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Sample records for sang hee kweon

  1. Dansk sang som identitetshistorie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Lars Ole

    2008-01-01

    Anmeldelse af Georg Metz' bog med kultur- og identitetshistoriske kommentarer til 117 danske sange, salmer og viser. Udgivelsesdato: 201108......Anmeldelse af Georg Metz' bog med kultur- og identitetshistoriske kommentarer til 117 danske sange, salmer og viser. Udgivelsesdato: 201108...

  2. En stille sang

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balsby, Thorsten Johannes Skovbjerg; Dabelsteen, Torben

    2008-01-01

    Fugles sang er ikke altid beregnet på at kunne blive hørt vidt og bredt. Nogle gange er hannens sang kun møntet på den udkårne hun, og skal helst ikke høres af andre.......Fugles sang er ikke altid beregnet på at kunne blive hørt vidt og bredt. Nogle gange er hannens sang kun møntet på den udkårne hun, og skal helst ikke høres af andre....

  3. After Sang Lan Fell

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    SANG Lan lies quietly in her bed, her pretty face composed and sweet. The 17-year-old Chinese gymnast looks more like a little girl than an experienced athlete, and yet she has displayed tremendous strength after a terrible accident on the vault on July 21st that left her paralyzed. Sang was sleeping when Chinese Vice Premier Qian Qichen arrived at her Nassau County Medical Center room for a visit. Since the most frightful tragedy of the Goodwill Games happened right before the eyes of thousands of audience members, the Chinese national vaulting champion has become the focus of people all over the

  4. En sang der er et overlevelsesudstyr

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kock, Christian Erik J

    2015-01-01

    Fredmans Epistel N:o 81 er en af de Bellman-sange der oftest er blevet fortolket af sangere og grupper, og som synes at være blandt hans mest virkningsfulde. Hvad er dens virkning, og hvad beror den på? Læsningen her inddrager både ord og musik, lyd og tanke.......Fredmans Epistel N:o 81 er en af de Bellman-sange der oftest er blevet fortolket af sangere og grupper, og som synes at være blandt hans mest virkningsfulde. Hvad er dens virkning, og hvad beror den på? Læsningen her inddrager både ord og musik, lyd og tanke....

  5. How health economic evaluation (HEE) contributes to decision-making in public health care: the case of Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elias, Flávia Tavares Silva; Araújo, Denizar Vianna

    2014-01-01

    The universal access to a health care system for the Brazilian population was established in 1990. Brazil is a country with no tradition in the production and use of health economic evaluation (HEE) to guide decision making in the public health system. It is only within the last two decades that HEEs using a microeconomic approach have appeared in the academic field. On a national level, HEE and Health Technology Assessment (HTA), in a wider sense, were first taken into account in 2003. Two policies deserve to be mentioned - (i) the regulation of medicines in the Brazilian market, and (ii) science, technology and innovation policy. The latter required the fostering of applied research to encourage the application of methods which employ systematic reviews and economic analyses of cost-effectiveness to guide the incorporation of technologies in the Brazilian health care system. The Ministry of Health has initiated the process of incorporating these new technologies on a federal level during the last ten years. In spite of the improvement of HEE methods at Brazilian universities and research institutes, these technologies have not yet reached the governmental bodies. In Brazil, the main challenge lies in the production, interpretation and application of HEE to all technologies within the access scheme(s), and there is limited capacity building. Setting priorities can be the solution for Brazil to be able to perform HEE for relevant technologies within the access scheme(s) while the universal coverage system struggles with a triple burden of disease. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier GmbH.

  6. Vietnamese President Truong Tan Sang Meets Chinese Friends

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu; Yiyi

    2013-01-01

    <正>The visiting Vietnamese President Truong Tan Sang had a cordial meeting with Chinese personages friendly to Vietnam in the Vietnamese Embassy in China on June 20.The meeting was jointly arranged by

  7. Physical functioning and life style of 50-65 years’ age hee teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baskevich O.V.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to study life style of 50-65 years’ age university teachers depending on their physical functioning and its connection with behavior habits. Material: questioning of 150 respondents was fulfilled by specially prepared questionnaire. Anthropometric testing was conducted. Results: it was found that most of the questioned spend time watching TV or reading and pay very little attention to physical functioning. We also found that most of respondents deal with household chores but want to do something outdoors (practice public activity. There is a trend to avoid smoking among them. Only 5.0% are cigarette smokers. The rest have never smoked or gave up smoking more than 10 years ago. Among the partners of the questioned there are a lot of smokers (16.2%. Most of the questioned have friends and relatives, who can help to achieve the highest level of physical functioning. 18.9% of partners of the questioned regularly practice sports. Some useful for health habits are observed in life situations of all respondents. Conclusions: the received data witness about purposefulness of seeking of effective ways of pre retirement age HEE teachers’ involvement in active recreational functioning. We have also found that there are time reserves for this purpose.

  8. Influence of study in hee on ubiquity and strength of students’ computer gambling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kudryavtsev M.D.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to clear up effectiveness of learning-education process for counteraction of students’ harmful passion to computer games’ ubiquity. Material: 1st - 3rd year students (main health group were the objects of the research. In total they were 952 boys and 523 girls. In 1st year students’ academic groups testing was carried out ant the beginning of academic year (October; in academic groups of 1st-3rd year students the testing was at the end of academic year (May. Results: it was found that among 1st year boy students ubiquity of computer gaming as well as time losses, connected with it are higher than among girl students. Educational process is not sufficiently effective in struggle against computer gaming. For girls, this passion is not dangerous in general. In the course of study at HEE, the strength of this passion reduces independent on sex. Conclusions: for increase of educational process’s effectiveness and improvement of students’ life quality it is necessary to consider personal features of boy students as well as to organize health related measures with the help of health related physical culture means.

  9. El realismo animado de Sang-ho Yeon

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez Gurpegui, Carlos

    2015-01-01

    [ES] Este artículo se centra en la figura del director de animación surcoreano Sang-ho Yeong. Con solo dos largometrajes en su haber, ha logrado que sean las primeras cintas animadas de Corea del Sur en proyectarse en Cannes o ganar con su segunda cinta en Sitges. Su obra, aún poco conocida en nuestro país, realiza un crudo retrato de la sociedad surcoreana del momento. En el presente artículo revisaremos las bases sobre las que se asienta el cine de Sang-ho Yeong, trazando una correspondenci...

  10. Fællessange er ikke solosange. Carl Nielsens sange - på engelsk!?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Lars Ole

    2015-01-01

    Et essay om Carl lNielsens bidrag til fornyelse af den folkelige sang i Danmark - i anledning af en cd-udgivelse med udvalgte Carl Nielsen sange sunget i engelsk oversættelse.......Et essay om Carl lNielsens bidrag til fornyelse af den folkelige sang i Danmark - i anledning af en cd-udgivelse med udvalgte Carl Nielsen sange sunget i engelsk oversættelse....

  11. L’émoi envahissant et le sang-froid

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    « L’émoi envahissant et le sang-froid ». Le propos de cette étude est de comparer dans une perspective sémiotique les considérations générales qui clôturent l’article de Mauss sur « Les tech­niques du corps » dans lesquelles l’auteur insiste sur le sang froid comme ré­sultat-modèle d’une « technique d’adaptation du corps à son usage », aboutissement d’une « résistance à l’émoi envahissant », avec les propos te­nus sur le même sujet par A. Damasio dans L’Erreur de Descartes. L’objectif est d’a...

  12. Den beneventanske sang, en før-gregoriansk sangtradition fra grænseområdet mellem Byzans og Vesteuropa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Troelsgård, Christian

    1993-01-01

    Musikhistorie, byzantinsk musik, Langobarder-riget, gregoriansk sang, Beneventanske håndskrifter......Musikhistorie, byzantinsk musik, Langobarder-riget, gregoriansk sang, Beneventanske håndskrifter...

  13. "Tallinn Jazz Weekend" tõi kultuuripealinna Euroopa jazzielu korraldajad / Marje Ingel, Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ingel, Marje

    2011-01-01

    Jazziorganisatsioonist Europe Jazz Network ja selle aastakonverentsist Tallinnas ning J. Sang selle raames Von Krahli teatris toimunud Tallinn Jazz Weekendi eesti jazzmuusika showcase-festivalist lühidalt

  14. "Tallinn Jazz Weekend" tõi kultuuripealinna Euroopa jazzielu korraldajad / Marje Ingel, Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ingel, Marje

    2011-01-01

    Jazziorganisatsioonist Europe Jazz Network ja selle aastakonverentsist Tallinnas ning J. Sang selle raames Von Krahli teatris toimunud Tallinn Jazz Weekendi eesti jazzmuusika showcase-festivalist lühidalt

  15. Skal vi synge den originale eller folkelige version af vores danske sange?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Jens Stig

    2015-01-01

    Artiklen behandler problemet med, at sange har en tendens til at ændre sig over tid og flittig brug, og via nogle kendte eksempler behandler den spørgsmålet om, hvordan vi kan forholde os til denne problematik.......Artiklen behandler problemet med, at sange har en tendens til at ændre sig over tid og flittig brug, og via nogle kendte eksempler behandler den spørgsmålet om, hvordan vi kan forholde os til denne problematik....

  16. En integrativ terapeutisk anvendelse af sang med udgangspunkt i neuropsykologiske, psykofysiologiske og psykodynamiske teorier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner

    2007-01-01

    Hvordan kan terapeutiske forløb tilrettelægges så klienter med svære neurologiske forstyrrelser, fx mennesker med en demenssygdom, kan opnå en form for indsigt og terapeutisk forandring? Dette spørgsmål søges besvaret ved at beskrive anvendelsen af sang i den terapeutiske relation ud fra neuropsy...

  17. Narasi Cahaya Kearifan Lokal Dalam Film Sang Pencerah Karya Hanung Bramantyo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Gayatri Puspitasari

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRAK   Narasi merupakan unsur penting dalam film. Urutannya mengandung logika tertentu yang berkaitan dengan makna cerita film. Film dapat dikatakan sebagai narasi yang merep- resentasikan realitas. Namun karena film merupakan gubahan sutradara, maka urutan peris- tiwa itu tentunya sudah dibubuhi pesan atau niatan tertentu sutradara. Dengan mengambil film Sang Pencerah karya Hanung Bramantyo sebagai studi kasus, dilakukan identifikasi pesan dan makna yang termuat di dalam film tersebut. Kajian ini menggunakan metode analisis teks visual naratif dengan teori narasi Genette dan semiotika Peirce sebagai pembantu. Dari hasil analisis struktur narasiditemukan bahwa Sang Pencerah merupakan film alur tiga babak dengan pola linier. Aspek cahaya yang dikorelasikan dengan makna pencerahan, tampak dimanfaat- kan sebagai pengikat rangkaian inti cerita. Melalui analisis berbagai penanda visual selanjutnya ditemukan bahwa gagasan pembaharuan (pencerahan yang diketengahkan sutradara dalam film ini merupakanrasionalitas modernisme Barat versus Ahmad Dahlan. Sebuah rasionalitas yang mengejawantahkan kesantunan dan kearifan lokal sebagai keutuhan jati diri pengimbang kebaharuan.   Kata kunci: narasi, film, cahaya, pesan, modernisme

  18. KAJIAN ASPEK FOTOGRAFIS DALAM TEHNIK OLAH DIGITAL POSTER FILM SANG PEMIMPI

    OpenAIRE

    Noor Latif CM

    2011-01-01

    As the advancement of digital imaging technology, this urges internal actors to be more accurate and explorative in producing visual communication work with photography element and digital touching process. Digital process ability with no photographical ability will produce raw and anomaly visual work of art. Besides, audience is smarter and more appreciative towards quality of visual appearance in several modern communication media. Film poster of Sang Pemimpi is a case reflection of g...

  19. Årets gang i ord og sang, med Axel, Anna og lille Camilla

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Lise Charlotte Sanders; Lefmann, Else

    "Årets gang i ord og sang med Axel, Anna og lille Camilla" henvender sig til de 5-8 årige i skole, hjem eller daginstitution - og består af: En illustreret bog med: 14 historier, der følger en familie, bestående af far, mor og tre børn. Gennem et helt år, måned for måned, hører vi om deres liv......, deres oplevelser, glæder og skuffelser. 14 sange, der ligeledes følger familiens liv gennem årstidernes skiften. Til sangene er der såvel noder som becifringer En CD Her er sangene først fuldt arrangeret med musik, børne- og voksenstemmer. Dernæst kommer musikken alene, således at Cd'en også kan bruges...... som akkompagnement, når man synger sangene. Materialet kan bruges på mange måder: Rent pædagogisk kan det bruges til at lære om årets gang og månedernes navne og rækkefølge Som en oplagt mulighed for at lære nye børnevenlige årstids sange i forskellige genre Som samtalestof med gode...

  20. DIGITAL PRESERVATION OF THE QUON SANG LUNG LAUNDRY BUILDING, FORT MACLEOD, ALBERTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Dawson

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the results of an emergency recording and archiving of a historic structure in Southern Alberta and explores the lessons learned. Digital recording of the Quon Sang Lung Laundry building in Fort Macleod, Alberta, was a joint initiative between Alberta Culture and Tourism and the University of Calgary. The Quon Sang Lung Laundry was a boomtown-style wood structure situated in the Fort Macleod Provincial Historic Area, Alberta. Built in the mid-1800s, the structure was one of the four buildings comprising Fort Macleod’s Chinatown. Its association with Chinese immigration, settlement, and emergence of Chinese-owned businesses in early twentieth-century Alberta, made the Quon Sang Lung Laundry a unique and very significant historic resource. In recent years, a condition assessment of the structure indicated that the building was not safe and that the extent of the instability could lead to a sudden collapse. In response, Alberta Culture and Tourism engaged the Departments of Anthropology and Archaeology and Geomatics Engineering from the University of Calgary, to digitally preserve the laundry building. A complete survey including the laser scanning of all the remaining elements of the original structure, was undertaken. Through digital modeling, the work guarantees that a three-dimensional representation of the building is available for future use. This includes accurate 3D renders of the exterior and interior spaces and a collection of architectural drawings comprising floor plans, sections, and elevations.

  1. Digital Preservation of the Quon Sang Lung Laundry Building, Fort Macleod, Alberta

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, P.; Baradaran, F.; Jahraus, A.; Rubalcava, E.; Farrokhi, A.; Robinson, C.

    2017-08-01

    This paper describes the results of an emergency recording and archiving of a historic structure in Southern Alberta and explores the lessons learned. Digital recording of the Quon Sang Lung Laundry building in Fort Macleod, Alberta, was a joint initiative between Alberta Culture and Tourism and the University of Calgary. The Quon Sang Lung Laundry was a boomtown-style wood structure situated in the Fort Macleod Provincial Historic Area, Alberta. Built in the mid-1800s, the structure was one of the four buildings comprising Fort Macleod's Chinatown. Its association with Chinese immigration, settlement, and emergence of Chinese-owned businesses in early twentieth-century Alberta, made the Quon Sang Lung Laundry a unique and very significant historic resource. In recent years, a condition assessment of the structure indicated that the building was not safe and that the extent of the instability could lead to a sudden collapse. In response, Alberta Culture and Tourism engaged the Departments of Anthropology and Archaeology and Geomatics Engineering from the University of Calgary, to digitally preserve the laundry building. A complete survey including the laser scanning of all the remaining elements of the original structure, was undertaken. Through digital modeling, the work guarantees that a three-dimensional representation of the building is available for future use. This includes accurate 3D renders of the exterior and interior spaces and a collection of architectural drawings comprising floor plans, sections, and elevations.

  2. KAJIAN ASPEK FOTOGRAFIS DALAM TEHNIK OLAH DIGITAL POSTER FILM SANG PEMIMPI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noor Latif CM

    2011-03-01

    audience is smarter and more appreciative towards quality of visual appearance in several modern communication media. Film poster of Sang Pemimpi is a case reflection of general digital in visual communication work that has gap among communication product content according to the brand of the film. Photography element composition is melted with bondless pile among the objects. Logical photography as bonding bridge of visual logic is weak in execution; where we could see it has less digital process commercial market need with the supporting resources.

  3. An individual bioequivalence approach to compare the intrasubject variability of two ciclosporin formulations, SangCya and Neoral.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canafax, D M; Irish, W D; Moran, H B; Squiers, E; Levy, R; Pouletty, P; First, M R; Christians, U

    1999-08-01

    A novel bioequivalence testing approach was used to determine intrasubject variability and switchability of two ciclosporin formulations, SangCya (test) and Neoral (reference). Twenty healthy volunteers were enrolled into a single-dose, randomized, open-label, 4-period, 2-sequence study with a crossover replicate design. Subject-by-formulation interaction variances were compared using a mixed effects linear model. Intrasubject variability for ln AUC(0-infinity) and ln C(max) of SangCya and Neoral were not significantly different. The 95% confidence intervals of the intrasubject variability of AUC(0-infinity) (0.94) and C(max) (1.28) as determined using the bootstrap nonparametric percentile method (n = 2,000) were below the individual bioequivalence limit estimated at 2.25. We concluded equivalent intrasubject variability of ciclosporin pharmacokinetics and switchability between SangCya and Neoral.

  4. Absolut sang

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Parly, Nila Charlotte

    En række analytiske gennemgange af de kvindelige hovedpartier i Richard Wagners værker fra "Den flyvende Hollænder" til "Parsifal". Med afsæt i Carl Dahlhaus' og Carolyn Abbates teorier fokuseres der på orkester- og sangstemmernes klanglige og melodiske betydning for værkernes komplekse dramaturg...

  5. Analysis of parasitic diseases diagnosed by tissue biopsy specimens at KyungHee Medical Center (1984-2005) in Seoul, Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Won-Hyung; Chu, Jong-Phil; Jiang, Meihua; Lee, Yun-Sik; Kim, Bum-Shik; Kim, Deog-Gon; Park, Yong-Koo

    2010-03-01

    We analyzed parasitic diseases diagnosed by tissue biopsy specimens at KyungHee Medical Center (KMC) from 1984 to 2005. The total number of parasite infection cases was 150 (0.07%) out of the total 211,859 biopsy specimens submitted for histopathological examinations. They consisted of 62 cysticercosis, 23 sparganosis, 16 paragonimiasis, 15 amebiasis, 11 anisakiasis, 11 clonorchiasis, 3 ascariasis, 2 scabies, 2 enterobiasis, 2 trichuriasis, 1 leishmaniasis, 1 taeniasis, and 1 thelaziasis. Out of 62 cysticercosis cases, 55 were detected in subcutaneous tissues or the central nerve system. Eighteen out of 23 sparganosis cases were involved in muscular and subcutaneous tissues. In most anisakiasis cases, the involved organ was the stomach. The lung and the pleura were the most common site of paragonimiasis. The incidence of parasitic diseases during the first 5 years (1984-1988) was the highest of all observed periods. After 1989, similar incidences were shown throughout the period. Whereas cysticercosis was diagnosed in 34 cases during 1984-1988, no case has been diagnosed since 2000. In the case of sparganosis, the chronological incidence was almost uniform throughout the period 1984-2005. Paragonimiasis showed a similar tendency to cysticercosis. In gender and age distribution of parasitic diseases, men showed higher incidence rates than females, and the age groups of the 40s or older indicated higher infection frequencies than other age groups. Therefore, these results are a significant report to appear the tendency of human parasitic disease diagnosed by tissue biopsy in association with parasitosis at KMC in Seoul.

  6. Blood group genotyping Genotipagem de grupos sangüíneos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilian Castilho

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Accurate phenotyping of red blood cells (RBCs can be difficult in transfusion-dependent patients such as those with thalassemia and sickle cells anemia because of the presence of previously transfused RBCs in the patient's circulation. Recently, the molecular basis associated with the expression of many blood group antigens was established. This allowed the development of a plethora of polymerase chain reaction-based tests for identification of the blood group antigens by testing DNA. The determination of blood group polymorphism at the genomic level facilitates the resolution of clinical problems that cannot be addressed by hemagglutination. They are useful to (a determine antigen types for which currently available antibodies are weakly reactive; (b type patients who have been recently transfused; (c identify fetuses at risk for hemolytic disease of the newborn; and (d to increase the reliability of repositories of antigen negative RBCs for transfusion. It is important to note that PCR based assays are prone to different types of errors that those observed with hemagglutination assays. For instance, contamination with amplified products may lead to false positive test results. In addition, the identification of a particular genotype does not necessarily mean that the antigen will be expressed on the RBC membrane.Os antígenos eritrocitários são herdados geneticamente e definidos por seqüências de aminoácidos específicos constituindo uma proteína ou por carboidratos ligados a estas proteínas ou à lipídios. A diversidade dos antígenos de grupos sangüíneos, como para qualquer outro traço biológico, encontra-se ao nível do gene. Existem atualmente mais de 250 antígenos eritrocitários que se encontram distribuídos em 29 sistemas de grupos sangüíneos, de acordo com a Nomenclatura da Sociedade Internacional de Transfusão Sangüínea (ISBT. Os genes que codificam 28 dos 29 sistemas de grupos sangüíneos já foram clonados e seq

  7. Kajian Aspek Fotografis dalam Tehnik Olah Digital Poster Film “ Sang Pemimpi ”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noor Latif CM

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available As the advancement of digital imaging technology, this urges internal actors to be more accurate and explorative in producing visual communication work with photography element and digital touching process. Digital process ability with no photographical ability will produce raw and anomaly visual work of art. Besides, audience is smarter and more appreciative towards quality of visual appearance in several modern communication media. Film poster of Sang Pemimpi is a case reflection of general digital in visual communication work that has gap among communication product content according to the brand of the film. Photography element composition is melted with bondless pile among the objects. Logical photography as bonding bridge of visual logic is weak in execution; where we could see it has less digital process commercial market need with the supporting resources. 

  8. Effect of Herbal Acupuncture with Sang-hwang(Phellinus linteus on High Fat Diet-induced Obesity in Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji Hyun Kim

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Acupuncture has fairly good weight-reducing effect in treating simple obesity due to the neuroendocrine regulation. In this study, the anti-obesity effects of herbal acupuncture (HA with Sang-hwang (Phellinus linteus at Fuai (SP16 were investigated in the rat fed on high-fat (HF diet. Sang-hwang mushroom has been proven to have anti-carcinogenic effects and Sang-hwang extracts are highly effective in treatment and preventive treatment of AIDS, diabetes and high blood-pressure. To determine whether the Sang-hwang herbal acupuncture may have the anti-obesity effect, male Sprague-Dawley (4-wk-old rats were fed a HF diet for 5 wk, which produced significant weight gain compared to rats were fed a normal diet, and then herbal acupuncture were treated for 3 wk in HF diet group. The body weight, food consumption, food effeciency ratio (FER, body fat mass, plasma nitric oxide (NO were investigated in rats fed on normal diet, HF diet, and HF diet with HA (HF-diet-HA groups. NO has been proposed to be involved in the regulation of food intake. In addition, the expression of appetite peptides such as orexigenic peptide neuropeptide Y (NPY and the anorectic peptide cholecystokinin (CCK were observed in the hypothalamus. HF-HA group reduced body weight gain, FER, body fat contents and NO concentration compared to HF diet group. The expression of NPY was reduced in arcuate nucleus (ARC, and CCK was increased in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN after treatment of HA. In conclusion, Sang-hwang HA reduced adipocity, plasma NO and hypothalamic NPY, but increased CCK expression in the HF diet-induced obesity rat, therefore HA may have anti-obesity action through regulating body weight and appetite peptide of the central nervous system.

  9. The effect of clove-based herbal mouthwash on radiation-induced oral mucositis in patients with head and neck cancer: a single-blind randomized preliminary study

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Moonkyoo Kong,1 Deok-Sang Hwang,2 Seong Woo Yoon,3 Jinsung Kim4 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, 2Department of Korean Medicine Obstetrics & Gynecology, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, 3Department of Korean Internal Medicine, Korean Medicine Cancer Center, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, 4Department of Korean Internal Medicine, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, College of Korean Medicin...

  10. STUDY OF PREMATURE BABIES IN RELATION TO ITS OUTCOME AND ANTENATAL RISK FACTORS AT GENERAL HOSPITAL SANGLI

    OpenAIRE

    Satish D; Suresh K; Renuka S

    2014-01-01

    : OBJECTIVE: To know the neonatal outcome and antenatal risk factors among premature babies. MATERIAL & METHODS: STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of General Hospital Sangli under Government Medical College, Miraj. SAMPLE SIZE: 134 Premature babies admitted during the year 2013 in NICU. DATA COLLECTION: From the case sheet of the study subjects, with the help of pre structured proforma. STUDY PERIOD: January 2013 to December ...

  11. Preliminary study on avian fauna of the Krishna River basin Sangli District, Western Maharashtra, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumbar, Suresh M; Ghadage, Abhijit B

    2014-11-01

    The present study on avifaunal diversity carried out for three years at the Krishna River Basin, Sangli District revealed a total of 126 species of birds belonging to 30 families, of which 91 species were resident, 16 migratory, 12 resident and local migratory and 7 species were resident and migratory. Among the migrant birds, Rosy Starling Sturnus roseus was dominant in the study area. Commonly recorded resident bird species were, Red vented bulbul, Jungle crow, House sparrow, Common myna, Brahminy myna, Rock pigeon, Spotted dove, Rose ringed parakeet, Indian robin, White-browed fantail-flycatcher and Small sunbird. Most of the families had one or two species, whereas Muscicapidae family alone had 16 species. Forty one species of waterfowls were recorded in this small landscape. Out of 126 bird species, 38 were insectivorous, 28 piscivorous, 25 omnivorous, 19 carnivorous, 9 granivorous, 5 frugivorous and 2 species were nectar sucker and insectivorous. These results suggest that richness of avifauna in the Krishna River Basin, Western Maharashtra might be due to large aquatic ground, varied vegetations and favourable environmental conditions.

  12. Sang Froid in a time of trouble: is a vaccine against HIV possible?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Plotkin Stanley A

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Since the announcement of the STEP trial results in the past months, we have heard many sober pronouncements on the possibility of an HIV vaccine. On the other hand, optimistic quotations have been liberally used, from Shakespeare's Henry V's "Once more unto the breach, dear friends" to Winston Churchill's definition of success as "going from one failure to another with no loss of enthusiasm". I will forgo optimistic quotations for the phrase "Sang Froid", which translates literally from the French as "cold blood"; what it really means is to avoid panic when things look bad, to step back and coolly evaluate the situation. This is not to counsel easy optimism or to fly in face of the facts, but I believe that while the situation is serious, it is not desperate. I should stipulate at the outset that I am neither an immunologist nor an expert in HIV, but someone who has spent his life in vaccine development. What I will try to do is to provide a point of view from that experience. There is no doubt that the results of STEP were disappointing: not only did the vaccine fail to control viral load, but may have adversely affected susceptibility to infection. But HIV is not the only vaccine to experience difficulties; what lessons can we glean from prior vaccine development?

  13. An integrated hydrological, ecological, and economical (HEE) modeling system for assessing water resources and ecosystem production: calibration and validation in the upper and middle parts of the Yellow River Basin, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xianglian; Yang, Xiusheng; Gao, Wei

    2006-08-01

    Effective management of water resources in arid and semi-arid areas demands studies that cross over the disciplinaries of natural and social sciences. An integrated Hydrological, Ecological and Economical (HEE) modeling system at regional scale has been developed to assess water resources use and ecosystem production in arid and semi-arid areas. As a physically-based distributed modeling system, the HEE modeling system requires various input parameters including those for soil, vegetation, topography, groundwater, and water and agricultural management at different spatial levels. A successful implementation of the modeling system highly depends on how well it is calibrated. This paper presented an automatic calibration procedure for the HEE modeling system and its test in the upper and middle parts of the Yellow River basin. Previous to calibration, comprehensive literature investigation and sensitivity analysis were performed to identify important parameters for calibration. The automatic calibration procedure was base on conventional Monte Carlo sampling method together with a multi-objective criterion for calibration over multi-site and multi-output. The multi-objective function consisted of optimizing statistics of mean absolute relative error (MARE), Nash-Sutcliffe model efficiency coefficient (E NS), and coefficient of determination (R2). The modeling system was calibrated against streamflow and harvest yield data from multiple sites/provinces within the basin over 2001 by using the proposed automatic procedure, and validated over 1993-1995. Over the calibration period, the mean absolute relative error of simulated daily streamflow was within 7% while the statistics R2 and E NS of daily streamflow were 0.61 and 0.49 respectively. Average simulated harvest yield over the calibration period was about 9.2% less than that of observations. Overall calibration results have indicated that the calibration procedures developed in this study can efficiently calibrate

  14. Ethos homoafetivo e constructos retórico-discursivos no romance brasileiro contemporâneo: uma análise das obras “Trem fantasma”, de Carlos Hee, e “Cinema Orly, de Luis Capucho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Ianez Carbonel

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo objetiva demonstrar como constructos retórico-discursivos podem evidenciar a existência de uma produção homoerótica que caracteriza a realidade de uma literatura gay na produção cultural brasileira. Nosso foco são Trem fantasma, de Carlos Hee, e Cinema Orly, de Luis Capucho, porque nossa finalidade é demonstrar como há uma tendência atual de autores gays escreverem obras literárias de temática gay, e isso não está relacionado apenas a autores mais consagrados, como Caio Fernando Abreu e outros. Na verdade, nós tentamos demonstrar que essa tendência segue diferentes caminhos de acordo com as características pessoais de cada autor.

  15. Occupational Stress and Burnouts as Predictors of Job Satisfaction Amongst Lawyers in District Sangli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patel Kriti A

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: The practice of law is a high prestige, high skill, high income and high stress profession. The present study was conducted to find out the role of stressors on mental well being of the lawyers. Objectives: To study the occupational stress amongst the lawyers and to examine the correlates of job satisfaction in them, and to study the gender difference (if any of stress and job satisfaction. Also to study the association between levels of stress and substance abuse disorders. Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted in Dist. Court Sangli, which involved collection of data using predesigned proforma. By using Systematic Random sampling technique, out of total 240 lawyers 120(76 males and 44 females were interviewed. Presumptive Stress Life Event Scale (PSLES was used as a validated screening tool to calculate their Mental Stress Score. The level of Job Satisfaction was scored by 3 point scaling system taking 10 independent variables as the predictors of job satisfaction. Data was analyzed using appropriate statistical tests. Results: 88.3% lawyers had experienced stress. The female lawyers had high Mean Mental Stress Score. 81.8% female lawyers had high Job satisfaction Score i.e. low Job satisfaction. 52.8% of the male lawyers having stress reported substance abuse disorders. Conclusion: The female lawyers experience significantly greater stress and burnouts as compared to males. Job satisfaction is significantly and negatively correlated with stress. The need of the hour is to make an effort in coping with stress amongst lawyers. [National J of Med Res 2012; 2(2.000: 141-144

  16. An Analysis on Phylogenetic Relationship and Divergence Time of Yunnan Guangye Sang and Qinzhou Changguo Sang in Morus Genus Based on ITS Sequence%基于ITS分析云南光叶桑和钦州长果桑在桑属中的亲缘关系及分化时间

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈仁芳; 陈祥平; 范小敏; 陈家元; 刘泽听; 虞志伟

    2012-01-01

    云南光叶桑、钦州长果桑在形态分类学上均属同一桑种Morus macroura.通过PCR扩增2份地方品种资源材料的ITS序列并分析序列差异及构建系统进化树,阐明各自在桑属中的遗传分化关系.2份材料的ITS序列长度均为576 bp,其中:云南光叶桑的G+C含量为59.90%,碱基序列45位A变G,560位T变G,与昆明奶桑(Morus macrou,)、荥经川桑(Morus notabilis)、云南毛叶奶桑(Morus macroura var.mawa)、云南长穗桑(Morus wittiorum)、云南奶桑(Morus macroura)、雅安华桑(Morus cathayana)同在第Ⅰ类群,有较近的亲缘关系;钦州长果桑的G+C含量为59.72%,碱基序列45位为A,560位T变G,与云南华桑(Morus cathayana)同在第Ⅱ类群,有较近的亲缘关系.应用松散分子钟方法估算云南光叶桑与荥经川桑、雅安华桑、云南长穗桑的分化时间为8.23 Ma,钦州长果桑与云南华桑的分化时间为9.67 Ma,二者起源的地质年代是新第三纪中新世与上新世之交,是为了抵御地球寒冷、旱化,向南、向山地迁移形成的物种.%Yunnan Guangye Sang and Qinzhou Changguo Sang belong to the same mulberry species, Morus macroura, in morphological taxonomy. In this study, the ITS sequences of both local variety materials were PCR amplified, analyzed on their sequence difference, and used to construct phylogenetic trees for elucidation of their inheritance and divergence behavior in the Morus genus. The ITS sequence of both materials is 576 bp. However, the G +C content in Yunnan Guangye Sang is 59. 90%, and A has been replaced by G at nucleotide 45 and T by G at nucleotide 560. It has close phylogenetic relationship with Kunming Nai Sang (Morus macroura), Yingjing Chuan Sang (Morus notabilis), Yunnan Maoyenai Sang (Morus macroura var. Mawa), Yunnan Changsui Sang ( Morus wittiorum), Yunnan Nai Sang ( Morus macroura), and Ya'an Hua Sang (Morus cathayana), all of which belong to group | in the constructed phylogenetic tree. The G + C

  17. Aspectos moleculares do Sistema Sangüíneo ABO Molecular aspects of ABO Blood Group System

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Carla Batissoco; Marcia Cristina Zago Novaretti

    2003-01-01

    O sistema ABO é o mais importante grupo sangüíneo na medicina transfusional. O gene ABO codifica as glicosiltransferases responsáveis pela transferência dos resíduos específicos de açúcar, GalNaca1-3 e Gala 1-3, ao substrato H e os convertem ao antígeno A ou B respectivamente. A estrutura do DNA dos três principais alelos do sistema ABO, A¹, B e O foi primeiramente descrita em 1990. Os avanços da genética molecular permitiram o entendimento da base molecular dos genes ABO e o conhecimento do ...

  18. Preference of service providers for the veterinary service-a case study of Sangli District of Maharastra state, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pallavi P.Mirajkar

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Availability of veterinary services is very important for development of livestock sector in India. In many locations apart from state veterinary services other veterinary services are also available and the veterinary service users have the choice available with them regarding the service providers. The preference of service providers depend upon the location, distance, livestock holding and capacity to pay and quality of services. A study was conducted among the livestock owners of Sangli district in Maharastra to assess the preference of the livestock owners towards a particular veterinary service provider. Majority of large farmers preferred state veterinary services and cooperative veterinary services where it had strong presence. Cooperative veterinary service can be a good alternative to the state veterinary services and the private veterinary service providers are still not preferred in the rural area. [Vet. World 2011; 4(3.000: 106-108

  19. Xinjiang Uygur Sang Pizhi Research and Appkucaion%新疆维吾尔族桑皮纸的研究与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    买托合提居来提

    2011-01-01

    本文对新疆维吾尔族桑皮纸的历史、维吾尔族民间制作工艺和应用等情况进行了探索性研究。桑皮纸在新疆非常古老,历史很久远,而新疆的桑皮纸历代生产以和田地区为中心,古老的和田孕育了悠久的桑皮纸历史文化和民间制作工艺技术。桑皮纸最大特点是结实而有韧性、柔嫩、防虫、拉力强、不褪色、吸水力强,主要用于书画装裱、包扎纸币、制伞、包装、制鞭炮,此外,还被用在印钱、制扇、印刷书籍等文化工艺生产活动中。%In this paper, the Xinjiang Uygur Sang Pizhi history, Uygur folk production and application of technology to conduct exploratory research, Sang Pizhi in Xinjiang is very old, very old history, and the Xinjiang Production Sang Pizhi history to Hotan Prefecture as the center of the ancient Wada gave birth to the age-old Sang Pizhi history, culture and civil production process technology, the largest Sang Pizhi characterized by strong and resilient, soft, pest control, strong pull, do not fade, water power, used mainly framed paintings, notes dressing, umbrella, Packaging system for the Indian firecrackers and money-fan, books and other cultural crafts.

  20. Estudo da associação entre o sistema histo-sangüíneo ABO e a malária por Plasmodium falciparum na Amazônia brasileira

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Danila Blanco de [UNESP

    2008-01-01

    O sistema sangüíneo ABO (sABO) é o mais importante sistema na compatibilidade de grupos sangüíneos. Muitas pesquisas têm mostrado associações deste sistema com várias doenças infecciosas, inclusive a malária. Este estudo avaliou a associação entre os genótipos do sistema histo-sangüíneo ABO e a malária não grave causada pelo Plasmodium falciparum. A genotipagem dos grupos sangüíneos do sistema ABO foi feita de acordo com o protocolo de PCR/ RFLP, em amostras de indivíduos maláricos e não malá...

  1. Dopplerfluxometria do ducto venoso: relação com a gasometria em fetos prematuros com centralização de fluxo sangüíneo

    OpenAIRE

    Sá Renato Augusto Moreira de; Netto Hermógenes Chaves; Lopes Laudelino Marques; Barreto Mário Jorge Viegas; Cabral Antônio Carlos Vieira

    2003-01-01

    OBJETIVO: avaliar o desempenho da dopplerfluxometria do ducto venoso (DV) na detecção da acidemia em fetos prematuros apresentando centralização de fluxo sangüíneo. MÉTODOS: estudo observacional transversal. A população em estudo consistiu de 48 gestantes entre a 25ª e a 33ª semana de gestação, que apresentavam centralização de fluxo sangüíneo fetal (relação umbílico/cerebral >1). O tempo decorrido entre o diagnóstico de centralização fetal e o nascimento (cesariana sob anestesia peridural) f...

  2. New Explanation on“Ji Mi”and“Sang Luo Zhi Xia”in Xunzi%《荀子》语词释义二则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡宁

    2014-01-01

    “Ji Mi”and“Sang Luo Zhi Xia” are two phrases in Xunzi. The annotation of“Mi”in“Ji Mi” should be“Lei”(pile up) and“Ji Mi”means accumulation. The etymology of“Sang Luo” is two verses in the Book of Songs, which are metaphor to the poor life and being abandoned eventually after marriage of the heroine. After this usage was fixed,“Sang Luo”became a synonym for dilemma. So,“Sang Luo Zhi Xia”means in dilemma.%“积靡”见于《荀子·儒效》篇,旧注训“靡”为“顺”,释为“顺其积习”。从原文语境以及荀子在人性论问题上对“积”、“顺”二词的使用来看,旧注不可从。“靡”当训为“累”,“积靡”即“积累”,是同义连用的复合词。“桑落之下”见于《荀子·宥坐》篇,注家众说纷纭。“桑落”的语源当是《诗经·卫风·氓》所言“桑之落矣,其黄而陨”,指困窘的处境,“桑落之下”即困境之下。

  3. Sange and Dazai Osamu's War Viewpoints%《散华》与太宰治的战争观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾妍; 尚侠

    2012-01-01

    1944年3月,太宰治在杂志《新若人》上发表了短篇小说《散华》。这篇作品是作家怀念死于二战战场上的青年友人的产物,令人意外的是,这篇与时局联系比较紧密的作品,在太宰文学研究中却一直较少被批评界提及。本文将从杂志特点、时代言论倾向和小说人物的两种“死”三个视角,探讨作品与作家的战争理解。%The novel Sange written by Dazai Osamu was published in magazine "Sinnwakoudo" in March, 1944. This novel is written for cherishing young friends died in World War II. Surprisingly, few scholars focused on Sange in the critics of Dazai' literary studies although the novel had close connection with the current situation. This dissertation will discuss Dazai Osamu's war viewpoints and Sange from three different angles: magazine features, speech tendency in the era and two "die" of characters in this novel.

  4. Lee Sang Gak Telescope (LSGT): A Remotely Operated Robotic Telescope for Education and Research at Seoul National University

    CERN Document Server

    Im, Myungshin; Kim, Kihyun

    2015-01-01

    We introduce the Lee Sang Gak Telescope (LSGT), a remotely operated, robotic 0.43-meter telescope. The telescope was installed at the Siding Spring Observatory, Australia, in 2014 October, to secure regular and exclusive access to the dark sky and excellent atmospheric conditions in the southern hemisphere from the Seoul National University (SNU) campus. Here, we describe the LSGT system and its performance, present example images from early observations, and discuss a future plan to upgrade the system. The use of the telescope includes (i) long-term monitoring observations of nearby galaxies, active galactic nuclei, and supernovae; (ii) rapid follow-up observations of transients such as gamma-ray bursts and gravitational wave sources; and (iii) observations for educational activities at SNU. Based on observations performed so far, we find that the telescope is capable of providing images to a depth of R=21.5 mag (point source detection) at 5-sigma with 15 min total integration time under good observing condi...

  5. STUDY OF PREMATURE BABIES IN RELATION TO ITS OUTCOME AND ANTENATAL RISK FACTORS AT GENERAL HOSPITAL SANGLI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satish D

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available : OBJECTIVE: To know the neonatal outcome and antenatal risk factors among premature babies. MATERIAL & METHODS: STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU of General Hospital Sangli under Government Medical College, Miraj. SAMPLE SIZE: 134 Premature babies admitted during the year 2013 in NICU. DATA COLLECTION: From the case sheet of the study subjects, with the help of pre structured proforma. STUDY PERIOD: January 2013 to December 2013. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Data analyzed with percentages. RESULTS: Out of 134 premature babies 34 (25.3% were SGA, 24 (17.9% LGA and 78 (58.2% were AGA. Jaundice (44.7 %, RDS (37.3 % and Sepsis (14.9 % were the commonest morbidities among the premature babies. RDS (85.4%, Sepsis (10.4 % and Aspiration Pneumonia (4.1 % were the causes of mortality. Mortality was higher among premature babies with birth weight < 1400grams. PROM (50.7 %, Anemia (35.8 % and Twin (17.9 % were the maternal risk factors. CONCLUSION: Jaundice, RDS and Sepsis were the common morbidities among the premature babies. Overall mortality among premature babies was 35.8 %. PROM and Anemia are the commonest maternal risk factors for the premature births.

  6. Cardioplegia sangüínea contínua normotérmica Normotermic continuous blood cardioplegy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domingo M Braile

    1989-08-01

    Full Text Available Os autores discutem o emprego da cardioplegia, bem como sua composição. A parada imediata dos batimentos pode ser conseguida com soluções cardioplégicas cristalóides ou sangüíneas, oxigenadas ou não. O agente que leva o coração à parada pode ser potássio, magnésio, procaína ou, mesmo, quelantes e bloqueadores de cálcio associados entre si ou não, contando com a edição da hipotermia ou não. Deve-se ficar atento para a falsa sensação de proteção a que a baixa temperatura possa nos induzir, uma vez que o frio, por si só, não é suficiente para manter o miocárdio viável por longos períodos. Substratos, como glicose e oxigênio, devem ser fornecidos durante o período de clampeamento aórtico, para garantir algum metabolismo aeróbio, nesse período. A adição de outros substratos, como glutamato, aspartato e lactato, assim como ATP ou creatina fosfato, precursores de intermediários do ciclo de Krebs, podem melhorar muito a proteção miocárdica. A infusão de cardioplegia sangüínea normotérmica de forma contínua mantém as necessidades metabólicas básicas para a sobrevivência das células. A membrana celular, com todas as suas funções estruturais e secretoras, é o ponto mais sensível à injúria isquêmica. Os removedores de radicais livres (scavengers são protetores indiretos da membrana celular. A cardioplegia retrógrada permite melhorar a distribuição das soluções na árvore coronariana, sendo muito útil nas reoperações. Ela deve fazer parte da tática cirúrgica, sem esquecermos suas limitações. O momento da reperfusão é o mais importante da proteção miocárdica; é nesse período que ocorre a liberação de radicais livres. O uso de removedores (scavengers pode melhorar as condições e o resultado da reperfusão. A cardioplegia sangüínea oxigenada e normotérmica enriquecida com substratos, antes usada em casos extremamente graves, por disfunção muscular em isquemia mioc

  7. Fatores associados à incoagulabilidade sangüínea no envenenamento por serpentes do gênero Bothrops Risk factors associated with coagulation abnormalities in Bothrops envenoming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Borges de Oliveira

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de conhecer fatores associados à incoagulabilidade sangüínea no envenenamento botrópico, foram obtidas informações de 2.991 prontuários médicos de pacientes atendidos no Instituto Butantan de 1981 a 1990. Associaram-se positivamente à incoagulabilidade sangüínea (p0,05: horário do acidente; presença de presa recém-deglutida no tubo digestivo da serpente; sexo e idade do paciente; ocorrência de bolha, necrose, abscesso e incisão local, amputação, insuficiência renal e óbito. Pode-se concluir que, embora a incoagulabilidade sangüínea apresente associação com manifestações precoces do envenenamento, não tem boa associação com a evolução clínica do paciente.This study aimed at assessing, in the envenoming by Bothrops, factors that are associated with blood incoagulability. Information was obtained from the charts of 2,991 patients admitted to Instituto Butantan, from 1981 to 1990. Factors positively associated with blood incoagulability (p0.05 were: time of the bite; presence of recently swallowed prey in the snake gut; gender and age of the patient; blister, necrosis, and abscess at the bite site; occurrence of amputation, renal failure and death; presence of an incision at the bite site. We conclude that although blood incoagulability is associated with early manifestations of Bothrops envenoming, it is not associated with the clinical outcome.

  8. Infecções da corrente sangüínea em pacientes em uso de cateter venoso central em Unidades de Terapia Intensiva

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Os cateteres venosos centrais (CVC), utilizados, principalmente em unidades de terapia intensiva-UTIs, são importantes fontes de infecção da corrente sangüínea (ICS). Este estudo epidemiológico analítico, tipo coorte prospectiva, enfoca a incidência de ICS, fatores de risco associados e ações assistenciais relacionadas ao uso desses cateteres em 7 UTIs no Distrito Federal. Dos 630 pacientes com CVC, 6,4% apresentaram ICS (1,5% relacionadas ao cateter e 4,9% ICS-Clínica). A permanência de inte...

  9. Avaliação do efeito de sopas desidratadas ricas em fibras na redução do colesteroal sangüíneo em ratos

    OpenAIRE

    Duarte,Hercia Stampini; Costa, Neuza Maria Brunoro; Leal,Paulo Fernando da Glória; Oliveira, Tânia Toledo de

    1998-01-01

    Neste estudo foi avaliado o efeito de quatro formulações dietéticas ricas em fibra solúvel na redução de colesterol sangüíneo em ratos. As formulações foram preparadas com farinha de soja desengordurada, farelo de aveia, cebola desidratada, fibra de soja, condimentos e aromas. Duas das formulações continham feijão preto FP(+) e FP(-), nos níveis de 40 e 30%, respectivamente. As outras duas continham feijão vermelho FV(+) e FV(-), nesses mesmos teores. Foram utilizados seis grupos de oito rato...

  10. Aspectos moleculares do Sistema Sangüíneo ABO Molecular aspects of ABO Blood Group System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carla Batissoco

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available O sistema ABO é o mais importante grupo sangüíneo na medicina transfusional. O gene ABO codifica as glicosiltransferases responsáveis pela transferência dos resíduos específicos de açúcar, GalNaca1-3 e Gala 1-3, ao substrato H e os convertem ao antígeno A ou B respectivamente. A estrutura do DNA dos três principais alelos do sistema ABO, A¹, B e O foi primeiramente descrita em 1990. Os avanços da genética molecular permitiram o entendimento da base molecular dos genes ABO e o conhecimento do polimorfismo dos alelos comuns a esse locus. Essa revisão tem como objetivo o estudo dos alelos variantes desse sistema, assim como a compreensão das mutações, deleções ou rearranjo de genes responsáveis pela ocorrência de alguns dos subgrupos do sistema ABO. As técnicas mais comumente utilizadas para a genotipagem ABO também são avaliadas, bem como suas vantagens e limitações.The ABO blood group is the most important blood group system in transfusion medicine. Antigens of the ABO system consist of A or B carbohydrate structure carried on the substrate H antigen The ABO gene is responsible for encoding for glycosyltransferases A or B that defines which specific carbohydrate is added to the end of H substance oligosaccharide chains, GalNacalpha1-3 and Galalpha1-3, respectively. The DNA structure of the three major alleles of the human blood group ABO system, A¹ and B, was first described in 1990. Advances of molecular genetics have allowed understanding of the molecular basis of the ABO blood group system and the knowledge of the common alleles polymorphisms of this locus. This review article has the purpose of describing the variants of these alleles and the underlying mutations, deletions or rearrangement of the genes responsible for the occurrence of ABO subgroups and O transferases inactivation. Finally, various methods available for ABO genotyping are also evaluated, as well as its advantages and limitations.

  11. Comportamento de formas sangüícolas do Trypanosoma cruzi obtidas de camundongos utilizados como filtros biológicos, em cultura e em triatomíneo

    OpenAIRE

    RIBEIRO, Rosa Domingues; Belda Neto,Francisco Miguel; Prado Junior,José Clóvis do; Albuquerque,Sérgio

    1986-01-01

    Camundongos normais, utilizados como filtros biológicos, foram inoculados endovenosamente, com tripomastigotas sangüícolas da derivada RCL da cepa RC do T. cruzi. Decorridas 48 horas, os animais foram submetidos ao xenodiagnóstico e à punção cardíaca para semeadura do sangue em meio de Warren. No estômago dos triatomíneos e em cultura a 28°C, os tripomastigotas diferenciaram-se em formas arredondadas (esferomastigotas e/ou amastigotas). Esse comportamento das formas sangüícolas largas tem...

  12. Una ciudad de los vascones en el yacimiento de Campo Real/Fillera (Sos del Rey Católico-Sangüesa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreu Pintado, Javier

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The following paper deals with the detailed and preliminary study of the archaeological site of Campo Real/Fillera (Sos del Rey Católico/Sangüesa, between today Zaragoza and Navarra provinces specially focusing in its Roman period. The paper exposes a review of the archeological and epigraphical material from the site, proposes an urban condition for it and raises some hypothesis on its identification with one of the cities that ancient sources tribued to Vascones.El presente trabajo aborda el estudio detallado y preliminar del yacimiento arqueológico de Campo Real/Fillera (Sos del Rey Católico/Sangüesa, en el límite entre las actuales provincias de Zaragoza y Navarra con especial atención a su etapa romana. Se procede a la revisión del material arqueológico y epigráfico procedente del lugar, se defiende la condición de enclave urbano del yacimiento y se plantea una hipótesis respecto de su identificación con las ciudades que las fuentes antiguas atribuyen a los Vascones.

  13. Sang i Demensplejen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner

    2004-01-01

    For mange svært demensramte er det umuligt at deltage i en aktivitet med andre personer. De har svært ved at forstå, hvad der foregår omkring dem, og bliver urolige og "forstyrrende". Eller de falder i søvn. Artiklen giver et bud på, hvordan den gruppe af demensramte, som ofte beskrives som uroli...

  14. Jõulukuine plaadisadu / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2005-01-01

    Lühidalt eesti heliplaatidest: "Eesti hääled", "Hendrik Sal-Saller & Estonian Dream Big Band", "Ain Agan ja Tallinna Kammerorkester", "The Book's Burning", "Mu süda ärka üles", "Inimene õpib...", "You Stepped Out of a Dream", "Andke tagasi maa", "Jesli ljubish, naidi..."

  15. Le sang dans Perceforest

    OpenAIRE

    Ferlampin-Acher, Christine

    2012-01-01

    A huge work touching on almost every subject, Perceforest contains numerous episodes in which blood is the subject. This chronicle recounts the founding of the order of the “cainse roseté” (the pink-spotted shirt), a sorority whose members all wear a red-spotted dress in memory of the blood shed by King Perceforest. Symbolizing courtly ideals as well as representing veneration for a martyr-king, this episode may have been influenced by the cult of the Holy-Blood, and hark back to the Holy-Blo...

  16. Jõulukuine plaadisadu / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2005-01-01

    Lühidalt eesti heliplaatidest: "Eesti hääled", "Hendrik Sal-Saller & Estonian Dream Big Band", "Ain Agan ja Tallinna Kammerorkester", "The Book's Burning", "Mu süda ärka üles", "Inimene õpib...", "You Stepped Out of a Dream", "Andke tagasi maa", "Jesli ljubish, naidi..."

  17. Sang og kommunikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner

    2003-01-01

    - eller direkte misforståelse - af omgivelserne, hvilket igen kan resultere i alvorlige sekundære symptomer til demensen. Disse symptomer kan udmønte sig i BPSD: behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. BPSD kan tilsyneladende mindskes ved en person-centreret indfaldsvinkel til demens, hvor der...

  18. Écologie des stomoxes (Diptera : Muscidae au Gabon. II. Origine des repas de sang et conséquences épidémiologiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mavoungou J.F.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Pour déterminer l’origine des repas de sang des stomoxes (Diptera : Muscidae au Gabon, 1 021 mouches appartenant à sept espèces différentes ont été capturées et disséquées dans la région de Makokou. Au total, 798 n’étaient pas gorgées et 223 repas de sang ont pu être recueillis sur papier filtre. L’identification de l’origine de ces repas a été faite par amplification du gène mitochondrial Cytb puis formation d’hétéroduplex en utilisant le rat de Gambie comme driver. Les prélèvements de faune, sur le marché local, comprenaient 24 mammifères et deux reptiles, auxquels il faut ajouter l’homme, soit 27 hôtes potentiels. 19 repas n’ont pu être amplifiés pour des raisons techniques ; 65 ont été amplifiés, mais les patterns obtenus ne correspondaient à aucun des profils des hôtes potentiels testés. Sur les 139 repas identifiés, 55 % ont été pris sur le Céphalophe à front noir (Cephalophus nigrifrons et 19 % sur le porc. Stomoxys transvittatus, espèce la plus abondante à Makokou, est très opportuniste : 68 % des repas ont été pris sur six hôtes différents, dont 48 % sur le céphalophe à front noir, et 32 % n’ont pas été identifiés sur les hôtes testés. S. xanthomelas a pris 50 % de ses repas sur singe Moustac (Cercopithecus cephus et 7 % sur homme. S. calcitrans, espèce des milieux anthropisés, a pris 33 % de ses repas sur homme. Ces trois espèces peuvent donc prendre leurs repas de sang sur la faune sauvage et sur homme. Elles pourraient ainsi jouer un rôle important dans l’émergence de zoonoses. Les quatre autres espèces n’ont pris leurs repas que sur la faune sauvage et le porc, seul exemple d’animal domestique dans cette étude. Cette étude préliminaire doit être poursuivie sur un plus grand nombre d’individus, en augmentant la diversité des hôtes potentiels testés

  19. Estudo comparativo de algumas provas funcionais do fluido ruminal e de metabólitos sangüíneos de bovinos e bubalinos

    OpenAIRE

    Barbosa José Diomedes; Ávila Sandra Cristina de; Dias Regina Valéria da Cunha; Pfeifer Imke Barbara; Oliveira Carlos Magno Chaves de

    2003-01-01

    No fluido ruminal de búfalos e de bovinos da Região Amazônica, alimentados com capim-elefante (Pennisetum purpureum) var. Cameron, foram determinados os seguintes parâmetros: cor, odor, viscosidade, sedimentação, flotação, pH, redução do azul de metileno, fermentação da glicose, acidez total, número total de protozoários, teor de cloretos, redução de nitrito e grupo de bactérias predominantes. No soro sangüíneo também foram avaliados os teores de cloretos, proteínas totais e uréia. A comparaç...

  20. Siapakah Dia: Sang Penasihat Ajaib, Allah yang Perkasa, Bapa yang Kekal dan Raja Damai? Studi Terhadap Makna Teks Yesaya 8:23-9:6

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marde Christian Stenly Mawikere

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Panggilan dan pelayanan kenabian Yesaya berada dalam situasi genting seperti yang telah diungkapkan di atas.  Akan tetapi penekanan nubuat Yesaya adalah kepada eksistensi dan atribut Tuhan Yang Mahakudus yang dapat dipercaya dan diandalkan.  Bergantung kepada manusia sekuat atau sehebat apapun kekuasaannya hanya bersifat sementara dan cenderung membahayakan dalam waktu yang lama.  Sedangkan bergantung pada Allah justru membawa  damai sejahtera dan pemulihan.  Dalam situasi genting, sendiri hadir dan bertindak untuk membebaskan dan menyelamatkan bangsa Israel.  Tuhan jugalah yang merupakan “Sang Penasihat Ajaib, Allah Yang Perkasa, Bapa Yang Kekal, Raja Damai” yang dapat dipercaya dan diandalkan ketimbang raja-raja, kerajaan-kerajaan maupun orang-orang bijaksana.  Bangsa Israel sebagai pendengar nubuat Yesaya maupun pembaca mula-mula Kitab Yesaya telah mendengar hal tersebut, sekalipun mereka “tidak mengerti, tidak menanggapi, tidak mendengar, menutup mata dan tidak melihat” (Yesaya 6:9-10.           Bagi orang Kristen yang memercayai Tuhan Yesus Kristus sebagai Tuhan yang menjadi daging (Yohanes 1:14, disamping memiliki kekayaan yang melimpah dalam terang Perjanjian Baru untuk mengenal dan memahami pribadi dan karya Tuhan Yesus Kristus, juga terdapat Perjanjian Lama dengan kekayaan yang sama yakni sebagai kitab untuk menelusuri akar-akar inkarnasi Sang Juruselamat!  Karena itu, sebetulnya pemberitaan firman Tuhan dari Yesaya 8:23-9:6 tidak melulu hanya disampaikan pada “musim perayaan Natal”, namun menjadi pemberitaan sepanjang masa dalam situasi sukacita terlebih dalam situasi genting.  Karena Tuhan begitu mengasihi dan mempedulikan setiap situasi manusia dan ciptaan-Nya, bahkan seperti cinta orang muda; dengan “kasih yang cemburu”!

  1. Morbidity profile of ex-servicemen residing in Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad municipal corporation area and its relationship with certain clinico-epidemiological factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumbhar S

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Research Question: What is the morbidity profile of ex-servicemen residing at Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad corporation area. Objectives: 1 To determine types and extent of prevalent morbidities among ex-servicemen. 2 To ascertain the association between prevalent morbidities and selected predictor variables Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Ex-servicemen′s canteen, Vishrambag, Sangli. Participants: 416 ex-servicemen, registered under ex-servicemen′s canteen, Vishrambag. Statistical Analysis: Percentage, Chi-square test, and odds ratio. Results: 214 (52.16% subjects had one or more diseases/conditions. Commonest diseases detected were hypertension (26.20%, musculoskeletal problems (23.55%, and mental health problems (12.98%. Increase in the post-retirement period of ex-servicemen was significantly associated with increase in prevalence of hypertension, OR = 10.88 (4.54-26.52 and musculoskeletal disorders, OR = 8.75 (3073-20.52. Prevalence of hypertension was significantly more for those who served less than 10 years in the military job, OR = 1.90 (1.04-3.8. In the upper socio-economic class, the risk of hypertension was significantly more, OR = 6.08 (1.78-20.17; in the upper lower class, the risk of musculoskeletal disorders was significantly more, OR = 4.15 (1.88-9.16. Considering the importance of health of ex-servicemen and existence of high morbidity pattern, periodical screening was needed for every ex-serviceman who belonged to the high-risk group.

  2. Concentrações sangüíneas de metais pesados e praguicidas organoclorados em crianças de 1 a 10 anos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santos Filho Eladio

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available Foi realizado estudo em 6 bairros do Município de Cubatão, SP, Brasil, situados às margens dos principais rios do município, com uma amostragem de 251 crianças de 1 a 10 anos de idade. Foram verificadas as concentrações sangüíneas de praguicidas organoclorados em 242 crianças, sendo que 73 crianças (30% apresentaram concentrações de p-p'DDE (média = 0,85 ± 2,13 µg/l., e em 47 crianças (19% foi encontrado HCH total (média = 0,28 ± 0,79 µg/l.. Verificou-se também a concentração sangüínea de chumbo e mercúrio, sendo que se obteve a plumbemia média de 17,8 ± 5,8 µg/dl. e concentração média de mercúrio de 9,1 ± 6,4 µg/l. Crianças consumidoras de organismos aquáticos de origem exclusiva dos rios de Cubatão apresentaram teores médios de mercúrio (média = 14,7 ±7,1 µg/l. significativamente maiores (p < 0,04 em comparação às crianças não consumidoras de organismos aquáticos de qualquer origem (média = 10,0 ± 6,5 µg/l..

  3. Tampão sangüíneo peridural em pacientes testemunhas de Jeová: relato de dois casos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silva Luciano de Andrade

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Existem relatos do emprego do tampão sangüíneo peridural em pacientes Testemunhas de Jeová, utilizando-se um sistema fechado que permite a colheita do sangue e a injeção no espaço peridural, sem perda da continuidade. O objetivo deste relato é apresentar dois casos de pacientes Testemunhas de Jeová que apresentaram cefaléia após anestesia subaracnóidea e que foram tratados com tampão sangüíneo peridural com um sistema fechado de transfusão do sangue venoso para o espaço peridural. Os casos ocorreram em hospitais de duas cidades diferentes. RELATO DOS CASOS: Um paciente do sexo masculino, com 21 anos, e uma paciente do sexo feminino, com 32 anos, apresentaram cefaléia pós-raquianestesia para cirurgia ambulatorial. Como os pacientes eram Testemunhas de Jeová, o tampão sangüíneo foi realizado com um sistema fechado. O sistema foi preparado em condições estéreis, utilizando-se os seguintes materiais: dois equipos de soro cortados em segmentos de 60 cm, uma conexão de duas vias, uma torneira de três vias e uma seringa de 20 ml. O sistema foi montado de modo a permitir uma conexão com a agulha da venopunção (20G, uma conexão à torneira de três vias, sendo que às outras duas vias foram conectados uma seringa de 20 ml e o outro segmento do equipo de soro, que seria conectado à agulha de peridural. Com os pacientes posicionados em decúbito lateral esquerdo foi feita a anti-sepsia da região lombar e do membro superior direito na região escolhida para a venopunção. Inicialmente foi feita punção peridural no espaço L2-L3, com agulha 17G, sendo que a mesma foi mantida fixa e o equipo de soro a ela conectado. A seguir foi feita venopunção com a agulha conectada à outra extremidade do equipo de soro com o direcionamento da torneira de três vias no sentido da veia para a seringa. Foram aspirados 15 ml de sangue. Com o redirecionamento da torneira no sentido da seringa para a agulha de

  4. Desvios porta-jugular e cava-jugular passivos em cães: Investigação de pressões sangüíneas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coelho Antônio Roberto Barros

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Os principais objetivos dos desvios veno-venosos durante o transplante ortotópico de fígado são: atenuação da estase venosa subdiafragmática, manutenção do retorno satisfatório de sangue ao coração e perfusão tissular eficiente. Investigações sobre PP, PVCIIH, PVC, PAM e PPR, bem como D PP e D PVCIIH foram conduzidas em seis cães, sob anestesia geral, com fígados perfundidos pela Artéria Hepática, submetidos a desvios porta-jugular e cava-jugular passivos durante 2 horas. Estes desvios não foram capazes de evitar estagnação de sangue na VP e VCIIH, acarretando estase e menor retorno sangüíneo ao coração, sugeridos por aumentos significativos de PP e PVCIIH e quedas significantes nos níveis de PVC. Os valores de PAM não apresentaram diferenças significativas em relação ao tempo T0, na maior parte dos tempos avaliados, enquanto que os valores de PPR foram significativamente menores que os verificados no tempo T0, na maioria dos tempos estudados. Tais pressões mantiveram-se, respectivamente, acima de 100 e 50 mm de Hg, atribuindo-se tais resultados, em parte, à vasoconstricção arteriolar generalizada. Incrementos de pressão na VP (D PP foram significativamente menos elevados que aqueles verificados na VCIIH (D PVCIIH, atribuindo-se tal diferença à complacência esplâncnica. Decréscimos ulteriores dos níveis de PP e PVCIIH sugerem queda do fluxo arterial para os territórios esplâncnico e sistêmico, decorrente de diminuição do retorno sangüíneo ao coração. Determinações de PP, PVCIIH, PVC, PAM e PPR podem constituir meio prático de avaliação hemodinâmica do desvio veno-venoso.

  5. ”I sangen møtes vi på felles grunn.” Om sang og sangbøker i norsk skole.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ragnhild Elisabeth Lund

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Sangfaget har en lang og sterk tradisjon i den norske skolestua og sangboka har vært et sentralt læremiddel i mer enn 150 år. Formålet med denne artikkelen er å belyse de mange og ulike begrunnelser som er blitt knyttet til faget opp gjennom tidene og å vise hvilket innhold sangbøkene har søkt å formidle. Presentasjonen av sangfagets begrunnelser er basert på en undersøkelse av skolehistoriske tekster og læreplaner fra tidlig på 1800-tallet fram til vår tid. Jeg har også sett på forordene og forfatternes vektlegging av sangrepertoar og annet sang- og musikkfaglig innhold i de mest toneangivende sangbøkene fra samme periode. For å finne ut hvilke sanger elevene er blitt tilbudt og hvilke verdier sangene formidler, har jeg kartlagt repertoarvalget i tolv sangbokverk fra 1850 (Behrens’ Skolesangbog til 2008 (Amsrud & Bjørnstads Sang i Norge. Artikkelen viser at begrunnelsene for sangfaget favner vidt og at både de og innholdet i sangbøkene har endret seg i takt med utviklingen i utdanningssystemet og i samfunnet forøvrig. Videreformidling av sentrale sanger i norsk kulturarv har selvsagt stått sentralt. Men sangfaget har også befattet seg med opplæring i musikkteori, notelære og stemmepleie, og det har hatt som oppgave å utvikle kvalitetsbevissthet, samhold og fellesskap i tillegg til å bidra til læring og trivsel i andre fag. Når det gjelder repertoarvalg, har utviklingen gått fra en hovedvekt på sanger med et religiøst og oppdragende innhold via nasjonale sanger til en stadig økende andel ”blott-til-lyst-sanger” og sanger fra populærmusikkens område. Til tross for at repertoarvalget har endret seg, er det mange sanger som går igjen gjennom hele perioden. Med referanse til en definisjon av kanon som ”stabile forekomster” identifiserer artikkelen 34 sanger som kan sies å utgjøre en del av ”den norske sangskatten”.

