WorldWideScience

Sample records for rokas abraitis alena

  1. Alena Lidzhieva, About Games

    OpenAIRE

    Dovurkaev, Karu; Churyumov, Anton

    2015-01-01

    Alena talks about traditional games, including khorma khotn, tsagan monda, mongn bus, nyarn shinj, and games played with ankle bones. Tsagan monda was a game played at night by several people. The rule is simple: A ball made of white cow skin is pushed into a hole. Games with ankle bones were reserved only for boys. Girls did not play such games. Arcadia

  2. Alena Lidzhieva, Kalmyk Cuisine

    OpenAIRE

    Dovurkaev, Karu; Chryumov, Anton

    2015-01-01

    Alena talks about traditional cuisine and what people ate during different seasons in the past. She also gives short recipes for traditional dishes and drinks. Bulmg: Put butter and milk in a pan and boil on a low heat. Add flour. The flour separates from the butter and turns into small balls. The dish is called bulmg. Khal’msh: Put butter in a pan and heat it up. Then add flour and mix until it becomes half-liquid. Khursn tsya: Put butter and flour in a pan and heat until the flour become...

  3. Žena ve vědě: Alena Lengerová

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bahenská, Marie

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 3, č. 2 (2011), s. 248-263 ISSN 1803-9448 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80770509 Keywords : Lengerová, Alena * history of science * Czechoslovak Academy of Science s Subject RIV: AB - History

  4. Profile of a leader. Alena Jean MacMaster: administrator, educator, professional activist and community advocate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gautreau, G; Winans, P

    1999-01-01

    This paper profiles Alena Jean MacMaster, an extraordinary nurse leader, activist, visionary and humanitarian from New Brunswick. Her determination and drive were instrumental in fostering the development and progression of health care, nursing education and nursing services at the local, provincial, federal and international levels. "First, loyalty to the institution in which you serve. The patient is the most important person in the entire institution," was Miss MacMaster's guiding principle throughout her career.

  5. Roka Listeria detection method using transcription mediated amplification to detect Listeria species in select foods and surfaces. Performance Tested Method(SM) 011201.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hua, Yang; Kaplan, Shannon; Reshatoff, Michael; Hu, Ernie; Zukowski, Alexis; Schweis, Franz; Gin, Cristal; Maroni, Brett; Becker, Michael; Wisniewski, Michele

    2012-01-01

    The Roka Listeria Detection Assay was compared to the reference culture methods for nine select foods and three select surfaces. The Roka method used Half-Fraser Broth for enrichment at 35 +/- 2 degrees C for 24-28 h. Comparison of Roka's method to reference methods requires an unpaired approach. Each method had a total of 545 samples inoculated with a Listeria strain. Each food and surface was inoculated with a different strain of Listeria at two different levels per method. For the dairy products (Brie cheese, whole milk, and ice cream), our method was compared to AOAC Official Method(SM) 993.12. For the ready-to-eat meats (deli chicken, cured ham, chicken salad, and hot dogs) and environmental surfaces (sealed concrete, stainless steel, and plastic), these samples were compared to the U.S. Department of Agriculture/Food Safety and Inspection Service-Microbiology Laboratory Guidebook (USDA/FSIS-MLG) method MLG 8.07. Cold-smoked salmon and romaine lettuce were compared to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration/Bacteriological Analytical Manual, Chapter 10 (FDA/BAM) method. Roka's method had 358 positives out of 545 total inoculated samples compared to 332 positive for the reference methods. Overall the probability of detection analysis of the results showed better or equivalent performance compared to the reference methods.

  6. NAFTA's Developmental Impact on Mexico: Assessment and prospects Impact socio-économique de l’ALENA au Mexique : Bilan et perspectives Impacto socioeconómico del TLCAN sobre México: balance y perspectivas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Baptiste Velut

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This article assesses the developmental record of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA in Mexico fifteen years after its implementation. After analyzing the evolution of trade and investment flows and their impact on employment and wage levels in the manufacturing and agricultural sectors, the author highlights the success and limits of the NAFTA integration model. He concludes that while NAFTA should not be seen as a solution to all of Mexico’s socio-economic problems, NAFTA nonetheless suffers from a "deficient [social] institutionality" that can be addressed through both domestic and supranational reforms. At the domestic level, the Mexican government should rethink its export-led growth strategy and prioritize tax reforms and domestic investments in education and infrastructure. At the supranational level, the NAFTA model should be upgraded to address its social lacunae, especially in the policy spheres of investment, immigration, agriculture, and resource transfers.Cet article dresse le bilan socio-économique de l’Accord de libre-échange nord-américain (ALENA pour le Mexique quinze ans après son entrée en vigueur. À travers une analyse de l’évolution des flux de capitaux et de commerce et de leur impact sur l’emploi et le niveau des salaires dans les secteurs industriels et agricoles, l’auteur révèle les succès et limites du modèle d’intégration de l’ALENA. Il conclut que si l’ALENA n’est pas une solution à tous les problèmes socio-économiques du Mexique, l'accord souffre malgré tout d'une "institutionalité [sociale] déficiente" qui peut être consolidée par le biais de réformes nationales et supranationales. Au niveau national, le gouvernement mexicain doit repenser sa stratégie de croissance tirée par les exportations et donner la priorité à la réforme fiscale et aux investissements dans l'éducation et l'infrastructure. À l'échelle supranationale, le modèle de l'ALENA devrait être

  7. NAFTA, CAFTA and the Environment: The Role of Institutions TLCAN, CAFTA y el medio ambiente: el papel de las instituciones L’ALENA, l’ALEAC et l’environnement : le rôle des institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sherrie Baver

    2011-09-01

    del CAFTA-DR o Chile.Après avoir fait la part des différents arguments en présence concernant les liens entre commerce et environnement, je soutiens que l’un des aspects positifs, quoique sous-estimé, de l’ALENA (créée en 1994 et d’autres accords commerciaux récents – bi- ou multilatéraux – entre les Etats-Unis et certains pays en voie de développement, est la création de mécanismes spécifiques visant à promouvoir la gouvernance environnementale et démocratique, ainsi que la protection de l’environnement. Bien que ces institutions formelles n’aient pas fait preuve, à ce jour, d’une grande autonomie ni d’une considérable efficacité, elles fournissent néanmoins aux groupes et réseaux domestiques et transnationaux de la société civile l’un des divers moyens d’affermir le rôle du citoyen dans la participation aux prises de décision environnementales, et ce à de multiples niveaux de la gouvernance. Elles peuvent également promouvoir un comportement d’entreprise positif dans les économies moins développées. Bien que les principales études de cas soient dévolues au Mexique et à l’ALENA, ces analyses peuvent également s’appliquer à d’autres pays d’Amérique Latine, comme ceux de l’ALEAC-RD et le Chili.

  8. Unknown Latvia / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Hiljuti ilmunud raamatu "Riga - the Civilization of Nobody" filosoofist autor Arvydas Juozaitis kohtus Vilniuses lugejatega. Raamatus käsitletakse tänapäeva Läti poliitikat, kultuuri, demograafiat ja ajalugu

  9. Poland's exotics / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Poola viimase aja poliitika on järjest natsionalistlikumaks muutumas ja sündmuste keskel on vähemusrahvused. Viimaste aegade konfliktid Leeduga on seotud uue Leedu haridusseadusega, milles laiendatakse leedu keele kasutust vähemusrahvuste koolides. Poola ekspresident Lech Walesa loobus Leedu ordeni saamisest, põhjendades seda selle seadusega. Kannatada on saanud ka Poolas elavate juutide ja sakslaste kultuuripärand

  10. Odešla Alena Šilhová

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Boháčová, Ivana; Venclová, Natalie

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 60, č. 2 (2008), s. 348-348 ISSN 0323-1267 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80020508 Keywords : conservation of archaeologicl objects * study of historical materials * methods of conservation Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry

  11. Meeting March 11 / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Leedus tähistatakse 11. märtsil 2010 iseseisvuse taastamise 20. aastapäeva. Vilniusesse saabuvatest külalistest, kelle seas on ka Eesti president Toomas Hendrik Ilves. Töövisiit Vilniusesse 11.03.2010

  12. Lithuanian diplomacy in 2011 / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    16. detsembril esitas Leedu välisministeerium 2011. aasta Leedu diplomaatilise teenistuse raporti, milles kajastati Leedu välispoliitika trende ja tutvustati diplomaatilisi saavutusi ning prioriteete

  13. Lithuania celebrates March 11 / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    11. märtsil tähistati Leedus iseseisvuse taastamise 21. aastapäeva. President Dalia Grybauskaite oli sellel ajal Brüsselis, kus toimus Euroopa Liidu valitsusjuhtide ja riigipeade erakorraline kriisikohtumine Liibüa teemal. Vilniuses toimunud meeleavaldustest

  14. Discussing nuclear energy / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Venemaa ja Valgevene allkirjastasid peaminister Vladimir Putini visiidi ajal kokkuleppe uue tuumajaama ehitamiseks Valgevene ja Leedu piiri lähistele. Mõeldes Jaapanis hiljuti juhtunud tuumaõnnetusele ei ole Leedu selle otsusega rahul

  15. Valinskas attacks Grybauskaite / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Arunas Valinskas leidis, et ta on sobiv kandidaat Leedu kultuuriministri kohale. Arunas Valinskase ja president Dalia Grybauskaite vahelisest konfliktist. Arunas Valinskase kriitika Dalia Grybauskaite aadressil

  16. High value FDI requested / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2009-01-01

    Otsestest välisinvesteeringutest Leedus. Suurbritannia pank Barclays loob Vilniusesse IT-keskuse. 4. septembril kirjutasid Leedu president Dalia Grybauskaite ja Prantsusmaa president Nicolas Sarkozy alla kahe riigi vahelise strateegilise partnerluse- ja koostööleppe

  17. Grybauskaite rejects Obama's invitation / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    8. aprillil kirjutavad Ameerika Ühendriikide president Barack Obama ja Venemaa president Dmitri Medvedev Prahas uuele strateegilise tuumarelvastuse piiramise leppele alla. Samaks päevaks on Barack Obama Prahasse kutsunud Eesti, Läti, Leedu ja Rumeenia presidendid ning Poola, Tšehhi, Bulgaaria, Horvaatia, Ungari, Slovakkia ja Sloveenia peaministrid. Leedu president Dalia Grybauske loobus kutsest. Tema asemel sõidab kohtumisele peaminister Andrius Kubilius

  18. Passing the budget / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2009-01-01

    7. detsembril kohtus Leedu president Dalia Grybauskaite parlamendifraktsioonide esimeestega, paludes neid 10. detsembril 2010. aasta riigieelarve vastu võtta. 10. detsembril on oodata ka meeleavaldust. Rahandusminister Ingrida Simonyte prognoosi järgi moodustab 2010. aastal riigivõlg 41% SKP-st

  19. Kubilius conquers America / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    5.- 9. maini kestnud Ameerika Ühendriikide visiidi ajal kohtus Leedu peaminister Andrius Kubilius riigisekretäri Hillary Rodham Clintoniga, kellega räägiti riikidevahelistest suhetest, CIA salavanglast ja Egle Kusaitest, kes väidetavalt plaanis Venemaa sõjalistel objektidel läbi viia terrorirünnakud. Andrius Kubilius kohtus ka IBMi esindajatega. IBM plaanib rajada Leetu uurimiskeskuse

  20. A president's funeral / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Leedu endise presidendi Algirdas Brazauskase matustest 1. juulil 2010 Vilniuses võttis osa ka president Toomas Hendrik Ilves. Konfliktist katoliku kiriku esindajatega, kes ei tahtnud lubada Algirdas Brazauskase kirstu toomist Vilniuse katedraali

  1. Visiting Germany and Iceland / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Leedu president Dalia Grybauskaite külastas 24. augustil Saksamaad, kus kohtus kantsler Angela Merkeliga, kes tunnistati maailma võimekaimaks naiseks. 25.-27. augustil külastas Dalia Grybauskaite Islandit ja kohtus sealse riigipea Olafur Ragnar Grimssoniga, et tänada riiki Leedu 1991. a. taasiseseisvumise tunnustamise eest

