WorldWideScience

Sample records for remuneration review ajustments

  1. COUNCIL DECISIONS ON THE 5-YEARLY REMUNERATION REVIEW, AJUSTMENTS FOR 2001 AND CHANGES TO THE STAFF RULES AND REGULATIONS

    CERN Document Server

    Human Resources Division

    2001-01-01

    As announced by the Director-General in December last year, Council approved the package of measures concerning the 5-yearly remuneration review, recommended by the TREF Restricted Group, as well as the adjustments for 2001 related to salaries and pensions. These measures, as summarised below, enter into force on 1 January 2001, subject to later implementation of some items. Related changes to the Staff Rules and Regulations will be published as soon as possible in the mean time, changes which were annexed to the Council Resolution can be viewed on the HR Division Web site. 1. Scale of basic salaries (Annex R A 1 of the Staff Regulations) : increased by 4.32% resulting from the 5-yearly Review, and by 0.6% which corresponds to the salary adjustment for 2001. This includes the increases in social insurance contributions indicated below. 2. Scale of stipends of Fellows (Annex R A 2 of the Staff Regulations) : increased by 1.52% resulting from the 5-yearly Review, and by 0.6% which corresponds to the adjustment ...

  2. Institutional review boards' attitudes towards remuneration in paediatric research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flege, Marius M; Thomsen, Simon F

    2017-01-01

    Remuneration in paediatric research poses an ethical dilemma. Too large a sum might cause parents to enrol their children in research projects with no benefit for the child, whereas too modest a sum might hamper recruitment. The institutional review boards have the responsibility to only approve ...

  3. Motivation and remuneration

    OpenAIRE

    SOUKUP, Miloslav

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this bachelor work is analysis of remuneration and motivation in travel agencies and companies, where is established performance pay system for self-employed. Work consists of literature review and practical part. Literature review contains information about motivation and remuneration. Practical part includes information about analyzed companies, analysis remuneration and motivation, evaluation analyzed companies and conceiving performance pay system, in which are participants sel...

  4. Monitoring gender remuneration inequalities in academia using ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... age, research output and qualifications are related to remuneration. The CVA biplots show narrowing, widening and constant gender remuneration gaps in diffferent faculties. Keywords: alpha-bag, academia, biplot, canonical variate analysis, gender inequality, multivariate, wage gap. ORiON Vol. 24 (1) 2008: pp. 49-73 ...

  5. Financial performance and remuneration of executive directors of brazilian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larissa Degenhart

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to examine whether there is a relationship between financial performance and the remuneration of executive directors of Brazilian companies. Thus, there was a descriptive, documentary and quantitative research. The review period was the years 2011 to 2015. The study population consisted of Brazilian companies listed on the BM&FBovespa and the sample consisted of companies that presented all the variables used in each year surveyed, totaling 219 companies. For the data analysis was conducted to Spearman correlation analysis and linear regression, and was performed using the SPSS statistical software. From the study results it was found that the variables: Total Asset Profitability (ROA and company size had a significant and positive relationship with the fixed remuneration, variable and total executive directors. These results showed for the analyzed scenario, the compensation of executive officers is higher when the ROA is high and also in relation to the company size, large companies pay their executives more than smaller companies. Finally, it can be concluded that there is a relationship between financial performance and Fixed Compensation, and Variable Total executive directors of Brazilian companies listed on the BM&FBovespa. In addition, this research contributes to the understanding of the amounts paid to executive officers, demonstrating that the performance of companies reflected in the remuneration of the executive directors, so that they act in the company in order to raise the economic and financial results.

  6. How can pharmacist remuneration systems in Europe contribute to generic medicine dispensing?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dylst P

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Generic medicines can generate larger savings to health care budgets when their use is supported by incentives on both the supply-side and the demand-side. Pharmacists’ remuneration is one factor influencing the dispensing of generic medicines.Objective: The aim of this article is to provide an overview of different pharmacist remuneration systems for generic medicines in Europe, with a view to exploring how pharmacist remuneration systems can contribute to generic medicine dispensing.Methods: Data were obtained from a literature review, a Master thesis in Pharmaceutical Care at the Catholic University of Leuven and a mailing sent to all members of the Pharmaceutical Group of the European Union with a request for information about the local remuneration systems of community pharmacists and the possible existence of reports on discounting practices.Results: Pharmacists remuneration in most European countries consists of the combination of a fixed fee per item and a certain percentage of the acquisition cost or the delivery price of the medicines. This percentage component can be fixed, regressive or capped for very high-cost medicines and acts as a disincentive for dispensing generic medicines. Discounting for generic medicines is common practice in several European countries but information on this practice tends to be confidential. Nevertheless, data for Belgium, France, the Netherlands and United Kingdom indicated that discounting percentages varied from 10% to 70% of the wholesale selling price.Conclusion: Pharmacists can play an important role in the development of a generic medicines market. Pharmacists should not be financially penalized for dispensing generic medicines. Therefore, their remuneration should move towards a fee-for-performance remuneration instead of a price-dependent reimbursement which is currently used in many European countries. Such a fee-for-performance remuneration system provides a stimulus for generic medicines

  7. The remuneration system and motivation of employees

    OpenAIRE

    MATEJOVÁ, Petra

    2013-01-01

    The remuneration system and motivation of employees are very important part of every company. It is very resisting in how the system is adjusted and if it works not only for company, but for employees as well. The remuneration system together with motivation of employees are better matching with all the processes in company, which are in progress in the company, the final result can be taken for the employees as bigger motivation for the work and they will be worked more effectively, which is...

  8. A practitioner’s research: Director remuneration in Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander N. Kostyuk

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Remuneration of members of the supervisory boards in Ukrainian joint-stock companies is the most controversial issue of the corporate board practices. Despite the firm belief of the shareholders that the director remuneration is one of the most important factors influencing the board performance, there are still many companies (21 per cent where directors are not remunerated for their work on the supervisory board. This report examines practices of the director’s remuneration in Ukraine.

  9. Monitoring gender remuneration inequalities in academia using ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    alpha-bag, academia, biplot, canonical variate analysis, gender inequality, multivariate, .... decreased by 0.3% annually in the USA, 0.8% in Canada, Australia and New .... the University must provide competitive remuneration for staff with ..... on or off. In practice, differences between males and females can thus easily be ...

  10. Capital Structure and Managerial Compensation: the Effects of Remuneration Seniority

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Calcagno, R.; Renneboog, L.

    2007-01-01

    We show that the relative seniority of debt and managerial compensation has important implications for the design of remuneration contracts. Whereas the traditional literature assumes that debt is senior to remuneration, there are in reality many cases in which remuneration contracts are de facto

  11. Estilos relacionales parentales y ajuste adolescente

    OpenAIRE

    Oliva Delgado, Alfredo; Parra Jiménez, Agueda; Arranz Freijo, Enrique

    2008-01-01

    En este artículo se presentan los resultados de un estudio realizado sobre una muestra de 848 adolescentes de edades comprendidas entre los 12 y los 17 años, que cumplimentaron un cuestionario que incluía una escala con 6 dimensiones sobre su percepción del estilo parental o relacional materno y paterno y otros instrumentos para evaluar el ajuste adolescente. La realización de un análisis de conglomerados a partir de las puntuaciones en las 6 dimensiones que componían la escala re...

  12. [Remuneration distribution - should morbidity-dependent overall remuneration also be distributed after adjustments for morbidity?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walendzik, A; Trottmann, M; Leonhardt, R; Wasem, J

    2013-04-01

    In the 2009 reform of the German collective remuneration system for outpatient medical care, on the level of overall remuneration, the morbidity risk was transferred to the health funds fulfilling a long-term demand of physicians. Nevertheless not transferring morbidity adjustment to the levels of physician groups and singular practices can lead to budgets not related to patient needs and to incentives for risk selection for individual doctors. The systematics of the distribution of overall remuneration in the German remuneration system for outpatient care are analysed focusing on the aspect of morbidity adjustment. Using diagnostic and pharmaceutical information of about half a million insured subjects, a risk adjustment model able to predict individual expenditures for outpatient care for different provider groups is presented. This model enables to additively split the individual care burden into several parts attributed to different physician groups. Conditions for the use of the model in the distribution of overall remuneration between physician groups are developed. A simulation of the use of diagnoses-based risk adjustment in standard service volumes then highlights the conditions for a successfull installation of standard service volumes representing a higher degree of risk adjustment. The presented estimation model is generally applicable for the distribution of overall remuneration to different physician groups. The simulation of standard service volumes using diagnosis-based risk adjustment does not provide a more accurate prediction of the expenditures on the level of physician practices than the age-related calculation currently used in the German remuneration system for outpatient medical care. Using elements of morbidity-based risk adjustment the current German collective system for outpatient medical care could be transformed towards a higher degree of distributional justice concerning medical care for patients and more appropriate incentives

  13. Prueba para el error de ajuste de un modelo multivariante

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez, Luis H.

    2012-01-01

    En el ajuste de un modelo a una serie de observaciones se presenta el interesante problema de decidir sobre lo adecuado del modelo para describir tales observaciones .. Una prueba para esta clase de decisión se denomina "Error de ajuste", No conocíamos una tal prueba para el caso de un modelo multivariante  (cada observación es un vector), por lo que este articulo hacemos una extensión de la  técnica de  "error de ajuste" utilizada en el análisis  univariante al caso multivariante,  y se prod...

  14. Financial remuneration for clinical and behavioral research participation: ethical and practical considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Permuth-Wey, Jennifer; Borenstein, Amy R

    2009-04-01

    Although the practice of providing payment to clinical research participants has been ongoing for more than a century, it remains an ethically controversial topic among members of the research community. The aims of this commentary are to summarize ethical and practical considerations regarding financial remuneration of research participants and to make recommendations for researchers contemplating this practice. A PubMed search was conducted to explore the ethical implications surrounding financial remuneration and review the body of empiric data on this topic. Financial remuneration is perceived to be ethically acceptable by many researchers and research participants and can be helpful in the recruitment process. It is recommended that when investigators are contemplating whether to offer payment to research participants, they should consider the nature of the study and the potential benefits and risks to the participants, institutional or organizational guidelines, and cultural and societal norms specific to the population being studied. Financial remuneration has the ability to serve as a sign of appreciation for the contributions of research participants and a way to facilitate clinical and behavioral research.

  15. Remuneration disparities in Oceania: Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marai, Leo; Kewibu, Vincent; Kinkin, Elly; Peter Peniop, John; Salini, Christian; Kofana, Genesis

    2010-10-01

    This paper explores the impact of remuneration differences on workers in the Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea. In these countries remunerative differences are linked to government policy (in Papua New Guinea) and job contracts (in the Solomon Islands), and have impacted on industrial relations in both settings (strike action). A total of N = 350 professionals (n = 60 expatriates) from 54 organizations in aid, government, higher education and industry (mean response rate = 36%) responded to an organizational survey form. Remuneration ratios between international and local respondents based on the World Bank's index of purchasing power parity approached 9:1. In both sites staff compared pay and benefits (remuneration) packages: Internationally remunerated staff rated their ability higher than their local counterparts did; locally remunerated groups reported more injustice in remuneration, were more demotivated by the gaps, and were more likely to be thinking about leaving the organization. In-country workshops of N = 40 largely local stakeholders from aid and community organizations plus government ministries considered the survey's findings and recommended: in Solomon Islands, (a) introducing a policy of localization, (b) establishing a remuneration commission (already existent in Papua New Guinea), and (c) reducing the remunerative gap; in Papua New Guinea, (d) reversing the post-Independence "dual pay system" (currently official policy), (e) instituting pay-for-performance, and (f) ensuring the existent localization policy is applied to recruitment, selection, and staff career planning and management.

  16. General surgery in crisis - comparatively low levels of remuneration ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    employed medical practitioners and other professional positions such as legal professionals, municipal managers and airline pilots. At senior levels (senior specialist) the remuneration was only ±55% of that paid to the selected comparator group.

  17. Competency development and labour remuneration system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. V. Sabetova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the problems of competency development and of competency-based approach to labour stimulation. The objective of the performed research was to determine the key types of professional competencies, their influence upon work performance, and way of their development. Two variants of competency understanding are outlined depending on the actual performance enabled by the competency presence and maturity: competency as an employee’s potential, and competency as the measure of labour activity goal achievement, which is in fact the realization of the potential. The system of labour remuneration based on the competency approach and including three types of bonuses was worked out. It includes minimum bonus applied for one-time reward of an employee’s success, qualification bonus requiring formal proof of the qualification level, bonus rewarding successful competency appliance. The competency classification based on three key features was suggested for more efficient analysis of competency appliance opportunities: maturity, or development degree; source or way of acquire ment; scope of possible appliance. The need to spend time and effort for obtaining and developing nearly all possible competencies was po inted out. Special attention is paid to forming labour competencies during the period of a person’s life when he is emp loyed. The sources of the competency formation for the employees were discussed and the problem of performing competency development activities at the expense of other types of activities was stressed out. The conclusion was made, that the employers and em ployees need to share the weight of means and efforts required for competency formation and development to enable the latter to perfo rm their duties more effectively in the future.

  18. Remuneration differences in the emerging economies of China and India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Erhua Iris; Lu, Zhao; Li, Xiaoyan; Li, Tian; Papola, T S; Pais, Jesim; Sahu, Partha Pratim

    2010-10-01

    Emerging economies by definition tend to be less dependent on expatriate skills and labour than lower-income countries, yet remuneration (pay plus benefits) differences between expatriate and local workers persist in them to some degree. According to relative deprivation theory, economic development paradoxically elevates the salience of relatively small gaps in remuneration. We therefore expected workers to report injustice and demotivation regarding relative remuneration, despite the closing of remuneration gaps between expatriate and local workers due to the economic development of recent years. To explore that possibility, 482 skilled professionals from a variety of sectors and organizations in two emerging economies, India (n = 233, response rate = 54%) and China (n = 249, response rate = 58%), participated in the research. International salaries were greater than local salaries by a factor of 2.73:1 in India and 1.90:1 in China; these mean ratios bordered on intolerable in the India sample and were largely tolerable among the sample from China. In both countries, differently remunerated workers differed in their justice cognitions and their demotivation, with lowered motivation and fewer justice cognitions in the locally salaried, local workers. These differences were however more statistically significant between people working in India than in China. Insofar as the motivational and justice gaps persisted, the findings support relative deprivation theory. Insofar as the same gaps appear to be sharper in the country with the higher-not lower-mean remuneration differential, they do not. An in-country workshop with local experts who interpreted the findings (in India), and content analysis of the participants' recommendations (in China) jointly recommended linking remuneration to (i) workplace performance instead of (ii) economy-of-origin, to help promote (iii) fairness.

  19. Document de travail no.8: Ajustement structurel et consolidation de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    13 déc. 2010 ... Marie-France Guimond ... Très peu de recherches ont été faites sur le rôle des plans d'ajustement structurel dans le contexte des pays ... Gender and climate change-induced conflict in pastoral communities: Turkana, Kenya.

  20. Ajustement structurel et consolidation de la paix Une source de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    mguimond

    Tableau 4 : Corrélation : Indicateurs-pays pour la politique étrangère et ajustement .... incorporés aux réformes macroéconomiques du cadre stratégique de lutte ...... Le plafond sur le recrutement de fonctionnaires a été considéré comme une ...

  1. LA POLÍTICA SOCIAL EN TIEMPOS DE AJUSTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Garnier Rímolo

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available La política social está nuevamente de moda. Hace unos años, eran la estabilización y el ajuste los temas que dominaban la literatura, los debates y hasta las conversaciones de los economistas. Hoy, es cada vez más frecuente la referencia a la pobreza, el costo social del ajuste, el rostro humano de la política económica, el gasto social, la salud, la educación, en fin, todos aquellos temas relativos a la calidad de vida y el desarrollo humano. A diferencia del pasado, sin embargo, este redescubrimiento de los objetivos sociales del desarrollo no olvida, sino que parte precisamente del reconocimiento de las limitaciones materiales y financieras que enfrentan las sociedades menos desarrolladas. La discusión actual busca redefinir el sentido de la política social en los tiempos del ajuste o, si se quiere, redefinir los procesos de ajuste a la luz de su verdadero objetivo: el desarrollo social.

  2. Cost-covering remuneration - wind and solar energy skinned

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Niederhaeusern, A.

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the details of Switzerland's cost-covering remuneration scheme for electrical energy from renewable resources are discussed. Several experts from the renewable energies area express their opinions on the scheme's tariffs for the remuneration of electrical energy fed into the public mains. Wind energy is quoted as being 'skinned', with a lower tariff than before and solar energy is quoted as being promoted 'with the hand brake still on'. Geothermal energy and power from biomass power stations is quoted as being 'undamaged' by the new remuneration system. In general, the opinion is expressed that small investors and producers have, once more, been put at a disadvantage. The situation in Switzerland is briefly compared with that in Germany, France, Spain and Italy. An overview of the tariffs is presented in tabular form

  3. Is there a relationship between directors remuneration and firm performance?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rashidah Abdul Rahman

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available The primary objective of the study is to determine whether there is a positive relationship between directors’ fees with the size of the firm and performance, based on the annual report of 246 listed firms. The results indicate a weak positive relationship between directors’ remuneration, corporate size (total assets and corporate performance (operating cash flow on asset. The weak positive relationship between director fees and performance indicates that other factors, such as the director’s yearly performance, may also account for the determination of the director’s remuneration. The findings support the notion of agency theory and corporate governance that remunerating the top management should be based on individual and corporate performance. In contrast, other performance variables such as return on assets (ROA and earning per share (EPS measured indicates no statistical association.

  4. Impact of Teachers' Perception of Financial Remuneration on Role ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Result showed that teachers' perception of their financial remuneration (lesson presentation, use of instructional materials and evaluation of students) has significant influence on role performance effectiveness of teachers. Recommendations were made among which is that ministry and boards of Education should provide ...

