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Sample records for san fernando chiapas

  1. Formulación de un plan de desarrollo agropecuario y forestal para una comunidad ejidal del municipio de San Fernando, Chiapas, México

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    Leopoldo Medina Sansón

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El perfil socioeconómico de Chiapas es primordialmente rural, debiendo reconocerse la diversidad de sus actividades agropecuarias y forestales para generar condiciones específicas de desarrollo. Considerando lo anterior, se realizó esta investigación entre mayo de 1998 y diciembre de 1999, como un estudio de caso sobre los aspectos agropecuarios y forestales más relevantes en el ejido Villa Allende, que expresa problemas ejidales característicos de la región. El ejido cuenta con 3.300 hectáreas, 554 ejidatarios y se ubica en el municipio de San Fernando en la Región Central de Chiapas. Se estudiaron las circunstancias de los ejidatarios, conocimiento local y procesos de trabajo agrícola desde una perspectiva de planeación. A partir de ello se generó el plan de desarrollo, el cual es el primero expuesto en el municipio de San Fernando que se dirige al sector ejidal. Su propósito es plasmar una propuesta general en materia agropecuaria y forestal que pueda ser base para la concertación y que permita vislumbrar opciones dirigidas a mejorar la calidad de vida de los habitantes del ejido Villa Allende. Se postulan las siguientes políticas de desarrollo: 1. Fortalecimiento de la producción y la autosuficiencia alimentaria. 2. Impulso al crecimiento económico. 3. Dotación de infraestructura básica. 4. Reordenamiento agropecuario y forestal con criterios sociales, ecológicos y económicos. 5. Promoción de la salud. Con base en las políticas, se enuncian objetivos programas y subprogramas o proyectos.Chiapas' State has an economical profile essentially rural so, it must be recognized the diversity of its agriculture, livestock and forestry to generate specific conditions of development. Considering the previous questions, this research was carried out between May of 1998 and December of 1999, as a case study about the most important aspects that are related to agriculture, livestock and forestry at the Villa Allende ejido, which

  2. San Fernando: ¿utopía o proyecto inconcluso?

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    Juan Pablo Murillo

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available El estudio analiza los distintos proyectos de modernización ocurridos en la Facultad de Medicina de San Fernando, en el contexto de una seria crisis institucional a finales del siglo XX. Para ello, a partir de las categorías de colectivo de pensamiento y estilo de pensamiento propuestos por Ludwick Fleck, se hace un estudio de los procesos socio-históricos relacionados con los distintas iniciativas desplegadas en la más antigua escuela de medicina del Perú. Un análisis de las diferentes iniciativas identificadas nos llevan a la hipótesis de que la crisis de San Fernando, como colectivo académico, se basa en las contradicciones propias de un proyecto institucional inconcluso, que además cíclicamente se manifiesta asincrónico y disfuncional, al complejo y cambiante entorno institucional y cultural de la sociedad peruana. El estudio sistematiza las principales características de los diferentes proyectos de modernización institucional. Luego de un análisis del actual contexto del sector salud peruano, a partir de los procesos identificados, se propone una agenda de desarrollo, orientada a generar un ciclo de acumulación y crecimiento académico, que constituya una etapa de transición de cara a los retos que el siglo XXI plantea a los miembros del colectivo San Fernandino.

  3. A simulation of the Upper San Fernando dam using a synthesized approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beaty, M.H.; Byrne, P.M.

    1999-01-01

    A mechanics-based approach to assessing post-liquefaction displacements in slopes is discussed. The approach, which involves approximation of soil behaviour by using numerical models, is derived from total stress procedures and is said to have two major advantages: (1) it combines the triggering and post-liquefaction response into one analysis, and (2) it improves the modeling of post-liquefaction element behaviour. Application of the approach is demonstrated through the simulation of the response of the Upper San Fernando dam to the 1971 San Fernando earthquake. Results were compared to the Bartlett and Youd empirical procedure and were found to agree with expectations reasonably well. Viscous damping, blowcount, and residual strength in simple shear were found to be the key variables. Some questions still remain to be answered regarding some of the input parameters, particularly the viscous damping coefficients. Research to further elucidate the mechanism is continuing. 21 refs., 19 figs

  4. Preliminary Geologic Map of the San Fernando 7.5' Quadrangle, Southern California: A Digital Database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yerkes, R.F.

    1997-01-01

    The city of San Fernando sits atop a structurally complex, sedimentologically diverse, and tectonically evolving late Tertiary-Quaternary basin situated within the Transverse Ranges of southern California. The surrounding San Fernando Valley (SFV) contains the headwaters of the Los Angeles River and its tributaries. Prior to the advent of flood control, the valley floor was composed of active alluvial fans and floodplains. Seasonal streams emanating from Pacoima and Big Tujunga Canyons drain the complex western San Gabriel Mountains and deposit coarse, highly permeable alluvium that contains generally high-quality ground water. The more shallow western part derives mainly from Tertiary and pre-Tertiary sedimentary rocks, and is underlain by less permeable, fine-grained deposits containing persistent shallow ground water and poorer water quality. Home of the 1971 San Fernando and the 1994 Northridge earthquakes, the SFV experienced near-record levels of strong ground motion in 1994 that caused widespread damage from strong shaking and ground failure. A new map of late Quaternary deposits of the San Fernando area shows that the SFV is a structural trough that has been filled from the sides, with the major source of sediment being large drainages in the San Gabriel Mountains. Deposition on the major alluvial fan of Tujunga Wash and Pacoima Wash, which issues from the San Gabriel Mountains, and on smaller fans, has been influenced by ongoing compressional tectonics in the valley. Late Pleistocene deposits have been cut by active faults and warped over growing folds. Holocene alluvial fans are locally ponded behind active uplifts. The resulting complex pattern of deposits has a major effect on liquefaction hazards. Young sandy sediments generally are highly susceptible to liquefaction where they are saturated, but the distribution of young deposits, their grain size characteristics, and the level of ground water all are complexly dependent on the tectonics of the valley

  5. Soil types and limiting factors in agricultural production in the San Fernando district, Tamaulipas, Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Espinosa Ramirez, M.; Garza Cedillo, R.; Andrade limas, E.; Belmonte Serrato, F.

    2009-01-01

    The limiting factors in agricultural production, defined as those properties and characteristics of the geographical environment that influence the development of crops, can be diverse and are grouped with the physical environment of soil. They are the result of soil characteristics and soil degradation processes by anthropogenic influence. Due to the above, the objective of this study was to identify and surveying the limitative factors to agricultural production, as well as to define its ability land use capacity in San Fernando district, Tamaulipas. (Author) 7 refs.

  6. The Massacres of Migrants in San Fernando and Cadereyta: Two Examples of Necropolitan Governmentality

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    Amarela Varela Huerta

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The text addresses two emblematic massacres of migrants from contemporary Mexico, the San Fernando, Tamaulipas massacre in 2010, and the Cadereyta, Nuevo Leon massacre in 2012 as examples of a "necropolitan governmentality" of migrations in Mesoamerica. It is hypothesized that these massacres are, in addition to disputes over territorial control, crimes that with their performativity seek to exemplify the punishment for those who dare to disobey the laws of access and permanence in the North American territory (Mexico or United States of America. It is an analytical exercise that emphasizes the violence against migrants, which are essential scenarios to be understood in contemporary migratory studies.

  7. [The characterization of biosolids produced by the San Fernando wastewater treatment plant in Itagui, Antioquia, Colombia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bedoya-Urrego, Katherine; Acevedo-Ruíz, José M; Peláez-Jaramillo, Carlos A; Agudelo-López, Sonia Del Pilar

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective This study was aimed at evaluating pertinent physicochemical and microbiological (bacteria and parasites) parameters regarding the biosolids produced by the San Fernando wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in Itagui, Antioquia, Colombia. Methods Twelve samples were collected and evaluated every month from January to December during 2010. The chemical, physical and microbiological tests followed the protocol described in Colombian technical guideline 5167. The protocol described in Mexican official Norm 004 (with some modifications) was used for identifying helminth ova and assessing their viability. Results All samples proved positive for Ascarislumbricoides, viable ova count ranging from 4 to 22 eggs/2gTS. Both Salmonella and Enterobacteriawere detected in all samples evaluated, the latter having 3,000 colony forming unit (CFU)/g minimum concentration. Biosolid sample values met the heavy metal concentration requirement established by national guidelines. There was no statistical association between rainfall and the pathogen's presence in the biosolids. Conclusion Our results suggested that the biosolids being produced by the San Fernando wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) could be used as organic fertilizer; however they should be treated/sanitized to meet the stipulations in Colombian technical guideline 5167.

  8. San Fernando en el siglo XX: de la ciudad concentrada al mosaico urbano / The city of San Fernando in the 20th Century: from a compact city to an urban mosaic

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    Maritza Saavedra Meléndez

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available La escasez de material acerca de la evolución reciente de la forma urbana de la ciudad de San Fernando, Región del Libertador Bernardo O’Higgins, ha sido la principal motivación para llevar a cabo este trabajo de investigación, que ha buscado traer a la memoria sus principales momentos urbanos.Se inicia cuando los efectos de calidad y cantidad de los procesos de urbanización (González y Romero, 2005 (González et al, 2004 y efectos de la agroindustrialización se hacen evidentes en su estructura urbana. La ciudad se transforma paulatina y sostenidamente, transformando también sus propios espacios urbanos. /This paper presents the evolution of the urban shape of San Fernando, modified by the new proccess of housing and agriculture.

  9. Syngas obtainment from the gasification of asphaltenes of the San Fernando crude oil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moreno A, Laura; Rodriguez C, Fabio; Afanador R, Luz E; Grosso V, Jorge

    2010-01-01

    In this work, we developed the first study in Colombia to obtain and evaluate syngas compositions derived from asphaltenes gasification. These asphaltenes came from the implementation of a Deasphalting process to San Fernando crude oil, with the purpose of looking for technological options for their utilization. We performed the design, installation and commissioning of facilities for the gasification of asphaltenes at laboratory scale, it following an experimental methodology, performing nine tests and considering temperature and agent gasification quantity (oxygen) as independent variables. The syngas derived from gasification was analyzed by two chromatographic techniques, which reported the presence of refinery gases and sulfur. We evidenced a growth tendency of CO, H 2 and sulfur composition and a decrease in CH 4 and CO 2 composition with temperature. The composition of the syngas was evaluated with different quantities of gasification agent (33%, 40% and 47% the amount of oxygen theoretically required for complete combustion) at each temperature levels operated. It was established that when using a 40% of gasification agent, you get greater average content of CO and H 2 , which are the interest gases in the gasification process.

  10. Syngas obtainment from the gasification of asphaltenes of the San Fernando crude oil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moreno Arciniegas, Laura Smith; Rodriguez Corredor, Fabio Ernesto; Afanador Rey, Luz Edelmira; Grosso Vargas, Jorge Luis

    2009-01-01

    In this work, we developed the first study in Colombia to obtain and evaluate syngas compositions derived from asphaltenes gasification. These asphaltenes came from the implementation of a Deasphalting process to San Fernando crude oil, with the purpose of looking for technological options for their utilization. We performed the design, installation and commissioning of facilities for the gasification of asphaltenes at laboratory scale, it following an experimental methodology, performing nine tests and considering temperature and agent gasification quantity (oxygen) as independent variables. The syngas derived from gasification was analyzed by two chromatographic techniques, which reported the presence of refinery gases and sulfur. We evidenced a growth tendency of CO, H 2 and sulfur composition and a decrease in CH 4 and CO 2 composition with temperature. The composition of the syngas was evaluated with different quantities of gasification agent (33%, 40% and 47% the amount of oxygen theoretically required for complete combustion) at each temperature levels operated. It was established that when using a 40% of gasification agent, you get greater average content of CO and H 2 , which are the interest gases in the gasification process.

  11. El castillo de San Romualdo (San Fernando, Cádiz. Aproximación estratigráfica y evolución constructiva

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    Utrera Burgal, Raquel M.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This article shows the results of the archaeological research carried out in the castle of San Romualdo, the most emblematic building of the city of San Fernando and a defensive fortress tied to the control access of Cádiz. The standing building recording has enabled to know the building evolution from its origins until the present. Studies have hitherto confirmed the chronological conclusions already proposed in 2003. That is, the current castle is a medieval Christian building erected in the second half of the 13th century thanks to Mudejar workers and materials reused from a previous building.Presentamos en este artículo los resultados de nuestra investigación arqueológica en el castillo de San Romualdo, el edificio más emblemático de la ciudad de San Fernando y fortaleza defensiva ligada al control del acceso a Cádiz. El análisis estratigráfico de alzados ha permitido conocer la evolución constructiva del edificio, desde sus orígenes hasta la actualidad. Hasta ahora los estudios confirman las conclusiones en cuanto a su datación presentadas en el año 2003, es decir, el castillo, tal y como hoy lo conocemos, es una construcción medieval cristiana, realizada durante la segunda mitad del siglo XIII, con mano de obra mudéjar y con materiales reutilizados de una edificación anterior.

  12. Stratigraphy, geochronology, and paleoenvironments of Miocene - Pliocene boundary of San Fernando, Belén (Catamarca, northwest of Argentina)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonini, Ricardo A.; Georgieff, Sergio M.; Candela, Adriana M.

    2017-11-01

    The Santa María-Hualfín Basin was proposed as a regional synchronous lithostratigraphic depocenter in the geological province of Northwestern Pampean Ranges, Northwestern Argentina. However, new 40Ar-39Ar dating indicates that deposits toward the east, in Santa María Valley (Santa María Department), are younger than the western depocenter in San Fernando (Belén Department). Therefore, it would be more appropriate to study these valleys as separate basins, each one with its own tecto-sedimentary features. The east basin, named in this paper Villavil-Quillay, constitutes an elongated independent basin that developed along the front of the eastern Puna bordering with Papachacra and Durazno Ranges. This basin is composed of more than 3000 m of mudstone, sandstone, conglomerates, volcaniclastic and pyroclastic deposits. Villavil-Quillay basin develops onto a peneplain of Precambrian and lower Cambrian rocks, most of which are metamorphic and granites rocks. The sedimentary fill consists of Cretaceous? and Cenozoic continental deposits. The Cenozoic record is composed of a) the Santa María Group (Miocene-Pliocene), formed by Las Arcas, Chiquimil, Andalhuala and Corral Quemado Formations, and b) the Punaschotter unit (Puna's Gravels in German, Pleistocene). This study involves the Andalhuala, Corral Quemado and Punaschotter deposits cropping out in San Fernando area. The set of identified facies assemblage corresponding to the Andalhuala Formation shows a vertical variation of fluvial sub-environments, varying from permanent sandy braided rivers to gravel rivers and aeolian dunes culminating in an alluvial dry cycle. While facies assemblages of the Corral Quemado Formation allow inferring the development of ephemeral water bodies from secondary channels on the floodplain, the Punaschotter conglomerates indicate the development of gravel channels and bars. Three samples of tuffs interbedded in the sedimentary levels of Andalhuala Formation were dated indicating that

  13. The Effect of Saturation on the Slope Sliding in the San Juan de Grijalva Comunity, Chiapas

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    Mora-Ortiz R.S.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A number of slopes that have been stable during many years may fail when an extraordinary rain period occurs. This phenomenon involves not only the lithology, the geometric and the mechanical characteristics of the slope but also the rain-evaporation-infiltration regime of the site. In this paper, the stability of a slope in the comunity of San Juan de Grijalva, Ostuacán, Chiapas (Mexico that failed during an intense raining period is analyzed. The volume of this slide was over 5 millions of cubics meters of soil and it produced the obstruction of the Grijalva river. The stratigraphic and geometric properties of the slope were determined and undisturbed samples were obtained in the site to determine the mechanical properties of the material. The stability analysis considered the variation of the cohesion of the soil caused by wetting and it was possible to observe the evolution of the safety factor with the water content of the material. Through the analysis of the rain infiltration and the stability of the slope, it has been possible to reproduce the failure process.

  14. Proyecto de mejora y acondicionamiento como apeadero multimodal de la parcela ARI-T03 y de varios viales en el municipio de San Fernando (Cádiz)

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz Ramos, Jesús

    2014-01-01

    El objeto del presente Proyecto es definir las obras necesarias para la correcta ejecución de las obras de mejora y acondicionamiento como apeadero multimodal de la parcela ARI-T03 y de varios viales, en el municipio de San Fernando (Cádiz).

  15. El círculo meridiano automático de San Fernando - San Juan. Sus primeros pasos en el hemisferio sur

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallamaci, C. C.; Muiños, J. L.; Gallego, M.; Pérez, J. A.; Marmolejo, L.; Navarro, J. L.; Sedeño, J.; Vallejos, M.; Belizón, F.

    Se informa sobre el estado actual del Círculo Meridiano Automático de San Fernando-San Juan. El instrumento (Grubb-Parson, de 178mm de abertura y 2665 mm de distancia focal) es gemelo del que se encuentra en las Islas Canarias, y fue instalado durante los meses de julio y agosto de 1996 en la estación astronómica ``Dr. C.U.Cesco" (El Leoncito, Barreal), a unos 200 km de distancia de la ciudad de San Juan, merced a un Convenio de Cooperación Científica, firmado en 1994 entre el ROA (España) y el OAFA (Argentina). En la actualidad se está llevando a cabo un programa de prueba cuyos resultados preliminares muestran que el telescopio está en buenas condiciones para observar estrellas de hasta magnitud aproximada 14.5, con buenos errores de observación (<0.12" en ascensión recta y declinación).

  16. Efectividad de la crema de Aloe vera en pacientes con psoriasis vulgar de la Parroquia San Fernando

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    Yoisel Belen Ruiz

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio de intervención terapéutica en 20 pacientes con psoriasis vulgar, pertenecientes a la Parroquia San Fernando, en Montes, Estado Sucre (Venezuela, de mayo a diciembre del 2013, quienes fueron seleccionados aleatoriamente y asignados en 2 grupos de idéntica cantidad de integrantes: el de control, que utilizó medicación convencional con triamcinolona, y el de estudio, que recibió tratamiento tópico con crema de Aloe vera (sábila de base inerte; a fin de determinar la efectividad de esta última. Para establecer la comparación entre ambos grupos, se emplearon técnicas no paramétricas debido al número reducido de pacientes, y siempre se consideró un nivel de significación de 0,05. Se obtuvo que la modalidad terapéutica con crema de sábila fuera tan efectiva como la aplicación de la triamcinolona, pero a diferencia de esta última, no presentó reacciones adversas. Así, pudo concluirse que la terapia con Aloe vera es efectiva para tratar pacientes con psoriasis vulgar

  17. Neoliberal policies and urban reconfigurations. Victoria, San Fernando, province of Buenos Aires, a city understood from theory

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    Laura Ester Donadío

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to explain from a theoretical conceptual approach the particularities that exist in Victoria, San Fernando, Buenos Aires, from its urban production. Through a series of field works, semi-structured interviews and observations, it was possible to perceive that in this locality, there are three logics of city production, market, state and necessity, according to Abramo, P. (2002. The post-development cities of Latin America, a space in which constant tensions are generated that alter the harmonious development of daily life and the interaction of those who inhabit the area. On the other hand, it is also perceived that the inhabitants naturalize that way of life, their spatial disposition, the progressive privatization of public areas and the proliferation of closed housing estates. Here is a quote that we have heard repeatedly in interviews with the neighbors: "No one in Victoria gives a ball to anyone." At the moment of understanding Victoria from the theory, we take into account such concepts as the "heterotopy" of Foucault M. (1967 - understood as the juxtaposition of spaces that would be incompatible -the term "com-fusa city" (Abramo P. - as an urban structure that interweaves two traditional models (the Mediterranean compact and the Anglo-Saxon diffused, the notion of "privatopia" by I.Rodriguez Chumillas (2005 and E. Mckenzie (1994 as private spatial consolidation, and finally the concepts: informative and dual cities of R Castells (1995 terms that emerge from the process of globalization, which may be useful to think about the reality of Victoria .

  18. Estudio, catalogación y digitalización de las encuadernaciones artísticas de la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

    OpenAIRE

    Flores Hernández, Yohana Yessica

    2016-01-01

    El estudio que presentamos tiene como objetivos generales la identificación, el control, análisis y la difusión de las encuadernaciones artísticas de la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando; tanto de su Biblioteca–Archivo, así como del Museo y del Archivo Calcográfico, procurados mediante la catalogación, digitalización y libre acceso. La teoría en que basamos el estudio, sostiene que las encuadernaciones son fuente de información, que debido a sus particularidades, se les debe trata...

  19. Evaluation of the Pseudostatic Analyses of Earth Dams Using FE Simulation and Observed Earthquake-Induced Deformations: Case Studies of Upper San Fernando and Kitayama Dams

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    Tohid Akhlaghi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Evaluation of the accuracy of the pseudostatic approach is governed by the accuracy with which the simple pseudostatic inertial forces represent the complex dynamic inertial forces that actually exist in an earthquake. In this study, the Upper San Fernando and Kitayama earth dams, which have been designed using the pseudostatic approach and damaged during the 1971 San Fernando and 1995 Kobe earthquakes, were investigated and analyzed. The finite element models of the dams were prepared based on the detailed available data and results of in situ and laboratory material tests. Dynamic analyses were conducted to simulate the earthquake-induced deformations of the dams using the computer program Plaxis code. Then the pseudostatic seismic coefficient used in the design and analyses of the dams were compared with the seismic coefficients obtained from dynamic analyses of the simulated model as well as the other available proposed pseudostatic correlations. Based on the comparisons made, the accuracy and reliability of the pseudostatic seismic coefficients are evaluated and discussed.

  20. Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 9): North Hollywood/Burbank Well Field Area 1, San Fernando Valley Site, California (first remedial action), September 1987. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1987-09-24

    The North Hollywood - Burbank Well Field (NHBWF) is located within the San Fernando Valley Ground Water basin, which can provide drinking water for approximately 500,000 people residing in the San Fernando Valley and Los Angeles. In 1980 TCE and PCE were discovered in 25% of DWP's wells. In July 1981, DWP and the Southern California Association of Governments began a two-year study funded by EPA. The study revealed the occurrence of ground-water contamination plume patterns that are spreading toward the southeast. The primary contaminant of concern to the ground-water is TCE with PCE and other VOCs present. The selected remedial action for the site is ground-water pump and treatment using aeration and granular-activated-carbon - air-filtering units, with discharge to the DWP Pumping Station for chlorination and distribution. Spent carbon will be removed and replaced with fresh carbon, with the spent carbon scheduled either for disposal or regeneration. The estimated capital cost for this remedial action is $2,192,895 with present worth OandM of $2,284,105.

  1. Ground-Water Quality Data in the San Fernando-San Gabriel Study Unit, 2005 - Results from the California GAMA Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Land, Michael; Belitz, Kenneth

    2008-01-01

    Ground-water quality in the approximately 460 square mile San Fernando-San Gabriel study unit (SFSG) was investigated between May and July 2005 as part of the Priority Basin Assessment Project of the Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment (GAMA) Program. The GAMA Priority Basin Assessment Project was developed in response to the Groundwater Quality Monitoring Act of 2001 and is being conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the California State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB). The San Fernando-San Gabriel study was designed to provide a spatially unbiased assessment of raw ground-water quality within SFSG, as well as a statistically consistent basis for comparing water quality throughout California. Samples were collected from 52 wells in Los Angeles County. Thirty-five of the wells were selected using a spatially distributed, randomized grid-based method to provide statistical representation of the study area (grid wells), and seventeen wells were selected to aid in the evaluation of specific water-quality issues or changes in water chemistry along a historic ground-water flow path (understanding wells). The ground-water samples were analyzed for a large number of synthetic organic constituents [volatile organic compounds (VOCs), pesticides and pesticide degradates], constituents of special interest [perchlorate, N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), 1,2,3-trichloropropane (1,2,3-TCP), and 1,4-dioxane], naturally occurring inorganic constituents (nutrients, major and minor ions, and trace elements), radioactive constituents, and microbial indicators. Naturally occurring isotopes (tritium, and carbon-14, and stable isotopes of hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon), and dissolved noble gases also were measured to help identify the source and age of the sampled ground water. Quality-control samples (blanks, replicates, samples for matrix spikes) were collected at approximately one-fifth (11 of 52) of the wells, and the results for these

  2. Fernando Colomo

    OpenAIRE

    Lara Martínez, María

    2011-01-01

    Este proyecto consiste en el estudio de la obra de Fernando Colomo, tanto audiovisual como pictórica. Se han analizado todos sus largometrajes, series de televisión, proyectos como productor e incluso sus cuadros. Además, de los dieciocho films realizados en su carrera, han sido elegidos ocho, los considerados de mayor relevancia, para ser examinados con la máxima profundidad. Se investigan las características más destacadas de dichas películas y cómo las constantes de su estructura ...

  3. Violencia, anticoncepción y embarazo no deseado. Mujeres indígenas en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas

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    M. Georgina Rivas

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio es parte de una investigación cualitativa que se realizó en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, México. Con base en entrevistas a mujeres indígenas inmigrantes, se hacen evidentes la influencia del entorno de marginación social así como el abuso de poder de los varones en el origen del embarazo no deseado. La sobrevaloración de los saberes masculinos, la expectativa de formar una unión como mandato social y como estrategia de sobrevivencia, así como la violencia que sufren las mujeres a lo largo de su ciclo de vida, condicionan su aceptación de relaciones sexuales con escasa protección anticonceptiva.

  4. Reseña de la contribución de San Fernando a la lucha contra la violencia: a review

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    Fausto Garmendia Lorena

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Las actividades de lucha contra la violencia se iniciaron en la Facultad de Medicina San Fernando, UNMSM, en marzo del año 2003. Las primeras acciones estuvieron encaminadas a la organización de un núcleo docente de trabajo y a acopiar la mayor información sobre las consecuencias en salud producidas por la violencia política ocurrida en el Perú en los años 1980 al 2000. En el presente artículo se presenta una reseña histórica de los inicios, los arduos procesos de organización, de capacitación de profesionales de la salud y profesores universitarios así como de la evaluación de los resultados obtenidos en la atención integral en salud a las víctimas de la violencia de las regiones que sufrieron la violencia política y otros logros paralelos de innovación, creatividad y trasferencia de conocimientos, para la sostenibilidad del proceso.

  5. Carlos Alberto Seguín: paradigma docente de la Facultad de Medicina de San Fernando, a 100 años de su nacimiento

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    Alberto Perales

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available A propósito del primer centenario del nacimiento (1907-2007, de Carlos Alberto Seguín, describimos tres facetas de su ejemplar trayectoria: sus años formativos, su presencia en la Facultad de Medicina de San Fernando, en el difícil periodo de los 60, y su digna actitud ante la muerte. Las avanzadas ideas sobre la nueva formación médica que Seguín postulaba, insistiendo en la necesidad de estudiar, diagnosticar y tratar tanto el área psicológica cuanto física del ser humano y no solo ‘su enfermedad’. Además, su propuesta metodológica de los ‘grupos formativos’, para que los estudiantes tuvieran la oportunidad de elaborar sus vivencias de contacto con el enfermo, no fueron bien comprendidas en la época que las formulara, creándose conflictos que el profesor prefirió evitar por el bien de la institución y porque comprendió que el estudiante de esa época no estaba dispuesto a realizar el esfuerzo necesario para tal logro. Su digna actitud ante la muerte se grafica en un verso que escribiera poco antes de morir. Seguín falleció el sábado 26 de agosto de 1995. Debe ser recordado como un paradigma docente sanmarquino.

  6. La arquitectura teatral a través de las pruebas de pensado en la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juana María Balsalobre García

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available La importancia histórica de la Academia y su influencia, en cuanto al hecho arquitectónico, se halla en la labor de la Comisión de Arquitectura. Ésta junta desempeñó la línea motriz del pensamiento académico. En resumen, el cuerpo de esta investigación se basa en el estudio de tres proyectos de teatros censurados por dicha Comisión. El interés de los planos y de los manuscritos es significativo, porque por un lado proporcionan documentación inédita en la actualidad, sobre tres teatros proyectados en España, por el otro encierran el juicio de valor que motivaron en la Academia. En tal contexto cabe señalar la postura abierta de la Academia, pues no se trataba de defender una curva para la planta de la sala, sino más bien la derivada de resolver el conjunto arquitectónico adecuadamente a su función.Thanks to its Architect Commission the Real Academy of San Fernando was basic to the ulterior development of the academic thought. The main object of the investigation is based on the study of the three theatre projects censored by that Commission. The significance of the plans and manuscripts is important because they show documentation unknown nowadays about the theatres planned in Spain in the Nineteenth Century and because they contain the architectural ideas of the Academy. We must point out the advanced ideas of the Academy in this context because it tried to resolve the architectural group appropriately to its function.

  7. Indígenas, campesinos y capitalismo: Una radiografía de San Juan Chamula, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Martínez Cuero

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es recuperar una cuestión aparentemente culminada en la década de los años setenta, los estudios del campesinado mexicano desde el enfoque estructural marxista. El análisis de la cuestión agraria no es la novedad de la investigación, tampoco el establecer la coexistencia de distintos modos de producción, sino mostrar los nuevos escenarios en los que diferentes lógicas económicas se articulan y se transforman; considerando la actual reconfiguración del espacio rural en una comunidad indígena y campesina de Los Altos de Chiapas, México. Se trata de un análisis cuantitativo y cualitativo en el que se establece una agenda común metodológica conformada por dos campos intercalados constantemente: teórico y empírico.

  8. La gráfica política y los marcos de acción colectiva en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas (2010-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos de Jesùs Gómez Abarca

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es interpretar la gráfica política realizada en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, integrada por composiciones que generalmente incluyen texto e imágenes. Se realizó, inicialmente, un análisis elemental de tipo semiótico visual a un registro fotográfico (2010-2013 de 63 producciones visuales, el cual fue complementado, posteriormente, con una interpretación desde la perspectiva de los marcos de acción colectiva. Se concluye que estas intervenciones, además de ser un vehículo de expresión política, constituyen marcos interpretativos que orientan las acciones colectivas de los diferentes actores políticos que confluyen en la ciudad.

  9. Posibilidades sociales de prevención de la infección por virus del papiloma humano y de cáncer cervicouterino en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, México

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    Mónica Adriana Luna Blanco

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Se muestran los resultados de un estudio realizado en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, con el fin de obtener información respecto al conocimiento que tenían en torno al virus del papiloma humano y su vínculo con el cáncer cervicouterino. Como resultado, se constató que la información biomédica en torno al cáncer cervical versus las prácticas de prevención reales de la población de estudio discrepan sustancialmente, ya que consideran más importante platicar sobre las prácticas sexuales en pareja, que utilizar protección o realizarse el Papanicolaou. Las campañas de detección oportuna no toman en cuenta estas realidades en su prevención.

  10. Género, etnia y generación en la prevención e interrupción de embarazos en jóvenes estudiantes hablantes de lenguas mayas migrantes a San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas (México Gênero, etnia e geração na prevenção e interrupção da gravidez em jovens estudantes de língua maia migrantes para San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas (México Gender, ethnicity and generation in pregnancy prevention and interruption among young Mayan speaking migrant students in San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas (Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana L. Reartes

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Desde hace algunos años la investigación sociodemográfica en México está registrando procesos de cambios importantes en la vida sexual y reproductiva de las y los jóvenes, particularmente entre aquellas/os jóvenes urbanos. De ahí la importancia de explorar qué está ocurriendo con los jóvenes rurales e indígenas al tomar en cuenta eventos tales como el inicio sexual, el uso del condón, la adopción de anticonceptivos o los conocimientos que cambian en función de la escolaridad alcanzada, el lugar de residencia, la lengua que habla, entre otros. El artículo se aproxima a las modalidades que adquiere la prevención e interrupción de embarazos entre estudiantes (mujeres y varones hablantes de lenguas mayas que han migrado de comunidades indígenas a la ciudad de San Cristóbal de Las Casas, en Chiapas.Nos últimos anos a pesquisa sócio-demográficas no México está passando por grandes mudanças nos processos da juventude sexual e reprodutiva e, particularmente entre a juventude urbana. Daí a importância de explorar o que está acontecendo com a juventude rural e indígena estar ciente que eventos como a iniciação sexual, uso de preservativos, a adoção de contracepção ou mudar o que é conhecido em termos de escolaridade, local de residência, idioma falado, entre outros. O artigo aborda as modalidades de prevenção e se torna a interrupção da gravidez entre os alunos (masculino e feminino falantes de línguas maias das comunidades indígenas migraram para a cidade de San Cristobal de las Casas, em Chiapas.In the past several years socio-demographic research in Mexico has been showing important changes in the sexual and reproductive lives of youth, especially among urban population. Hence the importance of exploring what processes are taking place among rural and indigenous youth, where events such as sexual initiation, the use of condoms or other forms of contraception, and knowledge vary according to the level of

  11. Orígenes del control de los proyectos de obras públicas por la Academia de San Fernando (1768-1777

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    José Enrique García Melero

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Trata sobre los orígenes de la censura de obras públicas en España por la Academia madrileña entre los años 1768 y 1777. Se estudian a través de la documentación hallada en su Archivo y la bibliografía paralela complementaria. Se hallan en una serie de representaciones de los académicos al Rey Carlos III, fechadas en los años 1768 y 1777, sobre la actividad gremial. Entonces se criticaba el empleo del estilo barroco por los gremios. La crítica se centró, sobre todo, en el retablo. En su realización participaban tanto los maestros gremiales como los arquitectos, escultores y pintores académicos. En este artículo se destaca la influencia indirecta de la Academia de San Carlos de Valencia en las reales órdenes de 1777. Con ellas se cumplió el ideal político de centralización de las obras públicas en la Corte, tan del agrado de los reyes españoles de la Ilustración.This article treats about the origins ofthe censure ofpublic works in Spain done by the Madrilenian Academy from 1786 to 1777. The studies done in this article are based on the documentation found in the own Academy's Archive and in other complementary sources. We can find these origins in a serie ofrequests made by the academics to the king Carlos III and that are dated between the years 1768 and 1777, about the guild activity. By this time it was criticised the use of the Baroque style by the guilds. The critic was basically focusedin the retablo. Its realization not only was a task of the guild masters but also architects, painters and sculptors take part. In this work we point out the indirect influence ofthe San Carlos Academy, from Valencia, in the roya! orders made in 1777.

  12. A taxonomic monograph of the genus Tylodinus Champion (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Cryptorhynchinae: Tylodina) of Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luna-Cozar, Jesús; Anderson, Robert S; Jones, Robert W; León-Corté, Jorge L

    2014-04-15

    The species of the genus Tylodinus from the Mexican state of Chiapas are revised. We examined 989 specimens representing 36 species; 23 species are grouped into eight species groups with 13 species considered as Incertae sedis. A total of 32 species are described as new and one species is a new record for México. Species groups  (numbers of species in parentheses) and species are: Tylodinus buchanani species group (6) T. buchanani new species (type locality: Chiapas, Unión Juárez, Volcán Tacan), T. exiguus new species (type locality: Chiapas, Motozintla, 7 km SSW Motozintla de Mendoza), T. ixchel new species (type locality: Chiapas, Unión Juarez, Volcán Tacan), T. jonesi new species (type locality: Chiapas, Angel Albino Corzo, Reserva de la Biosfera el Triunfo, Campamento el Quetzal), T. variabilis new species (type locality: Chiapas, San Cristóbal de las Casas, Cerro Huitepec), T. wibmeri new species (type locality: Chiapas, Motozintla, 7 km SSW Motozintla de Mendoza); Tylodinus canaliculatus species group (3) T. canaliculatus Champion (Chiapas, Unión Juárez, Volcán Tacan, new record for  México), T. sepulturaensis new species (Type locality: Chiapas, Villa Corzo, Ejido Sierra Morena), T. triumforium new species (Type locality: Chiapas, La Concordia, 4 km SE Custepec); Tylodinus cavicrus species group (3) T. cavicrus Champion, T. pseudocavicrus new species (type locality: Chiapas, San Cristóbal de las Casas, Cerro Huitepec), T. rugosus new species (type locality: Chiapas, Villa Flores, Sierra Morena); Tylodinus coapillensis species group (2) T. coapillensis new species (type locality: Chiapas, Coapilla, ca. 10.5 km NE Coapilla), T. leoncortesi new species (type locality: Chiapas, Pueblo Nuevo Solistahuacán, La Yerbabuena); Tylodinus mutabilis species group (2) Tylodinus mutabilis new species (type locality: Chiapas, Villa Corzo, Ejido Sierra Morena), T. parvus new species (type locality: Chiapas, Trinitaria, Lagunas de Montebello); Tylodinus

  13. Uso de remesas para la adquisición de tecnología agrícola en maíz en San José Chiapa, Puebla, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Turiján Altamirano

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El destino de las remesas varía de acuerdo a las necesidades de los hogares receptores, aunque generalmente se emplean en gastos de manutención, y en menores porcentajes se utilizan para otros rubros como el ahorro, gastos de educación, mejoras, ampliación o construcción de vivienda e inversiones como compra de tierras, inicio o capitalización de un negocio y adquisición de maquinaria agrícola. Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo determinar la contribución de las remesas en la adquisición de tecnología agrícola por productores de maíz de San José Chiapa, Puebla. Por ello se aplicó, en 2009, a una muestra representativa de 110 productores de maíz, una encuesta que abarcó aspectos sociodemográficos, económicos y agronómicos. Con la información recabada se estimó por una parte el nivel de adopción de tecnologías entre los productores utilizando el Índice de Apropiación de Tecnologías Modernas (IATM y el Grado de Empleo de Tecnologías Campesinas (GETC. Por otra parte, se clasificó a los productores en dos grupos: sin remesas y con remesas. La información se analizó utilizando estadística descriptiva, pruebas de t para comparcion de medias independientes y una regresión logística para seleccionar las variables que explicaran el uso de las remesas. Se observaron diferencias significativas en variables socioeconómicas donde el tamaño de la familia, la edad y el gasto mensual per cápita, el grupo con remesas obtuvo los valores más altos respecto al grupo sin remesas. En cuanto al manejo del maíz, se observó una mayor utilización de tecnologás modernas en distintas actividades agrícolas entre los productores con remesas, a diferencia del grupo sin remesas. Por lo que se entiende que el Índice Apropiación de Tecnologías Modernas haya resultado más alto en el grupo con remesas (59.5 unidades. Así mismo, este grupo obtuvo un rendimiento más alto con 2.92 t/ha. Tal situación refleja que las remesas juegan

  14. Transformaciones agrícolas en el contexto periurbano de la ciudad de San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Araceli Calderón Cisneros

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available San Cristóbal de Las Casas ha crecido en las últimas décadas abarcando las zonas rurales circundantes. El objetivo del presente trabajo consistió en identificar las transformaciones que la interacción urbano-rural imprime sobre la actividad agrícola de un área periurbana: el cerro Huitepec. Se revisó información documental y se levantaron 100 entrevistas abiertas y estructuradas entre población de las localidades rurales e informantes clave. Aunque ha perdido relevancia como fuente de ingresos económicos familiares, la agricultura y la cría de animales de traspatio aún tienen un papel significativo para el autoconsumo familiar.

  15. Graffiti: una expresión político-cultural juvenil en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, México

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    Jesús Gómez-Abarca

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo en este artículo es ayudar a comprender los componentes políticos y culturales asociados al desarrollo del graffiti en San Cristóbal de Las Casas. Realicé la investigación entre los años 2010 y 2012, desde el paradigma cualitativo, basado en la interpretación de registros etnográficos y entrevistas con sus productores y productoras. El graffiti emerge en esta ciudad desde la década de los noventa del siglo pasado, como una producción cultural, en torno a la cual las y los jóvenes construyen identidades individuales y colectivas; representan sus realidades, se (reapropian de los espacios públicos, cuestionan el ordenamiento socio-espacial y generan disputas por la definición del paisaje urbano. Con base en estos resultados concluyo que el graffiti es un producto cultural complejo a través del cual las y los jóvenes se posicionan como sujetos políticoculturales.

  16. Profesor Doctor Fernando Sonnet: In Memoriam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto José Figueras

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Recuerdo del Profesor Doctor Fernando Sonnet, destacado docente e investigador, en las áreas de economía agraria, economía de empresas y microeconomía, en el Instituto de Economía y Finanzas de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.Palabras Clave: Fernando H. Sonnet; Recuerdo; Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.Código JEL: B32. Professor Doctor Fernando Sonnet: In MemoriamAbstractRemembrance of Professor Doctor Fernando Sonnet, a senior lecturer and researcher in the areas of agricultural economics, business economics and microeconomics at the Institute of Economics and Finance at the Faculty of Economics, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.Keywords: Fernando H. Sonnet; Memory; Universidad Nacional de CórdobaJEL Classification: B32.

  17. Fernando Zamora: un poeta raro

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    Julián Alonso

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Fernando Zamora no es solo un poeta que pinta o un pintor que escribe, sino un creador en el más amplio sentido de la palabra, un espíritu libre y fronterizo que no se deja influenciar por los clichés al uso en cuanto a lo que es y no es Arte, ni por la obsesiva sistematización que de las diferentes disciplinas trata de establecer la crítica tradicional. Fernando Zamora pinta, escribe, pasea, reflexiona pero es mucho más que eso, porque no se entendería el todo sin sus partes. Para inspirarse necesita pasear, recorrer campo y caminos, alejarse de la civilización pero para completar su tarea también precisa regresar a territorio conocido y pisar tierra firme, por más que vuelva siempre cargado de ideas y objetos perdidos o desahuciados. Transita por la frontera, a veces de un lado, a veces del otro, las más con un pie en cada orilla, y así surgen unas obras que pocas veces podemos —ni él mismo puede— determinar a qué territorio pertenecen, pero ahí están, afirmando su existencia y la de su creador, un poeta raro, sin duda, pero también un artista con mayúsculas.

  18. Gutiérrez Narváez, Margarita de Jesús. 2014. Identidad, racismo y familia en San Cristóbal de Las Casas. México: Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas. 303 p

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisela Carlos Fregoso

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available El fenómeno del racismo en México es una práctica poco aceptada por el grueso de la población, so pretexto de que este país se considera mestizo. Ello no ha imposibilitado que, al igual que Margarita Gutiérrez Narváez, un sector de la academia latinoamericana, organizaciones magisteriales y populares, pero, sobre todo, movimientos sociales como el EZLN, hayan traído el tema al ámbito de lo público durante las últimas décadas, máxime en estados como Chiapas, México.

  19. Fernando Alonso murdus ja tunnistas seaduse rikkumist

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    McLareni meeskonnas sõitev vormel-1 kahekordne maailmameister Fernando Alonso tunnistas, et sai salajast teavet konkureerivast Ferrari tiimist, mistõttu hakatakse infoleket uuesti kõrgemal tasemel uurima

  20. OCCULTISM AND MEDIUMSHIP IN FERNANDO PESSOA

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    Alisson Diêgo Dias de Medeiros

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This work is the result of a research on the influence that the occultism had on the work of the Portuguese poet Fernando Pessoa. To delimitate the study, we selected papers of Fernando Pessoa, which  suggested that the poet considered himself medium, and hence influenced his work, building his depersonalization. This work presents, thus, as main objectiveto analyze personal papers of Fernando Pessoa, whose outstanding characteristic is the presence of occultism and the supposed mediumship defended by him in response to non-literary and heteronymic manifestations. To this end, I focused on specific objectives, which are: a to study the speech of Fernando Pessoa on his supposed mediumship / occultism b to analyze specific texts that are, for the poet, mediumistic manifestations c to study excerpts from a set of personal letters in which Fernando Pessoa suggested being a medium. It is true that this dissertation will address many discussions already made by scholars and specialists in Fernando Pessoa, but we consider the possibility to deepen issues and contribute to the critical fortune of the poet.

  1. El populismo de Fernando Vallejo

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    Oswaldo Ortegón Cufiño

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Desde una visión interdisciplinaria, este trabajo busca reconocer actitudes populistas en la narrativa y el habla de Fernando Vallejo. Se observa cómo el autor y el gramático narrador de sus novelas y film (1994-2010, 2000 recurren de forma insistente y unívoca a la difusión de un pensamiento demoledor de la vieja institucionalidad, que funda la nación latinoamericana con estrategias comunicativas provocadoras, autoritarias, afectuosas y mesiánicas que, por lo general, tipifican el discurso populista. En la primera parte se discute el entronque ideológicopolítico de Vallejo con la tradición literaria latinoamericana. En la segunda parte se analiza la forma en la que discurren las estrategias comunicativas que se anotan. Algunas de sus novelas, ensayos y presentaciones públicas constituyen la materia de este trabajo. Al final, se destaca la genialidad del lenguaje vallejiano para articular una extraña forma de encantamiento social que carece de un estilo definido.

  2. Género, etnia y generación en la prevención e interrupción de embarazos en jóvenes estudiantes hablantes de lenguas mayas migrantes a San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas (México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana L. Reartes

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Desde hace algunos años la investigación sociodemográfica en México está registrando procesos de cambios importantes en la vida sexual y reproductiva de las y los jóvenes, particularmente entre aquellas/os jóvenes urbanos. De ahí la importancia de explorar qué está ocurriendo con los jóvenes rurales e indígenas al tomar en cuenta eventos tales como el inicio sexual, el uso del condón, la adopción de anticonceptivos o los conocimientos que cambian en función de la escolaridad alcanzada, el lugar de residencia, la lengua que habla, entre otros. El artículo se aproxima a las modalidades que adquiere la prevención e interrupción de embarazos entre estudiantes (mujeres y varones hablantes de lenguas mayas que han migrado de comunidades indígenas a la ciudad de San Cristóbal de Las Casas, en Chiapas.

  3. Péndulos astronómicos y cronómetros marinos de la armada: el observatorio de San Fernando y los antecedentes del patrón nacional de tiempo (1753-1957

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    González González, Francisco José

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available This article is a brief review on the precision clocks in use by the Spanish Navy during the XVIII, XIX and XX centuries. It deals with the introduction in Spain of marine chronometers needed for the application of the new techniques of astronomical navigation and also, with the evolution of the methods for time keeping and determination by astronomical pendulum clocks. Both facts placed the Navy and its Observatory in a good starting position for future activity in the field of the scientific study of time in our country.

    Este artículo presenta un breve estudio sobre los relojes de precisión usados por la Armada española durante los siglos XVIII, XIX y XX. Se trata, por una parte, sobre la introducción en España de los cronómetros marinos, necesarios para la aplicación de las nuevas técnicas de navegación astronómica. Se estudia, además, la evolución del sistema de determinación y conservación de la hora mediante péndulos astronómicos, origen del servicio horario del Observatorio de San Femando. Ambas vertientes sitúan a la Marina, y a su Observatorio, en un lugar preferente en los trabajos relacionados con el cómputo científico del tiempo en nuestro país.

  4. Chaos and creation in Fernando Pessoa

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    José Nuno Gil

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Fernando Pessoa's poem "A Múmia" describes a sort of psychotic experience, which shows the condition of the literary creation by itself. The poem springs from – and describes – the experience of psychic and existential chaos: criticism and clinic overlap in the making and analysis of "A Múmia" This critical reading aims at bringing some intelligibility to the creative processes and, in particular, to Pessoa's heteronyms.

  5. Fernando: An educational ahead-of-time bytecode compiler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Puffitsch, Wolfgang

    2015-01-01

    an educational platform. This paper presents the design of Fernando and explains the reasoning behind various design decisions. The design results in an extremely small code base of around 3k lines of code. While high performance was not a primary design goal, our evaluation shows that Fernando achieves...

  6. del turista politizado en Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Coronado

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza las interrelaciones entre turismo y política considerando el impacto de la rebelión indígena zapatista en el turismo en Chiapas, México. Mediante el análisis de productos turísticos y observaciones de campo la transformación de la industria turística se explica como efecto de las presiones de un nuevo tipo de visitante, el “turista politizado’. Atraído por el movimiento indígena y su relevancia como movimiento social global su posición política e ideológica creó demandas que impactaron sobre las redes organizacionales interétnicas y el valor social de la actividad turística. Como respuesta agentes turísticos indígenas y no indígenas generaron nuevas estrategias para la recuperación de su economía, incluyendo cambios en las redes organizacionales y comercializando símbolos e ideologías como “productos” turísticos.

  7. Fernando Cassinello Pérez, polyhedral architect

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    M. Centellas Soler

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The work of architect Fernando Cassinello Pérez (Almería, 1928-Madrid, 1975 rests on three pillars: architectural production focused on the design and construction of housing and hotel establishments, academic activity as Professor of Construction at the Escuela de Arquitectura de Madrid, and research concern developed in the IETcc of which he became director, and exercised as an author of books and research papers, as disseminator lecturer, speaker at major conferences or as an active member of international associations linked to construction with concrete. This article will review his prolific activity as polyhedral architect and will find interesting works that designed and built by relying on extensive contemporary and international architectural culture.

  8. Root Fernando-Kac subalgebras of finite type

    OpenAIRE

    Milev, Todor

    2010-01-01

    Let $\\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite-dimensional Lie algebra and $M$ be a $\\mathfrak{g}$-module. The Fernando-Kac subalgebra of $\\mathfrak{g}$ associated to $M$ is the subset $\\mathfrak{g}[M]\\subset\\mathfrak{g}$ of all elements $g\\in\\mathfrak{g}$ which act locally finitely on $M$. A subalgebra $\\mathfrak{l}\\subset\\mathfrak{g}$ for which there exists an irreducible module $M$ with $\\mathfrak{g}[M]=\\mathfrak{l}$ is called a Fernando-Kac subalgebra of $\\mathfrak{g}$. A Fernando-Kac subalgebra of $\\mat...

  9. Isotopic geochemistry of Fernando de Noronha

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gerlach, D.C.; Stormer, J.C. Jr.; Mueller, P.A.

    1987-01-01

    Volcanic and hybabyssal rocks ranging in age from 12 to 3 Ma from the Fernando de Noronha archipelago in the western equatorial Atlantic Ocean can generally be devided into two age-compositional groups that have variable and distinct isotopic compositions. Predominantly older alkali basalts and trachytes are generally characterized by more radiogenic Sr-isotopic ( 87 Sr/ 86 Sr=0.70457-0.70485) compositions and less radiogenic Nd-isotopic ( 143 Nd/ 144 Nd=0.51271-0.51281) and Pb-isotopic ( 206 Pb/ 204 Pb=19.132-19.282) compositions relative to the generally younger, more alkaline Si-undersaturated rocks which include nephelinites, ankaratrites, and melilitites ( 87 Sr/ 86 Sr=0.70365-0.70418, 143 Nd/ 144 Nd=0.51277-0.51290, 206 Pb/ 204 Pb=19.317-19.565). These variations suggest the influence of at least two separate components in the source(s) of both series. One component is characterized by high Rb/Sr and low μ, possibly derived from delaminated subcontinental lithosphere, whereas the other has high μ and low Rb/Sr similar to the source of St. Helena lavas. A third component is suggested by correlated compositions in the latest alkaline, Si-undersaturated lavas, and this component may be derived from depleted mantle. These isotopic variations in conjunction with the generally increasing degree of alkalinity with time are consistent with the temporal depletion of a low-μ, high Rb/Sr component and increasing contributions from a high-μ component in the source of the volcanic rocks of Fernando de Noronha. (orig.)

  10. Leyendas y narrativa popular en Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Cruz Coutiño

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente informe sintetiza la labor de identificación, acopio y sistematización de una parte importante de la narrativa tradicional de los pueblos del estado de Chiapas, México: relatos populares identificados como leyendas en el ámbito de la mitología religiosa y cosmogónica de las culturas ancestrales mesoamericanas.

  11. DE FRANCIA Y FRANCESES QUE NO LO FUERON: BORDUIN Y DUGELAY — CHIAPAS, SIGLO XIX—

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz del Rocío Bermúdez H.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Escasa y mal documentada, la migración francesa en Chiapas durante el siglo XIX puede encontrar una veta de investigación? en los casos de Borduin y Dugelay, padre e hijo, en la ciudad de San Cristóbal de Las Casas. El primero, conocido como «francés», aunque procedente del Bajo Canadá, se convirtió desde 1839 en figura central local, entre otros aspectos, por su apreciada profesión en medio de continuos brotes epidémicos. Más de cuatro décadas después, en pleno auge de la influencia francesa en México, Diego Dugelay gozó por su parte el privilegio doble del origen de su padre y el poder social, político y económico, heredados de su madre. Además del testimonio individual ambas trayectorias, alguna vez contrastantes y complementarias, muestran también ciertos mecanismos, aspiraciones y paradojas ocurridas en Chiapas durante su primera apertura hacia los «hermanos de allende los mares». ABSTRACT Scarcely and poorly documented, the French migration in Chiapas during the 19th century may find a vein of research[*] in the cases of Borduin and Dugelay, father and son, in the city of San Cristóbal de Las Casas. The first, known as “French” although in reality originating from francophone Canada, converted after 1839 into a central local figure, among other aspects, due to his esteemed profession amidst continuous epidemic outbreaks. More than four decades later, in the boom of French influence in Mexico, Diego Dugelay for his part enjoyed the double privilege of his father’s origin and the social, political and economic power inherited from his mother. In addition to the individual testimony, both trajectories, at times contrasting and others complementary, also demonstrate certain mechanisms, aspirations and paradoxes occurred in Chiapas during its first opening toward the “overseas brothers.”

  12. Etnografía de una territorialidad sagrada. La apropiación del espacio por exrefugiados guatemaltecos en Trinitaria, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enriqueta Lerma Rodríguez

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir del registro etnográfico, se aborda la construcción de la territorialidad sagrada en un asentamiento fundado durante el refugio de guatemaltecos en Chiapas, México. El objetivo es describir la ritualidad que actualmente realiza la población acateca de La Gloria, en el municipio de Trinitaria, para reivindicar su lugar de origen: San Miguel Acatán, en Huehuetenango, y sedimentar su apropiación territorial en Chiapas. Se analiza la importancia de la fiesta a San Miguel Arcángel, como continuidad de la identidad acateca, y la fiesta a la Virgen de la Candelaria, como forma de construir nuevas territorialidades sagradas. Con este análisis se muestra el proceso de hierofanización del territorio en contextos de movilidad.

  13. MAKING SENSE OF AUTONOMY IN INFORMATION ONLINE JOURNALISM IN CHIAPAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Bolaños Gordillo

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Censorship prevalent historically in the practice of journalism in Chiapas, several organizations have taken over the use of new information technologies to inform and comment on the events in Chiapas, including his own, thus creating an autonomous way of exercising this important activity.This article is the product of research done in 2010, which analyzed the influence of the EZLN in the development of a regional sense in the online journalism in Chiapas as well as the presence that gradually increases in several pages, blogs and social networks.

  14. Challenging Modernism: Fernando Pessoa and the Book of Disquiet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stoker, M.

    2013-01-01

    In this thesis I studied the Book of Disquiet by Portuguese author Fernando Pessoa (1888-1935) in order to determine to what extent the work could be linked to European literary modernism. In the first part of the thesis I focused on text-genetical issues to determine which manuscripts from Pessoa’s

  15. Journalists' working conditions in Chiapas/ La condición laboral del periodista en Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ddo. Hugo A. Villar Pinto; hvillar@unach.mx

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Even if they are at the center of the opinion and the information, journalists are not well-known. In fact, we know little about them: their salary, the relationships they establish with their sources, the values they profess, their level of education, their social security benefits and their work routines. In the absence of studies about journalists in the context of Chiapas, Mexico, this work aims to investigate the conditions under which journalists perform, the average salary they receive, their benefits and the social organizations they belong to. In Chiapas, there are approximately 300 journalists; the remaining employees are sometimes involved in the tasks of information and opinion. We have focused on these 300 journalists in order to do this project. They have become the object of our study. We surveyed 158 journalists who live in different parts of the state and, afterwards, we interviewed 88 of them. The article shows the workings conditions in which the Chiapas journalists perform their job: low wages and little support from their companies to carry out their task of providing information.Aunque están en el centro de la opinión y de la información, los periodistas son poco conocidos. Se sabe escasamente de ellos: salarios, relaciones que establecen con sus fuentes, valores que profesan, grados de estudio, prestaciones sociales y rutinas laborales. Ante la inexistencia de estudios sobre el periodista chiapaneco en el contexto de Chiapas, México, este trabajo tiene como objetivo indagar las condiciones en que se desempeña el periodista, el salario promedio que percibe, prestaciones sociales y las organizaciones a las que pertenece.El número aproximado de periodistas en Chiapas es de 300; el restante son colaboradores que participan ocasionalmente en las labores de información y opinión. En esos 300 nos hemos centrado para hacer este trabajo. Ellos fueron nuestro objeto de estudio. Encuestamos a 158 comunicadores que viven en

  16. Competencies in Community Instructors who Provide Service to the Indigenous Peoples of the State of Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Georgina Gómez Zermeño

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available This article shows the results of an exploratory-descriptive study on intercultural competencies in community instructors of the National Council for Educational Development (CONAFE providing service in the Modality of Educational Attention to the Indigenous Population (MAEPI in the region of San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas. It describes the historical background of Indian education in Mexico, and the contributions to community education, and develops concepts regarding intercultural education and intercultural competencies. The research methodology adopted a mixed method based on a non-experimental, trans-sectional and naturalistic ethnographic design of convergent triangulation. The conclusions outline the need to strengthen teacher training so as to build an educational model that would fully incorporate the intercultural approach.

  17. Imaginarios en el arte popular de Chiapas

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    Jesús Morales Bermúdez

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Under the guidance of intuition, in this paper I concentrate on the theme of certain imaginaries and representations in Chiapas from a rare point of view. It traverses some route of conception of the world and of the language inscribed in the craft objects, objects useful in first instance for its creators, before its decorative function or aesthetic stimulation for the consumers. This conception of the world does not exist as an explicit formulation in objects but our effort derives them from substrates of imagination, orality and literature, from which I try to draw a line, derived from myths, rites, poems. Apart from humanizing with our hands, we also humanized ourselves with the word.

  18. Comportamiento etológico de bovinos en sistemas silvopastoriles en Chiapas, México Ethological performance of cattle in silvopastoral systems of Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E Pérez

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available En el Centro Agropecuario de Capacitación y Desarrollo Sustentable San Antonio, en el municipio Chiapa de Corzo, Estado de Chiapas, México, se desarrolló esta investigación con el objetivo de determinar el efecto del uso. de árboles forrajeros en el comportamiento etológico de bovinos en condiciones de pastoreo intensivo. Se utiliza­ron 12 toretes encastados (Suizo x Cebú, con un peso vivo promedio de 157±3 kg, en un diseño completamente al azar con dos tratamientos (T1: Sistema silvopastoril y T2: Sistema monocultivo y seis repeticiones. El estrato herbáceo estaba formado por Panicum maximum var. Tanzania, en ambos sitios. Con relación al tiempo que los animales destinaban a la actividad de pastoreo, no se encontraron diferencias significativas entre tratamientos. Se observó una menor temperatura durante las horas de la mañana y la tarde en el sistema silvopastoril (23,9 y 26,6°C, en comparación con el sistema en monocultivo (26,4 y 28,1°C. Entre las variables pastoreo y tempera­tura in situ se encontró una correlación negativa en ambos sistemas, pero más marcada en el T2 (R=-0,41166­P=0,0003 que en el T1 (R=-0,28453-P=0,0154. Sin embargo, la tasa de crecimiento mostró diferencias signifi­cativas (PIn the San Antonio Agricultural Center of Training and Sustainable Development, in the Chiapa de Corzo municipality, Chiapas State, Mexico, this study was developed with the objective of determining the effect of the use of forage trees on the ethological performance of cattle under intensive grazing conditions. Twelve young bulls wee used (Swiss x Zebu, with an average live weight of 157±3 kg, in a completely randomized design with two treatments (T1: Silvopastoral system and T2: Monocrop system and six repetitions. The herbaceous stratum was formed by Panicum maximum var. Tanzania, in both sites. Regarding the time the animals destined to the grazing activity, no significant differences were found between treatments. A

  19. FERNANDO PESSOA - IMPERADOR DO QUINTO IMPÉRIO CULTURAL

    OpenAIRE

    Ferraz, Salma

    1995-01-01

    ABSTRACT: The present article has the main purpose to analyse the following topics: the begining of "Sebastianism"; to relate some religious doctrines of Middle Age with the "Sebastianism"; to place Portugal as a sacral society; the misterious vanishing of D. Sebastião and the faith in Encoberto; the appearing of troops from Bandarra; Priest Vieira and his lectures of the Sebastianism;the poets from Portugal and the Sebastianism; Fernando Pessoa and his distressing trial to understand Portuga...

  20. Vías para la articulación de la investigación en educación médica en la Facultad de Medicina de San Fernando con la investigación en recursos humanos en el Perú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Jesús Mendoza Arana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: En investigaciones previas se ha identificado la desarticulación entre la acción investigadora de la Universidad, y las prioridades de investigación o necesidades de conocimiento, entre otros campos, en el de la educación médica y la investigación educacional en salud, lo que resta aplicabilidad a los resultados de las investigaciones. Objetivos: Identificar factores explicativos de la desarticulación entre la investigación en educación médica en la Facultad de Medicina, y la investigación en recursos humanos en salud en el país. Diseño: Estudio de caso cualitativo. Institución: Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (UNMSM, Lima, Perú. Participantes: Informantes de la universidad y de la autoridad sanitaria nacional. Métodos: El estudio se basó en entrevistas semiestructuradas a informantes clave tanto de la universidad como de la autoridad sanitaria nacional. Principales medidas de resultados: Factores explicativos de desarticulación. Resultados: Los factores explicativos de la desarticulación entre la investigación en educación médica en la Facultad de Medicina y la investigación en recursos humanos en salud en el país fueron: a Una cultura de investigación dependiente de los recursos universitarios, que son escasos para investigaciones de mayor envergadura como los requeridos por el Ministerio de Salud (MINSA; b Para el MINSA, la UNMSM es una entidad de baja visibilidad; sus publicaciones en el campo de Recursos Humanos no son conocidas; c La investigación sanmarquina se visualiza como fruto de esfuerzos individuales, no de la existencia de equipos de investigación. Conclusiones: Las líneas de investigación consistentes con la experiencia e intereses de los investigadores de la Facultad de Medicina, enmarcadas en las prioridades de investigación de recursos humanos en Salud en el Perú, fueron a la articulación de la formación en pregrado de los recursos humanos en salud

  1. Luiz Fernando Carvalho: An Auteur of Brazilian Television

    OpenAIRE

    CARTER, ELI LEE

    2013-01-01

    In this study I combine Pierre Bourdieu's theoretical model for cultural production with auteur theory in an analysis of the work of acclaimed film and television director Luiz Fernando Carvalho. Perhaps best-known in the U.S. for his brilliant feature Lavoura Arcaica (To the Left of the Father, 2001), based on the novel by Raduan Nassar, most of Carvalho's activity has been in television, where he has directed adaptations of works by Ariano Suassuna (A Pedra do Reino), E�a de Queiroz (Os M...

  2. Fernando Cruz Kronfly and the fractured time of Destierro

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    Simón Henao-Jaramillo

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies Fernando Cruz Kronfly´s novel Destierro (2012 through categories like anachronism, presenteism and memory (Didi-Huberman, Hartog, Benjamin, among others in order to investigate the particular way in which the novel temporalizes the experience of exile. Destierro part from a present that, in perpetual motion, leading to a present of the already-gone, a narrative temporality made by absences. The time in this temporality and its links generated produces what we called ghost community, a kind of community which govern relations between that remains present and what does not.

