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Sample records for revenue management problem

  1. Cargo Revenue Management: Bid-Prices for a 0-1 Multi Knapsack Problem

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Pak; R. Dekker (Rommert)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractRevenue management is the practice of selecting those customers that generate the maximum revenue from a fixed and perishable capacity. Cargo revenue management differs from the well-known passenger revenue management problem by the fact that its capacity constraint is 2-dimensional, i.e

  2. Cargo Revenue Management: Bid-Prices for a 0-1 Multi Knapsack Problem

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Pak; R. Dekker (Rommert)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractRevenue management is the practice of selecting those customers that generate the maximum revenue from a fixed and perishable capacity. Cargo revenue management differs from the well-known passenger revenue management problem by the fact that its capacity constraint is 2-dimensional,

  3. airline revenue management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Pak; N. Piersma (Nanda)

    2002-01-01

    textabstractWith the increasing interest in decision support systems and the continuous advance of computer science, revenue management is a discipline which has received a great deal of interest in recent years. Although revenue management has seen many new applications throughout the years, the ma

  4. airline revenue management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Pak; N. Piersma (Nanda)

    2002-01-01

    textabstractWith the increasing interest in decision support systems and the continuous advance of computer science, revenue management is a discipline which has received a great deal of interest in recent years. Although revenue management has seen many new applications throughout the years, the

  5. The Scatter Search Based Algorithm to Revenue Management Problem in Broadcasting Companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pishdad, Arezoo; Sharifyazdi, Mehdi; Karimpour, Reza

    2009-09-01

    The problem under question in this paper which is faced by broadcasting companies is how to benefit from a limited advertising space. This problem is due to the stochastic behavior of customers (advertiser) in different fare classes. To address this issue we propose a mathematical constrained nonlinear multi period model which incorporates cancellation and overbooking. The objective function is to maximize the total expected revenue and our numerical method performs it by determining the sales limits for each class of customer to present the revenue management control policy. Scheduling the advertising spots in breaks is another area of concern and we consider it as a constraint in our model. In this paper an algorithm based on Scatter search is developed to acquire a good feasible solution. This method uses simulation over customer arrival and in a continuous finite time horizon [0, T]. Several sensitivity analyses are conducted in computational result for depicting the effectiveness of proposed method. It also provides insight into better results of considering revenue management (control policy) compared to "no sales limit" policy in which sooner demand will served first.

  6. Revenue cycle management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manley, Ray; Satiani, Bhagwan

    2009-11-01

    With the widening gap between overhead expenses and reimbursement, management of the revenue cycle is a critical part of a successful vascular surgery practice. It is important to review the data on all the components of the revenue cycle: payer contracting, appointment scheduling, preregistration, registration process, coding and capturing charges, proper billing of patients and insurers, follow-up of accounts receivable, and finally using appropriate benchmarking. The industry benchmarks used should be those of peers in identical groups. Warning signs of poor performance are discussed enabling the practice to formulate a performance improvement plan.

  7. Revisiting revenue management for remanufactured products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Jonas C. P.; Wee, H.-M.; Su, G. B.

    2013-11-01

    The purpose of revenue management for remanufactured products is to maximise the expected revenue for remanufactured products. Most researchers in revenue management focus on analysing the sensitivity of the expected revenue to price, availability and disposal cost. In this note, we apply the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions with maximum price constraints, and demonstrate that the optimal prices for the non-linear problem fall within the feasible region when constraints are imposed. A numerical example is given to illustrate the proposed study.

  8. Transforming revenue management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silveria, Richard; Alliegro, Debra; Nudd, Steven

    2008-11-01

    Healthcare organizations that want to undertake a patient administrative/revenue management transformation should: Define the vision with underlying business objectives and key performance measures. Strategically partner with key vendors for business process development and technology design. Create a program organization and governance infrastructure. Develop a corporate design model that defines the standards for operationalizing the vision. Execute the vision through technology deployment and corporate design model implementation.

  9. Revenue cycle management: part I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crew, Matt

    2006-01-01

    The revenue cycle starts long before a patient is seen and continues until a claim is completely resolved. Each step in the revenue cycle must be clearly defined and easy to follow. Use of various tools such as templates, forms, reports, spreadsheets, and components of your practice management system will help to provide the consistency you need for profitable revenue cycle management.

  10. Revenue models in managed competition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mischler, N E

    1993-01-01

    As physicians and medical centers move into a changing reimbursement era, it is valuable for physician executives to have tools to help physicians understand the relationships among costs, revenues, and utilization. These relationships differ within the fee-for-service, prepaid, and managed fee-for-service revenue models. This article describes these different revenue models and highlights the benefits and issues associated with each model.

  11. Towards sustainable oil revenue management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Challenges to oil revenue management in existing and emerging African oil economies are examined, with a special emphasis on countries in UNDP's Central and Eastern Africa (CEA) Region. It is part of the first phase of UNDP/CEA's Oil Revenue Initiative (ml)

  12. Close the Gaps: A Learning-while-Doing Algorithm for a Class of Single-Product Revenue Management Problems

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Zizhuo; Ye, Yinyu

    2011-01-01

    We present a dynamic learning algorithm for a class of single-product revenue management problems. In these problems, a retailer sells a single product with limited on-hand inventory over a finite selling season. Customer demand arrives according to a Poisson process, the rate of which is influenced by a single action taken by the retailer (such as price adjustment, sales commission, advertisement intensity, etc.). The relation between the action and the demand rate is not known in advance. The retailer will learn the optimal action policy "on the fly" as she maximizes her total expected revenue based on observed demand reactions. Using the pricing problem as an example, we propose a dynamic "learning-while-doing" algorithm to achieve a near optimal performance. Furthermore, we prove that the convergence rate of our algorithm is almost the fastest among all possible algorithms in terms of asymptotic "regret" (the relative loss comparing to the full information optimal solution). Our result closes the performa...

  13. Revenue cycle management, Part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crew, Matt

    2007-01-01

    The proper management of your revenue cycle requires the application of "best practices" and the continual monitoring and measuring of the entire cycle. The correct technology will enable you to gain the insight and efficiencies needed in the ever-changing healthcare economy. The revenue cycle is a process that begins when you negotiate payor contracts, set fees, and schedule appointments and continues until claims are paid in full. Every single step in the cycle carries equal importance. Monitoring all phases and a commitment to continually communicating the results will allow you to achieve unparalleled success. In part I of this article, we explored the importance of contracting, scheduling, and case management as well as coding and clinical documentation. We will now take a closer look at the benefits charge capture, claim submission, payment posting, accounts receivable follow-up, and reporting can mean to your practice.

  14. The next generation of revenue cycle management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammer, David C

    2007-07-01

    The revenue cycle management environment is dynamic. Revenue cycle leaders are now responsible for additional functional areas and have to deal with new financing arrangements that expose the organization to greater financial risk. Financial managers can use key performance indicators and the suggested practice processes checklist to determine whether their revenue cycle operations are in good shape or need shaping up.

  15. Revenue Management approach to car rental business : Revenue Management guide for Helkama Rent Ltd

    OpenAIRE

    Rantanen, Aimo

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this product-oriented thesis is to study revenue management as a business practise and and create a Revenue Management guide for the assigning company Helkama Rent Ltd car rental. The guide is supposed to give ideas and a structure for Revenue Management in Helkama Rent Ltd. Helkama Rent Ltd has been struggling with the profitability issues recently. Revenue Management guide will help Helkama Rent to obtain Revenue Management philosophy, and give ideas and tools for more effici...

  16. Complexities in transplant revenue management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, Barry; Swearingen, Justin P

    2007-06-01

    Numerous payment methodologies, contract types, and income reimbursement methods exist in the highly complex environment of transplantation. A fundamental understanding of the transplant environment and the various compensation schemes involved with transplant revenue management is necessary to stay viable in such a complicated system. Knowledge of resources such as Medicare, commercial insurance, Medicaid, and self-pay individuals will allow a program to fully optimize allowable revenue streams. This multiple payer mix can be challenging, with payment arrangements ranging from a single global case rate that must cover all transplant-related services to individual payment arrangements for each stage of the transplantation process. Transplant programs must track each agreement to ensure optimal payment, and must therefore become proficient with central fiscal operations such as Medicare cost reporting and managed care contract negotiations. Outlier protection and risk pool strategies can also be used to remain competitive and profitable. A transplant program must have a thorough understanding of all available payment schemes and reimbursement optimizing strategies to facilitate the realization of a strong financial outlook.

  17. Revenue management system for the hospitality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalinka Pavlova

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to describe the essence of the revenue management system, applicable for entities in the hospitality industry, as a multidisciplinary concept, that draws its features from a variety of established academic areas, by consistently clarifying its intrinsic elements. This paper is intended to examine the revenue-management related theory, in regards with its generation and evolution, essence, as well as characteristics of service industries applying revenue management. The revenue management elements, related with economics, marketing, strategic management, information technology and finance, are summarized and described.

  18. Uncertain Programming for Network Revenue Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deyi Mou

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The mathematical model for airline network seat inventory control problem is usually investigated to maximize the total revenue under some constraints such as capacities and demands. This paper presents a chance-constrained programming model based on the uncertainty theory for network revenue management, in which the fares and the demands are both uncertain variables rather than random variables. The uncertain programming model can be transformed into a deterministic form by taking expected value on objective function and confidence level on the constraint functions. Based on the strategy of nested booking limits, a solution method of booking control is developed to solve the problem. Finally, this paper gives a numerical example to show that the method is practical and efficient.

  19. Revenue management system for the hospitality

    OpenAIRE

    Kalinka Pavlova

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to describe the essence of the revenue management system, applicable for entities in the hospitality industry, as a multidisciplinary concept, that draws its features from a variety of established academic areas, by consistently clarifying its intrinsic elements. This paper is intended to examine the revenue-management related theory, in regards with its generation and evolution, essence, as well as characteristics of service industries applying revenue management...

  20. Problems of Revenue Generation in Local Government ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    2013-07-07

    Jul 7, 2013 ... financial problems hindering local governments in Nigeria, most especially .... Borrowing from State Government and financial institutions. f. Local government share of value added tax (VAT). .... Thus, tax evasion ... factors responsible for Local Government poor revenue .... 3 Issue 3 P.54 on internet. Orewa ...

  1. The dynamic model of enterprise revenue management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitsel, A. A.; Kataev, M. Yu; Kozlov, S. V.; Korepanov, K. V.

    2017-01-01

    The article presents the dynamic model of enterprise revenue management. This model is based on the quadratic criterion and linear control law. The model is founded on multiple regression that links revenues with the financial performance of the enterprise. As a result, optimal management is obtained so as to provide the given enterprise revenue, namely, the values of financial indicators that ensure the planned profit of the organization are acquired.

  2. Airline Revenue Management with Shifting Capacity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Pak; R. Dekker (Rommert); G.A.P. Kindervater (Gerard)

    2003-01-01

    textabstractAirline revenue management is the practice of controlling the booking requests such that the planes are filled with the most profitable passengers. In revenue management the capacities of the business and economy class sections of the plane are traditionally considered to be fixed and di

  3. Airline Revenue Management with Shifting Capacity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Pak; R. Dekker (Rommert); G.A.P. Kindervater (Gerard)

    2003-01-01

    textabstractAirline revenue management is the practice of controlling the booking requests such that the planes are filled with the most profitable passengers. In revenue management the capacities of the business and economy class sections of the plane are traditionally considered to be fixed and

  4. Relationship or revenue: potential management conflicts between customer relationship management and hotel revenue management

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Xuan Lorna

    2012-01-01

    The concepts of customer relationship management (CRM) and revenue management (RevM) have been embraced by managers in the hospitality industry although, in practice, companies may find it difficult to accommodate both fully. This paper examines the compatibility between the two practices and discusses the possible management conflicts that occur from both account managers’ and revenue managers’ viewpoints. Findings gathered from an international hotel company reveal several causes of potenti...

  5. Tuition Discounting for Revenue Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillman, Nicholas W.

    2012-01-01

    Over the past decade, institutionally-funded financial aid (or "tuition discounts") have been the fastest-growing item within most public four-year college and university operating budgets. One explanation for this trend is due to the changing structure of public colleges' revenue streams, as tuition and fees have replaced state appropriations as…

  6. Tuition Discounting for Revenue Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillman, Nicholas W.

    2012-01-01

    Over the past decade, institutionally-funded financial aid (or "tuition discounts") have been the fastest-growing item within most public four-year college and university operating budgets. One explanation for this trend is due to the changing structure of public colleges' revenue streams, as tuition and fees have replaced state appropriations as…

  7. Automating claims management improves revenue cycle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nivison, Matthew

    2008-02-01

    One healthcare organization was able to improve revenue cycle operations by automating its claims management. Using web-based technology enabled the organization to streamline internal workflow processes, redeploy staff, and reduce overhead costs. As a result, cash flow increased 7 percent, and A/R days dropped 16 percent.

  8. Revenue Management: New Features and Models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Pak

    2005-01-01

    textabstractKevin Pak (1977) obtained his Master’s degree in Econometrics and Operations Research from the Erasmus University Rotterdam in 2000. In the same year he joined ERIM in order to carry out his doctoral research on the subject of revenue management. Throughout the years his work has been pu

  9. Teaching Revenue Management at the Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Anderson, Chris K; Kimes, Sherri; Carroll, Bill

    2009-01-01

    ...) and currently offers five courses related to revenue management: Yield Management, Restaurant Revenue Management, Managing Hospitality Distribution Strategies, Hospitality Pricing and Analysis, and Nontraditional Revenue Management...

  10. On bid-price controls for network revenue management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bariş Ata

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available We consider a network revenue management problem and advance its dual formulation. The dual formulation reveals that the (optimal shadow price of capacity forms a nonnegative martingale. This result is proved under minimal assumptions on network topology and stochastic nature of demand, allowing an arbitrary statistical dependence structure across time and products. Next, we consider a quadratic perturbation of the network revenue management problem and show that a simple (perturbed bid-price control is optimal for the perturbed problem; and it is ε-optimal for the original network revenue management problem. Finally, we consider a predictable version of this control, where the bid prices used in the current period are last updated in the previous period, and provide an upper bound on its optimality gap in terms of the (quadratic variation of demand. Using this upper bound we show that there exists a near-optimal such control in the usual case when periods are small compared to the planning horizon provided that either demand or the incremental information arriving during each period is small. We establish the martingale property of the (near optimal bid prices in both settings. The martingale property can have important implications in practice as it may offer a tool for monitoring the revenue management systems.

  11. The Newsvendor Problem with Advertising Revenue

    OpenAIRE

    Zhengping Wu; Wanshan Zhu; Pascale Crama

    2011-01-01

    We study a modified newsvendor model in which the newsvendor obtains a revenue from sales to end users as well as from an advertiser paying to obtain access to those end users. We study the optimal decisions for both a price-taking and a price-setting newsvendor when the advertiser has private information about its willingness to pay for advertisements. We find that the newsvendor's optimal policy excludes advertisers with low willingness to pay and distorts the price and quantity from its sy...

  12. Revenue Management under Customer Choice Behaviour with Cancellations and Overbooking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.D. Sierag (Dirk); G.M. Koole (Ger); R.D. van der Mei (Rob); JP.I. van der Rest (Jean-Pierre); A.P. Zwart (Bert)

    2015-01-01

    htmlabstractRevenue management is the practice of pricing perishable goods to optimise revenue. A realistic revenue management model allows overbooking and incorporates customer buying behaviour and cancellations. The latter is motivated by our research using real data, which shows that for a hotel

  13. Revenue Management under Customer Choice Behaviour with Cancellations and Overbooking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sierag, D.D.; Koole, G.M.; Mei, R.D. van der; Rest, J.J. van der; Zwart, A.P.

    2015-01-01

    Revenue management is the practice of pricing perishable goods to optimise revenue. A realistic revenue management model allows overbooking and incorporates customer buying behaviour and cancellations. The latter is motivated by our research using real data, which shows that for a hotel a large prop

  14. 高校税收管理存在的问题及对策研究%Study on Existing Problems and Countermeasure of Revenue Management of Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章国标

    2012-01-01

    As a subject of tax payment, there are still some problems in revenue management in college for a long time. Corresponding measures are proposed by analyzing the problems, so as to reduce risks of college tax and raise the financial management level.%高校作为一个纳税主体,长期以来在税收管理方面存在一些问题.通过对存在问题的剖析,提出相应的对策,从而降低高校税务风险,提高财务管理水平.

  15. Cash Management, Revenue Sources and Cost Effective Methods of Revenue Collection at Local Government Level

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustapha Gimba Kumshe

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this paper was to focus on the elements, objectives, goals and importance of cash management; and also to examine the sources of revenue and cost effective collections for local governments. The elements of cash management are identified as establishing bank relations, preparing cash flow statements, estimating collection receipts and analyzing cash flow and preparing a budget. Amongst the objectives of cash management is to ensure availability of cash resources at all times for efficient and unconstrained implementation of the annual budget. The primary goals of a good cash management system are to maintain adequate cash at hand to meet the daily cash requirements of the local government while maximizing the amount available for investment and to obtain the maximum earnings on invested funds while ensuring their safety. The local governments obtain their revenue through internal and external sources, the external sources of revenue includes federal statutory allocations and loans obtained from financial institutions and other agencies; while among the internal sources are revenue from market fees, fees collected from motor parks, street hawking fees, shop fees and other miscellaneous sources. Some of the cost effective methods of revenue collections are contracting out of revenue collections to private collection agency, designating collection points for convenience, application of e-collection method where the local governments device a means of allowing tax payers to pay their taxes online. It is recommended that proper management of funds, efficient accounting and auditing system is necessary for proper cash management.

  16. Effective hospital revenue cycle management: is there a trade-off between the amount of patient revenue and the speed of revenue collection?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rauscher, Simone; Wheeler, John R C

    2008-01-01

    Effective hospital revenue cycle management practices have gained in importance in today's hospital business environment, in which many hospitals are confronted with stricter regulations and billing requirements, more thorough preauthorization and precertification, underpayments, and greater delays in payments. In this article, we provide a brief description of current hospital revenue cycle management practices. Next, we suggest measures of the financial benefits of revenue cycle management in terms of increases in the amount and speed of patient revenue collection. We consider whether there is a trade-off between the amount of patient revenue a hospital earns and the speed with which revenue is collected. Using financial statement data from California hospitals for 2004 to 2006, we test empirically the relationships among key financial measures of effective hospital revenue cycle management. We find that hospitals with higher speeds of revenue collection tend to record higher amounts of net patient revenue per adjusted discharge, lower contractual allowances, and lower bad debts. Charity care provision, on the other hand, tends to be higher among hospitals with higher speeds of revenue collection. We conclude that there is no evidence of a trade-off between the amount of patient revenue and the speed of revenue collection but that these financial benefits of effective hospital revenue cycle management often go hand in hand. We thus provide early indication that these outcomes are complementary, suggesting that effective hospital revenue cycle management achieves multiple positive results.

  17. EHR's effect on the revenue cycle management Coding function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giannangelo, Kathy; Fenton, Susan

    2008-01-01

    Without administrative terminologies there is no revenue to manage. The use of healthcare IT to capture the codes for administrative and financial support functions will impact the revenue cycle and the management of it. This is presumed to occur because clinical data coded at the point of care becomes the source for claims data. Thus, as electronic health record system applications utilizing terminologies are implemented, healthcare providers need to systematically consider the effect on the coding function and management of the revenue cycle. A key factor is the sequence of events changes, i.e., instead of a health information management professional selecting billing codes at the conclusion of an encounter based on the review of the record, clinical data generates the claims data via mapping. Efficiencies and management challenges result.

  18. Managing OR revenue under new payment models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Jeffry A; Young, David; White, John; Mahal-van Brenk, Cindy

    2013-04-01

    Five elements have helped Advocate Lutheran General Hospital control the surgical quality, safety, and cost outcomes that are the focus of new payment models: Single-path scheduling, Document management, Presurgical testing, A daily huddle, Surgical safety initiative.

  19. Revenue Management and Demand Fulfillment: Matching Applications, Models, and Software

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Quante (Rainer); H. Meyr (Herbert); M. Fleischmann (Moritz)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractRecent years have seen great successes of revenue management, notably in the airline, hotel, and car rental business. Currently, an increasing number of industries, including manufacturers and retailers, are exploring ways to adopt similar concepts. Software companies are taking an

  20. Revenue Management and Demand Fulfillment: Matching Applications, Models, and Software

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Quante (Rainer); H. Meyr (Herbert); M. Fleischmann (Moritz)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractRecent years have seen great successes of revenue management, notably in the airline, hotel, and car rental business. Currently, an increasing number of industries, including manufacturers and retailers, are exploring ways to adopt similar concepts. Software companies are taking an activ

  1. Revenue Management and Demand Fulfillment: Matching Applications, Models, and Software

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Quante (Rainer); H. Meyr (Herbert); M. Fleischmann (Moritz)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractRecent years have seen great successes of revenue management, notably in the airline, hotel, and car rental business. Currently, an increasing number of industries, including manufacturers and retailers, are exploring ways to adopt similar concepts. Software companies are taking an activ

  2. Scheduling, revenue management, and fairness in an academic-hospital radiology division.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baum, Richard; Bertsimas, Dimitris; Kallus, Nathan

    2014-10-01

    Physician staff of academic hospitals today practice in several geographic locations including their main hospital. This is referred to as the extended campus. With extended campuses expanding, the growing complexity of a single division's schedule means that a naive approach to scheduling compromises revenue. Moreover, it may provide an unfair allocation of individual revenue, desirable or burdensome assignments, and the extent to which the preferences of each individual are met. This has adverse consequences on incentivization and employee satisfaction and is simply against business policy. We identify the daily scheduling of physicians in this context as an operational problem that incorporates scheduling, revenue management, and fairness. Noting previous success of operations research and optimization in each of these disciplines, we propose a simple unified optimization formulation of this scheduling problem using mixed-integer optimization. Through a study of implementing the approach at the Division of Angiography and Interventional Radiology at the Brigham and Women's Hospital, which is directed by one of the authors, we exemplify the flexibility of the model to adapt to specific applications, the tractability of solving the model in practical settings, and the significant impact of the approach, most notably in increasing revenue by 8.2% over previous operating revenue while adhering strictly to a codified fairness and objectivity. We found that the investment in implementing such a system is far outweighed by the large potential revenue increase and the other benefits outlined. Copyright © 2014 AUR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. 30 CFR 201.100 - Responsibilities of the Associate Director for Minerals Revenue Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Minerals Revenue Management. 201.100 Section 201.100 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT GENERAL Oil and Gas, Onshore § 201.100 Responsibilities of the Associate Director for Minerals Revenue Management. The Associate Director is...

  4. Mastering revenue cycle management: two strategies for tightening up the revenue stream.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degaspari, John

    2011-05-01

    Having a good understanding of the billing process, whether through internal workflow audits or employing a software solution to make sure a hospital is being reimbursed for every service it provides, is crucial to maximizing revenue streams.

  5. Revenue Submodularity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dughmi, Shaddin; Roughgarden, Tim; Sundararajan, Mukund

    We introduce revenue submodularity, the property that market expansion has diminishing returns on an auction’s expected revenue. We prove that revenue submodularity is generally possible only in matroid markets, that Bayesian-optimal auctions are always revenue-submodular in such markets, and that the VCG mechanism is revenue-submodular in matroid markets with IID bidders and “sufficient competition”. We also give two applications of revenue submodularity: good approximation algorithms for novel market expansion problems, and approximate revenue guarantees for the VCG mechanism with IID bidders.

  6. Dynamic Pricing for Airline Revenue Management under Passenger Mental Accounting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusheng Hu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Mental accounting is a far-reaching concept, which is often used to explain various kinds of irrational behaviors in human decision making process. This paper investigates dynamic pricing problems for single-flight and multiple flights settings, respectively, where passengers may be affected by mental accounting. We analyze dynamic pricing problems by means of the dynamic programming method and obtain the optimal pricing strategies. Further, we analytically show that the passenger mental accounting depth has a positive effect on the flight’s expected revenue for the single flight and numerically illustrate that the passenger mental accounting depth has a positive effect on the optimal prices for the multiple flights.

  7. Prioritization of Revenue Management Factors:A Synthetic Extent Analysis Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Mehmet Emre GULER

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This paper presents a novel approach for revealing the success factors of revenue management practices in hospitality industry. Our study aims to point out the favorably contributing ‘ingredients’ of a successful revenue management application. We investigate what revenue managers have learned from their past experience by using real empirical data and fuzzy synthetic evaluation procedure. Researchers and practitioners may regard this work as a functional benchmark analyzing a functi...

  8. Revenue Management Performance Drivers: An Empirical Analysis at Four Points by Sheraton

    OpenAIRE

    Shroff, Avinash

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this management project is to analyse the current and future scenario of the revenue streams of the Four Points hotel Mumbai in India. Revenue Management (RM) is an important tool for matching supply and demand by segmenting customers into different segments based on their willingness-to-pay and allocating scarce capacity to the different segments in a way that maximizes firm revenues. The benefits of RM are well accepted in the hospitality industry, and the technical aspects o...

  9. Hasilpedia: Transforming knowledge management at Inland Revenue Board of Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Intan Soraya Rosdi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a working example of how technology plays an important role in knowledge management for the Malaysia’s federal tax collection agency, Inland Revenue Board of Malaysia (IRBM. The IRBM had successfully gone through a five year organizational transformation process that had resulted in significant performance improvements duly recognized by the Malaysian government. Led by its visionary Chief Executive Officer (CEO, various initiatives had been implemented, including those which placed technology as a key driver in its operations. The focus of this paper is on the organization’s ‘knowledge base’ system, or the ‘k-base’. A computerized database for internal use, the k-base was developed in-house and currently managed by IRBM’s Information Technology Department. Originally created to support information sharing among the organization’s auditors, the k-base today features a myriad of information and is accessible by all employees. This paper will trace the journey of the k-base from its original version to being IRBM’s prized possession today as well as the organization’s plans for its future.

  10. 5 KPIs that require revenue cycle managers' attention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saharia, Devendra

    2014-09-01

    Revenue cycle leaders can gain the clearest insight into their organizations' revenue cycle performance by focusing in particular on five key performance indicators: Cash ratio. Medicare-billed accounts receivable (A/R) over 30 days as a percentage of total Medicare A/R. Third-party aging over 90 days. Bad debt expense. Customer experience.

  11. Airline revenue management: an overview of OR techniques 1982-2001

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Pak; N. Piersma (Nanda)

    2002-01-01

    textabstractWith the increasing interest in decision support systems and the continuous advance of computer science, revenue management is a discipline which has received a great deal of interest in recent years. Although revenue management has seen many new applications throughout the years, the

  12. Airline revenue management: an overview of OR techniques 1982-2001

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Pak; N. Piersma (Nanda)

    2002-01-01

    textabstractWith the increasing interest in decision support systems and the continuous advance of computer science, revenue management is a discipline which has received a great deal of interest in recent years. Although revenue management has seen many new applications throughout the years, the

  13. Demand Management Opportunities in E-fulfillment: What Internet Retailers Can Learn from Revenue Management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N.A.H. Agatz (Niels); A. Campbell; M. Fleischmann (Moritz); J.A.E.E. van Nunen (Jo); M.W.P. Savelsbergh (Martin)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractIn this paper, we explain how Internet retailers can learn from proven revenue management concepts and use them to reduce costs and enhance service. We focus on attended deliveries as these provide the greatest opportunities and challenges. The key driver is service differentiation. Reve

  14. Demand Management Opportunities in E-fulfillment: What Internet Retailers Can Learn from Revenue Management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N.A.H. Agatz (Niels); A.M. Campbell (Ann Melissa); M. Fleischmann (Moritz); J.A.E.E. van Nunen (Jo); M.W.P. Savelsbergh (Martin)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractIn this paper, we explain how Internet retailers can learn from proven revenue management concepts and use them to reduce costs and enhance service. We focus on attended deliveries as these provide the greatest opportunities and challenges. The key driver is service differentiation.

  15. Stochastic programming for multiple-leg network revenue management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.V. de Boer (Sanne); R. Freling (Richard); N. Piersma (Nanda)

    1999-01-01

    textabstractAirline seat inventory control is a very profitable tool in the airline industry. Mathematical programming models provide booking limits or bid-prices for all itineraries and fare classes based on demand forecasts. But the actual revenue generated in the booking process fails to meet exp

  16. Stochastic programming for multiple-leg network revenue management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.V. de Boer (Sanne); R. Freling (Richard); N. Piersma (Nanda)

    1999-01-01

    textabstractAirline seat inventory control is a very profitable tool in the airline industry. Mathematical programming models provide booking limits or bid-prices for all itineraries and fare classes based on demand forecasts. But the actual revenue generated in the booking process fails to meet

  17. On the Origin-Destination Demands Linear Programming Model for Network Revenue Management with Customer Choice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feng Liu

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we research the problem of network revenue management with customer choice based on the Origin-Destination (O-D demands. By dividing customers into different segments according to O-D pairs, we consider a network capacity control problem where each customer chooses the open product within the segment he belongs to. Starting with a Markov Decision Process (MDP formulation, we approximate the value function with an affine function of the state vector. The affine function approximation results in a new Linear Program (LP which yields tighter bounds than the Choice-based Deterministic Linear Program (CDLP. We give a column generation procedure for solving the LP within a desired optimality tolerance and present numerical results which show the policy perform from our solution approach can outperform that from the CDLP.

  18. Revenue management education (RevME), 30 April-2 May 2015, University of Delaware, USA

    OpenAIRE

    Koupriouchina, Larissa; van der Rest, Jean-Pierre; Wang, Xuan Lorna

    2015-01-01

    On 30 April–2 May, 2015, an inaugural Revenue Management Education Workshop on teaching Revenue Management (RM) was held at the University of Delaware. Made possible through generous support from Hyatt, the initiative was launched by Prof. Dr. Zvi Schwartz in order to facilitate a dialog among a selected group of hospitality RM educators and key industry players including: major international hotel chains, RM related technology and service providers and leading hospitality educators from worl...

  19. Revenue management for foodstuff production to secure domestic supply in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hisyam, Ibnu

    2017-06-01

    This paper describes the application of revenue management in government services to ensure sufficient domestic supply of food in Indonesia. The use of this approach means that the government runs a specific effort to radically be able to solve the core problem. The resources for domestic food production are owned by more than 26 million families of farmers and more than 4 thousands agricultural companies. To achieve the expected quantity of foodstuff supplies, a special effort needs to take into account the profit for producers in allocating the resources at an appropriate level. With revenue management, the price of foodstuff to ensure adequate domestic supply to a certain level of productivity can be known. In this context, the price may be reduced if there is an increase in productivity. For this purpose, the supply curve and the demand-supply equilibrium of foodstuff have been modeled and specific government programs to increase productivity were formulated. One important finding here is that the macroeconomic policy of the government can be integrated to a microeconomic policy of foodstuff producers for one or more certain objectives.

  20. Hospital revenue cycle management and payer mix: do Medicare and Medicaid undermine hospitals' ability to generate and collect patient care revenue?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rauscher, Simone; Wheeler, John R C

    2010-01-01

    The continuing efforts of government payers to contain hospital costs have raised concerns among hospital managers that serving publicly insured patients may undermine their ability to manage the revenue cycle successfully. This study uses financial information from two sources-Medicare cost reports for all US hospitals for 2002 to 2007 and audited financial statements for all bond-issuing, not-for-profit hospitals for 2000 to 2006 to examine the relationship between hospitals' shares of Medicare and Medicaid patients and the amount of patient care revenue they generate as well as the speed with which they collect their revenue. Hospital-level fixed effects regression analysis finds that hospitals with higher Medicare and Medicaid payer mix collect somewhat higher average patient care revenues than hospitals with more privately insured and self-pay patients. Hospitals with more Medicare patients also collect on this revenue faster; serving more Medicaid patients is not associated with the speed of patient revenue collection. For hospital managers, these findings may represent good news. They suggest that, despite increases in the number of publicly insured patients served, managers have frequently been able to generate adequate amounts of patient revenue and collect it in a timely fashion.

  1. Revenue cycle optimization in health care institutions. A conceptual framework for change management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mugdh, Mrinal; Pilla, Satya

    2012-01-01

    Health care providers in the United States are constantly faced with the enormous challenge of optimizing their revenue cycle to improve their overall financial performance. These challenges keep evolving in both scope and complexity owing to a host of internal and external factors. Furthermore, given the lack of control that health care providers have over external factors, any attempt to successfully optimize the revenue cycle hinges on several critical improvements aimed at realigning the internal factors. This study provides an integrated change management model that aims to reengineer and realign the people-process-technology framework by using the principles of lean and Six Sigma for revenue cycle optimization.

  2. Transparency and Accountability in the Management of Oil Revenues in Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ransford Edward Van Gyampo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper undertakes a five-year review of the management of oil revenues in Ghana since the commencement of oil production in 2010. Using reports from the Petroleum Transparency and Accountability Index, official records from key state agencies, and interviews with core individuals within the petroleum sector, the paper assesses the quality of transparency and accountability in the management of Ghana’s oil revenue. It argues that even though some progress has been made in the transparent and accountable use of oil revenues, more can be achieved if certain critical bills are passed and proactive interventions pursued without further delay on the part of government and policymakers within Ghana’s petroleum sector. These would help prevent both potential social conflict that may result from a lack of information on how oil revenues are utilised and the corrupt use of oil funds by politicians and people in authority within the oil industry.

  3. Market Response toward Accrual Earnings Management, Real Transactions, and Strategic Revenue Recognition - Earnings Management1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Windy Puspita Dewi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates how the capital market response to a variety of earnings management tools i.e., accrual-based earnings management, real transaction activities, and strategic revenue recognition. We measure the market response to the information content of earnings by the earnings response coefficient (ERC. By using pooled-OLS regression from 748 firm-years data of public listed companies on the Indonesian Stock Exchange (IDX in 2004-2009, we find some evidence of a negative association between earnings response coefficients and information content of earnings that contained earnings management. Our study find that real transactions earnings management in operating activities has negative association with earnings response coefficient, but we do not find any evidence from the other earnings management tools. The findings of this study imply that the market participants are able to capture a certain kind of earnings management behaviour that may reduce the earnings response coefficient.

  4. Management of Oil Revenues: Has That of Azerbaijan Been Prudent?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarvar Gurbanov

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available To help explain the common failure of oil or other natural resource exporting countries to diversify into industry, it has been common to trace this failure to real exchange rate appreciation. This has also been done in Azerbaijan. However, because Azerbaijan has devoted so much of its oil revenues to government investment, Azerbaijan provides a suitable case for examining an alternative link through government investment. This study applies the ARDL cointegration method to quarterly time series data on oil prices, government capital formation, non-oil exports and non-oil GDP to estimate the long run relationships linking oil prices to government investment expenditures and further to generation of non-oil GDP. The results show that despite the massive government investment expenditures, extremely little non-oil production of the tradable type has been generated, calling attention to the need for policy reform.

  5. 6 essential elements for physician revenue cycle management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colton, Benjamin C; Wofford, David A

    2013-09-01

    To be effective, a professional fee billing operation requires the following elements: Capable management. An appropriate organizational model. Consolidated practice management systems. Transparency, standards, and controls. An appropriate coding and compliance model. ICD-10 preparedness.

  6. Optimizing MPBSM Resource Allocation Based on Revenue Management: A China Mobile Sichuan Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Chen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The key to determining the network service level of telecom operators is resource allocation for mobile phone base station maintenance (MPBSM. Given intense market competition and higher consumer requirements for network service levels, an increasing proportion of resources have been allocated to MPBSM. Maintenance costs account for the rising fraction of direct costs, and the management of MPBSM resource allocation presents special challenges to telecom operators. China Mobile is the largest telecom operator in the world. Its subsidiary, China Mobile Sichuan, is the first in China to use revenue management in improving MPBSM resource allocation. On the basis of comprehensive revenue (including both economic revenue and social revenue, the subsidiary established a classification model of its base stations. The model scientifically classifies more than 25,000 base stations according to comprehensive revenue. China Mobile Sichuan also conducted differentiation allocation of MPBSM resources on the basis of the classification results. Furthermore, it optimized the assessment system of the telecom base stations to establish an assurance system for the use of MPBSM resources. After half-year implementation, the cell availability of both VIP base stations and total base stations significantly improved. The optimization also reduced economic losses to RMB 10.134 million, and enhanced customer satisfaction with network service by 3.2%.

  7. Revenue Management and it impacts on its actors in the hospitality industry

    OpenAIRE

    Le Torc'h, Maëla

    2015-01-01

    Since its apparition in the seventies due to the deregulation of airlines companies, Revenue Management has evolved and became strong strategic management tool for companies of services. Some of the industries concerned by this management are airlines companies, hospitality industry, railway industry, restaurants, entertainments parks, etc… We focused our study on the hospitality industry. This industry is currently one of the most active in the world and there is strong competitiveness withi...

  8. Applying revenue management to agent-based transportation planning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Douma, Albert; Schuur, Peter; Heijden, van der Matthieu

    2006-01-01

    We consider a multi-company, less-than-truckload, dynamic VRP based on the concept of multi-agent systems. We focus on the intelligence of one vehicle agent and especially on its bidding strategy. We address the problem how to price loads that are offered in real-time such that available capacity is

  9. Applying revenue management to agent-based transportation planning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Douma, A.M.; Schuur, Peter; van der Heijden, Matthijs C.

    2006-01-01

    We consider a multi-company, less-than-truckload, dynamic VRP based on the concept of multi-agent systems. We focus on the intelligence of one vehicle agent and especially on its bidding strategy. We address the problem how to price loads that are offered in real-time such that available capacity is

  10. 5 things to look for in a next-generation revenue cycle management system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buysman, Loren

    2010-08-01

    Healthcare leaders should look for five key attributes in a next-generation revenue cycle management system: The ability to provide real-time information. Exception-based workflow. Features that support financially aware care. Virtual business office functionality. Functionality that supports an enhanced consumer experience.

  11. Combined overbooking and seat inventory control for two-class revenue management model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murati Somboon

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available We propose a two-class revenue management (RM model, which combines two of the most important RM strategies, namely overbooking and seat inventory control for a passenger airline. We derive a closed-form expression for an optimal overbooking limit that maximizes the expected profit, and analytically perform sensitivity analysis by changing model parameters such as a revenue, a penalty cost associated with unsatisfied demand, a show-up probability, a refund, a denied boarding cost, and a plane capacity.

  12. Hospital financial management: what is the link between revenue cycle management, profitability, and not-for-profit hospitals' ability to grow equity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Simone Rauscher; Wheeler, John

    2012-01-01

    Effective revenue cycle management--from appointment scheduling and patient registration at the front end of the revenue cycle to billing and cash collections at the back end--plays a crucial role in hospitals' efforts to improve their financial performance. Using data for 1,397 bond-issuing, not-for-profit US hospitals for 2000 to 2007, this study analyzed the relationship between hospitals' performance at managing the revenue cycle and their profitability and ability to build equity capital. Hospital-level fixed effects regression analysis was used to model four different measures of profitability and equity capital as functions of two key financial indicators of revenue cycle management--amount of patient revenue and speed of revenue collection. The results indicated that higher amounts of patient revenue in relation to a hospital's assets were associated with statistically significant increases in operating and total profit margins, free cash flow, and equity capital (p revenue per dollar of assets invested reported improved financial performance. Likewise, a statistically significant link existed between lower revenue collection periods and all four indicators of hospital financial performance (p revenue reported higher profit margins and larger equity values. For revenue cycle managers, these findings represent good news: Streamlining a hospital's management of the patient revenue cycle can advance the organization's financial viability by improving profitability and enabling equity growth.

  13. Financial sustainability in municipal solid waste management--costs and revenues in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohri, Christian Riuji; Camenzind, Ephraim Joseph; Zurbrügg, Christian

    2014-02-01

    Providing good solid waste management (SWM) services while also ensuring financial sustainability of the system continues to be a major challenge in cities of developing countries. Bahir Dar in northwestern Ethiopia outsourced municipal waste services to a private waste company in 2008. While this institutional change has led to substantial improvement in the cleanliness of the city, its financial sustainability remains unclear. Is the private company able to generate sufficient revenues from their activities to offset the costs and generate some profit? This paper presents a cost-revenue analysis, based on data from July 2009 to June 2011. The analysis reveals that overall costs in Bahir Dar's SWM system increased significantly during this period, mainly due to rising costs related to waste transportation. On the other hand, there is only one major revenue stream in place: the waste collection fee from households, commercial enterprises and institutions. As the efficiency of fee collection from households is only around 50%, the total amount of revenues are not sufficient to cover the running costs. This results in a substantial yearly deficit. The results of the research therefore show that a more detailed cost structure and cost-revenue analysis of this waste management service is important with appropriate measures, either by the privates sector itself or with the support of the local authorities, in order to enhance cost efficiency and balance the cost-revenues towards cost recovery. Delays in mitigating the evident financial deficit could else endanger the public-private partnership (PPP) and lead to failure of this setup in the medium to long term, thus also endangering the now existing improved and currently reliable service. We present four options on how financial sustainability of the SWM system in Bahir Dar might be enhanced: (i) improved fee collection efficiency by linking the fees of solid waste collection to water supply; (ii) increasing the value

  14. Increased Use of Care Management Processes and Expanded Health Information Technology Functions by Practice Ownership and Medicaid Revenue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, Hector P; McClellan, Sean R; Bibi, Salma; Casalino, Lawrence P; Ramsay, Patricia P; Shortell, Stephen M

    2016-06-01

    Practice ownership and Medicaid revenue may affect the use of care management processes (CMPs) for chronic conditions and expansion of health information technology (HIT). Using a national cohort of medical practices, we compared the use of CMPs and HIT from 2006/2008 to 2013 by practice ownership and level of Medicaid revenue. Poisson regression models estimated changes in CMP use, and linear regression estimated changes in HIT, by practice ownership and Medicaid patient revenue, controlling for other practice characteristics. Compared with physician-owned practices, system-owned practices adopted a greater number of CMPs and HIT functions over time (p revenue (≥30.0%) was associated with less adoption of CMPs (p revenue were more likely than physician-owned practices with high Medicaid revenue to adopt CMPs over time. System and community health center ownership appear to help high Medicaid practices overcome CMP adoption constraints.

  15. Financial sustainability in municipal solid waste management – Costs and revenues in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lohri, Christian Riuji, E-mail: christian.lohri@eawag.ch; Camenzind, Ephraim Joseph, E-mail: ephraimcamenzind@hotmail.com; Zurbrügg, Christian, E-mail: christian.zurbruegg@eawag.ch

    2014-02-15

    Highlights: • Cost-revenue analysis over 2 years revealed insufficient cost-recovery. • Expenses for motorized secondary collection increased by 82% over two years. • Low fee collection rate and reliance on only one revenue stream are problematic. • Different options for cost reduction and enhanced revenue streams are recommended. • Good public–private alliance is crucial to plan and implement improvement measures. - Abstract: Providing good solid waste management (SWM) services while also ensuring financial sustainability of the system continues to be a major challenge in cities of developing countries. Bahir Dar in northwestern Ethiopia outsourced municipal waste services to a private waste company in 2008. While this institutional change has led to substantial improvement in the cleanliness of the city, its financial sustainability remains unclear. Is the private company able to generate sufficient revenues from their activities to offset the costs and generate some profit? This paper presents a cost-revenue analysis, based on data from July 2009 to June 2011. The analysis reveals that overall costs in Bahir Dar’s SWM system increased significantly during this period, mainly due to rising costs related to waste transportation. On the other hand, there is only one major revenue stream in place: the waste collection fee from households, commercial enterprises and institutions. As the efficiency of fee collection from households is only around 50%, the total amount of revenues are not sufficient to cover the running costs. This results in a substantial yearly deficit. The results of the research therefore show that a more detailed cost structure and cost-revenue analysis of this waste management service is important with appropriate measures, either by the privates sector itself or with the support of the local authorities, in order to enhance cost efficiency and balance the cost-revenues towards cost recovery. Delays in mitigating the evident

  16. Pain management improves care and revenue: an interview with ProCare Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, F N; Walsh, C

    2000-01-01

    As provider and managed care organizations continue to look for better ways to control costs and improve patient outcomes, disease management programs are getting an increasing share of their attention. One often-over-looked area with significant potential to improve outcomes, reduce costs, and enhance revenues is pain management. It has been estimated that at least 40 percent of senior citizens suffer from chronic pain, and as the population ages, the number of chronic pain sufferers will only increase. Pain management companies have been forming to meet the current and future demand for comprehensive pain management programs. One such company is ProCare Systems, a single-specialty physician practice management company based in Grand Rapids, Michigan. HFM spoke with Fred N. Davis, MD, president and cofounder of ProCare Systems, and Cyndy Walsh, ProCare System's CEO, about pain management programs and the patient care and financial impact they can effect.