  5. Corporate governance going astray: executive remuneration built to fail

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Winter, J.; Grundmann, S.; Haar, B.; Merkt, H.; Mülbert, P.O.; Wellenhofer, M.; Baum, H.; von Hein, J.; von Hippel, T.; Pistor, K.; Roth, M.; Schweitzer, H.

    2010-01-01

    Modern remuneration systems for executive directors include substantial elements of performance based pay. The idea behind this is that by rewarding executives for performance their interests become aligned with those of the company’s shareholders, thus bridging the principal-agent gap. Executive

  6. Executive remuneration and company performance for South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of shareholders (often referred to as the principal or the provider of capital). ... Lecturer and Mrs A. Smit is a Lecturer, both in the Department of Accounting, Uni- ... view of the current financial crisis, it is not surprising that executive remuneration.

  7. Remuneration and Employee Benefits in Organizations in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hana Urbancová

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available In today’s highly competitive environment, the goal of organizations is to recruit, retain and sufficiently stimulate employees to give high quality performance, which may actually be achieved by a well‑developed system of remuneration and a wide range of suitably selected employee benefits. The article aims to identify and evaluate important factors influencing the area of employee remuneration and benefits offered in organizations in the Czech Republic. The research was carried out through a questionnaire survey that involved selected organizations in the Czech Republic (n = 402. The obtained primary data were processed using descriptive and multidimensional statistics. The factors examined in relation to the employee remuneration and benefits include: industries and sectors of organizations; markets in which they operate; the size of organizations by the headcount; the existence or absence of the Human Resource Department. The results confirm that the organizations that want to maintain a good position in the labour market pay attention to their personnel marketing, which is also helped by the right (suitable system of employee remuneration and fringe benefits thanks to which they retain their employees and can increase employee satisfaction and loyalty. Employee benefits are exactly what may distinguish the organizations from their competitors in the labour market.

  8. Monitoring gender remuneration inequalities in academia using biplots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IS Walters

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Gender remuneration inequalities at universities have been studied in various parts of the world. In South Africa, the responsibility largely rests with individual higher education institutions to establish levels of pay for male and female academic staff members. The multidimensional character of the gender wage gap includes gender differentials in research output, age, academic rank and qualifications. The aim in this paper is to demonstrate the use of modern biplot methodology for describing and monitoring changes in the gender remuneration gap over time. A biplot is considered as a multivariate extension of an ordinary scatterplot. Our case study includes the permanent fulltime academic staff at Stellenbosch University for the period 2002 to 2005. We constructed canonical variate analysis (CVA biplots with 90% alpha bags for the five-dimensional data collected for males and females in 2002 and 2005 aggregated over faculties as well as for each faculty separately. The biplots illustrate, for our case study, that rank, age, research output and qualifications are related to remuneration. The CVA biplots show narrowing, widening and constant gender remuneration gaps in different faculties.

  9. 26 CFR 1.162-27 - Certain employee remuneration in excess of $1,000,000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... capacity other than as a director. For this purpose, remuneration includes any payment in exchange for... received, directly or indirectly, by a director in each of the following circumstances: (A) If remuneration... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certain employee remuneration in excess of $1...

  10. 26 CFR 31.3401(a)(6)-1 - Remuneration for services of nonresident alien individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Remuneration for services of nonresident alien... services of nonresident alien individuals. (a) In general. All remuneration paid after December 31, 1966, for services performed by a nonresident alien individual, if such remuneration otherwise constitutes...

  11. Benchmarking, social partnership and higher remuneration : wage settling institutions and the public-private sector wage gap in Ireland

    OpenAIRE

    Kelly, Elish; O'Connell, Philip J.; Mc Guinness, Seamus

    2008-01-01

    Policy paper This paper uses data from the 2003 and 2006 National Employment Surveys to analyse the public-private sector wage gap in Ireland. In particular, we investigate the impact of awards implemented under a number of wage setting institutions on the pay differential. These include the pay increases awarded by the Public Service Benchmarking Body in its first report and the increases given to higher-level posts in the public sector by the Review Body on Higher Remuneration in the ...

  12. Photovoltaic remuneration policies in the European Union

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sarasa-Maestro, Carlos J.; Dufo-López, Rodolfo; Bernal-Agustín, José L.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to study the development of photovoltaic (PV) systems in some countries of the European Union (EU). We establish the stage of development of each country, their short- and long-term degree of compliance and the trends of international investors favouring one market or another. EU countries employ four major types of programs to encourage PV use: (1) feed in tariffs (FIT), (2) green certificates with a quota system, (3) investment and tax incentives, and (4) bids on the quota system. The FIT is the most widely used program to create incentives for the use of PV systems. During the past two years, PV tariffs have been reduced in many European countries. Investments in PV are still attractive, in some cases even overly generous with respect to the financial landscape in the world. This paper shows, for each country, the type of incentive and the trends in and forecast for installed capacity and calculates the internal rate of return (IRR) for investment in grid-connected PV systems. - Highlights: ► This work shows the EU positioning on development of photovoltaic (PV) systems. ► The installed power and the internal rate of return have been used as reference. ► The existing programs in relation to pay and incentives have been reviewed

  13. Incertidumbre y ajuste por las cantidades en the General Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolfo Rodríguez Herrera

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Robert Clower desarrolla una interpretación de la crítica de Keynes al funcionamiento de la economía capitalista en la cual la incertidumbre explica la incapacidad del sistema para alcanzar un equilibrio en todos los mercados, y en particular en el mercado de trabajo. El incumplimiento del principal supuesto de la economía neoclásica, la información perfecta, hace que la tasa de interés pierda su papel regulador y el sistema la capacidad de ajustarse instantáneamente a través de movimientos de los precios: en presencia de desempleo el ingreso individual deja de ser objeto de optimización por parte de los agentes y cualquier shock externo desencadena un ajuste por las cantidades que Keynes denomina efecto multiplicador y que deja al mercado de empleo sin instrumentos para alcanzar su equilibrio.

  14. The remuneration system and productivity of human resources in the company

    OpenAIRE

    CRHONKOVÁ, Marie

    2016-01-01

    The main goal of this graduation theses named "The remuneration system of human resources in the company" is to evaluate the current system of remuneration and productivity of human sources in a company, that I chose and design a process that would lead to improvement in human resources achievments. In the practical part is charecterized the chosen company, in detail described its system of remuneration and structure of employees. On the basis of the observed data there are designed some chan...

  15. Financial indicators of company performance in different industries that affect CEO remuneration in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Bussin

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In an attempt to address the growing gap between chief executive officer (CEO remuneration and that of the general worker, reign in rising CEO remuneration, and justify the portion of long-term incentive pay that makes up the bulk of CEO remuneration, shareholders and other stakeholders are trying to find definitive factors that will link CEO remuneration to company performance. Finding this link has become central to all executive remuneration issues. The results of the studies linking CEO remuneration to company performance are varied and inconclusive, particularly in South Africa. The reason for this is that previous studies have not looked at whether the company performance measures chosen have definite relationships with CEO remuneration in each industry. This study investigated eleven financial indicators of company performance to determine which of them have significant and positive relationships to CEO remuneration in different industries in South Africa. 254 South African listed companies, spread over 5 industries, were analysed for the period 2008 to 2012 using panel data analysis and statistical tests. The results were conclusive, finding performance metrics that had a positive and significant relationship to CEO remuneration in 4 of the 5 industries investigated, as well as over the aggregate of all the industries.

  16. Is cost-covering remuneration fully booked? - Teething problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Niederhaeusern, A.

    2009-01-01

    In this interview with Michael Kaufmann, director of the SwissEnergy programme, possible strategies for the correct pricing of electricity and measures for the correction of the dissatisfactory situation now prevailing concerning the cost-covering remuneration of power from renewable sources are discussed. The pricing of electricity from various sources and the indirect costs that are at present not met by non-renewable resources are commented on. Further topics covered include suggestions for strategies for relieving the presently blocked financial promotion of renewables, the goals set for the role to be played by renewable energy in Swiss electricity production in 2030 and suggestions for future political action

  17. The Remuneration of Freelancers: Current Trends and Prospects in Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shchetinina Ludmila V.

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is aimed at defining the peculiarities of freelancing development in Ukraine, as well as elaborating recommendations as to legalization of the freelancers’ labor. The estimation of development of freelancing in Ukraine is provided, which shows both growth of incomes of employed in this form of employment, and increase of their number. The advantages of this new form of employment, which can be obtained only in case of its regulation and control, as well as under the condition of the State support, are concretized. It is substantiated, that formation of adequate relations of remuneration of the freelancers’ labor first of all needs a contemporary normative-legal provision, including adaptation of experience of the developed countries to the Ukrainian realities, and also accounting of peculiarities of freelancing in terms of civil, economic, and tax law. It has been determined that the remuneration of freelancers should depend on the kind of freelancing and the types of freelancers, sphere of economic activity, profession, etc. The differentiation of hour rates by demographic criteria and by professions was analyzed. The measures of support of freelancing on the part of the State may be the following: preferential taxation, including rural residents, occupational guidance activities, outreach activities, conduct and analysis of the results of sociological research, periodic collection of statistical data, etc.

  18. Directors’ Remuneration Disclosure Transparency in Nigeria and the Influence of Block Share Ownership

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert W. Odewale

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines directors’ remuneration disclosure transparency in an emerging economy (Nigeria. We specifically examine how the block share ownership influences the level of transparency in the disclosure of directors’ remuneration in a sample of companies listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange in 2012. Using ordinary least squares and binary logistic regressions to examine the relationship, we find that block share ownership is associated with lower transparent disclosure of directors’ remuneration. The result shows a positive relationship between audit quality and transparent disclosure of directors’ remuneration. The study finds that the transparency score is less than 40%. On the whole, we provide evidence that managers in Nigerian Listed Companies are inclined not to make voluntary disclosure of their remuneration to the public. This paper has implication for policy makers and regulatory authorities in Nigeria on the need to embark on remuneration disclosures reforms so as to make directors’ remuneration disclosure mandatory for Nigerian Listed Companies to make it comparable with accepted global good practice. This study contributes to the remuneration disclosure transparency literature by providing support for the expropriation hypothesis in the behaviour of block shareholders from an emerging economy whose market is very much different from those of developed economies.

  19. The Remuneration Policy in the Budgetary Sphere of Ukraine: Main Trends, Shortcomings, Suggestions for Improvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsymbaliuk Svitlana O.

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the work is to identify the main trends and shortcomings of the remuneration policy in the budgetary sphere of Ukraine and develop proposals for its improvement. There determined the main problems of the remuneration policy in the budgetary sphere, including the low level and unsatisfactory wage differentiation, intersectoral imbalances in remuneration, rigid framework of a unified tariff net, lack of an objective methodology for assessing the complexity of duties and work of employees, and forming qualification groups for labor remuneration. It was determined that the reform of the minimum wage institution led to an increase in the leveling of the remuneration of employees of various categories and professional groups, which practically led to the destruction of the tariff remuneration system in the budgetary sphere. The necessity of reforming the policy of employee remuneration in the budgetary sphere is substantiated. There formulated directions for improving the tariff labor remuneration: construction of a unified tariff net based on flexible principles, formation of qualification groups for labor remuneration to develop a unified remuneration scale, development of a methodology for evaluating positions and jobs, and ensuring an objective pay gap between two related qualifying groups. With the aim of renewing the ratios for various categories and professional groups, it is important to reduce the gap between the subsistence minimum and the minimum wage. Prospects for further research should be the development of a methodology for evaluating positions and job for an objective comparison of the complexity of tasks and responsibilities of budgetary sector employees, substantiating qualification ratios in wages, forming indicators to determine the basic wages of employees within the developed ranges.

  20. THE EFFECT OF REMUNERATION ON MOTIVATION THAT IMPLICATES EMPLOYEE’S PERFORMANCE IN XYZ COMPANY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldi Cahyanugroho

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available PT XYZ is foreign investment company on food and beverages manufacturer with health benefit positioning. PT XYZ is willing to consistent of safety, quality and productivity (SQP aspect, therefore should be encouraged by high quality human resources. Employee motivation was stimulated by remuneration program in order to increase employee performance in PT XYZ.  The aim of this study was to analyze remuneration effect towards employee motivation and it’s implication to employee performance at PT XYZ using employee perception. The population of this study is taken from staff level to supervisor level from 10 Departments. The numbers of sample are 132 people. The sampling technique used in the study was stratified with purposive and convenience sampling method with the analytical method using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM. The result of this study shows remuneration has significant effect towards employee motivation and employee performance, while motivation has insignificant effect towards employee performance. SEM results show each highest coefficient are wages based on needs indicator at remuneration variable, individual development indicator at variable motivation and obedience indicator at employee performance variable. Management of PT XYZ should be maintaining components of remuneration, motivation and employee performance that’s already had good score and also pay attention to component of remuneration which has low score index to enhance employee motivation and also employee performance.Keywords: employee motivation, employee performance, remuneration, SEM

  1. Home Care Pharmacy Practice in Canada: A Cross-Sectional Survey of Services Provided, Remuneration, Barriers, and Facilitators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houle, Sherilyn; MacKeigan, Linda

    2017-01-01

    As the population ages, and individuals desire to remain in their homes as long as possible, the need for in-home care is expected to increase. However, pharmacists have rarely been included in studies of in-home care, and little is known about the prevalence or effectiveness of pharmacists' home-based services in Canada. To identify pharmacy practices in Canada that regularly provide in-home patient care and to identify specific services provided, remuneration obtained, and barriers and facilitators influencing the provision of home-based care. A link to a web-based survey was posted in e-newsletters of provincial, territorial, and national pharmacy associations in Canada. In addition, pharmacists known to the researchers as providing in-home clinical services were contacted directly. The survey was open from October to December 2015. Practices or organizations that performed at least one home visit per week for clinical purposes, with documentation of the services provided, were eligible to participate. One response per practice or organization was allowed. Seventeen practices meeting the inclusion criteria were identified, representing community, hospital, and clinic settings. Home visits were most commonly performed for individuals with complex medication regimens or nonadherence to medication therapy. The most common services were conducting medication reconciliation and reviews and counselling patients about medication adherence. No practices or organizations billed patients for these services, yet lack of remuneration was an important barrier identified by many respondents. Although 12 (71%) of the respondents collected data for evaluative purposes, collection of clinical or health system outcome data was rare. Few Canadian pharmacy practices that provide in-home patient care at least once a week could be identified. Data collection suitable to establish an evidence base for this service was infrequently performed by practices and organizations providing

  2. NATIONAL POLICY IN REFERENCE TO LABOR REMUNERATION AND ITS INFLUENCE ON POVERTY DYNAMICS IN A REGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuklin А. А.

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper emphasizes urgent issues regarding labor remuneration, which need to be settled along with adoption of socioeconomic policy aimed at critical reduction in size of the poor population.

  3. Remuneration Committee, Board Independence and Top Executive Compensation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chii-Shyan Kuo

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we examine whether the levels and structures of top executive compensation vary discernibly with different levels of board independence. We also examine how the newly mandated adoption of the remuneration committee (RC in Taiwan affects the board independence-executive pay relation. The mandatory establishment of RC for Taiwanese public firms, starting in 2011, is intended to strengthen the reasonableness and effectiveness of the executive compensation structure; thus, it is timely and of interest for practitioners and regulators to understand whether the establishment of RCs can effectively discipline top executive compensation policies. We first find that CEOs of firms that do not appoint independent directors have greater levels of annual pay than is the case for firms that have appointed independent directors, after controlling for the effect of CEO pay determinants. Second, we find that CEO pay for early RC adopters is more closely related to firm performance. Third, we find that the establishing of RCs may decrease CEO pay and enhance the pay-performance association, in particular for firms that have not appointed independent directors; however, this effect is not found to be statistically significant.

  4. THE EFFECT OF REMUNERATION ON MOTIVATION THAT IMPLICATES EMPLOYEE’S PERFORMANCE IN XYZ COMPANY

    OpenAIRE

    Aldi Cahyanugroho; Musa Hubeis; Hari Wijayanto

    2016-01-01

    PT XYZ is foreign investment company on food and beverages manufacturer with health benefit positioning. PT XYZ is willing to consistent of safety, quality and productivity (SQP) aspect, therefore should be encouraged by high quality human resources. Employee motivation was stimulated by remuneration program in order to increase employee performance in PT XYZ.  The aim of this study was to analyze remuneration effect towards employee motivation and it’s implication to employee performance at ...

  5. Adherence to the spirit of corporate governance : the ethics of executive remuneration

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    M.Comm. (Industrial Psychology) With the implementation of King III in 2010 and the promulgation of the new Companies Act in 2011, the corporate governance landscape in South Africa was irrevocably changed. Simultaneously, there was an increase in the protestations against the perceived excesses of executive1 remuneration packages. The question posed in this research study was what does adherence to the spirit of corporate governance with regard to executive remuneration entail? The litera...

  6. Director Remuneration Pay: Trends During and After the Financial Crisis of 2007 to 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syaiful Baharee Jaafar

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to examine the trends of director remuneration in Malaysia’s publicly listed companies. The proxies for executive pay are based on cash remuneration consisting of fees, salary, bonuses, and benefits to kin. Based on the data collected from 486 publicly listed companies in Bursa Malaysia from 2007 to 2009, we empirically tested findings that the trends for remuneration increased during and after the financial crisis. The study also reveals that the structure of remuneration, such as salary and bonuses for executives, showed an increasing trend during and after the financial crisis; however, it shows that the trend of director remuneration in family firms after the financial crisis was decreasing. Further analysis indicates that family members were willing to accept lower fees, bonuses, and benefits to kin in order to maintain cash flow. Our study suggests that no expropriation existed in family firms during and after the financial crisis. However, executives in non-family firms are less interested in accepting lower remuneration as part of a contract.