  3. Identidades y tendencias migratorias desde la pesca en Chiapas y Tabasco

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    Práxedes Muñoz-Sánchez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de una etnografía, se revisan las nociones migratorias de los pobladores de dos regiones pesqueras en el sureste de México: Arriaga, estado de Chiapas, en la Costa del Pacífico, y La Barra de San Pedro, estado de Tabasco, en la Costa del Golfo de México, así como sus identidades y tendencias. La costa de Arriaga se localiza en una región de ámbito pesquero y paso fronterizo hacia Estados Unidos; por su parte, La Barra de San Pedro ha sido un lugar receptor de población veracruzana desde 1980 y en la actualidad laboralmente activa en la pesquería artesanal de mediana altura, compartiendo un espacio marino con la explotación petrolera. Como territorios de economía pesquera, observamos realidades, migración y tendencias en jóvenes de familias de pescadores, quienes con identidades similares y diferencias regionales están revirtiendo en el futuro de la pesca las intenciones de que perdure esta actividad y sus necesidades migratorias.

  4. Homenaje al Dr. Fernando Merino Niño

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisbeth Berrueta

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available encuentra tu pasión y hazla posible, dale un propósito a tu vida por encima de todo; que la motivación por alcanzar tus metas sea siempre mayor que el temor al fracaso” Anónimo FERNANDO MERINO NINO (1946-2011 DEDICO SU VIDA A SU PASION MÁS GRANDE: LA INVESTIGACION. Nació en España y a los 7 años de edad se mudó con su familia a Caracas, Venezuela, en donde creció y se obtuvo su título de Médico Cirujano a los 22 años de edad, en las aulas de la ilustre Universidad Central de Venezuela (UCV. Posteriormente, continuo su formación académica en Búfalo en el estado de Nueva York, USA, donde obtuvo el grado de Doctor en Ciencias y luego regresa a Venezuela e inicia su carrera como investigador en el Centro de Medicina Experimental del Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas (IVIC y paralelamente como profesor de la UCV adscrito al Instituto Anatomopatológico de la Universidad Central de Venezuela. Fernando

  5. Geology of El Chichon volcano, Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffield, Wendell A.; Tilling, Robert I.; Canul, Rene

    1984-03-01

    The (pre-1982) 850-m-high andesitic stratovolcano El Chichón, active during Pleistocene and Holocene time, is located in rugged, densely forested terrain in northcentral Chiapas, México. The nearest neighboring Holocene volcanoes are 275 km and 200 km to the southeast and northwest, respectively. El Chichón is built on Tertiary siltstone and sandstone, underlain by Cretaceous dolomitic limestone; a 4-km-deep bore hole near the east base of the volcano penetrated this limestone and continued 770 m into a sequence of Jurassic or Cretaceous evaporitic anhydrite and halite. The basement rocks are folded into generally northwest-trending anticlines and synclines. El Chichón is built over a small dome-like structure superposed on a syncline, and this structure may reflect cumulative deformation related to growth of a crustal magma reservoir beneath the volcano. The cone of El Chichón consists almost entirely of pyroclastic rocks. The pre-1982 cone is marked by a 1200-m-diameter (explosion?) crater on the southwest flank and a 1600-m-diameter crater apparently of similar origin at the summit, a lava dome partly fills each crater. The timing of cone and dome growth is poorly known. Field evidence indicates that the flank dome is older than the summit dome, and K-Ar ages from samples high on the cone suggest that the flank dome is older than about 276,000 years. At least three pyroclastic eruptions have occurred during the past 1250 radiocarbon years. Nearly all of the pyroclastic and dome rocks are moderately to highly porphyritic andesite, with plagioclase, hornblende and clinopyroxene the most common phenocrysts. Geologists who mapped El Chichón in 1980 and 1981 warned that the volcano posed a substantial hazard to the surrounding region. This warning was proven to be prophetic by violent eruptions that occurred in March and April of 1982. These eruptions blasted away nearly all of the summit dome, blanketed the surrounding region with tephra, and sent pyroclastic

  6. Homenaje al Dr. Fernando Merino Niño

    OpenAIRE

    Lisbeth Berrueta; Siham Salmen

    2013-01-01

    encuentra tu pasión y hazla posible, dale un propósito a tu vida por encima de todo; que la motivación por alcanzar tus metas sea siempre mayor que el temor al fracaso” Anónimo FERNANDO MERINO NINO (1946-2011) DEDICO SU VIDA A SU PASION MÁS GRANDE: LA INVESTIGACION. Nació en España y a los 7 años de edad se mudó con su familia a Caracas, Venezuela, en donde creció y se obtuvo su título de Médico Cirujano a los 22 años de edad, en las aulas de la ilustre Universi...

  7. Académico Fernando Serpa Flórez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Felix Patiño Restrepo

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Brillante, generoso, noble, escritor prolífico, un completo caballero, Fernando Serpa Flórez fue el prototipo del médico intelectual, humanista y humanitario. Su vocación por la salud pública lo llevó a ocupar altos cargos en el ramo: Secretario General del Ministerio de Salud, Secretario de Salud de Bogotá, Director del Instituto Nacional de Salud, Director del Ministerio de Salud y Ministro Encargado de Salud. Como Asesor de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, trabajó en Afganistán en el programa de erradicación de la viruela.
    Fue médico, jefe de Ecopetrol. Desde su elevada posición como Magistrado del Tribunal Nacional de Etica Médica, y con el ejemplo de su vida personal, como uno de los miembros más distinguidos de la Academia Nacional de Medicina, Fernando Serpa Flórez ocupa un lugar de particular distinción en la historia
    contemporánea de la medicina colombiana.

    Tuve el privilegio de su amistad por más de medio siglo, como condiscípulo en la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional y luego a través de los años compartiendo afectos e intereses. Me acompaño con talento, lealtad y dedicación como Director del Ministerio cuando ocupé el cargo de Ministro en el Gobierno del eximio Presidente Guillermo León Valencia. Para quienes lo conocimos de cerca, este vástago de
    una brillante familia de médicos, sobrevivirá en nuestra memoria y en sus obras...

  8. Judíos, indios y el mito del crimen ritual. El caso de Chamula, Chiapas, 1868

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Misgav Har Peled

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Entre 1867 y 1869 se vivió en Los Altos de Chiapas la rebelión de los indios chamulas contra los ladinos de San Cristóbal de Las Casas conocida como Guerra de Castas. Según la historia oficial, los indígenas crucificaron el Viernes Santo de 1868 a un niño de dicha comunidad tsotsil. Este hecho puede compararse con la “leyenda de sangre” imputada a los judíos, y su transferencia a los indios suscita preguntarse si se trata de un suceso aislado, o si responde a una lógica que vincula al indio salvaje con el judío como el asesino del Hijo de Dios.

  9. Lazaretos, historia y proyectos en la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando (II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juana María Balsalobre García

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Aunque su interés ya lia sido expresado en la primera parte del tema, aquí se trata de conjugar la aproximación histórica, acerca del lazareto, establecida por la historiografía, con la relevancia y características de unos proyectos arquitectónicos. En los que destacan los manuscritos escritos por los arquitectos y la importante parte gráfica de sus planos. Con el análisis de esas fuentes documentales se pretende mostrar la imagen académica y también la tipológica. Todos ellos son eslabones de nuestra arquitectura en las décadas centrales del siglo XIX.Although interest has already been expressed in the first part of this article, here the aim is to combine the histórica! details about the lazareto, which have been discovered by studying history, with the relevance and characteristics ofsome architectural projects. Amongst these projects, manuscripts written by architects and their important plans, stand out the most. By analysing these documents one aims to show both the academic image and also the model. These are all links to our architecture from the middie ofthe 19t century.

  10. Tracking on non-active collaborative objects from San Fernando Laser station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catalán, Manuel; Quijano, Manuel; Cortina, Luis M.; Pazos, Antonio A.; Martín-Davila, José

    2016-04-01

    The Royal Observatory of the Spanish Navy (ROA) works on satellite geodesy from the early days of the space age, when the first artificial satellite tracking telescope was installed in 1958: the Baker-Nunn camera. In 1975 a French satellite Laser ranging (SLR) station was installed and operated at ROA . Since 1980, ROA has been operating this instrument which was upgraded to a third generation and it is still keep into a continuous update to reach the highest level of operability. Since then ROA has participated in different space geodesy campaigns through the International Laser Service Stations (ILRS) or its European regional organization (EUROLAS), tracking a number of artificial satellites types : ERS, ENVISAT, LAGEOS, TOPEX- POSEIDON to name but a few. Recently we opened a new field of research: space debris tracking, which is receiving increasing importance and attention from international space agencies. The main problem is the relatively low accuracy of common used methods. It is clear that improving the predicted orbit accuracy is necessary to fulfill our aims (avoiding unnecessary anti-collision maneuvers,..). Following results obtained by other colleagues (Austria, China, USA,...) we proposed to share our time-schedule using our satellite ranging station to obtain data which will make orbital elements predictions far more accurate (sub-meter accuracy), while we still keep our tracking routines over active satellites. In this communication we report the actions fulfill until nowadays.

  11. La gubernamentalidad en lugares turísticos. Los casos de Christiania, Dinamarca, y San Cristóbal de las Casas, México

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Velázquez, Mario; Clausen, Helene Balslev

    2016-01-01

    The article analyzes conflicts over the use of place between a community and the State. We address two specific cases: Christiania in Copenhagen (Denmark) and San Cristobal de las Casas in Chiapas (Mexico) where significant social protests or cultural revolutions have taken place. In Christiania we...

  12. Organochlorine pesticides in the ambient air of Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alegria, Henry; Bidleman, Terry F; Figueroa, Miguel Salvador

    2006-04-01

    Organochlorine (OC) pesticides were measured in the ambient air of Chiapas, Mexico during 2000-2001. Concentrations of some OC pesticides (DDTs, chlordanes, toxaphene) were elevated compared with levels in the Great Lakes region, while those of other pesticides were not (hexachlorocyclohexanes, dieldrin). While this suggests southern Mexico as a source region for the former group of chemicals, comparably high levels have also been reported in parts of the southern United States, where their suspected sources are soil emissions (DDTs, toxaphene) and termiticide usage (chlordane). Ratios of p,p'-DDT/p,p'-DDE and trans-chlordane/cis-chlordane/trans-nonachlor (TC/CC/TN) in Chiapas suggest a mixture of fresh and weathered sources, while congener profiles of toxaphene suggest emission of old residues from soils. This is supported by air parcel back trajectory analysis, which indicated that air masses over Chiapas at the time of sampling had previously passed over areas of continuing or recent use of some OC pesticides as well as areas of past use.

  13. Organochlorine pesticides in the ambient air of Chiapas, Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alegria, Henry; Bidleman, Terry F.; Figueroa, Miguel Salvador

    2006-01-01

    Organochlorine (OC) pesticides were measured in the ambient air of Chiapas, Mexico during 2000-2001. Concentrations of some OC pesticides (DDTs, chlordanes, toxaphene) were elevated compared with levels in the Great Lakes region, while those of other pesticides were not (hexachlorocyclohexanes, dieldrin). While this suggests southern Mexico as a source region for the former group of chemicals, comparably high levels have also been reported in parts of the southern United States, where their suspected sources are soil emissions (DDTs, toxaphene) and termiticide usage (chlordane). Ratios of p,p'-DDT/p,p'-DDE and trans-chlordane/cis-chlordane/trans-nonachlor (TC/CC/TN) in Chiapas suggest a mixture of fresh and weathered sources, while congener profiles of toxaphene suggest emission of old residues from soils. This is supported by air parcel back trajectory analysis, which indicated that air masses over Chiapas at the time of sampling had previously passed over areas of continuing or recent use of some OC pesticides as well as areas of past use. - Elevated levels of several organochlorine pesticides were found in the ambient air of southern Mexico

  14. Experiencias formativas de jóvenes de la Universidad Intercultural de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Rodríguez Calderón de la Barca

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available El presente texto expone las principales experiencias formativas deestudiantes y egresados/as de la Universidad Intercultural de Chiapas,San Cristóbal de las Casas (UNICH, México, en las que está implícita laarticulación de tres instituciones fundamentales en la reproducción social:la familia, la escuela (en este caso la universidad y el trabajo. Así, elobjetivo es reflexionar sobre las experiencias formativas que van marcandoa las y los jóvenes antes, durante y después de que ingresany egresan de la universidad. Son experiencias que están relacionadascon su tránsito y estancia en la universidad, pero también a otras externasal campus universitario, y a partir de las cuales también construyensu condición juvenil (social y subjetivamente. El texto está dividido entres partes. En la primera presento sintéticamente características delcontexto y población de estudio. En la segunda, de manera muy brevemenciono la perspectiva teórica y la metodología. Y en la tercera expongolas experiencias más trascendentes de acuerdo al análisis delestudio y con base en los testimonios de los jóvenes entrevistados.

  15. Representaciones sociales de los alimentos orgánicos entre consumidores de Chiapas

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    Cynthia Gutiérrez Pérez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Ante un modelo intensivo en el uso de agroquímicos y sus consecuencias en la salud y en el medio ambiente, los alimentos orgánicos emergen como una opción de producción sustentable y saludable para los consumidores. Este artículo expone los resultados de un estudio sobre los factores generales que organizan la representación social de los alimentos frescos orgánicos en tres grupos de consumidores en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas. El estudio se realizó con dispositivos cuantitativos y cualitativos con 250 consumidores en tres espacios de venta. Los resultados muestran similitudes y diferencias según grupo social estudiado. Los tres casos comparten preocupaciones por la salud las cuales se enmarcan en diversos factores de riesgo. Las diferencias se muestran en cuanto a sus posicionamientos políticos e ideológicos así como por su oportunidad de acceso a los alimentos orgánicos. La escolaridad no fue determinante para diferenciar las representaciones sociales emitidas.

  16. Miradas al último espejo: La despedida de Fernando Ortiz

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    Marina Bianchi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In his latest book, Miradas al último espejo, Fernando Ortiz remembers people and places of their own existence. He reflects on poetry and emphasizes the importance of tradition. The past lives in words of beauty and emotion, which break the distance between past and present. The soothing power of the verses, sarcasm and irony, relieve resignation over time. The only certainty is life as a journey for the pilgrim. So enjoy the pleasures of this world including undoubtedly love. He conceives the poet's work likes the search for truth. In Miradas al último espejo, Ortiz provides relief from his poetry, says goodbye and thanks the life in a Cervantes wayFiel a los temas recurrentes en sus hondos versos elegíacos, en su último libro Miradas al último espejo, Fernando Ortiz recuerda las personas y los lugares de su existencia, canta los efectos del paso del tiempo y la precariedad de la vida, reflexiona sobre la poesía haciendo hincapié en el papel fundamental de la tradición. Lo que pertenece al pasado sobrevive aquí en unas palabras llenas de belleza y emoción, que pretenden abatir la barrera entre el hoy y el ayer: las distintas épocas se mezclan en el sentir de Ortiz y concurren juntas a guiarlo hasta el punto final. El poder lenitivo de los versos, el sarcasmo y la ironía alivian la resignación ante el fluir temporal y le ayudan a aceptar el disgregarse del ser humano en su rápido recorrido por la vida. La única certeza del peregrino es su viaje, razón por la que tiene que aprovecharlo, mostrando gratitud y gozando de los placeres de este mundo entre los que prima indudablemente el amor. Concibiendo la ardua tarea del poeta como una búsqueda de la verdad para transmitirla en sus versos, en Miradas al último espejo Ortiz avisa a sus lectores del destino que todos compartimos, aconseja sobre cómo actuar a lo largo del camino, ofrece el alivio de su poesía y se despide 'con cervantino agradecimiento de la vida'

  17. Retorcer el tiempo: Fernando Bryce y el arte de historia = Twisting the time: Fernando Bryce’s art of history

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    Miguel Ángel Hernández Navarro

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Durante las últimas dos décadas, toda una generación de artistas se ha interesado por el pasado actuando como virtuales historiadores: investigando, trabajando con documentos primarios y promoviendo visiones críticas de la historia. Este artículo examina la obra del artista peruano Fernando Bryce bajo ese prisma del «arte de historia». A través de un particular método de trabajo, que el artista ha llamado «análisis mimético», Bryce reflexiona sobre la construcción de la historia, la geopolítica, la identidad en Latinoamérica, sobre todo en Perú, los conflictos bélicos del siglo XX o incluso de la vigencia y genealogía del pensamiento revolucionario. Con una estética aparentemente de archivo, Bryce selecciona documentos que posteriormente copia en tinta china sobre papel para construir nuevas lecturas de la historia. Su selección, descontextualización, visualización de historias pasadas y olvidadas contribuye a traer el pasado al presente. Y su método de trabajo –el copiado anacrónico de documentos, la performance de la historia, su repetición «trastornada»– retuerce el tiempo y cuestiona los discursos hegemónicos acerca del pasado.Over the last two decades, a whole generation of artists approach to the past as if they themselves were historians: investigating, working with primary documents and promoting a critical engagement with history. This article considers the work of Peruvian artist Fernando Bryce through the prism of this «art of history». Using a particular work method—which the artist has dubbed «Mimetic analysis»—Bryce reflects on the construction of history, geopolitics, identity in Latin America, particularly in Peru, the armed conflicts of the 20th century or even the validity and genealogy of revolutionary thinking. With an archive-like aesthetics, Bryce selects documents that he subsequently copies in ink on paper in order to construct new readings of history. His selection

  18. Fernando Ortiz e Allan Kardec: espiritismo e transculturação Fernando Ortiz and Allan Kardec: spiritism and transculturation

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    Arcadio Díaz Quiñones

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio explora a importância do espiritismo de Kardec para os princípios de Fernando Ortiz e para seu longo, por vezes tortuoso, inquérito que o leva à noção de "transculturação". Em seus anos de formação, Ortiz foi profundamente influenciado por Lombroso, mas também, como tantos outros escritores e intelectuais, por Kardec. Ele publicou ensaios fundamentais sobre o espiritismo, especialmente sobre as implicações da reencarnação para hierarquias espirituais e sociais. A doutrina de Kardec sobre o progresso espiritual da alma permitiu a Ortiz defender um projeto nacional mais inclusivo. O kardecismo também forneceu metáforas que correm como um fio por seus trabalhos mais importantes sobre as culturas africanas em Cuba, e também por sua poética. A "transmigração" das almas, com suas possibilidades de constantes novos princípios, permitiu a Ortiz introduzir um elemento espiritual e político na ideia de largo alcance que é a transculturação.This essay explores the importance of Kardec's Spiritism in Fernando Ortiz's beginnings and in his long, often roundabout, inquiry leading to the notion of "transculturation". In his formative years Ortiz was deeply influenced by Lombroso but also, like so many other writers and intellectuals, by Kardec. He published fundamental essays on Spiritism, especially on the implications of reincarnation for spiritual and social hierarchies. Kardec's doctrine of the spiritual progress of the soul allowed Ortiz to argue for a more inclusionary national project. Kardecism also provided metaphors that run like a thread through Ortiz's major works on African cultures in Cuba and in his poetics. The "transmigration" of the souls, with its possibilities of endless new beginnnings, enabled Ortiz to introduce a spiritual and political element into the far-ranging idea of transculturation.

  19. Fernando Henrique Cardoso: The Astuzia Fortunata of Brazil’s Sociologist-President La Astuzia Fortunata de Fernando Henrique Cardoso

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    Laurence Whitehead

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Even in the Renaissance, there were not that many Renaissance men. But if it was hard to live many lives in one even for the best placed of Renaissance Europe it is surely harder in contemporary republican Brazil. And yet Fernando Henrique Cardoso or FHC achieved it. How was this possible and at what cost in terms of conflict between the different specialized roles he occupied? What does this tell us about “politics as a vocation” in twenty-first century democratic Brazil? And what light does it shed on the scope for and limit of political leadership in contemporary democracies? To understand how choices are made we need to consider what motivated the career; what baggage the leader brought into office; what team of ministers were assembled and how their talents were used; what rivals (or enemies spurred the leader into self-definition; what ethics were in play. These strands are not arbitrary or beyond systematic analysis. They are what mostly explain how democratic leaders behave, one of the most vital dimension of democratic performance. Fernando Henrique Cardoso o FHC puede ser considerado un hombre del Renacimiento en el Brasil contemparáneo republicano. ¿Cómo es posible y a cual costo en forma de conflicto entre los diferentes roles especializados que ocupó? ¿Qué nos puede decir sobre "la política como una vocación" en el Brasil democrático del siglo veintiuno y sobre el margen o límite del liderazgo político en democracias contemporáneas? Para entender las deciciones tomadas tenemos que considerar qué motivó la carrera; qué "equipaje" el líder trajo al oficio; qué equipo de ministros fue instituido y cómo se usaron sus talentos; qué rivales (o enemigos incentivaron la auto-definición del líder; qué sistema de ética se implementa. Estos ramales políticos no son arbitrarios o más allá de un análisis sistemático. Son lo que más explican como líderes democráticos se conducen, una de las dimensiones m

  20. Factores asociados a la colonización por Streptococcus del grupo B en mujeres embarazadas de Los Altos, Chiapas Factors associated with group B Streptococcus colonization in pregnant women of Los Altos, Chiapas, Mexico

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    Moisés Ocampo-Torres

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar la prevalencia de colonización por Streptococcus del grupo B (SGB en mujeres embarazadas de Los Altos, Chiapas, y analizar factores asociados a la misma. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Es un estudio transversal realizado de febrero a septiembre de 1999 en tres hospitales públicos de segundo nivel en San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas. A 910 mujeres que acudieron para atención de parto a dichos hospitales, se les tomaron muestras (vaginal y perianal para detección de SGB por cultivo e identificación de grupo y serotipo mediante aglutinación en látex. El análisis de factores asociados a la colonización se realizó medianteji² y modelos log-lineales. RESULTADOS: La colonización por SGB fue de 8.6% (IC 95% 6.8 - 10.5. Las mujeres con mayor probabilidad de colonización fueron las de > o = 5 embarazos, residentes de municipios marginados, de ocupación diferente al hogar y con jefe/jefa de familia agrícola (26.8%, RM= 7.25, IC 95% 1.83 - 28.67. CONCLUSIONES: Es necesario que las acciones para la prevención y control de infección por SGB se dirijan principalmente a la población de mayor riesgo de colonización en el área de estudio, con el fin de disminuir la transmisión perinatal de SGB.OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and analyze the factors associated with group B Streptococcus (GBS colonization in pregnant women of Los Altos, Chiapas, Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between February and September 1999, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 910 women who sought delivery care at three public hospitals of San Cristobal de Las Casas, Chiapas. Vaginal and perianal samples were taken for GBS detection by bacteriological culture. Identification of groups and serotypes was performed using latex agglutination. The analysis of factors associated with colonization was done using chi-squared tests and log-linear modeling. RESULTS: GBS colonization was found in 8.6% (95% CI 6.8 - 10.5 of study subjects. Women with the

  1. Prehispanic use of chili peppers in Chiapas, Mexico.

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    Terry G Powis

    Full Text Available The genus Capsicum is New World in origin and represents a complex of a wide variety of both wild and domesticated taxa. Peppers or fruits of Capsicum species rarely have been identified in the paleoethnobotanical record in either Meso- or South America. We report here confirmation of Capsicum sp. residues from pottery samples excavated at Chiapa de Corzo in southern Mexico dated from Middle to Late Preclassic periods (400 BCE to 300 CE. Residues from 13 different pottery types were collected and extracted using standard techniques. Presence of Capsicum was confirmed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC/MS-MS Analysis. Five pottery types exhibited chemical peaks for Capsicum when compared to the standard (dihydrocapsaicin. No peaks were observed in the remaining eight samples. Results of the chemical extractions provide conclusive evidence for Capsicum use at Chiapas de Corzo during a 700 year period (400 BCE-300 CE. Presence of Capsicum in different types of culinary-associated pottery raises questions how chili pepper could have been used during this early time period. As Pre-Columbian cacao products sometimes were flavored using Capsicum, the same pottery sample set was tested for evidence of cacao using a theobromine marker: these results were negative. As each vessel that tested positive for Capsicum had a culinary use we suggest here the possibility that chili residues from the Chiapas de Corzo pottery samples reflect either paste or beverage preparations for religious, festival, or every day culinary use. Alternatively, some vessels that tested positive merely could have been used to store peppers. Most interesting from an archaeological context was the presence of Capsicum residue obtained from a spouted jar, a pottery type previously thought only to be used for pouring liquids.

  2. Discovering "The Italian Flag" by Fernando Melani (1907-1985).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlesi, Serena; Bartolozzi, Giovanni; Cucci, Costanza; Marchiafava, Veronica; Picollo, Marcello; La Nasa, Jacopo; Di Girolamo, Francesca; Dilillo, Marialaura; Modugno, Francesca; Degano, Ilaria; Colombini, Maria Perla; Legnaioli, Stefano; Lorenzetti, Giulia; Palleschi, Vincenzo

    2016-11-05

    In the occasion of the celebrations for the 150th anniversary of the founding of Italy (1861-2011), it was decided to analyse the artwork "The Italian Flag" (La Bandiera Italiana) created by the artist Fernando Melani (Pistoia, 1907-1985), one of the precursors of the Poor Art artistic movement in Italy. This project is a follow-up to a previous study which was mainly focused on the pigments and dyes found in his home-studio. The main goal of this paper is to identify a correct diagnostic plan, based on the use of a combination of non-invasive and micro-invasive methodologies, in order to determine the state of preservation and define the best conservation procedures for a contemporary artwork. Visible, infrared and infrared false colour images as well as the Fibre Optic Reflectance Spectroscopy (FORS) technique were applied in situ to analyse The Italian Flag. Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) and micro-Raman spectroscopies, Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectroscopy (Py-GC/MS), High Performance Liquid Chromatography with Diode Arrays Detection (HPLC-DAD) and Mass Spectrometric Detection (HPLC-ESI-Q-ToF) were all applied to three small samples detached from the three painted (green-blue, white and red-yellow, respectively) areas of the flag. The combination of the data obtained with all these techniques made possible a comprehensive understanding of both the chemical composition and physical behaviour of the materials used by the artist and supported curators in defining the preventive conservation of this artwork. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Discovering "The Italian Flag" by Fernando Melani (1907-1985)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlesi, Serena; Bartolozzi, Giovanni; Cucci, Costanza; Marchiafava, Veronica; Picollo, Marcello; La Nasa, Jacopo; Di Girolamo, Francesca; Dilillo, Marialaura; Modugno, Francesca; Degano, Ilaria; Colombini, Maria Perla; Legnaioli, Stefano; Lorenzetti, Giulia; Palleschi, Vincenzo

    2016-11-01

    In the occasion of the celebrations for the 150th anniversary of the founding of Italy (1861-2011), it was decided to analyse the artwork ;The Italian Flag; (La Bandiera Italiana) created by the artist Fernando Melani (Pistoia, 1907-1985), one of the precursors of the Poor Art artistic movement in Italy. This project is a follow-up to a previous study which was mainly focused on the pigments and dyes found in his home-studio. The main goal of this paper is to identify a correct diagnostic plan, based on the use of a combination of non-invasive and micro-invasive methodologies, in order to determine the state of preservation and define the best conservation procedures for a contemporary artwork. Visible, infrared and infrared false colour images as well as the Fibre Optic Reflectance Spectroscopy (FORS) technique were applied in situ to analyse The Italian Flag. Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) and micro-Raman spectroscopies, Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectroscopy (Py-GC/MS), High Performance Liquid Chromatography with Diode Arrays Detection (HPLC-DAD) and Mass Spectrometric Detection (HPLC-ESI-Q-ToF) were all applied to three small samples detached from the three painted (green-blue, white and red-yellow, respectively) areas of the flag. The combination of the data obtained with all these techniques made possible a comprehensive understanding of both the chemical composition and physical behaviour of the materials used by the artist and supported curators in defining the preventive conservation of this artwork.

  4. Fernando De Castro and the discovery of the arterial chemoreceptors

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    Constancio eGonzalez

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available When De Castro entered the carotid body (CB field, the organ was considered to be a small autonomic ganglion, a gland, a glomus or glomerulus, or a paraganglion. In his 1928 paper, De Castro concluded: In sum, the Glomus caroticum is innervated by centripetal fibers, whose trophic centers are located in the sensory ganglia of the glossopharyngeal, and not by centrifugal [efferent] or secretomotor fibers as is the case for glands; these are precisely the facts which lead to suppose that the Glomus caroticum is a sensory organ. A few pages down, De Castro wrote: The Glomus represents an organ with multiple receptors furnished with specialized receptor cells like those of other sensory organs [taste buds?]…As a plausible hypothesis we propose that the Glomus caroticum represents a sensory organ, at present the only one in its kind, dedicated to capture certain qualitative variations in the composition of blood, a function that, possibly by a reflex mechanism would have an effect on the functional activity of other organs… Therefore, the sensory fiber would not be directly stimulated by blood, but via the intermediation of the epithelial cells of the organ, which, as their structure suggests, possess a secretory function which would participate in the stimulation of the centripetal fibers. In our article we will recreate the experiments that allowed Fernando de Castro to reach this first conclusion. Also, we will scrutinize the natural endowments and the scientific knowledge that drove De Castro to make the triple hypotheses: the CB as chemoreceptor [variations in blood composition], as a secondary sensory receptor which functioning involves a chemical synapse, and as a centre, origin of systemic reflexes. After a brief account of the systemic reflex effects resulting from the CB stimulation, we will complete our article with a general view of the cellular-molecular mechanisms currently thought to be involved in the functioning of this arterial

  5. Fernando de Castro and the discovery of the arterial chemoreceptors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Constancio; Conde, Silvia V.; Gallego-Martín, Teresa; Olea, Elena; Gonzalez-Obeso, Elvira; Ramirez, Maria; Yubero, Sara; Agapito, Maria T.; Gomez-Niñno, Angela; Obeso, Ana; Rigual, Ricardo; Rocher, Asunción

    2014-01-01

    When de Castro entered the carotid body (CB) field, the organ was considered to be a small autonomic ganglion, a gland, a glomus or glomerulus, or a paraganglion. In his 1928 paper, de Castro concluded: “In sum, the Glomus caroticum is innervated by centripetal fibers, whose trophic centers are located in the sensory ganglia of the glossopharyngeal, and not by centrifugal [efferent] or secretomotor fibers as is the case for glands; these are precisely the facts which lead to suppose that the Glomus caroticum is a sensory organ.” A few pages down, de Castro wrote: “The Glomus represents an organ with multiple receptors furnished with specialized receptor cells like those of other sensory organs [taste buds?]…As a plausible hypothesis we propose that the Glomus caroticum represents a sensory organ, at present the only one in its kind, dedicated to capture certain qualitative variations in the composition of blood, a function that, possibly by a reflex mechanism would have an effect on the functional activity of other organs… Therefore, the sensory fiber would not be directly stimulated by blood, but via the intermediation of the epithelial cells of the organ, which, as their structure suggests, possess a secretory function which would participate in the stimulation of the centripetal fibers.” In our article we will recreate the experiments that allowed Fernando de Castro to reach this first conclusion. Also, we will scrutinize the natural endowments and the scientific knowledge that drove de Castro to make the triple hypotheses: the CB as chemoreceptor (variations in blood composition), as a secondary sensory receptor which functioning involves a chemical synapse, and as a center, origin of systemic reflexes. After a brief account of the systemic reflex effects resulting from the CB stimulation, we will complete our article with a general view of the cellular-molecular mechanisms currently thought to be involved in the functioning of this arterial

  6. Factores asociados a la colonización por Streptococcus del grupo B en mujeres embarazadas de Los Altos, Chiapas

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    Ocampo-Torres Moisés

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar la prevalencia de colonización por Streptococcus del grupo B (SGB en mujeres embarazadas de Los Altos, Chiapas, y analizar factores asociados a la misma. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Es un estudio transversal realizado de febrero a septiembre de 1999 en tres hospitales públicos de segundo nivel en San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas. A 910 mujeres que acudieron para atención de parto a dichos hospitales, se les tomaron muestras (vaginal y perianal para detección de SGB por cultivo e identificación de grupo y serotipo mediante aglutinación en látex. El análisis de factores asociados a la colonización se realizó medianteji² y modelos log-lineales. RESULTADOS: La colonización por SGB fue de 8.6% (IC 95% 6.8 - 10.5. Las mujeres con mayor probabilidad de colonización fueron las de > o = 5 embarazos, residentes de municipios marginados, de ocupación diferente al hogar y con jefe/jefa de familia agrícola (26.8%, RM= 7.25, IC 95% 1.83 - 28.67. CONCLUSIONES: Es necesario que las acciones para la prevención y control de infección por SGB se dirijan principalmente a la población de mayor riesgo de colonización en el área de estudio, con el fin de disminuir la transmisión perinatal de SGB.

  7. La crisis de Chiapas: negociaciones, democracia y gobernabilidad

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    Tania Carrasco

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available El conflicto en Chiapas se encuentra en una especie de impasse porque el gobierno mexicano y el EZLN han desarrollado estrategias diferentes. El gobierno ha apostado a transformaciones legislativas evitando llegar a la negociación política; el EZLN no desea reducir sus demandas de transformar política, económica e ideológicamente al Estado y transformarse de una fuerza militar en una política. Ambas estrategias dejan de lado la negociación y ponen en cuestionamiento el proceso democrático y la gobernabilidad en México.

  8. Hábitos alimentares e tabágicos dos estudantes da Universidade Fernando Pessoa

    OpenAIRE

    Guimarães, Inês Rocha Hortega de Eckenroth

    2011-01-01

    Trabalho apresentado à Universidade Fernando Pessoa como parte dos requisitos para a obtenção do grau de Licenciado em Ciências Farmacêuticas. A alimentação tem um papel fundamental na nossa vida. A adopção de hábitos alimentares desequilibrados tem um importante impacto na morbilidade e mortalidade das populações Este trabalho teve como objectivo o estudo dos hábitos alimentares e tabágicos dos estudantes da Universidade Fernando Pessoa. Em seguida, são abordados temas como a alimentaç...

  9. FERNANDO SORIN (1778–1839) KITARAFANTASIAT YHDELLE SOITTAJALLE – semioottisia analyysejä

    OpenAIRE

    Haukka, Aleksi

    2016-01-01

    Tässä pro gradu -työssä käsitellään espanjalaisen Fernando Sorin (1778–1839) kitarafantasioita yhdelle soittajalle. Näkökulma sävellysten analyysiin on semioottinen ja erityisesti eksistentiaalisemioottinen. Tutkimus pitää sisällään myös laajan Fernando Sorin elämäkerran, jonka lopuksi Sorin elämänvaiheita analysoidaan eksistentiaalisemioottisesta näkökulmasta. Metodologisina lähtökohtina ovat Eero Tarastin eksistentiaalisemiotiikka ja etenkin niin sanottu z-malli tai zemic-malli. Olennai...

  10. Percepciones ambientales de la calidad del agua superficial en la microcuenca del río Fogótico, Chiapas

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    Mara Cristina Benez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se exponen las percepciones de la calidad del agua de los ríos y arroyos de la microcuenca del río Fogótico desde la perspectiva de grupos sociales usuarios del agua, representantes de colectivos, políticos e institucionales. El área pertenece a la red hidrográfica que conforma la cuenca de San Cristóbal, localizada en la región hidrológico-administrativa XI Frontera Sur, de la mesorregión hidrológica sur-sureste y se localiza en la parte centro-norte del estado de Chiapas, dentro de la región socioeconómica denominada Altos de Chiapas. La investigación reveló que las percepciones son heterogéneas en la mayoría de las veces, entre los grupos y dentro de los mismos, y permitió conocer diferentes aspectos de la problemática en relación con los problemas y soluciones, prevaleciendo una actitud crítica hacia las acciones de los demás. Aunado a esto, identificó aspectos que influyen en el proceso perceptivo como la cosmovisión y la localización en la microcuenca.

  11. El fenómeno delictivo juvenil de la mara: Un estudio regional en Chiapas/The mara youth criminal phenomenon: A regional study in Chiapas

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    Jorge Humberto Martínez Trejo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de la presente investigación es comprender el fenómeno de la tropicalización de la organización delictiva juvenil de La Mara en la región de Chiapas. El desarrollo de la misma, es eminentemente de corte etnometodológico, y se encuentra actualmente en proceso de desarrollo. Sin embargo, se recogen evidencias parciales del perfil criminológico de los miembros de La Mara de Centroamérica y la de Chiapas. Dichos estudios se realizaron en el período de junio del 2011 a junio del 2012, en uno de los Centros de Tratamiento y Diagnóstico del Estado de Chiapas.

  12. Mapping the Cuban Condition in Fernando Ortiz's Un catauro de cubanismos

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    Stephen Fay

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Explores the idiom-identity complex in Cuba in the first three decades of the twentieth century, concentrating on an emblematic catalog of the idiomatic raw material of the Cuban language community: Fernando Ortiz's vernacular dictionary, 'Un Catauro de cubanismos' from 1923. Author considers the critical complex of history, geography, and identity within Ortiz's dictionary.

  13. Uso de la leña y conservación del bosque en el volcán Huitepec, Chiapas, México

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    Arelí Santos González

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza la dinámica de uso de leña en ocho colonias alrededor del volcán Huitepec, Chiapas, aledañas a dos áreas naturales protegidas de manejo privado (Reserva Huitepec- Pronatura y colectivo (Reserva Zapatista, así como a una población urbana creciente: San Cristóbal de las Casas. En la zona de estudio es evidente la preocupación de conservar el bosque, sus recursos naturales y servicios ambientales fundamentales. De acuerdo al uso y manejo de la leña, se tipificaron a las colonias en cuatro categorías: atención prioritaria, atención básica, atención significativa y atención media.

  14. Valoraciones de calidad en alimentos orgánicos y de origen local entre consumidores de la red Comida Sana y Cercana en Chiapas

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    Cynthia Gutiérrez Pérez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo expone cómo los consumidores valoran la calidad de los alimentos orgánicos de origen local. La información fue obtenida mediante un cuestionario aplicado a 50 consumidores asiduos a la red Comida Sana y Cercana en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, y mediante la realización de dos talleres. Los resultados indican que la calidad se define desde aspectos organolépticos, que los consumidores están interesados en el modelo de certificación participativa, y que depositan su confianza en la relación de cercanía entre productores y consumidores.

  15. San Francisco District Laboratory (SAN)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Program CapabilitiesFood Analysis SAN-DO Laboratory has an expert in elemental analysis who frequently performs field inspections of materials. A recently acquired...

  16. Fernando de Almeida (d. 1660: Tradition and Innovation in Mid-Seventeenth-Century Portuguese Sacred Music

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaz, João

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Library of the Ducal Palace at Vila Viçosa preserves three large choirbooks of polyphonic repertoire intended for Holy Week, prepared between 1735 and 1736 by a copyist of the Patriarchal Church. These choirbooks contain all the known extant works by Fernando de Almeida (died in 1660. When comparing the music of Fernando de Almeida with that of his near contemporary João Lourenço Rebelo (1610-1661, the different trends in Portuguese early- to mid-seventeenth-century church music become clear, especially if viewed in the light of the acknowledged aesthetic and compositional premises explained in the 1649 Defensa de la mvsica moderna by King João IV. Rebelo’s concertato works incline towards the style of north-Italian composers. The ingenuity of Fernando de Almeida’s style, which is particularly noticeable in his eight-voice Holy Week responsories, lays in the integration of prominent Baroque features within the mould of Iberian Mannerist tradition.La Biblioteca del Palacio Ducal de Vila Viçosa posee tres grandes libros de coro con repertorio polifónico destinado a la Semana Santa, preparados entre 1735 y 1736 por un copista de la Iglesia Patriarcal. Estos libros de coro contienen todas las obras de Fernando de Almeida (m. 1660 que hayan sobrevivido hasta los días de hoy. La comparación de la música de Fernando de Almeida con la de su cási contemporáneo João Lourenço Rebelo (1610-1661 evidencia las distintas orientaciones en la música sacra portuguesa de principios a mediados del siglo XVII, especialmente cuando observadas bajo las premisas estéticas y composicionales explanadas en la Defensa de la mvsica moderna (1649 del Rey D. João IV. El estilo concertato de Rebelo se acerca de los compositores del Norte de Italia. La inventiva del estilo de Fernando de Almeida, particularmente notable en sus Responsorios a ocho voces para la Semana Santa, incorpora prominentes características barrocas en el molde de la tradici

  17. Epizoic Fauna Survey on Phyllostomid Bats (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in a Shaded Coffee Plantation of Southeastern Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colín-Martínez, Helisama; Morales-Malacara, Juan B; García-Estrada, Carlos

    2018-01-10

    This is the first complete assessment of the ectoparasite fauna on phyllostomid bats in a shaded coffee plantation in Mexico. The study was carried out at Finca San Carlos, in the municipality of Tapachula, southeastern Chiapas, Mexico. The bats were captured over three consecutive nights every month, from December 2005 to November 2006, using four mist nets. We captured 192 phyllostomid bats, representing 18 species, upon which 1,971 ectoparasites, belonging to 11 families and 65 species, were found. We found that 160 of the 192 captured bats were hosts to ectoparasites, giving an infestation prevalence of 83.3%. Of the 65 ectoparasitic species, 14 were classified as monoxenous and 17 as stenoxenous. More ectoparasites were recorded in the dry season (n = 1,439) than the wet season (n = 532), and we recorded some families of ectoparasite on particular areas of the bat body. An ordination of bat species, based on their ectoparasitic species community structure, formed groups at the subfamily level or lower taxonomic categories. We suggest that the close ectoparasite-host relationships could be examined as an additional tool to elucidate the taxonomic relationships between the hosts. © The Author(s) 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  18. San Marino.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-02-01

    San Marino, an independent republic located in north central Italy, in 1983 had a population of 22,206 growing at an annual rate of .9%. The literacy rate is 97% and the infant mortality rate is 9.6/1000. The terrain is mountainous and the climate is moderate. According to local tradition, San Marino was founded by a Christian stonecutter in the 4th century A.D. as a refuge against religious persecution. Its recorded history began in the 9th century, and it has survived assaults on its independence by the papacy, the Malatesta lords of Rimini, Cesare Borgia, Napoleon, and Mussolini. An 1862 treaty with the newly formed Kingdom of Italy has been periodically renewed and amended. The present government is an alliance between the socialists and communists. San Marino has had its own statutes and governmental institutions since the 11th century. Legislative authority at present is vested in a 60-member unicameral parliament. Executive authority is exercised by the 11-member Congress of State, the members of which head the various administrative departments of the goverment. The posts are divided among the parties which form the coalition government. Judicial authority is partly exercised by Italian magistrates in civil and criminal cases. San Marino's policies are tied to Italy's and political organizations and labor unions active in Italy are also active in San Marino. Since World War II, there has been intense rivalry between 2 political coalitions, the Popular Alliance composed of the Christian Democratic Party and the Independent Social Democratic Party, and the Liberty Committee, coalition of the Communist Party and the Socialist Party. San Marino's gross domestic product was $137 million and its per capita income was $6290 in 1980. The principal economic activities are farming and livestock raising, along with some light manufacturing. Foreign transactions are dominated by tourism. The government derives most of its revenue from the sale of postage stamps to

  19. A reinterpretação do sebastianismo em Fernando Pessoa

    OpenAIRE

    Monika, Świda

    2013-01-01

    The present paper depicts alterations undergone by the sleeping king motif (sebastianism) in the writings of Fernando Pessoa. The data to conduct the study were collected in thematic anthologies and several unpublished pieces. The myth of the King Sebastian was given a congregational dimension by Pessoa, thus conveying his cultural and identity project subsumed under the metaphor of the spiritual empire. Pessoa introduces some readjustments in the way the historical king is to be conceived...

  20. Identidade homossexual e homoerotismo em Terça-Feira Gorda, de Caio Fernando Abreu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adair Marques Filho

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we aimed, ina first moment, to evidence some social,historical and cultural aspectsrelated to the sexuality in the Occident,in matter, to the homosexualidentity. In a second moment, we willanalyse the short story “Terça-FeiraGorda”, from the writer CaioFernando Abreu, to examine the homoeroticrelationship among the twomale characters and, above all, highlightthe existent prejudice in relationto the homosexual in our society.

  1. ¿Qué fue, intelectualmente, Fernando González?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Moreno Gómez

    1968-01-01

    Full Text Available Muchas gentes admiraron en vida al escritor Fernando González. Y otras siguen devotas de su nombre después de su muerte. Para las primeras y para las segundas, el inconforme escritor antioqueño fue un filósofo que inspiraba y resumía, según ellos, las más luminosas especulaciones en el campo de las ideas.

  2. The Zapatista Cyborg: Weaving a Virtual Poetics of Resistance in Cyber-Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Grussing Abdel-Moneim

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The global circulation of Neo-Zapatistas and non-Indigenous solidarity activists as symbols of resistance in cyberspace between 1994 and 2001 suggests the need for new ways to read social movements in the digital age. A feminist reading of the dual local/global characteristics of the discursive space surrounding the Maya rebellion in Chiapas both affirms and contests prevalent postmodern theories about the relationship between the human body and cybernetic technologies. This hybrid space both transgresses and affirms borders between actor and audience, writer and reader, human and machine. The relationship between the theater of material resistance in the physical Conflict Zone and the growth of virtual resistance in Cyber-Chiapas illustrates the ‘cyborg’ material/technological nature of the Chiapas rebellion.

  3. Chiapas' Delayed Entry into the International Labour Market: A Story of Peasant Isolation, Exploitation, and Coercion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Jason; Eakin, Hallie

    2013-06-01

    This manuscript presents a synthetic view of Chiapas' migration history over the last century through a thorough examination of relevant English and Spanish-language literature sources. Unlike most Mexican states, Chiapas did not heavily rely upon migration, especially international migration, as an economic strategy until very recently. The reasons that underlie Chiapas' late adoption of economic migration include socio-political and economic structural factors that shaped rural and agrarian policy and demographic trends. This paper evaluates these structural factors with regards to several migration theories to assist our understanding of how and why Chiapans were prevented or discouraged from leaving their native communities. The paper concludes by detailing the perfect cascade of climatic, demographic, economic and political factors that ultimately forced Chiapans to resort to international migration as a major economic diversification strategy.

  4. REDIMENSIONAMIENTO DE UNA FRONTERA LARGAMENTE OLVIDADA: CHIAPAS 1973-1993

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Guillén

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A pesar de su colindancia con tres países, en México todavía, al iniciar la década de los setenta, parecía predominar la idea de que la única frontera importante era la que nos separa de Estados Unidos. En el extremo sur, Chiapas constituía un territorio lejano al que siempre podía acudirse en busca de recursos naturales y favores políticos, pero sobre el que no existía mayor interés por parte de las autoridades federales. Conforme se delinearon en el horizonte nuevas variables vinculadas tanto a la explotación petrolera e hidroeléctrica como a los conflictos centroamericanos y a los ajustes en el interior de la clase política nacional, el escenario se transformó y la entidad pasó del abandono al interés estratégico. El trabajo se centra en tales consideraciones y busca comprobar que, a principios de los noventa, la relación entre las esferas de gobierno federal y estatal se había ya modificado.

  5. Screening markers for chronic atrophic gastritis in Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ley, C; Mohar, A; Guarner, J; Herrera-Goepfert, R; Figueroa, L S; Halperin, D; Parsonnet, J

    2001-02-01

    Intestinal-type gastric adenocarcinomas usually are preceded by chronic atrophic gastritis. Studies of gastric cancer prevention often rely on identification of this condition. In a clinical trial, we sought to determine the best serological screening method for chronic atrophic gastritis and compared our findings to the published literature. Test characteristics of potential screening tests (antibodies to Helicobacter pyloni or CagA, elevated gastrin, low pepsinogen, increased age) alone or in combination were examined among consecutive subjects enrolled in a study of H. pylori and preneoplastic gastric lesions in Chiapas, Mexico; 70% had chronic atrophic gastritis. English-language articles concerning screening for chronic atrophic gastritis were also reviewed. Sensitivity for chronic atrophic gastritis was highest for antibodies to H. pylori (92%) or CagA, or gastrin levels >25 ng/l (both 83%). Specificity, however, was low for these tests (18, 41, and 22%, respectively). Pepsinogen levels were highly specific but insensitive markers of chronic atrophic gastritis (for pepsinogen I gastritis screening. However, no screening test was both highly sensitive and highly specific for chronic atrophic gastritis.

  6. SOCIAL EXCLUSION: GUATEMALAN YOUTH WITHIN COFFEE PLANTATIONS AT SOCONUSCO CHIAPAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Itzel Ramírez-Ramos

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Mexico's southern border is the entry point for different migratory flows, mainly from Central America, these flows have taken place under socioeconomic contexts and conditions which demand the constant livelihood strategies pursuit from people. This paper is focused on the agricultural laborers from Guatemalan origin, within coffee plantation farms at the Soconusco, Chiapas. The main objective is arguing how the lack of access -or restricted access- to education and the precarious inclusion to work and migration, have positioned youth population of migrant laborers, from Guatemalan origin, into social processes of social exclusion and vulnerability. It is concluded that conditions generated from these processes, preclude the generation of different work expectations, the access to a higher quality of life and the social mobility in a men and woman development crucial stage. The exposed information comes from quantitative and qualitative research methods. A nonrandom survey was applied to 129 families; 20 semi-structured interviews for children and adolescents within farms and 25 to actors involved in the recognition and performance of the human rights of migrant children in the southern Mexican border area.

  7. METALS POLLLUTION IN EL LIMON LAGOON, CHIAPAS, MEXICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma. Teresa Leal-Ascencio

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available El Limón Lagoon belongs to the Reforma county, in the State of Chiapas, Mexico. Massive fish killings have occurred in the lagoon, demanding a deeper study to determine the pollution state of the lagoon, as well as the possible cause of the deaths. Results show that the average concentrations of Zn, Ni, Cr, Cd and Cu in the lagoon are beyond the recommended limits in Canada and USA to avoid deleterious biological effects in aquatic species. Special mention has to be done for the case of Zn, with a maximum concentration of 1360 mg/kg, presumably associated with the use of this metal as a catalyst in a natural gas plant close to the lagoon. Although the industrial discharges comply with the Mexican Standards for metals in wastewaters, this has not been enough to avoid the accumulation of metals in sediments, which is a demonstration of failure of the Mexican Wastewater Standards that should be more restrictive especially in the case of lagoons with a low water recharge, taking into account the type of water body where the wastewater is loading. In the case of the application of this water for agriculture, the metals can accumulate in soils, with unwanted effects on crops.

  8. Expansión y presencia de la radio libre en Chiapas, un fenómeno de la globalización

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarelly Martínez Mendoza

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available En Chiapas, Estado fronterizo del sur de México, en 2002 empezaron a surgir radios libres, también conocidas como ilegales, “piratas” o no concesionadas. En 2014, funcionan 130 de estas radiodifusoras, en su mayoría religiosas (68, seguidas por comerciales no concesionadas (41, comunitarias (11, zapatistas (5, municipales (3 y partidistas (2. El objetivo de este trabajo es identificar a estas radiodifusoras, describir su barra programática y formas de operación. A través de entrevistas y monitoreo de programación, principalmente, se ha podido comprender la compleja red de radiocomunicación libre que opera en esta entidad fronteriza, y que la ubica con el número mayor de estaciones de este tipo en México. Aunque fueron localizadas 130 radios libres, la dinámica creciente que han registrado hace pensar que se seguirán multiplicando y que urge conocerlas para establecer mecanismos de diálogo y negociación con las autoridades, ya que ni los operativos policíacos ni el constante acoso de los empresarios establecidos ha cambiado la dinámica creciente. En Chiapas, la radio libre cubre con sus emisiones casi la totalidad del territorio estatal, en algunos lugares, como San Cristóbal de Las Casas, se vive una saturación en el cuadrante, mientras que en otras regiones, sobre todo en La Sierra, se convierten en las únicas ofertas radiofónicas.

  9. Integrated Risk Assessment to Natural Hazards in Motozintla, Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novelo-Casanova, D. A.

    2012-12-01

    An integrated risk assessment includes the analysis of all components of individual constituents of risk such as baseline study, hazard identification and categorization, hazard exposure, and vulnerability. Vulnerability refers to the inability of people, organizations, and societies to withstand adverse impacts from multiple stressors to which they are exposed. These impacts are due to characteristics inherent in social interactions, institutions, and systems of cultural values. Thus, social vulnerability is a pre-existing condition that affects a society's ability to prepare for and recover from a disruptive event. Risk is the probability of a loss, and this loss depends on three elements: hazard, exposure, and vulnerability. Thus, risk is the estimated impact that a hazard event would have on people, services, facilities, structures and assets in a community. In this work we assess the risk to natural hazards in the community of Motozintla located in southern Mexico in the state of Chiapas (15.37N, 92.25W) with a population of about 20 000 habitants. Due to its geographical and geological location, this community is continuously exposed to many different natural hazards (earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, and floods). To determine the level of exposure of the community to natural hazards, we developed integrated studies and analysis of seismic microzonation, landslide and flood susceptibility as well as volcanic impact using standard methodologies. Social vulnerability was quantified from data obtained from local families interviews. Five variables were considered: household structure quality and design, availability of basic public services, family economic conditions, existing family plans for disaster preparedness, and risk perception.The number of families surveyed was determined considering a sample statistically significant. The families that were interviewed were selected using the simple random sampling technique with replacement. With these

  10. Integrated Risk Research. Case of Study: Motozintla, Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novelo-Casanova, D. A.; Jaimes, M.

    2015-12-01

    This integrated risk research include the analysis of all components of individual constituents of risk such hazard identification, hazard exposure, and vulnerability. We determined risk to natural hazards in the community of Motozintla located in southern Mexico in the state of Chiapas (15.37ºN, 92.25ºW. Due to its geographical and geological location, this community is continuously exposed mainly to earthquakes, landslides and floods. We developed integrated studies and analysis of seismic zonation, landslides and flood susceptibility using standard methodologies. Vulnerability was quantified from data collected from local families interviews considering five social variables: characteristics of housing construction, availability of basic public services, family economic conditions, existing community plans for disaster preparedness, and risk perception. Local families surveyed were randomly selected considering a sample statistically significant. Our results were spatially represented using a Geographical Information System (GIS). Structural vulnerability curves were generated for typical housing constructions. Our integrated risk analysis demonstrates that the community of Motozintla has a high level of structural and socio-economical risk to floods and earthquakes. More than half of the population does not know any existing Civil Protection Plan and perceive that they are in high risk to landslides and floods. Although the community is located in a high seismic risk zone, most of the local people believe that cannot be impacted by a large earthquake. These natural and social conditions indicate that the community of Motozintla has a very high level of risk to natural hazards. This research will support local decision makers in developing an integrated comprehensive natural hazards mitigation and prevention program.

  11. 76 FR 81929 - San Fernando Valley Area 2; Notice of Proposed Administrative Order on Consent Re: 4057 and 4059...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-29

    ... the Trust on ability to pay grounds. Under the Agreement, the Trust will pay $1500 (one thousand five... notice of a proposed administrative order on consent (Agreement)with the Spirito Family Trust and Alice C...: EPA will receive written comments relating to the settlement until January 30, 2012. EPA will consider...

  12. 76 FR 72405 - San Fernando Valley Area 2 Superfund Site; Notice of Proposed Prospective Purchaser Agreement Re...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-23

    ... Ohio limited liability company, The Kroger Co., an Ohio corporation, and Ralphs Grocery Company, an...: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice; request for public comment. SUMMARY: The EPA is hereby...

  13. Embracing epiphytes in sustainable forest management: a pilot study from the Highlands of Chiapas, Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wolf, J.H.D.; Bruijnzeel, L.A.; Scatena, F.N.; Hamilton, L.S.

    2010-01-01

    Vascular epiphyte biomass and species richness were investigated in 16 anthropogenically disturbed pine-oak forests within an area of ~400 km2 in the Highlands of Chiapas, southern Mexico. Epiphyte biomass on 35 host oak trees in six diameter classes varied from 0.8 to 243 kg dry-weight and

  14. Technology-Based Participatory Learning for Indigenous Children in Chiapas Schools, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heredia, Yolanda; Icaza, Jose I.

    2012-01-01

    This research created a technology-based learning environment at two schools belonging to the National Council of Educational Development (CONAFE) for indigenous children in the state of Chiapas, Mexico. The purpose of the study was to describe the educational impact of using the Classmate PC netbooks and the Sugar Educational Platform in the…

  15. Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award: Joseph H. Hammer

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Joseph H. Hammer, recipient of the Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award, is cited for an outstanding research paper whose findings provide important evidence regarding the promise of a male-sensitive approach to mental health marketing and empirically support the inclusion of theory-driven enhancements in group-targeted mental…

  16. La disputa por la homologación de los procesos electorales en Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro F. López Lara

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analizan las decisiones y estrategias de los actores políticos en torno al proceso de reforma para homologar el calendario electoral en Chiapas. Este caso muestra que aunque las reformas para homologar los procesos son deseables, su realización moviliza ambiciones de los poderes locales e incrementan las tensiones institucionales.

  17. Cynthia J. Najdowski: Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Presents a short biography of the winner of the American Psychological Association's Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award. The 2012 winner is Cynthia J. Najdowski for an outstanding research paper that examines how jurors' judgments are influenced by a juvenile defendant's confession and status as intellectually disabled. Through…

  18. Patterns in species richness and distribution of vascular epiphytes in Chiapas, Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wolf, J.H.D.; Flamenco-S., A.

    2003-01-01

    Aim We aim to assess regional patterns in the distribution and species richness of vascular epiphytes with an emphasis on forests that differ in altitude and the amount of rainfall. Location Tropical America, in particularly the 75000 km2 large state of Chiapas in southern Mexico at 14.5-18.0º N.

  19. Sedimentation in Rio La Venta Canyon in Netzahualcoyotl Reservoir, Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juan Antonio de la Fuente; Tom Lisle; Jose Velasquez; Bonnie L. Allison; Alisha Miller

    2000-01-01

    Sedimentation of Rio La Venta as it enters the Netzahualcoyotl Reservoir in Chiapas, Mexico, threatens a unique part of the aquatic ecosystem. Rio La Venta enters the reservoir via a narrow canyon about 16 km long with spectacular, near-vertical limestone bluffs up to 320 m high and inhabited by the flora and fauna of a pristine tropical forest.

  20. Gaining ground : land reform and the constitution of community in the Tojolabal Highlands of Chiapas, Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haar, van der G.

    2001-01-01

    This study reconstructs the process of land redistribution in an indigenous region of Chiapas, the Tojolabal Highlands, situated between the better known Central Highlands and the Lacandona Rainforest. Until 1930 this region was dominated by large private estates or fincas ,

  1. An annotated list of the avifauna of Palenque, Chiapas Lista comentada de la avifauna de Palenque, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael A. Patten

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The primary lowland rainforest around the Mayan ruins of Palenque, in the state of Chiapas, Mexico, has been the focus of much study. The second growth and the mosaic of pasture and farmland surrounding the protected area of Palenque National Park also have received some attention by researchers and visitors. Until now though, a complete avifaunal list for this area had not been compiled. In our judgment, 353 species have been recorded reliably, a hundred more than previously reported. An additional 27 species have been reported at the site on multiple occasions but for which we feel there is no definitive evidence. There are 202 regular breeders, most of them resident, and 87 migrants that winter or pass through regularly. Relative capture rates for understorey birds indicate that Phaethornis longirostris and Henicorhina leucosticta are most often caught, and some rarely seen birds, such a Geotrygon montana, are less rare than previously thought. In a state in which habitat destruction is routine, in which national parks are increasingly becoming forested islands, we need baseline data such as these to get a clearer idea of what occurs there if we are to understand anthropogenic effects on forests.La selva tropical perennifolia primaria en los alrededores de las ruinas mayas de Palenque, en el estado de Chiapas, México, ha sido objeto de muchos estudios. El bosque secundario y el mosaico de potreros y tierras agrícolas que rodean el área protegida del Parque Nacional Palenque también han recibido la atención de investigadores y visitantes. Sin embargo, hasta ahora no ha sido recopilado un inventario de la avifauna. Consideramos que 353 especies han sido registradas confiablemente, 100 más de las que han sido registradas previamente. Otras 27 especies han sido reportadas para este sitio, pero sentimos que no hay suficiente evidencia de su presencia allí. Hay 202 especies que anidan de manera regular, la mayoría residentes permanentes, y

  2. Parásitos del tapir centroamericano Tapirus bairdii (Perissodactyla: Tapiridae en Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Epigmenio Cruz Aldán

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Se recolectaron 19 muestras de excretas del tapir centroamericano (Tapirus bairdii en la Reserva "La Sepultura" (marzo a julio de 1999, así como un muestreo directo a un tapir macho de la Reserva "Montes Azules" (Chiapas, México. Se analizaron con cinco técnicas (flotación, MacMaster, micrometría, sedimentación de Ritchie y cuantitativa de Ferreira. Además se recolectaron muestras en piel de animales capturados en en las dos reservas y en una pareja de zoológico proveniente de Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas. Se hallaron nematodos y protozoarios: Agriostomun sp., Lacandoria sp., Neomurshidia sp., Trichostrongylus sp., Strongylus sp., Brachylumus sp., y un ancilostomaideo aun por identificar. Además se informa la presencia de Eimeria sp., y Balantidium coli. Los ácaros hallados fueron; Dermacentor halli, Dermacentor latus, Amblyomma cajannense, Amblyomma coelebs, Amblyomma ovale, Anocentor nitens e Ixodes bicornis.Parasites of the Central American tapir Tapirus bairdii (Perissodactyla: Tapiridae in Chiapas, Mexico. We analyzed 19 samples of Baird´s tapir feces from La Sepultura Biosphere Reserve, collected between March and July 1999. We also took samples directly from a male tapir captured at the Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve. Both reserves are in Chiapas, Mexico. We used five techniques: flotation, MacMaster, micrometric, Ritchie’s sedimentation and Ferreira´s quantitative. In addition, we collected ectoparasites from animals captured in both reserves and from a captive couple from Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas. These nematodes and protozoans were found: Agriostomun sp., Lacandoria sp., Neomurshidia sp., Trichostrongylus sp., Strongylus sp., Brachylumus sp, and an unidentified species of ancilostomaide. We also found Eimeria sp. and Balantidium coli, as well as the mites Dermacentor halli, Dermacentor latus, Amblyomma cajannense, Amblyomma coelebs, Amblyomma ovale, Anocentor nitens and Ixodes bicornis. Rev. Biol. Trop. 54(2: 445

  3. Jacques Joset, La muerte y la gramática. Los derroteros de Fernando Vallejo

    OpenAIRE

    Tedeschi, Stefano

    2010-01-01

    Escribir un libro sobre Fernando Vallejo se presenta como una operación siempre algo arriesgada. El tema es controvertido como pocos en el panorama de la literatura hispanoamericana actual: pasiones incondicionales se mueven alrededor de su nombre, hasta llegar a fanatismos quizás merecedores de otros ámbitos. Además Jacques Joset emprende tan atrevida tarea siendo él, como se recuerda en las primeras páginas, « el editor de Cien años de soledad », el que ha pasado largos días de su vida volc...

  4. Fernando Nobre, presidente da Assistência Médica Internacional

    OpenAIRE

    Teixeira, Sofia

    2011-01-01

    Sofia Teixeira entrevista Fernando Nobre, presidente da Assistência Médica Internacional. «Nada é por acaso na vida. Em 1981, na fronteira entre o Sudão e o Chade cruzeime com uma equipa de jornalistas franceses da revista L`Express. Eles publicaram um artigo onde falavam do meu trabalho no Chade e esse artigo é lido pela equipa da Grande Reportagem da RTP, dirigida pelo José Manuel Barata-Feyo. Localizaram-me e fizeram uma reportagem comigo, no Chade, em 1983. Foi essa reportagem que desen...

  5. Characterization and classification of cambisols from the archipelago Fernando de Noronha, Pernambuco, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Marques, Flávio Adriano; Ribeiro, Mateus Rosas; Bittar, Sheila Maria Bretas; Lima Neto, José de Almeida; Lima, José Fernando Wanderley Fernandes

    2007-01-01

    Este trabalho visou caracterizar e classificar Cambissolos de ocorrência comum no Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, com o objetivo de testar e contribuir para o desenvolvimento do Sistema Brasileiro de Classificação de Solos (SiBCS). Além disso, uma melhor compreensão desses solos e de sua distribuição na paisagem é de grande importância no planejamento do uso da terra, para nortear ações governamentais visando à exploração sustentável desse complexo turístico-ecológico. Com base no Mapa De...