  17. The impact of alcohol management practices on sports club membership and revenue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolfenden, L; Kingsland, M; Rowland, B; Dodds, P; Sidey, M; Sherker, S; Wiggers, J

    2016-04-13

    Issue addressed: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of an alcohol management intervention on community sporting club revenue (total annual income) and membership (number of club players, teams and spectators).Methods: The study employed a cluster randomised controlled trial design that allocated clubs either an alcohol accreditation intervention or a control condition. Club representatives completed a scripted telephone survey at baseline and again ~3 years following. Demographic information about clubs was collected along with information about club income.Results: Number of players and senior teams were not significantly different between treatment groups following the intervention. The intervention group, however, showed a significantly higher mean number of spectators. Estimates of annual club income between groups at follow-up showed no significant difference in revenue.Conclusions: This study found no evidence to suggest that efforts to reduce alcohol-related harm in community sporting clubs will compromise club revenue and membership.So what?: These findings suggest that implementation of an intervention to improve alcohol management of sporting clubs may not have the unintended consequence of harming club viability.

  18. Estimation of risk management effects on revenue and purchased feed costs on US dairy farms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadrich, Joleen C; Johnson, Kamina K

    2015-09-01

    Variations in milk and feed prices directly affect dairy farm risk management decisions. This research used data from the 2010 US Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Resource Management Surveys phase III dairy survey to examine how risk management tools affected revenues and expenses across US dairy farms. The survey was sent to 26 states and collected information on costs and returns to individual dairy farms. This research used the information from milk sales, crops sales, feed expenses, and farm and operator characteristics, as well as the use of risk management tools. Matching methodology was used to evaluate the effect of 5 independent risk management tools on revenues and expenses: selling milk to a cooperative, using a commodity contract to sell grain, feeding homegrown forage at a basic and intensive level, and use of a nutritionist. Results showed that dairy farms located in the Midwest and East benefit from selling milk to a cooperative and using commodity contracts to sell grain. Across the United States, using a nutritionist increased total feed costs, whereas a feeding program that included more than 65% homegrown forages decreased total feed costs. Results point to benefits from educational programming on risk management tools that are region specific rather than a broad generalization to all US dairy farmers.

  19. Revenue management v malém ubytovacím zařízení

    OpenAIRE

    Lebedeva, Anna

    2017-01-01

    The topic of this thesis is Revenue Management and application of its principles in a small accommodation facility. There are many publications from Czech and international scholars, dedicated to Revenue Management as an indispensable part of any industry. In this thesis its main principles, which were created for use by airline companies and big hotels. This work describes application of their adaptated version in a small hotel and results of this application.

  20. Online QoS/Revenue Management for Third Generation Mobile Communication Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Lohmann, Marco

    2004-01-01

    This thesis shows how online management of both quality of service (QoS) and provider revenue can be performed in third generation (3G) mobile networks by adaptive control of system parameters to changing traffic conditions. As a main result, this approach is based on a novel call admission control and bandwidth degradation scheme for real-time traffic. The admission controller considers real-time calls with two priority levels: calls of high priority have a guaranteed bit-rate, whereas calls...

  1. Managing soil remediation problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okx, J P; Hordijk, L; Stein, A

    1996-12-01

    Soil remediation has only a short history but the problem addressed is a significant one. Cost estimates for the clean-up of contaminated sites in the European Union and the United States are in the order of magnitude of 1,400 billion ECU. Such an enormous operation deserves the best management it can get. Reliable cost estimations per contaminated site are an important prerequisite. This paper addresses the problems related to site-wise estimations.When solving soil remediation problems, we have to deal with a large number of scientific disciplines. Too often solutions are presented from the viewpoint of only one discipline. In order to benefit from the combined disciplinary knowledge and experience, we think that it is necessary to describe the interrelations between these disciplines. This can be realized by developing an adequate model of the desired process which enables to consider and evaluate the essential factors as interdependent components of the total system.The resulting model provides a binding paradigm to the contributing disciplines which will result in improved efficiency and effectivity of the decision and the cost estimation process. In the near future, we will release the "Biosparging and Bioventing Expert Support System", an expert support system for problem owners, consultants and authorities dealing with the design and operation of a biosparging and/or a bioventing system.

  2. Revenue enhancement through total quality management/continuous quality improvement (TQM/CQI) in outpatient coding and billing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dwore, R B; Murray, B P; Parsons, R J; Smith, P M; Vorderer, L H

    1995-01-01

    To survive and thrive, rural hospitals are seeking enhanced revenues. This study focuses on outpatient laboratory and radiology coding and billing accuracy in a nonrandom sample of seven rural hospitals in a Western state. Information was gathered on (1) procedures incorrectly coded, (2) potential revenue increases from correct coding and billing, (3) barriers to implementing changes, and (4) perceived audit value. The identified major source of potential revenue enhancement was increased fees from private payers. Correct coding and billing to Medicare and Medicaid offered the potential of additional revenue. Participating administrators appreciated the validation of coding and billing practices and identification of potential enhanced revenues. Five of seven hospitals (71.4%) selectively implemented recommended changes. Complete compliance with recommended changes was limited by barriers of tradition, competition, and reimbursement, which must be overcome to realize successful implementation. Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organization's (JCAHO) new Total Quality Management/Continuous Quality Improvement (TQM/CQI) emphasis provides an opportunity for revenue enhancement through coding/billing assessments and interdepartmental focus and coordination.

  3. Factors affecting revenue from the management of pelvis and acetabulum fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vallier, Heather A; Cureton, Beth Ann; Patterson, Brendan M

    2013-05-01

    The purpose was to define charges and reimbursement in the management of pelvis and acetabulum fractures and to identify opportunities for revenue enhancement. Retrospective review. Level 1 trauma center. Four hundred sixty-five patients with 210 pelvic ring injuries and 285 acetabulum fractures. All fractures were treated surgically. Professional and facility charges and collections were determined for each patient. Costs of care and profitability were calculated for patients with isolated pelvis or acetabulum fractures. : Definitive fixation was ≤ 24 hours of injury in 35% and >72 hours in 24%. Mean hospital length of stay (LOS) was 9.2 days, with mean 3.1 days in the intensive care unit (ICU). Mean facility charges were $51,069 with collections of $22,702 (44%). Mean orthopaedic professional charges were $20,184 with collections of $4629 (23%). Combined pelvis and acetabulum fractures had the highest facility collection rates (49%) with lower professional collections (21%) versus isolated fractures (25%, P = 0.03). The payer mix had significantly more commercial (27%), managed care (27%), and Bureau of Worker's Compensation (10%) versus the entire hospital, despite progressively more patients with Medicaid or no insurance during the study. Uninsured patients were significantly younger with lower injury severity score. Fractures managed definitively ≤ 24 hours had shorter LOS, shorter ICU stay, and fewer complications, with mean net facility revenue over costs of $2376. Longer LOS due to complications increased initial hospital costs by a mean of $14,829. Patients with multiple injuries generated higher facility charges and collection rates. Professional collection rates were lower in patients with more than 1 surgical procedure in the same setting. Trauma patients were more likely to have commercial, managed care, and Bureau of Worker's Compensation insurance versus the entire hospital. Fractures managed definitively within 24 hours were associated with

  4. Innovative revenue generation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pink, G H; Deber, R B; Lavoie, J N; Aserlind, E

    1991-01-01

    Innovative revenue generation by Canadian hospitals is drawing increasing attention. After a critical examination of the literature, we classified these into six areas: clinical/diagnostic insured services, clinical/diagnostic non-insured services, hotel services, retail services, administrative services and financial activities. We concluded that many Canadian hospitals are engaging in innovative revenue generation activities, the success of such activities has been mixed, there are many factors to consider when selecting revenue generation activities, many aspects of innovative revenue generation involve sophisticated business and risk management skills not traditionally required in hospital management, and implementation of many such activities requires support from the hospital board, hospital staff and medical staff.

  5. A comparative analysis of revenue and cost-management strategies of not-for-profit and for-profit hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shukla, R K; Pestian, J; Clement, J

    1997-01-01

    Not-for-profit (NFP) and for-profit (FP) hospitals were compared on several performance indicators including revenues, costs, productivity/efficiency, and profitability. The indicators were adjusted, where appropriate, for outpatient activity and a case-mix index for all patients. FP hospitals had higher profit margins as well as higher gross and net revenues per case-mix adjusted admission. On the other hand, NFP hospitals had lower total cost per case-mix adjusted admission even after subtracting taxes from FP hospital costs. There were no significant differences between the two groups on efficiency and productivity indicators--paid hours per case-mix adjusted admissions, occupancy levels, and case-mix adjusted ALOS. The higher profits of FP hospitals were attributed to revenue management rather than cost and efficiency management.

  6. With Medicare revenues at stake, ED managers place new importance on elevating the patient experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    With a portion of Medicare revenue soon to be on the line based on patient satisfaction, ED managers have a heightened focus on making sure patients not only receive first-rate care, but that they also come away from the experience with good things to say. Some hospitals have implemented "patient centric" training for all employees, including the clinical staff, and they're getting regular feedback from patients on things they could do better. Furthermore, patient throughput--always an important factor--has taken on added significance. Beginning this fall, Medicare will begin withholding 1% of payments to hospitals so that it can use these funds to provide incentives to institutions that score high on patient satisfaction. The percent of payments withheld will rise to 2% by 2017. ED managers have implemented rounding through the waiting areas so that patients and family members are kept informed, and they're coming up with new ways to shorten patient-to-provider times. Experts say patient views of time spent in the ED also impact satisfaction scores from inpatient stays. Sophistication in the art of cue management is helping some EDs clear waiting rooms and maximize resources.

  7. Ghana Petroleum Fund Experiment. ´Can a Petroleum Fund help Ghana manage its petroleum revenue (wealth)? An Experimental Inquiry´

    OpenAIRE

    Osei Kontor, Dennis

    2010-01-01

    Ghana starts petroleum production and export business in the third quarter of 2010. The management of the petroleum tax revenue is seen as timely fiscal policy decisions by the government and its partners. These policy decisions could either lead to a “blessing”; managing the revenue well or a “curse”; mismanaging the revenue, if right decisions are not taken. Studies also show that people commonly misperceive the dynamics of a system when making decisions, resulting to poor...

  8. On the Management of the Division of the Non-tax Revenue%非税收入分成管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑智强

    2012-01-01

    The key to the standardized division of the government's non-tax revenue is the unity of the property rights and the rights of doing business, taking into account the cost compensation and the priority to efficiency. Based on making clear the connotation, the theoretical basis and the division principles of the government non-tax revenue division, this paper makes an analysis of the status quo of Fujian's non-tax revenue division, the existing problems and their causes and, to standardize the management of the non-tax revenue, puts forwards medium and long term strategies such as strengthening the construction of the legal system, developing the harmonious relations of clistribution and enhancing the management of the budget, and short-term strategies such as putting in order the division items, integrating the functions of management, reinforcing the construction of informatization, supervising the Financial vouchers and improving the ways of collection.%财权与事权相统一,兼顾成本补偿、效率优先,是政府非税收入规范分成的关键。文章在明晰政府非税收入分成的涵义、理论依据和分成原则的基础上,对福建省非税收入分成现状、存在问题及成因进行分析,提出了非税收入分成规范化管理的加强法制建设、理顺分配关系、深化预算管理等中长期对策和清理分成项目、整合管理职能、重视信息化建设、加强财政票据、改进收缴方式等近期对策。

  9. Automated Internal Revenue Processing System: A Panacea For ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROF. O. E. OSUAGWU

    2013-06-01

    Jun 1, 2013 ... for the collection and management of internal revenue which is the ... From the information gathered a number of problems inherent in the .... board, one from the Personal Income ... Local Government Area Office of the.

  10. Revenue Management - současný stav a perspektivy dalšího rozvoje v oblasti hotelnictví

    OpenAIRE

    Jenčková, Jiřina

    2017-01-01

    This doctoral dissertation thesis focuses on current turnover management following principles of Revenue management in the field of hospitality in the Czech Republic. Final part of the thesis offers also prognosis of future development. The goal is to introduce Revenue management as an economic and management approach to direction of accommodation establishments, which maximize turnover. It uses optimum recovery ratio of accommodation capacity in combination with maximum average rate and pric...

  11. The Effects of Applying Revenue Management on Customer Satisfaction in Airline Industry: An Experimental Study in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rambat Lupiyoadi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This research mainly discusses about the effects of applying revenue management, specifically in the contexts of inventory control (variation in ticket prices for the same flight and class and denied boarding (permissibility of reservations exceeding carrying capacity as a hedging practice over the possibility of tickets cancellation on the customers’ satisfaction toward airlines in Indonesia. Experimental method was applied on the research, involving students from University of Indonesia asparticipants. The results showed that inventory control policy partly affected customer satisfaction, while the denied boarding policy fully affected their satisfaction. These research findings can contributeto further studies on consumers’ behaviour in dynamic airlines industry, mainly in emerging markets such as Indonesia.Keywords: Airlines, Revenue Management, Customer Satisfaction

  12. IMPACTO DEL REVENUE MANAGEMENT EN LOS SISTEMAS DE CONTROL DE GESTIÓN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EMMA CASTELLÓ TALIANI

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El Revenue Management (RM tiene por objeto prever la demanda de productos o servicios de la manera más precisa posible, a fin de poder establecer y adaptar las decisiones de precio y disponi - bilidad de productos, en los diferentes canales de venta, y maximizar la rentabilidad. El RM trata de maximizar el ingreso que puede alcanzar una empresa con una capacidad fija de fabricación de un producto o de prestación de un servicio; así, el objetivo es tratar de destinar la capacidad a aquellos clientes que aportan más valor a la empresa, asignándoles la capacidad adecuada. En este marco de actuación se suele aludir, constantemente, a la necesidad de generar un resultado, o alcanzar una rentabilidad, sin embargo a estos efectos sólo se toman en consideración los costes variables, y en menor medida los costes fijos, lo que nos lleva a plantear la cuestión ¿qué impacto tiene el método de cálculo de costes en los procesos de gestión de ingresos? Esta es la cuestión que confor - ma el objetivo del presente artículo, al identificar cuáles son las interrelaciones que existen entre la contabilidad de gestión y el RM, dado que ambas perspectivas son complementarias en el logro de un objetivo común, como es buscar la mayor eficiencia y efectividad económica de las operaciones desarrolladas por cualquier empresa.

  13. Consumer behaviour and sales forecast accuracy: what’s going on and how should revenue managers respond?

    OpenAIRE

    Currie, Christine S.M.; Rowley, Ian T.

    2010-01-01

    Since the Lehman’s crash in 2008 anecdotal evidence from the Revenue Management Society in the UK suggests that consumer buying behaviour has changed significantly. Consumers are buying different things, at different times and through different channels. As a result forecast accuracy is poor and many companies are turning off the automated forecasting systems and relying on analysts to predict booking behaviour. Historical data alone cannot be used to predict future sales in times of flux suc...

  14. Implications of workforce and financing changes for primary care practice utilization, revenue, and cost: a generalizable mathematical model for practice management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basu, Sanjay; Landon, Bruce E; Song, Zirui; Bitton, Asaf; Phillips, Russell S

    2015-02-01

    Primary care practice transformations require tools for policymakers and practice managers to understand the financial implications of workforce and reimbursement changes. To create a simulation model to understand how practice utilization, revenues, and expenses may change in the context of workforce and financing changes. We created a simulation model estimating clinic-level utilization, revenues, and expenses using user-specified or public input data detailing practice staffing levels, salaries and overhead expenditures, patient characteristics, clinic workload, and reimbursements. We assessed whether the model could accurately estimate clinic utilization, revenues, and expenses across the nation using labor compensation, medical expenditure, and reimbursements databases, as well as cost and revenue data from independent practices of varying size. We demonstrated the model's utility in a simulation of how utilization, revenue, and expenses would change after hiring a nurse practitioner (NP) compared with hiring a part-time physician. Modeled practice utilization and revenue closely matched independent national utilization and reimbursement data, disaggregated by patient age, sex, race/ethnicity, insurance status, and ICD diagnostic group; the model was able to estimate independent revenue and cost estimates, with highest accuracy among larger practices. A demonstration analysis revealed that hiring an NP to work independently with a subset of patients diagnosed with diabetes or hypertension could increase net revenues, if NP visits involve limited MD consultation or if NP reimbursement rates increase. A model of utilization, revenue, and expenses in primary care practices may help policymakers and managers understand the implications of workforce and financing changes.

  15. The problems and development potential of revenue autonomy in Estonian municipalities. Kohalike omavalitsuste tuluautonoomia probleemid ja arenguvõimalused Eestis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janno Reiljan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In a regionally heterogeneous country like Estonia, it is a difficult task to create a local government revenue structure that guarantees even supply of public services across the entire country and, at the same time, revenue autonomy for the municipalities. In the theoretical part of the current article the suitability of different sources of own revenues are analysed in the context of Estonian municipalities. The empirical part of the article compares the financing principles of Estonian municipalities with other EU countries. Finally, the proportions of different own sources of revenues in the budgets of Estonian local governments are examined and suggestions are made for changing the current system

  16. Criterion 6, indicator 40 : distribution of revenues derived from forest management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenneth Skog; James Howard; Rebecca Westby

    2011-01-01

    For the forestry and logging, wood products, paper products, and wood furniture industries, in 2002, of a total $72.5 billion (2005$) in wages, profits and taxes, 80% went to wages, 18% to profits and 2% to taxes; 43% was provided by paper products industries, 35% by wood products industries, 17% by wood furniture industries and 5% by forestry and logging. Revenues to...

  17. Enteral nutrition - child - managing problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000164.htm Enteral nutrition - child - managing problems To use the sharing features ... trouble breathing, call 911. References Mcclave SA. Enteral nutrition. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil ...

  18. Electric sales and revenue: 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1995-01-01

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1993. Operating revenue includes energy charges, demand charges, consumer service charges, environmental surcharges, fuel adjustments, and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. Because electric rates vary based on energy usage, average revenue per kilowatthour are affected by changes in the volume of sales. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels.

  19. Management problems of staff motivation

    OpenAIRE

    PUZYNYA T.A.

    2015-01-01

    Staff motivation is a major link in improving the competitiveness of any organization. One of the main problems of management of motivation of staff is the individuality of each employee, so the knowledge of psychology and individual needs will help organizations effectively manage staff.

  20. Management problems of staff motivation

    OpenAIRE

    PUZYNYA T.A.

    2015-01-01

    Staff motivation is a major link in improving the competitiveness of any organization. One of the main problems of management of motivation of staff is the individuality of each employee, so the knowledge of psychology and individual needs will help organizations effectively manage staff.

  1. 中外饭店在大陆市场收益管理动态定价对比研究%A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN HOTELS ON THE DYNAMIC PRICING OF REVENUE MANAGEMENT IN MAINLAND CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海; 孙凤芝; 胡翔

    2013-01-01

    收益管理在20世纪70年代末诞生于美国航空公司.到了20世纪90年代在美国的万豪(Marriott)饭店集团最先采用收益管理方法,在不增加成本的情况下,极大地提高了饭店利润、取得了巨大成功.我国对收益管理的研究和应用起步较晚,在2001年,广州白天鹅宾馆率先在大陆市场引入收益管理,对我国饭店业起到了一定的促进作用.笔者通过对收益管理中的核心动态定价策略在中外饭店管理中的应用分析,找出了国内饭店在应用收益管理方面的薄弱环节,并进行有针对性的改进,对缩小与外资旅游饭店管理的差距,提升国内旅游饭店的管理水平,促进行业发展具有重要的现实意义.%Born in the late 1970s in the airline industry of United States, revenue management became an effectively solution to the revenue management of airline industry. In early 1990s, Marriott Hotel Group of U. S. A first introduced revenue management in the tourist hotel industry. Without adding the cost, it helped the hotel achieved much higher profit and a great success. The study and application of revenue management in China had a late arrival. In 2001, White Swan Hotel of Guangzhou first introduced revenue management in mainland China and promoted the development of tourist hotels in China. This paper analyses the application of core dynamic pricing strategy in revenue management. It points out the existing problems in the revenue management of our domestic hotels and puts forwards countermeasures for the purpose of shortening the disparity in management between domestic hotels and foreign - invested ventures. It will help to improve the management level of domestic hotels and promote the development of tourism industries.

  2. The land of black gold, corruption, poverty and sabotage: Overcoming the Niger Delta’s problems through the establishment of a Nigerian Non-Renewable Revenue Special Fund (NNRSF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Gonzalez

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Through statistics published by the Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC, the paper explores why oilfield sabotage from 2009 to 2015 remains a problem in the Niger Delta, despite the 2009 amnesty programme. It explains why some of these incidents are a direct result of the failure to implement socio-economic development in successive state agencies due to corruption, a consequence of the natural resource curse. The article then explores why and how a Nigerian Non-Renewable Revenue Special Fund overseen by the United Nations Development Programme should be established which would not only manage a portion of oil revenue funds from the Niger Delta but also initiate valid social and economic projects in order to help reduce the prevalence of sabotage and instability in the region.

  3. Retaining customers in a managed care market. Hospitals must understand the connection between patient satisfaction, loyalty, retention, and revenue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gemme, E M

    1997-01-01

    Traditionally, health care patients have been treated by health care professionals as people with needs rather than as customers with options. Although managed care has restricted patient choice, choice has not been eliminated. The premise of this article is that patients are primary health care consumers. Adopting such a premise and developing an active customer retention program can help health care organizations change their culture for the better, which may lead to higher customer retention levels and increased revenues. Customer retention programs based on service excellence that empower employees to provide excellent care can eventually lead to a larger market share for health care organizations trying to survive this era of intense competition.

  4. Gestión de precios en un sistema de Revenue Management hotelero en línea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lluís Prats Planagumà

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The computerization of the Revenue Management (RM systems in the tourism industry has increased in recent years, as well as their uses in tourism companies. Moreover, these systems turned into the on-line management. Although the hotel sector seems to drive a slower speed of implementation of these systems than other sectors like the aerial or the maritime, the applications of RM applied to the hotel sector tend to fulfill three basic premises, 1 not being standard and with a self-made structure, 2 that can applicable to all kind of hotels and even to other systems of accommodation, and 3 that can be used for the on-line price establishment. Due to this the main aim of this paper is based on developing a system of pricing management that fulfils these basic premises.

  5. 中外饭店收益管理影响要素对比研究%A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE INFLUENTIAL FACTORS IN DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN HOTEL REVENUE MANAGEMENT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙凤芝; 王海; 胡翔

    2012-01-01

    收益管理在上世纪70年代末诞生于美国航空公司.由于在航空业中收益管理收效显著,也引起了其他性质相似行业的关注,饭店业也不例外.在90年代初,美国的万豪(Marriott)饭店集团最先采用收益管理方法,取得了巨大成功.旅游饭店收益管理通过对不同细分市场客人的客房入住时间和价格的有效管理达到最大的客房收益.笔者通过调查访谈和调查问卷的方式让中外旅游饭店的工作人员对影响收益管理的关键要素打分,然后根据美国学者Griffin的研究成果,对调查问卷的结果进行综合分析,指出我国旅游饭店在收益管理方面存在的问题,并提出了相应的策略.%Born in the late 1970s in the airline industry of United States, revenue management became an effectively solution to the revenue management of airline industry, thus attracted the attention from related industries, including hospitality industry. In early 1990s, Marriott Hotel Group of U. S. A first used revenue management in the tourist hotel industry, and achieved great success. The revenue management of tourist hotels gained the maximum revenue from room rent by effective management on check-in time and pricing of different market segments. This paper uses the research methods such as survey and interviews and questionnaire, the staff of domestic and foreign tourist hotels rate on key factors affecting the revenue management. Then on the basis of research result of Griffin, the article analyses the survey results comprehensively. It points out the existing problems in the revenue management of our domestic hotels and puts forwards counter-measures.

  6. Will RAC change RCM? Hospital leaders are gearing up for the potential of RAC audits to impact the revenue cycle management process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Steven K

    2010-05-01

    Hospital leaders making headway in anticipating the potential impact of possible RAC audits under the Medicare program are examining their revenue cycle management programs and making those RCM programs more rigorous and specific. Hospitals with experience in the early federal RAC audit demonstration project have accumulated numerous learnings from their participation in the early demo project. One clear learning has been the significant financial impact of going through a RAC audit. CIOs will need to work closely and productively with CFOs, health information management professionals, and others, in order to drill down to the levels at which revenue cycle management programs needto be examined in order to strengthen their effectiveness.

  7. Revenue Management in Make-To-Order Manufacturing: Case Study of Capacity Control at ThyssenKrupp VDM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Hintsches

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available While revenue management (RM is traditionally considered a tool of service operations, RM shows considerable potential for application in manufacturing operations. The typical challenges in make-to-order manufacturing are fixed manufacturing capacities and a great variety in offered products, going along with pronounced fluctuations in demand and profitability. Since Harris and Pinder in the mid-90s, numerous papers have furthered the understanding of RM theory in this environment. Nevertheless, results to be expected from applying the developed methods to a practical industry setting have yet to be reported. To this end, this paper investigates a possible application of RM at ThyssenKrupp VDM, leading to considerable improvements in several areas.

  8. Evolución y tendencias de las publicaciones sobre Revenue Management en el sector turístico (1989-2013)

    OpenAIRE

    Domingo Carrillo, Miguel Ángel; Chávez Miranda, María Esther; Escobar Pérez, Bernabé

    2015-01-01

    El Revenue Management constituye la base de todos los sistemas de reservas y es utilizado, principalmente, por aerolíneas y grandes cadenas hoteleras para mejorar sus ingresos mediante la combinación de la gestión de la demanda, la capacidad y los precios. Con este trabajo se pretende determinar la evolución y tendencias en la investigación sobre Revenue Management en el sector turístico durante los últimos 25 años (1989-2013). Para ello, hemos realizado una r...

  9. A Research on Real-Option Model of Hotel Revenue Management%基于实物期权的酒店收益管理模型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林玉虾

    2015-01-01

    Revenue management can increase hotel revenue effectively,however the existing research still can’t solve the issues of room vacancy and revenue loss resulted from rejecting high-price demand.To study and solve this problem is of great importance in both theory and practice.Based on laboratory simulation,this paper set up a hotel revenue management model based on real options to improve the overall benefits of hotel.In order to test the effectiveness of the real option revenue management model, the model is compared with traditional revenue management model in revenue management performance using simulation custom-ers booking data.The results show that:(1)real-option based revenue management model is superior to traditional revenue man-agement model and can effectively improve hotel earnings;(2)the effect of new model in the off-season is better than that in the peak season;(3)the price of option-room is positively related to the yield differential,the price of low-price room is negatively re-lated to the yield differential,while the price of high-price room doesn’t significantly affect the differential.%收益管理能够有效地提高酒店收益,然而很多现有的研究无法很好地解决由于客房空置或者拒绝高价客户产生的收益损失问题,研究并解决这一问题具有很大的理论和实践意义。研究利用仿真客户预订数据,结合实物期权的特点,建立基于实物期权的酒店收益管理模型,试图通过实物期权中“选择权”的设置提高酒店的总体收益。为了检验实物期权收益管理模型的有效性,还利用仿真数据对该模型与传统收益管理模型收益效果进行比较。研究结果表明:(1)基于实物期权的酒店收益管理模型的收益管理效果优于传统收益管理模型,能够有效地提高酒店收益;(2)期权收益管理模型在淡季使用效果高于旺季;(3)期权客房价格与模型收益差额成正比,低价客房

  10. Understanding Public Perception of and Participation in Non-Revenue Water Management in Malaysia to Support Urban Water Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chee Hui Lai

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In contextualising the serious water loss, inefficient resource utilization, and ineffective water utility management in Malaysia, the objective of this study is to understand the public’s perception of non-revenue water (NRW management in order to provide policy inputs, and to determine ways to improve public participation in NRW reduction. Findings reveal that there is currently only meagre public participation in NRW management in Malaysia, with a majority of the respondents demonstrating a lack of knowledge and awareness on NRW; over-dependence on water utility and government agencies in reducing NRW rates; and failure to submit a report when a leaking pipe is noticed. Educating the public on the importance of reducing NRW and promoting public interests and concerns around water tariffs, is essential to improve NRW reductions in Malaysia. Community-led strategies to better engage the public in addressing NRW-related issues have to be enhanced. To this end, concrete policy implications derived from the findings of the study are outlined.

  11. Study on Application of Revenue Management in Container Sea-rail Intermodal Transportation%收益管理在集装箱海铁联运中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘迪; 杨华龙

    2012-01-01

    针对集装箱海铁联运存在的问题提出实施收益管理的必要性,结合集装箱海铁联运的特点分析应用收益管理的可行性,并在此基础上建立集装箱海铁联运收益管理系统的概念模型,对模型中的5个构成要素以及简化模型中的需求预测、箱位分配、动态定价3个核心内容进行了分析探讨,为收益管理在集装箱海铁联运中的实际运用提供框架指引.%In this paper, we proposed the necessity of revenue management in view of the problems in the container sea-rail intermodal transportation. Then we analyzed the feasibility of revenue management in connection with the characteristics of the container sea-rail intermodal transportation. On such basis we established the conceptual model of the revenue management system of the container sea-rail intermodal transportation and analyzed its five components and three core contents which were demand forecasting, cargo slot allocation and dynamic pricing.

  12. The Effect of Forest Management Strategy on Carbon Storage and Revenue in Western Washington: A Probabilistic Simulation of Tradeoffs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Paul W; Cullen, Alison C; Ettl, Gregory J

    2017-01-01

    The objectives of this study are to understand tradeoffs between forest carbon and timber values, and evaluate the impact of uncertainty in improved forest management (IFM) carbon offset projects to improve forest management decisions. The study uses probabilistic simulation of uncertainty in financial risk for three management scenarios (clearcutting in 45- and 65-year rotations and no harvest) under three carbon price schemes (historic voluntary market prices, cap and trade, and carbon prices set to equal net present value (NPV) from timber-oriented management). Uncertainty is modeled for value and amount of carbon credits and wood products, the accuracy of forest growth model forecasts, and four other variables relevant to American Carbon Registry methodology. Calculations use forest inventory data from a 1,740 ha forest in western Washington State, using the Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) growth model. Sensitivity analysis shows that FVS model uncertainty contributes more than 70% to overall NPV variance, followed in importance by variability in inventory sample (3-14%), and short-term prices for timber products (8%), while variability in carbon credit price has little influence (1.1%). At regional average land-holding costs, a no-harvest management scenario would become revenue-positive at a carbon credit break-point price of $14.17/Mg carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2 e). IFM carbon projects are associated with a greater chance of both large payouts and large losses to landowners. These results inform policymakers and forest owners of the carbon credit price necessary for IFM approaches to equal or better the business-as-usual strategy, while highlighting the magnitude of financial risk and reward through probabilistic simulation.

  13. Overseas Non-tax Revenue Management and its Implications%海外非税收入管理概况及启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关睿; 云佳祺; 孟翠莲

    2012-01-01

    非税收入规范管理问题长期以来一直为世界各国所重视,海外各国尤其是海外发达国家在实践运行中都形成了一套适宜自身特点的非税收入管理机制体制。笔者针对我国非税收入管理体制不健全的实际,对北美、西欧、北欧及东亚等地区代表性国家的非税收入管理概况、特点进行了梳理,提出了能够为我国非税收入规范化管理所能借鉴的经验启示。%The standardized management of non-tax revenue has always been emphasized by countries all over the world, and in countries, especially foreign developed ones, a system of non-tax revenue management mechanisms suitable for its own operation has been formed. Aiming at the imperfect non-tax revenue management system in our country, this article summarizes the situation and characteristics of non-tax revenue management of some representative countries in North America, West Europe, North Europe as well as East Asia, and offers experience that we can learn from for the standardized management of non-tax revenue in our country.

  14. Recruitment, retention, and revenue: the three Rs of successful group practice management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Van

    2004-01-01

    Recruiting a physician to your medical practice can be an expensive proposition. But what is the cost of losing a physician, or of failing to fill a vacancy? This article examines the ramifications of physician recruitment and retention, from the perspective of its financial impact, by providing the framework for a strategy meant to increase the odds of successfully recruiting a new physician. The article also offers suggestions to help the medical practice manager retain productive doctors by considering physician retention as an extension of the recruitment effort.

  15. A model for routing problem in quay management problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zirour, Mourad; Oughalime, Ahmed; Liong, Choong-Yeun; Ismail, Wan Rosmanira; Omar, Khairuddin

    2014-06-01

    Quadratic Assignment Problem (QAP), like Vehicle Routing Problem, is one of those optimization problems that interests many researchers in the last decades. The Quay Management Problem is a specific problem which could be presented as a QAP which involves a double assignment of customers and products toward loading positions using lifting trucks. This study focuses on the routing problem while delivering the customers' demands. In this problem, lifting trucks will route around the storage sections to collect the products then deliver to the customers who are assigned to specific loading positions. The objective of minimizing the residence time for each customer is sought. This paper presents the problem and the proposed model.

  16. Electric sales and revenue 1992, April 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-04-20

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1992. The electric revenue reported by each electric utility includes the applicable revenue from kilowatthours sold; revenue from income; unemployment and other State and local taxes; energy, demand, and consumer service charges; environmental surcharges; franchise fees; fuel adjustments; and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels.

  17. The Concept of Performance Management in Payments from Revenues of Primary Care and Inpatient Public Health Institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayşegül YILDIRIM KAPTANOĞLU

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is intended to identify supplementary payment systems based on performance in health services provided by public hospitals via revolving fund revenues. For this purpose, all relevant legislation about the regulation of performance-based supplementary payment system in health services was examined in detail. Health legislation analysis is exemplified. A simplified method is followed to help physicians and health care workers to grasp the issue in detail with examples. The performance management implemented for additional payments from revolving funds in hospitals is considered as payments given for every procedure performed by physicians and nurses. In fact, only 50% of the hospitals’ monthly income is distributed according to some conditions, no matter how much procedure is done. The packages in Health Care Implementation Notification do not include expenses of depreciation, electricity, water, heating and etc. 50% of the total amount of the revolving fund is multiplied by the hospital’s quality factor; the resulting amount is distributed to health personnel. The average score is taken for all physicians working in the hospital for making an additional payment of performance. Although there are not performance-based payment systems in Family Medicine Center and the Community Health Center yet, in the near future it is expected to be put in practice at least for some applications.

  18. Gestión de precios en un sistema de Revenue Management hotelero en línea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lluís Prats Planagumà

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La informatización de los sistemas de Revenue Management (RM en el turismo es creciente en los últimos años, así como su utilización en empresas turísticas y su transformación hacia la gestión en línea. Aunque el sector hotelero parece ir a una velocidad de implementación de estos sistemas menor que otros sectores como el aéreo o el marítimo, las aplicaciones de RM aplicadas al sector hotelero también tienden a cumplir las tres premisas básicas: 1 que no sea estándar y pueda personalizarse, 2 que pueda aplicarse a todo tipo de hoteles e incluso a otros sistemas de alojamiento, y 3 que sirva para la fijación de precios que pueda relacionarse con sistemas en línea. Por este motivo el principal objetivo de este trabajo se basa en desarrollar un sistema de gestión de precios que cumpla las tres premisas básicas y además sea adaptable al entorno hotelero de venta en línea.

  19. 欠发达县域土地出让收支管理中存在的问题研究——基于对吉林省榆树市土地出让收支管理情况的调查%Study on the Problems of Less Developed County Land Revenue and Expenditure Management in the Transfer-- Based on the Land Transfer Payments in Yushu city of Jilin Province Investigation of the Management Situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱海生

    2015-01-01

    The land premium is the pillar of national treasury income in underdeveloped areas, is of great signiifcance to maintain social harmony and stability, to ensure the development of local economy, but for their own short-term interests, local government transfer payments for land management has many problems. In this paper, at the same time in the analysis of the characteristics of the land transfer payments, the problems existing in the management, gives the related countermeasures and suggestions.%土地出让金是欠发达地区财政国库收入的支柱性来源,对保证地方经济发展、维持社会和谐稳定具有重要意义,但出于自身短期利益,地方政府对土地出让收支管理尚存诸多问题.本文在分析县域土地出让收支特点、管理中存在的问题的同时,有针对性地给出了相关对策建议.

  20. Research and practice of integrated, specialized and practical teaching of airline revenue management%航空公司收益管理课程的专题化、综合化、实践化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张永莉

    2012-01-01

    Revenue management is one of the most important managerial techniques for airlines to improving their revenue. To solve practical problems of airline management, RM is an integration of economics, management, marketing theories and statistics, forecasting, decision-making methods with the computer tool. The course of airline revenue management, which was developed from the RM research programme, is suitable for teaching in a practical way with an integrated curriculum and specific topics. The integrated RM curriculum has been designed, elicitation method of teaching and problem solving of learning have been practiced, as well as the teaching outcomes have been presented. All of the experiences can be used for references to other curses.%航空公司收益管理综合运用经济学、管理学、市场学理论以及调查、统计、预测、决策方法和计算机工具,解决民航业的实践问题,是航空公司提高收入的关键管理技术之一.”航空公司收益管理”课程以科研项目为基础,特别适合综合化、实践化和专题化教学,该课程对课程内容的专题化、综合化、实践化和启发式、研究式教学方法进行了探索和初步实践,取得了一定效果,希望对其他课程的改革有借鉴作用.

  1. 浅析铁路运输企业运输收入的管理%The Management of Transport Revenue of Railroad Transport Businesses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘晓红

    2012-01-01

    To improve the transport revenue management is the requirement of the healthy development of railroad transport businesses and the financial management, and is the basic approach to prevent risks effectively. Targeting on the weak internal control of passenger transport, the poor management of freight transport, and the inaccurate revenue statements, railroad transport businesses should improve the revenu~ management, the internal control of income, and the management of transport income bills to increase the railroad economic benefit.%完善运输收入管理是实现铁路运输企业持续健康发展以及企业财务管理的需要,也是有效防范各种风险的基本手段。针对客运内控不严、货运管理不善、收入列报不准等问题,铁路运输企业应完善运输收入的管理以及运输收入票据及进款的内部控制,从而提高铁路经济效益。

  2. Problems involving salaried managers in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelyubina Maria Alexandrovna

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted relationships between owners of the company and top-managers. Problems of top-management motivation, shareholders` control, liability of infringement of the rights and interests of shareholders are investigated.

  3. Solving complex fisheries management problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petter Johnsen, Jahn; Eliasen, Søren Qvist

    2011-01-01

    A crucial issue for the new EU common fisheries policy is how to solve the discard problem. Through a study of the institutional set up and the arrangements for solving the discard problem in Denmark, the Faroe Islands, Iceland and Norway, the article identifies the discard problem as related...

  4. THE CHALLENGES OF RAISING REVENUES AND RESTRUCTURING SUBSIDIES IN MALAYSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suresh Narayanan

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Malaysia has run deficit budgets in all but five years since 1970 but past deficits have been managed thanks to substantial oil revenues and high domestic savings. However, the slow growth or decline of several traditional sources of revenue and the rising subsidy bill since 2007 have given pause for reflection on the traditional approach to fiscal management. In this paper, it is argued that fiscal management must not only centre around reducing non-productive expenditures and wasteful leakages but must also confront the problem of reducing and restructuring subsidies, particularly to petrol and petroleum-related products. The global dip in petroleum process has fortuitously provided the respite needed for such an exercise and should not lull policy makersinto complacency. When the economy recovers from the currentdownswing, a solid revenue raising instrument such as the value-addedtax must be introduced in order to wean the economy away from thecurrent over reliance on petroleum-based taxes.

  5. Assessment of Non-Revenue Water Situation in Mandalay City: Response to the Management of Sustainable Water Supply System in Mandalay City

    OpenAIRE

    Ser Moe Yi; Kampanad Bhaktikul; Kobkaew Manomaipiboon; Thongplew Kongjun

    2017-01-01

    Mandalay city is experiencing inefficient use of groundwater resources and inadequate water supply system to residents. The study focused on the issue of non-revenue water (NRW) and stakeholders’ perception on its management in order to design the remediation measures for the water lost controls and the sustainable water supply system. A total of 134 samples of water employees, and 383 households were assessed through structured questionnaires. It has been found that more than 50% of the wate...

  6. Solving complex fisheries management problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petter Johnsen, Jahn; Eliasen, Søren Qvist

    2011-01-01

    A crucial issue for the new EU common fisheries policy is how to solve the discard problem. Through a study of the institutional set up and the arrangements for solving the discard problem in Denmark, the Faroe Islands, Iceland and Norway, the article identifies the discard problem as related to ...... to both natural, other material and to cultural conditions. Hence, solving the discard problem requires not only technical and regulatory instruments, but also arenas and structures that allow and facilitate processes of cultural change....

  7. Automated Internal Revenue Processing System: A Panacea For ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Automated Internal Revenue Processing System: A Panacea For Financial Problems In Kogi State. ... West African Journal of Industrial and Academic Research ... These problems include: delay in the remittance of collected revenue to the ...

  8. Space age management for social problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, A. L.

    1973-01-01

    Attempts to apply space age management to social problems were plagued with difficulties. Recent experience in the State of Delaware and in New York City, however, indicate new possibilities. Project management as practiced in NASA was applied with promising results in programs dealing with housing and social services. Such applications are feasible, according to recent research, because project management utilizes social and behavioral approaches, as well as advanced management tools, such as PERT, to achieve results.

  9. Integrating hospital and physician revenue cycle operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lockett, Kevin M

    2014-03-01

    Standardized revenue cycle processes should be a key component of the coordinated care delivery strategy organizations will require to complete the transition to population health management. Integrating hospital and physician revenue cycle operations can help organizations better navigate new payment models, reduce costs, and improve value. The most comprehensive approach involves integrating patient access and registration, coding operations, and receivables management across different settings.

  10. 关于双航段收益管理网络上投标价格法的分析%Analysis of Bid-Price Control for a Two-Leg Airline Revenue Management Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺洪智

    2015-01-01

    本文提出了双航段网络上投标价格法的三种性质:经济互补性、原始-对偶模型解之间的关系和系统的单调性。这些性质可以很好地帮助收益管理人员理解所操作的收益管理系统,从而提升人机互动的效果。%The bid-price method is the most commonly used revenue management method in today’ s airlines. The revenue management staff on the front desk usually doesn ’ t know the internal principle of revenue management systems.This paper puts forward three characteristics of bid-price method of the two-leg revenue management sys-tem:economic complementarity , relationship between the primal-dual solutions , and the monotonicity of the sys-tem.These properties can well enhance the revenue management staff ’ s understanding toward the revenue manage-ment system they operate .

  11. Urban management in China: Problems and solutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YE Jian-ping; ZHANG Yue-song; LI Gui-jun

    2006-01-01

    This essay describes the general situation of the cities in China and analyzes the problems appearing in planning, land use and government behavior in the process of urban management. The key to solving the problems existing in urban management and realizing the delicate growth of the cities in China, in terms of urban economics, urban management theory, public administration and administrative management, lies in standardizing government behavior, coordinating the relationships between the government and the market, improving the planning system, scientifically compiling planning, strengthening the market mechanism and encouraging public participation.

