WorldWideScience

Sample records for safety propaganda

  1. La propaganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noam Chomsky

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Cuenta como se creó la primera agencia estatal de propaganda en EU. llamada Comisión Creel, cuyo objetivo fue crear una histeria nacionalista en favor de la guerra. Alemania perdió la Primera Guerra Mundial porque perdió la batalla de la propaganda, acota. Luego relata la creación de las Relaciones Públicas vinculadas a la Creel. Uno de sus éxitos a finales de los 20 fue conseguir que las mujeres fumasen Chesterfiel. La manufactura del consenso fue un nuevo arte en democracia.

  2. La propaganda

    OpenAIRE

    Noam Chomsky

    2015-01-01

    Cuenta como se creó la primera agencia estatal de propaganda en EU. llamada Comisión Creel, cuyo objetivo fue crear una histeria nacionalista en favor de la guerra. Alemania perdió la Primera Guerra Mundial porque perdió la batalla de la propaganda, acota. Luego relata la creación de las Relaciones Públicas vinculadas a la Creel. Uno de sus éxitos a finales de los 20 fue conseguir que las mujeres fumasen Chesterfiel. La manufactura del consenso fue un nuevo arte en democracia.

  3. Management Textbooks as Propaganda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, Kim S.; Ireland, R. Duane; Lussier, Robert N.; New, J. Randolph; Robbins, Stephen P.

    2003-01-01

    Four management textbook authors react to the metaphor of textbooks as propaganda. All write to support managerial ideology and are aware of the market, but believe their role in shaping the field is limited. Includes two responses: "Propaganda, Trusteeship, and Artifact" (Daniel R. Gilbert) and "The Hegemonic Discourse of…

  4. Finding Weakness in Jihadist Propaganda

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-05-01

    is fair to say that we all are exposed to countless propaganda messages every day. Television programming and advertisements , radio commercials...propaganda – not the governments24. Of all the communication mediums, none was more influential than the cinema . Charlie Chaplin starred in Shoulder...As in World War I, the cinema was decisive in spreading propaganda. Although the United States’ Government contracted some of

  5. Film Propaganda: Ikonografi Kekuasaan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budi Irawanto

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available As a modern technological invention cinema has numerous potentialities such as economic, social and political power. Fascist regimes as well as film corporations have employed cinema as a tool of propaganda to control and mobilize the masses for the sake of their power longevity. Moreover, the character of film itself is a perfect fascist medium which came from the network of proto-fascism of the twentieth century civilization. By using various genres of Indonesian cinema from different eras as a case study, this article argues that Indonesian propaganda films have monolithic representation which can be described as a cult of "bapakisme" (patronism, "kultur komando" (command culture, marginalisation of women' role in Indonesian revolutionary movement and demonization of progressive women organisation, and glorification of the role of Soeharto in Indonesian revolutionary movement.

  6. Propaganda y autocensura.

    OpenAIRE

    Jairo Lugo Ocando; Valentin Angès Granchet

    2015-01-01

    Dos acontecimientos en la Unión Europea conmovieron al mundo: El NO del pueblo francés al establecimiento de una Constitución única y los atentados sangrientos contra del sistema de transporte en Londres. Se abordan temas como: la autocensura, la propaganda, el terrorismo noticioso, la descontextualización y, en el caso de Francia, la comunicación política falló, existe una brecha entre la élite política, intelectual y mediática y la opinión pública.

  7. Propaganda y autocensura.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo Lugo Ocando

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Dos acontecimientos en la Unión Europea conmovieron al mundo: El NO del pueblo francés al establecimiento de una Constitución única y los atentados sangrientos contra del sistema de transporte en Londres. Se abordan temas como: la autocensura, la propaganda, el terrorismo noticioso, la descontextualización y, en el caso de Francia, la comunicación política falló, existe una brecha entre la élite política, intelectual y mediática y la opinión pública.

  8. Propaganda: Can a Word Decide a War?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    appointing Dr. Joseph Goebbels as minister. World War II: Propaganda and Misinformation When the United States entered WWII its public information efforts...Information Service under Sherwood. Donovan was impressed with the effectiveness of Goebbels ’ propaganda efforts in Germany and believed that propaganda

  9. Joseph Goebbels. Cartel y propaganda

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Ceballos, Verónica

    2016-01-01

    Análisis de la propaganda en la Segunda Guerra Mundial con su máximo impulsor, Joseph Goebbels, analizando la cartelería producida durante el régimen nazi. Este análisis se efectuará desde una visión histórica y social, en el que se indagará en Joseph Goebbels, los medios de comunicación y las características del cartel nazi para comprender la utilización de la propaganda, el uso del cartel y la intención comunicativa que esperaban de ellos. Grado en Publicidad y Relaciones Púb...

  10. Vägivald ja propaganda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    8. IV-28. V Tallinna Kunstihoones Elin Kardi, Marco Laimre, Marko Mäetamme ja Andres Tali näitus "Vägivald ja propaganda". 26. IV-7. V näituse raames emergency biennale, rahvusvaheline rändnäitus Tšetšeenia toetuseks. 27. IV Kaasaegse Kunsti Eesti Keskuse IV ettekannete päev "Kunstniku moraalsed valikud liberaalse demokraatia ja islami kokkupõrgetes". Esinevad Margit Sutrop, Johannes Saar, Marek Järvik, Ene-Liis Semper & Eero Epner ning näitusel "Vägivald ja propaganda" osalevad kunstnikud

  11. "Detsembrikuumus", riigi tellimus ja propaganda / Lauri Vahtre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahtre, Lauri, 1960-

    2009-01-01

    Mängufilmi "Detsembrikuumus" ja teleseriaali "Tuulepealne maa" stsenarist vaidleb vastu meedias ilmunud kriitikute süüdistustele filmi tellimuslikkuses ja riiklikus propagandas ning sellest tulenevas ebaobjektiivsuses

  12. Propaganda: dodelike wapen van die kommunisme | Nelson ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    During the Second World War the effectiveness and importance of the applicetionof propaganda in influencing a mess society became evident. Under the influence of Hitlet and his follower Joseph Goebbels the use of propaganda was developed into a fine art and was systematically used to convey Nazi ideas to the ...

  13. LIMA CERPEN PROPAGANDA LEKRA (1950—1965

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Wayan Artika

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan mengungkap muatan, karakter, dan tujuan ditulisnya cerpen propaganda; serta mengkaji hubungan sastra dan politik semasa Lekra (1950—1965.  Masalah penelitian adalah muatan, tujuan, karakter cerpen propaganda serta hubungan sastra dan politik.  Metode untuk memecahkan masalah dan mencapai tujuan penelitian, menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian membuktikan, cerpen propaganda sarat muatan marxisme dan agenda perjuangan PKI. Tujuan cerpen propaganda adalah memengaruhi massa rakyat agar mendukung perjuangan PKI.  Karakter cerpen propaganda dibedakan menjadi karakter umum (yaitu aktual, menyerang lawan, memengaruhi pembaca dan karakter yang tampak pada struktur karya (bertema komunisme; tidak mementingkan alur; cerita berupa pandangan ideologis-politik pengarang; setting Revolusi Indonesia; pelaku cerita; rakyat tertindas, kader partai progresif, partisipan, simpatisan, dan militan PKI; dan bahasa mudah dimengerti. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan, cerpen propaganda menunjukkan hubungan erat antara sastra, ideologi, dan politik. Hubungan sastra dan politik menunjukkan bahwa cerpen-cerpen tersebut merupakan alat propaganda PKI sesuai dengan Mukadimah 1950 dan 1959, Konsepsi Kebudayaan Rakyat, dan prinsip 1-5-1. Dalam hubungan tersebut, sastra berada di bawah politik dan kebenaran ideologi lebih tinggi daripada nilai sastra.

  14. PROPAGANDA: HOW A GOOD WORD WENT WRONG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CRISTINA LUCIA ŞUTIU

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available What is propaganda and what is wrong with it? This may be the main question when studying this complex phenomenon. In this article we shall try to give an answer to this question and to find the most appropriate definition for this disputed concept. Nowadays, propaganda has a negative connotation and usually it is used to discredit somebody’s speech or actions, by implying that he is both illogical and unethical. But propaganda wasn’t seen always like that! In order to give an objective definition of this concept, it is very important for us to understand first what exactly happened with this word throughout history.

  15. Propaganda, da teoria à prática: uma análise da propaganda nazi

    OpenAIRE

    Pais, Sandra Simões

    2012-01-01

    Esta dissertação de Mestrado apresentada à Universidade da Beira Interior tem como tema central a propaganda política, fazendo também uma abordagem mais específica à propaganda nazi. Pretende ser feita uma análise das características gerais da propaganda e a forma como a propaganda nazi aplicou essas mesmas características, dando origem a uma das campanhas propagandísticas mais importantes da história mundial. A dissertação encontra-se dividida em duas partes. Na primeira parte será feita ...

  16. Propaganda

    OpenAIRE

    Mažeikis, Gintautas

    2009-01-01

    Propagandos tyrinėjimai susiję su dviem pamatiniais filosofiniais klausimais: kas yra žmogus ir kas yra technika, kurios dėka jis gali esmiškai būti. Pirmąjį klausimą sistemingai filosofiškai pabandė aptarti I. Kantas ir tuo pradėjo šiuolaikinę filosofinę antropologiją. Antrajam, technikos klausimui, daug dėmesio skyrė M. Heideggeris ir jo pasekėjai. Jis nurodo, kad technika žmonijos istorijoje buvo suvokta dvejopai. Vien a vertus, kaip pagalba, kaltė, panašiai kaip pribuvėja yra vien a vaiko...

  17. KIRGIZ BELGESEL SİNEMASINDA PROPAGANDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina CAMANKULOVA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this thesisthe research is made about the Kyrgyz documentary film development which belongs to Soviet Unionfrom the historical point of view. The research is based on the introduction of propaganda concept and use of it by different states and mass media. In this study criticism method is used in Kyrgyz documentary film propaganda. One of the leading directors of Kyrgyz documentary film Tolomush Okeyev whose “Boom” documentary is used to find existence and emergence of propaganda through historical perspective. In this film historical period of 1943 when in Kyrgyz Soviet the construction of railways between Kant- Ribachye cities is taken as a subject. In conclusion, propaganda is found from the historical critique.

  18. Análise de uma propaganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Rossato

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar a imagem do carro contida na propaganda do pôster e demonstrar o quanto ela influencia na vida das pessoas induzindo-os ao consumismo. A pesquisa bibliográfica foi enriquecida por algumas obras, dentre eles: Eni Pulcinelli Orlandi e José Luiz Fiorin.Palavras-chave: letras; linguística. Análise do Discurso; texto propaganda.   

  19. Propagandas institucionais televisivas e resistência Propagandas de television y resistencia Television propagandas and resistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriane Roso

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Esse é um estudo exploratório-qualitativo referente ao uso de propagandas institucionais televisivas e discursos na mídia de massa (formas simbólicas mediadas por agentes do governo e por uma instituição privada em favor da privatização da Companhia Vale do Rio Doce. Apoiado pela Hermenêutica de Profundidade e nos Estudos Críticos do Discurso (ECD, o objetivo do estudo foi demonstrar como essas formas simbólicas podem servir para estabelecer e reforçar relações de dominação. Considerando-SE que as mídias de massa têm a responsabilidade legal de informar e educar todos os cidadãos e que as propagandas televisivas institucionais em foco somente estimulam e valorizam a política neoliberal pró-privatização, conclui-se que essas formas simbólicas podem estar reforçando as relações de dominação.Este es un estudio exploratorio cualitativo relacionado con el uso de propagandas institucionales de televisión y discursos de medios de comunicación (formas simbólicas mediado por agentes gubernamentales y por una institución privada a favor de la privatización de La Companhia Vale do Rio Doce. Apoyado por la Hermenéutica de Profundidad y pelo Estudios Críticos Del Discurso, el objetivo del estudio es demonstrar como estas formas simbólicas pueden servir para establecer y reforzar relaciones de la dominación. Considerándose que los medios de comunicación tienen la responsabilidad legal de informar y educar críticamente a los ciudadanos y que las propagandas institucionales de televisión en foco sólo estimulan y valoran la política neoliberal de la privatización, fue concluido que estas formas simbólicas pueden reforzar las relaciones de la dominación.This is a qualitative exploratory study related to the use of television institutional advertisements and mass media discourses (symbolic forms mediated by governmental agents and by a private institution in favor of Companhia Vale do Rio Doce privatization. Supported

  20. South African Propaganda Agencies and the Battle for Public ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    flmonama

    DMI) and the. Union Unity Truth Service ... Directorate of Military Intelligence, Union Unity Truth Service, publicity and propaganda. 1. .... The preparation of statements of a more direct propaganda value for radio transmission and publication to ...

  1. A Pragmatic Study of Barak Obama's Political Propaganda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Ameedi, Riyadh Tariq Kadhim; Khudhier, Zina Abdul Hussein

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates, pragmatically, the language of five electoral political propaganda texts delivered by Barak Obama. It attempts to achieve the following aims: (1) identifying the speech acts used in political propaganda, (2) showing how politicians utilize Grice's maxims and the politeness principle in issuing their propaganda, (3)…

  2. Prensa y propaganda bélica 1808-1814

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro PIZARROSO QUINTERO

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Después de establecer un breve marco conceptual sobre propaganda y propaganda de guerra, este artículo se ocupa de Napoleón como un verdadero genio de la propaganda. Traza un panorama de la prensa y la propaganda en España en el periodo de la Guerra de la Independencia, sin olvidar la prensa francesa como instrumento de la propaganda napoleónica para concluir con una mirada a cómo fue presentada la Guerra de la Independencia en la prensa francesa.

  3. Propaganda Britské únie fašistů

    OpenAIRE

    Drábik, Jakub

    2014-01-01

    Disertační práce: Propaganda Britské unie fašistů Mgr. Jakub Drábik Ústav světových dějin Abstract The dissertation deals with the propaganda of the largest and only relevant British fascist party, the British Union of Fascists, founded in 1932 by Sir Oswald Mosley. The aim of the dissertation is to look at the BUF propaganda in the light of the "new consensus" that has emerged in fascist studies in recent years. Based on the official BUF party press, publications, pamphlets, propaganda poste...

  4. The Applicability of Herman's and Chomsky's Propaganda Model Today

    Science.gov (United States)

    Model, David

    2005-01-01

    Since the early twentieth century, there have been numerous warnings about the dangers of the growing concentration of corporate ownership of the mass media. As early as 1920, Walter Lippmann claimed that propaganda was already "...a regular organ of popular government." He referred to the propaganda in the media as the…

  5. China's Propaganda in the United States during World War II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsang, Kuo-jen

    Drawing data from a variety of sources, a study was undertaken to place China's propaganda activities in the United States during World War II into a historical perspective. Results showed that China's propaganda efforts consisted of official and unofficial activities and activities directed toward overseas Chinese. The official activities were…

  6. Whither Propaganda? Agonism and "The Engineering of Consent"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimble, James J.

    2005-01-01

    The focus of this paper is domestic propaganda. The author presents comprehensive reviews of four books: (1) "Bending Spines: The Propagandas of Nazi Germany and the German Democratic Republic" by Randall L. Bytwerk (East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press, 2004); (2) "Radio Goes to War: The Cultural Politics of Propaganda…

  7. Conceptual elements for a theory of visual political propaganda

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bryder, Tom

    2008-01-01

    ABSTRACT In this essay, I am primarily interested in the perspectives of those who construct the visual propaganda, that is, the propagandists. They constitute, so to speak, the supply-side of the propaganda process. The needs and wants of the audiences constitute the demand aspect. They want to ...

  8. South African Propaganda Agencies and the Battle for Public ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    flmonama

    subjected to Nazi propaganda offensives, which intensified national divisions and undermined public morale. In response, the Union ... overlapping propaganda agencies to form the office of war information (OWI).10 The Union of South. Africa (as it was called from ...... Portuguese East Africa.165. The existence of the UUTS ...

  9. Poetry or Propaganda? Relating Reason to Emotion in the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Daniel E.

    In the name of responsible argument, persuasive rhetoric need not eschew all the devices used by propaganda. Emotion is not only inevitable in discourse, it is the necessary base for action. Educators should not consider propaganda evil for the very reason they consider poetry good: its emotional power. This kind of thinking creates a specious…

  10. Nazi interne propaganda in die tweede wêreldoorlog | Kotze ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adolf Hitler considered propaganda as a tactical weapon which should be used in warfare. The Second World War proved that it was no super weapon, and that it could not be used in isolation, but it is generally agreed that Nazi internal propaganda played a prominent part in upholding solidarity of morale in Germany ...

  11. Rwanda National Days Celebrations and Racist Propaganda (1962 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article addresses the link between Rwanda national days celebrations and a racist propaganda between 1962 and 1982. It states a problem to know whether the political messages on the national days celebrations conveyed a democratic message or a racist propaganda. First, it explores a theoretical theory related to ...

  12. Legal Aspects of Propaganda and Incitement via Satellite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achilleas, P.

    2002-01-01

    At the beginning of space broadcasting, the use of satellite for propaganda was feared by most countries. Several studies have shown the potential threat of propaganda via satellite. For these reasons, some delegations tried unsuccessfully to include in the 1967 Outer Space Treaty an article prohibiting space propaganda. Finally, under pressure from the Soviet Union and Brazil, the preamble of the 1967 Treaty refers to the 1947 Resolution 110 (II) of the United Nations General Assembly, which condemns propaganda. International law complements the Outer Space Treaty by expressly condemning certain types of propaganda. International law, through several texts condemns war propaganda aimed at provoking armed conflict as well as subversive propaganda aimed at provoking a Coup d'Etat. With the recent war in Afghanistan, the question of war incitement via satellite was invoked in regard to the channel Al Jazzera which was reproached for encouraging conflict and diffusing the words of Osama Ben Laden calling for holy war against the United States. Here again, international law prohibits war incitement. However, the notion of propaganda and war incitement does not lead to an automatic restriction of information since communication via satellite is also protected by freedom of information. Therefore, in all democratic societies, a balance should be made between freedom of information and protection of public order, national security and international peace. Several examples will be taken in order to illustrate this paper, for example of Al Jazzera accused of war and terrorist incitement, Med TV accused by Turkey of subversive Kurdish propaganda and CNN accused by China of defamatory propaganda.

  13. Savaş, Propaganda ve Kartpostallar

    OpenAIRE

    Polat, Ü. Gülsüm

    2013-01-01

    ÖzetKartpostallar savaş yıllarında sadece bir iletişim aracı olarak kullanılmamış, propaganda malzemesi olarak da işlev görmüştür. Batı'dakinin aksine Osmanlı coğrafyasındaki kullanımı bir hayli kısıtlı olan kartpostallar I. Dünya Savaşı yıllarındaözellikle Batılı devletler tarafından çeşitli şekillerde propaganda malzemesi olarak kullanılmıştı. Her savaş döneminde olduğu gibi I. Dünya Savaşı yıllarında ön planda olan bayrak imajına yüksek millî duyguları figürize etmek için sıklıkla baş...

  14. Sludge, biosolids, and the propaganda model of communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rampton, Sheldon

    2002-01-01

    The Water Environment Federation's elaborate effort to rename sewage sludge as "biosolids" is an example in practice of the "propaganda model" of communications, which sees its task as indoctrinating target audiences with ideas favorable to the interests of the communicators. The propaganda model assumes that members of the public are irrational and focuses therefore on symbolic and emotional aspects of communication. This approach to communicating arouses public resentment rather than trust. In place of a "propaganda model," public officials should adopt a "democratic model," which assumes that audiences are rational and intellectually capable of meaningful participation in decision-making.

  15. Propaganda terrorista y medios de comunicación.

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Rodríguez, Gabriel

    2010-01-01

    Los grupos terroristas aprovechan el impacto que sus acciones tienen en los medios de comunicación para lanzar mensajes propagandísticos. La propaganda es elemento imprescindible para la supervivencia del terrorismo, que carece de canales legales propios de expresión. Por eso utilizan los medios informativos. Y los profesionales no distinguen entre información y propaganda. El mensaje terrorista llega a la opinión pública con toda impunidad. La propaganda sirve para difundir las i...

  16. The cyberspace war: propaganda and trolling as warfare tools

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Aro, Jessikka

    2016-01-01

    ...—an army of fake social media Putin-fans, known as ‘trolls’. My investigation has discovered that coordinated social media propaganda writers are twisting and manipulating the public debate in Finland, too...

  17. Propaganda mitu nägu / Kulle Raig

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raig, Kulle, 1940-

    2016-01-01

    Arvustus: Lehtonen, Pekka. Tehtävä Tallinnassa : neuvostopropagandaa ja itsenäisyysinnostusta. Helsinki : Into, 2016 ; Lehtonen, Pekka. Ülesandega üle lahe : propaganda mitu nägu. Tallinn : K&K, 2016

  18. Propaganda Aristotelesest tänapäevani / Agu Uudelepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uudelepp, Agu, 1974-

    2005-01-01

    Propaganda peaeesmärk on suunata inimese tähelepanu eemale ratsionaalsetelt argumentidelt, kanaliseerida tema arusaamad emotsionaalsesse voolusängi ning panna ta selle abil propagandistile sobivalt käituma, väidab autor. Skeemid

  19. La propaganda electoral en el Código Electoral.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Luis Rivera Sánchez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo hace una exposición acerca de la nueva regulación de la propaganda electoral -artículos 136 al 142 del Código Electoral- sus principales cambios, innovaciones y diferencias entre la anterior legislación y la nueva. Así, en el primer capítulo, analiza la definición de propaganda que, a lo largo del tiempo, ha acuñado la jurisprudencia electoral y cómo ésta se recoge en el nuevo código. En el segundo capítulo aborda lo relativo a la propaganda en la legislación electoral. En el tercer capítulo analiza la estructura del Código Electoral en lo concerniente a las distintas actividades relacionadas con la propaganda electoral.

  20. Coin as a Means of Propaganda (According to Georgian Numismatics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tedo Dundua

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Everywhere coin facilitated exchange of goods. It was employed also for different propaganda. Georgians did the same as seen in the monetary groups and types as follows: municipal copper coins of Trapezus with the effigy of Mithras, Georgian-Sassanian drachms, Georgian-Byzantine coins, coins of Giorgi III — king with falcon on hand. So, at least some of monetary types issued in Georgia served for propaganda.

  1. Tõe jõud propaganda vastu / Igor Gräzin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gräzin, Igor, 1952-

    2004-01-01

    Autori arvates saab reaalseks argumendiks eetilises poliitikas olla propaganda täielik vastand tõde. Alafinantseeritud ühiskonnateadus saab toota vaid müüte, poliitikute kirjutatud ajalugu on propaganda

  2. Birth planning propaganda, incentives and peer pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schima, M E; Chen, P C; Oakley, D; Gille, H; Grant, J P; Oakley, D

    1980-03-01

    Family planning policies are promoted at every level of Chinese society through the 3 concepts: lateness in marriage and childbirth, spacing of children, and reduction in family size (late, long, and few). The minimum legal age for girls to marry is 18, for boys, 20, but marriage is discouraged until ages 23 and 25. The Chinese put free family planning services within the reach of every eligible couple. An equally great effort is put into the acceptance and use of the services. Propaganda is pervasive, and peer pressure at the community level is intense. Individual and group sessions effect sanctions against noncompliance. Generous paid leaves are the incentives for sterilization and abortion. Community involvement in birth control has evolved to the point where annual birth quotas are established and allotted among couples. To some visitors these methods are highly coercive, a serious invasion of privacy. The 1-child family is being publicized and promoted with a generous incentive program which pays 5 yuan a month as child-care subsidy until the child is 14 years old. Living space will be given the 1-child family on a preferential basis. When 1-child couples retire they will be entitled to a monthly pension for as long as they live. The pension amounts to 80% or higher of their monthly wage at the time of retirement. Childless couples will receive 100% of their wages.

  3. La música en el cine de propaganda, Raza

    OpenAIRE

    Málaga Gil, Álvaro; García Pérez, Amaya Sara

    2005-01-01

    La música ha desempeñado siempre un papel fundamental en el cine de propaganda. Por su capacidad para transmitir ideas y sentimientos de forma subliminal se convierte en un arma poderosa al servicio de la manipulación y la subjetividad. El ejemplo que a continuación proponemos, Raza, es elparadigma de la propaganda audiovisual franquista. La música de esta película, compuesta por el salmantino Manuel Parada, se convirtió en referencia obligada para todos los músicos que trabajaron en el camp...

  4. Algumas considerações sobre a chamada propaganda subliminar

    OpenAIRE

    J. Roberto Withaker Penteado

    2009-01-01

    O autor faz uma revisão das origens da expressão "propaganda subliminar" e do seu percurso histórico a partir dos eventos de 1957, nos EUA, que deram notoriedade ao assunto. Em seguida, a partir de considerações teóricas sobre as formas pelas quais se processa a comunicação publicitária, procura demonstrar que carecem de fundamento as afirmações de que tais ações possam atingir os seus objetivos fora dos limites de percepção dos receptores. Palavras-chaves: propaganda, percepção, psico...

  5. As questões éticas da propaganda : um estudo com profissionais de agências de propaganda.

    OpenAIRE

    Telles, Cecília Caraver Prado

    2007-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho é verificar o que pensam, como se sentem e como se comportam em relação às questões éticas da propaganda os profissionais que atuam em agências de propaganda. A literatura de marketing observa que o conjunto de ações de comunicação de marketing de uma empresa envolve um grande volume de questões legais e éticas. Em uma economia de mercado, os consumidores aprendem a confiar na propaganda e em outras formas de promoção para obter informações que possam ser usadas em s...

  6. Cloaked Facebook pages: Exploring fake Islamist propaganda in social media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Farkas, Johan Dam; Schou, Jannick; Neumayer, Christina

    2017-01-01

    This research analyses cloaked Facebook pages that are created to spread political propaganda by cloaking a user profile and imitating the identity of a political opponent in order to spark hateful and aggressive reactions. This inquiry is pursued through a multi-sited online ethnographic case st...

  7. South African propaganda agencies and the battle for public opinion ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In response, the Union authorities adopted a volunteer policy for military service and embarked on a massive drive to secure positive public opinion and national support for the war policy. This move led to the establishment of various publicity and propaganda organisations to influence public opinion and to stimulate ...

  8. Vídeo propaganda juguete jabón

    OpenAIRE

    López Marín, María Fernanda; Pérez Rodriguez, Veórnica; Piquer Martín, Miriam; Almaraz Ramallo, Flavia; Lifante Gil, Yolanda

    2014-01-01

    Vídeo de propaganda de un juguete para fabrica de jabón, desarrollado por el grupo de innovación Arte Sano. Producción: Centre de Formació i Qualitat Manuel Sanchis Guarner (http://www.uv.es/cfq).

  9. A mulher nas propagandas de cerveja: efeitos de sentido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keila Rejane Warmling

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem por objetivo analisar propagandas de cervejas que circulam na mídia, observando as marcas de seus discursos em relação a figura feminina. A cerveja no Brasil, muitas vezes aparece associada as mulheres, tais propagandas têm como objetivo principal atingir o público masculino. Nas propagandas analisadas, as mulheres aparecem estereotipadas, vistas somente como símbolo sexual, provocando além do apelo ao consumo, desejos através dos sentidos, pois aparecem desnudas e provocantes, despertando assim a libido no público alvo. Os anúncios publicitários fazem parte do cotidiano das pessoas, são utilizados para divertir, comunicar e interagir no meio em que são expostos, por isso a grande empreitada dos publicitários é encontrar meios de despertar interesse por sua marca, tudo se resume em uma luta pela atenção do consumidor.Palavras-chave: letras; Análise do Discurso; mulher; propagandas de cerveja.

  10. Propaganda Tool: The Hollywood War Movie and Its Usurpation by TV

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-02-28

    Barrett, Edward W. Truth Is Our Wea on. New York: Funk and Wagnalls Company, IM53. Black, Gregory D. and Koppes, Clayton R. Hollywood Goes To War: How...34Propaganda," The World Book Encyclopedia , 1976, Vol. 15, p. 725 (hereafter referred to as "Propaganda"). 2. John M. Shotwall, LTc, Fog of War: An...34 The World Book Encyclopedia , 1976, Vol. 15, p. 725 (hereafter referred to as "Propaganda"). 3. Gregory D. Black and Clayton R. Koppes, Hollywood

  11. Practice of Propaganda on Korean Peninsula (1945-1960

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhyvora Olexii

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The topic of propaganda, which was thought to be a part of the Cold War past, was recently revived by modern and rather successful application in Georgian, Syrian and Ukrainian conflicts. In this regard Korean Peninsula is a perfect example of prolonged use of mutual practice of indoctrination to study its origins. This article discuses the evolution of propaganda use by both Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and Republic of Korea (1945-1960 in cultural, economic and political dimensions. Qualitative text analysis and case study in conjunction with theoretical framework of A. E. Cassirer, S. Langer, E. Barneys and W. Lippmann are used to establish techniques used, and to explain its overall success.

  12. (YIP) Detecting, Analyzing, Modeling Adversarial Propaganda in Social Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-26

    James Caverlee Department of Computer Science and Engineering Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843-3112 email: caverlee@cse.tamu.edu 1 Summary...This project has investigated strategic manipulation and adversarial propaganda in social media through a multi-faceted campaign-oriented framework. A...The overall research goals of this project have been threefold: • Detection: Can we detect campaigns engaging in strategic manipulation efficiently

  13. The Catholic Propaganda abroad two Spains during the Civil War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis GONZÁLEZ GULLÓN

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This research analyzes the propaganda abroad developed the priests Leocadio Lobo and Alberto Bonet during the Spanish Civil War, both the service of republican government and the insurgent coalition, respectively. This has been resorted to important documentary sources and texts of the time, which gives us a fairly detailed picture of the dialectic that generated intense fighting in various European countries the performance of the Spanish Church between 1936 and 1939.

  14. Cinema, fascism and propaganda: a historic approximation to the Portuguese Estado Novo

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pena-Rodriguez, Alberto

    2012-01-01

    .... Portugal's National Propaganda Secretariat and other structures controlling public communication played an important role in persuading the Portuguese society and promoting a positive image of the Salazarist abroad...

  15. Propaganda techniques in law enforcement practice: experience of the Republic of Belarus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stukanov V.G.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the objectives of public administration is stated – influencing the public consciousness to form values and world view, attitude of the people towards rules of law and public authorities. Propaganda is an effective means of organizing such influence. It’s proved that propaganda is a specially organized process of presenting information aimed at the assimilation of declared by the state system of moral and legal norms and values as well as social and political views by the public consciousness. Propaganda is a means of state ideology, therefore it includes value attitude to the historical, political, social and economic processes; evaluation of historical development models and the balance of political forces; attitude to legally protected values, state authorities and law enforcement agencies, criminal behaviour. The following subjects of propaganda are recognized: state, public authorities, mass media, civil society actors (political parties, trade unions, public and religious associations and foundations, national diasporas, etc.. Their information and communication activities meet the national interests declared officially. The objects of propaganda are public consciousness, the system of spiritual values, worldviews, social and political views and attitudes, as well as the historical memory of the people. The state is the source of propaganda views and ideas. It acts as methodologist of propaganda activities, developing the concept of propaganda on the basis of state ideology, and ensuring its implementation through executive and administrative authorities, political, public and other institutions. The state creates the mechanism and appropriate conditions for propaganda influence, using administrative, economic, personnel and other resources.

  16. All Propaganda is Dangerous, but Some are More Dangerous than Others: George Orwell and the Use of Literature as Propaganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samantha Senn

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The true battles of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union were fought on the ideological front: pitting democracy and capitalism against totalitarianism and communism. The Office of Policy Coordination (OPC of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA was formed in the late 1940s to help combat the spread of Communism across Europe and in the United States. Part of the “psychological warfare” included the use of propaganda. Around the same time, British author George Orwell had recently published Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. Both novels, due to the anti-Communist overtones, were adopted by the OPC as part of a larger anti-Soviet campaign. By examining the use by intelligence agencies of Orwell’s works during the Cold War and the potential use of those works in a post-9/11 global society, this paper aims to illustrate the fickle nature of literary works as propaganda.

  17. A propaganda index for reviewing problem framing in articles and manuscripts: an exploratory study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eileen Gambrill

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of an index in increasing recognition of misleading problem framing in articles and manuscripts. DESIGN: A propaganda index consisting of 32 items was developed drawing on related literature. Seventeen subjects who review manuscripts for possible publication were requested to read five recent published reports of randomized controlled trials concerning social anxiety and to identify indicators of propaganda (defined as encouraging beliefs and actions with the least thought possible. They then re-read the same five articles using a propaganda index to note instances of propaganda. DATA SOURCE: Convenience sample of individuals who review manuscripts for possible publication and sample of recent published reports of randomized controlled trials regarding social anxiety in five different journals by different authors, blinded by author and journal. RESULTS: Data showed that there was a high rate of propagandistic problem framing in reports of RCTs regarding social anxiety such as hiding well argued alternative views and vagueness. This occurred in 117 out of 160 opportunities over five research reports. A convenience sample of 17 academics spotted only 4.5 percent of propaganda indicators. This increased to 64 percent with use of the 32 item propaganda index. Use of a propaganda index increased recognition of related indicators. However many instances remained undetected. CONCLUSION: This propaganda index warrants further exploration as a complement to reporting guidelines such as CONSORT and PRISMA.

  18. A Propaganda Index for Reviewing Problem Framing in Articles and Manuscripts: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gambrill, Eileen; Reiman, Amanda

    2011-01-01

    Objective To determine the effectiveness of an index in increasing recognition of misleading problem framing in articles and manuscripts. Design A propaganda index consisting of 32 items was developed drawing on related literature. Seventeen subjects who review manuscripts for possible publication were requested to read five recent published reports of randomized controlled trials concerning social anxiety and to identify indicators of propaganda (defined as encouraging beliefs and actions with the least thought possible). They then re-read the same five articles using a propaganda index to note instances of propaganda. Data source Convenience sample of individuals who review manuscripts for possible publication and sample of recent published reports of randomized controlled trials regarding social anxiety in five different journals by different authors, blinded by author and journal. Results Data showed that there was a high rate of propagandistic problem framing in reports of RCTs regarding social anxiety such as hiding well argued alternative views and vagueness. This occurred in 117 out of 160 opportunities over five research reports. A convenience sample of 17 academics spotted only 4.5 percent of propaganda indicators. This increased to 64 percent with use of the 32 item propaganda index. Use of a propaganda index increased recognition of related indicators. However many instances remained undetected. Conclusion This propaganda index warrants further exploration as a complement to reporting guidelines such as CONSORT and PRISMA. PMID:21647426

  19. A propaganda index for reviewing problem framing in articles and manuscripts: an exploratory study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gambrill, Eileen; Reiman, Amanda

    2011-01-01

    To determine the effectiveness of an index in increasing recognition of misleading problem framing in articles and manuscripts. A propaganda index consisting of 32 items was developed drawing on related literature. Seventeen subjects who review manuscripts for possible publication were requested to read five recent published reports of randomized controlled trials concerning social anxiety and to identify indicators of propaganda (defined as encouraging beliefs and actions with the least thought possible). They then re-read the same five articles using a propaganda index to note instances of propaganda. Convenience sample of individuals who review manuscripts for possible publication and sample of recent published reports of randomized controlled trials regarding social anxiety in five different journals by different authors, blinded by author and journal. Data showed that there was a high rate of propagandistic problem framing in reports of RCTs regarding social anxiety such as hiding well argued alternative views and vagueness. This occurred in 117 out of 160 opportunities over five research reports. A convenience sample of 17 academics spotted only 4.5 percent of propaganda indicators. This increased to 64 percent with use of the 32 item propaganda index. Use of a propaganda index increased recognition of related indicators. However many instances remained undetected. This propaganda index warrants further exploration as a complement to reporting guidelines such as CONSORT and PRISMA.

  20. The Decroly School in Documentaries (1930s-1950s): Contextualising Propaganda from within

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Gorp, Angelo

    2011-01-01

    Propaganda is conspicuous for what it conceals and always cautious about what it reveals. Starting from the assumption that all documentaries on the Decroly School in Uccle (Brussels), the school Ovide Decroly (1871-1932) founded in 1907, are propaganda, this article tackles the question as to how to "read" this particular set of…

  1. Teaching about Propaganda: An Examination of the Historical Roots of Media Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hobbs, Renee; McGee, Sandra

    2014-01-01

    Contemporary propaganda is ubiquitous in our culture today as public relations and marketing efforts have become core dimensions of the contemporary communication system, affecting all forms of personal, social and public expression. To examine the origins of teaching and learning about propaganda, we examine some instructional materials produced…

  2. DIVAS – THE BLAZING WEAPONS OF SOCIALIST PROPAGANDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea Gabriela IONESCU-BERECHET

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The Russians communist theoreticians have assigned an important role for the cinema - one of the propaganda vectors. Easy to understand, spectacular and glamorous had all the right attributes to convey the message of a new world. In this set up, the role of the female characters, divas had their well-defined place. This paper will present the powerful story of feminine heroism during the war, a heroism inspired by the admiration for a fictitious character. In this endeavor I will travel in time and present the building pillars of the story and its impact with the public at the time.

  3. Sonhos de Nabucodonosor: aspectos da propaganda do Estado Novo Pernambucano

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Gomes de Souza Neto, José

    2005-01-01

    Este trabalho tem por objetivo explorar as diversas formas e imagens criadas e utilizadas pela propaganda oficial do Estado Novo pernambucano durante seu período de vigência, entre 1937 e 1945, mais particularmente em seus primeiros cinco anos, a grosso modo, o período em que o Brasil ainda não se envolvera na II Guerra Mundial. Durante estes oito anos, Pernambuco foi governado pelo interventor federal Agamenon Magalhães. A partir da análise do que ainda resta do vasto mater...

  4. Roy Greenslade, Press Gang - How Newspapers Make Profits From Propaganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilbert Millat

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Avec son titre Press Gang en rouge sur fond noir, la volumineuse étude de Roy Greenslade, au sous-titre accrocheur How Newspapers Make Profits From Propaganda, se présente davantage sous les dehors d’un roman policier que d’un ouvrage savant. Au terme d’une longue carrière de journaliste, l’auteur, ancien rédacteur en chef du Daily Mirror et qui a collaboré à neuf journaux nationaux, est devenu Professor of Journalism à la City University de Londres. Grâce à sa connaissance encyclopédique du ...

  5. Corpo e identidade na propaganda Body and identity in advertisement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iara Beleli

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Ainda que pensada de maneira plural, identidade tem sido tomada por muitos autores como o cerne da constituição dos indivíduos que, todo o tempo, parecem ser interpelados sobre sua localização neste cenário cada vez mais diversificado. Este artigo propõe explorar esses chamados às identificações permeadas, particularmente, por construções de gênero e sexualidade. O recorte aqui privilegiado centra-se em propagandas vencedoras de festivais nacionais e em peças veiculadas em revistas de entretenimento. A análise das imagens e dos recursos de linguagem utilizados busca apreender como a propaganda reifica ou desestabiliza noções de gênero e sexualidade percebidas como tradicionais.Although identity can be interpreted in many ways, it has been considered as the core of individual constitution and often seems to interpellate for one's localization in this diverse setting. The purpose of this article is to explore the demand for permeable identifications of gender and sexuality constructions. It focuses on National award-winning advertisements, as well as articles displayed in entertainment magazines. The image analysis and language resources used aim to apprehend how advertising reifies or destabilizes gender and sexuality notions taken as traditional.

  6. Algumas considerações sobre a chamada propaganda subliminar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Roberto Withaker Penteado

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available O autor faz uma revisão das origens da expressão "propaganda subliminar" e do seu percurso histórico a partir dos eventos de 1957, nos EUA, que deram notoriedade ao assunto. Em seguida, a partir de considerações teóricas sobre as formas pelas quais se processa a comunicação publicitária, procura demonstrar que carecem de fundamento as afirmações de que tais ações possam atingir os seus objetivos fora dos limites de percepção dos receptores. Palavras-chaves: propaganda, percepção, psicologia, percepção. ABSTRACT The author reviews the origins ofthe expression "subliminal advertising" and its development after the 1957 events - in the USA - which gave the subject its present notoriety. This is followed by theoretical considerations about the process of advertising communication, which aim at demonstrating as baseless the claims that such actions may take place below the human threshold of perception. Keywords: advertising, perception, psychology, communication.

  7. O velho na propaganda Old people in advertising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guita Grin Debert

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo trata das imagens de mulheres e homens velhos na publicidade. Com base em entrevistas, realizadas com os criadores das propagandas, ativistas da questão da velhice e através de uma dinâmica com um grupo da terceira idade, é analisado um corpus de propagandas apresentadas na televisão nos anos 90. O argumento central é que estas imagens são ativas na produção da "reprivatização do envelhecimento", que implica sua transformação num problema dos indivíduos considerados incapazes de se envolver em atividades motivadoras, deixando de adotar formas de consumo e estilos de vida adequados para evitar a velhice.The article deals with images of old men and women in advertising. It analyzes a corpus of TV ads of the 1990's based on interviews with advertising creators, old age activists and a group discussion with a third age activity group. The central argument concerns the fact that those images promote the "reprivatization of aging", which implies transforming it into a problem concerning individuals that are seen as unable to develop motivating skills, and to adopt consumption patterns and ways of life appropriate to avoid old age.

  8. Orígenes del republicanismo ruso: prensa y propaganda de los decembristas

    OpenAIRE

    Vázquez Liñán, Miguel

    2006-01-01

    El siguiente artículo analiza el significado que el levantamiento decembrista de 1825 en Rusia tuvo para la historia del periodismo y la propaganda en ese país. En este contexto, se pone en relación la propaganda decembrista con los inicios de la difusión de las tesis republicanas en Rusia. The following article analyses the meaning of the 1825 Russian’s decembrist uprising in the history of Journalism and Propaganda in that country. In this context, the article relates the decembrist prop...

  9. Fujimorismo: propaganda política y herencia populista

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz Meléndez, Sara Mariella

    2015-01-01

    El presente trabajo es un acercamiento a lo que es el fujimorismo en el Perú. Alberto Fujimori gobernó el Perú entre 1990 – 2000, en esos años el Perú vivió una dictadura disfrazada de democracia. El autoritarismo populista de Alberto Fujimori consiguió el apoyo de la población que vivía ciega ante la corrupción de su gobierno. Alberto Fujimori controló todos los poderes del Estado y los medios de comunicación a través de los cuales transmitía su propaganda política, que le permitió manteners...

  10. State Propaganda and Bureaucratic Intelligence: The Creation of Public Relations in 20th Century Britain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    L'Etang, Jacquie

    1998-01-01

    Presents a review of the developments which led to the establishment of the public-relations occupation in Britain. Discusses themes of democracy and totalitarianism, propaganda, bureaucracy, and professionalization. (RS)

  11. SAFETY

    CERN Multimedia

    Niels Dupont

    2013-01-01

    CERN Safety rules and Radiation Protection at CMS The CERN Safety rules are defined by the Occupational Health & Safety and Environmental Protection Unit (HSE Unit), CERN’s institutional authority and central Safety organ attached to the Director General. In particular the Radiation Protection group (DGS-RP1) ensures that personnel on the CERN sites and the public are protected from potentially harmful effects of ionising radiation linked to CERN activities. The RP Group fulfils its mandate in collaboration with the CERN departments owning or operating sources of ionising radiation and having the responsibility for Radiation Safety of these sources. The specific responsibilities concerning "Radiation Safety" and "Radiation Protection" are delegated as follows: Radiation Safety is the responsibility of every CERN Department owning radiation sources or using radiation sources put at its disposition. These Departments are in charge of implementing the requi...

  12. The Cathedral of Ice: Terministic Screens, Tyrannizing Images, Visual Rhetoric, and Nazi Propaganda Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Barton, Matthew

    1999-01-01

    Many aspects of the Nazis’ methods of persuasion, especially the rhetoric and psychology of printed propaganda and the speeches of Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels have been the subjects of intensive study. Oddly, the subject of technology applied as an instrument or supplement to propaganda, or the rhetorical contributions of technological devices, has very little representation in Nazi studies, despite the significance it played in their rise to power. This thesis attempts to fill that gap....

  13. Atitude do consumidor frente à propaganda: um estudo sobre os apelos racionais e emocionais da propaganda na indústria farmacêutica

    OpenAIRE

    Melby Karina Zúñiga Huertas

    2005-01-01

    Diante de discrepâncias na literatura sobre a recomendação de alguns modelos de propaganda de se emparelhar os apelos (racionais ou emocionais) à atitude do consumidor sobre o produto (predominantemente cognitiva ou predominantemente afetiva), o objetivo geral desta Tese foi avaliar tal recomendação. A revisão bibliográfica evidenciou algumas lacunas teóricas: 1) generalização indevida de resultados de estudos sobre formatos de propaganda para produtos de outras categorias; 2) não mensuração ...

  14. Women’s image as used in the context of republican political propaganda during The Spanish Civil War / La mujer en la propaganda política republicana de la Guerra Civil española

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Gómez Escarda

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available During the civil war the republican political propaganda used the image of woman many times. This paper analyses the posters addressed to women, the posters which used women’s images and the propaganda of the Antifascist Women Association. This propaganda used to depict women as men or in a very man like fashion, when talking on militia women or about the work of women in the agricultural sector. However the propaganda used to be much more extreme, either being softer or sometimes by being more dramatic about women when talking on bombings, help petitions and the role of women in the battlefield.

  15. Propaganda ehk "kui sõna ei löö, siis ei löö ka kaigas" / Heiki Raudla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudla, Heiki, 1949-

    2001-01-01

    Propaganda kujunemisest läbi ajaloo, erinevatest teooriatest, reeglitest ja võtetest. Propagandaalasest tegevusest Eestis 1924-1940, Riikliku propaganda talituse (RPT) loomisest 27.09.1935 ja selle juhist Edgar Kigastest

  16. Paul Signac's Decorative Propaganda of the 1890s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brion, Katherine

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In the 1890s the political and artistic ambitions of the neo-impressionist artist Paul Signac were embodied by a series of decorative projects. This article contends that Signac, inspired by anarcho-communist discourse and the prospect of revolution, attempted to synthesize in these works the didactic logic of propaganda and "purely aesthetic emotion." This synthesis was epitomized by the explicit deployment of two systems, divisionism and decorative pattern. With these systems, Signac hoped to initiate contemporary viewers into the aesthetic and social harmony of an anarcho-communist future. In the interest of addressing larger audiences, particularly among workers, he imagined proletarian spaces for his work. But the didactic elements of Signac's painting met with critical resistance, and public sites he envisioned never materialized. Faced with this lack of recognition, and with a diminished revolutionary outlook in the wake of the Procès des Trente, Signac focused his painting on atemporal landscapes. This trajectory has been read as one of aesthetic liberation; this article seeks to retrieve the extent to which it was also one of constraint, tied to the frustration of Signac's political aspirations.

  17. Ecuador 1984. Propaganda electoral en la prensa de Quito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Carmen Cevallos

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La revista se centra en el rol que desempeñan los medios en las campañas electorales,se publica la función política de éstos en Escandinavia,(1983La campaña electoral en una transición política en Argentina, (1986Una democracia amenazada en Costa Rica, Rescate de la memoria colectiva desde el Perú, (1983 Impacto de la crisis económica en Venezuela,(1986 Impresiones del periodismo político en Austria, (1984Propaganda electoral en la prensa de Quito, (1984 Estados Unidos. Estrategia de Comunicación:la elección presidencial. En la sección NUEVAS TECNOLOGÍAS se habla de los flujos de datos transfrontera (FDT y cuestiones afines. En DOCUMENTOS se publica sobre Innovación tecnológica en Educación, el Informe de proyectos 1985, la Primera reunión de Jamaica.

  18. Mídia e educação: reflexões sobre a propaganda da propaganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iara Oliveira Gomes

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Este artigo analisa os fragmentos da noção de cultura divulgada pela campanha publicitária veiculada na televisão. O objetivo é discutir o consumismo de bens materiais e simbólicos pela via da sedução da propaganda destinada a um grande público. As proposições teóricas de Ellsworth, Hall, Kellner entre outros possibilitam uma análise do discurso para pensar uma educação para a mídia no espaço escolar.  A indústria midiática atua no processo de subjetivação dos indivíduos e estimula a cultura do consumo. Considera relevante a formação de professores e professoras para decodificação das mensagens midiática, a fim de realizar de uma leitura critica e consciente.