  6. STX造船:成为世界最优秀的船厂——STX造船首席执行官兼总裁Sang-Ho Shin访谈

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    今年新当选的STX造船首席执行官兼总裁Sang--Ho Shin,最近在接受挪威船级社采访时说:“我们的目标是,将成为世界最好造船厂的雄心,印刻到每个员工的基因中。”

  7. Nuevas aportaciones a la epigrafía de Campo Real/Fillera (Sos del Rey Católico-Sangüesa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier ANDREU PINTADO

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available : El presente artículo informa de dos autopsias epigráficas realizadas sobre dos inscripciones –una inédita y la segunda conocida de antiguo– procedentes del yacimiento arqueológico de Campo Real/Fillera (Sos del Rey Católico-Sangüesa, en el sector nororiental del territorio de los antiguos Vascones. Se presentan, además, nuevos materiales arqueológicos que permiten trazar algunas pautas sobre la historia del proceso de monumentalización de esta ciuitas aún ignota: especialmente una completa osteotheca funeraria de piedra con urna de vidrio que, sin duda, constituye un unicum en la arqueología funeraria del Nordeste peninsular. El trabajo se completa, además, con un estudio paleoantropológico de los restos óseos recuperados en el interior de la citada urna y uno geológico sobre dos piezas marmóreas (campán verde y mármol turco de Docimium que, procedentes del yacimiento, se custodian en una colección particular.

  8. Anormalidades de fluxo sangüíneo cerebral em indivíduos dependentes de cocaína Cerebral blood flow abnormalities in cocaine dependent subjects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Nicastri

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Nos últimos anos, tem havido relatos de anormalidades do fluxo sanguíneo cerebral em indivíduos com o abuso de cocaína, detectadas por meio de tomografia computadorizada por emissão de fóton único (SPECT. Esse padrão anormal de perfusão cerebral tem sido associado a prejuízos cognitivos mas não a alterações observáveis por meio de exames de neuroimagem estrutural. Um problema envolvendo a maioria dos trabalhos publicados sobre esse tema é a inclusão de um grande número de usuários de heroína nas amostras estudadas. Essa outra droga também parece afetar o padrão de perfusão cerebral, particularmente durante estados de abstinência. MÉTODOS: Quatorze pacientes dependentes de cocaína (nenhum com uso de opióides e 14 voluntários normais (grupo controle foram submetidos a exames de SPECT com dímero de etil-cisteína marcado com tecnécio-99m. A análise dos exames de SPECT foi realizada por meio de análise visual qualitativa das imagens obtidas (procedimento padrão na prática clínica, realizada por um radiologista não informado sobre o diagnóstico dos indivíduos avaliados. RESULTADOS: A análise visual revelou um padrão sugestivo de irregularidades do fluxo sangüíneo cerebral em nove pacientes, mas em apenas dois controles (p = 0,018; teste exato de Fisher bicaudal. CONCLUSÕES: Anormalidades de circulação cerebral podem ter relação com prejuízos cognitivos relatados em populações de dependentes de cocaína. Embora déficits de perfusão cerebral associados ao uso de cocaína possam ser irreversíveis, têm surgido relatos na literatura de tratamentos para essas anormalidades de fluxo sangüíneo. Alterações de fluxo sangüíneo cerebral associadas à dependência de cocaína ocorrem mesmo na ausência de abuso ou dependência de opióides.INTRODUCTION: In the last years, there have been reports of abnormalities in brain blood flow of cocaine abusers, detected by single photon computed

  9. 桑杏颗粒治疗小儿风热挟痰证型咳嗽的疗效研究%The clinical research about SangXing granule treatment on infantile wind hot carry cough phlegm syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢瑛; 杨成

    2015-01-01

    Objective To compare traditional Chinese medicine compound SangXing particles and urgent bronchitis syrup in the treatment of infantile cough (hot wind held phlegm syndrome) curative effect ,to explore the clinical application of particle SangXing particle to treat infantile cough .Methods Choose flourish in traditional chinese hospital of shandong province pediat‐ric clinics of eligible patients 60 cases ,were randomly divided into two groups :treatment group (30 cases) oral SangXing gran‐ules ,the control group (30 cases) oral acute bronchitis syrup ,oral liquid ,two groups were seven days in one period of treat‐ment ,observation compared two groups of curative effect .Results Treatment group (cough ,sputum ,fever ,and lungs ausculta‐tion signs of improvement ,thirst ,urine urine ,stool stem node ,nasal congestion ,runny nose ,and irritability symptoms im‐proved better than that of control group .Two groups of clinical curative effect had obvious difference .Conclusion SangXing granules to treat infantile acute bronchitis curative effect was distinct ,worthy of clinical application .%目的:比较中药复方桑杏颗粒与急支糖浆治疗小儿咳嗽(风热挟痰证)的疗效,探讨复方桑杏颗粒治疗小儿咳嗽的临床应用前景。方法选择某市医院就诊的符合条件的患儿60例,随机分为两组,治疗组(30例)口服桑杏颗粒剂,对照组(30例)口服急支糖浆口服液,两组均以7天为一疗程,观察比较两组的疗效。结果治疗组咳嗽、咯痰症状、肺部听诊体征及胸片改善上均优于对照组。桑杏颗粒治疗小儿咳嗽的效果优于对照组,与急支糖浆相比,其需要治疗人数(NNT)为5人。结论桑杏颗粒剂治疗小儿急性支气管炎疗效显著,临床上值得推广应用。

  10. Blood constituents of holstein cows fed with corn or elephant-grass silages / Constituintes sangüíneos de vacas da raça holandesa alimentadas com silagens de milho ou de capim-elefante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valter Harry Bumbieris Júnior

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of corn (Zea mays L. silage and elephant-grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum silage on the nutrition of cows during lactation, over some of the blood constituents (glucose, triglycerides and urea. The treatments were three silages (corn silage, elephant-grass silage with bacterial inoculating, elephant-grass silage with enzyme-bacterial inoculating. Nine Holstein cows, with a medium weight of 520 kg, were distributed in experimental delineation of simultaneous triple Latin square. The blood glucose rates were considered normal, independents of the silage used. Concerning the triglicerides levels, it was verified that they are below normal to the different silages. One of the reasons would be the low fat level on the diet. The blood levels of urea observed on the three treatments are considered normal. There was not significant difference among the different kinds of silage in relation to the blood levels of urea, glucose and triglycerides.O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os efeitos do fornecimento de silagem de milho (Zea mays L. e silagem de capim-elefante (Pennisetum purpureum Schum na alimentação de vacas em lactação, sobre alguns dos constituintes sangüíneos (glicose, triglicerídeos e uréia. Os tratamentos foram três silagens (silagem de milho, silagem de capim-elefante com inoculante bacteriano, silagem de capim-elefante com inoculante enzimo-bacteriano. Foram utilizadas nove vacas da raça holandesa, com peso médio de 520 kg, distribuídas em delineamento experimental de triplo quadrado latino simultâneo. As taxas de glicose sangüínea das vacas foram consideradas normais, independente do volumoso utilizado. Em relação aos níveis de triglicerídeos, verificou-se que estão abaixo do normal para os diferentes volumosos. Uma das razões seria o baixo nível de gordura na dieta. Os níveis sangüíneos de uréia observados nos três tratamentos são considerados normais

  11. A novel formula Sang-Tong-Jian improves glycometabolism and ameliorates insulin resistance by activating PI3K/AKT pathway in type 2 diabetic KKAy mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuai, Meiyu; Li, Yu; Sun, Xin; Ma, Zhi; Lin, Chao; Jing, Yi; Lu, Ying; Chen, Qi; Wu, Xiang; Kong, Xueyun; Bian, Huimin

    2016-12-01

    Sang-Tong-Jian (STJ), a novel formula composed of flavonoids and alkaloids derived from mulberry leaf, has been found to reduce blood glucose levels in rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in our previous studies. However, the precise mechanisms remain unknown. Insulin resistance is the main characteristic of T2DM, which may be due to impairment of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. In this study, we investigated the effects of STJ on glycometabolism and insulin resistance in KKAy mice. A total of 50 KKAy male mice were randomly divided into five groups: model, metformin at 260mg/kg, and STJ at 105, 210 and 420mg/kg. C57BL/6J mice were used as the control group. Random blood glucose levels in KKAy mice were determined every 10days after treatments. At the 10th and 13th week, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and insulin tolerance test (ITT) were conducted after a 12h overnight fast, respectively. After 13-week treatments, glycosylated hemoglobin (GHb) and serum insulin were measured using a colorimetric method and ELISA kits. Liver glycogen and muscle glycogen levels were analyzed using a colorimetric method. The morphology of pancreas, liver, skeletal muscle and epididymal fat were visualized by haematoxylin and eosin staining. The gene level of GLUT2 (liver) and GLUT4 (skeletal muscle, epididymal fat) were detected by real-time PCR. The proteins of GLUT2, GLUT4, IRS1, PI3K, AKT and their phosphorylation were assayed by Western blot analyses. STJ significantly decreased the random blood glucose and GHb levels, and increased liver and muscle glycogen levels. The results of OGTT and ITT and measurement of serum insulin indicated that STJ ameliorated insulin resistance in KKAy mice. STJ treatments also ameliorated the histopathological alterations in pancreas, liver, skeletal muscle and epididymal fat in KKAy mice. Furthermore, STJ upregulated the gene and protein expression of GLUT2 (liver) and GLUT4 (skeletal muscle, epididymal fat). Meanwhile, GLUT4

  12. Associação entre marcadores de grupos sangüíneos e produção à primeira lactação em bovinos da raça Gir Leiteiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conceição R.O.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Foram analisados 138 resultados de tipagem sangüínea de animais da raça Gir Leiteiro, pertencentes a uma população fechada submetida a acasalamentos preferenciais por aproximadamente 30 anos. Estudou-se a associação entre os sistemas B, F, J, L e Z de grupos sangüíneos e a produção de leite à primeira lactação. Os resultados mostraram diferença significativa (P<0,001 na produção de leite das primíparas que possuem o fator Z, 3634,43kg, em relação as que não apresentaram o mesmo fator, 3074,62kg. Para o sistema B, por meio de contraste de médias, verificou-se que houve diferença significativa (P<0,05 entre animais com o fenogrupo I1O1Y2A?B?E?3(J?K?P?Q? em homozigose, 4202,86kg, e aqueles com os fenogrupos B(PQTE?3G?P?/I1O1Y2A?B?E?3(J?K?P?Q?, 3493,33kg, e BQTA?B?I?(P?/I1O1Y2A?B?E?3(J?K?P?Q?, 3630,36kg.

  13. Extracorporeal irradiation of calves blood. Effects on: the lymphocytes, the blood-platelet function, seric proteins, and fibrinogen; Irradiation extracorporelle du sang de veau effets sur: les lymphocytes, la fonction plaquettaire, les proteines seriques et le fibrinogene

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hollard, D.; Suscillon, M.; Benabid, Y.; Concord, E.; Ivanoff, M.; Laurent, M.; Rambaud, F. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1969-07-01

    The present paper reports the results obtained after extracorporeal irradiation of circulating blood of calves. Animals are divided in 3 groups as follows: - control animals: blood circulation without irradiation; - calves which received 40000 rads during 24 hours of continuous irradiation; - calves which received the same dose, during a period of 5 days (5 hours every day). The more interesting results are: - the early lymphopenia which persists for 7 or 8 weeks and may be in relationship with the change of immunoglobulins; - a constant hyperfibrinemia (12 g/l) never reported, as far as we know, by authors using I.E.C. Several hypothesis are advanced to explain this phenomenon. (authors) [French] Ce travail presente l'ensemble des resultats hematologiques obtenus apres irradiation extracorporelle du sang de veaux repartis en 3 series: - veaux temoins: circulation du sang sans irradiation - veaux soumis a une irradiation continue dose globale integree de 40000 rads en 24 heures; - veaux ayant recu la meme dose globale en irradiation fractionnee repartie sur 5 jours (5 heures par jour). Les resultats les plus marquants sont d'une part une lymphopenie precoce se prolongeant durant 7 a 8 semaines et qui pourrait etre reliee aux modifications observees sur les immunoglobulines. D'autre part une hyperfibrinemie (12 g/l) constante, apparemment jamais signalee par d'autres auteurs utilisant l'I.E.C. Plusieurs hypotheses explicatives de ce phenomene sont exposees et sont a l'etude. (auteurs)

  14. Cardioplegia sangüínea normotérmica intermitente anterógrada: II. Com e sem aminoácidos: estudo comparativo em coelhos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo José Rodrigues

    1997-10-01

    Full Text Available 0bjetivos: Investigar se a adição de aspartato e glutamato à solução cardioplégica sangüínea normotérmica, infundida de forma intermitente, acrescentaria benefício a esta técnica de proteção miocárdica. Material e Métodos: Estudaram-se 32 coelhos da raça Nova Zelândia, divididos em grupos Experimental e Controle. O estudo constou de 2 fases: Fase I: Estudo metabólico após isquemia sem reperfusão, Fase II: Estudo metabólico e funcional após reperfusão. A reperfusão foi realizada utilizando-se um sistema de perfusão parabiótica. Determinou-se o glicogênio miocárdico e a respiração mitocondrial no miocárdio ventricular, imediatamente ao final do período de infusão intermitente das soluções cardioplégicas (Fase I e após reperfusão (Fase II, durante a qual analisou-se, também, a função ventricular esquerda (dP/dtmax. Resultados: Detectou-se queda significativa nos níveis de glicogênio miocárdico, de 53% e 58%, nos grupos com e sem aminoácidos, respectivamente, na fase sem reperfusão. Após reperfusão, não houve diferenças significativas nos níveis de glicogênio miocárdico entre os grupos experimentais e entre estes e seus respectivos controles. A análise da respiração mitocondrial não mostrou diferença significativa entre os grupos experimentais, nem entre cada grupo experimental e seu controle, quer seja com ou sem reperfusão. Quanto à função ventricular, os resultados da dP/dtmax não mostraram diferença significativa em relação aos controles, nem entre os grupos experimentais. Conclusões: A adição de aspartato e glutamato à solução cardioplégica sangüínea a 37°C, infundida anterogradamente e de forma intermitente, não acrescentou benefícios a este método de proteção miocárdica em corações normais de coelhos.Purpose: The purpose of this investigation was to find out whether the addition of aspartate and glutamate improved the myocardial protection afforded by a

  15. Kuula ka neid / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2009-01-01

    Heliplaaditutvustused: Bullfrog Brown with Steve Lury. KWAQ Records, 2009; Grupa Janke Randalu. Live. [Saksamaa] : Jazz'n'Arts, 2008; Paha Polly. Ei jäägi üle muud... [Tartu] : Forward, 2008. Uutest heliplaatidest

  16. Kuula ka neid / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2009-01-01

    Tutvustused : XXI Sajandi Orkester. Üheksa. Tallinn : XXISO, 2008. Illustraator. Minu keha. Tallinn : MTÜ ILL Produktsioon, 2008. Pastoraal. Helirännak põldudel ja heinamaadel. Tallinn : Eestimaa Looduse fond, 2008

  17. Kuula ka neid / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2009-01-01

    Tutvustused : XXI Sajandi Orkester. Üheksa. Tallinn : XXISO, 2008. Illustraator. Minu keha. Tallinn : MTÜ ILL Produktsioon, 2008. Pastoraal. Helirännak põldudel ja heinamaadel. Tallinn : Eestimaa Looduse fond, 2008

  18. Influência da terapia com espironolactona sobre níveis sangüíneos de tiamina em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    FUNDAMENTO: Estudos do manejo não-farmacológico da insuficiência cardíaca (IC) têm sido muito escassos. A importância de micronutrientes como tiamina há muito é conhecida, uma vez que sua deficiência está associada com o desenvolvimento de IC de alto débito. OBJETIVO: Nós estudamos a relação entre adicionar à inibição da ECA uma supressão adicional da aldosterona com espironolactona e níveis sangüíneos de tiamina (pmol/ml). MÉTODOS: Um total de 22 pacientes (pc) com IC (classes III/IV da NYHA...

  19. Blood cell attachment to root surfaces treated with EDTA gel Adesão de células sangüíneas a superfícies radiculares tratadas com gel de EDTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Renato Manzolli Leite

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Root debridement generates a smear layer which contains microorganisms and toxins that could interfere in periodontal healing. For this reason, different substances have been used to remove it and to expose collagen fibers at the tooth surface. Blood element adhesion to demineralized roots and clot stabilization by collagen fibers are extremely important for the success of periodontal surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the different patterns of blood element adsorption and adhesion to root surfaces only irrigated with distilled water and after application of a manipulated or an industrialized EDTA gel. Thirty samples were planed, equally divided into three groups and treated with distilled water (control, a manipulated EDTA gel or an industrialized one. Immediately after, samples were exposed to fresh blood and prepared for scanning electron microscopy. Untreated planed dentin presented the best results with blood cells entrapped in a thick web of fibrin. In the manipulated EDTA group, the web of fibrin was thick with sparse blood elements. The worst result was seen with the industrialized EDTA group, in which no blood elements could be seen. Statistical difference was obtained between control and industrialized EDTA groups. Surfaces only irrigated presented the most organized fibrin network and cell entrapment.A raspagem gera "smear layer", a qual contém microrganismos e toxinas que podem interferir no reparo periodontal. Por esse motivo, diferentes substâncias têm sido empregadas para remover esta camada e expor fibras colágenas da superfície dental. A adesão de elementos sangüíneos a superfícies radiculares desmineralizadas e a estabilização do colágeno pelas fibras colágenas são de extrema importância no sucesso da cirurgia periodontal. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os diferentes padrões de adsorção e adesão de elementos sangüíneos a superfícies radiculares apenas irrigadas com água destilada e ap

  20. Freqüências dos grupos sangüíneos e incompatibilidades ABO e RhD em puérperas e seus recém-nascidos

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Determinar as freqüências fenotípicas e predizer o risco de incompatibilidade e aloimunização materna RhD na população da Zona Oeste de São Paulo, Brasil. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo no qual avaliamos 2372 puérperas e seus recém-nascidos vivos, no período de um ano, tipificadas para os sistemas ABO e RhD por meio de teste de aglutinação em tubo. RESULTADOS: O estudo mostrou os seguintes percentuais: grupo sangüíneo O, 50,67%; A, 32,17%; B, 13,45%; AB, 3,71%; RhD(+), 90,34% e RhD(-), ...

  1. Etude de la cinétique de polarisation de concentration en microfiltration du sang en régime transitoire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, L. H.; Laurent, J. M.; Jaffrin, M. Y.

    1994-12-01

    150mmHg, the permeate flux hardly changes, which confirms that once concentration polarization is established, the system membrane-polarization layer ceases to behave as a porous medium even with increased resistance. These data can explain the permeate increase observed when pressure and flow pulsations at 1Hz are superimposed on the retentate. La plasmaphérèse par membrane consiste à filtrer le plasma au travers d'une membrane microporeuse sous l'action de la pression transmembranaire. Comme toutes filtrations tangentielles, le flux de filtration augmente linéairement aux faibles pressions transmembranaires, puis atteint un plateau aux fortes pressions à cause du phénomène de polarisation de concentration et du colmatage de la membrane. La polarisation de concentration est due à la formation d'une couche fortement concentrée en soluté au voisinage de la membrane. Le temps de formation de cette couche est rapide, généralement inférieur à une minute. En microfiltration du sang, cette couche est constituée des globules qui forment une seconde membrane réversible qui limite le flux de filtration. Dans ce régime, le flux de perméat devient indépendant de la pression transmembranaire et dépend principalement du taux de cisaillement. Nous avons entrepris une étude de la réponse transitoire d'une membrane à des échelons de pression transmembranaire afin de comprendre la cinétique d'établissement de ces phénomènes. Lorsque l'on passe brusquement d'un régime non polarisé à celui polarisé, le flux de filtration croît jusqu'à un pic en 0,4 à 0,6s dépassant la valeur du plateau de 60 à 80%, puis il revient à sa valeur d'équilibre correspondant au régime de polarisation de concentration en 3 à 4s. Les données expérimentales montrent que la membrane garde une perméabilité originale pendant seulement 0,5s lors d'un changement brusque de pression et que la couche de polarisation de concentration met environ 3 à 4s à s'établir. Quand la

  2. Nortriptyline blood levels and clinical outcome: meta-analysis of published studies Níveis sangüíneos de nortriptilina e resposta clínica: metanálise dos estudos publicados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica G Ribeiro

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: An optimum range has been suggested for nortriptyline blood levels, above or below which patients respond poorly or do not respond at all to treatment. METHODS: A meta-analysis of published studies was performed to verify the existence of an optimal blood concentration range or therapeutic window in nortriptyline-treated depression patients. A MEDLINE search through the years 1970-1999 was carried out to identify original papers and review articles. Data concerning blood levels and percentage improvement were obtained concerning all included pacients. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed for data comparison. Possible confounding variables, such as pre-treatment, setting (in or outpatients, and duration of treatment were also evaluated. RESULTS: From the 22 published studies found, only six of them with patients' individual data were included. We found an optimal range for nortriptyline concentrations (OR= 2.25, 95% CI = 1.15 to 4.39, p= 0.02. CONCLUSIONS: There may be a biphasic relationship of efficacy to plasma concentrations of nortriptyline, with a therapeutic window between 46 to 236 ng/ml.INTRODUÇÃO: Sugere-se a existência de uma faixa de concentração ótima para os níveis sangüíneos da nortriptilina, acima e abaixo da qual os pacientes não respondem ao tratamento ou o fazem pobremente. MÉTODOS: Realizamos metanálise dos estudos publicados com o propósito de verificar a existência de uma faixa de concentração sangüínea ótima (janela terapêutica para os pacientes deprimidos tratados com nortriptilina. A busca através do MEDLINE envolvendo os anos de 1970 a 1999 foi realizada com o objetivo de identificar artigos originais e de revisão. Dados sobre níveis sangüíneos e percentagem de melhora foram obtidos. Foram realizadas análises uni e multivariadas para a comparação dos dados. Avaliamos possíveis variáveis de confusão como: período de pré-tratamento, ambiente (hospitalar ou

  3. Centralização do Fluxo Sangüíneo Fetal Diagnosticado pela Dopplervelocimetria em Cores: Resultados Perinatais Brain-sparing Effect Detected by Color Doppler: Perinatal Outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleide Mara Mazzotti Oliveira Franzin

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: avaliar os resultados perinatais do exame de dopplervelocimetria alterado com centralização de fluxo sangüíneo fetal. Metodologia: foram analisados 32 casos de centralização de fluxo sangüíneo fetal diagnosticados no Centro de Atenção Integral à Saúde da Mulher da Universidade Estadual de Campinas. O diagnóstico de centralização foi confirmado quando a relação entre o índice de pulsatilidade da artéria cerebral média fetal (IPACM e o índice de pulsatilidade da artéria umbilical (IPAU era menor que a unidade (IPACM/IPAU menor que 1. Detectou-se fluxo arterial usando equipamento ultra-sonográfico equipado com mapeamento em cores, marca Toshiba, modelo SSH-140A. Resultados: houve necessidade de cuidados intensivos em 26 fetos (89,6%. O número de dias de internação em unidade de terapia intensiva variou de 1 a 83, com média de 22 dias. A ocorrência de óbito fetal foi de 3/32 (9,4% e de óbito perinatal de 9/29 (31%. Considerando-se a idade gestacional avaliada pelo método de Capurro, a incidência de nascimento de fetos com menos de 36 semanas foi de 21/32 (65,6%. Crescimento intra-uterino restrito ocorreu em 71,8% dos fetos e hipoglicemia em 44,8%. Conclusão: a centralização de fluxo sangüíneo é um marcador de situação danosa ao bem-estar fetal e seu estudo será de grande valia na orientação da conduta obstétrica.Purpose: evaluation of perinatal outcome of brain-sparing effect detected by color Doppler. Methods: brain-sparing effect was detected in 32 fetuses at the Ultrasound Service of the Center for Integral Attention to Women's Health at Campinas State University (UNICAMP. The diagnosis of brain-sparing effect was made when the ratio between middle cerebral artery and umbilical artery pulsatility indexes was below one (IPACM/IPAU <1. The measurement was obtained with color Doppler equipment Toshiba SSH-140A. Results: admission to neonatal intensive care unit (ICU was necessary in 26 fetuses

  4. Efeito de preparações de produtos naturais (cravo da índia e tomate) e de um produto sintético na marcação de constituintes sangüineos com tecnécio-99m e na morfologia de hemácias isoladas de sangue de ratos wistar

    OpenAIRE

    Paoli,Severo de

    2007-01-01

    Existe um grande interesse na avaliação dos efeitos biológicos de produtos naturais e sintéticos. Constituintes sangüíneos marcados com tecnécio-99m (99mTc) são usados em medicina nuclear. O objetivo desse trabalho foi estudar os efeitos do Cravo da índia (Caryophyllus aromaticus L.) e do Óxido de Zinco Eugenol (OZE) (preparação usada em Ciências da Saúde) na marcação de constituintes sangüíneos com 99mTc e na morfologia de células vermelhas do sangue (CVS) e a ação de um extrato de tomate...

  5. Transfusão sangüínea no intra-operatório, complicações e prognóstico Transfusión sanguínea en el intraoperatorio, complicaciones y pronóstico Complications and prognosis of intraoperative blood transfusion

    OpenAIRE

    João Manoel Silva Junior; Thiago Abreu Cezario; Toledo, Diogo O.; Danielle Dourado Magalhães; Marco Aurélio Cícero Pinto; Luiz Gustavo F Victoria

    2008-01-01

    JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Transfusões sangüíneas no intra-operatório estão associadas a aumento de complicações no pós-operatório e custos hospitalares. Portanto, este estudo avaliou as características, complicações e possíveis fatores de riscos para morte em pacientes cirúrgicos que necessitaram de transfusões sangüíneas no intra-operatório. MÉTODO: Coorte prospectiva, durante período de um ano, no centro cirúrgico de hospital terciário. Incluíram-se pacientes com idade acima de 18 anos que...

  6. Efeitos das cardioplegias sangüíneas hipotérmica e normotérmica nos substratos intracelulares em pacientes com corações hipertróficos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GOMES Walter J.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: As cardioplegias sangüíneas normotérmica e hipotérmica, administradas de maneira anterógrada e intermitente, têm demonstrado serem eficientes na proteção miocárdica em cirurgias de revascularização miocárdica. Entretanto, pouco se conhece da eficiência dessas técnicas em corações hipertróficos. Dessa maneira, foram estudados seus efeitos nos substratos intracelulares miocárdicos em pacientes portadores de estenose aórtica, submetidos a cirurgia de troca valvar aórtica. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: A concentração intracelular miocárdica dos substratos (ATP, lactato, glutamato, aspartato e alanina foi medida em biópsias de ventrículo esquerdo de 20 pacientes submetidos a troca valvar aórtica, usando, como método de proteção miocárdica, cardioplegia sangüínea normotérmica (n=10 ou hipotérmica (n=10, administradas de forma anterógrada e intermitente. As biópsias foram retiradas 5 minutos após o início da circulação extracorpórea (controle, 30 minutos após o pinçamento aórtico (isquemia e 20 minutos após o despinçamento (reperfusão. RESULTADOS: Não houve alterações significantes na concentração intracelular dos substratos nas amostras coletadas durante o período isquêmico, em comparação ao controle. Na reperfusão, entretanto, houve significante queda nos valores de ATP e aminoácidos em ambos os grupos, em relação ao grupo controle. CONCLUSÃO: Os dados sugerem que ambos os protocolos de proteção miocárdica empregados não foram eficientes na proteção miocárdica de corações hipertróficos.

  7. Séroprévalence des marqueurs viraux sur les dons du sang au Centre de Transfusion Sanguine, Hôpital Militaire d’Instruction Mohammed V de Rabat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uwingabiye, Jean; Zahid, Hafidi; Unyendje, Loubet; Hadef, Rachid

    2016-01-01

    Le but de ce travail était de déterminer la prévalence du virus de l’immunodéficience humaine (VIH), du virus de l’hépatite B (VHB) et C (VHC) sur les dons du sang collectés au Centre de transfusion sanguine(CTS) de l’hôpital militaire d’instruction Mohammed V entre 2010 et 2012. Etude rétrospective menée auprès des donneurs de sang militaires âgés de 18 à 50 ans avec prédominance masculine (95%). L’entretien médical pré-don constitue la première barrière de sélection des sujets à risque. Le dépistage biologique était réalisé par technique immuno-enzymatique en milieu liquide utilisant des anticorps et/ou des antigènes. L’ELISA (enzyme linked immuno-sorbent assay) combiné de quatrième génération pour VHC et VIH a été utilisé. La confirmation a été faite en réalisant la même technique en double au CTS et au laboratoire de virologie. Dans notre série de 25661 échantillons testés, la prévalence du VHB était 3,97‰ (n=102), celle de VHC était 2,45 ‰ (n=63), celle de VIH était 0,15 ‰ (n=4). Un seul cas de coïnfection (0,039 ‰) par le VHB et VHC a été noté, aucune association entre VIH-VHB, VIH-VHC ou VHB, VHC et VIH n’a été enregistrée. Les taux faibles de séroprévalence des marqueurs viraux de notre étude montrent l’amélioration des mesures préventives en ce qui concerne la sélection des donneurs et des tests de dépistage. Cette prévalence constatée incite à maintenir l’utilisation du réactif combiné qui est la seule alternative à la biologie moléculaire pour les pays en voie de développement. PMID:28292147

  8. A cross-sectional study of correlation of body image anxiety with social phobia and their association with depression in the adolescents from a rural area of Sangli district in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivek Baliram Waghachavare

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Prevailing socio-cultural influences lead females to desire a thin body and males a muscular body, especially in adolescents. This results in body image anxiety which may lead to social phobia. Together they can develop depression. The aim was to study the correlation of body image anxiety with social phobia and their association with depression, among adolescents. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in randomly selected colleges from a rural area of Sangli district Maharashtra, India. Stratified random sampling technique used with sample size 805. Pretested self-administered questionnaire used. Percentage, Chi-square test, binary logistic regression model was used to estimate odds ratio (OR and its 95% confidence intervals. Results: Of 997 study subjects body image anxiety, social phobia and depression were observed in 232 (23.3%, 193 (19.4% and 326 (32.7% participants, respectively. Binary logistic regression showed that body image anxiety (OR = 1.849 [1.22, 2.804]; P = 0.004 and social phobia (OR = 4.575 [2.952-7.09]; P < 0.001 were significant predictors for depression. Conclusions: Body image anxiety and social phobia are linked with the development of depression. This impresses the need for timely counseling and education among adolescents.

  9. Primary central nervous system lymphomas in 72 immunocompetent patients: pathologic findings and clinical correlations. Groupe Ouest Est d'étude des Leucénies et Autres Maladies du Sang (GOELAMS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camilleri-Broët, S; Martin, A; Moreau, A; Angonin, R; Hénin, D; Gontier, M F; Rousselet, M C; Caulet-Maugendre, S; Cuillière, P; Lefrancq, T; Mokhtari, K; Morcos, M; Broët, P; Kujas, M; Hauw, J J; Desablens, B; Raphaël, M

    1998-11-01

    We reviewed 72 primary central nervous system lymphomas occurring in immunocompetent patients. The cases were reviewed for clinical data, histology, immunophenotype, bcl-2 and p53 expression, and Epstein-Barr virus association. Follow-up was available for 40 patients included in the Groupe Ouest Est d'étude des Leucénies et Autres Maladies du Sang (GOELAMS) lymphomes cérébraux primitifs (LCP 88) trial. Each diagnosis, requiring a consensus among at least 3 pathologists, was performed according to the recent Revised European-American Lymphoma classification and equivalents in the updated Kiel classification. Tumors were predominantly classified as diffuse large B-cell lymphomas. There were 3 T-cell lymphomas and 1 Hodgkin lymphoma. The proteins bcl-2 and p53 were expressed in 35% and 16% of the tested cases, respectively. Epstein-Barr virus was not found by in situ hybridization except in the case classfied as a cerebral localization of Hodgkin disease. No significant association was found between subtypes, bcl-2 or p53 expression, and patient survival. From the standpoint of their biologic characteristics, primary central nervous system lymphomas are very similar to systemic diffuse large B-cell lymphomas. In contrast to AIDS-related primary central nervous system lymphomas, primary central nervous system lymphomas are rarely associated with Epstein-Barr virus and in immunocompetent patients they express bcl-2 at a relatively low rate.

  10. Les larmes et le sang des chiites : corps et pratiques rituelles lors des célébrations de ‘Âshûrâ’ (Liban, Syrie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Mervin

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Les rituels de ‘Âshûrâ’, par lesquels les chiites duodécimains commémorent le martyre de leur troisième imam, Ḥusayn, à Kerbéla, ont pris ces dernières années plus de visibilité. Cela relance les débats qui divisent les oulémas comme les fidèles au sujet des pratiques de mortification auxquels s’adonnent les pénitents. Afin d’exprimer la dévotion qu’ils vouent à l’imam, les fidèles reproduisent le drame, portent le deuil, pleurent, mais aussi se frappent et font couler leur sang, à l’occasion de rites publics. L’article décrit ces rites au sein de différents groupes chiites (au Liban et en Syrie, mettant en perspective la relation qui s’établit ainsi entre le corps et le sacré.

  11. Pharmacological study of radioactive-gold colloid transport by blood and by serous exudate; Contribution a l'etude pharmacologique du transport des colloides d'or radioactif par le sang et les exsudats sereux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rousselet, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1966-06-01

    After giving the essential physico-chemical properties of the colloids, the author considers the biological role of these substances and, in connection with their transport by the blood, their capture by elements of the reticula-endothelial system. A summary is given of present knowledge concerning the role of serous proteins in the transport of substances, particularly that of radio-active colloidal gold. The blood fractions which can take part in colloidal gold transport are the red blood corpuscles, the leukocytes and histiocytic elements as well as the plasma. The radioactive distribution in these various fractions is obtained by autoradiography of blood sediments. After showing the importance of the role of the plasma in radioactive particle transport, the author, describes the attempts made to detect a possible of colloidal gold 198 on the various serous proteins using various methods of separation. The ''in vitro'' and ''in vivo'' bonds between colloidal gold-198 particles and either the serous proteins or healthy specimens or the effusion liquids of pathological origin in man, or due to an experimental inflammation with carregenin in the rat, have been studied. The bonding appears to be effective because of the protective macromolecular layer formed by the gelatine. The different positions of the colloidal grains on the electrophoregram can only be explained by their different physico-chemical characteristics. Gold in the ionic form, on the other hand, is combined only with the albumen is the amount metal present does not exceed a certain value. (author) [French] Apres avoir enonce les proprietes physicochimiques essentielles des colloides nous etudions le devenir biologique de ces substances et, en relation avec leur transport par le sang, leur captation par les elements du Systeme Reticulo-Endothelial. Nous resumons les connaissances acquises jusqu'alors sur le role des proteines seriques dans le transport des

  12. Levels of organochlorine pesticides in the blood serum of agricultural workers from Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil Níveis de pesticidas organoclorados no soro sangüíneo de agricultores do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco José Roma Paumgartten

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Serum levels of organochlorine pesticides (OCP were measured in agricultural workers from Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Blood samples from 26 volunteers (24 males, 02 females, 17-60 years old were taken in October 1997. OCP residues (op'DDT pp'DDT, pp'DDD, pp'DDE, aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, heptachlor-epoxide, alpha-, beta- and gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane, and hexachlorobenzene were analyzed by gas chromatography with an electron capture detector. Tests detected pp'DDE in 16 out of 26 samples, but pp'DDE concentration exceeded 1.4 µg/L (i.e. 1.8, 2.4 and 4.4 µg/L in only 3 of these. beta-HCH was found in 6 (23.1% out of 26 samples. In one sample beta-HCH did not exceed 1.4 µg/L, but in the remaining samples concentrations ranged from 1.4 to 5.3 µg/L. The percentage of positive pp'DDE samples increased from the youngest (£29 yrs: 30.0% to the oldest age group (³ 40 yrs: 100%. A similar trend was found for beta-HCH contamination (£ 29 yrs: 0%; 30-39 yrs: 20.0%; ³40 yrs: 66.7%. Dieldrin (3.7 µg/L was found in only one sample. No other OCP residue was found in the samples. Serum concentrations of OCPs found in this study are comparable to levels reported for the non-occupationally exposed population in Brazil and elsewhere.Os níveis sangüíneos de pesticidas organoclorados (OCP foram determinados em agricultores do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Amostras de soro de 26 voluntários (24 homens, duas mulheres, entre 17 e 60 anos de idade foram retiradas em outubro de 1997. Os resíduos de OCP (op'DDT pp'DDT, pp'DDD, pp'DDE, aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, heptaclor, heptaclor-epóxido, alfa-, beta- gama-hexaclorociclohexano e hexaclorobenzeno foram analisados por cromatografia gasosa com detector de captura de elétrons. O pp'DDE foi detectado em 16 das 26 amostras, mas em apenas três delas os níveis de pp'DDE excederam 1,4 µg/L (1,8; 2,4 e 4,4 µg/L. O beta-HCH foi encontrado em seis (23,1% das 26 amostras. Em uma das amostras o

  13. La dissimilació del jo vs tu en la poesia de Maria-Mercè Marçal. Anàlisi comparativa entre les sextines de Terra de Mai i Sang presa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Font Espriu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La construcció d’un espai propi de la dona dins de la poesia, dita, amorosa, no només implica una ordenació nova del jo i del tu sinó que implica, de forma inexorable, la recreació del llenguatge poètic. Maria-Mercè Marçal usa el símbol del mirall per expressar l‘equivalència física dels cossos amants/amats i per extremar la fusió tant física com amorosa que es convertirà en l’acció transformadora i afirmativa de la identitat. La reciprocitat entre el jo poètic i la seva altra es va teixint amb l’ús d’imatges com l’aigua, la sang, la suor, etc., les quals han rebut, tradicionalment, un caràcter abjecte, i Marçal les situa en un primer pla, mostrant la seva expressivitat germinal i pregona. En un segon moment, la separació i la nostàlgia bolquen el poema cap a un jo poètic mutilat, que cerca un cos absent i l’espai de plenitud d’un jo que es troba irreparablement ferit. Hi ha tota una destil·lació d’un món poètic nou, que culmina l’assoliment d’un espai literari femení i lèsbic, creador de nous àmbits per a l’expressió del desig, definitivament conquerits per Marçal i lliurats a la poesia catalana.

  14. Perfil bioquímico de algumas enzimas no plasma sangüíneo de potras da raça Brasileiro de Hipismo (BH criadas em Colina, Estado de São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando José Benesi

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Com o propósito de avaliar o perfil bioquímico de algumas enzimas, em potras sadias da raça BH (Brasileiro de Hipismo, utilizaram-se 380 amostras de plasma sangüíneo colhidas de 19 animais desde o nascimento até 24 meses de vida. Na análise dos resultados evidenciou-se que os valores médios das enzimas FA (fosfatase alcalina e CK (creatina quinase foram máximos entre o nascimento e 24 horas de vida (FA-1995.50 UI/ ; CK-189.13UI/L, enquanto que para a LD (lactato desidrogenase e GGT (gama glutamiltransferase as maiores magnitudes ocorreram, respectivamente, entre 3 e 4 dias (LD-479.11UI/L e aos 10 dias de idade (GGT-18.70UI/L. As FA, CK, LD e GGT, mostraram diminuições dos valores médios, respectivamente, até 6 meses (FA-323.50UI/L, 20 dias (CK-51UI/ L, 19 meses (LD-214.00UI/L e 4 meses (GGT-11.40UI/L estabilizando-se a seguir, com pequenas variações. A atividade da AST (aspartato aminotransferase que foi mínima logo após o nascimento (AST- 43.38UI/L, aumentou até os sete dias de vida (AST-110.89UI/L, e a seguir diminuiu progressivamente, com pequenas oscilações, até o final do estudo. Todas as enzimas avaliadas sofreram variações influenciadas pelo fator etário, particularmente no período inicial de vida dos animais estudados.

  15. Donació de sang i educació per a la ciutadania: un projecte pedagògic Blood donation and education for citizenship: a teaching project Donación de sangre y educación para la ciudadanía: un proyecto pedagógico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariona Graell Martín

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El projecte «Donació de Sang i Educació per a la Ciutadania» sorgeix del Banc de Sang i Teixits de Catalunya amb l’objectiu de generar una experiència educativa d’aprenentatge servei. Es proposa incrementar el número de donacions de sang perquè els joves prenguin consciència de la seva transcendència, desenvolupar el sentit que suposa aquesta acció, i que coneguin la tasca del Banc de Sang i Teixits. A partir de l’experiència de l’escola Valldemia s’expliquen els passos necessaris per dur a terme el projecte des del Banc de Sang i Teixits. En primer lloc, es formula una breu introducció on es contextualitza l’estudi; en segon terme, ’explica la metodologia que s’ha emprat per recollir la informació i organitzar-la, i en tercer lloc, es mostra l’experiència pròpiament, l’aplicació del projecte a l’escola Valldemia, amb una sistematització més teòrica ______________________________________________Le projet Don de sang et éducation à la citoyenneté est surgi de la Banque de sang et de tissus de Catalogne dans le but de créer une expérience éducative d’apprentissage service. Il propose d’augmenter le nombre des dons de sang afin que les jeunes prennent conscience de sa transcendance, développent le sens que suppose cette action, et découvrent la tâche de la Banque du sang et des tissus. À partir de l’expérience de l’école Valldemia, l’article explique les étapes nécessaires pour mener à terme le projet depuis la Banque du sang. En premier lieu, il formule une brève introduction dans laquelle il contextualise l’étude ; en deuxième lieu, il explique la méthodologie qui a été utilisée pour recueillir l’information et l’organiser ; en troisième lieu, il montre l’expérience proprement dite, l’application du projet à l’école Valldemia, où est présentée en même temps sa systématisation plus théoriqueThe Blood donation and Education for Citizenship project was set

  16. Efeitos das fontes e níveis de sódio, cloro e potássio e da relação (Na + K/Cl, sobre o desempenho e características do plasma sangüíneo de poedeiras comerciais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junqueira Otto Mack

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Dois experimentos foram realizados para estudar os efeitos da relação (Na + K/Cl na dieta de poedeiras comerciais no final do ciclo de postura, pela adição de bicarbonato de sódio (NaHCO3, cloreto de sódio (NaCl, cloreto de potássio (KCl e cloreto de amônia (NH4Cl, avaliando-se os parâmetros produtivos e características do plasma sangüíneo. O primeiro experimento envolveu cinco tratamentos: 0,30% de NaCl; 0,30% de NaCl + 0,95% de NaHCO3; 0,38% de KCl + 0,67% de NaHCO3; 0,38% de KCl + 1,62% de NaHCO3; e 0,38% de KCL + 2,56% de NaHCO3. A relação (Na + K/Cl foi, respectivamente, 3,46; 4,46; 4,46; 5,46; e 6,46. O segundo experimento envolveu quatro tratamentos: 0,30% NaCl; 0,47% de NaHCO3 + 0,19 de NH4Cl; 1,17% NaHCO3 + 0,19% de NH4Cl; e 1,88% de NaHCO3 + 0,19% de NH4Cl. A relação (Na + K/Cl foi 3,46; 4,46; 5,46; e 6,46, respectivamente. No primeiro experimento, o maior consumo alimentar foi observado nas aves alimentadas com dietas contendo 0,30% de NaCl. As aves que consumiram KCl apresentaram melhor conversão alimentar. Foi observado aumento no fósforo e pH do plasma sangüíneo. Aves que receberam dietas em que a relação (Na +K/Cl foi de 5,46 apresentaram maiores níveis de fósforo no plasma sangüíneo. O aumento do pH no plasma sangüíneo foi observado em aves que receberam dietas com relações de (Na + K/Cl de 4,46 e 6,46. No segundo experimento, o peso do ovo diminuiu com o aumento do NaHCO3 da dieta.

  17. Når troen bliver til sang

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kirsten

    2009-01-01

    I anmeldelsen fremhæver jeg, at Selander i denne artikelsamling både beskæftiger sig med salmeteksterne og med melodierne. Denne dobbeltkompetence er usædvanlig hos en litteraturforsker. Artiklerne giver et fint indblik i svensk salmetradition samt i komponisternes arbejde med melodierne. Selande...

  18. ARSITEKTUR "GUNA DAN CITRA" SANG ROMO MANGUN

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    IN MEMORIAM : YUSUF BILYARTA MANGUNWIJAYA

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Yusuf Bilyarta Mangunwijaya is not only recognized as a pastor but also as a cultural observer, writer and architect. The architectural works he produced even touch the marginal people. The work does not only result in the physical building but also the total work of human development, "use" and "image". World Architecture never escapes from Vitruvius trilogy saying : Firmitas, Utilitas and Venustas. In his amazing writing, Mangunwijaya offered a distillation of trilogy (three categories into two categories, 'use' and 'image'. This writing is going to impart how the distillation of three categories becomes a 'two-categories. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Yusuf Bilyarta Mangunwijaya tidak saja dikenal sebagai seorang Pastor, tetapi dia juga seorang budayawan, sastrawan, bahkan arsitek. Karya arsitekturnya menyentuh bahkan sampai ke mereka-mereka yang dipinggirkan (kaum marjinal. Karya arsitekturnya tidak saja sebuah sosok bangunan, tetapi sekaligus karya total dengan pembangunan manusianya, "Guna" dan "Citra". Arsitektur dunia tidak dapat melepaskan diri dari Trilogi Vitruvius: Firmitas, utilitas dan venustas. Dalam karya tulisnya yang luarbiasa, Romo Mangunwijaya menyingkatnya hanya dwilogi saja, Guna dan Citra. Tulisan ini akan membahas bagaimana perasan trilogi itu menjadi dwilogi saja. Kata kunci: Mangunwijaya, Vitruvius, guna, citra.

  19. 3Corners of the World / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2009-01-01

    Arvustused : Robert Jürjendal, Petri Kuljuntausta, David Rothenberg. 3Corners of the World. [Tallinn] : Terra Nova Music, 2008. Nadia ja Fragile. Uhke ali. [Tallinn] : Nadia & Fragile, 2008. UMA. Civitas Soli. [Tallinn] : Elwood, 2008. Uutest heliplaatidest

  20. Eesti kultuurimaastikud Šveitsis / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2007-01-01

    26. novembrist kuni 4. detsembrini Baselis toimunud festivalist Culturescapes. Sel aastal toimunud festival oli pühendatud Eesti kultuurile ja põhirõhk oli muusikal. Lühidalt eesti esindajatest festivalil. Muljeid vahendab helilooja Helena Tulve

  1. 3Corners of the World / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2009-01-01

    Arvustused : Robert Jürjendal, Petri Kuljuntausta, David Rothenberg. 3Corners of the World. [Tallinn] : Terra Nova Music, 2008. Nadia ja Fragile. Uhke ali. [Tallinn] : Nadia & Fragile, 2008. UMA. Civitas Soli. [Tallinn] : Elwood, 2008. Uutest heliplaatidest

  2. Efeitos de dopamina e noradrenalina no fluxo sangüíneo regional no tratamento do choque séptico Dopamine and noradrenaline effects in the blood flux regional on therapeutic in the septic shock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milena Penteado Ferraro Miranda

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A noradrenalina e a dopamina são utilizadas, no estado de choque, com o intuito de oferecer suporte hemodinâmico e restabelecer a perfusão tecidual. As ações farmacológicas desses vasopressores podem ser variadas, deste modo, o uso necessita, por parte do clinico, interpretação dos efeitos hemodinâmicos, com observação das variáveis sistêmica e regional. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar as publicações acerca dos efeitos da noradrenalina e dopamina em baixas doses na perfusão hepatoesplâncnica e renal no tratamento do choque séptico. MÉTODO: Foram selecionados artigos (n = 27 sobre o uso de noradrenalina e dopamina em choque séptico, publicados no período de 1997 a setembro de 2007 revisados na PubMed, base de dados da National Library of Medicine (NLM. Utilizou-se o recurso MESH com os descritores noradrenaline, dopamine e sepsis. RESULTADOS: Os efeitos de dopamina e noradrenalina na perfusão renal demonstraram ser semelhantes em relação ao aumento da diurese e não alteração na depuração de creatinina. A noradrenalina não afetou a perfusão tissular renal, apesar de elevar o tônus vascular. Quanto aos efeitos esplâncnicos, os dois fármacos demonstraram aumentar o fluxo sangüíneo, porém redistribuem o sangue nesse compartimento. CONCLUSÕES: Os estudos analisados foram controversos não demonstrando consenso acerca do fármaco mais oportuno para o restabelecimento hemodinâmico e manutenção de perfusão regional adequada.BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Norepinephrine and dopamine are used, in the state of shock, with the intention of offering hemodynamic support and to reestablish tissue perfusion. The pharmacological effects of these vasopressors can be diverse, for this reason, their use requires, through the clinician, an interpretation of the hemodynamic effects with observation of the systemic variations and region. With this in mind, the objective of this study was to analyze

  3. Análise direcional do fluxo sangüíneo miocárdico após revascularização transmiocárdica com laser de CO2: estudo através da ressonância magnética com imagens de gradiente ultra-rápido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DALLAN Luís A.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a direção do fluxo sangüíneo miocárdico de pacientes submetidos à revascularização transmiocárdica com laser de CO2 (RTML, através de estudos de imagem por ressonância magnética. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: Dez pacientes submetidos a RTML com laser de CO2 (potência de 800 W foram estudados através da ressonância magnética de gradiente ultra-rápido (Gradiente eco-EPI de seqüência híbrida, visando avaliar o direcionamento da perfusão miocárdica após o procedimento. Gadolínio - DTPA (0,1 mmol/kg foi injetado "em bolus" através de veia periférica em velocidade de 5 ml/seg em repouso durante o pico de "stress" induzido por dipiridamol. Foi avaliada sua distribuição miocárdica através da obtenção de curvas de intensidade de sinal no tempo para as diversas sub-regiões do miocárdio, em modelo de 24 segmentos. RESULTADOS: Após período médio de 14,7 meses, pudemos detectar isquemia em ao menos uma das paredes ventriculares em 6 (60% pacientes. Em 1 (10% paciente pode-se notar que o fluxo sangüíneo miocárdico dirigia-se do subendocárdio para o subepicárdio, ao contrário dos demais. CONCLUSÃO: A ressonância magnética, usando a técnica de perfusão miocárdica de primeira passagem, permitiu observar o direcionamento do fluxo sangüíneo miocárdico. Em um dos pacientes, a presença de fluxo miocárdico invertido (do endocárdio para o epicárdio sugeriu a patência dos canais realizados através da RTML.

  4. Reference values for chinchilla (Chinchilla laniger blood cells and serum biochemical parameters Valores de referência para os parâmetros das células e bioquímica sangüínea da chinchila (Chinchilla laniger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tális de Oliveira Silva

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Raising chinchilla (Chinchilla laniger for commercial purpose has increased significantly; however, hematological and serum biochemical reference values have not yet been determined for chinchillas raised in south Brazil. Establishing blood cells and serum biochemistry reference values might be helpful to evaluate health status of chinchillas and might be used as a tool by clinicians. The purpose of this study was to determine the reference values for blood cells and serum biochemistry of Chinchilla laniger. Blood samples were collected by cardiac puncture from 16 adult males, at the time they were killed to remove the fur coat, and from 8 adult males anesthetized with ketamine and xylazine. Blood cell counts and serum biochemistry analysis were performed using standard techniques and the results were expressed as mean ± SEM. Analysis of blood parameters from post-mortem cardiac punctured and from anesthetized chinchillas indicated that blood samples from anesthetized chinchillas had higher PCV, Hemoglobin, MCHC and WBC (P A criação de chinchila (Chinchilla laniger com objetivos comerciais tem crescido muito nos últimos anos. No entanto, os valores de referência para os parâmetros hematológicos e bioquímicos não foram ainda determinados para chinchilas criados no sul do Brasil. O estabelecimento dos valores de referência para esses parâmetros pode servir de auxílio para a avaliação da saúde das chinchilas e servir de auxílio diagnóstico para o clínico. Esse estudo teve como objetivo determinar os valores de referência das células e da bioquímica sangüínea da Chinchilla laniger. As amostras de sangue foram coletadas por meio de punção cardíaca de 16 machos adultos no momento em que os animais foram mortos para remoção da pele, e de 8 machos adultos após anestesia com xylazina e ketamina. A contagem das células sangüíneas e a análise dos parâmetros bioquímicos foram feitas utilizando-se métodos padronizados em

  5. Influência da terapia com espironolactona sobre níveis sangüíneos de tiamina em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca Influence of spironolactone therapy on thiamine blood levels in patients with heart failure

    OpenAIRE

    Ricardo Mourilhe Rocha; Silva,Guilherme Vianna e; Denilson Campos de Albuquerque; Bernardo Rangel Tura; Francisco Manes Albanesi Filho

    2008-01-01

    FUNDAMENTO: Estudos do manejo não-farmacológico da insuficiência cardíaca (IC) têm sido muito escassos. A importância de micronutrientes como tiamina há muito é conhecida, uma vez que sua deficiência está associada com o desenvolvimento de IC de alto débito. OBJETIVO: Nós estudamos a relação entre adicionar à inibição da ECA uma supressão adicional da aldosterona com espironolactona e níveis sangüíneos de tiamina (pmol/ml). MÉTODOS: Um total de 22 pacientes (pc) com IC (classes III/IV da NYHA...

  6. Associação entre pressão sangüínea com sinais e sintomas de dor orofacial e disfunção temporomandibular = Relationship between blood pressure with signs and symptons of orofacial pain and temporomandibular disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haesbaert, Bibiana M.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é o de determinar a função da pressão sangüínea como possível fator diagnóstico em pacientes com desordens temporomandibulares (DTM. Foram examinadas as pressões sanguíneas de mulheres entre 17 e 40 anos de idade, com sinais e sintomas de desordens temporomandibulares (DTM, versus grupo controle (sem DTM, usando o aparelho “Digital Blood Pressure Meter” da A&D Engineering, Inc. Sendo assim, observou-se uma tendência à hipotensão nos pacientes com DTM em relação ao grupo controle

  7. Bomba sangüínea espiral: concepção, desenvolvimento e aplicação clínica de projeto original Spiral blood pump: conception, development and clinical application of the original project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarbas J. Dinkhuysen

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: O trabalho aborda projeto original relativo à concepção, ao desenvolvimento e à aplicação clínica de bomba sangüínea que associa forças centrífuga e axial de propulsão hidráulica, baseada no princípio de Arquimedes, denominada Bomba Espiral (BE, tendo recebido Patente Nacional e Relatório Preliminar Internacional categorizando-a como invento. MÉTODO: Visa avaliar sua capacidade hidrodinâmica e seu impacto aos elementos figurados do sangue por meio de testes "in vitro", como Eficiência Hidrodinâmica, Hemólise Normalizada e Visibilização de Escoamento, e, nos testes "in vivo" experimentais, feitos em carneiros submetidos a Circulação Extracorpórea (CEC, e clínico, em 43 pacientes submetidos a operações cardíacas com CEC, nas quais o elemento propulsor foi a BE. RESULTADOS: Na dependência da distância entre o rotor e a carcaça (fenda da bomba pôde-se observar que com 1,5 mm gerou escoamento ao redor de 9 L/min, pressão acima de 400mmHg com 1500 rotações por minuto (rpm, índices de Hemólise Normalizada não superiores a 0,0375 g/100l em condições de alto fluxo e pressão, e pelo estudo de Visibilização do Escoamento no interior da bomba não se detectou áreas de estagnação ou turbulência na entrada, saída e junto à extremidade dos fusos. Nas pesquisas "in vivo" experimentais em ovinos em CEC por 6 horas a BE foi capaz de manter parâmetros pressóricos adequados e Hemoglobina Livre entre 16,36 mg% e 44,90 mg%. Durante sua aplicação em cirurgias cardíacas com CEC, num grupo de 43 pacientes, pôde-se constatar variações pré e pós-CEC, na Hemoglobina Livre de 9,34 a 44,16 mg%, no Fibrinogênio, de 236,65 a 547,26 mg%, na contagem do número de Plaquetas de 152,465 a 98,139, Desidrogenase Láctica, de 238,12 a 547,26 mg%, com tempo de coagulação ativada ao redor de 800 seg. quando em CEC. CONCLUSÕES: A BE mostrou resolutividade por gerar escoamento e pressão adequados, sem causar

  8. Metabolismo miocárdico após cardioplegia sangüínea hipotérmica retrógrada contínua Myocardial metabolism after hypothermic retrograde continuous blood cardioplegia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio G. SOBROSA

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: Realizamos uma análise metabólica da cardioplegia sangüínea hipotérmica retrógrada contínua em um estudo prospectivo de 15 pacientes consecutivos encaminhados para operação eletiva de revascularização miocárdica. Os critérios de inclusão foram doença coronária bi ou triarterial e função ventricular preservada (FE > 40%. Os critérios de exclusão foram angina instável, diabéticos insulino-dependentes e operações associadas. Três pacientes foram excluídos do trabalho (operação associada e deslocamento do cateter de cardioplegia retrógrada. Amostras de sangue arterial e do seio coronário foram simultaneamente colhidas: antes do início da CEC, na abertura da aorta e com 10, 30 e 60 minutos de reperfusão, para análise do conteúdo de oxigênio e da concentração de lactato. Quatro biópsias miocárdicas foram obtidas do ápice do ventrículo esquerdo: (1 após instalação da CEC (mas antes do pinçamento aórtico, (2 imediatamente após o término da indução cardioplégica, (3 antes do despinçamento aórtico e (4 com 30 minutos de reperfusão, para análise dos níveis de ATP, ADP, AMP e lactato no miocárdio. A isoenzima CK-MB foi analisada no sangue venoso. RESULTADOS: Não houve mortalidade no grupo. Houve uma diminuição da extração artério-venosa do lactato e do oxigênio pelo coração durante a reperfusão, somente havendo uma recuperação parcial ao final de 60 minutos de reperfusão. O ATP e os outros nucleotídeos tiveram os seus níveis mantidos no miocárdio durante o pinçamento aórtico, mas estes caíram nos primeiros 30 minutos de reperfusão. O lactato acumulou-se no músculo cardíaco durante o pinçamento aórtico e diminuiu durante a reperfusão. Houve um aumento da enzima CK-MB, principalmente entre a terceira e sexta horas de pós-operatório. CONCLUSÕES: Do ponto de vista metabólico, o método não evitou o metabolismo anaeróbico durante o período de pin

  9. Plasma sangüíneo em pó em dietas para leitões desmamados aos 14 dias de idade Spray dried plasma in diets for piglets weaned with 14 days of age

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    Gustavo Gattás

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Foi conduzido um experimento utilizando 128 leitões com peso inicial de 4,32 ± 0,55 kg, desmamados aos 14 dias de idade, distribuídos em delineamento em blocos, composto de quatro tratamentos, oito repetições e quatro animais por unidade experimental, com o objetivo de avaliar níveis de inclusão de plasma sangüíneo em pó (PSP em dietas para leitões em três períodos consecutivos: 14 a 28 (período 1; 29 a 35 (período 2 e 36 a 42 (período 3 dias de idade. Os níveis de PSP foram de 0,0; 4,0; 6,0 e 8,0% para o período 1; 0,0; 2,8; 4,2 e 5,6% para o período 2 e 0,0; 2,0; 3,0 e 4,0% para o período 3. No período 4 (43 a 56 dias de idade, todos os leitões foram alimentados com dieta isenta de PSP. Durante o período 1, o consumo diário de ração (CDR e o ganho de peso diário (GPD foram afetados de forma linear crescente pelos níveis de PSP, entretanto, o modelo Linear Response Plateau foi o que melhor se ajustou aos dados; a partir dele, estimaram-se os níveis de 7,5% de PSP para CDR e de 6,6% para GPD. No período 2, os níveis de PSP não influenciaram essas características de desempenho. No período 3, verificou-se efeito dos níveis de PSP sobre o GPD, que diminuiu de forma linear a medida que os níveis PDP aumentou. Entretanto, não foi constatada diferença no CDR entre os níveis de PSP. Não houve efeito residual dos níveis de PSP sobre o CRD e o GPD no período 4. O nível de inclusão de PSP na dieta de leitões desmamados aos 14 dias de idade é de 7,5% para o período de 14 a 28 dias de idade dos animais.One hundred and twenty-eight pigs, averaging initial weight of 4.32 ± 0.55 kg and weaned with 14 days of age, were allotted to a completely randomized experimental block design, composed by four treatments, eight replicates and four animals in each experimental unit, to evaluate the levels of inclusion of spray dried plasma (SDP in diets for piglets, in three consecutive periods: from 14 to 28 (period 1; 29 to

  10. Health economics education in undergraduate medical training: introducing the health economics education (HEe) website.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oppong, Raymond; Mistry, Hema; Frew, Emma

    2013-09-13

    In the UK, the General Medical Council clearly stipulates that upon completion of training, medical students should be able to discuss the principles underlying the development of health and health service policy, including issues relating to health economics. In response, researchers from the UK and other countries have called for a need to incorporate health economics training into the undergraduate medical curricula. The Health Economics education website was developed to encourage and support teaching and learning in health economics for medical students. It was designed to function both as a forum for teachers of health economics to communicate and to share resources and also to provide instantaneous access to supporting literature and teaching materials on health economics. The website provides a range of free online material that can be used by both health economists and non-health economists to teach the basic principles of the discipline. The Health Economics education website is the only online education resource that exists for teaching health economics to medical undergraduate students and it provides teachers of health economics with a range of comprehensive basic and advanced teaching materials that are freely available. This article presents the website as a tool to encourage the incorporation of health economics training into the undergraduate medical curricula.

  11. Health economics education in undergraduate medical training: introducing the health economics education (HEe) website

    OpenAIRE

    Oppong, Raymond; Mistry, Hema; Frew, Emma

    2013-01-01

    In the UK, the General Medical Council clearly stipulates that upon completion of training, medical students should be able to discuss the principles underlying the development of health and health service policy, including issues relating to health economics. In response, researchers from the UK and other countries have called for a need to incorporate health economics training into the undergraduate medical curricula. The Health Economics education website was developed to encourage and sup...

  12. Results of experimental testing of hee girl students’ motor skills at aerobic trainings

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    Martinova N. P.

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to analyze dynamic of motor skills’ formation in girl students, who practice aerobic by experimental program. Material: in the research 40 girl students participated. Motor skills level was tested with the help of state and additional tests. Results: it was found that for training quickness it is necessary to use rope skipping in mode, corresponding to development of this quality. For training maximal strength it is purposeful to use more complex power exercises in ground part of the complex. Conclusions: implementation of rope skipping means in dance aerobic trainings increases training influence on practically all motor skills. Rope skipping permits to doze and regulate training load. The same under musical accompaniment develop sense of rhythm. In some modes such jumps facilitate training of speed power qualities and power endurance.