  12. Sorghum Insect Problems and Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chunshan Guo; Wei Cui; Xue Feng; Jianzhou Zhao; Guihua Lu

    2011-01-01

    Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) has high levels of starch, sugar, and fiber and is one of the most important energy crops in the world. Insect damage is one of the challenges that impacts sorghum biomass production. There are at least 150 insect species that can infest sorghum varieties worldwide. These insects can complete several generations within a growing season, they target various parts of sorghum plants at devel- opmental stages, and they cause significant biomass losses. Genetic research has revealed the existence of resistant genetics in sorghum and insect tolerant sorghum varieties have been identified. Various control methods have been developed, yet more effective management is needed for increasing sorghum biomass production. Although there are no transgenic sorghum products on the market yet, biotechnology has been recognized as an important tool for controlling insect pests and increasing sorghum production.

  13. The Application of 3 S Technology in Land Use Revenue Management%3S技术在土地使用税源管理中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    符韶华

    2014-01-01

    利用GIS,RS,GPS等先进技术,以地理信息为载体,以土地衍生税源为主要管理对象,摸清城镇土地使用税税源底数,提高税源监控水平,夯实征管基础,构建“以地控税、信息管税”的税源管理长效机制。%Using GIS, RS, GPS and other advanced technology , taking the geographic information as a carrier and land derived tax sources as the main management object , find out the tax base of urban land use tax , improve the monitoring level of revenue , strength-en the basis of tax collection and management , and build a long-term mechanism of tax source management to control tax by land , manage tax by information .

  14. Problem and Preferred Management Practices Identification Workshop

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patchen, Douglas G.

    2003-03-10

    The goals for this workshop were: to introduce key players in the Appalachian basin oil industry to DOE's new Preferred Upstream Management Practices (PUMP) program; to explain the various elements of our two-year project in detail; to transfer technology through a series of short, invited talks; to identify technical problems and best management practices; and to recruit members for our Preferred Management Practices (PMP) Council.

  15. Six sigma for revenue retrieval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plonien, Cynthia

    2013-01-01

    Deficiencies in revenue retrieval due to failures in obtaining charges have contributed to a negative bottom line for numerous hospitals. Improving documentation practices through a Six Sigma process improvement initiative can minimize opportunities for errors through reviews and instill structure for compliance and consistency. Commitment to the Six Sigma principles with continuous monitoring of outcomes and constant communication of results to departments, management, and payers is a strong approach to reducing the financial impact of denials on an organization's revenues and expenses. Using Six Sigma tools can help improve the organization's financial performance not only for today, but also for health care's uncertain future.

  16. Exploration on Revenues Accounting and Management under New Hospital Accounting System%新《医院会计制度》收入核算与管理探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟玉霞; 陆丽琴

    2014-01-01

    The paper is discussing the meaning of revenues under new hospital accounting system, and the revenues accounting issues existing in actual work, reasonable suggestions are put forward to enhance hospital revenues management under new hospital accounting system.%分析新《医院会计制度》下收入的含义,对实际工作中出现的收入核算问题进行阐述,并对新《医院会计制度》下加强医院收入管理提出了合理化建议。

  17. QUALITY MANAGEMENT: EFFORTS AND PROBLEMS IN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Revenues. Figure 1 Quality and .... soft drinks, beer, and alcohol drinks [15]. In Ethiopian ... Many state'- owned enterprise set .... of Ethiopian manufacturers to adopt such quality standards. ..... The Excellence model focuses on the real issue of.

  18. Nuclear Power: Problems in Information Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaver, William

    1990-01-01

    Discusses the problems encountered at the Duquesne Light Company of Pittsburgh's nuclear power plant as the result of an inability to process information effectively and keep pace with technological change. The creation of a separate division trained and directed to manage the plant's information flows is described and evaluated. (CLB)

  19. Application Research of Hospital Beds Controlling Based on Revenue Management%收益管理在医院床位控制上的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娟

    2013-01-01

    On the basis of feasibility research in hospital beds controlling by using revenue management, the author fund up multi-level dynamic price model which through dividing all patients into different group using differential pricing technology and inventory controlling technology, then analyzed and researched hospital beds' price of Linfen hospital, Shanxi province on the basis of the model the author fund. At last, the author made all use of hospital beds resource and realized revenue maximum.%  在收益管理应用于医院床位控制可行性分析基础上,通过对医院床位需求市场细分,利用收益管理中差别定价和规模控制相关理论和方法,建立了多等级的动态定价模型,对临汾市地区某医院床位需求控制和规模控制进行探索和研究,以充分利用医院床位资源,实现床位服务收入最大化。

  20. Insights of project managers into the problems in project management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Vincent Livesey

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available A Delphi study using project managers who had managed projects in excess of $500 million was used to confirm the significance and frequency of problems resulting from the nature of projects. Using the results obtained from the Delphi study a ranking of the problems experienced in these projects was obtained by calculating a Relative Importance Index. Additionally, the Delphi panel members were asked their views concerning the need for traditional project management skills (hard skills and team management skills (soft skills as project size increased from below $50 million to over $500 million. A substantial increase in the need for both skills was indicated with the increase in the need for soft skills being the most significant.

  1. Marginal revenue transformation in airline seat inventory control with two fare families and two markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kallehauge, Brian

    This paper considers the single-leg airline seat inventory control problem with fare classes divided into two fare families and demand for the fare classes segmented into two markets. The main contribution of this paper is that the seat inventory control problem is solved using the marginal revenue...... (MR) transformation of Fiig et al. (T. Fiig, K. Isler, C. Hopperstad, and P. Belobaba. Optimization of Mixed Fare Structures. Submitted to Journal of Revenue and Pricing Management, 2009), which enables the implementation of the more complex policy in traditional class-based revenue management systems....... The reason for considering a two-market and two-family seat inventory control problem is the objective of airlines such as SAS and Air Canada to serve both the business and leisure market while at the same time controlling sell-up behavior in the undifferentiated fare. A fare family is defined by a set...

  2. Problem-Solving Techniques in the Management of Conflicts among ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Problem-Solving Techniques in the Management of Conflicts among Rural Dwellers in ... skills acquired in problem-solving techniques and conflict management ... Besides, conflict management should involve intensive negotiation, the use of ...

  3. Resource Allocation of Third-party Warehousing Based on Revenue Management and Simulation%基于收益管理和仿真的第三方仓储资源分配

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘燕春; 周明; 陈智民

    2013-01-01

      To solve the capacity design and resource allocation problem at third-party warehousing under uncertain demands, a stochastic mathematical programming model is proposed .It is proved in this paper there exist optimal resource allocation quantities, and the optimal quantity of each class of customer is a decreasing function of unit resource cost, while an increasing function of unit resource revenue and unit lost cost .Because of the complexity for this problem to be solved analytically , a new approach integrating revenue management with discrete-event simulation and response surface methodology is developed .Revenue management is used to implement customer segmentation and construction of resource allocation policies .Simulation is employed to model the stochastic characteristics and evaluate the performance of the system .The optimization of allocation policies and exploration of performance improvement is realized by a statistical experimental technology , response surface methodology . Case study and simulation experiments show that allocating warehousing capacity according to customer segmenta -tion is better than the traditional policy of first come first service , and the combination of revenue management , response surface methodology and simulation can effectively improve system ’ s yield, which validates the approach proposed in this paper.%  针对不确定市场需求条件下第三方仓储资源的能力规划与分配问题,构建随机数学规划模型,理论分析证明了最优资源分配量的存在性,并指出最优资源分配量是单位资源成本的递减函数、单位资源收益和单位损失成本的递增函数。鉴于解析求解的复杂性,基于收益管理思想,结合离散事件仿真技术和响应曲面法,提出一种新的分析求解框架:收益管理用于细分顾客、构建资源分配策略,仿真模型刻画系统随机特性并评估系统绩效指标,响应曲面法则优化分

  4. Assessment of Non-Revenue Water Situation in Mandalay City: Response to the Management of Sustainable Water Supply System in Mandalay City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ser Moe Yi

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Mandalay city is experiencing inefficient use of groundwater resources and inadequate water supply system to residents. The study focused on the issue of non-revenue water (NRW and stakeholders’ perception on its management in order to design the remediation measures for the water lost controls and the sustainable water supply system. A total of 134 samples of water employees, and 383 households were assessed through structured questionnaires. It has been found that more than 50% of the water employees are not aware of the NRW concept. Furthermore, over 90% of the water users are not willing to participate in water management. The WB­EasyCalc software version 4.09 was used to determine NRW and the result of NRW is 46% of the total system input volume. The main causes of water losses in Mandalay city are: 1 a very low pressure system; 2 poor-quality repairs; 3 lack of regular maintenance; 4 water employees’ insufficient knowledge; 5 lack of awareness about the NRW concept; 6 poor customer relationships; and 7 water users’ lack of willingness to participate in the water losses management. Therefore, it is recommended that water utility service efficiency be optimized by giving capacity building to the water employees. It is also recommended that district metering areas (DMA be introduced and good customer relationship be established. This is to improve the water users’ willingness to participate in the water losses management for the efficient use under scarcity groundwater resources and for the sustainable water supply system.

  5. Strategic vehicle fleet management - the replacement problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Redmer

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Fleets constitute the most important production means in transportation. Their appropriate management is crucial for all companies having transportation duties. The paper is the third one of a series of three papers that the author dedicates to the strategic vehicle fleet management topic. Material and methods: The paper discusses ways of building replacement strategies for companies' fleets of vehicles. It means deciding for how long to exploit particular vehicles in a fleet (the fleet replacement problem - FR. The essence of this problem lies in the minimization of vehicle / fleet exploitation costs by balancing ownership and utilization costs and taking into account budget limitations. In the paper an original mathematical model (an optimization method allowing for the FR analysis is proposed. Results: An application of the proposed optimization method in a real-life decision situation (the case study within the Polish environment and the obtained solution are presented. The solution shows that there exist optimal exploitation periods of particular vehicles in a fleet. However, combination of them gives a replacement plan for an entire fleet violating budget constraints. But it is possible to adjust individual age to replacement of particular vehicles to fulfill budget constraints without losing economical optimality of a developed replacement plan for an entire fleet. Conclusions: The paper is the last one of a series of three papers that the author dedicated to the strategic vehicle fleet management topic including the following managerial decision problems: MAKE-or-BUY, sizing / composition and replacement.

  6. Dynamic Flow Management Problems in Air Transportation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, Sarah Stock

    1997-01-01

    In 1995, over six hundred thousand licensed pilots flew nearly thirty-five million flights into over eighteen thousand U.S. airports, logging more than 519 billion passenger miles. Since demand for air travel has increased by more than 50% in the last decade while capacity has stagnated, congestion is a problem of undeniable practical significance. In this thesis, we will develop optimization techniques that reduce the impact of congestion on the national airspace. We start by determining the optimal release times for flights into the airspace and the optimal speed adjustment while airborne taking into account the capacitated airspace. This is called the Air Traffic Flow Management Problem (TFMP). We address the complexity, showing that it is NP-hard. We build an integer programming formulation that is quite strong as some of the proposed inequalities are facet defining for the convex hull of solutions. For practical problems, the solutions of the LP relaxation of the TFMP are very often integral. In essence, we reduce the problem to efficiently solving large scale linear programming problems. Thus, the computation times are reasonably small for large scale, practical problems involving thousands of flights. Next, we address the problem of determining how to reroute aircraft in the airspace system when faced with dynamically changing weather conditions. This is called the Air Traffic Flow Management Rerouting Problem (TFMRP) We present an integrated mathematical programming approach for the TFMRP, which utilizes several methodologies, in order to minimize delay costs. In order to address the high dimensionality, we present an aggregate model, in which we formulate the TFMRP as a multicommodity, integer, dynamic network flow problem with certain side constraints. Using Lagrangian relaxation, we generate aggregate flows that are decomposed into a collection of flight paths using a randomized rounding heuristic. This collection of paths is used in a packing integer

  7. The governance of natural resources: Issues affecting better management of revenues and distribution of benefits within Papua New Guinea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hitelai Polume-Kiele

    2014-09-01

    The focus of the article’s discussion is on governance and management issues that affect the distribution of benefits, delivery of essential services to rural areas of PNG, stability within government, and the expectations of landowners.

  8. The governance of natural resources: Issues affecting better management of revenues and distribution of benefits within Papua New Guinea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hitelai Polume-Kiele

    2014-09-01

    The focus of the article’s discussion is on governance and management issues that affect the distribution of benefits, delivery of essential services to rural areas of PNG, stability within government, and the expectations of landowners.

  9. Analysis and Evaluation of University Revenue Management and Fund-raising Capacity%高校收入管理与筹资能力的分析与评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张曾莲

    2012-01-01

      University revenue composes of funding and self-generated, as incomes demand increase and revenue funding reduce, university revenue management become more and more attention. Revenue is the economic basis of university engaged in teaching and research, income management and fund-raising capacity are great significance to university's long-term development. Size, structure and level of revenue are reasonable or not, how is financing capabilities, what are income factors, these issues are worth noting.%  高校收入由拨款和自筹构成,随着收入需求的增加和拨款收入的减少,高校越来越重视收入管理。收入是高校从事教学、科研的经济基础,收入管理水平和筹资能力对高校的长远发展意义重大。收入的规模、结构和水平是否合理,筹资能力如何,收入的影响因素有哪些,这些问题都值得深入探讨。

  10. Software Configuration Management Problems and Solutions to Software Variability Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendix, Lars Gotfred

    2003-01-01

    These days more and more software is produced as product families. Products that have a lot in common, but all the same vary slightly in one or more aspects. Developing and maintaining these product families is a complex task. Software configuration management (SCM) can, in general, support...... the development and evolution of one single software product and to some degree also supports the concept of variants. It would be interesting to explore to what degree SCM already has solutions to some of the problems of product families and what are the problems where SCM has to invent new techniques to support...

  11. Problem reporting management system performance simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vannatta, David S.

    1993-01-01

    This paper proposes the Problem Reporting Management System (PRMS) model as an effective discrete simulation tool that determines the risks involved during the development phase of a Trouble Tracking Reporting Data Base replacement system. The model considers the type of equipment and networks which will be used in the replacement system as well as varying user loads, size of the database, and expected operational availability. The paper discusses the dynamics, stability, and application of the PRMS and addresses suggested concepts to enhance the service performance and enrich them.

  12. FUTURE WATER MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS IN ASIAN MEGACITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dieter Prinz

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Today, about half of the world population lives in urban areas and in the coming 20 years, urbanization is expected to increase steadily, especially in the Developing World. Based on UN data and projections, about 4 out of the 5 billion world urban population will live in developing countries by 2030. Large cities in the Developing World face the problem of unplanned growth, coupled with the financial and operational inability to offer the public services needed to sustain a decent life in urban environments. Water is one of those essential commodities which is often short in supply and/or of low quality. Additionally, flood poses a threat to urban dwellers during rainy season. The water management challenges in tropical urban areas today and in the decades to come can be characterized by (1 fighting physical shortcomings in water resources, (2 coping with contamination of groundwater, rivers, lakes, and reservoirs by domestic, agricultural or industrial waste and waste water, (3 mitigating environmental impacts of water extraction (such as loss of wetlands, subsidence and seawater intrusion , (4 preventing / mastering flood situations and (5 overcoming administrative and financial strains and operational incapacities. Solutions to the problems of urban water in 20 years time are to be found in supply side and demand side measures. The first group includes (1 optimal use of surface water and groundwater resources, (2 pollution protection, (3 watershed management and (4 more water storage. The second group includes (1 educational training, (2 technological innovation, (3 water conservation and (4 water pricing.

  13. Strategic vehicle fleet management - the composition problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Redmer

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Fleets constitute the most important production means in transportation. Their appropriate management is crucial for all companies having transportation duties. The paper is the second one of a series of three papers that the author dedicates to the strategic vehicle fleet management topic. Material and methods: The paper discusses ways of building companies' fleets of vehicles. It means deciding on the number of vehicles in a fleet (the fleet sizing problem - FS and types of vehicles in a fleet (the fleet composition problem - FC. The essence of both problems lies in balancing transportation supply and demand taking into account different demand types to be fulfilled and different vehicle types that can be put into a fleet. Vehicles, which can substitute each other while fulfilling different demand types. In the paper an original mathematical model (an optimization method allowing for the FS/FC analysis is proposed. Results: An application of the proposed optimization method in a real-life decision situation (the case study within the Polish environment and the obtained solution are presented. The solution shows that there exist some best fitted (optimal fleet size / composition matching company's transportation requirements. An optimal fleet size / composition allows for a significantly higher fleet utilization (10-15% higher than any other, including random fleet structure. Moreover, any changes in the optimal fleet size / composition, even small ones, result in a lower utilization of vehicles (lower by a few percent. Conclusions: The presented in this paper analysis, on the one hand, is consistent with a widespread opinion that the number of vehicle types in a fleet should be limited. In the other words it means that the versatility / interchangeability of vehicles is very important. On the other hand, the analysis proves that even small changes in a fleet size / fleet composition can result in an important changes of the fleet

  14. 信息化推动非税收入精细化管理探析%The Study about Information Technology Foster the Fine Management of Non--tax Revenue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张子龙; 胡佶熹

    2012-01-01

    Non-tax revenue, as the essential part of financial management, is very necessary to become scientific and fine when the fine management is used in every industry of our country. Directing to the current situation of non-tax revenue's collecting in many places, this article has analysis the difficulties and disadvantages of information-fostered fine management for non-tax revenue and it also provided solutions for responded divisions, so as to improve the effect of non-tax revenue' s collecting.%精细化管理在全国各个行业全面铺开,非税收入作为财政管理的重要内容,科学精细化非常有必要。本文针对当前各地非税收入征收现状,分析了信息化推动非税收入精细化管理的难点和不足,并为相关部门提出了解决对策,以期提高非税收入的征收效率。

  15. The problem of current toxic chemicals management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tickner, Joel; Geiser, Ken

    2004-01-01

    In this article, we explore the limitations of current chemicals management policies worldwide and the evolution of new European, International and U.S. policies to address the problem of toxic chemicals control. It is becoming increasingly apparent that current chemicals management policies in Europe and the United States are inadequate. There is a general lack of toxicity and exposure information on chemicals in commerce and the vast majority of chemicals were considered safe until proven guilty in legislation. Governments must then prove each chemical is dangerous through a slow and resource-intensive risk assessment process. For more than a decade, Nordic countries, such as Denmark and Sweden, have actively promoted integrated chemicals policies to address contamination of critical waterways. They have successfully used a variety of voluntary and mandatory policy tools, such as education, procurement, lists of chemicals of concern, eco-labeling, research and development on safer substitutes, and chemical phase-out requirements, to encourage companies using chemicals to reduce their reliance on harmful substances and to develop safer substitutes. While previously isolated to particular countries, innovative and exciting European-wide policies to promote sustainable chemicals management are now moving forward, including the recently published draft Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of CHemicals (REACH) policy of the European Union. A sweeping change in chemicals management policies in Europe is inevitable and it will ultimately affect manufacturers in the U.S. and globally. The European movement provides an opportunity to initiate a discussion on integrated chemicals policy in the U.S. where some innovative initiatives already are underway.

  16. 施工企业应用资金收支两条线管理模式的意义%Significance of Construction Enterprise Application Revenue and Expendture Management of Funds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦秀艳

    2012-01-01

    本文介绍了企业资金收支两条线管理模式的定义和运用措施,阐述了其在施工企业资金集中管理中应用的重要意义,%The article presents the definition and applying measures of management model of revenue and expenditure of fund, and elaborates the significance of applying it in fund management of construction enterprise.

  17. Piracy and Movie Revenues

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peukert, Christian; Claussen, Jörg; Kretschmer, Tobias

    In this paper we make use of a quasi-experiment in the market for illegal downloading to study movie box office revenues. Exogenous variation comes from the unexpected shutdown of the popular file hosting platform Megaupload.com on January 19, 2012. The estimation strategy is based on a quasi dif...... for the theoretical perspective of (social) network effects where file-sharing acts as a mechanism to spread information about a good from consumers with zero or low willingness to pay to users with high willingness to pay....... difference-in-differences approach. We compare box office revenues before and after the shutdown to a matched control group of movies unaffected by the shutdown. We find that the shutdown had a negative, yet insignificant effect on box office revenues.This counterintuitive result may suggest support...

  18. Mineral fibre problems: a management view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardie, H D

    1980-01-01

    Fibre is a form of matter that imparts exclusive properties to end-products; however, most fibres have been associated with health problems. Although management has a responsibility to ensure the safety of products and processes, data on which to base risk-equation decisions are often inadequate. The limitations of current dust measurement technology suggest that apparently precise numerical exposure data are as subjective as use of the terms 'heavy', 'moderate' or 'light'. Control of any useful but hazardous material is preferable to the ultimate sanction of prohibition. The man-made mineral fibre industry and national and international regulatory agencies should learn from the asbestos industry. It is suggested that a process of consultation, rather than one of confrontation, is more likely to produce widely acceptable solutions in each generation.

  19. 新《医院财务制度》下收支管理与内控制度浅析%Discussion on relationship between revenue and expenditure management and internal control system under new hospital finance system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春

    2011-01-01

    New hospital finance system has been issued and hospital finance management will faces new regulations. Hospital at all levels will promote hospital internal control system hy establishing total budget system to effectively manage hospital revenue and expenditure. Key points of hospital revenue and expenditure management in new hospital finance system are discussed. The functions of a complete internal control system on assuring effective hospital revenue and management and budget management are analyzed. Finally, how to establish total budget system is mentioned.%新已经颁布,对医院财务管理提出新的要求.各级医院通过建立全面预算体系,来健全医院内部内控制度,从而让医院实现有效的收入与支出管理.文章论述了新制度下的收支管理的节点;内部控制制度健全对收支管理和预算管理的保证作用以及如何建立科学合理的全面预算体系.

  20. Stochastic Modeling of Airlines' Scheduled Services Revenue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamed, M. M.

    1999-01-01

    Airlines' revenue generated from scheduled services account for the major share in the total revenue. As such, predicting airlines' total scheduled services revenue is of great importance both to the governments (in case of national airlines) and private airlines. This importance stems from the need to formulate future airline strategic management policies, determine government subsidy levels, and formulate governmental air transportation policies. The prediction of the airlines' total scheduled services revenue is dealt with in this paper. Four key components of airline's scheduled services are considered. These include revenues generated from passenger, cargo, mail, and excess baggage. By addressing the revenue generated from each schedule service separately, air transportation planners and designers are able to enhance their ability to formulate specific strategies for each component. Estimation results clearly indicate that the four stochastic processes (scheduled services components) are represented by different Box-Jenkins ARIMA models. The results demonstrate the appropriateness of the developed models and their ability to provide air transportation planners with future information vital to the planning and design processes.

  1. Engaged Problem Formulation of IT Management in Danish Municipalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    Municipalities’ effectiveness in managing information technology (IT) is increasingly important in adhering to their responsibilities for providing services to citizens. While the municipalities’ difficulty in managing IT has been well documented, it is more elusive what specific problems are most...... relevant in contemporary municipal IT management practice. On this basis, we present an engaged scholarship approach to formulate IT management problems together with municipalities - not for municipalities. We have come to understand such engaged problem formulation as joint researching and defining...... of a contemporary and complex problem by researchers and those who experience and know the problem. We present the formulated IT management problems and discuss the engaged problem formulation process in relation to engaged scholarship. Furthermore, we discuss how engaged problem formulation may contribute...

  2. Problems of Syrdarya river basin management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Serdar EYEBERENOV; Baijing CAO; Fengting LI

    2009-01-01

    Prior to independence, Central Asian countries were closely interconnected through the regional management incorporating water, energy, and food sectors. This approach, supported by the central government of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), functioned effectively - meeting the needs of both upstream and downstream countries. However, after independence, Central Asian countries started prioritizing their own economic development policies without due account to regional concerns such as joint use of water resources, leading to instability.In this study, the case of Syrdarya basin was investigated to show how,such strategies create tension in the region, since primary focus is given to national interests, without consideration for regional problems. To address this issue, an integrated approach to incorporating water,energy, and agriculture is needed. It is suggested that a single sector approach on water alone does not lead to stability, and a multi-sectoral approach is necessary to ensure sustainable development. Countries sharing benefits from the river have to be responsible for costs of operation and maintenance of the water facilities.

  3. Evolution of managerial problems from the perspective of management science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marek Szarucki

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Managerial problems and the process of their solving play an important role both in the theory of management science and practice of organisations’ functioning. There is a gap in the literature related to the evolution of management problems in the context of the methodological approaches to solve them. The main goal of this paper was to analyse the evolution of the managerial problems from the perspective of management science and to present dominant methodological approaches for problem solving. Based on the extensive literature analysis in the discipline of management science, the evolution of the managerial problems was described with relation to the sixteen streams of management science. The author reviewed the selected classifications of the management theory as well as proposed his own perspective, which took into account managerial problems and their evolution over time. Moreover, there was presented an attempt to depict sources of management problems from the historical perspective within the methodological approaches of management science. Despite the broad view on management problems presented in this paper, such perspective gives a good ground for developing new more specific problem classifications, addressing different facets of managerial problems.

  4. ASSESSMENT OF SMALL BUSINESSES DEVELOPMENT IN THE KRASNODAR REGION AND PROBLEMS OF THEIR FUNCTIONING AND MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baranovskaya T. P.

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Small businesses play a special role in the development of the state economy: the national budget from taxes, increasing the welfare of the population, the question of employment, the formation of competitive environment, cost containment and improving the quality of goods and services. In this regard, become topical issues related to the creation of favorable conditions for the functioning and development of management tools and mechanisms of development of organizations of this segment of the economy. This work aims to identify the key problems of functioning of small business organizations through the assessment of the development of this segment in the economy of the Krasnodar region. For the evaluation of small business development in the Krasnodar region we used basic unit of economic analysis aimed at determining the major trends of change in number of organizations average number of employees, revenues, as well as a number of relative indicators in the whole segment and by major activities. It was determined that the number of small businesses in the Krasnodar region for three years practically did not change, whereas a decrease in the number of workers employed in this segment, revenue has a small tendency to increase. In the structure of the segment is dominated by micro-enterprises, 47% operate in the trade sector. Indicators of development of small business organizations meet the classification criteria in terms of revenue for microenterprises and their share in total number of companies this segment is 1%. The results of the study say the lack of a clear strategy from small businesses, due to unavailability of tools for its development, expressed the high value of the resource and, as a consequence, ignoring this question when organizing the activities of enterprises. Therefore, the question becomes more urgent the development of tools of business modeling and strategic planning adapted to the requirements of this segment

  5. Gross revenue risk in Swiss dairy farming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Benni, N; Finger, R

    2013-02-01

    This study investigated how agricultural policy reforms, including market liberalization and market deregulation, have influenced gross revenue risk of Swiss dairy producers using farm-level panel data between 1990 and 2009. Based on detrended data, variance decomposition was applied to assess how output prices and yields contributed to revenue risk over 3 different periods: the whole period (1990-2009), the first decade (1990-1999), and the second decade (1999-2009). In addition, the effect of expected changes in animal-based support for roughage-consuming cattle and price volatility on revenue risk was evaluated using a simulation model. Prices were the main contributor to revenue risk, even if the importance of yield risk increased over time. Swiss dairy producers can profit from natural hedge but market deregulation and market liberalization have reduced the natural hedge at the farm level. An increase in price volatility would substantially increase revenue risk and would, together with the abandonment of direct payments, reduce the comparative advantage of dairy production for risk-averse decision makers. Depending on other available risk management strategies, price risk management instruments might be a valuable solution for Swiss dairy producers in the future.

  6. Research on the Revenue Management for Urban Distribution Based on the Concentration of Delivery Location%基于需求集散度分析的城市配送收益管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱晗光; 陈久梅

    2015-01-01

    在论述收益管理应用于城市配送可行性的基础上,分析需求集散度对城市配送服务能力和成本的影响,说明城市配送服务能力随需求地理位置集中而提高、平均成本随需求地理位置集中而降低,然后构建了考虑需求集散度的城市配送收益管理模型,阐述城市配送收益管理的构成要素,最后对城市收益管理的实现流程进行分析,为收益管理在城市配送中的应用提供参考。%After discussing the feasibility of revenue management being applied to urban distribution,the impact of the delivery location concentration on the distribution capacity and cost is analyzed. It indicates the service capability is increasing and the average cost is decreasing with the geographic concentration of delivery location. Then the revenue management model for urban distribution considering the concentration of the delivery location is built and the elements in the model are described. At last,the process of the revenue management for the urban distribution is analyzed.

  7. Practice and Experience of Fixed Assets Management of “Two Lines of Revenue and Expenditure” in the Public Hospital%公立医院“收支两条线”固定资产管理的实践与体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁慧敏; 黄湘漪

    2012-01-01

    Fixed assets management plays important role in the development of the hospital. Different hospitals use different fixed assets management method. The article analyzes the current situation and existing many problems and gives some rational suggestions on fixed assets management of "two lines of revenue and expenditure" of the public hospital.%医院固定资产管理对医院的生存和发展起着非常重要的作用,不同医院在固定资产的管理上也不尽相同.文章针对公立医院“收支两条线”固定资产管理的现状和问题进行了分析,并对存在的问题提出了相应的对策.

  8. Electric sales and revenue 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the US. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1996. 16 figs., 20 tabs.

  9. Failure Mode and Effect Analysis in Increasing the Revenue of Emergency Department

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farhad Rahmati

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Successful performance of emergency department(ED is one of the important indications of increasing the satisfaction among referees. The insurance of such successful performance is fiscal discipline and avoiding from non-beneficial activities in this department. Therefore, the increasing revenue of emergency department is one of the interested goals of hospital management system. According to above-mentioned, the researchers assessed problems lead to loss the revenue of ED and eliminate them by using failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA.Methods: This was the prospective cohort study performed during 18 months, set in 6 phases. In the first phase, the failures were determined and some solutions suggested to eliminate them. During 2-5 phases, based on the prioritizing the problems, solutions were performed. In the sixth phase, final assessment of the study was done. Finally, the feedback of system’s revenue was evaluated and data analyzed using repeated measure ANOVA.Results: Lack of recording the consuming instrument and attribution of separate codes for emergency services of hospitalized patients were the most important failures that lead to decrease the revenue of ED. Such elimination caused to 75.9% increase in revenue within a month (df = 1.6; F = 84.0; p<0.0001.  Totally, 18 months following the eliminating of failures caused to 328.2% increase in the revenue of ED (df = 15.9; F = 215; p<0.0001.Conclusion: The findings of the present study shows that failure mode and effect analysis, can be used as a safe and effected method to reduce the expenses of ED and increase its revenue.

  10. Applying Graph Theory to Problems in Air Traffic Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrahi, Amir Hossein; Goldbert, Alan; Bagasol, Leonard Neil; Jung, Jaewoo

    2017-01-01

    Graph theory is used to investigate three different problems arising in air traffic management. First, using a polynomial reduction from a graph partitioning problem, it is shown that both the airspace sectorization problem and its incremental counterpart, the sector combination problem are NP-hard, in general, under several simple workload models. Second, using a polynomial time reduction from maximum independent set in graphs, it is shown that for any fixed e, the problem of finding a solution to the minimum delay scheduling problem in traffic flow management that is guaranteed to be within n1-e of the optimal, where n is the number of aircraft in the problem instance, is NP-hard. Finally, a problem arising in precision arrival scheduling is formulated and solved using graph reachability. These results demonstrate that graph theory provides a powerful framework for modeling, reasoning about, and devising algorithmic solutions to diverse problems arising in air traffic management.

  11. Time management problems and discounted utility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    König, Cornelius J; Kleinmann, Martin

    2007-05-01

    The lens of behavioral decision theory offers a new perspective for research on time management. The basic idea of this approach is that people discount future consequences of their time management decisions, meaning that they work on tasks with smaller but sooner outcomes rather than on tasks with larger but later outcomes. The authors performed 2 experimental studies to test whether people are sensitive to differences in the discounted utility of time management decisions. In Experiment 1, they used vignettes of typical time management situations; Experiment 2 was a laboratory simulation (an in-basket task that was part of a training assessment). Participants in both studies were German students. As expected, manipulating the discounted utility of options resulted in different time management decisions. In Experiment 1, reactions to time management situations were judged as less likely if the reactions had lower discounted utilities. In Experiment 2, people spent less time on an interruption.

  12. Confronting the wicked problem of managing biological invasions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darragh J. Woodford

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The Anthropocene Epoch is characterized by novel and increasingly complex dependencies between the environment and human civilization, with many challenges of biodiversity management emerging as wicked problems. Problems arising from the management of biological invasions can be either tame (with simple or obvious solutions or wicked, where difficulty in appropriately defining the problem can make complete solutions impossible to find. We review four case studies that reflect the main goals in the management of biological invasions – prevention, eradication, and impact reduction – assessing the drivers and extent of wickedness in each. We find that a disconnect between the perception and reality of how wicked a problem is can profoundly influence the likelihood of successful management. For example, managing species introductions can be wicked, but shifting from species-focused to vector-focused risk management can greatly reduce the complexity, making it a tame problem. The scope and scale of the overall management goal will also dictate the wickedness of the problem and the achievability of management solutions (cf. eradication and ecosystem restoration. Finally, managing species that have both positive and negative impacts requires engagement with all stakeholders and scenario-based planning. Effective management of invasions requires either recognizing unavoidable wickedness, or circumventing it by seeking alternative management perspectives.

  13. Revenue Management Model for High-Speed Railway Based on Traveler Choice%基于旅客选择的高速铁路客运收益管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张力; 蓝伯雄

    2012-01-01

    本文旨在探讨收益管理在高速铁路客运中的应用,给出了存在多级票价时,考虑旅客选择行为的铁路客运收益管理模型,优化结果能够同时给出发车指令和座位出售限制.利用模拟数据对模型进行了数值试验,表明在不同路段长度下,考虑旅客选择行为的总收益较需求独立模型均有所提高,且随着票价等级增多而增长.%This paper deals with the application of revenue management to high-speed railway industry. We present a railway passenger revenue management model considering traveler choice behavior in case of multi-fare. The result gives the booking limits of each fare class and train scheduling as well. Numerical experiments on simulation data show that total revenue of the choice model is higher than those of independent demand, and surges with the increase of fare classes.

  14. Enrollment Management as a Portfolio Investment Problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Robert E.

    2000-01-01

    Presents an information technology model designed to enable the consideration of enrollment management decisions in a portfolio context. Annual enrollment management decisions represent an important investment in a college's reputation. While the short run imperative to fill each incoming class is important, the long run implications of each…

  15. E-waste: Environmental Problems and Current Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Aktsoglou

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the environmental problems related with the discarded electronic appliances, known as e-waste, are reviewed.Moreover, the current and the future production of e-waste, the potential environmental problems associated with theirdisposal and management practices are discussed whereas the existing e-waste management schemes in Greece and othercountries (Japan, Switzerland are also quoted.

  16. Logic of management of strategic problems of the enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivahnenko Aleksandr Vladimirovich

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Problems of management by firm in the conditions of changes are considered, types of strategic problems, logic of constructions of system of strategic management are allocated. Principles of formation of strategy of firm and a strategy choice in conditions not full definiteness are defined.

  17. Group Search Optimizer for the Mobile Location Management Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We propose a diversity-guided group search optimizer-based approach for solving the location management problem in mobile computing. The location management problem, which is to find the optimal network configurations of management under the mobile computing environment, is considered here as an optimization problem. The proposed diversity-guided group search optimizer algorithm is realized with the aid of diversity operator, which helps alleviate the premature convergence problem of group search optimizer algorithm, a successful optimization algorithm inspired by the animal behavior. To address the location management problem, diversity-guided group search optimizer algorithm is exploited to optimize network configurations of management by minimizing the sum of location update cost and location paging cost. Experimental results illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

  18. Group Search Optimizer for the Mobile Location Management Problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Dan; Xiong, Congcong; Huang, Wei

    2014-01-01

    We propose a diversity-guided group search optimizer-based approach for solving the location management problem in mobile computing. The location management problem, which is to find the optimal network configurations of management under the mobile computing environment, is considered here as an optimization problem. The proposed diversity-guided group search optimizer algorithm is realized with the aid of diversity operator, which helps alleviate the premature convergence problem of group search optimizer algorithm, a successful optimization algorithm inspired by the animal behavior. To address the location management problem, diversity-guided group search optimizer algorithm is exploited to optimize network configurations of management by minimizing the sum of location update cost and location paging cost. Experimental results illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. PMID:25180199

  19. PROBLEMS OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT WITHIN A REAL ESTATE DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitriy A. Bryksin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article describes problems of organization management within a real estate development, the analysis of this problems and the methods of its solution based on the Balanced Scorecard. In present unsteady conditions of business development, commercial activity faces a number of problems. The main types are: the problem of lack of funding, the problem of the growth of a company, the company’s management problem, the problem of business processes, and the problem of the decision-making. As a method to solve the problems is proposed an introduction of the balanced scorecard (BSC, which allows accurately feel the slightest changes in the company, deviation from the planned strategies and adjust the direction of the motion during the life of the company.

  20. 在线收益管理的动态售票策略及竞争分析%Competitive analysis of dynamic online booking policies in revenue management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪冠群; 徐寅峰

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we researched three cases of revenue management within airline industry based on the types of passengers. Taking into account the uncertainty of demand and arrival process of passengers, we considered this RM problem from the perspective of online strategy and competitive analysis. A class of online booking policies dynamically adjusting to the set of orders previously offered at any point in time is proposed. We prove that this class of policies is the best one and compare the difference between these policies and another static online booking policy from a practical point of view. Although these two classes of policies have the same competitive ratios, their performance guarantees may be different facing certain instances.%基于乘客的价格类型,讨论了航空领域收益管理的三个情形.针对不同类型乘客的需求以及到达信息不可预知的特点,从在线策略与竞争分析的角度,分别为三种情形设计了根据已到信息动态调整的在线售票策略,并证明了策略的最优竞争性能.同时比较了该类动态策略与一类静态策略的优劣性,并指出:对于不同的需求序列,两类策略具有不同的竞争性能.

  1. Some problems of forest management of Georgia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Patarkalashvili

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Forests are the most important resource of our planet. The usefulness of forests is spread from commercial exploitation of them for timber and other products to maintenance of wildlife, ecological balance, prevention of soil erosion, etc. In achieving these goals the essential factor is the proper forest management. Forest management is a system of actions for supplying different products and services for society. In developed countries forest management tends to be elaborated and planned in order to achieve the objectives that are considered desirable for environment and economy. Forests are the most biologically diverse land ecosystems that can supply different products and services. The working of this system is influenced by the natural environment, climate, topography, soil, etc., and also by human action. Forests have been and are managed to obtain the traditional forest products: fire wood, fiber for paper, building timber etc. with little thinking for other products and services. Nevertheless, as a result from the development of ecology science and environmental awareness, management of forests for multiple use is becoming more common. Public concern regarding forest management have shifted from the extraction of timber for earning money for the economy, to the preservation of additional forest resources, including wildlife, soil and water conservation, recreation etc. Forests are the repositories of aesthetic, ethical cultural and religious values.

  2. Methodology of problem space modeling in industrial enterprise management system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.V. Glushchevsky

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to develop methodological principles for building a problem space model which can be integrated into industrial enterprise management system. The results of the analysis. The author developed methodological principles for constructing the problem space of an industrial enterprise as a structural and functional model. These problems appear on enterprise business process network topology and can be solved by its management system. The centerpiece of the article is description of the main stages of implementation of modeling methodology of industrial enterprise typical management problems. These stages help to solve several units of organizational management system structure of enterprise within their functional competence. Author formulated an axiom system of structural and characteristic properties of modeling space problems elements, and interconnections between them. This system of axioms is actually a justification for the correctness and adequacy of the proposed modeling methodology and comes as theoretical basis in the construction of the structural and functional model of the management problems space. This model generalizes three basic structural components of the enterprise management system with the help of axioms system: a three-dimensional model of the management problem space (the first dimension is the enterprise business process network, the second dimension is a set of management problems, the third dimension is four vectors of measurable and qualitative characteristics of management problems, which can be analyzed and managed during enterprise functioning; a two-dimensional model of the cybernetic space of analytical problems, which are formalized form of management problems (multivariate model experiments can be implemented with the help of this model to solve wide range of problem situations and determine the most effective or optimal management solutions; a two-dimensional model

  3. Manage costs and revenues by achieving continuous measurement certainty with the Auto-Adjust Turbo Meter; Gerez les couts et les recettes en acquerant une certitude continuelle de mesure grace au Auto-Adjust Turbo Meter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, D. [Invensys Energy Metering, Pennsylvania (United States)

    2000-07-01

    Uncertainty in flow measurement and its consequent ramifications are accepted as normal costs of transporting and distributing natural gas. However, a notable advancement in turbine meter technology, pioneered by Invensys Energy Metering, uses two rotors in a tandem configuration to offer unique capabilities beyond those of the tried-and-proven, single-rotor turbine. A flow meter, which monitors its own performance and adjusts its measurement, on a real-time basis, for any deviations from its initial calibration, could largely eliminate many of the costs and lost revenue associated with flow metering and measurement uncertainty. The dual-rotor turbine, trade named the Auto-Adjust Turbo Meter (AAT), is such a flow meter; it provides Continuous Measurement Certainty, with the accompanying potential for enhanced management of costs and revenues. Proprietary algorithms in the AAT's secondary electronics correlate the velocities of the main rotor and the downstream sensing rotor, over the full range of the meter's rated capacity and pressure, such that a real-time adjustment to the indicated volume corrects it to the actual volume. Improved gas accountability results, and substantial savings related to meter site visits, meter testing and repair, preventive maintenance programs, and measurement disputes can be realized. Test data and case histories from a broad range of end users are related to demonstrate areas of potential savings and revenue recovery. (author)

  4. Vertical integration strategies: revenue effects in hospital and Medicare markets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cody, M

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the revenue effects of seven vertically integrated strategies on California hospitals. The strategies investigated were managed care contracts, physician affiliations, ambulatory care, ambulatory surgery, home health services, inpatient rehabilitation, and skilled nursing care. The study population included 242 not-for-profit hospitals in continuous operation from 1983 to 1990. Many hospitals developed vertically integrated programs in the 1980s as inpatient utilization fell in response to the Medicare Prospective Payment program. Net revenue rose on average by $2,080 from 1983 to 1990, but fell by $2,421 from the Medicare program. On the whole, the more physicians affiliated with a hospital, the higher the net revenue. However, in the Medicare population, the number of managed care contracts was significant. The pre-hospital strategies generated significant revenue, while the post-hospital strategies did not. In the Medicare program, inpatient rehabilitation significantly reduced revenue.

  5. Seigniorage revenue and Turkish economy

    OpenAIRE

    Levent, Korap

    2006-01-01

    In our paper, we try to investigate the courses of inflation tax and seigniorage revenue for policy makers of the Turkish economy. For this purpose, we first construct an ex-ante seigniorage revenue maximizing inflation model, and then calculate annual inflation tax and seigniorage revenues for the post-1980 period Turkish economy. Following these theoretical issues, an empirical model is constructed upon the Turkish economy, and our expost estimation results reveal that inside the period con...

