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Sample records for san fernando chiapas

  1. Formulación de un plan de desarrollo agropecuario y forestal para una comunidad ejidal del municipio de San Fernando, Chiapas, México

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    Leopoldo Medina Sansón

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El perfil socioeconómico de Chiapas es primordialmente rural, debiendo reconocerse la diversidad de sus actividades agropecuarias y forestales para generar condiciones específicas de desarrollo. Considerando lo anterior, se realizó esta investigación entre mayo de 1998 y diciembre de 1999, como un estudio de caso sobre los aspectos agropecuarios y forestales más relevantes en el ejido Villa Allende, que expresa problemas ejidales característicos de la región. El ejido cuenta con 3.300 hectáreas, 554 ejidatarios y se ubica en el municipio de San Fernando en la Región Central de Chiapas. Se estudiaron las circunstancias de los ejidatarios, conocimiento local y procesos de trabajo agrícola desde una perspectiva de planeación. A partir de ello se generó el plan de desarrollo, el cual es el primero expuesto en el municipio de San Fernando que se dirige al sector ejidal. Su propósito es plasmar una propuesta general en materia agropecuaria y forestal que pueda ser base para la concertación y que permita vislumbrar opciones dirigidas a mejorar la calidad de vida de los habitantes del ejido Villa Allende. Se postulan las siguientes políticas de desarrollo: 1. Fortalecimiento de la producción y la autosuficiencia alimentaria. 2. Impulso al crecimiento económico. 3. Dotación de infraestructura básica. 4. Reordenamiento agropecuario y forestal con criterios sociales, ecológicos y económicos. 5. Promoción de la salud. Con base en las políticas, se enuncian objetivos programas y subprogramas o proyectos.Chiapas' State has an economical profile essentially rural so, it must be recognized the diversity of its agriculture, livestock and forestry to generate specific conditions of development. Considering the previous questions, this research was carried out between May of 1998 and December of 1999, as a case study about the most important aspects that are related to agriculture, livestock and forestry at the Villa Allende ejido, which

  2. Logistics and ecological sanitation in the city of San Fernando, La Union, Philippines

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    Mateo, Dave; Gone, Agnes

    2008-01-01

    Access to basic sanitation remains a grave challenge on both global and local scales. This paper examines the logistical aspects of a pioneering ecological sanitation initiative piloting the use of urine-diverting dehydration toilets in two low-income communities in San Fernando city, La Union, Philippines, from January 2005. The San Fernando city government currently faces two challenges. First, how to develop a system that will more efficiently serve not only the communities piloted in the ...

  3. El arte medieval y la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

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    Sánchez de León Fernández, Ángeles

    2011-01-01

    La presente tesis reúne en tres capítulos un estudio global dentro del ámbito de la real academia de bellas artes de san Fernando de Madrid sobre la revalorización del arte y la historia medieval en España desde 1752. Incluye en su contenido los discursos de recepción ordenados cronológicamente y por materias, el catalogo de los dibujos que se conservan que representan los monumentos, esculturas, pinturas, etc. Ordenados por estilos y materias y los episodios históricos propuestos para el fom...

  4. The Effect of Saturation on the Slope Sliding in the San Juan de Grijalva Comunity, Chiapas

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    Mora-Ortiz R.S.; Rojas-González E.

    2012-01-01

    A number of slopes that have been stable during many years may fail when an extraordinary rain period occurs. This phenomenon involves not only the lithology, the geometric and the mechanical characteristics of the slope but also the rain-evaporation-infiltration regime of the site. In this paper, the stability of a slope in the comunity of San Juan de Grijalva, Ostuacán, Chiapas (Mexico) that failed during an intense raining period is analyzed. The volume of this slide was over 5 millions of...

  5. San Fernando en el siglo XX: de la ciudad concentrada al mosaico urbano / The city of San Fernando in the 20th Century: from a compact city to an urban mosaic

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    Maritza Saavedra Meléndez

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available La escasez de material acerca de la evolución reciente de la forma urbana de la ciudad de San Fernando, Región del Libertador Bernardo O’Higgins, ha sido la principal motivación para llevar a cabo este trabajo de investigación, que ha buscado traer a la memoria sus principales momentos urbanos.Se inicia cuando los efectos de calidad y cantidad de los procesos de urbanización (González y Romero, 2005 (González et al, 2004 y efectos de la agroindustrialización se hacen evidentes en su estructura urbana. La ciudad se transforma paulatina y sostenidamente, transformando también sus propios espacios urbanos. /This paper presents the evolution of the urban shape of San Fernando, modified by the new proccess of housing and agriculture.

  6. On the coherence of ground motion in the San Fernando valley

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    Hough, S.E.; Field, E.H.

    1996-01-01

    We present an analysis of the coherence of seismic ground motion recorded on alluvial sediments in the San Fernando Valley, California. Using aftershocks of the 17 January 1994 Mw6.7 earthquake recorded at a quasi-dense array of portable stations, we analyze the coherence of three well-recorded magnitude 3.7 to 4.0 events over the frequency range 0.5 to 15 Hz and a distance range of 0.5 to 5.3 km. All stations are located at sites with broadly similar near-site geology, characterized by medium to fine-grain Quaternary alluvial sediments. On average, relatively high values of coherence are observed for distances up to 3 to 4 km and frequencies up to 2 to 3 Hz; coherence drops sharply at frequencies near and above 3 Hz. Although average coherence functions are described reasonably well by a log-linear relationship with frequency, the curves at all distances exhibit a flattening at low frequencies that is not consistent with previous observations of coherence at hardrock sites. The distance decay of coherence is also markedly less strong, with high coherence values observed over station separations corresponding to multiple wavelengths. This may reflect fundamental differences in shallow-wave propagation in the two environments, with high-frequency scattering relatively more dominant in regions of hard-rock near-surface geology. Within a sedimentary basin or valley, the site response itself generally reflects a resonance phenomenon that may tend to give rise to more uniform ground motions. However, previous studies have demonstrated the existence of pathological focusing and amplification effects within complex sedimentary basin environments such as the greater Los Angeles region; our results undoubtedly do not quantify the full range of ground-motion variability at all sites, but rather represent the level of that variability that can be expected, and quantified, for typical source/receiver paths.

  7. Soil types and limiting factors in agricultural production in the San Fernando district, Tamaulipas, Mexico; Tipos de suelo y factores limitantes en la produccion agropecuaria en el distrito San Fernando, Tamaulipas, Mexico

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    Espinosa Ramirez, M.; Garza Cedillo, R.; Andrade limas, E.; Belmonte Serrato, F.

    2009-07-01

    The limiting factors in agricultural production, defined as those properties and characteristics of the geographical environment that influence the development of crops, can be diverse and are grouped with the physical environment of soil. They are the result of soil characteristics and soil degradation processes by anthropogenic influence. Due to the above, the objective of this study was to identify and surveying the limitative factors to agricultural production, as well as to define its ability land use capacity in San Fernando district, Tamaulipas. (Author) 7 refs.

  8. El castillo de San Romualdo (San Fernando, Cádiz. Aproximación estratigráfica y evolución constructiva

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    Utrera Burgal, Raquel M.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This article shows the results of the archaeological research carried out in the castle of San Romualdo, the most emblematic building of the city of San Fernando and a defensive fortress tied to the control access of Cádiz. The standing building recording has enabled to know the building evolution from its origins until the present. Studies have hitherto confirmed the chronological conclusions already proposed in 2003. That is, the current castle is a medieval Christian building erected in the second half of the 13th century thanks to Mudejar workers and materials reused from a previous building.Presentamos en este artículo los resultados de nuestra investigación arqueológica en el castillo de San Romualdo, el edificio más emblemático de la ciudad de San Fernando y fortaleza defensiva ligada al control del acceso a Cádiz. El análisis estratigráfico de alzados ha permitido conocer la evolución constructiva del edificio, desde sus orígenes hasta la actualidad. Hasta ahora los estudios confirman las conclusiones en cuanto a su datación presentadas en el año 2003, es decir, el castillo, tal y como hoy lo conocemos, es una construcción medieval cristiana, realizada durante la segunda mitad del siglo XIII, con mano de obra mudéjar y con materiales reutilizados de una edificación anterior.

  9. The Effect of Saturation on the Slope Sliding in the San Juan de Grijalva Comunity, Chiapas

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    Mora-Ortiz R.S.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A number of slopes that have been stable during many years may fail when an extraordinary rain period occurs. This phenomenon involves not only the lithology, the geometric and the mechanical characteristics of the slope but also the rain-evaporation-infiltration regime of the site. In this paper, the stability of a slope in the comunity of San Juan de Grijalva, Ostuacán, Chiapas (Mexico that failed during an intense raining period is analyzed. The volume of this slide was over 5 millions of cubics meters of soil and it produced the obstruction of the Grijalva river. The stratigraphic and geometric properties of the slope were determined and undisturbed samples were obtained in the site to determine the mechanical properties of the material. The stability analysis considered the variation of the cohesion of the soil caused by wetting and it was possible to observe the evolution of the safety factor with the water content of the material. Through the analysis of the rain infiltration and the stability of the slope, it has been possible to reproduce the failure process.

  10. La desnutrición infantil y los problemas que generan en el desarrollo neuromotriz de los niños de 1 a 3 años del CNH San Fernando, provincia del Azuay, cantón San Fernando

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    Quirindumbay Uchupailla, Sonia Mercedes

    2016-01-01

    El documento consiste en analizar los problemas que generan en el desarrollo neuromotriz de los niños, del CNH San Fernando se pretende reconocer las posibles soluciones para combatir la desnutrición de los niños junto con su familia, mediante charlas a las madres de familia, elaboración de menús, talleres de capacitación. This document consists on analyzing the problems that are generated during the neuromotor development of the children, at the CNH San Fernando. Through this analysis, we...

  11. El círculo meridiano automático de San Fernando - San Juan. Sus primeros pasos en el hemisferio sur

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    Mallamaci, C. C.; Muiños, J. L.; Gallego, M.; Pérez, J. A.; Marmolejo, L.; Navarro, J. L.; Sedeño, J.; Vallejos, M.; Belizón, F.

    Se informa sobre el estado actual del Círculo Meridiano Automático de San Fernando-San Juan. El instrumento (Grubb-Parson, de 178mm de abertura y 2665 mm de distancia focal) es gemelo del que se encuentra en las Islas Canarias, y fue instalado durante los meses de julio y agosto de 1996 en la estación astronómica ``Dr. C.U.Cesco" (El Leoncito, Barreal), a unos 200 km de distancia de la ciudad de San Juan, merced a un Convenio de Cooperación Científica, firmado en 1994 entre el ROA (España) y el OAFA (Argentina). En la actualidad se está llevando a cabo un programa de prueba cuyos resultados preliminares muestran que el telescopio está en buenas condiciones para observar estrellas de hasta magnitud aproximada 14.5, con buenos errores de observación (<0.12" en ascensión recta y declinación).

  12. Refresco y diabetes entre los mayas de Tenejapa, San Cristóbal de Las Casas y Chamula, Chiapas

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    Jaime Tomás Page Pliego

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo aborda factores asociados a la importancia Del consumo de refresco, específicamente de Coca-Cola, entre los mayas que habitan en las cabeceras municipales de Tenejapa, Chamula y San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, en la obesidad y la diabetes. Los datos de campo arrojan cómo la situación de un número considerable de diabéticos y sus familiares sin antecedentes previos de diabetes se vincula a un intenso consumo de refresco previo a la aparición de la sintomatología. Se revisan las representaciones que los mayas construyen en torno a dicha problemática.

  13. Les Espagnoles à l’Académie des Beaux Arts de San Fernando dans la seconde moitié du XVIIIe siècle

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    Soubeyroux, Jacques

    2017-01-01

    En el siglo XVIII, en los principales países de Europa, aparecen mujeres pintoras, vinculadas a las academias artísticas que favorecen sus carreras. Este trabajo trata de estudiar el papel que pudo desempeñar la Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando en la sociedad española de la época. La primera parte analiza la presencia de las mujeres en la Academia, sus condiciones de admisión y de recepción. La segunda estudia una muestra de las obras realizadas por las mujeres artistas, en la sección...

  14. Ground-Water Quality Data in the San Fernando-San Gabriel Study Unit, 2005 - Results from the California GAMA Program

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    Land, Michael; Belitz, Kenneth

    2008-01-01

    Ground-water quality in the approximately 460 square mile San Fernando-San Gabriel study unit (SFSG) was investigated between May and July 2005 as part of the Priority Basin Assessment Project of the Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment (GAMA) Program. The GAMA Priority Basin Assessment Project was developed in response to the Groundwater Quality Monitoring Act of 2001 and is being conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the California State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB). The San Fernando-San Gabriel study was designed to provide a spatially unbiased assessment of raw ground-water quality within SFSG, as well as a statistically consistent basis for comparing water quality throughout California. Samples were collected from 52 wells in Los Angeles County. Thirty-five of the wells were selected using a spatially distributed, randomized grid-based method to provide statistical representation of the study area (grid wells), and seventeen wells were selected to aid in the evaluation of specific water-quality issues or changes in water chemistry along a historic ground-water flow path (understanding wells). The ground-water samples were analyzed for a large number of synthetic organic constituents [volatile organic compounds (VOCs), pesticides and pesticide degradates], constituents of special interest [perchlorate, N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), 1,2,3-trichloropropane (1,2,3-TCP), and 1,4-dioxane], naturally occurring inorganic constituents (nutrients, major and minor ions, and trace elements), radioactive constituents, and microbial indicators. Naturally occurring isotopes (tritium, and carbon-14, and stable isotopes of hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon), and dissolved noble gases also were measured to help identify the source and age of the sampled ground water. Quality-control samples (blanks, replicates, samples for matrix spikes) were collected at approximately one-fifth (11 of 52) of the wells, and the results for these

  15. Reseña de la contribución de San Fernando a la lucha contra la violencia: a review

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    Fausto Garmendia Lorena

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Las actividades de lucha contra la violencia se iniciaron en la Facultad de Medicina San Fernando, UNMSM, en marzo del año 2003. Las primeras acciones estuvieron encaminadas a la organización de un núcleo docente de trabajo y a acopiar la mayor información sobre las consecuencias en salud producidas por la violencia política ocurrida en el Perú en los años 1980 al 2000. En el presente artículo se presenta una reseña histórica de los inicios, los arduos procesos de organización, de capacitación de profesionales de la salud y profesores universitarios así como de la evaluación de los resultados obtenidos en la atención integral en salud a las víctimas de la violencia de las regiones que sufrieron la violencia política y otros logros paralelos de innovación, creatividad y trasferencia de conocimientos, para la sostenibilidad del proceso.

  16. Carlos Alberto Seguín: paradigma docente de la Facultad de Medicina de San Fernando, a 100 años de su nacimiento

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    Alberto Perales

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available A propósito del primer centenario del nacimiento (1907-2007, de Carlos Alberto Seguín, describimos tres facetas de su ejemplar trayectoria: sus años formativos, su presencia en la Facultad de Medicina de San Fernando, en el difícil periodo de los 60, y su digna actitud ante la muerte. Las avanzadas ideas sobre la nueva formación médica que Seguín postulaba, insistiendo en la necesidad de estudiar, diagnosticar y tratar tanto el área psicológica cuanto física del ser humano y no solo ‘su enfermedad’. Además, su propuesta metodológica de los ‘grupos formativos’, para que los estudiantes tuvieran la oportunidad de elaborar sus vivencias de contacto con el enfermo, no fueron bien comprendidas en la época que las formulara, creándose conflictos que el profesor prefirió evitar por el bien de la institución y porque comprendió que el estudiante de esa época no estaba dispuesto a realizar el esfuerzo necesario para tal logro. Su digna actitud ante la muerte se grafica en un verso que escribiera poco antes de morir. Seguín falleció el sábado 26 de agosto de 1995. Debe ser recordado como un paradigma docente sanmarquino.

  17. Violencia, anticoncepción y embarazo no deseado. Mujeres indígenas en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas

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    M. Georgina Rivas

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio es parte de una investigación cualitativa que se realizó en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, México. Con base en entrevistas a mujeres indígenas inmigrantes, se hacen evidentes la influencia del entorno de marginación social así como el abuso de poder de los varones en el origen del embarazo no deseado. La sobrevaloración de los saberes masculinos, la expectativa de formar una unión como mandato social y como estrategia de sobrevivencia, así como la violencia que sufren las mujeres a lo largo de su ciclo de vida, condicionan su aceptación de relaciones sexuales con escasa protección anticonceptiva.

  18. Manejo de recursos en la agricultura campesina: producción de maíz en el municipio de San José Chiapa, Puebla.

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    Turiján Altamirano, Teresa

    2011-01-01

    El maíz es uno de los principales cultivos en el municipio de San José Chiapa, Puebla, su producción puede variar de acuerdo al contexto edafoclimático, social y económico en donde se desarrolle, así como por los recursos empleados en su manejo, principalmente el tipo de tecnologías, uso de agroquímicos, y los recursos aportados por la ganadería familiar. La presente investigación tuvo como objetivos reconocer los tipos de tecnologías que predominan en el manejo del maíz y cómo influyen en la...

  19. La arquitectura teatral a través de las pruebas de pensado en la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

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    Juana María Balsalobre García

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available La importancia histórica de la Academia y su influencia, en cuanto al hecho arquitectónico, se halla en la labor de la Comisión de Arquitectura. Ésta junta desempeñó la línea motriz del pensamiento académico. En resumen, el cuerpo de esta investigación se basa en el estudio de tres proyectos de teatros censurados por dicha Comisión. El interés de los planos y de los manuscritos es significativo, porque por un lado proporcionan documentación inédita en la actualidad, sobre tres teatros proyectados en España, por el otro encierran el juicio de valor que motivaron en la Academia. En tal contexto cabe señalar la postura abierta de la Academia, pues no se trataba de defender una curva para la planta de la sala, sino más bien la derivada de resolver el conjunto arquitectónico adecuadamente a su función.Thanks to its Architect Commission the Real Academy of San Fernando was basic to the ulterior development of the academic thought. The main object of the investigation is based on the study of the three theatre projects censored by that Commission. The significance of the plans and manuscripts is important because they show documentation unknown nowadays about the theatres planned in Spain in the Nineteenth Century and because they contain the architectural ideas of the Academy. We must point out the advanced ideas of the Academy in this context because it tried to resolve the architectural group appropriately to its function.

  20. Necesidades de formación de los docentes de bachillerato del colegio técnico Galo Plaza Lasso, de la provincia del Azuay, cantón San Fernando, periodo lectivo 2012 2013

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    Chamba Tapia, Tania Robertina

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo de esta investigación es analizar las necesidades de formación de los docentes de bachillerato de las instituciones educativas del país, en el período académico 2012 2013. Para ello se aplicó un cuestionario a los diez docentes que laboran en el colegio Técnico Galo Plaza Lasso de la provincia del Azuay, cantón San Fernando, por medio del cual se pudo detectar que el problema del que padece esta entidad educativa, es la carencia de formación y capacitación de la totalida...

  1. La intervención de la Real Academia de San Fernando en la protección del patrimonio : la Comisión de Valentín Carderera (1836

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    Rocío Calvo Martín

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El pensamiento ilustrado motivó el nacimiento de la conciencia tutelar, en cuya evolución intervinieron de manera activa las Academias, órganos centralizadores de la protección patrimonial. A raíz de la definitiva desamortización del clero regular, la Real Academia de San Fernando desarrolló un papel fundamental en la formulación de su ordenamiento jurídico. Entre las primeras medidas adoptadas destaca el nombramiento de académicos como comisionados que inventariasen, clasificasen y recolectasen los objetos procedentes de las comunidades suprimidas para la formación de los museos públicos. Este estudio aborda tanto la labor llevada a cabo como los resultados obtenidos por Valentín Carderera como comisionado en Castilla la Vieja y el Reino de León.The Enlightenment caused the birth of guardianship awareness. Academies, as centralized institutions for the protection of heritage, were actively involved in its evolution. On the basis of the definitive disentailment of regular clergy property, the Royal Academy of San Fernando played a key role in the development of its legal framework. Concerning the first steps taken, stands out the appointment of academics as commissioners to inventory, classify and collect the objects from the removed communities to be part of the public museums. This study addresses both the work carried out and the results obtained by the commissioner Valentin Carderera in Old Castile and The Kingdom of Leon.

  2. La gráfica política y los marcos de acción colectiva en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas (2010-2013

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    Carlos de Jesùs Gómez Abarca

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es interpretar la gráfica política realizada en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, integrada por composiciones que generalmente incluyen texto e imágenes. Se realizó, inicialmente, un análisis elemental de tipo semiótico visual a un registro fotográfico (2010-2013 de 63 producciones visuales, el cual fue complementado, posteriormente, con una interpretación desde la perspectiva de los marcos de acción colectiva. Se concluye que estas intervenciones, además de ser un vehículo de expresión política, constituyen marcos interpretativos que orientan las acciones colectivas de los diferentes actores políticos que confluyen en la ciudad.

  3. Posibilidades sociales de prevención de la infección por virus del papiloma humano y de cáncer cervicouterino en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, México

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    Mónica Adriana Luna Blanco

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Se muestran los resultados de un estudio realizado en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, con el fin de obtener información respecto al conocimiento que tenían en torno al virus del papiloma humano y su vínculo con el cáncer cervicouterino. Como resultado, se constató que la información biomédica en torno al cáncer cervical versus las prácticas de prevención reales de la población de estudio discrepan sustancialmente, ya que consideran más importante platicar sobre las prácticas sexuales en pareja, que utilizar protección o realizarse el Papanicolaou. Las campañas de detección oportuna no toman en cuenta estas realidades en su prevención.

  4. Género, etnia y generación en la prevención e interrupción de embarazos en jóvenes estudiantes hablantes de lenguas mayas migrantes a San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas (México Gênero, etnia e geração na prevenção e interrupção da gravidez em jovens estudantes de língua maia migrantes para San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas (México Gender, ethnicity and generation in pregnancy prevention and interruption among young Mayan speaking migrant students in San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas (Mexico

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    Diana L. Reartes

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Desde hace algunos años la investigación sociodemográfica en México está registrando procesos de cambios importantes en la vida sexual y reproductiva de las y los jóvenes, particularmente entre aquellas/os jóvenes urbanos. De ahí la importancia de explorar qué está ocurriendo con los jóvenes rurales e indígenas al tomar en cuenta eventos tales como el inicio sexual, el uso del condón, la adopción de anticonceptivos o los conocimientos que cambian en función de la escolaridad alcanzada, el lugar de residencia, la lengua que habla, entre otros. El artículo se aproxima a las modalidades que adquiere la prevención e interrupción de embarazos entre estudiantes (mujeres y varones hablantes de lenguas mayas que han migrado de comunidades indígenas a la ciudad de San Cristóbal de Las Casas, en Chiapas.Nos últimos anos a pesquisa sócio-demográficas no México está passando por grandes mudanças nos processos da juventude sexual e reprodutiva e, particularmente entre a juventude urbana. Daí a importância de explorar o que está acontecendo com a juventude rural e indígena estar ciente que eventos como a iniciação sexual, uso de preservativos, a adoção de contracepção ou mudar o que é conhecido em termos de escolaridade, local de residência, idioma falado, entre outros. O artigo aborda as modalidades de prevenção e se torna a interrupção da gravidez entre os alunos (masculino e feminino falantes de línguas maias das comunidades indígenas migraram para a cidade de San Cristobal de las Casas, em Chiapas.In the past several years socio-demographic research in Mexico has been showing important changes in the sexual and reproductive lives of youth, especially among urban population. Hence the importance of exploring what processes are taking place among rural and indigenous youth, where events such as sexual initiation, the use of condoms or other forms of contraception, and knowledge vary according to the level of

  5. Impact evaluation of a healthy lifestyle intervention to reduce cardiovascular disease risk in health centers in San José, Costa Rica and Chiapas, Mexico.

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    Fort, Meredith P; Murillo, Sandra; López, Erika; Dengo, Ana Laura; Alvarado-Molina, Nadia; de Beausset, Indira; Castro, Maricruz; Peña, Liz; Ramírez-Zea, Manuel; Martínez, Homero

    2015-12-28

    Previous healthy lifestyle interventions based on the Salud para Su Corazón curriculum for Latinos in the United States, and a pilot study in Guatemala, demonstrated improvements in patient knowledge, behavior, and clinical outcomes for adults with hypertension. This article describes the implementation of a healthy lifestyle group education intervention at the primary care health center level in the capital cities of Costa Rica and Chiapas, Mexico for patients with hypertension and/or type 2 diabetes and presents impact evaluation results. Six group education sessions were offered to participants at intervention health centers from November 2011 to December 2012 and participants were followed up for 8 months. The study used a prospective, longitudinal, nonequivalent pretest-posttest comparison group design, and was conducted in parallel in the two countries. Cognitive and behavioral outcome measures were knowledge, self-efficacy, stage-of-change, dietary behavior and physical activity. Clinical outcomes were: body mass index, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and fasting blood glucose. Group by time differences were assessed using generalized estimating equation models, and a dose-response analysis was conducted for the intervention group. The average number of group education sessions attended in Chiapas was 4 (SD: 2.2) and in Costa Rica, 1.8 (SD: 2.0). In both settings, participation in the study declined by 8-month follow-up. In Costa Rica, intervention group participants showed significant improvements in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and borderline significant improvement for fasting glucose, and significant improvement in the stages-of-change measure vs. the comparison group. In Chiapas, the intervention group showed significant improvement in the stages-of-change measure in relation to the comparison group. Significant improvements were not observed for knowledge, self-efficacy, dietary behavior or physical activity. In Chiapas only, a

  6. Orígenes del control de los proyectos de obras públicas por la Academia de San Fernando (1768-1777

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Enrique García Melero

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Trata sobre los orígenes de la censura de obras públicas en España por la Academia madrileña entre los años 1768 y 1777. Se estudian a través de la documentación hallada en su Archivo y la bibliografía paralela complementaria. Se hallan en una serie de representaciones de los académicos al Rey Carlos III, fechadas en los años 1768 y 1777, sobre la actividad gremial. Entonces se criticaba el empleo del estilo barroco por los gremios. La crítica se centró, sobre todo, en el retablo. En su realización participaban tanto los maestros gremiales como los arquitectos, escultores y pintores académicos. En este artículo se destaca la influencia indirecta de la Academia de San Carlos de Valencia en las reales órdenes de 1777. Con ellas se cumplió el ideal político de centralización de las obras públicas en la Corte, tan del agrado de los reyes españoles de la Ilustración.This article treats about the origins ofthe censure ofpublic works in Spain done by the Madrilenian Academy from 1786 to 1777. The studies done in this article are based on the documentation found in the own Academy's Archive and in other complementary sources. We can find these origins in a serie ofrequests made by the academics to the king Carlos III and that are dated between the years 1768 and 1777, about the guild activity. By this time it was criticised the use of the Baroque style by the guilds. The critic was basically focusedin the retablo. Its realization not only was a task of the guild masters but also architects, painters and sculptors take part. In this work we point out the indirect influence ofthe San Carlos Academy, from Valencia, in the roya! orders made in 1777.

  7. A taxonomic monograph of the genus Tylodinus Champion (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Cryptorhynchinae: Tylodina) of Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luna-Cozar, Jesús; Anderson, Robert S; Jones, Robert W; León-Corté, Jorge L

    2014-04-15

    The species of the genus Tylodinus from the Mexican state of Chiapas are revised. We examined 989 specimens representing 36 species; 23 species are grouped into eight species groups with 13 species considered as Incertae sedis. A total of 32 species are described as new and one species is a new record for México. Species groups  (numbers of species in parentheses) and species are: Tylodinus buchanani species group (6) T. buchanani new species (type locality: Chiapas, Unión Juárez, Volcán Tacan), T. exiguus new species (type locality: Chiapas, Motozintla, 7 km SSW Motozintla de Mendoza), T. ixchel new species (type locality: Chiapas, Unión Juarez, Volcán Tacan), T. jonesi new species (type locality: Chiapas, Angel Albino Corzo, Reserva de la Biosfera el Triunfo, Campamento el Quetzal), T. variabilis new species (type locality: Chiapas, San Cristóbal de las Casas, Cerro Huitepec), T. wibmeri new species (type locality: Chiapas, Motozintla, 7 km SSW Motozintla de Mendoza); Tylodinus canaliculatus species group (3) T. canaliculatus Champion (Chiapas, Unión Juárez, Volcán Tacan, new record for  México), T. sepulturaensis new species (Type locality: Chiapas, Villa Corzo, Ejido Sierra Morena), T. triumforium new species (Type locality: Chiapas, La Concordia, 4 km SE Custepec); Tylodinus cavicrus species group (3) T. cavicrus Champion, T. pseudocavicrus new species (type locality: Chiapas, San Cristóbal de las Casas, Cerro Huitepec), T. rugosus new species (type locality: Chiapas, Villa Flores, Sierra Morena); Tylodinus coapillensis species group (2) T. coapillensis new species (type locality: Chiapas, Coapilla, ca. 10.5 km NE Coapilla), T. leoncortesi new species (type locality: Chiapas, Pueblo Nuevo Solistahuacán, La Yerbabuena); Tylodinus mutabilis species group (2) Tylodinus mutabilis new species (type locality: Chiapas, Villa Corzo, Ejido Sierra Morena), T. parvus new species (type locality: Chiapas, Trinitaria, Lagunas de Montebello); Tylodinus

  8. Uso de remesas para la adquisición de tecnología agrícola en maíz en San José Chiapa, Puebla, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Turiján Altamirano

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El destino de las remesas varía de acuerdo a las necesidades de los hogares receptores, aunque generalmente se emplean en gastos de manutención, y en menores porcentajes se utilizan para otros rubros como el ahorro, gastos de educación, mejoras, ampliación o construcción de vivienda e inversiones como compra de tierras, inicio o capitalización de un negocio y adquisición de maquinaria agrícola. Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo determinar la contribución de las remesas en la adquisición de tecnología agrícola por productores de maíz de San José Chiapa, Puebla. Por ello se aplicó, en 2009, a una muestra representativa de 110 productores de maíz, una encuesta que abarcó aspectos sociodemográficos, económicos y agronómicos. Con la información recabada se estimó por una parte el nivel de adopción de tecnologías entre los productores utilizando el Índice de Apropiación de Tecnologías Modernas (IATM y el Grado de Empleo de Tecnologías Campesinas (GETC. Por otra parte, se clasificó a los productores en dos grupos: sin remesas y con remesas. La información se analizó utilizando estadística descriptiva, pruebas de t para comparcion de medias independientes y una regresión logística para seleccionar las variables que explicaran el uso de las remesas. Se observaron diferencias significativas en variables socioeconómicas donde el tamaño de la familia, la edad y el gasto mensual per cápita, el grupo con remesas obtuvo los valores más altos respecto al grupo sin remesas. En cuanto al manejo del maíz, se observó una mayor utilización de tecnologás modernas en distintas actividades agrícolas entre los productores con remesas, a diferencia del grupo sin remesas. Por lo que se entiende que el Índice Apropiación de Tecnologías Modernas haya resultado más alto en el grupo con remesas (59.5 unidades. Así mismo, este grupo obtuvo un rendimiento más alto con 2.92 t/ha. Tal situación refleja que las remesas juegan

  9. Transformaciones agrícolas en el contexto periurbano de la ciudad de San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Araceli Calderón Cisneros

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available San Cristóbal de Las Casas ha crecido en las últimas décadas abarcando las zonas rurales circundantes. El objetivo del presente trabajo consistió en identificar las transformaciones que la interacción urbano-rural imprime sobre la actividad agrícola de un área periurbana: el cerro Huitepec. Se revisó información documental y se levantaron 100 entrevistas abiertas y estructuradas entre población de las localidades rurales e informantes clave. Aunque ha perdido relevancia como fuente de ingresos económicos familiares, la agricultura y la cría de animales de traspatio aún tienen un papel significativo para el autoconsumo familiar.

  10. Graffiti: una expresión político-cultural juvenil en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Gómez-Abarca

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo en este artículo es ayudar a comprender los componentes políticos y culturales asociados al desarrollo del graffiti en San Cristóbal de Las Casas. Realicé la investigación entre los años 2010 y 2012, desde el paradigma cualitativo, basado en la interpretación de registros etnográficos y entrevistas con sus productores y productoras. El graffiti emerge en esta ciudad desde la década de los noventa del siglo pasado, como una producción cultural, en torno a la cual las y los jóvenes construyen identidades individuales y colectivas; representan sus realidades, se (reapropian de los espacios públicos, cuestionan el ordenamiento socio-espacial y generan disputas por la definición del paisaje urbano. Con base en estos resultados concluyo que el graffiti es un producto cultural complejo a través del cual las y los jóvenes se posicionan como sujetos políticoculturales.

  11. Graffiti: una expresión político-cultural juvenil en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Gómez-Abarca

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo en este artículo es ayudar a comprender los componentes políticos y culturales asociados al desarrollo del graffiti en San Cristóbal de Las Casas. Realicé la investigación entre los años 2010 y 2012, desde el paradigma cualitativo, basado en la interpretación de registros etnográficos y entrevistas con sus productores y productoras. El graffiti emerge en esta ciudad desde la década de los noventa del siglo pasado, como una producción cultural, en torno a la cual las y los jóvenes construyen identidades individuales y colectivas; representan sus realidades, se (reapropian de los espacios públicos, cuestionan el ordenamiento socio-espacial y generan disputas por la definición del paisaje urbano. Con base en estos resultados concluyo que el graffiti es un producto cultural complejo a través del cual las y los jóvenes se posicionan como sujetos político- culturales. Palabras clave autor: ciudad.

  12. Profesor Doctor Fernando Sonnet: In Memoriam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto José Figueras

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Recuerdo del Profesor Doctor Fernando Sonnet, destacado docente e investigador, en las áreas de economía agraria, economía de empresas y microeconomía, en el Instituto de Economía y Finanzas de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.Palabras Clave: Fernando H. Sonnet; Recuerdo; Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.Código JEL: B32. Professor Doctor Fernando Sonnet: In MemoriamAbstractRemembrance of Professor Doctor Fernando Sonnet, a senior lecturer and researcher in the areas of agricultural economics, business economics and microeconomics at the Institute of Economics and Finance at the Faculty of Economics, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.Keywords: Fernando H. Sonnet; Memory; Universidad Nacional de CórdobaJEL Classification: B32.

  13. Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Assessment of the Chiapas State (SE Mexico)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Lomelí, Anabel Georgina; García-Mayordomo, Julián

    2015-04-01

    towards the northeast across the Reverse Faults Province and up to Yucatan Platform, where the lowest values are reached. We also produced uniform hazard spectra (UHS) for the three main cities of Chiapas. Tapachula city presents the highest spectral accelerations, while Tuxtla Gutierrez and San Cristobal de las Casas cities show similar values. We conclude that seismic hazard in Chiapas is chiefly controlled by the subduction of the Cocos beneath Northamerica and Caribe tectonic plates, that makes the coastal areas the most hazardous. Additionally, the Motagua and Polochic Fault Zones are also important, increasing the hazard particularly in southeastern Chiapas.

  14. Fernando Vallejo, Casablanca la bella

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz, Jorge Armando

    2014-01-01

    En Casablanca la bella, la más reciente novela de Fernando Vallejo, se asoma un niño de once años que un día abandonó su familia, su casa, su ciudad, su país. Un niño que ha hecho de las palabras dinamita, que ha hecho volar en mil pedazos las tradiciones familiares y nacionales; esa camisa de fuerza conservadora con la que nacen los/as buenos/as hijos/as de la patria. Vallejo, calificado de mil maneras, es un paria consciente, un apátrida metafísico (muy cercano a Cioran), es El hombre de ho...

  15. Fernando Alonso murdus ja tunnistas seaduse rikkumist

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    McLareni meeskonnas sõitev vormel-1 kahekordne maailmameister Fernando Alonso tunnistas, et sai salajast teavet konkureerivast Ferrari tiimist, mistõttu hakatakse infoleket uuesti kõrgemal tasemel uurima

  16. OCCULTISM AND MEDIUMSHIP IN FERNANDO PESSOA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alisson Diêgo Dias de Medeiros

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This work is the result of a research on the influence that the occultism had on the work of the Portuguese poet Fernando Pessoa. To delimitate the study, we selected papers of Fernando Pessoa, which  suggested that the poet considered himself medium, and hence influenced his work, building his depersonalization. This work presents, thus, as main objectiveto analyze personal papers of Fernando Pessoa, whose outstanding characteristic is the presence of occultism and the supposed mediumship defended by him in response to non-literary and heteronymic manifestations. To this end, I focused on specific objectives, which are: a to study the speech of Fernando Pessoa on his supposed mediumship / occultism b to analyze specific texts that are, for the poet, mediumistic manifestations c to study excerpts from a set of personal letters in which Fernando Pessoa suggested being a medium. It is true that this dissertation will address many discussions already made by scholars and specialists in Fernando Pessoa, but we consider the possibility to deepen issues and contribute to the critical fortune of the poet.

  17. El populismo de Fernando Vallejo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oswaldo Ortegón Cufiño

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Desde una visión interdisciplinaria, este trabajo busca reconocer actitudes populistas en la narrativa y el habla de Fernando Vallejo. Se observa cómo el autor y el gramático narrador de sus novelas y film (1994-2010, 2000 recurren de forma insistente y unívoca a la difusión de un pensamiento demoledor de la vieja institucionalidad, que funda la nación latinoamericana con estrategias comunicativas provocadoras, autoritarias, afectuosas y mesiánicas que, por lo general, tipifican el discurso populista. En la primera parte se discute el entronque ideológicopolítico de Vallejo con la tradición literaria latinoamericana. En la segunda parte se analiza la forma en la que discurren las estrategias comunicativas que se anotan. Algunas de sus novelas, ensayos y presentaciones públicas constituyen la materia de este trabajo. Al final, se destaca la genialidad del lenguaje vallejiano para articular una extraña forma de encantamiento social que carece de un estilo definido.

  18. Entre apatía y colaboración: actitudes hacia las escuelas rurales federales en la región de San Bartolomé de Los Llanos, Chiapas, 1926-1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar Javier Barrera Aguilera

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio permite conocer las particularidades del proyecto de escuelas rurales federales —impulsado por la Secretaría de Educación Pública— en poblaciones ubicadas en las terrazas en el valle central del río Grijalva en el estado de Chiapas. Para ilustrar las adaptaciones, contrastamos las experiencias que el proyecto afrontó en comunidades tseltales, como Amatenango del Valle y Aguacatenango, y poblaciones mestizas, como Teopisca, Tzimol y Socoltenango. Los casos analizados nos permiten preguntarnos por los conflictos de intereses que surgieron entre las comunidades, los maestros y las autoridades a raíz de la implementación de este proyecto educativo.

  19. Péndulos astronómicos y cronómetros marinos de la armada: el observatorio de San Fernando y los antecedentes del patrón nacional de tiempo (1753-1957

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    González González, Francisco José

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available This article is a brief review on the precision clocks in use by the Spanish Navy during the XVIII, XIX and XX centuries. It deals with the introduction in Spain of marine chronometers needed for the application of the new techniques of astronomical navigation and also, with the evolution of the methods for time keeping and determination by astronomical pendulum clocks. Both facts placed the Navy and its Observatory in a good starting position for future activity in the field of the scientific study of time in our country.

    Este artículo presenta un breve estudio sobre los relojes de precisión usados por la Armada española durante los siglos XVIII, XIX y XX. Se trata, por una parte, sobre la introducción en España de los cronómetros marinos, necesarios para la aplicación de las nuevas técnicas de navegación astronómica. Se estudia, además, la evolución del sistema de determinación y conservación de la hora mediante péndulos astronómicos, origen del servicio horario del Observatorio de San Femando. Ambas vertientes sitúan a la Marina, y a su Observatorio, en un lugar preferente en los trabajos relacionados con el cómputo científico del tiempo en nuestro país.

  20. Género, etnia y generación en la prevención e interrupción de embarazos en jóvenes estudiantes hablantes de lenguas mayas migrantes a San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas (México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana L. Reartes

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Desde hace algunos años la investigación sociodemográfica en México está registrando procesos de cambios importantes en la vida sexual y reproductiva de las y los jóvenes, particularmente entre aquellas/os jóvenes urbanos. De ahí la importancia de explorar qué está ocurriendo con los jóvenes rurales e indígenas al tomar en cuenta eventos tales como el inicio sexual, el uso del condón, la adopción de anticonceptivos o los conocimientos que cambian en función de la escolaridad alcanzada, el lugar de residencia, la lengua que habla, entre otros. El artículo se aproxima a las modalidades que adquiere la prevención e interrupción de embarazos entre estudiantes (mujeres y varones hablantes de lenguas mayas que han migrado de comunidades indígenas a la ciudad de San Cristóbal de Las Casas, en Chiapas.

  1. San Fernando Valley California Earthquakes of 1971 and 1994

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This slide set compares two earthquakes that were separated by a distance of 10 miles and a time of 23 years. Disproving the notion that once an earthquake has...

  2. Vida cotidiana: uso/ocupación del tiempo/espacio y reconfiguración identitaria de género en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guadalupe Cantoral Cantoral

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Se muestra la importancia de la vida cotidiana en la reconfiguración de la identidad de género de hombres y mujeres en la ciudad de San Cristóbal de Las Casas, incluido el papel del lenguaje y de la memoria. La metodología se sustenta en argumentos teóricos constructivistas, cuyo corte cualitativo orientó al uso de entrevistas e historias de vida como técnicas. Los resultados muestran la vida cotidiana como espacio donde se crean y recrean experiencias de desigualdad que trastocan elementos identitarios de género y donde hombres y mujeres realizan procesos de cambio en la reconfiguración identitaria y de condiciones de vida.

  3. Representaciones sociales de la violencia escolar en la IE Maestro Fernando Botero

    OpenAIRE

    Tobón Betancur, Carlos Vidal

    2014-01-01

    Ubicación en Biblioteca USB Medellín (San Benito): CD-3203t .--Grupo de Investigación Interdisciplinario de Estudios Pedagógicos (GIDEP).-- Línea de Investigación: Desarrollo Humano y Contextos Educativos.-- Área: convivencia, conflicto y violencia escolar.-- Tema: repesentaciones sociales de la violencia escolar El trabajo de investigación: REPRESENTACIONES SOCIALES DE LA VIOLENCIA ESCOLAR EN LA IE MAESTRO FERNANDO BOTERO, se desarrolla en el eje temático: convivencia, conflicto y violenc...

  4. Política en Fernando Savater

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Malpartida

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se expone la idea de que, en política, tres han sido los objetos principales en la reflexión de Fernando Savater: la libertad, el individuo (nunca desligado de su contraparte, la sociedad y la democracia. Su visión universalista de la política se ha traducido además en críticas demoledoras contra todo pensamiento colectivista o tribal, en especial el nacionalista.

  5. del turista politizado en Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Coronado

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza las interrelaciones entre turismo y política considerando el impacto de la rebelión indígena zapatista en el turismo en Chiapas, México. Mediante el análisis de productos turísticos y observaciones de campo la transformación de la industria turística se explica como efecto de las presiones de un nuevo tipo de visitante, el “turista politizado’. Atraído por el movimiento indígena y su relevancia como movimiento social global su posición política e ideológica creó demandas que impactaron sobre las redes organizacionales interétnicas y el valor social de la actividad turística. Como respuesta agentes turísticos indígenas y no indígenas generaron nuevas estrategias para la recuperación de su economía, incluyendo cambios en las redes organizacionales y comercializando símbolos e ideologías como “productos” turísticos.

  6. Caciquismes, résistances, violences. Les pedranos et l'Etat mexicain dans le Chiapas postrévolutionnaire.

    OpenAIRE

    MELENOTTE, Sabrina

    2014-01-01

    Based on the study of a rich corpus composed of life stories, participant observation made between 2003 and 2010, archives and documents collected in my fieldworks, this thesis explores the relationships of power and multiple domination waving the political life of the municipality of San Pedro Chenalhó, located in the region of the Highlands of Chiapas, in México. The thesis is based on a theoretical framework inspired by Gramsci in which fit together some analyzes borrowed from the sociolog...

  7. Fernando Cassinello Pérez, polyhedral architect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Centellas Soler

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The work of architect Fernando Cassinello Pérez (Almería, 1928-Madrid, 1975 rests on three pillars: architectural production focused on the design and construction of housing and hotel establishments, academic activity as Professor of Construction at the Escuela de Arquitectura de Madrid, and research concern developed in the IETcc of which he became director, and exercised as an author of books and research papers, as disseminator lecturer, speaker at major conferences or as an active member of international associations linked to construction with concrete. This article will review his prolific activity as polyhedral architect and will find interesting works that designed and built by relying on extensive contemporary and international architectural culture.

  8. Aprovechamiento del traspatio de hogares de comunidades marginadas del estado de Chiapas, México

    OpenAIRE

    García Parra, Esmeralda; Bezares Sarmiento, Vidalma; Caballero Roque, Adriana; De la Torre De la Torre, Josué; Gómez Talaguari, Avelino

    2011-01-01

    Se implementó el cultivo de hortalizas convencionales y se combinó con las no convencionales a fin de contribuir al mejoramiento de la calidad de la dieta y el estado nutricional de la población de Laguna del Carmen, del municipio de San Lucas, Chiapas. El diseño del estudio fue comunitario participativo, descriptivo de corte prospectivo. Se obtuvieron resultados tales como la implementación de 34 huertos familiares, lo que permitió dar mayor variedad a la dieta habitual, mediante el consumo ...

  9. Crisis rural, pobreza y hambre en Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Villafuerte Solís

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La crisis y la pobreza en el México actual se expresan con claridad en las entidades tradicionalmente más pobres (Chiapas, Guerrero y Oaxaca, que en 2012 sumaron cerca de cuatro millones de personas con hambre. En Chiapas, aun con una reducción de 5.6 puntos porcentuales de la población que padece hambre, la situación adquiere rasgos más complejos porque entre las causas del levantamiento del EZLN figuran la pobreza y el hambre. En este artículo se analizan la crisis en el campo, la pobreza y el hambre, con sustento en la teoría de la crisis y datos de dependencias federales.

  10. The Economics of Oil Palm Production in Chiapas, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Wolff, Christiane

    1999-01-01

    This study focuses on the economics of a scheme to plant 50,000 hectares to smallholder-produced oil palm in the Mexican State of Chiapas, a region plagued with rural poverty and political unrest. The analysis concludes that oil palm is potentially the most profitable crop for the Soconusco region of Chiapas and offers suggestions for implementing the project.

  11. Fernando: An educational ahead-of-time bytecode compiler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Puffitsch, Wolfgang

    2015-01-01

    While modern Java virtual machines are efficient and portable, they are also very complex software artifacts. Adapting or extending such a complex system within the scope of a university course is hardly an option. Fernando is a minimalist ahead-of-time bytecode compiler with the aim of providing...

  12. MAKING SENSE OF AUTONOMY IN INFORMATION ONLINE JOURNALISM IN CHIAPAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Bolaños Gordillo

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Censorship prevalent historically in the practice of journalism in Chiapas, several organizations have taken over the use of new information technologies to inform and comment on the events in Chiapas, including his own, thus creating an autonomous way of exercising this important activity.This article is the product of research done in 2010, which analyzed the influence of the EZLN in the development of a regional sense in the online journalism in Chiapas as well as the presence that gradually increases in several pages, blogs and social networks.

  13. Cabral Martins, Fernando (2008. Dicionário de Fernando Pessoa e do modernismo português. Lisboa: Caminho; 959 pp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmina Markič

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Fernando Pessoa es, sin duda alguna, uno de los mayores poetas portugueses y europeos. En noviembre 2008 fue publicado un extenso libro, una especie de enciclopedia, intitulado Dicionário de Fernando Pessoa e do Modernismo Português. Fernando Cabral Martins, profesor de literatura y cultura portuguesas en la universidad lisboeta Universidade Nova de Lisboa, traductor y ensayista, editor de antologías literarias y autor de estudios sobre los modernistas portugueses, en especial sobre Fernando Pessoa, Mario de Sá Carneiro y Almada Negreiros, es el editor y uno de los autores de esta obra.

  14. Judíos, indios y el mito del crimen ritual. El caso de Chamula, Chiapas, 1868

    OpenAIRE

    Misgav Har Peled

    2015-01-01

    Entre 1867 y 1869 se vivió en Los Altos de Chiapas la rebelión de los indios chamulas contra los ladinos de San Cristóbal de Las Casas conocida como Guerra de Castas. Según la historia oficial, los indígenas crucificaron el Viernes Santo de 1868 a un niño de dicha comunidad tsotsil. Este hecho puede compararse con la “leyenda de sangre” imputada a los judíos, y su transferencia a los indios suscita preguntarse si se trata de un suceso aislado, o si responde a una lógica que vincula al indio s...

  15. Migrantes tzotziles en la vertiente del mezcalapa y el corazón zoque de Chiapas, 1890-1940

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    María del Rocío Ortiz Herrera

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available La migración de tzotziles de Los Altos de Chiapas al Soconusco y Motozintla, a finales del siglo XIX y principios del XX para incorporarse a plantaciones y fincas cafetaleras ha sido objeto de numerosos trabajos. Pocos esfuerzos se han hecho para comprender la migración que en esos años emprendieron familias tzotziles a otras regiones del estado. Este texto pretende aportar elementos para comprender otras rutas de la migración tzotzil de finales del siglo XIX y principios del XX, en particular la que realizaron algunas familias originarias de San Juan Chamula a los pueblos de Tapilula y Coapilla.

  16. Caracterizacion del sistema agrosilvopastoril en la Depresion Central de Chiapas

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ramirez-Marcial, N; Rueda-Perez, M.L; Ferguson, B.G; Jimenez-Ferrer, G

    2012-01-01

    A traves de talleres participativos, se analizo la importancia de algunos arboles para el manejo de los sistemas productivos en una comunidad zoque, del municipio de Ocozocuautla de Espinosa, Chiapas (Mexico...

  17. Differentiated transcriptional signatures in the maize landraces of Chiapas, Mexico

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kost, Matthew A; Perales, Hugo R; Wijeratne, Saranga; Wijeratne, Asela J; Stockinger, Eric; Mercer, Kristin L

    2017-01-01

    .... Here we employ RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) to understand the role that conditions that vary across a landscape may have played in shaping genetic diversity in the maize landraces of Chiapas, Mexico...

  18. Helminth parasites of freshwater fish in Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salgado-Maldonado, Guillermo; Caspeta-Mandujano, Juan Manuel; Moravec, František; Soto-Galera, Eduardo; Rodiles-Hernández, Rocío; Cabañas-Carranza, Guillermina; Montoya-Mendoza, Jesús

    2011-01-01

    An inventory based on previously published records and original data is presented for the helminth parasites reported in 54 fish species from 17 families from the state of Chiapas, southeast Mexico. This survey reports the presence of 43 helminth species in Chiapas for the first time. The actualized inventory of helminth parasites of freshwater fish from Chiapas contains 88 species from 67 genera and 40 helminth families. Trematodes and nematodes were the most abundant taxonomic groups. The helminth fauna in freshwater fishes from Chiapas consists of Central American species. All the helminth species recorded in Chiapas have also been collected from bodies of freshwater between the Isthmus of Tehuantepec and the Isthmus of Panama. This inventory shows that this fauna is quite similar to that from the neighboring basins of the lower Grijalva-Usumacinta system and the Yucatan Peninsula. The taxonomic composition and distribution data reported here for the helminth fauna of Chiapas' freshwater fish, contribute to a better understanding of this faunal component in Central America.

  19. Journalists' working conditions in Chiapas/ La condición laboral del periodista en Chiapas

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    Ddo. Hugo A. Villar Pinto; hvillar@unach.mx

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Even if they are at the center of the opinion and the information, journalists are not well-known. In fact, we know little about them: their salary, the relationships they establish with their sources, the values they profess, their level of education, their social security benefits and their work routines. In the absence of studies about journalists in the context of Chiapas, Mexico, this work aims to investigate the conditions under which journalists perform, the average salary they receive, their benefits and the social organizations they belong to. In Chiapas, there are approximately 300 journalists; the remaining employees are sometimes involved in the tasks of information and opinion. We have focused on these 300 journalists in order to do this project. They have become the object of our study. We surveyed 158 journalists who live in different parts of the state and, afterwards, we interviewed 88 of them. The article shows the workings conditions in which the Chiapas journalists perform their job: low wages and little support from their companies to carry out their task of providing information.Aunque están en el centro de la opinión y de la información, los periodistas son poco conocidos. Se sabe escasamente de ellos: salarios, relaciones que establecen con sus fuentes, valores que profesan, grados de estudio, prestaciones sociales y rutinas laborales. Ante la inexistencia de estudios sobre el periodista chiapaneco en el contexto de Chiapas, México, este trabajo tiene como objetivo indagar las condiciones en que se desempeña el periodista, el salario promedio que percibe, prestaciones sociales y las organizaciones a las que pertenece.El número aproximado de periodistas en Chiapas es de 300; el restante son colaboradores que participan ocasionalmente en las labores de información y opinión. En esos 300 nos hemos centrado para hacer este trabajo. Ellos fueron nuestro objeto de estudio. Encuestamos a 158 comunicadores que viven en

  20. Competencies in Community Instructors who Provide Service to the Indigenous Peoples of the State of Chiapas

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    Marcela Georgina Gómez Zermeño

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available This article shows the results of an exploratory-descriptive study on intercultural competencies in community instructors of the National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE providing service in the Modality of Educational Attention to the Indigenous Population (MAEPI in the region of San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas. It describes the historical background of Indian education in Mexico, and the contributions to community education, and develops concepts regarding intercultural education and intercultural competencies. The research methodology adopted a mixed method based on a non-experimental, trans-sectional and naturalistic ethnographic design of convergent triangulation. The conclusions outline the need to strengthen teacher training so as to build an educational model that would fully incorporate the intercultural approach.

  1. JoGOS COM A PALAVRA: VIEIRA E FERNANDO PESSOA

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    Lélia Pereira Duarte

    1998-03-01

    Full Text Available Procura-se estabelecer um paralelo entre os Sermões de Vieira c apoesia de Fernando Pessoa, na tentativa de demonstrar que Vieiraconfigura em seu discurso uma palavra plena capaz de servir aos seusobjetivos retóricos de crença nas possibilidades de estabelecimento doQuinto Império, enquanto Fernando Pessoa deixa entrever em sua poesiauma nova perspectiva em que a linguagem é máscara vazia, palcoonde o artista pode encenar e fingir, para criar um sentido que nuncapoderá ser fixado, tornando inevitável a consciência da perda não só doQuinto, mas de todos os impérios sonhados.

  2. An approach to fernando savater’s enlightened humanism

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    Marta Nogueroles Jové

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a description of the third stage of the intelectual career of Fernando Savater. This phase, thats starts with the publication of Ética como amor propio (1988 is characterized by a strong defense of enlightenment humanismo. In this article we review the principal foundations of the savaterian humanism: ethics of self-esteem, individualism, education, democray, Human rights and universal philosophy

  3. Archivos personales en Cuba: el fondo Fernando Ortiz

    OpenAIRE

    Lic. María del Rosario Díaz Rodríguez

    2013-01-01

    The personal Collection of the polygraph Fernando Ortiz is one of the most valuable and representative archival documentary sets of the Cuban heritage. This research exposes the Collection within the universe of personal files. From the archive recognition phase, the subject is analyzed and the documentation is characterized. It is suggested, from its division and dissemination in not archival institutions after the death of his mentor, the possibility of the restoration of ...

  4. Archivos personales en Cuba: el fondo Fernando Ortiz

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    Lic. María del Rosario Díaz Rodríguez

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The personal Collection of the polygraph Fernando Ortiz is one of the most valuable and representative archival documentary sets of the Cuban heritage. This research exposes the Collection within the universe of personal files. From the archive recognition phase, the subject is analyzed and the documentation is characterized. It is suggested, from its division and dissemination in not archival institutions after the death of his mentor, the possibility of the restoration of the original structure.

  5. Comportamiento etológico de bovinos en sistemas silvopastoriles en Chiapas, México Ethological performance of cattle in silvopastoral systems of Chiapas, Mexico

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    E Pérez

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available En el Centro Agropecuario de Capacitación y Desarrollo Sustentable San Antonio, en el municipio Chiapa de Corzo, Estado de Chiapas, México, se desarrolló esta investigación con el objetivo de determinar el efecto del uso. de árboles forrajeros en el comportamiento etológico de bovinos en condiciones de pastoreo intensivo. Se utiliza­ron 12 toretes encastados (Suizo x Cebú, con un peso vivo promedio de 157±3 kg, en un diseño completamente al azar con dos tratamientos (T1: Sistema silvopastoril y T2: Sistema monocultivo y seis repeticiones. El estrato herbáceo estaba formado por Panicum maximum var. Tanzania, en ambos sitios. Con relación al tiempo que los animales destinaban a la actividad de pastoreo, no se encontraron diferencias significativas entre tratamientos. Se observó una menor temperatura durante las horas de la mañana y la tarde en el sistema silvopastoril (23,9 y 26,6°C, en comparación con el sistema en monocultivo (26,4 y 28,1°C. Entre las variables pastoreo y tempera­tura in situ se encontró una correlación negativa en ambos sistemas, pero más marcada en el T2 (R=-0,41166­P=0,0003 que en el T1 (R=-0,28453-P=0,0154. Sin embargo, la tasa de crecimiento mostró diferencias signifi­cativas (PIn the San Antonio Agricultural Center of Training and Sustainable Development, in the Chiapa de Corzo municipality, Chiapas State, Mexico, this study was developed with the objective of determining the effect of the use of forage trees on the ethological performance of cattle under intensive grazing conditions. Twelve young bulls wee used (Swiss x Zebu, with an average live weight of 157±3 kg, in a completely randomized design with two treatments (T1: Silvopastoral system and T2: Monocrop system and six repetitions. The herbaceous stratum was formed by Panicum maximum var. Tanzania, in both sites. Regarding the time the animals destined to the grazing activity, no significant differences were found between treatments. A

  6. O eu, o outro e a ética da alteridade: um diálogo intertextual entre Fernando Pessoa e Caio Fernando Abreu

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    Anselmo Peres Alós

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Neste trabalho, analisamos uma obra literária portuguesa (O marinheiro, de Fernando Pessoa e uma outra, brasileira (O marinheiro, conto escrito por Caio Fernando Abreu. Para estabelecer relações inter-literárias entre estes dois textos, utilizamos o conceito de intertextualidade, desenvolvido por Julie Kristeva (1969. No final deste artigo, mostramos que, nos dois textos, há a proposta de um projeto ético e, ao mesmo tempo, estético, presente na produção artísticas destes dois escritores.Palavras-chave: Literatura comparada; literatura portuguesa; Fernando Pessoa; O Marinheiro; literatura brasileira; Caio Fernando Abreu; O Marinheiro; intertextualidade.Résumé: Dans ce travail, nous analysons un uvrage littéraire portugais (O marinheiro, de Fernando Pessoa et un conte brésilien (O marinheiro, conto escrito por Caio Fernando Abreu. Pour étudier les relations interlittéraires entre ces deux textes, nous utilisons le concept d’intertextualité développé par Julie Kristeva (1969. À la fin de cet article, nous montrons que, dans les deux textes, il y a la proposition d’un projet éthique et esthétique, présent dans la production artistique des deux écrivains.Mots-clés: Littérature comparée; littérature portugaise; Fernando Pessoa; O marinheiro; littérature brésilienne; Caio Fernando Abreu; O marinheiro; intertextualité.Keywords: Comparative literature; Portuguese literature; Fernando Pessoa; O marinheiro; Brazilian literature; Caio Fernando Abreu; O marinheiro; intertextuality.

  7. Vías para la articulación de la investigación en educación médica en la Facultad de Medicina de San Fernando con la investigación en recursos humanos en el Perú

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    Pedro Jesús Mendoza Arana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: En investigaciones previas se ha identificado la desarticulación entre la acción investigadora de la Universidad, y las prioridades de investigación o necesidades de conocimiento, entre otros campos, en el de la educación médica y la investigación educacional en salud, lo que resta aplicabilidad a los resultados de las investigaciones. Objetivos: Identificar factores explicativos de la desarticulación entre la investigación en educación médica en la Facultad de Medicina, y la investigación en recursos humanos en salud en el país. Diseño: Estudio de caso cualitativo. Institución: Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (UNMSM, Lima, Perú. Participantes: Informantes de la universidad y de la autoridad sanitaria nacional. Métodos: El estudio se basó en entrevistas semiestructuradas a informantes clave tanto de la universidad como de la autoridad sanitaria nacional. Principales medidas de resultados: Factores explicativos de desarticulación. Resultados: Los factores explicativos de la desarticulación entre la investigación en educación médica en la Facultad de Medicina y la investigación en recursos humanos en salud en el país fueron: a Una cultura de investigación dependiente de los recursos universitarios, que son escasos para investigaciones de mayor envergadura como los requeridos por el Ministerio de Salud (MINSA; b Para el MINSA, la UNMSM es una entidad de baja visibilidad; sus publicaciones en el campo de Recursos Humanos no son conocidas; c La investigación sanmarquina se visualiza como fruto de esfuerzos individuales, no de la existencia de equipos de investigación. Conclusiones: Las líneas de investigación consistentes con la experiencia e intereses de los investigadores de la Facultad de Medicina, enmarcadas en las prioridades de investigación de recursos humanos en Salud en el Perú, fueron a la articulación de la formación en pregrado de los recursos humanos en salud

  8. Fernando Cruz Kronfly and the fractured time of Destierro

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    Simón Henao-Jaramillo

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies Fernando Cruz Kronfly´s novel Destierro (2012 through categories like anachronism, presenteism and memory (Didi-Huberman, Hartog, Benjamin, among others in order to investigate the particular way in which the novel temporalizes the experience of exile. Destierro part from a present that, in perpetual motion, leading to a present of the already-gone, a narrative temporality made by absences. The time in this temporality and its links generated produces what we called ghost community, a kind of community which govern relations between that remains present and what does not.

  9. Juego ceremonial, fiesta cruel: del Living Theatre a Fernando Arrabal

    OpenAIRE

    Pujante González, Domingo

    2001-01-01

    Partiendo del concepto de crueldad aplicado al teatro y defendido por Antonin Artaud y de las teorías de Roger Caillois sobre el juego y lo sagrado, pretendemos –desde una perspectiva comparatista– analizar, por un lado, una ética existencial que asocia teatro y vida y, por otro, una estética sacrificial y ritual presente en las representaciones vanguardistas de todo el mundo durante los años 1960-1970, centrando la atención en Jerzy Grotowski, el Living Theatre y particularmente en Fernando ...