  6. El fútbol en Chiapas (México: ¿un símbolo de identidad?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábregas Puig, Andrés

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The author discusses the way soccer is organized, practiced and lived out in the Mexican state of Chiapas where, since 2002, upon the arrival of the professional team Los Jaguares de Chiapas, the world around this sport has changed substantially with regard to both the construction of Chiapaneco identity and the national context of Mexican sports.

    Este artículo pretende revisar la organización futbolística y su vivencia en el estado mexicano de Chiapas donde, desde el año 2002, con la llegada de un equipo profesional de fútbol: los Jaguares de Chiapas, la articulación en torno a este deporte se ha modificado sustancialmente, tanto dentro del panorama deportivo mexicano como en referencia a la construcción de la identidad chiapaneca.

  7. ATTENTION OF CHILDBIRTH, RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION AND PUBLIC POLITICS OF REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH IN INDIGENOUS POPULATION OF CHIAPAS

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    Austreberta Nazar Beutelspacher, Benito Salvatierra Izaba y Emma Zapata Martelo

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper it’s analyze the tendencies of childbirth attention of urban indigenous women excluded in Chiapas, from rural settlement in Los Altos de Chiapas. It’s an exploratory essay which contributes to clear up the relation that establishes immigrant indigenous population with institutional health services for childbirth attention and modifications in traditional medicine. Are discussed the scopes of these changes in the operation of the institutional program of reproductive health and the risk of mother death.

  8. UM OLHAR SOBRE OS CONFLITOS NO AMBIENTE ORGANIZACIONAL: entrevista com Dr. Pedro Fernando Santos Silva da Cunha.

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    Kamille Ramos Torres

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Nessa edição, a Revista Foco, por meio de Kamille Ramos Torres, traz uma entrevista com o Dr. Pedro Fernando Santos Silva da Cunha, professor associado com agregação da Universidade Fernando Pessoa em Portugal. Suas pesquisas versam sobre a Gestão de Conflitos, Negociação, Mediação, Paz, entre outros. Nessa entrevista, ele expõe sua trajetória profissional e acadêmica, e nos fornece um pouco do seu imenso conhecimento sobre a Mediação de Conflitos no ambiente organizacional.

  9. From Bishop to President: historical and mediatic constructions of the Paraguayan president Fernando Lugo in brazilian weekly magazines

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    Rafael Foletto

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article’s purpose is to understand the historical and mediatic constructions made bay brazilian magazines about Bishop Fernando Lugo, in its path from priesthood to president of Paraguay in 2008, and the repercussions of those in the diplomatic relations between the two countries. The research identified, analyzed and questioned the communication processes promoted by the brazilian ma- gazines Carta Capital, Época, Isto É and Veja, from 2007 to 2010, questioning and problematizing the construction of the symbolic representation of the new politi- cal actor, Paraguayan president Fernando Lugo.

  10. Firewood deficit in coffee communities of Chenalhó, Chiapas

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    Juan Manuel Ramírez López

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Firewood is the main energy source for many indigenous communities in Mexico. We studied the relationship between consumption and availability of firewood in a group of coffee producers and describe their strategies developed to meet the shortfall in supply of firewood in eight coffee communities of Chenalho, Chiapas. The analysis included participatory workshops, interviews, direct measurement of consumption, collection and botanical identification of plant material of species used for firewood. The consumption of firewood varied between 3.7 ± 1.5 to 3.9 ± 2.7 kg person -1 days-1. In general, families with more members optimize the use of fuel to reduce the rate of consumption per capita, families with 10 to 12 members take up to 55% less in relation to families of 2-4 people. The loss of original vegetation cover has resulted in a dearth of species traditionally used for firewood (eg., oaks as now used species from agroforestry systems to meet the demand for firewood. Actions to reduce consumption are limited to keep the fire off when not in use in food preparation and use of devices to reduce the time of preparation of “tortillas”. Although some families have adopted theuse of saving stoves as a strategy to reduce consumption found not found significant differences (p> 0.05 in relation to consumption using the traditional stove (4.1 ± 1.7 vs. 3.7 ± 1.5 kg person-1 days-1, respectively. Although the coffeeplantations are ongoing source of supply of firewood, they do not meet the demands, so that some families must buy investing $1631 ± 1203 Mexican pesos yearly. It is envisaged that the firewood deficit will worsen in coming years giventhe increase in population density, the floristic impoverishment, continued deforestation and forest fragmentation. There is low potential for wood energy plantations in current areas of coffee production, while they do not outweigh the economic benefits obtained from the coffee.

  11. Isolation of Salmonella spp. in cattle egrets (Bubulcus ibis) from Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Marcio A; Fernandes, Érika F S T; Santana, Sandra C; Marvulo, Maria Fernanda V; Barros, Mércia R; Vilela, Sineide M O; Reis, Eliane M F; Mota, Rinaldo A; Silva, Jean C R

    2018-03-03

    The growth of the population of cattle egrets (Bubulcus ibis) in the archipelago of Fernando de Noronha constitutes a threat to public health and biological diversity because of their competition with and predation on native species and the possibility of transmission of pathogens to human beings, livestock and native wildlife. The aim here was to search for, isolate and identify serovars of Salmonella in clinically healthy local cattle egrets. Cloacal swabs were obtained from 456 clinically healthy cattle egrets of both sexes and a variety of ages. The swabs were divided into 51 pools. Six of these (11.7%) presented four serovars of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica: Salmonella serovar Typhimurium; Salmonella serovar Newport; Salmonella serovar Duisburg; and Salmonella serovar Zega. One sample was identified as S. enterica subspecies enterica O16:y:-. Results in this study suggest that cattle egrets may be reservoirs of this agent on Fernando de Noronha and represent a risk to public health and biological diversity. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda.

  12. Risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection in sheep and cattle from Fernando de Noronha Island, Brazil

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    Fernando Jorge Rodrigues Magalhães

    Full Text Available Abstract Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease of global distribution that affects all warm-blooded animals. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the prevalence of T. gondii infection and identify the risk factors associated with its occurrence in domestic ruminants raised on the island of Fernando de Noronha, Brazil, and to confirm that cattle and sheep raised in Fernando de Noronha Island present statistically different T. gondii prevalence rates. Serum samples were collected from sheep (n=240 and cattle (n=140 for the detection of antibodies by indirect immunofluorescence. Samples were collected from all the animals on all the farms. Risk factors were analyzed by univariate analysis and logistic regression. The prevalence rate of positive sheep was 85.0% while that of cattle was 10.7%. A multivariate analysis revealed that the site of contact of sheep with felines was a risk factor. For cattle, the risk factors identified in this study were: extensive farming system, water source, more than three cats per farm, and the presence of rats in feed storage locations. The findings revealed a significant difference in the prevalence rates in sheep and cattle raised in this insular environment.

  13. Trophic relationships of the spinner dolphin at Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, SW Atlantic

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    José Martins Silva-Jr

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available We present an overview of predator-prey and other trophic relationships of spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris around Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, off northeastern Brazil, with use of original data and a brief review of data published elsewhere. Records were made while snorkelling among the dolphins in daytime. Individual fish pursuit and coordinated school herding were the two hunting tactics recorded. Three small prey types (oceanic squids, fishes, and prawns were recovered from vomits collected in situ and from stomachs of two stranded dolphins. In their turn, spinners were preyed on by the cookiecutter sharks (Dalatiidae as evidenced by round and crater-like wounds and circular scars. Additionally, the dolphins were preyed on by large sharks (Lamnidae, Carcharhinidae, as evidenced by crescent-shaped wounds and scars. Unidentified fishes bit fin pieces, as evidenced by variably-shaped marks. On the other hand, dolphins’ particulate faeces, vomits and live roundworms were eaten by plankton-feeding fishes. Thus, the trophic role of the spinner dolphins of Fernando de Noronha may be summarised as that of : 1 a predator of small oceanic squids, fishes, and prawns; 2 a prey for the small, piece-eating cookiecutter sharks and other unidentified fishes; 3 a prey for large sharks able to kill a dolphin; and 4 a particulate food supplier for plankton-eating fishes.

  14. Spatial sedimentary distribution, seasonality and the characteristics of organic matter on Fernando de Noronha insular shelf

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    Roberto Lima Barcellos

    Full Text Available Abstract The present study was conducted in the Fernando de Noronha archipelago (4°S/32°W. The objective is the evaluation of the spatial distribution and seasonal variations in the sediments and sedimentary organic matter in the northern insular shelf of Fernando de Noronha ("Mar de Dentro". Nineteen surface sediment samples were collected between December 2013, July 2014 and November 2014. The studied methods included analysis of the grain size, coarse fraction, morphoscopy, total organic matter content, calcium carbonate, organic carbon, total nitrogen, sedimentary phosphorus (organic, inorganic and total, elemental ratios (C/N, C/P and stable isotopic ratios (δ13C-δ15N. The results allowed to infer that there is no seasonal variation in sediment distribution. Whereas, the shelf sediments present a calcareous sandy sedimentary cover (CaCO3≈ 88.3%, predominantly of well-sorted fine sands, with low organic matter content (TOM3.0%; TN>0.4% of mixed origin (δ13C= -24.5 to -23.0%PDB, which were related to anthropogenic impacts and the biotic and abiotic local processes.

  15. Spiders from the Island of Fernando de Noronha, Brazil: Part III: Gnaphosidae (Araneae: Arachnida Aranhas da Ilha de Fernando de Noronha, Brasil: Parte III: Gnaphosidae (Araneae: Arachnida

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    Antonio D. Brescovit

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The female of Zimiromus hortenciae Buckup & Brescovit, 1993 is described for the first time and Trachyzelotes kulczynskii (Bösemberg, 1902, a species introduced from Europe, is recorded for the first time on the island of Fernando de Noronha, state of Pernambuco. The latter, along with T. lyonneti (Audouim, 1826 recorded from the state of Rio Grande do Sul, is the second species of this genus to be reported from Brazil. The spiders were collected with pitfall traps in five points of the island. Ecological data showed that Gnaphosidae was the fifth best sampled spider family, with 179 specimens, belonging to two species, T. kulczynskii and Z. hortenciae. Trachyzelotes kulczynskii was the most abundant with 118 adults while Z. hortenciae was represented by only 21 adults. Both species were collected during the dry and wet seasons but T. kulczynskii was more abundant during the wet season while Z. hortenciae was more abundant during the dry season. The male:female ratio for the dry season was similar for both species but in the wet season it was three times higher for T. kulczynskii.A fêmea de Zimiromus hortenciae Buckup & Brescovit, 1993 é descrita pela primeira vez. Trachyzelotes kulczynskii (Bösemberg, 1902, uma espécie de origem européia, é registrada pela primeira vez na Ilha de Fernando de Noronha, no estado de Pernambuco. Junto com T. lyonneti (Audouin, 1826, já registrado para o estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, é a segunda espécie do gênero introduzida no Brasil. As aranhas foram coletadas com armadilhas de solo em cinco pontos da ilha e os dados ecológicos detectados para Gnaphosidae foram de que esta foi a quinta família melhor amostrada dentre Araneae, com 179 espécimes de duas espécies, T. kulczynskii e Z. hortenciae. Trachyzelotes kulczynskii foi mais abundante com 118 adultos enquanto Z. hortenciae teve 21 adultos coletados. Ambas foram coletadas nas estações seca e chuvosa, sendo que T. kulczynskii foi mais

  16. Infancias indígenas. Los centros de atención a la niñez en Chiapas y el reto de la educación intercultural frente a la diversidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathia Núñez Patiño

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Las transformaciones económicas que han impactado en las comunidades indígenas en Chiapas desde los últimos años del siglo XX han generado procesos de migración hacia ciudades como Tuxtla, Tapachula o San Cristóbal de Las Casas.. Se identifican modelos de atención a la niñez indígena con los que operan organizaciones civiles y dependencias públicas, para conocer las concepciones de infancia que subyacen en estas instituciones, su eficacia y su pertinencia cultural. Exponemos las características de los centros que ofrecen atención a la infancia, cómo se asume el contexto intercultural y los retos que enfrenta la educación formal.

  17. Fernando Pessoa and Aleister Crowley: new discoveries and a new analysis of the documents in the Gerald Yorke Collection

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pasi, M.; Ferrari, P.

    2012-01-01

    The documents concerning the relationship between Fernando Pessoa and Aleister Crowley preserved in the Yorke Collection at the Warburg Institute (London) have been known for some time. However, recent new findings have prompted a new analysis of the dossier. The purpose of this article is to have a

  18. Candidate Vectors and Rodent Hosts of Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus, Chiapas, 2006–2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deardorff, Eleanor R.; Estrada-Franco, Jose G.; Freier, Jerome E.; Navarro-Lopez, Roberto; Da Rosa, Amelia Travassos; Tesh, Robert B.; Weaver, Scott C.

    2011-01-01

    Enzootic Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) has been known to occur in Mexico since the 1960s. The first natural equine epizootic was recognized in Chiapas in 1993 and since then, numerous studies have characterized the etiologic strains, including reverse genetic studies that incriminated a specific mutation that enhanced infection of epizootic mosquito vectors. The aim of this study was to determine the mosquito and rodent species involved in enzootic maintenance of subtype IE VEEV in coastal Chiapas. A longitudinal study was conducted over a year to discern which species and habitats could be associated with VEEV circulation. Antibody was rarely detected in mammals and virus was not isolated from mosquitoes. Additionally, Culex (Melanoconion) taeniopus populations were found to be spatially related to high levels of human and bovine seroprevalence. These mosquito populations were concentrated in areas that appear to represent foci of stable, enzootic VEEV circulation. PMID:22144461

  19. Análisis espacial de la fecundidad adolescente en municipios de Chiapas

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    Gerardo Núñez Medina

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza la distribución espacial de la fecundidad de adolescentes entre 10 y 19 años y algunos de sus determinantes en Chiapas en 2015. La importancia de esta investigación radica en tres factores: 1 Chiapas es el estado con mayor proporción de población joven-adolescente en el país; 2 es la tercera entidad con el mayor número de embarazos adolescentes, y 3 85 de sus 118 municipios fueron catalogados por CONAPO como de alta y muy alta marginación, lo que hace evidente que la entidad presenta importantes problemas de segregación económica, social y espacial.

  20. [Parasites of the Central American tapir Tapirus bairdii (Perissodactyla: Tapiridae) in Chiapas, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz Aldán, Epigmenio; Lira Torres, Iván; Güiris Andrade, Dario Marcelino; Osorio Sarabia, David; Quintero M, Ma Teresa

    2006-06-01

    We analyzed 19 samples of Baird's tapir feces from La Sepultura Biosphere Reserve, collected between March and July 1999. We also took samples directly from a male tapir captured at the Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve. Both reserves are in Chiapas, Mexico. We used five techniques: flotation, MacMaster, micrometric, Ritchie's sedimentation and Ferreira's quantitative. In addition, we collected ectoparasites from animals captured in both reserves and from a captive couple from Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas. These nematodes and protozoans were found: Agriostomun sp., Lacandoria sp., Neomurshidia sp., Trichostrongylus sp., Strongylus sp., Brachylumus sp, and an unidentified species of ancilostomaide. We also found Eimeria sp. and Balantidium coli, as well as the mites Dermacentor halli, Dermacentor latus, Amblyomma cajannense, Amblyomma coelebs, Amblyomma ovale, Anocentor nitens and Ixodes bicornis.

  1. Michael K. Scullin: Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    Presents Michael K. Scullin as the 2011 winner of the American Psychological Association Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award. "For an outstanding research paper that examines the relationship between prospective memory in executing a goal and various lapses of time from 20 minutes up to a 12- hour wake delay and a 12-hour sleep delay. The results suggest that consolidation processes active during sleep increase the probability of goal execution. The paper, titled 'Remembering to Execute a Goal: Sleep On It!' was published in Psychological Science in 2010 and was the basis for Michael K. Scullin's selection as the recipient of the 2011 Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award. Mark A. McDaniel, PhD, served as faculty research advisor." (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved). 2011 APA, all rights reserved

  2. Cólera, Iglesia católica y gobierno civil en Chiapas, 1833-1835

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    José Javier Guillén Villafuerte

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available En 1833, la República mexicana padeció el embate de la primera epidemia de cólera morbo de su historia. Este artículo estudia las medidas que adoptaron las autoridades civiles y religiosas de Chiapas para proteger de ese mal a los habitantes de la región. Asimismo, se busca mostrar cómo las diversas problemáticas —de carácter político y financiero en el caso del gobierno y de orden social en el de la Iglesia— que enfrentaban ambas instancias dificultaron su actuación durante el tiempo que la epidemia se cebó sobre la población de Chiapas. Finalmente, establecer, después de un ejercicio de crítica documental, cuál pudo ser su impacto demográfico.

  3. The 8 September 2017 Tsunami Triggered by the M w 8.2 Intraplate Earthquake, Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramírez-Herrera, María Teresa; Corona, Néstor; Ruiz-Angulo, Angel; Melgar, Diego; Zavala-Hidalgo, Jorge

    2018-01-01

    The 8 September 2017, M w 8.2 earthquake offshore Chiapas, Mexico, is the largest earthquake in recorded history in Chiapas since 1902. It caused damage in the states of Oaxaca, Chiapas and Tabasco, including more than 100 fatalities, over 1.5 million people were affected, and 41,000 homes were damaged in the state of Chiapas alone. This earthquake, an intraplate event on a normal fault on the oceanic subducting plate, generated a tsunami recorded at several tide gauge stations in Mexico and on the Pacific Ocean. Here, we report the physical effects of the tsunami on the Chiapas coast and analyze the societal implications of this tsunami on the basis of our post-tsunami field survey. The associated tsunami waves were recorded first at Huatulco tide gauge station at 5:04 (GMT) 12 min after the earthquake. We covered ground observations along 41 km of the coast of Chiapas, encompassing the sites with the highest projected wave heights based on our preliminary tsunami model (maximum tsunami amplitudes between 94.5° and 93.0°W). Runup and inundation distances were measured along eight sites. The tsunami occurred at low tide. The maximum runup was 3 m at Boca del Cielo, and maximum inundation distance was 190 m in Puerto Arista, corresponding to the coast in front of the epicenter and in the central sector of the Gulf of Tehuantepec. Tsunami scour and erosion was evident along the Chiapas coast. Tsunami deposits, mainly sand, reached up to 32 cm thickness thinning landward up to 172 m distance.

  4. List of participants of the VI School on Cosmic Rays and Astrophysics 17-25 November 2015, Chiapas, Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2017-01-01

    Lecturers: 1.- Oscar Saavedra San Martín Università di Torino and Istituto Nazionale di FisicaNucleare (INFN, Italy) 2.- Mario Rodríguez Cahuantzi Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla (BUAP) 3.- Alberto Carramiñana Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, Óptica y Electrónica (INAOE, Mexico) 4.- Marco Casolino Rikagaku Kenkyusho, Research Institute (RIKEN, Japan) and INFN (Italy) 5.- Paolo Desiati Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophysics Center (WIPAC), Department of Astronomy (Madison, USA) 6.- Paolo Lipari Sezione Roma I dell’ INFN, Universita’ degli Studi “La Sapienza” c/o Istituto di Fisica (Italy) 7.- Juan Carlos Arteaga Velázquez Instituto de Física y Matemáticas of Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo (IFM-UMSNH, Mexico) 8.- Karen Salomé Caballero Mora Facultad de Ciencias en Física y Matemáticas, Universidad Autónoma de Chiapas (FCFM-UNACH, Mexico) 9.- Pat Harding Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL, USA) 10.- Omar Miranda Romagnoli Departamento de Física, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (CINVESTAV-Mexico) 11.- Pierluigi Belli INFN Roma Tor Vergata (Italy) 12.- Giuseppe Di Sciascio Departament of Physics (INFN, Italy) 13.- César Álvarez Ochoa FCFM-UNACH, Mexico 14.- Luis Villaseñor IFM-UMSNH, Mexico 15.- Jorge Romo FCFM-UNACH, Mexico 16.- Lukas Nellen Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (ICN-UNAM, Mexico) Students: 1.- Ibrahim Torres, INAOE, Mexico 2.-Andrea Correa, Escuela Politécnica Nacional, Ecuador 3.- Humberto Martínez Huerta, CINVESTAV, Mexico 4.- Iván Antonio Cárdenas Muñoz, Universidad de Sonora, Mexico 5.- Juan Antonio Salazar Contreras, Escuela de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, USAC, Guatemala 6.- Pravda Linda Flor Cabrera Vogel, USAC, Guatemala 7.- Luis Guillermo García Ordóñez, USAC, Guatemala 8.- Marco Antonio Morales Ovalle, USAC, Guatemala 9.- Joshua Raphael L

  5. Pronounced particularity: a comparison of governance structures on Lord Howe Island and Fernando de Noronha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arianne Reis

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper compares and contrasts the management systems and governance structures of two island sites with national and international World Heritage recognition: Lord Howe Island (off the mid-east coast of Australia and Fernando de Noronha (off the north-east coast of Brazil. Using historical and contemporary references, the paper explores the manner in which two distinct approaches to governance are implicated in the daily living of community members, and considers their socioeconomic activities. We use the case of tourism and World Heritage management as examples of the complexities involved in the different forms of governance structures adopted by these two small oceanic islands: similar in nature and official status, but significantly different when the outcomes of their governance practices are analysed. In the final part of the paper, we suggest mechanisms and approaches that can promote sustainable local engagement with island issues.

  6. Los huicholes, de Fernando Benítez: un relato de viaje

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    Lucero Margarita Aguirre-Valdés

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El género relato de viaje cuenta con una nueva apertura para su campo de estudio gracias a las investigaciones del español Luis Alburquerque García. Haciendo uso de sus aportaciones teóricas, este trabajo busca aplicarlas al texto Los huicholes , del escritor y periodista Fernando Benítez. Se demostró que en la construcción de dicha obra participan de igual manera lo referencial y la literatura gracias al constante uso del lenguaje poético; al mismo tiempo que se mantiene en el límite entre dos disciplinas, una objetiva e informativa, y otra, subjetiva y estética.

  7. Fernando González: caminando por su novela Viaje a pie

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    FRANCISCO LUIS GIRALDO GUTIÉRREZ

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Fernando González, ícono de la tradición literaria antioqueña, ha hecho que hoy en día las profundas y polémicas ideas sobre la realidad de su época lo presenten como un escritor con alta sensibilidad social, política y un constante renegar religioso. “Caminar” por la obra Viaje a pie , es precisamente eso: recorrer los senderos que él transitó en un tiempo. En el presente artículo se busca conocer la concepción que el autor tiene sobre la geografía, el amor, el desamor, la familia, la política y la religión, procurando así una caracterización del pensador envigadeño, la contextualización de los hechos y escenarios presentes en la obra referenciada.

  8. Fernando González, educador latinoamericano: pensamiento y rebeldía

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    Diana Milena Peñuela Contreras

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo pretende mostrar algunas de las potencialidades del pensamiento del filósofo antioqueño Fernando González, que lo configuran como educador latinoamericano, a partir de una mirada a sus procesos de creación de formas diferentes de existencia, caracterizadas por la rebeldía y el ejercicio de libertad, las cuales permiten impensar las comprensiones contemporáneas sobre lo educativo. Para ello, se presenta una reconstrucción biográfica que analiza los distintos momentos de su producción escritural, desde una mirada a su ser maestro y a su visión sobre la escuela, la juventud y la educación, que permiten nuevas formas de pensamiento y existencia.

  9. A Pausa Musical como Signo Polissémico na Obra para Guitarra de Fernando Sor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Iván Barceló Abeijón

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Através do estudo de numerosas obras para guitarra do famoso músico Fernando Sor (1778-1839, temos descoberto que este artista, além de usar a pausa musical escrita com o objetivo habitual de indicar uma suspensão temporal do som numa partitura, também tem utilizado ocasionalmente esse símbolo assignando-lhe uma função suplementar não convencional: uma mudança de posição da mão esquerda. No presente artigo apresentamos essa função não evidente, que temos denominado pausa-sinal, exemplificada mediante alguns fragmentos musicais pertinentes.

  10. Men in transit: The spectrum of masculinity in Caio Fernando Abreu’s White Limit (1970

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Filipe Stacul

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In the present work, we aim at discussing the construction of subjectivity in relation to gender categories, especially in regards to male identity, in Caio Fernando Abreu’s first novel White Limit (Original title: Limite branco, 1970. We believe that the protagonist’s process of aging, alongside with his subject’s formation, in the narrative, takes us to face a fluidity, which puts at stake the notions of what is taken for granted as appropriate for the  individual.  Studies on the displacement of the contemporary subject, Gender Studies, and on men's studies in particular, will serve as the theoretical apparatus for the discussions raised here.

  11. Teología literaria en El desbarrancadero de Fernando Vallejo

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    Juanita Cristina Aristizábal

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo indaga en las resonancias modernistas en El desbarrancadero (2001 de Fernando Vallejo. Tomando como punto de partida las conexiones que la novela establece con Rubén Darío y Vargas Vila, propone que la escritura de Vallejo dialoga con varias de las coordenadas que marcaron la producción cultural en el periodo de entresiglos en América Latina y Europa. La lectura de la novela se ocupa de la forma que, un siglo más tarde, toman en el discurso de Vallejo temas como el simbolismo, la muerte de Dios, la sacralización de la poesía y la identidad nacional.

  12. Travel guides by Fernando Pessoa and Manuel Bandeira: a compared reading

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Alves Lopes

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present a compared reading of the travel guides Lisboa: o que o turista deve ver (1925, by Fernando Pessoa and Guia de Ouro Prêto (1938, by Manuel Bandeira, in the scope of the studies in literature and tourism. The reading highlights the authorial intent in each text, the historical and cultural context in which they arose, and the political changes – considering that these guides are not only works of the Modernist movement, but also nationalist expressions in search of reclaiming the national identity. Additionally, the article places the guides by Pessoa and Bandeira in the historiography of tourism and literature, both in Portugal and in Brazil, and focuses on the fact that both texts reinterpret the cities, create myths and encourage a close look – that shifts between fiction and reality – on the city spaces in Lisbon and Ouro Preto.

  13. Pessoas-livros: O Arquivo Bibliográfico de Fernando Pessoa

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    Pedro Sepúlveda

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Although Fernando Pessoa’s work mostly exists in the nearly 30,000 pieces of paper that form the archive held by the Portuguese National Library, it is possible to show how this archive is composed by bibliographical materials, which link it to the book as a medium. Against the common idea of Pessoa as someone who didn’t write books and only left individual pieces of paper, this material evidence shows that the poet conceived an idea of the book and of a set of books, which conditioned his way of writing. This article follows the purpose of contextualizing and determining Pessoa’s concerns with the materiality of a medium different than the one which contains the greater part of his work, by analyzing several evidences of this bibliographical dimension of his writing.

  14. Sustainable Development in Fernando de Noronha, Pernambuco, Brazil, According to Tourism Professionals

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    Artur Gomes de Oliveira

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to identify how tourism professionals realize sustainable development in Fernando de Noronha, Pernambuco, Brazil, to that end, a questionnaire based on Sen (2010 sustainable development model was applied to a sample of 127 elements and a search in secondary socioeconomic data was performed. The data obtained through the questionnaire were subjected to analysis with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences software to perform an Exploratory Factor Analysis and after, it was made a Confirmatory Factor Analysis using AMOS software. As a result, the socio-economic data indicated the emergence of social and economic problems over time and that the sustainable development model has not been identified, suggesting that, according to the tourism-related professionals, the management model applied to the island does not track the path that leads to sustainability, even when a special attention is given to the preservation of the local environment.

  15. Helberto Helder e a apropriação parcialíssima de Episódios / A Múmia de Fernando Pessoa

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    Tatiana Aparecida Picosque

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available We intend to analyze excerpts from the series of poems called Episódios/A Múmia do Cancioneiro, written by Fernando Pessoa. We want to understand why these poems are appropriate in the anthology book Edoi Lelia Doura (1985, organized by Herberto Helder - for many, he’s considered the greatest Portuguese poet appeared after Fernando Pessoa. What attracts our attention is the fact of Fernando Pessoa and Herberto Helder have divergent poetries. It´s therefore interesting to notice what becomes this series of poems similar to the Herberto Helder’s poetry, to the point of paying little homage to it.

  16. Métrica, tropos y figuras en las Anotaciones de Fernando de Herrera

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    Torre, Esteban

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In the year 1580 in Seville, the Works of Garcilaso de la Vega with Annotations by Fernando de Herrera were first published, in which he edits and comments on thirty-five sonnets, five songs, two elegies, one letter, and three eclogues by the Toledo-born poet. With the exception of the letter, each of the other poetic formats is followed by an extensive dissertation of a largely historical and scholarly kind. Yet, what is of greatest interest are the specific comments he makes upon concrete lines of verse, comments which reveal him as possessing a thorough knowledge of the poetic theories in vogue during the second half of the sixteenth century, and also as an extraordinarily perceptive and sensitive literary critic. In this discussion his numerous references to metrical-based issues, as well as to tropological and figurative language, are mulled over, analyzed, and systematized.En el año 1580, se publicaron por primera vez en Sevilla las Obras de Garcilaso de la Vega con anotaciones de Fernando de Herrera, que edita y comenta treinta y cinco sonetos, cinco canciones, dos elegías, una epístola y tres églogas del poeta toledano. Con excepción de la epístola, cada una de las otras formas poemáticas va seguida de una extensa disertación de corte fundamentalmente histórico y erudito. Pero lo más interesante son los comentarios puntuales que hace a determinados versos, que nos revelan a un profundo conocedor de las teorías poéticas vigentes en la segunda mitad del siglo XVI y a un crítico literario extraordinariamente perspicaz y sensible. Se reúnen, analizan y sistematizan aquí sus numerosísimas referencias a las cuestiones métricas y al lenguaje tropológico y figurado.

  17. Sinopsis de los Meloidae (Coleoptera de Chiapas (México y comentarios taxonómicos sobre el género Denierota Kaszab, 1959

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    Parra-Olea, G.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The revision of the specimens of the family Meloidae (Coleoptera from the small Entomological Collection of ECOSUR at San Cristóbal de las Casas (Chiapas, Mexico, together with the revision of the material of Chiapas from the National Insect Collection (CNIN-IBUNAM, Instituto de Biología, UNAM, México of the genus Epicauta, Hungarian Museum of Natural History (HMNH, Magyar Természettudományi Múzeum, Budapest and Marco A. Bologna’ collection (MAB, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Italy, allow us to report the presence of Epicauta diana Pinto, 1991, Epicauta rufipennis (Chevrolat, 1834, Epicauta forticornis (Haag-Rutenberg, 1880, Epicauta distorta (Champion, 1892, Meloe tropicus Motschulsky, 1856, Denierota kraatzi (Haag-Rutenberg, 1880, Pyrota decorata (Haag-Rutenberg, 1880, Cissites auriculata (Champion, 1892 and Tetraonyx frontalis Chevrolat, 1833 for the first time in the State of Chiapas (México. Amongst these records, those of M. tropicus confirm the presence of the species in Mexico. The specimen of D. kraatzi represents the first precise record for the genus Denierota in México. The study of the material used by Z. Kaszab to describe the genus Denierota (HNHM, together with the specimens from M. Bologna’s Collection and the study of photographs of the type specimens of Lytta sanguineoguttata Haag-Rutenberg, 1880 and Lytta kraatzi Haag-Rutenberg, 1880, the two taxa previously included in Denierota, from the Zoologische Staatssammlung of Münich (Germany, allow us to conclude that the genus includes only one described species, and to formalize the synonymy of L. sanguineoguttata with L. kraatzi, solving both the long standing problem of the identity of L. kraatzi and the secondary problem caused by the lack of type locality (“patria ignota” for the species.La revisión de los ejemplares de la familia Meloidae de la pequeña colección entomológica del ECOSUR en San Cristóbal de las Casas (Chiapas, México, acompañada del

  18. New constraints on the origin of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas (south Mexico) from sediment provenance and apatite thermochronometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Witt, C.; Brichau, S.; Carter, A.

    2012-12-01

    The timing and source of deformation responsible for formation of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas (south Mexico) are unclear. To address this, apatite fission track and U-Th-He thermochronometry, combined with zircon U-Pb dating, were performed on bedrock and sedimentary samples of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas to discern timing of exhumation and identify sediment source areas. The U-Pb results show that Paleocene-Eocene terrigenous units outcropping at the northern section of the Sierra were mostly derived from Grenville (˜1 Ga) basement whereas the internal sections of the chain yield mainly Permian to Triassic ages (circa 270-230 Ma) typical of the Chiapas massif complex. Grenville-sourced sediments are most probably sourced by the Oaxacan block or the Guichicovi complex and were deposited to the north of the Sierra in a foreland setting related to a Laramide deformation front. Other possibly source areas may be related to metasedimentary units widely documented at the south Maya block such as the Baldi unit. The apatite fission track and U-Th-He data combined with previously published results record three main stages in exhumation history: (1) slow exhumation between 35 and 25 Ma affecting mainly the Chiapas massif complex; (2) fast exhumation between 16 and 9 Ma related to the onset of major strike-slip deformation affecting both the Chiapas massif complex and Chiapas fold-and-thrust belt; and (3) a 6 to 5 Ma period of rapid cooling that affected the Chiapas fold-and-thrust belt, coincident with the landward migration of the Caribbean-North America plate boundaries. These data suggest that most of the topographic growth of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas took place in the middle to late Miocene. The new thermochronological evidence combined with stratigraphic and kinematic information suggests that the left-lateral strike-slip faults bounding the Chiapas fold-and-thrust belt to the west may have accommodated most of the displacement between the North American and

  19. Apatite Fission-Track Analysis of the Middle Jurassic Todos Santos Formation from Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdullin, Fanis; Solé, Jesús; Shchepetilnikova, Valentina; Solari, Luigi; Ortega-Obregón, Carlos

    2014-05-01

    The Sierra de Chiapas (SCH), located in the south of Mexico, is a complex geological province that can be divided on four different lithological or tectonic areas: (1) the Chiapas Massif Complex (CMC); (2) the Central Depression; (3) the Strike-slip Fault Province, and (4) the Chiapas Fold-and-thrust Belt. The CMC mostly consists of Permian granitoids and meta-granitoids, and represents the basement of the SCH. During the Jurassic period red beds and salt were deposited on this territory, related to the main pulse of rifting and opening of the Gulf of Mexico. Most of the Cretaceous stratigraphy contains limestones and dolomites deposited on a marine platform setting during the postrift stage of the Gulf of Mexico rift. During the Cenozoic Era took place the major clastic sedimentation along the SCH. According the published low-temperature geochronology data (Witt et al., 2012), SCH has three main phases of thermo-tectonic history: (1) slow exhumation between 35 and 25 Ma, that affected mainly the basement (CMC) and is probably related to the migration of the Chortís block; (2) fast exhumation during the Middle-Late Miocene caused by strike-slip deformation that affects almost all Chiapas territory; (3) period of rapid cooling from 6 to 5 Ma, that affects the Chiapas Fold-and-thrust Belt, coincident with the landward migration of the Caribbean-North America plate boundaries. The two last events were the most significant on the formation of the present-day topography of the SCH. However, the stratigraphy of the SCH shows traces of the existence of earlier tectonic events. This study presents preliminary results of apatite fission-track (AFT) dating of sandstones from the Todos Santos Formation (Middle Jurassic). The analyses are performed with in situ uranium determination using LA-ICP-MS (e.g., Hasebe et al., 2004). The AFT data indicate that this Formation has suffered high-grade diagenesis (probably over 150 ºC) and the obtained cooling ages, about 70-60 Ma

  20. Árboles forrajeros de tres regiones ganaderas de Chiapas, México: Usos y características nutricionales

    OpenAIRE

    Pinto-Ruiz, R; Hernández, D; Gómez, Η; Cobos, ΜΑ; Quiroga, R; Pezo, D

    2010-01-01

    El trabajo tuvo como objetivo conocer las plantas leñosas que poseen potencial forrajero de tres regiones ganaderas de Chiapas, México e identificar usos, composición química y características de degradación ruminal. Se aplicó un cuestionario a productores pecuarios de la región Costa, Frontera y Norte de Chiapas. Los resultados de la encuesta se procesaron utilizando frecuencias y porcentajes. El diagnóstico obtenido derivó en el conocimiento de 103 especies leñosas reconocidas como proveedo...

  1. Tres Torres y un mar: La última obra de Fernando Cassinello

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    García-Sánchez, J. F.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The work of spanish architect, Fernando Cassinello Pérez has been rarely published, although he built a lot and well. His life is based on three areas: architectural production, academic and research activities. In this research his latest work will be discussed: Three Tower triplets Star-Building (1975 was built on the seafront in Zapillo, Almería; and that is a smart residential work of formal investigation and structural sincerity. Star-Building is an example of how, since the resignation and moderate density, it is possible to construct interesting proposals for housing -oriented towards tourism- on the beachfront. Of course, it deserves to be well known by who nowadays decides to design and build collective architecture. The three project versions will be discussed and described, also explaining how the structure and the traces of the process of building are the genesis and story of this work.La obra del arquitecto almeriense Fernando Cassinello Pérez ha sido escasamente publicada, pero lo cierto es que construyó mucho y bien. Su vida descansa sobre tres pilares: la producción arquitectónica, la actividad académica y la inquietud investigadora. Aquí se expondrá su última obra: las Tres Torres trillizas Star-Building (1975 que construyó frente al Paseo Marítimo de Almería, en el barrio de El Zapillo; y que son un elegante ejercicio residencial de investigación formal y sinceridad estructural. También son un ejemplo de cómo, desde la renuncia y con una densidad moderada, es posible construir interesantes propuestas de viviendas –orientadas al turismo– en la primera línea de playa. Y que, desde luego, merecen ser conocida por quien decida hoy proyectar y construir arquitectura colectiva. Se analizarán y describirán las tres versiones del proyecto; y se explicará cómo la estructura y las huellas del proceso de construcción son la génesis y el argumento de esta obra.

  2. Hookworm infection and anemia in adult women in rural Chiapas, Mexico Anemia e infección por Necator americanus en mujeres en Chiapas, México

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    Paula E. Brentlinger

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe associations between anemia and hookworm (Necator americanus infection in hospitalized women in rural Chiapas, Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the hospital records of 68 anemic women (defined as having a hemoglobin level OBJETIVO: Describir la asociación entre anemia severa e infección con Necator americanus en una población de mujeres hospitalizadas en el estado de Chiapas, México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: En el registro de ingresos del año 1999 de un hospital rural en Altamirano, Chiapas, se identificaron a las pacientes con diagnósticos de egreso de anemia (definida como hemoglobina<10mg/dl y/o parasitosis intestinal. También se revisó el registro de transfusiones para identificar a las mujeres mayores de 14 años de edad que recibieron sangre. La revisión de expedientes y el análisis de datos se llevó a cabo en el año 2000. Las comparaciones de las características de las pacientes se hicieron con la prueba t de Student (para variables continuas y la prueba ji2 (para variables categóricas. La significancia estadística se estableció con un valor de p< 0.01. RESULTADOS: En las mujeres en quienes se realizó examen coproscópico, 50% tuvieron N. americanus. La presencia de N. americanus no excluyó la presencia de otro factor de riesgo para anemia, por ejemplo embarazo o hemorragia. Los niveles de hemoglobina de las mujeres infectadas con N. americanus fueron significativamente más bajos (promedio 4.1 g/dl que los de las demás mujeres anémicas (promedio 7.0 gm/dl, y la prevalencia de N. americanus en mujeres anémicas fue más alta (50.0% que en la población atendida por el hospital (1.9%. CONCLUSIONES: Aunque la prevalencia de infección con N. americanus no se considera alta en la población general mexicana, fue importante en las mujeres anémicas que se sometieron a coproscopía en nuestro estudio. Las mujeres anémicas ameritan coproscopía donde existe N. americanus, y pueden

  3. Bedside ultrasound training at Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Hospital San Carlos in Chiapas, Mexico

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    Teri A. Reynolds

    2016-09-01

    Discussion: Introducing bedside ultrasound training in two distinct resource-limited settings was feasible and well-received. After a brief intensive period of training, participants successfully passed a comprehensive examination, including demonstration of standardised image acquisition and accurate interpretation of normal and abnormal studies.

  4. Vulnerabilidad y riesgo por inundación en San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas

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    Guillermo Montoya Gómez

    2008-01-01

    en las colonias localizadas en los márgenes de los ríos utilizando un modelo digital de elevación y aplicando encuestas. Se determinaron las características de las viviendas, el nivel de ingresos de sus pobladores y los grados de vulnerabilidad y riesgo a que están expuestos.

  5. Microcrédito y pobreza. La experiencia del programa Microempresas Sociales de Banmujer en Chiapas

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    Emma Del Carmen Aguilar-Pinto

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza la experiencia de beneficiarias del programa Microempresas Sociales (MES que opera en Chiapas desde 2001, a partir de los conceptos de pobre (sujeto, pobreza (contexto y empobrecimiento (proceso, propuestos por Vega- Estrada. Los resultados muestran que el papel de los microcréditos en la erradicación de la pobreza se ha sobrevalorado y que, si bien pueden contribuir a revertir el proceso de empobrecimiento, no inciden en el problema estructural de la pobreza. Con esto esperamos contribuir a la discusión en torno a si el microcrédito femenino es una herramienta efectiva de combate a la pobreza.

  6. Desastres, desplazamiento interno y migración laboral en la Sierra de Chiapas

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Velasco, Germán; López Ochoa, María Sonia; Álvarez Gordillo, Guadalupe; Schmook, Birgit

    2016-01-01

    Resumen Derivado de un escenario global de cambio climático, el huracán Stan (2005) impactó severamente a la región Sierra en el estado de Chiapas y devino en el mayor desplazamiento interno de personas de la entidad. Una parte de la población de la región sufrió una repentina pérdida de sus bienes y fue reubicada en lugares circunvecinos en medio de acciones improvisadas por parte de organismos públicos, sin atender los protocolos internacionales en la materia. Para analizar el proceso de re...

  7. Desastres, desplazamiento interno y migración laboral en la Sierra de Chiapas

    OpenAIRE

    Germán MARTÍNEZ-VELASCO; María Sonia LOPEZ-OCHOA; Guadalupe ÁLVAREZ-GORDILLO; Birgit SCHMOOK

    2016-01-01

    Derivado de un escenario global de cambio climático, el huracán Stan (2005) impactó severa - mente a la región Sierra en el estado de Chiapas y devino en el mayor desplazamiento interno de personas de la entidad. Una parte de la población de la región sufrió una repentina pérdida de sus bienes y fue reubicada en lugares circunvecinos en medio de acciones improvisadas por parte de organismos públicos, sin atender los protocolos internacionales en la materia. Para analizar el proceso de reu...

  8. Malnutrition Among Children Younger Than 5 Years-Old in Conflict Zones of Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Pérez, Héctor Javier; Hernán, Miguel A.; Ríos-González, Adriana; Arana-Cedeño, Marcos; Navarro, Albert; Ford, Douglas; Micek, Mark A.; Brentlinger, Paula

    2007-01-01

    We performed a cross-sectional, community-based survey, supplemented by interviews with community leaders in Chiapas, Mexico, to examine the prevalence and predictors of child malnutrition in regions affected by the Zapatista conflict. The prevalence rates of stunting, wasting, and underweight were 54.1%, 2.9%, and 20.3%, respectively, in 2666 children aged younger than 5 years. Stunting was associated with indigenous ethnicity, poverty, region of residence, and intracommunity division. The results indicate that malnutrition is a serious public health problem in the studied regions. PMID:17194868

  9. De la plegaria y de la cocina ritual (Chiapas, México)

    OpenAIRE

    Pujol, Helios Figuerola

    2014-01-01

    Intentaremos mostrar cómo, entre los tzeltales de Cancuc, en los altos de Chiapas, el ch’abajom (rezador) se transforma, durante el tiempo del ritual, en un delicado chef cocinero. Los conocimientos culinarios del ch’abajom se encuentran resumidos en un libro de recetas que, en un sueño premonitorio, un mestizo le entregará para facilitar sus actividades. En ese escrito encontrará los versos con metáforas y figuras retóricas con las que los dioses se alimentan. Para que éstas sean eficaces de...

  10. Los mayas del altiplano: supervivencia indígena en Chiapas y Guatemala

    OpenAIRE

    Lovell, W. George

    2002-01-01

    En el contexto americano, pocos grupos indígenas han demostrado la capacidad de sobrevivir a lo largo de la historia como los mayas del altiplano. Hoy día en Chiapas existen más de un millón de indígenas mayas, un número que asciende a cinco o seis millones en el caso de Guatemala. Los pueblos mayas han respondido a la invasión y a la dominación para conservar elementos importantes de su cultura. Este artículo discute las formas en que los mayas del altiplano se han adaptado para sobrevivir a...

  11. Textiles para turistas: tejedoras y comerciantes en los Altos de Chiapas

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    Eugenia Bayona Escat

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The present work investigates the role played by indigenous women as producers and sellers of textile pieces, considered handworks and indigenous tradition, with high demand in the tourism market in the region to the Highlands of Chiapas, Mexico. The presence of tourism in the area has led to the consolidation of a complex local market of textiles in which intertwine weavers, distributors and traders, commercial chains and multiple retail spaces. Through this female agency and marketing of “indigenous”, the research studied a local context that allows indigenous women take new social positions while it integrates social global goods and imaginary aspects.

  12. LA INDUSTRIA DE LA PALMA DE ACEITE EN ACAPETAHUA, CHIAPAS: EL CASO DE PROPALMA

    OpenAIRE

    Mazariegos Sánchez, Adriana; Ã guila González, José Manuel; Martínez Chávez, Josefina; Arévalo Lozano, Ovidio

    2014-01-01

    This research presents a socio-organizational within the African Palm industry in Mexico, specifically in the company "Promotora de Palma del Soconusco S.A.P.I. CV- (Propalma)5, located in the municipality of Acapetahua, in the State of Chiapas, whose primary activity is the extraction of palm oil and palm kernel oil, and the production of products such as palm kernel and palm kernel husk flour. This research was developed under the qualitative approach, using the descriptive method, to see f...

  13. Characterization of archaeological ceramic from Lagartero, Chiapas, Mexico, by nuclear and conventional techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tenorio, D.; Jimenez R, M.; Monroy G, F.; Romero G, E. T. [ININ, Carretera Mexico-Toluca s/n, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Rivero T, S., E-mail: dolores.tenorio@inin.gob.m [Instituto Nacional de Antropologia e Historia, Lic. Primo Verdad No. 3, 06060 Mexico D. F. (Mexico)

    2010-07-01

    Ceramic pot shards collected at the archaeological Mayan site of Lagartero, Chiapas, Mexico were analyzed by neutron activation analysis and data were statistically studied. The ceramics were of local manufacture and from other sites of the Upper Grijalva Basin and Guatemalan Lowlands and Highlands. X-ray diffraction indicated that quartz, feldspars montmorillonite and calcite are the main components of pastes. Pigments were analyzed by means of scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction, and hematite, pyrolusite, maghemite and calcite were identified. A discussion is presented in the context of the Mayan region. (Author)

  14. Characterization of archaeological ceramic from Lagartero, Chiapas, Mexico, by nuclear and conventional techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tenorio, D.; Jimenez R, M.; Monroy G, F.; Romero G, E. T.; Rivero T, S.

    2010-01-01

    Ceramic pot shards collected at the archaeological Mayan site of Lagartero, Chiapas, Mexico were analyzed by neutron activation analysis and data were statistically studied. The ceramics were of local manufacture and from other sites of the Upper Grijalva Basin and Guatemalan Lowlands and Highlands. X-ray diffraction indicated that quartz, feldspars montmorillonite and calcite are the main components of pastes. Pigments were analyzed by means of scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction, and hematite, pyrolusite, maghemite and calcite were identified. A discussion is presented in the context of the Mayan region. (Author)

  15. Cólera, Iglesia católica y gobierno civil en Chiapas, 1833-1835

    OpenAIRE

    José Javier Guillén Villafuerte

    2017-01-01

    En 1833, la República mexicana padeció el embate de la primera epidemia de cólera morbo de su historia. Este artículo estudia las medidas que adoptaron las autoridades civiles y religiosas de Chiapas para proteger de ese mal a los habitantes de la región. Asimismo, se busca mostrar cómo las diversas problemáticas —de carácter político y financiero en el caso del gobierno y de orden social en el de la Iglesia— que enfrentaban ambas instancias dificultaron su actuación durante el tiempo que la ...

  16. Cólera, Iglesia católica y gobierno civil en Chiapas, 1833-1835

    OpenAIRE

    Guillén Villafuerte, José Javier

    2017-01-01

    Resumen: En 1833, la República mexicana padeció el embate de la primera epidemia de cólera morbo de su historia. Este artículo estudia las medidas que adoptaron las autoridades civiles y religiosas de Chiapas para proteger de ese mal a los habitantes de la región. Asimismo, se busca mostrar cómo las diversas problemáticas-de carácter político y financiero en el caso del gobierno y de orden social en el de la Iglesia-que enfrentaban ambas instancias dificultaron su actuación durante el tiempo ...

  17. Monitoreo de prensa en el proceso estatal electoral de Chiapas 2000

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    Mtra. Juliana Matus López

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Políticamente el año 2000 resultó significativo para los mexicanos que vivimos el proceso electoral más controvertido en la historia de nuestro país. Esta contienda electoral no sólo fue definitiva en la vida nacional, lo fue también para muchas entidades federativas como Chiapas, que, coincidentemente se eligió también a un representante para gobernar al iniciar este nuevo milenio ante un clima de conflictos políticos, sociales y económicos que requieren ser atendidos.

  18. O estatuto da linguagem n’O marinheiro de Fernando Pessoa

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    Maria Helena de Moura Neves

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Oobjetivo do nosso trabalho é refletir sobre o estatuto da linguagem na peça O marinheiro – única peça teatral que Fernando Pessoa publicou em vida –, escrita em 1913 segundo matrizes do teatro oitocentista, nomeadamente segundo o teatro de inspiração simbolista, que considerava a “linguagem verbal”, com a sua potencial musicalidade, como o mais importante componente do espetáculo teatral, mas também segundo a concepção vanguardista que o seu “drama em gente” revela. Algumas considerações de ordem mais puramente lingüística conduzem as reflexões sobre a natureza da linguagem para a relação com as categorias da enunciação e para interpretações inspiradas na relação entre textos.

  19. Nise da Silveira, Fernando Diniz e Leon Hirszman: política, sociedade e arte

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    Walter Melo

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo aborda o processo de construção do filme Imagens do Inconsciente, mais especificamente do episódio Em Busca do Espaço Cotidiano, sobre Fernando Diniz e sua produção pictórica. O encontro entre a psiquiatra Nise da Silveira e o cineasta Leon Hirszman está marcado pela não dissociação de política, sociedade e arte. O trabalho terapêutico e de reabilitação psicossocial desenvolvido por Nise da Silveira tem como característica o estabelecimento de importantes conexões com o campo das artes, possibilitando o diálogo com toda a sociedade. Esse trabalho de transformação cultural e de mentalidades fez com que fosse questionada a exclusão social dos chamados doentes mentais e transformada a política de assistência no campo da saúde mental no Brasil.

  20. De Quito a Burgos: Migraciones y Ciudadanía (Fernando Represa Pérez, Coord.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Peláez Paz

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Un mapa, físico e intelectual, es lo que nos pretende ofrecer Fernando Represa en un viaje imaginario de Quito a Burgos, caminando a través de la compleja y tupida red tejida por los flujos migratorios de nuestro tiempo. En este mapa mental nos quiere señalar varios puntos clave que puedan servir para diseñar una hoja de ruta, un nuevo modo de representación del fenómeno migratorio. El subtítulo del libro, “Migraciones y ciudadanía” es una declaración de intenciones, situando en el horizonte de la titularidad de derechos y deberes, de la participación activa e inclusión en nuestra sociedad de esos “hombres y mujeres, que por muy diversos motivos han abandonado sus hogares para recorrer grandes distancias, físicas o simbólicas", siendo estas últimas en muchas ocasiones más duras e insalvables.

  1. Gastrointestinal parasites in feral cats and rodents from the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Fernando Santana Lima

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Gastrointestinal parasites are important pathogens affecting animals, some of them are of medical and veterinary concern. Although the dynamic of parasitic infections is a complex phenomenon that has been studied under experimental conditions, it shows several gaps in knowledge, especially in insular regions where a confined population of animals and parasites co-exists. In this study was assessed the parasitism by endoparasite gastrointestinal in feral cats (n = 37 and rodents (n = 30 from the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago; in addition, the risk of human infection and ecological implications of these findings were discussed. Out of all samples analysed, 100% scored positive for the presence of gastrointestinal parasites in both feral cats and rodents. A total 17 genera and/or species of endoparasite gastrointestinal were identified, Ancylostoma sp., Strongyloides sp., Trichuris campanula and Toxocara cati were the parasites more frequently in feral cats. In rodents Eimeria sp., Strongyloides sp. and Trichuris muris were parasites more frequently herein detected. Human population living in this area are at risk of parasite infections due to the population of rodents and feral cats in the archipelago.

  2. Geochemistry of the alkaline volcanicsubvolcanic rocks of the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, southern Atlantic Ocean

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    Rosana Peporine Lopes

    Full Text Available The Fernando de Noronha Archipelago presents, on its main island, a centrally-located stratigraphic unit, the Remédios Formation (age around 8 - 12 Ma constituted by basal pyroclastic rocks intruded by dikes, plugs and domes of varied igneous rocks, capped by flows and pyroclastics of mafic to ultramafic rocks of the Quixaba Formation (age around 1 - 3 Ma, which is limited from the underlying unit by an extensive irregular erosion surface. A predominant sodic Remédios series (basanites, tephrites, tephriphonolites, essexite, phonolites can be separated from a moderately potassic Remédios sequence (alkali basalts, trachyandesites, trachytes, both alkaline series showing mostly continuous geochemical trends in variation diagrams for major as well as trace elements, indicating evolution by crystal fractionation (mainly, separation of mafic minerals, including apatites and titanites. There are textural and mineralogical evidences pointing to hybrid origin of some intermediate rocks (e.g., resorbed pyroxene phenocrysts in basaltic trachyandesites, and in some lamprophyres. The primitive Quixaba rocks are mostly melanephelinites and basanites, primitive undersaturated sodic types. Geology (erosion surface, stratigraphy (two distinct units separated by a large time interval, petrography (varied Remédios Formation, more uniform Quixaba unit and geochemistry indicate that the islands represent the activity of a protracted volcanic episode, fueled by intermittent melting of an enriched mantle, not related to asthenospheric plume activity.

  3. Gastrointestinal parasites in feral cats and rodents from the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, Victor Fernando Santana; Ramos, Rafael Antonio Nascimento; Lepold, Raphael; Borges, João Carlos Gomes; Ferreira, Carlos Diógenes; Rinaldi, Laura; Cringoli, Giuseppe; Alves, Leucio Câmara

    2017-01-01

    Gastrointestinal parasites are important pathogens affecting animals, some of them are of medical and veterinary concern. Although the dynamic of parasitic infections is a complex phenomenon that has been studied under experimental conditions, it shows several gaps in knowledge, especially in insular regions where a confined population of animals and parasites co-exists. In this study was assessed the parasitism by endoparasite gastrointestinal in feral cats (n = 37) and rodents (n = 30) from the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago; in addition, the risk of human infection and ecological implications of these findings were discussed. Out of all samples analysed, 100% scored positive for the presence of gastrointestinal parasites in both feral cats and rodents. A total 17 genera and/or species of endoparasite gastrointestinal were identified, Ancylostoma sp., Strongyloides sp., Trichuris campanula and Toxocara cati were the parasites more frequently in feral cats. In rodents Eimeria sp., Strongyloides sp. and Trichuris muris were parasites more frequently herein detected. Human population living in this area are at risk of parasite infections due to the population of rodents and feral cats in the archipelago.

  4. Atypical Toxoplasma gondii genotype in feral cats from the Fernando de Noronha Island, northeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melo, R P B; Almeida, J C; Lima, D C V; Pedrosa, C M; Magalhães, F J R; Alcântara, A M; Barros, L D; Vieira, R F C; Garcia, J L; Mota, R A

    2016-07-15

    Toxoplasma gondii isolates from Brazil have a different phenotypic and genotypic pattern, with predominance of virulent isolates and recombinant genotypes, compared to the North Hemisphere. Considering that a new T. gondii genotype, non-pathogenic to mice, was previously identified from free-range chickens from the Fernando de Noronha Island, Brazil, this study aimed to identify genotypes of this parasite in tissue samples of feral cats (Felis catus) from this Brazilian Island. Anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies were detected in 18/31 (58%) feral cats. Two non-virulent T. gondii isolates were obtained by mouse bioassay. Genotyping was performed by PCR-RFLP using 10 genetic markers (SAG1, SAG2, SAG3, BTUB, GRA6, c22-8, c29-2, PK1, L358 and Apico) and an atypical strain of T. gondii (ToxoDB #146) was identified. This is the first report of this genotype in feral cats. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Levels of Organochlorine Pesticides in Blood Plasma from Residents of Malaria-Endemic Communities in Chiapas, Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruiz-Suarez, L.E.; Castro-Chan, R.A.; Rivero-Perez, N.E.; Trejo-Acevedo, A.; Guillen-Navarro, G.K.; Geissen, V.; Bello-Mendoza, R.

    2014-01-01

    Organochlorine (OC) pesticides have been extensively used for pest control in agriculture and against malaria vectors in the region of Soconusco, Chiapas, in southern Mexico. Our study aimed to identify whether the inhabitants of four Soconusco communities at different locations (i.e., altitudes)

  6. Occurrence of entomopathogenic fungi and parasitic nematodes on Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae collected in Central Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fall armyworm larvae (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) were collected from whorl-stage cornfields, between the V2 and V4 stages, in 22 localities of Central, Chiapas, México, called "La Frailesca" during late June 2009 to determine the occurrence of native entomopathogens and parasitic nema...

  7. LA IMPORTANCIA DEL CUERPO EN LA NOCIÓN DE PERSONA ENTRE MAYAS ACTUALES DE OXCHUC, CHAMULA Y CHENALHÓ, CHIAPAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Tomás Page Pliego

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Suele asumirse que la noción de persona es igual entre los pueblos de tsotsiles y tesltales de los Altos de Chiapas. Sin embargo, su configuración varía sustancialmente, sin perder la base que los une. Este trabajo trata sobre las diferencias y similitudes que se presentan en el concepto denominado complejo persona en tres municipios: Oxchuc —de habla tseltal—, Chamula y Chenalhó —de habla tsotsil—, y en forma destacada sobre la importancia del cuerpo en dicho concepto. Asimismo, se abordan las variaciones que se han suscitado en torno a esa noción a partir de 1940, bajo la incidencia de la escalada proselitista cristiana. THE IMPORTANCE OF THE BODY WITHIN THE COMPLEX OF THE NOTION OF PERSONHOOD AMONG CONTEMPORARY MAYANS FROM OXCHUC, CHAMULA AND CHENALHÓ IN CHIAPAS STATE There is a tendency to assume that the Tsotsil and Tseltal communities in the Chiapas Highlands (Altos de Chiapas share the same notion of personhood. However, the way this notion is constructed does vary substantially without losing a common foundation. This piece of research deals with the similarities and differences present in the concept of personhood complex in three different municipalities: Oxchuc —a tseltal-speaking community—, Chamula and Chenalhó —tsotsil-speaking communities—, and emphasizes the importance of the body in this concept. It also addresses the permutations that have emerged around this notion since 1940, under the escalating influence of Christian proselytism.

  8. Lack of Active Onchocerca volvulus Transmission in the Northern Chiapas Focus of Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Pérez, Mario A.; Unnasch, Thomas R.; Domínguez-Vázquez, Alfredo; Morales-Castro, Alba L.; Richards, Frank; Peña-Flores, Graciela P.; Orozco-Algarra, María Eugenia; Prado-Velasco, Gibert

    2010-01-01

    The northern Chiapas onchocerciasis focus has undergone 11 years of ivermectin mass treatment. No evidence of microfilariae in the cornea and/or anterior chamber of the eye or in skin snips was seen in residents examined in 2006 in two sentinel communities (upper limit of the 95% confidence interval [UL 95% CI] = 0.5% and 0.3%, respectively). In children 10 and under, 0 of 305 were found to harbor antibodies to Ov16, a marker of parasite exposure; 0 of 4,400 Simulium ochraceum s.l. collected in 2005 contained parasite DNA, giving an UL 95% CI for the infective rate of 0.9/2,000, and an UL 95% CI of the seasonal transmission potential of 1.2 L3/person. These data, assumed to be representative of the focus as a whole, suggest that there is no ongoing transmission of Onchocerca volvulus in the northern Chiapas focus. Community-wide treatments with ivermectin were halted in 2008, and a post-treatment surveillance phase was initiated. PMID:20595471

  9. Cynthia J. Najdowski: Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-01

    Presents a short biography of the winner of the American Psychological Association's Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award. The 2012 winner is Cynthia J. Najdowski for an outstanding research paper that examines how jurors' judgments are influenced by a juvenile defendant's confession and status as intellectually disabled. Through the use of a mock trial experiment, the research revealed that jurors discounted a juvenile's coerced confession and sometimes used intellectual disability as a mitigating factor. Attribution theory and the discounting principle were used to identify the psychological mechanisms underlying this effect. The paper, titled 'Understanding Jurors' Judgments in Cases Involving Juvenile Defendants,' was published in Psychology, Public Policy, and Law in October 2011 and was the basis for Najdowski's selection as the recipient of the 2012 Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award. Bette L. Bottoms, PhD, served as faculty supervisor. Najdowski's Award citation and a selected bibliography are also presented. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved.

  10. [The effect of contraception on fertility in the border region of Chiapas, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nazar-Beutelspacher, A; Halperin-Frisch, D; Salvatierra-Izaba, B

    1996-01-01

    To estimate the effect of contraception on fertility in the border region of Chiapas, Mexico. In 1994 an epidemiological cross-sectional study was carried out on a representative sample of 1,560 non-indigenous women between ages 15 and 49 in the border region of Chiapas. The prevalence of contraception practices and the total fertility rates (TFR) were obtained and stratified by rural, intermediate and urban communities. TFR were compared between women who had never used contraceptives and those who had used them. The estimated TFR was 3.67 and varied from 4.14 in rural areas to 3.36 in urban areas. There were no differences in the TFR (3.74 and 3.88) nor in the average live births (3.47 and 3.48) between women who had never used contraceptives and those who had used them. The major effect of contraception on fertility was observed in rural areas. Factors which influence the small impact of contraception on fertility include the late use of these methods and the early age of first union among users.

  11. La televisión educativa en Chiapas, un proyecto para rescatar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mtra. Juliana Matus López

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un panorama nacional y estatal de la televisión educativa con resultados de su evaluación; se presenta el Sistema de Televisión Educativa de Chiapas de la Secretaría de Educación Pública como un proyecto interinstitucional que plantea la participación de las instancias públicas para generar una barra de programación elaborada localmente, que atienda a las demandas de su audiencia. En Chiapas, la televisión como instrumento educativo cumple una función limitada en la divulgación del conocimiento, si bien se implementa una programación de temas generales, no ha logrado vincularse a la problemática del estado. El sistema de televisión local ha permanecido ajeno a la riqueza y tradición cultural del pueblo chiapaneco. Esto se traduce en la falta de una clara política educativa que considere a la televisión como medio de comunicación para alcanzar objetivos pedagógicos. El trabajo invita a la reflexión de los especialistas educadores.