  6. 借助客房收益管理 实现酒店内控目标%Realizing the Goal of Internal Control by Means of Hotel Room Revenue Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐卫红; 吴晓匀; 黄静

    2012-01-01

    The star hotels in Hainan have not taken market factors into consideration and are lack of sci- entificity of advanced planning and timeliness in guest room pricing and management. It is proposed that these hotels set up specialized revenue management organizations to promote the management effectiveness by doing the jobs of market analyses and prediction, and developing and introducing revenue management systems.%海南省星级酒店收益管理中存在客房定价脱离市场、预测科学性不高、客房销售缺乏事先谋略、动态管理及时性不够等问题。应充分发挥海南酒店独特优势,重视客房收益管理工作,成立专门收益管理组织机构,做好市场分析、预测工作,开发、引进收益管理系统,提高管理效益。

  7. Income and managing problems of the protected areas in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    n 2000, the authors collected a great quantity of relevant data by investigating more than 50 nature reserves. Based on the analysis of development and management situation of the protected areas in China, the main problems were put forward, such as, no unified management for income and managing activities, lack of special guideline and effective supervision, lack of income and investment, investing financial difference in different provinces. All these problems caused the lack of funds for construction, as well as the damage of resources and environment. Furthermore the conserving activities have to transmit to the profits in many protected areas. Combined with these problems, the primary solution programmers also were put forward.

  8. Electric sales and revenue 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-10-01

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the US. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1997. 16 figs., 17 tabs.

  9. Electric sales and revenue 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-11-01

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the United States. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1994.

  10. Problems and Countermeasures in the Modernization of Archives Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhou Jianjun

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The development of archival work and high technology inevitably leads to the modernization of archives management. The study of this trend, the design the modern management mode, the updates of the archives management concepts and ways, are the common tasks of archives management department, thus there is an urgent need for the research being carried out both in theory and practice in this field. This study analyses the existing problems in the modernization of archives management and provides solutions on how to improve and refine the modernization of archives management in “integration, digitization and intellectualization”.

  11. E-waste: Environmental Problems and Current Management

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    D. Aktsoglou; K. Angelakoglou; G. Gaidajis

    2010-01-01

    ..., are reviewed.Moreover, the current and the future production of e-waste, the potential environmental problems associated with theirdisposal and management practices are discussed whereas the existing e-waste...

  12. Managing people problems in changing to computerized text processing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Walker, T.R.

    1980-01-01

    Change is always both a promise and a threat. Changing to a computerized text processing system is, from a management viewpoint, mostly a promise; but from an employee viewpoint, mostly a threat. A variety of people problems arise from such a changeover because of the perceived threats involved. Most of these problems can be expected, so that, by proper management, their effects can be reduced or eliminated.

  13. Optimize APC revenue with process-oriented assessments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovar, Michael S; Lowery, Elizabeth

    2002-04-01

    To maintain or improve revenue streams under the Medicare outpatient prospective payment system (PPS), healthcare financial managers should use a process-oriented approach to assess the effectiveness of revenue capture in departments most affected by the PPS's use of ambulatory patient classifications, which typically include the radiology, cardiology, and emergency departments. Such an assessment should be conducted by a multidisciplinary team with senior management support. The team ideally should include the CFO, COO, and leaders from the departments to be assessed. Such an assessment process should consist of five basic phases: chargemaster/charge-capture analysis, revenue-capture process assessment, claims review, development of implementation strategies, and monitoring.

  14. Electrode and device problems: manifestation and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twomey, T; Archbold, S

    1997-11-01

    A total of 119 children were implanted with the Nucleus 22 implant on the Nottingham program by March 1996. Twenty-five (i.e. 21%) of these had an electrophysiologically confirmed fault on at least 1 channel and 6 (i.e. 5%) had experienced total device failure. How these problems were first manifested and what the subsequent effects were on the child and family were determined by means of questionnaires and detailed examination of clinical notes. Our findings indicated that 76% of all internal device faults were initially detected in tuning or electrophysiological measurement. All parents expressed deep anxiety about the threat of device failure; cases of total failure occurring over a long period of time resulted in the greatest distress and effect on the family. Recommendations are made for companies to assist clinics in minimizing such effects.

  15. A Study of Urgency Vehicle Routing Disruption Management Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuping Wang

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available If a transit vehicle breaks down on a schedule trip, there are some vehicles in the system need to serve this trip and the former plan must be changed. For solving the urgency vehicle routing problem with disruption that may be vehicle breakdowns or traffic accidents in the logistics distribution system, through the analysis of the problem and the disruption measurement, the mathematics model is given based on the thought of disruption management. For the characteristics of the problem, a Lagrangian relaxation is given to simplify the model, and decompose the problem into two parts. The Lagrangian multiplier is given by subgradient method and the subproblems are solved by saving approach to gain the initial solution. A fast insertion algorithm is given to obtain a feasible solution for the primal problem. The results show that the algorithm designed in this paper performs very well for solving the urgency vehicle routing disruption management problem.

  16. The Problems of project management software implementation in construction corporations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kagan Pavel

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the main problems facing many companies, implementing software project management activities have been working construction corporation. The company transferred the task performing the activities for the implementation, as well as its purpose. Revealed rules that must be followed to achieve the best results in the implementation of software project management.

  17. Problem Solving Teams in a Total Quality Management Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Towler, Constance F.

    1993-01-01

    Outlines the problem-solving team training process used at Harvard University (Massachusetts), including the size and formation of teams, roles, and time commitment. Components of the process are explained, including introduction to Total Quality Management (TQM), customer satisfaction, meeting management, Parker Team Player Survey, interactive…

  18. Refeeding syndrome: problems with definition and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crook, Martin A

    2014-01-01

    Refeeding syndrome (RFS) broadly encompasses a severe electrolyte disturbance (principally low serum concentrations of intracellular ions such as phosphate, magnesium, and potassium) and metabolic abnormalities in undernourished patients undergoing refeeding whether orally, enterally, or parenterally. RFS reflects the change from catabolic to anabolic metabolism. RFS sometimes is undiagnosed and unfortunately some clinicians remain oblivious to its presence. This is particularly concerning as RFS is a life-threatening condition, although it need not be so and early recognition reduces morbidity and mortality. Careful patient monitoring and multidiscipline nutrition team management may help to achieve this goal. The diagnosis of RFS is not facilitated by the fact that there is no universal agreement as to its definition. The presence of hypophosphatemia alone does not necessarily mean that RFS is present as there are many other causes for this, as discussed later in this article. RFS is increasingly being recognized in neonates and children. An optimal refeeding regimen for RFS is not universally agreed on due to the paucity of randomized controlled trials in the field.

  19. Revenue Discretionary Model Pengukuran Manajemen Laba: Berdasarkan Sektor Industri Manufaktur di Bursa Efek Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nieken Herma Sari

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Earnings management is a management action to manage the profitability of a company. The purpose of this study is to indicate the accrual earning management using revenue discretionary model. This study adopts the research conducted by Stubben (2010 where there are two measurement models to detect the presence of accrual earnings management. The measurement model is the discretionary revenue model consists of conditional revenue model and revenue model. Object of this research is the companies listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange. The technique of data analysis is descriptive statistics to determine the residual value in each industry sector. These results prove that the revenue model is able to indicate the industrial sector 8 of the total 13 industries in the manufacturing companies indicated accrual earnings management. Conditional revenue model is able to indicate the industrial sector 11 of the total 18 sectors industry that overall indicated accrual earnings management.

  20. REVENUE RELATED TO ORDINARY ACTIVITIES ACCORDING TO IFRS AND ROMANIAN REGULATIONS

    OpenAIRE

    ECOBICI NICOLAE

    2014-01-01

    In this paper I present the differences and similarities between IFRS and Romanian GAAP regarding revenue, respectively between IAS 18 and other standards and MPF Order no. 3055 from 2009. A major problem is the recognition of revenue. In this matter IASB and Minister of Public Finance from Romania have similar, yet some different opinions. For example, IFRS has three revenue standards and four revenue interpretations. In the end I shall debate and investigate the convergence ...

  1. Construction contract revenue recording comparison

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hana Bohušová

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Publicly traded companies prepare their consolidated accounts in conformity with the international accounting standards (IAS/IFRS in accordance with the Regulation No. 1606/2002. This is obliged for all publicly traded joint-stock companies in the Czech Republic. Other companies prepare financial statements in accordance with national accounting standards. There are Accounting Act No. 563/1991 of Coll. and Regulation No. 500/2002 of Coll., Czech Accounting Standards in the Czech Republic. Both systems are based on different principles so there are many differences. The Czech Accounting System (CAS is based on the rules while IAS/IFRS are based on principles (Kovanicová, 2005. These differences are mainly caused by the different philosophy. CAS prefers the fiscal policy to the economic substance while IAS/IFRS prefere the economic substance. One of the most significant dif­fe­ren­ces is in the field of revenue recording. There are two standards concerning the revenues recording (IAS 18 − Revenue, IAS 11 – Construction Contracts in IAS/IFRS. CAS 019 – Expenses and Revenue are dealing with the revenue recording in the Czech Republic. The paper is aimed at the comparison of the methodical approaches for revenue recording used by IAS/IFRS and by CAS. The most important differences are caused by the different approach to the long term contracts (construction contracts, software development contracts revenues recording.

  2. Creative Problem Solving A Guide for Trainers and Management

    CERN Document Server

    Van Gundy, Arthur B

    1987-01-01

    Creative problem solving (CPS) is a six-step process designed to help people systematically resolve nonroutine, ambiguous types of problems. Because most organizational problems tend to be nonroutine, skill in using CPS process can confer a significant competitive advantage. Creative Problem Solving gives training managers the information they need to develop and teach a course on CPS. VanGundy provides an overview of the process, elements of the creative climate needed to foster CPS and innovative thinking, creative thinking exercises designed to illustrate specific CPS principles, and easy-t

  3. Problems of Revenue Generation in Local Government ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Every local jurisdiction has its unique economic, social and physical ... Therefore, the concept of local government is to bring governance closer to the people ... for Local Governments to be able to perform these functions creditably, they need ...

  4. IT PROJECT PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT: MODULARITY PROBLEMS IN A PUBLIC ORGANIZATION

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars Kristian; Mengiste, Shegaw Anagaw

    2012-01-01

    As today’s public and private sector organizations heavily rely on Information Technology (IT) to provide faster cycle times and better services, IT Project Portfolio Management (IT PPM) has become a high priority issue. This research adopts engaged scholarship to investigate IT PPM practices...... suggest a model addressing the identified problems by organizing IT PPM in three modules connected by three gateways. These results may be used to inform further research into IT PPM and to help managers improve IT PPM practices in public organizations. Keywords: IT Project Portfolio Management (IT PPM......, and (2) what modularity mechanisms can be recommended to improve IT PPM? By drawing on the theory’s distinction between visible information and Hidden design parameters five modularity problems are identified: (1) Lack of operational levels strategies, (2) No systematic approach to manage IT project...

  5. Focused training boosts revenue cycle skills, accountability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richmond, Craig

    2011-09-01

    In 2009, the MetroHealth System took its first steps toward creating a comprehensive revenue cycle university, with the goal of developing revenue cycle staff talent and achieving best-in-class revenue cycle operations. MetroHealth became a beta site for HFMA's online Credentialed Revenue Cycle Representative (CRCR) program, and asked its revenue cycle leaders to present classes on key revenue cycle issues. As of June 2011, 62 percent of 122 revenue cycle employees who had taken the CRCR course passed the exam. The CRCR designation is now a prerequisite for career advancement in certain revenue cycle areas at MetroHealth.

  6. Statistics and Corporate Environmental Management: Relations and Problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Henning; Ulhøi, John Parm

    1997-01-01

    Statistical methods have long been used to analyse the macroeconomic consequences of environmentally damaging activities, political actions to control, prevent, or reduce these damages, and environmental problems in the natural environment. Up to now, however, they have had a limited and not very...... specific use in corporate environmental management systems. This paper will address some of the special problems related to the use of statistical techniques in corporate environmental management systems. One important aspect of this is the interaction of internal decisions and activities with conditions...

  7. Managing treatment for the orthodontic patient with periodontal problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathews, D P; Kokich, V G

    1997-03-01

    Some adult patients have mild to moderate periodontal disease before orthodontic treatment. These patients may be at risk of developing further periodontal breakdown during orthodontic therapy. However, careful diagnosis and judicious management of these potentially volatile patients can alleviate the risk. In this article, the diagnosis and management of several periodontal problems is discussed. The need for and timing of preorthodontic periodontal surgery for these situations is elucidated. In addition, the types of tooth movement that will ameliorate these problematic situations is described. This information is valuable for the orthodontist who treats patients with underlying periodontal problems.

  8. Strategic vehicle fleet management - the make or buy problem

    OpenAIRE

    Adam Redmer

    2014-01-01

    Background: Fleets constitute the most important production means in transportation. Their appropriate management is crucial for all companies having transportation duties. The paper is the first one of a series of three papers that the author dedicates to the strategic vehicle fleet management topic. Methods: The paper discusses ways of fulfilling company's transportation needs (MAKE-or-BUY problem). It means the choice between using company's own and outside fleet (buying t...

  9. "MAGIC" FORMULA OF THE JOINT AUDITS IN RAISING REVENUE THROUGH WEEDING OUT CORRUPT PRACTICES (BASED ON ROMANIA AND MOLDOVA CASES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana CRICLIVAIA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Around one trillion Euros is lost to tax evasion and avoidance every year in the EU. In this context, governments have increasingly been tempted to turn to cross-border audits to secure needed resources and expertise to assist in ensuring international compliance with various taxes and other sources of revenue. However to manage international tax compliance revenue authorities are faced with the significant problem of corruption. The aim of this paper is to examine whether joint audits have to be applied in order to increase the efficiency of revenue collection. In order to narrow the field of investigation, the article focuses primarily on the situation faced by the Romania and Moldova.

  10. THE FEASIBILITY OF FARM REVENUE INSURANCE IN AUSTRALIA

    OpenAIRE

    Meuwissen, Miranda P.M.; Huirne, Ruud B.M.; Hardaker, J. Brian

    1999-01-01

    Arrow (1965) stated that making markets for trading risk more complete can be socially beneficial. Within this perspective, we discuss the feasibility of farm revenue insurance for Australian agriculture. The feasibility is first discussed from an insurer's point of view. Well-known problems of moral hazard, adverse selection and systemic risk are central. Then, the feasibility is studied from a farmer’s point of view. A simulation model illustrates that gross revenue insurance can be both ch...

  11. Revenue sharing in semiconductor industry supply chain: Cooperative game theoretic approach

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Bikram K Bahinipati; Arun Kanda; S G Deshmukh

    2009-06-01

    This paper defines cooperation as the process of coordinating the objectives and activities of supply chain (SC) members. It also focuses on cooperation as a solution for hybrid coordination mechanism to form the basis for semiconductor industry supply chain management. In the complex and competitive environment of semiconductor industry supply chain, independent system members are facing the difficult task of providing/sharing incentives resulting from e-market activities in a fair and equitable manner. So, various other activities are necessary for the e-market to make revenue sharing operations more stable and reliable. In this context, the importance of coalition in enhancing the e-market capability, for revenue generation and sharing, is used to develop a possible mechanism for financial compensation to the supply chain members. Interpreting the supply chain as cooperation, the concepts of the Shapely value are used in this paper for analysing the revenue sharing problem. The motivation behind such a scheme is to align the supply chain members’ cost structure with the bidding value during auction and bargaining for e-procurement. The appropriateness of the Shapely value is verified to ensure that a stable solution exists. The practical implication of this paper is how to make right decisions about revenue sharing. The principal contribution of this approach is for establishing a pooling coalition in order to provide a stable and cooperative solution.

  12. Problem-solving Model for Managing Stress and Anxiety

    OpenAIRE

    Taghi Abutalebi Ahmadi

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to take a look at problem-solving model for managing stress and anxiety. If each of us as a human being has an organized method for solving the different problems of our life, at that time we can get along with stress and anxiety easily. The capability of problem solving makes it possible for that person a) to distinguish emotions in himself and others b) to understand how excitement affects behavior c) to be able to show different reactions to different emotions....

  13. Managing problem employees: a model program and practical guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Laurence

    2010-01-01

    This article presents a model program for managing problem employees that includes a description ofthe basic types of problem employees and employee problems, as well as practical recommendations for. (1) selection and screening, (2) education and training, (3) coaching and counseling, (4) discipline, (5) psychological fitness-for-duty evaluations, (6) mental health services, (7) termination, and (8) leadership and administrative strategies. Throughout, the emphasis on balancing the need for order and productivity in the workplace with fairness and concern for employee health and well-being.

  14. Organization and Management Problem Solving A Systems and Consulting Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Ziegenfuss, Dr James T

    2001-01-01

    Based on a broad range of case studies, Organization and Management Problem Solving is an insightful text designed to improve the application of organization theory and systems thinking in teaching and practice. This book illustrates the five key themes in the nature of organization and management-technical, structural, psychosocial, managerial, and cultural-through the analysis of measured incidents tested by students. This book is relevant to consultants, academics, and professional managers in a number of settings (academic, military, business organizations, and research institutes) an

  15. Managing dysphagia. Special problems in patients with neurologic disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horner, J; Massey, E W

    1991-04-01

    Swallowing is a brief but intricate process. When this process is interrupted, as in patients with neurologic disorders, problems such as aspiration and risk of malnutrition can occur. The authors of this article discuss an individualized approach to evaluation and management of neurogenic oropharyngeal dysphagia. Three cases illustrate the diversity of causes, signs and symptoms, and clinical course.

  16. Municipal solid waste management problems: an applied general equilibrium analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bartelings, H.

    2003-01-01

    Keywords: Environmental policy; General equilibrium modeling; Negishi format; Waste management policies; Market distortions.

    About 40% of the entire budget spent on environmental problems in theNetherlan

  17. Municipal solid waste management problems: an applied general equilibrium analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bartelings, H.

    2003-01-01

    Keywords: Environmental policy; General equilibrium modeling; Negishi format; Waste management policies; Market distortions.

    About 40% of the entire budget spent on environmental problems in the

  18. The scope of management and administration problems in development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.J. Rothwell (Kenneth)

    1973-01-01

    textabstractThe problems of administration and management in developing eoonomies arise from a rapid change in expectations which is not matched by appropriate organizational and institutional change. Gaps are seen in the capability and efficiency of established institutions to attain social goals,

  19. Problem-Based Learning for Production and Operations Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanet, John J.; Barut, Mehmet

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, we describe our application of "problem-based learning" in the teaching of production/operations management. We describe a study of the effectiveness of this approach and present the results and analysis of this study. We provide a collection of our experiences in using this method and conclude with some general…

  20. Language Management and Language Problems in Belarus: Education and Beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giger, Markus; Sloboda, Marian

    2008-01-01

    This article provides an overview of the sociolinguistic situation in Belarus, the most russified of the post-Soviet countries. It summarizes language policy and legislation, and deals in more detail with language management and selected language problems in Belarusian education. It also contributes to the work on language planning by applying…

  1. Baltic Herring Fisheries Management: Stakeholder Views to Frame the Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Päivi Haapasaari

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Comprehensive problem framing that includes different perspectives is essential for holistic understanding of complex problems and as the first step in building models. We involved five stakeholders to frame the management problem of the Central Baltic herring fishery. By using the Bayesian belief networks (BBNs approach, the views of the stakeholders were built into graphical influence diagrams representing variables and their dependencies. The views of the scientists involved concentrated on biological concerns, whereas the fisher, the manager, and the representative of an environmental nongovernmental organization included markets and fishing industry influences. Management measures were considered to have a relatively small impact on the development of the herring stock; their impact on socioeconomic objectives was greater. Overall, the framings by these stakeholders propose a focus on socioeconomic issues in research and management and explicitly define management objectives, not only in biological but also in social and economic terms. We find the approach an illustrative tool to structure complex issues systematically. Such a tool can be used as a forum for discussion and for decision support that explicitly includes the views of different stakeholder groups. It enables the examination of social and biological factors in one framework and facilitates bridging the gap between social and natural sciences. A benefit of the BBN approach is that the graphical model structures can be transformed into a quantitative form by inserting probabilistic information.

  2. Problem-solving Model for Managing Stress and Anxiety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taghi Abutalebi Ahmadi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to take a look at problem-solving model for managing stress and anxiety. If each of us as a human being has an organized method for solving the different problems of our life, at that time we can get along with stress and anxiety easily. The capability of problem solving makes it possible for that person a to distinguish emotions in himself and others b to understand how excitement affects behavior c to be able to show different reactions to different emotions. If we don’t deal with emotional states such as grief, anger or anxiety properly, theses emotions will have negative effects on the physical and mental health of the person. Problem solving teaching is a treatment method by which the person learns to utilize effective cognitive skills to get along with inter-personal and problematic situations. In this study, we would like to emphasize the importance of the problem-solving teaching, and learn about its varieties and principal and implementation techniques, so that we can use it to manage our internal and environmental stressors. Among the various models, I will mention the easy and helpful five-step problem solving approach of Dixon and Glover (1984, as cited Yari (2009 as an example including describing the problem, stating the problem in precise and clear terms, selecting guidelines for solving the problems and prioritizing them, implementing the guidelines characterized at the previous stage, finally evaluating. At this stage, we will consider what we have gained vis a vis what we had hoped to gain.

  3. False promise or false premise? Using tourism revenue sharing to promote conservation and poverty reduction in Uganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Mwesigye Tumusiime

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism and the sharing of the associated revenues with local people have been increasingly fronted as key instruments for maintaining protected areas (PAs globally. This paper focuses on a tourism revenue sharing scheme employed in Uganda′s Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, involving rural farmers. We find that the scheme faces difficulties in integrating with the existing local historical, socio-economic, and institutional landscapes. Similar experiences from other cases suggest that these challenges are generic, and relate to lack of real local participation; an insignificant scale of economic returns to local people relative to costs; inept institutions in charge of planning, managing and evaluation efforts; and an institutional complexity that constrains most activities. We conclude that although tourism revenue sharing is an appealing concept, and its oft-quoted logic of promoting conservation and rural development is difficult to ignore, it is challenging to plan and implement in competent ways. We do not suggest abandoning tourism revenue sharing, but rather believe that a more concerted effort to overcome the mechanism′s economic and institutional shortcomings, as identified in this paper, may be more appropriate. The overall findings indicate that problems are not with tourism revenue sharing as an ambition, but with the difficulties encountered in putting it into practice.

  4. Lean process management implementation through enhanced problem solving capabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perumal Puvanasvaran

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available All Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM organizations in Aerospace, Automotive and Electronics industries had to upgrade their functions. These organizations including suppliers and solutions providers are duty bound to improve their functions through strategic initiatives. One such initiative is Lean Process Management. Lean Process Management has proven to aid organizations in developing manufacturing and administrative management solutions and make the organization a leaner at the same time a ‘fitter’ one, achieving World Class standards in terms of production, quality, marketing, etc, etc. The issue or problem is, although a number of authors, experts, researchers have discussed the lean process management as part organization centric issues, they failed to provide an effective lean process management system. Besides the need to formulate an effective lean process as suggested by some authors, another important reason suggested is the employee’s development aspect regarding how to unlock the infinite potential of their workforce. This employee’s development is basically the problem solving capabilities of the employees while implementing the Lean through clear cutting protocols or processes of Lean Process Management. The employees need to be developed and equipped to contribute optimally to the process. Because of this scenario, the main objective of this study is to develop an employees development system which the author has acronym or trademark it as People Development System (PDS to enhance problem solving capability among its employees while implementing the lean process management there. Although, the PDS can be implemented throughout the organization, if it is implemented in a particular department in an organization, it will be feasible to study and analyze its effectiveness in-depth. So, this study documents and analyzes the implementation of Lean process in the Kitting Department of the aerospace company, ABC Company

  5. Automated problem generation in Learning Management Systems: a tutorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Romero

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The benefits of solving problems have been widely acknowledged by literature. Its implementation in e–learning platforms can make easier its management and the learning process itself. However, its implementation can also become a very time–consuming task, particularly when the number of problems to generate is high. In this tutorial we describe a methodology that we have developed aiming to alleviate the workload of producing a great deal of problems in Moodle for an undergraduate business course. This methodology follows a six-step process and allows evaluating student’s skills in problem solving, minimizes plagiarism behaviors and provides immediate feedback. We expect this tutorial encourage other educators to apply our six steps process, thus benefiting themselves and their students of its advantages.

  6. Management of sexual problems: the approach of mindfulness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vilarinho, Sandra

    2017-08-18

    During the last 10 years mindfulness has been progressively integrated into protocols for the management of sexual problems. The purpose of this study is to systematize potential benefits of mindfulness in sexual well-being (considering mind, emotion, and body), and to shortly review current applications and effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions to the treatment of sexual problems. The majority of evidence available focuses on women's sexual desire and arousal problems, although there are also preliminary findings for the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions in enhancing other components of the sexual response. Relationship issues, sexual pain, sexual abuse, and sexual distress have also revealed to benefit from mindfulness-based interventions. The practice of mindfulness is a promising clinical approach with encouraging results for women's sexual problems. Further empirical research with different populations and greater methodological rigour is still needed to clarify the effectiveness of mindfulness as a specific component and the mechanisms contributing to therapeutic change.

  7. Forest management in Northeast China: history, problems, and challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Dapao; Zhou, Li; Zhou, Wangming; Ding, Hong; Wang, Qingwei; Wang, Yue; Wu, Xiaoqing; Dai, Limin

    2011-12-01

    Studies of the history and current status of forest resources in Northeast China have become important in discussions of sustainable forest management in the region. Prior to 1998, excessive logging and neglected cultivation led to a series of problems that left exploitable forest reserves in the region almost exhausted. A substantial decrease in the area of natural forests was accompanied by severe disruption of stand structure and serious degradation of overall forest quality and function. In 1998, China shifted the primary focus of forest management in the country from wood production to ecological sustainability, adopting ecological restoration and protection as key foci of management. In the process, China launched the Natural Forest Conversion Program and implemented a new system of Classification-based Forest Management. Since then, timber harvesting levels in Northeast China have decreased, and forest area and stocking levels have slowly increased. At present, the large area of low quality secondary forest lands, along with high levels of timber production, present researchers and government agencies in China with major challenges in deciding on management models and strategies that will best protect, restore and manage so large an area of secondary forest lands. This paper synthesizes information from a number of sources on forest area, stand characteristics and stocking levels, and forest policy changes in Northeastern China. Following a brief historical overview of forest harvesting and ecological research in Northeast China, the paper discusses the current state of forest resources and related problems in forest management in the region, concluding with key challenges in need of attention in order to meet the demands for multi-purpose forest sustainability and management in the future.

  8. Data as a revenue model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bechmann, Anja; Bilgrav-Nielsen, Kristine; Korsgaard Jensen, Anne-Louise

    2016-01-01

    Does data solve the crisis in legacy news companies? This article discusses data as a revenue model and the use of editorial algorithms to curate content and still meet public values. Furthermore, the article criticizes the news companies for using data in traditional advertisement revenue models......, which have proved difficult to uphold. Instead we need to focus on public values along with micro segment data in what are here termed social responsible algorithms. We also need to continue the discussion on the very concept of news and to experiment with news ‘packaging’ that are not derived from...

  9. INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING TREATMENT REGARDING REVENUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ECOBICI NICOLAE

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the news on international accounting treatments of revenue arising from the extensive process of convergence between IASB and FASB that began in 2002. The starting point of this approach is to identify the treatments currently applicable to income. Finally we presented a summary of the main provisions of the new standard IFRS 15 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”, which replaces IAS 11 and IAS 18 (as well as a number of SIC and IFRIC interpretations required to be applied from January 1, 2017, emphasizing the potential impact on entities.

  10. Data as a revenue model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bechmann, Anja; Bilgrav-Nielsen, Kristine; Korsgaard Jensen, Anne-Louise;

    2016-01-01

    Does data solve the crisis in legacy news companies? This article discusses data as a revenue model and the use of editorial algorithms to curate content and still meet public values. Furthermore, the article criticizes the news companies for using data in traditional advertisement revenue models......, which have proved difficult to uphold. Instead we need to focus on public values along with micro segment data in what are here termed social responsible algorithms. We also need to continue the discussion on the very concept of news and to experiment with news ‘packaging’ that are not derived from...

  11. Management strategies for problem behaviors in the patient with dementia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehninger, F W; Ravindran, V L; Stewart, J T

    1998-04-01

    Psychiatric and behavioral problems are present in most patients with dementia and are usually the clinician's main focus of management. Differential diagnosis of these problems can be challenging, but the effort is essential for planning appropriate therapy. Pharmacologic interventions are available for treatment of depression, agitation, aggression, psychotic symptoms, wandering, and sleep disorders. Given the less than favorable risk-benefit ratio of most psychotropic drugs in the population of older patients with dementia, the importance of nonpharmacologic strategies and limiting treatment goals should not be overlooked.

  12. From employee representation to problem-solving - Mainstreaming OHS management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasle, Peter; Seim, Rikke; Refslund, Bjarke

    2016-01-01

    . The role of OHS representatives has accordingly changed to focus on solving specific problems in the workplace as an integrated part of daily operations. Both management and colleagues consider the OHS representatives as a resource that can be utilized to manage the work environment. The consequences......The role of occupational health and safety representatives is changing. A study in 60 Danish enterprises indicates that representation, and especially negotiation on behalf of colleagues, has diminished. The work environment is mainstreamed in many enterprises and is rarely an area of conflict...

  13. From employee representation to problem-solving: Mainstreaming OHS management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasle, Peter; Seim, Rikke; Refslund, Bjarke

    2016-01-01

    The role of occupational health and safety representatives is changing. A study in 60 Danish enterprises indicates that representation, and especially negotiation on behalf of colleagues, has diminished. The work environment is mainstreamed in many enterprises and is rarely an area of conflict....... The role of OHS representatives has accordingly changed to focus on solving specific problems in the workplace as an integrated part of daily operations. Both management and colleagues consider the OHS representatives as a resource that can be utilized to manage the work environment. The consequences...

  14. From employee representation to problem-solving - Mainstreaming OHS management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasle, Peter; Seim, Rikke; Refslund, Bjarke

    2016-01-01

    The role of occupational health and safety representatives is changing. A study in 60 Danish enterprises indicates that representation, and especially negotiation on behalf of colleagues, has diminished. The work environment is mainstreamed in many enterprises and is rarely an area of conflict....... The role of OHS representatives has accordingly changed to focus on solving specific problems in the workplace as an integrated part of daily operations. Both management and colleagues consider the OHS representatives as a resource that can be utilized to manage the work environment. The consequences...

  15. SELECTING LEADERSHIP STYLES PROBLEM IN MANAGEMENT CULTURE: THEORETICAL ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. N. DUKHINA

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article carried out a theoretical analysis of the problem of choosing the team leadership styles, which is regarded as the most important component of the control system, due to the content management tasks. At the basis of individual management style management ideologies are implemented in practice through professional management experience as a manager, supervisor used the style or styles of synthesis will depend on the specific situations and managerial abilities. It is proved that the optimum style of management as a set of business and personal qualities of the head is one of the important criteria for successful completion of the collective tasks and the organization as a whole. The estimation of moral and functional components of the formal authority of the head. It is noted that a formal or official authority deterministic set of powers and the rights that assumes his position and that it provides no more than 60% effect on subordinates. Psychological authority consists of the elements of moral and functional authority. The basis of the moral authority of a manager is moral and ideological qualities of the person. Administrative capacity head examined on the basis of three criteria: personal, functional-activity and structure-psychological. There is analysis of the democratic, liberal and authoritarian leadership styles and the conclusion of the discussion of the problem.

  16. The Role of Problem Solving in Construction Management Practices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Casper Siebken

    2012-01-01

    industry. An Industrial PhD carried out at a large Danish contractor examined how failures and defects are produced and handled in the social practices of construction projects. The study addresses quality issues related to project management and examines the role of problem solving practices......Quality issues are a topic of continuous interest in the Danish construction industry. Not only can failures and defects be vital to the success of the single project but also the annual profits of the whole company can be put at risk. Moreover quality issues jeopardize the reputation of the entire...... not only to the planning but also to facilitate and support the problem-solving and trouble-shooting competencies of projects managers....

  17. Management problems of mentally retarded children and their families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gayton, W F

    1975-08-01

    Pediatricians faced with the difficult task of providing management services to mentally retarded children and their families are confronted with a number of difficult problems. These range all the way from deciding how to inform parents that their child is retarded to dealing with grandparents who are a source of stress. Successful handling of these problems requires a recognition that management is central to the care of the mentally retarded child. The needs of mentally retarded children and their families will not be met by interacting with families only around issues of acute physical illness. Attention must be directed toward psychosocial as well as medical variables and the emphasis must be on the total family system.

  18. The Event Management Problem in a Container Terminal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Bearzotti

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The container terminal is a convergence point in the cargo flow, being a focal point for multiple supply chains. Theoperations performed in a container terminal involve one of the most complex environments within the transportindustry. A container terminal plays a critical role in international shipping and is under pressure to cope withincreasing container traffic.This paper presents a multiagent model to solve the event management problem; this problem has a number offeatures which makes the agent a suitable technology to consider applying. The model presented is the basis fordeveloping a tool for the event management process in order to contribute to the reduction of logistics cost and toenhance the competitiveness of the container terminal.

  19. Mathematical Approaches to Problems in Resource Management and Epidemiology

    CERN Document Server

    Levin, Simon; Shoemaker, Christine

    1989-01-01

    Increasingly, mathematical methods are being used to advantage in addressing the problems facing humanity in managing its environment. Problems in resource management and epidemiology especially have demonstrated the utility of quantitative modeling. To explore these approaches, the Center of Applied Mathematics at Cornell University organized a conference in Fall, 1987, with the objective of surveying and assessing the state of the art. This volume records the proceedings of that conference. Underlying virtually all of these studies are models of population growth, from individual cells to large vertebrates. Cell population growth presents the simplest of systems for study, and is of fundamental importance in its own right for a variety of medical and environmental applications. In Part I of this volume, Michael Shuler describes computer models of individual cells and cell populations, and Frank Hoppensteadt discusses the synchronization of bacterial culture growth. Together, these provide a valuable introdu...

  20. 浅析不间断电源在营收系统中的应用%Analysis of the Application on Uninterruptible Power Supply(UPS) in Revenue Management System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵瑞萍

    2012-01-01

    Highly reliable UPS system is an important base for communication network working stably.This paper analyzes and discusses the planning and design of UPS in special communication network revenue management,explores the six factors of UPS engineering construction and three factors of its maintenance management.The engineering construction and maintenance management of UPS are the basis of its working reliably and stably.%不间断电源高可靠的供给是通信网稳定运行的重要基础。文中对专用通信网营收系统不间断电源的规划设计进行了分析与探讨,论述了UPS工程施工的6个方面、维护管理的3个方面。从UPS的工程建设和维护管理等环节来保证不间断电源可靠稳定运行。

  1. The Design and Realization of Revenue Management System for University Staff-Taking Kunming University as an Example%高校教职工收入管理系统的设计与实现--以昆明学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆志平

    2015-01-01

    高校教职工收入管理直接关乎教职工的切身利益。开发高校教职工收入管理系统不仅有利于健全收入数据核算,使学校管理人员和教职员工能及时掌握个人收入情况,而且还可为税务机关对个人所得税进行税收稽查与大检查提供便利途径,同时通过制作收入数据等报表亦能为决策层提供相关人事管理等信息。在分析昆明学院实际需求的基础上,实现了在线收入数据核算与查询、个人信息管理以及教职工全部收入数据分级核算统一汇总等功能。%The revenue management system has direct impact for the university staff′s vital interests.The development of the system is not only helpful for the improvement of the revenue data accounting but also convenient for the management staff and teachers to know their revenue exactly.Furthermore,the system can provide the easy way for tax authority to audit individual income tax and the reports making on revenue data can offer some information including personnel management for the decision-makers.Based on the analysis about the actual demand of Kunming University,the functions involving the accounting and query of the online revenue data,the management of personnel information and the accounting classification and unified collection of the revenue data for the staff are realized.

  2. From employee representation to problem-solving - Mainstreaming OHS management

    OpenAIRE

    Refslund, Bjarke; Hasle, Peter; Seim, Rikke

    2015-01-01

    The role of occupational health and safety representatives is changing. A study in 60 Danish enterprises indicates that representation, and especially negotiation on behalf of colleagues, has diminished. The work environment is mainstreamed in many enterprises and is rarely an area of conflict. The role of OHS representatives has accordingly changed to focus on solving specific problems in the workplace as an integrated part of daily operations. Both management and colleagues consider the OHS...

  3. Revenue Management Model for Dedicated Passenger Line Based on Passengers' Buy-up Behavior%基于旅客buy-up行为的铁路客运专线收益管理模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱丙益; 帅斌; 陈崇双; 李静; 黄丽霞

    2013-01-01

    基于旅客buy-up行为,探讨铁路客运专线收益管理问题.假定客运专线每个OD有一等票和二等票两种等级车票,在旅客buy-up概率已知条件下,以各OD两种车票的嵌套式预订限制为决策变量,建立一个带约束的非线性整数规划模型,并利用粒子群算法进行求解.算例结果表明:随着旅客buy-up概率的增大,二等票的预订限制逐渐减小,而客运专线总期望收益逐渐增加.%Revenue management of dedicated passenger railway line was explored on the basis of passengers' buy-up behavior.It was assumed that each itinerary has two kinds of tickets:the first class ones and second class ones.Taking the probability of passengers' buy-up behaviour as known conditions and the nested booking limits of the two classes of tickets of each itinerary as decision variables,the constrained nonlinear integer programming model was established and solved by the particle swarm algorithm.Numerical example results show that along with raizing of the probability of passengers' buy-up behavior,the nested booking limits of the second class tickets reduce gradually and the expected total revenues of the dedicated passenger railway line increase gradually.The effectiveness of the model is proved in practice.

  4. Strategic vehicle fleet management - the make or buy problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Redmer

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Fleets constitute the most important production means in transportation. Their appropriate management is crucial for all companies having transportation duties. The paper is the first one of a series of three papers that the author dedicates to the strategic vehicle fleet management topic. Methods: The paper discusses ways of fulfilling company's transportation needs (MAKE-or-BUY problem. It means the choice between using company's own and outside fleet (buying transportation services in a market. The essence of the MAKE-or-BUY problem lies in a time dependency, a seasonal nature of transportation needs. It leads to the MAKE-and-BUY solutions including utilization of both in-house and outside fleets. In the paper an original mathematical model (an optimization method allowing for the MAKE-and-BUY analysis is proposed. Results: An application of the proposed optimization method in a real-life decision situation (the case study within the Polish environment and the obtained solution are presented. The solution shows a low economic justification for using the MAKE option in practice. Especially when a fleet composed of brand new vehicles is considered. Conclusions: The paper will be continued in two further papers dedicated to strategic vehicle fleet management problems including fleet sizing / composition and fleet replacement.

  5. Effective Utilization Of Tax Revenue In Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Baghebo

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper is an attempt to examine the effective utilization of tax revenue vis-à-vis the impact of Government expenditure on economic growth and development of Nigeria. Government intervenes in the economy through a variety of policies, of these policies, two are most important. They are fiscal and monetary policy. This work is on the expenditure component of fiscal policy. Until recently, Nigeria has been one of the most disappointing development stories of the modern era-a cautionary tale of the risk of huge revenue from taxation in an environment of weak governance. In recent years, the most conspicuous fact about Nigeria’s economy is that corruption and mismanagement of its post- colonial government has prevented the channeling of the country’s resources from taxation and other sources into lasting improvements in infrastructure and the construction of a sound base for self sustaining economic development. Thus despite increasing revenue base, the rate of poverty, unemployment, high rate of inflation, low capacity utilization in industry, debt overhang, deterioration or stagnation of economic activities still prevail. From the foregoing, it should be clear what need to be done to improve the effective utilization of government fiscal (spending operations by: improving the quantity and quality of resources available to the government for its activities and improve the ways in which the resources available to the government are managed through the application of cost benefit analysis, expenditure analysis, transparency and accountability in the conduct of government business and also ensuring at all times that people of doubtful character are not elected into government or are not entrusted with the management of public resources. Avoiding actions that induce government officials to behave in corrupt ways and been genuinely interested in what government is doing. That is been critical in the activities of government.

  6. The Problems of Management and Marketing of High Technology Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neringa Petrauskaitė

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The article emphasizes the importance of high technologies sector development and complexity level it takes to reach it. Based on scientific literature analysis, including high technologies services features that involve short life cycle, inseparability from science and technologies, as well as existing infrastructure, to solve high technologies development issues, marketing and management methods should be applied. The specific features of the product of high technologies is the reason for high technologies services management and marketing problems that include high risk of business, exceptionally heavy investment and complicated launch of the product. Therefore, there is a need for other solutions, such as the ways to stimulate high technologies development and high technologies products intake and application that should be generated using management and marketing methods.Article in Lithuanian

  7. A Supply Chain Design Problem Integrated Facility Unavailabilities Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fouad Maliki

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available A supply chain is a set of facilities connected together in order to provide products to customers. The supply chain is subject to random failures caused by different factors which cause the unavailability of some sites. Given the current economic context, the management of these unavailabilities is becoming a strategic choice to ensure the desired reliability and availability levels of the different supply chain facilities. In this work, we treat two problems related to the field of supply chain, namely the design and unavailabilities management of logistics facilities. Specifically, we consider a stochastic distribution network with consideration of suppliers' selection, distribution centres location (DCs decisions and DCs’ unavailabilities management. Two resolution approaches are proposed. The first approach called non-integrated consists on define the optimal supply chain structure using an optimization approach based on genetic algorithms (GA, then to simulate the supply chain performance with the presence of DCs failures. The second approach called integrated approach is to consider the design of the supply chain problem and unavailabilities management of DCs in the same model. Note that, we replace each unavailable DC by performing a reallocation using GA in the two approaches. The obtained results of the two approaches are detailed and compared showing their effectiveness.

  8. Blueprint and Approach to Grow Revenue in Small Technology Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tony Bailetti

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available This article examines a new approach to grow the revenue of small technology companies and technology startups. We name this new approach the business ecosystem approach. The article is organized into five sections. The first section provides a blueprint to grow revenue and an inventory of growth formulas that top management teams of small technology companies and founders of startups find useful. The second section briefly defines business ecosystems, keystones and platforms. The third section describes the business ecosystem approach to grow the revenue of small technology companies and technology startups. It compares the traditional and business ecosystem approaches to growing revenue; identifies when the business ecosystem approach works better than the traditional approach; explains what small companies and startups need to do to grow revenue using the business ecosystem approach; and describes the benefits and risks of implementing the business ecosystem approach. The fourth section compares three approaches to growing revenue and highlights the differences between i business ecosystems and development communities and ii the business ecosystem approach and outsourcing. The fifth section identifies the key decisions a small technology company or technology startup needs to make to become the keystone that anchors a business ecosystem.

