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Sample records for sankardas roy charles

  1. Waar staan Roy Campbell?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tony Voss

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Al bly kritiese belangstelling in die werk van Roy Campbell nog steeds lewendig en sy posisie in die Suid-Afrikaanse literatuurgeskiedenis veilig, is hy nie ’n lewende aanwesigheid in die nuwe Suid-Afrika nie. Sy werk staan op die periferie van die metropolitaanse Engelse letterkunde, ’n klein voorbeeld van ’n meer algemene verskuiwing in wêreldkultuur. Waar staan Roy Campbell dan nou? Is daar ’n nuwe konteks vir sy werk? In ’n oorsig van ’n keuse uit die kritiek van die eerste dekade van die 21ste eeu, bevind die outeur dat Roy Campbell se werk met vrug gelees kan word in die konteks van die Grieks-Roomse klassieke erfenis wat hy omhels het en die Romaanse kultuur waarin hy hom gevestig het. Hierdie erkenning verryk die weerklank van Campbell se poësie en plaas hom in die geledere van ander kunstenaars wat weer onder die Europese dak ingebring is namate die koloniale toe-eiening van Afrika verbygaan.

  2. Roy Fuentes: Fuentes Berry Farms

    OpenAIRE

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    As president of Fuentes Berry Farms, Rogelio (Roy) Fuentes is one of many independent growers producing organic berries for Driscoll’s—a company that was initiated more than a century ago by two strawberry farmers on California’s Central Coast, and has since evolved into an international concern devoted to research, breeding, production, sales and distribution of conventionally and organically farmed strawberries, raspberries, blackberries and blueberries. Driscoll’s CEO Miles Reiter and his ...

  3. An Interview with Roy Ellen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nejm Benessaiah

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available I decided to undertake this interview with Professor Ellen, simply because I thought such a distinguished career deserved to be marked as he was retiring. Roy was happy to make time for our interviews, in the form of loosely structured conversation which, like the Arabian Nights, Roy pointed out, could have gone on forever, but I decided to draw the line at three sessions. Perhaps it could, and will go on to form part of a more in-depth biography, as I continued to discover other aspects and adventures of Roy’s interesting life in the course of other contexts, much as one does in the field. Much is known about what ethnobiologists and anthropologists say about another people’s lives; less is known about their own, apart from rare reflections, diaries and memoires. I found Roy’s reflections a source of comfort as I embarked on my own PhD fieldwork, reassuring me as I fumbled around, making my own unique but comparable mistakes among the insights I gleaned. The following is an edited version of the original interview. I hope it will be as enjoyable to the reader as it was to me working on it.

  4. LeRoy el invisible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael M. Meguid

    Full Text Available En agosto de 1976, un joven llamado LeRoy cayó desde una cornisa fracturándose el fémur. Se sospechó una hemorragia interna importante. Durante una laparotomía se comprobó que todos los órganos internos estaban intactos y los cirujanos ortopédicos arreglaron la fractura. Treinta días después, LeRoy murió. Había comido poco; diariamente, tan solo había recibido tres litros de la glucosa, el equivalente a 510 calorías, por vía intravenosa. La glucosa fue insuficiente para satisfacer sus necesidades nutricionales,perdiendo más del 20% de su peso corporal durante su estancia en el hospital. La causa de la muerte se debió a "desnutrición médicamente inducida". Mientras tanto, un artículo científico documentó que la prevalencia de desnutrición en los hospitales de Boston era del 44% y que la desnutrición en sí era un predictor de altas tasas de complicaciones y muerte. Como resultado, los médicos sensibilizados formaron una sociedad que creó programas de formación y alentó la formación de equipos de nutrición en los hospitales. La industria comercializó fórmulas de nutrición y catéteres. Las complicaciones en enfermos hospitalizados cayeron en picado, mientras que las tasas de supervivencia aumentaron. California aprobó una legislación para regular el soporte nutricional. Aunque la industria de la atención sanitaria reconoce la importancia de la nutrición en los cuidados al paciente, el Congreso no proporcionó apoyo fiscal para los equipos de nutrición. Como resultado, los hospitales disolvieron sus equipos de nutrición de reciente creación. La educación y las habilidades en nutrición disminuyeron, y las complicaciones hospitalarias y las tasas de mortalidad aumentaron de nuevo. "No hay nadie más ciego que el que no quiere ver" Matthew Henry Clergyman 1662-1714.

  5. [Family intervention according to Roy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Montigny, F

    1992-09-01

    The author presents a care plan based upon Sister Callista Roy's conceptual model, that is recognized as well suited to the family system. This, the first of two-part series, focuses on the first two steps of the care plan--the theoretical and practical aspects of data collection and data analysis. The subjects are a single mother and her son. During the first level of evaluation of the family system, the nurse observes and explores the family system's behavior as well as that of each of the family members using the four modes of adaptation: physiological needs, self-concept, role function, and interdependence relations. During the second level of evaluation, the nurse identifies observed and reported stimuli or factors within the family environment that influence observed behaviors. During the data analysis, the nurse determines if the reported or observed behaviors are adaptive or non-adaptive toward maintaining the bio-psycho-social integrity of the family. The nurse also determines if the behaviors allow for achievement of identified goals. The nurse establishes links between the behaviors and the stimuli, classes and organizes the findings, and formulates an appropriate nursing care plan. Next month's article will focus on the planning, implementation and evaluation of the nursing care plan. It will focus equally on the ways in which the nurse can facilitate the family's adaptation.

  6. Professing English a life of Roy Daniells

    CERN Document Server

    Djwa, Sandra

    2002-01-01

    Roy Daniells (1902-1979), an English professor who finished his career at the University of British Columbia, and an outstanding scholar, teacher and poet, influenced at least four generations of students.

  7. Charles Lalo

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Philosophe de l’art français, Charles Lalo (1877–1953) est un des représentants de l’école socio-positiviste, fortement influencé par la sociologie d’Emil Durkheim, et en amont par Auguste Comte. Un des fondateurs, avec Basch notamment, en 1931, de l’Association pour l’étude des arts et les recherches relatives à l’art  future Société française d’esthétique , Lalo lui succède à la chaire d’esthétique et de science de l’artà la Sorbonne. Il est le premier directeur du groupe de travail sur l...

  8. Roy's specific life values and the philosophical assumption of humanism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanna, Debra R

    2013-01-01

    Roy's philosophical assumption of humanism, which is shaped by the veritivity assumption, is considered in terms of her specific life values and in contrast to the contemporary view of humanism. Like veritivity, Roy's philosophical assumption of humanism unites a theocentric focus with anthropological values. Roy's perspective enriches the mainly secular, anthropocentric assumption. In this manuscript, the basis for Roy's perspective of humanism will be discussed so that readers will be able to use the Roy adaptation model in an authentic manner.

  9. Redskin Images. Roy Junior High School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reese, William M.

    The school and self-improvement programs instituted at Roy Junior High School include the development of a self-performance evaluative instrument, the incorporation of a daily 15-minute reading session, the encouragement of dance and movement education through use of visiting professionals, and implementation of a self-esteem improvement mechanism…

  10. Roy in the postanesthesia care unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, D A

    1990-06-01

    The adaptation model developed by Sister Callista Roy, RN, PhD, was used as the organizing framework for developing a preoperative assessment tool for PACU nurses. The purpose of preoperative assessment of a surgical patient by a PACU nurse is to determine the patient's location on the health-illness continuum. This is done by analyzing data regarding the patient's biopsychosocial needs, evaluating the data, and determining from that information what problems need intervention. Roy's theory advocates assessing the patient's biopsychosocial needs using four different adaptive modes: self-concept, physiological function, role function, and interdependence (level I assessment). After completing the PACU preoperative assessment tool, each mode in level I assessment is identified as either positive (adaptive) or negative (maladaptive) depending on the patient's behavior identified by the tool. If a maladaptive behavior is identified during the preoperative assessment, a level II assessment is made to collect data regarding focal, contextual, and residual stimuli. A nursing diagnosis, expected outcomes, nursing interventions, and evaluation are listed on the patient care plan based on the data obtained from the assessment.

  11. The Relationship between Scott and Narrator in Rob Roy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YI XIN-Hua

    2015-01-01

    Based on the postcolonial theory, this thesis focuses on a close examination of the relationship between Francis the narrator of Rob Roy and Scott the author.This thesis hopes to provide readers and researchers with a new perspective to Rob Roy and reevaluate Scott’s attitude towards England and Scotland.

  12. Atypical charles bonnet syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arun, Priti; Jain, Rajan; Tripathi, Vaibhav

    2013-10-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is not uncommon disorder. It may not present with all typical symptoms and intact insight. Here, a case of atypical CBS is reported where antipsychotics were not effective. Patient improved completely after restoration of vision.

  13. Charles Dickens and epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cosnett, J E

    1994-01-01

    Through some characters in his novels, Charles Dickens recorded observations on the nature of epileptic seizures, their causes and provocation, and their consequences. Three of his main characters, Monks, Guster, and Bradley Headstone, had seizures which Dickens realistically described.

  14. Felix de Roy: a life of variable stars

    CERN Document Server

    Shears, Jeremy

    2010-01-01

    Felix de Roy (1883-1942), an internationality recognised amateur astronomer, made significant contributions to variable star research. As an active observer, he made some 91,000 visual estimates of a number of different variable stars. A Belgian national, he took refuge in England during World War 1. While there, de Roy became well enough known to later serve as Director of the BAA Variable Star Section for seventeen years. Through this office, and his connections with other organisations around the world, he encouraged others to pursue the observation of variable stars. Not merely content to accumulate observational data, de Roy also analysed the data and published numerous papers.

  15. Charles Darwin, beetles and phylogenetics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beutel, Rolf G; Friedrich, Frank; Leschen, Richard A B

    2009-11-01

    Here, we review Charles Darwin's relation to beetles and developments in coleopteran systematics in the last two centuries. Darwin was an enthusiastic beetle collector. He used beetles to illustrate different evolutionary phenomena in his major works, and astonishingly, an entire sub-chapter is dedicated to beetles in "The Descent of Man". During his voyage on the Beagle, Darwin was impressed by the high diversity of beetles in the tropics, and he remarked that, to his surprise, the majority of species were small and inconspicuous. However, despite his obvious interest in the group, he did not get involved in beetle taxonomy, and his theoretical work had little immediate impact on beetle classification. The development of taxonomy and classification in the late nineteenth and earlier twentieth century was mainly characterised by the exploration of new character systems (e.g. larval features and wing venation). In the mid-twentieth century, Hennig's new methodology to group lineages by derived characters revolutionised systematics of Coleoptera and other organisms. As envisioned by Darwin and Ernst Haeckel, the new Hennigian approach enabled systematists to establish classifications truly reflecting evolution. Roy A. Crowson and Howard E. Hinton, who both made tremendous contributions to coleopterology, had an ambivalent attitude towards the Hennigian ideas. The Mickoleit school combined detailed anatomical work with a classical Hennigian character evaluation, with stepwise tree building, comparatively few characters and a priori polarity assessment without explicit use of the outgroup comparison method. The rise of cladistic methods in the 1970s had a strong impact on beetle systematics. Cladistic computer programs facilitated parsimony analyses of large data matrices, mostly morphological characters not requiring detailed anatomical investigations. Molecular studies on beetle phylogeny started in the 1990s with modest taxon sampling and limited DNA data. This has

  16. Charles Darwin, beetles and phylogenetics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beutel, Rolf G.; Friedrich, Frank; Leschen, Richard A. B.

    2009-11-01

    Here, we review Charles Darwin’s relation to beetles and developments in coleopteran systematics in the last two centuries. Darwin was an enthusiastic beetle collector. He used beetles to illustrate different evolutionary phenomena in his major works, and astonishingly, an entire sub-chapter is dedicated to beetles in “The Descent of Man”. During his voyage on the Beagle, Darwin was impressed by the high diversity of beetles in the tropics, and he remarked that, to his surprise, the majority of species were small and inconspicuous. However, despite his obvious interest in the group, he did not get involved in beetle taxonomy, and his theoretical work had little immediate impact on beetle classification. The development of taxonomy and classification in the late nineteenth and earlier twentieth century was mainly characterised by the exploration of new character systems (e.g. larval features and wing venation). In the mid-twentieth century, Hennig’s new methodology to group lineages by derived characters revolutionised systematics of Coleoptera and other organisms. As envisioned by Darwin and Ernst Haeckel, the new Hennigian approach enabled systematists to establish classifications truly reflecting evolution. Roy A. Crowson and Howard E. Hinton, who both made tremendous contributions to coleopterology, had an ambivalent attitude towards the Hennigian ideas. The Mickoleit school combined detailed anatomical work with a classical Hennigian character evaluation, with stepwise tree building, comparatively few characters and a priori polarity assessment without explicit use of the outgroup comparison method. The rise of cladistic methods in the 1970s had a strong impact on beetle systematics. Cladistic computer programs facilitated parsimony analyses of large data matrices, mostly morphological characters not requiring detailed anatomical investigations. Molecular studies on beetle phylogeny started in the 1990s with modest taxon sampling and limited DNA data

  17. Obituary: Roy Henry Garstang (1925-2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malville, J.

    2011-12-01

    Roy Henry Garstang 84 passed away on November 1, 2009 in Boulder Colorado. He was born in Southport, England in September of 1925 to Percy Brocklehurst and Eunice (Gledhill) Garstang. He won a scholarship to Caius College in Cambridge University. Because it was wartime, he could spend only two years at his studies. However, he managed to complete three years of required work during that time, and then spent 1945-46 as a Junior Scientific Officer at the Royal Aircraft Establishment at Farnborough. He received his BA in 1946 from Cambridge, his MA in 1950, and his PhD in Mathematics in 1954, with a thesis: "Atomic Transitions in Astrophysics," working under D. R. Hartree. He also received a ScD from Cambridge in Physics and Chemistry in 1983. He married Ann in August 1959. She and two daughters, Jennifer and Susan, survive him. While still pursuing his PhD, Roy Garstang served as a Research Associate at the Yerkes Observatory, from 1951-1952, working under Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. During that time he continued with his own calculations of atomic structure and transition probabilities, although these were not part of Chandra's research interests. After earning his PhD, he went to teach at the University of London, where he also served as the Assistant Director of the University of London Observatory (1959-1964). He was editor of "The Observatory" Magazine form 1953-1960. The continuing theme of this research was to help meet the needs of astrophysicists for atomic data. In 1964, he left England for the United States, where he joined the faculty at the University of Colorado, Boulder, where he would remain for the rest of his professional career. It was entirely fitting, considering his interest in performing calculations of interest to astrophysicists, that soon after arriving in Boulder he was appointed Chairman of JILA - Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics (1966-1967). He was Director of the Division of Physics and AstroGeophysics (1979-80), acting

  18. Atypical charles bonnet syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priti Arun

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS is not uncommon disorder. It may not present with all typical symptoms and intact insight. Here, a case of atypical CBS is reported where antipsychotics were not effective. Patient improved completely after restoration of vision.

  19. [Charles Bukowski's acne].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahmer, F A; Bahmer, J A

    2012-04-01

    In his autobiography, Charles Bukowski (1920-1994) describes his severe acne conglobata, his experience with therapy, family conflicts and emotional tension. Despite the stigmatization by his acne scars, Bukowski became a philobatic writer and a true chronist of the American way of life in the second half of the 20th century, writing in a coarse and obscene language.

  20. Charles Dickens: Multiform Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Melvin H.

    In both speaking and writing, the goal is communication with the intended audience. Rejecting the view that rhetoric is based on an established set of conventions, this article examines the writings of Charles Dickens as models of rhetorical expression. Passages from Dicken's novels illustrate how the writer violated grammatical rules and broke…

  1. Charles Darwin's Botanical Investigations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harley, Suzanne M.

    2010-01-01

    Charles Darwin's botanical studies provide a way to expose students to his work that followed the publication of "On the Origin of Species." We can use stories from his plant investigations to illustrate key concepts in the life sciences and model how questions are asked and answered in science.

  2. Charles Darwin's Botanical Investigations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harley, Suzanne M.

    2010-01-01

    Charles Darwin's botanical studies provide a way to expose students to his work that followed the publication of "On the Origin of Species." We can use stories from his plant investigations to illustrate key concepts in the life sciences and model how questions are asked and answered in science.

  3. Charles Darwin i 2009

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2009-01-01

    Charles Darwin blev født d. 12. februar 1809. Hans mest berømte bog, 'Om arternes oprindelse', udkom d. 24. november 1859. Det gør 2009 til noget ganske særligt for både Darwin og evolutionsteorien. Det er nemlig i år både Darwins 200-års fødselsdag og 150-års jubilæet for en af de mest...

  4. Charles John Huffam Dickens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Charles John Huffam Dickens(7 February1812-9 June 1870)was an English writer and social critic.He created some of the world’s most memorable fictional characters and is generally regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian period.During his life,his works enjoyed unprecedented fame,and by the twentieth centuryhis literary genius was broadly acknowledged by critics and scholars.His novels

  5. Charles Darwin i 2009

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2009-01-01

    Charles Darwin blev født d. 12. februar 1809. Hans mest berømte bog, 'Om arternes oprindelse', udkom d. 24. november 1859. Det gør 2009 til noget ganske særligt for både Darwin og evolutionsteorien. Det er nemlig i år både Darwins 200-års fødselsdag og 150-års jubilæet for en af de mest...

  6. Roy Walford and the immunologic theory of aging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Effros Rita B

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Roy Walford died on April 27, 2004, at the age of 79. His contributions to gerontological research in such diverse areas as caloric restriction, genetics of lifespan, immunosenescence, DNA repair and replicative senescence were truly remarkable in their depth and innovation. Significantly, most of the areas that he pioneered during his illustrious research career remain the "hot" areas of current gerontological research. In this sense, he has achieved the most important type of immortality. His death was a major personal and professional loss to numerous scientists within the gerontological community. In launching this new journal on Immunity and Ageing, it is highly fitting, therefore, to remember him on the anniversary of his death by briefly reviewing the contributions of Roy Walford to this important facet of gerontology. Indeed, it was Roy who actually first coined the commonly used term "immunosenescence".

  7. Lake Charles CCS Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leib, Thomas [Leucadia Energy, LLC, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Cole, Dan [Denbury Onshore, LLC, Plano, TX (United States)

    2015-06-30

    In late September 2014 development of the Lake Charles Clean Energy (LCCE) Plant was abandoned resulting in termination of Lake Charles Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) Project which was a subset the LCCE Plant. As a result, the project was only funded through Phase 2A (Design) and did not enter Phase 2B (Construction) or Phase 2C (Operations). This report was prepared relying on information prepared and provided by engineering companies which were engaged by Leucadia Energy, LLC to prepare or review Front End Engineering and Design (FEED) for the Lake Charles Clean Energy Project, which includes the Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) Project in Lake Charles, Louisiana. The Lake Charles Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) Project was to be a large-scale industrial CCS project intended to demonstrate advanced technologies that capture and sequester carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from industrial sources into underground formations. The Scope of work was divided into two discrete sections; 1) Capture and Compression prepared by the Recipient Leucadia Energy, LLC, and 2) Transport and Sequestration prepared by sub-Recipient Denbury Onshore, LLC. Capture and Compression-The Lake Charles CCS Project Final Technical Report describes the systems and equipment that would be necessary to capture CO2 generated in a large industrial gasification process and sequester the CO2 into underground formations. The purpose of each system is defined along with a description of its equipment and operation. Criteria for selection of major equipment are provided and ancillary utilities necessary for safe and reliable operation in compliance with environmental regulations are described. Construction considerations are described including a general arrangement of the CCS process units within the overall gasification project. A cost estimate is provided, delineated by system area with cost breakdown showing equipment, piping and materials

  8. PLACO CHARLES DE GAULLE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    J.H.Rosbach

    1996-01-01

    Fervorpae supreniris la avenuon deChamps Elysees. La celo estis la Triumfarkokaj la Tombo de la Nekonata Soldato.Centon da metroj antaǚ Plato Charles deGaulle mi transiris la avenuon.Mi haltis e la rando de la ronda placo,ob-servante la teruran trafikon. Centoj da aǚtoj,miloj da aǚtoj aperis maldekstre de mi, preter-fulmis, kuris ien, elektante diversajn avenuojnpot eliri el la placo. Estis la sama viglo kiel en

  9. Charles Dickens' old people.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles, D C; Charles, L A

    Charles Dickens, rare among authors of any period, presented a host of elderly and old characters in his novels and stories. More than 120 such characters were identified, distributed among four levels of involvement (protagonist to minor role) and six categories of behavior (warm and sympathetic to villainous and threatening). The two-thirds male, one-third female characters tended to be concentrated at the minor, rather than major, levels of involvement in plots, but they represented a great range of behavior. Dickens' old people were fully engaged in life and society and were not age-stereotyped.

  10. Charles et ses images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Marie Baron

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Charles Bovary est probablement le personnage qui a été le plus transformé par les cinéastes qui ont adapté le roman de Flaubert. Si les premiers adaptateurs l’ont traité en victime, peu à peu, le cinéma a commencé à souligner la dimension néfaste sous-jacente du personnage et à lui faire porter une large part de responsabilité dans la descente aux enfers d’Emma. Depuis Pierre Renoir, touchant et authentique, jusqu’à Gregg Edelman, le mari de Little children qui fantasme sur les photos d’une pin-up virtuelle, en passant par les images plus ou moins pathétiques ou ridicules de Van Heflin, Aribert Wäscher, Alberto Bello, Jean-François Balmer, Farooq Shaikh ou Luis-Miguel Cintra, Charles, plus que tout autre personnage du roman, a subi une incroyable métamorphose en s’ancrant dans la civilisation de chacun des pays et de chacune des décennies successives qui l’ont porté à l’écran.From the 1930s to the present, Charles Bovary is probably the most altered character in the adaptations of Flaubert’s novel. The first directors made a victim of him, but gradually, the cinema began to emphasize his deleterious dimension and attributed to him a large part of the responsibility for Emma’s grief. From Pierre Renoir, touching and authentic, to Gregg Edelman, who fantasizes on a pornographic website in Todd Field’s Little Children, the more or less pathetic or ridiculous portrayals given by Van Heflin, Aribert Wäscher,Alberto Bello, Jean-François Balmer, Farooq Shaikh or Luis-Miguel Cintra, show that more than any other character in the novel, Charles has been submitted to a serious metamorphosis by being interpreted on screen according to each country’s civilization and the successive decades of filming.

  11. Mel Ramos ja Roy Lichtenstein Albertinas / Jaan Elken

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elken, Jaan, 1954-

    2011-01-01

    Mel Ramose retrospektiivnäitus "Mel Ramos : 50 Years of Pop Art" 29. maini 2011 ja Roy Lichtensreini mustvalgete tööde valik "Black & White 1961-1968" 15. maini 2011 Viini Albertinas. Lühidalt näitusest "Power Up - Female Pop Art" Viini Kunstihalles

  12. Mel Ramos ja Roy Lichtenstein Albertinas / Jaan Elken

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elken, Jaan, 1954-

    2011-01-01

    Mel Ramose retrospektiivnäitus "Mel Ramos : 50 Years of Pop Art" 29. maini 2011 ja Roy Lichtensreini mustvalgete tööde valik "Black & White 1961-1968" 15. maini 2011 Viini Albertinas. Lühidalt näitusest "Power Up - Female Pop Art" Viini Kunstihalles

  13. Resisting the author: JT LeRoy's fictional authorship

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Loontjens, J.

    2008-01-01

    In the last decade, the interest in the relation between author and text, author and autobiography, seems to have grown. In my article, I use the story of the author JT LeRoy as a framework to analyse what this growing interest means for our understanding of the word "author." JT LeRoy’s work was co

  14. Lucinda Roy to read her poetry, fiction Tuesday night

    OpenAIRE

    Owczarski, Mark

    2006-01-01

    Lucinda Roy, Alumni Distinguished Professor of English in the College of Liberal Arts and Human Sciences at Virginia Tech, will read from her poetry as well as her fiction as part of the university's ongoing Alumni Distinguished Professor/University Distinguished Professor Lecture Series.

  15. General Roy S. Geiger, USMC: Marine Aviator, Joint Force Commander

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    under the wings of their planes. Brigadier General Roy Geiger, with seemingly iron nerves and tireless muscles, forced them back into their planes...that justified a separate service, independent of the Army. The Army, meanwhile, was determined to preserve its force structure in the frenzy of

  16. Characters named Charles or Charley in novels by Charles Dickens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barry, Herbert

    2007-10-01

    12 fictional characters named Charles or Charley are contained in eight of the 14 completed novels by Charles Dickens. Most of the author's namesakes have humorous attributes, an unusually close relationship with one or more other characters, and a happy subsequent life. Three stages of the author's adult life are youthful, mature, and after separation from his wife. The fictional namesakes are most humorous in the author's youthful stage and least humorous after separation from his wife. The 12 fictional namesakes of Charles Dickens are compared with the two fictional namesakes of Jane Austen.

  17. Roy-Steiner equations for pi N scattering

    CERN Document Server

    Ditsche, Christoph; Kubis, Bastian; Meißner, Ulf-G

    2012-01-01

    Starting from hyperbolic dispersion relations for the invariant amplitudes of pion-nucleon scattering together with crossing symmetry and unitarity, one can derive a closed system of integral equations for the partial waves of both the s-channel (pi N --> pi N) and the t-channel (pi pi --> Nbar N) reaction, called Roy-Steiner equations. After giving a brief overview of the Roy-Steiner system for pi N scattering, we demonstrate that the solution of the t-channel subsystem, which represents the first step in solving the full system, can be achieved by means of Muskhelishvili-Omn\\`es techniques. In particular, we present results for the P-waves featuring in the dispersive analysis of the electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon.

  18. Dilip Roy at Itsun Heavy Industries India Pvt. Ltd. (IHIIPL)

    OpenAIRE

    Margie Parikh

    2008-01-01

    Dilip Roy is a country head at Itsun Heavy Industry (India) Pvt. Ltd. (IHIIPL) in Delhi, India. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of Itsun China, a leading private sector construction equipment company. Dilip graduated as a mechanical engineer with reputed National Science Talent Search Scholarship, started his career as a Graduate Trainee Engineer and became a Vice President in another company before he joined IHIIPL as a country head. Hu, the representative of Itsun China in India was explori...

  19. Roy Walford and the immunologic theory of aging

    OpenAIRE

    Effros Rita B

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Roy Walford died on April 27, 2004, at the age of 79. His contributions to gerontological research in such diverse areas as caloric restriction, genetics of lifespan, immunosenescence, DNA repair and replicative senescence were truly remarkable in their depth and innovation. Significantly, most of the areas that he pioneered during his illustrious research career remain the "hot" areas of current gerontological research. In this sense, he has achieved the most important type of immor...

  20. [A proposal to combine Roy's conceptual framework with crisis theory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luis, M V

    1990-04-01

    It is reported the crisis theory framework's and is proposed its linkage with the Callista Roy conceptual Model. The aim is to provide the nurse with an instrumental and theoretical framework of the knowledge of the person in crisis intervention. In this proposition is still suggested, a guide to nursing care. It is derived of both theories and exemplified by the author trough practice application.

  1. Roy-Steiner equations for πN scattering

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Elvira, J. Ruiz; Ditsche, C.; Hoferichter, M.; Kubis, B.; Meißner, U.-G.

    2015-10-01

    In this talk, we briefly review our ongoing collaboration to precisely determine the low-energy πN scattering amplitude by means of Roy-Steiner equations. After giving a brief overview of this system of dispersive equations and their application to πN scattering, we proceed to solve for the lower partial waves of the s-channel (πN → πN) and the t-channel l( {π π to bar NN} right) sub-problems.

  2. Visual hallucinations: charles bonnet syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jan, Tiffany; Del Castillo, Jorge

    2012-12-01

    The following is a case of Charles Bonnet syndrome in an 86-year-old woman who presented with visual hallucinations. The differential diagnosis of visual hallucinations is broad and emergency physicians should be knowledgeable of the possible etiologies.

  3. Charles Dickens kao europski autor

    OpenAIRE

    Grgić, Kristina

    2016-01-01

    The Reception of Charles Dickens in Europe. Volumes I-II. Ur. Michael Hollington (sv. XIX. u nizu The Reception of British and Irish Authors in Europe). London – New Delhi – New York – Sydney: Bloomsbury. 2013. 703 str.

  4. Charles Bonnet syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stojanov Oliver

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS is a condition that causes visual hallucinations in patients without any mental illnesses. CBS is characterized by the presence of vivid, complex and recurrent visual hallucinations, and do not occur in the setting or as part of delirium or other psychological illnesses. The condition is present in patients who have visual loss due to age-related macular degeneration (AMD, cataracts and/or other ocular diseases that influence vision. Case report. A 81-year-od woman reported to ophthalmologist complaining of visual hallucinations that consisted of white pigeons. Hallucinations were present for two years and she was well aware that hallucinations were unreal. Mental illnesses were excluded by the psychiatrist. Complete ophthalmologic examination was performed, and finding revealed visual acuity of 0.3 (right eye and 0.5 (left eye, in both eyes cataracts and AMD (wet form. Optical coherence tomography confirmed the fundoscopic finding of AMD. The patient rejected treatment of cataracts and AMD due to old age, and hallucinations persisted. Conclusion. CBS should be considered in patients with visual hallucinations and ocular diseases that influence vision. It is essential to distinguish CBS from mental illnesses, since patients with CBS are fully aware that hallucinations are not real. Awareness of CBS could help physicians upon referring patients to ophthalmologists instead of psychiatrists, and therefore avoid patients being misdiagnosed.

  5. Charles Dickens 2012 - et essay

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schatz-Jakobsen, Claus

    2012-01-01

    Essayet plæderer i 200-året for Charles Dickens' fødsel for hans forfatterskabs fortsatte aktualitet, og samtidig for en nyoversættelse til dansk.......Essayet plæderer i 200-året for Charles Dickens' fødsel for hans forfatterskabs fortsatte aktualitet, og samtidig for en nyoversættelse til dansk....

  6. Women's perceptions of caesarean birth: a Roy international study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fawcett, Jacqueline; Aber, Cynthia; Haussler, Susan; Weiss, Marianne; Myers, Sheila Taylor; Hall, Jaye L; Waters, V Lynn; King, Charlette; Tarkka, Marja-Terttu; Rantanen, Anja; Astedt-Kurki, Paivi; Newton, Jennifer; Silva, Virginia

    2011-10-01

    The purpose of this Roy adaptation model-based multi-site international mixed method study was to examine the relations of type of caesarean birth (unplanned/planned), number of caesarean births (primary/repeat), and preparation for caesarean birth to women's perceptions of and responses to caesarean birth. The sample included 488 women from the United States (n = 253), Finland (n = 213), and Australia (n = 22). Path analysis revealed direct effects for type of and preparation for caesarean birth on responses to caesarean birth, and an indirect effect for preparation on responses to caesarean birth through perception of birth the experience.

  7. Roy Greenslade, Press Gang - How Newspapers Make Profits From Propaganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilbert Millat

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Avec son titre Press Gang en rouge sur fond noir, la volumineuse étude de Roy Greenslade, au sous-titre accrocheur How Newspapers Make Profits From Propaganda, se présente davantage sous les dehors d’un roman policier que d’un ouvrage savant. Au terme d’une longue carrière de journaliste, l’auteur, ancien rédacteur en chef du Daily Mirror et qui a collaboré à neuf journaux nationaux, est devenu Professor of Journalism à la City University de Londres. Grâce à sa connaissance encyclopédique du ...

  8. Anxiety and Charles Bonnet Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geueke, Anna; Morley, Michael G.; Morley, Katharine; Lorch, Alice; Jackson, MaryLou; Lambrou, Angeliki; Wenberg, June; Oteng-Amoako, Afua

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Some persons with Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) suffer significant anxiety because of their visual hallucinations, while others do not. The aim of the study presented here was to compare levels of anxiety in persons with low vision with and without CBS. Methods: This retrospective study compared the level of anxiety in 31 persons…

  9. Visual Hallucinations: Charles Bonnet Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiffany Jan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The following is a case of Charles Bonnet syndrome in an 86-year-old woman who presented with visual hallucinations. The differential diagnosis of visual hallucinations is broad and emergency physicians should be knowledgeable of the possible etiologies.

  10. CHARLES PEYROU - French version only

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    La famille de Charles Peyrou exprime ici ses vifs remerciements à tous les amis et collègues du CERN, qui lui ont témoigné leur sympathie, par leur présence, par des fleurs, par des messages. Ces signes d'amitié ont été d'un grand réconfort.

  11. Charles Gelso: The "Real" Person

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Clara E.

    2010-01-01

    Charles Gelso has had a major influence in counseling psychology with his contributions to the literature in many areas such as research methodology, research training, psychotherapy outcome, and the therapeutic relationship as well as in his work as an editor and as a teacher and mentor. This interview with Gelso highlights the early experiences,…

  12. Charles Darwin in the Andes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bizzo, Nelio; Bizzo, Luis Eduardo Maestrelli

    2006-01-01

    Considering geological time as an important epistemological obstacle to the construction of ideas on biological evolution, a study was carried out on the so-called "Darwin Papers". The conclusion was that Charles Darwin's excursion in the Andes during March-April 1835 was a crucial step in this regard. An expedition was carried out in…

  13. Charles Darwin 1809-2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Wyhe, John

    2009-02-01

    The year 2009 is the bicentenary of the birth of Charles Darwin and the 150th anniversary of the publication of On the Origin of Species. This article briefly surveys his life and work, dispelling some common myths and summarizes Darwin's achievement and legacy at his death in 1882.

  14. Charles Darwin in the Andes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bizzo, Nelio; Bizzo, Luis Eduardo Maestrelli

    2006-01-01

    Considering geological time as an important epistemological obstacle to the construction of ideas on biological evolution, a study was carried out on the so-called "Darwin Papers". The conclusion was that Charles Darwin's excursion in the Andes during March-April 1835 was a crucial step in this regard. An expedition was carried out in…

  15. Roy-Steiner equations for pion-nucleon scattering

    CERN Document Server

    Ditsche, C; Kubis, B; Meißner, U -G

    2012-01-01

    Starting from hyperbolic dispersion relations, we derive a closed system of Roy-Steiner equations for pion-nucleon scattering that respects analyticity, unitarity, and crossing symmetry. We work out analytically all kernel functions and unitarity relations required for the lowest partial waves. In order to suppress the dependence on the high-energy regime we also consider once- and twice-subtracted versions of the equations, where we identify the subtraction constants with subthreshold parameters. Assuming Mandelstam analyticity we determine the maximal range of validity of these equations. As a first step towards the solution of the full system we cast the equations for the $\\pi\\pi\\to\\bar NN$ partial waves into the form of a Muskhelishvili-Omn\\`es problem with finite matching point, which we solve numerically in the single-channel approximation. We investigate in detail the role of individual contributions to our solutions and discuss some consequences for the spectral functions of the nucleon electromagneti...

  16. Roy-Steiner-equation analysis of pion-nucleon scattering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meißner, U.-G.; Ruiz de Elvira, J.; Hoferichter, M.; Kubis, B.

    2017-03-01

    Low-energy pion-nucleon scattering is relevant for many areas in nuclear and hadronic physics, ranging from the scalar couplings of the nucleon to the long-range part of two-pion-exchange potentials and three-nucleon forces in Chiral Effective Field Theory. In this talk, we show how the fruitful combination of dispersion-theoretical methods, in particular in the form of Roy-Steiner equations, with modern high-precision data on hadronic atoms allows one to determine the pion-nucleon scattering amplitudes at low energies with unprecedented accuracy. Special attention will be paid to the extraction of the pion-nucleon σ-term, and we discuss in detail the current tension with recent lattice results, as well as the determination of the low-energy constants of chiral perturbation theory.c

  17. 76 FR 38302 - Safety Zone; Cape Charles Fireworks, Cape Charles Harbor, Cape Charles, VA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-30

    ... navigable waters of Cape Charles City Harbor centered on position 37 15'46.5'' N/076 01'30'' W (NAD 1983... of materials, performance, design, or operation; test methods; sampling procedures; and related... the human environment. This rule is categorically excluded, under figure 2-1, paragraph (34)(g),...

  18. Charles Darwin’s Mitochondria

    OpenAIRE

    Hayman, John

    2013-01-01

    Charles Darwin’s long-term illness has been the subject of much speculation. His numerous symptoms have led to conclusions that his illness was essentially psychogenic in nature. These diagnoses have never been fully convincing, however, particularly in regard to the proposed underlying psychological background causes of the illness. Similarly, two proposed somatic causes of illness, Chagas disease and arsenic poisoning, lack credibility and appear inconsistent with the lifetime history of th...

  19. Scientific evaluation of Charles Dickens

    OpenAIRE

    Simkin, M. V.

    2009-01-01

    I report the results of the test, where the takers had to tell the prose of Charles Dickens from that of Edward Bulwer-Lytton, who is considered by many to be the worst writer in history of letters. The average score is about 50%, which is on the level of random guessing. This suggests that the quality of Dickens' prose is the same as of that of Bulwer-Lytton.

  20. Charles Darwin and John Herschel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warner, B.

    2009-11-01

    The influence of John Herschel on the philosophical thoughts of Charles Darwin, both through the former's book, Natural Philosophy, and through their meeting in 1836 at the Cape of Good Hope, is discussed. With Herschel having himself speculated on evolution just a few months before he met Darwin, it is probable that he stimulated at least the beginnings of the latter's lifelong work on the subject.

  1. Roy-Steiner-equation analysis of pion-nucleon scattering

    CERN Document Server

    Hoferichter, Martin; Kubis, Bastian; Meißner, Ulf-G

    2015-01-01

    We review the structure of Roy-Steiner equations for pion-nucleon scattering, the solution for the partial waves of the t-channel process $\\pi\\pi\\to \\bar N N$, as well as the high-accuracy extraction of the pion-nucleon S-wave scattering lengths from data on pionic hydrogen and deuterium. We then proceed to construct solutions for the lowest partial waves of the s-channel process $\\pi N\\to \\pi N$ and demonstrate that accurate solutions can be found if the scattering lengths are imposed as constraints. Detailed error estimates of all input quantities in the solution procedure are performed and explicit parameterizations for the resulting low-energy phase shifts as well as results for subthreshold parameters and higher threshold parameters are presented. Furthermore, we discuss the extraction of the pion-nucleon $\\sigma$-term via the Cheng-Dashen low-energy theorem, including the role of isospin-breaking corrections, to obtain a precision determination consistent with all constraints from analyticity, unitarity...

  2. Roy-Steiner equations for gamma gamma -> pi pi

    CERN Document Server

    Hoferichter, Martin; Schat, Carlos

    2011-01-01

    Starting from hyperbolic dispersion relations, we derive a system of Roy--Steiner equations for pion Compton scattering that respects analyticity, unitarity, gauge invariance, and crossing symmetry. It thus maintains all symmetries of the underlying quantum field theory. To suppress the dependence of observables on high-energy input, we also consider once- and twice-subtracted versions of the equations, and identify the subtraction constants with dipole and quadrupole pion polarizabilities. Based on the assumption of Mandelstam analyticity, we determine the kinematic range in which the equations are valid. As an application, we consider the resolution of the $\\gamma\\gamma\\to\\pi\\pi$ partial waves by a Muskhelishvili--Omn\\`es representation with finite matching point. We find a sum rule for the isospin-two $S$-wave, which, together with chiral constraints, produces an improved prediction for the charged-pion quadrupole polarizability $(\\alpha_2-\\beta_2)^{\\pi^\\pm}=(15.3\\pm 3.7)\\cdot 10^{-4} {\\rm fm}^5$. We inves...

  3. Roy-Steiner-equation analysis of pion-nucleon scattering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoferichter, Martin; Ruiz de Elvira, Jacobo; Kubis, Bastian; Meißner, Ulf-G.

    2016-04-01

    We review the structure of Roy-Steiner equations for pion-nucleon scattering, the solution for the partial waves of the t-channel process ππ → N ¯ N, as well as the high-accuracy extraction of the pion-nucleon S-wave scattering lengths from data on pionic hydrogen and deuterium. We then proceed to construct solutions for the lowest partial waves of the s-channel process πN → πN and demonstrate that accurate solutions can be found if the scattering lengths are imposed as constraints. Detailed error estimates of all input quantities in the solution procedure are performed and explicit parameterizations for the resulting low-energy phase shifts as well as results for subthreshold parameters and higher threshold parameters are presented. Furthermore, we discuss the extraction of the pion-nucleon σ-term via the Cheng-Dashen low-energy theorem, including the role of isospin-breaking corrections, to obtain a precision determination consistent with all constraints from analyticity, unitarity, crossing symmetry, and pionic-atom data. We perform the matching to chiral perturbation theory in the subthreshold region and detail the consequences for the chiral convergence of the threshold parameters and the nucleon mass.

  4. Roy-Steiner equations for pion-nucleon scattering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ditsche, C.; Hoferichter, M.; Kubis, B.; Meißner, U.-G.

    2012-06-01

    Starting from hyperbolic dispersion relations, we derive a closed system of Roy-Steiner equations for pion-nucleon scattering that respects analyticity, unitarity, and crossing symmetry. We work out analytically all kernel functions and unitarity relations required for the lowest partial waves. In order to suppress the dependence on the high energy regime we also consider once- and twice-subtracted versions of the equations, where we identify the subtraction constants with subthreshold parameters. Assuming Mandelstam analyticity we determine the maximal range of validity of these equations. As a first step towards the solution of the full system we cast the equations for the π π to overline N N partial waves into the form of a Muskhelishvili-Omnès problem with finite matching point, which we solve numerically in the single-channel approximation. We investigate in detail the role of individual contributions to our solutions and discuss some consequences for the spectral functions of the nucleon electromagnetic form factors.

  5. The Lake Charles CCS Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doug Cathro

    2010-06-30

    The Lake Charles CCS Project is a large-scale industrial carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) project which will demonstrate advanced technologies that capture and sequester carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions from industrial sources into underground formations. Specifically the Lake Charles CCS Project will accelerate commercialization of large-scale CO{sub 2} storage from industrial sources by leveraging synergy between a proposed petroleum coke to chemicals plant (the LCC Gasification Project) and the largest integrated anthropogenic CO{sub 2} capture, transport, and monitored sequestration program in the U.S. Gulf Coast Region. The Lake Charles CCS Project will promote the expansion of EOR in Texas and Louisiana and supply greater energy security by expanding domestic energy supplies. The capture, compression, pipeline, injection, and monitoring infrastructure will continue to sequester CO{sub 2} for many years after the completion of the term of the DOE agreement. The objectives of this project are expected to be fulfilled by working through two distinct phases. The overall objective of Phase 1 was to develop a fully definitive project basis for a competitive Renewal Application process to proceed into Phase 2 - Design, Construction and Operations. Phase 1 includes the studies attached hereto that will establish: the engineering design basis for the capture, compression and transportation of CO{sub 2} from the LCC Gasification Project, and the criteria and specifications for a monitoring, verification and accounting (MVA) plan at the Hastings oil field in Texas. The overall objective of Phase 2, provided a successful competitive down-selection, is to execute design, construction and operations of three capital projects: (1) the CO{sub 2} capture and compression equipment, (2) a Connector Pipeline from the LLC Gasification Project to the Green Pipeline owned by Denbury and an affiliate of Denbury, and (3) a comprehensive MVA system at the Hastings oil field.

  6. Leading from the back : Roy Wilkins and his leadership of the NAACP, 1955-1968

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ryan, Yvonne

    2009-01-01

    This study offers a reassessment of Roy Wilkins who led the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the largest civil rights organization in the United States, during the most turbulent years of the civil rights movement.

  7. Charles Darwin and panic disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barloon, T J; Noyes, R

    1997-01-08

    Charles Darwin (1809-1882) suffered from a chronic illness that, throughout much of his adult life, impaired his functioning and severely limited his activities. The writings of this famous scientist as well as biographical materials indicate that he probably suffered from an anxiety disorder. His symptoms, when considered individually, suggest a variety of conditions, but taken together they point toward panic disorder with agoraphobia. This diagnosis brings coherence to Darwin's activities and explains his secluded lifestyle, including difficulty in speaking before groups and meeting with colleagues.

  8. Charles Peyrou: 1918-2003

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Charles Peyrou, who was one of the outstanding personalities at CERN for thirty years, passed away on 6 April 2003. Born in Oloron-Sainte-Marie (France) on 18 May 1918, Charles Peyrou studied at the Ecole Polytechnique, where he attended the first class given by Louis Leprince-Ringuet in 1936. Here, he was part of the small group of enthusiastic physicists who took part in the first cosmic ray experiments. In 1938, the group built its first chamber, a large Wilson chamber in a magnetic field, operating with Geiger counters. After the war, following his appointment as chief engineer of one of the large national technical institutes known as the Corps de l'Etat, he was detached to his old laboratory to resume research on cosmic rays, and a system of two superimposed cloud chambers was set up at the Pic du Midi. This device proved very effective in the study of the strange particles that were starting to be detected at that time. Here, for example, the disintegration of the K meson into a muon and a neutrino wa...