  2. Steel Magnolia speaks out / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2009-01-01

    30. juulil toimunud konverentsil ütles Leedu president Dalia Grybauskaite, et riik ei vaja IMF-i laenu, kuid The Financial Times'i internetiväljaanne väidab vastupidist. Samuti ütles ta, et kahtleb uue tuumajaama ehitamise vajaduses. Augustiks-oktoobriks plaanitavatest visiitidest

  3. The planes are back / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2009-01-01

    2009. aasta alguses pankrotistus Leedu lennufirma FlyLAL, kuid novembris selgus, et Air Baltic ja Leedu lennukompanii Star1 Airlines alustavad uute regulaarlendudega Vilniusest. Leedus on 3 rahvusvahelist lennujaama

  4. Between Russia and Estonia: narratives of place in a new borderland / Alena Pfoser

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pfoser, Alena

    2014-01-01

    Artikkel käsitleb Eesti ja Venemaa piiri läheduses elavaid inimesi – kuidas nad mõtestavad kohta, kus nad elavad, kuidas nad tajuvad viimastel kümnenditel aset leidnud muutusi, millist mõju avaldab neile nõukogulik minevik jne. Aluseks Narvas ja Ivangorodis teostatud etnograafilised välitööd aastatel 2011-2012

  5. Interesting signals from the Kremlin / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Eesti president Toomas Hendrik Ilves ja Läti president Valdis Zatlers said Venemaa presidendilt Dmitri Medvedevilt kutse Teise maailmasõja võidu 65. aastapäeva tähistamise pidustustele Moskvas 9. mail 2010. Leedu president Dalia Grybauskaite pole kutset saanud, kuid teda on kutsutud Moskvasse visiidile talle sobival ajal

  6. Brussels talks about finances, Libya and nukes / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    24.-25. märtsil Brüsselis toimunud Euroopa Ülemkogust osavõtnud Leedu president Dalia Grybauskaite rääkis Valgevenesse rajatavast tuumajaamast ja selle ohust. Kohtumisel kiideti heaks ka stabiilsusmehhanismi ja euroala pakt

  7. Politics and history: Lithuania and the Slavs / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Poliitilised ja ajaloolised suhted Leedu ja slaavlastest naaberrahvaste vahel. 15. novembril Delfi.lt-le antud intervjuus on vene filosoof Aleksandr Dugin öelnud, et Venemaa võib Baltimaid uuesti okupeerida. Kaart

  8. Former health care vice minister sentenced / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Leedu endise tervishoiu aseministri Arturas Skikase kohtuotsusest seoses altkäemaksu võtmisega. Arturas Skikas tunnistas üles, et soovis saada verekeskuse direktori käest 5800 eurot. Tervishoiuminister Algis Caplikas jääb ametisse

  9. Unrest spoils Polish Independence Day / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Poola ultraparempoolsete meeleavaldusest Poola iseseisvuspäeva pidustustel, mis oli suunatud Leedu, juutide, homoseksualismi ja feminismi vastu; poolakeelsest haridusest Leedus, Leedu kogukonnast Poolas

  10. Grybauskaite's two years in office / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Leedu presidenti Dalia Grybauskaitet iseloomustab suur populaarsus rahva seas ning tagasihoilik suhtlemine poliitika-, äri- ja diplomaatiaringkondadega. Grybauskaite seisukohad feminismi- ja sooküsimustes

  11. Looking for alternative energy supplies / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Vilniuses toimunud Balti Arengufoorumil räägiti energeetika teemadel. Euroopa Komisjoni presidendi Jose Manuel Barroso ja Leedu presidendi Dalia Grybauskaite kohtumisel räägiti Leedu-Poola gaasijuhtme rajamisest ja Euroopa integreeritud elektrienergiaturu loomisest

  12. Preparation for Lithuania's leadership over the EU / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    14. jaanuaril toimunud Leedu välisministri Vygaudas Ušackase ja Kreeka asevälisministri Dimitris Droutsase kohtumisel räägiti ka sellest, et 2013. aasta teisel poolel saab Leedust Euroopa Liidu eesestujamaa. Kreeka saab Euroopa Liidu eesistujamaaks 2014. aasta esimesel pool

  13. Mockus: Lithuanians work too much / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Välisleedulasest Colombia 2010. aasta presidendivalimiste kandidaat Antanas Mockus tuli Vilniusesse Demokraatiate Ühenduse kohtumisele. Ta kohtus Leedu välisministri Andronius Azubalisega ja vastas ajakirjanike küsimustele

  14. Center-right coalition to lead Lithuania / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2008-01-01

    Neli Leedu parteid sõlmisid koalitsioonileppe. Valitsust hakkab moodustama Isamaliidu ja Leedu Kristlike Demokraatide juht Andrius Kubilius. Uus koalitsioon kavatseb muuta riigieelarve seaduseelnõud ning vältida 2009. aasta riigieelarve defitsiidi tekkimist

  15. Mirage vs. Albatross - collision in the air / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    30. augustil põrkasid Leedus kokku NATO õhuturbemissioonil olev Prantsuse hävituslennuk Mirage 2000c ja Leedu õppehävitaja L-39ZA Albatross. Leedu piloodid katapulteerusid, Prantsusmaa piloot katapulteerumist ei vajanud. Ohvreid ei olnud

  16. Discussing the sale of the Mistral / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Leedu presidendi Dalia Grybauskaite ja Prantsusmaa Euroopa asjade riigisekretäri Pierre Lellouche'i kohtumisel kinnitas viimane, et Venemaale müüakse Mistral-tüüpi kopterikandja-dessantlaeva tsiviilversioon. Läbirääkimised riikide vahel Mistrali müügi osas alles käivad

  17. Pirouettes around the Vilnius mayor's post / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Isamaaliidu ja Leedu Kristlike Demokraatide Partei viis läbi esimese salajase hääletuse selgitamaks välja partei esikandidaati 2011. aastal toimuvatel kohalikel valimistel. Vilniuse praegune linnapea Vilius Navickas, kes oli lubanud Vilniuse nõukogudeaegseid monumente likvideerida, teise vooru ei pääsenud

  18. Parliament refuses pensions to apparatchiks / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2002-01-01

    Leedu parlament lükkas tagasi seaduseelnõu pensionide tõstmise kohta Teise maailmasõja veteranidele, kes olid Nõukogude okupatsiooni ajal kõrgetel kohtadel kommunistlikus parteis ja julgeolekuteenistuses

  19. Visitor from a parallel world / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2009-01-01

    Valgevene president Aleksandr Lukashenko kohtus Vilniuses Leedu presidendi Dalia Grybauskaitega . Valgevene opositsioon kohtus Leedu peaministri Andrius Kubiliuse ja Leedu välisministri Vygaudas Usackasega

  20. Zatlers discusses energy issues in Lithuania / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    10. veebruaril alanud Läti presidendi Valdis Zatlersi Leedu riigivisiidist, mille käigus ta kohtus ka Leedu presidendi Dalia Grybauskaitega. Kohtumisel räägiti energeetika teemadel ja rõhutati, et riikidevahelised suhted on jätkuvalt head

  1. Lithuanian MEP loses his immunity / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    7. septembril otsustas Euroopa Parlament parlamendisaadiku Viktor Uspaskihhi puutumatuse ära võtta, kuna teda kahtlustatakse Tööerakonna raamatupidamise võltsimises. Viktor Uspaskihhi poliitilisest tegevusest

  2. Komorowski celebrates Lithuanian holiday in Vilnius / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Poola president Bronislaw Komorowski võttis osa 16. veebruaril peetud Leedu riigi taastamise päeva pidustustest. Poola-Leedu vahelistest probleemidest ja Poola välisministri Radoslaw Sikorski osast selles

  3. Passions over the economy minister / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Koolide remondiprojektiga seoses nõudis Leedu president Dalia Grybauskate majandusminister Dainius Kreivyse tagasiastumist, kuna projekti pidi teostama ettevõte, mille osanikuks on ka majandusministri ema. 8. märtsil teatas Dainius Kreivys oma tagasiastumisest

  4. President vs. PM over the economy minister / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    15. veebruaril teatas Leedu president Dalia Grybauskaite, et seoses koolide remondiprojektiga ei usalda ta majandusminister Dainius Kreivyst. 21. veebruaril toimunud peaminister Andrius Kubiliuse ja majandusminister Dainius Kreivyse kohtumisel otsustati, et Kreivys jätkab majandusministrina. President oli koheselt teatanud, et nõuab viimase tagasiastumist

  5. One more high ranking meeting with Putin / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Leedu peaministri Andrius Kubiliuse ja Venemaa peaministri Vladimir Putini kohtumisel Novo-Ogariovos räägiti majandussuhetest ning energeetikast. Nendel teemadel räägiti ka Leedu presidendi Dalia Grybauskaite ja Vladimir Putini 10. veebruaril Helsingis toimunud kohtumisel. Andrius Kubilius edastas Vladimir Putinile kutse osaleda 1.-2. juunil toimuval Balti assambleel

  6. Echo of the Muslim world's events / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Osama bin Ladeni surm ei pakkunud Leedu meediale suurt huvi. Leedu välisminister Audronius Azubalis leiab, et Osama bin Ladeni tabamine toimus valel ajal, sest just praegu on hakanud islamiusulised vabaduse eest võitlema

  7. Funeral for business empire's owner / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Leedu Töösturite Konföderatsiooni president ja Achema Group'i omanik Bronislovas Lubys suri Druskininkai kuurordis 23. oktoobril. Tema matustele oli tulnud ka peaminister Andrius Kubilius. Bronislovas Lubys'e poliitilistest ja majanduslikest seisukohtadest

  8. Lithuanian chemical industry remains profitable / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2009-01-01

    Leedu keemiatööstus, mis on ikka veel kasumlik, moodustab 16,5% riigi SKP-st. Poola Orlen ostis peaaegu 90% Mazeikiu Nafta aktsiatest. Ainus Baltimaade naftatöötlemistehas asub Leedus. Farmaatsiaettevõtetest

  9. Opposition failed to impeach energy minister / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    10. märtsil ei saanud Leedu opositsioon energeetikaminister Arvydas Sekmokasele umbusaldust avaldada. Predisent Dalia Grybauskaite toetab samuti Arvydas Sekmokase jätkamist ministrina. Valitsuse energeetikaplaanid

  10. Kremlin's OSCE Ministerial Council-related demarches / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Detsembril alguses Vilniuses toimunud OSCE kohtumisel kritiseeris USA riigisekretär Hillary Clinton Venemaa parlamendivalimiste korraldamist. Venemaa peaminister Vladimir Putin ütles, et USA riigisekretäri kõne saatis Vene opositsioonile tegutsemissignaali. Venemaa välisministri Sergei Lavrovi ja Leedu välisministri Audronius Azubalise ebasõbralikust kohtumisest. Venemaa blokeeris OSCE-s internetivabaduse kaitsele suunatud deklaratsiooni

  11. Lithuania is cautious regarding sanctions against Minsk / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    23. mail toimus Valgevenes devalvatsioon. Poola välisminister Radoslaw Sikorski üritab veenda Euroopa Liitu Valgevene suhtes majandussanktsioone rakendama. Läti ja Leedu ei ole sellega nõus. 23. mail toimunud president Dalia Grybauskaite ja peaminister Andrius Kubiliuse kohtumisel räägiti Valgevene teemadel

  12. The Kubilius government survives major opposition attack / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Leedu transpordi- ja kommunikatsiooniministri Eligijus Masiulise umbusaldus ebaõnnestus. Peaminister Andrius Kubilius leiab, et opositsioon soovis sellega tema juhitud valitsust kukutada, kuna Eligijus Masiulist peetakse valitsuse parimaks ministriks. Euroopa Parlamendi liikme Roland Paksase poolt alustatud kohtuasjast