  9. The Peculiarities of Human Resource Information Management Problems and Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gražina Kalibataitė

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The current article explores one of the traditional management functional areas of enterprises—human resources management and its multi-component information environments, components. The traditional enterprises, usually manufacturing-oriented enterprises, controlled according to the functions of the activity, when many operating divisions is specialized in carrying out some certain tasks, functions (i.e. every department or unit is focused on the specific information technology applications which are not integrated. But quick changes in the modern activity environment fosters enterprises to switch from the classical functional management approaches (i.e. non-effective databases that are of marginal use, duplicative of one another, and operational systems that cannot adequately provide important information for enterprise control towards more adaptive, contemporary information processing models, knowledge-based enterprises, process management (i.e. a computer-aided knowledge bases, automatic information exchange, structured and metadata-oriented way. As mentioned above, are the databases now really becoming increasingly unmanageable, non-effective? Slow information processing not only costs money, but also endangers competitiveness and makes users unhappy. However, it should be noted that every functional area, group of users of the enterprise, have their specific, purpose, subjects and management structure, otherwise they have different information needs, requirements. Therefore, organizational information systems need be constantly maintained and applied to their surroundings.This article presents and critically analyzes the theoretical, practical aspects of the human resources or employee and information management, i.e. the first introduces 1 the major problems of information management (e.g., data integration and interoperability of systems, why business users often don’t have direct access to the important business data; 2 the process

  10. The Peculiarities of Human Resource Information Management Problems and Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gražina Kalibataitė

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The current article explores one of the traditional management functional areas of enterprises—human resources management and its multi-component information environments, components. The traditional enterprises, usually manufacturing-oriented enterprises, controlled according to the functions of the activity, when many operating divisions is specialized in carrying out some certain tasks, functions (i.e. every department or unit is focused on the specific information technology applications which are not integrated. But quick changes in the modern activity environment fosters enterprises to switch from the classical functional management approaches (i.e. non-effective databases that are of marginal use, duplicative of one another, and operational systems that cannot adequately provide important information for enterprise control towards more adaptive, contemporary information processing models, knowledge-based enterprises, process management (i.e. a computer-aided knowledge bases, automatic information exchange, structured and metadata-oriented way. As mentioned above, are the databases now really becoming increasingly unmanageable, non-effective? Slow information processing not only costs money, but also endangers competitiveness and makes users unhappy. However, it should be noted that every functional area, group of users of the enterprise, have their specific, purpose, subjects and management structure, otherwise they have different information needs, requirements. Therefore, organizational information systems need be constantly maintained and applied to their surroundings. This article presents and critically analyzes the theoretical, practical aspects of the human resources or employee and information management, i.e. the first introduces 1 the major problems of information management (e.g., data integration and interoperability of systems, why business users often don’t have direct access to the important business data; 2 the process

  11. THE QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AT THE UNIVERSITY. PROBLEMS IN IMPLEMENTING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. I. Nazina

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Summary. Beginning of the XXI century marked the active integration of Russia and the world community, including entry into the world educational space. The international activities of the leading universities of the country depends on the level of cooperation with foreign countries in the field of scientific and educational activities. Today topical issue recognition of the quality of Russian education abroad. One way to confirm this is the certification of the quality management system of the university. As long-term, mostly foreign experience, achieving the required level of quality and continue to improve the most productive is accomplished by implementing a quality management system in accordance with ISO 9000. In the modern system of higher education a lot of attention paid to quality, to ensure the competitiveness of the institution in the education market by training qualified specialists. Implementation of the quality management system is to move the university to process management prepared in accordance with approved and enacted by the QMS documents. Workplaces should determine the duties, powers and responsibilities of each employee within the quality management system, develop and implement the job descriptions, staff verify documented procedures. Implementation of the certification must be accompanied by specific and persistent administration by management in conjunction with the training and retraining of all managers and employees involved in the work on the implementation of the QMS in the organization. This article describes the goals, objectives in the formation and implementation of QMS in higher education arising from this problem and barriers (information, methodological, psychological, multiple ways to address them.

  12. Dynamic Air Route Open-Close Problem for Airspace Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Dynamic airspace management plans and assigns airspace resources to airspace users on demand to increase airspace capacity. Although many studies of air traffic flow management (ATFM) have sought to optimally allocate air traffic to get the best use of given airspace resources, few studies have focused on how to build an efficient air traffic network or how to adjust the current network in real time. This paper presents an integer program model named the dynamic air route open-close problem (DROP). DROP has a cost-based objective function which takes into account constraints such as the shortest occupancy time of routes, which are not considered in ATFM models. The aim of DROP is to determine which routes will be opened to a certain user during a given time period. Simulation results show that DROP can facilitate utilization of air routes. DROP, a simplified version of an air traffic network constructing problem, is the first step towards realizing dynamic airspace management. The combination of ATFM and DROP can facilitate decisions toward more reasonable, efficient use of limited airspace resources.

  13. Solid waste management problems in secondary schools in Ibadan, Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ana, G R E E; Oloruntoba, E O; Shendell, D; Elemile, O O; Benjamin, O R; Sridhar, M K C

    2011-09-01

    Inappropriate solid waste management practices in schools in less-developed countries, particularly in major urban communities, constitute one of the major factors leading to declining environmental health conditions. The objective of the authors' descriptive, cross-sectional study was to assess solid waste management problems in selected urban schools in Ibadan, Nigeria. Eight secondary schools with average pupil populations not less than 500 per school were selected randomly. Four hundred questionnaires (50 per school) were administered. In addition, an observational checklist was used to assess the physical environment. Paper and plastics were the most frequently generated wastes. Common methods of solid waste disposal reported were use of dustbins for collection and open burning. Major problems perceived with current refuse disposal methods by the study students were odors, pest infestation, and spillages. Littering and spillages of solid waste were also common features reported. Data suggested inadequate waste management facilities and practices in study schools. The lack of refuse bins may have contributed to waste spillages and the burning practices. Odors may have arisen from both the decay of overstored organic waste rich in moisture and emissions from refuse burning. This scenario poses a community environmental health nuisance and may compromise school environmental quality.

  14. Flexible Revenue Management Model:a Real Options Perspective%柔性收益管理模型:基于实物期权的新视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄生权; 李源

    2014-01-01

    以企业的容量控制决策为例,尝试从实物期权理论的新视角来研究不确定条件下企业收益管理(RM)问题,建立了一个柔性RM模型,以此来填补实物期权在此方面应用研究的空白和不足。求出了最佳容量投资时机和最优容量控制规模,在此基础上利用比较静态分析和模拟分析进一步探讨了风险对容量控制决策的影响规律。研究发现,在容量控制规模和投资期限既定的条件下,最佳容量投资时机随风险的增强而逐渐推迟,且最优容量控制规模随风险的增加呈现递增的趋势;企业存在过度投资行为。%Taking the enterprise decisions on capacity control for example,a flexible revenue management (RM)model is developed to explore how a firm manages revenue on capacity control under uncertainty from the real options perspective, and fill in the gaps of application research on real options in RM.Then the expressions of optimal investment timing and op-timal capacity are obtained.Besides,the comparative static analysis and number example are employed to further analyze the effect laws of risk on the control decisions.Research shows that the optimal timing of investment capacity is delayed by an increase in risk,with the optimal control capacity increased under finite scale and investment horizon.Moreover,there are o-ver-investment behaviors in enterprises.In a word,a new perspective and ideas are provided for the studies and applications of RM.

  15. Containing revenue-cycle costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geer, Robert; Burton, Eric

    2003-04-01

    Healthcare organizations can achieve revenue-cycle improvement while maintaining optimum staffing levels by taking a three-step approach-developing a plan, measuring costs, and using benchmarks to measure performance. Planned cost reductions can be achieved without a negative impact on the organization. Cost-reduction strategies should look at purchased services, staffing, and the cost-to-collect ratio. Healthcare organizations should reach target performance levels before implementing a cost-reduction strategy.

  16. Revenue-maximizing monetary policy

    OpenAIRE

    Joseph H. Haslag; Eric R. Young

    1998-01-01

    In this paper, we examine the impact that changes in the rate of money creation and reserve requirements have on real seigniorage revenue. We consider two additional features that differ from previous analyses. First, the model economies grow endogenously, and that growth depends on the accumulation of intermediated capital. Second, agents have two means of financing; one is bank deposits against which reserves must be held and the other is a nonbank intermediary. Thus, growth-rate effects an...

  17. POST INSERTION PROBLEMS AND THEIR MANAGEMENT IN COM PLETE DENTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Honey

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT : Edentulism is considered a poor health outcome and may compromise the quality of life. Although the number of adult losing their natural teeth is diminishing, there are still large numbers of edentulous adults in the population. Man y patients experience difficulties in wearing or using dentures. In some cases they may n ot be prepared to accept the limited efficiency of dentures when compared to natural teet h they replace. Patient satisfaction is critical determinant in the success or failure of c omplete denture therapy. The prosthodontist needs a thorough knowledge of anatomy, physiology, pa thology and psychology to treat these problems. This article is intended to assist practiti oners in the management of those problems that in our experience occur most frequently

  18. [Problems of safety regulation under radioactive waste management in Russia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monastyrskaia, S G; Kochetkov, O A; Barchukov, V G; Kuznetsova, L I

    2012-01-01

    Analysis of the requirements of Federal Law N 190 "About radioactive waste management and incorporation of changes into some legislative acts of the Russian Federation", as well as normative-legislative documents actual and planned to be published related to provision of radiation protection of the workers and the public have been done. Problems of safety regulation raised due to different approaches of Rospotrebnadzor, FMBA of Russia, Rostekhnadzor and Minprirody with respect to classification and categorization of the radioactive wastes, disposal, exemption from regulatory control, etc. have been discussed in the paper. Proposals regarding improvement of the system of safety regulation under radioactive waste management and of cooperation of various regulatory bodies have been formulated.

  19. The management of social problems talk in a support group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrezza Gomes Peretti

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The comprehension of the health-disease process from a multifactorial perspective has allowed important transformations in the healthcare practices. In this article, we discuss the use of the support group as a resource for mental health care, analyzing how conversations about social issues are managed in this context. Based on contributions from the social constructionist movement, we analyzed the transcripts of the conversations developed in meetings of a support group offered to patients of a mental health outpatient clinic. The analysis of the process of meaning making indicates that the discourse of the social influence on mental health is not legitimized, due to a predominant individualistic discourse, which psychologizes care and is centered on the emotional analysis of the problems of the quotidian. We argue that this mode of management brings limits to the construction of the group as a device for promoting autonomy and encouraging the social transformation processes.

  20. On revenue maximization for selling multiple independently distributed items.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xinye; Yao, Andrew Chi-Chih

    2013-07-09

    Consider the revenue-maximizing problem in which a single seller wants to sell k different items to a single buyer, who has independently distributed values for the items with additive valuation. The k = 1 case was completely resolved by Myerson's classical work in 1981, whereas for larger k the problem has been the subject of much research efforts ever since. Recently, Hart and Nisan analyzed two simple mechanisms: selling the items separately, or selling them as a single bundle. They showed that selling separately guarantees at least a c/log2 k fraction of the optimal revenue; and for identically distributed items, bundling yields at least a c/log k fraction of the optimal revenue. In this paper, we prove that selling separately guarantees at least c/log k fraction of the optimal revenue, whereas for identically distributed items, bundling yields at least a constant fraction of the optimal revenue. These bounds are tight (up to a constant factor), settling the open questions raised by Hart and Nisan. The results are valid for arbitrary probability distributions without restrictions. Our results also have implications on other interesting issues, such as monotonicity and randomization of selling mechanisms.

  1. Managing Actual Problems of Peatsoils Associated with Soil Acidity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Edi Armanto

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The research objective is to manage actual problems of peatsoils associated with soil acidity. The research has been conducted on peatsoils in river backswamps located in Subdistricts of East Pedamaran and Pedamaran, District of OKI South Sumatra. Soil sampling was taken in cultivated and uncultivated types of landuse; cultivated peatsoils consist of Site A (intercropping between oil palm and pineapple and Site B (oil palm, uncultivated peatsoils are divided into Site C (peat forest, Site D (swamp bush and Site E (swamp grass. The research resulted that actual problems of soil acidity is associated with base saturation, cations exchange capacity, soil organic matters and C/N ratio, balances of soil nutrients, and toxicity potency. The climatic condition and drought can accelerate the occurrence of actual problems of peatsoils associated with acidity peatsoils. Some ameliorant have been applied in order of importance in the fields, namely lime/dolomite, mineral soils, organic fertilizers, combustion ash, and volcanic ash. Application of ameliorant materials is capable to minimize the actual problems of peatsoils associated with soil acidity.

  2. The problem of professional burnout in stress management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makasheva Natalia

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The problem of professional burnout is extremely relevant in current stress management. By its nature, professional burnout is a unique type of stress syndrome that is characterized by emotional exhaustion. It leads to loss of energy and interest in one’s job. A burnout could be the result of such syndromes as – burnout and boreout. It could emerge as the reaction of the organism to the high working intensity and stress working conditions or due to the boredom and absence of the sphere for professional realization. Both syndromes negatively influence the professional activity and require serious research and an adequate approach to the study. Studies have been conducted in the higher educational environment and among production employees. The studies were conducted with the application of the existing tests for revealing the “boreout” and “burnout” syndromes. Studies have shown that the syndrome “burnout” is common among workers with free working regulations, whose work requires greater independence, initiative and responsibility. According to the results of the study, the employees who are more free in the performance of their professional duties (teachers, managers are less subjected to the boreout syndrome. For the prevention and control of professional burnout company management needs to apply the achievements of stress management.

  3. Carbon Revenue Recycling - Opportunities and Challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Elena Simonova; Rock Lefebvre

    2009-01-01

    Environmental policy instruments that generate budget revenues may become an increasingly attractive policy option for Canada's federal government due to amplified fiscal pressures. If that is the case, revenue recycling is an essential element of pricing carbon. This paper present a brief overview of benefits of recycling carbon revenues and the challenges that may be encountered when choosing a specific option for revenue recycling. The analysis shows that the existing research leaves the o...

  4. NEW APPROACHES ON REVENUE RECOGNITION AND MEASUREMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Cristina-Aurora, BUNEA-BONTAȘ

    2014-01-01

    Revenue is an important indicator to users of financial statements in assessing an entity's financial performance and position. International Financial Reporting Standard 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (IFRS 15) issued in May 2014 provides a robust framework for addressing revenue issues. The standard establishes principles for reporting useful information to users of financial statements about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from an enti...

  5. 46 CFR Sec. 3 - Accounting for revenues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accounting for revenues. Sec. 3 Section 3 Shipping... FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Accounting for Revenues Sec. 3 Accounting for revenues. (a... a passenger accounting procedure, may continue to follow such procedure under the agency...

  6. 77 FR 59455 - Internal Revenue Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-27

    ...; Comment Request for Revenue Procedure 2003-37 AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION..., the IRS is soliciting comments concerning Revenue Procedure 2003-37, Documentation Provisions for Certain Taxpayers Using the Fair Market Value Method. DATES: Written comments should be received on...

  7. 7 CFR 1767.26 - Operating revenue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... from furnishing water power for mechanical purposes when the investment in the property used in... 451Miscellaneous Service Revenues 453Sales of Water and Water Power 454Rent from Electric Property 455Interdepartmental Rents 456Other Electric Revenues 456.1Revenues from Transmission of Electricity of Others...

  8. Managing Radioactive Waste. Problems and Challenges in a Globalizing World

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2010-09-15

    Many countries are at a crossroads in terms of maintaining their energy supply. The existing resources of fossil fuels are dwindling, and global warming makes their use increasingly problematic. Nuclear power is now often regarded inevitable for future sustainability, energy security, and economic prosperity. There are, however, still unsolved problems regarding nuclear power. The fact that no country has established a final waste repository for spent nuclear fuel throws fundamental doubt on nuclear energy expansion. Also, the processes of globalization have transformed the nuclear industry towards increased privatization, concentration, and internationalization. This leads to uncertainties regarding the responsibility for nuclear waste management. In these circumstances is it of greatest importance that scholars from different disciplines, as well as policy makers and practitioners within the field, meet to share experiences. This conference had the general objective of producing knowledge about the challenges caused by global developmental trends, and what the management of nuclear waste implies for contemporary and future social development. Over 100 persons attended the conferences. Papers available at the conference site have been separately indexed. Several contributions were also made as PP-presentation, which are available at the site, among others the Keynote Speeches: Waiting for the Nuclear Renaissance: Exploring the Nexus of Expansion and Disposal in Europe (Jane Dawson); Applying the Risk Governance Framework: Institutional Requirements for Dealing with Nuclear Waste (Ortwin Renn); Learning to Listen: The Long Road to Legitimating Radioactive Waste Management Policies (Frans Berkhout); The Nuclear Waste Debate is Irrational but We Need Not Panic (Frank von Hippel). The conference was divided into the following sessions: Session A: Political characteristics matters; Session B: Radioactivity, geology, society. On a problem definition of HLW-management

  9. A Revenue Maximization Approach for Provisioning Services in Clouds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Pan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available With the increased reliability, security, and reduced cost of cloud services, more and more users are attracted to having their jobs and applications outsourced into IAAS data centers. For a cloud provider, deciding how to provision services to clients is far from trivial. The objective of this decision is maximizing the provider’s revenue, while fulfilling its IAAS resource constraints. The above problem is defined as IAAS cloud provider revenue maximization (ICPRM problem in this paper. We formulate a service provision approach to help a cloud provider to determine which combination of clients to admit and in what Quality-of-Service (QoS levels and to maximize provider’s revenue given its available resources. We show that the overall problem is a nondeterministic polynomial- (NP- hard one and develop metaheuristic solutions based on the genetic algorithm to achieve revenue maximization. The experimental simulations and numerical results show that the proposed approach is both effective and efficient in solving ICPRM problems.

  10. Fixing the Net Tuition Revenue Dilemma: The Dickinson College Story

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massa, Robert J.; Parker, Annette S.

    2007-01-01

    This chapter describes how Dickinson College, guided by a strategic plan, addressed its net tuition revenue problem through effective decision support, marketing and branding approaches, and pricing and financial aid strategies. The college's strategic plan guides allocation of resources toward fulfilling the college's purpose of providing an…

  11. Optimization of Outpatient Appointments Model Based on Revenue Management Method%基于收益管理方法的医院门诊预约挂号优化模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗太波; 罗利; 刘姿

    2011-01-01

    Based on revenue management method,this paper first deals with the transformation of patient's cost into penalty value and hospital's revenue by combining target function with Markova decision process theory and dynamic programming method,according to the current situation in Chinese hospitals including both ordinary doctors and specialists.Then an optimization model is established for the outpatient appointments and walk-in patients.It is proved that the model has three properties:(1) "first come first served" when the penalty does not increase,(2) the target value increases first and then decreases,and(3) the stage reserved source numbers are proportional to penalty value.In view of the incomputability of the multi-dimensional computational state space,we propose the corresponding heuristic algorithm,get relevant booking strategy,allot source number to outpatient appointments and walk-in patients.The theoretical support is provided to guide hospitals and similar industries to establish an appointment system.%基于收益管理方法,结合医疗行业特殊性,综合考虑医院收益与病人成本,运用马尔科夫决策过程理论和动态规划方法,建立了包含普通医生与专家两种医生类型的门诊预约挂号的存量控制优化模型,证明了模型在罚值不增时的先来先接受,目标值先增大后减小,阶段预留的号源与罚值成正比的性质,并针对模型的多维状态空间的不可计算性,给出启发式算法,得到相应的预约策略,实现了号源在预约和现场窗口挂号的合理分配。研究结果为指导医院及类似行业建立预约系统提供理论支持。

  12. Government revenue-expenditure nexus: Evidence from several transitional economies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konukcu-Önal Debi

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Budget deficits and the debate on the sources of deficit finance have been on the agenda of public economics ever since the 1980s. However recently in the post-communist countries fiscal imbalances appear to be an important problem due to prolonged periods of growing poverty resulting from the transition process. Poverty alleviation policies considerably affect the revenue and expenditure decisions of governments, which are subject to hard budget constraints in an open transitional economy and do not have room for departing from sound fiscal policies. The public finance literature provides a vast number of studies analyzing the relationship between public revenues and expenditures. These studies are mostly characterized by efforts to reveal the attitude of the fiscal authority towards maintaining the budget balance. In this respect, budgetary dynamics in which past government revenues have predictive power on the current level of government expenditures are accepted as evidence of the so-called tax-and-spend hypothesis. On the other hand, the revenue-expenditure nexus running from expenditures to revenues is known in the literature as the spend-and-tax hypothesis. The objective of this study is to analyze empirically the relationship between government revenues and expenditures in four of the transitional economies, i.e. Belarus, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic and the Russian Federation. The empirical findings of this study, which are based on Granger causality tests, indicate evidence supporting the tax-and-spend hypothesis in Belarus and the Russian Federation and fiscal synchronization in Kazakhstan and the Kyrgyz Republic. The empirical support for the tax-and-spend hypothesis in these economies implies that increasing government revenues may not end up with lower budget deficits due to their stimulating effect on the demand for public goods and services.

  13. NEW APPROACHES ON REVENUE RECOGNITION AND MEASUREMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina-Aurora, BUNEA-BONTAȘ

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Revenue is an important indicator to users of financial statements in assessing an entity's financial performance and position. International Financial Reporting Standard 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (IFRS 15 issued in May 2014 provides a robust framework for addressing revenue issues. The standard establishes principles for reporting useful information to users of financial statements about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from an entity's contracts with customers. This article outlines the basic principles that an entity should must apply to measure and recognise revenue and the related cash flows.

  14. REVENUE RELATED TO ORDINARY ACTIVITIES ACCORDING TO IFRS AND ROMANIAN REGULATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ECOBICI NICOLAE

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I present the differences and similarities between IFRS and Romanian GAAP regarding revenue, respectively between IAS 18 and other standards and MPF Order no. 3055 from 2009. A major problem is the recognition of revenue. In this matter IASB and Minister of Public Finance from Romania have similar, yet some different opinions. For example, IFRS has three revenue standards and four revenue interpretations. In the end I shall debate and investigate the convergence process and the similarities and differences between national and international provisions.

  15. Building Hotel Revenues through Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John D. Murtha, CHA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available When evaluating ways to maximize revenues, hotel executives should consider supporting the efforts of local destination marketing organizations. Helping to build and sustain travel to a city or region can benefit individual hotels, by combining resources and energy on marketing tactics that would otherwise be too ambitious or costly for a single property to pursue on its own. The market in Boston and adjacent Cambridge, Massachusetts offers an interesting case study for understanding the interaction of hotels and destination marketing organizations. The author includes action steps for hoteliers who would like to become more involved in such efforts.

  16. A Regression Approach for Forecasting Vendor Revenue in Telecommunication Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aida Mustapha

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In many telecommunication companies, Entrepreneur Development Unit (EDU is responsible to manage a big group of vendors that hold contract with the company. This unit assesses the vendors’ performance in terms of revenue and profitability on yearly basis and uses the information in arranging suitable development trainings. The main challenge faced by this unit, however, is to obtain the annual revenue data from the vendors due to time constraints. This paper presents a regression approach to predict the vendors’ annual revenues based on their previous records so the assessment exercise could be expedited. Three regression methods were investigated; linear regression, sequential minimal optimization algorithm, and M5rules. The results were analysed and discussed.

  17. Sexual behaviors in autism: problems of definition and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Realmuto, G M; Ruble, L A

    1999-04-01

    Surveys of sexual behavior in autism suggest a variety of behavioral expression. However, the course of sexual development in autism is unplotted, leaving questions about the normalcy of specific behaviors. Even less is known about deviations of sexual development and the incidence of paraphilias in this population. We explore the problems of definition of sexual behaviors and describe a case report that highlights the difficulties of management. An application of a testosterone-suppressing medication and its effect on sexual behavior are reported. After failure of behavioral and educational programs, leuprolide, an injectable antiandrogen, resulted in suppression of behaviors and retention of the participants' community placement. Follow-up for almost 3 years shows no abnormal physical effects. Dosage has been tapered over that period to a low but effective dose. Directions for research are discussed.

  18. Evaluating state tax revenue variability: a portfolio approach

    OpenAIRE

    Garrett, Thomas A.

    2006-01-01

    State revenue variability is evaluated using a volatility model rooted in portfolio theory. The model evaluates how closely a state's revenue portfolio is constructed to minimize variability in total state tax revenue. The model complements parametric methods of revenue variability.

  19. Hirschsprung′s disease: Management problem in a developing country

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bandré E

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The management of Hirschsprung′s disease remains a problem in developing countries. Our aim is to identify the main epidemiological, clinical, and therapeutic characteristics of Hirschsprung′s disease at the University Child Hospital Charles De Gaulle of Ouagadougou (CHUP-CDG. Patients and Method: It is a retrospective study carried out in the period from January 2001 to December 2007 in the Surgery Unit at CHUP-CDG, which is a reference centre for Paediatric Surgery in Burkina Faso. Results: There were 52 patients (M: F=3.3:1. The annual incidence was seven cases. Age at presentation and diagnosis ranged from two days 10 years (median 20 months. Twenty five patients were from poor socio-economic conditions. Presentations were mainly intestinal obstruction, chronic constipation and enterocolitis. There were two cases of associated trisomy 21. Average age at operative intervention was 3.17 months. The rectosigmoidal form was the most frequently encountered. Over two-thirds (67.31%, with no complications at presentation, had benefited from nursing before their final treatment. A temporary colostomy was requested in case of complication. Swenson′s technique was practiced for all the patients who underwent surgery operation. The assessment of functional results in eight patients after an average decrease of 3.5 years gave excellent results. Post-surgery complications were mainly enterocolitis in 12% of patients. Mortality rate was 16%. Conclusion: Management of Hirschsprung′s disease is a problem in Burkina Faso. It is characterised by its late presentation and difficult diagnosis due to inaccessibility and the non-availability of some investigation services (barium enema, histochemistry, and histology, resulting in high morbidity and mortality rates. Effective technical capacities, adequate staff training, and public education will be necessary to improve care quality.

  20. Fresh Groundwater Resources in Georgia and Management Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaprindashvili, George; Gaprindashvili, Merab

    2015-04-01

    Fresh water represents conditioned factor for human body's life. That's why the superiority of drinking water is recognized as human body's priority according to the international declarations. World is experiencing deficit of quality water. Natural Disasters caused by the pollution of the fresh groundwater is also very painful and acute, because it needed more time, more material and financial means for the liquidation of their results, and what the most important practically is, it is impossible to renew the initial natural conditions completely. All these conditions that the rational use of fresh groundwater passed by the interests of separate countries and became worldwide, international problem - fresh water became as considerable raw material for the worlds import and export. The fresh groundwater place the important role among the water recourses of Georgia. Their existing is considerably connected to the development of industry and agriculture, also with water supply issue of populated area. Groundwater management requires precise knowledge of sources (aquifers). Monitoring of Georgia's most important aquifers started many years ago and has provided large amount of data. This was interrupted at the beginning of the 1990s. It could be noted that fresh water existing in the country is distinguished with high quality. According to the mineralization and temperature parameters groundwater is generally divided into the following groups: 1) Fresh drinking waters (mineralization not exceeding 1.0 g/l); 2) Mineral waters (mineralization over 1.0 g/l); 3) Thermal waters -- healing (20˚C - 35˚C), Geothermal (40˚C - 108˚C). Below we present briefly review about the situation of fresh groundwater resources, started recovery of groundwater monitoring network and the analysis of the management problems.

  1. 旅游企业收益管理定价策略对顾客感知公平性的影响——基于消费限制、标价方式与价格处境交互作用的研究%The Interaction Effect of Restrictions, Framing and Fencing Condition in Fairness Perceptions of Airlines' Revenue Management Pricing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎耀奇

    2011-01-01

    Due to the fluctuant demand and stable supply capacities of tourism industry, the tourism firms have to deal with the imbalanced demand and supply. Revenue management is one of the most efficient tools to solve the imbalance problem through selling the perishable service products to the most profitable fix of consumers in a suitable price and time to maximize revenue. Tourism fir ms theoretically can charge as mange different rates in different types as they would like, but if customers view the firm's rate policies as unfair, they are unlikely to patronize the firm in the future. Only when customers perceived the firm revenue management practices to be fair, they are more likely to be satisfied with the hotel and are more likely to return to that firm in the future. In the study, we tested the impacts of the interaction effects among three important factors of revenue management, restrictions, framing of prices, and fencing condition, to the fairness perceptions. We collected the data using the consumer ex- periment method and conducted a between-group ANOVA analysis to the data. The empirical results showed that the restrictions reduced the customers' fairness perceptions that were in the advantaged fencing at the discount framing and in the disadvantaged fencing at the surcharge framing significantly. While the restrictions had no significant effects to the one who were in the disadvantaged fencing at the discount framing and in the advantaged fencing at the surcharge framing. Therefore, the tourism firms could improve the fairness perceptions of revenue management pricing through using different framing of pricing and restrictions to the customers who are in different fencing condition.%旅游业的需求波动性与供给能力相对稳定性使得旅游企业经常出现需求与供给失衡的问题,收益管理是一种有效解决该问题的定价策略。收益管理定价只强调价格对消费者需求的调节作用,忽略了同质服务不

  2. Management of general surgical problems after cardiac transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, M T; Menkis, A H; Kostuk, W J; McKenzie, F N

    1988-07-01

    Over a 6-year period at the University Hospital in London, Ont., 101 patients underwent heart transplantation and 5 heart-lung transplantation. The authors review the general surgical problems identified from the charts of 13 of these patients. In the early postoperative period (within 30 days), laparotomy was required for pancreatitis (one), perforated peptic ulcer (two), cholecystectomy (one), pancreatic cyst (one) and appendicitis (one). In addition, a spontaneous colocutaneous fistula and spontaneous pneumoperitoneum occurred; both were managed conservatively. Later, three patients required cholecystectomy; one underwent a below-knee and a Symes amputation for dry gangrene and one surgical correction of a lymphocele. The incidence of surgical problems (13%) indicates an increased susceptibility in this group of patients. Four of the 13 patients died. Pancreatitis is a well-recognized complication of cardiac surgery; it is frequently associated with a normal or only slightly elevated serum amylase level, making a definitive diagnosis without laparotomy almost impossible. Persistence of abdominal signs should signal the need for exploratory surgery. During the early postoperative period and in the absence of multiorgan failure, immediate operation for an acute abdomen is usually successful. Despite the additional risk, cardiac transplantation does not preclude later surgery, but immunosuppression must be continued and carefully monitored.

  3. Management of functional dyspepsia: Unsolved problems and new perspectives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ahmed Madisch; Stephan Miehlke; Joachim Labenz

    2005-01-01

    The common characteristic criteria of all functional gastrointestinal(GI)disorders are the persistence and recurrence of variable gastrointestinal symptoms that cannot be explained by any structural or biochemical abnormalities. Functional dyspepsia (FD) represents one of the important GI disorders in Western countries because of its remarkably high prevalence in general population and its impact on quality of life. Due to its dependence on both subjective determinants and diverse country-specific circumstances, the definition and management strategies of FD are still variably stated.Clinical trials with several drug classes (e.g., proton pump inhibitors, H2-blockers, prokinetic drugs) have been performed frequently without validated diseasespecific test instruments for the outcome measurements.Therefore, the interpretation of such trials remains difficult and controversial with respect to comparability and evaluation of drug efficacy, and definite conclusions can be drawn neither for diagnostic management nor for efficacious drug therapy so far. In view of these unsolved problems, guidelines both on the clinical management of FD and on the performance of clinical trials are needed. In recent years, increasing research work has been done in this area. Clinical trials conducted in adequately diagnosed patients that provided validated outcome measurements may result in better insights leading to more effective treatment strategies.Encouraging perspectives have been recently performed by methodologically well-designed treatment studies with herbal drug preparations. Herbal drugs, given their proven efficacy in clinical trials, offer a safe therapeutic alternative in the treatment of FD which is often favored by both patients and physicians. A fixed combination of peppermint oil and caraway oil in patients suffering from FD could be proven effective by well-designed clinical trials.

  4. Informedness and Customer-Centric Revenue management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Li (Ting)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThe recent pervasive adoption of modern IT in the marketplace has profoundly changed information availability to customers and firms. This improved information endowment results in changes in consumer behavior and corporate strategy. This dissertation proposes new theoretical perspective

  5. Informedness and Customer-Centric Revenue management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Li (Ting)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThe recent pervasive adoption of modern IT in the marketplace has profoundly changed information availability to customers and firms. This improved information endowment results in changes in consumer behavior and corporate strategy. This dissertation proposes new theoretical

  6. The Revenue-sharing Mechanism: Coordinating the Multilocation Lateral Transshipment Problem%协调多零售商横向转载的收益共享契约

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈敬贤; 王国华; 梁樑

    2013-01-01

    本文研究了协调多零售商横向转载的收益共享契约.该契约包含批发价格和收益共享比例两个参数,由独立于零售商的第三方转载公司制定并实施.在建立多零售商转载博弈模型的基础上,给出了该契约协调零售商转载的充分必要条件;然后以包含两个零售商的转载系统为例,分别给出了协调情形下转载价格和收益共享比例需满足的条件及其解析表达形式,并设计了一类启发式算法来计算零售商的最优订货量、转载价格和期望利润.最后,通过一个算例对文中的相关研究结论进行了验证,并就相关参数对零售商期望收益的影响进行了分析.研究发现,收益共享是对称性零售商的占优选择;非对称情形下,较高的转载成本将导致协调情形下零售商的期望利润降低;较高的产品残值将要求选择较低的转载价格,确保协调契约对于零售商期望利润的帕累托改进;当产品的边际价值较高时,提高转载价格可改善零售商的期望利润;另外,灵敏度分析显示契约参数将显著影响非对称性零售商的期望利润.%It this paper the revenue-sharing contract for coordinating the multilocation lateral transshipment is studied.It includes two contract parameters,which are designed and implemented by an independent transshipment corporation.A non-cooperative game model is established to describe the transshipment system behavior and the necessary and sufficient condition for the contract to coordinate transshipping behavior is constructed.Taking a two-location system as an example,the analytical results of transshipment price are derived and the necessary conditions of revenue-sharing ratio under which the system is coordinated by the contract are proposed.Moreover,a heuristic algorithm is developed to calculate the retailer's optimal order volume,transshipment price and expected profits.Furthermore,numerical results verify the

  7. Applications of systems thinking and soft operations research in managing complexity from problem framing to problem solving

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    This book captures current trends and developments in the field of systems thinking and soft operations research which can be applied to solve today's problems of dynamic complexity and interdependency. Such ‘wicked problems’ and messes are seemingly intractable problems characterized as value-laden, ambiguous, and unstable, that resist being tamed by classical problem solving. Actions and interventions associated with this complex problem space can have highly unpredictable and unintended consequences. Examples of such complex problems include health care reform, global climate change, transnational serious and organized crime, terrorism, homeland security, human security, disaster management, and humanitarian aid. Moving towards the development of solutions to these complex problem spaces depends on the lens we use to examine them and how we frame the problem. It will be shown that systems thinking and soft operations research has had great success in contributing to the management of complexity. .

  8. 关于辽源市政府非税收入管理改革与政策取向的调查分析%Investigate about Management Reform of Government Non Tax Revenue and Policy Orientation of Liaoyuan city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏大力; 聂长江

    2011-01-01

    Non Tax Revenue(NTR) is defined as all revenue,except taxes,accrued from public services and approximate public service provided by government,used to meet for social public demand or approximate public demand.Non Tax Revenue is an important part of state revenue and is a form of allotting.participated by government.It helps manage non tax revenue and enhance the ability of dispose income of governments that plays a significant role of sustaining economic and social development.%非税收入是指除税收以外各级政府提供特定公共服务和准公共服务取得并用于满足社会公共需要或准公共需要的财政资金。非税收入是财政收入的重要组成部分,是政府参与国民收入分配与再分配的一种形式。规范非税收入管理,提高政府可支配收入能力,对支持经济社会发展和满足社会公共需求,起着非常重要的作用。

  9. Revenue Maximizing Head Starts in Contests

    OpenAIRE

    Franke, Jörg; Leininger, Wolfgang; Wasser, Cédric

    2014-01-01

    We characterize revenue maximizing head starts for all-pay auctions and lottery contests with many heterogeneous players. We show that under optimal head starts all-pay auctions revenue-dominate lottery contests for any degree of heterogeneity among players. Moreover, all-pay auctions with optimal head starts induce higher revenue than any multiplicatively biased all-pay auction or lottery contest. While head starts are more effective than multiplicative biases in all-pay auctions, they are l...

  10. Strategies for successful revenue cycle outsourcing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lisowski, Duane A; Sanderson, Brian

    2013-09-01

    Revenue cycle outsourcing can offer hospitals and health systems many advantages, including cost savings and revenue gains, but it also carries risks. Some organizations may choose to outsource revenue cycle to third-party service providers; others may opt to develop internal centers of excellence. Hospitals and health systems should consider IT system compatibility, payment arrangements, and incentive and value alignment when selecting an outsourcing partner.

  11. A Problem Solving Framework for Managing Poor Readers in Classrooms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Judith S.

    1988-01-01

    Points out that poor readers may exhibit behavioral, cognitive, and emotional problems. Offers a problem-solving framework for intervention in poor readers' nonacademic problems, and describes several possible types of intervention. (ARH)

  12. Philippines - Revenue Administration Reform Project (RARP) Evaluation

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The Millennium Challenge Account-Philippines' (MCA-P) implementation of the Revenue Administration Reform Project (RARP) is expected to improve tax administration,...

  13. Classroom Management in Young Learners English Teaching——Typical Problems and Effective Solutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗基萍

    2009-01-01

    Classroom management is the orchestration of classroom life:planning curriculum,organizing procedures and rcsources,arranging the environment to maximize efficiency,monitoring progress,dealing with existent problems.Successful clasgroonl management looked like magic shows because students in these classrooms seem to glide from one activity to the next.Successful classroom management contributes to students' good achievement.Effective classroom management is one of the key elements of importance for efficient school education.However,almost all English teachers face a same problem-classroom management.In this paper,some typical problems and effective solutions in classroom management will be described.defined,or characterized.

  14. PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF THE AGED AND ITS MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahoo Srinibash

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Aging is an inevitable biological phenomenon resulting from intrinsic and extrinsic damage to the various organs and systems. One does not know when old age begins. The “biological age” of a person is not identical to the “chronological age”. Victor Hugo once said 40 is the old age of youth where as 50 is the youth of old age. So in countries like India we are considering the age of 60 as the start of old age. The decline in cognitive functions is very common consequence of aging. It is significantly associated with poor self-perception, depression, fear, worry, anxiety, decreased memory, angry etc., which are sometimes life-threatening conditions. In Astanga Ayurveda, Jara Chikitsa exists as a separate branch but detailed descriptions are not available. We got the scattered references regarding prevention of Jara and management of old age problems. Mainly Rasayanas of different types are mentioned for prevention as well as promotion of health in old age. The Rasayana drugs and Panchakarma. Therapies not only promote the physical health but beneficial effects also seen on brain and its functional areas. Different Rasayanas and Panchakarma therapies with their effects will be detailed described in full paper.

  15. Current problems regarding abortion, prenatal genetic testing and managing pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klajn-Tatić Vesna

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Current ethical and legal issues with regard to abortion, prenatal genetic testing and managing pregnancy are discussed in this paper. These problems are considered from the legal theory point of view as well as from the standpoint of the Serbian Law, the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, European Court of Human Rights, legal regulations of several EU countries, the USA, Japan, and their judicial practice. First, the pregnancy termination standards that exist in Serbia are introduced. Then the following issues are explained separately: the pro life and pro choice approaches to abortion; abortion according to the legal approach as a way of survival; the moral and legal status of the fetus; prenatal genetic testing, and finally matters regarding managing pregnancy today. Moral and legal principals of autonomy, namely freedom of choice of the individual, privacy and self-determination give women the right to terminate unwanted pregnancies. In addition, the basic question is whether the right of the woman to abortion clashes with the rights of others. Firstly, with the right of the "fetus to life". Secondly, with the right of the state to intervene in the interest of protecting "the life of the fetus". Third, with the rights of the woman’s partner. The fetus has the moral right to life, but less in relation to the same right of the woman as well as in relation to her right to control her life and her physical and moral integrity. On the other hand, the value of the life of the fetus increases morally and legally with the maturity of gestation; from the third trimester, the interest of the state prevails in the protection of the "life of the fetus" except when the life or health of the pregnant woman are at risk. As regards the rights of the woman’s partner, namely the husband’s opinion, there is no legal significance. The law does not request his participation in the decision on abortion because

  16. What makes a physician revenue cycle tick.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, Thomas; Stephen, Stan

    2011-09-01

    Hospitals should boost the revenue cycle performance of acquired physician practices by: Effectively assimilating the physician practice into the overall organization. Standardizing revenue cycle processes, policies, and tools between the hospital and physician practice. Enhancing physician/patient scheduling policies and procedures. Regularly auditing physician documentation and periodically comparing hospital charges against practice charges. Improving procedures for responding to denials.

  17. Sampling and Representation Complexity of Revenue Maximization

    OpenAIRE

    Dughmi, Shaddin; Han, Li; Nisan, Noam

    2014-01-01

    We consider (approximate) revenue maximization in auctions where the distribution on input valuations is given via "black box" access to samples from the distribution. We observe that the number of samples required -- the sample complexity -- is tightly related to the representation complexity of an approximately revenue-maximizing auction. Our main results are upper bounds and an exponential lower bound on these complexities.

  18. Revenue Sharing in European Football Leagues

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olai Hansen, Bodil; Tvede, Mich

    2016-01-01

    of complementarities. Firstly, it is shown that revenue sharing leads to lower overall quality of sports leagues. Secondly, it is shown that the optimal quality for the league is lower (higher) than the quality in a league without revenue sharing in case of negative (positive) externalities between clubs. Thirdly...

  19. Revenue cycle staff education: 3 views.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnelle, Lorraine P

    2006-09-01

    Hospital revenue cycle staff education programs should support skill development, address adult learning principles, and use cost-effective methods. Education programs should provide training for both new and existing employees. Educating revenue cycle staff reduces employee turnover, improves compliance, decreases denial write-offs, improves customer satisfaction, and increases point-of-service collections.

  20. Marketing Problems of Tourism Certifacated Hotel Managements- AField Survey in Bal›kesirProvince

    OpenAIRE

    Bedriye Tuncsiper; Mehmet Oguzhan ‹lban

    2006-01-01

    This study aims to searh marketing problems of hotel managements located in Balikesir, and the types of marketing applications applied by these managements. According to the results, the most important problems of these managements are: the difficulty of following technology,inadequte demand, difficulty of costumer satistification, cheating and confusing advertisements, excessive competition, and not having talented and educated salesmen. Against these problems, it is understood that service,...

  1. The integration of marketing problem-solving modes and marketing management support systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Wierenga (Berend); G.H. van Bruggen (Gerrit)

    1997-01-01

    textabstractFocuses on the issue of problem solving in marketing and develops a classification of marketing problem-solving modes (MPSMs). Typology of MPSMs; Relationship among MPSMs; Marketing management support systems.

  2. PROBLEM-SOLVING IN MANAGEMENT: Peculiarities of the Arts ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Positive changes include growth in the market share, increased technological ... move the organisation toward strategic success and reverse or minimise the effect of ... Effective management is highly dependent on people. (managers) ...

  3. An analytical approach to managing complex process problems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramstad, Kari; Andersen, Espen; Rohde, Hans Christian; Tydal, Trine

    2006-03-15

    The oil companies are continuously investing time and money to ensure optimum regularity on their production facilities. High regularity increases profitability, reduces workload on the offshore organisation and most important; - reduces discharge to air and sea. There are a number of mechanisms and tools available in order to achieve high regularity. Most of these are related to maintenance, system integrity, well operations and process conditions. However, for all of these tools, they will only be effective if quick and proper analysis of fluids and deposits are carried out. In fact, analytical backup is a powerful tool used to maintain optimised oil production, and should as such be given high priority. The present Operator (Hydro Oil and Energy) and the Chemical Supplier (MI Production Chemicals) have developed a cooperation to ensure that analytical backup is provided efficiently to the offshore installations. The Operator's Research and Development (R and D) departments and the Chemical Supplier have complementary specialties in both personnel and equipment, and this is utilized to give the best possible service when required from production technologists or operations. In order for the Operator's Research departments, Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) departments and Operations to approve analytical work performed by the Chemical Supplier, a number of analytical tests are carried out following procedures agreed by both companies. In the present paper, three field case examples of analytical cooperation for managing process problems will be presented. 1) Deposition in a Complex Platform Processing System. 2) Contaminated Production Chemicals. 3) Improved Monitoring of Scale Inhibitor, Suspended Solids and Ions. In each case the Research Centre, Operations and the Chemical Supplier have worked closely together to achieve fast solutions and Best Practice. (author) (tk)

  4. Application of NASA management approach to solve complex problems on earth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potate, J. S.

    1972-01-01

    The application of NASA management approach to solving complex problems on earth is discussed. The management of the Apollo program is presented as an example of effective management techniques. Four key elements of effective management are analyzed. Photographs of the Cape Kennedy launch sites and supporting equipment are included to support the discussions.