  9. [Family intervention according to Roy. Planning, execution and evaluation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Montigny, F

    1992-10-01

    Last month, the author presented the first two steps necessary in the development of a nursing care plan. This care plan utilized Sister Callista Roy's conceptual model and was designed to evaluate the family system. The readers became familiar with the Joly family, whose family system was evaluated (this included Diane and Jessie). Analysis of the collected data identified two nursing diagnoses and the author explained the way that nursing diagnosis is derived. The first identified nursing diagnosis revealed a threat to the beneficiary, the second diagnosis revealed a threat to the family system. This second article is devoted to the three other steps involved in the development of a nursing care plan that will assist the nurse in developing a systematic strategy in caring for this type of family. The planning step consists of the identification of objectives for care. These objectives must be specific, measurable and realistic as well as able to answer the question: "What changes are intended for this family?" Suggestions are offered for objective development. Once the objectives are finalized, the nurse chooses pertinent and realistic interventions that permit her/him, as well as Diane, to attain the identified objectives. The nurse's interventions are centred around stimuli that are increased, decreased or maintained by the goal of modifying or reinforcing observed behaviors. In the care plan example developed for the Joly family, the identified interventions are not all inclusive and serve as suggestions. During the course of the interventions the nurse must constantly readjust and adapt the interventions to fit with changing needs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  10. Bringing critical realism to nursing practice: Roy Bhaskar's contribution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Lynne; Rycroft-Malone, Jo; Burton, Christopher R

    2017-04-01

    In the context of modern nursing practice that is embedded within complex social situations, critical discussions about the contribution of major philosophers are relevant and important. Whilst nurse theorists have advanced and shaped nursing as a discipline, other major philosophers can offer much to advance nursing enquiry. In this paper, we focus on philosopher Roy Bhaskar who, amongst others, developed critical realism, a philosophy for social science which connects with how many of us think about the world. Bhaskar's work focuses our attention on the interplay between structure and agency and on the search for the causative or generative mechanisms that explain the social world. Bhaskar was interested in human emancipation, and we suggest his work is of great importance to advance understanding of complex social situations. Critical realism has already been endorsed by a range of disciplines, especially in research which focuses on real problems and acknowledges the complexities of the social world. In recent evidence from healthcare literature, there has been a surge in research using realist methodology (realist evaluation and realist synthesis), which is underpinned by the philosophy of critical realism and which offers a different perspective to understanding nursing and healthcare problems through the realist lens. However, we suggest that sufficient attention is not always paid to the philosophical roots of this methodology. In this paper, we provide insight into Bhaskar's work and demonstrate how research positioned within critical realism and realist methodology can advance nursing and healthcare-related knowledge. Through shining a light on Bhaskar, we illustrate how critical realism philosophy is a natural fit with human and health science enquiry, including nursing.

  11. An interview with Nobel laureate Roy Glauber, Physics 2005.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glauber, Roy

    2009-06-26

    The field of quantum optics rests on the work of Roy Glauber, who helped elucidate the nature of light as both particles and waves. According to Glauber, quantum optics allowed "all sorts of experiments...that never could have been done before." He suggests that it was not his "small revelation" that the Nobel Committee awarded, but rather the decades of research that followed his own. Nonetheless, Glauber received one-half of the 2005 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his contribution to the quantum theory of optical coherence" while the other half was shared by John Hall and Theodor Hänsch for their work on laser-based precision spectroscopy. Glauber admits that the behavior of light seems strange and unintuitive--yet the phenomena that Einstein called "spooky action at a distance" may have many practical applications. In this candid interview, Glauber shares his thoughts about working at Los Alamos National Laboratory--his shock to learn that he was helping to build The Bomb, and his dismay about how it was used. At Los Alamos, Glauber met two of his major influences: Julian Schwinger, who was Glauber's thesis advisor at Harvard, and Los Alamos scientific director Robert Oppenheimer, who facilitated his early post-doctoral research. Glauber also tells a poignant account of how his marriage fell victim to the social upheaval of the 1960's, and how he was left to raise two children alone. Despite the difficulties of reconciling academia with family, Glauber is amused to find himself revered by women as "someone who has raised children and nonetheless had a successful academic career."

  12. THE TRAGIC IN CHARLES BUKOWSKI

    OpenAIRE

    LUIS FERNANDO GONCALVES BALBY

    2014-01-01

    Esta dissertação pretende lançar luz sobre a escrita poética de Charles Bukowski pela relação por ela estabelecida com a filosofia trágica de Nietzsche lida, a sua vez, com o auxílio da obra Nietzsche e a filosofia de Deleuze. Tal aproximação entre a atividade do poeta e o pensamento dos filósofos sustenta-se nas referências comuns pelos conceitos de força, corpo, vontade, potência e arte. Sendo assim, a perspectiva de análise da dissertação afasta-se das noções de biográfico e auto ficcional...

  13. Charles Darwin: genius or plodder?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkins, Adam S

    2009-11-01

    There is no doubt about the magnitude of Charles Darwin's contributions to science. There has, however, been a long-running debate about how brilliant he was. His kind of intelligence was clearly different from that of the great physicists who are deemed geniuses. Here, the nature of Darwin's intelligence is examined in the light of Darwin's actual style of working. Surprisingly, the world of literature and the field of neurobiology might supply more clues to resolving the puzzle than conventional scientific history. Those clues suggest that the apparent discrepancy between Darwin's achievements and his seemingly pedestrian way of thinking reveals nothing to Darwin's discredit but rather a too narrow and inappropriate set of criteria for "genius." The implications of Darwin's particular creative gifts with respect to the development of scientific genius in general are briefly discussed.

  14. Det nordnorske stedet i Roy Jacobsens Det nye vannet (1987

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lennart Johansen

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Jeg vil analysere Roy Jacobsens Det nye vannet med oppmerksomheta vendt mot et forholdsvis nytt fenomen innafor litteraturvitenskapen, nemlig interessen for rommet. Som litteraturviteren Frederik Tygstrup påpeker i artikkelen “Det litterære rum”, har litteraturvitenskapen helt siden Aristoteles’ teoretiske avhandling Poetikken ansett tida som det strukturerende grunnelement i fortellinga. Det vil si at fokuset har vært retta mot komposisjonen av begivenhetene i et tidsmessig forløp, mens rommet i liten grad har blitt tilgodesett med oppmerksomhet. I dag anser man imidlertid i større grad enn tidligere rommets karakter som medbestemmende i hvilke handlinger, situasjoner og tenkemåter som er mulig innafor det samme rommet.Med dette utgangspunktet vil jeg undersøke noen av de konsekvenser jeg mener å se følger av at handlinga i Det nye vannet er lagt til Nord-Norge. I arbeidet vil jeg nærme meg det nordnorske fra det mer allmenne. Jeg vil altså starte ved å anslå tekstens tematikk, hvor vi kommer til å se at forandring, og redsel for sådan, står sentralt. Deretter vil jeg komme inn på Jacobsens nordnorske sted i forhold til denne tematikken. Romanen handler blant annet om møter mellom mennesker med ulike tanke- og levesett, eller mennesker tilhørende ulike livsrom. Her vil det si møter mellom det urbane og det nord-norske livsrom. I tillegg til å synliggjøre livsrommenes særtrekk, vil jeg også komme inn på møtenes konsekvenser. I den anledning kommer vi til å se at romanen problematiserer tradisjonelle dikotomatiske motsetninger av typen natur – kultur. Jeg vil underveis i arbeidet, og særlig i avslutningskapitlet, argumentere for at forfatteren forfekter nødvendigheta av erfaringsutveksling mellom de to livsrommene. Før jeg kommer inn på romanen, vil jeg imidlertid presentere den teori om rommet i litteraturen jeg vil anvende.67

  15. Charles Darwin: What Else Did He Write?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berra, Tim M.

    1980-01-01

    Lists a number of books written by Charles Darwin, selected to indicate the depth and breadth of Darwin's biological interests. Each entry is described with a short annotation. Also provides a reading list of references about Darwin's life. (CS)

  16. Charles Darwin: What Else Did He Write?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berra, Tim M.

    1980-01-01

    Lists a number of books written by Charles Darwin, selected to indicate the depth and breadth of Darwin's biological interests. Each entry is described with a short annotation. Also provides a reading list of references about Darwin's life. (CS)

  17. Legacy of Enid Charles, 1894-1972

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wargon, Sylvia

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Without a doubt, Enid Charles was an important pioneer and innovator who worked as a demographer and population statistics specialist in both developed and developing countries, until she was almost 70 years of age.

  18. [Charles Gerhardt's life and work].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blondel-Mégrelis, Marika

    2008-05-01

    Charles Gerhardt's life and work is rather well-known thanks to Grimaux and Tiffeneau. His reform of the equivalents, his classification, his obtention of organic acid anhydrids and his famous Treatise of Organic Chemistry. His active collaboration to the Revue scientifique et industrielle du Docteur Quesneville, the creation of his Comptes-Rendus des Travaux de Chimie. Are not so often quoted. Thanks to his translations and reviews, German chemical advancements became well known in France Gerhardt was Liebig's translator for almost all his life, even through the fluctuations of their personal relation. He was the representative of German chemistry in France. With Auguste Laurent, with whom he is constantly associated, things need to be examined precisely. Laurent and Gerhardt, friends at a moment, cannot be confounded. Though they worked together for some years, they were not engaged in a similar project. Besides an experimentalist, Laurent was essentially a theorician of chemistry, whereas Gerhardt refused to think about atoms and arrangements. Formulas have to describe relations between facts, in no case anything about arrangements. For posterity however, Gerhardt will be, on the same level as Laurent, the creator of modern chemistry doctrines.

  19. Charles Wagley: mentor and colleague

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maxine L. Margolis

    Full Text Available Professor Charles Wagley was my mentor at Columbia University, my colleague at the University of Florida and a dear friend. His influence on me can be summarized in one word: Brazil. From the time I took his course, "Peoples of Brazil", as a first semester graduate student at Columbia I was captivated and most of my subsequent field research and publications have had Brazilian themes. Under Dr. Wagley's direction I did field research for my dissertation in the coffee region of northern Paraná and focused on the shift from coffee cultivation to cattle ranching and the social and economic consequences of that change. My subsequent research in the area involved the impact of frost on this shift in economic base as well as one of its results: the flight of poor Brazilians to Paraguay. Then starting in the late 1980s my research shifted and I began focusing on Brazilian immigrants in New York City. This was part of a growing movement of Brazilians arriving in New York, elsewhere in the United States and in Europe and Japan. Since then most of my subsequent research and publications have been on this new wave of international migrants

  20. The Evolution of Charles Dickens' Humanitarian Outlook

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李庆华

    2001-01-01

    Charles Dickens, as an important English novelist, criticised the English society of the Victorian Age,which reflects his humanitarian outlook. His humanitarian outlook includes his early optimism and mature satire as well as sentiment during the climax of his creation and his late years. Furthermore, Dickens' life experience as a man which helped to form his humanitarian outlook provided him with boundless writing resources, and then, he produced many excellent works.key words: Charles Dickens; the Victorian Age; Humanitarian Outlook; Evolution.

  1. The Roy Adaptation Model: A Theoretical Framework for Nurses Providing Care to Individuals With Anorexia Nervosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jennings, Karen M

    2017-08-18

    Using a nursing theoretical framework to understand, elucidate, and propose nursing research is fundamental to knowledge development. This article presents the Roy Adaptation Model as a theoretical framework to better understand individuals with anorexia nervosa during acute treatment, and the role of nursing assessments and interventions in the promotion of weight restoration. Nursing assessments and interventions situated within the Roy Adaptation Model take into consideration how weight restoration does not occur in isolation but rather reflects an adaptive process within external and internal environments, and has the potential for more holistic care.

  2. Management of bulimia nervosa: a case study with the Roy adaptation model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seah, Xin Yi; Tham, Xiang Cong

    2015-04-01

    Bulimia nervosa is a crippling and chronic disorder, with individuals experiencing repeated binge-purge episodes. It is not widely understood by society. The use of the Roy adaptation model for the management of bulimia nervosa is examined in this article. Nursing models are utilized to provide a structure for planning and implementation of patient management. The Roy adaptation model focuses on the importance of individuals as able to adapt well to their changing surrounding environments. This model can be useful in managing patients with bulimia nervosa.

  3. Savonarola at the stake: the rise and fall of Roy Meadow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Robert

    2008-06-01

    The aim of this paper is to describe the role of prominent paediatrician Professor Sir Roy Meadow in the controversy surrounding the diagnosis of Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy (MSBP) in mothers accused of murdering their children. The MSBP saga is a further chapter of an era of moral panic that started several decades ago with repressed memory therapy, satanic ritual abuse and multiple personalities. The fall of medieval sage Savonarola is an apt analogy for the fate of Roy Meadow. The history of medicine is rife with figures who become their own authority and rule by force of personality.

  4. On Social Psychology and Human Nature: An Interview with Roy Baumeister

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Natalie Kerr

    2008-01-01

    Roy F. Baumeister currently holds the Eppes Eminent Professorship in the Department of Psychology at Florida State University. He received his PhD in social psychology from Princeton in 1978 working under Edward E. Jones. After a postdoctoral fellowship in sociology at Berkeley, he spent 23 years on the faculty at Case Western Reserve University,…

  5. Conceivability and De Re Modal Knowledge: A reply to Roca-Royes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    In a recent paper, Roca-Royes argues that conceivability cannot be the whole story about our access to de re modal knowledge. Her claim is that conceivability-based epistemologies fails to comply with a principle any epistemology of de re modality must observe. I critically assess Roca...

  6. High Performance Sustainable School Design: Roy Lee Walker Elementary, McKinney, Texas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    SHW Group, Inc., Dallas, TX.

    This document describes the sustainable features of the Roy Lee Walker Elementary School (Texas), a prototype "Eco Education" school that blends the physical environment with the student learning process while protecting the site. The document also presents the process of integrating sustainability criteria in all phases of the school's…

  7. "An Impossible Ambition"?: Roy Mitchell's Creative Idealism and the Spiritual Nexus between Theatre and Theosophy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kivisto, Mikko William

    2009-01-01

    Though a participant of the Little Theatre Movement in North America, Roy Mitchell was largely ignored or--at best--marginalized by theatre practitioners and scholars after his death in 1944 until the late 1980s. Most of the material written about him had labelled him a prophet--a lone voice in the wilderness advocating for a new direction from a…

  8. A Tribute to Roy J. Stewart: He Helped Make Our Sign Language Immortal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gannon, Jack K.

    2004-01-01

    Roy J. Stewart made two very significant contributions to Deaf America. He was a key member of a Gallaudet alumni committee (along with Harley D. Drake, class of 1904, and Frederick H. Hughes, class of 1913) that raised seed money for the construction of the Edward Miner Gallaudet Memorial Library, which was influential in Gallaudet's attaining…

  9. Genealogy of John and Charles Bell: their relationship with the children of Charles Shaw of Ayr.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufman, M

    2005-11-01

    The Reverend William Bell had six children who survived infancy. Two of his sons entered the legal profession and two other sons became distinguished anatomists and surgeons--John Bell, said for 20 years to have been the leading operating surgeon in Britain and throughout the world--and Sir Charles Bell, possibly the most distinguished anatomist and physiologist of his day. Information is not known about the fifth son or their sister. Charles Shaw, a lawyer of Ayr, had four sons and two daughters who survived infancy. Two of his sons, John and Alexander, became anatomists and later surgeons at the Middlesex Hospital, and both worked closely with Charles Bell at the Great Windmill Street School of Anatomy. His third son entered the law and his fourth son became a distinguished soldier. The two daughters of Charles Shaw married into the Bell family: Barbara married George Joseph Bell and Marion married Mr (later Sir) Charles Bell.

  10. The first Charles Darwin (1758-78).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Stuart

    2009-11-01

    The paper places the first Charles Darwin in his family context: the eldest son of Dr Erasmus Darwin and Mary Howard. Mention is made of Charles's upbringing and education, with illustrative material taken from his father's writings and from Anna Seward's Memoirs of the Life of Dr Darwin (1804). The part played by Dr Andrew Duncan of the Edinburgh Medical School is established. The award to Charles in March 1778 of the first medal by the Aesculapian Society of Edinburgh is described. The involvement of Dr William Cullen and Dr Joseph Black in the treatment of Charles's fatal infection is evidenced from Erasmus' letters. Attention is given to 'An Elegy on the much-lamented death of a most ingenious young gentleman who lately died in the College at Edinburgh where he was a student' which was written jointly by Duncan and Erasmus in 1778. The Elegy's curious publishing history will be glanced at. The paper concludes with a statement of Charles's great promise as a medical student and of Erasmus' efforts to ensure that his son's achievements were memorialised.

  11. "My appointment received the sanction of the Admiralty": why Charles Darwin really was the naturalist on HMS Beagle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Wyhe, John

    2013-09-01

    For decades historians of science and science writers in general have maintained that Charles Darwin was not the 'naturalist' or 'official naturalist' during the 1831-1836 surveying voyage of HMS Beagle but instead Captain Robert FitzRoy's 'companion', 'gentleman companion' or 'dining companion'. That is, Darwin was primarily the captain's social companion and only secondarily and unofficially naturalist. Instead, it is usually maintained, the ship's surgeon Robert McCormick was the official naturalist because this was the default or official practice at the time. Although these views have been repeated in countless accounts of Darwin's life, this essay aims to show that they are incorrect. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. [The Charles Bonnet syndrome and dementia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Baerdemaeker, E; Bouckaert, F; D'Haenen, H

    2009-01-01

    An 83-year-old visually impaired woman was admitted to the hospital because of complex visual hallucinations. Her symptoms were indicative of the Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS). On the basis of this case we explore the relationship between CBS and dementia and discuss the different opinions on this topic.

  13. A FENOMENOLOGIA PRAGMATICISTA DE CHARLES S. PEIRCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Túlio Tibério Quirino de Medeiros

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available o presente trabalho propõe uma aproximação entre a filosofia de Kant e afenomenologia pragmaticista de Charles Peirce, buscando assinalar a relação entre aconcepção de experiência e fenômeno pertencentes a estas concepções teóricas.

  14. [The life and times of Charles Richet].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richet, Gabriel; Estingoy, Pierrette

    2003-01-01

    In 1913 Charles Richet received the Nobel Prize of Medicine and Physiology for his work on anaphylaxis, which he discovered with Paul Portier in 1902. The 335 letters received by Charles Richet shortly thereafter shed some light on his position in the European world at the time. In the field of biomedical sciences, he distinguished himself with his constant determination to blend physiology, and clinical studies, which irritated the fundamentalists and clinicians at the time; The circumspection of the latter in regard to anaphylaxis is evident in their letters. For wasn't anaphylaxis an experimental pathogen occurence, devoid obvious clinical correlations, in comparison to Pasteur's immunology with its serums and vaccinations, firmly relevant to modern medicine? An abundant non-biological correspondence arrived from various horizons-cultural, literary, metapsychistnatalist, pacifist, as well as those concerned with civil justice and civil liberties, the Intellectuals. Strangely, Charles Richet, who was actively engaged in such struggles, is barely mentioned in the index of recent works devoted to the role played by these Intellectuals. Was Charles not an Intellectual? Or has the expression come to mean something different today?

  15. [Charles II of Spain, the bewitched].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerda L, Jaime

    2008-02-01

    The death of King Charles II, the Bewitched, ended two centuries of sovereignity of the Habsburg dynasty in Spain. Since his birth in 1661, he presented a peculiar set of physical, psychiatric and behavioral signs, such as respiratory and diarrheal diseases, recurrent seizures and deep developmental delay. It was not until his adulthood when his infertility became evident, being incapable of conceiving a heir, even though he married twice. Such a constellation of ominous signs motivated a curious investigation, which concluded that the king was hexed at the age of 14 years in order to take away his throne, his health and his capacity to procreate. Based on contemporary medical knowledge, it is possible that Charles IIhad a rare autosomal recessive inherited genopathy asa consequence of the frequent inbreeding among his ancestors. On the other hand, its is also possible that Charles II presented Klinefelter Syndrome, the most frequent sex chromosome disorder in humans and the most common cause of hypogonadism and infertility in males. The hypothesis that Charles II was bewitched reflects a deep belief in supernatural phenomena among the Castilian society at the beginning of the 18th century, an idea transmitted across generations, currently present in many societies worldwide.

  16. Charles Dickens, Social Worker in His Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, Arlene Bowers

    2012-01-01

    As the world marks the 200th anniversary of Charles Dickens's birth, social workers may take note of the contributions Dickens made to 19th century social reform. Ever the advocate for people who were poor and oppressed, Dickens, in his timeless fictional narratives, continues to have relevance for contemporary social justice advocacy. This…

  17. Creative Work: The Case of Charles Darwin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruber, Howard E.; Wallace, Doris B.

    2001-01-01

    Describes the evolving systems approach (ESA) to creative work, which emerged from a case study of Charles Darwin. Explains how the ESA differs from other approaches and describes various facets of creative work (networks of enterprise, uniqueness, insight, pluralism, and evolving belief systems and ensembles of metaphor). Emphasizes the…

  18. Creative Work: The Case of Charles Darwin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruber, Howard E.; Wallace, Doris B.

    2001-01-01

    Describes the evolving systems approach (ESA) to creative work, which emerged from a case study of Charles Darwin. Explains how the ESA differs from other approaches and describes various facets of creative work (networks of enterprise, uniqueness, insight, pluralism, and evolving belief systems and ensembles of metaphor). Emphasizes the…

  19. Charles Edwin Bentley: A Genuine Emancipator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dummett, Clifton O.

    1979-01-01

    Charles Bentley was a dental practitioner, organizer, educator, intellectual, author, researcher, speaker and musician. His contributions to dental health care were universally applicable, but they were grudgingly accepted by mainstream dentistry in the United States. He was criticized by many fellow Blacks and envied by many White colleagues.…

  20. The use of patient education Roy Adaptation Model haemodialysisRoy Adaptasyon Modelinin hemodiyaliz hasta eğitiminde kullanımı

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayşe Kacaroğlu Vicdan

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Chronic diseases are pathological changes which are non-healing, rapidly progressive, often causing disabilities and deficiencies, and individual to experience physical, psychological, social, economical limitations and pain, requiring long-term special care and control. For these reasons, chronic patients are a primary or secondary  stressor for the individual, family and society. Thus, the application of professional nursing models and selection of the accurate model are very important in the treatment of such diseases as they enable the compliance to treatment. The reason for selecting the Roy Adaptation Model as a nursing application in the treatment of patients with chronic renal failure is that this model handles the patient with an “integrated” approach. Because patients with CRF are exposed to a number of physical, psychological and social changes. Hemodialysis that is applied in the treatment of this disease affects the physiological needs, self-concepts, moods, social relations, roles and working lives of individuals. The Adaptation Model that was developed by Roy is a model that was prepared by considering all these needs. This article was written in an attempt to show the benefits of using the Roy Adaptation Model in the hemodialysis patient training. ÖzetKronik hastalıklar tam olarak iyileşmeyen, sürekli ilerleyen, çoğu kez kalıcı sakatlıklara yol açan, bireylerin fiziksel, psikolojik, sosyal, ekonomik sınırlılıklar ve ağrı yaşamasına neden olan, uzun süreli özel bakım ve kontrol gerektiren geriye dönüşsüz patolojik değişikliklerdir. Kronik hastalıklar birey, aile ve toplum için primer ya da sekonder bir stresördür. Bu nedenle, bu tür hastalıkların tedavisinde profesyonel hemşirelik modellerinin uygulanması hastalığa uyumu kolaylaştırdığı için doğru modelin seçilmesi son derece önemlidir. Kronik böbrek yetmezliği olan hastaların tedavisinde bir hemşirelik uygulaması olarak

  1. Xanthinuria in a family of Cavalier King Charles spaniels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    vanZuilen, CD; Nickel, RF; vanDijk, TH; Reijngoud, DJ

    1997-01-01

    Xanthine calculi mere found in a 7-month-old male Cavalier King Charles spaniel with urethral obstruction and renal insufficiency, Because the only two other reported cases of naturally occurring xanthine urolithiasis concerned a Cavalier King Charles and a King Charles spaniel the urine of the litt

  2. Multiculturalism and the formation of a diasporic counterpublic in Roy K. Kiyooka's StoneDGloves

    OpenAIRE

    Morton, Stephen

    2009-01-01

    This essay considers how recent diasporic writing has questioned the liberal democratic claims of Canada’s multicultural policies to recognise the history and culture of its diasporic citizens. At the core of the essay is a detailed reading of Roy Kiyooka’s catalogue of poems and photographs, StoneDGloves (1970), which considers how Kiyooka traces a history of race-labour in the foundations of the Canadian nation state, and attempts to redress state policies of racial exclusion and discrimina...

  3. Charles Bonnet, his life, and his syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hedges, Thomas R

    2007-01-01

    Charles Bonnet (1720-1792) was an eminent naturalist and philosopher whose contributions to botany and philosophy were highly regarded and honored by his contemporaries in the scientific community of his era in France and England. In1760 he first described and analyzed formed visual hallucinations experienced by his grandfather. The syndrome was named after Bonnet in 1937 by George de Mosier, another native of Geneva, Switzerland.

  4. Charles Ferguson and the "Broadband Problem"

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    Charles Ferguson has published a book that advocates a major increase in government intervention in the U.S. market for high-speed, "broadband" Internet services. His proposals are based on a faulty understanding of the effects of current telecommunications regulation and unsubstantiated claims that current participants in the broadband marketplace are exercising monopoly power. His policy recommendations would not only fail to accelerate the pace of broadband diffusion in the United States, ...

  5. Pediatric phantom vision (Charles Bonnet) syndrome.

    OpenAIRE

    Mewasingh, Leena D.; Kornreich, Charles; Christiaens, Florence; Christophe, Catherine; Dan, Bernard

    2002-01-01

    Visual symptomatology in childhood often presents diagnostic difficulties. Recurrent paroxysmal visual complaints, although typically associated with migraine, may also signal other disorders. We describe a 9-year-old partially sighted male with paroxysmal zoopsias resulting from Charles Bonnet syndrome. This condition is characterized by paroxysmal visual hallucinations occurring in patients with chronic visual impairment, akin to the phantom-limb phenomenon. This pediatric case is the fourt...

  6. Pediatric phantom vision (Charles Bonnet) syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mewasingh, Leena D; Kornreich, Charles; Christiaens, Florence; Christophe, Catherine; Dan, Bernard

    2002-02-01

    Visual symptomatology in childhood often presents diagnostic difficulties. Recurrent paroxysmal visual complaints, although typically associated with migraine, may also signal other disorders. We describe a 9-year-old partially sighted male with paroxysmal zoopsias resulting from Charles Bonnet syndrome. This condition is characterized by paroxysmal visual hallucinations occurring in patients with chronic visual impairment, akin to the phantom-limb phenomenon. This pediatric case is the fourth report of this condition. We have reviewed the other cases.

  7. Charles Tilly as a Theorist of Nationalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brubaker, Rogers

    2010-12-01

    This paper considers Charles Tilly as an important but underappreciated theorist of nationalism. Tilly's theory of nationalism emerged from the "bellicist" strand of his earlier work on state-formation and later incorporated a concern with performance, stories, and cultural modeling. Yet despite the turn to culture in Tilly's later work, his theory of nationalism remained state-centered, materialist, and instrumentalist-a source of both its power and its limitations.

  8. Charles Darwin as primatologist: a literature guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loy, J

    1997-01-01

    Charles Darwin made numerous references to the nonhuman primates in support of his evolutionary thesis. Most such references are found in The Descent of Man [1871] and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals [1872], but other illuminating statements are scattered throughout Darwin's notebooks, letters, and lesser-known publications. As a research aid to modern primatologists, this paper presents a very nearly complete listing of Darwin's comments on primates, indexed by topic and primate type.

  9. [Charles Bonnet syndrome: a case presentation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cumurcu, Tongabay; Elbozan Cumurcu, Birgül; Cam Celikel, Feryal

    2005-01-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome comprises the triad of visual hallucinations, visual sensory deprivation, and preserved cognitive status. This paper discusses a case diagnosed as Charles Bonnet syndrome, involving visual hallucinations secondary to bilateral primary optic atrophy. An 80-year-old female with normal cognitive functions in the presence of primary optic atrophy and visual hallucinations was diagnosed with Charles Bonnet syndrome. The patient, having had poor vision since childhood, had lost it totally in the last year. Her vision had not improved following cataract operations in both eyes 6 months previously. Her vision was at the level of hand movements. In biomicroscopic examination, bilateral pseudoaphakia was found. Since fundus examination showed bilateral primary optic atrophy in the presence of visual hallucinations, a psychiatric consultation was requested. In her psychiatric examination, she had had hallucinations for the last two years, first elementary and then complex in character. Her cognitive functions were normal with no pathology in her neurologic examination. Routine investigations and neuroradiologic examinations were normal. She had no past history of any personal or familial psychiatric or systemic physical disorder. She was given olanzapine 5 mg daily and was followed up. This syndrome, defined as visual hallucinations in the presence of preserved cognitive functions and deprived vision, requires further research.

  10. Modelo de adaptación de roy en un ensayo clínico controlado

    OpenAIRE

    Villamizar Carvajal, Beatriz; DURÁN DE VILLALOBOS, MARÍA MERCEDES

    2012-01-01

    Objetivo: establecer el proceso para usar un modelo conceptual de enfermería como guía en un ensayo clínico controlado.Metodología: inicia con la presentación del contenido de las directrices del modelo conceptual para la investigación, seguido del desarrollo del proceso investigativo, para finalizar con la construcción de una estructura conceptual-teórica-empírica sobre el tema específico de investigación.Resultados: el desarrollo del proceso se hizo a través del modelo de adaptación de Roy,...

  11. Precise analysis of pion-pion scattering data from Roy equations and forward dispersion relations

    CERN Document Server

    Peláez, J R; Kaminski, R; Ynduráin, F J

    2008-01-01

    We review our recent analysis of pion-pion scattering data in terms of Roy equations and Forward Dispersion Relations, and present some preliminary results in terms of a new set of once-subtracted coupled equations for partial waves. The first analysis consists of independent fits to the different pion-pion channels that satisfies rather well the dispersive representation. In the second analysis we constrain the fit with the dispersion relations. The latter provides a very precise and model independent description of data using just analyticity, causality and crossing.

  12. Charles Lyell and scientific thinking in geology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Virgili, Carmina

    2007-07-01

    Charles Lyell (1797-1875) was born at Kinnordy, Scotland. His father, an amateur botanist, and his grandfather, a navigator, gave him very soon a taste for the observation of the Nature. He went to the Oxford University to study classical literature, but he also followed the geological course of William Buckland. After having been employed as jurist for some years, in 1827 he decided on a career of geologist and held the chair of geology of the King's College of London, from 1831 on. He was a contemporary of Cuvier, Darwin, von Humboldt, Hutton, Lavoisier, and was elected 'membre correspondant' of the 'Académie des sciences, France', in January 1862. Charles Lyell is one of the eminent geologists who initiated the scientific thinking in geology, in which his famous volumes of the Principles of Geology were taken as the authority. These reference volumes are based on multiple observations and field works collected during numerous fieldtrips in western Europe (principally Spain, France, and Italy) and North America. To his name are attached, among others: ( i) the concept of uniformitarism (or actualism), which was opposed to the famous catastrophism, in vogue at that time, and which may be summarized by the expression "The present is the key to the past"; ( ii) the division of the Tertiary in three series denominated Eocene, Miocene, and Pliocene, due to the study of the age of strata by fossil faunas; ( iii) the theory according to which the orogenesis of a mountain chain, as the Pyrenees, results from different pulsations on very long time scales and was not induced by a unique pulsation during a short and intense period. The uniformity of the laws of Nature is undeniably a principle Charles Lyell was the first to state clearly and to apply to the study of the whole Earth's crust, which opened a new era in geology.

  13. PLURALISM, FATWA, AND COURT IN INDONESIA: The Case of Yusman Roy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadirsyah Hosen

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The interrelation between Islam, state and pluralism is an unfinished discussion in Indonesia. This paper examines an issue of promoting individual freedom to practice his/her belief, and at the same time not insulting the majority belief in a plural society. It takes the case of Yusman Roy on performing the salah (prayer in a local language as the subject of analysis in order to identify the fault lines of religion and pluralism, and to consider how best to address them. The paper argues that fatwa and court should not be used as mechanisms to deal with the issue of religion and pluralism. It further argues for an “alternative dispute resolution” in dealing with the plurality of interpretation within Islamic tradition and at the same time maintaining the unity and harmony Islamic communities. It maintains that Roy should have the rights to practice what he believes, but at the same time, a negotiation on how he spreads his ideas outside his schools should take place in order to avoid provocative actions that invite violence.

  14. Roy's safety-first portfolio principle in financial risk management of disastrous events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Mei Choi; Wong, Hoi Ying; Li, Duan

    2012-11-01

    Roy pioneers the concept and practice of risk management of disastrous events via his safety-first principle for portfolio selection. More specifically, his safety-first principle advocates an optimal portfolio strategy generated from minimizing the disaster probability, while subject to the budget constraint and the mean constraint that the expected final wealth is not less than a preselected disaster level. This article studies the dynamic safety-first principle in continuous time and its application in asset and liability management. We reveal that the distortion resulting from dropping the mean constraint, as a common practice to approximate the original Roy's setting, either leads to a trivial case or changes the problem nature completely to a target-reaching problem, which produces a highly leveraged trading strategy. Recognizing the ill-posed nature of the corresponding Lagrangian method when retaining the mean constraint, we invoke a wisdom observed from a limited funding-level regulation of pension funds and modify the original safety-first formulation accordingly by imposing an upper bound on the funding level. This model revision enables us to solve completely the safety-first asset-liability problem by a martingale approach and to derive an optimal policy that follows faithfully the spirit of the safety-first principle and demonstrates a prominent nature of fighting for the best and preventing disaster from happening. © 2012 Society for Risk Analysis.

  15. CERN Library | Roy Calne presents: "The Ratchet of Science - Curiosity killed the cat" | 26 October

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Library

    2015-01-01

    Sir Roy Calne will discuss his most recent book: “The Ratchet of Science - Curiosity killed the cat. Can human nature cope with the rapid and accelerated advances of science?”   Monday, 26 October - 4.30 p.m. CERN Filtration plant, Room 222-R-001 There is a limited number of seats. Please register here. The book’s premise is that huge scientific advances throughout history occur in spurts or “ratchets”. It reflects on the good and the evil consequences of discoveries. Due to the worrying nature of human beings, each ratchet in our knowledge is too often accompanied by dangerous applications. Knowledge, once established by a reliable scientific method, cannot be unlearned. The cat is out of the bag and the curiosity may kill the cat – so to speak. Professor Roy Calne illustrates this with the example of the young physicist known to all at CERN: Lise Meitner, who discovered and named nucle...

  16. DIAGNÓSTICOS DE ENFERMAGEM E MODELO TÉORICO DE ROY EM PACIENTES PROSTATECTOMIZADOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisandra de Araújo Saldanha

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudio descriptivo, con objetivo de identificar el perfil de los diagnósticos de enfermería internacional NANDA en pacientes en postoperatorio inmediato de prostatectomía y relacionarlos con los problemas de adaptación del Modelo de Adaptación de Roy. Llevado a cabo en hospital universitario en Nordeste de Brasil, entre noviembre/2010 y abril/2011, con muestra de 50 individuos. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevista y examen físico, con posterior análisis por medio del razonamiento clínico. Fueron encontrados las relaciones: riesgo de caídas y posibles lesiones; alteración de la deambulación y la movilidad a pie y/o coordinación restringida; déficits de autocuidado y pérdida de la capacidad de autocuidado; dolor agudo y dolor agudo; patrones de insomnio/sueño y privación del sueño con discapacidad; estreñimiento y estreñimiento. Por lo tanto, la mayor parte de los diagnósticos de enfermería identificados son similares a los problemas de adaptación de acuerdo con Roy.

  17. [Charles Bonnet syndrome and visual hallucination].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Amardeep; Sørensen, Torben Lykke

    2011-01-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome is characterized by vivid, complex and recurrent visual hallucinations occurring in psychologically normal people. Though not related to any specific eye condition, it commonly affects visually impaired elderly persons and is thus an important differential diagnosis to many conditions which cause visual hallucinations. Patients usually retain insight into the unreal nature of their hallucination. The hallucinatory experiences are generally not distressing, but patients may fear impending insanity. There is no specific treatment for this condition which in most cases is self-limiting.

  18. Charles Bonnet syndrome: an interesting case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Munish Kumar

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS characterized by formed and complex visual hallucinations that occur in visually-impaired individuals who are otherwise mentally normal. We report a case of 52-year-old hypertensive male presented to the emergency department with chief complaint of sudden onset bilateral painless complete visual loss with complex visual hallucinations. On physical examination patient was neurologically normal except bilateral complete visual loss. On MRI brain had bilateral acute infarct in occipital cortices. Follow up after two months his vision improved a little but hallucinations disappeared completely. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(10.000: 4648-4650

  19. Charles Bonnet syndrome: are medications necessary?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartney, Kimberly E; Catalano, Glenn; Catalano, Maria C

    2011-03-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is a clinical entity in which patients develop vivid visual hallucinations in the absence of psychiatric illness. In the great majority of cases, a decline in visual acuity precedes the development of CBS. The patient maintains intact reality testing and recognizes that the hallucinations are not real. There is no definitive cure for CBS, although various pharmacologic agents, behavioral strategies, and ophthalmologic interventions have been used in an attempt to reduce or relieve symptoms. We present the case of a 79-year-old man who presented with the onset of vivid visual hallucinations after developing cataracts. We also review previous case reports of CBS and discuss treatment options.

  20. [Charles Bonnet syndrome precipitated by brimonidine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Catalán, M R; Arriola-Villalobos, P; Santos-Bueso, E; Gil-de-Bernabé, J; Díaz-Valle, D; Benítez-del-Castillo, J M; García-Sánchez, J

    2013-09-01

    An 81-year-old woman with age-related macular degeneration and pseudoexfoliative glaucoma developed visual hallucinations (faces, flowers and frames) shortly after beginning brimonidine drops. Neurologic and psychiatric examination was normal. Visual hallucinations disappeared within 10 days after discontinuing the drug. The Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is characterised by complex visual hallucinations in elderly patients in the setting of significant visual impairment without any psychiatric symptoms. Awareness of CBS among ophthalmologist is essential. Clinicians should treat visual impairment and be aware of possible visual hallucinations in patients treated with brimonidine. Copyright © 2010 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  1. Resume of Interview with Professor Charles Snow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorthe Døjbak Håkonsson

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This interview is with Professor Charles Snow. Snow is Professor Emeritus of Strategy and Organization at Penn State University. He was a professor at Penn State from 1974 to 2012. The interview was conducted in 2013 while he was visiting professor at ICOA (Interdisciplinary Center for Organizational Architecture at Aarhus University. Professor Snow is a founding member of the Organizational Design Community and co-editor of the Journal of Organization Design. He is a Fellow of the Academy of Management and is listed in Who’s Who in the Management Sciences and Great Writers on Organizations.

  2. Charles Bonnet syndrome after herpes simplex encephalitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydin, Ömer Faruk; Ince, Hülya; Taşdemir, Haydar Ali; Özyürek, Hamit

    2012-04-01

    Visual impairment associated with Charles Bonnet syndrome is rarely reported in childhood. We describe a child who presented with visual hallucinations and postinfectious bilateral retrobulbar optic neuritis. The patient had undergone acyclovir therapy for 3 weeks because of herpes encephalitis. Four days after therapy was completed, he experienced visual impairment in both eyes. He manifested a bilateral decrease in visual acuity, with normal funduscopic findings. The patient experienced visual hallucinations for about 1 week, and then experienced total loss of vision. During his hallucinations, the patient did not exhibit behavioral changes or cognitive impairment. The visual hallucinations included unfamiliar children hiding under his bed, and he spoke to someone whom he did not know. Magnetic resonance imaging indicated bilateral optic nerve hyperintensity on T(2)-weighted and contrast-enhanced images. The patient received corticosteroid therapy for his retrobulbar optic neuritis, and his vision returned to normal after 1 month. Although rare, visual impairment can be associated with complex visual hallucinations indicative of Charles Bonnet syndrome.

  3. Obituary: Charles Latif Hyder, 1930-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Oran Richard

    2004-12-01

    My friend and colleague, Charles Hyder, was a true physicist with a sound intuitive grasp of fundamentals in modern physics and the underlying mathematics. I admired his knowledge of the history of modern physics and quantum mechanics when we discussed contemporary problems in interpreting solar observations. He had the ability to present his ideas clearly and persuasively to both students and his colleagues. His insatiable curiosity about life in general led him to consider the effects of nuclear weapons development on the human race. Appreciation of the biological effects of radioactive materials produced in the course of weapons and power reactor development led him to a more public career beyond traditional research. Charles Hyder was born April 18, 1930 in Albuquerque, New Mexico. He graduated from Albuquerque High School and served in the Air Force during the Korean War. He received a BS and MS in physics from the University of New Mexico (1958, 1960) and a PhD in astrogeophysics at the University of Colorado (1964). His positions included the Department of Astronomy and Institute of Geophysics at UCLA (1964-65), Sacramento Peak Solar Observatory (1965-1970) and the Goddard Space Flight Center (1970-1977). He also taught at the University of New Mexico (1970-1977) and was active on the Solar Maximum Mission science team (1970-1977, 1980-1984). He was married twice with both marriages ending in divorce. He and his first wife Ann had three children (Paul, Roxanne and Querida) and he and his second wife Laurie had a son Niels. Charles Hyder's professional career in solar physics began in 1961 during his graduate studies at the Department of AstroGeophysics of the University of Colorado and continued until 1983 when he chose to follow his convictions to expose the threat of nuclear proliferation. His early research was in the study of the quantum mechanics of polarized light produced in the presence of magnetic fields. Application of this work to interpretation

  4. Eneseotsingutee / Jean-Charles Hue ; intervjueerinud Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hue, Jean-Charles, 1968-

    2011-01-01

    Tallinna Kunstihoone galeriis on 12. juunini 2011 vaadata prantsuse videokunstniku Jean-Charles Hue' näitus "Tattoo Fight" ("Tätorebimine"), kuraator Harry Liivrand. Kunstnikust, kelle emapoolsed sugulased on Prantsusmaa mustlased ehk yéniche'id. Jean-Charles Hue yéniche'itest, nende olukorrast Prantsusmaal, oma loomingust, pikemalt mustlaste teema käsitlemisest

  5. Eneseotsingutee / Jean-Charles Hue ; intervjueerinud Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hue, Jean-Charles, 1968-

    2011-01-01

    Tallinna Kunstihoone galeriis on 12. juunini 2011 vaadata prantsuse videokunstniku Jean-Charles Hue' näitus "Tattoo Fight" ("Tätorebimine"), kuraator Harry Liivrand. Kunstnikust, kelle emapoolsed sugulased on Prantsusmaa mustlased ehk yéniche'id. Jean-Charles Hue yéniche'itest, nende olukorrast Prantsusmaal, oma loomingust, pikemalt mustlaste teema käsitlemisest

  6. Analysis of Female Characters of Charles Dickens' Novel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娜

    2011-01-01

    By tagging different characters,Charles Dickens invented many distinct characters in his novels.Female charaters are a central of Charls Dickens literary works.They represent the unimportant and the weak in the British society in the 19th century.This ess

  7. Pessoas com úlceras venosas: estudo do modo psicossocial do modelo adaptativo de Roy Personas con úlceras venosas: estudio de los aspectos psicosociales del modelo de adaptación de Roy People with venous ulcers: a study of the psychosocial aspects of the adaptive model of Roy

    OpenAIRE

    Isabelle Katherinne Fernandes Costa; Walkíria Gomes da Nóbrega; Isabel Karolyne Fernandes Costa; Gilson de Vasconcelos Torres; Ana Luiza Brandão de Carvalho Lira; Francis Solange Vieira Tourinho; Bertha Cruz Enders

    2011-01-01

    Estudo transversal, descritivo, quantitativo, realizado com 50 pessoas com úlcera venosa (UV) em um Hospital Universitário, que objetivou verificar o nível de adaptação psicossocial do Modelo de Roy das pessoas com UV. A pesquisa foi aprovada pelo Comitê de Ética da instituição. Os dados foram coletados com formulário estruturado e após a organização dos dados das alterações ocorridas na vida das pessoas com UV classificamos segundo o modo psicossocial de Roy. Verificamos que no modo autoconc...