  19. Propagandas de medicamentos psicoativos: análise das informações científicas Psychoactive drug advertising: analysis of scientific information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia C Mastroianni

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Segundo a Organização Mundial da Saúde, as propagandas de medicamentos devem ser fidedignas, exatas, verdadeiras, informativas, equilibradas, atualizadas e passíveis de comprovação. O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar as propagandas de medicamentos psicoativos divulgadas a médicos, em relação à concordância das informações contidas nas peças publicitárias com as suas respectivas referências bibliográficas e à acessibilidade dessas referências citadas. MÉTODOS: A coleta de dados foi realizada durante o ano de 2005, em Araraquara, SP. Foram coletadas e analisadas propagandas de 152 medicamentos, num total de 304 referências. As referências bibliográficas foram solicitadas aos serviços de atendimento ao cliente dos laboratórios e consultadas nas bibliotecas da rede UNESP (Ibict, Athenas, BIREME (SciELO, PubMed, periódicos catalogados de acesso livre e periódicos CAPES. As afirmações das propagandas foram conferidas com as das referências por meio da técnica de análise de conteúdo. RESULTADOS: Das referências citadas nas propagandas, 66,7% foram acessadas. De 639 afirmações identificadas, foi possível analisar 346 (54%. Verificou-se que 67,7% das afirmações das propagandas conferiam com suas referências e as demais não conferiam ou conferiam parcialmente. Entre as propagandas analisadas, foi observada média de 2,5 (1-28 referências citadas por propaganda. No corpo das propagandas, foram identificadas 639 informações que estavam explicitamente associadas à pelo menos uma das referências citadas (média de 3,5 informações por propaganda. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados evidenciaram a dificuldade de acesso às referências. As mensagens de eficácia, segurança, custos, entre outras, nem sempre estão respaldadas por estudos científicos. São necessárias mudanças nas exigências legais e fiscalização efetiva das promoções de medicamentos.OBJECTIVE: According to the World Health Organization

  20. Propaganda e educação na sociedade cosmeticamente mediada

    OpenAIRE

    Terci, Carla Francini Hidalgo

    2016-01-01

    A educação carrega o duplo compromisso de dispor o mundo existente aos nascituros, bem como de preservar o mundo para as gerações futuras. A propaganda comercial, atividade comunicacional de natureza massiva e persuasiva, veicula um recorte transcodado do mundo. A educação e a propaganda têm em comum o papel de apresentar o mundo às pessoas que nele vivem. A primeira, pela via da dúvida e do diálogo e a outra, pela via da certeza monológica. O presente trabalho buscou compreender essa confluê...

  1. A body plural: the assessments of Lula in political propaganda electoral 2006

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Kleber Saraiva de Sousa

    2008-01-01

    Esta pesquisa organiza reflexÃes sobre os significados que o corpo do presidente Luis InÃcio Lula da Silva deixou expressar na propaganda polÃtica eleitoral de 2006. Para tanto, compreendi a campanha do candidato na televisÃo como sendo um evento cultural e palco de manifestaÃÃes plurais no tocante as significaÃÃes identificadas em suas narrativas, em seu corpo e nas letras de mÃsicas que o acompanharam. Essas anÃlises foram realizadas com bases no que denominei de etnografia da propaganda, i...

  2. Propaganda negativa: ataque versus votos nas eleições presidenciais de 2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Claudio Lourenço

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo trata de um objeto de pesquisa muito comum na literatura estrangeira sobre Comunicação Política, mas ainda pouco estudado no Brasil: a propaganda negativa (negative ads. Caracterizada normalmente por ataques aos adversários, a utilização de propaganda negativa não representa novidade em eleições majoritárias no Brasil. Contudo, seu estudo retórico e a observação de sua repercussão junto ao eleitor ainda permanecem muito pouco estudados em nosso país. Nossa contribuição aqui é justamente fazer essas análises com base nas eleições presidenciais de 2002, marcadamente um dos pleitos presidenciais recentes que mais veicularam propaganda negativa. Este artigo se divide em 5 partes: 1 - um breve histórico do que é a propaganda negativa; 2 - os fatores que contribuíram para a veiculação da propaganda negativa em 2002; 3 - a repercussão na mídia da propaganda negativa em 2002; 4 - a análise retórica da propaganda negativa e 5 - a repercussão da propaganda negativa junto ao eleitor comum.This present article deals with an object of very common research in foreign literature on Communication Politics, but still less studied in Brazil: the negative ads. Currently, the main characteristic of the negative ads are the attacks between the opponents and their utilization did not represent newness on majoritary elections in Brazil, but its rhetorical study and their observation among the voters are still less studied in our country. Our contribution here is exactly to promote this type of analysis during the Brazilian presidential elections of 2002, remarkably one of the most presidential running with negative ads. This article is divided in five topics: 1 - an historical briefing about the negative ads; 2 - the factors that had contributed for the propagation of the negative ads in 2002; 3 - their repercussion on the Brazilian media (television in that year; 4 - the rhetorical analysis of negative ad and 5 - the

  3. Cyberspace as a new arena for terroristic propaganda: an updated examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minei, Elizabeth; Matusitz, Jonathan

    2012-11-01

    This paper analyzes the role of propaganda use in cyberterrorism. The main premise is that cyberterrorists display various semiotic gestures (e.g., the use of images and Internet videos) to communicate their intents to the public at large. In doing so, they communicate themes-these themes range from hate to anger. Cyberterrorism, then, is a form of theater or spectacle in which terrorists exploit cyberspace to trigger feelings of panic and overreaction in the target population. In many cases, this form of propaganda is the primary means of communication for various cyberterrorist groups to convey their intents. Internet sites also produce numerous opportunities for in-group communication and publicity.

  4. SAFETY

    CERN Multimedia

    C. Schaefer and N. Dupont

    2013-01-01

      “Safety is the highest priority”: this statement from CERN is endorsed by the CMS management. An interpretation of this statement may bring you to the conclusion that you should stop working in order to avoid risks. If the safety is the priority, work is not! This would be a misunderstanding and misinterpretation. One should understand that “working safely” or “operating safely” is the priority at CERN. CERN personnel are exposed to different hazards on many levels on a daily basis. However, risk analyses and assessments are done in order to limit the number and the gravity of accidents. For example, this process takes place each time you cross the road. The hazard is the moving vehicle, the stake is you and the risk might be the risk of collision between both. The same principle has to be applied during our daily work. In particular, keeping in mind the general principles of prevention defined in the late 1980s. These principles wer...

  5. SAFETY

    CERN Document Server

    M. Plagge, C. Schaefer and N. Dupont

    2013-01-01

    Fire Safety – Essential for a particle detector The CMS detector is a marvel of high technology, one of the most precise particle measurement devices we have built until now. Of course it has to be protected from external and internal incidents like the ones that can occur from fires. Due to the fire load, the permanent availability of oxygen and the presence of various ignition sources mostly based on electricity this has to be addressed. Starting from the beam pipe towards the magnet coil, the detector is protected by flooding it with pure gaseous nitrogen during operation. The outer shell of CMS, namely the yoke and the muon chambers are then covered by an emergency inertion system also based on nitrogen. To ensure maximum fire safety, all materials used comply with the CERN regulations IS 23 and IS 41 with only a few exceptions. Every piece of the 30-tonne polyethylene shielding is high-density material, borated, boxed within steel and coated with intumescent (a paint that creates a thick co...

  6. Propaganda and Surveillance in George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four: Two Sides of the Same Coin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Yeo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Propaganda and surveillance are pervasive in contemporary society. Extensive literatures have developed around each. George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four is an important point of reference in both literatures. Orwell takes both propaganda and surveillance to extreme limits: total surveillance and total propaganda. Writing them large he brings important aspects of each into sharp relief, which is why his novel has the iconic status that it does for theorists in both literatures. However Nineteen Eighty-Four is of interest not just for its potential contribution to theorizing about propaganda or about surveillance. Propaganda and surveillance in the novel are not just accidentally related but essentially linked. I show how they work not just individually but in tandem in Orwell’s text, playing complementary roles in an absurd project of total social control directed not just at behaviour but also thought. Relating propaganda and surveillance in a sustained and systematic reading of the novel reveals it to be an even richer resource for theorizing about either surveillance or propaganda than it is when read, as it typically is, with an emphasis on one or the other. Additionally, from a literary perspective this reading opens up what I believe is a fresh perspective on the novel and makes it more inviting for a thoughtful and rewarding reread.

  7. Promoção e propaganda de medicamentos em ambientes de ensino: elementos para o debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marisa Palácios

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available A indústria farmacêutica utiliza a propaganda para a promoção de seus produtos. Os de uso controlado só podem ter a propaganda dirigida a profissionais habilitados a prescrevê-los ou dispensá-los. Este artigo faz uma ampla revisão de artigos científicos que discutem questões éticas e legais acerca da promoção e propaganda de medicamentos em ambientes de ensino médico. Conclui-se que não se justifica a auto-regulamentação da propaganda de medicamentos e que existem evidências suficientes de como o poder da indústria farmacêutica é capaz de influenciar as decisões no âmbito da relação médico-paciente, sendo a promoção e a propaganda um de seus instrumentos. Defende-se sua total proibição em ambientes de ensino, bem como a incorporação da temática na formação dos estudantes. Como a legislação vigente permite a propaganda de medicamentos vendidos sob prescrição apenas a médicos e farmacêuticos, destaca-se que tal propaganda é ilegal quando atinge estudantes de medicina e de farmácia.

  8. Use of propaganda during information wars: nature, mechanisms and technologies of influencing public opinion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. H. Stadnyk

    2017-07-01

    - propaganda of second type is based not on news model as it was described, these models work as an art documentary film. That is, if the news priority is given to the fact. It has not less significant role in case of documentary films, it forms information which can hold the attention of the propaganda’s recipient.

  9. Propaganda filmimäng sai läbi / Märt Milter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Milter, Märt

    2002-01-01

    1987. aastal David Fincheri ja Dominic Sena asutatud Propaganda Films, mis tootis muusikavideosid ja reklaamfilme. Firma lõpetas tegevuse, kuna selle juhtijate viisik on tänaseks saanud Hollywoodi edukateks mängufilmide režissöörideks

  10. Inducing Resistance to Conspiracy Theory Propaganda: Testing Inoculation and Metainoculation Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banas, John A.; Miller, Gregory

    2013-01-01

    This investigation examined the boundaries of inoculation theory by examining how inoculation can be applied to conspiracy theory propaganda as well as inoculation itself (called metainoculation). A 3-phase experiment with 312 participants compared 3 main groups: no-treatment control, inoculation, and metainoculation. Research questions explored…

  11. Why Does China Allow Freer Social Media? Protests versus Surveillance and Propaganda

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bei Qin; David Strömberg; Yanhui Wu

    2017-01-01

    ... athttps://doi.org/10.1257/jep.31.1.117 doi=10.1257/jep.31.1.117 Why Does China Allow Freer Social Media? Protests versus Surveillance and Propaganda Bei Qin, David Strmberg, and Yanhui Wu 118 Journal of Economic Perspectives to this information shock? A first step in addressing these questions is to document the information published and co...

  12. Twenty years at the margins: the Herman-Chomsky propaganda model, 1988-2008

    OpenAIRE

    Mullen, Andy

    2008-01-01

    2008 marks the 20th anniversary of the publication of Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media by Edward S. Herman and Noam Chomsky. This comment briefly assesses how the Herman-Chomsky Propaganda Model (PM) has been received within the field of media and communication studies in the United Kingdom.

  13. Promoção e propaganda de medicamentos em ambientes de ensino: elementos para o debate

    OpenAIRE

    Palácios,Marisa; Rego,Sergio; Lino,Maria Helena

    2008-01-01

    A indústria farmacêutica utiliza a propaganda para a promoção de seus produtos. Os de uso controlado só podem ter a propaganda dirigida a profissionais habilitados a prescrevê-los ou dispensá-los. Este artigo faz uma ampla revisão de artigos científicos que discutem questões éticas e legais acerca da promoção e propaganda de medicamentos em ambientes de ensino médico. Conclui-se que não se justifica a auto-regulamentação da propaganda de medicamentos e que existem evidências suficientes de co...

  14. August 1936: terror and propaganda. The origins of the Causa General | Agosto de 1936: terror y propaganda. Los orígenes de la Causa General

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Espinosa Maestre

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The propaganda battle began at the same time as the military coup of 18 July was tearing the country apart. In spite of the strict control of information deployed by the insurgents from the very beginning, the presence of foreign correspondents in that early period led to an outflow of pictures and reports that seriously damaged the image that those involved in the coup sought to project abroad. This is precisely what transpired in Badajoz in August 1936. Thus, the Nationalist propaganda machine launched an immediate campaign revealing Marxist atrocities, which bore fruit that same year with the so-called Avances del Informe Oficial, reports prepared in Seville which gave rise to the Causa General, the great legal process against the vanquished, decreed by Franco in April 1940. These advance reports encountered one major problem: the lack of bloodshed perpetrated by the Republican side in the southwest of Spain. | La batalla de la propaganda se inició al mismo tiempo que el golpe militar del 18 de julio desgarraba el país. A pesar del estricto control de la información que los sublevados ejercieron desde un principio, la presencia de corresponsales extranjeros provocó que en aquellos momentos iniciales pasasen al exterior imágenes y crónicas que dañaban seriamente la imagen que aquellos querían dar. Así ocurrió en Badajoz en agosto del 36. En consecuencia, el servicio de propaganda de los golpistas comenzó de inmediato una campaña mostrando los crímenes marxistas que dio sus primeros frutos en ese mismo año con los llamados Avances del Informe Oficial, informes que, gestados en Sevilla, constituyen realmente los orígenes de la Causa General, el gran proceso contra los vencidos decretado por Franco en abril de 1940. Dichos Avances sólo encontraron un problema: la insuficiente sangre derramada por los rojos en el suroeste español.

  15. A Critical Evaluation of Herman and Chomsky’s Propaganda Model /Evaluación crítica del modelo de propaganda de Herman y Chomsky

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lic. Joan Pedro; joan.pedro@estumail.ucm.es

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews the five elements (filters which compose the Propaganda Model and evaluates its relevance and validity twenty years after its original elaboration by Edward S. Herman and Noam Chomsky. The article also analyzes the applicability of the model to other contexts which were not originally contemplated and reflects on other elements which also have the effect of filtering the information and, therefore, should be taken into account by the model. Finally, it considers the possibility of adding two new filters proposed by other authors. The article concludes that the Propaganda Model is even more valid today than it was twenty years ago. It is a very adequate research tool for the analysis of the mass media, but, since it promotes an analysis which is contrary to the interests of the élites, it tends to be institutionally marginalized.Este artículo repasa los cinco elementos (filtros que componen el Modelo de Propaganda y evalúa su relevancia y validez veinte años después de su elaboración original por Edward S. Herman y Noam Chomsky. El artículo analiza después la aplicabilidad del modelo a otros contextos que no fueron originalmente contemplados y reflexiona sobre otros elementos que también tienen el efecto de filtrar la información y que, por tanto, deben tenerse en cuenta por el modelo. Por último, considera la posibilidad de añadir dos nuevos filtros propuestos por otros autores. El artículo concluye que el Modelo de Propaganda es hoy aún más válido que hace veinte años. Es una herramienta de investigación muy adecuada para el análisis de los medios de comunicación de masas, pero que, al promover un análisis contrario a los intereses de las élites, tiende a ser marginado institucionalmente.

  16. Propaganda and cultural control in the beginnings of the ‘New State’ | Propaganda y dirigismo cultural en los inicios del nuevo Estado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Sevillano Calero

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available From the moment Franco was proclaimed national leader on 29 September 1936, propaganda became increasingly important as a means of legitimising the ‘national cause’. Cultural policy, however, was to become an object of contention during the early years of the ‘New State’, in the struggle for mastery of the core symbolic values of the state, through control of educational and cultural institutions and propaganda organisations. Amid these disputes over the definition of the scope of cultural production, the totalitarian policy promoted by the Falange became predominant. This policy aimed to create a ‘popular culture’ and shape a ‘national consciousness’, not only through indoctrination but also by establishing the concept of the ‘ideal man’ and by encouraging people to conform to a model ‘life style’, conceived by the Falange as the moral essence of their policy. | Desde la proclamación de la jefatura política de Franco el 29 de septiembre de 1936, la propaganda fue cada vez más importante en la legitimación de la causa nacional. Pero la política cultural en los comienzos del nuevo Estado fue objeto de disputas por el dominio del espacio simbólico del poder a través del control de las instituciones educativas y culturales y de los organismos de propaganda. En estas disputas por la definición del campo de producción cultural, fue relevante la política totalitaria favorecida desde la Falange; un proyecto que aspiraba a forjar una cultura popular y a formar una conciencia nacional no sólo a través del adoctrinamiento de las conciencias, sino a partir de un «ideal de hombre», de la adecuación de las conductas a un «estilo de vida», concebido como la esencia moral de la política.

  17. Somijas un Padomju Savienības skrejlapu propaganda Ziemas kara laikā

    OpenAIRE

    Turovska, Jekaterina

    2017-01-01

    Bakalaura darbs “Somijas un Padomju Savienības skrejlapu propaganda Ziemas kara laikā” apskata Somijas un Padomju Savienības skrejlapu propagandu ar Harolda Lasvela (Harold Lasswell) kara propagandas teorijas un Mīke Bāles (Mieke Bal) vēstījuma teorijas palīdzību. Darba mērķis ir analizēt un salīdzināt naratorus, varoņus, tēmas, vietas un attēlus Somija un Padomju Savienības skrejlapās. Analizējot Somijas un Padomju Savienības skrejlapas, redzams, ka abām ir līdzības un atšķirības....

  18. The Interaction of Extremist Propaganda and Anger as Predictors of Violent Responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shortland, Neil; Nader, Elias; Imperillo, Nicholas; Ross, Kyrielle; Dmello, Jared

    2017-12-01

    In this study, and with a view to extending upon existing findings on the effects of general violent media on violent cognitions, we experimentally measured the relationship between exposure to extremist propaganda and violent cognitions. Our results countered our hypotheses and the wider findings of violent media and aggression that exposure to violent stimuli increases violent thoughts and that this effect is moderated by trait aggression. Specifically, this study found that participants with low and medium trait aggression became more pro-social after being exposed to extremist propaganda. We discuss these results with reference to theories of terror management and mortality salience, as well as the implications of these results for wider theories of the role of online extremist material in the wider "radicalization" process.

  19. El Amazonas, el Mediterráneo de agua dulce: migración y propaganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María de Sarges

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available En el apogeo de la economía del caucho en la Amazonia un número considerable de emigrantes, entre ellos de la Península ibérica, llegaron a la región. Este artículo aborda la propaganda como elemento fundamental de reclutamiento de los trabajadores europeos para la región a finales del siglo xix e inicios del xx.

  20. Natural Language Processing Of Online Propaganda As A Means Of Passively Monitoring An Adversarial Ideology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-01

    Warfare. 14. SUBJECT TERMS data mining, natural language processing, machine learning, algorithm design, information warfare, propaganda 15. NUMBER OF...grade magazines, as seen in Figure 1.1. These magazines show acute awareness: they include direct responses to remarks made by Western politicians ...of human interpretations. While this thesis does not seek to replace intelligence operators, it does seek to help conserve manpower by expediting

  1. CINE, PROPAGANDA Y EL MUNDO DE DISNEY EN CHILE DURANTE LA SEGUNDA GUERRA MUNDIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Purcell

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo estudia el fenómeno e impacto de la propaganda cinematográfica de Estados Unidos en Chile durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Se argumenta que la serie de proyectos fílmicos planeados y realizados por Estados Unidos durante el conflicto fueron parte de una diplomacia cultural que no estuvo escindida de los principales lineamientos diplomáticos trazados desde Washington. Por el contrario, queda de manifiesto la estrecha vinculación de la industria hollywoodense con el Departamento de Estado. El cine y otras formas de propaganda tuvieron una amplia difusión en el país, y contribuyeron a consolidar el mensaje de Estados Unidos entre la población chilena, independiente de reacciones negativas puntuales, asociadas a representaciones cinematográficas de Chile que hirieron sensibilidades identitarias de parte de la ciudadanía.This article studies the phenomena and the impact of propaganda film from the United States in Chile during the World War II. I argue that the series of film projects planned and created by the United States during the conflict were part of a cultural diplomacy that was not separated from Washington's main diplomatic guidelines. On the contrary the close connection between the Hollywood film industry and the Department of State is evident. Independent of specific negative reactions associated with representations that hurt Chilean identity, film and other forms of propaganda were largely circulated throughout the country and contributed to the consolidation of the United State's message within the Chilean population.

  2. Virtual Warfare: Masculinity, Sexuality, and Propaganda in the Russo-Ukrainian War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryna Romanets

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the intersection of sexual and political discourses as a particular aspect of the body politics that Russia has employed, among other strategies, in its massive propaganda offensive during the hybrid warfare against Ukraine.While recognizing sexuality as one of the mainstream concepts in political analysis, the paper draws on sexually explicit imagery and idiom used in Russian social media, and public discursive space in general, as propaganda techniques, and maps their “genealogy” within wider sociocultural and political contexts. Being conceptualized in terms of Russian hegemonic masculinity in relation to subordinated femininity and non-hegemonic masculinities of its adversarial others, these setups reveal how sexuality constitutes uneven and contradictory nexuses of power once being co-opted by Putin’s propaganda machine. It is noteworthy that Russia’s neo-imperial discursive tactics of homologizing sexual and political dominance—when supplemented with the official rhetoric of restituting Russia as a great power, Orthodox Christian fundamentalism as an integral part of Russian unique “state-civilization,” state-sanctioned homophobia, and traditional macho gender ideology—contribute quite effectively to sustaining public support in Russia for aggression against Ukraine in the process of Russian reimperialization of the former Soviet space.

  3. “We Are All Part of the Same Family”: China’s Ethnic Propaganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Marie Brady

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The Chinese Communist Party (CCP government works hard to promote an image of ethnic harmony in China and downplays ethnic conflict by carefully controlling public information and debate about ethnic affairs. Despite such efforts, the recent clashes in Tibetan areas in 2008 and violent riots in Urumqi in 2009 reveal the weaknesses of this approach. This paper surveys the broad themes of ethnic propaganda (民族宣传, minzu xuanchuan in present-day China, looking at the organisations involved, the systems of information management they utilise, and the current “go” and “no-go” zones for debate. The paper forms part of a larger study of the politics of ethnicity in China. It is based on primary- and secondary-source research in Chinese, secondary sources in English, and extensive interviews with Chinese bureaucrats and scholars regarding China’s ethnic affairs conducted during fieldwork in China in 2002, 2004, 2005–2006, 2007, 2009, 2010 and 2012. Ethnic issues in China concern not only the minority peoples there, but also the majority Han – hence, my definition of ethnic propaganda incorporates materials relating to all of China’s ethnic groups. The paper uses the events in Tibetan areas in 2008 and in Urumqi as case studies to demonstrate how these policies play out in periods of crisis. It concludes with a discussion of the role that ethnic propaganda plays in maintaining China’s long-term political stability and its international affairs.

  4. Ações de Marketing de Relacionamento utilizadas pelas Agências de Publicidade e Propaganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger Cordeiro De Seta

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available O Marketing de Relacionamento (MR surgiu de uma necessidade de reconhecer os desejos dos clientes, com o intuito de construir e manter relacionamentos ampliando o incentivo à compra e recompra de produtos e serviços. Nesse contexto, o objetivo deste estudo foi identificar as ações que os profissionais de agências de publicidade e propaganda percebem serem ações de relacionamento com seus clientes no intuito de retê-los. Trata-se de um estudo de caráter quantitativo e descritivo com as agências de publicidade e propaganda, com dados levantados por meio de um questionário respondido por 135 profissionais de agências. Os resultados, obtidos por meio de uma regressão linear múltipla, demonstraram que os colaboradores das agências de publicidade e propaganda consideram que as práticas de MR adotadas por essas agências são atender as necessidades dos clientes e comunicação de duas vias. Concluiu-se, assim, que tais práticas, na percepção dos profissionais, são as atividades realizadas para a manutenção dos clientes das agências participantes da pesquisa. 

  5. Unidad de destino en lo universal Falange y la propaganda exterior (1936-1945

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio César MORENO CANTANO

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El control de la prensa y la propaganda se convirtió desde los inicios del régimen franquista en una preocupación constante por parte de las autoridades. El presente artículo analiza el papel desempeñado por la Delegación Nacional del Servicio Exterior de Falange, órgano encargado de difundir y promocionar en el campo internacional el ideario de la Nueva España. Para la realización de esta tarea se valió de una serie de delegaciones de Prensa y Propaganda que se localizaron principalmente en América y Europa.ABSTRACT: The control on the press and the propaganda became since the beginning of the Franco regime a constant preocupation for the authorities. The present article makes an analysis of the role of National Delegation of the Falange Exterior Services made, organization who had competences on the difusion and distribution of the idea of «The New Spain». To make this promotion, this organization had the cooperation of the press delegations specially in America and Europe.

  6. Literature and Propaganda: The Structure of Conversion in Schenzinger's Hitlerjunge Quex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Daniel Stahl

    1988-06-01

    Full Text Available Propaganda literature as a genre can profitably be analyzed by means of a structuralist approach, as Susan R. Suleiman has shown in her study of the French ideological novel. Extending her discussion of the "structure of confrontation" and the "structure of apprenticeship," this study postulates the "structure of conversion" as a fundamental form of propaganda literature. Through loss of self to a greater entity, the central character in fiction exemplifying this form finds a new identity in self-submergence. A once-popular novel by the German pro-fascist author Karl Aloys Schenzinger, Hitlerjunge Quex ( 1932, serves as a model for investigation into the structure of conversion. Religious and psychological dimensions of the central character's experience merge in a representation of conversion that is all the more powerfully ideological for disguising its political and racial assumptions. Eros and Thanatos meet in the mythic heightening of self-sacrifice, culminating in martyrdom. A consideration often ignored by structuralist critics, the use of stylistic means to reinforce implied messages, is shown to be a significant element in Hitlerjunge Quex . The value of a structuralist approach to propaganda lies in its elucidation of hidden assumptions, exposing them to critical judgment.

  7. Propagandas de medicamentos: a saúde como produto de consumo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine Teixeira Rabello

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi discutir as propagandas televisivas de medicamentos como forma de transmissão e representação das concepções circulantes sobre saúde, funções e uso de medicamentos. Foi realizada uma análise de conteúdo qualitativa em dez propagandas televisivas, diretas ao consumidor, de medicamentos de comercialização livre no mercado brasileiro, e uma propaganda institucional de uma empresa farmacêutica. Os dados mostraram que a noção que entrelaça as ideias subjacentes às mensagens e as funções do medicamento anunciadas é a de que os "problemas de saúde" advêm de questões corporais, relacionais ou sociais, mas a solução apresentada é individual e consagra-se na compra e no uso do medicamento. A análise sugere, enfim, que noções de saúde e qualidade de vida podem estar marcadas por noções que fundamentam o ideal de saúde atrelado ao consumo.

  8. Propagandas de medicamentos: a saúde como produto de consumo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine Teixeira Rabello

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi discutir as propagandas televisivas de medicamentos como forma de transmissão e representação das concepções circulantes sobre saúde, funções e uso de medicamentos. Foi realizada uma análise de conteúdo qualitativa em dez propagandas televisivas, diretas ao consumidor, de medicamentos de comercialização livre no mercado brasileiro, e uma propaganda institucional de uma empresa farmacêutica. Os dados mostraram que a noção que entrelaça as ideias subjacentes às mensagens e as funções do medicamento anunciadas é a de que os "problemas de saúde" advêm de questões corporais, relacionais ou sociais, mas a solução apresentada é individual e consagra-se na compra e no uso do medicamento. A análise sugere, enfim, que noções de saúde e qualidade de vida podem estar marcadas por noções que fundamentam o ideal de saúde atrelado ao consumo.

  9. Alimentação, Propagandas e Saúde Infanto-Juvenil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laercio Fidelis Dias

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo central do ensaio é tomar como referência os debates travados em torno da regulamentação da publicidade para crianças e adolescentes. Em termos metodológicos, na medida em que se trata de um ensaio teórico, os debates em questão contemplam os pontos de vista da indústria alimentícia, das associações de anunciantes, do Governo e de organismos que representam o consumidor. E são analisados a partir das discussões sobre ética na propaganda, das representações sociais, dos trabalhos que investigam as influências de personagens e de brindes sobre comportamento de compra e da antropologia nutricional. A discussão proposta no ensaio gira em torno das influências das propagandas nas escolhas alimentares do público infanto-juvenil, e a problemática central consiste em ponderar se tais influências são eticamente justificáveis e se os alimentos consumidos trariam riscos para a saúde, como ganho de peso e obesidade. Os resultados encontrados sugerem que as propagandas influenciam as escolhas alimentares e muitas vezes as direcionam para produtos de qualidade nutricional questionável. DOI: 10.5585/remark.v11i1.2302

  10. The anti-Yugoslavian Propaganda in the Albanian Press during Communism

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    Marsel Nilaj

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The beginning of the 50-s, found Albania separated from its closet communist ally for almost a decade, Yugoslavia. The ideological separation had now been completed in between Enver Hoxha and Marshal Tito. Hence, the Albanian communism saw Yugoslavia as the active enemy against the Albanian state. This period involved Albania even more into the popular democratic camp, where together with a lot other countries, were the satellite states of URSS. However, the Albanian state was considered as the weakest satellite of URSS, and since that time the enclave satellite. One of the most used elements to "fi ght" Yugoslavia, was creating propaganda against and the best and almost the only way to do this, was through the local press of that time. The fact of having a considerable number of local newspapers, was greatly exploited. This propaganda, instead of being used to fight Yugoslavia, was rather used to keep Albanians away from even thinking about Yugoslavia but at the same time, it was clearly visible that Albania would be doctrinal, up to naivety. Analyses of the press of the time, lead researchers to the idea that the regime of that period, was willingly entering itself into internationalism, and was trying to avoid any national or western element. Such a severe propaganda against Yugoslavia, had also an international impact, due to the positions held towards Albania.

  11. A construção dialógica do gênero discursivo propaganda

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    Andre William Alves de Assis

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available A importância da comunicação para o ser humano é inquestionável, porém obter sucesso comunicativo depende de diversos fatores, entre eles a escolha adequada de “tipos relativamente estáveis de enunciados”, chamados por Bakhtin (2003 de gêneros do discurso. Esses gêneros emanam de situações sociais imediatas e determinam a estrutura da enunciação em uma comunicação verbal concreta. Com base nos conceitos do Círculo de Bakhtin, elegemos como corpus uma propaganda da Caixa veiculada na Revista Veja. Diante desse corpus, temos por objetivo desenvolver uma análise descritiva que considere os elementos dialógicos do discurso em relação ao Tema, Estilo e Estrutura Composicional, características dos gêneros discursivos. Uma análise detalhada dessas caraterísticas dos gêneros nos possibilitou observar os elementos dialógicos presentes em nosso objeto de análise.  No decorrer de nosso percurso analítico, observamos que a relação dialógica entre a propaganda Caixa 150 anos, e os outros textos presentes na mesma revista, compõem os elos de encadeamentos com esses outros enunciados, evidenciando as características essenciais na construção da propaganda.

  12. Spanish Prints from the Peninsular War: Propaganda, Commemoration and Testimony Estampas españolas de la Guerra de la Independencia: propaganda, conmemoración y testimonio

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    José Manuel MATILLA

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Prints were a remarkable propaganda instrument during the Peninsular War. Since the mid 18th century the State had been encouraging the development of engraving and this favoured the existence of printmakers who satisfied the requirements of the market during these years. This market can be tracked thanks to the advertisements published in the periodical press. Production revolved around satire, portraits and narrative representations. As opposed to these mainly propagandistic prints, Francisco de Goya’s Disasters of War constitute a counterpoint in which the author offers a critical and personal point of view.Las estampas constituyeron un notable instrumento de propaganda durante la Guerra de la Independencia. La labor que el Estado había desarrollado desde mediados del siglo XVIII para el fomento del grabado favoreció la existencia de grabadores que satisficieron la demanda del mercado en estos años. Un mercado que es posible seguir gracias a los anuncios insertados en la prensa periódica. Sátiras, retratos y representaciones narrativas constituyen los tres ejes alrededor de los que gira esta producción. Frente a estas estampas de función eminentemente propagandística, los Desastres de la guerra de Francisco de Goya constituyen un contrapunto en el que el autor ofrece una visión crítica y personal.

  13. Dying the right-way? Interest in and perceived persuasiveness of parochial extremist propaganda increases after mortality salience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frischlich, Lena; Rieger, Diana; Hein, Maia; Bente, Gary

    2015-01-01

    Research on parochial altruism demonstrated that hostility toward out-groups (parochialism) represents the dark side of the willingness to benefit one's in-group even at own costs (altruism). Parochial aggression thereby emerged mainly under conditions of threat. Extremist propaganda videos, for instance by right-wing extremists, try to capitalize on parochial altruistic mechanism by telling recipients sharing their national identity that this nation is under threat wherefore they for have to join the extremist's cause to prevent the extinction of their nation. Most of the time, propaganda videos are rated as uninteresting and non-persuasive by the target audience. Yet, evolutionary media psychology posits that the interest in and effectiveness of media increases when evolutionarily relevant problems are addressed. Consequently, interest in parochial altruistic right-wing extremist messages should increase under conditions of threat. The current study tested this assumption by randomly assigning German non-Muslims (N = 109) to either an existential threat (here: mortality salience) or a control condition and asking them to evaluate extremist propaganda that addressed them as either in-group members (right-wing extremists) or as out-group members (Islamic extremists). In support of the hypotheses, subjects under conditions of threat reported a higher interest in the right-wing extremist propaganda and perceived it as more persuasive. We discuss the results concerning the implications for evolutionary media psychology and the transmission of parochial altruism in propaganda videos.

  14. Dying the right-way? Interest in and perceived persuasiveness of parochial extremist propaganda increases after mortality salience

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    Lena eFrischlich

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Research on parochial altruism demonstrated that hostility toward out-groups (parochialism represents the dark side of the willingness to benefit one’s in-group even at own costs (altruism. Parochial aggression thereby emerges mainly under conditions of threat. Extremist propaganda videos, for instance by right-wing extremists, try to capitalize on parochial altruistic mechanism by telling recipients sharing their national identity that this nation is under threat wherefore these recipients have to join the extremist’s cause to defend their nation. Most of the time, propaganda videos are rated as uninteresting and non-persuasive by the target audience. Evolutionary media psychology posits that the interest in and effectiveness of media increases when evolutionarily relevant problems are addressed. Consequently, interest in parochial altruistic propaganda should increase under conditions of threat. The current study tested this assumption by randomly assigning German/non-Muslims (N=109 to either an existential threat (here: mortality salience or a control condition and asking them to evaluate extremist propaganda that addressed them as either in-group members (right-wing extremists or not. In support of the hypotheses, subjects under conditions of threat reported a higher interest in the right-wing extremist propaganda and perceived it as more persuasive. We discuss the results concerning their implications.

  15. Cine, fascismo y propaganda. Una aproximación histórica al Estado Novo portugués

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    Alberto Pena-Rodríguez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La dictadura portuguesa de António de Oliveira Salazar utilizó el cine como un instrumento de propaganda eficaz para consolidar el régimen del Estado Novo durante los años treinta. El Secretariado de Propaganda Nacional y otras estructuras para el control de la comunicación pública de la época jugaron un importante papel para persuadir a la sociedad portuguesa y proyectar hacia el exterior una imagen benévola del salazarismo. Durante el período de la guerra civil española, la propaganda cinematográfica lusa intensificó su campaña contra el comunismo y a favor del fascismo ibérico.

  16. Institutions and Cultural Diversity: Effects of Democratic and Propaganda Processes on Local Convergence and Global Diversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulloa, Roberto; Kacperski, Celina; Sancho, Fernando

    2016-01-01

    In a connected world where people influence each other, what can cause a globalized monoculture, and which measures help to preserve the coexistence of cultures? Previous research has shown that factors such as homophily, population size, geography, mass media, and type of social influence play important roles. In the present paper, we investigate for the first time the impact that institutions have on cultural diversity. In our first three studies, we extend existing agent-based models and explore the effects of institutional influence and agent loyalty. We find that higher institutional influence increases cultural diversity, while individuals' loyalty to their institutions has a small, preserving effect. In three further studies, we test how bottom-up and top-down processes of institutional influence impact our model. We find that bottom-up democratic practices, such as referenda, tend to produce convergence towards homogeneity, while top-down information dissemination practices, such as propaganda, further increase diversity. In our last model—an integration of bottom-up and top-down processes into a feedback loop of information—we find that when democratic processes are rare, the effects of propaganda are amplified, i.e., more diversity emerges; however, when democratic processes are common, they are able to neutralize or reverse this propaganda effect. Importantly, our models allow for control over the full spectrum of diversity, so that a manipulation of our parameters can result in preferred levels of diversity, which will be useful for the study of other factors in the future. We discuss possible mechanisms behind our results, applications, and implications for political and social sciences. PMID:27058247

  17. A pausa que refresca... Tempo e espaço nas propagandas da Coca-Cola

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    Ana Lúcia Furquim de Campos

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available

    Com base nas reflexões de Mikhail Bakhtin (1988 sobre cronótopo e nos estudos dos semióticos, principalmente no que tange ao percurso passional do sujeito, analisamos propagandas impressas e comerciais televisivos da Coca-Cola. O objetivo principal é traçar a trajetória discursiva da Coca-Cola desde sua entrada no Brasil, em 1941, até a campanha Gostoso é viver, lançada em 2001. O discurso da Coca-Cola apresenta valores positivos como a alegria, emoção e prazer. Entretanto, são eliminados valores negativos e ocultados interditos, como: Coca-Cola é um produto norte-americano e industrializado, portanto, não é natural, engorda e vicia. Constrói-se, assim, um discurso que privilegia aspectos temáticos voltados para os estados passionais eufóricos (paixão, emoção, alegria. A Coca-Cola também reforça a idéia de que está presente em todo tempo e lugar. Assim, as categorias espaço-temporais são elementos importantes para a construção de sentido de suas propagandas. Reafirmando os mesmos valores e mantendo as categorias cronotópicas para a construção de sentido de suas propagandas, a Coca-Cola consolida a idéia de onipotência, ou seja, ela tem o "poder" de refrescar, trazer alegria, provovar emoção e satisfazer prazeres. Cria-se, assim, um estilo, isto é, uma identidade calcada em categorias divinas, tais como onipresença e onipotência.

  18. El modelo de propaganda de Noam Chomsky: medios mainstream y control del pensamiento

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Pineda Cachero

    2002-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo es ofrecer una panorámica del modelo de propaganda desarrollado por el lingüista y activista político norteamericano Noam Chomsky, con especial incidencia en el análisis realizado por Chomsky y Edward Herman en «Los guardianes de la libertad». Recorreremos el mecanismo institucional, la estructura operativa de los medios, los efectos y los presupuestos ideológicos de los que parte el modelo, destacando las aportaciones del modelo chomskyano para el estudio del func...

  19. Analisis Propaganda Amerika Serikat Terhadap Korea Utara Melalui Film The Interview

    OpenAIRE

    Monika, Jessi

    2016-01-01

    This research tried to describe the propaganda made by United States against North Korea through a movie entitled The Interview. The movie Interview. The movue despict how the communist state of North Korea is very closed and anti to foreign countries eventually want to do an interview with the president of North Korea. In the film The Interview United States producing films on large-General for the state of North Korea, where the United States and North Korea opposites in many ways, both in ...

  20. UMA ANÁLISE DAS REPRESENTAÇÕES DOS AFRODESCENDENTES NAS PROPAGANDAS DE JORNAIS PAULISTAS

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    Sibele Gomes de Santana Faria

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available A preocupação com a sub-representação do afrodescendente verificada no marketing e em outras manifestações da mídia gera reflexões sociais e acadêmicas. Esta categoria de personagens é presença invariável em papeis subalternos em peças, novelas, filmes e mensagens de propaganda. Tal evidência aponta para estigmas, estereótipos negativos e a transmissão de ideologia racista, explícita ou implícita. No entanto, a literatura, liderada pelo modelo de evolução de Clark (1969 aponta para uma mudança cronológica no tratamento dos afrodescendentes na propaganda e em outras mídias. O objetivo desta pesquisa é analisar o modelo cronológico de representações dos afrodescendentes em propagandas de mídia impressa no Brasil que identifica quatro fases: não reconhecimento, ridicularização, regulamentação e respeito. Esta perspectiva nunca foi aplicada ao caso brasileiro, o que é feito agora. O material de pesquisa é constituído da propaganda veiculada nos jornais Folha de São Paulo e Estado de São Paulo (Estadão, ambos de grande circulação durante três décadas.  Para este tipo de pesquisa as atitudes sociais, em permanente evolução em função de pressões socioeconômicas dos seus principais atores, resultam na aceitação e no respeito às minorias, o que vai se refletir na classificação cronológica proposta. A apreciação crítica dos dados segue a análise de conteúdo de Kassarjian (1976. Os resultados apontam para a inadequação parcial do modelo de Clark ao universo abordado pela pesquisa para o caso brasileiro onde persiste uma eternização do não reconhecimento dos afrodescendentes na mídia impressa.

  1. The Border Patrol and Their Migra Corridos: Propaganda, Genre Adaptation, and Mexican Immigration

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    María Herrera-Sobek

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The U.S. Border Patrol efforts to stop illegal immigration from Mexico to the United States are manifold. In recent times, the U.S. Border Patrol has begun employing so-called corridos, or Mexican ballads, as a means of covert propaganda to slow down illegal immigration. In her article, María Herrera-Sobek discusses the appropriation of the corrido genre by the U.S. Border Control and analyzes the corridos from the point of view of extra-literary adaptations.

  2. La campaña electoral, vista desde la perspectiva de la propaganda de ataque y el rumor

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    Dr. Iván Abreu Sojo

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo el autor pasa revista a algunos elementos presentes en las campañas electorales, no correspondientes a la promoción de las virtudes de los candidatos o a la oferta electoral. Se trata más bien de analizar el papel relevante que en el contexto venezolano han adquirido la propaganda de ataque, la contrapropaganda y la propaganda negra, la llamada "guerra sucia", los rumores y comentarios, esfuerzos para desacreditar al adversario.

  3. Mecanismos básicos de la propaganda de guerra en los medios informativos: El ejemplo de Kosovo

    OpenAIRE

    García Orta, María José

    2002-01-01

    Este artículo describe los mecanismos e instrumentos básicos de la propaganda que son utilizados por los medios de comunicación occidentales en tiempos de guerra, mecanismos que contribuyen a obtener la aceptación y el apoyo de la opinión pública a acciones concretas. Cada una de las estrategias básicas está ilustrada con ejemplos obtenidos del periódico El País durante el conflicto de Kosovo This article describes to the mechanisms and basic instruments of the propaganda that ...

  4. Orígenes histórico-conceptuales de la teoría de la propaganda nazi

    OpenAIRE

    Pineda, Antonio

    2007-01-01

    Este artículo trata sobre algunos factores que influyeron en la concepción nazi de la propaganda, básicamente formulada por Adolf Hitler. Tales factores son teóricos e históricos. Entre los factores teóricos o conceptuales podemos citar la psicología de las masas y la teoría clásica de la comunicación de masas. Los factores históricos son relativos a la práctica de la propaganda, ejercida por los aliados en la Primera Guerra Mundial, el movimiento socialista, el fascismo italiano y otras fuen...

  5. Propaganda Versus Genocide: The United States War Refugee Board and the Hungarian Holocaust

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    Dorottya Halász

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In 1944 the Second World War had been raging for more than four long years, with the death toll among soldiers and civilians alike climbing. European Jews constituted a special group of the victims, a fact that leaders of the Allied powers failed to acknowledge. In January 1944 a major revision of previous government policy was brought about in the United States with the establishment of the War Refugee Board in Washington, promising an American commitment to the rescue of European war refugees, including Jews. In March of the same year the situation for Jewish inhabitants in Hungary turned dire as German forces occupied the country. For lack of any other instantly applicable way to influence Hungarian developments, leaders of the new American War Refugee Board decided to launch a propaganda campaign to fight the Nazis and their accomplices. This paper will examine the motivations of American policy makers in focusing on political propaganda measures during the first phase of the Hungarian Holocaust (March–July 1944, and it will describe the logic and workings of the campaign as a means to save Hungary’s Jewry in the last full year of the Second World War.

  6. The Imperial Visual Propaganda in the Empire of Trebizond (1204-1461

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    Tatyana Bardashova

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The topic of this paper is the visual propaganda employed in the Empire of Trebizond to convey a sense of the greatness and power of the imperial dynasty of the Grand Komnenoi. The emperors of Trebizond traced their lineage directly back to the famed Komnenian dynasty and saw themselves as the only legitimate successors to Byzantium after its temporary falling-apart, in 1204, as a consequence of the Fourth Crusade. Though only very few images of the emperors of the Grand Komnenoi have been preserved (on chrysobulls, seals, coins, icons, manuscripts, the evidence provided by Medieval authors (Constantine Loukites and Bessarion as well as European travelers and scientists of the 17th-20th centuries (J. Bordier, J.P. Fallmerayer, G. Finlay, F.I. Uspenskij, A. Bryer etc. allows conclusions about the existence of propagandistic portrait images of Trebizond emperors and members of their families in the imperial palace as well as in the most important churches. On the basis of this one may suggest that visual propaganda played an equally important role in Trebizond as in Byzantium. This could be connected with the intention of the Grand Komnenoi to claim their right to the high title of Emperor which, according to the official ideology of Byzantium, only the ruler whose permanent place of residence was Constantinople could possess.

  7. Análise do conteúdo de propagandas de medicamentos psicoativos

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    Patrícia C Mastroianni

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi descrever as figuras humanas retratadas nas propagandas de medicamentos psicoativos quanto ao gênero, a idade, a etnia e o contexto social. Foi realizada análise de conteúdo de 86 impressos publicitários inéditos divulgados em Araraquara (SP no ano de 2005. A associação entre as categorias foi analisada usando o teste exato de Fisher. Houve predomínio de mulheres (62,8%, sendo quatro vezes mais freqüentes que os homens em propagandas de antidepressivos e ansiolíticos. A maioria era constituída de jovens adultos (72%, de etnia branca (98,8%. As pessoas estavam em lazer (46,5%, em suas casas (29% ou em contato com a natureza (16,2%. A mensagem transmitida foi que os medicamentos tratam sintomatologias subjetivas de desconforto do dia-a-dia, induzindo a um apelo irracional que pode refletir na prescrição medicamentosa.

  8. El modelo de propaganda de Noam Chomsky: medios mainstream y control del pensamiento

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    Antonio Pineda Cachero

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es ofrecer una panorámica del modelo de propaganda desarrollado por el lingüista y activista político norteamericano Noam Chomsky, con especial incidencia en el análisis realizado por Chomsky y Edward Herman en «Los guardianes de la libertad». Recorreremos el mecanismo institucional, la estructura operativa de los medios, los efectos y los presupuestos ideológicos de los que parte el modelo, destacando las aportaciones del modelo chomskyano para el estudio del funcionamiento propagandístico del sistema de medios de comunicación. ABSTRACT The objective of this work is to offer a panoramic of the model of propaganda developed by the North American linguist and political activist Noam Chomsky, with special incidence in the analysis made by Chomsky and Edward Herman in “Manufacturing Consent”. We will study the institutional mechanism, the operative structure of the media, the effects and the ideological beliefs from which it´s developed the model, emphasizing the contributions of the chomskyan model for the study of the propagandistic operation of the mass media system.

  9. Internal-external stimulus competition in a system of interacting moving particles: Persuasion versus propaganda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clementi, N. C.; Revelli, J. A.; Sibona, G. J.

    2015-07-01

    We propose a general nonlinear analytical framework to study the effect of an external stimulus in the internal state of a population of moving particles. This novel scheme allows us to study a broad range of excitation transport phenomena. In particular, considering social systems, it gives insight of the spatial dynamics influence in the competition between propaganda (mass media) and convincement. By extending the framework presented by Terranova et al. [Europhys. Lett. 105, 30007 (2014), 10.1209/0295-5075/105/30007], we now allow changes in individual's opinions due to a reflection induced by mass media. The equations of the model could be solved numerically, and, for some special cases, it is possible to derive analytical solutions for the steady states. We implement computational simulations for different social and dynamical systems to check the accuracy of our scheme and to study a broader variety of scenarios. In particular, we compare the numerical outcome with the analytical results for two possible real cases, finding a good agreement. From the results, we observe that mass media dominates the opinion state in slow dynamics communities; whereas, for higher agent active speeds, the rate of interactions increases and the opinion state is determined by a competition between propaganda and persuasion. This difference suggests that kinetics can not be neglected in the study of transport of any excitation over a particle system.