  12. Maternal-fetal transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi, a health problem slightly studied in Mexico: case Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermina Campos-Valdez

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To determine the Trypanosoma cruzi infection prevalence in 1125 pregnant women and the transmission frequency to their children from Tapachula and Palenque, Chiapas. Materials and methods. We determined the prevalence by serology tests and the transmission frequency by polymerase chain reaction (PCR and T. cruzi reactivity capacity after 12 months. Results. Total maternal infection prevalence were 23/1 125 (2.04%, 9/600 (1.5% were from Tapachula and 14/525 (2.6% from Palenque. The seropositive women were between 20 and 35 years old, 31.8% have Premature Rapture of Membrane and 9.1% have history of perinatal death. The total percentage of positive newborns by PCR was 9/23 (39.13%, out of those 2/9 (22.2% are from Tapachula and 7/14 (50% from Palenque. The Maternal Fetal transmission frequency was. 2/9 (22.2% in Tapachula and 1/14 (7.14% in Palenque, all positive infants were asynthomatic. Conclusion. The maternal-fetal transmission rate in Chiapas State is variable; the reason could be the maternal immunological status and T. cruzi strain.

  13. Chemical and isotopic study of thermal springs and gas discharges from Sierra de Chiapas, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nencetti, A; Tassi, F; Vaselli, O [Department of Earth Sciences, Florence (Italy); Macias, J. L [Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, D.F. (Mexico); Magro, G [CNR-Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources, Pisa (Italy); Capaccioni, B [Institute of Volcanology and Geochemistry, Urbino (Italy); Minissale, A [CNR-Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources, Florence (Italy); Mora, J. C [Instituto de Geofisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    2005-01-15

    Thermal water and gas discharges south-east of El Chichon volcano, Mexico are associated mainly with NW-SE oriented fault systems. Spring discharges include i) waters with Na-Cl composition and TDS>3000 mg/L; ii) waters with Ca-SO{sub 4} composition and TDS values between 1400 and 2300 mg/L; iii) waters with Na-Cl composition and TDS of 800 to 2400 mg/L and sulphate content up to 650 mg/L and iv) waters with Ca-HCO{sub 3} composition and low salinity (TDS <250mg/L). Most of these waters are associated with free-gas discharges of N{sub 2} (up to 93 % by vol.), CO{sub 2} (2.4 to 31.2 % by vol.) and Ar (up to 1.25 % by vol.) with a predominant meteoric origin. H{sub 2}S is present only in gas samplers collected at El Azufre (up to 1.1 % by vol.). The {delta}13C CO{sub 2} values are always below -9.7% (PDB) and suggest a partially biogenic origin for CO{sub 2}. Chemical and isotopic features of spring discharges indicate that fluid circulation in the Sierra de Chiapas is mainly regulated by meteoric waters that tend to infiltrate the upper and middle-Cretaceous carbonate units up to the lower Cretaceous-upper Jurassic evaporitic formations (by Lopez-Ramos, 1982). The latter provide the main source of the species in solution. No evidence for high-to-medium enthalpy systems at depth beneath the Sierra de Chiapas has been found. [Spanish] La Sierra de Chiapas localizada en el Sureste de Mexico, se caracteriza por la presencia de descargas de gas y agua. La mayoria de los manantiales termales se asocian a rocas volcanicas Terciarias a lo largo de fallas regionales con orientacion NOSE. Las descargas termales se dividen en cuatro grupos: i) aguas con composicion Na-Cl y Solidos Disueltos Totales (SDT) >3000 mg/L; ii) aguas con composicion Ca-SO{sub 4} y valores de SDT entre 1400 y 2300 mg/L; iii) aguas con composicion Na-Cl, bajos contenidos de SDT (800 2400 mg/L) y un contenido de sulfato alto (hasta 650 mg/L) y iv) aguas con una composicion Ca-HCO{sub 3} y salinidad baja

  14. Interdisciplinary paleovegetation study in the Fernando de Noronha Island (Pernambuco State, northeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz C.R. Pessenda

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to reconstruct vegetation changes (with climate inferences that occurred during the Holocene in the Fernando de Noronha Island, Pernambuco State, northeastern Brazil. The research approach included the use of geochemical (mineralogy, elemental, carbon isotopes (δ13C, 14C and pollen analyses in soil organic matter (SOM and sediments collected in Lagoa da Viração and Manguezal do Sueste. The carbon isotopes data of SOM indicated that there was no significant vegetation changes during the last 7400 BP, suggesting that the climate was not the determinant factor for the vegetation dynamics. The pollen analysis of the sediment of a core collected in the Lagoa da Viração showed the absence of Quaternary material in the period between 720 BP and 90 BP. The mineralogical analysis of deeper layer showed the presence of diopside indicating this material was developed "in situ". Only in the shallow part of the core were found pollen of similar plant species of the modern vegetation. The geochemistry and isotope results, in association with the sediment type and pollen analyses of sediment samples of Manguezal do Sueste, indicated variations in the vegetation and in its location since the middle Holocene. Such variations can be associated with climatic events and sea level oscillations and also with anthropogenic events considering the last five hundred years.Esta pesquisa teve o objetivo de reconstruir trocas de vegetação (com referências climáticas que ocorreram durante o Holoceno na ilha de Fernando de Noronha, Estado de Pernambuco, nordeste do Brasil. Para o desenvolvimento da pesquisa utilizou-se de análises geoquímicas (minerais, elementar, isótopos do carbono (δ13C, 14C e análises polínicas em solos e sedimentos coletados na Lagoa da Viração e no manguezal do Sueste. Os isótopos do carbono dos solos indicaram que não houve trocas significativas de vegetação durante os últimos 7400 anos AP, sugerindo

  15. The artists' materials of Fernando Melani: A precursor of the Poor Art artistic movement in Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlesi, Serena; Bartolozzi, Giovanni; Cucci, Costanza; Marchiafava, Veronica; Picollo, Marcello

    2013-03-01

    A comprehensive understanding of both the chemical composition and physical behaviour of modern materials is an important consideration in devising correct conservation treatments for contemporary artworks. To this end, national and international research projects and networks have been established that deal mainly with the preservation, conservation, and understanding of materials used by contemporary artists. This paper focuses on the self-taught artist Fernando Melani (1907-1985), one of the precursors of the Poor Art artistic movement in Italy, and for the first time provides a scientific viewpoint on the artist's materials and works. The analyses, which mainly focus on the pigments/dyes found in his home-studio, were carried out primarily by using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) and ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared Fibre Optic Reflectance Spectroscopy (UV-Vis-NIR FORS). This paper emphasises the performance of FT-IR and FORS in the identification of contemporary artistic materials, since these two techniques have been found to produce highly complementary data. The use of both of these was required in order to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the composition of Melani's materials. Furthermore, one of his artworks, named by Melani himself with its inventory number N. Inv. 2625 (1981), was investigated in situ with the sole use of the FORS technique. The results showed that Melani used traditional inorganic pigments as well as modern organic dyes. Calcite and barite were used as fillers and extenders. Sulphur and abrasive powder were also found, thus confirming his use of a large variety of non-conventional artists' materials.

  16. La Diplomacia Española y la Papal en la Corte Imperial de Fernando II

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    Pavel MAREK

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El presente trabajo aborda el estudio de las facciones cortesanas y los grupos de poder en la época del emperador Fernando II de Habsburgo, describiendo la influencia de España y de la Santa Sede en la creación de diferentes grupos de poder y corrientes políticas en la corte vienesa y praguense. El estudio utiliza como fuente principal las relaciones que enviaban los embajadores españoles y los nuncios papales, gracias a las cuales es posible averiguar las actitudes que ambas potencias católicas tomaban con respecto a los acontecimientos que sucedían en la Europa Central durante el primer tercio del siglo XVII, e identificar los grupos de personas que les ayudaban a realizar sus fines políticos en el periodo convulso del comienzo de la Guerra de los Treinta Años.ABSTRACT: The present study undertakes the revision of the court factions and power elites at the time of the emperor Ferndinand the II of Hapsburg, describing the influence of Spain and the Holy See in the creation of different faction and political groups in Vienna and Praghe Courts. The study uses like main source the relations that the Spanish ambassadors and the papal nuncios sent, thanks to which it is possible to find out the attitudes that both catholic powers took with respect to the events who happened in Central Europe during the first third of century XVII, and to identify the groups of people who helped them to make their political aims in the beginning of the Thirty Years War.

  17. "Arquitecturas del devenir" Aproximaciones a la performatividad del espacio; comentarios al libro de Fernando Quesada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Martínez Capdevila

    2016-05-01

    mano de una agenda oculta, o por lo menos no explícita: La voluntad de recuperar la dimensión emancipadora y política de la arquitectura y la  necesidad, urgente, de formular nuevas utopías provisionales,  contingentes, lúdicas, y a ser posible, abiertas. Abstract The book Arquitecturas del devenir is a compilation of texts by Fernando Quesada that share two explicit goals. The first one is to put forward the  concepts of becoming and, more specifically, performativity, as possible tools to rethink architecture’s capabilities for the determination of life and the transformation of reality. The second one is to incorporate a series of discourses, external to architecture, in order to "sharpen its capacities." A  commitment to disciplinary openness that leads Quesada to incorporate a rich repertoire of ideas and characters, often rarely visited, and which allows him to address a wide rang of architectural themes from new and enriching perspectives. There are two additional issues that add interest and  consistency to this intense anthology. On the one hand, a general spirit  that could be defined as presocratic and involves the valuation of  indeterminacy, contingency and the intermediate and impure categories. Performativity is thus extended to the very form of the discourse through a series of texts whose ultimate sense remains, somehow, suspended and open, pending on the subjectivity of the reader. On the other hand, a clear antagonism toward the biopolitical techniques, the processes meant to   design our subjectivities, and the world folded upon itself by globalized  capitalism. A resistant attitude that involves a hidden, or at least not  explicit, agenda: the will to regain the emancipatory and political  dimension of architecture and the urgent need to formulate new utopias. Utopias meant to be provisional, contingent, playful and, if possible, open.

  18. The artists' materials of Fernando Melani: a precursor of the Poor Art artistic movement in Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlesi, Serena; Bartolozzi, Giovanni; Cucci, Costanza; Marchiafava, Veronica; Picollo, Marcello

    2013-03-01

    A comprehensive understanding of both the chemical composition and physical behaviour of modern materials is an important consideration in devising correct conservation treatments for contemporary artworks. To this end, national and international research projects and networks have been established that deal mainly with the preservation, conservation, and understanding of materials used by contemporary artists. This paper focuses on the self-taught artist Fernando Melani (1907-1985), one of the precursors of the Poor Art artistic movement in Italy, and for the first time provides a scientific viewpoint on the artist's materials and works. The analyses, which mainly focus on the pigments/dyes found in his home-studio, were carried out primarily by using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) and ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared Fibre Optic Reflectance Spectroscopy (UV-Vis-NIR FORS). This paper emphasises the performance of FT-IR and FORS in the identification of contemporary artistic materials, since these two techniques have been found to produce highly complementary data. The use of both of these was required in order to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the composition of Melani's materials. Furthermore, one of his artworks, named by Melani himself with its inventory number N. Inv. 2625 (1981), was investigated in situ with the sole use of the FORS technique. The results showed that Melani used traditional inorganic pigments as well as modern organic dyes. Calcite and barite were used as fillers and extenders. Sulphur and abrasive powder were also found, thus confirming his use of a large variety of non-conventional artists' materials. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Fernando Pessoa e a invasão da Abissínia pela Itália fascista Fernando Pessoa and the invasion of Abyssinia by fascist Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Barreto

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Pouco antes da sua morte (30 de Novembro de 1935, Fernando Pessoa escreveu dois artigos sobre a invasão da Etiópia pela Itália fascista que a censura de Salazar não deixou passar. Esses escritos ajudam a esclarecer as ideias políticas do escritor na fase final da sua vida, nomeadamente sobre o fascismo e o colonialismo. A posição de Pessoa é vista no contexto das reacções portuguesas ao conflito da Etiópia.Shortly before his death (November 30, 1935, Fernando Pessoa wrote two articles on the Italian invasion of Ethiopia that the censorship of the Salazar regime would not let pass. These writings help to illuminate the political ideas of the great Portuguese writer in his later years, including on such topics as fascism and colonialism. Pessoa’s position is seen in the context of the Portuguese reactions to the Ethiopian conflict.

  20. San Francisco Accelerator Conference

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Southworth, Brian

    1991-01-01

    'Where are today's challenges in accelerator physics?' was the theme of the open session at the San Francisco meeting, the largest ever gathering of accelerator physicists and engineers

  1. Sobre o ódio ao professor Entrevista com Fernando Penna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Penna

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Ao tomar a decisão de pautar o tema da violência para compor o dossiê do terceiro número de Movimento – revista eletrônica de educação da Universidade Federal Fluminense –, o Conselho Editorial elencou um grande número de facetas da violência que historicamente se manifestam física e presencialmente no interior e fora do espaço escolar. O fenômeno relativamente recente das redes sociais e o vertiginoso processo de crescimento de trocas de informação, interação e mediação virtual a ele agregado, não apenas ampliou o espectro da violência como contribuiu decisivamente para articular o dentro e o fora da escola. Dentre outros exemplos, talvez o mais comum e antigo é o registro de cenas reais de alunos e alunas brigando nos pátios escolares ou nas redondezas da instituição postadas nas redes sociais, muitas delas viralizadas – para usar o barbarismoda ocasião – por um número sempre crescente de adeptos do bullying escolar. Nos últimos cinco anos, nas redes sociais, o exemplo de articulação da violência dentro-fora da escola que mais chama a atenção é o ódio ao professor, conforme observa o professor Fernando Penna na entrevista que publicamos a seguir. Estudioso da manifestação reivindicatória por uma escola sem ideologia trazida nos últimos anos por setores conservadores e reacionários da sociedade brasileira, Penna busca oferecer na entrevista algumas hipóteses para compreendermos o fenômeno do ódio ao professor, bem como algumas pistas para apreendermos os fundamentos que movem aqueles setores no combate ao que denominam de doutrinação ideológica de esquerda, e, concluindo, observa a urgência da resistência ao assédio moral feito dos conservadores ereacionários, chamando a atenção para a importância da ampliação do conhecimento crítico sobre o tema.

  2. WILDLIFE USE BY RURAL COMMUNITIES IN THE CATAZAJÁ - LA LIBERTAD WETLANDS, CHIAPAS, MÉXICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasminda García-Del Valle

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The use of wild vertebrates was analyzed for rural communities in Catazajá and La Libertad municipalities, Chiapas state. From interviews (n=190 and two workshops (January 2007-December 2008 applied to four communities (Playas, Punta Arena, Morelos and La Libertad, species, uses, sites and hunting seasons were recorder. A total of 24 species were recognized by local people as resources for food, sale, pet, craft and traditional medicine. Jicotea tortoise (Trachemys scripta, nine banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcintus, Morelet´s crocodile (Crocodylus moreletti, green iguana (Iguana iguana and white front parrot (Amazona albifrons were recognized as species with high use value. We analyzed the problematic and the communities propose some strategies that would favor the population increment and the diversity maintenance of wildlife in this region.

  3. Desigualdad de género y muerte de niños en Ocotepec, Chiapas

    OpenAIRE

    Cortez Gómez, Renata Gabriela

    2017-01-01

    Resumen: El objetivo de este artículo es analizar cómo la desigualdad de género afecta las trayectorias de atención de niños menores de cinco años que fallecieron por causas prevenibles en el periodo 2005-2010 en Ocotepec, Chiapas. Se emplea un enfoque de género constructivista-relacional para demostrar que la atención médica de los niños está mediada por los acuerdos y desacuerdos entre el padre, la madre y la familia extensa, situación que se torna más problemática cuando las mujeres sufren...

  4. Símbolos geométricos en la cerámica de Izapa, Chiapas

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    Alla Kolpakova

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available El artículo aborda el conjunto de símbolos geométricos (puntos, líneas, triángulos, círculos, etcétera elaborados sobre la cerámica proveniente del sitio arqueológico de Izapa, Chiapas. Dichos símbolos tienen una importancia especial para el entendimiento de la historia de los orígenes de la civilización en el sureste de Mesoamérica. El propósito final es dilucidar, con auxilio de diversas fuentes comparativas, los posibles significados “básicos” que los antiguos alfareros de Izapa otorgaban a los símbolos que imprimían en su cerámica.

  5. A Socio-Cultural Diagnosis of Adolescent Diets in Comitán, Chiapas

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    Claudia Elizabeth Ramírez Domínguez

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available This study, based on group interviews with adolescents (pre-university level students from various educational institutions and socio-cultural backgrounds in Comitán, Chiapas (Mexico, was undertaken to identify the settings for the dietary practices of young people. Using a multi-dimensional analysis, we found that the predominant paradigm in public health, based on concepts such as risk factors and lifestyle, tends to obscure the complexity of social processes and to place responsibility for health on each individual. The dietary practices of adolescents are determined by the dynamics established in school and family environments and occur in a context of time pressures as well as the poor provision and choice of foods. We noted a discrepancy between knowledge on the one hand and dietary practices, weight control and perceived risks or expectations concerning body image on the other.

  6. Ts’umbal activo en las transformaciones rurales de Oxchuc, Chiapas

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    Abraham Sántiz Gómez

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se discute y reflexiona sobre las transformaciones rurales, a partir de los sujetos y actores sociales, desde el término ts’umbal, que se vincula con el grupo doméstico patrilineal. Se basa en revisión documental, teórica y empírica, y se contextualiza en la sociedad tseltal de Oxchuc, Chiapas. Se realizó una reflexión crítica sobre la racionalidad instrumental del conocimiento científico, y la conclusión se abocó a la diversidad de racionalidades de la vida rural en constantes trasformaciones y a la relación entre ellas.

  7. Desigualdad de género y muerte de niños en Ocotepec, Chiapas

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    Renata Gabriela Cortez Gómez

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es analizar cómo la desigualdad de género afecta las trayectorias de atención de niños menores de cinco años que fallecieron por causas prevenibles en el periodo 2005-2010 en Ocotepec, Chiapas. Se emplea un enfoque de género constructivista-relacional para demostrar que la atención médica de los niños está mediada por los acuerdos y desacuerdos entre el padre, la madre y la familia extensa, siendo más problemática cuando las mujeres sufren violencia de género.

  8. Seroprevalence of human Trypanosoma cruzi infection in diferent geografic zones of Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazariego-Arana, M A; Monteón, V M; Ballinas-Verdugo, M A; Hernández-Becerril, N; Alejandre-Aguilar, R; Reyes, P A

    2001-01-01

    A serologic survey was carried out in four different geographic zones of Chiapas, Mexico. A total of 1,333 samples were collected from residents of thirteen communities located on the Coast, Central Mountain, Lacandon Forest and a zone called Mesochiapas. One hundred and fifty one seropositive individuals (11.3%) were identified. Human Trypanosoma cruzi infection was influenced by geography. In the Lacandon Forest and Central Mountains there was a higher seroprevalence 32.1 and 13.8% respectively, than on the coast (1.2%). In Mesochiapas there were no seropositive individuals among the 137 persons tested. An active transmission is probably continuing because seropositive cases (13.8%) were detected in children under 10 years of age. The vector recognized on the Coast was Triatoma dimidiata while in the Lacandon Forest it was Rhodnius prolixus.

  9. Textiles para turistas: tejedoras y comerciantes en los Altos de Chiapas

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    Eugenia Bayona Escat

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo indaga en el papel que ocupan las mujeres indígenas como productoras y vendedoras de piezas textiles, consideradas artesanales y de tradición indígena, con alta demanda en el mercado turístico de la región de los Altos de Chiapas, México. La presencia del turismo en la zona ha provocado la consolidación de un complejo mercado local de textiles en el que se entrelazan tejedoras, distribuidoras y comerciantes, cadenas mercantiles y múltiples espacios de venta. A través de este protagonismo femenino y de la comercialización de lo “indígena”, el trabajo indaga en un contexto local que permite a las mujeres indígenas tomar nuevas posiciones sociales a la vez que integra aspectos globales sobre mercancías e imaginarios sociales.

  10. Insurgencia y turismo: reflexiones sobre el impacto del turista politizado en Chiapas

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    Coronado, Gabriela

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the interrelations between politics and tourism considering the impact of political instability generated by the Zapatista indigenous rebellion on tourism in Chiapas, Mexico. By analysing tourist products and fieldwork observations the transformation of the tourist industry is explained as an effect of pressures from a new kind of visitor, “political tourists”. Attracted by the indigenous movement and its relevance as a global social movement, their political and ideological position created demands that affected interethnic organisational networks and the social value of tourism activity. As a response indigenous and non indigenous tourist agents generated new strategies for economic recovery, including changes in the organisational networks and marketing symbols and ideologies as “commodities”.

  11. Vulnerabilidad suicida en localidades rurales de Chiapas: una aproximación etnográfica

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    Gracia Imberton Deneke

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se examina la dimensión social de la muerte autoinflingida en las localidades Río Grande y Cantioc del estado de Chiapas, México, y propongo una aproximación etnográfica para su análisis. Consciente de las dificultades metodológicas que entraña la construcción tanto de los datos empíricos del suicidio como de sus explicaciones causales, planteo que un acercamiento al contexto histórico del espacio social en cuestión y a las condiciones de vida actuales de la población permite derivar algunas correlaciones entre posiciones sociales, tensiones y conflictos, y vulnerabilidad suicida.

  12. Vulnerabilidad suicida en localidades rurales de Chiapas: una aproximación etnográfica

    OpenAIRE

    Gracia Imberton Deneke

    2014-01-01

    En este artículo se examina la dimensión social de la muerte autoinflingida en las localidades Río Grande y Cantioc del estado de Chiapas, México, y propongo una aproximación etnográfica para su análisis. Consciente de las dificultades metodológicas que entraña la construcción tanto de los datos empíricos del suicidio como de sus explicaciones causales, planteo que un acercamiento al contexto histórico del espacio social en cuestión y a las condiciones de vida actuales de la población permite...

  13. Biofertilización de café orgánico en etapa de vivero en Chiapas, México Biofertilizer of organic coffee in stage of seedlings in Chiapas, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    María de Lourdes Adriano Anaya; Ramón Jarquín Gálvez; Carlos Hernández Ramos; Miguel Salvador Figueroa; Clara Teresa Monreal Vargas

    2011-01-01

    En Chiapas, la producción de plántulas de café, se realiza convencionalmente con la aplicación de fertilizantes químicos. La producción de café orgánico, requiere la nutrición de plántulas con biofertilizantes y por ello el objetivo fue evaluar el efecto de algunos de éstos en el desarrollo de plántulas de café (Coffe arábica) variedad Bourbon en vivero. El experimento se realizó durante 2007 y 2008 en Cacahohatan,Chiapas. Los inoculantes fueron una cepa Glomus intraradices Schenck y Smith, c...

  14. A PERCEPÇÃO DOS VISITANTES DE FERNANDO DE NORONHA (PE: Estudo de Caso do Projeto TAMAR

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    Alvarez Ricardo Javier Hurtado

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Em 1984 o Projeto TAMAR criou uma base em Fernando de Noronha, arquipélago com grande fluxo turístico, onde realiza atividades de conservação, pesquisa científica e educação ambiental em função da preservação das espécies de tartarugas marinhas que ocorrem no Brasil. No Centro de Visitantes do Projeto TAMAR em Fernando de Noronha há um Livro de Sugestões/Reclamações, onde os visitantes podem deixar a sua opinião sobre aspectos gerais da ilha. O objetivo foi verificar, nos 96 comentários deixados em 2016 no Livro de Sugestões/Reclamações, a percepção do visitante e o que pode ser melhorado no Arquipélago, além de classificar os comentários, de forma que possam ser direcionados para as devidas instituições. Como resultados observou-se que podem ser melhorados aspectos referentes à infraestrutura, às prestações de serviços e ao turismo sustentável.

  15. Generation of domestic waste electrical and electronic equipment on Fernando de Noronha Island: qualitative and quantitative aspects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araujo, Dhiego Raphael Rodrigues; de Oliveira, José Diego; Selva, Vanice Fragoso; Silva, Maisa Mendonça; Santos, Simone Machado

    2017-08-01

    The accelerated growth trajectory of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) is a matter of concern for governments worldwide. In developing countries, the problem is more complex because municipal waste management is still a challenge for municipalities. Fernando de Noronha Island, an environmentally protected area, has a transfer station for solid waste before it is sent to the final destination abroad, which is different waste management model to most urban areas. In order to check the specifics of management of WEEE, this study aimed to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate the generation of this type of waste on the main island of Fernando de Noronha, taking into consideration aspects related to consumption habits and handling of waste. During the in situ research, a questionnaire was applied to a sample of 83 households. The results provide a picture of the generation of WEEE for a period of 1 year, when a production of 1.3 tons of WEEE was estimated. Relationships between education level and monthly income and between education level and number of plasma/LCD TVs and washing machines were confirmed. Another important result is that only two socioeconomic variables (monthly income and education level) are related to two recycling behavior variables. In addition, the population and government treat WEEE as ordinary waste, ignoring its contaminant potential. Despite the existence of relevant legislation concerning the treatment and disposal of WEEE, additional efforts will be required by the government in order to properly manage this type of waste on the island.

  16. Interruption of transmission of Onchocerca volvulus in the Southern Chiapas Focus, México.

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    Mario A Rodríguez-Pérez

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The Southern Chiapas focus of onchocerciasis in Southern Mexico represents one of the major onchocerciasis foci in Latin America. All 559 endemic communities of this focus have undergone semi-annual mass treatment with ivermectin since 1998. In 50 communities of this focus, ivermectin frequency shifted from twice to four times a year in 2003; an additional 113 communities were added to the quarterly treatment regimen in 2009 to achieve a rapid suppression of transmission. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In-depth epidemiologic and entomologic assessments were performed in six sentinel communities (which had undergone 2 rounds of ivermectin treatment per year and three extra-sentinel communities (which had undergone 4 rounds of ivermectin treatment per year. None of the 67,924 Simulium ochraceum s.l. collected from this focus during the dry season of 2011 were found to contain parasite DNA when tested by polymerase chain reaction-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (PCR-ELISA, resulting in an upper bound of the 95% confidence interval (95%-ULCI of the infective rate in the vectors of 0.06/2,000 flies examined. Serological assays testing for Onchocerca volvulus exposure conducted on 4,230 children 5 years of age and under (of a total population of 10,280 in this age group revealed that 2/4,230 individuals were exposed to O. volvulus (0.05%; one sided 95% confidence interval = 0.08%. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The in-depth epidemiological and entomological findings from the Southern Chiapas focus meet the criteria for interruption of transmission developed by the international community.

  17. Paleomagnetism of the Todos Santos Formation in the Maya Block, Chiapas, Mexico: Preliminary Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godinez-Urban, A.; Molina-Garza, R. S.; Iriondo, A.; Geissman, J. W.

    2008-12-01

    Preliminary results of a paleomagnetic study on jurassic volcanic rocks (U-Pb 188.8 +/- 3.2Ma) locally interbedded with red beds assigned to the Todos Santos Formation, sampled in the Homoclinal Tectonic Province of the Neogene Fold Belt, Chiapas-Mexico, reveal multi component magnetizations acquired during pre- and post- folding of these rocks. The samples responded well to thermal demagnetization, but not so to AF demagnetization, suggesting that a high coercivity mineral phase like hematite is the main remanence carrier. The post-folding B-component direction of Dec=174.3 Inc=-30.6 (k=46; alpha95=13.6; N=4) represents a recent Tertiary? overprint; while the pre-folding C-component direction of Dec=329.9 Inc=7.8 (k=12.5; alpha95=16.3; N=8) is in agreement with a previously reported small data set for the Todos Santos Formation. When compared to the North American reference direction (Jurassic Kayenta Formation) the observed direction indicates a counterclockwise rotation of 35.9 +/- 16.6 degrees, and moderate north to south latitudinal displacement. If a reference pole from NE North America is used, the amount of counterclockwise rotation and latitudinal displacement are both slightly reduced. If the assumption that Jurassic strata in Chiapas reflect displacement of the Maya Block, then these data are consistent with reconstructions of the Maya Block in the Gulf of Mexico region. Other sites sampled in Jurassic strata suggest that in addition to the interpreted regional rotation, local (vertical-axis) rotations may have affected the region in more recent times.

  18. Interruption of Transmission of Onchocerca volvulus in the Southern Chiapas Focus, México

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Pérez, Mario A.; Domínguez-Vázquez, Alfredo; Unnasch, Thomas R.; Hassan, Hassan K.; Arredondo-Jiménez, Juan I.; Orozco-Algarra, María Eugenia; Rodríguez-Morales, Kristel B.; Rodríguez-Luna, Isabel C.; Prado-Velasco, Francisco Gibert

    2013-01-01

    Background The Southern Chiapas focus of onchocerciasis in Southern Mexico represents one of the major onchocerciasis foci in Latin America. All 559 endemic communities of this focus have undergone semi-annual mass treatment with ivermectin since 1998. In 50 communities of this focus, ivermectin frequency shifted from twice to four times a year in 2003; an additional 113 communities were added to the quarterly treatment regimen in 2009 to achieve a rapid suppression of transmission. Methodology/Principal findings In-depth epidemiologic and entomologic assessments were performed in six sentinel communities (which had undergone 2 rounds of ivermectin treatment per year) and three extra-sentinel communities (which had undergone 4 rounds of ivermectin treatment per year). None of the 67,924 Simulium ochraceum s.l. collected from this focus during the dry season of 2011 were found to contain parasite DNA when tested by polymerase chain reaction-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (PCR-ELISA), resulting in an upper bound of the 95% confidence interval (95%-ULCI) of the infective rate in the vectors of 0.06/2,000 flies examined. Serological assays testing for Onchocerca volvulus exposure conducted on 4,230 children 5 years of age and under (of a total population of 10,280 in this age group) revealed that 2/4,230 individuals were exposed to O. volvulus (0.05%; one sided 95% confidence interval = 0.08%). Conclusions/Significance The in-depth epidemiological and entomological findings from the Southern Chiapas focus meet the criteria for interruption of transmission developed by the international community. PMID:23556018

  19. Mortalidad infantil y migración en Chiapas, México

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    Olga Lidia Lópes-Gonzáles

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar, en términos causales, la relación entre mortalidad infantil y migración en cuatro zonas socioeconómicas de la región Soconusco en Chiapas, México. El análisis de este estudio se basó en los resultados de una encuesta socio demográfica y de salud con base poblacional (probabilística que se llevó a cabo en el Soconusco, Chiapas en 1996-97. Se contrastan zonas con distinta condición socioeconómica, cultural y productiva. Se realizó análisis de regresión lineal y logística para identificar el efecto de la migración y la mortalidad infantil, así como de la migración y la zona geográfica sobre la tasa de mortalidad infantil. Los datos muestran que aunque más del 70% de la varianza de la mortalidad infantil se explica por la migración, no existe evidencia de una relación causal concluyente. La relación identificada entre mortalidad infantil, migración y zonas geográficas orientan a una explicación alternativa. Planteamos la hipótesis de que en la región estudiada, la magnitud y características de la emigración, así como de las tasas de mortalidad infantil, son consecuencia de las condiciones de vulnerabilidad económica y social de las poblaciones.

  20. Mortalidad infantil y migración en Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Lidia Lópes-Gonzáles

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar, en términos causales, la relación entre mortalidad infantil y migración en cuatro zonas socioeconómicas de la región Soconusco en Chiapas, México. El análisis de este estudio se basó en los resultados de una encuesta socio demográfica y de salud con base poblacional (probabilística que se llevó a cabo en el Soconusco, Chiapas en 1996-97. Se contrastan zonas con distinta condición socioeconómica, cultural y productiva. Se realizó análisis de regresión lineal y logística para identificar el efecto de la migración y la mortalidad infantil, así como de la migración y la zona geográfica sobre la tasa de mortalidad infantil. Los datos muestran que aunque más del 70% de la varianza de la mortalidad infantil se explica por la migración, no existe evidencia de una relación causal concluyente. La relación identificada entre mortalidad infantil, migración y zonas geográficas orientan a una explicación alternativa. Planteamos la hipótesis de que en la región estudiada, la magnitud y características de la emigración, así como de las tasas de mortalidad infantil, son consecuencia de las condiciones de vulnerabilidad económica y social de las poblaciones.

  1. El estado mexicano de Chiapas: ¿Qué ha cambiado en veinte años?

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    Agustín Ávila Romero

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente texto se hace un recorrido sobre las causas económicas y sociales que posibilitaron la rebelión zapatista hace veinte años, para mostrar que este hecho ocasionó la llegada creciente de recursos económicos al estado de Chiapas y exponer, a su vez, como se utilizaron los dineros por parte de los municipios oficiales y el Gobierno del estado. Se concluye que las finanzas públicas de Chiapas son sumamente débiles y que pese a la creciente inyección de capital que ha recibido, el estado se encuentra sobre endeudado y en condiciones de marginación y pobreza similares a las de hace dos décadas.

  2. Análisis de convergencia económica en el interior de Chiapas: municipios, regiones e inconsistencias aparentes

    OpenAIRE

    López Arévalo, Jorge Alberto; Peláez Herreros, Óscar

    2012-01-01

    The data of annual per capita income estimated by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for the municipal human development index in Mexico shows that, in Chiapas, during the period 2000-2005, there was a strong convergence at the municipal level while there was no regional convergence. To explain this apparent inconsistency, the article «Regression towards mediocrity in hereditary stature», published by Galton in 1886, is examined, concluding that the clustering level of the data (...

  3. Mass rearing of the Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens, at the Fruit Flies Biofactory in Metapa de Dominguez, Chiapas, Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zavala Lopez, J.L.; Dominguez G, J.; Gomez S, Y.; Moreno, P.

    1999-01-01

    A description of the present methods for mass rearing Anastrepha ludens, known as the Mexican fruit fly, at the Fruit Flies Biofactory in Metapa de Dominguez, Chiapas, is given. Important contributions and improvements are described for the rearing stages, e.g. egg production and incubation, larvae diets, lab conditions for the development of larvae and pupae, larvae and pupae handling and environmental control. (author)

  4. Levels of Organochlorine Pesticides in Blood Plasma from Residents of Malaria-Endemic Communities in Chiapas, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz-Suárez, Luz E.; Castro-Chan, Ricardo A.; Rivero-Pérez, Norma E.; Trejo-Acevedo, Antonio; Guillén-Navarro, Griselda K.; Geissen, Violette; Bello-Mendoza, Ricardo

    2014-01-01

    Organochlorine (OC) pesticides have been extensively used for pest control in agriculture and against malaria vectors in the region of Soconusco, Chiapas, in southern Mexico. Our study aimed to identify whether the inhabitants of four Soconusco communities at different locations (i.e., altitudes) and with different history of use of OC pesticides, have been similarly exposed to residues of these pesticides. In particular, we analyzed the potential relationship between levels of OC pesticides ...

  5. O Ciborgue Zapatista: tecendo a poética virtual de resistência no Chiapas cibernético

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ABDEL-MONEIM SARAH GRUSSING

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A circulação global, entre 1994 e 2001, do neo-zapatismo e do ativismo solidário não-indígena como símbolos de resistência no ciber-espaço sugere a necessidade de novas formas de leitura dos movimentos sociais na era digital. Uma leitura feminista do binarismo local/global do espaço discursivo em torno da rebelião maia em Chiapas tanto afirma quanto contesta teorias predominantes pós-modernas sobre a relação entre corpo humano e tecnologias cibernéticas. Esse espaço híbrido transgride e confirma fronteiras entre ator/atriz e audiência, escritor/a e leitor/a, humano e máquina. A relação entre o teatro da resistência material na Zona de Conflito e o crescimento da resistência virtual no Ciber-Chiapas ilustra a natureza ciborgue material/tecnológica da rebelião de Chiapas.

  6. Evaluación de líneas de frijol negro, en Veracruz y Chiapas, México

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    Ernesto Lopez

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Evaluación de líneas de frijol negro, en Veracruz y Chiapas, México. El presente estudio se llevó a cabo durante los ciclos agrícolas de 1999-2000 y 2000-2001; se evaluó la adaptación y rendimiento de 15 líneas avanzadas de frijol negro, así como un testigo local. Dichos genotipos forman parte al Ensayo Centroamericano de Adaptación y Rendimiento (ECAR. La evaluación se realizó en 11 localidades, cinco en el estado de Chiapas y seis en Veracruz, los experimentos se establecieron bajo condiciones de riego, temporal y humedad residual. Las líneas ICTA-Ju 97-1, ICTA-Ju II- 307, DOR-678 y Cut-45, resultaron sobresalientes por su rendimiento, amplia adaptación y estabilidad. En el ciclo agrícola de otoño-invierno 1999-2000, se evaluó la respuesta de las líneas a las siguientes enfermedades: mosaico dorado (BGMV, mancha angular (Phaseoisariopsis griseola, roya (Uromyces appendiculatus y la antracnosis (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum. Las líneas que resultaron tolerantes fueron ICTA Ju 97-1 y Cut-45. Ambas serán validadas en campos de agricultores para su posible liberación como nuevas variedades para algunas regiones productoras de Veracruz y Chiapas, México

  7. O USO DE TECNOLOGIAS EM MUSEUS E CENTROS DE VISITANTES: ESTUDO DE CASO DO CENTRO DE VISITANTES DO PROJETO TAMAR DE FERNANDO DE NORONHA – PE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiane Ferrari do Vale

    2016-04-01

    ambiental personalizada, realizada por meio das palestras. Descobrir o limite que tange o uso de tecnologias e a ausência de interpretes é um dos maiores desafios atuais dos museus e centros de visitantes. Palavras-chave: Projeto Tamar. Fernando de Noronha. Novas Tecnologias.

  8. José Fernando Calderero Hernández, Educar no es domesticar. Educando desde la libertad, en libertad y para la libertad

    OpenAIRE

    Arteaga, Blanca

    2015-01-01

    Reseña del libro " Educar no es domesticar. Educando desde la libertad, en libertad y para la libertad" de José Fernando Calderero Hernández, por Blanca Arteaga. Editorial Sekotia, Madrid, 2014, 286 págs.

  9. SANS studies of polymers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wignall, G.D.

    1984-10-01

    Before small-angle neutron scattering (SANS), chain conformation studies were limited to light and small angle x-ray scattering techniques, usually in dilute solution. SANS from blends of normal and labeled molecules could give direct information on chain conformation in bulk polymers. Water-soluble polymers may be examined in H 2 O/D 2 O mixtures using contrast variation methods to provide further information on polymer structure. This paper reviews some of the information provided by this technique using examples of experiments performed at the National Center for Small-Angle Scattering Research (NCSASR)

  10. Santa Anita: la finca, el feudo y el territorio en la nación imaginada por el personaje Fernando Vallejo Santa Anita: Farm, feud and territory in the nation imagined by the character Fernando Vallejo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Cueva Lobelle

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available La finca de Santa Anita es un espacio emblemático que aparece constantemente en la narrativa de Fernando Vallejo; a través del recuerdo de la finca podemos observar una cosmovisión, una manera de ver el mundo ligada al territorio dentro de una escritura literaria que constituye una práctica social fuertemente contextualizada. En este sentido, la imaginación puede ser entendida como un acto comprometido con la realidad y por ello se apreciará el mérito de las variaciones ideológicas y políticas de las agencias humanas y sociales que la escritura literaria pone en movimiento. Por tanto, se analizará el texto como un documento en el que la relación con el poder se presenta como un testimonio de la existencia de unas más o menos abiertas relaciones de lucha y conflicto.The farm of Santa Anita is an emblematic place constantly appearing in Fernando Vallejo's narrative. Through the memory of the farm, we see a worldview, a way of seeing the world linked to the region within a literary writing which constitutes a highly contextualized social practice. In this sense, we consider the imagination as an act committed to reality and therefore we will appraise the ideological and political changes of human and social agencies that literary writing set in motion. Therefore, we will analyze the text as a document in which the relationship with power is presented as a testimony of the existence of more or less opened relations of struggle and conflict.

  11. A VELHICE NÃO CONTEMPLADA: INVISIBILIDADE DAS DEMANDAS SOCIAIS DA PESSOA IDOSA EM FERNANDO DE NORONHA - NORDESTE DO BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sálvea de Oliveira Campelo e Paiva

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo geral deste trabalho é apresentar informações epidemiológicas e reflexões sobre os padrões e as desigualdades no processo de envelhecimento. Os resultados da pesquisa sobre o perfil socioeconômico e epidemiológico da população idosa do Distrito Estadual de Fernando de Noronha (DEFN, PE, e uma leitura crítica analisando o IDH, a prevalência de déficit cognitivo, as taxas de envelhecimento e as condições de vida encontradas na ilha reforçam o tom de invisibilidade e negligência das demandas sociais do segmento mais velho da população no conteúdo das políticas públicas do país. Palavras-chave: processo de envelhecimento; desigualdade social; saúde do idoso.

  12. Politica come intrattenimento. Un’analisi della “messa in scena” politica di Fernando Collor de Mello

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Diehl

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available  Dopo gli anni 1980, la comunicazione politica delle e dei politici è diventata sempre più ibrida, mescolando intrattenimento e rappresentazione politica. Politici come Silvio Berlusconi, Beppe Grillo, ma anche Barack Obama pongono il proprio corpo al centro della rappresentazione mediatica, utilizzandolo non solo come canale di comunicazione, ma anche come fonte di intrattenimento. Prima ancora della “discesa in campo” di Silvio Berlusconi, il caso dell’ex presidente brasiliano Fernando Alfonso Collor de Mello mostra già nel 1989, in modo emblematico, come la fusione di politica e intrattenimento è diventata una delle principale tendenze della comunicazione politica. L’analisi della sua messa in scena da chiarezza a questa tendenza e rivela un fenomeno nuovo della messa in scena mediatica: l’apparizione del terzo corpo del politico.

  13. Remembering San Diego

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chuyanov, V.

    1999-01-01

    After 6 years of existence the ITER EDA project in San Diego, USA, was terminated by desition of the US Congress. This article describes how nice it was for everybody as long as it lasted and how sad it is now

  14. The Calcolithic site of Camino de las Yeseras (San Fernando de Henares, Madrid: an advantageous context to study bell beakers in the central Iberian Peninsula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blasco, Concepción

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper present a first approach to the Calcolithic settlement of “Camino de las Yeseras” in which a third millenium BC occupation has been documented. During the transition to the second millenium BC, Bell Beaker groups appear in the sequence. They exploit new lithic resources, adapt their domestic stock for increased mobility, and practice new diversified funerary rituals in the settlement. The temporal framework is supported by a sequence of many C14 and TL dates.  

    El trabajo ofrece una primera aproximación al Yacimiento Calcolítico de Camino de Las Yeseras donde se ha documentado una ocupación a lo largo del III milenio que, en el tránsito al II milenio AC, acoge a grupos poseedores de cerámica campaniforme que renuevan los equipos materiales con la explotación de nuevos recursos líticos, adaptan su cabaña a una mejor movilidad y practican rituales funerarios diversificados dentro del poblado. El marco temporal se avala con una importante secuencia de dataciones de C14 y TL, plenamente coincidentes.  

  15. Re-Evaluation of the Lower San Fernando Dam. Report 2. Examination of the Post-Earthquake Slide of February 9, 1971

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-09-01

    the initial shear driving shear stress stress Initial {Failure occurs when strength drops below the initial shear idriving shear stressstress Steady...back pressure saturation (to a "B-value" o iot less than B = 0.98) most of the samples were isotropically co:,solidated to 0𔃽, i = 2.0 ksc. Some of the

  16. Ethnomedical syndromes and treatment-seeking behavior among Mayan refugees in Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Bryce D; Sabin, Miriam; Berlin, Elois Ann; Nackerud, Larry

    2009-09-01

    This survey investigated the prevalence of ethnomedical syndromes and examined treatments and treatment-seeking in Mayan Guatemalans living in United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee (UNHCR) camps in Chiapas, Mexico. Methods included a rapid ethnographic assessment to refine survey methods and inform the cross-sectional survey, which also examined mental health outcomes; 183 households were approached for interview, representing an estimated 1,546 residents in five refugee camps and 93% of all households. One adult per household (N = 170) was interviewed regarding his or her health; an additional 9 adults in three surveyed households participated and were included in this analysis; of the 179 participants, 95 primary child-care providers also answered a children's health questionnaire for their children. Results indicated that ethnomedical syndromes were common in this sample, with 59% of adults and 48.4% of children having experienced susto (fright condition) and 34.1% of adults reporting ataques de nervios (nervous attacks); both conditions were significantly associated with symptoms consistent with posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression and are mental health conditions recognized by the American Psychiatric Association. Combining healthcare provider and indigenous treatments such as physician prescribed medication (65%), medicinal plants (65.7%), and limpias (spiritual cleansings) (40.6%) was reported. Most participants (86%) sought routine medical treatment from UNHCR trained health promoters in their camp. Assessing ethnomedical health is important for informing mental health programs among this population.

  17. Farmer preference for improved corn seeds in Chiapas, Mexico: A choice experiment approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sánchez-Toledano, Blanca I.; Kallas, Zein; Gil-Roig, José M.

    2017-01-01

    Appropriate technologies must be developed for adoption of improved seeds based on the farmers’ preferences and needs. Our research identified the farmers’ willingness to pay (WTP) as a key determinant for selecting the improved varieties of maize seeds and landraces in Chiapas, Mexico. This work also analyzed the farmers’ observed heterogeneity on the basis of their socio-economic characteristics. Data were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire from 200 farmers. A proportional choice experiment approach was applied using a proportional choice variable, where farmers were asked to state the percentage of preference for different alternative varieties in a choice set. The generalized multinomial logit model in WTP-space approach was used. The results suggest that the improved seed varieties are preferred over the Creole alternatives, thereby ensuring higher yields, resistance to diseases, and larger ear size. For the preference heterogeneity analyses, a latent class model was applied. Three types of farmers were identified: innovators (60.5%), transition farmers (29.4%), and conservative farmers (10%). An understanding of farmers’ preferences is useful in designing agricultural policies and creati

  18. Farmer preference for improved corn seeds in Chiapas, Mexico: A choice experiment approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanca I. Sánchez-Toledano

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Appropriate technologies must be developed for adoption of improved seeds based on the farmers’ preferences and needs. Our research identified the farmers’ willingness to pay (WTP as a key determinant for selecting the improved varieties of maize seeds and landraces in Chiapas, Mexico. This work also analyzed the farmers’ observed heterogeneity on the basis of their socio-economic characteristics. Data were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire from 200 farmers. A proportional choice experiment approach was applied using a proportional choice variable, where farmers were asked to state the percentage of preference for different alternative varieties in a choice set. The generalized multinomial logit model in WTP-space approach was used. The results suggest that the improved seed varieties are preferred over the Creole alternatives, thereby ensuring higher yields, resistance to diseases, and larger ear size. For the preference heterogeneity analyses, a latent class model was applied. Three types of farmers were identified: innovators (60.5%, transition farmers (29.4%, and conservative farmers (10%. An understanding of farmers’ preferences is useful in designing agricultural policies and creating pricing and marketing strategies for the dissemination of quality seeds.

  19. Burkholderia species associated with legumes of Chiapas, Mexico, exhibit stress tolerance and growth in aromatic compounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de León-Martínez, José A; Yañez-Ocampo, Gustavo; Wong-Villarreal, Arnoldo

    Leguminous plants have received special interest for the diversity of β-proteobacteria in their nodules and are promising candidates for biotechnological applications. In this study, 15 bacterial strains were isolated from the nodules of the following legumes: Indigofera thibaudiana, Mimosa diplotricha, Mimosa albida, Mimosa pigra, and Mimosa pudica, collected in 9 areas of Chiapas, Mexico. The strains were grouped into four profiles of genomic fingerprints through BOX-PCR and identified based on their morphology, API 20NE biochemical tests, sequencing of the 16S rRNA, nifH and nodC genes as bacteria of the Burkholderia genus, genetically related to Burkholderia phenoliruptrix, Burkholderia phymatum, Burkholderia sabiae, and Burkholderia tuberum. The Burkholderia strains were grown under stress conditions with 4% NaCl, 45°C, and benzene presence at 0.1% as the sole carbon source. This is the first report on the isolation of these nodulating species of the Burkholderia genus in legumes in Mexico. Copyright © 2017 Asociación Argentina de Microbiología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  20. Desastres, desplazamiento interno y migración laboral en la Sierra de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán MARTÍNEZ-VELASCO

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Derivado de un escenario global de cambio climático, el huracán Stan (2005 impactó severa - mente a la región Sierra en el estado de Chiapas y devino en el mayor desplazamiento interno de personas de la entidad. Una parte de la población de la región sufrió una repentina pérdida de sus bienes y fue reubicada en lugares circunvecinos en medio de acciones improvisadas por parte de organismos públicos, sin atender los protocolos internacionales en la materia. Para analizar el proceso de reubicación y sus consecuencias, se llevó a cabo un estudio de desplazados en dos co - munidades denominadas “fraccionamientos”. En los nuevos lugares de asentamiento, los medios de vida existentes fueron más precarios que los de los anteriores lugares de residencia, motivo por el cual los desplazados no han podido acceder a satisfactores de bienestar general ni man - tener el acostumbrado patrón de migración internacional que antes del desplazamiento tenían. En cambio, las actuales condiciones han propiciado una migración tipo commuter , situación que desde décadas atrás, esa misma población había superado.

  1. Los mayas del altiplano: supervivencia indígena en Chiapas y Guatemala

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lovell, W. George

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto americano, pocos grupos indígenas han demostrado la capacidad de sobrevivir a lo largo de la historia como los mayas del altiplano. Hoy día en Chiapas existen más de un millón de indígenas mayas, un número que asciende a cinco o seis millones en el caso de Guatemala. Los pueblos mayas han respondido a la invasión y a la dominación para conservar elementos importantes de su cultura. Este artículo discute las formas en que los mayas del altiplano se han adaptado para sobrevivir a casi cinco siglos de conquista, identificando tres fases claves en su trayectoria histórica: (1 la experiencia colonial, que abarca los años entre 1524 y 1821; (2 una época de reforma y revolución, que corre de 1821 a 1954; y (3 un período de marginalización y descuido desde 1954 en adelante. Pese al desfío, los mayas del altiplano están equipados culturalmente para perdurar.

  2. Indianización como proceso y como discurso en Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALEJANDRO GARCÍA GUERRERO

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available ESTE ENSAYO BUSCA COMPRENDER UN PROCESO SOCIAL EN EL QUE LOS indígenas mayas del centro de Chiapas, México, muestran su avance territorial, demográfico, laboral y político por medio del discurso de sus líderes. Se trata de un movimiento étnico que integra las dos dimensiones del proceso de globalización: la homogeneización y la heterogeneización cultural mundial. La perspectiva adoptada integra el análisis del discurso desde un punto de vista flexible y comprensivo de la producción cultural con el análisis del proceso de indianización regional como un sistema interétnico complejo, en el sentido melucciano de sistema. El objetivo principal es explicar cómo los líderes indígenas utilizan el discurso -para persuadir a sus huestes y a los otros- construyendo uno de identidad basado en un pasado significativo ordenado en y para el presente político.

  3. Predictors of leafhopper abundance and richness in a coffee agroecosystem in Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burdine, Justin D; Domínguez Martínez, Gabriel H; Philpott, Stacy M

    2014-04-01

    Coffee agroecosystems with a vegetatively complex shade canopy contain high levels of biodiversity. However, as coffee management is intensified, diversity may be lost. Most biodiversity studies in coffee agroecosystems have examined predators and not herbivores, despite their importance as potential coffee pests and coffee disease vectors. We sampled one abundant herbivore group of leafhoppers on an organic coffee farm in Chiapas, Mexico. We sampled leafhoppers with elevated pan traps in high- and moderate-shade coffee during the dry and wet seasons of 2011. The two major objectives were to 1) compare leafhopper abundance and richness during the wet and dry seasons and 2) examine the correlations between habitat characteristics (e.g., vegetation, elevation, and presence of aggressive ants) and leafhopper richness and abundance. We collected 2,351 leafhoppers, representing eight tribes and 64 morphospecies. Leafhopper abundance was higher in the dry season than in the wet season. Likewise, leafhopper richness was higher in the dry season. Several vegetation and other habitat characteristics correlated with abundance and richness of leafhoppers. The number of Inga trees positively correlated with leafhopper abundance, and other significant correlates of abundance included vegetation complexity. Leafhopper richness was correlated with the number of Inga trees. As leafhoppers transmit important coffee diseases, understanding the specific habitat factors correlating with changes in abundance and richness may help predict future disease outbreaks.

  4. Cuerpos enclaustrados: el caso de las Ciudades Rurales Sustentables en Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariflor Aguilar

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir del análisis del “Plan Puebla Panamá” rebautizado recientemente con el nombre de “Proyecto de Integración y Desarrollo de Mesoamérica” se analiza el proyecto de las ciudades rurales sustentables en el estado de Chiapas, México, las cuales han sido legitimadas bajo un discurso que las autoras denominan blindaje discursivo de las políticas públicas, el cual legitima la expropiación de las tierras campesinas y la liberación de los campesinos como fuerza de trabajo barata al servicio de los intereses del capital trasnacional. Particulariza en un estudio de caso de la Ciudad Rural Sustentable Nuevo Juan de Grijalba bajo el intento de mostrar que el  enclaustramiento y la subordinación forzosa se manifiestan en la transformación de los sujetos, que pasan de ser campesinos con tierras propias y producción para el autoconsumo, a fuerza de trabajo liberada presa de los mercados laborales y locales; de sujetos autónomos con espacios de hábitat amplios conformados también por tradiciones culturales, a cuerpos hacinados en pequeñas casas llenas de ratas; de colectividades con tradiciones de participación política comunitaria, a sujetos vigilados y con temor de manifestar cualquier oposición política.

  5. Cuerpos enclaustrados: el caso de las Ciudades Rurales Sustentables en Chiapas, México.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariflor Aguilar

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir del análisis del “Plan Puebla Panamá” rebautizado recientemente con el nombre de “Proyecto de Integración y Desarrollo de Mesoamérica” se analiza el proyecto de las ciudades rurales sustentables en el estado de Chiapas, México, las cuales han sido legitimadas bajo un discurso que las autoras denominan blindaje discursivo de las políticas públicas, el cual legitima la expropiación de lastierras campesinas y la liberación de los campesinos como fuerza de trabajo barata al servicio de los intereses del capital trasnacional. Particulariza en un estudio de caso de la Ciudad Rural Sustentable Nuevo Juan de Grijalba bajo el intento de mostrar que el enclaustramiento y la subordinación forzosa se manifiestan en la transformación de los sujetos, que pasan de ser campesinos con tierras propias y producción para el autoconsumo, a fuerza de trabajo liberada presa de los mercados laborales y locales; de sujetos autónomos con espacios de hábitat amplios conformadostambién por tradiciones culturales, a cuerpos hacinados en pequeñas casasllenas de ratas; de colectividades con tradiciones de participación política comunitaria, a sujetos vigilados y con temor de manifestar cualquier oposición política.

  6. Organochlorine Pesticides in the Ferruginous Pygmy Owl (Glaucidium brasilianum) in Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arrona-Rivera, Alicia E; Enríquez, Paula L; García-Feria, Luis M; Orellana, Sergio Alvarado; von Osten, Jaime Rendón

    2016-09-01

    Concentrations of organochlorine pesticides were quantified in samples of feathers (n = 17) and blood (n = 15) of the ferruginous pygmy owl (Glaucidium brasilianum). The individuals were captured near the Protected Natural Area Cerro Sonsonate, Chiapas, Mexico, between February and June 2014. In both tissues, pesticides belonging to seven organochlorine chemical families were detected. However, the organochlorine pesticide concentrations differed between feathers and blood. The highest concentrations of hexachlorocyclohexanes were found in feathers (0.63 ± 0.89 μg/g), whereas the highest concentrations of ΣDrines were found in blood (0.31 ± 0.47 μg/mL). By using the summed concentrations for each of the seven families of pesticides found in feathers, we did not find any significant correlation between the pesticides and pectoral muscle or body weight (p > 0.15). The ΣDDT group was the only pesticide family that showed a positive correlation with owl body weight (r = 0.60, p = 0.05); the concentrations of these pesticides were also high in feather and blood tissues (r = 0.87, p = 0.02). Our results confirm that ferruginous pygmy owls in the study area are exposed to these pesticides.

  7. Organochlorine pesticide distribution in an organic production system for cow's milk in Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murga, María N; Gutiérrez, Rey; Vega, Salvador; Pérez, José J; Ortiz, Rutilio; Schettino, Beatriz; Yamasaki, Alberto; Ruíz, Jorge L

    2016-09-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the presence of organochlorine pesticides in samples of forage, soil, water, and milk in four units of an organic production system for cow´s milk (samples of forage, milk, soil, and water) in Tecpatan, Chiapas, Mexico. The organochlorine pesticides were extracted from forage, soil and water based on the USEPA (2005) guideline and from milk based on the IDF 1991 guideline. The pesticides were identified and quantified by gas chromatography with electron capture detector (CG-ECD). In general, the highest average concentration of total pesticides was found in the samples of milk and forage (311 ± 328 and 116.5 ±77 ng g(-1) respectively). Although, the production systems analyzed are organic, organochlorine pesticides were detected in all environmental samples (forage, soil, water, and organic milk). Although no values surpassed the defined limits of Mexican and International regulation it is advisable that a monitoring program of contaminants in these production systems is continued.

  8. Determinantes del ingreso en los hogares en zonas rurales de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucila Godínez Montoya

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La investigación consistió en identificar los factores que determinan el ingreso corrien - te mensual de los hogares en la zona rural de Chiapas, aparte de las propias actividades agrícolas. Se planteó un modelo econométrico, en el cual el logaritmo del ingreso fue la variable dependiente y las explicativas fueron el sexo del jefe del hogar, la edad, la edad al cuadrado, jefe del hogar con primaria completa, jefe del hogar con secundaria com - pleta, jefe del hogar con preparatoria completa, los integrantes del hogar, perceptores de ingresos ocupados y los años de estudio del jefe del hogar. Los resultados indican que tanto el modelo como todos los coeficientes estimados fueron significativos y con los signos esperados; existiendo una relación directa entre la variable dependiente con el sexo, la edad; la primaria, secundaria y preparatoria completas, perceptores de ingre - sos ocupados y los años de estudio, y una relación inversa con la edad al cuadrado y los integrantes del hogar.

  9. Farmer preference for improved corn seeds in Chiapas, Mexico: A choice experiment approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sánchez-Toledano, Blanca I.; Kallas, Zein; Gil-Roig, José M.

    2017-07-01

    Appropriate technologies must be developed for adoption of improved seeds based on the farmers’ preferences and needs. Our research identified the farmers’ willingness to pay (WTP) as a key determinant for selecting the improved varieties of maize seeds and landraces in Chiapas, Mexico. This work also analyzed the farmers’ observed heterogeneity on the basis of their socio-economic characteristics. Data were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire from 200 farmers. A proportional choice experiment approach was applied using a proportional choice variable, where farmers were asked to state the percentage of preference for different alternative varieties in a choice set. The generalized multinomial logit model in WTP-space approach was used. The results suggest that the improved seed varieties are preferred over the Creole alternatives, thereby ensuring higher yields, resistance to diseases, and larger ear size. For the preference heterogeneity analyses, a latent class model was applied. Three types of farmers were identified: innovators (60.5%), transition farmers (29.4%), and conservative farmers (10%). An understanding of farmers’ preferences is useful in designing agricultural policies and creati.

  10. Utilization of agroindustrial waste for biosurfactant production by native bacteria from chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yañez-Ocampo Gustavo

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available In this work, two agro-industrial wastes, namely Waste Cooking Oil (WCO and Coffee Wastewater (CW have been used as the carbon source for the production of biosurfactants, due to their low cost and high availability. Biosurfactant-producing bacterial isolates from the Mexican state of Chiapas were used. The selected biosurfactant-producer strains were evaluated in a liquid medium with 2% (v/v of WCO as the carbon source. The assay was conducted in an Erlenmeyer flask containing 300 mL aliquots of mineral salt media (MSM + residue and incubated at 100 rpm at room temperature for 96 hours. The biosurfactant produced in the samples reduced the surface tension from 50 to 30-29 mN/m. Strains A and 83 showed the maximum emulsification index at 58-59%. Strain A showed the highest biosurfactant yield with a production of 3.7 g/L in comparison with strains B, 83 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC27853. Our results suggest that the biosurfactant produced by strain A has great potential in the treatment of wastewater with a high content of fatty acids, and of soils contaminated by pesticides or oil hydrocarbons.

  11. Flood risk assessment. Case of study: Motozintla de Mendoza, Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David A. Novelo-Casanova

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Due to its geographical location, the community of Motozintla de Mendoza (Motozintla in the State of Chiapas, Mexico, is continuously exposed to the impact of natural hazards. In this work, we assessed the flood risk of Motozintla considering the structural, socioeconomic, organizational, and global (structural, socioeconomic, and organizational vulnerabilities. In addition, we also measured the local risk perception. Spatial maps were generated to determine the most vulnerable and risk areas of this community. Our results indicate that the population has a high level of risk to flooding mainly because (1 the majority of the local houses has high structural vulnerability; (2 a high percentage of the families has a daily income less than the official Mexican minimum wage and lacks of basic public services as well as of proper social security services; (3 most of the community does not know any existing Civil Protection Plan; and (4 the community organization for disaster mitigation and response is practically non-existent. For these reasons, we believe that it is necessary for local authorities to establish in the short-term, preparedness, mitigation and response plans as well as land-use measures to reduce the risk to floods in Motozintla.

  12. Household firewood use and the health of children and women of Indian communities in Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riojas-Rodríguez, H; Romano-Riquer, P; Santos-Burgoa, C; Smith, K R

    2001-01-01

    A follow-up study in two rural communities in the state of Chiapas, Mexico, compared families that used an improved stove for cooking with those that used traditional open-fire stoves, to assess the risks of respiratory symptoms in children and women exposed to wood smoke. 16-hour measurements showed that the concentration of particles less than 10 microm in diameter was significantly lower in households with the better stoves in the kitchen area, where children usually play, i.e., 158 microg/m3 vs 305 microg/m3 (p = 0.03). Multivariate models showed that using the better stove tended to protect against symptoms such as the common cold in children (RR 0.24; 9.5% CI 0.05, 1.02). Use of more firewood was linked to greater risks of experiencing difficulty breathing (RR 1.15; 95% CI 1.04, 1.27) and the common cold (RR 1.09; 95% CI 1.01, 1.18) in women. The use of stoves that require less wood for cooking reduces the risks of respiratory symptoms that may contribute to complicated respiratory diseases and mortality.

  13. The staging and performativity of ethnic tourism in Los Altos de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Bayona Escat

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper reflects on the ethnic tourism and the selective and particular visions that tourists have about the indigenous population, described as different and exotic. The constructive look of the tourist is combined with the need to experiment with the otherness to authenticate the travel. This implies deepening the processes that make up the ethnic imaginary within the global leisure market, but also in analyzing the role that performance activities acquire as a tourist attraction. The work wants to explore the exhibition of the indigenous body in the tourist market from two visions: on the one hand, the interest of the body as cultural heritage; on the other, the moving body on the tourist stage. For the analysis I will use the ethnographic data of the region Altos Tzotzil Tzeltal of Chiapas (Mexico with great influx of ethnic tourists. The purpose is to observe how in these tourist spaces, built as exotic and outside the world economic and cultural system, they become precisely transnational places of exchange of glances, and in places where it is exhibited, observes and commodified a body qualified as ethnic.

  14. Multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis in Los Altos, Selva and Norte regions, Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Pérez, H J; Díaz-Vázquez, A; Nájera-Ortiz, J C; Balandrano, S; Martín-Mateo, M

    2010-01-01

    To analyse the proportion of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in cultures performed during the period 2000-2002 in Los Altos, Selva and Norte regions, Chiapas, Mexico, and to analyse MDR-TB in terms of clinical and sociodemographic indicators. Cross-sectional study of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) from the above regions. Drug susceptibility testing results from two research projects were analysed, as were those of routine sputum samples sent in by health personnel for processing (n = 114). MDR-TB was analysed in terms of the various variables of interest using bivariate tests of association and logistic regression. The proportion of primary MDR-TB was 4.6% (2 of 43), that of secondary MDR-TB was 29.2% (7/24), while among those whose history of treatment was unknown the proportion was 14.3% (3/21). According to the logistic regression model, the variables most highly associated with MDR-TB were as follows: having received anti-tuberculosis treatment previously, cough of >3 years' duration and not being indigenous. The high proportion of MDR cases found in the regions studied shows that it is necessary to significantly improve the control and surveillance of PTB.