  13. Baltic cooperation twenty years later / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    2. detsembril Tallinnas toimunud Baltimaade ja Poola presidentide kohtumisel arutati Rail Balticu projektiga seonduvat. 2. detsembril Kaunases toimunud Baltimaade kaitseministrite Mart Laari, Rasa Jukneviciene ja Artis Pabriksi kohtumisel arutati Balti riikide kaitsekoostööga seotud küsimusi. Samal ajal Visaginases toimunud Läti ja Leedu peaministrite kohtumisel räägiti Visaginase tuumaelektrijaama projektist. LNG terminaliga seotud vaidlustest

  14. Findings in the alleged CIA prison / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Leedu parlamendi julgeolekukomitee kinnitas, et Leedus eksisteerisid CIA salavanglad, kuid ei ole kindlaks tehtud, kas seal on terrorismis kahtlustatavaid kinni hoitud. Leedu suursaadik Gruusias Mecys Laurinkus on ametist vabastatud seoses usalduse kaotusega

  15. Maldeikis resigns amid storm of protest / Rokas M Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M

    2001-01-01

    Leedu majandusminister esitas tagasiastumispalve pärast skandaali, kui sai teatavaks, et tema Moskva-visiidi organiseerimises ja kohtumisel Venemaa nafta- ja gaasikompaniide juhtidega osalesid erafirmad, kes on huvitatud Leedu gaasikompanii erastamisest

  16. The last foreign visit for Kaczynski / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    10. aprillil juhtunud lennuõnnetuses hukkunud Poola presidendist Lech Kaczyńskist. Bronislaw Komorowski sai riigipea kohusetäitjaks. Lech Kaczyński 8. aprilli Leedu visiidist. Poola nimede kirjutamise probleemist Leedus

  17. Russian-Belarusian propaganda war and Vilnius / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Venemaa-Valgevene konfliktist, mille käigus tsenseeritakse meediat ning kritiseeritakse president Aleksandr Lukašenkot ja peaminister Vladimir Putinit, põhjuseks on maagaasi hind. 27. juulil toimunud Leedu peaministri Andrius Kubiliuse ja Valgevene peaministri Sergei Sidorski kohtumisel räägiti vedeldatud gaasi terminali projektist. 26. juunil toimunud Andrius Kubiliuse ja Aleksandr Lukašenko kohtumisest

  18. Lithuania will build its liquid gas terminal / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    21. juulil otsustas Leedu valitsus, et Klaipedasse ehitatakse veeldatud maagaasi terminal. See otsus lõpetab Gazpromi monopoli. 28. juunil toimunud Valgevene presidendi Aleksander Lukashenko ja Leedu peaministri Andrius Kubiliuse kohtumisel räägiti samuti veeldatud maagaasi terminalidest

  19. Baltic leaders celebrate the Baltic Way anniversary / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2009-01-01

    Eesti peaminister Andrus Ansip, Läti peaminister Valdis Dombrovskis ja Leedu peaminister Andrius Kubilius tähistasid 23. augustil Vilniuses Balti keti kahekümnendat aastapäeva. Üritustest võtsid osa ka Leedu president Dalia Grybauskaite ja Baltimaade parlamentide esimehed

  20. Grybauskaite's historic visit to Belarus / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Minskis toimunud presidentide Dalia Grybauskaite ja Aleksandr Lukašenko kohtumisel räägiti 19. detsembril toimuvatest Valgevene presidendivalimistest ja idapartnerlusest. Leedu president kohtus ka opositsiooni liikmetega. Visiidi ajal allkirjastasid riikide välisministrid Audronius Azubalis ja Sergei Martõnov lepingu, mis lihtsustab kahe riigi piiriäärsete elanike piiriületust

  1. Social issues top election agenda / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Leedu valmistub parlamendivalimisteks 2012. a sügisel. President Grybauskaite hoiatab parlamenti sotsiaalse populismi eest, päevakorral on parteide finantseerimine, loodud kaks uut poliitilist jõudu - Drasos Kelias ja Brasauskiene poolt asutatud Leedu presidendi liit. Leedu parteide võimalustest valimistel

  2. Echo of the Latvian political turmoil in Lithuania / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Leedu suursaadik Lätis Antanas Valionis kritiseeris Läti presidenti Valdis Zatlersit pärast tema 28. mai kõne ja leidis, et uued parlamendivalimised Lätis võivad venelastele suunatud jõududele kasulikud olla, samuti on praegune segadus Läti poliitikas halb riigi majanduse ja investeerimiskliima jaoks. 31. mail kohtus Antanas Valionis Leedu presidendi Dalia Grybauskaitega ja seejärel vabandas Valdis Zatlersi ees. Lätis elava Leedu filosoofi Arvydas Juozaitise raamatust "Riga - the civilization of nobody"

  3. South Koreans' withdrawal from the competition over Lithuania's new nuke / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Energiafirma Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) loobus ootamatult Ignalina tuumajaama rajamiseks korraldatud konkursis osalemast. Selle otsuse võimalikest tagamaadest. 5. detsembril Varssavis toimunud Poola ja Baltimaade peaministrite kohtumisel räägiti energiajulgeoleku probleemidest

  4. Belarus and Russia in OSCE Ministerial Council focus / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    6.-7. detsembril Vilniuses toimunud OSCE Ministrite Nõukogu kohtumisel räägiti inimõiguste probleemidest, meediavabadusest, Afganistanist, Araabia kevadest, Valgevenes toimuvast ja Venemaal toimunud parlamendivalimistest. Kohtumise avas Leedu president Dalia Grybauskaite. 6. detsembril kohtus USA riigisekretär Hillary Clinton president Dalia Grybauskaite ja välisminister Audronius Azubalisega

  5. Lithuania lifts ban on EU-Russia talks / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2008-01-01

    Leedu nõustus loobuma oma vetost Venemaa ja EL-i vahelise strateegilise partnerlusleppe kõneluste alustamisele. Leedu, Poola, Rootsi ja Sloveenia välisministrid otsustasid arvestada kõnelustes ka Leedu tõstatatud probleeme

  6. Polish PM visits Lithuanian amidst anti-Lithuanian hysteria in Poland / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Poola peaminister Donald Tusk saabus Palangasse, et kohtuda Leedu peaministri Andrius Kubiliusega ja rääkida temaga Leedu hariduspoliitikast. Samuti pidas ta Vilniuses asuvas Püha Helena kirikus Leedus elavatele poolakatele kõne

  7. EU funds-related Baltic controversies in Brussels / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    10.–13. okt. toimus Brüsselis Euroopa Liidu regionaalpoliitika iga-aastane foorum – Avatud Uste Päevad, kus räägiti ühtekuuluvuspoliitika teemadel. 6. oktoobril saatsid Baltimaade ja Ungari peaministrid EL-i juhtidele kirja, milles ütlevad, et nad ei ole EL-i ühtekuuluvuspoliitika rahastamisega seotud ettepanekutega nõus. Baltimaade põllumehed avaldasid Brüsselis meelt ja nõudsid võrdseid konkurentsitingimusi ning toetusi kõikidele EL-i riikidele

  8. Cutting spending and looking for water-cannons / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2009-01-01

    23. septembril toimunud konverentsil tutvustasid peaminister Andrius Kubilius ning sotsiaal- ja tööminister Donatas Jankauskas sotsiaalvaldkonnas plaanitavaid kärpeid. Prime Consultingu poolt läbiviidud uuringust selgus, et 34% inimestest ei ole oma tulevikus kindlad

  9. Mockus goes to run-off in Colombian presidential election / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Kolumbias 30. mail toimunud presidendivalimistel sai Leedu juurtega Antanas Mockus 21% häältest, tema peamine vastane Juan Manuel Santos sai aga 47% häältest. Presidendivalimiste teine voor toimub 20. juunil. Poola presidendi Bronislav Komorowski ja Kreeka peaministri George Papandreu Leedu-juurtest

  10. The CIA shadow on the outskirts of Vilnius / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2009-01-01

    Leedu võib olla esimene riik, kes tunnistab CIA vangla olemasolu oma territooriumil, kuna telekanali LNK TV andmetel tunnistasid seda mitmed ohvitserid. Poliitikutest, kes on vastanud küsimustele seoses CIA vanglaga

  11. Tougher times for the ruling center-right / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Viimaste sisepoliitiliste muutuste tagajärjel on Leedus praegu võimul vähemusvalitsus. Kui parlament avaldab umbusaldust Linas Karaliusele ja Aleksandr Sacharukile, kellest esimene puudus istungitelt ja teine hääletas parlamendis tema eest, võib koalitsioon saada parlamendis kaks lisakohta. Endise Leedu suursaadiku Gruusias arvamus

  12. Secret agent's death is under re-investigation / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Leedus hakatakse taas uurima kahtlastel asjaoludel Valgevenes hukkunud julgeolekuteenistuse ohvitseri Vytautas Pociunase surma, mis võib olla seotud Ameerika Ühendriikide poolt Valgevene opositsioonile eraldatud toetussummade kadumise uurimisega. EL-i saadiku Leonidas Donskise arvamus

  13. Lithuania's first visa from 1990 on exhibit in the Vilnius airport / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    The Economisti ajakirjanik Edward Lucas, kellele väljastati esimene Leedu Vabariigi viisa numbriga 0001, andis selle viisaga passi Leedu välisministeeriumi muuseumile üle. 2011. aasta jooksul eksponeeritakse seda Vilniuse lennujaamas. Edward Lucase arvamusi Leedu poliitikast

  14. Representing Lithuania's strongest ally / Anne E. Derse ; interviewed by Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Derse, Anne E., 1954-

    2011-01-01

    USA suursaadik Leedus räägib, et USA kavatseb kontrollida Mihhail Golovatovi juhtumiga tegeleva komisjoni tööd, rõhutab, et president Barack Obama tahab investeerida haridusse ja et USA-Leedu suhetes on julgeolekul tähtis osa. Leedu kogukonnast Ameerika Ühendriikides

  15. McCain visits Vilnius to discuss Belarus / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    USA senaatorite ja Esindajatekoja delegatsiooni Leedu visiidi käigus kohtus John McCain Leedus õppivate Valgevene üliõpilaste ja president Dalia Grybauskaitega, et rääkida Valgevenes toimuvast. Leedus toimunutest Valgevene temaatilistest konverentsidest

  16. Municipal elections: Zuokas-led non-party coalition conquers Vilnius / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    27. veebruaril Leedus peetud kohalikel valimistel kogus enim hääli Leedu Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Partei. Praeguse Vilniuse linnapea Arturas Zuokase koalitsioon on saanud 12 kohta Vilniuse linnavolikogus

  17. Obama reassured Kubilius about U.S. security guarantees / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Ameerika Ühendriikide president Barack Obama ja Venemaa riigipea kohtusid 8. aprillil Prahas ning allkirjastasid uue tuumarelvastuse piiramise leppe. Barack Obama oli Prahasse lõunale kutsunud Eesti, Läti, Leedu ja Rumeenia presidendid ning Poola, Tšehhi, Bulgaaria, Horvaatia, Ungari, Slovakkia ja Sloveenia peaministrid. Leedu president Dalia Grybauskaite loobus kutsest, teda asendas peaminister Andrius Kubilius

  18. Microfiltration of soy sauce sediment with rotating disk membrane module; Kaitengata enbanmaku module ni yoru shoyuori no roka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsushita, K.; Kanekuni, N.; Nogaki, H.; Itakura, I.; Shimizu, Y.; Watanabe, A. [TOTO Ltd., Kitakyushu (Japan)

    1995-01-15

    Soy sauce sediment is formed in pasteurization of raw soy sauce. It is treated as industrial waste, though its main component is soy sauce, because of difficulty in perfect clarification of the suspension. In this paper, we decided a suitable range of pore size of microfiltration and a cut-off level of ultrafiltration to clarify soy sauce sediment and we developed a rotating disk membrane module (RD Module) and compared performance with conventional a multi-tubular membrane module (MT Module). The optimum range to obtain soy sauce of quality was less than a pore size of O.2{mu}m for microfiltration, while ultrafiltration was not suitable for soy sauce sediment. Ultrafiltration was restricted by rejection of colors and nucleic acids and related compounds in soy sauce sediment, rather than rejection of bacteria and ethanol. An RD Module could recover soy sauce of quality and was superior to an MT Module for concentration ratio, but the permeate fluxes of the RD Module decreased under conditions of high revolution as centrifugal forces were exerted on the permeate in the disk membrane. The power consumption of the RD Module was proportional to the cube of number of revolutions and to the fifth power of the radius, so it was found that one of methods for the scale up is to increase the number of disk membranes than increase the radius. 15 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