  10. As "propagandas do horror" e os fenômenos de massa contemporâneos

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    Ana Paula Avila Gomide

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teórico discute os fundamentos ligados a certas disposições psíquicas que subjazem aos fenômenos de massa contemporâneos, a partir da relação estabelecida entre o conto "Os Anões" e as propagandas antifumo, as denominadas "propagandas do terror", as quais são transmitidas por imagens que mostram o processo de definhamento e de decomposição do fumante. OS referenciais teóricos adotados são Theodor Adorno, Max Horkheimer e SigmundFreud. Pressupõe-se que, para a análise tanto do subtexto das mensagens quanto do conto, a tese sobre a história subterrânea do esclarecimento voltada à dominação do corpo e da natureza, e mais do "retorno do recalcado", lança luz sobre os elementos investigados.

  11. A Qualitative Content Analysis for the Presence of Propaganda in Select Juvenile Whitman Books Published during World War II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riesterer, Becky A.

    2017-01-01

    Scholars have determined popular literature often contains propaganda imperatives (Berelson, 1952; Budd, 1967; Davis, 1942). Given the persuasive impact children's literature has upon the reader, children's literature containing propagandistic intent is a powerful force (Desai, 2014). This is especially true during times of war. Several studies…

  12. Lugares e memórias na propaganda nacional-socialista do Blumenauer Volkskalender (1933-1938

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    Grützmann, Imgart

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa alguns tipos de lugares, suas memórias e representações presentes na propaganda nacional-socialista do Blumenauer Volkslender, almanaque em língua alemã editado em Blumenau/SC, no período de 1933 a 1938

  13. Estratégias de regulamentação da medicação: o caso da propaganda de aspirina

    OpenAIRE

    Moura, Morgana Moreira

    2014-01-01

    No cenário da automedicação, a propaganda de medicamentos possui papel significativo. Assim, nessa pesquisa, buscamos entender as estratégias de regulamentação dos medicamentos de venda livre, voltando-se mais especificamente às regulações das propagandas endereçadas ao público em geral. Para isso, tem como estudo de caso as propagandas de aspirina, do laboratório Bayer. Tendo por bases ontológicas, epistemológicas e metodológicas as vertentes pós-construcionistas, o trabalho f...

  14. Vender imagen: la propaganda estadounidense en Irán entre 1950 y 1953

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    Alejandro Crespo Jusdado

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Un vistazo a la campaña de propaganda de los Estados Unidos en Irán a principios de los años Cincuenta, durante el gobierno del Dr. Mossadeq, y en el contexto global de la Guerra Fría. Sus objetivos, medios y logros, a través del análisis de una serie de documentos. Por medio del Departamento de Estado y utilizando los recursos de las Embajadas en los respectivos países, se diseñaron una serie de medidas con el objetivo de “vender” la imagen de los Estados Unidos y de la democracia occidental, para crear en el subconsciente de los habitantes de los países árabes una impresión positiva de Occidente y del american way of life. A su vez, se mostraría la “falacia” de la doctrina comunista y los efectos desastrosos que tendría para las respectivas naciones y sus vecinos el hecho de que la URSS lograse obtener una influencia importante en la zona. En el fondo se trataba del principio básico de la publicidad: conseguir que el público compre tu producto por delante del de la competencia.____________________ABSTRACT:This article treats about the propaganda campaign of the United States in Iran in the early fifties, during the government of Dr. Mossadeq and in the Cold War context: i.e. its objectives, means and achievements, through the analysis of a series of documents. Through the Department of State and using the resources of the Embassies in the respective countries, it has been designed a series of measures to "sell" the image of the United States and Western democracy, in order to create in the subconscious of the inhabitants of the Arab countries a positive impression of the West and the American way of life. Meanwhile, this propaganda showed the "fallacy" of the communist doctrine and the disastrous effects that USSR achieved a major influence in the area would have for the respective nations and their neighbors. Basically it was the basic principle of advertising: to get the public to buy your product before the one of the

  15. Os grupos de referência online como alvo da propaganda

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    Francisco Leite

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available A proposta deste trabalho é apresentar uma reflexão sobre a transmutação, a formação e os efeitos das interações dos grupos de referência na internet, considerando esse lugar estruturado pelas novas tecnologias digitais da informação e comunicação como um “contínuo atmosférico”, isto é, uma extensão do campo presencial. Buscar-se-á também observar como a propaganda está se articulando nestes novos cenários de interações sociais para ampliar suas ações estratégicas e efeitos de sentido.

  16. ANGER IS A GIFT: propaganda, performance e documentário nos Rage Against The Machine

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    Luís Nogueira

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available About 20 years ago, and during the 1990s, Rage Against the Machinedid not change the world, but endeavored to cause small aesthetic (at the level of musicmakingand ethical quakes (at the level of civic intervention. The visual production that accompanied their music had become equally bold and unusual: videoclips based on foundfootage and live performances, concert films that sought to capture the visceral energy of live performance and a strong propaganda permeating both music and the images that accompany, seem to us aspects of note and worthy of reflection. This article is concernedwith the intersection between documentary and music never seen before in the entertainment industry and culture in contemporary music.

  17. A Linguagem das Propagandas Sustentáveis: Comunicação Aliada a Mercadologia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thel Augusto Monteiro

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available 0 0 1 128 754 Particular 13 3 879 14.0 Normal 0 false false false PT-BR JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} As empresas buscam vantagem competitiva, essencialmente, ao desenvolver determinados elementos da mercadologia, entre eles o produto, preço, praça e a promoção. No entanto, observa-se que na tentativa de cativar um determinado público-alvo, a promoção passa a ganhar maior espaço na estratégia empresarial. Elementos como a comunicação, sua linguagem, o desenvolvimento do texto publicitário e a utilização de apelos de sustentabilidade, ganham força no planejamento, desenvolvimento e criação de peças publicitárias. Este artigo utiliza um rico referencial teórico que resgata conceitos e abordagens específicas a linguagem das propagandas sustentáveis, e a utilização da comunicação junto as estratégias de marketing. Com esse estudo, busca-se apresentar as organizações e a academia os elementos chave que podem compor um linguagem especifica do desenvolvimento de propagandas.

  18. L'aquila e il littorio: direttive, strutture e strumenti della propaganda fascista negli Stati Uniti d'America (1922-1941)

    OpenAIRE

    Di Legge, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    L’oggetto di questa ricerca è la propaganda fascista negli Stati Uniti nel periodo compreso tra la marcia su Roma e l’ingresso dell’America nella seconda guerra mondiale. In particolare, questo lavoro intende delineare gli orientamenti, i temi, le strutture e gli strumenti di propaganda utilizzati dal regime fascista per migliorare la propria immagine presso il pubblico americano e per sviluppare un senso di rinnovato orgoglio nazionale in seno alle numerose comunità italo-americane, al fine ...

  19. Propagande et « contre-propagande » en Irlande pendant la Première Guerre mondiale Propaganda and « Counter-propaganda » in Ireland during World War I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jérôme aan de Wiel

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The First World War caused a major propaganda battle in Ireland between, on the one hand, the constitutional Nationalist Party, led by John Redmond, and the British authorities who were both in favour of the war and voluntary recruitment, and on the other hand, Sinn Féin, opposition nationalists and also a few Catholic clergymen who were against the British war effort in the country, deeming that the home rule crisis had not been dealt with in a satisfactory way. This article aims at shedding light on the confrontation between the two sides. It seems that the British authorities were rather disorganised in their various propaganda campaigns, while Sinn Fein pursued an energetic and sometimes vitriolic anti-war campaign. One of the themes used by the latter was France’s pre-war anti-clerical policy. This article will consider the extent to which propaganda and “counter-propaganda” influenced voluntary recruitment in Ireland where conscription was not imposed.

  20. Propaganda de álcool e associação ao consumo de cerveja por adolescentes Propaganda de alcohol y asociación al consumo de cerveza por adolescentes Association between alcohol advertising and beer drinking among adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Faria

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a associação entre propaganda de álcool e o consumo de cerveja por adolescentes. MÉTODOS: Foram entrevistados 1.115 estudantes de 7º e 8º anos de três escolas públicas de São Bernardo do Campo, SP, em 2006. As variáveis independentes foram: atenção prestada às propagandas de álcool, crença na veracidade das propagandas, resposta afetiva às propagandas, uso prévio de cigarro, entre outras. A variável dependente foi consumo de cerveja nos últimos 30 dias. Análises de regressões logísticas univariada e múltipla foram realizadas. Idade, importância dada à religião e ter banheiro em casa foram utilizadas como controle. RESULTADOS: O consumo de cerveja nos últimos 30 dias esteve associado ao uso de cigarro (OR = 4,551, ter uma marca preferida de bebida alcoólica (OR = 5,150, não ser monitorado pelos pais (OR = 2,139, achar que as festas que freqüentam parecem-se com as de comerciais (OR = 1,712, prestar muita atenção aos comerciais (OR = 1,563 e acreditar que os comerciais falam a verdade (OR = 2,122. Essa associação manteve-se mesmo na presença de outras variáveis associadas ao seu consumo. CONCLUSÕES: As propagandas de bebidas alcoólicas associam-se positivamente ao consumo recente de cerveja, por remetem os adolescentes à própria realidade ou por fazê-los acreditar em sua veracidade. Limitar a veiculação de propagandas de bebidas alcoólicas pode ser um dos caminhos para a prevenção do uso e abuso de álcool por adolescentes.OBJETIVO: Analizar la asociación entre propaganda de alcohol y el consumo de cerveza por adolescentes. MÉTODOS: Se entrevistaron 1.115 estudiantes de 6ª y 7ª series de tres escuelas públicas de Sao Bernardo do Campo, Sureste de Brasil, en 2006. Las variables independientes fueron: atención prestada a las propagandas de alcohol, creencia en la veracidad de las propagandas, respuesta afectiva a las propagandas, uso previo de cigarro, entre otras. La variable

  1. Nationalism, racism and propaganda in early Weimar Germany: contradictions in the campaign against the "black horror on the Rhine".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roos, Julia

    2012-01-01

    During the early 1920s, an average of 25,000 colonial soldiers from North Africa, Senegal and Madagascar formed part of the French army of occupation in the Rhineland. The campaign against these troops, which used the racist epithet ‘black horror on the Rhine’ (schwarze Schmach am Rhein), was one of the most important propaganda efforts of the Weimar period. In black horror propaganda, images of alleged sexual violence against Rhenish women and children by African French soldiers served as metaphors for Germany’s ‘victimization’ through the Versailles Treaty. Because the campaign initially gained broad popular and official support, historians have tended to consider the black horror a successful nationalist movement bridging political divides and strengthening the German nation state. In contrast, this essay points to some of the contradictions within the campaign, which often crystallized around conflicts over the nature of effective propaganda. Extreme racist claims about the Rhineland’s alleged ‘mulattoization’ (Mulattisierung) increasingly alienated Rhinelanders and threatened to exacerbate traditional tensions between the predominantly Catholic Rhineland and the central state at a time when Germany’s western borders seemed rather precarious in the light of recent territorial losses and separatist agitation. There was a growing concern that radical strands within the black horror movement were detrimental to the cohesion of the German nation state and to Germany’s positive image abroad, and this was a major reason behind the campaign’s decline after 1921/22. The conflicts within the campaign also point to some hitherto neglected affinities between the black horror and subsequent Nazi propaganda.

  2. Popular health education and propaganda in times of peace and war in Mexico city, 1890s-1920s.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agostoni, Claudia

    2006-01-01

    Health education and propaganda acquired importance during the late 19th and early 20th centuries in Mexico City, as physicians, hygienists, and schoolteachers attempted to teach the principles of public health to a culturally and socially heterogeneous urban population.I explore the organization of the Popular Hygiene Exhibition of 1910 and the importance of health education before and after the armed phase of the Mexican Revolution, and why children and the indigenous populations became the main recipients of health education programs.

  3. Monitoração de propaganda e publicidade de medicamentos: âmbito de São Paulo Monitoring the medicine advertising in Sao Paulo

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    André Ducati Luchessi

    2005-09-01

    úde. Tais resultados serão importantes para o aperfeiçoamento das medidas regulatórias e a implementação de políticas de educação e conscientização referentes à publicidade de medicamentos. Os dados obtidos igualmente evidenciam a importância do monitoramento desse tipo diferenciado de publicidade a fim de garantir informações reais aos consumidores, cuja saúde pode ser posta em risco em conseqüência de propaganda enganosa.World Health Organization (WHO has the goal of politically controlling the access, quality/safety and rational use of medicines. The later is concerned with the important matter of the incorrect use of medicines due to advertising campaigns whose single objective is profit. This work shows the results of a project carried out with the intention of following and critically analyzing, under the legal and pharmacological points of view, the information issued by different media, thus helping ANVISA monitoring either under strict medical control or over the counter medicine advertisings. It also gives support to the restrictive measures related to the sanitary safety of products, services and, most of all, of the population. The project included five Brazilian regions, under the responsibility of fifteen universities. The advertising material was collected for 12 months: 5.1% were from medical offices, public hospitals and congresses, 15.8% from newspapers and magazines, 8.9% from radio stations, and 20.2% from television. The analysis was carried out according to RDC n. 102, published in December 1st, 2000, and to other sanitary regulation and those based on scientific bibliography as well. This study showed that from over the counter medicine advertised 3.6% have not been registered by ANVISA (4th Article, item I, and also that 17.5% of the advertisings have not informed about their main side effects (Article 3, item I. It has also been stated that the analyzed material stimulated and/or induced the indiscriminate use of medicines whose

  4. A publicity e a publicidade (para além da propaganda

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    Cassiano Ferreira Simões

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Os termos publicidade e propaganda têm sofrido, em anos recentes, de um agravamento na forma indistinta com que são utilizados. Tal fato pode ser analisado dos pontos de vista lingüístico e histórico. Do ponto de vista lingüístico, é perceptível na língua inglesa a presença de três noções que precisam ser ajustadas às duas disponíveis nas línguas latinas em geral. Do ponto de vista histórico, é possível depreender, com base em uma aproximação com as idéias de Jürgen Habermas, que tanto a publicidade de “tornar públicas ações de esfera pública” quanto a de “anunciar transações comerciais” são criações burguesas comprometidas com o racionalismo e com a modernidade, sobrevindas da noção de público e, portanto, características de seu desenvolvimento socioeconômico baseado nas liberdades individuais e no mercado. Palavras-chave: Publicidade; esfera pública; mercado. ABSTRACT The terms publicidade and propaganda have increasingly been used indistinctively in Brazil in recent years. Such fact can be analyzed from linguistic and historical points of view. From the linguistic point of view, the presence of a third concept in the English language usually needs to be adjusted to the two available ones in Latin languages. From the historical point of view, it is possible to infer over a Jürgen Habermas analysis, that both meanings of publicidade – “to make public the actions within thepublic sphere” and “to advertise commercial transactions” – are bourgeois creations implied to rationalism and modernity, in-herited from the notion of “public”. Therefore, it is characteristics of its social-economic development based on individual freedoms and market orientation. Keywords: Publicity; public sphere; market.

  5. Cihan-ı Islam: A Journal Published as Propaganda During the First World War

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    Mehmet ÇANLI

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The Cihan-Islam Journal which started its publication life as part of Cemiyet-i Hayriye-i İslamiye (Hayriye-i İslamiye Community was published for propaganda reasons in the pre-First World War period. The Teşkilat-ı Mahsusa which was the intelligence organization of the Ottoman Empire financially supported and directed this journal and was also under the audition of the Ittihadists. The aim of publishing this journal was to raise awareness of the Muslim public living in India, Egypt and Iran which was under the occupation of the British Empire and to prevent the propaganda made against the Ottoman Empire by the British. The owner of this journal was Ebu Saidü’lArabi who was a leading figure among the Indian Muslims and an important person of the Teşkilat- Mahsusa. The journal was published in Istanbul from 9 April 1914 to October 1915. It continued to be published in Bağdat after this peroid. In this study the copies of the journal published in Istanbul have been examined and evaluated. The journal was published once a week starting in April, but as World War 1 broke out it was not published regularly. Only twenty-five copies could be obtained from the archives and libraries in Türkiye. The 25 copies of this journal was examined and evaluated in form and content. The headings of the news and arcticles in the journals have been given in the footnotes and the statistical quantity and evaluation of some of the news and articles have also been done. As a result of the changing policies in the course of the war, the founder and owner of the journal Ebu Said and The Teşkilat-Mahsusa or some Ittihadists had some conflicts of ideas. For this reason, the journal was attempted to be taken out of the hands of Ebu Said but this attempt failed. The journal began to be published in Bağdat starting from January 1916 because of these conflicts. The Uhuvvet Newspaper was published in Istanbul dating from November 1915 to function as this journal.

  6. La propagande anti-britannique en France pendant l’Occupation Anti-British Propaganda in France during the Occupation

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    Françoise Passera

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Left to fight alone after France signed the armistice on the 22nd of June 1940, Great Britain became enemy number one in the eyes of the German occupying forces and the Vichy government. This hostility found expression in a considerable quantity of propaganda in the guise of posters, tracts, booklets and brochures meant to denounce British responsibility for the conflict in the eyes of French public opinion. Propaganda was particularly intense from June to December 1940 and from January to June 1944 but the German and French propaganda services waged this psychological warfare against Great Britain throughout the war. In 1940, the anti-British brainwashing campaigns aimed at ridding the defeated French of their guilt by accusing the ex-ally of being the cause of the conflict and of deceit during the Battle of France. In 1941-1942, the Allies’ military setbacks were the subject of tracts and brochures that ridiculed British strategic skills. Propaganda was also based on the painful history of France and Great Britain so as to convince the French that England had always tried to deprive France of her colonies and that it was what she was trying to do by maintaining her presence in Africa. The major part of this propaganda was promoted by the German authorities, only to a lesser degree by the French collaboration parties. Till 1942, the Information Secretariat of the Vichy government distributed few anti-British tracts, concentrating its efforts on the promotion of the National Revolution. On the other hand, the first Anglo-American bombings in the Paris area provoked strong reactions in the Vichy government which then relied on the French population’s confusion and anxiety to denounce British policy. What was the impact of these anti-British speeches on the French population? The prefects’ reports on public opinion show that the plugging of Anglophobic sentiment had little influence on the French who were globally in complete support of the

  7. Propaganda e crítica social nas cronologias dos almanaques astrológicos durante a Guerra Civil inglesa no século XVII Propaganda and social criticism in the chronologies of the astrological almanacs during the English Civil War in 17 th century

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Juliana Mesquita Hidalgo Ferreira

    2007-01-01

    ... almanaques.This article is part of an extensive investigation carried out concerning the use of astrological almanacs during the English Civil War in the 17th century as a medium for propaganda and social criticism...

  8. Media and Propaganda: The Northcliffe Press and the Corpse Factory Story of World War I

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    Randal Marlin

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Demonization of Germans was an early feature of British propaganda in World War I, with numerous atrocities reported in the Bryce Report, 1915. But in April, 1917, a particularly gripping, gruesome, and odium-inducing tale was given credence by the press of Lord Northcliffe, notably The Times and The Daily Mail.These papers seemed to provide convincing proof that the Germans boiled down corpses of their own soldiers for the purpose of producing useful products such as fats, bone meal, pig food and the like. The story is well known, but significant details have been obscured or misrepresented with regard to the way in which it came to be so widely believed. Our purpose here is to straighten out key elements of the record, based on archival findings, and to draw attention to the techniques employed to ensure widespread credence in this false tale. These techniques, and the principles behind their use, have recent and contemporary parallels, some of which are drawn in this paper. The Corpse Factory story succeeded in its goal, but may have made a lasting peace more difficult. Also, official repudiation of the story in 1925 encouraged later disbelief when early reports circulated about the Holocaust under Hitler, thus contributing to the early lack of response by nations asked to accept Jewish refugees.

  9. La propaganda alemana en España : 1942-1944

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    Ingrid Schulze Schneider

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available A estas alturas no es ningún secreto que la Embajada alemana de Madrid desempeñó a lo largo de la Segunda Guerra Mundial una ardua labor de propaganda en suelo español. Un equipo formidable se dedicó incansablemente a promover los intereses germanos contando para ello con la aprobación oficial o tácita de gran parte de las autoridades franquistas. Aunque la mayoría de las ya numerosas publicaciones sobre las relaciones germano-españolas durante el conflicto bélico, dedican algunas páginas a este hecho ', apenas han puesto de relieve el enorme alcance de la implicación de organismos y particulares hispanos en la acción, que actuaron, o bien movidos por móviles patrióticos, pensando que los intereses alemanes eran idénticos a los españoles, o por causas económicas, beneficiándose de la generosidad de los fondos que la Embajada germana dedicaba a tales fines.

  10. FILTERED VIOLENCE: PROPAGANDA MODEL AND POLITICAL ECONOMY OF THE INDIAN FILM INDUSTRY

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    Azmat Rasul

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Production, distribution, and consumption of cinematic violence raises several questions of academic import. Despite a plethora of research studies exploring the nature of screen violence and its effects on viewers, a serious debate on the influence of state machinery on the production of sanitized violence in movies is still wanting. Likewise, Bollywood’s role in advancing the Indian government’s agenda in war and peace times has been paid petite attention in academic discourses dealing with media-state interconnection. This article explores the relevance of Herman and Chomsky’s propaganda model as a framework for analysis and analyzes Bollywood’s movies based on stories of violence in war and peace times. The article discusses the connections with the Indian state apparatus that influences production processes in the Indian film industry by providing financial assistance and applying multifarious political, social, economic, and ideological pressures (filters. The findings suggest that the Bollywood movies support diplomatic initiatives of the Indian government through cinematic narratives of sanitized violence.

  11. Lenguaje e identidad colectiva en Buñuel. Propaganda en el filme «España 1936» Language and Collective Identity in Buñuel. Propaganda in the Film «España 1936»

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    Francisco Javier Ruiz del Olmo

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available En la memoria colectiva de los europeos, la Guerra Civil española ocupa un lugar destacado. El lenguaje cinematográfico y la representación fílmica de esa contienda forman un ámbito relevante en el que estudiar algunos rasgos de la matriz cultural europea. El presente trabajo selecciona parte de la producción fílmica de propaganda del gobierno republicano, en concreto los filmes de montaje supervisados por Luis Buñuel. Al inicio de la contienda el cineasta aragonés vuelve a París siguiendo las indicaciones del Ministerio español de Asuntos Exteriores para colaborar, en la embajada española en la capital francesa, en diversas labores de contraespionaje y propaganda. Entre ellas y principalmente, Buñuel se ocupa de reunir, organizar y montar diverso material fílmico prorrepublicano. A diferencia de otras producciones proyectadas en España, los filmes parisinos de propaganda republicana se caracterizaron, en términos generales, por estar dirigidas a públicos de distintos países europeos con el objetivo de romper la doctrina de no intervención en el conflicto y se inscriben dentro de las teorías y concepción de Buñuel sobre el documentalismo filmado, donde primaba lo reflexivo y los recursos psicológicos que motivaran a la acción o a la toma de conciencia individual. El presente texto se ocupa, en ese contexto, de la descripción y el análisis del lenguaje y las prácticas fílmicas en esos años. De todas ellas, el filme «España, 1936» (1937, es a la vez un ejemplo emblemático y singular.The Spanish Civil War occupies an important place in the European collective memory. The film language and depiction of that conflict provide an important platform from which to study certain features of the European cultural matrix. This paper examines propaganda films produced by the Republican government, especially those films produced under the supervision of Luis Buñuel, the Spanish surrealist filmmaker. At the start of the war

  12. Análise da adequação das propagandas de medicamentos dirigidas à categoria médica distribuídas no Sul do Brasil Adequacy of drug advertisements distributed to prescribers in Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Dal Pizzol

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available A análise da qualidade da publicidade dirigida à categoria médica foi feita com base na coleta de materiais publicitários distribuídos em consultórios médicos e hospitais no Sul do Brasil. Foram coletadas 127 peças publicitárias, nas quais se observou o cumprimento ou não das leis que regulamentam a propaganda de medicamentos no Brasil e os argumentos mais prevalentes de cada propaganda. A Denominação Comum Brasileira aparece em 121 propagandas (95%, sempre em segundo plano, com tamanho de letras menor. Nenhuma das peças publicitárias analisadas cumpre na íntegra as exigências da legislação. Considerando os Critérios Éticos para Promoção de Medicamentos da OMS, apenas 59% apresentam a composição do produto, e 43% apresentam precauções; em 73%, o tamanho das letras e o espaçamento entre frases é pequeno, dificultando sua leitura. Apenas 73% das propagandas apresentam a posologia. Os argumentos mais utilizados nesta amostra são: eficácia, segurança, comodidade posológica, rapidez de ação, alta tolerabilidade. A inobservância da legislação em vigor, a ausência de precauções e excesso de argumentos, levam à conclusão de que há a necessidade de instrumentos efetivos de controle visando a uma melhor qualidade nas informações distribuídas aos prescritores.Drug advertisements for prescription drugs gathered from private clinics and hospitals in southern Brazil were analyzed. None of the 127 advertisement inserts that were analyzed complied with all the criteria specified by Brazilian legislation. The official Brazilian generic drug name was present in 95% of the advertisements, but always in finer and/or fainter print. With regard to the "WHO ethical criteria for medicinal drug promotion" the study showed that only 59% of the advertisement inserts declared the product composition and only 43% provided information on precautions, and in most of these cases (73%, the precautions were in fine print and

  13. Análise Crítica do Discurso na Propaganda de Lançamento do Citroën C3 Picasso

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    Edson Roberto Scharf

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar o tipo de propaganda veiculada no lançamento de novos produtos do setor automobilístico no Brasil. A campanha publicitária ‘Citroën C3 Picasso. A vida elevada ao cubo’ foi a plataforma de estudo. A análise crítica de discurso segundo os preceitos de Fairclough (1995 foi adotada como método. As peças publicitárias evidenciaram que a linguagem da propaganda no lançamento de produtos no setor automobilístico é de teor emocional. Os resultados obtidos confirmaram o uso da propaganda transformativa como protagonista da campanha publicitária de lançamento de determinado automóvel no Brasil. DOI: 10.5585/remark.v13i3.2525

  14. Internet y la propaganda. El nacimiento de la red como medio propagandístico durante "la guerra del fletán" (1995

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    Dra. Emma Torres Romay

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El empleo de Internet para la difusión de la propaganda es una realidad hoy en día, aspecto que confirma las infinitas posibilidades de este nuevo medio o canal de comunicación. Las posibilidades propagandísticas de la Red fueron ya explotadas por la Embajada de España en Canadá durante el conflicto pesquero conocido como la "Guerra del Fletán". Se creó una página web para defender la postura española frente a las críticas de los medios de comunicación canadienses y en ella se aplicaron los mecanismos clásicos de una estrategia de propaganda. Exponemos por lo tanto un caso real en que se pusieron las bases para la nueva propaganda, pero nueva en cuanto a medios, no en contenidos.

  15. Propagandas de alimentos e bebidas na TV: percepção de crianças e mães

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander Marcellus Carregosa da Silva Pitas

    2010-01-01

    Introdução - O hábito alimentar da criança é construído a partir de influências socioculturais; sendo que a mídia atinge um grande número de telespectadores. A TV possui influência sobre as crianças e diversas propagandas são direcionadas para elas, motivo pelo qual é importante investigar este grupo para entender como o público infantil percebe a propaganda de alimentos e bebidas. Objetivo - Investigar a percepção de crianças e mães sobre a propaganda de alimentos e bebidas veiculadas pela T...

  16. SINTONÍA DE COMBATE. La propaganda del Rádio Club Português en la Guerra Civil española (1936-1939

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    Alberto Pena-Rodríguez

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the role played by the Portuguese radio station Rádio Club Português (RCP as a propaganda tool in the Spanish Civil War, in which Portugal supported the coup d’état against the Second Republic. The study has three fundamental objectives: to analyze the contents of the radio station’s broadcasts, to investigate its propaganda strategy, and to evaluate its impact on public opinion in Spain. With this objective, qualitative techniques and diverse historical sources were used, the analysis of which made it possible to conclude that the RCP planned an effective propaganda campaign against the Spanish democratic government that had great influence in the course of the armed conflict. The RCP increased the potency of its broadcasts, hired pro-Franco Spanish newscasters, and transmitted program contents favorable to the rebels throughout the course of the war.

  17. A ascensão da classe C e sua influência na mudança das propagandas de produtos de beleza femininos

    OpenAIRE

    Ramos, Ludma Lillyan Vieira

    2014-01-01

    O presente trabalho tem como objetivo analisar como as mudanças sociais, políticas e econômicas influenciaram as mudanças nas propagandas de produtos de beleza feminina entre as décadas de 90 e 2000. Dessa forma, o trabalho discutirá sobre a sociedade atual e a noção de consumo, visando observar como as empresas utilizam as propagandas para aumentar as vendas e o consumo na população. A análise de propagandas propiciará um exame de quais as principais mudanças que ocorreram em relação à belez...

  18. Antijesuitismo en Montevideo a comienzos del siglo XX: los folletos de la Asociación de Propaganda Liberal (1900-1905 = Antijesuitismo em Montevidéu no início do século XX: os folhetos da Associação de Propaganda Liberal (1900-1905 = Antijesuitism in Montevideo at the beginning of the 20th century: brochures published by the Association of Liberal Propaganda (1900-1905

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monreal, Susana

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available No início do século XX, uma nova secularização ocorreu no Uruguai. Os jesuítas representaram um apoio real para a Igreja e um adversário digno para os centros anticlericais. A Associação de Propaganda Liberal ganhou destaque como um centro de propaganda dedicada à publicação de folhetos. A primeira série foi publicada entre 1900 e 1905, e incluiu uma campanha antijesuítica que colocou destaque em três estereótipos: o maquiavelismo, o mercantilismo e o despotismo

  19. La campaña de propaganda de los Estados hispanoamericanos en Europa (1810-1830

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    Daniel Gutiérrez Ardila

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La diplomacia hispanoamericana es tan antigua como la revolución misma. Ello quiere decir que surgió exactamente en 1810, al mismo tiempo que las juntas de gobierno que proliferaron entonces a lo largo y ancho del continente. No obstante, el nacimiento de la diplomacia de los Estados revolucionarios de la América española conoció dos fases: La primera coincide con el cautiverio de Fernando VII en Valençay y está caracterizada por una expli cable prudencia. La segunda se desarrolló a partir de 1814 en el contexto de la derrota de Napoleón que instauró un período de paz en Europa muy poco favorable a las gestiones de los agentes revolucionarios hispanoamericanos. La historia del nacimiento de la diplomacia hispanoamericana no puede prescindir del estudio de la propaganda que los primeros agentes concibieron y publicaron en Europa con el fin de facilitar el reconocimiento de sus resp ectivas repúblicas. En este artículo se muestra cuáles fueron los lineamientos de aquella intensa campaña y cuáles los medios empleados por los plenipotenciarios americanos para triunfar en la “guerra de papeles” que los oponía a los ministros de Fernando VII y a los sectores conservadores de las capitales de Francia e I nglaterra. Su objetivo es trazar los lineamientos de la “diplomacia del reconocimiento” mediante el análisis de las acciones emprendidas por los agentes oficiales y oficiosos de los revolucionarios hispanoamericanos en Londres y París.

  20. Hybrid War or Civil War? The Interplay of Some Methods of Russian Foreign Policy Propaganda with International Law

    OpenAIRE

    Zadorozhnii, Oleksandr

    2016-01-01

    This article discusses the attempts of Russian officials to hide the elephant in the room – Russia’s military participation in a war that Russia falsely portrays as civil war in eastern Ukraine. Unlike Russia’s propaganda, it relies on the facts of Russia’s involvement in Ukraine, facts that show that Russian troops participated in the fighting in Donbas even though this has been adamantly denied by the highest ranking Russian officials. The author concludes that international law requires Ru...

  1. Evaluación postelectoral de la propaganda electoral televisada venezolana de las campañas de 1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Iván Abreu Sojo

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available La investigación, precedida de un breve marco histórico, se enfoca en los resultados de una evaluación de 87 cuñas de televisión de la pasada campaña electoral, efectuada por estudiantes de la Universidad Central de Venezuela y de la Universidad Católica Andrés Bello, quienes las observaron y emitieron su opinión medida en una escala del 1 al 9, sobre diez variables y luego opinaron libremente sobre ellas. Se concluye en que el nivel de la propaganda en televisión fue pobre.

  2. ČASNIŠKA PROPAGANDA VELIKE VOJNE S POUDARKOM NA SOŠKEM BOJIŠČU

    OpenAIRE

    Pipan, Aleš

    2016-01-01

    V diplomskem delu je predstavljena Slovencem namenjena propaganda iz obdobja prve svetovne vojne, ki se je pojavljala v časnikih Slovenec, Slovenski narod, Ilustrirani glasnik in Tedenske slike. Njihova vsebina je bila statistično analizirana glede na poreklo člankov, zamik pri objavi ter prisotnost cenzure, s čimer so bile ugotovljene osnovne propagandne značilnosti slovenskih pisnih medijev v obdobju soške fronte. Podrobneje so predstavljene posamezne propagandne teme in motivi, ki so bili ...

  3. Atos indiretos advindos de quebra de máximas em propagandas de remédios: um recurso semântico-discursivo

    OpenAIRE

    Barbosa, Maria Vanice Lacerda de Melo

    2010-01-01

    Esta dissertação apresenta resultados da pesquisa que teve como objetivo geral investigar a(s) função(ões) semântico-discursiva(s) da quebra das máximas conversacionais gerando atos indiretos, em textos de propagandas de remédios. A hipótese que norteou a pesquisa é de que as máximas conversacionais, em textos de propagandas de remédios, são quebradas gerando atos indiretos que, por sua vez, podem funcionar como estratégias para vender o produto. Através das análises, constatam...

  4. Principios de la actividad electoral en la era digital : una aproximación al control administrativo colombiano de la propaganda electoral en Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Tovar Niño, Tsetian

    2016-01-01

    El desarrollo tecnológico y la expansión de las formas de comunicación en Colombia, no solo trajeron consigo grandes beneficios, sino también nuevos retos para el Estado Moderno. Actualmente, la oferta de espacios de difusión de propaganda electoral ha aumentado, mientras persiste un marco legal diseñado para los medios de comunicación del Siglo XX. Por tanto, este trabajo no solo realiza un diagnóstico de los actuales mecanismos de control administrativo sobre la propaganda electoral en Inte...

  5. Propaganda and alternative countermeasures for road safety. Lecture, Brussels, January 1969 for Fondation d'Étude en Recherche.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Griep, D.J.

    1969-01-01

    1. Knowledge of the psychology of driving behaviour is incomplete and does not in fact deserve the name if it is to be limited to conditions existing ''inside'' the driver. 2. Compared to other opportunities for influencing driving behaviour, in particular those involving ''external'' circumstances,

  6. Between Manipulation, Propaganda and Education – the Activity of the Romanian Journals for Children during the Communist Regime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Tagsorean

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The Communist regime installed in Romania with the support of the Soviet army set out on a large-scale propaganda mission to implement the new ideology, backed up by new legislation. Children were one of the targeted age groups, and the strategies of indoctrination adopted confirmed that the Soviets had advanced knowledge concerning the stages of children’s cognitive development. Some of the most effective instruments in creating the «new man» were the periodicals dedicated to children, which were actually press organs of the Romanian Communist Party. However, this detail was ignored by most parents, and thought irrelevant to the children’s universe. A number of other factors secured the success of this means of propaganda: the trust and appreciation of these publications among children, an excellent distribution network, low acquisition cost, the limited number of books available, and reduced access to the same. In an era dominated by austerity in terms of communication and forms of entertainment, children’s periodicals represented an escape from the poverty and banality of everyday life.

  7. PROPAGANDA POLITIK PARTAI GERINDRA DALAM GAME MAS GARUDA PADA PEMILU 2014 (Analisis Deskriptif Game Online Mas Garuda

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    Angga Satrya Putra

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine how the meaning of the look and content of the online game “Garuda Mas”. This game contains aspects of politically charged designations so that it can become a propaganda technique. The subject of this study is the game “Garuda Mas” which has been input on social media Facebook.Methods of data collection using documentary and literature. Data analysis using descriptive techniques. Data validity checking techniques using triangulation source.The results showed that the game “MAS GARUDA” can form the perspective of the players against Mas Garuda as a superhero figure hopes the Indonesian people who are able to overcome all the problems that exist in Indonesia. This game is a form of creative campaigns using propaganda techniques inserted in the game that has the power to change the mindset of every player. Change of mindset occurs because the player did not have an opportunity to think critically on aspects marking contained in the game. By indirectly the players will feel the emotional of this game and assume characterizations “Garuda Mas” in this game is a truth that can be believed.Keywords: Descriptive, Online Games, Mas Garuda, Partai Gerindra

  8. A regulamentação da propaganda de alimentos no Brasil: convergências e conflitos de interesses

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    Patricia Henriques

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo objetivou desenvolver uma análise comparativa entre o documento proposto para regulamentar a publicidade de alimentos não saudáveis e de bebidas de baixo valor nutricional, levado à consulta pública em 2006, e a Resolução aprovada em 2010. A análise se pautou em dados provenientes de documentos legais referentes à regulamentação da propaganda de alimentos, na identificação dos atores-chave e dos argumentos que fundamentaram seus discursos. Verificou-se que a Resolução aprovada se apresenta menos detalhada e rigorosa sob o ponto de vista regulatório. Foram retiradas proibições e exigências sobre o formato, o conteúdo e os temas das propagandas de alimentos, em especial as voltadas ao público infantil. Faz-se necessário fortalecer a discussão sobre o que é a esfera pública, como ela se constrói, o que são interesses públicos e quais mecanismos e processos podem contribuir para garanti-los.

  9. Oxygen safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    COPD - oxygen safety; Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - oxygen safety; Chronic obstructive airways disease - oxygen safety; Emphysema - oxygen safety; Heart failure - oxygen-safety; Palliative care - oxygen safety; Hospice - oxygen safety

  10. Some Implications of the Political Economy of Communication Theory for Propaganda Research/ Algunas implicaciones de la teoría de la Economía Política de la Comunicación para la investigación de la propaganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Antonio Pineda Cachero; apc@us.es

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to think about how the political economy of communication theory can contribute to propaganda research. We support that the cooperation possibilities between those two research fields rest upon deep theoretical links related to concepts such as power and ideology. Considering the mass media as social power tools is another relevant factor regarding to those links. On the other hand, using the political economy of communication theory has also potential consequences for the empirical research of propaganda. Such consequences can be especially productive for the propaganda studies in mass communication and mass culture. However, if we understand propaganda as a trans-historical and universal phenomenon, the application of the political economy of communication ideas finds some limitations. The question of whether all messages can be understood as propaganda is another theoretical problem that comes from a deterministic reading of the political economy of communication. Este artículo tiene el objetivo de reflexionar sobre las aportaciones que puede realizar la teoría de la Economía Política de la Comunicación a la investigación de la comunicación propagandística. Sostenemos que la posibilidad de cooperación entre estos dos ámbitos de estudio de la comunicación descansa sobre vinculaciones conceptuales profundas relativas a conceptos como el poder y la ideología. Otro factor relevante al respecto es la consideración de los medios de comunicación como herramientas de poder. La aplicación de la Economía Política de la Comunicación tiene también consecuencias potenciales para el estudio empírico de la propaganda. Tales implicaciones potenciales pueden ser especialmente fructíferas en el ámbito de la investigación de la propaganda en la comunicación y la cultura de masas. Sin embargo, si entendemos teóricamente la propaganda como un fenómeno universal y transhistórico, las ideas de la Economía Pol

  11. A Brush Up on the ‘2015 Presidential Election of Nigeria’: The Chemistry between Religio-Political Manoeuvres and Propaganda Stratagems

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    Joel Abah

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Religious bigotry and misinterpretation to serve personal interest in our world today have given birth to incessant wars, lawless and reckless killings, genocides and the birth of dreadful terrorism. Nonetheless, there is a paucity of empirical evidence on the topic in question. The objectives of this paper are to examine: (a the use of religion as a tool for political propaganda in the 2015 Presidential Election; (b the reason why politicians make use of religion for propaganda; (c the effects of using political propaganda. The study employed content, and descriptive analysis to synthesise data from newspapers, books and online works. Findings reveal that some key political parties made use of religion as a tool for political propaganda, at different ranges in print and electronic media. In effect, the use of religion by politicians was mainly due to the country’s regional divided front when it comes to religious beliefs; northern Muslims and the southern Christians. This abuse of religious rights breeds pathological hatred among the populace and there is a need to implement the tenets of secularism within the political framework to aid peace building.

  12. [The sleeping disease drug Germanine as an instrument for propaganda: reception in literature and film during National Socialism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobi, Eva Anne

    2010-01-01

    As European colonization spread widely over the African continent the health and physical welfare of the African population gained more and more importance to European colonists who concentrated on capitalizing on African human resources for an improved financial and economic outcome of their colonies. This brought tropical medicine to the top of the European colonial agenda and raised the awareness of the threat of infectious diseases, such as the African Trypanosomiasis or so-called sleeping disease. In 1916 a group of scientists from the pharmaceutical company Bayer AG discovered a substance on the base of dye rather than arsenic. The drug was called Bayer 205 and showed outstanding therapeutic effects. It also reduced adverse reactions in people infected with sleeping disease. As Germany had already lost its colonies, the Bayer company--supported by the German government--negotiated with the English and Belgian governments and was allowed to send an expedition to East Africa. During 1921 and 1923 the new drug was tested in English Rhodesia and Belgian Congo and proved revolutionary, especially in comparison with conventional substances. In due course, the drug Bayer 205 was named Germanin and it was subsequently proposed to use it for political leverage: knowledge and use of the new drug was to be given only in exchange for parts of the former German colonies. However, the reactions of the international media put an end to Germany's neo-colonial-dreams, even before the proposal had reached governmental level. Even so, the incident never disappeared from the mind of those who wished to revive German colonialism. Thus, it is no surprise, that the tale of the discovery and perceived "injustice" of a thwarted scientific success regained an important place in National Socialist propaganda. This article will examine two sources to exemplify the role Germanin attained in National Socialist propaganda: Hellmuth Unger's popular science novel Germanin. Geschichte einer

  13. Una mirada científico-teórica al quehacer de la Propaganda Indirecta en el medio radial. Estudio de caso en Radio Vitral (An indirect scientific-theoretical view of the radial Propaganda in a study of case in Radio Vitral

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    Yennys Hernández Ulloa

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: A partir del triunfo de la Revolución Cubana la propaganda obtuvo un lugar privilegiado en los medios de comunicación, asociada a la construcción del socialismo. Este factor social cual se convirtió en punto de partida para, mediante una metodología de corte cualitativo y con los merecidos referentes teóricos, realizar un diagnóstico de la propaganda indirecta en este medio de comunicación, lo cual sirvió de soporte para la validación teórico metodológica de este instrumento evaluador. Asimismo, se determinó que se carecía, de herramientas para evaluar la eficacia de los mensajes comunicativos, acordes con las características propias del sistema radial. Por ello, se propone una herramienta científica y teórico-metodológica que permite evaluar el quehacer propagandístico indirecto en el medio radial, que desde las miradas de las mediaciones sociales y la recepción activa garantice su aplicación en cada una de las emisoras cubanas.Abstract: Since the triumph of the Cuban Revolution propaganda has have a privilegiated place, associated with the construction of socialism. This social factor has become in the starting point for, using a qualitative methodology, perform the analysis of indirect propaganda in this cuban media. Also, with the results discussed in the diagnosis of indirect propaganda was determined that, unlike the direct creation of tools to evaluate the effectiveness of communication messages, in accordance with the characteristics of the radio system, which became the occasion to propose a theoretical scientific and methodological tool to assess the indirect propaganda task in the cuban radial medium.

  14. Análise do conteúdo de propagandas de medicamentos psicoativos Análisis del contenido de propagandas de medicamentos psicoactivos Psychoactive drug advertising: content analysis

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    Patrícia C Mastroianni

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi descrever as figuras humanas retratadas nas propagandas de medicamentos psicoativos quanto ao gênero, a idade, a etnia e o contexto social. Foi realizada análise de conteúdo de 86 impressos publicitários inéditos divulgados em Araraquara (SP no ano de 2005. A associação entre as categorias foi analisada usando o teste exato de Fisher. Houve predomínio de mulheres (62,8%, sendo quatro vezes mais freqüentes que os homens em propagandas de antidepressivos e ansiolíticos. A maioria era constituída de jovens adultos (72%, de etnia branca (98,8%. As pessoas estavam em lazer (46,5%, em suas casas (29% ou em contato com a natureza (16,2%. A mensagem transmitida foi que os medicamentos tratam sintomatologias subjetivas de desconforto do dia-a-dia, induzindo a um apelo irracional que pode refletir na prescrição medicamentosa.El objetivo del estudio fue describir las figuras humanas retratadas en las propagandas de medicamentos psicoactivos con relación al género, la edad, la etnia y el contexto social. Se realizó un análisis del contenido de 86 anuncios publicitarios inéditos divulgados en Araraquara (sureste de Brasil, en el año 2005. La asociación entre las categorías fue analizada usando la prueba exacta de Fisher. Se detectó un predominio de mujeres (62,8%, siendo cuatro veces mas frecuentes que los hombres en propagandas de antidepresivos y ansiolíticos. La mayoría estaba constituida por jóvenes adultos (72%, de etnia blanca (98,8%. Las personas estaban en tiempo de ocio (46,5%, en sus casas (29% o en contacto con la naturaleza (16,2%. El mensaje transmitido fue que los medicamentos tratan sintomatologías subjetivas de incomodidad del día a día, induciendo un reclamo irracional que puede reflejarse en la prescripción medicamentosaThe goal of this study was to describe the human figures portrayed in psychoactive drug advertising in terms of gender, age, ethnic group, and social context. Content

  15. As brigadas muralistas da experiência chilena: propaganda política e imaginário revolucionário The muralistic brigades from chilean experience: political propaganda and revolutionary imaginary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carine Dalmás

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem como propósito analisar duas organizações de propaganda e alguns dos murais produzidos por elas no Chile durante governo da Unidade Popular (UP. Neste período a esquerda chilena tentou desenvolver o projeto de transição para o socialismo pela via pacífica. As imagens foram produzidas com fins propagandistas por brigadas muralistas que pertenciam aos principais partidos do governo - o Partido Comunista (PC e o Partido Socialista (PS. A maneira como se estruturaram e as mensagens pictórico-textuais produzidas por estas organizações nos permitiram observar algumas facetas da atuação dos principais partidos do governo na luta político-cultural que encabeçaram em torno deste projeto comum. Partimos da hipótese de que as imagens produzidas traduzem, enquanto documentos históricos, os valores políticos e ideológicos da UP e, também, as suas tensões políticas internas. As brigadas muralistas tinham o objetivo de conscientizar e conquistar o apoio da sociedade para a transformação do Chile em um país socialista e, sendo assim, contribuíram para a construção de um imaginário socialista.O estudo da forma pela qual a propaganda visual da UP difundiu este imaginário constitui o eixo central desta abordagem que se circunscreve, do ponto de vista historiográfico, no campo da história das representações. Entendemos que a análise das imagens expressas nos murais nos permite apreender o significado do imaginário que orientou as práticas políticas do PC e do PS chilenos naquele período.The aim of the present article is to analyze two propaganda organizations and some of the murals which were produced by them in Chile during the government of the Popular Unit. At that time, the Chilean left attempted to develop the project of transition into socialism by peaceful means. The images were created with propagandistic ends by muralistic brigades, which belonged to the main government parties - the Communist

  16. Images, ideology and propaganda. The works of the american Committee On Public Information In Spain (1917-1918

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    José Antonio Montero Jiménez

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The United States has traditionally made use of its self-perception as a bastion of freedom and democracy to justify its foreign policies and to carry out propaganda initiatives. In this sense, the creation in 1917 of the first American official information agency —the Committee on Public Information— is a historical landmark. It served to justify the U.S. participation in the Great War as well as to spread Wilson’s message to foreign countries. The Committee opened a branch office in Spai, under the direction of a film industry executive, Frank J. Marion. His mission did not achieve significant results in the short term, owing to the difficulties of reconciling American ideology with the U.S. officials’ perceptions of Spain. Nevertheless, the methods, strategies and philosophy of the Committee were of vital importance in the shaping of Washington’s public diplomacy during and after World War II.