  10. El espejo sombrío por Fernando Soto Aparicio

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    Agustín Rodríguez Garavito

    1967-07-01

    Full Text Available Fernando Soto Aparicio ha publicado un nuevo libro. Atrás quedan: Oración Personal a Jesucristo, poemas publicados en 1959; Tránsito de la Doncella, (poemas 1960: Diámetro del Corazón, poemas 1964 y otros. Y las siguiente novelas: "Los Bienaventurados", "La Rebelión de las Ratas, (que oportunamente comentamos en esta Sección. un volumen de cuentos; "Solamente la vida.,, El Viento oscuro de la Cólera y "Mientras llueve".

  11. Fernando Huarte Morton (1921-2011): libro homenaje

    OpenAIRE

    Santos Aramburo, Ana; Gállego Rubio, María Cristina; Díez Hoyo, Mª del Carmen; Armas Ranero, Isabel de; Taladriz Más, Margarita; Torres Santo Domingo, Marta; Ramírez Ovelar, Juan Antonio; Rodríguez del Corral, Covadonga; Corral, Milagros del; García Melero, Luis Ángel; Vian Herrero, Ángeles; Antón Luaces, Carmen; Cerrón Paz, Margarita; Iglesias Frías, Mª Dolores; Belmonte Martínez, Isabel

    2011-01-01

    La figura de Fernando Huarte Morton (1921-2011) tiene un gran significado para el mundo de las bibliotecas, el libro antiguo y la bibliografía española y goza de un profundo respeto, simpatía y admiración para todos aquellos que le conocieron y trataron personalmente. Desarrolló la mayor parte de su carrera profesional en la Biblioteca de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid, de la que fue director entre 1975 y 1986, contribuyendo a su modernización desde varios ámbitos: el reconocimiento...

  12. Chiapas and the Zapatistas: Filling in the Picture

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    Gemma van der Haar

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available – Mayan lives, Mayan Utopias: The Indigenous Peoples of Chiapas and the Zapatista Rebellion, edited by Jan Rus, Rosalva Aída Hernández Castillo, and Shannan L. Mattiace. Lanham etc: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 2003. – To See with Two Eyes: Peasant Activism and Indian Autonomy in Chiapas, Mexico, by Shannan L. Mattiace. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2003. – Mayan Suffering, Mayan Rights: Faith and Citizenship among Catholic Tzotziles in Highland Chiapas, Mexico, by Heidi Moksnes. Göteborg: Göteborg University, 2003. – Uprising of Hope: Sharing the Zapatista Journey to Alternative Development, by Duncan Earle and Jeanne Simonelli. Walnut Creek etc: Altamira Press, 2005.

  13. Emergencia protestante y disidencia religiosa en Chiapas

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    Rodolfo Casillas R.

    1988-09-01

    Full Text Available Chiapas es una entidad con viejos problemas de tenencia de la tierra y de antidemocracia, con grupos de poder cerrados, para quienes una modernización capitalista es una especie de socialismo disfrazado. Desde esta óptica, las expresiones religiosas de los conflictos sociales internos se presentan como producto exclusivo de las diferencias confesionales; al desarticular la discrepancia religiosa, de paso se pretende desarticular la inconformidad social. El objetivo de este ensayo es desarrollar algunos elementos, tanto empíricos como de reflexión que respondan a las fuertes interrogantes surgidas ante la emergencia de diversas sectas protestantes y su influencia negativa o positiva, en medio de estas comunidades. Lo que ocurre actualmente con algunos organismos confesionales reclama un estudio serio e inmediato, general y de investigaciones de caso y se espera que la sociedad genere nuevas condiciones que garanticen la tolerancia social y la preservación de los derechos fundamentales de los mexicanos y residentes en el país.

  14. Miocene mollusks from the Simojovel area in Chiapas, southwestern Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    del Carmen Perrilliat, María; Vega, Francisco J.; Coutiño, Marco A.

    2010-11-01

    The fauna of gastropods and bivalves from the amber-bearing lithostratigraphic units of the Simojovel area, Chiapas is reported, including the description of two new species and one subspecies: Turbinella maya new species, Melongena corona tzeltal new subspecies and Agladrillia ( Eumetadrillia) vermeiji new species. Stratigraphic affinities of the previously described species suggest an Early Miocene age for the Mazantic Shale, and a Middle Miocene age for the overlying Balumtum Sandstone. One specimen of gastropod, with a relatively large piece of amber attached to the adapertural part of the shell is representative for an Early Miocene age and estuarine paleoenvironmental interpretation for the Mazantic Shale. Mollusca, Miocene, Chiapas, Amber, Mexico.

  15. Fernando Rosas Pfingsthorn, Premio Nacional de Arte en Música 2006 Fernando Rosas Pfingsthorn, National Arts Prize in Music 2006

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    Carmen Peña Fuenzalida

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta un perfil de la actividad musical desarrollada por Fernando Rosas Pfingsthorn desde que inició su trayectoria en la década de 1950 hasta la actualidad. Se destaca su contribución en la dirección y creación de orquestas de cámara y la labor de proyección de estos conjuntos en el extranjero; la consolidación de programas académicos de formación de músicos; la promoción y apoyo a la fundación de orquestas juveniles e infantiles a lo largo de todo el país, y la participación en proyectos institucionales y privados de difusión musical, dirigidos a diversos públicos y materializados en temporadas de conciertos, festivales, programas de radio y de televisión, entre otros, gracias a una efectiva gestión culturalThis article is focused on the entire career of Fernando Rosas (born 1931 from its beginning in the decade of 1950, until the present day. During almost sixty years, Fernando Rosas has been known as conductor of chamber orchestras, many of which were created by him, and which became widely known throughout Chile and abroad thanks to his great capacity as organizer. He won the National Arts Prize in 2006 considering besides his outstanding achievements as head of academic programs for music students, his promoting and support of youth and children orchestras throughout the country, and his efficient organization of musical extension projects targeted to different audiences on both public and private basis. A significant growth of musical activity in Chile, in terms of concert seasons, music festivals, radio and television broadcasting, among others, is due to his effective leadership

  16. Homenaje al Dr. Fernando Merino Niño

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    Lisbeth Berrueta

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available encuentra tu pasión y hazla posible, dale un propósito a tu vida por encima de todo; que la motivación por alcanzar tus metas sea siempre mayor que el temor al fracaso” Anónimo FERNANDO MERINO NINO (1946-2011 DEDICO SU VIDA A SU PASION MÁS GRANDE: LA INVESTIGACION. Nació en España y a los 7 años de edad se mudó con su familia a Caracas, Venezuela, en donde creció y se obtuvo su título de Médico Cirujano a los 22 años de edad, en las aulas de la ilustre Universidad Central de Venezuela (UCV. Posteriormente, continuo su formación académica en Búfalo en el estado de Nueva York, USA, donde obtuvo el grado de Doctor en Ciencias y luego regresa a Venezuela e inicia su carrera como investigador en el Centro de Medicina Experimental del Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas (IVIC y paralelamente como profesor de la UCV adscrito al Instituto Anatomopatológico de la Universidad Central de Venezuela. Fernando

  17. Identidades y tendencias migratorias desde la pesca en Chiapas y Tabasco

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    Práxedes Muñoz-Sánchez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de una etnografía, se revisan las nociones migratorias de los pobladores de dos regiones pesqueras en el sureste de México: Arriaga, estado de Chiapas, en la Costa del Pacífico, y La Barra de San Pedro, estado de Tabasco, en la Costa del Golfo de México, así como sus identidades y tendencias. La costa de Arriaga se localiza en una región de ámbito pesquero y paso fronterizo hacia Estados Unidos; por su parte, La Barra de San Pedro ha sido un lugar receptor de población veracruzana desde 1980 y en la actualidad laboralmente activa en la pesquería artesanal de mediana altura, compartiendo un espacio marino con la explotación petrolera. Como territorios de economía pesquera, observamos realidades, migración y tendencias en jóvenes de familias de pescadores, quienes con identidades similares y diferencias regionales están revirtiendo en el futuro de la pesca las intenciones de que perdure esta actividad y sus necesidades migratorias.

  18. Dipterofauna do arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha (Pernambuco, Brasil Dipterofauna of Fernando de Noronha (Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Márcia Souto Couri

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho registra alguns dípteros da ilha de Fernando de Noronha (Pernambuco, Brasil, apresentando a riqueza das espécies e sua abundância. O material examinado foi coletado em julho de 1973. Oito famílias de Diptera, em um total de 11.515 indivíduos foram estudadas. Entre as famílias encontradas as sete seguintes são novos registros: Calliphoridae, Muscidae, Fanniidae, Stratiomyidae, Sepsidae, Otitidae e Tabanidae. As três primeiras e os Sarcophagidae (previamente registrada foram identificadas até o nível de espécie. As famílias mais abundantes foram Sepsidae e Calliphoridae com mais de 80% do total coletado, tendo Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabricius, 1775 como espécie dominante.This paper records some Diptera from the island of Fernando de Noronha (Pernambuco, Brazil, presenting the richness of species and their abundance. The material studied was collected in July 1973. Eight families of Diptera in a total of 11,515 specimens were studied. Among the families the following seven are new records: Calliphoridae, Muscidae, Fanniidae, Stratiomyidae, Sepsidae, Otitidae and Tabanidae. The first three and the Sarcophagidae (previously recorded were identified to species level. The most abundant families were Sepsidae and Calliphoridae with more than 80% of the total collected, having Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabricius, 1775, as the dominant species.

  19. A educação no governo de Fernando Henrique Cardoso Education in the government of Fernando Henrique Cardoso

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    Eunice Ribeiro Durham

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho apresenta a evolução do sistema educacional durante o governo Fernando Henrique Cardoso, no contexto das transformações ocorridas na última década. Os dados demonstram o nítido progresso ocorrido na educação básica; o artigo analisa as políticas educacionais implementadas e as transformações ocorridas no sistema neste período. Parte especial é dedicada ao ensino superior, na qual se mostra a permanência da crise que afeta as instituições públicas, particularmente as federais, e os avanços registrados nos processos de avaliação do sistema.This work presents the evolution of the educational system during the government of Fernando Henrique Cardoso, in the context of the transformations occurred in the last decade. The data demonstrates a clear progress in elementary education and the article analyses the implemented educational policy and the transformation, which occurred in the system during this time. A special part is dedicated to College, and it is demonstrated the existence of a crisis which affects the public institutions, mainly the Federal ones. It also shows the headway in the process of evaluation of the system.

  20. Insufficient Language Education Policy: Intercultural Bilingual Education in Chiapas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Ofelia; Velasco, Patricia

    2012-01-01

    Based on ethnographic fieldwork research of the authors in schools in Chiapas, Mexico, the article provides an overview of efforts being made to address the unique educational needs of Mexico's Indigenous populations through intercultural bilingual education programs. The article examines the Indigenous teachers' commitment to intercultural…

  1. Democratization "from Below" and Popular Culture: Teachers from Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Street, Susan

    1996-01-01

    In the early 1980s, public school teachers in Chiapas, Mexico, organized themselves in a dissident mass movement aimed at democratizing their participation in union affairs and restructuring the relations of domination and subordination affecting their work lives. Macro-level analysis focuses on union corruption situated within an authoritarian…

  2. Democracia y ética: Una entrevista con Fernando Savater

    OpenAIRE

    Bienvenido Argueta Hernández

    2004-01-01

    El 29 de octubre de 2003 el académico Fernando Savater ofreció una conferencia sobre “La ética de la desesperanza” para la entrega de los Premios a la Comunicación que organiza anualmente el Fondo de las Naciones Unidas para la Infancia -UNICEF-/Guatemala. Savater quién es uno de los filósofos y escritores más importantes en España, tiene una amplia publicación de obras relacionadas con la problemática de la ética, la política, las humanidades y la educación. Entre sus principales obras se en...

  3. Fernando Vallejo: El ángel del apocalipsis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Martínez

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available Debo comenzar por decir que Fernando Vallejo, el escritor colombiano que se hizo famoso por su magistral obra sobre la vida de Barba Jacob, no es ningún santo. Músico, cineasta y viajero impenitente, su compleja y prolífica obra, hoy es piedra de escándalo y motivo de las más exacerbadas contradicciones, que van desde un análisis justo y objetivo de su obra hasta la condena moral y filistea , como se puede observar en Medellín , su ciudad natal, donde todos los días -como dice Antonin Artaud- la gente come vagina cocinada con salsa verde.

  4. Fernando Vallejo,  Almas en pena chapolas negras

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel García

    2012-01-01

    En uno de sus aforismos Ciorán se pregunta por qué no ha sido un motivo de suicidio para nadie el solo hecho de pensar que otro escribiría su biografía. Fernando Vallejo, por su parte, reconoce la miseria de este género espurio y no puede imaginarse un oficio peor que el de los biógrafos, « metidos en archivos y bibliotecas entre papeles polvosos, viejos, viviendo las infamias del pasado », más muertos que los muertos. La anécdota que abre Almas en pena chapolas negras, la biografía de José A...

  5. Académico Fernando Serpa Flórez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Felix Patiño Restrepo

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Brillante, generoso, noble, escritor prolífico, un completo caballero, Fernando Serpa Flórez fue el prototipo del médico intelectual, humanista y humanitario. Su vocación por la salud pública lo llevó a ocupar altos cargos en el ramo: Secretario General del Ministerio de Salud, Secretario de Salud de Bogotá, Director del Instituto Nacional de Salud, Director del Ministerio de Salud y Ministro Encargado de Salud. Como Asesor de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, trabajó en Afganistán en el programa de erradicación de la viruela.
    Fue médico, jefe de Ecopetrol. Desde su elevada posición como Magistrado del Tribunal Nacional de Etica Médica, y con el ejemplo de su vida personal, como uno de los miembros más distinguidos de la Academia Nacional de Medicina, Fernando Serpa Flórez ocupa un lugar de particular distinción en la historia
    contemporánea de la medicina colombiana.

    Tuve el privilegio de su amistad por más de medio siglo, como condiscípulo en la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional y luego a través de los años compartiendo afectos e intereses. Me acompaño con talento, lealtad y dedicación como Director del Ministerio cuando ocupé el cargo de Ministro en el Gobierno del eximio Presidente Guillermo León Valencia. Para quienes lo conocimos de cerca, este vástago de
    una brillante familia de médicos, sobrevivirá en nuestra memoria y en sus obras...

  6. 78 FR 13748 - Environmental Impact Statement for the East San Fernando Valley Transit Corridor Project, Los...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-28

    ... Alternative, Transportation System Management (TSM) Alternative, and build alternatives, which include... of environmental analysis. Transportation System Management (TSM) Alternative: The TSM Alternative... frequencies or minor modifications to the roadway network or traffic control systems. The TSM Alternative...

  7. Lazaretos, historia y proyectos en la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando (Parte I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juana María Balsalobre García

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Las epidemias en las ciudades del siglo XIX han sido estudiadas en múltiples trabajos y con diversas e interesantes perspectivas. También hay algunas sobre lazaretos, pero la que aquí se presenta tiene como enfoque singular, el hecho de Intentar establecer relaciones, en unas circunstancias históricas, con los planteamientos arquitectónicos teóricaprácticos del edificio llamado lazareto. Gracias al análisis de unas fuentes documentales inéditas, que tienen una indudable importancia para acercarnos a la visión de la época y a la del edificio. Especialmente de las últimas décadas del siglo xviii y las primeras del siglo XIX.Epidemics in the cities of the 19th century have been the subject of many studies which have diverse and interesting perspectives. There are also some (STUDIES about lazaretos, but the ene presented here, has as its main focus, the possible link between historical events and theoretical-practical architecture. It is through the analysis of valuable unpublished documents, that we can achieve a better understanding of that time and of the building. Especially of the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries.

  8. Lazaretos, historia y proyectos en la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando (II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juana María Balsalobre García

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Aunque su interés ya lia sido expresado en la primera parte del tema, aquí se trata de conjugar la aproximación histórica, acerca del lazareto, establecida por la historiografía, con la relevancia y características de unos proyectos arquitectónicos. En los que destacan los manuscritos escritos por los arquitectos y la importante parte gráfica de sus planos. Con el análisis de esas fuentes documentales se pretende mostrar la imagen académica y también la tipológica. Todos ellos son eslabones de nuestra arquitectura en las décadas centrales del siglo XIX.Although interest has already been expressed in the first part of this article, here the aim is to combine the histórica! details about the lazareto, which have been discovered by studying history, with the relevance and characteristics ofsome architectural projects. Amongst these projects, manuscripts written by architects and their important plans, stand out the most. By analysing these documents one aims to show both the academic image and also the model. These are all links to our architecture from the middie ofthe 19t century.

  9. Judíos, indios y el mito del crimen ritual. El caso de Chamula, Chiapas, 1868

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Misgav Har Peled

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Entre 1867 y 1869 se vivió en Los Altos de Chiapas la rebelión de los indios chamulas contra los ladinos de San Cristóbal de Las Casas conocida como Guerra de Castas. Según la historia oficial, los indígenas crucificaron el Viernes Santo de 1868 a un niño de dicha comunidad tsotsil. Este hecho puede compararse con la “leyenda de sangre” imputada a los judíos, y su transferencia a los indios suscita preguntarse si se trata de un suceso aislado, o si responde a una lógica que vincula al indio salvaje con el judío como el asesino del Hijo de Dios.

  10. La gubernamentalidad en lugares turísticos. Los casos de Christiania, Dinamarca, y San Cristóbal de las Casas, México

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Velázquez, Mario; Clausen, Helene Balslev

    2016-01-01

    The article analyzes conflicts over the use of place between a community and the State. We address two specific cases: Christiania in Copenhagen (Denmark) and San Cristobal de las Casas in Chiapas (Mexico) where significant social protests or cultural revolutions have taken place. In Christiania we...

  11. La gubernamentalidad en lugares turísticos. Los casos de Christiania, Dinamarca, y San Cristóbal de las Casas, México

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Velázquez, Mario; Clausen, Helene Balslev

    2016-01-01

    The article analyzes conflicts over the use of place between a community and the State. We address two specific cases: Christiania in Copenhagen (Denmark) and San Cristobal de las Casas in Chiapas (Mexico) where significant social protests or cultural revolutions have taken place. In Christiania ...

  12. Miradas al último espejo: La despedida de Fernando Ortiz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Bianchi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In his latest book, Miradas al último espejo, Fernando Ortiz remembers people and places of their own existence. He reflects on poetry and emphasizes the importance of tradition. The past lives in words of beauty and emotion, which break the distance between past and present. The soothing power of the verses, sarcasm and irony, relieve resignation over time. The only certainty is life as a journey for the pilgrim. So enjoy the pleasures of this world including undoubtedly love. He conceives the poet's work likes the search for truth. In Miradas al último espejo, Ortiz provides relief from his poetry, says goodbye and thanks the life in a Cervantes wayFiel a los temas recurrentes en sus hondos versos elegíacos, en su último libro Miradas al último espejo, Fernando Ortiz recuerda las personas y los lugares de su existencia, canta los efectos del paso del tiempo y la precariedad de la vida, reflexiona sobre la poesía haciendo hincapié en el papel fundamental de la tradición. Lo que pertenece al pasado sobrevive aquí en unas palabras llenas de belleza y emoción, que pretenden abatir la barrera entre el hoy y el ayer: las distintas épocas se mezclan en el sentir de Ortiz y concurren juntas a guiarlo hasta el punto final. El poder lenitivo de los versos, el sarcasmo y la ironía alivian la resignación ante el fluir temporal y le ayudan a aceptar el disgregarse del ser humano en su rápido recorrido por la vida. La única certeza del peregrino es su viaje, razón por la que tiene que aprovecharlo, mostrando gratitud y gozando de los placeres de este mundo entre los que prima indudablemente el amor. Concibiendo la ardua tarea del poeta como una búsqueda de la verdad para transmitirla en sus versos, en Miradas al último espejo Ortiz avisa a sus lectores del destino que todos compartimos, aconseja sobre cómo actuar a lo largo del camino, ofrece el alivio de su poesía y se despide 'con cervantino agradecimiento de la vida'

  13. Agricultura urbana familiar en una ciudad media en Chiapas. Implicaciones para la sustentabilidad urbana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Araceli Calderón Cisneros

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La investigación tuvo por objetivo analizar cuál es el papel de la agricultura urbana familiar en la construcción de la sustentabilidad en una ciudad media, tomando como caso de estudio a San Cristóbal de Las Casas en Chiapas. La metodología se basó en el diseño de una investigación cualitativa, basada principalmente en entrevistas abiertas y estructuradas, que permitiera abordar la sustentabilidad de la agricultura urbana desde la perspectiva de la resiliencia socioecológica. En el trabajo se encontraron los siguientes resultados: los sistemas agrícolas visitados presentan características que favorecen la resiliencia y la sustentabilidad en la ciudad: las familias cultivan hortalizas, frutales y otras plantas comestibles, y crían animales menores, optimizando el espacio, fuerza de trabajo y tiempo disponible. Predomina un bajo uso de insumos externos y químicos, el aprovechamiento y reciclaje de residuos domésticos, y el manejo germoplasma local. La limitación que se detectó fue que, aunque el aporte de la propia producción al consumo familiar es muy bajo, existen motivaciones alimentarias, ambientales y socio-culturales que animan su continuidad. Se concluye que el aporte de la agricultura urbana para la sustentabilidad en las ciudades medias, tiene como base las experiencias productivas y recursos locales, considerando su vinculación regional.

  14. Retorcer el tiempo: Fernando Bryce y el arte de historia = Twisting the time: Fernando Bryce’s art of history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Hernández Navarro

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Durante las últimas dos décadas, toda una generación de artistas se ha interesado por el pasado actuando como virtuales historiadores: investigando, trabajando con documentos primarios y promoviendo visiones críticas de la historia. Este artículo examina la obra del artista peruano Fernando Bryce bajo ese prisma del «arte de historia». A través de un particular método de trabajo, que el artista ha llamado «análisis mimético», Bryce reflexiona sobre la construcción de la historia, la geopolítica, la identidad en Latinoamérica, sobre todo en Perú, los conflictos bélicos del siglo XX o incluso de la vigencia y genealogía del pensamiento revolucionario. Con una estética aparentemente de archivo, Bryce selecciona documentos que posteriormente copia en tinta china sobre papel para construir nuevas lecturas de la historia. Su selección, descontextualización, visualización de historias pasadas y olvidadas contribuye a traer el pasado al presente. Y su método de trabajo –el copiado anacrónico de documentos, la performance de la historia, su repetición «trastornada»– retuerce el tiempo y cuestiona los discursos hegemónicos acerca del pasado.Over the last two decades, a whole generation of artists approach to the past as if they themselves were historians: investigating, working with primary documents and promoting a critical engagement with history. This article considers the work of Peruvian artist Fernando Bryce through the prism of this «art of history». Using a particular work method—which the artist has dubbed «Mimetic analysis»—Bryce reflects on the construction of history, geopolitics, identity in Latin America, particularly in Peru, the armed conflicts of the 20th century or even the validity and genealogy of revolutionary thinking. With an archive-like aesthetics, Bryce selects documents that he subsequently copies in ink on paper in order to construct new readings of history. His selection

  15. Fernando Henrique Cardoso: The Astuzia Fortunata of Brazil’s Sociologist-President La Astuzia Fortunata de Fernando Henrique Cardoso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Whitehead

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Even in the Renaissance, there were not that many Renaissance men. But if it was hard to live many lives in one even for the best placed of Renaissance Europe it is surely harder in contemporary republican Brazil. And yet Fernando Henrique Cardoso or FHC achieved it. How was this possible and at what cost in terms of conflict between the different specialized roles he occupied? What does this tell us about “politics as a vocation” in twenty-first century democratic Brazil? And what light does it shed on the scope for and limit of political leadership in contemporary democracies? To understand how choices are made we need to consider what motivated the career; what baggage the leader brought into office; what team of ministers were assembled and how their talents were used; what rivals (or enemies spurred the leader into self-definition; what ethics were in play. These strands are not arbitrary or beyond systematic analysis. They are what mostly explain how democratic leaders behave, one of the most vital dimension of democratic performance. Fernando Henrique Cardoso o FHC puede ser considerado un hombre del Renacimiento en el Brasil contemparáneo republicano. ¿Cómo es posible y a cual costo en forma de conflicto entre los diferentes roles especializados que ocupó? ¿Qué nos puede decir sobre "la política como una vocación" en el Brasil democrático del siglo veintiuno y sobre el margen o límite del liderazgo político en democracias contemporáneas? Para entender las deciciones tomadas tenemos que considerar qué motivó la carrera; qué "equipaje" el líder trajo al oficio; qué equipo de ministros fue instituido y cómo se usaron sus talentos; qué rivales (o enemigos incentivaron la auto-definición del líder; qué sistema de ética se implementa. Estos ramales políticos no son arbitrarios o más allá de un análisis sistemático. Son lo que más explican como líderes democráticos se conducen, una de las dimensiones m

  16. Fernando Ortiz e Allan Kardec: espiritismo e transculturação Fernando Ortiz and Allan Kardec: spiritism and transculturation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arcadio Díaz Quiñones

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio explora a importância do espiritismo de Kardec para os princípios de Fernando Ortiz e para seu longo, por vezes tortuoso, inquérito que o leva à noção de "transculturação". Em seus anos de formação, Ortiz foi profundamente influenciado por Lombroso, mas também, como tantos outros escritores e intelectuais, por Kardec. Ele publicou ensaios fundamentais sobre o espiritismo, especialmente sobre as implicações da reencarnação para hierarquias espirituais e sociais. A doutrina de Kardec sobre o progresso espiritual da alma permitiu a Ortiz defender um projeto nacional mais inclusivo. O kardecismo também forneceu metáforas que correm como um fio por seus trabalhos mais importantes sobre as culturas africanas em Cuba, e também por sua poética. A "transmigração" das almas, com suas possibilidades de constantes novos princípios, permitiu a Ortiz introduzir um elemento espiritual e político na ideia de largo alcance que é a transculturação.This essay explores the importance of Kardec's Spiritism in Fernando Ortiz's beginnings and in his long, often roundabout, inquiry leading to the notion of "transculturation". In his formative years Ortiz was deeply influenced by Lombroso but also, like so many other writers and intellectuals, by Kardec. He published fundamental essays on Spiritism, especially on the implications of reincarnation for spiritual and social hierarchies. Kardec's doctrine of the spiritual progress of the soul allowed Ortiz to argue for a more inclusionary national project. Kardecism also provided metaphors that run like a thread through Ortiz's major works on African cultures in Cuba and in his poetics. The "transmigration" of the souls, with its possibilities of endless new beginnnings, enabled Ortiz to introduce a spiritual and political element into the far-ranging idea of transculturation.

  17. La fotografia en el protectorado espanol. Los fondos fotograficos del legado Fernando Valderrama en la biblioteca islamica

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Olivera Zaldua, Maria

    2014-01-01

    .... El fondo fotografico del legado de Fernando Valderrama, conservado en la Biblioteca Islamica de la Agencia Espanola de Cooperacion Internacional para el Desarrollo, es una fuente imprescindible para...

  18. Prehispanic Use of Chili Peppers in Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powis, Terry G.; Gallaga Murrieta, Emiliano; Lesure, Richard; Lopez Bravo, Roberto; Grivetti, Louis; Kucera, Heidi; Gaikwad, Nilesh W.

    2013-01-01

    The genus Capsicum is New World in origin and represents a complex of a wide variety of both wild and domesticated taxa. Peppers or fruits of Capsicum species rarely have been identified in the paleoethnobotanical record in either Meso- or South America. We report here confirmation of Capsicum sp. residues from pottery samples excavated at Chiapa de Corzo in southern Mexico dated from Middle to Late Preclassic periods (400 BCE to 300 CE). Residues from 13 different pottery types were collected and extracted using standard techniques. Presence of Capsicum was confirmed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC)/MS-MS Analysis. Five pottery types exhibited chemical peaks for Capsicum when compared to the standard (dihydrocapsaicin). No peaks were observed in the remaining eight samples. Results of the chemical extractions provide conclusive evidence for Capsicum use at Chiapas de Corzo during a 700 year period (400 BCE–300 CE). Presence of Capsicum in different types of culinary-associated pottery raises questions how chili pepper could have been used during this early time period. As Pre-Columbian cacao products sometimes were flavored using Capsicum, the same pottery sample set was tested for evidence of cacao using a theobromine marker: these results were negative. As each vessel that tested positive for Capsicum had a culinary use we suggest here the possibility that chili residues from the Chiapas de Corzo pottery samples reflect either paste or beverage preparations for religious, festival, or every day culinary use. Alternatively, some vessels that tested positive merely could have been used to store peppers. Most interesting from an archaeological context was the presence of Capsicum residue obtained from a spouted jar, a pottery type previously thought only to be used for pouring liquids. PMID:24236083

  19. Prehispanic use of chili peppers in Chiapas, Mexico.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terry G Powis

    Full Text Available The genus Capsicum is New World in origin and represents a complex of a wide variety of both wild and domesticated taxa. Peppers or fruits of Capsicum species rarely have been identified in the paleoethnobotanical record in either Meso- or South America. We report here confirmation of Capsicum sp. residues from pottery samples excavated at Chiapa de Corzo in southern Mexico dated from Middle to Late Preclassic periods (400 BCE to 300 CE. Residues from 13 different pottery types were collected and extracted using standard techniques. Presence of Capsicum was confirmed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC/MS-MS Analysis. Five pottery types exhibited chemical peaks for Capsicum when compared to the standard (dihydrocapsaicin. No peaks were observed in the remaining eight samples. Results of the chemical extractions provide conclusive evidence for Capsicum use at Chiapas de Corzo during a 700 year period (400 BCE-300 CE. Presence of Capsicum in different types of culinary-associated pottery raises questions how chili pepper could have been used during this early time period. As Pre-Columbian cacao products sometimes were flavored using Capsicum, the same pottery sample set was tested for evidence of cacao using a theobromine marker: these results were negative. As each vessel that tested positive for Capsicum had a culinary use we suggest here the possibility that chili residues from the Chiapas de Corzo pottery samples reflect either paste or beverage preparations for religious, festival, or every day culinary use. Alternatively, some vessels that tested positive merely could have been used to store peppers. Most interesting from an archaeological context was the presence of Capsicum residue obtained from a spouted jar, a pottery type previously thought only to be used for pouring liquids.

  20. LA UNIÓN EN EMPRESAS FAMILIARES RESTAURANTERAS: UNA APROXIMACIÓN A LA SUCESIÓN GENERACIONAL EN EMPRESAS CON ACTIVIDAD TURÍSTICA DE SAN CRISTÓBAL DE LAS CASAS

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Carlos Jesús González-Macías; Isabel Zizaldra-Hernández

    2016-01-01

    .... El presente documento reflexiona sobre la relación entre sucesión generacional y sustentabilidad en dichas empresas, analizando una muestra de conveniencia de nueve empresas familiares restauranteras en San Cristóbal de las Casas (Chiapas, México...

  1. La crisis de Chiapas: negociaciones, democracia y gobernabilidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Carrasco

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available El conflicto en Chiapas se encuentra en una especie de impasse porque el gobierno mexicano y el EZLN han desarrollado estrategias diferentes. El gobierno ha apostado a transformaciones legislativas evitando llegar a la negociación política; el EZLN no desea reducir sus demandas de transformar política, económica e ideológicamente al Estado y transformarse de una fuerza militar en una política. Ambas estrategias dejan de lado la negociación y ponen en cuestionamiento el proceso democrático y la gobernabilidad en México.

  2. Checklist of the continental fishes of the state of Chiapas, Mexico, and their distribution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Velázquez-Velázquez

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available An updated checklist of the distribution of fishes that inhabit the continental waters of the Mexican state of Chiapas is presented. The state was compartmentalized into 12 hydrological regions for the purpose of understanding the distribution of fish fauna across a state with large physiographic variance. The ichthyofauna of Chiapas is represented by 311 species distributed in two classes, 26 orders, 73 families, and 182 genera, including 12 exotic species. The families with the highest number of species were Cichlidae, Poeciliidae, Sciaenidae, Carangidae, Ariidae, Gobiidae, and Haemulidae. This study attempts to close gaps in knowledge of the distribution of ichthyofauna in the diverse hydrological regions of Chiapas, Mexico.

  3. Checklist of the continental fishes of the state of Chiapas, Mexico, and their distribution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velázquez-Veláquez, Ernesto; López-Vila, Jesús Manuel; Gómez-González, Adán Enrique; Romero-Berny, Emilio Ismael; Lievano-Trujillo, Jorge Luis; Matamoros, Wilfredo A

    2016-01-01

    An updated checklist of the distribution of fishes that inhabit the continental waters of the Mexican state of Chiapas is presented. The state was compartmentalized into 12 hydrological regions for the purpose of understanding the distribution of fish fauna across a state with large physiographic variance. The ichthyofauna of Chiapas is represented by 311 species distributed in two classes, 26 orders, 73 families, and 182 genera, including 12 exotic species. The families with the highest number of species were Cichlidae, Poeciliidae, Sciaenidae, Carangidae, Ariidae, Gobiidae, and Haemulidae. This study attempts to close gaps in knowledge of the distribution of ichthyofauna in the diverse hydrological regions of Chiapas, Mexico.

  4. La biblioteca de Fernando Fernández de Velasco: Palacio de Soñanes

    OpenAIRE

    Viñuela Reinoso, Lourdes

    2015-01-01

    El tema de esta tesis es la reconstrucción del fondo bibliográfico de la biblioteca que perteneció a Fernando Fernández de Velasco, (1835- 1912), en virtud de los inventarios y documentos conservados, tal y como se encontraba entre los años 1890 y 1912, momento en el que se unificó la colección en el palacio de Soñanes en Villacarriedo, Cantabria. La formación de la biblioteca del palacio de Soñanes estuvo estrechamente relacionada con la personalidad de su propietario, Fernando Fernández de ...

  5. Arboles forrajeros de tres regiones ganaderas de Chiapas, Mexico: usos y caracteristicas nutricionales

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pinto-Ruiz, R; Hernandez, D; Gomez, H; Cobos, M.A; Quiroga, R; Pezo, D

    2010-01-01

    El trabajo tuvo como objetivo conocer las plantas lenosas que poseen potencial forrajero de tres regiones ganaderas de Chiapas, Mexico e identificar usos, composicion quimica y caracteristicas de degradacion ruminal...

  6. Diagnostico biofisico y socioeconomico de la parte media y alta de la subcuenca Cohatan, Chiapas

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Grajales, M; De la Piedra, R; Lopez, J

    2008-01-01

    ... (infraestructura social y productiva) con actividades en la subcuenca Cohatan, localizado en las estribaciones de la Sierra del Soconusco Chiapas, para saber la situacion que guarda y generar acciones de rehabilitacion, a mediano y largo plazo...

  7. Analisis de convergencia economica en el interior de Chiapas: municipios, regiones e inconsistencias aparentes

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lopez Arevalo, Jorge Alberto; Pelaez Herreros, Oscar

    2012-01-01

    ...) en la elaboracion del indice de desarrollo humano municipal en Mexico, se comprueba que, en el interior de Chiapas durante el periodo 20002005, se dio un proceso de fuerte convergencia a nivel...

  8. San Francisco District Laboratory (SAN)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Program CapabilitiesFood Analysis SAN-DO Laboratory has an expert in elemental analysis who frequently performs field inspections of materials. A recently acquired...

  9. La construcción de un ethos transnacional en la obra de Fernando Iwasaki

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dhondt, R.

    2016-01-01

    The present article seeks to shed light on the construction of the authorial identity in Fernando Iwasaki’s fictional works and essays, which can be read as an outright attack against stereotypical constructions of identity. Although the author classifies himself as a “voluntary exile” to whom the

  10. Cuban heritage in Africa: Deported Ñáñigos to Fernando Po in the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper focuses on the 19th century deportation of Ñáñigos (members of Abakuá, a Cuban secret society) to Fernando Po (Bioko). I argue against the widely held negative image of this group as portrayed in the news and press information in Spanish newspapers from 1865 to 1950 that document the Cuban heritage in ...

  11. Interview to Ronald Fernando Garcia Ruiz, lead scientist COLLAPS experiment, ISOLDE

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Interview to Ronald Fernando Garcia Ruiz, lead scientist COLLAPS experiment, ISOLDE, on the occasion of the publication on Nature of the high precision measurement by the COLLAPS collaboration of the shift in energy of the electrons sorrounding the Calcium 52 nucleus, depending on the neutron number of the Calcium isotopes.

  12. Fernando VII against the journalists. Litigations by the State Lawsuit Commission

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Sánchez Hita

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the documents associated to the litigations against editors and journalists stored in the State Lawsuit Commission (Madrid, Spain. These files illustrate the persecution of those who tried to create a pro-constitutional public opinion, the aspects which were received as important affronts by Fernando VII and the defendants’ strategies to be penalized as less as possible.

  13. Semblanza de un artista: Fernando Montañez y su obra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Santa

    1979-08-01

    Full Text Available En el panorama de la escultura colombiana contemporánea, la figura de Fernando Montañés se destaca ampliamente por su firme personalidad, ajena por completo a las modas importadas, al esnobismo, al interesado afán por complacer a los discutibles pontífices de la crítica artística.

  14. Deported Ñáñigos to Fernando Po in the 19th century.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the society, the punishment is carried out at the drum (Aranzadi, 2009:174) in Malabo as well as in Cuba (Trujillo and Monagas 1882:366). In the colonial period, at Epiphany the Governor used to give the “aguinaldo” (Christmas bonus) to the association in Havana (1882:365) as he did in Fernando Po. At Christmas many.

  15. El fenómeno delictivo juvenil de la mara: Un estudio regional en Chiapas/The mara youth criminal phenomenon: A regional study in Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Humberto Martínez Trejo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de la presente investigación es comprender el fenómeno de la tropicalización de la organización delictiva juvenil de La Mara en la región de Chiapas. El desarrollo de la misma, es eminentemente de corte etnometodológico, y se encuentra actualmente en proceso de desarrollo. Sin embargo, se recogen evidencias parciales del perfil criminológico de los miembros de La Mara de Centroamérica y la de Chiapas. Dichos estudios se realizaron en el período de junio del 2011 a junio del 2012, en uno de los Centros de Tratamiento y Diagnóstico del Estado de Chiapas.

  16. Uso de la leña y conservación del bosque en el volcán Huitepec, Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arelí Santos González

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza la dinámica de uso de leña en ocho colonias alrededor del volcán Huitepec, Chiapas, aledañas a dos áreas naturales protegidas de manejo privado (Reserva Huitepec- Pronatura y colectivo (Reserva Zapatista, así como a una población urbana creciente: San Cristóbal de las Casas. En la zona de estudio es evidente la preocupación de conservar el bosque, sus recursos naturales y servicios ambientales fundamentales. De acuerdo al uso y manejo de la leña, se tipificaron a las colonias en cuatro categorías: atención prioritaria, atención básica, atención significativa y atención media.

  17. Valoraciones de calidad en alimentos orgánicos y de origen local entre consumidores de la red Comida Sana y Cercana en Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia Gutiérrez Pérez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo expone cómo los consumidores valoran la calidad de los alimentos orgánicos de origen local. La información fue obtenida mediante un cuestionario aplicado a 50 consumidores asiduos a la red Comida Sana y Cercana en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, y mediante la realización de dos talleres. Los resultados indican que la calidad se define desde aspectos organolépticos, que los consumidores están interesados en el modelo de certificación participativa, y que depositan su confianza en la relación de cercanía entre productores y consumidores.

  18. Enfermedad y pobreza en la Sierra de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Bayona Escat

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo indaga en la desigualdad y exclusión social que padece la población de la región Sierra, Chiapas, en el ámbito de la salud, desde los testimonios de mujeres rurales que ofrecen su visión de la salud, la enfermedad y la atención sanitaria, y desarrollan estrategias para afrontar las dificultades. Se pretende demostrar cómo en un medio adverso, caracterizado por la pobreza y olvido institucional, los trastornos físicos son reiterativos, se convierten en incurables y contribuyen a la reproducción de la marginalidad. Así, se genera la enfermedad de la pobreza, que somatiza males físicos para expresar las carencias sociales.

  19. San Marino.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-02-01

    San Marino, an independent republic located in north central Italy, in 1983 had a population of 22,206 growing at an annual rate of .9%. The literacy rate is 97% and the infant mortality rate is 9.6/1000. The terrain is mountainous and the climate is moderate. According to local tradition, San Marino was founded by a Christian stonecutter in the 4th century A.D. as a refuge against religious persecution. Its recorded history began in the 9th century, and it has survived assaults on its independence by the papacy, the Malatesta lords of Rimini, Cesare Borgia, Napoleon, and Mussolini. An 1862 treaty with the newly formed Kingdom of Italy has been periodically renewed and amended. The present government is an alliance between the socialists and communists. San Marino has had its own statutes and governmental institutions since the 11th century. Legislative authority at present is vested in a 60-member unicameral parliament. Executive authority is exercised by the 11-member Congress of State, the members of which head the various administrative departments of the goverment. The posts are divided among the parties which form the coalition government. Judicial authority is partly exercised by Italian magistrates in civil and criminal cases. San Marino's policies are tied to Italy's and political organizations and labor unions active in Italy are also active in San Marino. Since World War II, there has been intense rivalry between 2 political coalitions, the Popular Alliance composed of the Christian Democratic Party and the Independent Social Democratic Party, and the Liberty Committee, coalition of the Communist Party and the Socialist Party. San Marino's gross domestic product was $137 million and its per capita income was $6290 in 1980. The principal economic activities are farming and livestock raising, along with some light manufacturing. Foreign transactions are dominated by tourism. The government derives most of its revenue from the sale of postage stamps to

  20. Evaluation of Bilingual Intercultural Approach in Indigenous Primary Education: Case Study in the Indigenous Region Los Altos, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Viveros-Márquez

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the implementation of the EIB (Bilingual Intercultural approach, by its acronym in Spanish in an elementary indigenous school located in San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas. This school is characterized by the cultural and linguistic diversity represented by the integration of teachers, students and parents of tseltal and tsotsil origin. We use the evaluation model CIPP (context, input, process and product and complemented it with school ethnography, using semi-structured interviews (director and supervisor, participant observation (classroom sessions, focus group interviews to teachers and parents and a sociolinguistic questionnaire to students. The theoretical framework retrieves the core theoretical elements of the EIB, by reviewing and analysing bilingual education, bilingual bicultural education (biculturalism, pedagogical interculturalism and the intercultural bilingual approach. The main findings of this study show that, in practice, intercultural bilingual indigenous education has not transcended the bilingual dimension (the indigenous language teaching. Interculturalism is not yet clearly integrated in the speech nor in the educational practice of the studied school. The EIB implementation is still limited and responds to sociocultural, linguistic, political, educational and teacher training conditions that characterize the local educational context and are not favorable to enhance the effective implementation of the EIB in the primary school.

  1. Epizoic Fauna Survey on Phyllostomid Bats (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in a Shaded Coffee Plantation of Southeastern Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colín-Martínez, Helisama; Morales-Malacara, Juan B; García-Estrada, Carlos

    2018-01-10

    This is the first complete assessment of the ectoparasite fauna on phyllostomid bats in a shaded coffee plantation in Mexico. The study was carried out at Finca San Carlos, in the municipality of Tapachula, southeastern Chiapas, Mexico. The bats were captured over three consecutive nights every month, from December 2005 to November 2006, using four mist nets. We captured 192 phyllostomid bats, representing 18 species, upon which 1,971 ectoparasites, belonging to 11 families and 65 species, were found. We found that 160 of the 192 captured bats were hosts to ectoparasites, giving an infestation prevalence of 83.3%. Of the 65 ectoparasitic species, 14 were classified as monoxenous and 17 as stenoxenous. More ectoparasites were recorded in the dry season (n = 1,439) than the wet season (n = 532), and we recorded some families of ectoparasite on particular areas of the bat body. An ordination of bat species, based on their ectoparasitic species community structure, formed groups at the subfamily level or lower taxonomic categories. We suggest that the close ectoparasite-host relationships could be examined as an additional tool to elucidate the taxonomic relationships between the hosts. © The Author(s) 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  2. La araneofauna (Araneae reciente y fósil de Chiapas, México The extant and fossil spider fauna (Araneae from Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel García-Villafuerte

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta una lista de las especies actuales y fósiles de arañas (Araneae registradas para Chiapas. Hasta el momento se registran 464 especies actuales, distribuidas en 281 géneros y 56 familias. Las familias con mayor diversidad son Salticidae, Theridiidae, Araneidae, Tetragnathidae y Gnaphosidae. Se proporcionan los géneros y especies en sinonimia, así como los géneros y especies que han sido transferidos a otras familias, y las especies transferidas a otros géneros dentro de la misma familia. Se han registrado 36 especies fósiles incluidas en ámbar. La taxonomía de arañas actuales y la de fósiles no son disciplinas completamente independientes. El género Hemirrhagus (Teraphosidae es un nuevo registro para Chiapas.A list of the recent and extinct species of spiders (Araneae that have been recorded from Chiapas is presented. To date 464 recent species have been registered, distributed in 281 genera and 56 families. The most diverse families are Salticidae, Theridiidae, Araneidae, Tetragnathidae and Gnaphosidae. The genera and species in synonymy are listed, as are the genera and species that have been transferred to other families, and the species transferred to other genera within the same family. 36 fossil species included in amber have also been recorded. The taxonomy of recent and fossil spiders should not be independent. Genus Hemirrhagus (Teraphosidae is newly recorded from Chiapas.

  3. y alta de la subcuenca Cohatán, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Grajales

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio consistió en un diagnóstico biofísico (fisiográfico, hidrográfico, uso actual del suelo, cobertura vegetal y socioeconómico (infraestructura social y productiva con actividades en la subcuenca Cohatán, localizado en las estribaciones de la Sierra del Soconusco Chiapas, para saber la situación que guarda y generar acciones de rehabilitación, a mediano y largo plazo. Esta subcuenca se extiende desde 350 a los 4,080 msnm, con 42 comunidades, que abarcan los municipios de Tapachula, Motozintla y Cacahotán, Chiapas; tiene una densidad de 1.2 hab/ha, con suelo de origen volcánico formado del Cenozoico terciario de unidad acrisol húmico. El 80% de la superficie presenta clima tropical húmedo y subhúmedo, con relieve de ladera fuerte hasta de 60%, con una erosión hídrica severa de 250 t/ ha/año en 42% de la superficie; tiene 25% de selva, medias altas y perennifolias. La principal actividad económica es la explotación del cultivo de café, desde el área marginal 350 hasta 2,660 msnm. A lo largo del río Cohatán el tipo de desarrollo se sustenta en el uso intensivo de los recursos naturales, originan —a su vez— fuerte deterioro neceambiental, al cambio de vegetación de la selva original por introducción de especies de sombra del café con chalum (Inga spp; en este ecosistema se observa un deficiente uso de tecnología de producción que se refleja en el bajo rendimiento del café, de 8 quintales/ha. El nivel socioeconómico de desarrollo es bajo, con nivel de educación, salud, vivienda y servicios deficientes, así como falta de apoyo social, con carente gestión ambiental

  4. SOCIAL EXCLUSION: GUATEMALAN YOUTH WITHIN COFFEE PLANTATIONS AT SOCONUSCO CHIAPAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Itzel Ramírez-Ramos

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Mexico's southern border is the entry point for different migratory flows, mainly from Central America, these flows have taken place under socioeconomic contexts and conditions which demand the constant livelihood strategies pursuit from people. This paper is focused on the agricultural laborers from Guatemalan origin, within coffee plantation farms at the Soconusco, Chiapas. The main objective is arguing how the lack of access -or restricted access- to education and the precarious inclusion to work and migration, have positioned youth population of migrant laborers, from Guatemalan origin, into social processes of social exclusion and vulnerability. It is concluded that conditions generated from these processes, preclude the generation of different work expectations, the access to a higher quality of life and the social mobility in a men and woman development crucial stage. The exposed information comes from quantitative and qualitative research methods. A nonrandom survey was applied to 129 families; 20 semi-structured interviews for children and adolescents within farms and 25 to actors involved in the recognition and performance of the human rights of migrant children in the southern Mexican border area.

  5. Sedimentological evolution of the Cretaceous carbonate platform of Chiapas (Mexico)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cros, Pierre; Michaud, François; Fourcade, Eric; Fleury, Jean-Jacques

    1998-07-01

    The Cretaceous epicontinental carbonate platform of Chiapas (south-east of Mexico) extends along a 200 km NW-SE narrow strip, north of the Sierra Madre basement, from Ocozocoautla to Comitan. In the western and central domain, three stratigraphic sections of the Sierra Madre Formation (late Aptian to early Senonian) display well exposed facies sequences enabling broad facies correlations about: (1) The successive transgressive-regressive stages, (2) the different subsidence rates controlling the outer to inner platform environmental evolution, (3) the conditions of tectonically controlled partial platform drowning during Campanian-Maastrichtian. Three other sections through the eastern Maastrichtian carbonate platform area record the changes from limestone to dolomite during the Angostura Maastrichtian platform stage. This evolution of thickness and facies in the occidental domain of Piedra Parada and in the central domain of Guadalupe Victoria and Julian Grajales illustrates the settlement process of the carbonate platform and the general decreasing of the thickness of the Sierra Madre Formation from west to east. The eastern platform domain (Comitan) crops out extensively and enables new correlations along a south-north transect. The Sierra Madre Formation and Angostura Formation documents continuous carbonate platform sedimentation with foraminifers, rudists and dasycladacean algae during Campanian and Maastrichtian. These sections permit palaeogeographical comparisons of depositional conditions of the Mexican margin of the Maya block.

  6. Bathymetric and morphometric surveys of the Montebello Lakes, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Alcocer

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the first bathymetric surveys and descriptions of the morphometric parameters of the major lakes of the national park and Ramsar Convention site Lagunas de Montebello, Chiapas, Mexico and represents the first contribution on these limnologically unknown lakes. The morphology of lacustrine basins has an important influence on the physical, chemical and biological dynamics, and limnological research must consider the bathymetry and the related morphometric parameters of the lakes. Of the more than 50 lakes that make up this karst lake system (including dolines, uvalas and poljes, 18 representative lakes were selected along a NW-SE transect. The lakes have widely varying dimensions and include small and deep, small and shallow, large and deep, and large and shallow lakes. The shapes of the lakes vary from circular to elliptical, and the basin resembles an inverted truncated cone. The orientation of the main axis follows the structural orientations of the karst landscape (i.e., faults, fractures and folds. The maximum lengths range from 0.14 to 3.2 km, the surface areas range from 1.1 ha to 306.6 ha, and the lake volumes range from 0.00004 to 0.08852 km3. Six lakes are among the deepest lakes in Mexico and have an average maximum depth of more than 50 m; the deepest lake has a maximum depth of 198 m. These depths favor prolonged stratification, which increases the probability of accumulating pollutants.

  7. CHILD LABOUR IN SAN CRISTOBAL DE LAS CASAS: THE CASE OF CHAMULAS SHOE-SHINE CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Rubio-Campos

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research is to analyze the compatibility of work-school working children in San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas. To meet this objective, a primarily qualitative methodology was used, based on the case of a trade study in particular, the Chamula street shoe-shine children. To integrate the case, in addition to documentary research was conducted observations in their place of work, the street, as well as interviews semi structured with children, place traders and members of civil society. It was found that for various cultural, legal and economic reasons, children do not attend school, jeopardizing their future capabilities.

  8. Mayan master speakers--the archive of the indigenous languages of Chiapas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haviland, John B

    2004-01-01

    The Archive of the Indigenous Languages of Chiapas is an electronic database documenting the three principal Indian languages of Chiapas, Mexico. This report describes the design philosophy behind the archive, intended to distribute its results in digital form via the Internet. It illustrates some of the products of the Archive, ranging from standard linguistic description and lexicography, through semi-experimental elicitation, to ethnographically situated interaction characterized by different sorts of speech genre. It also discusses presentational and ethical issues derived from electronic distribution of digital media in linguistic documentation.

  9. 76 FR 72405 - San Fernando Valley Area 2 Superfund Site; Notice of Proposed Prospective Purchaser Agreement Re...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-23

    ..., Glendale/Goodwin Realty I, LLC, an Ohio limited liability company, The Kroger Co., an Ohio corporation, and Ralphs Grocery Company, an Ohio corporation, to purchase the Property and to conduct work to clean up...

  10. Strategies for the implementation of wind turbines in Fernando de Noronha island; Estrategias de implantacao de turbinas eolicas na ilha de Fernando de Noronha

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rohatgi, J.; Feitosa, E.; Correa, M. [Pernambuco Univ., Recife, PE (Brazil). Centro de Pesquisa de Energia Eolica

    1990-12-31

    The island of Fernando de Noronha is one of the best sites in Brazil to make use of winds for the electricity generation. Three principal factors contribute to this fact: the high wind potential; the fact that all be electricity generation on the island is done by diesel generator; the pollution of atmosphere due to the burning of diesel oil. At the moment the unit price of energy is very high an due to social reasons it is subsidized. This paper presents the strategies to implement the first wind turbine of medium size of 75 kW (17 m in diameter) so as to contribute effectively to the reduction of diesel oil consumption. 7 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs

  11. El fútbol en Chiapas (México): ¿un símbolo de identidad?

    OpenAIRE

    Fábregas Puig, Andrés

    2006-01-01

    The author discusses the way soccer is organized, practiced and lived out in the Mexican state of Chiapas where, since 2002, upon the arrival of the professional team Los Jaguares de Chiapas, the world around this sport has changed substantially with regard to both the construction of Chiapaneco identity and the national context of Mexican sports.

    Este artículo pretende revisar la organización futbolística y su vivencia en el estado mexicano de Chiapas donde, desde el año 2...

  12. Integrated Risk Assessment to Natural Hazards in Motozintla, Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novelo-Casanova, D. A.

    2012-12-01

    An integrated risk assessment includes the analysis of all components of individual constituents of risk such as baseline study, hazard identification and categorization, hazard exposure, and vulnerability. Vulnerability refers to the inability of people, organizations, and societies to withstand adverse impacts from multiple stressors to which they are exposed. These impacts are due to characteristics inherent in social interactions, institutions, and systems of cultural values. Thus, social vulnerability is a pre-existing condition that affects a society's ability to prepare for and recover from a disruptive event. Risk is the probability of a loss, and this loss depends on three elements: hazard, exposure, and vulnerability. Thus, risk is the estimated impact that a hazard event would have on people, services, facilities, structures and assets in a community. In this work we assess the risk to natural hazards in the community of Motozintla located in southern Mexico in the state of Chiapas (15.37N, 92.25W) with a population of about 20 000 habitants. Due to its geographical and geological location, this community is continuously exposed to many different natural hazards (earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, and floods). To determine the level of exposure of the community to natural hazards, we developed integrated studies and analysis of seismic microzonation, landslide and flood susceptibility as well as volcanic impact using standard methodologies. Social vulnerability was quantified from data obtained from local families interviews. Five variables were considered: household structure quality and design, availability of basic public services, family economic conditions, existing family plans for disaster preparedness, and risk perception.The number of families surveyed was determined considering a sample statistically significant. The families that were interviewed were selected using the simple random sampling technique with replacement. With these

  13. Differentiated transcriptional signatures in the maize landraces of Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kost, Matthew A; Perales, Hugo R; Wijeratne, Saranga; Wijeratne, Asela J; Stockinger, Eric; Mercer, Kristin L

    2017-09-08

    Landrace farmers are the keepers of crops locally adapted to the environments where they are cultivated. Patterns of diversity across the genome can provide signals of past evolution in the face of abiotic and biotic change. Understanding this rich genetic resource is imperative especially since diversity can provide agricultural security as climate continues to shift. Here we employ RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) to understand the role that conditions that vary across a landscape may have played in shaping genetic diversity in the maize landraces of Chiapas, Mexico. We collected landraces from three distinct elevational zones and planted them in a midland common garden. Early season leaf tissue was collected for RNA-seq and we performed weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA). We then used association analysis between landrace co-expression module expression values and environmental parameters of landrace origin to elucidate genes and gene networks potentially shaped by environmental factors along our study gradient. Elevation of landrace origin affected the transcriptome profiles. Two co-expression modules were highly correlated with temperature parameters of landrace origin and queries into their 'hub' genes suggested that temperature may have led to differentiation among landraces in hormone biosynthesis/signaling and abiotic and biotic stress responses. We identified several 'hub' transcription factors and kinases as candidates for the regulation of these responses. These findings indicate that natural selection may influence the transcriptomes of crop landraces along an elevational gradient in a major diversity center, and provide a foundation for exploring the genetic basis of local adaptation. While we cannot rule out the role of neutral evolutionary forces in the patterns we have identified, combining whole transcriptome sequencing technologies, established bioinformatics techniques, and common garden experimentation can powerfully elucidate

  14. Integrated Risk Research. Case of Study: Motozintla, Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novelo-Casanova, D. A.; Jaimes, M.

    2015-12-01

    This integrated risk research include the analysis of all components of individual constituents of risk such hazard identification, hazard exposure, and vulnerability. We determined risk to natural hazards in the community of Motozintla located in southern Mexico in the state of Chiapas (15.37ºN, 92.25ºW. Due to its geographical and geological location, this community is continuously exposed mainly to earthquakes, landslides and floods. We developed integrated studies and analysis of seismic zonation, landslides and flood susceptibility using standard methodologies. Vulnerability was quantified from data collected from local families interviews considering five social variables: characteristics of housing construction, availability of basic public services, family economic conditions, existing community plans for disaster preparedness, and risk perception. Local families surveyed were randomly selected considering a sample statistically significant. Our results were spatially represented using a Geographical Information System (GIS). Structural vulnerability curves were generated for typical housing constructions. Our integrated risk analysis demonstrates that the community of Motozintla has a high level of structural and socio-economical risk to floods and earthquakes. More than half of the population does not know any existing Civil Protection Plan and perceive that they are in high risk to landslides and floods. Although the community is located in a high seismic risk zone, most of the local people believe that cannot be impacted by a large earthquake. These natural and social conditions indicate that the community of Motozintla has a very high level of risk to natural hazards. This research will support local decision makers in developing an integrated comprehensive natural hazards mitigation and prevention program.

  15. El espacio de los sueños : 'Arriba pasa el viento' de Fernando Lorenzo

    OpenAIRE

    Molina, Hebe Beatriz

    2002-01-01

    Arriba pasa el viento (1959) de Fernando Lorenzo es la novela de los sueños y las pesadillas existenciales de un pueblo errante, sin nombre. En particular, destacamos la significación del espacio, que determina las peripecias de las vidas paralelas de los protagonistas (el narrador y Tibot). Las diversas categorías de la dimensión espacial (cerca/lejos, aquí/allí, adentro/afuera) configuran el entramado discursivo, descifran la simbología y ex...

  16. La eternidad y el instante Un recorrido temporal por la narrativa de Fernando Vallejo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Musitano

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I would like to analyse El río del tiempo by Fernando Vallejo from the following hypothesis: time in self writing narrative becomes enigmatic until it turns into an edge where souvenirs come and go. Vallejo makes edges that get him out of time, out of any possible representation. These passages provoke the desbarrancadero de los recuerdos, allow the entrance of fiction in a self writing narrative and make the self becomes impersonal. The space, as a place of memory, becomes a temporal edge, and the front door corridor of Santa Anita ́s house controls the writing of memory.

  17. Los hermanos Fernando y Jorge Latorre: una breve historia del surgimiento del rock nacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Serrano

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available La historia del rock en Bogotá es ahora un capítulo trascendente para entender algunos aspectos de los llamados años prodigiosos de la contracultura, creada desde la invención de la guitarra eléctrica, hace más de cincuenta años. En Bogotá, este pasaje incluye la presencia de músicos destacados como los hermanos Jorge y Fernando Latorre, con inusuales relatos de la llegada, de contrabando y a lomo de mula, de los primeros equipos de amplificación.

  18. LOS HERMANOS FERNANDO Y JORGE LATORRE: UNA BREVE HISTORIA DEL SURGIMIENTO DEL ROCK NACIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Serrano

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La historia del rock en Bogotá es ahora un capítulo trascendente para entender algunos aspectos de los llamados años prodigiosos de la contracultura, creada desde la invención de la guitarra eléctrica, hace más de cincuenta años. En Bogotá, este pasaje incluye la presencia de músicos destacados como los hermanos Jorge y Fernando Latorre, con inusuales relatos de la llegada, de contrabando y a lomo de mula, de los primeros equipos de amplificación.

  19. Fernando Alba: espacio escultórico, espacio arquitectónico y espacio urbano

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Sierra, Jovino

    2012-01-01

    El tema objeto de estudio de esta Tesis Doctoral es el análisis de la obra del escultor asturiano Fernando Alba, uno de los escultores contemporáneos de Asturias que cuenta con una trayectoria de más de cuarenta años de actividad ininterrumpida dentro de la plástica y uno de los artistas que ha dejado una muestra importante por número y calidad de su actividad dentro y fuera de la región. El estudio del conjunto de su producción resulta fundamental para el conocimiento del arte asturiano a...

  20. La saudade de la inocencia y la inmediatez en Fernando Pessoa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Galindo Montelongo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Friederick, the filmmaker of Wim Wenders' Lisbon Story (1994, fears, in quite a Kantian fashion, that human gaze takes away the authenticity and the purity of the portrayed object, betraying it; in the same way, the poet Fernando Pessoa fears that reason betrays life. Hence, Friederick stops from watching, as well as Pessoa stops thinking. Among Pessoa's heteronomous, Alberto Caeiro stands out for the cessation of judgement -for thought is unnatural- and, as Nietzsche, for his mysticism of the sensible, expressed through poetry which exalts immediacy and disqualifies consciousness, seeking constantly to follow nature uncritically, longing for the innocence, the immediacy.