  7. International-local remuneration differences across six countries: do they undermine poverty reduction work?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Stuart C; McWha, Ishbel; Maclachlan, Malcolm; Furnham, Adrian

    2010-10-01

    Despite the rhetoric of a single global economy, professionals in poorer countries continue to be remunerated differently depending on whether they are compensated at a local vs. international rate. Project ADDUP (Are Development Discrepancies Undermining Performance?) surveyed 1290 expatriate and local professionals (response rate = 47%) from aid, education, government, and business sectors in (1) Island Nations (Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands), (2) landlocked economies (Malaŵi, Uganda), and (3) emerging economies (India, China). Difference in pay was estimated using purchasing power parity, from the World Bank's World Development Indicators 2007. Psychological measures included self-reported pay and benefits (remuneration), self-attributed ability, remuneration comparison, sense of justice in remuneration, remuneration-related motivation, thoughts of turnover and thoughts about international mobility. We included control measures of candour, culture shock, cultural values (horizontal/vertical individualism/collectivism), personality (from the "big five"), job satisfaction and work engagement. Controlling for these and country (small effects) and organization effects (medium), (a) pay ratios between international and local workers exceeded what were perceived to be acceptable pay thresholds among respondents remunerated locally; who also reported a combination of a sense of relative (b) injustice and demotivation; which (c) together with job satisfaction/work engagement predicted turnover and international mobility. These findings question the wisdom of dual salary systems in general, expose and challenge a major contradiction between contemporary development policy and practice, and have a range of practical, organizational, and theoretical implications for poverty reduction work.

  8. El ajuste de plantillas: el papel de los despidos por causas objetivas

    OpenAIRE

    Castillo Lorenzo, Jesús

    2016-01-01

    Este estudio académico sobre el ajuste de plantillas en las empresas lo he redactado, centrándome en los ajustes que se realizan por despidos por causas objetivas,que en la mayoría de los casos son despidos económicos. El trabajo que he desarrollado me parece un trabajo interesante, porque trata un tema actual como es la crisis económica y social que padece España y los países de la UE. Me agrada haber tratado este tema,porque me interesa la legislación la...

  9. Impact of remuneration and organizational factors on completing preventive manoeuvres in primary care practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahrouge, Simone; Hogg, William E; Russell, Grant; Tuna, Meltem; Geneau, Robert; Muldoon, Laura K; Kristjansson, Elizabeth; Fletcher, John

    2012-02-07

    Several jurisdictions attempting to reform primary care have focused on changes in physician remuneration. The goals of this study were to compare the delivery of preventive services by practices in four primary care funding models and to identify organizational factors associated with superior preventive care. In a cross-sectional study, we included 137 primary care practices in the province of Ontario (35 fee-for-service practices, 35 with salaried physicians [community health centres], 35 practices in the new capitation model [family health networks] and 32 practices in the established capitation model [health services organizations]). We surveyed 288 family physicians. We reviewed 4108 randomly selected patient charts and assigned prevention scores based on the proportion of eligible preventive manoeuvres delivered for each patient. A total of 3284 patients were eligible for at least one of six preventive manoeuvres. After adjusting for patient profile and contextual factors, we found that, compared with prevention scores in practices in the new capitation model, scores were significantly lower in fee-for-service practices (β estimate for effect on prevention score = -6.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] -11.9 to -0.6) and practices in the established capitation model (β = -9.1, 95% CI -14.9 to -3.3) but not for those with salaried remuneration (β = -0.8, 95% CI -6.5 to 4.8). After accounting for physician characteristics and organizational structure, the type of funding model was no longer a statistically significant factor. Compared with reference practices, those with at least one female family physician (β = 8.0, 95% CI 4.2 to 11.8), a panel size of fewer than 1600 patients per full-time equivalent family physician (β = 6.8, 95% CI 3.1 to 10.6) and an electronic reminder system (β = 4.6, 95% CI 0.4 to 8.7) had superior prevention scores. The effect of these three factors was largely but not always consistent across the funding models; it was largely

  10. Hippotherapy: Remuneration issues impair the offering of this therapeutic strategy at Southern California rehabilitation centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pham, Christine; Bitonte, Robert

    2016-04-06

    Hippotherapy is the use of equine movement in physical, occupational, or speech therapy in order to obtain functional improvements in patients. Studies show improvement in motor function and sensory processing for patients with a variety of neuromuscular disabilities, developmental disorders, or skeletal impairments as a result of using hippotherapy. The primary objective of this study is to identify the pervasiveness of hippotherapy in Southern California, and any factors that impair its utilization. One hundred and fifty-two rehabilitation centers in the Southern California counties of Los Angeles, San Diego, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Ventura, and Kern County were identified, and surveyed to ascertain if hippotherapy is utilized, and if not, why not. Through a review of forty facilities that responded to our inquiry, our study indicates that the majority of rehabilitation centers are familiar with hippotherapy, however, only seven have reported that hippotherapy is indeed available as an option in therapy at their centers. It is concluded that hippotherapy, used in a broad based array of physical and sensory disorders, is limited in its ability to be utilized, primarily due to remuneration issues.

  11. Algoritmos Evolutivos y su empleo en el ajuste de controladores del tipo PID: Estado Actual y Perspectivas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Reynoso-Meza

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Los controladores PID continúan siendo una solución fiable, robusta, práctica y sencilla para el control de procesos. Actualmente constituyen la primera capa de control de la gran mayoría de las aplicaciones industriales. De ahí que un número importante de trabajos de investigación se han orientado a mejorar su rendimiento y prestaciones. Las líneas de investigación en este campo van desde nuevos métodos de ajuste, pasando por nuevos tipos de estructura hasta metodologías de diseño integrales. Particularizando en el ajuste de parámetros, una de las formas de obtener una solución novedosa consiste en plantear un problema de optimización, el cual puede llegar a ser no-lineal, no-convexo y con restricciones. Dado que los algoritmos evolutivos han mostrado un buen desempeño para solucionar problemas complejos de optimización, han sido utilizados en diversas propuestas relacionadas con el ajuste de controladores PID. Este trabajo muestra un revisión de estas propuestas y las prestaciones obtenidas en cada caso. Así mismo, se identifican algunas tendencias y posibles líneas de trabajo futuras. Abstract: PID controllers are a reliable, robust, practical and easy to implement control solution for industrial processes. They provide the first control layer for a vast majority of industrial applications. Owing to this, several researches invest time and resources to improve their performance. The research lines in this field scope with new tuning methods, new types of structures and integral design methods. For tuning methods, improvements could be fulfilled stating an optimization problem, which could be non-linear, non-convex and highly constrained. In such instances, evolutionary algorithms have shown a good performance and have been used in various proposals related with PID controllers tuning. This work shows a review of these proposals and the benefits obtained in each case. Some

  12. Remuneration of limited partners with regard to the base for retirement pension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milena Otavová

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The papes deals with possible forms of the remuneration of limited partner. There are defined differences between types of his incomes (remuneration such as dividend, remuneration and wage, in relation to czech tax law. With the aid of calculation was determined their combination, both in light of maximum his after-payment-tax income with the inclusion of payments of social and medical insurence, and with respect to computing base for his future retirement pension. The comparison of the forms of the remuneration of limited partner was performed by using the model situations. Mo­dels were configured to represent the possible ways of the remuneration of the partner and also with regard to the social and health insurance. These models highlight the advantages of the different options in terms of the tax burden, partner’s net income and the pension paid in the future. Evalutes haw the forms and amount of incomes influence the amount of the old-age pension. Those models were the basis for the determining the optimum combination of the payment of the profit sharing and the wage of the Partner.

  13. Distributed generation and their remuneration in the reduction of losses; Geracao distribuida e sua remuneracao na reducao de perdas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chaves, Francisco David Moya; Jannuzzi, Gilberto de Martino [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Mecanica; Silva, Luiz Carlos Pereira da [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Eletrica e de Computacao

    2008-07-01

    The problematic associated to the Distribution Generation (DG) impact has several implications (economic, technical and environmental). The DG can to influence positive (reduction) or negatively (increase) about the level of losses. The impacts caused by the use of DG influence directly on the economic incentives that can get the DG. This paper presents some of the benefits and technical limitations in the use of DG in the provision of active and reactive power for each of the levels of transmission, sub transmission and distribution. An economic review where there is a decrease in the total cost of production of electric energy by the use of DG is shown. This reducing costs, can be used as an additional remuneration for the DG or used also in new investment in the expansion of DG without overlooking that within these technologies, deals are the Renewable Energy Sources. (author)

  14. 76 FR 37034 - Certain Employee Remuneration in Excess of $1,000,000 Under Internal Revenue Code Section 162(m)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-24

    ... Certain Employee Remuneration in Excess of $1,000,000 Under Internal Revenue Code Section 162(m) AGENCY... remuneration in excess of $1,000,000 under the Internal Revenue Code (Code). The proposed regulations clarify... stock options, it is intended that the directors may retain discretion as to the exact number of options...

  15. Systems of remuneration and motivation on the example of employees of internal hospital pharmacies in Poland – study results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Nieżurawska

    2016-03-01

    The results of research indicate the functioning of traditional systems of remuneration among pharmacists (pharmacy managers and employees in hospitals. The internal structure of remuneration of employees is not very fragmented and employee engagement and motivation of employees are clearly smaller here.

  16. 78 FR 19949 - The $500,000 Deduction Limitation for Remuneration Provided by Certain Health Insurance Providers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-02

    ... 26 CFR Part 1 The $500,000 Deduction Limitation for Remuneration Provided by Certain Health Insurance... limitation for remuneration provided by certain health insurance providers under section 162(m)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code (Code). These regulations affect health insurance providers that pay such...

  17. Impacto del ajuste por inflación financiero en la gestión empresarial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oda Hilda Gómez de Angulo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La inflación es un fenómeno económico que afecta la situación financiera de las organizaciones, por lo que existe la Declaración de Principios de Contabilidad No. 10 (DPC-10 que establece las normas para efectuar el ajuste por inflación a los estados financieros. Con el propósito de conocer el impacto de este ajuste, se seleccionaron dos empresas que realizan actividades diferentes. Se efectuó una revisión bibliográfica y documental de la DPC-10 y, con base a los informes al cierre de cada ejercicio económico de las empresas objeto de estudio, se recopilaron y prepararon los datos en una misma unidad de medida para efectos de comparación, análisis e interpretación. Los resultados obtenidos indican que en la empresa regida por la Comisión Nacional de Valores se justifica el ajuste por inflación financiero debido a la naturaleza de la estructura financiera y a que la toma de decisiones administrativas y legales se realiza con base a esta información; mientras que en la institución regida por la Superintendencia de Cajas de Ahorro no se justifica la presentación del ajuste por inflación financiero, ya que no aporta ningún valor agregado a la organización y la toma de decisiones se realiza con base a los estados financieros históricos.

  18. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    In 2016, net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates:   Monday, 25 January Thursday, 25 February Thursday, 24 March Monday, 25 April Wednesday, 25 May Friday, 24 June Monday, 25 July Thursday, 25 August Monday, 26 September Tuesday, 25 October Friday, 25 November Tuesday, 20 December     Finance and Administrative Processes department

  19. 20 CFR 363.1 - Authorization for garnishment of remuneration for employment paid by the Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... or to make alimony payments. (b) Remuneration for employment includes compensation paid or payable for personal services, whether such compensation is denominated as wages, salary, commission, bonus... individual concerned claimed all dependents to which he was entitled (the withholding of additional amounts...

  20. Regulatory Design of Capacity Remuneration Mechanisms in Regional and Low-Carbon Electric Power Markets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mastropietro, P.

    2016-01-01

    Capacity remuneration mechanisms (CRMs) are “climbing” regulatory agendas in all liberalised power sectors, especially in the European Union. CRMs are introduced to improve system reliability and to minimise power shortages to an economically efficient extent. These schemes will have a central role

  1. Remuneration discrepancies in the landlocked economies of Malaŵi and Uganda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munthali, Alister; Matagi, Leon; Tumwebaze, Callist

    2010-10-01

    Although the original study of remuneration differences between local and expatriate development workers took place in the landlocked economy of Malaŵi, the study has never been replicated outside of one sector and organization (the National University), and took place prior to the 2000 Millennium Development Goals. Participating in the present studies were 458 aid and development professionals, working across a range of sectors in Malaŵi (n = 241, response rate = 50%) and Uganda (n = 217, response rate = 51%). The size of the gap between local and international workers, measured using the World Bank's purchasing power parity, was higher in Malaŵi (4.04:1) than in Uganda (1.97:1). The ratio was more clearly within tolerance levels in Uganda than in Malaŵi. Consistent with these differences, and controlling for organization, cultural, and demographic factors, locally remunerated workers reported more and expatriate workers less injustice and demotivation in Malaŵi than in Uganda. Although sample sizes for the internationally remunerated are small, the findings suggest that wider disparities may (1) hinder perspective-taking and (2) decrease motivation. In-country workshops with stakeholders and subject-matter experts considered the findings, and potential solutions offered through the survey form. They recommended the implementation of performance-based remuneration, including competency-based job analysis and evaluation. Competencies in such functions can be provided by humanitarian work psychology.

  2. Health Workforce Remuneration: comparing wage levels, ranking and dispersion of 16 occupational groups in 20 countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tijdens, K.; de Vries, D.H.; Steinmetz, S.

    2013-01-01

    Background This article represents the first attempt to explore remuneration in Human Resources for Health (HRH), comparing wage levels, ranking and dispersion of 16 HRH occupational groups in 20 countries (Argentina, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, the Czech Republic, Finland, Germany,

  3. Health workforce remuneration: Comparing wage levels, ranking, and dispersion of 16 occupational groups in 20 countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.G. Tijdens (Kea); D.H. de Vries (Daniel); S.M. Steinmetz

    2013-01-01

    textabstractBackground: This article represents the first attempt to explore remuneration in Human Resources for Health (HRH), comparing wage levels, ranking and dispersion of 16 HRH occupational groups in 20 countries (Argentina, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, the Czech Republic,

  4. Essays on executive remuneration contracting : Managerial power, corporate payout, and gender discrimination

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geiler, P.H.M.

    2012-01-01

    Chapter 4 examines the existence of the gender pay gap among top managers in the UK. The study suggests the existence of substantial differences in both the level and mix of executive remuneration between male and female executives, but fails to establish a gender pay gap at the CEO level. The

  5. Job Insecurity and Remuneration in Chinese Family-Owned Business Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Qiao; Schaufeli, Wilmar B.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the impact of job insecurity (past job downsizing and anticipated job downsizing) and current remuneration--via wellbeing (burnout and work engagement)--on organizational outcomes (organization commitment and low turnover intention) of Chinese family-owned business. Design/methodology/approach: The…

  6. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Finance and Procurement Department

    2011-01-01

    In 2011 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates: Tuesday 25 January Friday 25 February Friday 25 March Tuesday 26 April Wednesday 25 May Friday 24 June Monday 25 July Thursday 25 August Monday 26 September Tuesday 25 October Friday 25 November Monday 19 December

  7. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    In 2014 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates:   Friday 24 January Tuesday 25 February Tuesday 25 March Friday 25 April Monday 26 May Wednesday 25 June Friday 25 July Monday 25 August Thursday 25 September Friday 24 October Tuesday 25 November Thursday 18 December   Finance, Procurement and Knowledge Transfer Department

  8. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    In 2013, net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates:   - Friday 25 January - Monday 25 February - Monday 25 March - Thursday 25 April - Friday 24 May - Tuesday 25 June - Thursday 25 July - Monday 26 August - Wednesday 25 September - Friday 25 October - Monday 25 November - Thursday 19 December Finance, Procurement and Knowledge Transfer Department

  9. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    In 2008 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates : Friday 25 January Monday 25 February Tuesday 25 March Friday 25 April Monday 26 May Wednesday 25 June Friday 25 July Monday 25 August Thursday 25 September Friday 24 October Tuesday 25 November Wednesday 17 December Finance Department

  10. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    In 2012 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates: Wednesday 25 January Friday 24 February Monday 26 March Wednesday 25 April Friday 25 May Monday 25 June Wednesday 25 July Friday 24 August Tuesday 25 September Thursday 25 October Monday 26 November Wednesday 19 December   Finance, Procurement and knowledge Transfer Department

  11. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    FI Department

    2007-01-01

    In 2007 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates: Thursday 25 January Monday 26 February Monday 26 March Wednesday 25 April Friday 25 May Monday 25 June Wednesday 25 July Friday 24 August Tuesday 25 September Thursday 25 October Monday 26 November Wednesday 19 December Finance Department

  12. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    In 2015 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates: Monday 26 January Wednesday 25 February Wednesday 25 March Friday 24 April Tuesday 26 May Thursday 25 June Friday 24 July Tuesday 25 August Friday 25 September Monday 26 October Wednesday 25 November Thursday 17 December Finance, Procurement and Knowledge Transfer Department

  13. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Finance and Procurement Department

    2010-01-01

    In 2010 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates: Monday 25 January Thursday 25 February Thursday 25 March Monday 26 April Tuesday 25 May Friday 25 June Monday 26 July Wednesday 25 August Friday 24 September Monday 25 October Thursday 25 November Friday 17 December

  14. Exposing Ideology within University Policies: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Faculty Hiring, Promotion and Remuneration Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uzuner-Smith, Sedef; Englander, Karen

    2015-01-01

    Using critical discourse analysis (CDA), this paper exposes the neoliberal ideology of the knowledge-based economy embedded within university policies, specifically those that regulate faculty hiring, promotion, and remuneration in two national contexts: Turkey and Mexico. The paper follows four stages of CDA: (1) focus upon a social wrong in its…

  15. Aspects of Training and Remuneration in the Accommodation Industry: A Comparison between Australian and Singaporean Providers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Ruth; Davies, Doug

    2004-01-01

    It has long been recognised that effective staff training and remuneration allows an organisation to provide a unique and differentiating standard of service in industry, resulting in increased profitability to service providers. The purpose of this research study is to investigate the training strategies, and hence the training profile, of…

  16. Executive Remuneration and the Financial Performance of Quoted Firms: The Nigerian Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunday OGBEIDE

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study examined executive remuneration and firms’ performance in Nigeria. Specifically, the study seeks to ascertain the nexus between executive remuneration, firm size and board size variables and the performance of quoted companies. The population of the study consists of all the quoted firms as at 31st December, 2014. A sample of sixty (60 companies excluding non- financial firms was selected for the period 2013 and 2014. Summary statistics such as descriptive, correlation and granger causality tests were used. Inferential statistics, using panel Generalized Least Square (EGLS with fixed effect was used for the purpose of empirical validations. This was after the application of diagnostic test to enhance the study. The study ascertained that executive remuneration has a relationship with firm performance, but negatively impacted on it; though was not statistically significant. Firm size was ascertained not to have significant positive relationship with firms’ performance; though it has a causality relationship with the performance of the firms. Board size was found to negatively affect the performance of firms and is statistically not significant. Premised on this, the study suggests that executive remuneration of quote firms should be pegged constantly in a flexible manner. This will enable shareholders known the causality relationship between what is paid to the executive and how that influence performance.