  13. Candida bloodstream infection: data from a teaching hospital in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil Infecção na corrente sangüínea por Candida spp. dados de um hospital universitário em Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Marilene Rodrigues Chang

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The incidence of Candida bloodstream infection has increased over the past years. In the Center-West region of Brazil, data on candidemia are scarce. This paper reports a retrospective analysis of 96 cases of Candida bloodstream infection at a Brazilian tertiary-care teaching hospital in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, from January 1998 to December 2006. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected from medical records and from the hospital's laboratory database. Patients' ages ranged from three days to 92 years, with 53 (55.2% adults and 43 (44.8% children. Of the latter, 25 (58.1% were newborns. The risk conditions most often found were: long period of hospitalization, utilization of venous central catheter, and previous use of antibiotics. Fifty-eight (60.4% patients died during the hospitalization period and eight (13.7% of them died 30 days after the diagnosis of candidemia. Candida albicans (45.8% was the most prevalent species, followed by C. parapsilosis (34.4%, C. tropicalis (14.6% and C. glabrata (5.2%. This is the first report of Candida bloodstream infection in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul and it highlights the importance of considering the possibility of invasive Candida infection in patients exposed to risk factors, particularly among neonates and the elderly.RESUMO A incidência de infecções na corrente sangüínea causada por Candida spp. tem aumentado nos últimos anos. Na região Centro-Oeste do Brasil, os dados sobre candidemia são escassos. Realizamos uma análise retrospectiva de casos de infecção na corrente sangüínea por Candida em um hospital terciário de ensino de Mato Grosso do Sul. Noventa e seis episódios diagnosticados de janeiro de 1998 a dezembro de 2006 foram incluídos no estudo. Os dados demográficos e clínicos foram obtidos de prontuários; os dados laboratoriais provieram de registros do laboratório hospitalar. Dos pacientes, 43 (44,8% eram crianças e 53 (55,2% adultos, com idades

  14. RT-PCR em pools de soros sangüíneos para o diagnóstico da infecção aguda e de animais persistentemente infectados pelo vírus da diarréia viral bovina RT-PCR in pools of bovine blood serum to detect acute infection and persistently infected animals with bovine viral diarrhea virus

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    D. Pilz

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Utilizou-se a técnica da RT-PCR para a detecção da região 5' UTR do genoma do vírus da diarréia viral bovina (BVDV em pools de soros sangüíneos provenientes de um rebanho, constituído por 226 animais, que apresentava distúrbios da reprodução. A partir das amostras individuais de soro e de acordo com a categoria dos animais e o número de animais por categoria foram formados 10 pools (A a J de soros. A primeira avaliação revelou a amplificação de um produto com 290pb nas reações referentes aos grupos D (35 vacas e H (25 bezerros lactentes que, após o desmembramento em amostras individuais, resultou na identificação de 11 vacas lactantes e 12 bezerros em amamentação positivos. Para a identificação de animais persistentemente infectados (PI entre os 23 positivos na primeira avaliação, realizou-se a segunda colheita de soros sangüíneos, três meses após. A RT-PCR das amostras individuais de soro revelou resultado positivo em cinco bezerros. Em dois, foi possível isolar o BVDV em cultivo de células MDBK. A especificidade das reações da RT-PCR foi confirmada pelo seqüenciamento dos produtos amplificados a partir do soro de uma vaca com infecção aguda, de um bezerro PI e das duas amostras do BVDV isoladas em cultivo celular. A utilização da RT-PCR em pools de soros sangüíneos demonstrou ser uma estratégia rápida de diagnóstico etiológico e de baixo custo tanto para a detecção de infecção aguda quanto de animais PI.The 5' untranslated region of the bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV genome was detected by RT-PCR assay in pools of blood sera samples collected from a cattle herd (n=226 animals with reproductive failures. Based on the classes of animal and the number of animals per class, the individual blood serum samples were distributed in 10 sera pools (A to J. During the first evaluation a 290bp amplicon was amplified in reactions from groups D (35 cows and H (25 sucking calves. The individual analysis

  15. Efeitos da farinha de folhas de mandioca sobre a peroxidação lipídica, o perfil lipídico sangüíneo e o peso do fígado de ratos Effects of cassava leaf flour on lipidic peroxidation, blood lipidic profile and liver weight of rats

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    Daniela Séfora de Melo

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Sabe-se que polifenóis e saponinas apresentam efeitos antioxidante e hipolipidêmico, respectivamente. Como folhas de mandioca contêm estas substâncias, foi investigado o efeito de dietas contendo a farinha de folhas de mandioca (FFM sobre a peroxidação lipídica, o perfil lipídico sangüíneo e o peso do fígado de ratos. Para isto, folhas maduras de mandioca (Manihot esculenta Crantz cv. Cacao foram secas em estufa ventilada a 30-35 ºC e trituradas sem os pecíolos. Um ensaio biológico, com 32 ratos machos Wistar, foi conduzido por um período de 7 semanas com quatro tratamentos: dieta controle e dietas contendo 5%, 10% e 15% de FFM, sendo todas suplementadas com 1% de colesterol. As dietas se apresentaram isoenergéticas e contendo os mesmos níveis de proteína digestível e fibras. Foi observado que dietas contendo FFM não apresentaram efeitos significativos sobre o perfil lipídico sangüíneo e sobre as variáveis de desempenho, mas contribuiram para o aumento no peso do fígado. Já as dietas contendo 10% e 15% de FFM foram associadas à redução nos teores plasmáticos de substâncias reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico.It is well known that polyphenols and saponins present antioxidant and hypolipidemic effects, respectively. As cassava leaves contains these substances, the effects of diets supplemented with cassava leaf flour (CLF on lipidic peroxidation, blood lipid profile and liver weight of rats were investigated. Therefore, ripe cassava leaves (Manihot esculenta Crantz cv. Cacao were dried in a ventilated oven at 30-35 ºC and ground without the petioles. A biological assay was conducted during 7 weeks with 32 Wistar male rats submitted to four treatments: control diet and diets containing 5%, 10% and 15% CLF, all supplemented with 1% cholesterol. Diets were isoenergetic and contained the same levels of digestible protein, and fibers. It was observed that diets containing CLF presented no significant effect on blood

  16. Avaliação da velocidade do fluxo sangüineo cerebral através da utilização do Doppler transcraniano em crianças e adolescentes com hidrocefalia Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography for evaluation changes in cerebral blood flow in hydrocephalic children

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    Ricardo Santos Oliveira

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo avaliou a hemodinâmica cerebral através da análise da velocidade de fluxo sangüíneo cerebral a partir da utilização do US- color Doppler (ultra-som Doppler com fluxo a cores em crianças e adolescentes com diagnóstico de hidrocefalia e portadores de derivação liquórica ventrículo peritoneal (DVP. Testes de avaliação funcional foram realizados: teste de compressão da fontanela anterior e teste de vasoreatividade ao CO2. Conclui-se que os valores da Dopplervelocimetria encontrados neste estudo, através do acompanhamento em crianças com hidrocefalia e DVP, utilizando-se a técnica do US-Doppler, forneceram informações acerca da hemodinâmica cerebral nesses pacientes e possibilitaram a realização de testes funcionais não invasivos para avaliação da reatividade vascular e a complacência cerebral nesses pacientes.

  17. Cloned IGH VDJ targets as tools for personalized minimal residual disease monitoring in mature lymphoid malignancies; a feasibility study in mantle cell lymphoma by the Groupe Ouest Est d'Etude des Leucémies et Autres Maladies du Sang.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gimenez, Estelle; Chauvet, Martine; Rabin, Laetitia; Puteaud, Isabelle; Duley, Samuel; Hamaidia, Sieme; Bruder, Juliana; Rolland-Neyret, Valérie; Le Gouill, Steven; Tournilhac, Olivier; Voog, Eric; Maisonneuve, Hervé; Jacob, Marie C; Leroux, Dominique; Béné, Marie C; Formisano-Tréziny, Christine; Gabert, Jean; Gressin, Rémy; Callanan, Mary B

    2012-07-01

    Molecular minimal residual disease (MRD) analysis is fast emerging as an essential clinical decision-making tool for the treatment and follow-up of mature B cell malignancies. Current EuroMRD consensus IGH real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction RQ-PCR assays rely on flow cytometric assessment of diagnostic tumour burdens to construct 'normalized', patient-specific, diagnostic DNA-based MRD quantification standards. Here, we propose a new 'hybrid' assay that relies on plasmid-based quantification of patient-specific IGH VDJ targets by consensus IGH real time (RQ)-PCR, combined with EuroMRD guidelines, for MRD monitoring in lymphoid malignancies. This assay was evaluated for MRD assessment in a total of 273 samples from 29 mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) patients treated within a Groupe Ouest Est d'Etude des Leucémies et Autres Maladies du Sang (GOELAMS) Phase II trial and was feasible, reliable and consistently comparable to gold-standard MRD techniques (99% concordance across all samples including 32 samples within the quantitative range) when analysed in parallel (117 samples). Integrating clinical prognostic parameters and MRD status in peripheral blood at the post-induction stage was predictive of progression-free survival (P = 0·034) thus demonstrating the clinical utility of the approach. Plasmid-based standards for the quantification of IGH VDJ targets are therefore confirmed to offer new opportunities for further standardization and clinical evaluation of MRD-guided management of patients with mature B cell malignancies.

  18. Dopplerfluxometria do ducto venoso: relação com a gasometria em fetos prematuros com centralização de fluxo sangüíneo Ductus venosus velocimetry: relationship with fetal blood gases in preterm fetuses presenting brain sparing reflex

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    Renato Augusto Moreira de Sá

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar o desempenho da dopplerfluxometria do ducto venoso (DV na detecção da acidemia em fetos prematuros apresentando centralização de fluxo sangüíneo. MÉTODOS: estudo observacional transversal. A população em estudo consistiu de 48 gestantes entre a 25ª e a 33ª semana de gestação, que apresentavam centralização de fluxo sangüíneo fetal (relação umbílico/cerebral >1. O tempo decorrido entre o diagnóstico de centralização fetal e o nascimento (cesariana sob anestesia peridural foi de até cinco horas. Os seguintes parâmetros foram estudados: relação sístole ventricular atrial (S/A do ducto venoso, pH e base excess (BE de amostra de sangue da veia umbilical colhida imediatamente após o nascimento. A relação S/A do DV foi considerada anormal quando maior que 3,6. Os conceptos foram classificados quanto ao resultado da gasometria, sendo considerada gasometria anormal quando pH PURPOSE: to evaluate Doppler velocimetry of the ductus venosus as a noninvasive test of abnormal pH and gas analysis in preterm fetuses with "brain sparing reflex". METHODS: a cross-sectional study was performed. The studied population consisted of 48 pregnant women between the 25th and the 33rd week of gestation, whose fetuses presented brain sparing reflex (umbilical/cerebral ratio >1. The time elapsed between Doppler velocimetry and the birth (cesarean section under peridural anesthesia was of up to 5 h. The following parameters were studied: S/A ratio of the ductus venosus, pH and base excess (BE of fetal blood sample (collected from the umbilical vein immediately after birth. The S/A ratio of the ductus venosus was considered abnormal when superior to 3.6. The fetuses were classified according to the gas analysis result. They were considered abnormal when pH <7.26 and BE £ 6 mMol/L. Fisher's test was used for statistical analysis and considered significant when p £ 0.05. RESULTS: there was a significant correlation between

  19. Influência da terapia com espironolactona sobre níveis sangüíneos de tiamina em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca Influence of spironolactone therapy on thiamine blood levels in patients with heart failure

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    Ricardo Mourilhe Rocha

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: Estudos do manejo não-farmacológico da insuficiência cardíaca (IC têm sido muito escassos. A importância de micronutrientes como tiamina há muito é conhecida, uma vez que sua deficiência está associada com o desenvolvimento de IC de alto débito. OBJETIVO: Nós estudamos a relação entre adicionar à inibição da ECA uma supressão adicional da aldosterona com espironolactona e níveis sangüíneos de tiamina (pmol/ml. MÉTODOS: Um total de 22 pacientes (pc com IC (classes III/IV da NYHA foi dividido em dois grupos [grupo I - espironolactona 25mg/dia (n=11 e grupo II - sem espironolactona (n=11]. Determinamos os níveis de tiamina pelo uso da atividade da transcetolase eritrocitária. Os grupos foram comparados com relação à ingesta alimentar, demografia, doses de furosemida e níveis sangüíneos de tiamina, usando os testes de Mann-Whitney e t de Student. Analisamos as proporções com testes de qui-quadrado e de Kruskal-Wallis para associarmos a tiamina com fatores demográficos e usamos as doses de furosemida como variáveis dependentes. RESULTADOS: Os grupos I e II eram similares em relação à ingesta alimentar, doses diárias de furosemida (110,9±30,2 e 105,5±26,9 mg, respectivamente; p>0,05, demografia (etiologia, idade, hipertensão, diabete, tabagismo, abuso de álcool, dislipidemia e tratamento adjuvante da IC com drogas. Os pacientes do grupo I mostraram níveis de tiamina significativamente superiores, comparados com aqueles do grupo II (277,2±89,8 e 154,7±35,7, respectivamente (pBACKGROUND: The nonpharmacological management of heart failure (HF has been understudied. The importance of micronutrients such as thiamine has long been known since its deficiency is associated with the development of high-output HF. OBJECTIVE: We studied the relationship between adding to ACE inhibition further aldosterone suppression with spironolactone and thiamine blood levels (pmol/ml. METHODS: A total of 22 patients

  20. Efeitos do bloqueio pudendo, peridural e subaracnóideo sobre a coagulação sangüínea de gestantes Efectos del bloqueo pudendo, peridural y subaracnoideo sobre la coagulación sanguínea de embarazadas Effects of pudendal nerve, epidural and subarachnoid block on coagulation of pregnant women

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    Alberto Vasconcelos

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Tem sido atribuída à anestesia regional diminuição significativa das complicações tromboembólicas no pós-operatório, provavelmente por sua ação atenuadora sobre a resposta neuroendócrino-metabólica. As gestantes, que apresentam aumento importante da coagulabilidade sangüínea, podem, teoricamente, beneficiar-se desse efeito por ocasião do parto. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar o efeito da anestesia regional sobre a coagulação sangüínea em gestantes. MÉTODO: Foram estudadas 30 pacientes no terceiro trimestre de gestação, sendo dez submetidas à anestesia peridural para cesariana, com 150 mg de bupivacaína a 0,5% sem epinefrina e 2 mg de morfina (grupo PD; dez à anestesia subaracnóidea para cesariana com 15 mg de bupivacaína hiperbárica a 0,5% e 0,2 mg de morfina (grupo SA; e dez a bloqueio de pudendo para parto vaginal, com doses de até 100 mg de bupivacaína a 0,5% sem epinefrina (grupo BP. A coagulação sangüínea foi avaliada por meio de coagulograma (tempo de protrombina, tempo de trombina, tempo de tromboplastina parcial ativada e de tromboelastograma (tempo r, tempo k, tempo r + k, ângulo alfa e amplitude máxima nos seguintes momentos: antes e após a anestesia, após o nascimento do feto e 24 horas após a anestesia nos grupos PD e SA. No grupo BP a avaliação foi realizada antes da anestesia, após o nascimento do feto e 24 horas após a anestesia. RESULTADOS: Os resultados mostraram que nenhuma das técnicas anestésicas utilizadas teve influência na coagulação sangüínea das gestantes. Demonstraram, também, que durante o trabalho de parto tem início um processo de ativação da coagulação que é responsável pelas alterações encontradas nos três grupos estudados. CONCLUSÕES: Nas condições do presente estudo o bloqueio simpático e o anestésico local não influíram sobre a coagulação em gestantes de termo submetidas à anestesia peridural, subaracn

  1. Eesti luuletaja päris oma prantsuse luuleraamat. August Sanga, Jaan Krossi ja Ain Kaalepi loomingust 1960. aastail / An Estonian Poet’s Own Book of French Poetry. About the Works of August Sang, Jaan Kross and Ain Kaalep in the 1960s

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    Katre Talviste

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article positions the translations of French verse works (plays and selected collections of individual poets that August Sang, Jaan Kross and Ain Kaalep made in the 1960s, onto the background of their own original works. At that time, August Sang translated four plays by Molière (The Misanthrope, Tartuffe, The School for Wives in 1961; Amphitryon in 1961, which have already been discussed in relation to the tradition of translating the French syllabic verse into Estonian, because these translations form a considerable part of the body of Estonian translations of French verse poetry. For Jaan Kross and Ain Kaalep, the wider context is created by the so-called free verse battles in the 1950s, to which we can link Kross’ translation of a selected collection of Éluard (Veel enne kostma peab, 1969 and Kaalep’s translation of a selected collection of Prévert (Kuidas portreteerida lindu, 1965. One of the two remaining translations by Kross, (Rostand’s Cyrano de Bergerac, 1964, can also be examined in relation to the problems of translating verse, but the other, (Béranger’s Laulud, 1963, should be discussed in the framework of intellectual and cultural resistance, a part of which was also the struggle put up for the existence of free verse in the 1950s and 1960s. Of August Sang’s original work, the article examines his collection of poems Võileib suudlusega (1963, written simultaneously with his translations of Molière’s plays and published right after them. Both the translations and the collection of original poems have attracted critics’ attention with their remarkable lack of linguistic constraint and simplicity. Although Sang has rarely voiced theoretical ideas about translation or explained his method, both his poetic image, outlined in the collection Võileib suudlusega, and his search for right words, reflected in the drafts of his translations, let us believe that the simplicity of expression and the avoidance of marked

  2. Margem de segurança do meloxicam em cães: efeitos deletérios nas células sangüíneas e trato gastrintestinal Margin of safety of meloxicam in dogs: deleterious effects on blood cells and gastrointestinal tract

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    Marilac Maria Arnaldo Alencar

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho investigou a margem de segurança do inibidor COX-2, meloxicam, em cães, enfocando seus efeitos deletérios nas células sangüíneas e no trato gastrintestinal. Para tanto, após uma avaliação clínico-laboratorial, os cães foram distribuídos nos seguintes grupos: I (placebo; n= 3, II (piroxicam; 1,0mg kg-1; n= 5, III (meloxicam; 0,2mg kg-1; n= 5, IV (meloxicam;1,0mg kg-1; n= 5 e V (meloxicam; 2,0mg kg-1; n= 5. Os fármacos foram usados, por via oral, por 16 dias. No 17º dia, repetiu-se o hemograma completo e, então, procedeu-se a eutanásia seguida pela necrópsia. No grupo I, não houve alterações dignas de nota. No grupo II, todos os cães apresentaram episódios moderados de vômito e diarréia. O perfil celular sangüíneo não foi significativamente modificado. Em dois cães, houve redução no hematócrito e na hemoglobina. Na necropsia, observaram-se focos hemorrágicos e lesões gastriduodenais moderadas. A análise microscópica revelou a presença de gastrite e enterite ulcerativa. No grupo III, quatro cães (80% apresentaram vômito e diarréia, sem alteração no perfil celular sangüíneo. Na análise macroscópica, observaram-se lesões brandas na mucosa gástrica e focos hemorrágicos no duodeno em quatro cães. Na histopatologia, observaram-se lesões sugestivas de discreta gastroenterite. No grupo IV, os cinco cães tiveram vômito e diarréia sanguinolenta. Quatro deles (80% apresentaram anemia (p This study investigated the margin of safety of the COX-2e inhibitor, meloxicam on blood cells and gastrointestinal tract of dogs. After a clinical and laboratorial examination, the dogs were distributed in the following groups: I (placebo; n=3, II (piroxicam: 1.0mg kg-1; n=5, III (meloxicam: 0.2mg kg-1; n=5, IV (meloxican: 1.0mg kg-1; n=5 and V (meloxican: 2.0mg kg-1; n=5. The drugs were given orally for 16 days. On the 17th day the complete hemogram was repeated and the euthanasia and necropsy were then

  3. Avaliação do suprimento sangüíneo vascular pulmonar nos portadores de atresia pulmonar com comunicação interventricular e artérias colaterais sistêmico-pulmonares Assessment of the pulmonary vascular blood supply in patients with pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect, and aortopulmonary collateral arteries

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    Ulisses Alexandre Croti

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar as características morfométricas das artérias pulmonares centrais e artérias colaterais sistêmico-pulmonares, avaliando a morfologia do suprimento sangüíneo vascular pulmonar, procurando estabelecer suas implicações no tratamento cirúrgico. MÉTODO: Entre janeiro/1990 e junho/2001, foram estudados 40 pacientes, incluíndo-se os que apresentavam estudo cineangiocardiográfico completo e prévio à primeira intervenção cirúrgica. Analisaram-se as características morfométricas das artérias pulmonares centrais e artérias colaterais sistêmico-pulmonares, assim como a distribuição da irrigação sangüínea nos pulmões. Calcularam-se os índices arterial pulmonar (IAAPP, arterial colateral sistêmico-pulmonar (IACSP e arterial neopulmonar total (IANPT = IAAPP + IACSP. O tratamento cirúrgico foi considerado paliativo (TP, paliativo definitivo (TPD e definitivo (TD. RESULTADOS: O TP foi predominante. Não houve diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre os pacientes com TP, TPD e TD, em relação ao IAAPP, IACSP e IANPT. Comparando o IAAPP e o IACSP, não houve diferença entre os índices para o TD (p=0,4309, o IACSP foi maior que o IAAPP para o TP (p=0,0176 e descritivamente também maior para o TPD. O IANPT dos pacientes em TD foi maior que os em TP (p=0,0959. Foram identificados cinco subgrupos morfologicamente semelhantes, denominados: B1, B2, B3, B4 e B5. A mortalidade total foi de 17,5%. CONCLUSÃO: A morfologia do suprimento sangüíneo vascular pulmonar das artérias pulmonares centrais e artérias colaterais sistêmico-pulmonares mostrou-se soberana na orientação do tratamento cirúrgico. Independentemente da divisão didática em subgrupos, o TP foi predominante. A mortalidade não apresentou correlação com as características morfométricas.OBJECTIVE: To study the morphometric characteristics of the central pulmonary arteries and aortopulmonary collateral arteries by assessing the morphology

  4. Estudo comparativo de algumas provas funcionais do fluido ruminal e de metabólitos sangüíneos de bovinos e bubalinos A comparative study of some functional exams of the ruminal fluid and of some blood metabolites of cattle and buffaloes

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    José Diomedes Barbosa

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available No fluido ruminal de búfalos e de bovinos da Região Amazônica, alimentados com capim-elefante (Pennisetum purpureum var. Cameron, foram determinados os seguintes parâmetros: cor, odor, viscosidade, sedimentação, flotação, pH, redução do azul de metileno, fermentação da glicose, acidez total, número total de protozoários, teor de cloretos, redução de nitrito e grupo de bactérias predominantes. No soro sangüíneo também foram avaliados os teores de cloretos, proteínas totais e uréia. A comparação desses dados não resultou em diferenças significativas entre as duas espécies, com exceção do teor de cloretos e do número e distribuição dos protozoários. Nos búfalos, os teores de cloretos foram mais baixos e o número de protozoários foi maior do que o observado em bovinos; adicionalmente nos búfalos predominaram os protozoários pequenos, enquanto em bovinos preponderaram os protozoários grandes.In adult buffaloes and cattle in the Amazonian Region, fed elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum, the following values of the ruminal fluid were determined: colour, odor, viscosity, sedimentation, flotation, pH, the reduction of methylene blue, glucose fermentation, total acidity, total number of protozoa, the amount of chlorides, reduction of nitrites and the predominant group of bacteria. In the blood serum, the amounts of chlorides, total proteins and urea were also established. A comparison between the parameters observed in buffaloes and cattle did not show significant differences, with exception of the amount of chlorides and the number and distribution of protozoa. In buffaloes the amount of chlorides was lower and the number of protozoa was higher than those observed in cattle; additionally in buffaloes the small protozoa predominated, to the contrary of cattle, in which the large protozoa predominated.

  5. Desempenho e parâmetros sangüíneos de eqüinos em crescimento submetidos a dietas com diferentes níveis de farelo de canola Performance and blood parameters of growing equine fed diets with different levels of canola meal

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    Kátia de Oliveira

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available Utilizando potros, avaliaram-se dietas em que a proteína do farelo de soja foi substituído em diferentes níveis (0; 35; 65 e 100% pela do farelo de canola. As rações foram isoprotéicas ( 17% PB e isocalóricas (4200 kcal/kg. Foram utilizados 16 eqüinos da raça Mangalarga, sendo oito machos e oito fêmeas, com média de dez meses e 218 kg PV inicial, consumindo um total de 2,5% PV, na matéria seca (MS. A dieta era composta por 40% de volumoso e 60% de concentrado. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi em blocos ao acaso, considerando quatro blocos e quatro tratamentos. Não se verificou efeito dos tratamentos sobre as variáveis de desempenho (ganho diário de peso vivo, altura na cernelha, perímetro torácico e perímetro da canela e parâmetros sangüíneos (glicose e uréia dos potros em crescimento. Nos concentrados para potros dos 9 a 11,5 meses de idade, o farelo de soja pode ser substituído pelo farelo de canola.Diets composed by four different levels (0; 53; 65 and 100% of canola meal replacing soybean meal crude protein (CP were evaluated using foals. The diets were isoproteic (17% CP and isocaloric (4200 kcal/kg. Sixteen Managalarga breed foals, eight males and eight females, averaging 10 months and 218 kg LW, fed a total intake of 2.5% LW on dry matter (DM basis were used. The diet was composed by 60:40 forage to concentrate ratio. A completely block experimental design, with four blocks and four treatments, was used. There were no effect of treatments on the performance variables (average daily gain, wither height, heart girth and cannon bone circumference and blood parameters (glucose and urea of growing foals. In the concentrate for growing foals from 9 to 11.5 months old, the soybean meal can be replaced by canola meal.

  6. Transfusão sangüínea no intra-operatório, complicações e prognóstico Transfusión sanguínea en el intraoperatorio, complicaciones y pronóstico Complications and prognosis of intraoperative blood transfusion

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    João Manoel Silva Junior

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Transfusões sangüíneas no intra-operatório estão associadas a aumento de complicações no pós-operatório e custos hospitalares. Portanto, este estudo avaliou as características, complicações e possíveis fatores de riscos para morte em pacientes cirúrgicos que necessitaram de transfusões sangüíneas no intra-operatório. MÉTODO: Coorte prospectiva, durante período de um ano, no centro cirúrgico de hospital terciário. Incluíram-se pacientes com idade acima de 18 anos que necessitaram de transfusões sangüíneas no intra-operatório. Testemunhas de Jeová, pacientes que receberam transfusões prévias, falência coronariana e lesão encefálica aguda foram excluídos. RESULTADOS: O estudo envolveu 80 pacientes, com idade média de 68,4 ± 14,1 anos. Os pacientes ASA II foram prevalentes com 69,6% dos casos, os escores APACHE II e POSSUM foram em média, respectivamente, 13,6 ± 4,4 e 37,5 ± 11,4. A hemoglobina média no momento da transfusão era 8,2 ± 1,8 g.dL-1 e 19% dos pacientes apresentavam hemoglobina maior que 10 g.dL-1. Os pacientes receberam em média 2,2 ± 0,9 UI de concentrados de hemácias. A mortalidade hospitalar foi 26,3%. As complicações pós-transfusões totalizaram 57,5% dos casos no pós-operatório e a mais freqüente foi infecção. Foram fatores independentes de morte na regressão logística os escores APACHE II (OR = 1,34; IC 95% 1,102 - 1,622, POSSUM (OR = 1,08; IC 95% 1,008 - 1,150 e número de unidades de concentrados de hemácias recebidas (OR = 2,22; IC 95% 1,100 - 4,463. Quanto maior o número de transfusões sangüíneas, maiores as incidências de complicações e mortalidade. CONCLUSÕES: O valor de hemoglobina e o número de unidades de concentrados de hemácias utilizados foram elevados comparados com os estudos que preconizam estratégias restritivas. Foi encontrada nesta amostra alta incidência de complicações, principalmente infecções, e elevada

  7. Freqüências dos grupos sangüíneos e incompatibilidades ABO e RhD em puérperas e seus recém-nascidos Frequencies of blood groups, ABO and Rh D incompatibility in post-delivery women and their liveborn

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    Eduardo Baiochi

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar as freqüências fenotípicas e predizer o risco de incompatibilidade e aloimunização materna RhD na população da Zona Oeste de São Paulo, Brasil. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo no qual avaliamos 2372 puérperas e seus recém-nascidos vivos, no período de um ano, tipificadas para os sistemas ABO e RhD por meio de teste de aglutinação em tubo. RESULTADOS: O estudo mostrou os seguintes percentuais: grupo sangüíneo O, 50,67%; A, 32,17%; B, 13,45%; AB, 3,71%; RhD(+, 90,34% e RhD(-, 9,66%. A ocorrência de incompatibilidade materno-fetal foi de 18,4% para o sistema ABO e de 7% para o RhD. CONCLUSÃO: O contingente da população Rh negativa com alto risco para aloimunização RhD foi estimado em 82%, denotando a importância da profilaxia da aloimunização RhD.OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the frequency of different blood phenotypes and to predict the risk of Rh D alloimmunization and maternal-fetal incompatibility in a Brazilian population living in the West zone of the city of São Paulo - Brazil. METHODS: This descriptive study evaluated 2,372 post-delivery women and their liveborn during one year. Blood types were analyzed by means of tube agglutination tests. RESULTS: The blood type frequencies were: 50.67 O, 32.17 A, 13.45 B, 3.75 AB, 90.34 Rh D(+ and 9.66 Rh D(-. ABO maternal-fetal incompatibility was detected in 18.4% and Rh D incompatibility in 7%. CONCLUSION: The fraction of Rh D(- population at high risk for Rh D alloimmunization was 82%, emphasizing the importance of Rh D alloimmunization profilaxis.

  8. Parâmetros sangüíneos e urinários, no pré e pós parto, de búfalas criadas em sistema exclusivo de pastejo The blood and urinary values in the pre and pos-parturient period of buffaloes, kept on exclusive pasture feeding

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    Carlos Magno Chaves de Oliveira

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Foi avaliada a ocorrência de alterações nas concentrações de glicose sanguínea, proteína plasmática total, hematócrito e presença de corpos cetônicos na urina de oito búfalas leiteiras da raça Murrah, com idade variando entre 5 e 10 anos, com no mínimo duas lactações, clinicamente sadias, desde 60 dias antes até 60 dias pós-parto. As concentrações médias de glicose sangüínea e o valor médio do hematócrito diminuíram significativamente no pós-parto (pEight lactating buffaloes of the Murrah breed were used from 60 days before up to 60 days after calving, in order to evaluate alterations in the concentration of blood glucose, total plasmatic protein, haematocrit and the presence of ketonic bodies in the urine. The 5 to 10- year old buffaloes were clinically healthy and had had at least two lactations. During the experimental period the animals were maintained on Brachiaria brizantha pasture and supplemented with a mineral mixture and water.The media concentrations of blood glucose and the media values of the haematocrit diminished significantly after calving (p<0,05. The concentrations of total plasmatic protein did not show significant variation during the pre and post-calving period. The ketonic bodies in the pre-calving period were only detected in the urine of one buffaloe, but after the 32nd day of lactation ketonic bodies were detected in all animals. There was a direct relationship between the color of the urine positive by the Rothera test and blood glucose concentrations. It can be concluded that at the beginning of lactation the buffaloes had an energetic deficit, characterized by a decline of blood glucose concentrations and the presence of ketonic bodies in the urine, and that lactation caused a progressive decline of the hematocrit, but that the concentration of total plasmatic protein did not vary during the pre and post-calving period.

  9. Distribuição fenotípica e a freqüência genotípica do sistema sangüíneo Duffy em pacientes com a doença de Jorge Lobo Phenotypic distribution and genotypic frequency of the Duffy blood group system in Jorge Lobo's disease patients

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    Eliane A. Silva

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available A doença de Jorge Lobo é uma micose cutânea e subcutânea de evolução crônica, causada pelo Lacazia loboi. Os mecanismos envolvidos na suscetibilidade/resistência do hospedeiro frente ao agente não estão ainda elucidados, dentre eles encontra-se a constituição genética. Portanto, o objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar a distribuição fenotípica do grupo sangüíneo Duffy em pacientes com doença de Jorge Lobo e calcular suas freqüências gênicas. Foram analisados 21 pacientes, 13 caucasóides e oito mestiços (tipo moreno claro, provenientes do estado do Acre, e 44 indivíduos, não acometidos por esta doença, habitantes da cidade de Rio Branco (AC, como grupo controle. O fenótipo Duffy foi definido pela presença dos antígenos nas hemácias pela reação de aglutinação dos eritrócitos com anti-soros anti-Fya e anti-Fyb incubando-se a 37ºC e aplicando-se o teste da antiglobulina humana. Os resultados mostram que a distribuição fenotípica do sistema Duffy nos pacientes difere significativamente daquela observada nos controles, pela alta freqüência de indivíduos com fenótipo Fy(a-b-. Observa-se claramente que os pacientes apresentam maior freqüência do alelo FY e menor do alelo FYA do que os controles. O alelo FYB (não inclui os alelos que não são expressos tem praticamente a mesma freqüência nos dois grupos. Com relação à comparação entre distribuição do grupo sangüíneo Duffy com as formas clínicas, sugere maior número de pacientes com forma localizada da doença de Jorge Lobo apresentando um predomínio do fenótipo Fy(a-b+ seguido do fenótipo Fy(a-b- e inexistência do fenótipo Fy(a+b-. Por outro lado, temos a forma disseminada com maior incidência de fenótipo Fy(a+b-. A forma multifocal foi menos expressiva. Desse modo, podemos inferir uma provável prevalência de fenótipo Duffy negativo na região por nós estudada e os poucos dados disponíveis até o momento tornam clara a necessidade de

  10. Alterações gastrointestinais no diabetes mellitus: estresse oxidativo e fluxo sangüíneo da artéria mesentérica - estudo experimental Gastrointestinal alterations in diabetes mellitus: oxidative stress and blood flow in the superior mesenteric artery - experimental study

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    Alexandre Simões Dias

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available RACIONAL: Os sintomas gastrointestinais são freqüentes no diabetes mellitus e podem estar relacionados com o estresse oxidativo, que é definido pelo desequilíbrio entre os sistemas pró-oxidante e o antioxidante. OBJETIVO: Avaliar algumas das alterações gastrointestinais no modelo de diabetes mellitus, como o estresse oxidativo no estômago e no fígado de animais diabéticos e o fluxo sangüíneo na artéria mesentérica superior em diferentes tempos de estudo. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Os parâmetros utilizados para verificar o estresse oxidativo no fígado e no estômago foram a mensuração da lipoperoxidação, através das técnicas das substâncias reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico e da quimiluminescência e a avaliação da atividade das enzimas antioxidantes catalase, superóxido dismutase e glutationa transferase. Utilizaram-se ratos machos Wistar, pesando entre 250-350 g, que foram divididos em quatro grupos: grupo I - 7 dias de diabetes, grupo II- 30 dias de diabetes, grupo III - 60 dias de diabetes e grupo IV - 90 dias de diabetes. O diabetes foi induzido por administração de estreptozotocina 70 mg/kg intraperitonialmente. RESULTADOS: Houve aumento significativo na lipoperoxidação no estômago e no fígado de animais diabéticos somente no tempo de 90 dias. No estômago, foi encontrada significativa diminuição na atividade das enzimas antioxidantes catalase e glutationa transferase. No fígado, somente a enzima glutationa transferase apresentou diminuição significativa. Houve aumento no fluxo da artéria mesentérica superior dos animais diabéticos com 90 dias, quando comparados aos animais-controle. CONCLUSÕES: É possível supor que o aumento no estresse oxidativo no estômago e no fígado e a alteração no fluxo sangüíneo da artéria mesentérica superior sejam influenciados pelo tempo de diabetes e pela hiperglicemia encontrada nos animais estudados, o que determinaria as alterações gastrointestinais

  11. Parâmetros ruminal, sangüíneo e urinário e digestibilidade de nutrientes em novilhas leiteiras recebendo diferentes níveis de monensina Effects of different dietary levels of monensin on nutrient digestibility and on ruminal, blood and urinary metabolites in dairy heifers

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    Marcus Vinicius Morais de Oliveira

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se verificar a influência da inclusão de diferentes níveis do ionóforo monensina sódica na dieta sobre os parâmetros ruminal, sangüíneo e urinário e a digestibilidade aparente em novilhas leiteiras. Foram coletadas amostras de líquido ruminal (imediatamente antes e duas horas após a alimentação, sangue, urina e fezes de 28 novilhas da raça Holandesa mantidas em regime de confinamento por 84 dias. As dietas possuíam 32,84% de concentrado (grão de milho, farelo de soja, uréia e mistura mineral, 33,58% de silagem de milho e 33,58% de cana-de-açúcar na matéria seca. Os níveis de ionóforo avaliados foram 0, 14, 28 e 42 mg de monensina/kg de matéria seca da dieta. O experimento foi instalado conforme delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com quatro tratamentos e sete repetições, realizando-se estudos de regressão e contrastes ortogonais. Antes da alimentação, a monensina não influenciou o pH ruminal e a concentração de amônia e dos ácidos acético, propiônico e butírico, mas promoveu redução da relação acetato:propionato. Duas horas após a alimentação, verificou-se redução do pH e da relação acetato:propionato; e aumento da concentração de ácido propiônico. O estudo de contrastes revelou que ocorreu diminuição da concentração de amônia antes da alimentação. Não foram verificadas mudanças significativas nas concentrações de glicose e uréia sangüínea. A monensina também não influenciou os consumos de matéria seca (MS, matéria orgânica, proteína bruta, extrato etéreo (EE, carboidratos totais (CHOT e fibra em detergente neutro. As digestibilidades da MS, EE e CHOT e a perda de nitrogênio urinário apresentaram respostas quadráticas.The objective of this trial was to study the effects of different dietary levels of the ionophore monensin on apparent digestibility of nutrients and on ruminal, blood, and urinary metabolites in dairy heifers. Samples of ruminal fluid (pre

  12. Avaliação do efeito de sopas desidratadas ricas em fibras na redução do colesteroal sangüíneo em ratos Evaluation of the cholesterol-lowering efect of high-fiber dehydrated soup in rats

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    Hercia Stampini Duarte

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo foi avaliado o efeito de quatro formulações dietéticas ricas em fibra solúvel na redução de colesterol sangüíneo em ratos. As formulações foram preparadas com farinha de soja desengordurada, farelo de aveia, cebola desidratada, fibra de soja, condimentos e aromas. Duas das formulações continham feijão preto FP(+ e FP(-, nos níveis de 40 e 30%, respectivamente. As outras duas continham feijão vermelho FV(+ e FV(-, nesses mesmos teores. Foram utilizados seis grupos de oito ratos machos, com peso médio inicial de 200g. O grupo Padrão recebeu dieta basal. O grupo Controle recebeu dieta de composição semelhante à Padrão, porém, acrescida de 1% de colesterol cristalino e 0,1% de ácido cólico. As demais dietas foram semelhantes ao grupo Controle, substituídas pelas formulações FV(+, FP(+, FV(- e FP(-, de modo a fornecerem 7,4% de fibra total da dieta. Ratos alimentados com dieta do grupo Controle apresentaram aumento significativo dos níveis de colesterol sérico, peso dos fígados, colesterol e lipídio total das fezes e dos fígados, em relação ao grupo recebendo dieta Padrão. As dietas FV(+, FP(+, FV(- e FP(-, não diferiram entre si quanto ao efeito nos níveis de lipídios séricos e glicose, no peso e lipídio total dos fígados e no peso, umidade e nitrogênio das fezes. No entanto, reduziram significativamente os níveis sangüíneos de colesterol total em 29,0%, os níveis de HDL - colesterol em 34,0%, o peso dos fígados em 11,7% e o colesterol do fígado em 9,0% em relação à dieta Controle. As dietas de feijão vermelho proporcionaram maior redução de colesterol no fígado e maior excreção de lipídio e colesterol nas fezes comparadas com as de feijão preto.The effect of 4 high fiber dietary formulas on reducing blood cholesterol levels in rats was evaluated in the present study. The products were formulated with defatted soy flour, oat bran, dehydrated onion, soy fiber and spices. Two of

  13. Interferência dos ácidos graxos ômega-3 nos lipídeos sangüíneos de ratos submetidos ao exercício de natação Omega-3 fatty acids interference on the blood lipids of rats subjected to swimming exercise

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    Bettina Moritz

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar os efeitos da suplementação com ácidos graxos ômega-3, nas doses de 0,5 e 1,0g/kg/dia, nos lipídeos sangüíneos de ratos submetidos ou não ao protocolo do nado. MÉTODOS: Ratos Wistar foram divididos em grupos: controle, controle+nado, ácidos graxos ômega-3 e ácidos graxos ômega-3+nado. Os ácidos graxos ômega-3 e ácidos graxos ômega-3+nado receberam suplementação; os demais receberam água por gavagem. Os controle+nado e ácidos graxos ômega-3+nado foram submetidos ao exercício. Foram avaliadas as concentrações plasmáticas de colesterol total, triglicérides e lipoproteína de alta densidade, antes e após os procedimentos experimentais. RESULTADOS: No protocolo de 0,5g/kg/dia, em relação às concentrações de colesterol total, foi observada redução significativa proporcionalmente maior no grupo ácidos graxos ômega-3+nado, apesar de o grupo controle+nado e o ácidos graxos ômega-3 também terem apresentado diminuição. No ensaio de 1,0g/kg/dia todos os grupos apresentaram uma diminuição que foi maior, respectivamente, no ácidos graxos ômega-3+nado e, a seguir, no ácidos graxos ômega-3. Quanto aos triglicérides, foram encontradas reduções em todos os grupos experimentais, que foi maior no grupo ácidos graxos ômega-3+nado, do protocolo de 0,5g/kg/dia, enquanto que no de 1,0g/kg/dia a diminuição foi significativa apenas nos grupos ácidos graxos ômega-3 e ácidos graxos ômega-3+nado. Quanto ao HDL, no protocolo de 0,5g/kg/dia foi encontrado aumento nos animais que não foram suplementados, enquanto que em todos os grupos de 1,0g/kg/dia houve uma diminuição do HDL. CONCLUSÃO: A suplementação com ácidos graxos ômega-3 nas doses 0,5 ou 1,0g/kg/dia, associada ao nado, reduzem as concentrações plasmáticas de colesterol total e triglcérides, mas estudos adicionais, também com outras doses, são necessários para a compreensão da relação entre a ingestão de óleo de peixe e

  14. Metabolismo miocárdico após cardioplegia sangüínea hipotérmica retrógrada contínua com indução anterógrada normotérmica Myocardial metabolism after hypothermic retrograde continuous blood cardioplegia with anterograde warm cardioplegic induction

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    Claudio G. Sobrosa

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar as alterações sofridas pelo miocárdio durante a cardioplegia sangüínea hipotérmica retrógrada contínua com a adição da indução cardioplégica anterógrada normotérmica. MÉTODO: Análise metabólica da cardioplegia sangüínea hipotérmica retrógrada contínua com indução anterógrada normotérmica em estudo prospectivo de 15 pacientes consecutivos. Amostras de sangue arterial e do seio coronário foram simultaneamente colhidas para análise do conteúdo de oxigênio e da concentração de lactato. Quatro biópsias miocárdicas foram obtidas para análise dos níveis de ATP, ADP, AMP e lactato no miocárdio. A isoenzima CK-MB foi analisada no sangue venoso. RESULTADOS: Não houve mortalidade no grupo. Nenhum paciente necessitou de suporte inotrópico na saída de CEC e não foi detectado IAM per ou pós-operatório. Ocorreu diminuição da extração artério-venosa do lactato e do oxigênio pelo coração durante a reperfusão, havendo uma recuperação parcial ao final de 60 minutos de reperfusão. Os níveis miocárdicos de ATP e de seus nucleotídeos foram mantidos durante o pinçamento aórtico, porém houve redução destes nos primeiros 30 minutos de reperfusão. O lactato acumulou-se no músculo cardíaco durante o pinçamento aórtico, havendo redução durante a reperfusão. CONCLUSÕES: Concluímos por uma análise metabólica que o método não conseguiu evitar o metabolismo anaeróbico durante o período de pinçamento aórtico e que somente com 60 minutos de reperfusão foi observado um grau de recuperação metabólica satisfatória. Provavelmente essas alterações são devido à injúria isquêmica celular ocorrida durante o pinçamento aórtico e parecem ter efeito transitório. Observamos melhora da proteção miocárdica com o acréscimo da indução cardioplégica anterógrada normotérmica.OBJECTIVE: To determinate the alterations suffering by myocardium in the hypothermic retrograde

  15. EVALUATION OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF RIVER KRISHNA, SANGLI MAHARASHTRA

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    A.B. Sarwade

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Krishna river is the major lotic system and has human interference through emersion of idols, irrigation, domestic use, discharge of sewage, sand dredging, etc. by which water quality get changed. Assessment of temperature, pH, total alkalinity, turbidity, chloride, hardness, Carbon dioxide, dissolved oxygen, calcium, phosphate, total solids and total dissolved solids were carried out monthly during January, 2011 to December, 2013. Results showed significant alterations in the physicochemical parameters. The analyzed data of water body was interpreted in relation to pollution status and biodiversity indices for assessment of aquatic fauna.

  16. PAKU ALAM V: SANG ARISTO-MODERNIS DARI TIMUR

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    Sudibyo Sudibyo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper recites Paku Alam V figures as an ambiguity subject and a cultural paradox. He lived in a kingdom economic crisis and a rapid flow of changes in politics, economy, laws, and lifestyle aspects which is caused by other colonial social elements. The analysis focuses on psychological, religious, and cultural aspects which form his personality. To achieve the goal, it uses post colonialism concerning in contact zone, textual studies and historical context. The textual studies are used to explain the role modernization in genealogy, consistence, and Paku Alam V mind revolution. The historical context is used to explain the historical background, especially related to zeitgeist, when Paku Alam V implemented his ideas.Keywords: aristocrat, paradox, text, context. Tulisan ini mengkaji sosok Paku Alam V sebagai subjek ambiguitas dan paradoks kebudayaan. Ia hidup di tengah krisis ekonomi kerajaan dan arus perubahan yang deras di bidang politik, ekonomi, hukum dan gaya hidup yang dihembuskan oleh kekuasaan dan elemen-elemen masyarakat kolonial lainnya. Analisis difokuskan pada aspek-aspek psikologis, religious, dan kultural yang membentuk pribadinya. Untuk mencapai tujuan itu, digunakan teori poskolonialisme tentang zona kontak dan kajian teks serta konteks sejarah. Kajian teks  digunakan untuk menjelaskan peran modernisasi dalam   genealogi, konsistensi, dan evolusi atau revolusi pemikiran P.A. V. Konteks sejarah digunakan untuk menjelaskan latar belakang sejarah, khususnya yang berkaitan dengan zeitgeist saat P.A. V mengimplementasikan gagasan-gagasannya. Kata kunci: aristrokat, modernis, paradoks, teks, konteks 

  17. Mata Ketiga: Se Laen, Sang Pembebas Sistem Pendidikan Tinggi Akuntansi

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    Iwan Triyuwono

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of the study are to criticize the existing accounting education especially in Indonesian universities and to give an alternative idea for a better one. It is done as there is a strong indication that accounting education is driven by intellectual intelligence, market, and other artificial interests. Through a deconstruction approach and critical analysis, the study suggests the internalization of “Mata Ketiga” (the Third Eye in accounting curriculum. Mata Ketiga, that refers to spiritual intelligence, is “the Other” that is consciously entered to the singularity of intellectual intelligence of modern curriculum. Under the internalization of Mata Ketiga, accounting education can be emancipated from the domination of intellectual intelligence, market, and other artificial interests. By doing so, the education may guide an accounting student to find his/her “real self” without neglecting contemporary accounting competence.

  18. "Jõulujazzi" kõige "jazzim" kontsert / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2011-01-01

    29. novembrist kuni 17. detsembrini toimunud festivali kontsertidest, pikemalt 11. detsembril Vene Kultuurikeskuses kontserdist, kus esinesid trummar Francis Lassus, saksofonist Philippe Sellam ja bassist Linley Marthe

  19. Résistance osmotique et phosphatides du sang

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brinkman, Robert

    1922-01-01

    1. La détermination de la résistance osmotique des globules sanguins se faisait, jusqu'iei, presque toujours au moyen d'une solution de NaCl pure. Or, d'un point de vue de biologie générale une telle solution doit être considérée comme peu appropriée à ce genre de recherches, parce qu'elle exerce un

  20. Eesti muusika otsis uusi radu rahvusvahelisse muusikamaailma / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2009-01-01

    26.-28. märtsini toimunud festivalist Tallinn Music Week, kus osales 65 kohalikku ansamblit ja mida külastasid sajad muusikatööstuse esindajad Euroopast. Festivali muljeid jagavad peakorraldaja Helen Sildna, Soome ajakirja Rumba ajakirjanik Janne Flinkkilä, Norra plaadifirma Smalltown Supersound juht Joakim Haugland ja Soome-Inglise muusikamänedžer Paul Cheetham

  1. THE DAY ON WHICH THE PARLIAMENT SANG: AESTHETIC EXPERIENCE POSSIBILITIES

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    Otacílio Vaz

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available On August 23 2009, there was a public hearing to address issues related to Carioca funk at the Legislative Assembly of Rio de Janeiro. Composers, musicians, dancers and other professionals in the style, mostly people from the outskirts of the city, were present there to fight for better working conditions and better recognition of this cultural movement. This paper analyzes from the point of view of the theorist Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht on the aesthetic experiences lived on that day. To assist this research, authors such as Howard Becker, Michael Herschmann, Norbert Elias, Adriana Carvalho Lopes and others, have been summoned here.

  2. Viscoélasticité du sang et du caillot

    OpenAIRE

    Ghiringhelli, Etienne

    2014-01-01

    Blood is a complex fluid set into flow by the heart, which is a very low power pump (approximately 1 W), in a connected network consisting of several thousand kilometers of vessels. To do so, it seems reasonable that the mechanical properties of blood contribute to the maintenance of the flow. In spite of the important number of studies on blood rheology, the viscoelasticity of blood has never been characterized in simple shear. The physiological role of the blood clot is to avoid an excessiv...

  3. "Jõulujazzi" kõige "jazzim" kontsert / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2011-01-01

    29. novembrist kuni 17. detsembrini toimunud festivali kontsertidest, pikemalt 11. detsembril Vene Kultuurikeskuses kontserdist, kus esinesid trummar Francis Lassus, saksofonist Philippe Sellam ja bassist Linley Marthe

  4. Measurement of the reaction 2H(e,e') at 180 degrees close to the deuteron breakup threshold.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryezayeva, N; Arenhövel, H; Burda, O; Byelikov, A; Chernykh, M; Enders, J; Griesshammer, H W; Kalmykov, Y; von Neumann-Cosel, P; Ozel, B; Poltoratska, I; Pysmenetska, I; Rangacharyulu, C; Rathi, S; Richter, A; Schrieder, G; Shevchenko, A; Yevetska, O

    2008-05-01

    Inclusive inelastic electron scattering off the deuteron under 180 degrees has been studied at the S-DALINAC close to the breakup threshold at momentum transfers q=0.27 fm;{-1} and 0.74 fm;{-1} with good energy resolution sufficient to map in detail the spin flip M1 response, which governs the starting reaction pn-->dgamma of big-bang nucleosynthesis over most of the relevant temperature region. Results from potential model calculations and (for q=0.27 fm;{-1}) from pionless nuclear effective field theory are in excellent agreement with the data.

  5. Military Authoritarian Regimes and Economic Development: The ROK’s Economic Take-Off Under Park Chung Hee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    connection exists between modernization and authoritarian regimes? Talcott Parsons was the foremost advocate of social evolutionism. According to his...and the Personalization of Power in Malaysia," Comparative Politics 36, no. 1 (Oct. 2003), 81-101. 2 Talcott Parsons , Theories of Society...Foundations of Modern Sociological Theory (New York: Free Press of Glencoe, 1961). 3 Max Weber and Talcott Parsons , The Theory of Social and Economic

  6. Serum DDT in malaria vector control sprayers in Mato Grosso State, Brazil DDT em soro sangüíneo de agentes de saúde da Fundação Nacional de Saúde no Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil

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    Eliana Freire Gaspar de Carvalho Dores

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available DDT was used intensively in vector control programs in Mato Grosso State until 1997. The present study aimed to determine DDT concentrations in blood samples from Brazilian National Health Foundation workers in Mato Grosso. Blood samples were analyzed from 41 sprayers, 20 drivers, and 14 unexposed workers, collected in June 1999 and October 2000 in two regions of the State (Sinop and Cáceres. Sprayers and drivers were occupationally exposed, and no significant differences were found in serum DDT levels between these two groups in either region. Likewise, no significant differences were found in p,p'DDE and total DDT levels between Cáceres and Sinop. However, p,p'DDT levels were higher in Sinop due to the intensive use of this insecticide in the region in recent years. The two regions together showed the following results: total DDT ranging from 7.50µg/L to 875.5µg/L (median = 135.5µg/L for sprayers; from 34.5µg/L to 562.3µg/L (median = 147.7µg/L for drivers; and from undetected to 94.8µg/L (median = 22.5µg/L for unexposed workers.O uso de DDT em campanhas de saúde pública foi intenso em Mato Grosso, tendo sido suspenso em 1997. Este estudo objetivou determinar os níveis de DDT em amostras de sangue de funcionários da Fundação Nacional de Saúde de Mato Grosso. Foram analisadas 41 amostras de soro sangüíneo de agentes de saúde, 20 de motoristas e 14 de trabalhadores não expostos coletadas em julho de 1999 e outubro de 2000 em duas regiões do Estado (Sinop e Cáceres. Os agentes de saúde e os motoristas estiveram ocupacionalmente expostos, não havendo diferença significativa entre os resultados destes dois grupos nas duas regiões. Não foram encontradas diferenças significativas nos teores de p,p'DDE e DDT total entre os resultados das duas regiões, entretanto, os níveis de p,p´DDT foram significativamente maiores no Distrito de Sinop devido ao fato do DDT ter sido mais intensamente usado neste distrito em anos mais

  7. Estudo prospectivo e randomizado entre cardioplegia sangüínea com reperfusão quente (37ºC e o pinçamento intermitente da aorta na revascularização do miocárdio Randomized controlled trial between blood cardioplegia with warm reperfusion and intermittent aortic cross-clamping in myocardial revascularization

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    Luís Roberto Gerola

    1991-08-01

    Full Text Available No Instituto do Coração, foi realizado um estudo prospectivo e randomizado entre a utilização de cardioplegia sangüínea com reperfusão aquecida e enriquecida com aspartate e glutamato e o pinçamento intermitente da aorta na revascularização do miocárdio. Sessenta pacientes foram operados, sendo 30 com cardioplegia (Grupo C e 30 com pinçamento intermitente da aorta (Grupo P. Não houve diferenças quanto aos antecedentes patológicos e as condiçõs clínicas pré-operatórias. Quinze pacientes estavam em classe funcional III ou IV (Angina no grupo C e 20 no grupo P. Seis pacientes apresentavam aneurisma do ventrículo esquerdo, três em cada grupo, e nove pacientes eram reoperações. No grupo C foi realizada uma média de 2,93 enxertos por paciente e no grupo P de 3,13. O tempo de circulação extracorpórea no grupo P foi de 85 ± 23 min e no grupo C de 100 ± 2 8 min (p A prospective and randomized study was performed to compare blood cardioplegia with warm reperfusion to intermittent aortic cross-clamping in the myocardial revascularization. Sixty patients were operated upon, 30 with blood cardioplegia (Group I and 30 with aortic cross-clamping (Group II. There were no differences between the two groups in regard to preoperative data. Fifteen patients were in NYHA class III or IV (angina in the group I and 20 patients in the group II. Six patients had left ventricular aneurysms, three in each group. An average number of 2.93 grafts per patient were performed in the group I and 3.13 in the group II. The cardiopulmonary bypass time was 85 ± 23 min in the group II and 100 ± 28 min in the group I (p < 0.05. The aortic cross-clamping time was 44.3 ± 14.9 min in the group II and 62.8 ± 24.5 min in the group I (p < 0.01. The average ischemic time per anastomosis in the group II was 8.6 ± 2.2 min. The postoperative variations of the cardiac index, left ventricular stroke work index and right ventricular stroke work index were

  8. Variedades de feijão e seus efeitos na qualidade protéica, na glicemia e nos lipídios sangüíneos em ratos Varieties of beans and their effects on protein quality, glicemy, and blood lipids in rats

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    Dagnith Liz Bejarano Luján

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O feijão representa importante fonte de proteína e pode auxiliar na modulação dos níveis de glicose e lipídios sangüíneos. Objetivou-se avaliar o valor protéico e funcional de variedades de feijão. Para a qualidade protéica foram usados 7 grupos (n = 6 de ratos recém desmamados: um recebeu dieta aprotéica por 14 dias e os demais, dietas contendo 9-10% de proteína como caseína ou como um dos feijões (Ouro Branco, Pérola, BRS Radiante, Diamante Negro e Talismã. No segundo experimento, 4 grupos (n = 10 de ratos adultos receberam dietas de caseína, Ouro Branco, Diamante Negro e Talismã por 28 dias. Ouro Branco apresentou maior Coeficiente de Eficiência Protéica (PERr = 61,18% do que os demais e o BRS Radiante o menor (PERr = 44,60%. Quanto à Razão Protéica Líquida (NPR e à digestibilidade, não houve diferença (p > 0,05 entre os grupos, variando de 67,05 a 78,19% e de 78,70 a 84,88%, respectivamente. As dietas de Diamante Negro e Talismã promoveram redução da glicemia de 30 e 26%, respectivamente, em relação à caseína, não sendo, porém, significativa; não houve diferença (p > 0,05 entre os grupos quanto aos níveis séricos de colesterol e triacilgliceróis. Assim, de acordo com as necessidades apresentadas pelas populações, suas demandas nutricionais e funcionais podem ser supridas por diferentes feijões.Beans are important source of protein in the Brazilian staple food and may modulate the blood glucose and lipid levels. The objective of this study was to evaluate the protein quality and functional properties of varieties of beans. Seven groups (n = 6 of weaning rats were used for the bean protein quality analysis. The first group was fed protein-free diet for 14 days, and the remaining were fed diets with 9 to 10% protein provided by either casein or one of the 5 varieties of beans (Ouro Branco, Pérola, BRS Radiante, Diamante Negro, and Talismã. In a further study, 4 groups (n = 10 of adult rats were

  9. Bloodstream infections among patients using central venous catheters in intensive care units Infección de corriente sanguínea en pacientes con catéter venosos central en unidades de cuidado intensivo Infecções da corrente sangüínea em pacientes em uso de cateter venoso central em unidades de terapia intensiva

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    Eni Rosa Aires Borba Mesiano

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Central Venous Catheters (CVC, widely used in Intensive Care Units (ICU are important sources of bloodstream infections (BSI. This prospective cohort epidemiological analytical study, aimed to infer the incidence of BSI, the risk factors associated and evaluate the care actions related to the use of these catheters in seven ICU in the Federal District - Brasília, Brazil. From the 630 patients using CVC, 6.4% developed BSI (1.5% directly related to the catheter and 4.9% clinic BSI. The hospitalization term was 3.5 times greater among these patients. Different modalities of catheter insertion and antiseptic substances use were observed. Time of CVC permanence was significantly associated to infection incidence (pLos catéteres venosos centrales (CVC utilizados principalmente en unidades de cuidados intensivos - UCIs, son importantes fuentes de infección de la corriente sanguínea (ICS. Este estudio epidemiológico analítico, de corte prospectivo, enfoca la incidencia de ICS, factores de riesgo asociados y medidas asistenciales relacionadas con el uso de estos catéteres en 7 UCIs del Distrito Federal. Del total de 630 pacientes con CVC, 6,4% presentaron ICS (1,5% relacionado al catéter y 4,9% ICS-Clínica. El tiempo de hospitalización fue 3,5 veces mayor para este grupo de pacientes. Fueron observadas diferentes conductas con relación a la inserción de catéteres y al uso de antisépticos. El tiempo de permanencia del CVC estuvo asociado a la incidencia de infección (pOs cateteres venosos centrais (CVC, utilizados, principalmente em unidades de terapia intensiva-UTIs, são importantes fontes de infecção da corrente sangüínea (ICS. Este estudo epidemiológico analítico, tipo coorte prospectiva, enfoca a incidência de ICS, fatores de risco associados e ações assistenciais relacionadas ao uso desses cateteres em 7 UTIs no Distrito Federal. Dos 630 pacientes com CVC, 6,4% apresentaram ICS (1,5% relacionadas ao cateter e 4,9% ICS

  10. Study on Intervention Effect of Sang-Ji Mixture in TLR-4 Expression on Peripheral Blood Monocytes in Hypertensive Patients with Overabundant Liver-fire and Phlegm Syndrome%桑蒺合剂干预高血压病(肝火亢盛夹痰证)患者外周血单核细胞表面TLR4表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左可可; 张明俊; 顾宁

    2014-01-01

    This study was aimed to observe the effect of Sang-Ji (SJ) mixture in the treatment of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) expression on peripheral blood monocytes (PBMCs) in hypertensive patients. A total of 60 cases of hyper-tensive cases with overabundant liver-fire and phlegm syndrome were randomly divided into the treatment group and the control group with 30 cases in each group. Both groups received Felodipine and/or Benazapril treat-ment. The treatment group was added with SJ mixture. The observation duration was 28 days. The detection was made on indicators such as blood pressure , traditional Chinese medicine ( TCM ) syndrome scores and TLR-4 ex-pression on PBMCs before and after treatment. The results showed that after treatment, the blood pressure, TCM syndrome scores and TLR-4 expression on PBMCs of both groups decreased compared with that of the pretreat-ment . Changes on TCM syndrome scores and TLR-4 expression of the treatment group were more significant than that of the control group ( P < 0 . 05 ) . It was concluded that SJ mixture improved clinical symptoms in pa-tients with overabundant liver-fire and phlegm syndrome , decreased TLR-4 expression on PBMCs , in order to inhibit the immune response to a certain extent .%目的:评价桑蒺合剂干预高血压病(肝火亢盛夹痰证)患者外周血单核细胞表面 Toll 样受体4(TLR4)表达的作用。方法:60例高血压肝火亢盛夹痰证患者,随机分为治疗组和对照组各30例,均给予非洛地平或联合贝那普利治疗,治疗组加用桑蒺合剂,观察周期28天,检测治疗前后血压、中医证候积分、外周血单核细胞表面TLR4表达。结果:治疗后两组患者血压水平、中医证候积分、TLR4表达均较治疗前降低,其中治疗组中医证候积分、TLR4表达较对照组改变更明显(P<0.05)。结论:桑蒺合剂可改善肝火亢盛夹痰证患者的临床症状,减少外周血单核细胞表面TLR4表达,在

  11. Transcranial doppler in sickle cell anaemia: evaluation of brain blood flow parameters in children of Aracaju, Northeast - Brazil Doppler transcraniano em portadores de anemia falciforme: estudo dos parâmetros de fluxo sangüíneo cerebral em crianças de Aracaju, Sergipe

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    Hyder Aragão de Melo

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Environmental factors interfere on sickle cell anaemia (SCA. Transcanial Doppler (TCD is important to evaluate cerebrovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate brain haemodynamic profile of children with SCA in Sergipe. METHODS: Cross sectional study (group1: SCA patients aged 3-18; group2: age and sex matched healthy individuals. Baseline brain flow was evaluated. RESULTS: Group1=34 patients; group 2=81 controls. SCA patients had mean velocity (MV=125.69 cm/s±23.40; pulsatility index (PI=0.66±0.10; middle cerebral artery ratio (MCAr=14.53±15.23; right anterior cerebral artery/right middle cerebral artery=0.77±0.20; left anterior cerebral artery/left middle cerebral artery=0.78±0.20. Controls had MV=79.44±15.54; PI=0.82±0.11; MCAr=13.19±13.77; right anterior cerebral artery/right middle cerebral artery=0.80±0.16; left anterior cerebral artery/left middle cerebral artery=0.84±0.18. MV and PI differences were statistically significant between groups. MV was related to age but not to gender. CONCLUSION: MV evaluation using TCD was similar to international standards and possible to be used in our setting.INTRODUÇÃO: Aspectos ambientais interferem na apresentação da anemia falciforme (AF. Doppler transcraniano (DTC é útil na avaliação do risco para doença cerebrovascular em pacientes com AF. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o perfil hemodinâmico cerebral de crianças com AF em Sergipe. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal (grupo1: portadores de AF 3-18 anos; grupo2: indivíduos saudáveis, pareados por idade e gênero. Foram avaliadas medidas de fluxo sangüíneo cerebral basal. RESULTADOS: Grupo1 (n=34: velocidade média (Vm=125,69 cm/s ±23,40; índice de pulsatilidade (Ip=0,66±0,10; relação entre artéria cerebral média (ACMs=14,53±15,23; artéria cerebral anterior (ACA/ACM direita=0,77±0,20; ACA/ACM esquerda=0,78±0,20. Grupo 2 (n=81: Vm=79,44 cm/s ±15,54; Ip=0,82±0,11, relação entre ACMs=13,19±13,77, ACA/ACM direita=0,80±0

  12. Balanço eletrolítico e níveis de proteína bruta sobre parâmetros sangüíneos e ósseos de frangos de corte aos 21 dias de idade Electrolyte balance and crude protein levels on blood and bone parameters of 21 days broiler chicks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Medeiros Vieites

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Foi realizado um experimento com o objetivo de determinar os melhores valores de balanço eletrolítico (BE para frangos de corte de 1 a 21 dias. Utilizaram-se 2.112 pintinhos da marca comercial Ross, machos, criados em boxes de galpão de alvenaria, cobertos com maravalha e alimentados com duas rações basais, uma com 20 e outra com 23% de proteína bruta (PB à base de milho e de farelo de soja, combinadas com níveis de BE de 00; 50; 100; 150; 200; 250; 300 e 350 mq/kg. Foi utilizado delineamento experimental inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial 8x2 (oito níveis de BE e dois níveis de PB, seis repetições e 22 aves por unidade experimental. Avaliaram-se os níveis sangüíneos de cálcio, fósforo e proteínas totais aos 21 dias de idade. As cinzas, o cálcio, o fósforo, o potássio, o sódio e o magnésio dos ossos também foram quantificados. Aos 21 dias de idade, os melhores valores estimados de BE foram 168 (20% PB e 245 (23% PB mEq/kg para o cálcio no sangue. O valor de BE obtido para o menor nível de proteínas totais foi de 189 (23% PB mEq/kg. Os melhores valores de BE no sangue foram os pontos de mínimo na curva de regressão. O melhor valor de BE para o cálcio no tibiotarso foi de 132 mEq/kg (23% PB. O BE da dieta deve situar-se entre 150 e 200 mEq/kg para frangos de corte de 1 a 21 dias de idade.An experiment was conducted to determine the best electrolyte balance (EB for broiler chicks from one to 21 days of age, based on blood and bone parameters. One day old chicks, male, Ross were reared on floor covered with shaving woods and fed with two corn-soybean meal based diet with 20 and 23% of crude protein (CP combined with 0; 50; 100; 150; 200; 250; 300 and 350 mEq/kg of EB. The experiment was analised as a completely randomized design in a factorial arrangement of treatments (two CP levels and eight EB with six replicates of 22 chicks each. It were evaluated blood levels of calcium, phosphorus and total proteins

  13. Comparison of different protocols for the bovine viral diarrhea virus detection by RT-PCR in pools of whole blood and blood serum artificially contaminated/ Comparação de diferentes protocolos para a detecção do vírus da diarréia viral bovina por RT-PCR em grupos de sangue total e de soro sangüíneo, artificialmente contaminados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amauri A. Alfieri

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The RT-PCR technique was optimized and evaluated to detect the 5’ untranslated region of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV from clinical samples that consisted of blood serum and whole blood artificially contaminated with the NADL strain of BVDV. To optimization of technique, the following conditions were evaluated: i two pairs of primers, 103 / 372 (WEINSTOCK et al., 2001 and 324 / 326 (VILCEK et al., 1994, ii four methods of nucleic acid extraction (phenol/chloroform/isoamyl alcohol; silica/guanidine isothiocyanate; a combination of the two previous methods; and TRIzol™ and iii different concentrations and compositions of reagents and time/temperature of the reactions. Between the alternatives tested that resulted in the amplification of the 290 bp product that was easily visualized in ethidium bromide stained 2% agarose gel was that presented the following conditions: i primers 103 and 372; ii initial volume and clinical sample: 50 mL of blood serum; iii extraction of nucleic acid: silica/guanidine isothiocyanate method; iv reverse transcription: 9 mL extracted nucleic acid, 1xPCR buffer (20 mM Tris-HCl pH 8.4 and 50 mM KCl, 1.5 mM MgCl2; 60 units of reverse transcriptase enzyme M-MLV, RNA denaturation at 97°C / 4 min, and reverse transcription at 42°C / 30 min; v PCR: primers 103 / 372 with anneling temperature at 59°C. The utilization of RT-PCR within these optimized conditions allowed the amplification of the BVDV NADL strain (103,56 TCID50 from pools of artificially contaminated blood serum until the dilution 1:160.A técnica da RT-PCR foi otimizada e avaliada para a detecção da região 5’ terminal não-traduzida do genoma do vírus da diarréia viral bovina (BVDV em amostras clínicas de bovinos, constituídas por soro sangüíneo e sangue total, artificialmente contaminadas com a estirpe NADL do BVDV. Para a otimização da técnica foram avaliados: i dois pares de primers, 103 / 372 (WEINSTOCK et al., 2001 e 324 / 326