  19. Analysis of the membrane fouling on cross-flow ultrafiltration and microfiltration of soy sauce lees; Shoyuhiireden no kurosuforo roka ni okeru fauringu no kaiseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Furukakwa, T. [Kikkoman Corporation, Chiba (Japan); Kobayashi, H.; Kokubo, K.; Watanabe, A. [Niigata University, Niigata (Japan). Graduate School of Science and Technology

    2000-05-10

    Although since the 1980's Japanese soy sauce manufactures have developed cross-flow membrane filtration systems to recover soy sauce from its lees, the mechanisms by which the membrane fouls during filtration have not been theoretically discussed. Calculated flux declines using a theoretical equation developed for cross-flow cake filtration were compared against experimental results involving the filtration of soy sauce lees using polysulfone ultrafiltration and micro filtration membranes. Membrane fouling due to the deposition and intrusion of soy sauce lees was evaluated from the hydraulic resistances of the membrane and the cake layer. Calculated flux declines with time agree with the experimental results. Specific resistance of the cake layer which is an adjustable parameter of the equation, decreases with increasing cross-flow velocity. Hydraulic resistance exhibited by the membranes is independent of feed flow velocity. However, the resistance of the cake layers decreases with increasing cross-flow velocity. This corresponds to the steady-state flux increase. In conclusion, the main cause of fouling in the filtration of soy sauce lees is cake layer formation. By using the cake filtration model for cross-flow, the flux decline with time during the filtration is capable of being predicted. (author)

  20. Modno vsjo! Nuzhno lish võbrat svojo / Diana Denissova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Denissova, Diana

    2006-01-01

    Moskva moenädalast. Näidati 50 pret-a-porter kollektsiooni sügis-talveks 2006/07. Valentin Judashkini, Natasha Driganti, Sergei Jefremovi, Vjatsheslav Zaitsevi, Ivan Aiplatovi ja Alena Ahmadulina kollektsioonidest

  1. 75 FR 64390 - North American Free Trade Agreement; Invitation for Applications for Inclusion on the Chapter 19...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-19

    ... Procedures Under Chapters 19 and 20'' (see http://www.nafta-sec-alena.org/en/view.aspx?x=345&mtpiID=ALL..., Canada, or Mexico. 11. The names and nationalities of all foreign principals for whom the applicant is...

  2. Embattled MPs lose immunity / Justinas Vainilavicius

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vainilavicius, Justinas

    2008-01-01

    Leedu Seim otsustas parlamendiliikmetelt Rokas Zilinskaselt, Viktor Uspaskihhilt ja Vytautas Gapsyselt ära võtta saadikupuutumatus. Seega jätkuvad parlamendisaadikute üle pooleliolevad kohtuprotsessid

  3. Broken Promises? NAFTA, Immigration, and ‘Shadow’ Regionalism Promesses Rompues ? L’ALENA, l’immigration et le régionalisme informel ¿Promesas incumplidas? El TLCAN, la inmigración y el regionalismo informal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fanny Lauby

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The reduction of immigration was never an official objective of the North American Free Trade Agreement. Yet, it was generally supposed to be one of its long-term consequences. Fifteen years later, Mexican immigration to the United States has in fact increased. The agreement has failed to reduce the attractiveness of the U.S. labor market for Mexican workers and to provide sustainable alternatives to immigration. Over the same period of time, American politicians and the American media have consistently embraced a narrative in which immigration control has become a matter of national security. A paradox has emerged from these two conflicting trends. While the measures taken by the federal government have failed to prevent unauthorized migrants from entering the country, they have also encouraged them to stay longer in the U.S. by making border-crossings too risky. The 1990s therefore witnessed a significant growth of the undocumented population of the United States. This paper analyzes the emergence of a “shadow” regional system between Mexico and the U.S., driven by immigrants themselves, as well as those who profit from undocumented immigration, rather than by institutional actors. This shadow integration is the product of two types of flows: people moving north of the border and, increasingly, remittances moving south. Remittances in turn reinforce immigration trends since they perpetuate the expectations of immigrants. This article examines the development of this parallel form of integration that has taken place at the same time as the implementation of the trade agreement, beyond the control of the Mexican and American governments.La réduction des flux d’immigration n’a jamais été un objectif officiel de l’Accord de Libre Échange Nord Américain. Cependant, elle a souvent été envisagée comme une conséquence à long terme de sa mise en place. Quinze ans plus tard, l’immigration vers les États-Unis en provenance du Mexique s’est en réalité accélérée. L’accord n’a pas pu réduire l’attractivité du marché du travail américain pour les travailleurs mexicains et produire une alternative durable à l’immigration. Au cours de la même période, les hommes politiques et les médias américains ont adopté l’idée selon laquelle le contrôle de l’immigration serait devenu un problème de sécurité nationale. Un paradoxe a émergé de ces deux tendances conflictuelles. Alors que les mesures prises par le gouvernement fédéral n’ont pu prévenir l’afflux d’immigrés sans papiers, elles ont en revanche accru la durée de séjour de ces derniers en accroissant les risques liés à la traversée de la frontière. Dès lors, les années 1990 ont connu une augmentation significative de la population sans papiers des États-Unis. Cet article analyse l’émergence d’un système régional d’intégration entre le Mexique et les États-Unis, impulsé par les immigrés eux-mêmes, ainsi que par ceux qui profitent de l’immigration irrégulière, plutôt que par les acteurs institutionnels. Cette intégration informelle est le produit de deux types de mouvement : celui des migrants vers le nord de la frontière et, de plus en plus, celui de leurs transferts de fonds vers le sud. Ces transferts alimentent à leur tour les flux d’immigration, puisqu’ils perpétuent les attentes des immigrés. Cet article examine le développement de cette forme parallèle d’intégration qui s’est déroulé au même moment que la mise en place de l’accord de libre-échange, au-delà du contrôle des gouvernements mexicain et américain.La reducción de los flujos de inmigración nunca fue un objetivo oficial del Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte. Sin embargo, ha sido considerada, muchas veces, como una consecuencia a largo plazo de la ejecución de dicho tratado. En realidad, quince años después, la inmigración desde México hacia los Estados Unidos ha aumentado. El tratado no ha podido reducir el poder atractivo del mercado laboral norte americano en los trabajadores mejicanos ni proponer tampoco una alternativa sostenible a la inmigración. Durante el mismo periodo, los hombres políticos y los medios de comunicación norteamericanos adoptaron la idea según la cual la inmigración se hubiera convertido en un problema de seguridad nacional. Una paradoja surgió de estas dos tendencias conflictuales. No sólo las medidas que tomó el gobierno federal no pudieron prevenir la afluencia de inmigrantes indocumentados, sino que también aumentaron a la vez la duración de su estancia fuera del país y los riesgos de la travesía de la frontera. Por consiguiente hubo, en los años 1990, un aumento significativo de la población indocumentada en los Estados Unidos.Este artículo analiza la emergencia de un sistema regional de integración informal entre México y los Estados Unidos, movido por los mismos inmigrantes, así como por los que sacan provecho de la inmigración irregular, y no por los protagonistas institucionales. Esta integración informal es el resultado de dos tipos de movimientos: el de los migrantes hacia el norte de la frontera y, cada vez más, el de las remesas hacia el sur. Estas remesas alimentan también los flujos de inmigración, puesto que perpetúan las expectativas de los inmigrantes.  Este artículo examina el desarrollo de esta forma paralela de integración que apareció con la ejecución del tratado de libre comercio, fuera del control de los gobiernos mexicano y norteamericano.

  4. Cross-flow filtration of yeast extract with multi-tubular membrane module and rotating-disk membrane module; Makukaitengata heibanmaku module to tankanjomaku module ni yoru kobo hasaieki no cross flow roka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsushita, K.; Shimizu, Y.; Watanabe, a. [Toto Ltd., Kitakyushu (Japan)

    1994-09-15

    A membrane separation experiment was made with multi-tubular membrane module and rotating-disk membrane module to study the cross-flow filtration of yeast extract. The membrane was an alumina precision filtration membrane with 0.15 micron m diameter pores. A multi-tubular membrane which was 19 in number of channels and 0.113{sup 2} in effective membrane area was fitted to the multi-tubular membrane module. A rotating-disk membrane which was 0.071m{sup 2} in effective membrane area was fitted to the rotating-disk membrane module. Judging from the concentration speed and factor, the rotating-disk type is more advantageous in concentrating the suspension than the multi-tubular type. The soluble high-molecular component was more easily filtrated through the rotating-disk type, which is judged attributable to its possible operation at a high flow rate on the membrane surface without necessitating a high-flow rate circulation pump. As compared with the conventional cross-filtration type, the rotating-disk type gives a high permeate flux even at a high concentration factor. 11 refs., 5 figs.

  5. The virtual GULLIVER project

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trappl, R.; Nijholt, Antinus; Stuk, M.; Zwiers, Jakob

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we discuss our virtual reality project Gulliver. This project is part of a more comprehensive project conceived by two artists, Matjaž Štuk and Alena Hudcovicová, called “Gulliver’s Museum of Living Art��?. Our part of the project involves a virtual reality version of Swift’s Gulliver

  6. Enabling virtual communities: Gulliver and Aveiro

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijholt, Antinus; Faisal, K.; Sarfraz, M.

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we discuss two of our projects on virtual realities. First there is the virtual reality project Gulliver. This project is part of a more comprehensive project conceived by two artists, Matjaž Štuk and Alena Hudcovicová, called “Gulliver’s Museum of Living Art��?. Our part of the

  7. DARPA Antibody Technology Program. Standardized Test Bed for Antibody Characterization: Characterization of an MS2 ScFv Antibody Produced by Illumina

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    ECBC-TR-1395 DARPA ANTIBODY TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM STANDARDIZED TEST BED FOR... ANTIBODY CHARACTERIZATION: CHARACTERIZATION OF AN MS2 SCFV ANTIBODY PRODUCED BY ILLUMINA Patricia E. Buckley Alena M. Calm Heather Welsh Roy...4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE DARPA Antibody Technology Program Standardized Test Bed for Antibody Characterization: Characterization of an MS2 ScFv

  8. Фотоконкурс о Таллинне завершен

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Tallinna linna korraldatud fotokonkursi "Parim jõulukaunistusfoto" tulemused. Hindamiskomisjon valis parimaks Aleksei Rokaševitši foto "Võluv öine Tallinn". Avaliku hääletuse lemmik oli Arina Verbovetskaja foto «Jõulupuu!». Parimaid fotosid saab vaadata Kadrioru Pargi muuseumis

  9. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Onesmus Maina Muchemi, Agnes Wangechi Gichogo, Jane Githuku Mungai, Zeinab Gura Roka. Vol 11, No 1 (2012), Trends in performance of the National Measles Case-Based Surveillance System, Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, Zimbabwe (1999 - 2008), Abstract PDF. R Choto, A Chadambuka, G Shambira, ...

  10. Economic and nutritional conditions at settlement schemes in Coast Province, Kenya

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoorweg, J.C.; Niemeijer, R.; Foeken, D.W.J.; Okello, W.; Veerman, W.

    1991-01-01

    This report is concerned with land distribution and rural development and presents the final results of a survey carried out in 1985-1986 in four settlement schemes: Diani and Ukunda in Kwale District and Roka and Mtwapa in Kilifi District, Coast Province, Kenya. In each scheme 100 households were

  11. The Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve and Thyroid Surgery; Who to Scope ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Review with Meta Analysis of Studies Comparing. Intra-Operative Neuromonitoring of Recurrent. Laryngeal Nerves Versus Visualization Alone. During Thyroid Surgery. J Surg Res. 2014; 181(1):. 152-61. 6. Hermann M, Alk G, Roka R, et al. Laryngeal. Recurrent Nerve Injury in Surgery for Benign. Thyroid Diseases: Effect of ...