  1. Blind Narcissus, illuminated by Lisbon (From Cesário Verde to Fernando Pessoa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerónimo Pizarro

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Eduardo Lourenço referred to Fernando Pessoa as a “Blind Narcissus”, quoting a passage of the The Book of Disquiet (Libro del desasosiego. In its first stage, The Bookof Disquiet has no defined geographical space nor an established historical time; in its second stage, it achieves concrete space and temporal coordinates. The purpose of this text isto evince the importance of those coordinates — those of Lisbon at the beginning of thetwentieth century — and reiterate how important the work of Cesário Verde was for Pessoa and his return to the Book towards 1929, after a creative interruption of almost ten years.

  2. Gaining ground : land reform and the constitution of community in the Tojolabal Highlands of Chiapas, Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haar, van der G.

    2001-01-01

    This study reconstructs the process of land redistribution in an indigenous region of Chiapas, the Tojolabal Highlands, situated between the better known Central Highlands and the Lacandona Rainforest. Until 1930 this region was dominated by large private estates or fincas ,

  3. Cynthia J. Najdowski: Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Presents a short biography of the winner of the American Psychological Association's Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award. The 2012 winner is Cynthia J. Najdowski for an outstanding research paper that examines how jurors' judgments are influenced by a juvenile defendant's confession and status as intellectually disabled. Through…

  4. Technology-Based Participatory Learning for Indigenous Children in Chiapas Schools, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heredia, Yolanda; Icaza, Jose I.

    2012-01-01

    This research created a technology-based learning environment at two schools belonging to the National Council of Educational Development (CONAFE) for indigenous children in the state of Chiapas, Mexico. The purpose of the study was to describe the educational impact of using the Classmate PC netbooks and the Sugar Educational Platform in the…

  5. Indoor volatiles of primary school classrooms in Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico, are attractants to Aedes aegypti females

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Estrada, J.L.T.; Delgado, S.M.R.; Takken, W.

    2013-01-01

    We determined the behavioral response of Aedes aegypti females to volatile compounds collected in indoor primary school classrooms. Volatiles were collected from classrooms from 0800 through 1030 h and 1130 through 1400 h in urban and rural schools in Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico. Female responses to

  6. Sedimentation in Rio La Venta Canyon in Netzahualcoyotl Reservoir, Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juan Antonio de la Fuente; Tom Lisle; Jose Velasquez; Bonnie L. Allison; Alisha Miller

    2000-01-01

    Sedimentation of Rio La Venta as it enters the Netzahualcoyotl Reservoir in Chiapas, Mexico, threatens a unique part of the aquatic ecosystem. Rio La Venta enters the reservoir via a narrow canyon about 16 km long with spectacular, near-vertical limestone bluffs up to 320 m high and inhabited by the flora and fauna of a pristine tropical forest.

  7. Ethnic Identity among Indigenous and Mestizos from Intercultural University of Chiapas (Identidad étnica entre los indígenas y los mestizos de la Universidad Intercultural de Chiapas)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Moisès Esteban; Josep Maria Nadal; Ignasi Vila

    2010-01-01

    .... The aims for this study were: 1) to determine the structure and validity of ethnic identity as measured by the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure in a sample of majority and minority ethnic groups from Intercultural University in Chiapas, and 2...

  8. An annotated list of the avifauna of Palenque, Chiapas Lista comentada de la avifauna de Palenque, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael A. Patten

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The primary lowland rainforest around the Mayan ruins of Palenque, in the state of Chiapas, Mexico, has been the focus of much study. The second growth and the mosaic of pasture and farmland surrounding the protected area of Palenque National Park also have received some attention by researchers and visitors. Until now though, a complete avifaunal list for this area had not been compiled. In our judgment, 353 species have been recorded reliably, a hundred more than previously reported. An additional 27 species have been reported at the site on multiple occasions but for which we feel there is no definitive evidence. There are 202 regular breeders, most of them resident, and 87 migrants that winter or pass through regularly. Relative capture rates for understorey birds indicate that Phaethornis longirostris and Henicorhina leucosticta are most often caught, and some rarely seen birds, such a Geotrygon montana, are less rare than previously thought. In a state in which habitat destruction is routine, in which national parks are increasingly becoming forested islands, we need baseline data such as these to get a clearer idea of what occurs there if we are to understand anthropogenic effects on forests.La selva tropical perennifolia primaria en los alrededores de las ruinas mayas de Palenque, en el estado de Chiapas, México, ha sido objeto de muchos estudios. El bosque secundario y el mosaico de potreros y tierras agrícolas que rodean el área protegida del Parque Nacional Palenque también han recibido la atención de investigadores y visitantes. Sin embargo, hasta ahora no ha sido recopilado un inventario de la avifauna. Consideramos que 353 especies han sido registradas confiablemente, 100 más de las que han sido registradas previamente. Otras 27 especies han sido reportadas para este sitio, pero sentimos que no hay suficiente evidencia de su presencia allí. Hay 202 especies que anidan de manera regular, la mayoría residentes permanentes, y

  9. Parásitos del tapir centroamericano Tapirus bairdii (Perissodactyla: Tapiridae en Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Epigmenio Cruz Aldán

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Se recolectaron 19 muestras de excretas del tapir centroamericano (Tapirus bairdii en la Reserva "La Sepultura" (marzo a julio de 1999, así como un muestreo directo a un tapir macho de la Reserva "Montes Azules" (Chiapas, México. Se analizaron con cinco técnicas (flotación, MacMaster, micrometría, sedimentación de Ritchie y cuantitativa de Ferreira. Además se recolectaron muestras en piel de animales capturados en en las dos reservas y en una pareja de zoológico proveniente de Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas. Se hallaron nematodos y protozoarios: Agriostomun sp., Lacandoria sp., Neomurshidia sp., Trichostrongylus sp., Strongylus sp., Brachylumus sp., y un ancilostomaideo aun por identificar. Además se informa la presencia de Eimeria sp., y Balantidium coli. Los ácaros hallados fueron; Dermacentor halli, Dermacentor latus, Amblyomma cajannense, Amblyomma coelebs, Amblyomma ovale, Anocentor nitens e Ixodes bicornis.Parasites of the Central American tapir Tapirus bairdii (Perissodactyla: Tapiridae in Chiapas, Mexico. We analyzed 19 samples of Baird´s tapir feces from La Sepultura Biosphere Reserve, collected between March and July 1999. We also took samples directly from a male tapir captured at the Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve. Both reserves are in Chiapas, Mexico. We used five techniques: flotation, MacMaster, micrometric, Ritchie’s sedimentation and Ferreira´s quantitative. In addition, we collected ectoparasites from animals captured in both reserves and from a captive couple from Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas. These nematodes and protozoans were found: Agriostomun sp., Lacandoria sp., Neomurshidia sp., Trichostrongylus sp., Strongylus sp., Brachylumus sp, and an unidentified species of ancilostomaide. We also found Eimeria sp. and Balantidium coli, as well as the mites Dermacentor halli, Dermacentor latus, Amblyomma cajannense, Amblyomma coelebs, Amblyomma ovale, Anocentor nitens and Ixodes bicornis. Rev. Biol. Trop. 54(2: 445

  10. UM OLHAR SOBRE OS CONFLITOS NO AMBIENTE ORGANIZACIONAL: entrevista com Dr. Pedro Fernando Santos Silva da Cunha.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamille Ramos Torres

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Nessa edição, a Revista Foco, por meio de Kamille Ramos Torres, traz uma entrevista com o Dr. Pedro Fernando Santos Silva da Cunha, professor associado com agregação da Universidade Fernando Pessoa em Portugal. Suas pesquisas versam sobre a Gestão de Conflitos, Negociação, Mediação, Paz, entre outros. Nessa entrevista, ele expõe sua trajetória profissional e acadêmica, e nos fornece um pouco do seu imenso conhecimento sobre a Mediação de Conflitos no ambiente organizacional.

  11. From Bishop to President: historical and mediatic constructions of the Paraguayan president Fernando Lugo in brazilian weekly magazines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Foletto

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article’s purpose is to understand the historical and mediatic constructions made bay brazilian magazines about Bishop Fernando Lugo, in its path from priesthood to president of Paraguay in 2008, and the repercussions of those in the diplomatic relations between the two countries. The research identified, analyzed and questioned the communication processes promoted by the brazilian ma- gazines Carta Capital, Época, Isto É and Veja, from 2007 to 2010, questioning and problematizing the construction of the symbolic representation of the new politi- cal actor, Paraguayan president Fernando Lugo.

  12. Trophic relationships of the spinner dolphin at Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, SW Atlantic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Martins Silva-Jr

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available We present an overview of predator-prey and other trophic relationships of spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris around Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, off northeastern Brazil, with use of original data and a brief review of data published elsewhere. Records were made while snorkelling among the dolphins in daytime. Individual fish pursuit and coordinated school herding were the two hunting tactics recorded. Three small prey types (oceanic squids, fishes, and prawns were recovered from vomits collected in situ and from stomachs of two stranded dolphins. In their turn, spinners were preyed on by the cookiecutter sharks (Dalatiidae as evidenced by round and crater-like wounds and circular scars. Additionally, the dolphins were preyed on by large sharks (Lamnidae, Carcharhinidae, as evidenced by crescent-shaped wounds and scars. Unidentified fishes bit fin pieces, as evidenced by variably-shaped marks. On the other hand, dolphins’ particulate faeces, vomits and live roundworms were eaten by plankton-feeding fishes. Thus, the trophic role of the spinner dolphins of Fernando de Noronha may be summarised as that of : 1 a predator of small oceanic squids, fishes, and prawns; 2 a prey for the small, piece-eating cookiecutter sharks and other unidentified fishes; 3 a prey for large sharks able to kill a dolphin; and 4 a particulate food supplier for plankton-eating fishes.

  13. Nueva documentación contextualizada sobre Fernando Remacha (*1898; †1984

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    Andrés Vierge, Marcos

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides new information about Fernando Remacha (1898-1984. First, information is contrasted two critical reviews of La Libertad and El Sol with a incomplete copy of a composition Remacha Eresbil deposited in the Archives of Errentería. Second, are transcribed, analyzed and contextualized nine letters written in 1959. Finally, transcribed and contextualizes a letter the composer Agustín González Acilu Remacha directed in 1967.El presente artículo aporta nueva documentación sobre Fernando Remacha (1898-1984. En primer lugar, se contrasta la información de dos reseñas críticas de La libertad y El Sol con una copia incompleta de una obra de Remacha depositada en el Archivo Eresbil de Errentería. En segundo lugar, se transcriben, analizan y contextualizan 9 cartas escritas en 1959. Finalmente, se transcribe y contextualiza una carta del compositor Agustín González Acilu dirigida a Remacha en 1967.

  14. Dinamismo de la agroindustria en el Corredor Costero de Chiapas, México. Coordinación y competitividad territorial

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hector B Fletes Ocon; Maria Guadalupe Ocampo Guzman; Guillermo Salvador Valdiviezo Ocampo

    2016-01-01

    It is presented an analysis of the agroindustry coordination´s forms in Chiapas, in the South Pacific of Mexico, in the context of globalization processes and the neoliberal transformation of the State...

  15. Evaluation of mass trapping and bait stations to control Anastrepha (Diptera: Tephritidae) fruit flies in mango orchards of Chiapas, Mexico

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Salvador Flores; Enoc Gómez; Sergio Campos; Fredy Gálvez; Jorge Toledo; Pablo Liedo; Rui Pereira; Pablo Montoya

    2017-01-01

    ...) and Anastrepha ludens (Loew) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in mango orchards in Chiapas, Mexico. Among the bait stations evaluated, we found that a wide-mouth 2 L plastic bottle baited with Cera Trap...

  16. Labor and delivery service use: indigenous women's preference and the health sector response in the Chiapas Highlands of Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibáñez-Cuevas, Midiam; Heredia-Pi, Ileana B; Meneses-Navarro, Sergio; Pelcastre-Villafuerte, Blanca; González-Block, Miguel A

    2015-12-23

    Mexico has undertaken important efforts to decrease maternal mortality. Health authorities have introduced intercultural innovations to address barriersfaced by indigenous women accessing professional maternal and delivery services. This study examines, from the perspective of indigenous women, the barriers andfacilitators of labor and delivery care services in a context of intercultural and allopathic innovations. This is an exploratory study using a qualitative approach of discourse analysis with grounded theory techniques. Twenty-five semi-structured interviews were undertaken with users and non-users of the labor and delivery services, as well as with traditional birth attendants (TBAs) in San Andrés Larráinzar, Chiapas in 2012. The interviewees identified barriers in the availability of medical personnel and restrictive hours for health services. Additionally, they referred to barriers to access (economic, geographic, linguistic and cultural) to health services, as well as invasive and offensive hospital practices enacted by health system personnel, which limited the quality of care they can provide. Traditional birth attendants participating in intercultural settings expressed the lack of autonomy and exclusion they experience by hospital personnel, as a result of not being considered part of the care team. As facilitators, users point to the importance of having their traditional birth attendants and families present during childbirth, to allow them to use their clothing during the attention, that the staff of health care is of the female sex and speaking the language of the community. As limiting condition users referred the different medical maneuvers practiced in the attention of the delivery (vaginal examination, episiotomy, administration of oxytocin, etc.). Evidence from the study suggests the presence of important barriers to the utilization of institutional labor and delivery services in indigenous communities, in spite of the intercultural

  17. Yupingfeng San

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xue; Shen, Jiawen; Fan, Danping; Qiu, Xuemei; Guo, Qingqing; Zheng, Kang; Luo, Hui; Shu, Jun; Lu, Cheng; Zhang, Ge; Lu, Aiping; Ma, Chaoying; He, Xiaojuan

    2017-01-01

    Yupingfeng San (YPFS) is a representative Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) formula with accepted therapeutic effect on Asthma. However, its action mechanism is still obscure. In this study, we used network pharmacology to explore potential mechanism of YPFS on asthma. Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor pathway was shown to be the top one shared signaling pathway associated with both YPFS and asthma. In addition, NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome was treated as target protein in the process of YPFS regulating asthma. Further, experimental validation was done by using LPS-stimulated U937 cells and ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized BALB/c mice model. In vitro experiments showed that YPFS significantly decreased the production of TNF-α and IL-6, as well as both mRNA and protein levels of IL-1β, NLRP3, Caspase-1 and ASC in LPS-stimulated U937 cells. In vivo experiment indicated that YPFS treatment not only attenuated the clinical symptoms, but also reduced inflammatory cell infiltration, mucus secretion and MUC5AC production in lung tissue of asthmatic mice. Moreover, YPFS treatment remarkably decreased the mRNA and protein levels of IL-1β, NLRP3, Caspase-1 and ASC in lung tissue of asthmatic mice. In conclusion, these results demonstrated that YPFS could inhibit NLRP3 inflammasome components to attenuate the inflammatory response in asthma.

  18. ATTENTION OF CHILDBIRTH, RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION AND PUBLIC POLITICS OF REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH IN INDIGENOUS POPULATION OF CHIAPAS

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    Austreberta Nazar Beutelspacher, Benito Salvatierra Izaba y Emma Zapata Martelo

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper it’s analyze the tendencies of childbirth attention of urban indigenous women excluded in Chiapas, from rural settlement in Los Altos de Chiapas. It’s an exploratory essay which contributes to clear up the relation that establishes immigrant indigenous population with institutional health services for childbirth attention and modifications in traditional medicine. Are discussed the scopes of these changes in the operation of the institutional program of reproductive health and the risk of mother death.

  19. Flood Risk in Motozintla de Mendoza, Chiapas: An Approximation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, F.; Novelo-Casanova, D. A.

    2012-12-01

    The town of Motozintla de Mendoza (15o 22' N and 92o 15' W) is located southern Chiapas, Mexico, and it is highly exposed to flood hazards. This community has suffered the impact of two disaster events due to this natural hazard in less than ten years, the first one in 1998 and the second one in 2005. The objective of this research is to assess the level of flood risk in the community of Motozintla. The methodology consisted of four steps: (1) Identification of the level of flood hazard; (2) Vulnerability assessment considering weighted variables according to their level of incidence on the local risk conditions; (3) Preparation of risk matrices for each area exposed to floods; and 4) Cartographic representation and spatial analysis of the results. We obtained a Geographical Information System (GIS) map for each group of analyzed vulnerabilities (structural, public services, socio-economic, existing plans in case of contingencies, and risk perception) and one map associated to global vulnerability (overposing of all estimated vulnerabilities). These maps demonstrates that the local conditions of structural vulnerability have a high incidence in the generation of risk, differing from the lack of public basic services, which although unfavorable for the population, it is not a deciding factor for preserving life or housing. Another interesting result is that the lack of preparation of the community to face a disaster generates a higher risk level than the other analyzed socioeconomic conditions. The global vulnerability allowed us to determine with greater detail the flood risk levels in the community. Our results indicate that the area in Motozintla with the highest level of flood risk is located in the margins of the Xelajú river, particularly the region that was flooded in 2005, which is precisely the area where the rivers Xelajú, Allende and La Mina meet and the river flow increases. Unfortunately, the northeasters part of this zone had been populated by people

  20. Firewood deficit in coffee communities of Chenalhó, Chiapas

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    Juan Manuel Ramírez López

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Firewood is the main energy source for many indigenous communities in Mexico. We studied the relationship between consumption and availability of firewood in a group of coffee producers and describe their strategies developed to meet the shortfall in supply of firewood in eight coffee communities of Chenalho, Chiapas. The analysis included participatory workshops, interviews, direct measurement of consumption, collection and botanical identification of plant material of species used for firewood. The consumption of firewood varied between 3.7 ± 1.5 to 3.9 ± 2.7 kg person -1 days-1. In general, families with more members optimize the use of fuel to reduce the rate of consumption per capita, families with 10 to 12 members take up to 55% less in relation to families of 2-4 people. The loss of original vegetation cover has resulted in a dearth of species traditionally used for firewood (eg., oaks as now used species from agroforestry systems to meet the demand for firewood. Actions to reduce consumption are limited to keep the fire off when not in use in food preparation and use of devices to reduce the time of preparation of “tortillas”. Although some families have adopted theuse of saving stoves as a strategy to reduce consumption found not found significant differences (p> 0.05 in relation to consumption using the traditional stove (4.1 ± 1.7 vs. 3.7 ± 1.5 kg person-1 days-1, respectively. Although the coffeeplantations are ongoing source of supply of firewood, they do not meet the demands, so that some families must buy investing $1631 ± 1203 Mexican pesos yearly. It is envisaged that the firewood deficit will worsen in coming years giventhe increase in population density, the floristic impoverishment, continued deforestation and forest fragmentation. There is low potential for wood energy plantations in current areas of coffee production, while they do not outweigh the economic benefits obtained from the coffee.

  1. El Cabildo catedralicio de Mallorca y la política de Fernando II el Católico = The Cathedral Chapter of Majorca and the Politics of Fernando II the Catholic

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Albert Cassanyes Roig

    2017-01-01

    Fernando II e Isabel de Castilla obtuvieron el título de “Reyes Católicos” gracias a su política religiosa. El presente artículo estudia las relaciones entre el Cabildo de Mallorca y el rey...

  2. Fernando Pessoa and Aleister Crowley: new discoveries and a new analysis of the documents in the Gerald Yorke Collection

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pasi, M.; Ferrari, P.

    2012-01-01

    The documents concerning the relationship between Fernando Pessoa and Aleister Crowley preserved in the Yorke Collection at the Warburg Institute (London) have been known for some time. However, recent new findings have prompted a new analysis of the dossier. The purpose of this article is to have a

  3. Fernando González: caminando por su novela Viaje a pie

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    FRANCISCO LUIS GIRALDO GUTIÉRREZ

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Fernando González, ícono de la tradición literaria antioqueña, ha hecho que hoy en día las profundas y polémicas ideas sobre la realidad de su época lo presenten como un escritor con alta sensibilidad social, política y un constante renegar religioso. “Caminar” por la obra Viaje a pie , es precisamente eso: recorrer los senderos que él transitó en un tiempo. En el presente artículo se busca conocer la concepción que el autor tiene sobre la geografía, el amor, el desamor, la familia, la política y la religión, procurando así una caracterización del pensador envigadeño, la contextualización de los hechos y escenarios presentes en la obra referenciada.

  4. La narrativa de la desesperanza: El embarcadero de los incurables (1998 de Fernando Cruz Kronfly

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    Iván Vicente Padilla Chasing

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Antes de entrar en algunos detalles de la novela El embarcadero de los incurables (1998, a través del problema de la desesperanza, este artículo busca, primero, articular esta novela a una tradición narrativa y, luego, ubicarla en el conjunto de la obra de Fernando Cruz Kronfly. En términos generales el problema y su expresión novelesca son entendidos como una evaluación estética de la crisis de la modernidad y sus valores, así como una toma de posición frente a los asaltos del sentir y el modo posmoderno de vida. A manera de ejemplo, haciendo énfasis en el tipo de novela practicado por el autor, en esta se analiza la condición de los sujetos de hoy y su intrascendencia en las urbes posmodernas.

  5. Los huicholes, de Fernando Benítez: un relato de viaje

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    Lucero Margarita Aguirre-Valdés

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El género relato de viaje cuenta con una nueva apertura para su campo de estudio gracias a las investigaciones del español Luis Alburquerque García. Haciendo uso de sus aportaciones teóricas, este trabajo busca aplicarlas al texto Los huicholes , del escritor y periodista Fernando Benítez. Se demostró que en la construcción de dicha obra participan de igual manera lo referencial y la literatura gracias al constante uso del lenguaje poético; al mismo tiempo que se mantiene en el límite entre dos disciplinas, una objetiva e informativa, y otra, subjetiva y estética.

  6. Men in transit: The spectrum of masculinity in Caio Fernando Abreu’s White Limit (1970

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    Juan Filipe Stacul

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In the present work, we aim at discussing the construction of subjectivity in relation to gender categories, especially in regards to male identity, in Caio Fernando Abreu’s first novel White Limit (Original title: Limite branco, 1970. We believe that the protagonist’s process of aging, alongside with his subject’s formation, in the narrative, takes us to face a fluidity, which puts at stake the notions of what is taken for granted as appropriate for the  individual.  Studies on the displacement of the contemporary subject, Gender Studies, and on men's studies in particular, will serve as the theoretical apparatus for the discussions raised here.

  7. O drama e o espanto: sobre poesia e filosofia em Fernando Pessoa

    OpenAIRE

    Souza, Fabrício Lúcio Gabriel de

    2011-01-01

    Este estudo tem sua origem na afirmação de Fernando Pessoa: “Eu era um poeta animado pela filosofia, não um filósofo com faculdades poéticas”. Desse modo, através de uma análise imanente, mostraremos primeiramente como se constituíram as ideias estéticas desse poeta e dos seus heterônimos, Antônio Mora e Álvaro de Campos. Depois, seguindo uma reflexão a partir da leitura crítica dos poemas tanto do poeta ortônimo, quanto dos três principais heterônimos, Alberto Caeiro, Ricardo Reis e Álvaro d...

  8. Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxochitl et son Histoire [de la nation] chichimèque

    OpenAIRE

    Lesbre, Patrick

    2010-01-01

    Considérée comme le dernier ouvrage du chroniqueur métis Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxochitl et son œuvre la plus aboutie, l’Historia [de la Nación] Chichimeca porte un titre ambigu. Mais le concept de nation y est présent, à défaut d’y abonder. Et si celui de nation chichimèque ne prédomine pas, l’auteur construit néanmoins une fiction d’histoire nationale préhispanique centrée autour de la chichiméquité, de l’empire et de la langue nahuatl. Seen as the last book of the mixed-race chronicler F...

  9. Los documentos cifrados en la corte de Fernando VI (1746-1759

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    Pedro Luis Lorenzo Cadarso

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo ofrece un estudio de la correspondencia cifrada a mediados del siglo xviii desde una triple perspectiva: paleográfica, reconstruyendo los sistemas de codificación empleados; diplomática, explicando el proceso de expedición y la estructura del discurso de estos documentos: e histórica, reflexionando sobre su empleo en la diplomacia borbónica. Se incluye también un breve estado de la cuestión acerca de la criptografía de la época y un repertorio de fuentes documentales cifradas.This article is a study about the documentes writing in code during the whole reign of Fernando VI (1746- 1759 of Spain. We make use triple view: The Paleography, the Diplomatic and the History. Its also included a brief introduction about the Cryptography and a catalogue of selected documents in code.

  10. NOTA DE PESQUISA: AS MÁSCARAS DE PLATÃO E FERNANDO PESSOA

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    Rodolfo Lopes

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available A proposta de pesquisa brevemente esboçada nesta nota nasceu de um modo tão insólito quanto talvez seja o seu principal objetivo. Durante uma aula que ministrei na ANPOF de 2016 (inserida no Minicurso Platão e Platonismo, em que tive o prazer de colaborar com os colegas e amigos Gabriele Cornelli e Renato Matoso sobre algumas dificuldades metodológicas resultantes do singular registo em que Platão codificou a sua filosofia, e particularmente a propósito da galeria de personagens que lhe vão dando voz(es, surgiu-me a seguinte hipótese: poderá a heteronímia de Fernando Pessoa contribuir, de algum modo, para reconstituir uma 'teoria da personagem' (implícita em Platão?

  11. Intertextual relationships and litterary competency in Fernando Alonso’s narrative work

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    Sánchéz García, S.

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The teaching of literature in the school focustheir objectives in the formation of the literarycompetence, for this reason literary studies shouldopt for a global discourse analysis, studying notonly formal and structural aspects of the literarytexts, but also considering the receptor and thecontext under which literary communicationoccurs. The relations established between thediscourse and the reader should be a key elementin addressing the analysis of literary texts. In thisregard we emphasize the importance of intertextualresources for the formation of a strong literarycompetence and development of the intertextreader.Taking into account the ludic and didactic possibilities that the intertextual game presents for the child reader, in this article we analyze the intertextual reference contained in the works of Fernando Alonso. El misterioso influjo de la barquillera and Las raíces del mar. Two narrations that indicate the potential of such texts to stimulate reading and didactic use of the literature.

  12. Travel guides by Fernando Pessoa and Manuel Bandeira: a compared reading

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    Danielle Alves Lopes

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present a compared reading of the travel guides Lisboa: o que o turista deve ver (1925, by Fernando Pessoa and Guia de Ouro Prêto (1938, by Manuel Bandeira, in the scope of the studies in literature and tourism. The reading highlights the authorial intent in each text, the historical and cultural context in which they arose, and the political changes – considering that these guides are not only works of the Modernist movement, but also nationalist expressions in search of reclaiming the national identity. Additionally, the article places the guides by Pessoa and Bandeira in the historiography of tourism and literature, both in Portugal and in Brazil, and focuses on the fact that both texts reinterpret the cities, create myths and encourage a close look – that shifts between fiction and reality – on the city spaces in Lisbon and Ouro Preto.

  13. Ácaros em poeira domiciliar das capitais brasileiras e ilha Fernando de Noronha

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    Archibaldo Bello Galvão

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho é um estudo taxinômico de ácaros admitidos ou não como alergizantes, encontrados em amostras de poeira domiciliar, colhidas em todas as capitais do Brasil e Território Fernando de Noronha por guardas da SUCAM e enviadas por essa entidade ao Professor Leonidas de Mello Deane. Foram classificadas dez espécies pertencentes a cinco famílias, cujas posições sistemáticas são determinadas por definições e chaves: Pyroglyphus africanus, Euroglyphus maynei, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Dermatophagoides farinae, Dermatophagoides deanei, Sturnophagoides brasiliensis, Blomia tropicalis, Suidasia pontifica, Chortoglyphus arcuatus e Cheyletus malaccensis.This paper deals with the geographical distribution of astigmatid mites related to human allergy and found in house dust samples collected in all states capitals in Brazil. Definitions and keys for the identification of the species of mites are presented.

  14. Teología literaria en El desbarrancadero de Fernando Vallejo

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    Juanita Cristina Aristizábal

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo indaga en las resonancias modernistas en El desbarrancadero (2001 de Fernando Vallejo. Tomando como punto de partida las conexiones que la novela establece con Rubén Darío y Vargas Vila, propone que la escritura de Vallejo dialoga con varias de las coordenadas que marcaron la producción cultural en el periodo de entresiglos en América Latina y Europa. La lectura de la novela se ocupa de la forma que, un siglo más tarde, toman en el discurso de Vallejo temas como el simbolismo, la muerte de Dios, la sacralización de la poesía y la identidad nacional.

  15. San Mateo Creek Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    The San Mateo Creek Basin comprises approximately 321 square miles within the Rio San Jose drainage basin in McKinley and Cibola counties, New Mexico. This basin is located within the Grants Mining District (GMD).

  16. La araneofauna (Araneae) reciente y fósil de Chiapas, México The extant and fossil spider fauna (Araneae) from Chiapas, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Ángel García-Villafuerte

    2009-01-01

    Se presenta una lista de las especies actuales y fósiles de arañas (Araneae) registradas para Chiapas. Hasta el momento se registran 464 especies actuales, distribuidas en 281 géneros y 56 familias. Las familias con mayor diversidad son Salticidae, Theridiidae, Araneidae, Tetragnathidae y Gnaphosidae. Se proporcionan los géneros y especies en sinonimia, así como los géneros y especies que han sido transferidos a otras familias, y las especies transferidas a otros géneros dentro de la misma fa...

  17. Métrica, tropos y figuras en las Anotaciones de Fernando de Herrera

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    Torre, Esteban

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In the year 1580 in Seville, the Works of Garcilaso de la Vega with Annotations by Fernando de Herrera were first published, in which he edits and comments on thirty-five sonnets, five songs, two elegies, one letter, and three eclogues by the Toledo-born poet. With the exception of the letter, each of the other poetic formats is followed by an extensive dissertation of a largely historical and scholarly kind. Yet, what is of greatest interest are the specific comments he makes upon concrete lines of verse, comments which reveal him as possessing a thorough knowledge of the poetic theories in vogue during the second half of the sixteenth century, and also as an extraordinarily perceptive and sensitive literary critic. In this discussion his numerous references to metrical-based issues, as well as to tropological and figurative language, are mulled over, analyzed, and systematized.En el año 1580, se publicaron por primera vez en Sevilla las Obras de Garcilaso de la Vega con anotaciones de Fernando de Herrera, que edita y comenta treinta y cinco sonetos, cinco canciones, dos elegías, una epístola y tres églogas del poeta toledano. Con excepción de la epístola, cada una de las otras formas poemáticas va seguida de una extensa disertación de corte fundamentalmente histórico y erudito. Pero lo más interesante son los comentarios puntuales que hace a determinados versos, que nos revelan a un profundo conocedor de las teorías poéticas vigentes en la segunda mitad del siglo XVI y a un crítico literario extraordinariamente perspicaz y sensible. Se reúnen, analizan y sistematizan aquí sus numerosísimas referencias a las cuestiones métricas y al lenguaje tropológico y figurado.

  18. Michael K. Scullin: Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    Presents Michael K. Scullin as the 2011 winner of the American Psychological Association Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award. "For an outstanding research paper that examines the relationship between prospective memory in executing a goal and various lapses of time from 20 minutes up to a 12- hour wake delay and a 12-hour sleep delay. The results suggest that consolidation processes active during sleep increase the probability of goal execution. The paper, titled 'Remembering to Execute a Goal: Sleep On It!' was published in Psychological Science in 2010 and was the basis for Michael K. Scullin's selection as the recipient of the 2011 Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award. Mark A. McDaniel, PhD, served as faculty research advisor." (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved). 2011 APA, all rights reserved

  19. Candidate Vectors and Rodent Hosts of Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus, Chiapas, 2006–2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deardorff, Eleanor R.; Estrada-Franco, Jose G.; Freier, Jerome E.; Navarro-Lopez, Roberto; Da Rosa, Amelia Travassos; Tesh, Robert B.; Weaver, Scott C.

    2011-01-01

    Enzootic Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) has been known to occur in Mexico since the 1960s. The first natural equine epizootic was recognized in Chiapas in 1993 and since then, numerous studies have characterized the etiologic strains, including reverse genetic studies that incriminated a specific mutation that enhanced infection of epizootic mosquito vectors. The aim of this study was to determine the mosquito and rodent species involved in enzootic maintenance of subtype IE VEEV in coastal Chiapas. A longitudinal study was conducted over a year to discern which species and habitats could be associated with VEEV circulation. Antibody was rarely detected in mammals and virus was not isolated from mosquitoes. Additionally, Culex (Melanoconion) taeniopus populations were found to be spatially related to high levels of human and bovine seroprevalence. These mosquito populations were concentrated in areas that appear to represent foci of stable, enzootic VEEV circulation. PMID:22144461

  20. The 'right hand of the hospital' in a tumultuous land': 'Auxiliary nurses' in Chiapas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiss, Diana

    2005-01-01

    For many, the road to a career in nursing is an unexpected one, with challenging twists and turns along the way. But rarely does it begin with escape down a rain-beaten jungle path, pursued by wined soldiers and tanks. Such is the saga of group of young Mayan auxiliary nurses, who have steadfastly served their commuitities in the troubled southeastern Mexican state of Chiapas, a place where most doctors had fled.

  1. WILDLIFE USE BY RURAL COMMUNITIES IN THE CATAZAJÁ - LA LIBERTAD WETLANDS, CHIAPAS, MÉXICO

    OpenAIRE

    Yasminda García-Del Valle; María Consuelo Escobar-Ocampo; Emilio I. Romero-Berny; Karina González-Bocanegra

    2011-01-01

    The use of wild vertebrates was analyzed for rural communities in Catazajá and La Libertad municipalities, Chiapas state. From interviews (n=190) and two workshops (January 2007-December 2008) applied to four communities (Playas, Punta Arena, Morelos and La Libertad), species, uses, sites and hunting seasons were recorder. A total of 24 species were recognized by local people as resources for food, sale, pet, craft and traditional medicine. Jicotea tortoise (Trachemys scripta), nine banded ar...

  2. Flood risk assessment. Case of study: Motozintla de Mendoza, Chiapas, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    David A. Novelo-Casanova; Frances Rodríguez-Vangort

    2016-01-01

    Due to its geographical location, the community of Motozintla de Mendoza (Motozintla) in the State of Chiapas, Mexico, is continuously exposed to the impact of natural hazards. In this work, we assessed the flood risk of Motozintla considering the structural, socioeconomic, organizational, and global (structural, socioeconomic, and organizational) vulnerabilities. In addition, we also measured the local risk perception. Spatial maps were generated to determine the most vulnerable and risk are...

  3. Larval habitat characterization of Anopheles darlingi from its northernmost geographical distribution in Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villarreal-Treviño, Cuauhtémoc; Penilla-Navarro, R Patricia; Vázquez-Martínez, M Guadalupe; Moo-Llanes, David A; Ríos-Delgado, Jana C; Fernández-Salas, Ildefonso; Rodríguez, Américo D

    2015-12-22

    Anopheles darlingi is considered the most efficient malaria vector in the Neotropical region. In Mexico, its role as an incriminated vector of Plasmodium has not been confirmed in the Lacandon forest. Similarly, knowledge about bionomic and larval ecology is scarce. The study aim was to identify and describe the larval habitats of An. darlingi in Chiapas, México. Standard larval collections were performed in the Lacandon forest region and in the Soconusco region of southern Chiapas from January 2010 to April 2014, including dry and rainy seasons. Mean larval density of An. darlingi was estimated according to hydrological types, and associations between the presence of An. darlingi and environmental factors including ecological parameters and geographic positions were statistically analysed. One hundred and twelve aquatic habitats were analysed, 80 from the Lacandon forest region and 32 from the Soconusco region; 94.64% of these sites presented anopheline larvae. In total, 10,977 larvae belonging to 11 Anopheles species were collected. The 19 (out of 112) larval habitats positive to An. darlingi were: rain puddles (26.32%), ground pools (21.05%), ponds (15.79%), ditches (15.79%), river margins (10.53%) and streams (10.53%). Overall, the average (±SD) larval density was 6.60 ± 2.41 larvae per dip. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that temporary habitats, green algae presence and stagnant water were associated with An. darlingi larval presence. The positive habitats were found in the Lacandon forest region during the rainy season (May-September). No specimens were found in the Soconusco region of the coastal plain of Chiapas. The mosquito An. darlingi larval habitats were found in different hydrological types. The habitat stability, presence of algae and water current were the main factors for An. darlingi larval occurrence. The information on the characteristics of the larval habitats of An. darlingi will be useful in sustainable programmes for malaria

  4. Genetic Diversity in Jatropha curcas Populations in the State of Chiapas, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Salvador-Figueroa; Lourdes Adriano-Anaya; Juan Núñez-Farfán; Francisco Espinosa-García; Adriana Sánchez-Gutiérrez; Isidro Ovando-Medina

    2011-01-01

    Jatropha curcas L. has become an important source of oil production for biodiesel fuel. Most genetic studies of this plant have been conducted with Asian and African accessions, where low diversity was encountered. There are no studies of this kind focusing in the postulated region of origin. Therefore, five populations of J. curcas were studied in the state of Chiapas, Mexico, using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. One hundred and fifty-two useful markers were obtained:...

  5. The 8 September 2017 Tsunami Triggered by the M w 8.2 Intraplate Earthquake, Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramírez-Herrera, María Teresa; Corona, Néstor; Ruiz-Angulo, Angel; Melgar, Diego; Zavala-Hidalgo, Jorge

    2017-12-01

    The 8 September 2017, M w 8.2 earthquake offshore Chiapas, Mexico, is the largest earthquake in recorded history in Chiapas since 1902. It caused damage in the states of Oaxaca, Chiapas and Tabasco, including more than 100 fatalities, over 1.5 million people were affected, and 41,000 homes were damaged in the state of Chiapas alone. This earthquake, an intraplate event on a normal fault on the oceanic subducting plate, generated a tsunami recorded at several tide gauge stations in Mexico and on the Pacific Ocean. Here, we report the physical effects of the tsunami on the Chiapas coast and analyze the societal implications of this tsunami on the basis of our post-tsunami field survey. The associated tsunami waves were recorded first at Huatulco tide gauge station at 5:04 (GMT) 12 min after the earthquake. We covered ground observations along 41 km of the coast of Chiapas, encompassing the sites with the highest projected wave heights based on our preliminary tsunami model (maximum tsunami amplitudes between 94.5° and 93.0°W). Runup and inundation distances were measured along eight sites. The tsunami occurred at low tide. The maximum runup was 3 m at Boca del Cielo, and maximum inundation distance was 190 m in Puerto Arista, corresponding to the coast in front of the epicenter and in the central sector of the Gulf of Tehuantepec. Tsunami scour and erosion was evident along the Chiapas coast. Tsunami deposits, mainly sand, reached up to 32 cm thickness thinning landward up to 172 m distance.

  6. The 8 September 2017 Tsunami Triggered by the M w 8.2 Intraplate Earthquake, Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramírez-Herrera, María Teresa; Corona, Néstor; Ruiz-Angulo, Angel; Melgar, Diego; Zavala-Hidalgo, Jorge

    2018-01-01

    The 8 September 2017, M w 8.2 earthquake offshore Chiapas, Mexico, is the largest earthquake in recorded history in Chiapas since 1902. It caused damage in the states of Oaxaca, Chiapas and Tabasco, including more than 100 fatalities, over 1.5 million people were affected, and 41,000 homes were damaged in the state of Chiapas alone. This earthquake, an intraplate event on a normal fault on the oceanic subducting plate, generated a tsunami recorded at several tide gauge stations in Mexico and on the Pacific Ocean. Here, we report the physical effects of the tsunami on the Chiapas coast and analyze the societal implications of this tsunami on the basis of our post-tsunami field survey. The associated tsunami waves were recorded first at Huatulco tide gauge station at 5:04 (GMT) 12 min after the earthquake. We covered ground observations along 41 km of the coast of Chiapas, encompassing the sites with the highest projected wave heights based on our preliminary tsunami model (maximum tsunami amplitudes between 94.5° and 93.0°W). Runup and inundation distances were measured along eight sites. The tsunami occurred at low tide. The maximum runup was 3 m at Boca del Cielo, and maximum inundation distance was 190 m in Puerto Arista, corresponding to the coast in front of the epicenter and in the central sector of the Gulf of Tehuantepec. Tsunami scour and erosion was evident along the Chiapas coast. Tsunami deposits, mainly sand, reached up to 32 cm thickness thinning landward up to 172 m distance.

  7. From therapeutic to elective cesarean deliveries: factors associated with the increase in cesarean deliveries in Chiapas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freyermuth, María Graciela; Muños, José Alberto; Ochoa, María Del Pilar

    2017-05-25

    Cesarean deliveries have increased over the past decade in Mexico, including those states with high percentages of indigenous language speakers, e.g., Chiapas. However, the factors contributing to this trend and whether they affect indigenous languages populations remain unknown. Thus, this work aims to identify some of the factors controlling the prevalence of cesarean sections (C-sections) in Chiapas between the 2011-2014 period. We analyzed certified birth data, compiled by the Subsystem of Information on Births of the Secretary of Health and the National Institute of Statistics and Geography, and information regarding the Human Development Index (HDI), assembled by the United Nations Development Program. A descriptive analysis of the variables and a multilevel logistics regression model were employed to assess the role of the different factors in the observed trends. The results show that the factors contributing to the increased risk of C-sections are (i) women residing in municipalities with indigenous population and municipalities with high HDIs, (ii) advanced schooling, (iii) frequent prenatal checkups, and (iv) deliveries occurring in private health clinics. Furthermore, C-sections might also be associated with prolonged hospital stays. The increasing frequency of C-sections among indigenous populations in Chiapas seems to be related to public policies aimed at reducing maternal mortality in Mexico. Therefore, public health policy needs to be revisited to ensure that reproductive rights are being respected.

  8. [Food insecurity and social vulnerability in chiapas : the face of poverty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Rodríguez, Julio C; García-Chong, Néstor R; Trujillo-Olivera, Laura E; Noriero-Escalante, Lucio

    2014-12-01

    To estimate the frequency, distribution, and trends of food security/insecurity conditions of families in Chiapas and their relationship with low income factor and sociodemographic characteristics. Retrospective and cross-sectional descriptive study. Information of 1430 households from The National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012 was included. The Food Insecurity was measured using the harmonized version of the Latin and Caribbean Food Security Scale for México. 83% of households in Chiapas has some type of food insecurity, 86.5% is concentrated in the lower socioeconomic levels, 85% of households in rural areas have food insecurity, 87% of households beneficiary of Oportunidades still have food insecurity. A large part of this population continues to have high levels of Food Insecurity. Clearly targeted social programs designed to eliminate this lag, fail to reduce levels of access to food which affects the physical and intellectual potential development of Chiapas people, becoming an obstacle to the development of the State. Reorientation of food policy in México is considered. Copyright AULA MEDICA EDICIONES 2014. Published by AULA MEDICA. All rights reserved.

  9. Sinopsis de los Meloidae (Coleoptera de Chiapas (México y comentarios taxonómicos sobre el género Denierota Kaszab, 1959

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    Parra-Olea, G.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The revision of the specimens of the family Meloidae (Coleoptera from the small Entomological Collection of ECOSUR at San Cristóbal de las Casas (Chiapas, Mexico, together with the revision of the material of Chiapas from the National Insect Collection (CNIN-IBUNAM, Instituto de Biología, UNAM, México of the genus Epicauta, Hungarian Museum of Natural History (HMNH, Magyar Természettudományi Múzeum, Budapest and Marco A. Bologna’ collection (MAB, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Italy, allow us to report the presence of Epicauta diana Pinto, 1991, Epicauta rufipennis (Chevrolat, 1834, Epicauta forticornis (Haag-Rutenberg, 1880, Epicauta distorta (Champion, 1892, Meloe tropicus Motschulsky, 1856, Denierota kraatzi (Haag-Rutenberg, 1880, Pyrota decorata (Haag-Rutenberg, 1880, Cissites auriculata (Champion, 1892 and Tetraonyx frontalis Chevrolat, 1833 for the first time in the State of Chiapas (México. Amongst these records, those of M. tropicus confirm the presence of the species in Mexico. The specimen of D. kraatzi represents the first precise record for the genus Denierota in México. The study of the material used by Z. Kaszab to describe the genus Denierota (HNHM, together with the specimens from M. Bologna’s Collection and the study of photographs of the type specimens of Lytta sanguineoguttata Haag-Rutenberg, 1880 and Lytta kraatzi Haag-Rutenberg, 1880, the two taxa previously included in Denierota, from the Zoologische Staatssammlung of Münich (Germany, allow us to conclude that the genus includes only one described species, and to formalize the synonymy of L. sanguineoguttata with L. kraatzi, solving both the long standing problem of the identity of L. kraatzi and the secondary problem caused by the lack of type locality (“patria ignota” for the species.La revisión de los ejemplares de la familia Meloidae de la pequeña colección entomológica del ECOSUR en San Cristóbal de las Casas (Chiapas, México, acompañada del

  10. Alacranes (Arachnida: Scorpiones) de Frontera Corozal, en la selva lacandona, Chiapas, México, con la descripción de una nueva especie de Diplocentrus (Diplocentridae) Scorpions (Arachnida, Scorpiones) from Frontera Corozal, in the Lacandona rainforest, Chiapas, México, with the description of a new species of Diplocentrus (Diplocentridae)

    OpenAIRE

    Oscar F. Francke B.

    2007-01-01

    Se realizaron recolectas diurnas y nocturnas en la Comunidad de Frontera Corozal, Municipio de Ocosingo, Chiapas, México. Se registran 3 especies de escorpiones, 2 de la familia Buthidae y una de la familia Diplocentridae. Centruroides schmidti Sissom es un nuevo registro para el estado de Chiapas y Diplocentrus chol es una especie nueva.Diurnal and nocturnal collecting in the community of Frontera Corozal, Municipio Ocosingo, Chiapas, Mexico, revealed three species of scorpions, two belongin...

  11. Alacranes (Arachnida: Scorpiones de Frontera Corozal, en la selva lacandona, Chiapas, México, con la descripción de una nueva especie de Diplocentrus (Diplocentridae Scorpions (Arachnida, Scorpiones from Frontera Corozal, in the Lacandona rainforest, Chiapas, México, with the description of a new species of Diplocentrus (Diplocentridae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar F. Francke B.

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Se realizaron recolectas diurnas y nocturnas en la Comunidad de Frontera Corozal, Municipio de Ocosingo, Chiapas, México. Se registran 3 especies de escorpiones, 2 de la familia Buthidae y una de la familia Diplocentridae. Centruroides schmidti Sissom es un nuevo registro para el estado de Chiapas y Diplocentrus chol es una especie nueva.Diurnal and nocturnal collecting in the community of Frontera Corozal, Municipio Ocosingo, Chiapas, Mexico, revealed three species of scorpions, two belonging to the family Buthidae and one to Diplocentridae. Centruroides schmidtiSissom is a new record for the state of Chiapas, and Diplocentrus chol is described as a new species.

  12. CARLOS GARCÍA GUAL, JAVIER GOMÁ LANZÓN, FERNANDO SAVATER. MUCHAS FELICIDADES. TRES VISIONES Y MÁS DE LA IDEA DE FELICIDAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Laguna Mariscal

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Book review of: Carlos García Gual, Javier Gomá Lanzón, Fernando Savater. Muchas felicidades. Tres visiones y más de la idea de felicidad. Madrid: Ariel, 2015, 207 pp. ISBN: 978-84-344-1892-9. Keywords: Carlos García Gual, Javier Gomá Lanzón, Fernando Savater, happiness, Epicurus. // Resumen: Reseña: Carlos García Gual, Javier Gomá Lanzón, Fernando Savater. Muchas felicidades. Tres visiones y más de la idea de felicidad. Madrid: Ariel, 2015, 207 pp. ISBN: 978-84-344-1892-9. Palabras clave: Carlos García Gual, Javier Gomá Lanzón, Fernando Savater, felicidad, Epicuro.

  13. El escultor Fernando del Cid. Algunos datos sobre su vida y su actividad artística

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    Sánchez Rivera, Jesús Ángel

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The author attempts to outline the profile of a practically unknown sculptor, Fernando del Cid, who worked in Madrid during second half of the 18th century, as well as in other places in Spain. He includes a minimal catalogue of the artist’s works, over half of them newly attributed, with certain reservations.

    El presente artículo pretende esbozar el perfil de un escultor prácticamente desconocido, Fernando del Cid, que habría de desarrollar su actividad durante la segunda mitad del siglo XVIII en Madrid, proyectándola a otros lugares de España. En él incluimos un exiguo catálogo de obras, más de la mitad de ellas atribuidas ahora, con las debidas reservas.

  14. A reforma agrária no segundo mandato de Fernando Henrique Cardoso

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    José de Souza Martins

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available Já no primeiro mandato do presidente Fernando Henrique Cardoso, a política agrária sofreu reorientações significativas, que marcariam seu segundo mandato, a partir da nomeação de Raul Jungmann como ministro do Desenvolvimento Agrário. A reforma agrária finalmente encontrou o seu sujeito, a agricultura familiar, e o Estado encontrou a sua missão agrária como gestor do território. Foram assim estabelecidas as bases concretas para o exercício da função social da propriedade, recuperando o Estado, na prática, o domínio eminente do território do país. Importante providência nesse sentido foi a anulação dos títulos irregulares de propriedade de sessenta milhões de hectares de terra. O governo firmou a prerrogativa do Estado de "rotinizar" a redistribuição da terra concentrada e regular e assegurar o direito de propriedade em associação com a dupla alternativa de dois modelos agrícolas conviventes: o agronegócio e a agricultura familiar.During Fernando Henrique Cardoso's first term in office, the agrarian policy underwent significant changes that marked his second term, as of when Raul Jungmann was appointed Minister of Agricultural Development. Agrarian reform finally encountered its subject, subsistence crop farming, and the State found its agrarian mission as manager of the territory. Thus, the concrete foundations for the exercise of the social function of landownership were established, and the State recovered, in practice, the eminent domination of the country's territory. One of the important provisions was the annulment of irregular land deeds regarding 60 million hectares. The government determined it to be the prerogative of the State to make routine redistribution of concentrated land and to regulate and assure landownership rights associated to the double alternatives of two cohabitating agricultural models: agro-business and subsistence farming.

  15. Fernando Pessoa e as diferentes leituras de sua vida e obra

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    Pedro Teixeira da Mota

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available A vida e obra de Fernando Pessoa podem ser lidas e interpretadas de diferentes modos ou níveis. Entre as linhas de força dela destaca-se a do ocultismo ou esoterismo, patente desde cedo nos seus escritos, leituras e investigações. Devido à sua subtileza e natureza simbólica em que se expressa, o Esoterismo não é facilmente aceite ou compreendido por muitos comentadores menos sensíveis ou interessados em tais dimensões. Esta compreensão torna-se ainda mais difícil porque durante a sua vida Fernando Pessoa entrou em tantas investigações, criou tantas afiliações ou projectos, e porque muitos dos seus textos póstumos esotéricos não estavam datados, prestando-se assim a ser vistos como contraditórias. Torna-se então muito importante compreender as suas fontes de conhecimento culto, quem foram os autores que ele leu mais e anotou e que quais os temas e níveis mais investigados. Hoje é possível, com muitos mais inéditos publicados e a sua obra mais contextualizada pelos trabalhos milhares de investigadores, termos uma leitura e compreensão mais profunda do seu vastíssimo conhecimento, desde a poesia à sociologia, da astrologia e simbolismo às ordens esotéricas e iniciação e uma leitura mais acertada do seu caminho hermenêutico espiritual e do seu lugar na Tradição Literária e Espiritual Portuguesa, que delinearemos também rapidamente desde o galaico-português até ao Modernismo do século XX, partilhando ainda alguns textos esotéricos e autobiográficos mais significativos. Toda esta demanda oculta, manifestada hoje para nós nos seus múltiplos textos, anotações ou ensaios inéditos em vida, culminarão nos seus poemas esotéricos publicados em revistas, na sua obra prima a Mensagem, na defesa das Associações Secretas, e finalmente na sua iniciação, de que algumas indicações são dadas nas notas autobiográficas ou testamentos finais, dos quais partilhamos partes, ao que acrescentaremos alguns dos seus

  16. Tres Torres y un mar: La última obra de Fernando Cassinello

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    García-Sánchez, J. F.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The work of spanish architect, Fernando Cassinello Pérez has been rarely published, although he built a lot and well. His life is based on three areas: architectural production, academic and research activities. In this research his latest work will be discussed: Three Tower triplets Star-Building (1975 was built on the seafront in Zapillo, Almería; and that is a smart residential work of formal investigation and structural sincerity. Star-Building is an example of how, since the resignation and moderate density, it is possible to construct interesting proposals for housing -oriented towards tourism- on the beachfront. Of course, it deserves to be well known by who nowadays decides to design and build collective architecture. The three project versions will be discussed and described, also explaining how the structure and the traces of the process of building are the genesis and story of this work.La obra del arquitecto almeriense Fernando Cassinello Pérez ha sido escasamente publicada, pero lo cierto es que construyó mucho y bien. Su vida descansa sobre tres pilares: la producción arquitectónica, la actividad académica y la inquietud investigadora. Aquí se expondrá su última obra: las Tres Torres trillizas Star-Building (1975 que construyó frente al Paseo Marítimo de Almería, en el barrio de El Zapillo; y que son un elegante ejercicio residencial de investigación formal y sinceridad estructural. También son un ejemplo de cómo, desde la renuncia y con una densidad moderada, es posible construir interesantes propuestas de viviendas –orientadas al turismo– en la primera línea de playa. Y que, desde luego, merecen ser conocida por quien decida hoy proyectar y construir arquitectura colectiva. Se analizarán y describirán las tres versiones del proyecto; y se explicará cómo la estructura y las huellas del proceso de construcción son la génesis y el argumento de esta obra.

  17. Histórias de rua ou sexo & violência: o realismo suburbano de Fernando Bonassi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurício Silva

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo procura analisar as principais características da produção literária de Fernando Bonassi, um dos autores contemporâneos que, com mais persistência, procurou promover uma série de deslocamentos estruturais em sua ficção. Destacando aspectos formais e temáticos de sua obra, o presente texto insere o autor no diversificado plano estético do realismo suburbano.

  18. Ser coleto: plantas en las casas de El Cerrillo, San Cristóbal de las Casas, México

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    María M. Montaña Barbano

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presentan los resultados del análisis de una serie de entrevistas realizadas a mujeres del barrio El Cerrillo, en San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas, para conocer los significados que los coletos construyen alrededor de las plantas que mantienen dentro de sus casas. La aplicación del análisis componencial a las entrevistas permitió distinguir los términos usados en los testimonios, así como las formas en que se relacionan dichos términos. Se encontraron vínculos del uso y cuidado de las plantas con elementos propios del sistema cultural de San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas, entre los que destacan aspectos relativos a la religión, cocina, arquitectura y medicina. Podemos concluir que los cuidados y usos de las plantas implican una serie de conocimientos, valoraciones y prácticas que se interrelacionan con diversos elementos del sistema cultural de los coletos, convirtiéndose en una parte fundamental de las expresiones de la identidad del grupo.

  19. Estrategia para el manejo de suelos ácidos en frijol (phaseolus vulgaris l.) en el estado de Chiapas, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Bernardo Villar S\\u00E1nchez

    2000-01-01

    Estrategia para el manejo de suelos ácidos en frijol (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) en el estado de Chiapas, México. Por su contribución en la dieta alimenticia y la generación de empleos, y por existir una ancestral cultura productiva y una superficie de siembra de más de 100 mil hectáreas, el cultivo de frijol es de fundamental importancia en el estado de Chiapas. Sin embargo, se ha determinado una brecha tecnológica de más de 700 kg/ha entre el potencial del cultivo y los ren...

  20. 'An All Too Present Absence: Fernando Ortiz's Work on Abaku? in its Sociocultural Context

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    Stephan Palmié

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Focusses on the Abukuá associations, Afro-Cuban male initiatory secret societies, as such originated in Regla, Havana in 1836. Authors describe how Abakuá titleholders gained powerful social and labour positions in the Havana area, and how they were eventually outlawed in 1876. They point out how Abakuá societies by and since then were designated as negative and criminal in the public sphere, and condemned by many writers and politicians. They show how published accounts of Abakuá since the late 19th c and early 20th c. were thus seldom merely descriptive, but were presented as proof of Cuba's lagging modernity, and of a for some undesired Africanization. They further relate how Fernando Ortiz's studies and work on Abakuá fit in this. They note how Ortiz' s earlier "criminal anthropology" work on Abakuá was in the same negative and criminalizing vein, yet they point at changes, as in time he described and evaluated Abakuá as more positive, and as part of Cuban culture. They describe how Ortiz dedicated much effort to studying different aspects of Abakuá, and that extensive notations on these became part of his archive, which, as he told fellow-scholars, he would work out in an eventual monograph on Abakuá. The authors deplore that this monograph was not only never published, but also seems to have been lost.

  1. Relaciones intertextuales y competencia literaria en la obra narrativa de Fernando Alonso

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    Sandra Sánchez García

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La enseñanza de la literatura en la escuela centra sus objetivos prioritarios en la formación de la competencia literaria, por lo que los estudios literarios deben optar por un análisis global del discurso, estudiando no solo aspectos formales y estructurales del texto, sino teniendo en cuenta la figura del receptor y el contexto en los que se produce la comunicación literaria. Las relaciones que se establecen entre el discurso y el lector deben ser un elemento fundamental a la hora de abordar el análisis de los textos literarios. En este sentido queremos destacar la importancia de los recursos intertextuales para la formación de una competencia literaria sólida y el desarrollo del intertexto lector. Teniendo en cuenta las posibilidades lúdicas y didácticas que presentan para el lector infantil los juegos intertextuales, en este artículo analizamos las referencias intertextuales contenidas en las obras de Fernando Alonso: El misterioso influjo de la barquillera y Las raíces del mar. Dos narraciones que reflejan la potencialidad de este tipo de textos para la estimulación lectora y el tratamiento didáctico de la literatura.

  2. La racionalidad herética de Fernando Vallejo y el derecho a la felicidad.

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    Héctor Hoyos.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the critique of Christianity in the work of Fernando Vallejo through the study of the author’s heretic rationality and its manifestation in the depiction of mass media in the novel Our Lady of the Assassins (1994, trans. 2001. In light of the narrative El desbarrancadero (The Precipice, 2001 and the essay La puta de babilonia (The Whore of Babylon, 2007, one may appreciate how the media in the novel take over the role of social control that the religious icon gained internationally, under the papacy of Leo XIII, and in Colombia under the concordat between the State and the Holy See. Upon analyzing the way in which the essay describes this papacy, the article assesses its relevance for Colombian history within a global context and identifies the political-theological problem of the right to happiness as the substratum that motivates Vallejo’s refection about the relation between the international narcotics trade and the absence of constitutive civil and religious power at the local level.

  3. De Quito a Burgos: Migraciones y Ciudadanía (Fernando Represa Pérez, Coord.

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    Carlos Peláez Paz

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Un mapa, físico e intelectual, es lo que nos pretende ofrecer Fernando Represa en un viaje imaginario de Quito a Burgos, caminando a través de la compleja y tupida red tejida por los flujos migratorios de nuestro tiempo. En este mapa mental nos quiere señalar varios puntos clave que puedan servir para diseñar una hoja de ruta, un nuevo modo de representación del fenómeno migratorio. El subtítulo del libro, “Migraciones y ciudadanía” es una declaración de intenciones, situando en el horizonte de la titularidad de derechos y deberes, de la participación activa e inclusión en nuestra sociedad de esos “hombres y mujeres, que por muy diversos motivos han abandonado sus hogares para recorrer grandes distancias, físicas o simbólicas", siendo estas últimas en muchas ocasiones más duras e insalvables.

  4. Geochemistry of the alkaline volcanicsubvolcanic rocks of the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, southern Atlantic Ocean

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    Rosana Peporine Lopes

    Full Text Available The Fernando de Noronha Archipelago presents, on its main island, a centrally-located stratigraphic unit, the Remédios Formation (age around 8 - 12 Ma constituted by basal pyroclastic rocks intruded by dikes, plugs and domes of varied igneous rocks, capped by flows and pyroclastics of mafic to ultramafic rocks of the Quixaba Formation (age around 1 - 3 Ma, which is limited from the underlying unit by an extensive irregular erosion surface. A predominant sodic Remédios series (basanites, tephrites, tephriphonolites, essexite, phonolites can be separated from a moderately potassic Remédios sequence (alkali basalts, trachyandesites, trachytes, both alkaline series showing mostly continuous geochemical trends in variation diagrams for major as well as trace elements, indicating evolution by crystal fractionation (mainly, separation of mafic minerals, including apatites and titanites. There are textural and mineralogical evidences pointing to hybrid origin of some intermediate rocks (e.g., resorbed pyroxene phenocrysts in basaltic trachyandesites, and in some lamprophyres. The primitive Quixaba rocks are mostly melanephelinites and basanites, primitive undersaturated sodic types. Geology (erosion surface, stratigraphy (two distinct units separated by a large time interval, petrography (varied Remédios Formation, more uniform Quixaba unit and geochemistry indicate that the islands represent the activity of a protracted volcanic episode, fueled by intermittent melting of an enriched mantle, not related to asthenospheric plume activity.

  5. O campo político de FHC The political field of Fernando Henrique Cardoso

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    Alain Touraine

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available O artigo pretende mostrar que, embora o sociólogo presidente Fernando Henrique Cardoso tenha sido severamente criticado por ter abandonado suas antigas idéias e ter se entregado à ditadura do mercado, um balanço de seu primeiro mandato, além de ser claramente positivo, situa-o no domínio de centro-esquerda, o que faz esperar que sua segunda presidência poderá representar, para o Brasil, o renascimento da vida social e política.This article intends to show that the socialist and president FHC, even having being severely criticized for having abandoned his old ideas and having turned to be part of the market dictatorship, in a balance of his first mandate, has not only a clearly positive mandate, but also situates him in the middle-left domain, which makes us expect that his second presidency can represent the reborn of the social and political life in Brazil.

  6. Nise da Silveira, Fernando Diniz e Leon Hirszman: política, sociedade e arte

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    Walter Melo

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo aborda o processo de construção do filme Imagens do Inconsciente, mais especificamente do episódio Em Busca do Espaço Cotidiano, sobre Fernando Diniz e sua produção pictórica. O encontro entre a psiquiatra Nise da Silveira e o cineasta Leon Hirszman está marcado pela não dissociação de política, sociedade e arte. O trabalho terapêutico e de reabilitação psicossocial desenvolvido por Nise da Silveira tem como característica o estabelecimento de importantes conexões com o campo das artes, possibilitando o diálogo com toda a sociedade. Esse trabalho de transformação cultural e de mentalidades fez com que fosse questionada a exclusão social dos chamados doentes mentais e transformada a política de assistência no campo da saúde mental no Brasil.