  8. Sir Charles Ballance: pioneer British neurological surgeon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, J L

    1999-03-01

    Sir Charles A. Ballance (1856-1936) began his medical career at St. Thomas's Hospital the University College, London, England, in 1875, receiving honors in every subject and a gold medal in surgery. Victor Horsley (1857-1916) and Ballance were classmates at the University and in the later 1880s began work together at the Brown Institute and the National Hospital, Queen Square. In addition to important studies on vascular surgery, Ballance was involved in primate work on cerebral localization with lifelong friends Charles Beevor, Charles Sherrington, David Ferrier, and others. In June of 1887, Ballance assisted Horsley at Queen Square in the successful removal of an extramedullary spinal cord tumor. Horsley was about to abandon the operation, but his friend urged the removal of one lamina higher and the tumor was discovered. Ballance, a demonstrator in anatomy, realized the spinal cord segments lay higher in relation to the vertebral bodies than was generally appreciated. Ballance popularized the operation of radical mastoidectomy for advanced middle ear infection (1890), standardized an approach to drain or excise temporal brain abscesses, and was the first to clearly understand the neurological signs of cerebellar abscess (1894). Ballance also devised cranial base approaches to attack infectious thrombophlebitis of the lateral, petrosal, and cavernous sinuses. He was the first to completely remove an acoustic tumor (1894); 18 years later, the patient remained well. Ballance also drained a posterior fossa subdural hematoma (1906) and successfully sectioned the auditory nerve for Meniere's syndrome (1908). Ballance's operative experience with both supra- and infratentorial brain lesions included approximately 400 cases, which are detailed in his 1907 book, Some Points in the Surgery of the Brain and Its Membranes. His two-volume set, Essays on the Surgery of the Temporal Bone (1919), remains a brilliantly written and illustrated classic. Ballance was an expert on

  9. Precision determination of the pion-nucleon $\\sigma$-term from Roy-Steiner equations

    CERN Document Server

    Hoferichter, Martin; Kubis, Bastian; Meißner, Ulf-G

    2015-01-01

    We present a determination of the pion-nucleon ($\\pi N$) $\\sigma$-term $\\sigma_{\\pi N}$ based on the Cheng-Dashen low-energy theorem (LET), taking advantage of the recent precision data from pionic atoms to pin down the threshold $\\pi N$ amplitude as well as of constraints from analyticity, unitarity, and crossing symmetry in the form of Roy-Steiner equations to perform the extrapolation to the Cheng-Dashen point in a reliable manner. With isospin-violating corrections included both in the scattering lengths and the LET, we obtain $\\sigma_{\\pi N}=(59.1\\pm 1.9\\pm 3.0)$ MeV $=(59.1\\pm 3.5)$ MeV, where the first error refers to uncertainties in the $\\pi N$ amplitude and the second to the LET. Consequences for the scalar nucleon couplings relevant for the direct detection of dark matter are discussed.

  10. Matching pion-nucleon Roy-Steiner equations to chiral perturbation theory

    CERN Document Server

    Hoferichter, Martin; Kubis, Bastian; Meißner, Ulf-G

    2015-01-01

    We match the results for the subthreshold parameters of pion-nucleon scattering obtained from a solution of Roy-Steiner equations to chiral perturbation theory up to next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order, to extract the pertinent low-energy constants including a comprehensive analysis of systematic uncertainties and correlations. We study the convergence of the chiral series by investigating the chiral expansion of threshold parameters up to the same order and discuss the role of the \\Delta(1232) resonance in this context. Results for the low-energy constants are also presented in the counting scheme usually applied in chiral nuclear effective field theory, where they serve as crucial input to determine the long-range part of the nucleon-nucleon potential as well as three-nucleon forces.

  11. [Elderly residents in homes for the aged: adjustment in the light of Callista Roy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freitas, Maria Célia de; Guedes, Maria Vilani Cavalcante; de Galiza, Francisca Tereza; Nogueira, Jéssica de Menezes; Onofre, Marília Ribeiro

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the adaptation of elderly individuals voluntarily reside in Institution for the Aged (LTCF) in the city of Fortaleza-CE, based on the theoretical model of Roy. Descriptive study, in a IPLI involving thirteen elderly residents. Data collect was through interviews in the months of October and December 2011 and organized by thematic content analysis. The following themes has emerged: I Physical subdivided into body sensation and body image; Staff and I, subdivided into self-consistency and auto ideal be moral-ethical-spiritual. Thus, the option to live in ILPI not effectively changed the lives of elderly people. They managed to adapt to the local and coexist well with internal and external stimuli.

  12. Forward dispersion relations and Roy equations in $\\pi\\pi$ scattering

    CERN Document Server

    Kaminski, R; Ynduráin, F J

    2007-01-01

    We review results of an analysis of pipi interactions in S, P and D waves for two-pion effective mass from threshold to about 1.4 GeV. In particular we show a recent improvement of this analysis above the K anti-K threshold using more data for phase shifts and including the S0 wave inelasticity from pipi -> K anti-K. In addition, we have improved the fit to the f2(1270) resonance and used a more flexible P wave parametrization above the K anti-K threshold and included an estimation of the D2 wave inelasticity. The better accuracy thus achieved also required a refinement of the Regge analysis above 1.42 GeV. We have checked that the pipi scattering amplitudes obtained in this approach satisfy remarkably well forward dispersion relations and Roy's equations.

  13. Roy Adaptation Model: integrative review of studies conducted in the light of the theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lays Pinheiro de Medeiros

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to identify the scientific evidence about the components of the Roy Adaptation Model in the population studied in the light of this theory. Methods: this is an integrative literature review in databases of the Latin-American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Spanish Bibliographic Index on Health Sciences, Nursing Database, PubMed Central, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science, and SciVerse Scopus. The sample consists of 20 articles published between 2005 and 2013. Results: the three types of stimuli, 38 of 82 adaptive problems, the four adaptive modes, and the six steps of the nursing process were identified. Conclusion: there is need for further studies on this theory and that address the entire nursing process, culminating in the increase in specific nursing knowledge and affirmation of this science in health.

  14. Matching Pion-Nucleon Roy-Steiner Equations to Chiral Perturbation Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoferichter, Martin; Ruiz de Elvira, Jacobo; Kubis, Bastian; Meißner, Ulf-G.

    2015-11-01

    We match the results for the subthreshold parameters of pion-nucleon scattering obtained from a solution of Roy-Steiner equations to chiral perturbation theory up to next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order, to extract the pertinent low-energy constants including a comprehensive analysis of systematic uncertainties and correlations. We study the convergence of the chiral series by investigating the chiral expansion of threshold parameters up to the same order and discuss the role of the Δ (1232 ) resonance in this context. Results for the low-energy constants are also presented in the counting scheme usually applied in chiral nuclear effective field theory, where they serve as crucial input to determine the long-range part of the nucleon-nucleon potential as well as three-nucleon forces.

  15. High-Precision Determination of the Pion-Nucleon σ Term from Roy-Steiner Equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoferichter, Martin; Ruiz de Elvira, Jacobo; Kubis, Bastian; Meißner, Ulf-G.

    2015-08-01

    We present a determination of the pion-nucleon (π N ) σ term σπ N based on the Cheng-Dashen low-energy theorem (LET), taking advantage of the recent high-precision data from pionic atoms to pin down the π N scattering lengths as well as of constraints from analyticity, unitarity, and crossing symmetry in the form of Roy-Steiner equations to perform the extrapolation to the Cheng-Dashen point in a reliable manner. With isospin-violating corrections included both in the scattering lengths and the LET, we obtain σπ N=(59.1 ±1.9 ±3.0 ) MeV =(59.1 ±3.5 ) MeV , where the first error refers to uncertainties in the π N amplitude and the second to the LET. Consequences for the scalar nucleon couplings relevant for the direct detection of dark matter are discussed.

  16. Pion-nucleon scattering: from chiral perturbation theory to Roy-Steiner equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubis, Bastian; Hoferichter, Martin; de Elvira, Jacobo Ruiz; Meißner, Ulf-G.

    2016-11-01

    Ever since Weinberg's seminal predictions of the pion-nucleon scattering amplitudes at threshold, this process has been of central interest for the study of chiral dynamics involving nucleons. The scattering lengths or the pion-nucleon σ-term are fundamental quantities characterizing the explicit breaking of chiral symmetry by means of the light quark masses. On the other hand, pion-nucleon dynamics also strongly affects the long-range part of nucleon-nucleon potentials, and hence has a far-reaching impact on nuclear physics. We discuss the fruitful combination of dispersion-theoretical methods, in the form of Roy-Steiner equations, with chiral dynamics to determine pion-nucleon scattering amplitudes at low energies with high precision.*

  17. Roy's Adaptation Model-Based Patient Education for Promoting the Adaptation of Hemodialysis Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afrasiabifar, Ardashir; Karimi, Zohreh; Hassani, Parkhideh

    2013-07-01

    In addition to physical adaptation and psychosocial adjustment to chronic renal disease, hemodialysis (HD) patients must also adapt to dialysis therapy plan. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of Roy's adaptation model-based patient education on adaptation of HD patients. This study is a semi-experimental research that was conducted with the participation of all patients with end-stage renal disease referred to the dialysis unit of Shahid Beheshti Hospital of Yasuj city, 2010. A total of 59 HD patients were randomly allocated to two groups of test and control. Data were collected by a questionnaire based on the Roy's Adaptation Model (RAM). Validity and reliability of the questionnaire were approved. Patient education was determined by eight one-hour sessions over eight weeks. At the end of the education plan, the patients were given an educational booklet containing the main points of self-care for HD patients. The effectiveness of education plan was assessed two months after plan completion and data were compared with the pre-education scores. All analyses were conducted using the SPSS software (version 16) through descriptive and inferential statistics including correlation, t-test, ANOVA and ANCOVA tests. The results showed significant differences in the mean scores of physiological and self-concept models between the test and control groups (P = 0.01 and P = 0.03 respectively). Also a statistical difference (P = 0.04) was observed in the mean scores of the role function mode of both groups. There was no significant difference in the mean scores of interdependence modes between the two groups. RAM based patient education could improve the patients' adaptation in physiologic and self-concept modes. In addition to suggesting further research in this area, nurses are recommended to pay more attention in applying RAM in dialysis centers.

  18. Charles C. Fries and Discourse Analysis%Charles C. Fries与语篇分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈文革

    2012-01-01

    Charles C.Fries的贡献不仅在语言教育上,他的语言学理论在当时也独树一帜.讨论并分析了Fries的相关语篇分析思想.研究发现,Fries的语境观与Malinowski和同时期J.R.Firth的语境观大同小异.Fries的序列信号显示了他对话语衔接和连贯的看法,他的这些语篇分析思想对后来的超句子研究有着一定积极影响.有必要重新审视和评价Charles C.Fries对结构语言学的贡献.

  19. Seeing the unseen: Charles Bonnet syndrome revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nair, Aditya Gopinathan; Nair, Akshay Gopinathan; Shah, Bharat R; Gandhi, Rashmin Anilkumar

    2015-09-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is a rare condition that encompasses three clinical features: complex visual hallucinations, ocular pathology causing visual deterioration, and preserved cognitive status. Common associated ocular pathologies include age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, and cataracts. Several theories have been proposed to try to explain the visual hallucinations. However, the pathophysiology remains poorly understood, and treatment is largely based on anecdotal data. The lack of awareness of CBS among medical professionals often leads to inappropriate diagnosis and medication. In a country like India, where awareness of mental health is not widespread, cultural myths and stigma prevent patients from seeking professional help. Here we describe two cases of CBS and revisit different ocular morbidities that have been reported to occur in conjunction with CBS. Psychiatrists and ophthalmologists alike must be sensitive to this clinical condition to ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment.

  20. Recognizing Charles Bonnet syndrome in the elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Christina M; Hilas, Olga

    2009-04-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is an under-recognized and commonly misdiagnosed condition characterized by the presence of visual hallucinations that psychologically normal people acknowledge as being unreal. It is commonly associated with ocular pathology and usually observed in elderly individuals with visual impairment. The exact etiology of CBS is unknown; however, the presentation of hallucinations is believed to be a result of functional deterioration of the central and peripheral nervous systems. Eradication of hallucinations and recurrent episodes has been seen with the use of neuroleptic and anticonvulsant agents. Correction of underlying ocular disorders and low-vision rehabilitation may also help in the resolution of visions. Careful patient assessment is necessary to appropriately diagnose CBS and determine the best approach to management.

  1. "A Agathotopia de Charles Sanders Peirce"

    OpenAIRE

    Dib, Maria Augusta Nogueira Machado

    2008-01-01

    Se não pela via das crenças subjetivas psicológica e religiosa, como uma crença filosófica lógica objetiva pode atribuir ao amor, a função de lei sob a qual se dá o continnum desenvolvimento evolucionário da vida? Não afeita a imperativos categóricos ideológicos quer de ordem filosófico-moral e psicológica (como o kantiano), quer de ordem religiosa (como o cristão), a crença pragmaticista de Charles Sanders Peirce na ação instintiva para a vida em relação a tudo no Universo, es...

  2. [Charles Bonnet and Leibniz's notion of organism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duchesneau, François

    2003-01-01

    This article takes into account Leibniz's notion of organism and its impact on Charles Bonnet's Considérations sur les corps oganisés (1762). Leibniz adopted mechanical, dynamical and teleological views to explain the structure and function of living bodies. He stressed the idea of continuity in animal generation, and held a moderate version of preformation in the field of embryology. Organisms are the outcome of the combination of infinite series of microstructures and of their powers. Bonnet adhered to Leibniz's principle of continuity in his investigations on th reproduction of the polyps. It is therefore apparent, as shown by Bonnet, that in the late XVIIIth century, Leibniz's notion of life played an important role in life sciences.

  3. Charles Dickens (1812-1870) and epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larner, A J

    2012-08-01

    To coincide with the bicentenary of the birth of Charles Dickens (1812-1870), accounts of epilepsy found in his novels and journalism have been collated and analyzed. From these, it may be inferred that Dickens was clearly aware of the difference between epilepsy and syncope and recognized different types of epilepsy and that seizures could be fatal. Speculations that Dickens himself suffered from epilepsy are not corroborated. Dickens's novelistic construction of epilepsy as a marker of criminality, as in the characters of Monks in Oliver Twist and Bradley Headstone in Our Mutual Friend, and perhaps of mental abnormality, was in keeping with conventional contemporary views of epilepsy, but his journalistic descriptions of individuals with epilepsy confined in the workhouse system indicate an awareness of the inadequacy of their care. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Charles Dickens: impact on medicine and society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kryger, Meir

    2012-06-15

    In 1836 Charles Dickens published the first installment of The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club. In this novel he introduces the reader to a character, Joe, the Fat Boy who is obese, sleepy, difficult to arouse, snores, and has peripheral edema. This description so intrigued the medical field that many hypotheses about the symptoms were examined, but it was not until 120 years after the novel was published that physicians started to interrelate these features and a new field of medicine emerged. Although he is best known for this description, Dickens impacted medicine and medical care in many ways. Besides his brilliant clinical descriptions (many of which were unrecognized in his day) and his activities as a social reformer, he was instrumental in facilitating the development of homeless shelters for women, the first pediatric hospital in the United Kingdom, and the development of orthopedics.

  5. Charles Darwin and the origin of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peretó, Juli; Bada, Jeffrey L; Lazcano, Antonio

    2009-10-01

    When Charles Darwin published The Origin of Species 150 years ago he consciously avoided discussing the origin of life. However, analysis of some other texts written by Darwin, and of the correspondence he exchanged with friends and colleagues demonstrates that he took for granted the possibility of a natural emergence of the first life forms. As shown by notes from the pages he excised from his private notebooks, as early as 1837 Darwin was convinced that "the intimate relation of Life with laws of chemical combination, & the universality of latter render spontaneous generation not improbable". Like many of his contemporaries, Darwin rejected the idea that putrefaction of preexisting organic compounds could lead to the appearance of organisms. Although he favored the possibility that life could appear by natural processes from simple inorganic compounds, his reluctance to discuss the issue resulted from his recognition that at the time it was possible to undertake the experimental study of the emergence of life.

  6. "A Agathotopia de Charles Sanders Peirce"

    OpenAIRE

    Dib, Maria Augusta Nogueira Machado

    2008-01-01

    Se não pela via das crenças subjetivas psicológica e religiosa, como uma crença filosófica lógica objetiva pode atribuir ao amor, a função de lei sob a qual se dá o continnum desenvolvimento evolucionário da vida? Não afeita a imperativos categóricos ideológicos quer de ordem filosófico-moral e psicológica (como o kantiano), quer de ordem religiosa (como o cristão), a crença pragmaticista de Charles Sanders Peirce na ação instintiva para a vida em relação a tudo no Universo, es...

  7. Delirium superimposed on Charles Bonnet syndrome: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeager, Jennifer J

    2013-01-01

    Older adults with visual impairment may experience visual hallucinations in the setting of normal cognition and absence of psychiatric illness. This phenomenon is referred to as Charles Bonnet syndrome. Information concerning Charles Bonnet syndrome predominantly comes from case studies. Reassuring the person experiencing the hallucinations they are not suffering from psychosis constitutes the mainstay of treatment. What follows is the case of a vision impaired, older adult male with known Charles Bonnet syndrome, who, following emergency surgery and associated delirium while in the intensive care unit, experiences an aggressive change in hallucinations. Nurses need to understand the pathology and characteristics of Charles Bonnet syndrome in order to distinguish it from other pathologies underlying hallucinations. This knowledge is necessary to provide safe, patient-centered care for older adults.

  8. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge fence mapping and inventory

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Final report for a project at Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge (CMR) to GIS map refuge pasture boundaries and applying historic domestic livestock use to...

  9. Charles L. Brewer Award for Distinguished Teaching of Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This article announces the 2007 recipient of the Charles L. Brewer Award for Distinguished Teaching of Psychology: Baron Perlman. A brief biography, highlighting areas of special focus in Perlman's work, is provided.

  10. Minn fuq l-ixkaffa : program 4 : Charles Dickens

    OpenAIRE

    Grech, Sergio

    2006-01-01

    Sergio Grech together with author Trevor Zahra, look into the works of 17 famous world renowned authors, such as Charles Dickens, Paolo Coelho, Ha Jin, Jacqueline Wilson, William Shakespeare, Philip Pullman, Kundera and Kazuo Ishiguro just to mention a few.

  11. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge Wilderness proposal recommendations & analysis

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document contains information supporting and altering the proposal for designated wilderness located in the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge....

  12. Da pesquisa à prática de enfermagem aplicando o modelo de adaptação de Roy De la investigación a la práctica de enfermería mediante la aplicación del modelo de adaptación de Roy From research to nursing practice applying the Roy adaptation model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sónia Margarida Santos Coelho

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Os modelos e as teorias de enfermagem contribuem para o desenvolvimento do conhecimento em enfermagem, guiando as investigações no sentido do desenvolvimento da disciplina e, consequentemente, da prática. De acordo como o Modelo de Adaptação de Roy, a pessoa é vista como um ser adaptável com mecanismos que permitem a adaptação de comportamentos em resposta aos estímulos ambientais. De fato, a pessoa é o enfoque central dos cuidados de enfermagem, visando-se sempre a melhoria dos cuidados prestados baseados em investigação. A metodologia do Modelo de Adaptação de Roy baseia-se na aplicabilidade do processo de enfermagem, facilitando aos enfermeiros a coleta de dados, estabelecimento de objetivos e diagnósticos de enfermagem, a determinação de intervenções de enfermagem e a posterior avaliação do processo. Assim o objetivo desta pesquisa é realizar uma revisão crítica da aplicação do Modelo Adaptação de Roy aplicado à prática e à pesquisa em Enfermagem.Los modelos y teorías de enfermería contribuyen para el desarrollo del conocimiento en Enfermería, guiando las investigaciones para el desarrollo de la disciplina y, consecuentemente, de la práctica. De acuerdo con el Modelo de Adaptación de Roy se ve la persona como un mecanismo de adaptación que permite el ajuste del comportamiento en respuesta a estímulos ambientales. De hecho, la persona es el foco central de la atención de enfermería, buscando siempre el mejoramiento de la atención basada en la investigación. La metodología del Modelo de Adaptación de Roy se basa en la aplicación del proceso de enfermería, lo que facilita a las enfermeras para recopilar datos, establecer metas y diagnósticos de enfermería, la determinación de las intervenciones de enfermería y el proceso de evaluación posterior. Así, el objetivo de esta investigación es una revisión crítica de la aplicación del Modelo de Adaptación de Roy empleado para la práctica y la

  13. Historical evolution of the concept environment proposed in the Roy adaptation model Evolución histórica del concepto entorno propuesto en el modelo de la adaptación de Roy Evolução histórica do conceito ambiente proposto no modelo da adaptação de Roy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Venícios de Oliveira Lopes

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available The concern for the development of concepts becomes even more important when we report to its use in Nursing theories, in which some concepts are considered central, such as person, environment, health and nursing. This study aims to discuss the historical evolution of the environment concept used in the Roy Adaptation Model. The method of analysis the study was based on is the evolutionary conceptual analysis of the concept Environment of the Roy Adaptation Model. According to the research results, Environment is introduced as the second major concept in the Roy Adaptation Model. In this theorist's interpretation of the environment, we notice her interest in surpassing the mechanistic point of view upon which the first version of the model was based. The approach of the concept of interaction between people and groups seems to represent an improvement, influenced by the current thoughts that are preeminent in nursing.La preocupación con el desarrollo de conceptos se vuelve más importante cuando nos reportamos para su uso en teorías de Enfermería. En ellas, algunos conceptos son considerados centrales, tales como persona, ambiente, salud y enfermería. Este artículo visa examinar la evolución histórica del concepto de ambiente utilizado en el Modelo de Adaptación de Roy. El método de análisis en que el estudio fue basado es el análisis conceptual evolucionario del concepto Ambiente del Modelo de Adaptación de Roy. De acuerdo con los resultados del estudio, Ambiente es introducido como el segundo concepto más importante en el Modelo de Adaptación de Roy. En la interpretación que la teórica hace del ambiente, notamos su interés en ultrapasar el punto de vista mecanicista en que la primera versión del modelo era basada. La propuesta de interacción del concepto ambiente con personas y grupos parece representar una mejoría, influenciada por los pensamientos corrientes que son predominantes en la enfermería.A preocupação com o

  14. Charles bonnet syndrome: treating nonpsychiatric hallucinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Ngoc-Diem; Osterweil, Dan; Hoffman, Janice

    2013-03-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is characterized by recurrent or persistent complex visual hallucinations that occur in visually impaired individuals with intact cognition and no evidence of psychiatric illness. Patients usually retain insight into the unreal nature of their hallucinations.3,4 CBS is often misdiagnosed, and predominantly affects elderly patients with vision changes (e.g., age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, and cataract). While many require only the assurance of the benign nature of the hallucinations, nonpharmacological and pharmacological interventions have been reported to be useful in the treatment of CBS. This case involves an 83-year-old female, with a two-year history of CBS, who presented to the clinic with worsening visual hallucinations over the past few months. She was starting to lose insight into her hallucinations secondary to her new diagnosis of dementia. Several pharmacological agents were explored to determine the most appropriate choice for our patient. Ultimately, this patient was started on donepezil (reported to be successful in a CBS case report), which helped improve her cognitive function. At future follow-up visits, her hallucinations improved and her cognitive function stabilized. Pharmacists should be aware of CBS and its treatment options to properly assist physicians in the medication-selection process to alleviate distress experienced by patients with CBS. In patients who may benefit from pharmacological treatment, physicians should weigh the risks and benefits of the different treatment options. Donepezil can be a favorable option in CBS patients with Alzheimer's type dementia.

  15. Acute Charles Bonnet Syndrome following Hughes procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Michelle E; Pointdujour-Lim, Renelle; Lally, Sara; Shields, Carol L; Rabinowitz, Michael P

    2016-10-01

    A 69-year-old male experienced monocular formed visual hallucinations after occlusion of the right eye following resection of eyelid basal cell carcinoma and reconstruction with a Hughes procedure (tarsoconjunctival flap). His symptoms included recurrent, well-defined, organized, complex, formed images of small children playing in the snow. These visual phenomena occurred only in the occluded eye, began several hours after surgery, and recurred intermittently several times daily for 4 days, lasting several minutes with each occurrence. The patient retained insight into the false nature of the images throughout the duration of his symptoms, and the hallucinations resolved spontaneously while the flap was still in place. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS) following a Hughes procedure in a patient with normal visual acuity in the non-occluded fellow eye. Unlike other reported cases of acute onset CBS following transient monocular occlusion, hallucinations in the occluded eye remitted prior to restoration of vision in the occluded eye. Ophthalmologists should be aware of the potential for CBS following even transient monocular occlusion and should consider warning patients about its potential to occur.

  16. Charles Bachman Moore (1920-2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winn, William; Krehbiel, Paul

    2011-02-01

    Charles B. Moore passed away 2 March 2010 at the age of 89, following a long and varied scientific career in meteorology and the atmospheric sciences. He will be remembered best for his substantial contributions in the field of atmospheric electricity and for the students and faculty he guided as chairman of Langmuir Laboratory for Atmospheric Research and professor of physics at the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology. He possessed a unique sense of humor and an excellent memory that served as a reservoir of scientific and historical knowledge. Like many of his generation, Charlie's career was profoundly influenced by the Second World War. Following Pearl Harbor, he interrupted his undergraduate studies in chemical engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology to enlist in the Army Air Corps, where he became the chief weather equipment officer in the 10th Weather Squadron, setting up and operating remote meteorological stations behind enemy lines in the China-Burma-India theater. He served with distinction alongside Athelstan Spilhaus Sr., who had been one of Charlie's instructors in the Army meteorology program.

  17. Creative work. The case of Charles Darwin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruber, H E; Wallace, D B

    2001-04-01

    The evolving systems approach (ESA) addresses the need for direct study of the creative process in recognized creators at work, in contrast to indirect methods, such as those used in psychometric studies. The ESA emerged from H. E. Gruber's prolonged study of Charles Darwin's manuscripts, especially the notebooks he kept after the Beagle voyage. Gruber's interviews with J. Piaget about the latter's creative processes, as well as many doctoral dissertations, also helped shape the authors' approach. Using Gruber's (1974/1981) study of Darwin, the authors describe some facets of creative work identified in the course of their work. Among these are networks of enterprise, ensembles of metaphors, insights, and evolving belief systems. Although the ESA emphasizes cognitive processes, social, affective, and esthetic aspects of the case are not neglected. Each creative case is unique, otherwise the individual would not meet the criterion of originality. Uniqueness does not mean isolation; people who differ must and do work together. The integration of all these facets into a plausible system for each creator remains the authors' central task.

  18. The Charles Perkins Centre's Twins Research Node.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Lucas C; Craig, Jeffrey M; Hopper, John L; Carrick, Susan E

    2016-08-01

    Twins can help researchers disentangle the roles of genes from those of the environment on human traits, health, and diseases. To realize this potential, the Australian Twin Registry (ATR), University of Melbourne, and the Charles Perkins Centre (CPC), University of Sydney, established a collaboration to form the Twins Research Node, a highly interconnected research facility dedicated specifically to research involving twins. This collaboration aims to foster the adoption of twin designs as important tools for research in a range of health-related domains. The CPC hosted their Twins Research Node's launch seminar entitled 'Double the power of your research with twin studies', in which experienced twin researchers described how twin studies are supporting scientific discoveries and careers. The launch also featured twin pairs who have actively participated in research through the ATR. Researchers at the CPC were surveyed before the event to gauge their level of understanding and interest in utilizing twin research. This article describes the new Twins Research Node, discusses the survey's main results and reports on the launch seminar.

  19. Evolutionary plant physiology: Charles Darwin's forgotten synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutschera, Ulrich; Niklas, Karl J.

    2009-11-01

    Charles Darwin dedicated more than 20 years of his life to a variety of investigations on higher plants (angiosperms). It has been implicitly assumed that these studies in the fields of descriptive botany and experimental plant physiology were carried out to corroborate his principle of descent with modification. However, Darwin’s son Francis, who was a professional plant biologist, pointed out that the interests of his father were both of a physiological and an evolutionary nature. In this article, we describe Darwin’s work on the physiology of higher plants from a modern perspective, with reference to the following topics: circumnutations, tropisms and the endogenous oscillator model; the evolutionary patterns of auxin action; the root-brain hypothesis; phloem structure and photosynthesis research; endosymbioses and growth-promoting bacteria; photomorphogenesis and phenotypic plasticity; basal metabolic rate, the Pfeffer-Kleiber relationship and metabolic optimality theory with respect to adaptive evolution; and developmental constraints versus functional equivalence in relationship to directional natural selection. Based on a review of these various fields of inquiry, we deduce the existence of a Darwinian (evolutionary) approach to plant physiology and define this emerging scientific discipline as the experimental study and theoretical analysis of the functions of green, sessile organisms from a phylogenetic perspective.

  20. Charles Darwin: um observador do desenvolvimento humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eloisa Helena Rubello Valler Celeri

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Os autores traduzem, pela primeira vez para o português, o artigo de Charles Darwin "A Biographical Sketch of an Infant", publicado no periódico Mind em julho de 1877. Utilizando anotações de observações do desenvolvimento de seus filhos, especialmente de seu filho mais velho William Erasmus (Doddy, Darwin descreve e estuda, a partir de seu enfoque naturalista, o filhote humano, narrando os primeiros indicativos comportamentais de emoções tais como raiva e medo, curiosidade e senso moral, o brincar e o prazer envolvido nesta atividade, a capacidade de imitação e os primeiros indícios daquilo que hoje conhecemos como "teoria da mente". Colocando-se questões sobre as capacidades do bebê, como eles aprendem e como se comunicam e levantando hipóteses sobre possíveis significados de certos comportamentos, questões ainda hoje fundamentais para o estudo do desenvolvimento humano, Darwin mostra-se também um pioneiro no estudo do bebê e da criança pequena, numa época na qual as capacidades dos bebês eram extremamente subestimadas e desconsideradas.

  1. A METODOLOGIA DE CALLISTA ROY APLICADA EM CLIENTES SUBMETIDOS À INTERVENÇAO HEMODINÂMICA

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    Ivete Maroso Krauzer

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa, do tipo exploratório descritiva, que identificou o perfil de saúde dos clientes em tratamento hemodinâmico e desenvolveu o Processo de Enfermagem (PE, fundamentado em Callista Roy. Realizou-se com 52 clientes, no Centro de Hemodinâmica de um hospital privado, de fevereiro a maio de 2010. Utilizouse um questionário semiestruturado para coleta de dados. A maioria tinha mais de 60 anos, aposentados, casados, moradores de Chapecó, com ensino fundamental. Os fatores de risco principais foram: idade acima de 60 anos, a Hipertensão Arterial Sistêmica (HAS,obesidade e vida sedentária. Os principais diagnósticos de enfermagem foram: ansiedade relacionada à morte (100%; risco de dor aguda (85% e integridade da pele prejudicada (75%. Os resultados obtidos podem contribuir para a enfermagem embasar o cuidado no PE, identificar os fatores de risco, atuar na prevenção e num serviço de alta complexidade que exige conhecimentos especializados.

  2. Writing the Past: Le Roy Ladurie and the Voice of the New History

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    Philippe Carrard

    1985-09-01

    Full Text Available Just as in fiction, discursive strategies in history can reveal the very nature of a project. The positivist historiography that prevailed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries regarded historical facts as givens. Accordingly, it held as its ideal of writing the objective text, that is. the text from which the historian's mediation would be carefully erased. The New History, on the other hand, considers all research to be grounded in a researcher and seeks to indicate by various means that the text does not generate itself. In Carnival in Romans , for example, Le Roy Ladurie explicitly resorts to various facets of the "I": that of the histor , going about the job of uncovering the evidence: that of the commentator, providing historical parallels and explanations; and even that of the emotional self (Barthes' personne passionnelle , making judgments on events and people in the narrative. These changes in writing conventions point to the emergence of a new historical paradigm. At the same time, they overturn the view of the historical text as a non-problematic vehicle for reporting "reality": this text, for the New Historians, becomes a construct, and is presented as such.

  3. Forward dispersion relations and Roy equations in {pi}{pi} scattering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaminski, R. [Polish Academy of Sciences, Department of Theoretical Physics Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Krakow (Poland); Pelaez, J.R. [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Departamento de Fisica Teorica, II (Metodos Matematicos), Facultad de Ciencias Fisicas, Madrid (Spain); Yndurain, F.J. [Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Canto Blanco, Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Madrid (Spain)

    2007-03-15

    We first review the results of an analysis of {pi}{pi} interactions in S, P and D waves for the two-pion effective mass from threshold to about 1.4 GeV. In particular, we show a recent improvement of this analysis above the K anti K threshold using more data for phase shifts and including the S0-wave inelasticity from {pi}{pi}{yields}K anti K. In addition, we have improved the fit to the f{sub 2}(1270)-resonance and used a more flexible P-wave parametrization above the K anti K threshold and included an estimation of the D2-wave inelasticity. The better accuracy thus achieved also required a refinement of the Regge analysis above 1.42 GeV. Finally, in this work we check that the {pi}{pi} scattering amplitudes obtained in this approach satisfy remarkably well forward dispersion relations and Roy's equations. (orig.)

  4. Human-pet interaction and loneliness: a test of concepts from Roy's adaptation model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calvert, M M

    1989-01-01

    This research used two key concepts from Roy's adaptation model of nursing to examine the relationship between human-pet interaction and loneliness in nursing home residents. These concepts included (a) environmental stimuli as factors influencing adaptation and (b) interdependence as a mode of response to the environment. The hypothesis of this study asserted that the residents of a nursing home who had greater levels of interaction with a pet program would experience less loneliness than those who had lower levels of interaction with a pet. The study used an ex post facto nonexperimental design with 65 subjects. The simplified version of the revised UCLA loneliness scale was used to measure loneliness. Reported level of human-pet interaction was measured according to a four-point scale (1 = no interaction, 4 = quite a lot of interaction). The hypothesis was supported at the p less than 0.03 level of significance. Implications for practice through organizing pet programs in situations where loneliness exists are discussed. Recommendations for future research include replicating the study using a larger sample and developing a comprehensive human-pet interaction tool.

  5. LeRoy Meisinger, Part I: Biographical Tribute with an Assessment of His Contributions to Meteorology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, John M.

    1995-01-01

    LeRoy Meisinger was a U.S. Weather Bureau meteorologist and aeronaut who worked vigorously to bring meteorology to the aid of aviation in the post-World War 1 period. He was killed at the age of 29 in a scientific ballooning accident that has been detailed in a companion paper by Lewis and Moore. Meisinger's personality and scientific profile are reconstructed by examination of his oeuvre, which contains research contributions augmented by popular articles in the magazines of the period.Meisinger's personal characteristics were those of a quiet, scholarly man with strong interests in science, music, and art. His experiences as a Signal Corps weather officer during World War 1 inclined him toward a career in meteorology. While stationed at the Fort Omaha Balloon School, he became intrigued with the possibilities of using the tree balloon as a platform for tracking air currents.As a research meteorologist with the U.S. Weather Bureau after the war, Meisinger melded adventurous scientific ballooning with the more painstaking and arduous task of scrutinizing data from the limited upper-air network of kite stations. His principal research contribution was a form of differential analysis that extrapolated surface data to the 1- and 2-km levels by using climatological statistics from the upper-air network. The impressive line of research he pioneered at the bureau came to an immediate and abrupt end with his accidental death in 1924.

  6. Charles C. Fries' Thought of Context%Charles C.Fries的语境思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨林秀

    2008-01-01

    作为美国结构主义学派的创始人和代表人物之一,Charles C.Fries的语言学观点和研究方法与同时期的其他语言学家相比有许多不同,他在语言学及语言教学理论方面都作出了巨大贡献.他的语言学理论和语言教学理论中隐约显示了"语境"的思想,但后人很少提及.文章主要从Fries的语言交际观,对意义的阐释和分类,以及语言教学理论中"语境确定"三个方面来整理和介绍其语境思想,以期对Charles C.Fries有更全面和深刻的了解,同时也加深我们对美国结构主义学派的理解.

  7. Le Flaubert de Charles Du Bos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Neefs

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Charles Du Bos a porté une attention constante à l’œuvre de Flaubert (à l’exclusion de Bouvard et Pécuchet qui semble ne pas exister pour lui, à Madame Bovary et à L’Éducation sentimentale en particulier. La mise en relation de son étude : « Sur le milieu intérieur chez Flaubert », écrite en 1921, avec des textes du Journal de 1923 et de 1937, les rapprochements avec Gogol, Thomas Hardy, Tolstoï, Baudelaire, Henry James qui traversent les écrits de Du Bos, permettent de suivre ce que celui-ci décrit comme « l’expérience spirituelle » d’une matérialité comprise dans la conquête de la triple exigence du Beau, du Vivant et du Vrai. Du Bos décèle la force de l’œuvre de Flaubert dans la « disproportion » du style, et dans la puissance d’absorption qui fait la densité de cette prose, et qui désigne un extraordinaire travail de conversion. L’obscure expérience spirituelle ainsi poursuivie est celle d’un absolu de l’art, expérience paradoxale d’un « mystique qui ne croit à rien » (comme se désignait Flaubert lui-même, que le critique lie à une interrogation sur sa propre conversion.Charles Du Bos devoted an unflagging attention to Flaubert’s work (except for Bouvard et Pécuchet, which, apparently, according to him did not exist, to Madame Bovary and in particular L’Éducation sentimentale. The connection between his essay “Sur le milieu intérieur chez Flaubert”, written in 1921, and extracts from his Journal, from 1923 to 1937, the comparisons with Gogol, Thomas Hardy, Tolstoy, Baudelaire, and Henry James that run through the writings of Du Bos, allow us to follow what he terms “the spiritual experience” of a materiality encompassed in the conquest of the triple demand of the Beautiful, the Living, the Truth. Du Bos detects the power of Flaubert’s work in the “disproportion” of his style, and the power of absorption that forms the density of his prose, showing an

  8. Roy Ellen, Stephen J. Lycett, Sarah E. Johns, eds., 2013, Understanding Cultural Transmission in Anthropology: A Critical Synthesis New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clelia Viecelli

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available recensione: Roy Ellen, Stephen J. Lycett, Sarah E. Johns, eds., 2013, Understanding Cultural Transmission in Anthropology: A Critical Synthesis New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books di Clelia Viecelli

  9. [Charles Bonnet syndrome. A 45-case series].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos-Bueso, Enrique; Serrador-García, Mercedes; Porta-Etessam, Jesús; Rodríguez-Gómez, Octavio; Martínez-de-la-Casa, José M; García-Feijoo, Julián; García-Sánchez, Julián

    2015-04-16

    Introduccion. El sindrome de Charles Bonnet (SCB) es un cuadro clinico que se caracteriza por la presencia de alucinaciones visuales, principalmente complejas, en pacientes con estado cognitivo conservado e importante deterioro de la vision. El incremento del SCB se debe al aumento de la esperanza de vida y al desarrollo de patologias asociadas al envejecimiento, como la degeneracion macular asociada a la edad. Pacientes y metodos. Se estudian las caracteristicas de una serie de 45 pacientes diagnosticados de SCB en la unidad de neurooftalmologia del Hospital Clinico San Carlos. Los pacientes procedian de las unidades de patologia macular, glaucoma, superficie ocular y urgencias, en las que fueron diagnosticados de SCB, que se confirmo en la unidad multidisciplinar formada por oftalmologia, neurologia y psiquiatria del mismo hospital. Resultados. El 66,66% eran mujeres, de mas de 80 anos (68,88%), principalmente con degeneracion macular asociada a la edad (37,77%). Las alucinaciones que los pacientes presentaban con mas frecuencia eran personas y caras (35,55%), en color (66,66%), en movimiento (80%), con un tiempo de evolucion de 6-12 meses (26,66%), frecuencia de tres episodios al dia (35,55%) y de 3-5 minutos de duracion (35,55%). Conclusiones. El SCB es un complejo sindrome cuya incidencia se esta incrementando en nuestras consultas y que precisa un abordaje multidisciplinar entre oftalmologos, neurologos y psiquiatras para evitar diagnosticos erroneos y proporcionar un tratamiento adecuado. Son necesarios nuevos estudios para un conocimiento mas profundo y adecuado del SCB.

  10. Roy-Steiner equations for γγ→ ππ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoferichter, Martin; Phillips, Daniel R.; Schat, Carlos

    2011-09-01

    Starting from hyperbolic dispersion relations, we derive a system of Roy-Steiner equations for pion Compton scattering that respects analyticity, unitarity, gauge invariance, and crossing symmetry. It thus maintains all symmetries of the underlying quantum field theory. To suppress the dependence of observables on high-energy input, we also consider once- and twice-subtracted versions of the equations, and identify the subtraction constants with dipole and quadrupole pion polarizabilities. Based on the assumption of Mandelstam analyticity, we determine the kinematic range in which the equations are valid. As an application, we consider the resolution of the γγ→ ππ partial waves by a Muskhelishvili-Omnès representation with finite matching point. We find a sum rule for the isospin-two S-wave, which, together with chiral constraints, produces an improved prediction for the charged-pion quadrupole polarizability (α2-β2)^{π^{±}}=(15.3±3.7)× 10^{-4} fm5. We investigate the prediction of our dispersion relations for the two-photon coupling of the σ-resonance Γ σγγ . The twice-subtracted version predicts a correlation between this width and the isospin-zero pion polarizabilities, which is largely independent of the high-energy input used in the equations. Using this correlation, the chiral perturbation theory results for pion polarizabilities, and our new sum rule, we find Γ σγγ =(1.7±0.4) keV.

  11. Progress in the Charles Bonnet syndrome%Charles Bonnet综合征研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯言彬; 张亚林

    2012-01-01

    Charles Bonnet综合征(CBS)的主要特征为发生于非精神异常患者的复杂性幻视,患病率约为0.4%~40%.其病因学尚不明确,临床特征亦复杂多样,目前尚无有效药物治疗.及时诊断、合理解释将有助于缓解患者情绪.治疗方案仍有待进一步研究.本文将近年来有关CBS的研究进行综述.

  12. Charles Taylor y la democracia republicana Charles Taylor and Republican Democracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RENATO CRISTI

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo expone la teoría democrática de Charles Taylor. Taylor defiende una concepción tocquevilliana de la democracia que opone tanto al minimalismo democrático neoliberal, como al republicanismo democrático de Rousseau. Primero, consideramos su crítica a la democracia neoliberal y sus determinaciones conceptuales: atomismo, libertad negativa, procedimentalismo y bienes convergentes. Segundo, defiramos la "tesis republicana" de Taylor que presenta como la condición de posibilidad de una sociedad libre y autogobernada. Tercero, examinamos la desavenencia de Taylor con la homogeneización de intereses que el marxismo hereda de Rousseau. Finalmente, exploramos las posibilidades de aplicación de la teoría democrática de Taylor. Estudiamos su posible aplicación a dos economías en transición: Brasil y Chile.This paper examines Charles Taylor's democratic theory. Taylor defends a republican conception of democracy, which he opposes both to neoliberal democratic minimalism and to Rousseau and democratic republicanism. First, we consider his critique of neoliberal democracy and its conceptual determinations: atomism, negative freedom, proceduralism and. convergent goods. Second, we define Taylor's "republican thesis" which he presents as the condition of the possibility of agrees and self-governed society. Third, we study Taylor's disagreement with the homogenization of interests that Marxism inherits from Rousseau. Finally, we explore the possibility of applying Taylor's democratic theory. The case of Brazil and Chile are analyzed for this purpose.

  13. Like grandfather, like grandson: Erasmus and Charles Darwin on evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, C U M

    2010-01-01

    Last year (2009) marked the bicentenary of Charles Darwin's birth and the sesquicentenary of The Origin of Species. This article examines the influence of Erasmus Darwin on Charles's evolutionary thought and shows how, in many ways, Erasmus anticipated his much better-known grandson. It discusses the similarity in the mindsets of the two Darwins, asks how far the younger Darwin was exposed to the elder's evolutionary thought, examines the similarities and differences in their theories of evolution, and ends by showing the surprising similarity between their theories of inheritance. Erasmus's influence on Charles is greater than customarily acknowledged, and now is an opportune time to bring the grandfather out from behind the glare of his stellar grandson.

  14. [Visual hallucinations and giant cell arteritis: the Charles Bonnet syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloch, J; Morell-Dubois, S; Koch, E; Launay, D; Maillard-Lefebvre, H; Buchdahl, A-L; Hachulla, E; Rouland, J-F; Hatron, P-Y; Lambert, M

    2011-12-01

    In patients with visual hallucinations, diagnostic strategy is unclearly codified. In patients known to have giant cell arteritis, the main diagnostic assumption is disease relapse. Indeed, this should lead to rapid corticosteroid therapy. However, the Charles Bonnet syndrome, that is a poorly known etiology of visual hallucinations usually observed in elderly people, should be part of the differential diagnosis. We report a 87-year-old woman, with a 2-year history of giant cell arteritis who was admitted with an acute onset of visual hallucinations and who met all the criteria for Charles Bonnet syndrome.