  17. ESTILOS DE FUNCIONAMENTO E MECANISMOS DE APRENDIZAGEM EM UMA INDÚSTRIA CRIATIVA DE PUBLICIDADE E PROPAGANDA

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    Bruno Chaves Correia Lima

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available O estudo objetiva analisar a cultura organizacional quanto aos estilos de funcionamentoe aos mecanismos de aprendizagem em uma indústria de criação funcional. Trata-se deuma pesquisa quantitativa, descritiva, com uso de questionários estruturados. Utilizou-seestatísticas descritivas de médias, desvio-padrão e correlação mediante informações damaior empresa de publicidade e propaganda do Ceará. A cultura da organização é formadapela presença moderada e simultânea dos estilos empreendedor, afiliativo, burocrático eindividualista, predominando o primeiro. O único mecanismo de aprendizagem com nível altode ocorrência foi codificação e controle de conhecimento, evidenciando fraca correlação entreimportância atribuída e ocorrência desses mecanismos.

  18. Propaganda y publicidad nazis en España durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial : algunas características

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Velasco Murviedro

    1994-01-01

    A pesar del título de este trabajo, lo cierto es que el período exacto en que la propaganda nazi propiamente dicha se extendió en nuestro país fue mucho más concreto y menor en extensión: los casi tres años que van desde comienzos de 1941 hasta finales del 43; ambas fechas no son, a nada que se analice, fortuitas, ni mucho menos, pues la primera coincide con el auge y extensión militar de Alemania por Europa y parte de África, mientras que en el año 1943, si aún no está clar...

  19. Estampas españolas de la Guerra de la Independencia: propaganda, conmemoración y testimonio

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    José Manuel MATILLA

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Las estampas constituyeron un notable instrumento de propaganda durante la Guerra de la Independencia. La labor que el Estado había desarrollado desde mediados del siglo XVIII para el fomento del grabado favoreció la existencia de grabadores que satisficieron la demanda del mercado en estos años. Un mercado que es posible seguir gracias a los anuncios insertados en la prensa periódica. Sátiras, retratos y representaciones narrativas constituyen los tres ejes alrededor de los que gira esta producción. Frente a estas estampas de función eminentemente propagandística, los Desastres de la guerra de Francisco de Goya constituyen un contrapunto en el que el autor ofrece una visión crítica y personal.

  20. Die Inszenierung der Toten. Italienische Kriegsgräberstätten im Alpenraum als Mittel faschistischer Propaganda

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    Tragbar, Klaus

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available For the self-perception of the Kingdom of Italy, founded as late as 1861, the soldiers killed in action during WW I played a particular role. The war memorials built for them along the front between the Stelvio Pass and the Isonzo River, the frontier to the former Austro-Hungarian Empire, are a case in point. After their seizure of power in 1922, the Italian fascists radically converted the memorial culture from the mourning of the dead to their celebration as fascist martyrs. New war memorials were built, now rather driven by the ideas of heroism and sacrifice for the nation – and for future wars. These new war memorials were also erected in regions where no fighting had taken place during WW I, as in South Tyrol, at the Brenner or the Reschen Pass. This was a clear indication of their function as an instrument for political propaganda.

  1. ¿Noticias o carteles electorales? - Imagen política en prensa e info-propaganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lic. M. Teresa Roncero Villa

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo se ocupa de la difusión de la imagen periodística de los líderes políticos en épocas de campaña electoral. Partimos de la base de que existe una tensión entre la maquinaria propagandística de los partidos políticos, que pretende crear una imagen estilizada de los candidatos, y la difusión que los medios hacen de dicha imagen prefabricada. Hablamos de difusión mediática como "espejo de distinta curvatura" que "refleja [encuadra] selectivamente" (Tichenor, Donohue y Olien, 1980 la realidad, según se hallen encontrados los intereses económicos y políticos de la prensa con las pretensiones propagandísticas de los partidos políticos. Es la tensión existente entre propaganda e información.

  2. Kinematografische Propaganda und Zensur in Österreich-Ungarn von 1914–1918 als gescheitertes kybernetisches Modell

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    Paul Winkler

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available (Medien-Pädagogik, verstanden als Medienverbund zur programmierten "Unterrichtung" einer breiten Masse wurde bereits vor 1914 erfahren. Zweifelsohne kam es jedoch während dem Ersten Weltkrieg zu einer intensiven Orchestrierung der zur Verfügung stehenden Medien. Die angestrebte Volkserziehung kann dabei als kybernetisches Regelkreismodell betrachtet werden. Als ganz spezielles systemimmanentes Instrument, stellte sich dabei das Kino heraus. Anfangs etwas zögerlich, verstand man es mit Verlauf des Krieges auch in der Donaumonarchie, die Möglichkeiten der bewegten Bilder immer umfassender auszunützen. Das Kino sollte als Regler, dem Publikum Führungsgrößen vor Augen führen und das einzelne Individuum gleichzeitig zu einer Art Selbstregulation auffordern. Vorstellungs- und Wertewelten der Menschen sollten homogenisiert werden und das System in dieser Weise stabilisieren. Offenes Feedback war unerwünscht; Grundstimmungen und Diskurse innerhalb der Bevölkerung blieben jedoch nicht unbemerkt und wurden auf der Leinwand bearbeitet, wobei begründete Befürchtungen, Zweifel und Ängste, zu entkräften versucht wurden. Mit fortschreitender Kriegsdauer taten sich Zensur und Propaganda immer schwerer, ein geschöntes Bild der Situation glaubhaft darzustellen. Schließlich vermochte das Flimmern der Leinwände, die Botschaften des Systems nicht mehr zu vermitteln. Das kybernetische Modell der Volkserziehung über Kamera und Leinwand, welches die Gesellschaft militärisch überprägte, Überlegenheit predigte, Gewalt normalisierte und das kriegsbedingte Sterben humanisierte, musste letztlich scheitern. Der vorliegende Artikel soll einen kurzen Einblick in den Aufbau dieses – letztlich gescheiterten – regulativen Werkes der kinematografischen Propaganda und Zensur in Österreich-Ungarn geben, wobei der Fokus auf der dokumentarischen Berichterstattung vom Krieg liegt, die eine vermeintliche Realität repräsentieren sollte.

  3. Soviet News and Propaganda Analysis Based on RED STAR (The Official Newspaper of the Soviet Defense Establishment) for the Period 1-30 September 1984. Volume 4, Number 9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-09-30

    Red Stares new and feature stories are carefully selected and orchestrated to satisfy the propaganda goals and objectives of the Comunist Party and...02% 011 03% 8. China .......................... 011 031 051 It is apparent from the data in Table 2 that Moscov’s rhetoric and propaganda about...121 571 052 092 012 331 162 2. Middle last ........ 28 011 102 011 411 341 231 062 3. China .............. 131 112 071 251 342 271 021 -- 4. Asia

  4. La propagande arabe anglaise vers le Maghreb pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale (1939-1943 British Arabic Propaganda towards North Africa in the Second World War (1939-1943

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    Fayçal Cherif

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available In the context of Second World War and its impact in North Africa, propaganda destined for Arab populations takes multiform aspects: radio, newspapers, leaflets, etc.. The propaganda conducted by Great Britain through the BBC, making use of the Arabic language, began in 1939. Programmes from Radio London were in fact an answer to German radio propaganda which had great success in North Africa. During the brief war operations in Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia, from 8 November 1942 to 13 May 1943, this propaganda tried to show and to improve the image of different combatants and to convince Arabs of the justice of their cause. A weekly newspaper published by Great Britain, “Akhbar al Ousbou” (or Weekly Information, was exclusively reserved for the governmental authorities. During the North Africa campaign (Torch, the Royal Air Force dropped leaflets in Arabic, trying to explain their war aims and to secure the support of the population. This article examines the developing of British Arabic propaganda and seeks to measure its degree of success or failure in the face of other subversive propaganda particularly from Germany and Italy and especially its impacts on the North African populations from 1939 till May 1943.

  5. Self-Representation and Representation of the Other in the Great War Propaganda. Some Passages from “La Tradotta” and “Die Tiroler Soldaten-Zeitung”

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    Maria Rita Murgia

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of this work is to identify, analyse and propose to modern readers and scholars, in an imagological perspective, how war propaganda, through trench papers, was able to create a group identity and a war mentality during the Great War.In particular, this article concentrates on the vis-à-vis between Italy and Austria examining both an italian and an austrian trench paper (“La Tradotta” and the “Tiroler Soldaten-Zeitung”.Through the comparison between some of the most interesting pieces of the two, the author tried to make the reader understand how war propaganda worked with language and how important it was in the creation of consent. It emerges a skilful use of persuasion strategies which can be also seen in a more current perspective and can be useful for the study of modern mass media and their capacity to drive people’s way of thinking and behaviour.

  6. La propaganda y la construcción de la cultura de guerra en España durante la Guerra Civil

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    Francisco SEVILLANO CALERO

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza la propaganda de guerra durante la Guerra Civil española y los primeros años del «nuevo Estado» franquista. La bibliografía reciente ha analizado la construcción estereotipada de la imagen del enemigo, y cómo la persona del general Francisco Franco fue transfigurada simbólicamente mediante la construcción y la propagación de su imagen carismática en el discurso, los ritos y las liturgias del «nuevo Estado» durante la Guerra Civil. Mediante estos discursos e imágenes, la propaganda construyó una cultura de guerra en España de 1936 a 1939.

  7. Divulgação científica em La Propaganda Rural: antecedentes da formação prescritiva do discurso no Uruguai disciplinado

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    Phillipp Dias Gripp

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses historic precedents on science divulgation through an approach on the discourse of La Propaganda Rural, Uruguayan transnational circulation magazine. The paper aims at understanding the senses linked to discipline in scientific divulgation. The analysis of utterances published in the 1909 editions gives evidence of the prescriptive formation, recognised by the regularity of two interdependent views: the usefulness of scientific and technological knowledge and the regulated procedural applicability.

  8. O gênero propaganda no livro didático de língua portuguesa: um estudo do suporte

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    Maria Aparecida de Assis Teodoro

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO:O trabalho faz parte de uma pesquisa sobre a configuração do suporte como estratégia de leitura. Buscamos, sobretudo, estudar as alterações de sentido que o texto sofre quando é transportado de um determinado suporte para o livro didático. Como corpus, foi escolhida a coleção Português uma proposta para o letramento, de Magda Soares (2002. O gênero textual alçado para o estudo é a propaganda. A linha teórica contemplou a análise do discurso e a sociolingüística, sobretudo autores como: Charaudeau (1994, Bakhtin (2002, Citelli (1991, Carvalho (2004 Simões (2006. Isso para melhor entendermos a relação entre signo, significado e ideologia, uma vez que a propaganda é um forte recurso midiático para reforço e repasse de ideologias.PALAVRAS-CHAVE: letramento, leitura, propaganda, suporteABSTRACT: The work is part of a research on the support configuration as reading strategy. We seek above all to study the changes of meaning that the text suffers when it is moved from a certain support for the textbook. As corpus, the Portuguese collection was chosen a proposal for literacy, Magda Soares (2002. The genre elevation for the study is propaganda. The theoretical line looked discourse analysis and sociolinguistics, especially authors like: Charaudeau (1994, Bakhtin (2002, Citelli (1991, Carvalho (2004 Simões (2006. This to better understand the relationship between sign, meaning and ideology, since advertising is a strong media resource for strengthening and transfer of ideologies. KEYWORDS: literacy, reading, advertising, supportRecebido: 10/05/2010      Aceito:12/07/2010

  9. "Chinese Children Rise Up!": Representations of Children in the Work of the Cartoon Propaganda Corps during the Second Sino-Japanese War

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    Laura Pozzi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available During the War of Resistance against Japan (1937–1945, children were a major subject of propaganda images. Children had become significant figures in China when May Fourth intellectuals, influenced by evolutionary thinking, deemed “the child” as a central figure for the modernization of the country. Consequently, during the war, cartoonists employed already-established representations of children for propagandistic purposes. By analyzing images published by members of the Cartoon Propaganda Corps in the wartime magazine Resistance Cartoons, this article shows how portrayals of children fulfilled symbolic as well as normative functions. These images provide us with information about the symbolic power of representations of children, and about authorities’ expectations of China’s youngest citizens. However, cartoonists also created images undermining the heroic rhetoric often attached to representations of children, especially after the dismissal of the Cartoon Propaganda Corps in 1940. This was the case with cartoonist Zhang Leping’s (1910–1992 sketches of “Zhuji after the Devastation,” which revealed the discrepancies between propagandistic representations and children’s everyday life in wartime China.

  10. Vanquished Moors and Turkish prisoners. The images of Islam and the official royal propaganda at the time of John V of Portugal in the early 18th century

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    Ivan Rega Castro

    2017-12-01

    Questo articolo analizza l’immagine dell’Islam nelle arti visive prodotte in seno alla propaganda reale portoghese, con particolare riferimento alle guerre di religione dell’inizio del XVIII secolo. In questo contesto il nemico continua ad essere per eccellenza il “moro” o il “turco”. Nel resto della penisola iberica, esempi simili in campo artistico sono relativamente pochi, benché talvolta il musulmano venga evocato in composizioni allegoriche. Queste circostanze cambiano radicalmente se analizziamo la propaganda reale portoghese, dispiegata dalla Casa di Braganza presso la Santa Sede, nel momento in cui, a Roma, l’idea di una “guerra santa” contro l’Impero Ottomano continuava a essere attiva. Qui il turco viene talvolta addirittura raffigurato come schiavo. Tali immagini dell’Islam, che sono assenti sul suolo spagnolo, vanno considerate come una produzione particolare, elaborata dalla propaganda portoghese appositamente per il proprio pubblico e per quello romano. Tali costruzioni riflettono dunque le disparità che caratterizzano nella situazione politica e culturale i regni iberici e lo Stato Pontificio.

  11. A apologia do consumo de bebidas alcoólicas e da velocidade no trânsito no Brasil: considerações sobre a propaganda de dois problemas de saúde pública The promotion of alcoholic beverage consumption and traffic speed in Brazil: considerations on the advertising of two public health problems

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    Ilana Pinsky

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Os acidentes de trânsito, muitas vezes relacionados com excesso de velocidade, e os problemas decorrentes do consumo de bebidas alcoólicas são dois importantes problemas de saúde pública no Brasil. Esses problemas podem estar associados, como no caso do dirigir alcoolizado, mas também se apresentam de maneira independente. Entre os diversos fatores que impactam nesses problemas encontra-se a propaganda de estímulo (comerciais. A influência da propaganda em várias questões de saúde, incluindo consumo de álcool e segurança no uso de veículos, tem um papel que recentemente está sendo mais estudado e compreendido. Setores públicos e privados no Brasil têm influência na regulamentação da propaganda, que é ainda principalmente exercida através do exercício da auto-regulamentação. O presente artigo apresenta um quadro geral sobre o assunto e, diante dos prejuízos de ordem social e econômica advindos do consumo de bebidas e dos acidentes, propõe-se a discutir o papel que vem sendo exercido pelos meios de comunicação, sua responsabilidade social e os limites da auto-regulamentação.Traffic accidents, which are often associated with speeding, and the problems associated with consumption of alcoholic beverages are two major public health concerns in Brazil. These problems may be associated, as in the case of drunk driving, but they also occur independently. Commercial advertising is one of the factors that have an impact on these issues. The influence of advertising on many health issues, including alcohol consumption and traffic safety plays a role that has been continuously investigated and understood. Public and private sectors in Brazil have an influence on the advertising regulation, which is still mainly performed by industry self-regulation. This paper presents a general framework on the subject. In addition, faced with the social and economic hazards resulting from alcohol consumption and traffic accidents, it

  12. Marcos legais da propaganda de medicamentos: avanços e retrocessos Legal frameworks of drug advertisement: progress and setbacks

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    Carolina Pires Araújo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde o início da civilização brasileira, já existe divulgação de produtos farmacêuticos, sendo os medicamentos os preferidos dos anúncios. A propaganda de medicamentos, enquanto estratégia persuasiva, pode representar risco sanitário, caso não se comprometa com a divulgação de informação correta e segura. Nesse sentido, várias são as tentativas de controle sanitário por parte do Estado, as quais parecem consolidar-se em embates de domínio ético e legal. Em busca de compreender o contexto que norteia a atual conjuntura da problemática sobre propaganda de medicamentos, o presente estudo traça um percurso histórico, a partir dos principais marcos legais: a Junta Central de Higiene (1851, a Lei de Vigilância Sanitária (1976 e a criação da ANVISA (1999. Identificou-se que os marcos acompanham o contexto estrutural do país, contribuindo para a consolidação do campo da regulação hoje.Since the beginning of Brazilian civilization, there is already disclosure of pharmaceutical drugs being the favorite of the ads. The advertising of medicines, while persuasive strategy, may represent health risk, if not compromised with the release of accurate and safe information. For that reason, there are several attempts at sanitary control by the state, which appears to be consolidated in the struggles of the ethical and legal domain. In seeking to understand the context that guides, the current situation of the drug advertising problem, this study provides a historical background, from the main legal frameworks: "Junta Central de Higiene" (1851, "Lei de Vigilância Sanitária" (1976 and the creation of "ANVISA" (1999. It was identified that milestone follows the country structural context, contributing to the consolidation of the regulation's field nowadays.

  13. O PAPEL SOCIAL DA MULHER BRASILEIRA NAS DÉCADAS DE 30 A 60, RETRATADA ATRAVÉS DAS PROPAGANDAS VEICULADAS NA REVISTA O CRUZEIRO

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    Cristina Spengler Azambuja

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O desenvolvimento de novas tecnologias de comunicação contribuíram para a construção de novas abordagens sobre os mais diversos temas. O estudo imagético apresenta-se como uma ferramenta auxiliar que através das imagens, veiculadas pelos meios de comunicação, direcionados ao público feminino, nos proporciona um maior entendimento do papel social da mulher ao longo do tempo. O presente trabalho pretende abordar evoluções históricas relevantes ao estudo do comportamento do consumidor, no que se refere ao papel feminino na propaganda. A pesquisa destaca a utilização das áreas da Comunicação e História para a coleta de informações na construção de uma caracterização do papel feminino frente ao consumismo, identificando no espaço brasileiro das décadas de 30 a 60, através de alguns anúncios publicitários impressos na revista O Cruzeiro. Percebeu-se as maneiras pelas quais a propaganda se modificou e ajudou a modificar o perfil feminino contemporâneo. A propaganda será o fio condutor que liga uma mulher “vitoriana”, apegada aos valores familiares conservadores, ainda tímida enquanto agente de mudança social, a uma mulher revigorada, atenta ao seu papel em uma sociedade em transformação. Orientada pelos valores de consumo tanto para a aquisição de produtos que a auxiliasse na proteção familiar, tanto aos que a induziam à liberdade de expressão e a americanização dos padrões e comportamentos, as mulheres brasileiras sempre foram modelos de referência ao comportamento do consumidor. Alvo de grande parte dos esforços da propaganda nacional, a mulher é colocada como uma engrenagem chave do processo de consumo na sociedade contemporânea e é o objeto através do qual a publicidade pretendeu alcançar seus objetivos comerciais. Palavras-chave: Mulher. Propaganda. Comunicação. Comportamento.

  14. Emissaries of moderation. British propaganda and public diplomacy during the end of Iberian dictatorships, 1973-1977

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    Óscar J. Martín García

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available From 1973 to 1977 the Western allies committed to ensuring a controlled political change in Portugal and Spain. Although the end of the Iberian authoritarian regimes has traditionally been approached by scholars as a domestic matter, new academic works emphasize the international aspects of the substitution of the Iberian dictatorships. These approaches focus on the «high diplomacy» that was typical of the international power relations during Cold War. However, our contention is that there was not only a political and economic supervision from abroad on the Portuguese and Spanish transitions. There was also cultural intervention to reduce the destabilizing consequences of the political change in both countries. This article falls within this field of cultural international action. It deals with the cultural, information and propaganda policies deployed by Great Britain’s government to promote British foreign interests and to facilitate a moderate transition to a pluralist democracy in Portugal and Spain. Thus, this contribution analyses a topic which the specialised bibliography has paid little attention to. It also adds the cultural factor in the studies on the international dimension of the Iberian transition.

  15. Customização de massa: mais tecnologia, menos propaganda e satisfação do cliente

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    Mônica Heloísa Braga Vasques

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta a customização de massa como uma estratégia de marketing individual, voltada para o atendimento ao cliente, e enfatiza a sensibilidade, a flexibilidade e a elasticidade propiciada, no processo, pela tecnologia. Nesta abordagem, são elencadas as vantagens da customização e seus princípios de flexibilidade: o adiamento, o resseqüenciamento e a padronização do processo. O artigo também foca o sucesso da Hewlett-Packard, em razão de sua capacidade de integrar os projetos de produtos, processos e redes de fornecimento. Por fim, questiona se a customização não estaria a anunciar a ‘morte’ da propaganda, e se a inteligência, por meio da tecnologia, não criaria uma relação ‘fatal’, customizante com cada cliente, vendendo cada vez mais.

  16. Cuerpos en lucha, lucha de cuerpos: discurso moral, propaganda e identidad religiosa en el Michoacán

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    Sara Sánchez del Olmo

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available A partir del siglo XVII la Nueva España sería testigo del desarrollo de una profusa literatura hagiográfi ca que adoptaría diversas formas, entre ellas su inserción en forma de biografía dentro de las crónicas de las órdenes religiosas. Analizamos aquí las obras de Rea y Basalenque, primeras crónicas ofi ciales de la provincia de Michoacán. Sus textos nos permiten, por un lado, aproximarnos al discurso moral en torno al cuerpo construido en el Barroco, y por otro, analizar las estrategias de las órdenes religiosas en su posicionamiento hacia el resto de los grupos sociales, mostrando cómo las hagiografías fueron un ejercicio de propaganda destinado a reafi rmar su legitimidad y a reforzar su prestigio. Al mismo tiempo, estos relatos constituyeron una de las bases sobre las que se cimentaría la construcción de una identidad religiosa diferenciada, frente a la metrópoli y frente al «otro» más cercano.

  17. Propaganda y publicidad nazis en España durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial : algunas características

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    Carlos Velasco Murviedro

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available A pesar del título de este trabajo, lo cierto es que el período exacto en que la propaganda nazi propiamente dicha se extendió en nuestro país fue mucho más concreto y menor en extensión: los casi tres años que van desde comienzos de 1941 hasta finales del 43; ambas fechas no son, a nada que se analice, fortuitas, ni mucho menos, pues la primera coincide con el auge y extensión militar de Alemania por Europa y parte de África, mientras que en el año 1943, si aún no está clara y definida la fecha de la derrota de ios germanos, sí está ya echada la suerte de la guerra, y ésta no es desde luego favorable a éstos, por lo que el esfuerzo propagandístico devino cada vez más superfluo.

  18. I miracoli mariani nelle Marche di fine Settecento e i santini come strumento privilegiato di propaganda / Marian miracles in the Marche region in the late eighteenth century and the holy cards as the preferred instrument of propaganda

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    Germano Pistolesi

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Lo studio analizza i fenomeni prodigiosi del “movimento degli occhi” nelle immagini della Madonna, dei Crocefissi e dei santi che si verificarono tra il 1796 e il 1797 nella parte orientale dello Stato Pontificio in concomitanza con gli avvenimenti napoleonici nella campagna d’Italia. Si esamina in particolare la percezione che ebbero di questi avvenimenti i contemporanei e come la memoria di quegli eventi sia ravvisabile anche in epoche successive. Si mette altresì in evidenza la peculiarità dei miracoli marchigiani, più eterogenei rispetto a quelli che si verificarono successivamente a Roma, i quali ebbero un carattere marcatamente mariano. Lo studio analizza inoltre le riproduzioni delle immagini sacre, comunemente chiamate “santini”, facendo emergere la portata propagandistica e apologetica dei miracoli fino a tempi recenti. Un elenco ragionato di tali miracoli evidenzia il rilievo anche quantitativo di tali eventi.   This study analyzes the miraculous phenomena of the "eye movement" in the images of the Madonna, of the Crucifixes and of the saints that occurred between 1796 and 1797 in the eastern part of the Papal States in connection with the events in Napoleon's Italian campaign. It can examine the perception that contemporaries had of these events and how the memory of those events is also apparent in later periods. It also sheds light on the peculiarities of the miracles of the Marche region, more heterogeneous than those that occurred later in Rome, which had a distinctly Marian character. The study also analyzes the reproductions of the sacred images, commonly called holy cards, highlighting the scope of propaganda and apologetics of the miracles until recently. An annotated list of these miracles also highlights the significant amount of the events.

  19. John Bull’s Adventures in the Fiscal Wonderland : Rhétorique graphique et propagande politique dans la controverse fiscale 1903-1910 John Bull’s Adventures in the Fiscal Wonderland: Pictorial Rhetoric and Political Propaganda during the Fiscal Controversy 1903-1910

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    Philippe Vervaecke

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the pictorial propaganda produced by protectionist and free-trade pressure groups between 1903 and 1910. The Tariff Reform controversy, which opposed Liberals and Conservatives during the Edwardian era, has been extensively covered, but the massive use of pictorial propaganda by both sides has been largely neglected as a historical source. The article first focuses on the fears expressed by many Edwardian observers about the advent of pictorial propaganda, often seen by them as the intrusion of irrationality into politics. It then delineates the rhetoric displayed by protectionist and free-trade pictorial propaganda and the consistency of their respective viewpoints of British society and of the international context. It finally claims that pictorial propaganda, far from subverting democracy and politics, sought to uphold established norms of rational, manly and independent citizenship.

  20. "Gritos dan en el real"... figuras de mujer en la propaganda política y social de la Edad Media hispana

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    María Jesús Fuente

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available La propaganda política durante la Edad Media utilizó en ocasiones a las mujeres como arma arrojadiza entre facciones, dándose así la paradoja de que las figuras femeninas, excluidas del espacio político, eran claves en épocas de conflicto. Para demostrarlo se analizan tres momentos cruciales en la monarquía castellana, en los que se producen enfrentamientos entre hermanos por cuestiones sucesorias, y en los que se utiliza a las mujeres de la familia como medio para desprestigiar al contrario. En el último tercio del siglo XI, la rivalidad entre Sancho II y Alfonso VI, tuvo en medio a su hermana Urraca de Zamora; a mediados del siglo XIV, el enfrentamiento entre Pedro I y Enrique II, utilizó a varias mujeres de la familia como medio de propaganda; en la segunda mitad del siglo XV, la pugna entre Enrique IV e Isabel de Castilla, envolvió también a las mujeres de la familia.During the Middle Ages Spanish monarchs and nobles developed a form of political propaganda in which women were used as weapons against their political rivals. The result was that female figures, excluded from the political arena, took a great role in problematic periods. To illustrate this point, I analyze three cases from crucial times of the Kingdom of Castile, when in the fights for the throne between siblings, women of the immediate family were involved. One, which took place in the second half of the XIth century, involved the rivalry between Sancho the IInd and Alfonso the VIth. Another which centered on the rivalry between Pedro the Irst and Enrique the IInd, occurred in the middle of the XIVth century. And the third, which took place in the second half of the XVth century, pitted Enrique the IVth and Isabel of Castile.

  1. 10 Jahre danach: Der Irak-Krieg 2003 und das (Medien- Schlachtfeld I - Der Medien-Golfkrieg im Spannungsfeld zwischen PR und Propaganda

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    Karl Stinged

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Hinsichtlich der Informationsstrategie der US-Administration von George W. Bush und des US-Militärs im Zuge des Irak-Krieges 2003, lässt sich eine gut geplante und organisierte PR feststellen. Die eingebetteten Journalisten waren dabei ein wichtiges Mittel zum Zweck. Sie sorgten für eine Bilderhoheit im Krieg. Auch waren sie als Quelle für "unverfängliche Berichte" geplant. Eine vordergründig "neutrale Berichterstattung", die von negativen Aspekten des Krieges ablenken sollte.Die Medienlandschaft der USA nach dem 11. September 2001 war durch eine weitgehende Konformität geprägt. Kritik am Präsidenten oder an der Regierung wurde häufig als unpatriotisch gewertet. Somit wurde ein idealer Nährboden für Propaganda geschaffen. Propaganda ist systematische, persuasive Public Relations, die mit manipulativen Mitteln arbeitet. Die eigentliche politische Agenda, welche von den Propagandisten verfolgt wird, soll verschleiert werden.Der Irak-Krieg 2003 ist ein politisch gewollter und inszenierter Krieg. Im Zuge der Anschuldigungen gegen Saddam Hussein sowie in Folge der medialen Inszenierung des Kriegs, kristallisierte sich heraus, dass Politik und Militär den Sprung ins moderne Informationszeitalter geschafft haben. Beim modernen Informationskrieg findet der Krieg auf einer weiteren, virtuellen Ebene statt. Information, Nichtinformation und Desinformation sind die effizienten Waffen dieses Krieges. Dabei wird die Desinformation der Öffentlichkeit bewusst in Kauf genommen. JournalistInnen werden dabei als Vermittler politischer Propaganda instrumentalisiert.Die amerikanische Bevölkerung wurde durch die gezielte Manipulation der Medien zu einer Pro-Kriegs-Haltung verleitet. Die Behauptungen, die im Zuge der Anschuldigungen gegen das irakische Regime, aufgestellt wurden, erwiesen sich größtenteils als falsch und manipulativ. Die im Zuge der Vorbereitungen sowie während des Irak-Kriegs 2003 verwendete PR-Strategien können daher als

  2. Seduções da ordem: propaganda e estatuto fílmico nos documentários Triunfo da Vontade e Olympia, de Leni Riefenstahl

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    Karoline Viana Teixeira

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the significance of the documentary genre in theconstruction of the image of Hitler’s Germany. In a system in wich film production was completely controlled by the state, I seek to deepen the analysis of the status of the documentary genre and its relationship, not always well demarcated, with other modes of film, its use in Nazi propaganda and I attempt to define the boundaries for Leni Riefenstahl’s film production.

  3. Das Dritte Reich. Die diskursive Sakralisierung in der NS-Propagandadichtung von Heinrich Anacker[The Third Reich. Discursive Sacralization in the NS Propaganda Poetry of Heinrich Anacker

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    Anneleen Van Hertbruggen

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The main focus of this essay is the discursive analysis of “Reich” as an article of faith in the poetry volume Die Fanfare. Gedichte der deutschen Erhebung by Heinrich Anacker (1901-1971. Looking back to the original theological foundation of the concept “Third Reich” in connection with the debate about whether National Socialism could be consid­ered as a political religion, “Reich” is described as a possible article of faith of the Nazi creed. In Anacker’s National Socialist biased propaganda poetry, “Reich” appears, in fact, as a sacred and even as a quasi-religious entity.

  4. La batalla de la persuasió durant la Guerra Civil. El cas del Comissariat de Propaganda de la Generalitat de Catalunya (1936-1939)

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    Boquera Diago, Ester

    2015-01-01

    Aquesta investigació se centra en l’estudi del Comissariat de Propaganda, l’òrgan oficial de persuasió que la Generalitat de Catalunya va crear amb l’esclat de la Guerra Civil (1936-1939). L’objectiu de la tesi és, d’una banda, reconstruir i explicar cronològicament l’activitat portada a terme per aquest organisme. D’altra banda, la recerca també vol analitzar des d’un punt de vista comunicatiu les tècniques que va emprar, els seus objectius, els públics receptors i l’evolució que experimenta...

  5. El modelo de propaganda de Herman y Chomsky: Análisis de prensa sobre la huelga general del 29 de marzo de 2012

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    VIEJO SÁNCHEZ, PABLO

    2013-01-01

    Este estudio pretende aproximar la visión del modelo de propaganda de Herman y Chomsky al contexto de los medios de comunicación españoles en la actualidad. Para ello es necesario definir la relación existente entre la teoría y el campo de estudio, que serán cuatro diarios generalistas españoles, dos estatales y dos regionales (Comunidad Valenciana). En este sentido, esta parte de la introducción orienta sobre dichos puntos en común para establecer un patrón de análisis. Est...

  6. Seduções da ordem: propaganda e estatuto fílmico nos documentários Triunfo da Vontade e Olympia, de Leni Riefenstahl

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    Karoline Viana Teixeira

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses the significance of the documentary genre in theconstruction of the image of Hitler’s Germany. In a system in wich film production was completely controlled by the state, I seek to deepen the analysis of the status of the documentary genre and its relationship, not always well demarcated, with other modes of film, its use in Nazi propaganda and I attempt to define the boundaries for Leni Riefenstahl’s film production.

  7. La política de comunicación, información y propaganda en las Organizaciones Internacionales de Europa Occidental

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    Martín Diez, María Antonia

    1992-01-01

    La tesis toma como objeto de su investigación el estudio histórico, jurídico y analítico de las estructuras orgánicas y las políticas de comunicación, información y propaganda, desarrolladas por tres organizaciones intergubernamentales representativas del área regional de Europa y América del Norte. En concreto, estudia los casos del Consejo de Europa; la Comunidad Europea y la Organización del Tratado del Atlántico Norte. La investigación se completa con un estudio comparativo entre las tres...

  8. «Tudo pela nação, nada contra a nação». Salazar, la creación del secretariado de propaganda nacional y la censura

    OpenAIRE

    Alberto Pena Rodríguez

    2012-01-01

    El Secretariado de Propaganda Nacional (SPN) de la dictadura portuguesa es fundamental para comprender como se gestó y se consolidó el Estado Novo salazarista en Portugal. Su papel como aparato de propaganda encargado de la difusión de los principios políticos del régimen, sustanciados en la denominada «política do espírito», tuvo una extraordinaria importancia en el control de la opinión pública y los medios de comunicación lusos, que sufrieron una férrea censura, con consecuencias muy perju...

  9. Contexto, comunicación, persuación, manipulación y propaganda en el conflicto petrolero México-Estados Unidos el caso de la expropiación del 18 de Marzo de 1938

    OpenAIRE

    González Sánchez de Armas, Miguel Angel

    2010-01-01

    Estudiar las diversas manifestaciones de la propaganda que se generó en torno al proceso de la expropiación petrolera, y analizar el papel de la propaganda como instrumento creador de una simbología nacionalista durante el periodo post-expropiación. He aquí el ... objetivo central.El objetivo adicional es el que exige el central: colocar al acontecimiento en su contexto y perspectiva histórica, con objeto de aportar una mayor sistematización al trabajo y de esta forma aclarar ideas al recepto...

  10. Drug Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... over-the-counter drug. The FDA evaluates the safety of a drug by looking at Side effects ... clinical trials The FDA also monitors a drug's safety after approval. For you, drug safety means buying ...

  11. Panorama Publicitário: Perspectivas da Geografia da Comunicação nas atitudes do blumenauense em relação à propaganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabricia Durieux Zucco

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Ao iniciar os estudos em Geografias da Comunicação, nota-se como as culturas locais fortaleceram-se a partir da última década. Este trabalho se propõe a estudar se, assim como a cultura e os costumes, a propaganda também é vista de maneira particular em diferentes contextos culturais. Desta forma, o presente estudo tem como objetivo analisar as atitudes dos consumidores de Blumenau, cidade do interior do estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, em relação à propaganda. Utilizou-se o método de pesquisa quantitativa, adaptado do construto original elaborado por Pollay e Mittal (1993, composto por 40 questões. O levantamento ouviu 400 blumenauenses, e abordou as sete dimensões relativas às atitudes dos consumidores: Informativa, Hedônica/Prazerosa, Imagem e Papel Social, Corrupção de Valores, Falsidade, Boa para a economia e Materialista. A análise dos dados apontou maior concordância às afirmações positivas em relação à publicidade. Em contrapartida, as dimensões negativas são as que mais influenciam a percepção geral.

  12. Propaganda y realidad de las elecciones episcopales en la primera mirad del reinado de Enrique IV de Castilla: Una estrategia de poder contestada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego González Nieto

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo vamos a analizar la intervención de Enri- que IV de Castilla en las elecciones episcopales de la primera mitad de su reinado, y compararlo con aquellos aspectos de su intervención que fueron criticados en el contexto de la guerra civil castellana (1465-1468. El objetivo es comprobar si la propaganda se ajustó a la realidad y, en caso contrario, cuáles eran las metas que sus impulsores pretendían al- canzar a través de ella. In this paper we will analyse Henry IV of Castile's intervention in episcopal elections during the rst half of his reign, and compare it with those aspects of his intervention that were afterwards criticised in the context of the Castilian civil war (1465-1468. Our aim is to check whether propaganda had any correspondence to real events and, if otherwise, what goals did its promoters try to achieve by using it.

  13. Análise bioética da propaganda e publicidade de medicamentos Bioethical analysis of drugs advertisement and publicity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria José Delgado Fagundes

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Sob a perspectiva da "ética da proteção" e da "bioética de intervenção", a pesquisa analisa a influência das peças publicitárias de medicamentos veiculadas à classe médica na prescrição de medicamentos. Estuda, ainda, a qualidade das informações nas propagandas de medicamentos de venda sob prescrição, antes e depois da Resolução da Diretoria Colegiada da Anvisa - RDC 102/2000, que regulamenta a propaganda de medicamentos no país, bem como discute o papel regulador do Estado na área. Primeiramente, foram entrevistados 50 médicos de Brasília, a fim de examinar como percebem os efeitos da propaganda sobre sua atividade profissional. Em seguida, foram avaliadas 10 peças publicitárias, 5 veiculadas antes e 5 depois da RDC 102/2000. Os resultados permitiram concluir que: a 98% dos médicos recebem visitas regulares de representantes comerciais; b 86% recebem brindes; c 68% crêem na influência direta da propaganda sobre a prescrição; d 14% disseram prescrever medicamentos em função do recebimento de prêmios; e 68% acreditam existir inverdades nas informações das peças publicitárias; f antes da RDC, as informações (contra-indicações, indicações, precauções, cuidados e advertência nas propagandas representava 28% dos casos; após a RDC, foram encontradas informações em 79% dos casos.This study investigates how advertising campaigns for drugs influence drug prescription practices among physicians from a point of view of "protection ethics" and of "intervention bioethics". It also analyzes information quality in advertisements for prescription drugs before and after the ANVISA (National Agency for Sanitary Protection RDC 102/200 Resolution wich regulates drugs advertising as well as discusses the regulating role of the state in this area. A first approach was to interview 50 physicians in Brasília/DF (25 general physicians and 25 surgeons in order to examine how they perceive the effects of advertisement on

  14. Çanakkale Muharebeleri Sırasında Basının Propaganda Aracı Olarak Kullanılması: Harp Mecmuası Örneği

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cafer Ulu

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Propaganda is a practice that is used by many states for manipulating the public opinion. The party of Union and Progress used this practice as well. For this purpose, they issued a journal by the favour of government with the name War Journal for engaging in propaganda activities during the First World War. They used photographs and visual materials intensively in their propaganda activities. Hundreds of photographs including especially the victories achieved in the Çanakkale (Gallipoli Front, captured soldiers, grabbed weapons etc. and tens of articles written in such subjects were published in this journal. In the publications of War Journal, the subjects reflecting the heroic feelings of people came up, such as motherland, nation, flag, heroism, self sacrifice and the virtues of martyrdom. All these works were done for elevating the soldiers fighting in fronts and the people waiting for soldiers to come back. Even it seems sympathetic as substance at first sight; the publications were only composed of unreal and deceptive propagandas.

  15. Auto Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to Talk to Your Child About the News Gun Safety Too Late for the Flu Vaccine? Eating ... many local health departments, public safety groups, hospitals, law enforcement agencies, and fire departments have technicians or ...

  16. Water Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... School Counselors Kidney Stones Brain and Nervous System Water Safety KidsHealth > For Teens > Water Safety Print A ... tied to alcohol use. previous continue At the Water Park OK, so you do more splashing than ...

  17. Safety Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Swan Lake National Wildlife Refuge Safety Plan discusses policies for the safety of the station employees, volunteers, and public. This plan seeks to identify...

  18. Water Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Staying Safe Videos for Educators Search English Español Water Safety KidsHealth / For Parents / Water Safety What's in ... remains your best measure of protection. Making Kids Water Wise It's important to teach your kids proper ...

  19. Fire safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert H. White; Mark A. Dietenberger

    1999-01-01

    Fire safety is an important concern in all types of construction. The high level of national concern for fire safety is reflected in limitations and design requirements in building codes. These code requirements are discussed in the context of fire safety design and evaluation in the initial section of this chapter. Since basic data on fire behavior of wood products...

  20. Propaganda-contrapropaganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fran Matera

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este trabajo es describir cómo tres diferentes órganos de comunicación en Cuba, han cubierto el problema del SIDA, entre 1985 y 1987: Radio Martí, la estación subvencionada por el gobierno de los Estados Unidos, que transmite desde Miami para Cuba, Radio Rebelde y el periódico Ganma, medios oficiales del Gobierno de Fidel Castro.

  1. A PROPAGANDA MEDIADA PELOS PRÓPRIOS USUÁRIOS DENTRO DE FÓRUNS VIRTUAIS: FÓRUM CARROS DE RUA

    OpenAIRE

    Wypych, Patrícia Regina

    2011-01-01

    O presente trabalho tem como objetivo abordar a propaganda mediada pelos próprios usuários dentro da plataforma online, através da análise do Fórum Carros de Rua , com a finalidade de perceber a importância da comunicação entre usuários e a credibilidade que esses sujeitos dão para outros usuários presentes no mesmo fórum virtual, por meio da interação mediada pelo computador. Para este estudo foram utilizadas referências como Ong, Lévy, Lemos, Primo, Jenkins, Castells, Santaella, Recuero en...

  2. Educação ambiental na escola: a perspectiva estudantil sobre o meio ambiente e a propaganda ambiental na internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Reis de Pinho Tavares

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho visa mostrar as idéias dos estudantes sobre um tema - a propaganda - refletindo como ela se insere na questão ambiental. Também abordamos como os alunos percebem questões como as relações, empresa, meio ambiente e sociedade. Foi realizado em uma oficina de Educação Ambiental, em uma escola particular de Lagoa Santa - MG, durante os meses de junho e julho de 2004. Analisaram-se sites de diversas empresas e ONG's (Organizações Não Governamentais. Em sua maioria os estudantes conseguiram posicionar-se criticamente em relação às entidades investigadas.

  3. O cartaz como arma de propaganda : a literacia visual histórica de alunos de 9º ano de escolaridade

    OpenAIRE

    Cunha, Angelina Maria Lopes da

    2009-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado em Educação (área de especialização em Supervisão Pedagógica em Ensino da História e Ciências Sociais) O presente estudo que se insere no domínio da Educação Histórica, é de natureza qualitativa e descritiva, e pretende analisar o tipo de leitura e interpretação de cartazes de propaganda política feita por alunos na sala de aula. Pretendemos encontrar respostas à seguinte pergunta de investigação: - Que estratégias cognitivas os alunos mobilizam para o r...

  4. [The Revista médica de Hamburgo. A medical journal as an instrument of German foreign cultural propaganda during the Weimar Republic].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wulf, Stefan

    2013-01-01

    After the First World War, foreign cultural policy became one of the few fields in which Germany could act relatively free from the restrictions of the Treaty of Versailles. In this context, in 1920 the Hamburg doctors Brauer, Nocht and Mühlens created a monthly medical journal in Spanish (and a bit of Portuguese) for use as an instrument of cultural propaganda, i.e. to increase German influence in Spain and, more importantly, in the countries of Latin America: the Revista médica de Hamburgo (since 1928 Revista médica germano-ibero-americana). The focus of the article is on the protagonists of the Revista project, i.e. the Hamburg doctors, the Cultural Department of the Foreign Office in Berlin, the German pharmaceutical industry, and the publishing houses involved: their conceptions and actions; their correspondence, negotiations, agreements and controversies.

  5. Avaliação da propaganda de medicamentos veiculada em emissoras de rádio Evaluation of medication advertising broadcast on radio stations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almária Mariz Batista

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar propagandas de medicamentos veiculadas em emissoras de rádio em Natal (RN, Brasil, nos períodos de abril a setembro de 2008 e abril a setembro de 2010. As propagandas foram captadas, gravadas e transcritas para se efetuar uma análise legal e uma de conteúdo baseada nos preceitos de Laurence Bardin. Tanto as captadas no primeiro período (sob égide da RDC 102/00, quanto às do segundo (sob égide da RDC 96/08, apresentaram algum tipo de infração legal. A análise de conteúdo detectou, em ambos os períodos, praticamente os mesmos vícios como ausência de informações negativas sobre o medicamento, apelo ao consumo, exaltação da eficiência/eficácia e exploração abusiva de enfermidades. Apesar da mudança para uma legislação mais moderna e mais restritiva, as propagandas de medicamentos, no rádio, continuam a infringir frontalmente a legislação, cometendo abusos e desrespeitando o direito à saúde da população. O estudo aponta para a necessidade do tema propaganda de medicamentos ser tratado em um contexto mais amplo, ou seja, discutido como questão de saúde pública, considerando-se o cenário histórico-social em que se desenvolveu, uma vez que só a legislação não é suficiente para coibir abusos praticados em detrimento da saúde pública.The scope of this paper was to evaluate advertising for medication broadcast on radio stations in Natal, State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, from April to September 2008 and from April to September 2010. The advertising was recorded and transcribed in order to conduct legal analysis and content analysis based on the precepts of Laurence Bardin. Both the advertising recorded during the first stage (regulated by RDC 102/00 and the second stage (regulated by RDC 96/08 contained some form of legal violation. Content analysis detected practically the same violations in both stages, namely the lack of information regarding adverse effects of the

  6. Entre information et propagande : la Grèce dans la presse britannique et française pendant la Première Guerre mondiale Between Information and Propaganda: Greece in the British and French Press during World War I

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Elli Lemonidou

    2009-01-01

    .... First, we examine the role of the official bodies responsible for propaganda, the Ministry of Information in Great Britain and the Maison de la presse in France, and the role of the censorship imposed on the press...

  7. O poder da linguagem persuasiva na mídia: uma reflexão da propaganda de carros em revistas femininas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiane Olinda Perinazzo Ceconi Signor

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho aborda o poder da linguagem persuasiva na mídia e propõe fazer uma reflexão da  propaganda de carros em revistas femininas. Objetiva  averiguar e compreender como a mídia através da linguagem  publicitária  utilizando-se dos recursos expressivos, estéticos, apelativos e criativos, manipula e convence o leitor na aquisição do produto oferecido/veiculado, no caso específico desta análise, o carro utilitário considerando um item  que a maioria das famílias almeja. Com o intuito de compreender o  objeto desta análise, na fundamentação teórica,  serão abordados dentre outros  autores  Eni  Puccinelli Orlandi na  área de  Análise do Discurso e Adilson Citelli na Linguagem e Persuasão. A pesquisa utiliza-se de imagens de carros, veiculadas em revistas, descrevendo a forma como a mídia  utiliza-se da linguagem verbal e não verbal, as formulações selecionadas por cada marca, a disposição na página e as especificidades dirigidas ao público feminino.Palavras-chave: linguagem; Análise de Discurso; publicidade; propaganda; revistas femininas 

  8. Safety Training: Basic safety courses

    CERN Document Server

    Laetitia Laddada

    2004-01-01

    Safety Training: Basic safety courses Due to the 50th anniversary events, basic safety courses are cancelled  during  week 43. We remind that in general, courses take place each Tuesday morning in French and Tuesday afternoon in English in Bdg.65-1-003. The duration of the course is 1h30. There are two half day sessions: 9 a.m. and 11 a.m. in French, and 2 p.m. and 4 p.m. in English. Thanks for your  understanding.  SC-DI FORMATION EN SECURITE SAFETY TRAINING Laetitia Laddada 73811 - 79236 safety.training@cern.ch

  9. Propaganda e crítica social nas cronologias dos almanaques astrológicos durante a Guerra Civil inglesa no século XVII Propaganda and social criticism in the chronologies of the astrological almanacs during the English Civil War in 17 th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Mesquita Hidalgo Ferreira

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é parte de uma ampla investigação sobre a utilização dos almanaques astrológicos durante a Guerra Civil inglesa no século XVII como veículo de propaganda e crítica social. Durante esse conflito, havia astrólogos partidários das forças parlamentaristas, como John Booker, e outros partidários das forças realistas, como George Wharton. O presente trabalho analisa algumas dessas publicações, mostrando como o envolvimento político dos autores se manifestava de forma explícita (e, algumas vezes, não tão direta nos referidos almanaques.This article is part of an extensive investigation carried out concerning the use of astrological almanacs during the English Civil War in the 17th century as a medium for propaganda and social criticism. During that conflict there were astrologers who were partisans of the Parliament, such as John Booker, and other who supported the King, such as George Wharton. This work analyses some of those publications, showing that the political commitment of the authors was noticeable in an explicit form (and sometimes in an indirect way in those almanacs.