  15. [The household economy: a determinant of maternal death among indigenous women in Chiapas, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrera Torres, María del Carmen; Cruz Burguete, Jorge Luis; Robledo Hernández, Gabriela Patricia; Montoya Gómez, Guillermo

    2006-02-01

    To assess the determining role of financial situation and gender relations on maternal mortality among Indigenous women in Chiapas, Mexico. A quantitative/qualitative study was performed by means of a survey of 158 families, as well as in-depth interviews of persons linked to cases of maternal death, community leaders from throughout the region, and focal groups composed of traditional birth attendants. Decision-making surrounding women's health within the household is a critical problem because it is entirely in the hands of the husband and his relatives. In cases of high-risk pregnancy or birth, options for seeking care outside the community become limited, so that 48.7% of all obstetric cases are assisted by traditional birth attendants, 45.3% by relatives, and 6% by the mate. The problem is compounded by the high level of marginalization and very low human development index that characterize the region under study, by women's exclusion from the ownership of goods, including land, and by the fact that 97.7% of women only speak indigenous languages. Gender inequities within Indigenous families, together with a household economy that does not cover the basic necessities, are among the factors that keep women from receiving the necessary care during their reproductive processes. Because of the low socioeconomic status these women have, decisions surrounding care during pregnancy, birth, and the puerperium take a large toll on their health and their lives.

  16. Interpretações do Brasil: uma análise comparativa entre as ideias de Fernando Henrique Cardoso e Caio Prado Júnior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diogo Del Fiori

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo propõe fazer uma comparação entre a visão de Fernando Henrique Cardoso e Caio Prado Junior, identificando pontos de convergência entre as ideias de ambos os autores quando comparados com a interpretação do PCB, que defende a existência de restos feudais no Brasil e consequentemente uma revolução democrático – burguesa de conteúdo anti-feudal e anti-imperialista com foco na defesa da independência nacional. Para Caio Prado Junior, nunca houve feudalismo e o Brasil sempre esteve sujeito ao imperialismo e Fernando Henrique Cardoso argumenta a relação de dependência da burguesia nacional perante a burguesia internacional. O ponto de divergência entre ambos os autores é o período em que o Brasil é subordinado, sendo que para Caio Prado Junior é desde a colonização, com o imperialismo realizando seu domínio e épocas posteriores como a época do império e república e para Fernando Henrique Cardoso a partir da década de 1960 com a instalação das multinacionais.Abstract This article proposes a comparison between the vision of Fernando Henrique Cardoso and Caio Prado Junior, identifying points of convergence between the ideas of both authors when compared with the interpretation of the PCB, which asserts the existence of feudal remnants in Brazil and consequently a revolution democratic - bourgeois content of anti-feudal and anti-imperialist with a focus on defense of national independence. For Caio Prado Júnior, there was never feudalism and Brazil has always been subject to imperialism and Fernando Henrique Cardoso argues the dependence of the national bourgeoisie against the international bourgeoisie. The point of divergence between both authors is the period in which Brazil is subordinate, and for Caio Prado Junior has since colonization, imperialism with its rule making and later times as the era of empire and republic, and for Fernando Henrique Cardoso from the 1960s with the installation of

  17. INTERPRETAÇÕES DO BRASIL: UMA ANÁLISE COMPARATIVA ENTRE AS IDEIAS DE FERNANDO HENRIQUE CARDOSO E CAIO PRADO JÚNIOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diogo Del Fiori

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Este artigo propõe fazer uma comparação entre a visão de Fernando Henrique Cardoso e Caio Prado Junior, identificando pontos de convergência entre as idéias de ambos os autores quando comparados com a interpretação do PCB, que defende a existência de restos feudais no Brasil e consequentemente uma revolução democrático – burguesa de conteúdo anti-feudal e anti-imperialista com foco na defesa da independência nacional. Para Caio Prado Junior, nunca houve feudalismo e o Brasil sempre esteve sujeito ao imperialismo e Fernando Henrique Cardoso argumenta a relação de dependência da burguesia nacional perante a burguesia internacional. O ponto de divergência entre ambos os autores é o período em que o Brasil é subordinado, sendo que para Caio Prado Junior é desde a colonização, com o imperialismo realizando seu domínio e épocas posteriores como a época do império e república e para Fernando Henrique Cardoso a partir da década de 1960 com a instalação das multinacionais. Palavras Chave: dependência, burguesia, marxismo Palabras claves: la dependencia, la burguesia, el marxismo Summary This article proposes a comparison between the vision of Fernando Henrique Cardoso and Caio Prado Junior, identifying points of convergence between the ideas of both authors when compared with the interpretation of the PCB, which asserts the existence of feudal remnants in Brazil and consequently a revolution democratic - bourgeois content of anti-feudal and anti-imperialist with a focus on defense of national independence. For Caio Prado Junior, there was never feudalism and Brazil has always been subject to imperialism and Fernando Henrique Cardoso argues the dependence of the national bourgeoisie against the international bourgeoisie. The point of divergence between both authors is the period in which Brazil is subordinate, and for Caio Prado Junior has since colonization, imperialism with its rule making and later times as the

  18. El Chichón Volcano (Chiapas Volcanic Belt, Mexico) Transitional Calc-Alkaline to Adakitic-Like Magmatism: Petrologic and Tectonic Implications

    OpenAIRE

    Ignacio San José, Cristina de; Castiñeiras García, Pedro; Márquez González, Álvaro; Oyarzun, Roberto; Lillo Ramos, F. Javier; López Ruiz-Labranderas, Iván

    2003-01-01

    The rocks of the 1982 eruption of El Chichón volcano (Chiapas, Mexico) display a series of geochemical and mineralogical features that make them a special case within the NW-trending Chiapas volcanic belt. The rocks are transitional between normal arc and adakitic-like trends. They are anhydrite-rich, and were derived from a water-rich, highly oxidized sulfur-rich magma, thus very much resembling adakitic magmas (e.g., the 1991 Pinatubo eruption). We propose that these rocks we...

  19. Decolonizando acciones públicas contra el feminicidio con cuerpos disidentes: el performance y la plataforma arte acción en Chiapas México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brittany Chávez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Proponemos una forma alternativa de denunciar y visibilizar la violencia feminicida en la región de Chiapas por medio de la plataforma de performance y activismo Arte Acción. Tres partes constituyen este artículo: la situación del feminicidio en Chiapas y nuestra metodología desde lo erótico, lo decolonial y lo pedagógico; la creación de la memoria colectiva a través de acciones públicas; y nuestro trabajo continuado con la plataforma como un modo de activismo alternativo.

  20. Una aproximación biográfica a don Fermín José Fuero: obispo de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Martínez Vellisca

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available A partir de un minucioso trabajo de archivo, y con el propósito de contribuir a salvaguardar la memoria histórica de Chiapas, en este texto se explora la vida peninsular de quien fuera obispo de Chiapa y Soconusco, don Fermín José Fuero Gómez, natural de la villa de Cañizares (Cuenca, quien fue preconizado el 18 de julio de 1795 y consagrado en Guatemala el 11 de septiembre de 1796.

  1. Estrategia educativa para incrementar el cumplimiento del régimen antituberculoso en Chiapas, México Educational strategy for improving patient compliance with the tuberculosis treatment regimen in Chiapas, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Guadalupe del Carmen Álvarez Gordillo; Julio Félix Álvarez Gordillo; José Eugenio Dorantes Jiménez

    2003-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Aplicar un plan de capacitación para médicos y pacientes y evaluar su eficacia en términos del cumplimiento por parte de los pacientes del tratamiento contra la tuberculosis pulmonar en la región fronteriza de Chiapas, México. MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio de intervención controlado en pacientes mayores de 15 años con tuberculosis pulmonar diagnosticada por baciloscopia entre el 1 de febrero de 2001 y el 31 de enero de 2002 en unidades de salud seleccionadas al azar en la región fr...

  2. Analysis of economic convergence within Chiapas municipalities, regions and apparent inconsistencies Análisis de convergencia económica en el interior de Chiapas: municipios, regiones e inconsistencias aparentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar PELÁEZ HERREROS

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The data of annual per capita income estimated by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP for the municipal human development index in Mexico shows that, in Chiapas, during the period 2000-2005, there was a strong convergence at the municipal level while there was no regional convergence. To explain this apparent inconsistency, the article «Regression towards mediocrity in hereditary stature», published by Galton in 1886, is examined, concluding that the clustering level of the data (municipal or regional determines the convergence analysis results, because the grouping of municipalities in regions causes loss of information that can generate phenomena of «regression towards the mean» or just the opposite, as is the case. In Chiapas, the municipal convergence would have led to convergence within the regions but not between regions.A partir de los datos de ingreso per cápita anual estimados por el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD en la elaboración del índice de desarrollo humano municipal en México, se comprueba que, en el interior de Chiapas durante el periodo 2000- 2005, se dio un proceso de fuerte convergencia a nivel municipal al tiempo que no hubo convergencia regional. Para explicar esta aparente inconsistencia, se reexamina el artículo «Regression towards mediocrity in hereditary stature» publicado por Galton en 1886, concluyendo que el nivel de agrupación de los datos (municipal o regional condiciona los resultados del análisis de convergencia, ya que la agrupación de los municipios en regiones origina pérdidas de información que pueden generar fenómenos de «regresión hacia la media» o justo lo contrario, como es el caso. En Chiapas, la convergencia municipal habría dado lugar a la convergencia dentro de las regiones, pero no entre regiones.

  3. [Cytopathologic features of childhood acute leukemia at the Hospital de Especialidades Pediátricas, Chiapas, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lepe-Zúñiga, José Luis; Jerónimo-López, Francisco Javier; Hernández-Orantes, Jorge Gregorio

    Childhood acute leukemia cytological features are unknown in Chiapas, Mexico. Defining these features is important because this is a relatively isolated population with high consanguinity index, and these aspects could determine differences in responses to treatment and outcome. Eighty-one childhood acute leukemia cases treated at the Hospital de Especialidades Pediátricas in Chiapas were characterized by morphology, immunophenotype, genotype, initial risk assignment and status at the time of the study. The proportion of leukemic cell types found in this study was B cell, 75.3%; myeloid, 16%; T cell, 3.7% and NK 1.2%. In B cell leukemia, genetic alterations were present in 40.6% of cases and had a specific outcome regardless of initial risk assessment. Cases with MLL gene alteration died within a month from diagnosis. Translocations were present in 17.5% B cases; t(1;19) was present in those with a favorable outcome. The t(12;21) translocation was related to initial remission and midterm relapse and dead. Hyperdiploidy was present in 20% of B cell cases with good outcome. In 38.5%of myeloid cases were translocations and karyotypic abnormalities. Short-term outcome in this group has been poor; 69% have died or abandoned treatment in relapse from 15 days to 37 months after diagnosis. Relative frequency of different types of acute leukemia in patients treated at a tertiary level pediatric hospital in Chiapas, Mexico, was similar to the one found in other parts of the country. Patients' outcome, under a standardized treatment, differs according to the group, the subgroup and the presence and type of genetic alterations. Copyright © 2017 Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  4. Estrategia para el manejo de suelos ácidos en frijol (phaseolus vulgaris l. en el estado de Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Villar S\\u00E1nchez

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Estrategia para el manejo de suelos ácidos en frijol (Phaseolus vulgaris L. en el estado de Chiapas, México. Por su contribución en la dieta alimenticia y la generación de empleos, y por existir una ancestral cultura productiva y una superficie de siembra de más de 100 mil hectáreas, el cultivo de frijol es de fundamental importancia en el estado de Chiapas. Sin embargo, se ha determinado una brecha tecnológica de más de 700 kg/ha entre el potencial del cultivo y los rendimientos actuales. Esta es ocasionada por numerosos factores limitantes entre los que destaca la presencia de suelos de baja fertilidad y ácidos. La estrategia adoptada para el manejo de este problema incluye: 1.Aplicación de cal y fósforo; 2. Mejoramiento genético para resistencia; 3.Manejo de los ciclos de materia orgánica y nutrientes del suelo; y 4.Combinación de las tres alternativas. En este reporte se dan los avances obtenidos con relación a la primera alternativa considerada como el paso inicial para el logro de un manejo integral de suelos en Chiapas. Durante 1997 se estudiaron cinco dosis de cal y tres de fósforo en condiciones de invernadero y campo para suelos de diferentes localidades. Se utilizó un experimento factorial completo con cuatro repeticiones, los experimentos fueron evaluados en términos de la producción de grano y al efecto de la cal sobre las propiedades químicas del suelo. Hubo respuesta del frijol en rendimiento a la aplicación de cal y fósforo

  5. Two new species of the genus Paramitraceras Pickard-Cambridge, 1905 (Opiliones: Laniatores: Stygnopsidae) from Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz-López, Jesús A; Francke, Oscar F

    2013-01-01

    Parainitraceras pickardcanibridgei sp. nov. and Paramitraceras tzotzil sp. nov. from Chiapas, Mexico are described based on specimens previously determined as Paramitraceras granulatum Pickard-Cambridge, 1905 by Goodnight and Goodnight. The male genitalia of the new species and P. granulatum are illustrated with scanning electronic micrographs (SEMs) or drawings derived from them. The importance of the ocular tubercle, cheliceral dentition and sexual dimorphism, pedipalpal armature and male genitalia as taxonomic characters within the genus is discussed as well as differences and similarities between Paramitraceras Pickard-Cambridge, 1905 and its most similar genus, Sbordonia Šilhavý, 1977.

  6. [Bird biodiversity in natural and modified habitats in a landscape of the Central Depression of Chiapas, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramírez-Albores, Jorge E

    2010-03-01

    In many parts of the neotropics, the original habitats are rapidly changing because of excessive logging, agriculture and livestock activity, with an often negative impact on bird communities. I present an analysis of the diversity and richness of birds in a fragmented landscape of the Central Chiapas Depression. Fieldwork was conducted from February 2003 to January 2004. Using point counts, a total of 35 families and 225 bird species were registered (164 residents and 61 migratory); 3% are abundant and 30% rare. Diversity, species richness and number of individuals were significantly higher in tropical deciduous forest (H'=3.41, 178 species ANOVA pbirds species in the study area.

  7. Two flat-backed polydesmidan millipedes from the Miocene Chiapas-amber Lagerstätte, Mexico.

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    Francisco Riquelme

    Full Text Available Two species of fossil polydesmidan millipedes (Diplopoda: Polydesmida embedded in amber are described from Miocene strata near Simojovel, in the Chiapas Highlands, Mexico. Maatidesmus paachtun gen. et sp. nov., placed into Chelodesmidae Cook, 1895, and Anbarrhacus adamantis gen. et sp. nov., assigned in the family Platyrhacidae Pocock, 1895. Morphological data from fossil specimens have been recovered using 3D X-ray micro-computed tomography and regular to infrared-reflected microscopy. Both fossil species are recognizable as new primarily but not exclusively, by collum margin modification and remarkable paranotal and metatergite dorsal sculpture.

  8. Two Flat-Backed Polydesmidan Millipedes from the Miocene Chiapas-Amber Lagerstätte, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riquelme, Francisco; Hernández-Patricio, Miguel; Martínez-Dávalos, Arnulfo; Rodríguez-Villafuerte, Mercedes; Montejo-Cruz, Maira; Alvarado-Ortega, Jesús; Ruvalcaba-Sil, José L.; Zúñiga-Mijangos, Luis

    2014-01-01

    Two species of fossil polydesmidan millipedes (Diplopoda: Polydesmida) embedded in amber are described from Miocene strata near Simojovel, in the Chiapas Highlands, Mexico. Maatidesmus paachtun gen. et sp. nov., placed into Chelodesmidae Cook, 1895, and Anbarrhacus adamantis gen. et sp. nov., assigned in the family Platyrhacidae Pocock, 1895. Morphological data from fossil specimens have been recovered using 3D X-ray micro-computed tomography and regular to infrared-reflected microscopy. Both fossil species are recognizable as new primarily but not exclusively, by collum margin modification and remarkable paranotal and metatergite dorsal sculpture. PMID:25162220

  9. La reinvención de una vocación regional agroexportadora. El corredor costero de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor B. Fletes Ocón

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Desde una perspectiva antropológica, se analizan procesos de producción, representaciones sociales y discursos que en diferentes momentos han otorgado una cualidad agroexportadora al corredor costero de Chiapas, en particular al Soconusco. Se sostiene que la región se construye por un conjunto de representaciones simbólicas que reafirman la identidad y el poder regional. La reinvención de una vocación regional agroexportadora manifiesta la capacidad de los actores sociales locales para responder a diferentes situaciones problemáticas.

  10. Caracterización de agricultores de maíz en el estado de Chiapas, México

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez, Blanca Isabel; Kallas, Zein; Gil Roig, José María

    2015-01-01

    México es uno de los países con mayor producción de maíz en el mundo (22.6 millones de toneladas), el estado de Chiapas cuenta con la mayor superficie sembrada. No obstante, históricamente los agricultores de esta zona se caracterizan por bajos rendimientos (2 tha-1) comparados con la media nacional. Las instituciones públicas se han planteado analizar estrategias y políticas para la adopción de semillas mejoradas que aumenten la eficiencia y producción del cultivo. Esta investigación pretend...

  11. Artesanas y artesanías: indígenas y mestizas de Chiapas construyendo espacios de cambio

    OpenAIRE

    María Teresa Ramos Maza

    2004-01-01

    El propósito de este artículo es mostrar que las mujeres indígenas artesanas y comerciantes mestizas de los Altos de Chiapas, han creado una nueva artesanía textil que se ha originado a partir de la conjunción de creatividades, intereses y habilidades de las artesanas tseltales y las comerciantes mestizas. Una de sus consecuencias es que se ha creado un espacio a través del cual han obtenido una mayor capacidad de tomar decisiones al interior de la familia, de manejar y controlar recursos, y ...

  12. A dependência da política: Fernando Henrique Cardoso e a sociologia no Brasil

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    Afrânio Garcia Jr.

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a trajetória social, intelectual e profissional de Fernando Henrique Cardoso para entender os diferentes recursos sociais e disposições pessoais utilizados em sua carreira como sociólogo e em suas atividades como especialista da política. Busca demonstrar que os capitais sociais e as disposições responsáveis pelo prestígio como pesquisador e professor de ciências sociais foram distintos dos aplicados no domínio da política, permitindo sua rápida ascensão à presidência da República. Depois de estudar suas origens familiares, focaliza seus investimentos escolares e a escolha do ofício de sociólogo, a carreira promissora sendo bloqueada pelo golpe de 1964. O exílio permitiu a extensão das atividades e o reconhecimento internacional, reinvestidos em novo concurso para a USP; o AI-5 o conduzirá à dupla condição de cientista social e de um dos líderes da frente de oposições aos militares. Por fim, analisa-se a reconversão de seus recursos sociais e pessoais na profissão política.This article analyzes Fernando Henrique Cardoso's social, intellectual and professional trajectory in order to understand the different social resources and personal dispositions carried out in his career as sociologist or in his activities as a professional politician. It seeks to prove that the social capitals and the dispositions that might explain his prestige as researcher and professor of social sciences were very different from those required in the political domain, the ones allowing his fast rise to be the president of the Republic. After having examined his family origins, it focuses his scholar investments and the choice of the sociologist's occupation, a promising career suddenly blocked by the 1964 military coup. The exile encouraged new initiatives and brought him international appraisal, this moment being crowned with his access to the chair of political science at the University of São Paulo; the AI-5 enforced

  13. 76 FR 77528 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; North Hollywood Operable Unit of the San...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-13

    ...In accordance with Section 122(i) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, as amended (``CERCLA''), 42 U.S.C. 9622(i), notice is hereby given of a proposed administrative settlement for recovery of response costs concerning the North Hollywood Operable Unit of the San Fernando Valley Area 1 Superfund Site, located in the vicinity of Los Angeles, California, with the following settling parties: Pick-Your-Part Auto Wrecking; Hayward Associates, LLC; and PNM Properties, LLC. The settlement requires the settling parties to pay a total of $102,161 to the North Hollywood Operable Unit Special Account within the Hazardous Substance Superfund. The settlement also includes a covenant not to sue the settling parties pursuant to Section 107(a) of CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. 9607(a). For thirty (30) days following the date of publication of this notice, the Agency will receive written comments relating to the settlement. The Agency will consider all comments received and may modify or withdraw its consent to the settlement if comments received disclose facts or considerations which indicate that the settlement is inappropriate, improper, or inadequate. The Agency's response to any comments received will be available for public inspection at the City of Los Angeles Central Library, Science and Technology Department, 630 West 5th Street, Los Angeles, CA 90071 and at the EPA Region 9 Superfund Records Center, Mail Stop SFD-7C, 95 Hawthorne Street, Room 403, San Francisco, CA 94105.

  14. 76 FR 79678 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; North Hollywood Operable Unit of the San...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ...In accordance with Section 122(i) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, as amended (``CERCLA''), 42 U.S.C. 9622(i), notice is hereby given of a proposed administrative settlement for recovery of response costs concerning the North Hollywood Operable Unit of the San Fernando Valley Area 1 Superfund Site, located in the vicinity of Los Angeles, California, with the following settling parties: Pick-Your-Part Auto Wrecking; Hayward Associates, LLC; and PNM Properties, LLC. The settlement requires the settling parties to pay a total of $102,161 to the North Hollywood Operable Unit Special Account within the Hazardous Substance Superfund. The settlement also includes a covenant not to sue the settling parties pursuant to Section 107(a) of CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. 9607(a). For thirty (30) days following the date of publication of this notice, the Agency will receive written comments relating to the settlement. The Agency will consider all comments received and may modify or withdraw its consent to the settlement if comments received disclose facts or considerations which indicate that the settlement is inappropriate, improper, or inadequate. The Agency's response to any comments received will be available for public inspection at the City of Los Angeles Central Library, Science and Technology Department, 630 West 5th Street, Los Angeles, CA 90071 and at the EPA Region 9 Superfund Records Center, Mail Stop SFD-7C, 95 Hawthorne Street, Room 403, San Francisco, CA 94105.

  15. 77 FR 123 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; North Hollywood Operable Unit of the San...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-03

    ...In accordance with Section 122(i) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, as amended (``CERCLA''), 42 U.S.C. 9622(i), notice is hereby given of a proposed administrative settlement for recovery of response costs concerning the North Hollywood Operable Unit of the San Fernando Valley Area 1 Superfund Site, located in the vicinity of Los Angeles, California, with the following settling party: Waste Management Recycling & Disposal Services of California, Inc., dba Bradley Landfill & Recycling Center. The settlement requires the settling party to pay a total of $185,734 to the North Hollywood Operable Unit Special Account within the Hazardous Substance Superfund. The settlement also includes a covenant not to sue the settling party pursuant to Section 107(a) of CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. 9607(a). For thirty (30) days following the date of publication of this notice, the Agency will receive written comments relating to the settlement. The Agency will consider all comments received and may modify or withdraw its consent to the settlement if comments received disclose facts or considerations which indicate that the settlement is inappropriate, improper, or inadequate. The Agency's response to any comments received will be available for public inspection at the City of Los Angeles Central Library, Science and Technology Department, 630 West 5th Street, Los Angeles CA 90071 and at the EPA Region 9 Superfund Records Center, Mail Stop SFD-7C, 95 Hawthorne Street, Room 403, San Francisco, CA 94105.

  16. Caracterização e classificação de cambissolos do arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, Pernambuco Characterization and classification of cambisols from the archipelago Fernando de Noronha, Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Adriano Marques

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho visou caracterizar e classificar Cambissolos de ocorrência comum no Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, com o objetivo de testar e contribuir para o desenvolvimento do Sistema Brasileiro de Classificação de Solos (SiBCS. Além disso, uma melhor compreensão desses solos e de sua distribuição na paisagem é de grande importância no planejamento do uso da terra, para nortear ações governamentais visando à exploração sustentável desse complexo turístico-ecológico. Com base no Mapa Detalhado de Solos do Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, seis perfis de Cambissolos representativos da área foram selecionados, descritos e coletados, visando à caracterização morfológica, física, química e mineralógica. Os Cambissolos foram adequadamente classificados segundo a nova versão do SiBCS, que incluiu o grande grupo "Ta eutroférrico", sugerido durante o desenvolvimento deste trabalho. Os solos do Arquipélago refletem nas suas propriedades as características marcantes do material de origem vulcânico, do clima tropical com franco domínio oceânico e do relevo. Os Cambissolos Háplicos Ta eutroférricos típicos ocupam as posições mais preservadas do planalto central da ilha principal e possuem os melhores atributos físicos e químicos para utilização agrícola ou geotécnica. Os Cambissolos Háplicos Ta eutróficos lépticos, relacionados com relevos acidentados e geralmente associados com Neossolos Litólicos e afloramentos de rocha, são solos que requerem proteção especial devido à sua alta instabilidade ao processo erosivo. Por sua vez, os Cambissolos Háplicos Sódicos vertissólicos, que ocorrem em áreas ligeiramente rebaixadas do planalto central, apresentam sérios problemas de drenagem e argilas expansivas. Quimicamente, os solos apresentam teores elevados a extremamente elevados de P extraível, de distribuição irregular tanto entre perfis como nos horizontes, o que sugere a influência de fontes

  17. 75 FR 38412 - Safety Zone; San Diego POPS Fireworks, San Diego, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; San Diego POPS Fireworks, San Diego, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary... waters of San Diego Bay in support of the San Diego POPS Fireworks. This safety zone is necessary to... San Diego POPS Fireworks, which will include fireworks presentations conducted from a barge in San...

  18. MONUMENTOS ARQUEOLÓGICOS DEL ÁREA DE GUAQUITEPEC-SITALÁ, CHIAPAS, MÉXICO: DATOS DISPONIBLES Y NUEVAS INTERPRETACIONES (Archaeological Monuments of the Guaquitepec-Sitalá Area, Chiapas, Mexico: Available Data and New Interpretations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Sheseña

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo está dedicado al estudio de un grupo de monumentos arqueológicos localizados en la región de Guaquitepec y Sitalá, en el norte de Chiapas, México, una región poco socorrida por los estudiosos de la cultura maya. Se propone, a la luz de los conocimientos con los que actualmente se cuenta sobre la historia de los antiguos mayas, que dichos monumentos son evidencia de la existencia de una importante confluencia de rutas de comunicación en este lugar, ampliamente usada en la antigüedad por las entidades políticas circunvecinas. ENGLISH: This article is devoted to the study of a group of archaeological monuments located in the region around Guaquitepec and Sitalá in the north of Chiapas, Mexico, a region little served by scholars of Maya culture. In light of current research available on the history of the ancient Maya in the region, this article proposes that these monuments are evidence of an important confluence of communication routes that were widely used in antiquity by the surrounding political entities.

  19. Woody plant diversity and structure of shade-grown-coffee plantations in Northern Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Soto-Pinto

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Shade-grown coffee is an agricultural system that contains some forest-like characteristics. However, structure and diversity are poorly known in shade coffee systems. In 61 coffee-growers’ plots of Chiapas, Mexico, structural variables of shade vegetation and coffee yields were measured, recording species and their use. Coffee stands had five vegetation strata. Seventy seven woody species mostly used as wood were found (mean density 371.4 trees per hectare. Ninety percent were native species (40% of the local flora, the remaining were introduced species, mainly fruit trees/shrubs. Diametric distribution resembles that of a secondary forest. Principal Coordinates Analysis grouped plots in four classes by the presence of Inga, however the majority of plots are diverse. There was no difference in equitability among groups or coffee yields. Coffee yield was 835 g clean coffee per shrub, or ca. 1668 kg ha-1. There is a significant role of shade-grown coffee as diversity refuge for woody plants and presumably associated fauna, as well as an opportunity for shade-coffee growers to participate in the new biodiversity-friendly-coffee marketEl café bajo sombra es un sistema agrícola que contiene algunas características de los bosques. Sin embargo, las características estructurales y de diversidad de la sombra del café son poco conocidas. En 61 parcelas de productores del norte de Chiapas, Mexico, se midieron variables estructurales de la vegetación de sombra y los rendimientos de café, registrando las especies y sus usos. Los cafetales presentaron cinco estratos de vegetación. Se encontraron 77 especies leñosas, la mayoría de uso maderable (densidad promedio de 371.4 árboles por hectárea. Noventa por ciento fueron especies nativas (40% de la flora local, el porcentaje restante fueron especies introducidas, principalmente árboles o arbustos frutales. La distribución diamétrica se asemeja a la distribución típica de bosques secundarios

  20. Ecoturismo y el trabajo invisibilizado de las mujeres en la Selva Lacandona, Chiapas, México

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    Gloria Mariel Suárez Gutiérrez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza la situación de invisibilización de las mujeres respecto a la actividad ecoturística, observando efectos que mantienen los estereotipos de género dentro de la actividad ecoturística como una alternativa económica y social para las mujeres. Se busca señalar desde la planificación de los centros, la diferenciación de género a través de los procesos sociales, y que son trasladados al marco laboral de los centros ecoturísticos, con base en un análisis de dos dimensiones (comunidad y centro ecoturístico, los cuales permiten analizar las relaciones de género y cómo éstas se transforman en cada dimensión. En particular se estudian dos centros ecoturísticos: Top Che en Lacanja-Chansayab y Las Guacamayas en Marqués de Comillas, Chiapas, México. Se utilizan métodos de corte cualitativo basados en el modelo propuesto hacia las dos dimensiones, con ayuda de herramientas como la observación participante, entrevistas semiestructuradas y talleres participativos. Los resultados indican la presencia de los estereotipos de género dentro de las actividades ecoturísticas de los centros, evidentes en las dobles jornadas por parte de las mujeres, se observa cómo se mantiene la división de trabajo en la relación productivo-reproductivo. No obstante, se percibe que las mujeres encuentran en el ecoturismo un nuevo espacio para el emprendimiento económico y social, modificando actitudes, manera de ser y hacer, así como roles y uso del tiempo dentro de las dos dimensiones de estudio planteados.

  1. Genetic Diversity in Jatropha curcas Populations in the State of Chiapas, Mexico

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    Miguel Salvador-Figueroa

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Jatropha curcas L. has become an important source of oil production for biodiesel fuel. Most genetic studies of this plant have been conducted with Asian and African accessions, where low diversity was encountered. There are no studies of this kind focusing in the postulated region of origin. Therefore, five populations of J. curcas were studied in the state of Chiapas, Mexico, using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP markers. One hundred and fifty-two useful markers were obtained: overall polymorphism = 81.18% and overall Nei’s genetic diversity (He = 0.192. The most diverse population was the Border population [He: 0.245, Shanon’s information index (I: 0.378]. A cluster analysis revealed the highest dissimilarity coefficient (0.893 yet to be reported among accessions. An analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA revealed that the greatest variation is within populations (87.8%, followed by the variation among populations (7.88%. The PhiST value (0.121 indicated moderate differentiation between populations. However, a spatial AMOVA (SAMOVA detected a stronger genetic structure of populations, with a PhiST value of 0.176. To understand the fine structure of populations, an analysis of data with Bayesian statistics was conducted with software Structure©. The number of genetic populations (K was five, with mixed ancestry in most individuals (genetic migrants, except in the Soconusco, where there was a tiny fraction of fragments from other populations. In contrast, SAMOVA grouped populations in four units. To corroborate the above findings, we searched for possible genetic barriers, determining as the main barrier that separating the Border from the rest of the populations. The results are discussed based on the possible ancestry of populations.

  2. Especies forrajeras utilizadas bajo silvo-pastoreo en el centro de Chiapas

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    R. Pinto

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Con el objetivo de conocer los usos, la composición química y degradabilidad ruminal de especies arbóreas y herbáceas del trópico mexicano, se desarrolló el presente trabajo en el Valle Central del estado de Chiapas, México. A través de entrevistas con productores se identificaron 14 leñosas y 7 herbáceas con mayor mención forrajera, así como sus múltiples usos. De éstas, el contenido de PC varió de medio a alto (5.8-28.7%, sobresaliendo las especies herbáceas, el contenido de MO fue muy similar entre especies (79.1 96.6% y los niveles más altos de FDN y FDA se encontraron en los frutos y las mayores concentraciones de FT en los follajes arbóreos. En términos de degradabilidad a 24 h de la PC, MS y MO, sobresalieron el follaje de G. americana y el fruto de E. cyclocarpum (P<0.05, en tanto, el follaje y fruto de A. pennatula, y el follaje de B. ungulata y M. hondurana presentaron los valores más bajos (P<0.05 de todas las especies en evaluación. Los parámetros de degradabilidad ruminal (a, b, a+b, c de los frutos fueron menores en comparación a los follajes. Sobresalió el fruto de E. cyclocarpum por su alto potencial de degradabilidad. Para el caso del follaje, excepto el género Acacia, todas las especies presentaron valores altos de degradabilidad ruminal de la MS

  3. Mamíferos de la Reserva de la Biosfera "La Sepultura", Chiapas, México

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    Eduardo Espinoza Medinilla

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Con el objeto de conocer la riqueza de mamíferos de la Reserva de la Biosfera La Sepultura, fue elaborado un listado de especies para esta área natural protegida. Através de transectos lineales, donde se realizaron observaciones directas, búsqueda de rastros y captura de ejemplares, durante el periodo de mayo de 1994 a diciembre de 1999, además de la revisión de bases de datos nacionales y extranjeras; con registros de esta localidad, se pudo recolectar 848 especimenes (248 pieles y cráneos, 32 huellas en molde de yeso y nueve fragmentos óseos. Se obtuvo un listado compuesto de 98 especies, 70 géneros, 29 familias y 10 órdenes. El 86.7 % de estas especies pertenecen a los órdenes Chiroptera, Rodentia y Carnivora. Por lo menos 21 especies están clasificadas dentro de alguna categoría de conservación. Los datos obtenidos de este manuscrito son una base sólida y actualizada y pueden ser usados como parte de los planes de manejo y conservación para esta reservaA species list was elaborated for La Sepultura Biosphere Reserve, Chiapas, Mexico. Line transects and direct observations were made, national and international databases were consulted, and animal traces were registered. Animals were captured during the period May 1994 - December 1999. A total of 848 specimen (248 furs and skulls, 32 tracks in plaster, and 9 osseous fragments were collected. A total of 98 species, 70 genera, 29 families, and 10 orders compose the species list. Of these species 87.7% belong to the orders Chiroptera, Rodentia and Carnivora and 21 species were classified according to some kind of legal protection. These data represent a solid and actualized database useful for designing management and conservation plans for this Biosphere Reserve

  4. Caracterización del sistema agrosilvopastoril en la Depresión Central de Chiapas

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    N. Ramírez-Marcial

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A través de talleres participativos, se analizó la importancia de algunos árboles para el manejo de los sistemas productivos en una comunidad zoque, del municipio de Ocozocuautla de Espinosa, Chiapas (México. En cinco unidades de producción se establecieron al azar tres parcelas concéntricas de 10, 100 y 1,000 m2, para cuantificar, respectivamente, el número de plántulas (individuos menores de un m de altura, juveniles (individuos 10 cm DAP. De 59 especies de árboles presentes en la localidad, se identificaron 28 de ellas en los sistemas silvopastoriles y hasta ocho tipos de uso, siendo la leña el más importante y Acacia pennatula la especie más utilizada. La densidad de plántulas en los potreros fue de 1.05 ± 0.45 ind/m2, la de juveniles (333 ± 11 ind/ha y la de árboles adultos (71 ±6 ind/ha. Para la alimentación del ganado se promueven varios zacates, siendo el brizantha (Brachiaria brizantha el más extendido (92%. En función de la disponibilidad de forraje, los productores permiten el acceso del ganado a áreas arboladas de donde, además, extraen leña, madera y abono. La mayor dominancia de A. pennatula en los potreros se explica por la dispersión del ganado de las semillas de esta especie que, al ser colonizadora de hábitats abiertos, puede establecerse con relativa facilidad y con la menor inversión de mano de obra y en condiciones de baja presión de pastoreo, lo cual acelera el proceso de regeneración del bosque tropical caducifolio.

  5. Paleoserranus lakamhae gen. et sp. nov., a Paleocene seabass (Perciformes: Serranidae) from Palenque, Chiapas, southeastern Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cantalice, Kleyton M.; Alvarado-Ortega, Jesús; Alaniz-Galvan, Abril

    2018-04-01

    Paleoserranus lakamhae gen. et sp. nov. is here described based on well-preserved fossils from the Paleocene marine sediments of the Tenejapa-Lacandón geological unit, belonging to both Division del Norte and Belisario Domínguez quarries, near Palenque, Chiapas, southeastern Mexico. This species exhibits distinctive characters of the order Perciformes, such as the presence of spines in the dorsal, pelvic, and anal fins, as well as the pelvic and pectoral girdles in contact between them. This fish also has neither procurrent spur nor posterior uroneural, characters that support its place within the family Serranidae. It also has a distinctive combination of characters, including a serrated lacrimal and a toothed ectopterygoid, never recorded before among serranids. Additionally, this fossil fish shares some characters with different species nested within the subfamilies Serraninae, Anthiinae, and Ephinephelinae; these include a predorsal formula of 0/0/0 + 2/1 + 1/1; a preopercle with its ventral edge sinuous and showing a strong antrorse spine; its dorsal fin consists of nine spines and eight to ten soft rays; 13 rays in its pectoral fin; and its rounded caudal fin structured with formula I+8-7+I. Paleoserranus lakamhae gen. et sp. nov. is a Serranidae incertae sedis because it does not fit into any subgroup; however, this Paleocene fish is the earliest fossil record of the family Serranidae. The place of occurrence of this new fossil record suggests that the origin and of the seabasses took place in the Caribbean region of North America.

  6. La importancia de Palenque, Chiapas, para la conservación de los murciélagos de México The importance of Palenque, Chiapas, for the conservation of Mexican bats

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    Luis Gerardo Avila-Torresagatón

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available La fauna de murciélagos de Chiapas, una de las más estudiadas del país, representa cerca del 77% de las especies registradas para México. Sin embargo, se ha prestado poca atención a los murciélagos de la región selva-norte, área convergente entre la Planicie del Golfo, la Sierra Chiapaneca y la porción más norteña de la Selva Lacandona. Con el objetivo de complementar el listado de las especies de la Región Selva Norte, entre febrero de 2008 y mayo de 2010 se capturaron murciélagos en 130 sitios mediante redes de niebla en Palenque, Chiapas. Los muestreos se realizaron en el continuo de vegetación del Parque Nacional Palenque (PNP y en fragmentos aislados de vegetación en diferente grado de sucesión, así como en cercas vivas, corredores riparios y pastizales inducidos, localizados desde 1 hasta 14 kilómetros al norte del Parque. Con un esfuerzo de muestreo de 432 m-red/noche, en 130 noches se registraron 52 especies de murciélagos; 10 catalogadas como especies hábitat-dependientes, 26 vulnerables a la fragmentación y 16 tolerables a la fragmentación. Entre las especies registradas se encuentran Noctilio leporinus, Mimon crenulatum, Chiroderma salvini, Myotis californicus, M. elegans, Rhogeessa tumida, Molosus rufus y M. sinaloae que no se habían registrado previamente en la zona. Los resultados de este trabajo muestran que la diversidad de murciélagos encontrada en Palenque representa el 42% de la fauna de quirópteros mexicanos, por lo que el PNP y su periferia deben considerarse como área focal para la conservación de este grupo de mamíferos.The bat fauna of Chiapas, is one of the most studied of Mexico, and representing about 77% of the bat species reported to the country. Although, low attention have received the bats from the Selva-Norte region (located in the Plains of the Gulf of Mexico, the Chiapas Mountains and the northern portion of Lacandona. With the objective of obtain a comprehensive list of the bat

  7. A Comparison of ectoparasite infestation by chigger mite larvae (Acarina: Trombiculidae) on resident and migratory birds in Chiapas, Mexico illustrating a rapid visual assessment protocol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas V. Dietsch

    2005-01-01

    This study presents a protocol developed to rapidly assess ectoparasite prevalence and intensity. Using this protocol during a mist-netting project in two different coffee agroecosystems in Chiapas, Mexico, data were collected on ectoparasitic chigger mite larvae (Acarina: Trombiculidae) found on resident and migratory birds. Surprisingly high infestation rates were...

  8. A new species of myrmecophilous lady beetle in the genus Diomus (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae: Diomini) from Chiapas, Mexico that feeds on green coffee scale, Coccus viridis (Green) (Hemiptera: Coccidae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    A new species of myrmecophilous lady beetle in the genus Diomus (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae: Diomini) is described from a coffee agroecosystem in Chiapas, Mexico. The new species was found preying on the green coffee scale pest, Coccus viridis (Green), tended primarily by Azteca sericeasur Longino an...

  9. Estrategia educativa para incrementar el cumplimiento del régimen antituberculoso en Chiapas, México Educational strategy for improving patient compliance with the tuberculosis treatment regimen in Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guadalupe del Carmen Álvarez Gordillo

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Aplicar un plan de capacitación para médicos y pacientes y evaluar su eficacia en términos del cumplimiento por parte de los pacientes del tratamiento contra la tuberculosis pulmonar en la región fronteriza de Chiapas, México. MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio de intervención controlado en pacientes mayores de 15 años con tuberculosis pulmonar diagnosticada por baciloscopia entre el 1 de febrero de 2001 y el 31 de enero de 2002 en unidades de salud seleccionadas al azar en la región fronteriza de Chiapas, México. La muestra estuvo formada por pacientes que acudieron por demanda de consulta en ese período a 23 y 25 unidades de salud para cada uno de los grupos en estudio: intervención y control, respectivamente. En el grupo de intervención se aplicó un plan de capacitación para el personal de salud en el que se abordaron los aspectos sociales, culturales y económicos de la tuberculosis; las bases teóricas y prácticas del diagnóstico y el tratamiento de la enfermedad y la formación de grupos de autoayuda. También se formaron grupos de autoayuda para todos los pacientes que acudieron a las 23 unidades del grupo de intervención. A todos los pacientes se les administró un régimen terapéutico abreviado con isoniacida, rifampicina, pirazinamida y etambutol durante 25 semanas, hasta completar 105 dosis. El seguimiento de los pacientes se extendió hasta el mes de diciembre de 2003. Los grupos de intervención y control se compararon mediante la prueba de la ji al cuadrado y se empleó la prueba de la t de Student para comparar las medias. Se calculó el riesgo relativo (RR de no cumplir y sus intervalos de confianza de 95% (IC95%. RESULTADOS: En la investigación participaron 87 pacientes: 44 en el grupo sometido a intervención y 43 en el grupo de control. El cumplimiento del tratamiento fue significativamente mayor en el grupo que recibió la intervención que en el grupo que sirvió de control (97,7% frente a 81

  10. La sacralización del rey. Fernando VII, la insurgencia novohispana y el derecho divino de los reyes

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    Landavazo, Marco Antonio

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes what the author called the «process of sacralization» of King Ferdinand VII’s image in New Spain, and its political and ideological consequences in the Mexican Independence War. The people’s believes, values and attitudes towards the Monarchy were an essential part of the local political culture. These played a decisive role in the course of political and social events of the period.

    En este artículo se describe y analiza lo que he llamado el proceso de sacralización de la figura del rey Fernando VII en Nueva España y las implicaciones políticas e ideológicas que ello tuvo en el curso de la guerra de independencia mexicana, como una forma de mostrar que las creencias, los valores y las actitudes que los novohispanos poseían en torno a la institución monárquica jugaban un papel fundamental en la definición de la cultura política de la época, y condicionaron de hecho, en buena medida, el curso de los acontecimientos más relevantes del periodo.

  11. Fernando vallejo: y la clausura ciudadanía estética de la literatura mundial

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    Brantley Nicholson

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo encara deliberaciones actuales sobre la literatura global, desde la perspectiva de la novela urbana colombiana del siglo XX. Explorando la tensión entre las historias de las narrativas globales y locales, el autor examina hasta qué punto se puede defender que la literatura global y sus apéndices socioculturales se prestan a proyectos emancipatorios, y hasta qué punto esos apéndices simplifican en exceso los espacios de producción literaria densa. Ubicando la Weltliteratur de Goethe en el contexto de una Colombia estéticamente globalizada, e invocando la relación particularmente espinosa entre Fernando Vallejo y Gabriel García Márquez como caso de estudio, este artículo avanza que las casas editoriales internacionales y las culturas de la crítica crean una ciudadanía estética limitante que sigue siendo dominada por las decisiones de mercadeo de las grandes casas editoriales y el gusto de los públicos lectores, muy alejados del contexto de los bestsellers “periféricos”.

  12. El tambor blanqueado o la cubanidad musical, en Fernando Ortíz, como vanguardia de las resistencias transculturales

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    José Antonio González Alcantud

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El etnólogo cubano Fernando Ortíz acuñó en los años treinta el concepto de transculturalidad para definir la realidad cultural y musical nueva que la identidad cubana le imponía. Este concepto partía de la conjunción de lo blanco y lo negro, con exclusión de lo indoantillano definitivamente desaparecido para él. En el análisis general del concepto, la música diabólica del tambor africano y su aceptación final por la música nacional cubana ocupa un lugar relevante. Una vez trazada la nueva realidad conceptual a Ortíz le sale un seguidor de calidad, el antropólogo Malinowski, que alza la transculturalidad como bandera de combate frente a la aculturación. Hoy día el término transculturalidad forma parte del discurso de la poscolonialidad, pero tiene una virtud frente a otros, como culturas híbridas: que no ha perdido en nombre de la globalización sus referentes locales.

  13. O Cadáver, um emblema da morte em “Ápeiron”, de Caio Fernando Abreu

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    André Luiz Gomes de Jesus

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present article is to investigate the procedures used by Caio Fernando Abreu to construct the representations of death in his work. For this, I take, here, the short-story “Apeiron”, published in the book Inventário do irremediável (1970. In this text, the reflection about death as well as the dissociation process connected to it is triggered by the representation of the mental states of a corpse, a kind of allegorical emblem of the human finitude, since this can be seen as the personification of death. Moreover, the emblematic nature of the dead body also refers to the emptiness of the human life. The short-story establishes an ambiguity, especially because the discursive choice (indirect and free indirect discourse does not allow the reader to relate the ideas presented in the text directly s to the corpse-protagonist or to the narrator, leading him to question if the text is the product of the narrator’s imagination or the unusual maintenance of the dead man’s mental life. Whether the text can be seen as the imagination about death or experience of death, “Apeiron” shows, through the death process,  that Abreu  reflects  on  the sense of the existence. 

  14. TRANSFERS BETWEEN GENERATIONS AND GENDERS. THE CASE OF DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2 IN A POOR URBAN CONTEXT OF CHIAPAS, MEXICO

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    Emma Zapata-Martelo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The transfer between generations of populations with diabetes mellitus type 2, play an important role in adherence to the treatment or disease control. The objective of the present study is to identify the magnitude, characteristics and reasons of the intergenerational transfers, and their effect on the absence of medical control from those who have diabetes mellitus type 2. The present study is inserted into the project: prevalence of chronic diseases in Chiapas. Epidemiology, social barriers and attention needs in the adult population (ECPA, in the city of Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas; the information was obtained from September 2005 to April 2006. For purposes of the present study were considered people of 40 years and older with diabetes mellitus type 2 previously diagnosed, resulting in the selection of 125 people with those characteristics: 43 men and 82 women. The results showed that approximately 90% of the people received any type of economical or emotional transfer, there is greater support from children to mothers, and the reasons for transfers were mainly voluntary. The effect of emotional support in women it’s greater than in men in the adherence to treatment and disease control.

  15. Análisis de convergencia económica en el interior de Chiapas: municipios, regiones e inconsistencias aparentes

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    Jorge Alberto LÓPEZ ARÉVALO

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A partir de los datos de ingreso per cápita anual estimados por el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD en la elaboración del índice de desarrollo humano municipal en México, se comprueba que, en el interior de Chiapas durante el periodo 2000- 2005, se dio un proceso de fuerte convergencia a nivel municipal al tiempo que no hubo convergencia regional. Para explicar esta aparente inconsistencia, se reexamina el artículo «Regression towards mediocrity in hereditary stature» publicado por Galton en 1886, concluyendo que el nivel de agrupación de los datos (municipal o regional condiciona los resultados del análisis de convergencia, ya que la agrupación de los municipios en regiones origina pérdidas de información que pueden generar fenómenos de «regresión hacia la media» o justo lo contrario, como es el caso. En Chiapas, la convergencia municipal habría dado lugar a la convergencia dentro de las regiones, pero no entre regiones.

  16. Estrategia educativa para incrementar el cumplimiento del régimen antituberculoso en Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guadalupe del Carmen Álvarez Gordillo

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Aplicar un plan de capacitación para médicos y pacientes y evaluar su eficacia en términos del cumplimiento por parte de los pacientes del tratamiento contra la tuberculosis pulmonar en la región fronteriza de Chiapas, México. MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio de intervención controlado en pacientes mayores de 15 años con tuberculosis pulmonar diagnosticada por baciloscopia entre el 1 de febrero de 2001 y el 31 de enero de 2002 en unidades de salud seleccionadas al azar en la región fronteriza de Chiapas, México. La muestra estuvo formada por pacientes que acudieron por demanda de consulta en ese período a 23 y 25 unidades de salud para cada uno de los grupos en estudio: intervención y control, respectivamente. En el grupo de intervención se aplicó un plan de capacitación para el personal de salud en el que se abordaron los aspectos sociales, culturales y económicos de la tuberculosis; las bases teóricas y prácticas del diagnóstico y el tratamiento de la enfermedad y la formación de grupos de autoayuda. También se formaron grupos de autoayuda para todos los pacientes que acudieron a las 23 unidades del grupo de intervención. A todos los pacientes se les administró un régimen terapéutico abreviado con isoniacida, rifampicina, pirazinamida y etambutol durante 25 semanas, hasta completar 105 dosis. El seguimiento de los pacientes se extendió hasta el mes de diciembre de 2003. Los grupos de intervención y control se compararon mediante la prueba de la ji al cuadrado y se empleó la prueba de la t de Student para comparar las medias. Se calculó el riesgo relativo (RR de no cumplir y sus intervalos de confianza de 95% (IC95%. RESULTADOS: En la investigación participaron 87 pacientes: 44 en el grupo sometido a intervención y 43 en el grupo de control. El cumplimiento del tratamiento fue significativamente mayor en el grupo que recibió la intervención que en el grupo que sirvió de control (97,7% frente a 81

  17. Impact of a Large San Andreas Fault Earthquake on Tall Buildings in Southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnan, S.; Ji, C.; Komatitsch, D.; Tromp, J.

    2004-12-01

    In 1857, an earthquake of magnitude 7.9 occurred on the San Andreas fault, starting at Parkfield and rupturing in a southeasterly direction for more than 300~km. Such a unilateral rupture produces significant directivity toward the San Fernando and Los Angeles basins. The strong shaking in the basins due to this earthquake would have had a significant long-period content (2--8~s). If such motions were to happen today, they could have a serious impact on tall buildings in Southern California. In order to study the effects of large San Andreas fault earthquakes on tall buildings in Southern California, we use the finite source of the magnitude 7.9 2001 Denali fault earthquake in Alaska and map it onto the San Andreas fault with the rupture originating at Parkfield and proceeding southward over a distance of 290~km. Using the SPECFEM3D spectral element seismic wave propagation code, we simulate a Denali-like earthquake on the San Andreas fault and compute ground motions at sites located on a grid with a 2.5--5.0~km spacing in the greater Southern California region. We subsequently analyze 3D structural models of an existing tall steel building designed in 1984 as well as one designed according to the current building code (Uniform Building Code, 1997) subjected to the computed ground motion. We use a sophisticated nonlinear building analysis program, FRAME3D, that has the ability to simulate damage in buildings due to three-component ground motion. We summarize the performance of these structural models on contour maps of carefully selected structural performance indices. This study could benefit the city in laying out emergency response strategies in the event of an earthquake on the San Andreas fault, in undertaking appropriate retrofit measures for tall buildings, and in formulating zoning regulations for new construction. In addition, the study would provide risk data associated with existing and new construction to insurance companies, real estate developers, and

  18. Taxonomia e distribuição do gênero Caulerpa Lamouroux (Bryopsidales - Chlorophyta na costa de Pernambuco e Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, Brasil Taxonomy and distribution of the genus Caulerpa Lamouroux (Bryopsidales - Chlorophyta on the coast of Pernambuco State and Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suellen Brayner

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho identifica e fornece a distribuição do gênero Caulerpa na costa de Pernambuco (07º30' S e 09º00' W e no Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha (03º51' S e 32º25' W. As coletas foram realizadas em 32 praias da costa de Pernambuco no período entre abril/2004 a novembro/2005, na região entre-marés. Em Fernando de Noronha as coletas foram feitas em junho/2006, na região entre marés e no infralitoral (10, 15 e 21 m de profundidade, em oito praias. Foram, também, analisadas as exsicatas de Caulerpa depositadas no Herbário Professor Vasconcelos Sobrinho (PEUFR da Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco. Os resultados mostram que o gênero Caulerpa está representado na costa de Pernambuco, por 19 táxons infragenéricos. Algumas espécies apresentaram distribuição restrita como C. kempfii Joly & Pereira, C. lanuginosa J. Agardh e C. serrulata (Forssk. J. Agardh. Para o Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha foram registrados três táxons infragenéricos.This paper analyzes the taxonomy and distribution of the genus Caulerpa on the coast of Pernambuco (07º30'S; 09º00'W and in the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago (03º51'S; 32º25'W. Sampling was carried out on the coast of Pernambuco from April/2004 to November/2005, in the intertidal zone of 32 beaches. On Fernando de Noronha collections were made in June/2006 in the intertidal and infralittoral (10, 15 and 21m depth regions of eight beaches. Exsiccata of Caulerpa from the Professor Vasconcelos Sobrinho Herbarium (PEUFR were also examined. The results showed that the genus Caulerpa is represented on the coast of Pernambuco state by 19 infrageneric taxa. Some species had restricted distributions such as C. kempfii Joly & Pereira, C. lanuginosa J. Agardh and C. serrulata (Forssk. J. Agardh. Three infrageneric taxa were registered for the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago.

  19. San Francisco folio, California, Tamalpais, San Francisco, Concord, San Mateo, and Haywards quadrangles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, Andrew Cowper

    1914-01-01

    The five sheets of the San Francisco folio the Tamalpais, Ban Francisco, Concord, Ban Mateo, and Haywards sheets map a territory lying between latitude 37° 30' and 38° and longitude 122° and 122° 45'. Large parts of four of these sheets cover the waters of the Bay of San Francisco or of the adjacent Pacific Ocean. (See fig. 1.) Within the area mapped are the cities of San Francisco, Oakland, Berkeley, Alameda, Ban Rafael, and San Mateo, and many smaller towns and villages. These cities, which have a population aggregating about 750,000, together form the largest and most important center of commercial and industrial activity on the west coast of the United States. The natural advantages afforded by a great harbor, where the railways from the east meet the ships from all ports of the world, have determined the site of a flourishing cosmopolitan, commercial city on the shores of San Francisco Bay. The bay is encircled by hilly and mountainous country diversified by fertile valley lands and divides the territory mapped into two rather contrasted parts, the western part being again divided by the Golden Gate. It will therefore be convenient to sketch the geographic features under four headings (1) the area east of San Francisco Bay; (2) the San Francisco Peninsula; (3) the Marin Peninsula; (4) San Francisco Bay. (See fig. 2.)

  20. El juicio político en la Constitución paraguaya y la destitución del presidente Fernando Lugo = Impeachment, the paraguayan constitution, and the impeachment of president Fernando Lugo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David-Eleuterio Balbuena Pérez

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available El juicio político que tuvo lugar los días 21 y 22 de junio de 2012 en Paraguay, por el que fue separado del cargo el Presidente Fernando Lugo, estuvo marcado por la rapidez y la celeridad, lo que supuso una supresión del pleno ejercicio del derecho de defensa por parte del Presidente al haber sido destituido en tan solo 24 horas. En consecuencia, el debate suscitado reside en determinar si el juicio político es un verdadero juicio o proceso, si debe quedar amparado por el resto de garantías constitucionales como el derecho de defensa y el debido proceso, o si, por el contrario, al tratarse de una cuestión política, no debe estar revestido de dichas garantías pudiendo la Cámara de Senadores enjuiciar al Presidente de la República disponiendo libremente los plazos y demás solemnidades en cada caso concreto y sin que haya necesidad de acreditar las acusaciones que se formulan. Para dirimir la cuestión, en el presente artículo se analiza la figura del juicio político tal y como está regulada en la Constitución paraguaya y sus antecedentes, aportando algunos datos de Derecho comparado —en concreto la regulación del juicio político en Argentina— y las opiniones de la doctrina constitucionalista paraguaya sobre el contenido, naturaleza y alcance del juicio político. Se establecen previamente las nociones básicas acerca de la responsabilidad política y de los mecanismos de control en los sistemas parlamentarios y presidencialistas, resaltando sus diferencias esenciales, para posteriormente analizar, de forma pormenorizada, cada una de las fases del juicio político que terminó con la destitución de Lugo. También se estudian los medios de impugnación contra el juicio político en el ordenamiento paraguayo, analizando detenidamente las resoluciones de la Sala Constitucional de la Corte Suprema de Justicia dictadas en las dos acciones de inconstitucionalidad que el Presidente interpuso: una contra el reglamento que se dict

  1. Opportunities for involving men and families in chronic disease management: a qualitative study from Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fort, Meredith P; Castro, Maricruz; Peña, Liz; López Hernández, Sergio Hernán; Arreola Camacho, Gabriel; Ramírez-Zea, Manuel; Martínez, Homero

    2015-10-05

    A healthy lifestyle intervention was implemented in primary care health centers in urban parts of Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas, Mexico with an aim of reducing cardiovascular disease risk for patients with type 2 diabetes and/or hypertension. During implementation, research questions emerged. Considerably fewer men participated in the intervention than women, and an opportunity was identified to increase the reach of activities aimed at improving disease self-management through strategies involving family members. A qualitative study was conducted to identify strategies to involve men and engage family members in disease management and risk reduction. Nine men with hypertension and/or type 2 diabetes with limited to no participation in disease self-management and health promotion activities, six families in which at least one family member had a diagnosis of one or both conditions, and nine health care providers from four different government health centers were recruited for the study. Participants took part in semi-structured interviews. During interviews with families, genograms and eco-maps were used to diagram family composition and structure, and capture the nature of patients' relationships to the extended family and community resources. Transcripts were coded and a general inductive analytic approach was used to identify themes related to men's limited participation in health promotion activities, family support and barriers to disease management, and health care providers' recommendations. Participants reported barriers to men's participation in chronic disease management and healthy lifestyle education activities that can be grouped into two categories: internal and external factors. Internal factors are those for which they are able to make the decision on their own and external factors are those that are not related solely to their decision to take part or not. Four primary aspects were identified related to families' relationships with disease: different

  2. Sedimentation in Rio La Venta Canyon in Netzahualcoyotl Reservoir, Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    de La Fuente, J. A.; Lisle, T.; Velasquez, J.; Allison, B. L.; Miller, A.