  15. Identità e riconoscimento in Charles Taylor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Caputo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The model of the politic of difference, proposed by Charles Taylor, in the wake of a conception of liberalism ‘hospitable’, unfolds in a journey aimed to comply with the ontological dimensions of the dignity of different cultures, of cultural traditions and ways of life. Being a self, constructed in terms of dialogue and dialectic of mutual recognition between cultures, refers, in the Charles Taylor’s reflection, to the safeguarding of single, intersubjective or common meanings of specific social, moral, narrative spaces.

  16. Aproximación a los cuentos de Charles Nodier

    OpenAIRE

    Armellin Secchi, Giovanna

    2015-01-01

    El propósito de este artículo es contribuir al conocimiento de Charles Nodier (1780- 1844), un escritor francés poco conocido en la actualidad. Presentamos un breve estudio acerca de los cuentos escritos por este autor entre 1830 y 1840, una década en que Nodier produjo abundantes trabajos narrativos relacionados con el tema del sueño.The purpose of this artic\\e is to contribute to the knowledge of Charles Nodier (1780- 1844), a French writer who is not yet well known. We present a brief stud...

  17. Eosinophilic diseases in two Cavalier King Charles spaniels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    German, A J; Holden, D J; Hall, E J; Day, M J

    2002-12-01

    This report describes the clinical presentation of two Cavalier King Charles spaniels with different eosinophilic diseases. The first case presented with dyspnoea and a non-productive cough, and investigations demonstrated eosinophilic bronchopneumonopathy. The second dog was referred for the investigation of haemorrhagic vomiting and diarrhoea and was eventually diagnosed with eosinophilic enteritis. Both dogs had concurrent eosinophilic stomatitis, and both responded completely to immunosuppressive glucocorticoid therapy. This report is the first to describe the concurrence of eosinophilic stomatitis and systemic eosinophilic disease in Cavalier King Charles spaniels, and suggest that this breed may be predisposed to eosinophilic syndromes.

  18. A relação entre os modos adaptativos de ROY e a taxonomia de diagnósticos de enfermagem da NANDA La relación entre los modos adaptativos de ROY y la taxonomía de diagnósticos de enfermería de la NANDA The relationship among the adaptation modes of ROY and NANDA taxonomy of nursing diagnoses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Venícios de Oliveira Lopes

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available Estudo teórico-reflexivo objetivando estabelecer uma correlação entre a taxonomia de diagnósticos da NANDA e os modos adaptativos propostos por Roy. Foram definidas as relações entre os indicadores de adaptação positiva, os problemas comuns de adaptação propostos por Roy e os diagnósticos de enfermagem da NANDA. Os resultados nos permitiram perceber uma forte correspondência entre os conceitos existentes no modelo teórico estudado e a taxonomia de diagnósticos de enfermagem da NANDA. Concluímos que existe a possibilidade de operacionalizar o uso dos diagnósticos de enfermagem da NANDA tendo como base o processo de enfermagem fundamentado na teoria da Adaptação de Roy.Estudio teórico-reflexivo buscando establecer una correlación entre los diagnósticos de enfermería de la NANDA y los modos adaptativos propuestos por Roy. Fueron definidas las relaciones entre los indicadores de adaptación positiva, los problemas comunes de adaptación propuestos por Roy y los diagnósticos de enfermería de la NANDA. Los resultados permitieron ver una correlación fuerte entre los conceptos existentes en el modelo teórico estudiado y la taxonomía de la NANDA de diagnósticos de enfermería. Nosotros concluimos que existe la posibilidad de operacionalizar el uso de los diagnósticos de enfermería de la NANDA teniendo como base el proceso de enfermería basado en la teoría de la Adaptación de Roy.The present study is theoretical-reflexive with the purpose to establish a correlation between NANDA's taxonomy diagnoses and the adaptation modes proposed by Roy. Authors defined the relationships among the indicators of positive adaptation, the common problems of adaptation proposed by Roy and NANDA's nursing diagnoses. Results showed a strong correspondence between the existent concepts in the studied theoretical model and NANDA's taxonomy of nursing diagnoses. Authors concluded that there is a possibility of using NANDA's nursing diagnoses and

  19. Modelo de adaptación de Roy en el baño en cama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Flórez Ramos

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Evaluar los efectos de dos tipos de baño en cama: seco y tradicional, frente a la respuesta adaptativa en modo fisiológico de Roy en paciente crítico cardiovascular (pccv. Metodología: Estudio de diseño cuasi-experimental, de intervención con preprueba y posprueba, realizado en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (uci de la Clínica Medellín. El grupo experimental fue de 36 pacientes, a quienes se les realizó baño en cama seco; el grupo control fue de 36 pacientes, a quienes se les realizó baño en cama tradicional. Se utilizaron los estadísticos Wilcoxon, u de Mann Whitney y el Modelo de dos factores, con medidas repetidas en un factor. Resultados: Se encontró un efecto benéfico durante la realización del baño en cama en seco, puesto que los indicadores de tensión arterial y frecuencia respiratoria no presentaron respuestas inefectivas (p = 0,03 y p = 0,013, respectivamente. Por otra parte, las variables duración del baño y cuidados adicionales fueron satisfactorias en comparación con el baño en cama tradicional. Conclusiones: Los resultados permiten recomendar el uso del baño en cama en seco en paciente crítico cardiovascular (pccv, en virtud de los efectos benéficos que facilitan los procesos de adaptación, contribuyendo así a cualificar el cuidado de enfermería en este tipo de pacientes.

  20. Análise das respostas comportamentais ao câncer de mama utilizando o modelo adaptativo de Roy Análisis de las respuestas comportamentales al cáncer de mama a través del modelo adaptativo de Roy Analysis of behavioural responses to breast cancer using the Roy adaptation model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letícia Rosa Santos

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available O estudo analisa as respostas comportamentais das mulheres durante o tratamento do câncer de mama utilizando o Modelo de Adaptação de Roy. Estudos demonstram que o câncer e sua terapêutica podem gerar estímulos que irão interferir na sexualidade. Conhecer os mecanismos de enfrentamento destas mulheres deve ser uma preocupação dos profissionais que prestam assistência, para que se possa oferecer o cuidado integral. Trata-se de pesquisa qualitativa na qual foi realizada entrevista semiestruturada com cinco mulheres sexualmente ativas. Foram identificados problemas de adaptação nos modos relacionados ao autoconceito, desempenho de papéis e interdependência. Contudo, essas mulheres puderam superar tal situação e melhorar a adaptação à sua nova condição. Conclui-se que a utilização do modelo de adaptação de Roy foi apropriada, pois permitiu apreender as alterações relacionadas aos modos adaptativos e visualizar de forma concreta quais os focos para as intervenções de enfermagem.El estudio examina el uso del Modelo de Adaptación de Roy en la comprensión de las respuestas de comportamiento de las mujeres durante el tratamiento del cáncer de mama. Los estudios demuestran que el cáncer y su tratamiento pueden crear incentivos que puedan interferir con la sexualidad. Conocer a los mecanismos de supervivencia de estas mujeres debe ser una preocupación de los profesionales que prestan asistencia para que se pueda ofrecer una atención integral. Se trata de una investigación cualitativa llevada a cabo a partir de entrevistas semestructuradas con cinco mujeres sexualmente activas. Se identificaron problemas en las modalidades de adaptación relacionadas con el concepto de sí mismo, el juego de roles y la interdependencia. Sin embargo, estas mujeres pudieron superar tal situación y mejorar la adaptación a su nueva condición. Se concluye que el uso del modelo de adaptación de Roy era adecuado, teniendo permitido

  1. Pessoas com úlceras venosas: estudo do modo psicossocial do modelo adaptativo de Roy Personas con úlceras venosas: estudio de los aspectos psicosociales del modelo de adaptación de Roy People with venous ulcers: a study of the psychosocial aspects of the adaptive model of Roy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Katherinne Fernandes Costa

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Estudo transversal, descritivo, quantitativo, realizado com 50 pessoas com úlcera venosa (UV em um Hospital Universitário, que objetivou verificar o nível de adaptação psicossocial do Modelo de Roy das pessoas com UV. A pesquisa foi aprovada pelo Comitê de Ética da instituição. Os dados foram coletados com formulário estruturado e após a organização dos dados das alterações ocorridas na vida das pessoas com UV classificamos segundo o modo psicossocial de Roy. Verificamos que no modo autoconceito, 36% sentiam-se insatisfeitos com aparência física, 18% apresentavam sentimentos negativos; no modo desempenho de papéis: alteração no papel laboral (52,0%, atividades domésticas (34,0%, conjugal (6,0%, restrições de lazer, dor, social, escolar e locomoção (82,0%; no modo de interdependência: apoio no tratamento (82,0%, discriminação (58,0%. A identificação do modo psicossocial direciona as ações de enfermagem abrangendo a pessoa que recebe o cuidado considerando-a no todo em suas relações com ambiente promovendo melhor nível de adaptação.Estudio transversal, descriptivo, cuantitativo realizado con 50 personas con úlcera venosa (UV en el Hospital Universitario que objetivó conocer nivel de adaptación psicosocial del modelo de Roy de las personas con UV. Estudio aprobado por el Comité de Ética (nº 279/09. Los datos fueron recogidos mediante formulario y después de organizar los datos de los cambios en la vida de las personas con UV, fueron clasificados de acuerdo con los aspectos psicosociales de Roy. Verificamos en el modo de auto-concepto: 36% insatisfacción con apariencia física, 18% sentimientos negativos, desempeño de papel: cambio en el papel de trabajo (52,0%, tareas domésticas (34,0%, estado civil (6,0%, restricción de ocio, dolor, sociales, educativos y transporte (82,0%; modo de interdependencia: apoyo en el tratamiento (82,0%, discriminación (58,0%. La identificación de aspectos psicosociales

  2. Adaptación psicosocial de los adolescentes pos-trasplante renal, según la teoría de Roy Adaptação psicossocial do adolescente pós-trasplante renal segundo a teoria de Roy Psicosocial adaptation of post-renal transplanted adolescents according to Roy Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Luisa Brandão de Carvalho Lirax

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue conocer las repercusiones psicosociales del adolescente después del trasplante renal y los mecanismos de adaptación utilizados en su nueva condición de vida. Es un estudio cualitativo, mediante entrevistas estructuradas. Fueron entrevistados diecinueve adolescentes que estaban en acompañamiento en dos hospitales públicos de Ceará-Brasil, después de la aprobación del proyecto por parte del Comité de Ética de las Instituciones y obtención del consentimiento libre e informado. Los resultados fueron analizados conforme a la teoría de la adaptación de Roy. Se identificaron problemas de adaptación, como: limitación física, vergüenza, miedo al rechazo e impotencia. Sin embargo, esos adolescentes pudieron superar tal situación y mejorar la adaptación a su nueva condición. Concluimos que la teoría de Roy permitió un análisis más profundo de los adolescentes, permitiéndoles un tratamiento más eficaz y, consecuentemente, una mejor calidad de vida.É um estudo descritivo, com análise qualitativo. O objetivo deste trabalho foi conhecer as repercussões psicossociais do adolescente após o trasplante renal e os mecanismos adaptativos utilizados por estes na sua nova condição de vida. Foram entrevistados dezenove adolescentes que estavam em acompanhamento ambulatorial em dois hospitais públicos do Ceará-Brasil, após aprovação do projeto pelo Comitê de Ética das Instituições e obtenção do consentimento livre e esclarecido. Os resultados foram analisados conforme a teoria da adaptação de Roy. Foram identificados problemas de adaptação, como: limitação física, vergonha, medo de rejeição e impotência. Contudo, esses adolescentes puderam superar tal situação e melhorar a adaptação à sua nova condição. Concluímos que a teoria de Roy permitiu uma análise mais aprofundada desses adolescentes, permitindo lhes um tratamento mais eficaz e, conseqüentemente, uma melhor qualidade de

  3. W. R. Peltier Receives 2010 Charles A. Whitten Medal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickey, Jean O'Brien; Peltier, W. R.

    2011-01-01

    W. Richard Peltier was awarded the 2010 Charles A. Whitten Medal at the AGU Fall Meeting Honors Ceremony, held on 15 December 2010 in San Francisco, Calif. The medal is for “outstanding achievement in research on the form and dynamics of the Earth and planets.”

  4. Charles Bonnet Syndrome: An Often-Misunderstood Clinical Condition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Springer, Joseph M.

    2000-01-01

    This article discusses Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS), a disability in which the individual has visual hallucinations that are complex, persistent, or repetitive, retains full or partial insight into the unreality of the hallucinations, does not have hallucinations in other modalities, and does not have delusional ideation. (Contains 12…

  5. Charles Bonnet Syndrome: A Review of the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Farrell, Lauren; Lewis, Sandra; McKenzie, Amy; Jones, Lynda

    2010-01-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) commonly occurs in older adults with visual impairments, particularly those with age-related macular degeneration. It is characterized by complex visual hallucinations in individuals without mental disorders. The authors explore diagnostic criteria, demographic characteristics, clinical features, theories of…

  6. [A case of Charles Bonnet syndrome following syphilitic optic neuritis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogata, Hidenori; Shigeto, Hiroshi; Torii, Takako; Kawamura, Nobutoshi; Ohyagi, Yasumasa; Kira, Jun-ichi

    2011-08-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome refers to visual hallucinations in patients with visual acuity loss or visual field loss without dementia. We report a case of Charles Bonnet syndrome following syphilitic optic neuritis. A 62-year-old man was admitted to our hospital suffering acute bilateral visual loss in a few months. On admission, he was almost blind and his optic discs were found to be atrophic on fundoscopy. In addition to increased cell counts and protein concentration in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), serum and CSF rapid plasma reagin tests were positive. A diagnosis of syphilitic optic neuritis was made and he was treated with intravenous penicillin G (24 million units per day for 14 days) without any recovery. After treatment finished, he began to experience complex, vivid, elaborate and colored visual hallucinations. He recognized these visions as unreal and felt distressed by them. No cognitive impairment was observed on several neuropsychological tests. We diagnosed the patient as suffering from Charles Bonnet syndrome. Brain MRI revealed diffuse mild atrophy of the cerebral cortex and multiple T2 high signal intensity lesions in the deep cerebral white matter. Single photon emission computed tomography revealed decreased regional cerebral blood flow in bilateral medial occipital lobes. Administration of olanzapine resulted in a partial remission of visual hallucinations. Charles Bonnet syndrome following syphilitic optic neuritis is rare. In the present case, visual loss and dysfunction of bilateral medial occipital lobes may have triggered the visual hallucinations, which were alleviated by olanzapine.

  7. Autenticitet og kritisk sprogfællesskab hos Charles Taylor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Crone, Manni

    2002-01-01

    Lever vi i individualistiske samfund, hvor autenticitet og selvrealisering er blevet de højeste værdier? Den canadiske kommunitarist Charles Taylor argumenterer for, at selv om autenticitet og selvrealisering er vigtige værdier for det moderne menneske, kan en excessiv individualisme alligevel...

  8. An Analysis of the Charles F. Kettering Climate Profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, William L.; Johnson, Annabel M.

    1994-01-01

    A total of 1,311 administrators, teachers, staff, and students from an elementary, a junior high, and two high school campuses in a large school district completed the Charles F. Kettering School Climate Profile. Primary and secondary principal components analysis suggested subscales different from those given for the Kettering instrument. (SLD)

  9. 78 FR 37455 - Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Charles River, Boston, MA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-21

    ... regulation was published in the Federal Register (78 FR 35756) under the same name and docket number. This... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Charles River, Boston, MA...

  10. 78 FR 35756 - Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Charles River, Boston, MA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Charles River, Boston, MA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of temporary deviation from regulations. SUMMARY: The Commander,...

  11. [Medical services at Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle airport].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bargain, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    Charles-de-Gaulle airport in Roissy, a 3 400 hectare citadel, contains a multitude of airlines, service companies, businesses, retailers and public services, including firefighters, police officers, customs officers, ministers and medical teams. This article presents its missions, notably with regard to health services.

  12. Näljane vaim : sihi otsimine kaasaegses maailmas / Charles Handy

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Handy, Charles

    2002-01-01

    Kapitalistlik ühiskond ja raha on vahendid, mitte eesmärgid; eesmärgid peaks iga inimene püstitama endale ise, lähtuvalt oma sisetunnetusest. Lühendatud tõlge Charles Handy raamatust - "The Hungry Spirit Beyond Capitalism - a Quest of Purpose in the Modern World"

  13. Charles A. Triplehorn: an inordinate fondness for Darkling Beetles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles A. Triplehorn is an American entomologist, former President of the Entomological Society of America and the Coleopterists Society. He is recognized as a foremost world authority on Tenebrionidae and the present monograph on Tenebrionids and related Coleoptera is dedicated to him. In this int...

  14. Visions and Re-Visions of Charles Joseph Minard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friendly, Michael

    2002-01-01

    Describes the contributions of Charles Joseph Minard to statistical graphics, noting the time course of his work and providing background on his famous effort, the flow-map depiction of Napoleon's march on Moscow. Explores some modern re-visions of this famous graphic from an information visualization perspective. (SLD)

  15. Multiple Voices in Charles Van Riper's Desensitization Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leahy, Margaret M.

    2008-01-01

    Background: Charles Van Riper (1905-94) author, researcher and practitioner, was one of the major contributors to the field of stuttering in the 20th century. His series of Action Therapy videotapes provide a useful model of how therapy was implemented by a master clinician. Aims: Van Riper's session with a client is analysed to reveal how voices…

  16. The Self According to Allan Bloom and Charles Reich.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aspy, David N.; Aspy, Cheryl B.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the works of Charles Reich and Allan Bloom that have helped to shape current social and political debate concerning self theory. Both Reich and Bloom were concerned with the relationship between self and environment. Argues that it is important to insure that its cultural role of self theory is clearly interpreted and applied. (MKA)

  17. The Enigma of Charles H. McCloy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    English, Eleanor B.

    1983-01-01

    The philosophy of Charles H. McCloy, a noted physical educator, is examined using a structuring model devised by William Frankena. From this perspective, McCloy's views appear holistic, focusing on social, character, and aesthetic concerns, as well as on the physical. (PP)

  18. Pharmacological effects of strictosamide on Charles River mice

    OpenAIRE

    Morais,Júlio; Candeias, Fátima; Pereira, António; Abreu, Pedro

    2002-01-01

    In previous publications we reported the isolation of indole alkaloids from the stem bark and roots of Sarcocephalus latifolius (Smith) Bruce (Nauclea latifolia Sm.)(Rubiaceae) collected in Guinea-Bissau, as well as antiplasmodial activity of its main constituent, strictosamide, wich accounts for 11% of the total ethanol extract. In this communication we present the pharmacological effects os strictosamide on Charles River mice.

  19. Complete works of Charles-François Sturm

    CERN Document Server

    Pont, Jean-Claude

    2009-01-01

    Based on lectures presented at a colloquium held in Geneva in 2003 to honour the 200th birth anniversary of Charles Francois Sturm, this book focuses on his own work. It presents his collected papers and, carries contributions from experts with an aim to re-open topics like differential equations, optics and algebraic curves.

  20. The Performance Career of Charles Dickens: An Annotated Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gentile, John Samuel

    Offered in response to the broad appeal of Charles Dickens's performance career to various disciplines, this annotated bibliography lists 40 resources concerned with Dickens's success as a performer interpreting his literary works. The resources are categorized under books, theses and dissertations, articles in scholarly journals, nineteenth…

  1. An Analysis and Implementation of Charles Dickens' Sole Curricular Writing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanna, Robert C.

    This paper examines the curriculum Charles Dickens wrote for his children, an "easy account" of selections from the New Testament. Dickens designed the curriculum to make this material accessible and meaningful to his children prior to schooling under the direction of other teachers, tutors, or governesses, and earlier than the language…

  2. Charles L. Brewer award for distinguished teaching of psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    The American Psychological Foundation (APF) Charles L. Brewer Award for Distinguished Teaching of Psychology recognizes an outstanding career contribution to the teaching of psychology. The 2010 recipient of the Distinguished Teaching Award is Bernard C. Beins. This article recognizes his life achievement in the area of psychology.

  3. 49 CFR 372.209 - Lake Charles, LA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... and is comprised of all points as follows: (a) The municipality of Lake Charles, La., itself; (b) All... are east of Louisiana Highway 27 (western section); (d) All of any municipality any part of which is... any municipality wholly surrounded, or so surrounded except for a water boundary, by the...

  4. Could Charles Darwin Teach Psychology in the 1980s?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rigby, Marilyn K.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses the implications of Charles Darwin's personal and professional history for an academic career in psychology. Relationships between his theoretical position and the content of an introductory psychology course he might teach and how he might fare in a contemporary academic environment are sketched in this fictionalized account.…

  5. Scientific Cousins: The Relationship between Charles Darwin and Francis Galton

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fancher, Raymond E.

    2009-01-01

    This article traces the personal as well as the intellectual and scientific relationship between Charles Darwin and his younger half-cousin Francis Galton. Although they had been on friendly terms as young men, and Darwin had in some ways been a role model for Galton, the two did not share major scientific interests until after the publication of…

  6. Charles AlIen Reed, 1912·2000

    OpenAIRE

    Turnball, William D.; Barbara Becker

    2002-01-01

    Some researchers are true "Renaissance People". Their interests, skills and training represent an enormous breadth,and their pursuits exemplify the best of interdisciplinary efforts. Archaeology, anthropology, the University of Illinois at Chicago, and The Field Museum recently lost just such a fine scholar, dedicated investigator and loyal friend - Charles Allen Reed 11.

  7. Mr. Charles Kleiber, State Secretary for Science and Research, Switzerland

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    Photo 01 : Mr Charles Kleiber, State Secretary for Science and Research, Switzerland visiting the TI8 tunnel. From l to r: Prof. Luciano Maiani, CERN Director-General, Mr Guy Hentsch, Chef de Cabinet, Mr Jean-Luc Baldy, Head of the LHC civil engineering group, Mr Charles Kleiber, State Secretary for Science and Research, Switzerland and Mr Jean-Pierre Ruder, Swiss Delegate to CERN Council. Photo 02 : Visit to the TI8 tunnel by Mr Charles Kleiber, State Secretary for Science and Research, Switzerland (third from left) with l. to r. Mr Jean-Luc Baldy, Head of the LHC civil engineering group; Prof. Luciano Maiani, CERN Director-General; Dr Jean-Pierre Ruder, Swiss Delegate to CERN Council; Dr Guy Hentsch, Chef de Cabinet; Mr Michel Buchs and Mr Frédéric Chavan, representatives of the firm Prader Losinger, Groupement ATIC responsible for the civil engineering work. Photo 03: From l to r: Mr Jean-Pierre Ruder, Swiss Delegate to CERN, Prof. Luciano Maiani, CERN Director-General, Mr Charles Kleiber, State Secretar...

  8. David E. Smith Receives 2012 Charles A. Whitten Medal: Citation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Roger J.

    2013-01-01

    David E. Smith was awarded the 2012 Charles A. Whitten Medal at the AGU Fall Meeting Honors Ceremony, held on 5 December 2012 in San Francisco, Calif. The medal is for "outstanding achievement in research on the form and dynamics of the Earth and planets."

  9. Näljane vaim : sihi otsimine kaasaegses maailmas / Charles Handy

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Handy, Charles

    2002-01-01

    Kapitalistlik ühiskond ja raha on vahendid, mitte eesmärgid; eesmärgid peaks iga inimene püstitama endale ise, lähtuvalt oma sisetunnetusest. Lühendatud tõlge Charles Handy raamatust - "The Hungry Spirit Beyond Capitalism - a Quest of Purpose in the Modern World"

  10. Education and Utopia: Robert Owen and Charles Fourier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leopold, David

    2011-01-01

    The aims of education, and the appropriate means of realising them, are a recurring preoccupation of utopian authors. The utopian socialists Robert Owen (1771-1858) and Charles Fourier (1772-1837) both place human nature at the core of their educational views, and both see education as central to their wider objective of social and political…

  11. Scientific Cousins: The Relationship between Charles Darwin and Francis Galton

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fancher, Raymond E.

    2009-01-01

    This article traces the personal as well as the intellectual and scientific relationship between Charles Darwin and his younger half-cousin Francis Galton. Although they had been on friendly terms as young men, and Darwin had in some ways been a role model for Galton, the two did not share major scientific interests until after the publication of…

  12. Could Charles Darwin Teach Psychology in the 1980s?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rigby, Marilyn K.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses the implications of Charles Darwin's personal and professional history for an academic career in psychology. Relationships between his theoretical position and the content of an introductory psychology course he might teach and how he might fare in a contemporary academic environment are sketched in this fictionalized account.…

  13. Charles Darwin: His Life, Journeys and Discoveries. A Teacher's Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overy, Caroline

    This handbook aims to: (1) introduce teachers and pupils to Charles Darwin, his life and work at Down House, his voyage on the Beagle, and his evolutionary theory; (2) set his ideas within the wider context of the 19th century; (3) link the subject areas to the British National Curriculum, particularly in history, science, and English at various…

  14. 76 FR 20033 - Robert Charles Ley, D.O. ; Dismissal of Proceeding

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-11

    ... Enforcement Administration Robert Charles Ley, D.O. ; Dismissal of Proceeding On September 28, 2009, I, the... Immediate Suspension of Registration (``Order'') to Robert Charles Ley, D.O. (Respondent), of Kihei, Hawaii... Order to Show Cause and Immediate Suspension of Registration issued to Robert Charles Ley, D.O, be,...

  15. Charles Correa e il Mandala. Un altro "mindset" / Charles Correa and the Mandala. Another mindset

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela Schirra

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available A partire dall’hyper-local Correa intercetta l’innovazione e lascia la sua lectio. “Usando con disinvoltura l’antico mandala come base per un edificio contemporaneo, è possibile arrivare ad un concetto completamente nuovo di organizzazione di sequenze spaziali”.* Un dispositivo reiterato e da reiterare secondo un sistema di ‘mondi di mondi’, sviluppato secondo la tecnica del ‘incastro’ e fondato sul presupposto del ‘vuoto’ come organizzatore e generatore spaziale. / Starting from the hyper-local Charles Correa intuit the innovation and leaves his lectio. "Using the ancient mandala as the freewheeling basis of a contemporary building, made possible a completely new way of structuring spatial sequences, unlike anything else we had done before”.* It is a device repeated and to reiterate according to a system of ‘worlds of worlds’, developed using the technique of the ‘interlock’ and based on the premise of the ‘void’ as an organizer and generator of the space.

  16. Educar na autenticidade em Charles Taylor = Educating in the authenticity in Charles Taylor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Foschiera, Rogério

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Analiso a perspectiva tayloriana da autencidade através de uma hermenêutica de suas principais obras para propor o significado de educar na autencticidade a partir de Charles Taylor. Com autencidade e ontologia moral Taylor apresenta uma antropologia ancorada na moral e na ontologia. Com autencidade e epistemologia se percebe que a perspectiva da autencidade não exclui o paradigma científico, mas necessita de outros paradigmas, principalmente do hermenêutico. Com autencidade e linguagem evidencio a compreensão de Taylor sobre a natureza da linguagem e o destaque que ele dá á definição de ser humano como "animal portador de logos", bem como o significado e as decorrências da perspectiva expressivista. Duas políticas: a da igualdade de direitos de todos e a do reconhecimento das diferenças estão integradas na perspectiva tayloriana da autencidade. Necessariamente, o ser humano, para ser autêntico, estará em constante referência a horizontes de sentido que transcendem o indivíduo, é o que apresento com autencidade e transcendência

  17. A relação entre os modos adaptativos de ROY e a taxonomia de diagnósticos de enfermagem da NANDA La relación entre los modos adaptativos de ROY y la taxonomía de diagnósticos de enfermería de la NANDA The relationship among the adaptation modes of ROY and NANDA taxonomy of nursing diagnoses

    OpenAIRE

    Marcos Venícios de Oliveira Lopes; Thelma Leite de Araújo; Dafne Paiva Rodrigues

    1999-01-01

    Estudo teórico-reflexivo objetivando estabelecer uma correlação entre a taxonomia de diagnósticos da NANDA e os modos adaptativos propostos por Roy. Foram definidas as relações entre os indicadores de adaptação positiva, os problemas comuns de adaptação propostos por Roy e os diagnósticos de enfermagem da NANDA. Os resultados nos permitiram perceber uma forte correspondência entre os conceitos existentes no modelo teórico estudado e a taxonomia de diagnósticos de enfermagem da NANDA. Concluím...

  18. [Charles Bonnet syndrome: case reports and short review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagoudis, A; Bozikas, V

    2011-01-01

    Charles Bonnet first described visual hallucinations in a ground of visual deprivation in the 18th century. In this paper, two case reports with the syndrome are presented (female 83 years old, male 68 years old) along with a short literature review. The distinction of the syndrome from other psychiatric disorders (delirium, dementia), where visual hallucinations are also present, demands the presence of the diagnostical triad: visual hallucinations, visual impairment, intact cognitive status. The hallucinations are rich in colors and tension, people usually have the "leading roles" and patients mostly are curious, enjoy the hallucinations and are not afraid of them. More often hallucinations appear after acute visual impairment and in older patients. There are several theories concerning the mechanisms that lead to the syndrome. The Charles Bonnet syndrome appears to be self-restricted and there are no clear guidelines regarding its treatment.

  19. Occipital lobe epilepsy presenting as Charles Bonnet syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown-Vargas, Damaris; Cienki, John J

    2012-11-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome describes visual field or acuity loss with complex hallucinations. This typically occurs in the elderly with preexisting visual impairment. We describe a patient who presented to the emergency department with acute hemianopsia and intermittent complex hallucinations. A 57-year-old man was referred for visual field loss and hallucinations. Chief complaint was “seeing little heads of people” and a right-sided visual loss. The patient was alert, oriented, and able to repeat and name and had fluent speech. On cranial nerve examination, he had 20/20 visual acuity and right homonymous hemianopsia. The patient had normal laboratory examination and electrocardiogram results. Results of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the head with contrast were negative. Standard 30-minute electroencephalography revealed near-continuous epileptiform discharges in the left occipital lobe. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of new-onset seizure presenting as Charles Bonnet syndrome.

  20. Charles C.Fries与语篇分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈文革

    2012-01-01

    Charles C.Fries的贡献不仅在语言教育上,他的语言学理论在当时也独树一帜。讨论并分析了Fries的相关语篇分析思想。研究发现,Fries的语境观与Malinowski和同时期J.R.Firth的语境观大同小异。Fries的序列信号显示了他对话语衔接和连贯的看法,他的这些语篇分析思想对后来的超句子研究有着一定积极影响。有必要重新审视和评价Charles C.Fries对结构语言学的贡献。

  1. Art and literature in the anatomy of Charles Bell.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chikwe, J

    1994-08-01

    The artistic gifts of Sir Charles Bell (1774-1842) directed the course of his life's work. There is a fairly extensive literature on the discoveries of Bell in neurology and myology but comparatively poorly documented are the ways in which Bell exploited his aesthetic talents and erudition to communicate his findings to others. This study attempted to answer the question; how did Bell use art and literature to teach anatomy? The problem is all the more interesting because, in keeping with the spirit of education and improvement of the day, Charles Bell did not limit himself to addressing the medical profession but spoke to a wider public, dwelling on artists in particular. Bell's oil paintings and drawings, and the early editions of his written works, as well as their reviews in the contemporary press formed the main source material of this study.

  2. Charles Darwin's Reception in Germany and What Followed.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Axel Meyer

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available 150 years ago, Heinrich Bronn provided in the first German translation of Charles Darwin's Origin of Species a rather liberal interpretation, even adding his own view of Darwin's ideas in an additional 15th chapter. Ernst Haeckel widely popularized his view of Darwinian evolution based on his reading of this translation. This was long seen - probably incorrectly - as the intellectual root of social Darwinism in Germany.

  3. 纪念达尔文%In Memeory of Charles Darwin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路甬祥

    2009-01-01

    @@ 今年是达尔文(Charles Robert Darwin,1809-1882)诞辰200周年,也是发表150周年.世界各地都在纪念这位进化论的创始人,因为他不仅是生物学史上划时代的人物,是科学史上的巨匠,而且也是一位人类思想史上的伟人.

  4. [Mental health in Pointe-St-Charles : towards collective responsibility.].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanchet, L

    1978-01-01

    The Pointe St-Charles Community Clinic is a popular, user-run clinic, where psychiatric treatment is integrated into the services of the medical-social teams, and where, more globally, an attitude of a collective responsability for mental health is beginning to develop as a result of the active involvement, on the part of both clinic workers and users, in the social change process and the optimal use of the natural community ressource network.

  5. American Notes : Charles Dickens's Version of Gulliver's Travel

    OpenAIRE

    Amano,Miyuki

    2012-01-01

    The present paper clarifies how Charles Dickens devised a method and satirical style similar to that used in Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels, by examining the common features of Dickens's American Notes and Gulliver's Travels. "Custom familiarizes one to anything," Dickens the traveler says in American Notes. He bitterly criticizes customs both in America and in England, and most importantly, warns against the kind of familiarization which makes people narrow-minded, insensitive, and impe...

  6. CHARLES SANDERS PEIRCE’S CONCEPT OF SIGN

    OpenAIRE

    Özmakas, Utku

    2009-01-01

    The concept of “sign” is one of the key concepts in the philosophy of language. As is well known, American philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce’s thought about this concept is very important in the “history of sign”. The main aim of this study is to explain Peirce’s principal distinctions and categorizations in connection with the concept of sign, by focusing especially on some terms such as “icon”, “index” and “symbol”.

  7. The Biography of Doctor Charles Laugier (1875-1830).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinu, Elena Steluţa

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the life and works of the famous doctor, hygienist, folklore researcher and sanitary mentor, Charles Laugier, whose contribution to the development of the medical system of Oltenia marked the beginning of the 20th century. He is noted for his research in hygiene, in the treatment of some diseases like: tuberculosis, malaria, pellagra, and also as the founder of numerous societies which contributed to the cultural and scientific development of the region of Oltenia and even of its small localities.

  8. Manfred Girbardt and Charles Bracker: outstanding pioneers in fungal microscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartnicki-Garcia, Salomon

    2015-01-01

    Midway through the twentieth century, the availability of new and improved optical and electronic microscopes facilitated rapid advances in the elucidation of the fine structure of fungal cells. In this Essay, I pay tribute to Manfred Girbardt (1919-1991) and Charles Bracker (1938-2012)—two individuals who, despite being separated by geography and the restrictions of the Cold War, both made equally fundamental discoveries in fungal cell ultrastructure and set high standards for specimen manipulation and image processing.

  9. Astronaut Charles Conrad trims hair of Astronaut Paul Weitz

    Science.gov (United States)

    1973-01-01

    Astronaut Charles Conrad Jr., Skylab 2 commander, trims the hair of Astronaut Paul J. Weitz, Skylab 2 pilot, during the 28-day Skylab 2 mission in Earth orbit. They are in the crew quarters wardroom of the Orbital Workshop of the Skylab 1 and 2 space station. Weitz is holding a vacuum hose in his right hand. This picture was taken by Scientist-Astronaut Joseph P. Kerwin, Skylab 2 science pilot.

  10. Charles Dickens and the movement for sanitary reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litsios, Socrates

    2003-01-01

    Charles Dickens's adult life parallels the period when the movement for sanitary reform took root in England. Although he was not one of its leaders, he became in time one of its most outspoken advocates. This essay describes Dickens's growing involvement in the sanitary movement and looks at one of the most important ways he supported it--articles published in his weekly journal Household Words

  11. Charles Dickens: the man, medicine, and movement disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoffer, Kerrie L; O'Sullivan, John D

    2006-11-01

    Nineteenth-century Victorian novelists played an important role in developing our understanding of medicine and illness. With the eye of an expert clinician, Charles Dickens provided several detailed accounts of movement disorders in his literary works, many of which predated medical descriptions. His gift for eloquence, imagery, and precision attest not only to the importance of careful clinical observation, but also provide an insightful and entertaining perspective on movement disorders for modern students of neuroscience.

  12. Charles Dickens: observer of sleep and its disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cosnett, J E

    1992-06-01

    Using the characters of his novels as the canvas, Charles Dickens painted vivid word pictures of a variety of manifestations of sleep and its disorders. These were presumably based on the author's own experiences and those of family and friends. Dickens was, himself, a self-confessed episodic insomniac. For this he devised the unique therapy of long night walks. This article illustrates, by a few selected quotations, this hitherto unpublicized aspect of the author's life and works.

  13. Astronaut Joseph Kerwin takes blood sample from Astronaut Charles Conrad

    Science.gov (United States)

    1973-01-01

    Scientist-Astronaut Joseph P. Kerwin (right), Skylab 2 science pilot and a doctor of medicine, takes a blood sample from Astronaut Charles Conrad Jr., Sylab 2 commander, as seen in this reproduction taken from a color television transmission made by a TV camera aboard the Skylab 1 and 2 space station cluster in Earth orbit. The blood sampling was part of the Skylab Hematology and Immunology Experiment M110 series.

  14. What psychology students know and believe about Charles Darwin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapp, T; Rasmussen, C; Wagner, M J

    1997-12-01

    204 introductory and 154 advanced students in psychology were asked about their knowledge of Charles Darwin and endorsement of belief statements about the status of evolutionary theory. Advanced students had higher scores than introductory students on three of six multiple-choice knowledge items and differed from them on all six statements of belief as assessed by chi 2. Advanced students appear to know more about evolutionary theory but may be less inclined to endorse its relevancy to psychology.

  15. Charles Darwin and the 1835 earthquake at Concepcion, Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spall, H.

    1981-01-01

    On a stormy night in October 1836, H.M.S Beagle hove to and dropped anchor at Falmouth, a remote harbor in southwest England. Charles Darwin, the ship's naturalist, came ashore to take the mail coach to Shrewsbury. This was inauspicious end to an epic 5-year voyage around the coast of South America, the results of which were to have a tumultuous impact on scientific thought that has lasted to this day. 

  16. Conmemoración de Charles Darwin (1882

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Mantegazza

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Tres semanas después de la muerte del biólogo y naturalista inglés, Paolo Mantegazza pronunció el 21 de mayo de 1882 su "Conmemoración de Charles Darwin celebrada en el Real Instituto de Estudios Superiores en Florencia". Traducción de Juan Pérez Andrés.

  17. Once subtracted Roy-like dispersion relations and a precise analysis of $\\pi\\pi$ scattering data

    CERN Document Server

    Garcia-Martin, R; Peláez, J R; Ynduráin, F J

    2009-01-01

    We report our progress on the data analysis of $\\pi\\pi$ scattering data in terms of Forward Dispersion Relations (FDR), as well as Roy equations (RE) and their once-subtracted counterpart, GKPY equations. The first part of the analysis consists of independent fits to the different $\\pi\\pi$ channels. The GKPY equations provide a more stringent consistency check for the parametrizations of the S0-wave data in the region from 400 to 1100 MeV, In the second part we present our preliminary analysis where the fits are constrained to satisfy all dispersion relations within errors, including the new GKPY Eqs., thus providing a very precise and model independent description of data using just analyticity, causality and crossing.

  18. Effect of an Educational-Supportive Program Based on Roy Adaptation Model on Marital Satisfaction in Mastectomy Patients Receiving Chemotherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samira Shahed

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Regarding nurses' significant role in improving quality of marital life in mastectomy patients and their families, implication of the adaptation model can help nurses reaching this goal. Aim: This study aimed to determine Effect of an educational-supportive program based on Roy This quasi-experimental study was performed on 69 mastectomy patients receiving chemotherapy in 2013 in clinical services in Tehran, Iran. The samples were randomly allocated to two groups. The data collection instrument was ENRICH Marital Satisfaction scale (2011. In the experimental group, maladaptive behaviors and their stimuli were determined by the questionnaire, and then adaptive strategies were implemented in 45 days. The program was based on support (patients instruction, peer group, weblog, meeting with the participants’ spouses, and three-month follow-up using behaviors checklist. Control group patients received the regular treatment sessions. T-test, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, and Chi-square tests were run, using SPSS version 19. Results: In experimental group, paired sample t-test reflected an increase in marital satisfaction from 24.7±2.6 before to 32.9±3.5 after the intervention (P=0.03. However, no significant differences were observed in the control group from 26/7±4/6 before to 26/5±4/8 after the intervention in this regard (P=0/63.   Implications for Practice: Roy Adaptation Model can be used as a framework for designing educational-supportive programs to improve quality of marital life in mastectomy patients receiving chemotherapy.

  19. Modelo de adaptación de Roy en un ensayo clínico controlado Modelo de adaptação de Roy em um ensaio clínico controlado Roy Adaptation Model in a Controlled Clinical Test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Villamizar Carvajal

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: establecer el proceso para usar un modelo conceptual de enfermería como guía en un ensayo clínico controlado. Metodología: inicia con la presentación del contenido de las directrices del modelo conceptual para la investigación, seguido del desarrollo del proceso investigativo, para finalizar con la construcción de una estructura conceptual-teórica-empírica sobre el tema específico de investigación. Resultados: el desarrollo del proceso se hizo a través del modelo de adaptación de Roy, en un ensayo clínico controlado que aplicó la estimulación multisensorial auditiva, táctil, vestibular y visual en el recién nacido prematuro, para mejorar la eficiencia en la alimentación. Siendo indicadores de adaptación, la frecuencia cardíaca y la saturación de oxígeno durante la alimentación, la cantidad tomada de alimento y el tiempo invertido para la toma, el número de succiones durante la alimentación, la ganancia de peso diaria y el número de días en la transición de la alimentación por sonda a la alimentación por vía oral. Discusión: el ensayo clínico controlado basado en el modelo de adaptación de Roy demuestra su utilidad para la sustentación científica de la promoción de la salud del recién nacido prematuro a través de la intervención de enfermería, mediante la estimulación multisensorial con pautas específicas, que sirven de guía para la práctica en las unidades neonatales, convirtiéndose de esta manera en un paso esencial en el avance científico, base de la disciplina de la enfermería. Conclusión: el uso de un modelo conceptual como guía en la investigación simplifica el entendimiento del fenómeno a estudiar.Objetivo: estabelecer o processo para usar um modelo conceptual de enfermagem como guia em um ensaio clínico controlado. Metodologia: inicia com a apresentação do conteúdo das diretrizes do modelo conceptual para a pesquisa, seguido do desenvolvimento do processo de pesquisa para

  20. A Dutch Confederate: Charles Liernur Defends Slavery in America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael J. Douma

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In the 1850s and 1860s, Dutch immigrants in America struggled to square their racial views with the politics of slavery in their new country. The historiography of the Dutch world would benefit from incorporating this story, because it is often in moments of conflict when the most explicit expressions of ideology present themselves. The letters of Charles Liernur, a Dutch-born Confederate, provide a unique insight into the mind of an explicit supporter of slavery in an American context. How and why a Dutchman could defend slavery is the primary question this article addresses. Building on Liernur’s story, this article also challenges the standard view that Dutch Americans were natural opponents of slavery. Instead, they held diverse and ambiguous views, shaped in part by the circumstances of their settlement.Een Nederlandse Confederate: Charles Liernur verdedigt slavernij in AmerikaIn de jaren vijftig en zestig van de negentiende eeuw hadden Nederlandse immigranten in Amerika grote moeite een standpunt in te nemen met betrekking tot de slavernij. Een analyse daarvan lijkt van belang voor de Nederlandse geschiedschrijving, omdat ideologische overtuigingen vaak tijdens conflicten op scherpe wijze uitgedragen worden. De brieven van Charles Liernur, een Nederlandse ‘Confederate’, bieden een unieke blik op de denkwereld van eenuitgesproken voorstander van de slavernij. Hoe en waarom kon een Nederlander zo fel de slavernij verdedigen? Dat is de centrale vraag waarop dit artikel een antwoord probeert te geven. Het verhaal van Liernur laat zien dat de gangbare visie, dat Nederlandse Amerikanen van nature tegenstanders van de slavernij waren, niet klopt. Immigranten hadden veeleer uiteenlopende en ambigue meningen over slavernij, bepaald door de omstandigheden waarmee ze in hun nieuwe vaderland te maken kregen.