  12. Random effects model for the reliability management of modules of a fighter aircraft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sohn, So Young [Department of Computer Science and Industrial Systems Engineering, Yonsei University, Shinchondong 134, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: sohns@yonsei.ac.kr; Yoon, Kyung Bok [Department of Computer Science and Industrial Systems Engineering, Yonsei University, Shinchondong 134, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: ykb@yonsei.ac.kr; Chang, In Sang [Department of Computer Science and Industrial Systems Engineering, Yonsei University, Shinchondong 134, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: isjang@yonsei.ac.kr

    2006-04-15

    The operational availability of fighter aircrafts plays an important role in the national defense. Low operational availability of fighter aircrafts can cause many problems and ROKA (Republic of Korea Airforce) needs proper strategies to improve the current practice of reliability management by accurately forecasting both MTBF (mean time between failure) and MTTR (mean time to repair). In this paper, we develop a random effects model to forecast both MTBF and MTTR of installed modules of fighter aircrafts based on their characteristics and operational conditions. Advantage of using such a random effects model is the ability of accommodating not only the individual characteristics of each module and operational conditions but also the uncertainty caused by random error that cannot be explained by them. Our study is expected to contribute to ROKA in improving operational availability of fighter aircrafts and establishing effective logistics management.

  13. Electronic systems for the organization and planning of school

    OpenAIRE

    Vodová, Alena

    2014-01-01

    TITLE: Electronic systems for the organization and planning of school AUTHOR: Alena Vodová DEPARTMENT: The Center of School management SUPERVISOR: Ing. Petr Svoboda Ph.D. ABSTRACT: The bachelor thesis gives comprehensive overview electronic systems for organization and planning of school. Maps of species, describes their function, demonstrates the benefits, modes and applications to use in school. In the research part individuals system compares between them and validates their use in schools...

  14. 14 February 2012 - Vice-President of the Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic A. Gajduskova signing the guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer; visiting ATLAS experimental area with Collaboration Spokesperson F. Gianotti. Ambassador Sequensova to the UN accompanies the Vice-President.

    CERN Document Server

    Maximilien Brice

    2012-01-01

    Vice-president of the Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic, Alena Gajduskova was welcomed to CERN by Rolf Heuer, CERN’s director-general, on 14 and 15 February. Her time at CERN included the ATLAS Visitor Centre and underground experimental area, the LHC tunnel, the LHC superconducting-magnet test hall and the ALICE underground experimental area. She also heard a presentation on the LHC Computing Grid Project at CERN’s Computer Centre.

  15. Iskusstvo bumazhnogo lista / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Tšehhi Vabariigi suursaatkonna vahendatud tšehhi graafika näitus "10 isiksust tšehhi graafikas" Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus. Tsehhi graafika ajaloost ja töödest näitusel. Esindatud on kunstnikud Eduard Ovèaèek, Kveta Pacovska, Alena Kuèerova, Mikolash Axman, Adolf Born, Ladislav €epelak, Jiri Shalamoun, Lubomir Paeibyl, Jaroslav Kralik ja Jiri Anderle

  16. Mongolský tanec

    OpenAIRE

    Fritscherová, Jana

    2015-01-01

    Tittle: Mongolian dance Author: Jana Fritscherová Supervisor: PhDr. Alena Oberfalzerová, Ph.D. The current work deals with dances on the territory of Mongolia. It focuses in particular on the Biyelgee dance. Interviews from the field research are included in the work to better illustrate the Mongolian way of thinking concerning the concept of the dance. A very important subchapter features dance description, in which selected typed of Mongolian dances are specifically concerned. The work also...

  17. Feasibility Analysis of UAV Technology to Improve Tactical Surveillance in South Korea’s Rear Area Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-01

    19 Figure 9. South Korea Topography . Source: Wikimedia Commons (2016) .............19 Figure 10. Terrain Map and Terrain Features. Adapted from...the effectiveness of using UAVs to overcome NK’s capability to fire scatterable mines . His study introduces computer modeling and simulation to the...ROKA artillery research about NK’s mine artillery threat, whereas previous efforts had been mostly qualitative analyses. He used more capable UAVs

  18. The regional energy integration: the latin-american experiences

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2003-01-01

    The ways of the regional economic integrations are not identical and generate different repercussions on the markets and the energy industries evolution. The example of the Latin America proposes many various experiences to evaluate the stakes and the limits of each regional integrations. These limits lead to solution researches including indisputable convergencies. The first part of this document presents the genesis of these regional economic integrations experiences in Latina America, to study in the second part the energy consequences of the liberal ALENA and of the more political MERCOSUR. (A.L.B.)

  19. The regional energy integration: the latin-american experiences; L'integration energetique regionale: les experiences latino-americaines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    The ways of the regional economic integrations are not identical and generate different repercussions on the markets and the energy industries evolution. The example of the Latin America proposes many various experiences to evaluate the stakes and the limits of each regional integrations. These limits lead to solution researches including indisputable convergencies. The first part of this document presents the genesis of these regional economic integrations experiences in Latina America, to study in the second part the energy consequences of the liberal ALENA and of the more political MERCOSUR. (A.L.B.)

  20. The regional energy integration: the latin-american experiences; L'integration energetique regionale: les experiences latino-americaines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    The ways of the regional economic integrations are not identical and generate different repercussions on the markets and the energy industries evolution. The example of the Latin America proposes many various experiences to evaluate the stakes and the limits of each regional integrations. These limits lead to solution researches including indisputable convergencies. The first part of this document presents the genesis of these regional economic integrations experiences in Latina America, to study in the second part the energy consequences of the liberal ALENA and of the more political MERCOSUR. (A.L.B.)

  1. Aktivity žáků konkrétní školy k ochraně životního prostředí

    OpenAIRE

    Malý, Tomáš

    2015-01-01

    Title: Activities of pupils of specifis school for enviromental protection Author: Tomáš Malý Department of Pedagogy Supervisor: PhDr. Alena Thorovská Abstract: Theme of this work is project of teaching environmental education in two-year practical school. This essay is outlining some problems with project education and possibilities of pupils of practical school in this area. Intention of this essay is to describe how we can apply environmental education in the form of simple projects which ...

  2. Désagrarisation de l’économie paysanne et « refonctionnalisation » de la localité rurale au Mexique

    OpenAIRE

    Léonard, Éric; Palma, Rafael

    2017-01-01

    Le travail présenté ici se propose d’analyser les modalités de recomposition des espaces ruraux mexicains dans le cadre de la ratification du Traité de libre-échange avec les États-Unis et le Canada (Alena). On assiste ainsi à la recomposition et à la mise en réseau de certains territoires autour des filières de production, conditionnement et mise en marché de produits frais à forte intensité en travail et capital. L’enquête porte plus particulièrement sur la région des Tuxtlas, au sud de l’É...

  3. Type specimens of centipedes (Myriapoda, Chilopoda in the National Museum, Prague (Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petr Dolejš

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The centipede collection in the National Museum in Prague contains type material of 16 taxa (14 species and two subspecies, of which 15 were described by Luděk J. Dobroruka and one by Karl W. Verhoeff: Allothereua wilsonae Dobroruka, 1979; Chinobius alenae Dobroruka, 1980; Lithobius corrigendus Dobroruka, 1988; L. creticus Dobroruka, 1977; L. erythrocephalus mohelensis Dobroruka, 1959; L. evae Dobroruka, 1958; L. magurensis Dobroruka, 1971; L. purkynei Dobroruka, 1957; L. tatricus Dobroruka, 1958; L. tatricus monounguis Dobroruka, 1958; Monotarsobius homolaci Dobroruka, 1971; M. krali Dobroruka, 1979; Pachymerium dilottiae Dobroruka, 1976; P. hanzaki Dobroruka, 1976; Scolopendra aztecorum Verhoeff, 1934 and Strigamia olympica Dobroruka, 1977. Of these 16 taxa, five were described from the Czech Republic, three from Slovakia and eight from other countries (Greece, Iraq, Kyrgyzstan, Mexico, Nepal, Russia and Uzbekistan. The eight taxa described from the Czech and Slovak Republics are now considered as junior synonyms but the eight taxa described from the other countries are still valid.

  4. We won a National award

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Meciarova, A.; Cicova, V.

    2011-01-01

    On the occasion of the 43 rd conference for water management in the industry results of the 3 rd competition were announced for the National Business Award for Environment in the Slovak Republic 2011 organized by the Association of Industrial Ecology in Slovakia (ASPEK). The first prize in the category 'product; went to the hands of Slovenske elektrarne representatives for providing the energy self-sufficiency of Tery Chalet, High Tatras, all year round with installing photovoltaic system. 'We have a complex programme of five energies through which we support culture, sports, humanity, education and environmental protection. Hence we try to support constant sustainability of biodiversity,' underlined Alena Meciarova, Manager of Environment at Slovenske elektrarne. (author)

  5. Atlas(®) Listeria monocytogenes LmG2 Detection Assay Using Transcription Mediated Amplification to Detect Listeria monocytogenes in Selected Foods and Stainless Steel Surface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bres, Vanessa; Yang, Hua; Hsu, Ernie; Ren, Yan; Cheng, Ying; Wisniewski, Michele; Hanhan, Maesa; Zaslavsky, Polina; Noll, Nathan; Weaver, Brett; Campbell, Paul; Reshatoff, Michael; Becker, Michael

    2014-01-01

    The Atlas Listeria monocytogenes LmG2 Detection Assay, developed by Roka Bioscience Inc., was compared to a reference culture method for seven food types (hot dogs, cured ham, deli turkey, chicken salad, vanilla ice cream, frozen chocolate cream pie, and frozen cheese pizza) and one surface (stainless steel, grade 316). A 125 g portion of deli turkey was tested using a 1:4 food:media dilution ratio, and a 25 g portion for all other foods was tested using 1:9 food:media dilution ratio. The enrichment time and media for Roka's method was 24 to 28 h for 25 g food samples and environmental surfaces, and 44 to 48 h for 125 g at 35 ± 2°C in PALCAM broth containing 0.02 g/L nalidixic acid. Comparison of the Atlas Listeria monocytogenes LmG2 Detection Assay to the reference method required an unpaired approach. For each matrix, 20 samples inoculated at a fractional level and five samples inoculated at a high level with a different strain of Listeria monocytogenes were tested by each method. The Atlas Listeria monocytogenes LmG2 Detection Assay was compared to the Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC INTERNATIONAL 993.12 method for dairy products, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service, Microbiology Laboratory Guidebook 8.08 method for ready-to-eat meat and environmental samples, and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Bacteriological Analytical Manual, Chapter 10 method for frozen foods. In the method developer studies, Roka's method, at 24 h (or 44 h for 125 g food samples), had 126 positives out of 200 total inoculated samples, compared to 102 positives for the reference methods at 48 h. In the independent laboratory studies, vanilla ice cream, deli turkey and stainless steel grade 316 were evaluated. Roka's method, at 24 h (or 44 h for 125 g food samples), had 64 positives out of 75 total inoculated samples compared to 54 positives for the reference methods at 48 h. The Atlas Listeria monocytogenes LmG2 Detection Assay detected all 50

  6. Performance analysis of a grid connected photovoltaic park on the island of Crete

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kymakis, Emmanuel; Kalykakis, Sofoklis; Papazoglou, Thales M.