  5. Problem of fisher community and it’s implication on the management of South-East Aru conservation region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando D. W. Dangeubun

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available . Ninety percent of Aru Islands community are fishers and mostly inhabit coastal areas and small islands. This area mostly comprises of small islands, having unique characteristics of marine resources and quite a lot of endemic species such as turtles, dugongs, and dolphins. This area also has quite complex and diverse resources ecosystem, resulting a variety of illegal practices in natural resources utilization. This study was aimed to analyze the fisher characteristics, and try to reveal social, economic and cultural factors which lead to natural resources degradation. Result shows that: (1 social problems faced by the community are the limited access to meet the needs of education, health, light, clean water, clothing, food and shelter as well as limited information of eco-friendly natural resources technology utilization; (2 this limited access triggers the community to increase revenue by optimizing the utilization of resources in the ecosystems of the island, mangrove, sea grass, coral reefs and open waters; (3 low income and high expenditure eliminate the implementation of local wisdom in the use of natural resources in sustainable way; and (4 the level of compliance and trustfulness of the community towards the leaders are still exist, hence can be used as a key component in motivating people in the management of South-East Aru conservation area.

  6. Disruption management of the vehicle routing problem with vehicle breakdown

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mu, Q; Fu, Z; Lysgaard, Jens

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces a new class of problem, the disrupted vehicle routing problem (VRP), which deals with the disruptions that occur at the execution stage of a VRP plan. The paper then focuses on one type of such problem, in which a vehicle breaks down during the delivery and a new routing...

  7. Integrated Floodplain Management, Environmental Change, and Geomorphology: Problems and Prospects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hudson, Paul F; Middelkoop, Hans

    2015-01-01

    Recognition of the failure of old perspectives on river management and the need to enhance environmental sustainability has stimulated a new approach to river management over the past couple of decades. The manner that river restoration and integrated management are implemented, however, requires a

  8. Optimal Digital Product Maintenance with a Continuous Revenue Stream

    OpenAIRE

    Fan, James; Griffin, Christopher

    2014-01-01

    We use a control framework to analyze the digital vendor's profit maximization problem. The vendor captures market share by focusing costly effort on post-launch product maintenance, which influences user perception of the product and drives a revenue stream associated with product use. Our theoretical results show necessary and sufficient conditions for product maintenance to decline over a product's life-cycle, thus showing conditions when Lehman's 7th law of software evolution holds. We al...

  9. Strategic real-estate planning can generate revenue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, D; Hays, S

    2001-12-01

    Many healthcare organizations treat their real estate as liabilities rather than assets and overlook opportunities to generate significant additional revenue and reduce costs. An Ernst & Young Study found that to maximize the return on investment in their real-estate holdings, healthcare organizations need to include property management in their strategic plan, manage construction and expansion effectively, adapt and reuse their facilities where possible, and pursue innovative real-estate strategies. Managing real-estate assets effectively can free up capital to use for other core business needs.

  10. Assessment of net lost revenue adjustment mechanisms for utility DSM programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baxter, L.W.

    1995-01-01

    Utility shareholders can lose money on demand-side management (DSM) investments between rate cases. Several industry analysts argue that the revenues lost from utility DSM programs are an important financial disincentive to utility DSM investment. A key utility regulatory reform undertaken since 1989 allows utilities to recover the lost revenues incurred through successful operation of DSM programs. Explicitly defined net lost revenue adjustment (NLRA) mechanisms are states` preferred approach to lost revenue recovery from DSM programs. This report examines the experiences states and utilities are having with the NLRA approach. The report has three objectives. First, we determine whether NLRA is a feasible and successful approach to removing the lost-revenue disincentive to utility operation of DSM programs. Second, we identify the conditions linked to successful implementation of NLRA mechanisms in different states and assess whether NLRA has changed utility investment behavior. Third, we suggest improvements to NLRA mechanisms. We first identify states with NLRA mechanisms where utilities are recovering lost revenues from DSM programs. We interview staff at regulatory agencies in all these states and utility staff in four states. These interviews focus on the status of NLRA, implementation issues, DSM measurement issues, and NLRA results. We also analyze regulatory agency orders on NLRA, as well as associated testimony, reports, and utility lost revenue recovery filings. Finally, we use qualitative and quantitative indicators to assess NLRA`s effectiveness. Contrary to the concerns raised by some industry analysts, our results indicate NLRA is a feasible approach to the lost-revenue disincentive.

  11. 农业科研单位“收支两条线”资金和预算管理研究%Fund and budget managements for agricultural research institutions in the context of “separation between revenue and expenditure”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱巧根; 朱靖

    2011-01-01

    引入财政“收支两条线”的管理概念,探索农业科研预算单位资金和预算管理模式,提出并分析了“集中资金、统一收支、预算管理、内部协调”的运行架构,以有效提升财务管理效果.%With the deepening of financial budget management reform,agricultural research institutions must seek new fund and budget management modes. By introducing the financial concept of "separation between revenue and expenditure", the paper explores the fund and budget management modes suitable for agricultural research institutions and proposes and analyzes the operating framework of "fund centralization,canalization of income and expenses, budget management and internal coordination" so as to improve the financial management efficiently.

  12. Use of auditory learning to manage listening problems in children

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    David R Moore; Lorna F Halliday; Sygal Amitay

    2009-01-01

    .... It considers the auditory contribution to developmental listening and language problems and the underlying principles of auditory learning that may drive further refinement of auditory learning applications...

  13. Internal change agents' view of the management of change problem

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Saka, A

    2003-01-01

    The vital importance of change management in today's competitive climate has been widely investigated. While the need for successful change management is intensively proclaimed by "expert" consultants, the response for some time has been regarded as falling short of what is required The heavy

  14. Rethinking Classroom Management: Strategies for Prevention, Intervention, and Problem Solving.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belvel, Patricia Sequeira; Jordan, Maya Marcia

    This book illustrates an approach to achieving a positive, harmonious classroom environment which enables educators to evolve effectively from managers to leaders by rethinking their roles as teachers, discussing how to create classrooms where students are more self-managing and demonstrate mutual respect, self-esteem, and responsibility. Key…

  15. Internal change agents' view of the management of change problem

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Saka, A

    2003-01-01

    The vital importance of change management in today's competitive climate has been widely investigated. While the need for successful change management is intensively proclaimed by "expert" consultants, the response for some time has been regarded as falling short of what is required The heavy emphas

  16. SIMULATION MODELING IN THE STOCHASTIC PROBLEM OF STOCK MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleg A. Kosorukov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to popular and important approach to optimization of stock management systems, which is based on costs minimization with account of uncertainties. The simulation and optimization mathematical model of decision-making for management of a trading company is described in the article.

  17. Teaching People to Manage Constraints: Effects on Creative Problem-Solving

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, David R.; Barrett, Jamie D.; Hester, Kimberly S.; Robledo, Issac C.; Hougen, Dean F.; Day, Eric A.; Mumford, Michael D.

    2013-01-01

    Constraints often inhibit creative problem-solving. This study examined the impact of training strategies for managing constraints on creative problem-solving. Undergraduates, 218 in all, were asked to work through 1 to 4 self-paced instructional programs focused on constraint management strategies. The quality, originality, and elegance of…

  18. Teaching People to Manage Constraints: Effects on Creative Problem-Solving

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, David R.; Barrett, Jamie D.; Hester, Kimberly S.; Robledo, Issac C.; Hougen, Dean F.; Day, Eric A.; Mumford, Michael D.

    2013-01-01

    Constraints often inhibit creative problem-solving. This study examined the impact of training strategies for managing constraints on creative problem-solving. Undergraduates, 218 in all, were asked to work through 1 to 4 self-paced instructional programs focused on constraint management strategies. The quality, originality, and elegance of…

  19. Counseling for Indecisiveness: Problem-Solving and Anxiety-Management Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendonca, James D.; Siess, Thomas F.

    1976-01-01

    University students (N=32) with anxious vocational indecision were randomly assigned to five training conditions: (1) anxiety management; (2) problem-solving; (3) both of the above; (4) a placebo procedure; and (5) a no-treatment condition. A combination of anxiety-management and problem-solving training was proven more effective than either…

  20. OVERBOOKING DECISION MODEL OF HOTEL ROOM BASED ON REVENUE MANAGEMENT%基于收益管理的酒店客房超额预定决策模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘淑芹

    2011-01-01

    An overbooking stochastic optimization decision model of hotel rooms with possible cancellation and no-shows is proposed in this paper. A semi-absolute deviation is used to measure the risk of hotel revenue, and only consider the risk of falling below the expected revenue. The model is changed to a linear programming model by applying linearization techniques. Some examples are presented to illustrate the effectiveness of the model.%给出了考虑顾客取消和no-show的酒店客房超额预定随机优化决策模型,用半绝对偏差来度量收益风险,并将其转变为线性规划模型进行求解,以得出给定期限内的客房分配策略及可能的超售量.

  1. Managing the Gap between Curriculum Based and Problem Based Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bygholm, Ann; Buus, Lillian

    2009-01-01

    the challenges in applying problem based learning strategies in a context where several universities, with different cultures of teaching, collaboratively develop and deliver online courses. We present a pedagogical framework embracing both problem based and curriculum based strategies and show how we used....../or but rather both/and. In this paper we describe an approach to design and delivery of online courses in computer science which on the one hand is based on a specified curriculum and on the other hand gives room for different learning strategies, problem based learning being one of them. We discuss...... this as a basis for trying out various online learning strategies....

  2. Using Soft Systems Methodology to Address Supply Chain Management Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gulender Gencoglu

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports an investigation of if, and how, Soft Systems Methodology (SSM might.be used to facilitate better management of industry supply chains. In two workshops involving supply chain managers from the Textile Clothing and Footwear (TCF industry and industry facilitators, ways in which SSM techniques might supplement existing Supply Chain Management (SCM workshop approaches have been explored. Specifically, the placement of SSM techniques within a workshop setting, reactions to the techniques, perceived reasons for using SSM, together with strengths and difficulties encountered, have been examined.

  3. 35 ASSESSMENT OF TOURISTS FLOW AND REVENUE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Deji

    This study was carried out to assess tourists' flow and revenue generation from 1999 to 2009 in. Kainji Lake National ... adverse human impacts, while the latter has to do with making ... well as any cultural features found therein (Boo,. 1991).

  4. 47 CFR 32.5200 - Miscellaneous revenue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the company for customer checks returned for non-payment; (4) Discounts allowed customers for prompt payment; (5) Late-payment charges; (6) Revenue from private mobile telephone services which do not...

  5. 35 ASSESSMENT OF TOURISTS FLOW AND REVENUE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Deji

    were local tourists. ... Key words: Kainji Lake National Park, Ecotourism, Tourist flow, Revenue ... focus on economic and social benefits. ... adverse human impacts, while the latter has to ... well as any cultural features found therein (Boo,.

  6. The Problem of Urban Solid Waste in the City of Prishtina (Kosovo) and its Management

    OpenAIRE

    , Ramadani I.; , Bulliqi S.; , Gashi G.; , Isufi F.; , Ejupi A.; , Bytyqi V.

    2010-01-01

    In this paper is treated the problem of solid wastes in Prishtina, their origin, treatment and solutions for better management. The problem of wastes is one of the most serious issues facing people in Prishtina and Kosova, especially in last decade. There is a bad management of solid waste in Prishtina city because of the lack of investments in waste treatment, insufficient capacities of existing landfills and poor legal framework. The problem of waste in Prishtina should be approached in man...

  7. Applying a Problem Based Learning Approach to Land Management Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enemark, Stig

    -world context. The combination of different disciplines can be taught through a “learning-by-doing approach”. Problem solving skills can be taught through a project-oriented approach to surveying education with a focus on developing skills for “learning to learn”. The basic principles of this educational model...... engineering focus toward adopting an interdisciplinary and problem-based approach to ensure that academic programmes can cope with the wide range of land administration functions and challenges. An interdisciplinary approach to surveying education calls for the need to address issues and problems in a real...... are presented using the surveying programme at Aalborg University as an example. This paper is work in progress and draws from previous research. The paper supports the lecture on Problem Based Learning given at NUST 3 March 2016....

  8. Managing the Gap between Curriculum Based and Problem Based Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bygholm, Ann; Buus, Lillian

    2009-01-01

    Traditionally there has been a clear distinction between curriculum based and problem based approaches to accomplish learning. Preferred approaches depend of course on conviction, culture, traditions and also on the specific learning situation. We will argue that it is not a question of either....../or but rather both/and. In this paper we describe an approach to design and delivery of online courses in computer science which on the one hand is based on a specified curriculum and on the other hand gives room for different learning strategies, problem based learning being one of them. We discuss...... the challenges in applying problem based learning strategies in a context where several universities, with different cultures of teaching, collaboratively develop and deliver online courses. We present a pedagogical framework embracing both problem based and curriculum based strategies and show how we used...

  9. Current problems in the management of marine fisheries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beddington, J R; Agnew, D J; Clark, C W

    2007-06-22

    The public perception of fisheries is that they are in crisis and have been for some time. Numerous scientific and popular articles have pointed to the failures of fisheries management that have caused this crisis. These are widely accepted to be overcapacity in fishing fleets, a failure to take the ecosystem effects of fishing into account, and a failure to enforce unpalatable but necessary reductions in fishing effort on fishing fleets and communities. However, the claims of some analysts that there is an inevitable decline in the status of fisheries is, we believe, incorrect. There have been successes in fisheries management, and we argue that the tools for appropriate management exist. Unfortunately, they have not been implemented widely. Our analysis suggests that management authorities need to develop legally enforceable and tested harvest strategies, coupled with appropriate rights-based incentives to the fishing community, for the future of fisheries to be better than their past.

  10. Use of auditory learning to manage listening problems in children

    OpenAIRE

    Moore, David R.; Halliday, Lorna F.; Amitay, Sygal

    2008-01-01

    This paper reviews recent studies that have used adaptive auditory training to address communication problems experienced by some children in their everyday life. It considers the auditory contribution to developmental listening and language problems and the underlying principles of auditory learning that may drive further refinement of auditory learning applications. Following strong claims that language and listening skills in children could be improved by auditory learning, researchers hav...

  11. Planning Approaches to the Management of Water Problems in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Ruelas-Monjardin, Laura C.

    2010-01-01

    In this chapter it has been established that Mexico figures among the nations facing severe scarcity. Scarcity was defined as a situation where population has less than 1000 cubic meter per capita per year to satisfy their basic needs. In order to face problems like scarcity, the Mexican government has employed three different approaches. The supply oriented approach was just conceived to solve particular problems and specific or sectoral water demands, eg. To enable and improve irrigation, t...

  12. Sub-national Revenue Mobilization in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Castaneda, Luis Cesar; Pardinas, Juan

    2012-01-01

    This paper estimates potential Mexican sub-national tax revenues using a stochastic frontier model. The results suggest that states are exploiting their current tax bases, particularly the payroll tax, appropriately. Mexican municipalities, however, have a low rate of tax collection compared to their potential, especially in relation to the property tax, which is their most important source of revenue and relatively simple to collect. Empirical evidence further suggests that tax collection ef...

  13. New FASB standard addresses revenue recognition considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKee, Thomas E

    2015-12-01

    Healthcare organizations are expected to apply the following steps in revenue recognition under the new standard issued in May 2014 by the Financial Accounting Standards Board: Identify the customer contract. Identify the performance obligations in the contract. Determine the transaction price. Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract. Recognize revenue when--or in some circumstances, as--the entity satisfies the performance obligation.

  14. Approximate Revenue Maximization in Interdependent Value Settings

    OpenAIRE

    Chawla, Shuchi; Fu, Hu; Karlin, Anna

    2014-01-01

    We study revenue maximization in settings where agents' values are interdependent: each agent receives a signal drawn from a correlated distribution and agents' values are functions of all of the signals. We introduce a variant of the generalized VCG auction with reserve prices and random admission, and show that this auction gives a constant approximation to the optimal expected revenue in matroid environments. Our results do not require any assumptions on the signal distributions, however, ...

  15. Problems of Strategic Management Formation in Russian Agrarian Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Bannikova, N.; Schuele, H.; Khachatryan, Armen; Khachatryan, N

    2008-01-01

    The rapid changes in Russian agriculture during the last fifteen years require development of particular strategies for efficient farm management. The West-European approaches of strategic management and planning decisions are not directly applicable in the Russian agricultural economy; Russian large and medium-sized agricultural enterprises act on different organisational principles, due to the specific peculiarities of their business mentality. The objective of the research is to adopt mode...

  16. A Profile of Management Problems in the Navy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-09-01

    contribution of Frederick Taylor, often called the father of scientific management. Human Behavior School. The human behavioral view of management places heavy...employee motivation, Herzberg states that the factors involved in producing job satisfaction or motivation are intrinsic to the job itself [ Herzberg , 1968...1976. 5. Herzberg , F. , "One More Time: How Do You Motivate Employees?", Harvard B usi ness Re vie v e vol. 46, no. 1, p. 53, January - February, 1968

  17. Achievements and Problems of Reform of Investment Management System for Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chengrong; PAN

    2014-01-01

    The establishment of Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone provides many possibilities for China’s economic construction. This paper made a comparative analysis on investment management system of Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone and traditional investment management system,discussed achievements and problems of reform of investment management system of Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone,and finally came up with pertinent policy recommendations.

  18. Revenue Allocation and Economic Development in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dagwom Yohanna Dang

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This study empirically examines the impact of revenue allocation on economic development in Nigeria. Specifically, the study looks at how the various revenue allocations to the three tiers of government affect real gross domestic product (RGDP in Nigeria using time series data for the period 1993 to 2012. Error correction model (ECM and Pairwise Granger Causality test are used in analyzing the data. The study carries out test of stationarity of the variables using Augmented Dickey–Fuller unit root test and test of long-run relationship among the variables using Johansen Cointegration test. The study’s findings show that revenue allocations have significant causal relationship with economic development in Nigeria, with only revenue allocation to states having significant negative relationship. Unidirectional causality runs from revenue allocations to real GDP in Nigeria. All variables of the study are cointegrated and have a long-run relationship that 87.62% of the short-run disequilibrium is corrected yearly. The study recommends among others that more financial control and value for money audit should be carried out to minimize wastages and corruption in the states of the federation, so as to change the direction of influence of states’ revenue allocation on economic development.

  19. Solving a Health Information Management Problem. An international success story.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannan, Terry J

    2015-01-01

    The management of health care delivery requires the availability of effective 'information management' tools based on e-technologies [eHealth]. In developed economies many of these 'tools' are readily available whereas in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC) there is limited access to eHealth technologies and this has been defined as the "digital divide". This paper provides a short introduction to the fundamental understanding of what is meant by information management in health care and how it applies to all social economies. The core of the paper describes the successful implementation of appropriate information management tools in a resource poor environment to manage the HIV/AIDS epidemic and other disease states, in sub-Saharan Africa and how the system has evolved to become the largest open source eHealth project in the world and become the health information infrastructure for several national eHealth economies. The system is known as Open MRS [www.openmrs.org). The continuing successful evolution of the OpenMRS project has permitted its key implementers to define core factors that are the foundations for successful eHealth projects.

  20. CNMC Made Great Break-throughs in Both Total Assets and Sales Revenue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>Luo Tao, General Manager of China Nonferrous Metals Corporation (CNMC) indicated in a recent interview that, in 2011, CNMC’s business indicators grew robustly, with both of the total assets and sales revenue exceeding RMB 100 billion for the first time.Luo noted that, compared with the initial stage of the 11th Five-Year Plan period, CNMC’s total assets, sales revenue and total profit went up by 15 times, 20 times and 10 times respectively.

  1. Revenue Share between Layers and Investment Incentive for ISP in the Internet Market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unno, Masaru; Xu, Hua

    In this paper, we consider a revenue-sharing and network investment problem between an Internet service provider (ISP) and a content provider (CP) by applying the dynamic agency theory. We formulate the problem as the principal-agent problem where the ISP is the principal and the CP is the agent. The principal-agent problem is transformed to a stochastic optimal control problem in which the objectives of ISP are to find an optimal revenue-sharing strategy and a network investment strategy, and to advise an incentive compatible effort level to the CP. The sufficient conditions for the existence of the optimal revenue-sharing strategy, the optimal investment strategy and the incentive compatible effort to the CP are obtained. A numerical example is solved to show the existence of such strategies. The practical implications of the results obtained in the paper will also be discussed.

  2. PROBLEMS OF INFORMATION AND ANALYTICAL SUPPORT OF CONTEMPORARY STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Rodionov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The problematic aspects have been considered with regard to the information and analytical support of a strategic decision making in the modern management. The role and place are clarified in relation to a process of elaboration and making a management decision in strategic planning. The existing approaches are analyzed regarding the estimating of regularities in the course and outcome of strategic processes. The strategic forecasting matters have been studied as well as a decision maker`s attitude to the risks.

  3. Review Of The Revenue Recognition In Accordance With Statement Of Financial Accounting Standard PSAK No.23 2010 At Damri Corporation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Debbie Christine

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT One of the components of financial statements that are considered useful to look at the condition of the company namely the income statement. One component of the income statement are income the main problems in accounting revenue is determining when revenue recognition. Activities of the company will be deemed ineffective and inefficient when revenue recognition is not done properly. Therefore the recognition of revenue have been set in PSAK No.232010. According to PSAK 232010 revenue is the gross inflow of economic benefits arising from the normal activities of an entity during a period when those inflows result in increases in equity that is not derived from the contribution of investors. The main income earned Damri Corporation is selling the economic city bus bus with air conditioner and Trans Metro Bandung to society or passengers. Damri Corporation is a State-Owned Enterprises SOEs engaged in the provision of transport services one of them a city bus. Final assignment method used is descriptive method descriptive observational methods that analyze about the condition of the company. Damri Corp. apply accrual basis as for recognizing revenue. Application of revenue recognition is done by Damri Corporation in accordance with PSAK No. 232010 in which revenue is recognized on the basis of PSAK No. 232010. The possibility that the economic benefits associated with the transaction will be obtained by the entity and the amount of revenue can be measured reliably. Revenue Recognition In accordance with PSAK No.232010 at Damri Corporation can be concluded that the basic recording of revenue recognition is used Damri Corporation accrual basis accrual basis of revenue recognition is where the income from the sale of goods or services is recognized in the period of the transaction although cash has not been received by the company the transaction has been recorded and recognized as revenue.

  4. Wicked problems and clumsy solutions: Planning as expectation management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartmann, T.

    2012-01-01

    In 1973, Horst W Rittel and Malvin A Webber introduced the term ‘wicked problem’ in planning theory. They describe spatial planning as dealing with inherent uncertainty, complexity and inevitable normativity. This contribution picks up the concept of wicked problems, reflects on it from

  5. Surgical Management of Hip Problems in Myelomeningocele: A Review Article

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taghi Baghdadi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Children with myelomeningocele (MMC develop a wide variety of hip deformities such as muscle imbalance, contracture, subluxation, and dislocation. Various methods and indications have been introduced for treatment of muscle imbalances and other hip problems in patients with MMC but there is no study or meta-analysis to compare the results and complications. This review aims to find the most acceptable approach to hip problems in patients with MMC. Methods: MEDLINE was searched up to April 2015. All study designs that reported on the outcomes of hip problems in MMC were included. From 270 screened citations, 55 were strictly focused on hip problem in MMC were selected and reviewed. Results: Complex osseous and soft tissue reconstructive procedures to correct hip dysplasia and muscle balancing around the hip are rarely indicated for MMC patients without good quadriceps power. Conclusion: Over the years a consensus on the best algorithm for treatment of hip dislocation in myelomeningocele has been missing, however, muscular balancing with/out osseous procedure seems a reasonable approach especially in unilateral mid-lumbar MMC.

  6. Wicked problems and clumsy solutions: Planning as expectation management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartmann, T.

    2012-01-01

    In 1973, Horst W Rittel and Malvin A Webber introduced the term ‘wicked problem’ in planning theory. They describe spatial planning as dealing with inherent uncertainty, complexity and inevitable normativity. This contribution picks up the concept of wicked problems, reflects on it from a planning-t

  7. Surgical Management of Hip Problems in Myelomeningocele: A Review Article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baghdadi, Taghi; abdi, Reza; Bashi, Ramin Zargar; Aslani, Hossein

    2016-01-01

    Background: Children with myelomeningocele (MMC) develop a wide variety of hip deformities such as muscle imbalance, contracture, subluxation, and dislocation. Various methods and indications have been introduced for treatment of muscle imbalances and other hip problems in patients with MMC but there is no study or meta-analysis to compare the results and complications. This review aims to find the most acceptable approach to hip problems in patients with MMC. Methods: MEDLINE was searched up to April 2015. All study designs that reported on the outcomes of hip problems in MMC were included. From 270 screened citations, 55 were strictly focused on hip problem in MMC were selected and reviewed. Results: Complex osseous and soft tissue reconstructive procedures to correct hip dysplasia and muscle balancing around the hip are rarely indicated for MMC patients without good quadriceps power. Conclusion: Over the years a consensus on the best algorithm for treatment of hip dislocation in myelomeningocele has been missing, however, muscular balancing with/out osseous procedure seems a reasonable approach especially in unilateral mid-lumbar MMC. PMID:27517062

  8. Teacher interventions in a problem-based hospitality management programme

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Assen, J.H.E.; Meijers, F.; Otting, H.; Poell, R.F.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this case study was to investigate to what extent tutor interventions in a problem-based learning environment are in line with a learner-oriented approach to teaching. Using extensive observations, this study demonstrated that the seven tutors in our sample apply predominantly

  9. Teacher interventions in a problem-based hospitality management programme

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Assen, J.H.E.; Meijers, F.; Otting, H.; Poell, R.F.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this case study was to investigate to what extent tutor interventions in a problem-based learning environment are in line with a learner-oriented approach to teaching. Using extensive observations, this study demonstrated that the seven tutors in our sample apply predominantly teacher

  10. Live Case Analysis: Pedagogical Problems and Prospects in Management Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Kevin J.; Smith, Chad

    2009-01-01

    The selection of an appropriate and effective pedagogy has been a central theme in management education for decades. There currently exists a wide range of pedagogical options designed to match course content with the most appropriate technique(s) for effective learning outcomes. Most recently, a variety of experiential learning methods have been…

  11. Problems and solutions of information security management in Latvia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deruma S.

    2014-01-01

    Security cannot exist as a standalone function, it should be integrated in the associated processes continuously supervising and improving the security management programme based on predefined criteria. Adopting a holistic approach with regard to security has proven to be a critical contributing factor to effective security in organizations.

  12. MANAGEMENT IN LAND USE PLANNING: PROBLEMS AND KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorbunov V. S.

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The Russian and the world economy can be characterized as crisis ones. The economic crisis in modern society is perceived as ordinary, it is a part of its daily occurrence. The management and the organization of functioning in different spheres of economy traditionally treats management activity, at the same time the manager's profession in Russia is discredited completely. In the economy of Russia the institute of the professional managers who are ready to perform high-quality services in the land market, and at the same to meet time requirements imposed both from users of land services was not created. Recovery of trust to the leading class of the society undermined in decades of the carried-out socioeconomic transformations affecting all spheres of life of society is the basis of successful development of the country. The first step in ladder of development of national economy always was land issues and there still is. It is possible to carry out the economic transformations affecting the taxation and property without knowing how much the land costs currently. However, without the strong base it is impossible to construct high economic potential of welfare of society. Consideration of topical issues of preparation of the new and already performing the professional activity managerial personnel in the market of land resources in Russia became the purpose of this article

  13. Teacher Management Practices for First Graders with Attention Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Desiree W.; Rabiner, David L.; Hardy, Kristina K.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To examine whether teacher reports of accommodations and interventions for inattentive first graders are consistent with best practice guidelines. Method: A total of 36 teachers completed the Teacher Management Questionnaire (TMQ) for 92 students in five predominantly low-income, minority schools. The TMQ is a newly developed measure…

  14. [Focus on the ethics problem in glaucoma management].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Chun; Shi, Yan; Zhang, Yu; Huang, Ping

    2015-02-01

    Due to the different goals of current glaucoma treatments, various treatment methods have their pros and cons. Therefore, their applications are affected by factors inside and outside medical category, thus prone to a series of problems.In clinical practice, in addition to following the related clinical guidelines and standards, medical ethics problems must be considered. And besides, based on the principles of nonmaleficence, beneficence, respect and justice in medical ethics, the treatments should be carefully selected to weigh the advantages and disadvantages to the patients.Only in this way, the efficacy and safety of glaucoma treatment can be improved, and the medical and social missions of glaucoma specialists can be more reasonably completed.

  15. Research on remanufacturing scheduling problem based on critical chain management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Y.; Guan, Z.; He, C.; Yue, L.

    2017-06-01

    Remanufacturing is the recycling process of waste products as “as good as new products”, compared with materials recycling, remanufacturing represents a higher form of recycling. The typical structure of remanufacturing system consists of three parts: disassembly workshop, remanufacturing workshop and assembly workshop. However, the management of production planning and control activities can differ greatly from management activities in traditional manufacturing. Scheduling in a remanufacturing environment is more complex and the scheduler must deal with more uncertainty than in a traditional manufacturing environment. In order to properly schedule in a remanufacturing environment the schedule must be able to cope with several complicating factors which increase variability. This paper introduced and discussed seven complicating characteristics that require significant changes in production planning and control activities, in order to provide a new method for remanufacturing production scheduling system.

  16. Congenital Insensitivity to Pain without Anhidrosis: Orodental Problems and Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Abdullah

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports the case of a 4-year-old male patient who was brought by parents requesting for replacement of multiple missing anterior teeth. The patient suffered from congenital insensitivity to pain without anhidrosis and presented with full blown sequelae of the condition in the form of oral self-mutilation leading to loss of teeth, tongue tip amputation, finger tips destruction, and lower limb wound infections. Dental and orthopaedic treatment consists of local management of oral wound and prevention from further oral and finger injuries that takes the form of dental splints and finger sleeve splints, constant feet coverage with shoes, and behavioural medical therapy. The age of the patient and parents’ education present challenges in managing this condition to avoid morbidity and premature mortality.

  17. Problems and pitfalls in a clinical research data management system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brower, R W; ten Katen, H J; Meester, G T

    1984-01-01

    The problems and pitfalls encountered in the computerized data bank for the Netherlands Coronary Surgery (NCS) study are reviewed. This study involved 848 patients seen before coronary artery surgery and at 1 and 3 yr after surgery. Nineteen data forms were used resulting in maximally 1142 variables per patient. The importance of quality control is emphasized as well as the efficient transfer of information from data bank to statistical processing.

  18. Digital Rights Management - Promises, Problems and Alternative Solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Syversen, Kristian

    2004-01-01

    This thesis presents the introduction of Digital Rights Management (DRM) systems used to protect copyrighted content, why these systems are emphasized and by whom. Legal and technical aspects of such methods are also introduced. Moreover, progress in anti-piracy techniques and reasons for the current situation with online piracy are explained. In addition to presenting an alternative model for digital entertainment business, a new distribution system based on direct subscription on downloadab...

  19. Automatic digital document processing and management problems, algorithms and techniques

    CERN Document Server

    Ferilli, Stefano

    2011-01-01

    This text reviews the issues involved in handling and processing digital documents. Examining the full range of a document's lifetime, this book covers acquisition, representation, security, pre-processing, layout analysis, understanding, analysis of single components, information extraction, filing, indexing and retrieval. This title: provides a list of acronyms and a glossary of technical terms; contains appendices covering key concepts in machine learning, and providing a case study on building an intelligent system for digital document and library management; discusses issues of security,

  20. Indigenous Adoption of Novaco's Model of Anger Management Among Individuals with Psychiatric Problems in Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naz, Sumara; Khalily, Muhammad Tahir

    2016-04-01

    The present study was designed to indigenously adopt Novaco's model of anger management and examine its efficacy among individuals with psychiatric problems in Pakistan. For the assessment of anger and psychiatric problems, Urdu-translated versions of Novaco Anger Inventory (NAI), Anger Self-Report Questionnaire (ASR) and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale were used. A sample of 100 individuals was divided into two groups: a treatment group (received the indigenously adopted model of anger management) and a control group (received general counseling). Results of mixed repeated-measures ANOVA revealed that individuals in the treatment group significantly (p anger management was shown to be more effective than general counseling for anger management.

  1. Assessing integrated pest management adoption: measurement problems and policy implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puente, Molly; Darnall, Nicole; Forkner, Rebecca E

    2011-11-01

    For more than a decade, the U.S. government has promoted integrated pest management (IPM) to advance sustainable agriculture. However, the usefulness of this practice has been questioned because of lagging implementation. There are at least two plausible rationales for the slow implementation: (1) growers are not adopting IPM-for whatever reason-and (2) current assessment methods are inadequate at assessing IPM implementation. Our research addresses the second plausibility. We suggest that the traditional approach to measuring IPM implementation on its own fails to assess the distinct, biologically hierarchical components of IPM, and instead aggregates growers' management practices into an overall adoption score. Knowledge of these distinct components and the extent to which they are implemented can inform government officials as to how they should develop targeted assistance programs to encourage broader IPM use. We address these concerns by assessing the components of IPM adoption and comparing our method to the traditional approach alone. Our results indicate that there are four distinct components of adoption-weed, insect, general, and ecosystem management-and that growers implement the first two components significantly more often than the latter two. These findings suggest that using a more nuanced measure to assess IPM adoption that expands on the traditional approach, allows for a better understanding of the degree of IPM implementation.

  2. Do everyday problems of people with chronic illness interfere with their disease management?

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Houtum, Lieke; Rijken, Mieke; Groenewegen, Peter

    2015-10-01

    Being chronically ill is a continuous process of balancing the demands of the illness and the demands of everyday life. Understanding how everyday life affects self-management might help to provide better professional support. However, little attention has been paid to the influence of everyday life on self-management. The purpose of this study is to examine to what extent problems in everyday life interfere with the self-management behaviour of people with chronic illness, i.e. their ability to manage their illness. To estimate the effects of having everyday problems on self-management, cross-sectional linear regression analyses with propensity score matching were conducted. Data was used from 1731 patients with chronic disease(s) who participated in a nationwide Dutch panel-study. One third of people with chronic illness encounter basic (e.g. financial, housing, employment) or social (e.g. partner, children, sexual or leisure) problems in their daily life. Younger people, people with poor health and people with physical limitations are more likely to have everyday problems. Experiencing basic problems is related to less active coping behaviour, while experiencing social problems is related to lower levels of symptom management and less active coping behaviour. The extent of everyday problems interfering with self-management of people with chronic illness depends on the type of everyday problems encountered, as well as on the type of self-management activities at stake. Healthcare providers should pay attention to the life context of people with chronic illness during consultations, as patients' ability to manage their illness is related to it.

  3. Calibration of System Input Volume and Non-Revenue Water Index in Edo North, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philipa O. Idogho

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Water scarcity is a serious problem in developing world. It could be physical scarcity or economic water shortage. The output of physicsbased study conducted in Edo North, Nigeria revealed that physical water losses in the water distribution network have compounded the accessibility and affordability of safe drinking water. Water supply and loss variables such as Water Supply (WS Physical Water Loss (WLρ Apparent Water Loss (WLE Water Loss Reduction Index (WLRI and Available Water (AW were mathematically modeled to produce realistic and efficient water loss management and improve water revenue. The result of the modeling iterations show that the average physical and apparent losses of 4,000m 3 and 2,700m 3 of (WLρ and (WLE correspond to 13,200m 3 , 6,400m 3 and 0.5 of WS/SIV, AW and WLRI in 2007. Strong indication exists between the WLRI for both physical and apparent losses with the coefficient of determination R 2=0.83 and 0.99 respectively. This relationship shows that more water is being lost through real loss with average total of 59.2% and 40.8% of apparent losses. However, a reduction of Total Non-Revenue Water (TNRW from 50.7% to 10.6% was recorded between 2007 to 2011. This reduction led to a total increase of 4,400m 3 of Revenue Water, decrease in Non-Revenue Water reduction cost from 36% in 2007 to 7% in 2011 and saving of US$17,400 which could be used to provide health facility for malaria treatment for 14,500 people on daily basis. Water efficiency, and particularly drinking water loss, is a serious issue which has significant financial and economic depression; awareness in this respect is totally unrecognized by both individual and governmental sector. Generally, long-term strategies towards the reduction of water losses should continue to be sustained by Edo State government, donor agencies and some private sectors in the area of water supply in order to support the fulfillment of the Millennium Development Goals, control of

  4. Excel 2013 for human resource management statistics a guide to solving practical problems

    CERN Document Server

    Quirk, Thomas J

    2016-01-01

    This book shows how Microsoft Excel is able to teach human resource management statistics effectively. Similar to the previously published Excel 2010 for Human Resource Management Statistics, it is a step-by-step exercise-driven guide for students and practitioners who need to master Excel to solve practical human resource management problems. If understanding statistics isn’t your strongest suit, you are not especially mathematically-inclined, or if you are wary of computers, this is the right book for you. Excel, a widely available computer program for students and managers, is also an effective teaching and learning tool for quantitative analyses in human resource management courses. Its powerful computational ability and graphical functions make learning statistics much easier than in years past. However, Excel 2013 for Human Resource Management Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems is the first book to capitalize on these improvements by teaching students and managers how to apply Excel to ...

  5. Excel 2013 for health services management statistics a guide to solving practical problems

    CERN Document Server

    Quirk, Thomas J

    2016-01-01

    This book shows the capabilities of Microsoft Excel to teach health services management statistics effectively. Similar to the previously published Excel 2010 for Health Services Management Statistics, this book is a step-by-step exercise-driven guide for students and practitioners who need to master Excel to solve practical health services management problems. If understanding statistics isn’t your strongest suit, you are not especially mathematically-inclined, or if you are wary of computers, this is the right book for you. Excel, a widely available computer program for students and managers, is also an effective teaching and learning tool for quantitative analyses in health services management courses. Its powerful computational ability and graphical functions make learning statistics much easier than in years past. However, Excel 2013 for Health Services Management Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems is the first book to capitalize on these improvements by teaching students and managers ho...

  6. Excel 2016 for human resource management statistics a guide to solving practical problems

    CERN Document Server

    Quirk, Thomas J

    2016-01-01

    This book shows the capabilities of Microsoft Excel in teaching human resource management statistics effectively. Similar to the previously published Excel 2013 for Human Resource Management Statistics, this book is a step-by-step exercise-driven guide for students and practitioners who need to master Excel to solve practical human resource management problems. If understanding statistics isn’t your strongest suit, you are not especially mathematically-inclined, or if you are wary of computers, this is the right book for you. Excel, a widely available computer program for students and managers, is also an effective teaching and learning tool for quantitative analyses in human resource management courses. Its powerful computational ability and graphical functions make learning statistics much easier than in years past. However, Excel 2016 for Human Resource Management Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems is the first book to capitalize on these improvements by teaching students and managers how ...

  7. Analyzing Revenue Contribution Ratios: Net versus Gross Tuition and Fees Revenue Contribution Ratios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenny, Hans H.; Minter, W. John

    1994-01-01

    It is argued that analysis of tuition and fees revenue contributions can enable colleges and universities to develop pricing, admissions, and student aid policies that produce desired financial outcomes. Long-term trends of three tuition and fees revenue contribution ratios are explained and illustrated. (MSE)

  8. IT PROJECT PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT: MODULARITY PROBLEMS IN A PUBLIC ORGANIZATION

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars Kristian; Mengiste, Shegaw Anagaw

    2012-01-01

    information across units and sub units, (3) No standard processes for submitting IT projects proposals, (4) No centralized IT project selection process, and (5) Lack of centralized follow up process on IT Projects across units and subunits. Based on data and by using recommendations from Modularity theory, we...... within a large local government. The investigation applies Modularity theory to analyze rich data from the local government covering several units with quite diverse functions to address the following two questions (1) which modularity problems does a public organization have in its IT PPM practices...

  9. FRUSTRATION OF WORKING AS A PROBLEM OF HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena Ashtalkoska

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The development of human resources that finds an important practical application in enterprises from the developed world, account facts which refer to the conclusion that satisfaction of employee can greatly contribute to increasing productivity in enterprises and in states from whole world.Enterprises should assume appropriate measures which will be concentrated on reviewing the toolkit related to management staff, especially systems of payment and organization culture if they want to avoid negative consequences caused by dissatisfaction of employees in the workplace.

  10. Does economic growth has an impact on east java regional revenue?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faishal Fadli

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The implementation of regional autonomy resulted in each region to be able to manage their finances independently. This is one way the central government to remove the dependency of local governments to the central government. Thus requiring local governments to explore the sources of local revenue in order to finance regional development. In an effort to increase local revenues derived from the PAD is determined by economic factors or economic potential which has the prospect to be developed for each area. While the economic progress of a region heavily dependent on the development efforts undertaken by the government in providing public facilities to support economic activity. so it needs to be studied further economic growth in East Java, which increased from year to year, is also accompanied by an increase in revenue (PAD as one source of income in financing regional development. The result indicates the role of the revenue (PAD in the Regional Budget (APBD of East Java Province indicates that there is still very small, with an average of 15.47% of the total revenue budget. This means that the level of dependence of local governments on the central government is still high. Although the results of regional revenue projections indicate that component has been great in their contribution of the reception area, which amounted to 69.52%. Using the ordinary least squre method, the result of regression correlation are insignificant. This means that the regional gross domestic product does not have an effect on revenue of East Java Province. If an increase or decrease in regional gross domestic product will not increase or decrease revenue amount. This means that there is no significant relationship between economic growths towards the reception of the revenue.

  11. The influence of family management style on psychosocial problems of childhood cancer survivors in Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dong Hee; Im, Yeo Jin

    2015-04-01

    To examine the psychosocial problems of childhood cancer survivors in Korea and investigate whether such problems are influenced by family management style. Family members of 158 childhood cancer survivors answered a questionnaire on demographic and illness characteristics, described psychosocial problems in their children using the Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC), and completed the Family Management Measure (FaMM). Perceived economic status and all six subscales of the FaMM were significantly correlated with children's psychosocial problems. In a multiple regression model, the Family Life Difficulty and Parental Mutuality scales of the FaMM were each independent predictors of psychosocial problems in young cancer survivors. A detailed care plan designed to (1) promote balance between the management of a child's condition and normal family life and (2) encourage parents to share their feelings with one another and provide mutual support should be required to improve psychosocial outcomes for childhood cancer survivors. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Use of auditory learning to manage listening problems in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, David R; Halliday, Lorna F; Amitay, Sygal

    2009-02-12

    This paper reviews recent studies that have used adaptive auditory training to address communication problems experienced by some children in their everyday life. It considers the auditory contribution to developmental listening and language problems and the underlying principles of auditory learning that may drive further refinement of auditory learning applications. Following strong claims that language and listening skills in children could be improved by auditory learning, researchers have debated what aspect of training contributed to the improvement and even whether the claimed improvements reflect primarily a retest effect on the skill measures. Key to understanding this research have been more circumscribed studies of the transfer of learning and the use of multiple control groups to examine auditory and non-auditory contributions to the learning. Significant auditory learning can occur during relatively brief periods of training. As children mature, their ability to train improves, but the relation between the duration of training, amount of learning and benefit remains unclear. Individual differences in initial performance and amount of subsequent learning advocate tailoring training to individual learners. The mechanisms of learning remain obscure, especially in children, but it appears that the development of cognitive skills is of at least equal importance to the refinement of sensory processing. Promotion of retention and transfer of learning are major goals for further research.

  13. Environmental and Water Resources Management: Problems and Solutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Robert Wenger; Zhifeng Yang

    2011-01-01

    Environmental problems and issues have no geographical bounds.Many are global in scale;others may be bounded in some manner to a particular region,yet share features with similar problems in other locales throughout the world.It is important,then,for environmental researchers,policymakers,and practitioners to reach across national and cultural boundaries to discuss these issues and learn from each other.For more than 25 years an ongoing international seminar-study tour program initiated by the Environmental and Water Resources Institute (EWRI),a specialty institute within the American Society of Civil Engineers,has provided such a learning opportunity for engineers and scientists from throughout the world.Under the auspices of EWRI,seminar-study tours are scheduled approximately biennially at various locations around the world.Recent locations for seminar-study tour events have been Mexico (2006),Viet Nam (2008),Peru (2010),and China (2011).The Beijing seminar-study tour was held from October 26th to 31st and was hosted and co-sponsored by the School of Environment at Beijing Normal University.In addition to publicity support provided by EWRI,the Beijing seminarstudy tour received financial support from the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay,Green Bay,Wisconsin,USA,with the latter also serving as cosponsor.