  10. Safety; Avertissement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This annual report of the Senior Inspector for the Nuclear Safety, analyses the nuclear safety at EDF for the year 1999 and proposes twelve subjects of consideration to progress. Five technical documents are also provided and discussed concerning the nuclear power plants maintenance and safety (thermal fatigue, vibration fatigue, assisted control and instrumentation of the N4 bearing, 1300 MW reactors containment and time of life of power plants). (A.L.B.)

  11. Visit safety

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    Experiment areas, offices, workshops: it is possible to have co-workers or friends visit these places.     You already know about the official visits service, the VIP office, and professional visits. But do you know about the safety instruction GSI-OHS1, “Visits on the CERN site”? This is a mandatory General Safety Instruction that was created to assist you in ensuring safety for all your visits, whatever their nature—especially those that are non-official. Questions? The HSE Unit will be happy to answer them. Write to safety-general@cern.ch.   The HSE Unit

  12. Qué se puede y qué no con la propaganda política: modificaciones normativas en la reforma político-electoral de 2014 a nivel federal y en el Estado de México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina Alejandra Nieto-Manzano

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se describe el marco normativo que regula al modelo de comunicación política y a la propaganda para la ejecución de las campañas electorales mexiquenses; además, se advierten los avances y los vacíos al respecto. Para efectuar lo dicho, el análisis está estructurado en cinco apartados: en el primero se abordan las nociones conceptuales sobre propaganda y campañas electorales que se utilizan a lo largo del documento; en el segundo se explora el contexto de las últimas reformas político-electorales en el país, para ubicar a la de 2014 en un marco histórico-político; en el tercero se examinan las incorporaciones más importantes de la reforma, además se sintetiza lo que está permitido y lo que está prohibido para las campañas comiciales de acuerdo con las disposiciones federales y estatales, así como con jurisprudencias, tesis y criterios en la materia; en el cuarto se efectúa una reflexión sobre la importancia de la propaganda en las campañas electorales locales y los pendientes de la reforma, y, por último, en el quinto se presentan las consideraciones finales, dejando al descubierto lo que podría venir para la regulación a la propaganda, es decir, potenciales escenarios no previstos por los legisladores y las autoridades electorales. / This work describes the regulatory framework that govern the political communication model and the propaganda for the electoral campaigns in the State of Mexico. It also presents the progress and missing points in the matter. In order to do this, the analysis is structured in five sections: in the first one we present the conceptual notions about propaganda and electoral campaigns that will be used throughout the document. In the second, the context of the last political and electoral reforms in the country is explored, in order to locate the one from 2014 in a historical and political framework. In the third section the most important additions are examined and we present

  13. «Tudo pela nação, nada contra a nação»; Salazar, the creation of the Department of National Propaganda and Censorship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Pena Rodríguez

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The Secretariado de Propaganda Nacional (SPN of the Portuguese dictatorship is essential in order to understand how the Salazarist Estado Novo in Portugal was conceived and consolidated. Its role as an instrument of propaganda used to spread the regime’s political ideas, based on the socalled «politics of spirit», had an extraordinary influence on the control of the public opinion and the Portuguese media, which suffered an ironclad censorship that had a very negative effect on freedom of speech and the press. In this article we approach the main elements of the strategy, its structure and the SPN organization in the 30’s, based on several documental sources that provide insightful data on the Portuguese fascist regime.

  14. Esport e propaganda política: um estudo comparado dos governos de Vargas (1930-1945 e Perón (1946-1955 Deporte y propaganda política: un estudio comparado de los gobiernos de Vargas (1930-1945 Y Perón (1946-1955 = Sports and political propagand:a comparative study of the Vargas Government (1930-1945 and Peron (1946-1955

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Andrade de Melo

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo analisar a utilização do esporte como instrumento político durante e primeira Era Vargas, no Brasil, e durante os dois primeiros mandatos de Juan Domingo Perón, na Argentina. Tanto Vargas como Perón buscavam identificar o regime político com as vitórias obtidas no campo esportivo. Desta forma, o controle estatal sobre o esporte e sua utilização pelos meios de propaganda política visavam criar um elo de identificação nacional entre o esporte e os governos, ressaltando os novos modelos de nação e cidadãos engendrados pelo varguismo e pelo peronismo. Pretendeuse também analisar as diferenças na abordagem de cada governo sobre o esporte e seus modelos de intervenção na estrutura política interna do esporte. Esperase que este trabalho possa trazer contribuições significativas para o debate sobre a produção de um ideário político através do esporte, assim como sobre o processo de formação de identidades nacionais na América Latina, mais especificamente no Brasil e na Argentina.Este artículo tiene por objetivo analizarla utilización del deporte como instrumento político durante la primera etapa Vargas, en Brasil, y durante los dos primeros mandatos de Juan Domingo Perón, en Argentina. Tanto Vargas como Perón buscaban identificar su régimen político con las victorias obtenidas en los campos de deporte. De esta forma, el control estatal sobre el deporte y su utilización por los medios de propaganda política reafirmaban la identificación nacional entre el deporte y los gobiernos, resaltando los nuevos modelos de nación y ciudadanos creados por el varguismo y el peronismo. Se pretende también analizar las diferencias en la forma en que cada gobierno abordó el deporte y sus modelos de intervención en la estructura política interna del mismo. Se espera que este trabajo aporte contribuciones significativas para el debate sobre la producción de un ideario político a través del deporte

  15. J. B. Priestley, artiste de propagande à la radio : au service de quelles idées ? The 1940 Postscripts: Government Propaganda vs. Priestley’s Political and Philosophical Ideology?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cécile Vallée

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available J.B Priestley’s Sunday Postscript, broadcast on the Home Service of the BBC every Sunday evening from June to October 1940, was one of the major propaganda programmes of the period. Priestley’s adeptness at putting government propaganda into broadcasting terms and sustaining morale on the Home Front was paradoxically accompanied by a controversial political “indiscipline”. His galvanising propaganda consisted in praising the qualities of the ordinary citizen, painting an idealised picture of the “soldiers” on the home Front and of their fight, in promoting the values for which they were fighting and, at the same time, demonising the Nazi enemy, but it sometimes verged on subversive political ideology. His obvious attempts at propagating the vision of a New Jerusalem with its socialist innuendoes were judged as going against the war effort and against national unity. Indeed, the fight against capitalism and the creation of a new world order were not exactly part of the government’s agenda. Notwithstanding, there is another, more philosophical, dimension to Priestley’s 1940 Postscripts which must not be neglected: that of the beauty of the English countryside, and the wonder such beauty should inspire. The Postscripts are also a eulogy to humour, joy, and human relationships, as well as to the community spirit and the continuity of English history, a eulogy to art and knowledge, philosophy and humanities, and, last but not least, to poetry and the power of emotions. Priestley’s artful mixture of poetical and political fervour was an undeniable source of inspiration for the listeners of 1940 and his Postscripts remain to this day in people’s hearts and minds. In the following pages we shall try to analyse their contents, with a view to making a distinction between what is clearly government propaganda and what is Priestley’s own philosophy of life and ideology.

  16. Vicente Fox presidential campaing and the model of propaganda in political communication La campaña presidencial de Vicente Fox y el modelo propagandista de comunicación política

    OpenAIRE

    Adriana BORJAS BENAVENTE

    2010-01-01

    The characteristics of political communication identified by Dominque Wolton can be used to analyse the electoral process of 1988 in Mexico, as public opinion and opinion began to emerge through the exchange between legitimate political actors. The main features of this exchange emerged and were consolidated during the 2000 presidential election campaign, coinciding with the typology developed by Gilles Achache regarding a model of propaganda. The objectives of the paper are to examine the el...

  17. Soviet News and Propaganda Analysis Based on RED STAR (The Official Newspaper of the Soviet Defense Establishment for the Period 1-30 April 1984, Volume 4, Number 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    credibility and authority. -32- -A. -. ." -:6 * The Soviet armed forces must carry on the traditions of heroism and loyalty characterized by the...military forces of World War II and the Russian Revolution. Officers and enlisted men must learn and carry on " the traditions of their units. World War II...veterans must teach the traditions to the new generation. . -33- 4.-:’ * -, .l. ~~~. .**-* 4 f. . APPENDIX A A Selection of Propaganda Cartoons

  18. Una revolución de papel. Fuentes para una historia de la comunicación obrera a través de la propaganda impresa del Sindicato Minero de Riotinto (1913-1920

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Baena Sánchez

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo toma como ejemplo la propaganda impresa que, a comienzos del siglo XX, el Sindicato Minero de Riotinto desarrolló en su lucha contra la Compañía británica en la provincia de Huelva. Así, en su afán por delimitar las fuentes para hacer historia de la comunicación obrera, estudia los diferentes medios –diarios de huelga y pasquines– que integraron la actividad propagandística de la organización obrera y sirvieron para construir una conciencia de clase. This paper focuses the printed propaganda that, at the beginning of the 20 century, the Mining Trade Union of Riotinto developed fighting against the British Company in Huelva. So, to delimit the sources to make a history of working-class communication, it studies the different media – daily strike and radical separates– that composed the working-class propaganda and made a conscience of class. th

  19. Fondements du discours propagandiste arabe de la Grande-Bretagne au Maghreb pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale (1939-1943 The Foundations of British Arabic Propaganda Speech in North Africa during World War II (1939-1943

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fayçal Cherif

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The Second World War’s ramifications and the landing of the Anglo-Americans in North Africa (Torch brought out the antagonism between the powers of the Axis and the Allies. Apart from the military war, a second war including more horrible and complex elements than weapons had been declared by the different rival camps: the propaganda in the Arabic language initiated at the beginning by Germany and Italy and soon developed by Great Britain too (from 1939. It was an efficient and fearsome weapon to control the spirit of the Arab people’s opinion in general, especially that of the Maghrebians, who were often hostile to the British and French colonial policies in their regions. Certainly, radio programmes were preponderant as they were easily accessible but newspapers and leaflets were also used a lot in this psychological war. The subtleties and the impact of this British propaganda will be the subject of research. This article explains the mechanism, the structures, the aims and finally the impact of British propaganda in the Arabic language in North Africa between September 1939 and May 1943.

  20. Novas regras e velhos desafios na regulação da propaganda de medicamentos New rules and old challenges in the regulation of drug advertising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Célia Borges Lucena

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar o processo de regulamentação da propaganda de medicamentos pela Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (Anvisa ocorrido em 2008 e identificar os seus resultados quanto ao modelo regulador nessa área de atuação. Foram analisadas as mudanças ocorridas em 2008, com a publicação da RDC nº 96/2008, a partir de três fontes de dados. A primeira foi a análise comparativa com a normativa anterior, a RDC nº 102/2000. Em seguida, as mudanças foram relacionadas a dois documentos técnicos, de escopos diferentes: os Critérios Éticos para a Promoção de Medicamentos da Organização Mundial de Saúde, de alcance mundial; e a Contribuição ao Debate e Proposições à Consulta Pública 84/2005, de âmbito nacional, da Anvisa, relativa à propaganda de medicamentos no Brasil. A análise de onze mudanças de conteúdo na ordenação legal estabelecida pela RDC nº 96/2008 aponta para uma maior proximidade com os Critérios Éticos para a Promoção de Medicamentos da Organização Mundial de Saúde, mas um claro distanciamento de proposições para a alteração do modelo regulador atualmente estabelecido. Concluiu-se que a adoção de medidas que alterem o modelo regulador nesse campo de atuação, o da regulação da propaganda de medicamentos, requer mudanças mais substanciais no modelo de gestão e da ação regulatória da Anvisa, especialmente quanto ao seu papel de regulação social.This study aimed to analyze the process of regulation of drug advertising by ANVISA (National Health Surveillance Agency in 2008 and to identify its results on the regulatory model in this area. We analyzed the changes in 2008 with the publication of RDC No. 96/2008, based on three data sources. The first was a comparative analysis with the previous rules, the RDC No. 102/2000. Then, the changes were related to two technical papers in different scopes: the Ethical Criteria for Drug Promotion of the World Health

  1. A propaganda de medicamentos em escola de medicina do Sul do Brasil Drug advertisement in a medicine school in the Southern of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daisson José Trevisol

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta um estudo qualiquantitativo sobre propaganda de medicamentos em escola de medicina do Sul do Brasil. Participaram da pesquisa estudantes de medicina, professores médicos e pacientes dos ambulatórios da escola, totalizando 1.231 entrevistas. A pesquisa qualitativa foi realizada por meio de técnica de grupo focal, e a quantitativa pela aplicação de questionário. Entre os professores médicos, 53,6% consideraram que nunca ou raramente são influenciados pela indústria farmacêutica, e 53,7% afirmaram acreditar que os colegas profissionais o são. Entre os estudantes, 43,2% acreditam que, no futuro, como médicos graduados, raramente ou nunca serão influenciados, mas 42,0% acreditam que os médicos são sempre ou frequentemente influenciados. Para 41,7% deles, as informações dos representantes da indústria farmacêutica são boas ou ótimas; 74,8% relataram que a indústria farmacêutica poderá contribuir para sua prática profissional. A distribuição de brindes e amostras grátis está entre as principais técnicas de abordagem. Há pressão do preceptor na escolha do medicamento a ser prescrito, e apesar de não ter sido observada repercussão direta da influência da indústria farmacêutica nos ambulatórios da escola, a forma como se escolhem os medicamentos a serem prescritos não é, de modo geral, racional.This is a quali-quantitative study on drug advertisement in a Medicine school in Santa Catarina state. Participants were medicine students, faculty physicians and patients of school ambulatories, totaling 1,231 interviewees. The focal group technique was used to the qualitative research; the quantitative research with a semistructured questionnaire. 53.6% of the faculty physicians considered they were rarely or never influenced by the propaganda, and 53.7% claimed their colleagues are. Among the students, 43.2% believe that, after graduated, they will rarely or never be influenced; while 42.0% believe

  2. Didysis propagandos subjektas: pokomunistinių autobiografijų pėdsakais. Great Subject of Propaganda: by the Traces of Post-communist Autobiographies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gintautas Mažeikis

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to analysis of description of propaganda subject in general and in the Soviet Lithuanian literature particularly. Propaganda sub­ject doesnt depend only on the procedure of discour­sive interpellation as it was in L. Althusser theories. The article shows how much important was social-body experiences and social-political body activities upon the examples of communist identity history in Soviet Union. For this reason the notions of sym­bolic sphere (J. Lotman, semiosis (U. Eco, dis­coursive order (M. Foucault and symbolical worlds (J. Lacan are separated and compared. Contempo­rary theories of psychoanalytic philosophy show meta-literary origin of politically important literary works and semiosis. It means that the sense of sen­tences of novels and poems were red and understood in dependency of heroic biography of writer, on the correspondent to the contemporary political and ma­terial life of political party and changes of political language. Participation in the revolutionary activity, class war, buildings of Soviet reality, II World Wars battles, postwar struggles, resistance to the Post-soviet reevaluation of all values, proletarian origin, sweat and blood were non-literal signs for the trust to literary work. The article shows that literary works of trusted writers were a collective creation and they were a collective semiosis. On the example of Lithu­anian poet E. Mieželaitis collective improvement of poems are discussed. The other step in the develop­ment of soviet semiosis and symbolical world goes in the modern independent Lithuania. It is developed in autobiographes of soviet writers and soviet cul­tural leaders. Post-soviet considerations about “Non lost generation” of one of former communist leader L. Šepetys are analyzed in the article.Post-soviet biographies and popularity of the ones are evidence of stability of soviet symbolical world with their social body practices and reading / writing

  3. Nuclear Safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silver, E G [ed.

    1989-01-01

    This document is a review journal that covers significant developments in the field of nuclear safety. Its scope includes the analysis and control of hazards associated with nuclear energy, operations involving fissionable materials, and the products of nuclear fission and their effects on the environment. Primary emphasis is on safety in reactor design, construction, and operation; however, the safety aspects of the entire fuel cycle, including fuel fabrication, spent-fuel processing, nuclear waste disposal, handling of radioisotopes, and environmental effects of these operations, are also treated.

  4. Vaccine Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Search Form Controls Cancel Submit Search The CDC Vaccine Safety Note: Javascript is disabled or is not ... CDC.gov . Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System (VAERS) New website and ...

  5. Food safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poor food safety practices can lead to foodborne illness. Symptoms of foodborne illnesses vary. They usually include stomach problems or stomach upset. Foodborne illnesses may be severe and fatal. Young children, older ...

  6. Robots' Safety

    OpenAIRE

    Pirttilahti, Juho

    2016-01-01

    Human-robot-collaboration is considered one of the answers to the flexible needs of more and more customizing manufacturing. Its purpose is to fit together the best qualities of both human and robots to reduce the cost and time of manufacturing. One of the key questions in this area is safety. The purpose of this thesis was to define the required safety functionality of cartesian, delta and articulated robots based on the current machine needs. Using the future robotic concepts investigat...

  7. Safety first!

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Among the many duties I assumed at the beginning of the year was the ultimate responsibility for Safety at CERN: the responsibility for the physical safety of the personnel, the responsibility for the safe operation of the facilities, and the responsibility to ensure that CERN acts in accordance with the highest standards of radiation and environmental protection.   The Safety Policy document drawn up in September 2014 is an excellent basis for the implementation of Safety in all areas of CERN’s work. I am happy to commit during my mandate to help meet its objectives, not least by ensuring the Organization makes available the necessary means to achieve its Safety objectives. One of the main objectives of the HSE (Occupational Health and Safety and Environmental Protection) unit in the coming months is to enhance the measures to minimise CERN’s impact on the environment. I believe CERN should become a role model for an environmentally-aware scientific research laboratory. Risk ...

  8. Interlopers at the Fringes of Empire: The Procurators of the Propaganda Fide Papal Congregation in Canton and Macao, 1700-1823

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenio Menegon

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The office of the procurator of the papal Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith (Sacra Congregatio de Propaganda Fide offers a unique case study of noncommercial interloping in the long eighteenth century in the Pearl River Delta, and reveals the complexity and fluidity of life at the intersection of Asian and European maritime environments in that special human ecosystem. The oceanic infrastructure of the Age of Sail and the Sino-Western trade system in Canton sustained the Catholic missionary enterprise in Asia, and the professional figure of the procurator represented its economic and political linchpin. Procurators were agents connected with both European and Qing imperial formations, yet not directly at their service. They utilized existing maritime trade networks to their own advantage without being integral parts of those networks’ economic mechanisms. All the while, they subverted Qing prohibitions against Christianity. Using sources preserved in Rome, this article offers new insights into the global mechanisms of trade, communication, and religious exchange embodied by the procurators-interlopers and their networks, with significant implications for the history of the Sino-Western trade system, Qing policies toward the West and Christianity, and the history of Asian Catholic missions.

  9. As funções dos tipos textuais no interior do gênero discurso de propaganda The functions of the textual types in the gender advertising speech

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waldivia Maria de Jesus

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo propõe refletir acerca do ensino de leitura e escrita pela abordagem de gêneros, com foco nas funções que os tipos textuais desempenham no interior do gênero discurso de propaganda. Reflete-se sobre problemas que envolvem a conceitualização de gênero textual / gênero de discurso, tipos textuais / formas textuais, com ênfase na definição de gênero mais adequada ao ensino. O corpus desses estudos constitui-se de uma peça publicitária veiculada no jornal Folha de S. Paulo. E as reflexões se ancoram no Funcionalismo (HALLIDAY, 1985, na Semântica Pragmática (VAN DIJK, 1978 e na Análise do Discurso (MAINGUENEAU, 2002.This article proposes a reflection about the teaching of reading and writing on the genre approach, focusing on the function that textual types play within the genre advertising discourse. It reflects on issues surrounding the conceptualization of textual genre / discourse genre, textual types / textual forms, observing the most appropriate definition of genre to teach mother language. The studied corpus is constituted by an advertising piece published in Folha de S. Paulo. And the reflections rest on the Functionalism (HALLIDAY, 1985, on the Semantic Pragmatic (VAN DIJK, 1979, on the Discourse Analysis (MAINGUENEAU, 2002.

  10. Estratégias de campanha no horário gratuito de propaganda eleitoral em eleições proporcionais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schmitt Rogério

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The article contends that Brazil?s "Horário Gratuito de Propaganda Eleitoral" (under which parties are granted free airtime for political campaign advertisements can be contrasted with the Brazilian electoral system?s tendency to produce purely individualistic legislative campaigns. The central hypothesis is that the way in which Brazilian political parties organize their candidates? participation in these time slots has substantial consequences both for their public image as well as for their poll performance. The first section of the article defines the more general characteristics of political representation in Brazil within the framework of traditional political science interpretations. The second section underscores the growing importance of studies on election campaigns and party presence in the media. Within this context, the evolution of the HGPE?s historical importance as a campaign space is examined. The third section presents our model of analysis of the HGPE, highlighting its effects on relations between parties, on the one hand, and their candidates and potential voters, on the other. Rio de Janeiro?s proportional elections of 1994 and 1996 are taken as a case study. The article concludes that the HGPE acts as a tool for informally ranking party lists in Brazil.

  11. La ciudad de las bombas: El anarquismo y la "propaganda por el hecho" en la Buenos Aires de los años veinte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Anapios

    Full Text Available El presente artículo se propone analizar las prácticas y representaciones del breve pero intenso ciclo de la "deriva violenta" del anarquismo entre fines de la década del veinte y comienzos de la del treinta, en la ciudad de Buenos Aires. Durante este período un sector del movimiento anarquista local pasó a la acción a través de una serie de repertorios que los acercaba tanto al difuso universo del delito común como a explícitos atentados a sitios simbólicos y objetivos civiles. La "propaganda por el hecho" y las "expropiaciones" como formas de financiamiento no solo tuvieron impacto en la prensa comercial sino que reabrieron una serie de debates internos presentes en el anarquismo desde fines del siglo XIX y reactualizados al calor de los conflictos y tensiones que atravesaba el movimiento en el contexto de los años veinte

  12. Influências da Preocupação Ambiental e do Ceticismo frente à Propaganda no Consumo de Produtos Verdes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dirceu da Silva

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo analisar a influência do ceticismo e da preocupação ambiental na percepção do indivíduo para a intenção de compra e compra declarada de produtos verdes no varejo, foi realizado um survey com 1233 consumidores para observar este efeito na relação entre intenção e compra declarada de produtos verdes e entender a disposição do consumidor em transformar sua preocupação ambiental e sua confiança no apelo verde do produto em prática. Como resultado, foi observado que o consumidor leva mais em consideração a sua rotina de compra e a sua experiência passada do que a preocupação ambiental e a influência de propagandas com apelo verde. Sendo assim, o consumo de produtos verdes no varejo precisa de mecanismos voltados para a mudança de habito e quebra de paradigmas (consumidor e varejista.

  13. PROTESTANTISMO, POLÍTICA E EDUCAÇÃO NO BRASIL: A PROPAGANDA DO PROGRESSO E DA MODERNIZAÇÃO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Ellen Santos Seixas

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Repensando as estratégias de consolidação do Protestantismo no Brasil, este artigo tem por objetivo identificar alguns dos principais setores da sociedade oitocentista que foram alvos de investidas de grupos proselitistas, enfatizando a importância de personagens que, ainda na primeira metade do século XIX, antes de começar a "pregar", se esmeraram em garantir condições mínimas de sobrevida jurídica e institucional para os missionários que chegariam nas décadas seguintes. A princípio, tratarei da construção da relação direta entre protestantismo e progresso, uma propaganda política que conseguiu adeptos importantes; num segundo momento, mostrarei como as deficiências educacionais do Brasil, foram tomadas como um problema que poderia ser suprido pelas iniciativas protestantes; e, por fim, como a educação feminina esteve presente no periódico protestante de maior circulação, mostrando as mulheres como parte fundamental do processo de modernização e moralização do Brasil.

  14. SAFETY INSTRUCTION AND SAFETY NOTE

    CERN Multimedia

    TIS Secretariat

    2002-01-01

    Please note that the SAFETY INSTRUCTION N0 49 (IS 49) and the SAFETY NOTE N0 28 (NS 28) entitled respectively 'AVOIDING CHEMICAL POLLUTION OF WATER' and 'CERN EXHIBITIONS - FIRE PRECAUTIONS' are available on the web at the following urls: http://edms.cern.ch/document/335814 and http://edms.cern.ch/document/335861 Paper copies can also be obtained from the TIS Divisional Secretariat, email: TIS.Secretariat@cern.ch

  15. System safety education focused on flight safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holt, E.

    1971-01-01

    The measures necessary for achieving higher levels of system safety are analyzed with an eye toward maintaining the combat capability of the Air Force. Several education courses were provided for personnel involved in safety management. Data include: (1) Flight Safety Officer Course, (2) Advanced Safety Program Management, (3) Fundamentals of System Safety, and (4) Quantitative Methods of Safety Analysis.

  16. Playground Safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sipes, James L.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the issues of risk, liability, and fun when landscaping playgrounds with safety in mind. The importance of playground surfaces and several preventive measures landscapers can use to reduce the risk of injury are discussed. Concluding comments address playground design features and liability. (GR)

  17. Safety Resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoot, James L.; Bartkowiak, Elaine T.

    1994-01-01

    Lists 72 organizations and programs that deal with child safety, grouped by the following categories: (1) general; (2) general violence; (3) gun violence; (4) media violence; (5) drugs and alcohol; (6) child abuse and at-risk children; (7) parenting programs; (8) community service programs; (9) leadership programs; (10) peer counseling; (11)…

  18. Patient safety

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    medical error and patient harm. The patient safety movement is now 13 years old, led by the publication of the US. Institute of Medicine (IOM) Report To Err is Human.1 The basic premise at the time was that annually up to 98 000 Americans were estimated to have died because of medical error (although this calculation.

  19. Los aureus y denarius emitidos por Lucio Vero entre los años 160 al 169: propaganda, Historia y documentación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio GARZÓN BLANCO

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Lucio Vero, hijo de Elio, un oscuro y tempranamente fallecido primer sucesor de Adriano, parece destinado, desde un primer momento, a ocupar un papel secundario en el gobierno conjunto con Marco Aurelio. La Historia Augusta lo presenta como un personaje despreocupado, con una vida relajada y placentera, frente a la severidad y austeridad de Marco Aurelio; actualmente, parece que los hechos no se ajustan a esta descripción como han demostrado P. Lambrechts y otros autores modernos. Sus acuñaciones numismáticas, más cortas que las de su colega en el Imperio al haber muerto prematuramente, presentan en general los patrones de las emisiones de Marco Aurelio, y también ciertas originalidades entre las que destacarían algunos rasgos de la personalidad y de las actuaciones de Lucio Vero, por lo cual merece la pena su estudio, aunque solo sea por aclarar aspectos poco nítidos de la política general de finales del siglo II.ABSTRACT: This word es trying to investigate in important aspects the imperial roman propaganda through numismatics. The second century D.C. has been called with every right «The Golden Age of the Antoninos»; indeed, during this century a unique class emerges in Universal History: That of Philosopher emperors or friends of the philosophers, their activities during their mandates were always governed by the principle of philosophical humanism. Apart from the classical sources, this study of coins is the best source which fells us about these concepts; all taken from the II century A.D. from governement of Lucius Verus.

  20. Guerra de propagandas en Rumanía durante la contienda bélica española (1936-1939

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio César Moreno Cantano

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La Guerra Civil española fue seguida con especial atención en gran número de países, pues el carácter de “guerra de clases” del que se revistió constituyó un motivo de atracción de primer orden. En Rumania, donde predominaban los partidos de corte derechista, se vivió un agrio enfrentamiento entre el representante del Gobierno de la República, Manuel López Rey, y el enviado de la coalición golpista, Pedro Prat y Soutzo. En el presente artículo estudiaremos los instrumentos de los que se valieron cada uno de estos personajes para captar apoyos en el Este europeo, mostrando cuáles fueron las publicaciones y periódicos que utilizaron en esta particular misión propagandística y diplomática._______________ABSTRACT:The Spanish Civil War was followed with special attention in great number of countries due to his character of “war of classes” constituted a motive of attraction of the first order. In Romania, where the right-wing politic was abounding, a toft fight was lived between the representative of the Government of the Second Republic, Manuel Lopez Rey, and the envoy of the rebellions coalition, Pedro Prat y Soutzo. In the present article we will study the instruments which there were served each of these prominent figures to catch supports in the East of Europe, showing which were the publications and newspapers that they used in this particular propaganda and diplomatic mission.

  1. Apelos racionais e emocionais na propaganda de medicamentos de prescrição: estudo de um remédio para emagrecer Rational and emotional appeals in prescription drug advertising: study of a weight loss drug

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melby Karina Zuniga Huertas

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available A propaganda Direta ao Consumidor (DC de medicamentos encoraja as pessoas a perguntar aos médicos por determinados medicamentos e tratamentos que requerem prescrição médica. Para aumentar o poder persuasivo, modelos de propaganda recomendam equiparar os apelos (racionais e/ou emocionais à atitude do consumidor sobre o produto (cognitiva e/ou afetiva. Essa recomendação gera controvérsias no âmbito da propaganda DC. Apelos emocionais seriam sempre inadequados, embora freqüentemente utilizados, nesse tipo de propaganda. Devido à inexistência de evidência empírica sobre a perspectiva do consumidor, empreendeu-se um levantamento descritivo com objetivo de avaliar: i os componentes da atitude sobre medicamentos; ii a atitude e as intenções comportamentais frente a anúncios DC (um com apelos racionais e outro com apelos emocionais. Escolheu-se um medicamento de prescrição para emagrecer. Constatou-se atitude predominantemente cognitiva sobre o produto e atitude e intenção comportamental mais favorável frente a anúncio racional. Cognição negativa sobre o produto foi marcante, anulando o poder persuasivo de apelos emocionais.The Direct-to-Consumer (DTC advertising of medicines encourages people to ask doctors for certain medicines and treatments that require medical prescription. In order to enhance their persuasive power, advertising models recommend matching the appeals (rational and/or emotional to the consumer's attitude (cognitive and/or affective towards the product. This recommendation leads to controversies in the context of DTC advertising. Emotional appeals, although frequently used, would always be inadequate in that kind of advertising. In absence of empiric evidence of the consumer's perspective, a descriptive research was undertaken with the objective of evaluating: i the components of the attitude toward medicines; ii attitude and behavioral intentions in response to DTC ads (one appealing to reason and the other

  2. Safety Note

    CERN Multimedia

    SC Secretariat

    2004-01-01

    Please note that the Safety Note no 29 (NS 29) entitled 'Fire Prevention for Insulating Core (Sandwich) Panel Structures for Inside Use Guidelines for Selection, Installation and Use' is available on the web at the following url: https://edms.cern.ch/document/475438/LAST_RELEASED Paper copies can also be obtained from the SC Unit secretariat, e-mail : sc.secretariat@cern.ch SC Secretariat

  3. Nuclear safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-07-01

    The Program on Nuclear Safety comprehends Radioprotection, Radioactive Waste Management and Nuclear Material Control. These activities are developed at the Nuclear Safety Directory. The Radioactive Waste Management Department (GRR) was formally created in 1983, to promote research and development, teaching and service activities in the field of radioactive waste. Its mission is to develop and employ technologies to manage safely the radioactive wastes generated at IPEN and at its customer’s facilities all over the country, in order to protect the health and the environment of today's and future generations. The Radioprotection Service (GRP) aims primarily to establish requirements for the protection of people, as workers, contractors, students, members of the general public and the environment from harmful effects of ionizing radiation. Furthermore, it also aims to establish the primary criteria for the safety of radiation sources at IPEN and planning and preparing for response to nuclear and radiological emergencies. The procedures about the management and the control of exposures to ionizing radiation are in compliance with national standards and international recommendations. Research related to the main activities is also performed. The Nuclear Material Control has been performed by the Safeguard Service team, which manages the accountability and the control of nuclear material at IPEN facilities and provides information related to these activities to ABACC and IAEA. (author)

  4. Food safety

    OpenAIRE

    VRABCOVÁ, Kateřina

    2012-01-01

    In the diploma thesis I was dealing with the issue of food safety in the Czech Republic and labeling of meat products. In the practical part were carried out two surveys, public opinion poll and survey of proper labeling of meat products. Opinion polls were attended by 462 consumers and analysis of proper labelling was subjected to 489 meat products in select retail chains in Prague. Survey results of labeling of meat products were not very positive, but can be expected to improve, as well as...

  5. Safety training

    CERN Document Server

    SC Unit

    2009-01-01

    Habilitation électrique A course entitled "Habilitation électrique pour personnel de laboratoire" (electrical safety qualification for laboratory personnel) will be held on 22 and 23 June. Registration by e-mail to isabelle.cusato@cern.ch. Explosion Hazards in the handling of flammable solvents and gases A course entitled "Explosion Hazards in the handling of flammable solvents and gases" given in French will be held on 18-19 June 2009. This course is obligatory for all FGSOs at CERN, and it is recommended for anyone handling flammable gas or solvents. To sign up please visit this page. For more information please contact Isabelle Cusato, tel. 73811.

  6. A propaganda política na construção do imaginário coletivo no cinema de resistência: Estudo de caso do filme Jango, de Silvio Tendler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rose Vidal

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo tem como objetivo propor uma análise do modo como se constrói a representaçãoda imagem eleitoral de João Goulart, sob a ótica da propaganda políticano cinema brasileiro no período pós-ditadura. Para a realização desse objetivo contamoscom o longa-metragem de Silvio Tendler de 1984, intitulado “Jango”. Cremosque este estudo se justifica por contribuir para identificar, compreender e mapear oimaginário da sociedade brasileira sobre João Goulart. Para o desenvolvimento dotema foram analisadas teorias de marketing político, propaganda ideológica e persuasão.A pesquisa foi norteada pelo método qualitativo e aplicadas as técnicas de pesquisahistórica e estudo de caso. Concluímos que o Filme de Silvio Tendler reconstruiua imagem de João Goulart ressaltando seu papel na luta pelas reformas de base.A mistificação de Jango foi exposta no documentário expositivo.

  7. Regulamentação da propaganda de alimentos infantis como estratégia para a promoção da saúde Regulation of publicity for children's food as a strategy for promotion of health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Henriques

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available As práticas alimentares da população brasileira vêm se alterando nas últimas décadas e a publicidade é um dos fatores que contribuem para esta situação. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o conteúdo das propagandas de alimentos veiculadas na televisão e dirigidas a crianças, sob a ótica da regulação. As propagandas foram gravadas em fitas VHS de duas grandes emissoras de televisão, no período de férias escolares. Foram utilizadas técnicas de análise de conteúdo e definidas oito categorias de análise a partir do referencial teórico sobre as práticas alimentares e seus determinantes. Para subsidiar a análise utilizou-se a proposta de Regulamento Técnico da Anvisa. Foram contabilizadas 1018 propagandas, das quais foram selecionadas as 132 (12,9% que anunciavam alimentos dirigidos para as crianças, sendo identificados somente 12 produtos diferentes. De acordo com o Regulamento proposto, todas as propagandas analisadas infringiam pelo menos três artigos, entre os quais se destaca o 4º, Incisos III e VIb. É nítida a urgência do setor público de regular o conteúdo das propagandas de alimentos infantis, cujo consumo pode ser prejudicial à saúde devido à influência que exercem na decisão pela compra, tanto por parte das próprias crianças, quanto dos pais.The eating habits of the Brazilian population have been changing in recent decades and publicity is one of the factors contributing to this situation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the content of food publicity broadcast on television and addressed to children, from the standpoint of regulation. The publicity broadcast on the two major television stations during the school holidays was recorded on VHS tapes. Content analysis techniques were used and eight categories of analysis were defined based on the theoretical benchmark of the eating habits and their determining factors. The proposal for a Technical Regulation of Anvisa was used to conduct

  8. Safety first

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    Safety is a priority for CERN. That is a message I conveyed in my New Year’s address and that I reiterated at one of the first Enlarged Directorate meetings of 2012 when I outlined five key safety objectives for the year, designed and implemented according to accepted international standards.   As we move from spring to summer, it’s time to take stock of how we are doing. Objective number one for 2012, which overarches everything else, is to limit the number of incidents in the workplace. That means systematically investigating and acting on every incident that involves work stoppage, along with all the most frequent workplace accidents: falls, trips and slips. The performance indicator we set ourselves is the percentage of investigations and follow-ups completed. Year on year, these figures are rising but we can never be complacent, and must strive to reach and sustain 100% follow-up. The second objective is to improve hazard control, with a focus in 2012 on chemical ha...

  9. Propaganda, grafite e as representações de uma cidade negra/Advertising, graffiti, and representations of a black city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Finn

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Na imaginação geográfica dos Estados Unidos, o Brasil é um País de futebol, samba e biquínis. Representações do Brasil entram nos EUA através dos filtros culturais de Pelé e a Garota de Ipanema. Mas nesta visão se perde a historia intricada e complexa da raça no Brasil, especialmente na cidade do Salvador da Bahia. Mas, chegando de fora e vendo as representações raciais pela propaganda popular, nunca se imaginaria que mais de 80% dos soteropolitanos é de descendência africana. Neste artigo, contextualizarei primeiramente Salvador em termos raciais no Brasil. Então, após examinar as atuais teorias das raças e das suas representações, desconstruirei algumas das representações raciais mais chocantes e contraditórias, do ponto de vista de uma pessoa relativamente nova na Bahia. Concluirei com as observações do grafite como uma maneira popular de contestar as representações brancas dominantes numa cidade negra, através da qual as representações raciais são democratizadas nas superfícies verticais da capital baiana.In the geographical imagination of the United States, Brazil is a country of soccer, samba, and bikinis. Representations of Brazil enter the United States through the cultural filters of Pelé and the Girl from Ipanema. This view misses, however, the intricacies of Brazil’s troubled racial history, especially in the northeast city of Salvador, Bahia. Attempting to understand Salvador’s racial make-up in terms of popular visual media in the urban landscape, an outsider might never guess that more than 80% of the city’s population is of African descent. In this paper I will first contextualize Salvador in terms of race in Brazil. After briefly interrogating current thought in race and representation, I will then deconstruct some of the most shocking and contradictory representations of race in this Afro-Brazilian urban context. I conclude by wondering if much of the city’s graffiti isn’t an informal

  10. “Mensaje del verdadero Portugal”. Los intelectuales portugueses, la IIª República española y el fascismo ibérico: prensa y propaganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pena Rodríguez, Alberto

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This article takes a closer look at some of the unexplored facets of Portuguese intellectuals’ political role in the beginning of Salazar’s dictatorship in the 1930s. Many prestigious Portuguese intellectuals, like Julio Dantas, José de Figueiredo or the Propaganda Ministry director and the “spirit policy” creator, the modernist writer António Ferro, accepted the new ideas of Salazar’s regime and themselves became Iberian fascist propagandists. A paradigmatic case of their fascism activism, on which this research is based, was the international campaign run by some of them in favour of the new Spain of general Franco. This campaign caused a reaction by Portuguese intellectuals exiled in Spain, who published a manifesto entitled “Message of the true Portugal” in October 1936, which lambasted the alliance between the Portuguese government and the Spanish fascist movement.Este estudio pretende ahondar en algunos aspectos inéditos sobre el papel político jugado por los intelectuales portugueses en los inicios de la dictadura salazarista y su relación con España, especialmente en el marco de la Guerra Civil española. El Estado Novo de António de Oliveira Salazar contó con la colaboración de prestigiosos intelectuales, que aceptaron los nuevos presupuestos ideológicos del salazarismo y contribuyeron a su legitimación pública. Muchos intelectuales lusos se convirtieron, además, en propagandistas del movimiento franquista. Un caso paradigmático de su activismo a favor del fascismo ibérico, en el que se basa esta investigación, fue la campaña internacional que algunos de ellos realizaron a favor de la nueva España franquista. Esto provocó la respuesta de los intelectuales portugueses exiliados en España, que hicieron público el 4 de octubre de 1936 un manifiesto anti-fascista titulado “Mensaje del verdadero Portugal”.

  11. Propagande française en Irlande  pendant la Première Guerre mondiale : autopsie d’un échec French Propaganda in Ireland during the First World War: Post-mortem of a Failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jérôme aan de Wiel

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with French propaganda efforts in Ireland during the First World War, a theme hitherto unexplored. In 1914, Ireland was in the grip of war fever like other European countries. In the early months of the conflict, thousands of Irishmen (nationalists and unionists enlisted in the British army. Soon, however, the number of recruits dropped dramatically as various British recruitment organisations blundered and as British propaganda was rather useless. The French government deemed that tens of thousands of Irishmen could be recruited, and Irish recruitment was all the more important since the human cost of the battles of Verdun and the Somme was ghastly. The French knew the British were in a most awkward situation in Ireland, especially after the Easter Rising of April 1916. They decided to begin their own propaganda campaigns in the country with the approval of the British authorities. First, the French focused their attention on political leaders, then on the Catholic Church. The article analyses the approach taken by the French and shows that the Entente Cordiale of 1904 and the Law of the Separation between the Churches and the State of 1905, among others, were serious obstacles to effective propaganda.

  12. Construction safety

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Rita Yi Man

    2013-01-01

    A close-to-ideal blend of suburb and city, speedy construction of towers of Babylon, the sparkling proportion of glass and steel buildings’ facade at night showcase the wisdom of humans. They also witness the footsteps, sweats and tears of architects and engineers. Unfortunately, these signatures of human civilizations are swathed in towering figures of construction accidents. Fretting about these on sites, different countries adopt different measures on sites. This book firstly sketches the construction accidents on sites, followed by a review on safety measures in some of the developing countries such as Bermuda, Egypt, Kuwait and China; as well as developed countries, for example, the United States, France and Singapore. It also highlights the enormous compensation costs with the courts’ experiences in the United Kingdom and Hong Kong.

  13. Safety first

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harvie, W.

    1997-06-01

    Expansion of international business opportunities for Canadian producers and service companies brings with it a dimension almost never considered on home base - security. It was pointed out that once abroad, safety and defence of people and equipment can become significant problems in many parts of the world. The nature of the security risks involved, and how best to deal with them, were discussed. The use of consultants, mostly foreign ones to date, and the kind of assistance they can provide, everything from written reports on the local situation to counter surveillance training, and bodyguard services, have been described. Examples of recent involvements with guerilla groups demanding `revolutionary war taxes`, kidnapping executives for ransom, due diligence investigations of potential partners, and the like, have been provided to illustrate the unique character of the problem, and the constant need for being alert, educated to risks, and being prepared to react to risk situations.

  14. Global safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorien J. DeTombe

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Global Safety is a container concept referring to various threats such as HIV/Aids, floods and terrorism; threats with different causes and different effects. These dangers threaten people, the global economy and the slity of states. Policy making for this kind of threats often lack an overview of the real causes and the interventions are based on a too shallow analysis of the problem, mono-disciplinary and focus mostly only on the effects. It would be more appropriate to develop policy related to these issues by utilizing the approaches, methods and tools that have been developed for complex societal problems. Handling these complex societal problems should be done multidisciplinary instead of mono-disciplinary. In order to give politicians the opportunity to handle complex problems multidisciplinary, multidisciplinary research institutes should be created. These multidisciplinary research institutes would provide politicians with better approaches to handle this type of problem. In these institutes the knowledge necessary for the change of these problems can be created through the use of the Compram methodology which has been developed specifically for handling complex societal problems. In a six step approach, experts, actors and policymakers discuss the content of the problem and the possible changes. The framework method uses interviewing, the Group Decision Room, simulation models and scenario's in a cooperative way. The methodology emphasizes the exchange of knowledge and understanding by communication among and between the experts, actors and politicians meanwhile keeping emotion in mind. The Compram methodology will be further explained in relation to global safety in regard to terrorism, economy, health care and agriculture.

  15. Linking Safety Analysis to Safety Requirements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kirsten Mark

    Software for safety critical systems must deal with the hazards identified by safety analysistechniques: Fault trees, event trees,and cause consequence diagrams can be interpreted as safety requirements and used in the design activity. We propose that the safety analysis and the system design use...... the same system model and that this model is formalized in a real-time, interval logic, based on a conventional dynamic systems model with a state over time. The three safety analysis techniques are interpreted in this model and it is shown how to derive safety requirements for components of a system....

  16. CERN's new safety policy

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    The documents below, published on 29 September 2014 on the HSE website, together replace the document SAPOCO 42 as well as Safety Codes A1, A5, A9, A10, which are no longer in force. As from the publication date of these documents any reference made to the document SAPOCO 42 or to Safety Codes A1, A5, A9 and A10 in contractual documents or CERN rules and regulations shall be deemed to constitute a reference to the corresponding provisions of the documents listed below.   "The CERN Safety Policy" "Safety Regulation SR-SO - Responsibilities and organisational structure in matters of Safety at CERN" "General Safety Instruction GSI-SO-1 - Departmental Safety Officer (DSO)" "General Safety Instruction GSI-SO-2 - Territorial Safety Officer (TSO)" "General Safety Instruction GSI-SO-3 - Safety Linkperson (SLP)" "General Safety Instruction GSI-SO-4 - Large Experiment Group Leader In Matters of Safety (LEXGLI...

  17. Rebuilding a safety culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodney, George A.

    1991-01-01

    The development of a culture of safety and NASA since the Challenger accident is reviewed. The technical elements of the strengthened NASA safety program are described, including problem reporting, risk/assessment/risk management, operational safety, and safety assurance are addressed. Future directions in the development of safety are considered.

  18. A major safety overhaul

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    A redefined policy, a revamped safety course, an environmental project... the TIS (Technical Inspection and Safety) Division has begun a major safety overhaul. Its new head, Wolfgang Weingarten, explains to the Bulletin why and how this is happening.

  19. Bathroom safety - adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Older adult bathroom safety; Falls - bathroom safety ... You may need to have safety bars in your bathroom. These grab bars should be secured vertically or horizontally to the wall, not diagonally. DO NOT use ...

  20. Bromine Safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meyers, B

    2001-04-09

    The production and handling in 1999 of about 200 million kilograms of bromine plus substantial derivatives thereof by Great Lakes Chemical Corp. and Albemarle Corporation in their southern Arkansas refineries gave OSHA Occupational Injury/Illness Rates (OIIR) in the range of 0.74 to 1.60 reportable OIIRs per 200,000 man hours. OIIRs for similar industries and a wide selection of other U.S. industries range from 1.6 to 23.9 in the most recent OSHA report. Occupational fatalities for the two companies in 1999 were zero compared to a range in the U.S.of zero for all computer manufacturing to 0.0445 percent for all of agriculture, forestry and fishing in the most recent OSHA report. These results show that bromine and its compounds can be considered as safe chemicals as a result of the bromine safety standards and practices at the two companies. The use of hydrobromic acid as an electrical energy storage medium in reversible PEM fuel cells is discussed. A study in 1979 of 20 megawatt halogen working fluid power plants by Oronzio de Nora Group found such energy to cost 2 to 2.5 times the prevailing base rate at that time. New conditions may reduce this relative cost. The energy storage aspect allows energy delivery at maximum demand times where the energy commands premium rates. The study also found marginal cost and performance advantages for hydrobromic acid over hydrochloric acid working fluid. Separate studies in the late 70s by General Electric also showed marginal performance advantages for hydrobromic acid.