    2009-01-01

    The favorable climate conditions of the island of Crete and the recent legislation for utilization of renewable energy sources provide a substantial incentive for installation of photovoltaic power plants. In this paper, the grid connected photovoltaic park of C. Rokas SA in Sitia, Crete, is presented, and its performance is evaluated. The photovoltaic park has a peak power of 171.36 kW p and has been in operation since 2002. The park is suitably monitored during 1 year, and the performance ratio and the various power losses (temperature, soiling, internal, network, power electronics, grid availability and interconnection) are calculated. The PV park supplied 229 MW h to the grid during 2007, ranging from 335.48 to 869.68 kW h. The final yield (Y F ) ranged from 1.96 to 5.07 h/d, and the performance ratio (PR) ranged from 58 to 73%, giving an annual PR of 67.36%

  7. Electrical Equipment of Electrical Stations and Substations,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-10-25

    flocronthoro ’roka "rNUSPONUS reuepa’rop Tpexzaamor TOKA 6C. so, iso ynpomxeuuoe 63aeg (O#cms1poHM reHepaTop C ObiBeleHnbumH WeCTblo KoimaUU itA3...currents during short circuit on the terminals/grippers: the turbogenerators 12): .I1’ 1.5; the hydraulic generators 0a:I. ,-0 (.PA >3) ISO ---01...330TATl 111-31500/110 BC- 17,5 (10,5) 6800 5600 7600 123 397 Bll - 10,5 (17) C11 - 6.3 (6) TJATI 11-000/I10 - 8583 5275 7700 129 474 TLI, 11’--I.U500/I 1o

  8. Research document no. 20. The constitutionalizing of the international legal regime of the petroleum investments and the world market reconstruction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Noel, P.

    2000-09-01

    We analyse the new international legal regime for upstream petroleum investments and ''state contracts'' in general. In striking contrast to the ''New international economic order'' and ''Permanent sovereignty over natural resources'' ideologies of the 1960 and 1970, the emerging regime promotes the sanctification of contractual economic rights; the strict definition of State sovereign prerogatives, and the severe limitation of their conditions of exercise; the internationalization of the settlement of disputes through direct firm-State arbitration; the integration of national territories in a competitive, transparent, non-discriminative global market for investment. We demonstrate that it is rooted in the principles of liberal constitutionalism, hence promoting the internationalization of the Rule of Law. Such a legal regime is conducive to the expansion of the market for petroleum rights, as it restores the institutional conditions for credible commitment by the State. It will also accelerate the trend toward the ''commoditization'' of hydrocarbon resources. Bilateral investments treaties (especially the United States BIT program) as well as multilateral/regional instruments both general (draft MAI, MIGA, MERCOSUR, ALENA) and energy-specific (Energy Charter Treaty) are analysed as the main pillars and diffusion mechanisms of the new regime. A final paragraph indicates the way forward: the evaluation of the impact of this new legal regime on the world oil supply curve, especially as it eventually reaches - or not - some of the lowest-cost, biggest-resources countries. (author)

  9. Plutonium Chemistry in the UREX+ Separation Processes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    ALena Paulenova; George F. Vandegrift, III; Kenneth R. Czerwinski

    2009-10-01

    The project "Plutonium Chemistry in the UREX+ Separation Processes” is led by Dr. Alena Paulenova of Oregon State University under collaboration with Dr. George Vandegrift of ANL and Dr. Ken Czerwinski of the University of Nevada at Las Vegas. The objective of the project is to examine the chemical speciation of plutonium in UREX+ (uranium/tributylphosphate) extraction processes for advanced fuel technology. Researchers will analyze the change in speciation using existing thermodynamics and kinetic computer codes to examine the speciation of plutonium in aqueous and organic phases. They will examine the different oxidation states of plutonium to find the relative distribution between the aqueous and organic phases under various conditions such as different concentrations of nitric acid, total nitrates, or actinide ions. They will also utilize techniques such as X-ray absorbance spectroscopy and small-angle neutron scattering for determining plutonium and uranium speciation in all separation stages. The project started in April 2005 and is scheduled for completion in March 2008.

  10. Enzimatik Yöntemle Bazı Sebze ve Meyvelerde Nitrat Düzeyinin Belirlenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nevzat Artık

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada Ankara ve çevresinde 2000 yılı içerisinde yetiştirilen bazı taze sebze ve meyve örnekleri materyal olarak kullanıldı. Bu örneklere ait nitrat miktarları enzimatik Boehringer Mannheim GmbH metodu ile belirlendi. Nitrat içeriğinin taze sebzelerde 0.00-3019.41 mg/kg, taze meyvelerde ise 0.00-126.19 mg/kg arasında değiştiği saptandı. Nitrat miktarı, kereviz (3667.40 mg/kg, roka (3019,41 mg/kg ve pazı (2621.79 mg/kg örneklerinde yüksek bulunurken, kavun (0.00-47.93 mg/kgt karpuz (47.21-126.19 mg/kg gibi meyveler ile havuç (0.00-47.71 mg/kg, domates (0.00-71.10 mg/kg gibi meyve benzeri sebzelerde düşük düzeyde bulundu.

  11. Early experiences of planning stereotactic radiosurgery using 3D printed models of eyes with uveal melanomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Furdová A

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Alena Furdová,1 Miron Sramka,2 Andrej Thurzo,3 Adriana Furdová3 1Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, 2Department of Stereotactic Radiosurgery, St Elisabeth Cancer Inst and St Elisabeth University College of Health and Social Work, 3Department of Simulation and Virtual Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovak Republic Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the use of 3D printed model of an eye with intraocular tumor for linear accelerator-based stereotactic radiosurgery.Methods: The software for segmentation (3D Slicer created virtual 3D model of eye globe with tumorous mass based on tissue density from computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging data. A virtual model was then processed in the slicing software (Simplify3D® and printed on 3D printer using fused deposition modeling technology. The material that was used for printing was polylactic acid.Results: In 2015, stereotactic planning scheme was optimized with the help of 3D printed model of the patient’s eye with intraocular tumor. In the period 2001–2015, a group of 150 patients with uveal melanoma (139 choroidal melanoma and 11 ciliary body melanoma were treated. The median tumor volume was 0.5 cm3 (0.2–1.6 cm3. The radiation dose was 35.0 Gy by 99% of dose volume histogram.Conclusion: The 3D printed model of eye with tumor was helpful in planning the process to achieve the optimal scheme for irradiation which requires high accuracy of defining the targeted tumor mass and critical structures. Keywords: 3D printing, uveal melanoma, stereotactic radiosurgery, linear accelerator, intraocular tumor, stereotactic planning scheme

  12. Research document no. 20. The constitutionalizing of the international legal regime of the petroleum investments and the world market reconstruction; Cahier de recherche no. 20. La constitutionalisation du regime juridique international des investissements petroliers et la (re)construction du marche mondial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noel, P

    2000-09-01

    We analyse the new international legal regime for upstream petroleum investments and ''state contracts'' in general. In striking contrast to the ''New international economic order'' and ''Permanent sovereignty over natural resources'' ideologies of the 1960 and 1970, the emerging regime promotes the sanctification of contractual economic rights; the strict definition of State sovereign prerogatives, and the severe limitation of their conditions of exercise; the internationalization of the settlement of disputes through direct firm-State arbitration; the integration of national territories in a competitive, transparent, non-discriminative global market for investment. We demonstrate that it is rooted in the principles of liberal constitutionalism, hence promoting the internationalization of the Rule of Law. Such a legal regime is conducive to the expansion of the market for petroleum rights, as it restores the institutional conditions for credible commitment by the State. It will also accelerate the trend toward the ''commoditization'' of hydrocarbon resources. Bilateral investments treaties (especially the United States BIT program) as well as multilateral/regional instruments both general (draft MAI, MIGA, MERCOSUR, ALENA) and energy-specific (Energy Charter Treaty) are analysed as the main pillars and diffusion mechanisms of the new regime. A final paragraph indicates the way forward: the evaluation of the impact of this new legal regime on the world oil supply curve, especially as it eventually reaches - or not - some of the lowest-cost, biggest-resources countries. (author)

  13. Medizinbibliotheken: Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bauer, Bruno

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available [english] The focus of the current issue 3/2014 of GMS Medizin – Bibliothek – Information is the annual conference 2014 of the German Medical Libraries Association in Mannheim. The motto of the conference was “Medical libraries: Information”. The authors in this issue are Michaele Adam (Bibliometrics 2.0 – Altmetrics in Medicine, Bruno Bauer (Open access cooperation in Austria: Open Access Network Austria and Austria – recent developments since 2012, Fabian Gail & Ulrich Korwitz (Market and strategy – results of the ZB MED market study, Sabine Gehrlein (Library goes Anatomy: Anatomical teaching media at Heidelberg University Library, Kaja Scheliga (Opening science: New publication forms in science, Ulrike Ostrzinski (The four types of social media user in the academic and research community. Results of a nationwide study, Sandra Pfob & Alena Ittner (First aid for library use on PC: webinars increase library visits, reach everyone, save costs, Simone Waldboth (Integration of e-learning in the lecture “Information Literacy” at the Provincial College for Health-Care Professions Claudiana, Maike Piegler (The pick up box of the library of the Hamburg medical association – a way to bring scientific information to medical specialists and Christoph Wehrmüller & Heidrun Janka (Medical : Information – Annual meeting 2014 of the German MLA, September 22 to 24 in Mannheim.Furthermore this focus issue features articles from Bruno Bauer (: transformation strategies for subscription-based journaleport on the 8 Open Access Days at Cologne, September 8–9 2014, Eike Hentschel (German MLA News; Pioneer projects in medical libraries 2014: Introduction of the winners; Pioneer projects in medical libraries 2015 – Announcement and Franz J. Kühnen (Klaus Gerber 1934–2014.

  14. A Model for a Chikungunya Outbreak in a Rural Cambodian Setting: Implications for Disease Control in Uninfected Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duong, Veasna; Ly, Sowath; Ngan, Chantha; Buchy, Philippe; Tarantola, Arnaud; Rodó, Xavier

    2014-01-01

    Following almost 30 years of relative silence, chikungunya fever reemerged in Kenya in 2004. It subsequently spread to the islands of the Indian Ocean, reaching Southeast Asia in 2006. The virus was first detected in Cambodia in 2011 and a large outbreak occurred in the village of Trapeang Roka Kampong Speu Province in March 2012, in which 44% of the villagers had a recent infection biologically confirmed. The epidemic curve was constructed from the number of biologically-confirmed CHIKV cases per day determined from the date of fever onset, which was self-reported during a data collection campaign conducted in the village after the outbreak. All individuals participating in the campaign had infections confirmed by laboratory analysis, allowing for the identification of asymptomatic cases and those with an unreported date of fever onset. We develop a stochastic model explicitly including such cases, all of whom do not appear on the epidemic curve. We estimate the basic reproduction number of the outbreak to be 6.46 (95% C.I. [6.24, 6.78]). We show that this estimate is particularly sensitive to changes in the biting rate and mosquito longevity. Our model also indicates that the infection was more widespread within the population on the reported epidemic start date. We show that the exclusion of asymptomatic cases and cases with undocumented onset dates can lead to an underestimation of the reproduction number which, in turn, could negatively impact control strategies implemented by public health authorities. We highlight the need for properly documenting newly emerging pathogens in immunologically naive populations and the importance of identifying the route of disease introduction. PMID:25210729

  15. Sklapanje ugovora o vezu i ugovora o ostavi plovila konkludentnim činima : [prikaz presude

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vesna Skorupan Wolff

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Tužitelj kao vlasnik plovila smatra da je između njega i marine kao tuženika sklopljen konkludentnim činima ugovor o ostavi plovila. Tužitelj je kupio i preuzeo plovilo od ranijeg vlasnika koji je s marinom bio u ugovornom odnosu. Nakon što je tužitelj pozvan od tuženika (marine da preuzme i ukloni plovilo sa veza jer će u protivnom biti premješteno na drugi vez, tužitelj to nije učinio. Ne može se smatrati da je ugovor o ostavi bio zaključen, kako to smatra tužitelj, konkludentnim činima tužitelja koji nije preuzeo plovilo nakon određenog roka te tuženika koji je premjestio plovilo na drugi vez, a u zimskom razdoblju ga ponovno vratio na siguran zaštićeni dio marine. U ponašanju tuženika i njegovom pozivu tužitelju da preuzme plovilo te premještanju plovila na drugi manje siguran vez nakon što tužitelj u određenom roku nije preuzeo plovilo, nema elemenata izražavanja volje za sklapanje ugovora o čuvanju plovila. Nedostatak volje za sklapanja ugovora o ostavi već na strani tuženika ukazuje da između stranaka nije nastao ugovor o čuvanju tužiteljevog plovila.