  14. Assessing Integrated Pest Management Adoption: Measurement Problems and Policy Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puente, Molly; Darnall, Nicole; Forkner, Rebecca E.

    2011-11-01

    For more than a decade, the U.S. government has promoted integrated pest management (IPM) to advance sustainable agriculture. However, the usefulness of this practice has been questioned because of lagging implementation. There are at least two plausible rationales for the slow implementation: (1) growers are not adopting IPM—for whatever reason—and (2) current assessment methods are inadequate at assessing IPM implementation. Our research addresses the second plausibility. We suggest that the traditional approach to measuring IPM implementation on its own fails to assess the distinct, biologically hierarchical components of IPM, and instead aggregates growers' management practices into an overall adoption score. Knowledge of these distinct components and the extent to which they are implemented can inform government officials as to how they should develop targeted assistance programs to encourage broader IPM use. We address these concerns by assessing the components of IPM adoption and comparing our method to the traditional approach alone. Our results indicate that there are four distinct components of adoption—weed, insect, general, and ecosystem management—and that growers implement the first two components significantly more often than the latter two. These findings suggest that using a more nuanced measure to assess IPM adoption that expands on the traditional approach, allows for a better understanding of the degree of IPM implementation.

  15. The Role of Health Systems in Obesity Management and Prevention: Problems and Paradigm Shifts

    OpenAIRE

    Kirk, Sara F. L.; Penney, Tarra L

    2013-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of a new section of Current Obesity Reports, called Health Services and programs. This new section seeks to better understand the problems within health systems around obesity management and prevention and to discuss the latest research on solutions. There are few health system issues that are quite as controversial as obesity and there remain several key problems inherent within existing obesity management and prevention approaches that necessitate the adoptio...

  16. Analysis on the Influencing Factors and Comprehensive Management of Environmental Problems in Dongping Lake

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]We aimed to study the influencing factors and comprehensive management of environmental problems in Dongping Lake.[Method]Based on field investigation and historical data,environmental problems of Dongping Lake and their influencing factors were analyzed,and seven measures about comprehensive management of environmental issues and ecological protection of Dongping Lake were put forward.[Result]During recent years,the content of total nitrogen and total phosphorus in Dongping Lake showed a decreas...

  17. Modern tendencies and problems of the theory of spiritual-moral processes management in higher school

    OpenAIRE

    Iryna Sidanich

    2016-01-01

    In the article were analyzed the modern tendencies and problems of the theory of spiritual-moral processes management in the higher school. There were defined the node tasks of reformation of higher education: ensuring its quality, construction of effective educational system of the higher school institutions with effective economy and management. There was characterized the problem of ensuring axiological direction of spiritual-humanitarian component of educational process in the system of h...

  18. The use of multi-criteria decision analysis to tackle waste management problems: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achillas, Charisios; Moussiopoulos, Nicolas; Karagiannidis, Avraam; Banias, Georgias; Perkoulidis, George

    2013-02-01

    Problems in waste management have become more and more complex during recent decades. The increasing volumes of waste produced and social environmental consciousness present prominent drivers for environmental managers towards the achievement of a sustainable waste management scheme. However, in practice, there are many factors and influences - often mutually conflicting - criteria for finding solutions in real-life applications. This paper presents a review of the literature on multi-criteria decision aiding in waste management problems for all reported waste streams. Despite limitations, which are clearly stated, most of the work published in this field is reviewed. The present review aims to provide environmental managers and decision-makers with a thorough list of practical applications of the multi-criteria decision analysis techniques that are used to solve real-life waste management problems, as well as the criteria that are mostly employed in such applications according to the nature of the problem under study. Moreover, the paper explores the advantages and disadvantages of using multi-criteria decision analysis techniques in waste management problems in comparison to other available alternatives.

  19. Trade Policy Reform and the Missing Revenue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arndt, Thomas Channing; Tarp, Finn

    2008-01-01

    into a computable general equilibrium model of an African economy (Mozambique) to study the implications of trade policy reform. Model simulations indicate that lowering tariff rates and reducing duty-free importation in a manner that maintains official revenue benefit nearly everyone. The main exception is those......In many African countries, large discrepancies exist between revenues implied by published tariff rates multiplied by estimated import volumes and actual receipts. We develop a stylised trade model where average and marginal tariff rates diverge and incorporate insights from this model...... who benefited from duty-free imports in the base...

  20. Efficiency of (Revenue-)Optimal Mechanisms

    OpenAIRE

    Aggarwal, Gagan; Goel, Gagan; Mehta, Aranyak

    2009-01-01

    We compare the expected efficiency of revenue maximizing (or {\\em optimal}) mechanisms with that of efficiency maximizing ones. We show that the efficiency of the revenue maximizing mechanism for selling a single item with k + log_{e/(e-1)} k + 1 bidders is at least as much as the efficiency of the efficiency maximizing mechanism with k bidders, when bidder valuations are drawn i.i.d. from a Monotone Hazard Rate distribution. Surprisingly, we also show that this bound is tight within a small ...

  1. The problem mastoid cavity: medical and surgical management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinney, S E

    1977-11-01

    The patient with persistent foul drainage from a previously operated-on mastoid cavity has a serious problem that requires aggressive attention from the otologic surgeon. The ear must be carefully evaluated in the office. Careful cleaning of the cavity and effective application of medication will dry up many of these cavities. Revision surgery of the ear requires a systematic approach using all the techniques of modern otologic surgery. This means the use of a post-auricular incision and wide bone removal combined with bone removal combined with obliteration techniques and grafting of the middle ear. This approach was used in 29 ears in 27 patients. Rapid healing and a trouble-free, dry ear was obtained in 26 patients or 90% of the operated-on cases.

  2. Problems of salaries management in oil and gas companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Gennad'evna Kolosova

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Basing on the results of the author's analysis and generalization of practical experience in the organization of remuneration on the oil and gas companies of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous District — Yugra, the current state and remuneration policy were defined. The designed SWOT matrix reveals the possibilities of further improvement of the remuneration organization. Innovative development of remuneration systems involves a complex process of selecting management tools to achieve performance targets and implementing business strategies. A study of the most upfront human resources and staff practices in the Russian oil and gas sector has allowed the author to formulate approaches to building effective systems of remuneration. The suggestions described in this paper coordinate the interests of employers and employees. At the same time, they increase efficiency and job satisfaction through raising personal responsibility, which will gain the effectiveness of incentives for oil and gas companies.

  3. 'Virtual' central business office: how UMMS improved revenue cycle performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henciak, Bill; Fontaine, Christine; Fields, Keith; Parks, Stacy

    2010-06-01

    Based on its experience with implementing a virtual central business office, UMMS recommends the following steps to ensure the success of such an initiative: Define the process flow for the organization's day-today revenue cycle operations prior to implementation. Then select best practices and milestones for managing accounts. Identify any possible technology issues that could arise during implementation prior to go live. Hold a midproject debriefing with staff. Develop an organizational chart that details who is responsible for handling issues that arise during implementation and afterward.

  4. AN OPTION PRICING MODEL UNDER FUTURE REVENUE UNCERTAINTY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XueMinggao

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss how the value of high-tech firm can be rationally valued by taking into account managerial flexibility when its future revenue is uncertain ,thereby the firm's manager can make rational investment decisionS. Using stochastic control theory, the paper will present that the firm's value satisfies a partially differentiate equation,and analyze the managerial flexibility value within a framework of real-option analytic theorey. Finally,the comparative static analysis and the model's simple application are given.

  5. Identification and management of psychosocial problems among toddlers in Dutch preventive child health care

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reijneveld, S.A.; Brugman, E.; Verhulst, F.C.; Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P.

    2004-01-01

    Objectives: To assess the degree to which preventive child health professionals (CHPs) identify and manage psychosocial problems among preschool children in the general population and to determine the association with parent-reported behavioral and emotional problems, sociodemographic factors, and m

  6. Identification and management of psychosocial problems by preventive child health care

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brugman, E.; Reijneveld, S.A.; Verhulst, F.C.; Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P.

    2001-01-01

    Objectives: To assess the degree to which physicians and nurses working in preventive child health care (child health professionals [CHPs]) identify and manage psychosocial problems in children, and to determine its association with parent-reported behavioral and emotional problems, sociodemographic

  7. Analysis of Classroom Management Problems in Primary Schools in Delta State, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oghuvbu, Enamiroro Patrick; Atakpo, Theresa Edirin

    2008-01-01

    This article identifies classroom management problems, their causes, and possible ways to reduce these problems in primary schools located in Delta State, Nigeria. A total of 600 teachers selected from twelve local government areas participated in this study. Data were collected in a checklist containing 27 items and a two section questionnaire…

  8. ADOPTING THE PROBLEM BASED LEARNING APPROACH IN A GIS PROJECT MANAGEMENT CLASS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Problem Based Learning (PBL) is a process that emphasizes the need for developing problem solving skills through hands-on project formulation and management. A class adopting the PBL method provides students with an environment to acquire necessary knowledge to encounter, unders...

  9. Unified Discipline: A School-Wide Approach for Managing Problem Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Richard; Algozzine, Bob; Audette, Robert; Marr, Mary Beth; Ellis, Edward D., Jr.

    2001-01-01

    This article explains how to implement "unified discipline" as a school-wide approach to managing problem behavior, an approach designed to support educators in meeting the needs of students with emotional and behavioral problems in general education classrooms by establishing unified attitudes, expectations, correction procedures, and team roles.…

  10. Managing Change in the Holding Company as a Factor in Solving Strategic Problems of the Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krivtsov, Artem I.; Polinova, Ludmila V.; Chupina, Irina P.

    2016-01-01

    The relevance of the investigated problem is caused by the necessity of changes in holding company's management systems to address the strategic problems of the region. The purpose of the study is to develop a method of forming teams at the corporate level for the coordination and implementation of programs for the implementation of reforms and…

  11. Identification and management of psychosocial problems among toddlers in Dutch preventive child health care

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reijneveld, S.A.; Brugman, E.; Verhulst, F.C.; Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P.

    2004-01-01

    Objectives: To assess the degree to which preventive child health professionals (CHPs) identify and manage psychosocial problems among preschool children in the general population and to determine the association with parent-reported behavioral and emotional problems, sociodemographic factors, and m

  12. Identification and management of psychosocial problems by preventive child health care

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brugman, E.; Reijneveld, S.A.; Verhulst, F.C.; Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P.

    2001-01-01

    Objectives: To assess the degree to which physicians and nurses working in preventive child health care (child health professionals [CHPs]) identify and manage psychosocial problems in children, and to determine its association with parent-reported behavioral and emotional problems, sociodemographic

  13. ADOPTING THE PROBLEM BASED LEARNING APPROACH IN A GIS PROJECT MANAGEMENT CLASS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Problem Based Learning (PBL) is a process that emphasizes the need for developing problem solving skills through hands-on project formulation and management. A class adopting the PBL method provides students with an environment to acquire necessary knowledge to encounter, unders...

  14. Excel 2010 for health services management statistics a guide to solving practical problems

    CERN Document Server

    Quirk, Thomas J

    2014-01-01

    This is the first book to show the capabilities of Microsoft Excel to teach health services management statistics effectively. It is a step-by-step exercise-driven guide for students and practitioners who need to master Excel to solve practical health services management problems. If understanding statistics isn’t your strongest suit, you are not especially mathematically-inclined, or if you are wary of computers, this is the right book for you.   Excel, a widely available computer program for students and managers, is also an effective teaching and learning tool for quantitative analyses in health services management courses. Its powerful computational ability and graphical functions make learning statistics much easier than in years past. However, Excel 2010 for Health Services Management Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems is the first book to capitalize on these improvements by teaching students and managers how to apply Excel to statistical techniques necessary in their courses and work....

  15. Excel 2016 for health services management statistics a guide to solving problems

    CERN Document Server

    Quirk, Thomas J

    2016-01-01

    This book shows the capabilities of Microsoft Excel in teaching health services management statistics effectively. Similar to the previously published Excel 2013 for Health Services Management Statistics, this book is a step-by-step exercise-driven guide for students and practitioners who need to master Excel to solve practical health service management problems. If understanding statistics isn’t your strongest suit, you are not especially mathematically-inclined, or if you are wary of computers, this is the right book for you. Excel, a widely available computer program for students and managers, is also an effective teaching and learning tool for quantitative analyses in health service courses. Its powerful computational ability and graphical functions make learning statistics much easier than in years past. However, Excel 2016 for Health Services Management Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems is the first book to capitalize on these improvements by teaching students and managers how to apply...

  16. Problem-Based Teaching in International Management: A Political/Economic Risk Assessment Exercise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daly, Paula S.; White, Marion M.; Zisk, Daniel S.; Cavazos, David E.

    2013-01-01

    This article draws from the current literature to examine problem-based learning (PBL) as a management education tool, and provides an example of how to incorporate PBL into an undergraduate international management course. Also included are an explanation of, and specific guidelines for, a PBL exercise focused on the analysis of "country risk"…

  17. Teaching Critical Management Skills: The Role of Problem-Based Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joham, Carmen; Clarke, Marilyn

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores problem-based learning (PBL) as a vehicle for developing critical management skills and preparing students for their future careers. Using student reflections and facilitator observations the paper presents the nature of individuals' experiences with learning and teaching in a PBL setting in the management discipline. The study…

  18. Whole School Behaviour Management and Perceptions of Behaviour Problems in Australian Primary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Nobile, John; London, Teola; El Baba, Mariam

    2015-01-01

    Over the past decade and a half, whole school behaviour management systems have been implemented in many Australian schools in efforts to reduce undesirable behaviours and improve outcomes for students with behaviour problems. There is evidence in the literature suggesting that whole school approaches are more effective at managing student…

  19. Estimation of budgetary management quality in the context of state innovative development problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.M. Frolov

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In the article the authors touch the problem of the contemporary state and effectiveness of innovative activity budgetary support in Ukraine. Scientifically-methodical bases of budgetary management quality estimation, which can be used for the management quality estimation regarding accepting decisions about state innovative development, are improved.

  20. Problem-Solving Management Training Effects on Sales Productivity and Job Satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Paul C.; And Others

    Research suggests that effective organizational change must be led by line personnel rather than by outside consultants. The Performance Management Program (PMP) implemented in two Bell Telephone companies is a line-led, self-help program in which managers participate in problem-solving activities within their own jobs. Marketing and sales…

  1. Saving Face: Managing Rapport in a Problem-Based Learning Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Leslie; Harris, Ann; Burton, Rob

    2015-01-01

    This qualitative study investigated the complex social aspects of communication required for students to participate effectively in Problem-Based Learning and explored how these dynamics are managed. The longitudinal study of a group of first-year undergraduates examined interactions using Rapport Management as a framework to analyse communication…

  2. 77 FR 43355 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submitted for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-24

    ... Office of Natural Resources Revenue Agency Information Collection Activities: Submitted for Office of Management and Budget Review, Comment Request AGENCY: Office of Natural Resources Revenue, Interior. ACTION... information from Indian beneficiaries. ONRR performs the minerals revenue management functions for...

  3. Fishery management problems and possibilities on large southeastern reservoirs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parsons, John W.

    1958-01-01

    Principal problems concerning the fisheries of large reservoirs in the Southeast are: inefficient and highly selective exploitation of fish stocks, and protection and reclamation of damaged or threatened fisheries in tailwaters and tributary streams. Seven mainstream reservoirs on which data are available support an average angling pressure of 4.9 trips per acre per year and an average catch of 16 pounds of sport fish and 6 pounds of food fish. Commercial take is 7 pounds per acre. The rate of catch of sport fish, based upon tag returns, is only 3 percent. Sixteen storage reservoirs support an average angling pressure of 5.0 trips per acre per year and an average catch of 13 pounds of sport fish and 1 pound of food fish. Commercial catch is of no significance. Average rate of catch of sport fish is 17 percent of the catchable population. Fish population studies indicate that there are twice as many sport fish and four times as many food fish in mainstream than there are in storage reservoirs.

  4. Gross Revenue risk in Swiss dairy farming

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Benni, El N.; Finger, R.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated how agricultural policy reforms, including market liberalization and market deregulation, have influenced gross revenue risk of Swiss dairy producers using farm-level panel data between 1990 and 2009. Based on detrended data, variance decomposition was applied to assess how o

  5. Can Sales Tax Revenue Equitably Finance Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jansen, Anicca C.

    In 1988, 66 of Tennessee's rural school districts brought suit against the state government claiming that the school funding system of a local option sales tax discriminates against rural areas. This study examines the effects of increased reliance on local sales tax revenue on Tennessee's school expenditures. Not every county can support a major…

  6. 78 FR 25358 - Internal Revenue Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: The Department of the Treasury, as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, invites the...

  7. Enhancing the revenue cycle experience for patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Consolver, Patti; Phillips, Scott

    2014-09-01

    In 2013, Texas Health Resources began to record discussions with patients at each revenue cycle touch point, from scheduling through registration. The recordings give leaders insight on the accuracy and consistency of information communicated at each touch point and provide a tool for improving customer service. The initiative has improved patient satisfaction and increased point-of-service collections.

  8. 10 CFR 904.5 - Revenue requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... PROJECT Power Marketing § 904.5 Revenue requirements. (a) Western shall collect all electric service... Boulder City Act of 1958 (72 Stat. 1726), as shown on the books of accounts of Reclamation as of May 31... of the Boulder City Act of 1958, shall be the power contract period beginning June 1, 1987,...

  9. Strategies for successfully consolidating revenue operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mardon, Stephanie; Reed, Susan A; Parris, Robert; Bonser, Amanda

    2014-09-01

    Beginning a large revenue cycle consolidation project with a highly disciplined pilot project can support the goal of a predictable and efficient rollout systemwide. A commitment to consistent metrics pays off in continuous improvement, transparency, and accountability. Detailed staffing plans are essential to meeting milestone targets during the transition. The right technology is key to achieving standardization and to measuring progress.

  10. Gross Revenue risk in Swiss dairy farming

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Benni, El N.; Finger, R.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated how agricultural policy reforms, including market liberalization and market deregulation, have influenced gross revenue risk of Swiss dairy producers using farm-level panel data between 1990 and 2009. Based on detrended data, variance decomposition was applied to assess how

  11. Piracy and Box Office Movie Revenues

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peukert, Christian; Claussen, Jörg; Kretschmer, Tobias

    2017-01-01

    In this paper we evaluate the heterogeneous effects of online copyright enforcement. We ask whether the unexpected shutdown of the popular file hosting platform Megaupload had a differential effect on box office revenues of wide-release vs. niche movies. Identification comes from a comparison...

  12. Entrepreneurship in the Community College: Revenue Diversification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brightman, Richard W.

    1989-01-01

    Offers guidelines for community colleges wishing to become involved in for-profit ventures as a means of revenue diversification. Explains the differences between for-profit activities related to the college's non-profit mission and those that are not; alternative organizational structures; and common operations (e.g., catering, retail sales, and…

  13. Hydrological problems of water resources in irrigated agriculture: A management perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Ajay

    2016-10-01

    The development of irrigated agriculture is necessary for fulfilling the rising food requirements of the burgeoning global population. However, the intensification of irrigated agriculture causes the twin menace of waterlogging and soil salinization in arid and semiarid regions where more than 75% of the world's population lives. These problems can be managed by either adopting preventive measures which decrease the inflow of water and salt or by employing remedial measures which increase the outflow. This paper presents an overview of various measures used for the management of waterlogging and salinity problems. The background, processes involved, and severity of waterlogging and salinity problems are provided. The role of drainage systems, conjunctive use of different water sources, use of computer-based mathematical models, and the use of remote sensing and GIS techniques in managing the problems are discussed. Conclusions are provided which could be useful for all the stakeholders.

  14. The Role of Health Systems in Obesity Management and Prevention: Problems and Paradigm Shifts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirk, Sara F L; Penney, Tarra L

    2013-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of a new section of Current Obesity Reports, called Health Services and programs. This new section seeks to better understand the problems within health systems around obesity management and prevention and to discuss the latest research on solutions. There are few health system issues that are quite as controversial as obesity and there remain several key problems inherent within existing obesity management and prevention approaches that necessitate the adoption of new paradigms and practices. Beginning with articles on addressing weight bias and stigma in health professional training, promoting new models of weight management provision, reviewing the role of regulation and generating an understanding of obesity through a complex systems lens, this new section will encourage readers to better address the challenging problems in obesity management and in doing so, overcome the 'paradigm paralysis' that has characterized the last few decades of obesity research and practice.

  15. Readmissions of patients with diabetes mellitus and foot ulcers after infra-popliteal bypass surgery - attacking the problem by an integrated case management model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rümenapf, Gerhard; Geiger, Sandra; Schneider, Brigitte; Amendt, Klaus; Wilhelm, Norbert; Morbach, Stephan; Nagel, Norbert

    2013-01-01

    Patients with neuroischemic diabetic foot syndrome (DFS) may need arterial revascularization, minor amputations, débridements as well as meticulous wound care. Unfortunately, postoperative outpatient care is frequently inadequate. This is especially true for Germany, where the in- and outpatient sectors are funded and managed separately, with poor communication between the two. Thus, many patients may be readmitted to the hospital following successful treatment and discharge. In an attempt to overcome these problems, we looked at whether an integrated case management (CM) system for outpatient care according to in-hospital standards might improve patients care and avoid readmissions. In addition we analyzed the length of hospital stay (LOS) as well as hospital costs. In this retrospective cohort study patients with DFS, bypass surgery and foot surgery after implementation of the CM (study group; n = 376) were compared with a matched historic control group (HCG; n = 190) including the flat rate revenues (G-DRG K01B). Following a standardized assessment, integrated trans-sectoral CM care was offered to 116 patients (CMP). The proportion of patients who were readmitted to hospital was reduced in CMP compared to HCG (8.8 vs. 16.4 %; p surgery, with lower hospital costs.

  16. Ethical problems in nursing management: the role of codes of ethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aitamaa, Elina; Leino-Kilpi, Helena; Puukka, Pauli; Suhonen, Riitta

    2010-07-01

    The aim of this study was to identify the ethical problems that nurse managers encounter in their work and the role of codes of ethics in the solutions to these difficulties. The data were collected using a structured questionnaire and analysed statistically. The target sample included all nurse managers in 21 specialized health care or primary health care organizations in two hospital districts in Finland (N = 501; response rate 41%). The most common ethical problems concerned resource allocation as well as providing and developing high quality care. This was the case in different managerial positions as well as in types of organization. Professional codes of ethics were used more often for problems related to patients' care compared with issues of resource allocation. Nurse managers at middle or strategic management levels used codes of ethics more often than those in charge of a ward. More research is required to investigate ethical decision making in nursing management, especially with regard to problem solving. In addition, new guidelines and continuing education in ethics are important for management personnel.

  17. Caregiver self-efficacy for managing behavioural problems of older people with dementia in Taiwan correlates with care receivers' behavioural problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Huei-Ling; Shyu, Yea-Ing Lotus; Chen, Sien-Tsong; Hsu, Wen-Chuin

    2009-09-01

    To investigate the relationship between family caregivers' self-efficacy for managing behavioural problems of older people with dementia and their behavioural problems in Taiwan. Older people with dementia commonly have at least one behavioural problem, which caregivers complain is difficult to handle. To provide interventions that can help caregivers more effectively manage the behavioural problems of care receivers with dementia, caregivers' self-efficacy on managing behavioural problems must be assessed. However, it is not clear yet how these behavioural problems of older people with dementia may influence caregivers' self-efficacy for managing behavioural problems. A prospective, correlational study. Eighty dyads of older people with dementia and their family caregivers were recruited from neurological clinics of a medical centre in Taiwan. Care receivers were assessed for behavioural problems using the Chinese version of Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory, community form. Caregivers' self-efficacy for managing care receivers' agitation was measured by the research team-developed Agitation Management Self-Efficacy Scale. Caregiver self-efficacy for managing behavioural problems was significantly and positively associated with more caregiver education, greater duration of caregiving and with care receivers' less physically non-aggressive behaviours. When caregiver characteristics were controlled for in hierarchical regression analysis, physically non-aggressive behaviours explained 6% of the variance in caregiver self-efficacy. Results of this study contradict the general belief that physically aggressive behaviours of elders with dementia are more difficult for family caregivers to handle than other behavioural problems. Clinicians need to address physically non-aggressive problem behaviours. Nurses could assess older patients with dementia for physically non-aggressive behaviours and train less educated caregivers to improve their self-efficacy for managing

  18. Procedures for aggregating citizen preferences in the context of the nuclear waste management problem. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brock, H.W.; Sauer, G.L.

    1978-10-01

    The purpose of the present paper is to provide an introduction to the theory of social choice and related disciplines, and to relate this theory to the concrete problem of nuclear waste management. In Section I of this report, an overview of the problem is provided. In Section II, two candidate preference aggregation procedures that can be used to identify a socially optimal waste management policy are identified. In Section III, a somewhat lengthy defense of the use of these two aggregation procedures is presented. Each is shown to be compatible with four intuitively appealing criteria of collective decision-making. In Section IV the application of one of the procedures to the evaluation of waste management alternatives is discussed. In Section V the problem of inferring evaluation parameters from expert and laypersons' judgments is addressed.

  19. Procedures for aggregating citizen preferences in the context of the nuclear waste management problem. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brock, H.W.; Sauer, G.L.

    1978-10-01

    The purpose of the present paper is to provide an introduction to the theory of social choice and related disciplines, and to relate this theory to the concrete problem of nuclear waste management. In Section I of this report, an overview of the problem is provided. In Section II, two candidate preference aggregation procedures that can be used to identify a socially optimal waste management policy are identified. In Section III, a somewhat lengthy defense of the use of these two aggregation procedures is presented. Each is shown to be compatible with four intuitively appealing criteria of collective decision-making. In Section IV the application of one of the procedures to the evaluation of waste management alternatives is discussed. In Section V the problem of inferring evaluation parameters from expert and laypersons' judgments is addressed.

  20. Identification and management of potential problems in aquifer thermal energy storage systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michel, F.A. [Carleton Univ., Ottawa, ON (Canada); Allen, D.M. [Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, BC (Canada)

    2003-07-01

    There is renewed interest in alternative renewable energy sources because of high energy prices, shortages in peak load electrical supplies, and environmental considerations. Worldwide efforts are being made to extract thermal energy from the ground for heating and cooling individual dwellings and industrial and institutional complexes. Aquifer thermal energy storage systems offer a viable option. Often, there is a poor understanding of the problems associated with the well field, resulting in resistance in the consideration and implementation of the technology. Well-field problems include pressure build-up in the reinjection wells resulting in reduced flow conditions. Other problems associated with well-field configuration include wellbore clogging due to sediment accumulation, scaling, degassing or bio-fouling. These problems are often associated with changes in temperature and pressure. The authors examined these problems and presented guidelines to assist in the identification and management of the potential problems. 2 refs., 1 fig.

  1. Emergency Management of Maritime Accidents in the Yangtze River: Problems, Practice and Prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin Ping Yan

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Maritime accidents have received considerable attentions due to the enormous property damage, casualties and serious environmental pollution. This paper first makes statistical analysis of the different types of maritime accidents in the period of 2012 to 2014 in the Yangtze River. Second, the problems of emergency management of maritime accidents are also proposed from the analysis of the major accident “Eastern Star”.. Afterwards, four practice cases, including decision support for maritime accidents, emergency resource allocation, emergency simulation system and effectiveness of emergency management, are introduced to present the insights gained from these practices. Last, in order to address these problems, this paper proposes that an artificial societies, Computational experiments, and Parallel execution (ACP approach should be introduced to establish an improved management system for maritime accidents in the future, and an ACP based maritime accident emergency management framework is proposed.

  2. The transition to emerging revenue models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, John M; Hemnani, Rashi

    2013-04-01

    A financial assessment aimed at gauging the true impact of the healthcare industry's new value-based payment models for a health system should begin with separate analyses of the following: The direct contract results, The impact of volume changes on net income, The impact of operational improvements, Net income at risk from competitor actions. The results of these four analyses then should be evaluated in combination to identify the ultimate impact of the new revenue models on the health system's bottom line.

  3. IFRS 15: REVENUE RECOGNITION WILL NEVER BE THE SAME AGAIN

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gary Berchowitz; Simon Whitehead

    2014-01-01

      IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with customers replaces all previous IFRS revenue guidance, so construction contracts that were previously in the scope of IAS 11 Construction contracts will no longer...

  4. An investigation on the effect of emotional management problems on children's anxiety

    OpenAIRE

    Afrooz Afshari; Hamid Taher Neshat Doost; Sholeh Amiri; Mozhgan Kar Ahmadi; Mohammad Reza Marasy

    2014-01-01

    Today’s research on emotion regulation reveals its importance on many mental and physical heath related issues. One of the problems to deregulation of emotions is anxiety disorders subject. The aim of this research is to identify the relationship between emotional management problems including emotional inhibition, emotional deregulation and emotional coping on children’s anxiety symptoms, where it includes separation anxiety, social anxiety, panic disorder, school phobia and generalized anxi...

  5. Detecting Usability Problems with Eye Tracking in Airborne Battle Management Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-11-01

    UNCLASSIFIED Defense Technical Information Center Compilation Part Notice ADPO10701 TITLE: Detecting Usability Problems with Eye Tracking in Airborne...problems with eye tracking in airborne battle management support Frank Ole Flemisch Reiner Onken Universitdt der Bundeswehr MiInchen Wemer-Heisenberg-Weg...by a ided factors analysis offering them a full mission replay in the simulator S ituation and analysis of behavior cannot including the eye tracking records

  6. An ecological problem-solving process for managing special-interest species

    Science.gov (United States)

    Short, H.L.; Williamson, S.C.

    1988-01-01

    We present a structured problem-solving process that can help resolve wildlife management issues. Management goals for wildlife species are expressed in terms of populations to be attained and maintained. Habitat quantity and quality necessary to achieve those population goals can then be determined. Proposed land-use changes are evaluated in terms of how they will contribute toward recovery of extinction of the species of interest.

  7. Uncertainty in Fuzzy Membership Functions for a River Water Quality Management Problem

    OpenAIRE

    Karmakar, Subhankar; Mujumdar, PP

    2004-01-01

    Uncertainty associated with fuzzy membership functions for a water quality management problem is addressed through interval grey numbers. The lower and upper bounds of the membership functions are expressed as interval grey numbers, and the membership functions are modeled as imprecise membership functions. A grey fuzzy optimization model for water quality management of a river system is developed. Application of the optimization model with imprecise membership functions is illustrated with a...

  8. A Pareto Improving Strategy for the Time-Dependent Morning Commute Problem

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia, Reinaldo Crispiniano

    1999-01-01

    This dissertation describes a strategy which makes all commuters better off (i.e. a Pareto effecient strategy) for the time-dependent morning commute problem, even if the collected revenues are not returned to the population of commuters. The proposed strategy will apply road pricing as a tool for congestion management, a practice usually called congestion pricing. 

  9. Revenue and Expenditure Nexus: A Case Study of Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qazi Muhammad Adnan HYE

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This study determines the causal relationship between the expenditure and revenue of government in the case of Romania by using the autoregressive distributive lag approach to cointegration, variance decomposition and rolling regression method. The results indicate that bidirectional long run relationship exist between expenditure and revenue of government. The variance decomposition method suggests government revenue shock has more sharply impact on the government expenditure as compared to the shock in government expenditure and response of government revenue collection.

  10. A four-tier problem-solving scaffold to teach pain management in dental school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanoff, Chris S; Hottel, Timothy L

    2013-06-01

    Pain constitutes a major reason patients pursue dental treatment. This article presents a novel curriculum to provide dental students comprehensive training in the management of pain. The curriculum's four-tier scaffold combines traditional and problem-based learning to improve students' diagnostic, pharmacotherapeutic, and assessment skills to optimize decision making when treating pain. Tier 1 provides underpinning knowledge of pain mechanisms with traditional and contextualized instruction by integrating clinical correlations and studying worked cases that stimulate clinical thinking. Tier 2 develops critical decision making skills through self-directed learning and actively solving problem-based cases. Tier 3 exposes students to management approaches taken in allied health fields and cultivates interdisciplinary communication skills. Tier 4 provides a "knowledge and experience synthesis" by rotating students through community pain clinics to practice their assessment skills. This combined teaching approach aims to increase critical thinking and problem-solving skills to assist dental graduates in better management of pain throughout their careers. Dental curricula that have moved to comprehensive care/private practice models are well-suited for this educational approach. The goal of this article is to encourage dental schools to integrate pain management into their curricula, to develop pain management curriculum resources for dental students, and to provide leadership for change in pain management education.

  11. Impact of Market Behavior, Fleet Composition, and Ancillary Services on Revenue Sufficiency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frew, Bethany [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Gallo, Giulia [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Brinkman, Gregory [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Milligan, Michael [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Clark, Kara [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Bloom, Aaron [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2016-06-01

    Revenue insufficiency, or the missing money problem, occurs when the revenues that generators earn from the market are not sufficient to cover both fixed and variable costs to remain in the market and/or justify investments in new capacity, which may be needed for reliability. The near-zero marginal cost of variable renewable generators further exacerbates these revenue challenges. Estimating the extent of the missing money problem in current electricity markets is an important, nontrivial task that requires representing both how the power system operates and how market participants behave. This paper explores the missing money problem using a production cost model that represented a simplified version of the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) energy-only market for the years 2012-2014. We evaluate how various market structures -- including market behavior, ancillary services, and changing fleet compositions -- affect net revenues in this ERCOT-like system. In most production cost modeling exercises, resources are assumed to offer their marginal capabilities at marginal costs. Although this assumption is reasonable for feasibility studies and long-term planning, it does not adequately consider the market behaviors that impact revenue sufficiency. In this work, we simulate a limited set of market participant strategic bidding behaviors by means of different sets of markups; these markups are applied to the true production costs of all gas generators, which are the most prominent generators in ERCOT. Results show that markups can help generators increase their net revenues overall, although net revenues may increase or decrease depending on the technology and the year under study. Results also confirm that conventional, variable-cost-based production cost simulations do not capture prices accurately, and this particular feature calls for proxies for strategic behaviors (e.g., markups) and more accurate representations of how electricity markets work. The

  12. 47 CFR 32.5060 - Other basic area revenue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... network services. This account shall also include local revenue not provided for in other accounts. (b... local network services only when they are not separately identifiable by local network services revenue... resulting from a settlement process can be identified by Local Network Services Revenue account they...

  13. The Vulnerability Framework Integrates Various Models of Generating Surplus Revenue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maniaci, Vincent

    2004-01-01

    Budgets operationalize the strategic planning process, and institutions must have surplus revenue to be able to cope with future operations. There are three approaches to generate surplus revenue: increased revenue, decreased cost, and reallocation of resources. Extending their earlier work, where they established strategic benchmarks for annual…

  14. Identifying and Mitigating Sources of School Revenue Erosion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prombo, Michael; Dalianis, Ares G.; Metcalf, Scott R.

    2009-01-01

    Preserving existing revenues is an essential component of the work of school business officials. The broad ranges of activities that can affect school district revenues make identifying potential threats difficult. By understanding the issues that affect school district revenue, school business officials are better able to diminish its erosion--a…

  15. 47 CFR 36.213 - Network access services revenues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Network access services revenues. 36.213 Section 36.213 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES... Income Accounts Operating Revenues § 36.213 Network access services revenues. (a) End User...

  16. THE IMPACT OF ECONOMIC CRISIS ON THE FISCAL REVENUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inceu Adrian

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper tries to evaluate the situation of the fiscal revenues in Romania in the context of economic and financial crisis, because the fiscal revenues are the major source of financing the public expenditure. The evolution of the level of fiscal revenu

  17. Modeling an integrated hospital management planning problem using integer optimization approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sitepu, Suryati; Mawengkang, Herman; Irvan

    2017-09-01

    Hospital is a very important institution to provide health care for people. It is not surprising that nowadays the people’s demands for hospital is increasing. However, due to the rising cost of healthcare services, hospitals need to consider efficiencies in order to overcome these two problems. This paper deals with an integrated strategy of staff capacity management and bed allocation planning to tackle these problems. Mathematically, the strategy can be modeled as an integer linear programming problem. We solve the model using a direct neighborhood search approach, based on the notion of superbasic variables.

  18. Problems experienced by role players within the managed healthcare context in Gauteng

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Mahlo

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available Role players within the context of managed healthcare in Gauteng experience problems in the delivery of healthcare, which negatively affect their working relationships. This in turn, affects the quality of care provided to patients. The purpose of this study is to explore and describe the problem experienced by different role players within the context of managed healthcare in Gauteng, as well as the suggested solutions to counteract these problems. These results will be utilised as the basis of a conceptual framework to formulate a strategy to enhance the working relationships amongst these role players. The strategy will not be discussed in this article as the focus is on the problems experienced by the role players in the delivery of healthcare, as well as suggested solutions in the counteraction thereof. A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual study was followed to explore and describe the problems, as well as the suggested solutions to counteract these problems. Focus group interviews were conducted to collect data from three private hospitals, three managed care organisations and four general medical practitioners in Gauteng. The participants were purposively and conveniently selected. Content analysis as described by Tesch (1990 was followed to analyse the data. The main problems experienced were related to inadequate communication, inadequate staff competence, cost saving versus quality care, procedural complexity, perceived loss of power by doctors and patients and the system of accounts payment. The suggested solutions focused mainly on empowerment and standardisation of procedures. It is recommended that replication studies of this nature be conducted in other provinces and that ethical standards are formulated within the managed healthcare context.

  19. Service Provider Revenue Dependence of Offered Number of Service Classes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. S. Aćimović-Raspopović

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper possible applications of responsive pricing scheme and Stackelberg game for pricing telecommunication services with service provider as a leader and users acting as followers are analyzed. We have classified users according to an elasticity criterion into inelastic, partially elastic and elastic users. Their preferences are modelled through utility functions, which describe users’ sensitivity to changes in the quality of service and price. In the proposed algorithm a bandwidth management server is responsible for performing automatic optimal bandwidth allocation to each user’s session while maximizing its expected utility and the overall service provider’s revenue. The pricing algorithm is used for congestion control and more efficient network capacity utilization. We have analyzed different scenarios of the proposed usage-based pricing algorithm. Particularly, the influence of the number of service classes on price setting in terms of service provider’s revenue and total users’ utility maximization are discussed. The model is verified through numerous simulations performed by software that we have developed for that purpose.

  20. An Empirical Study of Hospitality Management Student Attitudes toward Group Projects: Instructional Factors and Team Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Youngsoo; Ro, Heejung

    2012-01-01

    The development of positive attitudes in team-based work is important in management education. This study investigates hospitality students' attitudes toward group projects by examining instructional factors and team problems. Specifically, we examine how the students' perceptions of project appropriateness, instructors' support, and evaluation…

  1. Case Management as a Significant Component of Usual Care Psychotherapy for Youth with Disruptive Behavior Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoffness, Rachel; Garland, Ann; Brookman-Frazee, Lauren; Roesch, Scott

    2009-01-01

    Youth with disruptive behavior problems (DBPs) represent the majority of youth served in usual care (UC) psychotherapy, and are at high risk for maladaptive outcomes. Little is known about UC psychotherapeutic strategies utilized with this population. Researchers and clinicians suggest that case management (CM) is a major activity occurring in…

  2. Case Management as a Significant Component of Usual Care Psychotherapy for Youth with Disruptive Behavior Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoffness, Rachel; Garland, Ann; Brookman-Frazee, Lauren; Roesch, Scott

    2009-01-01

    Youth with disruptive behavior problems (DBPs) represent the majority of youth served in usual care (UC) psychotherapy, and are at high risk for maladaptive outcomes. Little is known about UC psychotherapeutic strategies utilized with this population. Researchers and clinicians suggest that case management (CM) is a major activity occurring in…

  3. Addressing Bullying Problems in Irish Schools and in Cyberspace: A Challenge for School Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corcoran, Lucie; Mc Guckin, Conor

    2014-01-01

    Background: School management, in Ireland and also internationally, are currently faced with the problem of peer aggression among students both in a traditional school context and in a cyber context. Although Irish school principals are obliged to implement policy and procedures to counter bullying among students, there is a need for guidance that…

  4. Information Management and Behavior Problems: Is Concealing Misbehavior Necessarily a Sign of Trouble?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laird, Robert D.; Marrero, Matthew D.

    2010-01-01

    This study sought to determine whether adolescents' strategic management of information about their misbehavior was associated with behavior problems and whether the associations were moderated by parental trust or adolescent authority beliefs. Data were provided by 218 mother-adolescent dyads. Adolescents (49% female; M age = 12 years) reported…

  5. A Socio Behavioural Perspective for Understanding and Managing Behaviour Problems in Children with Epilepsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. A. Cull

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, reasons for the occurrence of interictal behaviour disturbance in children with epilepsy, and the management of such problems, are considered. The search for a direct relationship between epilepsy related variables and behaviour disorders is far from conclusive. While such a relationship may exist with respect to ictal behaviour problems, this line of investigation is of limited value in respect of its implications for the management of interictal problems. In the latter case it is proposed that organic factors may be considered to be a risk factor. In addition, the negative psychosocial sequelae of a diagnosis of epilepsy can result in conditions which are likely to foster the development of inappropriate behaviours. Learning theory would further suggest that environmental contingencies have a role to play in the shaping and maintenance of such behaviours. This broader framework for conceptualising the development and maintenance of interictal behaviour disorders has clear management implications. Clinical examples of the successful application of this approach to the management of persistent behavioural problems in two young people with epilepsy are presented.

  6. Student Opinions about the Seven-Step Procedure in Problem-Based Hospitality Management Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwaal, Wichard; Otting, Hans

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates how hospitality management students appreciate the role and application of the seven-step procedure in problem-based learning. A survey was developed containing sections about personal characteristics, recall of the seven steps, overall report marks, and 30 statements about the seven-step procedure. The survey was…

  7. An Empirical Study of Hospitality Management Student Attitudes toward Group Projects: Instructional Factors and Team Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Youngsoo; Ro, Heejung

    2012-01-01

    The development of positive attitudes in team-based work is important in management education. This study investigates hospitality students' attitudes toward group projects by examining instructional factors and team problems. Specifically, we examine how the students' perceptions of project appropriateness, instructors' support, and evaluation…

  8. Developing Clinical Competency in Crisis Event Management: An Integrated Simulation Problem-Based Learning Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liaw, S. Y.; Chen, F. G.; Klainin, P.; Brammer, J.; O'Brien, A.; Samarasekera, D. D.

    2010-01-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the integration of a simulation based learning activity on nursing students' clinical crisis management performance in a problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum. It was hypothesized that the clinical performance of first year nursing students who participated in a simulated learning activity during the PBL session…

  9. Introducing Problem-Based Learning to Undergraduate IT Service Management Course: Student Satisfaction and Work Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anicic, Katarina Pažur; Mekovec, Renata

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes the implementation of problem-based learning (PBL) principles in an undergraduate IT service management course, followed by the results about student satisfaction and work performance. The results indicate the students' general satisfaction with the course implementation, as well as some challenges regarding the…

  10. Addressing Bullying Problems in Irish Schools and in Cyberspace: A Challenge for School Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corcoran, Lucie; Mc Guckin, Conor

    2014-01-01

    Background: School management, in Ireland and also internationally, are currently faced with the problem of peer aggression among students both in a traditional school context and in a cyber context. Although Irish school principals are obliged to implement policy and procedures to counter bullying among students, there is a need for guidance that…

  11. The Effectiveness of Antipsychotic Medication in the Management of Behaviour Problems in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deb, S.; Sohanpal, S. K.; Soni, R.; Lenotre, L.; Unwin, G.