  14. The pulmonary vascular blood supply in the pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and its implications in surgical treatment O suprimento sangüíneo vascular pulmonar na atresia pulmonar com comunicação interventricular e suas implicações no tratamento cirúrgico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulisses Alexandre Croti

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: With base in the studies cineangiocardiography of pacients with pulmonary atresia (PA with ventricular septal defect (VSD, to identify in the groups proposed by BARBERO MARCIAL, subgroups with similar morphological characteristics, to measure their central pulmonary arteries (CPA and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCA, thereby establishing their implications in surgical treatment. METHOD: Sixty three patients were classified in groups A (15, B (40 and C (8 between january 1990 and june 2001. Patients with complete cineangiocardiograms prior to the first surgical intervention were included in this study, being calculated the pulmonary arterial index (PAI, the major aortopulmonary collateral arterial index (MAPCAI and the total neopulmonary arterial index (TNPAI = PAI + MAPCAI. Surgical treatment was considered palliative (PT, definitively palliative (DPT and definitive (DT. RESULTS: Nine subgroups were identified, A (A1 and A2, B (B1, B2, B3, B4 and B5 and C (C1 and C2. In group A, the PAI of patients for DT was higher than for PT patients (p=0,0092. In group B, the TNPAI of DT patients was greater than for PT patients (p=0,0959. In group C, the MAPCAI in DPT patients was lower than in PT and DT patients. In the group A was not mortality, in the group B was of 17,5% and in the group C was of 12,5%. CONCLUSIONS:Among the groups A, B e C was possible to identifiy nine subgroups, the morphologic and morphometric characteristics allowed to suggest the surgical treatment in the patients of the group A had larger chance of TD, the group B of TP and the group C of TPD. The mortality presented larger correlation with the morphologic characteristics that with the morphometric.OBJETIVO: Com base nos estudos cineangiocardiográficos de pacientes portadores de atresia pulmonar (AP com comunicação interventricular (CIV, identificar nos grupos propostos pela classificação de BARBERO MARCIAL, subgrupos com suprimento sang

  15. Hábito alimentar, níveis de lipídios sangüíneos e o status antioxidante de adultos jovens fumantes e não fumantes Food habits, blood lipid levels and antioxidant status of young adults smokers and non-smokers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellencristina da Silva Batista

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar o hábito alimentar, os níveis dos lipídios sangüíneos e o status antioxidante de jovens fumantes e não fumantes. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo transversal em que 68 indivíduos, de 18 a 26 anos, emparelhados por sexo e idade, foram divididos em dois grupos: fumantes (n=34 e não fumantes (n=34. Os voluntários selecionados em instituições de ensino, em Viçosa (MG foram questionados quanto a: hábito de fumar, consumo de bebidas alcoólicas e atividade física; também foi estimada a dependência nicotínica. O hábito alimentar foi avaliado por questionário de freqüência de consumo. Quantificaram-se níveis séricos de lipídios, nível plasmático de malondialdeído, vitamina E e vitamina C. RESULTADOS: Os jovens começaram a fumar precocemente, independentemente do sexo. O hábito de fumar foi estratificado e encontrou-se 58,8% de fumantes leves e 41,2% de fumantes pesados. Os fumantes apresentaram hábitos alimentares inadequados e consumo freqüente de bebida alcoólica. De acordo com a recomendação do International Physical Activity Questionnaire 69% dos fumantes eram ativos e 27,6% eram muito ativos. Não se observou diferença significante na concentração sérica de lipídios entre fumantes e não fumantes. No grupo de fumantes mulheres, verificou-se correlação positiva entre o número de cigarros fumados por dia e os triglicerídeos séricos (r=0,824 e p=0,0001 e também entre o tempo que fumavam em anos e o nível de colesterol total (r=0,523 e p=0,031. Os fumantes apresentaram concentração inferior de vitaminas E e C (p=0,002 e p=OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the food habits, blood lipid levels and antioxidant status of young adult smokers and non smokers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study divided 68 individuals aged 18 to 26 years, matched for age and sex, into two groups: smokers (n=34 and non-smokers (n=34. The individuals, selected from schools in Viçosa (MG, were asked about

  16. Estudo da utilização no pré-operatório de medicamentos ou drogas fitoterápicas que alteram a coagulação sangüínea Study of the use of medicaments or herbal medicines in the preoperative that alter the blood coagulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Willians Baena Destro

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar com que freqüência medicamentos eou drogas fitoterápicas que interferem na coagulação sangüínea são utilizados por pacientes que serão submetidos à intervenção cirúrgica e cujo uso não é relatado ao cirurgião; ou quando este é informado não se recomenda a sua interrupção antes da operação. MÉTODO: Estudo quantitativo com variáveis qualitativas, transversal, sobre o uso de medicamentos (AAS e Vitamina E e fitoterápicos (Ginkgo biloba, Alho, Ginseng e Gengibre por parte de 416 pacientes em programação pré-operatória. Desenvolvido no Hospital Universitário de Taubaté (HUT no Hospital Regional de Taubaté (HRT e em um Consultório Particular de Cirurgia Plástica. Estes dados foram obtidos por meio de questionário com perguntas relacionadas ao uso ou não das drogas referidas no último ano e nos 10 dias que antecediam a operação, se o cirurgião foi informado do fato e se houve recomendação médica para a sua suspensão. RESULTADOS: do total pesquisado 58,89% não fizeram uso de alguma das drogas em questão, 39% as usaram no último ano e 13,83% usaram nos últimos 10 dias. O AAS foi o medicamento mais utilizado e dentre os fitoterápicos, o Ginkgo biloba. Do total pesquisado 73,69% dos pacientes não informaram ao cirurgião o uso destas drogas. CONCLUSÕES: Na população estudada é elevada a porcentagem do uso de drogas que interferem na coagulação sanguínea, sendo as mais utilizadas o AAS, a vitamina E e o Ginkgo biloba. A maioria dos pacientes pesquisados não informou ao cirurgião a sua utilização. Deve-se enfatizar a necessidade de pesquisar o uso dessas drogas no pré-operatório, com o objetivo de reduzir possíveis complicações hemorrágicas per e pós-operatórias, pelas suas complicações médicas e eventuais implicações legais.BACKGROUND: To verify the frequency usage of nonprescription drugs and/or herbal medicines that coud interfere with blood coagulation. Also it

  17. Revascularização cirúrgica do miocárdio com enxerto composto de artérias torácica interna esquerda e radial: comparação do fluxo sangüíneo para artéria coronária esquerda com a técnica convencional Coronary artery bypass grafting with composite grafts: comparison of blood flow to the left coronary artery with the conventional technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josué V. Castro Neto

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Os enxertos compostos têm sido freqüentemente utilizados na cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio (RM. Entretanto, permanece indefinido se essa técnica é capaz de oferecer o mesmo fluxo sangüíneo (Q aos ramos da artéria coronária esquerda (CE que a técnica convencional. O objetivo é comparar o Q total aos ramos revascularizados pelas artérias torácica interna esquerda (ATIE e radial (AR nas técnicas compostas e convencional. MÉTODO: Estudamos 42 pacientes distribuídos, aleatoriamente, conforme a técnica de RM utilizada. Grupo A ou ATIE e AR composta em Y(n=14. Grupo B ou ATIE e AR composta modificada [enxerto intercoronariano com AR e anastomose da ATIE sobreposta a AR ao nível da artéria interventricular anterior (DA, n=14]. Grupo C ou ATIE pediculada para DA e AR em posição aorto-coronariana (n=14. Trinta e um pacientes foram submetidos a fluxometria (Fx com cateter-guia doppler de 12-MHz (0,014 polegada, Flowire, Jometrics Inc., no pós-operatório imediato. A reserva de fluxo coronariano (RFC foi calculada pela determinação da média da velocidade de pico (APV em hiperemia após administração de adenosina. RESULTADOS: A APV em repouso no início da ATIE foi, no grupo A, 28,4±4,8 cm/s; no grupo B, 34,4±7,9 cm/s (p=0,0384 x C e, no grupo C, 25,8± 8,6 cm/s. A RFC foi de 2,1 ± 0,4, 2 ± 0,3 e 2±0,4 nos grupos A, B e C, (p=0,7208. O Q total distribuído aos ramos da CE revascularizados foi, no grupo A, 110±30 ml/min, no grupo B, 145±59 ml/min e, no grupo C, 133±58 ml/min (p=0,3232 A, B x C. CONCLUSÕES: Não houve diferença significativa do Q total oferecido ao território da CE revascularizado pelas técnicas de EC e convencional. A RFC da ATIE nos grupos compostos foi satisfatória.BACKGROUND: Composite grafting techniques for coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG have been widely used. However, it remains unclear whether this technique provides similar blood flow to the left coronary artery

  18. Journal Of The Korean Hydrogen Energy Society 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-11-15

    This book is the Journal of the Korean hydrogen energy society, which includes study on the improvement of the electrochemical characteristics of surface-modified V-Ti-Cr alloy by Ball-milling by Kim, Jin Ho; Lee, Sang Min; Lee, Ho; Lee, Paul S. and Lee, Jai Young, hydrogen generation from water using cds-zns photocatalysts by Heo, Gwi Suk, characteristics of Y-Hx Film by Cho, Young Sin; Kim, Sun Hee, and effect of Cu powder as a compacting material on the discharge characteristics of the negative electrode of Ni-MH battery by Jung, J. H.; Han, Y. S.; Yu, J. S.; Jang, K. J.; Lee, J. Y.

  19. Uudised : Kellad orelis. RAM laulab Tubinat. Washingtoni Ülikooli Kammerkoor / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2000-01-01

    18. juunil toimub Tallinna Toomkirikus kontsert "Kellad orelis", kus esitletakse ka I. Maidre samanimelist CD-plaati. E. Tubina 95. sünniaastapäeva tähistatakse täna kontserdiga Tallinna Jaani kirikus. TÜ aulas esineb täna Washingtoni Ülikooli Kammerkoor

  20. Uudised : Hortus Musicus Moskvas. TPÜ naiskoor koorikonkursil. RAM samal laval Mark Knopfleriga. "Tuuleveskid. Kerkokell" / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2000-01-01

    Hortus Musicus esines 23. ja 24. nov. Moskvas. TPÜnaiskoor võitis II preemia XVII rahvusvahelisel F.Schuberti nim. koorikonkursil Austrias. RAM esineb 8. dets. Helsingis Hartwall Areenas heategevuskontserdil. RAM esineb 6. dets. Estonia kontserdisaalis kavaga "Tuuleveskid. Kerkokell"

  1. Sange fra Vestkysten – en overset side af populærmusikken i Danmark

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niels Kayser Nielsen

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Det vestjyske musikmiljø, på kysten fra Grænsen til Skagen, henlever en stille tilværelse i den danske kulturelle offentlighed og er med enkelte markante undtagelser næsten ukendt på den populærkulturelle musikscene. Denne artikel er et forsøg på at give mæle til et populærkulturelt marginalområde af Danmark; ikke for at placere det i en offerrolle, men snarere for at komplettere billedet af dansk musikkultur ved at pege på en center/periferi-tilgang. Nærmere bestemt foretages der analyser af de tematikker – kærlighed, politik, arbejde, kristentro, hjemstedsfornemmelse – der er så fremtrædende i den vestjyske musikkultur. Det er en grundtanke, at en opmærksomhed på også denne del af dansk musikliv er ønskværdig i henseende til udformningen af et kulturelt demokrati med henblik på en ligeværdig anerkendelse. 

  2. SURGA DALAM MIMESIS: REPRESENTASI SURGA DALAM CERPEN SANG PENDETA DAN KEKASIHNYA KARYA YUKIO MISHIMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akun

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Mimesis is the representation of reality. This writing focuses on the analysis of three different representations of heaven in a short story The Preacher and His Lover by Yukio Mishima. The first representation is from the narrators interpretation, stressing on the existence of an ideal heaven in common peoples point of view, employing this worldly measurement in describing the ideal heaven. The second representation comes from Great Preacher with his view that the represented heaven is a place where he can enjoy the earthly and bodily enjoyment that he avoids in this world. And lastly, the representation from the Great Concubine who puts forward a contradictory (especially with the Great Preacher point of view that the dreamed heaven is not at all the enjoyment that people experience in this world.

  3. Contribution a la modelisation et simulation numerique de l ecoulement du sang dans l artere

    CERN Document Server

    Alla, H; Bensaid, M H

    2009-01-01

    Numerous are the questionings raised by medicine interventionnelle, concerning the hold in charge of the pathologies of the arterial partition (aneurysm, dissection, coarctation, atherosclerosis).for it we made the modeling and the numeric simulation of the blood flow in the renal artery taken by the Medical imagery. Geometry has been rebuilt from the medical pictures of angiography, angioscanner and IRM. While considering that blood like a fluid Newtonian and stationary flow. The results gotten in terms of the physical parameters as the velocity, the dynamic pressure is shown that the simplest case was enough to collect relevant data for the development of stenos or thrombosis in the arteries.

  4. Crème de la crème / Joel Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joel, 1950-

    2011-01-01

    Auhinnažürii esimees iseloomustab Eesti Kultuurkapitali kirjandusauhindade laureaate: Indrek Koff (luule), Maarja Kangro (proosa), Urmas Vadi (näitekirjandus), Toomas Haug (esseistika), Lauri Sommer (vabaauhind), Amar Annus (ilukirjanduslik tõlge võõrkeelest eesti keelde), Ilmar Lehtpere (ilukirjanduslik tõlge eesti keelest võõrkeelde), Kristiina Kass (lastekirjandus), Sergei Issakov (venekeelse autori kirjandusauhind) ja Mart Velsker (artikliauhind)

  5. Uudised : Muusikaline ringreis Mustpeades. Plaat kannelde ja kitarride kvartetilt. Jõulumuusika / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2000-01-01

    Stuudio Cantores Vagantese kontserdist Mustpeade Majas 18. dets. Uuest heliplaadist "Holy Lake". Euroraadio jõulukontserdi otseülekandest Estonia kontserdisaalist 17. dets. 9. dets. Kadrioru lossis toimunud UNICEFi heategevuskontserdist. 17. dets. toimub Adamson-Ericu muuseumis kontsert sarjast "Barokkmaastikud". M. Voitese kontserdist Pärnus. TAMi uuest heliplaadist "Anno Domini", jõulukontserdist 23. dets. Kaarli kirikus

  6. Sügis : [luuletused] / Mihhail Lermontov ; tlk. Marie Under, Villem Daniel, August Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lermontov, Mihhail, 1814-1841

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Sügis ; Monoloog ; Sõbrale ; Albumisse ; Eleegia ; Kevad ; Üksindus ; Minu maja ; Lained ja inimesed ; Stantsid ; "Kuigi arm on mind hüljanud ammu..." ; "Kui õhtul kaeblik leinakell..." ; Kuulsus ; "Võib-olla meenutad kord mind..." ; Ingel ; Romanss J...le ; "Kord saabub päev, kui kõigi süüdistatud..." ; "Kus mühavad Dnepri jõe rahutud vood..." ; "Mull̀ armas sinimägi-voor..." ; "Su ees ei saa ma alanduma..." ; Epitaaf ; "Ei, Byron, see ei ole ma..." ; "Aeg on südamele vaga..." ; "Ma õnne taevastelt ei palu..." ; Poeedi surm ; Vang ; Naaber ; "Kui kollendavad põllud lainetavad valla..." ; "Ma leidsin teise kaunitari..." ; "Ei taha, et mu saladust..." ; Poeet ; Ära usu end ; A. J. Odojevski mälestuseks ; Kolm palmi ; Palve ; Testament ; "Nii tihti pidudel, kus kirju hulk on koos..." ; Miks ; On igav ja kurb ; M. A. Shtsherbatovale ; Õhulaev ; Lapsele ; Pilved ; "Poolmaski alt täis saladust ja külma..." ; Kalju ; "Astun üksipäini oma rada..." ; Prohvet ; Leping ; "Ei, mitte sind ei imetle ma nii..." ; Puri. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 575

  7. Faust. Pühendus : [luuletused] / Johann Wolfgang von Goethe ; tlk. Marie Under, August Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 1749-1832

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Faust. Pühendus ; Aardekaevur ; Cophta laul ; Hall sompus hommik ; Thule kuningas ; Kohtumine ja hüvastijätt ; Mailaul ; "Ma koltund väljadele rühin ; Retsensent ; Kannike ; Christel ; Kunstniku õhtulaul ; Uus armastus, uus elu ; Lottchenile ; Järvel ; Mäelt ; Amulett ; Ränduri öölaul : "Kes sa tead, oh taevane..." ; Meresõit ; Julgustus ; Kirjast Auguste zu Stolbergile ; Kuule ; Manitsus ; Inimsoo piirid ; Vaimude laul vete kohal ; Ränduri öölaul : "Harjadel püha..." ; Öömõtted ; Metsavaim ; Kandlemängija : "Kes pole leiba söönud, silmad vees..." ; Reisivarustus ; Jumalik ; Mignon : "Kas maad sa tead, kus apelsinipuul..." ; Pühendus ; Charlotte von Steinile ; Esimene kaotus ; Külaskäik ; Ketraja ; Mignon : "Miks vastust nõuad? Vaikida mul lase..." ; Kandlemängija : "Uste taha hiilin sala..." ; Armastatu lähedus ; Mignon : "Et ükskord olla, pean ma näima..." ; Lahkumine ; Kestvus vahelduses ; Aastad ; Õnnis igatsus ; Märts ; Rännulaul ; Parabaas ; Üks ja kõik ; Testament

  8. My Baby Sang Lan——As Recited by Her Father

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    I looked forward to having a daughter when my wife was expecting;I longed the birth of a beautiful angel. I imagined her cute face andI swore that I would dress her up after she came to this world,hoping that people everywhere would praise her beauty and loveliness.

  9. Faust. Pühendus : [luuletused] / Johann Wolfgang von Goethe ; tlk. Marie Under, August Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 1749-1832

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Faust. Pühendus ; Aardekaevur ; Cophta laul ; Hall sompus hommik ; Thule kuningas ; Kohtumine ja hüvastijätt ; Mailaul ; "Ma koltund väljadele rühin ; Retsensent ; Kannike ; Christel ; Kunstniku õhtulaul ; Uus armastus, uus elu ; Lottchenile ; Järvel ; Mäelt ; Amulett ; Ränduri öölaul : "Kes sa tead, oh taevane..." ; Meresõit ; Julgustus ; Kirjast Auguste zu Stolbergile ; Kuule ; Manitsus ; Inimsoo piirid ; Vaimude laul vete kohal ; Ränduri öölaul : "Harjadel püha..." ; Öömõtted ; Metsavaim ; Kandlemängija : "Kes pole leiba söönud, silmad vees..." ; Reisivarustus ; Jumalik ; Mignon : "Kas maad sa tead, kus apelsinipuul..." ; Pühendus ; Charlotte von Steinile ; Esimene kaotus ; Külaskäik ; Ketraja ; Mignon : "Miks vastust nõuad? Vaikida mul lase..." ; Kandlemängija : "Uste taha hiilin sala..." ; Armastatu lähedus ; Mignon : "Et ükskord olla, pean ma näima..." ; Lahkumine ; Kestvus vahelduses ; Aastad ; Õnnis igatsus ; Märts ; Rännulaul ; Parabaas ; Üks ja kõik ; Testament

  10. Crème de la crème / Joel Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joel, 1950-

    2011-01-01

    Auhinnažürii esimees iseloomustab Eesti Kultuurkapitali kirjandusauhindade laureaate: Indrek Koff (luule), Maarja Kangro (proosa), Urmas Vadi (näitekirjandus), Toomas Haug (esseistika), Lauri Sommer (vabaauhind), Amar Annus (ilukirjanduslik tõlge võõrkeelest eesti keelde), Ilmar Lehtpere (ilukirjanduslik tõlge eesti keelest võõrkeelde), Kristiina Kass (lastekirjandus), Sergei Issakov (venekeelse autori kirjandusauhind) ja Mart Velsker (artikliauhind)

  11. The Effect of Fuel Injector Nozzle Configuration on JP-8 Sprays at Diesel Engine Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    The Effect of Fuel Injector Nozzle Configuration on JP-8 Sprays at Diesel Engine Conditions by Matthew Kurman, Luis Bravo, Chol-Bum Kweon...Fuel Injector Nozzle Configuration on JP-8 Sprays at Diesel Engine Conditions Matthew Kurman, Luis Bravo, and Chol-Bum Kweon Vehicle Technology...March 2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE The Effect of Fuel Injector Nozzle Configuration on JP-8 Sprays at Diesel Engine Conditions 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b

  12. Método simplificado para manutenção da concentração sangüínea de propofol em nível aproximadamente constante, associado ao óxido nitroso no paciente pediátrico Método simplificado para manutención de la concentración sanguínea de propofol en nivel aproximadamente constante, asociado al óxido nitroso en el paciente pediátrico Simplified method to maintain propofol blood concentration in an approximately constant level associated to nitrous oxide in pediatric patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Thadeu Galvão Vianna

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A manutenção de concentração sangüínea alvo-controlada em níveis aproximadamente constantes do propofol é uma técnica que pode ser empregada de modo simplificado na sala de cirurgia. A finalidade desta pesquisa é comparar clínica e laboratorialmente a infusão de propofol em crianças usando os atributos farmacocinéticos de Short e de Marsh. MÉTODO: Foram estudados 41 pacientes com a idade de 4 a 12 anos, de ambos os sexos, estado físico ASA I ou II, distribuídos em dois grupos S (20 pacientes e M (21 pacientes. No Grupo S utilizaram-se os atributos farmacocinéticos de Short, e no Grupo M, os atributos farmacocinéticos de Marsh. A indução anestésica foi feita com bolus de alfentanil 30 µg.kg-1, propofol 3 mg.kg-1 e pancurônio, 0,08 mg.kg-1 por via venosa. Procedeu-se a intubação traqueal e a manutenção com N2O/O2 (60% em ventilação controlada mecânica. No grupo S a infusão de propofol foi de 254 (30 min seguido de 216 µg.kg-1.min-1 por mais 30 min. No grupo M a infusão de propofol foi de 208 (30 min seguido de 170 µg.kg-1.min-1 por mais 30 min. Através do atributo farmacocinético específico a cada grupo a meta foi a obtenção da concentração-alvo de 4 µg.kg-1 de propofol. Foram colhidas três amostras sangüíneas (aos 20, 40 e 60 minutos para a dosagem do propofol pelo método da Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Performance. RESULTADOS: Os Grupos S e M foram considerados similares quanto à idade, altura, peso e sexo (p > 0,05. Não houve diferença estatística significativa entre os dois grupos estudados para os parâmetros: PAS, PAD, FC, FiN2O, SpO2 da hemoglobina e P ET CO2 no final da expiração. A comparação entre grupos no número de bolus repetidos de alfentanil não foi estatisticamente significativa. O índice bispectral (BIS não apresentou diferença estatisticamente significativa entre M0 (vigília e os demais momentos em ambos os grupos. Os valores Medianos da

  13. Valores hematológicos e identificação morfo-citoquímica de células sangüíneas de capivaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochoeris parasitadas por carrapatos e capivaras livres de infestação - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v25i1.2116 Hematological values and morpho-cytochemical blood cells identification of tick parasited capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochoeris and capybaras free of parasitism - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v25i1.2116

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antenor Aguiar Santos

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Amostras de sangue foram colhidas de 37 capivaras parasitadas por carrapatos e de 21 capivaras livres de infestação para a identificação dos diferentes tipos celulares circulantes e para realização de hemograma. Após análise morfológica, as células sangüíneas foram identificadas como heterófilos, eosinófilos, basófilos, linfócitos, monócitos e plaquetas. A reação de PAS demonstrou glicogênio no citoplasma dos heterófilos e plaquetas. Reação positiva para mieloperoxidase e lipídeos foi demonstrada apenas nos grânulos citoplasmáticos esféricos dos heterófilos e em todos os grânulos citoplasmáticos dos eosinófilos. O método do azul de bromofenol revelou reação fortemente positiva nos grânulos de heterófilos, eosinófilos, basófilos e nas hemácias. Reação positiva para fosfatase alcalina foi observada nos heterófilos e eosinófilos. Os valores hematimétricos que mostraram diferenças estatisticamente significantes (p6/µL e 2,81±0,62 x 106/µL, hematócrito (48.14±4.75% e 41,22±6.21%, e, na contagem diferencial, os heterófilos (39,38±11,02% e 16,14±7,13% e, eosinófilos (8,57±3,78% and 21,92±10,24%. Os carrapatos foram identificados como Amblyomma cajenense and Amblyomma cooperi. As capivaras altamente infestadas por esses carrapatos apresentaram anemia e uma eosinofilia marcante.Blood samples were collected from thirty seven adult parasited capybaras and twenty one free of parasitism aiming the characterization of different circulating cell types and complete hemogram. After a morphological analysis, the blood cells were identified as heterophils, eosinophils, basophils, lymphocytes, monocytes and platelets. The PAS reaction revealed glycogen in heterophils and platelets cytoplasm. A positive reaction was found only in heterophils round granules and in all cytoplasmic granules of eosinophils for the demonstration of myeloperoxidase activity and lipids. The bromofenol blue method revealed strong

  14. Evaluación metodológica de la relación entre presión arterial sanguinea y pliegue cutáneo: un enfoque epidemiológico Evolução metodológica da relação entre pressão arterial sangüínea e prega cutânea: um enfoque epidemiológico Methodological evaluation of the relation between arterial blood pressure and skinfold: an epidemiological approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Rosenthal

    1989-08-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan las conclusiones de la revisión de varios trabajos que estudian la relación entre ciertas características antropométricas (pliegue del tríceps, adiposidad y circunferencia del brazo y la presión arterial sanguinea. Después de analizar críticamente la calidad de diversos estudios basándonos en el diseño del estudio, la calidad de las mediciones y el tipo de análisis estadísticos, se encontró que en los trabajos elegidos la asociación entre el pliegue cutáneo del tríceps y la presión arterial se relaciona con tres características demográficas. Sin embargo, la pregunta sobre la independencia de esta asociación aún permanece sin respuesta. Se discute el efecto del panículo adiposo del brazo sobre la medición de la presión arterial. Se hacen una serie de recommendaciones para la medición estandarizada de la presión arterial con el fin de uniformizar el procedimiento de medida clínica y de investigación epidemiológica en esta área.Foi elaborada revisão de vários trabalhos que estudam a relação entre certas características antropométricas (prega do tricípite, adiposidade e circunferência do braço e a pressão arterial sangüínea. Após analisar criticamente a qualidade de diversos estudos, com base no desenho do estudo, na qualidade das medições e no tipo de análises estatísticas, verificou-se que, nos trabalhos selecionados, a associação entre prega cutânea do tricípite e a pressão arterial relaciona-se com três características demográficas. A questão da independência dessa associação ainda permanece sem resposta. Discute-se o efeito da membrana adiposa do braço sobre a medida da pressão arterial. Faz-se série de recomendações para a padronização da medida de pressão arterial com a finalidade de uniformizar o procedimento na clínica e na investigação epidemiológica.The empirical evidence concerning the relationship between blood pressure and anthropometric characteristics

  15. Single dose pharmacokinetics of the novel transdermal donepezil patch in healthy volunteers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim YH

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Yo Han Kim,1 Hee Youn Choi,1 Hyeong-Seok Lim,1 Shi Hyang Lee,1 Hae Sun Jeon,1 Donghyun Hong,2 Seong Su Kim,2 Young Kweon Choi,2 Kyun-Seop Bae1 1Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 2iCure Pharmaceutical lncorporated, Anseong, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea Background: Donepezil is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor indicated for Alzheimer’s disease. The aim of this randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled, single-dose, dose-escalation study was to investigate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of the donepezil patch in healthy male subjects. Methods: Each healthy male subject received a single transdermal donepezil patch (72 hours patch-on periods of 43.75 mg/12.5 cm2, 87.5 mg/25 cm2, or 175 mg/50 cm2. Serial blood samples were collected up to 312 hours after patch application. The plasma concentrations of donepezil were determined by using a validated liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry method. Pharmacokinetic parameters were obtained by noncompartmental analysis. Tolerability of the patches and performance of the patches (adhesion, skin irritation, residual donepezil content in the patch were assessed throughout the study. Results: The study was completed by 36 healthy subjects. After patch application, the maximal plasma donepezil concentration (Cmax and the area under the curve (AUC increased in a dose-proportional manner. Median time to Cmax was ~74–76 hours (~2–4 hours after patch removal, and mean t1/2ß was ~63.77–93.07 hours. The average donepezil residue in the patch after 72 hours was ~73.9%–86.7% of the loading dose. There were neither serious adverse events nor adverse events that lead to discontinuation. Skin adhesion of the patch was good in 97.2% of the subjects. All skin irritations after patch removal were mild and were resolved during the study period. Conclusion: The donepezil patch

  16. The effect of clove-based herbal mouthwash on radiation-induced oral mucositis in patients with head and neck cancer: a single-blind randomized preliminary study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kong M

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Moonkyoo Kong,1 Deok-Sang Hwang,2 Seong Woo Yoon,3 Jinsung Kim4 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, 2Department of Korean Medicine Obstetrics & Gynecology, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, 3Department of Korean Internal Medicine, Korean Medicine Cancer Center, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, 4Department of Korean Internal Medicine, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea Purpose: This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of clove-based herbal mouthwash in ameliorating radiation-induced oral mucositis in patients with head and neck cancer. Methods: Fourteen patients were prospectively enrolled in this study and randomized to either an experimental group or a control group. The patients of the experimental group swished their mouths with a clove-based herbal mouthwash during radiotherapy (RT, while the patients of the control group swished with clear water. The primary end point of this study was incidence of radiation-induced oral mucositis. The secondary end points were time to onset of radiation-induced oral mucositis, duration of radiation-induced oral mucositis, incidence of supplemental nutrition through feeding tube, maximum pain score, body weight loss, incidence of RT interruption, and duration of RT interruption. Results: The use of clove-based herbal mouthwash shortened the duration of grade ≥2 mucositis (24.3 days vs 37.1 days, P=0.044 and reduced body weight loss during RT (3.1% vs 7.4%, P=0.023 compared with clear water. The use of clove-based herbal mouthwash also reduced the incidence of grade 3 mucositis (28.6% vs 57.1%, supplemental nutrition (0% vs 28.6%, and RT interruption (14.3% vs 28.6%, and reduced the duration of grade 3 mucositis (5.1 days vs 17.7 days and RT interruption (1 days vs 8.5 days. In addition, clove-based herbal mouthwash

  17. Projecte constructiu d'un parc eòlic al Coll de Poca sang (Colera, Alt Empordà)

    OpenAIRE

    Planas Bosch, Lluis

    2013-01-01

    Construcció d'un parc eòlic a la Ribera de Molinars, entre el Parc Natural d'Albera i el municipi de Colera. La direcció de la ribera és Oest-Est i això propicia que els molins estiguin encarats al vent de Tramuntana. La ribera desemboca creuant pel mig el municipi de Colera. Subjecte a Medi Ambient, el projecte requereix un Estudi d'impacte ambiental (zona groga).

  18. Uudised : Marko Martini konkursiedu Kanadas. "Con brio" lõppkontserdile 6 esinejat. Tublid noored trompetistid / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2000-01-01

    M. Martin pälvis II koha III Esther Honensi nim. pianistide konkursil Kanadas. Konkursi "Con brio" lõppvooru pääsejatest. N. ja J.Ots olid edukad I rahvusvahelisel noorte trompetistide konkursil Jekabpilsis Lätis

  19. Luthers salmer i vækkelsesbevægelsernes sang- og salmebøger 1890-2000

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balslev-Clausen, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Artiklen gør rede for brugen af Luthers salmer i danske vækkelsesbevægelsers og ungdomsorganisationers sangbøger 1890-2000......Artiklen gør rede for brugen af Luthers salmer i danske vækkelsesbevægelsers og ungdomsorganisationers sangbøger 1890-2000...

  20. Hematologia e bioquímica sangüínea do boto Vermelho Inia Geoffrensis (de Blainville, 1817)

    OpenAIRE

    Mello, Daniela Magalhães Drummond de

    2006-01-01

    Os golfinhos de rio estão entre os cetáceos menos conhecidos e mais ameaçados do mundo. O boto vermelho (Inia geoffrensis) é endêmico e amplamente distribuído nas bacias dos rios Amazonas e Orinoco. Visando aumentar conhecimento sobre a biologia básica e fisiologia do mesmo, o presente trabalho reporta os parâmetros hematológicos e bioquímicos de 109 botos de vida livre da Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Mamirauá. As colheitas foram realizadas durante o mês de novembro de 2004 e 2005. ...

  1. Kumma Kauksi Ülle kotusa - kas sangü vai paadi - kommunikatsioon um kimmämp / Tiia Allas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allas, Tiia

    2000-01-01

    Eestik. pealk.: Kumma Kauksi Ülle koha - kas sängi või paadi - kommunikatsioon on kindlam? Kokkuvõte eesti k. lk. 215-216. Kokkuvõte inglise k. lk. 298-299. Kauksi Ülle romaanist "Säng" (1997) ja jutukogust "Paat" (1998)

  2. Jevgeni Onegin. Proloog : [luuletused] / Aleksandr Puškin ; tlk. Betti Alver, August Sang, Paul-Eerik Rummo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puškin, Aleksandr

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Jevgeni Onegin. Proloog ; Tshaadajevile ; Uuestisünd ; "Ju päeva viimne valgus suri..." ; "Ju õhtus aeglaselt kaob kerge pilveviir..." ; Muusa ; Kümnes käsk ; Vang ; "Kes, lained, peatas teie hoo..." ; "Kui lootusrikkalt siis jääks maha maine ring..." ; Deemon ; Eluvanker ; Merele ; Kuulsuse ihaldus ; A. P. Kernile ; Talveõhtu ; Pihtimus ; Hoidjale ; "Mind valdab õnn, kui selja taha jätta..." ; Talvine tee ; "Ööhämarus on juudionnis..." ; "All kaevandeis, kus lasub öö..." ; "Maailma laias, kurvas stepis toovad..." ; Arion ; Poeet ; "Kesk ülikuid poeedi hooleks..." ; 19. oktoobril 1827 ; Talisman ; Sõpradele ; "Veel puhuvad jahedad tuuled..." ; Eelaimus ; Lill ; Ended ; "On talv. Mis teha maal? Ma pärin teenrilt aru..." ; Talvehommik ; "Kui viibin pühakoja pingis..." ; "Mu nimest sinule mis jääb? ; Poeedile ; Eleegia ; Värsid, mis loodud unetul ööl ; Mustlased ; "Ei hinda kalliks ma bakhandi noore hoogu..." ; Kaja ; "Ei endist rõõmu tunne hing..." ; Kaunitar ; "Peas hoidku jumal mõistus mul..." ; Ööbik ; "...Käisin jällegi..." ; "Ausamba rajasin ma endal̀ eluaegu..." ; Jevgeni Onegin XLIX, L, LI : katkendid värssromaanist. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 517

  3. V dvuh strofah 1-7 : [luuletused] / August Sang ; lühibiograafia: A. K. [Ain Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, August, 1914-1969

    1999-01-01

    Sisu: V dvuh strofah 1-7 ; Kolõbelnaja ; Doroga / tlk. Leon Toom ; Pesn ob oboze ; Poslednaja usluga ; Vospominanije / tlk. A. Golemba. Orig.. Kahe stroofiga ; Hällilaul ; Teekond ; Laul järelväest ; Mälestus

  4. Uudised : Marko Martini konkursiedu Kanadas. "Con brio" lõppkontserdile 6 esinejat. Tublid noored trompetistid / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2000-01-01

    M. Martin pälvis II koha III Esther Honensi nim. pianistide konkursil Kanadas. Konkursi "Con brio" lõppvooru pääsejatest. N. ja J.Ots olid edukad I rahvusvahelisel noorte trompetistide konkursil Jekabpilsis Lätis

  5. Jevgeni Onegin. Proloog : [luuletused] / Aleksandr Puškin ; tlk. Betti Alver, August Sang, Paul-Eerik Rummo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puškin, Aleksandr

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Jevgeni Onegin. Proloog ; Tshaadajevile ; Uuestisünd ; "Ju päeva viimne valgus suri..." ; "Ju õhtus aeglaselt kaob kerge pilveviir..." ; Muusa ; Kümnes käsk ; Vang ; "Kes, lained, peatas teie hoo..." ; "Kui lootusrikkalt siis jääks maha maine ring..." ; Deemon ; Eluvanker ; Merele ; Kuulsuse ihaldus ; A. P. Kernile ; Talveõhtu ; Pihtimus ; Hoidjale ; "Mind valdab õnn, kui selja taha jätta..." ; Talvine tee ; "Ööhämarus on juudionnis..." ; "All kaevandeis, kus lasub öö..." ; "Maailma laias, kurvas stepis toovad..." ; Arion ; Poeet ; "Kesk ülikuid poeedi hooleks..." ; 19. oktoobril 1827 ; Talisman ; Sõpradele ; "Veel puhuvad jahedad tuuled..." ; Eelaimus ; Lill ; Ended ; "On talv. Mis teha maal? Ma pärin teenrilt aru..." ; Talvehommik ; "Kui viibin pühakoja pingis..." ; "Mu nimest sinule mis jääb? ; Poeedile ; Eleegia ; Värsid, mis loodud unetul ööl ; Mustlased ; "Ei hinda kalliks ma bakhandi noore hoogu..." ; Kaja ; "Ei endist rõõmu tunne hing..." ; Kaunitar ; "Peas hoidku jumal mõistus mul..." ; Ööbik ; "...Käisin jällegi..." ; "Ausamba rajasin ma endal̀ eluaegu..." ; Jevgeni Onegin XLIX, L, LI : katkendid värssromaanist. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 517

  6. Uudised : Kaheksas "Credo". RAM alustab hooaega. šoti naistrio Eestis. Kingitus operetisõpradele / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2001-01-01

    Tallinnas toimuvast VIII rahvusvahelisest õigeusu vaimuliku muusika festivalist "Credo". RAM esineb 23. ja 26. sept. kavaga "Päikese- ja kuuvarjutuse palvelaul". šoti trio esineb Tallinnas ja Tartus ning annab õpitoa Viljandis. 12. sept. esitleti Estonia talveaias K. Karaski CD-plaati "Bajadeer"

  7. Uudised : RAMi lauljad Iisraelis. Lauluvõistlus Pärnus. Wagner, ka Eestis. Juuniküüditamise mälestuskontsert / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2001-01-01

    Osa RAMi lauljaist osaleb Tel Avivis Iisraeli Uue Ooperi etendustel, B.Britteni ooperi "Billy Budd" lavastuses. Pärnus 2.-6. mail toimunud II Klaudia Taevi nim. noorte lauljate konkursi tulemustest. 17. mail EMAs toimuvast teaduskonverentsist "Richard Wagner, ka Eestis", 18. mail toimuvast galakontserdist ja näituse "Wagner Eesti laval" avamisest Estonia kontserdisaalis. 15. mail Narvas ja 16. mail Rakveres toimuvast Mozarti "Reekviemi" ettekandest juuniküüditamise mälestuseks

  8. Contribuição ao estudo da ceruloplasmina I: valôres normais no sôro sangüíneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco B. De Jorge

    1964-12-01

    Full Text Available Foi determinada a atividade cobre-oxidase (ceruloplasmina, pelo método de Houchin, no sôro de 65 indivíduos normais, de raça branca, com idades entre 20 e 45 anos. Foi obtido o seguinte valor médio neste grupo: 33,4 ± ± 3,1 mg/100 ml. Todavia, nos homens (n = 40 a média foi de 32,6 ± 3,1 mg/100 ml, enquanto nas mulheres (n = 25 foi de 34,6 ± 2,8 mg/100 ml; a diferença entre êstes subgrupos é significante. O sôro dialisado em 10 indivíduos normais perdeu 62,8 ± 0,8% da atividade cobre-oxidase. Não encontramos atividade cobre-oxidase na urina de 20 indivíduos normais nem no esperma de 2 outros indivíduos normais.

  9. Aspectos morfológicos e citoquímicos dos glóbulos sangüíneos de Caiman crocodilus yacare (Daudin, 1802 (Reptilia, Crocodilia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weber Leal de Moura

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Foram utilizados 10 jacarés Caiman crocodilus yacare, colhendo-se 5 ml do sangue periférico de cada animal. A análise morfológica foi realizada após coloração por Leishman. Para estudo citoquímico, empregaram-se os métodos do PAS, do Sudan black B, da o-toluidina e do azul de bromofenol. Foram identificados 7 tipos celulares: eritrócitos, trombócitos, heterófilos, eosinófilos, basófilos, linfócitos e monócitos azurófilos. Os eritrócitos nucleados apresentam formato elíptico com atividade mitótica e positividade citoplasmática para o azul de bromofenol. Os trombócitos são de formato elíptico, com citoplasma abundante nos pólos, contendo grânulos de glicogênio e núcleo com sulcos profundos. Heterófilos, grosseiramente esféricos, mostram núcleo esférico excêntrico e citoplasma repleto de grânulos corados em salmão, de formato fusiforme, em baqueta, oval ou esférico. A citoquímica nestas células revelou a presença de glicogênio, grânulos citoplasmáticos positivos para azul de bromofenol e parcialmente sudanófilos e positivos para mieloperoxidase. Eosinófilos mostram-se esféricos com núcleo lenticular excêntrico e citoplasma com grânulos esféricos ou ovais róseos positivos para Sudan e mieloperoxidase, porém fracamente para o azul de bromofenol. Basófilos apresentam formato esférico, de tamanho menor em relação aos demais granulócitos, núcleo esférico central e citoplasma com poucos grânulos fortemente basófilos. Linfócitos mostram-se polimórficos com núcleo de formato irregular, citoplasma escasso com projeções e grânulos azurófilos. Monócito azurófilo, de formato esférico, núcleo excêntrico e citoplasma basófilo contendo grânulos azurófilos abundantes.

  10. In vitro preparation of radionuclides labeled blood cells: Status and requirements; Preparation in vitro des cellules du sang marquees par des radionucleides: statut et recommandations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Couret, I. [Service de medecine nucleaire et radiopharmacie, hopital Lapeyronie, CHU de Montpellier, 34 - Montpellier (France); Desruet, M.D. [Service de medecine nucleaire et radiopharmacie, CHU de Grenoble, 38 - Grenoble (France); Bolot, C. [Service de pharmacie, hospices civils de Lyon, groupement hospitalier Est, 69 - Bron (France); Chassel, M.L. [Service de pharmacie et radiopharmacie, centre hospitalier de Chambery, 73 - Chambery (France); Pellegrin, M. [Inserm U896, CRLC Val-d' Aurelle-Paul-Lamarque, IRCM, universite Montpellier 1, 34 - Montpellier (France)

    2010-11-15

    Labelled blood cells permit nuclear medicine imaging using their physiological behaviours. The radiolabeling must be performed in vitro because of the lack of specific markers and requires several highly technical stages of preparation. Labelled blood cells have not the medication drug status, so that the nuclear physician conducting the nuclear test is fully liable. In most cases, the physician delegates the technical responsibility to radio-pharmacists. Although the status of radiolabelled autologous cells is not legally defined and in the absence of a specific repository, it is essential that their preparation is subject to the requirements of the rules of French Good Manufacturing Practice published by Agence francaise de securite sanitaire des produits de sante (Afssaps). It would be desirable to harmonize the practices of radiolabeling cellular blood components by editing a repository. (authors)

  11. Uudised : RAMi lauljad Iisraelis. Lauluvõistlus Pärnus. Wagner, ka Eestis. Juuniküüditamise mälestuskontsert / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2001-01-01

    Osa RAMi lauljaist osaleb Tel Avivis Iisraeli Uue Ooperi etendustel, B.Britteni ooperi "Billy Budd" lavastuses. Pärnus 2.-6. mail toimunud II Klaudia Taevi nim. noorte lauljate konkursi tulemustest. 17. mail EMAs toimuvast teaduskonverentsist "Richard Wagner, ka Eestis", 18. mail toimuvast galakontserdist ja näituse "Wagner Eesti laval" avamisest Estonia kontserdisaalis. 15. mail Narvas ja 16. mail Rakveres toimuvast Mozarti "Reekviemi" ettekandest juuniküüditamise mälestuseks

  12. A Tentative Discussion on Mercantilist Ideas of SANG Hong- yang and Colbert%浅论桑弘羊与柯尔培尔的重商思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏忠

    2008-01-01

    桑弘羊和柯尔培尔是中西方重商主义的突出代表,他们的重商思想既有相近的一面,也有明显的相异之处.二人思想的异同,不仅展示了不同民族所面临的相同或相近的经济问题,在某种程度上也揭示了重商主义所产生的特定文化传统和时代精神.

  13. Haïti : les pouvoirs de l'art dans Le Sang et la Mer de Gary Victor et La Belle Amour humaine de Lyonel Trouillot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odile Gannier

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article, l'auteure pose une question en écho aux événements de janvier 2010 : "comment écrire encore après les catastrophes ?". Elle en prend pour témoins les œuvres de Gary Victor et de Lyonel Trouillot (respectivement parues en 2010 et 2011 qui, pour l'une, raconte l'histoire d'une orpheline, Hérodiane, au parcours difficile, et rapporte, pour l'autre, l'enquête d'Anaïse, une étrangère, sur les traces de sa famille haïtienne. Odile Gannier analyse la construction de l'intrigue et des personnages, mais aussi les tonalités et les genres représentés dans les deux œuvres, ainsi que leurs multiples similitudes avec d'autres formes de production artistique (la peinture en particulier.

  14. Õnnistus : [luuletused] / Charles Baudelaire ; tlk. Johannes Semper, Ants Oras, August Sang, Ilmar Laaban, Ain Kaalep, Indrek Hirv, Jaan Kross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Baudelaire, Charles, 1821-1867

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Õnnistus ; Albatross ; Ülenemine ; Vastavusi ; Kutse teekonnale ; Muusika ; Elav tungal ; Vaenlane ; Ebaõnn ; Mees ja meri ; Ilu ; Hiigelnaine ; Hümn ilule ; Kalliskivid ; Eksootiline lõhn ; Raibe ; Vampiir ; Pihtimus ; Kass ; Mis ütled, vaene hing ; Lõhnapudel ; Sume laotus ; Kutse teele ; Sügissonett ; Öökullid ; Olematuse maitse ; Spliin : "Mu mälestuste last on nii painajalik..." ; Spliin : "Ma olen nii kui vürst, vürst sajulisel maal..." ; Mõrane kell ; "Nagu põhjatu taevas, öös tummuv ja mustav..." ; Kell ; Maastik ; Päike ; Punajuukselisele kerjustüdrukule ; Luik ; Hämarus ; Mäng ; Somp ja udud ; Pariisi unenägu ; Hommikuhämarik ; Üksildaste vein ; Üks märtritar ; Beatrice ; Aabel ja Kain ; Armastajate surm ; Vaeste surm ; Matk ; Lunahind ; Ühe pilgu lubadused. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 703

  15. Mulberry (桑葚子 Sang Shèn Zǐ and its Bioactive Compounds, the Chemoprevention Effects and Molecular Mechanisms In Vitro and In Vivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui-Pei Huang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Mulberry (桑葚子 sāng shèn zǐ, a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM in Taiwan, has many bioactive substances, including polyphenol and anthocyanins compounds. Over the past decade, many scientific and medical studies have examined mulberry fruit for its antioxidation and antiinflammation effects both in vitro and in vivo. This review thus focuses on the recent advances of mulberry extracts (MEs and their applications in the prevention and treatment of human cancer, liver disease, obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The ME modulates several apoptotic pathways and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs to block cancer progression. Mulberry can increase detoxicated and antioxidant enzyme activities and regulate the lipid metabolism to treat hepatic disease resulting from alcohol consumption, high fat diet, lipopolysaccharides (LPS and CCl4 exposure. Of the various compounds in ME, cyanidin 3-glucoside (C3G is the most abundant, and the active compound studied in mulberry research. Herein, the antioxidant and antiinflammatory actions of C3G to improve diabetes and cardiovascular disease are also discussed. These studies provide strong evidence ME may possess the bioactivity to affect the pathogenesis of several chronic diseases.

  16. Aspectos morfológicos e citoquímicos dos glóbulos sangüíneos de Caiman crocodilus yacare (Daudin, 1802) (Reptilia, Crocodilia)

    OpenAIRE

    Moura, Weber Leal De [UNIFESP; Matushima, Eliana Reiko; Oliveira, Luiz Waldemar [UNIFESP; EGAMI,MIZUE IMOTO

    1999-01-01

    Samples of peripheral blood were collected from 10 healthy Caiman crocodilus yacare and stained with Leishman, for morphological analysis, or submitted to the following cytochemical methods: PAS, Sudan black B, o-toluidine and mercury bromophenol blue. Seven types of cells were identified: erythrocytes, thrombocytes, heterophils, eosinophils, basophils, lymphocytes and azurofilic monocytes. Erythrocytes were elliptical and positive for bromophenol blue. Some mitotic figures were noted. Spindl...

  17. Õnnistus : [luuletused] / Charles Baudelaire ; tlk. Johannes Semper, Ants Oras, August Sang, Ilmar Laaban, Ain Kaalep, Indrek Hirv, Jaan Kross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Baudelaire, Charles, 1821-1867

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Õnnistus ; Albatross ; Ülenemine ; Vastavusi ; Kutse teekonnale ; Muusika ; Elav tungal ; Vaenlane ; Ebaõnn ; Mees ja meri ; Ilu ; Hiigelnaine ; Hümn ilule ; Kalliskivid ; Eksootiline lõhn ; Raibe ; Vampiir ; Pihtimus ; Kass ; Mis ütled, vaene hing ; Lõhnapudel ; Sume laotus ; Kutse teele ; Sügissonett ; Öökullid ; Olematuse maitse ; Spliin : "Mu mälestuste last on nii painajalik..." ; Spliin : "Ma olen nii kui vürst, vürst sajulisel maal..." ; Mõrane kell ; "Nagu põhjatu taevas, öös tummuv ja mustav..." ; Kell ; Maastik ; Päike ; Punajuukselisele kerjustüdrukule ; Luik ; Hämarus ; Mäng ; Somp ja udud ; Pariisi unenägu ; Hommikuhämarik ; Üksildaste vein ; Üks märtritar ; Beatrice ; Aabel ja Kain ; Armastajate surm ; Vaeste surm ; Matk ; Lunahind ; Ühe pilgu lubadused. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 703

  18. Entre la «maudition» et l’espoir: le sang des mots dans ‘Un plat de porc aux bananes vertes’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucienne J. Serrano

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Cet article analyse le «roman» écrit par Simone et André Schwarz-Bart, publié par le Seuil en 1967. Texte plutôt que roman, il présente une certaine réalité: la vieillesse d’une femme âgée et noire dans un asile à Paris, vers les années 1950. Mais surtout, il ouvre un espace d’écriture où les oppositions, les paradoxes règnent, se fécondent et ouvrent l’aventure de se dire par les mots. L’écrivain/e devient celle qui nous parle et aussi déparle, porté/e par les mots dont elle/il n’a pas la maîtrise mais la jouissance. Une approche semio-narrative met en place les vecteurs pulsionnels (amour/haîne qui tissent la trame de ce texte et permettent de dire la souffrance et la malédiction dues au fait d’être une enfant noire, née dans une Caraíbe pauvre.

  19. Æslets skryden og sang gennem tårer. Billeder i musik i 1400-tallets populære og kunstfulde traditioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Peter Woetmann

    2001-01-01

    chanson, chansonniers, monofone chansons, Bayeux håndskriftet, Copenhagen Chansonnier, Bourbon, Thott, 1470, 1500, polytone chansons, hexachord, rondeau, bergerette, poetiske tekster, populærmusik. kunstmusik...

  20. Utilidade do coágulo sangüíneo para o isolamento de Sporothrix schenckii de gatos naturalmente infectados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tânia Maria Pacheco Schubach

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available The diagnosis of disseminated sporotrichosis is usually obtained by necropsy and the isolation of Sporothrix schenckii from blood is rare. Fungemia was shown in vivo through the isolation of S. schenckii from peripheral blood of 13 (n=38, 34.2% cats with naturally acquired sporotrichosis. The coinfection with FIV and with FeLV found, respectively, in 6 (n=34, 17.6% cases and 1 (n=34, 2.9%, apparently did not alter the frequency of the isolation of S. schenckii from peripheral blood. There was agreement of 84.2% comparing these results to the blood culture results simultaneously achieved. In this way, we propose the clot culture as a practical alternative method, efficient and cheap for the diagnosis of disseminated sporotrichosis in cats in vivo.

  1. Aberrant brain-stem morphometry associated with sleep disturbance in drug-naïve subjects with Alzheimer's disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee JH

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Ji Han Lee,1 Won Sang Jung,2 Woo Hee Choi,3 Hyun Kook Lim4 1Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA; 2Department of Radiology, 3Department of Nuclear Medicine, 4Department of Psychiatry, Saint Vincent Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, South Korea Objective: Among patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD, sleep disturbances are common and serious noncognitive symptoms. Previous studies of AD patients have identified deformations in the brain stem, which may play an important role in the regulation of sleep. The aim of this study was to further investigate the relationship between sleep disturbances and alterations in brain stem morphology in AD.Materials and methods: In 44 patients with AD and 40 healthy elderly controls, sleep disturbances were measured using the Neuropsychiatry Inventory sleep subscale. We employed magnetic resonance imaging-based automated segmentation tools to examine the relationship between sleep disturbances and changes in brain stem morphology.Results: Analyses of the data from AD subjects revealed significant correlations between the Neuropsychiatry Inventory sleep-subscale scores and structural alterations in the left posterior lateral region of the brain stem, as well as normalized brain stem volumes. In addition, significant group differences in posterior brain stem morphology were observed between the AD group and the control group.Conclusion: This study is the first to analyze an association between sleep disturbances and brain stem morphology in AD. In line with previous findings, this study lends support to the possibility that brain stem structural abnormalities might be important neurobiological mechanisms underlying sleep disturbances associated with AD. Further longitudinal research is needed to confirm these findings. Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease, sleep, brain stem, MRI, shape analysis

  2. Holographic entanglement entropy in imbalanced superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    Dutta, Arghya

    2014-01-01

    We study the behavior of holographic entanglement entropy (HEE) for imbalanced holographic superconductor. It is found that HEE for this imbalanced system decreases with the increase of imbalance in chemical potentials. Also for an arbitrary mismatch between two chemical potentials, below the critical temperature, superconducting phase has a lower HEE in comparison to the AdS-Reissner-Nordstrom black hole phase. This suggests entanglement entropy to be a useful physical probe for understanding the imbalanced holographic superconductors.

  3. Lifelong learning on the market shelf

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mehlsen, Camilla

    2009-01-01

    LEARNING CAPITALISM: Learning has been commodified in many parts of the world, and the growing learning market challenges public education in many ways, says Professor SoongHee Han.......LEARNING CAPITALISM: Learning has been commodified in many parts of the world, and the growing learning market challenges public education in many ways, says Professor SoongHee Han....

  4. Effects of Internal and External Hydrogen on Inconel 718

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walter, R. J.; Frandsen, J. D.

    1999-01-01

    Internal hydrogen embrittlement (IHE) and hydrogen environment embrittlement (HEE) tensile and bend crack growth tests were performed on Inconel 718. For the IHE tests, the specimens were precharged to approximately 90 ppm hydrogen by exposure to 34.5 MPa H2 at 650 C. The HEE tests were performed in 34.5 MPa H2. Parameters evaluated were test temperature, strain rate for smooth and notch specimen geometries. The strain rate effect was very significant at ambient temperature for both IHE and HEE and decreased with increasing temperatures. For IHE, the strain rate effect was neglible at 260'C, and for HEE the strain rate effect was neglible at 400 C. At low temperatures, IHE was more severe than HEE, and at high temperatures HEE was more severe than IHE with a cross over temperature about 350 C. At 350 C, the equilibrium hydrogen concentration in Inconel 718 is about 50% lower than the hydrogen content of the precharged IHE specimens. Dislocation hydrogen sweeping of surface absorbed hydrogen was the likely transport mechanism for increasing the hydrogen concentration in the HEE tests sufficiently to produce the same degree of embrittlement as that of the more highly hydrogen charged IHE specimens. The main IHE fracture characteristic was formation of large, brittle flat facets, which decreased with increasing test temperature. The IHE fracture matrix surrounding the large facets ranged between brittle fine faceted to microvoid ductility depending upon strain rate, specimen geometry as well as temperature. The HEE fractures were characteristically fine featured, transgranular and brittle with a significant portion forming a "saw tooth" crystallographic pattern. Both IHE and HEE fractures were predominantly along the {1 1 1) slip and twin boundaries. With respect to embrittlement mechanism, it was postulated that dislocation hydrogen sweeping and hydrogen enhanced localized plasticity were active in HEE and IHE for concentrating hydrogen along (1 1 1) slip and twin

  5. « Tu as versé beaucoup de sang, et tu as fait de grandes guerres ». Charles Quint et le roi David dans les écrits des rederijkers

    OpenAIRE

    Samuel Mareel

    2012-01-01

    Cet article décrit les relations complexes et changeantes entre Charles Quint et les chambres de rhétorique, le phénomène littéraire qui domina les Pays-Bas néerlandophones aux XVe et XVIe siècles, à travers une analyse de l’image du roi David dans les écrits des rederijkers. David était souvent utilisé par les rhétoriqueurs pour glorifier l’empereur, mais aussi pour exprimer leurs espoirs et leurs déceptions face à son régime. Ironiquement, David ne fut pas seulement un type et un exemple du...

  6. « Tu as versé beaucoup de sang, et tu as fait de grandes guerres ». Charles Quint et le roi David dans les écrits des rederijkers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Mareel

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet article décrit les relations complexes et changeantes entre Charles Quint et les chambres de rhétorique, le phénomène littéraire qui domina les Pays-Bas néerlandophones aux XVe et XVIe siècles, à travers une analyse de l’image du roi David dans les écrits des rederijkers. David était souvent utilisé par les rhétoriqueurs pour glorifier l’empereur, mais aussi pour exprimer leurs espoirs et leurs déceptions face à son régime. Ironiquement, David ne fut pas seulement un type et un exemple du prince Habsbourg, il le fut aussi des adeptes de la Réforme, dont bon nombre étaient membres des chambres de rhétorique.A través del análisis de la imagen del rey David en los escritos de los rederijkers, este artículo describe las relaciones complejas y cambiantes entre Carlos V y las cámaras de retórica, institución literaria determinante en los Países Bajos de habla neerlandesa durante los siglos XV y XVI. Los retóricos utilizaron a menudo a David para glorificar al emperador, pero también para expresar sus esperanzas y decepciones frente a su gobierno. David no fue sólo un modelo y un ejemplo para el príncipe de la Casa de Austria, sino que lo fue también, irónicamente, para los adeptos de la Reforma, entre quienes se contaban muchos miembros de las cámaras de retórica.

  7. Discussing second person narration by analysing Fu Sang written by Yan Geling%由严歌苓的小说《扶桑》谈第二人称叙述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚琳琳

    2007-01-01

    本文通过对严歌苓小说的文本分析来探讨西方叙事学理论中第二人称叙述视角的运用,具体把握第二人称叙述在提升主人公行为乃至主观世界的表现力、提高读者的阅读地位上所起的作用,并观照多层次人称叙述的融合与互补作用.

  8. 丰盈的叙事——解读严歌苓的小说《扶桑》%Luxuriant Narration——Expation on Yan Geling's Novel Fu Sang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琴凤

    2006-01-01

    严歌苓作为当下北美华文文坛的新移民作家,其小说呈现出多元丰盈的叙事美感,如人称交叉的复合叙事、现代拼贴式叙事、时间化的叙事结构等特征,文章力图从叙事学角度深入解读的艺术特质.

  9. Serum biochemistry of an, atlantic Yellow-Nosed Albatross Thalassarche chlororhynchos (Gmelin, 1789 Bioquímica do soro sangüíneo de um albatroz Thalassarche chlororhynchos (Gmelin, 1789

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Baldassin

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Colheu-se uma amostra de sangue de um albatroz Thalassarche chlororhynchos (Gmelin, 1789, recolhido pela Polícia do Meio Ambiente de Ubatuba, SP, para análises da bioquímica do soro. O objetivo dessas análises foi o de apontar possíveis alterações dos parâmetros bioquímicos, visando facilitar futuras casas para reabilitação de aves. Nenhuma anormalidade foi encontrada e o animal morreu após três dias da captura.

  10. Correlação entre a pressão arterial média e o fluxo sangüíneo na artéria oftalmica externa em gatos (felis catus linnaeus, 1758

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gentil Ferreira Gomçalves

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available There were used 20 mixed breed cats, both male and female, with body mass between 2 and 4 kilograms, that received anesthesia with tiletamine and zolazepam (6,0 mg/kg. The femoral artery was assepticale cannulated and a manometer connected to an air column was connected to the catheter. The MAP was surveyed before and every 15 minutes until the end of the ultrasound examination. The flow of the external ophthalmic artery was measured through the ultrasond equipment, with an echo-doppler and a sectorial transducer of 6.0 MHz, directly applied to the cornea. Each eye had the artery flow surveyed by the equipment's own device, 3 samples being taken. The vascular resistance index was calculated based on the mean values of systolic and diastolic flow of each vasses. An average value for the MAP of 144.9 ± 26.68 mmHg and a flow of 14.28 ± 41.3 cm/sec for the external ophthalmic artery in the right eye in systole, 23.95 ± 11.46 cm/sec in diastole and 42.75 ± 12.64 cm/sec in the left eye in systole, 25.45 ± 9.61 cm/sec in diastole, were verified, there being no significant difference between the eyes. The calculated index of vascular resistance was of 0.4175 ± 0.0774 for the external ophthalmic artery in the right eye and 0,4015 ± 0.0719 for the left eye, without any significant difference between the eyes. The results point to an intrinsic mechanism of flow control, controlled by local factors in the external ophthalmic artery. The values of the resistance index denote a low flow artery. Concluding, this study revealed the reference values, above cited, for the MAP and the blood flow in the external ophthalmic artery in mixed breed cats, anesthetized with tiletamine and zolazepam, and the information that there is no correlation between these values.

  11. Evaluation and additional recommendations for preparing a whole blood control material Avaliação e recomendações adicionais para a preparação de material sangüíneo integral para controles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilda E. Fink

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The assessment of an easy to prepare and low cost control material for Hematology, available for manual and automated methods. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Aliquots of stabilized whole blood were prepared by partial fixation with aldehydes; the stability at different temperatures (4. 20 and 37 °C during periods of up to 8-9 weeks and aliquot variability with both methods were controlled. RESULTS: Aliquot variability with automated methods at day 1, expressed as CV% (coefficient of variation was: white blood cells (WBC 2.7, red blood cells (RBC 0.7, hemoglobin (Hb 0.6, hematocrit (Hct 0.7, mean cell volume (MCV 0.3, mean cell hemoglobin (MCH 0.6, mean cell hemoglobin concentration (MCHC 0.7, and platelets (PLT 4.6. The CV (coefficient of variation percentages obtained with manual methods in one of the batches were: WBC 23, Hct 2.8, Hb 4.5, MCHC 5.9, PLT 41. Samples stored at 4ºC and 20ºC showed good stability, only a very low initial hemolysis being observed, whereas those stored at 37ºC deteriobed a rapidly (metahemoglobin formation, aggregation of WBC and platelets, as well as alteration of erythrocyte indexes. CONCLUSIONS: It was confirmed that, as long as there is no exposure to high temperatures during distribution, this material is stable, allowing assessment, both esternal and internal, for control purposes, with acceptable reproductivity, both for manual and auttomatic methods.OBJETIVO: Avaliar material de controle para hematologia, de fácil preparação e baixo custo, que poderá ser usado por métodos manuais e automatizados. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Alíquotas de sangue estabilizado foram preparadas por fixação parcial com aldeídos. Foram estudadas a estabilidade a diferentes temperaturas (4, 20, 37ºC durante períodos de até 8-9 semanas e a variabilidade das alíquotas para ambos os métodos. RESULTADOS: A variabilidade entre alíquotas, expressada em CV% (coeficiente de variação com métodos automatizados no primero dia, foi: glóbulos blancos (WBC 2,7, glóbulos vermelhos (RBC 0,7, hemoglobina (Hb 0,6, hematócrito (Hct 0,7, volume corpuscular médio (MCV 0,3, Hb corpuscular médio (MCH 0,3, concentração de Hb corpuscular médio (MCHC 0,7 e plaquetas (Plt 4,6. O CV% obtido com métodos manuais para um dos grupos foi: WBC 23, Hct 2,8, Hb 4,5, MCHC 5,9, Plt 41. As amostras conservadas a 4 e 20ºC foram estáveis, observando-se leve hemólise inicial, enquanto que as amostras conservadas a 37ºC mostraram uma rápida decomposição (formação de metaemoglobina, agregação de glóbulos brancos e plaquetas e alteração de índices. CONCLUSÕES: Confirmou-se que, se não houver exposição a altas temperaturas durante a distribuição, este material é estável, permitindo avaliação, tanto externa como interna para controle e com reprodutividade aceitável, tanto para métodos manuais como automáticos.