  1. Eye Protection: Safety Glasses. Safety Spotlight

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deck, Anita; Roy, Ken

    2017-01-01

    When it comes to eye safety, there are some situations in which regular safety glasses will work adequately for the needs of the STEM education classroom or laboratory. However, there are certain instances in which safety goggles must be used for safer protection. Taking the time to analyze hazards and assess the risks prior to any activity in the…

  2. Propaganda de medicamentos: como conciliar uso racional e a permanente necessidade de expandir mercado? Medication advertising: how to reconcile rational use and the permanent need for market expansions?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Nascimento

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available A indústria farmacêutica, agências de publicidade, empresas de comunicação e o comércio varejista têm implementado uma intensa estratégia de marketing com vistas a elevar o consumo de medicamentos. A revolução científica e tecnológica, por sua vez, altera o padrão de enfrentamento terapêutico de doenças e seu impacto no setor saúde faz surgir o fenômeno da medicalização e da lógica de que estes bens e serviços devam ser considerados mercadorias como as demais. Esta realidade impõe um desafio: na utilização de medicamentos, até onde prevalece a exigência terapêutica estritamente voltada para o controle de enfermidades e começa a pressão mercadológica a estimular o seu consumo? A exploração do valor simbólico do medicamento pela grande mídia passa a representar um poderoso instrumento de indução de hábitos para elevar seu consumo. A magnitude do problema levou a que o Estado há muito busque regular a propaganda de medicamentos por meio de leis, decretos e códigos, que vêm sendo desrespeitados ao longo do tempo. Em 30 de novembro de 2000, a Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (Anvisa publica a Resolução de Diretoria Colegiada (RDC 102, tentando novamente impor limites ao setor. Para além de um maior esforço fiscalizador, este trabalho discute o próprio modelo regulador adotado, que não tem conseguido alcançar o objetivo a que se propõe.The pharmaceutical industry, advertising agencies, communication companies, and the retail market have implemented an intense marketing strategy aimed at boosting medication consumption. The scientific and technological revolution, in turn, changed illnesses treatment standards and its impact on the health sector gave rise both to the medicalization phenomenon and to the logic that these goods and services should be considered as merchandise, as any other. This fact brings a challenge about: in medication use, to what extent should therapeutic requirements aimed

  3. Propaganda de medicamentos para grande público: parâmetros conceituais de uma prática produtora de risco Drug advertising to the general public: conceptual parameters of a risk producer practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro César Nascimento

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa alguns conceitos relativos a marketing, propaganda, medicamento, regulação e manipulação, discutindo parâmetros éticos e de vigilância sanitária relativos à prática da propaganda de medicamentos para o grande público. O foco deste trabalho é a análise das contradições, desde o ponto de vista conceitual, da prática da propaganda farmacêutica como instrumento de elevação das vendas e conquista de mercados versus a política de uso racional de medicamentos. Estudos acadêmicos e a monitoração da propaganda farmacêutica realizada pela Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária demonstram que os conteúdos das peças publicitárias de medicamentos direcionadas ao grande público superestimam as qualidades do produto, enaltecem quase exclusivamente seus benefícios, colocando-os em uma posição central no processo terapêutico; e omitem os riscos inerentes à sua utilização e exageram suas qualidades, às vezes duvidosas. Mais que se debruçar sobre propostas reguladoras que objetivariam criar constrangimentos a esta prática, este artigo discute a impossibilidade, considerando-se os interesses da saúde pública, da convivência de interesses tão díspares quanto os do marketing - que busca sempre expandir mercados - e das políticas de uso correto, racional e seguro de medicamentos.This article analyzes some concepts relating to marketing, advertising, medications, regulation and manipulation. It discusses ethical and health surveillance parameters of drugs advertising for the general public. The focus of this work is the analysis of contradictions from a conceptual point of view between the practice of pharmaceutical advertising as a tool for the increase of sales and the conquest of markets versus the policy of rational use of medicines. Academic studies and monitoring of drugs advertising conducted by the National Health Surveillance Agency show that the contents of the advertising pieces oriented

  4. Intolerable, perillosa, imprescindible: intel·lectuals i polítics estadounidencs davant la problemàtica de la propaganda al període d'entreguerres (1919-1939)

    OpenAIRE

    Migliucci, Dario

    2016-01-01

    El present article es proposa reconstruir el debat intel·lectual sobre manipulació de l'opinió pública que es va desenvolupar als Estats Units en el període d'entreguerres. S'analitzaran a més les activitats contra la propaganda que van ser dutes a terme per exponents del món de la cultura, d'una banda, i pels poders executiu i legislatiu, per una altra. La hipòtesi de la recerca és que al llarg del període d'entreguerres es va anar configurant als Estats Units una forma particular d'entendre...

  5. Héroes de papel: el deporte y la prensa como herramientas de propaganda política del fascismo y el franquismo. Una perspectiva histórica comparada

    OpenAIRE

    Viuda Serrano, Alejandro de la; Gonzalez Aja, Teresa Maria

    2012-01-01

    Esta investigación se plantea definir los mecanismos de apropiación y utilización del deporte y la prensa como elementos de legitimación y propaganda, que los regímenes fascista y franquista llevaron a cabo en el periodo de entreguerras. Se establecerá una comparación, desde el punto de vista histórico, entre Benito Mussolini y Francisco Franco, así como entre sus respectivas ideologías y modos de actuación. Para ello se utilizarán fuentes de archivo y publicaciones periódicas de la época,...

  6. Propaganda anticancerosa, mobilização de elites e consciência sanitária em Portugal : despertar consciências e educar para a saúde na primeira metade do século XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Manuel Pinto Costa

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The object of this article is the Portuguese anticancer propaganda in the first half of the 20th century. It intends to show that although greater propagandistic efforts were made following the foundation of the Instituto Português para o Estudo do Cancro in 1923, it would become more intense during the Estado Novo period. The impact of medical discourse on social agents and politicians, materialized into a campaign of constant social persuasion. The preventive attitude of the fight against cancer became one of the main agents in the conquest of national health awareness, in a country still devoid of relevant achievements in areas such as health education for the masses.

  7. Nuclear criticality safety guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pruvost, N.L.; Paxton, H.C. [eds.

    1996-09-01

    This technical reference document cites information related to nuclear criticality safety principles, experience, and practice. The document also provides general guidance for criticality safety personnel and regulators.

  8. Farm Health and Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... jobs in the United States. Farms have many health and safety hazards, including Chemicals and pesticides Machinery, ... equipment can also reduce accidents. Occupational Safety and Health Administration

  9. New Safety rules

    CERN Multimedia

    Safety Commission

    2008-01-01

    The revision of CERN Safety rules is in progress and the following new Safety rules have been issued on 15-04-2008: Safety Procedure SP-R1 Establishing, Updating and Publishing CERN Safety rules: http://cern.ch/safety-rules/SP-R1.htm; Safety Regulation SR-S Smoking at CERN: http://cern.ch/safety-rules/SR-S.htm; Safety Regulation SR-M Mechanical Equipment: http://cern.ch/safety-rules/SR-M.htm; General Safety Instruction GSI-M1 Standard Lifting Equipment: http://cern.ch/safety-rules/GSI-M1.htm; General Safety Instruction GSI-M2 Standard Pressure Equipment: http://cern.ch/safety-rules/GSI-M2.htm; General Safety Instruction GSI-M3 Special Mechanical Equipment: http://cern.ch/safety-rules/GSI-M3.htm. These documents apply to all persons under the Director General’s authority. All Safety rules are available at the web page: http://www.cern.ch/safety-rules The Safety Commission

  10. Ética na publicidade e propaganda: a visão do executivo de agências de comunicação do Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aida Maria Lovison

    Full Text Available O marketing, enquanto área da Administração, inclui a propaganda, ferramenta que tem sido alvo de constantes questionamentos éticos de parte da sociedade. Apesar de existir no âmbito brasileiro e mundial um grande número de estudos focados nos efeitos da propaganda sobre o consumidor, o mesmo não pode ser dito quando se trata de analisar a relação entre ética e atuação das agências de comunicação e, por via midiática, com a sociedade em geral. Inserido nessa lacuna, o presente estudo visa elucidar quais valores estão subjacentes aos posicionamentos adotados pelos executivos de agências de comunicação situadas na Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre/RS no que tange aos valores que fundam o vínculo entre agência, patrocinadores e a própria sociedade. Nesse intuito, foram realizadas entrevistas em profundidade com executivos de agências de comunicação; posteriormente, os textos foram transcritos e analisados através de mapas de associação de ideias. Como resultados, verificou-se a existência de certo "vazio ético". Assim, embora reconheçam a indissociabilidade entre vida ética no trabalho e na vida pessoal, há contradições. Não obstante, identificaram-se profissionais que, apesar das tensões advindas deste cenário, decidem corajosamente fazer valer posições que ratificam, mesmo em situações-limite, a impossibilidade de conceder face a um critério essencial para a ética: o respeito, principalmente, pela pessoa; isto é, a alteridade.

  11. Discursos cruzados: telenoticiários, HPEG e a construção da agenda eleitoral Cross-discourses: news programs on TV, free time for political propaganda on TV, and the construction of the electoral agenda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Felipe Miguel

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available O Horário de Propaganda Eleitoral Gratuita (HPEG faculta aos candidatos um espaço de comunicação autônomo, em que suas mensagens não têm que passar pelo crivo dos grupos de mídia. O paper discute a eficácia do HPEG, em contraposição ao telejornalismo, e analisa a evolução da relação entre os dois nas quatro eleições presidenciais brasileiras do período pós-autoritário. Em 1989, os telenoticiários mostravam-se receptivos à agenda proposta pelos partidos em seus programas de TV, mas há um nítido fechamento nas eleições seguintes. Em 2002, os principais candidatos preferiram aderir à agenda e aos enquadramentos dominantes, reconhecendo a incapacidade do HPEG para alterar a pauta da mídia.The free time for political propaganda on TV gives candidates a space for autonomous communication in which their messages do not have to pass the scrutiny of media groups. This paper discusses the effectiveness of such free time on TV as opposed to TV journalism, and examines the development of the relationship between them in the four presidential elections in Brazil in the post-authoritarian period. In 1989, TV news programs welcomed the agenda put forward by candidates in their TV programs, but a closure is clear in the next elections. In 2002, the main candidates chose to join mainstream agenda and frameworks, acknowledging the inability of free TV time to change the media's agenda.

  12. Propaganda bélica en la gran pantalla: la incursión de Makin (1942 a través de la película “Gung Ho!”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan José Díaz Benítez

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Durante la segunda guerra mundial el cine fue utilizado como instrumento de propaganda para proporcionar a la opinión pública una visión distorsionada de lo que sucedía en los campos de batalla. La industria cinematográfica norteamericana no fue una excepción, pues en las películas realizadas durante aquellos años se aprecia tres importantes manipulaciones, ya señaladas por Paul Fussell: idealización del combatiente norteamericano; deshumanización del enemigo; visión triunfalista de las operaciones bélicas. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar cómo se manifiestan dichas distorsiones en la película Gung ho!, realizada en 1943, cuando todavía no se vislumbraba el final de la contienda. War Propaganda in the Big Screen: the Makin Raid (1942 in the film Gung ho! Abstract:During World War II cinema was used as a propagandist tool to give to public opinion a distorted vision of what happened in the battlefields. The American motion-picture industry wasn't an exception, because there are three important manipulations in the films released in those years, already marked by Paul Fussell: idealization of the American soldier; dehumanization of the enemy; triumphalist vision of military operations. The objetive of this article is to analyze the way these distortions are shown in the film Gung ho!, made in 1943, when de end of the war wasn't still near.

  13. Patient safety: Safety culture and patient safety ethics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Marlene Dyrløv

    2006-01-01

    Patient safety - the prevention of medical error and adverse events - and the initiative of developing safety cultures to assure patients from harm have become one of the central concerns in quality improvement in healthcare both nationally andinternationally. This subject raises numerous...... the problems, and suggest possible solutions for improving patient safety through the promotion of safety culture and ethics. I seek to illuminate theissues of patient safety from several perspectives; the organizational healthcare system, in particular the healthcare workers perspectives and experiences......, and those of patients who experience the physical effect of poor patient safety. The dissertationconsists of nine papers and an appendix. Paper 1 describes the results of doctors and nurses attitudes towards reporting and the handling of adverse events. Paper 2 is a study and “review” of the international...

  14. Safety at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    Safety is an integral part of our working lives, and should be in our minds whatever job we do at CERN. Ultimately, safety is the responsibility of the Director General – your safety is my concern. That’s why I have this week appointed a new Safety Policy Committee (SAPOCO) that reflects the new Organizational structure of CERN. CERN’s Staff Rules and Regulations clearly lay out in chapter 3 the scope of safety at CERN as well as my responsibilities and yours in safety matters. At CERN, safety is considered in the broadest sense, encompassing occupational Health and Safety, environmental protection, and the safety of equipment and installations. It is my responsibility to put appropriate measures in place to ensure that these conditions are met. And it is the responsibility of us all to ensure that we are fully conversant with safety provisions applicable in our areas of work and that we comply with them. The appointment of a n...

  15. TWRS safety program plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calderon, L.M., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-08-01

    Management of Nuclear Safety, Industrial Safety, Industrial Hygiene, and Fire Protection programs, functions, and field support resources for Tank Waste Remediation Systems (TWRS) has, until recently, been centralized in TWRS Safety, under the Emergency, Safety, and Quality organization. Industrial hygiene technician services were also provided to support operational needs related to safety basis compliance. Due to WHC decentralization of safety and reengineering efforts in West Tank Farms, staffing and safety responsibilities have been transferred to the facilities. Under the new structure, safety personnel for TWRS are assigned directly to East Tank Farms, West Tank Farms, and a core Safety Group in TWRS Engineering. The Characterization Project Operations (CPO) safety organization will remain in tact as it currently exists. Personnel assigned to East Tank Farms, West Tank Farms, and CPO will perform facility-specific or project-specific duties and provide field implementation of programs. Those assigned to the core group will focus on activities having a TWRS-wide or programmatic focus. Hanford-wide activities will be the responsibility of the Safety Center of Expertise. In order to ensure an effective and consistent safety program for TWRS under the new organization program functions, goals, organizational structure, roles, responsibilities, and path forward must be clearly established. The purpose of the TWRS Safety Program Plan is to define the overall safety program, responsibilities, relationships, and communication linkages for safety personnel under the new structure. In addition, issues associated with reorganization transition are addressed, including training, project ownership, records management, and dissemination of equipment. For the purpose of this document ``TWRS Safety`` refers to all safety professionals and technicians (Industrial Safety, Industrial Hygiene, Fire Protection, and Nuclear Safety) within the TWRS organization, regardless of their

  16. Occupational safety motivation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Louise; Kines, Pete

    2010-01-01

    Background: Motivation is one of the most important factors for safety behaviour and for implementing change in general. However, theoretical and psychometric studies of safety performance have traditionally treated safety motivation, safety compliance and safety participation unidimensionally....... At the same time many motivation questionnaire items are seldom founded on theory and/or do not account for the theories’ ontological and epistemological differences, e.g. of how knowledge, attitude and action are related. Present questionnaire items tap into occupational safety motivation in asking whether...... or not respondents ‘are’ motivated and whether they feel that safety is important or worthwhile. Another important aspect is ‘what’ motivates workers to comply to and participate in safety. The aim of this article is to introduce a new theory-based occupational safety motivation scale which is validated...

  17. Avaliação de Eficácia de uma Campanha de Propaganda: um estudo empíricoEvaluation of Effectiveness of an Advertising Campaign: an empirical studyEvaluación de Eficacia de una Campaña de Propaganda: un estudio empírico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PAIVA, Wagner Peixoto de

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOEste trabalho descreve o processo de avaliação de eficácia de uma campanha de propaganda (que fez uso de dois tipos de mídia: televisão e mídia exterior – busdoor de um produto específico em uma empresa multinacional de saúde e beleza.Por meio da análise quantitativa, verificou-se que o uso da mídia principal (TV apresentou uma correlação de moderada a forte com as vendas unitárias do produto ao longo da campanha e foi responsável pela geração de vendas adicionais. Já no caso da mídia de apoio (busdoor, verificou-se que ela não foi capaz de gerar um aumento nas vendas isoladamente, mas ajudou a acentuar e prolongar os efeitos da mídia principal nas vendas. A análise global da campanha mostra que esta conseguiu provocar um aumento de vendas no curto prazo, mas não alterar o nível médio de vendas anterior à mesma, conclusão essa reforçada pela análise marginal do retorno sobre o investimento que mostrou que o resultado da campanha foi insatisfatório.ABSTRACTThis paper describes the process of efficacy evaluation of an advertising campaign (which used two types of media: TV and outdoor media of a specific product from a multinational company in the health and beauty care segment. It was observed through quantitative analysis that the use of the main medium (TV showed a moderate to strong correlation with the product’s unit sales throughout the campaign, being responsible for the generation of additional sales. However, the impact of the support media (outdoor did not generate additional sales alone, but helped to strengthen and to last longer the effects of the main medium. The analysis of the whole campaign showed that it increased sales in the short term but it did This paper describes the process of efficacy evaluation of an advertising campaign (which used two types of media: TV and outdoor media of a specific product from a multinational company in the health and beauty care segment. It was observed

  18. Beyond safety accountability

    CERN Document Server

    Geller, E Scott

    2001-01-01

    Written in an easy-to-read conversational tone, Beyond Safety Accountability explains how to develop an organizational culture that encourages people to be accountable for their work practices and to embrace a higher sense of personal responsibility. The author begins by thoroughly explaining the difference between safety accountability and safety responsibility. He then examines the need of organizations to improve safety performance, discusses why such performance improvement can be achieved through a continuous safety process, as distinguished from a safety program, and provides the practic

  19. Safety-in-numbers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elvik, Rune; Bjørnskau, Torkel

    2017-01-01

    Highlights •26 studies of the safety-in-numbers effect are reviewed. •The existence of a safety-in-numbers effect is confirmed. •Results are consistent. •Causes of the safety-in-numbers effect are incompletely known.......Highlights •26 studies of the safety-in-numbers effect are reviewed. •The existence of a safety-in-numbers effect is confirmed. •Results are consistent. •Causes of the safety-in-numbers effect are incompletely known....

  20. La propagande cachée sur les ondes de la BBC pendant la Seconde Guerre Mondiale : vers une héroïsation nationale Hidden propaganda and national hero-making on the BBC Home Service during the Second World War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cécile Vallée

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available With the aim of maintaining morale on the Home Front, as well as getting the British population to trust in final victory, the British government put in place a hidden control of the BBC, which was regularly instructed as to what broadcast form propaganda should take on the Home Service. These secret, regular and precise guidelines were to result in the projection of an ultra-positive image of Great Britain and of the British at war. The systematic hero-making propaganda was to become gradually better organised, more subtle, and therefore more efficient as the years went by thanks to the expertise of BBC staff. Countless programmes were broadcast, which stressed the heroic virtues of British soldiers, of the Navy and of the R.A.F, or reminded the listeners of past heroes, the glorious history of Great Britain being systematically commemorated, thus exalting national pride daily. To the constant cult of the heroes of the Home Front (particularly of women corresponded an equally constant denigration of the Nazi enemy. Although there was no recourse to lies, the way both the military and the Home Front were presented was undoubtedly of a propaganda nature. Indeed, the aim was to win the hearts and minds of the British population by playing on two chords: on the one hand, turning the enemy into an evil beast, minimising defeats and difficulties, and, on the other hand, systematically extolling the power and glory of Great Britain and the innate qualities of the British.

  1. Road safety rhetoric versus road safety politics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Køltzow, K

    1993-12-01

    In-depth interviews with top level decision makers in the road sector in Norway were conducted over a four-year period: Three principal impediments to safety interventions were identified: (i) Mobility is considered of primary importance; the "freedom of the car" is difficult to restrict, (ii) as a consequence there is much more lobbying for mobility than for safety, and (iii) road safety commitment and policies are weak, even among some of those responsible. For these reasons, efficient road safety work is often side-tracked at the top level, and substituted by nonbinding demands for road users' "change of attitude". In addition, road safety is often used as a proxy argument for measures that mainly promote mobility.

  2. Safety KPIs - Monitoring of safety performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrej Lališ

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to provide brief overview of aviation safety development focusing on modern trends represented by implementation of Safety Key Performance Indicators. Even though aviation is perceived as safe means of transport, it is still struggling with its complexity given by long-term growth and robustness which it has reached today. Thus nowadays safety issues are much more complex and harder to handle than ever before. We are more and more concerned about organizational factors and control mechanisms which have potential to further increase level of aviation safety. Within this paper we will not only introduce the concept of Key Performance Indicators in area of aviation safety as an efficient control mechanism, but also analyse available legislation and documentation. Finally we will propose complex set of indicators which could be applied to Czech Air Navigation Service Provider.

  3. Patient safety: Safety culture and patient safety ethics

    OpenAIRE

    Madsen, Marlene Dyrløv

    2006-01-01

    Patient safety - the prevention of medical error and adverse events - and the initiative of developing safety cultures to assure patients from harm have become one of the central concerns in quality improvement in healthcare both nationally andinternationally. This subject raises numerous challenging issues of systemic, organisational, cultural and ethical relevance, which this dissertation seeks to address through the application of different disciplinary approaches. The main focus of resear...

  4. National Safety Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Practical Solutions & Training Tools Online Learning Safety Awards & Recognition Publications, Library & Research Get Support for Safety Membership Logos Networking & Additional Resources Member Appreciation Month NSC Division Networks Alcohol & Drug Impairment Business & ...

  5. Car Seat Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to Talk to Your Child About the News Gun Safety Too Late for the Flu Vaccine? Eating ... many local health departments, public safety groups, hospitals, law enforcement agencies, and fire departments have technicians or ...

  6. Flu Vaccine Safety Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Types Seasonal Avian Swine/Variant Pandemic Other Flu Vaccine Safety Information Questions & Answers Language: English (US) Español ... of flu vaccines monitored? Egg Allergy Are flu vaccines safe? Flu vaccines have good safety record. Hundreds ...

  7. Fires and Food Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Standard Forms FSIS United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service About FSIS District Offices Careers ... Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Fires and Food Safety Fire! Few words can strike such terror. Residential ...

  8. Freezing and Food Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Standard Forms FSIS United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service About FSIS District Offices Careers ... Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Freezing and Food Safety What Can You Freeze? Is Frozen Food Safe? ...

  9. Fire Safety (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of Braces Eating Disorders Mitral Valve Prolapse Arrhythmias Fire Safety KidsHealth > For Parents > Fire Safety Print A ... event of a fire emergency in your home. Fire Prevention Of course, the best way to practice ...

  10. Refrigeration and Food Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Forms Standard Forms FSIS United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service About FSIS District ... 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Refrigeration and Food Safety History of Refrigeration Importance of Refrigeration Types of Bacteria ...

  11. National Patient Safety Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... News Member Testimonials Lifetime Members Stand Up for Patient Safety Welcome Stand Up Members Stand Up e-News ... PLS Webcast Archives Stand Up Templates and Logos Patient Safety Coalition Coalition Overview Coalition Member Roster Members-Only ...

  12. Water safety and drowning

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... among people of all ages. Learning and practicing water safety is important to prevent drowning accidents. ... Water safety tips for all ages include: Learn CPR . Never swim alone. Never dive into water unless ...

  13. Animal Product Safety Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Animal & Veterinary Home Animal & Veterinary Safety & Health Product Safety ... for more information. How to report when your animal has a bad reaction to a drug the ...

  14. DOE handbook electrical safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-01-01

    Electrical Safety Handbook presents the Department of Energy (DOE) safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety guidance and information for DOE installations to effect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of this handbook are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

  15. Electrical safety guidelines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-09-01

    The Electrical Safety Guidelines prescribes the DOE safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety standards and guidance for DOE installations in order to affect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of these guidelines are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

  16. Vicente Fox presidential campaing and the model of propaganda in political communication La campaña presidencial de Vicente Fox y el modelo propagandista de comunicación política

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana BORJAS BENAVENTE

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The characteristics of political communication identified by Dominque Wolton can be used to analyse the electoral process of 1988 in Mexico, as public opinion and opinion began to emerge through the exchange between legitimate political actors. The main features of this exchange emerged and were consolidated during the 2000 presidential election campaign, coinciding with the typology developed by Gilles Achache regarding a model of propaganda. The objectives of the paper are to examine the electoral campaign of Vicente Fox of the PAN for the presidency in 2000, and to identify the differences that set it apart from the campaign of other candidates and from the traditional electoral behaviour of previous electoral processes, in order to demonstrate that through the use of techniques of political marketing in the public space, the Fox campaign introduced a new model of propaganda in political communication in Mexico.: Con base en las características atribuidas por Dominique Wolton a la comunicación política, es posible situar el surgimiento pleno de esta última en México durante el proceso electoral de 1988, cuando los discursos de la opinión pública a través de los sondeos comenzaron a introducirse en el espacio público. A partir de entonces, al producirse el intercambio de mensajes entre los actores con legitimidad, empezó a configurarse un modelo de comunicación política, cuyos rasgos esenciales surgieron o se reafirmaron durante la campaña para las elecciones presidenciales de julio de 2000 y que, en tanto coinciden con la tipología establecida por Gilles Achache, corresponden al modelo propagandista. Dar cuenta de la campaña electoral de Vicente Fox, candidato del Partido Acción Nacional a la Presidencia de la República mexicana en el año 2000, establecer las diferencias que representó respecto a las campañas de otros candidatos, así como en relación al comportamiento tradicionalmente observado por los distintos actores

  17. General safety considerations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-09-01

    This document presents the full filling of the Brazilian obligations under the Convention on Nuclear Safety. The Chapter 4 of the document contains some details about the priority to safety, financial and human resources, human factors, quality assurance, safety assessment and verification, radiation protection and emergency preparedness.

  18. Improving patient safety culture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hellings, Johan; Schrooten, Ward; Klazinga, Niek S.; Vleugels, Arthur

    2010-01-01

    PURPOSE: Improving hospital patient safety means an open and stimulating culture is needed. This article aims to describe a patient safety culture improvement approach in five Belgian hospitals. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Patient safety culture was measured using a validated Belgian adaptation of

  19. Leadership and safety culture. Leadership for safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, Erwin; Nithack, Eckhard [PreussenElektra GmbH, Hannover (Germany)

    2016-08-15

    The meaning of leadership for safety in the nuclear industry is pointed out. This topic has became an increasing rank since the German ''Energiewende''. Despite the phase-out of the German NPP's nuclear safety and the belonging safety culture needs to be well maintained. A challenge for the whole organisation. Following the challenge to operate nuclear power plants towards Operational Excellence a highly skilled and motivated organisation is needed. Therefore Leadership is a valuable success factor.

  20. Safety culture : a significant influence on safety in transportation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-01

    An organizations safety culture can influence safety outcomes. Research and experience show that when safety culture is strong, accidents are less frequent and less severe. As a result, building and maintaining strong safety cultures should be a t...

  1. Nuclear safety in perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, K.; Sjöberg, B.M.D.; Lauridsen, Kurt

    2003-01-01

    The aim of the NKS/SOS-1 project has been to enhance common understanding about requirements for nuclear safety by finding improved means of communicat-ing on the subject in society. The project, which has been built around a number of seminars, wassupported by limited research in three sub......-projects: Risk assessment Safety analysis Strategies for safety management The report describes an industry in change due to societal factors. The concepts of risk and safety, safety management and systems forregulatory oversight are de-scribed in the nuclear area and also, to widen the perspective, for other...

  2. Uncertain safety: allocating responsibilities for safety

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2009-01-01

    Flood prevention, food safety, the transport of hazardous substances, infectious diseases, the risk of new Technologies and many other threats to public health and the environment call for ongoing public alertness...

  3. Workplace Safety and Health Topics: Safety & Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention Control Banding Controls for Noise Exposure Cost-effective Rollover Protective Structures (CROPS) Direct Reading and Sensor Technologies Distracted Driving at Work Electrical Safety Electronic Health Records (EHRs) and Patient ...

  4. Safety in Cryogenics – Safety device sizing

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    The calculation is separated in three operations: o The estimation of the loads arriving on the component to protect, o The calculation of the mass flow to evacuate, o And the sizing of the safety device.

  5. Patient Safety Culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Solvejg

    Patient safety is highly prioritised in the Danish health care system, never the less, patients are still exposed to risk and harmed every day. Implementation of a patient safety culture has been suggested an effective mean to protect patients against adverse events. Working strategically...... with assessment and development of the patient safety culture is in early days in Denmark. It depends upon valid, reliable and effective methods. The patient safety culture represents a wide range of social phenomena permeating the way of life in a health care. In essence, the safety culture is an aggregation...... of health care professional’s behaviour, habits, norms, values, and basic assumptions related to patient care; it is the way things are done. The patient safety culture guides the motivation, commitment to and know-how of the safety management, and how all members of a work place interact. This thesis...

  6. A propaganda do sistema: análise de discurso dos efeitos de sentido presentes no filme publicitário Repressão da companhia de cosméticos O Boticário

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diane Southier

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1984-8420.2014v15n2p156 Este trabalho tem como objetivo fazer uma análise discursiva dos efeitos de sentido presentes no filme publicitário Repressão da companhia de cosméticos O Boticário.Repressão é o primeiro de uma série de outros filmes publicitários integrantes da campanha institucional Acredite na Beleza, lançada em 2008. A análise é pautada nos conceitos e método da Análise de Discurso de linha francesa, em diálogo com o contexto econômico da época e com as formas sujeito capitalista e sujeito socialista, noções que podem ser relacionadas aos sentidos decorrentes da propaganda d’O Boticário. Conclui-se que, no contexto de crise econômica mundial de 2008, intencionalmente ou não, Repressão sutilmente opera de maneira a legitimar o sistema capitalista, através da ideia de beleza que o filme oferece.

  7. La propaganda política y creación del nuevo lenguaje festivo en los primeros años de la república de Bolivia : rupturas y continuidades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Bridikhina

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La creación de un programa simbólico republicano en Bolivia se produjo durante y después de la guerra de la independencia y en 1825, cuando se elaboraron los símbolos patrios que marcaron el distanciamiento de los signos y formas de la monarquía española. A la vez, se apropio del aparato propagandístico real, incluyendo la exploración de las ceremonias públicas y etiquetas coloniales. Los fetiches utilizados por nueva república como los escudos, banderas nacionales, los textos de los Códigos de Santa Cruz y de la nueva Constitución republicanos fueron sacralizados, venerados y rodeados de toda la pompa que enaltecía y exaltaba su rol político.The Republican symbolic program was created in Bolivia along and after the war of independence, and in 1825, when the original symbols that marked the distancing of signs and forms of the Spanish monarchy were created. At the same time was expedient propaganda apparatus, including the exploration of public ceremonies and colonial tags. The Republican fetishes used by the new Republic such as shields, national flags, the texts of the Codes of Santa Cruz and the new Constitution were consecrated, venerated and surrounded by the pomp that put in highs and enhanced its political role.

  8. Formal Safety versus Real Safety: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches to Safety Culture – Evidence from Estonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Järvis Marina

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines differences between formal safety and real safety in Estonian small and medium-sized enterprises. The results reveal key issues in safety culture assessment. Statistical analysis of safety culture questionnaires showed many organisations with an outstanding safety culture and positive safety attitudes. However, qualitative data indicated some important safety weaknesses and aspects that should be included in the process of evaluation of safety culture in organisations.

  9. Reliability and safety engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Verma, Ajit Kumar; Karanki, Durga Rao

    2016-01-01

    Reliability and safety are core issues that must be addressed throughout the life cycle of engineering systems. Reliability and Safety Engineering presents an overview of the basic concepts, together with simple and practical illustrations. The authors present reliability terminology in various engineering fields, viz.,electronics engineering, software engineering, mechanical engineering, structural engineering and power systems engineering. The book describes the latest applications in the area of probabilistic safety assessment, such as technical specification optimization, risk monitoring and risk informed in-service inspection. Reliability and safety studies must, inevitably, deal with uncertainty, so the book includes uncertainty propagation methods: Monte Carlo simulation, fuzzy arithmetic, Dempster-Shafer theory and probability bounds. Reliability and Safety Engineering also highlights advances in system reliability and safety assessment including dynamic system modeling and uncertainty management. Cas...

  10. Safety objectives for 2014

    CERN Multimedia

    HSE Unit

    2014-01-01

    This is the third year in which the CERN Management has presented annual safety objectives for the Organization, the “HSE Objectives”.   The HSE objectives for 2014, which were announced by the Director-General at his traditional New Year’s address to the staff and were presented at the first Enlarged Directorate meeting of the year, have been drawn up and agreed in close collaboration between the DSOs, the HSE Unit and the DG himself. From safety in the workplace to radiation and environmental protection, the document emphasises that “Safety is a priority for CERN” and that safety policy is a key element in how the Organization is run. And, like all policies, it generates objectives that “serve as a general framework for action”. The HSE objectives are broken down into the following fields: occupational health and safety on sites and in the workplace, radiation protection, radiation safety, environmental protection, emerge...

  11. Safety advice sheets

    CERN Multimedia

    HSE Unit

    2013-01-01

    You never know when you might be faced with questions such as: when/how should I dispose of a gas canister? Where can I find an inspection report? How should I handle/store/dispose of a chemical substance…?   The SI section of the DGS/SEE Group is primarily responsible for safety inspections, evaluating the safety conditions of equipment items, premises and facilities. On top of this core task, it also regularly issues “Safety Advice Sheets” on various topics, designed to be of assistance to users but also to recall and reinforce safety rules and procedures. These clear and concise sheets, complete with illustrations, are easy to display in the appropriate areas. The following safety advice sheets have been issued so far: Other sheets will be published shortly. Suggestions are welcome and should be sent to the SI section of the DGS/SEE Group. Please send enquiries to general-safety-visits.service@cern.ch.

  12. Thermal reactor safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-06-01

    Information is presented concerning new trends in licensing; seismic considerations and system structural behavior; TMI-2 risk assessment and thermal hydraulics; statistical assessment of potential accidents and verification of computational methods; issues with respect to improved safety; human factors in nuclear power plant operation; diagnostics and activities in support of recovery; LOCA transient analysis; unresolved safety issues and other safety considerations; and fission product transport.

  13. Hydrogen Technologies Safety Guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivkin, C. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Burgess, R. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Buttner, W. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this guide is to provide basic background information on hydrogen technologies. It is intended to provide project developers, code officials, and other interested parties the background information to be able to put hydrogen safety in context. For example, code officials reviewing permit applications for hydrogen projects will get an understanding of the industrial history of hydrogen, basic safety concerns, and safety requirements.

  14. Principles of electrical safety

    CERN Document Server

    Sutherland, Peter E

    2015-01-01

    Principles of Electrical Safety discusses current issues in electrical safety, which are accompanied by series' of practical applications that can be used by practicing professionals, graduate students, and researchers. .  Provides extensive introductions to important topics in electrical safety Comprehensive overview of inductance, resistance, and capacitance as applied to the human body Serves as a preparatory guide for today's practicing engineers

  15. Lift truck safety review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cadwallader, L.C.

    1997-03-01

    This report presents safety information about powered industrial trucks. The basic lift truck, the counterbalanced sit down rider truck, is the primary focus of the report. Lift truck engineering is briefly described, then a hazard analysis is performed on the lift truck. Case histories and accident statistics are also given. Rules and regulations about lift trucks, such as the US Occupational Safety an Health Administration laws and the Underwriter`s Laboratories standards, are discussed. Safety issues with lift trucks are reviewed, and lift truck safety and reliability are discussed. Some quantitative reliability values are given.

  16. FOOD SAFETY TESTING LABORATORY

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — This laboratory develops screening assays, tests and modifies biosensor equipment, and optimizes food safety testing protocols for the military and civilian sector...

  17. Training safely, Training safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianjun Wu

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available It is the basic requirement of maritime safety education to guarantee the safety of teaching operation while training the crew's occupation safety capability. Marine Training Center of Shanghai Maritime University has undertaken the practical teaching of "marine survival" for many years and come up with the whole safety procedures of training. Based on the requirements of SOLAS convention and regulations of STCW over crew training, this paper introduces the safety allocation, utilization and maintenance of teaching equipments. Through the investigation of the safety situation of students' practical operation, the safety teaching method named "four in one" has been put forward, which includes the pre-teaching safety precaution, the whole monitor during the teaching process, the post-teaching summary evaluation, and the reset and standby of teaching facilities. Finally, during the learning and training of "marine survival", crews and students are called on to place priority on personal safety rather than acquisition of knowledge and skills. Only in this way can they be capable of self-protection and protection of others in the career of seafaring.

  18. Improved safety at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    As announced in Weekly Bulletin No. 43/2006, a new approach to the implementation of Safety at CERN has been decided, which required taking some managerial decisions. The guidelines of the new approach are described in the document 'New approach to Safety implementation at CERN', which also summarizes the main managerial decisions I have taken to strengthen compliance with the CERN Safety policy and Rules. To this end I have also reviewed the mandates of the Safety Commission and the Safety Policy Committee (SAPOCO). Some details of the document 'Safety Policy at CERN' (also known as SAPOCO42) have been modified accordingly; its essential principles, unchanged, remain the basis for the safety policy of the Organisation. I would also like to inform you that I have appointed Dr M. Bona as the new Head of the Safety Commission until 31.12.2008, and that I will proceed soon to the appointment of the members of the new Safety Policy Committee. All members of the personnel are deemed to have taken note of the d...

  19. Light water reactor safety

    CERN Document Server

    Pershagen, B

    2013-01-01

    This book describes the principles and practices of reactor safety as applied to the design, regulation and operation of light water reactors, combining a historical approach with an up-to-date account of the safety, technology and operating experience of both pressurized water reactors and boiling water reactors. The introductory chapters set out the basic facts upon which the safety of light water reactors depend. The central section is devoted to the methods and results of safety analysis. The accidents at Three Mile Island and Chernobyl are reviewed and their implications for light wate

  20. A Silent Safety Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodin, James Ronald

    2006-01-01

    NASA's Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB) referred 8 times to the NASA "Silent Safety Program." This term, "Silent Safety Program" was not an original observation but first appeared in the Rogers Commission's Investigation of the Challenger Mishap. The CAIB on page 183 of its report in the paragraph titled 'Encouraging Minority Opinion,' stated "The Naval Reactor Program encourages minority opinions and "bad news." Leaders continually emphasize that when no minority opinions are present, the responsibility for a thorough and critical examination falls to management. . . Board interviews revealed that it is difficult for minority and dissenting opinions to percolate up through the agency's hierarchy. . ." The first question and perhaps the only question is - what is a silent safety program? Well, a silent safety program may be the same as the dog that didn't bark in Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of the Silver Blaze" because system safety should behave as a devil's advocate for the program barking on every occasion to insure a critical review inclusion. This paper evaluates the NASA safety program and provides suggestions to prevent the recurrence of the silent safety program alluded to in the Challenger Mishap Investigation. Specifically targeted in the CAM report, "The checks and balances the safety system was meant to provide were not working." A silent system safety program is not unique to NASA but could emerge in any and every organization. Principles developed by Irving Janis in his book, Groupthink, listed criteria used to evaluate an organization's cultural attributes that allows a silent safety program to evolve. If evidence validates Jams's criteria, then Jams's recommendations for preventing groupthink can also be used to improve a critical evaluation and thus prevent the development of a silent safety program.

  1. Highway Safety Program Manual: Volume 3: Motorcycle Safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

    Volume 3 of the 19-volume Highway Safety Program Manual (which provides guidance to State and local governments on preferred highway safety practices) concentrates on aspects of motorcycle safety. The purpose and specific objectives of a State motorcycle safety program are outlined. Federal authority in the highway safety area and general policies…

  2. Safety Training: basic safety and access courses

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Objective The purpose of the basic safety courses is to increase awareness for everyone working on the CERN site (CERN staff, associates, outside companies, students and apprentices) of the various hazards existing on site, and how to recognise and avoid them. Safety course changes The current organisation of basic safety courses is changing. There will be two main modifications: the organisation of the courses and the implementation of a specific new training course for the LHC machine during the LHC tests and hardware commissioning phase. Organisational changes This concerns the existing basic safety training, currently called level 1, level 2 and level 3. Under the new procedure, a video will be projected in registration building 55 and will run every day at 14.00 and 15.00 in English. The duration of the video will be 50 minutes. The course contents will be the same as the slides currently used, plus a video showing real situations. With this new organization, participants will systematically follow...

  3. Safety Training: Basic Safety and Access Courses

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Vignes

    2005-01-01

    Objective The purpose of the basic safety courses is to increase awareness for everyone working on the CERN site (CERN staff, associates, outside companies, students and apprentices) of the various existing on-site hazards, and how to recognize and avoid them. Safety course changes The current organization for basic safety courses is changing. There will be two main modifications: the organization of the courses and the implementation of a specific new training course for the LHC machine during the LHC tests and hardware commissioning phase. Organizational changes This concerns the existing basic safety training, currently called level1, level2 and level3. Under the new procedure, a video will be projected in registration building 55 and will run every day at 14.00 and 15.00 in English. The duration of the video will be 50 minutes. The course contents will be the same as the slides currently used, plus a video showing real situations. With this new organization, attendees will systematically follow the...

  4. Subjective safety in traffic.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2012-01-01

    The term ‘subjective safety in traffic’ refers to people feeling unsafe in traffic or, more generally, to anxiety regarding being unsafe in traffic for oneself and/or others. Subjective safety in traffic can lead to road users limiting their mobility and social activities, which is one of the

  5. Aviation safety and ICAO

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huang, Jiefang

    2009-01-01

    The thesis addresses the issue of aviation safety under the rule of law. Aviation safety is a global concern. While air transport is considered a safe mode of travel, it is susceptible to inherent risks of flight, the use of force, and terrorist acts. Consequently, within the framework of the

  6. Safety in Aquaculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durborow, Robert M.; Myers, Melvin L.

    2016-01-01

    In this article, occupational safety interventions for agriculture-related jobs, specifically in aquaculture, are reviewed. Maintaining quality of life and avoiding economic loss are two areas in which aquaculturists can benefit by incorporating safety protocols and interventions on their farms. The information in this article is based on farm…

  7. Nuclear safety in perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andersson, K. [Karinta-Konsult HB (Sweden); Sjoeberg, B.M.D. [Norwegian Univ. of Scince and Technology (Norway); Larudisen, K. [Risoe National Lab., Roskilde (Denmark); Wahlstroem, B. [VTT Automation (Finland)

    2002-06-01

    The aim of the NKS/SOS-1 project has been to enhance common understanding about requirements for nuclear safety by finding improved means of communicating on the subject in society. The project, which has been built around a number of seminars, was supported by limited research in three sub-projects: 1) Risk assessment, 2) Safety analysis, and 3) Strategies for safety management. The report describes an industry in change due to societal factors. The concepts of risk and safety, safety management and systems for regulatory oversight are described in the nuclear area and also, to widen the perspective, for other industrial areas. Transparency and public participation are described as key elements in good risk communication, and case studies are given. Environmental Impact Assessment and Strategic Environmental Assessment are described as important overall processes within which risk communication can take place. Safety culture, safety indicators and quality systems are important concepts in the nuclear safety area are very useful, but also offer important challenges for the future. They have been subject to special attention in the project. (au)

  8. Elements of nuclear safety

    CERN Document Server

    Libmann, Jacques

    1996-01-01

    This basically educational book is intended for all involved in nuclear facility safety. It dissects the principles and experiences conducive to the adoption of attitudes compliant with what is now known as "safety culture". This book is accessible to a wide range of readers.

  9. Safety analysis for `Fugen`

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-10-01

    The improvement of safety in nuclear power stations is an important proposition. Therefore also as to the safety evaluation, it is important to comprehensively and systematically execute it by referring to the operational experience and the new knowledge which is important for the safety throughout the period of use as well as before the construction and the start of operation of nuclear power stations. In this report, the results when the safety analysis for ``Fugen`` was carried out by referring to the newest technical knowledge are described. As the result, it was able to be confirmed that the safety of ``Fugen`` has been secured by the inherent safety and the facilities which were designed for securing the safety. The basic way of thinking on the safety analysis including the guidelines to be conformed to is mentioned. As to the abnormal transient change in operation and accidents, their definition, the events to be evaluated and the standards for judgement are reported. The matters which were taken in consideration at the time of the analysis are shown. The computation programs used for the analysis were REACT, HEATUP, LAYMON, FATRAC, SENHOR, LOTRAC, FLOOD and CONPOL. The analyses of the abnormal transient change in operation and accidents are reported on the causes, countermeasures, protective functions and results. (K.I.)

  10. Safety in cardiac surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Siregar, S.

    2013-01-01

    The monitoring of safety in cardiac surgery is a complex process, which involves many clinical, practical, methodological and statistical issues. The objective of this thesis was to measure and to compare safety in cardiac surgery in The Netherlands using the Netherlands Association for

  11. Safety Behaviors and Stuttering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowe, Robyn; Helgadottir, Fjola; Menzies, Ross; Heard, Rob; O'Brian, Sue; Packman, Ann; Onslow, Mark

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: Those who are socially anxious may use safety behaviors during feared social interactions to prevent negative outcomes. Safety behaviors are associated with anxiety maintenance and poorer treatment outcomes because they prevent fear extinction. Social anxiety disorder is often comorbid with stuttering. Speech pathologists reported in a…

  12. K Basin safety analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Porten, D.R.; Crowe, R.D.

    1994-12-16

    The purpose of this accident safety analysis is to document in detail, analyses whose results were reported in summary form in the K Basins Safety Analysis Report WHC-SD-SNF-SAR-001. The safety analysis addressed the potential for release of radioactive and non-radioactive hazardous material located in the K Basins and their supporting facilities. The safety analysis covers the hazards associated with normal K Basin fuel storage and handling operations, fuel encapsulation, sludge encapsulation, and canister clean-up and disposal. After a review of the Criticality Safety Evaluation of the K Basin activities, the following postulated events were evaluated: Crane failure and casks dropped into loadout pit; Design basis earthquake; Hypothetical loss of basin water accident analysis; Combustion of uranium fuel following dryout; Crane failure and cask dropped onto floor of transfer area; Spent ion exchange shipment for burial; Hydrogen deflagration in ion exchange modules and filters; Release of Chlorine; Power availability and reliability; and Ashfall.

  13. Formalizing Probabilistic Safety Claims

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herencia-Zapana, Heber; Hagen, George E.; Narkawicz, Anthony J.

    2011-01-01

    A safety claim for a system is a statement that the system, which is subject to hazardous conditions, satisfies a given set of properties. Following work by John Rushby and Bev Littlewood, this paper presents a mathematical framework that can be used to state and formally prove probabilistic safety claims. It also enables hazardous conditions, their uncertainties, and their interactions to be integrated into the safety claim. This framework provides a formal description of the probabilistic composition of an arbitrary number of hazardous conditions and their effects on system behavior. An example is given of a probabilistic safety claim for a conflict detection algorithm for aircraft in a 2D airspace. The motivation for developing this mathematical framework is that it can be used in an automated theorem prover to formally verify safety claims.

  14. Food Safety and Raw Milk

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... for Food Safety Get Ready to Grill Safely Protect Yourself When Eating Out Rules of the Game for Food Safety Safety Tips for Handling and Preparing Common Foods Steps to Safe and Healthy Fruits & Vegetables Social Media Graphics Food Safety Features Food Safety Newsletters Get ...

  15. A Teoria Crítica e o Cinema de Propaganda Totalitária: convergências entre o Nazi-fascismo e a indústria cultural (e algumas palavras sobre Riefenstahl e o pós-moderno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Schryver Kurtz

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo reconstrói a trajetória do debate relacionado à recepção da filmografia de Leni Riefenstahl, a autora dos mais importantes filmes de propaganda hitlerista. A dimensão linear e estetizante, tomada como pólo da leitura dessa filmografia, é flagrada e criticada pela autora, num trabalho que recupera a estratégia de interpretação da cultura proposta pelos mais expressivos representantes da teoria crítica.