  16. Pravni odnosi iz zakupa broda prema odredbama BIMCO obrasca BARECON 2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marija Pijaca

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available U ovom se radu analiziraju odredbe BIMCO-vog standardnog ugovornog obrasca o zakupu broda, kodnog naziva BARECON 2001, sadržane u njegovom drugom, središnjem dijelu. Analiza se sastoji od nekoliko tematski podijeljenih dijelova. Najprije se utvrđuje tko su stranke ugovornog odnosa zakupa broda, navode se definicije uvodnih pojmova obrasca te određuju specifičnosti trajanja ugovora o zakupu broda. Potom se utvrđuju temeljna prava i obveze ugovornih stranaka (predaja broda, otkaz ugovora zbog zakašnjenja predaje broda, zakupnina i vraćanje broda, a nakon toga i sva ostala prava i obveze vezane uz uporabu i izvršenje ugovora (npr. reguliranje troškova pregleda broda te pogonskog goriva i zaliha prilikom predaje i vraćanja, pravo nadzora broda, ograničenje uporabe broda, održavanje i obavljanje radova na brodu, osiguranje kod ugovora o zakupu broda, založno pravo (mortgage i lien, obeštećenje, ostvarenje prava na nagradu za spašavanje i doprinos u zajedničkoj havariji, uklanjanje podrtina, uvjeti prijenosa prava iz ugovora o zakupu na trećeg, bankarska garancija, plaćanje provizije agentu posredniku, prestanak ugovora prije proteka roka trajanja zakupa, deposesija broda, rješavanje sporova, obavijesti. Odredbe drugog, središnjeg dijela obrasca BARECON 2001 također se analiziraju u odnosu na prethodni obrazac BARECON 89. Kritički se osvrće na one odredbe obrasca BARECON 2001 za koje se smatra da mogu izazvati različita pravna tumačenja. U zaključnom razmatranju sumiraju se rješenja odredbi obrasca te se upućuje na nekoliko prijedloga poboljšanja njegova sadržaja.

  17. A model for a chikungunya outbreak in a rural Cambodian setting: implications for disease control in uninfected areas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marguerite Robinson

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Following almost 30 years of relative silence, chikungunya fever reemerged in Kenya in 2004. It subsequently spread to the islands of the Indian Ocean, reaching Southeast Asia in 2006. The virus was first detected in Cambodia in 2011 and a large outbreak occurred in the village of Trapeang Roka Kampong Speu Province in March 2012, in which 44% of the villagers had a recent infection biologically confirmed. The epidemic curve was constructed from the number of biologically-confirmed CHIKV cases per day determined from the date of fever onset, which was self-reported during a data collection campaign conducted in the village after the outbreak. All individuals participating in the campaign had infections confirmed by laboratory analysis, allowing for the identification of asymptomatic cases and those with an unreported date of fever onset. We develop a stochastic model explicitly including such cases, all of whom do not appear on the epidemic curve. We estimate the basic reproduction number of the outbreak to be 6.46 (95% C.I. [6.24, 6.78]. We show that this estimate is particularly sensitive to changes in the biting rate and mosquito longevity. Our model also indicates that the infection was more widespread within the population on the reported epidemic start date. We show that the exclusion of asymptomatic cases and cases with undocumented onset dates can lead to an underestimation of the reproduction number which, in turn, could negatively impact control strategies implemented by public health authorities. We highlight the need for properly documenting newly emerging pathogens in immunologically naive populations and the importance of identifying the route of disease introduction.

  18. Slides with no attached paper

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Warin, Dominique; Wallenius, Janne; Ouzounian, Gerald; Wikberg, Peter; Todd, Terry A.; Kormilitsyn, Mikhael V.; Osipenko, Alexander G.; Mayorshin, A.A.; McLachlan, Fiona; Nash, Ken L.; Nilsson, M.; Grimes, T.; Braley, J.C.; TAKESHITA, Kenji; Babain, Vasiliy A.; Spendlikova, I.; Distler, P.; John, J.; Sebesta, F.; VU, Trong-Hung; SIMONIN, Jean-Pierre; PAULENOVA, Alena; PRECEK, Martin; HARTIG, Kyle; KNAPP, Nathan; Vidick, Geoffrey; Bouslimani, Nouri; Desreux, Jean F.; Lewis, F.W.; Hudson, M.J.; Harwood, L.M.; Nunez, Ana; Nagarajan, K.; Vasudeva Rao, P.R.; Raj, Baldev; Ignatiev, Victor; Surenkov, Alexander; Pouchon, Manuel A.; Skarnemark, Gunnar; Allard, Stefan; Ekberg, Christian; Retegan, Teodora; Nordlund, Anders; John, Jan; Maershin, Alexander; Zakirov, R.; Panov, A.; Toropov, Andrey

    2010-01-01

    This document brings together the different presentations (slides) given at the workshop but with no attached paper. These slides refer to the following presentations: - Presentation of ITN (Instituto Tecnologico e Nuclear); - Minor Actinide Partitioning (Dominique Warin); - Transmutation (Janne Wallenius); - Radioactive Waste Management, IGD-TP (Gerald Ouzounian); - Present status of the Swedish nuclear waste management programme (Peter Wikberg); - The U.S. Fuel Cycle Research and Development Program - Separations Research and Development (Terry Todd); - Strategies and national programs of closed fuel cycles - Russian Expert Vision (Mikhael Kormilitsyn) - Extraction Studies Of Potential Solvent Formulations For The GANEX Process (Fiona MacLachlan); - Investigations of The Fundamental Chemistry of the TALSPEAK Process (Ken Nash); - Extraction Separation of Trivalent Minor Actinides and Lanthanides by Hexa-dentate Nitrogen-donor Extractant, TPEN, and its Analogs (Kenji Takeshita); - Fluorinated Diluents for HLW Processing - technological point of view (Vasiliy Babain); - Extraction properties of some new pyridine molecules and search for better diluents (Irena Spendlikova); - Kinetics of extraction of Eu 3+ ion by TODGA and CyMe 4 -BTBP studied using the RMC technique (Trong Hung Vu); - Redox Chemistry of Neptunium in Solutions of Nitric Acid (Alena Paulenova); - NMR applied to actinide ions and their complexes. In search of covalency effects (Geoffrey Vidick); - Towards 'Stability Rules' for Radiolysis of bis-DGA compounds (Ana Nunez); - Pyroprocess Research Activities at IGCAR, Kalpakkam, India (K. Nagarajan); - Critical issues of nuclear energy systems employing molten salt fluorides: from ISTC No. 1606 to No. 3749 (1. year of project activity) and MARS/EVOL cooperation (Victor Ignatiev); - Conversion processes: Internal Gelation and the Sphere-pac concept (Manuel Pouchon); - A Combined Nuclear Technology and Nuclear Chemistry Master. A Unique

  19. Fat- and fiber-related diet behavior among type 2 diabetes patients from distinct regions

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    Hendrychova T

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Tereza Hendrychova,1 Magda Vytrisalova,1 Abdullah Alwarafi,2 Jurjen Duintjer Tebbens,3,4 Helena Vankatova,1 Sandra Leal,5 Ales Antonin Kubena,1 Alena Smahelova,6 Jiri Vlcek1 1Department of Social and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Charles University in Prague, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic; 2Faculty of Dentistry, Ibb University, Ibb, Yemen; 3Department of Biophysics and Physical Chemics, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Charles University in Prague, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic; 4Institute of Computer Science, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic; 5Department of Clinical Pharmacy, El Rio Community Health Center, Tucson, AZ, USA; 6Diabetes Center, Department of Gerontology and Metabolism, University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, Charles University in Prague, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic Purpose: Diet and eating habits are of key importance in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM. The purpose of this comparative study was to analyze fat- and fiber-related behavior (FFB in patients with T2DM from distinct cultural areas. Patients and methods: Observational study was carried out in the Czech Republic (CR (n=200, the US (n=207, and Yemen (n=200. Patients completed the Fat- and Fiber-related Diet Behavior Questionnaire (FFBQ. Results: Differences in all aspects of FFB among countries were found (P<0.05. The best fat-related behavior reported was from patients from the CR. Patients from the US showed the worst fat-related behavior in total. On the other hand, patients from the US reported the best fiber-related behavior. Patients from Yemen reached the worst scores in all fat-related domains. Patients from all studied countries reported the best results in the “modify meat” and “avoid fat as flavoring” and the worst in the “substitute high fiber” subscales. Conclusion: Professionals involved in the diet education of T2DM patients

  20. Adherence in adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus correlates with treatment satisfaction but not with adverse events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendrychova T

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Tereza Hendrychova,1 Magda Vytrisalova,1 Alena Smahelova,2 Jiri Vlcek,1 Ales Antonin Kubena1 1Department of Social and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Charles University in Prague, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic; 2Diabetes Center, Department of Gerontology and Metabolism, University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, Charles University in Prague, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic Purpose: Diabetes self-care and self-monitoring adherence has a positive effect on the metabolic control of the disease. The aim of this study was to analyze the adherence to self-care recommendations and to identify its correlates in adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Patients and methods: One hundred and eleven patients with type 1 diabetes were enrolled in an observational cross-sectional study conducted at the Diabetes Center of the University Hospital in Hradec Králové, Czech Republic. Diabetes self-care adherence was measured by the Self Care Inventory-Revised, and treatment satisfaction by the Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire-status version. Additional data were collected from self-administered questionnaires and medical records. The Mann–Whitney test, Spearman correlations, and multiple linear regressions were used in the statistical analysis. Results: The mean age of patients was 42.4 years; 59.5% of them were females and 53.2% of all patients used an insulin pump. The mean glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c was 66.2 ± 15.3 mmol/mol and the mean insulin dosage was 0.6 ± 0.3 IU insulin/kg/day. The number of hypoglycemic episodes (including severe that patients had in the last month before taking the survey was 3.6 ± 3.2. Self-care adherence was associated with treatment satisfaction (0.495; P = 0.004 along with frequency of self-monitoring of before meal blood glucose (0.267; P = 0.003. It was not associated with the incidence of hypoglycemic events or any other insulin therapy-related problems

  1. Randomized clinical trial: pharmacokinetics and safety of multimatrix mesalamine for treatment of pediatric ulcerative colitis

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    Cuffari C

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Carmen Cuffari,1 David Pierce,2 Bartosz Korczowski,3 Krzysztof Fyderek,4 Heather Van Heusen,5 Stuart Hossack,6 Hong Wan,5 Alena YZ Edwards,7 Patrick Martin5 1Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; 2Shire, Basingstoke, UK; 3Medical College, University of Rzeszów, Rzeszów, Poland; 4University Children’s Hospital of Cracow, Cracow, Poland; 5Shire, Wayne, PA, USA; 6Covance Clinical Research Unit Limited, Leeds, UK; 7ICON Early Phase Services, Marlow, Buckinghamshire, UK Background: Limited data are available on mesalamine (5-aminosalicylic acid; 5-ASA use in pediatric ulcerative colitis (UC.Aim: To evaluate pharmacokinetic and safety profiles of 5-ASA and metabolite acetyl-5-ASA (Ac-5-ASA after once-daily, oral administration of multimatrix mesalamine to children and adolescents with UC.Methods: Participants (5–17 years of age; 18–82 kg, stratified by weight with UC received multimatrix mesalamine 30, 60, or 100 mg/kg/day once daily (to 4,800 mg/day for 7 days. Blood samples were collected pre-dose on days 5 and 6. On days 7 and 8, blood and urine samples were collected and safety was evaluated. 5-ASA and Ac-5-ASA plasma and urine concentrations were analyzed by non-compartmental methods and used to develop a population pharmacokinetic model.Results: Fifty-two subjects (21 [30 mg/kg]; 22 [60 mg/kg]; 9 [100 mg/kg] were randomized. On day 7, systemic exposures of 5-ASA and Ac-5-ASA exhibited a dose-proportional increase between 30 and 60 mg/kg/day cohorts. For 30, 60, and 100 mg/kg/day doses, mean percentages of 5-ASA absorbed were 29.4%, 27.0%, and 22.1%, respectively. Simulated steady-state exposures and variabilities for 5-ASA and Ac-5-ASA (coefficient of variation approximately 50% and 40%–45%, respectively were similar to those observed previously in adults at comparable doses. Treatment-emergent adverse events were