    2002-12-01

    Sedimentation of Rio La Venta as it enters the Netzahualcoyotl Reservoir in Chiapas, Mexico, threatens a unique part of the aquatic ecosystem. Rio La Venta enters the reservoir via a narrow canyon about 16 km long with spectacular, near-vertical limestone bluffs up to 320 m high and inhabited by the flora and fauna of a pristine tropical forest. Karst terrain underlies most of the Rio La Venta basin in the vicinity of the reservoir, while deeply weathered granitic terrain underlies the Rio Negro basin, and the headwaters of the Rio La Venta to the south. The Rio Negro joins Rio La Venta 3 km downstream of the upper limit of the reservoir and delivers the bulk of the total clastic sediment (mostly sand and finer material). The canyon and much of the contributing basin lie within the Reserva de la Biosfera, Selva El Ocote, administered by the Comision Nacional de Areas Naturales Protegidas, part of the Secretaria de Medioambiente y Recursos Naturales. The Klamath National Forest Forest has cooperated with its Mexican counterparts since 1993 in natural resource management, neo-tropical bird inventories, wildfire management, and more recently in watershed analyses. Rates of sedimentation are estimated from bathymetric surveys conducted in March, 2002. A longitudinal profile down the inundated canyon during a high reservoir level shows an inflection from a slope of 0.0017 to one of 0.0075 at 7.2 km downstream of the mouth of Rio Negro. The bed elevation at this point corresponds to the lowest reservoir level, suggesting that the gentler sloping bed upstream is formed by fluvial processes during drawdown and that downstream by pluvial processes. Using accounts that boats could access Rio Negro during low water levels in 1984, we estimate an annual sedimentation rate of roughly 3 million cubic meters per year. This suggests that boats might no longer be able to access the most spectacular section of canyon upstream of Rio Negro within a decade, depending on how the

  3. Cultural significance of wild mammals in Mayan and mestizo communities of the Lacandon Rainforest, Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Del Valle, Yasminda; Naranjo, Eduardo J; Caballero, Javier; Martorell, Carlos; Ruan-Soto, Felipe; Enríquez, Paula L

    2015-05-07

    Several ethnobiology studies evaluate the cultural significance (CS) of plants and mushrooms. However, this is not the case for mammals. It is important to make studies of CS allowing the comparison of cultural groups because the value given to groups of organisms may be based on different criteria. Such information would be valuable for wildlife preservation plans. In this study, the most culturally significant species of mammals from the Lacandon Rainforest (Chiapas, Mexico) for people from two Mayan-Lacandon and mestizo communities were identified. The reasons behind the CS of the studied species were explored and the existence of differences among the cultural groups was evaluated. One hundred ninety-eight semi-structured and structured interviews were applied to compile socio-demographic information, qualitative data on CS categories, and free listings. Frequency of mention was a relative indicator to evaluate the CS of each species of mammal. Comparison of responses between communities was carried out through multivariate analyses. The non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the number of mentioned species by Lacandons and mestizos as well as different responses in the qualitative categories. A χ2 test was used to compare frequency of categories. 38 wild mammal species were identified. The classification and Principal Components Analyses show an apparent separation between Lacandon and mestizo sites based on the relative importance of species. All four communities mentioned the lowland paca the most, followed by peccary, white-tailed deer, armadillo, and jaguar. No significant difference was found in the number of mentioned species between the two groups. Eight CS categories were identified. The most important category was "harmful mammals", which included 28 species. Other relevant categories were edible, medicinal, and appearing in narratives. The data obtained in this study demonstrates the existence of differential cultural patterns in the

  4. San Isidoro Schools in Padul, Granada, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafuente-Bolívar, Francisco Javier; Santiago Zaragoza, Juan Manuel; Fernández-Adarve, Gabriel; María Cruz-Valdivieso, Ana

    2017-10-01

    The small and unique building of “Las Escuelas de San Isidoro”, erected in Padul at the beginning of the 20th century, is a clear example of the new architectural type of the innovative educational model created in Granada by Father Manjón. That model supposed a radical change for the methods of the Spanish teaching and it was the origin of the current educational system. Andrés Manjón y Manjón (1846-1923), priest, jurist and pedagogue, broke with traditional pedagogy and revolutionized the old-fashion model of education that was in vogue until that moment and universalized and socialized education. That pioneer model promoted an education based on aptitudes and faculties, using games and practice, addressed to all ages and social classes, in conjunction with nature. Outdoor education should be used wherever possible. In a historical context of profound social changes, this typology was the answer to the new educational needs using a “spearing” architectural language based on a constructive system that was both efficient and economic: Spanish Regionalism. It was a new style from the first third of the 20th century that recreated historical forms. It was far from the breakthrough modern movement that, at that time, it took place in central Europe. However, the model of the Manjonian School runs away from historicist models and remains in the simplicity of brick-faced walls or brick-wrapping walls and masonry drawers, with no more decorative concession that window lintels, jambs and sill jut out. The façades highlight made with simple semicircular arches and some glazed ceramics. Wooden rounded slabs supported on walls and simple wooden cover structures. The steel was barely used in metal structural slabs and brick, and even less on the roof. Architects like Francisco Jiménez Arévalo, Juan Montserrat Pons or Fernando Wilhelmi Manzano will be the architects of this type of architecture that has as a mark of identity the massive use of brick in load

  5. Demographic, health services and socio-economic factors associated with pulmonary tuberculosis mortality in Los Altos Region of Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nájera-Ortiz, J C; Sánchez-Pérez, H J; Ochoa-Díaz, H; Arana-Cedeño, M; Lezama, Ma Salazar; Mateo, M Martín

    2008-08-01

    Chiapas is one of the Mexican states having the highest rates of Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB), due to the numerous factors impeding its management and control (poverty, poor housing and nutrition, shortage of health resources, among others). To analyse the PTB mortality of a cohort of patients in Los Altos Region of Chiapas, who had been diagnosed with PTB from January 1, 1998 to December 31, 2002; and, to identify demographic, socioeconomic and health services utilization factors, associated with death from PTB. Analysis of a cohort of patients aged over 14 years diagnosed with PTB in the above mentioned period (n = 431) in Los Altos region of Chiapas. The records of the Tuberculosis Programme were reviewed, and patients were located through a search attempting to locate them in their homes. Those found alive were interviewed and asked to provide sputum samples. In the case of deceased patients, a verbal autopsy was obtained from a member of their family. The records of the PTB Programme in the area were incomplete and erroneous in many cases. The results of the home follow-up visits were: 208 (48%) patients located alive, five of whom were still PTB positive (three with multi-drug resistance); 145 (34%) could not be located and 78 (18%) had already died. Apparently, in at least 40 cases, the deaths were associated with PTB. Of these forty, 33 (83%) died without having received any medical care. The factors associated with dying from PTB were: 45 and over years of age (OR = 1.3; 95% CI = 0.98-1.3), 0-3 schooling years (OR = 3.3; 95% CI = 1.1-9.6), engaged in agriculture (OR = 2.2; 95% CI = 1.1-4.4), not living in main villages of their municipality (OR = 1.2; 95% CI = 1.0-1.3), living in a rural community (OR = 2.7; 95% CI = 1.1-6.8), not having been treated in DOTS (OR = 1.2; 95% CI = 1.0-1.3) and having defaulted from treatment (OR = 11.5; 95% CI = 5.3-24.8). The high rate of mortality due to PTB observed constitutes a serious public health problem deserving

  6. Calidad bacteriológica del agua para consumo humano en zonas de alta marginación de Chiapas Bacteriological quality of drinking water in areas of high levels of poverty in Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Javier Sánchez-Pérez

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analizar la calidad bacteriológica del agua (CBA para consumo humano y su relación con diarreas y enteroparasitosis en niños de 1 a 14 años en comunidades de alta marginación socioeconómica de Chiapas, México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: En una muestra aleatoria de 99 viviendas de la Región Fronteriza de Chiapas, de marzo a septiembre de 1998, se recolectaron muestras de agua para consumo humano, se indagó sobre diarreas en los últimos 15 días y se recolectaron muestras de heces de 322 niños de 1 a 14 años. La CBA se determinó mediante la técnica de filtración por membranas y las enteroparasitosis por el método de Faust. Se utilizó el estadístico ji² para el análisis de la CBA con relación a los diversos factores analizados. RESULTADOS: Sólo 31% de las muestras de agua fueron aptas para consumo humano. La CBA y la presencia de diarreas referida por las madres de los menores no mostraron asociación. Los niños con mala CBA en sus viviendas mostraron mayor prevalencia de Entamoeba histolytica y mayor tendencia a estar parasitados. CONCLUSIONES: Es necesario desarrollar medidas que mejoren la CBA y campañas de educación que incrementen el uso de agua hervida, su manejo adecuado y el cuidado de las fuentes de abastecimiento comunitarias.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the bacteriological quality of drinking water (BQDW and its association with diarrhoea and intestinal parasites in children 1 to 14 years old, in areas of high levels of poverty in Chiapas, Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From March to September 1998, drinking water was collected from a random sample of 99 households in the Border Region of Chiapas, Mexico; data on diarrhoeal disease (in the past 15 days were collected and stool testing for intestinal parasites was performed in children 1 to 14 years old (n= 322. The BQDW was determined by the filtration membrane technique. Intestinal parasitic infections were determined by the Faust Method. The chi² statistic was

  7. Caracterización de la ganadería de doble propósito en una región de Chiapas, México / Characterization of dual purpose livestock in a Region of Chiapas Mexico

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    Miguel Ángel Orantes-Zebadúa

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del estudio fue caracterizar el sistema de ganado bovino de Doble Propósito (DP de la región 01 Centro de Chiapas, México y los factores socioeconómicos, tecnológicos y comerciales que limitan la producción. El estudio se desarrollo de octubre de 2007 a mayo de 2008. Se aplicó una encuesta aleatoria de 246 productores de una población de 1240 productores, correspondientes a nueve municipios de los 22 que conforma la región 01 Centro de Chiapas. Se analizaron variables cuantitativas, calculando medias aritméticas y porcentajes. En las variables cualitativas se realizaron tablas de frecuencias. Los datos fueron analizados utilizando el paquete estadístico Statistic® 6.0. Los resultados del estudio mostraron que la edad promedio de los productores fue de 50 años y con nivel de estudio de sexto de primaria promedio, 62 % son pequeños propietarios con un promedio de 26 ha y los ejidatarios representan solo 38 % con un promedio de 10 ha. La genética de los hatos está formada de ganado cebú/suizo (63 %, el ingreso económico es la ordeña (67 %, con producción promedio diario del hato de 54 I y el precio de venta del litro de leche a $2.62. Así mismo, 61 % de los productores realizan la comercialización de ganado y leche en el rancho. Aún no existe la organización empresarial y no han innovado tecnología para mejorar los procesos de comercialización.

  8. Anti-tuberculosis treatment defaulting: an analysis of perceptions and interactions in Chiapas, Mexico Abandono del tratamiento antituberculosis: un análisis de percepciones e interacciones en Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivett Reyes-Guillén

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To analyze the perceptions and interactions of the actors involved in anti-tuberculosis treatment, and to explore their influence in treatment defaulting in Los Altos region of Chiapas, Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From November 2002 to August 2003, in-depth interviews were administered to patients with PTB, patients' family members, institutional physicians, community health coordinators, and traditional medicine practitioners. RESULTS: We found different perceptions about PTB between patients and their families and among health personnel, as well as communication barriers between actors. Defaulting is considered to be mainly due to the treatment's adverse effects. CONCLUSIONS: It is necessary to conduct research and interventions in the studied area with the aim of changing perceptions, improving sensitization, quality and suitability of management of patients with PTB in a multicultural context, and promoting collaboration between institutional and traditional medicine.OBJETIVO: Analizar percepciones e interacciones entre actores involucrados en el tratamiento antituberculosis y su influencia en el abandono del tratamiento en los Altos de Chiapas, México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: De noviembre 2002 a agosto 2003, se realizaron entrevistas a profundidad a pacientes con TBP, familiares, médicos institucionales, coordinadores comunitarios de salud y médicos tradicionales. RESULTADOS: Se encontraron diferentes percepciones entre los pacientes y sus familiares, respecto a las del personal de salud, así como barreras de comunicación entre los distintos actores. Los efectos adversos del tratamiento antituberculosis, son consideradas como una de las principales causas de su abandono. CONCLUSIONES: Es necesario que en la región estudiada se realicen investigaciones e intervenciones encaminadas a: cambiar percepciones y mejorar la sensibilidad, calidad y adecuación del manejo de pacientes con TBP en contextos multiculturales, así como

  9. Seroprevalence of human Trypanosoma cruzi infection in diferent geografic zones of Chiapas, Mexico Soroprevalência da infecção humana pelo Trypanosoma cruzi em diferentes regiões de Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Angel Mazariego-Arana

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available A serologic survey was carried out in four different geographic zones of Chiapas, Mexico. A total of 1,333 samples were collected from residents of thirteen communities located on the Coast, Central Mountain, Lacandon Forest and a zone called Mesochiapas. One hundred and fifty one seropositive individuals (11.3% were identified. Human Trypanosoma cruzi infection was influenced by geography. In the Lacandon Forest and Central Mountains there was a higher seroprevalence 32.1 and 13.8% respectively, than on the coast (1.2%. In Mesochiapas there were no seropositive individuals among the 137 persons tested. An active transmission is probably continuing because seropositive cases (13.8% were detected in children under 10 years of age. The vector recognized on the Coast was Triatoma dimidiata while in the Lacandon Forest it was Rhodnius prolixus.Foi feito um estudo sorológico em quatro zonas geográficas do estado de Chiapas México. Foram colhidas 1333 amostras dos habitantes das 13 comunidades situadas na costa, na região central montanhosa, na floresta lacandona e na região chamada mesochiapas. Cento cinqüenta e uma pessoas (11,3% foram identificadas como soropositivas. A infecção pelo Trypanosoma cruzi teve a influência da geografia local. Na floresta lacandona nas montanhas centrais, foi encontrada uma prevalência de 32,1 e 13,8% respectivamente, mais que na costa 1,2%. Na zona de mesochiapas não foi encontrada nenhuma pessoa com sorologia positiva entre 137 estudadas. Como encontramos sorologia positiva em crianças menores de 10 anos, pensamos que exista uma transmissão ativa contínua. Na costa foi reconhecido o vetor Triatoma dimidiata e na floresta Lacandona o Rhodnius prolixus.

  10. 76 FR 1386 - Safety Zone; Centennial of Naval Aviation Kickoff, San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-10

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; Centennial of Naval Aviation Kickoff, San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA AGENCY: Coast... zone on the navigable waters of San Diego Bay in San Diego, CA in support of the Centennial of Naval... February 12, 2010, the Centennial of Naval Aviation Kickoff will take place in San Diego Bay. In support of...

  11. Riparian Habitat - San Joaquin River

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Natural Resource Agency — The immediate focus of this study is to identify, describe and map the extent and diversity of riparian habitats found along the main stem of the San Joaquin River,...

  12. El nomadismo latinoamericano o la búsqueda del vínculo con el origen (una reflexión sobre El viaje de Fernando Solanas)

    OpenAIRE

    Aleksandra Jablonska

    2012-01-01

    En el artículo se analiza El viaje de Fernando Solanas como una película alegórica en que la metáfora del viaje, frecuentemente usada en los cines latinoamericanos, en esta ocasión parece apuntar hacia una reflexión sobre un continente marcado por el colonialismo y el neocolonialismo, sangrientas dictaduras y represión, corrupción generalizada y especulación desmedida. Se trata, en definitiva, de una reflexión sobre la historia que no es de progreso sino de la decadencia y de la fugacidad, un...

  13. El escrito autobiográfico de Fernando Álvarez de Albornoz y la guerra civil castellana (1366-1371)

    OpenAIRE

    Valdaliso, Covadonga; Furtado, Rodrigo

    2013-01-01

    En la segunda mitad del siglo XIV, Fernando Álvarez de Albornoz escribió un texto autobiográfico en latín en la hoja de guarda de un códice del Decreto de Graciano. Parte de este texto es un relato de la guerra civil castellana (1366-1371), probablemente basado en la información que le llegó a Italia a través de cartas enviadas a él o a alguno de sus familiares. Así, puede ser estudiado como fuente primaria o como escrito historiográfico. En este estudio el texto es transcri...

  14. Don Fernando José López de Cárdenas, descubridor del Arte Rupestre Esquemático (1783

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gratiniano NIETO GALLO

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Fue en 1783 cuando en realidad podemos decir que comienza la Historia del Arte Rupestre esquemático peninsular con el descubrimiento que de él hizo don Fernando José López de Cárdenas, en la Peña Escrita y en La Batanera de Fuencaliente, noticia de la que dio puntual referencia al Conde de Floridablanca con quien mantenía correspondencia regular en su calidad de pensionado que era de S.M. para colaborar en la recogida de minerales para el Real Gabinete de Historia Natural.

  15. Caracterização e classificação de cambissolos do arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, Pernambuco

    OpenAIRE

    Marques,Flávio Adriano; Ribeiro,Mateus Rosas; Bittar,Sheila Maria Bretas; Lima Neto,José de Almeida; Lima,José Fernando Wanderley Fernandes

    2007-01-01

    Este trabalho visou caracterizar e classificar Cambissolos de ocorrência comum no Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, com o objetivo de testar e contribuir para o desenvolvimento do Sistema Brasileiro de Classificação de Solos (SiBCS). Além disso, uma melhor compreensão desses solos e de sua distribuição na paisagem é de grande importância no planejamento do uso da terra, para nortear ações governamentais visando à exploração sustentável desse complexo turístico-ecológico. Com base no Mapa De...

  16. [Behavioral response of Anopheles albimanus to volatile compounds collected inside houses from the south of Chiapas, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ríos-Delgado, Silvany Mayoly; Rodríguez-Ramírez, Américo David; Cruz-López, Leopoldo; Escobar-Pérez, Luis Alonso; Aburto-Juárez, Ma de Lourdes; Torres-Estrada, José Luis

    2008-01-01

    To determine effects of volatile compounds in homes on the behavioral response of Anopheles albimanus. The study was conducted in January 2006, in the village of Nueva Independencia village, Suchiate, Chiapas. Volatile compounds were collected inside homes and the extracts were tested on unfed females in a Y-olfactometer. Extracts were analyzed in a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry system (GC-MS). Twenty eight extracts were obtained, twelve presented attraction and two repellency responses. GC-MS analyses of the extracts indicated variation in the volatile compound present in the extracts, but could not associated specific compounds with any particular effect. Within homes, volatiles presented attraction and repellency responses to An. albimanus. A definate pattern concerning the presence of a characteristic chemical compound and the observed response was not found.

  17. “Progresa” y el empoderamiento de las mujeres: estudio de caso en Vista Hermosa, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Meza Ojeda

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo pretende hacer una revisión y analizar las corresponsabilidades que lleva a cabo el Programa de Educación, Salud y Alimentación (Progresa enfocada a la creación de condiciones de posibilidad que pudiesen estar incrementando rasgos de empoderamiento en las mujeres beneficiarias del programa, a partir del modelo tridimensional de Rowlands. Es un estudio de caso realizado en una comunidad de los Altos de Chiapas. El estudio gira en torno a la discusión actual respecto a las políticas públicas con perspectiva de género, el combate a la pobreza y la articulación con procesos de empoderamiento de las beneficiarias. El análisis de los resultados se realizó contrastando las bases de sustento del programa con la tríada dimensional de Rowlands y los rasgos que potencian el empoderamiento.

  18. Socio-spatial gender relations and women’s participation in the Maize Merged with Fruit Trees Project in Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arli Juárez Paulín

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes from a spatial and gender perspective the experience of the “Maize Merged with Fruit Trees” project in Chiapas, Mexico. Its objective is to make visible the ways in which gender relations materialize in space and are translated into opportunities and/or socio-territorial boundaries for women’s participation in production support programs. A qualitative methodology was used that included: participant observation, interviews, participatory workshops and participatory mapping. The results show the duality of processes that women face as a consequence of their incorporation into the project, as while they question and renegotiate their gendered situations, they also face subordination associated with the superficial role for women reproduced within the same organizational dynamic.

  19. Género, leña y sostenibilidad: el caso de una comunidad de los Altos de Chiapas

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    Denise Soares

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyse the strategies of use and management of firewood by the families in Pozuelos, a community of the municipality of Chamula, located in the Altos de Chiapas. We also explain the factors that promote or hinder the acceptance of alternative technologies that aim to reduce the consumption of firewood among rural families and thus decrease the female workload and increase the conservation of the woods. The analysis is focussed on the times and workloads of bio-fuel supply as well as on the complementarity of functions in the domestic nucleus for the collection of the resource and on the factors that interfere with technology appropriation, in this case wood-saving stoves. This work identifies the role of the women as administrators of the forestal resources for energy purposes and points out the factors that restrict the acceptance of technological changes as sociocultural, economical, climatic and technical.

  20. Inmigración, emigración y tránsito migratorio en Chiapas: un bosquejo general

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    María Eugenia Anguiano Téllez

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Se explora la condición actual del estado de Chiapas como territorio de inmigración nacional y extranjera, como entidad expulsora de migrantes al resto del país y Estados Unidos, y como espacio y trayecto de tránsito migratorio de guatemaltecos y migrantes de otras nacionalidades. Para ello, se analiza información que proporcionan el Instituto Nacional de Geografía, Estadística e Informática, el Consejo Nacional de Población, el Instituto Nacional de Migración y dos encuestas de flujos migratorios en las que participa El Colegio de la Frontera Norte.

  1. Navigating and circumventing a fragmented health system: the patient's pathway in the Sierra Madre Region of Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molina, Rose Leonard; Palazuelos, Daniel

    2014-03-01

    Mexico has implemented several important reforms in how health care for its poorest is financed and delivered. Seguro Popular, in particular, a recently implemented social insurance program, aims to provide new funds for a previously underfunded state-based safety net system. Through in-depth ethnographic structured interviews with impoverished farmers in the state of Chiapas, this article presents an analysis of Seguro Popular from the perspective of a highly underserved beneficiary group. Specific points of tension among the various stakeholders--the government system (including public clinics, hospitals, and vertical programs), community members, private doctors, and pharmacies--are highlighted and discussed. Ethnographic data presented in this article expose distinct gaps between national health policy rhetoric and the reality of access to health services at the community level in a highly marginalized municipality in one of Mexico's poorest states. These insights have important implications for the structure and implementation of on-going reforms. © 2014 by the American Anthropological Association.

  2. Artesanas y artesanías: indígenas y mestizas de Chiapas construyendo espacios de cambio

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    María Teresa Ramos Maza

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este artículo es mostrar que las mujeres indígenas artesanas y comerciantes mestizas de los Altos de Chiapas, han creado una nueva artesanía textil que se ha originado a partir de la conjunción de creatividades, intereses y habilidades de las artesanas tseltales y las comerciantes mestizas. Una de sus consecuencias es que se ha creado un espacio a través del cual han obtenido una mayor capacidad de tomar decisiones al interior de la familia, de manejar y controlar recursos, y de participar en la actividad política de sus localidades.

  3. Traditional knowledge on integrated pest and weed management in chayote (Sechium edule (Jacq. Sw. crops from localities of Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Alfredo Rodríguez-Larramendi

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This research was carried out in Villaflores and Villa Corzo, located in Chiapas State of Mexico. Specifically, throughout an ethno-agronomical approach, semi-structured interviews were designed and applied to the chayote producers who were selected by random routes. The results indicate the 57.89% of chayote producers in both municipalities, have allowed to control weeds in their crops, and being a higher proportion represented by Villaflores. Given these concerns, they prefer to control weeds throughout traditional methods, basically using mattocks with frequencies of 15 to 30 days after sowing or two to four times per cycle of crop production. Both pest and diseases are mainly controlled throughout chemical methods application. A preference to perform control among periods of higher rainfall or drought is not distinguished. A considerable percentage, which reaches 44% of the interviewed population among both municipalities, report they do not need to control pests and crop diseases.

  4. Simulation of the concentration of SO{sub 2} issued by major stationary sources in 2003 in northwestern Chiapas and central Tabasco, Mexico; Simulacion de la concentracion de SO{sub 2} emitido por fuentes fijas mayores durante 2003 en el noroeste de Chiapas y centro de Tabasco, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valdes Manzanilla, Arturo [Division Academica de Ciencias Biologicas, UJAT, Villahermosa, Tabasco (Mexico)]. E-mail: avmanzanilla@hotmail.com; Fernandez Garcia, German [Universidad Autonoma de Guadalajara Campus Tabasco, Villahermosa, Tabasco (Mexico); Ramos Herrera, Sergio [Division Academica de Ciencias Biologicas, UJAT, Villahermosa, Tabasco (Mexico); Bautista Margulis, Raul G. [Division Academica de Ciencias Biologicas, UJAT, Villahermosa, Tabasco (Mexico)

    2008-05-15

    The CALPUFF dispersion model was used to simulate the spatial distribution of the SO{sub 2} emitted by Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) gas-processing complexes in Cactus, NW Chiapas, Nuevo PEMEX and Ciudad PEMEX, in central Tabasco, during 2003. It was found that the zone with the highest concentrations of SO{sub 2} is located SW from the PEMEX facilities. The zone, where the World Health Organization's norm for SO{sub 2} is surpassed (20 {mu}g/m{sup 3}), includes the city of Reforma, Chiapas and Ciudad PEMEX, Tabasco. [Spanish] El modelo de dispersion CALPUFF fue usado para simular la distribucion espacial de la concentracion de SO{sub 2} emitido por los complejos procesadores de gas de Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) en Cactus, en el noroeste de Chiapas, Nuevo PEMEX y Ciudad PEMEX, en el centro de Tabasco, durante 2003. Se encontro que la zona con mayor concentracion de SO{sub 2} esta localizada al suroeste de las instalaciones de la empresa petrolera. La zona, donde la norma de la Organizacion Mundial de la Salud para el SO{sub 2} es sobrepasada (20 {mu}g/m{sup 3}), incluye la ciudad de Reforma, Chiapas y Ciudad PEMEX, Tabasco.

  5. Extraterrestres en el imaginario New Age: redes de espiritualidad y utopía desde San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astrid Maribel Pinto Durán

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Una alusión constante de redes consideradas New Age es la existencia de extraterrestres y el vínculo que sostienen haber desarrollado con ellos. Este tema es parte constitutiva de un trabajo imaginativo utópico producido por una red que se autonombra Guerreros de Luz y defiende el advenimiento de una nueva era. El extraterrestre funge como alteridad, como un punto de ruptura epistemológica desde el cual se juzga el mundo en que vivimos. El presente es un estudio interpretativo de la labor de una red que intenta imaginar, con un lenguaje metafórico, otras posibilidades de realidad.

  6. La identidad gótica y la lógica de mercado en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Bolaños Gordillo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza cómo, a pesar de sus posiciones críticas y de su discurso de corte autónomo e individualista, el movimiento gótico no escapa a la lógica del mercado. También se verá que existen cierto tipo de productos entre vestimenta, accesorios, maquillaje, libros, discos, cinematografía de terror, entre otros, que circulan en el “mercado oscuro” con la bandera de la alternatividad, y que homogeneizan sus comportamientos de consumo. El análisis aborda cómo este movimiento de corte autónomo se fue transformando en una moda que instituyó cierto tipo de ideas ligadas a patrones de consumo.

  7. Percepciones de adultos con sobrepeso y obesidad y su influencia en el control de peso en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nisadó Paloma Sofía Matus Lerma

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de la investigación fue analizar los factores que contribuyen a la autopercepción de la figura corporal, la enfermedad y los há- bitos alimenticios en personas con sobrepeso u obesidad. Además, comprender cómo las percepciones influyeron en la motivación y acciones relacionadas con el control de peso. El estudio se realizó mediante un encuadre metodológico que combinó aspectos de tipo cualitativo y cuantitativo para identificar factores socioculturales que limitan el control de peso. Algunos factores socioculturales que in- fluyen en el control de peso son: la autopercepción de la figura corporal, de la enfermedad y su riesgo en ausencia de síntomas o molestias, la subestimación del exceso de peso y del riesgo de éste, control de alimentos por cuestiones emocionales y la importancia de la influencia familiar.

  8. 78 FR 53243 - Safety Zone; TriRock San Diego, San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ... this rule because the logistical details of the San Diego Bay triathlon swim were not finalized nor... September 22, 2013. (c) Definitions. The following definition applies to this section: Designated...

  9. Vitalidad etnolingüística, medios de comunicación e identidad étnica. Un estudio con grupos indígenas de Chiapas

    OpenAIRE

    Viladot Presas, Maria Àngels; Gasiorek, Jessica; Esteban, Moisès; Giles, Howard

    2011-01-01

    Aquest estudi representa la primera exploració de l'ús de la televisió i la selecció de programes per part de grups d'indígenes a Chiapas. Més concretament, s'examina com els membres d'aquests grups seleccionen canals i programes específics dels mitjans de comunicació per raons d'etnicitat, i com això té a veure amb estratègies de mobilitat social. Les dades de 173 indígenes estudiants de la universitat Intercultural de Chiapas van indicar que per a 77 membres d'aquesta mostra, veure la telev...

  10. Acción pública y desarrollo social en el sureste de México: la Agenda Chiapas-ONU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Rodríguez Castillo

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available En esta colaboración presento diferentes interpretaciones y acciones en torno a la Agenda Chiapas-ONU, sustentada idealmente en los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio. La estrategia de comunicación social del gobierno del estado generó una relación metonímica entre esta política y el programa Ciudades Rurales Sustentables. Desde una perspectiva antropológica, documento los conocimientos y valoraciones, así como los comportamientos de diversos agentes, que se alinean en torno a proyectos a favor o en contra de esas políticas —la Agenda Chiapas-ONU y el programa Ciudades Rurales Sustentables—.

  11. Entre el textil y el ámbar: Las funciones psicosociales del trabajo artesanal en artesanos tsotsiles de La Ilusión, Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perla Shiomara Del Carpio Ovando

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to study the psychosocial functions of the artisan work made by indigenous artisans from a Tsotsil community in Chiapas, Mexico. The analysis of handicrafts encourages reflection on economic aspects in intimate relation with cultural and psychosocial elements. It is argued that those who work on the production of handicrafts face many difficulties such as precariousness, little social recognition, discrimination and exclusion. Despite this all, handicrafts contribute to the economic, social and cultural reproduction of those who make them. Also, handicrafts are privileged elements as they are vehicles of multiple social, historical and group belonging meanings through which is possible to “track” processes of social transformation. Based on the findings obtained while conducting field work in Chiapas, a model of the psychosocial functions of the indigenous artisan work is proposed in this dissertation.

  12. Programa de investigación interdisciplinario: desarrollo humano en Chiapas, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana (UAM), México

    OpenAIRE

    Cortez Ruiz, Carlos

    2006-01-01

    En el estado de Chiapas se sintetizan algunos de los problemas más complejos a los que se enfrenta la sociedad mexicana en la búsqueda de una vía de desarrollo humano sostenible: • El estado tiene los más bajos niveles nacionales de desarrollo humano. • Existe una creciente polarización social y pobreza (amplios sectores de la población se enfrentan a la exclusión social, económica y política). • En Chiapas el 64,62% de la población es indígena. • Existe desde 1994 un conflict...

  13. Trabalhismo, reforma agrária, legislação para as populações rurais: uma abordagem do projeto político de Fernando Ferrari

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    Ricardo Oliveira da Silva

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available No presente texto, apresentamos uma abordagem introdutória do projeto político de Fernando Ferrari para a questão agrária. Ao longo da década de 1950 e começo dos anos de 1960, esse autor participou das discussões em torno dos problemas rurais brasileiros com base na doutrina trabalhista, desenvolvida por Alberto Pasqualini. Nesse sentido, destacamos o projeto trabalhista defendido por Fernando Ferrari para o campo mediante dois temas constantes em seus escritos: a reforma agrária e a legislação para a população rural.

  14. Caracterização e classificação de Neossolos da Ilha de Fernando de Noronha (PE Characterization and classification of Neosols on the Fernando de Noronha Island, Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Adriano Marques

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Na ilha principal do Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, condições peculiares de clima tropical, com franco domínio oceânico, e material de origem de natureza vulcânica contribuem para formação de solos pouco desenvolvidos, de especial interesse científico, particularmente no que tange à reestruturação do Sistema Brasileiro de Classificação de Solos (SiBCS. Com o objetivo de estudá-los, foram caracterizados morfológica, física, química e mineralogicamente e classificados sete perfis de Neossolos de ocorrência comum nesse ambiente insular, sendo dois Litólicos, um "Saprolítico", três Regolíticos e um Flúvico. Os Neossolos Litólicos apresentam contato lítico constituído por fragmentos de rocha a menos de 50 cm de profundidade. O Neossolo "Saprolítico" apresenta o contato lítico superior aos 50 cm de profundidade, porém precedido por rochas parcialmente decompostas (saprolito, que preservam ainda sua estrutura original. Os Neossolos Regolíticos estão relacionados aos depósitos sedimentares marinhos e são constituídos, predominantemente, por grãos bioclásticos carbonáticos. O Neossolo Flúvico, de origem colúvio-aluvial, apresenta camadas alternadas de materiais distintos, notoriamente, pela textura e mineralogia. Os Neossolos Litólicos foram adequadamente classificados segundo a nova versão do SiBCS (Embrapa, 2006, que inclui o subgrupo "fragmentário", sugerido durante o desenvolvimento deste trabalho. Os outros Neossolos não foram adequadamente enquadrados, ora por apresentarem características peculiares, ora pela ausência de termos mais apropriados, que melhor explicitassem suas características distintas. Sugere-se a inclusão no SiBCS da subordem dos Neossolos Saprolíticos, do grande grupo dos Neossolos Regolíticos Psamíticos, e dos subgrupos dos Neossolos Regolíticos Psamíticos bioclásticos carbonáticos e Neossolos Flúvicos Ta eutróficos bioclásticos carbonáticos.On the main island of the

  15. Una Normal y un Método. La iniciativa de Fray Matías de Córdova en Chiapas (1828

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    Morelos Torres Aguilar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El art culo es producto de una investigaci n m s amplia sobre las iniciativas de ense anza que fueron realizadas en el Estado de Chiapas, en M xico, durante el siglo XIX, y se centra en la idea que dio origen a la Escuela Normal de Ense anza Primaria, fundada en Ciudad Real por fray Mat as de C rdova en 1828. El principal objetivo de la investigaci n consiste en conocer, describir, analizar y comprender las principales caracter sticas de esta instituci n, as como el m todo de lectoescritura inventado por su fundador, el cual fue aplicado con xito en la misma. Un segundo prop sito consiste en contextualizar dicha escuela normal respecto a otras que surgieron en M xico durante el mismo per odo, como la de Oaxaca o Zacatecas. Por ltimo, se pretende relacionar esta iniciativa con las tendencias educativas de la poca, en particular con la Escuela Lancasteriana, y asimismo analizar su trascendencia. El m todo utilizado consisti en una UHYLVLyQ GRFXPHQWDO ELEOLRJUi FD \\ KHPHURJUi FD VREUH HO WHPD FRQ HO PDUFR te rico de la historia institucional, la nueva historia de las ideas pedag gicas -a partir del planteamiento de Antonio Novoa-, y un modelo hermen utico que permiti profundizar en las caracter sticas de la primera Normal de Chiapas. A partir de la investigaci n se puede concluir que aunque la Normal solo funcion durante un corto tiempo, el m todo de ense anza de Mat as de C rdova que le dio fundamento tuvo una amplia trascendencia, pues se sigui empleando a lo largo del siglo XIX e incluso a principios del XX, tanto en el Estado de Chiapas como en otros lugares de M xico. De esta manera, la investigaci n aporta conocimientos relevantes sobre la historia de la educaci n en el Estado de Chiapas en la primera mitad del siglo XIX.

  16. Entre el textil y el ámbar: Las funciones psicosociales del trabajo artesanal en artesanos tsotsiles de La Ilusión, Chiapas, México

    OpenAIRE

    Perla Shiomara Del Carpio Ovando

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this research is to study the psychosocial functions of the artisan work made by indigenous artisans from a Tsotsil community in Chiapas, Mexico. The analysis of handicrafts encourages reflection on economic aspects in intimate relation with cultural and psychosocial elements. It is argued that those who work on the production of handicrafts face many difficulties such as precariousness, little social recognition, discrimination and exclusion. Despite this all, handicrafts...

  17. Los Voluntarios de Fernando VII de Ciudad de México. ¿Baluarte de la capital y confianza del reino?

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    Ruiz de Gordejuela Urquijo, Jesús

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to approach Fernando VII’s Urban Militia Volunteers in Mexico City, firstly as shock troops in the coup of September 16, 1808 and two years later as a safe keeper in the viceregal capital until its dissolution on the eve of Mexican independence. Thanks to unpublished primary sources we have been able to delve into the life of this controversial military body marked by scandals and serious internal problems and discover if it really was the bulwark of the capital and the credibility of the kingdom as Viceroy Calleja, his colonel, intended.La presente investigación pretende acercarnos a la milicia urbana de los Voluntarios de Fernando VII de ciudad de México, en un primer momento como cuerpo de choque en el golpe de Estado del 16 de septiembre de 1808 y dos años después como garante de la seguridad de la capital virreinal hasta su disolución en vísperas de la independencia mexicana. Gracias a fuentes primarias inéditas hemos podido adentrarnos en la vida de este polémico cuerpo militar jalonado de escándalos y graves problemas internos y descubrir si realmente fueron el baluarte de la capital y la confianza del reino tal y como pretendió su coronel el virrey Calleja.

  18. is-à-vis : Antonio Tabucchi et Fernando Pessoa. Étude de la médiation culturelle dans les fictions biographiques d’Antonio Tabucchi

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    Audrey Lemieux

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Comment un écrivain écrit-il à propos d’un autre écrivain – non seulement l’histoire d’une vie, mais la singularité, la vérité particulière d’un homme ? Cet article examine les différentes stratégies par lesquelles l’écrivain-biographe Antonio Tabucchi, dans ses fictions biographiques, parvient à mettre en scène le personnage de Fernando Pessoa, malgré la distance qui les sépare – distance qui semble reposer, à première vue, sur des enjeux culturels, mais qui se révèle être essentiellement ontologique. How does one author undertake writing about another–not only in terms of recounting the story of a life, but also the singularity, the inner truth of a human being? This paper will explore the different strategies by means of which the author/biographer Antonio Tabucchi manages to portray the character of Fernando Pessoa in his biographical fictions, in spite of the distance between them–a distance that initially appears to be rooted in cultural issues, but later reveals itself to be of an essentially ontological order.

  19. Las olas embravecidas. La antropología propugnada en El engaño de las razas de Fernando Ortiz

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    Lastra de Matías, Gilles

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The following paper approaches Fernando Ortiz’s thought through his book El engaño de las razas (1946. The cuban author proposes an anthropology free from the distinctive and discriminatory criterion of races, free from the use of the word “race”. This work, which implies a decidedly critical conception of history, is linked to the reflection on “transculturation”, and in a certain extent, a continuation of it.

    El siguiente artículo estudia el pensamiento de Fernando Ortiz a través de su libro El engaño de las razas (1946. El autor cubano asienta las bases de una antropología libre del criterio distintivo y discriminatorio de las razas, libre del uso de la palabra “raza”. Esta obra, que supone una concepción plenamente crítica de la historia, resulta inseparable de la reflexión sobre la “transculturación”, y en cierta medida, la prolonga.

  20. Elementos poéticos de um conto de Caio Fernando Abreu e sua tradução para a língua inglesa

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    Lara Souto Santana

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Caio Fernando Abreu (1948-1996 tem sua obra composta predominantemente por contos. Este artigo pretende analisar os aspectos poéticos que perpassam um deles: “Sem Ana, blues”, publicado no livro Os dragões não conhecem o paraíso em 1988 e verificar de que forma sua tradução para língua inglesa – “Blues without Ana” –, feita por David Treece e publicada no livro Dragons... em 1990 na Inglaterra, foi apresentada ao leitor do conto na língua citada. Tais elementos fazem a narrativa ser mais que uma história sobre solidão. Lembramos ainda que nossas observações se darão sempre sob ponto de vista de leitores do texto em língua portuguesa. Palavras-chave: Sem Ana, Blues, Blues without Ana, Caio Fernando Abreu, tradução, Poesia.

  1. Autorretrato y viaje interior en el ensayo literario colombiano del siglo XX: Fernando González y Hernando Téllez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efrén Giraldo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo considera el autorretrato y el viaje interior, procedimientos introducidos por Michel de Montaigne, en dos escritores colombianos del siglo xx: Hernando Téllez y Fernando González. Se observan las estrategias de autofiguración y construcción de un relato que examina la propia vida, para mostrar la confluencia en ambos autores de una tradición de diarios y escrituras confesionales que se cruza con la crítica, la meditación, el fragmento y el ensayo. Se pretende señalar, con los casos estudiados, la importancia que los procesos de autofiguración tienen a la hora de indagar en la dimensión estética del género ensayístico en Colombia.This article considers self-portrait and inner journey, strategies created by Michel de Montaigne, in two representative XXth century Colombian writers: Fernando González and Hernando Téllez. It is intended to examine strategies in self figuration and narrative about the own life, in order to show the confluence of a tradition related to diaries and confessional writing, intersected by criticism, meditation, essay and fragment. Finally, the article tries to indicate, in both cases, how important self figuration is, in order to quest for aesthetic dimension of Colombian essay.

  2. Novos dados sobre os Spoligotypes de estirpes do complexo Mycobacterium tuberculosis isoladas no Hospital Fernando Fonseca (Amadora-Sintra, Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzana David

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: O presente estudo populacional, que decorreu entre 1999 e 2003, foi baseado na utilização do Spoligotyping na genotipagem de 452 isolados do complexo Mycobacterium tuberculosis de doentes com tuberculose internados no Hospital Fernando Fonseca. Spoligotypes foram identificados como shared types (ST recorrendo a uma base de dados internacional. Onze ST raros, não identificados na base de dados, acomodaram 8,4% dos isolados. Aliás, particular a Portugal poderá ser a predominância de ST identificados na base de dados mas não previamente classificados como famílias genotípicas, tais como o ST244, ST150 e ST389, representando 13,3 % do total. A identificação de isolados clínicos de M. africanum de genótipo Afri1 e de M. tuberculosis de genótipo CAS1 poderá confirmar a importação de isolados de origem africana e asiática. M. tuberculosis da família Beijing foi pela primeira vez por nós assinalado a partir de 1999. Desde então, o número de isolados provenientes do hospital passou de um para cinco, anualmente, representando actualmente 2,2%, o que a coloca em décimo lugar em prevalência. M. tuberculosis Beijing poderá corresponder a um problema emergente em Portugal devido à recente imigração proveniente da Europa Oriental e da Ásia. Outros genótipos, ST150 e ST389, mostraram um incremento, cujo significado não é claro. No entanto, as frequências relativas das famílias predominantes LAM, T1 e Haarlem mantiveram-se relativamente estáveis. O presente estudo confirma a variabilidade genética em Portugal dos isolados do complexo M. tuberculosis. Estes estudos poderão contribuir para a definição de prioridades nos programas nacionais de luta contra a tuberculose.Rev Port Pneumol 2005; XI (6: 513-531 Abstract: The present population study, from 1999 to 2003, has been based on the use of Spoligotyping in the genotyping of 452 isolates of

  3. El estudio de las percepciones de la gestión de la calidad del agua, una herramienta para fortalecer la participación pública en la microcuenca del río Fogótico, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mara Cristina Benez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Existen diferencias en las percepciones de los grupos sociales del tipo "político", "institucional" y "usuarios del agua" acerca de la gestión actual de la calidad del agua y la esperada a futuro, en la microcuenca del río Fogótico en San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas. El objetivo del presente artículo es mostrar estas discrepancias. Los resultados de la investigación, fundamentada en herramientas cualitativas, permitieron identificar la relación de dichos grupos con la desarticulación y omisión de acciones por parte de las autoridades responsables del manejo del agua, el marco legal en la materia, la organización de la comunidad y las cuestiones de género que también influyen. Lo anterior llevó a reflexionar sobre la contribución potencial de los estudios sobre las percepciones acerca del medio ambiente para la gestión de cuencas hidrográficas y la participación pública.

  4. La atención del parto en Chiapas, México: ¿dónde y quién los atiende Childbirth in Chiapas, Mexico: who provides delivery care and where?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Javier Sánchez-Pérez

    1998-11-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Identificar el sitio y el agente de atención del parto; analizar el agente de atención del parto según la atención prenatal (AP y factores sociodemográficos; identificar grupos con menor y mayor probabilidad de recibir atención por parte del personal de los servicios de salud; identificar los motivos de no atenderse en la unidad de salud más cercana al domicilio. Material y métodos. Se analizan datos sobre la atención del parto en 297 mujeres de la Región Fraylesca (Chiapas, usando modelos logit para la identificación de grupos. Resultados. El 32% de los partos ocurrieron en instituciones de salud, y 60%, en el hogar (mayoritariamente en condiciones higiénico-sanitarias desfavorables. Sólo 10% del grupo de mujeres con menos de cinco consultas de AP, una escolaridad menor al tercero de primaria y un jefe de hogar dedicado a labores agropecuarias, fue atendido por personal de salud. Conclusiones. Es necesario mejorar la cobertura, la aceptabilidad y la calidad de los servicios de salud e instrumentar un programa dirigido a incrementar el número de partos en condiciones higiénico-sanitarias adecuadas.Objective. To identify the place and provider of delivery care; to analyse the relationship between the type of delivery care provider and prenatal care and sociodemographic factors; to identify groups with greater and lesser probability of receiving attention at health centers and to identify the reasons for not attending the health center nearest to the household. Material and methods. Data on the delivery care of 297 women of La Fraylesca Region, Chiapas, were gathered using multivariate logit models to identify groups. Results. From the total, 32% of childbirths occurred at health centers and 60% at home (mostly with poor sanitary conditions. Only 10% of women with less than 5 prenatal visits, school level under 3 years and whose household head was a peasant were attended by health care personnel. Conclusions. The

  5. Respuesta de Anopheles albimanus a compuestos volátiles de casas del sur de Chiapas, México Behavioral response of Anopheles albimanus to volatile compounds collected inside houses from the south of Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvany Mayoly Ríos-Delgado

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar el efecto de los compuestos volátiles en las casas sobre la respuesta conductual del vector del paludismo Anopheles albimanus. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: El estudio se realizó en enero de 2006 en el ejido Nueva Independencia, municipio de Suchiate, Chiapas. Se colectaron compuestos volátiles dentro de casas y los extractos se probaron sobre hembras sin alimentar en un olfatómetro en "Y". Los extractos se analizaron mediante cromatografía de gases-espectrometría de masas (CG-EM. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvieron 28 extractos, 12 presentaron respuesta de atracción y dos de repelencia. Los análisis por CG-EM indicaron variación en la presencia de compuestos volátiles y no se vincularon con compuestos específicos indicativos de algún efecto. CONCLUSIONES: Los volátiles en casas presentaron efecto de atracción y repelencia para An. albimanus. No se reconoció un patrón definido en cuanto a la presencia de compuestos químicos característicos y la respuesta obtenida.OBJECTIVE: To determine effects of volatile compounds in homes on the behavioral response of Anopheles albimanus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in January 2006, in the village of Nueva Independencia village, Suchiate, Chiapas. Volatile compounds were collected inside homes and the extracts were tested on unfed females in a Y-olfactometer. Extracts were analyzed in a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry system (GC-MS. RESULTS: Twenty eight extracts were obtained, twelve presented attraction and two repellency responses. GC-MS analyses of the extracts indicated variation in the volatile compound present in the extracts, but could not associated specific compounds with any particular effect. CONCLUSIONS: Within homes, volatiles presented attraction and repellency responses to An. albimanus. A definate pattern concerning the presence of a characteristic chemical compound and the observed response was not found.

  6. Percepciones y prácticas relacionadas con la tuberculosis y la adherencia al tratamiento en Chiapas, México Perceptions and practices of tuberculosis patients and non-adherence to therapy in Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guadalupe del Carmen Alvarez-Gordillo

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Conocer las percepciones y prácticas que los enfermos de tuberculosis tienen sobre la enfermedad y la adherencia al tratamiento. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio cualitativo de 11 entrevistas grupales a 62 pacientes con tuberculosis diagnosticados durante 1997 y 1998 en las regiones Centro, Los Altos y Fronteriza de Chiapas, México. RESULTADOS: Las causas de la enfermedad referidas por los pacientes fueron el contagio por trastes, el trabajo excesivo, la alimentación, el frío y otras sin relación con la transmisión de persona a persona. La incapacidad para el trabajo se reflejó en crisis económica del paciente y su familia. El estigma social impactó emocionalmente en la vida personal, familiar, laboral y de comunidad. CONCLUSIONES: El desconocimiento sobre la enfermedad propició la elección de diferentes alternativas para su atención. Los servicios de salud y la inadecuada relación médico-paciente influyó en el retardo en el diagnóstico y falta de adherencia al tratamiento. Se sugiere un programa de difusión sobre aspectos básicos de la enfermedad y su tratamiento.OBJECTIVE: To identify health perceptions and practices and non-adherence to therapy among tuberculosis patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Qualitative research work consisting of 11 group interviews with 62 tuberculosis patients during 1997-1998 in the Central, Highlands, and Border Regions of Chiapas, Mexico. RESULTS: Perceived causes of tuberculosis included contagion via food utensils, excess work, malnutrition, and cold, as well as other causes unrelated to person-to-person contagion. The resulting incapability to work resulted in an economic crisis for both the patients and their family members. As a result of the social stigma imposed by the disease, patients perceived a negative impact on their personal life, family, work, and community. CONCLUSIONS: Lack of knowledge regarding tuberculosis is an important factor in the selection of and adherence to

  7. Daño al ADN en mujeres expuestas al humo de la leña en Chiapas, México DNA damage in women exposed to firewod fuel smoke , in Chiapas, México

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    Crispín Herrera-Portugal

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Actualmente alrededor de la cuarta parte de la población mexicana, entre 25 y 28 millones de habitantes, cocina con leña, Sin embargo, el humo de la leña contiene una amplia gama de sustancias tóxicas, entre ellas el monóxido de carbono (CO cuyo impacto en la salud de la población rural debe ser estudiado. Por esto, el potencial daño al ADN asociado con la exposición a CO de 30 mujeres que cocinaban con leña en Chiapas, México, fue evaluado por el ensayo cometa. Los resultados se compararon con 30 controles comparables en edad y condiciones socioeconómicas, quienes cocinaban con gas licuado de petróleo (GLP. Se obtuvieron muestras de sangre total para medir carboxihemoglobina (COHb y llevar a cabo el ensayo cometa. Se encontró diferencia significativa (PCurrently, about a quarter of the Mexican population, between 25 and 28 million people, cook with firewood. However, wood smoke contains a wide range of toxic substances, including carbon monoxide (CO whose impact on health of the rural population should be studied. Therefore, the potential DNA damage associated with the exposition to CO of 30 women who cooked with wood in Chiapas, Mexico, was assessed using Comet Assay. Results were compared with 30 controls of similar age and socioeconomic status, who cooked with liquefied petroleum gas (LPG. We obtained whole blood samples to measure carboxyhemoglobin (% COHb and perform the comet assay. There was a significant difference (P <0.001 in the percentages of COHb between women who cooked with wood (mean= 6.6% and those who did it with LPG (mean=1.8% being 3.6 times higher in the former compared with the latter. There was a significant difference in comet tail length between the two groups examined (mean 18.5 +/- 4.21 versus 5.97 +/- 1.0 μm, P <0.001 and tail moment (mean 4.55 +/- 1.5 versus 1.5 +/- 0.40, P <0.001. The results of this study strongly suggest that exposure to carbon monoxide and compounds present in wood smoke can cause

  8. Marketing San Juan Basin gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Posner, D.M.

    1988-01-01

    Marketing natural gas produced in the San Juan Basin of New Mexico and Colorado principally involves four gas pipeline companies with significant facilities in the basin. The system capacity, transportation rates, regulatory status, and market access of each of these companies is evaluated. Because of excess gas supplies available to these pipeline companies, producers can expect improved take levels and prices by selling gas directly to end users and utilities as opposed to selling gas to the pipelines for system supply. The complexities of transporting gas today suggest that the services of an independent gas marketing company may be beneficial to smaller producers with gas supplies in the San Juan Basin

  9. Update: San Andreas Fault experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christodoulidis, D. C.; Smith, D. E.

    1984-01-01

    Satellite laser ranging techniques are used to monitor the broad motion of the tectonic plates comprising the San Andreas Fault System. The San Andreas Fault Experiment, (SAFE), has progressed through the upgrades made to laser system hardware and an improvement in the modeling capabilities of the spaceborne laser targets. Of special note is the launch of the Laser Geodynamic Satellite, LAGEOS spacecraft, NASA's only completely dedicated laser satellite in 1976. The results of plate motion projected into this 896 km measured line over the past eleven years are summarized and intercompared.

  10. Vegetation - San Felipe Valley [ds172

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Natural Resource Agency — This Vegetation Map of the San Felipe Valley Wildlife Area in San Diego County, California is based on vegetation samples collected in the field in 2002 and 2005 and...

  11. San Francisco Bay Water Quality Improvement Fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPAs grant program to protect and restore San Francisco Bay. The San Francisco Bay Water Quality Improvement Fund (SFBWQIF) has invested in 58 projects along with 70 partners contributing to restore wetlands, water quality, and reduce polluted runoff.,

  12. The San Bernabe power substation; La subestacion San Bernabe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chavez Sanudo, Andres D. [Luz y Fuerza del Centro, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1997-12-31

    The first planning studies that gave rise to the San Bernabe substation go back to year 1985. The main circumstance that supports this decision is the gradual restriction for electric power generation that has been suffering the Miguel Aleman Hydro System, until its complete disappearance, to give priority to the potable water supply through the Cutzamala pumping system, that feeds in an important way Mexico City and the State of Mexico. In this document the author describes the construction project of the San Bernabe Substation; mention is made of the technological experiences obtained during the construction and its geographical location is shown, as well as the one line diagram of the same [Espanol] Los primeros estudios de planeacion que dieron origen a la subestacion San Bernabe se remontan al ano de 1985. La circunstancia principal que soporta esta decision es la restriccion paulatina para generar energia que ha venido experimentando el Sistema Hidroelectrico Miguel Aleman, hasta su desaparicion total, para dar prioridad al suministro de agua potable por medio del sistema de bombeo Cutzamala, que alimenta en forma importante a la Ciudad de Mexico y al Estado de Mexico. En este documento el autor describe el proyecto de construccion de la subestacion San Bernabe; se mencionan las experiencias tecnologicas obtenidas durante su construccion y se ilustra su ubicacion geografica, asi como un diagrama unifilar de la misma

  13. Fernando Bouza Álvarez, «Dásele licencia y privilegio». Don Quijote y la aprobación de libros en el Siglo de Oro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalo Pontón

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Review of Fernando Bouza Álvarez, «Dásele licencia y privilegio». Don Quijote y la aprobación de libros en el Siglo de Oro, Akal, Madrid, 2012, 256 pp. ISBN: 978-84-460-3228-1.

  14. Carlos García Gual, Javier Gomá Lanzón, Fernando Savater. Muchas felicidades. Tres visiones y más de la idea de felicidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Laguna Mariscal

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Carlos García Gual, Javier Gomá Lanzón, Fernando Savater. Muchas felicidades. Tres visiones y más de la idea de felicidad. Madrid: Ariel, 2015, 207 pp. ISBN: 978-84-344-1892-9.

  15. 33 CFR 165.754 - Safety Zone: San Juan Harbor, San Juan, PR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Safety Zone: San Juan Harbor, San Juan, PR. 165.754 Section 165.754 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... Zone: San Juan Harbor, San Juan, PR. (a) Regulated area. A moving safety zone is established in the...

  16. 76 FR 45693 - Safety Zone; San Diego POPS Fireworks, San Diego, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; San Diego POPS Fireworks, San Diego, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary... San Diego Bay in support of the San Diego POPS Fireworks. This safety zone is necessary to provide for... of the waterway during scheduled fireworks events. Persons and vessels will be prohibited from...

  17. ASTER Flyby of San Francisco

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    The Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection radiometer, ASTER, is an international project: the instrument was supplied by Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry. A joint US/Japan science team developed algorithms for science data products, and is validating instrument performance. With its 14 spectral bands, extremely high spatial resolution, and 15 meter along-track stereo capability, ASTER is the zoom lens of the Terra satellite. The primary mission goals are to characterize the Earth's surface; and to monitor dynamic events and processes that influence habitability at human scales. ASTER's monitoring and mapping capabilities are illustrated by this series of images of the San Francisco area. The visible and near infrared image reveals suspended sediment in the bays, vegetation health, and details of the urban environment. Flying over San Francisco (3.2MB) (high-res (18.3MB)), we see the downtown, and shadows of the large buildings. Past the Golden Gate Bridge and Alcatraz Island, we cross San Pablo Bay and enter Suisun Bay. Turning south, we fly over the Berkeley and Oakland Hills. Large salt evaporation ponds come into view at the south end of San Francisco Bay. We turn northward, and approach San Francisco Airport. Rather than landing and ending our flight, we see this is as only the beginning of a 6 year mission to better understand the habitability of the world on which we live. For more information: ASTER images through Visible Earth ASTER Web Site Image courtesy of MITI, ERSDAC, JAROS, and the U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team

  18. Báez, Fernando (2013, Los primeros libros de la Humanidad: el mundo antes de la imprenta y el libro electrónico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Sequeiros

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Los primeros libros de la Humanidad: el mundo antes de la imprenta y el libro electrónico, de Fernando Báez, lançado no final de 2013 pela editora Fórcola no Estado espanhol, é a mais recente monografia do autor dedicado ao combate à destruição de bibliotecas históricas e livros raros, parte do património bibliográfico mundial. Nascido na Venezuela em 1963, licenciado em História e doutorado em Ciências da Informação e Bibliotecas, Báez ganha particular notoriedade internacional com a Históri...

  19. Política e burocracia no presidencialismo brasileiro: o papel do Ministério da Fazenda no primeiro governo Fernando Henrique Cardoso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loureiro Maria Rita

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Enfatizando as relações entre política e burocracia na recente experiência democrática no Brasil, o artigo analisa os critérios de escolha dos ministros e da alta burocracia do Ministério da Fazenda no primeiro governo de Fernando Henrique Cardoso. A escolha desse ministério justifica-se não só por sua posição de relevo no interior do governo, nesta era de estabilização monetária e ajuste fiscal, mas igualmente porque ele sempre foi visto como um ministério mais técnico e imune às pressões do restante do sistema político.

  20. Modos de construcción de la memoria en la primera novela chilena experimental antidictadura: El paso de los gansos (1975 de Fernando Alegría

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Espinosa

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se dedica a evidenciar los modos de construcción de la memoria y la crisis de representación en la novela El paso de los gansos(1975 de Fernando Alegría (1918-2005. El volumen, otorga un lugar preferencial a Cristian Montealegre fotógrafo y víctima de la represión, cuyas  fotografías operan como testimonio de su experiencia en el contexto de los dos primeros meses de la dictadura. De esta forma, una de las dos primeras novelas chilenas antidictadura expone el golpe y las crisis que este hecho desata por medio de la intensificación de la relación entre palabra e imagen.

  1. ¡Viva nuestro Rey Fernando! Teatro, poder y fiesta en la ciudad colonial de Cartago, Provincia de Costa Rica (1809. Un Aporte Documental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Brenes Tencio

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se transcribe el texto de la obra de teatro escrita para ser representada en la Plaza Mayor de la ciudad colonial de Cartago, con motivo de la jura y proclamación de Fernando VII como rey de España y de las Indias, en la noche del lunes 23 de enero de 1809. Esta actividad respondía a las festividades en honor del monarca y fueron registradas en el libro de actas del ayuntamiento. A pesar de que allí no apareció por ningún lugar la figura o efigie del rey cautivo en Francia, el objeto central de la puesta en escena era memorar su nombre en detrimento del de Napoleón Bonaparte.

  2. História e literatura: as vozes de uma geração nos contos de Caio Fernando Abreu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azevedo, Guilherme Zubaran de

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho procura investigar um conjunto de contos do escritor Caio Fernando Abreu, publicados nos livros Ovo apunhalado e Pedras de Calcutá, como sensibilidades e percepções da geração de jovens, durante o final da década de 1960 e início dos anos de 1970. Para tanto, busca-se uma reflexão a respeito das diferenças e semelhanças entre o discurso da Literatura e da História, a fim de analisar aquela como uma porta de acesso às representações sociais da juventude brasileira que viveu o período mais repressivo da ditadura militar

  3. “El colonialismo como clave”. Discurso africano y transición española en la obra de Fernando González

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elmar Schmidt

    2015-01-01

    The Spanish transition to democracy after Franco’s death constitutes a decisive moment for the formation of new and heterogeneous discourses on Africa. Correspondingly, the journalist and writer Fernando González (1939-80 proposes new reflections about the place of Africa, especially Morocco, in the cultural imaginary and collective memory. In his articles, he investigates the continent’s postcolonial situation and the Spanish-Maghrebian relations. In his essay Liturgias para un caudillo (1977, he emphasizes the importance of colonialist ways of thinking for an understanding of the ideology, structures and ‘Africanist’ rituality of the Francoist system. In his novel Kábila (1980, he describes the Rif War as well the Spanish Civil War from the perspective of a Moroccan soldier. He applies a strategy of double codification to deconstruct the Francoist versions of history that were still perpetuated during the transition.

  4. Fernando Vilches y Aquilino Calzada: el surgimiento del saxofón flamenco en la Segunda República Española

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zagalaz, Juan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The recent emergence of a series of recordings, in which the sax, accompanied by a flamenco guitar, takes the role of the cantaor, has generated a corpus of contradictory information within the different sources. The confusion around the identity of the musicians involved, Fernando Vilches and Aquilino Calzada, as well the place and the time of edition of the aforementioned recordings, produced during the 30’s and the 40’s with historic flamenco players as Ramón Montoya, Sabicas and Manolo de Badajoz, has been approached though an exhaustive newspaper and periodicals research, and other written and sound sources available. We have reached to clear up the identity of Vilches and Aquilino and the relationship between them; their activity as performers and the recordings, showing the beginning of what today is known as fusion flamenco.La reciente aparición de una serie de grabaciones en las que el saxofón, acompañándose de una guitarra flamenca, suple al cantaor, ha generado un cúmulo de informaciones contradictorias en las distintas fuentes. La confusión en torno a la identidad de los músicos implicados, Fernando Vilches y Aquilino Calzada, así como en lugar y momento de edición de las distintas grabaciones, realizadas durante los años 30 y 40, junto a grandes figuras del flamenco como Ramón Montoya, Sabicas y Manolo de Badajoz, ha sido abordada a través de una exhaustiva revisión de hemeroteca, así como de las fuentes escritas y sonoras disponibles. Se ha logrado esclarecer la identidad de Vilches y Aquilino y la relación entre ambos; su actividad como concertistas y las distintas grabaciones, punto de partida de lo que hoy se conoce como fusión flamenca.

  5. Origen y formación de una villa de repoblación. Benavente durante los reinados de Fernando II y Alfonso IX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael GONZÁLEZ RODRÍGUEZ

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Durante los reinados de Fernando II y Alfonso IX asistimos a un ambicioso proyecto de repoblación urbana, coincidiendo con el período de separación política entre los reinos de León y Castilla. Este proceso tuvo como resultado el establecimiento de nuevas villas, en buena parte de los casos herederas de los antiguos "castros" y "castellos" altomedievales. La repoblación de Benavente, inscrita dentro de este contexto histórico, se realizó a partir de un núcleo preurbano anterior: el "castrum" de Malgrad, organizando un vasto territorio que se extendía por buena parte del norte de la actual provincia de Zamora, configurándose así como uno de los concejos más extensos al norte del río Duero.ABSTRACT: During the reigns of King Fernando II and King Alfonso IX we witness an ambitious initiative of urban repopulation, coinciding with the period of political separation between the Kingdoms of Castile and León. This process resulted in the establishment of new villages, in many cases originating from ancient "castros" and "castellos" from the high Middle Ages. The repopulation of Benavente, integrated in this historical context, was formed from a previous pre—urban nucleus: the "castrum" of Malgrad, organizing a vast territory that extended mainly in the northern part of fhc present province of Zamora, establishing itself as one of the most extensive councils to the north of the Duero River.

  6. 78 FR 19103 - Safety Zone; Spanish Navy School Ship San Sebastian El Cano Escort; Bahia de San Juan; San Juan, PR

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; Spanish Navy School Ship San Sebastian El Cano Escort; Bahia de San Juan; San Juan... temporary moving safety zone on the waters of Bahia de San Juan during the transit of the Spanish Navy... Channel entrance, and to protect the high ranking officials on board the Spanish Navy School Ship San...

  7. Pequeños productores, reestructuración y expansión de la palma africana en Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor B. Fletes Ocón

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto del dinamismo y contradicciones del sector agroalimentario, en la actualidad los pequeños productores son impulsados a emprender una reestructuración de sus prácticas productivas, a través de la plantación de cultivos orientados a biocombustibles, como el de la palma africana. En este artículo se analizan los procesos de reestructuración productiva, promovida por corpora-ciones de distinto origen y por el Estado, y las acciones realizadas por pequeños productores en un municipio con alta marginación, localizado en una región agroexportadora de Chiapas. Se revisan las contradicciones sociales y ambientales de este cambio y sus implicaciones a futuro, en términos del desarrollo agrícola y alimentario nacional. La expansión de este cultivo acentúa las desigualdades sociales, degrada los recursos naturales, utiliza mucha energía fósil, impulsa la concentración de la tierra, debilita los sistemas locales de provisión de alimentos y reduce los márgenes del valor generado en la cadena agroalimentaria para los pequeños productores.

  8. El carácter fronterizo de las identidades contemporáneas. El caso de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moisés Esteban Guitart

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La tesis o hipótesis que se sostiene en el artículo es que la puesta en relación de formas explícitas e implícitas de vida compartida en las sociedades contemporáneas conlleva el auge de identidades híbridas, múltiples o complejas. Entendiendo por identidades híbridas la confluencia de múltiples identificaciones en la biografía personal. Siendo la globalización y la pluralización cultural las formas fundamentales de la sociedad contemporánea, la movilidad se convierte en su principal ingrediente. Se describe la presencia de distintos elementos culturales conformadores de identidad en Chiapas. Internet, la emigración a Estados Unidos o el Tratado de Libre Comercio entre México, Estados Unidos y Canadá se hibrida con la heterogeneidad identitaria (religiosa, étnica, lingüística existente en el territorio. Se discute el carácter híbrido de las sociedades contemporáneas y las consecuencias sociales y políticas que conlleva.

  9. Comparative cytogenetics of two species of ground skinks: Scincella assata and S. cherriei (Squamata: Scincidae: Lygosominae from Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riccardo Castiglia

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Standard karyotypes of two species of the genus Scincella, S. assata and S. cherriei, both from Chiapas State, Mexico, were described for the first time. The diploid chromosome number was 28 in S. assata, whereas 30 in S. cherriei. The karyotypes of the two species, while differing in the number of microchromosomes, 14-15 in S. assata and 16-17 in S. cherriei, share four pairs of large metacentric, two pairs of medium-sized metacentric, and one particular pair (number 7 of chromosomes. Female S. assata carries chromosome pair 7 composed of two identical medium-sized subtelocentric chromosomes. This chromosome pair is heteromorphic in males of both species, i.e., one component of the pair is similar to the homomorphic chromosomes 7 of the S. assata female, while the other is nearly one-half the size of its counterpart and resembles a microchromosome. The homology of such externally different elements is deducted from the presence of an asymmetric bivalent in spermatocytes at diplotene-diakinesis. Female S. cherriei was not available. We suspect that the two Scincella species possess an XY sex determination system, as previously reported for the North American congeneric species, S. lateralis.