  1. Visual hallucinations (Charles Bonnet syndrome) associated with neurosarcoidosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jason; Waisbren, Emily; Hashemi, Nafiseh; Lee, Andrew G

    2013-01-01

    The Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) refers to lucid and complex visual hallucinations in cognitively normal patients with acquired vision loss. It can be associated with any type of vision loss including that related to macular degeneration, corneal disease, diabetic retinopathy, and occipital infarct. Neurosarcoidosis, a multi-systemic inflammatory granulomatous disease affecting both the central and peripheral nervous systems, is rarely associated with CBS. We report a patient with biopsy-confirmed neurosarcoidosis who experienced visual hallucinations following the development of a right seventh-nerve palsy, right facial paresthesia, and bilateral progressive visual loss. This case highlights the importance of recognizing that the CBS can occur in visual loss of any etiology.

  2. Charles Bonnet syndrome in a Borneo Iban tribesman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabri, R; Yasin, Y

    2009-01-01

    A 31-year-old man Charles Bonnet syndrome is a condition usually seen in the visually-impaired elderly, causing complex visual hallucinations in the absence of any delirium, dementia or psychiatric illness. We report an elderly man, with blindness in one eye and a cataract in the other, from the Iban tribe, which is indigenous to the island of Borneo. He presented with a three-week history of vivid hallucinations of burglars intruding on his living quarters in the longhouse where he lived.

  3. Commentary on visual hallucinations and Charles Bonnet syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benaur, Marina; Kahn, David

    2011-03-01

    The authors comment on two case reports of visual hallucinations due to non-psychiatric disorders: retinal detachment in a patient with schizophrenia, and Charles Bonnet syndrome. The physiology of visual misperception is reviewed, based on abnormalities along various points from the eye to the optic tracts to the occipital cortex. The approach to patients with visual hallucinations should include not only an evaluation for psychiatric disorders, but also an appreciation of possible non-psychiatric causes that may have major ramifications for care and potentially for preservation of sight.

  4. Eye-related visual hallucinations: consider 'Charles Bonnet syndrome'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cinar, Nilgun; Sahin, Sevki; Karsidag, Sibel

    2011-01-01

    The Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS) is typically characterized by visual hallucinations in elderly people without cognitive defects. This article presents the case of an 80-year-old male patient with a one-year history of visual hallucinations, secondary to glaucoma, in both eyes. Neither a dopamine agonist nor cholinesterase inhibitor therapy improved his symptoms. In this case, the hallucinations were gradually improved after administration of a GABAergic drug, pregabalin, for diabetic polyneuropathy. Placebo-controlled clinical trials would be needed to support this effect of pregabalin, as suggested by this association.

  5. Insights into the life and work of Sir Charles Sherrington.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molnár, Zoltán; Brown, Richard E

    2010-06-01

    Much of the original historical data behind the greatest discoveries in neuroscience are now lost. However, a recently rediscovered box of histological slides belonging to Sir Charles Sherrington, a pioneer in spinal cord and motor control research, has survived at the University of Oxford since 1936. Sherrington coined the term 'synapse', developed the concept of inhibition in neuronal function, demonstrated the integration of sensory and motor actions of the nervous system, and examined the synaptic activity of single neurons and their integration into neuronal circuits. Here, we explore Sherrington's lifetime of discoveries, with reference to histological specimens from his box of slides.

  6. KONSEP SEMIOTIK CHARLES JENCKS DALAM ARSITEKTUR POST-MODERN

    OpenAIRE

    Murdiati, Dwi

    2016-01-01

    AbstractThe aims of this work are to know and to explain Charles Jencks’ semiotic concept of postmodern architecture. In one hand, Jencks’ postmodern architecture is criticism on modern and modern-late architecture. Jencks stresses on both differences that modern and modern-late architecture are based on a single coding only and postmodern architecture is based on double coding in their style. In other one, Jencks’ postmodern architecture is a semiotic entity that has to seen as a sign.This r...

  7. Astronaut Charles Conrad checks out Human Vestibular Function experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    1973-01-01

    Astronaut Charles Conrad Jr., commander of the first manned Skylab mission, checks out the Human Vestibular Function, Experiment M131, during Skylab training at JSC. Conrad is in the work and experiments compartment of the crew quarters of the Skylab Orbital Workshop (OWS) trainer at JSC. The reference sphere with a magnetic rod is used by the astronaut to indicate body orientation non-visually. The litter chair in which he is seated can be rotated by a motor at its base or, when not being rotated, can tilt forward, backward or to either side.

  8. Relational ethics in the novels of Charles Williams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vande Kemp, H

    1987-06-01

    In the novels of Charles Williams, characters are faced with the mundane but profound choice between "charity and selfishness," the City and Infamy. Williams' "way of exchange" and "doctrine of substitution" have direct parallels in contextual family therapy. In Descent Into Hell, he explores the long-term effects of legacy and the balancing of the relational ledger through the process of "substituted" love. In All Hallows' Eve, the focus is on forgiveness and the opportunity to correct relational mistakes while one is in a purgatorial state. Both novels include parallel processes of relational stagnation/disjunction and rejunction, illustrating the fact that our simple, everyday choices have ultimate significance.

  9. 传奇酿酒师Charles Smith

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lok Chan

    2010-01-01

    @@ 接下来要介绍的是来自WALLA WALLA的另一个庄园主兼酿酒师:疯狂的Charles Smith. 可能读者们会觉得笔者用了疯狂来形容一位远道而来的庄园主不够尊重,但请大家相信笔者,绝对没有不敬的意思.不信?那大家就来认识一下这位疯狂的庄主吧!

  10. Charles Dickens and the Cat Paw Letter Opener

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jenny Pyke

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the sensory expectations around Victorian taxidermy, beginning with Charles Dickens’s letter opener made from the paw of his favourite cat and moving to a discussion of 'Our Mutual Friend'. I suggest that in a mid-Victorian moment in which work and laziness are polarized as the available moral, economic, and social categories, a desire for stillness, a space that is neither work nor laziness, exists in the encounter with taxidermied animals. The taxidermied animal allows energy and stillness to coexist.

  11. Images of Spatial Representations in Charles Dickens's New York

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tzu Yu Allison Lin

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Agnes Calder claims that Charles Dickens came back from America, ‘heartily disillusioned’ (Dickens 8. In this paper, through reading American Notes (1842, I see the image of spatial representation in the city of New York. On the surface, the city shows Dickens’s eye of observation, revealing the dark side of the city. And yet, Dickens’s writing expresses more than what he sees. Dickens’s image of New York, I argue, is not only a ‘realistic’ account of what things look like, but a true realisation of how he feels about himself, and about the country in which he was situated in.

  12. Images of Spatial Representations in Charles Dickens's New York

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tzu Yu Allison Lin

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Agnes Calder claims that Charles Dickens came back from America, ‘heartily disillusioned’ (Dickens 8. In this paper, through reading American Notes (1842, I see the image of spatial representation in the city of New York. On the surface, the city shows Dickens’s eye of observation, revealing the dark side of the city. And yet, Dickens’s writing expresses more than what he sees. Dickens’s image of New York, I argue, is not only a ‘realistic’ account of what things look like, but a true realisation of how he feels about himself, and about the country in which he was situated in.

  13. Charles E. Rosenberg and the multifaceted promise of medical history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevens, Rosemary A

    2008-10-01

    Charles E. Rosenberg has had a major influence in defining the history of medicine as a field. However, critics who focus on his leadership or "school" in terms of defined scholarly perspectives, including those of social history and the framing of disease, offer inadequate descriptions of the messages, breadth, and scope of his scholarly work as a whole. Shoehorning the history of medicine into prescribed patterns in order to build a more unitary discipline would weaken rather than strengthen the field and is not in the Rosenberg tradition.

  14. A strange horn between Paolo Mantegazza and Charles Darwin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garbarino, Carla; Mazzarello, Paolo

    2013-09-01

    During the preparation of an exhibition in Pavia dedicated to the centennial anniversary of the death of the Italian Pathologist Paolo Mantegazza, a strange cheratinic horn was found at the Museum for the History of the University of Pavia labelled as 'spur of a cock transplanted into an ear of a cow.' After some historical investigation, we found this strange object was at the centre of a scientific correspondence between Mantegazza and Charles Darwin, who made reference to it in his book The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. CHARLES R. DARWIN Y EL DESARROLLO DE LA CREATIVIDAD (

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miranda Garnier Ximena

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:Los 200 años del nacimiento de Charles R. Darwin y los 150 años de la publicación de su libro “El origen de las especies” recuerdan la importancia de la creatividad y de comprender cómo se desarrolla. En este ensayo, analizo la autobiografía de Charles Darwin y concluyo que la creatividad en su vida surgió por interacción entre cualidades personales y una serie de circunstancias. En el análisis, sobresalen elementos que incluyen curiosidad, crecer cerca de la naturaleza, gusto por la lectura y el aprendizaje autónomo, la presencia de buenos mentores, disciplina, experiencia en los métodos de trabajo científico, disposición para establecer una red de científicos, y pasión por lo que se hace. Estos fueron elementos clave para su impacto en biología, geología, psicología, filosofía e incluso en nuestra percepción general del mundo. Se hacen reflexiones para educadores con la intención de promover el desarrollo de la creatividad en nuestros niños, niñas y jóvenes.Abstract:The 200th anniversary of Charles R. Darwin´s birth and the 150th of the publication of his “Origin of Species” remind us of the importance of creativity, and of understanding its development. In this essay, I analyze the autobiography of Charles Darwin and conclude that his creativity resulted from a series of personal qualities and circumstances. The key elements I found include curiosity, growing near nature, passion for reading and for autonomous learning, the role of good mentors, discipline, a disposition to establish a network with other scientists, experience with scientific methods, and passion for what he did. The presence of these elements in his life resulted in his transforming biology, geology, psychology, philosophy, and even our general perception of the world. Reflections for educators are presented with the intention of promoting the development of creativity in our children and youth.

  16. Charles Richet: medical scientist, innovator, peace thinker and savant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewer, Nick

    2006-01-01

    This article looks at the life of Professor Charles Richet (1850-1935), a distinguished medical scientist who received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1913 for his work on anaphylaxis. He was also an aeroplane engineer, an investigator of psychic phenomena, active in the medical and international peace movement as a member of the leading peace organisations of the time including the International Medical Association for the Suppression of War, and the French Peace League. He also promoted controversial views about eugenics and the means of constructing what he considered to be a strong and healthy society.

  17. Advertising eugenics: Charles M. Goethe's campaign to improve the race.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoenl, William; Peck, Danielle

    2010-06-01

    Over the last several decades historians have shown that the eugenics movement appealed to an extraordinarily wide constituency. Far from being the brainchild of the members of any one particular political ideology, eugenics made sense to a diverse range of Americans and was promoted by professionals ranging from geneticists and physicians to politicians and economists.(1) Seduced by promises of permanent fixes to national problems, and attracted to the idea of a scientifically legitimate form of social activism, eugenics quickly grew in popularity during the first decades of the twentieth century. Charles M. Goethe, the land developer, entrepreneur, conservationist and skilled advertiser who founded the Eugenics Society of Northern California, exemplifies the broad appeal of the eugenics movement. Goethe played an active role within the American eugenics movement at its peak in the 1920s. The last president of the Eugenics Research Association,(2) he also campaigned hard against Mexican immigration to the US and he continued open support for the Nazi regime's eugenic practices into the later 1930s.(3) This article examines Goethe's eugenic vision and, drawing on his correspondence with the leading geneticist Charles Davenport, explores the relationship between academic and non-academic advocates of eugenics in America. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  18. Charles Olivier and the rise of meteor science

    CERN Document Server

    Taibi, Richard

    2017-01-01

    This fascinating portrait of an amateur astronomy movement tells the story of how Charles Olivier recruited a hard-working cadre of citizen scientists to rehabilitate the study of meteors. By 1936, Olivier and members of his American Meteor Society had succeeded in disproving an erroneous idea about meteor showers. Using careful observations, they restored the public’s trust in predictions about periodic showers and renewed respect for meteor astronomy among professional astronomers in the United States. Charles Olivier and his society of observers who were passionate about watching for meteors in the night sky left a major impact on the field. In addition to describing Olivier’s career and describing his struggles with competitive colleagues in a hostile scientific climate, the author provides biographies of some of the scores of women and men of all ages who aided Olivier in making shower observations, from the Leonids and Perseids and others. Half of these amateur volunteers were from 13 to 25 years of...

  19. CHARLES R. DARWIN Y EL DESARROLLO DE LA CREATIVIDAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ximena Miranda Garnier

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Los 200 años del nacimiento de Charles R. Darwin y los 150 años de la publicación de su libro "El origen de las especies" recuerdan la importancia de la creatividad y de comprender cómo se desarrolla. En este ensayo, analizo la autobiografía de Charles Darwin y concluyo que la creatividad en su vida surgió por interacción entre cualidades personales y una serie de circunstancias. En el análisis, sobresalen elementos que incluyen curiosidad, crecer cerca de la naturaleza, gusto por la lectura y el aprendizaje autónomo, la presencia de buenos mentores, disciplina, experiencia en los métodos de trabajo científico, disposición para establecer una red de científicos, y pasión por lo que se hace. Estos fueron elementos clave para su impacto en biología, geología, psicología, filosofía e incluso en nuestra percepción general del mundo. Se hacen reflexiones para educadores con la intención de promover el desarrollo de la creatividad en nuestros niños, niñas y jóvenes.

  20. Abordagem assistencial ao neonato portador de mielomeningocele segundo o modelo de adaptação de Roy Abordaje asistencial al neonato portador de mielomeningocele según el modelo de adaptación de Roy Care delivery to newborns with myelomeningocele according to Roy's adaptation model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eloah de Paula Pessoa Gurgel

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo de caso foi identificar os diagnósticos de Enfermagem de um bebê portador de mielomeningocele, internado na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal (UTIN, abordando os aspectos fisiológicos segundo a Teoria de Adaptação de Roy, e elaborar ações de enfermagem pertinentes a estes aspectos. O estudo foi desenvolvido na UTIN da Maternidade Escola Assis Chateaubriand, na cidade de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil, nos meses de dezembro de 2007 a março de 2008, quando foi utilizado um roteiro de levantamento de dados. Na análise, reconheceram-se os diagnósticos: padrão respiratório ineficaz; nutrição desequilibrada: menos do que as necessidades corporais; integridade da pele prejudicada; risco para infecção e percepção sensorial perturbada. A utilização desta teoria permitiu reconhecer que o RN pode desencadear respostas positivas ou negativas mediante estímulos, e que as metas e intervenções implementadas foram importantes para a substituição de respostas ineficazes por respostas adaptativas.El objetivo de este estudio de caso fue identificar los diagnósticos de Enfermería, abordando los aspectos fisiológicos según la Teoría de Adaptación de Roy, de un bebé portador de mielomeningocele, internado en la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal (UTIN, y elaborar acciones de enfermería pertinentes a tales aspectos. El estudio fue desarrollado en al UTIN de la Maternidad Escuela Assis Chateubriand, en la ciudad de Fortaleza-Ceará-Brasil, en los mese de diciembre de 2007 a marzo de 2008, momento en el cual fue utilizado un cuestionario para la colecta de datos. En el análisis, se reconocieron los diagnósticos: patrón diagnóstico ineficaz, nutrición desequilibrada (inferior a las necesidades corporales, integridad de la piel afectada, riesgo de infección y percepción sensorial perturbada. La utilización de esta teoría permitió reconocer que el RN puede desencadenar respuestas positivas o negativas a

  1. Afrontamientos de enfermeras al asumir la gerencia escolar: una mirada desde la teoría de Roy O afrontamento das enfermeiras ao assumirem a gerência escolar: um olhar a partir da teoria de Roy Confrontation of nurses when assuming the school management: a look from Roy's adaptation theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Olizbeth Salinas Alvirde

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación aborda la transición gerencial de las instituciones educativas de médicos a enfermeras con objetivo de delimitar mecanismos de afrontamiento y modos adaptativos al iniciar la gestión en el entorno académico. Se realizó estudio cualitativo de corte histórico-social sustentado por la teoría de adaptación de Roy. Los sujetos estudiados fueron las primeras profesoras que ocuparon la dirección de escuelas universitarias de enfermería, a través de entrevistas se recolectaron los datos. Los resultados revelaron que la incursión de enfermeras permitió abordar el proceso salud-enfermedad de manera distinta al acto médico, lo que significó generar mecanismos de afrontamiento para trabajar en la construcción de paradigmas que conformarán un pensamiento profesional y visión disciplinaria propia, a través de un plan de estudio solido. Concluímos que se renovaron los métodos de trabajo, creándose nuevos niveles académicos, especializaciones y titularidades en las materias en base a sacrificio y dedicación, iniciándose su autonomía profesional.Esta pesquisa aborda a transição gerencial das instituiçðes educativas de médicos às enfermeiras, com o objetivo de delimitar mecanismos de afrontamento e modos adaptativos ao iniciar a gestão no âmbito acadêmico. Realizou-se um estudo qualitativo de abordagem histórico-social, orientado pela teoria de adaptação de Roy. Os sujeitos estudados foram as primeiras professoras que ocuparam a direção das escolas universitárias de enfermagem; os dados foram recoletados por meio de entrevistas. Os resultados revelaram que a incursão de enfermeiras permitiu abordar o processo saúde-doença de maneira distinta ao ato médico, o que significou gerar mecanismos de afrontamento para trabalhar na construção de paradigmas que conformarão um pensamento profissional e uma visão disciplinar própria, a partir de um plano de estudo sólido. Concluiu-se que se renovarão os

  2. Assistência de enfermagem a portadores de anemia falciforme, à luz do referencial de Roy Atención de enfermería a portadores de anemia falciforme apoyada en el modelo conceptual de Roy Nursing care to patiens with sickle cell disease in the light of Roy's model

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    Maria Lúcia Ivo

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo busca aplicar os conceitos do modelo de Adaptação de Roy para identificar os comportamentos (adaptativos e inefetivos de pacientes portadores de anemia falciforme, bem como os estímulos focais, contextuais e residuais responsáveis por tais comportamentos. A coleta de dados foi realizada no Ambulatório de Hemoglobinopatias do HCFMRP-USP. Foram sujeitos 9 pacientes (8 mulheres e 1 homem. Evidenciou-se, no modo fisiológico, o comportamento inefetivo de baixa oxigenação e suas conseqüências (desenvolvimento físico comprometido, retardo sexual, icterícia por hemólise, alterações respiratórias. No modo psicossocial, o autoconceito teve a diminuição da auto-estima como o comportamento mais destacado; o desempenho de papel foi caracterizado por mudanças de ocupação; quanto à interdependência, a mãe foi referida como o outro significante mais freqüente. Identificou-se, predominantemente, como estímulo causador dos comportamentos inefetivos, a vaso-oclusão. Verificou-se que a função fisiológica afetada altera os outros modos adaptativos.Este estudio busca aplicar los conceptos del modelo de adaptación de Roy para identificar los comportamientos (adaptativos e inefectivos de pacientes portadores de anemia falciforme, así como también como los estímulos focales, contextuales y residuales responsables por estos comportamientos. La recolección de datos fue realizada en la consulta externa de Hemoglobinopatias del HCFMRP-USP. Fueron sujetos 9 pacientes (8 mujeres y 1 hombre. Los resultados evidenciaron, en el modo fisiológico, el comportamiento inefectivo de baja oxigenación y sus consecuencias (desarrollo físico comprometido, retardo sexual, ictericia por hemólisis, alteraciones respiratorias. En el modo psicosocial y considerando el autoconcepto, fue observada la disminución de la auto estima como el comportamiento más destacado; el desempeño del rol fue caracterizado por cambios de ocupaci

  3. Adaptación en pacientes con diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2, según Modelo de Roy

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    Margarita Lazcano-Ortiz

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Determinar la influencia entre estímulos focales y contextuales, y la adaptación fisiológica y psicosocial en personas con diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 (DMT2. Material y método. El diseño fue descriptivo, transversal, predictivo. El muestreo fue probabilístico, sistemático. La muestra con 200 participantes de ambos géneros de 30 a 65 años, se determinó para un 95% de confianza, con una potencia de prueba de 90%. Resultados. Los resultados mostraron que el tiempo desde diagnóstico explicó la adaptación fisiológica F (1,198 = 9,18, p = ,003. Se observó efecto entre complicaciones y adaptación psicosocial F (4,195 = 4,97, p = ,001, con un coeficiente de determinación del 74%. Los estímulos contextuales influyeron en la adaptación fisiológica y psicosocial, F (6,193 = 2,89, p = ,010, y F (6, 193 = 2,41, p = ,029. Conclusiones. Los resultados de este estudio permiten sugerir relaciones entre las proposiciones teóricas propuestas y derivadas del Modelo de Adaptación de Roy, particularmente entre los estímulos y la adaptación fisiológica y psicosocial en pacientes con diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2.

  4. Problemas adaptativos segundo Roy e diagnósticos fundamentados na CIPE® em hipertensos com doenças associadas

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    Denizielle de Jesus Moreira Moura

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente estudo foi identificar os problemas adaptativos e estímulos fundamentados no modelo teórico de Roy, bem como os diagnósticos de enfermagem segundo a CIPE® Versão 1. Estudo de casos múltiplos, realizado com 45 hipertensos com doenças associadas assistidos em uma unidade de saúde da Secretaria Executiva Regional V - Fortaleza. Dentre os problemas adaptativos identificados o sedentarismo é o mais presente (84,4% dos indivíduos, seguido de sobrepeso/obesidade (57,8% e distúrbios no padrão de sono (42,2%. 64,3% dos diagnósticos de enfermagem identificados encontram-se no âmbito biológico, sendo os de maior prevalência: Autocuidado Parcial (93,3%, Padrão de Exercício Diminuído (84,4%, Dentição Comprometida (82,2%, Aprendizagem Baixa (60,0%, Sobrepeso/Obesidade (57,7%. Concluiu-se que a identificação de problemas adaptativos auxiliam-nos na elaboração de diagnósticos, os quais, por sua vez, conferem uma linguagem própria à enfermagem além de maior autonomia profissional e qualidade na assistência.

  5. An Analysis of Environmental Issues in 19th Century England Using the Writings of Charles Dickens

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacKenzie, Ann Haley

    2008-01-01

    Charles Dickens lived during the best and worst of times in 19th century England. His writings were greatly influenced by the ongoing industrial revolution. He described abhorrent environmental conditions, inadequate sanitary practices, child abuse, and other social maladies of the times. By bringing Charles Dickens into the biology classroom,…

  6. Environmental Education in the Galapagos: 2007 Report to the Charles Darwin Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stepath, Carl M.

    2007-01-01

    Background: "Environmental education in the Galapagos: 2007 report to the Charles Darwin Foundation" is a report to the Charles Darwin Foundation (CDF) about the researchers observations about the status of environmental education in the Galapagos in 2006 and 2007. Purpose: This paper reports on environmental education in the Galapagos…

  7. Método canguru: práticas investigativas e de cuidado de enfermagem no modelo de adaptação de Roy Método canguro: prácticas de investigación y de atención en enfermería en el modelo de adaptación de Roy Kangaroo method: investigative practices and nursing care in the Roy adaptation model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Borck

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma pesquisa convergente-assistencial, de natureza qualitativa, que teve como objetivos: investigar a experiência no processo de adaptação de seis famílias na terceira etapa do Método Canguru com recém-nascidos pré-termo e/ou de baixo peso, no período de outubro/06 a fevereiro/07; e implementar a consulta de enfermagem dentro dos quatro modos adaptativos da Teoria de Roy. A coleta de dados foi realizada através do processo de cuidar do modelo adaptativo de Roy, utilizando as técnicas de observação e da entrevista semiestruturada. O processo de análise ocorreu por meio da apreensão, síntese, teorização e transferência. Os resultados mostram a necessidade de fortalecer o papel da família na desospitalização e a comunicação entre a equipe interdisciplinar e rever critérios de alta da terceira etapa. Este estudo evidencia a terceira etapa como oportunidade para retroalimentar o sistema de cuidado e apoiar as famílias para sobreporem seus conflitos, preocupações, medos, inseguranças e o próprio comportamento imaturo do bebê.Se trata de una Investigación Convergente y Asistencial, cualitativa. Sus objetivos fueron investigar la experiencia en el proceso de adaptación de seis familias en la tercera etapa del Método Canguro con recién nacidos pre término y/o de bajo peso, en el periodo de Octubre /06 a Febrero /07 e implementar la consulta de enfermería dentro de los cuatro modos adaptativos de la Teoría de Roy. La recolección de los datos fue realizada a través del proceso de cuidar del modelo adaptativo de Roy, utilizando las técnicas de observación y la entrevista parcialmente estructurada. El proceso de análisis se hizo por medio de la aprehensión, síntesis, teorización y transferencia. Los resultados muestran la necesidad de fortalecer el papel de la familia en la deshospitalización, la comunicación entre el equipo disciplinario y rever criterios de alta de la tercera etapa. En este estudio

  8. Neuropsychology of the Emotions: The Charles Darwin contribution

    OpenAIRE

    Yuranny Helena Rojas Garzón; Andrey Velasquez

    2009-01-01

    Fragmento.....Charles Darwin es un gran teórico de la biología y referente inevitable de la “Teoría de la Evolución” expuesta en 1859 en su libro “El Origen de las Especies”, el cual revolucionó el campo científico de la mayoría de disciplinas de aquel entonces. Después de la publicación de su libro “El Origen de las Especies”, un año posterior publica otra obra titulada “Expresión de las Emociones en los Animales y en el Hombre”, libro que se abordará a partir de la elaboración de una reseña...

  9. The teacher taught? What Charles Darwin owed to John Lubbock

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearn, Alison

    2014-01-01

    The period around the publication of John Lubbock's Origin of civilisation in 1870 and Charles Darwin's Descent of man and selection in relation to sex the following year is key to a re-evaluation of the relationship between the two men, usually characterized as that of pupil and master. It is in the making of Descent that Lubbock's role as a scientific collaborator is most easily discerned, a role best understood within the social and political context of the time. Lubbock made Darwin—both the man and his science—acceptable and respectable. Less obvious is Darwin's conscious cultivation of Lubbock's patronage in both his private and public life, and Lubbock's equally conscious bestowal, culminating in his role in Darwin's burial in Westminster Abbey.

  10. Charles bonnet syndrome, management with simple behavioral technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baba Awoye Issa

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Charles Bonnet syndrome occurs in visually impaired but cognitively normal individuals. This report describes a condition of vivid visual hallucination (phantom images in an 85-year-old conscious man, who had been blind by bilateral progressively worsening glaucoma. This common, but rarely reported, condition was managed by behavioral approach of repeated blinking, intermittent eyes closure, and reassurance. While emotional, mood and cognitive disorders need to be ruled out, the condition, though frightening to the afflicted, is benign and remediable with simple, inexpensive approach. Health workers managing people with terminal blindness should always ask for the presence of hallucinations from their patients to forestall a preventable distress resulting from wrong perception without visual stimulus.

  11. Pregabalin in the treatment of Charles Bonnet syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawant, Neena Sanjiv; Bokdawala, Rohann Astad

    2013-04-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome is a condition characterised by the presence of visual hallucinations in patients having visual impairment most commonly reported in the seventh decade. We describe a case of a 55-year-old lady who had developed retinopathy causing significant visual loss secondary to diabetes mellitus. She had started seeing images of men for the past 2 months which made her feel uncomfortable and seek psychiatric help. She was aware that the hallucinations were not real but a part of her imagination. A detailed history did not reveal any psychopathology but the patient had several medical complications due to her uncontrolled diabetes. Pregabalin, which was started for her neuropathy, dramatically remitted her symptoms within 2 days.

  12. Charles bonnet syndrome, management with simple behavioral technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Issa, Baba Awoye; Yussuf, Abdullahi Dasliva

    2013-01-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome occurs in visually impaired but cognitively normal individuals. This report describes a condition of vivid visual hallucination (phantom images) in an 85-year-old conscious man, who had been blind by bilateral progressively worsening glaucoma. This common, but rarely reported, condition was managed by behavioral approach of repeated blinking, intermittent eyes closure, and reassurance. While emotional, mood and cognitive disorders need to be ruled out, the condition, though frightening to the afflicted, is benign and remediable with simple, inexpensive approach. Health workers managing people with terminal blindness should always ask for the presence of hallucinations from their patients to forestall a preventable distress resulting from wrong perception without visual stimulus.

  13. William and Charles Mayo: their influence on American medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anaya-Prado, Roberto; Rubí, Marisol Godínez

    2007-01-01

    In a little-known Midwest town named Rochester, Minnesota, a talented physician grew in fame and respect: Dr. William Worrall Mayo, who was influential in the evolution of medicine. He was a steadfast learner and raised two sons, William and Charles, to follow in his footsteps and further medical knowledge. They were leaders in surgery and in the creation of advanced and sophisticated medical facilities. Their talents, the issues surrounding medical practice, and unexpected opportunity all came into play for the Mayos. Two hospitals, St. Mary's Hospital and later the Methodist Hospital, witnessed and influenced the advancement of medicine through the Mayo Clinic heritage and dynasty in Minnesota and the rest of the world. In this article, we focus on the role of the Mayo brothers and their influence over the increasing acceptance of hospital care in America and abroad.

  14. Visual hallucinations (Charles Bonnet syndrome associated with neurosarcoidosis

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    Jason Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS refers to lucid and complex visual hallucinations in cognitively normal patients with acquired vision loss. It can be associated with any type of vision loss including that related to macular degeneration, corneal disease, diabetic retinopathy, and occipital infarct. Neurosarcoidosis, a multi-systemic inflammatory granulomatous disease affecting both the central and peripheral nervous systems, is rarely associated with CBS. We report a patient with biopsy-confirmed neurosarcoidosis who experienced visual hallucinations following the development of a right seventh-nerve palsy, right facial paresthesia, and bilateral progressive visual loss. This case highlights the importance of recognizing that the CBS can occur in visual loss of any etiology.

  15. ["Wetlands". Charles Bukowski and Charlotte Roche on hemorrhoids].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahmer, F A; Bahmer, J A

    2010-08-01

    More than 40 years ago Charles Bukowski described his experiences with coloscopy and the ensuing surgery on his hemorrhoids, both performed by a doctor pictured as sadistic. Bukowski not only depicts these procedures but also characterizes his compassionate inpatients as well as the nursing staff. In her bestseller published in 2008 Charlotte Roche's protagonist Helen needs surgical inpatient treatment because of hemorrhoidal bleeding. Her stay in the hospital, prolonged by a postoperative self-inflicted bleeding, provides the basis not only for strategies to bring her divorced parents together but also for thoughts on genitalia, manifold sexual practices, as well as on rules of hygiene. From a psychodynamic viewpoint the protagonists in both stories suffer from a depressive basic conflict, compensated in Bukowski's work by a dependent, self-destructive, philobatic form of coping and in Roche's alter ego Helen by an impulsive, sexualized behaviour.

  16. The question of good and narrative identity in Charles Taylor

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    Beatriz Zergers Prado

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Modern life poses unprecedented challenges in dealing with the task of defining a stable identity and achieving self-fulfillment. It is possible sustain that is a legacy of Modernity that the personis the main character of her own life and configure it by means of autonomous decisions. It is true thatshe must decide, although she has to do so from deep convictions if she does not want to be influencedby a culture that —in Charles Taylor’s perspective— has trivialized the ideal of authenticity and hasexalted a freedom that increases individualism. This essay is focused on the actions full of significance and the adherence to true goods that shape the identity and its narrative. The basics are in the anthropology and ethics of the philosopher just mentioned.

  17. Charles Robert Darwin and Argentina's National Academy of Sciences

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    Pedro José Depetris

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Over 175 years ago Charles Robert Darwin arrived in Argentina to find a bare and boundless plain, the brave centaur called "gaucho", Quaternary fossils everywhere, and a society strikingly strange and aggressive to the British eyes of the young traveller. Although the voyage aboard HMS Beagle was the indispensable way towards increasing his stature as a biologist, Lyell's work awakened an inquisitive geological mind which allowed him to wonder at the splendour of the Andes. Forty-two years after having concluded his voyage on the Beagle, the National Academy of Sciences of Argentina appointed him as an Honorary Member. This must be interpreted as an early gesture of recognition -in the context of those times- to the magnificence of his scientific work.

  18. A REVIEW OF CHARLES EBEREONWU’S LOST LAUREL

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    Saviour Nathan A. Agoro

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Mr. Charles Ebereonwu the novelist whose work is reviewed in the following pages is following in the noble tradition and practice of those who have learnt to write out of interest as they discovered their talent in the creative domain. It is always precarious to traverse an unknown path. But no one would do anything new without embracing the element of risk which is always associated with everything in life. It is good that our writer is not intimidated to embark on the journey of learning how to become a novelist. Since writing is a very solitary business, by this review we intend to celebrate the many hours of solitude our author spent in the course of producing this work.

  19. Charles Hard Townes: Remarkable Scientist and Inspiring Teacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldsmith, P. F.

    2016-05-01

    Charles Townes is renowned for his work elucidating the structure of molecules through microwave spectroscopy and for his invention of the maser and the laser. He also had a lifelong interest in astronomy, and in the later portion of his remarkable and long career devoted himself to astronomical research, pioneering the study of molecules in interstellar space and the development of infrared spectroscopy, first from the ground and then from airborne facilities. His interest in high angular resolution, as well as high spectral resolution observations, led to development of the first infrared spatial interferometer employing coherent signal processing techniques. In this short review I will only touch on some of Townes' many scientific contributions, concentrating on astronomy, and will also give some personal thoughts about how he inspired students in their research, helping to make the "Townes Group" at the University of California, Berkeley, an ideal environment in which to start a career in research.

  20. Charles Dickens and the ear, nose, and throat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pahor, A L

    1979-01-01

    Charles Dickens is known as a novelist, humorist, humanist, and a social reformist. One of his many abilities was an astute power of observation, and some of his writings included descriptions considered as original medical knowledge. Among the hundreds of characters portrayed by Dickens, many had depictions or diseases of interest to the otolaryngologist. Dickens described deaf children and was interested in the methods used in their teaching. He had a keen interest in children and their welfare and described his visits to the Childrens Hospital in London and to Parkins Institute at Boston. He described both temporary and permanent deafness following exposure to loud noise. Dickens was a medical critic and most of his writings on the subject were humorous, though mixed at times with a spicy element of satire.

  1. Neuropsychology of the Emotions: The Charles Darwin contribution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuranny Helena Rojas Garzón

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Fragmento.....Charles Darwin es un gran teórico de la biología y referente inevitable de la “Teoría de la Evolución” expuesta en 1859 en su libro “El Origen de las Especies”, el cual revolucionó el campo científico de la mayoría de disciplinas de aquel entonces. Después de la publicación de su libro “El Origen de las Especies”, un año posterior publica otra obra titulada “Expresión de las Emociones en los Animales y en el Hombre”, libro que se abordará a partir de la elaboración de una reseña critica objeto del presente trabajo.

  2. [Charles Robert Darwin: the great founder of scientific evolutionism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Qian-Jin; Bin, Jie; Zhang, Gen-Fa

    2009-12-01

    Today, we celebrated 200 years since Charles Darwin, one of the world's most creative and influential thinkers, was born. And there happens to be the 150th anniversary of the publication of his famous book, On the Origin of Species. It is verified that On the Origin of Species is an immortal classic book and is still guiding the study of anagenesis in life science as the development of natural science from then on, and even though most of the ideas in the book are well-known at the present age. In the article, we recall the brilliance and predomination life of Darwin, a great sage with rich scientific achievements, review briefly the novel discoveries and theories after him in the field, and then elucidate the focal points and perspectiveas in near future study of evolution.

  3. On the humanism in Charles Dickens' David Copperfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董莉

    2008-01-01

    Charles Dickens was the main representative of English realist in nineteenth century.He was one of the vast host of Victorian novelists.He saw astonishing changes:during his lifetime Britain was transformed from a predominantly rural economy to a major industrial power.Transport,mass communications,education,legal and parliamentary structures.He created fourteen novels in his life.Dickens's activities and creation in his lifetime always kept step with trend of the times.In his works he devoted himself to disclose bourgeoisie's greed and cruelty,and at the same he expressed the deep sympathy with workers and farmers,especially women and children.Dickens considered humanism as the main idea throughout all his works,he eulogized genuineness,goodness,and happiness of human nature.He also hankered a more rationalization society and a more wonderful life.

  4. Gustave Flaubert, Charles Dickens, and Isaac Pulvermacher's "magic band".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waits, Robert K

    2013-01-01

    Around 1850, Isaac L. Pulvermacher (1815-1884) joined the ranks of so-called "galvanists" who had, for nearly a century, been touting the shocks and sparks of electricity as a miracle cure for all ills, including neurological complaints such as palsy and hemiplegia. The famed authors, Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880), in France, and Charles Dickens (1812-1870), in England, although contemporaries, apparently never met or corresponded. But during their lives, they both became aware of Pulvermacher and his patented Hydro-Electric Chains, claimed to impart vigor and cure nearly every complaint. Pulvermacher's chains made a cameo appearance in Madame Bovary (1857), Flaubert's controversial (and most successful) novel. Among Dickens's last letters (1870) was an order for I. L. Pulvermacher and Company's "magic band." Since the Victorian age, electrical and magnetic cures, for better or worse, continue to be products of both the medical profession and quackery. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. 76 FR 24007 - Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Lake Charles Carbon Capture...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-29

    ... of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Lake Charles Carbon Capture and... Industrial Carbon Capture and Sequestration (ICCS) Program. The Lake Charles Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project (Lake Charles CCS Project) would demonstrate: (1) advanced technologies that capture...

  6. 78 FR 43751 - Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to the Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ... Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor On July 22, 2004, by Executive Order 13348, the President declared a national emergency with respect to the former Liberian regime of Charles Taylor pursuant to the... Liberian President Charles Taylor and other persons, in particular their unlawful depletion of...

  7. 3 CFR - Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to the Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... to the Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor Presidential Documents Other Presidential Documents... of Charles Taylor On July 22, 2004, by Executive Order 13348, the President declared a national... to the former Liberian regime of Charles Taylor, pursuant to the International Emergency...

  8. 75 FR 42281 - Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect To the Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-21

    ... Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor On July 22, 2004, by Executive Order 13348, the President declared a... connected to the former Liberian regime of Charles Taylor, pursuant to the International Emergency Economic... former Liberian President Charles Taylor and other persons, in particular their unlawful depletion...

  9. 76 FR 43799 - Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to the Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-21

    ... With Respect to the Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor #0; #0; #0; Presidential Documents #0; #0... Respect to the Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor On July 22, 2004, by Executive Order 13348, the... of certain persons connected to the former Liberian regime of Charles Taylor, pursuant to...

  10. 78 FR 28205 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Lake Charles Carbon...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-14

    ... of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Lake Charles Carbon Capture and... Charles Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project Draft ] Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0464D... the Lake Charles Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project, which would be constructed and operated...

  11. Discovery of scientific correspondence of P.P.C. Hoek (1851—1914), including three unpublished letters by Charles Darwin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pieters, Florence F.J.M.; Winthagen, Diny

    1990-01-01

    Recently the scientific correspondence of the Dutch zoologist P.P.C. Hoek (1851—1914) turned up in the Artis Library. This collection contains three hitherto unpublished letters from Charles Darwin. It appears that Charles Darwin recommended Hoek to the favour of Sir Charles Wyville Thomson upon Hoe

  12. Discovery of scientific correspondence of P.P.C. Hoek (1851—1914), including three unpublished letters by Charles Darwin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pieters, Florence F.J.M.; Winthagen, Diny

    1990-01-01

    Recently the scientific correspondence of the Dutch zoologist P.P.C. Hoek (1851—1914) turned up in the Artis Library. This collection contains three hitherto unpublished letters from Charles Darwin. It appears that Charles Darwin recommended Hoek to the favour of Sir Charles Wyville Thomson upon

  13. Preliminary Results from the AIDP-2 and AIDP-3 Drill Cores Hint at Systematic Mo Enrichments in the ~2.65 Ga Roy Hill Shale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, M.; Ostrander, C. M.; Lyons, T. W.; Olson, S. L.; Buick, R.; Anbar, A. D.

    2014-12-01

    In order to better understand the timing of the earliest oxygenation of Earth's surface environment, we are pursuing a multi-proxy investigation of paleoredox conditions in diamond drill cores through sedimentary rocks of the Archean Fortescue & Hamersley Groups. These cores were recovered in 2012 by the Agouron Institute from the Pilbara Craton of Western Australia. The AIDP-2 core samples a stratigraphic succession of carbonate and sulfidic, organic-rich shale in the Carawine Dolomite and Jeerinah Formation representing a shallow near-shore depositional setting. Core AIDP-3 samples a transition from BIF in the Marra Mamba Formation to organic-rich shales in the underlying Jeerinah Formation representing a deeper offshore depositional setting. We have analyzed 322 black shale samples from the Roy Hill Member of the Jeerinah Formation deposited just before the transition from the Fortescue to Hamersley Group. Roy Hill black shale units are mostly pyritic in AIDP-3, but are less so in AIDP-2. The Roy Hill Member of AIDP-3 extends from 2.629 Ga to2.676 Ga and contains the 2.632Ga Jeerinah impact layer, whereas the Roy Hill member of AIDP-2 is slightly older, lying beneath the Jeerinah impact layer, and has been dated to 2.636 Ga to >2.643 Ga [1]. Our initial findings reveal that Mo concentrations range between 0.7 and 7 ppm in the Roy Hill black shale member of AIDP-2 and AIDP-3. Corresponding Mo/Al ratios range between 1-9×10-5 ppm/ppm, indicating slight Mo enrichment relative to average continental crust. These results are consistent with a previous study by Scott et al. [2], which suggested little or no Mo enrichment. However, the higher resolution sampling in this study allows us to clearly resolve the Mo/Al depth profiles in these late Archean cores. These data suggest that the variations we see are not due to analytical scatter or sample variability, but instead represent real variations in Mo scavenged into these sediments. Ongoing work is focused on

  14. Titanium and oxygen isotope diffusion in quartz-phenocrysts from a Jurassic rhyolite, Chon Aike Province (Fitz Roy, Patagonia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seitz, S.; Putlitz, B.; Baumgartner, L. P.; Escrig, S.; Meibom, A.; Leresche, S.; Vennemann, T. W.

    2014-12-01

    The volcanic El Quemado Complex was deposited during the breakup of Gondwana during the Middle and Late Jurassic. It is part of a large silicic igneous province, which includes the Chon Aike Province in Southern Patagonia and related rocks from the Antarctic Peninsula [1]. The Complex consists of rhyolitic and dacitic ignimbrites and air-fall tuffs, intercalated with andesitic to rhyolitic lava flows. New LA-ICPMS U/Pb-dates of zircons from the Fitz Roy area yield ages between 148 and 153Ma. No inherited zircons were found, suggesting that the temperature of 850°C calculated from zircon saturation is a minimum temperature. Lava flows are typically rich in quartz phenocrysts, which preserved magmatic trace element zoning, as revealed by cathodoluminescence (CL): light cores are surrounded by several darker and lighter zones towards the rim. The δ18O-values for quartz of between 11 to 14 ‰ are compatible with a crustal source for the magma and the SIMS analyses of phenocrysts reveal no zoning in O-isotope compositions. High-resolution Ti-profiles were obtained by NanoSIMS with a beam size of ~200 nm and a minimum step size of ~120 nm. Several lines perpendicular to the magmatic zoning of the quartz-phenocrysts were measured. The profiles show sharp changes in the 48Ti/29Si-ratio over a distance of 5 μm, which correlate with CL-intensity changes. The profiles can be used for diffusion chronometry. The distances obtained from NanoSIMS profiles were used to calculate maximum diffusional relaxation times. Assuming a step function as initial condition and extrusion temperatures from zircon saturation of 850°C, we obtain a maximum residence time for the quartz-phenocrysts of 3.5 years. [1] Pankhurst R.J., Riley T.R., Fanning C.M., Kelley S.P., 2000. J. Pet., 41, 605-625.

  15. A comparison of micro-CT and thin section analysis of Lateglacial glaciolacustrine varves from Glen Roy, Scotland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bendle, Jacob M.; Palmer, Adrian P.; Carr, Simon J.

    2015-04-01

    Despite the prevalence of thin section analysis in studies of Quaternary sediments, there are limitations associated with the production of thin sections (sediment modification) and the inherently 2D view that a thin section affords. Non-destructive and rapid scanning technologies such as X-ray computed microtomography (μCT) enable material samples to be visualised and analysed in 3D. In a Quaternary context, however, such techniques are in their infancy. This paper assesses the optimum approach to μCT analysis of Quaternary sediments, applying the method on Lateglacial glaciolacustrine varves from Glen Roy, Scotland. Scan datasets are examined at each stage of the thin section process and comparisons are made between 2D μCT images and thin sections for the recognition of 2D sediment features, with further appraisal of 3D models to identify 3D sediment structures. Comparable sediment features are observed in 2D μCT images and thin sections, however, the μCT imaging resolution determines the precision of microfacies descriptions. Additional 3D structures are distinguished from volumetric models that are otherwise impossible to identify in thin section slides. These 3D structures can locally alter sediment properties (e.g. layer thickness) as seen in 2D thin sections and/or digital images, although such variation cannot be detected with these media. It has been demonstrated that clear benefits exist in understanding the 3D structure of Quaternary sediments, both prior to thin-sectioning to avoid complicating (e.g. deformation) structures, and after thin-sectioning to establish the complex 3D context of 2D datasets. It is recommended that μCT and thin section techniques are applied in parallel in future studies, which will profit from the integration of 'true' 3D data. It is also advised that samples are scanned soon after field sampling, due to the significant modification of in situ sediment structures that can occur during thin section processing.