  2. An analysis of fat-related and fiber-related behavior in men and women with type 2 diabetes mellitus: key findings for clinical practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendrychova T

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Tereza Hendrychova,1 Magda Vytrisalova,1 Jiri Vlcek,1 Alena Smahelova,2 Ales Antonin Kubena1 1Department of Social and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Kralove, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic; 2Diabetology Centre, Department of Gerontology and Metabolism, University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Kralove, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic Background: Despite the efforts of health care providers, adherence of patients with type 2 diabetes to the recommended diet is poor. The aim of this study was to describe the eating habits with emphasis on fat and fiber-related behavior (FFB as well as the relationship between FFB behavior and parameters of diabetes control in men and women with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: The subjects in this observational cross-sectional study were 200 patients (54.5% male, mean age 66.2 ± 10.1 years, mean Diabetes Control and Complications Trial [DDCT] glycosylated hemoglobin [HbA1c] 7.6% ± 1.7% recruited from diabetes outpatient clinics in the Czech Republic. The subjects filled out the Fat- and Fiber-related Diet Behavior Questionnaire. The most recent patient data on diabetes control and drug therapy were derived from patient medical records. Results: Patients tend to modify the dishes they are used to, rather than remove them completely from their diet and replace them by other types of foods. It is easier to perform healthier fat-related behaviors than fiber-related ones. Women scored significantly better than men on the fat-related diet habits summary scale (P = 0.002, as well as on "modify meat" (P = 0.001 and "substitute specially manufactured low-fat foods" (P = 0.045 subscales. A better score on the fat-related diet habits summary scale was significantly associated with higher HbA1c (ρ = -0.248; P = 0.027 and higher waist circumference (ρ = -0.254; P = 0.024 in women. Conclusion: Type 2 diabetes patients are likely to vary in their FFB behavior, and

  3. Surveying alignment-free features for Ortholog detection in related yeast proteomes by using supervised big data classifiers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galpert, Deborah; Fernández, Alberto; Herrera, Francisco; Antunes, Agostinho; Molina-Ruiz, Reinaldo; Agüero-Chapin, Guillermin

    2018-05-03

    The development of new ortholog detection algorithms and the improvement of existing ones are of major importance in functional genomics. We have previously introduced a successful supervised pairwise ortholog classification approach implemented in a big data platform that considered several pairwise protein features and the low ortholog pair ratios found between two annotated proteomes (Galpert, D et al., BioMed Research International, 2015). The supervised models were built and tested using a Saccharomycete yeast benchmark dataset proposed by Salichos and Rokas (2011). Despite several pairwise protein features being combined in a supervised big data approach; they all, to some extent were alignment-based features and the proposed algorithms were evaluated on a unique test set. Here, we aim to evaluate the impact of alignment-free features on the performance of supervised models implemented in the Spark big data platform for pairwise ortholog detection in several related yeast proteomes. The Spark Random Forest and Decision Trees with oversampling and undersampling techniques, and built with only alignment-based similarity measures or combined with several alignment-free pairwise protein features showed the highest classification performance for ortholog detection in three yeast proteome pairs. Although such supervised approaches outperformed traditional methods, there were no significant differences between the exclusive use of alignment-based similarity measures and their combination with alignment-free features, even within the twilight zone of the studied proteomes. Just when alignment-based and alignment-free features were combined in Spark Decision Trees with imbalance management, a higher success rate (98.71%) within the twilight zone could be achieved for a yeast proteome pair that underwent a whole genome duplication. The feature selection study showed that alignment-based features were top-ranked for the best classifiers while the runners-up were

  4. Using climate information to understand the spatio-temporal heterogeneity of a chikungunya outbreak in the presence of widespread asymptomatic infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dommar, C. J.; Lowe, R.; Robinson, M.; Rodó, X.

    2013-12-01

    The emergence and persistence of human pathogens in the environment represents a constant threat to society, with global implications for human health, economies and ecosystems. Of particular concern are vector-borne diseases, such as dengue, malaria and chikungunya, which are increasing across their traditional ranges and continuing to infiltrate new regions. This unprecedented situation has been partly attributed to the increase in global temperatures in recent decades which has allowed non-native mosquito species to invade and successfully colonise previously inhospitable environments The spatio-temporal evolution of these diseases is determined by the interaction of the host and vector, which is strongly dependent on social structures and mobility patterns. In turn, vector populations are thought to be driven by external environmental variables, such as precipitation and temperature. Furthermore, the ability of asymptomatic individuals to successfully transmit the infection and evade control measures can undermine public health interventions. We employed a stochastic model, which explicitly included asymptomatic and undocumented laboratory confirmed cases, and applied it to a documented outbreak in Cambodia in 2012 (Trapeang Roka village, Kampong Speu Province). The resulting estimate of the reproduction number was considerably higher than values obtained for previous outbreaks and highlights the importance of asymptomatic transmission. Subsequently, we develop an agent-based model (ABM), in which each individual is explicitly represented and vector populations are linked to precipitation estimates in a tropical setting. The model is implemented on both scale-free and regular networks. The spatio-temporal transmission of chikungunya is analysed and the presence of asymptomatic silent spreaders within the population is investigated in the context of implementing travel restrictions during an outbreak. Preventing the movement of symptomatic individuals alone is

  5. Climate-driven mathematical models to understand the spatio-temporal heterogeneity of a chikungunya outbreak in the presence of widespread asymptomatic infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dommar, Carlos J.; Robinson, Marguerite; Lowe, Rachel; Conan, Anne; Buchy, Philippe; Tarantola, Arnaud; Rodó, Xavier

    2014-05-01

    The emergence and persistence of human pathogens in the environment represents a constant threat to society, with global implications for human health, economies and ecosystems. Of particular concern are vector-borne diseases, such as dengue, malaria and chikungunya, which are increasing across their traditional ranges and continuing to infiltrate new regions. This unprecedented situation has been partly attributed to the increase in global temperatures in recent decades which has allowed non-native mosquito species to invade and successfully colonise previously inhospitable environments. The spatio-temporal evolution of these diseases is determined by the interaction of the host and vector, which is strongly dependent on social structures and mobility patterns. In turn, vector populations are thought to be driven by external environmental variables, such as precipitation and temperature. Furthermore, the ability of asymptomatic individuals to successfully transmit the infection and evade control measures can undermine public health interventions. We employed a stochastic model, which explicitly included asymptomatic and undocumented laboratory confirmed cases, and applied it to a documented outbreak in Cambodia in 2012 (Trapeang Roka village, Kampong Speu Province). The resulting estimate of the reproduction number was considerably higher than values obtained for previous outbreaks and highlights the importance of asymptomatic transmission. Subsequently, we develop an agent-based model (ABM), in which each individual is explicitly represented and vector populations are linked to precipitation estimates in a tropical setting. The model is implemented on both scale-free and regular networks. The spatio-temporal transmission of chikungunya is analysed and the presence of asymptomatic silent spreaders within the population is investigated in the context of implementing travel restrictions during an outbreak. Preventing the movement of symptomatic individuals alone is

  6. IncobotulinumtoxinA in aesthetics: Russian multidisciplinary expert consensus recommendations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yutskovskaya Y

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Yana Yutskovskaya,1 Elena Gubanova,2 Irina Khrustaleva,3 Vasiliy Atamanov,4 Anastasiya Saybel,5 Elena Parsagashvili,6 Irina Dmitrieva,7 Elena Sanchez,8 Natalia Lapatina,9 Tatiana Korolkova,10 Alena Saromytskaya,11 Elena Goltsova,12 Elmira Satardinova13 1Department of Dermatovenereology and Cosmetology, Pacific State Medical University, Vladivostock, 2Department of Skin and Venereal Diseases, Postgraduate Medical Institute, Moscow National University of Food Production, Moscow, 3Department of Plastic Surgery, IP Pavlov Medical State University, St Petersburg, 4Department of Reconstructive and Plastic Surgery, SN Fedorova, Federal State Institution, Novosibirsk, 5Clinic Ideal, Laser Technologies Center, Moscow, 6Aestima-clinic, 7Clinic “Academy”, St Petersburg, 8Eklan Medical Center of Cosmetological Correction, 9Clinic of Aesthetic Medicine and Plastic Surgery, Moscow, 10Department of Cosmetology, II Mechnikov North-Western State Medical University, St Petersburg, 11Plastic Surgery Clinic, Center of Aesthetic Medicine and Beauty Cosmetology, 12“Neo-Clinic,” Tyumen, 13Botulinum Toxin Therapy Department, Diagnostic Center of the Irkutsk State Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Irkutsk, Russia Background: Although there are various international consensus recommendations on the use of botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A in facial aesthetics, there are no global or Russian guidelines on the optimal dose of incobotulinumtoxinA, free from complexing proteins, within specific aesthetic indications. This article reports the outcomes of two expert consensus meetings, conducted to review and analyze efficacy and tolerability data for incobotulinumtoxinA in various facial aesthetic indications and to give expert consensus recommendations to ensure best clinical practice among Russian clinicians. Methods: Thirteen dermatology and/or plastic surgery experts attended meetings held in Paris, France (November 2013, and Moscow, Russia (March 2014

  7. The 12th Edition of the Scientific Days of the National Institute for Infectious Diseases “Prof. Dr. Matei Bals” and the 12th National Infectious Diseases Conference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian-Mihail Niculae

    2016-11-01

    -Kezdi, Cristina Gîrbovan, Andrea Incze, Anca Meda Georgescu A54 LPS serum levels and correlation with immunological, virological and clinical outcome in HIV infected patients Simona Alexandra Iacob, Diana Gabriela Iacob, Eugenia Panaitescu, Monica Luminos, Manole Cojocaru A55 LL37 human cathelicidin serum levels are positively correlated with IFN gamma and alanine aminotransferase level in HCV infection Simona Alexandra Iacob, Diana Gabriela Iacob, Monica Luminos A56 Early diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in a non-compliant HIV/AIDS late presenter patient Vochita Laurențiu, Vochita Andreia, Opreanu Radu, Trinca Bogdan, Rosca Ovidiu, Marincu Iosif A57 Evolution of antiretroviral regimens in naϊve patients in 2016 Ramona Zamfir, Alina Angelescu, Alena Andreea Popa, Raluca Jipa, Ruxandra Moroti, Adriana Hristea, Liana Gavriliu, Șerban Benea, Elisabeta Benea A58 The unfavorable risk factors for HIV infected persons with positive blood cultures hospitalized at the National Institute for Infectious Diseases “Prof. Dr. Matei Balș” in 2015 Alena-Andreea Popa, Georgeta Ducu, Daniela Camburu, Alina Cozma, Manuela Podani, Roxana Dumitriu, Liana Gavriliu, Șerban Benea, Elisabeta Benea A59 Epidemiological aspects of HIV infection in Oltenia region Andreea Cristina Stoian, Florentina Dumitrescu, Augustin Cupșa, Lucian Giubelan, Irina Niculescu, Loredana Ionescu, Livia Dragonu A60 HIV risk behaviors and prevalence among patients in methadone maintenance therapy (MMT from Arena center, Bucharest Adrian Octavian Abagiu, Loredana Nicoleta Stoica, Catrinel Blaga, Archontis Koulosousas, Roxana Ștefănescu, Alice Atomoaie, Florentina Paraschiv, Florin Matache Duna A61 Therapeutic options in a case of severe psoriasis associated with both HIV infection and hepatitis C virus previously treated with fumaric acid esters Rodica Olteanu, Roxana Ion, Alexandra Zota, Isra Ennour Jaballah, Lara Mahfoud, Georgeta Preda, Magda Constantin A62 Prevalence of autoantibodies against gangliosides in