  10. The effects of human land use on flow regime and water chemistry of headwater streams in the highlands of Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castillo M.M.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available We studied the effects of land use changes on flow regime and water chemistry of headwater streams in the highlands of Chiapas, a region in southern Mexico that has experienced high rates of deforestation in the last decades. Samples for water chemistry were collected and discharge was measured between September 2007 and August 2008 at eight streams that differed in the land uses of their riparian and catchment areas, including streams draining protected forested areas. Streams with high forest cover (>70% in their catchments maintained flow through the year. Streams draining more disturbed catchments exhibited reduced or no flow for 4 − 6 months during the dry season. Nitrate concentrations were lower at streams draining forested catchments while highest concentrations were measured where conventional agriculture covered a high proportion of the catchment and riparian zone. Highest phosphorus concentrations occurred at the catchment where poultry manure was applied as fertilizer. Differences between forest streams and those draining disturbed areas were correlated with the proportion of forest and agriculture in the riparian zone. Variation in stream variables among sampling dates was lower at the forest sites than at the more disturbed study streams. Conversion of forest into agriculture and urban areas is affecting flow regime and increasing nutrient concentrations, although the magnitude of the impacts are influenced by the type of agricultural practices and the alteration of the riparian zone.

  11. Concepts and a methodology for evaluating environmental services from trees of small farms in Chiapas, México.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinidou, Eleni; Finegan, Bryan; Jiménez-Ferrer, Guillermo; Delgado, Diego; Casanoves, Fernando

    2013-01-15

    We propose a methodology to estimate the environmental service (ES) value of small farms in Chiapas, Mexico, involving trained farmers-promoters in field sampling. We considered the ways in which the landscape's principal organisms, the trees, contribute to ES. We proposed a species functional value (FV) index based on their functional traits and key ecological characteristics, and estimated each site's ES value using FV weighted by the dimensions and abundance of individuals in different land uses (LU). Tree contribution to carbon storage (C) was defined using species wood density and biodiversity conservation value (BD) using food and habitat provision for wildlife and species existence (non-use) value (EX). Many species and individuals had high C, as wind-dispersed species with dense wood were common, but low BD prevailed, with high BD species common only in riparian forests. Few species and fewer individuals had high EX conferred by dense wood, large size, harvesting pressure and animal dispersal, among others. High variance in value within LU types, suggested that LU is a poor estimator of ES value, and that the measurement of species FV and tree dimensions is essential. This tool accurately reflects the ecological values of farm tree cover, allowing negotiation of compensation for environmental services. This methodology could be implemented combining open-access regional traits databases and field sampling by local people, and can easily be adapted for the measurement of other ES, and to other ecological and cultural contexts. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Migración juvenil indígena y ejercicio sexual en los Altos de Chiapas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Reartes

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available La presente nota de investigación da cuenta de los principales resultados de una investigación socioantropológica que desarrollamos en los Altos de Chiapas (2007-2012 y que tuvo como preocupación central aproximarnos a analizar las implicaciones del proceso migratorio interno y/o internacional (a Estados Unidos de jóvenes mujeres y varones tsotsiles en el ámbito de la sexualidad y la reproducción. Se documenta cómo la migración se erige como un proceso de vital importancia en la colocación de estas y estos jóvenes en situaciones y contextos que condicionan sus recursos y capacidad de gestión para prevenir embarazos e infecciones de transmisión sexual, dependiendo de su condición de género, escolaridad, experiencia y situación migratoria.

  13. Producción y consumo de mercancías turísticas en los Altos de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Bayona Escat

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad, los circuitos comerciales de las mercancías se han extendido a lo largo del planeta y los objetos que consideramos de facturación local se hallan insertados en un circuito comercial que se expande entre lo local y global. Sin embargo, lo característico de este proceso económico es que muchos de estos objetos se asocian a señas distintivas locales. El turismo es un contexto idóneo para analizar este tránsito de mercancías globales que se presentan con señas distintivas particulares e incitan al viajero a su compra para memorizar sus experiencias viajeras y autentificar su estancia. El texto analiza una zona turística que comercializa con la cultura indígena, la región Altos Tzotzil-Tzeltal de Chiapas (México, y examina cómo las mercancías turísticas que provienen de diversos orígenes se autentifican como locales, al mismo tiempo que indaga en las diferentes estrategias de comercialización que los productores y vendedores locales efectúan para incorporarse a la arena turística.

  14. Levels of organochlorine pesticides in blood plasma from residents of malaria-endemic communities in Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz-Suárez, Luz E; Castro-Chan, Ricardo A; Rivero-Pérez, Norma E; Trejo-Acevedo, Antonio; Guillén-Navarro, Griselda K; Geissen, Violette; Bello-Mendoza, Ricardo

    2014-10-10

    Organochlorine (OC) pesticides have been extensively used for pest control in agriculture and against malaria vectors in the region of Soconusco, Chiapas, in southern Mexico. Our study aimed to identify whether the inhabitants of four Soconusco communities at different locations (i.e., altitudes) and with different history of use of OC pesticides, have been similarly exposed to residues of these pesticides. In particular, we analyzed the potential relationship between levels of OC pesticides in plasma and the age, gender, and residence of the study population (n = 60). We detected seven pesticides in total (γ-HCH, β-HCH, heptachlor, p,p'-DDE, p,p'-DDT, β-endosulfan, endrin aldehyde). Of these, p,p'-DDE and β-endosulfan were the most frequently found (in 98% and 38% of the samples, respectively). The low-altitude (60 years) had the highest p,p'-DDE level (56.94 ± 57.81 µg/L) of all age groups, while men had higher p,p'-DDE (34.00 ± 46.76 µg/L) than women. Our results demonstrate that residents of the Soconusco region are exposed to p,p'-DDE because of high exposure to DDT in the past and current environmental exposure to this DDT-breakdown product.

  15. Building ties: social capital network analysis of a forest community in a biosphere reserve in Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Rico García-Amado

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Governance of the commons depends on the capacity to generate collective action. Networks and rules that foster that collective action have been defined as social capital. However, their causal link is still not fully understood. We use social network analysis to assess social capital, decision-making, and collective action in a forest-based common pool resource management in La Sepultura Biosphere Reserve (Chiapas, Mexico. Our research analyzes the productive networks and the evolution of coffee groups in one community. The network shows some centrality, with richer landholders tending to occupy core positions and poorer landless peasants occupying peripheral ones. This has fostered the community's environmentally oriented development but has also caused internal conflicts. Market requirements have shaped different but complementary productive networks, where organic coffee commercialization is the main source of bridging ties, which has resulted in more connectivity and resilience. Conservation attitudes, along with the institutional setting of the community, have promoted collective action. The unresolved conflicts, however, still leave some concerns about governance in the future.

  16. Social inequalities and health in rural Chiapas, Mexico: agricultural economy, nutrition, and child health in La Fraylesca Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Ochoa-Díaz López

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to investigate the association between farmers' socioeconomic conditions and their children's health in La Fraylesca, Chiapas. Data were collected using a cross-sectional survey of 1046 households (5546 individuals sampled from locations in two counties situated in the study area. The survey included anthropometric measurements, a 24-hour dietary recall, stool tests, and childhood mortality data. Children of private farmers and "wealthy peasants" displayed better nutritional status, higher quality diet, lower prevalence of intestinal parasites, and a lower risk of dying than those whose parents were communal farmers, from ejidos, or "poor peasants". The results suggest that using volume of maize production as a classification method proved more valuable than land tenure to identify agricultural groups with different health status. It appears that the main determinants of health differentials are structural inequities in resource distribution. Thus, the impact of medical interventions on inequalities will be limited unless they are accompanied by redistribution of resources.

  17. Ecoturismo y reapropiación social de recursos naturales entre los tseltales de El Corralito, Oxchuc, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio César Sánchez Morales

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es analizar el proceso de reapropiación social de los recursos naturales entre los tseltales de la comunidad El Corralito, municipio de Oxchuc, Chiapas, luego de la implementación de un proyecto ecoturístico en sus tierras desde el año 2002. Este proceso de reapropiación social ha englobado elementos sociales, culturales y económicos a nivel del grupo tseltal; para comprender estos procesos, indagamos en las siguientes dimensiones: presencia de innovaciones y experimentación, tanto en lo organizativo, económico y ambiental; así como la participación local y la capacidad de agencia para el desarrollo del proyecto ecoturístico en la zona. Ahora bien, el trabajo se desarrolló con el apoyo del instrumental metodológico cualitativo: entrevistas a profundidad, etnografías, observación participante y encuestas, de la que se obtuvieron datos cuantitativos.

  18. Resolving the Conflict Between Ecosystem Protection and Land Use in Protected Areas of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortina-Villar, Sergio; Plascencia-Vargas, Héctor; Vaca, Raúl; Schroth, Götz; Zepeda, Yatziri; Soto-Pinto, Lorena; Nahed-Toral, José

    2012-03-01

    Livelihoods of people living in many protected areas (PAs) around the world are in conflict with biodiversity conservation. In Mexico, the decrees of creation of biosphere reserves state that rural communities with the right to use buffer zones must avoid deforestation and their land uses must become sustainable, a task which is not easily accomplished. The objectives of this paper are: (a) to analyze the conflict between people's livelihoods and ecosystem protection in the PAs of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas (SMC), paying special attention to the rates and causes of deforestation and (b) to review policy options to ensure forest and ecosystem conservation in these PAs, including the existing payments for environmental services system and improvements thereof as well as options for sustainable land management. We found that the three largest PAs in the SMC are still largely forested, and deforestation rates have decreased since 2000. Cases of forest conversion are located in specific zones and are related to agrarian and political conflicts as well as growing economic inequality and population numbers. These problems could cause an increase in forest loss in the near future. Payments for environmental services and access to carbon markets are identified as options to ensure forest permanence but still face problems. Challenges for the future are to integrate these incentive mechanisms with sustainable land management and a stronger involvement of land holders in conservation.

  19. Percepciones y prácticas relacionadas con la tuberculosis y la adherencia al tratamiento en Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvarez-Gordillo Guadalupe del Carmen

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Conocer las percepciones y prácticas que los enfermos de tuberculosis tienen sobre la enfermedad y la adherencia al tratamiento. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio cualitativo de 11 entrevistas grupales a 62 pacientes con tuberculosis diagnosticados durante 1997 y 1998 en las regiones Centro, Los Altos y Fronteriza de Chiapas, México. RESULTADOS: Las causas de la enfermedad referidas por los pacientes fueron el contagio por trastes, el trabajo excesivo, la alimentación, el frío y otras sin relación con la transmisión de persona a persona. La incapacidad para el trabajo se reflejó en crisis económica del paciente y su familia. El estigma social impactó emocionalmente en la vida personal, familiar, laboral y de comunidad. CONCLUSIONES: El desconocimiento sobre la enfermedad propició la elección de diferentes alternativas para su atención. Los servicios de salud y la inadecuada relación médico-paciente influyó en el retardo en el diagnóstico y falta de adherencia al tratamiento. Se sugiere un programa de difusión sobre aspectos básicos de la enfermedad y su tratamiento.

  20. Development of attractant systems for trapping female Ceratitis capitata (Wied.) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in the Soconusco region, Chiapas, Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Montoya, P.; Miranda, H.; Paxtian, J.; Celedonio, H.; Orozco, D.

    1999-01-01

    With the aim of developing a system of attractants and trapping to optimize the capture of female Mediterranean fruit flies, Ceratitis capitata (Wied.) as well as other fruit flies, six experiments were carried out during the period 1994-1997, in a sterile-insect release zone in the Soconusco region of Chiapas, Mexico. Relating to the system of attractants, the evaluation focused on the comparison of food attractants (i.e. ammonium acetate, putrescine and trimethylamine) with standard attractants, such as Trimedlure and liquid hydrolyzed protein. For the trapping system, dry traps (Jackson trap, Open bottom dry trap, etc.) as well as wet traps (McPhail trap, Tephri trap, etc.) were tested alternately with the different kinds of attractants. The experiments were performed in agrosystems of coffee and groves of citrus and mango. Results consistently showed that a combination of ammonium acetate + putrescine + trimethylamine was the best for the capture of female Ceratitis capitata (Wied.) when used in traps such as the OBDT and the plastic McPhail trap (IPMT), while for Anastrepha spp., the McPhail trap baited with liquid hydrolyzed protein still appears to be the best option, although the combination of ammonium acetate with putrescine was quite consistent in the trapping of A. obliqua and A. ludens in traps such as the IPMT. (author)

  1. ¿Aprender tsotsil? Experiencia con niños de una primaria urbana en San Cristóbal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra Rodríguez Torres

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available San Cristóbal es una ciudad donde convergen varias culturas, situación que presenta un reto a la enseñanza y a la convivencia escolar. Este trabajo se basa en una experiencia con niños de familias migrantes del estado de Chiapas, México, de cuarto año de primaria. El propósito inicial consistió en fomentar el respeto a la diversidad cultural a través de la lectoescritura en tsotsil y español. Para profundizar en la percepción de los niños sobre la adquisición de la lectoescritura en tsotsil y los valores se trata de analizar lo que ellos mismos han escrito. Contamos para esta aproximación con las cartas dirigidas a la persona encargada del apoyo financiero en las cuales los alumnos nos dan a conocer su opinión sobre los talleres impartidos, y con una serie de cuentos escritos libremente por ellos mismos en donde se reflejan sus valores e intereses.

  2. Diversão em movimento: um projeto lúdico para crianças hospitalizadas no Serviço de Oncologia Pediátrica do Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira, IMIP Ludotherapy for hospitalized children: a ludotherapy program for hospitalized children in the Pediatrics Oncology Unit of the Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira, IMIP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arli Melo Pedrosa

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho descreve as atividades lúdicas desenvolvidas na enfermaria de oncologia pediátrica do Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP, com 60 pacientes portadores de neoplasias malignas, no período de janeiro de 2004 a janeiro de 2005. Descreve também as etapas do Projeto e apresenta os resultados obtidos, correlacionando as etapas do desenvolvimento da aprendizagem com os instrumentos lúdicos utilizados como recurso minimizador do processo de hospitalização, através dos itens mais solicitados, considerando, para essa análise, as idéias de Jean Piaget e Bruno Bettelheim.This paper describes a ludotherapy program implemented in the pediatrics oncology ward of the Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP with 60 malignant neoplasia patients from January 2004 to January 2005. It describes the phases of the project, demonstrates results obtained, relating learning development phases and ludic tools used as a resource to mitigate hospitalization hardships through the most requested items. Jean Piaget and Bruno Bettelheim concepts were used in this assessment.

  3. Dos registros recientes del quetzal (Pharomachrus mocinno en las Montañas del Este de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Gustavo Palacio Peralta

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available El quetzal es un símbolo de la conservación de los bosques de niebla siempreverdes de Mesoamérica. Aquí, presentamos la descripción de dos registros obtenidos en las Montañas del Este de Chiapas, durante la estación reproductiva (abril y no-reproductiva (agosto de 2008. En la zona en donde se registraron estos quetzales ocurre una intensa pérdida forestal, por lo que sus hábitats reproductivo y no-reproductivo podrían estar en peligro de desaparecer en esta región.

  4. Migración y remesas: ¿están afectando la sustentabilidad de la agricultura y la soberanía alimentaria en Chiapas?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helda Morales

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Con este artículo se pretende contribuir al debate sobre el impacto de la migración internacional y de las remesas en la agricultura. Presentamos los resultados de una encuesta realizada en 2011 sobre agricultura, combinados con muestreos de agrobiodiversidad en parcelas de familias con y sin migrantes de cuatro comunidades campesinas de Chiapas. En contra de lo esperado, los resultados sugieren que la migración no está provocando ni abandono de la agricultura, ni cambios sustanciales en el tipo de cultivos de las zonas estudiadas.

  5. BALANCE PARCIAL DE NITRÓGENO EN EL SISTEMA DE CULTIVO DE MAÍZ (Zea mays L.) CON COBERTURA DE LEGUMINOSAS EN CHIAPAS, MÉXICO

    OpenAIRE

    José David Álvarez-Solís; Ramón Muñoz-Arroyo; Esperanza Huerta-Lwanga; José Nahed-Toral

    2016-01-01

    El potencial de las leguminosas para mejorar la fertilidad del suelo y sostener la producción de cultivos asociados como el maíz, varía entre especies. Este trabajo evalúa la contribución de 3 leguminosas como cultivos de cobertura (CC) en el balance parcial de Nitrógeno (N) en el cultivo de maíz. Fue realizado en Ejido La Bella Ilusión, Maravilla Tenejapa, estado de Chiapas, México, con 4 tratamientos en asociación al cultivo de maíz: 1) frijol nescafé (Mucuna pruriens), 2) frijol arroz (Vig...

  6. Hábitat y distribución de cinco especies de Quercus (Fagaceae) en la Meseta Central de Chiapas, México

    OpenAIRE

    J.G. Alvarez-Moctezuma; S. Ochoa-Gaona; B.H.J. de Jong; M.L. Soto-Pinto

    1999-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir el hábitat de las especies del subgénero Lepidobalanus en la Meseta Central de Chiapas e identificar las principales variables que condicionan su distribución. En 258 parcelas se utilizó un índice de dominancia, basado en la abundancia y cobertura de las especies, para conocer la distribución de Quercus peduncularis, Q. polymorpha, Q. rugosa, Q. sebifera y Q. segoviensis. Además se midieron las variables ambientales: altitud, precipitación de noviembr...

  7. Puerto Chiapas: una oportunidad para el desarrollo del Soconusco a partir de la aplicación de instrumentos de planeación

    OpenAIRE

    Jaime Torres Fragoso

    2016-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo es exponer la transformación experimentada recientemente en Puerto Chiapas. Entre los factores clave para la modernización de una agencia estatal, que esta investigación identifica, figura el reconocimiento de las variables económicas, políticas y sociales más relevantes y que, a la postre, conforman el medioambiente en el que se desenvuelve. Además de la definición de estrategias y acciones convenientes para ese contexto en particular, así como la coordinación de ...

  8. Entre el textil y el ámbar : las funciones psicosociales del trabajo artesanal en artesanos tsotsiles de la ilusión, Chiapas, México

    OpenAIRE

    Carpio Ovando, Perla Shiomara Del

    2012-01-01

    Esta investigación tiene como objetivo principal el estudio de las funciones psicosociales del trabajo artesanal que realizan artesanos indígenas de una comunidad tsotsil de Chiapas, México. Constata esta tesis que el análisis de las artesanías invita a reflexionar necesariamente sobre aspectos económicos en íntima relación con aspectos de índole cultural y psicosocial. Se defiende aquí que quienes se dedican a la producción de artesanías enfrentan múltiples dificultades dentro de las que sob...

  9. "Sin música no hay fiesta, no hay nada": aproximaciones a las expresiones musicales indígenas en Chiapas

    OpenAIRE

    Marina Alonso Bolaños

    2012-01-01

    Desde un enfoque antropológico del arte y la estética, en este artículo se exploran las posibilidades para abordar aspectos de la constitución de las expresiones musicales indígenas contemporáneas del estado del Chiapas, en el sureste de México. Se discuten también, las perspectivas indígenas acerca de los procesos de creación musical (interpretación y transmisión-aprendizaje), el papel de los instrumentos musicales y en la audiencia, así como la coexistencia de los distintos estilos y formas...

  10. La nueva geografía electoral de Chiapas: polarización política, fragmentación partidista e incertidumbre electoral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willibald Sonnleitner

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Esta contribución analiza las elecciones federales y locales de 2006 en Chiapas, profundizando en las estructuras territoriales del voto en los 111 municipios del estado. La construcción de una tipología sintética de la democratización desde 1988 también permite indagar en las lógicas y en los desfases regionales entre las dinámicas de la participación política y los clivajes socioculturales que estructuran la geografía electoral y humana de la entidad.

  11. La economía del grupo doméstico: determinante de muerte materna entre mujeres indígenas de Chiapas, México The household economy: a determinant of maternal death among indigenous women in Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Carmen Herrera Torres

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Evaluar la situación económica y las relaciones de género en cuanto factores determinantes de muerte materna en la subregión de Patwitz, en Chiapas, México. MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio cuantitativo y cualitativo mediante la aplicación de una encuesta a 158 familias, entrevistas a profundidad a personas vinculadas con los casos de muerte materna y a líderes sociales de la región, así como grupos focales con parteras. RESULTADOS: La toma de decisiones respecto a la salud de la mujer en el seno de la familia constituye un problema crítico por cuanto depende exclusivamente del esposo y los familiares de este. Cuando el embarazo o el parto conllevan algún riesgo, tal situación introduce restricciones en la elección de opciones de atención fuera de la comunidad, de modo que 48,7% de los casos obstétricos son atendidos por parteras, 45,3% por familiares y 6% por la pareja. El problema se agrava por la alta marginación y el muy bajo índice de desarrollo humano que caracterizan a la región estudiada, por la falta de acceso de las mujeres a la posesión de bienes, incluida la herencia de la tierra, y por el hecho de que 97,7% de ellas hablan solamente lenguas indígenas. CONCLUSIONES: Las inequidades por razones de género en las familias indígenas, aunadas a una economía que no cubre las necesidades básicas, son factores que contribuyen a que las mujeres no reciban atención en el proceso reproductivo. Debido al bajo nivel socioeconómico, las decisiones que se toman en torno a la atención del embarazo, el parto y el puerperio tienen un alto costo en la salud y en la vida de las mujeres.OBJECTIVE: To assess the determining role of financial situation and gender relations on maternal mortality among Indigenous women in Chiapas, Mexico. METHODS: A quantitative/qualitative study was performed by means of a survey of 158 families, as well as in-depth interviews of persons linked to cases of maternal death, community

  12. 77 FR 34988 - Notice of Inventory Completion: San Diego State University, San Diego, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-12

    .... ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: San Diego State University Archeology Collections Management Program has... that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the human remains and associated funerary objects may contact San Diego State University Archeology Collections Management Program. Repatriation of the...

  13. Gestionando la ciudadanía pluricultural: la escuela indígena en Chiapas ante los derechos culturales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Borrell Velasco

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En una relación intercultural históricamente asimétrica, las formulaciones que afectan a las oportunidades educativas de los pue - blos originarios en el sistema público de educación se enfrentan a múl - tiples obstáculos. La enculturación en las escuelas indígenas dificulta el desarrollo de identidades múltiples homologables realmente funcio - nales para la construcción de una ciudadanía pluricultural, ya que se fomenta la tolerancia hacia pedagogías colonizadoras. Las tendencias que se originan a través de estos procesos educativos neocolonialistas, que atentan contra los derechos culturales reconocidos en las leyes, son conflictivas y contradictorias, tanto las que refuerzan la identidad étni - ca asumiendo una posición subalterna como las que la rechazan bus - cando vías de asimilación. En la resolución de este dilema apenas existe presencia indígena, ya que tradicionalmente, a pesar de los desarrollos normativos en el marco de los derechos culturales, los pueblos origina - rios quedan relegados de las consideraciones y de la toma de decisiones relacionadas con la educación. Este trabajo de investigación pretende evidenciar tanto las prin - cipales actuaciones del sistema educativo nacional en las escuelas de población originaria, ante el reto de los derechos culturales, como identificar las respuestas de los pueblos indígenas en relación con estos derechos en el estado de Chiapas.

  14. Levels of Organochlorine Pesticides in Blood Plasma from Residents of Malaria-Endemic Communities in Chiapas, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz E. Ruiz-Suárez

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Organochlorine (OC pesticides have been extensively used for pest control in agriculture and against malaria vectors in the region of Soconusco, Chiapas, in southern Mexico. Our study aimed to identify whether the inhabitants of four Soconusco communities at different locations (i.e., altitudes and with different history of use of OC pesticides, have been similarly exposed to residues of these pesticides. In particular, we analyzed the potential relationship between levels of OC pesticides in plasma and the age, gender, and residence of the study population (n = 60. We detected seven pesticides in total (γ-HCH, β-HCH, heptachlor, p,pʹ-DDE, p,p'-DDT, β-endosulfan, endrin aldehyde. Of these, p,pʹ-DDE and β-endosulfan were the most frequently found (in 98% and 38% of the samples, respectively. The low-altitude (<20 m above sea level; masl and mid-altitude (520 masl locations had the highest levels of p,pʹ-DDE, with geometric means of 50.6 µg/L and 44.46 µg/L, respectively. The oldest subjects (>60 years had the highest p,pʹ-DDE level (56.94 ± 57.81 µg/L of all age groups, while men had higher p,pʹ-DDE (34.00 ± 46.76 µg/L than women. Our results demonstrate that residents of the Soconusco region are exposed to p,pʹ-DDE because of high exposure to DDT in the past and current environmental exposure to this DDT-breakdown product.

  15. CONTRIBUTION OF PRODUCER ORGANIZATIONS TO THE SUTAINABITLITY OF THEIR TERRITORIES, GUAYA’B (GUATEMALA Y MAYA VINIC (CHIAPAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Remy Vandame

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The present work aims at identifying and assesment the contribution of honey and coffee producers to the sustainability of their territories, by using a qualitative approach. For this purpose, two economically oriented organizations, which emerged in the context of strong social conflicts, are studied: “Unión de Productores Maya Vinic, Soc. Coop.” in Los Altos de Chiapas, México and “Guaya’b A.C.” in Huehuetenango, Guatemala. We identify eight categories of analysis, shaped thought the approach to these organizations, our previous experience with other similar organizational processes and the reading of documents. These categories are: self-organization; collective action; income and other benefits; conservation of natural resources; development of abilities and capacities; identity; integration to communal life and permanence. Taken together, these categories aim to help to provide a qualitative tool to increase our knowledge of two of the honey and coffee beans producers’ structure with the purpose of finding whether they contribute to the sustainability of their land. We defined measurement scales for each of these categories, based on the organization members’ perception. Finally, we carried out a graphical visualization of the interaction between these categories, by constructing a radial graph. We stress the importance that deepening the knowledge of the context and history of the territories, where these organizations are immersed, has for both, the understanding of their self-organization and the contributions they may offer to their own members and their territori. In the same way, we conclude that there is a close relation among producers’ organizations, its self-organization and their ties to their territories (the identity to the territory and to those elements that allow its sustainability.

  16. Assessment of soil erosion vulnerability in the heavily populated and ecologically fragile communities in Motozintla de Mendoza, Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Morales, Selene B.; Mayer, Alex; Ramírez-Marcial, Neptalí

    2018-06-01

    Variability in physical rates and local knowledge of soil erosion was assessed across six rural communities in the Sierra Madre del Sur, Chiapas, Mexico. The average erosion rate estimated using the RUSLE model is 274 t ha-1 yr-1, with the estimated erosion rates ranging from 28 to 717 t ha-1 yr-1. These very high erosion rates are associated with high rainfall erosivity (17 000 MJ mm ha-1 h-1 yr-1) and steep slopes (mean slope = 67 %). Many of the highest soil erosion rates are found in communities that are dominated by forestland, but where most of the tree cover has been removed. Conversely, lower erosion rates are often found where corn is cultivated for most of the year. According to the results of the soil erosion KAP (knowledge, attitude and practices) survey, awareness of the concept of soil erosion was reasonably high in all of the communities, but awareness of the causes of erosion was considerably lower. More than half of respondents believed that reforestation is a viable option for reducing soil erosion, but only a third of respondents were currently implementing reforestation practices. Another third of the respondents indicated that they were not following any soil conservation practices. Respondents indicated that adoption of government reforestation efforts have been hindered by the need to clear their land to sell forest products or cultivate corn. Respondents also mentioned the difficulties involved with obtaining favorable tree stocks for reforestation. The KAP results were used to assess the overall level of motivation to solve soil erosion problems by compiling negative responses. The relationship between the magnitude of the soil erosion problem and the capacity to reduce soil erosion is inconsistent across the communities. One community, Barrio Vicente Guerrero, had the highest average negative response rate and the second highest soil erosion rate, indicating that this community is particularly vulnerable.

  17. Species - San Diego Co. [ds121

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Natural Resource Agency — This is the Biological Observation Database point layer representing baseline observations of sensitive species (as defined by the MSCP) throughout San Diego County....

  18. 75 FR 15611 - Safety Zone; United Portuguese SES Centennial Festa, San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-30

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; United Portuguese SES Centennial Festa, San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA AGENCY: Coast... navigable waters of the San Diego Bay in support of the United Portuguese SES Centennial Festa. This... Centennial Festa, which will include a fireworks presentation originating from a tug and barge combination in...

  19. 78 FR 34123 - Notice of Inventory Completion: San Francisco State University NAGPRA Program, San Francisco, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-06

    ... completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects under the control of the San....R50000] Notice of Inventory Completion: San Francisco State University NAGPRA Program, San Francisco, CA... NAGPRA Program has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in...

  20. 78 FR 21403 - Notice of Inventory Completion: San Francisco State University NAGPRA Program, San Francisco, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-10

    ... completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects under the control of the San....R50000] Notice of Inventory Completion: San Francisco State University NAGPRA Program, San Francisco, CA... NAGPRA Program has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in...

  1. Sob cavalos de Tróia: Literatura, crítica e memória, a propósito das leituras de Fernando Pessoa por Luciana Stegagno Picchio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Lopes De Almeida

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Fernando Pessoa’s life and works, emphasizing the tension between philological interpretation and structuralist critical devices. By doing so, I expect to be able to underline the conflict opposing two different meanings of literature supported by these paradigms: between literature as the memory of a system and literature as an aesthetical item, we find some interesting possibilities of understanding the production of a language to talk about literary texts.

  2. [Diagnosis of capacity to perform essential public health functions in the Central American countries, the Dominican Republic, and the Mexican states of Chiapas and Quintana Roo].

    Science.gov (United States)

    González Block, Miguel Ángel; González Robledo, Luz María; Cuadra Hernández, Silvia Magali

    2013-04-01

    Characterize the capacity of public and private institutions in the Central American countries, the Dominican Republic, and the Mexican states of Chiapas and Quintana Roo to perform essential public health functions (EPHFs). An online survey of 83 organizations in Belize, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, and the Mexican states of Chiapas and Quintana Roo was conducted to learn about their capacity to perform each of the 11 EPHFs. The results were validated in a workshop with representatives of the ministries of health from the seven countries and the two participating Mexican states. High levels of performance capacity were found most often for EPHF 1 (monitoring, evaluation, and analysis of health status of the population), EPHF 2.1.1 (surveillance, research, and control of risks and threats to public health from infectious diseases), and EPHF 5 (policy development and health planning). The greatest weakness was found in EPHF 2.1.2 (surveillance, research, and monitoring of noninfectious diseases). Asymmetries in EPHF performance within each country mainly revealed weaknesses in the laboratory and public health research functions. In the countries and territories analyzed, there is a need to improve strategic performance in most of the EPHFs, as well as to strengthen infrastructure, upgrade equipment, and further develop human resources at both the strategic and the tactical levels. A regional approach should be used to take advantage of the different levels of capacity, with a view to greater strengthening and enhanced technical support and cooperation.

  3. Alcaldes y subdelegados de la Intendencia de Ciudad Real de Chiapa: autoridades enfrentadas en vísperas de la Independencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana María Parrilla Albuerne

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Poco se sabe sobre cómo se crearon los ayuntamientos constitucionales en el caso de la Intendencia de Ciudad Real de Chiapas y cómo y cuándo comenzó a aplicarse la Constitución de Cádiz (1812 en este territorio. Para indagarlo hemos tomado en cuenta el papel jugado por los subdelegados como representantes de la autoridad monárquica a nivel local, y los diferentes actores de los pueblos en el momento mismo de la elección de los ayuntamientos, así como las estrategias y los conflictos surgidos entre ellos para designar a los miembros de dichas corporaciones. Luego de esta primera aproximación al tema nos percatamos de que, a diferencia de otros territorios, en el caso de la Intendencia de Chiapas el impacto del primer momento gaditano fue bastante limitado: únicamente se formó el ayuntamiento constitucional de Ciudad Real, que duró unos cuantos meses en operación. Hubo que esperar hasta 1821 para la creación de los ayuntamientos constitucionales. Una vez implantados estos, el papel de los subdelegados como representantes de la monarquía y garantes de la aplicación de la constitución gaditana fue muy desigual y conflictivo.

  4. Testing earthquake links in Mexico from 1978 up to the 2017 M=8.1 Chiapas and M=7.1 Puebla shocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segou, Margarita; Parsons, Thomas E.

    2018-01-01

    The M = 8.1 Chiapas and the M = 7.1 Puebla earthquakes occurred in the bending part of the subducting Cocos plate 11 days and ~600 km apart, a range that puts them well outside the typical aftershock zone. We find this to be a relatively common occurrence in Mexico, with 14% of M > 7.0 earthquakes since 1900 striking more than 300 km apart and within a 2 week interval, not different from a randomized catalog. We calculate the triggering potential caused by crustal stress redistribution from large subduction earthquakes over the last 40 years. There is no evidence that static stress transfer or dynamic triggering from the 8 September Chiapas earthquake promoted the 19 September earthquake. Both recent earthquakes were promoted by past thrust events instead, including delayed afterslip from the 2012 M = 7.5 Oaxaca earthquake. A repeated pattern of shallow thrust events promoting deep intraslab earthquakes is observed over the past 40 years.

  5. Constraining the Source of the M w 8.1 Chiapas, Mexico Earthquake of 8 September 2017 Using Teleseismic and Tsunami Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heidarzadeh, Mohammad; Ishibe, Takeo; Harada, Tomoya

    2018-04-01

    The September 2017 Chiapas (Mexico) normal-faulting intraplate earthquake (M w 8.1) occurred within the Tehuantepec seismic gap offshore Mexico. We constrained the finite-fault slip model of this great earthquake using teleseismic and tsunami observations. First, teleseismic body-wave inversions were conducted for both steep (NP-1) and low-angle (NP-2) nodal planes for rupture velocities (V r) of 1.5-4.0 km/s. Teleseismic inversion guided us to NP-1 as the actual fault plane, but was not conclusive about the best V r. Tsunami simulations also confirmed that NP-1 is favored over NP-2 and guided the V r = 2.5 km/s as the best source model. Our model has a maximum and average slips of 13.1 and 3.7 m, respectively, over a 130 km × 80 km fault plane. Coulomb stress transfer analysis revealed that the probability for the occurrence of a future large thrust interplate earthquake at offshore of the Tehuantepec seismic gap had been increased following the 2017 Chiapas normal-faulting intraplate earthquake.

  6. César y los personajes de Catón, un republicano contra César, de Fernando Savater. Historia y literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conde Salazar, Matilde

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the play «Catón, Un republicano contra César», Fernando Savater masterfully adapts many classical reminiscences, especially of Plutarch, to propose a reflection on politics and philosophy. Intervenes the literary text, deignes the characters grouped in pairs keeping, although with a new formula, the scheme of ‘parallel lives’ of Plutarch. Each character retains the most peculiar features of the historical figure he represents, although, thanks to a clever literary creation, also acquires new roles. Caesar, though has not a dramatic role in the play, stops feeling his presence as an antagonist who embodies all the defects of tyranny against the virtues of the republic. The characters are making a description of the features that have characterized him as a character reference throughout all time, beyond the mere classical inspiration.En la obra de teatro Catón, un republicano contra César, Fernando Savater adapta con maestría muchísimas reminiscencias clásicas, sobre todo de Plutarco, para plantear una reflexión sobre política y filosofía. Mediante una excelente intervención del texto clásico, perfila a los personajes agrupados por parejas manteniendo, aunque con nueva fórmula, el esquema de las «vidas paralelas» de Plutarco. Cada personaje conserva los rasgos más peculiares de la figura histórica a la que representa, pero, gracias a una hábil recreación literaria, adquiere también nuevos papeles. César, aunque no tiene en la obra un papel dramático, deja sentir su presencia como un antagonista que personifica todos los defectos de la tiranía frente a las virtudes de la república. Los personajes van haciendo una descripción de los rasgos que le han caracterizado como personaje de referencia a lo largo de todos los tiempos, más allá de la mera inspiración clásica.

  7. Da regeneração social ao direito biológico: um ponto de inflexão nas propostas educacionais de Fernando de Azevedo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Cândida Ellero Gualtieri

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available n this paper we discuss changes in educational proposals of Fernando de Azevedo (1894-1974, occurred from the 1910s to the 1930s in their links with eugenic and hygienic ideas. Taking as object of analysis Azevedo’s texts of this period, we identify two moments. The first one in which he shares the idea that aesthetical, mental and moral changes can be induced by the educative process, a transformist concept, according to which physical exercises could alter undesirable individual or race’s characteristics. Such changes, able to be inherited, could lead to ethnic and moral regeneration of society. Later, education was thought to be selective, based on the criteria of biological right, assured by natural abilities, not inherited from individuals. It is a selective perspective that promotes those who are considered more capable. Such turning point of Azevedo’s proposals followed the debates among eugenic and hygienic defenders, so that if we understand it we can reflect about the selective school that characterized public institution in the twentieth century. Neste texto discutimos mudanças nas propostas educacionais de Fernando de Azevedo (1894-1974, entre as décadas de 1910 e 1930, em seus nexos com ideários eugenistas e higienistas. Tendo por objeto de análise textos de Azevedo desse período, identificamos dois momentos. Um primeiro em que partilha a concepção de que o processo educativo induziria modificações estética, mental e moral nos indivíduos; uma perspectiva transformista, em que exercícios físicos alterariam características indesejáveis dos indivíduos e, consequentemente, da raça. Tais mudanças, por serem transmissíveis, levariam à regeneração étnica e moral da sociedade. Em momento posterior, a educação deveria ser seletiva, tendo por critério o direito biológico, assegurado pelas aptidões naturais, não adquiridas dos indivíduos. Trata-se de uma perspectiva selecionista que promove os considerados

  8. Cuartel San Carlos. Yacimiento veterano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Flores

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El Cuartel San Carlos es un monumento histórico nacional (1986 de finales del siglo XVIII (1785-1790, caracterizado por sufrir diversas adversidades en su construcción y soportar los terremotos de 1812 y 1900. En el año 2006, el organismo encargado de su custodia, el Instituto de Patrimonio Cultural del Ministerio de Cultura, ejecutó tres etapas de exploración arqueológica, que abarcaron las áreas Traspatio, Patio Central y las Naves Este y Oeste de la edificación. Este trabajo reseña el análisis de la documentación arqueológica obtenida en el sitio, a partir de la realización de dicho proyecto, denominado EACUSAC (Estudio Arqueológico del Cuartel San Carlos, que representa además, la tercera campaña realizada en el sitio. La importancia de este yacimiento histórico, radica en su participación en los acontecimientos que propiciaron conflictos de poder durante el surgimiento de la República y en los sucesos políticos del siglo XX. De igual manera, se encontró en el sitio una amplia muestra de materiales arqueológicos que reseñan un estilo de vida cotidiana militar, así como las dinámicas sociales internas ocurridas en el San Carlos, como lugar estratégico para la defensa de los diferentes regímenes que atravesó el país, desde la época del imperialismo español hasta nuestros días.

  9. SANS from interpenetrating polymer networks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Markotsis, M.G.; Burford, R.P.; Knott, R.B.; Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Menai, NSW; Hanley, T.L.; CRC for Polymers,; Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Menai, NSW; Papamanuel, N.

    2003-01-01

    Full text: Interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) have been formed by combining two polymeric systems in order to gain enhanced material properties. IPNs are a combination of two or more polymers in network form with one network polymerised and/or crosslinked in the immediate presence of the other(s).1 IPNs allow better blending of two or more crosslinked networks. In this study two sets of IPNs were produced and their microstructure studied using a variety of techniques including small angle neutron scattering (SANS). The first system combined a glassy polymer (polystyrene) with an elastomeric polymer (SBS) with the glassy polymer predominating, to give a high impact plastic. The second set of IPNs contained epichlorohydrin (CO) and nitrile rubber (NBR), and was formed in order to produce novel materials with enhanced chemical and gas barrier properties. In both cases if the phase mixing is optimised the probability of controlled morphologies and synergistic behaviour is increased. The PS/SBS IPNs were prepared using sequential polymerisation. The primary SBS network was thermally crosslinked, then the polystyrene network was polymerised and crosslinked using gamma irradiation to avoid possible thermal degradation of the butadiene segment of the SBS. Tough transparent systems were produced with no apparent thermal degradation of the polybutadiene segments. The epichlorohydrin/nitrile rubber IPNs were formed by simultaneous thermal crosslinking reactions. The epichlorohydrin network was formed using lead based crosslinker, while the nitrile rubber was crosslinked by peroxide methods. The use of two different crosslinking systems was employed in order to achieve independent crosslinking thus resulting in an IPN with minimal grafting between the component networks. SANS, Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were used to examine the size and shape of the phase domains and investigate any variation with crosslinking level and

  10. História e memórias do banco de leite humano do Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (1987-2009 em Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil History and memories of the human milk bank of the Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (1987-2009 in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karenina Elice Guimarães Carvalho

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: reconstituir a história do Banco de Leite Humano (BLH do Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira (IMIP, enfocando os idealizadores e a inauguração do serviço. MÉTODOS: estudo descritivo, transversal com enfoque histórico, orientado pela metodologia da história oral. Privilegiou-se a consulta a fontes bi¬bliográficas e a entrevista direta a sete participantes, com roteiro estruturado. A análise das falas desvelou duas categorias: "Criação do banco de leite humano do IMIP: os idealizadores e suas influências"; e "A inauguração". RESULTADOS: o BLH do IMIP foi criado em 1987, com a idealização e o incentivo do Professor Fernando Figueira e da Dra. Vilneide Braga, e para suprir as necessidades da Maternidade e da unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal. Da inauguração, participaram autoridades políticas, autoridades em aleitamento materno, celebridades da mídia e profissionais do hospital. CONCLUSÕES: o entrelaçamento entre história e memória, conduzido pelas trilhas da história oral, foi matriz para a construção da origem e evolução do BLH do IMIP, a partir da fala de sujeitos envolvidos nos fatos. A história do BLH do IMIP é um processo inacabado, vivo, é uma força geradora de transformação, sonhos e esperança, que mantém aceso o ideal de um mundo melhor para as crianças, para as mães e para a sociedade.OBJECTIVES: to recount the history of the Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira (IMIP's Human Milk Bank (HMB, focusing on its pioneers and the introduction of the service. METHODS: a descriptive transversal study with historical focus based on the methods of oral history. The main materials used were bibliographical sources and direct structured interviews with seven participants. Content analysis revealed two categories: "the Creation of the IMIP's Human Milk Bank: its pioneers and their influences"; and "the Introduction of the Service". RESULTS: the IMIP

  11. Trouble Brewing in San Francisco. Policy Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buck, Stuart

    2010-01-01

    The city of San Francisco will face enormous budgetary pressures from the growing deficits in public pensions, both at a state and local level. In this policy brief, the author estimates that San Francisco faces an aggregate $22.4 billion liability for pensions and retiree health benefits that are underfunded--including $14.1 billion for the city…

  12. San Diego's High School Dropout Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, James C.

    2012-01-01

    This article highlights San Diego's dropout problem and how much it's costing the city and the state. Most San Diegans do not realize the enormous impact high school dropouts on their city. The California Dropout Research Project, located at the University of California at Santa Barbara, has estimated the lifetime cost of one class or cohort of…

  13. Entre autoficción y narcoficción: la violencia de La Virgen de los sicarios (1994 de Fernando Vallejo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albrecht Buschmann

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El tráfico de drogas es un elemento central y un factor omnipresente en el día a día de la economía y de la sociedad colombiana. Ésta es la realidad social y política que aparece plasmada en las respectivas contribuciones de este dossier. En vista de esta situación aparece la pregunta de cómo reaccionará la literatura para poder abarcar, modelar y explicar esa violenta realidad. A manera de ejemplo quisiera analizar la novela La Virgen de los sicarios (1994 de Fernando Vallejo, ya que figura como uno de los libros colombianos más conocidos y de mayor fama de los últimos años, que ha sido traducido a varios idiomas y llevado al cine, y ha sido objeto de numerosos estudios académicos, de los que se recogen los más relevantes en la bibliografía.

  14. A margem e(m suas metáforas: exlusão e identidade em Dama da noite, de Caio Fernando Abreu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santiago Bretanha Freitas

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Partindo dos conceitos de identidade e interdição alcunhados por Michel Foucault, objetivamos, no presente trabalho, analisar a obra Dama da noite, do autor gaúcho Caio Fernando Abreu. A dita obra se constitui pela voz da narradora-protagonista Dama da noite, em um monólogo endereçado ao “boy”, em uma boate; a fala da personagem gira ao redor de sua apreciação para com o movimento da roda-gigante, metáfora utilizada para retratar a sua cosmovisão. Por meio de tais afirmações, e delimitando o objetivo da análise, pretendemos, modestamente, analisar a metáfora da roda-gigante presente na obra, transpassando as identidades, a marginalidade e, de certa maneira, a interdição que norteiam o discurso da protagonista, entendendo-a como queer. Cremos haver trazido uma singela contribuição ao entendimento dos mecanismos de exclusão e normalização passíveis de serem desconstruídos na obra, bem como para a compreensão de como se realizam os discursos no palco das relações de poder.

  15. Santa Anita: la finca, el feudo y el territorio en la nación imaginada por el personaje Fernando Vallejo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Cueva Lobelle

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available La finca de Santa Anita es un espacio emblemático que aparece constantemente en la narrativa de Fernando Vallejo; a través del recuerdo de la finca podemos observar una cosmovisión, una manera de ver el mundo ligada al territorio dentro de una escritura literaria que constituye una práctica social fuertemente contextualizada. En este sentido, la imaginación puede ser entendida como un acto comprometido con la realidad y por ello se apreciará el mérito de las variaciones ideológicas y políticas de las agencias humanas y sociales que la escritura literaria pone en movimiento. Por tanto, se analizará el texto como un documento en el que la relación con el poder se presenta como un testimonio de la existencia de unas más o menos abiertas relaciones de lucha y conflicto.

  16. Seroprevalence and spatial distribution of Toxoplasma gondii infection in cats, dogs, pigs and equines of the Fernando de Noronha Island, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magalhães, Fernando J R; Ribeiro-Andrade, Müller; Souza, Fátima M; Lima Filho, Carlos D F; Biondo, Alexander Welker; Vidotto, Odilon; Navarro, Italmar Teodorico; Mota, Rinaldo A

    2017-04-01

    Little is known about toxoplasmosis in animals of the Fernando de Noronha Island, Brazil. Therefore, we investigated the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in the total population of pet cats (n=348), dogs (n=320), pigs (n=27), equines (n=101), as well as a significant portion of the population of feral cats (n=247) of the Island by Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Test. Anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies were found in 71.26%, 54.74%, 48.75%, 51.85% and 22.7%, of the pet and feral cats, dogs, pigs and equines, respectively, demonstrating a high prevalence of T. gondii infection in the wild and domestic animals of the Island. The Kernel intensity estimator showed a correlation between areas with high prevalence of infection in cats and occurrence of infection in the other studied species. We suggest that the island's health authorities should develop initiatives to reduce the population of cats and alert the island's population about the risk of T. gondii infection. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Violência contra pessoa idosa: representações sociais entre adolescentes do arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha-PE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludgleydson Fernandes de Araújo

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo objetivou identificar e verificar as representações sociais (RS da violência contra as pessoas idosas entre estudantes do Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha-PE. A amostra foi composta por 100 estudantes de ambos os sexos, do ensino médio, com média de idade de 20,3 anos. Foram utilizados como instrumentos: entrevistas semiestruturadas e o Teste de Associação Livre de Palavras (TALP. As entrevistas foram categorizadas pela Análise de Conteúdo (Bardin, 2002 e a TALP pela técnica de redes semânticas (Reyes-Lagunes, 1993. Os dados obtidos no TALP revelaram RS atreladas à intolerância (100%, covardia (57,2%, desumano (40,7%, ignorância (25,7% e violência (10%. No que tange aos dados da entrevista as subcategorias mais significativas foram desrespeito, maus tratos, indignação e segurança. Conclui-se da necessidade de prevenção no âmbito informativo, bem como de conscientização da população com prioridade para detecção e prevenção de casos de violência contra os idosos.

  18. Lowering infant mortality in Cuba: Fernando Domínguez MD PhD. Neonatologist, Ramón González Coro University Maternity Hospital, Havana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domínguez, Fernando; Gorry, Conner

    2015-01-01

    Neonatologist Dr Fernando Domínguez served two years in a remote municipality of Cuba's Guantánamo Province upon graduation from medical school in 1973. Continuing his commitment to vulnerable populations, he joined the Cuban team in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, serving as a family doctor attending neonates and children. After returning to Cuba, he completed his pediatric residency and later became head of the neurodevelopment department at Havana's Ramón González Coro University Maternity Hospital, where he has worked for over three decades. Dr Domínguez holds a doctorate in medical sciences, and since 1995 has served on the board of the Cuban Society of Pediatrics, where he was President from 2005-2011. He is also a member of the Ministry of Public Health's National Bioethics Commission; President of the Scientific Council of the Manuel Fajardo Medical School; on the Executive Board of the Latin American Association of Pediatrics; and a member of the Permanent Commission of the International Pediatric Association (IPA). Since 2010, he has served on IPA's Commission for Child Environmental Health and is the Editor-in-Chief of the pediatric section of Infomed, Cuba's national health portal.

  19. Una síntesis poética entre nacionalismo y tercer mundo: a propósito de Sur de Fernando E. Solanas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Casimiro TORREIRO

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available La inclusión de un filme como Sur, segunda parte del discutido, aunque provechoso díptico que, junto con Tangos, el exilio de Gardel, realizara el argentino Fernando Ezequiel Solanas para hablar del exilio, dentro de un texto más general que aborde la cuestión de “cine y nacionalismo” necesita de alguna precisión previa. Película militantemente peronista, como peronista era,hasta aquella fecha, su director, y eslabón en una cadena de productos políticamente comprometidos con la causa de la liberación nacional y el antiimperialismo, que arranca en la fundacional, y fundamental, La hora de los hornos, Sur se eleva, no obstante, por encima de las contingencias de lo inmediato para intentar trazar un retrato subjetivo, a la vez político y poético de una realidad de la que el autor, después del trauma colectivo y personal que supuso la dictadura militar impuesta en la Argentina en 1976, estuvo física,aunque no sentimentalmente, alejado durante casi veinte años.

  20. City and School: the Visible Construction of the Fernando Gomes Elementary School in Porto Alegre/RS - Brazil (1913-1935

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    Tatiane De Freitas Ermel

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In the context of studies about space and school architecture, this article analyses the visual construction of the Fernando Gomes Elementary School, which was located in downtown Porto Alegre/RS, Brazil between 1913 and 1935. Designed by the engineer Afonso Hébert, head of the Department of Public Works in the State of Rio Grande do Sul/RS, the building was completed in 1922. In addition to functional elements, i.e., a large number of classrooms that would serve to increase the access of children to primary school, its monumental proportions incorporated a series of symbolic elements aligned with the ideals of the First Brazilian Republic (1889–1930. The documentary analysis was performed on the archives of the Directorship of Public Education and the Directorship of Public Works of Rio Grande do Sul, as well as various iconographic sources, capital improvement plans and periodicals of the time. The construction of the school inaugurated a new conception of the space and architecture of public elementary schools in the State, as the visible improvement and sanitation of the cities were considered of great importance in the period. The construction of school buildings was also one of the greatest advertising tools of the new Republican political regime.

  1. Democracia, Estado e combate à corrupção no pensamento político e judiciário de Sérgio Fernando Moro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Cesar Venturini

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho analisa a formação do pensamento político do juiz federal Sergio Fernando Moro a partir de quatro artigos escritos por ele, bem como a tradução do trabalho de um promotor estadunidense, entre os anos de 1999 e 2008, período em que se segmentou na magistratura como juiz especializado em casos de crime organizado, corrupção e lavagem de dinheiro. A síntese da comparação dos trabalhos mostra como o juiz formou um pensamento político no qual o Poder Judiciário deve ser sobreposto aos demais poderes republicanos, pois, para ele, a fonte de toda corrupção vem da política e da administração pública, os quais são capturados por malfeitores que ocupam cargos no Legislativo e no Executivo. Dessa forma, a própria natureza do trabalho e dos processos de seleção por mérito em concurso público confere ao juiz o poder de reinterpretar leis, substituir obrigações jurídicas por argumentos morais e suplantar provas indiciárias por apoio da “opinião pública”.

  2. EVALUACIÓN POST-OCUPACIÓN DEL PABELLÓN PROF. PABELLÓN ANTONIO FERNANDO RODRIGUES (UERJ DE LA SATISFACCIÓN DEL USUARIO

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    Jairo Ferreira Lopes de Farias

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Post Occupancy Evaluation defines the methods and techniques to characterize the strength and weaknesses of a constructed structure by considering the users satisfaction in meeting their needs during the course of its use. This evaluation records the findings of the POE of the Pavillon Prof. Antônio Fernando Rodrigues, Maracanã campus of the State University of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ, relative to the environmental quality from the satisfaction of users. Results of the evaluation of the degree of satisfaction of the users reveal a positive response towards artificial illumination, artificial ventilation, the temperature in winter and in summer and the natural illumination. In general it was found that users considered the building well lit, properly temperature controlled and of appropriate size, but needed better soundproofing. The analysis led to recommendations for improvements in comforts and functionality of this environment. These findings can contribute to the improvement for future projects, avoiding the repetition of inadequacies and the consequent dissatisfaction of users, and for better post-occupancy management. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12957/sustinere.2015.20004

  3. Reflexiones sobre problemas de biología reproductiva del mango Ataúlfo en el Soconusco, Chiapas

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    Malc R. Gehrke Vélez

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available El Soconusco, en el Estado mexicano de Chiapas, es una región de gran potencial agroproductivo. Sin embargo, desde los años 50 del siglo pasado, sus ecosistemas han sido constantemente devastados por tecnologías inapropiadas de producción agropecuaria, lo cual ha afectado negativamente su productividad y muchos de los cultivos que parecían promisorios han quedado descartados por incosteabilidad. Hoy surge una nueva posibilidad de desarrollo sostenible con la plantación de mango “Ataúlfo”, una variedad de origen local que ha sido desarrollada hasta llegar a ser uno de los cultivos más importantes de la región desde el punto de vista de productividad y rentabilidad. El fruto de esta variedad presenta características morfológicas y organolépticas muy deseables y, a escala mundial, se está posicionando como una fruta de alta calidad y deseabilidad en el mercado. Sin embargo, después de más de cuarenta años de desarrollo, los huertos de Ataúlfo están siendo afectados por problemas de biología reproductiva que están causando falta de prendimiento y aborto de flores y frutas. En huertos donde se llegaron a producir más de 15 toneladas de fruta por hectárea, ahora se cosechan menos de cuatro. Se hizo una revisión exhaustiva de trabajos de investigación en diversas partes del mundo lo cual genera una hipótesis sobre las posibles causas del fenómeno del “mango niño” y del mango “partenocárpico”, así como de la caída prematura de flores y frutos. Se discute también la posibilidad de una incompatibilidad alo- y endogámica de la variedad Ataúlfo. Todos estos fenómenos parecen estar relacionados con cambios en la temperatura y precipitación en el área, causados por prácticas inapropiadas de cultivo en épocas anteriores y por fenómenos globales, como la incidencia de huracanes y el calentamiento global.  Finalmente, se hacen recomendaciones para desarrollar líneas de investigación que resuelvan estos

  4. Conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre el dengue en las escuelas primarias de Tapachula, Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Torres

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar los conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre el dengue en alumnos de escuelas primarias de Tapachula, Chiapas, México, antes y después de una intervención educativa. MÉTODOS: El estudio se desarrolló en 19 escuelas primarias públicas seleccionadas al azar. Se aplicaron encuestas de conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas antes y después de una estrategia educativa a alumnos de 5º y 6º grado de nivel primario. La estrategia educativa se denominó "Escuelas sin mosquitos" e hizo énfasis en la importancia de la participación de los alumnos en el autocuidado de sus escuelas y hogares para la prevención del dengue mediante el control del vector. RESULTADOS: Se aplicaron 3 124 encuestas de conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas antes y después de la estrategia educativa, a 1 562 alumnos de 5º y 6º grado (772 y 790 alumnos, respectivamente con edades que oscilaron entre los 10 y los 12 años. El nivel de conocimiento aumentó de manera significativa en comparación con el que los alumnos tenían antes de la estrategia educativa. Los alumnos de 6º grado tenían y adquirieron significativamente más conocimiento sobre varios aspectos de la enfermedad y el vector en comparación a los de 5º grado. En todas las escuelas se hallaron recipientes con agua y 68% de las escuelas tuvieron recipientes positivos para larvas de Aedes aegypti. CONCLUSIONES: Se demostró que mediante la implementación de una estrategia educativa, aumentan el conocimiento, actitudes y prácticas de los niños sobre el autocuidado de sus escuelas y que pueden actuar como promotores del cambio de actitud sobre esta enfermedad en sus hogares.

  5. MODELACIÓN NO LINEAL DE LA SEPARACIÓN DEL FLUJO BASE EN SUBCUENCAS DE CHIAPAS, MÉXICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Manuel Salas Aguilar

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available El f lujo base es un elemento importante dentro de la modelación hidrológica en cuencas. Su estudio resulta clave en la estimación de la relación precipitación-escurrimiento. En este trabajo se separó el f lujo base del gasto total en tres subcuencas en el estado de Chiapas. La variación de la recarga potencial de los acuíferos someros también fue evaluada. Las curvas de recesión se calibraron con el uso de la relación no lineal entre almacenamiento-descarga de un acuífero. El modelo se calibró mensualmente con base en un parámetro (a, el cual se relacionó con el gasto mensual en un enfoque de regresión cuantílica (RC. Este proceso permitió obtener valores del parámetro a escala diaria. Las curvas de recesión para las subcuencas, se ajustaron bien al modelo planteado (R2 > 0.85. La regresión cuantílica permitió ajustar un modelo potencial en los valores extremos inferiores, de modo que el f lujo base no excedió al gasto total. Los índices de f lujo base (IBI fueron 0.74, 0.69 y 0.54, para las subcuencas Cahuacán, Zanatenco y Tulijá respectivamente. La recarga potencial presentó una fuerte estacionalidad, producto de las altas precipitaciones de la zona. La recarga fue mayor para las subcuencas Cahuacán y Zanatenco. La subcuenca Tulijá se encuentra dentro de un acuífero reducido en su extensión, situación que limita una recarga mayor. Se demostró que la aplicación de un modelo no lineal en el análisis de las curvas de recesión es aplicable para evaluar la separación del f lujo base y gasto total en subcuencas con distintas características hidrogeológicas.

  6. Carbono edáfico en Chiapas: planteamiento de políticas públicas de mitigación de emisiones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Covaleda

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Ante los retos que plantea la mitigación del cambio climático en el sector AFOLU (agricultura, forestería y otros usos del suelo, es necesario plantear actividades que, a la vez que disminuyan las emisiones de CO2 a la atmósfera tengan un impacto socio-económico positivo. En Chiapas, el 76% de las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero están ligadas a las actividades que realizan los productores rurales, por lo cual es fundamental que los tomadores de decisiones cuenten con herramientas sencillas de planeación que les permitan desarrollar actividades y programas de política pública encaminados a contribuir en la resolución de esta problemática. Por otra parte, en el estado, aproximadamente la mitad de las emisiones provienen de los suelos. En este trabajo, mediante análisis cartográfico, se identificaron las principales dinámicas de cambio de uso del suelo en Chiapas entre 2007 y 2011 a nivel regional, las cuales fueron: deforestación de bosques secundarios templados para establecer parcelas agrícolas de subsistencia (milpa en los Altos, deforestación de vegetación secundaria de selva alta perennifolia por ganadería extensiva en La Selva y degradación forestal de bosques de pino encino en la Sierra Madre. Utilizando modelos de dinámica de uso del suelo asociado a carbono para distintas regiones de Chiapas, se analizaron sus impactos sobre el carbono edáfico y sus costos de oportunidad para los productores. Además utilizando estos mismos modelos se propusieron actividades de política pública con impactos positivos sobre el almacén de carbono edáfico y sobre indicadores socio-económicos. Los sistemas propuestos como alternativa sustentable fueron: la labranza de conservación y el MIAF (maíz intercalado con árboles frutales, en los Altos, sistemas silvopastoriles en la Selva y protección de bosques secundarios, bosques con plan de manejo forestal y plantaciones forestales en la Sierra.

  7. Late Mesoproterozoic to Early Paleozoic history of metamorphic basement from the southeastern Chiapas Massif Complex, Mexico, and implications for the evolution of NW Gondwana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Bodo; González-Guzmán, Reneé; Manjarrez-Juárez, Román; Cisneros de León, Alejandro; Martens, Uwe; Solari, Luigi; Hecht, Lutz; Valencia, Victor

    2018-02-01

    In this paper, U-Pb zircon geochronology, Lu-Hf and Sm-Nd isotope systematics, geochemistry and geothermobarometry of metaigneous basement rocks exposed in the southeastern Chiapas Massif Complex are presented. Geologic mapping of the newly defined "El Triunfo Complex" located at the southeastern edge of the Chiapas Massif reveals (1) partial melting of a metamorphic basement mainly constituted by mafic metaigneous rocks (Candelaria unit), (2) an Ediacaran metasedimentary sequence (Jocote unit), and (3) occurrence of massif-type anorthosite. All these units are intruded by undeformed Ordovician plutonic rocks of the Motozintla suite. Pressure and temperature estimates using Ca-amphiboles, plagioclase and phengite revealed prograde metamorphism that reached peak conditions at 650 °C and 6 kbar, sufficient for partial melting under water saturated conditions. Relict rutile in titanite and clinopyroxene in amphibolite further indicate a previous metamorphic event at higher P-T conditions. U-Pb zircon ages from felsic orthogneiss boudins hosted in deformed amphibolite and migmatite yield crystallization ages of 1.0 Ga, indicating that dry granitic protoliths represent remnants of Rodinia-type basement. Additionally, a mid-Tonian ( 920 Ma) metamorphic overprint is suggested by recrystallized zircon from a banded gneiss. Zircon from folded amphibolite samples yield mainly Ordovician ages ranging from 457 to 444 Ma that are indistinguishable from the age of the undeformed Motozintla plutonic suite. Similar ages between igneous- and metamorphic- zircon suggest a coeval formation during a high-grade metamorphic event, in which textural discrepancies are explained in terms of differing zircon formation mechanisms such as sub-solidus recrystallization and precipitation from anatectic melts. In addition, some amphibolite samples contain inherited zircon yielding Stenian-Tonian ages around 1.0 Ga. Lu-Hf and Sm-Nd isotopes and geochemical data indicate that the protoliths of

  8. Entre el textil y el ámbar: Las funciones psicosociales del trabajo artesanal en artesanos tsotsiles de La Ilusión, Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perla Shiomara Del Carpio Ovando

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available

    The aim of this research is to study the psychosocial functions of the artisan work made by indigenous artisans from a Tsotsil community in Chiapas, Mexico. The analysis of handicrafts encourages reflection on economic aspects in intimate relation with cultural and psychosocial elements. It is argued that those who work on the production of handicrafts face many difficulties such as precariousness, little social recognition, discrimination and exclusion. Despite this all, handicrafts contribute to the economic, social and cultural reproduction of those who make them. Also, handicrafts are privileged elements as they are vehicles of multiple social, historical and group belonging meanings through which is possible to “track” processes of social transformation. Based on the findings obtained while conducting field work in Chiapas, a model of the psychosocial functions of the indigenous artisan work is proposed in this dissertation.