  16. Use of Geographical Information Systems for billboards and points-of-sale surveillance in two Mexico cities Vigilancia de la propaganda de los productos del tabaco en espectaculares y en puntos de venta en dos ciudades de México usando un Sistema de Información Geográfica (GIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Eugenio Hernández-Ávila

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess the degree of compliance with current legislation using Geographic Information Systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Schools and billboards advertising tobacco were geo-referenced and the distance to schools were measured. Students’ access to purchasing tobacco products was observed. RESULTS: In Cuernavaca, billboards were found within 250 meter from schools and students had access to buying cigarettes. In Culiacan, students were less exposed to tobacco advertising. CONCLUSIONS: Geographic Information Systems were useful for studying compliance with the law and could also be useful for its continuous monitoring and for suggesting changes for diminishing tobacco advertising exposure. This exposure and the ease of access to purchasing cigarettes could explain the higher prevalence of active smokers among students in Cuernavaca. This suggests that current legislation is still not enough enforced for diminishing Mexican adolescents’ exposure to tobacco advertising and products.OBJETIVO: Determinar el grado de cumplimiento de la legislación y su impacto mediante la utilización de Sistemas de Información Geográfica (GIS. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se georreferenciaron escuelas y espectaculares con propaganda de tabaco en Culiacán y Cuernavaca. Se midió la distancia a las escuelas. Se observó si los estudiantes tenían acceso a comprar productos de tabaco. RESULTADOS: En Cuernavaca se encontraron espectaculares a 250 m de escuelas. Los estudiantes tenían acceso a adquirir productos del tabaco. En Culiacán los estudiantes estuvieron menos expuestos a propaganda y productos del tabaco. CONCLUSIONES: Los GIS fueron útiles para estudiar la observancia de la legislación actual y podrían serlo para monitorear su cumplimiento, así como para sugerir modificaciones que disminuyan la exposición a la propaganda de tabaco. Esta exposición y la facilidad para adquirir cigarrillos podrían explicar la prevalencia de fumadores activos m

  17. Controle sanitário da propaganda de bebidas alcoólicas no Brasil: estudo dos projetos de lei de 1988 a 2004 Sanitary control of alcohol advertisement in Brazil: a study of the law bills from 1988 to 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isa Cristina Lopes Falcão

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo analisa as propostas de projetos de lei para o controle sanitário da propaganda de bebidas alcoólicas nos meios de comunicação de massa, apresentados ao Congresso Nacional entre 1988 e 2004. Inserido em um debate de natureza ético-política, o controle sanitário dessa propaganda é uma questão controversa, pois os interesses pela proteção da saúde se confrontam com os interesses comerciais mesmo ante as evidências científicas de que o consumo crescente de álcool é um problema social e de saúde no mundo contemporâneo. Realizou-se a análise de conteúdo de 67 documentos, na qual se mostra que as propostas formuladas, majoritariamente, apresentam-se como estratégias de enfrentamento a essa propaganda, procurando desvincular valores associados ao produto que interferem na construção da identidade social de crianças e adolescentes e limitar o conteúdo das mensagens veiculadas nos meios de comunicação de massa, dado que este segmento está mais vulnerável. O estudo evidencia complexos desafios para o controle da propaganda, que implicam repensar a própria atuação do Estado ante esse relevante problema de Saúde Pública.This study analyses law bills towards the sanitary control of alcohol advertisement in the mass media presented to the Brazilian Congress from 1988 to 2004. The sanitary control of this advertising is a controversial issue bringing about an ethical-political debate in which the health-protecting interests conflict with commercial ones even after scientific evidence has established increasing alcohol intake as a health and social issue worldwide. The content analysis of 67 of such law bills was carried out, and these proposals were shown to consist mostly of strategies to both cope with alcohol advertising by dissociating from the product those values that might interfere with the children and teenagers' building of their social identity and limit advertisement contents in the mass media given the

  18. Exploratory analysis of the safety climate and safety behavior relationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, M D; Phillips, R A

    2004-01-01

    Safety climate refers to the degree to which employees believe true priority is given to organizational safety performance, and its measurement is thought to provide an "early warning" of potential safety system failure(s). However, researchers have struggled over the last 25 years to find empirical evidence to demonstrate actual links between safety climate and safety performance. A safety climate measure was distributed to manufacturing employees at the beginning of a behavioral safety initiative and redistributed one year later. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that perceptions of the importance of safety training were predictive of actual levels of safety behavior. The results also demonstrate that the magnitude of change in perceptual safety climate scores will not necessarily match actual changes (r=0.56, n.s.) in employee's safety behavior. This study obtained empirical links between safety climate scores and actual safety behavior. Confirming and contradicting findings within the extant safety climate literature, the results strongly suggest that the hypothesized climate-behavior-accident path is not as clear cut as commonly assumed. A statistical link between safety climate perceptions and safety behavior will be obtained when sufficient behavioral data is collected. The study further supports the use of safety climate measures as useful diagnostic tools in ascertaining employee's perceptions of the way that safety is being operationalized.

  19. Is Safety in Danger?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broncano-Berrocal, Fernando

    2014-01-01

    In “Knowledge Under Threat” (Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 2012), Tomas Bogardus proposes a counterexample to the safety condition for knowledge. Bogardus argues that the case demonstrates that unsafe knowledge is possible. I argue that the case just corroborates the well-known require...... offer a diagnosis of a common error about the kind of cases that are typically considered potential counterexamples to the necessity of the epistemic condition: proponents of the alleged counterexamples mistake a strong condition that I call super-safety for safety......In “Knowledge Under Threat” (Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 2012), Tomas Bogardus proposes a counterexample to the safety condition for knowledge. Bogardus argues that the case demonstrates that unsafe knowledge is possible. I argue that the case just corroborates the well......-known requirement that modal conditions like safety must be relativized to methods of belief formation. I explore several ways of relativizing safety to belief-forming methods and I argue that none is adequate: if methods were individuated in those ways, safety would fail to explain several much-discussed cases. I...

  20. Safety management practices and safety behaviour: assessing the mediating role of safety knowledge and motivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinodkumar, M N; Bhasi, M

    2010-11-01

    Safety management practices not only improve working conditions but also positively influence employees' attitudes and behaviours with regard to safety, thereby reducing accidents in workplace. This study measured employees' perceptions on six safety management practices and self-reported safety knowledge, safety motivation, safety compliance and safety participation by conducting a survey using questionnaire among 1566 employees belonging to eight major accident hazard process industrial units in Kerala, a state in southern part of India. The reliability and unidimesionality of all the scales were found acceptable. Path analysis using AMOS-4 software showed that some of the safety management practices have direct and indirect relations with the safety performance components, namely, safety compliance and safety participation. Safety knowledge and safety motivation were found to be the key mediators in explaining these relationships. Safety training was identified as the most important safety management practice that predicts safety knowledge, safety motivation, safety compliance and safety participation. These findings provide valuable guidance for researchers and practitioners for identifying the mechanisms by which they can improve safety of workplace. 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Ciência pela força? Dr. Abílio Cesar Borges e a propaganda contra o emprego da palmatória e outros meios aviltantes no ensino da mocidade (1856-1876 = Science by force? Dr. Abílio Cesar Borges and the propaganda against the use of paddling and other demeaning practices in youth instruction (1856-1876

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Sampaio

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Médico, gestor da instrução pública, dono de escola, homem de imprensa, autor de livros de destinação escolar, viajante, conselheiro da instrução, Dr. Abílio César Borges protagonizou algumas iniciativas na esfera pública e privada, como forma dedemonstrar princípios educativos que abraçara no que se refere aos métodos de ensino, aprendizagem da leitura e escrita, aritmética e geometria, educação infantil e castigos corporais, por exemplo. Ao ocupar distintas posições de saber e poder, o médico baiano procurou zelar por suas iniciativas, o que pode ser atestado na documentação expressiva produzida em vida. Neste trabalho, examinamos a propaganda que desenvolveu contra o emprego da palmatória e outros meios aviltantes no ensino da mocidade. Campanha tornada pública por meio de diversas manifestações entre 1856 e 1875, que foram reunidas em umopúsculo publicado em 1876. Nesta coleção de nove fragmentos do autor sobre o flagelo da infância, o médico forja a representação humana da escola, cujo bom exemplo poderia ser encontrado nos colégios de sua propriedade. Em 1876, para amplificar suas posições, aproxima-se do Jornal “O Globo”, reconhecendo este como aliado e veículo adequado para dar mais visibilidade a seu projeto de uma educação moral contra a violência física nas escolas.As a doctor, manager of public instruction, school owner, man of the press, schoolbook author, traveler, guidance counselor, Dr. Abilio César Borges undertook a few initiatives in the public and private sphere, as a means to demonstrate educational principles he supported with regard to methods of teaching, learning of reading, writing, arithmetic and geometry, childhood education and corporal punishments, for example. By occupying separate knowledge and power positions, the Bahia doctor sought to manage his initiatives, which can be endorsed in the expressive documentation produced in life. In this work, we examine the

  2. Managing electrical safety

    CERN Document Server

    Wiggins, James H, Jr

    2001-01-01

    Managing Electrical Safety provides an overview of electric basics, hazards, and established standards that enables you to understand the hazards you are likely to encounter in your workplace. Focusing on typical industrial environments-which utilize voltages much higher than household or office circuits-the author identifies the eight key components of an electrical safety program and examines each using a model safety management process. You'll learn how to identify electrical hazards, how to prescribe necessary electrical Personal Protective Equipment, how to ensure that equipment is de-ene

  3. LTE for public safety

    CERN Document Server

    Liebhart, Rainer; Wong, Curt; Merkel , Jürgen

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the book is to educate government agencies, operators, vendors and other regulatory institutions how LTE can be deployed to serve public safety market and offer regulatory / public safety features. It is written in such a way that it can be understood by both technical and non-technical personnel with just introductory knowledge in wireless communication. Some sections and chapters about public safety services offered by LTE network are intended to be understood by anyone with no knowledge in wireless communication.

  4. Safety shutdown separators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Steven Allen; Anakor, Ifenna Kingsley; Farrell, Greg Robert

    2015-06-30

    The present invention pertains to electrochemical cells which comprise (a) an anode; (b) a cathode; (c) a solid porous separator, such as a polyolefin, xerogel, or inorganic oxide separator; and (d) a nonaqueous electrolyte, wherein the separator comprises a porous membrane having a microporous coating comprising polymer particles which have not coalesced to form a continuous film. This microporous coating on the separator acts as a safety shutdown layer that rapidly increases the internal resistivity and shuts the cell down upon heating to an elevated temperature, such as 110.degree. C. Also provided are methods for increasing the safety of an electrochemical cell by utilizing such separators with a safety shutdown layer.

  5. Nuclear regulation and safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hendrie, J.M.

    1982-01-01

    Nuclear regulation and safety are discussed from the standpoint of a hypothetical country that is in the process of introducing a nuclear power industry and setting up a regulatory system. The national policy is assumed to be in favor of nuclear power. The regulators will have responsibility for economic, reliable electric production as well as for safety. Reactor safety is divided into three parts: shut it down, keep it covered, take out the afterheat. Emergency plans also have to be provided. Ways of keeping the core covered with water are discussed. (DLC)

  6. Systems Safety and Engineering Division

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Volpe's Systems Safety and Engineering Division conducts engineering, research, and analysis to improve transportation safety, capacity, and resiliency. We provide...

  7. MRI Safety during Pregnancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... News Physician Resources Professions Site Index A-Z MRI Safety During Pregnancy Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Illness ... during the exam? Contrast material MRI during pregnancy Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) If you are pregnant and your doctor ...

  8. Carbon Monoxide Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 189 KB Public service announcement: winter fire safety Stock photography Use these free, high resolution photos to ... Twitter Facebook Twitter Fire Prevention and Public Education Exchange The Exchange is a collection of national, state ...

  9. Vaccine Safety Datalink

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Vaccine Safety Datalink is part of the National Immunization Program within the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and was started in recognition of gaps in the scientific knowledge of rare vaccine side effects.

  10. Medical Device Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Communication Date FDA Warns Against Use of Injectable Silicone for Body Contouring and Enhancement: FDA Safety Communication ... 03/18/17 Neurovascular Thrombus Retrieval Catheters and Guide Catheters Used During Neurological Interventional Procedures: Differences in ...

  11. Organizational Culture and Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Catherine A.

    2003-01-01

    '..only a fool perseveres in error.' Cicero. Humans will break the most advanced technological devices and override safety and security systems if they are given the latitude. Within the workplace, the operator may be just one of several factors in causing accidents or making risky decisions. Other variables considered for their involvement in the negative and often catastrophic outcomes include the organizational context and culture. Many organizations have constructed and implemented safety programs to be assimilated into their culture to assure employee commitment and understanding of the importance of everyday safety. The purpose of this paper is to examine literature on organizational safety cultures and programs that attempt to combat vulnerability, risk taking behavior and decisions and identify the role of training in attempting to mitigate unsafe acts.

  12. Laser safety in dentistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweeney, Caroline

    2008-01-01

    Although many regulations and standards relating to laser safety are in effect, there continue to be an average of 35 laser injuries per year. Laser safety professionals believe that this number under-represents the actual number of injuries and that many more accidents per year occur that are not documented with federal agencies. A review of these accidents has determined that failing to wear available eye protection is one of the most frequent contributing factors to laser injuries. As the purchase and use of lasers in dentistry continues to grow, so must concern for laser safety. This article provides basic information to advance the safe use of lasers in dentistry and to help establish laser safety protocols for the dental office.

  13. Injury & Safety Report - Legacy

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Injury & Safety Report is a mandatory post trip legal document observers fill out to report any injuries they have incurred, illnesses they have had, or...

  14. Winter Weather: Outdoor Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... or Traumatic Event Resources for Families Resources for Leaders Resources for State and Local Governments Emergency Responders: ... Emergency Wound Care Wound Management for Healthcare Pros Power Outages When the Power Goes Out Worker Safety ...

  15. Winter Weather: Indoor Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... or Traumatic Event Resources for Families Resources for Leaders Resources for State and Local Governments Emergency Responders: ... Emergency Wound Care Wound Management for Healthcare Pros Power Outages When the Power Goes Out Worker Safety ...

  16. Practice Hospital Bed Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Updates Practice Hospital Bed Safety Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it More sharing options Linkedin Pin it Email Print Hospital Bed Entrapment Zones An ... the side edge of the head or foot board 7. between the head or foot board and ...

  17. Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    An assessment of NASA's safety performance for 1983 affirms that NASA Headquarters and Center management teams continue to hold the safety of manned flight to be their prime concern, and that essential effort and resources are allocated for maintaining safety in all of the development and operational programs. Those conclusions most worthy of NASA management concentration are given along with recommendations for action concerning; product quality and utility; space shuttle main engine; landing gear; logistics and management; orbiter structural loads, landing speed, and pitch control; the shuttle processing contractor; and the safety of flight operations. It appears that much needs to be done before the Space Transportation System can achieve the reliability necessary for safe, high rate, low cost operations.

  18. Swimming Pool Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Prevention Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Swimming Pool Safety Page Content ​What is the best way to keep my child safe around swimming pools? An adult should actively watch children at ...

  19. Safety in paediatric imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carter, D.; Filice, I.; Murray, D.; Thomas, K. [The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

    2006-01-01

    Those of us working in a dedicated paediatric environment are aware of the important safety issues with regard to paediatrics. Our goal when working with paediatric patients, the goal is to obtain the best quality images while keeping patients safe and their distress to a minimum. This article will discuss some of the issues regarding paediatric safety in a diagnostic imaging department, including radiation doses and the risk to paediatric patients, reducing medication errors, safe sedation practice and environmental safety. Also discussed are some conditions requiring special consideration to maintain patient safety such as epiglottitis and suspected child abuse. Promotion of a patient/family-centered care system will create an environment of trust where parents or guardians will know that their children are being well cared for in a safe, effective environment. (author)

  20. First Aid and Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Them Safely Preventing Dog Bites Selecting Safe Pets Sexting: What Parents Need to Know Taking Care of ... Vaccines Before Traveling? How to Choose & Use Sunscreen Sexting: What Parents Need to Know Printable Safety Guides ...

  1. Nanosensors for food safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhixiong; Sheng, Chenxing

    2014-01-01

    This review summarizes recent research and development of nanosensors applied to the food safety. Since the food safety is directly related to the people's health and life, the food detection has received considerable attentions. However, this food security has emerged in China as a severe problem in recent years. Food safety problems frequently compromised due to formaldehyde, poison vegetables, excessive pesticide residues, etc. These kinds of food contaminations could not be detected efficiently by traditional methods. Applying nanotechnology and nanominerals, various food contaminations can be identified accurately. Therefore nanosensors have been widely used in the food detection. We introduce current research on nanosensors followed by the industrial application of nanosensors. Finally, the challenges for the future food safety using nanosensors are discussed.

  2. APPLIED FARM FOOD SAFETY

    OpenAIRE

    Ender, Judit; Mikaczo, Andrea

    2008-01-01

    Recently there have been more and more foodborne illnesses being associated with fresh vegetable produce. In response to this, consumer confidence has been lowered with the safety of the vegetable industry. So, many retailers have recently announced programs requiring growers to have independent third-party inspections. The goal with this essay is to introduce a vegetable farm and reveal its food safety procedures from the seeding through shipping,. reviewing, evaluating, and strengthening cu...

  3. Criticality safety training

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woodruff, S.K. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1997-06-01

    Criticality safety training is an important element of the Plutonium Facility safety program at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Training consists of student self-study handbooks and hands-on performance-based training in a mock-up laboratory containing gloveboxes, trolley conveyor system, and self-monitoring instruments. A 10-minute video tape and lecture was presented to describe how training in this area is conducted.

  4. Safety Campaign Continues

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    If you see this poster, stop and read it! This is the third poster produced by TIS Division as part of its information campaign on health and safety in the workplace. It provides statistics on occupational accidents at CERN. You will see that, as in the rest of Europe, falls, slips and trips continue to be the main cause of accident. So, eyes open and take care! For more information : http://safety.cern.ch/

  5. Magnetic Resonance Safety

    OpenAIRE

    Sammet, Steffen

    2016-01-01

    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has a superior soft-tissue contrast compared to other radiological imaging modalities and its physiological and functional applications have led to a significant increase in MRI scans worldwide. A comprehensive MRI safety training to protect patients and other healthcare workers from potential bio-effects and risks of the magnetic fields in an MRI suite is therefore essential. The knowledge of the purpose of safety zones in an MRI suite as well as MRI appropri...

  6. Safety instruction No. 36

    CERN Multimedia

    SC Secretariat

    2005-01-01

    Please note that a revised version of Safety Instruction No. 36 (IS 36), entitled "Safety rules for the use of static magnetic fields at CERN" is available on the Web at the following url: https://edms.cern.ch/document/335801/LAST_RELEASED Paper copies can also be obtained from the SC unit secretariat (e-mail : sc.secretariat@cern.ch) SC Secretariat

  7. Software system safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uber, James G.

    1988-01-01

    Software itself is not hazardous, but since software and hardware share common interfaces there is an opportunity for software to create hazards. Further, these software systems are complex, and proven methods for the design, analysis, and measurement of software safety are not yet available. Some past software failures, future NASA software trends, software engineering methods, and tools and techniques for various software safety analyses are reviewed. Recommendations to NASA are made based on this review.

  8. Safety system status monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewis, J.R.; Morgenstern, M.H.; Rideout, T.H.; Cowley, P.J.

    1984-03-01

    The Pacific Northwest Laboratory has studied the safety aspects of monitoring the preoperational status of safety systems in nuclear power plants. The goals of the study were to assess for the NRC the effectiveness of current monitoring systems and procedures, to develop near-term guidelines for reducing human errors associated with monitoring safety system status, and to recommend a regulatory position on this issue. A review of safety system status monitoring practices indicated that current systems and procedures do not adequately aid control room operators in monitoring safety system status. This is true even of some systems and procedures installed to meet existing regulatory guidelines (Regulatory Guide 1.47). In consequence, this report suggests acceptance criteria for meeting the functional requirements of an adequate system for monitoring safety system status. Also suggested are near-term guidelines that could reduce the likelihood of human errors in specific, high-priority status monitoring tasks. It is recommended that (1) Regulatory Guide 1.47 be revised to address these acceptance criteria, and (2) the revised Regulatory Guide 1.47 be applied to all plants, including those built since the issuance of the original Regulatory Guide.

  9. Fuel safety research 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uetsuka, Hiroshi (ed.) [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment

    2000-07-01

    In April 1999, the Fuel Safety Research Laboratory was newly established as a result of reorganization of the Nuclear Safety Research Center, JAERI. The laboratory was organized by combining three laboratories, the Reactivity Accident Laboratory, the Fuel Reliability Laboratory, and a part of the Sever Accident Research Laboratory. Consequently, the Fuel Safety Research Laboratory is now in charge of all the fuel safety research in JAERI. Various types of experimental and analytical researches are conducted in the laboratory by using the unique facilities such as the Nuclear Safety Research Reactor (NSRR), the Japan Material Testing Reactor (JMTR), the Japan Research Reactor 3 (JRR-3) and hot cells in JAERI. The laboratory consists of five research groups corresponding to each research fields. They are; (a) Research group of fuel behavior under the reactivity initiated accident conditions (RIA group). (b) Research group of fuel behavior under the loss-of-coolant accident conditions (LOCA group). (c) Research group of fuel behavior under the normal operation conditions (JMTR/BOCA group). (d) Research group of fuel behavior analysis (FEMAXI group). (e) Research group of FP release/transport behavior from irradiated fuel (VEGA group). This report summarizes the outline of research activities and major outcomes of the research executed in 1999 in the Fuel Safety Research Laboratory. (author)

  10. Safety Basis Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R.J. Garrett

    2002-01-14

    As part of the internal Integrated Safety Management Assessment verification process, it was determined that there was a lack of documentation that summarizes the safety basis of the current Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) site characterization activities. It was noted that a safety basis would make it possible to establish a technically justifiable graded approach to the implementation of the requirements identified in the Standards/Requirements Identification Document. The Standards/Requirements Identification Documents commit a facility to compliance with specific requirements and, together with the hazard baseline documentation, provide a technical basis for ensuring that the public and workers are protected. This Safety Basis Report has been developed to establish and document the safety basis of the current site characterization activities, establish and document the hazard baseline, and provide the technical basis for identifying structures, systems, and components (SSCs) that perform functions necessary to protect the public, the worker, and the environment from hazards unique to the YMP site characterization activities. This technical basis for identifying SSCs serves as a grading process for the implementation of programs such as Conduct of Operations (DOE Order 5480.19) and the Suspect/Counterfeit Items Program. In addition, this report provides a consolidated summary of the hazards analyses processes developed to support the design, construction, and operation of the YMP site characterization facilities and, therefore, provides a tool for evaluating the safety impacts of changes to the design and operation of the YMP site characterization activities.

  11. Cryogenic safety organisation at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    With Safety being a top priority of CERN’s general policy, the Organisation defines and implements a Policy that sets out the general principles governing Safety at CERN. To the end of the attainment of said Safety objectives, the organic units (owners/users of the equipment) are assigned the responsibility for the implementation of the CERN Safety Policy at all levels of the organization, whereas the Health and Safety and Environmental Protection Unit (HSE) has the role of providing assistance for the implementation of the Safety Policy, and a monitoring role related to the implementation of continuous improvement of Safety, compliance with the Safety Rules and the handling of emergency situations. This talk will elaborate on the roles, responsibilities and organisational structure of the different stakeholders within the Organization with regards to Safety, and in particular to cryogenic safety. The roles of actors of particular importance such as the Cryogenic Safety Officers (CSOs) and the Cryogenic Sa...

  12. Leadership for safety: industrial experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flin, R; Yule, S

    2004-12-01

    The importance of leadership for effective safety management has been the focus of research attention in industry for a number of years, especially in energy and manufacturing sectors. In contrast, very little research into leadership and safety has been carried out in medical settings. A selective review of the industrial safety literature for leadership research with possible application in health care was undertaken. Emerging findings show the importance of participative, transformational styles for safety performance at all levels of management. Transactional styles with attention to monitoring and reinforcement of workers' safety behaviours have been shown to be effective at the supervisory level. Middle managers need to be involved in safety and foster open communication, while ensuring compliance with safety systems. They should allow supervisors a degree of autonomy for safety initiatives. Senior managers have a prime influence on the organisation's safety culture. They need to continuously demonstrate a visible commitment to safety, best indicated by the time they devote to safety matters.

  13. Safety Learning, Organizational Contradictions and the Dynamics of Safety Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ripamonti, Silvio Carlo; Scaratti, Giuseppe

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the enactment of safety routines in a transshipment port. Research on work safety and reliability has largely neglected the role of the workers' knowledge in practice in the enactment of organisational safety. The workers' lack of compliance with safety regulations represents an enduring problem…

  14. Labor unions and safety climate: perceived union safety values and retail employee safety outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclair, Robert R; Martin, James E; Sears, Lindsay E

    2010-09-01

    Although trade unions have long been recognized as a critical advocate for employee safety and health, safety climate research has not paid much attention to the role unions play in workplace safety. We proposed a multiple constituency model of workplace safety which focused on three central safety stakeholders: top management, ones' immediate supervisor, and the labor union. Safety climate research focuses on management and supervisors as key stakeholders, but has not considered whether employee perceptions about the priority their union places on safety contributes contribute to safety outcomes. We addressed this gap in the literature by investigating unionized retail employee (N=535) perceptions about the extent to which their top management, immediate supervisors, and union valued safety. Confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated that perceived union safety values could be distinguished from measures of safety training, workplace hazards, top management safety values, and supervisor values. Structural equation analyses indicated that union safety values influenced safety outcomes through its association with higher safety motivation, showing a similar effect as that of supervisor safety values. These findings highlight the need for further attention to union-focused measures related to workplace safety as well as further study of retail employees in general. We discuss the practical implications of our findings and identify several directions for future safety research. 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Software Safety Risk in Legacy Safety-Critical Computer Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Janice L.; Baggs, Rhoda

    2007-01-01

    Safety Standards contain technical and process-oriented safety requirements. Technical requirements are those such as "must work" and "must not work" functions in the system. Process-Oriented requirements are software engineering and safety management process requirements. Address the system perspective and some cover just software in the system > NASA-STD-8719.13B Software Safety Standard is the current standard of interest. NASA programs/projects will have their own set of safety requirements derived from the standard. Safety Cases: a) Documented demonstration that a system complies with the specified safety requirements. b) Evidence is gathered on the integrity of the system and put forward as an argued case. [Gardener (ed.)] c) Problems occur when trying to meet safety standards, and thus make retrospective safety cases, in legacy safety-critical computer systems.

  16. Entre information et propagande : la Grèce dans la presse britannique et française pendant la Première Guerre mondiale Between Information and Propaganda: Greece in the British and French Press during World War I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elli Lemonidou

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we present British and French propaganda during the First World War, whose aim was to shape and control, through the press, public opinion in these two countries. First, we examine the role of the official bodies responsible for propaganda, the Ministry of Information in Great Britain and the Maison de la presse in France, and the role of the censorship imposed on the press. This censorship was practised in a different way in the two countries, French censorship being much more rigorous than British. Next, we describe the image of Greece given through the English and French press during the First World War, specifying the events which the newspapers particularly concentrated on. We also mention the kind of information concerning Greek affairs which was banned by the censors. Finally, we present the various propagandist activities of the Greek government, notably its efforts to influence English and French journalistic circles, the subsidies given to newspapers and the creation of telegraphic agencies.

  17. Preoperative Safety Briefing Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Defontes, James; Surbida, Stephanie

    2004-01-01

    Increased media attention on surgical procedures that were performed on the wrong anatomic site or wrong patient has prompted the health care industry to identify and address human factors that lead to medical errors. To increase patient safety in the perioperative setting, our objective was to create a climate of improved communication, collaboration, team-work, and situational awareness while the surgical team reviewed pertinent information about the patient and the pending procedure. A team of doctors, nurses, and technicians used human factors principles to develop the Preoperative Safety Briefing for use by surgical teams, a briefing similar to the preflight checklist used by the airline industry. A six-month pilot of the briefing began in the Kaiser Permanente (KP) Anaheim Medical Center in February 2002. Four indicators of safety culture were used to measure success of the pilot: occurrence of wrong-site/wrong procedures, attitudinal survey data, near-miss reports, and nursing personnel turnover data. Wrong-site surgeries decreased from 3 to 0 (300%) per year; employee satisfaction increased 19%; nursing personnel turnover decreased 16%; and perception of the safety climate in the operating room improved from "good" to "outstanding." Operating suite personnel perception of teamwork quality improved substantially. Operating suite personnel perception of patient safety as a priority, of personnel communication, of their taking responsibility for patient safety, of nurse input being well received, of overall morale, and of medical errors being handled appropriately also improved substantially. Team members who work together and communicate well can quickly detect and more easily avoid errors. The Preoperative Safety Briefing is now standard in many operating suites in the KP Orange County Service Area. The concepts and design of this project are transferable, and similar projects are underway in the Departments of Radiology and of Labor and Delivery at KP

  18. NSTA Portal to Science Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Ken

    2010-01-01

    The National Science Teachers Association's (NSTA) Science Safety Advisory Board recently launched the Safety in the Science Classroom portal. This portal serves as a gateway to safety resources for teachers, supervisors, and administrators. It also contains an evolving list of safety resources for elementary, middle, and high schools. The list…

  19. Safety brings CERNois together

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2012-01-01

    The World Day for Health and Safety at Work, which was celebrated at CERN on 27 April, provided an opportunity for the safety professionals and members of the CERN personnel to get together to discuss joint concerns. It was a good opportunity for people to learn to distinguish between good and bad habits.   Members of the CERN Fire Brigade advise the Director-General. Two weeks ago, for the second year running, CERN’s restaurants hosted World Day for Health and Safety at Work stands. And once again, the stands attracted considerable interest. “Many people consulted our experts on safety issues relating in particular to ergonomics and electrical risks, the two themes to which we devoted particular attention this time,” explained Charles-Edouard Sala, a member of the BE Department’s Safety Unit and co-organiser of the event. The cardiac massage competition organised by members of CERN's Fire Brigade attracted a large number of competitors. No fe...

  20. Nonclinical Safety and Toxicology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stark, Claudia; Steger-Hartmann, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    Nonclinical safety pharmacology and toxicology testing of drug candidates assess the potential adverse effects caused by the drug in relation to its intended use in humans. Hazards related to a drug have to be identified and the potential risks at the intended exposure have to be evaluated in comparison to the potential benefit of the drug. Preclinical safety is thus an integral part of drug discovery and drug development. It still causes significant attrition during drug development.Therefore, there is a need for smart selection of drug candidates in drug discovery including screening of important safety endpoints. In the recent years,there was significant progress in computational and in vitro technology allowing in silico assessment as well as high-throughput screening of some endpoints at very early stages of discovery. Despite all this progress, in vivo evaluation of drug candidates is still an important part to safety testing. The chapter provides an overview on the most important areas of nonclinical safety screening during drug discovery of small molecules.

  1. MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Stepanov

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The issues of vehicle safety are considered. The methodology of approach to analyzing and solving the problem of safety management of vehicles and overall traffic is offered. The distinctive features of organization and management of vehicle safety are shown. There has been drawn a conclusion that the methodological approach to solving traffic safety problems is reduced to selection and classification of safety needs.

  2. Integrated Safety in Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Casper Siebken; Jørgensen, Kirsten

    2014-01-01

    consider OHS in execution as a responsibility of the contractors. The output of this stage is a systematic and structured conceptual framework that couples OHS-risks in construction (health, safety and mental health) to the stages in the design and engineering processes. Moreover the framework includes...... a focus on processual elements, constraints and prevention strategies and also includes a tool to address OHS risks in the design processes. The approach stresses how complying with legislation should only be seen as a minimum condition in design and engineering. Incentives to prioritize OHS in design......An on-going research project investigates the inclusion of health and safety considerations in the design phase as a means to achieve a higher level of health and safety in the construction industry. Moreover, the approach is coupled to the overall quality efforts. Two architectural firms and two...

  3. Process and plant safety

    CERN Document Server

    Hauptmanns, Ulrich

    2015-01-01

    Accidents in technical installations are random events. Hence they cannot be totally avoided. Only the probability of their occurrence may be reduced and their consequences be mitigated. The book proceeds from hazards caused by materials and process conditions to indicating technical and organizational measures for achieving the objectives of reduction and mitigation. Qualitative methods for identifying weaknesses of design and increasing safety as well as models for assessing accident consequences are presented. The quantitative assessment of the effectiveness of safety measures is explained. The treatment of uncertainties plays a role there. They stem from the random character of the accident and from lacks of knowledge on some of the phenomena to be addressed. The reader is acquainted with the simulation of accidents, safety and risk analyses and learns how to judge the potential and limitations of mathematical modelling. Risk analysis is applied amongst others to “functional safety” and the determinat...

  4. Recalls, Market Withdrawals and Safety Alerts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home Safety Recalls, Market Withdrawals, & Safety Alerts Recalls, Market Withdrawals, & Safety Alerts Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it ... Safety Alerts Archive. Sign up to receive Recalls, Market Withdrawals and Safety Alerts . * FDA Employees: Use Chrome ...

  5. Nuclear Reactor Safety; (USA)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cason, D.L.; Hicks, S.C. (eds.)

    1991-01-01

    This publication announces on an monthly basis the current worldwide information available on all safety-related aspects of reactors, including: accident analysis, safety systems, radiation protection, decommissioning and dismantling, and security measures. This publication contains the abstracts of DOE reports, journal articles, conference papers, patents, theses, and monographs added to the Energy Science and Technology Database (EDB) during the past month. Also included are other US information obtained through acquisition programs or interagency agreements and international information obtained through the International Energy Agency's Technology Data Exchange, the International Atomic Energy Agency's International Nuclear Information System, or government-to-government agreements.

  6. VACCINATION SAFETY: MODERN DATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.К. Tatochenko

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Vaccination aided disease control over infection pathology among the children led to elimination of smallpox and poliomyelitis, drastic decrease of the tuberculous meningitis recurrences, tetanus, measles and other infection diseases and their complications. At the same time, Russia is still afraid to apply certain vaccines. The reasons for that are mainly subjective. This is the unjustified caution related to the fear that it may cause severe vaccine associated complications. The data in view of the lecture indicates the safety of the vaccinal prevention procedures and measures for the prevention of their complications.Key words: vaccinal prevention, vaccination complications, vaccination safety, children.

  7. The safety leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lees, Howard; Faulkner, Bruce

    2010-01-01

    In this paper the authors present a careful consideration about the role of leadership, the fundamental element for the success of Behavior-Based Safety (B-BS) programs within companies. Lees and Faulkner have been training, coaching and writing about Behavior-Based Safety for the last ten years. Considerable data has been gathered during this process and the paramount factor in its success is leadership. An effective leader can create many spectacular successes. The success stories are all predicated on good leadership, without that a good product, great processes and quality people are all wasted and often find themselves on the rocks of frustration.

  8. Seismic Safety Guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eagling, D.G. (ed.)

    1983-09-01

    This guide provides managers with practical guidelines for administering a comprehensive earthquake safety program. The Guide is comprehensive with respect to earthquakes in that it covers the most important aspects of natural hazards, site planning, evaluation and rehabilitation of existing buildings, design of new facilities, operational safety, emergency planning, special considerations related to shielding blocks, non-structural elements, lifelines, fire protection and emergency facilities. Management of risk and liabilities is also covered. Nuclear facilities per se are not dealt with specifically. The principles covered also apply generally to nuclear facilities but the design and construction of such structures are subject to special regulations and legal controls.

  9. CERN safety week

    CERN Multimedia

    DG Unit

    2009-01-01

    Following an increase in the number of accidents in 2008, the Safety Commission is organising a CERN safety week from 8 to 12 June for riders of bicycles, scooters and motorbikes. We invite you to take part in the programme, which will be held in the Main Building (Bldg. 500) and will consist of an exhibition, organised events and hands-on activities, including demonstrations of emergency braking, a driving simulator, simulation of what it feels like to drive under the influence of alcohol, demonstrations by the Fire Brigade, video projections, etc. There will also be a number of prizes to be won. Please sign up via your DSO.

  10. Software Safety and Security

    CERN Document Server

    Nipkow, T; Hauptmann, B

    2012-01-01

    Recent decades have seen major advances in methods and tools for checking the safety and security of software systems. Automatic tools can now detect security flaws not only in programs of the order of a million lines of code, but also in high-level protocol descriptions. There has also been something of a breakthrough in the area of operating system verification. This book presents the lectures from the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Tools for Analysis and Verification of Software Safety and Security; a summer school held at Bayrischzell, Germany, in 2011. This Advanced Study Institute was

  11. Safety detaching hook specification.

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Roux, JD

    1999-05-01

    Full Text Available not open or detach when tilted horizontally in a slack rope event or when struck by a falling object (as described in paragraph 2.4 (d) (ii)). f) Design Drawings and Calculations Detailed design drawings and calculations shall be compiled for all safety... in a data book (defined in paragraph 2.5 (f)). a) Material Testing Safety detaching hook materials shall conform to the requirements of BS 27723 Part 2 (unless otherwise specified) and test pieces shall also be prepared and tested in accordance...

  12. IMPROVING PATIENT SAFETY:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bagger, Bettan; Taylor Kelly, Hélène; Hørdam, Britta

    Improving patient safety is both a national and international priority as millions of patients Worldwide suffer injury or death every year due to unsafe care. University College Zealand employs innovative pedagogical approaches in educational design. Regional challenges related to geographic......, social and cultural factors have resulted in a greater emphasis upon digital technology. Attempts to improve patient safety by optimizing students’ competencies in relation to the reporting of clinical errors, has resulted in the development of an interdisciplinary e-learning concept. The program makes...

  13. The association between EMS workplace safety culture and safety outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Matthew D; Wang, Henry E; Fairbanks, Rollin J; Patterson, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Prior studies have highlighted wide variation in emergency medical services (EMS) workplace safety culture across agencies. To determine the association between EMS workplace safety culture scores and patient or provider safety outcomes. We administered a cross-sectional survey to EMS workers affiliated with a convenience sample of agencies. We recruited these agencies from a national EMS management organization. We used the EMS Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (EMS-SAQ) to measure workplace safety culture and the EMS Safety Inventory (EMS-SI), a tool developed to capture self-reported safety outcomes from EMS workers. The EMS-SAQ provides reliable and valid measures of six domains: safety climate, teamwork climate, perceptions of management, working conditions, stress recognition, and job satisfaction. A panel of medical directors, emergency medical technicians and paramedics, and occupational epidemiologists developed the EMS-SI to measure self-reported injury, medical errors and adverse events, and safety-compromising behaviors. We used hierarchical linear models to evaluate the association between EMS-SAQ scores and EMS-SI safety outcome measures. Sixteen percent of all respondents reported experiencing an injury in the past three months, four of every 10 respondents reported an error or adverse event (AE), and 89% reported safety-compromising behaviors. Respondents reporting injury scored lower on five of the six domains of safety culture. Respondents reporting an error or AE scored lower for four of the six domains, while respondents reporting safety-compromising behavior had lower safety culture scores for five of the six domains. Individual EMS worker perceptions of workplace safety culture are associated with composite measures of patient and provider safety outcomes. This study is preliminary evidence of the association between safety culture and patient or provider safety outcomes.

  14. Deep Borehole Disposal Safety Analysis.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freeze, Geoffrey A. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Stein, Emily [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Price, Laura L. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); MacKinnon, Robert J. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Tillman, Jack Bruce [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2016-10-01

    This report presents a preliminary safety analysis for the deep borehole disposal (DBD) concept, using a safety case framework. A safety case is an integrated collection of qualitative and quantitative arguments, evidence, and analyses that substantiate the safety, and the level of confidence in the safety, of a geologic repository. This safety case framework for DBD follows the outline of the elements of a safety case, and identifies the types of information that will be required to satisfy these elements. At this very preliminary phase of development, the DBD safety case focuses on the generic feasibility of the DBD concept. It is based on potential system designs, waste forms, engineering, and geologic conditions; however, no specific site or regulatory framework exists. It will progress to a site-specific safety case as the DBD concept advances into a site-specific phase, progressing through consent-based site selection and site investigation and characterization.

  15. Hospital safety climate and safety behavior: A social exchange perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ancarani, Alessandro; Di Mauro, Carmela; Giammanco, Maria D

    Safety climate is considered beneficial to the improvement of hospital safety outcomes. Nevertheless, the relations between two of its key constituents, namely those stemming from leader-subordinate relations and coworker support for safety, are still to be fully ascertained. This article uses the theoretical lens of Social Exchange Theory to study the joint impact of leader-member exchange in the safety sphere and coworker support for safety on safety-related behavior at the hospital ward level. Social exchange constructs are further related to the existence of a shame-/blame-free environment, seen as a potential antecedent of safety behavior. A cross-sectional study including 166 inpatients in hospital wards belonging to 10 public hospitals in Italy was undertaken to test the hypotheses developed. Hypothesized relations have been analyzed through a fully mediated multilevel structural equation model. This methodology allows studying behavior at the individual level, while keeping into account the heterogeneity among hospital specialties. Results suggest that the linkage between leader support for safety and individual safety behavior is mediated by coworker support on safety issues and by the creation of a shame-free environment. These findings call for the creation of a safety climate in which managerial efforts should be directed not only to the provision of new safety resources and the enforcement of safety rules but also to the encouragement of teamwork and freedom to report errors as ways to foster the capacity of the staff to communicate, share, and learn from each other.

  16. Safety of intranasal corticosteroids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bensch, Greg W

    2016-12-01

    Concurrent use of intranasal corticosteroids (INCSs) and inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) is indicated for patients who are comorbid for asthma and allergic rhinitis. Clinicians need to know the data regarding INCS safety for their patients with asthma. To discuss INCS safety data for the use of INCSs in patients with asthma and allergic rhinitis. INCS safety studies were selected for their relevance to the discussion. To date, most studies regarding INCS safety are performed in patients with allergic rhinitis. These studies reveal no evidence of increased risk of nasal atrophy, and only isolated cases of septal perforation have been reported. Evidence of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis suppression is inconsistent and not clinically significant. Early growth studies indicated that beclomethasone dipropionate but not other INCSs have systemic effects on growth; however, newer, larger, and better designed studies are detecting small but significant growth effects in other INCSs. INCSs do not increase the risk of cataracts or glaucoma, although there are anecdotal data on transient elevated intraocular pressure. Data on concurrent use of INCSs and ICSs are limited, but these limited data reveal no evidence of systemic effects on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. More studies of concurrent therapy are needed because concurrent use of ICSs and INCSs is common in practice. Clinicians might want to consider monitoring whether there are risk factors, such as a family history of glaucoma. Copyright © 2016 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Safety and Science Teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Virginia State Dept. of Education, Richmond. Div. of Sciences and Elementary Administration.

    This 10-chapter handbook (designed for science teachers and school administrators) describes known hazards associated with science teaching and provides information to develop a framework for local safety programs specifically designed to avoid or neutralize the effects of such hazards. Major areas addressed in the chapters include: (1) the nature…

  18. Fire Safety Training Handbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montgomery County Dept. of Fire and Rescue Services, Rockville, MD. Div. of Fire Prevention.

    Designed for a community fire education effort, particularly in which local volunteers present general information on fire safety to their fellow citizens, this workbook contains nine lessons. Included are an overview of the household fire problem; instruction in basic chemistry and physics of fire, flammable liquids, portable fire extinguishers,…

  19. Safety Picks up "STEAM"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Ken

    2016-01-01

    This column shares safety information for the classroom. STEAM subjects--science, technology, engineering, art, and mathematics--are essential for fostering students' 21st-century skills. STEAM promotes critical-thinking skills, including analysis, assessment, categorization, classification, interpretation, justification, and prediction, and are…

  20. Safety nets or straitjackets?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ilsøe, Anna

    2012-01-01

    Does regulation of working hours at national and sector level impose straitjackets, or offer safety nets to employees seeking working time flexibility? This article compares legislation and collective agreements in the metal industries of Denmark, Germany and the USA. The industry has historically...

  1. Airline Safety and Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    This video documents efforts at NASA Langley Research Center to improve safety and economy in aircraft. Featured are the cockpit weather information needs computer system, which relays real time weather information to the pilot, and efforts to improve techniques to detect structural flaws and corrosion, such as the thermal bond inspection system.

  2. STATIN SAFETY REVISITED DATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. M. Drapkina

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Questions of statins use in liver diseases are discussed. Data from clinical studies on statins safety in cardiac patients with liver diseases are presented. Features of statins use in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, viral hepatitis C are considered separately.

  3. Safety Instruction No 43

    CERN Document Server

    2004-01-01

    Please note that the Safety Instruction No 43 (IS 43) entitled "ASBESTOS - DANGERS AND PRECAUTIONS" is available on the web at the following URL: https://edms.cern.ch/document/335809/LAST_RELEASED/ Paper copies can also be obtained from the SC secretariat, e-mail: tis.secretariat@cern.ch. SC Secretariat

  4. FEATURES ROAD SAFETY AUDIT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Abramova

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Development of the road network, increasing motorization of the population significantly increase the risk of accidents. Experts in the field of traffic are developing methods to reduce the probability of accidents. The ways of solving the problems of road safety audit at various stages of the «life» of roads are considered.

  5. Laboratory safety handbook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skinner, E.L.; Watterson, C.A.; Chemerys, J.C.

    1983-01-01

    Safety, defined as 'freedom from danger, risk, or injury,' is difficult to achieve in a laboratory environment. Inherent dangers, associated with water analysis and research laboratories where hazardous samples, materials, and equipment are used, must be minimized to protect workers, buildings, and equipment. Managers, supervisors, analysts, and laboratory support personnel each have specific responsibilities to reduce hazards by maintaining a safe work environment. General rules of conduct and safety practices that involve personal protection, laboratory practices, chemical handling, compressed gases handling, use of equipment, and overall security must be practiced by everyone at all levels. Routine and extensive inspections of all laboratories must be made regularly by qualified people. Personnel should be trained thoroughly and repetitively. Special hazards that may involve exposure to carcinogens, cryogenics, or radiation must be given special attention, and specific rules and operational procedures must be established to deal with them. Safety data, reference materials, and texts must be kept available if prudent safety is to be practiced and accidents prevented or minimized.

  6. Safety Awareness & Communications Internship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jefferson, Zanani

    2015-01-01

    The projects that I have worked on during my internships were updating the JSC Safety & Health Action Team JSAT Employee Guidebook, conducting a JSC mishap case study, preparing for JSC Today Close Call success stories, and assisting with event planning and awareness.

  7. Serious about safety

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Landman, K

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available in the creation of safer environments, by being aware of and employing the principles of crime prevention through environmental design. These principles and the entire approach, can be incorporated in Community Safety Plans, as part of the broader community...

  8. Bumpers: Traffic Safety Tips

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-01-01

    This fact sheet, NHTSA Facts: Summer 1996, discusses automobile bumpers. It notes that a car bumper is not a safety device to prevent or reduce injuries to people in the car. Instead, it is designed to protect the hood, trunk, grille, parking lights,...

  9. Workplace Safety and Women

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2009-05-11

    This women's health podcast focuses on four important issues for women at work: job stress, work schedules, reproductive health, and workplace violence.  Created: 5/11/2009 by Office of Women's Health (OWH) and National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).   Date Released: 5/11/2009.

  10. Motor Vehicle Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... you can do to be safer on the road: Make sure your vehicle is safe and in working order Use car seats for children Wear your seat belt Don't speed or drive aggressively Don't drive impaired Safety also involves being aware of others. Share the ...

  11. Alcohol and Traffic Safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickman, Frances Baker, Ed.

    1988-01-01

    Seven papers discuss current issues and applied social research concerning alcohol traffic safety. Prevention, policy input, methodology, planning strategies, anti-drinking/driving programs, social-programmatic orientations of Mothers Against Drunk Driving, Kansas Driving Under the Influence Law, New Jersey Driving While Impaired Programs,…

  12. Chemical Safety – Introduction

    CERN Multimedia

    DG Unit

    2009-01-01

    A course of "Chemical Safety – Introduction" will be held in English on 29 May 2009, 9:30-12:00. There are some places left. If you are interested in participating, please register on the Training Catalogue. You will then receive an invitation by email.

  13. Safety concerns us all

    CERN Multimedia

    SC/GS/S

    2004-01-01

    In spite of periodic safety inspections, risks can never be entirely excluded. The Safety Commission invites you to inform your supervisor or Territorial Safety Officer (TSO) of any hazardous situations you may be aware of. Actions to be taken following the fall of two windowpanes A few weeks ago, a windowpane fell from the third floor of an office building, causing minor damage to a car parked outside. No one was hurt in the incident. The putty holding the window in place had gradually deteriorated over time, and strong winds undoubtedly triggered the incident. A few weeks later, a sudden draft caused a window on the fifth floor of the same building to shatter and fall to the ground below. No one was hurt and there was no material damage. The incident was caused by a fan set into the opening window: as the window slammed shut, the weight of the fan caused the glass to break. What can we do to improve safety? examine the windows of our offices and workshops and report any problems or faults, such as dam...

  14. Road lighting for safety.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreuder, D.A.

    2000-01-01

    This book is aimed at broad readership, not especially at lighting experts. Lighting is presented as a system, as part of the public highway. Much attention is paid to subjects not greatly covered in the specialist literature, such as environmental aspects, traffic safety, crime prevention, and the

  15. Safety Assessment of Probiotics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lahtinen, Sampo J.; Boyle, Robert J.; Margolles, Abelardo; Frias, Rafael; Gueimonde, Miguel

    Viable microbes have been a natural part of human diet throughout the history of mankind. Today, different fermented foods and other foods containing live microbes are consumed around the world, including industrialized countries, where the diet has become increasingly sterile during the last decades. By definition, probiotics are viable microbes with documented beneficial effects on host health. Probiotics have an excellent safety record, both in humans and in animals. Despite the wide and continuously increasing consumption of probiotics, adverse events related to probiotic use are extremely rare. Many popular probiotic strains such as lactobacilli and bifidobacteria can be considered as components of normal healthy intestinal microbiota, and thus are not thought to pose a risk for the host health - in contrast, beneficial effects on health are commonly reported. Nevertheless, the safety of probiotics is an important issue, in particular in the case of new potential probiotics which do not have a long history of safe use, and of probiotics belonging to species for which general assumption of safety cannot be made. Furthermore, safety of probiotics in high-risk populations such as critically ill patients and immunocompromized subjects deserves particular attention, as virtually all reported cases of bacteremia and fungemia associated with probiotic use, involve subjects with underlying diseases, compromised immune system or compromised intestinal integrity.