  17. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    FI Department

    2006-01-01

    In 2006 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates : Wednesday 25 January Friday 24 February Friday 24 March Tuesday 25 April Wednesday 24 May Monday 26 June Tuesday 25 July Friday 25 August Monday 25 September Wednesday 25 October Friday 24 November Wednesday 20 December Finance Department

  18. Does an activity based remuneration system attract young doctors to general practice?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abelsen Birgit

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The use of increasingly complex payment schemes in primary care may represent a barrier to recruiting general practitioners (GP. The existing Norwegian remuneration system is fully activity based - 2/3 fee-for-service and 1/3 capitation. Given that the system has been designed and revised in close collaborations with the medical association, it is likely to correspond - at least to some degree - with the preferences of current GPs (men in majority. The objective of this paper was to study which preferences that young doctors (women in majority, who are the potential entrants to general practice have for activity based vs. salary based payment systems. Methods In November-December 2010 all last year medical students and all interns in Norway (n = 1.562 were invited to participate in an online survey. The respondents were asked their opinion on systems of remuneration for GPs; inclination to work as a GP; risk attitude; income preferences; work pace tolerance. The data was analysed using one-way ANOVA and multinomial logistic regression analysis. Results A total of 831 (53% responded. Nearly half the sample (47% did not consider the remuneration system to be important for their inclination to work as GP; 36% considered the current system to make general practice more attractive, while 17% considered it to make general practice less attractive. Those who are attracted by the existing system were men and those who think high income is important, while those who are deterred by the system are risk averse and less happy with a high work pace. On the question of preferred remuneration system, half the sample preferred a mix of salary and activity based remuneration (the median respondent would prefer a 50/50 mix. Only 20% preferred a fully activity based system like the existing one. A salary system was preferred by women, and those less concerned with high income, while a fully activity based system was preferred by men, and those

  19. Does an activity based remuneration system attract young doctors to general practice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background The use of increasingly complex payment schemes in primary care may represent a barrier to recruiting general practitioners (GP). The existing Norwegian remuneration system is fully activity based - 2/3 fee-for-service and 1/3 capitation. Given that the system has been designed and revised in close collaborations with the medical association, it is likely to correspond - at least to some degree - with the preferences of current GPs (men in majority). The objective of this paper was to study which preferences that young doctors (women in majority), who are the potential entrants to general practice have for activity based vs. salary based payment systems. Methods In November-December 2010 all last year medical students and all interns in Norway (n = 1.562) were invited to participate in an online survey. The respondents were asked their opinion on systems of remuneration for GPs; inclination to work as a GP; risk attitude; income preferences; work pace tolerance. The data was analysed using one-way ANOVA and multinomial logistic regression analysis. Results A total of 831 (53%) responded. Nearly half the sample (47%) did not consider the remuneration system to be important for their inclination to work as GP; 36% considered the current system to make general practice more attractive, while 17% considered it to make general practice less attractive. Those who are attracted by the existing system were men and those who think high income is important, while those who are deterred by the system are risk averse and less happy with a high work pace. On the question of preferred remuneration system, half the sample preferred a mix of salary and activity based remuneration (the median respondent would prefer a 50/50 mix). Only 20% preferred a fully activity based system like the existing one. A salary system was preferred by women, and those less concerned with high income, while a fully activity based system was preferred by men, and those happy with a high work

  20. Does an activity based remuneration system attract young doctors to general practice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abelsen, Birgit; Olsen, Jan Abel

    2012-03-20

    The use of increasingly complex payment schemes in primary care may represent a barrier to recruiting general practitioners (GP). The existing Norwegian remuneration system is fully activity based - 2/3 fee-for-service and 1/3 capitation. Given that the system has been designed and revised in close collaborations with the medical association, it is likely to correspond - at least to some degree - with the preferences of current GPs (men in majority). The objective of this paper was to study which preferences that young doctors (women in majority), who are the potential entrants to general practice have for activity based vs. salary based payment systems. In November-December 2010 all last year medical students and all interns in Norway (n = 1.562) were invited to participate in an online survey. The respondents were asked their opinion on systems of remuneration for GPs; inclination to work as a GP; risk attitude; income preferences; work pace tolerance. The data was analysed using one-way ANOVA and multinomial logistic regression analysis. A total of 831 (53%) responded. Nearly half the sample (47%) did not consider the remuneration system to be important for their inclination to work as GP; 36% considered the current system to make general practice more attractive, while 17% considered it to make general practice less attractive. Those who are attracted by the existing system were men and those who think high income is important, while those who are deterred by the system are risk averse and less happy with a high work pace. On the question of preferred remuneration system, half the sample preferred a mix of salary and activity based remuneration (the median respondent would prefer a 50/50 mix). Only 20% preferred a fully activity based system like the existing one. A salary system was preferred by women, and those less concerned with high income, while a fully activity based system was preferred by men, and those happy with a high work pace. Given a concern

  1. ¿Existe rigidez en el ajuste del empleo en Chile?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Dresdner

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes: Estudiamos c mo el nivel de empleo agregado se ajust en la eco- nom a chilena, posterior a la llamada crisis asi tica. Contrastamos distintas hi- p tesis que se han esgrimido en el debate p blico, y que no han sido probadas formalmente, sobre las razones por las cuales el nivel de empleo tard tanto tiempo en recuperar los niveles precrisis. M todos: Especi camos y estimamos un modelo de vectores autorregresivos con series de tiempo para el trimestre 1995.1-2007.4 y aplicamos el m todo de Jo- hansen para identi car vectores de cointegraci n. Resultados: Estimamos un vector de cointegraci n que representa la funci n de demanda laboral. Realizamos las siguientes pruebas de hip tesis sobre esta fun- ci n: homogeneidad de grado cero en precios, elasticidad producto de la de- manda unitaria; quiebre estructural en el intercepto de esta funci n; cambio en la elasticidad producto de la demanda laboral de largo plazo entre subperiodos y existencia de costos de ajuste. Conclusiones: Inestabilidad en la elasticidad demanda del ingreso en la funci n de demanda por trabajo en Chile posterior a la crisis asi tica, pero no en la direc- ci n sugerida por el debate previo. Adicionalmente, el factor que contribuy en forma m s decisiva a la lenta recuperaci n del empleo posterior a la crisis fue el costo de ajuste presentes en la econom a chilena.

  2. 75 FR 59751 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-28

    ... entitled ``Brokerage Transactions on a Securities Exchange.'' The rule governs the remuneration that a... securities transactions by the fund. The rule requires a fund's board of directors to establish, and review as necessary, procedures reasonably designed to provide that the remuneration to an affiliated broker...

  3. Pleasing but also unfair - The first year of cost-covering remuneration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Niederhaeusern, A.

    2009-01-01

    In this interview with Reto Rigassi from Suisse Eole, the Swiss Wind Energy Association, the situation in Switzerland with regard to the cost-covering remuneration (KEV) for renewable energy fed into the public electricity mains is discussed. The economic viability of feeding-in power generated by wind energy installations is discussed in the light of reduced remuneration rates. The financial situation is compared with that prevailing before the introduction of the KEV. The resulting effects on the wind energy business are commented on. The number of installations in service is noted as is alternative financing via 'renewable power stock-exchanges'. Reductions in prices to be expected and the global wind energy situation are also discussed

  4. Representación de la Enfermedad, Afrontamiento y Ajuste en los Trastornos Alimentarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yolanda Quiles Marcos

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta investigación es evaluar la representación de la enfermedad en pacientes con un trastorno alimentario (TA, así como su relación con el afrontamiento y el ajuste, utilizando como marco teórico el Modelo del Sentido Común de Leventhal. Método: Participaron 98 mujeres diagnosticadas de un TA. La media de edad fue 20.8 años (dt=5.61. Para evaluar la representación de la enfermedad se administró la adaptación española para los TA del Cuestionario de Percepción de la Enfermedad Revisado (IPQ-R. Resultados: Respecto a la identidad, los síntomas más señalados fueron la "pérdida de peso" (89.8% y las "alteraciones en la menstruación" (81.6%. Consideran que su enfermedad tiene una larga duración y serias consecuencias, así como que tienen control y siguiendo un tratamiento es posible su curación. El 21% de la varianza de las estrategias evitativas fue explicado por diferentes dimensiones de la representación de la enfermedad. Se confirman los efectos directos de la representación de la enfermedad sobre el ajuste, pero no los del afrontamiento. Conclusiones: Los resultados apoyan la necesidad de intervenir sobre las creencias que tienen estas pacientes sobre su enfermedad con el fin de mejorar su ajuste psicosocial.

  5. Remuneration of the reactive power in the Argentinean supply market; Remuneracao da potencia reativa no mercado de suprimento argentino

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kerszberg, Ernesto M; Dravnovsky, Mario Carlos [Administradora del Mercado Mayorista Eletrico S.A. (Argentina)

    1996-05-01

    This work presents the standards and legislation about power reactive consumption by involved agents in the market electric power supply. It discusses how to remunerate this reactive and the compromises among the actors of the power electric system

  6. El ajuste temporal: criterio de ejecución distintivo de la inteligencia deportiva

    OpenAIRE

    Roca i Balasch, Josep

    1998-01-01

    En este artículo se propone una consideración de la actividad física y el deporte como una actividad inteligente en base a una concepción amplia de inteligencia y en base a la atención al parámetro tiempo como criterio de ajuste psicológico. Por lo que respecta a la primera afirmación, se afirma que tanto las habilidades perceptivo-motrices como las habilidades interactivas constituyen dos dimensiones de adaptación humana tradicionalmente infravaloradas en aras de las habilidades cognoscitiva...

  7. Ajuste del Índice de Pont para mujeres y hombres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula María Nava–Salcedo

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available La forma de arco dental de mujeres y hombres es diferente, en los hombres es amplio y en mujeres de forma parabólica. En ortodoncia existen índices y métodos para la predicción del ancho y forma del arco ideal, uno de estos índices es el de Pont que no toma en cuenta las diferencias entre sexos. Objetivos: determinar la efectividad del índice de Pont al emplearlo en hombres y mujeres, realizar el ajuste si fuera necesario a las formulas del índice de Pont para poder aplicarlo en hombres y mujeres. Materiales y métodos: investigación descriptiva, no experimental y transversal. La muestra fue de 139 modelos de estudio, 94 de pacientes femeninos y 45 de pacientes masculinos, por lo que se seleccionaron 45 modelos de pacientes femeninos de forma aleatoria para igualar las muestras. Se compararon mediante una t de Student los valores reales de la muestra de hombres con los de las mujeres y el resultado del análisis de Pont en hombres y mujeres. Se realizó el ajuste de las constantes del índice de Pont para mujeres y  hombres, se aplicó a ambas poblaciones, el resultado se  comparó con los valores reales interpremolar e intermolar en maxilar y mandíbula. Resultados: el análisis de Pont no es efectivo para utilizarse en mujeres y hombres de Nayarit, se encontraron diferencias transversales entre ambas poblaciones, los ajustes realizados para la población femenina y masculinafue efectiva para utilizase en la población de Nayarit. Conclusiones: El índice de Pont no es aplicable debido a que sobreestima los valores de la población femenina y masculinade la población de Nayarit. Los ajustes realizados fueron efectivos y se recomienda evaluarlo en otras poblaciones.

  8. Ajuste de la fuerza de infección del dengue

    OpenAIRE

    Aldana-Bermúdez, Eliécer; Restrepo-Triviño, Maribel; Muñoz-Loaiza, Aníbal

    2017-01-01

    RESUMEN Objetivo Plantear un modelo matemático hospedero vector para el ajuste de la fuerza de infección del dengue en una población variable con crecimiento logístico y ciclo de vida del mosquito con tasa de ovoposición periódica, considerando inmunidad a un serotipo. Métodos El modelo matemático propuesto está representado por ocho ecuaciones diferenciales a las que se les calcula la fuerza de infección por el método de las redes libres de escala. Resultados Se presenta una simulación...

  9. Diferencias en el ajuste psicológico, familiar y escolar en adolescentes agresores de cyberbullying

    OpenAIRE

    Ortega-Barón, J.; Buelga, S.; Carrascosa, L.; Cava, M.J.

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCCIÓN: El acoso a través de las TICs entre niños y adolescentes suscita gran preocupación en la comunidad científica. Sin embargo, en comparación con la amplia investigación realizada sobre las cibervíctimas, todavía no son muchos los estudios realizados sobre los ciberagresores. El objetivo principal del presente estudio fue analizar la existencia de diferencias entre ciberagresores (severos y ocasionales) y adolescentes no implicados en cyberbullying en los indicadores de ajuste psic...

  10. Definition of a remuneration system for heat from renewable resources; Ausgestaltung einer Einspeiseverguetung fuer erneuerbare Waerme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dettli, R.; Ott, W.; Philippen, D.; Umbricht, A.

    2009-06-15

    This report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) deals with proposals for a remuneration system for heat obtained from renewable resources. Local and regional district heating systems cover around three percent of Swiss heating needs. The authors estimate that, if these systems were to be operated completely using renewable resources such as biomass, ambient heat and the renewable portion of heat from waste incineration, around seven per cent of needs could be met. Further, around 10,000 heating systems with a power of more than 350 kW could be operated with renewables. A further potential for the use of renewable heating resources can be found in wastewater treatment plants and industrial waste heat. Various obstacles and restraints on the use of renewable resources in the heating area are discussed. The idea of providing a cost-covering remuneration system for heat is discussed and compared with that for renewable electricity. The proposed system is discussed, which would provide investment subsidies, risk-coverage and project development subsidies. The report discusses the results of a market analysis and the differences to be found between the markets for electricity and heat. Existing promotional programs are noted and the aims of a possible remuneration system are discussed. A concept for a promotion program for renewable heat generation and the use of waste heat is introduced. The installations to be promoted and the amount of remuneration to be paid out are discussed. Finally, the costs and the effects of the proposed promotion scheme are discussed. A comprehensive appendix provides details on the proposed system and provides information on market volume, energy resources, networks and infrastructure, providers of heat energy, heat consumers and general conditions as far as factors such as pricing and legislation are concerned. Finally, the 'Climate Cent' foundation is commented on.

  11. Corporate governance : disclosure on directors’ remuneration in Malaysia – is it adequate?

    OpenAIRE

    Wong, Irene Ling Chiong

    2014-01-01

    Ever since numerous corporate failures that shaken the faith and confidence of the public, the introduction of good corporate governance mechanism has swept the world off their feet. A sound corporate governance mechanism not only encourages proper management of risk, but at the same time, promotes effective performance. A vital part of corporate governance, directors’ remuneration has gain considerable focus from the policy makers, academics, media and public over the years. The measurements...

  12. Determinants of Executive Directors’ Remuneration in Malaysia’s ACE Market

    OpenAIRE

    Hong, Chee Yoong

    2016-01-01

    This purpose of this study is to analyse and evaluate the determinants of executive directors' remuneration of public listed companies in Malaysia's ACE Market. This study is using panel data analysis on 76 public listed companies in ACE Market from 2009 to 2013 (5 years) with the total of 380 observations. Similar to AIM Market in UK, ACE Market is set up to facilitate emerging companies, which are important to Malaysia economic growth, to raise capital easily. Unfortunately, these companies...

  13. Equal Remuneration (Amendment) Act, 1987 (No. 49 of 1987), 16 December 1987.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    This Act amends the Equal Remuneration Act, 1976, specifically to prohibit discrimination between men and women in relation to conditions of service subsequent to employment such as promotions, training, or transfer. The original Act contained no such provisions. Sections of the Act are also amended to provide for greater penalties and for the lodging of complaints by any person aggrieved and by any recognized welfare institution or organization, in addition to government officials. full text

  14. To all members of the personnel in receipt of remuneration from cern

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2009-01-01

    In 2009 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates: -\tMonday 26 January -\tWednesday 25 February -\tWednesday 25 March -\tFriday 24 April -\tMonday 25 May -\tThursday 25 June -\tFriday 24 July -\tTuesday 25 August -\tFriday 25 September -\tMonday 26 October -\tWednesday 25 November -\tWednesday 16 December Finance and Procurement Department

  15. New Approach to Remuneration Policy for Investment Firms: a Polish Capital Market Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szymon Okoń

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The experience of the recent financial crisis leads to reflections on the relevant mechanisms of risk reduction of an investment firms activity. Within the European Union, the Directive 2010/76/EU (CRD III has introduced new rules regarding the remuneration policy for investment firms. The main goal was to reduce the risk of investment firms’ activity. This is a prudential regulation. The purpose of this article is to evaluate, from the point of view of an investment firm, proposed by the EU legislator approach to remuneration policy aimed at reducing the risk of the operation of this type of financial institutions. The aim was to identify the key problems with which Polish investment firms may face in the future in connection with new remuneration policy rules. As far as the methodology is concerned, the author carried out in-depth and standardized interviews with the representatives of several investment firms in Poland. In addition, the method of observation has been applied. The results of the research demonstrates that the abovementioned regulations will have limited impact on reducing the risk of the activities of these financial institutions as well as their implementation will be difficult for them in practice.