  12. Avaliação da transferência passiva da imunidade através da proteína total sangüínea, em potros da raça Árabe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valente M.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available To study the passive immunity transference to the new born foal via colostrum, the total serum protein of 27 foals, being 13 females and 14 males, born from multiparae and primiparae mares was estimated. The blood samples were colected at 6, 12, 18, 24 and 30 hours after the first suckling. The total protein values increase significantly between 6 and 12 hours after the first suckling, being not influenced by the sex of the foal. The total protein values of new borns from multiparae mares were significantly higher than primiparae mares at 12 hours after the first suckling and was mantained in the same levels for 30 hours. It was concluded that the newborn Arabian foals had the highest immunoglobulin absortion between 6 and 12 hours after the first suckling and it is higher in foals born from multiparae than from primiparae mares.

  13. Triglicerideos sangüíneos e composição química da carne de codornas alimentadas com bixina e niacina suplementar Plasma triglycerides and chemical composition of quail's meat fed on bixin and supplementary niacin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Newton Tavares Escocard de Oliveira

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito de bixina do colorífico e niacina suplementar em rações, nos níveis plasmáticos de triglicerídeos e lipoproteínas de densidade muito baixa, na gordura da carne de peito, de coxa e sobrecoxa, e na carcaça de codornas. Utilizaram-se 240 codornas japonesas (Coturnix japonica machos, em delineamento experimental inteiramente casualizado, com quatro tratamentos, cinco repetições e 12 codornas por unidade experimental. Os tratamentos foram: ração referência, à base de milho e farelo de soja, sem inclusão de colorífico e de niacina suplementar; ração com 4,5% de colorífico; ração com 0,08% de niacina suplementar e ração com 4,5% de colorífico e 0,08% de niacina suplementar. Não houve efeito de tratamento nos níveis plasmáticos de triglicerídeos e lipoproteínas de densidade muito baixa e nos teores de extrato etéreo na carne de coxa e sobrecoxa, e na carcaça das codornas. No 49º dia de idade, as codornas que receberam rações com 0,08% de niacina suplementar apresentaram maior teor de gordura na carne de peito (1,50% do que as codornas alimentadas com a ração referência (0,85%. O uso de bixina do colorífico e niacina suplementar, em rações, não reduz os níveis de gordura no sangue, carne e carcaça de codornas japonesas machos.The objective of this work was to assess the effect of spice's bixin and supplementary niacin on diets in the plasmatic levels of triglyceride and very low-density lipoprotein, and in the fat of breast, drumstick and thigh meat and carcass of japanese quails (Coturnix japonica. Two hundred and forty japanese male quails were used in a completely randomized design, with four treatments, five replicates and 12 quails per experimental unit. The treatments were: reference diet with corn and soybean meal, without spice or supplementary niacin; diet with 4.5% spice; diet with 0.08% supplementary niacin and diet with 4.5% spice and 0.08% supplementary niacin. The treatments had no effect upon triglyceride and very low-density lipoprotein levels in plasma, as well as on ether extract contents in the drumstick and thigh meat and carcass of the quails. On the 49th day of age, quails that received rations with 0.08% supplementary niacin had higher fat contents in the breast meat (1.50% than quails fed with reference ration (0.85%. The addition of spice's bixin and supplementary niacin to the rations do not reduce the fat levels in plasma, meat and carcass of japanese male quails.

  14. “三讲”与解放思想、实事求是的内在联系%On the Internal Relations Between “SangJiang” and Emancipating the Mind and Seeking Truth from Facts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凯兰

    2001-01-01

    解放思想、实事求是是邓小平理论的精髓,“三讲”与解放思想、实事求是有着内在的联系。只有讲政治,才能坚定解放思想、实事求是的立场和勇气;只有讲学习,才能提高解放思想、实事求是的水平;只有讲正气,才能营造解放思想、实事求是的宽松环境。%Emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts is the spirit of Dengxiaoping's Theory, there are internal relations between it and “SanJiang”.Only sticking to politics can we firm our stand and courage of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts; Only sticking to study can we improve our level of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts;Only stickingto health trends can we construct the loose environment of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts.

  15. « Tu as versé beaucoup de sang, et tu as fait de grandes guerres ». Charles Quint et le roi David dans les écrits des rederijkers

    OpenAIRE

    Samuel Mareel

    2012-01-01

    Cet article décrit les relations complexes et changeantes entre Charles Quint et les chambres de rhétorique, le phénomène littéraire qui domina les Pays-Bas néerlandophones aux XVe et XVIe siècles, à travers une analyse de l’image du roi David dans les écrits des rederijkers. David était souvent utilisé par les rhétoriqueurs pour glorifier l’empereur, mais aussi pour exprimer leurs espoirs et leurs déceptions face à son régime. Ironiquement, David ne fut pas seulement un type et un exemple du...

  16. Critical analysis of the indications for blood transfusions in surgery Análise crítica das indicações de transfusões sangüíneas em cirurgias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José D’Oliveira Couto

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available The several factors which precipitate blood transfusion in hospitals are called “transfusion trigger”. The goal of perioperative blood replacement is to maintain satisfactory levels of haemoglobin and blood volume in order to have a better tissue oxygenation. The coagulation factors are used in the coagulations dysfunctions. The ideal is to avoid or to carry out a better blood transfusion in small quantities at a lower risk. Recent reports question the standards previously considered acceptable for blood transfusion. Blood substitute products for the treatment of haemorrhagic shock, blood bioproducts, and the indications for transfusions based on laboratory and clinical parameters, are analysed and discussed in this review.   Os vários fatores que precipitam uma transfusão sanguínea nos hospitais são chamados de “gatilho da transfusão”. O objetivo da reposição de sangue no perioperatório é manter níveis satisfatórios de hemoglobina e de volume sanguíneo para uma adequada oxigenação tecidual. Os fatores de coagulação são importantes nas disfunções de coagulação. O ideal é evitar-se ou promover-se uma melhor transfusão em pequenas quantidades e com menor risco. Trabalhos recentes questionam os padrões previamente considerados aceitáveis para a transfusão sanguínea. Produtos substitutivos para o tratamento do choque hemorrágico, bioprodutos do sangue e as indicações baseadas em parâmetros laboratoriais e clínicos são analisadas e discutidas nesta revisão.

  17. Blood-gas and electrolyte values for Amazon parrots (Amazona aestiva Valores de gases sangüíneos e eletrólitos de papagaios-verdadeiros (Amazona aestiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valéria V. Paula

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim was to provide reference data for blood gas/acid-base status and electrolytes for non-anesthetized Amazon parrots (Amazona aestiva. Thirty-five adult parrots from Tietê ecologic park were utilized. Arterial blood (0.3ml samples were anaerobically collected from the superficial ulnar artery in heparinized (sodium heparin 1-ml plastic syringes. The samples were immediately analyzed through a portable analyzer (i-STAT*, Abbot, Illinois, USA with cartridges (EG7+. These data were grouped in such a way as to present both mean and standard deviation: body weight (360±37g, respiratory rate (82±33 b/m, temperature (41.8±0.6°C, hydrogen potential (7.452±0.048, carbon dioxide partial pressure (22.1±4.0mmHg, oxygen partial pressure (98.1±7.6mmHg, base excess (-7.9±3.1, plasma concentration of bicarbonate ions (14.8±2.8mmol/L, oxygen saturation (96.2±1.1%, plasma concentration of sodium (147.4±2.2mmol/L, plasma concentration of potassium (3.5±0.53mmol/L, plasma concentration of calcium (0.8±0.28mmol/L, hematocrit (38.7±6.2% and concentration of hemoglobin (13.2±2.1g/dl. This study led us to conclude that, although the results obtained showed hypocapnia and low values of bicarbonate and base excess, when compared to other avian species, these data are very similar. Besides, in spite of the equipment being approved only for human beings, it was considered simple and very useful in the analysis of avian blood samples. By using this equipment we were able to provide references data for non-anaesthetized Amazon parrots.O objetivo deste trabalho foi estabelecer dados de referência do equilíbrio ácido-básico e eletrólitos de papagaios (Amazonas aestiva não anestesiados. Foram utilizados trinta e cinco papagaios oriundos do Parque ecológico do Tietê. Amostras de sangue (0,3ml da artéria superficial ulnar foram coletadas em seringas plásticas (1ml heparinizadas. As amostras foram analisadas imediatamente, usando um analisador portátil (i-stat*, Abbott, Illinois, USA com cartuchos (i-stat EG7+. Os resultados foram demonstrados em média e desvio padrão: peso corpóreo (360±37g, freqüência respiratória (82±33mpm, temperatura (41,8±0,6°C, potencial hidrogeniônico (7,452±0,05, pressão parcial de dióxido de carbono (22,1±4,0mmHg, pressão parcial de oxigênio (98,1±7,6mmHg, excesso de base (-7,45±3,1, saturação da hemoglobina (96,2±1,1%, concentração plasmática de sódio (147,4±2,2mmol/L, concentração plasmática de potássio (3,5±0,53mmol/L, concentração plasmática de cálcio (0,8±0,28mmol/L, hematócrito (38,7±6,2% e concentração de hemoglobina (13,2±2,1g/dl. Este estudo nos levou a concluir que embora os animais apresentassem hipocapnia e valores baixos de bicarbonato e excesso de bases, quando comparamos aos das outras espécies aviárias, os dados são similares. Embora o equipamento seja aprovado somente para espécie humana, foi considerado prático e útil na análise do sangue de aves. Utilizando este equipamento, fomos capazes de estabelecer dados de referência do status ácido-básico e eletrólitos de papagaios não anestesiados.

  18. High dose ionizing irradiation induces an early and transient increase in peripheral blood hematopoietic progenitor cells; L`exposition aigue aux radiations ionisantes induit un recrutement transitoire des progeniteurs hematopoietiques au niveau du sang peripherique: implications therapeutiques potentielles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drouet, M.; Mathieu, J.; Grenier, N.; Vetillard, J.; Chauvelot, F.; Thierry, D.; Mestries, J.C.; Herodin, F. [Centre de Recherches du Service de Sante des Armees, La Tronche, 38 - Grenoble (France)]|[Centre de Recherches du Service de Sante des Armees - Centre d`Etudes Nucleaires de Fontenay-aux-Roses, 92 (France)

    1997-12-31

    Nonhuman primates exposed to ionizing radiation exhibit an early and transient increase in peripheral blood committed hematopoietic progenitor cells. The management of bone marrow aplasia secondary to accidental irradiation could be based in part on the re-infusion of those circulating autologous progenitors following a period of ex vivo expansion with cytokines. (authors)

  19. Fonte alimentar sangüínea e a peridomiciliação de Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912 (Psychodidae, Phlebotominae Blood feeding sources and peridomiciliation of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912 (Psychodidae, Phlebotominae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio de Oliveira Passos Dias

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Estudou-se por meio da reação da precipitina, o conteúdo estomacal de Lutzomyia longipalpis nos ambientes intradomiciliar e peridoméstico, no Município de Raposa, Maranhão, área de transmissão de leishmaniose visceral ou "calazar". De 2.240 fêmeas capturadas, 547 (24,4% estavam alimentadas com sangue de vertebrados nas proporções que seguem: ave (87,9%; roedor (47,2%; humano (42,4%, cão (27,6%; mucura (26,6% e eqüino (22,5%. A investigação levada a efeito em 120 habitações confirmou a galinha como o animal doméstico mais comum no ambiente peridoméstico (28,3%, seguido pelo cão (21,7%, gato (17,5%, jumento (13,3%, pombo (7,5%, coelho (3,3% e pato (3,3%; enquanto o cavalo, marreco e porco representaram, cada um, 1,7%. Entre os animais sinantrópicos, a mucura foi a mais citada naquele ambiente (39,3%, seguida pelo rato (37,9%, morcego (14,3% guaxinim (3,6%, raposa (2,1%, cobra (1,4% e sapo (1,4%. A presença no peridomicílio de animais domésticos e sinantrópicos e o encontro de flebótomos alimentados, ao mesmo tempo, com sangue humano, de mucura e de canídeos, corroboram a hipótese de que a transmissão do calazar esteja ocorrendo realmente no ambiente antrópico, no Município de Raposa.A precipitin test was employed to study the alimentary tract content of Lutzomyia longipalpis in the intra- and peridomiciliary environments in the municipality of Raposa, Maranhão State, a transmission area for visceral leishmaniasis or kala azar. Out of 2,240 female sandflies captured, 547 (24.4% had fed on vertebrate blood, with the following proportions: avian (87.9%; rodent (47.2%; human (42.4%; canine (27.6%; opossum (26.6%; and equine (22.5%. Based on a survey of 120 human dwellings, chickens were found to be the most common domestic animals in the peridomicile (28.3%, followed by dogs (21.7%, cats (17.5%, donkeys (13.3%, pigeons (7.5%, rabbits (3.3%, ducks (3.3%, and horses, mallards, and pigs (1.7% each. Synanthropic animals included opossums (39.3%, followed by rats (37.9%, bats (14.3%, raccoons (3.6%, foxes (2.1%, snakes (1.4%, and frogs (1.4%. The peridomiciliary presence of domestic and synanthropic animals as well as sandflies that had fed on human, opossum, and canid blood supports the hypothesis that kala azar transmission has been taking place in the anthropic environment in the municipality of Raposa.

  20. Collision Romantic Music And Feminist Literature——Chopin and George Sang%浪漫主义音乐与女性主义文学的碰撞——肖邦与乔治·桑

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹新荣

    2014-01-01

    肖邦,19世纪浪漫主义音乐家,乔治·桑,女权主义运动的先驱,两个个性截然不同的人却因为追求自由的共同理想走在了一起,他们在传奇般的爱情下,创作出了伟大的浪漫主义音乐和经典的女性主义文学,给世人留下了不朽的精神财富.

  1. Trust transitivity and aggregation research based on J(o)sang's trust model%基于J(o)sang信任模型的信任传递与聚合研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王进; 孙怀江

    2009-01-01

    研究当前信任管理中的信任传递与信任聚合问题,提出了信任传递与信任聚合应遵循的规则.以J(o)sang信任模型为例,分析其信任传递与聚合方法的不足,进而提出了新的信任传递方法和信任聚合方法.分别通过实验和例子与J(o)sang的信任传递和聚合方法进行了对比,结果表明,新信任传递方法更具一般性,而新信任聚合方法更满足信任聚合的规则.

  2. The Influence of Complete Works of Sherlock Holmes on Complete Works of Huo Sang%《福尔摩斯探案全集》对《霍桑探案集》的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱全定

    2013-01-01

    西方侦探小说的译介对中国作品产生了深远的影响.程小青在翻译侦探小说《福尔摩斯探案全集》的同时,在借鉴柯南·道尔创作手法的基础上,其作品又融入了众多的能为中国读者所接受的“中国侦探元素”,创作出了中国独特的侦探形象霍桑.

  3. Effectiveness of elastic band-type ankle–foot orthoses on postural control in poststroke elderly patients as determined using combined measurement of the stability index and body weight-bearing ratio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim JH

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Jong Hyun Kim, Woo Sang Sim, Byeong Hee Won Usability Evaluation Technology Center, Advanced Biomedical and Welfare R&D Group, Korea Institute of Industrial Technology, Cheonan-si, Chungcheongnam-do, South Korea Purpose: Poor recovery of postural stability poststroke is the primary cause of impairment in activities and social participation in elderly stroke survivors. The purpose of our study was to experimentally evaluate the effectiveness of our new elastic ankle–foot orthosis (AFO, compared to a traditional AFO fabricated with hard plastic, in improving postural stability in elderly chronic stroke survivors. Patients and methods: Postural stability was evaluated in ten chronic stroke patients, 55.7±8.43 years old. Postural stability was evaluated using the standardized methods of the Biodex Balance System combined with a foot pressure system, under three experimental conditions, no AFO, rigid plastic AFO, and elastic AFO (E-AFO. The following dependent variables of postural stability were analyzed: plantar pressure under the paretic and nonparetic foot, area of the center of balance (COB and % time spent in each location, distance traveled by the COB away from the body center, distance traveled by the center of pressure, and calculated index of overall stability, as well as indices anterior–posterior and medial–lateral stability. Results: Both AFO designs improved all indices of postural stability. Compared to the rigid plastic AFO, the E-AFO produced additional positive effects in controlling anterior–posterior body sway, equalizing weight bearing through the paretic and nonparetic limbs, and restraining the displacement of the center of pressure and of the COB. Conclusion: Based on our outcomes, we recommend the prescription of E-AFOs as part of a physiotherapy rehabilitation program to promote recovery of postural stability poststroke. When possible, therapeutic outcomes should be documented using the Biodex Balance System and

  4. Efficacy of fimasartan/hydrochlorothiazide combination in hypertensive patients inadequately controlled by fimasartan monotherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rhee MY

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Moo-Yong Rhee,1 Sang Hong Baek,2 Weon Kim,3 Chang Gyu Park,4 Seung Woo Park,5 Byung-Hee Oh,6 Sang-Hyun Kim,7 Jae-Joong Kim,8 Joon-Han Shin,9 Byung-Su Yoo,10 Se-Joong Rim,11 Jong-Won Ha,12 Joon Hyung Doh,13 Youngkeun Ahn,14 Jei Keon Chae,15 Jeong Bae Park,16 Soon-Kil Kim,17 Cheol Ho Kim18 1Cardiovascular Center, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, 2Catholic University of Korea, Seoul St Mary’s Hospital, Seoul, 3Cardiovascular Department of Internal Medicine, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Seoul, 4Division of Cardiology, Guro Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, 5Division of Cardiology, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, 6Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, 7Division of Cardiology, Seoul Metropolitan Government Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, 8Division of Cardiology, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, 9Division of Cardiology, Ajou University Hospital, Suwon, 10Division of Cardiology, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Wonju, 11Division of Cardiology, GangNam Severance Hospital, Seoul, 12Division of Cardiology, Severance Hospital, Seoul, 13Division of Cardiology, Inje University Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, 14Department of Cardiology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, 15Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, 16Department of Cardiology, Cheil General Hospital, Dankook University College of Medicine, Seoul, 17Department of Cardiology, Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Guri, 18Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of Korea Background: The study reported here compared the blood pressure (BP-lowering efficacy of fimasartan alone with that of fimasartan/hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ combination in patients whose BP goal was not achieved after 4 weeks of treatment with once-daily fimasartan 60 mg.Methods: Patients with sitting diastolic blood pressure (siDBP ≥90 mmHg with 4 weeks of once

  5. Characterization of Quantum Phase Transition using Holographic Entanglement Entropy

    CERN Document Server

    Ling, Yi; Wu, Jian-Pin

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the holographic entanglement entropy (HEE) in Einstein-Maxwell-Dilaton theory. In this framework black brane solutions with vanishing entropy density in zero temperature limit have been constructed in the presence of Q-lattice structure. We find that the first order derivative of HEE with repsect to lattice parameters exhibits the maximization behavior near quantum critical points (QCPs), which coincides with the phenomenon observed in realistic condensed matter system. Our discovery in this letter extends our previous observation in arXiv:1502.03661 where HEE itself diagnoses the quantum phase transition (QPT) with local extremes. We propose that it would be a univeral feature that HEE or its derivatives with respect to system parameters can characterize QPT in a generic holographic system.

  6. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... easily treated condition that occurs if you don't have enough iron in your body. Low iron ... can occur if your red blood cells don't contain enough hemoglobin (HEE-muh-glow-bin). Hemoglobin ...

  7. Eat your troubles away: electrocortical and experiential correlates of food image processing are related to emotional eating style and emotional state.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blechert, Jens; Goltsche, Julia E; Herbert, Beate M; Wilhelm, Frank H

    2014-02-01

    Emotional eating, a trait-like style of food intake in response to negative emotion states, represents an important aspect of overeating and eating related psychopathology. The mechanisms of emotional eating both on experiential and neuronal levels are not well delineated. We recorded event related potentials (ERPs) while individuals with high or low emotional eating style (HEE, n=25; LEE, n=20) viewed and rated pictures of high-caloric food during neutral state vs. negative idiosyncratic emotion induction. Craving ratings increased in HEE and decreased in LEE during negative relative to neutral states. ERPs to food pictures showed an enhanced late positive potential (LPP) over parieto-occipital regions for HEE compared to LEE. Emotional state modulated food picture evoked ERPs over right frontal regions in HEE only. This suggests that appetitive food processing is susceptible to both concurrent emotion and habitual eating style which is of relevance for overeating in healthy and abnormal eating.

  8. Influence of high pressure hydrogen environment on tensile and fatigue properties of stainless steels at low temperatures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogata, T.

    2012-06-01

    Hydrogen environment embrittlement (HEE) of stainless steels in the environment of high pressure and low temperature hydrogen gas was evaluated using a very simple mechanical properties testing procedure. In the method, the high-pressure hydrogen environment is produced just inside the hole in the specimen. In this work, the effects of HEE on fatigue properties for austenitic stainless steels SUS304L and SUS316L were evaluated at 298 and 190 K. The effects of HEE on the tensile properties of higher strength stainless steels, such as strain-hardened 316, SUS630, and other alloys, SUH660 and Alloy 718 were also examined. The less effect of HEE on fatigue properties of SUS316L and tensile properties of strain-hardened 316 were observed compared with SUS304L and other steels at room temperature and 190 K.

  9. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... easily treated condition that occurs if you don't have enough iron in your body. Low iron ... can occur if your red blood cells don't contain enough hemoglobin (HEE-muh-glow-bin). Hemoglobin ...

  10. Quasi-free Pi0 and Pi- electroproduction on 4He in the Delta-resonance region (Pi en Delta in symbolen) - Zie als voorbeeld titelblad -

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steenbakkers, M.F.M.

    2004-01-01

    The reactions 4He(e, e' p3He)pi- and 4He(e, e' p3He)pi0 were studied simultaneously, and for the first time, in a large kinematical domain including the Delta-resonance region. This was achieved by detecting the recoiling 3He and 3H nuclei instead of the emitted pions. The dependences of the cross

  11. Inhibition of Rac GTPases in the Therapy of Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-04-01

    Represent Integrating Molecular Therapeutic Targets for BCR-ABL-Induced Myeloproliferative Disease Emily K. Thomas,1,6 Jose A. Cancelas,1,2,6 Hee-Don...Integrating Molecular Therapeutic Targets for BCR-ABL-Induced Myeloproliferative Disease Emily K. Thomas, Jose A. Cancelas, Hee-Don Chae, Adrienne D. Cox... Dickinson ). Live cells were gated for analysis by forward and side scatter signals. 1. Williams, D.A., Tao, W., Yang, F.C., Kim, C., Gu, Y

  12. Burned and devoured-Introduced herbivores, fire, and the endemic flora of the high-elevation ecosystem on La Palma, Canary Islands

    OpenAIRE

    Irl, Severin D. H.; Steinbauer, Manuel; Messinger, Jana; Blume-Werry, Gesche; Palomares-Martinez, Angel; Beierkuhnlein, Carl; Jentsch, Anke

    2014-01-01

    Novel disturbance regimes (e.g., introduced herbivores and fire) are among the major drivers of degradation in island ecosystems. High-elevation ecosystems (HEEs) on islands might be especially vulnerable to these disturbances due to high endemism. Here, data from an 11-year exclosure experiment in the HEE of La Palma (Canary Islands) are presented where mammalian herbivores have been introduced. We investigate the combined effect of herbivory and fire on total species richness, seedling rich...

  13. Insight into the Role of Surface Wettability in Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution Reactions Using Light-Sensitive Nanotubular TiO2 Supported Pt Electrodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Chenhui; Wang, Bing; Gao, Ziyue; Liu, Zhaoyue; Zhang, Qianqian; Zhai, Jin

    2017-02-06

    Surface wettability is of importance for electrochemical reactions. Herein, its role in electrochemical hydrogen evolution reactions is investigated using light-sensitive nanotubular TiO2 supported Pt as hydrogen evolution electrodes (HEEs). The HEEs are fabricated by photocatalytic deposition of Pt particles on TiO2 nanotubes followed by hydrophobization with vaporized octadecyltrimethoxysilane (OTS) molecules. The surface wettability of HEEs is subsequently regulated in situ from hydrophobicity to hydrophilicity by photocatalytic decomposition of OTS molecules using ultraviolet light. It is found that hydrophilic HEEs demonstrate a larger electrochemical active area of Pt and a lower adhesion force to a gas bubble when compared with hydrophobic ones. The former allows more protons to react on the electrode surface at small overpotential so that a larger current is produced. The latter leads to a quick release of hydrogen gas bubbles from the electrode surface at large overpotential, which ensures the contact between catalysts and electrolyte. These two characteristics make hydrophilic HEEs generate a much high current density for HERs. Our results imply that the optimization of surface wettability is of significance for improving the electrocatalytic activity of HEEs.

  14. Protective Effect of Ethanol Extracts of Hericium erinaceus on Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Neuropathic Pain in Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Yi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigated the effects of Hericium erinaceus (HEE on alloxan induced diabetic neuropathic pain in laboratory rats. Alloxan induced diabetic rats were administered orally HEE. After 6 weeks of treatments, treatment with HEE 40 mg/kg in diabetic animals showed significant increase in pain threshold and paw withdrawal threshold and significant decrease in serum glucose and urine glucose. We also observed a significant increase in lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, Lipid peroxidation (LPO, glutathione peroxidase (GPx activity, glutathione reductase (GR activity, catalase (CAT activity, Na+K+ATPase activity, and glutathione S transferase (GST activity along with significant decreased levels of glutathione (GSH content in diabetic rats. The total antioxidant status (TAOS in the HEE-treated groups was significantly lower than that in the alloxan-treated group. HEE can offer pain relief in diabetic neuropathic pain. The improvement in diabetic state after HEE treatment along with the antioxidant activity could be the probable way by which it had alleviated diabetic neuropathy.

  15. Insight into the Role of Surface Wettability in Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution Reactions Using Light-Sensitive Nanotubular TiO2 Supported Pt Electrodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Chenhui; Wang, Bing; Gao, Ziyue; Liu, Zhaoyue; Zhang, Qianqian; Zhai, Jin

    2017-01-01

    Surface wettability is of importance for electrochemical reactions. Herein, its role in electrochemical hydrogen evolution reactions is investigated using light-sensitive nanotubular TiO2 supported Pt as hydrogen evolution electrodes (HEEs). The HEEs are fabricated by photocatalytic deposition of Pt particles on TiO2 nanotubes followed by hydrophobization with vaporized octadecyltrimethoxysilane (OTS) molecules. The surface wettability of HEEs is subsequently regulated in situ from hydrophobicity to hydrophilicity by photocatalytic decomposition of OTS molecules using ultraviolet light. It is found that hydrophilic HEEs demonstrate a larger electrochemical active area of Pt and a lower adhesion force to a gas bubble when compared with hydrophobic ones. The former allows more protons to react on the electrode surface at small overpotential so that a larger current is produced. The latter leads to a quick release of hydrogen gas bubbles from the electrode surface at large overpotential, which ensures the contact between catalysts and electrolyte. These two characteristics make hydrophilic HEEs generate a much high current density for HERs. Our results imply that the optimization of surface wettability is of significance for improving the electrocatalytic activity of HEEs. PMID:28165487

  16. Barriers to generalizability of health economic evaluations in Latin America and the Caribbean region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augustovski, Federico; Iglesias, Cynthia; Manca, Andrea; Drummond, Michael; Rubinstein, Adolfo; Martí, Sebastián García

    2009-01-01

    Use and acceptance of health economic evaluations (HEEs) has been much greater in developed than in developing nations. Nevertheless, while developing countries lag behind in the development of HEE methods, they could benefit from the progress made in other countries and concentrate on ways in which existing methods can be used or would need to be modified to fulfill their specific needs. HEEs, as context-specific tools, are not easily generalizable from setting to setting. Existing studies regarding generalizability and transferability of HEEs have primarily been conducted in developed countries. Therefore, a legitimate question for policy makers in Latin America and the Caribbean region (LAC) is to what extent HEEs conducted in industrialized economies and in LAC are generalizable to LAC (trans-regional) and to other LAC countries (intra-regional), respectively. We conducted a systematic review, searching the NHS Economic Evaluation Database (NHS EED), Office of Health Economics Health Economic Evaluation Database (HEED), LILACS (Latin America health bibliographic database) and NEVALAT (Latin American Network on HEE) to identify HEEs published between 1980 and 2004. We included individual patient- and model-based HEEs (cost-effectiveness, cost-utility, cost-benefit and cost-consequences analyses) that involved at least one LAC country. Data were extracted by three independent reviewers using a checklist validated by regional and international experts. From 521 studies retrieved, 72 were full HEEs (39% randomized controlled trials [RCTs], 32% models, 17% non-randomized studies and 12% mixed trial-modeling approach). Over one-third of identified studies did not specifically report the type of HEE. Cost-effectiveness and cost-consequence analyses accounted for almost 80% of the studies. The three Latin American countries with the highest participation in HEE studies were Brazil, Argentina and Mexico. While we found relatively good standards of reporting the study

  17. Efficacy and safety of two fixed-dose combinations of S-amlodipine and telmisartan (CKD-828 versus S-amlodipine monotherapy in patients with hypertension inadequately controlled using S-amlodipine monotherapy: an 8-week, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, Phase III clinical study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ihm SH

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Sang-Hyun Ihm,1 Hui-Kyung Jeon,1 Tae-Joon Cha,2 Taek-Jong Hong,3 Sang-Hyun Kim,4 Nae-Hee Lee,5 Jung Han Yoon,6 Namsik Yoon,7 Kyung-Kuk Hwang,8 Sang-Ho Jo,9 Ho-Joong Youn1 1Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, 2Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kosin University College of Medicine, 3Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, 4Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Boramae Medical Center, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, 5Department of Cardiology, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Bucheon, 6Division of Cardiology, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Wonju, 7Department of Cardiology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, 8Department of Internal Medicine, Chungbuk National University, College of Medicine, Cheongju, 9Division of Cardiology, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, South Korea Purpose: To evaluate the blood pressure (BP lowering efficacy and safety of CKD-828, a fixed-dose combination of S-amlodipine (the more active isomer of amlodipine besylate, which is calcium channel blocker and telmisartan (long acting angiotensin receptor blocker, in patients with hypertension inadequately controlled with S-amlodipine monotherapy.Patients and methods: Eligible patients (N=187 who failed to respond after 4-week S-amlodipine 2.5 mg monotherapy (sitting diastolic blood pressure [sitDBP] ≥90 mmHg to receive CKD-828 2.5/40 mg (n=63, CKD-828 2.5/80 mg (n=63, or S-amlodipine 2.5 mg (n=61 for 8 weeks. The primary efficacy endpoint, mean sitDBP change from baseline to Week 8, was compared between the combination (CKD-828 2.5/40 mg and CKD-828 2.5/80 mg and S-amlodipine monotherapy groups. The safety was assessed based on adverse events, vital signs, and physical examination findings.Results: After the 8

  18. A systematic review of scope and quality of health economic evaluation studies in Vietnam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bach Xuan Tran

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The application of health economic evaluation (HEE evidence can play an important role in strategic planning and policy making. This study aimed to assess the scope and quality of existing research, with the goal of elucidating implications for improving the use of HEE evidence in Vietnam. METHODS: A comprehensive search strategy was developed to search medical online databases (Medline, Google Scholar, and Vietnam Medical Databases to select all types of HEE studies except cost-only analyses. Two researchers assessed the quality of selected studies using the Quality of Health Economic Studies (QHES instrument. RESULTS: We selected 26 studies, including 6 published in Vietnam. The majority of these studies focused on infectious diseases (14 studies, with HIV being the most common topic (5 studies. Most papers were cost-effectiveness studies that measured health outcomes using DALY units. Using QHES, we found that the overall quality of HEE studies published internationally was much higher (mean score 88.7+13.3 than that of those published in Vietnam (mean score 67.3+22.9. Lack of costing perspectives, reliable data sources and sensitivity analysis were the main shortcomings of the reviewed studies. CONCLUSION: This review indicates that HEE studies published in Vietnam are limited in scope and number, as well as by several important technical errors or omissions. It is necessary to formalize the process of health economic research in Vietnam and to institutionalize the links between researchers and policy-makers. Additionally, the quality of HEE should be enhanced through education about research techniques, and the implementation of standard HEE guidelines.

  19. Methods for Health Economic Evaluation of Vaccines and Immunization Decision Frameworks: A Consensus Framework from a European Vaccine Economics Community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ultsch, Bernhard; Damm, Oliver; Beutels, Philippe; Bilcke, Joke; Brüggenjürgen, Bernd; Gerber-Grote, Andreas; Greiner, Wolfgang; Hanquet, Germaine; Hutubessy, Raymond; Jit, Mark; Knol, Mirjam; von Kries, Rüdiger; Kuhlmann, Alexander; Levy-Bruhl, Daniel; Perleth, Matthias; Postma, Maarten; Salo, Heini; Siebert, Uwe; Wasem, Jürgen; Wichmann, Ole

    2016-03-01

    Incremental cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analyses [health economic evaluations (HEEs)] of vaccines are routinely considered in decision making on immunization in various industrialized countries. While guidelines advocating more standardization of such HEEs (mainly for curative drugs) exist, several immunization-specific aspects (e.g. indirect effects or discounting approach) are still a subject of debate within the scientific community. The objective of this study was to develop a consensus framework for HEEs of vaccines to support the development of national guidelines in Europe. A systematic literature review was conducted to identify prevailing issues related to HEEs of vaccines. Furthermore, European experts in the field of health economics and immunization decision making were nominated and asked to select relevant aspects for discussion. Based on this, a workshop was held with these experts. Aspects on 'mathematical modelling', 'health economics' and 'decision making' were debated in group-work sessions (GWS) to formulate recommendations and/or--if applicable--to state 'pros' and 'contras'. A total of 13 different aspects were identified for modelling and HEE: model selection, time horizon of models, natural disease history, measures of vaccine-induced protection, duration of vaccine-induced protection, indirect effects apart from herd protection, target population, model calibration and validation, handling uncertainty, discounting, health-related quality of life, cost components, and perspectives. For decision making, there were four aspects regarding the purpose and the integration of HEEs of vaccines in decision making as well as the variation of parameters within uncertainty analyses and the reporting of results from HEEs. For each aspect, background information and an expert consensus were formulated. There was consensus that when HEEs are used to prioritize healthcare funding, this should be done in a consistent way across all interventions

  20. Alterations in Epidermal Eicosanoid Metabolism Contribute to Inflammation and Impaired Late Differentiation in FLG-Mutated Atopic Dermatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blunder, Stefan; Rühl, Ralph; Moosbrugger-Martinz, Verena; Krimmel, Christine; Geisler, Anita; Zhu, Huiting; Crumrine, Debra; Elias, Peter M; Gruber, Robert; Schmuth, Matthias; Dubrac, Sandrine

    2017-03-01

    Loss-of-function mutations in the FLG gene cause ichthyosis vulgaris (IV) and represent the major predisposing genetic risk factor for atopic dermatitis (AD). Although both conditions are characterized by epidermal barrier impairment, AD also exhibits signs of inflammation. This work was aimed at delineating the role of FLG loss-of-function mutations on eicosanoid metabolism in IV and AD. Using human epidermal equivalents (HEEs) generated with keratinocytes isolated from nonlesional skin of patients with FLG wild-type AD (WT/WT), FLG-mutated AD (FLG/WT), IV (FLG/FLG), or FLG WT control skin, we assessed the potential autocrine role of epidermal-derived eicosanoids in FLG-associated versus FLG-WT AD pathogenesis. Ultrastructural analyses demonstrated abnormal stratum corneum lipid architecture in AD and IV HEEs, independent of FLG genotype. Both AD (FLG/WT) and IV (FLG/FLG) HEEs showed impaired late epidermal differentiation. Only AD (FLG/WT) HEEs exhibited significantly increased levels of inflammatory cytokines. Analyses of lipid mediators revealed increased arachidonic acid and 12-lipoxygenase metabolites. Whereas treatment of control HEEs with arachidonic acid increased expression of inflammatory cytokines, 12-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid attenuated expression of late differentiation markers. Thus, FLG mutations lead to alterations in epidermal eicosanoid metabolism that could serve as an autocrine trigger of inflammation and impaired late epidermal differentiation in AD.

  1. Holographic entanglement entropy of anisotropic minimal surfaces in LLM geometries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Chanju; Kim, Kyung Kiu; Kwon, O.-Kab

    2016-08-01

    We calculate the holographic entanglement entropy (HEE) of the Zk orbifold of Lin-Lunin-Maldacena (LLM) geometries which are dual to the vacua of the mass-deformed ABJM theory with Chern-Simons level k. By solving the partial differential equations analytically, we obtain the HEEs for all LLM solutions with arbitrary M2 charge and k up to μ02 -order where μ0 is the mass parameter. The renormalized entanglement entropies are all monotonically decreasing near the UV fixed point in accordance with the F-theorem. Except the multiplication factor and to all orders in μ0, they are independent of the overall scaling of Young diagrams which characterize LLM geometries. Therefore we can classify the HEEs of LLM geometries with Zk orbifold in terms of the shape of Young diagrams modulo overall size. HEE of each family is a pure number independent of the 't Hooft coupling constant except the overall multiplication factor. We extend our analysis to obtain HEE analytically to μ04 -order for the symmetric droplet case.

  2. Holographic entanglement entropy of anisotropic minimal surfaces in LLM geometries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chanju Kim

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available We calculate the holographic entanglement entropy (HEE of the Zk orbifold of Lin–Lunin–Maldacena (LLM geometries which are dual to the vacua of the mass-deformed ABJM theory with Chern–Simons level k. By solving the partial differential equations analytically, we obtain the HEEs for all LLM solutions with arbitrary M2 charge and k up to μ02-order where μ0 is the mass parameter. The renormalized entanglement entropies are all monotonically decreasing near the UV fixed point in accordance with the F-theorem. Except the multiplication factor and to all orders in μ0, they are independent of the overall scaling of Young diagrams which characterize LLM geometries. Therefore we can classify the HEEs of LLM geometries with Zk orbifold in terms of the shape of Young diagrams modulo overall size. HEE of each family is a pure number independent of the 't Hooft coupling constant except the overall multiplication factor. We extend our analysis to obtain HEE analytically to μ04-order for the symmetric droplet case.

  3. Holographic Entanglement Entropy of Anisotropic Minimal Surfaces in LLM Geometries

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, Chanju; Kwon, O-Kab

    2016-01-01

    We calculate the holographic entanglement entropy (HEE) of the $\\mathbb{Z}_k$ orbifold of Lin-Lunin-Maldacena (LLM) geometries which are dual to the vacua of the mass-deformed ABJM theory with Chern-Simons level $k$. By solving the partial differential equations analytically, we obtain the HEEs for all LLM solutions with arbitrary M2 charge and $k$ up to $\\mu_0^2$-order where $\\mu_0$ is the mass parameter. The renormalized entanglement entropies are all monotonically decreasing near the UV fixed point in accordance with the $F$-theorem. Except the multiplication factor and to all orders in $\\mu_0$, they are independent of the overall scaling of Young diagrams which characterize LLM geometries. Therefore we can classify the HEEs of LLM geometries with $\\mathbb{Z}_k$ orbifold in terms of the shape of Young diagrams modulo overall size. HEE of each family is a pure number independent of the 't Hooft coupling constant except the overall multiplication factor. We extend our analysis to obtain HEE analytically to $...

  4. Comorbidities in obstructive lung disease in Korea: data from the fourth and fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Park HJ

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Hee Jin Park, Ah Young Leem, Sang Hoon Lee, Ju Han Song, Moo Suk Park, Young Sam Kim, Se Kyu Kim, Joon Chang, Kyung Soo Chung Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Severance Hospital, Institute of Chest Disease, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea Background: Comorbidities can occur frequently in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD and can influence mortality and morbidity independently. It is increasingly recognized that many patients with COPD have comorbidities that have a major impact on their quality of life and survival. Therefore, we investigated the prevalence of comorbidities in Korean COPD populations. Methods: We used data obtained in the 6 years of the fourth and fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV and V. Among 50,405 subjects, 16,151 subjects aged ≥40 years who performed spirometry adequately were included in this study. Airway obstruction was defined as forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity <0.7, and the Global Initiative For Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease stage was used to evaluate the severity of airway obstruction. Statistical analyses were performed using SAS 9.2. Results: Among the 16,151 subjects (43.2% male, 56.8% female; mean age: 57.1 years for men and 57.2 years for women, 13.1% had obstructive lung function; 11.3%, restrictive lung function; and 75.6%, normal lung function. Among individuals with obstructive lung function, 45.3%, 49.4%, and 5.3% had mild, moderate, and severe and very severe airflow limitation. The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus (DM, underweight, and hypertriglyceridemia was higher in the obstructive lung function group than in the normal lung function group (49.6% vs 35.2%; 16.8% vs 10.5%; 3.3% vs 1.3%; 19.7% vs 17.0%. According to the severity of airway obstruction, hypertension and underweight were more common as severity increased

  5. Pharmacokinetic comparison of sustained- and immediate-release formulations of cilostazol after multiple oral doses in fed healthy male Korean volunteers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim YH

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Yo Han Kim,1 Jong-Lyul Ghim,2 Jin Ah Jung,2 Sang-Heon Cho,3 Sangmin Choe,4 Hee Youn Choi,1 Kyun-Seop Bae,1 Hyeong-Seok Lim1 1Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, 2Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Inje University, Busan Paik Hospital, Busan, 3Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Inha University Hospital, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, 4Clinical Trials Center, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Republic of Korea Background: A new extended-release form of cilostazol has recently been developed. This study was conducted to compare the pharmacokinetic characteristics of sustained-release (SR and immediate-release (IR formulations of cilostazol after multiple oral doses in healthy male Korean volunteers.Methods: This was an open-label, randomized, multiple-dose, crossover study conducted in 30 healthy Korean subjects. In each treatment period, subjects received oral doses of 200 mg SR formulation every 24 hours or 100 mg IR formulation every 12 hours for 5 consecutive days in a fed state, with a washout period of 9 days. The plasma concentrations of cilostazol and its metabolites were determined using a validated liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method. The area under the plasma concentration–time curve within a dosing interval (AUCT, the measured peak plasma concentration at steady state (Cmax,ss, and the time to reach Cmax,ss (tmax,ss were analyzed using a noncompartmental method. Results: A total of 24 healthy male subjects completed the study. The mean (standard deviation [SD] AUCT (96–120 hours values for SR and IR were 27,378.0 (10,301.6 ng·h/mL and 27,860.3 (7,152.3 ng·h/mL, respectively. The mean (SD Cmax,ss values were 2,741.4 (836.0 ng/mL and 2,051.0 (433.2 ng/mL, respectively. The median tmax,ss values were 8.0 hours and 4.0 hours, respectively. The geometric mean ratios (90% confidence intervals of

  6. Quantum Field Theory in Curved Spacetime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Sally C.; Gallagher, Andrew

    2012-03-01

    List of contributors; Foreword J. T. Francis Thackeray; 1. African genesis: an evolving paradigm Sally C. Reynolds; 2. Academic genealogy Peter Ungar and Phillip V. Tobias; Part I. In Search of Origins: Evolutionary Theory, New Species, and Paths into the Past: 3. Speciation in hominin evolution Colin Groves; 4. Searching for a new paradigm for hominid origins in Chad (Central Africa) Michel Brunet; 5. From hominoid arboreality to hominid bipedalism Brigitte Senut; 6. Orrorin and the African ape/hominid dichotomy Martin Pickford; 7. A brief history and results of 40 years of Sterkfontein excavations Ronald J. Clarke; Part II. Hominin Morphology Through Time: Brains, Bodies and Teeth: 8. Hominin brain evolution, 1925-2011: an emerging overview Dean Falk; 9. The issue of brain reorganisation in Australopithecus and early hominids: Dart had it right Ralph L. Holloway; 10. The mass of the human brain: is it a spandrel? Paul R. Manger, Jason Hemingway, Muhammad Spocter and Andrew Gallagher; 11. Origin and diversity of early hominin bipedalism Henry M. McHenry; 12. Forelimb adaptations in Australopithecus afarensis Michelle S. M. Drapeau; 13. Hominin proximal femur morphology from the Tugen Hills to Flores Brian G. Richmond and William L. Jungers; 14. Daily rates of dentine formation and root extension rates in Paranthropus boisei, KNM-ER 1817, from Koobi Fora, Kenya M. Christopher Dean; 15. On the evolutionary development of early hominid molar teeth and the Gondolin Paranthropus molar Kevin L. Kuykendall; 16. Digital South African fossils: morphological studies using reference-based reconstruction and electronic preparation Gerhard W. Weber, Philipp Gunz, Simon Neubauer, Philipp Mitteroecker and Fred L. Bookstein; Part III. Modern Human Origins: Patterns, and Processes: 17. Body size in African Middle Pleistocene Homo Steven E. Churchill, Lee R. Berger, Adam Hartstone-Rose and Headman Zondo; 18. The African origin of recent humanity Milford H. Wolpoff and Sang-Hee Lee

  7. Progression i musikundervisningen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahlbæk, Annelise

    Hvad er progression? ; Musikalitetsbegrebet ; Fælles mål for musik ; Modeller som redskab ; Stemmen : sang ; Sammenspil ; Dans og bevægelse ; Lytning......Hvad er progression? ; Musikalitetsbegrebet ; Fælles mål for musik ; Modeller som redskab ; Stemmen : sang ; Sammenspil ; Dans og bevægelse ; Lytning...

  8. A Tibetan Woman Has Conquered Mt. Qumolangma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    KUN Sang, which means "perfect" in Tibetan, is the name of an ordinary Tibetan woman. Obviously, it contains her parents’ wishes for her. Kun Sang, the heroine of this article, is a mountaineer and conqueror of the highest peak of the world.

  9. Meie esimese luuletõlke-antoloogia puhul : [rets.] / Ain Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaalep, Ain, 1926-

    1997-01-01

    Ilm.: Kirjandus kriitiku pilguga : artikleid, arvustusi ja aastaülevaateid 1975-1976. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1978, lk. 25-31 ; Keel ja Kirjandus 1975, nr. 5, lk. 309-311 . Rets. rmt.: Sang, August. Laenatud laulud I: luuletõlkeid. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1973. 336 lk.; Sang, August. Laenatud laulud II: luuletõlkeid. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1974. 392 lk.

  10. Kaks grenaderi : [luuletused] / Heinrich Heine ; tlk. August Sang, Ellen Niit, Karl Eduard Sööt, Gustav Wulff-Õis, Minni Nurme, Märt Pukits, Anna Haava, Debora Vaarandi, Jaan Kross, August Annist, Jaan Kärner, Martin Lipp, Jakob Tamm, Eduard Lud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heine, Heinrich, 1797-1856

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Kaks grenaderi ; Ärasõit ; Emale ; "See oli lahkel lehekuul..." ; "Mu silmaveest sigivad lilled..." ; "Su nägu armast, ilusat..." ; "Sääl kõrgel liikumata..." ; "Sind kannan laulu tiivul..." ; "Õrn lootoslill end varjab..." ; "Maailm on juhm, ja juhmimaks..." ; "Kui teaksid lilled aasal..." ; Lüüriline intermetso ; "Maast särava päikese poole..." ; "On suvi nüüd, õhetav suvi..." ; "Näen unes sind ma öösiti..." ; "Puil sügistuul raputab oksi..." ; "Kord mu hämarasse ellu..." ; "Mis peaks küll tähendama..." ; "Sa, kaunis kaluritütar..." ; "Kuu tõusnud kulla karva..." ; "Kuu kui hiiglapomerants..." ; "Öö ligines... Õhtu eha sees..." ; "Ma kaugel horisondil..." ; "Öö vaikuses on linn kõik vaga..." ; "Küll aastad tulevad, kaovad..." ; "Kuu paistis kurvalt - nii nägin und..." ; "Ilm arvab armuvalus..." ; "See, kes esmakordselt armub..." ; "Suveõhtu hämardumas..." ; "Öö on teel... Silm ette vaatab..." ; "Kus on nüüd see kullakene..." ; Mäeidüll ; "Kui sa valge puu all istud..." ; "Jälle süda unest ärkab..." ; "Nägin haldjaid kihutamas..." ; "Ülal tähed kuldseil jalgel..." ; Seraphine : "Öö on mustad tiivad laotand..." ; "Nii vaikselt viirab merepind..." ; "Hämar öö on üle mere..." ; "Kui oleks ta kullast, nii sädeleb..." ; Hortense : "Me tänavanurgal seisime ; "Ei kaua petnud mind see õnn..." ; Klarisse : "On hilja, mis sa naerad mulle..." ; Anno 1839 ; Kus? ; Saladus ; Laatsarus : Surija ; Targad tähed ; Saksamaa ; Elusõit. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 459

  11. Intensive therapy before or during the conditioning regimen of allogeneic marrow transplantation in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients: we must choose to reduce Toxicity--a Groupe Ouest-Est d'Etude des Leucemies et Autres Maladies du Sang study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deconinck, Eric; Hunault, Mathilde; Milpied, Noël; Bernard, Marc; Renaud, Marc; Desablens, Bernard; Delain, Martine; Witz, Francis; Lioure, Bruno; Pignon, Bernard; Guyotat, Denis; Berthou, Christian; Jouet, Jean-Pierre; Casassus, Phillipe; Ifrah, Norbert; Boiron, Jean-Michel

    2005-06-01

    To improve the results in the treatment of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients, different strategies have been proposed. The intensification could concern the induction and early consolidation phases, the conditioning regimen before allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (alloBMT), or both. We analyzed 2 consecutive trials for adult patients in first remission and with the same prognostic features. The Leucemie Aigue Lymphoblastique Paris-Ouest-France (LALPOF) protocol proposed alloBMT with standard conditioning after a classic induction and intensified consolidation scheme; the Groupe Ouest Est des Leucemies Aigues Lymphoblastiques (GOLEAL1) protocol tested an intensified induction and consolidation course before alloBMT with a reinforced conditioning regimen. The 4-year survival rates after alloBMT for LALPOF and GOELAL1 were, respectively, 71% +/- 12% and 36% +/- 13% ( P = .009). The 4-year disease-free survival reached 75% +/- 11% in the LALPOF study and 69% +/- 13% in the GOELAL1 study ( P = .30). The toxic death rate was significantly lower in the LALPOF (2/18) than in the GOELAL1 (6/15) group. Event-free survival at 4 years was significantly higher in LALPOF than in GOELAL1: 66% +/- 11% and 35% +/- 11%, respectively ( P = .02). For adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients in first remission, the intensification of chemotherapy before a reinforced conditioning regimen before alloBMT may lead to an increased toxic death rate.

  12. Avaliação da relação do prurido e níveis sangüíneos de IgE com a gravidade do quadro clínico em pacientes com dermatite atópica Evaluating the relation between pruritus, serum IgE levels and severity of clinical manifestations in atopic dermatitis patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magda Blessmann Weber

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTOS: Pacientes portadores de dermatite atópica apresentam freqüentemente níveis séricos elevados de IgE, e o prurido é uma das manifestações cardinais da doença. OBJETIVOS: Descrever as características do prurido nos pacientes com dermatite atópica (DA e correlacionar a gravidade do eczema com os níveis plasmáticos de imunoglobulina E (IgE. MÉTODOS: Os pacientes com dermatite atópica atendidos no Serviço de Dermatologia do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre e nos Serviços de Pediatria e Dermatologia da Universidade Luterana do Brasil responderam a um questionário sobre sintomas da dermatite atópica e deles foi coletado sangue para dosagem da IgE sérica. A gravidade da dermatose foi calculada conforme critérios sugeridos por Rajka et al. Os dados foram analisados no programa SPSS. RESULTADOS: Oitenta e nove pacientes completaram o estudo. A média de idade foi de 9,6 ± 9 anos, e 51% dos pacientes eram do sexo feminino. Quando analisada a freqüência de prurido de acordo com a gravidade do quadro clínico, foi encontrada uma relação significativa (p = 0,003. Os pacientes com quadro leve de dermatite atópica tinham coceira diária em 45% dos casos; aqueles com quadro grave tinham 90,9% de sintomas diários; e apenas 4,5% tinham mais de sete dias de intervalo entre os episódios de coceira. A mediana dos níveis de IgE sérica foi de 347UIml. As medianas da IgE sérica nos pacientes com eczema leve, moderado e grave foram 279UIml, 347UI/ml e 952UI/ml, respectivamente (p = 0,699. Pacientes do sexo feminino apresentaram níveis de IgE menores do que os do sexo masculino (212UI/ml and 2067UI/ml, p= 0,004. CONCLUSÃO: Pacientes com quadros graves de dermatite atópica apresentam prurido mais freqüente do que aqueles com manifestações mais leves. Na avaliação dos níveis séricos de IgE em relação à gravidade da DA, apesar de os valores serem mais altos nos pacientes mais graves, não se encontrou relação estatística significativa. Pacientes do sexo masculino têm níveis séricos de IgE significativamente mais altos do que os do sexo feminino. A freqüência do prurido está relacionada com a gravidade da dermatite atópica.BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis patients often have high serum immunoglubulin E (IgE levels and pruritus is a major symptom of the disorder. OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of pruritus in atopic dermatitis (AD patients and to correlate severity of eczema with plasma IgE levels. METHODS: Patients with atopic dermatitis seen at the Dermatology Service of Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre and at the Dermatology and Pediatrics Service of Universidade Luterana do Brasil filled out a questionnaire on AD symptoms and had their blood collected for serum IgE levels. Severity of dermatitis was assessed according to criteria adopted by Rajka et al. Data were analyzed by SPSS program. RESULTS: Eighty-nine patients completed the study. The mean age was 9.6 ± 9 years and 51% were female. The relation between frequency of pruritus and severity of dermatitis was significant (p=0.003. Forty-five percent of patients with mild atopic dermatitis presented pruritus every day, 90.9% of severe patients showed daily symptoms, and only 4.5% remained symptom-free for more than seven days. The median serum IgE level was 347 UI/ml. The median serum IgE levels for mild, moderate and severe cases was 279 UI/ml, 347 UI/ml and 952UI/ml, respectively (p=0.699. Females showed significantly lower serum IgE levels when compared to males (212 UI/ml vs. 2067 UI/ml, p=0.004. CONCLUSIONS: Although IgE levels were higher in severe patients, this study did not demonstrate a trend toward greater levels in patients with severe eczema as compared with mild eczema. Males have significantly higher serum IgE levels than females.

  13. A influência do tratamento periodontal não cirúrgico sobre o perfil lipídico e células sangüíneas de pacientes portadores de periodontite crônica generalizada

    OpenAIRE

    Marília da Silva Pereira Bittencourt

    2008-01-01

    O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar se o tratamento periodontal não cirúrgico exercia alguma influência sobre o perfil lipídico, os elementos celulares das séries banca e vermelha do sangue, plaquetas e VHS de pacientes portadores de periodontite crônica generalizada. Dezoito pacientes, com média de idade de 50,6 anos ( 7,6), foram submetidos, previamente ao tratamento periodontal e 30 dias após o mesmo, à coleta de 10ml de sangue periférico, através do qual foram analisados o perfil lipíd...

  14. "公司+农户"型产业链合作机制的演进与优化研究——以"皮毛之乡"桑坡村为例%Research on the Evolution of Industry Chain Collaboration in"Company Plus Farmer"——Examples Taken from the"Fur and Leather Village"Sang Bo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伦蕊

    2008-01-01

    文章回顾了河南桑坡村"公司+农户"型皮毛加工产业链网系统的演进与优化历程,解释了这种链网系统如何破解公司与农户正式契约关系中由买方垄断所带来的机会主义问题.同时,文幸对正式制度演化过程中非正式制度所发挥的关键作用,以及地方政府部门在链网系统日常维护中的政策导向等相关问题进行了延伸思考.

  15. Obtenção e caracterização de anticorpo monoclonal murino anti-fator VIII da coagulação sangüínea Attainment and characterization of murine monoclonal anti-factor VIII antibodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana Rossi-Ferreira

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Entre os avanços da engenharia celular e biotecnologia nas últimas décadas, destaca-se a produção de anticorpos monoclonais murinos (AcMm utilizados no aprimoramento diagnóstico nas rotinas laboratoriais. A produção de fator VIII de alta pureza sempre foi o desejo e a preocupação das indústrias de hemoderivados para tratamento de pacientes portadores de hemofilia A, porém este produto inexiste no Brasil, sendo necessária sua obtenção no mercado internacional a custos elevados. O trabalho tem por objetivo a produção de AcMm anti-fator VIII humano (FVIII H através da expansão dos clones e caracterização imunoquímica do anticorpo. Camundongos Balb/c foram imunizados com FVIII H purificado como também proveniente de crioprecipitado e as células esplênicas dos animais foram fusionadas com células mielomatosas murinas segundo o método descrito por Kohler e Milstein para produção de híbridos em cultura. Foram testados 1.983 híbridos dos quais 105 foram submetidos à clonagem. Destes, 39 obtiveram monoclonalidade e 7 destes clones foram caracterizados através de técnicas de immunoblotting. Foram submetidas à purificação por cromatografia três imunoglobulinas de diferentes classes pertencentes aos clones LAMB1-10A1A4, LAMB1-17A1A1 e LAMB1-24A2A1. A imunoglobulina purificada pertencente ao clone LAMB1-10A1A4 foi adsorvida em coluna de imunoafinidade para purificação de concentrado de FVIII proveniente de crioprecipitado plasmático.Among the advances in cellular engineering and biotechnology over the last decades, the production of murine monoclonal antibodies (AcMm, used to improve laboratory diagnoses, stands out. The production of very pure factor VIII has always been a concern of suppliers of blood products to treat patients with hemophilia A and this product is still not produced in Brazil. Hence, it can only be attained on the international market at a high cost. The aim of this work was to produce AcMm anti-factor VIII human (FVIIIh by expanding clones and characterizing the antibodies by immunochemistry. Balb/c mice were immunized with FVIII both purified and from cryoprecipitation and the splenic cells of the animals were fused with myelomatous murine cells according to the method described by Kohler and Milstein to produce hybrids in a culture. A total of 1983 hybrids were tested and 105 were selected for cloning. Of these, 39 developed monoclonality and 7 of these clones were characterized through immunoblotting techniques. Three immunoglobulins from different classes, LAMB1-10A1A4, LAMB1-17A1A1 and LAMB1-24A2A1, were submitted to chromatography for purification. The purified immunoglobulin from the LAMB1-10A1A4 clone was adsorbed in the immunoaffinity column to purify the factor VIII concentrate coming from the plasmatic cryoprecipitate.

  16. Detection and surveillance of rejection reactions after heart transplant by means of a sequence of MRI of `black blood` type; Detection et surveillance des reactions de rejet apres transplantation cardiaque a l`aide d`un sequence d`IRM de type `sang noire`

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David, N.; Escanye, J.M.; Marwan, N.S.; Marie, P.Y.; Perlot, P.; Angioi, M.; Walker, P.; Quiri, N.; Arsena, T.; Hassan, N.; Villemot, J.P.; Mattei, S.; Karcher, G.; Bertrand, A. [Medecine Nucleaire, CHU-Nancy (France)

    1997-12-31

    A echocardiography and a MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) investigation were achieved at 3 months to 7 years after heart transplant in 61 patients among whose 35 were suspected of rejection and 32 have had a myocardial biopsy. The myocardial (T{sub 2}) transversal relaxation time was determined by using an inversion-recovery/spin-echo upon a magnet of 0.5 T. The rejection diagnosis criteria by echography was compared with that of a anomalistic high value of T{sub 2}: 1. the MRI was positive but the echography not in 5 cases, all having positive biopsies; 2. the echography was positive but the MRI was not in 10 cases among which all the biopsies were negative; 3. the MRI and the echography gave concordant results in 46 cases (7 positives and 39 negatives) among which an agreement with the biopsy results was observed in 91% (20/22) of cases. The 12 patients having a positive MRI have had a new examination at 2 to 15 days after the anti-rejection treatment; the T{sub 2} values got normalized. In conclusion, the determination of the myocardial T{sub 2} by means of a `black blood` MRI sequence appears to be superior to an echocardiography in detecting the rejections after heart transplant and could be utilised to evaluate the efficiency of anti-rejection treatment

  17. Gluconeogenic supplements do not affect production, reproductive traits and blood metabolite of holstein cows during the transition period Produtos gliconeogênicos não afetam respostas produtivas, reprodutivas e sangüínea de vacas holandesas em transição

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Garcez de Oliveira

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of gluconeogenic supplements for dairy cows during the transition period has produced contradictory responses in the literature, making it difficult to recommend them. The objective of this trial was to evaluate supplementation with propylene glycol (PG, calcium propionate (CP, and "Dairy Power Drench®" (DR on the transitional period of Holstein cows. Parameters studied were variation of body condition score (BCS, body weight (BW, milk production (MP, reproductive efficiency and nonesterified fatty acid concentration (NEFA. One hundred and sixty five animals from two commercial herds were used. Treatments consisted of: C- Control; DR- administration of "Dairy Power Drench®" (3 applications during postpartum; CP- daily administration of calcium propionate (500 g; PG- daily administration of propylene glycol (500 mL. Variation sources studied were the effect of treatments and blocks as function of farm and parity. No interaction between time (weeks and treatments, or treatment effects, were found for BCS. However, there was a quadratic effect of time. Body weight and its variation were not affected by treatment nor by the time × treatment interaction. However, a quadratic effect of time was observed. An interaction time × treatment was observed on MP, but possible differences within each week were not detected. Treatments also did not affect reproductive efficiency parameters. On average, the number of days to first detected postpartum estrus was 69.5, with 2.23 services per conception and 172.6 days open. The mean concentration of nonesterified fatty acids was 376.6 mmol L-1 and no effect of the interaction time × treatment, or of treatment, was observed. However, a linear effect was observed with time, with a decrease of 48.2 mmol L-1 per week.O uso de produtos gliconeogênicos para vacas leiteiras no período de transição tem gerado respostas contraditórias na literatura, dificultando a sua recomendação. O objetivo deste experimento foi avaliar a suplementação de propileno glicol (PG, propionato de cálcio (PC e "Dairy Power Drench®" (DR no período de transição de vacas leiteiras sobre a variação do escore da condição corporal (ECC, peso vivo (PV, produção de leite (PL, eficiência reprodutiva e concentração plasmática dos ácidos graxos livres (AGL. Foram utilizadas 165 fêmeas de dois rebanhos comerciais. Os tratamentos foram: C- Controle; DR- 3 aplicações de "Dairy Power Drench®" no pós-parto; PC- 500 g diários de PC e PG- 500 mL diários de PG, até o 50º dia pós-parto, em média. As causas de variação estudadas foram efeito de tratamento e efeito dos blocos formados em função da fazenda e do número de partos. Não foi observado efeito de interação de tempo (semanas × tratamento ou de tratamento sobre ECC. Entretanto, houve efeito quadrático de tempo. Para o PV e variação diária de PV não foi observado efeito dos tratamentos, nem interação entre tempo × tratamento. Entretanto, apresentaram efeito quadrático de tempo. Para PL, houve efeito de interação tempo × tratamento. Porém, dentro de cada semana, as possíveis diferenças não foram detectadas. Os tratamentos não afetaram os parâmetros de eficiência reprodutiva. Encontraram-se, em média, 69,5 dias para o aparecimento do primeiro cio, 2,23 serviços por concepção e 172,6 dias para o período de serviço. As concentrações médias dos AGL foram de 376,6 mmol L-1, não se observando efeitos de tempo × tratamento ou de tratamento. Porém, apresentaram efeito linear de tempo, decrescendo 48,2 mmol L-1 por semana.

  18. Processamento do grão de milho e sua substituição parcial por polpa de citros peletizada sobre o desempenho, digestibilidade de nutrientes e parâmetros sangüíneos em vacas leiteiras Corn grain processing and its partial replacement by pelleted citrus pulp on performance, nutrient digestibility and blood parameters of dairy cows

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Corrêa de Simas

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available Quatro vacas lactantes, em arranjo fatorial 2x2, no delineamento Quadrado Latino 4x4, receberam os seguintes tratamentos: milho moído grosso; milho floculado; moído grosso + polpa cítrica; floculado + polpa cítrica. A floculação (efeito processamento aumentou as digestibilidades aparentes (% no trato total da MS, MO, amido e proteína, reduziu a concentração de N-NH3 ruminal, a proporção de acetato, mas aumentou propionato. A floculação tendeu a aumentar eficência alimentar percentual e produção de proteína do leite. Inclusão de polpa não afetou a ingestão de MS e aumentou digestibilidade de fibra. Inclusão de polpa aumentou a digestibilidade do amido (% no tratamento moído grosso. Amonia ruminal e proporção de propionato não foram afetadas pela inclusão de polpa, mas houve significativo aumento de acetato. Houve interação processamento x polpa sobre concentração de glicose plasmática. Produção de leite corrigida, eficiência alimentar, percentual e produção de gordura do leite aumentaram com a inclusão de polpa.Four lactating cows were assigned to a 4x4 Latin square design with a 2x2 factorial arrangement for the following treatments: coarsely ground corn; steam-flaked corn; coarsely ground + citrus pulp; steam-flaked + citrus pulp. Steam-flaking grain (processing effect increased total tract digestibility (% of DM, OM, starch and protein; decreased rumen NH3-N and acetate and increased ruminal propionate. Feed efficiency, milk protein content and yield tended to be higher for flaked corn. Inclusion of citrus pulp did not affect DM intake and increased fiber digestibility. Inclusion of citrus pulp increased starch digestibility (% in the case of coarsely ground corn diet. Rumen ammonia nitrogen and molar proportion of propionate were not affected by citrus pulp; ruminal acetate, however, was significantly increased. There was an interaction between grain processing and citrus pulp on plasma glucose concentration. Fat corrected milk, feed efficiency, milk fat content and yield were increased by citrus pulp.

  19. Bloodstream infections among patients using central venous catheters in intensive care units Infección de corriente sanguínea en pacientes con catéter venosos central en unidades de cuidado intensivo Infecções da corrente sangüínea em pacientes em uso de cateter venoso central em unidades de terapia intensiva

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Central Venous Catheters (CVC), widely used in Intensive Care Units (ICU) are important sources of bloodstream infections (BSI). This prospective cohort epidemiological analytical study, aimed to infer the incidence of BSI, the risk factors associated and evaluate the care actions related to the use of these catheters in seven ICU in the Federal District - Brasília, Brazil. From the 630 patients using CVC, 6.4% developed BSI (1.5% directly related to the catheter and 4.9% clinic BSI). The hos...