  16. Turvalisuse nimel? / Roy Strider

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Strider, Roy, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Autor peab silmas hiljuti avalikustatud plaani anda politseile vabamad käed tänavarahutuste mahasurumisel ja inimeste mobiilikõnede eristuste tegemisel ning kirjutab, et ta kardab seda riiki, kus valitseb totaalne infokogumine

  17. Ettevaatust, kaitsepolitsei! / Roy Strider

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Strider, Roy, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Ajendatuna anarhistliku liikumise PunaMust meeleavalduse jälgimisest end ajakirjanikuks nimetanud kaitsepolitsei töötaja poolt kirjutab autor kaitsepolitsei mõttetust nuhkimisest oma kodanike järele, mis võib viia jälgimisühiskonnani

  18. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge Wilderness Character Monitoring Back-end Database

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is the back-end data file for the Charles M. Russell Wilderness Character Monitoring Application. User interface and lookup databases are required for use (see...

  19. [Lake Andes Wetland Management District: Aerial Photograph Series, Charles Mix County, SD, 1967-1988

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This series consists of 10 oblique aerial photographs from the Lake Andes Wetland Management District. All photographs were taken in Charles Mix County, South Dakota...

  20. Charles M. Russell NWR administrative inspection, July 25-29, 1994

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is an administrative inspection report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge, completed July 25-29, 1994. The following areas were reviewed: buildings...

  1. Parcels and Land Ownership, Published in 2011, St. Charles County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Parcels and Land Ownership dataset as of 2011. The extent of these data is generally Saint Charles Parish County, LA. This metadata was auto-generated through...

  2. Parcels and Land Ownership, Published in 2011, Charles Mix County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Parcels and Land Ownership dataset as of 2011. The extent of these data is generally Charles Mix County, SD. This metadata was auto-generated through the Ramona...

  3. Parcels and Land Ownership, Published in 2011, St. Charles Parish Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Parcels and Land Ownership dataset as of 2011. The extent of these data is generally Saint Charles Parish County, LA. This metadata was auto-generated through...

  4. 2010 NOAA Ortho-rectified Mosaic from Color Aerial Imagery of LAKE CHARLES (NODC Accession 0075827)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains ortho-rectified mosaic tiles, created as a product from the NOAA Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) initiative of LAKE CHARLES. The...

  5. 2010 NOAA Ortho-rectified Mosaic from Color Aerial Imagery of LAKE CHARLES

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains ortho-rectified mosaic tiles, created as a product from the NOAA Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) initiative of LAKE CHARLES. The...

  6. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1981

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1981 calendar year. The report...

  7. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1982

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1982 calendar year. The report...

  8. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range Wilderness proposal public hearing summary analysis and wilderness study summary

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document contains both a public hearing summary analysis and a wilderness study summary for the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range. The public hearing...

  9. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range : Narrative Report : January - December 1964

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges: Hailstone, Halfbreed, Mason, Miller, Yellow Water, War Horse, and Wild...

  10. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range : Narrative Report : January - December 1966

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range (includes satellite refuges: Hailstone, Halfbreed, Mason, Miller, Yellow Water, War...

  11. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range : Narrative Report : January - December 1965

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range (includes satellite refuges: Hailstone, Halfbreed, Mason, Miller, Yellow Water, War...

  12. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1984

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1984 calendar year. The report...

  13. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1985

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR, War Horse NWR, Lake Mason NWR, Hailstone NWR, Halfbreed NWR, Tew WPA, and Spidel WPA outlines Refuge...

  14. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1983

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1983 calendar year. The report...

  15. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range : Narrative Report : January - December 1967

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range (includes satellite refuges: Hailstone, Halfbreed, Mason, Miller, Yellow Water, War...

  16. 77 FR 42179 - Safety Zone; Fireworks Display, Potomac River, Charles County, Newburg, MD

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-18

    ... Rule Digital Lightning, of Kensington, Maryland, will conduct a fireworks display launched from a barge located on the Potomac River, adjacent to Gilligan's Pier Restaurant, at Newburg in Charles...

  17. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range : Narrative Report : May- August 1963

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Charles M. Russell outlines Refuge accomplishments from May to August of 1963. The report begins by summarizing the weather conditions,...

  18. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range : Narrative Report : September to December 1963

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Charles M. Russell outlines Refuge accomplishments from September to December of 1963. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  19. Charles M Russell National Wildlife Refuge [Land Status Map: Sheet 2 of 2

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This map was produced by the Division of Realty to depict landownership at Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge. It was generated from rectified aerial...

  20. Charles M Russell National Wildlife Refuge [Land Status Map: Sheet 1 of 2

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This map was produced by the Division of Realty to depict landownership at Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge. It was generated from rectified aerial...

  1. Operations inspection of Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge, July 25-29, 1994

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — An operational inspection regarding the biological program of the Charles M. Russell (CMR) NWR was conducted in conjunction with the comprehensive inspection by the...

  2. Final Environmental Assessment : Livestock Grazing Management Seven Blackfeet Habitat Unit : Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Final environmental assessment for the grazing management within the Seven Blackfeet Habitat Unit of the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge, in relation to...

  3. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1979

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1979 calendar...

  4. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range : Narrative Report : January - April 1963

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Charles M. Russell outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1963. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  5. [Charles Bonnet's syndrome: clinical insights in a fascinating disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elflein, H M

    2013-12-01

    Even mentally and cognitively healthy people can experience visual hallucinations. These are called Charles Bonnet's syndrome, named after the Swiss scientist, who first described such perceptions in the 18th century. Usually patients possess insight in the unreality of their visual experiences. The definitions of CBS are not consistent. Visual impairment or blindness is not part of every definition, but often is associated with CBS. Ophthalmologists should be aware of this syndrome, since its prevalence is high among blind or visually impaired people: patients often are reluctant to admit their hallucinatory experiences, because of the fear of being stigmatised. Possibly women are affected more often than men. CBS is well investigated in the elderly, but also young people might experience visual hallucinations. Hallucinatory contents commonly are persons, with varying duration of the hallucinations. Most patients experience more than one hallucinatory episode. CBS is best investigated in patients suffering from AMD. Neuroimaging studies suggest that cerebral abnormalities, mainly in the occipital cortex, might also play a role in the pathogenesis of CBS. Many patients do not require (drug) treatment, since education itself is helpful in most cases. The pathophysiology remains unclear, but there are a couple of theories.

  6. Charles Bonnet syndrome and cognitive impairment: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Gregor; Burns, Alistair

    2014-05-22

    ABSTRACT Background: Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is defined as complex persistent visual hallucinations in the absence of mental disorder. It is common in conditions causing significant visual impairment. Many authors advise reassurance, considering the condition benign. However, others have suggested that CBS may in some patients represent the early stages of dementia. This review seeks to systematically examine the evidence for any link between CBS and cognitive impairment. Methods: Literature search using OVID Medline, PsychINFO, and Embase. Results: Three studies where cognitive functioning was the primary focus of the research were found. All were small, did not properly apply diagnostic criteria, and reported conflicting results. Eight other studies commented on cognitive functioning, but none used tests sufficiently sensitive to detect changes seen in early dementia. One hundred and thirty four case reports were scrutinized, and reports found of 16 patients with CBS where dementia emerged. High rates of partial insight at diagnosis of CBS were seen in these patients. Conclusions: There have been no adequately powered studies, using accepted diagnostic criteria, where changes in cognitive functioning were the primary outcome. Existing studies are of limited methodological quality and allow no conclusion regarding a relationship between cognitive impairment and CBS to be reached. Numerous case reports of dementia developing in patients with CBS and partial insight raise the possibility of a link between these conditions. There is a clear need for properly constructed studies to investigate this.

  7. Mitochondrial disorder caused Charles Darwin's cyclic vomiting syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finsterer, Josef; Hayman, John

    2014-01-08

    Charles Darwin (CD), "father of modern biology," suffered from multisystem illness from early adulthood. The most disabling manifestation was cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS). This study aims at finding the possible cause of CVS in CD. A literature search using the PubMed database was carried out, and CD's complaints, as reported in his personal writings and those of his relatives, friends, colleagues, biographers, were compared with various manifestations of mitochondrial disorders (MIDs), known to cause CVS, described in the literature. Organ tissues involved in CD's disease were brain, nerves, muscles, vestibular apparatus, heart, gut, and skin. Cerebral manifestations included episodic headache, visual disturbance, episodic memory loss, periodic paralysis, hysterical crying, panic attacks, and episodes of depression. Manifestations of polyneuropathy included numbness, paresthesias, increased sweating, temperature sensitivity, and arterial hypotension. Muscular manifestations included periods of exhaustion, easy fatigability, myalgia, and muscle twitching. Cardiac manifestations included episodes of palpitations and chest pain. Gastrointestinal manifestations were CVS, dental problems, abnormal seasickness, eructation, belching, and flatulence. Dermatological manifestations included painful lips, dermatitis, eczema, and facial edema. Treatments with beneficial effects to his complaints were rest, relaxation, heat, and hydrotherapy. CVS in CD was most likely due to a multisystem, nonsyndromic MID. This diagnosis is based upon the multisystem nature of his disease, the fact that CVS is most frequently the manifestation of a MID, the family history, the variable phenotypic expression between affected family members, the fact that symptoms were triggered by stress, and that only few symptoms could not be explained by a MID.

  8. On Cas A, Cassini, Comets and King Charles

    CERN Document Server

    Soria, Roberto; Ohtsuka, Yasuyo

    2013-01-01

    We re-examine the long-standing problem of the date of the Cassiopeia A supernova (SN), in view of recent claims that it might be the 1630 "noon-star" seen at the birth of King Charles II. We do not support this identification, based on the expected brightness of a Type-IIb SN (too faint to be seen in daylight), the extrapolated motion of the ejecta (inconsistent with a date earlier than 1650), the lack of any scientific follow-up observations, the lack of any mention of it in Asian archives. The origin of the 1630 noon-star event (if real) remains a mystery; there was a bright comet in 1630 June but no evidence to determine whether or not it was visible in daylight. Instead, we present French reports about a 4th-magnitude star discovered by Cassini in Cassiopeia in or shortly before 1671, which was not seen before or since. The brightness is consistent with what we expect for the Cas A SN; the date is consistent with the extrapolated motion of the ejecta. We argue that this source could be the long-sought SN...

  9. Charles Everett Koop: the “Family doctor of America”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Bucci

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Charles Everett Koop was a great Surgeon General, probably the most influential in the history of the United States of America. He never missed courage in his life and often he had used it to tackle professional and personal tough problems.In his public activity, he faced controversial health problems of American people as smoking, abortion and the first occurrence of the epidemic Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS. Koop was a rigorous man. The lodestar that guided Koop in his work, as a public servant was to do the best for health of Americans. In his prestigious and difficult role, he faced the pressing problems of health of millions of people trying to avoid political influence. During his mandate of eight years, Koop increased the influence and authority of his role. His appearance and behaviour were unmistakable: Lincolnesque beard and uniform, conduct hard and pure, exclusively oriented to the health of citizens, over the personal conveniences, political pressure and lobbying. An exemplary man, who for his passion for medicine and his sincere interest in promoting public health, was affectionately considered the "Family Doctor of America".

  10. On Cas A, Cassini, Comets, and King Charles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soria, Roberto; Balestrieri, Riccardo; Ohtsuka, Yasuyo

    2013-03-01

    We re-examine the long-standing problem of the date of the Cassiopeia A supernova (SN), in view of recent claims that it might be the 1630 'noon-star' seen at the birth of King Charles II. We do not support this identification, based on the expected brightness of a Type-IIb SN (too faint to be seen in daylight), the extrapolated motion of the ejecta (inconsistent with a date earlier than 1650), the lack of any scientific follow-up observations, the lack of any mention of it in Asian archives. The origin of the 1630 noon-star event (if real) remains a mystery; there was a bright comet in 1630 June but no evidence to determine whether or not it was visible in daylight. Instead, we present French reports about a fourth-magnitude star discovered by Cassini in Cassiopeia in or shortly before 1671, which was not seen before or since. The brightness is consistent with what we expect for the Cas A SN; the date is consistent with the extrapolated motion of the ejecta. We argue that this source could be the long-sought SN.

  11. Senso e non senso del lavoro in Charles Bukowski

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Di Stefano

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Nella ricerca psicologica e manageriale il significato assegnato al lavoro è un ambito di lunga tradizione, all’interno del quale si cerca di rintracciare le fonti di senso dell’attività lavorativa nel sistema motivazionale, valoriale e di credenze del lavoratore. Relativamente meno spazio, tuttavia, è dedicato alla funzione assolta dal lavoro in termini di sistema di significazione e di vettore di riferimento per la costruzione dell’identità personale. Il presente contributo approfondisce il rapporto tra costruzione identitaria e senso attribuito al lavoro, focalizzando il tema del meaning of work attraverso l’esplorazione del mondo narrativo di Charles Bukowski. L’attenzione è rivolta, in particolare, alle rappresentazioni e alle connotazioni emozionali che caratterizzano il rapporto tra identità e lavoro, desunte dall’analisi qualitativa del contenuto della sua produzione letteraria. La difficile sostenibilità dell’esperienza lavorativa in Bukowski si intreccia con lo scenario di instabilità del secondo dopoguerra in USA, incidendo ricorsivamente sullo sviluppo di un pensiero autoriflessivo su cui modellare un’idea di sé. In tal senso, l’esperienza dell’Autore è paradigmatica per la condizione contemporanea, nella misura in cui l’esperienza di lavoro oggi, priva di un sistema di significati condiviso, influenza negativamente il processo di attribuzione di senso alle proprie esperienze di vita.

  12. The Curious Case of Charles Darwin and Homeopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dana Ullman

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In 1849, Charles Darwin was so ill that he was unable to work one out of every 3 days, and after having various troubling symptoms for 2–12 years, he wrote to a friend that he was ‘going the way of all flesh’. He sought treatment from Dr James Manby Gully, a medical doctor who used water cure and homeopathic medicines. Despite being highly skeptical of these treatments, he experienced a dramatic improvement in his health, though some of his digestive and skin symptoms returned various times in his life. He grew to appreciate water cure, but remained skeptical of homeopathy, even though his own experiments on insectivore plants using what can be described as homeopathic doses of ammonia salts surprised and shocked him with their significant biological effect. Darwin even expressed concern that he should publish these results. Two of Darwin's sons were as incredulous as he was, but their observations confirmed the results of his experiments. Darwin was also known to have read a book on evolution written by a homeopathic physician that Darwin described as similar to his own but ‘goes much deeper.’

  13. Searching the animal psyche with Charles Le Brun.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Sarah R

    2010-07-01

    Around 1670 the French court painter and Academician Charles Le Brun produced a series of drawings featuring naturalistic animal heads, as well as imaginary heads in which he refashioned various nonhuman animal species to make humanoid physiognomies. What were the purpose and significance of these unusual works? I argue that they show Le Brun's interest in what we today would call animal psychology: focusing upon the sensory organs and their connections with the animal's brain, Le Brun studied his animals as conscious protagonists of the natural realm. One source that may have served him in this project was Marin Cureau de La Chambre's De la Connoissance des bestes of 1645, in which the physician argued that animals possess a conscious soul grounded in the senses. However, Le Brun's animal-humans have no clear place in the artist's taxonomy--nor, indeed, in any seventeenth-century understandings of species. It is rather John Locke, at his most skeptical, who offers the best parallel in the realm of natural philosophy to Le Brun's unsettling animal-humans. Probably without meaning to, Le Brun demonstrated through his eerie, boundary-crossing creatures the limits of visual classification.

  14. Charles Wagley: his career, his work, his legacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conrad Phillip Kottak

    Full Text Available Charles Wagley's work, firmly in the Boasian tradition, reflects his association with and training by Franz Boas, but especially by Ruth Benedict and Ruth Bunzel. Wagley's career as an ethnographer began in the Guatemalan highland town of Santiago Chimaltenango in 1937. Soon thereafter, he turned from Guatemala to Brazil, where he did his first field research (1939-1940 among the Tapirapé Indians. Wagley's Tapirapé revisits culminated in his last book, "Welcome of tears: the Tapirapé Indians of Central Brazil" (1977. Wagley's study of Gurupá began in 1948 and produced various editions of his popular book "Amazon town: a study of man in the Tropics". Wagley co-directed the Bahia State-Columbia University Community Study Project in 1951-1952, culminating in the edited book "Race and class in rural Brazil". Over time, Wagley focused increasingly on non-Indians, ranging from rural towns like Gurupá to Brazilian culture as a whole. Illustrating the latter, Wagley wrote two editions of "Introduction to Brazil", a culturally insightful text that examined unity and diversity in Brazilian culture and society. A man of careful scholarship and keen intellect, Chuck Wagley took great pride in the excellence of his teaching and writing; he also enjoyed sharing his knowledge and insights with a larger public

  15. Charles Darwin and the origins of plant evolutionary developmental biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, William E; Diggle, Pamela K

    2011-04-01

    Much has been written of the early history of comparative embryology and its influence on the emergence of an evolutionary developmental perspective. However, this literature, which dates back nearly a century, has been focused on metazoans, without acknowledgment of the contributions of comparative plant morphologists to the creation of a developmental view of biodiversity. We trace the origin of comparative plant developmental morphology from its inception in the eighteenth century works of Wolff and Goethe, through the mid nineteenth century discoveries of the general principles of leaf and floral organ morphogenesis. Much like the stimulus that von Baer provided as a nonevolutionary comparative embryologist to the creation of an evolutionary developmental view of animals, the comparative developmental studies of plant morphologists were the basis for the first articulation of the concept that plant (namely floral) evolution results from successive modifications of ontogeny. Perhaps most surprisingly, we show that the first person to carefully read and internalize the remarkable advances in the understanding of plant morphogenesis in the 1840s and 1850s is none other than Charles Darwin, whose notebooks, correspondence, and (then) unpublished manuscripts clearly demonstrate that he had discovered the developmental basis for the evolutionary transformation of plant form.

  16. John Tweedie and Charles Darwin in Buenos Aires.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ollerton, Jeff; Chancellor, Gordon; van Wyhe, John

    2012-06-20

    The journey of exploration undertaken by Charles Darwin FRS during the voyage of HMS Beagle has a central place within the historical development of evolutionary theory and has been intensively studied. Despite this, new facts continue to emerge about some of the details of Darwin's activities. Drawing on recently published Darwin material and unpublished letters in the archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, we document a hitherto unexamined link between Darwin and John Tweedie (1775-1862), a relatively obscure Scottish gardener turned South American plant collector. All of the available evidence points to a meeting between the two men in Buenos Aires in 1832. Tweedie provided Darwin with information about the geography of the Rio Paraná, including the locality of fossilized wood eroding from the river bank. It also seems likely that Tweedie supplied Darwin with seeds that he later shipped back to John Stevens Henslow in Cambridge. Although this brief meeting was at the time relatively unimportant to either man, echoes of that encounter have resonated with Tweedie's descendants to the present day and have formed the basis for a family story about a written correspondence between Darwin and Tweedie. Local information supplied to Darwin by residents such as Tweedie was clearly important and deserves further attention.

  17. The curious case of charles darwin and homeopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ullman, Dana

    2010-03-01

    In 1849, Charles Darwin was so ill that he was unable to work one out of every 3 days, and after having various troubling symptoms for 2-12 years, he wrote to a friend that he was 'going the way of all flesh'. He sought treatment from Dr James Manby Gully, a medical doctor who used water cure and homeopathic medicines. Despite being highly skeptical of these treatments, he experienced a dramatic improvement in his health, though some of his digestive and skin symptoms returned various times in his life. He grew to appreciate water cure, but remained skeptical of homeopathy, even though his own experiments on insectivore plants using what can be described as homeopathic doses of ammonia salts surprised and shocked him with their significant biological effect. Darwin even expressed concern that he should publish these results. Two of Darwin's sons were as incredulous as he was, but their observations confirmed the results of his experiments. Darwin was also known to have read a book on evolution written by a homeopathic physician that Darwin described as similar to his own but 'goes much deeper.'

  18. Introducción a la contribución de Roy Schafer sobre los mecanismos defensivos en la técnica de Rorschach

    OpenAIRE

    1997-01-01

    Atendiendo a la importancia que, en el proceso psicodiagnóstico, posee el tema de la evaluación de las “defensas” y teniendo en cuenta la aridez y dificultad de su abordaje, surgió la idea de revisar esta temática a partir de revalorizar el aporte de Roy Schafer en su libro Interpretación psicoanalítica del Test de Rorschach, teoría y aplicación. El presente trabajo constituye el inicio de este camino, sus fines son esencialmente didácticos ya que coincidimos en que se trata de “funcionamient...

  19. Mitochondrial disorder caused Charles Darwin's cyclic vomiting syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Finsterer J

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Josef Finsterer,1 John Hayman21Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftng, Vienna, Austria; 2Department of Pathology, University of Melbourne, Victoria, AustraliaBackground: Charles Darwin (CD, “father of modern biology,” suffered from multisystem illness from early adulthood. The most disabling manifestation was cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS. This study aims at finding the possible cause of CVS in CD.Methods: A literature search using the PubMed database was carried out, and CD's complaints, as reported in his personal writings and those of his relatives, friends, colleagues, biographers, were compared with various manifestations of mitochondrial disorders (MIDs, known to cause CVS, described in the literature.Results: Organ tissues involved in CD's disease were brain, nerves, muscles, vestibular apparatus, heart, gut, and skin. Cerebral manifestations included episodic headache, visual disturbance, episodic memory loss, periodic paralysis, hysterical crying, panic attacks, and episodes of depression. Manifestations of polyneuropathy included numbness, paresthesias, increased sweating, temperature sensitivity, and arterial hypotension. Muscular manifestations included periods of exhaustion, easy fatigability, myalgia, and muscle twitching. Cardiac manifestations included episodes of palpitations and chest pain. Gastrointestinal manifestations were CVS, dental problems, abnormal seasickness, eructation, belching, and flatulence. Dermatological manifestations included painful lips, dermatitis, eczema, and facial edema. Treatments with beneficial effects to his complaints were rest, relaxation, heat, and hydrotherapy.Conclusion: CVS in CD was most likely due to a multisystem, nonsyndromic MID. This diagnosis is based upon the multisystem nature of his disease, the fact that CVS is most frequently the manifestation of a MID, the family history, the variable phenotypic expression between affected family members, the fact that symptoms were triggered by stress

  20. Charles-Quint dans la communication publique en Allemagne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan-Dirk Müller

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Les « chansons populaires historiques » transmises par la tradition orale sont en Allemagne le fruit de l’agitation politique dans une société encore essentiellement analphabète. Sous le règne de l’empereur Charles-Quint, elles reflètent la transition de l’idée médiévale d’une monarchie universelle vers une monarchie nationale de la première modernité, et de l’image d’un empereur comme chef profane de la chrétienté tout entière à celle du meneur d’une faction confessionnelle, celle de l’Église catholique.Las «canciones populares históricas» transmitidas por la tradición oral son en Alemania el fruto de la agitación política en una sociedad aún analfabeta en su mayor parte. Bajo el reinado del emperador Carlos V, reflejan la transición de la idea medieval de una monarquía universal hacia una monarquía nacional de la primera modernidad, y de la imagen de un emperador como cabeza profana de toda la cristiandad a la del cabecilla de una facción confesional, la de la Iglesia católica.Die mündlich vorgetragenen „historischen Volkslieder“ sind in Deutschland politische Agitation in einer überwiegend noch analphabetischen Gesellschaft. In der Regierungszeit Kaiser Karls V. spiegeln sie den Wandel von der mittelalterlichen Idee der Universalmonarchie zur nationalen Monarchie der Frühen Neuzeit und vom Bild des Kaisers als des weltlichen Oberhaupts der ganzen Christenheit zum Anführer einer konfessionellen Fraktion, der römischen Kirche.

  1. Charles Darwin and the evolution of human grammatical systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buckingham, Hugh W; Christman, Sarah S

    2010-04-08

    Charles Darwin's evolutionary theories of animal communication were deeply embedded in a centuries-old model of association psychology, whose prodromes have most often been traced to the writings of Aristotle. His notions of frequency of occurrence of pairings have been passed down through the centuries and were a major ontological feature in the formation of associative connectivity. He focused on the associations of cause and effect, contiguity of sequential occurrence, and similarity among items. Cause and effect were often reduced to another type of contiguity relation, so that Aristotle is most often evoked as the originator of the associative bondings through similarity and contiguity, contiguity being the most powerful and frequent means of association. Contiguity eventually became the overriding mechanism for serial ordering of mental events in both perception and action. The notions of concatenation throughout the association psychology took the form of "trains" of events, both sensory and motor, in such a way that serial ordering came to be viewed as an item-by-item string of locally contiguous events. Modern developments in the mathematics of serial ordering have advanced in sophistication since the early and middle twentieth century, and new computational methods have allowed us to reevaluate the serial concatenative theories of Darwin and the associationists. These new models of serial order permit a closer comparative scrutiny between human and nonhuman. The present study considers Darwin's insistence on a "degree" continuity between human and nonhuman animal serial ordering. We will consider a study of starling birdsongs and whether the serial ordering of those songs provides evidence that they have a syntax that at best differs only in degree and not in kind with the computations of human grammatical structures. We will argue that they, in fact, show no such thing.

  2. Discussion on Roy adaptation model in clinical nursing students%Roy适应模式在实习护生中应用现状及思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王硕; 井坤娟

    2014-01-01

    The application of Roy adaptation model in clinical nursing students is relatively common. Through literature review, this paper summarizes the application of Roy adaptation model in clinical nursing students of different levels, different departments, different teaching practices, different gender, and puts forward our own thinking, aiming at providing a theoretical basis for the clinical teachers’ guidance and further research.%Roy适应模式在实习护生中的应用比较普遍,通过相关文献的复习,针对Roy适应模式在不同层次、不同科室、不同实习机构、不同性别的实习护生中的应用进行了综述,并提出了自己的思考,以期为临床带教老师有针对性地进行指导及进一步的系统研究提供理论依据。

  3. The pion-pion scattering amplitude. IV: Improved analysis with once subtracted Roy-like equations up to 1100 MeV

    CERN Document Server

    Martín, R García-; Peláez, J R; de Elvira, J Ruiz; Ynduráin, F J

    2011-01-01

    We improve our description of pion-pion scattering data by imposing additional requirements to our previous fits, in the form of once-subtracted Roy-like equations, while extending our analysis up to 1100 MeV. We provide simple and ready to use parametrizations of the amplitude. In addition, we present a detailed description and derivation of these once-subtracted dispersion relations that, in the 450 to 1100 MeV region, provide an additional constraint which is much stronger than our previous requirements of Forward Dispersion Relations and standard Roy equations. The ensuing constrained amplitudes describe the existing data with rather small uncertainties in the whole region from threshold up to 1100 MeV, while satisfying very stringent dispersive constraints. For the S0 wave, this requires an improved matching of the low and high energy parametrizations. Also for this wave we have considered the latest low energy Kl4 decay results, including their isospin violation correction, and we have removed some cont...

  4. BOOK REVIEW: Jean-Charles Houzeau et son temps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterken, C.; Verhas, P.

    2002-12-01

    This is a wonderful book. It describes the life and work of Belgian astronomer Jean-Charles Houzeau (1820-1888) and, as the last three words of the title indicate, it has a broader focus including the social, industrial and scientific context of the second part of the 19th century. This is set in a very broad international social context including social revolutions in Belgium and France, and the abolition of slavery in the United States. The biography clearly shows that this hard-working man was driven by science and justice, by individualism and generosity, by humor and sentiment. The book is divided in four parts, each part is placed in its own historical context. The first part "The apprentice, the master and his disciples" describes Houzeau's childhood and young years, his early scientific career at the Observatory in Brussels, and his relationship with Adolphe Quetelet. The evolution of this relationship is very well documented: the turbulent revolutionary Houzeau versus cool, moderated and diplomatic royalist Quetelet, the observer versus the mathematician theorist. But both were very dedicated teachers: Quetelet established public courses and after the Revolution of 1830 he contributed to the foundation of the University of Brussels; Houzeau was the peripatetic teacher wherever place he was, also after his return to Belgium. The second part is "The politician" and deals with Houzeau's political ideas and revolutionary attitudes and their consequences. His revolutionary ideas, though, were not confined to politics only: he also severely criticised the paucity of high-precision observations collected at the Royal Observatory in his days. Because he participated at revolutionary meetings, Houzeau was fired from his position at the Observatory by the Minister of Interior Affairs Charles Rogier. Thus started his peripathetic life, covering observational work in astronomy, geography, geodesy and natural sciences in many places in Belgium and abroad. The third

  5. Is it time to retire the A.V. Hill Model?: A rebuttal to the article by Professor Roy Shephard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noakes, Timothy D

    2011-04-01

    Recent publications by Emeritus Professor Roy Shephard propose that a "small group of investigators who have argued repeatedly (over the past 13 years) for a 'Central Governor'," should now either "Put up or shut up." Failing this, their 'hypothesis' should be 'consigned to the bottom draw for future reference'; but Professor Shephard's arguments are contradictory. Thus, in different sections of his article, Professor Shephard explains: why there is no need for a brain to regulate exercise performance; why there is no proof that the brain regulates exercise performance; and why the brain's proven role in the regulation of exercise performance is already so well established that additional comment and research is unnecessary. Hence, "The higher centres of an endurance athlete … call forth an initial effort … at a level where a minimal accumulation of lactate in the peripheral muscles is sensed." Furthermore, "a variety of standard texts have illustrated the many mutually redundant feedback loops (to the nervous system) that limit exercise." Yet, the figure from Professor Shephard's 1982 textbook does not contain any links between the nervous system, "many mutually redundant feedback loops" and skeletal muscle. This disproves his contradictory claims that although there is neither any need for, nor any proof of, any role of the brain in the regulation of exercise performance, the physiological mechanisms for this (non-existent) control were already well established in 1982. In contrast, the Central Governor Model (CGM) developed by our "small group … in a single laboratory" after 1998, provides a simple and unique explanation of how 'redundant feedback loops' can assist in the regulation of exercise behaviour. In this rebuttal to his article, I identify (i) the numerous contradictions included in Professor Shephard's argument; (ii) the real meaning of the facts that he presents; (iii) the importance of the evidence that he ignores; and (iv) the different

  6. A Trans-Indian Ocean Hydrographic Section at Latitude 32 deg S Data Report of RRS Charles Darwin Cruise 29

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    Data Report of RRS Charles Darwin Cruise #29 by Margaret F. Cook, John M. Toole, and George P. Knapp Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Woods Hole...Report of RRS Charles Darwin Cruise #29 by Margaret F. Cook, John M. Toole, and George P. Knapp Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Woods Hole... Charles Darwin was a multi-institution oceanographic effort. A U.S. contingent of thirteen joined by four shipboard technicians from NERC/RVS (Table

  7. Pragmatisme dalam Filsafat Kontemporer: Analisa atas pemikiran Charles S. Peirce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustaqim Mustaqim

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Filsafat menurut bahasa berasal dari Griek (Yunani berasal dari kata Pilos (cinta, Sophos (kebijaksanaan, “Mahabatul Hikmah” pecinta ilmu pengetahuan. Filsafat menurut term: ingin tahu dengan mendalam (cinta pada kebijaksanaan. Phytagoras mengatakan bahwa pengetahuan dalam artinya yang lengkap tidak sesuai untuk manusia . tiap-tiap orang yang mengalami kesukaran-kesukaran dalam memperolehnya dan meskipun menghabiskan seluruh umurnya, namun ia tidak akan mencapai tepinya. Jadi pengetahuan adalah perkara yang kita cari dan kita ambil sebagian darinya tanpa mencakup keseluruhannya. Oleh karena itu, maka kita bukan ahli pengetahuan, melainkan pencari dan pencinta pengetahuan. Secara istilah, Penulis mengutip pendapat Muhtar yahya bahwa berfikir filsafat ialah “pemikiran yang sedalam-dalamnya yang bebas dan teliti bertujuan hanya mencari hakikat kebenaran tentang alam semesta, alam manusia dan dibalik alam”. Pragmatisme dalam Filsafat Kontemporer: Dalam bidang filsafat ilmu, pemikiran Charles Sanders Peirce merupakan suatu hal yang mendasar bagi siapa saja yang berminat mengkaji Islam, karena akar pemikiran studi agama terdapat dalam struktur pemikiran Peirce. Dikenal sebagai perintis dan tokoh utama aliran filsafat pragmatisme.  Pierce juga termasuk salah satu pioner dalam logika matematika abad ke-19.  Secara profesional, ia adalah seorang ilmuwan praktisi ahli geodesi, astronomi, dan kimia. Epistemologi Peirce berlatar belakang prgamatis dan ahli logika, epistemologinya banyak disampaikan melalui logikanya, oleh karenanya epitemologi Peirce digolongkan sebagai epistemologi kontemporer. Peirce dengan filsafat pragmatisme (filsafat bertindak, memandang bahwa; suatu hipotesa dianggap benar apabila mendatangkan manfaat. Pragmatisme dikatagorikan dalam teori kebenaran. Peirce membagi kebenaran menjadi dua, yakni kebenaran transendental dan kebenaran kompleks. Kebenaran kompleks terdiri dari kebenaran etis (psikologis yaitu keselarasan

  8. Application of the Roy adaptation model in Parkinson's disease nursing%Roy适应模式在帕金森病护理中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张会平

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨Roy适应模式在帕金森病护理中的应用效果.方法:选取神经内科住院治疗的84例帕金森病患者随机分为试验组(42例)和对照组(42例),观察组采用Roy适应模式中的生理、自我概念、角色功能及相互依赖4种适应模式进行整体化护理,对照组采用常规护理方法,治疗时间均为8周.治疗前后运用帕金森病的临床分级和改良的Webster评分量表对所有患者进行评定.结果:治疗后试验组的症状、体征及日常生活功能较对照组明显提高(P<0.05).结论:运用Roy适应模式能明显提高帕金森病的治疗效果,改善患者的生存质量.%Objective-To Investigate the application effect of Roy adaptation model in Parkinson's disease nursing. Methods:Chose neurology hospital treat-meat of 84 patients with Parkinson's disease patients were randomly divided into the observation group (42 cases)and control group(42 cases),the observation group was treated with Roy adaptation model in physiology, self concept , role function and interdependence 4 adaptation model of holistic nursing care, the control group using conventional nursing methods, treatment time was 8 weeks. Before and after treatment with Parkinson's disease clinical grading and modified Webster score scale on all patients assessed. Results:After the treatment,the symptoms,signs and the test group of daily living function improved significantly compared with the control group( P < 0.05). Conclusion: The use of Roy adaptation model can significantly improve the treatment of Parkinson disease effect, improve the life quality of the patients.

  9. Complex visual hallucinations in a Parkinson patient: don't blame James if it's Charles's fault.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segers, Kurt

    2013-03-01

    A patient with a history of Parkinson's disease and severe bilateral peripheral vision loss due to vitreous hemorrhages had complex visual hallucinations that persisted for three days and appeared every morning on awakening. The persistent nature of these hallucinations, the patient's preserved insight, and the presence of severe visual impairment was suggestive for Charles Bonnet syndrome rather than Parkinson-related hallucinations. A treatment with carbamazepine was started and proved to be successful. Physicians treating Parkinson patients should be familiar with Charles Bonnet syndrome and consider it as a potential alternative etiology for visual hallucinations, especially when the patient has severely impaired vision and when the hallucinations are sustained during wakefulness.

  10. The iconography of the flags of Charles V: examples and documents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús F. Pascual Molina

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The Emperor Charles V formed an important group of arms and armor in his armory at Valladolid. In 1556, during his last journey to Spain, new pieces were sent to this royal armory; after his death they passed to Philip II, who sent them to Madrid, where he ordered a new building especially for the collection. Among these pieces was an important group of flags linked to major episodes of the Emperor’s life. The author describes the flags and their iconography, providing as well unpublished archival materials, which permit a better understanding of the flags used in times of Caesar Charles and their meanings.

  11. 探索Jean-Charles de Castelbajac的波普艺术魅力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱蕙琳; 刘晓刚

    2011-01-01

    一、背景介绍走在时尚世界风头浪尖的设计大师Jean-Charles de Castelbajac令人惊叹的想象力和具有孩童气息的创造能力让他的每一个作品都蕴含着别具一格的特色。如果说同样来自法国的Jean-Paul Gaultier是时装界的坏孩子,那么Jean-Charles de Castelbajac则无疑是时装界的Andy Warhol,

  12. Maestros, ideas y lecturas que cambiaron el pensamiento de Charles Robert Darwin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Priora

    Full Text Available This paper sets out to review Charles Darwin’s teachers, readings, and which ideas and other events had a definite impact on his mental framework, to the extent that they prompted him to dismiss some ideas while adopting others. When discussing Charles Darwin, we will devote to his ancestors, studies, teachers, friendships, readings, and the doubts that nagged him throughout his life. In short, we will refer tothe whole collection of the personal experiences that shaped and transformed his thought, to the point of prompting him to write a book that shook up the world.

  13. Charles Darwin havde et nuanceret syn på dyreforsøg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen

    2015-01-01

    Jeg har i en tidligere blog været inde på, hvordan Charles Darwins evolutionsteori har haft betydning for vores valg af forsøgsdyr. Men hvordan så Charles Darwin egentlig selv på dyreforsøg og dyrevelfærd? Faktisk var det et emne, der optog ham dybt. Allerede i 1838, over tyve år før offentliggør...... (engelsk: The Descent of Man). Først da turde han på tryk redegøre for, at mennesket og dyrene har fælles ophav....

  14. Evolution du parcours génératif : vers un remaniement des structures spatiales dans La Route d'Altamont de Gabrielle Roy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Navarette Pierre-Antoine

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A partir d’une sémiotique de l’espace appliquée à l’œuvre de G. Roy, La Route d’Altamont, publiée en 1966, nous nous proposons à travers cet article de mesurer l’évolution du modèle d’analyse du parcours génératif au sein de la théorie générale de la signification, tel qu’il a été présenté par A. J. Greimas et J. Courtès dans Le Dictionnaire raisonné de la théorie du langage, puis par J. Fontanille dans Sémiotique du discours et Sémiotique et littérature notamment, afin de pouvoir évaluer la pertinence de ses mécanismes et la puissance de son appareil théorique. Sur le plan épistémologique, nous nous intéresserons donc aux transformations qui se sont opérées lors du passage d’une version du parcours génératif à l’autre. Pour mener à bien cette étude, et pour pouvoir mesurer les implications d’un tel remaniement théorique, nous nous baserons donc sur des fragments textuels mettant en exergue précisément ce qu’autorise en matière de production de sens le nouveau modèle fontanillien : nous étudierons ainsi La Route d’Altamont de G. Roy afin de dégager des structures spatiales relevant d’un ordre sémiotique différent de celui que propose la théorie classique lorsque celle-ci, par exemple, situe exclusivement au niveau fondamental les valeurs abstraites et axiologiques.

  15. On 20th Anniversary of Effort, EPA Gives Charles River a B+ and Publishes Live Water Quality Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA has given a grade of B+ for water quality in the Charles River during 2014. The grade reflects the slight drop in water quality, encouraging more work to be done. This is the 20th year EPA has issued a Charles River Report Card.

  16. Charles Silberman's "Crisis in the Classroom, The Remaking of American Education": A Critical Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costley, Kevin C.

    2009-01-01

    In 1970, journalist and scholar Charles Silberman published "Crisis in the Classroom; the Remaking of American Education." His intended audiences was teachers and students, school board members and taxpayers, public officials and civic leaders, newspaper and magazine editors and readers, television directors and viewers, parents and children.…

  17. Of Roman chariots and goats in overcoats : The syndrome of Charles Bonnet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Plummer, Chris; Kleinitz, Anne; Vroomen, Patrick; Watts, Roger

    2007-01-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is a widely under-recognised disorder typically characterised by complex visual hallucinations in the visually impaired. The lack of consensus over a uniform definition for CBS has much to do with the unresolved pathophysiology of the disorder. A leading hypothesis prop

  18. Low awareness of the Charles Bonnet syndrome in patients attending a retinal clinic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singh, Amardeep; Subhi, Yousif; Sørensen, Torben Lykke

    2014-01-01

    Visually impaired patients may experience visual hallucinations due to the Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS). While benign in nature, these hallucinations may cause distress in those unfamiliar with the phenomenon. The overall purpose of this study was to determine the degree of awareness of CBS...

  19. [Transient charles bonnet syndrome after excision of a right occipital meningioma: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arai, Takao; Hasegawa, Yuzuru; Tanaka, Toshihide; Kato, Naoki; Watanabe, Mitsuyoshi; Nakamura, Aya; Murayama, Yuichi

    2014-05-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome is a condition characterized by visual hallucinations. These simple or complex visual hallucinations are more common in elderly individuals with impaired peripheral vision. The current report describes a case of transient Charles Bonnet syndrome appearing after the removal of a meningioma. The patient was a 61-year-old man who already had impaired visual acuity due to diabetic retinopathy. Brain MRI revealed a cystic tumor severely compressing the right occipital lobe. Starting on day 2 postoperatively, the patient was troubled by recurring visual hallucinations involving people, flowers, pictures, and familiar settings(the train and a coffee shop). These continued for 3.5 months. This period roughly coincided with the time for the occipital lobe to recover from the compression caused by the tumor, a fact that was confirmed by several MRI scans. ¹²³I-IMP SPECT performed 1 month after the surgical operation showed an area of hypoperfusion in the right parieto-occipital lobe. Based on the patient's clinical course and MRI findings, the mechanism of onset of visual hallucinations in this patient was put forward. The release of pressure in the brain by tumor removal and subsequent recovery changed the blood flow to the brain. This triggered visual hallucinations in the patient, who was already predisposed to developing Charles Bonnet syndrome because of diabetic retinopathy. This case is interesting since it indicates that central neurological factors, as well as visual deficits, may induce the appearance of visual hallucinations in Charles Bonnet syndrome.

  20. 75 FR 67095 - Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge, Montana

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge, Montana AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior (DOI). ACTION: Notice; extension of comment period. SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, are extending the comment period for...

  1. 75 FR 54381 - Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge, MT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-07

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge, MT AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of availability: Draft...; request for comments. SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), announce the...

  2. The Metanarrative of Consequences in the Pragmatism of Charles Sanders Peirce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Greg

    This paper proposes that elements of pragmatist philosophy are anti-rhetorical and encourage a cultural status quo. It tries to isolate the idiosyncratic meaning of the vocabulary that Charles Sanders Peirce uses in the foundational definition of pragmatism and shows how his reliance on logic forestalls possibilities for agency. Antonio Gramsci's…

  3. Identifying Success Factors of ICT in Developing a Learning Community: Case Study Charles Sturt University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Matthew; Uys, Philip

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: A learning community has been developing in a distributed environment amongst the members of the Centre for Enhancing of Learning and Teaching (CELT) located in the Bathurst, Goulburn and Orange campuses of Charles Sturt University. This group is known by the acronym of GDMOB, with the purpose of the community to facilitate the…

  4. Refining the Charles F. Kettering Profile for a Junior High School Student Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, William L.; Johnson, Annabel M.

    This study investigated the factor structure of the Charles F. Kettering Scale, a measure of climate used frequently for program and curriculum revision. A total of 228 students from a junior high school campus of a large school district in the Southwestern United States completed the General Climate Factors section of the Kettering scale. Primary…

  5. A Psychometric Analysis of the Charles F. Kettering Scale for a Junior High School Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, William L.; Johnson, Annabel M.

    The reliability, validity, and factor structure of the Charles F. Kettering Scale, an instrument for the development of personnel and programs in schools, were investigated. The 40-item General Climate Factors section of the scale, a measure of educational environment, was completed by 30 administrators and teachers, 78 ninth graders, 66 eighth…

  6. Revisiting Charles H. Thompson's Proposals for Educating Gifted African American Students, 1933-1961

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray, Louis

    2012-01-01

    Charles H. Thompson is best known as the founder and the first editor-in-chief of "The Journal of Negro Education" (1932-1963). Throughout his career, Thompson sought to extend educational opportunity in ways that were "for the good of Negro education as a whole." His main concern was in educating future leaders for service in African American…

  7. Agency and industry : Charles C. Gillispie’s "The Natural History of Industry," then and now

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roberts, L.L.