  16. Comparison of simple additive weighting (SAW) and composite performance index (CPI) methods in employee remuneration determination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karlitasari, L.; Suhartini, D.; Benny

    2017-01-01

    The process of determining the employee remuneration for PT Sepatu Mas Idaman currently are still using Microsoft Excel-based spreadsheet where in the spreadsheet there is the value of criterias that must be calculated for every employee. This can give the effect of doubt during the assesment process, therefore resulting in the process to take much longer time. The process of employee remuneration determination is conducted by the assesment team based on some criterias that have been predetermined. The criteria used in the assessment process are namely the ability to work, human relations, job responsibility, discipline, creativity, work, achievement of targets, and absence. To ease the determination of employee remuneration to be more efficient and effective, the Simple Additive Weighting (SAW) method is used. SAW method can help in decision making for a certain case, and the calculation that generates the greatest value will be chosen as the best alternative. Other than SAW, also by using another method was the CPI method which is one of the calculating method in decision making based on performance index. Where SAW method was more faster by 89-93% compared to CPI method. Therefore it is expected that this application can be an evaluation material for the need of training and development for employee performances to be more optimal.

  17. The relationship between Chief Executive Officer remuneration and financial performance in South Africa between 2006 and 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Bussin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: The relationship between Chief Executive Officer (CEO remuneration and organisation performance has been a topic of close scrutiny, especially since the global financial crisis. Optimal contracting relies on the premise that effective incentives will link organisation financial performance and CEO remuneration in ways that will be in the best interests of both shareholders and CEOs. Research purpose: The purpose of this research study was to investigate the relationship between CEO remuneration and organisation performance in South Africa between 2006 and 2012 and to determine whether the two constructs were positively correlated.Motivation for the study: The study provides an evidenced-based understanding of the nature of the CEO pay-performance relationship in South Africa. Understanding this relationship is critical to finding a suitable model to structure executive remuneration that will protect shareholders from over-remunerating executives in times of economic appreciation, whilst protecting executives from being underpaid in times of economic depreciation. Method: The financial results and CEO remuneration of 21 of the top 40 listed companies on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange were analysed for the period 2006–2012. The research was a quantitative, archival study. The primary statistical techniques used in the study were correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. Main findings: The primary finding of the current research indicates that between 2006 and 2012 organisation executives have noticeably been moving away from focusing on short-termincentives, which are categorised as performance-related elements of remuneration packages.Based on these findings, it is evident that the relationship between executive remuneration and organisational financial performance has been experiencing a decline, especially since the 2008 global financial crisis. The decline has predominantly been due to a move away from performance

  18. Sistema Computacional para Ajuste de Funções Densidade de Probabilidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Henrique Breda Binoti

    Full Text Available RESUMO Este trabalho teve por objetivo iniciar, implementar e validar um projeto de construção de um sistema computadorizado para ajuste de funções densidade de probabilidade. O FitFD foi desenvolvido utilizando-se a linguagem de programação Java. Como ambiente de desenvolvimento foram utilizadas a IDE (Integrated Development Environment Netbeans 7.1 e a JDK 7.3 (Java Development Kit. Os testes do sistema foram realizados em ambiente Windows. Foram implementadas no sistema as seguintes funções densidade de probabilidade: Weibull (2P, 3P, 2P com dap mínimo como locação, 3P truncada, hiperbólica (2P, 3P, 2P com dap mínimo como locação, 3P truncada, log-logística (2P, 3P, 2P com dap mínimo como locação, logística generalizada, Fatigue life (2P e 3P e Frechet (2P e 3P. O sistema desenvolvido auxilia os usuários na definição e escolha da fdp que melhor atenda suas necessidades, contudo melhorias são necessárias. O projeto iniciado mostrou-se eficiente para ajustes de funções de densidade probabilidade.

  19. La inteligencia emocional y el ajuste psicológico: un estudio transcultural

    OpenAIRE

    Fulquez Castro, Sandra Carina

    2011-01-01

    La intel·ligència emocional (IE) és una competència de l'ésser humà. Així mateix, elements psicològics com l'autoestima, l-autoconfiança, les relacions amb els iguals i les relacions amb els pares -en el cas dels adolescents- constitueixen eines que guien la salut mental i l'adaptació social de l'individu. L'estudi que es presenta demostra l'associació existent entre la IE (atenció emocional -AE- claredat emocional -CE- i reparació emocional -RE) i les variables d'ajust psicològic, així com d...

  20. Uso de herramientas numéricas y computacionales en el ajuste de curvas

    OpenAIRE

    Ascheri, María; Pizarro, Rubén

    2006-01-01

    Nuestro objetivo es introducir a los alumnos de Cálculo Numérico en el uso de la técnica de ajuste de curvas por medio de la regresión con mínimos cuadrados en la solución de problemas de ingeniería, de física y de matemática aplicada, utilizando herramientas numéricas y computacionales. La metodología usada para apoyar el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje de este temática particular de Cálculo Numérico con computadora es la siguiente: se combina la enseñanza tradicional, las técnicas grupales...

  1. Efectos de entrenar para cumplir criterios de congruencia en tareas de ajuste lector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán Morales-Chávez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación evaluó los efectos de entrenar estudiantes universitarios para satisfacer criterios de congruencia en tareas de ajuste lector con base en parámetros de congruencia y de coherencia. El grupo experimental fue entrenado para satisfacer criterios de congruencia y fue expuesto a dos pruebas de evaluación en satisfacción de criterios de congruencia y coherencia. El grupo control solo fue sometido a las pruebas de evaluación. Los resultados revelan que el entrenamiento favoreció la satisfacción de criterios tanto de congruencia como de coherencia. Se discute la relevancia del desempeño efectivo en una situación lectora con criterios de congruencia como condición para el desarrollo de conductas lectoras funcionalmente más complejas.

  2. EFECTOS DE ENTRENAR PARA CUMPLIR CRITERIOS DE CONGRUENCIA EN TAREAS DE AJUSTE LECTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán Morales-Chávez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación evaluó los efectos de entrenar estudiantes universitarios para satisfacer criterios de congruenciaen tareas de ajuste lector con base en parámetros de congruenciay de coherencia. El grupo experimental fue entrenadopara satisfacer criterios de congruencia y fue expuestoa dos pruebas de evaluación en satisfacción de criterios decongruencia y coherencia. El grupo control solo fue sometidoa las pruebas de evaluación. Los resultados revelan que elentrenamiento favoreció la satisfacción de criterios tanto decongruencia como de coherencia. Se discute la relevancia deldesempeño efectivo en una situación lectora con criterios decongruencia como condición para el desarrollo de conductaslectoras funcionalmente más complejas.

  3. El papel de la concertación social ante la política de ajuste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Raso Delgue

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Contenido: Introducción. Ajuste. Modos de producción y concertación. Nuevos actores y nuevas dimensiones del conflictos. Las dimensiones de la nueva concertación. Contenidos de la nueva concertación. Conclusiones

  4. Concerning the teacher’s value: remuneration of the teaching work in Minas Gerais (1859-1900

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Jane Alves Durães

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses some facts that determined the remuneration of the male and female teacher of primary school in Minas Gerais province/state during the second half of XIX century. It shows that the remuneration was paid according to different criteria as the sex of the teacher; function position – effective, substitute, for example –, the localization of the school – rural, urbane, district or village –, the teaching position in which the male and female teacher worked, how long he/she was teaching, the number of the students in the class and others. Summary, the remuneration can be analyzed as a result of historical values that have been constructed inside the school and public sphere, and in the social relations outside them.

  5. Medical students, money, and career selection: students' perception of financial factors and remuneration in family medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morra, Dante J; Regehr, Glenn; Ginsburg, Shiphra

    2009-02-01

    Medical students have had a declining interest in family medicine as a career. Some studies have shown a small inverse relationship between debt levels and primary care, but it is unclear how students perceive remuneration in different specialties and how these perceptions might influence career choice. Medical students at one school were surveyed to understand their perceptions of physician remuneration and to gain insight into how these perceptions might affect career selection. Response rate was 72% (560/781 students). Students' estimates of physician income were accurate throughout training, with the overall estimate for family medicine being lower than the actual income by only $10,656. The vast majority of students agreed with the statement that family physicians get paid too little (85%-89% of each class). The importance of payment as a factor in career decision making increased with higher debt and with advancing training. Students are able to accurately predict income by specialty from an early stage of training and have a negative perception of income in family medicine. The perception that family physicians make too little money could be an important driver--or at least a modifier--in the lack of interest in family medicine.

  6. Transformational leadership as a mediator in the relationship between satisfaction with remuneration and the retention of artisans in the military

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zamokuhle W. Shabane

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: The field of leadership has been extensively researched over the last couple of decades, with a particular emphasis on the different types of leadership styles. The most valuable resource that any manager works with is human resources. Studies have indicated that the way in which people are managed is influenced by the leadership styles of managers. This, in turn, influences employee behavioural intention, including intention to quit. Retention is, in turn, influenced by a number of factors, including remuneration. This study considers the relationship between satisfaction with remuneration and retention and the mediating role that a transformational leadership style may play in this regard. Research purpose: The objectives of this study were twofold. Firstly, to determine whether transformational leadership played a mediating role in the relationship between satisfaction with remuneration and intention to stay amongst artisans employed in the military. Secondly, to determine whether there were demographic differences for these findings. Motivation for the study: This study was conducted to determine whether a perceived lack or presence of transformational leadership influences the intention to quit amongst employees in relation to their level of satisfaction with their remuneration. In this way, the study may assist in determining strategies to improve artisan retention levels. Research methodology: The study was quantitative in nature. A survey research design was applied to collect data, using a questionnaire as the survey instrument, from artisans (N = 108 employed at a military unit in Pretoria. Main findings: The results revealed that the participants, regardless of gender or race, were generally unsatisfied with their remuneration. Transformational leadership was found to play a mediating role in the relationship between satisfaction with remuneration and intention to stay. Practical/managerial implications: Organisations

  7. Relación entre variables familiares y el ajuste conyugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nerea Jiménez-Picón

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Objetivo: Analizar si las variables familiares tales como tipo de relación de pareja, años de matrimonio, existencia de hijos, número de miembros de la unidad familiar, etapas del ciclo vital familiar, transición entre etapas, apoyo social percibido y/o acontecimientos vitales estresantes se relacionan con el ajuste conyugal. Diseño: Estudio transversal y correlacional mediante encuestas. Emplazamiento: Consultas de atención primaria y unidades de hospitalización de los centros seleccionados de la provincia de Sevilla, España. Participantes: Muestra consecutiva estratificada por cuotas de 369 parejas, mayores de 18 años, heterosexuales, que mantenían una relación de pareja, con o sin hijos, residentes en Sevilla. Mediciones principales: Se emplea cuestionario autoadministrado con las variables sociodemográficas y las escalas Versión Breve de la Escala de Ajuste Diádico, Cuestionario de MOS de Apoyo Social Percibido y Escala de Reajuste Social. Se realizó análisis descriptivo e inferencial con estadísticos de correlación y regresión multivariante. Resultados: Relaciones estadísticamente significativas entre el ajuste conyugal y los años de matrimonio (r = −0,10; p < 0,05, la etapa del ciclo vital familiar (F = 2,65; p < 0,05, la transición entre etapas (rpb = 0,11; p < 0,05 y el apoyo social percibido (r = 0,44; p < 0,001. El modelo de regresión mostró la capacidad predictiva del apoyo social percibido y etapa del ciclo vital familiar (etapa madura-anciana sobre el ajuste conyugal (R2 = 0,21; F = 9,9; DF = 356; p < 0,001. Conclusiones: Desde atención primaria, se puede valorar a las parejas, ofrecer recursos y proporcionar apoyo. También pueden identificarse variables que ayuden a mejorar la relación conyugal. Abstract: Objective: To determine whether family variables, such as type of relationship, years of marriage, existence of offspring, number of members of family, stage of family

  8. Comparación entre varias poblaciones estándar para el ajuste por edades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Llorca Díaz

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: Analizar el efecto que tiene la elección de una población de referencia sobre diferentes indicadores derivados de las tasas de mortalidad ajustadas por edad. MÉTODOS: Las tasas de mortalidad por diferentes causas de muerte en España de 1971 a 1992 son ajustadas empleando cuatro poblaciones de referencia: poblaciones españolas de 1971 y 1992, población estándar europea y población estándar mundial. Los resultados obtenidos con las cuatro poblaciones se comparan empleando tres indicadores: diferencia entre las tasas de 1992 y 1971, razón entre las tasas de 1992 y 1971y cambio anual porcentual entre 1971 y 1992. RESULTADOS: En la mayor parte de las causas de muerte estudiadas incluyendo el total de causas, la cardiopatía isquémica y casi todos los tumores, la razón de tasas y el porcentaje de cambio anual son similares con independencia de cuál sea la población estándar empleada. En cambio, la diferencia de tasas es muy diferente en función de la población de referencia. En las enfermedades infecciosas y el cáncer de testículo se produce la situación contraria: la diferencia de tasas es robusta mientras que la razón de tasas varía con la población estándar. Finalmente, la mortalidad por neumonía, enfermedad de Parkinson y cáncer de encéfalo muestra cambios en los tres indicadores utilizados. CONCLUSIONES: Es necesario realizar un análisis de las tasas específicas por edad antes de proceder a su ajuste. Este análisis permite averiguar si el ajuste por edades es correcto y qué indicador (diferencia, razón o cambio porcentual será adecuado para realizar comparaciones.

  9. 20 CFR 322.3 - Determining the days with respect to which remuneration is payable or accrues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the specified period. (d) Equivalent of full-time work. An employee who works fewer than five days each week under a compressed work schedule that provides the equivalent of full-time employment does not earn remuneration with respect to his or her additional rest days resulting from such work...

  10. Elementos para el análisis de los programas de ajuste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Villamizar Helena

    1991-12-01

    Full Text Available

    La aplicación de las políticas generales, preconizadas por los programas de ajuste en América Latina, en la mayoría de los casos no dieron los resultados deseados. Su éxito necesariamente requería del cumplimiento de ciertos supuestos y condiciones que permitieran que las políticas de "gestión de demanda no generaran efectos negativos sobre el crecimiento en el largo plazo. Al no cumplirse algunos de 105 supuestos teóricos básicos, y al no contar los países con flujos de capitales adecuados y con un entorno externo abierto, la aplicación de estos programas se tradujo en grandes sacrificios en el crecimiento y muchas veces en la perpetuación de situaciones recesivas. Puesto que la región aun no ha encontrado una verdadera vía de solución, se hace imperioso abordar la construcción de una nueva perspectiva teórica, basada en supuestos realistas, que permita abordar los apremiantes problemas del desarrollo latinoamericano.

  11. La influencia de las diferencias entre el padre y la madre sobre el ajuste adolescente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo se centra en analizar cómo influyen en el consumo de sustancias (tabaco, alcohol y cannabis y el bienestar psicológico adolescente (calidad de vida relacionada con la salud y satisfacción vital las diferencias entre el padre y la madre en afecto, promoción de la autonomía, revelación, interés y conocimiento. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 10170 chicos y chicas españoles de 13 a 18 años de familias biparentales que participaron en la edición 2006 del estudio Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC. Los resultados mostraron que los adolescentes que indicaron que su padre y madre coincidían en presentar altos niveles en las dimensiones familiares analizadas consumieron menos sustancias y tuvieron mejor bienestar psicológico. Por el contrario, el ajuste de los adolescentes cuyos progenitores (padre y madre tenían bajos niveles en esas dimensiones familiares fue peor. Concretamente, la dimensión más importante para el consumo de sustancias fue el conocimiento parental y para el bienestar psicológico lo fue el afecto parental; la revelación adolescente solo fue relevante para el consumo de alcohol y la calidad de vida, mientras que la promoción parental de la autonomía lo fue para la calidad de vida.

  12. Ajuste econômico e desemprego recente no Brasil metropolitano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARCIO POCHMANN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available resumo O presente artigo trata da evolução da taxa de desemprego no início do ano 2015. Três partes compõem de forma consecutiva e encadeada a partir da premissa de que as mudanças no interior do mercado de trabalho sinalizadas principalmente pelo aumento dos desempregados são geradas fundamentalmente pelo avanço da recessão na economia brasileira. A primeira parte aponta as principais alterações no rendimento e emprego da mão de obra no mercado de trabalho do Brasil metropolitano durante os meses de janeiro a julho de 2015, enquanto a segunda parte descreve brevemente as características mais importantes que decorrem do aumento recente da taxa de desemprego. Por fim, a terceira parte registra comparativamente os reflexos da adoção das políticas de ajustes econômicos no desemprego em anos selecionados durante as últimas três décadas. Dessa forma, constata-se o grau de intensidade atual na evolução da taxa de desemprego com a de outros momentos vividos no país.