  20. Tratamento endovascular de aneurisma da artéria renal por embolização com micromolas preservando o fluxo sangüíneo renal: relato de caso Endovascular treatment of renal artery aneurysm using microcoil embolization and renal blood flow preservation: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Aurélio Cardozo

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available O tratamento endovascular da doença aneurismática da artéria renal tem sido, cada vez mais, aceito como uma alternativa à cirurgia convencional, especialmente em casos de aneurismas complexos intra-parenquimatosos ou que comprometam a bifurcação da artéria renal. Os autores relatam a experiência do tratamento endovascular de uma paciente com aneurisma sacular da bifurcação da artéria renal direita, associado à hipertensão renovascular de difícil controle. Foi realizada a cateterização seletiva da artéria renal, com a inserção de micromolas no saco aneurismático. O aneurisma foi completamente ocluído com preservação total do fluxo sanguíneo renal. A evolução clínica foi satisfatória com redução significativa das medicações anti-hipertensivas. A angio-tomografia de controle, após o oitavo mês do procedimento, confirmou o sucesso do tratamento.Endovascular treatment of renal artery aneurysmal disease has been increasingly accepted as an alternative to conventional surgery, especially in cases of renal artery bifurcation or complex intrarenal aneurysms. The authors report a case of endovascular treatment of a saccular aneurysm of the right renal artery bifurcation associated with poorly controlled renovascular hypertension. Selective catheterization of the renal artery was performed and microcoils were inserted into the aneurysmal sac. The aneurysm was completely obliterated with total preservation of renal blood flow. Clinical evolution was satisfactory with significant reduction in anti-hypertensive drugs. Control tomographic angiography, after eight months, confirmed treatment success.

  1. Variações em metabólitos no plasma e hormônios no soro sangüíneo de coelhas alimentadas com farelo de canola em substituição gradual ao farelo de soja Changes in metabolic plasma and serum hormones in female rabbits fed on diets with canola meal gradually replacing soybean meal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lígia Vieira Lage

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar as possíveis variações dos níveis plasmáticos de glicose, triglicerídeos, colesterol total, uréia e os níveis do soro sanguíneo de estradiol, progesterona, insulina, T3 e T4 em coelhas alimentadas com dietas em que o farelo de canola substituiu em 00%, 33%, 66% e 100% o farelo de soja, no período de 43 aos 225 dias de idade (final da primeira lactação. Foram utilizadas quarenta coelhas da raça Nova Zelândia Branca, em um delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com 4 tratamentos e 10 repetições. As coelhas foram cobertas aos 150 dias de idade. Aos 43, 80, 150, 184 e 225 dias, foram realizadas as coletas de sangue por punção cardíaca. Os níveis plasmáticos de glicose, triglicerídeos, colesterol total e uréia não foram alterados pelos níveis de substituição do farelo de soja pelo farelo de canola. No entanto, houve efeito quadrático em relação à idade dos animais. Os níveis no soro sanguíneo de estradiol, progesterona, insulina, T3 e T4 não apresentaram efeito de tratamento. Os níveis de progesterona e T4 apresentaram efeito quadrático em relação à idade das coelhas. As variações encontradas em função da idade dos animais poderiam ser atribuídas às variações ambientais ou fisiológicas durante o período de realização do experimento.Possible changes in plasma levels of glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, urea, serum levels of estradiol, progesterone, insulin, T3 and T4 in female rabbits are evaluated. Rabbits were fed on soybean meal in a gradual substitution (00%, 33%, 66% and 100% by canola meal. Rabbits aged 43 to 225 days, on completing first pregnancy and lactation. Forty White New Zealand rabbits female were used in a completely randomized design, with four treatments and 10 replications. At 43, 80, 150, 184 and 225 days old the animals underwent heart puncture for blood collection. Females were mated at 150 days. Levels of glucose plasma, triglycerides, total cholesterol and urea failed to show any significant variations with regard to treatment. However, a quadratic effect was reported with regard to time. There was no significant change in serum levels of estradiol (E2, progesterone, insulin, T3 and T4 attributed to treatment. Progesterone and T4 showed a quadratic behavior with regard to time. Feeding did not interfere in parameters. Changes recorded might be attributed to environmental and/or physiological variations experimented by animals during the period.

  2. Kaks grenaderi : [luuletused] / Heinrich Heine ; tlk. August Sang, Ellen Niit, Karl Eduard Sööt, Gustav Wulff-Õis, Minni Nurme, Märt Pukits, Anna Haava, Debora Vaarandi, Jaan Kross, August Annist, Jaan Kärner, Martin Lipp, Jakob Tamm, Eduard Lud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heine, Heinrich, 1797-1856

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Kaks grenaderi ; Ärasõit ; Emale ; "See oli lahkel lehekuul..." ; "Mu silmaveest sigivad lilled..." ; "Su nägu armast, ilusat..." ; "Sääl kõrgel liikumata..." ; "Sind kannan laulu tiivul..." ; "Õrn lootoslill end varjab..." ; "Maailm on juhm, ja juhmimaks..." ; "Kui teaksid lilled aasal..." ; Lüüriline intermetso ; "Maast särava päikese poole..." ; "On suvi nüüd, õhetav suvi..." ; "Näen unes sind ma öösiti..." ; "Puil sügistuul raputab oksi..." ; "Kord mu hämarasse ellu..." ; "Mis peaks küll tähendama..." ; "Sa, kaunis kaluritütar..." ; "Kuu tõusnud kulla karva..." ; "Kuu kui hiiglapomerants..." ; "Öö ligines... Õhtu eha sees..." ; "Ma kaugel horisondil..." ; "Öö vaikuses on linn kõik vaga..." ; "Küll aastad tulevad, kaovad..." ; "Kuu paistis kurvalt - nii nägin und..." ; "Ilm arvab armuvalus..." ; "See, kes esmakordselt armub..." ; "Suveõhtu hämardumas..." ; "Öö on teel... Silm ette vaatab..." ; "Kus on nüüd see kullakene..." ; Mäeidüll ; "Kui sa valge puu all istud..." ; "Jälle süda unest ärkab..." ; "Nägin haldjaid kihutamas..." ; "Ülal tähed kuldseil jalgel..." ; Seraphine : "Öö on mustad tiivad laotand..." ; "Nii vaikselt viirab merepind..." ; "Hämar öö on üle mere..." ; "Kui oleks ta kullast, nii sädeleb..." ; Hortense : "Me tänavanurgal seisime ; "Ei kaua petnud mind see õnn..." ; Klarisse : "On hilja, mis sa naerad mulle..." ; Anno 1839 ; Kus? ; Saladus ; Laatsarus : Surija ; Targad tähed ; Saksamaa ; Elusõit. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 459

  3. Bilaterally Weighted Patches for Disparity Map Computation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Fernández Julià

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Visual correspondence is the key for 3D reconstruction in binocular stereovision. Local methods perform block-matching to compute the disparity, or apparent motion, of pixels between images. The simplest approach computes the distance of patches, usually square windows, and assumes that all pixels in the patch have the same disparity. A prominent artifact of the method is the "foreground fattening effet" near depth discontinuities. In order to find a more appropriate support, Yoon and Kweon introduced the use of weights based on color similarity and spatial distance, analogous to those used in the bilateral filter. This paper presents the theory of this method and the implementation we have developed. Moreover, some variants are discussed and improvements are used in the final implementation. Several examples and tests are presented and the parameters and performance of the method are analyzed.

  4. Holographic Metal-Insulator Transition in Higher Derivative Gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Ling, Yi; Wu, Jian-Pin; Zhou, Zhenhua

    2016-01-01

    We introduce a Weyl term into the Einstein-Maxwell-Axion theory in four dimensional spacetime. Up to the first order of the Weyl coupling parameter $\\gamma$, we construct charged black brane solutions without translational invariance in a perturbative manner. Among all the holographic frameworks involving higher derivative gravity, we are the first to obtain metal-insulator transitions (MIT) when varying the system parameters at zero temperature. Furthermore, we study the holographic entanglement entropy (HEE) of strip geometry in this model and find that the second order derivative of HEE with respect to the axion parameter exhibits maximization behavior near quantum critical points (QCPs) of MIT. It testifies the conjecture in 1502.03661 and 1604.04857 that HEE itself or its derivatives can be used to diagnose quantum phase transition (QPT).

  5. Holographic metal-insulator transition in higher derivative gravity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Ling

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available We introduce a Weyl term into the Einstein–Maxwell-Axion theory in four dimensional spacetime. Up to the first order of the Weyl coupling parameter γ, we construct charged black brane solutions without translational invariance in a perturbative manner. Among all the holographic frameworks involving higher derivative gravity, we are the first to obtain metal-insulator transitions (MIT when varying the system parameters at zero temperature. Furthermore, we study the holographic entanglement entropy (HEE of strip geometry in this model and find that the second order derivative of HEE with respect to the axion parameter exhibits maximization behavior near quantum critical points (QCPs of MIT. It testifies the conjecture in [1,2] that HEE itself or its derivatives can be used to diagnose quantum phase transition (QPT.

  6. Holographic metal-insulator transition in higher derivative gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ling, Yi; Liu, Peng; Wu, Jian-Pin; Zhou, Zhenhua

    2017-03-01

    We introduce a Weyl term into the Einstein-Maxwell-Axion theory in four dimensional spacetime. Up to the first order of the Weyl coupling parameter γ, we construct charged black brane solutions without translational invariance in a perturbative manner. Among all the holographic frameworks involving higher derivative gravity, we are the first to obtain metal-insulator transitions (MIT) when varying the system parameters at zero temperature. Furthermore, we study the holographic entanglement entropy (HEE) of strip geometry in this model and find that the second order derivative of HEE with respect to the axion parameter exhibits maximization behavior near quantum critical points (QCPs) of MIT. It testifies the conjecture in [1,2] that HEE itself or its derivatives can be used to diagnose quantum phase transition (QPT).

  7. Thermodynamics and holographic entanglement entropy for spherical black holes in 5D Gauss-Bonnet gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Sun, Yuan; Zhao, Liu

    2016-01-01

    The holographic entanglement entropy is studied numerically in (4+1)-dimensional spherically symmetric Gauss-Bonnet AdS black hole spacetime with compact boundary. On the bulk side the black hole spacetime undergoes a van der Waals-like phase transition in the extended phase space, which is reviewed with emphasis on the behavior on the temperature-entropy plane. On the boundary, we calculated the regularized HEE of a disk region of different sizes. We find strong numerical evidence for the failure of equal area law for isobaric curves on the temperature-HEE plane and for the correctness of first law of entanglement entropy, and briefly give an explanation for why the latter may serve as a reason for the former, i.e. the failure of equal area law on the temperature-HEE plane.

  8. Thermodynamics and holographic entanglement entropy for spherical black holes in 5D Gauss-Bonnet gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Yuan; Xu, Hao; Zhao, Liu

    2016-09-01

    The holographic entanglement entropy is studied numerically in (4+1)-dimensional spherically symmetric Gauss-Bonnet AdS black hole spacetime with compact boundary. On the bulk side the black hole spacetime undergoes a van der Waals-like phase transition in the extended phase space, which is reviewed with emphasis on the behavior on the temperature-entropy plane. On the boundary, we calculated the regularized HEE of a disk region of different sizes. We find strong numerical evidence for the failure of equal area law for isobaric curves on the temperature-HEE plane and for the correctness of first law of entanglement entropy, and briefly give an explanation for why the latter may serve as a reason for the former, i.e. the failure of equal area law on the temperature-HEE plane.

  9. Reference: 511 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 511 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17217467i Yoo Hyun Hee et al. 2007 Fe...ons in AtWHY1. These lines exhibit neither growth nor developmental defects. However, AtWHY1-deficient plant...mere length homeostasis in Arabidopsis. 3 442-51 17217467 2007 Feb The Plant journal Chung In Kwon|Kwon Chian|Lee Myeong Min|Yoo Hyun Hee

  10. Studies on the Electron Reconstruction Efficiency for the Beam Calorimeter of an ILC Detector

    CERN Document Server

    Novgorodova, Olga

    2010-01-01

    In this talk recent simulation results on the single high energy electron reconstruction with the Beam Calorimeter for the ILD detector are presented. Guinea Pig is used to generate the e+e- pair background and GEANT4 for the simulation of electron showers in the calorimeter. An algorithm was developed for the sHEe reconstruction on top of the large e+e- background. The efficiency of the sHEe reconstruction is estimated for the nominal and SB-2009 ILC beam parameters.

  11. EDITORIAL: Flexible OLEDs and organic electronics Flexible OLEDs and organic electronics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jang-Joo; Han, Min-Koo; Noh, Yong-Young

    2011-03-01

    -voltage, solution-processed organic field-effect transistors M Caironi, Y-Y Noh and H Sirringhaus Nonvolatile memory thin-film transistors using an organic ferroelectric gate insulator and an oxide semiconducting channel Sung-Min Yoon, Shinhyuk Yang, Chun-Won Byun, Soon-Won Jung, Min-Ki Ryu, Sang-Hee Ko Park, ByeongHoon Kim, Himchan Oh, Chi-Sun Hwang and Byoung-Gon Yu The status and perspectives of metal oxide thin-film transistors for active matrix flexible displays Jae Kyeong Jeong Vertical phase segregation of hybrid poly(3-hexylthiophene) and fullerene derivative composites controlled via velocity of solvent drying Tao Song, Zhongwei Wu, Yingfen Tu, Yizheng Jin and Baoquan Sun Variations of cell performance in ITO-free organic solar cells with increasing cell areas Jun-Seok Yeo, Jin-Mun Yun, Seok-Soon Kim, Dong-Yu Kim, Junkyung Kim and Seok-In Na

  12. ONR Tokyo Scientific Bulletin. Volume 2, Number 2. April-June 1977,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-01-01

    authors were l)r. I lideshige lmai , Albany Medical (‘ollege , Albany, New York: I)rs. Albert I I . Sub way and V . Subramanyam , Northeastern...and already iu ~ operatio n . It occupies 245 hee t ares ( abou t 600 acres) of the n e w town. By Japanese s tamidards such a camu ipu s vt

  13. 同轴电缆通信与光通信

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    0612162 以太网无源光网络中动态带宽分配算法=Dynamic bandwidth allocation alorithm in ethernet passive optical networks[刊,英]/Hee-Jung Byun,Ji-Myung Nho//Electronics letters.-2003,39(13).-1001(E)

  14. Acupuncture laser in treating headache pain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smesny, Dunja B.

    1990-09-01

    Cervicoocipital headache observed in 112 patient were treated, half of them with acupuncture, and other 50% with He-e laser (con tinuous emission- lo mW, 633nm: IEC). With this treatment was also combined an exercise program ne cesary for the mobilisation of functionaly blocked vertebral segment.

  15. Breast Cancer Gene Therapy: Development of Novel Non-Invasive Magnetic Resonance Assay to Optimize Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-05-01

    86, 88, 89], isolated hepatocytes [90], rabbit colon and frog skin [86]. Thoma and Ugurbil [91] used this approach in a perfused liver. Comparison...Reson. Med. 1993, 29, 446-458. [253] P. S. Hees and C. H. Sotak, Assessment of changes in murine tumor oxygenation in response to nicotinamide using

  16. The impact of health economic evaluations in Sweden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heintz, Emelie; Arnberg, Karl; Levin, Lars-Åke; Liliemark, Jan; Davidson, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    The responsibility for healthcare in Sweden is shared by the central government, county councils and municipalities. The counties and municipalities are free to make their own prioritizations within the framework of the state healthcare laws. To guide prioritization of healthcare resources in Sweden, there is consensus that cost-effectiveness constitutes one of the three principles. The objective of this paper is to describe how cost-effectiveness, and hence health economic evaluations (HEE), have a role in pricing decisions, reimbursement of pharmaceuticals as well as the overall prioritization and allocation of resources in the Swedish healthcare system. There are various organizations involved in the processes of implementing health technologies in the Swedish healthcare system, several of which consider or produce HEEs when assessing different technologies: the Dental and Pharmaceutical Benefits Agency (TLV), the county councils' group on new drug therapies (NLT), the National Board of Health and Welfare, the Swedish Council on Health Technology Assessment (SBU), regional HTA agencies and the Public Health Agency of Sweden. The only governmental agency that has official and mandatory guidelines for how to perform HEE is TLV (LFNAR 2003:2). Even though HEEs may seem to have a clear and explicit role in the decision-making processes in the Swedish healthcare system, there are various obstacles and challenges in the use and dissemination of the results.

  17. Holographic entanglement entropy in 2D holographic superconductor via AdS3/CFT2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davood Momeni

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present letter is to find the holographic entanglement entropy (HEE in 2D holographic superconductors (HSC. Indeed, it is possible to compute the exact form of this entropy due to an advantage of approximate solutions inside normal and superconducting phases with backreactions. By making the UV and IR limits applied to the integrals, an approximate expression for HEE is obtained. In case the software cannot calculate minimal surface integrals analytically, it offers the possibility to proceed with a numerical evaluation of the corresponding terms. We'll understand how the area formula incorporates the structure of the domain wall approximation. We see that HEE changes linearly with belt angle. It's due to the extensivity of this type of entropy and the emergent of an entropic force. We find that the wider belt angle corresponds to a larger holographic surface. Another remarkable observation is that no “confinement/deconfinement” phase transition point exists in our 2D dual field theory. Furthermore, we observe that the slope of the HEE with respect to the temperature dSdT decreases, thanks to the emergence extra degree of freedom(s in low temperature system. A first order phase transition is detected near the critical point.

  18. Jürgen Jaspers: De klank van de stad. Stedelijke meertaligheid en interculturele communicatie (red.). Leuven, ACCO, 2009. 219 blz.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nortier, J.M.

    2010-01-01

    De klank van de stad is geschreven naar aanleiding van een congres over hetzelfde thema, stedelijke meertaligheid (maart 2008, Antwerpen). De auteurs waren in meerderheid sprekers bij het congres die hun presentaties in soms wat gewijzigde vorm hebben opgeschreven. Iedereen die wel eens te maken hee

  19. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... a lower than normal number of red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen and remove carbon dioxide (a waste ... Anemia also can occur if your red blood cells don't contain enough hemoglobin (HEE-muh-glow- ...

  20. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... a lower than normal number of red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen and remove carbon dioxide (a waste ... Anemia also can occur if your red blood cells don't contain enough hemoglobin (HEE-muh-glow- ...

  1. Inhibition of human dendritic cell activation by hydroethanolic but not lipophilic extracts of turmeric (Curcuma longa).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krasovsky, Joseph; Chang, David H; Deng, Gary; Yeung, Simon; Lee, Mavis; Leung, Ping Chung; Cunningham-Rundles, Susanna; Cassileth, Barrie; Dhodapkar, Madhav V

    2009-03-01

    Turmeric has been extensively utilized in Indian and Chinese medicine for its immune-modulatory properties. Dendritic cells (DCs) are antigen-presenting cells specialized to initiate and regulate immunity. The ability of DCs to initiate immunity is linked to their activation status. The effects of turmeric on human DCs have not been studied. Here we show that hydroethanolic (HEE) but not lipophilic "supercritical" extraction (SCE) of turmeric inhibits the activation of human DCs in response to inflammatory cytokines. Treatment of DCs with HEE also inhibits the ability of DCs to stimulate the mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR). Importantly, the lipophilic fraction does not synergize with the hydroethanolic fraction for the ability of inhibiting DC maturation. Rather, culturing of DCs with the combination of HEE and SCE leads to partial abrogation of the effects of HEE on the MLR initiated by DCs. These data provide a mechanism for the anti-inflammatory properties of turmeric. However, they suggest that these extracts are not synergistic and may contain components with mutually antagonistic effects on human DCs. Harnessing the immune effects of turmeric may benefit from specifically targeting the active fractions.

  2. Review Essay: Governmentality in Late Colonial Korea?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Em

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Takashi Fujitani, Race for Empire: Koreans as Japanese and Japanese as Americans during World War II. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011. 520 pp. $65 (cloth.Jun Uchida, Brokers of Empire: Japanese Settler Colonialism in Korea, 1876-1945. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011. 500 pp. $50 (cloth.In South Korea, more so than in most other postcolonial countries, the issue of sovereignty and the colonial past remains a central feature of politics. Most recently, during a televised presidential debate on December 4, 2012, Lee Jung-hee of the Unified Progressive Party said something that likely had never been said on South Korean television: “Takaki Masao signed an oath of loyalty [to the Emperor of Japan], in his own blood, to become an officer in the Japanese [Imperial] Army. You know who he is. His Korean name is Park Chung Hee.” Lee Jung-hee then made the connection between that colonial past and the willingness to sell out the nation’s sovereignty in the present. The conservative candidate Park Geun-hye, the daughter of the late President Park Chung Hee who ruled South Korea from 1961 through 1979, and members of Park’s Saenuri Party, remain true to their “roots”: these “descendants of pro-Japanese collaborators and dictators” (again sold out South Korea’s sovereignty (on November 22, 2011 when they rammed the US-ROK Free Trade Agreement through the National Assembly.

  3. Voedingswetenschapper overleden : in memoriam Ancel Keys

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kromhout, D.; Katan, M.B.

    2005-01-01

    Op 20 november 2004 stierf in Minneapolis Ancel Keys, een van de grootste onderzoekers op het gebied van voeding en hart- en vaatziekten van de 20e eeuw. Keys is bekend geworden door zijn voedingsexperimenten naar de relatie tussen vetzuren en serumcholesterol en door de Zeven Landen Studie. Hij hee

  4. Langjarige trends in aantallen wadvogels, in relatie tot de kokkelvisserij en het gevoerde beleid in deze; eindverslag EVA II (evaluatie schelpdiervisserij tweede fase) deelproject C2

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leopold, M.F.; Smit, C.J.; Goedhart, P.W.; Roomen, van M.W.J.; Winden, van A.J.; Turnhout, van C.

    2004-01-01

    Dit rapport beschrijft een analyse van de resultaten van circa 30 jaar hoogwater-vogeltellingen in de Waddenzee, tegen de achtergrond van de mechanische kokkelvisserij in dit gebied en het gevoerde beleid in deze, met name het sluiten van grote gebieden voor deze visserij in 1993. Deze maatregel hee

  5. Rh Incompatibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... attack the baby's red blood cells. This can lead to hemolytic anemia (HEE-moh-lit-ick uh-NEE-me-uh) ... baby won't get enough oxygen. This can lead to serious problems. Severe hemolytic anemia may even be fatal to the child. Outlook ...

  6. Do plants drive podzolization via rock-eating mycorrhizal fungi?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Breemen, van N.; Lundstr"m, U.S.; Jongmans, A.G.

    2000-01-01

    Weathering and supply of nutrients derived from minerals to plants is known to be stimulated by plant symbiotic mycorrhizal fungi. Nutrients are generally thought to pass the bulk soil solution before plant uptake. Jongmans et al. [Jongmans, A.G., van Breemen, N., Lundstrom, U.S., van Hees, P.A.W.,

  7. Internet gedreven innoveren vergroot veiligheid

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beijer, P. de

    2013-01-01

    De overheid kan veel, heel veel leren van het Internet. Het hee2 namelijk een aantal zeer aantrekkelijke karakter eigenschappen (open, anarchistisch, snel, grenzeloos, plat georganiseerd) die overheden traditioneel onvoldoende hebben maar die wel enorm kunnen helpen succesvol te innoveren. Successen

  8. Open chromatin mapping identifies transcriptional networks regulating human epididymis epithelial function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Browne, James A; Yang, Rui; Song, Lingyun; Crawford, Gregory E; Leir, Shih-Hsing; Harris, Ann

    2014-12-01

    The epithelium lining the epididymis in the male reproductive tract maintains a luminal environment that promotes sperm cell maturation. This process is dependent on the coordinated expression of many genes that encode proteins with a role in epithelial transport. We previously generated genome-wide maps of open chromatin in primary human epididymis epithelial (HEE) cells to identify potential regulatory elements controlling coordinated gene expression in the epididymis epithelium. Subsequent in silico analysis identified transcription factor-binding sites (TFBS) that were over-represented in the HEE open chromatin, including the motif for paired box 2 (PAX2). PAX2 is a critical transcriptional regulator of urogenital tract development, which has been well studied in the kidney but is unexplored in the epididymis. Due to the limited lifespan of primary HEE cells in culture, we investigated the role of PAX2 in an immortalized HEE cell line (REP). First, REP cells were evaluated by DNase I digestion followed by high-throughput sequencing and the PAX2-binding motif was again identified as an over-represented TFBS within intergenic open chromatin, though on fewer chromosomes than in the primary HEE cells. To identify PAX2-target genes in REP cells, RNA-seq analysis was performed after siRNA-mediated depletion of PAX2 and compared with that with a non-targeting siRNA. In response to PAX2-repression, 3135 transcripts were differentially expressed (1333 up-regulated and 1802 down-regulated). Novel PAX2 targets included multiple genes encoding proteins with predicted functions in the epididymis epithelium.

  9. Enhanced horizontal extreme-echo speed occurrence leading to polar mesospheric summer echoes (PMSE) increase at solar-wind pressure enhancement during high-speed solar wind stream events

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Y.; Kirkwood, S.; Kwak, Y.; Kim, K.; Shepherd, G. G.

    2013-12-01

    We report on horizontal extreme echo speeds (HEES, ≥ 300 ms^{-1}) observed in long-periodic polar mesospheric summer echoes (PMSE) correlated with solar-wind speed in high speed solar wind streams (HSS) events. The observations were made from VHF 52 MHz radar measurements at Esrange (67.8°N, 20.4°E) between June 1-August 8 in 2006 and 2008. The periodicities of PMSE counts and the volume reflectivity primarily occur at 7, 9 and 13.5 days possibly by the effects of HSS, while the periodicities at 4-6 days are competitively coherent between planetary waves appearing in temperature and solar-wind speed during HSS events. The peaks of both HEES occurrence rate relative to PMSE and turbulence dominantly occur at solar-wind pressure enhancement with minor peaks continued under the passage of HSS over the magnetopause, followed by PMSE peaks in 1-3 days later. This study gives the results that the precipitating high-energetic particles (> 30 keV) during HSS likely induce D-region ionization involved with the consecutive processes of HEES, turbulence and PMSE. The turbulence evolved from the HEES can be explained with the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability, which was observed in PMSE by Röttger et al. [11th International Workshop on technical and scientific aspects of MST Radar, 2006] and firstly simulated for PMSE generation by Hill et al. [Earth Planets Space, 1999]. The HEES is understood as the speed of fast moving ions, accelerated by strong electric field as Lee & Shepherd [JGR, 2010] suggested with the supersonic velocities persisting in polar mesospheric clouds (PMC) region observed at enhanced O(^1S) emission rate ( 10 kR) by WINDII/UARS satellite.

  10. Love in the Making

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pontoppidan, Maria

    2012-01-01

    Artiklen relaterer sang XXXII (Mir ist geschehen als einem kindelîne) til et poetisk-teologisk åbenbaringstema. Ifølge min tolkning beskriver sangteksten en apofatisk udfordring, en via negationis til minne....

  11. Tormi ja tungi kasinusvanne / Karlo Funk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Funk, Karlo, 1971-

    1999-01-01

    Refereering taani filmikriitiku Peter Schepelerni loengust mängufilmi "Mifune" ("Mifunes sidste sang - dogme 3") linastuse eel Tallinna Kinomajas (režissöör Soren Kragh-Jacobsen : Taani-Rootsi, 1998)

  12. When did the practice of eunuch singers in Byzantine chant begin?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Troelsgård, Christian

    2011-01-01

    Forfattereren fremfører argumenter for, at den 'tilbagedatering' af kastrat-sang i de byzantinske kirker til 300-tallet, som i gennem nogle år har været ret udbredt i forskningslitteraturen, er meget problematisk....

  13. Kolm Baudelaire'i / Kristiina Ross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ross, Kristiina

    2001-01-01

    Ette kantud raadios Vaba Euroopa. Rets. rmt.: Baudelaire, Charles. Kurja õied / tlk. Tõnu Õnnepalu. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2000 ; Baudelaire, Charles. Väikesed kurja lilled / koost. Indrek Hirv ; tlk. I. Hirv, Ants Oras ja August Sang

  14. Tarekat dan politik: Amalan untuk dunia atau akherat?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bruinessen, M.M. van

    2007-01-01

    Beberapa bait ini, dari Syair Perang Menteng, menceritakan perlawanan orang Palembang terhadap pasukan Belanda yang dikirim untuk menaklukkan kota mereka pada tahun 1819. Perang ini dikenal dengan nama komandan pasukan Belanda, Muntinghe, yang dimelayukan menjadi Menteng. Sang penyair Melayu menggam

  15. Tõlkesund / Peeter Torop

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Torop, Peeter, 1950-

    2002-01-01

    Bibl. lk. 205-206. Kokkuvõte "Forced translation", lk. 362. Sundtõlkimisest Nõukogude Eestis. Ka August Sanga ja Ants Orase tõlketegevusest ning Ch. Baudelaire'i tõlkekogumiku "Kurja lilled" ettevalmistamisest (koost. A. Sang)

  16. Bidrag til kapitlet: Liturgiske og poetiske tekster

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Søren

    2003-01-01

    Kommenterede oversættelser til dansk af følgende Dødehavsskrifter: "Himmellysenes Ord", "Daglige Bønner", "Sange til Sabbatsofferet", "Bønner til Højtiderne", "Velsignelser", "Min sjæl, pris Herren"...

  17. QUATERNARY GEOLOGY& GEOMORPHOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    20161195Bai Xiao(Institute of Western Environment and Climate Change,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou 730000,China);Sang Wencui Monthly Isotopic Variations of Calcite Deposition System in Wanxiang Cave,Wudu

  18. Tormi ja tungi kasinusvanne / Karlo Funk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Funk, Karlo, 1971-

    1999-01-01

    Refereering taani filmikriitiku Peter Schepelerni loengust mängufilmi "Mifune" ("Mifunes sidste sang - dogme 3") linastuse eel Tallinna Kinomajas (režissöör Soren Kragh-Jacobsen : Taani-Rootsi, 1998)

  19. Dokumentation og forskning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner

    2016-01-01

    Overblik over musikterapidokumentation og -forskning i perioden august 2015 til januar 2016. Læs bl.a. om fibromyalgi, assessment, musik, sprog, sang og demens, syngende sygehuse og problembaseret læring.......Overblik over musikterapidokumentation og -forskning i perioden august 2015 til januar 2016. Læs bl.a. om fibromyalgi, assessment, musik, sprog, sang og demens, syngende sygehuse og problembaseret læring....

  20. Development of Manufacturable Process to Deposit Metal Matrix Composites on Inverted Metamorphic Multijunction Solar Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-14

    MULTIJUNCTION SOLAR CELLS Sang M. Han University of New Mexico 1700 Lomas Blvd. NE, Suite 2200 Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001 14 Jan 2015 Final...Composites on Inverted Metamorphic Multijunction Solar Cells 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 62601F 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 8809 Sang...multijunction (IMM) space solar cells . The IMM cells fracture during packaging or after prolonged cycles of temperature fluctuations encountered in

  1. Progress in Medicine

    CERN Multimedia

    Bernard,J

    1980-01-01

    Le Prof.Jean Bernard a fait ses études à la faculté à Paris et est médecin des hôpitaux et directeur du laboratoire de recherche expérimentale sur la leucémie et les maladies du sang. Il parle du developpement de la recherche médicale et connaissances sur les causes et traitements des maladies du sang et en particulier sur la leucémie

  2. Efeito de um extrato de Hipérico (Hypericum perforatum na marcação in vitro de elementos sangüíneos com tecnécio-99m e na biodisponibilidade do radiofármaco pertecnetato de sódio em ratos Wistar Effect of Hypericum perforatum extract on in vitro labelling of blood elements with technetium-99m and on biodisponibility of sodium pertecnetate in Wistar rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastião David Santos-Filho

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar o efeito de um extrato de hipérico (Hypericum perforatum na marcação de elementos sanguíneos com tecnécio-99m (99mTc e na biodisponibilidade do radiofármaco pertecnetato de sódio em ratos Wistar. MÉTODOS: Sangue (heparinizado de ratos Wistar é incubado com um extrato de hipérico, com cloreto estanoso e a seguir com Tc-99m, como pertecnetato de sódio (99mTcO4Na. Plasma (P e células (CS são isolados por centrifugação. Amostras de P e CS também são precipitadas com ácido tricloroacético 5%, e separadas as frações solúveis (FS-P e FS-CS e insolúveis (FI-P e FI-CS. Para a análise da biodistribuição, 0,3 mL do radiofármaco 99mTcO4Na foi administrada em ratos Wistar que receberam por gavagem extrato ou salina (NaCl 0,9% por 15 dias. Após 10 minutos os animais foram sacrificados e os órgãos isolados para contagem da atividade radioativa. RESULTADOS: O extrato de hipérico reduziu de forma significativa (PPURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of a hiperico extract (Hypericum perforatum on the labeling of blood elements with technetium-99m (99mTc and in the bioavailability of the radiopharmaceutical sodium pertechnetate in Wistar rats. METHODS: Blood (heparinized withdrawn from Wistar rats is incubated with a hiperico extract, with a stannous cloride and with 99mTc, as sodium pertechnetate (99mTcO4Na. Plasma (P and cells (C are isolated by centrifugation. Samples of P and C are also precipitated with trichloroacetic acid (TCA 5% and soluble (FS-P; FS-C and isoluble (FI-P; FI-C fractions are separated. In the bioavailability analysis, the extract or NaCl 0.9% solution is administrated into Wistar rats (gavage during 15 days. Sodium pertechnetate was administered and after 10 min, the animals are sacrificed, the organs were isolated, the radioactivity determined in a well counter, and the percentages of radioactivity per gram (%ATI/g in the organs are calculated. RESULTS: The hiperico extract decreased significantly (P<0.05 the %ATI in the cells, cellular insoluble fraction and plasma insoluble fraction. The biodistribution was significantly (P<0.01 decreased in bone, muscle and thyroid and significantly (P<0.05 increased in pancreas. CONCLUSION: The analysis of the results indicates that in studied extract should have substances that should oxidize the stannous ion, reducing the fixation of the 99mTc on the erythrocytes and plasma and cellular proteins. Moreover, it could produce metabolic alterations with influence in the uptake of the radiopharmaceutical 99mTcO4Na in bone, muscle, pancreas and thyroid.

  3. Influência da forma de administração e da quantidade fornecida de colostro sobre a concentração de proteína total e de suas frações eletroforéticas no soro sangüíneo de bezerros da raça Holandesa Influence of volume and method of administration of colostrum on total protein and eletrophoretic serum fractions in Holstein calves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.S. Borges

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of the amount of colostrum (two and four liters and methods of colostrum feeding (direct suckling from the cow, feeding colostrum using nipple bottle, and no feeding colostrum on different blood traits. Thirty two Holstein calves (four groups of eight animals each were randomly allotted to four treatments: treatment 1 - calves were hand fed four liters of colostrum; treatment 2 - calves were hand fed two liters of colostrum; treatment 3 - calves were fed colostrum directly from the cow, and treatment 4 - calves were not fed colostrum. Higher values of total serum protein, betaglobulins and gamaglobulins were observed in the calves after 24 hours of colostrum feeding. No differences among animals fed colostrum directly from the cow and hand fed two or four liters of colostrum were observed for total protein and eletrophoretic fractions. However lower values of total and eletrophoretic fractions were observed for calves that were not fed colostrum.

  4. 扎实开设安全教育课程势在必行——有感于桑枣中学师生在汶川地震中无一伤亡的奇迹%It's imperative to offer safety education course solidly——enlightened by the miracle that none teacher and student of Sang Zao Middle School was wounded in Wen Chuan Earthquake

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚云

    2008-01-01

    学校是汶川大地震生命损失的重灾户,但桑枣中学2300多名师生无一伤亡.通过对这一典型案例的分析,指出学校安全教育需要强化三个方面内容:校长必须保证加强安全教育的执行力;制订学校安全教育的国家课程标准;扎实开展学校安全教育.

  5. Substituição total do farelo de soja por uréia ou amiréia, em dietas com alto teor de concentrado, sobre a amônia ruminal, os parâmetros sangüíneos e o metabolismo do nitrogênio em bovinos de corte Total replacement of soybean meal by urea or starea in high grain diets on nitrogen metabolism, ruminal ammonia-N concentration and blood parameters in beef cattle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinaldo Cunha de Oliveira Junior

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Seis novilhos da raça Nelore, não castrados, com peso médio inicial de 420 kg, distribuídos em delineamento em quadrado latino 3x3 duplicado, foram utilizados para avaliar a substituição total de uma fonte de proteína verdadeira (farelo de soja, em uma dieta deficiente em proteína degradável no rúmen (PDR, por uréia ou amiréia (fontes de nitrogênio não protéico, ambas em uma dieta adequada em PDR. As dietas foram isoprotéicas (13,0% utilizando-se o bagaço de cana-de-açúcar in natura (BIN como única fonte de volumoso (20% da MS. Foram avaliados: a concentração de amônia ruminal, nitrogênio uréico plasmático, glicose plasmática e o metabolismo do nitrogênio. Os tratamentos foram: 1 farelo de soja (FS; 2 uréia e 3 amiréia (A-150S. A concentração de nitrogênio amoniacal no fluido ruminal foi superior no tratamento com uréia, comparado ao tratamento com farelo de soja, sendo que o tratamento com amiréia não diferiu dos demais. O tratamento com amiréia apresentou maior perda de N urinário. A retenção de N (g/d e % do consumido e o valor biológico da proteína (N retido, % do N digerido foram superiores para o tratamento com uréia, comparado aos demais. A concentração de nitrogênio uréico no plasma e a concentração de glicose plasmática foram similares entre os tratamentos. A substituição total do farelo de soja por uréia, ajustando a PDR na dieta de bovinos de corte, demonstrou ser viável. A uréia na forma convencional apresentou vantagens em relação à amiréia.Six Nellore bulls, with initial body weight of 420 kg, were assigned to a duplicated 3x3 Latin square design to evaluate the effects of replacing a true protein source (soybean meal, of high biological value, in a rumen degradable protein (RDP deficient diet, by urea or starea (a supposedly slow release nonprotein nitrogen source, both in a RDP adjusted diet. In natura sugarcane bagasse as the only source of forage (20% of DM. Evaluated parameters were: rumen ammonia-N concentration, plasma urea-N, glucose and nitrogen balance. Experimental treatments were: 1 soybean meal (SBM; 2 urea and 3 starea (A-150S. Diets were isonitrogen (13% CP. The rumen ammonia-N concentration was higher in the treatment with urea, compared to the treatment with SBM, and starea showed no difference compared to the others. Starea had higher loss of urinary N. N retention (g/d and % of consumed and protein biological value (N retention, % of N digestible were higher for urea treatment, compared to the others. There was no difference on plasma urea-N and glucose concentration among treatments. Total replacement of SBM by urea, adjusting PDR in diets for growing beef cattle, demonstrated to be viable. Conventional urea showed advantage compared to starea.

  6. Efeitos da dexmedetomidina sobre a coagulação sangüínea avaliada através do método da tromboelastografia Efectos de la dexmedetomidina sobre la coagulación sanguínea evaluada a través del método de la tromboelastografía Effects of dexmedetomidine on blood coagulation evaluated by thromboelastography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Romão Martins

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A dexmedetomidina é um agente agonista dos receptores adrenérgicos alfa2 altamente seletivo, usado em anestesia por seus efeitos hipnoanalgésicos e pela estabilidade cardiovascular. O estímulo dos receptores adrenérgicos alfa2 pode apresentar efeitos pró e antiagregantes plaquetários, por mecanismos diretos e indiretos. No presente estudo, avaliaram-se os efeitos da dexmedetomidina sobre a coagulação através do método da tromboelastografia. MÉTODO: Vinte e quatro pacientes foram aleatoriamente divididos em três grupos. Os pacientes do grupo 1 receberam infusão de solução fisiológica (controle, os do grupo 2 receberam dexmedetomidina na dose de 1 µg.kg-1 em 10 minutos, seguida da infusão de 0,4 µg.kg-1.h-1 por 20 minutos e os do grupo 3 receberam midazolam na dose de 0,05 mg.kg-1. Os pacientes sedados mantiveram índices 3 ou 4 na escala da sedação de Ramsay. Foram coletadas amostras de sangue e obtidos traçados de tromboelastografia previamente e após 30 minutos do tratamento. RESULTADOS: A dexmedetomidina, de forma estatisticamente significativa, aumentou o tempo de reação (parâmetro R e diminuiu o índice de coagulação nos traçados finais em relação aos iniciais. No entanto, os valores permaneceram dentro dos intervalos considerados normais. Este fenômeno não foi observado nos demais grupos. CONCLUSÕES: A interação dos mecanismos pró e antiagregantes da dexmedetomidina leva à discreta hipocoagulação; porém, mantém a coagulação dentro de parâmetros considerados normais. Os efeitos da dexmedetomidina sobre a coagulação provavelmente não ocorrem pela ansiólise, uma vez que a sedação foi igual ao grupo que recebeu midazolam.JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: La dexmedetomidina es un agente agonista de los receptores adrenérgicos alfa2 altamente selectivo, usado en anestesia por sus efectos hipnoanalgésicos y por la estabilidad cardiovascular. El estímulo de los receptores adrenérgicos alfa2 puede presentar efectos pro y antiagregantes plaquetarios, por mecanismos directos e indirectos. En este estudio, se evaluaron los efectos de la dexmedetomidina sobre la coagulación a través del método de la tromboelastografia. MÉTODO: Veinticuatro pacientes fueron aleatoriamente divididos en tres grupos. Los pacientes del grupo 1 recibieron infusión de solución fisiológica (control, los del grupo 2 recibieron dexmedetomidina en la dosis de 1 µg.kg-1 en 10 minutos, seguida de infusión de 0,4 µg.kg-1.h-1 por 20 minutos y los del grupo 3 recibieron midazolam en dosis de 0,05 mg.kg-1. Los pacientes sedados mantuvieron índices 3 ó 4 en la escala de la sedación de Ramsay. Fueron colectadas muestras de sangre y se obtuvieron trazados de tromboelastografía previamente y después de 30 minutos del tratamiento. RESULTADOS: La dexmedetomidina, de forma estadísticamente significativa, aumentó el tiempo de reacción (parámetro R y diminuyó el índice de coagulación en los trazados finales en relación a los iniciales. No obstante, los valores permanecieron dentro de los intervalos considerados normales. Este fenómeno no fue observado en los demás grupos. CONCLUSIONES: La interacción de los mecanismos pro y antiagregantes de la dexmedetomidina lleva a una discreta hipocoagulación; sin embargo, mantiene la coagulación dentro de parámetros considerados normales. Los efectos de la dexmedetomidina sobre la coagulación probablemente no ocurren pela ansiólisis, una vez que la sedación fue igual al grupo que recibió midazolam.BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective alpha2-adrenoceptor agonist used in anesthesia for its hypnoanalgesic and cardiovascular effects. Stimulation of alpha2-adrenoceptors may determine pro and anti-platelet aggregation effects through direct and indirect mechanisms. This study aimed at determining the effects of dexmedetomidine on coagulation evaluated by thromboelastography. METHODS: Twenty four patients were randomly distributed in 3 groups: Group 1 patients received saline solution (control group, Group 2 patients received 1 µg.kg-1 dexmedetomidine in 10 minutes, followed by 0.4 µg.kg-1.h-1 infusion for 20 minutes and Group 3 patients received 0.05 mg.kg-1 midazolam. Sedated patients maintained scores 3 or 4 in Ramsay’s sedation scale. Blood samples were collected before and 30 minutes after the treatment for thromboelastography. RESULTS: Dexmedetomidine has significantly increased reaction time (parameter R and decreased coagulation index in final curves as compared to initial ones. Values, however, have remained within ranges accepted as normal. This phenomenon was not observed in remaining groups. CONCLUSIONS: Dexmedetomidine pro and anti-platelet aggregation mechanisms interaction determines mild hypocoagulation, however maintaining coagulation within normal ranges. Dexmedetomidine effects on coagulation are probably not mediated by anxiolysis, since sedation was equivalent to the midazolam group.

  7. Sing English: Om sangens potensial i engelskopplæringen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ragnhild Elisabeth Lund

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Sang er en åpenbar kilde til læring av fremmedspråk. Læreplaner for engelskfaget opp gjennom tidene har påpekt dette, og læreverkene i engelsk inneholder mange sanger. Men nøyaktig hva er det sang kan bidra med? Hva slags sanger er tatt med i bøkene, og hvilke målsettinger ser ut til å være knyttet til dem? Artikkelen besvarer disse spørsmålene ved å vise til læreplaner og utvalgte lærebøker fra perioden 1885 – 2008 og hvordan de legger opp til at sang skal brukes som en del av opplæringen i engelsk. Undersøkelsen er begrenset til ungdomstrinnet. Innledningsvis refererer artikkelen til ulike begrunnelser for bruk av sang i fremmedspråkopplæringen. Når sang nevnes i læreplanene eller innlemmes i lærebøkene, reflekteres enkelte av disse begrunnelsene. Samtidig er det påfallende hvor ofte planer og bøker ikke begrunner bruken av sang eller setter sangene inn i en didaktisk sammenheng. Artikkelen konkluderer derfor med at sanger ser ut til å representere et stort, men delvis uutnyttet potensial i engelskopplæringen på ungdomstrinnet.

  8. Demographic and fertility characteristics of 4 squatter settlements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yusof, K; Zulkifli, S N

    1985-01-01

    The demographic and fertility profiles of 4 squatter areas, 2 with Sang Kancil, a community development project designed specifically for squatter settlements in Kuala Lumpur, are described. Data were taken from a census conducted in 1982. Figure 1 maps out the location of the study areas in the Federal Territory. The squatter household (5.4 members) varied little from the average Malaysian household. The average age of the male head of household was 40 years, i.e., not within the high fertility group; the mean duration of stay was 10 years. Household income/month averaged M$760, falling between estimates for urban and rural mean. Comparing the data on the 2 squatter areas, the non-Sang Kancil head of household was, on average, slightly older and had stayed about 2 years longer than his Sang Kancil counterpart. These differences were statistically significant. Both areas were comparable with regard to household income and size. Ethnically, the Sang Kancil areas were predominantly Malay, comprising 86% of total households. The control areas had a more mixed ethnic structure. From 1978-81, annual increases in total population had been fairly uniform, at around 2%, in non-Sang Kancil Areas. Yet, the Sang Kancil population experienced a growth spurt in 1980, which subsequently declined and appeared to level off. 1982 figures were disregarded in this analysis as they were based on a 1/2 year enumeration only. The age distribution pattern of all squatter areas combined was fairly similar to the national distribution pyramid but for a higher proportion of people in the 15-44 age group than national figures. The proportion of dependents, 0-14 years, was comparable despite having more people in this fertile age group. The proportion of infants (0-11 months) in the control population was constant, but there was a decline down to control values by the end of the surveyed period in the Sang Kancil group. In the toddler group, decreases were evident for both populations

  9. FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC EXPERIENCE OF INTEGRATING CLOUD COMPUTING INTO PEDAGOGICAL PROCESS OF HIGHER EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataliia A. Khmil

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present article foreign and domestic experience of integrating cloud computing into pedagogical process of higher educational establishments (H.E.E. has been generalized. It has been stated that nowadays a lot of educational services are hosted in the cloud, e.g. infrastructure as a service (IaaS, platform as a service (PaaS and software as a service (SaaS. The peculiarities of implementing cloud technologies by H.E.E. in Ukraine and abroad have been singled out; the products developed by the leading IT companies for using cloud computing in higher education system, such as Microsoft for Education, Google Apps for Education and Amazon AWS Educate have been reviewed. The examples of concrete types, methods and forms of learning and research work based on cloud services have been provided.

  10. Nuevo yacimiento de flora Albense en la vertiente sur de la Sierra de Guadarrama. Soto del Real (Madrid)

    OpenAIRE

    1986-01-01

    A new superior Albian - Cenomanian fossil flore locality are described for the first time on. the Sierra Guadarrama (Madrid). Between all the numerous specimens there found. stand out, due to their abundancy, the ones belonging to various species of Cycadales and Coniferals, accompanied by the Filicales, Lycopodiales and the Angiosperms Monocotiledonae and Dicotilodenae of the Policarpicales and Rosales orders. Two species of the Filicales orderGleichenites giesekianus (Hee...

  11. Holographic Entanglement Entropy, Field Redefinition Invariance and Higher Derivative Gravity Theories

    CERN Document Server

    Mozaffar, M R Mohammadi; Sheikh-Jabbari, M M; Vahidinia, M H

    2016-01-01

    It is established that physical observables in local quantum field theories should be invariant under invertible field redefinitions. It is then expected that this statement should be true for the entanglement entropy and moreover that, via the gauge/gravity correspondence, the recipe for computing entanglement entropy holographically should also be invariant under field redefinitions in the gravity side. We use this fact to fix the recipe for computing holographic entanglement entropy (HEE) for $f(R,R_{\\mu\

  12. The Korean Question--Revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-03-01

    8 Mutual Defense Treaty ..............: 11 Nixon Doctrine .. .. .. . .. ... .. .. .. ... 12 Cate’ Policy .................... 13 III KOREA AND U.S...cited Melvin Laird, former Republican Secretary of Defense (1969-73) and Korean President (1961-1979) Park Chung Hee.1 The 1972 presidential candidate...rights and the ability of South Korea to defend itself, to displeasure over inequity of the defense burden, to the real concern over the possibility of

  13. Layer by Layer Growth of 2D Quantum Superlattices (NBIT III)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-28

    AFRL-AFOSR-JP-TR-2017-0019 Layer-by-Layer Growth of 2D Quantum Superlattices (NBIT III) Jiwoong Park CORNELL UNIVERSITY Final Report 02/22/2017...NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) CORNELL UNIVERSITY 373 PINE TREE RD ITHACA, NY 14850-2820 US 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION...age) Hee Cheul Choi (44) Full Name (age) Jiwoong Park (41) Nationality Korea Nationality Korea (US Resident ) Affiliation (department) POSTECH

  14. The 2H(e, e' p)n reaction at large energy transfers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Willering, Hendrik Willem

    2003-01-01

    At the ELSA accelerator facillity in Bonn, Germany, we have measured the deutron "breakup" reaction 2H(e,e' p)n at four-momentum transfers around Q2 = -0 .20(GeV/c)2 with an electron beam energy of E0 = 1.6 GeV. The cross section has been determined for energy transfers extending from the quasielast

  15. Statistical Inference on Memory Structure of Processes and Its Applications to Information Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-12

    scholarships or fellowships for further studies in science, mathematics, engineering or technology fields: Student Metrics This section only applies to...and provides 9- month salaries. They get summer support from the department after they have passed the qualifying exams . By the summer of 2014, Hee...Sun Kim had not passed the exams yet but she was prepared to give up her scientific career because her family suddenly lost all income. The grant

  16. On Tradeoffs between Trust and Survivability using a Game Theoretic Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-13

    networks. In: Pro . 6th Annual ACM/IEEE Mobile Computing and Networking, pp.255- 265, Boston, MA (Aug. 2000) 14. Ng, S.K., Seah, W.K.G.: Game ...On Tradeoffs between Trust and Survivability using a Game Theoretic Approach Jin-Hee Cho and Ananthram Swami U.S. Army Research Laboratory...introduces a game theoretic approach, namely Aoyagi’s game theory based on positive collusion of players. This approach improves group trust by

  17. Metabolic Signaling and Therapy of Lung Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Changliang Shan,1 Qing Dai,4 Liang Zhang,4 Jianxin Xie,5 Ting-Lei Gu,5 Peng Jin,2 Masa Aleckovic,6 Gary LeRoy,6 Yibin Kang,6 Jessica A. Sudderth,7...Liang Zhang2, Jianxin Xie3, Yi Wang3, Ting-Lei Gu3, Masa Alečković4, Gary LeRoy4, Yibin Kang4, Hee-Bum Kang 1, Jae-Ho Seo1, Changliang Shan1, Peng Jin5

  18. Antinuclear movement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Young Hee; Im, Jaeg Yeong

    1988-08-15

    This book is for antinuclear movement. So, this book introduces many articles on nuclear issues of Asia and the pacific area. The titles of articles are the crusades of Reagan by Werner Plaha, contending between super powers in Europe by Alva Reimer Myrdal, claims of resistance by Daniel Ellsberg, nuclear and the Korean Peninsula by Go, Seung Woo, Liberation but of belief of nuclear weapon by Lee, Young Hee and nuclear weapon in Korea by peter Haze.

  19. Noninvasive bioluminescence imaging of the dynamics of sanguinarine induced apoptosis via activation of reactive oxygen species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yan; Zhang, Beilei; Liu, Wei; Dai, Yunpeng; Shi, Yaru; Zeng, Qi; Wang, Fu

    2016-04-19

    Most chemotherapeutic drugs exert their anti-tumor effects primarily by triggering a final pathway leading to apoptosis. Noninvasive imaging of apoptotic events in preclinical models would greatly facilitate the development of apoptosis-inducing compounds and evaluation of their therapeutic efficacy. Here we employed a cyclic firefly luciferase (cFluc) reporter to screen potential pro-apoptotic compounds from a number of natural agents. We demonstrated that sanguinarine (SANG) could induce apoptosis in a dose- and time-dependent manner in UM-SCC-22B head and neck cancer cells. Moreover, SANG-induced apoptosis was associated with the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and activation of c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) signal pathways. After intravenous administration with SANG in 22B-cFluc xenograft models, a dramatic increase of luminescence signal can be detected as early as 48 h post-treatment, as revealed by longitudinal bioluminescence imaging in vivo. Remarkable apoptotic cells reflected from ex vivo TUNEL staining confirmed the imaging results. Importantly, SANG treatment caused distinct tumor growth retardation in mice compared with the vehicle-treated group. Taken together, our results showed that SANG is a candidate anti-tumor drug and noninvasive imaging of apoptosis using cFluc reporter could provide a valuable tool for drug development and therapeutic efficacy evaluation.

  20. Antioxidant Effect of Extracts from the Coffee Residue in Raw and Cooked Meat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji-Hee Kim

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The residue of ground coffee obtained after the brewing process (spent coffee still contains various functional components with high antioxidant capacity and health benefits, but no attempts have been made to use it as a resource to produce value-added food ingredients. This study evaluates the antioxidant activity of ethanol or hot water extracts from the residues of coffee after brewing. An extraction experiment was carried out using the conventional solid–liquid methods, including ethanol and water as the extraction media at different temperatures and liquid/solid ratios. The antioxidant activity of extracts was tested for total phenolic compound (TPC, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH, and 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS using oil emulsion and raw/cooked meat systems. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of the ethanol extracts with heating (HEE and without heating (CEE were higher than that of the hot water extracts (WE. The highest DPPH value of HEE and CEE at 1000 ppm was 91.22% and 90.21%, respectively. In oil emulsion and raw/cooked systems, both the water and ethanol extracts had similar antioxidant effects to the positive control (BHA, but HEE and CEE extracts showed stronger antioxidant activities than WE extract. These results indicated that the ethanol extracts of coffee residue have a strong antioxidant activity and have the potential to be used as a natural antioxidant in meat.

  1. Holographic entanglement entropies for Schwarzschild and Reisner-Nordstr\\"om spacetimes

    CERN Document Server

    Sun, Yuan

    2016-01-01

    The holographic entanglement entropies (HEE) associated with four dimensional Schwarzschild and Reisner-Nordstr\\"om spacetimes are investigated. Unlike the cases of asymptotically AdS spacetimes for which the boundaries are always taken at (timelike) conformal infinities, we take the boundaries at either large but finite radial coordinate (far boundary) or very close to the black hole event horizons (near horizon boundary). The reason for such choices is that such boundaries are similar to the conformal infinity of AdS spacetime in that they are all timelike, so that there may be some hope to define dual systems with ordinary time evolution on such boundaries. Our results indicate that, in the case of far boundaries, the leading order contribution to the HEEs come from the background Minkowski spacetime, however, the next to leading order contribution which arises from the presence of the black holes is always proportional to the black hole mass, which constitutes a version of the first law of the HEE for asy...

  2. Antioxidant Effect of Extracts from the Coffee Residue in Raw and Cooked Meat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Ji-Hee; Ahn, Dong Uk; Eun, Jong Bang; Moon, Sun Hee

    2016-07-04

    The residue of ground coffee obtained after the brewing process (spent coffee) still contains various functional components with high antioxidant capacity and health benefits, but no attempts have been made to use it as a resource to produce value-added food ingredients. This study evaluates the antioxidant activity of ethanol or hot water extracts from the residues of coffee after brewing. An extraction experiment was carried out using the conventional solid-liquid methods, including ethanol and water as the extraction media at different temperatures and liquid/solid ratios. The antioxidant activity of extracts was tested for total phenolic compound (TPC), 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), and 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) using oil emulsion and raw/cooked meat systems. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of the ethanol extracts with heating (HEE) and without heating (CEE) were higher than that of the hot water extracts (WE). The highest DPPH value of HEE and CEE at 1000 ppm was 91.22% and 90.21%, respectively. In oil emulsion and raw/cooked systems, both the water and ethanol extracts had similar antioxidant effects to the positive control (BHA), but HEE and CEE extracts showed stronger antioxidant activities than WE extract. These results indicated that the ethanol extracts of coffee residue have a strong antioxidant activity and have the potential to be used as a natural antioxidant in meat.

  3. Indication for the disappearance of reactor electron antineutrinos in the Double Chooz experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Abe, Y; Akiri, T; Anjos, J C dos; Ardellier, F; Barbosa, A F; Baxter, A; Bernstein, A; Bezerra, T J C; Bezrukhov, L; Blucher, E; Bongrand, M; Bowden, N S; Buck, C; Busenitz, J; Cabrera, A; Caden, E; Camilleri, L; Carr, R; Cerrada, M; Chang, P -J; Chimenti, P; Classen, T; Collin, A; Conover, E; Conrad, J M; Cormon, S; Crespo-Anadón, J I; Cribier, M; Crum, K; Cucoanes, A; D'Agostino, M V; Damon, E; Dawson, J V; Dazeley, S; Dierckxsens, M; Dietrich, D; Djurcic, Z; Dracos, M; Durand, V; Efremenko, Y; Endo, Y; Etenko, A; Falk, E; Fallot, M; Fechner, M; von Feilitzsch, F; Felde, J; Fernandes, S M; Franco, D; Franke, A; Franke, M; Furuta, H; Gama, R; Gil-Botella, I; Giot, L; Göger-Neff, M; Gonzalez, L F G; Goodman, M C; Goon, J TM; Greiner, D; Guillon, B; Haag, N; Hagner, C; Hara, T; Hartmann, F X; Hartnell, J; Haruna, T; Haser, J; Hatzikoutelis, A; Hayakawa, T; Hofmann, M; Horton-Smith, G; Ishitsuka, M; Jochum, J; Jollet, C; Jones, C L; Kaether, F; Kalousis, L; Kamyshkov, Y; Kaplan, D; Kawasaki, T; Keefer, G; Kemp, E; de Kerret, H; Kibe, Y; Konno, T; Kryn, D; Kuze, M; Lachenmaier, T; Lane, C E; Langbrandtner, C; Lasserre, T; Letourneau, A; Lhuillier, D; Lima, H P; Lindner, M; Liu, Y; López-Castanõ, J M; LoSecco, J M; Lubsandorzhiev, B K; Lucht, S; McKee, D; Maeda, J; Maesano, C N; Mariani, C; Maricic, J; Martino, J; Matsubara, T; Mention, G; Meregaglia, A; Miletic, T; Milincic, R; Milzstajn, A; Miyata, H; Motta, D; Mueller, Th A; Nagasaka, Y; Nakajima, K; Novella, P; Obolensky, M; Oberauer, L; Onillon, A; Osborn, A; Ostrovskiy, I; Palomares, C; Peeters, S J M; Pepe, I M; Perrin, P; Pfahler, P; Porta, A; Potzel, W; Queval, R; Reichenbacher, J; Reinhold, B; Remoto, A; Reyna, D; Röhling, M; Roth, S; Rubin, H A; Sakamoto, Y; Santorelli, R; Sato, F; Schönert, S; Schoppmann, S; Schwan, U; Schwetz, T; Shaevitz, M; Shrestha, D; Sida, J-L; Sinev, V; Skorokhvatov, M; Smith, E; Stahl, A; Stancu, I; Strait, M; Stüken, A; Suekane, F; Sukhotin, S; Sumiyoshi, T; Sun, Y; Sun, Z; Svoboda, R; Tabata, H; Tamura, N; Terao, K; Tonazzo, A; Toups, M; Thi, H H Trinh; Veyssiere, C; Vignaud, D; Wagner, S; Watanabe, H; White, B; Wiebusch, C; Winslow, L; Worcester, M; Wurm, M; Yanovitch, E; Yermia, F; Zbiri, K; Zimmer, V

    2011-01-01

    The Double Chooz Experiment presents an indication of reactor electron antineutrino disappearance consistent with neutrino oscillations. A ratio of 0.944 $\\pm$ 0.016 (stat) $\\pm$ 0.040 (syst) observed to predicted events was obtained in 101 days of running at the Chooz Nuclear Power Plant in France, with two 4.25 GW$_{th}$ reactors. The results were obtained from a single 10 m$^3$ fiducial volume detector located 1050 m from the two reactor cores. The reactor antineutrino flux prediction used the Bugey4 measurement as an anchor point. The deficit can be interpreted as an indication of a non-zero value of the still unmeasured neutrino mixing parameter \\sang. Analyzing both the rate of the prompt positrons and their energy spectrum we find \\sang = 0.086 $\\pm$ 0.041 (stat) $\\pm$ 0.030 (syst), or, at 90% CL, 0.015 $<$ \\sang $\\ <$ 0.16.

  4. Modeling and experiments to explain the potential dependency of an UHSS to hydrogen environment assisted cracking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kehler, Beth A.

    Modern ultra high strength steels have been developed with outstanding combinations of strength and fracture toughness but lack intrinsic corrosion resistance. Such steels are used by the military for aircraft components such as landing gears but require coatings and cathodic protection which can lead to various rates of hydrogen production depending on material, geometry, and electro(chemistry). The susceptibility of such steels to internal hydrogen embrittlement (IHE) and hydrogen environment embrittlement (HEE) limits their use in marine environments. The objective of this research is to develop the understanding necessary to design coated ultra high strength steels that resist HEE when stressed in marine environments. The cause of HEE is the establishment of high diffusible hydrogen concentrations (CH,diff) at the crack tip. There is a window of applied potentials (Eapplied) where susceptibility to HEE is reduced because CH,diff is reduced. However, Eapplied itself does not yield insight as to the exact conditions at the crack tip. Ohmic potential drop and electrochemical/chemical reactions in the crack can lead to a significantly different environment at the crack tip than on the surface. The issues that hinder understanding of HEE center on the capability to quantify and ultimately predict crack tip hydrogen concentrations (C H,Tip) relative to critical concentrations that trigger fracture as a function of Eapplied. CH,tip was characterized using a multi-pronged approach. Scaling laws were developed to enable measurements of E and pH in a scaled-up crack as a function of the scaling parameter, x2/G and Eapplied . Such measurements were correlated with CH,diff using an experimentally determined hydrogen uptake law based on first order absorption laws and trapping theory. CH,diff values were then used as inputs into existing micromechanical models for KTH and da/dtII to predict cracking susceptibility. The scientific contributions of this work include the

  5. Wizlaw III og minnesangen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pontoppidan, Maria

    2012-01-01

    Artikel om den sidste slaviske Rügenfyrste, Wizlaw III (1265/68-1325), der traditionelt har været identificeret med minnesangeren Wizlaw den Unge. Om de bevarede sange og om minnesangens rolle ved det rügenske fyrstehof.......Artikel om den sidste slaviske Rügenfyrste, Wizlaw III (1265/68-1325), der traditionelt har været identificeret med minnesangeren Wizlaw den Unge. Om de bevarede sange og om minnesangens rolle ved det rügenske fyrstehof....

  6. : Une approche marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Ambroise, Laure; Prim-Allaz, Isabelle; Séville, Martine

    2010-01-01

    Au travers d'entretien qualitatifs et d'une étude quantitative, les auteurs cherchent à: -établir les motivations/freins et les attentes des donneurs vis-à-vis du don de sang; -synthétiser les réactions des donneurs vis-à-vis du don de sang, notamment tester leur perception du don et la valeur qu'ils lui attribuent; - identifier des leviers de fidélisation des donneurs et d'augmentation du nombre de dons par donneurs.

  7. Reference: 710 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 710 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u18162593i Jung Choonkyun et al. 2008 Fe...ic stress tolerance of transgenic Arabidopsis overexpressing AtMYB44 was conferred by reduced expression of ...naling. Overexpression of AtMYB44 enhances stomatal closure to confer abiotic stress tolerance in transgenic... Arabidopsis. 2 623-35 18162593 2008 Feb Plant physiology Cheong Jong-Joo|Choi Yang Do|Han Sang Won|Jung Choonkyun|Kim Chung Ho|Koo Yeon Jong|Nahm Baek Hie|Seo Jun Sung|Song Sang Ik

  8. Comparative hyperthermia effects of silica–gold nanoshells with different surface coverage of gold clusters on epithelial tumor cells

    OpenAIRE

    Park SE; Lee J.; Lee T.; Bae SB; Kang B; Huh YM; Lee SW; Haam S

    2015-01-01

    Sang-Eun Park,1,* Jaewon Lee,2,* Taeksu Lee,2 Saet-Byeol Bae,1 Byunghoon Kang,2 Yong-Min Huh,3 Sang-Wha Lee,1 Seungjoo Haam,2 1Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Gachon University, Gyeonggi-Do, Republic of Korea; 2Department of Chemical Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 3Department of Radiology, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Silica–gold na...