  16. Current anticoagulant safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denas, Gentian; Pengo, Vittorio

    2012-05-01

    Currently used anticoagulants such as unfractionated heparin, low-molecular-weight heparin and vitamin K antagonists, have several drawbacks, mostly related to safety. In this review, we will briefly discuss and compare the safety of anticoagulation therapy with 'old' and new agents. Safety issues with anticoagulation therapy are mostly related to bleeding. The intensity of anticoagulation is related to the risk of bleeding and thus, for the efficacy not to be affected, must be maintained at the lower effective intensity. Several improvements have been made in the management of anticoagulation therapy; these include monitoring, pathology-based treatment schemes taking into account patient characteristics, patient education and the introduction of anticoagulation centers. Safety of novel anticoagulants is encouraging. Novel agents have the potential to compete with existing therapy for thromboprophylaxis, treatment and stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation. Promising results have emerged from trials comparing them with existing treatment. Not long from now we will see these new agents in the armamentarium of antithrombotic drugs.

  17. Fuel safety research 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uetsuka, Hiroshi (ed.) [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment

    2002-11-01

    The Fuel Safety Research Laboratory is in charge of research activity which covers almost research items related to fuel safety of water reactor in JAERI. Various types of experimental and analytical researches are being conducted by using some unique facilities such as the Nuclear Safety Research Reactor (NSRR), the Japan Material Testing Reactor (JMTR), the Japan Research Reactor 3 (JRR-3) and the Reactor Fuel Examination Facility (RFEF) of JAERI. The research to confirm the safety of high burn-up fuel and MOX fuel under accident conditions is the most important item among them. The laboratory consists of following five research groups corresponding to each research fields; Research group of fuel behavior under the reactivity initiated accident conditions (RIA group). Research group of fuel behavior under the loss-of-coolant accident conditions (LOCA group). Research group of fuel behavior under the normal operation conditions (JMTR/BOCA group). Research group of fuel behavior analysis (FEMAXI group). Research group of radionuclides release and transport behavior from irradiated fuel under severe accident conditions (VEGA group). The research conducted in the year 2001 produced many important data and information. They are, for example, the fuel behavior data under BWR power oscillation conditions in the NSRR, the data on failure-bearing capability of hydrided cladding under LOCA conditions and the FP release data at very high temperature in steam which simulate the reactor core condition during severe accidents. This report summarizes the outline of research activities and major outcomes of the research executed in 2001 in the Fuel Safety Research Laboratory. (author)

  18. Using a safety forecast model to calculate future safety metrics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-01

    This research sought to identify a process to improve long-range planning prioritization by using forecasted : safety metrics in place of the existing Utah Department of Transportation Safety Indexa metric based on historical : crash data. The res...

  19. Safety climate and attitude as evaluation measures of organizational safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isla Díaz, R; Díaz Cabrera, D

    1997-09-01

    The main aim of this research is to develop a set of evaluation measures for safety attitudes and safety climate. Specifically it is intended: (a) to test the instruments; (b) to identify the essential dimensions of the safety climate in the airport ground handling companies; (c) to assess the quality of the differences in the safety climate for each company and its relation to the accident rate; (d) to analyse the relationship between attitudes and safety climate; and (e) to evaluate the influences of situational and personal factors on both safety climate and attitude. The study sample consisted of 166 subjects from three airport companies. Specifically, this research was centered on ground handling departments. The factor analysis of the safety climate instrument resulted in six factors which explained 69.8% of the total variance. We found significant differences in safety attitudes and climate in relation to type of enterprise.

  20. Propaganda Impressa de Serviços Educacionais: uma investigação sobre o impacto da fotografia das instalações e do testemunhal sobre atitudesPrint Advertising of Educational Services: an investigation on the impact of the pictures facilities and testimonial about attitudesPropaganda Impresa de Servicios Educacionales: una investigación sobre el impacto de la fotografía de las instalaciones y del testimonio sobre actitudes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AYROSA, Eduardo André Teixeira

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOAssim como diversas outras organizações de serviços, algumas instituições de ensino superior investem em propaganda impressa para atrair candidatos para seus cursos. A literatura sobre comunicação de serviços sugere que a utilização de estímulos como fotografias das instalações e testemunhais de alunos e ex-alunos são formas de tangibilizar a oferta como de serviços tão fortemente intangíveis quanto os educacionais. Neste trabalho, é investigado o impacto de dois tipos de argumento usados em anúncios de serviços educacionais, sobre as atitudes do público de instituições de ensino superior. A definição dos dois tipos de argumento foi feita com base no “paradigma das pistas”, cue paradigm (OLSON; JACOBY, 1972. Os argumentos usados foram fotografias das instalações (uma pista intrínseca, segundo o paradigma das pistas e testemunhos de alunos (uma pista extrínseca. Foi conduzido um experimento para avaliar não apenas o efeito dos quatro níveis de tipo de argumento (ausência de pistas, somente intrínsecas, somente extrínsecas, intrínsecas e extrínsecas combinadas sobre atitudes do público, mas também o efeito do nível de envolvimento do público com instituições de ensino em cada uma das quatro condições do experimento. Resultados mostram que, embora não tenham sido detectadas diferenças entre efeitos dos quatro tipos de argumento sobre atitudes dos públicos, os respondentes com baixo nível de envolvimento na dimensão valores/auto-imagem demonstraram atitudes mais favoráveis em relação à intenção de matrícula quando expostos a testemunhal (pista extrínseca.ABSTRACTJust like other services organizations, some higher education institutions have invested in printed advertising to attract applicants. The services management literature suggests that using stimuli such as pictures of the facilities and alumni testimonials may help to turn tangible the offer of services so strongly intangible

  1. The road safety audit and road safety inspection.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2007-01-01

    A road safety audit (RSA) and a road safety inspection (RSI) are used to test the safety level of the road infrastructure. The RSA tests the design of new roads or the reconstruction of existing roads, whereas the RSI is used for testing existing roads. An RSA, therefore, aims to 'improve' the road

  2. [Agricultural biotechnology safety assessment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClain, Scott; Jones, Wendelyn; He, Xiaoyun; Ladics, Gregory; Bartholomaeus, Andrew; Raybould, Alan; Lutter, Petra; Xu, Haibin; Wang, Xue

    2015-01-01

    Genetically modified (GM) crops were first introduced to farmers in 1995 with the intent to provide better crop yield and meet the increasing demand for food and feed. GM crops have evolved to include a thorough safety evaluation for their use in human food and animal feed. Safety considerations begin at the level of DNA whereby the inserted GM DNA is evaluated for its content, position and stability once placed into the crop genome. The safety of the proteins coded by the inserted DNA and potential effects on the crop are considered, and the purpose is to ensure that the transgenic novel proteins are safe from a toxicity, allergy, and environmental perspective. In addition, the grain that provides the processed food or animal feed is also tested to evaluate its nutritional content and identify unintended effects to the plant composition when warranted. To provide a platform for the safety assessment, the GM crop is compared to non-GM comparators in what is typically referred to as composition equivalence testing. New technologies, such as mass spectrometry and well-designed antibody-based methods, allow better analytical measurements of crop composition, including endogenous allergens. Many of the analytical methods and their intended uses are based on regulatory guidance documents, some of which are outlined in globally recognized documents such as Codex Alimentarius. In certain cases, animal models are recommended by some regulatory agencies in specific countries, but there is typically no hypothesis or justification of their use in testing the safety of GM crops. The quality and standardization of testing methods can be supported, in some cases, by employing good laboratory practices (GLP) and is recognized in China as important to ensure quality data. Although the number of recommended, in some cases, required methods for safety testing are increasing in some regulatory agencies, it should be noted that GM crops registered to date have been shown to be

  3. Globalisation and blood safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrugia, Albert

    2009-05-01

    Globalisation may be viewed as the growing interdependence of countries worldwide through the increasing volume and variety of cross-border transactions in goods and services, and also through the more rapid and widespread diffusion of technology. Globalisation is not just an economic phenomenon, although it is frequently described as such, but includes commerce, disease and travel, and immigration, and as such it affects blood safety and supply in various ways. The relatively short travel times offered by modern aviation can result in the rapid spread of blood-borne pathogens before measures to counteract transmission can be put in place; this would have happened with SARS if the basic life cycle of the SARS virus included an asymptomatic viraemia. This risk can be amplified by ecological factors which effect the spread of these pathogens once they are transferred to a naïve ecosystem, as happened with West Nile Virus (WNV) in North America. The rationalization and contraction of the plasma products industry may be viewed as one aspect of globalisation imposed by the remorseless inevitability of the market; the effect of this development on the safety and supply of products has yet to be seen, but the oversight and assurance of a shrinking number of players will present particular challenges. Similarly, the monopolization of technology, through patent enforcement which puts access beyond the reach of developing countries, can have an effect on blood safety. The challenges presented to blood safety by globalisation are heightening the tensions between the traditional focus on the product safety - zero risk paradigm and the need to view the delivery of safe blood as an integrated process. As an illustration of this tension, donor deferral measures imposed by globalisation-induced risks such as vCJD and WNV have resulted in the loss of the safest and most committed portion of the blood donor population in many Western countries, leading to an increased risk to

  4. 2013 Traffic Safety Culture Index

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... death in the United States. 2013 Traffic Safety Culture Index January 2014 607 14th Street, NW, Suite ... org | 202-638-5944 Title 2013 Traffic Safety Culture Index (January 2014) About the Sponsor AAA Foundation ...

  5. Safety Pilot Model Deployment Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — This data were collected during the Safety Pilot Model Deployment (SPMD). The data sets that these entities will provide include basic safety messages (BSM), vehicle...

  6. Flu Vaccine Safety and Pregnancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Types Seasonal Avian Swine/Variant Pandemic Other Flu Vaccine Safety and Pregnancy Questions & Answers Language: English (US) ... allergic conditions. How is the safety of flu vaccines in pregnant women monitored? CDC and FDA conduct ...

  7. Biotoxin Safety and Waste Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    The General Safety and Waste Management page offers section-specific safety and waste management details for the biotoxins included in EPA's Selected Analytical Methods for Environmental Remediation and Recovery (SAM).

  8. Animal Cloning and Food Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home For Consumers Consumer Updates Animal Cloning and Food Safety Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it More sharing options ... on clones of livestock animals to evaluate the safety of food from these animals. The resulting report, called a ...

  9. Older Adults and Food Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Standard Forms FSIS United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service About FSIS District Offices Careers ... JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Older Adults and Food Safety An adage states, "With age, comes wisdom." Hopefully ...

  10. Ground Beef and Food Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Standard Forms FSIS United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service About FSIS District Offices Careers ... JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Ground Beef and Food Safety Questions about "ground meat" or "hamburger" have always ...

  11. FLUOR HANFORD SAFETY MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    GARVIN, L. J.; JENSEN, M. A.

    2004-04-13

    This document summarizes safety management programs used within the scope of the ''Project Hanford Management Contract''. The document has been developed to meet the format and content requirements of DOE-STD-3009-94, ''Preparation Guide for US. Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Documented Safety Analyses''. This document provides summary descriptions of Fluor Hanford safety management programs, which Fluor Hanford nuclear facilities may reference and incorporate into their safety basis when producing facility- or activity-specific documented safety analyses (DSA). Facility- or activity-specific DSAs will identify any variances to the safety management programs described in this document and any specific attributes of these safety management programs that are important for controlling potentially hazardous conditions. In addition, facility- or activity-specific DSAs may identify unique additions to the safety management programs that are needed to control potentially hazardous conditions.

  12. Occupational Safety and Health Administration

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Twitter Instagram RSS Subscribe Occupational Safety and Health Administration English | Spanish MENU OSHA English | Spanish Search A ... STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration 200 Constitution Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20210 800- ...

  13. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of Transportation and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration are working to support the development of automated ... USA.gov WhiteHouse.gov National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE Washington, DC 20590 ...

  14. Probiotics: Safety and Side Effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of this page please turn JavaScript on. Feature: Probiotics Safety and Side Effects Past Issues / Winter 2016 ... Says About the Safety and Side Effects of Probiotics Whether probiotics are likely to be safe for ...

  15. Nuclear reactor safety device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutter, Ernest

    1986-01-01

    A safety device is disclosed for use in a nuclear reactor for axially repositioning a control rod with respect to the reactor core in the event of an upward thermal excursion. Such safety device comprises a laminated helical ribbon configured as a tube-like helical coil having contiguous helical turns with slidably abutting edges. The helical coil is disclosed as a portion of a drive member connected axially to the control rod. The laminated ribbon is formed of outer and inner laminae. The material of the outer lamina has a greater thermal coefficient of expansion than the material of the inner lamina. In the event of an upward thermal excursion, the laminated helical coil curls inwardly to a smaller diameter. Such inward curling causes the total length of the helical coil to increase by a substantial increment, so that the control rod is axially repositioned by a corresponding amount to reduce the power output of the reactor.

  16. Enhancing supply vessel safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    A supply-vessel bridge installation consists of a navigating bridge and a control position aft, from which operators control the ship when close to rigs or platforms, and operate winches and other loading equipment. The international Convention for Safety of I Ale at Sea (SOLAS) does not regulate the layout, so design varies to a large degree, often causing an imperfect working environment. As for other types of ships, more than half the offshore service vessel accidents at sea are caused by bridge system failures. A majority can be traced back to technical design, and operational errors. The research and development project NAUT-OSV is a response to the offshore industry's safety concerns. Analysis of 24 incidents involving contact or collision between supply vessels and offshore installations owned or operated by Norwegian companies indicated that failures in the bridge system were often the cause.

  17. Road safety in practice

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    On the 23 and 25 September come and test your driving skills and your reflexes on the two days of road safety in practice! To conclude the poster and article campaign on this topic which started last year, CERN now comes to the practical part with demonstrations, like a spectacular overturning test, information stands, where you can meet safety personnel from France, Switzerland and CERN, and discussions & debates. Come to ... ... the Meyrin site on 23 September: - From 8:30 hrs, stands and demonstrations on the parking site Cèdres, behind the Restaurant no. 1. - From 9:30 hrs, discussions and debates in the main auditorium. ... the Prévessin site on 25 September: - From 8:30 hrs, stands and demonstrations on the parking site of the building 866. - From 14:00 hrs, discussions and debates in the AB auditorium, building 864.

  18. New safety course!

    CERN Multimedia

    DG Unit

    2009-01-01

    Do you need to know how to use the portable breathing apparatus ("Biocell") in order to work at CERN? If so, you will need to sign up for a new course on how to use this personal protection system. The training starts with a refresher on how the Biocell works. You will then have an opportunity to use a training unit in realistic conditions simulating a tunnel incident: darkness, non-toxic smoke, the noise of a gas leak, an audible alarm to signal oxygen deficiency, and flashing hazard lights. Once you have participated in this 90-minute training session (in French or English), you will know how to use your Biocell in the event of an emergency. In the near future, completion of the course will be made mandatory in order to obtain access rights for the LHC and SPS tunnels. Register for the Biocell course through the Safety training catalogue.Contact: mailto:safety.training@cern.ch

  19. New safety course!

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2009-01-01

    Do you need to know how to use the portable breathing apparatus ("Biocell") in order to work at CERN? If so, you will need to sign up for a new course on how to use this personal protection system. The training starts with a refresher on how the Biocell works. You will then have an opportunity to use a training unit in realistic conditions simulating a tunnel incident: darkness, non-toxic smoke, the noise of a gas leak, an audible alarm to signal oxygen deficiency, and flashing hazard lights. Once you have participated in this 90-minute training session (in French or English), you will know how to use your Biocell in the event of an emergency. In the near future, completion of the course will become mandatory in order to obtain access rights for the LHC and SPS tunnels. Register for the Biocell course through the Safety training catalogue. Contact: mailto:safety.training@cern.ch

  20. Laquinimod Safety Profile

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Per Soelberg; Comi, Giancarlo; Vollmer, Timothy L

    2017-01-01

    the safety profile of laquinimod versus placebo. Adverse events (AEs), laboratory value changes, and potential risks identified in preclinical studies were evaluated in participants in ALLEGRO and BRAVO treated with at least one dose of laquinimod or matching placebo (1:1 random assignment). RESULTS......: In total, 1988 patients received at least one dose of study drug (laquinimod: n = 983 [mean ± SD duration, 639 ± 190 days]; placebo: n = 1005 [mean ± SD duration, 627 ± 198 days]). Early terminations due to AEs were infrequent (laquinimod: 6.4%; placebo: 4.7%). Death was reported in four patients...... laquinimod studies demonstrate a safety profile comprising benign or manageable AEs and asymptomatic laboratory findings with a clear temporal pattern. Potential risks noted in preclinical studies were not observed....

  1. HEALTHY AND SAFETY SWIMMING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suleyman CEYLAN

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Swimming is a sport which has own rules, styles, and fields, however, is one of the most performed avocation as amateur and a joke especially at summer months. Although one of the most beneficial sports, swimming can cause a number of several health problems such as infectious diseases, allergic events, or traumas, if it is not done at adequate conditions and eligible style. In this paper, the factors such as preparing to swimming, health and safety features of swimming areas, important health behavior, wearing, feeding etc. that effected healthy swimming will be reviewed and evaluated. At the last part of the paper, it will be made some proposals to readers on healthy and safety swimming. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2005; 4(4.000: 209-221

  2. Safety Intervention Effectiveness

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    ZIMMERMAN, R.O.

    2001-10-16

    Judging safety intervention effectiveness is often left up to the eye of the beholder. Safety and Health Professionals must increase skills and increase their body of knowledge, based on scientific evidence, that can be applied confidently in the workplace. Evidence must be collected and analyzed to separate the interventions of the month with those that stand the test of time. The book Guide to Evaluating the Effectiveness of Strategies for Preventing Work injuries DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2001-119, April 2001, serves as a primary reference. An example study related to biorhythms, popular in the late 1970s, is used to illustrate the separating of scientific evidence and pseudo-science hype. The cited biorhythm study focuses on the relationship of the accident dates and the three biorhythmic cycles (physical, emotional, and intelligence).

  3. Food Safety Nets:

    OpenAIRE

    Haggblade, Steven; Diallo, Boubacar; Staatz, John; Theriault, Veronique; Traoré, Abdramane

    2013-01-01

    Food and social safety nets have a history as long as human civilization. In hunter gatherer societies, food sharing is pervasive. Group members who prove unlucky in the short run, hunting or foraging, receive food from other households in anticipation of reciprocal consideration at a later time (Smith 1988). With the emergence of the first large sedentary civilizations in the Middle East, administrative systems developed specifically around food storage and distribution. The ancient Egyptian...

  4. Aquatic sports and safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Володимир Миколайович Зюзь

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Aquatic sports or boating, has become a mass sport and recreation. It is as delightful a holiday as one might wish for, gaining strength around the world and especially in Ukraine. More and more people are eager to see the beauty of the underwater world, enjoy exciting sailing races, long journeys along beautiful rivers and unexplored areas, as well as smooth sailing at the height of the season. The article analyzes the modern aquatic (water tourism hazards that can lie in wait for a person in the water during camping trips and various boating competitions. This kind of sports is dangerous in principle, as aqueous medium is always perilous whether water is rough or calm. Accidents are always possible and tourists may find themselves in water, hypothermia, impossibility to breathe, impactions against different objects in the water resulting. Ships, food and equipment may also be damaged or lost, that is the consequences may be extremely negative. This article includes description of boating types, extreme forms of boating, the design features of the swimming facilities used in boating, practical skills and the ability to apply the facilities; characteristics of waves and currents; types of rivers; forms and methods of transportation and rescue of the drowning people; rendering assistance and first aid to the victims; promotion of safety rules on the water during the boating. The main goals and objectives in preparing aquatic tourism professionals whose main duty is safety, training topics, theoretical and practical materials for training the basics of safety that makes it possible to get acquainted with all the requirements have been discussed. The first attempt to develop general educational standards in training professionals in water sports and safety basing on the new priorities and the principles of modern vocational education has been made in the articles

  5. Challenges of safety evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiesner, Jacqueline

    2014-12-02

    Each application for authorisation of a medicinal product must be accompanied by the particulars and documents referred to in Directive 2001/83/EC on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use. Details on the documentation needed for traditional herbal medicinal products (THMP) are given in article 16c of the above mentioned Directive. It is pointed out that a bibliographic review of safety data together with an expert report and additional data, if necessary, are required. The Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC) provides in its "Guideline on the use of the CTD format in the preparation of a registration application for traditional herbal medicinal products" (EMA/HMPC/71049/2007 Rev. 1) guidance on how to present the information and the dossier needed for an application. There, in agreement with the Directive 2001/83/EC, a bibliographical review of safety data is required within the "Non-clinical Overview". However, it is assumable that for such products, with a long tradition of usage bibliographical information relating to non-clinical safety are available, even if incomplete or not in accordance with today׳s state of the art. In the "Guideline on non-clinical documentation for herbal medicinal products in applications for marketing authorisation (bibliographical and mixed applications) and in applications for simplified registration" (EMEA/HMPC/32116/2005) it is reflected how to deal with such an incomplete set of data for traditional herbal medicinal products and crucial information are highlighted. This article will focus on the explanation of the requirements needed for the non-clinical safety evaluation of THMPs and some detailed explanations of the performance and interpretation of the mutagenicity studies. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Chemical Safety and Security

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sydnes, Leiv K

    2012-01-01

    ... a Conference on International Cooperation and Chemical Safety & Security in The Hague, Netherlands. The meeting was well attended, with some 350 participants on site and several hundred following the presentations through a webcast. The purpose of the conference was to promote the goals of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) by highlighting the achievements of OPCW, but more importantly, by analyzing the challenges that lie ahead and discuss with important stakeholders how these challenges can be ...

  7. Safety Culture Onboard Ships

    OpenAIRE

    Ek, Åsa; Olsson, Ulf; Akselsson, Roland

    2000-01-01

    A project focusing on identifying and describing maritime risks is being conducted in the heavily trafficked water area of the Sound, situated in northern Europe between Sweden and Denmark. This paper reports of a test of a first version of a questionnaire constructed for measuring safety culture onboard vessels.48 crew members on a Swedish registered passenger/cargo ship completed and returned the questionnaire. The crew members were able to complete the questionnaire with few unanswered que...

  8. Cardiovascular safety of etoricoxib

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viktoriya Georgievna Barskova

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Meticulous attention is paid to the cardiovascular safety of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, the so-called selective cyclooxy-genase 2 (COX-2 inhibitors in particular. The author considers precisely this matter in case of Russia's recent NSAID etoricoxib that has been tested along with other most studied medications from this group, by applying one of the latest meta-analyses. The EULAR recommendations to use NSAIDs are given.

  9. SAR Simulations & Safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiedler, Thomas M; Ladd, Mark E; Bitz, Andreas K

    2017-03-20

    At ultra-high fields, the assessment of radiofrequency (RF) safety presents several new challenges compared to low-field systems. Multi-channel RF transmit coils in combination with parallel transmit techniques produce time-dependent and spatially varying power loss densities in the tissue. Further, in ultra-high-field systems, localized field effects can be more pronounced due to a transition from the quasi stationary to the electromagnetic field regime. Consequently, local information on the RF field is required for reliable RF safety assessment as well as for monitoring of RF exposure during MR examinations. Numerical RF and thermal simulations for realistic exposure scenarios with anatomical body models are currently the only practical way to obtain the requisite local information on magnetic and electric field distributions as well as tissue temperature. In this article, safety regulations and the fundamental characteristics of RF field distributions in ultra-high-field systems are reviewed. Numerical methods for computation of RF fields as well as typical requirements for the analysis of realistic multi-channel RF exposure scenarios including anatomical body models are highlighted. In recent years, computation of the local tissue temperature has become of increasing interest, since a more accurate safety assessment is expected because temperature is directly related to tissue damage. Regarding thermal simulation, bio-heat transfer models and approaches for taking into account the physiological response of the human body to RF exposure are discussed. In addition, suitable methods are presented to validate calculated RF and thermal results with measurements. Finally, the concept of generalized simulation-based specific absorption rate (SAR) matrix models is discussed. These models can be incorporated into local SAR monitoring in multi-channel MR systems and allow the design of RF pulses under constraints for local SAR. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights

  10. [Food safety of GMOs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joudrier, P

    2009-01-01

    In this presentation, we review the complexity of the different biological events which occur during life cell cycles. Indeed transgenesis is not an unknown event for cells. In the second part of this article, the complex and complete evaluation process destined to assure the food safety of GMOs, before they are released on the market, is describd. Some ansers to questions frequently asked about the GMOs are given. It is concludedthat GMOs are probably more safe than their conventional non-GM counterpart.

  11. Complexity and Safety (FAA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-27

    the research as evidence that they need to ask manufacturers to provide documented safety cases rather than just standards compliance Manufacturers ...P points * #FC * FO cpu mem 1 4 1 1 4 Par1..Par4 4 1 2 1 8 Mon1..Mon2 2 1 1 1 2 Cmd1..Cmd2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 3 6 Pdl1..Pdl2 2 1 1 1 2 Select 1 1 1 2 2

  12. Safety of irradiated foods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iwahara, Shigeo (Foods Medicines Safety Center (Japan)); Kobayashi, Kazuo

    1983-01-01

    The safety of 7 irradiated foods (potato, onion, rice, wheat, vienna sausage, fish paste and mandarine orange), in terms of 2-year long-term toxic effect, reproductive physiology and possible teratogenesis, was studied using 3 generations of rats, mice and monkeys. The genetic toxicity was studied by means of various mutagenicity tests. The details of the studies conducted by the authors to date and some overseas data were reported. The available data showed no toxic effect.

  13. Pesticides and food safety

    OpenAIRE

    Ötegen, Volkan Recai; Akbaba, Muhsin; Nazlıcan, Ersin; Kurt, Burak

    2017-01-01

    Besidesprevention of tropical diseases, pesticides are also used to make agriculturalactivities fertile. But pesticides are potentially harmful to our health andmay be toxic to the immune, reproductive and nervous systems. Afterapplication; pesticide residues consist depending on factors such as plantspecies, time of administration, how it applied. While pesticides make foodsupply sustainable, there are concerns about residues in food that peopleconsume. Therefore food safety concept introduc...

  14. HEALTHY AND SAFETY SWIMMING

    OpenAIRE

    Suleyman CEYLAN

    2005-01-01

    Swimming is a sport which has own rules, styles, and fields, however, is one of the most performed avocation as amateur and a joke especially at summer months. Although one of the most beneficial sports, swimming can cause a number of several health problems such as infectious diseases, allergic events, or traumas, if it is not done at adequate conditions and eligible style. In this paper, the factors such as preparing to swimming, health and safety features of swimming areas, important healt...

  15. DOE standard: Firearms safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-02-01

    Information in this document is applicable to all DOE facilities, elements, and contractors engaged in work that requires the use of firearms as provided by law or contract. The standard in this document provides principles and practices for implementing a safe and effective firearms safety program for protective forces and for non-security use of firearms. This document describes acceptable interpretations and methods for meeting Order requirements.

  16. Fire safety of wood construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert H. White; Mark A. Dietenberger

    2010-01-01

    Fire safety is an important concern in all types of construction. The high level of national concern for fire safety is reflected in limitations and design requirements in building codes. These code requirements and related fire performance data are discussed in the context of fire safety design and evaluation in the initial section of this chapter. Because basic data...

  17. Safety for Teen-Agers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pounds, Elenore T.; And Others

    This booklet is designed for teenage students and discusses safety and first aid. The first part of the booklet covers safety instruction, causes of accidents, what it means to be safety-minded, and discusses experimental safe-car design and testing programs. The second part presents basic descriptions for first aid treatment of common injuries…

  18. Moving forward with safety culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Michael

    2012-04-01

    Radiation safety and protection of people are shared goals of the Health Physics Society (HPS) and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). A positive safety culture contributes to achieving radiation safety and protection of people, which are important to both the HPS and the NRC. Through unprecedented collaboration and engagement with diverse stakeholders, the NRC and the stakeholders developed a Safety Culture Policy Statement. The policy statement defines safety culture and describes the traits of a positive safety culture. Consideration of both safety and security issues and the interface of safety and security are underlying principles that support the policy. Examination of significant events, both within the nuclear industry and in society at large, illustrates how weaknesses in these traits can contribute to the occurrence and consequences of safety incidents, including serious injury and loss of life. With the policy statement in place, the NRC is moving forward with outreach and education about safety culture. Health physicists and other radiation safety specialists play an essential role in enhancing safety culture.

  19. Safety profile of levetiracetam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arroyo, Santiago; Crawford, Pamela

    2003-05-01

    A good balance between safety and tolerability is necessary for an antiepileptic drug (AED) to be successful in the management of patients with epilepsy. Levetiracetam is one of the new generation of AEDs licensed as an add-on therapy for the treatment of patients with partial-onset seizures. Leveti-racetam's mechanisms of action are not fully understood. Controlled clinical trials, open-label studies, and postmarketing surveillance indicate that leveti-racetam has a favorable safety profile characterized by little effect on vital signs or clinical laboratory values, reported adverse events that are mild to moderate, and no known drug-drug interactions. The tolerability of levetiracetam may extend to both pediatric and elderly patients based on analyses of small numbers of patients. Tolerability is maintained over the long term. Levetirac-etam does not appear to have a different safety profile in learning-disabled patients. Levetiracetam appears to have a good balance between tolerability and efficacy in the treatment of a wide variety of patients with partial epilepsy.

  20. Patient safety: lessons learned

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bagian, James P. [National Center for Patient Safety, Department of Veterans Affairs, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

    2006-04-15

    The traditional approach to patient safety in health care has ranged from reticence to outward denial of serious flaws. This undermines the otherwise remarkable advances in technology and information that have characterized the specialty of medical practice. In addition, lessons learned in industries outside health care, such as in aviation, provide opportunities for improvements that successfully reduce mishaps and errors while maintaining a standard of excellence. This is precisely the call in medicine prompted by the 1999 Institute of Medicine report ''To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System.'' However, to effect these changes, key components of a successful safety system must include: (1) communication, (2) a shift from a posture of reliance on human infallibility (hence ''shame and blame'') to checklists that recognize the contribution of the system and account for human limitations, and (3) a cultivation of non-punitive open and/or de-identified/anonymous reporting of safety concerns, including close calls, in addition to adverse events. (orig.)

  1. Safety of antiobesity drugs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Bernard Man Yung; Cheung, Tommy Tsang; Samaranayake, Nithushi Rajitha

    2013-08-01

    Obesity is a major health problem worldwide. Although diet and physical activity are crucial in the management of obesity, the long-term success rate is low. Therefore antiobesity drugs are of great interest, especially when lifestyle modification has failed. As obesity is not an immediate life-threatening disease, these drugs are required to be safe. Antiobesity drugs that have been developed so far have limited efficacies and considerable adverse effects affecting tolerability and safety. Therefore, most antiobesity drugs have been withdrawn. Fenfluramine and dexfenfluramine were withdrawn because of the potential damage to heart valves. Sibutramine was associated with an increase in major adverse cardiovascular events in the Sibutramine Cardiovascular Outcomes (SCOUT) trial and it was withdrawn from the market in 2010. Rimonabant was withdrawn because of significant psychiatric adverse effects. Orlistat was approved in Europe and the United States for long-term treatment of obesity, but many patients cannot tolerate its gastrointestinal side effects. Phentermine and diethylpropion can only be used for less than 12 weeks because the long-term safety of these drugs is unknown. Ephedrine and caffeine are natural substances but the effects on weight reduction are modest. As a result there is a huge unmet need for effective and safe antiobesity drugs. Recently lorcaserin and topiramate plus phentermine have been approved for the treatment of obesity but long-term safety data are lacking.

  2. Safety at your service

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2014-01-01

    You might think that only twelve people to man twelve different services, each needing several people could be a problem. Not for the DGS-SEE-SV Section! We can now reveal their magic formula.   From risk management to prevention and follow-up of accidents, from safety training to hunting for pollutants in buildings and providing safety input for calls for tenders, the DGS-SEE-SV’s services underpin virtually every aspect of CERN’s daily life. “The section was set up in 2011 to meet the Organization's needs more effectively", explains François Angerand, head of the DGS-SEE-SV section. "For some activities, such as providing safety input for calls for tenders, our Section acts as an interface between the Departments and all the other services of the HSE Unit. In other cases, we ourselves provide direct support to the Departments.” “Safety” is synonymous with “prevention”: the DGS-...

  3. Health and Safety First

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    At CERN, health and safety underpin everything we do. We have strict operational procedures in place, as well as health, safety and environment (HSE) requirements to make our working environment as safe as possible. It’s everyone’s responsibility to follow these procedures and requirements to keep ourselves, and our colleagues, safe. We have a very good safety and operational record at CERN stretching back almost 60 years, but there is never room for complacency.   With this very much in mind, we have developed a robust plan for implementation if something unforeseen goes wrong.  Because however careful we all are, accidents do happen, and the mark of any organisation that aspires to be among the best in the world is how quickly and efficiently it acts when they do. A small team made up of people from several departments at CERN has produced a strategic crisis management plan that we can put into action should a major incident occur.  This plan focuses on...

  4. An exercise in safety

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2014-01-01

    On 14 October, a large-scale evacuation exercise took place. Ten buildings (1-2-3-4-50-51-52-53-58-304), with a total capacity of almost 1900 people, were successfully evacuated.   The exercise, which for the first time involved all of the central buildings on the Meyrin site, was organised by the PH Department in collaboration with the HSE Unit, the GS Department and the safety officers of all the various departments involved. On the day, around 400 people were evacuated in just a few minutes.  “It took us three months to prepare for the exercise,” explains Niels Dupont, safety officer for the PH Department, who organised the exercise. “Around 100 people: safety officers, firefighters, emergency guides, observers, representatives from the control centre, etc. attended four preparatory meetings and five training sessions. We also purchased equipment such as evacuation chairs, high-visibility vests and signs to mark the evacuation route.” The dec...

  5. Looking at World War I Propaganda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sperry, Chris

    2014-01-01

    High school social studies teachers are always struggling to "cover the content" while addressing an ever-expanding set of additional demands. The Common Core expects literacy instruction to be incorporated into social studies. NCSS's new C3 Framework emphasizes teaching students to ask questions, evaluate sources, and communicate…

  6. A PROPAGANDA NA VAZANTE DA INFOMARÉ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Admir Borges

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende fazer uma reflexão sobre a origem sistêmica da Internet, sua adoção pelo marketing e a tímida tentativa da publicidade de agregar e conceber a Web como uma nova e importante mídia. Apresenta-se uma exposição sobre o surgimento da preocupação com a integração das ciências no contexto e abordagem proposta pela Teoria Geral dos Sistemas (sistema aberto, do biólogo alemão Ludwig Von Bertalanffy. O fenômeno da Internet tornou possível a democratização da informação e abriu para o marketing significativas fronteiras para a maior aproximação com o consumidor, através de suas estratégias de relacionamento, logística e interatividade. No entanto, a publicidade ainda não conseguiu criar uma linguagem e uma forma adequada de mensagem para esse novo meio.

  7. FUNKTIONSLOGIK TERRORISTISCHER PROPAGANDA IM BEWEGTEN BILD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Christoph

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Die Medienfront ist heute ein wichtiger Kriegsschauplatz, den viele neben Land, Wasser und Luft für gleich wichtig halten. Terroristen fühlen sich in sozialen Medien wohler als man denken könnte. Im Netz können sie die asymmetrische Kräfteverteilung überwinden, die sie in der offenen Feldschlacht unterlegen sein ließe. Terroristen machen sich das Bild zur Waffe und produzieren erst durch die Positionierung an der Medienfront Sinn in ihren Taten. Ohne ein Bekennerschreiben, ein Abschiedsvideo des Attentäters oder ein letztes Posting im sozialen Netzwerk wäre ein Bombenanschlag nichts als ein Kapitalverbrechen. Durch die terroristische Kommunikationsstrategie wird das Verbrechen erst zum terroristischen Akt. Das ist die theoretische Grundannahme dieses Aufsatzes. Ohne Medienberichterstattung könnten terroristische Organisationen nicht existieren. Durch die Entwicklung des Web 2.0 und insbesondere sozialer Medien kommen terroristische Organisationen heutzutage aber ganz ohne das Verschicken von Videotapes an Fernsehsender aus. Durch YouTube und andere Kanäle, können sie die Adressaten ihrer Botschaften direkt und ohne zwischengeschaltete Journalistinnen und Journalisten erreichen. So ist es nicht erstaunlich, dass terroristische Organisationen sich eine gewisse Expertise im Umgang mit sozialen Medien zugelegt haben. Al-Qaida hat seine eigene Medienabteilung, auch die kolumbianischen FARC arbeiten sehr professionell und welchen Einfluss der Islamische Staat im Internet ausübt ist inzwischen bereits Gegenstand einiger Reportagen und Untersuchungen geworden. Die diesem Aufsatz zugrundeliegende Arbeit hat sich mit neun verschiedenen Videos aus dem Umfeld von al-Qaida, der IRA und der FARC beschäftigt und versucht, aus dem analytischen Vergleich dieser Videos Rückschlüsse über terroristische Medienmacher und die terroristischen Organisationen selbst zu ziehen. Wie schnell und suggestiv die Videos arbeiten, ist etwa davon abhängig, welche Ziele sie transportieren wollen und ob sie sich an Laien oder an bereits ideologisch vorgeschulte Anhänger richten. Sozialrevolutionäre Gruppen sind besonders bemüht um eine gute Außendarstellung, da sie tendenziell dazu neigen, elitär zu sein und sich von der Bevölkerung zu entfremden. Während sie eine klare Sprache nutzen, arbeiten religiös-motivierte Terroristen oft mit blumigen Bildern und Umschreibungen. Die taktischen Erwägungen von Terroristen, etwa ihre Kämpfer geheim halten zu müssen, führt oft dazu, dass sich die Vorteile des Web 2.0 nicht vollständig für sich ausnutzen können. Organisationen wie die FARC oder der Islamische Staat, die selbst über Rückzugsterritorien verfügen, können aber auch ganz ungeniert Gesicht zeigen und damit noch viel effektiver auf ihre Zielgruppen einwirken. Es hat sich auch gezeigt, dass es große Unterschiede in der Medienkompetenz terroristischer Organisationen gibt: Während die weiter oben erwähnten Gruppierungen teils eigene Medienstäbe eingerichtet haben, scheinen die Videoproduktionen anderer Organisationen eher Ausschussware zu sein. Wenn sich der terroristische Kampf wirklich auf dem Feld der Kommunikation entscheidet, so haben manche Organisationen hier die besseren Karten ausgespielt als andere. Sie schaffen es, ihre Ziele – die Dämonisierung und Einschüchterung des Feindes, die Legitimation der eigenen Gewalt und die Anwerbung neuer Kämpfer und Unterstützer – besser zu transportieren. Der Islamische Staat beschreitet auf diesem Gebiet keine grundsätzlich neuen Wege. Neu ist ihm nur die Leichtigkeit und die technische Professionalität, mit der er auf die Kommunikationsherausforderungen des digitalen Zeitalters reagiert.

  8. The Argument for Genocide in Nazi Propaganda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bytwerk, Randall L.

    2005-01-01

    The Nazis justified their attempt to exterminate the Jews by claiming that they were only defending themselves against Jewish plans to destroy Germany and its population. I show how the Nazis used the same words to discuss both claims, and how they argued that just as the Jews were serious about exterminating Germany, they were equally serious…

  9. Discriminazione e propaganda religiosa nel diritto calcistico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Ivaldi

    2015-02-01

    Before concluding with some regards on the almost changed rules 4 of the “Laws of the Game” – that concurrently on the one hand allows head covers (hijab and turban and on the other prohibits to reveal undergarments that show also religious slogans, statements or images, or advertising other than the manufacturer logo – the essay focuses on the peculiarity FIGC prescription to punish the use of blasphemy since 2010.

  10. Safety design guide for safety related systems for CANDU 9

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Duk Su; Chang, Woo Hyun; Lee, Nam Young [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daeduk (Korea, Republic of); Wright, A.C.D. [Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., Toronto (Canada)

    1996-03-01

    In general, two types of safety related systems and structures exist in the nuclear plant; The one is a systems and structures which perform safety functions during the normal operation of the plant, and the other is a systems and structures which perform safety functions to mitigate events caused by failure of the normally operating systems or by naturally occurring phenomena. In this safety design guide, these systems are identified in detail, and the major events for which the safety functions are required and the major safety requirements are identified in the list. As the probabilistic safety assessments are completed during the course of the project, additions or deletions to the list may be justified. 3 tabs. (Author) .new.

  11. Safety-barrier diagrams as a safety management tool

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duijm, Nijs Jan

    2009-01-01

    Networks is discussed. Important advantages of safety-barrier diagrams as compared to other graphical risk-analysis methods are, firstly, the relative simplicity that supports communication with non-expert stakeholders and, secondly, the focus on deliberately inserted safety systems that supports......Safety-barrier diagrams and “bow-tie” diagrams have become popular methods in risk analysis and safety management. This paper describes the syntax and principles for constructing consistent and valid safety-barrier diagrams. The latter's relation to other methods such as fault trees and Bayesian...... the management and maintenance of these systems. Safety-barrier diagrams provide a useful framework for an electronic data structure that integrates information from risk analysis with operational safety management....

  12. Safety of VVER-440 reactors

    CERN Document Server

    Slugen, Vladimir

    2011-01-01

    Safety of VVER-440 Reactors endeavours to promote an increase in the safety of VVER-440 nuclear reactors via the improvement of fission products limitation systems and the implementation of special non-destructive spectroscopic methods for materials testing. All theoretical and experimental studies performed the by author over the last 25 years have been undertaken with the aim of improving VVER-440 defence in depth, which is one of the most important principle for ensuring safety in nuclear power plants. Safety of VVER-440 Reactors is focused on the barrier system through which the safety pri

  13. « La propagande soviétique de 1917 à 1991 : paix et désarmement au service de l’idéologie ? » Soviet Propaganda from 1917 to 1991: Peace and Disarmament Serving an Ideology?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Le Bourgeois

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available From the decree on Peace in 1917 to Gorbatchev’s “Zero option” in 1987, the themes of Peace and then of disarmament, were recurrent and fundamental topics in Soviet propaganda. After Trotsky suggested the idea of peace without arms, from 1918 the USSR quickly came back to a more pragmatic conception by setting up a powerful Red Army which Stalin, as well as his successors, kept reinforcing, while championing the struggle against militarism. Crowned with glory thanks to its victory over Nazism, soon after World War II, the USSR went so far as to promote the set of pacifist themes as a central pillar of its doctrine; it became its universal standard bearer. But even if the theme, generous and idealistic as it might be, mobilized sincere sympathisers, it also gave rise to serious doubts, for it lent itself to ambiguous interpretations. The USSR no longer contented itself with national defence, it was arming itself excessively and was becoming a nuclear superpower. And the “Peace” for which the homonymous movement campaigned was then perceived no longer as a praiseworthy aim but as a concept serving an ideology. Oddly enough it was when the USSR disarmed that the regime collapsed, as if paradoxically Peace and disarmament were incompatible with the doctrine. But without resorting to a shortcut that is furthermore fallacious, we find it interesting to show, thanks to posters of Soviet propaganda and in the light of the historical context, from 1917 to 1991, how the set of themes was instrumentalized, while being at the same time the very essence of a doctrine which presented millenarian aspects. Indeed, the Soviet Peace is not basically of the same nature as the capitalist peace. For some, absolute Peace is a myth, for others, the Peace that is offered is only relative and unacceptable.

  14. European consumers and beef safety

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Van Wezemael, Lynn; Verbeke, Wim; Kügler, Jens Oliver

    2010-01-01

    consumption decision making process. Eight focus group discussions were performed with a total of 65 beef consumers in four European countries. Content analysis revealed that European consumers experienced difficulties in the assessment of the safety of beef and beef products and adopted diverging uncertainty......European beef consumption has been gradually declining during the past decades, while consumers' concerns about beef safety have increased. This paper explores consumer perceptions of and interest in beef safety and beef safety information, and their role in beef safety assessment and the beef...... reduction strategies. These include the use of colour, labels, brands and indications of origin as cues signalling beef safety. In general, consumer trust in beef safety was relatively high, despite distrust in particular actors....

  15. Putting Safety in the Frame

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valerie Jean O’Keeffe

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Current patient safety policy focuses nursing on patient care goals, often overriding nurses’ safety. Without understanding how nurses construct work health and safety (WHS, patient and nurse safety cannot be reconciled. Using ethnography, we examine social contexts of safety, studying 72 nurses across five Australian hospitals making decisions during patient encounters. In enacting safe practice, nurses used “frames” built from their contextual experiences to guide their behavior. Frames are produced by nurses, and they structure how nurses make sense of their work. Using thematic analysis, we identify four frames that inform nurses’ decisions about WHS: (a communicating builds knowledge, (b experiencing situations guides decisions, (c adapting procedures streamlines work, and (d team working promotes safe working. Nurses’ frames question current policy and practice by challenging how nurses’ safety is positioned relative to patient safety. Recognizing these frames can assist the design and implementation of effective WHS management.

  16. Software Safety Risk in Legacy Safety-Critical Computer Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Janice; Baggs, Rhoda

    2007-01-01

    Safety-critical computer systems must be engineered to meet system and software safety requirements. For legacy safety-critical computer systems, software safety requirements may not have been formally specified during development. When process-oriented software safety requirements are levied on a legacy system after the fact, where software development artifacts don't exist or are incomplete, the question becomes 'how can this be done?' The risks associated with only meeting certain software safety requirements in a legacy safety-critical computer system must be addressed should such systems be selected as candidates for reuse. This paper proposes a method for ascertaining formally, a software safety risk assessment, that provides measurements for software safety for legacy systems which may or may not have a suite of software engineering documentation that is now normally required. It relies upon the NASA Software Safety Standard, risk assessment methods based upon the Taxonomy-Based Questionnaire, and the application of reverse engineering CASE tools to produce original design documents for legacy systems.

  17. Transformational and passive leadership as cross-level moderators of the relationships between safety knowledge, safety motivation, and safety participation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Lixin; Probst, Tahira M

    2016-06-01

    While safety knowledge and safety motivation are well-established predictors of safety participation, less is known about the impact of leadership styles on these relationships. The purpose of the current study was to examine whether the positive relationships between safety knowledge and motivation and safety participation are contingent on transformational and passive forms of safety leadership. Using multilevel modeling with a sample of 171 employees nested in 40 workgroups, we found that transformational safety leadership strengthened the safety knowledge-participation relationship, whereas passive leadership weakened the safety motivation-participation relationship. Under low transformational leadership, safety motivation was not related to safety participation; under high passive leadership, safety knowledge was not related to safety participation. These results are discussed in light of organizational efforts to increase safety-related citizenship behaviors. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd and National Safety Council. All rights reserved.

  18. [Ambulatory surgery: safety, quality].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jouffroy, L

    2001-01-01

    Demands related to regulation of Ambulatory surgery in France and to expectations of the patients implies that we can be able to proof that ambulatory organization guarantees total patient care with optimal safety conditions; and that detection of unexpected events is the first step in a larger approach to continue quality improvement and minimize risks for patients. To achieve these goals, we suggest a list of means based on international ambulatory surgery definitions, including clinical indicators, frequent asked questions and measurement of patient satisfaction.

  19. Cryogen Safety Course 8876

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glass, George [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2017-06-13

    Cryogenics (from the Greek word κρvoζ, meaning frost or icy cold) is the study of the behavior of matter at very cold temperatures. The purpose of this course is to provide trainees with an introduction to cryogen use, the hazards and potential accidents related to cryogen systems, cryogen safety components, and the requirements that govern the design and use of cryogen systems at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The knowledge you gain will help you keep your workplace safe for yourself and your coworkers.

  20. IMPROVING PATIENT SAFETY:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bagger, Bettan; Taylor Kelly, Hélène; Hørdam, Britta

    Every year millions of patients worldwide suffer injury or death due to unsafe care, thus improving patient safety is both a national and international priority. A developmental project involving University College Zealand and clinical partners in the region focused upon the improvement of patient...... with respect to the prevention of clinical errors - Theoretical teaching intervention - Evaluation of effects of theoretical teaching intervention following the intervention and after 1 year - Quantitative and qualitative data collected in both the educational and clinical settings using a before and after...