  7. Vulnerabilidad y riesgo por inundación en San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas

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    Guillermo Montoya Gómez

    2008-01-01

    en las colonias localizadas en los márgenes de los ríos utilizando un modelo digital de elevación y aplicando encuestas. Se determinaron las características de las viviendas, el nivel de ingresos de sus pobladores y los grados de vulnerabilidad y riesgo a que están expuestos.

  8. Bedside ultrasound training at Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Hospital San Carlos in Chiapas, Mexico

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    Teri A. Reynolds

    2016-09-01

    Discussion: Introducing bedside ultrasound training in two distinct resource-limited settings was feasible and well-received. After a brief intensive period of training, participants successfully passed a comprehensive examination, including demonstration of standardised image acquisition and accurate interpretation of normal and abnormal studies.

  9. Hookworm infection and anemia in adult women in rural Chiapas, Mexico Anemia e infección por Necator americanus en mujeres en Chiapas, México

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    Paula E. Brentlinger

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe associations between anemia and hookworm (Necator americanus infection in hospitalized women in rural Chiapas, Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the hospital records of 68 anemic women (defined as having a hemoglobin level OBJETIVO: Describir la asociación entre anemia severa e infección con Necator americanus en una población de mujeres hospitalizadas en el estado de Chiapas, México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: En el registro de ingresos del año 1999 de un hospital rural en Altamirano, Chiapas, se identificaron a las pacientes con diagnósticos de egreso de anemia (definida como hemoglobina<10mg/dl y/o parasitosis intestinal. También se revisó el registro de transfusiones para identificar a las mujeres mayores de 14 años de edad que recibieron sangre. La revisión de expedientes y el análisis de datos se llevó a cabo en el año 2000. Las comparaciones de las características de las pacientes se hicieron con la prueba t de Student (para variables continuas y la prueba ji2 (para variables categóricas. La significancia estadística se estableció con un valor de p< 0.01. RESULTADOS: En las mujeres en quienes se realizó examen coproscópico, 50% tuvieron N. americanus. La presencia de N. americanus no excluyó la presencia de otro factor de riesgo para anemia, por ejemplo embarazo o hemorragia. Los niveles de hemoglobina de las mujeres infectadas con N. americanus fueron significativamente más bajos (promedio 4.1 g/dl que los de las demás mujeres anémicas (promedio 7.0 gm/dl, y la prevalencia de N. americanus en mujeres anémicas fue más alta (50.0% que en la población atendida por el hospital (1.9%. CONCLUSIONES: Aunque la prevalencia de infección con N. americanus no se considera alta en la población general mexicana, fue importante en las mujeres anémicas que se sometieron a coproscopía en nuestro estudio. Las mujeres anémicas ameritan coproscopía donde existe N. americanus, y pueden

  10. Monitoreo de prensa en el proceso estatal electoral de Chiapas 2000

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    Mtra. Juliana Matus López

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Políticamente el año 2000 resultó significativo para los mexicanos que vivimos el proceso electoral más controvertido en la historia de nuestro país. Esta contienda electoral no sólo fue definitiva en la vida nacional, lo fue también para muchas entidades federativas como Chiapas, que, coincidentemente se eligió también a un representante para gobernar al iniciar este nuevo milenio ante un clima de conflictos políticos, sociales y económicos que requieren ser atendidos.

  11. Morbilidad percibida y atención prenatal en mujeres marginadas de Chiapas, México

    OpenAIRE

    Estrada Arévalo, Ángel René; Salvatierra Izaba, Benito; Aguilar Ruiz, Candelaria Margarita; Nazar Beutelspacher, Austreberta

    2006-01-01

    Objetivo. Estimar la frecuencia de morbilidad percibida durante el embarazo en residentes de áreas urbanas marginales, así como la relación entre ésta y el número de consultas prenatales. Material y métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal en 15 asentamientos urbanos marginales de Chiapas. La muestra incluyó a mujeres en edad reproductiva recientemente embarazadas (n=230), entre quienes se indagó sobre morbilidad percibida y atención prenatal. Se realizó un análisis bivariado estimándose la...

  12. Malnutrition among children younger than 5 years-old in conflict zones of Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Pérez, Héctor Javier; Hernán, Miguel A; Ríos-González, Adriana; Arana-Cedeño, Marcos; Navarro, Albert; Ford, Douglas; Micek, Mark A; Brentlinger, Paula

    2007-02-01

    We performed a cross-sectional, community-based survey, supplemented by interviews with community leaders in Chiapas, Mexico, to examine the prevalence and predictors of child malnutrition in regions affected by the Zapatista conflict. The prevalence rates of stunting, wasting, and underweight were 54.1%, 2.9%, and 20.3%, respectively, in 2666 children aged younger than 5 years. Stunting was associated with indigenous ethnicity, poverty, region of residence, and intracommunity division. The results indicate that malnutrition is a serious public health problem in the studied regions.

  13. Adscripciones religiosas en Pantelhó, Chiapas. Un proceso de cambio social

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    Susana Villasana Benítez

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es dar a conocer cómo ha sido el proceso de cambio religioso a credos no católicos, a través de testimonios. En Pantelhó, Chiapas, el cambio religioso ha provocado división entre la población, desacuerdo por parte de los católicos y separación, rompiendo lazos de amistad y familiares. Estos cambios en las relaciones sociales se observaron en los testimonios que se presentan más adelante.

  14. Experiencias de mujeres migrantes que trabajan en bares de la frontera Chiapas-Guatemala

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    Carmen FERNÁNDEZ-CASANUEVA

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta una exploración de la experiencia migratoria de las mujeres centroamericanas que laboran en bares en la frontera sur de México, entre Chiapas y Guatemala, desde el momento en que toman la decisión de migrar, hasta el momento en que han cruzado la frontera y se encuentran trabajando en ese sector. Se busca comprender la relación dinámica que estas mujeres tienen con su contexto, y también el rol de las redes sociales durante el proceso.

  15. Malnutrition Among Children Younger Than 5 Years-Old in Conflict Zones of Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Pérez, Héctor Javier; Hernán, Miguel A.; Ríos-González, Adriana; Arana-Cedeño, Marcos; Navarro, Albert; Ford, Douglas; Micek, Mark A.; Brentlinger, Paula

    2007-01-01

    We performed a cross-sectional, community-based survey, supplemented by interviews with community leaders in Chiapas, Mexico, to examine the prevalence and predictors of child malnutrition in regions affected by the Zapatista conflict. The prevalence rates of stunting, wasting, and underweight were 54.1%, 2.9%, and 20.3%, respectively, in 2666 children aged younger than 5 years. Stunting was associated with indigenous ethnicity, poverty, region of residence, and intracommunity division. The results indicate that malnutrition is a serious public health problem in the studied regions. PMID:17194868

  16. Textiles para turistas: tejedoras y comerciantes en los Altos de Chiapas

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    Eugenia Bayona Escat

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The present work investigates the role played by indigenous women as producers and sellers of textile pieces, considered handworks and indigenous tradition, with high demand in the tourism market in the region to the Highlands of Chiapas, Mexico. The presence of tourism in the area has led to the consolidation of a complex local market of textiles in which intertwine weavers, distributors and traders, commercial chains and multiple retail spaces. Through this female agency and marketing of “indigenous”, the research studied a local context that allows indigenous women take new social positions while it integrates social global goods and imaginary aspects.

  17. Vivir en frontera. Movimientos Socio-religiosos en Chiapas y Guatemala

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    Gabriela Robledo Hernández

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se discuten los paralelismos de los movimientos de disidencia religiosa indígena en Chiapas y Guatemala, territorios que comparten, además de una frontera, una tradición histórica y cultural de larga data. Un significado compartido por estos movimientos es la construcción de nuevos proyectos colectivos sustentados en la experiencia del sentimiento numinoso, que al mismo tiempo proporcionan un capital social de suma importancia para estos pueblos quienes atraviesan por períodos de profunda transformación.

  18. Chalchiuhtotolin: la gallina de piedra preciosa y la cueva de La Chumpa, municipio de Jiquipilas, Chiapas

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    Thomas Arbol Lee Whiting

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available La Chumpa, cueva situada en un cerro del mismo nombre el cual se puede divisar desde el parque de Jiquipilas, Chiapas, localizado al otro lado del río La Venta, reconocido por los habitantes del municipio como encantado, figura en un juicio eclesiástico de brujos en el siglo XVII. La lectura de este juicio me despertó el interés por considerar el rol del pavo doméstico en la cosmología mesoamericana.

  19. Microcrédito y pobreza. La experiencia del programa Microempresas Sociales de Banmujer en Chiapas

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    Emma Del Carmen Aguilar-Pinto

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza la experiencia de beneficiarias del programa Microempresas Sociales (MES que opera en Chiapas desde 2001, a partir de los conceptos de pobre (sujeto, pobreza (contexto y empobrecimiento (proceso, propuestos por Vega- Estrada. Los resultados muestran que el papel de los microcréditos en la erradicación de la pobreza se ha sobrevalorado y que, si bien pueden contribuir a revertir el proceso de empobrecimiento, no inciden en el problema estructural de la pobreza. Con esto esperamos contribuir a la discusión en torno a si el microcrédito femenino es una herramienta efectiva de combate a la pobreza.

  20. LA INDUSTRIA DE LA PALMA DE ACEITE EN ACAPETAHUA, CHIAPAS: EL CASO DE PROPALMA

    OpenAIRE

    Mazariegos Sánchez, Adriana; Ã guila González, José Manuel; Martínez Chávez, Josefina; Arévalo Lozano, Ovidio

    2014-01-01

    This research presents a socio-organizational within the African Palm industry in Mexico, specifically in the company "Promotora de Palma del Soconusco S.A.P.I. CV- (Propalma)5, located in the municipality of Acapetahua, in the State of Chiapas, whose primary activity is the extraction of palm oil and palm kernel oil, and the production of products such as palm kernel and palm kernel husk flour. This research was developed under the qualitative approach, using the descriptive method, to see f...

  1. Utilization of agroindustrial waste for biosurfactant production by native bacteria from chiapas

    OpenAIRE

    Yañez-Ocampo Gustavo; Somoza-Coutiño Gilberto; Blanco-González Cristina; Wong-Villarreal Arnoldo

    2017-01-01

    In this work, two agro-industrial wastes, namely Waste Cooking Oil (WCO) and Coffee Wastewater (CW) have been used as the carbon source for the production of biosurfactants, due to their low cost and high availability. Biosurfactant-producing bacterial isolates from the Mexican state of Chiapas were used. The selected biosurfactant-producer strains were evaluated in a liquid medium with 2% (v/v) of WCO as the carbon source. The assay was conducted in an Erlenmeyer flask containing 300 mL aliq...

  2. Characterization of archaeological ceramic from Lagartero, Chiapas, Mexico, by nuclear and conventional techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tenorio, D.; Jimenez R, M.; Monroy G, F.; Romero G, E. T. [ININ, Carretera Mexico-Toluca s/n, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Rivero T, S., E-mail: dolores.tenorio@inin.gob.m [Instituto Nacional de Antropologia e Historia, Lic. Primo Verdad No. 3, 06060 Mexico D. F. (Mexico)

    2010-07-01

    Ceramic pot shards collected at the archaeological Mayan site of Lagartero, Chiapas, Mexico were analyzed by neutron activation analysis and data were statistically studied. The ceramics were of local manufacture and from other sites of the Upper Grijalva Basin and Guatemalan Lowlands and Highlands. X-ray diffraction indicated that quartz, feldspars montmorillonite and calcite are the main components of pastes. Pigments were analyzed by means of scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction, and hematite, pyrolusite, maghemite and calcite were identified. A discussion is presented in the context of the Mayan region. (Author)

  3. SAN CARLOS APACHE PAPERS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ROESSEL, ROBERT A., JR.

    THE FIRST SECTION OF THIS BOOK COVERS THE HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL BACKGROUND OF THE SAN CARLOS APACHE INDIANS, AS WELL AS AN HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THEIR FORMAL EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM. THE SECOND SECTION IS DEVOTED TO THE PROBLEMS OF TEACHERS OF THE INDIAN CHILDREN IN GLOBE AND SAN CARLOS, ARIZONA. IT IS DIVIDED INTO THREE PARTS--(1)…

  4. Interdisciplinary paleovegetation study in the Fernando de Noronha Island (Pernambuco State, northeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz C.R. Pessenda

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to reconstruct vegetation changes (with climate inferences that occurred during the Holocene in the Fernando de Noronha Island, Pernambuco State, northeastern Brazil. The research approach included the use of geochemical (mineralogy, elemental, carbon isotopes (δ13C, 14C and pollen analyses in soil organic matter (SOM and sediments collected in Lagoa da Viração and Manguezal do Sueste. The carbon isotopes data of SOM indicated that there was no significant vegetation changes during the last 7400 BP, suggesting that the climate was not the determinant factor for the vegetation dynamics. The pollen analysis of the sediment of a core collected in the Lagoa da Viração showed the absence of Quaternary material in the period between 720 BP and 90 BP. The mineralogical analysis of deeper layer showed the presence of diopside indicating this material was developed "in situ". Only in the shallow part of the core were found pollen of similar plant species of the modern vegetation. The geochemistry and isotope results, in association with the sediment type and pollen analyses of sediment samples of Manguezal do Sueste, indicated variations in the vegetation and in its location since the middle Holocene. Such variations can be associated with climatic events and sea level oscillations and also with anthropogenic events considering the last five hundred years.Esta pesquisa teve o objetivo de reconstruir trocas de vegetação (com referências climáticas que ocorreram durante o Holoceno na ilha de Fernando de Noronha, Estado de Pernambuco, nordeste do Brasil. Para o desenvolvimento da pesquisa utilizou-se de análises geoquímicas (minerais, elementar, isótopos do carbono (δ13C, 14C e análises polínicas em solos e sedimentos coletados na Lagoa da Viração e no manguezal do Sueste. Os isótopos do carbono dos solos indicaram que não houve trocas significativas de vegetação durante os últimos 7400 anos AP, sugerindo

  5. Heavy metal concentrations in soils from a remote oceanic island, Fernando de Noronha, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia M.B. de Oliveira

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the role of parent rock, pedogenetic processes and airborne pollution in heavy metal accumulation in soils from a remote oceanic island, Fernando de Noronha, Brazil. We studied five soil profiles developed from different volcanic rocks. Mineralogical composition and total concentrations of major and trace elements were determined in 43 samples. The obtained concentrations range for heavy metals were: Co: 26-261 ppm; Cu: 35-97 ppm; Cr: 350-1446 ppm; Ni: 114-691 ppm; Zn: 101-374 ppm; Hg: 2-150 ppb. The composition of soils is strongly affected by the geochemical character of the parent rock. Pedogenesis appears to be responsible for the accumulation of Zn, Co, and, to a lesser extent, of Ni and Cu, in the upper, Mn- and organic carbon-enriched horizons of the soil profiles. Pedogenic influence may also explain the relationship observed between Cr and the Fe. Hg is likely to have been added to the soil profile by long-range atmospheric transport. Its accumulation in the topsoil was further favoured by the formation of stable complexes with organic matter. Clay minerals do not appear to play an important role in the fixation of heavy metals.Este trabalho examina o papel da rocha parental, dos processos pedogenéticos e da poluição aerotransportada na acumulação dos metais pesados nos solos de uma ilha oceânica remota, Fernando de Noronha, Brasil. Foram estudados cinco perfis de solo desenvolvidos a partir de diferentes rochas vulcânicas. A composição mineralógica e as concentrações totais de elementos maiores e traços foram determinadas em 43 amostras. Os intervalos de concentração obtidos para os metais pesados foram: Co: 26-261 ppm; Cu: 35-97 ppm; Cr: 350-1446 ppm; Ni: 114-691 ppm; Zn: 101-374 ppm; Hg: 2- 150 ppb. A composição dos solos é fortemente afetada pelo caráter geoquímico da rocha parental. A pedogênese parece ser responsável pela acumulação de Zn, Co e, em menor grau, de Ni e Cu, nos horizontes

  6. The artists' materials of Fernando Melani: a precursor of the Poor Art artistic movement in Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlesi, Serena; Bartolozzi, Giovanni; Cucci, Costanza; Marchiafava, Veronica; Picollo, Marcello

    2013-03-01

    A comprehensive understanding of both the chemical composition and physical behaviour of modern materials is an important consideration in devising correct conservation treatments for contemporary artworks. To this end, national and international research projects and networks have been established that deal mainly with the preservation, conservation, and understanding of materials used by contemporary artists. This paper focuses on the self-taught artist Fernando Melani (1907-1985), one of the precursors of the Poor Art artistic movement in Italy, and for the first time provides a scientific viewpoint on the artist's materials and works. The analyses, which mainly focus on the pigments/dyes found in his home-studio, were carried out primarily by using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) and ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared Fibre Optic Reflectance Spectroscopy (UV-Vis-NIR FORS). This paper emphasises the performance of FT-IR and FORS in the identification of contemporary artistic materials, since these two techniques have been found to produce highly complementary data. The use of both of these was required in order to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the composition of Melani's materials. Furthermore, one of his artworks, named by Melani himself with its inventory number N. Inv. 2625 (1981), was investigated in situ with the sole use of the FORS technique. The results showed that Melani used traditional inorganic pigments as well as modern organic dyes. Calcite and barite were used as fillers and extenders. Sulphur and abrasive powder were also found, thus confirming his use of a large variety of non-conventional artists' materials. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Vector Surveillance for Dengue Virus Detection in the Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbosa, P P; Guedes, D R D; Melo-Santos, M A V; Cordeiro, M T; Acioli, R V; Batista, C A V; Gonçalves, L S M; Souza, M F M; Araújo, Y V; Magalhães, F J R; Regis, L; Ayres, C F J

    2016-05-01

    Aedes aegypti (L.) has become an efficient vector of important arboviruses due to its anthropophilic and domiciliary behaviors. Since the 1980s, dengue affects thousands of people every year in Brazil; in Fernando de Noronha (FN), a touristic archipelago, dengue cases have occurred since 2001. Once Ae. aegypti populations are well established in the inhabited areas of FN, the threat of dengue or another arbovirus epidemic is continuously imminent. This study aimed to monitor the DENV serotypes in mosquito samples collected in FN, where at least one resident was clinically diagnosed as dengue patient. Entomological surveillance was conducted in 2011 and 2012. Mosquitoes were sorted by sex and location and were stored in pools. DENV detection was performed using polymerase chain reaction with reverse transcription (RT-PCR) and the Platelia Dengue NS1 Ag. RNA integrity was checked by RT-PCR using rpL8 primers, and the minimum infection rate (MIR) was calculated. In total, 339 pools were analyzed, and only one was positive (DENV-1) by Multiplex RT-PCR (MIR = 1.53). When considering only pools with RNA integrity, the MIR was 2.92. Using the Platelia kit, the MIR was 9.18 (considering all the pools) and 17.54 (only 140 pools with RNA integrity). Our results showed the importance of a constant entomological surveillance in that area, the need to improve storage and transportation protocols, and an endogenous control in the RT-PCR to avoid false-negative results. Finally, our study indicated that the NS1-Ag detection was the most sensitive method and should be used routinely for DENV surveillance in mosquitoes if the serotype identification is not required. © The Authors 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  8. Marcas líricas em “O desempregado”, de Fernando Bonassi

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    Danglei Castro Castro Prereira

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este texto investiga traços líricos na narrativa contemporânea tomando como corpus a obra Violência e paixão, de Fernando Bonassi (2007. Tem como objetivo explorar a progressiva aproximação entre a prosa e a lírica em narrativas produzidas nas últimas décadas do século XX e XXI. Partimos do pressuposto que, muitas vezes, a narrativa do século XX aproxima diferentes gêneros e constrói uma prosa impregnada de elementos da lírica. Compreendemos a complexidade da delimitação dos gêneros literários nos últimos trinta anos ao investigar marcas líricas em narrativas curtas como as construídas pelo escritor paulistano. Tomaremos como base teórica as considerações de Octavio Paz (1972, 1994, Adorno (2003, Rosenfeld (1991, Berman (1987, no que se refere ao delineamento da narrativa e, em alguns casos, as considerações de Friedrich (1991, Baudelaire (1999 e Octavio Paz (2012 quanto aos elementos da lírica moderna em diálogo com a prosa de ficção. Nosso intuito é investigar elementos como a subjetividade, o traço individual de expressão e a utilização do ritmo, de imagens e sons próprios à lírica como recursos estilísticos na obra Violência e Paixão, de Bonassi.

  9. La Diplomacia Española y la Papal en la Corte Imperial de Fernando II

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    Pavel MAREK

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El presente trabajo aborda el estudio de las facciones cortesanas y los grupos de poder en la época del emperador Fernando II de Habsburgo, describiendo la influencia de España y de la Santa Sede en la creación de diferentes grupos de poder y corrientes políticas en la corte vienesa y praguense. El estudio utiliza como fuente principal las relaciones que enviaban los embajadores españoles y los nuncios papales, gracias a las cuales es posible averiguar las actitudes que ambas potencias católicas tomaban con respecto a los acontecimientos que sucedían en la Europa Central durante el primer tercio del siglo XVII, e identificar los grupos de personas que les ayudaban a realizar sus fines políticos en el periodo convulso del comienzo de la Guerra de los Treinta Años.ABSTRACT: The present study undertakes the revision of the court factions and power elites at the time of the emperor Ferndinand the II of Hapsburg, describing the influence of Spain and the Holy See in the creation of different faction and political groups in Vienna and Praghe Courts. The study uses like main source the relations that the Spanish ambassadors and the papal nuncios sent, thanks to which it is possible to find out the attitudes that both catholic powers took with respect to the events who happened in Central Europe during the first third of century XVII, and to identify the groups of people who helped them to make their political aims in the beginning of the Thirty Years War.

  10. "Arquitecturas del devenir" Aproximaciones a la performatividad del espacio; comentarios al libro de Fernando Quesada

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    Pablo Martínez Capdevila

    2016-05-01

    mano de una agenda oculta, o por lo menos no explícita: La voluntad de recuperar la dimensión emancipadora y política de la arquitectura y la  necesidad, urgente, de formular nuevas utopías provisionales,  contingentes, lúdicas, y a ser posible, abiertas. Abstract The book Arquitecturas del devenir is a compilation of texts by Fernando Quesada that share two explicit goals. The first one is to put forward the  concepts of becoming and, more specifically, performativity, as possible tools to rethink architecture’s capabilities for the determination of life and the transformation of reality. The second one is to incorporate a series of discourses, external to architecture, in order to "sharpen its capacities." A  commitment to disciplinary openness that leads Quesada to incorporate a rich repertoire of ideas and characters, often rarely visited, and which allows him to address a wide rang of architectural themes from new and enriching perspectives. There are two additional issues that add interest and  consistency to this intense anthology. On the one hand, a general spirit  that could be defined as presocratic and involves the valuation of  indeterminacy, contingency and the intermediate and impure categories. Performativity is thus extended to the very form of the discourse through a series of texts whose ultimate sense remains, somehow, suspended and open, pending on the subjectivity of the reader. On the other hand, a clear antagonism toward the biopolitical techniques, the processes meant to   design our subjectivities, and the world folded upon itself by globalized  capitalism. A resistant attitude that involves a hidden, or at least not  explicit, agenda: the will to regain the emancipatory and political  dimension of architecture and the urgent need to formulate new utopias. Utopias meant to be provisional, contingent, playful and, if possible, open.

  11. Levels of Organochlorine Pesticides in Blood Plasma from Residents of Malaria-Endemic Communities in Chiapas, Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruiz-Suarez, L.E.; Castro-Chan, R.A.; Rivero-Perez, N.E.; Trejo-Acevedo, A.; Guillen-Navarro, G.K.; Geissen, V.; Bello-Mendoza, R.

    2014-01-01

    Organochlorine (OC) pesticides have been extensively used for pest control in agriculture and against malaria vectors in the region of Soconusco, Chiapas, in southern Mexico. Our study aimed to identify whether the inhabitants of four Soconusco communities at different locations (i.e., altitudes)

  12. Occurrence of Entomopathogenic Fungi and Parasitic Nematodes on Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Larvae Collected in Central Chiapas, México

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ramiro E. Ruiz-Nájera; Ramiro A. Ruiz-Estudillo; Juan M. Sánchez-Yáñez; Jaime Molina-Ochoa; Steven R. Skoda; Roberto Coutiño-Ruiz; René Pinto-Ruiz; Francisco Guevara-Hernández; John E. Foster

    2013-01-01

    ....), between the V2 and V4 stages, in 22 localities of Central, Chiapas, México, called “La Frailesca” during late Jun 2009 to determine the occurrence of native entomopathogens and parasitic nematodes, and to determine the most parasitized instars...

  13. De pueblo de indios a centro regional. Las transformaciones históricas de un municipio de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisbona Guillén, Miguel

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Research on the town of Tapilula, in the Mexican state of Chiapas, belies the alleged cultural and ethnic immutability of the state's indigenous population that anthropologists have trumpeted over the past decades. Instead of a paradise of resistence against the constant inroads of modernity and Mexico's national culture, Chiapas appears to be, as the case of Tapilula suggests, continuously enmeshing in the historical and cultural context to which this area has belonged since colonial times.El estudio del municipio chiapaneco de Tapilula desmiente la pretendida inmutabilidad cultural y étnica de la población indígena de Chiapas que algunos antropólogos han propagado durante décadas. Lejos de tratarse de un paraíso de resistencia ante los continuos ataques de la modernización y la cultura nacional mexicana, Tapilula sugiere, más bien, un proceso ininterrumpido de imbricación en el contexto histórico y cultural al que ha pertenecido Chiapas desde los tiempos del Virreinato.

  14. Occurrence of entomopathogenic fungi and parasitic nematodes on Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae collected in Central Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fall armyworm larvae (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) were collected from whorl-stage cornfields, between the V2 and V4 stages, in 22 localities of Central, Chiapas, México, called "La Frailesca" during late June 2009 to determine the occurrence of native entomopathogens and parasitic nema...

  15. New Fossil Scorpion from the Chiapas Amber Lagerstätte.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riquelme, Francisco; Villegas-Guzmán, Gabriel; González-Santillán, Edmundo; Córdova-Tabares, Víctor; Francke, Oscar F; Piedra-Jiménez, Dulce; Estrada-Ruiz, Emilio; Luna-Castro, Bibiano

    2015-01-01

    A new species of scorpion is described based on a rare entire adult male preserved in a cloudy amber from Miocene rocks in the Chiapas Highlands, south of Mexico. The amber-bearing beds in Chiapas constitute a Conservation Lagerstätte with outstanding organic preservation inside plant resin. The new species is diagnosed as having putative characters that largely correspond with the genus Tityus Koch, 1836 (Scorpiones, Buthidae). Accordingly, it is now referred to as Tityus apozonalli sp. nov. Its previously unclear phylogenetic relationship among fossil taxa of the family Buthidae from both Dominican and Mexican amber is also examined herein. Preliminarily results indicate a basal condition of T. apozonalli regarding to Tityus geratus Santiago-Blay and Poinar, 1988, Tityus (Brazilotityus) hartkorni Lourenço, 2009, and Tityus azari Lourenço, 2013 from Dominican amber, as was Tityus (Brazilotityus) knodeli Lourenço, 2014 from Mexican amber. Its close relationships with extant Neotropic Tityus-like subclades such as 'Tityus clathratus' and the subgenus Tityus (Archaeotityus) are also discussed. This new taxon adds to the knowledge of New World scorpions from the Miocene that are rarely found trapped in amber.

  16. La televisión educativa en Chiapas, un proyecto para rescatar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mtra. Juliana Matus López

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un panorama nacional y estatal de la televisión educativa con resultados de su evaluación; se presenta el Sistema de Televisión Educativa de Chiapas de la Secretaría de Educación Pública como un proyecto interinstitucional que plantea la participación de las instancias públicas para generar una barra de programación elaborada localmente, que atienda a las demandas de su audiencia. En Chiapas, la televisión como instrumento educativo cumple una función limitada en la divulgación del conocimiento, si bien se implementa una programación de temas generales, no ha logrado vincularse a la problemática del estado. El sistema de televisión local ha permanecido ajeno a la riqueza y tradición cultural del pueblo chiapaneco. Esto se traduce en la falta de una clara política educativa que considere a la televisión como medio de comunicación para alcanzar objetivos pedagógicos. El trabajo invita a la reflexión de los especialistas educadores.

  17. Prevalence of caries and malocclusion in an indigenous population in Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aamodt, Kjeld; Reyna-Blanco, Oscar; Sosa, Ricardo; Hsieh, Rebecca; De la Garza Ramos, Myriam; Garcia Martinez, Martha; Orellana, Maria Fernanda

    2015-10-01

    To assess the prevalence of caries and malocclusion in Mayan Mexican adolescents, 14-20 years of age, living in Chiapas, Mexico. This was a cross-sectional, population-based, quantitative, epidemiological study. Sites were chosen to capture subjects representative of the state's Mayan population. A total of 354 subjects were recruited. Caries experience was quantified, via visual inspection, using the Decayed, Missing and Filled Surface (DMFS) index. Malocclusion was quantified using the Index of Complexity, Outcome and Need (ICON). Our data showed that 99% of the population had caries experience, with a median DMFS score of 8. Of the 99% with caries experience, over half had caries affecting more than five tooth surfaces. Thirty-seven per cent of the students had unmet orthodontic treatment need, and 46.46% presented a Class II, and 39.09% a Class III, anterior-posterior relationship. Less than 1% of the population had any exposure to orthodontics, demonstrating the lack of access to care. Likewise, only 1% of the population was found to have no caries experience, exhibiting a large unmet treatment need. The median DMFS score of 8 was also high in comparison with the median DMFS in the USA of 6. Our data suggest a correlation between the lack of access to care and high prevalence of caries and malocclusion in Mexican Mayans who inhabit Chiapas, Mexico. © 2015 FDI World Dental Federation.

  18. Condiciones sociales y comportamientos sexuales de jóvenes en Chiapas

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    Yuridiana BALLINAS-URBINA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En la presente investigación se analizan las condiciones y comportamientos sexuales de los jóvenes de 15 a 24 años de edad en 36 municipios con diferentes grados de marginación en el Estado de Chiapas. La metodología que se usó para explicar estos comportamientos reside en un análisis descriptivo que se inscribe en los datos de la “Encuesta para el diagnóstico sobre necesidades socioeconómicas en Chiapas” que obtuvo información socioeconómica de 99 621 hogares en 36 municipios del estado de Chiapas (Nazar y Salvatierra, 2009. En esta investigación se incluyó una cédula con 27 preguntas sobre juventud y vida en pareja con el propósito de conocer la situación de los jóvenes respecto a la ocurrencia de embarazos tempranos, asunción de paternidad y vida en pareja.

  19. Maternal-fetal transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi, a health problem slightly studied in Mexico: case Chiapas

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    Guillermina Campos-Valdez

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To determine the Trypanosoma cruzi infection prevalence in 1125 pregnant women and the transmission frequency to their children from Tapachula and Palenque, Chiapas. Materials and methods. We determined the prevalence by serology tests and the transmission frequency by polymerase chain reaction (PCR and T. cruzi reactivity capacity after 12 months. Results. Total maternal infection prevalence were 23/1 125 (2.04%, 9/600 (1.5% were from Tapachula and 14/525 (2.6% from Palenque. The seropositive women were between 20 and 35 years old, 31.8% have Premature Rapture of Membrane and 9.1% have history of perinatal death. The total percentage of positive newborns by PCR was 9/23 (39.13%, out of those 2/9 (22.2% are from Tapachula and 7/14 (50% from Palenque. The Maternal Fetal transmission frequency was. 2/9 (22.2% in Tapachula and 1/14 (7.14% in Palenque, all positive infants were asynthomatic. Conclusion. The maternal-fetal transmission rate in Chiapas State is variable; the reason could be the maternal immunological status and T. cruzi strain.

  20. Agri-environmental evaluation of traditional and alternative corn production systems in Chiapas, Mexico

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    Carlos Ernesto Aguilar-Jiménez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluates the effects of environmental variables on traditional and alternative agroecosystems in three Ejidos (communal lands in the Chiapas rainforest in Mexico. The tests occurred within two seasonal agricultural cycles. In spring-summer, experiments were performed with the traditional slash, fell and burn (S-F-B system, no-burn systems and rotating systems with Mucuna deeringiana Bort., and in the autumn-winter agricultural cycle, three no-burn systems were compared to evaluate the effect of alternative sowing with corn (no-burn and topological modification of sowing. The results show a high floristic diversity in the study area (SS = 4 - 23%, with no significant differences among the systems evaluated. In the first cycle, the analysis of the agronomical variables of the corn indicated better properties in the fallowing systems, with an average yield of 1950 kg ha‑1, but there was variation related to the number of years left fallow. In the second cycle, the yields were positive for the alternative technology (average yield 3100 kg ha‑1. The traditional S-F-B systems had reduced pests and increased organic matter and soil phosphorous content. These results are the consequence of fallow periods and adaptation to the environment; thus, this practice in the Chiapas rainforest constitutes an ethnocultural reality, which is unlikely to change in the near future if the agrosystems are managed based on historical principles.

  1. [Coffee tree cultivation and the social history of onchocerciasis in Soconusco, Chiapas state, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vázquez Castellanos, J L

    1991-01-01

    Due to the social and ecological changes that have taken place in the region of Soconusco, Chiapas, Mexico, the coffee tree growth economy (established in the latter part of the last century) has been an important factor in the transmission of onchocerciasis. The optimum ecological conditions for the growth of the coffee tree coincide with those of the disease's growth rate vector; the mobilization of migrant workers for the cultivation and gathering of coffee beans, plus changes in the natural environment, are elements which explain the disease's distribution in the different regions. The origin of the disease in Chiapas may be due to the migration of coffee plantation workers from Guatemala in search of land in which to settle. Social changes occurring after the Agrarian Distribution (land distributions that occurred in 1918 and 1940) caused an intensification and modernization in the areas of cultivation which in turn caused a decline in the disease's growth rate vector. This, together with standard of living improvements and control measures against the disease, explain why the problem in these regions has decreased considerably. The use of ivermectin as a new therapy paves the way for better disease control in the future. Nevertheless, in the smaller locations occupied by middle and poor class farmers, where coffee bean cultivation is just commencing and still in a rudimentary form, onchocerciasis and other diseases continue to present serious health problems.

  2. Lack of Active Onchocerca volvulus Transmission in the Northern Chiapas Focus of Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Pérez, Mario A.; Unnasch, Thomas R.; Domínguez-Vázquez, Alfredo; Morales-Castro, Alba L.; Richards, Frank; Peña-Flores, Graciela P.; Orozco-Algarra, María Eugenia; Prado-Velasco, Gibert

    2010-01-01

    The northern Chiapas onchocerciasis focus has undergone 11 years of ivermectin mass treatment. No evidence of microfilariae in the cornea and/or anterior chamber of the eye or in skin snips was seen in residents examined in 2006 in two sentinel communities (upper limit of the 95% confidence interval [UL 95% CI] = 0.5% and 0.3%, respectively). In children 10 and under, 0 of 305 were found to harbor antibodies to Ov16, a marker of parasite exposure; 0 of 4,400 Simulium ochraceum s.l. collected in 2005 contained parasite DNA, giving an UL 95% CI for the infective rate of 0.9/2,000, and an UL 95% CI of the seasonal transmission potential of 1.2 L3/person. These data, assumed to be representative of the focus as a whole, suggest that there is no ongoing transmission of Onchocerca volvulus in the northern Chiapas focus. Community-wide treatments with ivermectin were halted in 2008, and a post-treatment surveillance phase was initiated. PMID:20595471

  3. Manuscritos americanos de la Biblioteca Histórica: Relaciones Históricas de Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxóchitl. American manuscripts at the Biblioteca Historica: Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxóchitl´s Historical Works

    OpenAIRE

    Ysern de la Calle, Javier

    2014-01-01

    Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxóchitl (1578-1648) fue uno de los primeros mestizos en investigar acerca de la historia de sus antepasados. Presentadas tradicionalmente de forma conjunta bajo el título de Obras o Relaciones Históricas, Alva Ixtlilxóchitl escribió diversas relaciones que pasaron de mano en mano durante décadas hasta perderse. Debido a su valor documental, a lo largo de los siglos se realizaron numerosas copias que a su vez se han reproducido nuevamente otras tantas veces. En este artí...

  4. Protagonistas destacados en la historia de la Sanidad Militar española: Fernando Weyler y Laviña Distinguished Protagonists in the history of the Spanish Medical service: Fernando Weyler y Laviña

    OpenAIRE

    A. Belaústegui Fernández

    2011-01-01

    Fernando Weyler y Laviña (1808-1879), fue un eminente médico militar, doctor en cirugía, académico, botánico y notable escritor, que quizá ha sido oscurecido por la gran personalidad de su hijo Valeriano -capitán general del Ejército Español, entre otros cargos militares y civiles- pero su trayectoria profesional, intelectual y científica no desmerece para nada frente a la de su hijo, a pesar de haber sido algo olvidado por la historia. Weyler nació en plena Guerra de la Independencia, una de...

  5. El Cabildo catedralicio de Mallorca y la política de Fernando II el Católico = The Cathedral Chapter of Majorca and the Politics of Fernando II the Catholic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Cassanyes Roig

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Fernando II e Isabel de Castilla obtuvieron el título de “Reyes Católicos” gracias a su política religiosa. El presente artículo estudia las relaciones entre el Cabildo de Mallorca y el rey católico, con el objetivo de analizar la respuesta de la institución canonical a la política real. A tal efecto, se han revisado los libros de actas capitulares. Las cuestiones económicas fueron una de las principales causas que motivaron el envío de embajadas al rey. También hubo un cierto enfrentamiento en el establecimiento de la Inquisición, mientras el Cabildo colaboró con las campañas norteafricanas del monarca. En el campo de la cultura, representada por el lulismo, Fernando II no encontró un apoyo significativo del Cabildo, aunque sí de algunos canónigos en particular. Finalmente, el colegio canonical también realizó las exequias acostumbradas a los miembros de la familia real. Todo ello presenta un Cabildo complaciente que no se enfrentó abiertamente al monarca.Fernando II and Isabel of Castile obtained the title of «Catholic Monarchs» thanks to their religious policies. This paper considers the relationship between the chapter of Majorca and the Catholic king, with the aim of analysing the response of the canonry to royal politics. For this purpose, the books of the chapter proceedings have been examined. Economic issues were one of the main reasons for sending embassies to the king. Furthermore, there was a confrontation over the introduction of the Inquisition, while at the same time the chapter cooperated during the North African campaigns of the king. In the cultural sphere, dominated by Lullism, Fernando II did not find significant support from the chapter, with the exception of a few individual canons. Lastly, the canons participated in the customary funeral rites for the royal family. On the whole, the conclusion drawn is one of a complaisant chapter that never openly confronted the monarch.

  6. Chemical and isotopic study of thermal springs and gas discharges from Sierra de Chiapas, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nencetti, A; Tassi, F; Vaselli, O [Department of Earth Sciences, Florence (Italy); Macias, J. L [Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, D.F. (Mexico); Magro, G [CNR-Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources, Pisa (Italy); Capaccioni, B [Institute of Volcanology and Geochemistry, Urbino (Italy); Minissale, A [CNR-Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources, Florence (Italy); Mora, J. C [Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    2005-01-15

    Thermal water and gas discharges south-east of El Chichon volcano, Mexico are associated mainly with NW-SE oriented fault systems. Spring discharges include i) waters with Na-Cl composition and TDS>3000 mg/L; ii) waters with Ca-SO{sub 4} composition and TDS values between 1400 and 2300 mg/L; iii) waters with Na-Cl composition and TDS of 800 to 2400 mg/L and sulphate content up to 650 mg/L and iv) waters with Ca-HCO{sub 3} composition and low salinity (TDS <250mg/L). Most of these waters are associated with free-gas discharges of N{sub 2} (up to 93 % by vol.), CO{sub 2} (2.4 to 31.2 % by vol.) and Ar (up to 1.25 % by vol.) with a predominant meteoric origin. H{sub 2}S is present only in gas samplers collected at El Azufre (up to 1.1 % by vol.). The {delta}13C CO{sub 2} values are always below -9.7% (PDB) and suggest a partially biogenic origin for CO{sub 2}. Chemical and isotopic features of spring discharges indicate that fluid circulation in the Sierra de Chiapas is mainly regulated by meteoric waters that tend to infiltrate the upper and middle-Cretaceous carbonate units up to the lower Cretaceous-upper Jurassic evaporitic formations (by Lopez-Ramos, 1982). The latter provide the main source of the species in solution. No evidence for high-to-medium enthalpy systems at depth beneath the Sierra de Chiapas has been found. [Spanish] La Sierra de Chiapas localizada en el Sureste de Mexico, se caracteriza por la presencia de descargas de gas y agua. La mayoria de los manantiales termales se asocian a rocas volcanicas Terciarias a lo largo de fallas regionales con orientacion NOSE. Las descargas termales se dividen en cuatro grupos: i) aguas con composicion Na-Cl y Solidos Disueltos Totales (SDT) >3000 mg/L; ii) aguas con composicion Ca-SO{sub 4} y valores de SDT entre 1400 y 2300 mg/L; iii) aguas con composicion Na-Cl, bajos contenidos de SDT (800 2400 mg/L) y un contenido de sulfato alto (hasta 650 mg/L) y iv) aguas con una composicion Ca-HCO{sub 3} y salinidad baja

  7. Os corpos biográficos de Fernando Henrique Cardoso: uma abordagem biografemática do jornalismo

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    Alexandre Rocha da Silva

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo busca discutir o problema da representação da vida no jornalismo por meio dos conceitos de fait divers e biograema de Roland Barthes. O trajeto teórico é ilustrado por uma análise do perfil “O andarilho”, sobre Fernando Henrique Cardoso. Evidencia-se aí um regime de escrita capaz de apreender não o sujeito, mas sim suas diversas singularidades, representadas por regimes signícos de diferentes níveis de representação.

  8. Fernando Larraz, El monopolio de la palabra. El exilio intelectual en la España franquista

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    Mario Martín Gijón

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Fernando Larraz nos ofrece en las páginas de esta obra un completo estudio sobre una parcela de investigación hasta ahora prácticamente sin desbrozar, como era la actitud de los intelectuales acomodados en el régimen franquista frente a quienes, comprometidos con la legalidad republicana, seguían su labor en el exilio. Desde el inicio se destaca la complejidad de esta relación entre las que pronto se vieron como dos ramas divergentes, y muchas veces antagónicas, de la cultura española. Lejos ...

  9. Transición sociodemográfica y transformaciones de la familia rural en Chiapas: aproximaciones para el estudio sobre su diversidad

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jorge Ignacio Angulo Barredo

    2016-01-01

    This article presents and analyzes evidence on the demographic behavior of rural families in Chiapas and its current trends as well as on the environmental conditions in which such behavior has developed in recent years...

  10. Manuscritos americanos de la Biblioteca Histórica: Relaciones Históricas de Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxóchitl. American manuscripts at the Biblioteca Historica: Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxóchitl´s Historical Works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ysern de la Calle, Javier

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxóchitl (1578-1648 fue uno de los primeros mestizos en investigar acerca de la historia de sus antepasados. Presentadas tradicionalmente de forma conjunta bajo el título de Obras o Relaciones Históricas, Alva Ixtlilxóchitl escribió diversas relaciones que pasaron de mano en mano durante décadas hasta perderse. Debido a su valor documental, a lo largo de los siglos se realizaron numerosas copias que a su vez se han reproducido nuevamente otras tantas veces. En este artículo se estudia el contenido y procedencia de una de ellas: el manuscrito conservado en la Biblioteca Histórica Márques de Valdecilla. Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxóchitl (1578-1648 was one of the first mestizos to research the history of his ancestors. His works are known with the title of Obras Históricas (Historical Works. He wrote histories which went from hand to hand before getting lost. Over the centuries, his works were published and reproduced several times due to their documentary value. This paper studies the content and origin of one of them: the manuscript kept in the Biblioteca Histórica Marqués de Valdecilla.

  11. Sobre o ódio ao professor Entrevista com Fernando Penna

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    Fernando Penna

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Ao tomar a decisão de pautar o tema da violência para compor o dossiê do terceiro número de Movimento – revista eletrônica de educação da Universidade Federal Fluminense –, o Conselho Editorial elencou um grande número de facetas da violência que historicamente se manifestam física e presencialmente no interior e fora do espaço escolar. O fenômeno relativamente recente das redes sociais e o vertiginoso processo de crescimento de trocas de informação, interação e mediação virtual a ele agregado, não apenas ampliou o espectro da violência como contribuiu decisivamente para articular o dentro e o fora da escola. Dentre outros exemplos, talvez o mais comum e antigo é o registro de cenas reais de alunos e alunas brigando nos pátios escolares ou nas redondezas da instituição postadas nas redes sociais, muitas delas viralizadas – para usar o barbarismoda ocasião – por um número sempre crescente de adeptos do bullying escolar. Nos últimos cinco anos, nas redes sociais, o exemplo de articulação da violência dentro-fora da escola que mais chama a atenção é o ódio ao professor, conforme observa o professor Fernando Penna na entrevista que publicamos a seguir. Estudioso da manifestação reivindicatória por uma escola sem ideologia trazida nos últimos anos por setores conservadores e reacionários da sociedade brasileira, Penna busca oferecer na entrevista algumas hipóteses para compreendermos o fenômeno do ódio ao professor, bem como algumas pistas para apreendermos os fundamentos que movem aqueles setores no combate ao que denominam de doutrinação ideológica de esquerda, e, concluindo, observa a urgência da resistência ao assédio moral feito dos conservadores ereacionários, chamando a atenção para a importância da ampliação do conhecimento crítico sobre o tema.

  12. Socioeconomic factors, attitudes and practices associated with malaria prevention in the coastal plain of Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mora-Ruiz, Merit; Penilla, R Patricia; Ordóñez, José G; López, Alma D; Solis, Francisco; Torres-Estrada, José Luis; Rodríguez, Américo D

    2014-04-23

    Mexico is in the malaria pre-elimination phase; therefore, continuous assessment and understanding of the social and behavioural risk factors related to exposure to malaria are necessary to achieve the overall goal. The aim of this research was to investigate socio-economic backgrounds, attitudes and practices related with malaria in rural locations from the coastal plain of Chiapas. In January 2012, 542 interviews were conducted to householders from 20 villages across the coastal plain of Chiapas. Questions were about housing conditions, protection from mosquito bites and general information of householders. Chi2 analyses were performed to see whether there was a dependence of those reported having malaria with their house conditions and their malaria preventive practices. Results were discussed and also compared statistically against those obtained 17 years ago from the same area. Most households had 2-5 people (73.6%), 91.6% of houses had 1-3 bedrooms. The physical structure of the houses consisted of walls mainly made of block or brick 72.3%, the floor made of cement 90.0%, while the roof made of zinc sheet 43.9%, and straw or palm 42.2%. A 23.1% of the interviewed completed elementary school and 16.6% was illiterate. A 9.9% of the residents reported at least one family member having had malaria. A 98.1% of families used some method to prevent mosquito bites; those using bed nets were 94.3%. Almost 72% of families bought products for mosquito protection. A total of 537 out of 542 families agreed with the indoor residual spraying (IRS) of insecticide and a frequency of application as often as every two months was preferred. Housing conditions and malaria preventive practices have improved in these rural areas in 17 years, which could be in favor of malaria elimination in this area. Information generated by this study could help in the decision making about whether to use insecticide as indoor residual spraying or to implement massive distribution of long

  13. O Conhecimento dos Docentes da Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde da Universidade Fernando Pessoa sobre Aleitamento Materno

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Carla Eduarda da Silva

    2009-01-01

    Monografia apresentada à Universidade Fernando Pessoa como parte dos requisitos para obtenção do grau de Licenciada em Enfermagem O estudo efectuado intitulado “O Conhecimento dos Docentes da Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde da Universidade Fernando Pessoa sobre Aleitamento Materno” tem como objectivo geral identificar os conhecimentos dos docentes sobre aleitamento materno. Actualmente, são várias as organizações (OMS/UNICEF) que promovem e divulgam a o aleitamento materno em todo mund...

  14. Generation of domestic waste electrical and electronic equipment on Fernando de Noronha Island: qualitative and quantitative aspects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araujo, Dhiego Raphael Rodrigues; de Oliveira, José Diego; Selva, Vanice Fragoso; Silva, Maisa Mendonça; Santos, Simone Machado

    2017-08-01

    The accelerated growth trajectory of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) is a matter of concern for governments worldwide. In developing countries, the problem is more complex because municipal waste management is still a challenge for municipalities. Fernando de Noronha Island, an environmentally protected area, has a transfer station for solid waste before it is sent to the final destination abroad, which is different waste management model to most urban areas. In order to check the specifics of management of WEEE, this study aimed to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate the generation of this type of waste on the main island of Fernando de Noronha, taking into consideration aspects related to consumption habits and handling of waste. During the in situ research, a questionnaire was applied to a sample of 83 households. The results provide a picture of the generation of WEEE for a period of 1 year, when a production of 1.3 tons of WEEE was estimated. Relationships between education level and monthly income and between education level and number of plasma/LCD TVs and washing machines were confirmed. Another important result is that only two socioeconomic variables (monthly income and education level) are related to two recycling behavior variables. In addition, the population and government treat WEEE as ordinary waste, ignoring its contaminant potential. Despite the existence of relevant legislation concerning the treatment and disposal of WEEE, additional efforts will be required by the government in order to properly manage this type of waste on the island.

  15. A study of the Brazilian Fernando de Noronha island and Rocas atoll wakes in the tropical Atlantic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tchamabi, Christine C.; Araujo, Moacyr; Silva, Marcus; Bourlès, Bernard

    2017-03-01

    Observational data and numerical modeling were used to investigate oceanic current wakes surrounding Fernando de Noronha Island (3°51‧S-32°25‧W) and Rocas Atoll (3°52‧S-33°49‧W). These two Brazilian systems are located in the western tropical Atlantic region and are under the influence of the westward flow of the central South Equatorial Current (cSEC). In order to highlight the effects of wakes on ocean dynamics, two different numerical simulations were performed, using the Regional Oceanic Modeling System (ROMS): the first one including Fernando de Noronha Island and Rocas Atoll (Scenario I) and the second one with artificial removal of the island and atoll (Scenario NI). Simulations are validated through the Scenario I that well reproduces the wakes that give rise to the development of eddies downstream of FN and AR. These mesoscale structures have a strong influence on the thermodynamic properties surrounding the Island and the Atoll. Scenario NI allows evidence of the presence of an Island and Atoll shoaling mixed layer throughout the year, primarily on the western side of the Island and the Atoll. Mixing at the base of the mixed layer, inducing a subsurface cooling, is also enhanced in the downstream portion of the Island and Atoll, particularly when the cSEC is strengthened. These simulations support the ;island mass effect; on the high productivity of subsurface waters generally observed on the western side of these islands.

  16. Fernando Quiñones y el modelo de crónica poética

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    Díez de Revenga, Francisco

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses Fernando Quiñones’ poetic work and, in particular, the model of «poetic chronicle», collections of large poems about a section of a geographic-cultural civilization with a common history. With the usual lyrical impulse of poetry, they contain great amount of narration, poetry read in an epic manner or as in the cantares de gesta, with the presence of history, on a cultivated almost essayistic base.Analiza el presente trabajo la obra poética de Fernando Quiñones y en particular el modelo de «crónica poética», colecciones de poemas extensos en torno a un ámbito de civilización geográfico-cultural con una historia común. Junto al impulso lírico propio de la poesía contienen mucho de narración, de poesía narrada a la manera de la épica o de los cantares de gesta, con presencia de la historia, sobre una base erudita, casi ensayística.

  17. La imagen en prensa del alcalde Fernando de Parias durante la Transición en Sevilla (1975-1977

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    Sandra Méndez Muros

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza la imagen en prensa del alcalde de Sevilla Fernando de Parias durante la transición democrática desde noviembre de 1975 a diciembre de 1977. Nuestro objetivo consiste en conocer su responsabilidad para ser considerado un político inadaptado a las circunstancias de la ciudad (emergente sociedad civil, oposición municipal, crisis económica, etc.. Utilizamos como principal fuente de información dos periódicos locales de libre empresa, Abc de Sevilla y El Correo de Andalucía, que nos aportan enfoques diferentes sobre su gestión municipal escasamente estudiada hasta el momento como parte de la Historia reciente de Sevilla. Palabras clave: Transición, democracia, medios de comunicación, ayuntamientos._______________AbstractThis paper analyzes the image of Seville Mayor Fernando de Parias in the press during the democratic transition since November 1975 to December 1977. Our aim is to know his responsibility to be considered an unsuited politician to the circumstances of the city (emergent civil society, municipal opposition, economic crisis, etc.. We use as principal source of information two free enterprise local newspapers, Abc of Seville and El Correo de Andalucía, which contribute theirs different approaches on his municipal management scantily studied up to the moment as part of the recent History of Seville.Keywords: Transition, democracy, mass media, town halls.

  18. [Delivery care in Chiapas, Mexico: who and where does provide it?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Pérez, H J; Ochoa-Díaz López, H; Navarro i Giné, A; Martín-Mateo, M

    1998-01-01

    To identify the place and provider of delivery care; to analyse the relationship between the type of delivery care provider and prenatal care and sociodemographic factors; to identify groups with greater and lesser probability of receiving attention at health centers and to identify the reasons for not attending the health center nearest to the household. Data on the delivery care of 297 women of La Fraylesca Region, Chiapas, were gathered using multivariate logit models to identify groups. From the total, 32% of childbirths occurred at health centers and 60% at home (mostly with poor sanitary conditions). Only 10% of women with less than 5 prenatal visits, school level under 3 years and whose household head was a peasant were attended by health care personnel. The accessibility and quality of health centers must be improved, and a programme aimed at increasing the number of deliveries that are attended by trained health care personnel should be implemented.

  19. Textiles para turistas: tejedoras y comerciantes en los Altos de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Bayona Escat

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo indaga en el papel que ocupan las mujeres indígenas como productoras y vendedoras de piezas textiles, consideradas artesanales y de tradición indígena, con alta demanda en el mercado turístico de la región de los Altos de Chiapas, México. La presencia del turismo en la zona ha provocado la consolidación de un complejo mercado local de textiles en el que se entrelazan tejedoras, distribuidoras y comerciantes, cadenas mercantiles y múltiples espacios de venta. A través de este protagonismo femenino y de la comercialización de lo “indígena”, el trabajo indaga en un contexto local que permite a las mujeres indígenas tomar nuevas posiciones sociales a la vez que integra aspectos globales sobre mercancías e imaginarios sociales.

  20. “Guatemalteco-mexicano-estadounidenses” en Chiapas: Familias con estatus ciudadano diferenciado y su multiterritorialidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enriqueta Lerma Rodríguez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo aborda el impacto de la migración en la construcción del estatus ciu - dadano diferenciado al interior de las familias de exrefugiados guatemaltecos en Chiapas; producto de la subsecuente migración a Estados Unidos, del retorno a Guatemala y del contrarretorno a México. Se busca discutir en qué medida el estatus ciudadano diferenciado incide en el margen de espacialidad y en la construcción de múltiples territorialidades. Así mismo, se propone hacer uso del concepto ‘localidad deíctica’ para situar el lugar de referencia para la movilidad espacial. La investigación fue realizada con entrevistas informales en una localidad de exrefugiados en el mu - nicipio de Trinitaria, ubicado en la frontera México-Guatemala.

  1. Insurgencia y turismo: reflexiones sobre el impacto del turista politizado en Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coronado, Gabriela

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the interrelations between politics and tourism considering the impact of political instability generated by the Zapatista indigenous rebellion on tourism in Chiapas, Mexico. By analysing tourist products and fieldwork observations the transformation of the tourist industry is explained as an effect of pressures from a new kind of visitor, “political tourists”. Attracted by the indigenous movement and its relevance as a global social movement, their political and ideological position created demands that affected interethnic organisational networks and the social value of tourism activity. As a response indigenous and non indigenous tourist agents generated new strategies for economic recovery, including changes in the organisational networks and marketing symbols and ideologies as “commodities”.

  2. Intestinal parasites in children, in highly deprived areas in the border region of Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morales-Espinoza, Emma Marianela; Sánchez-Pérez, Héctor Javier; García-Gil, María del Mar; Vargas-Morales, Guadalupe; Méndez-Sánchez, José Domingo; Pérez-Ramírez, Margarita

    2003-01-01

    To assess the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among children in highly deprived areas, and its possible association with demographic and socioeconomic indicators. From March to September 1998 in a convenience sample of 32 communities of the border region of Chiapas, Mexico, selected at random based on the level of poverty and distance from the community to the nearest health care unit (indigenous language were significantly associated with the presence of E histolytical E dispar and Giardia lamblia. Source of water and lacking a refrigerator and electricity were associated with the presence of Ascaris lumbricoides. Measures should be taken to improve water quality, sewage disposal, and domestic hygiene. Furthermore, health programs should be established to promote breast-feeding, and education policies aimed at reinforcing the use of indigenous languages by physicians in the health services.

  3. Alternancia política en Comitán, Chiapas: una experiencia reciente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flor María Pérez Robledo

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available En el marco de los procesos de cambio del sistema político mexicano, este trabajo intenta recuperar la experiencia de la primera alternancia en el poder municipal de Comitán, Chiapas, espacio tradicionalmente priísta y cuna de miembros destacados de la clase política de la entidad. Aún cuando existe el consenso de que el municipio es el espacio primario de la democratización del régimen, poco se ha reflexionado sobre las profundas limitaciones materiales y subjetivas que dicho espacio enfrenta para impulsar un proceso endógeno de cambio político de naturaleza democrática.

  4. [Characteristics of Guatemalan migration of the Soconusco region in the State of Chiapas].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angel Castillo, M; Casillas, R

    1988-01-01

    This paper describes and analyzes the main characteristics identified in seasonal Guatemalan workers who migrate every year to coffee plantations in the Sosonusco region in the state of Chiapas. Stress is placed on the disadvantageous working and living conditions of said population in their original areas of residence, as a necessary referent for understanding the nature and function of seasonal migratory work as a part of a social sector whose living conditions are marked by poverty. The data utilized for the analysis were obtained through a survey carried out in the 1986-1987 harvest season, in which 591 migrants working in 13 ejido or privately-owned productive units in the municipalities of Tapachula and Union Juarez were interviewed.

  5. WILDLIFE USE BY RURAL COMMUNITIES IN THE CATAZAJÁ - LA LIBERTAD WETLANDS, CHIAPAS, MÉXICO

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    Yasminda García-Del Valle

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The use of wild vertebrates was analyzed for rural communities in Catazajá and La Libertad municipalities, Chiapas state. From interviews (n=190 and two workshops (January 2007-December 2008 applied to four communities (Playas, Punta Arena, Morelos and La Libertad, species, uses, sites and hunting seasons were recorder. A total of 24 species were recognized by local people as resources for food, sale, pet, craft and traditional medicine. Jicotea tortoise (Trachemys scripta, nine banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcintus, Morelet´s crocodile (Crocodylus moreletti, green iguana (Iguana iguana and white front parrot (Amazona albifrons were recognized as species with high use value. We analyzed the problematic and the communities propose some strategies that would favor the population increment and the diversity maintenance of wildlife in this region.

  6. Ts’umbal activo en las transformaciones rurales de Oxchuc, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abraham Sántiz Gómez

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se discute y reflexiona sobre las transformaciones rurales, a partir de los sujetos y actores sociales, desde el término ts’umbal, que se vincula con el grupo doméstico patrilineal. Se basa en revisión documental, teórica y empírica, y se contextualiza en la sociedad tseltal de Oxchuc, Chiapas. Se realizó una reflexión crítica sobre la racionalidad instrumental del conocimiento científico, y la conclusión se abocó a la diversidad de racionalidades de la vida rural en constantes trasformaciones y a la relación entre ellas.

  7. Ethnic Identity among Indigenous and Mestizos from Intercultural University of Chiapas (Identidad étnica entre los indígenas y los mestizos de la Universidad Intercultural de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moisès Esteban

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available This study explored ethnic identity among 662 students (326 mestizos and 336 indigenous from the Intercultural University of Chiapas (IUCh. Scholars suggest that ethnicity is more salient for ethnic minority adolescents than for adolescents who are members of the ethnic majority. The aims for this study were: 1 to determine the structure and validity of ethnic identity as measured by the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure in a sample of majority and minority ethnic groups from Intercultural University in Chiapas, and 2 to examine the variability of ethnic identity across ethnic groups. Specifically, it was hypothesized that the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure would show two factors, and that ethnic groups would differ on ethnic identity. The results supported the hypotheses.

  8. Paleomagnetism of the Todos Santos Formation in the Maya Block, Chiapas, Mexico: Preliminary Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godinez-Urban, A.; Molina-Garza, R. S.; Iriondo, A.; Geissman, J. W.

    2008-12-01

    Preliminary results of a paleomagnetic study on jurassic volcanic rocks (U-Pb 188.8 +/- 3.2Ma) locally interbedded with red beds assigned to the Todos Santos Formation, sampled in the Homoclinal Tectonic Province of the Neogene Fold Belt, Chiapas-Mexico, reveal multi component magnetizations acquired during pre- and post- folding of these rocks. The samples responded well to thermal demagnetization, but not so to AF demagnetization, suggesting that a high coercivity mineral phase like hematite is the main remanence carrier. The post-folding B-component direction of Dec=174.3 Inc=-30.6 (k=46; alpha95=13.6; N=4) represents a recent Tertiary? overprint; while the pre-folding C-component direction of Dec=329.9 Inc=7.8 (k=12.5; alpha95=16.3; N=8) is in agreement with a previously reported small data set for the Todos Santos Formation. When compared to the North American reference direction (Jurassic Kayenta Formation) the observed direction indicates a counterclockwise rotation of 35.9 +/- 16.6 degrees, and moderate north to south latitudinal displacement. If a reference pole from NE North America is used, the amount of counterclockwise rotation and latitudinal displacement are both slightly reduced. If the assumption that Jurassic strata in Chiapas reflect displacement of the Maya Block, then these data are consistent with reconstructions of the Maya Block in the Gulf of Mexico region. Other sites sampled in Jurassic strata suggest that in addition to the interpreted regional rotation, local (vertical-axis) rotations may have affected the region in more recent times.