    2013-01-01

    Charles Coulston Gillispie’s “The Discovery of the Leblanc Process” and “The Natural History of Industry” (Isis 48 (1957): 152–70, 398–407) were unique, yet characteristic of their era. Together, they engaged with discussions of the historical relationship between science and industry. While influen

  8. Prints Charles sõdib oma linnakese eest ja halvustajate vastu / Alan Wheatley

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wheatley, Alan

    1998-01-01

    Briti troonipärija prints Charlesi loodud Poundbury uusrajoonist Cornwalli krahvkonnas. 2500 ettenähtud majast on valmis 142. Prints Charlesi eesmärk on järgida rohkem inimeste vajadusi kui planeerimispõhimõtteid. Põhiplaan arhitekt Leon Krier'ilt. Erinevaid arvamusi linnakese kohta, s. h. parlamendi ehituskomitee positiivne hinnang. Prints Charles inglise modernse arhitektuuri kriitikina

  9. [Prime Ministers Eugenia Charles of Dominica, Margaret Thatcher and Indira Gandhi

    OpenAIRE

    Cooper, Neil

    2004-01-01

    207 x 153 mm. A photograph showing Eugenia Charles, Prime Minister of Dominica, Margaret Thatcher, British Prime Minister, and Indira Gandhi, Indian Prime Minister, with Tom Adams, Prime Minister of Barbados, and Lester Bird, Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Antigua and Barbuda, behind them. The delegates are pictured at Fort Aguada, Goa.

  10. Projetos de Prefácios de As Flores do Mal, de Charles Baudelaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Baudelaire

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: O trabalho consiste na tradução dos quatro projetos de prefácios que Baudelaire escreveu para As Flores do Mal, cujos rascunhos foram publicados apenas postumamente. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Charles Baudelaire, As Flores do Mal, Crítica literária, Poesia, Tradução.

  11. Projetos de Prefácios de As Flores do Mal, de Charles Baudelaire

    OpenAIRE

    Charles Baudelaire; Grace Alves da Paixão

    2009-01-01

    RESUMO: O trabalho consiste na tradução dos quatro projetos de prefácios que Baudelaire escreveu para As Flores do Mal, cujos rascunhos foram publicados apenas postumamente. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Charles Baudelaire, As Flores do Mal, Crítica literária, Poesia, Tradução.

  12. Charles Morris's Semiotic Model and Analytical Studies of Visual and Verbal Representations in Technical Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Jiang-Ping

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the author demonstrates that the semiotic model proposed by Charles Morris enables us to optimize our understanding of technical communication practices and provides a good point of inquiry. To illustrate this point, the author exemplifies the semiotic approaches by scholars in technical communication and elaborates Morris's model…

  13. Charles C. Fries in Japan: A Case Study in Methodological Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henrichsen, Lynn E.

    The success of Charles C. Fries' Oral Approach to teaching English as a second language (ESL) as promoted in Japan by the English Language Exploratory Committee in the late 1950s and early 1960s is examined according to Jack Richards' four major factors that affect the course of a teaching method: appeals to facts; appeals to authority; form of…

  14. The Essential Charles Dickens School Resource: Contemporary Approaches to Teaching Classic Texts Ages 7-14

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robins, Gill; Evans-Jones, Laura-Jane

    2012-01-01

    Charles Dickens is arguably the greatest storyteller in English Literature and his novels have been loved and respected for nearly two hundred years. As accurate reflections of Victorian society they are unparalleled. Vivid characters and realistic settings are created in the mind of the reader, all laced with Dickens inimitable humour, wit and…

  15. Darwin's Other Bulldog: Charles Kingsley and the Popularisation of Evolution in Victorian England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hale, Piers J.

    2012-01-01

    The nineteenth-century Anglican Priest Charles Kingsley (1819-1875) was a significant populariser of Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection. Kingsley was successful in this regard because he developed such diverse connections throughout his career. In the 1840s he associated with Chartists and radical journalists; in the 1850s and 1860s…

  16. Charles Huntington, Ojibwe Sculptor. With Teacher's Guide. Native Americans of the Twentieth Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minneapolis Public Schools, MN.

    A biography for the elementary grades of Charles Huntington (Ojibwe), an American Indian sculptor, includes photographs of the artist and some of his work. A teacher's guide following the bibilography contains information on sculpture and the Ojibwe people, suggested activities for learning about sculpture and sculptors, learning objectives and…

  17. 77 FR 67829 - Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge, MT...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-14

    .... Montana State University- 1500 University Drive, 406-657-2011 Billings. Billings, MT 59101. Montana State... Refuge, MT; Availability of Record of Decision for the Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and Final... of the message. U.S. mail: Charles M. Russell NWR, P.O. Box 110, Lewistown, MT 59457....

  18. New Workflows for Born-Digital Assets: Managing Charles E. Bracker's Orchid Photographs Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurford, Amanda A.; Runyon, Carolyn F.

    2011-01-01

    Charles E. Bracker was a professor of botany and plant pathology at Purdue University from 1964 to 1999. His late wife, Anri, was an orchid enthusiast who began collecting and housing orchids in the 1980s. In 2009, Bracker's 30,000 digital orchid photographs were donated to Ball State University Libraries, where both of this article's authors…

  19. 77 FR 55503 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration; Cambrex Charles City, Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-10

    ... company's physical security systems, verification of the company's compliance with state and local laws... Phenylacetone (8501) II Opium, raw (9600) II Poppy Straw Concentrate (9670) II The company plans to import the... 1, 1971. DEA has investigated Cambrex Charles City, Inc. to ensure that the company's registration...

  20. The Voyage of the Beagle: Field Work Lessons from Charles Darwin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Louis M.

    1987-01-01

    Analyzes Charles Darwin's letters to his family during his voyage on H.M.S. Beagle. Relates the information to the development of Darwin's professional identity and the degree to which the concepts, field methods, and research methods revealed in Darwin's personal correspondence are useful to students of educational administration. (MD)

  1. Autorská kniha: Arthur Charles Clarke - Stěna z temnoty

    OpenAIRE

    LIŠKOVÁ, Marie

    2016-01-01

    This thesis is devoted to life and work of writer named Arthur Charles Clarke. The first part introduces the author and his work, particulary the short story "The Wall of Darkness". The second part describes the creation of the autor´s book, including the ideological base. All of the parts are thematically connected to each other.

  2. The Essential Charles Dickens School Resource: Contemporary Approaches to Teaching Classic Texts Ages 7-14

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robins, Gill; Evans-Jones, Laura-Jane

    2012-01-01

    Charles Dickens is arguably the greatest storyteller in English Literature and his novels have been loved and respected for nearly two hundred years. As accurate reflections of Victorian society they are unparalleled. Vivid characters and realistic settings are created in the mind of the reader, all laced with Dickens inimitable humour, wit and…

  3. Readings on Charles Dickens. The Greenhaven Press Literary Companion to British Authors. Literary Companion Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swisher, Clarice, Ed.

    Intended as an accessible resource for students researching Great Britain's greatest literary figures, this collection of essays about Charles Dickens's (1812-1870) work contains an in-depth biography and essays taken from a wide variety of sources. The essays are edited to accommodate the reading and comprehension levels of young adults; each…

  4. "A CHRISTMAS CAROL" BY CHARLES DICKENS AS A MEDIATOR WORK AND TYPE OF CULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikhnovets N. G.

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The article examines Charles Dickens’s novel "A Christmas Carol" that correlates with the biblical history and sacred images enshrined in the Western European Figurative Art. This C. Dickens’s novel, based on the Old Testament and the New Testament foundation, promoted the restoration of the Christmas story.

  5. Major General Charles Ryder: The Forging of a World War II Division Commander

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-04

    source documents. I owe a deep debt of gratitude to COL(P) Jon Jensen and LTC(P) Charles Kemper both of which have provided me a decade of mentorship...the trench warfare stalemate would have to end through an aggressive war of maneuvers. The 1st Division Histories recorded, “Through keenness of

  6. Darwin and Teacher: An Analysis of the Mentorship between Charles Darwin and Professor John Henslow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGreevy, Ann

    1990-01-01

    The paper examines the mentorship between Charles Darwin and his teacher, John Stevens Henslow of Cambridge University (England). The importance of a mentor in stimulating creative productivity is demonstrated through discussion of their teaching and learning styles, their interests, their time spent together, and Henslow's character traits.…

  7. Chiari-like malformation and syringomyelia in cavalier King Charles spaniels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rusbridge, C.

    2007-01-01

    This thesis is the cumulation of over a decade of study into the pathogenesis and treatment Chiari-like malformation and syringomyelia (CM/SM) in the cavalier King Charles spaniel (CKCS). Chiari-like malformation is a condition where the brain is too big for the skull and is crushed and pushed out t

  8. The Voyage of the Beagle: Field Work Lessons from Charles Darwin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Louis M.

    1987-01-01

    Analyzes Charles Darwin's letters to his family during his voyage on H.M.S. Beagle. Relates the information to the development of Darwin's professional identity and the degree to which the concepts, field methods, and research methods revealed in Darwin's personal correspondence are useful to students of educational administration. (MD)

  9. Darwin's Other Bulldog: Charles Kingsley and the Popularisation of Evolution in Victorian England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hale, Piers J.

    2012-01-01

    The nineteenth-century Anglican Priest Charles Kingsley (1819-1875) was a significant populariser of Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection. Kingsley was successful in this regard because he developed such diverse connections throughout his career. In the 1840s he associated with Chartists and radical journalists; in the 1850s and 1860s…

  10. Darwin and Teacher: An Analysis of the Mentorship between Charles Darwin and Professor John Henslow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGreevy, Ann

    1990-01-01

    The paper examines the mentorship between Charles Darwin and his teacher, John Stevens Henslow of Cambridge University (England). The importance of a mentor in stimulating creative productivity is demonstrated through discussion of their teaching and learning styles, their interests, their time spent together, and Henslow's character traits.…

  11. An appreciation of Christiane Groehen: the correspondence between Charles Darwin and Anton Dohrn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Browne, Janet

    2015-01-01

    Anton Dohrn was introduced to Darwinism by Ernst Haeckel during his student years at Jena, and became an eager disciple of Charles Darwin's work. He founded the Stazione Zoologica in 1872. Darwin became a patron of Dohrn's Stazione, and the two naturalists corresponded regularly. This article discusses their relationship and the contributions of Christiane Groeben to its elucidation.

  12. BOOK REVIEW Cracking the Einstein Code: Relativity and the Birth of Black Hole Physics With an Afterword by Roy Kerr Cracking the Einstein Code: Relativity and the Birth of Black Hole Physics With an Afterword by Roy Kerr

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Bernard

    2011-02-01

    General relativity is arguably the most beautiful scientific theory ever conceived but its status within mainstream physics has vacillated since it was proposed in 1915. It began auspiciously with the successful explanation of the precession of Mercury and the dramatic confirmation of light-bending in the 1919 solar eclipse expedition, which turned Einstein into an overnight celebrity. Though little noticed at the time, there was also Karl Schwarzschild's discovery of the spherically symmetric solution in 1916 (later used to predict the existence of black holes) and Alexander Friedmann's discovery of the cosmological solution in 1922 (later confirmed by the discovery of the cosmic expansion). Then for 40 years the theory was more or less forgotten, partly because most physicists were turning their attention to the even more radical developments of quantum theory but also because the equations were too complicated to solve except in situations involving special symmetries or very weak gravitational fields (where general relativity is very similar to Newtonian theory). Furthermore, it was not clear that strong gravitational fields would ever arise in the real universe and, even if they did, it seemed unlikely that Einstein's equations could then be solved. So research in relativity became a quiet backwater as mainstream physics swept forward in other directions. Even Einstein lost interest, turning his attention to the search for a unified field theory. This book tells the remarkable story of how the tide changed in 1963, when the 28-year-old New Zealand mathematician Roy Kerr discovered an exact solution of Einstein's equations which represents a rotating black hole, thereby cracking the code of the title. The paper was just a few pages long, it being left for others to fill in the extensive beautiful mathematics which underlay the result, but it ushered in a golden age of relativity and is now one of the most cited works in physics. Coincidentally, Kerr

  13. Assistência de enfermagem a idosos que realizam cateterismo cardíaco: uma proposta a partir do modelo de adaptação de Calista Roy Asistencia de enfermería a ancianos que realizan cateterismo cardíaco: una propuesta a partir del modelo de adaptación de Calista Roy Nursing care to elderly patients undergoing heart catheterization: a proposal according to the Adaptation model of Calista Roy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Célia de Freitas

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available O estudo objetivou identificar os diagnósticos de enfermagem de idosos que realizam cateterismo cardíaco, abordando os aspectos psicossociais, segundo a Teoria de Adaptação de Roy. Desenvolveu-se em hospital de pronto-atendimento em cardiologia de Fortaleza-CE, de janeiro a julho de 2005. Utilizou-se entrevista semi-estruturada, com 18 idosos de ambos os sexos, no pré-cateterismo. Na análise reconheceram-se os diagnósticos: alteração na manutenção da saúde, ansiedade, medo e alteração no processo familiar. Como intervenções propõe-se: criar um clima de confiança, antes do exame; escutar e respeitar sentimentos, crenças e valores, orientar quanto ao procedimento. A utilização desta teoria permitiu reconhecer que as pessoas, mediante estímulos, podem desencadear respostas positivas ou negativas, cabendo ao enfermeiro atuar como mediador.El estúdio objetivó identificar los diagnósticos de enfermería abordando los aspectos psico-sociales de los pacientes que realizan cateterismo cardiaco, según la Teoría de Adaptación de Roy. Se desarrolló en la sección de cardiología de un hospital de Fortaleza-CE, de Janeiro a Julio de 2005. Se utilizó la entrevista semi-estructurada, con 18 ancianos, en el pre-cateterismo. En el análisis reconocieron los diagnósticos: alteración en la manutención de la salud, ansiedad, miedo y alteración en el proceso familiar. Entre las acciones se elaboraron las siguientes: crearse un clima de confianza para el paciente después del examen; escuchar y respetar sentimientos, creencias y valores referentes a la situación; orientar el paciente cuanto al procedimiento. La utilización de esta teoría permitió reconocer que las personas, mediante estímulos, pueden desencadenar respuestas ora positivas ora negativas, cabiendo al enfermero actuar como mediador.The study aimed at identifying the nursing diagnoses related to the psychological and social aspects of elderly patients undergoing

  14. Modelo de Adaptação de Roy: revisão integrativa dos estudos realizados à luz da teoria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lays Pinheiro de Medeiros

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available identificar las evidencias científicas acerca de los componentes del Modelo de Adaptación de Roy en poblaciones estudiadas a la luz de esta teoría. Método: revisión integradora de la literatura en las bases de datos Literatura Latinoamericana y Ciencias de la Salud del Caribe, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Índice Bibliográfico Español de Ciencias de la Salud, Base de Datos de Enfermería, PubMed Central, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web Of Science eSciVerse Scopus. La muestra constó de 20 artículos publicados entre años 2005-2013. Resultados: se identificaron tres tipos de estímulos, 38 de los 82 problemas de adaptación, los cuatro modos de adaptación y los seis pasos del proceso de enfermería. Conclusión: hay necesidad de estudios sobre esta teoría que aborden todo el proceso de enfermería, culminándose en aumento de conocimientos específicos de enfermería y afirmación de esta ciencia en salud.

  15. Aplicación del Modelo de Adaptación de Callista Roy en Latinoamérica: revisión de la literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Elisa Moreno-Fergusson

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Con el propósito de conocer los avances en la aplicación del Modelo de Adaptación de Callista Roy en Latinoamérica, se realizó una revisión de la literatura en el período comprendido entre 1996 y 2009. De los 163 documentos encontrados, se seleccionaron 45, que los autores clasificaron en siete categorías, según el propósito de los estudios. Los resultados señalan que el Modelo ha sido aplicado principalmente en Brasil, México y Colombia. La mayoría de los estudios reportados son de tipo descriptivo, con muestras intencionales, y se han realizado con personas con enfermedad crónica y sus cuidadores. Los resultados muestran que la alteración de un modo adaptativo afecta a los demás modos y que algunos estímulos influyen en el proceso de adaptación de los individuos. El análisis evidencia la necesidad de fortalecer el desarrollo de estudios de tipo cualitativo y cuantitativo, para profundizar en el conocimiento del fenómeno de la adaptación, y la importancia de fortalecer redes de investigadores en Latinoamérica para consolidar los avances en el desarrollo del Modelo y medir su aplicación en la práctica.

  16. Idosos residentes em uma instituição de longa permanência: adaptação à luz de Callista Roy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Célia de Freitas

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar o processo de adaptação de idosos que buscam, voluntariamente, residir em Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos (ILPI, na cidade de Fortaleza-CE, com base no modelo teórico de Roy. Pesquisa descritiva, realizada em uma IPLI com treze idosos residentes. A coleta de dados foi por meio de entrevista, nos meses de outubro e dezembro de 2011. Os dados foram tratados pela análise de conteúdo temática. Emergiram as seguintes temáticas: Eu Físico, subdividido em sensação corporal e imagem corporal; e Eu Pessoal, subdividido em auto coerência, auto ideal e ser moral-ético-espiritual. Assim, a opção de morar em ILPI não mudou efetivamente a vida dos idosos. Estes conseguiram adaptação ao local e convivem bem com os estímulos internos e externos.

  17. Redescription of Zoica puellula (Simon, 1898) (Araneae: Lycosidae: Zoicinae) and transfer of Zoica harduarae (Biswas & Roy, 2008) to Agelenidae C.L. Koch, 1837.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sankaran, Pradeep M; Sebastian, Pothalil A

    2017-06-09

    The genus Zoica Simon, 1898 comprises the smallest members of the family Lycosidae (Lehtinen & Hippa 1979; Framenau et al. 2009) and all the members are vagrant (Lehtinen & Hippa 1979). The genus was revised by Lehtinen & Hippa (1979) and currently has 12 described species (World Spider Catalog 2017). The species Zoica puellula (Simon, 1898) was based on an unspecified number of female specimens from Sri Lanka, and its original description (Simon 1898) is inadequate and lacks illustrations. The male and female genitalia of this species were subsequently illustrated several times (Roewer 1960; Lehtinen & Hippa 1979; Tikader & Malhotra 1980); however these illustrations are insufficient for proper identification and the internal female genitalia of this species have not been illustrated. Additionally, Tikader and Malhotra (1980) inferred the presence of Z. puellula in India from records of this species in Sri Lanka, but it has not yet been found in India. Here we redescribe Z. puellula based on the type material and newly collected specimens and extend its known geographic distribution to India. We also remove Zoica harduarae (Biswas & Roy, 2008), which was described from India, from the genus.

  18. Rosenzweig, Roy. Clio wired: the future of past in the digital age. New York: Columbia University Press, 2011, 309 págs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo Antonio Melo Flórez

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Este texto, además de una novedad bibliográfica, es un homenaje póstumo a Roy Rosenzweig (1950-2007, fundador del Center of History and New Media (en adelante CHNM de la Universidad George Mason, y uno de los mayores impulsores de este campo histórico. Clio wired, título de difícil traducción al español pero que podría entenderse como Clío conectada, fue el nombre dado por Rosenzweig a un curso desarrollado en el semestre de invierno de 2003 para el doctorado de Historia de la George Mason, en el que se les solicitaba a sus estudiantes realizar una propuesta de proyecto en historia digital y desarrollar una página web para este, algunas de las cuales aún están disponibles, así como la bitácora del curso, en el sitio web del CHNM.

  19. Analysis on the Design Features of CHARLES DARWIN Jumbo TSHD%CHARLES DARWIN号巨型耙吸船设计特点解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪凯; 刘厚恕

    2012-01-01

    CHARLES DARWIN (30500m3) is one of the remarkable Jumbo TSHDs which have been built since the new century,Besides the character of shallow draft,the breakthrough in deadweight and driving mode of this dredger can be obtained.This paper compares the technical and functional differences between this ship type and the similar ship types,The newest achievement in the design of Jumbo TSHD is thus showed,which can be beneficial to the domestic study and development of Jumbo TSHD,%30500m3 CHARLES DARWIN是新世纪以来国外建造的几艘巨型耙吸挖泥船之一,除了浅吃水特性取得显要成功之外,该船在载重能力、驱动方式等诸多设计方面均有新的突破,本文通过该型船与同类型船主要技术形态及性能参数的比较,展示了超大型耙吸船船型设计技术的最新成就,以期对国内业已开展的相关船型的开发研究能有所裨益.

  20. Asymmetrical Blood Flow in the Temporal Lobe in the Charles Bonnet Syndrome: Serial Neuroimaging Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Adachi

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Clinical features and results of neuroimagings of an 86 year old woman with the Charles Bonnet syndrome are reported. She had become completely blind bilaterally due to cataracts and glaucoma. Shortly after an operation for cataracts, she developed visual hallucinations which lasted for 22 years. She had no deterioration of intelligence. Computed tomography (CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI showed moderate generalized atrophy, particularly of the temporal lobes. A serial single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT study during visual hallucinations demonstrated hyperperfusion in the left temporal region and the basal ganglia and hypoperfusion in the right temporal region. These findings suggest that asymmetrical blood flow, particularly in the temporal regions, may be correlated with visual hallucination in the Charles Bonnet syndrome.

  1. Charles Bonnet syndrome: a literature review into diagnostic criteria, treatment and implications for nursing practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, D F

    2013-03-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome is a disease of vision which may be mistakenly identified as manifestations of psychosis and consequently be treated by psychiatrists and mental health nurses rather than ophthalmologists. This literature review considers current understanding of the syndrome, its treatment and the role of mental health nurses. The two main findings of the review are that despite a long recognition of the syndrome, diagnostic criteria are not established and that there is no recognized evidence-based medical treatment. As well as this, two novel treatments which may offer future benefits are discussed. Current best practice is identified as identifying the condition and providing reassurance and education, a role that mental health nurses that are aware of Charles Bonnet syndrome can fulfil perhaps better than any other discipline.

  2. Catherine the Great in the writings of Charles-Joseph Lamoral, 7th Prince de Ligne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Pychowska

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Charles-Joseph de Ligne (1735-1814, a Wallon and European Prince, subject of the Austro-Hungary Empire, a heartbreaker of the French Europe, is considered the most famous representative of literary cosmopolitanism. War, love and writing were inseparable in his life. He took part in numerous military campaigns, serving both Austria and Russia, as a Russian colonel, a commander of the order of Maria Theresa, and an Austrian fi eld marshal. He authored various texts related to war; he admired heroism of Charles II, Conde, the tactics of Frederick II, the strategies of Napoleon, Catherine II. The latter was immportalized in de Ligne’s various texts representing different literary genres. The Prince was clearly fascinated by the Empress, and he depicted her in a positive light as an educated person, both agreable and determined. Can we, however, talk about the documentary character of his work ? Instead, the Prince seems to be a documentalist-interpreter.

  3. L'etica di Charles S. Peirce come teoria del valore intrinseco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Russo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Charles S. Peirce's Ethics as a Theory of Intrinsic Value - This paper aims to show the potential core for a theory of intrinsic value present in Charles S. Peirce’s moral philosophy. Peirce’s position on intrinsic value shows consistency with the ground assumptions of all well known theories concerning the same issue. After a preparatory discussion concerning a definition of the concept of intrinsic value, the aim of the paper consists in presenting Peirce’s position as characterized by some peculiar properties differentiating it from the other intrinsic value theories (i.e. that attention is turned towards “conducts” instead of single actions and a pluralistic view of values. This makes the core assumptions of Peirce’s argument – according to author worthy of further investigation and development.

  4. [On the creativity of the researcher: the work of Charles Richet].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estingoy, Pierette

    2003-01-01

    At the birth of the scientific thoughts, the degree of creativity of the searcher depends on his capacity to extract himself from the previously acquired notions in this domain. The discovery of anaphylaxis, by Charles Richet and Paul Portier, constitutes therefore an epistemological break off, knocking over the theory on organism defences and the universality of the biological response to different stimuli. In the light of the works of Charles Richet on hypnosis, renal physiology, thermoregulation and psychophysiology, we see that the most creative discoveries are also the most unexpected or the most difficult to impose. They require courage and initiative, severity of thought, a radical independence of mind and a certain distance concerning eventual practical consequences.

  5. Charles Darwin (1758-1778) and the history of the early use of digitalis. 1934.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fulton, J F

    1999-12-01

    The evidence which I have just summarized establishes priority of publication concerning the action of digitalis for Erasmus Darwin, but on every other ground, Withering deserves full credit for the discovery. Charles Darwin, the medical student, had been informed of its action by his father and had attempted to account for it on the basis of improvement of lymphatic drainage. But the work, accomplished by the first Charles Darwin is less significant than the abundant evidence of his intellectual ability and precocity, and I have ventured to lay the details of his career before you because of their intrinsic interest and in the hope that the information will serve in a small way to clarify the unsolved problem of the relation of nature to nurture in establishing mental traits and capacities.

  6. Bravo Emma! Music in the life and work of Charles Darwin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derry, J F

    2009-03-01

    The long-term marital dance of Emma and Charles Darwin was set to the routine beat of an almost daily piano recital. Emma was a proficient pianist, and so a quality instrument was a welcome and appropriate house-warming present for their first marital home in London. That same piano accompanied the Darwins on their move to Downe before being upgraded for a newer model, which is still there, whilst another, cheaper piano may have played in Charles Darwin's work, particularly on earthworms. Whilst he lamented his own lack of musicality, Darwin revelled in his wife's prowess, a capacity that he recognised could be inherited, not least through observation of his own children. The evolution of musicality, he reasoned, was rooted in sexual attraction as a form of communication that preceded language.

  7. Narrative report 1970: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Mason, Yellow Water, War Horse & Wild Horse

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1970 calendar year. The report...

  8. Visionäärid ning disaini hälli kiigutajad Charles ja Ray Eames / Katrin Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Katrin

    2007-01-01

    Ameerika disainiklassikute Charles (1907-1978) ja Ray Eamesi (1912-1988) disainitud toolidest. Nende oma majast Californias, mis koosneb tehases valmistatud teras-, vineer- ja klaasdetailidest. Filmidest "Ülevaade Metropolitanist" ja "Powers of Ten"

  9. Biology HERO:CHARLES DARWIN%生物学英雄:查尔斯·达尔文

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Robert Hole; 刘中飞

    2005-01-01

    @@ Charles Darwin did not come up with the idea of evdlution,he was merely the first to come up with an explanation for how evolution worked that explained what he and other biologists saw in the world.

  10. National Wildlife Refuge Visitor Survey 2010/2011 : Individual refuge results for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report summarizes the National Wildlife Refuge Visitor Survey for Charles M. Russell NWR and is part of the USGS Data Series 643. The survey was conducted to...

  11. [Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge : Sentinel plant species field inventory study plan and methods : Summer 2007

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This study plan is for the assessment and adaptive management of environmental processes with sentinel plant species at Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge....

  12. Narrative report FY 1978 for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason & War Horse Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1978 calendar...

  13. Narrative report FY 1977 for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason & War Horse Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1977 calendar year....

  14. Narrative report FY 1974: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason & War Horse Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1974 fiscal year. The report...

  15. Narrative report FY 1975: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason & War Horse Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report...

  16. Visionäärid ning disaini hälli kiigutajad Charles ja Ray Eames / Katrin Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Katrin

    2007-01-01

    Ameerika disainiklassikute Charles (1907-1978) ja Ray Eamesi (1912-1988) disainitud toolidest. Nende oma majast Californias, mis koosneb tehases valmistatud teras-, vineer- ja klaasdetailidest. Filmidest "Ülevaade Metropolitanist" ja "Powers of Ten"

  17. Department of the Interior : Draft Environmental Statement : DES 74-54 : Proposed Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range Wilderness Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document is a draft of an analysis of the environmental impact wilderness designation would pose for the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range Wilderness...

  18. Charles Dickens and Mark Twain, the English and American Perspective on Child Heroes Portrayal

    OpenAIRE

    JEŘÁBKOVÁ, Vanda

    2015-01-01

    This diploma thesis deals with the portrayal of child heroes in English and American literature, in works of Charles Dickens and Mark Twain. The chosen novels are Oliver Twist, David Copperfield, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. These novels are analysed in the themes of child labour and poverty, racism, religion, the view of the world by children in contrast to the adult perspective, upbringing and education. The last chapter deals with the humour of both ...

  19. Charles Bonnet syndrome and vitamin B12 deficiency: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourgeois, Valérie; Desbordes, Marie; Follet, Mathieu; Haouzir, Sadeq; Guillin, Olivier

    2010-01-01

    The Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is a condition associated with complex visual hallucinations occurring in the elderly in patients with visual impairment and normal mental health. Here, we report the case of a 78-year-old woman who has a limited visual acuity with a CBS that we postulated to be in relationship to a vitamin B12 deficiency. This case is the first report of vitamin B12 deficiency-associated CBS.

  20. 查尔斯·凯尔曼(Charles D.Kelman)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建军

    2008-01-01

    查尔斯·凯尔曼(Charles D.Kelman)(左图)系现代白内障超声乳化手术之父,1930年5月23日出生在纽约的Brooklyn,2004年6月1日因患癌症死于弗罗理达的Boca Raton。1950年在波士顿Tufts大学获学士学位,

  1. Paideia con Salsa: Charles Keil, Groovology, and the Undergraduate Music Curriculum

    OpenAIRE

    Higgins, Lee; Mantie, Roger

    2015-01-01

    Despite being a professor in American Studies at SUNY-Buffalo for most of his academic life, Charles (Charlie) Keil’s (b. 1939) career was dominated by an interest in music and music education. His scholarly contributions took many forms, such as ethnographic fieldwork that resulted in wide-ranging books (Urban Blues, Tiv Song: The Sociology of Art in a Classless Society, Polka Happiness, My Music, Bright Balkan Morning: Romani Lives and the Power of Music in Greek Macedonia, Music Grooves), ...

  2. El Legado Radical De Charles R. Darwin A Las Ciencias Sociales.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel De La Luz Rodríguez.

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This essay reflects on the theoretical repercussions that Charles Darwin’s The Origin of Species has for the Social Sciences. It contrasts Darwin’s epistemological legacy with his precursors in cultural evolutionary theory, mainly Herbert Spencer and Edward B. Tylor. It is argued that Darwin’s most important lessons for the Social Sciences are in his naturalist writings instead of his writings on human evolution per se.

  3. Ray & Charles Eames : aatomid, toolid ja universumi äär / Tõnu Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaalep, Tõnu, 1966-

    1998-01-01

    Californias elanud disainiklassikutest Ray (1912-1988) ja Charles (1907-1978) Eamesist. Kasutasid oma mööbliloomingus lisaks painutatud vineerile alumiiniumi, fiiberklaasi, plastmassi, terastraati. Uuendasid vormikäsitlust, tehnoloogiat. Nende mööbel oli moodsa ja seninägematu väljanägemisega, kerge, lihtsalt töödeldav. Tegelesid ka fotograafia ja filmiga. Näitus Eamesite loomingust on avatud Londoni Disainimuuseumis. Artikli juures illustratsioonid.

  4. Delir, postoperative kognitive Verschlechterung und Charles Bonnet-Syndrom bei Patienten mit Kataraktoperationen

    OpenAIRE

    Hämmerl, Thomas

    2005-01-01

    In der Klinik für Augenheilkunde an der TU München wurden 92 Patienten mit Kataraktoperationen zu Delir, postoperativer kognitiver Verschlechterung und Charles Bonnet-Syndrom untersucht. Ein Patient hatte ein Delir bei Aufnahme, keiner entwickelte ein postoperatives Delir. Eine Risikogruppe für einen komplizierten postoperativen Verlauf stellten die Patienten mit präoperativer kognitiver Beeinträchtigung (n=11) und die Patienten mit postoperativer kognitiver Verschlechterung (n=8) dar. Risiko...

  5. Early artificial ventilation: the mystery of "Truehead of Galveston"--was he Dr Charles William Trueheart?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trubuhovich, Ronald V

    2008-12-01

    It seems strange that the medical literature from the United States has only a single original source of reference for a device (from circa 1870) for artificial ventilation in neonatal resuscitation. The invention is attributed to "Dr Truehead of Galveston, Texas". I argue that this mystery arises from two separate misspellings of the inventor's name, and propose that the correct name is Dr Charles William Trueheart (1837-1914), also of Galveston.

  6. John Charles Fields: a sketch of his life and mathematical work

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Every four years at the International Congress of Mathematicians the prestigious Fields medals, the mathematical equivalent of a Nobel prize, are awarded. The following question is often asked: who was Fields and what did he do mathematically? This question will be addressed by sketching the life and mathematical work of J ohn Charles Fields (1863 - 1932), the Canadian mathematician who helped establish the awards and after whom the medals are named.

  7. Changes in the forest landscape of the Charles C. Deam wilderness, Southern Indiana, 1939-1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    MIchael A. Jenkins; George R. Parker

    2000-01-01

    We used aerial photographs from 1939, 1974, and 1990 to examine how land cover has changed on the 5,286-ha Charles C. Deam Wilderness of Hoosier National Forest over this time span. Digital elevation models were used to examine changes in land-cover class (closed-canopy forest, open forest, agriculture/old-field, clearcut, and pine plantation) within each land type (...

  8. Ray & Charles Eames : aatomid, toolid ja universumi äär / Tõnu Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaalep, Tõnu, 1966-

    1998-01-01

    Californias elanud disainiklassikutest Ray (1912-1988) ja Charles (1907-1978) Eamesist. Kasutasid oma mööbliloomingus lisaks painutatud vineerile alumiiniumi, fiiberklaasi, plastmassi, terastraati. Uuendasid vormikäsitlust, tehnoloogiat. Nende mööbel oli moodsa ja seninägematu väljanägemisega, kerge, lihtsalt töödeldav. Tegelesid ka fotograafia ja filmiga. Näitus Eamesite loomingust on avatud Londoni Disainimuuseumis. Artikli juures illustratsioonid.

  9. Peripheral facial palsy in the past: contributions from Avicenna, Nicolaus Friedreich and Charles Bell.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Resende, Luiz Antonio de Lima; Weber, Silke

    2008-09-01

    This study provides historical documents of peripheral facial palsy from Egypt, Greece and Rome, through the middle ages, and the renaissance, and into the last four centuries. We believe that the history of peripheral facial palsy parallels history of the human race itself. Emphasis is made on contributions by Avicenna and Nicolaus Friedreich. Controversies about the original clinical description by Charles Bell are also discussed.

  10. [The North African plague and Charles Nicolle's theory of infectious diseases].

    OpenAIRE

    Ben, Néfissa Kmar; Moulin,Anne Marie

    2010-01-01

    Many infectious diseases were described in North Africa in 18th-19th centuries by European travellers. Most of them were allegedly imported by new migrant populations coming from sub-Saharan, European or Middle East countries. Plague outbreaks have been described since the Black Death as diseases of the Mediterranean harbours. Charles Nicolle and his collaborators at the Pasteur Institute were witnesses to the extinction of plague and typhus fever in Tunisia. Both could be considered as endem...

  11. Halb munk : valik tõlkeid / Charles Baudelaire ; tõlk. Tõnu Õnnepalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Baudelaire, Charles

    2005-01-01

    Sisu: III Ülendus ; VI Majakad ; IX Halb munk ; XI Halb õnn ; XII Eelmine elu ; XVIII Ideaal ; XXIX Raibe ; XXXVI Rõdu ; XXXIX ; XL Semper eadem ; XLIII Elav tõrvik ; LIV Paratamatus ; LVI Sügiselaul ; II ; LXIV Sügissonett ; LXXII Lõbus surnu ; LXXVI Spliin ; LXXVII Spliin ; LXXXIV Parandamatu ; LXXXIX Luik ; XCI Eidekesed ; CI Udud ja vihmad ; CXXI Armastajate surm ; CXXII Vaeste surm ; CXXIII Kunstnike surm ; CXXVI Teekond ; Kaas ; Kuristik. Valik tõlkeid Charles Baudelaire'i "Kurja õitest"

  12. Digital Critical Editing, Digital Text Analysis, and Charles R. Maturin’s Melmoth the Wanderer

    OpenAIRE

    Murtagh, Shane

    2015-01-01

    This thesis considers why critical editions have not established themselves in the digital medium to the same extent as documentary editions and offers some potential ways to remedy this. The written thesis is accompanied by a digital critical edition of Charles R. Maturin’s Melmoth the Wanderer, which acts as an example of and case study for the arguments set forth in the written thesis. This edition can be accessed at app.melmoththewanderer.com or at https://pacific-harbor-29...

  13. Charles Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities: a case report of posttraumatic stress disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huber, Thomas J; te Wildt, Bert T

    2005-01-01

    In posttraumatic stress disorder, a traumatic event is persistently re-experienced in the form of intrusive recollections, dreams or dissociative flashback episodes; cues to the event lead to distress and are avoided, and there are persistent symptoms of increased arousal. While this diagnostic concept has been widely discussed and its existence questioned, a novel written by Charles Dickens long before it was included in any diagnostic system can be viewed as an early case report of posttraumatic stress disorder.

  14. Charles Robert Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace: their dispute over the units of selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruse, Michael

    2013-12-01

    Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace independently discovered the mechanism of natural selection for evolutionary change. However, they viewed the working of selection differently. For Darwin, selection was always focused on the benefit for the individual. For Wallace, selection was as much something of benefit for the group as for the individual. This difference is traced to their different background political-economic views, with Darwin in favor of Adam Smith's view of society and Wallace following Robert Owen in being a socialist.

  15. Charles Lewis Brook: third Director of the BAA Variable Star Section

    CERN Document Server

    Shears, Jeremy

    2011-01-01

    Charles Lewis Brook, MA, FRAS, FRMetS (1855 - 1939) served as Director of the BAA Variable Star Section from 1910 to 1921. During this time he was not merely interested in collecting the observations of the members (to which he also contributed), but he also spent considerable amounts of time analysing the data and preparing numerous publications on the findings. This paper discusses Brook's life and work, with a particular focus on his contribution to variable star astronomy.

  16. Arundhati Roy, a One-woman Dissident Force against the Instant-Mix Imperial Democracy Arundhati Roy, la force d’une seule femme face à la démocratie impériale prête à l’emploi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geetha Ganapathy-Doré

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Mieux connu pour son roman Le Dieu des petits riens qui a ébloui le monde anglophone par son style novateur et choqué les lecteurs indiens en mettant en scène l’amour entre une femme de haute caste et un paria, Arundhati Roy est une écrivaine engagée qui dénonce les dérives pronucléaires et néolibérales du gouvernement indien et mène une lutte contre la mondialisation capitaliste là où elle se manifeste. Les essais polémiques que Roy a écrits après les attentats du 11 septembre s’attaquent de façon virulente à l’impérialisme américain. Elle déconstruit l’Empire en exposant les piliers invisibles de son architecture et en décodant sa rhétorique. Elle en analyse les  présupposés éthiques, les rouages économiques, la pénétration culturelle et les implications juridiques afin de définir les stratégies de résistance pour réaffirmer les valeurs de la dignité humaine, de la justice sociale et de la paix. Dans le projet d’assiéger l’Empire, elle est appuyée par des dissidents célèbres tels que Noam Chomsky, Howard Zinn, Amy Goodman et d’autres.

  17. Rethinking the Extent of Personality and the Heritage of Charles de Gaulle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L V Ponomarenko

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is dedicated to life and activity of Charles de Gaulle, outstanding French statesman and commander. It was patriotism and aspiration for a national greatness of France that appeared brightly in de Gaulle’s personality. De Gaulle became a symbol of French Resistance, he saved the prostrate France and made it one of the states that won a victory in the II World War. The author demonstrates the role of de Gaulle in the formation of 5 th Republic and points out that Gaullism became a cornerstone of France’s rebirth and the largest ideological and political tendency in Europe in XX century. The article shows the relationship between Charles de Gaulle and the leaders of the «Big Three» - Joseph Stalin, Franklin Roosevelt, W. Cherchil. The official visit of the French delegation, led by Charles de Gaulle to the Soviet Union in November-December 1944, as well as the visit of the Soviet delegation headed by Nikita Khrushchev in France in 1960 are described. The author analyzes the main reasons for Ch. de Gaulle for the start of a reform of France's colonial empire, as well as its efforts to ensure the France more influence within NATO.

  18. Charles Bonnet syndrome in pseudoexfoliation syndrome%假性剥脱综合征中的Charles Bonnet综合征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    S K Tan; W H Wan Hazabbah; A R Asrenee

    2008-01-01

    目的:报道1例进展期假性剥脱性青光眼中的Charles Bonnet综合征.方法:病例报告.结果:一例92岁的马来男性诉2a前出现幻视,并加重2mo.称看见成人及百余儿童生动活泼地出现在不同场合.他甚至有几次看见一只兔子偶尔跑过他的房间.但是,他觉察到这是一种异常的经历.与同年龄人相比,他的认知功能是正常的.精神病学评估包括精神状态检查是正常的.他曾经被诊断患有开角型青光眼,左眼以前接受过常规的白内障手术和小梁切除术.其视力为右眼手动,左眼6/7.5(0.8)伴管状视野.眼底镜检查显示左眼进行性青光眼性视杯加深.目前诊断为右眼大泡性角膜病变合并绝对期青光眼,左眼进展期假性剥脱性青光眼,有功能性滤过泡.结论:对诉有幻视的老年患者,特别是在痴呆和精神病的诊断标准不明确的情况下,诊断通常是很困难的.如果这些患者洞察到不复存在的东西进入其视觉范围,并伴有视觉功能恶化,应高度怀疑患有Charles Bonnet综合征的可能.%AIM: To report a case of Charles Bonnet syndrome in advanced pseudoexfoliative glaucoma.METHODS: Case report.RESULTS: A 92-year-old Malay man presented visual hallucination for 2 years with worsening of his symptoms for the past 2 months. He claimed that he had seen people as well as hundreds of children on separate occasions vividly. He even saw a rabbit running across his room on a few occasions. However, he had insight that this was an abnormal experience. His cognitive function was normal for his age. Psychiatry evaluations including the mental status examination were normal. He was previously diagnosed as open angle glaucoma with history of uneventful cataract surgery and trabeculectomy over his left eye. His vision was hand movement in the right eye and 6/7. 5 in the left eye with tunnel vision.Funduscopy of the left eye showed advanced glaucomatous optic disc cupping. He had right bullous

  19. Report of an Atypical Form of Charles Bonnet Syndrome with Specific Characteristics in a Middle-aged Woman with Major Depressive Disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Ghaffarinejad

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Charles Bonnet syndrome is an entity including vivid and complex visual hallucination and has been well known in patients with visual problem. A middle-aged Afghan female refugee with the diagnosis of major depressive disorder who had episodic complex and well formed visual hallucinatory periods with open eyes will be described. She also experienced auditory and olfactory hallucinations associated with visual hallucination. Hallucinatory experiences described in Charles Bonnet syndrome may exist concurrently with psychiatric disorders such as major depressive disorder. Olfactory hallucination as a symptom of Charles Bonnet syndrome is reported for the first time in our case. Key words: Major depressive disorder, Charles Bonnet syndrome

  20. What became of Arthur Conan Doyle's father? The last years of Charles Altamont Doyle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beveridge, A

    2006-10-01

    This paper examines the fate of Arthur Conan Doyle's father, Charles Altamont Doyle, a Victorian illustrator, who spent his last years as an asylum inmate. Based on new archival research, it looks at the reasons for his institutionalisation and what befell him during his stay. It will consider Doyle's claim that he was wrongfully confined and also the suggestion that his family were responsible for having him committed. Finally, the paper will examine the nature of Doyle's condition and the creative work he produced whilst an asylum inmate.

  1. Eye-related visual hallucinations: Consider ′Charles Bonnet syndrome′

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilgun Cinar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS is typically characterized by visual hallucinations in elderly people without cognitive defects. This article presents the case of an 80-year-old male patient with a one-year history of visual hallucinations, secondary to glaucoma, in both eyes. Neither a dopamine agonist nor cholinesterase inhibitor therapy improved his symptoms. In this case, the hallucinations were gradually improved after administration of a GABAergic drug, pregabalin, for diabetic polyneuropathy. Placebo-controlled clinical trials would be needed to support this effect of pregabalin, as suggested by this association.

  2. The right versus the good? On the right in the Philosophy of Charles Taylor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier García Caladín

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to analyze the famous confrontation between the right and the good. We start with the analysis of Charles Taylor about the different significances of the good and his criticism to a procedural and restrictive approach of the moral (such as Habermas and Kymlicka. Secondly, we review in depth the ethics of Taylor and we stress the vague remark of «the just» in the use of Taylor. Finally, we evaluate the deontological deficiencies of the ethics of Taylor and try to find other ways to complement it.