  13. [Clinics adjacent to private pharmacies in Mexico: infrastructure and characteristics of the physicians and their remuneration].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz-Portillo, Sandra P; Idrovo, Álvaro J; Dreser, Anahí; Bonilla, Federico R; Matías-Juan, Bonifacia; Wirtz, Veronika J

    2015-01-01

    To analyze and compare the physicians' characteristics, their remuneration, the compliance with regulation and the services offered between clinics adjacent to pharmacies (CAF) and independent medical clinics (CMI). Questionnaire applied to 239 physicians in 18 states including the Federal District, in Mexico in 2012. Physicians in CAF had less professional experience (5 versus 12 years), less postgraduate studies (61.2 versus 81.8%) and lower average monthly salaries (USD 418 versus USD 672) than their peers in CMI. In CAF there was less compliance in relation to medical record keeping and prescribing. The employment situation of physicians in CAF is more precarious than in CMI. It is necessary to strengthen the enforcement of existing regulations and develop policies according to the monitoring of its performance, particularly, but not exclusively, in CAF.

  14. Lucha popular, democracia, neoliberalismo: protesta popular en América Latina en los años del ajuste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Cecilia García V.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Margarita López Maya (editora. Lucha popular, democracia, neoliberalismo: protesta popular en América Latina en los años del ajuste. Caracas: Nueva Sociedad, 1999, 264 páginas. Este libro presenta una compilación de diez artículos elaborados por investigadores de Argentina, México, Colombia, Guatemala, Brasil, República Dominicana y Venezuela, producto de sus investigaciones sobre luchas y movimientos sociales en estos países. La intención del libro, según la compiladora, es tratar de llegar de manera conjunta a algunas hipótesis sobre los procesos de protesta y sus relaciones con el neoliberalismo y descubrir el modo en que los sectores más golpeados en sus expectativas y condiciones de vida por las políticas de ajuste han comenzado a demandar sus derechos.

  15. Rationales for capacity remuneration mechanisms: Security of supply externalities and asymmetric investment incentives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Keppler, Jan Horst

    2017-01-01

    Economics so far provides little conceptual guidance on capacity remuneration mechanisms (CRM) in deregulated electricity markets. Ubiquitous in real-world electricity markets, CRMs are introduced country by country in an ad hoc manner, lacking the theoretical legitimacy and the conceptual coherence enabling comparability and coordination. They are eyed with suspicion by a profession wedded to a theoretical benchmark model that argues that competitive energy-only markets with VOLL pricing provide adequate levels of capacity. While the benchmark model is a consistent starting point for discussions about electricity market design, it ignores the two market failures that make CRMs the practically appropriate and theoretically justified policy response to capacity issues. First, energy-only markets fail to internalize security-of-supply externalities as involuntary curbs on demand under scarcity pricing generate social costs beyond the private non-consumption of electricity. Second, when demand is inelastic and the potential capacity additions are discretely sized, investors face asymmetric incentives and will underinvest at the margin rather than overinvest. After presenting the key features of the theoretical benchmark model, this paper conceptualizes security of supply externalities and asymmetric investment incentives and concludes with some consideration regarding design of CRMs. - Highlights: • Capacity remuneration mechanisms are ubiquitous in real-world electricity markets. • Theory claims that energy-only markets can provide optimal capacity on their own. • However theory fails to account for two types of market failures. • Involuntary demand curbs under VOLL-pricing create security-of-supply externalities. • With inelastic demand, discretely sized capacity options lead to underinvestment.

  16. Inteligência emocional percebida (IEP ajuste emocional e actividade física na terceira idade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Manuela Lima de Figueiredo Queirós

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available O interesse deste estudo está centrado na forma como interage a inteligência emocional percebida (IEP com a prática da actividade física e que peso específi co tem cada uma das variáveis estudadas sobre o ajuste emocional das pessoas nesta faixa etária e, consequentemente, na sua qualidade de vida.

  17. ESTRATEGIAS DE AJUSTE ANTE CHOQUES HIPOTÉTICOS DE OFERTA Y DEMANDA. Resultados de una encuesta a empresas mexicanas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Sánchez-Romeu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analizan estrategias de ajuste para hacer frente a choques hipotéticos de oferta y demanda utilizadas por 1 138 empresas mexicanas encuestadas por el Banco de México en 2012. Los resultados del análisis muestran que la respuesta de las empresas ante los dos tipos de choque en general no es simétrica y que éstas reaccionan combinando estrategias (principalmente eligen reducir costos, con lo cual moderan los ajustes a precios y producción. Más competencia hace que las empresas utilicen con más intensidad las estrategias de ajuste y favorece la flexibilidad de los precios. Ante cualquier choque, los costos que más se reducen son los no laborales y los que genera el empleo temporal. Una alta competencia y un mayor porcentaje de costos laborales intensifican el traspaso de los choques al empleo; por el contrario, los acuerdos colectivos de trabajo mitigan dicho traspaso. No se observa un traspaso de los choques a las percepciones salariales, lo cual, aunado a la baja incidencia de la reducción del salario base, evidencia rigidez en los salarios nominales de las empresas entrevistadas.

  18. Aggregation and Remuneration of Electricity Consumers and Producers for the Definition of Demand-Response Programs

    OpenAIRE

    Faria, Pedro; Spinola, Joao; Vale, Zita

    2016-01-01

    The use of distributed generation and demand-response (DR) programs is needed for improving business models, namely concerning the remuneration of these resources in the context of smart grids. In this paper, a methodology is proposed in which a virtual power player aggregates several small-sized resources, including consumers participating in DR programs. The global operation costs resulting from the resource scheduling are minimized. After scheduling the resources in several operation scena...

  19. Père ou pair? Décalages et ajustements co-énonciatifs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiane Préneron

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available

    L’objet de notre analyse dialogique et co-énonciative concerne la forme prise par la relation entre un père et son fi ls au cours d’échanges verbaux. Dans cette dimension relationnelle, nous avons cherché plus particulièrement à éclairer le statut d’énonciateur que chacun octroie à lui-même et à l’autre. Les images qu’un père et un fi ls ont l’un de l’autre et les places qu’ils occupent dans le dialogue sont en partie déterminées par leur statut de père et d’enfant. Ces places ne confi gurent pas un mode relationnel homogène. Au contraire, cet extrait de corpus est frappant par la grande diversité d’attitudes adoptées par le père avec son enfant: tour à tour il lui donne des ordres, des permissions, le réconforte, joue avec lui, lui propose des défi s ou rivalise avec lui. Daniel peut entrer dans le jeu proposé par son père ou s’y opposer, se laisser guider ou refuser, mais aussi être à l’initiative par des demandes ou des jeux. C’est cette diversité que nous tentons de mettre au jour, sachant que certaines séquences se caractérisent plus particulièrement par des décalages entre les interlocuteurs, alors que d’autres conduisent à des ajustements. Si la diversité qui caractérise cet extrait ne saurait être étendue comme caractérisant toute interaction père/enfant, l’analyse qui en est faite peut servir de repère pour l’étude de nouvelles interactions parent/enfant.

  20. Técnica de suturas ajustables: Resultados Technique of adjustable sutures: Results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lourdes R. Hernández Santos

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio sensorial y motor preoperatorio y posoperatorio a 84 pacientes que acudieron a la consulta de Visión Binocular con el diagnóstico de estrabismo horizontal a partir de los 13 años de edad. El método estadístico utilizado fue "t" o Chi cuadrado. Nos trazamos como objetivo determinar los resultados posoperatorios de la cirugía de estrabismo realizada con la técnica de suturas ajustables, que fueron los siguientes: el 61 % de los pacientes con exotropía y el 71,4 % con el diagnóstico de exotropía se encontraban en ortotropía a los 6 meses de la intervención. El 71,4 % de los pacientes con esotropía y el 83,3 % con el diagnóstico de esotropía se encontraban en ortotropía al año de la intervención. Esta técnica quirúrgica permite la modificación de la desviación en el posoperatorio inmediato.A preoperative and postoperative sensorial and motor study was conducted among 84 patients who received attention at the consultation room of Binocular Vision with the diagnosis of horizontal strabismus from the age of 13 years old on. The statistical method used was "t" or chi square test. Our objective was to determine the postoperative results of the strabismus surgery performed by the technique of adjustable sutures. The results were as follows: 61 % of the patients with exotropia and 71.4 % with the diagnosis of exotropia were in orthotropia 6 months after the operation. 71.4 % of the patients with exotropia and 83.3 % with the diagnosis of exotropia were in orthotropia a year after the operation. This surgical technique allows the modification of the deviation in the immediate postoperative.

  1. The effect of physicians' remuneration system on the Caesarean section rate: the Uruguayan case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triunfo, Patricia; Rossi, Máximo

    2009-12-01

    Using data about births from the perinatal information system (PIS) registered in Montevideo (Uruguay), we estimated the probability of having a Caesarian section delivery, controlled by risk factors and the endogeneity of the choice of hospital. In public hospitals in Montevideo there is a fixed payment system, but in private hospitals this procedure has to be paid for separately. In the former, there is no effect on the doctor's income if he performs a Caesarian, but in the latter there is a positive effect. Empirical evidence shows the probability of a Caesarean section increases with the age of the woman, the presence of eclampsy, pre-eclampsy, previous hypertension, previous Caesarean sections, multiple pregnancies and fetopelvic disproportion, and decreases for multiparous women and women in a public hospital. In fact, the probability of having a Caesarean section in a private institution is almost two times higher than in a public hospital (20% as against 39%). Focusing on women without risk factors, we found that the probability a Caesarian in a public hospital was 11%, but the probability in a private hospital was 25%. We conclude that the remuneration system explains an important part of this difference.

  2. Independence and executive remuneration for supervisory board members and non-executive directors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hana Horak

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the author analyses the issues of independence and rewarding members of supervisory boards and non-executive directors in administrative boards. The question of independence was developed as one of the fundamental issues of corporative administration. Members of these organs of society should have the appropriate qualifications, specific knowledge and skills in order to reasonably and impartially weigh up social business and reach decisions in the best interests of society, its members and other interest holders. So that they can act in accordance with this, the presumption is that they are independent. Recently, after financial crises, it is precisely the independence of supervisory members, that is, non-executive directors, which is considered to be the foundation of the fight against the opportunism of administration and main shareholders. The authors analyse the Recommendations on Independence and Executive Remuneration for members of supervisory and administrative boards of the European Union, together with their implementation in Croatian law and practice.

  3. How can dairies maximize their profits and properly remunerate their dairy farmers?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Cedric Möller Meneghini

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The current pricing process of raw milk in Brazil discourages producers from improving milk composition, which affects both yield and quality of dairy products. Furthermore, small and medium-sized dairies face great difficulties when it comes to planning production. Thus, a linear programming model was developed to price the raw milk and determine the optimal mix (combination of quantities of dairy products that maximizes total contribution margin (TCM under daily scenarios of high (January and low (July raw milk supplies (summer and winter, respectively by comparing optimal solutions with actual results. The TCM of optimal and actual mixes were higher in January due to the greater availability of raw material. Packaging was a limiting factor in the production of cheese in optimal mixes. The relationship between unit contribution margin (UCM and the required amount of raw materials per product unit and resource availability is crucial to defining the mix of dairy products and TCM of the dairy. Casein and raw milk volume showed shadow prices. Under both scenarios, the calculated prices of raw milk were higher than the prices charged by the dairy and were higher in January. The proposed model remunerates the producers based on the quantity and quality of raw milk. The dairy can maximize its TCM by better planning its mix of products with the use of linear programming.

  4. Incidence of remuneration to capital on the colombian business cycle from 1980 to 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio César Chamorro Futinico

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The business cycle was one of the most important issues in the economic agendafrom the late 19th Century to the mid 20th Century. The importance of the studylay in the priority of finding the causes and duration of economic crisis, and tobe able to determine or predict how often they would happen. Currently, and with the recent financial crisis in the United States (2008 and in Colombia(1998-2009, among others, this study has gained importance once more. Thispaper presents a number of points of view on the matter and focuses on an approach that has been given very little consideration: Michal Kalecki’s theory,which provides a basis for analyzing the Colombian business cycle from 1980to 2005, and thus compare the model estimated through the Three-Stage LeastSquares (3SLS method with the behavior of the remuneration to capital during the same period. Based on this, a close relation is found between the latter, the decision to invest and, therefore, the declining phase of the business cycle.

  5. Inteligencia emocional y ajuste psicosocial en la adolescencia: El papel de la percepción emocional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José M. Salguero

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La inteligencia emocional (IE, definida como la habilidad para percibir, usar, comprender y regular las emociones, se ha mostrado como una variable importante a la hora de explicar el ajuste psicosocial de las personas. Pese a ello, la mayor parte de la investigación en torno a la IE ha sido realizada con muestras de población adulta y son escasos los trabajos que, utilizando medidas de ejecución, exploren su papel en la adolescencia. El objetivo del presente estudio fue el de analizar la influencia de la percepción emocional, una de las habilidades recogidas dentro de la IE, sobre el ajuste personal y social de una muestra de adolescentes españoles. Un total de 255 alumnos completaron una tarea de ejecución diseñada para evaluar la percepción emocional en la adolescencia así como diferentes medidas de ajuste social y personal. Los resultados de los análisis de correlación y regresión mostraron cómo los adolescentes con una mayor habilidad para reconocer los estados emocionales de los demás informaron de mejores relaciones sociales con iguales y padres, menor tensión en sus relaciones sociales, así como de un mayor nivel de confianza y competencia percibida. Además, estos resultados se mantuvieron tras controlar los efectos de la edad, el sexo y la personalidad. Se discuten los resultados en el contexto de la investigación sobre la inteligencia emocional y se proponen implicaciones prácticas para el diseño de programas de prevención y tratamiento

  6. Intellectual capital performance and cash-based incentive payments for executive directors: Impact of remuneration committee and corporate governance features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J-L. W. Mitchell Van der Zahn

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available We use a sample of 964 executive directors representing 354 Singapore publicly listed firms to examine linkage between firm performance and cash-based bonus payments. As a pooled OLS regression model may hide different models that characterize subsets of observations we use latent class analysis to further examine the data and to identify more specifically the influence of corporate governance features. Our latent class analysis results indicate that remuneration committees with members having their interests better aligned with shareholders (such as presence of a significant owner appear more likely to consider the incremental value of tying executive director compensation to intellectual capital performance. Remuneration committees with a lower risk of influence from managerial power were also found to be more likely to support a compensation linkage for executive directors to intellectual capital performance. The influence of the remuneration committee features is evident for both entrepreneurial and traditional firms. Overall, our findings are consistent with both the optimal-contract pricing and managerial power views of executive compensation setting.

  7. Os benefícios da hipoterapia nos ajustes posturais em crianças portadoras de paralisia cerebral

    OpenAIRE

    Daniela Carrogi Vianna; Maria Elisabete Salina Saldanha; Leide Masieiro Taques Moeckel Amaral

    2017-01-01

    Paralisia Cerebral é uma afecção encefálica que ocorre na fase maturacional, apresentando seqüelas variáveis, envolvendo desordens de postura e movimentos. Examinaram-se alterações posturais de pacientes portadores de Paralisia Cerebral durante e após a realização de Hipoterapia, observando ajustes posturais. Participaram oito crianças, entre 6 e 12 anos, com tetraparesia espástica, apresentando déficics das reações básicas de endireitamento, proteção e equilíbrio. Utilizou-se a Hipoterapia c...

  8. Ajuste psicosocial y vivencia de la adopción en niños/as adoptados/as internacionalmente

    OpenAIRE

    Reinoso Bernuz, Marta

    2013-01-01

    [esp] La adopción internacional ha adquirido en España unas muy notables dimensiones y el desarrollo y la adaptación de estos niños se ha convertido en un asunto de gran importancia. La presente tesis doctoral pretende contribuir al conocimiento en esta área y tiene por objetivo analizar el nivel de ajuste psicosocial, la vivencia de la adopción y el afrontamiento del estrés en la mediana infancia (8-12 años) de los niños adoptados internacionalmente en nuestro país. Esta tesis se con...

  9. COMPARACIÓN DE HABILIDADES SOCIALES Y AJUSTE PSICOLÓGICO EN NIÑOS MEXICANOS DE TRES CONDICIONES

    OpenAIRE

    Claudia González Fragoso; Amada Ampudia Rueda; Yolanda Guevara Benítez

    2014-01-01

    Las habilidades sociales en la infancia guardan una estrech a relación con aspectos como autoestima, ansiedad y depresión. Tales variables son indicadoras del ajuste psicológico, que puede alterarse en los niños que son víctimas de violencia o que viven en institucion es. Para contar con datos sobre niños mexicanos, el presente estudio exploratorio evaluó y comparó los niveles mostrados en habilidades sociales, autoestima, ansiedad y depresión en tres grupos de niños que se hallaban en cond...

  10. Consumo de sustancias durante la adolescencia:trayectorias evolutivas y consecuencias para el ajuste psicológico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Oliva

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio ha perseguido dos objetivos fundamentales: encontrar diferentes trayectorias en el consumo de sustancias a lo largo de la adolescencia y analizar las consecuencias que este consumo en la adolescencia temprana y media tiene para el ajuste emocional y comportamental al final de la adolescencia. El estudio, con un diseño descriptivo longitudinal mediante cuestionarios, se llevó a cabo sobre una muestra de 101 adolescentes (63 varones y 38 mujeres que fueron estudiados en 3 ocasiones: a los 13, 15 y 18 años de edad. Los resultados mostraron tres grupos de adolescentes en función de las trayectorias seguidas por su consumo de sustancias: consumo bajo, consumo ascendente y experimentación precoz. La comparación entre estos tres grupos indicó un mejor ajuste psicológico en la adolescencia tardía entre los varones y mujeres del grupo de experimentadores, mientras que los problemas de conducta fueron más frecuentes entre los incluidos en el grupo de consumo ascendente. Por otra parte, los análisis de regresión señalaron que el consumo moderado de sustancias en la adolescencia temprana estaba relacionado con una autoestima más alta y con menos problemas emocionales al final de la adolescencia, pero no con más problemas externos.