  9. Interruption of transmission of Onchocerca volvulus in the Southern Chiapas Focus, México.

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    Mario A Rodríguez-Pérez

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The Southern Chiapas focus of onchocerciasis in Southern Mexico represents one of the major onchocerciasis foci in Latin America. All 559 endemic communities of this focus have undergone semi-annual mass treatment with ivermectin since 1998. In 50 communities of this focus, ivermectin frequency shifted from twice to four times a year in 2003; an additional 113 communities were added to the quarterly treatment regimen in 2009 to achieve a rapid suppression of transmission. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In-depth epidemiologic and entomologic assessments were performed in six sentinel communities (which had undergone 2 rounds of ivermectin treatment per year and three extra-sentinel communities (which had undergone 4 rounds of ivermectin treatment per year. None of the 67,924 Simulium ochraceum s.l. collected from this focus during the dry season of 2011 were found to contain parasite DNA when tested by polymerase chain reaction-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (PCR-ELISA, resulting in an upper bound of the 95% confidence interval (95%-ULCI of the infective rate in the vectors of 0.06/2,000 flies examined. Serological assays testing for Onchocerca volvulus exposure conducted on 4,230 children 5 years of age and under (of a total population of 10,280 in this age group revealed that 2/4,230 individuals were exposed to O. volvulus (0.05%; one sided 95% confidence interval = 0.08%. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The in-depth epidemiological and entomological findings from the Southern Chiapas focus meet the criteria for interruption of transmission developed by the international community.

  10. Interruption of transmission of Onchocerca volvulus in the Southern Chiapas Focus, México.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Pérez, Mario A; Domínguez-Vázquez, Alfredo; Unnasch, Thomas R; Hassan, Hassan K; Arredondo-Jiménez, Juan I; Orozco-Algarra, María Eugenia; Rodríguez-Morales, Kristel B; Rodríguez-Luna, Isabel C; Prado-Velasco, Francisco Gibert

    2013-01-01

    The Southern Chiapas focus of onchocerciasis in Southern Mexico represents one of the major onchocerciasis foci in Latin America. All 559 endemic communities of this focus have undergone semi-annual mass treatment with ivermectin since 1998. In 50 communities of this focus, ivermectin frequency shifted from twice to four times a year in 2003; an additional 113 communities were added to the quarterly treatment regimen in 2009 to achieve a rapid suppression of transmission. In-depth epidemiologic and entomologic assessments were performed in six sentinel communities (which had undergone 2 rounds of ivermectin treatment per year) and three extra-sentinel communities (which had undergone 4 rounds of ivermectin treatment per year). None of the 67,924 Simulium ochraceum s.l. collected from this focus during the dry season of 2011 were found to contain parasite DNA when tested by polymerase chain reaction-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (PCR-ELISA), resulting in an upper bound of the 95% confidence interval (95%-ULCI) of the infective rate in the vectors of 0.06/2,000 flies examined. Serological assays testing for Onchocerca volvulus exposure conducted on 4,230 children 5 years of age and under (of a total population of 10,280 in this age group) revealed that 2/4,230 individuals were exposed to O. volvulus (0.05%; one sided 95% confidence interval = 0.08%). The in-depth epidemiological and entomological findings from the Southern Chiapas focus meet the criteria for interruption of transmission developed by the international community.

  11. Los inicios de la práctica deportiva en el Chiapas revolucionario (1910-1940

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    Lisbona Guillén, Miguel

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the commonplaces of historiographic rhetoric about contemporary Chiapas is that the Mexican Revolution missed that State of the Republic; or, if it did not, came there late. Consequently, little attention has been paid thus far to certain discourses related to sports, recently introduced in early 20th-century Mexico. On the one hand, physical exercise was praised as a way to fully achieve a better human being and, thereby, a new citizen for the new republic intended after the war; on the other hand, sports were presented as an antidote against practices deemed little compatible with the civilizing process that the Revolution was supposed to generate.

    Una de las retóricas historiográficas más comunes con respecto al Chiapas contemporáneo es que la Revolución Mexicana no llegó a ese Estado de la República; o, si lo hizo, fue tarde. Poco interés han despertado hasta el momento ciertos discursos relacionados con la práctica deportiva, incipiente en el México de comienzos del siglo XX. Por una parte proponían el ejercicio físico como una forma de mejoramiento integral del ser humano, y también del nuevo ciudadano que se pretendía construir tras la conflagración bélica; mientras que, por otra, eran un antídoto a prácticas poco acordes con el proyecto civilizatorio que la Revolución proponía.

  12. Mortalidad infantil y migración en Chiapas, México

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    Olga Lidia Lópes-Gonzáles

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar, en términos causales, la relación entre mortalidad infantil y migración en cuatro zonas socioeconómicas de la región Soconusco en Chiapas, México. El análisis de este estudio se basó en los resultados de una encuesta socio demográfica y de salud con base poblacional (probabilística que se llevó a cabo en el Soconusco, Chiapas en 1996-97. Se contrastan zonas con distinta condición socioeconómica, cultural y productiva. Se realizó análisis de regresión lineal y logística para identificar el efecto de la migración y la mortalidad infantil, así como de la migración y la zona geográfica sobre la tasa de mortalidad infantil. Los datos muestran que aunque más del 70% de la varianza de la mortalidad infantil se explica por la migración, no existe evidencia de una relación causal concluyente. La relación identificada entre mortalidad infantil, migración y zonas geográficas orientan a una explicación alternativa. Planteamos la hipótesis de que en la región estudiada, la magnitud y características de la emigración, así como de las tasas de mortalidad infantil, son consecuencia de las condiciones de vulnerabilidad económica y social de las poblaciones.

  13. Mortalidad infantil y migración en Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Lidia Lópes-Gonzáles

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar, en términos causales, la relación entre mortalidad infantil y migración en cuatro zonas socioeconómicas de la región Soconusco en Chiapas, México. El análisis de este estudio se basó en los resultados de una encuesta socio demográfica y de salud con base poblacional (probabilística que se llevó a cabo en el Soconusco, Chiapas en 1996-97. Se contrastan zonas con distinta condición socioeconómica, cultural y productiva. Se realizó análisis de regresión lineal y logística para identificar el efecto de la migración y la mortalidad infantil, así como de la migración y la zona geográfica sobre la tasa de mortalidad infantil. Los datos muestran que aunque más del 70% de la varianza de la mortalidad infantil se explica por la migración, no existe evidencia de una relación causal concluyente. La relación identificada entre mortalidad infantil, migración y zonas geográficas orientan a una explicación alternativa. Planteamos la hipótesis de que en la región estudiada, la magnitud y características de la emigración, así como de las tasas de mortalidad infantil, son consecuencia de las condiciones de vulnerabilidad económica y social de las poblaciones.

  14. LA UNIÓN EN EMPRESAS FAMILIARES RESTAURANTERAS: UNA APROXIMACIÓN A LA SUCESIÓN GENERACIONAL EN EMPRESAS CON ACTIVIDAD TURÍSTICA DE SAN CRISTÓBAL DE LAS CASAS

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Jesús González-Macías; Isabel Zizaldra-Hernández

    2016-01-01

    La sucesión generacional en una empresa es un proceso dinámico en que los papeles y tareas del predecesor y del sucesor evolucionan de manera independiente y en paralelo, hasta que se cruzan y se superponen, encaminando la empresa a la sustentabilidad. El presente documento reflexiona sobre la relación entre sucesión generacional y sustentabilidad en dichas empresas, analizando una muestra de conveniencia de nueve empresas familiares restauranteras en San Cristóbal de las Casas (Chiapas, ...

  15. The aquatic and semiaquatic biota in Miocene amber from the Campo LA Granja mine (Chiapas, Mexico): Paleoenvironmental implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serrano-Sánchez, María de Lourdes; Hegna, Thomas A.; Schaaf, Peter; Pérez, Liseth; Centeno-García, Elena; Vega, Francisco J.

    2015-10-01

    Amber from the Campo La Granja mine in Chiapas, Mexico, is distinct from other sources of amber in Chiapas. Campo La Granja amber has distinct layers created by successive flows of resin with thin layers of sand on most surfaces. Aquatic and semi-aquatic arthropods are commonly found. Together these pieces of evidence suggest an estuarine environment similar to modern mangrove communities. The aquatic crustaceans are the most intriguing aspect of the biota. A large number of ostracods have been found in the amber-many with their carapaces open, suggesting that they were alive and submerged in water at the time of entombment. The only known examples of brachyuran crabs preserved in amber are found in the Campo La Granja amber. Amphipods, copepods, isopods, and tanaids are also members of the crustacean fauna preserved in amber.

  16. El estado mexicano de Chiapas: ¿Qué ha cambiado en veinte años?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Ávila Romero

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente texto se hace un recorrido sobre las causas económicas y sociales que posibilitaron la rebelión zapatista hace veinte años, para mostrar que este hecho ocasionó la llegada creciente de recursos económicos al estado de Chiapas y exponer, a su vez, como se utilizaron los dineros por parte de los municipios oficiales y el Gobierno del estado. Se concluye que las finanzas públicas de Chiapas son sumamente débiles y que pese a la creciente inyección de capital que ha recibido, el estado se encuentra sobre endeudado y en condiciones de marginación y pobreza similares a las de hace dos décadas.

  17. Schooling and Identity: A Qualitative Analysis of Self-Portrait Drawings of Young Indigenous People from Chiapas, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Esteban-Guitart, Moises; Monreal-Bosch, Pilar; Perera, Santiago; Bastiani, Jos?

    2017-01-01

    One of the features associated with schooling and formal education is their decontextualized nature, a characteristic that has been related to the advancement of logical abstract thinking. The aim of this study was to compare and contrast self-portraits through the graphical representations and verbal explanations made by young indigenous people from the Altos de Chiapas with different educational levels ranging from primary school to university. Participants were of the same age. The results...

  18. EL CONTROL INTERNO DE UNA ORGANIZACIÓN PRODUCTORA DE CAFÉ CERTIFICADO, EN CHIAPAS, MÈXICO

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez, Adriana Mazariegos; González, José Manuel à guila; Poumián, Magda Leticia Pérez; Castillo, Roberto de Jesús Cruz

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to present the result of a research carried out in a small coffee producer cooperative located in Escuintla, a county in the Mexican State of Chiapas. This research reviews and documents the experience of this cooperative, the certification for their coffee production system under organic and fair trade standards. Information is documented in its quality management system, mainly the internal control, where the results notice the strategy followed in the design of its...

  19. O USO DE TECNOLOGIAS EM MUSEUS E CENTROS DE VISITANTES: ESTUDO DE CASO DO CENTRO DE VISITANTES DO PROJETO TAMAR DE FERNANDO DE NORONHA – PE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiane Ferrari do Vale

    2016-04-01

    ambiental personalizada, realizada por meio das palestras. Descobrir o limite que tange o uso de tecnologias e a ausência de interpretes é um dos maiores desafios atuais dos museus e centros de visitantes. Palavras-chave: Projeto Tamar. Fernando de Noronha. Novas Tecnologias.

  20. Santa Anita: la finca, el feudo y el territorio en la nación imaginada por el personaje Fernando Vallejo Santa Anita: Farm, feud and territory in the nation imagined by the character Fernando Vallejo

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    Alberto Cueva Lobelle

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available La finca de Santa Anita es un espacio emblemático que aparece constantemente en la narrativa de Fernando Vallejo; a través del recuerdo de la finca podemos observar una cosmovisión, una manera de ver el mundo ligada al territorio dentro de una escritura literaria que constituye una práctica social fuertemente contextualizada. En este sentido, la imaginación puede ser entendida como un acto comprometido con la realidad y por ello se apreciará el mérito de las variaciones ideológicas y políticas de las agencias humanas y sociales que la escritura literaria pone en movimiento. Por tanto, se analizará el texto como un documento en el que la relación con el poder se presenta como un testimonio de la existencia de unas más o menos abiertas relaciones de lucha y conflicto.The farm of Santa Anita is an emblematic place constantly appearing in Fernando Vallejo's narrative. Through the memory of the farm, we see a worldview, a way of seeing the world linked to the region within a literary writing which constitutes a highly contextualized social practice. In this sense, we consider the imagination as an act committed to reality and therefore we will appraise the ideological and political changes of human and social agencies that literary writing set in motion. Therefore, we will analyze the text as a document in which the relationship with power is presented as a testimony of the existence of more or less opened relations of struggle and conflict.

  1. O Ciborgue Zapatista: tecendo a poética virtual de resistência no Chiapas cibernético

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    ABDEL-MONEIM SARAH GRUSSING

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A circulação global, entre 1994 e 2001, do neo-zapatismo e do ativismo solidário não-indígena como símbolos de resistência no ciber-espaço sugere a necessidade de novas formas de leitura dos movimentos sociais na era digital. Uma leitura feminista do binarismo local/global do espaço discursivo em torno da rebelião maia em Chiapas tanto afirma quanto contesta teorias predominantes pós-modernas sobre a relação entre corpo humano e tecnologias cibernéticas. Esse espaço híbrido transgride e confirma fronteiras entre ator/atriz e audiência, escritor/a e leitor/a, humano e máquina. A relação entre o teatro da resistência material na Zona de Conflito e o crescimento da resistência virtual no Ciber-Chiapas ilustra a natureza ciborgue material/tecnológica da rebelião de Chiapas.

  2. Acceso, abasto y control del agua en una comunidad indígena chamula en Chiapas. Un análisis a través de la perspectiva de género, ambiente y desarrollo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Soares

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este artículo es hacer una aportación al análisis sobre la articulación género-recursos hídricos, la problemática específica de las mujeres y su relación con el agua, a partir de la comprensión de la lógica de las estrategias de articulación de familias marginadas, en relación con dicho recurso. Se analizarán las formas de acceso, abasto, manejo y control del agua de unidades domésticas campesinas en una comunidad indígena del municipio de San Juan Chamula, en los Altos de Chiapas, a fin de reflexionar acerca de las alternativas dirigidas a apoyar la participación activa de las mujeres en procesos de toma de decisiones, sobre la gestión del agua en la comunidad, y así contribuir a la construcción de un desarrollo local orientado a la sustentabilidad.

  3. Identidade, estigmatização e exclusão social em contos de Caio Fernando Abreu

    OpenAIRE

    Ohe, Ana Paula Trofino [UNESP

    2010-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho é investigar a relação entre identidade, estigmatização e exclusão social em contos de Caio Fernando Abreu. Entendemos, aqui, que a exclusão está vinculada ao processo de estigmatização das personagens, projetando-lhes uma identidade social estigmatizada. O corpus do trabalho é constituído por onze contos, organizados em quatro núcleos temáticos em que exclusão se faz em relação: à orientação sexual; ao estrangeiro; à mulher e, por fim, ao estilo de vida não integrad...

  4. Potencialidades hídricas superficiais de Fernando de Noronha, PE, e alternativas para incremento da oferta

    OpenAIRE

    Montenegro,Abelardo A. A.; Ribeiro,Mateus R.; Suzana M. G. L. Montenegro; Corrêa, Marcus M.; Thais E. M. Santos

    2009-01-01

    A disponibilidade de recursos hídricos para usos múltiplos, com ênfase no abastecimento público, é questão da mais alta relevância e depende de aspectos edáficos, hidrológicos, ambientais e de gestão. Avaliou-se o potencial hídrico de bacias hidrográficas da Ilha de Fernando de Noronha, com vistas a dar suporte à gestão da água no arquipélago; para isto se delimitaram e caracterizaram cinco bacias representativas e se estimou a precipitação efetiva através do método da Curva Número. Adicional...

  5. Empresas o divisas de Isabel de Castilla y Fernando de Aragón (los Reyes Católicos

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    Sagrario López Poza

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The kings Isabel I of Castile (1451-1504 and Fernando II of Aragon (1452-1516, well-known with Catholic Monarchs title, granted by Pope Alexander VI in 1496, made wide use of devises or imprese as a personal way of representation. Some of them were incorporated to the coat of arms of Spain during their reign, and today we can still see them sculptured in the stone of buildings of 15th and 16th centuries, painted in walls or ceilings or embroidered in flags. Several historians and philologists have tried to make sense of the main imprese used by these kings, but they have succeeded only partially. Emblems provide important information in order to understand the meaning (as it was in the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries of the imprese with the motto TANTO MONTA. Besides that well-known devise, the Catholic Monarchs used others to which little attention has been paid till now.

  6. A VELHICE NÃO CONTEMPLADA: INVISIBILIDADE DAS DEMANDAS SOCIAIS DA PESSOA IDOSA EM FERNANDO DE NORONHA - NORDESTE DO BRASIL

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    Sálvea de Oliveira Campelo e Paiva

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo geral deste trabalho é apresentar informações epidemiológicas e reflexões sobre os padrões e as desigualdades no processo de envelhecimento. Os resultados da pesquisa sobre o perfil socioeconômico e epidemiológico da população idosa do Distrito Estadual de Fernando de Noronha (DEFN, PE, e uma leitura crítica analisando o IDH, a prevalência de déficit cognitivo, as taxas de envelhecimento e as condições de vida encontradas na ilha reforçam o tom de invisibilidade e negligência das demandas sociais do segmento mais velho da população no conteúdo das políticas públicas do país. Palavras-chave: processo de envelhecimento; desigualdade social; saúde do idoso.

  7. Karyological study of Amphisbaena ridleyi (Squamata, Amphisbaenidae), an endemic species of the Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha, Pernambuco, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    The karyotype of Amphisbaena ridleyi, an endemic species of the archipelago of Fernando de Noronha, in State of Pernambuco, Brazil, is described after conventional staining, Ag-NOR impregnation and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with a telomeric probe. The diploid number is 46, with nine pairs of macrochromosomes (three metacentrics, four subtelocentrics and two acrocentrics) and 14 pairs of microchromosomes. The Ag-NOR is located in the telomeric region of the long arm of metacentric chromosome 2 and FISH revealed signals only in the telomeric region of all chromosomes. Further cytogenetic data on other amphisbaenians as well as a robust phylogenetic hypothesis of this clade is needed in order to understand the evolutionary changes on amphisbaenian karyotypes. PMID:21637605

  8. Politica come intrattenimento. Un’analisi della “messa in scena” politica di Fernando Collor de Mello

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    Paula Diehl

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available  Dopo gli anni 1980, la comunicazione politica delle e dei politici è diventata sempre più ibrida, mescolando intrattenimento e rappresentazione politica. Politici come Silvio Berlusconi, Beppe Grillo, ma anche Barack Obama pongono il proprio corpo al centro della rappresentazione mediatica, utilizzandolo non solo come canale di comunicazione, ma anche come fonte di intrattenimento. Prima ancora della “discesa in campo” di Silvio Berlusconi, il caso dell’ex presidente brasiliano Fernando Alfonso Collor de Mello mostra già nel 1989, in modo emblematico, come la fusione di politica e intrattenimento è diventata una delle principale tendenze della comunicazione politica. L’analisi della sua messa in scena da chiarezza a questa tendenza e rivela un fenomeno nuovo della messa in scena mediatica: l’apparizione del terzo corpo del politico.

  9. Al compás del fin del mundo: La Virgen de los sicarios de Fernando Vallejo

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    María Amalia Barchiesi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The novel La Virgen de los sicarios (Our Lady of the Assassins (1994 by Fernando Vallejo offers a terrifying vision of the apocalyptic and cultural transformations that took place in Colombia from receipt of the globalizing economic policies of the late nineteenth century. This is how a communication model circulated, based mainly on the acoustics which promoted interference and disruption in intersubjective relations, generating destruction and violence. The countless allusions to John’s Book of Revelation in the novel gives a prophetic and eschatological sense to the acoustic signs of an unfinished and devastating modernity which plagued Colombia at the end of last century, with no possibility of salvation. Vallejo's novel attributes this apocalyptic sense the "revelation" of an essential truth of the world and the people of Latin America, the crude unveiling of something hidden and secret, that is, the incorporeal effects of acoustic devices which, consciously or unconsciously, trigger and feed violence in Colombia.

  10. Cenários de geração renovável em Fernando de Noronha

    OpenAIRE

    Silveira, Eduardo Fontes

    2014-01-01

    O presente trabalho apresenta a construção de vários cenários possíveis para a substituição da matriz energética do Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha (FN), hoje totalmente apoiada na geração térmica a diesel, por energias renováveis. Para realização do trabalho utilizou-se o software HOMER, dedicado a associar aspectos energéticos de engenharia a variáveis econômicas. Por meio dessa ferramenta é possível comparar diferentes combinações de tamanhos e quantidades de c...

  11. DON ANTONIO ALFARO, UN CORSARIO AL FRENTE DEL HOSPITAL DE SAN CARLOS EN LA ISLA DE LEÓN

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    Benicia Vidal Galache

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Ante la inminencia de la llegada de las tropas de Napoleón a la Isla de León, hoy San Fernando, se improvisó en la localidad un hospital para la atención de los prisioneros franceses enfermos y heridos en la batalla de Bailén. La dirección del establecimiento se encomendó a D. Antonio Alfaro, cirujano naval formado en el Real Colegio de Cirugía de Cádiz. En la plantilla de facultativos hubo también médicos, cirujanos y practicantes escogidos entre los prisioneros franceses. Analizamos la vida de Alfaro y las especiales circunstancias en las que se inició aquel hospital militar.DON ANTONIO ALFARO, A CORSAIR LEADING THE SAN CARLOS HOSPITAL IN THE ISLA DE LEÓNWith the imminence of the arrival of the troops of Napoleon to the Isla de Leon, today San Fernando, a hospital for the care of the sick and wounded French prisoners at the battle of Bailén was improvised at the village. The address of the establishment was entrusted to D. Antonio Alfaro, naval surgeon trained in the Real Colegio de Cirugía of Cádiz. The staff was composed also by doctors, surgeons and medical assistants chosen among the French prisoners. We analyse the life of Alfaro and the special circumstances in which that military hospital was started.

  12. 78 FR 58878 - Safety Zone; San Diego Shark Fest Swim; San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-25

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; San Diego Shark Fest Swim; San Diego Bay... Diego Shark Fest Swim. This safety zone is necessary to provide for the safety of the participants, crew... this rule because the logistical details of the San Diego Shark Fest Swim were not finalized nor...

  13. INTERPRETAÇÕES DO BRASIL: UMA ANÁLISE COMPARATIVA ENTRE AS IDEIAS DE FERNANDO HENRIQUE CARDOSO E CAIO PRADO JÚNIOR

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    Diogo Del Fiori

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Este artigo propõe fazer uma comparação entre a visão de Fernando Henrique Cardoso e Caio Prado Junior, identificando pontos de convergência entre as idéias de ambos os autores quando comparados com a interpretação do PCB, que defende a existência de restos feudais no Brasil e consequentemente uma revolução democrático – burguesa de conteúdo anti-feudal e anti-imperialista com foco na defesa da independência nacional. Para Caio Prado Junior, nunca houve feudalismo e o Brasil sempre esteve sujeito ao imperialismo e Fernando Henrique Cardoso argumenta a relação de dependência da burguesia nacional perante a burguesia internacional. O ponto de divergência entre ambos os autores é o período em que o Brasil é subordinado, sendo que para Caio Prado Junior é desde a colonização, com o imperialismo realizando seu domínio e épocas posteriores como a época do império e república e para Fernando Henrique Cardoso a partir da década de 1960 com a instalação das multinacionais. Palavras Chave: dependência, burguesia, marxismo Palabras claves: la dependencia, la burguesia, el marxismo Summary This article proposes a comparison between the vision of Fernando Henrique Cardoso and Caio Prado Junior, identifying points of convergence between the ideas of both authors when compared with the interpretation of the PCB, which asserts the existence of feudal remnants in Brazil and consequently a revolution democratic - bourgeois content of anti-feudal and anti-imperialist with a focus on defense of national independence. For Caio Prado Junior, there was never feudalism and Brazil has always been subject to imperialism and Fernando Henrique Cardoso argues the dependence of the national bourgeoisie against the international bourgeoisie. The point of divergence between both authors is the period in which Brazil is subordinate, and for Caio Prado Junior has since colonization, imperialism with its rule making and later times as the

  14. 75 FR 55975 - Safety Zone; San Diego Harbor Shark Fest Swim; San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-15

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; San Diego Harbor Shark Fest Swim; San Diego... Shark Fest Swim, consisting of 600 swimmers swimming a predetermined course. The sponsor will provide 26...; San Diego Harbor Shark Fest Swim; San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA. (a) Location. The following area is a...

  15. APOE-ε4 polymorphism and cognitive deficit among the elderly population of Fernando de Noronha Polimorfismo de APOE-ε4 e déficit cognitivo na população idosa de Fernando de Noronha

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    Anália Nusya Garcia

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Polymorphism of the gene for apolipoprotein E (APOE is an important risk factor for the development of Alzheimer's disease. The ε4 allele of the APOE gene has been linked with a number of neuropsychiatric illnesses, and also with stress and depression among geriatric populations. OBJECTIVE: To identify APOE-ε4 polymorphism and correlate this with cognitive deficit among the elderly population of the island of Fernando de Noronha. METHOD: Neuropsychiatric tests (mini-mental state examination, verbal fluency test and clock drawing test were applied to 52 elderly people without Alzheimer's disease. DNA was isolated from peripheral blood and genotyping of APOE was done by the PCR-RFLP method. RESULTS: 87% of the elderly population (mean age 69.6±7.0 had cognitive deficit. CONCLUSION: The observed frequency of the ε4 allele was 10%, but the correlation between the presence of ε4 and cognitive deficit in this population was not statistically significant.INTRODUÇÃO: Polimorfismos no gene da apoliproteína E (APOE são importantes fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento da doença de Alzheimer (DA. O alelo ε4 do gene APOE tem sido relacionado com declínio cognitivo e algumas doenças neuropsiquiátricas, primariamente a doença de Alzheimer. OBJETIVO: Identificar os polimorfismos de APOE-ε4 e relacionar com deficit cognitivo na população idosa da ilha de Fernando de Noronha. MÉTODO: Foram aplicados testes neuropsiquiátricos (mini exame do estado mental, teste de fluência verbal e teste do relógio em 52 idosos sem DA. O DNA foi isolado do sangue periférico e a genotipagem de APOE foi realizada por PCR-RFLP. RESULTADOS: 87% da população idosa com idade média de 69.6±7.0 apresentou déficit cognitivo. Foi observada uma freqüência de 10% do alelo ε4. CONCLUSÃO: Não foi encontrada significância estatística quando relacionada a presença deste alelo e déficit cognitivo nos idosos avaliados.

  16. Riesgo de caries en los niños de tercer grado de la escuela “Fernando Cuesta Piloto” Risk of dental caries in 3rd grade schoolchildren from “Fernando Cuesta Piloto” elementary school.

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    Lilian Toledo Reyes

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio epidemiológico descriptivo transversal para determinar el riesgo de caries mediante el empleo de un modelo de predicción (tabla de riesgo en 64 infantes que cursan el tercer grado en la escuela “Fernando Cuesta Piloto” en Santa Clara, en el período comprendido de septiembre a mayo del 2006. Para la estimación del riesgo de caries en niños se utilizó un modelo que emplea predictores factibles de medir en nuestros servicios estomatológicos, garantizando la identificación de factores de riesgo asociados con la enfermedad. La recogida de la información se llevó a cabo por el método de encuesta, mediante examen clínico, observación, mediciones y entrevistas individuales. Se pudo observar que el 19,4 % de los examinados se encontró en la categoría de alto riesgo. Se destaca que el factor de riesgo que más se asoció con otros de manera significativa o muy significativa fue el de hábitos nocivos, seguido por antecedentes de caries y caries en familiares. Consideramos que el empleo de este modelo de predicción resulta de vital importancia para garantizar la identificación de factores asociados con la enfermedad y favorecer la proyección estratégica en función de prevenir el inicio de esta.A cross-sectional descriptive epidemiological study was undertaken to determine the risk of dental caries in 64 third-grade children from “Fernando Cuesta Piloto” elementary school located in Santa Clara city, Villa Clara province, in the period from September 2005 to May 2006. For caries risk estimation, a model comprising feasible predictors that may be measured in our dental services was used, thus assuring the detection of disease-related risk factors. The surveying method based on clinical exam, observation, measurement and individual interviews made data collection possible. It was stressed that the most significant risk factor was harmful habits, followed by a history of dental caries in the children and their

  17. Morbilidad percibida y atención prenatal en mujeres marginadas de Chiapas, México

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    Estrada Arévalo, Ángel René

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Estimar la frecuencia de morbilidad percibida durante el embarazo en residentes de áreas urbanas marginales, así como la relación entre ésta y el número de consultas prenatales. Material y métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal en 15 asentamientos urbanos marginales de Chiapas. La muestra incluyó a mujeres en edad reproductiva recientemente embarazadas (n=230, entre quienes se indagó sobre morbilidad percibida y atención prenatal. Se realizó un análisis bivariado estimándose la razón de momios. El multivariado, mediante regresión logística binomial tomó las variables que durante el bivariado mostraron un valor de p hasta de 0.20. El análisis de varianza unidireccional estimó la relación entre las distintas categorías de morbilidad y el número de consultas prenatales. Resultados. Existe menor morbilidad de riesgo reportada entre indígenas, asociada a un menor número de consultas prenatales. Conclusiones. Es importante modificar la operación del programa de salud reproductiva, especialmente entre las mujeres indígenas y marginadas.

  18. Organochlorine Pesticides in the Ferruginous Pygmy Owl (Glaucidium brasilianum) in Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arrona-Rivera, Alicia E; Enríquez, Paula L; García-Feria, Luis M; Orellana, Sergio Alvarado; von Osten, Jaime Rendón

    2016-09-01

    Concentrations of organochlorine pesticides were quantified in samples of feathers (n = 17) and blood (n = 15) of the ferruginous pygmy owl (Glaucidium brasilianum). The individuals were captured near the Protected Natural Area Cerro Sonsonate, Chiapas, Mexico, between February and June 2014. In both tissues, pesticides belonging to seven organochlorine chemical families were detected. However, the organochlorine pesticide concentrations differed between feathers and blood. The highest concentrations of hexachlorocyclohexanes were found in feathers (0.63 ± 0.89 μg/g), whereas the highest concentrations of ΣDrines were found in blood (0.31 ± 0.47 μg/mL). By using the summed concentrations for each of the seven families of pesticides found in feathers, we did not find any significant correlation between the pesticides and pectoral muscle or body weight (p > 0.15). The ΣDDT group was the only pesticide family that showed a positive correlation with owl body weight (r = 0.60, p = 0.05); the concentrations of these pesticides were also high in feather and blood tissues (r = 0.87, p = 0.02). Our results confirm that ferruginous pygmy owls in the study area are exposed to these pesticides.

  19. Morbilidad percibida y atención prenatal en mujeres marginadas de Chiapas, México

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    Candelaria Margarita Aguilar Ruiz

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Estimar la frecuencia de morbilidad percibida durante el embarazo en residentes de áreas urbanas marginales, así como la relación entre ésta y el número de consultas prenatales. Material y métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal en 15 asentamientos urbanos marginales de Chiapas. La muestra incluyó a mujeres en edad reproductiva recientemente embarazadas (n=230, entre quienes se indagó sobre morbilidad percibida y atención prenatal. Se realizó un análisis bivariado estimándose la razón de momios. El multivariado, mediante regresión logística binomial tomó las variables que durante el bivariado mostraron un valor de p hasta de 0.20. El análisis de varianza unidireccional estimó la relación entre las distintas categorías de morbilidad y el número de consultas prenatales. Resultados. Existe menor morbilidad de riesgo reportada entre indígenas, asociada a un menor número de consultas prenatales. Conclusiones. Es importante modificar la operación del programa de salud reproductiva, especialmente entre las mujeres indígenas y marginadas.

  20. Relaciones de género y mercados de derechos de agua y tierra en Chiapas

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    Laura Elena Ruiz Meza

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analizan los elementos de género presentes en los procesos de mercantilización de los derechos agrarios y de agua para regadío en el área de influencia del distrito de riego 101 Cuxtepeques, localizado en la región Frailesca de Chiapas. También se examinan las implicaciones de la instrumentación de las políticas hídricas impulsadas en México, para introducir mecanismos de mercado que incentiven la inversión privada en la reasignación de los derechos al agua y la seguridad en la tenencia de la tierra para las mujeres campesinas. A partir de lo cual se sostiene que, en el marco de las relaciones y estructuras de poder existentes, los mercados de derechos de agua recrean mecanismos de exclusión e inequidad social y de género en los procesos de gestión de los recursos hídricos locales.

  1. Flood risk assessment. Case of study: Motozintla de Mendoza, Chiapas, Mexico

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    David A. Novelo-Casanova

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Due to its geographical location, the community of Motozintla de Mendoza (Motozintla in the State of Chiapas, Mexico, is continuously exposed to the impact of natural hazards. In this work, we assessed the flood risk of Motozintla considering the structural, socioeconomic, organizational, and global (structural, socioeconomic, and organizational vulnerabilities. In addition, we also measured the local risk perception. Spatial maps were generated to determine the most vulnerable and risk areas of this community. Our results indicate that the population has a high level of risk to flooding mainly because (1 the majority of the local houses has high structural vulnerability; (2 a high percentage of the families has a daily income less than the official Mexican minimum wage and lacks of basic public services as well as of proper social security services; (3 most of the community does not know any existing Civil Protection Plan; and (4 the community organization for disaster mitigation and response is practically non-existent. For these reasons, we believe that it is necessary for local authorities to establish in the short-term, preparedness, mitigation and response plans as well as land-use measures to reduce the risk to floods in Motozintla.

  2. Determinantes del ingreso en los hogares en zonas rurales de Chiapas

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    Lucila Godínez Montoya

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La investigación consistió en identificar los factores que determinan el ingreso corrien - te mensual de los hogares en la zona rural de Chiapas, aparte de las propias actividades agrícolas. Se planteó un modelo econométrico, en el cual el logaritmo del ingreso fue la variable dependiente y las explicativas fueron el sexo del jefe del hogar, la edad, la edad al cuadrado, jefe del hogar con primaria completa, jefe del hogar con secundaria com - pleta, jefe del hogar con preparatoria completa, los integrantes del hogar, perceptores de ingresos ocupados y los años de estudio del jefe del hogar. Los resultados indican que tanto el modelo como todos los coeficientes estimados fueron significativos y con los signos esperados; existiendo una relación directa entre la variable dependiente con el sexo, la edad; la primaria, secundaria y preparatoria completas, perceptores de ingre - sos ocupados y los años de estudio, y una relación inversa con la edad al cuadrado y los integrantes del hogar.

  3. Predictors of leafhopper abundance and richness in a coffee agroecosystem in Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burdine, Justin D; Domínguez Martínez, Gabriel H; Philpott, Stacy M

    2014-04-01

    Coffee agroecosystems with a vegetatively complex shade canopy contain high levels of biodiversity. However, as coffee management is intensified, diversity may be lost. Most biodiversity studies in coffee agroecosystems have examined predators and not herbivores, despite their importance as potential coffee pests and coffee disease vectors. We sampled one abundant herbivore group of leafhoppers on an organic coffee farm in Chiapas, Mexico. We sampled leafhoppers with elevated pan traps in high- and moderate-shade coffee during the dry and wet seasons of 2011. The two major objectives were to 1) compare leafhopper abundance and richness during the wet and dry seasons and 2) examine the correlations between habitat characteristics (e.g., vegetation, elevation, and presence of aggressive ants) and leafhopper richness and abundance. We collected 2,351 leafhoppers, representing eight tribes and 64 morphospecies. Leafhopper abundance was higher in the dry season than in the wet season. Likewise, leafhopper richness was higher in the dry season. Several vegetation and other habitat characteristics correlated with abundance and richness of leafhoppers. The number of Inga trees positively correlated with leafhopper abundance, and other significant correlates of abundance included vegetation complexity. Leafhopper richness was correlated with the number of Inga trees. As leafhoppers transmit important coffee diseases, understanding the specific habitat factors correlating with changes in abundance and richness may help predict future disease outbreaks.

  4. Cuerpos enclaustrados: el caso de las Ciudades Rurales Sustentables en Chiapas, México

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    Mariflor Aguilar

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir del análisis del “Plan Puebla Panamá” rebautizado recientemente con el nombre de “Proyecto de Integración y Desarrollo de Mesoamérica” se analiza el proyecto de las ciudades rurales sustentables en el estado de Chiapas, México, las cuales han sido legitimadas bajo un discurso que las autoras denominan blindaje discursivo de las políticas públicas, el cual legitima la expropiación de las tierras campesinas y la liberación de los campesinos como fuerza de trabajo barata al servicio de los intereses del capital trasnacional. Particulariza en un estudio de caso de la Ciudad Rural Sustentable Nuevo Juan de Grijalba bajo el intento de mostrar que el  enclaustramiento y la subordinación forzosa se manifiestan en la transformación de los sujetos, que pasan de ser campesinos con tierras propias y producción para el autoconsumo, a fuerza de trabajo liberada presa de los mercados laborales y locales; de sujetos autónomos con espacios de hábitat amplios conformados también por tradiciones culturales, a cuerpos hacinados en pequeñas casas llenas de ratas; de colectividades con tradiciones de participación política comunitaria, a sujetos vigilados y con temor de manifestar cualquier oposición política.

  5. Cuerpos enclaustrados: el caso de las Ciudades Rurales Sustentables en Chiapas, México.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariflor Aguilar

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir del análisis del “Plan Puebla Panamá” rebautizado recientemente con el nombre de “Proyecto de Integración y Desarrollo de Mesoamérica” se analiza el proyecto de las ciudades rurales sustentables en el estado de Chiapas, México, las cuales han sido legitimadas bajo un discurso que las autoras denominan blindaje discursivo de las políticas públicas, el cual legitima la expropiación de lastierras campesinas y la liberación de los campesinos como fuerza de trabajo barata al servicio de los intereses del capital trasnacional. Particulariza en un estudio de caso de la Ciudad Rural Sustentable Nuevo Juan de Grijalba bajo el intento de mostrar que el enclaustramiento y la subordinación forzosa se manifiestan en la transformación de los sujetos, que pasan de ser campesinos con tierras propias y producción para el autoconsumo, a fuerza de trabajo liberada presa de los mercados laborales y locales; de sujetos autónomos con espacios de hábitat amplios conformadostambién por tradiciones culturales, a cuerpos hacinados en pequeñas casasllenas de ratas; de colectividades con tradiciones de participación política comunitaria, a sujetos vigilados y con temor de manifestar cualquier oposición política.

  6. Identity and sociocultural change: Comparing young indigenous people in Chiapas who have different sociodemographic trajectories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esteban-Guitart, Moisès; Perera, Santi; Monreal-Bosch, Pilar; Bastiani, José

    2016-08-22

    One of the most commonly used distinctions in cross-cultural studies is the one between individualism and collectivism. One of the criticisms levelled at this distinction is that it fails to incorporate the differences that may exist when comparing people from a rural context with little formal education to people from the same group who live in an urban context where formal education is the norm. Bearing in mind these sociodemographic factors, we have compared the self-concepts among 104 young indigenous people in Chiapas (Mexico), having divided them into three groups: "rural-traditional," "rural-urban" and "urban." These people's self-concepts were analysed using a task that contrasts personal self-concept with social self-concept and a technique in which participants draw themselves along with the things and people they consider most important to them. The results reveal significant differences between the three groups. The personal categories are given a higher value in the "urban" group while the social categories score higher in the "rural-traditional" group. Regarding the results of the indigenous self-portraits, from the content analysis of the drawings, 16 categories emerged. These findings are discussed in the light of Greenfield's theory of social change and human development. © 2016 International Union of Psychological Science.

  7. [Obstacles to overcome in the control of pulmonary tuberculosis in the border region of Chiapas, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez Pérez, H J; Halperin Frisch, D

    1997-01-01

    To improve the control of the pulmonary tuberculosis in the Border Region of Chiapas, Mexico. Academic researchers, health development workers from the nongovernmental sector and government health authorities met in a workshop to analyze recent experiences with tuberculosis. Among the important issues addressed were: with regard to official health services, the lack of resources, particularly medication, organizational problems which result in poor or absent communication within and among different health entities, the under diagnosis of cases and the lack of sufficient index of suspicion for tuberculosis among health personnel. With regard to the population at risk, there are profound socio-cultural barriers which include a lack of confidence in the quality of government health care centers and little attention given to chronic cough. Poorest, indigenous and more remote people have less access to care and are more likely to have advanced tuberculosis before seeking treatment if at all. New strategies proposed were to integrate communication efforts in tuberculosis control among all the involved health services, including private physicians, identify those patients at greatest risk, improve diagnostic skills of health providers, develop education campaigns in rural areas. Certain factors which impede better TB control seem amenable to change, others, such as severe poverty, particularly among peasants and indigeneous people, as well as the current political disruption, will require much broader intersectorial interventions.

  8. Ethnomedical syndromes and treatment-seeking behavior among Mayan refugees in Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Bryce D; Sabin, Miriam; Berlin, Elois Ann; Nackerud, Larry

    2009-09-01

    This survey investigated the prevalence of ethnomedical syndromes and examined treatments and treatment-seeking in Mayan Guatemalans living in United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee (UNHCR) camps in Chiapas, Mexico. Methods included a rapid ethnographic assessment to refine survey methods and inform the cross-sectional survey, which also examined mental health outcomes; 183 households were approached for interview, representing an estimated 1,546 residents in five refugee camps and 93% of all households. One adult per household (N = 170) was interviewed regarding his or her health; an additional 9 adults in three surveyed households participated and were included in this analysis; of the 179 participants, 95 primary child-care providers also answered a children's health questionnaire for their children. Results indicated that ethnomedical syndromes were common in this sample, with 59% of adults and 48.4% of children having experienced susto (fright condition) and 34.1% of adults reporting ataques de nervios (nervous attacks); both conditions were significantly associated with symptoms consistent with posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression and are mental health conditions recognized by the American Psychiatric Association. Combining healthcare provider and indigenous treatments such as physician prescribed medication (65%), medicinal plants (65.7%), and limpias (spiritual cleansings) (40.6%) was reported. Most participants (86%) sought routine medical treatment from UNHCR trained health promoters in their camp. Assessing ethnomedical health is important for informing mental health programs among this population.

  9. CYP2D6 genetic polymorphisms in Southern Mexican Mayan Lacandones and Mestizos from Chiapas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-López, Marisol; Peñas-Lledó, Eva; Dorado, Pedro; Ortega, Alberto; Corona, Teresa; Ochoa, Adriana; Yescas, Petra; Alonso, Elisa; LLerena, Adrián

    2014-01-01

    In previous CYP2D6 genotyping studies in Mexican-Amerindians a very low frequency of poor metabolizers (PMs) has been reported. Moreover, ultrarapid metabolizers (UMs) status has only been analyzed in some groups from Northern Mexico. In the present study we evaluated the hypothesis of low frequency of PMs in Mexican-Amerindians in Southern Mexican populations from Chiapas (Lacandones [ML] vs Mestizos [MM]). The frequency of UMs is also reported. CYP2D6 alleles *2, *3, *4, *5, *6, *10, *17, *35 and *41 and copy number variations were analyzed in 154 ML and 100 MM healthy volunteers. The PM frequency was 0% in MLs and 1% in MMs, and for UMs was 2.6% in MLs and 3% in MMs. The present data support previous findings reporting a very low frequency of CYP2D6 PMs in Mexican-Amerindians. Furthermore, the predicted UM phenotype in both MMs and MLs was lower than those reported for most Mexican populations.

  10. Utilization of agroindustrial waste for biosurfactant production by native bacteria from chiapas

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    Yañez-Ocampo Gustavo

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available In this work, two agro-industrial wastes, namely Waste Cooking Oil (WCO and Coffee Wastewater (CW have been used as the carbon source for the production of biosurfactants, due to their low cost and high availability. Biosurfactant-producing bacterial isolates from the Mexican state of Chiapas were used. The selected biosurfactant-producer strains were evaluated in a liquid medium with 2% (v/v of WCO as the carbon source. The assay was conducted in an Erlenmeyer flask containing 300 mL aliquots of mineral salt media (MSM + residue and incubated at 100 rpm at room temperature for 96 hours. The biosurfactant produced in the samples reduced the surface tension from 50 to 30-29 mN/m. Strains A and 83 showed the maximum emulsification index at 58-59%. Strain A showed the highest biosurfactant yield with a production of 3.7 g/L in comparison with strains B, 83 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC27853. Our results suggest that the biosurfactant produced by strain A has great potential in the treatment of wastewater with a high content of fatty acids, and of soils contaminated by pesticides or oil hydrocarbons.

  11. Afro-Asian cockroach from Chiapas amber and the lost Tertiary American entomofauna

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    Vršanský, Peter; Cifuentes-Ruiz, Paulina; Vidlička, Ľubomír; Čiampor, Fedor; Vega, Francisco J.

    2011-10-01

    Cockroach genera with synanthropic species (Blattella, Ectobius, Supella, Periplaneta, Diploptera and ?Blatta), as well as other insects such as honeybees, although natively limited to certain continents nowadays, had circumtropic distribution in the past. The ease of their reintroduction into their former range suggests a post-Early Miocene environmental stress which led to the extinction of cosmopolitan Tertiary entomofauna in the Americas, whilst in Eurasia, Africa and Australia this fauna survived. This phenomenon is demonstrated here on a low diversity (10 spp.) living cockroach genus Supella, which is peculiar for the circumtropical synanthropic brownbanded cockroach S. longipalpa and also for its exclusively free-living cavicolous species restricted to Africa. S. (Nemosupella) miocenica sp. nov. from the Miocene amber of Chiapas in Mexico is a sister species to the living S. mirabilis from the Lower Guinea forests and adjacent savannas. The difference is restricted to the shape of the central macula on the pronotum, and size, which may indicate the around-Miocene origin of the living, extremely polymorphic Supella species and possibly also the isochronic invasion into the Americas. The species also has a number of characteristics of the Asian (and possibly also Australian) uniform genus Allacta (falling within the generic variability of Supella) suggesting Supella is a direct ancestor of the former. The present species is the first significant evidence for incomplete hiati between well defined cockroach genera — a result of the extensive fossil record of the group. The reported specimen is covered by a mycelium of a parasitic fungus Cordyceps or Entomophthora.

  12. [Dengue-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices in primary schools in Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, José Luis; Ordóñez, José Genaro; Vázquez-Martínez, M Guadalupe

    2014-03-01

    To identify dengue-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices among primary school students in Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico, before and after an educational intervention. The study was carried out at 19 randomly selected public primary schools. Surveys of knowledge, attitudes, and practices were conducted before and after educational sessions with fifthand sixth-grade elementary school students. The educational strategy "Escuelas sin mosquitos" ("Schools without Mosquitoes") emphasized the importance of students' participation in taking care of their schools and homes in order to prevent dengue through vector control. Before and after the educational sessions, a total of 3 124 surveys were conducted on the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of 1 562 fifth and sixth-grade students (772 and 790 students, respectively) between 10 and 12 years of age. The students' level of knowledge was significantly higher after the implementation of the educational strategy. In comparison with the fifth-graders, the sixth-grade students both already had and also acquired significantly more knowledge of several aspects of the disease and the vector. In all the schools, there were containers with water identified as potential breeding sites, and in 68% of the schools, these containers tested positive for Aedes aegypti larvae. It was demonstrated that by implementing an educational strategy, children's knowledge, attitudes, and practices were improved in terms of taking care of their schools and promoting a change of attitude to this disease at home.

  13. Burkholderia species associated with legumes of Chiapas, Mexico, exhibit stress tolerance and growth in aromatic compounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de León-Martínez, José A; Yañez-Ocampo, Gustavo; Wong-Villarreal, Arnoldo

    2017-08-29

    Leguminous plants have received special interest for the diversity of β-proteobacteria in their nodules and are promising candidates for biotechnological applications. In this study, 15 bacterial strains were isolated from the nodules of the following legumes: Indigofera thibaudiana, Mimosa diplotricha, Mimosa albida, Mimosa pigra, and Mimosa pudica, collected in 9 areas of Chiapas, Mexico. The strains were grouped into four profiles of genomic fingerprints through BOX-PCR and identified based on their morphology, API 20NE biochemical tests, sequencing of the 16S rRNA, nifH and nodC genes as bacteria of the Burkholderia genus, genetically related to Burkholderia phenoliruptrix, Burkholderia phymatum, Burkholderia sabiae, and Burkholderia tuberum. The Burkholderia strains were grown under stress conditions with 4% NaCl, 45°C, and benzene presence at 0.1% as the sole carbon source. This is the first report on the isolation of these nodulating species of the Burkholderia genus in legumes in Mexico. Copyright © 2017 Asociación Argentina de Microbiología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  14. [The household economy: a determinant of maternal death among indigenous women in Chiapas, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrera Torres, María del Carmen; Cruz Burguete, Jorge Luis; Robledo Hernández, Gabriela Patricia; Montoya Gómez, Guillermo

    2006-02-01

    To assess the determining role of financial situation and gender relations on maternal mortality among Indigenous women in Chiapas, Mexico. A quantitative/qualitative study was performed by means of a survey of 158 families, as well as in-depth interviews of persons linked to cases of maternal death, community leaders from throughout the region, and focal groups composed of traditional birth attendants. Decision-making surrounding women's health within the household is a critical problem because it is entirely in the hands of the husband and his relatives. In cases of high-risk pregnancy or birth, options for seeking care outside the community become limited, so that 48.7% of all obstetric cases are assisted by traditional birth attendants, 45.3% by relatives, and 6% by the mate. The problem is compounded by the high level of marginalization and very low human development index that characterize the region under study, by women's exclusion from the ownership of goods, including land, and by the fact that 97.7% of women only speak indigenous languages. Gender inequities within Indigenous families, together with a household economy that does not cover the basic necessities, are among the factors that keep women from receiving the necessary care during their reproductive processes. Because of the low socioeconomic status these women have, decisions surrounding care during pregnancy, birth, and the puerperium take a large toll on their health and their lives.

  15. Farmer preference for improved corn seeds in Chiapas, Mexico: A choice experiment approach

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    Blanca I. Sánchez-Toledano

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Appropriate technologies must be developed for adoption of improved seeds based on the farmers’ preferences and needs. Our research identified the farmers’ willingness to pay (WTP as a key determinant for selecting the improved varieties of maize seeds and landraces in Chiapas, Mexico. This work also analyzed the farmers’ observed heterogeneity on the basis of their socio-economic characteristics. Data were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire from 200 farmers. A proportional choice experiment approach was applied using a proportional choice variable, where farmers were asked to state the percentage of preference for different alternative varieties in a choice set. The generalized multinomial logit model in WTP-space approach was used. The results suggest that the improved seed varieties are preferred over the Creole alternatives, thereby ensuring higher yields, resistance to diseases, and larger ear size. For the preference heterogeneity analyses, a latent class model was applied. Three types of farmers were identified: innovators (60.5%, transition farmers (29.4%, and conservative farmers (10%. An understanding of farmers’ preferences is useful in designing agricultural policies and creating pricing and marketing strategies for the dissemination of quality seeds.

  16. Organochlorine pesticide distribution in an organic production system for cow's milk in Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murga, María N; Gutiérrez, Rey; Vega, Salvador; Pérez, José J; Ortiz, Rutilio; Schettino, Beatriz; Yamasaki, Alberto; Ruíz, Jorge L

    2016-09-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the presence of organochlorine pesticides in samples of forage, soil, water, and milk in four units of an organic production system for cow´s milk (samples of forage, milk, soil, and water) in Tecpatan, Chiapas, Mexico. The organochlorine pesticides were extracted from forage, soil and water based on the USEPA (2005) guideline and from milk based on the IDF 1991 guideline. The pesticides were identified and quantified by gas chromatography with electron capture detector (CG-ECD). In general, the highest average concentration of total pesticides was found in the samples of milk and forage (311 ± 328 and 116.5 ±77 ng g(-1) respectively). Although, the production systems analyzed are organic, organochlorine pesticides were detected in all environmental samples (forage, soil, water, and organic milk). Although no values surpassed the defined limits of Mexican and International regulation it is advisable that a monitoring program of contaminants in these production systems is continued.

  17. Decolonizando acciones públicas contra el feminicidio con cuerpos disidentes: el performance y la plataforma arte acción en Chiapas México

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    Brittany Chávez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Proponemos una forma alternativa de denunciar y visibilizar la violencia feminicida en la región de Chiapas por medio de la plataforma de performance y activismo Arte Acción. Tres partes constituyen este artículo: la situación del feminicidio en Chiapas y nuestra metodología desde lo erótico, lo decolonial y lo pedagógico; la creación de la memoria colectiva a través de acciones públicas; y nuestro trabajo continuado con la plataforma como un modo de activismo alternativo.

  18. Decolonizando acciones públicas contra el feminicidio con cuerpos disidentes: el performance y la plataforma arte acción en Chiapas México

    OpenAIRE

    Brittany Chávez; Doris Difarnecio

    2014-01-01

    Proponemos una forma alternativa de denunciar y visibilizar la violencia feminicida en la región de Chiapas por medio de la plataforma de performance y activismo Arte Acción. Tres partes constituyen este artículo: la situación del feminicidio en Chiapas y nuestra metodología desde lo erótico, lo decolonial y lo pedagógico; la creación de la memoria colectiva a través de acciones públicas; y nuestro trabajo continuado con la plataforma como un modo de activismo alternativo.

  19. Características citopatológicas de la leucemia aguda en el Hospital de Especialidades Pediátricas de Chiapas, México

    OpenAIRE

    Lepe-Zúñiga, José Luis; Jerónimo-López, Francisco Javier; Hernández-Orantes, Jorge Gregorio

    2017-01-01

    Introducción: Se desconocen las características citopatológicas de las leucemias agudas en pacientes de Chiapas, México, ya que es una población relativamente aislada con alto índice de consanguinidad, lo cual podría afectar la evolución y la respuesta terapéutica. Métodos: Se clasificaron morfológica, inmunofenotípica y genotípicamente 81 casos de leucemia aguda en pacientes atendidos en el Hospital de Especialidades Pediátricas de Chiapas, indicando riesgo al ingreso y situación al momen...

  20. Una aproximación biográfica a don Fermín José Fuero: obispo de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Martínez Vellisca

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available A partir de un minucioso trabajo de archivo, y con el propósito de contribuir a salvaguardar la memoria histórica de Chiapas, en este texto se explora la vida peninsular de quien fuera obispo de Chiapa y Soconusco, don Fermín José Fuero Gómez, natural de la villa de Cañizares (Cuenca, quien fue preconizado el 18 de julio de 1795 y consagrado en Guatemala el 11 de septiembre de 1796.

  1. Fertilización N-P-K en plantaciones de palma de aceite (Elaeis guineesis Jacq.) en el norte de Chiapas

    OpenAIRE

    Córdova Sánchez, Alberto

    2012-01-01

    Debido a que existe un conocimiento limitado sobre las necesidades nutricionales del cultivo de la palma de aceite en el norte de Chiapas, se realizó el presente estudio con el objetivo de evaluar diferentes tratamientos de fertilización NPK en plantaciones comerciales de palma de aceite, a través del rendimiento y la concentración foliar de NPK. Para ello, se establecieron dos parcelas experimentales en el municipio de Palenque, Chiapas en plantaciones del híbrido Deli x ...

  2. La pedagogía de los caracoles: Chiapas y el sistema educativo Rebelde Zapatista de Liberación Nacional

    OpenAIRE

    Obando Arias, Milagro

    2015-01-01

    Este artículo expone las premisas que conforman, actualmente, el sistema educativo que se viene gestando, desde 1996, en las comunidades Zapatistas, indígenas y autónomas de Chiapas, en el sureste mexicano.  Como propuesta curricular, el Sistema Educativo Rebelde Zapatista, en Chiapas, responde a un proyecto determinado de sociedad civil, y una específica visión de ser humano.  Para encontrar estos fundamentos, es necesario revisar las movilizaciones que se han gestado a lo largo de veinte añ...

  3. Analysis of economic convergence within Chiapas municipalities, regions and apparent inconsistencies Análisis de convergencia económica en el interior de Chiapas: municipios, regiones e inconsistencias aparentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar PELÁEZ HERREROS

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The data of annual per capita income estimated by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP for the municipal human development index in Mexico shows that, in Chiapas, during the period 2000-2005, there was a strong convergence at the municipal level while there was no regional convergence. To explain this apparent inconsistency, the article «Regression towards mediocrity in hereditary stature», published by Galton in 1886, is examined, concluding that the clustering level of the data (municipal or regional determines the convergence analysis results, because the grouping of municipalities in regions causes loss of information that can generate phenomena of «regression towards the mean» or just the opposite, as is the case. In Chiapas, the municipal convergence would have led to convergence within the regions but not between regions.A partir de los datos de ingreso per cápita anual estimados por el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD en la elaboración del índice de desarrollo humano municipal en México, se comprueba que, en el interior de Chiapas durante el periodo 2000- 2005, se dio un proceso de fuerte convergencia a nivel municipal al tiempo que no hubo convergencia regional. Para explicar esta aparente inconsistencia, se reexamina el artículo «Regression towards mediocrity in hereditary stature» publicado por Galton en 1886, concluyendo que el nivel de agrupación de los datos (municipal o regional condiciona los resultados del análisis de convergencia, ya que la agrupación de los municipios en regiones origina pérdidas de información que pueden generar fenómenos de «regresión hacia la media» o justo lo contrario, como es el caso. En Chiapas, la convergencia municipal habría dado lugar a la convergencia dentro de las regiones, pero no entre regiones.

  4. Fernando Pessoa e Cesare Lombroso: literatura e psiquiatria DOI - 10.5752/P.2358-3428.2012v16n31p29

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Souza

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available  Neste artigo analisaremos as leituras realizadas por Fernando Pessoa sobre a psiquiatria, especialmente os livros de Cesare Lombroso, e a utilização destas leituras na criação literária pessoana. Na primeira década do século XX, Pessoa e seus outros eus (com destaque para Charles Robert Anon e Alexander Search tinham especial interesse nas ciências do psiquismo humano. Este fato pode ser constatado nos diários e notas de leituras presentes no espólio pessoano. Neste artigo iremos explorar as relações entre a literatura e a psiquiatria a partir dos textos deixados pelo autor português.Palavras-chave: Fernando Pessoa. Lombroso. Psiquiatria. Literatura.

  5. A dependência da política: Fernando Henrique Cardoso e a sociologia no Brasil

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    Afrânio Garcia Jr.