  3. 网状数据库之父——Charles Bachman

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏椰

    2011-01-01

    今天我们要介绍的人物,出身于二战,他来自美国陆军防空高炮师,名叫Charles Bachman。战争结束后,Bachman进入密歇根大学,1948年获得机械工程学士学位,1950年获得宾夕法尼亚大学硕士学位,同年获得沃顿商学院MBA学位。随后他加入密歇根州的陶氏化工。

  4. The sons of Caim: the race of outcasts and disinherited in Walter Benjamin and Charles Baudelaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo André Ferreira Martins

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to develop a reflection essay about the philosophical and literary representation concerning the marginalized and oppressed in history, inside the works of Charles Baudelaire and Walter Benjamin. This is to ascertain and analyze how these two authors, from their respective works, allowed the proletariat gradually took the shape of an object and productive character for social and lyrical reflection, thus, in the wake of works as Flowers of Evil, the assumption of themes drawn from a tradition historically long, connected, in turn, by the recent historiographical perspective from below.

  5. Charles Baudelaire y la fotografía: el ojo-cámara del poeta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana de Cabo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In Charles Baudelaire’s «Tableaux parisiens» and Le Spleen de Paris, an eye-camera that takes pictures of reality operates in a latent way. This photographic metaphor allows the poet to capture the Parisian landscape to fix it in the positive of poetry. In this article we analyze Baudelairian poetics by an interdisciplinary perspective that combines the language of literature and photography. We will use as theoretical framework Philippe Hamon’s semiological approach and Walter Benjamin Marxist theory.

  6. Charles Wilberforce Daniels, FRCP (1862-1927): underrated pioneer of tropical medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, G C

    2002-03-01

    Charles Wilberforce Daniels was a major pioneer in the early days of the newly-formed medical specialism--tropical medicine. At the London School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM) of which he was a leading stalwart, he took an active part in research, teaching and administration. But like others in the new discipline he spent a great deal of time at various tropical locations: Fiji, British Guiana--where he made important observations on various forms of filariasis-- east Africa, and Malaya. However, his most important research contribution was arguably confirmation of Ronald Ross' 1898 discovery of the complete life-cycle of avian malaria, in Calcutta.

  7. Alucinaciones visuales en pacientes con discapacidad visual: Síndrome de Charles Bonnet

    OpenAIRE

    Leddy Suazo, Camila

    2015-01-01

    El Síndrome de Charles Bonnet (SCB), es una enfermedad neurooftalmológica que se caracteriza por la presencia de alucinaciones visuales, en personas con DV y en ausencia de deterioro cognitivo. Dichos pacientes son conscientes de forma parcial o total de la irrealidad de sus alucinaciones. Con el paso de los años, se prevé un incremento de la incidencia del SCB, debido al aumento de la esperanza de vida de la población y a la mayor presencia de patologías oculares asociadas a l...

  8. Fat, sleep, and Charles Dickens: literary and medical contributions to the understanding of sleep apnea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kryger, M H

    1985-12-01

    Although the relationship between breathing and sleep has only recently been "discovered" by the medical community, excellent literary descriptions of what we know to be the sleep apnea syndrome were made long ago. Although ancient Greek writings described probable sleep apnea, the most important literary contributions in this area are by Charles Dickens. His description of Joe the fat boy in the Pickwick Papers is an example of his brilliant skills of observation and description. It was not until about 140 years after Pickwick Papers was published that we understood what he was describing.

  9. The Observers Observed: Charles Dickens at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, in 1850

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, A.

    2005-12-01

    In 1850 the magazine Household Words, which Charles Dickens edited, published three articles describing the instruments and workings of the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. These 'popular' articles are invaluable primary sources for the historian of astronomy. They convey some of the Victorian public's fascination with an Institution believed by some to be a lighthouse for night-time shipping on the river Thames; by others, a national repository of 'divining rods' and 'magic mirrors'. Dickens was clearly impressed by the pragmatic usefulness of the Observatory to a commercial and maritime nation, and by seemingly magical, self-acting and recording instruments whereby the wind wrote its own 'Aeolian Autobiography'.

  10. The paradoxical advantages and disadvantages of natural selection: the case history of Charles Darwin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lieb, J

    2007-01-01

    The biology of natural selection is an enduring mystery, as is the nature of Charles Darwin's chronic illness. Of the theories advanced to explain the latter, Oedipal conflicts and Chagas' disease are preeminent. Hypomania, however, propelled Darwin to the pinnacle of scientific achievement and good health, the depression that followed condemning him to intellectual stagnation, lethargy, impaired memory and concentration, and incapacitating gastrointestinal disorders. Examples of natural selection in humans are much sought after when, ironically, one need look no further than Darwin himself.

  11. The priorities of an enlightened monarch: the limitations of the military-fiscal state under Charles III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Torres Sánchez

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the features of the Spanish Military-Fiscal State of Charles III. We have compared the Spanish state with Britain in order to revise Barbier and Klein´s thesis about how the military priorities of Charles III restricted the modernization of his state and caused the monarchy´s fall into debt and bankruptcy. The British case demonstrates how its own success was based on the establishment of a Military-Fiscal State and the constant military activity driven by an aggressive mercantile policy. We conclude that the Military-Fiscal State in Charles III´s Spain was not as well-developed as that of contemporary Great Britain. Spain devoted fewer resources to war, maintained a minimum military activity, and the mobilisation of resources lacked the flexibility found in Britain´s case. All this, along with a profound distrust in the use of public debt as the main way to fund war, meant that Charles III´s state did not become a real “war machine” as did George III´s state. In this article we propose that the weakness of Charles III lay in his limited interest in the development of a true Military-Fiscal State.

  12. CHARLES GYIMAH

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    structures over roles, functions and resources (e.g., ceded funds, human resource, and logistics ... ticipation are to ensure the efficient implementation of projects and the empower- .... Soda-Demographic Characteristics of Respondents .... from the top management of the District Assembly was regarded as being skewed.

  13. Meie unistuste internet / Roy Strider

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Strider, Roy, 1974-

    2009-01-01

    Identiteedimoondamistest ja mainerünnetest virtuaalreaalsuses. Autor leiab, et internet on oma näilises vabaduses muutunud oluliseks võitlustandriks valitsustele, erakondadele ning ettevõtetele ja võib ületada oma kasulikkuse kriitilise piiri. Spinnimiset, mis on info edastamine (ka moonutustega) sellisel moel, et keegi sellest kasu saab.

  14. Meie unistuste internet / Roy Strider

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Strider, Roy, 1974-

    2009-01-01

    Identiteedimoondamistest ja mainerünnetest virtuaalreaalsuses. Autor leiab, et internet on oma näilises vabaduses muutunud oluliseks võitlustandriks valitsustele, erakondadele ning ettevõtetele ja võib ületada oma kasulikkuse kriitilise piiri. Spinnimiset, mis on info edastamine (ka moonutustega) sellisel moel, et keegi sellest kasu saab.

  15. Eestist saab politseiriik / Roy Strider

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Strider, Roy, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Autori väitel ei ole politsei pärast kavandatavat avaliku koosoleku seaduse muutmist enam kohustatud inimestele teatama, kui nende eraelu puutumatust on jälitustoiminguga riivatud. Autori sõnul tähendab see, et Eestist saab politseiriik

  16. Maainimesed ja kodanikud / Roy Strider

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Strider, Roy, 1974-

    2010-01-01

    Autor hindab kriitiliselt kodanikuühiskonna tekkimise võimalusi kampaaniate korras. Regionaalarengu projektide finantseerimisel tuleks rohkem arvestada kohalikke vajadusi, mitte projektikirjutaja oskusi

  17. Roy适应模式在精神分裂症患者中的应用%Roy adaptation model in patients with schizophrenia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周永梅; 张蔚茹; 沈玉金

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the significance of Roy Adaptation Model in in-patients with schizophrenia. Methods: A total of 100 in-patients with schizophrenia were randomly allocated to be receive conventional care and health education alone ( control group, n=50 ) or in combination with RAM ( treatment group,n=50). We assessed the Condition by Response and Adaptation Scale (CAPS), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale ( HAMD ), Hamilton Anxiety Scale ( HAMA ) and Nurses′ Observation Scale for Inpatient Evaluation ( NOSIE) after 6 weeks of treatment. Results:The intervention with RAM resulted in incrased CAPS and NOSIE scores and reduced HAMD and HAMA scores compared with control group ( all P<0. 01 ) . Conclusion:The RAM is associated with improved social adaptation ability,mood and social function in the in-patients with schizophrenia.%目的:探讨Roy适应模式在住院精神分裂症患者中的应用价值。方法:将100例住院的精神分裂症患者随机分为对照组和研究组,各50例。对照组给予常规护理和健康教育,研究组在常规护理和健康教育基础上增加Roy适应模式的护理干预措施。6周后,采用应对-适应量表( CAPS)、汉密顿抑郁量表( HAMD)、汉密顿焦虑量表( HAMA)和护土用住院患者观察量表( NOSIE)进行评定。结果:干预后,研究组患者CAPS评分较对照组高;HAMD和HAMA评分较对照组低;NOSIE评分较对照组改善,两组比较,差异具有统计学意义( P<0.01)。结论:运用Roy适应模式对住院精神分裂症患者进行护理干预,可提高其对社会环境的适应能力,改善情绪,提高社会功能,有利于精神分裂症的治疗。

  18. 罗伊适应模式对乳腺癌改良根治术患者生活质量的影响%Roy Adaptation Model Modified Radical Surgery Patients Quality of Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨爱平

    2012-01-01

      Objective:To explore Roy adaptation model in the application of Modified radical mastectomy for breast cancer in patients.Method:80 cases of Modified radical mastectomy for breast cancer were randomized to observation group of 40 patients and the control group of 40 patients. Implementation of the observation group developed based on the Roy Adaptation Model of nursing interventions in the control group according to the traditional measures of nursing care,patient quality of life were compared.Result: The patients quality of life was significantly better than the control group. Conclusion: Roy adaptation model based on the implementation of the development of nursing interventions can improve the Modified radical mastectomy for breast cancer patient quality of life with quality of care worthy of clinical application.%  目的:探讨应用罗伊适应模式在乳腺癌改良根治术患者中的应用。方法:将80例乳腺癌改良根治术患者随机分为干预组和对照组,各40例。干预组实施依据罗伊适应模式论制定的护理措施,对照组按传统的护理措施进行护理,比较两组的生活质量。结果:干预组患者生活质量明显优于对照组。结论:实施依据罗伊适应模式制定的护理措施可以提高乳腺癌改良根治术患者的生活质量,值得临床推广应用。

  19. Age-related environmental gradients influence invertebrate distribution in the Prince Charles Mountains, East Antarctica

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Duanne; Clarke, Laurence; McKay, Alan; Cooper, Alan; Stevens, Mark I.

    2016-01-01

    The potential impact of environmental change on terrestrial Antarctic ecosystems can be explored by inspecting biodiversity patterns across large-scale gradients. Unfortunately, morphology-based surveys of Antarctic invertebrates are time-consuming and limited by the cryptic nature of many taxa. We used biodiversity information derived from high-throughput sequencing (HTS) to elucidate the relationship between soil properties and invertebrate biodiversity in the Prince Charles Mountains, East Antarctica. Across 136 analysed soil samples collected from Mount Menzies, Mawson Escarpment and Lake Terrasovoje, we found invertebrate distribution in the Prince Charles Mountains significantly influenced by soil salinity and/or sulfur content. Phyla Tardigrada and Arachnida occurred predominantly in low-salinity substrates with abundant nutrients, whereas Bdelloidea (Rotifera) and Chromadorea (Nematoda) were more common in highly saline substrates. A significant correlation between invertebrate occurrence, soil salinity and time since deglaciation indicates that terrain age indirectly influences Antarctic terrestrial biodiversity, with more recently deglaciated areas supporting greater diversity. Our study demonstrates the value of HTS metabarcoding to investigate environmental constraints on inconspicuous soil biodiversity across large spatial scales. PMID:28083092

  20. King Charles' Star: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Dating the Supernova Known as Cassiopeia A

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lunn, M.

    2012-06-01

    (Abstract only) Few astronomical phenomena have been as studied as the supernova known as Cassiopeia A. Widely believed to have occurred in the latter half of the seventeenth century, it is also thought to have gone unrecorded. This paper will argue that Cas A did not go unobserved, but in fact was seen in Britain on May 29, 1630, and coincided with the birth of the future King Charles II of Great Britain. This "noon-day star" is an important feature of Stuart/Restoration propaganda, the significance of which has been widely acknowledged by historians and literary experts. The argument here, however, is that in addition the historical accounts provide credible evidence for a genuine astronomical event, the nature of which must be explained. Combining documentary analysis with an overview of the current scientific thinking on dating supernovae, the authors put forward their case for why Charles' star should be recognized as a sighting of Cas A. Finally, it will be argued that a collaborative approach between the humanities and the sciences can be a valuable tool, not just in furthering our understanding of Cas A, but in the dating of supernovae in general.

  1. King Charles` Star: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Dating the Supernova Known as Cassiopeia A

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lunn, Martin

    2011-05-01

    Few astronomical phenomena have been as studied as the supernova known as Cassiopeia A. Widely believed to have occurred in the latter half of the seventeenth century, it is also thought to have gone unrecorded. This paper will argue that Cas A did not go unobserved, but in fact was seen in Britain on May 29, 1630, and coincided with the birth of the future King Charles II of Great Britain. This 'noon-day star' is an important feature of Stuart/Restoration propaganda, the significance of which has been widely acknowledged by historians and literary experts. The argument here, however, is that in addition the historical accounts provide credible evidence for a genuine astronomical event, the nature of which must be explained. Combining documentary analysis with an overview of the current scientific thinking on dating supernova, the authors put forward their case for why Charles' star should be recognized as a sighting of Cas A. Finally, it will be argued that a collaborative approach between the humanities and the sciences can be a valuable tool, not just in furthering our understanding of Cas A, but in the dating of supernovae in general.

  2. Técnica de Charles en elefantiasis de extremidad inferior: caso clínico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laia Obregón-Palaín

    Full Text Available La primera opción terapéutica para el linfedema consiste en medidas conservadoras conocidas como terapia descongestiva compleja, de la que se benefician muchos pacientes. Sin embargo, los casos refractarios severos requieren abordaje quirúrgico. Existen numerosas técnicas disponibles con tasas de recurrencia variables. La técnica de Charles es una alternativa apropiada para los casos más severos. Presentamos nuestra experiencia en un caso en varón de 21 años de edad con elefantiasis masiva de la extremidad inferior izquierda secundaria a linfedema congénito sin respuesta al tratamiento conservador. Tras una valoración clínica y radiológica exhaustiva se propone cirugía ablativa según la técnica de Charles, que llevamos a cabo en 3 tiempos quirúrgicos en 8 meses con resultados globalmente favorables. De paso revisamos la práctica actualmente aceptada para el tratamiento del linfedema de la extremidad inferior y las opciones terapéuticas disponibles.

  3. Age-related environmental gradients influence invertebrate distribution in the Prince Charles Mountains, East Antarctica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czechowski, Paul; White, Duanne; Clarke, Laurence; McKay, Alan; Cooper, Alan; Stevens, Mark I

    2016-12-01

    The potential impact of environmental change on terrestrial Antarctic ecosystems can be explored by inspecting biodiversity patterns across large-scale gradients. Unfortunately, morphology-based surveys of Antarctic invertebrates are time-consuming and limited by the cryptic nature of many taxa. We used biodiversity information derived from high-throughput sequencing (HTS) to elucidate the relationship between soil properties and invertebrate biodiversity in the Prince Charles Mountains, East Antarctica. Across 136 analysed soil samples collected from Mount Menzies, Mawson Escarpment and Lake Terrasovoje, we found invertebrate distribution in the Prince Charles Mountains significantly influenced by soil salinity and/or sulfur content. Phyla Tardigrada and Arachnida occurred predominantly in low-salinity substrates with abundant nutrients, whereas Bdelloidea (Rotifera) and Chromadorea (Nematoda) were more common in highly saline substrates. A significant correlation between invertebrate occurrence, soil salinity and time since deglaciation indicates that terrain age indirectly influences Antarctic terrestrial biodiversity, with more recently deglaciated areas supporting greater diversity. Our study demonstrates the value of HTS metabarcoding to investigate environmental constraints on inconspicuous soil biodiversity across large spatial scales.

  4. General Charles F. Bolden, Jr. and Professor Claude Nicollier reunite during visit to CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Jordan Juras

    2011-01-01

    Thursday 23 June, CERN saw an unlikely and much savoured meeting between two old colleagues and friends: General Charles F. Bolden, Jr. and Professor Claude Nicollier.   Bolden and Nicollier were separately invited to CERN for different reasons - Charles Bolden had been invited by Professor Samuel Ting to visit the newly built and now fully operational Payload Operation and Control Centre of the AMS collaboration and Claude Nicollier had been invited by the Theory Department to give a colloquium. They were delightfully surprised when they met at the entrance of the main building. Bolden and Nicollier served together in the Space Shuttle Program and were trained by NASA during the 1980’s where they became close friends. On 24 April, 1990, Bolden piloted the Space Shuttle Discovery into orbit with the Hubble telescope in the payload bay. Though Nicollier did not accompany Bolden during the Hubble launch, he did return to the telescope 3 years later on board the Space Shuttle Ende...

  5. [The North African plague and Charles Nicolle's theory of infectious diseases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben, Néfissa Kmar; Moulin, Anne Marie

    2010-01-01

    Many infectious diseases were described in North Africa in 18th-19th centuries by European travellers. Most of them were allegedly imported by new migrant populations coming from sub-Saharan, European or Middle East countries. Plague outbreaks have been described since the Black Death as diseases of the Mediterranean harbours. Charles Nicolle and his collaborators at the Pasteur Institute were witnesses to the extinction of plague and typhus fever in Tunisia. Both could be considered as endemo-epidemic diseases propagated by ancient nomad communities for centuries. Typhus was exported to other countries; plague was imported by Mediterranean travellers but also hid in unknown wild-animal reservoirs. The role of the bite of a rat's flea was not confirmed and the pneumonic form might have prevailed in the medieval North African cities. Association between plague, typhus, flu and other causes of immune deficiencies could explain the high morbidity and mortality caused by plague in the past. The authors comment the local history of plague at the light of the evolutionary laws of infectious disease proposed by Charles Nicolle in 1930.

  6. Charles Darwin's beagle voyage, fossil vertebrate succession, and "the gradual birth & death of species".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinkman, Paul D

    2010-01-01

    The prevailing view among historians of science holds that Charles Darwin became a convinced transmutationist only in the early spring of 1837, after his Beagle collections had been examined by expert British naturalists. With respect to the fossil vertebrate evidence, some historians believe that Darwin was incapable of seeing or understanding the transmutationist implications of his specimens without the help of Richard Owen. There is ample evidence, however, that he clearly recognized the similarities between several of the fossil vertebrates he collected and some of the extant fauna of South America before he returned to Britain. These comparisons, recorded in his correspondence, his diary and his notebooks during the voyage, were instances of a phenomenon that he later called the "law of the succession of types." Moreover, on the Beagle, he was following a geological research agenda outlined in the second volume of Charles Lyell's Principles of Geology, which implies that paleontological data alone could provide an insight into the laws which govern the appearance of new species. Since Darwin claims in On the Origin of Species that fossil vertebrate succession was one of the key lines of evidence that led him to question the fixity of species, it seems certain that he was seriously contemplating transmutation during the Beagle voyage. If so, historians of science need to reconsider both the role of Britain's expert naturalists and the importance of the fossil vertebrate evidence in the development of Darwin's ideas on transmutation.

  7. 结构主义视阈下的Charles C.Fries语言科学观%On Charles C.Fries′view of linguistics as a science from the perspective of structuralism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林晶; 辛志英

    2016-01-01

    Charles C.Fries views linguistics as a science.This paper probes into summarizing Charles C.Fries′view of linguistics as a science from the perspective of structuralism,pointing out its historical limitations due to American structuralism on one hand and its innovativeness on his selection of data,differentiation between linguistic theories and linguistic techniques,and his scientific view of meaning on the other hand,and further exploring its great contributions to the development of modern linguistics such as corpus linguistics,comparative linguistics,systemic functional linguistics and foreign language teaching.%语言科学观是Charles C.Fries语言思想的重要组成部分。从结构主义视角出发,对Charles C.Fries的语言科学观进行梳理,提出其语言科学观虽然具有一定历史局限性,但是在语料的选择、区分对待语言理论与语言研究方法、科学对待意义上展现了其创新性,对于现代语言学,如语料库语言学、对比语言学、系统功能语言学和外语教学的发展具有重要的启示意义。

  8. What associates Charles Bonnet syndrome with age-related macular degeneration?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vojniković, Bozo; Radeljak, Sanja; Dessardo, Sandro; Zarković-Palijan, Tija; Bajek, Goran; Linsak, Zeljko

    2010-04-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is a condition related to patients with visual loss due to age related macular degeneration or glaucoma that are having complex visual hallucinations. The CBS was first described by Swiss physician Charles Bonnet in 1760. Affected patients, who are otherwise mentally healthy people with significant visual loss, have vivid, complex recurrent visual hallucinations (VHs). One characteristic of these hallucinations is that they usually are "Lilliputian hallucinations" as patients experience micropsia (hallucinations in which the characters or objects are distorted and much smaller than normal). The prevalence of Charles Bonnet Syndrome has been reported to be between 10% and 40%; a recent Australian study has found the prevalence to be 17.5%. The high incidence of non-reported CBS is thought to be as a result of patient's fear to report the symptoms as they could be labeled as mentally insane since those type of visual hallucinations could be found in variety of psychiatric and neurological disorders such as drug or alcohol abuse (delirium tremens), Alice in Wonderland syndrome (AIWS), psychosis, schizophrenia, dementia, narcolepsy, epilepsy, Parkinson disease, brain tumors, migraine, as well as, in long term sleep deprivation. VHs can also be presented as the initial sign of the Epstein-Barr virus infection in infectious mononucleosis. Patients who suffer from CBS usually possess insight into the unreality of their visual experiences, which are commonly pleasant but may sometimes cause distress. The hallucinations consist of well-defined, organized, and clear images over which the subject has little control. It is believed that they represent release phenomena due to deafferentiation of the visual association areas of the cerebral cortex, leading to a form of phantom vision. Cognitive defects, social isolation, and sensory deprivation have also been implicated in the etiology of this condition. This study was conducted on 350 patients

  9. Spectroscopie photoassociative des états moléculaires à longue distance de 87Rb. Analyse Lu-Fano et amélioration de la formule de Le Roy-Bernstein

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jelassi, H.; Viaris de Lesegno, B.; Pruvost, L.

    2006-10-01

    Nous avons étudié la photoassociation de 87Rb sous la limite 5S{1/2}+5P1/2 (D{1}), par spectroscopie de pertes d'atomes froids. Les spectres montrent les progressions vibrationnelles des trois séries d'états moléculaires attractifs 0_g-, 0_u+ et 1g convergents vers la limite 5S1/2+5P1/2. L'analyse de nos données utilise l'approche de Lu-Fano associé au modèle de LeRoy-Bernstein. Pour la série 0_g-, cette approche met en évidence un écart au modèle. Une amélioration de la formule de LeRoy-Bernstein permet de rendre compte des mesures expérimentales. Pour la série 0_u+(P1/2) avec la même méthode, on montre le couplage avec la série 0_u+(P3/2).

  10. 基于罗伊适应模式自我概念评估工具的应用进展%Application progress on assessment tools of self-concept based on Roy adaption model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡婷婷; 曹梅娟

    2016-01-01

    This article introduces the basic content of self-concept in Roy adaption model,its value for chronically diseased patients,and the development and application of the assessment tools guided by self-concept of Roy adaption model in China and overseas.It also puts forward some consideration of inadequacy about the assessment tools,in order to provide reference for nursing staff evaluating the self-concept of patients with chronic diseases and improve assessment tools of self-concept in the future.%介绍了罗伊适应模式中自我概念的内容及其对慢性病患者的应用价值及以罗伊适应模式自我概念为指导的评估工具在国内外的发展与应用情况,并针对评估工具的不足提出思考,以期为护理人员评估慢性病患者的自我概念及今后自我概念评估工具的改进提供参考。

  11. 76 FR 34212 - Lake Charles Exports, LLC; Application for Long-Term Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural Gas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-13

    ... prohibited by United States law or policy. The Application was filed under Section 3 of the Natural Gas Act... Charles Exports, LLC; Application for Long-Term Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural Gas AGENCY...-contract authorization to export up to 15 million metric tons per annum (mmtpa) of domestic natural gas as...

  12. 76 FR 40912 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Assessment for the Renovation of the Charles F...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-12

    ... replacement of mechanical systems to meet high performance green building standards, and making needed... ADMINISTRATION Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Assessment for the Renovation of the Charles F. Prevedel Federal Building and Demolition of Federal Buildings 100, 101, and 102 at the Federal...

  13. Of Madness and Empire: The Rhetor as "Fool" in the Khartoum Siege Journals of Charles Gordon, 1884

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bass, Jeff D.

    2007-01-01

    This essay examines the rhetorical persona of the "Fool" as employed by General Charles Gordon in six volumes of journals recorded during the siege of Khartoum by Mahdist forces from September to December, 1884. After identifying the particular rhetorical aspects of the "Fool" as social critic/site of ideological contestation,…

  14. The Beginning of "Free Money" Ideology in American Universities: Charles W. Eliot at Harvard, 1869-1909

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimball, Bruce A.; Johnson, Benjamin Ashby

    2012-01-01

    Rather than banking enormous gifts, Harvard University built its wealth by adhering to a coherent strategy that gradually became the common sense--the prevailing ideology--of how to build and maintain the wealth of private universities. President Charles W. Eliot formulated this "free money" strategy over the course of his administration from 1869…

  15. A Life of Learning: Nancy Siraisi. Charles Homer Haskins Prize Lecture for 2010. ACLS Occasional Paper, No. 67

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Council of Learned Societies, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Nancy Siraisi has been a prolific and leading scholar in the history of medicine and science of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. This lecture of hers is the twenty-eighth of series of lectures named for Charles Homer Haskins, first chairman of the American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) and himself a famed medievalist who brought…

  16. Sir Charles Alfred Ballance (1856-1936) and the introduction of facial nerve crossover anastomosis in 1895

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van de Graaf, Robert C.; Ijpma, Frank F. A.; Nicolai, Jean-Philippe A.

    2009-01-01

    Sir Charles Ballance (1856-1936) was the first surgeon in history to perform a facial nerve crossover anastomosis in 1895. Although, recently, several papers on the history of facial nerve surgery have been published, little is known about this historically important operation, the theoretical reaso

  17. Toward a Modern Synthesis of Immunity: Charles A. Janeway Jr. and the Immunologist’s Dirty Little Secret

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gayed, Peter M.

    2011-01-01

    This essay chronicles the major theoretical and experimental contributions made by Charles A. Janeway, Jr. (1943-2003), Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator and Yale Professor of Immunobiology, who established the fundamental role of the innate immune system in the induction of the adaptive arm. PMID:21698045

  18. Toward a Modern Synthesis of Immunity: Charles A. Janeway Jr. and the Immunologist’s Dirty Little Secret

    OpenAIRE

    Gayed, Peter M.

    2011-01-01

    This essay chronicles the major theoretical and experimental contributions made by Charles A. Janeway, Jr. (1943-2003), Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator and Yale Professor of Immunobiology, who established the fundamental role of the innate immune system in the induction of the adaptive arm.

  19. The Beginning of "Free Money" Ideology in American Universities: Charles W. Eliot at Harvard, 1869-1909

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimball, Bruce A.; Johnson, Benjamin Ashby

    2012-01-01

    Rather than banking enormous gifts, Harvard University built its wealth by adhering to a coherent strategy that gradually became the common sense--the prevailing ideology--of how to build and maintain the wealth of private universities. President Charles W. Eliot formulated this "free money" strategy over the course of his administration from 1869…

  20. A OUTRA VOLTA DO PARAFUSO: RELAÇÕES TRANSMEDIAIS DE TEXTO E IMAGEM EM HENRY JAMES E CHARLES DEMUTH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigrid Renaux

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: A questão da transposição intersemiótica é abordada, neste artigo, através das relações de intertextualidade transmedial que se estabelecem entre Outra volta do parafuso, de Henry James, e as ilustrações de Charles Demuth sobre o conto. Aoaveriguar se essas ilustraçõesseriamsimplestraduçõesintersemióticasoutransposições intersemióticas autênticas (Hoek, o artigo simultaneamente discute as controvérsias cruciais do conto: a realidade ou irrealidade das aparições, a coexistência ou não do bem e do mal nas crianças e a credibilidade da narradora. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: transposição intersemiótica, literatura, pintura, Henry James, Charles Demuth. ABSTRACT: This article discusses the issue of intersemiotic transposition by way of the transmedial intertextual relations between Henry James’s The Turn of the Screw and Charles Demuth’s illustrations for the tale. By investigating whether these illustrations are merely intersemiotic translations or authentic intersemiotic transpositions (Hoek, this article will simultaneously be reevaluating the crucial controversies concerning the tale: the reality or unreality of the apparitions, the coexistence or not of good and evil in the children, and the narrator’s credibility. KEYWORDS: intersemiotic transposition, literature, painting, Henry James, Charles Demuth.

  1. Advanced electrocardiography can predict mitral regurgitation in cavalier king charles spaniels with myxomatous mitral valve disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spiljak, Maja; Petric, Alexandra; Olsen, Lisbeth Høier

    2011-01-01

    ., Slovenia Recently, multiple advanced resting electrocardiographic (ECG) techniques have been applied in humans for detection of cardiac autonomic and repolarisation function. This has improved the diagnostic and/or prognostic value of short-time ECG in detection of common human cardiac diseases even before...... King Charles Spaniels (CKCSs) (age 6.0 ± 2.7 years; 30 males and 47 females). All dogs were examined by echocardiography and a short-time (3-5 min) high-fidelity 12-lead ECG, with the dog in a resting position and in sinus rhythm. Dogs were divided into 5 groups according to the degree of MR estimated...... as the percentage of the left atrium area using color Doppler mapping (0%; 0% 50%; jet = 100% and with clinical signs of congestive heart failure). ECG recordings were evaluated via custom software programs to calculate 76 different parameters, including heart rate variability...

  2. Charles Bonnet Syndrome Following Trans-Sphenoidal Adenomectomy without Optic Nerve Atrophy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jang-Ho; Ahn, Joon-Ho; Park, Jun-Bum

    2016-01-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) can develop after trans-sphenoidal adenomectomy (TSA); however, the neural mechanisms remain unknown. Sensory deprivation and releasing phenomenon are both hypothetical explanations for this condition; however, there is no definite evidence that strongly supports either supposition. We report the first case of CBS after TSA without optic nerve atrophy. Postoperatively, the patient's vision seemed to be relatively well preserved, apart from the left-side hemianopsia in the right eye. Distinctive visual hallucinations only appeared when his eyes were closed, and these responded to quetiapine in a dose-dependent manner. Dose dependent change in colors and formation of hallucination was reported. Two weeks after quetiapine initiation, the patient's CBS was completely resolved. This unique case suggests that blocking sensory input from the periphery is more critical than neural damage of the bottom-up connection to the visual association cortex. In addition, quetiapine should be considered as a specific treatment for CBS. PMID:27757139

  3. Moving with climbing plants from Charles Darwin's time into the 21st century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isnard, Sandrine; Silk, Wendy K

    2009-07-01

    We provide an overview of research on climbing plants from Charles Darwin to the present day. Following Darwin's interests, this review will focus on functional perspectives including attachment mechanisms and stem structure and function. We draw attention to a number of unsolved problems inviting future research. These include the mechanism for establishment of the twining habit, a quantitative description following the development of a tissue element through space and time, the chemistry of sticky exudates, the microstructure of xylem and the capacity for water storage, the vulnerability to embolism, and the mechanism for embolism repair. In conclusion we cite evidence that, in response to increasing CO(2) concentration, anthropic perturbation and/ or increasing forest fragmentation, lianas are increasing relative to tree species. In the 21st century, we are returning to the multiscale, multidisciplinary approach taken by Darwin to understand natural history.

  4. Heart Rate Variability in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels with Different Degree of Myxomatous Mitral Valve Disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Caroline Elisabeth; Falk, Bo Torkel; Zois, Nora Elisabeth;

    2010-01-01

    variability (HRV). Reduced HRV is seen in dogs with heart failure secondary to myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD). However, HRV is suggested to increase with disease progression in dogs with early stages of MMVD. Comparable results are found in people with primary mitral valve prolapse, a disease......Heart Rate Variability in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels with Different Degree of Myxomatous Mitral Valve Disease Rasmussen, C.E. 1, Falk, T. 1, Zois, N.E. 1, Moesgaard, S.G. 1, Häggström, J. 2, Pedersen, H.D. 3 and Olsen, L.H1. 1Department of Basic Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Life......age. Discussion and conclusion: Most HRV variables decreased with progression of MMVD in dogs; even prior to the development of overt congestive heart failure....

  5. A study in inspiration: Charles Henry Turner (1867--1923) and the investigation of insect behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abramson, Charles I

    2009-01-01

    Charles Henry Turner was an African American scientist who, while eking out a living as a high school science teacher, made important advances in the study of insect learning and behavior. Contributions include the development of research methods, investigations of color vision and pattern vision in honey bees, and the first demonstration of Pavlovian conditioning in an insect. This review begins with a biography and continues with a summary of his major research accomplishments. Also included are quotations from his publications and from people who knew him. In addition, the question is raised as to why Turner did not receive an academic appointment, and similar data of racial disparity are presented on the small number of African American entomologists. It is suggested that the story of Turner can be used to increase interest in entomology, especially among African Americans.

  6. Sir Charles Sherrington's the integrative action of the nervous system: a centenary appreciation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Robert E

    2007-04-01

    In 1906 Sir Charles Sherrington published The Integrative Action of the Nervous System, which was a collection of ten lectures delivered two years before at Yale University in the United States. In this monograph Sherrington summarized two decades of painstaking experimental observations and his incisive interpretation of them. It settled the then-current debate between the "Reticular Theory" versus "Neuron Doctrine" ideas about the fundamental nature of the nervous system in mammals in favor of the latter, and it changed forever the way in which subsequent generations have viewed the organization of the central nervous system. Sherrington's magnum opus contains basic concepts and even terminology that are now second nature to every student of the subject. This brief article reviews the historical context in which the book was written, summarizes its content, and considers its impact on Neurology and Neuroscience.

  7. Charles V and the Habsburgs' Inventories. Changing Patrimony as Dynastic Cult in Early Modern Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González García, Juan Luis

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Apart from a deep respect for the achievements of the Habsburgs, Emperor Maximilian I transmitted to his heirs a practical attitude towards their art collections. Pearls and precious stones were extracted from set pieces to produce new ones; old-fashioned jewellery or silver objects were melted down; and tapestries, paintings and sculptures were publicly sold to pay off debts. By studying how some of these goods were reused, recycled, and recirculated among the Habsburg family members, I will explain how crown patrimony changed owners and kingdoms, and how the cult of their dynasty, actively promoted by Charles V, heightened the notion of a collective consciousness which served as a topos for aristocratic collecting in the Renaissance.

  8. Charles Robert Richet and some milestones in the history of allergies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazana, J; Ariño, M R

    1991-04-01

    French medicine in the second half of the 19th century includes the seminal contributions of Claude Bernard, Lasèque, Trousseau, Jaccoud and Charcot, and counted among the most notable representatives is Professor Charles Robert Richet, Nobel Prize Winner for Medicine and Physiology in 1913, for the discovery of anaphylaxis. With his versatile personality he was involved in many different fields. His investigative work included diverse themes such as respiration, digestion, epilepsy and the regulation of body heat. To him we owe three new words, and as such, three new concepts: anaphylaxis, polypnea and zoomotherapy. Richet also excelled as a bacteriologist, pathologist, medical statistician, poet, novelist, playwright, historian, psychologist, parapsychologist, pacifist, philosopher and bibliographer. Especially interested in telepathy, and in general, extrasensory perception phenomena, he contributed decisively to the creation of a new science, metapsychics.

  9. The flavour of ideas. Synaesthesia and ideasthesia in Charles Baudelaire’s Correspondences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zuzanna Kozłowska

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article constitutes a re-reading of Charles Baudelaire’s Correspondences in the light of the controversial concept of ideasthesia. The author proposes that the sonnet operates on three levels of sensory cognition: an initial stage of rational sensory segmentation, a subsequent synaesthetic fusion of odours, sounds and colours, and finally – an ideasthetic synthesis of feeling and knowing.  The final stage of sensory processing triumphantly concludes the Symbolist quest for an elusive “beyond”, approximating the material and the ideal – the mechanism of which resembles an ideasthetic processing of sensory data. The poem mirrors the cognitive optimism characteristic of Baudelaire’s early thinking, soon to dissipate into melancholic (or Manichean cognitive bankruptcy.

  10. Continuum psicofísico: uma abordagem baseada no pensamento de Charles S. Pierce

    OpenAIRE

    Pires, Jorge Luiz Vargas Prudêncio de Barros [UNESP

    2002-01-01

    O presente trabalho propõe uma discussão a respeito da fisiologia do músculo esquelético humano como um processo de caráter sígnico. Trata-se de uma abordagem interdisciplinar para se estudar as relações biológicas baseada no pensamento de Charles S. Peirce. Diferente das aproximações mecanicistas e reducionistas, que entendem o ser vivo como uma máquina cartesiana, a tendência semiótica busca uma abordagem mais ampla sobre as fundações da biologia, liberando o pensamento e lançando nova luz ...

  11. Charles Melville. The Keshig in Iran : The Survival of the Royal Mongol Household

    OpenAIRE

    Aigle, Denise

    2016-01-01

    Cette garde (kešig) est l’un des héritages gengiskhanides qui fut le plus durable. Charles Melville commence par décrire comment s’est élaborée cette pratique sous Gengis Khan et au début de l’empire (p. 136-141). Il s’est s’appuyé sur la traduction de l’Histoire secrète des Mongols et les commentaires d’Igor de Rachewiltz. Marco Polo témoigne que sous les Yüan, le kešig fut soumis quelques modifications. Le Yüan-shih donne non seulement des détails sur la forme d’origine, mais il atteste que...

  12. Yves-Charles Grandjeat. John Edgar Wideman. Le feu et la neige.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie Cochoy

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available John Edgar Wideman, auteur noir américain contemporain, est généralement connu en France pour la complexité de son écriture. L’œuvre de Wideman paraît en effet déroutante : le brouillage vertigineux des repères narratifs, la porosité des frontières entre réalité et fiction, la dislocation soudaine de la syntaxe, emportée par la violence d’un témoignage ou par la pulsation d’un blues, brisent les modes de pensée et de lecture traditionnels. Or, selon Yves-Charles Grandjeat, auteur de ce très b...

  13. Charles Sanders Peirce and the Abduction of Einstein: On the Comprehensibility of the World

    CERN Document Server

    de Waal, Cornelis

    2016-01-01

    Einstein was deeply puzzled by the success of natural science, and thought that we would never be able to explain it. He came to this conclusion on the ground that we cannot extract the basic laws of physics from experience using induction or deduction, and he took this to mean that they cannot be arrived at in a logical manner at all. In this paper I use Charles Peirce's logic of abduction, a third mode of reasoning different from deduction and induction, and show that it can be used to explain how laws in physics are arrived at, thereby addressing Einstein's puzzle about the incomprehensible comprehensibility of the universe. Interpreting Einstein's reflections in terms of Peirce's abduction also sheds light on abduction itself, by seeing it applied in an area where our common sense, and with that our intuitions, give us little or no guidance, and is even prone to lead us astray.

  14. Por otra lectura de Charles d'Orléans: el valor de la imagen

    OpenAIRE

    García Bascuñana, Juan Francisco

    1987-01-01

    La presente tesis doctoral tiene como objetivo prioritario poner de relieve la importancia de la imagen en la obra de Charles d'Orléans, más allá del carácter alegórico de esta poesía, como expresión definitiva que es de toda una corriente literaria que partiendo, sobre todo, del siglo XIII, con "Le Roman de la Rose", abarca los siglos XIV y XV.De ahí que en la introducción a nuestro estudio, aparte de situar la obra del duque de Orléans en el contexto literario que le es propio, junto y no c...

  15. Charles Dickens and Barnaby Rudge: The First Description of Williams Syndrome?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eblovi, Darren; Clardy, Christopher

    2016-02-01

    Williams syndrome, a disorder caused by a genetic deletion and characterized by moderate intellectual disability with relatively strong language skills and a hypersocial personality, was first described in the medical literature in 1961. However, 120 years earlier, Charles Dickens wrote the novel Barnaby Rudge, which follows an "idiot" through London's Gordon Riots of 1780. We propose that Dickens based this character on a person he knew with Williams syndrome. Common features include an "elfin" face, decreased cognitive ability and dependence on a caretaker, strong language skills with emphatic and perseverative speech, anxiety, and an empathetic, overly trusting personality. In the novel, these traits lead the character Barnaby to be duped into actively participating in the riots, which nearly results in his hanging. This example of fiction providing a description of a disorder more detailed than that of medical journals more than a century later should encourage physicians to look to sources beyond traditional scientific articles for valuable clinical information.

  16. Two new Mio-Pliocene Chadian hominids enlighten Charles Darwin's 1871 prediction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunet, Michel

    2010-10-27

    The idea of an evolutionary sequence for humans is quite recent. Over the last 150 years, we have discovered unexpected ancestors, numerous close relatives and our deep evolutionary roots in Africa. In the last decade, three Late Miocene hominids have been described, two about 6 Ma (Ardipithecus and Orrorin) in East Africa and the third dated to about 7 Ma (Sahelanthropus) in Central Africa. The specimens are too few to propose definite relationship to other species, but clearly these belong to a new evolutive grade distinct from Australopithecus and Homo. Moreover, all of them were probably habitual bipeds and lived in woodlands, thus falsifying the savannah hypothesis of human origins. In light of all this recent knowledge, Charles Darwin predicted correctly in 1871 that Africa is the birthplace of humans, chimpanzees and our close relatives.

  17. Charles Dickens y el Londres de Baroja y Pérez de Ayala

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío G. Sumillera

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo explora la visión de la ciudad de Londres que Benito Pérez Galdós, Pío Baroja y Ramón Pérez de Ayala construyen a través de la lectura de las obras de su admirado Charles Dickens y de sus propias visitas a la ciudad en un proceso que se puede denominar “descubrimiento por reconocimiento”. En particular, el artículo discute las impresiones y la percepción de Londres por Pío Baroja, analizando para ello fragmentos de, no sólo La ciudad de la niebla y sus Memorias, como ha sido habitual en estudios comparativos anteriores, sino de, también, Los impostores joviales, Laura, o La soledad sin remedio, "Los espectros del castillo", y El hotel del cisne.

  18. Récits de voyage, fiction et voyageurs fictifs dans American Notes de Charles Dickens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie VANFASSE

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Dickens effectua sa première visite aux Etats-Unis de janvier à juin 1842. Ce séjour inclut un mois au Canada. À la suite de ce voyage, le romancier publia American Notes qui parurent la même année. Dans son ouvrage intitulé Innocent Abroad : Charles Dickens’s American Engagements (1990, Jerome Meckier énumère les récits de voyage consacrés aux Etats-Unis que Dickens est supposé avoir consultés ou lus avant son propre périple : Diary in America (1839 du Capitaine Frederick Marryat, Observat...

  19. Plot and Pattern (Ⅱ)in Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗翠丽; 杨秀华

    2002-01-01

    假如说情节是小说家构造小说的灵魂,那么模式就是灵魂起飞的双翼.而适度巧合的运用更增添了灵魂活现的筹码.查理狄更斯的著作〈雾都孤儿〉在这一方面体现得淋漓尽致.%If plot is a soul organized by a novelist ,pattern should be the two taking-off wings of the soul. But the usage of suitable coincidence increases energy and activity of the soul. Oliver Twist written by Charles Dickens in this way,is a better work of which embodies this kind of plot and pattern.

  20. Plot and Pattern(Ⅰ) In Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨秀华; 田树森; 金彦海

    2002-01-01

    假若说情节是小说家的灵魂,那么模式就是灵魂起飞的双翼,而适度巧合的运用更增添了灵魂活现的筹码.查理·狄更斯的著作在这方面表现得淋漓尽致.%If plot is the soul organized novel by a novelist, pattern should be the two taking-off wings of the soul. But the usage of suitable coincidence increases energy and activity of soul. Oliver Twist written by Charles Dickens in this way,is a better work of which embodies this kind of plot and pattern.