    2007-01-01

    Background: Psychopharmacological intervention in the management of behaviour problems in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) has become a common treatment strategy. This has become a cause for concern, given that the evidence for its effectiveness is uncertain and most drugs are not licensed for this use. Methods: A comprehensive…

  12. Developing Clinical Competency in Crisis Event Management: An Integrated Simulation Problem-Based Learning Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liaw, S. Y.; Chen, F. G.; Klainin, P.; Brammer, J.; O'Brien, A.; Samarasekera, D. D.

    2010-01-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the integration of a simulation based learning activity on nursing students' clinical crisis management performance in a problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum. It was hypothesized that the clinical performance of first year nursing students who participated in a simulated learning activity during the PBL session…

  13. Overcoming the "Walmart Syndrome": Adapting Problem-Based Management Education in East Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hallinger, Philip; Lu, Jiafang

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores design issues to be considered in adapting the problem-based learning (PBL) for use in the context of East Asian higher education and tests its instructional effectiveness in a Master of Management degree program at a graduate school of business (GSB) in Thailand. The research analyzes course evaluation data obtained from…

  14. A problem-oriented approach for DEM data management and manipulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Fengru; Fang, Yu; Chen, Bin

    2009-10-01

    For the last decades, GIS software technologies have made tremendous development and applied to many special fields when their targets are relevant to geographical locations. But the basis of cartographic mapping of GIS is a restriction for more development in GIS data modelling, storage and manipulation. Recently, much attention is being paid on ORDBMS(Object Relational Database Management System) to represent and manage GIS Data. New approaches have earned acceptance in many research communities and several proposals have emerged in commercial software for solving the management and manipulation on GIS vector data. Though the storage and management of field-based model data(e.g. raster, DEM, TIN) have got less achievement and people still use files and procedural ways to manipulation field-based GIS data in common applications. In this paper a new structure model using ORDBMS technology for field-based data's storage and management was proposed on the basis of full discussion on several GIS data management technologies, then a problem-oriented approach for DEM data management and manipulation was designed and implemented through open source software systems PostgreSQL and Python language. Experimental examples of different DEM data souces were stored, managed and used by using the extended spatial database system. The experiments illustrated that this solution would be a useful supplement to spatial database and it provided an effective way to DEM data management and analysis, and support the interoperability between vector data and field data.

  15. Do parties matter for local revenue policies? A comparison of Denmark and Norway

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blom-Hansen, Jens; Monkerud, Lars Christian; Sørensen, Rune

    2006-01-01

    initiatives. Empirically, the question is unsettled. The paper investigates the problem by looking at three revenue policy areas (income and property taxation and user charges) in two countries (Denmark and Norway). It uses data from the municipal level and thus has several hundreds of units to compare...

  16. Decomposing the promotional revenue bump for loyalty program members versus nonmembers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Heerde, H.J.; Bijmolt, T.H.A.

    2005-01-01

    Loyalty programs lead to a natural split of a firm's customer base into members and nonmembers. To manage both groups effectively, it is essential to know how marketing activities, such as promotions, affect both groups' contributions to revenues. The authors model each group's contribution as the n

  17. Decomposing the promotional revenue bump for loyalty program members versus nonmembers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Heerde, H.J.; Bijmolt, T.H.A.

    2005-01-01

    Loyalty programs lead to a natural split of a firm's customer base into members and nonmembers. To manage both groups effectively, it is essential to know how marketing activities, such as promotions, affect both groups' contributions to revenues. The authors model each group's contribution as the

  18. The environmental management problem of Pohorje, Slovenia: A new group approach within ANP - SWOT framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grošelj, Petra; Zadnik Stirn, Lidija

    2015-09-15

    Environmental management problems can be dealt with by combining participatory methods, which make it possible to include various stakeholders in a decision-making process, and multi-criteria methods, which offer a formal model for structuring and solving a problem. This paper proposes a three-phase decision making approach based on the analytic network process and SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) analysis. The approach enables inclusion of various stakeholders or groups of stakeholders in particular stages of decision making. The structure of the proposed approach is composed of a network consisting of an objective cluster, a cluster of strategic goals, a cluster of SWOT factors and a cluster of alternatives. The application of the suggested approach is applied to a management problem of Pohorje, a mountainous area in Slovenia. Stakeholders from sectors that are important for Pohorje (forestry, agriculture, tourism and nature protection agencies) who can offer a wide range of expert knowledge were included in the decision-making process. The results identify the alternative of "sustainable development" as the most appropriate for development of Pohorje. The application in the paper offers an example of employing the new approach to an environmental management problem. This can also be applied to decision-making problems in various other fields.

  19. PROACTIVE APPROACH TO THE INCIDENT AND PROBLEM MANAGEMENT IN COMMUNICATION NETWORKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vjeran Strahonja

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Proactive approach to communication network maintenance has the capability of enhancing the integrity and reliability of communication networks, as well as of reducing maintenance costs and overall number of incidents. This paper presents approaches to problem and incident prevention with the help of root-cause analysis, aligning that with the goal to foresee software performance. Implementation of proactive approach requires recognition of enterprise's current level of maintenance better insights into available approaches and tools, as well as their comparison, interoperability, integration and further development. The approach we are proposing and elaborating in this paper lies on the construction of a metamodel of the problem management of information technology, particularly the proactive problem management. The metamodel is derived from the original ITIL specification and presented in an object-oriented fashion by using structure (class diagrams conform to UML notation. Based on current research, appropriate metrics based on the concept of Key Performance Indicators is suggested.

  20. Problems and Countermeasures in the Supply Chain Management of Flower Industry in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis the elementary theory of supply chain management,the features and problems in the supply-chain management of flowers in Yunnan Province are analyzed.The problems include poor image of flowers caused by low-end package,imperfect supply-chain structure,and weak processing section after harvesting flowers,hard to launch the cold chain transportation and inadequate awareness of enterprises on consumers.The countermeasures are put forward,which include perfecting various kinds of supply chain structure;intensifying the information system management of flowers in Yunnan Province;developing the cold chain logistics and cultivating and supporting the third-party logistics of flower industry in Yunnan Province.

  1. Basic problems of management in the sphere of forest relations in retrospect of public prosecutor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. A. Kuzmin

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Public administration of forests is one of the most important sectors of ecological public administration at the national and local levels. Forest legislation is the legal basis for management, whose quality and regulatory capacity ensure the effectiveness of state power activities aimed at sustainable use, protection and regeneration of forests. The need for reforming and properly updating forest legislation and law enforcement is long overdue, which is confirmed by scientific studies and actual facts. A basic problem of forest management is the absence of an official definition of «forest» and «urban forest». Problems of forest fire protection and management problems in the forest sector (e.g. related to the provision of forest plots and the sale and purchase of forest stands are widespread. Management problems also cover a mismatch of legislative activity of the competent entities regarding the regulation of forestry relations, the one-time combination of regulatory and supervisory functions in the same bodies, as well as the lack of a single current and objective system of state cadastral registration. The paper mentions peculiarities of identifying legal responsibility for forest offenses. It is noted that office of public prosecutor, being a central supervisory agency of the state due to the nature of its job and position in a system of separation of powers, has vast (if compared with other subjects of administrative relations opportunities to identify, overcome and eliminate the problems of management of forests. The paper considers separate case materials that show an active role of the national public prosecutor’s office in supporting law and order in the examined field. Generalized conclusions are drawn based on the results of the study.

  2. THE OPINION OF MANAGERS AND TEACHERS ON DISCIPLINE PROBLEMS AT ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Latife KABAKLI ÇİMEN

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted to analyse the approach of secondary school teachers to disciplinary problems. The controlled group of the research, which was made with the model of screening, was formed by 240 teachers. The data of the research we re gained by personal data form, which was prepared by the researcher , and reasons of discipline questionnaire designed by Cerci (2009. Collected data was coded and analyzed by SPSS programme. Due to the results of the research; the approach to disciplinary problems of managers and teachers, w ho work in high schools, do not differentiate regarding their sex, whether they hold bachelors or postgraduate degree. The opinions of managers and teachers, who work in secondary schools, regarding disciplinary problems depending on whether they are manag ers or teachers, are similar for 21 out of 24 items and different for 3 items. The opinions of managers and teachers, who work in high schools, regarding disciplinary problems with the variable of what type of school they work, are similar for 20 o ut of 24 items and different for 4 item s, with the variable of age their disciplinary opinions are similar for 22 out of 24 items and different for 2 item s. The opinions of managers and teachers, who work in secondary schools, regarding disciplinary problems with the variable of experience, are similar for 21 out of 24 items and different for 3 item s; with the variable of which school they graduated their disciplinary opinions are similar for 19 out of 24 items and different for 5 item s.

  3. Government, market and community in urban solid waste management; problems and potentials in the transition to sustainable development?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Post, J.; Baud, I.S.A.; Baud, I.S.A.; Furedy, C.; Post, J.

    2004-01-01

    -Post, Johan and Isa Baud (2004) Government, market and community in urban solid waste management; problems and potentials in the transition to sustainable development? in: Baud, Isa., Johan. Post and Christine Furedy (2004) Solid Waste Management and Rec

  4. Tourism revenue as a conservation tool for threatened birds in protected areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steven, Rochelle; Castley, J Guy; Buckley, Ralf

    2013-01-01

    Many bird populations worldwide are at risk of extinction, and rely heavily on protected area networks for their continued conservation. Tourism to these areas contributes to conservation by generating revenue for management. Here we quantify the contribution of tourism revenue for bird species in the IUCN Red List, using a simple accounting method. Relevant data are available for 90 (16%) of the 562 critically endangered and endangered species. Contributions of tourism to bird conservation are highest, 10-64%, in South America, Africa, and their neighbouring islands. Critically endangered bird species rely on tourism more heavily than endangered species (ptourism specifically.

  5. Parental persuasive strategies in the face of daily problems in adolescent type 1 diabetes management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, Cynthia A; Butner, Jonathan E; Butler, Jorie M; King, Pamela S; Hughes, Amy E; Wiebe, Deborah J

    2013-07-01

    The study examined (1) whether daily diabetes problems that adolescents experience were associated with parental persuasive strategies (e.g., persuading the adolescent to do more to manage diabetes), (2) whether this association was mediated through greater parental worry and lower confidence in adolescents' abilities, and (3) how parental persuasive strategies may provide corrections for subsequent blood glucose control but reduce adolescent confidence for adolescents high in self-efficacy. Adolescents with Type 1 diabetes (N = 180, ages 10.50-15.58 years) and their mothers (N = 176) and fathers (N = 139) completed diaries for 14 days reporting on problems experienced with diabetes, maternal and paternal use of persuasive strategies, and confidence in adolescents' ability to manage diabetes. Parents reported their daily worry about diabetes, adolescents reported their general self-efficacy for diabetes management, and blood glucose was downloaded from glucometers. Across reporters, multilevel modeling revealed that parents used more persuasive strategies on days when more diabetes problems were experienced. This association was mediated through parents' greater worry and lower confidence in adolescents' ability to manage diabetes. Lagged analyses revealed that adolescents' perceptions of maternal persuasive strategies were associated with improvements in next-day blood glucose, but also with reductions in adolescents' daily confidence for those high in self-efficacy. Parental persuasive strategies appear responsive to daily problems that adolescents experience in diabetes management. Mothers' persuasive strategies may have the dual effects of correcting blood glucose levels but reducing the more self-efficacious adolescents' confidence in their own ability to manage diabetes. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved.

  6. Revenue management in order-driven production systems:Modifications of dynamic capacity apportionment procedure%订单驱动生产系统中的收益管理——对动态产能分配机制的改进

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶星; 丁邡; 蓝颖杰; 王其文

    2013-01-01

    The dynamic capacity apportionment procedure (DCAP) is a heuristic revenue management method applicable in an order-driven production system. This article improves upon the DCAP in two important aspects: 1) Through further refining one of DCAP's scenarios, it gave the approximate revenue function based on the apportionment ratio of the remaining unreserved capacity. 2) It proposed a new approach to calculating the apportionment ratio, which effectively improves all the estimated revenue functions that involve such a ratio, and promotes the overall accuracy of DCAP and the decisions that follow. A simulation experiment showed improved DCAP (IDCAP) indeed performs better for various simulation settings, using exactly the same scheduling algorithm. This work enriches the theory of DCAP and potentially improve productivity.%动态产能分配机制(DCAP)是一种应用于订单驱动生产系统的启发式收益管理方法.通过更精细地分析,对DCAP在如下两方面进行了重要改进:1)细分了DCAP四个场景的一个,并给出了基于剩余未保护产能分配比例估算收益函数的方法;2)提出了一种新的近似计算分配比例的方法,改进了所有涉及分配比例的收益函数,从而提高了DCAP的精确度和相应决策的正确性,计算模拟验证了,在运用相同排程方法的前提下,改进后的方法(IDCAP)在众多模拟情景中优于原有的DCAP.这些工作改善了DCAP的理论分析,并对生产实践有较好的指导意义.

  7. Poverty and Share Revenue in the Cameroon Cocoa Zone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Folefack, DP.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluates the revenue level and unequal poverty revenue in the Cameroonian cocoa zone. The results show a great variability on the revenues generating activities to producers of cocoa in Cameroon. These activities generate an average revenue of 1 215 622 FCFA per year, with an annual average revenue of 145 933 FCFA per person. We realize through the indice of Gini 0.61 that the concentration of these revenues is most strong in Cameroon and the poverty rate is still affecting 69% of the population. We observe as well that the average revenue of 228 263 FCFA per year and per person for the producers of South West. They are thus the richest, inspite of the high degree of concentration. In the Centre, the population have a high average annual revenue of 87 257 FCFA per person and the concentration seems to be in a lower degree. Finally, in the South we find the poorest with a revenue of 53 504 FCFA per year and per person and the concentration is more important. An analysis based on unequal indicators shows in general that the revenue per person is relatively low and the degree of concentration of revenue is stronger in the Cameroonian cocoa zone.

  8. Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yekini Shehu

    2010-01-01

    real Banach space which is also uniformly smooth using the properties of generalized f-projection operator. Using this result, we discuss strong convergence theorem concerning general H-monotone mappings and system of generalized mixed equilibrium problems in Banach spaces. Our results extend many known recent results in the literature.

  9. Excel 2010 for human resource management statistics a guide to solving practical problems

    CERN Document Server

    Quirk, Thomas J

    2014-01-01

    This is the first book to show the capabilities of Microsoft Excel to teach human resource  management statistics effectively.  It is a step-by-step exercise-driven guide for students and practitioners who need to master Excel to solve practical human resource management problems.  If understanding statistics isn’t your strongest suit, you are not especially mathematically-inclined, or if you are wary of computers, this is the right book for you.  Excel, a widely available computer program for students and managers, is also an effective teaching and learning tool for quantitative analyses in human resource management courses.  Its powerful computational ability and graphical functions make learning statistics much easier than in years past.  However, Excel 2010 for Human Resource Management Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems is the first book to capitalize on these improvements by teaching students and managers how to apply Excel to statistical techniques necessary in their courses and ...

  10. Building co-management as a process: problem solving through partnerships in Aboriginal country, Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zurba, Melanie; Ross, Helen; Izurieta, Arturo; Rist, Philip; Bock, Ellie; Berkes, Fikret

    2012-06-01

    Collaborative problem solving has increasingly become important in the face of the complexities in the management of resources, including protected areas. The strategy undertaken by Girringun Aboriginal Corporation in north tropical Queensland, Australia, for developing co-management demonstrates the potential for a problem solving approach involving sequential initiatives, as an alternative to the more familiar negotiated agreements for co-management. Our longitudinal case study focuses on the development of indigenous ranger units as a strategic mechanism for the involvement of traditional owners in managing their country in collaboration with government and other interested parties. This was followed by Australia's first traditional use of marine resources agreement, and development of a multi-jurisdictional, land to sea, indigenous protected area. In using a relationship building approach to develop regional scale co-management, Girringun has been strengthening its capabilities as collaborator and regional service provider, thus, bringing customary decision-making structures into play to 'care for country'. From this evolving process we have identified the key components of a relationship building strategy, 'the pillars of co-management'. This approach includes learning-by-doing, the building of respect and rapport, sorting out responsibilities, practical engagement, and capacity-building.

  11. Problems and prospects of the application of the enterprise value-based management concept in Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.I. Davydov

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to identify the problems and prospects of the application of the enterprises value-based management concept in Ukrainian economic conditions on the basis of the analysis of the target function of value management, indicators and enterprise valuation models. The results of the analysis. It is considered the concept of value-based management of enterprises from the standpoint of its application in Ukraine. The role of market value and market capitalization of enterprises in the formation of target function of value management is defined. There are analyzed possibilities of implementation of value management approach based on maximization of market capitalization of enterprises through determination of the level of its indicative character and controllability in Ukrainian economic conditions. There are given reasons for the use of the target criterion of maximization of the fundamental stakeholder enterprises value in value-based management. There are studied the indicators and models of enterprises value assessment. There are also determined the peculiarities of contemporary models of assessment of enterprise value. There are revealed the problems of the use of the models for the assessment of enterprise value in value-based management under economic conditions of Ukraine. There are given proposals to improve the indicators and models of assessment of enterprise value in Ukrainian environment. Conclusions and directions of further researches. Practical significance of this article lies in justification of the necessity to identify the indicator of the fundamental stakeholder enterprise value for the purpose of value-based management by way of improving the enterprise value assessment models. Prospects for further studies deal with the development of the model to assess the fundamental stakeholder value of enterprises and on its basis to build an effective system of value management at the micro

  12. Revenue Administrations and Corruption: Motivations, Opportunities and Fighting Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serkan Benk

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Revenue administration is very important for a state’s economic development as it significantly affects its public expenditures capacity. But corruption in revenue administration can have a serious impact on fiscal sustainability by reducing the tax revenue of a government. Corruption in revenue administration also discourages honest taxpayers by making the black-market a more attractive alternative. Revenue administration is an attractive sector for corruption to take place as the opportunities and motivations to engage in illicit activity are numerous. The complexity of tax systems, the high discretionary powers of tax officials, the low cost of punishment, the pressure from tax evaders are only some factors creating environment for corruption in revenue administration. The aim of this study is to examine opportunities, motivations and fighting methods of corruption in revenue administrations.

  13. Currency Substitution and Government Revenue from Inflation Currency Substitution and Government Revenue from Inflation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Luis Ramírez-Rojas

    1986-03-01

    Full Text Available Currency Substitution and Government Revenue from Inflation The purpose of this paper is to show that in the case of an open economy the calculations of revenue-maximing rates of inflation have been made using a restrictive model that assumes that domestic residents can only substitute between domestic money and goods (and real assets. The paper demonstrates that once the effects of currency substitution, so common in developing countries, are taken into account, the inflation rate that maximizes the proceeds of the inflation tax can be quite lower than would be the case when currency substitution is ignored.

  14. Effective chronic disease management: patients' perspectives on medication-related problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Karen; Smith, Felicity; Dhillon, Soraya

    2007-03-01

    To examine medication-related problems from the perspective of patients with a chronic condition and to identify how they may be supported in managing their medication. Patients prescribed medication for cardiovascular disease were recruited through five general medical surgeries and four community pharmacies in south London. Data were collected in 98 face-to-face interviews in participants' own homes. Interviews were designed to enable a detailed and holistic exploration of medication-related problems from participants' perspectives. Data were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim to allow qualitative analysis. Five broad categories of medication-related problem emerged which were examined in the context of patients' perspectives on, and experiences of, the use of medicines and health services. These were concerns about and management of side effects; differing views regarding the use of medicines; cognitive, practical and sensory problems; lack of information or understanding; and problems with access to, and organisation of, services. All categories of problem had potential implications for the success of therapy in that they created barriers to adherence, access to medication or informed decision-making. The study demonstrated how patients actively engage in decision-making about their medicines in the home, if not in the consultation. The five categories of problem provide a focus for interventions by health professionals to support patients in achieving optimal theory outcomes. They demonstrate the need for a comprehensive approach, spanning patient education to the systems of delivery of care. Within the NHS in Britain, policy and practice initiatives are being designed to achieve this end. Further research should focus on the evaluation of professional practices and service developments in supporting patients in the self-management of their medicines.

  15. CNOOC Revenue Gains Dramatically on Rising Prices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    CNOOC Ltd., the listed arm of China National Offshore Corporation (CNOOC), the largest offshore oil and gas producer in China, produced a total of 80.9 million barrels of oil equivalent in the third quarter in 2011, down 9.1 percent from the same period last year as it shut the country's largest offshore oil field after an oil spill off China's northern coast. However, the company posted a 23.7 percent gain in third-quarter revenue from a year earlier as it benefited from rising oil and gas prices,

  16. Strategies to take hospitals off (revenue) diversion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geer, Robert; Smith, Jim

    2004-03-01

    When a hospital goes on diversion, it not only loses potential revenue because new patients are not being admitted, but also relationships with physicians and patient satisfaction suffer. Often, diversion status is the result of emergency department (ED) overcrowding. A few simple steps can help hospitals resolve the diversion dilemma. Implement an admission and discharge center. Appoint a bed czar. Reduce length of stay. Enforce a hospital discharge time. Work with nursing on timely reporting of discharges. Work with ancillary departments to identify and resolve discharge delays.

  17. On the Efficiency of Influence-and-Exploit Strategies for Revenue Maximization under Positive Externalities

    CERN Document Server

    Fotakis, Dimitris

    2011-01-01

    We study the problem of revenue maximization in the marketing model for social networks introduced by (Hartline, Mirrokni, Sundararajan, WWW '08). We restrict our attention to the Uniform Additive Model and mostly focus on Influence-and-Exploit (IE) marketing strategies. We obtain a comprehensive collection of results on the efficiency and the approximability of IE strategies, which also imply a significant improvement on the best known approximation ratios for revenue maximization. Specifically, we show that in the Uniform Additive Model, both computing the optimal marketing strategy and computing the best IE strategy are $\\NP$-hard for undirected social networks. We observe that allowing IE strategies to offer prices smaller than the myopic price in the exploit step leads to a measurable improvement on their performance. Thus, we show that the best IE strategy approximates the maximum revenue within a factor of 0.911 for undirected and of roughly 0.553 for directed networks. Moreover, we present a natural g...

  18. Study of the Option Ordering Policy concerning Perishable Farm Produce Based on Revenue Sharing Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaojing; LIU

    2014-01-01

    This paper considers the two-echelon supply chain system which consists of single agricultural producers and retailers,and analyzes the impact of sharing ratio on the option ordering quantity,and retailers and producers’ expected profits.Studies have shown that in the case of decentralization,when the revenue sharing ratio is between 0 and 0.3,the option ordering quantity of farm produce is a decreasing function of the sharing ratio; when the revenue sharing ratio is between 0.3 and 1,the option ordering quantity of farm produce is an increasing function of sharing ratio; when the revenue sharing ratio is between 0.421 and 1,the agricultural producers and retailers’ expected profits are an increasing function of sharing ratio.Finally,through the numerical calculation,the applicability of the conclusions is verified,to provide a reference for the supply chain management practices.

  19. Development of Management Quality Assessment Methodology in the Public Sector: Problems and Contradictions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Vladimirovna Kozhevina

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The development management quality assessment methodology in the public sector is relevant scientific and practical problem of economic research. The utilization of the results of the assessment on the basis of the authors’ methodology allows us to rate the public sector organizations, to justify decisions on the reorganization and privatization, and to monitor changes in the level of the management quality of the public sector organizations. The study determined the place of the quality of the control processes of the public sector organization in the system of “Quality of public administration — the effective operation of the public sector organization,” the contradictions associated with the assessment of management quality are revealed, the conditions for effective functioning of the public sector organizations are proved, a mechanism of comprehensive assessment and algorithm for constructing and evaluating the control models of management quality are developed, the criteria for assessing the management quality in the public sector organizations, including economic, budgetary, social and public, informational, innovation and institutional criteria are empirically grounded. By utilizing the proposed algorithm, the assessment model of quality management in the public sector organizations, including the financial, economic, social, innovation, informational and institutional indicators is developed. For each indicator of quality management, the coefficients of importance in the management quality assessment model, as well as comprehensive and partial evaluation indicators are determined on the basis of the expert evaluations. The main conclusion of the article is that management quality assessment for the public sector organizations should be based not only on the indicators achieved in the dynamics and utilized for analyzing the effectiveness of management, but also should take into account the reference levels for the values of these

  20. Contingency management treatment in substance abusers with and without legal problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petry, Nancy M.; Rash, Carla J.; Easton, Caroline J.

    2013-01-01

    Drug and alcohol abusers frequently have legal difficulties, and the legal system often provides negative reinforcers for substance abuse treatment involvement. In contrast, contingency management (CM) treatments utilize positive reinforcement procedures to improve patient outcomes. This study evaluated whether substance abusing patients with legal problems at treatment entry had differential outcomes in general, and in response to CM, compared to those without legal problems. Data from three randomized CM trials (n = 393) were used in an evaluation of main and interactive effects of legal status and treatment condition, with respect to retention and abstinence. Compared with patients without legal difficulties, those with legal problems remained in treatment for shorter durations and achieved shorter periods of abstinence. CM was positively and significantly associated with longer durations of abstinence, regardless of legal status. Results suggest that substance abusers with legal problems have generally poor outcomes but that CM is effective regardless of patients’ legal status. PMID:21908754

  1. Contingency management treatment in substance abusers with and without legal problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petry, Nancy M; Rash, Carla J; Easton, Caroline J

    2011-01-01

    Drug and alcohol abusers frequently have legal difficulties, and the legal system often provides negative reinforcement for substance abuse treatment. In contrast, contingency management (CM) treatments utilize positive reinforcement procedures to improve patient outcomes. This study evaluated whether substance-abusing patients with legal problems at treatment entry had differential outcomes, in general and in response to CM, compared with those without legal problems. Data from three randomized CM trials (n = 393) were used in an evaluation of main and interactive effects of legal status and treatment condition, with respect to retention and abstinence. Compared with patients without legal difficulties, those with legal problems remained in treatment for shorter durations and achieved shorter periods of abstinence. CM was positively and significantly associated with longer durations of abstinence, regardless of legal status. Results suggest that substance abusers with legal problems have generally poor outcomes, but that CM is effective regardless of the patient's legal status.

  2. PROBLEMS AND OBSTACLES IN CREDIT RISK MANAGEMENT IN INDIAN PUBLIC SECTOR BANKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RENU ARORA

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper evaluates the credit risk management (CRM practices of Indian public sector banks in grant of commercial loans to find the grey areas which need review and restructuring to improve banks’ asset quality. Based on literature review, a conceptual model of credit risk management systems for commercial loans, of Indian public sector banks, has been developed. This model has been used to underline the problems areas and obstacles in credit risk management through comparison of large and small banks. The empirical comparison of CRM practices of Indian public sector banks has resulted into emergence of various grey areas, like insufficient training, data management, inappropriate IT support, system disintegration, inconsistent rating approaches, which need immediate attention and if tackled properly, can reduce their non-performing assets.

  3. Maximizing Cloud Providers Revenues via Energy Aware Allocation Policies

    CERN Document Server

    Mazzucco, Michele; Deters, Ralph

    2011-01-01

    Cloud providers, like Amazon, offer their data centers' computational and storage capacities for lease to paying customers. High electricity consumption, associated with running a data center, not only reflects on its carbon footprint, but also increases the costs of running the data center itself. This paper addresses the problem of maximizing the revenues of Cloud providers by trimming down their electricity costs. As a solution allocation policies which are based on the dynamic powering servers on and off are introduced and evaluated. The policies aim at satisfying the conflicting goals of maximizing the users' experience while minimizing the amount of consumed electricity. The results of numerical experiments and simulations are described, showing that the proposed scheme performs well under different traffic conditions.

  4. Problems and Challenges in Human Resource Management: Case of a Large Organization in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Irshad

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper critically analyzes the work culture for a mainstream financial organization operating within Pakistan, while drawing a specific example to elucidate certain dilemmas that impede the potential growth for the financial sector and its constituent workforce, besides hampering the performance of the organizations. The case study is related to an organization in financial sector which conducts a Management Trainee Program with the purpose to select, train and develop a high-potential pool of talent into future leaders and fore-runners of the organization. This paper critically analyzes several inherent problems that face the successful implementation of the trainee program under the frameworks of various theories of organizational management. To solve these problems, this article presents a detailed diagnosis of the management shortcomings to improve the firm‟s corporate culture, work ethics and employee handling strategy and mechanism. Recommendations are also made to minimize the problems and maximize the success of the Management Trainee Program in the case study organization.

  5. An investigation on the effect of emotional management problems on children's anxiety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afrooz Afshari

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Today’s research on emotion regulation reveals its importance on many mental and physical heath related issues. One of the problems to deregulation of emotions is anxiety disorders subject. The aim of this research is to identify the relationship between emotional management problems including emotional inhibition, emotional deregulation and emotional coping on children’s anxiety symptoms, where it includes separation anxiety, social anxiety, panic disorder, school phobia and generalized anxiety symptoms. The sample was consisted of 307 primary students including boy and girl aged between 9-13 years old in city of Isfahan selected by simple random sampling. The instruments were Screen for Child Anxiety Related Disorders (SCARED, child Sadness Management Scale (CSMS and child Anger Management Scale (CAMS. The results shows that problems of children in management of anger and sadness consist of anger and sadness inhibition; anger and sadness deregulation predicts anxiety symptoms in children (p<0.0001. However, emotional coping could not predict children's anxiety symptoms, significantly. In addition, deregulation and inhibition of sadness and anger predicts anxiety in children.

  6. Problem Formulation in Knowledge Discovery via Data Analytics (KDDA) for Environmental Risk Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yan; Thomas, Manoj; Osei-Bryson, Kweku-Muata; Levy, Jason

    2016-12-15

    With the growing popularity of data analytics and data science in the field of environmental risk management, a formalized Knowledge Discovery via Data Analytics (KDDA) process that incorporates all applicable analytical techniques for a specific environmental risk management problem is essential. In this emerging field, there is limited research dealing with the use of decision support to elicit environmental risk management (ERM) objectives and identify analytical goals from ERM decision makers. In this paper, we address problem formulation in the ERM understanding phase of the KDDA process. We build a DM³ ontology to capture ERM objectives and to inference analytical goals and associated analytical techniques. A framework to assist decision making in the problem formulation process is developed. It is shown how the ontology-based knowledge system can provide structured guidance to retrieve relevant knowledge during problem formulation. The importance of not only operationalizing the KDDA approach in a real-world environment but also evaluating the effectiveness of the proposed procedure is emphasized. We demonstrate how ontology inferencing may be used to discover analytical goals and techniques by conceptualizing Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) exposure shifts based on a multilevel analysis of the level of urbanization (and related economic activity) and the degree of Socio-Economic Deprivation (SED) at the local neighborhood level. The HAPs case highlights not only the role of complexity in problem formulation but also the need for integrating data from multiple sources and the importance of employing appropriate KDDA modeling techniques. Challenges and opportunities for KDDA are summarized with an emphasis on environmental risk management and HAPs.

  7. Problems of quality and equity in pain management: exploring the role of biomedical culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowley-Matoka, Megan; Saha, Somnath; Dobscha, Steven K; Burgess, Diana J

    2009-10-01

    To explore how social scientific analyses of the culture of biomedicine may contribute to advancing our understanding of ongoing issues of quality and equity in pain management. Drawing upon the rich body of social scientific literature on the culture of biomedicine, we identify key features of biomedical culture with particular salience for pain management. We then examine how these cultural features of biomedicine may shape key phases of the pain management process in ways that have implications not just for quality, but for equity in pain management as well. We bring together a range of literatures in developing our analysis, including literatures on the culture of biomedicine, pain management and health care disparities. We surveyed the relevant literatures to identify and inter-relate key features of biomedical culture, key phases of the pain management process, and key dimensions of identified problems with suboptimal and inequitable treatment of pain. We identified three key features of biomedical culture with critical implications for pain management: 1) mind-body dualism; 2) a focus on disease vs illness; and 3) a bias toward cure vs care. Each of these cultural features play a role in the key phases of pain management, specifically pain-related communication, assessment and treatment decision-making, in ways that may hinder successful treatment of pain in general -- and of pain patients from disadvantaged groups in particular. Deepening our understanding of the role of biomedical culture in pain management has implications for education, policy and research as part of ongoing efforts to ameliorate problems in both quality and equity in managing pain. In particular, we suggest that building upon the existing the cultural competence movement in medicine to include fostering a deeper understanding of biomedical culture and its impact on physicians may be useful. From a policy perspective, we identify pain management as an area where the need for a shift to a

  8. Problem-solving and developing quality management methods and techniques on the example of automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacek Łuczak

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The knowledge about methods and techniques of quality management together with their effective use can be definitely regarded as an indication of high organisational culture. Using such methods and techniques in an effective way can be attributed to certain level of maturity, as far as the quality management system in an organisation is concerned. There is in the paper an analysis of problem-solving methods and techniques of quality management in the automotive sector in Poland. The survey was given to the general population, which in case of the study consisted of companies operating in Poland that had certified quality management systems against ISO/TS 16949. The results of the conducted survey and the conclusions of the author can show actual and potential OEM suppliers (both 1st and 2nd tier in which direction their strategies for development and improvement of quality management systems should go in order to be effective. When the universal character of methods and techniques used in the surveyed population of companies is taken into consideration, it can be assumed that the results of the survey are also universal for all organisations realising the TQM strategy. The results of the research confirmed that methods which are also the basis for creating key system documents are the most relevant ones, i.e. flowcharts and FMEA, and moreover process monitoring tools (SPC and problem solving methods -above all 8D.

  9. Knowledge Management and Problem Solving in Real Time: The Role of Swarm Intelligence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris W Callaghan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge management research applied to the development of real-time research capability, or capability to solve societal problems in hours and days instead of years and decades, is perhaps increasingly important, given persistent global problems such as the Zika virus and rapidly developing antibiotic resistance. Drawing on swarm intelligence theory, this paper presents an approach to real-time research problem-solving in the form of a framework for understanding the complexity of real-time research and the challenges associated with maximizing collaboration. The objective of this research is to make explicit certain theoretical, methodological, and practical implications deriving from new literature on emerging technologies and new forms of problem solving and to offer a model of real-time problem solving based on a synthesis of the literature. Drawing from ant colony, bee colony, and particle swarm optimization, as well as other population-based metaheuristics, swarm intelligence principles are derived in support of improved effectiveness and efficiency for multidisciplinary human swarm problem-solving. This synthesis seeks to offer useful insights into the research process, by offering a perspective of what maximized collaboration, as a system, implies for real-time problem solving.

  10. A Multiple Period Problem in Distributed Energy Management Systems Considering CO2 Emissions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muroda, Yuki; Miyamoto, Toshiyuki; Mori, Kazuyuki; Kitamura, Shoichi; Yamamoto, Takaya

    Consider a special district (group) which is composed of multiple companies (agents), and where each agent responds to an energy demand and has a CO2 emission allowance imposed. A distributed energy management system (DEMS) optimizes energy consumption of a group through energy trading in the group. In this paper, we extended the energy distribution decision and optimal planning problem in DEMSs from a single period problem to a multiple periods one. The extension enabled us to consider more realistic constraints such as demand patterns, the start-up cost, and minimum running/outage times of equipment. At first, we extended the market-oriented programming (MOP) method for deciding energy distribution to the multiple periods problem. The bidding strategy of each agent is formulated by a 0-1 mixed non-linear programming problem. Secondly, we proposed decomposing the problem into a set of single period problems in order to solve it faster. In order to decompose the problem, we proposed a CO2 emission allowance distribution method, called an EP method. We confirmed that the proposed method was able to produce solutions whose group costs were close to lower-bound group costs by computational experiments. In addition, we verified that reduction in computational time was achieved without losing the quality of solutions by using the EP method.

  11. Beyond the Bottom Line: Good Managers Look to Results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Ben

    1984-01-01

    Reviews findings of a National Center for Higher Education Management Systems study, which investigated the effects of enrollment and revenue declines on small independent four-year colleges, and discusses implications for two-year colleges facing similar problems. Looks at strategies that helped more resilient colleges meet financial problems…

  12. Revenue in reverse? An examination of reverse supply chain enabled revenue streams

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Samuel; Jacobsen, Peter

    2016-01-01

    When original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) examine whether to implement a reverse supply chain (RSC) for their products, oftentimes the motive is cost savings or regulatory compliance. However, a frequently overlooked but equally important benefit is the possibility for creating new revenue...

  13. [Management of Ethical Problems in the Japanese Society of Laboratory Medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murakami, Masami

    2015-02-01

    The Ethics Committee of the Japanese Society of Laboratory Medicine published "Opinions of Japanese Society of Laboratory Medicine about utilization of specimens after laboratory examinations for laboratory work, education and clinical studies" in 2002, and amended it in 2008. The Ethics Committee, Committee for Conflict of Interest, Compliance Committee, and Editorial Committee for Rinsho Byori, the official journal of the Japanese Society of Laboratory Medicine, cooperate to solve ethical problems in laboratory medicine. The management of ethical problems in the Japanese Society of Laboratory Medicine is discussed.

  14. Selected Problems Of Incorporating A Quality Management System In The Air Force

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barszcz Piotr

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The proper management of an organisational unit and communication of reliable information about its functioning are important factors, which affect the safety of the executed aerial operations. According to decision no. 400/MON of the Minister of National Defence, the incorporation of the “Quality Assurance System in the Air Force” [1] commenced on 1 January 2013. The ISO 9000 series standards enforce a change in the approach to the problem of management of the organisational unit. The analysis of the important parameters takes place at the start, not only at the end, and uses simultaneously preventive actions and the monitoring of processes during their execution.

  15. Preferences for dealing with environmental problems: an empirical study of managers in three mainland Chinese cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fryxell, Gerald E; Lo, Carlos W H

    2002-01-01

    This study examines managerial preferences for various policy mechanisms commonly used to address environmental problems using a sample of 653 Chinese managers from firms in Beijing, Dalian and Guangzhou. Overall, these managers appeared to favor regulatory instruments, placing somewhat less faith in market and communicative instruments. However, all measures appear to have ample support within each subgroup. In addition, the influence of two situational factors on these preferences was investigated--the immediacy of environmental impact and diffusion of responsibility. The results of the study indicate that these two factors interact in explaining managerial preferences, but only for the use of market mechanisms.

  16. Some problems with the design of self-learning management systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flikop, Ziny

    1992-01-01

    In this paper some problems in the design of management systems for complex objects are discussed. Considering the absence of adequate models and the fact that human expertise in the management of non-stationary objects becomes obsolete quickly, the use of self-learning together with a two-step optimization of on-line control rules is suggested. To prepare for the object analysis, a set of definitions has been proposed. Traditional and fuzzy sets approaches are used in the analysis. To decrease the reaction time of the control system, we propose the development of control rules without feedback.

  17. Foundations of Data Quality Management

    CERN Document Server

    Fan, Wenfei

    2012-01-01

    Data quality is one of the most important problems in data management. A database system typically aims to support the creation, maintenance and use of large amount of data, focusing on the quantity of data. However, real-life data are often dirty: inconsistent, duplicated, inaccurate, incomplete, or stale. Dirty data in a database routinely generate misleading or biased analytical results and decisions, and lead to loss of revenues, credibility and customers. With this comes the need for data quality management. In contrast to traditional data management tasks, data quality management is to e

  18. Utilization of Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA Method in Increasing the Revenue of Emergency Department; a Prospective Cohort Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Shahrami

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The balance between revenue and cost of an organization/system is essential to maintain its survival and quality of services. Emergency departments (ED are one of the most important parts of health care delivery system. Financial discipline of EDs, by increasing the efficiency and profitability, can directly affect the quality of care and subsequently patient satisfaction. Accordingly, the present study attempts to investigate failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA method in identifying the problems leading to the loss of ED revenue and offer solutions to help fix these problems. Methods: This prospective cohort study investigated the financial records of ED patients and evaluated the effective errors in reducing the revenue in ED of Imam Hossein hospital, Tehran, Iran, from October 2007 to November 2009. The whole department was divided based on FMEA into one main system and six subsystems. The study was divided in two phases. In the first phase, the problems leading to the loss in the revenue in each subsystem were identified and weighted to four groups using risk priority number (RPN, and the solutions for fixing them were planned. Then, at the second phase discovered defects in the first phase were fixed according to their priority. Finally, the impact of each solution was compared before and after interventions using the repeated measure ANOVA test. Results: At last, 100 financial records of ED patients were evaluated during the first phase of the study. The average of ED revenue in the six months of the first phase was 73.1±3.65 thousands US dollar/month. 12 types of errors were detected in the predefined subsystems. ED revenue rose from 73.1 to 153.1, 207.06, 240, and 320 thousands US dollar/month after solving of first, second, third, and fourth priority problems, respectively (337.75% increase in two years (p<0.001. 111.0% increase in the ED revenue after solving of first priority problems reveals that they were

  19. Utilization of Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA Method in Increasing the Revenue of Emergency Department; a Prospective Cohort Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Shahrami

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The balance between revenue and cost of an organization/system is essential to maintain its survival and quality of services. Emergency departments (ED are one of the most important parts of health care delivery system. Financial discipline of EDs, by increasing the efficiency and profitability, can directly affect the quality of care and subsequently patient satisfaction. Accordingly, the present study attempts to investigate failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA method in identifying the problems leading to the loss of ED revenue and offer solutions to help fix these problems. Methods: This prospective cohort study investigated the financial records of ED patients and evaluated the effective errors in reducing the revenue in ED of Imam Hossein hospital, Tehran, Iran, from October 2007 to November 2009. The whole department was divided based on FMEA into one main system and six subsystems. The study was divided in two phases. In the first phase, the problems leading to the loss in the revenue in each subsystem were identified and weighted to four groups using risk priority number (RPN, and the solutions for fixing them were planned. Then, at the second phase discovered defects in the first phase were fixed according to their priority. Finally, the impact of each solution was compared before and after interventions using the repeated measure ANOVA test. Results: At last, 100 financial records of ED patients were evaluated during the first phase of the study. The average of ED revenue in the six months of the first phase was 73.1±3.65 thousands US dollar/month. 12 types of errors were detected in the predefined subsystems. ED revenue rose from 73.1 to 153.1, 207.06, 240, and 320 thousands US dollar/month after solving of first, second, third, and fourth priority problems, respectively (337.75% increase in two years (p<0.001. 111.0% increase in the ED revenue after solving of first priority problems reveals that they were

  20. Different approaches for centralized and decentralized water system management in multiple decision makers' problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anghileri, D.; Giuliani, M.; Castelletti, A.

    2012-04-01

    There is a general agreement that one of the most challenging issues related to water system management is the presence of many and often conflicting interests as well as the presence of several and independent decision makers. The traditional approach to multi-objective water systems management is a centralized management, in which an ideal central regulator coordinates the operation of the whole system, exploiting all the available information and balancing all the operating objectives. Although this approach allows to obtain Pareto-optimal solutions representing the maximum achievable benefit, it is based on assumptions which strongly limits its application in real world contexts: 1) top-down management, 2) existence of a central regulation institution, 3) complete information exchange within the system, 4) perfect economic efficiency. A bottom-up decentralized approach seems therefore to be more suitable for real case applications since different reservoir operators may maintain their independence. In this work we tested the consequences of a change in the water management approach moving from a centralized toward a decentralized one. In particular we compared three different cases: the centralized management approach, the independent management approach where each reservoir operator takes the daily release decision maximizing (or minimizing) his operating objective independently from each other, and an intermediate approach, leading to the Nash equilibrium of the associated game, where different reservoir operators try to model the behaviours of the other operators. The three approaches are demonstrated using a test case-study composed of two reservoirs regulated for the minimization of flooding in different locations. The operating policies are computed by solving one single multi-objective optimal control problem, in the centralized management approach; multiple single-objective optimization problems, i.e. one for each operator, in the independent case