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a trajetória social, intelectual e profissional de Fernando Henrique Cardoso para entender os diferentes recursos sociais e disposições pessoais utilizados em sua carreira como sociólogo e em suas atividades como especialista da política. Busca demonstrar que os capitais sociais e as disposições responsáveis pelo prestígio como pesquisador e professor de ciências sociais foram distintos dos aplicados no domínio da política, permitindo sua rápida ascensão à presidência da República. Depois de estudar suas origens familiares, focaliza seus investimentos escolares e a escolha do ofício de sociólogo, a carreira promissora sendo bloqueada pelo golpe de 1964. O exílio permitiu a extensão das atividades e o reconhecimento internacional, reinvestidos em novo concurso para a USP; o AI-5 o conduzirá à dupla condição de cientista social e de um dos líderes da frente de oposições aos militares. Por fim, analisa-se a reconversão de seus recursos sociais e pessoais na profissão política.This article analyzes Fernando Henrique Cardoso's social, intellectual and professional trajectory in order to understand the different social resources and personal dispositions carried out in his career as sociologist or in his activities as a professional politician. It seeks to prove that the social capitals and the dispositions that might explain his prestige as researcher and professor of social sciences were very different from those required in the political domain, the ones allowing his fast rise to be the president of the Republic. After having examined his family origins, it focuses his scholar investments and the choice of the sociologist's occupation, a promising career suddenly blocked by the 1964 military coup. The exile encouraged new initiatives and brought him international appraisal, this moment being crowned with his access to the chair of political science at the University of São Paulo; the AI-5 enforced

  6. Estudo psicossocial da maconha entre adolescentes do Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha-PE = Psycosocial study: marijuana among adolescents of Arquipelágo of Fernando de Noronha, Brazil

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    Araújo, Ludgleydson Fernandes de

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Tendo em vista o aumento do uso abusivo de substâncias psicoativas, em particular, a maconha, na realidade brasileira, a presente pesquisa teve como objetivo verificar as representações sociais acerca do uso da maconha entre estudantes do Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha-PE. Participaram 50 sujeitos, de ambos os sexos, do ensino fundamental e médio, com média de idade de 20 anos. Utilizou-se entrevista semiestruturada e o teste de associação livre de palavras que precederam as regras de anonimato e espontaneidade à participação; utilizou-se a análise de conteúdo e a técnica das redes semânticas para compreensão dos resultados. Foram apreendidas representações da maconha sendo ressaltados os aspectos prejudiciais de sua utilização pelos estudantes. Conclui-se pela importância de medidas preventivas de intervenção com jovens e por meio de informação e sensibilização aos danos partindo das representações colhidas

  7. Estrategia para el manejo de suelos ácidos en frijol (phaseolus vulgaris l. en el estado de Chiapas, Mexico

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    Bernardo Villar S\\u00E1nchez

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Estrategia para el manejo de suelos ácidos en frijol (Phaseolus vulgaris L. en el estado de Chiapas, México. Por su contribución en la dieta alimenticia y la generación de empleos, y por existir una ancestral cultura productiva y una superficie de siembra de más de 100 mil hectáreas, el cultivo de frijol es de fundamental importancia en el estado de Chiapas. Sin embargo, se ha determinado una brecha tecnológica de más de 700 kg/ha entre el potencial del cultivo y los rendimientos actuales. Esta es ocasionada por numerosos factores limitantes entre los que destaca la presencia de suelos de baja fertilidad y ácidos. La estrategia adoptada para el manejo de este problema incluye: 1.Aplicación de cal y fósforo; 2. Mejoramiento genético para resistencia; 3.Manejo de los ciclos de materia orgánica y nutrientes del suelo; y 4.Combinación de las tres alternativas. En este reporte se dan los avances obtenidos con relación a la primera alternativa considerada como el paso inicial para el logro de un manejo integral de suelos en Chiapas. Durante 1997 se estudiaron cinco dosis de cal y tres de fósforo en condiciones de invernadero y campo para suelos de diferentes localidades. Se utilizó un experimento factorial completo con cuatro repeticiones, los experimentos fueron evaluados en términos de la producción de grano y al efecto de la cal sobre las propiedades químicas del suelo. Hubo respuesta del frijol en rendimiento a la aplicación de cal y fósforo

  8. [Cytopathologic features of childhood acute leukemia at the Hospital de Especialidades Pediátricas, Chiapas, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lepe-Zúñiga, José Luis; Jerónimo-López, Francisco Javier; Hernández-Orantes, Jorge Gregorio

    Childhood acute leukemia cytological features are unknown in Chiapas, Mexico. Defining these features is important because this is a relatively isolated population with high consanguinity index, and these aspects could determine differences in responses to treatment and outcome. Eighty-one childhood acute leukemia cases treated at the Hospital de Especialidades Pediátricas in Chiapas were characterized by morphology, immunophenotype, genotype, initial risk assignment and status at the time of the study. The proportion of leukemic cell types found in this study was B cell, 75.3%; myeloid, 16%; T cell, 3.7% and NK 1.2%. In B cell leukemia, genetic alterations were present in 40.6% of cases and had a specific outcome regardless of initial risk assessment. Cases with MLL gene alteration died within a month from diagnosis. Translocations were present in 17.5% B cases; t(1;19) was present in those with a favorable outcome. The t(12;21) translocation was related to initial remission and midterm relapse and dead. Hyperdiploidy was present in 20% of B cell cases with good outcome. In 38.5%of myeloid cases were translocations and karyotypic abnormalities. Short-term outcome in this group has been poor; 69% have died or abandoned treatment in relapse from 15 days to 37 months after diagnosis. Relative frequency of different types of acute leukemia in patients treated at a tertiary level pediatric hospital in Chiapas, Mexico, was similar to the one found in other parts of the country. Patients' outcome, under a standardized treatment, differs according to the group, the subgroup and the presence and type of genetic alterations. Copyright © 2017 Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  9. Cat-rodent Toxoplasma gondii Type II-variant circulation and limited genetic diversity on the Island of Fernando de Noronha, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Jean Carlos Ramos; Ferreira, Fernando; Dias, Ricardo Augusto; Ajzenberg, Daniel; Marvulo, Maria Fernanda Vianna; Magalhães, Fernando Jorge Rodrigues; Filho, Carlos Diógenes Ferreira Lima; Oliveira, Solange; Soares, Herbert Sousa; Feitosa, Thais Ferreira; Aizawa, Juliana; Alves, Leucio Câmara; Mota, Rinaldo Aparecido; Dubey, Jitender Prakask; Gennari, Solange Maria; Pena, Hilda Fátima Jesus

    2017-05-03

    In Brazil, studies on animals and humans in mainland areas have shown that most strains of Toxoplasma gondii are pathogenic to mice and exhibit great genetic variability. In this study, using a set of 11 PCR-RFLP and 15 microsatellite markers, we isolated and genetically characterised T. gondii strains from one cat and three rats on Fernando de Noronha Island. The cat had antibodies to T. gondii, which were revealed using a modified agglutination test (MAT, cut-off 1:25) and the seroprevalence among the 46 rodents was 15.2%. Viable T. gondii was isolated from one cat (TgCatBrFN1), two brown rats (TgRatnoBrFN1 and TgRatnoBrFN2) and one black rat (TgRatraBrFN1). Unlike the strains from mainland Brazil, these isolates were not pathogenic to outbred mice. The genotypes of these strains were compared with strains previously isolated on the island and in mainland Brazil. The analysis based on microsatellite data showed a limited genetic diversity of T. gondii on Fernando de Noronha Island with the majority of strains clustered into the following three groups: type II, III, and Caribbean 1. There was little variation among strains within the same group, suggesting that the majority of strains circulating on Fernando de Noronha are derived from only a few strains that were recently introduced to the island, likely from imported cats. Except for the strain belonging to the Caribbean 1 group that originates from northeast Brazil, there was little evidence that strains from the other groups were introduced to Fernando de Noronha via mainland Brazil.

  10. Fernando Pessoa leitor de Novalis e o problema da heteronímia DOI - 10.5752/P.2358-3428.2012v16n31p53

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    Nuno Ribeiro

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo pretende averiguar as relações entre as leituras que Pessoa fez da obra de Novalis, o escritor e pensador alemão, e a problemática da heteronímia. Com efeito, na Biblioteca Particular de Fernando Pessoa existem inúmeras referências às obras de Novalis. Para além de manuais com alusões ao pensamento desse autor alemão, encontramos ainda, na Biblioteca de Fernando Pessoa, uma tradução francesa de obras de Novalis que reúne Os discípulos em Saïs seguidos de uma selecção de Os fragmentos. Esta tradução francesa do livro de Novalis, que foi sublinhada e anotada por Pessoa, está na origem de inúmeras referências presentes tanto nos escritos publicados em vida por Fernando Pessoa, quanto naqueles que se encontram no seu espólio. Entre esses escritos impulsionados pela leitura de Novalis encontram-se os textos sobre a heteronímia. Assim, partindo de uma periodização e análise da leitura pessoana de Novalis, pretende elucidar-se até que ponto a leitura de Novalis poderá estar na origem das reflexões teóricas de Pessoa sobre a criação dos seus heterónimos.Palavras-chave: Fernando Pessoa. Novalis. Heteronímia. Biblioteca. Particular de Pessoa. Espólio de Pessoa.

  11. 75 FR 38412 - Safety Zone; San Diego POPS Fireworks, San Diego, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; San Diego POPS Fireworks, San Diego, CA... zone on the ] navigable waters of San Diego Bay in support of the San Diego POPS Fireworks. This safety... San Diego POPS Fireworks, which will include fireworks presentations conducted from a barge in San...

  12. Caracterización de agricultores de maíz en el estado de Chiapas, México

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez, Blanca Isabel; Kallas, Zein; Gil Roig, José María

    2015-01-01

    México es uno de los países con mayor producción de maíz en el mundo (22.6 millones de toneladas), el estado de Chiapas cuenta con la mayor superficie sembrada. No obstante, históricamente los agricultores de esta zona se caracterizan por bajos rendimientos (2 tha-1) comparados con la media nacional. Las instituciones públicas se han planteado analizar estrategias y políticas para la adopción de semillas mejoradas que aumenten la eficiencia y producción del cultivo. Esta investigación pretend...

  13. Two Flat-Backed Polydesmidan Millipedes from the Miocene Chiapas-Amber Lagerstätte, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riquelme, Francisco; Hernández-Patricio, Miguel; Martínez-Dávalos, Arnulfo; Rodríguez-Villafuerte, Mercedes; Montejo-Cruz, Maira; Alvarado-Ortega, Jesús; Ruvalcaba-Sil, José L.; Zúñiga-Mijangos, Luis

    2014-01-01

    Two species of fossil polydesmidan millipedes (Diplopoda: Polydesmida) embedded in amber are described from Miocene strata near Simojovel, in the Chiapas Highlands, Mexico. Maatidesmus paachtun gen. et sp. nov., placed into Chelodesmidae Cook, 1895, and Anbarrhacus adamantis gen. et sp. nov., assigned in the family Platyrhacidae Pocock, 1895. Morphological data from fossil specimens have been recovered using 3D X-ray micro-computed tomography and regular to infrared-reflected microscopy. Both fossil species are recognizable as new primarily but not exclusively, by collum margin modification and remarkable paranotal and metatergite dorsal sculpture. PMID:25162220

  14. La castellanización y negación de la lengua materna en la escuela intercultural en Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar Cruz Pérez

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo es producto de una investigación cualitativa sobre el ejercicio del poder en el acto pedagógico en escuelas interculturales bilingües de educación primaria en comunidades indígenas de los municipios de Ocozocoautla y Berriozábal en Chiapas. Es un acercamiento las prácticas pedagógicas a través de un estudio de caso. Los datos empíricos muestran que en el acto pedagógico subyace una concepción conservadora de la sociedad.

  15. La reinvención de una vocación regional agroexportadora. El corredor costero de Chiapas

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    Héctor B. Fletes Ocón

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Desde una perspectiva antropológica, se analizan procesos de producción, representaciones sociales y discursos que en diferentes momentos han otorgado una cualidad agroexportadora al corredor costero de Chiapas, en particular al Soconusco. Se sostiene que la región se construye por un conjunto de representaciones simbólicas que reafirman la identidad y el poder regional. La reinvención de una vocación regional agroexportadora manifiesta la capacidad de los actores sociales locales para responder a diferentes situaciones problemáticas.

  16. Reflexiones sobre problemas de biología reproductiva del mango Ataúlfo en el Soconusco, Chiapas

    OpenAIRE

    Gehrke Vélez, Malc R.

    2013-01-01

    El Soconusco, en el Estado mexicano de Chiapas, es una región de gran potencial agroproductivo. Sin embargo, desde los años 50 del siglo pasado, sus ecosistemas han sido constantemente devastados por tecnologías inapropiadas de producción agropecuaria, lo cual ha afectado negativamente su productividad y muchos de los cultivos que parecían promisorios han quedado descartados por incosteabilidad. Hoy surge una nueva posibilidad de desarrollo sostenible con la plantación de mango “Ataúlfo”, una...

  17. Ecological land management in the oil municipalities of Region V North, Chiapas: limits and perspectives of participatory community workshops

    OpenAIRE

    Omar Rojas García

    2011-01-01

    En este artículo se discute la importancia de los talleres de participación comunitaria, realizados en los municipios petroleros de la Región V Norte de Chiapas, como parte del proceso para obtener una agenda ambiental de dicha región. Se analizan las principales inquietudes de la población, en las que se incluye lo relacionado al cambio de uso del suelo ocasionado por la ganadería y sus impactos al ambiente, así como los relacionados con la actividad petrolera. Asimismo, se discute la falta ...

  18. Ecological land management in the oil municipalities of Region V North, Chiapas: limits and perspectives of participatory community workshops

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Rojas García

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The present article discusses the importance of community participation in workshops conducted in the oil municipalities of Region V North, Chiapas, as part of the process of drawing up an environmental agenda for the region. The main concerns of the population are analysed, including those relating to changes in land use caused by livestock production and their effects on the environment, as well as those related to the oil industry. The article also discusses the lack of action on the part of the various governmental agencies in resolving the social, economic and environmental problems associated with the municipalities; this lack of action can affect the implementation of an environmental proposal.

  19. Presa de San Esteban

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    Equipo Editorial

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available En el número 73 de esta revista se publicó un artículo, que trataba sobre los aprovechamientos hidroeléctricos de la cuenca del río Sil. En este trabajo se hace referencia, únicamente, a la importante presa de San Esteban, obra que, por so altura de salto, caudales disponibles y embalse, es la de mayor producción de las de la referida cuenca. Su proyección en planta e« circular, tipo gravedad, de 115 m de altura, y su embalse, de 213 millones de metros cúbicos.

  20. La sacralización del rey. Fernando VII, la insurgencia novohispana y el derecho divino de los reyes

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    Landavazo, Marco Antonio

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes what the author called the «process of sacralization» of King Ferdinand VII’s image in New Spain, and its political and ideological consequences in the Mexican Independence War. The people’s believes, values and attitudes towards the Monarchy were an essential part of the local political culture. These played a decisive role in the course of political and social events of the period.

    En este artículo se describe y analiza lo que he llamado el proceso de sacralización de la figura del rey Fernando VII en Nueva España y las implicaciones políticas e ideológicas que ello tuvo en el curso de la guerra de independencia mexicana, como una forma de mostrar que las creencias, los valores y las actitudes que los novohispanos poseían en torno a la institución monárquica jugaban un papel fundamental en la definición de la cultura política de la época, y condicionaron de hecho, en buena medida, el curso de los acontecimientos más relevantes del periodo.

  1. Modernización conservadora y democracia en Brasil. Las elecciones de Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1994-1998

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    Alfredo Alejandro Gugliano

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde el primer periodo en que se elije a Fernando H. Cardoso como presidente de Brasil, en 1994, las fuerzas políticas conservadoras apostaron por la mediatización de la voluntad reformista de la sociedad brasileña, a través del perfil renovador del antiguo sociólogo de la dependencia. Así, el pacto social y los consensos se orientaron al servicio de las élites económicas, quienes suponían en riesgo la gobernabilidad del país, después del ascenso de Luis Inácio Lula da Silva entre las preferencias de los electores. En 1998, el argumento de la gobernabilidad conservadora cobró renovada importancia en la reelección del presidente Cardoso, aunque ahora a causa de la reciente crisis finaciera y bursátil, cuyo manejo se atribuyeron las mismas élites que proyectan la modernización conservadora de Brasil.

  2. El tambor blanqueado o la cubanidad musical, en Fernando Ortíz, como vanguardia de las resistencias transculturales

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    José Antonio González Alcantud

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El etnólogo cubano Fernando Ortíz acuñó en los años treinta el concepto de transculturalidad para definir la realidad cultural y musical nueva que la identidad cubana le imponía. Este concepto partía de la conjunción de lo blanco y lo negro, con exclusión de lo indoantillano definitivamente desaparecido para él. En el análisis general del concepto, la música diabólica del tambor africano y su aceptación final por la música nacional cubana ocupa un lugar relevante. Una vez trazada la nueva realidad conceptual a Ortíz le sale un seguidor de calidad, el antropólogo Malinowski, que alza la transculturalidad como bandera de combate frente a la aculturación. Hoy día el término transculturalidad forma parte del discurso de la poscolonialidad, pero tiene una virtud frente a otros, como culturas híbridas: que no ha perdido en nombre de la globalización sus referentes locales.

  3. El desbarrancadero de Fernando Vallejo. Des/integración y cuidado en el cuerpo/corpus seropositivo latinoamericano

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    Diego Falconí Trávez

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available In the following article, through Fernando Vallejo’s novel El desbarrancadero, I will reflect on the Latin American seropositive bodies; specifically the ones that experienced the disease at the end of the past century. In order to this I will analyze two concepts. First, the neologism des/integration, as a contemporary strategy to understand the body living with the disease, that seeks to find new forms of meaning and agency. And second, the concept of “caring for oneself”, which I intend to apply in the literary terrain, through self-writings (and readings, that enable innovative models of bioethical action to be applied with the purpose of understanding new and productive historicities for the Latin American region.

  4. Fernando vallejo: y la clausura ciudadanía estética de la literatura mundial

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    Brantley Nicholson

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo encara deliberaciones actuales sobre la literatura global, desde la perspectiva de la novela urbana colombiana del siglo XX. Explorando la tensión entre las historias de las narrativas globales y locales, el autor examina hasta qué punto se puede defender que la literatura global y sus apéndices socioculturales se prestan a proyectos emancipatorios, y hasta qué punto esos apéndices simplifican en exceso los espacios de producción literaria densa. Ubicando la Weltliteratur de Goethe en el contexto de una Colombia estéticamente globalizada, e invocando la relación particularmente espinosa entre Fernando Vallejo y Gabriel García Márquez como caso de estudio, este artículo avanza que las casas editoriales internacionales y las culturas de la crítica crean una ciudadanía estética limitante que sigue siendo dominada por las decisiones de mercadeo de las grandes casas editoriales y el gusto de los públicos lectores, muy alejados del contexto de los bestsellers “periféricos”.

  5. O Cadáver, um emblema da morte em “Ápeiron”, de Caio Fernando Abreu

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    André Luiz Gomes de Jesus

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present article is to investigate the procedures used by Caio Fernando Abreu to construct the representations of death in his work. For this, I take, here, the short-story “Apeiron”, published in the book Inventário do irremediável (1970. In this text, the reflection about death as well as the dissociation process connected to it is triggered by the representation of the mental states of a corpse, a kind of allegorical emblem of the human finitude, since this can be seen as the personification of death. Moreover, the emblematic nature of the dead body also refers to the emptiness of the human life. The short-story establishes an ambiguity, especially because the discursive choice (indirect and free indirect discourse does not allow the reader to relate the ideas presented in the text directly s to the corpse-protagonist or to the narrator, leading him to question if the text is the product of the narrator’s imagination or the unusual maintenance of the dead man’s mental life. Whether the text can be seen as the imagination about death or experience of death, “Apeiron” shows, through the death process,  that Abreu  reflects  on  the sense of the existence. 

  6. MONUMENTOS ARQUEOLÓGICOS DEL ÁREA DE GUAQUITEPEC-SITALÁ, CHIAPAS, MÉXICO: DATOS DISPONIBLES Y NUEVAS INTERPRETACIONES (Archaeological Monuments of the Guaquitepec-Sitalá Area, Chiapas, Mexico: Available Data and New Interpretations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Sheseña

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo está dedicado al estudio de un grupo de monumentos arqueológicos localizados en la región de Guaquitepec y Sitalá, en el norte de Chiapas, México, una región poco socorrida por los estudiosos de la cultura maya. Se propone, a la luz de los conocimientos con los que actualmente se cuenta sobre la historia de los antiguos mayas, que dichos monumentos son evidencia de la existencia de una importante confluencia de rutas de comunicación en este lugar, ampliamente usada en la antigüedad por las entidades políticas circunvecinas. ENGLISH: This article is devoted to the study of a group of archaeological monuments located in the region around Guaquitepec and Sitalá in the north of Chiapas, Mexico, a region little served by scholars of Maya culture. In light of current research available on the history of the ancient Maya in the region, this article proposes that these monuments are evidence of an important confluence of communication routes that were widely used in antiquity by the surrounding political entities.

  7. Woody plant diversity and structure of shade-grown-coffee plantations in Northern Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Soto-Pinto

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Shade-grown coffee is an agricultural system that contains some forest-like characteristics. However, structure and diversity are poorly known in shade coffee systems. In 61 coffee-growers’ plots of Chiapas, Mexico, structural variables of shade vegetation and coffee yields were measured, recording species and their use. Coffee stands had five vegetation strata. Seventy seven woody species mostly used as wood were found (mean density 371.4 trees per hectare. Ninety percent were native species (40% of the local flora, the remaining were introduced species, mainly fruit trees/shrubs. Diametric distribution resembles that of a secondary forest. Principal Coordinates Analysis grouped plots in four classes by the presence of Inga, however the majority of plots are diverse. There was no difference in equitability among groups or coffee yields. Coffee yield was 835 g clean coffee per shrub, or ca. 1668 kg ha-1. There is a significant role of shade-grown coffee as diversity refuge for woody plants and presumably associated fauna, as well as an opportunity for shade-coffee growers to participate in the new biodiversity-friendly-coffee marketEl café bajo sombra es un sistema agrícola que contiene algunas características de los bosques. Sin embargo, las características estructurales y de diversidad de la sombra del café son poco conocidas. En 61 parcelas de productores del norte de Chiapas, Mexico, se midieron variables estructurales de la vegetación de sombra y los rendimientos de café, registrando las especies y sus usos. Los cafetales presentaron cinco estratos de vegetación. Se encontraron 77 especies leñosas, la mayoría de uso maderable (densidad promedio de 371.4 árboles por hectárea. Noventa por ciento fueron especies nativas (40% de la flora local, el porcentaje restante fueron especies introducidas, principalmente árboles o arbustos frutales. La distribución diamétrica se asemeja a la distribución típica de bosques secundarios

  8. Effectiveness of protected areas in mitigating fire within their boundaries: case study of Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Román-Cuesta, María Rosa; Martínez-Vilalta, Jordi

    2006-08-01

    Since the severe 1982-1983 El Niño drought, recurrent burning has been reported inside tropical protected areas (TPAs). Despite the key role of fire in habitat degradation, little is known about the effectiveness of TPAs in mitigating fire incidence and burned areas. We used a GPS fire database (1995-2005) (n=3590 forest fires) obtained from the National Forest Commission to compare fire incidence (number of fires) and burned areas inside TPAs and their surrounding adjacent buffer areas in Southern Mexico (Chiapas). Burned areas inside parks ranged from 2% (Palenque) to 45% (Lagunas de Montebello) of a park's area, and the amount burned was influenced by two severe El Niño events (1998 and 2003). These two years together resulted in 67% and 46% of the total area burned in TPAs and buffers, respectively during the period under analysis. Larger burned areas in TPAs than in their buffers were exclusively related to the extent of natural habitats (flammable area excluding agrarian and pasture lands). Higher fuel loads together with access and extinction difficulties were likely behind this trend. A higher incidence of fire in TPAs than in their buffers was exclusively related to anthropogenic factors such as higher road densities and agrarian extensions. Our results suggest that TPAs are failing to mitigate fire impacts, with both fire incidence and total burned areas being significantly higher in the reserves than in adjacent buffer areas. Management plans should consider those factors that facilitate fires in TPAs: anthropogenic origin of fires, sensitivity of TPAs to El Niñio-droughts, large fuel loads and fuel continuity inside parks, and limited financial resources. Consideration of these factors favors lines of action such as alternatives to the use of fire (e.g., mucuna-maize system), climatic prediction to follow the evolution of El Niño, fuel management strategies that favor extinction practices, and the strengthening of local communities and ecotourism.

  9. Emissions of PAHs derived from sugarcane burning and processing in Chiapas and Morelos México.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mugica-Alvarez, Violeta; Santiago-de la Rosa, Naxieli; Figueroa-Lara, Jesús; Flores-Rodríguez, Julio; Torres-Rodríguez, Miguel; Magaña-Reyes, Miguel

    2015-09-15

    Sugarcane burning is an agricultural practice implemented to ease farm worker duties; nevertheless, as a consequence, tons of particles are emitted to the atmosphere. Additionally, during harvesting the sugar-mills operate the whole day emitting hundreds of tons of pollutants. Therefore, health risks to neighboring population should be a major governmental concern, leading first to identification and quantification of toxic compounds, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In order to establish the magnitude of the problem, four sampling campaigns of PM10 and PM2.5 were carried out in this study, during harvesting and no-harvesting seasons in two municipalities of México, with different climatic and social conditions. Concentrations of PM10, PM2.5, and organic compounds were determined daily, followed by extraction, identification and quantification of the 17 EPA-established PAHs from all samples. The results showed that during harvest, the PM10 mass increased lightly in Chiapas, but approximately twice in Morelos, whereas total PAH concentrations increased twice and six times, respectively. The most abundant PAHs, namely: indene [1,2,3cd] pyrene, benzo[b]fluoranthene, benzo[a]pyrene and dibenzo [a,h] anthracene are composed of 5 or more aromatic rings. Of the total PAHs quantified, 44% to 52% corresponded to carcinogenic compounds, consequently, the overall carcinogenic potential increased twice or three times. Principal component analysis with varimax rotation was applied to source apportionment at each site, suggesting three different sources during harvesting: the combustion process in the sugar mill, sugarcane burning and vehicular emissions. The combustion markers for sugar mill are, BAA, BBF, BKF, BAP, IND and BGP, whereas for sugarcane burning were ANT, PHE, FLT and PYR. The results obtained indicate that processing and burning sugarcane are the main sources of the PAH levels measured, proving that the health risks are boosted during harvesting

  10. A Quantitative Method to Estimate Vulnerability. Case Study: Motozintla de Mendoza, Chiapas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, F.; Novelo-Casanova, D. A.

    2011-12-01

    The community of Motozintla de Mendoza is located in the State of Chiapas, México (15' 22' N and 92' 15' W) near to the international border with Guatemala. Due to its location, this community is continuously exposed to many different hazards. Motozintla has a population of 20,000 inhabitants. This community suffered the impact of had two disasters recently. In view of these scenarios we carried out the present research with the objective quantifying the vulnerability of this community. We prepared a tool that allow us to document the physical vulnerability conducting interviews with people in risk situation. Our tool included the analysis of five elements: household structure and public services, socioeconomic characteristics, community preparation for facing a disaster situation, and risk perception of the inhabitants using a sample statistically significant. Three field works were carried out (October and November 2009, and October 2010) and 444 interviews were registered. Five levels of vulnerability were considered: very high, high, middle, moderate and low. Our region of study was classified spatially and the different estimated levels of vulnerability were located in geo referenced on maps. Our results indicate that the locality has a high level of physical vulnerability because about 74% of the population reports that their household had suffered damages in the past; 86% of the households present low resistance building materials; 70% of the interviewed families has a daily income under five to fifteen dollars; 66% of population does not know any existing Civil Protection Plan; 83% of the population considers that they live in a high level of risk due to floods; finally, the community organization is practically nonexistent. In conclusion, the level of vulnerability of Motozintla is high due to the many factors to which is exposed, in addition, to the structural, socioeconomic and cultural characteristics of their inhabitants. Evidently, those elements of

  11. Caracterización del sistema agrosilvopastoril en la Depresión Central de Chiapas

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    N. Ramírez-Marcial

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A través de talleres participativos, se analizó la importancia de algunos árboles para el manejo de los sistemas productivos en una comunidad zoque, del municipio de Ocozocuautla de Espinosa, Chiapas (México. En cinco unidades de producción se establecieron al azar tres parcelas concéntricas de 10, 100 y 1,000 m2, para cuantificar, respectivamente, el número de plántulas (individuos menores de un m de altura, juveniles (individuos 10 cm DAP. De 59 especies de árboles presentes en la localidad, se identificaron 28 de ellas en los sistemas silvopastoriles y hasta ocho tipos de uso, siendo la leña el más importante y Acacia pennatula la especie más utilizada. La densidad de plántulas en los potreros fue de 1.05 ± 0.45 ind/m2, la de juveniles (333 ± 11 ind/ha y la de árboles adultos (71 ±6 ind/ha. Para la alimentación del ganado se promueven varios zacates, siendo el brizantha (Brachiaria brizantha el más extendido (92%. En función de la disponibilidad de forraje, los productores permiten el acceso del ganado a áreas arboladas de donde, además, extraen leña, madera y abono. La mayor dominancia de A. pennatula en los potreros se explica por la dispersión del ganado de las semillas de esta especie que, al ser colonizadora de hábitats abiertos, puede establecerse con relativa facilidad y con la menor inversión de mano de obra y en condiciones de baja presión de pastoreo, lo cual acelera el proceso de regeneración del bosque tropical caducifolio.

  12. Heavy metals in wet method coffee processing wastewater in Soconusco, Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siu, Y; Mejia, G; Mejia-Saavedra, J; Pohlan, J; Sokolov, M

    2007-05-01

    One of the driving forces of the economy in southeast Mexico is agriculture. In Soconusco, Chiapas, coffee is one of the main agricultural products and is traded on the international market. Coffee grown in this region is processed using the wet method in order to be commercialized as green coffee. In the beneficio (coffee processing plant) water is an essential resource which is required in great quantities (Matuk et al., 1997; Sokolov, 2002) as it is used to separate good coffee berries from defective ones, as a method of transporting the coffee berries to the processing machinery, in the elimination of the berry husk from the coffee grains (pulping) and finally in the post-fermentation washing process. This process gives rise to one of the smoothest, high-quality coffees available (Zuluaga, 1989; Herrera, 2002). Currently, many producers in Soconusco are opting for ecological coffee production, which has, among its many criteria, human health and environmental protection (Pohlan, 2005). Furthermore, increasing concern during the past few years regarding the production of food that is free from contaminants such as heavy metals, and recent environmental policies in relation to aquatic ecosystem protection, have given rise to questions concerning the quality of water used in coffee processing, as well as pollutants produced by this agroindustry. Water used in the coffee processing plants originates from the main regional rivers whose hydrological basins stretch from the Sierra Madre mountain range down to the coastal plain. As well as providing water, these rivers also receive the wastewater produced during coffee processing (Sokolov, 2002).

  13. Field response of Dendroctonus frontalis (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) to synthetic semiochemicals in Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno, Benjamín; Macías, Jorge; Sullivan, Brian T; Clarke, Stephen R

    2008-12-01

    Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmermann (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) is the most serious pest of pines (Pinus spp.) in Mexico. Conspecifics are attracted to trees undergoing colonization by the aggregation pheromone frontalin, which is synergized by odors of pine oleoresin released from beetle-damaged host tissue. Synthetic racemic frontalin combined with turpentine has been the operational bait used in traps for monitoring populations of D. frontalis in Mexico as well as the United States. Recently, racemic endo-brevicomin has been reported to be a synergist of the frontalin/turpentine bait and as an important component of the aggregation pheromone for D. frontalis populations in the United States. To determine whether racemic endo-brevicomin also might function as an aggregation synergist for the geographically isolated D. frontalis populations of Central America and Mexico, we performed a field trapping trial in Lagunas de Montebello National Park, Chiapas, Mexico, during July and August 2007. The combination of endo-brevicomin (placed either directly on the trap or 4 m away) plus racemic frontalin and turpentine caught at least 5 times more D. frontalis of both sexes than did turpentine either alone or in combination with either frontalin or endo-brevicomin. The addition of endo-brevicomin to the frontalin/turpentine bait also increased the proportion of females trapped. We conclude that the addition of endo-brevicomin might substantially improve the efficiency of the frontalin/turpentine bait for monitoring of D. frontalis in Central America and Mexico. We discuss factors that reconcile our results with previous studies that reported endo-brevicomin to be an attractant antagonist for populations of D. frontalis in Mexico and Honduras.

  14. Genetic Diversity in Jatropha curcas Populations in the State of Chiapas, Mexico

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    Miguel Salvador-Figueroa

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Jatropha curcas L. has become an important source of oil production for biodiesel fuel. Most genetic studies of this plant have been conducted with Asian and African accessions, where low diversity was encountered. There are no studies of this kind focusing in the postulated region of origin. Therefore, five populations of J. curcas were studied in the state of Chiapas, Mexico, using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP markers. One hundred and fifty-two useful markers were obtained: overall polymorphism = 81.18% and overall Nei’s genetic diversity (He = 0.192. The most diverse population was the Border population [He: 0.245, Shanon’s information index (I: 0.378]. A cluster analysis revealed the highest dissimilarity coefficient (0.893 yet to be reported among accessions. An analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA revealed that the greatest variation is within populations (87.8%, followed by the variation among populations (7.88%. The PhiST value (0.121 indicated moderate differentiation between populations. However, a spatial AMOVA (SAMOVA detected a stronger genetic structure of populations, with a PhiST value of 0.176. To understand the fine structure of populations, an analysis of data with Bayesian statistics was conducted with software Structure©. The number of genetic populations (K was five, with mixed ancestry in most individuals (genetic migrants, except in the Soconusco, where there was a tiny fraction of fragments from other populations. In contrast, SAMOVA grouped populations in four units. To corroborate the above findings, we searched for possible genetic barriers, determining as the main barrier that separating the Border from the rest of the populations. The results are discussed based on the possible ancestry of populations.

  15. Los Angeles og San Francisco

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørstrup, Finn Rude

    1998-01-01

    Kompendium udarbejdet til en studierejse til Los Angeles og San Francisco april-maj 1998 Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole, Institut 3H......Kompendium udarbejdet til en studierejse til Los Angeles og San Francisco april-maj 1998 Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole, Institut 3H...

  16. La importancia de Palenque, Chiapas, para la conservación de los murciélagos de México The importance of Palenque, Chiapas, for the conservation of Mexican bats

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    Luis Gerardo Avila-Torresagatón

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available La fauna de murciélagos de Chiapas, una de las más estudiadas del país, representa cerca del 77% de las especies registradas para México. Sin embargo, se ha prestado poca atención a los murciélagos de la región selva-norte, área convergente entre la Planicie del Golfo, la Sierra Chiapaneca y la porción más norteña de la Selva Lacandona. Con el objetivo de complementar el listado de las especies de la Región Selva Norte, entre febrero de 2008 y mayo de 2010 se capturaron murciélagos en 130 sitios mediante redes de niebla en Palenque, Chiapas. Los muestreos se realizaron en el continuo de vegetación del Parque Nacional Palenque (PNP y en fragmentos aislados de vegetación en diferente grado de sucesión, así como en cercas vivas, corredores riparios y pastizales inducidos, localizados desde 1 hasta 14 kilómetros al norte del Parque. Con un esfuerzo de muestreo de 432 m-red/noche, en 130 noches se registraron 52 especies de murciélagos; 10 catalogadas como especies hábitat-dependientes, 26 vulnerables a la fragmentación y 16 tolerables a la fragmentación. Entre las especies registradas se encuentran Noctilio leporinus, Mimon crenulatum, Chiroderma salvini, Myotis californicus, M. elegans, Rhogeessa tumida, Molosus rufus y M. sinaloae que no se habían registrado previamente en la zona. Los resultados de este trabajo muestran que la diversidad de murciélagos encontrada en Palenque representa el 42% de la fauna de quirópteros mexicanos, por lo que el PNP y su periferia deben considerarse como área focal para la conservación de este grupo de mamíferos.The bat fauna of Chiapas, is one of the most studied of Mexico, and representing about 77% of the bat species reported to the country. Although, low attention have received the bats from the Selva-Norte region (located in the Plains of the Gulf of Mexico, the Chiapas Mountains and the northern portion of Lacandona. With the objective of obtain a comprehensive list of the bat

  17. Transición sociodemográfica y transformaciones de la familia rural en Chiapas: aproximaciones para el estudio sobre su diversidad

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    Jorge Ignacio Angulo Barredo

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article presents and analyzes evidence on the demographic behavior of rural families in Chiapas and its current trends as well as on the environmental conditions in which such behavior has developed in recent years. It also proposes a discussion of both the notion and perspectives of sociodemographic transition, surveys the debates about change and continuity.

  18. Epidemiological modeling and risk analysis of Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis in the human population of Coastal Chiapas, Mexico in 2007-2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Analysis of 101 febrile illness patients sero positive for Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEEV) was carried out in a retrospective study along 18 municipalities and endemic VEEV pacific coastal regions of the State of Chiapas in southern Mexico. Geographic information systems (GIS), satellite imag...

  19. The New Emerging Adult in Chiapas, Mexico: Perceptions of Traditional Values and Value Change among First-Generation Maya University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manago, Adriana M.

    2012-01-01

    Social changes in indigenous Maya communities in Chiapas, Mexico toward increasing levels of formal education, commercialization, and urbanization are transforming traditional Maya developmental pathways toward adulthood. This mixed-methods study is based on interviews with a sample of 14 first-generation Maya university students who have also…

  20. TRANSFERS BETWEEN GENERATIONS AND GENDERS. THE CASE OF DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2 IN A POOR URBAN CONTEXT OF CHIAPAS, MEXICO

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    Emma Zapata-Martelo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The transfer between generations of populations with diabetes mellitus type 2, play an important role in adherence to the treatment or disease control. The objective of the present study is to identify the magnitude, characteristics and reasons of the intergenerational transfers, and their effect on the absence of medical control from those who have diabetes mellitus type 2. The present study is inserted into the project: prevalence of chronic diseases in Chiapas. Epidemiology, social barriers and attention needs in the adult population (ECPA, in the city of Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas; the information was obtained from September 2005 to April 2006. For purposes of the present study were considered people of 40 years and older with diabetes mellitus type 2 previously diagnosed, resulting in the selection of 125 people with those characteristics: 43 men and 82 women. The results showed that approximately 90% of the people received any type of economical or emotional transfer, there is greater support from children to mothers, and the reasons for transfers were mainly voluntary. The effect of emotional support in women it’s greater than in men in the adherence to treatment and disease control.

  1. Chiapas: ¿revolución, guerrilla, movimiento indio o reclamación de democracia, justicia y libertad?

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    Pedro PÉREZ HERRERO

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El artículo demuestra que los asuntos de Chiapas no son: a la causa de todos los males de México; b un problema anacrónico, heredado del pasado (ausencia de mestizaje; c un movimiento indio; d un levantamiento contra la modernidad; o d una agitación que trate de imitar la revolución de 1910; sino que representan un ejemplo dramático de la complejidad de sus tensiones internas, un hecho actual que nos descubre las contradicciones del modelo de desarrollo, del sistema político y del Estado- Nación.ABSTRACT: This article demonstrates that Chiapas affaires are not: a the cause of all the evils in Mexico; b an anachronistic problem inherited from the past (lack of half-breeding; c an indian movement; d a revolt against modernity; or e an agitation that tries to imitate the 1910 revolution; but that represent a dramatic example of the complexity of their internal tensions, a present affaire that shows us the contradictions of the development model, the political system and the State-Nation.

  2. Biografia e sua escrita: a trajetória política de Fernando do Ó (1930-1940 = Biography and it’s writing: the political path of Fernando Ó (1930-1940

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    Mattos, Renan Santos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A trajetória de Fernando Souza do Ó, importante liderança espírita da cidade de Santa Maria no processo de organização do movimento espírita local, ao assumir a função de “propagador” da doutrina no município no contexto de 1930 a 1940, permite evidenciar os conflitos e concorrências existentes no campo religioso na Cidade de Santa Maria. Nesse sentido, em nosso estudo, partimos da preocupação de como suas ideias representaram uma estratégia de inserção para o movimento espírita na cidade de Santa Maria, e para tanto, recorremos ao conjunto de escritos do autor veiculados na imprensa leiga (Diário do Interior. Nessa lógica, o presente artigo propõe-se a discutir, tendo por referência conceitos de Campo religioso de Pierre Bourdieu e representações de Roger Chartier, questões de trajetória e biografia do personagem, de modo a refletir sobre as dificuldades empíricas acerca da produção de conhecimento histórico a partir do indivíduo. Assim, busca-se evidenciar de que forma as escolhas individuais, os projetos e lutas politicas que permitem a observação de processos, relações no fluxo temporal, trazendo o sujeito na sua historicidade, a sua compreensão de si e do mundo, possibilitando a inferência do movimento espírita em sua dimensão holística ao trazer à tona o conjunto de práticas e ideias presentes no seu interior de modo relacional ao contexto político em que se insere.

  3. Estrategia educativa para incrementar el cumplimiento del régimen antituberculoso en Chiapas, México

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    Guadalupe del Carmen Álvarez Gordillo

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Aplicar un plan de capacitación para médicos y pacientes y evaluar su eficacia en términos del cumplimiento por parte de los pacientes del tratamiento contra la tuberculosis pulmonar en la región fronteriza de Chiapas, México. MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio de intervención controlado en pacientes mayores de 15 años con tuberculosis pulmonar diagnosticada por baciloscopia entre el 1 de febrero de 2001 y el 31 de enero de 2002 en unidades de salud seleccionadas al azar en la región fronteriza de Chiapas, México. La muestra estuvo formada por pacientes que acudieron por demanda de consulta en ese período a 23 y 25 unidades de salud para cada uno de los grupos en estudio: intervención y control, respectivamente. En el grupo de intervención se aplicó un plan de capacitación para el personal de salud en el que se abordaron los aspectos sociales, culturales y económicos de la tuberculosis; las bases teóricas y prácticas del diagnóstico y el tratamiento de la enfermedad y la formación de grupos de autoayuda. También se formaron grupos de autoayuda para todos los pacientes que acudieron a las 23 unidades del grupo de intervención. A todos los pacientes se les administró un régimen terapéutico abreviado con isoniacida, rifampicina, pirazinamida y etambutol durante 25 semanas, hasta completar 105 dosis. El seguimiento de los pacientes se extendió hasta el mes de diciembre de 2003. Los grupos de intervención y control se compararon mediante la prueba de la ji al cuadrado y se empleó la prueba de la t de Student para comparar las medias. Se calculó el riesgo relativo (RR de no cumplir y sus intervalos de confianza de 95% (IC95%. RESULTADOS: En la investigación participaron 87 pacientes: 44 en el grupo sometido a intervención y 43 en el grupo de control. El cumplimiento del tratamiento fue significativamente mayor en el grupo que recibió la intervención que en el grupo que sirvió de control (97,7% frente a 81

  4. Taxonomia e distribuição do gênero Caulerpa Lamouroux (Bryopsidales - Chlorophyta na costa de Pernambuco e Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, Brasil Taxonomy and distribution of the genus Caulerpa Lamouroux (Bryopsidales - Chlorophyta on the coast of Pernambuco State and Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suellen Brayner

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho identifica e fornece a distribuição do gênero Caulerpa na costa de Pernambuco (07º30' S e 09º00' W e no Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha (03º51' S e 32º25' W. As coletas foram realizadas em 32 praias da costa de Pernambuco no período entre abril/2004 a novembro/2005, na região entre-marés. Em Fernando de Noronha as coletas foram feitas em junho/2006, na região entre marés e no infralitoral (10, 15 e 21 m de profundidade, em oito praias. Foram, também, analisadas as exsicatas de Caulerpa depositadas no Herbário Professor Vasconcelos Sobrinho (PEUFR da Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco. Os resultados mostram que o gênero Caulerpa está representado na costa de Pernambuco, por 19 táxons infragenéricos. Algumas espécies apresentaram distribuição restrita como C. kempfii Joly & Pereira, C. lanuginosa J. Agardh e C. serrulata (Forssk. J. Agardh. Para o Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha foram registrados três táxons infragenéricos.This paper analyzes the taxonomy and distribution of the genus Caulerpa on the coast of Pernambuco (07º30'S; 09º00'W and in the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago (03º51'S; 32º25'W. Sampling was carried out on the coast of Pernambuco from April/2004 to November/2005, in the intertidal zone of 32 beaches. On Fernando de Noronha collections were made in June/2006 in the intertidal and infralittoral (10, 15 and 21m depth regions of eight beaches. Exsiccata of Caulerpa from the Professor Vasconcelos Sobrinho Herbarium (PEUFR were also examined. The results showed that the genus Caulerpa is represented on the coast of Pernambuco state by 19 infrageneric taxa. Some species had restricted distributions such as C. kempfii Joly & Pereira, C. lanuginosa J. Agardh and C. serrulata (Forssk. J. Agardh. Three infrageneric taxa were registered for the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago.

  5. San Isidoro Schools in Padul, Granada, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafuente-Bolívar, Francisco Javier; Santiago Zaragoza, Juan Manuel; Fernández-Adarve, Gabriel; María Cruz-Valdivieso, Ana

    2017-10-01

    The small and unique building of “Las Escuelas de San Isidoro”, erected in Padul at the beginning of the 20th century, is a clear example of the new architectural type of the innovative educational model created in Granada by Father Manjón. That model supposed a radical change for the methods of the Spanish teaching and it was the origin of the current educational system. Andrés Manjón y Manjón (1846-1923), priest, jurist and pedagogue, broke with traditional pedagogy and revolutionized the old-fashion model of education that was in vogue until that moment and universalized and socialized education. That pioneer model promoted an education based on aptitudes and faculties, using games and practice, addressed to all ages and social classes, in conjunction with nature. Outdoor education should be used wherever possible. In a historical context of profound social changes, this typology was the answer to the new educational needs using a “spearing” architectural language based on a constructive system that was both efficient and economic: Spanish Regionalism. It was a new style from the first third of the 20th century that recreated historical forms. It was far from the breakthrough modern movement that, at that time, it took place in central Europe. However, the model of the Manjonian School runs away from historicist models and remains in the simplicity of brick-faced walls or brick-wrapping walls and masonry drawers, with no more decorative concession that window lintels, jambs and sill jut out. The façades highlight made with simple semicircular arches and some glazed ceramics. Wooden rounded slabs supported on walls and simple wooden cover structures. The steel was barely used in metal structural slabs and brick, and even less on the roof. Architects like Francisco Jiménez Arévalo, Juan Montserrat Pons or Fernando Wilhelmi Manzano will be the architects of this type of architecture that has as a mark of identity the massive use of brick in load

  6. Opportunities for involving men and families in chronic disease management: a qualitative study from Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fort, Meredith P; Castro, Maricruz; Peña, Liz; López Hernández, Sergio Hernán; Arreola Camacho, Gabriel; Ramírez-Zea, Manuel; Martínez, Homero

    2015-10-05

    A healthy lifestyle intervention was implemented in primary care health centers in urban parts of Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas, Mexico with an aim of reducing cardiovascular disease risk for patients with type 2 diabetes and/or hypertension. During implementation, research questions emerged. Considerably fewer men participated in the intervention than women, and an opportunity was identified to increase the reach of activities aimed at improving disease self-management through strategies involving family members. A qualitative study was conducted to identify strategies to involve men and engage family members in disease management and risk reduction. Nine men with hypertension and/or type 2 diabetes with limited to no participation in disease self-management and health promotion activities, six families in which at least one family member had a diagnosis of one or both conditions, and nine health care providers from four different government health centers were recruited for the study. Participants took part in semi-structured interviews. During interviews with families, genograms and eco-maps were used to diagram family composition and structure, and capture the nature of patients' relationships to the extended family and community resources. Transcripts were coded and a general inductive analytic approach was used to identify themes related to men's limited participation in health promotion activities, family support and barriers to disease management, and health care providers' recommendations. Participants reported barriers to men's participation in chronic disease management and healthy lifestyle education activities that can be grouped into two categories: internal and external factors. Internal factors are those for which they are able to make the decision on their own and external factors are those that are not related solely to their decision to take part or not. Four primary aspects were identified related to families' relationships with disease: different

  7. Cultural significance of wild mammals in Mayan and mestizo communities of the Lacandon Rainforest, Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Del Valle, Yasminda; Naranjo, Eduardo J; Caballero, Javier; Martorell, Carlos; Ruan-Soto, Felipe; Enríquez, Paula L

    2015-05-07

    Several ethnobiology studies evaluate the cultural significance (CS) of plants and mushrooms. However, this is not the case for mammals. It is important to make studies of CS allowing the comparison of cultural groups because the value given to groups of organisms may be based on different criteria. Such information would be valuable for wildlife preservation plans. In this study, the most culturally significant species of mammals from the Lacandon Rainforest (Chiapas, Mexico) for people from two Mayan-Lacandon and mestizo communities were identified. The reasons behind the CS of the studied species were explored and the existence of differences among the cultural groups was evaluated. One hundred ninety-eight semi-structured and structured interviews were applied to compile socio-demographic information, qualitative data on CS categories, and free listings. Frequency of mention was a relative indicator to evaluate the CS of each species of mammal. Comparison of responses between communities was carried out through multivariate analyses. The non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the number of mentioned species by Lacandons and mestizos as well as different responses in the qualitative categories. A χ2 test was used to compare frequency of categories. 38 wild mammal species were identified. The classification and Principal Components Analyses show an apparent separation between Lacandon and mestizo sites based on the relative importance of species. All four communities mentioned the lowland paca the most, followed by peccary, white-tailed deer, armadillo, and jaguar. No significant difference was found in the number of mentioned species between the two groups. Eight CS categories were identified. The most important category was "harmful mammals", which included 28 species. Other relevant categories were edible, medicinal, and appearing in narratives. The data obtained in this study demonstrates the existence of differential cultural patterns in the

  8. Sedimentation in Rio La Venta Canyon in Netzahualcoyotl Reservoir, Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    de La Fuente, J. A.; Lisle, T.; Velasquez, J.; Allison, B. L.; Miller, A.

    2002-12-01

    Sedimentation of Rio La Venta as it enters the Netzahualcoyotl Reservoir in Chiapas, Mexico, threatens a unique part of the aquatic ecosystem. Rio La Venta enters the reservoir via a narrow canyon about 16 km long with spectacular, near-vertical limestone bluffs up to 320 m high and inhabited by the flora and fauna of a pristine tropical forest. Karst terrain underlies most of the Rio La Venta basin in the vicinity of the reservoir, while deeply weathered granitic terrain underlies the Rio Negro basin, and the headwaters of the Rio La Venta to the south. The Rio Negro joins Rio La Venta 3 km downstream of the upper limit of the reservoir and delivers the bulk of the total clastic sediment (mostly sand and finer material). The canyon and much of the contributing basin lie within the Reserva de la Biosfera, Selva El Ocote, administered by the Comision Nacional de Areas Naturales Protegidas, part of the Secretaria de Medioambiente y Recursos Naturales. The Klamath National Forest Forest has cooperated with its Mexican counterparts since 1993 in natural resource management, neo-tropical bird inventories, wildfire management, and more recently in watershed analyses. Rates of sedimentation are estimated from bathymetric surveys conducted in March, 2002. A longitudinal profile down the inundated canyon during a high reservoir level shows an inflection from a slope of 0.0017 to one of 0.0075 at 7.2 km downstream of the mouth of Rio Negro. The bed elevation at this point corresponds to the lowest reservoir level, suggesting that the gentler sloping bed upstream is formed by fluvial processes during drawdown and that downstream by pluvial processes. Using accounts that boats could access Rio Negro during low water levels in 1984, we estimate an annual sedimentation rate of roughly 3 million cubic meters per year. This suggests that boats might no longer be able to access the most spectacular section of canyon upstream of Rio Negro within a decade, depending on how the

  9. Lessons from Chiapas:Caring for Indigenous Women Through a Femifocal Model of Care

    OpenAIRE

    Murray De lopez, Jenna; Cristina Alonso; Alison Danch; Janell Tryon

    2017-01-01

    By highlighting the various ways in which indigenous women in the colonial city of San Cristóbal de Las Casas manage maternal health and birth care, in this chapter we intend to provide a counter-narrative to the dominant approach which conflates medicalized maternal health with low mortality ratios; regardless of the quality of interventions and the cultural preferences of diverse populations. Our research and practice experience shows that indigenous and non-indigenous women throughout Mexi...

  10. Riparian Habitat - San Joaquin River

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — The immediate focus of this study is to identify, describe and map the extent and diversity of riparian habitats found along the main stem of the San Joaquin River,...

  11. Instituciones e innovación: La experiencia del grupo K’NAN CHOCH en Chiapas, México (

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Morales Barragán

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Institutions and innovation: The experience of the K’NAN CHOCH group in Chiapas, MexicoIn areas lacking an institutional framework oriented toward encouraging productive innovation,  it is necessary, in the first place, to identify the  spaces of social interaction where solutions are  sought for specific problems of production, and in  the second place, to analyse the effects of institutional dynamics on the formation and development of those spaces. In order to consider this problem, it is pointed out that the institutions that  have encouraged innovations within industrial districts are specific and deeply rooted. Next, a  case of productive innovation situated in the state  of Chiapas (México is considered in which the  spaces of social interaction where an innovation  was developed are identified, and the influence of  institutional dynamics in the formation and development of these spaces is evaluated. Resumen:En regiones donde no existen mecanismos institucionales orientados a estimular la innovación  productiva, es necesario, en primer lugar, identificar los ámbitos de interacción social en los que se  busca dar solución a problemas productivos específicos, y en segundo término, analizar el efecto  de la dinámica institucional en la constitución y  desarrollo de dichos ámbitos. Para abordar este problema se hace referencia al arraigo y especificidad de los mecanismos institucionales que han  impulsado las innovaciones en los distritos industriales. Luego se presenta una experiencia de  innovación productiva ubicada en el estado de  Chiapas (México, en la que se identifican los  ámbitos de interacción social donde fue gestándose una innovación de producto, y se valora la influencia de la dinámica institucional en la formación y desarrollo de esos ámbitos.

  12. Calidad bacteriológica del agua para consumo humano en zonas de alta marginación de Chiapas Bacteriological quality of drinking water in areas of high levels of poverty in Chiapas, Mexico

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    Héctor Javier Sánchez-Pérez

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analizar la calidad bacteriológica del agua (CBA para consumo humano y su relación con diarreas y enteroparasitosis en niños de 1 a 14 años en comunidades de alta marginación socioeconómica de Chiapas, México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: En una muestra aleatoria de 99 viviendas de la Región Fronteriza de Chiapas, de marzo a septiembre de 1998, se recolectaron muestras de agua para consumo humano, se indagó sobre diarreas en los últimos 15 días y se recolectaron muestras de heces de 322 niños de 1 a 14 años. La CBA se determinó mediante la técnica de filtración por membranas y las enteroparasitosis por el método de Faust. Se utilizó el estadístico ji² para el análisis de la CBA con relación a los diversos factores analizados. RESULTADOS: Sólo 31% de las muestras de agua fueron aptas para consumo humano. La CBA y la presencia de diarreas referida por las madres de los menores no mostraron asociación. Los niños con mala CBA en sus viviendas mostraron mayor prevalencia de Entamoeba histolytica y mayor tendencia a estar parasitados. CONCLUSIONES: Es necesario desarrollar medidas que mejoren la CBA y campañas de educación que incrementen el uso de agua hervida, su manejo adecuado y el cuidado de las fuentes de abastecimiento comunitarias.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the bacteriological quality of drinking water (BQDW and its association with diarrhoea and intestinal parasites in children 1 to 14 years old, in areas of high levels of poverty in Chiapas, Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From March to September 1998, drinking water was collected from a random sample of 99 households in the Border Region of Chiapas, Mexico; data on diarrhoeal disease (in the past 15 days were collected and stool testing for intestinal parasites was performed in children 1 to 14 years old (n= 322. The BQDW was determined by the filtration membrane technique. Intestinal parasitic infections were determined by the Faust Method. The chi² statistic was

  13. ANÁLISIS DE LA ESTRUCTURA ARBÓREA DEL SISTEMA AGROFORESTAL DE CACAO (Theobroma cacao L. EN EL SOCONUSCO, CHIAPAS - MÉXICO Analysis of the Structure Arborea Agroforestry System Cocoa (Theobroma cacao L. in Soconusco, Chiapas - Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HUGO A ROA-ROMERO

    Full Text Available Se determinó la abundancia, riqueza, importancia, equidad y diversidad de los árboles encontrados en sistemas agroforestales de cacao, del Soconusco, Chiapas, México. La presente investigación, se desarrolló en la región costera del Soconusco, ubicada al sur del estado de Chiapas; se muestrearon los municipios de Huehuetán, Tapachula y Tuxtla Chico, por ser los más representativos en área sembrada de cacao. En cada municipio, se establecieron al azar siete parcelas temporales de 50 x 50 m cada una, lo que suma en total 5,25 hectáreas , en las cuales se registraron variables como el diámetro a la altura del pecho (DAP: 1,3 m sobre el nivel del suelo, área basal, y sombrío en el cacaotal. Se encontraron 46 especies agrupadas en 21 familias, las especies con el mayor valor de importancia fueron Mangifera indica y Pouteria sapota, convirtiéndose en las especies de sombra más frecuentemente encontradas. La composición florística denotó una mayor similitud en los municipios de Tapachula y Huehuetán, como lo muestra el mayor porcentaje del índice de Jaccard y en lo que respecta a diversidad, el municipio de Tuxtla Chico presentó el mayor valor según el índice de Shannon. Este estudio determina la existencia de una cobertura definitiva de preferencia asociada a los árboles frutales.The abundance, wealth, size, fairness and diversity of trees found in cacao agroforestry systems was determined in Soconusco , Chiapas , Mexico . This research was conducted in the coastal region of Soconusco, located in the southern state of Chiapas . The municipalities of Huehuetán Tapachula and Tuxtla Chico were sampled, as the most representative in area planted with cocoa. In each municipality, were created at random seven parcels temporary 50 x 50 m each, which amount totalling 5.25 hectares , in which there were variables such as the diameter at breast height (DBH: 1.3 m above the soil, basal area, and grim in the cacaotal. We found 46 species

  14. Macromicetos del Parque Educativo Laguna Bélgica, municipio de Ocozocoautla de Espinosa, Chiapas, México Macrofungi from Parque Educativo Laguna Bélgica, Municipality of Ocozocoautla de Espinosa, Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Freddy Chanona-Gómez

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio tuvo como objetivos contribuir al conocimiento de los macromicetos que crecen en el Parque Educativo Laguna Bélgica (PELB, en Ocozocoautla de Espinosa, Chiapas y determinar el índice de diversidad de Simpson y similitud de Sorensen de la micobiota existente en los diferentes tipos de vegetación. Se realizaron 24 exploraciones micológicas durante un año, encontrándose 144 especies (24 Ascomycota y 120 Basidiomycota. El índice de diversidad, mostró que la vegetación con la micobiota más diversa fue la del bosque de Quercus elliptica (D= 0.9678 la cual presentó mayor similitud con el bosque de Liquidambar stracyflua (Is= 83 %. El sustrato más frecuente fue la madera en descomposición (57.63 %. Se determinaron las especies de macromicetos potencialmente utilizables para el consumo humano (22 especies, lo que determinó el valor micológico del área de estudio en 15.27 %. Del total de especies determinadas 22 son nuevos registros para el estado de Chiapas; 4 Ascomicetos Scutellinia scutellata, Xylaria amphitele, X. persicaria, Chlorociboria aeruginosa, y 18 Basidiomicetos Amanita pantherina, Geastrum striatum, Hydnum repandum, Hygrocybe miniata, Scleroderma verrucosum, Cotylidia diaphana, Lactarius indigo, Phlogiotis helvelloides, Hydnochaete olivaceae, Phellinus ferruginosus, P. contiguus, P.rufitinctus, Thelephora terrestris, T. cervicornis, Perenniporia ohiensis, Diplomitoporus lenis, Schizopora paradoxa y Tremella fuciformis.The objectives of this study were to contribute to the knowledge of macro fungi growing in the "Parque Educativo Laguna Belgica" (PELB, in Chiapas, Mexico and to determine the diversity and similarity indexes for its mycobiota in each type of vegetation. Twenty four mycological explorations were made during a year, resulting in the identification of 144 species (24 Ascomycota and 120 Basidiomycota. The diversity of fungal species was determined through the index of Simpson and the similarity

  15. Miedos e ilusiones en la prensa periódica tras el regreso a España de Fernando VII

    OpenAIRE

    Felipe RODRÍGUEZ MORÍN

    2015-01-01

    El retorno de Fernando VII a España en el mes de marzo de 1814 fue noticia principal durante muchas semanas en la prensa hispana. Y es que, junto con su llegada, se hallaba en juego ni más ni menos que el futuro modelo de Estado: si arbitrado por una Constitución que proclamaba la soberanía nacional y amparaba toda una seria de libertades promulgadas por las Cortes de Cádiz, o si absolutista, como pretendían otros muchos aferrados a la más rigurosa tradición. Es por ello que resulta un ejerci...

  16. Manuscritos americanos de la Biblioteca Histórica: Relaciones Históricas de Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxóchitl

    OpenAIRE

    Ysern de la Calle, Javier

    2014-01-01

    Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxóchitl (1578-1648) fue uno de los primeros mestizos en investigar acerca de la historia de sus antepasados. Presentadas tradicionalmente de forma conjunta bajo el título de Obras o Relaciones Históricas, Alva Ixtlilxóchitl escribió diversas relaciones que pasaron de mano en mano durante décadas hasta perderse. Debido a su valor documental, a lo largo de los siglos se realizaron numerosas copias que a su vez se han reproducido nuevamente otras tantas veces. En este artí...

  17. Don Fernando José López de Cárdenas, descubridor del Arte Rupestre Esquemático (1783

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    Gratiniano NIETO GALLO

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Fue en 1783 cuando en realidad podemos decir que comienza la Historia del Arte Rupestre esquemático peninsular con el descubrimiento que de él hizo don Fernando José López de Cárdenas, en la Peña Escrita y en La Batanera de Fuencaliente, noticia de la que dio puntual referencia al Conde de Floridablanca con quien mantenía correspondencia regular en su calidad de pensionado que era de S.M. para colaborar en la recogida de minerales para el Real Gabinete de Historia Natural.

  18. La novela suprarreal: Fernando Vallejo, Rafael Ramírez Heredia, Élmer Mendoza, Daniel Sada, Roberto Bolaño y Jorge Franco

    OpenAIRE

    Aubry Ortegón, Kenia Gabriela

    2013-01-01

    Esta Tesis de Doctorado sigue la línea de investigación del realismo literario. Propone a través del siguiente corpus de novelas otro clima estético realista que hemos denominado novela suprarreal: La Virgen de los sicarios de Fernando Vallejo, Rosario Tijeras de Jorge Franco, La Mara de Rafael Ramírez Heredia, 2666 de Roberto Bolaño, Ritmo Delta de Daniel Sada y Balas de plata de Élmer Mendoza. Este fenómeno narrativo consiste en la exagerada aproximación de la ficción a la realidad. El come...

  19. La religiosidad en la novela sicaresca en Colombia: Una aproximación crítica a la virgen de los sicarios de Fernando Vallejo

    OpenAIRE

    Burgos, Luis Fernando

    2014-01-01

    La religiosidad es uno de los temas fundamentales en la trama de la Sicaresca, en La Virgen de los Sicarios, novela emblemática de este género, Fernando Vallejo, entre preceptos modernistas y posmodernistas, exhibe esa presencia teológica. En los tres capítulos de este ensayo, por medio del análisis del estilo y el lenguaje religioso que enriquecen la ética, la estética de la novela, se recupera ese tema, el inconsciente colectivo y se devela la difícil situación social de Colombia. Est...

  20. Cuidado humanizado de enfermería percibido por familiares de pacientes pediátricos, usuarios del Hospital Universitario Fernando Troconis de Santa Marta

    OpenAIRE

    González-Ruiz, Gisela; Oviedo-Córdoba, Haidy; Bedoya-Idrobo, Luz Marina; Benavides- Peñaloza, Gleinis; Dalmero-Arvilla, Neirobis; Vergara-Ascanio, Claudia

    2013-01-01

    Introducción: el objetivo de este trabajo es percibir el cuidado humanizado de enfermería en familiares de pacientes pediátricos, hospitalizados en una unidad de cuidado del Hospital Universitario Fernando Troconis en Santa Marta, 2011, a partir de la aplicación de la escala de percepción phce. Metodología: se planteó un estudio descriptivo transversal de diseño no experimental, orientado a identificar la percepción sobre cuidado humanizado; la población de estudio la conformaron 36 familiare...

  1. [The Fernando Henrique Cardoso (FHC) and Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (Lula) governments and the policy for the civil servant workforce of the Brazilian government].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Nilson do Rosario; Lamarca, Isabel

    2013-06-01

    This article analyzes the configuration of the active civil servant workforce of the Brazilian government during Fernando Henrique Cardoso - FHC - (1995-2002) and Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva - Lula - (2003-2010) mandates. The article associates the condition of the workforce of the Brazilian government with the changes in the government coalition. The residual participation of the Ministry of Health (MOH) in the direct provision of public services influenced the downward trend of the federal workforce.The implementation of the Unified Health System (SUS) was strongly affected by the structural adjustment of the workforce at the federal level during the decades of 1990 and 2000.