  11. ALTAS HABILIDADES/SUPERDOTAÇÃO: um olhar para o desenvolvimento cognitivo, ajuste emocional e seus impactos na vida profissional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Padrón Abad

    2016-12-01

    El objetivo del presente artículo es analizar los factores de desarrollo cognitivo, ajuste emocional del individuo AH/SD y sus impactos en la vida profesional y laboral. La metodología empleada está basada en una investigación bibliográfica, exploratoria y descriptiva realizada a partir de referencias teóricas, referentes al tema, previamente analizadas y publicadas. En este sentido, se iniciará considerando los factores que facilitan el ajuste emocional de individuos AH/SD (familiares, escolares, laborales e interpersonales. Posteriormente, se analizará la pregunta: ¿por qué existen personas que a pesar de vivir en situaciones sociales y económicas desfavorables pueden desarrollar sus AH/SD y ser profesionales de éxito, mientras otros, con todas las oportunidades en la vida no llegan al éxito profesional ni contribuyen efectivamente con la sociedad? Con la intención de responder esa pregunta se estudiarán: el concepto de resiliencia, la Teoría de la Evaluación Cognitiva de Lazarus y la Teoría de la Desintegración Positiva de Dabrowski. De esta manera, se concluye la importancia de aplicar de manera efectiva los modelos teóricos ya propuestos, de modo comprensivo y explicativo, de las AH/SD acerca de los aspectos del desarrollo cognitivo y emocional de los individuos.

  12. Os benefícios da hipoterapia nos ajustes posturais em crianças portadoras de paralisia cerebral

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    Daniela Carrogi Vianna

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Paralisia Cerebral é uma afecção encefálica que ocorre na fase maturacional, apresentando seqüelas variáveis, envolvendo desordens de postura e movimentos. Examinaram-se alterações posturais de pacientes portadores de Paralisia Cerebral durante e após a realização de Hipoterapia, observando ajustes posturais. Participaram oito crianças, entre 6 e 12 anos, com tetraparesia espástica, apresentando déficics das reações básicas de endireitamento, proteção e equilíbrio. Utilizou-se a Hipoterapia como terapêutica complementar, exigindo respostas posturais automáticas. As crianças foram submetidas a duas sessões semanais, durante doze meses. Constatou-se melhora das variáveis estudadas, concluindo-se que a Hipoterapia auxilia na ativação dos ajustes posturais em crianças com Paralisia Cerebral.

  13. Historia Funcional de Morfologías Lingüísticas y su Efecto en un Ajuste Convencional

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    Nataly Yáñez Ramírez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Se observó si diferentes historias funcionales construidas durante la adquisición de un conjunto de morfologías lingüísticas facilitaban un ajuste convencional. Participaron 24 estudiantes universitarios distribuidos en tres grupos, expuestos a entrenamientos construidos bajo la lógica de diferentes niveles de interacción: contextual, suplementario o selector (Ribes y López, 1985; y posteriormente se evaluó su ejecución en una tarea convencional. El entrenamiento cuyo criterio de ajuste era de tipo selector fue la que más facilitó tanto la adquisición de las morfologías lingüísticas como su uso en la tarea, efecto que pareció más evidente en los hablantes que en los escuchas. No se encontraron diferencias entre los entrenamientos contextual y suplementario. Los resultados se discuten en términos de sus implicaciones teóricas y metodológicas.

  14. The electricity generation adequacy problem: Assessing dynamic effects of capacity remuneration mechanisms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hary, Nicolas; Rious, Vincent; Saguan, Marcelo

    2016-01-01

    Following liberalization reforms, the ability of power markets to provide satisfactory incentives for capacity investments has become a major concern. In particular, current energy markets can exhibit a phenomenon of investment cycles, which generate phases of under and over-capacity, and hence additional costs and risks for generation adequacy. To cope with these issues, new mechanisms, called capacity remuneration mechanisms (CRM), have been (or will be) implemented. This paper assesses the dynamic effects of two CRMs, the capacity market and the strategic reserve mechanism, and studies to what extent they can reduce the investment cycles. Generation costs and shortage costs of both mechanisms are also compared to conclude on their effectivity and economic efficiency. A simulation model, based on system dynamics, is developed to study the functioning of both CRMs and the related investment decisions. The results highlight the benefits of deploying CRMs to solve the adequacy issue: shortages are strongly reduced compared to an energy-only market. Besides, the capacity market appears to be more beneficial, since it experiences fewer shortages and generation costs are lower. These comparisons can be used by policy makers (in particular in Europe, where these two CRMs are mainly debated) to determine which CRM to adopt. - Highlights: •A study of the dynamic effects of CRMs on generation investments is provided. •Capacity market and strategic reserve mechanism are compared. •Both CRMs reduce the cyclical tendencies prone to appear in energy-only market. •The capacity market experiences fewer shortages and generation costs are lower.

  15. Gender-based discrimination in South Africa: A quantitative analysis of fairness of remuneration

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    Renier Steyn

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Equity is important to most individuals and its perceived absence  may impact negatively on individual and organisational performance. The concept of equity presupposes fair treatment, while discrimination implies unfair treatment. The perceptions of discrimination, or being treated unfairly, may result from psycho-social processes, or from data that justifies discrimination and is quantifiable. Objectives: To assess whether differences in post grading and remuneration for males and females are based on gender, rather than on quantifiable variables that could justify these differences. Method: Biographical information was gathered from 1740 employees representing 29 organisations. The data collected included self-reported post grading (dependent variable and 14 independent variables, which may predict the employees’ post gradings. The independent variables related primarily to education, tenure and family responsibility. Results: Males reported higher post gradings and higher salaries than those of females, but the difference was not statistically significant and the practical significance of this difference was slight. Qualification types, job specific training, and membership of professional bodies did not affect post grading along gender lines. The ways in which work experience was measured had no influence on post grading or salary for either males or females. Furthermore, family responsibility, union membership and the type of work the employees performed did not influence the employees’ post grading. The only difference found concerned the unfair treatment of males, particularly those who were well-qualified.   Conclusions: Objective evidence of unfair gender-based discrimination affecting post grading and salary is scarce, and the few differences that do occur have little statistical and practical significance. Perceptions of being discriminated against may therefore more often be seen as the result of psycho-social processes and

  16. El ajuste estratégico: las relaciones entre la estrategia competitiva, la estrategia de recursos humanos y la estrategia de producción

    OpenAIRE

    González Sánchez, Daniel

    2017-01-01

    [ES] Este trabajo se centra en el estudio del ajuste estratégico que se produce en la empresa entre distintos niveles de estrategia y entre diferentes funciones de la misma. En concreto, analizamos el ajuste entre la estrategia competitiva, la estrategia de recursos humanos y la estrategia de producción, prestando especial atención al área de recursos humanos. Para ello concebimos la estrategia competitiva de acuerdo al paradigma propuesto por Porter (1980), nos basamos en la teoría de la ...

  17. Análisis de los factores de ajuste por utilización de carril en intersecciones semaforizadas de bogotá d. c.

    OpenAIRE

    Peña Lindarte, Ricardo José

    2010-01-01

    Este artículo está basado en el planteamiento metodológico desarrollado en el Manual de Capacidad de Carreteras de Estados Unidos (HCM - Highway Capacity Manual), de la Transportation Research Board (TRB), para el análisis de capacidad y niveles de servicio en intersecciones semaforizadas, asociado al factor de ajuste por utilización de carril (fLU), que corresponde a uno de los once factores de ajuste propuestos en la metodología de cálculo, en el módulo de intensidades de saturación. La est...

  18. Comércio intra-industrial e custos de ajuste para a indústria do Valle del Cauca (1975-2014)

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández García, Edwin Arbey; Universidad del Valle; Raffo López, Leonardo; Universidad del Valle

    2016-01-01

    RESUMEN El objetivo del artículo es analizar los costos de ajuste para la industria vallecaucana durante el período 1975-2014, considerando el patrón de comercio exterior del Departamento. Para ello, se calcula el índice de Brülhart para analizar el comercio intra-industrial marginal. También se examina la naturaleza vertical y horizontal del comercio intra-industrial, y su relación con los costos de ajuste en la industria del Departamento. Como principal resultado, se obtiene que las relacio...

  19. O ajuste urbano: as políticas do Banco Mundial e do BID para as cidades

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    Pedro Fiori Arantes

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Ao ajuste estrutural que se seguiu à crise da dívida no Terceiro Mundo, no início dos anos 80 - e ainda persiste como um ajuste permanente -, parece ter ocorrido um correspondente" ajuste urbano". Em ambos os casos, o Banco Mundial e, na América Latina, o BID, tiveram ação decisiva, em parceria com as elites e tecnocracias locais. As estratégias de ação dessas duas instituições financeiras, apesar de sua forte interferência nas políticas públicas dos países em desenvolvimento, constituem um tema novo e ainda pouco abordado pela pesquisa acadêmica. Em nosso caso, o objetivo foi desvendar o modelo de cidade que tem sido por elas defendido e qual seu significado. Na dissertação que realizei pela FAUUSP, constatei que os empréstimos do Banco Mundial e do BID - que aparecem aos gestores públicos como" tábuas de salvação" em tempos de crise -, não são" neutros" e carregam consigo uma agenda afirmativa: pretendem modelar um determinado padrão de uso do recurso público e de organização do Estado. As duas instituições difundem políticas públicas que seguem critérios empresariais de rentabilidade e um modelo de gestão estatal terceirizada, à mercê de um corpo técnico privado - formado por gerenciadoras de projeto, fundações privadas, ONGs e inúmeros consultores. Seu objetivo é transformar uma parcela dos governos locais nos países em desenvolvimento, especialmente os que administram os territórios que dão suporte aos negócios transnacionais, em estruturas administrativas treinadas para responder aos grandes interesses privados, ao mesmo tempo em que se desembaraçam de qualquer compromisso com a democracia real.

  20. New remuneration models for electricity supply from autoproducers: Cost-orientated, including capacity charge, on a private-enterprise basis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zybell, G.

    1995-01-01

    Co-operation between industrial autoproducers and the public utilities has a long tradition in Germany. This is particularly the case in combined heat and power generation. In 1993 electricity supplied by third parties contributed with approximately 14% to electricity demand coverage. This is (as in Italy) the next highest proportion in the EU. In 1994 the industry's associations -BDI, VIK and VDEW - agreed upon new remuneration models for electricity supplied by combined heat and power stations and plants on the basis of renewable energies. Additionally, principles agreed upon in 1979 were further developed. (orig.) [de

  1. THE LEGAL NATURE OF THE REMUNERATION TO THE GUARDIAN OF THE ADULT INCAPACITATED CITIZENS

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    Marina Sedelnikova

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available УДК 347.163The main purposes of present article are the research of regulatory framework of establishment of repayment for tutors of emancipated incapable persons and legal practice of set-tlement of disputes in abovementioned sphere. Accumulation of methods of scientific cog-nition is a methodological outline of present research, the main methods are system-defined, technic and comparative ones.Based on deep analysis of federal and regional provisions of legislation maintained terms and conditions of payments of repayment for tutors of emancipated incapable persons the social and interim nature of aforementioned payments is concluded. Current state law actually allows to conclude that the state care for the socially vulnerable categories of the citizens, including the elderly and disabled citizens, with limited material resources, encourages the legislator to seek new alternative ways of its implementation. To those should be referred "social outsourcing", that is, privatization of "unprofitable" social services in order to optimize the budgetary resources. Meanwhile, the reduction of costs for the implemen-tation of the social functions of the state should not take place to the detriment of the content component.In the scientific literature there is no unanimity of views on the legal nature of the payments made by the trustees for the performance of such duties. Comparison of remuneration of trustees with a monthly payment for child care until the age of 1.5 years to achieve it possible to identify common objectives of establishing these payments, as well as the identity of their social and interim nature. Confirmation designated theses is to analyze the provisions of the legislation of the Russian Federation, in which the caregiver award is regarded as one of the ways to sequence the elimination of in-patient care and social services at home, which also contribute to the strengthening of social protection of this category of citizens

  2. Funding and remuneration of interdisciplinary primary care teams in Canada: a conceptual framework and application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wranik, W Dominika; Haydt, Susan M; Katz, Alan; Levy, Adrian R; Korchagina, Maryna; Edwards, Jeanette M; Bower, Ian

    2017-05-15

    Reliance on interdisciplinary teams in the delivery of primary care is on the rise. Funding bodies strive to design financial environments that support collaboration between providers. At present, the design of financial arrangements has been fragmented and not based on evidence. The root of the problem is a lack of systematic evidence demonstrating the superiority of any particular financial arrangement, or a solid understanding of options. In this study we develop a framework for the conceptualization and analysis of financial arrangements in interdisciplinary primary care teams. We use qualitative data from three sources: (i) interviews with 19 primary care decision makers representing 215 clinics in three Canadian provinces, (ii) a research roundtable with 14 primary care decision makers and/or researchers, and (iii) policy documents. Transcripts from interviews and the roundtable were coded thematically and a framework synthesis approach was applied. Our conceptual framework differentiates between team level funding and provider level remuneration, and characterizes the interplay and consonance between them. Particularly the notions of hierarchy, segregation, and dependence of provider incomes, and the link between funding and team activities are introduced as new clarifying concepts, and their implications explored. The framework is applied to the analysis of collaboration incentives, which appear strongest when provider incomes are interdependent, funding is linked to the team as a whole, and accountability does not have multiple lines. Emergent implementation issues discussed by respondents include: (i) centrality of budget negotiations; (ii) approaches to patient rostering; (iii) unclear funding sources for space and equipment; and (iv) challenges with community engagement. The creation of patient rosters is perceived as a surprisingly contentious issue, and the challenges of funding for space and equipment remain unresolved. The development and

  3. Les particules illocutoires, variable d’ajustement de la traduction sous-titrante au cinéma

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    Ève Vayssière

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Die illokutiven Partikel fungieren als Anpassungsvariable, die beim Übersetzungsakt zur Untertitelung von Filmen entweder weggelassen werden oder erscheinen. Wenn sie einfach gelöscht werden, ergeben sich weder grammatikalische Störungen noch Informationsverlust. Das Auftauchen dieser Partikel in den deutschen Untertiteln zeigt jedoch, wie wichtig sie sind: Als Partikel der Oralität tragen sie zur Idiomatizität bei.Les particules illocutoires sont des variables d’ajustement lors de l’acte de traduction sous-titrante au cinéma, elles peuvent être supprimées sans que cela occasionne de dysfonctionnement grammatical et elles disparaissent lors de la traduction en français sans que cela occasionne une perte d’informations. Leur apparition dans les sous-titres allemands montre néanmoins leur importance : particules de l’oralité, elles sont vecteur d’« idiomaticité ».

  4. [Comparison of quality of life of patients treated for SUI by surgical approaches AJUST and TVT-O - a 3-month results from randomized trial].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smažinka, M; Švabík, K; Hubka, P; Haddad El, R; Mašata, J

    2015-06-01

    The aim of this study is to compare quality of life in 3-month follow-up after the use of transobturator tape TVT-O and single incision tape AJUST in the treatment of urodynamic stress urinary incontinence (USI). Randomized trial. Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika LF UK a FN Plzeň, Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika 1. LF UK a VFN Praha. Between May 2010 and May 2012 100 women with proven urodynamic stress urinary incontinence were included in this randomized trial. These patients were randomly chosen and devided into two group: 50 patients for TVT-O procedure and 50 patients for AJUST procedure. All of the patients underwent a complete urogynecological examination prior to the actual procedure (clinical examination, urodynamic examination, ultrasound examination) and filled in ICIQ-SF and iQol questionnaires. After the surgery, the patients satisfaction was evaluated by visual analoque scale (VAS) and Likert scale and by ICIQ-SF and iQol questionnaires. The intensity and length of postoperative pain was monitored using the visual analogue scale. The patients underwent an examination after 3 months. In both groups of participants no significant differences regarding age, BMI, parity, history of surgery for gynecological disorders, were found. Preoperative urodynamic, ICIQ-SF and iQol parameters were also not significantly different. In the 3-month follow-up 48 participants from TVT-O group and 50 participants from the AJUST group were monitored. No statistically significant differences in subjective and objective parameters were found. Subjectively stress incontinence was not present in 97.9% in the TVT-O and 96.0% in the group AJUST. Objectively stress test was negative in 93.8% in the TVT-O and 94% in group AJUST. By evaluating the ICIQ and iQol were found no statistical differences in the quality of life in both operating groups. At 3-months follow up we did not find any statistical difference between subjective and objective outcome for single incision tape

  5. Director remuneration, corporate governance and performance: A comparison between government linked companies vs non government linked companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazrul Hisyam Ab Razak

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This study has examined the relationship between director’s remuneration, corporate governance structure and performance of a sample of 150 companies listed on the Bursa Malaysia from year 2008 until 2013. The sample was selected to provide matched-pair of government linked companies (GLCs and non-government linked companies (non-GLCs, as it was anticipated that these group would have different governance structure, the key difference being government ownership. The result holds even when we control for company specific characteristic such as corporate governance, company size, leverage, director’s remuneration, board size and auditors. This study uses panel based regression model to examine the impact of government control mechanism on company performance using two important measurers. These are accounting based measure proxies by ROA and non-accounting based measures by Tobin’s Q. Statistically significant relationships were found across the groupings and for different performance measures. Findings appear to suggest that there is a significant impact of government ownership on company performance after controlling for company specific characteristics.