    Esta investigación tiene como objetivo principal el estudio de las funciones psicosociales del trabajo artesanal que realizan artesanos indígenas de una comunidad tsotsil de Chiapas, México. Constata esta tesis que el análisis de las artesanías invita a reflexionar necesariamente sobre aspectos económicos en íntima relación con aspectos de índole cultural y psicosocial. Se defiende también aquí que quienes se dedican a la producción de artesanías enfrentan múltiples dificultades dentro de las que sobresale la precariedad, el poco reconocimiento social, la discriminación y la exclusión. A pesar de ello, las artesanías contribuyen a la reproducción económica, social y cultural de quienes lo realizan, y constituyen elementos privilegiados en tanto vehículos de múltiples significados sociales, históricos y de pertenencia grupal, a través de los cuales es posible “rastrear” procesos de transformación social. Por ello, a la luz de los datos obtenidos en el trabajo de campo, esta tesis

  9. Los maestros de obras aprobados por la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando (1816-1858 : una profesión en continuo conflicto con los arquitectos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosario Santamaría Almolda

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Los maestros de obras fueron unos profesionales titulados a los cuales la legislación les reconoció una serie de facultades para diseñar y dirigir construcciones. Estas facultades provocaron a lo largo del siglo xix un continuo conflicto de competencias profesionales con los arquitectos. Tenían los maestros de obras menos conocimientos y estudios que los arquitectos por sus menos años de carrera, pero con suficiente capacidad científica para proyectar. Estos diplomados después de un período de formación en las Academias o en los estudios de los arquitectos y, posterioremente en la Escuela Especial de Arquitectura, sabían conjugar la teoría con la práctica.The work managers were qualified professionals with less knowledges than the architects but with enought scientific capacity for making a proyect. The law admited that they were able to design and run a construction proyect and this will produce in the xix century a clash of professional competences between architecs and works managers as this work managers after a period of studies in academies or in the office of the architecs, and after that in the Special School of Architecture, were able to put together theory and practique.

  10. Los sitios arqueológicos de Chilón, Nachoj, Mukana y Natentsun, municipio de Chilón, Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Sheseña Hernández

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Los sitios arqueológicos de Chilón, Mukana, Natentsun y Nachoj, localizados en el municipio de Chilón, al norte de Chiapas, representan un complejo histórico de relevancia por sus restos arquitectónicos y escultóricos. Dado que las pocas referencias que existen sobre estos monumentos se encuentran olvidadas y dispersas, e incluso inéditas, una buena manera de retomar la discusión sobre estos restos arqueológicos para la discusión actual es reuniendo y sistematizando la información existente para, a continuación, ensayar una nueva valoración histórica sobre ellos a la luz de las últimas ideas sobre la historia de los antiguos mayas.

  11. Efectos del mercado desregulado sobre los campesinos productores de café de Los Altos de Chiapas: el caso de UCIPA

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    Eliezer Fernando Pérez Pérez

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analizan las consecuencias del mercado desregulado sobre la producción y la comercialización del café de los campesinos agrupados en la Unión de Comunidades Indígenas de Producción Agrícola Santa Catarina Pantelhó (UCIPA, en la región Altos de Chiapas, quienes desde 2000, contra la lógica de las organizaciones de café orgánico, incursionaron en el mercado del café convencional. Se reflexiona sobre el presente y las perspectivas en una economía basada en la racionalidad neoliberal, sin regulación del Estado. Destacan las estrategias de los productores para sortear las dificultades de las relaciones de mercado y los efectos del cambio climático.

  12. Actividad antioxidante de clones de cacao (Theobroma cacao l.) finos y aromáticos cultivados en el estado de Chiapas-México

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez González, Martha Beatriz; Cely Niño, Víctor Hugo; Ramírez, Sandra Isabel

    2013-01-01

    Objetivo: determinar la capacidad antioxidante y contenido de grasa de clones de cacao, provenientes de especies nativas del Estado de Chiapas, México. Materiales y métodos: en extractos de 34 muestras semillas de cacao diluidas en metanol al 95% y clasificadas según pH en tres grupos: I (5,52-5,90), II (5,91- 6,28) y III (6,29-6,67), se realizaron ensayos analíticos de variables físicas y químicas. Se evaluó la inhibición de radicales 2,2-difenil-2-picrilhidrazil (DPPH) a 517 nm, el contenid...

  13. "Sin música no hay fiesta, no hay nada": aproximaciones a las expresiones musicales indígenas en Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Alonso Bolaños

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde un enfoque antropológico del arte y la estética, en este artículo se exploran las posibilidades para abordar aspectos de la constitución de las expresiones musicales indígenas contemporáneas del estado del Chiapas, en el sureste de México. Se discuten también, las perspectivas indígenas acerca de los procesos de creación musical (interpretación y transmisión-aprendizaje, el papel de los instrumentos musicales y en la audiencia, así como la coexistencia de los distintos estilos y formas, géneros y repertorios musicales.

  14. Percepciones campesinas indígenas acerca del cambio climático en la cuenca de Jovel, Chiapas – México

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    Denise Soares

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio constituye una primera aproximación a los saberes y percepciones manifestados por campesinos indígenas de la cuenca de Jovel, ubicada en Los Altos de Chiapas - México, acerca de las manifestaciones y evidencias locales del cambio climático, en especial la variación en la periodicidad e intensidad de las heladas, lluvias y granizadas. Recuperamos sus posiciones acerca de los impactos que estos fenómenos producen en sus medios y condiciones de vida, a través de la aplicación de entrevistas semi-estructuradas. Los resultados encontrados apuntan que en estos nuevos tiempos, impactados por los cambios en el régimen de lluvias, de heladas y de granizadas, se vienen poniendo en tela de juicio las perspectivas de riesgo conocidas y los indicadores locales de predictibilidad climática.

  15. La regla agustina: amor como apetito. Breve historia del abandono del espíritu agustino por los hermanos predicadores en Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Di Giacomo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Agustín de Hipona funda todos sus estudios teológicos en el amor. La regla agustina es un código de normas adoptado en diferentes contextos monásticos y también por los dominicos desde la fundación de la orden. Esta regla motiva hacia el amor caritativo y la espiritualidad de la vida comunitaria, compuesta por vida contemplativa y vida activa. El presente artículo propone analizar el espíritu agustino de los hermanos predicadores durante el trabajo de evangelización en Chiapas, y mostrar, a partir de la definición agustina del amor, entendido como appetitus , un desvío de la espiritualidad de la orden hacia la codicia , el falso amor que se agarra al mundo.

  16. Conflicto, colaboración y co-teorización en un proceso intercultural de diseño curricular en Chiapas

    OpenAIRE

    Sartorello, Stefano C.

    2013-01-01

    En esta tesis se realiza un análisis crítico del proceso de co-teorización intercultural del modelo curricular de educación intercultural bilingüe UNEM, una propuesta educativa intercultural bilingüe diseñada en Chiapas por un grupo intercultural de colaboradores integrado por educadores comunitarios mayas de la Unión de Maestros de la Nueva Educación para México (UNEM) y asesores académicos no indígenas. El primer capítulo de la tesis presenta una reflexión sobre los principios de la ped...

  17. Elementos de la praxis y del corpus del conocimiento etnoecológico tseltal en comunidades de la Sierra Norte de Chiapas

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    José Ramón Rodríguez Moreno

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Las estrategias de uso y manejo de los ecosistemas como las que practican los tseltales en la Sierra Norte de Chiapas han sido insistentemente descritas por una visión occidental “científica” como sistemas de baja productividad y derrochadoras de recursos naturales. En este estudio se reseñan algunos aspectos del cosmos, corpus y praxis del conocimiento que se posee en comunidades tseltales, a partir del hilo conductor de un rubro específico del campo mexicano, el maíz, y de otras manifestaciones del conocimiento local, que permiten desmontar la marginación del sistema de conocimiento local con que lo ha revestido la visión occidental.

  18. Enhanced Preliminary Assessment Report: Presidio of San Francisco Military Reservation, San Francisco, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-11-01

    CAD981415656 Filmore Steiner Bay San Francisco 24 PG&E Gas Plant SanFran 502-IG CAD981415714 Bay North Point Buchanan Laguna 25 PG&E Gas Plant SanFran 502-1H...76-ioV /5,JO /0.7 /,230 PSF Water PSF, Main U.N. Lagunda Honda Analvte Plant Clearwell Reservoir Plaza Reservoi- Chlordane inetab. ə.2 ə.2 (1.2 ə.2

  19. A case for historic joint rupture of the San Andreas and San Jacinto faults

    OpenAIRE

    Lozos, Julian C.

    2016-01-01

    The San Andreas fault is considered to be the primary plate boundary fault in southern California and the most likely fault to produce a major earthquake. I use dynamic rupture modeling to show that the San Jacinto fault is capable of rupturing along with the San Andreas in a single earthquake, and interpret these results along with existing paleoseismic data and historic damage reports to suggest that this has likely occurred in the historic past. In particular, I find that paleoseismic data...

  20. Biodiversity and distribution of helminths and protozoa in naturally infected horses from the biosphere reserve La Sierra Madre de Chiapas", México.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Güiris, A D M; Rojas, H N M; Berovides, A V; Sosa, P J; Pérez, E M E; Cruz, A E; Chávez, H C; Moguel, A J A; Jimenez-Coello, M; Ortega-Pacheco, A

    2010-06-24

    A cross sectional survey was performed to identify gastrointestinal helminths and protozoans in naturally infected horses from the biosphere reserve known as "La Sierra Madre de Chiapas", Mexico (El Triunfo and La Sepultura). During a three-year survey, fecal samples from 90 horses and parasites from 2 necropsied animals were collected. Five families from the Nematoda class: Ascaridae, Kathlanidae, Oxyuridae, Strongylidae and Trichostrongylidae were found, whereas, only one family from the class Cestoda, was observed: Anoplocephalidae. One family from the class Insecta, was observed: Gasterophiilidae. The number of species of parasites ranged from 13 to 18 with an average of 15 per animal. Adult parasites were recovered from the large intestine luminal contents at necropsy. Species recovered included: Strongylus vulgaris, S. equinus, S. edentatus, Oxyuris equi, Parascaris equorum, Coronocyclus coronatum, C. labiatus, C. labratus, Cyathostomum tetracanthum, Cylicocyclus insigne, C. leptostomus, Cylicodontophorus bicoronatus, Cylicostephanus asymetricus, C. bidentatus, C. minutus, C. longibursatus, Petrovinema poculatum, Poteriostomum imparidentatum, Cylicostephanus goldi, Tridentoinfundibulum gobi, Triodontophorus serratus and T. tenuicollis. One species of Diptera were recovered from stomach and identified: Gasterophilus intestinalis. Furthermore, different species of protozoa were recovered from fresh horse-dung and identified in four classes: Sporozoa, Litostomatea, Ciliasida and Suctoria. Nine families: Cryptosporidiidae, Eimeriidae, Balantidiidae, Buetschliidae, Blepharocorythidae, Cycloposthiidae, Spirodiniididae, Ditoxidae, Acinetidae; and 31 ciliates species were recorded: Allantosoma dicorniger, A. intestinalis, Alloiozona trizona, Blepharosphaera intestinalis, Blepharoprosthium pireum, Blepharoconus benbrooki, Bundleia postciliata, Didesmis ovalis, D. quadrata, Sulcoarcus pellucidulus, Blepharocorys angusta, B. cardionucleata, B. curvigula, B. juvata, B

  1. ANÁLISIS DE LA ESTRUCTURA ARBÓREA DEL SISTEMA AGROFORESTAL DE CACAO (Theobroma cacao L. EN EL SOCONUSCO, CHIAPAS - MÉXICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Alexander Roa Romero

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Se determinó la abundancia, riqueza, importancia, equidad y diversidad de los árboles encontrados en sistemas agroforestales de cacao, del Soconusco, Chiapas, México. La presente investigación, se desarrolló en la región costera del Soconusco, ubicada al sur del estado de Chiapas; se muestrearon los municipios de Huehuetán, Tapachula y Tuxtla Chico, por ser los más representativos en área sembrada de cacao. En cada municipio, se establecieron al azar siete parcelas temporales de 50 x 50 m cada una, lo que suma en total 5,25 hectáreas, en las cuales se registraron variables como el diámetro a la altura del pecho (DAP: 1,3 m sobre el nivel del suelo, área basal, y sombrío en el cacaotal. Se encontraron 46 especies agrupadas en 21 familias, las especies con el mayor valor de importancia fueron Mangifera indica y Pouteria sapota, convirtiéndose en las especies de sombra más frecuentemente encontradas. La composición florística denotó una mayor similitud en los municipios de Tapachula y Huehuetán, como lo muestra el mayor porcentaje del índice de Jaccard y en lo que respecta a diversidad, el municipio de Tuxtla Chico presentó el mayor valor según el índice de Shannon. Este estudio determina la existencia de una cobertura definitiva de preferencia asociada a los árboles frutales.

  2. Perceptions of and barriers to family planning services in the poorest regions of Chiapas, Mexico: a qualitative study of men, women, and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dansereau, Emily; Schaefer, Alexandra; Hernández, Bernardo; Nelson, Jennifer; Palmisano, Erin; Ríos-Zertuche, Diego; Woldeab, Alex; Zúñiga, Maria Paola; Iriarte, Emma Margarita; Mokdad, Ali H; El Bcheraoui, Charbel

    2017-10-17

    In the poorest regions of Chiapas, Mexico, 50.2% of women in need of contraceptives do not use any modern method. A qualitative study was needed to design effective and culturally appropriate interventions. We used purposive maximum-variation sampling to select eight municipalities with a high proportion of residents in the poorest wealth quintile, including urban, rural, indigenous, and non-indigenous communities. We conducted 44 focus group discussions with 292 women, adolescent women, and men using semi-structured topic guides. We analyzed the data through recursive abstraction. There were intergenerational and cultural gaps in the acceptability of family planning, and in some communities family planning use was greatly limited by gender roles and religious objections to contraception. Men strongly influenced family planning choices in many households, but were largely unreached by outreach and education programs due to their work hours. Respondents were aware of many modern methods but often lacked deeper knowledge and held misconceptions about long-term fertility risks posed by some hormonal methods. Acute physical side effects also dissuaded use. The implant was a new and highly acceptable method due to ease of use, low upkeep, and minimal side effects; however, it was perceived as subject to stock-outs. Adolescent women reported being refused services at health facilities and requested more reproductive health information from their parents and schools. Mass and social media are growing sources of reproductive health information. Our study identifies a number of barriers to family planning that have yet to be adequately addressed by existing programs in Chiapas' poorest regions, and calls for reinvigorated efforts to provide effective, acceptable, and culturally appropriate interventions for these communities.

  3. [Evaluation of the nutritional status of children under 5 years of age: concordance between anthropometric indices in the indigenous population of Chiapas (Mexico)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ochoa-Díaz López, Héctor; García-Parra, Esmeralda; Flores-Guillén, Elena; García-Miranda, Rosario; Solís-Hernández, Roberto

    2017-07-28

    Nutritional status is determined through various methods, including anthropometry. In children under 5 years of age indeces as weight/age (w/a), height/age (h/a), weight/height (w/h) and body mass index (BMI) are used. The purpose of this article is to analyze and compare the ability of different anthropometric indeces to identify children from marginalized communities in Chiapas (Mexico) with nutritional problems. To analyze the correlation among the different anthropometric indeces to determine the nutritional status of children under 5 years of age in poor rural areas with a background of short stature. Cross-sectional study in 1,160 children under 5 years of age in 13 high poverty communities in three regions of Chiapas. The variables studied were age, sex, weight and height. Nutritional status was determined through the indeces w/a, h/a, w/h and BMI. Field staff in charge of taking measurements of weight and height were trained and standardized. Kappa coefficients for agreement between the indeces were calculated. No correlation between BMI and w/a and h/a was found. The prevalence of malnutrition according to h/a was 64.8%. Only high concordance (0.726) between BMI and w/h was found. BMI showed a low prevalence of malnutrition and a higher prevalence of overweight and obesity rates. For a reliable and accurate diagnosis in individuals with a background of chronic malnutrition, it is recommended to use the four indeces together. Doing so it will reduce the risk of underestimating or overestimating nutritional status and will focus actions toward addressing and improving the health and nutrition of children living under extreme poverty conditions.

  4. El proyecto de biocombustibles en Chiapas: experiencias de los productores de piñón (Jatropha curcas en el marco de la crisis rural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica Valero Padilla

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Como un medio para enfrentar la crisis energética y rural, el gobierno del estado de Chiapas optó por establecer plantaciones de piñón (Jatropha curcas para la producción de biodiesel. El presente trabajo consistió en analizar la aceptación de este proyecto en cinco localidades de Chiapas, describir sus resultados durante el primer año y explicarlos considerando la crisis rural que vive el país desde los años ochenta. Para ello se encuestó a 121 agricultores y la información obtenida se analizó mediante estadísticos descriptivos. Los resultados indican que los agricultores aceptaron el proyecto porque deseaban mejorar su condición económica; sin embargo, el desarrollo de las plantaciones fue muy inferior a lo esperado. Las razones de este fracaso fueron la inestabilidad institucional, la falta de soporte proveniente de la investigación científica, la información incompleta ofrecida a los agricultores sobre requerimientos técnicos y de mercado de las plantaciones y la entrega parcial y tardía del subsidio prometido. Los productores descapitalizados no pudieron subsanar estas deficiencias y, en su mayoría, abandonaron el proyecto. Se concluye que las reformas estructurales han influido en esta situación y que la producción de biodiesel no será exitosa a menos que se le respalde con investigación, asesoría y financiamiento adecuados.

  5. Characterization of the spatial and temporal dynamics of the dengue vector population established in urban areas of Fernando de Noronha, a Brazilian oceanic island.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regis, Lêda N; Acioli, Ridelane Veiga; Silveira, José Constantino; de Melo-Santos, Maria Alice Varjal; da Cunha, Mércia Cristiane Santana; Souza, Fátima; Batista, Carlos Alberto Vieira; Barbosa, Rosângela Maria Rodrigues; de Oliveira, Cláudia Maria Fontes; Ayres, Constância Flávia Junqueira; Monteiro, Antonio Miguel Vieira; Souza, Wayner Vieira

    2014-09-01

    Aedes aegypti has played a major role in the dramatic expansion of dengue worldwide. The failure of control programs in reducing the rhythm of global dengue expansion through vector control suggests the need for studies to support more appropriated control strategies. We report here the results of a longitudinal study on Ae. aegypti population dynamics through continuous egg sampling aiming to characterize the infestation of urban areas of a Brazilian oceanic island, Fernando de Noronha. The spatial and temporal distribution of the dengue vector population in urban areas of the island was described using a monitoring system (SMCP-Aedes) based on a 103-trap network for Aedes egg sampling, using GIS and spatial statistics analysis tools. Mean egg densities were estimated over a 29-month period starting in 2011 and producing monthly maps of mosquito abundance. The system detected continuous Ae. aegypti oviposition in most traps. The high global positive ovitrap index (POI=83.7% of 2815 events) indicated the frequent presence of blood-fed-egg laying females at every sampling station. Egg density (eggs/ovitrap/month) reached peak values of 297.3 (0 - 2020) in May and 295 (0 - 2140) in August 2012. The presence of a stable Ae. aegypti population established throughout the inhabited areas of the island was demonstrated. A strong association between egg abundance and rainfall with a 2-month lag was observed, which combined with a first-order autocorrelation observed in the series of egg counts can provide an important forecasting tool. This first description of the characteristics of the island infestation by the dengue vector provides baseline information to analyze relationships between the spatial distribution of the vector and dengue cases, and to the development of integrated vector control strategies. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Valores hematológicos de tartarugas marinhas Chelonia mydas (Linaeus, 1758 juvenis selvagens do Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, Pernambuco, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Renan de Deus Santos

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Foram determinados os valores hematológicos de referência para 60 tartarugas marinhas Chelonia mydas juvenis selvagens aparentemente saudáveis do Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, Pernambuco, Brasil nos meses de julho a setembro de 2003. Os resultados obtidos foram: Hematócrito 21,4 a 36,6 %; Hemácias 0,244 a 0,554 x10(6/µl; Hemoglobina 5,9 a 14,0 g/dl; Volume Corpuscular Médio 500,4 a 986,1 fl; Hemoglobina Corpuscular Média 144,0 a 367,1 pg; Concentração de Hemoglobina Corpuscular Média 23,7 a 45,1 g/dl; Leucócitos 1178,8 a 8259,6 /µl; Monócitos 15,4 a 1494,3 /µl; Linfócitos 221,1 a 1924,8 /µl; Heterófilos 621,5 a 4317,8 /µl; Eosinófilos 96,1 a 1831,0 /µl; Basófilos 0,0 a 45,3 /µl e Trombócitos 9513,2 a 36316,5 /µl. A comparação dos resultados obtidos com os dados da literatura reforça a necessidade do estabelecimento de valores hematológicos específicos para aglomerações em diferentes condições geográficas, climáticas, faixas de tamanho e diferentes metodologias. Devido a estas influências estes valores não devem ser extrapolados para outras aglomerações e devem ser usados com critério para avaliação clínica de indivíduos sob outras condições.

  7. Fernando Pessoa, herdeiro do mundo mágico. As raízes ocultas da poética pessoana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Catania Marrone

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2176-8552.2016n20p65 Se é verdade que a Modernidade representa, na opinião de muitos, o triunfo do progresso científico e da razão, é também verdade que nos seus fundamentos se encontra uma visão mágica e irracional do mundo, de maneira alguma desaparecida da nossa cultura. O presente artigo divide-se em uma introdução às raízes ocultas da época moderna, nas suas facetas artísticas, filosóficas e literárias, em seguida focando a atenção na figura de Fernando Pessoa. O poeta português, de facto, é herdeiro direto de uma antiga Weltanschauung mágica, que passa por Marsílio Ficino e Giordano Bruno, mas também por Johann Wolfang Von Goethe e por Isaac Newton, para chegar a poetas modernos como William Butler Yeats e Thomas Stearns Elliot, mas também ao próprio Pessoa. A paixão do poeta pela astrologia, pela filosofia hermética e pelo ocultismo não era apenas um passatempo, mas uma verdadeira chave de leitura para compreender o mundo, interpretá-lo e reelaborá-lo através da criação poética.

  8. Helminths from an introduced species (Tupinambis merianae), and two endemic species (Trachylepis atlantica and Amphisbaena ridley) from Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramalho, A C O; da Silva, R J; Schwartz, H O; Péres, A K

    2009-08-01

    The present study reports the occurrence of helminths in the introduced species Tupinambis merianae (tegu lizard), and in two endemic species Trachylepis atlantica (small lizard) and Amphisbaena ridleyi (two-head-snake lizard ), from Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, State of Pernambuco, Brazil. Nine species of helminths were found, mainly in the digestive tract and accessory organs, with the following prevalence (P) and mean infection intensity (MII). Tupinambis merianae: Diaphanocephalus galeatus (P = 96%, MII = 20.5), Spinicauda spinicauda (P = 100%, MII = 197.8), and Oochoristica sp.l (P = 20%, MII = 4.4). Trachylepis atlantica: Moaciria alvarengai (P = 20%, MII = 1.4), S. spinicauda (P = 92%, MII = 22.1), Mesocoelium monas (P = 4%, MII = 3.0), Platynosomum sp. (P = 8%, MII = 7.0), and Oochoristica sp.2 (P = 16%, MII = 1.25). Amphisbaena ridleyi: Aplectana albae (P = 96%, MII = 143.4), Thelandros alvarengai (P = 4%, MII = 1.0), Me. monas (P = 44%, MII = 2.8), Platynosomum sp. (P = 36%; MII = 13.8), and Oochoristica sp.2 (P = 48%; MII = 2.17). More than 80% of T. merianae were infected with 2, or more, helminth species. In Tr. atlantica, single-species infections were present in 50% of the specimens, but co-occurrence of 2 parasites was also high (41.7%). In A. ridleyi, multiple infections were more common, with up to 5 parasite species present. The helminth fauna observed allowed us to conclude that helminths can be carried together with their host when they colonize new geographic localities and that these introduced helminths can, in turn, colonize endemic, or native, hosts.

  9. Evaluación del desempeño del docente de la unidad educativa Prof. Fernando Ramírez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge F. Ojeda Rodríguez

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available En la aplicación práctica de sistema de evaluación del desempeño de los maestros cada día recobra más importancia en pro de mejorar las cualidades profesionales del docente. Por lo que el propósito de este estudio es analizar el Evaluación Del Desempeño Del Docente De La Unidad Educativa Prof. Fernando Ramírez Municipio Independencia Estado Yaracuy, en sus dimensiones pedagógicas, emocional y de responsabilidad se fundamenta en una investigación descriptiva apoyado en un diseño de campo. La población estuvo representada por treinta y dos (32 docentes que laboran en el plantel objeto de este estudio, la muestra fue la totalidad de la población, para recolectar la información se elaboró como instrumento un cuestionario de 30 ítems con escala tipo Likert con cuatro alternativas de respuestas el cual se sometió a la validez de contenido a través del juicio de expertos, asimismo se aplicó el Coeficiente de Confiabilidad Alfa-Cronbach, obteniéndose como resultado 0,90. Para analizar la información se procedió a la tabulación, codificación y graficación de datos. Sobre la base de los resultados se presentaron las conclusiones del estudio.

  10. Description of gravity cores from San Pablo Bay and Carquinez Strait, San Francisco Bay, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodrow, Donald L.; John L. Chin,; Wong, Florence L.; Fregoso, Theresa A.; Jaffe, Bruce E.

    2017-06-27

    Seventy-two gravity cores were collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in 1990, 1991, and 2000 from San Pablo Bay and Carquinez Strait, California. The gravity cores collected within San Pablo Bay contain bioturbated laminated silts and sandy clays, whole and broken bivalve shells (mostly mussels), fossil tube structures, and fine-grained plant or wood fragments. Gravity cores from the channel wall of Carquinez Strait east of San Pablo Bay consist of sand and clay layers, whole and broken bivalve shells (less than in San Pablo Bay), trace fossil tubes, and minute fragments of plant material.

  11. 76 FR 9709 - Water Quality Challenges in the San Francisco Bay/Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta Estuary

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-22

    ... Water Quality Challenges in the San Francisco Bay/Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta Estuary AGENCY... the San Francisco Bay/ Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta Estuary (Bay Delta Estuary) in California. EPA is... programs to address recent significant declines in multiple aquatic species in the Bay Delta Estuary. EPA...

  12. 33 CFR 165.776 - Security Zone; Coast Guard Base San Juan, San Juan Harbor, Puerto Rico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Security Zone; Coast Guard Base San Juan, San Juan Harbor, Puerto Rico 165.776 Section 165.776 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST... Guard District § 165.776 Security Zone; Coast Guard Base San Juan, San Juan Harbor, Puerto Rico (a...

  13. 76 FR 22809 - Safety Zone; Bay Ferry II Maritime Security Exercise; San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-25

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 [Docket No. USCG-2011-0196] RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Bay Ferry II Maritime Security Exercise; San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, CA AGENCY... Security Exercise; San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, CA. (a) Location. The limits of this safety zone...

  14. 76 FR 10945 - San Luis Trust Bank, FSB, San Luis Obispo, CA; Notice of Appointment of Receiver

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-28

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Office of Thrift Supervision San Luis Trust Bank, FSB, San Luis Obispo, CA; Notice of Appointment of Receiver Notice is hereby given that, pursuant to the authority... appointed the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation as sole Receiver for San Luis Trust Bank, FSB, San Luis...

  15. Perspective View, San Andreas Fault

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    The prominent linear feature straight down the center of this perspective view is California's famous San Andreas Fault. The image, created with data from NASA's Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM), will be used by geologists studying fault dynamics and landforms resulting from active tectonics. This segment of the fault lies west of the city of Palmdale, Calif., about 100 kilometers (about 60 miles) northwest of Los Angeles. The fault is the active tectonic boundary between the North American plate on the right, and the Pacific plate on the left. Relative to each other, the Pacific plate is moving away from the viewer and the North American plate is moving toward the viewer along what geologists call a right lateral strike-slip fault. Two large mountain ranges are visible, the San Gabriel Mountains on the left and the Tehachapi Mountains in the upper right. Another fault, the Garlock Fault lies at the base of the Tehachapis; the San Andreas and the Garlock Faults meet in the center distance near the town of Gorman. In the distance, over the Tehachapi Mountains is California's Central Valley. Along the foothills in the right hand part of the image is the Antelope Valley, including the Antelope Valley California Poppy Reserve. The data used to create this image were acquired by SRTM aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour, launched on February 11, 2000.This type of display adds the important dimension of elevation to the study of land use and environmental processes as observed in satellite images. The perspective view was created by draping a Landsat satellite image over an SRTM elevation model. Topography is exaggerated 1.5 times vertically. The Landsat image was provided by the United States Geological Survey's Earth Resources Observations Systems (EROS) Data Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.SRTM uses the same radar instrument that comprised the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) that flew twice on the Space Shuttle Endeavour

  16. Performance of BATAN-SANS instrument

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ikram, Abarrul; Insani, Andon [National Nuclear Energy Agency, P and D Centre for Materials Science and Technology, Serpong (Indonesia)

    2003-03-01

    SANS data from some standard samples have been obtained using BATAN-SANS instrument in Serpong. The experiments were performed for various experimental set-ups that involve different detector positions and collimator lengths. This paper describes the BATAN-SANS instrument briefly as well as the data taken from those experiments and followed with discussion of the results concerning the performance and calibration of the instrument. The standard samples utilized in these experiments include porous silica, polystyrene-poly isoprene, silver behenate, poly ball and polystyrene-poly (ethylene-alt-propylene). Even though the results show that BATAN-SANS instrument is in good shape, but rooms for improvements are still widely open especially for the velocity selector and its control system. (author)

  17. AMS San Diego Testbed - Calibration Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — The data in this repository were collected from the San Diego, California testbed, namely, I-15 from the interchange with SR-78 in the north to the interchange with...

  18. San Antonio Bay 1986-1989

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The effect of salinity on utilization of shallow-water nursery habitats by aquatic fauna was assessed in San Antonio Bay, Texas. Overall, 272 samples were collected...

  19. San Francisco Bay Interferometric Bathymetry: Area B

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — High resolution sonar data were collected over ultra-shallow areas of the San Francisco Bay estuary system. Bathymetric and acoustic backscatter data were collected...

  20. April 1906 San Francisco, USA Images

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The 1906 San Francisco earthquake was the largest event (magnitude 8.3) to occur in the conterminous United States in the 20th Century. Recent estimates indicate...

  1. San Jacinto Tries Management by Objectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deegan, William

    1974-01-01

    San Jacinto, California, has adopted a measurable institutional objectives approach to management by objectives. Results reflect, not only improved cost effectiveness of community college education, but also more effective educational programs for students. (Author/WM)

  2. Radon emanation on San Andreas Fault

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    King, C.-Y.

    1978-01-01

    It is stated that subsurface radon emanation monitored in shallow dry holes along an active segment of the San Andreas fault in central California shows spatially coherent large temporal variations that seem to be correlated with local seismicity. (author)

  3. SANS observations on weakly flocculated dispersions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mischenko, N.; Ourieva, G.; Mortensen, K.

    1997-01-01

    Structural changes occurring in colloidal dispersions of poly-(methyl metacrylate) (PMMA) particles, sterically stabilized with poly-(12-hydroxystearic acid) (PHSA), while varying the solvent quality, temperature and shear rate, are investigated by small-angle neutron scattering (SANS......). For a moderately concentrated dispersion in a marginal solvent the transition on cooling from the effective stability to a weak attraction is monitored, The degree of attraction is determined in the framework of the sticky spheres model (SSM), SANS and rheological results are correlated....

  4. Trouble Brewing in San Diego. Policy Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buck, Stuart

    2010-01-01

    The city of San Diego will face enormous budgetary pressures from the growing deficits in public pensions, both at a state and local level. In this policy brief, the author estimates that San Diego faces total of $45.4 billion, including $7.95 billion for the county pension system, $5.4 billion for the city pension system, and an estimated $30.7…

  5. História natural dos amborés e peixes-macaco (Actinopterygii, Blennioidei, Gobioidei do Parque Nacional Marinho do Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, sob um enfoque comportamental Natural history focus blennies and gobis behaviour (Actinopterygii, Blennioidei, Gobioidei from Fernando de Noronha Archipelago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liana de F. Mendes

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Os amborês e peixes-macaco, como são popularmente conhecidos gobiídeos e bleniídeos, são elementos dominantes da fauna de pequenos peixes bentônicos e litorâneos que habitam recifes tropicais, compondo grande parte da alta diversidade das espécies de pequeno porte encontrada no Atlântico ocidental. O estudo da distribuição e história natural dos gobióides e blenióides de Fernando de Noronha foi desenvolvido através de observações de campo. Além da descrição dos hábitats preferenciais foram abordados aspectos sociais tais como, habitat preferencial, interações intra- e interespecíficas, comportamento domiciliar e territorial, e comportamento reprodutivo. A maioria das espécies em foco apresenta distribuição principalmente litorânea, são gregárias, com áreas domiciliares relativamente pequenas em torno de 2 x 2 m², pouco agressivas, tendo sido ocasionalmente registradas curtas perseguições intra- e interespecíficas. A baixa agressividade registrada, em comparação com outros peixes é provavelmente associada à adaptação à ocupação de pequenas áreas, como é o caso das poças de marés, pois um grande número de interações agressivas representaria um gasto de energia desnecessário. No geral, as espécies possuem coloração críptica, associada à evitação de predadores. Apenas nestas épocas de reprodução foi observada a intensificação da agressividade, com comportamento territorial - defesa de território incluindo mordidas e perseguições.The gobis and blenis (Gobiidae and Bleniidae are the most important group of small benthic littoral fishes in tropical reefs, representing most of the high number of small fish species found in Western Atlantic. The natural history of gobiid and bleniid fish from Fernando de Noronha was assessed by means observation sessions using both snorkelling and scuba diving. Most of these observations were aimed at social behaviour, such as intra and interespecific

  6. Toxic phytoplankton in San Francisco Bay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodgers, Kristine M.; Garrison, David L.; Cloern, James E.

    1996-01-01

    The Regional Monitoring Program (RMP) was conceived and designed to document the changing distribution and effects of trace substances in San Francisco Bay, with focus on toxic contaminants that have become enriched by human inputs. However, coastal ecosystems like San Francisco Bay also have potential sources of naturally-produced toxic substances that can disrupt food webs and, under extreme circumstances, become threats to public health. The most prevalent source of natural toxins is from blooms of algal species that can synthesize metabolites that are toxic to invertebrates or vertebrates. Although San Francisco Bay is nutrient-rich, it has so far apparently been immune from the epidemic of harmful algal blooms in the world’s nutrient-enriched coastal waters. This absence of acute harmful blooms does not imply that San Francisco Bay has unique features that preclude toxic blooms. No sampling program has been implemented to document the occurrence of toxin-producing algae in San Francisco Bay, so it is difficult to judge the likelihood of such events in the future. This issue is directly relevant to the goals of RMP because harmful species of phytoplankton have the potential to disrupt ecosystem processes that support animal populations, cause severe illness or death in humans, and confound the outcomes of toxicity bioassays such as those included in the RMP. Our purpose here is to utilize existing data on the phytoplankton community of San Francisco Bay to provide a provisional statement about the occurrence, distribution, and potential threats of harmful algae in this Estuary.

  7. Movement of Sediment Associated With Lowered Reservoir Levels in the Rio La Venta Arm of the Presa Netzahualcoyotl, Chiapas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilton, S.; de La Fuente, J.; Lisle, T. E.; Velasquez, J.; Allison, B.; Olson, B.; Quinones, R.

    2003-12-01

    A joint sedimentation study is currently underway at the Netzahualcoyotl reservoir in Chiapas, Mexico, involving the Comision Nacional de Areas Naturales Protegidas (CONANP) of the Secretaria de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales and the USDA Forest Service. The reservoir is adjacent to the Reserva de la Biosfera, Selva El Ocote, administered by CONANP. Ongoing research is intended to provide watershed and reservoir managers with strategies to protect the resources of Rio La Venta canyon. The Rio La Venta arm of the reservoir is incised into karst terrain, with near-vertical limestone walls up to 300 meters high. The canyon is fed by two rivers, Rio La Selva and Rio Negro, and is surrounded by pristine tropical forest. The majority of the clastic sediment (predominantly sand and fine gravel) entering the reservoir originates in the headwaters of the two rivers which are underlain by weathered and dissected granitic terrain. Rapid sedimentation of the partially inundated canyon poses a threat to the aquatic ecosystem, as well as to recreational resources. Longitudinal and transverse profiles were surveyed in the inundated canyon in March of 2002 and repeated in April of 2003 when the reservoir level was 15 meters lower. The 2002 longitudinal profile shows an inflection from a slope of 0.0017 to one of 0.0075 at 7.2 km downstream of the mouth of Rio Negro. In 2003, the two slopes remained the same, but the bed lowered about 5 meters and the inflection point moved downstream about 2.3 km. We calculated that reservoir lowering in 2003 allowed the transport of 2.5 million cubic meters of sand further out into the reservoir. This volume is more than the average annual rate of filling up to the 2002 level since 1984 when sedimentation was not as advanced (De la Fuente et al., 2002), which was calculated disregarding loss of sediment to the main reservoir. Field observations at late dry season low flows in 2003 revealed active transport of sand and pebbles and formation

  8. The September 2017 M=8.1 Chiapas and M=7.1 Puebla, Mexico, earthquakes: Chain reaction or coincidence?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toda, S.; Stein, R. S.

    2017-12-01

    The M=8.1 and M=7.1 events struck 12 days and 600 km apart, both with an independent probability of occurrence of 0.5% per year, based on the GEAR model [Bird et al., 2015]. Are they related? First, we calculated the static stress imparted by the M=8.1 shock to the fault that ruptured in the M=7.1, and find a tiny push that would favor rupture. But the stress increase (0.2 kPa) is less than the fault would experience from the tidal stresses, and so it should be inconsequential. We next used the México Servicio Sismológico Nacional (UNAM) online catalog to look at the quakes in the month before the M=8.1 and in the 13 days since. We calculate the completeness to be M≥4.0. There are virtually no remote aftershocks from the Chiapas rupture that extend within 250 km of the M=7.1 shock during the first week after the M=8.1. So, if anything, the M=8.1 turned off for a week or more the region that ruptured in the M=7.1. Events started turning on about 2-3 days before the M=7.1, but none of those struck within 40 km of the future M=7.1 mainshock. The seismic surface waves unleashed by great earthquakes envelop the globe in just 160 minutes, and yet triggering of remote large aftershocks during these 2-3 hours is either very rare [Pollitz et al., Nature 2012] or in dispute [Fan & Shearer, 2016 vs. Yue et al., 2017]. So, the waves must trigger tiny shocks that cascade into larger shocks after some delay. Or, perhaps the stresses conveyed by the waves pump pockets of fluids that slowly diffuse into nearby fault zones, lubricating them to the point of failure [Parsons at al., 2017]. In the cases where great earthquakes are indisputably seen to trigger aftershocks at great distances or even globally, they to do so within several days, or a week at most. Since Puebla struck 12 days later, this seems to us too long a period to be explained by dynamic triggering. Even though neither quake on their own is rare, what's the chance of independent M=8.1 and M=7.1 events just 12

  9. Modelling SANS and SAXS data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reynolds, P.

    1999-01-01

    Full text: Small angle scattering data while on an absolute scale and relatively accurate over large ranges of observables (0.003 -1 ; 0.1 -1 ) is often relatively featureless. I will address some of the problems this causes, and some of the ways of minimising these, by reference to our recent SANS results. For the benefit of newer chums this will involve discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of data from ISIS (LOQ), Argonne (SAND) and the I.L.L. (D22), and the consequences these have for modelling. The use of simple portable or remote access systems for modelling will be discussed - in particular the IGOR based NIST system of Dr. S. Kline and the VAX based FISH system of Dr. R. Heenan, ISIS. I will illustrate that a wide variety of physically appealing and complete models are now available. If you have reason to believe in a particular microstructure, this belief can now be either falsified, or the microstructure quantified, by fitting to the entire set of scattering patterns over the entire Q-range. For example, only in cases of drastic ignorance need we use only Guinier and Porod analyses, although these may provide useful initial guidance in the modelling. We now rarely need to use oversimplified logically incomplete models - such as spherical micelles with neglect of intermicellar correlation- now that we possess fast desktop/experimental computers

  10. Diatomáceas epífitas em Galaxaura rugosa (J. Ellis & Solander J.V. Lamouroux (Rhodophyta no Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, PE, Nordeste do Brasil Epiphytic diatoms on Galaxaura rugosa (J. Ellis & Solander J.V. Lamouroux (Rhodophyta in Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Pernambuco State, Northeast Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoel Messias da Silva Costa

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Exemplares de Galaxaura rugosa (J. Ellis & Solander J.V. Lamouroux foram coletados nos meses de junho/2006 e junho/2007, em três localidades do Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha (Atalaia, Porto e Cagarras, com o objetivo de identificar a flora das diatomáceas epífitas que habita o talo da alga. Foram identificados 52 táxons distribuídos nas classes: Coscinodiscophyceae (19%, Fragilariophyceae (21% e Bacillariophyceae (60% denotando uma dominância de indivíduos com simetria bilateral, os quais corresponderam a 81% da flora identificada. As seguintes espécies caracterizaram a estrutura florística das diatomáceas, pois foram encontradas em mais de 70% das amostras analisadas: Amphora sp., Biddulphia biddulphiana (J.E. Smith Boyer, Cocconeis scutellum Ehrenberg, Diploneis bombus Ehrenberg, Grammatophora marina (Lyngbye Kützing, Mastogloia binotata (Grunow Cleve, Navicula longa Grunow, Nitzschia sp., Psammodiscus nitidus (Gregory Round in Mann, Rhabdonema adriaticum Kützing, Trachyneis aspera (Ehrenberg Cleve e Tryblionella coarctata (Grunow Mann. A diversidade específica variou entre média à alta, com os menores valores correspondendo aos florescimentos de Amphora sp. (49,3%, Mastogloia binotata (42,1% e Nitzschia sp. (62,5%.Specimens of Galaxaura rugosa (J. Ellis & Solander J.V. Lamouroux were collected in June 2006 and June 2007 at three localities in Fernando de Noronha Archipelago (Atalaia, Porto and Cagarras, aiming to identify the epiphytic diatom flora that inhabits the algae thallus. A total of 52 taxa were identified, distributed in the classes Coscinodiscophyceae (19%, Fragilariophyceae (21% and Bacillariophyceae (60% with 81% dominance of individuals with pinnate symmetry. The following species characterized the floristic diatom structure being considered very frequent: Amphora sp., Biddulphia biddulphiana (J.E. Smith Boyer, Cocconeis scutellum Ehrenberg, Diploneis bombus Ehrenberg, Grammatophora marina (Lyngbye K

  11. Considerations on the Meaning of Maps and Territories in the Letter by Pêro Vaz de Caminha (1500) and in the poem “Tabacaria” [Tobacco Shop] (1928) by Álvaro de Campos/Fernando Pessoa

    OpenAIRE

    Auretta, Christopher Damien

    2016-01-01

    We explore the thematic universe of the voyage as seen, first, in an important historical document written by Pêro Vaz de Caminha [c. 1450-1500], who relates – as the sole or the most important scribe, historically speaking, present in Pedro Álvares Cabral’s fleet – the moment of the Portuguese discovery of the Brazilian coast in 1500 and, secondly, in regard to Álvaro de Campos [1889-1933, according to his “biographer” Fernando Pessoa], who observes from his window the (modernist) boundary b...

  12. 77 FR 59969 - Notice of Inventory Completion: San Francisco State University, Department of Anthropology, San...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    ... Inventory Completion: San Francisco State University, Department of Anthropology, San Francisco, CA... Francisco State University, NAGPRA Program (formerly in the Department of Anthropology). The human remains... State University Department of Anthropology records. In the Federal Register (73 FR 30156-30158, May 23...

  13. 78 FR 57482 - Safety Zone; America's Cup Aerobatic Box, San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-19

    ...-AA00 Safety Zone; America's Cup Aerobatic Box, San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard... America's Cup air shows. These safety zones are established to provide a clear area on the water for... announced by America's Cup Race Management. ADDRESSES: Documents mentioned in this preamble are part of...

  14. 77 FR 42649 - Safety Zone: Sea World San Diego Fireworks, Mission Bay; San Diego, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-20

    ... 1625-AA00 Safety Zone: Sea World San Diego Fireworks, Mission Bay; San Diego, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard... authorized by the Captain of the Port, or his designated representative. DATES: This rule is effective from 8... to ensure the public's safety. B. Basis and Purpose The Ports and Waterways Safety Act gives the...

  15. 75 FR 27432 - Security Zone; Golden Guardian 2010 Regional Exercise; San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-17

    ... can better evaluate its effects on them and participate in the rulemaking process. Small businesses... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 [Docket No. USCG-2010-0221] RIN 1625-AA87 Security Zone; Golden Guardian 2010 Regional Exercise; San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, CA AGENCY...

  16. Compact High Resolution SANS using very cold neutrons (VCN-SANS)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kennedy, S.; Yamada, M.; Iwashita, Y.; Geltenbort, P.; Bleuel, M.; Shimizu, H.

    2011-01-01

    SANS (Small Angle Neutron Scattering) is a popular method for elucidation of nano-scale structures. However science continually challenges SANS for higher performance, prompting exploration of ever-more exotic and expensive technologies. We propose a compact high resolution SANS, using very cold neutrons, magnetic focusing lens and a wide-angle spherical detector. This system will compete with modern 40 m pinhole SANS in one tenth of the length, matching minimum Q, Q-resolution and dynamic range. It will also probe dynamics using the MIEZE method. Our prototype lens (a rotating permanent-magnet sextupole), focuses a pulsed neutron beam over 3-5 nm wavelength and has measured SANS from micelles and polymer blends. (authors)

  17. CHIAPAS: FUTBOL Y MODERNIDAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Fábregas Puig

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available En este ensayo, se aborda el papel del equipo de primera división, los Jaguares, en el contexto de la realidad chiapaneca. La capacidad del futbol para crear símbolos que conformen “comunidades de identificación” e “integración de la diversidad” se analiza en dos vertientes, la de las transformaciones económicas, y en concreto del empresariado chiapaneco y, por otra parte, la condensación de las fragmentadas identidades locales hacia una posible identificación estatal mediante el equipo de los Jaguares.  

  18. ¿Qué educación laica? Ideales y política de Fernando de los Ríos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos García de Andoin

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available «¿Qué educación laica? Ideales y política de Fernando de los Ríos». El político socialista de la primera mitad del siglo XX en España procede de una trayectoria intelectual realizada en la Institución Libre de Enseñanza (ILE. En el bienio progresivo de la Segunda República, como Ministro de Justicia y más tarde como Ministro de Instrucción Pública, tuvo la oportunidad de realizar los ideales krausogineristas, neo-kantianos y socialistas. Promovió la separación entre el Estado y la Iglesia Católica y la libertad de religión. En materia de educación, impulsó la construcción de más de 6.000 escuelas bajo el modelo llamado «Escuela Única» (Einheitsschule refiriéndose al ideal de la escuela como un todo, coherente, integrado, igualador y sistemático (P. Natorp. Dentro de este marco promovió con convicción la escuela laica, la supresión de la religión católica y la eliminación de las enseñanzas llevadas a cabo por la Iglesia, en particular por las órdenes religiosas. Se trataba de proceder a la revolución de las conciencias: liberar la conciencia del niño de toda intromisión confesional. Los sectores católicos se movilizaron frente a esa política que consideraron extremadamente agresiva contra la Iglesia. Conflicto al que se denominó la «guerra escolar». Pero, ¿era el objetivo final de De los Ríos una escuela sin o en contra de la religión, o era el de una escuela neutral, por lo tanto, abierta al sentido religioso y al conocimiento de diferentes religiones, como defendía el fundador de la ILE Giner de los Ríos? Ciertamente tenemos un tema crucial en los problemas de viabilidad de la Segunda República en España.

  19. Estrategias campesinas de reproducción económica y paludismo en la microregión pliegues fallados de los Altos de Chiapas, México: estudio de caso Peasant strategies for economic reproduction and malaria epidemiology in the ravines microregion of the Chiapas mountains, Mexico: a case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Gutiérrez Ortega

    1996-09-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta investigación fue establecer relaciones iniciales entre actividad agrícola y paludismo, definíendose riesgos y prevalencia a través del análisis de la integración de estrategias de reproducción de los pobladores de una comunidad indígena de Los Altos de Chiapas. Se obtuvo información sobre sitios de trabajo, uso del suelo, volúmenes de producción de café, maíz y frijol y número de unidades familiares involucradas en esta producción, el trabajo asalariado y en las artesanías. Se analizó la circulación productiva a los "trabajaderos" de tierra caliente. Se compararon unidades familiares con casos y sin casos de paludismo, entre 1987 y 1993, en Ybeljoj, Municipio de Chenalhó, Chiapas. Entre los resultados más sobresalientes encontramos que las estrategias que ofrecieron mayores riesgos y prevalencia de paludismo fueron aquellas donde la actividad del cultivo del maíz y el trabajo asalariado estaban presentes; contrariamente, aquellas estrategias en donde la artesanía era la actividad principal o de segunda importancia estaban asociadas con la ausencia del paludismo o prevalencia mínima de la enfermedad.The goal of this investigation was to establish an initial correlation between farming activities and malaria and to define risk factors and prevalence of the latter through an analysis of the integration of farm production strategies by members of an indigenous peasant community in the Chiapas mountains in Mexico. Information was obtained on places of work, land use, coffee, corn, and bean farming, and number of family members involved in farming activities, wage labor, and handicrafts production. Migration of farm workers to warmer climates was also analyzed. The study compared families with and without cases of malaria from 1987 to 1993 in the town of Yibeljoj, Chenalhó county. The most outstanding characteristics of this analysis were the following: strategies involving greater risk and prevalence of

  20. "Os quatro cavaleiros de um íntimo apocalipse" e suas biografias vicárias: Fernando Sabino, Otto Lara Resende, Hélio Pellegrino e Paulo Mendes Campos na escrita de perfis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Kvacek Betella

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Fernando Sabino, Otto Lara Resende, Hélio Pellegrino e Paulo Mendes Campos traçaram retratos de pessoas com as quais conviveram ao longo de suas vidas por meio de perfis concisos, seja na forma de elegias seja mesmo de necrológios. Embora esses textos sejam imprescindíveis para fundamentar o estilo de cada um dos escritores mineiros, eles também carregam a síntese de cada experiência pessoal, que é fundamental para a análise da crônica, gênero que o quarteto praticou e no qual podem ser enquadrados os perfis examinados neste ensaio.Fernando Sabino, Otto Lara Resende, Hélio Pellegrino and Paulo Mendes Campos wrote portraits of people with whom they were intimate along their lives by means of short profiles, either in the form of elegies or even of necrologies. Although these texts are necessary in order to set up the style of each one of these writers from Minas Gerais, they also carry the synthesis of each personal experience, which is fundamental for the analysis of the chronicle, a literary genre that the quartet of writers practiced and within which the profiles examined in this essay can be classified.

  1. Systematics and faunistics of Neotropical Eucosmini. 1. Chimoptesis Powell, 1964 (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razowski, Ózef; Becker, Vitor Osmar

    2015-03-31

    Twenty-one new species of Chimoptesis are described and illustrated: C. costaricae (TL: Costa Rica: San José), C. phanera (TL: Mexico: Chiapas), C. rubigo (TL: Mexico: Chiapas), C. rosariana (TL: Cuba: Pinar Rio), C. miniaula (TL: Mexico: Chiapas), C. kallion (TL: Mexico: Chiapas), C. potosiana (TL: Mexico: Nuevo Leon), C. obliquaria (TL: Mexico: Nuevo Leon), C. angulata (TL: Mexico: Chiapas), C. dentitia (TL: Mexico: Chiapas), C. faceta (TL: Mexico: Nuevo Leon), C. caera (TL: Mexico: Chiapas), C. castanescens (TL: Mexico: Chiapas), C. albomixta (TL: Mexico: Distrito Federal), C. cornigera (TL: Mexico: Nuevo Leon), C. mitrion (TL: Mexico: Nuevo Leon), C. setoses (TL: Cuba: Santiago), C. juniptesis (TL: Mexico: Chiapas), C. tamaulipasia (TL: Mexico: Tamaulipas), C. zoquiapana (Mexico: Distrito Federal), and C. rufobrunnea (TL: Costa Rica: San José). Formerly known only from the U.S., Chimoptesis is recorded south to Costa Rica in Central America and Cuba in the Caribbean.

  2. Cacao use and the San Lorenzo Olmec

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powis, Terry G.; Cyphers, Ann; Gaikwad, Nilesh W.; Grivetti, Louis; Cheong, Kong

    2011-01-01

    Mesoamerican peoples had a long history of cacao use—spanning more than 34 centuries—as confirmed by previous identification of cacao residues on archaeological pottery from Paso de la Amada on the Pacific Coast and the Olmec site of El Manatí on the Gulf Coast. Until now, comparable evidence from San Lorenzo, the premier Olmec capital, was lacking. The present study of theobromine residues confirms the continuous presence and use of cacao products at San Lorenzo between 1800 and 1000 BCE, and documents assorted vessels forms used in its preparation and consumption. One elite context reveals cacao use as part of a mortuary ritual for sacrificial victims, an event that occurred during the height of San Lorenzo's power. PMID:21555564

  3. 77 FR 66499 - Environmental Impact Statement: San Bernardino and Los Angeles Counties, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-05

    ... San Bernardino, 285 East Hospitality Lane, San Bernardino, California 92408 (2) Sheraton Ontario..., November 13, 2012 from 5-7 p.m. at the Hilton San Bernardino, 285 East Hospitality Lane, San Bernardino...

  4. Hábitat y distribución de cinco especies de Quercus (Fagaceae en la Meseta Central de Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.G. Alvarez-Moctezuma

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir el hábitat de las especies del subgénero Lepidobalanus en la Meseta Central de Chiapas e identificar las principales variables que condicionan su distribución. En 258 parcelas se utilizó un índice de dominancia, basado en la abundancia y cobertura de las especies, para conocer la distribución de Quercus peduncularis, Q. polymorpha, Q. rugosa, Q. sebifera y Q. segoviensis. Además se midieron las variables ambientales: altitud, precipitación de noviembre a abril (PPNA, exposición, pendiente, intensidad de extracción de leña y pastoreo. Se utilizó el Detrended Canonical Correspondence Analysis para la evaluación estadística de los datos. Se encontró una relación negativa entre el índice de dominancia de Q. peduncularis y Q. segoviensis con la altitud y la PPNA. El índice de dominancia de Q. rugosa y Q. segoviensis mostró correlación con la exposición y la intensidad de extracción de leña. La altitud fue la variable ambiental que condiciona la distribución diferencial de las especies, seguida por la PPNA. El resultado de este estudio sugiere que hay hábitat diferenciados para Q. peduncularis, Q. polymorpha, Q. rugosa, Q. sebifera y Q. segoviensis determinados por variables naturales (altitud y PPNA, aunque también las variables culturales (pastoreo y extracción de leña pueden condicionar la distribución y abundancia de estas especies.We describe the habitat of species within the Fagaceae subgenus Lepidobalanus (genus Quercus and identify environmental variables related to their distribution in the Meseta Central of Chiapas, Southern Mexico. In 258 plots a dominance index was used, combining tree density and crown cover, for Quercus peduncularis, Q. polymorpha, Q. rugosa, Q. sebifera and Q. segoviensis. The following variables were measured: altitude, precipitation from November through April (PPNA, exposure, slope, fuel-wood harvesting and grazing. Detrended Canonical

  5. La biopiratería en Chiapas: un análisis sobre los nuevos caminos de la conquista biológica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Tarrío García

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Chiapas es uno de los estados mexicanos de mayor biodiversidad del paÌs, en parte por la gran diversidad cultural que lo caracteriza, asÌ como por su propia trayectoria histÛrica que permeÛ el devenir de los recursos naturales y de los saberes tradi- cionales de los pueblos indios en torno a los cuales se fue forjando su cultura e identidad. El interÈs de las transnacionales por patentar los organismos vivos, configura un biopoder, que se ejerce en contra de la poblaciÛn, la vida y los seres vivientes (Foucault, 2000. El argumento central de este trabajo gira en torno a cÛmo el poder tiene que ver con el control y difusiÛn del saber. El trabajo considera la relaciÛn entre los derechos de propiedad intelectual y las tecnologÌasde nueva generaciÛn que permiten la apropiaciÛn de los organismos vivos en los paÌses del sur por los grandes consorcios mundiales, mismos que se han visto fortalecidos al ser trasla- dadas las negociaciones de las pa- tentes sobre organismos vivos a la OrganizaciÛn Mundial del Comercio, con lo que aumenta el riesgo de biopiraterÌa y de pÈrdida de la riqueza biolÛgica para los paÌses emergentes. Por ̇ltimo, analizamos un intento de piraterÌa biolÛgica en Chiapas consistente en un convenio para la obtenciÛn de derechos de propiedad intelectual de la herbolaria maya por parte de algunas instituciones de investigaciÛn vinculadas a empresas bioquÌmicas y farmace ̇ticas, mismas que buscaban legitimar el recono- cimiento de los derechos privados sobre los derechos comunes de los indÌgenas, mediante la apropiaciÛn de los recursos fitogenÈticos.

  6. La biopiratería en Chiapas: un análisis sobre los nuevos caminos de la conquista biológica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Tarrío García

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Chiapas es uno de los estados mexicanos de mayor biodiversidad del país, en parte por la gran diversidad cultural que lo caracteriza, así como por su propia trayectoria histórica que permeó el devenir de los recursos naturales y de los saberes tradicionales de los pueblos indios en torno a los cuales se fue forjando su cultura e identidad. El interés de las transnacionales por patentar los organismos vivos, configura un “biopoder, que se ejerce en contra de la población, la vida y los seres vivientes” (Foucault, 2000. El argumento central de este trabajo gira en torno a cómo el poder tiene que ver con el control y difusión del saber. El trabajo considera la relación entre los derechos de propiedad intelectual y las tecnologías de nueva generación que permiten la apropiación de los organismos vivos en los países del sur por los grandes consorcios mundiales, mismos que se han visto fortalecidos al ser trasladadas las negociaciones de las patentes sobre organismos vivos a la Organización Mundial del Comercio, con lo que aumenta el riesgo de biopiratería y de pérdida de la riqueza biológica para los países emergentes. Por último, analizamos un intento de piratería biológica en Chiapas consistente en un convenio para la obtención de derechos de propiedad intelectual de la herbolaria maya por parte de algunas instituciones de investigación vinculadas a empresas bioquímicas y farmaceúticas, mismas que buscaban legitimar el reconocimiento de los derechos privados sobre los derechos comunes de los indígenas, mediante la apropiación de los recursos fitogenéticos.

  7. CUERPO, CH’ULEL Y LAB ELEMENTOS DE LA CONFIGURACIÓN DE LA PERSONA TSELTAL EN YAJALÓN, CHIAPAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar Sánchez Carrillo

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene el propósito de analizar la relación de las diferentes entidades anímicas y su contraparte corporal, chanul, que configuran e integran a la persona tseltal de las comunidades del municipio de Yajalón, Chiapas. El objetivo es enunciar las representaciones y/o nociones de los actores sobre el cuerpo y sus entidades anímicas residentes: el ch’ulel y lab entre otras criaturas, yalak’, que lo habitan. Así la persona se configura con el único propósito de trazar la línea de la vida y su destino en el Balumilal-Tierra-Cosmos. No es de extrañar que en el lenguaje sagrado, k’opontik Dios, en las oraciones y cánticos de los diferentes ritos religiosos y terapéuticos se establezca un paralelismo entre el cuerpo humano y la Tierra humanizada, espacio en cuyo interior residen una extraordinaria cantidad de seres sobrenaturales que la habitan, yalak’ y chambalam, y al mismo tiempo tolera a los hombres y animales en su superficie.   ABSTRACT The present article pretends to analyze the relation of different spiritual entities and their corporal (body- counterpart, that configure and shape the tzeltal person from the communities of Yajalon (county in northern Chiapas. The objective is to enounce the conceptions which the subjects have about the body and his animic entities that reside within: amongst others, the ch’ulel and lab creatures. With the animic entities the person configures itself with the only purpose to trace the line of his life and his destiny in the Balumilal – which means Earth and Cosmos. It is not surprising that the sacred language –K’opontik Dios-, in the prayers and songs of different religious and therapeutic rituals, establishes a parallelism between the human body and the humanized Earth. The earth is perceived as a space which encloses an extraordinary quantity of supernatural beings (yalak’ and chambalam and at the same time, as one that tolerates humans and animals on its

  8. Mammal Track Counts - San Diego County, 2010 [ds709

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Natural Resource Agency — The San Diego Tracking Team (SDTT) is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting the preservation of wildlife habitat in San Diego County through citizen-based...

  9. Coastal Cactus Wren, San Diego Co. - 2009 [ds702

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Natural Resource Agency — The San Diego Multiple Species Conservation program (MSCP) was developed for the conservation of plants and animals in the southeast portion of San Diego County....

  10. Coastal Cactus Wren, San Diego Co. - 2011 [ds708

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Natural Resource Agency — The San Diego Multiple Species Conservation program (MSCP) was developed for the conservation of plants and animals in the southeast portion of San Diego County....

  11. Species Observations (poly) - San Diego County [ds648

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Natural Resource Agency — Created in 2009, the SanBIOS database serves as a single repository of species observations collected by various departments within the County of San Diego's Land...

  12. Mammal Track Counts - San Diego County [ds442

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Natural Resource Agency — The San Diego Tracking Team (SDTT) is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting the preservation of wildlife habitat in San Diego County through citizen-based...

  13. Species Observations (poly) - San Diego County [ds648

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — Created in 2009, the SanBIOS database serves as a single repository of species observations collected by various departments within the County of San Diego's Land...

  14. San Francisco Bay Long Term Management Strategy for Dredging

    Science.gov (United States)

    The San Francisco Bay Long Term Management Strategy (LTMS) is a cooperative effort to develop a new approach to dredging and dredged material disposal in the San Francisco Bay area. The LTMS serves as the Regional Dredging Team for the San Francisco area.

  15. 33 CFR 110.120 - San Luis Obispo Bay, Calif.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false San Luis Obispo Bay, Calif. 110... ANCHORAGES ANCHORAGE REGULATIONS Special Anchorage Areas § 110.120 San Luis Obispo Bay, Calif. (a) Area A-1. Area A-1 is the water area bounded by the San Luis Obispo County wharf, the shoreline, a line drawn...

  16. Annabela Rita, Fernando Cristóvão (e ds., Daniela Marcheschi (Prefácio. Fabricar a Inovação – O Processo Criativo em Questão nas Ciências, nas Letras e nas Artes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luísa Marinho Antunes

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Recensione del volume Annabela Rita e Fernando Cristóvão (eds. Fabricar a Inovação – O Processo Criativo em Questão nas Ciências, nas Letras e nas Artes, coord. Prefácio Daniela Marcheschi. Lisboa: Gradiva, 2016. Stampa (pp.396 seguita dalla versione italiana della Prefazione.

  17. Comentario sobre el libro de Joaquim Fernando Da Cunha Guimarães: A profissão, as associações e as revistas de contabilidade em Portugal. Prefácio de António Domingues De Azevedo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esteban Hernández Esteve

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Comentario sobre el libro de Joaquim Fernando Da Cunha Guimarães: A profissão, as associações e as revistas de contabilidade em Portugal. Prefácio de António Domingues De Azevedo. Porto: Grupo Editorial Vida Económica, 2009, págs. 735.

  18. October 1986 San Salvador, El Salvador Images

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — At least 1,000 people killed, 10,000 injured, 200,000 homeless and severe damage in the San Salvador area. About 50 fatalities were the result of landslides in the...

  19. SANS analysis of aqueous ionic perfluoropolyether micelles

    CERN Document Server

    Gambi, C M C; Chittofrati, A; Pieri, R; Baglioni, P; Teixeira, J

    2002-01-01

    Preliminary SANS results of ionic chlorine terminated perfluoropolyether micelles in water are given. The experimental spectra have been analyzed by a two-shell ellipsoidal model for the micellar form factor and a screened Coulombic plus hard-sphere repulsion potential for the structure factor. (orig.)

  20. 77 FR 46115 - Notice of Inventory Completion: San Diego Museum of Man, San Diego, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-02

    ...The San Diego Museum of Man has completed an inventory of human remains in consultation with the appropriate Indian tribe, and has determined that there is a cultural affiliation between the human remains and a present-day Indian tribe. Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the human remains may contact the San Diego Museum of Man. Repatriation of the human remains to the Indian tribe stated below may occur if no additional claimants come forward.