  2. Anti-tuberculosis treatment defaulting: an analysis of perceptions and interactions in Chiapas, Mexico Abandono del tratamiento antituberculosis: un análisis de percepciones e interacciones en Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivett Reyes-Guillén

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To analyze the perceptions and interactions of the actors involved in anti-tuberculosis treatment, and to explore their influence in treatment defaulting in Los Altos region of Chiapas, Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From November 2002 to August 2003, in-depth interviews were administered to patients with PTB, patients' family members, institutional physicians, community health coordinators, and traditional medicine practitioners. RESULTS: We found different perceptions about PTB between patients and their families and among health personnel, as well as communication barriers between actors. Defaulting is considered to be mainly due to the treatment's adverse effects. CONCLUSIONS: It is necessary to conduct research and interventions in the studied area with the aim of changing perceptions, improving sensitization, quality and suitability of management of patients with PTB in a multicultural context, and promoting collaboration between institutional and traditional medicine.OBJETIVO: Analizar percepciones e interacciones entre actores involucrados en el tratamiento antituberculosis y su influencia en el abandono del tratamiento en los Altos de Chiapas, México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: De noviembre 2002 a agosto 2003, se realizaron entrevistas a profundidad a pacientes con TBP, familiares, médicos institucionales, coordinadores comunitarios de salud y médicos tradicionales. RESULTADOS: Se encontraron diferentes percepciones entre los pacientes y sus familiares, respecto a las del personal de salud, así como barreras de comunicación entre los distintos actores. Los efectos adversos del tratamiento antituberculosis, son consideradas como una de las principales causas de su abandono. CONCLUSIONES: Es necesario que en la región estudiada se realicen investigaciones e intervenciones encaminadas a: cambiar percepciones y mejorar la sensibilidad, calidad y adecuación del manejo de pacientes con TBP en contextos multiculturales, así como

  3. Environmental assessment : Rodent control program : San Joaquin river levee : San Luis National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Lower San Joaquin Levee District (LSJLD) requires that six miles of levee situated along the San Joaquin River on San Luis National Wildlife Refuge (SLNWR) be...

  4. Inmigración, emigración y tránsito migratorio en Chiapas: un bosquejo general

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    María Eugenia Anguiano Téllez

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Se explora la condición actual del estado de Chiapas como territorio de inmigración nacional y extranjera, como entidad expulsora de migrantes al resto del país y Estados Unidos, y como espacio y trayecto de tránsito migratorio de guatemaltecos y migrantes de otras nacionalidades. Para ello, se analiza información que proporcionan el Instituto Nacional de Geografía, Estadística e Informática, el Consejo Nacional de Población, el Instituto Nacional de Migración y dos encuestas de flujos migratorios en las que participa El Colegio de la Frontera Norte.

  5. “Progresa” y el empoderamiento de las mujeres: estudio de caso en Vista Hermosa, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Meza Ojeda

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo pretende hacer una revisión y analizar las corresponsabilidades que lleva a cabo el Programa de Educación, Salud y Alimentación (Progresa enfocada a la creación de condiciones de posibilidad que pudiesen estar incrementando rasgos de empoderamiento en las mujeres beneficiarias del programa, a partir del modelo tridimensional de Rowlands. Es un estudio de caso realizado en una comunidad de los Altos de Chiapas. El estudio gira en torno a la discusión actual respecto a las políticas públicas con perspectiva de género, el combate a la pobreza y la articulación con procesos de empoderamiento de las beneficiarias. El análisis de los resultados se realizó contrastando las bases de sustento del programa con la tríada dimensional de Rowlands y los rasgos que potencian el empoderamiento.

  6. Schooling and Identity: A Qualitative Analysis of Self-Portrait Drawings of Young Indigenous People from Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esteban-Guitart, Moises; Monreal-Bosch, Pilar; Perera, Santiago; Bastiani, José

    2016-01-01

    One of the features associated with schooling and formal education is their decontextualized nature, a characteristic that has been related to the advancement of logical abstract thinking. The aim of this study was to compare and contrast self-portraits through the graphical representations and verbal explanations made by young indigenous people from the Altos de Chiapas with different educational levels ranging from primary school to university. Participants were of the same age. The results show the abstract nature (as opposed to the concrete character) of some of the self-portraits made by the group of university students and the prevalence of individual aspects (rather than social contextual factors) especially within this same group.

  7. Poverty, production, and health: inhibition of erythrocyte cholinesterase via occupational exposure to organophosphate insecticides in Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinoco-Ojanguren, R; Halperin, D C

    1998-01-01

    Occupational exposure to organophosphate pesticides and its effects on the concentration of erythrocyte cholinesterase in the rural population of Chiapas, Mexico, are described. The authors surveyed agricultural production and pesticide use was surveyed among 199 campesinos (peasants) in three communities that used various agricultural production systems. The authors measured the concentration of the cholinesterase enzyme in blood samples obtained from 65 campesinos before and after exposure to the insecticide. The authors established a comparison value for the population that was not exposed occupationally. The exposure values of the enzyme concentration were significantly lower than preexposure values (p = .00001) and reference group values (p = .0008). Individuals in the community characterized by subsistence production had significantly lower levels of the enzyme than individuals in the other two communities (p = .01). This result suggested that a greater risk of adverse health effects existed among the poorest communities.

  8. Sandfly (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae species diversity in an urban area of the municipality of Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico

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    Oscar Fernando Mikery Pacheco

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Monitoring phlebotomine sandflies in urban areas is key for epidemiological studies in susceptible populations. This paper describes sandfly fauna that were present in an urban area of the municipality of Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico, and were captured with Shannon and CDC light traps. During February and March of 2014, 1,442 sandflies were captured, specifically Lutzomyia cruciata (Coquillet (98.8%, Lutzomyia cayennensis cayennensis (Floch and Abonnenc (0.8%, Lutzomyia chiapanensis (Dampf (0.3% and Lutzomyia atulapai (De León (0.1%. Lu. cruciata was the most abundant and the most frequently trapped species. This is the first record of its remarkable ability to adapt to urban green areas. The three other species trapped represent new records of geographic distribution for the study region. These results indicate the need to establish measures for reducing both human contact with this vector and the risk of possible sites of infection.

  9. Sandfly (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) species diversity in an urban area of the municipality of Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacheco, Oscar Fernando Mikery; León, Julio Cesar Rojas; Rebollar-Téllez, Eduardo Alfonso; Vera, Alfredo Castillo

    2015-02-01

    Monitoring phlebotomine sandflies in urban areas is key for epidemiological studies in susceptible populations. This paper describes sandfly fauna that were present in an urban area of the municipality of Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico, and were captured with Shannon and CDC light traps. During February and March of 2014, 1,442 sandflies were captured, specifically Lutzomyia cruciata (Coquillet) (98.8%), Lutzomyia cayennensis cayennensis (Floch and Abonnenc) (0.8%), Lutzomyia chiapanensis (Dampf) (0.3%) and Lutzomyia atulapai (De León) (0.1%). Lu. cruciata was the most abundant and the most frequently trapped species. This is the first record of its remarkable ability to adapt to urban green areas. The three other species trapped represent new records of geographic distribution for the study region. These results indicate the need to establish measures for reducing both human contact with this vector and the risk of possible sites of infection.

  10. Ammonite age-calibration of the EL Chango Fossil-Lagerstätte, Chiapas state (SE Mexico)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno-Bedmar, J. A.; Latil, J.-L.; Villanueva-Amadoz, U.; Calvillo-Canadell, L.; Cevallos-Ferriz, S. R. S.

    2014-12-01

    This paper dates the El Chango Lagerstätte (Chiapas, SE Mexico), known for its exceptionally well-preserved marine fishes, plant remains, crustaceans, insects and mollusks, based on ammonite biostratigraphy. The age of the El Chango fauna is imprecisely assigned to either the late Albian or Cenomanian. We document here an ammonite assemblage comprising Graysonites and ?Metengonoceras. Graysonites, which gives a lowermost early Cenomanian age, Cintalapa Formation pro parte. We noticed that the terminology of lithostratigraphic units in the studied area is confusing and varies considerably depending on the author, therefore proposing the use of Cintalapa Formation for the El Chango section and the Sierra Madre as a group that includes it.

  11. Reasons to keep making crafts in México: Similarities and differences between current artisanal Chiapas and Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perla Shiomara del Carpio Ovando

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available To present and to discuss two research communities of artisans in Mexico is the goal in this document. The work is the result of a large study with an indigenous artisans Tzotil of Chiapas and potters artisans of Tonalá, Jalisco. The aim was to find some elements that allowed the permanence of traditional craft in both contexts. For this reason, we will discuss in this article what we understand for handicrafts and the development of the artisan work in the Mexicancontext. Also, we present the case studies we conducted and some of the findings results. For example, some of the reasons for artisan people to continue making handicrafts such as the cultural need lived by these communities and the interiorized discourse about the commitment to continue with the tradition of doing this work.

  12. Atraso económico, migración y remesas: el caso del Soconusco, Chiapas, México

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    Eugenio Eliseo Santacruz de León

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente texto se analizan los vínculos existentes en tre las actividades agropecuarias, la migración y las remesas, para el caso de la región del Soconusco, Chiapas. Dichos vínculos se enfocan desde dos perspectivas; la primera ubica a la producción agrícola como punto de atracción de migrantes, y la segunda la visualiza como expulsora de población rural local. Se concluye que el estancamiento productivo que padece la actividad agropecuaria ha contribuido al aumento de la migración y su expresión en la cuantía de remesas enviadas.

  13. Inhibition of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase, toxicological and chemical profile of Calophyllum brasiliense extracts from Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    César, García-Zebadúa Julio; Alfonso, Magos-Guerrero Gil; Marius, Mumbrú-Massip; Elizabeth, Estrada-Muñoz; Angel, Contreras-Barrios Miguel; Maira, Huerta-Reyes; Guadalupe, Campos-Lara María; Manuel, Jiménez-Estrada; Ricardo, Reyes-Chilpa

    2011-10-01

    Calophyllum species are sources of calanolides, which inhibit human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase (HIV-1 RT). The hexane extract of the leaves from C. brasiliense collected in Soconusco, State of Chiapas, Mexico, analyzed by HPLC showed to contain apetalic acid, calanolides B, and C. It showed potent anti-HIV-1 RT inhibition (IC(50)=20.2 μg/ml), but was not toxic in mice (LD(50)=1.99 g/kg). The histological study of the mice treated at the highest dose revealed no alteration on hepatocytes, and an increase in the number of spleen megakaryocytes. These results suggest this extract is suitable to continue studies for developing a phytodrug against HIV-1. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Navigating and circumventing a fragmented health system: the patient's pathway in the Sierra Madre Region of Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molina, Rose Leonard; Palazuelos, Daniel

    2014-03-01

    Mexico has implemented several important reforms in how health care for its poorest is financed and delivered. Seguro Popular, in particular, a recently implemented social insurance program, aims to provide new funds for a previously underfunded state-based safety net system. Through in-depth ethnographic structured interviews with impoverished farmers in the state of Chiapas, this article presents an analysis of Seguro Popular from the perspective of a highly underserved beneficiary group. Specific points of tension among the various stakeholders--the government system (including public clinics, hospitals, and vertical programs), community members, private doctors, and pharmacies--are highlighted and discussed. Ethnographic data presented in this article expose distinct gaps between national health policy rhetoric and the reality of access to health services at the community level in a highly marginalized municipality in one of Mexico's poorest states. These insights have important implications for the structure and implementation of on-going reforms. © 2014 by the American Anthropological Association.

  15. El empoderamiento de las mujeres desde una lectura feminista de la Biblia: el caso de la CODIMUJ en Chiapas

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    María Eugenia Santana Echeagaray

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En este estudio se parte de una revisión teórica del concepto de empoderamiento para entender los cambios ocurridos en tre las campesinas que participan en la Coordinación Diocesana de Mujeres (CODIMUJ, organización que les ayuda a despertar su conciencia de género en el estado de Chiapas. Se revisan las herramientas y estrategias para impulsar el empoderamiento femenino, las cuales se fundamentan en la lectura de la Biblia y en la participación grupal de las mujeres. Se realiza un recuento histórico de esta experiencia, a partir de la observación y análisis de las vivencias de las participantes y de los testimonios de las asesoras de la organización.

  16. Sandfly (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) species diversity in an urban area of the municipality of Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacheco, Oscar Fernando Mikery; León, Julio Cesar Rojas; Rebollar-Téllez, Eduardo Alfonso; Vera, Alfredo Castillo

    2015-01-01

    Monitoring phlebotomine sandflies in urban areas is key for epidemiological studies in susceptible populations. This paper describes sandfly fauna that were present in an urban area of the municipality of Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico, and were captured with Shannon and CDC light traps. During February and March of 2014, 1,442 sandflies were captured, specifically Lutzomyia cruciata (Coquillet) (98.8%), Lutzomyia cayennensis cayennensis (Floch and Abonnenc) (0.8%), Lutzomyia chiapanensis (Dampf) (0.3%) and Lutzomyia atulapai (De León) (0.1%). Lu. cruciata was the most abundant and the most frequently trapped species. This is the first record of its remarkable ability to adapt to urban green areas. The three other species trapped represent new records of geographic distribution for the study region. These results indicate the need to establish measures for reducing both human contact with this vector and the risk of possible sites of infection. PMID:25742275

  17. Percepciones de adultos con sobrepeso y obesidad y su influencia en el control de peso en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas

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    Nisadó Paloma Sofía Matus Lerma

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de la investigación fue analizar los factores que contribuyen a la autopercepción de la figura corporal, la enfermedad y los há- bitos alimenticios en personas con sobrepeso u obesidad. Además, comprender cómo las percepciones influyeron en la motivación y acciones relacionadas con el control de peso. El estudio se realizó mediante un encuadre metodológico que combinó aspectos de tipo cualitativo y cuantitativo para identificar factores socioculturales que limitan el control de peso. Algunos factores socioculturales que in- fluyen en el control de peso son: la autopercepción de la figura corporal, de la enfermedad y su riesgo en ausencia de síntomas o molestias, la subestimación del exceso de peso y del riesgo de éste, control de alimentos por cuestiones emocionales y la importancia de la influencia familiar.

  18. Extraterrestres en el imaginario New Age: redes de espiritualidad y utopía desde San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas

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    Astrid Maribel Pinto Durán

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Una alusión constante de redes consideradas New Age es la existencia de extraterrestres y el vínculo que sostienen haber desarrollado con ellos. Este tema es parte constitutiva de un trabajo imaginativo utópico producido por una red que se autonombra Guerreros de Luz y defiende el advenimiento de una nueva era. El extraterrestre funge como alteridad, como un punto de ruptura epistemológica desde el cual se juzga el mundo en que vivimos. El presente es un estudio interpretativo de la labor de una red que intenta imaginar, con un lenguaje metafórico, otras posibilidades de realidad.

  19. La identidad gótica y la lógica de mercado en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas

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    Luis Fernando Bolaños Gordillo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza cómo, a pesar de sus posiciones críticas y de su discurso de corte autónomo e individualista, el movimiento gótico no escapa a la lógica del mercado. También se verá que existen cierto tipo de productos entre vestimenta, accesorios, maquillaje, libros, discos, cinematografía de terror, entre otros, que circulan en el “mercado oscuro” con la bandera de la alternatividad, y que homogeneizan sus comportamientos de consumo. El análisis aborda cómo este movimiento de corte autónomo se fue transformando en una moda que instituyó cierto tipo de ideas ligadas a patrones de consumo.

  20. Diversidad, abundancia y conjuntos ictiofaunísticos del sistema lagunar-estuarino Chantuto-Panzacola, Chiapas, México

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    Silvia Díaz-Ruiz

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available En el sistema lagunar-estuarino Chantuto-Panzacola, Chiapas, México, fue realizado un estudio ictiofaunístico entre marzo y noviembre de 1997. De un total de 1 456 peces recolectados, se identificaron 31 especies, 25 géneros y 19 familias. La diversidad y abundancia presentaron sus valores más altos en el mes de marzo con H’ = 2.67 bits, D = 3.89 sp/ind, biomasa 1.88 g/m² , densidad 0.25 ind/m² y peso promedio 7.55 g/ind. Se encontraron diferencias significativas (ANOVA y Tukey, pIn the Chantuto-Panzacola system, Chiapas, México, a study of a fish community was carried out between March and November of 1997. From a total of 1 456 fish collected, 31 species, 25 genera and 19 families had been identified. The diversity and abundance were high in March with H’= 2.67 bits/ind, D = 3.89 sp/ind, biomass 1.88 g/m² , density 0.25 ind/m 2 and average weight 7.55 g/ind. Significant differences were found between the ecological parameters and the environmental variables of the ecosystem in the months of study (ANOVA and Tukey, p<0.05. The multiple discriminant analysis showed that the temperature and the salinity was the most important factors in the variation of the community. The frequency analysis and spatial distribution of the fish allowed to define fish assemblages formed by several groups of species that inhabits the system. Nine dominant species were defined for the ecosystem, representing the 71% in number and the 76.4% in weight of the total catch, Achirus mazatlanus, Caranx hippos, Cathorops fuerthi, Centropomus robalito, Cichlasoma macracanthum, Cichlasoma trimaculatum, Gobiomorus maculatus, Gobionellus microdon and Lile gracilis

  1. FACTORES QUE DETERMINARON LA IMPLEMENTACIÓN DE LA ESTRATEGIA DE COMERCIO JUSTO POR PARTE DE PRODUCTORES CAFETALEROS DE CHIAPAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Susano García

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available En el estado de Chiapas los productores de café a finales de la década de 1980, optaron por organizarse para hacer frente a la crisis mundial que en esa época afectaba al aromático, esta situación se combinó con una serie de problemáticas que desde antaño han vivido como son marginaciones, condiciones sociales deplorables, aprovechamiento por parte de acaparadores, analfabetismo, etc. Una de las estrategias para poder hacer frente a las realidades a las que se enfrentaban dichos productores, fue la conformación de una red de agricultores, los cuales apoyados en su mayoría por asociaciones civiles, buscaron la certificación de su producto para poder exportarlo a mercado cuyas características singulares permitieron la entrada y aceptación del café orgánico, como lo son Estados Unidos, Alemania, Japón, España, Francia, etc., donde existen consumidores preocupados por adquirir productos amigables con el medio ambiente e inocuos, que justamente son algunos de los elementos que se establecen para poder realizar el Comercio Justo. Con este trabajo se pretende identificar los elementos que originaron en las comunidades agrícolas la adopción del Comercio Justo como una estrategia comercial y los beneficios que ha generado en los productores y las comunidades rurales de Chiapas, por ello se partió de realizar un análisis descriptivo, a través de estudio de caso.

  2. Self-report of gingival problems and periodontitis in indigenous and non-indigenous populations in Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Pérez, Álvaro; Borges-Yáñez, Socorro Aída; Jiménez-Corona, Aida; Jiménez-Corona, María Eugenia; Ponce-de-León, Samuel

    2016-04-01

    To estimate the prevalence of self-reported gingival and periodontal conditions and their association with smoking, oral hygiene, indigenous origin, diabetes and location (urban or rural) in indigenous and non-indigenous adults in Chiapas, Mexico. A cross-sectional study of 1,749 persons, ≥20 years of age, living in four rural and four urban marginal localities in Comitán (Chiapas, México). The variables investigated were: age; sex; indigenous origin; oral hygiene; halitosis; chewing ability; gingival conditions; periodontitis; smoking; alcoholism; diabetes; and location. Bivariate analysis and a logistic regression model were used to identify the association of periodontitis with the independent variables. In total, 762 (43.6%) indigenous and 987 (56.4%) non-indigenous persons were interviewed. Their mean age was 41 ± 14 years, 66.7% were women and 43.8% lived in rural locations. Gingival problems were reported by 68.5% and periodontitis by 8.7%. In total, 17.9% had used dental services during the previous year, 28.7% wore a removable partial or a complete dental prosthesis, 63.7% had lost at least one tooth, the prevalence of diabetes was 9.2% and the prevalence of smoking was 12.2%. The logistic regression model showed that age, diabetes and the interaction between rural location and indigenous origin were associated with the presence of periodontitis. Indigenous people living in rural areas are more likely to have periodontitis. It is necessary to promote oral health practices in indigenous and marginalised populations with a focus on community-oriented primary care. © 2016 FDI World Dental Federation.

  3. Clinical characterization of acute and convalescent illness of confirmed chikungunya cases from Chiapas, S. Mexico: A cross sectional study.

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    Rogelio Danis-Lozano

    Full Text Available The emerging chikungunya virus (CHIKV, is an arbovirus causing intense outbreaks in North America. The situation in Mexico is alarming, and CHIKV threatens to spread further throughout North America. Clinical and biological features of CHIKF outbreaks in Mexico have not been well described; thus, we conducted a cross sectional study of a CHIKV outbreak in Chiapas, Southern Mexico to further characterize these features.We collected blood samples from patients suspected of having chikungunya fever (CHIKF who presented to Clinical Hospital ISSSTE Dr. Roberto Nettel in Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico. In addition to the clinical examination, real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR standardized for the Asian Chikungunya lineage and/or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for immunoglobulin M (IgM were used to confirm CHIKV diagnosis. Of a total of 850 patients who presented with probably CHIKV at Hospital "Dr. Roberto Nettel", 112 probable CHIKF cases were enrolled in this study from November 2014- June 2015, of which 95 patients (84.8% were CHIKV positive and 17 were negative (15.2%. Of these 95 CHIKV positive patients, 62 were positive by real-time reverse transcriptase PCR (+qRT-PCR; and 33 were seropositive to +IgM with a negative qRT-PCR. The most frequent symptoms reported were fever (100%, headache (82.3%, polyarthralgia (72.1%, and exanthem (82.3%. Biological abnormalities observed during CHIKV infection were lymphopenia (41.1%, leukopenia (51.6%, elevated transaminases (30.5%-46.3% and high LDH (46.3% and CRP (60.0%.Clinical and biological data obtained from this study is providing more useful information for benchmarking purposes with outbreaks from different parts of the world and would be helpful for better patient care and treatment.

  4. Clinical characterization of acute and convalescent illness of confirmed chikungunya cases from Chiapas, S. Mexico: A cross sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danis-Lozano, Rogelio; Díaz-González, Esteban Eduardo; Trujillo-Murillo, Karina Del Carmen; Caballero-Sosa, Sandra; Sepúlveda-Delgado, Jesús; Malo-García, Iliana Rosalía; Canseco-Ávila, Luis Miguel; Salgado-Corsantes, Luis Manuel; Domínguez-Arrevillaga, Sergio; Torres-Zapata, Raúl; Gómez-Cruz, Omar; Fernández-Salas, Ildefonso

    2017-01-01

    The emerging chikungunya virus (CHIKV), is an arbovirus causing intense outbreaks in North America. The situation in Mexico is alarming, and CHIKV threatens to spread further throughout North America. Clinical and biological features of CHIKF outbreaks in Mexico have not been well described; thus, we conducted a cross sectional study of a CHIKV outbreak in Chiapas, Southern Mexico to further characterize these features. We collected blood samples from patients suspected of having chikungunya fever (CHIKF) who presented to Clinical Hospital ISSSTE Dr. Roberto Nettel in Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico. In addition to the clinical examination, real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) standardized for the Asian Chikungunya lineage and/or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for immunoglobulin M (IgM) were used to confirm CHIKV diagnosis. Of a total of 850 patients who presented with probably CHIKV at Hospital "Dr. Roberto Nettel", 112 probable CHIKF cases were enrolled in this study from November 2014- June 2015, of which 95 patients (84.8%) were CHIKV positive and 17 were negative (15.2%). Of these 95 CHIKV positive patients, 62 were positive by real-time reverse transcriptase PCR (+qRT-PCR); and 33 were seropositive to +IgM with a negative qRT-PCR. The most frequent symptoms reported were fever (100%), headache (82.3%), polyarthralgia (72.1%), and exanthem (82.3%). Biological abnormalities observed during CHIKV infection were lymphopenia (41.1%), leukopenia (51.6%), elevated transaminases (30.5%-46.3%) and high LDH (46.3%) and CRP (60.0%). Clinical and biological data obtained from this study is providing more useful information for benchmarking purposes with outbreaks from different parts of the world and would be helpful for better patient care and treatment.

  5. Calidad bacteriológica del agua para consumo humano en zonas de alta marginación de Chiapas

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    Sánchez-Pérez Héctor Javier

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analizar la calidad bacteriológica del agua (CBA para consumo humano y su relación con diarreas y enteroparasitosis en niños de 1 a 14 años en comunidades de alta marginación socioeconómica de Chiapas, México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: En una muestra aleatoria de 99 viviendas de la Región Fronteriza de Chiapas, de marzo a septiembre de 1998, se recolectaron muestras de agua para consumo humano, se indagó sobre diarreas en los últimos 15 días y se recolectaron muestras de heces de 322 niños de 1 a 14 años. La CBA se determinó mediante la técnica de filtración por membranas y las enteroparasitosis por el método de Faust. Se utilizó el estadístico ji² para el análisis de la CBA con relación a los diversos factores analizados. RESULTADOS: Sólo 31% de las muestras de agua fueron aptas para consumo humano. La CBA y la presencia de diarreas referida por las madres de los menores no mostraron asociación. Los niños con mala CBA en sus viviendas mostraron mayor prevalencia de Entamoeba histolytica y mayor tendencia a estar parasitados. CONCLUSIONES: Es necesario desarrollar medidas que mejoren la CBA y campañas de educación que incrementen el uso de agua hervida, su manejo adecuado y el cuidado de las fuentes de abastecimiento comunitarias.

  6. Simulation of the concentration of SO{sub 2} issued by major stationary sources in 2003 in northwestern Chiapas and central Tabasco, Mexico; Simulacion de la concentracion de SO{sub 2} emitido por fuentes fijas mayores durante 2003 en el noroeste de Chiapas y centro de Tabasco, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valdes Manzanilla, Arturo [Division Academica de Ciencias Biologicas, UJAT, Villahermosa, Tabasco (Mexico)]. E-mail: avmanzanilla@hotmail.com; Fernandez Garcia, German [Universidad Autonoma de Guadalajara Campus Tabasco, Villahermosa, Tabasco (Mexico); Ramos Herrera, Sergio [Division Academica de Ciencias Biologicas, UJAT, Villahermosa, Tabasco (Mexico); Bautista Margulis, Raul G. [Division Academica de Ciencias Biologicas, UJAT, Villahermosa, Tabasco (Mexico)

    2008-05-15

    The CALPUFF dispersion model was used to simulate the spatial distribution of the SO{sub 2} emitted by Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) gas-processing complexes in Cactus, NW Chiapas, Nuevo PEMEX and Ciudad PEMEX, in central Tabasco, during 2003. It was found that the zone with the highest concentrations of SO{sub 2} is located SW from the PEMEX facilities. The zone, where the World Health Organization's norm for SO{sub 2} is surpassed (20 {mu}g/m{sup 3}), includes the city of Reforma, Chiapas and Ciudad PEMEX, Tabasco. [Spanish] El modelo de dispersion CALPUFF fue usado para simular la distribucion espacial de la concentracion de SO{sub 2} emitido por los complejos procesadores de gas de Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) en Cactus, en el noroeste de Chiapas, Nuevo PEMEX y Ciudad PEMEX, en el centro de Tabasco, durante 2003. Se encontro que la zona con mayor concentracion de SO{sub 2} esta localizada al suroeste de las instalaciones de la empresa petrolera. La zona, donde la norma de la Organizacion Mundial de la Salud para el SO{sub 2} es sobrepasada (20 {mu}g/m{sup 3}), incluye la ciudad de Reforma, Chiapas y Ciudad PEMEX, Tabasco.

  7. Characterization of the grafting copolymer EPDM-SAN; Caracterizacao do copolimero de enxertia EPDM-SAN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turchette, Renato; Felisberti, Maria Isabel [Universidade Estadual de Campinas, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Quimica]. E-mail: turchete@iqm.unicamp.br

    2001-07-01

    This work aims the characterization of the grafting copolymer EPDM-SAN. This copolymer presents a fraction of free SAN chains, which was extracted by solubilization in chloroform followed of precipitation of the grafting copolymer EPDM-g-SAN in acetone. The EPDM-SAN and EPDM-g-SAN were characterized by {sup 13}C NMR, DSC, TGA and SEM. EPDM-SAN contain 23 wt% of free SAN and 77 wt% of EPDM-g-SAN. Both materials are heterogeneous and the thermal and thermo-oxidative degradation are independent of the composition. (author)

  8. Los Voluntarios de Fernando VII de Ciudad de México. ¿Baluarte de la capital y confianza del reino?

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    Ruiz de Gordejuela Urquijo, Jesús

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to approach Fernando VII’s Urban Militia Volunteers in Mexico City, firstly as shock troops in the coup of September 16, 1808 and two years later as a safe keeper in the viceregal capital until its dissolution on the eve of Mexican independence. Thanks to unpublished primary sources we have been able to delve into the life of this controversial military body marked by scandals and serious internal problems and discover if it really was the bulwark of the capital and the credibility of the kingdom as Viceroy Calleja, his colonel, intended.La presente investigación pretende acercarnos a la milicia urbana de los Voluntarios de Fernando VII de ciudad de México, en un primer momento como cuerpo de choque en el golpe de Estado del 16 de septiembre de 1808 y dos años después como garante de la seguridad de la capital virreinal hasta su disolución en vísperas de la independencia mexicana. Gracias a fuentes primarias inéditas hemos podido adentrarnos en la vida de este polémico cuerpo militar jalonado de escándalos y graves problemas internos y descubrir si realmente fueron el baluarte de la capital y la confianza del reino tal y como pretendió su coronel el virrey Calleja.

  9. Autorretrato y viaje interior en el ensayo literario colombiano del siglo XX: Fernando González y Hernando Téllez

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    Efrén Giraldo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo considera el autorretrato y el viaje interior, procedimientos introducidos por Michel de Montaigne, en dos escritores colombianos del siglo xx: Hernando Téllez y Fernando González. Se observan las estrategias de autofiguración y construcción de un relato que examina la propia vida, para mostrar la confluencia en ambos autores de una tradición de diarios y escrituras confesionales que se cruza con la crítica, la meditación, el fragmento y el ensayo. Se pretende señalar, con los casos estudiados, la importancia que los procesos de autofiguración tienen a la hora de indagar en la dimensión estética del género ensayístico en Colombia.This article considers self-portrait and inner journey, strategies created by Michel de Montaigne, in two representative XXth century Colombian writers: Fernando González and Hernando Téllez. It is intended to examine strategies in self figuration and narrative about the own life, in order to show the confluence of a tradition related to diaries and confessional writing, intersected by criticism, meditation, essay and fragment. Finally, the article tries to indicate, in both cases, how important self figuration is, in order to quest for aesthetic dimension of Colombian essay.

  10. Novos dados sobre os Spoligotypes de estirpes do complexo Mycobacterium tuberculosis isoladas no Hospital Fernando Fonseca (Amadora-Sintra, Portugal

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    Suzana David

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: O presente estudo populacional, que decorreu entre 1999 e 2003, foi baseado na utilização do Spoligotyping na genotipagem de 452 isolados do complexo Mycobacterium tuberculosis de doentes com tuberculose internados no Hospital Fernando Fonseca. Spoligotypes foram identificados como shared types (ST recorrendo a uma base de dados internacional. Onze ST raros, não identificados na base de dados, acomodaram 8,4% dos isolados. Aliás, particular a Portugal poderá ser a predominância de ST identificados na base de dados mas não previamente classificados como famílias genotípicas, tais como o ST244, ST150 e ST389, representando 13,3 % do total. A identificação de isolados clínicos de M. africanum de genótipo Afri1 e de M. tuberculosis de genótipo CAS1 poderá confirmar a importação de isolados de origem africana e asiática. M. tuberculosis da família Beijing foi pela primeira vez por nós assinalado a partir de 1999. Desde então, o número de isolados provenientes do hospital passou de um para cinco, anualmente, representando actualmente 2,2%, o que a coloca em décimo lugar em prevalência. M. tuberculosis Beijing poderá corresponder a um problema emergente em Portugal devido à recente imigração proveniente da Europa Oriental e da Ásia. Outros genótipos, ST150 e ST389, mostraram um incremento, cujo significado não é claro. No entanto, as frequências relativas das famílias predominantes LAM, T1 e Haarlem mantiveram-se relativamente estáveis. O presente estudo confirma a variabilidade genética em Portugal dos isolados do complexo M. tuberculosis. Estes estudos poderão contribuir para a definição de prioridades nos programas nacionais de luta contra a tuberculose.Rev Port Pneumol 2005; XI (6: 513-531 Abstract: The present population study, from 1999 to 2003, has been based on the use of Spoligotyping in the genotyping of 452 isolates of

  11. Esperanza de vida al nacimiento y mortalidad infantil en Chiapas. Experiencia metodológica de construcción de indicadores regionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgina Sánchez Ramírez

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo expone la experiencia metodológica de construcción de dos indicadores demográficos: laesperanzade vida al nacimiento y la tasa de mortalidad infantil para dos periodos diferentes (1990 y 1995 a nivel microrregional y considerando la desagregación por sexo. Este trabajo surge de la necesidad de remontar las limitaciones de información existentes para el caso de Chiapas y en él se describen los insumos de los que separtióy los métodos demográficos utilizados. También se analizan los resultados a partir de la perspectiva de género,con lo cual se logra dar una panorámica matizada por regiones y género de las diferentes situaciones en que mujeres y hombres afrontan estos ítems en el estado de Chiapas

  12. Entre el textil y el ámbar: Las funciones psicosociales del trabajo artesanal en artesanos tsotsiles de La Ilusión, Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perla Shiomara Del Carpio Ovando

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to study the psychosocial functions of the artisan work made by indigenous artisans from a Tsotsil community in Chiapas, Mexico. The analysis of handicrafts encourages reflection on economic aspects in intimate relation with cultural and psychosocial elements. It is argued that those who work on the production of handicrafts face many difficulties such as precariousness, little social recognition, discrimination and exclusion. Despite this all, handicrafts contribute to the economic, social and cultural reproduction of those who make them. Also, handicrafts are privileged elements as they are vehicles of multiple social, historical and group belonging meanings through which is possible to “track” processes of social transformation. Based on the findings obtained while conducting field work in Chiapas, a model of the psychosocial functions of the indigenous artisan work is proposed in this dissertation.

  13. Acción pública y desarrollo social en el sureste de México: la Agenda Chiapas-ONU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Rodríguez Castillo

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available En esta colaboración presento diferentes interpretaciones y acciones en torno a la Agenda Chiapas-ONU, sustentada idealmente en los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio. La estrategia de comunicación social del gobierno del estado generó una relación metonímica entre esta política y el programa Ciudades Rurales Sustentables. Desde una perspectiva antropológica, documento los conocimientos y valoraciones, así como los comportamientos de diversos agentes, que se alinean en torno a proyectos a favor o en contra de esas políticas —la Agenda Chiapas-ONU y el programa Ciudades Rurales Sustentables—.

  14. La odisea de los hermanos Tort y la Fábrica de Hilados y Tejidos La Providencia en Chiapas a finales del siglo XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Llanos Hernández

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo busca explicar el proceso de construcción de la Fábrica de Hilados y Tejidos de Algodón La Providencia emprendida por los hermanos Tort en Chiapas. Fue la fábrica más moderna construida en el estado a finales del siglo XIX, obra de un ideal modernizador que corresponde al pensamiento de la época y forma parte del contexto histórico del México que se configura entre las tres últimas décadas del siglo XIX y la primera del siglo XX, el cual se reproduce de manera particular en Chiapas.

  15. Entre el textil y el ámbar: Las funciones psicosociales del trabajo artesanal en artesanos tsotsiles de La Ilusión, Chiapas, México

    OpenAIRE

    Perla Shiomara Del Carpio Ovando

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this research is to study the psychosocial functions of the artisan work made by indigenous artisans from a Tsotsil community in Chiapas, Mexico. The analysis of handicrafts encourages reflection on economic aspects in intimate relation with cultural and psychosocial elements. It is argued that those who work on the production of handicrafts face many difficulties such as precariousness, little social recognition, discrimination and exclusion. Despite this all, handicrafts...

  16. Natural Parasitism in Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) Populations in Disturbed Areas Adjacent to Commercial Mango Orchards in Chiapas and Veracruz, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montoya, Pablo; Ayala, Amanda; López, Patricia; Cancino, Jorge; Cabrera, Héctor; Cruz, Jassmin; Martinez, Ana Mabel; Figueroa, Isaac; Liedo, Pablo

    2016-04-01

    To determine the natural parasitism in fruit fly populations in disturbed areas adjacent to commercial mango orchards in the states of Chiapas and Veracruz, Mexico, we recorded over one year the fruit fly-host associations, fly infestation, and parasitism rates in backyard orchards and patches of native vegetation. We also investigated the relationship between fruit size, level of larval infestation, and percent of parasitism, and attempted to determine the presence of superparasitism. The most recurrent species in trap catches was Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart), followed by Anastrepha ludens (Loew), in both study zones. The fruit infestation rates were higher in Chiapas than in Veracruz, with A. obliqua again being the most conspicuous species emerging from collected fruits. The diversity of parasitoids species attacking fruit fly larvae was greater in Chiapas, with a predominance of Doryctobracon areolatus (Szépligeti) in both sites, although the exotic Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead) was well established in Chiapas. Fruit size was positively correlated with the number of larvae per fruit, but this relationship was not observed in the level of parasitism. The number of oviposition scars was not related to the number of immature parasitoids inside the pupa of D. areolatus emerging from plum fruits. Mass releases of Di. longicaudata seem not to affect the presence or prevalence of the native species. Our findings open new research scenarios on the role and impact of native parasitoid species attacking Anastrepha flies that can contribute to the development of sound strategies for using these species in projects for augmentative biological control. © The Authors 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  17. Hábitat y distribución de cinco especies de Quercus (Fagaceae) en la Meseta Central de Chiapas, México

    OpenAIRE

    J.G. Alvarez-Moctezuma; Ochoa-Gaona, S.; J. de Jong, B H; Soto-Pinto, M L

    2015-01-01

    We describe the habitat ofspecies within .the Fagaceae subgenus Lepidobalanus (genus Quercus) and identify environmental variables relatedto their distribution in the Meseta Central of Chiapas, Southern Mexico. In 258 plots adortúnance index was used, combining tree density arid crown cover, for Quercus peduncularis, Q. polymorpha,Q. rugosa, Q. sebifera and Q.segoviensis. The following variables were measmed:. altitude, pre' cipitatioh from November through April (PPNA), exposure, slope, fuel...

  18. Una Normal y un Método. La iniciativa de Fray Matías de Córdova en Chiapas (1828

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morelos Torres Aguilar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El art culo es producto de una investigaci n m s amplia sobre las iniciativas de ense anza que fueron realizadas en el Estado de Chiapas, en M xico, durante el siglo XIX, y se centra en la idea que dio origen a la Escuela Normal de Ense anza Primaria, fundada en Ciudad Real por fray Mat as de C rdova en 1828. El principal objetivo de la investigaci n consiste en conocer, describir, analizar y comprender las principales caracter sticas de esta instituci n, as como el m todo de lectoescritura inventado por su fundador, el cual fue aplicado con xito en la misma. Un segundo prop sito consiste en contextualizar dicha escuela normal respecto a otras que surgieron en M xico durante el mismo per odo, como la de Oaxaca o Zacatecas. Por ltimo, se pretende relacionar esta iniciativa con las tendencias educativas de la poca, en particular con la Escuela Lancasteriana, y asimismo analizar su trascendencia. El m todo utilizado consisti en una UHYLVLyQ GRFXPHQWDO ELEOLRJUi FD \\ KHPHURJUi FD VREUH HO WHPD FRQ HO PDUFR te rico de la historia institucional, la nueva historia de las ideas pedag gicas -a partir del planteamiento de Antonio Novoa-, y un modelo hermen utico que permiti profundizar en las caracter sticas de la primera Normal de Chiapas. A partir de la investigaci n se puede concluir que aunque la Normal solo funcion durante un corto tiempo, el m todo de ense anza de Mat as de C rdova que le dio fundamento tuvo una amplia trascendencia, pues se sigui empleando a lo largo del siglo XIX e incluso a principios del XX, tanto en el Estado de Chiapas como en otros lugares de M xico. De esta manera, la investigaci n aporta conocimientos relevantes sobre la historia de la educaci n en el Estado de Chiapas en la primera mitad del siglo XIX.

  19. San Language Development for Education in South Africa: The South African San Institute and the San Language Committees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pamo, Billies

    2011-01-01

    This article focuses on the 3 San communities in South Africa: the !Xun, the Khwe, and the [image omitted]Khomani San. The !Xun and Khwe communities are living in Platfontein, near Kimberley in the Northern Cape. The [image omitted]Khomani San community is living in Upington and in the southern Kalahari, which are also in the Northern Cape. This…

  20. San Jorge, el primer rejoneador

    OpenAIRE

    Mandianes Castro, Manuel

    2008-01-01

    Las proezas de Jorge son una réplica de las de Santiago. Este luchó y venció las serpientes que habitaban Galicia para entrar allí y convertirla al cristianismo. San Jorge venció al monstruo del lago, y el rey y los habitantes de Silca se convirtieron a Cristo. Santiago ganó el nombre de Matamoros y de soldado de Cristo por excelencia porque, montado en su caballo blanco, venció en 1.000 batallas a los moros al frente de los cristianos. San Jorge venció a los sarracenos y conquistó Jerusalén ...

  1. Vegetation - San Felipe Valley [ds172

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — This Vegetation Map of the San Felipe Valley Wildlife Area in San Diego County, California is based on vegetation samples collected in the field in 2002 and 2005 and...

  2. El estudio de las percepciones de la gestión de la calidad del agua, una herramienta para fortalecer la participación pública en la microcuenca del río Fogótico, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mara Cristina Benez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Existen diferencias en las percepciones de los grupos sociales del tipo "político", "institucional" y "usuarios del agua" acerca de la gestión actual de la calidad del agua y la esperada a futuro, en la microcuenca del río Fogótico en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas. El objetivo del presente artículo es mostrar estas discrepancias. Los resultados de la investigación, fundamentada en herramientas cualitativas, permitieron identificar la relación de dichos grupos con la desarticulación y omisión de acciones por parte de las autoridades responsables del manejo del agua, el marco legal en la materia, la organización de la comunidad y las cuestiones de género que también influyen. Lo anterior llevó a reflexionar sobre la contribución potencial de los estudios sobre las percepciones acerca del medio ambiente para la gestión de cuencas hidrográficas y la participación pública.

  3. The San Bernabe power substation; La subestacion San Bernabe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chavez Sanudo, Andres D. [Luz y Fuerza del Centro, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1997-12-31

    The first planning studies that gave rise to the San Bernabe substation go back to year 1985. The main circumstance that supports this decision is the gradual restriction for electric power generation that has been suffering the Miguel Aleman Hydro System, until its complete disappearance, to give priority to the potable water supply through the Cutzamala pumping system, that feeds in an important way Mexico City and the State of Mexico. In this document the author describes the construction project of the San Bernabe Substation; mention is made of the technological experiences obtained during the construction and its geographical location is shown, as well as the one line diagram of the same [Espanol] Los primeros estudios de planeacion que dieron origen a la subestacion San Bernabe se remontan al ano de 1985. La circunstancia principal que soporta esta decision es la restriccion paulatina para generar energia que ha venido experimentando el Sistema Hidroelectrico Miguel Aleman, hasta su desaparicion total, para dar prioridad al suministro de agua potable por medio del sistema de bombeo Cutzamala, que alimenta en forma importante a la Ciudad de Mexico y al Estado de Mexico. En este documento el autor describe el proyecto de construccion de la subestacion San Bernabe; se mencionan las experiencias tecnologicas obtenidas durante su construccion y se ilustra su ubicacion geografica, asi como un diagrama unifilar de la misma

  4. 76 FR 45693 - Safety Zone; San Diego POPS Fireworks, San Diego, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; San Diego POPS Fireworks, San Diego, CA... temporary safety zone on the navigable waters of San Diego Bay in support of the San Diego POPS Fireworks..., participating vessels, and other vessels and users of the waterway during scheduled fireworks events. Persons...

  5. 27 CFR 9.157 - San Francisco Bay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., San Mateo, Santa Clara, Alameda, and Contra Costa, which border the San Francisco Bay. The area also... proceed along the San Francisco, San Mateo, and Santa Cruz County shoreline (across the Quadrangles of San... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false San Francisco Bay. 9.157...

  6. La atención del parto en Chiapas, México: ¿dónde y quién los atiende Childbirth in Chiapas, Mexico: who provides delivery care and where?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Javier Sánchez-Pérez

    1998-11-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Identificar el sitio y el agente de atención del parto; analizar el agente de atención del parto según la atención prenatal (AP y factores sociodemográficos; identificar grupos con menor y mayor probabilidad de recibir atención por parte del personal de los servicios de salud; identificar los motivos de no atenderse en la unidad de salud más cercana al domicilio. Material y métodos. Se analizan datos sobre la atención del parto en 297 mujeres de la Región Fraylesca (Chiapas, usando modelos logit para la identificación de grupos. Resultados. El 32% de los partos ocurrieron en instituciones de salud, y 60%, en el hogar (mayoritariamente en condiciones higiénico-sanitarias desfavorables. Sólo 10% del grupo de mujeres con menos de cinco consultas de AP, una escolaridad menor al tercero de primaria y un jefe de hogar dedicado a labores agropecuarias, fue atendido por personal de salud. Conclusiones. Es necesario mejorar la cobertura, la aceptabilidad y la calidad de los servicios de salud e instrumentar un programa dirigido a incrementar el número de partos en condiciones higiénico-sanitarias adecuadas.Objective. To identify the place and provider of delivery care; to analyse the relationship between the type of delivery care provider and prenatal care and sociodemographic factors; to identify groups with greater and lesser probability of receiving attention at health centers and to identify the reasons for not attending the health center nearest to the household. Material and methods. Data on the delivery care of 297 women of La Fraylesca Region, Chiapas, were gathered using multivariate logit models to identify groups. Results. From the total, 32% of childbirths occurred at health centers and 60% at home (mostly with poor sanitary conditions. Only 10% of women with less than 5 prenatal visits, school level under 3 years and whose household head was a peasant were attended by health care personnel. Conclusions. The

  7. Evaluación del subregistro de la mortalidad materna en Los Altos de Chiapas mediante las estrategias RAMOS y RAMOS modificada Assessment of maternal mortality underreporting in Los Altos de Chiapas using RAMOS and RAMOS modified methods.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graciela Freyermuth-Enciso

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Evaluar el subregistro de la mortalidad materna en Los Altos de Chiapas y reconocer la utilidad de la estrategia RAMOS modificada implementada por la Secretaría de Salud. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Identificación de la totalidad de las defunciones de mujeres en edad fecunda (método RAMOS y realización de autopsias verbales. RESULTADOS: Las autopsias verbales muestran el subregistro de 19 defunciones maternas. La estrategia RAMOS modificada que desarrolló la Secretaría de Salud sólo habría permitido identificar la ocurrencia de ocho de éstas. CONCLUSIÓN: Los resultados señalan el mejoramiento de la calidad de la certificación de la causa de muerte como una prioridad para la disminución del subregistro de la mortalidad materna; de igual forma, sugieren la necesidad de evitar que los programas gubernamentales destinados a determinar la distribución de recursos financieros o de otro tipo se conviertan en posibles incentivos para la omisión de la ocurrencia de defunciones maternas.OBJETIVES: To evaluate underreporting of maternal mortality in Los Altos de Chiapas and to compare the results of this study against the RAMOS modified program conducted by the Ministry of Health. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A survey of all deaths of reproductive-aged women was carried out, followed by verbal autopsy interviews. RESULTS: A total of 226 deaths of reproductive-aged women were identified and 190 verbal autopsies were carried out. Verbal autopsies showed an underreporting of 19 maternal deaths. The method used by the Ministry of Health would have led to the detection of only eight out of these 19 deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Results of this study emphasize the urgency to improve the quality of cause of death certification in order to reduce maternal mortality underreporting. They also suggest the need to prevent government programs that allocate financial resources from creating incentives for concealing maternal deaths.

  8. Daño al ADN en mujeres expuestas al humo de la leña en Chiapas, México DNA damage in women exposed to firewod fuel smoke , in Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crispín Herrera-Portugal

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Actualmente alrededor de la cuarta parte de la población mexicana, entre 25 y 28 millones de habitantes, cocina con leña, Sin embargo, el humo de la leña contiene una amplia gama de sustancias tóxicas, entre ellas el monóxido de carbono (CO cuyo impacto en la salud de la población rural debe ser estudiado. Por esto, el potencial daño al ADN asociado con la exposición a CO de 30 mujeres que cocinaban con leña en Chiapas, México, fue evaluado por el ensayo cometa. Los resultados se compararon con 30 controles comparables en edad y condiciones socioeconómicas, quienes cocinaban con gas licuado de petróleo (GLP. Se obtuvieron muestras de sangre total para medir carboxihemoglobina (COHb y llevar a cabo el ensayo cometa. Se encontró diferencia significativa (PCurrently, about a quarter of the Mexican population, between 25 and 28 million people, cook with firewood. However, wood smoke contains a wide range of toxic substances, including carbon monoxide (CO whose impact on health of the rural population should be studied. Therefore, the potential DNA damage associated with the exposition to CO of 30 women who cooked with wood in Chiapas, Mexico, was assessed using Comet Assay. Results were compared with 30 controls of similar age and socioeconomic status, who cooked with liquefied petroleum gas (LPG. We obtained whole blood samples to measure carboxyhemoglobin (% COHb and perform the comet assay. There was a significant difference (P <0.001 in the percentages of COHb between women who cooked with wood (mean= 6.6% and those who did it with LPG (mean=1.8% being 3.6 times higher in the former compared with the latter. There was a significant difference in comet tail length between the two groups examined (mean 18.5 +/- 4.21 versus 5.97 +/- 1.0 μm, P <0.001 and tail moment (mean 4.55 +/- 1.5 versus 1.5 +/- 0.40, P <0.001. The results of this study strongly suggest that exposure to carbon monoxide and compounds present in wood smoke can cause

  9. Respuesta de Anopheles albimanus a compuestos volátiles de casas del sur de Chiapas, México Behavioral response of Anopheles albimanus to volatile compounds collected inside houses from the south of Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvany Mayoly Ríos-Delgado

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar el efecto de los compuestos volátiles en las casas sobre la respuesta conductual del vector del paludismo Anopheles albimanus. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: El estudio se realizó en enero de 2006 en el ejido Nueva Independencia, municipio de Suchiate, Chiapas. Se colectaron compuestos volátiles dentro de casas y los extractos se probaron sobre hembras sin alimentar en un olfatómetro en "Y". Los extractos se analizaron mediante cromatografía de gases-espectrometría de masas (CG-EM. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvieron 28 extractos, 12 presentaron respuesta de atracción y dos de repelencia. Los análisis por CG-EM indicaron variación en la presencia de compuestos volátiles y no se vincularon con compuestos específicos indicativos de algún efecto. CONCLUSIONES: Los volátiles en casas presentaron efecto de atracción y repelencia para An. albimanus. No se reconoció un patrón definido en cuanto a la presencia de compuestos químicos característicos y la respuesta obtenida.OBJECTIVE: To determine effects of volatile compounds in homes on the behavioral response of Anopheles albimanus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in January 2006, in the village of Nueva Independencia village, Suchiate, Chiapas. Volatile compounds were collected inside homes and the extracts were tested on unfed females in a Y-olfactometer. Extracts were analyzed in a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry system (GC-MS. RESULTS: Twenty eight extracts were obtained, twelve presented attraction and two repellency responses. GC-MS analyses of the extracts indicated variation in the volatile compound present in the extracts, but could not associated specific compounds with any particular effect. CONCLUSIONS: Within homes, volatiles presented attraction and repellency responses to An. albimanus. A definate pattern concerning the presence of a characteristic chemical compound and the observed response was not found.

  10. Percepciones y prácticas relacionadas con la tuberculosis y la adherencia al tratamiento en Chiapas, México Perceptions and practices of tuberculosis patients and non-adherence to therapy in Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guadalupe del Carmen Alvarez-Gordillo

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Conocer las percepciones y prácticas que los enfermos de tuberculosis tienen sobre la enfermedad y la adherencia al tratamiento. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio cualitativo de 11 entrevistas grupales a 62 pacientes con tuberculosis diagnosticados durante 1997 y 1998 en las regiones Centro, Los Altos y Fronteriza de Chiapas, México. RESULTADOS: Las causas de la enfermedad referidas por los pacientes fueron el contagio por trastes, el trabajo excesivo, la alimentación, el frío y otras sin relación con la transmisión de persona a persona. La incapacidad para el trabajo se reflejó en crisis económica del paciente y su familia. El estigma social impactó emocionalmente en la vida personal, familiar, laboral y de comunidad. CONCLUSIONES: El desconocimiento sobre la enfermedad propició la elección de diferentes alternativas para su atención. Los servicios de salud y la inadecuada relación médico-paciente influyó en el retardo en el diagnóstico y falta de adherencia al tratamiento. Se sugiere un programa de difusión sobre aspectos básicos de la enfermedad y su tratamiento.OBJECTIVE: To identify health perceptions and practices and non-adherence to therapy among tuberculosis patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Qualitative research work consisting of 11 group interviews with 62 tuberculosis patients during 1997-1998 in the Central, Highlands, and Border Regions of Chiapas, Mexico. RESULTS: Perceived causes of tuberculosis included contagion via food utensils, excess work, malnutrition, and cold, as well as other causes unrelated to person-to-person contagion. The resulting incapability to work resulted in an economic crisis for both the patients and their family members. As a result of the social stigma imposed by the disease, patients perceived a negative impact on their personal life, family, work, and community. CONCLUSIONS: Lack of knowledge regarding tuberculosis is an important factor in the selection of and adherence to

  11. EFECTOS PSICOSOCIALES Y CULTURALES DEL DESPLAZAMIENTO. MARTHA NUBIA BELLO, ELENA MARTÍN CARDINAL Y FERNANDO JIOVANI ARIAS (EDITORES. UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE COLOMBIA, DIVISIÓN DE EXTENSIÓN: PIUPC; SANTAFE DE BOGOTÁ, 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Lima

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available A través de los editores, Martha Nubia Bello, Elena Martín Cardinal y Fernando Jiovani Arias, varios autorizados/as autores/as nos entregan interesantes artículos, sobre los efectos psicosociales y culturales del Desplazamiento forzado en Colombia.

  12. Gerard Vilar, Fernando Golvano, Mikel Iriondo, Miguel Salmerón, Aitor Aurrekoetxea, Xabier Insausti Prismas críticos. Lecturas sobre Theodor W. Adorno Editorial Comares, Granada, 2015 ISBN: 978-84-9045-372-8

    OpenAIRE

    Collado, Inmaculada

    2016-01-01

    Es reseña de: Gerard Vilar, Fernando Golvano, Mikel Iriondo, Miguel Salmerón, Aitor Aurrekoetxea, Xabier Insausti Prismas críticos. Lecturas sobre Theodor W. Adorno Editorial Comares, Granada, 2015 ISBN: 978-84-9045-372-8

  13. Ética e ingeniería: Fernando Sáez Vacas, "Más allá de Internet" y Javier del Arco, "Ética en la sociedad red"

    OpenAIRE

    Echeverría Ezponda, Javier

    2006-01-01

    Crítica de los libros: Fernando Sáez Vacas, "Más allá de Internet: la Red Universal Digital"; Madrid: Centro de Estudios Ramón Areces, 2004 y Javier del Arco, "Elementos de Ética para la Sociedad Red"; Madrid: Fundación Vodafone y Dykinson, 2004.

  14. Convair Astronautics, San Diego (California

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pereira & Luckmam, Arquitectos

    1960-05-01

    Full Text Available Este brillante y espectacular complejo industrial se ha creado especialmente para la investigación y fabricación de cohetes intercontinentales y vehículos del espacio de las Fuerzas Aéreas de los EE. UU., en las proximidades de San Diego y cerca del campo de pruebas de Sycamore Canyon.

  15. ASTER Flyby of San Francisco

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    The Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection radiometer, ASTER, is an international project: the instrument was supplied by Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry. A joint US/Japan science team developed algorithms for science data products, and is validating instrument performance. With its 14 spectral bands, extremely high spatial resolution, and 15 meter along-track stereo capability, ASTER is the zoom lens of the Terra satellite. The primary mission goals are to characterize the Earth's surface; and to monitor dynamic events and processes that influence habitability at human scales. ASTER's monitoring and mapping capabilities are illustrated by this series of images of the San Francisco area. The visible and near infrared image reveals suspended sediment in the bays, vegetation health, and details of the urban environment. Flying over San Francisco (3.2MB) (high-res (18.3MB)), we see the downtown, and shadows of the large buildings. Past the Golden Gate Bridge and Alcatraz Island, we cross San Pablo Bay and enter Suisun Bay. Turning south, we fly over the Berkeley and Oakland Hills. Large salt evaporation ponds come into view at the south end of San Francisco Bay. We turn northward, and approach San Francisco Airport. Rather than landing and ending our flight, we see this is as only the beginning of a 6 year mission to better understand the habitability of the world on which we live. For more information: ASTER images through Visible Earth ASTER Web Site Image courtesy of MITI, ERSDAC, JAROS, and the U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team

  16. “El colonialismo como clave”. Discurso africano y transición española en la obra de Fernando González

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elmar Schmidt

    2015-01-01

    The Spanish transition to democracy after Franco’s death constitutes a decisive moment for the formation of new and heterogeneous discourses on Africa. Correspondingly, the journalist and writer Fernando González (1939-80 proposes new reflections about the place of Africa, especially Morocco, in the cultural imaginary and collective memory. In his articles, he investigates the continent’s postcolonial situation and the Spanish-Maghrebian relations. In his essay Liturgias para un caudillo (1977, he emphasizes the importance of colonialist ways of thinking for an understanding of the ideology, structures and ‘Africanist’ rituality of the Francoist system. In his novel Kábila (1980, he describes the Rif War as well the Spanish Civil War from the perspective of a Moroccan soldier. He applies a strategy of double codification to deconstruct the Francoist versions of history that were still perpetuated during the transition.

  17. Báez, Fernando (2013, Los primeros libros de la Humanidad: el mundo antes de la imprenta y el libro electrónico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Sequeiros

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Los primeros libros de la Humanidad: el mundo antes de la imprenta y el libro electrónico, de Fernando Báez, lançado no final de 2013 pela editora Fórcola no Estado espanhol, é a mais recente monografia do autor dedicado ao combate à destruição de bibliotecas históricas e livros raros, parte do património bibliográfico mundial. Nascido na Venezuela em 1963, licenciado em História e doutorado em Ciências da Informação e Bibliotecas, Báez ganha particular notoriedade internacional com a Históri...

  18. Concentration of Inorganic Elements Content in Benthic Seaweeds of Fernando de Noronha Archipelago by Synchrotron Radiation Total Reflection X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis (SRTXRF)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Leandro De Santis; Lopes, Rosana Peporine; Ulbrich, Mabel Norma Costas; Guaratini, Thais; Colepicolo, Pio; Lopes, Norberto Peporine; Garla, Ricardo Clapis; Oliveira Filho, Eurico Cabral; Pohlit, Adrian Martin; Zucchi, Orghêda Luiza Araújo Domingues

    2012-01-01

    SRTXRF was used to determine As, Ba, Br, Ca, Co, Cr, Cs, Cu, Dy, Fe, K, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Rb, Sr, Ti, V, and Zn in eleven seaweed species commonly found in Fernando de Noronha: Caulerpa verticillata (J. Agardh) (Chlorophyta), Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile), Dictyurus occidentalis (J. Agardh), Galaxaura rugosa (J. Ellis & Solander) J. V. Lamouroux, G. obtusata (J. Ellis & Solander) J. V. Lamouroux, G. marginata (J. Ellis & Solander) J. V. Lamouroux (Rhodophyta), Dictyota cervicornis (Kützing), Dictyopteris justii (J. V. Lamouroux), Dictyopteris plagiogramma (Montagne) Vickers, Padina gymnospora (Kützing) Sonder, and a Sargassum sp. (Phaeophyta). Data obtained were compared to those from the analysis of other parts of the world seaweeds using different analytical techniques and were found to be in general agreement in terms of major and minor elemental components. Results provide baseline information about the absorption and accumulation of these elements by macroalgae in the area. PMID:22505917

  19. O entrelugar da experimentação no romance latinoamericano contemporâneo: Manuel Puig e Caio Fernando Abreu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanderlan da Silva Alves

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We analyze the speech and forms of narrative experimentation developed by Manuel Puig and Caio Fernando Abreu in Boquitas pintadas and Onde andará Dulce Veiga? from the notion of interplace. Such a place, unstable and marked by symbolic exchanges, allows us to think, in both novels, about the conditions under which subjective experiences and aesthetic are triggered. By presenting themselves as possible in the context in which such works are produced, marked by the excess of information, the publishing of market demands, the cultural industry determinations, and by the dialogue with mass culture and a massive and diversified public. Whenever it is possible, such considerations extend even to determined experimentalist literary production, developed in Latin America, between the 70s and 90s approximately.

  20. La utopía moral de un héroe político-cristiano : el Tomás Moro de Fernando de Herrera

    OpenAIRE

    Neumeister, Sebastian

    2009-01-01

    Fernando de Herrera dedica a Tomás Moro, canciller de Enrique VIII de Inglaterra y defensor de la Iglesia, una biografía al parecer muy heterogénea, una veces detallada, otras más bien general. El texto se sitúa entre los géneros de la historiografía y de la hagiografía, disponiendo la vida del protagonista en forma semidramática, como en un «Teatro de la Tragedia». La narración exacta de los hechos históricos y los largos comentarios morales se combinan de tal manera que resulta un texto lit...

  1. The Fernando Henrique Cardoso (FHC) and Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (Lula) governments and the policy for the civil servant workforce of the Brazilian government

    OpenAIRE

    Costa, Nilson do Rosario; Lamarca, Isabel

    2013-01-01

    O artigo analisa a configuração da força de trabalho civil ativa do governo central brasileiro nos mandatos de Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1995-2002) e de Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (2003-2010). O artigo associa a condição da força de trabalho do governo central brasileiro às mudanças na coalizão governamental. A residual participação do Ministério da Saúde (MS) na prestação direta de serviços públicos influenciou na trajetória declinante da força de trabalho federal. A implantação do SUS foi f...