  9. United States Army in the Korean War: EBB and Flow, November 1950-July 1951

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    been to return to tile F-51 Iislhed, BombeI)r Comma~nd under iMaj . with its longer ranlge and its capacity Gen. Emmett O’DonnellJr.. to handle For low...Divisions, ROI{. Chief of Staff. NIKPA. See Lee Sang Cho, IMaj . Gen.; 3d, 9t11. Nam 11, Lt. Gen. Choi Yong Ilece, Bi g. Geni.: 266, 268 See also 1)ivi- Chief...10Of1h. KomiC. Republic of. Air Force: 36n Lee I-long Stin. Mitj.: 332 Korea. Republic of. Ai my: 23. 26, 27. 1-19. 15 1. 162. 1.ee Sang Clio, IMaj

  10. “Lad mig blive noget”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smith-Sivertsen, Henrik

    2013-01-01

    Henrik Smith-Sivertsen bruger Povl Dissings “Lad mig blive noget” som udgangspunkt for en række diskussioner. Den første handler om versioneringspraksisser, dvs. oversættelser af udenlandske sange, og indeholder en analyse af forholdet mellem kopi og original samt de ejerskabsforhold og autentici......Henrik Smith-Sivertsen bruger Povl Dissings “Lad mig blive noget” som udgangspunkt for en række diskussioner. Den første handler om versioneringspraksisser, dvs. oversættelser af udenlandske sange, og indeholder en analyse af forholdet mellem kopi og original samt de ejerskabsforhold og...

  11. 国产全自动电泳系统检测HbA2诊断β珠蛋白生成障碍性贫血

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新华; 周艳洁; 李平萍; 罗瑞贵; 阮丽明; 吴志奎; 李敏; 黄有文

    2007-01-01

    目的 评价国产森特全自动电泳系统(Sang Te系统)检测血红蛋白A2(HbA2)在β珠蛋白生成障碍性贫血(地贫)筛查中的应用价值,并确定诊断β地贫的HbA2临界值.方法 采用同步盲法对430例参加地贫筛查的农村育龄青年进行Sang Te系统和高效液相色谱法(HPLC)的HbA2测定以及Gap-PCR技术、反向斑点杂交地贫基因诊断,其中确认无常见3种α地贫基因缺失及5种α地贫基因突变和17种β地贫基因突变的健康成人173例,β地贫杂合子65例.通过对238例样品分析,比较Sang Te系统与HPLC检测HbA2的一致性,以ROC曲线确定Sang Te系统β地贫杂合子HbA2诊断临界值,比较Sang Te系统与HPLC法在β地贫诊断中的价值.结果 当地健康人Sang Te系统HbA2值95%频数分布范围为1.67%~4.61%,β地贫HbA2诊断临界值为≥4.58%,其敏感性为0.94,特异性为0.99,Sang Te系统与HPLC法有良好的线性关系,其ROC曲线下面积小于HPLC但无显著性差异(P>0.05).结论 Sang Te系统用于β地贫筛查误、漏诊率低,是基层医院地贫筛查取代pH 8.6醋纤膜电泳较为实用的设备.

  12. MUSE, WHY ARE YOU SILENT NOW?--A Speech on "Poetry and Humanity"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>Muse, why, why are you silent now? On the Aegean Sea, you sang of heroes and beauties, of the Troy War In the ancient Orient, you sang "Guanju"--an earliest love song* You grieved and wept for the sufferings of humanity You cried out and fought for his survival and libertyIn the snow-covered field outside Petersburg, you raised a pistol in a duel but fell under the muzzle of tyranny** Among the billows of the Atlantic Ocean, you broke the iron chains of a slaves boat*** You are Les Fleurs du Mal blossoming in Paris; you are the cat-like fog floating in Chicago****

  13. 妇联新动向(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Sang Lan, Host of 'Sang Lan Olympics 2008' Program桑兰主持“桑兰2008”目前就读于北京大学广播电视新闻专业的桑兰,加盟了星空卫视,开始主持奥运特别节目《桑兰2008》。桑兰在这个节目里向观众们讲述奥运金牌背后鲜为人知的故事。

  14. Fabrication Procedure for Rugged and Breathable Forms of Stretchable Electronics with Adherent and Composite Substrates

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Authors: Kyung-In Jang, Sang Youn Han, Sheng Xu, Kyle E. Mathewson, Yihui Zhang, Jae-Woong Jeong, Gwang-Tae Kim, R. Chad Webb, Jung Woo Lee, Thomas J. Dawidczyk, Rak Hwan Kim, Young Min Song, Woon-Hong Yeo, Stanley Kim, Huanyu Cheng, Sang Il Rhee, Jeahoon Chung, Byunggik Kim, Ha Uk Chung, Dongjun Lee, Yiyuan Yang, Moongee Cho, John G. Gaspar, Ronald Carbonari, Monica Fabiani et al. ### Abstract We introduce materials and composite designs for thin, breathable, soft electronics that ca...

  15. Células sangüíneas, eletrólitos séricos, relação hepato e esplenossomática de carpa-comum, Cyprinus carpio (Cyprinidae na primeira maturação gonadal - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v26i1.1661 Blood cells, seric electrolyte and Cyprinus carpio (Cyprinidae common carp hepatosomatic and splenosomatic relation in the first gonadal maturation - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v26i1.1661

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugênio de Campos Filho

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Foram estudados em ambos os sexos de Cyprinus carpio o fator relativo de condição (Kn, a relação hepato (RHS e esplenossomática (RES, o eritrograma, trombograma, leucograma, a localização de glicogênio pelo método de PAS em trombócitos e leucócitos e os níveis séricos de proteína total e de eletrólitos. O Kn nas fêmeas foi maior que nos machos. Os valores médios da RES nas fêmeas foram inferiores aos dos machos, enquanto que o número de leucócitos, linfócitos e neutrófilos foram superiores; porém os níveis séricos de magnésio e de cloreto nos machos foram maiores quando comparados aos das fêmeas. Os valores médios da RHS, hematócrito, concentração de hemoglobina, volume corpuscular médio (VCM, concentração da hemoglobina corpuscular média (CHCM, número de eritrócitos, trombócitos, monócitos, eosinófilos e leucócitos granular PAS-positivos (LG-PAS, níveis séricos de proteína total, sódio, potássio e cálcio não evidenciaram diferença estatisticamente significativa (P>0,05, entre machos e fêmeas. O método de PAS mostra grânulos de glicogênio no citoplasma de trombócitos, eosinófilos e neutrófilos. Entretanto, no citoplasma dos LG-PAS foram detectados grânulos de glicoproteínas neutras. Monócitos, linfócitos foram PAS negativos. Nos teleósteos o amadurecimento das gônadas apresenta forte relação com o fator de condição. Na fase de reprodução nem sempre é possível detectar os efeitos do sexo isoladamente no hemograma, pois muitas vezes esse pode não ser o único fator ocasionando dimorfismoThis research studied the condition (Kn relative factor, the hepatosomatic (HSR, the splenosomatic (SSR relation, the erythrocytes, thrombocytes and leukocytes number, the glicogen locality by PAS method in thrombocytes and leucocytes and the total protein and electrolytes serices levels in both Cyprinus carpio L. sex. The female Kn showed higher value than the males. The female HSR average values were lower than the ones observed in males, while the leukocytes, lymphocytes and neutrophils percentage number were the highest. However, the males magnesium and choride serices levels were higher than the females. The HRS average values, hematocrit, haemoglobin concentration, average corspucular volume (ACV, average corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (ACHC, erythocytes number, trombocytes, monocytes, oesinophils, positive PAS leukocyte granular (PAS-LG, and total protein, sodium, potassium and calcium serices levels did not show significant statistics difference (p> 0.05 between males and females. The PAS method showed glicogen granules into the thronbocytes, eosinophils and neutrophils cytoplasm. Nevertheless, in the PAS-LG cytoplasm, neutral glicoprotein granules were also observed. Monocytes and lynfocytes showed negative reaction to PAS. In the teleosts, the gonodas matureness presents higher relation with the factor of condition. During the reprodution period it is unlikely to find the sexual effects isolated in the hemogram, because most of the time that is not the only factor to cause dimorphism

  16. Influência da adição de probiótico e/ou prebiótico em dietas de leitões desmamados sobre as atividades das enzimas digestivas e parâmetros sangüíneos - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v26i4.1743 Influence of dietary addition of probiotic and/or prebiotic on digestive enzymes activity and blood parameters of weaned pigs - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v26i4.1743

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio João Scandolera

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Foram utilizados 44 leitões, desmamados aos 21 dias de idade, alimentados com cinco dietas (T1 – dieta basal; T2 – dieta basal + antibiótico; T3 – dieta basal + probiótico; T4 – dieta basal + prebiótico; T5 – dieta basal + simbiótico e abatidos em três idades diferentes (dia do desmame, 7 e 14 dias pós-desmame. Logo após o abate, foi colhido um seguimento do intestino delgado para análise das atividades enzimáticas. Foram coletadas amostras de sangue dos leitões nos mesmos momentos pós-desmame para a análise do quadro hematológico. Os resultados demonstraram que os produtos adicionados na dieta não alteraram as atividades das enzimas de mucosa, porém foi observado aumento (pThis experiment used forty-four piglets weaned at 21 days, fed with five diets (T1 – basal diet; T2 – basal diet + antibiotic; T3 – basal diet + probiotic; T4 – basal diet + prebiotic; T5 – basal diet + synbiotic and slaughtered at three different ages (at the weaning, 7 and 14 days post-weaning. Immediately after slaughter, samples of the small intestine were collected for enzyme determination. Blood samples of the piglets were collected in the same moments after weaning for hemogram analysis. The results showed that the products added in the diet did not alter the intestinal mucosa enzymes activity; even so, an increase (P<0,05 was observed in the sacarase and maltase specific activity after weaning (7 and 14 days in the piglets receiving prebiotic. The tested substances did not influence the blood parameters values studied.

  17. 1731-IJBCS-Article-Ngbolua K. N

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    En Afrique subsaharienne, plus de 80% d'enfants atteints de l'Anémie SS meurent avant l'âge de .... et sont cytopathogènes chez l'homme (Krief et al., 2010). ... Le prélèvement d'un échantillon sanguin de 5 ml de sang total sur EDTA dans.

  18. Musikterapi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2007-01-01

    Oversat fre engelsk:  Rachel Darnley-Smith & Helen M. Patey (2003) Music Therapy. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. Musikterapi er en nonverbal behandlingsform, der ved hjælp af teknikker som improvisation, sang, musiklytning og afspænding har til hensigt at skabe afklaring, forandring og...

  19. Music Brings People Together in Postwar Kosovo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luzha, Besa

    2005-01-01

    In my country of Kosovo, where we endured 10 years of terrible conflict, even in the most difficult of times songs were created speaking of freedom. As children sang these songs, it brought them hope for a better life in the future. When the conflict came to an end and peace was established in 1999, a special concert (the first classical concert…

  20. High-Level Operations in Nonprocedural Programming Languages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-12-01

    defining type specific operators. Abstract data type has been applied to the nonprocedural language NOPAL [Sang8O]. It was primarily used as a tool...Navigation............24 Network data model. ...... 24 NEXT...............98, 100 Nonterminals .......... 118 NOPAL .............19 Optimization .......... 80

  1. Periodontitis as a Risk Factor for Preterm Low Birth Weight Infants: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences · July - December 2014 · Vol 3 · Issue 2. 88 ... 3Orthodontics, Shri Vasantdada Patil Dental College, Sangli, Maharashtra, India ... Background: There is growing evidence showing that a number of complex human ..... American Academy of Periodontology position paper.

  2. Acoustic and Perceptual Measures of SATB Choir Performances on Two Types of Portable Choral Riser Units in Three Singer-Spacing Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daugherty, James F.; Manternach, Jeremy N.; Brunkan, Melissa C.

    2013-01-01

    Under controlled conditions, we assessed acoustically (long-term average spectra) and perceptually (singer survey, listener survey) six performances of an soprano, alto, tenor, and bass (SATB) choir ("N" = 27) as it sang the same musical excerpt on two portable riser units (standard riser step height, taller riser step height) with…

  3. On Tradeoffs between Trust Accuracy and Resource Consumption in Communications and Social Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-11

    in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). We study this tradeoff in a framework that balances the accuracy of evaluated trust with resource consumption...Jøsang, Proc. Network and Distributed Systems Security (NDSS’99) Symp., 1999. [3] M. Ruddy, 12th Int’l Command and Control Research and Technology

  4. Efficient Training Methods for Conditional Random Fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-02-01

    Learning (ICML), 2007. [63] Bruce G. Lindsay. Composite likelihood methods. Contemporary Mathematics, pages 221–239, 1988. 189 [64] Yan Liu, Jaime ...Conference on Machine Learning (ICML), pages 737–744, 2005. [107] Erik F. Tjong Kim Sang and Sabine Buchholz. Introduction to the CoNLL-2000 shared task

  5. A Practitioner’s Perspective on the Kenya I and Kenya II Cases before the ICC

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mc Gonigle, B.N.

    2014-01-01

    On 10 September 2013 the International Criminal Court (ICC) began hearing a case against William Ruto, Deputy President of the Republic of Kenya, and Joshua Sang. The related case against the President of Kenya, Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta, was scheduled to begin in November 2013 but has since been

  6. Revista de revistas

    OpenAIRE

    Revista, Facultad de Medicina

    2011-01-01

    Observaciones sobre la clasificación de los gliomas / Un medio de telurito agar-sangre para el diagnóstico rápido de la difteria / Estudios sobre sange conservada. - Cambios en los eritrocitos durante el almacenamiento

  7. Hea ja halb Baudelaire / Lauri Leesi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leesi, Lauri, 1945-

    2000-01-01

    Arvustus: Baudelaire, Charles. Kurja lilled / koost. August Sang. Tallinn : Perioodika, 1967. (Loomingu Raamatukogu; 35-36) ; Baudelaire, Charles. Väikesed kurja lilled / koost. Indrek Hirv. Tln. : Tänapäev, 2000 ; Baudelaire, Charles. Kurja õied / tlk. Tõnu Õnnepalu. Tln. : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2000

  8. Så mange var ordene

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fra omslaget: Så mødes de endelig. Sangeren og forfatteren, spillemanden og digteren. To af vores allerstørste. Kim Larsen og Klaus Rifbjerg tørner sammen over kaffe og smøger, guitar og båndoptager. Og mere end tredive danske sange. Det er blevet til en medrivende og humørfyldt samtale - om...

  9. The National Flag in My Heart

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖钦月; 李新春

    2004-01-01

    Many years ago, a famous singer sang a song: "Five-star red flag, I'm proud of you. Five-star red flag, I admire you ...". At the time, I only thought that the song sounded sweet. I hked it very much, But I really didn't understand the real meaning of the song!

  10. Playback and Feedback: Revelations of an "Encoding, Decoding" Analysis of Popular Songs Used to Teach English in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goering, Christian Z.; Wei, Huang

    2014-01-01

    In 2009 Rupke and Blank noted that the Chinese students in their study sang American songs that the researchers had never heard. This perceived dissonance could have a multitude of causes, but the authors of this article turned their attention to the curriculum used for teaching English in China to further understand the popularity and persistence…

  11. Gun Violence and the Meaning of American Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warnick, Bryan R.; Kim, Sang Hyun; Robinson, Shannon

    2015-01-01

    In the United States, targeted school shootings have become a distinct genre of violence. In this essay, Bryan Warnick, Sang Hyun Kim, and Shannon Robinson examine the social meanings that exist in American society that might contribute to this phenomenon, focusing on the question: "Why are schools conceptualized as appropriate places to…

  12. Fort Hood Building and Landscape Inventory with WWII and Cold War Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-01

    interns Rachel Lannan, Vincent Spencer , Timothy Scovic, and Sang Pak provided research support. Martin Stupich took the building photographs on...nard, and Brenda Henderson of the Fort Hood Directorate of Public Works; Dr. Char- lie Moore, Crystal Rohr, and Fred Chavez of the Fort Hood

  13. Effects of a Preparatory Singing Pattern on Melodic Dictation Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buonviri, Nathan O.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate effects of a preparatory contextual singing pattern on melodic dictation test scores. Forty-nine undergraduate music education majors took melodic dictations under three conditions. After hearing an orienting chord sequence, they (1) sang a preparatory solfége pattern in the key, meter, and tempo of the…

  14. Musik som kommunikationsform med demensramte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner

    I demensomsorgen er der stadig brug for at formulere metoder der beskriver og dokumenterer, hvordan det er muligt at dække psykosociale behov hos svært demensramte. Et forskningsprojekt fra Institut for Musik og Musikterapi, AAU, viser, at sang kan regulere urolig adfærd, skabe struktur omkring et...

  15. Towards detection of functional failure of equine articular cartilage : the metacarpophalangeal joint under scrutiny

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brommer, Harmen

    2005-01-01

    Who is not fascinated by the elegance of the top-level dressage horse or impressed by the power and agility of the show jumper? The horse appeals to everybody’s imagination as an athlete pur sang, thanks to its powerful musculoskeletal system. However, there are several conditions that threat the pr

  16. Innovativ formidling af førsteårsstuderende som et design-based research-forløb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjælde, Ole Eggers; Najbjerg, Rasmus Brøgger

    2017-01-01

    14 videoproduktioner, 4 tegneserier, 3 filmfortællinger, 2 sange, 2 nyhedsindslag, 2 børnebøger, 2 facebook-sider, 1 novelle og 1 toiletrulle var blandt resultaterne, da 112 førsteårsstuderende i det obligatoriske kursus Astrofysik på fysikuddannelsen på Aarhus Universitet blev deltagere i et lea...

  17. Gun Violence and the Meaning of American Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warnick, Bryan R.; Kim, Sang Hyun; Robinson, Shannon

    2015-01-01

    In the United States, targeted school shootings have become a distinct genre of violence. In this essay, Bryan Warnick, Sang Hyun Kim, and Shannon Robinson examine the social meanings that exist in American society that might contribute to this phenomenon, focusing on the question: "Why are schools conceptualized as appropriate places to…

  18. Music

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lech, Marcel Lysgaard

    2017-01-01

    Old Comedy was a musical experience of great variety. Accompanied by the piper, both choruses and actors sang frequently during the performance. Music in Old comedy reflects to some extend the importance of music in Athenian everyday life, but as Greek Comedy evolved and detached it self more...

  19. Southeast Asia Report. No. 1296

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-06-07

    junked by the Batasang Pambansa; and the Un- ited Nationalist Democra- tic Organization ( Unido ) blamed the ruling Kilu- sang Bagong Lipunan...concentrated only in Tarlac and Pam- panga, the rebels are now in several provinces, caus- ing terror among peaceful citizens," it said. The Unido said

  20. An Epithelial-Derived, Integral Membrane, Kunitz-Type Serine Protease Inhibitor in Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-08-01

    an epithelial membrane serine protease. J Biol Chein 275: 36720-36725, 2000. prevents15. Lin CY, Anders J, Johnson M, and Dickson RB. Purification and...functions properly, thus trypsin-like activity. J Biol Chein 274: 18231--18236, 1999. 0 avoiding harmful effects. 17. Lin CY, Wang JK, Torri J, Dou L, Sang

  1. Effect of a natural feed additive (Macleaya cordata), containing sanguinarine, on the performance and health status of weaning pigs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kantas, Dimitrios; Papatsiros, Vasileios G; Tassis, Panagiotis D; Athanasiou, Labrini V; Tzika, Eleni D

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of Sangrovit(®) , a plant-derived feed additive, given throughout the nursery stage via feed at 15 ppm and 50 ppm, on the health status and performance of weaners against negative controls. In a 900-sow farrow-to-finish farm, a total of 864 piglets were divided into three groups: (i) negative controls (NC); (ii) Sang 15: same feed as NCs, plus 15 g Sangrovit(®) /t of feed; (iii) Sang 50: same feed as NCs plus 50 g Sangrovit(®) /t of feed. The results indicated that administration of 50 ppm(-) Sangrovit(®) had the most beneficial effects on growth performance in weaning pigs. Specifically there was increase of body weight and average daily gain, as well as reduction of feed conversion ratio. Blood analysis from the Sang groups and especially the Sang 50 group revealed low values of haptoglobin and serum amyloid A.

  2. Syndromes of Indirect Communication : A Functional Analysis of the Static Long-take Technique in Apichatpong Weerasethakul's Feature Films

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Purnama, Ari

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the functional potentialities of the static long-take application, as an alternative filming method to the coverage approach, in the film-making style of Apichatpong Weerasethakul. By employing stylistic analysis on Sang Sattawat/Syndromes and a Century (2006) and Sud Sanaeha/

  3. NON-GRAMMATICAL APOPHONY IN ENGLISH.

    Science.gov (United States)

    WESCOTT, ROGER W.

    AN APOPHONE MAY BE DEFINED GENERALLY AS A POLYSYLLABIC VOWEL SEQUENCE SUCH THAT EACH CONTAINED VOWEL IS LOWER OR MORE RETRACTED THAN THE VOWEL WHICH PRECEDES IT --"SING, SANG, SUNG," AND "CLINK, CLANK, CLUNK" ARE EXAMPLES IN ENGLISH. FOR NEARLY EVERY CASE OF GRAMMATICAL APOPHONY IN ENGLISH THERE IS A NON-GRAMMATICAL (YET…

  4. A History of Education in Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colwell, Richard

    2012-01-01

    Music has pervaded American history since the founding fathers sang hymns aboard the Mayflower. From that time until the present, music has been so embedded in U.S. society that it is experienced subconsciously in events and activities that are a part of daily life. Learning and instruction take place in the home, in churches, in the community,…

  5. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-HSAP-10-0023 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-HSAP-10-0023 ref|NP_048116.1| ORF MSV045 hypothetical protein [Melanoplus sang...uinipes entomopoxvirus] gb|AAC97618.1| ORF MSV045 hypothetical protein [Melanoplus sanguinipes entomopoxvirus] NP_048116.1 0.001 24% ...

  6. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-OGAR-01-1169 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-OGAR-01-1169 ref|NP_048273.1| ORF MSV202 hypothetical protein [Melanoplus sang...uinipes entomopoxvirus] gb|AAC97758.1| ORF MSV202 hypothetical protein [Melanoplus sanguinipes entomopoxvirus] NP_048273.1 1.8 22% ...

  7. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-BTAU-01-2984 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-BTAU-01-2984 ref|NP_048305.1| ORF MSV233 hypothetical protein [Melanoplus sang...uinipes entomopoxvirus] gb|AAC97745.1| ORF MSV233 hypothetical protein [Melanoplus sanguinipes entomopoxvirus] NP_048305.1 0.005 34% ...

  8. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-LAFR-01-3827 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-LAFR-01-3827 ref|NP_048116.1| ORF MSV045 hypothetical protein [Melanoplus sang...uinipes entomopoxvirus] gb|AAC97618.1| ORF MSV045 hypothetical protein [Melanoplus sanguinipes entomopoxvirus] NP_048116.1 3e-05 23% ...

  9. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-MMUS-13-0121 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-MMUS-13-0121 ref|NP_048116.1| ORF MSV045 hypothetical protein [Melanoplus sang...uinipes entomopoxvirus] gb|AAC97618.1| ORF MSV045 hypothetical protein [Melanoplus sanguinipes entomopoxvirus] NP_048116.1 2e-07 25% ...

  10. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-OGAR-01-0088 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-OGAR-01-0088 ref|NP_048273.1| ORF MSV202 hypothetical protein [Melanoplus sang...uinipes entomopoxvirus] gb|AAC97758.1| ORF MSV202 hypothetical protein [Melanoplus sanguinipes entomopoxvirus] NP_048273.1 1.8 22% ...

  11. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-DDIS-01-0174 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-DDIS-01-0174 ref|NP_048305.1| ORF MSV233 hypothetical protein [Melanoplus sang...uinipes entomopoxvirus] gb|AAC97745.1| ORF MSV233 hypothetical protein [Melanoplus sanguinipes entomopoxvirus] NP_048305.1 7e-08 46% ...

  12. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-ACAR-01-0317 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-ACAR-01-0317 ref|NP_048116.1| ORF MSV045 hypothetical protein [Melanoplus sang...uinipes entomopoxvirus] gb|AAC97618.1| ORF MSV045 hypothetical protein [Melanoplus sanguinipes entomopoxvirus] NP_048116.1 2e-13 29% ...

  13. Fighting for Rights

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Paralyzed gymnast brings a compensation lawsuit to U.S.courts for an accident 13 years ago Former Chinese gymnast Sang Lan, who was left paralyzed after landing head first during a practice vault at the 1998 Goodwill Games in New York, filed a lawsuit on April 28

  14. Disease: H01265 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ala H, Kopra O, Vesa J, Finnila S, Visapaa I, Sang TK, Jackson GR, Salonen R, Kes...19844] [KO:K16472] KIF7 [HSA:374654] [KO:K10395] ICD-10: Q87.8 OMIM: 236680 614120 PMID:15843405 Mee L, Honk

  15. Song type sharing in common nightingales, Luscinia megarhynchos, and its implications for cultural evolution

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sprau, P.; Mundry, R.

    2010-01-01

    The sharing of song types between males of the same local population is a common phenomenon in some songbird species. One presumed advantage of such sharing is that it enables ‘song matching’ (i.e. responding to an interactant with the song he just sang or another song of the interactant’s repertoir

  16. BLOOD DONATION

    CERN Multimedia

    SC Unit

    2008-01-01

    A blood donation, organized by EFS (Etablissement Français du Sang) of Annemasse will take place On Wednesday 12 November 2008, from 8:30 to 16:00, at CERN Restaurant 2 If possible, please, bring your blood group Card.

  17. Preemia Marko Laimrele / Mare Pedanik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pedanik, Mare, 1962-

    1999-01-01

    XXIII rahvusvaheline graafikabiennaal Ljubljanas 19. VI-30. IX. Eesti kuraator Eha Komissarov, kujundaja Liina Siib. Elutöö preemia ئ Lojze Spacal, grand prix ئ Richard Hamilton, peaauhind ئ Sang-Gon Chung, üks kolmest hõbemedalist ئ Marko Laimre installatsioon "Verelilled" (digitaaltrükk, segatehnika, 1999). Andres Tali, Liina Siibi, Marko Mäetamme väljapanekust

  18. A History of Education in Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colwell, Richard

    2012-01-01

    Music has pervaded American history since the founding fathers sang hymns aboard the Mayflower. From that time until the present, music has been so embedded in U.S. society that it is experienced subconsciously in events and activities that are a part of daily life. Learning and instruction take place in the home, in churches, in the community,…

  19. I'm just a girl who can't say no... or yes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, Jane

    2017-02-08

    'I'm just a girl who can't say no,' sang Ado Annie in the musical Oklahoma. Well, I'm just a girl who can't say yes or no, I discovered, when taking part in a health questionnaire. 'These are yes or no answers,' said the person grilling me, pointedly.

  20. A Story About Mr Cook

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋海燕

    2004-01-01

    Mr Cook lived in the capital. He sang well and often composed (创作) a lot of music himself. People liked to listen to his songs and music. He hated the noise and often went to the quiet places and stayed there for days. There he could compose a few pieces of new music.

  1. 77 FR 72322 - Order Denying Export Privileges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-05

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security Order Denying Export Privileges In the Matter of: Kue Sang Chun... convicted of violating Section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778 (2000)) (``AECA''). Specifically, Chun was convicted of knowingly exporting and causing the export from the United States to...

  2. Proceedings of the Symposium on the Interface of Computer Science and Statistics (17th) Held in Lexington, Kentucky on 17-19 March 1985.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-03-04

    errors, i, were produced using the Marsaglia and The references for the datasets used in our Monte [sang pseudo-normal random number algorithm (1984) as... Marsaglia , G., Tsang, W. W. (1984), "A fast, easily imple- Microwave Absorption Line Function monied method for sampling from decreasing or sym

  3. The Future of Digital Music Services in Three Stereotypes; How Focus Groups of End Users See the New Business Models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bookholt, Erik; Spil, Ton A.M.; Katsma, C.P.

    2013-01-01

    “I am just a stereotype” sang Terry Hall in 1980. Ariola records took them in and made the band The Specials a world success. How will that process go in 2014? Will they put it on You Tube for free? Do they need a record company? Will they have less or more fans, earn less or more money? Focus gro

  4. Syndromes of Indirect Communication : A Functional Analysis of the Static Long-take Technique in Apichatpong Weerasethakul's Feature Films

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Purnama, Ari

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the functional potentialities of the static long-take application, as an alternative filming method to the coverage approach, in the film-making style of Apichatpong Weerasethakul. By employing stylistic analysis on Sang Sattawat/Syndromes and a Century (2006) and Sud Sanaeha/

  5. The Effect of Pattern Recognition and Tonal Predictability on Sight-Singing Ability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fine, Philip; Berry, Anna; Rosner, Burton

    2006-01-01

    This study investigated the role of concurrent musical parts in pitching ability in sight-singing, concentrating on the effects of melodic and harmonic coherence. Twenty-two experienced singers sang their part twice in each of four novel chorales. The chorales contained either original or altered melody and original (tonal) or altered (atonal)…

  6. Kaua oodatud teos on ilmunud / Karl Muru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Muru, Karl

    1995-01-01

    Arvustus: Laitinen, Kai. Soome kirjanduse ajalugu / Tlk. Piret Saluri, Ruth Mirov, värsid tlk. Jaan Kaplinski, Joel Sang. Tln. : Vagabund, 1994. Sisaldab ka Edith Södergrani luuletuse 'Lapsepõlve puud', tlk. Gustav Suits ¬ 'Mu lapsepõlve puud', tlk. Debora Vaarandi

  7. 夜色迷离,盛装魅影

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    小妖; 杨大为(摄影)

    2009-01-01

    In sleep he sang to me, in dreams he came that voice which calls to me and speaks my name, And do I dream again? For now I find the Phantom of the Opera is there-inside my mind.无法忘记《歌剧魅影》中Christine前往墓园时唱的歌。

  8. Could Tomkat Hit the Music Charts?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张英辉

    2007-01-01

    It has been reported that Tom Cruise is to release a record with new wife Katie Holmes after their wedding. Britain’s Daily Star newspaper said,"Tom’s got a great voice.And he loves that song ever since his Top Gun character Maverick sang it to his love interest Kelly McGillis.Katie proved how talented she is

  9. BLOOD DONATION

    CERN Multimedia

    SC Unit

    2008-01-01

    A blood donation, organized by EFS (Etablissement Français du Sang) of Annemasse will take place On Wednesday 12 November 2008, from 8:30 to 16:00, at CERN Restaurant 2 If possible, please, bring your blood group Card.

  10. On degree phrases and result clauses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rijkhoek, Paulien Dea

    1998-01-01

    This dissertation consists of two parts, one on degree phrases and one on result clauses. Sentence (1) below exemplifies a result clause construction: (1) Zij had zo mooi gezongen dat het publiek er stil van was she has so beautifully sang that the audience there silent of was ‘She had sung so beaut

  11. Student Rights, Clarence Thomas, and the Revolutionary Vision of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warnick, Bryan R.; Rowe, Bradley; Kim, Sang Hyun

    2009-01-01

    In his concurring opinion to the 2007 U.S. Supreme Court decision, "Morse v. Frederick," Justice Clarence Thomas argues that the "Tinker" decision, which granted students constitutional rights in public schools, should be overturned on originalist grounds. In this essay, Bryan Warnick, Bradley Rowe, and Sang Hyun Kim make the case that Thomas's…

  12. Effects of clove (Caryophyllus aromaticus L. on the labeling of blood constituents with technetium-99m and on the morphology of red blood cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Severo de Paoli

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Clove (Caryophyllus aromaticus L. has been used for clinical procedures. Blood constituents labeled with technetium-99m (99mTc are used in nuclear medicine. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of clove extract on the labeling blood constituents with 99mTc and on the morphology of red blood cells. Blood samples were incubated with clove, stannous chloride and 99mTc. Plasma, blood cells, insoluble fractions of plasma and blood cells were separated. The radioactivity was counted and percentage of radioactivity (%ATI to each blood fraction was calculated. The shape and morphometric parameter (perimeter/area ratio were evaluated. Clove extract altered significantly (pO cravo-da-índia (Caryophyllus aromaticus L. tem sido usado em tratamentos clínicos. Constituintes sangüíneos marcados com tecnécio-99m (99mTc são usados em medicina nuclear O objetivo foi avaliar os efeitos de um extrato de cravo-da-índia na marcação de constituintes sangüíneos com 99mTc e na morfologia das hemácias. Amostras de sangue foram incubadas com cravo-da-índia, cloreto estanoso e 99mTc. Plasma, células sangüíneas, frações insolúveis do plasma e das células sangüíneas foram separadas. A porcentagem de radioatividade incorporada (% ATI nestas frações foi calculada. Forma e relação perímetro/área das hemácias foram avaliadas. O extrato de cravo-da-índia alterou significativamente (p<0,05 a radiomarcação de constituintes sangüíneos e qualitativamente a forma das hemácias. Não foram obtidas alterações na relação perímetro/área hemácias. Os resultados indicam que o extrato de cravo-da-índia apresenta compostos que interferem com a radiomarcação de constituintes sangüíneos e alteram a morfologia de células sangüíneas através de ações oxidativas/quelantes ou interagindo com a estrutura da membrana celular.

  13. Role of serum angiopoietin-2 level in screening for esophageal squamous cell cancer and its precursors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Ying-zhi; FANG Xue-qiang; LI Hao; DIAO Yu-tao; YANG Yan-fang; ZHAO De-li; WU Kan; LI Hui-qing

    2007-01-01

    Background Angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) is one of the critical regulators of tumor angiogenesis. Studies have shown a significant correlation of Ang-2 expression to tumor invasion and metastasis in various human cancers, but little is known about the serum Ang-2 (sAng-2) levels in esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC) and its precursors. In this study, we aimed to investigate its role in screening for ESCC and its precursors.Methods We carried out a free endoscopic screening in Feicheng City, a high ESCC incidence area in Shandong Province of China. Serum samples were collected as follows: 91 from normal subjects, 44 from patients with esophagitis,85 from patients with hyperplasia, and 13 from patients with early ESCC. In addition, 28 serum samples were obtained from patients with invasive ESCC undergoing surgery in People's Hospital of Feicheng City. All the subjects of the five groups were diagnosed by histopathology. The sAng-2 levels were tested and compared, and the diagnostic power in early or/and invasive ESCC was calculated in terms of sensitivity and other parameters.Results The sAng-2 levels were (22.0±5.5), (21.3±3.2), (20.5±3.3), (24.0±5.0), and (29.8±5.0) U/ml in normal,esophagitis, hyperplasia, early ESCC, and invasive ESCC groups respectively. It was significantly higher in early ESCC than inhyperplasia group (P=0.009). The invasive ESCC group showed the highest Ang-2 level among all groups (all P=0.000). The sensitivities of sAng-2 to early and invasive ESCC were 23.1% and 78.6% respectively.Conclusion sAng-2 level is related to carcinogenesis and progression of ESCC, but it can not be used to screen for early ESCC.

  14. Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni - chemical composition and functional properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcinek, Katarzyna; Krejpcio, Zbigniew

    2015-01-01

    Sweetleaf (Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni), currently investigated by many researchers, has been known and used for more than a thousand years indigenous tribes of South America, who called it "kaa-hee" ("sweet herb"). Thanks to its chemical composition and processability sweetleaf may be an alternative for synthetic sweeteners. Nutritional and health-promoting aspects of Stevia rebaudiana are presently being studied in many research centres. The aim of this study is to present nutritional and health-promoting value of the still-little known sweetleaf.

  15. Radiation Therapy of Pituitary Tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Moon Baik; Hong, Seong Eong [Kyunghee University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1989-12-15

    Radiation treatment results were analyzed in a retrospective analysis of 47 patients with pituitary adenoma treated with radiation alone or combined with surgery from 1974 through 1987 at the Department of Therapeutic Radiology of Kyung Hee University. The 5-year overall survival rates for all patients was 80.4%. Radiation therapy was effective for improving visual symptoms and headache, but could not normalize amenorrhea and galactorrhoea. There was no difference of survival rate between radiation alone and combination with surgery. Prognostic factors such as age, sex, disease type, visual field, headache and surgical treatment were statistically no significant in survival rates of these patients.

  16. Handbook of graph drawing and visualization

    CERN Document Server

    Tamassia, Roberto

    2013-01-01

    Planarity Testing and Embedding Maurizio PatrignaniCrossings and Planarization Christoph Buchheim, Markus Chimani, Carsten Gutwenger, Michael Jünger, and Petra MutzelSymmetric Graph Drawing Peter Eades and Seok-Hee HongProximity Drawings Giuseppe LiottaTree Drawing Algorithms Adrian RusuPlanar Straight-Line Drawing Algorithms Luca VismaraPlanar Orthogonal and Polyline Drawing Algorithms Christian A. Duncan and Michael T. GoodrichSpine and Radial Drawings Emilio Di Giacomo, Walter Didimo, and Giuseppe LiottaCircular Drawing Algorithms Janet M. Six and Ioannis G. TollisRectangular Drawing Algori

  17. Policy Simulation of the International Coffee Economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    HIGH7 ROUT I NE 1>COFFEE0QUTA2= COFFE §UTA2 EXCEPT tQHD5,C 2>ENAEO05 XSMO 5 EXAFREQH CEXBAEQ5Exl 4> COFFEE @QUOtA2= COFF W OCT7R Q0 >EXNME EXSAI4OT1HEE , 5...AD-AI1N 682 DEPARTMENT OF STATE. WASHINGTON DC OFFICE OF EXTERNAL-ETC F/8 5/3 POLICY SIMULATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COFFEE ECONOMY.(U) 1981 W C...POLICY SIMULATION OF T=E INTERNATIONAL COFFEE ECONOMY: FINAL REPORT by Walter C. Labys* This final report describes the completed research of the coffee

  18. SOFTWARE TRAINING AIDS DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION IN PROFESSIONAL PREPARATION PRACTICE OF TECHNOLOGICAL EDUCATION TEACHER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anatoliy G. Gritchenko

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The article outlines the theoretical and practical aspects of software training aids development and implementation in professional preparation practice of technological education teacher. The myriad opportunities of new information technologies are described; the characteristic features of modern software training tool (STT are revealed; the main algorithmic structure circuits of training programs construction (linear, cyclic, with hyperlinks, to the labels, which enable the development of STT variety and functionality are given; the methodology of STT creating is described based on the analysis of the technology teacher preparation in HEE content, MITE didactic functions and selection criteria of educational software for this area of specialist’s preparation.

  19. Rapid green synthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles using Dendropanax morbifera leaf extract and their anticancer activities

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Chao Wang,1 Ramya Mathiyalagan,2 Yeon Ju Kim,1 Veronica Castro-Aceituno,1 Priyanka Singh,1 Sungeun Ahn,1 Dandan Wang,1 Deok Chun Yang1,2 1Department of Oriental Medicine Biotechnology and Ginseng Bank, 2Graduate School of Biotechnology and Ginseng Bank, College of Life Sciences, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Republic of Korea Abstract: Dendropanax morbifera Léveille is an oriental medicinal plant that is traditionally used in folk medicine and grows in a specific region of South ...

  20. Determination of the pion charge form factor for Q^2 = 0.60-1.60 (GeV/c)^2

    CERN Document Server

    Tadevosyan, V; Huber, G M; Abbott, D; Anklin, H; Armstrong, C; Arrington, J; Assamagan, K A; Avery, S; Baker, O K; Bochna, C; Brash, E J; Breuer, H; Chant, N; Dunne, J; Eden, T; Ent, R; Gaskell, D; Gilman, R; Gustafsson, K; Hinton, W; Jackson, H; Jones, M K; Keppel, C; Kim, P H; Kim, W; Klein, A; Koltenuk, D; Liang, M; Lolos, G J; Lung, A; Mack, D J; McKee, D; Meekins, D; Mitchell, J; Mkrtchyan, H; Müller, B; Niculescu, G N I; Pitz, D; Potterveld, D; Qin, L M; Reinhold, J; Shin, I K; Stepanyan, S; Tang, L G; Van der Meer, R L J; Vansyoc, K; Van Westrum, D; Volmer, J; Vulcan, W; Wood, S; Yan, C; Zhao, W X; Zihlmann, B

    2006-01-01

    The data analysis for the reaction H(e,e' pi^+)n, which was used to determine values for the charged pion form factor Fpi for values of Q2 = 0.6-1.6 (gEv/C)^2, has been repeated with careful inspection of all steps and special attention to systematic uncertainties. Also the method used to extract Fpi from the measured longitudinal cross section was critically reconsidered. Final values for the separated longitudinal and transverse cross sections and the extracted values of Fpi are presented.

  1. Exploitation of the IMS and Other Data for a Comprehensive Advanced Analysis of the North Korean Nuclear Tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    98, No. 5, pp. 2498–2506, October 2008, doi: 10.1785/0120080929. Che, Il-Young, Tae Sung Kim, Jeong-Soo Jeon and Hee-Il Lee (2009) Infrasound...Workshop on Seismic Location and Discrimination in Korea, Phillips Lab Report PL-TR-96-2086, 313-322. Herrmann, R., Y. Jeon , H. Yoo, K. Cho, W. Walter, M...mb(Pn), mb(Lg) scales and transportability of the M0:mb discriminant to new tectonic regions,” Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 87, 1083-1099. Richards, Paul

  2. Disentangling Memories. Complex (Be)longings and Social Categories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Chistina Hee; Frølunde, Lisbeth

    2013-01-01

    of the participants and how meaning making connected to social categories express themselves in language. Two different methodological approaches were in play; Memory Work (Haug 1987, 1992, Haug et al 1994, Hee Pedersen 2008, Hyle et. al 2008, Wiederberg 2011) and Collective Biographies (Davies 2000a, 2000b, Davies...... belonging to a specific social or racial group. (Be)longing to a specific gendered and radicalised body constitutes in the analysis of these stories an excellent “location,” from which to analyse how socio/cultural and socio/economic categories like class, nationality and age intersect with one another...

  3. Reference: 105 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Hee et al. 2004 Sep. Plant Cell 16(9):2406-17. BRASSINOSTEROID-INSENSITIVE 1 (BRI1) is a Leu-rich-repeat (LRR) re...ceptor kinase that functions as a critical component of a transmembrane brassinosteroid (BR) receptor.... It is believed that BRI1 becomes activated through heterodimerization with BAK1, a similar LRR re...ceptor kinase, in response to BR signal. A yeast two-hybrid screen using the kinase domain ...of BRI1 identified an Arabidopsis thaliana Transthyretin-Like protein (TTL) as a potential BRI1 substrate. T

  4. Study of Solar Energetic Particles (SEPs) Using Largely Separated Spacecraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-31

    AFRL-AFOSR-JP-TR-2016-0102 Study of solar energetic particles (SEPs) using largely separated spacecraft Jinhye Park KYUNG HEE UNIVERSITY, RESEARCH...energetic particles (SEPs) using largely separated spacecraft 5a.  CONTRACT NUMBER 5b.  GRANT NUMBER FA2386-13-1-4066 5c.  PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 61102F...Release 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14. ABSTRACT Solar energetic particles (SEPs) are one of the main activities in terms of space weather forecast. SEPs could

  5. Novel and Efficient Synthesis of the Promising Drug Candidate Discodermolide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    supported in part by this award: Ph.D. SUNY Stony Brook: Zhou Zhou Ph.D. SUNY Stony Brook: Peng Wang Ph.D. SUNY Stony Brook: Qiu- zhe Xie Ph.D. SUNY...Stolarzewicz Ph.D. SUNY Stony Brook: Pei Wang Continuing in the PhD program at SUNY Stony Brook Junyong Lee Hee Nam Lim Daniel C. Elliot Matthew E...IBS) in Waltham, MA. Intelligent Biosystems is a biotech company that is focused on efficient gene sequencing. Peng Wang is employed by Ren

  6. Supplier Partnership Strategy and Global Competitiveness: A Case of Samsung Electronics

    OpenAIRE

    Jangwoo Lee; Kapsoo Lee; Junseok Heo

    2015-01-01

    Samsung Group has accelerated its management innovation process, following the announcement of ‘New Management’ by the CEO Lee Kun-Hee. Particular attention must be paid to the smart-phone business of Samsung Electronics, which is the core company of the Samsung Group. In 2009, as Apple entered into the Korean market, the domestic smart-phone market faced the so called ‘Apple Shock’ due to its choice of a monopolistic and closed operating system. In response, Samsung Electronics introduced th...

  7. Effect of a peel passion fruit flour (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa extract on the labeling of blood constituents with technetium-99m and on the morphology of red blood cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Machado Rebello

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa (maracuja is a fruit consumed in Brazil and worldwide. Blood constituents labeled with technetium-99m (99mTc are used in nuclear medicine. The effect of P. flavicarpa extract on the radiolabeling of blood constituents and on red blood cells morphology was evaluated. Blood samples from Wistar rats was incubated with P. flavicarpa extract. After that, the labeling of blood constituents with 99mTc was carried out. Samples of plasma and blood cells were precipitated with trichloroacetic acid to isolate the soluble and insoluble fractions of plasma and blood cells. The radioactivity in each fractions was counted and the percentage of radioactivity was determined. Blood smears were also prepared to morphological evaluation and perimeter/area ratio determination. P. flavicarpa extract altered (pPassiflora edulis f. flavicarpa (maracujá é um fruto consumido no Brasil e no mundo. O efeito de um extrato de farinha da casca de maracujá na marcação dos constituintes sangüíneos com tecnécio-99m e na morfologia de hemácias foi avaliado. Amostras de sangue de ratos Wistar, foram incubadas com extrato de P. flavicarpa. Em seguida, o procedimento de marcação de constituintes sangüíneos com Tc-99m foi realizado. Amostras de plasma e células sangüíneas foram separadas e alíquotas destas frações foram precipitadas com ácido tricloroacético para isolamento das frações solúvel e insolúvel do plasma e das células sangüíneas. A radiatividade em cada fração foi contada a porcentagem de radioatividade (%ATI foi calculada. Distensões sangüíneas foram também preparadas para avaliação morfológica e da relação perímetro/área de hemácias. O extrato de P. flavicarpa alterou a fixação do 99mTc nas proteínas plasmáticas e a relação perímetro/área das hemácias. Substâncias presentes no extrato de P. flavicarpa poderiam afetar a marcação de constituintes sangüíneos com 99mTc atuando em alvos

  8. Effect of an Arctium lappa (burdock extract on the labeling of blood constituents with technetium-99m and on the morphology of the red blood cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosane de Figueiredo Neves

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Arctium lappa (burdock has been used to treat inflammatory processes. Blood constituents labeled with technetium-99m (99mTc have been utilized in nuclear medicine. It was evaluated the influence of a burdock extract on the labeling of blood constituents with 99mTc and on the morphometry of red blood cells. Blood samples from Wistar rats were incubated with burdock extract and the radiolabeling procedure was carried out. Plasma and blood cells, soluble and insoluble fractions of plasma and blood cells were separated. The radioactivity in each fraction was counted and the percentages of radioactivity (%ATI were determined. Morphology and morphometric (perimeter/area ratio measurements of red blood cells (RBC were performed. The incubation with burdock extract significantly (pArctium lappa (bardana tem sido utilizada na medicina popular para o tratamento de processos inflamatórios. Constituintes sangüíneos marcados com tecnécio-99m (99mTc são utilizados na medicina nuclear para obtenção de imagens. Neste trabalho foi avaliada a influência de um extrato de bardana na marcação de constituintes sangüíneos com 99mTc e na morfologia de hemácias. Amostras de sangue de ratos Wistar foram incubadas com extrato de bardana e o processo de radiomarcação de constituintes sangüíneos foi realizado. Plasma e células sangüíneas, frações solúvel e insolúvel do plasma e das células sangüíneas foram separadas, a radioatividade em cada fração foi contada e as porcentagens de radioatividade (%ATI foram determinadas. A morfologia e a relação perímetro/área das hemácias foram avaliadas. A incubação de sangue com o extrato de bardana alterou significativamente (p<0.05 a %ATI a distribuição de radioatividade nos compartimentos plasmático e celular. A relação perímetro/área de hemácias, bem como a forma das hemácias também sofreram alterações Modificações na membrana poderiam justificar a diminuição da marcação das c

  9. 秦巴山区桑黄18SrDNA的序列与亲缘关系分析%Analysis of sequence and genetic relationship of 18SrDNA of Phellinus linteus in Qinba Mountains

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷萍; 吴亚召; 张文隽; 张月娟; 李叶昕

    2012-01-01

    Aim 3 different Phellinus linteus strains collected from the QinBa Mountain area are used, cloned and sequenced the sections of their 18SrDNA to compare the sequence characteristics and analyse their genetic relation-ship. Methods By comparing the three 18SrDNA nucleic acid sequences with the GenBank for homology compari-son, obtained 11 most similar 18SrDNA sequences are obtained. Results 18SrDNA sequence length of these 3 Phellinus linteus strains are Hua Sang 1294bp, Sang-sl337bp, Sang turn 1289bp respectivily. Conclusion For the two Phellinus linteus strains, Sang-s and Hua Sang together with the Powell's pin-hole fungus Inonotus baumii, similarities were 99. 8% and 99. 9%.%目的 以采自秦巴山区的3个不同桑黄菌株作为研究材料,进行18SrDNA区段克隆测序和序列特征比较,进行亲缘关系分析.方法 对18SrDNA序列进行核酸序列数据库GenBank同源性检索比对,将从GenBank检索获得的11个最相似物种的18SrDNA序列连同3个不同桑黄菌株的18SrDNA序列一起用于系统发育分析.结果 3个桑黄菌株的18SrDNA序列长度为桦桑1294bp,桑-s1337bp,桑转1289bp.结论 其中2个桑黄菌株桑-s和桦桑与鲍氏针层孔菌(Inonotus baumii)聚在一起,相似性分别为99.8%和99.9%.

  10. New energy crop giant cane (Arundo donax L.) can substitute traditional energy crops increasing biogas yield and reducing costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luca, Corno; Pilu, Roberto; Tambone, Fulvia; Scaglia, Barbara; Adani, Fabrizio

    2015-09-01

    Giant cane is a promising non-food crop for biogas production. Giant cane and corn silages coming from full-scale fields were tested, in mixtures with pig slurry, for biomethane production by a continuous stirred tank lab-scale-reactor (CSTR) approach. Results indicated that giant cane produced less biomethane than corn, i.e. 174±10 N m(3) CH4 Mg(-1) TS(-1) and 245±26 N m(3) CH4 Mg(-1) TS(-1), respectively. On the other hand, because of its high field biomass production, the biogas obtainable per Ha was higher for giant cane than for corn, i.e. 12,292 N m(3) CH4 Ha(-1) and 4549 N m(3) CH4 Ha(-1), respectively. Low energetic and agronomic inputs for giant cane cultivation led to a considerable reduction in the costs of producing both electricity and biomethane, i.e. 0.50 € N m(-3) CH4(-1) and 0.81 € N m(-3) CH4(-1), and 0.10 € kW hEE(-1) and 0.19 € kW hEE(-1) for biomethane and electricity production, and for giant cane and corn mixtures respectively.

  11. Hybrid Enhanced Epidermal SpaceSuit Design Approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jessup, Joseph M.

    A Space suit that does not rely on gas pressurization is a multi-faceted problem that requires major stability controls to be incorporated during design and construction. The concept of Hybrid Epidermal Enhancement space suit integrates evolved human anthropomorphic and physiological adaptations into its functionality, using commercially available bio-medical technologies to address shortcomings of conventional gas pressure suits, and the impracticalities of MCP suits. The prototype HEE Space Suit explored integumentary homeostasis, thermal control and mobility using advanced bio-medical materials technology and construction concepts. The goal was a space suit that functions as an enhanced, multi-functional bio-mimic of the human epidermal layer that works in attunement with the wearer rather than as a separate system. In addressing human physiological requirements for design and construction of the HEE suit, testing regimes were devised and integrated into the prototype which was then subject to a series of detailed tests using both anatomical reproduction methods and human subject.

  12. Preliminary phytochemical, pharmacological and antibacterial studies of the alkaloidal extracts of the leaves of Synclisia scabrida Miers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sokomba, E; Wambebe, C; Chowdhury, B K; Iriah, J; Ogbeide, O N; Orkor, D

    1986-11-01

    Preliminary phytochemical investigation of the leaves of Synclisia scabrida indicated the presence of two alkaloids in the water extracts and five alkaloids in the ethanol extracts. The alkaloidal fraction obtained from the cold ethanol extract furnished on column-chromatography, a homogeneous amorphous solid which has been designated as alkaloid C. Alkaloid C showed positive test for alkaloids. The UV and IR spectra and colour reactions of alkaloid C indicated that the compound may be a phenolic bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid. All the extracts delayed the onset and shortened the duration of apomorphine-induced stereotyped behaviour in chicks. In addition, 40 mg kg-1 i.p. of the ethanolic extract induced catalepsy in rats. The cold water extract (CWE) synchronized the EEG of the hyperstriatum, optic tectum and the reticular formation while the EMG activity was slightly enhanced. The hot ethanol alkaloidal extract (HEE) inhibited the growth of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. The minimum inhibitory concentration of HEE on Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains I and II were 5 and 2.5 micrograms/ml while for Staphylococcus aureus strains I and II were 5 and 10 micrograms/ml, respectively. Up to 1 g kg-1 i.p. of the extract failed to induce any lethal effect in chicks and rats. These effects of the leaf extracts of Synclisia scabrida Miers support some of the local uses of the plant by traditional medical practitioners.

  13. Genomics education for medical professionals - the current UK landscape.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slade, Ingrid; Subramanian, Deepak N; Burton, Hilary

    2016-08-01

    Genomics education in the UK is at an early stage of development, and its pace of evolution has lagged behind that of the genomics research upon which it is based. As a result, knowledge of genomics and its applications remains limited among non-specialist clinicians. In this review article, we describe the complex landscape for genomics education within the UK, and highlight the large number and variety of organisations that can influence, direct and provide genomics training to medical professionals. Postgraduate genomics education is being shaped by the work of the Health Education England (HEE) Genomics Education Programme, working in conjunction with the Joint Committee on Genomics in Medicine. The success of their work will be greatly enhanced by the full cooperation and engagement of the many groups, societies and organisations involved with medical education and training (such as the royal colleges). Without this cooperation, there is a risk of poor coordination and unnecessary duplication of work. Leadership from an organisation such as the HEE Genomics Education Programme will have a key role in guiding the formulation and delivery of genomics education policy by various stakeholders among the different disciplines in medicine.

  14. Tiam1 gene expression and its significance in colorectal carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Liu; De-Hua Wu; Yan-Qing Ding

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To explore the expression of Tiam1 gene in colorectal carcinoma and its correlation with tumor metastasis.METHODS: Expressions of Tiam1 gene in 8 colorectal carcinoma cell lines were detected by reverse transcriptasepolymerase chain reaction. In vitro invasiveness was determined by means of Matrigel invasion assay. The correlation of Tiam1 expression with the invasive ability was also analyzed.RESULTS: Tiam1 gene was highly expressed in LoVo and SW620, which were established from metastatic colorectal carcinomas in comparison with LS174T, SW480, HCT116,LST, HRT-18 and Hee8693, which were established from primary colorectal carcinomas. In vitro cell invasivion demonstrated that LoVo and SW620 had a higher invasive ability than LS174T, SW480, HCT116, LST, HRT-18 and Hee8693. The expression of Tiam1 gene was highly related to the metastatic potential of colorectal carcinoma cells.CONCLUSION: Tiam1 gene may play an important role in invasion and metastasis of colorectal carcinoma and is a metastasis-related gene.

  15. Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Differentiation and Three-Dimensional Tissue Formation Attenuate Clonal Epigenetic Differences in Trichohyalin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrova, Anastasia; Capalbo, Antonio; Jacquet, Laureen; Hazelwood-Smith, Simon; Dafou, Dimitra; Hobbs, Carl; Arno, Matthew; Farcomeni, Alessio; Devito, Liani; Badraiq, Heba; Simpson, Michael; McGrath, John A; Di, Wei-Li; Cheng, Jeffrey B; Mauro, Theodora M; Ilic, Dusko

    2016-09-15

    The epigenetic background of pluripotent stem cells can influence transcriptional and functional behavior. Most of these data have been obtained in standard monolayer cell culture systems. In this study, we used exome sequencing, array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), miRNA array, DNA methylation array, three-dimensional (3D) tissue engineering, and immunostaining to conduct a comparative analysis of two induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines used in engineering of 3D human epidermal equivalent (HEE), which more closely approximates epidermis. Exome sequencing and array CGH suggested that their genome was stable following 3 months of feeder-free culture. While the miRNAome was also not affected, ≈7% of CpG sites were differently methylated between the two lines. Analysis of the epidermal differentiation complex, a region on chromosome 1 that contains multiple genes involved in skin barrier maturation (including trichohyalin, TCHH), found that in one of the iPSC clones (iKCL004), TCHH retained a DNA methylation signature characteristic of the original somatic cells, whereas in other iPSC line (iKCL011), the TCHH methylation signature matched that of the human embryonic stem cell line KCL034. The difference between the two iPSC clones in TCHH methylation did not have an obvious effect on its expression in 3D HEE, suggesting that differentiation and tissue formation may mitigate variations in the iPSC methylome.

  16. Umbilical Cord Blood: Counselling, Collection, and Banking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armson, B Anthony; Allan, David S; Casper, Robert F

    2015-09-01

    Objectif : Analyser les données probantes actuelles sur le counseling, le prélèvement et la mise en banque, en ce qui a trait au sang de cordon ombilical, et fournir des lignes directrices aux professionnels canadiens de la santé en ce qui concerne la sensibilisation des patientes, le consentement éclairé, les aspects techniques et les options pour la mise en banque de sang de cordon au Canada. Options : Prélèvement sélectif ou systématique et mise en banque du sang de cordon ombilical, en vue de futures greffes autologues (chez le patient même) ou allogéniques (lien de parenté ou non) de cellules souches visant la prise en charge de troubles malins et bénins chez les enfants et les adultes. Le sang de cordon peut être prélevé au moyen de techniques in utero ou ex utero. Issues : Counseling, prélèvement et mise en banque en ce qui a trait au sang de cordon ombilical, formation des professionnels de la santé, indications du prélèvement de sang de cordon, risques et avantages à court et à long terme, morbidité maternelle et périnatale, satisfaction parentale et coûts de santé. Résultats : La littérature publiée a été récupérée par l’intermédiaire de recherches menées dans Medline et PubMed à partir de septembre 2013, au moyen d’un vocabulaire contrôlé (p. ex. « fetal blood », « pregnancy », « transplantation », « ethics ») et de mots clés (p. ex. « umbilical cord blood », « banking », « collection », « pregnancy », « transplantation », « ethics », « public », « private ») MeSH appropriés. Les résultats ont été restreints aux analyses systématiques, aux études observationnelles et aux essais comparatifs randomisés / essais cliniques comparatifs. Aucune limite n’a été imposée en matière de date, mais les résultats ont été limités aux articles publiés en anglais ou en français. Les recherches ont été mises à jour de façon régulière et int

  17. Aspectos ecológicos da leishmaniose tegumentar americana: 2. ecótopo artificial como abrigo de Psychodopygus intermedius e observações sobre alimentação e reprodução sob influência de fatores físicos naturais

    OpenAIRE

    Gomes, Almério de Castro; Rabello,Ernesto Xavier; Santos, Jair Licio Ferreira; Galati, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi

    1982-01-01

    As observações levadas a cabo em um galinheiro experimental mostraram que Psychodopygus intermedius tem a capacidade de nele abrigar-se. Para se chegar a este resultado, a metodologia utilizada consistiu na coleta total diurna e exame do estado de alimentação e digestão sangüínea dos Ps. intermedius como parâmetro da sua maior ou menor permanência no ecótopo estudado. Além disso, observou-se paralelamente, os tempos para o repasto sangüíneo, digestão completa, oviposição, sobrevivência e cópu...

  18. Aspectos ecológicos da leishmaniose tegumentar americana: 2. ecótopo artificial como abrigo de Psychodopygus intermedius e observações sobre alimentação e reprodução sob influência de fatores físicos naturais Ecological aspects of American cutaneous leishmaniasis: 2. the artificial biotope as shelter for Psychodopygus intermedius and observations about feeding and reproduction under direct influence of natural physical factors

    OpenAIRE

    Almério de Castro Gomes; Ernesto Xavier Rabello; Jair Licio Ferreira Santos; Eunice Aparecida Bianchi Galati

    1982-01-01

    As observações levadas a cabo em um galinheiro experimental mostraram que Psychodopygus intermedius tem a capacidade de nele abrigar-se. Para se chegar a este resultado, a metodologia utilizada consistiu na coleta total diurna e exame do estado de alimentação e digestão sangüínea dos Ps. intermedius como parâmetro da sua maior ou menor permanência no ecótopo estudado. Além disso, observou-se paralelamente, os tempos para o repasto sangüíneo, digestão completa, oviposição, sobrevivência e cópu...

  19. “We have the right not to be ‘rescued’...”*: When Anti-Trafficking Programmes Undermine the Health and Well-Being of Sex Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aziza Ahmed

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights the impact of raid, rescue, and rehabilitation schemes on HIV programmes. It uses a case study of Veshya Anyay Mukti Parishad (VAMP, a sex workers collective in Sangli, India, to explore the impact of anti-trafficking efforts on HIV prevention programmes. The paper begins with an overview of the anti-trafficking movement emerging out of the United States. This U.S. based anti- trafficking movement works in partnership with domestic Indian anti- trafficking organisations to raid brothels to “rescue and rehabilitate” sex workers. Contrary to the purported goal of assisting women, the anti-trafficking projects that employ a raid, rescue, and rehabilitate model often undermine HIV projects at the local level, in turn causing harm to women and girls. We examine the experience of one peer educator in Sangli to demonstrate and highlight some of the negative consequences of these anti-trafficking efforts on HIV prevention programmes.

  20. AHP 39: BEING ANYTHING AND GOING ANYWHERE: AN A MDO TIBETAN AUTO-SONG-OGRAPHY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sangs rgyas bkra shis སངས་རྒྱས་བཀྲ་ཤིས།

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Sangs rgyas bkra shis describes singing in a pastoral community in Mtsho sngon Province, China. Performances at weddings, family gatherings, neighborhood gatherings, and on the grassland while herding are richly contextualized. Musical instruments, what it means to be a singer, the worries of singing publicly, the introduction of electricity and cell phones and their impact on singing, singing competitions, generational preference for song types, recent prohibitions on alcohol consumption, and access to social media are examined. Musical notation, oral and literary texts, and English translation are given. Sang rgyas bkra shis’ BEING ANYTHING AND GOING ANYWHERE is a rich, vivid, and immensely informative account of songs and singing in Amdo. Written from personal experience but with a rigorous coverage and excellent illustration of music, texts, and contexts, this book is the next best thing to actually visiting Gcan tsha County. A beautiful and invaluable resource.--Anna Morcom, University of London

  1. Komponisterne og musikken

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Anders

    2000-01-01

    Introduktion til Rued Langgaards “Tre sange for blandet kor a capella" (1916-18), Vagn Holmboes “Jeg ved en urt så dejlig og bold" (1943) og “Speravi in Domino", op. 61d (1953) samt Erik Haumanns “Blomster fra de kejserlige haver" (1995) og “Den dag kirsebærtræerne blomstrede" (1996).......Introduktion til Rued Langgaards “Tre sange for blandet kor a capella" (1916-18), Vagn Holmboes “Jeg ved en urt så dejlig og bold" (1943) og “Speravi in Domino", op. 61d (1953) samt Erik Haumanns “Blomster fra de kejserlige haver" (1995) og “Den dag kirsebærtræerne blomstrede" (1996)....

  2. « Ça alors ! Vous étiez à C…, vous ? »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karolina Resztak

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available La lecture de La Terre et le sang de M. Feraoun à travers ses brouillons rédactionnels permet de redécouvrir ce roman réputé classique francophone. Inspirée par la première partie du titre, nous examinons les modalités d’écriture d’Ighil-Nezman et de C… . En abordant les contradictions de cette écriture de l’espace particulièrement visibles dans les brouillons (lieu vs non-lieu, isolement vs ouverture, réalité vs irréalité nous nous concentrons sur le comment de la création de ces deux lieux-clés de La Terre et le sang.

  3. Socialstyrelsen. Viden til gavn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner

    2013-01-01

    Et redskab i det socialpædagogiske arbejde er at bruge musik og dans som en måde at aktivere minder og give et aktivt indhold i hverdagen for mennesker med demens. Det ses ofte, at sang er den sidste verbale udtryksform, der fastholdes, og dermed kan musik og sang være en måde at kommunikere med ...... reducere agiteret adfærd, angst, apati og depression samt øge kognitive og sociale færdigheder, samarbejdsvillighed og gensidighed, når den anvendes i tværfaglige sammenhænge i plejesituationer eller i forskellige former for musikaktiviteter eller musikterapeutiske behandling....

  4. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Un grand nombre de sociétés traditionnelles soumettent différentes catégories de tueurs – guerriers au retour de combat, vengeurs venant de s'acquitter d'une dette de sang, meurtriers encore couverts du sang de leurs victimes – à des rituels qui présentent quelque ressemblance avec ceux dont sont l'objet des personnes atteintes d'un mal mystérieux, envoyé par les dieux. Ces rituels ne se réduisent pas à quelques gestes furtifs et sont parfois d'une grande complexité. Ils demandent du temps, c...

  5. Absolute memory for musical pitch: evidence from the production of learned melodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levitin, D J

    1994-10-01

    Evidence for the absolute nature of long-term auditory memory is provided by analyzing the production of familiar melodies. Additionally, a two-component theory of absolute pitch is presented, in which this rare ability is conceived as consisting of a more common ability, pitch memory, and a separate, less common ability, pitch labeling. Forty-six subjects sang two different popular songs, and their productions were compared with the actual pitches used in recordings of those songs. Forty percent of the subjects sang the correct pitch on at least one trial; 12% of the subjects hit the correct pitch on both trials, and 44% came within two semitones of the correct pitch on both trials. The results show a convergence with previous studies on the stability of auditory imagery and latent absolute pitch ability; the results further suggest that individuals might possess representations of pitch that are more stable and accurate than previously recognized.