  2. Origen y formación de una villa de repoblación. Benavente durante los reinados de Fernando II y Alfonso IX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael GONZÁLEZ RODRÍGUEZ

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Durante los reinados de Fernando II y Alfonso IX asistimos a un ambicioso proyecto de repoblación urbana, coincidiendo con el período de separación política entre los reinos de León y Castilla. Este proceso tuvo como resultado el establecimiento de nuevas villas, en buena parte de los casos herederas de los antiguos "castros" y "castellos" altomedievales. La repoblación de Benavente, inscrita dentro de este contexto histórico, se realizó a partir de un núcleo preurbano anterior: el "castrum" de Malgrad, organizando un vasto territorio que se extendía por buena parte del norte de la actual provincia de Zamora, configurándose así como uno de los concejos más extensos al norte del río Duero.ABSTRACT: During the reigns of King Fernando II and King Alfonso IX we witness an ambitious initiative of urban repopulation, coinciding with the period of political separation between the Kingdoms of Castile and León. This process resulted in the establishment of new villages, in many cases originating from ancient "castros" and "castellos" from the high Middle Ages. The repopulation of Benavente, integrated in this historical context, was formed from a previous pre—urban nucleus: the "castrum" of Malgrad, organizing a vast territory that extended mainly in the northern part of fhc present province of Zamora, establishing itself as one of the most extensive councils to the north of the Duero River.

  3. Producción y consumo de mercancías turísticas en los Altos de Chiapas

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    Eugenia Bayona Escat

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad, los circuitos comerciales de las mercancías se han extendido a lo largo del planeta y los objetos que consideramos de facturación local se hallan insertados en un circuito comercial que se expande entre lo local y global. Sin embargo, lo característico de este proceso económico es que muchos de estos objetos se asocian a señas distintivas locales. El turismo es un contexto idóneo para analizar este tránsito de mercancías globales que se presentan con señas distintivas particulares e incitan al viajero a su compra para memorizar sus experiencias viajeras y autentificar su estancia. El texto analiza una zona turística que comercializa con la cultura indígena, la región Altos Tzotzil-Tzeltal de Chiapas (México, y examina cómo las mercancías turísticas que provienen de diversos orígenes se autentifican como locales, al mismo tiempo que indaga en las diferentes estrategias de comercialización que los productores y vendedores locales efectúan para incorporarse a la arena turística.

  4. Embarazo no deseado en población indígena y mestiza de asentamientos urbanos marginales de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvatierra Izaba, Benito

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Estimar la frecuencia del embarazo no deseado en parejas residentes de áreas marginales urbanas, así como las diferencias en magnitud y factores explicativos en indígenas y mestizos. Material y métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal en 15 asentamientos urbanos marginales de Chiapas. La muestra incluyó a mujeres en edad reproductiva recientemente embarazadas (n=230. Se estimó la frecuencia de embarazos no deseados a partir del reporte del sentimiento y reacción de las mujeres embarazadas y de su cónyuge frente al diagnóstico del embarazo. Se realizó análisis bivariado y multivariado. Resultados. Más del 80.0% de las mujeres dijeron conocer y haber usado métodos anticonceptivos, pero solamente 49.6% de los embarazos fue deseado por ambos padres; 11.2% fue rechazado por ambos y en el resto hubo indiferencia o discordancia en la pareja, con diferencias en la magnitud y momento del ciclo de vida en mujeres mestizas e indígenas. Conclusiones. Es necesario considerar el embarazo no deseado como un problema de salud pública que adquiere diferente magnitud y características en la población indígena y mestiza.

  5. El carácter fronterizo de las identidades contemporáneas. El caso de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moisés Esteban Guitart

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La tesis o hipótesis que se sostiene en el artículo es que la puesta en relación de formas explícitas e implícitas de vida compartida en las sociedades contemporáneas conlleva el auge de identidades híbridas, múltiples o complejas. Entendiendo por identidades híbridas la confluencia de múltiples identificaciones en la biografía personal. Siendo la globalización y la pluralización cultural las formas fundamentales de la sociedad contemporánea, la movilidad se convierte en su principal ingrediente. Se describe la presencia de distintos elementos culturales conformadores de identidad en Chiapas. Internet, la emigración a Estados Unidos o el Tratado de Libre Comercio entre México, Estados Unidos y Canadá se hibrida con la heterogeneidad identitaria (religiosa, étnica, lingüística existente en el territorio. Se discute el carácter híbrido de las sociedades contemporáneas y las consecuencias sociales y políticas que conlleva.

  6. The effects of human land use on flow regime and water chemistry of headwater streams in the highlands of Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castillo M.M.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available We studied the effects of land use changes on flow regime and water chemistry of headwater streams in the highlands of Chiapas, a region in southern Mexico that has experienced high rates of deforestation in the last decades. Samples for water chemistry were collected and discharge was measured between September 2007 and August 2008 at eight streams that differed in the land uses of their riparian and catchment areas, including streams draining protected forested areas. Streams with high forest cover (>70% in their catchments maintained flow through the year. Streams draining more disturbed catchments exhibited reduced or no flow for 4 − 6 months during the dry season. Nitrate concentrations were lower at streams draining forested catchments while highest concentrations were measured where conventional agriculture covered a high proportion of the catchment and riparian zone. Highest phosphorus concentrations occurred at the catchment where poultry manure was applied as fertilizer. Differences between forest streams and those draining disturbed areas were correlated with the proportion of forest and agriculture in the riparian zone. Variation in stream variables among sampling dates was lower at the forest sites than at the more disturbed study streams. Conversion of forest into agriculture and urban areas is affecting flow regime and increasing nutrient concentrations, although the magnitude of the impacts are influenced by the type of agricultural practices and the alteration of the riparian zone.

  7. Building ties: social capital network analysis of a forest community in a biosphere reserve in Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Rico García-Amado

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Governance of the commons depends on the capacity to generate collective action. Networks and rules that foster that collective action have been defined as social capital. However, their causal link is still not fully understood. We use social network analysis to assess social capital, decision-making, and collective action in a forest-based common pool resource management in La Sepultura Biosphere Reserve (Chiapas, Mexico. Our research analyzes the productive networks and the evolution of coffee groups in one community. The network shows some centrality, with richer landholders tending to occupy core positions and poorer landless peasants occupying peripheral ones. This has fostered the community's environmentally oriented development but has also caused internal conflicts. Market requirements have shaped different but complementary productive networks, where organic coffee commercialization is the main source of bridging ties, which has resulted in more connectivity and resilience. Conservation attitudes, along with the institutional setting of the community, have promoted collective action. The unresolved conflicts, however, still leave some concerns about governance in the future.

  8. Conformación histórica de la región del Soconusco, Chiapas

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    Araceli Damián

    1988-09-01

    Full Text Available El interés de este artículo es presentar los aspectos históricos más importantes que han dado como resultado la conformación y consolidación de la región del Soconusco en el estado de Chiapas. Este trabajo parte de una ubicación en términos territoriales y geográficos para pasar posteriormente al análisis de su desarrollo como región y sus vínculos con Guatemala. Intenta ubicar la participación de los distintos agentes involucrados en este proceso y distinguir cómo han respondido a los distintos cambios que se han dado, cuáles han sido los principales elementos que han permitido identificar a la zona como una región y cuáles han sido las principales repercusiones que ha tenido todo ello dentro de la organización social. Los procesos demográficos de esta región están ligados con las migraciones temporales de trabajadores hacia la zona haciendo resaltar la estrecha relación que guarda con Centroamérica, especialmente con Guatemala.

  9. Cambio social y movimientos de población en la región fronteriza de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Luis Cruz Burguete

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Entre los principales centros urbanos del área fronteriza del sur de México y Guatemala, destacan las ciudades de Comitán y Las Margaritas en el estado de Chiapas, convertidas en receptoras de la población indígena que fue desplazada a partir de 1994. Presumiblemente, dicha población se ha incrementado hasta en un 40% a raíz del levantamiento zapatista, tanto por quienes llegaron a las ciudades como por los que ya habitaban ahí y ahora aceptan abiertamente hablar lenguas mayences. Entre los factores que explican los movimientos poblacionales de la región, destacan los procesos de colonización y lucha por la tierra, las expulsiones de familias campesinas por su afiliación religiosa, y los conflictos políticos y militares. El presente artículo es un intento de reflexión y exposición de datos preliminares acerca de los desplazados, resultado de un proyecto de investigación que se está desarrollando en las ciudades de Comitán y Las Margaritas, dentro del programa institucional de El Colegio de la Frontera Sur.

  10. Pequeños productores, reestructuración y expansión de la palma africana en Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor B. Fletes Ocón

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto del dinamismo y contradicciones del sector agroalimentario, en la actualidad los pequeños productores son impulsados a emprender una reestructuración de sus prácticas productivas, a través de la plantación de cultivos orientados a biocombustibles, como el de la palma africana. En este artículo se analizan los procesos de reestructuración productiva, promovida por corpora-ciones de distinto origen y por el Estado, y las acciones realizadas por pequeños productores en un municipio con alta marginación, localizado en una región agroexportadora de Chiapas. Se revisan las contradicciones sociales y ambientales de este cambio y sus implicaciones a futuro, en términos del desarrollo agrícola y alimentario nacional. La expansión de este cultivo acentúa las desigualdades sociales, degrada los recursos naturales, utiliza mucha energía fósil, impulsa la concentración de la tierra, debilita los sistemas locales de provisión de alimentos y reduce los márgenes del valor generado en la cadena agroalimentaria para los pequeños productores.

  11. Comparative cytogenetics of two species of ground skinks: Scincella assata and S. cherriei (Squamata: Scincidae: Lygosominae from Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riccardo Castiglia

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Standard karyotypes of two species of the genus Scincella, S. assata and S. cherriei, both from Chiapas State, Mexico, were described for the first time. The diploid chromosome number was 28 in S. assata, whereas 30 in S. cherriei. The karyotypes of the two species, while differing in the number of microchromosomes, 14-15 in S. assata and 16-17 in S. cherriei, share four pairs of large metacentric, two pairs of medium-sized metacentric, and one particular pair (number 7 of chromosomes. Female S. assata carries chromosome pair 7 composed of two identical medium-sized subtelocentric chromosomes. This chromosome pair is heteromorphic in males of both species, i.e., one component of the pair is similar to the homomorphic chromosomes 7 of the S. assata female, while the other is nearly one-half the size of its counterpart and resembles a microchromosome. The homology of such externally different elements is deducted from the presence of an asymmetric bivalent in spermatocytes at diplotene-diakinesis. Female S. cherriei was not available. We suspect that the two Scincella species possess an XY sex determination system, as previously reported for the North American congeneric species, S. lateralis.

  12. Social inequalities and health in rural Chiapas, Mexico: agricultural economy, nutrition, and child health in La Fraylesca Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ochoa-Díaz López Héctor

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to investigate the association between farmers' socioeconomic conditions and their children's health in La Fraylesca, Chiapas. Data were collected using a cross-sectional survey of 1046 households (5546 individuals sampled from locations in two counties situated in the study area. The survey included anthropometric measurements, a 24-hour dietary recall, stool tests, and childhood mortality data. Children of private farmers and "wealthy peasants" displayed better nutritional status, higher quality diet, lower prevalence of intestinal parasites, and a lower risk of dying than those whose parents were communal farmers, from ejidos, or "poor peasants". The results suggest that using volume of maize production as a classification method proved more valuable than land tenure to identify agricultural groups with different health status. It appears that the main determinants of health differentials are structural inequities in resource distribution. Thus, the impact of medical interventions on inequalities will be limited unless they are accompanied by redistribution of resources.

  13. Hazard estimates for El Chichón volcano, Chiapas, México: a statistical approach for complex eruptive histories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendoza-Rosas, A. T.; de La Cruz-Reyna, S.

    2010-06-01

    The El Chichón volcano (Chiapas, México) most recent eruption occurred in 1982 causing the worst volcanic disaster in the recorded history of Mexico. Prior to the eruption, El Chichón volcano was not considered a very hazardous volcano, a perception mostly caused by the low eruption rate of the past eruptions. The correct assessment of volcanic hazard is the first step to prevent a disaster. In this paper, we analyze two periods of the reported eruptive history of El Chichón volcano during the Holocene, searching for the eruption rates of different VEI magnitude categories and testing their time dependence. One period accounting the eruptions of the last 3707 years before the last eruption (BLE) is assumed to be complete, with no missing relevant events. More scarce information of a period extending to 7772 years BLE is then added. We then apply the Non-Homogeneous Generalized Pareto-Poisson Process (NHGPPP), and the Mixture of Exponentials Distribution (MOED) methods to estimate the volcanic hazard of El Chichón considering both periods. The results are compared with the probabilities obtained from the homogeneous Poisson and Weibull distributions. In this case the MOED and the Weibull distribution are rather insensitive to the inclusion of the extended period. In contrast, the NHGPPP is strongly influenced by the extended period.

  14. Derecho a la educación y autonomía zapatista en Chiapas, México

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    Bruno Baronnet

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Distintas prácticas políticas de educación de los pueblos indígenas de Las Cañadas de Ocosingo, en Chiapas, están analizadas aquí a partir de un enfoque sociológico. La experiencia zapatista de autonomía aporta una demostración del cuestionamiento profundo de la política de educación del Estado nación. Los proyectos de educación de los pueblos indígenas que pertenecen a los municipios zapatistas desafían las prácticas institucionalizadas de los actores dominantes en este campo en México, y en el contexto latinoamericano de las luchas de los pueblos originarios para cambiar la normatividad de las políticas educativas. Además, la experiencia zapatista en la región de las tierras recuperadas de la Selva Lacandona pone en tela de juicio las limitaciones del proyecto nacional heredado de teorías y prácticas del indigenismo mexicano que hoy están inmersas en los discursos del multiculturalismo neoliberal, en los cuales se elude la cuestión social de la autonomía política.

  15. Participación campesina en el mercado global de café. cafeticultores organizados en Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladys Karina Sánchez Juárez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Con el proceso de globalización económica se observaron efectos importantes en el sector agroalimentario, uno de los más importantes fue la predominancia que tienen ahora las empresas multinacionales en este sector, aún en los siste - mas alternativos como la agricultura orgánica y el comercio justo. Sin embar - go, para los campesinos organizados que producen café orgánico y participan en el comercio justo, se resisten a abandonar esta estrategia productiva porque es una vía para subsistir y mantener así su sistema de reproducción social en su condición de campesinos, a pesar de los retos que esto les implica. En este ensayo nos proponemos analizar el impacto socioeconómico que tiene esta estrategia productiva en las familias campesinas que se integran en organiza - ciones, del estado de Chiapas. Partimos de reconocer a los cafeticultores como parte del campesinado actual y las constantes problemáticas que enfrentan para mantenerse en un sistema excluyente.

  16. DDT, DDE, and 1-hydroxypyrene levels in children (in blood and urine samples) from Chiapas and Oaxaca, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-Maldonado, Iván N; Trejo-Acevedo, Antonio; Pruneda-Alvarez, Lucia Guadalupe; Gaspar-Ramirez, Octavio; Ruvalcaba-Aranda, Selene; Perez-Vazquez, Francisco Javier

    2013-11-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the DDT, DDE, and 1-hydroxypyrene exposure levels of children living in communities located in southeastern Mexico. The study communities were Lacanja and Victoria in Chiapas state and Ventanilla in Oaxaca state. Children living in Lacanja had total blood DDT levels (mean ± SD, 29,039.6 ± 11,261.4 ng/g lipid) that were significantly higher than those of children in Victoria (10,220.5 ± 7,893.1 ng/g lipid) and Ventanilla (11,659.7 ± 6,683.7 ng/g lipid). With respect to the 1-hydroxypyrene levels in urine samples, the levels in Lacanja (4.8 ± 4.1 μg/L or 4.5 ± 3.9 μmol/mol creatinine) and Victoria (4.6 ± 3.8 μg/L or 3.9 ± 3.0 μmol/mol Cr) were significantly higher than levels found in Ventanilla (3.6 ± 1.4 μg/L or 2.5 ± 0.5 μmol/mol Cr). In conclusion, our data indicate high levels of exposure in children living in the communities studied in this work. The evidence found in this study could be further used as a trigger to revisit local policies on environmental exposures.

  17. Levels of organochlorine pesticides in blood plasma from residents of malaria-endemic communities in Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz-Suárez, Luz E; Castro-Chan, Ricardo A; Rivero-Pérez, Norma E; Trejo-Acevedo, Antonio; Guillén-Navarro, Griselda K; Geissen, Violette; Bello-Mendoza, Ricardo

    2014-10-10

    Organochlorine (OC) pesticides have been extensively used for pest control in agriculture and against malaria vectors in the region of Soconusco, Chiapas, in southern Mexico. Our study aimed to identify whether the inhabitants of four Soconusco communities at different locations (i.e., altitudes) and with different history of use of OC pesticides, have been similarly exposed to residues of these pesticides. In particular, we analyzed the potential relationship between levels of OC pesticides in plasma and the age, gender, and residence of the study population (n = 60). We detected seven pesticides in total (γ-HCH, β-HCH, heptachlor, p,p'-DDE, p,p'-DDT, β-endosulfan, endrin aldehyde). Of these, p,p'-DDE and β-endosulfan were the most frequently found (in 98% and 38% of the samples, respectively). The low-altitude (60 years) had the highest p,p'-DDE level (56.94 ± 57.81 µg/L) of all age groups, while men had higher p,p'-DDE (34.00 ± 46.76 µg/L) than women. Our results demonstrate that residents of the Soconusco region are exposed to p,p'-DDE because of high exposure to DDT in the past and current environmental exposure to this DDT-breakdown product.

  18. CRECIMIENTO DEL CEDRO ROSADO (Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Wight. & Arn. A DIFERENTES ALTITUDES EN FINCAS CAFETALERAS DEL SOCONUSCO, CHIAPAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Reyes-Reyes

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluó el crecimiento de árboles de cedro rosado a los 18 meses de edad, en combinación con plantaciones de café a diferentes elevaciones en el Soconusco, Chiapas. En junio de 2001, se plantaron 45 árboles en 12 parcelas distribuidas entre los 200 a 1,400 msnm. En diciembre de 2002 se evaluaron los incrementos en diámetro (DAP, altura y la supervivencia. Mediante un análisis de varianza se encontró que los árboles con los mejores crecimientos se presentaron en las parcelas que se localizan en altitudes de 280a 750 m, con alturas que variaron de 3 a 7.3 m y diámetros de 3 a 7.2 cm, a los 18 meses de edad. La especie manifiesta buen potencial de crecimiento a las condiciones edáficas y climáticas de la región.

  19. Percepciones y prácticas relacionadas con la tuberculosis y la adherencia al tratamiento en Chiapas, México

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    Alvarez-Gordillo Guadalupe del Carmen

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Conocer las percepciones y prácticas que los enfermos de tuberculosis tienen sobre la enfermedad y la adherencia al tratamiento. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio cualitativo de 11 entrevistas grupales a 62 pacientes con tuberculosis diagnosticados durante 1997 y 1998 en las regiones Centro, Los Altos y Fronteriza de Chiapas, México. RESULTADOS: Las causas de la enfermedad referidas por los pacientes fueron el contagio por trastes, el trabajo excesivo, la alimentación, el frío y otras sin relación con la transmisión de persona a persona. La incapacidad para el trabajo se reflejó en crisis económica del paciente y su familia. El estigma social impactó emocionalmente en la vida personal, familiar, laboral y de comunidad. CONCLUSIONES: El desconocimiento sobre la enfermedad propició la elección de diferentes alternativas para su atención. Los servicios de salud y la inadecuada relación médico-paciente influyó en el retardo en el diagnóstico y falta de adherencia al tratamiento. Se sugiere un programa de difusión sobre aspectos básicos de la enfermedad y su tratamiento.

  20. Ecoturismo y reapropiación social de recursos naturales entre los tseltales de El Corralito, Oxchuc, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio César Sánchez Morales

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es analizar el proceso de reapropiación social de los recursos naturales entre los tseltales de la comunidad El Corralito, municipio de Oxchuc, Chiapas, luego de la implementación de un proyecto ecoturístico en sus tierras desde el año 2002. Este proceso de reapropiación social ha englobado elementos sociales, culturales y económicos a nivel del grupo tseltal; para comprender estos procesos, indagamos en las siguientes dimensiones: presencia de innovaciones y experimentación, tanto en lo organizativo, económico y ambiental; así como la participación local y la capacidad de agencia para el desarrollo del proyecto ecoturístico en la zona. Ahora bien, el trabajo se desarrolló con el apoyo del instrumental metodológico cualitativo: entrevistas a profundidad, etnografías, observación participante y encuestas, de la que se obtuvieron datos cuantitativos.

  1. Social inequalities and health in rural Chiapas, Mexico: agricultural economy, nutrition, and child health in La Fraylesca Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Ochoa-Díaz López

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to investigate the association between farmers' socioeconomic conditions and their children's health in La Fraylesca, Chiapas. Data were collected using a cross-sectional survey of 1046 households (5546 individuals sampled from locations in two counties situated in the study area. The survey included anthropometric measurements, a 24-hour dietary recall, stool tests, and childhood mortality data. Children of private farmers and "wealthy peasants" displayed better nutritional status, higher quality diet, lower prevalence of intestinal parasites, and a lower risk of dying than those whose parents were communal farmers, from ejidos, or "poor peasants". The results suggest that using volume of maize production as a classification method proved more valuable than land tenure to identify agricultural groups with different health status. It appears that the main determinants of health differentials are structural inequities in resource distribution. Thus, the impact of medical interventions on inequalities will be limited unless they are accompanied by redistribution of resources.

  2. Arcos triunfales de San Petersburgo

    OpenAIRE

    Kurz Muñiz, Juan Albert; Gordo, Carmen María

    2001-01-01

    Se conmemora el tricentenario de la ciudad de San Petersburgo, ciudad que nos ha dejado grandiosos monumentos a lo largo de su historia. La importancia de los arcos triunfales, exponentes máximos que reglejan las victorias acaecidas, con un refinamiento y belleza occidental. Erigidos durante los reinados de Pedro I el Grande y Catalina II, monarcas ilustrados que supieron abrir a Rusia hacia la modernidad.

  3. Diversão em movimento: um projeto lúdico para crianças hospitalizadas no Serviço de Oncologia Pediátrica do Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira, IMIP Ludotherapy for hospitalized children: a ludotherapy program for hospitalized children in the Pediatrics Oncology Unit of the Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira, IMIP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arli Melo Pedrosa

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho descreve as atividades lúdicas desenvolvidas na enfermaria de oncologia pediátrica do Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP, com 60 pacientes portadores de neoplasias malignas, no período de janeiro de 2004 a janeiro de 2005. Descreve também as etapas do Projeto e apresenta os resultados obtidos, correlacionando as etapas do desenvolvimento da aprendizagem com os instrumentos lúdicos utilizados como recurso minimizador do processo de hospitalização, através dos itens mais solicitados, considerando, para essa análise, as idéias de Jean Piaget e Bruno Bettelheim.This paper describes a ludotherapy program implemented in the pediatrics oncology ward of the Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP with 60 malignant neoplasia patients from January 2004 to January 2005. It describes the phases of the project, demonstrates results obtained, relating learning development phases and ludic tools used as a resource to mitigate hospitalization hardships through the most requested items. Jean Piaget and Bruno Bettelheim concepts were used in this assessment.

  4. ¿Aprender tsotsil? Experiencia con niños de una primaria urbana en San Cristóbal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra Rodríguez Torres

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available San Cristóbal es una ciudad donde convergen varias culturas, situación que presenta un reto a la enseñanza y a la convivencia escolar. Este trabajo se basa en una experiencia con niños de familias migrantes del estado de Chiapas, México, de cuarto año de primaria. El propósito inicial consistió en fomentar el respeto a la diversidad cultural a través de la lectoescritura en tsotsil y español. Para profundizar en la percepción de los niños sobre la adquisición de la lectoescritura en tsotsil y los valores se trata de analizar lo que ellos mismos han escrito. Contamos para esta aproximación con las cartas dirigidas a la persona encargada del apoyo financiero en las cuales los alumnos nos dan a conocer su opinión sobre los talleres impartidos, y con una serie de cuentos escritos libremente por ellos mismos en donde se reflejan sus valores e intereses.

  5. Diversidad de aves de hábitats naturales y modificados en un paisaje de la Depresión Central de Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge E Ramírez-Albores

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un análisis de la diversidad y riqueza de aves en un paisaje fragmentado en la Depresión Central de Chiapas. El trabajo de campo se realizó de febrero de 2003 a enero de 2004. Se utilizó el método de conteo por puntos, registrando un total 35 familias y 225 especies de aves. Del total de especies registradas 164 son residentes y 61migratorias. El 3% de las especies son abundantes y el 30% son raras. Se presentaron diferencias significativas en la diversidad, riqueza de especies y número de individuos entre los hábitats de estudio (ANOVA pBird biodiversity in natural and modified habitats in a landscape of the Central Depression of Chiapas, Mexico. In many parts of the neotropics, the original habitats are rapidly changing because of excessive logging, agriculture and livestock activity, with an often negative impact on bird communities. I present an analysis of the diversity and richness of birds in a fragmented landscape of the Central Chiapas Depression. Fieldwork was conducted from February 2003 to January 2004. Using point counts, a total of 35 families and 225 bird species were registered (164 residents and 61 migratory; 3% are abundant and 30% rare. Diversity, species richness and number of individuals were significantly higher in tropical deciduous forest (H´=3.41, 178 species ANOVA p<0.0001, which also had the greatest number of species restricted to a single vegetation type (39 species. The incorporation and maintenance of natural and modified habitats are necessary for the survival and reproduction of many birds species in the study area. Rev. Biol. Trop. 58 (1: 511-528. Epub 2010 March 01.

  6. Valorización simbólica del Queso Crema de Chiapas, un queso mexicano tradicional con calidad de origen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octavio Lozano Moreno

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo consistió en explorar el valor simbólico que posee un queso tradicional mexicano, el Queso Crema de Chiapas. Para ello, se recorrió un largo camino de caracterización técnica de los rasgos fisicoquímicos, microbiológicos y sensoriales del producto, así como también de sus canales de comercialización y su red de valor. Una vez que se conocieron y se identificaron los aspectos tecnológicos mensurables, que imparten las características especiales al Queso Crema de Chiapas. La presente investigación mostró la existencia de aspectos subjetivos que aportan un valor y significado a este queso genuino; aspectos determinados por la sociedad, y en especial por los productores. El simbolismo es un rasgo asignado por las personas; se trata de un concepto subjetivo que está determinado por la necesidade, y fundamentado por la historia, la cultura, la idiosincrasia y su forma de vida. Estos valores favorecen la presencia del queso en el mercado, lo que contribuye a su preservación como patrimonio alimentario. Esta investigación se realizó con un enfoque antropológico, cualitativo-cuantitativo y observacional en campo, que se complementó con investigaciones anteriores, demostrando el valor de este alimento identitario de Chiapas. Sus resultados pueden ser empleados como instrumento para promover acciones de valorización adecuadas y contribuir al desarrollo socioeconómico y cultural de su región de origen.

  7. La nueva geografía electoral de Chiapas: polarización política, fragmentación partidista e incertidumbre electoral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willibald Sonnleitner

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Esta contribución analiza las elecciones federales y locales de 2006 en Chiapas, profundizando en las estructuras territoriales del voto en los 111 municipios del estado. La construcción de una tipología sintética de la democratización desde 1988 también permite indagar en las lógicas y en los desfases regionales entre las dinámicas de la participación política y los clivajes socioculturales que estructuran la geografía electoral y humana de la entidad.

  8. Caracterización fenotípica, producción y uso tradicional de gallinas locales en Los Altos de Chiapas.

    OpenAIRE

    Zaragoza Martínez, María de Lourdes

    2012-01-01

    El trabajo analiza la producción avícola que se desarrolla en comunidades indígenas del estado de Chiapas. La investigación se realizó con el empleo de metodologías cualitativa y cuantitativa, dirigida a mujeres identificadas como propietarias de los recursos avícolas, quienes además determinaron el nivel de acercamiento que se podía tener con los animales. Con la información recabada en 108 hogares, se realizó la caracterización del subsistema de producción avícola inmerso en el sistema pec...

  9. Migración y remesas: ¿están afectando la sustentabilidad de la agricultura y la soberanía alimentaria en Chiapas?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helda Morales

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Con este artículo se pretende contribuir al debate sobre el impacto de la migración internacional y de las remesas en la agricultura. Presentamos los resultados de una encuesta realizada en 2011 sobre agricultura, combinados con muestreos de agrobiodiversidad en parcelas de familias con y sin migrantes de cuatro comunidades campesinas de Chiapas. En contra de lo esperado, los resultados sugieren que la migración no está provocando ni abandono de la agricultura, ni cambios sustanciales en el tipo de cultivos de las zonas estudiadas.

  10. BALANCE PARCIAL DE NITRÓGENO EN EL SISTEMA DE CULTIVO DE MAÍZ (Zea mays L.) CON COBERTURA DE LEGUMINOSAS EN CHIAPAS, MÉXICO

    OpenAIRE

    José David Álvarez-Solís; Ramón Muñoz-Arroyo; Esperanza Huerta-Lwanga; José Nahed-Toral

    2016-01-01

    El potencial de las leguminosas para mejorar la fertilidad del suelo y sostener la producción de cultivos asociados como el maíz, varía entre especies. Este trabajo evalúa la contribución de 3 leguminosas como cultivos de cobertura (CC) en el balance parcial de Nitrógeno (N) en el cultivo de maíz. Fue realizado en Ejido La Bella Ilusión, Maravilla Tenejapa, estado de Chiapas, México, con 4 tratamientos en asociación al cultivo de maíz: 1) frijol nescafé (Mucuna pruriens), 2) frijol arroz (Vig...

  11. Entre el textil y el ámbar : las funciones psicosociales del trabajo artesanal en artesanos tsotsiles de la ilusión, Chiapas, México

    OpenAIRE

    Carpio Ovando, Perla Shiomara Del

    2012-01-01

    Esta investigación tiene como objetivo principal el estudio de las funciones psicosociales del trabajo artesanal que realizan artesanos indígenas de una comunidad tsotsil de Chiapas, México. Constata esta tesis que el análisis de las artesanías invita a reflexionar necesariamente sobre aspectos económicos en íntima relación con aspectos de índole cultural y psicosocial. Se defiende aquí que quienes se dedican a la producción de artesanías enfrentan múltiples dificultades dentro de las que sob...

  12. La odisea de los hermanos Tort y la Fábrica de Hilados y Tejidos La Providencia en Chiapas a finales del siglo XIX

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Llanos Hernández

    2013-01-01

    Este artículo busca explicar el proceso de construcción de la Fábrica de Hilados y Tejidos de Algodón La Providencia emprendida por los hermanos Tort en Chiapas. Fue la fábrica más moderna construida en el estado a finales del siglo XIX, obra de un ideal modernizador que corresponde al pensamiento de la época y forma parte del contexto histórico del México que se configura entre las tres últimas décadas del siglo XIX y la primera del siglo XX, el cual se reproduce de manera particular en Chia...

  13. Phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) of Chiapas collected near the Guatemala border, with additions to the fauna of Mexico and a new subgenus name.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibáñez-Bernal, Sergio; Muñoz, José; Rebollar-Téllez, Eduardo A; Pech-May, Agelica; Marina, Carlos F

    2015-07-31

    Collections from four localities, two of the High Plateau and two of the Eastern Mountains Municipality of Chiapas, near the border with Guatemala, included 26 species with four new species records for Mexico: Lutzomyia (Helcocyrtomyia) hartmanni (Fairchild & Hertig, 1957), Dampfomyia (Coromyia) disneyi (Williams, 1987), Psychodopygus bispinosus (Fairchild & Hertig, 1951), and Psychodopygus corossoniensis (LePont & Pajot, 1978). These records represent an updated total of 50 species in Mexico, 48 of which are extant species and the remaining two fossils. The name Xiphopsathyromyia n. n. is proposed in substitution of Xiphomyia Artemiev, 1991, a homonym of Xiphomyia Townsend, 1917, a genus of Tachinidae (Diptera).

  14. Impacto de la educación formal de las mujeres en el comportamiento reproductivo en cuatro contextos socioculturales de la Región Soconusco de Chiapas

    OpenAIRE

    Benito Salvatierra Izaba; Austreberta Nazar Beutelspacher

    2004-01-01

    En este trabajo se analizaron los cambios demográficos ocurridos en el periodo de 1977 a 1996, en cuatro contextos socioculturales de la Región Soconusco de Chiapas, México. Lo anterior, con base en una encuesta sociodemográfica probabilística que acopió información de fuentes primarias (1139 grupos domésticos) y secundarias (censos de población y agropecuarios). Los resultados basados en análisis de cohortes aportan evidencias de la existencia de diferencias en las tendencias de la fecundida...

  15. Memoria y representación simbólica tras la matanza en Acteal, Chiapas, 22 de diciembre de 1997

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandro Sacbé Shuttera Pérez; Alberto Vital

    2011-01-01

    El presente artículo busca rastrear las huellas de las representaciones artísticas y simbólicas y su impacto en la memoria, en torno a los sucesos acaecidos el 22 de diciembre de 1997 en la comunidad de Acteal, Chiapas. Se parte del supuesto de que la preservación y la simbolización de la violencia ejercida por el poder estatal, son manifestaciones de un contrapoder y un gesto de resistencia por parte de quien debiera ser en última instancia el depositario de la soberanía, según los términos ...

  16. Las contradicciones de la expansión ganadera en las fronteras norte y sur de México (estados de Sonora y Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Villafuerte Solís

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se plantean las principales contradicciones derivadas del proceso de expansión de la ganadería bovina en México, y de manera particular en los estados de Sonora y Chiapas, los cuales son ejemplos representativos de lo que ocurre en las fronteras norte y sur de nuestro país en relación al fenómeno que se ha dado en llamar ganaderización o ganaderización de la agricultura.

  17. Acción pública y desarrollo social en el sureste de México: la Agenda Chiapas-ONU

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Rodríguez Castillo

    2014-01-01

    En esta colaboración presento diferentes interpretaciones y acciones en torno a la Agenda Chiapas-ONU, sustentada idealmente en los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio. La estrategia de comunicación social del gobierno del estado generó una relación metonímica entre esta política y el programa Ciudades Rurales Sustentables. Desde una perspectiva antropológica, documento los conocimientos y valoraciones, así como los comportamientos de diversos agentes, que se alinean en torno a proyectos a fa...

  18. Hábitat y distribución de cinco especies de Quercus (Fagaceae) en la Meseta Central de Chiapas, México

    OpenAIRE

    J.G. Alvarez-Moctezuma; Ochoa-Gaona, S.; de Jong, B. H. J.; Soto-Pinto, M L

    1999-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir el hábitat de las especies del subgénero Lepidobalanus en la Meseta Central de Chiapas e identificar las principales variables que condicionan su distribución. En 258 parcelas se utilizó un índice de dominancia, basado en la abundancia y cobertura de las especies, para conocer la distribución de Quercus peduncularis, Q. polymorpha, Q. rugosa, Q. sebifera y Q. segoviensis. Además se midieron las variables ambientales: altitud, precipitación de noviembr...

  19. Lista sistemática de la ictiofauna en la Reserva de la Biosfera La Encrucijada, Chiapas, México A checklist of the ichthyofauna from La Encrucijada Biosphere Reserve, Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adán E. Gómez-González

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Se documentó una lista sistemática de los peces en la Reserva de la Biosfera La Encrucijada (REBIEN, durante un periodo comprendido de 2004 a 2009. El elenco sistemático consta de 153 especies, que se incluyen en 2 clases, 20 órdenes, 52 familias y 107 géneros. Se registran por primera vez 9 especies para los ambientes continentales del estado de Chiapas, 4 en hábitat estuarino-lagunar en México: Cathorops cf. fuerthii, Trichiurus nitens, Guavina micropus y Gobionellusliolepis, las 2 últimas con distribución ahora extendida para el Pacífico mexicano. Destaca la presencia del cíclido exótico Oreochromis niloticus. Las familias más representativas fueron Carangidae (14 especies, Sciaenidae (11, Gobiidae (10 y Ariidae (9. Por su origen ecogeográfico, 4 especies (2.6% son dulceacuícolas primarias, 13 (8.5% dulceacuícolas secundarias y 134 (88.9% periféricas; del conjunto periférico,3 especies (2% son catádromas, 11 (7.2% residentes estuarinas, 56 (36.6% marinas eurihalinas y 66 (43.1% marinas estenohalinas. Desde el punto de vista biogeográfico, 91.2% de las especies se distribuyen en el Pacífico oriental, de las cuales el 47.7% se encuentran en la Provincia Californiana, 65.4% en la Provincia de Cortés, 80.4% en la Provincia Panámica y 41.2% en la Provincia Peruviana. La REBIEN contiene una riqueza íctica comparativamente mayor a la registrada en ambientes estuarino-lagunares de otras regiones costeras del Pacífico mexicano.We provided a systematic checklist of fishes recorded on La Encrucijada Biosphere Reserve (REBIEN, during the period from 2004 to 2009. The systematic list is composed by 153 species that are included in 2 classes, 20 orders, 52 families and 107 genera. Nine species are added to the known continental environments of the state of Chiapas, 4 of them are registered by first time in estuarine-lagoon biotopes of México: Cathorops cf. fuerthii, Trichiurus nitens, Guavina micropus and Gobionellus liolepis, the

  20. La economía del grupo doméstico: determinante de muerte materna entre mujeres indígenas de Chiapas, México The household economy: a determinant of maternal death among indigenous women in Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Carmen Herrera Torres

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Evaluar la situación económica y las relaciones de género en cuanto factores determinantes de muerte materna en la subregión de Patwitz, en Chiapas, México. MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio cuantitativo y cualitativo mediante la aplicación de una encuesta a 158 familias, entrevistas a profundidad a personas vinculadas con los casos de muerte materna y a líderes sociales de la región, así como grupos focales con parteras. RESULTADOS: La toma de decisiones respecto a la salud de la mujer en el seno de la familia constituye un problema crítico por cuanto depende exclusivamente del esposo y los familiares de este. Cuando el embarazo o el parto conllevan algún riesgo, tal situación introduce restricciones en la elección de opciones de atención fuera de la comunidad, de modo que 48,7% de los casos obstétricos son atendidos por parteras, 45,3% por familiares y 6% por la pareja. El problema se agrava por la alta marginación y el muy bajo índice de desarrollo humano que caracterizan a la región estudiada, por la falta de acceso de las mujeres a la posesión de bienes, incluida la herencia de la tierra, y por el hecho de que 97,7% de ellas hablan solamente lenguas indígenas. CONCLUSIONES: Las inequidades por razones de género en las familias indígenas, aunadas a una economía que no cubre las necesidades básicas, son factores que contribuyen a que las mujeres no reciban atención en el proceso reproductivo. Debido al bajo nivel socioeconómico, las decisiones que se toman en torno a la atención del embarazo, el parto y el puerperio tienen un alto costo en la salud y en la vida de las mujeres.OBJECTIVE: To assess the determining role of financial situation and gender relations on maternal mortality among Indigenous women in Chiapas, Mexico. METHODS: A quantitative/qualitative study was performed by means of a survey of 158 families, as well as in-depth interviews of persons linked to cases of maternal death, community

  1. Geodynamical evolution and maturation of organic matter in the Chiapas-Tabasco and Comalcalco basins (Mexico); Evolution geodynamique et maturation de la matiere organique dans les bassins de Chiapas-Tabasco et de Comalcalco (Mexique)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tovar Guerrero, A.

    1997-12-11

    The south-east Mexican basins are the subject of many petroleum researches. They often have a complex history which needs a pluri-disciplinary approach in order to understand better their evolution in space and time. Part of the Chiapas-Tabasco and Comalcalco sedimentary basins has been studied in this research work on the basis of the three wells data. Thanks to the stadial analysis, the diagenetic study allowed first to list crystalline types recognized in the mesozoic sequence, and then to set up their chronology. The various porosity types of each facies of the sequence were also described, allowing in this way to know the present localisation of this porosity. A study of the subsidence was carried out. Subsidence controlled all the basins evolution, in this way the organic matter of the source rock achieved its maturation due to high subsidence (95 m/Ma) and to high sedimentation rates (530 m/Ma) during the last five million years of the basins evolution. The geochemical study of this organic matter using ROCK-EVAL pyrolysis technique revealed a Type II (marine origin) and allowed to define the oil window interval (4800-5200 m). These results are compared with the optimal moment of the oil genesis (TTI = 75) calculated via the Lopatin method. The petroleum history of the basins was punctuated first by the deposition and the conservation of the organic matter, then by the creation of a secondary porosity mainly resulting from a dolomitization process. It ended with the maturation of this organic matter controlled by the subsidence process, permitting in this way to reach the oil window. (author) 190 refs.

  2. Species - San Diego Co. [ds121

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — This is the Biological Observation Database point layer representing baseline observations of sensitive species (as defined by the MSCP) throughout San Diego County....

  3. 78 FR 18238 - Safety Zone; SFPD Training Safety Zone; San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-26

    ... William Hawn, U.S. Coast Guard Sector San Francisco; telephone (415) 399-7442 or email at D11-PF-Marine... navigable waters around the SFPD's maritime interdiction training exercises. The SFPD Training Safety ] Zone... Hunters Point in San Francisco, CA in support of the San Francisco Police Department's maritime...

  4. 77 FR 34988 - Notice of Inventory Completion: San Diego State University, San Diego, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-12

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: San Diego State University, San Diego, CA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: San Diego State University Archeology Collections Management Program has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in...

  5. 77 FR 46115 - Notice of Inventory Completion: San Diego Museum of Man, San Diego, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-02

    ...-1100-665] Notice of Inventory Completion: San Diego Museum of Man, San Diego, CA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The San Diego Museum of Man has completed an inventory of... Diego Museum of Man. Repatriation of the human remains to the Indian tribe stated below may occur if no...

  6. 78 FR 34123 - Notice of Inventory Completion: San Francisco State University NAGPRA Program, San Francisco, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-06

    ... NAGPRA Program, c/o Department of Anthropology, San Francisco State University, 1600 Holloway Avenue, San... construction activities for the Middle Fork American River Project. Site materials from the Middle Fork... Jeffrey Boland Fentress, San Francisco State University NAGPRA Program, c/o Department of Anthropology...

  7. Young volcanism in the Borborema Province, NE Brazil, shows no evidence for a trace of the Fernando de Noronha plume on the continent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knesel, Kurt M.; Souza, Zorano S.; Vasconcelos, Paulo M.; Cohen, Benjamin E.; Silveira, Francisco V.

    2011-02-01

    We present 40Ar/39Ar ages for four volcanic bodies from a group of volumetrically minor alkaline plugs, necks, and dikes in northeastern Brazil, previously ascribed to passage over the purported Fernando de Noronha plume. The rocks are relatively primitive (9.5-14.7 wt.% MgO), typically nepheline-normative basanites with ocean island basalt (OIB)-like trace-element compositions similar to alkalic basalts from the Fernando de Noronha archipelago. Highly fractionated REE coupled with relative depletions of K and Rb indicates that the silica undersaturated magmas were generated by small degrees of melting in the presence of residual garnet and a hydrous metasomatic phase. Three of the four units (Caracarazinho, Cabugizinho da Arara and Serra Preta de Bodó) were heretofore undated. The fourth body (Cabelo de Negro) was included to facilitate comparison with published K-Ar dates. 40Ar/39Ar age determinations by the laser incremental-heating method on duplicate grains of groundmass reveal the youngest continental volcanism in Brazil, with emplacement ages between 8.9 ± 0.5 and 7.1 ± 0.3 Ma. Our age for Cabelo de Negro (7.9 ± 0.3 Ma) is roughly 20 Ma younger than the published K-Ar date for this plug. The reproducibility of our duplicate analyses and the consistency of the plateau, ideogram and isochron ages for this sample attest to the reliability of the new 40Ar/39Ar results. Our geochronological results show that volcanic activity on the continent did not shut down prior to the onset of volcanism on the island of Fernando de Noronha. Both areas were active contemporaneously for at least 5 Ma. We argue that the extended duration, small volume and lack of a clear age progression suggest that this example of alkaline intraplate volcanism is more likely the surface manifestation of the upwelling flow seen in an edge-driven convection mode, rather than tracking passage over a deep-seated mantle plume. This hypothesis is supported by xenolith thermobarometery, heat

  8. Cuartel San Carlos. Yacimiento veterano

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    Mariana Flores

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El Cuartel San Carlos es un monumento histórico nacional (1986 de finales del siglo XVIII (1785-1790, caracterizado por sufrir diversas adversidades en su construcción y soportar los terremotos de 1812 y 1900. En el año 2006, el organismo encargado de su custodia, el Instituto de Patrimonio Cultural del Ministerio de Cultura, ejecutó tres etapas de exploración arqueológica, que abarcaron las áreas Traspatio, Patio Central y las Naves Este y Oeste de la edificación. Este trabajo reseña el análisis de la documentación arqueológica obtenida en el sitio, a partir de la realización de dicho proyecto, denominado EACUSAC (Estudio Arqueológico del Cuartel San Carlos, que representa además, la tercera campaña realizada en el sitio. La importancia de este yacimiento histórico, radica en su participación en los acontecimientos que propiciaron conflictos de poder durante el surgimiento de la República y en los sucesos políticos del siglo XX. De igual manera, se encontró en el sitio una amplia muestra de materiales arqueológicos que reseñan un estilo de vida cotidiana militar, así como las dinámicas sociales internas ocurridas en el San Carlos, como lugar estratégico para la defensa de los diferentes regímenes que atravesó el país, desde la época del imperialismo español hasta nuestros días.

  9. Spatial and temporal variation of fish assemblages in a coastal lagoon of the Biosphere Reserve La Encrucijada, Chiapas, Mexico

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    Ernesto Velázquez-Velázquez

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Composition and abundance of the ichthyofauna in estuarine and coastal lagoon systems of the South Pacific in Mexico have been scarcely studied. In particular, there is a lack of information on how environmental variables determine the spatio-temporal structure of fish assemblages in those habitats. In this study, fishes were sampled by drop net during twelve months (May 2004 -April 2005 in 22 sites distributed along the Carretas-Pereyra lagoon, located in the Biosphere Reserve La Encrucijada, Chiapas, Mexico. We recorded 11 797 individuals (40 species, in 30 genera and 21 families. Dormitator latifrons was the most dominant species in terms of the Importance Value index, IV (23.05 %, followed by Lile gracilis (10.31 %, Poecilia sphenops (8.60 % and Poecilia butleri (7.30 %. D. latifrons also accounted for more than one half of the total biomass (50.14 %. Species richness and Shannon-Wiener’s diversity indexes showed similar temporal fluctuations, reaching their highest values during the dry season. The system evidenced temporal variations in salinity, having observed four different regimes: freshwater, oligohaline, mesohaline and polyhaline. Mean richness and diversity indexes achieved their highest values during the mesohaline period. On the other hand, mean abundances (CPUE were highest during the freshwater period. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA indicated that salinity and temperature were the most important environmental parameters affecting associations of fishes in terms of their abundances. Correlation analyses revealed that among the environmental variables measured in this study, transparency showed the most significant negative correlation with fish richness and Shannon-Wiener’s diversity index. At a local scale, results suggest that spatial and temporal distribution of fish assemblages are determined by differences in the regimes of salinity and transparency, primarily driven by freshwater input from rivers. Rev. Biol

  10. César y los personajes de Catón, un republicano contra César, de Fernando Savater. Historia y literatura

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    Conde Salazar, Matilde

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the play «Catón, Un republicano contra César», Fernando Savater masterfully adapts many classical reminiscences, especially of Plutarch, to propose a reflection on politics and philosophy. Intervenes the literary text, deignes the characters grouped in pairs keeping, although with a new formula, the scheme of ‘parallel lives’ of Plutarch. Each character retains the most peculiar features of the historical figure he represents, although, thanks to a clever literary creation, also acquires new roles. Caesar, though has not a dramatic role in the play, stops feeling his presence as an antagonist who embodies all the defects of tyranny against the virtues of the republic. The characters are making a description of the features that have characterized him as a character reference throughout all time, beyond the mere classical inspiration.En la obra de teatro Catón, un republicano contra César, Fernando Savater adapta con maestría muchísimas reminiscencias clásicas, sobre todo de Plutarco, para plantear una reflexión sobre política y filosofía. Mediante una excelente intervención del texto clásico, perfila a los personajes agrupados por parejas manteniendo, aunque con nueva fórmula, el esquema de las «vidas paralelas» de Plutarco. Cada personaje conserva los rasgos más peculiares de la figura histórica a la que representa, pero, gracias a una hábil recreación literaria, adquiere también nuevos papeles. César, aunque no tiene en la obra un papel dramático, deja sentir su presencia como un antagonista que personifica todos los defectos de la tiranía frente a las virtudes de la república. Los personajes van haciendo una descripción de los rasgos que le han caracterizado como personaje de referencia a lo largo de todos los tiempos, más allá de la mera inspiración clásica.

  11. Gestionando la ciudadanía pluricultural: la escuela indígena en Chiapas ante los derechos culturales

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    Victoria Borrell Velasco

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En una relación intercultural históricamente asimétrica, las formulaciones que afectan a las oportunidades educativas de los pue - blos originarios en el sistema público de educación se enfrentan a múl - tiples obstáculos. La enculturación en las escuelas indígenas dificulta el desarrollo de identidades múltiples homologables realmente funcio - nales para la construcción de una ciudadanía pluricultural, ya que se fomenta la tolerancia hacia pedagogías colonizadoras. Las tendencias que se originan a través de estos procesos educativos neocolonialistas, que atentan contra los derechos culturales reconocidos en las leyes, son conflictivas y contradictorias, tanto las que refuerzan la identidad étni - ca asumiendo una posición subalterna como las que la rechazan bus - cando vías de asimilación. En la resolución de este dilema apenas existe presencia indígena, ya que tradicionalmente, a pesar de los desarrollos normativos en el marco de los derechos culturales, los pueblos origina - rios quedan relegados de las consideraciones y de la toma de decisiones relacionadas con la educación. Este trabajo de investigación pretende evidenciar tanto las prin - cipales actuaciones del sistema educativo nacional en las escuelas de población originaria, ante el reto de los derechos culturales, como identificar las respuestas de los pueblos indígenas en relación con estos derechos en el estado de Chiapas.

  12. CONTRIBUTION OF PRODUCER ORGANIZATIONS TO THE SUTAINABITLITY OF THEIR TERRITORIES, GUAYA’B (GUATEMALA Y MAYA VINIC (CHIAPAS

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    Remy Vandame

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The present work aims at identifying and assesment the contribution of honey and coffee producers to the sustainability of their territories, by using a qualitative approach. For this purpose, two economically oriented organizations, which emerged in the context of strong social conflicts, are studied: “Unión de Productores Maya Vinic, Soc. Coop.” in Los Altos de Chiapas, México and “Guaya’b A.C.” in Huehuetenango, Guatemala. We identify eight categories of analysis, shaped thought the approach to these organizations, our previous experience with other similar organizational processes and the reading of documents. These categories are: self-organization; collective action; income and other benefits; conservation of natural resources; development of abilities and capacities; identity; integration to communal life and permanence. Taken together, these categories aim to help to provide a qualitative tool to increase our knowledge of two of the honey and coffee beans producers’ structure with the purpose of finding whether they contribute to the sustainability of their land. We defined measurement scales for each of these categories, based on the organization members’ perception. Finally, we carried out a graphical visualization of the interaction between these categories, by constructing a radial graph. We stress the importance that deepening the knowledge of the context and history of the territories, where these organizations are immersed, has for both, the understanding of their self-organization and the contributions they may offer to their own members and their territori. In the same way, we conclude that there is a close relation among producers’ organizations, its self-organization and their ties to their territories (the identity to the territory and to those elements that allow its sustainability.

  13. Levels of Organochlorine Pesticides in Blood Plasma from Residents of Malaria-Endemic Communities in Chiapas, Mexico

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    Luz E. Ruiz-Suárez

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Organochlorine (OC pesticides have been extensively used for pest control in agriculture and against malaria vectors in the region of Soconusco, Chiapas, in southern Mexico. Our study aimed to identify whether the inhabitants of four Soconusco communities at different locations (i.e., altitudes and with different history of use of OC pesticides, have been similarly exposed to residues of these pesticides. In particular, we analyzed the potential relationship between levels of OC pesticides in plasma and the age, gender, and residence of the study population (n = 60. We detected seven pesticides in total (γ-HCH, β-HCH, heptachlor, p,pʹ-DDE, p,p'-DDT, β-endosulfan, endrin aldehyde. Of these, p,pʹ-DDE and β-endosulfan were the most frequently found (in 98% and 38% of the samples, respectively. The low-altitude (<20 m above sea level; masl and mid-altitude (520 masl locations had the highest levels of p,pʹ-DDE, with geometric means of 50.6 µg/L and 44.46 µg/L, respectively. The oldest subjects (>60 years had the highest p,pʹ-DDE level (56.94 ± 57.81 µg/L of all age groups, while men had higher p,pʹ-DDE (34.00 ± 46.76 µg/L than women. Our results demonstrate that residents of the Soconusco region are exposed to p,pʹ-DDE because of high exposure to DDT in the past and current environmental exposure to this DDT-breakdown product.

  14. RESPONSE OF THE JAMAICA-BEAN-CORN POLYCULTURE CROPPING SYSTEM TO THREE TREATMENTS OF FERTILIZATION IN VILLAFLORES, CHIAPAS, MEXICO

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    Rosey Obet Ruiz-González

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The corn (Zeamays Linneo and bean (Phaseolusvulgaris Linneo are the economic basis to meet the basic needs of rural families, but these crops are no longer economically viable for various reasons and jeopardize the family livelihood and productive alternatives are needed to improve the rural economy. The research was conducted during the spring-summer cycle from 1999 to 2000 in Villaflores , Chiapas, in order to evaluate the response of polyculturejamaica-bean-corn three fertilization treatments ( 00-00-00 , 60-60-60 and 120-60-60 . The experimental design was random blocks with three fertilization treatments, seven patterns of crops, and three replications and performance in the three plant species and vegetative variables were evaluated. With the data an ANOVA was performed and the treatment means were compared with the test of Tukey (p ≤ 0.05. The best vegetative response of the jamaica was to associate it with beans and corn with 60-60 fertilization treatment - 60, getting as much of: foliage (170 hojasplanta-1, branches (31 ramasplanta-1, acorns (54 bellotasplanta-1 and increased performance of dried calyxes (698 kgha-1.The beans associated with maize without fertilizations showed increase in foliage (62 hojasplanta-1 and in monoculture with fertilization 60-60 - 60 had the best performance (1,565 kgha-1of beans. Corn had the best vegetative response (18 hojasplanta-1 associated with beans and fertilization 120 - 60-60, and the best performance was when teamed with the beans and the jamaica (7,667 kgha-1. The best equivalent land-use was 3.31 in jamaica-bean-corn crop pattern. The analysis of the results indicates that the jamaica by associating it with corn and beans represents a biological and economic production alternative to improve the economy of rural families in Mexican soils which are acidified.

  15. The role of history in the recent Mexican novel: a study of five historical novels by Elena Garro, Carlos Fuentes, Fernando del Paso, Paco Ignacio Taibo II and Rosa Beltran

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    Rafael, Laura

    2007-01-01

    This thesis sets out to investigate the development of the recent historical novel in Mexico by examining a corpus of five novels. Elena Garro’s 'Los recuerdos del porvenir' (1963) represents the final point of the novel of the Revolution and it is the link with the recent historical novel. Carlos Fuentes’ 'Terra Nostra' (1975) and Fernando del Paso’s 'Noticias del Imperio' (1978) belong to the group containing the postmodern historical novel. 'Terra Nostra' summarizes all the concerns of pos...

  16. Patterns of health seeking behavior during episodes of childhood diarrhea: a study of Tzotzil-speaking Mayans in the highlands of Chiapas, Mexico.

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    Granich, R; Cantwell, M F; Long, K; Maldonado, Y; Parsonnet, J

    1999-02-01

    In Chiapas, Mexico, diarrheal disease causes the majority of all deaths in children under the age of five. Treatment of childhood diarrhea may be influenced by local beliefs and cultural practices. Few studies have attempted to quantitatively evaluate health seeking behavior (HSB) for diarrheal diseases in indigenous communities, while controlling for potential confounding factors such as parental education or socioeconomic status. A rapid ethnographic survey was conducted in Nabenchauc, Chiapas, to determine hypothetical HSB patterns for each of four major types of childhood diarrhea. Additionally, we examined the actual HSB for the last episode of childhood diarrheal illness within the household. One hundred households participated in the survey; 94 households with children education had little impact on hypothetical HSB. Households with lower SES were more likely to report using local grocery stores as a first option and were less likely to use options outside the village. The rapid ethnographic survey approach allows for assessment of changes in the approach to health care option utilization in cultures incorporating new health care paradigms. Public health interventions targeting local stores may lead to increased use of ORT, thereby potentially reducing early morbidity and mortality due to childhood diarrhea.

  17. [Entomology of onchocercosis in Soconusco, Chiapas. 6. Quantitative studies of the transmission of Onchocerca volvulus by 3 species of Simuliidae in a community with high endemicity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortega, M; Oliver, M; Ramírez, A

    1992-01-01

    In Guatemala, there is no doubt about the participation of Simulium ochraceum as vector of Onchocerciasis. However, in Mexico practically there are not studies focussed to determine the role of this species in the transmission. The objective of the present investigation was to determine which of the 3 species of Simulium founded in the Soconusco region of Chiapas, is the main, and which were secondary in the transmission of Onchocerciasis in that area. The locality of Morelos, in the Huixtla "municipio" of Chiapas, localized a 1200 meters over the sea level (mosl) were selected to carried out the present study. According to own parasitological studies, this locality is considered as highly endemic (more than 66% prevalence). From March 1979 to March, 1981, we performed captures of Simulium sp caught on human bait. Quantitative studies and of transmission potentials were also performed. The following results were obtained: a) Absolute black flies densities (nulliparous and pariparous) and infected black flies (with L1 and L2 larvae): S. ochraceum, S. metallicum and S. callidum, in that order was the distribution of densities. Infected black flies were obtained in the 3 species. However, in despite of an irregular distribution in all the year, it was possible to identify 2 peaks of maximum infection of S. ochraceum in March, 1979 and March 1981. b) Monthly bite densities and infective bites.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  18. San Diego's High School Dropout Crisis

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    Wilson, James C.

    2012-01-01

    This article highlights San Diego's dropout problem and how much it's costing the city and the state. Most San Diegans do not realize the enormous impact high school dropouts on their city. The California Dropout Research Project, located at the University of California at Santa Barbara, has estimated the lifetime cost of one class or cohort of…

  19. História e memórias do banco de leite humano do Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (1987-2009 em Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil History and memories of the human milk bank of the Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (1987-2009 in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Karenina Elice Guimarães Carvalho

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: reconstituir a história do Banco de Leite Humano (BLH do Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira (IMIP, enfocando os idealizadores e a inauguração do serviço. MÉTODOS: estudo descritivo, transversal com enfoque histórico, orientado pela metodologia da história oral. Privilegiou-se a consulta a fontes bi¬bliográficas e a entrevista direta a sete participantes, com roteiro estruturado. A análise das falas desvelou duas categorias: "Criação do banco de leite humano do IMIP: os idealizadores e suas influências"; e "A inauguração". RESULTADOS: o BLH do IMIP foi criado em 1987, com a idealização e o incentivo do Professor Fernando Figueira e da Dra. Vilneide Braga, e para suprir as necessidades da Maternidade e da unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal. Da inauguração, participaram autoridades políticas, autoridades em aleitamento materno, celebridades da mídia e profissionais do hospital. CONCLUSÕES: o entrelaçamento entre história e memória, conduzido pelas trilhas da história oral, foi matriz para a construção da origem e evolução do BLH do IMIP, a partir da fala de sujeitos envolvidos nos fatos. A história do BLH do IMIP é um processo inacabado, vivo, é uma força geradora de transformação, sonhos e esperança, que mantém aceso o ideal de um mundo melhor para as crianças, para as mães e para a sociedade.OBJECTIVES: to recount the history of the Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira (IMIP's Human Milk Bank (HMB, focusing on its pioneers and the introduction of the service. METHODS: a descriptive transversal study with historical focus based on the methods of oral history. The main materials used were bibliographical sources and direct structured interviews with seven participants. Content analysis revealed two categories: "the Creation of the IMIP's Human Milk Bank: its pioneers and their influences"; and "the Introduction of the Service". RESULTS: the IMIP

  20. Prevalência dos defeitos de fechamento do tubo neural em recém-nascidos do Centro de Atenção à Mulher do Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira, IMIP: 2000-2004 Neural tube defects prevalence in newborn infants in the Women Care Center of the Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira, IMIP: 2000-2004

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    Sâmya Silva Pacheco

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: conhecer a prevalência de defeito de fechamento do tubo neural (DFTN em crianças nascidas na maternidade do Centro de Atenção à Mulher do Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP no período de 2000 a 2004. MÉTODOS: estudo descritivo, do tipo corte transversal, cujos dados foram coletados de um banco de dados do Sistema de Informações sobre Nascidos Vivos do qual foram selecionados todos os registros de recém-nascidos com malformação fetal. A partir daí selecionaram-se os recém-nascidos com DFTN ocorridos no período considerado. RESULTADOS: entre os 24.964 nascimentos, foram registrados 709 recém-nascidos apresentando alguma malformação ao nascer. Ao se considerar apenas os recém nascidos com DFTN, observaram-se 124 registros, representando uma prevalência de 0,5% entre nascimentos naquele período. Os recém-nascidos com DFTN apresentaram características semelhantes aos recém-nascidos com malformações, de uma forma geral. A maioria (68,5% desses recém-nascidos era de parto cesariano e 37,7% apresentaram baixo peso ao nascer. CONCLUSÕES: a prevalência de DFTN entre os nascimentos registrados no Centro de Atenção à Mulher do Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira foi elevada (5/1000 nascimentos e isso, provavelmente é reflexo do fato de a maternidade ser referência para gestações de alto-risco.OBJECTIVES: to determine neural tube closing defects in newborns delivered in the maternity ward of the Women Care Center of the Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP. METHODS: a descriptive cross-sectional cohort study, with data collected from a Born Alive Information System from which all records of newborns with fetal malformation were selected. From these records the ones pertaining to newborns between 2000 and 2004 with the neural tube closing defect were considered. RESULTS: of 24.964 births, 709 newborns with some type of malformation were registered. When