  6. Influência da transfusão sanguínea no desenvolvimento de infecção em pacientes com neoplasias malignas do sistema digestório Influence of blood transfusion on development of infection in patients with malignant neoplasms of the digestive system

    OpenAIRE

    Luiz Ronaldo Alberti; Leonardo de Souza Vasconcellos; Andy Petroianu

    2006-01-01

    RACIONAL: A anemia afeta mais de 90% dos pacientes com câncer e mais de 60% são submetidos a transfusões sangüíneas durante ou após o tratamento. OBJETIVO: Determinar a influência da transfusão sangüínea homógena como possível fator relacionado à infecção em paciente com neoplasia maligna do sistema digestório. MÉTODO: Avaliaram-se aleatoriamente prontuários de 400 pacientes com neoplasia maligna do sistema digestório, distribuídos em dois grupos: grupo 1 (n = 200) - pacientes transfundidos e...

  7. SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC STUDIES OF SANGUINARINE-Β-CYCLODEXTRIN COMPLEX FORMATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veaceslav Boldescu

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of this study was to investigate the influence of pH and the presence of hydrophilic polymer polyvinylpyrrolidone on the formation of sanguinarine-β-cyclodextrin (SANG-β-CD inclusion complex. Spectrophotometric studies of the SANG-β-CD systems in the presence and without 0.1 % PVP at the pH 5.0 did not show any evidence of the complex formation. However, the same systems showed several obvious evidences at the pH 8.0: the hyperchromic and the hypochromic effects and the presence of the isosbestic point in the region of 200 – 210 nm. The association constants calculated by three linear methods: Benesi-Hildebrand, Scott and Scatchard, were two times higher for the systems with addition of 0.1% PVP than for the systems without it.

  8. “We have the right not to be ‘rescued’...”*: When Anti-Trafficking Programmes Undermine the Health and Well-Being of Sex Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aziza Ahmed

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights the impact of raid, rescue, and rehabilitation schemes on HIV programmes. It uses a case study of Veshya Anyay Mukti Parishad (VAMP, a sex workers collective in Sangli, India, to explore the impact of anti-trafficking efforts on HIV prevention programmes. The paper begins with an overview of the anti-trafficking movement emerging out of the United States. This U.S. based anti-trafficking movement works in partnership with domestic Indian anti-trafficking organisations to raid brothels to “rescue and rehabilitate” sex workers. Contrary to the purported goal of assisting women, the anti-trafficking projects that employ a raid, rescue, and rehabilitate model often undermine HIV projects at the local level, in turn causing harm to women and girls. We examine the experience of one peer educator in Sangli to demonstrate and highlight some of the negative consequences of these anti-trafficking efforts on HIV prevention programmes.

  9. Physiologic Aspects of Porcine Hemorrhage. IV. Blood Gas and Acid-Base Status of the Conscious Animal Following 30 and 50 Percent Blood Loss.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-12-01

    we have reported details of the procurement, housing, surgical implantation of chronic catheters, postsurgical treatment, hemorrhage procedure, and...JONA. Recherches experimentales sur quelques alterations du sang apres la saign~e. Arch Anat Physiol 27:37-44, 1895 4. SPIRO, as cited by RAYMOND, B...Superintendent Commander Academy of Health Sciences US Army Institute of Dental Research ATTN: AHS-COM Washington DC 20012 Fort Sam Houston TX 78234

  10. Correlation of Survival Rates of Anopheles dirus A (Diptera: Culicidae) with Different Infection Densities of Plasmodium cynomolgi

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    rhesus, le premier indemne, le second infeste par Plasmodium cynomolgi. Vingt moustiques gorges de sang constituaient le groupe temoin non infest& et...60 autres moustiques infest& ont ete divises en trois groupes de 20 moustiques (groupes infest& 1, 2 et 3). On a evaI& le nombre moyen d’oocystes...port& par les moustiques en dissequant ceux du groupe 1 au septieme jour de I’etude; on a recherche la presence de sporozo’ites dans les glandes

  11. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 65, Number 2, August 1926

    Science.gov (United States)

    1926-08-01

    PROFESSIONAL !’OOTES ••You’re in the Army Now" By CAPTAINA. C. M. Azov , JR. COQ$l Anillny Rej. 187 So sang appropriately the hugles of the 62d Coasl Artillery...of the batteries to take part in a war film , several scenes of which were taken at the fort. These included night firing, and using the search. lights

  12. Primary Hemostatic Capacity of Whole Blood: A Comprehensive Analysis of Pathogen Reduction and Refrigeration Effects Over Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    blood components .6 Expansion of WB use would necessitate storage for more than 24 hours, and cold storage would be beneficial in inhibiting bacterial...blood or blood components containing ABO-incompatible plasma. Transfusion 2013;53(Suppl. 1):114S- 23S. 4. Gerhardt RT, Strandenes G, Cap AP, Rentas FJ...Klein HG, Soldan K, Barbara J, Slopecki A, Rob- inson A, Seyfried H. Bacterial contamination of blood components . Vox Sang 2000;78:59-67. 27. Murphy

  13. Walking a Tightrope: Vietnam’s Security Challenge in the South China Sea and Implications for U.S. PACOM

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-01

    recently, in June 2013, Vietnam’s President Truong Tan Sang visited Beijing to meet with General Secretary Xi Jinping . The topics of their...in July 2012, Vietnam was able to overcome considerable Chinese pressure on ASEAN states, particularly Cambodia (the Chair at that time), by...environmental issues. These issues are most pressing along Vietnam’s porous land borders with Cambodia and Laos. In recent years, these countries

  14. Leninskaja pravda. Iz vseh iskusstv dlja nas vazhneishim javljajetsja kino / Ilja Sundelevitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sundelevitsh, Ilja

    2001-01-01

    Kunstinäitustest Tallinnas: Tallinna XII graafikatriennaali näitused Rotermanni soolalaos (peanäitus), Kunstihoones (Johannes Saare kuraatorinäitus), Hansapanga galeriis (noortenäitus), Linnagaleriis (eelmise graafikatriennaali võitja Sang-Gon Chungi tööd), Adamson-Ericu muuseumis (eelmiste triennaalide võitjad) jm. Noorte metallikunstnike Andrus Rummu ja Kaarel Sireli töödest A-galeriis.

  15. Preliminary Observations from the 2014 Sand Dunes Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    2014 Sand Dunes Experiment by Christopher W. Miller, Ching-Sang Chiu, D. Benjamin Reeder, Ying-Jang Yang, Linus Chiu, and Chi-Fang Chen...COVERED (From-To) June 2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Preliminary Observations from the 2014 Sand Dunes Experiment 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER...position of the Department of Defense or the U.S. Government 14. ABSTRACT The Sand Dunes 2014 experiment was international US – Taiwan

  16. Les besoins en isoleucine, valine et leucine chez le porcelet entre 7 et 15 kg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Assadi Soumeh, Elham; van Milgen, Jaap; Sloth, Niels Morten

    2015-01-01

    croissance s’ils sont fournis en deçà du besoin. Des études de métaanalyse révèlent que peu de données de type dose‐réponse sont disponibles chez le porcelet pour l’Ile, notamment avec des aliments exempts de cellules de sang, et la Val (van Milgen et al., 2012, 2013). Par ailleurs, une revue de la...

  17. Comportamento da musculatura das arteríolas intra-hepáticas na forma hepatesplênica da esquistossomose mansônica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria do Socorro Almeida Barbosa

    1988-03-01

    Full Text Available A determinação da relação parede-lume das arteríolas intra-hepáticas, na esquistossomose mansônica (forma hepatesplênica, demonstra a existência de uma hipotrofia da camada muscular daqueles vasos. Esse achado sugere redução do fluxo sangüíneo arterial hepático nessa entidade.

  18. Music

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lech, Marcel Lysgaard

    2017-01-01

    Old Comedy was a musical experience of great variety. Accompanied by the piper, both choruses and actors sang frequently during the performance. Music in Old comedy reflects to some extend the importance of music in Athenian everyday life, but as Greek Comedy evolved and detached it self more...... and more from the everyday topics, music similarly lost part of its importance within the plays themselves....

  19. Final Environmental Impact Statement, Peacekeeper in Minuteman Silos, F.E. Warren AFB, Wyoming. Volume 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    Scottsbluff Chapter Richard Deyo Herman Noe Betty Jean Dower Garry Oliver G. J. Edwards Lee A. Otto Joel Engelhardt Nellie Red Owl Mayor Don Erickson ...Russell Dale Doremis Sam Sang William Edwards Anne Saunders Darren Erickson Beverly Schwieger J. Erickson Paul Schwieger Seath Fanir M. Shaw Mauriel Frank...Stout Alice M. Iverson Gary Thorson Lama Johnson John Turnr ’ Julia Judson Bob Unruh .r Mrs. Rodney Kirtbride Ed Usui . Edmond Levering Richard Vose

  20. Tallinna XIII graafikatriennaali grand prix' pälvis leedu graafik Egle Kuckaite

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Kolm võrdset preemiat: Sang-gon Chung Lõuna-Koreast, Krishs Salmanis Lätist ja Joanne Soroka Shotimaalt. Diplomid: Anonymous Boh ja Eve Kiiler Eestist, Pete Nevin Inglismaalt, Hanna Oinonen Soomest ja venetsueela-soome kunstnik Sandra Vina de Karila. Tallinna linna preemia: John Smith (Marko Mäetamm & Kaido Ole) Eestist. Eesti Kunstimuuseumi preemia: Markus Lampinen Soomest. Eesti Panga preemia: Leonards Laganovskis Lätist

  1. AcEST: DK950565 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available HQSKHVTHTENDTHRMLHNSNHVMVRNSGICQENALGQYFGLGSETRGTETRVPD 153 Query: 594 PYAIEVGQHD...DCALCQLFGLGSETRMTNTRLPDPYAIEVG----- 614 HW+ Y + + + N G+C +L Q FGLGSETR T T +PDP+ IE+G Sbjct: 94 HWLVVRYHQSKYSDRVHVRNSGIC...4 GVGRYHQSKHVTHTRNDGKRMLQSSNIVKVRNSGICQGNTLGQYFGIGSETRGTATDIPD 153 Query: 594 PYA...SKHVTHTRNDGQKMPENSDNIMVRNSGICQESINKQYFGLGSETRGTATDIPD 154 Query: 594 PYAIEVG------QHDDEEWLLNVHAIDT 662 P+ IE...SANG--------TTILGNDGVCPDCALCQLFGLGSETRMTNTRLPD 593 V Y +T +G ++ N G+C + Q FGLGSETR T T +PD Sbjct: 95 VVERYHQ

  2. "Kurja lillede" kuus ärakeelatud luuletust / Charles Baudelaire ; saatesõna: Marek Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Baudelaire, Charles

    2000-01-01

    Sisu: Kalliskivid / tlk. Ain Kaalep ; Lethe / tlk. Märt Väljataga ; Temale, kes on liiga rõõmus / tlk. Ain Kaalep ; Lesbos / tlk. Ilmar Laaban ; Äraneetud naised (Delphine ja Hyppolyte) / tlk. Ain Kaalep ; Vampiiri metamorfoosid / tlk. August Sang. Orig.: Les Bijoux ; Le Léthé ; A celle qui est trop gaie ; Lesbos ; Femmes damnées. Delphine et Hippolyte ; Les Métamorphoses du vampire

  3. REITERATION AS A BASE OF MEANING IN THE POEM „ZIDANJE SKADRA”

    OpenAIRE

    Љиљана Ж. Пешикан-Љуштановић

    2010-01-01

    The essay is concerned with reiterations in the poem Zidanje Skadra sang by Old Rasko, specifically with those regarding building, building sacrifice, family relations, motherhood, as a base of the poem’s meaning. It has been shown that the poem is composed on the principle of reiteration: from a line, through specific segments to the work as a whole. The author starts from the hypothesis that such analysis could help presenting the poem to students and help their understanding of traditional...

  4. ARSITEK ARSITEKTUR TRADISIONAL BUGIS

    OpenAIRE

    Taufik Ishak, Muhammad

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRAK Arsitektur hadisional sebagai produk budaya yang diwujudkan dalanr knluk fisik bangunan, merupakan hasil karya para "Panrita Eola/Sanro Eota dan Panre *ola" melalui proses perenungan dengan mengaitkan/menghubungkan antara alam semesta dan sang pencipta. Oleh sebab ilu arsitektur tradisional bersifat spirituat dan sekatigus keduniaan yang dibuat oleh manusia, baik sebagai suatu kelornpok di dalam masyarakat maupun sebagai indivklu di dalam masyarakat. Hasilnya sebagai...

  5. Songs for funerals and intercession. A collection of polyphony for the confraternity of St Barbara at the Corbie Abbey, Amiens, Bibliothèque Centrale Louis Aragon, MS 162 D. Edited by Peter Woetmann Christoffersen. Volume 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Peter Woetmann

    2015-01-01

    . Projektet er tilgængeligt på sitet http://amiens.pwch.dk/, hvor det findes i to forskellige formater. Online-udgaven rummer musikken udgivet som enkeltstående PDF-filer, suppleret med linkede sider med kommentarer til de enkelte sange, håndskriftsbeskrivelse, bibliografi, kilder mv., samt en lang indledende...... of the manuscript with the commentary, lists of sources and bibliography (262 sider)....

  6. Controlant les lesions als vasos sanguinis que provoca la diabetis

    OpenAIRE

    Rigla Cros, Mercedes

    2007-01-01

    La diabetis mellitus és una malaltia molt comuna. Un dels seus efectes és l'aparició de lesions a les parets dels vasos sanguinis. En aquest treball s'ha observat diferents components presents a la sang que indiquen el nivell de lesió per esbrinar quin efecte pot tenir sobre els malalts una alimentació rica en greixos.

  7. “We have the right not to be ‘rescued’...”*: When Anti-Trafficking Programmes Undermine the Health and Well-Being of Sex Workers

    OpenAIRE

    Aziza Ahmed; Meena Seshu

    2012-01-01

    This paper highlights the impact of raid, rescue, and rehabilitation schemes on HIV programmes. It uses a case study of Veshya Anyay Mukti Parishad (VAMP), a sex workers collective in Sangli, India, to explore the impact of anti-trafficking efforts on HIV prevention programmes. The paper begins with an overview of the anti-trafficking movement emerging out of the United States. This U.S. based anti- trafficking movement works in partnership with domestic Indian anti- trafficking organisations...

  8. Baldinia anauniensis gen. et sp. nov.: a 'new' dinoflagellate from Lake Tovel, N. Italy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Gert; Daugbjerg, Niels; Henriksen, Peter

    2007-01-01

    The green form of ‘Glenodinium sanguineum Marchesoni' sensu Baldi was investigated in detail by light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and by analysis of the SSU- and LSU rDNA genes. These data demonstrated it to be different from the red form of ‘G. sang...... dinoflagellate before. Numerous food vacuoles with cryptophyte remnants demonstrated that B. anauniensis was mixotrophic....

  9. Southeast Asia Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    manufactured im- ports have raked in superprofits for the US and spawned a native and permanent resident comprador big bourgeoisie. 28 This class is at...to see men and women with **««■■ slung on one shoulder, strumming guitars and singing carols in the winding mountain road. Civilians and guerrillas... guitar while another sang a revolution- ary song, Ka Sani is a former political detainee. She has been with the revolution since the First Quarter

  10. Editorial: Latest methods and advances in biotechnology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sang Yup; Jungbauer, Alois

    2014-01-01

    The latest "Biotech Methods and Advances" special issue of Biotechnology Journal continues the BTJ tradition of featuring the latest breakthroughs in biotechnology. The special issue is edited by our Editors-in-Chief, Prof. Sang Yup Lee and Prof. Alois Jungbauer and covers a wide array of topics in biotechnology, including the perennial favorite workhorses of the biotech industry, Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell and Escherichia coli. Copyright © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  11. "Kurja lillede" kuus ärakeelatud luuletust / Charles Baudelaire ; saatesõna: Marek Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Baudelaire, Charles

    2000-01-01

    Sisu: Kalliskivid / tlk. Ain Kaalep ; Lethe / tlk. Märt Väljataga ; Temale, kes on liiga rõõmus / tlk. Ain Kaalep ; Lesbos / tlk. Ilmar Laaban ; Äraneetud naised (Delphine ja Hyppolyte) / tlk. Ain Kaalep ; Vampiiri metamorfoosid / tlk. August Sang. Orig.: Les Bijoux ; Le Léthé ; A celle qui est trop gaie ; Lesbos ; Femmes damnées. Delphine et Hippolyte ; Les Métamorphoses du vampire

  12. Lila Downs e il riscatto delle lingue indigene

    OpenAIRE

    Laura Veglia

    2016-01-01

    In Mexico, indigenous’ culture vitality can be shawn by its presence in ambits far from academism, as music. We can consider at this purpose Lila Dawn’s musical production: during her career she sang both original songs and others that belong to mexican popular tradition, most of them in amerindian languages. In her work, multilingualism is always present: she writes in english and spanish; moreover, her albums contain songs in indigenous mexican languages, showing the power of preservation o...

  13. Timothy Snyder et ses critiques

    OpenAIRE

    Sémelin, Jacques

    2013-01-01

    Terres de sang, le livre de Timothy Snyder récemment traduit en français, a suscité de nombreuses réactions de la part des historiens depuis sa publication en 2010. Jacques Sémelin propose un panorama des critiques qui lui ont été adressées et des débats soulevés par cet ouvrage.

  14. Computational Study of Thrombus Formation and Clotting Factor Effects under Venous Flow Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-26

    each has its limitations. The recent emergence of systems biology has suggested a way to circumvent some of the lim- itations of traditional...when geometries for large blood vessels (e.g., coronary arteries) are involved (37). These considerations reinforced our decision to simplify the...bleeding. Vox Sang. 94:221–226. 11. Karlsson, M., L. Ternström,., A. Jeppsson. 2009. Prophylactic fibrin- ogen infusion reduces bleeding after coronary

  15. In-situ Manipulation and Imaging of Switchable Two-dimensional Electron Gas at Oxide Heterointerfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-30

    M. K. Mahanthappa, M. S. Rzchowski, and C. B. Eom, Applied Physics Letters , 109, 191604 (2016) 2. “Electro-mechanical response of top-gated LaAlO3...at a metal/oxide interface”. Kyungjoon Baek, Sangsu Park, Jucheol Park, Young -Min Kim, Sang Ho Oh, accepted for publication in Nanoscale (2016). DOI...electron liquid at oxide interfaces”, Kyung Song, Sangwoo Ryu, Hyungwoo Lee, Si- Young Choi, Tula R. Paudel, Christoph T. Koch, Mark S. Rzchowski

  16. Tallinna XIII graafikatriennaali grand prix' pälvis leedu graafik Egle Kuckaite

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Kolm võrdset preemiat: Sang-gon Chung Lõuna-Koreast, Krishs Salmanis Lätist ja Joanne Soroka Shotimaalt. Diplomid: Anonymous Boh ja Eve Kiiler Eestist, Pete Nevin Inglismaalt, Hanna Oinonen Soomest ja venetsueela-soome kunstnik Sandra Vina de Karila. Tallinna linna preemia: John Smith (Marko Mäetamm & Kaido Ole) Eestist. Eesti Kunstimuuseumi preemia: Markus Lampinen Soomest. Eesti Panga preemia: Leonards Laganovskis Lätist

  17. Métodos específicos para disminuir la incidencia de caídas en una residencia de ancianos

    OpenAIRE

    Casajús Sola, Helena

    2012-01-01

    Estudio de todas las caídas ocurridas en la residencia de Ancianos de Sangüesa “San Vicente de Paul” en el periodo de los años 2009, 2010 y 2011. Evaluación del riesgo de caídas que tiene cada uno de los residentes según la escala Downton. Realización de un plan de prevención.

  18. DUTCH R&B

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>I have forgotten who had said: "Music has no boundary." In the Netherlands, we met with the four boys of the bandRe-Play by accident. As we talked about the "Tornado," they,who were grown up in the Netherlands, sang it in the Dutchlanguage. We felt very surprised.It was the year of 1994 when four guys from Rotterdam,the Netherlands, decided to take part in a Dutch singing contest,

  19. Official Zhang Flower

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Tucked away at the highest elevation of any city in the world, Lhasa is filled with flowers bathed in warm sunlight. Whether in Barkor Street or in snaking alleys, one finds flowers in full bloom. They include the famous Gal-sang flower, azaleas, to be found in the mountains, Rho-diola which is used as a medicinal herb, and a kind of flower known as High Commissioner Zhang.

  20. Reviving Old Memories of Hindi-Chini Phai Phai Days

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>At the end of 2008,while browsing the Intemet,I was attracted by a piece of news:At a party in celebration of the successful conclusion of a China-India anti-terrorism military exercise,the Indian soldiers sang Three Main Rules of Discipline and Eight Points of Attention—a popular Chinese Red Army song,while the

  1. Biomarkers in the Detection of Prostate Cancer in African Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    survival in non-small cell lung cancer, Clin Cancer Res 9 (2003), 729– 737. [152] M.H. Ali , S.A. Schlidt, N.S. Chandel, K.L. Hynes, P.A. Schu- macker and...188] M. Cronin , C. Sangli, M.-L. Liu, M. Pho, D. Dutta, A. Nguyen, J. Jeong, J. Wu, K.C. Lagone and D. Watson, An- alytical validation for the

  2. Avaliação cronológica da variação no volume globular sanguíneo de bovinos leiteiros Cronological evaluation of variation in packed cell volume on dairy cattle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilmar Sachetin Marçal

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Os autores avaliaram a variação no volume globular sangüíneo de 321 bovinos da raça Holandês preta e branca, sadios e criados em granjas leiteiras no Estado de São Paulo. Todos os animais trabalhados na presente pesquisa eram sadios, não reagentes ao vírus da Leucose Bovina, livres de hemoparasitas, brucelose e tuberculose. O volume globular sangüíneo foi efetuado através do método do hematócrito com tubos capilares. Os resultados mostram haver influência da idade sobre o volume globular sangüíneo, com valores médios encontrados de 30,12 ± 2,72%.The packet cell volume was evaluated by the authors in 321 healthy female Holstein cattle raised at Campinas dairy region. São Paulo State. All the animais used in this assay were healthy and free of Leucosis, Tuberculosis, Brucellosis and blood parasites. The packed cell volume has been studied by method of hematocrit with capilary tubos. The results showed an influence of age on packed cell volume with average reference values of 30.12 ± 2.72%.

  3. The association between singing and/or playing a musical instrument and cognitive functions in older adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansens, D; Deeg, D J H; Comijs, H C

    2017-05-19

    Cognitive decline happens to everyone when aging, but to some more than others. Studies with children, adults, and professional musicians suggest that making music could be associated with better cognitive functioning. In older adults however, this association is less well investigated, which is therefore the aim of this study. In this cross-sectional study data from 1101 participants aged 64 and older from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam were used. Multivariable linear regression analyses were performed to test the association between making music and cognitive functioning and time spent making music and cognitive functioning. ANCOVA analyses were performed to differentiate between participants who made no music, only sang, only played an instrument or both sang and played an instrument in terms of cognitive functioning. Making music was significantly positively associated with letter fluency, learning and attention/short-term memory. Time spent making music yielded no significant results. The ANCOVA analyses showed higher scores for participants who only played an instrument compared to participants who made no music on learning, working memory and processing speed. For processing speed the instrument only group also had a higher score than participants who only sang. Making music at least once every two weeks and especially playing a musical instrument, is associated with better attention, episodic memory and executive functions. The results suggest that making music might be a potential protective factor for cognitive decline; however, to support this notion a longitudinal study design is needed.

  4. Improvement of gougerotin and nikkomycin production by engineering their biosynthetic gene clusters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Deyao; Zhu, Yu; Wei, Junhong; Tian, Yuqing; Niu, Guoqing; Tan, Huarong

    2013-07-01

    Nikkomycins and gougerotin are peptidyl nucleoside antibiotics with broad biological activities. The nikkomycin biosynthetic gene cluster comprises one pathway-specific regulatory gene (sanG) and 21 structural genes, whereas the gene cluster for gougerotin biosynthesis includes one putative regulatory gene, one major facilitator superfamily transporter gene, and 13 structural genes. In the present study, we introduced sanG driven by six different promoters into Streptomyces ansochromogenes TH322. Nikkomycin production was increased significantly with the highest increase in engineered strain harboring hrdB promoter-driven sanG. In the meantime, we replaced the native promoter of key structural genes in the gougerotin (gou) gene cluster with the hrdB promoters. The heterologous producer Streptomyces coelicolor M1146 harboring the modified gene cluster produced gougerotin up to 10-fold more than strains carrying the unmodified cluster. Therefore, genetic manipulations of genes involved in antibiotics biosynthesis with the constitutive hrdB promoter present a robust, easy-to-use system generally useful for the improvement of antibiotics production in Streptomyces.

  5. Inheritance of Gelatinization Temperature and Gel Consistency in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiani; Sh.; Ranjbar, G. A.; Kazemitabar, S. K.; Jelodar, N. B.; Nowrozi, M.; Bagheri, N.

    Gelatinization Temperature (GT) and Gel Consistency (GC) are important traits in determination of rice quality. In present study four rice cultivars namely Sang-e-Tarrom, Gerdeh, IR229 and IRRI2 have been utilized in hybridization as parents. In order to know about genetic characteristics and inheritance of the related traits, direct and reciprocal crosses have been conducted between parents Sang-e-Tarrom and Gerdeh and between IR229 and IRRI2. Inheritance of related traits have been studied in direct and reciprocal hybridizations for hard, intermediate and soft GC, low and high GT. For these evaluations P1, P2, F1, F2, BC1, BC2 generations and their reciprocal crosses have been utilized in present study. Results showed that gene hard GC dominates on intermediate and soft and also intermediate GT dominates on low. From direct and reciprocal crosses Gerdeh x Sang-e-Tarrom and IR229 x IRRI2 have been illustrated that GC and GT expressions are under monogenic control of one major gene corresponding with several modifier genes. Gene dosage effects play a tremendously important and effective role in segregation production among traits. Regarding to the obtained results selections can effectively be performed in later segregation generations for GC and in early generations for GT.

  6. Effect of an extract of Artemisia vulgaris L. (Mugwort on the in vitro labeling of red blood cells and plasma proteins with technetium-99m

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Amorim Terra

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of an extract of the Artemisia vulgaris L. (mugwort on the labeling of blood constituents with technetium-99m (99mTc. Blood samples from Wistar rats were incubated with a mugwort extract and the radiolabeling of blood constituents was carried out. Plasma and blood cells were separated by centrifugation. Aliquots of plasma and blood cells were also precipitated with trichloroacetic acid and centrifuged to isolate soluble and insoluble fractions of plasma and blood cells. Radioactivity in each fraction was counted and the percentages of radioactivity (%ATI was calculated. Mugwort extract decreased significantly (pO objetivo desse trabalho foi avaliar o efeito da Artemisia vulgaris L.(artemisa na marcação dos constituintes sangüíneos com tecnécio-99m (99mTc. Amostras de sangue obtidas de ratos Wistar foram incubadas com um extrato de artemisa e o processo de radiomarcação dos constituintes sangüíneos foi realizado. Plasma e células sangüíneas foram isoladas por centrifugação. Alíquotas de plasma e células sangüíneas foram também precipitadas com ácido tricloroacético para isolamento de frações solúvel e insolúvel. A radiatividade em cada fração foi contada e as porcentagens de radioatividade (%ATI foram calculadas. O extrato de artemisa diminuiu significantemente (p<0,05 a %ATI nas células sanguíneas e nas proteínas celulares. A análise dos resultados indicou que o extrato de artemisa apresentaria substâncias que interferir no transporte de íons estanoso e/ou pertecnetato através da membrana do eritrócito alterando a marcação das células sangúineas com 99mTc.

  7. Hemangioendotelioma Epitelioide Pulmonar: reporte de un caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Monterroso-Azofeifa

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available En 1983 se reportaron 20 enfermos con un tumor pulmonar raro que fue entonces llamado IVBAT, por sus siglas en inglés (tumor intravascular bronquio-alveolar. Los pacientes se presentaron con numerosos nódulos pulmonares, de crecimiento lento, cuyos hallazgos histológicos variaban desde una apariencia benigna granulomatosa hasta una claramente maligna sarcomatosa. Eventualmente se demostró que el tumor era de origen vascular y se le llamó hemangioendotelioma epiteliode (HEE. Poco después se describió en otras regiones anatómicas. Reportamos aquí el primer caso costarricense de esta estirpe histológica y de presentación pulmonar. Un hombre de 42 años de edad, nos fue referido en fase final con metástasis generalizadas, aunque en buenas condiciones generales. Se le practicó una biopsia pulmonar para definir la histología, pero falleció poco tiempo después sin responder a la terapia instituida. Dieciséis años antes se le habían descubierto nódulos pulmonares pequeños bilaterales y mediante una biopsia abierta se le hizo el diagnostico de HEE. Como el curso de su enfermedad fue considerado estable durante ese tiempo había sido seguido clínicamente. Se comparó el material de la biopsia inicial con el de la reciente, encontrándose mucho mayor celularidad y atipia en la última. Se efectuaron análisis inmunohistoquímicos con un panel de anticuerpos, que permitió establecer la naturaleza vascular del tumor. El HEE es un tumor muy raro, de crecimiento lento y de bajo potencial metastásico, a pesar de ser de origen vascular. Llama la atención el fenómeno de dependencia hormonal de este tumor, que se plantea en la literatura, y que sugiere otras avenidas terapéuticas.

  8. Hydrogen Embrittlement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woods, Stephen; Lee, Jonathan A.

    2016-01-01

    Hydrogen embrittlement (HE) is a process resulting in a decrease in the fracture toughness or ductility of a metal due to the presence of atomic hydrogen. In addition to pure hydrogen gas as a direct source for the absorption of atomic hydrogen, the damaging effect can manifest itself from other hydrogen-containing gas species such as hydrogen sulfide (H2S), hydrogen chloride (HCl), and hydrogen bromide (HBr) environments. It has been known that H2S environment may result in a much more severe condition of embrittlement than pure hydrogen gas (H2) for certain types of alloys at similar conditions of stress and gas pressure. The reduction of fracture loads can occur at levels well below the yield strength of the material. Hydrogen embrittlement is usually manifest in terms of singular sharp cracks, in contrast to the extensive branching observed for stress corrosion cracking. The initial crack openings and the local deformation associated with crack propagation may be so small that they are difficult to detect except in special nondestructive examinations. Cracks due to HE can grow rapidly with little macroscopic evidence of mechanical deformation in materials that are normally quite ductile. This Technical Memorandum presents a comprehensive review of experimental data for the effects of gaseous Hydrogen Environment Embrittlement (HEE) for several types of metallic materials. Common material screening methods are used to rate the hydrogen degradation of mechanical properties that occur while the material is under an applied stress and exposed to gaseous hydrogen as compared to air or helium, under slow strain rates (SSR) testing. Due to the simplicity and accelerated nature of these tests, the results expressed in terms of HEE index are not intended to necessarily represent true hydrogen service environment for long-term exposure, but rather to provide a practical approach for material screening, which is a useful concept to qualitatively evaluate the severity of

  9. PENGARUH SUSUNAN TUGAS, KEKUASAAN PEMIMPIN DAN HUBUNGAN PEMIMPIN-ANGGOTA TERHADAP KINERJA KARYAWAN (Studi Pada PT. Hyang Sri (Persero di Kabupaten Nganjuk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achmad - Sunarto

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK   Penelitian ini dilaksanakan untuk mengetahui pengaruh gaya kepemimpinan dengan situasi yang menyenangkan maupun tidak menyenangkan pemimpin jika ketiga dimensi di atas dimiliki seorang pemimpin yang akan meningkatkan kerja karyawan. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada PT. Sang Hyang Seri (Persero di Kabupaten Nganjuk, yang terletak di Desa Tempel Wetan Kec. Loceret Kab. Nganjuk Propinsi Jawa Timur, yang dimulai bulan september sampai dengan nopember 2001. Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh karyawan PT. Sang Hyang Seri (Persero di Kabupaten Nganjuk yang berjumlah 53 orang. Pengambilan sampel dalam penelitian ini menggunakan Strata Random Sampling dimana semua karyawan dapat mewakili sebagai responden yang diambil secara proporsional sebanyak 34,6% yaitu 37 orang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa karyawan PT. Sang Hyang Seri (Persero bahwa pengarahan dari pemimpin dalam penyelesaian tugas sebanyak 54,1% karyawan yang menyatakan jarang ada pengarahan, 40,5% karyawan yang menyatakan tidak pernah ada pengarahan dan 2,7% karyawan menyatakan selalu ada pengarahan. Adapun penggunaan kekuasaan posisi pemimpin untuk memberikan instruksi/perintah, penghargaan, sangsi/hukuman yang dijatuhkan terhadap kesalahan karyawan yang menyatakan selalu sebanyak 37,8% karyawan menyatakan sering, 35,1% karyawan menyatakan jarang, 21,6% karyawan menyatakan jarang diperlukan ada penilaian dan 5,4% karyawan menyatakan tidak pernah ada penilaian. Untuk tingkat hubungan pemimpin-anggota mengenai kepercayaan pemimpin-anggota terhadap pemimpin, dukungan pemimpin, kerjasama, suasana kerja adalah sebanyak 40,5% karyawan menyatakan sering, 29,7% karyawan menyatakan jarang, 24% karyawan menyatakan tidak pernah percaya dan 5,4% karyawan menyatakan jarang percaya terhadap dukungan sebanyak 43,2% karyawan menyatakan selalu mendukung, 35,1% karyawan menyatakan sering, 13,5% karyawan menyatakan jarang dan 2,7% karyawan menyatakan tidak pernah kerjasama. Adapun untuk

  10. Reference: 660 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available he cauliflower mosaic virus 35S enhancer normally responded to vernalization and gibberellic acid treatments...utant, FT was significantly repressed, but other flowering genes were unaffected. Notably, miR172 abundance ...is regulated by photoperiod via GI-mediated miRNA processing. Accordingly, miR172-overproducing plants exhib...it early flowering under both long days and short days, even in the absence of functional CO, indicating tha...CONSTANS in Arabidopsis. 9 2736-48 17890372 2007 Sep The Plant cell Chua Nam-Hai|Jung Jae-Hoon|Park Chung-Mo|Reyes Jose Luis|Seo Pil Joon|Seo Yeon-Hee|Yun Ju

  11. International Cooperation of the Cosmic Infrared Background Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, D.-H.; Nam, U.-W.; Lee, S.; Jin, H.; Yuk, I.-S.; Kim, K.-H.; Pak, S.

    2006-12-01

    A Korean team (Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Korea Basic Science Institute, and Kyung Hee University) takes part in an international cooperation project called CIBER (Cosmic Infrared Background ExpeRiment), which has begun with Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in USA and Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS) in Japan. CIBER is a rocket-borne instrument, of which the scientific goal is to measure the cosmic near-infrared extra-galactic background to search for signatures of primordial galaxy formation. CIBER consists of a wide-field two-color camera, a low-resolution absolute spectrometer, and a high-resolution narrow-band imaging spectrometer. The Korean team is in charge of the ground support electronics and manufacturing of optical parts of the narrow-band spectrometer, which will provide excellent opportunities for science and technology to Korean infrared groups.

  12. Dento-maxillofacial abnormalities caused by radiotherapy and chemotherapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Cheol Woo; Hwang, Eui Hwang; Lee, Sang Rae [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Kyunghee University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-12-15

    A case of dento-maxillofacial abnormality involving a 10-year-old male patient with a history of esthesioneuroblastoma is presented. This patient had been treated with 54 Gy {sup 60}Co-gamma-radiation to the nasal cavity for 6 weeks and 6 cycles of combination chemotherapy of Cyclophosphamide, Cisplatin, Adriamycin, VM-26 (Teniposide), and DTIC (Dacarbazine) when he was 16 months of age. Five years after cessation of cancer therapy, he was disease free and transferred for extensive dental care to Kyung Hee University Dental Hospital. A clinical and radiologic follow-up over last 4 years showed root stunting, premature closure of the root apices, microdontia, developmental arrest, small crowns, and partial anodontia. Maxillofacial morphology evaluated by cephalometric analysis showed deficiency of maxillary development.

  13. Reference Cap of Poly Vinyl Alcohol for Quantitative Elastography of the Human Uterine Cervix

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leonhard, Anne Katrine; Sandager, Puk; Rasmussen, Christina Kjærgaard

    CONTROL ID: 2522419 ABSTRACT FINAL ID: EP22.04 TITLE: Reference Cap of Poly Vinyl Alcohol for Quantitative Elastography of the Human Uterine Cervix AUTHORS (FIRST NAME, LAST NAME): Anne Katrine Leonhard1, Puk Sandager1, Christina K. Rasmussen1, Hee Lene1, Niels Uldbjerg1 INSTITUTIONS (ALL): 1....... Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus N, Denmark. ABSTRACT BODY: Objectives: To develop a reference cap for the ultrasound probe that allows for quantitative elastography of the cervical uterine tissue with preservation of a good ultrasonic image. Further to perform...... inter-intra observer evaluations. Methods: Two types of reference caps were developed. Cap 1 made of Poly Vinyl Alcohol [PVA] with the Young’s modulus [E] of 0.09 N/mm2. Cap 2 made of silicone and oil with the Young’s modulus of 0.4 N/mm2. Elastography was conducted with the caps applied to a 2D...

  14. Retraction Statement: Unrecognized High Brachial Artery Bifurcation is Associated with Higher Rate of Dialysis Access by Dr. Lee Kirksey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-01

    The above article from Seminars in Dialysis, published online on 4 September 2011 in Wiley Online Library (http://wileyonlinelibrary.com) has been retracted by agreement among the journal's Editor-in-Chief, Richard A. Sherman MD, the journal's North American editor of ASDIN content at the time, Arif Asif MD, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The decision to retract was agreed upon following notification by Dr. HeeJun Yang, the author of an article published in 2008, "Variations of the Superficial Brachial Artery in Korean Cadavers." Figure 1 (A & B) and Figure 2 (A-C) in the Kirksey article (1), which originally appeared in the 2008 article by Dr. Yang, were used without authorization or permission from Dr. Yang or the article's publisher. Reference Kirksey L: Unrecognized high brachial artery bifurcation is associated with higher rate of dialysis access. Semin Dial 24(6):698-702, 2011. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-139X.2011.00923.x.

  15. Organization of Military Aeronautics, 1907-1935. Congressional and War Department Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    1944-12-01

    ico:nore th~ issue nQ longer. Cn 1$ Jv.u- U:l:r’.l 1’)26 lLepre5":11t,~tive John’ : orin ~Fe..) sa.bmilited H. 1.1.. 7916, culled th~ :.ir bill, \\·hl.ch...see Sec. of ar to ~:~prc::’GJt;..t.lvc John :: orin , 10 reb. 1926, in ibid., 496-99. 59. Ccn;;. Hee., 69 C’.),l,_., 1 ...O::’G., ’)731) (10 b.:b. 1926...George S. Simonds, Jama8 H. Doolittle, Edgar S. Gorrell, Brig. Gen• .1. 1’:. Gulick, ll:aj. Gen. B. D. Foulois, Clarence D. Chamberlain, and Maj. Albert

  16. Correction of physical education program for technical higher educational establishment girl-students on the base of their health indicators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kolumbet A.N.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to illustrate opportunities of physical education in health strengthening of technical HEE girl-students through correction of their biological age components. Material: 127 girl-students participated in the research. Results : the authors’ program of biological age correction permitted to increase breathing pauses, hand strength, time of static balance and reduce blood pressure. Knowledge of biological age and mechanisms of too early ageing facilitates practicing healthy life style and formation of body-motor conditions. We offered trainings of biological age correction’ methodic, oriented on prophylaxis of organism’s ageing, reduction of biological age and prolongation girl-students’ active life. Conclusions: specially determined biological age of an individual can be used as integral characteristic of his/her health condition.

  17. Clinical applications of therapeutic phlebotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim KH

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Kyung Hee Kim,1 Ki Young Oh,2 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon, 2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan, South Korea Abstract: Phlebotomy is the removal of blood from the body, and therapeutic phlebotomy is the preferred treatment for blood disorders in which the removal of red blood cells or serum iron is the most efficient method for managing the symptoms and complications. Therapeutic phlebotomy is currently indicated for the treatment of hemochromatosis, polycythemia vera, porphyria cutanea tarda, sickle cell disease, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease with hyperferritinemia. This review discusses therapeutic phlebotomy and the related disorders and also offers guidelines for establishing a therapeutic phlebotomy program. Keywords: therapeutic phlebotomy, hemochromatosis, polycythemia vera, porphyria cutanea tarda, sickle cell disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

  18. Dealing with Multistate Reporting Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-07-01

    Source Code: F. Form Code: O. Origin: ~Systes: M141 H. TRI Constituent: I. CAS numbers: .1 2. ". A.. aL geerate d S.uantity generated C.DENSI wa hee...DOXZs - NOT REM. NOT APPLICABL320 P Z A HAULER PA 0.D. NO. RECEZVING SITE AMOUNT COD AI NO. EPA 1.0. NO. IN POUNDSI 1iCR191E 01 324 DESCRIPTION: T18 PD...instuctionas on the back of this page before completing tis form. Siloe A. VPA 19h.SIll .ýuW1I9vSww L %&me el off-*" .ww*UJw or61r IC ,O F D V I z

  19. Interaction between EphrinB1 and CNK1 Found to Play Role in Tumor Progression | Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    By Nancy Parrish, Staff Writer The family of proteins known as ephrins plays a critical role in a variety of biological processes. In a recent article in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, Hee Jun Cho, Ph.D., and colleagues report on the interaction between proteins CNK1 and ephrinB1 that promotes cell movement. Their findings may have an important implication in developing new therapeutics for reducing metastases in certain cancers. “Eph and ephrin signaling has become an area of intense interest due to the influence these molecules exert on the control of cell adhesion and cell movement,” Cho said. “This signaling affects the formation of tissues during development and has been shown to play an instructive role in angiogenesis, as well as tumor cell invasion.”

  20. Research in theoretical and elementary particle physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mitselmakher, G. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)

    1996-12-01

    In 1995 the University of Florida started a major expansion of the High Energy Experimental Physics group (HEE) with the goal of adding four new faculty level positions to the group in two years. This proposal covers the second year of operation of the new group and gives a projection of the planned research program for the next five years, when the group expects their activities to be broader and well defined. The expansion of the HEE group started in the Fall of 1995 when Guenakh Mitselmakher was hired from Fermilab as a Full Professor. A search was then performed for two junior faculty positions. The first being a Research Scientist/Scholar position which is supported for 9 months by the University on a faculty line at the same level as Assistant Professor but without the teaching duties. The second position is that of an Assistant Professor. The search has been successfully completed and Jacobo Konigsberg from Harvard University has accepted the position of Research Scientist and Andrey Korytov from MIT has accepted the position of Assistant Professor. They will join the group in August 1996. The physics program for the new group is focused on hadron collider physics. G. Mitselmakher has been leading the CMS endcap muon project since 1994. A Korytov is the coordinator of the endcap muon chamber effort for CMS and a member of the CDF collaboration and J. Konigsberg is a member of CDF where he has participated in various physics analyses and has been coordinator of the gas calorimetry group. The group at the U. of Florida has recently been accepted as an official collaborating institution on CDF. They have been assigned the responsibility of determining the collider beam luminosity at CDF and they will also be an active participant in the design and operation of the muon detectors for the intermediate rapidity region. In addition they expect to continue their strong participation in the present and future physics analysis of the CDF data.

  1. Borehole deviation and correction factor data for selected wells in the eastern Snake River Plain aquifer at and near the Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twining, Brian V.

    2016-11-29

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy, has maintained a water-level monitoring program at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) since 1949. The purpose of the program is to systematically measure and report water-level data to assess the eastern Snake River Plain aquifer and long term changes in groundwater recharge, discharge, movement, and storage. Water-level data are commonly used to generate potentiometric maps and used to infer increases and (or) decreases in the regional groundwater system. Well deviation is one component of water-level data that is often overlooked and is the result of the well construction and the well not being plumb. Depending on measured slant angle, where well deviation generally increases linearly with increasing slant angle, well deviation can suggest artificial anomalies in the water table. To remove the effects of well deviation, the USGS INL Project Office applies a correction factor to water-level data when a well deviation survey indicates a change in the reference elevation of greater than or equal to 0.2 ft.Borehole well deviation survey data were considered for 177 wells completed within the eastern Snake River Plain aquifer, but not all wells had deviation survey data available. As of 2016, USGS INL Project Office database includes: 57 wells with gyroscopic survey data; 100 wells with magnetic deviation survey data; 11 wells with erroneous gyroscopic data that were excluded; and, 68 wells with no deviation survey data available. Of the 57 wells with gyroscopic deviation surveys, correction factors for 16 wells ranged from 0.20 to 6.07 ft and inclination angles (SANG) ranged from 1.6 to 16.0 degrees. Of the 100 wells with magnetic deviation surveys, a correction factor for 21 wells ranged from 0.20 to 5.78 ft and SANG ranged from 1.0 to 13.8 degrees, not including the wells that did not meet the correction factor criteria of greater than or equal to 0.20 ft.Forty-seven wells had

  2. Genetic of the ABO blood system and its link with the immune system A genética do sistema ABO e sua relação com o sistema imune

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz C. de Mattos

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available In the book "Eat Right For Your Type" the author Peter J. D'Adamo writes that the O blood type was the first blood type to appear in humans and affirms that the blood groups are the key to the immune system. Some recent phylogenetic network studies in humans and non-human primates implies that the A gene represents an ancient form of the ABO genes. Relationships between blood groups and infectious and noninfectious diseases and immunodeficiency abnormalities have also been reported in the literature. As D'Adamo's propositions seem to be in opposition with the current knowledge, we present in this paper some comments about the genetics and the evolution of the ABO blood group genes and some links between this blood system and the functioning of the immune system.Peter J. D'Adamo, autor do livro "Eat Right For Your Type", escreve que o grupo O representa o primeiro tipo sangüíneo que surgiu nos humanos e também afirma que os grupos sangüíneos constituem as bases do sistema imune. Recentes estudos filogenéticos realizados em primatas humanos e não humanos estabeleceram que o gene A representa a forma ancestral dos genes que ocupam o locus ABO. Associações entre os grupos sangüíneos ABO, doenças infecciosas, não infecciosas e imunodeficiências também foram relatadas. Diante das proposições do autor, as quais se opõem às informações resultantes de recentes estudos moleculares e filogenéticos, nossa intenção é apresentar algumas reflexões sobre a genética e a evolução dos genes do sistema ABO e as conexões deste sistema com o sistema imune.

  3. Effect of hydration and vocal rest on the vocal fatigue in amateur karaoke singers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yiu, Edwin M L; Chan, Rainy M M

    2003-06-01

    Karaoke singing is a very popular entertainment among young people in Asia. It is a leisure singing activity with the singer's voice amplified with special acoustic effects in the backdrop of music. Music video and song captions are shown on television screen to remind the singers during singing. It is not uncommon to find participants singing continuously for four to five hours each time. As most of the karaoke singers have no formal training in singing, these amateur singers are more vulnerable to developing voice problems under these intensive singing activities. This study reports the performance of 20 young amateur singers (10 males and 10 females, aged between 20-25 years) on a series of phonatory function tasks carried out during continuous karaoke singing. Half of the singers were given water to drink and short duration of vocal rests at regular intervals during singing and the other half sang continuously without taking any water or rest. The subjects who were given hydration and vocal rests sang significantly longer than those who did not take any water or rest. The voice quality, as measured by perceptual and acoustic measures, and vocal function, as measured by phonetogram, did not show any significant changes during singing in the subjects who were given water and rest during the singing. However, subjects who sang continuously without drinking water and taking rests showed significant changes in the jitter measure and the highest pitch they could produce during singing. These results suggest that hydration and vocal rests are useful strategies to preserve voice function and quality during karaoke singing. This information is useful educational information for karaoke singers.

  4. Female song and vocal interactions with males in a Neotropical wren

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle L Hall

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bird song is thought to function primarily in same-sex competition, mate attraction, and reproductive stimulation of a partner. However, these conclusions are based largely on studies of the song of male birds in north-temperate species. We investigate female song in a Neotropical wren, Thryophilus pleurostictus, using observations and experiments to test the function of female song. Female banded wrens sang much less often than males, their songs were shorter, and their repertoire of song types was smaller. Females did not seem to sing for same-sex competition for resources or mates: female song rate did not increase in response to simulated intrusion, and females sang in response to less than one-third of playbacks simulating territorial intrusion by either unpaired or paired females. Territorial defense is important for both survival and reproduction in species that occupy all-purpose territories year-round, but female involvement in territorial defense was limited. Females were more likely to approach simulated intruders when their partner approached more closely, and were closer to their partner during playback simulating a pair of intruders, perhaps contributing to defense jointly with their partner. Females did not appear to use song to attract males for mating: only 25% of females sang in response to playback simulating an unpaired male during the nest-building period, and they were less likely to sing shortly before laying when they were more likely to be fertile. Female song in banded wrens seemed to be used primarily for communicating with their breeding partner: female songs overlapped or began within one second of a song by their partner more often than expected by chance, and male vocal behavior changed in response to song by their partner. However, the low rate of female song in banded wrens suggests this function does not select for song elaboration, consistent with the view that same-sex competition is the main driver of female

  5. Contribution to research on the metabolism of fission product. Studies on the physico-chemical state and the metabolic fate of radio-cerium solution; Contribution a l'etude du metabolisme des produits de fission. Recherches sur l'etat physico-chimique et le devenir metabolique des solutions de radiocerium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aeberhardt, A. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1961-07-01

    This paper describes a study of the physico-chemical state of radio-cerium in dilute solutions on the tracer scale, as a function of the pH of the solution. The way in which this radioelement is transported in the blood is studied in vitro and in vivo, with reference to the ionic or colloidal state of the radio-cerium used. The distribution of cerium amongst the various components of the blood is studied by a new method of blood fractionation and by paper electrophoresis. Evidence of a cerium globulin connection is shown in the case of ionic cerium. A study of the initial distribution of radio-cerium in rats, after intravenous administration of ionic or colloidal solutions, shows considerable differences according to the physico-chemical state of the cerium injected. (author) [French] Ce travail presente une etude de l'etat physico-chimique du radiocerium en solutions diluees a l'echelle des indicateurs, en fonction du pH de la solution. En fonction de l'etat ionique ou colloidal du radiocerium utilise, le mode de transport de ce radioelement dans le sang est etudie in vitro et in vivo. La distribution du cerium entre les differents constituants du sang est etudiee par une methode nouvelle de fractionnement du sang et par electrophorese sur papier. L'existence d'une liaison cerium-globuline est mise en evidence dans le cas du cerium ionique. L'etude de la distribution initiale du radiocerium, chez le rat apres administration par voie veineuse de solutions ionique ou colloidale, montre des differences importantes en fonction de l'etat physico-chimique du cerium injecte. (auteur)

  6. Diseño e implementación en FPGA de un filtro de partículas para aplicaciones biomédicas

    OpenAIRE

    González Salas, José Carlos

    2016-01-01

    La diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (DM1) es una enfermedad crónica caracterizada por la incapacidad del páncreas de producir insulina. Esta hormona regula la absorción de la glucosa del torrente sanguíneo por parte de las células. Debido a la ausencia de insulina en el cuerpo, la glucosa se acumula en el torrente sanguíneo provocando problemas a corto y largo plazo, como por ejemplo deterioro celular. Los pacientes con esta enfermedad necesitan controlar su glucemia (concentración de glucosa en sang...

  7. Graafikatriennaali grand prix Korea kunstnikule

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Tallinna XI graafikatriennaali rahvusvaheline žürii andis grand prix korea kunstnikule Chung¡Sang-Gonile, kolm võrdset preemiat - soome kunstnikele Anita Jensenile ja Tapani Mikkonenile ning jaapani kunstnikule Estuko Obatale. Eesti Kunstimuuseumi preemia - Wendy Swallow. Tallinna linna preemia ja Ivar Luki sponsoripreemia - Walter Jule. Sponsoripreemiad : Paletti Eesti AS preemia - Inga Heamägi; Rannila Profiili preemia - Mojca Zlokarnik; UNDP preemia - Andrea Juan. Rotermanni soolalao arhitektuuri- ja kunstikeskuse diplom - Lis Ingram, Heli Päivikki Kurunsaari, Randi Strand, Wendy Swallow

  8. Socrates in Washington, D.C.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-08-01

    mission.” Illustration by Jim Elmore P R O G R A M M A N A G E M E N T P H I L O S O P H Y Socrates in Washington, D.C. Maj. Dan Ward, USAF 1...status quo. “But counter to what you may have heard, turkeys don’t fear change. No, no. In fact, they love it. What they fear is criticism, so they come...sang at the top of his voice. The song was a surprisingly up-tempo rendition of Send In The Clowns . It didn’t sound half bad. Among the bronze figures

  9. Hematoma subdural após punção inadvertida da dura-máter: relato de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wallace Lage Duarte

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A cefaléia pós-punção da dura-máter é complicação bastante conhecida das anestesias subaracnóidea e peridural, e o tratamento mais difundido é o tampão sangüíneo. O tampão sangüíneo alivia totalmente a cefaléia na grande maioria dos pacientes, e nos demais não há melhora ou, apenas, melhora parcial. Nesses casos, é prudente buscar diagnósticos diferenciais, como o hematoma subdural ou pneumoencéfalo. Os métodos de imagem são extremamente úteis nessas situações. O objetivo deste relato foi apresentar o caso de um paciente que desenvolveu hematoma subdural intracraniano após punção inadvertida da dura-máter em anestesia peridural. RELATO DO CASO: Paciente do sexo masculino, 47 anos, 147 kg, 1,90 m, estado físico ASA II, foi admitido para realização de dermolipectomia abdominal, após ter-se submetido à gastroplastia redutora. Durante anestesia peridural, houve perfuração acidental da dura-máter. O paciente evoluiu com sintomas de cefaléia pós-punção da dura-máter que foram tratados com tampão sangüíneo, com melhora parcial. Houve, posteriormente, piora da cefaléia, e a ressonância nuclear magnética de encéfalo mostrou hematoma subdural intracraniano, que foi tratado clinicamente. Houve melhora progressiva, com recuperação total após 30 dias. CONCLUSÕES: A ocorrência de hematoma subdural é complicação rara, mas grave da perfuração de dura-máter. O diagnóstico é difícil e deve ser sempre cogitado quando a cefaléia pós-punção da dura-máter não se resolve com o tampão sangüíneo ou piora com sua realização. No esclarecimento diagnóstico é fundamental o auxílio de um método de imagem.

  10. Looja, armastus ja haigus / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    2003-01-01

    Kolm mängufilmi loojatest, keda tabab parandamatu haigus või vaimne häire - Bille Augusti Ulla Isakssoni romaanil põhinev "Laul Martinile" ("En sang för Martin") : Rootsi-Taani 2001, Richard Eyre'i John Bayley raamatul põhinev "Iris" : Suurbritannia-Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001 ja John Maybury kunstnik Francis Baconi üht elulõiku käsitlev "Armastus on saatanast" ("Love Is the Devil") : Suurbritannia-Prantsusmaa-Jaapan 1998. Lisatud B. Augusti, R. Eyre'i ja J. Maybury lühiandmed ja filmograafia lk. 113

  11. Avaliação dos níveis de hiper-homocisteinemia, vitamina E, selênio, cobre, ceruloplasmina e ferritina em pacientes com diagnóstico de acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico

    OpenAIRE

    Harboe-Gonçalves,Lillian; Vaz,Luiz Sérgio; Marcelo,Buzzi

    2007-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Avaliar níveis sangüíneos de hiper-homocisteinemia, vitamina E, selênio, cobre, ceruloplasmina e ferritina em pacientes com diagnóstico de acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico (AVCI). CASUÍSTICA, MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal analítico de 104 pacientes diagnosticados com AVCI e 98 controles. Dosagem de homocisteína e vitamina E feita por cromatografia líquida de alta performance. O selênio foi dosado por tecnologia de espectrometria de massa por plasma indutivamente acopla...

  12. Pesquisa de anticorpos contra Leptospira spp. em animais silvestres e em estado feral da região de Nhecolândia, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil: utilização da técnica de imuno-histoquímica para detecção do agente

    OpenAIRE

    Girio,Raul José Silva; Pereira,Fernando Lúcio Garcia; Marchiori Filho,Moacir; Mathias,Luís Antônio; Herreira,Rita de Cássia Pereira; Alessi, Antônio Carlos; Girio,Thaís Marino Silva

    2004-01-01

    Foram examinadas 315 amostras de soros sangüíneos de diversas espécies de animais que vivem em estado feral ou silvestre na região de Nhecolândia, Corumbá, MS, por meio da prova de soroaglutinação microscópica para leptospirose. Dessas amostras, 67 foram de bois baguás (Bos taurus indicus), 39 de porcos-monteiros (Sus scrofa), 39 de búfalos (Bubalus bubalis), nove de quatis (Nasua nasua), 41 de veados-campeiros (Ozotoceros bezoarticus), 10 de veados-mateiros (Mazama americana) e 110 amostras ...

  13. Pesquisa de anticorpos contra Leptospira spp. em animais silvestres e em estado feral da região de Nhecolândia, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil: utilização da técnica de imuno-histoquímica para detecção do agente Investigation of antibodies to Leptospira spp. in wild and feral animals from the region of Nhecolândia, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil: use of the immunohistochemistry technique for the agent detection

    OpenAIRE

    Raul José Silva Girio; Fernando Lúcio Garcia Pereira; Moacir Marchiori Filho; Luís Antônio Mathias; Rita de Cássia Pereira Herreira; Antônio Carlos Alessi; Thaís Marino Silva Girio

    2004-01-01

    Foram examinadas 315 amostras de soros sangüíneos de diversas espécies de animais que vivem em estado feral ou silvestre na região de Nhecolândia, Corumbá, MS, por meio da prova de soroaglutinação microscópica para leptospirose. Dessas amostras, 67 foram de bois baguás (Bos taurus indicus), 39 de porcos-monteiros (Sus scrofa), 39 de búfalos (Bubalus bubalis), nove de quatis (Nasua nasua), 41 de veados-campeiros (Ozotoceros bezoarticus), 10 de veados-mateiros (Mazama americana) e 110 amostras ...

  14. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    28 janv. 2013 ... Portage de l'antigène HBs et des anticorps anti-VHC chez le drépanocytaire homozygote à l'Hôpital ... prélèvement de 5 ml de sang veineux a été effectué. Le sérum était ... et chaque année il nait au moins 200 000 enfants atteints ... sanguins basées sur l'utilisation des techniques plus sensibles pour.

  15. Comparative study on hematological parameters of farmed matrinxã, Brycon amazonicus Spix and Agassiz, 1829 (Characidae: Bryconinae with others Bryconinae species Estudo comparativo sobre parâmetros hematológicos de matrinxã Brycon amazonicus Spix e Agassiz, 1892(Characidae: Bryconinae criados em cativeiro, com outras espécies de Bryconinae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Tavares-Dias

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was not only to determine the red blood cells parameters, thrombocyte and leukocyte counts in farmed Brycon amazonicus (matrinxã, to compare these parameters among Bryconinae species from literature, and also to investigate the presence of special granulocytic cells in these fish. The results of the blood cells parameters here established for farmed B. amazonicus, a species of great economic importance in Brazilian aquaculture, could help a better understanding of the blood features in natural populations of this Amazon species. Blood parameters varied between Bryconinae species investigated, mainly the red blood cell counts, hemoglobin, hematocrit and mean corpuscular volume (MCV. The presence of the blood granulocytes, neutrophils and heterophils in matrinxã suggest that both leukocytes can be a characteristic for Bryconinae family. Furthermore, it indicates that the existence of special granulocytic cells in the blood of Bryconinae species from literature is an artifact, and this was herein discussed.O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar os parâmetros eritrocíticos, as contagens de trombócitos e de leucócitos de espécimes de Brycon amazonicus (matrinxã, criados em cativeiro e compará-los com aqueles descritos na literatura para outras espécies de Bryconinae. Além disso, foi ainda investigada a presença de células granulocíticas especiais nestes peixes. Os resultados dos parâmetros sangüíneos apresentados para B. amazonicus podem ajudar a entender melhor as características sangüíneas em população natural desta espécie de grande importância para a aqüicultura brasileira. Os parâmetros sangüíneos das espécies de Bryconinae investigadas apresentaram variação interespecíficas principalmente a contagem de eritrócitos, hemoglobina, hematócrito e volume corpuscular médio (VCM. A presença dos granulócitos sangüíneos, neutrófilos e heterófilos em matrinxã sugere que esta pode ser uma

  16. Pro Patria: Limits to Military Obedience and Soldierly Honor in Modern Continental Europe: Case Studies from Polish and German Military History

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-01

    men.”62 The more sophisticated the country, the more complicated it can become to manage. In a simple economy , it may be relatively easy for the...military to control the state. However, it can be quite complicated in a more developed economy . “The more primitive the economy , the easier it is for...thousands of Berliners shouted and sang “Heils” and “Hochs” and “Deutschland uber Alles,” cheered Hitler and Hindenburg. Of course, not every

  17. Effects of chronic sucralose sweetener on the labeling of blood constituents with technetium-99m, morphology of red blood cells and the biodistribution of sodium pertechnetate in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabrielle de Souza Rocha

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This work evaluates effects of the sweetener with sucralose on the labeling of blood constituents with technetium-99m (99mTc, on the morphology of red blood cells (RBC and on the biodistribution of sodium pertechnetate in Wistar rats. Animals were treated with sweetener for 8 days. Blood samples were withdrawn and the assay of labeling of blood constituents with 99mTc was performed. Blood cells (BC and plasma (P were isolated. Aliquots of BC and P were also precipitated, soluble and insoluble fractions separated. The radioactivity in each fraction was counted and percentage of incorporated radioactivity (%ATI determined. Blood smears were prepared, fixed, stained and the qualitative and quantitative morphology of the RBC was evaluated under optical microscopy. In biodistribution experiments, sodium pertechnetate was administrated, organs and tissues isolated, radioactivity was counted and percentage of incorporated radioactivity per gram (%ATI/g determined. The data showed no significant alterations in %ATI, morphology of RBC and in %ATI/g in the studied organs.Neste estudo foram avaliados efeitos do adoçante com sucralose na marcação de constituintes sangüíneos com 99mTc, na morfologia de hemácias e na biodistribuição do pertecnetato de sódio em ratos Wistar. Animais foram tratados com adoçante durante 8 dias. Amostras de sangue foram retiradas e a marcação de constituintes sangüíneos com 99mTc foi realizada. Células sangüíneas (CS e plasma (P foram isolados. Alíquotas de CS e P foram precipitadas, frações insolúvel e solúvel foram separadas. A radioatividade em cada fração foi contada e o percentual de radioatividade incorporada (%ATI, determinado. Distensões sangüíneas foram preparadas, fixadas, coradas e análise morfológica, qualitativa e quantitativa, de hemácias foi avaliada sob microscopia óptica. Nos experimentos de biodistribuição, pertecnetato de sódio foi administrado, órgãos e tecidos isolados, a

  18. Effects of Chrysobalanus icaco on the labeling of blood constituents with technetium-99m and on the shape of the red blood cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Antonio Presta

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Chrysobalanus icaco (abajeru; C.icaco is recommended in the treatment of diabetes and other clinical disorders. Blood constituents labeled with technetium-99m (99mTc are used in nuclear medicine. The aim of this study was to verify the effects of an abajeru extract on the labeling of blood constituents with 99mTc and on the shape of red blood cells (RBC. Blood samples(Wistar rats were incubated with abajeru extract and the labeling of blood constituents with 99mTc and morphology of RBC were carried out. The results showed significant (PChrysobalanus icaco (abajeru; C.icaco é recomendado para tratar diabetes e outras desordens clínicas. Constituintes sangüíneos marcados com tecnécio -99m (99mTc são usados em medicina nuclear. O objetivo desse estudo foi verificar os efeitos de um extrato de abajetu na radiomarcação de constituintes sangüíneos com 99mTc e na forma de células vermelhas do sangue (RBC. Amostras de sangue retiradas de ratos Wistar foram incubadas com extrato de abajeru e a marcação dos constituintes sanguíneos com 99mTc e a morfologia das RBC foram realizadas. Os resultados mostraram alteração significativa (P<0.05 da marcação dos constituintes sangüíneos com 99mTc e a morfometria (relação perímetro/área das RBC na presença do extrato. Esses resultados sugerem que esse extrato de abajeru poderia alterar a marcação de constituintes sangüíneos com 99mTc pela sua ação quelante/antioxidante e/ou seus efeitos nas estruturas de membrana envolvidas no transporte de íons.

  19. Estudo angiográfico da circulação pulmonar na tetralogia de Fallot com atresia pulmonar

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Identificar os tipos de suprimento sangüíneo vascular pulmonar na tetralogia de Fallot com atresia pulmonar por meio de estudo hemodinâmico. MÉTODOS: Foram submetidos a estudo cineangiocardiográfico 56 pacientes portadores de tetralogia de Fallot com atresia pulmonar com idade de 20 dias a 4 anos e efetuadas injeções de contraste nas seguintes estruturas vasculares: 1) veia pulmonar encunhada, 2) colaterais aortopulmonares, 3) aorta torácica e 4) ductus arteriosus e/ou shunt sistêmi...

  20. Estudo angiográfico da circulação pulmonar na tetralogia de Fallot com atresia pulmonar Angiographic study of pulmonary circulation in tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Identificar os tipos de suprimento sangüíneo vascular pulmonar na tetralogia de Fallot com atresia pulmonar por meio de estudo hemodinâmico. MÉTODOS: Foram submetidos a estudo cineangiocardiográfico 56 pacientes portadores de tetralogia de Fallot com atresia pulmonar com idade de 20 dias a 4 anos e efetuadas injeções de contraste nas seguintes estruturas vasculares: 1) veia pulmonar encunhada, 2) colaterais aortopulmonares, 3) aorta torácica e 4) ductus arteriosus e/ou shunt sistêmi...