  6. [System-immanent incentives in the remuneration for psychiatry and psychosomatics : Analysis exemplified by treatment of alcohol-related disorders].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horter, H; Zapp, W; Driessen, M

    2016-07-01

    The German fixed rate remuneration system in psychiatry and psychosomatics (PEPP) has been criticized by many specialty associations because negative effects on mental healthcare are expected through economic incentives. Through analysis of performance data in the treatment of alcohol dependency at the Evangelical Hospital Bielefeld (Evangelisches Krankenhaus Bielefeld, EvKB) from 2014 and various simulations, the incentives of the PEPP (version 2015) were analyzed and its potential impact on patient care was evaluated. Groups of cases were created based on the clinical data. Various parameters were evaluated, such as duration of treatment, PEPP coding, loss of income by merging cases and case remuneration. Additionally, changes in the duration of treatment, the intensity of treatment and the intensity of care were simulated. In the simulations a reduction in the duration of treatment by 16.1 % led to additional revenues of 1.9 % per treatment day. The calculated additional costs of 1:1 care and intensive nursing care were not completely covered by the additional revenues, whereas psychotherapeutic inpatient treatment programs showed positive profit contributions. Complicated cases with increased merging of cases showed lower revenues but with above average expenditure of efforts. The current version of the PEPP leads to misdirected incentives in patient care. This is caused, for example, by the fact that higher profit contributions can be realized in some patient groups and intensive nursing care of patients is insufficiently represented. It is not clear whether these incentives will persist or can be compensated in subsequent versions of the system.

  7. REMUNERATION FOR THE AUTHOR FOR THE CREATION AND USE OF THE SERVICE RESULT OF INTELLECTUAL ACTIVITY: HISTORIC AND PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatyana Aleksandrovna Vilmova

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available In the civil legislation in the field of regulation of legal relations between the author-worker and the employer concerning the creation and use of the service results of intellectual activity (RIA, there are a number of unresolved issues. One of them concerns the size, the procedure for determining and paying remuneration to the author of the work. Despite the availability to date of a sufficient number of legal and by-laws (which refer to each other, but do not provide answers to the questions posed, the question of the legal nature of remuneration remains unresolved, as a material benefit paid to the author. As a result, employers or third parties often abuse legislative gaps in order to obtain an object of creative work without payment to the employee for the fairness of the due goods. After the creation of the official RIA, the question arises of the payment or non-payment of remuneration to the employee. After all, it will be profitable for the employer to recognize an object created by a thoughtful way, performed by an employee in the framework of a labor activity or a specific job of the employer. At what, such task should not go beyond the scope of the job description. As compensation, as a rule, will be small. And what if the object is created outside the scope of the labor function? What will be the fair and lawful amount of remuneration? Therefore, it is precisely such concepts as «labor duty» and «specific task of the employer» that become a stumbling block in practice. And when solving the questions posed, the authors often begin to search for answers from the philosophical origins of the origin of remuneration for creative work, using methods of comparative analysis, historical legal methods and even the philosophical teachings of ancient thinkers. Let’s demonstrate this on this topic. The purpose of the scientific article is to solve the problem when collecting the author’s performance results of intellectual activity

  8. Cirurgia de estrabismo ajustável no peroperatório com anestesia tópica em pacientes com orbitopatia de Graves Intraoperative adjustable strabismus surgery under drop anesthesia in patients with Graves' orbitopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Grativol Costa

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever as características clínicas pré-operatórias dos pacientes com estrabismo secundário à orbitopatia de Graves e os resultados da cirurgia com anestesia tópica e sutura ajustável. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo realizado no Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade de São Paulo. Foram pesquisados os prontuários de todos os pacientes atendidos no ambulatório de estrabismo no período de março de 1994 a maio de 2004. Destes, foram separados aqueles com estrabismo associado à orbitopatia de Graves submetidos à cirurgia ajustável com anestesia tópica. As características clínicas pré-operatórias e os resultados cirúrgicos foram levantados a partir desta análise. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 13 pacientes. O tipo de desvio mais freqüentemente encontrado foi esotropia com hipotropia. Em 9 pacientes modificou-se o retrocesso programado no pré-operatório. Três casos necessitaram de uma segunda cirurgia. Após 6 meses de seguimento, 8 dos 13 pacientes estavam ortotrópicos ou com foria pequena e com algum grau de estereopsia. CONCLUSÃO: Neste estudo observou-se que 62% (8/13 dos pacientes apresentavam hipotropia com esotropia, provavelmente por causa do comprometimento associado do reto inferior e reto medial. Nove dos 13 pacientes necessitaram de ajuste no peroperatório e apenas 3 foram reoperados, indicando a importância da técnica ajustável para melhor alinhamento ocular no pós-operatório, possibilitando obter resultados mais satisfatórios.PURPOSE: To report the clinical features of strabismus associated with Graves' orbitopathy, and the results of surgery with adjustable suture under drop anesthesia. METHODS: The charts of 13 patients who had surgical treatment for strabismus related to Graves' orbitopathy at Hospital das Clínicas of University of São Paulo were retrospectively reviewed. Ocular motility, sensorial examination and the follow-up after strabismus correction were studied. RESULTS

  9. Ajustement de la courbe de lactation de la chèvre locale dans les zones arides Tunisiennes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilyes Mekki

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Les performances laitières de la chèvre locale dans les zones arides tunisiennes dépendent des capacités génétiques de l’effet des conditions du milieu et du mode de conduite des troupeaux. L’objectif de cette étude est d’analyser les performances laitières de la chèvre locale en fonction de ces facteurs à travers l’ajustement de la courbe de lactation. De telles connaissances sont indispensables pour planifier la gestion raisonnable de cette ressource animale rustique dans des conditions naturelles difficiles. Les données utilisées pour cette étude sont issues de 10 campagnes de contrôle laitier réalisé au niveau d’un troupeau caprin expérimental conduit dans les régions arides. Suite à l’élaboration des données, l’application des procédures de régression non linéaire a identifié le modèle de Wood comme le plus adaptée pour l’ajustement de la courbe de lactation de la chèvre locale. Ce modèle a été appliqué pour estimer les paramètres de la lactation individuelle et l’étude des facteurs de variation. Les résultats d’ajustements des données montrent que la lactation de la chèvre locale évolue après la mise bas selon une trajectoire assez aplatie. Les performances de la chèvre locale sont assez réduites et similaires à celles observées pour des populations élevées dans des zones difficiles tunisiennes de point de vue climatique et pastorale. La moyenne de production initiale observée est de 720 g/j, le pic de lactation est observé au 17ème jour lorsqu’une chèvre produit en moyenne 980g/j. La réduction des potentialités laitières de la chèvre locale illustre les effets du processus de sélection naturelle qui a favorisé l’adaptation aux conditions difficiles des régions arides. Les résultats contribuent à la caractérisation de la chèvre locale et à la planification de son amélioration comme étant une ressource génétique locale et rustique.

  10. Ajuste oclusal na Ortodontia: por que, quando e como? Occlusal adjustment in Orthodontics: why, when and how?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Carlos Bodart Brandão

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: o conhecimento sobre oclusão dentária deve ser considerado condição fundamental para a prática de uma Ortodontia de qualidade. O diagnóstico feito sem a manipulação do paciente em Relação Cêntrica pode levar à surpresa desagradável de se planejar o tratamento de uma má oclusão e se deparar com outra, depois dos primeiros arcos de nivelamento. Ao usar arcos retangulares, é importante a checagem dos contatos oclusais para se definir o tipo de movimento dentário necessário para o alcance do equilíbrio oclusal e, principalmente, verificar se este movimento é exeqüível. Durante o tratamento ortodôntico, devido à complexidade das superfícies oclusais, o ajuste oclusal por desgaste deve ser realizado para viabilizar movimentos dentários verticais, reduzindo o tempo de tratamento. Interferências oclusais são responsáveis tanto por efeitos adversos na biomecânica, quanto por aplicação de forças excessivas, que podem causar reabsorções radiculares. Após a Ortodontia, o ajuste oclusal é um dos determinantes da estabilização dentária, devendo-se obter, para cada dente posterior, contatos oclusais "A" e "B", ou "B" e "C" no sentido vestibulolingual, além dos contatos de "parada" e "equilíbrio" no sentido mesiodistal. Os dentes anteriores passam a funcionar em movimentos mandibulares, desocluindo de imediato os dentes posteriores, o que é denominado de guia anterior, visando equilíbrio muscular e proteção do sistema estomatognático. O desgaste seletivo não deve ser utilizado como substituto da movimentação ortodôntica. OBJETIVO: apresentar os princípios relacionados ao ajuste oclusal em Ortodontia.INTRODUCTION: The knowledge of dental occlusion should be considered the basic foundation to an excellent orthodontic practice. The patient’s diagnose without the centric relation assessment can take the orthodontist to an unpleasant surprises. The use of rectangular archwires requires occlusal

  11. Efectividad del ajuste oclusal en pacientes de alta de ortodoncia Effectiveness of occlusal adjustment in patients with orthodontic discharge

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    Amitis Ruiseco Palomares

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available El tratamiento ortodóncico tiene como objetivo llegar a un punto óptimo oclusal, estético y funcional. Con frecuencia son introducidas interferencias que a largo plazo pueden provocar disturbios del sistema estomatognático; una técnica de ajuste oclusal puede ser útil para estabilizar la función y garantizar la salud de este. Se seleccionó una muestra constituida por 14 pacientes con más de 6 meses de alta ortodóncica, diagnosticados con interferencias oclusales en una investigación previa. A cada uno de ellos se les realizó un ajuste oclusal por tallado selectivo, y pasados 6 meses, se procedió a la evaluación de la oclusión para la detección de posibles interferencias, analizándolas durante los diferentes movimientos mandibulares, tanto en las áreas de trabajo como de no trabajo, así como por grupos dentarios. Para ello se les realizó el análisis funcional de la oclusión en boca, completándose el estudio con el montaje de los modelos en el articulador semiajustable Dentatus ARL mediante el uso del arco facial. El estudio reveló que a la mayoría de los pacientes se les reestableció una oclusión funcional, lo que demuestra la efectividad del tratamiento, que el mayor porcentaje de interferencias después del ajuste fueron en el área de no trabajo y durante los movimientos de lateralidad, además de que el grupo molar fue el de mayor cantidad de interferencias, tanto antes como después del tratamiento oclusal.The orthodontic treatment is aimed at reaching an occlusal, aesthetic, and functional optimal point. The frequently introduced interferences may cause disorders of the stomathognatic system, and an occlusal adjustment technique may be useful to stabilize the function and to gurantee its health. A sample of 14 patients with more than 6 months of orthodontic discharge that were diagnosed occlusal interferences in a previous research was selected. Each of them underwent occlusal adjustment by selective grinding, and

  12. Cronograma de amostragem de alface cultivada em hidroponia para ajuste de curvas de crescimento vegetativo Sampling chronology of hydroponics lettuce plants for adjusting vegetative growth curves

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    Sidinei José Lopes

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar o cronograma de amostragem de plantas de alface hidropônica, para ajuste de curvas de crescimento durante o período vegetativo. Foram realizados dois cultivos de alface, variedade Regina, de 8/9/2004 a 19/11/2004 (primavera/verão e 22/2/2005 a 24/5/2005 (verão/outono, em estufas de plástico do Dep. de Fitotecnia, da UFSM, Santa Maria, RS. A partir do ajuste do modelo co-seno com amostragem diária, registrada como padrão, diferentes intervalos entre as amostragens foram simulados para o ajuste do mesmo modelo. A fim de se encontrar o intervalo adequado, foi comparada a variância de falta de ajuste do modelo de amostragem diária com as variâncias de falta de ajuste dos modelos com diferentes intervalos de amostragens pelo teste F. Os cronogramas de amostragens para ajuste de curvas de crescimento de plantas de alface sob hidroponia, para experimentos de primavera/verão e verão/outono, possuem intervalos iguais a dois dias, para fitomassa seca total da planta e da folha; intervalos de quatro dias, para fitomassa de raiz; e, diariamente, para área foliar.The objective of this work was to determinate a sampling chronology to adjust lettuce hidroponic growth curves during its vegetative development. The variety Regina was grown from September 8, 2004 until November 19, 2004 (spring/summer and February 22, 2005 until May 24, 2005 (summer/fall. Plants were placed inside a plastic covered greenhouse in Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. Based on the adjusted cosine model, daily samples were taken as standard and different sampling intervals were simulated in order to better adjust the same model. To estimate de adequate sampling interval a comparison was conducted between the variance of lack of adjustment of the daily sampling with the variance of lack of adjustment of different samplings intervals using an F test. Sampling chronograms for adjusting crop growth curves of hydroponics lettuce plants for both

  13. 26 CFR 31.3401(a)(11)-1 - Remuneration other than in cash for service not in the course of employer's trade or business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION... Tax at Source § 31.3401(a)(11)-1 Remuneration other than in cash for service not in the course of... other than cash, such as lodging, food, or other goods or commodities, for services not in the course of...

  14. The Applied Scientific Foundations and Instrumentarium for Implementation of New Approaches to the Designing a Single Tariff Grid for Remuneration of Employees in the Budget Sphere

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    Tsymbaliuk Svitlana O.

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The publication is aimed at developing the applied scientific foundations and instrumentarium for implementation of the new tariff terms in the practice of remuneration of employees in the budget sphere. On the basis of the identified problems of remuneration policy in the budgetary sphere, directions of its reform have been outlined. The importance of improving the tariff terms of remuneration together with developing new approaches to the designing a single tariff grid has been substantiated. The scientific-methodical recommendations on how to assess the complexity of tasks and responsibilities and to categorize them by the wage groups have been provided. It has been suggested that the complexity of tasks and responsibilities should be assessed using the points-factor evaluation method, which is applied in projecting the main wages, making use of grades. The factors for assessing the complexity of tasks and responsibilities according to different positions and jobs in the education sphere, science sphere, and science and technology sphere have been defined, the descriptive levels for certain factors have been developed. The assignment of posts and jobs to the qualifying groups upon the results of an assessment of the complexity of tasks and responsibilities has been determined. It has been concluded that use of the elaborated scientific-methodical recommendations would ensure decent remuneration, objective differentiation, transparency, and individualization of wages.

  15. 26 CFR 31.3401(a)(8)(B)-1 - Remuneration for services performed in possession of the United States (other than Puerto Rico...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE Collection of Income Tax at Source § 31.3401(a)(8)(B)-1 Remuneration for services... based upon any evidence reasonably sufficient to induce such belief, even though such evidence may be...

  16. 26 CFR 31.3401(a)(10)-1 - Remuneration for services in delivery or distribution of newspapers, shopping news, or magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... distribution of newspapers, shopping news, or magazines. 31.3401(a)(10)-1 Section 31.3401(a)(10)-1 Internal..., shopping news, or magazines. (a) Services of individuals under age 18. Remuneration for services performed... services performed by an employee in, and at the time of, the sale of newspapers or magazines to ultimate...

  17. Remuneration for non-interventional studies – results of a survey in the pharmaceutical industry in Germany

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    Thorsten Ruppert

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available In 2007 the Association of Research-Based Pharmaceutical Companies (vfa published recommendations to improve the quality and transparency of non-interventional studies. These recommendations include quality assurance measures, in particular with respect to transparency as well as for the verification of the data collected in these studies. This publication presents the results of a survey on fees in non-interventional studies which was conducted within the member companies of the vfa in June 2011. These results demonstrate a consistent adherence to the statutory requirements and the implementation of the recommendations concerning the remuneration of the study centers. Depending on the indication, the number of routine doctor/patient contacts is different and associated with that number the documentation efforts vary. Accordingly, the fee varies based on the fee schedule for physicians (German: Gebührenordnung für Ärzte by taking into account the actual efforts at the study center.

  18. Commercial surrogacy: how provisions of monetary remuneration and powers of international law can prevent exploitation of gestational surrogates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramskold, Louise Anna Helena; Posner, Marcus Paul

    2013-06-01

    Increasing globalisation and advances in artificial reproductive techniques have opened up a whole new range of possibilities for infertile couples across the globe. Inter-country gestational surrogacy with monetary remuneration is one of the products of medical tourism meeting in vitro fertilisation embryo transfer. Filled with potential, it has also been a hot topic of discussion in legal and bioethics spheres. Fears of exploitation and breach of autonomy have sprung from the current situation, where there is no international regulation of surrogacy agreements--only a web of conflicting national laws that generates loopholes and removes safeguards for both the surrogate and commissioning couple. This article argues the need for evidence-based international laws and regulations as the only way to resolve both the ethical and legal issues around commercial surrogacy. In addition, a Hague Convention on inter-country surrogacy agreements is proposed to resolve the muddled state of affairs and enable commercial surrogacy to demonstrate its full potential.

  19. PERAN REMUNERASI TERHADAP KUALITAS PELAYANAN PUBLIK: THEORETICAL REVIEW

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    Ria Yuli Angliawati

    2016-10-01

      Public service is the most important element in improving the quality of social life in society. The poor quality of public service inflicts crisis of trust in society towards public bureaucracy. In order to create “clean” and “commanding” governance by forwarding the quality of public service that is superfine and optimal are not materialized well (effective without the decent welfare of employee. One of efforts to improve service quality is by giving an effective remuneration. This study uses qualitative approach with the theoretical review from the previous researches to emerge the newest research model about the relationship of remuneration and public service. The review result found the importance of giving remuneration in improving the quality of public service. In which employee is expected to commit in conducting their works depend on the major task and the function because the goal of accepted remuneration is enough and appropriate with workload and it creates employee to be motivated in providing the optimal service to public. So it will be materialized a “clean” and “good” governance.   Keywords: Remuneration, Service Quality, Public Service

  20. La norma L1 como alternativa a la norma L2 en el ajuste de la regresión

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    Carlos N. Bouza

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo analizamos el desarrollo y los conceptos de las normas L1 y L2 y se comparan con algunos ejemplos. Por una parte la norma L1 es óptima bajo los supuestos de que los errores tienen la distribución de Laplace. Esta fue propuesta mucho antes que el MC, pero las facilidades de cómputo de éstos últimos le dieron primacía. Actualmente va adquiriendo gran importancia para las aplicaciones económicas, dado que en general los problemas de finanzas y de series temporales incumplen con las hipótesis usadas en el teorema de Gauss-Markoff. El uso de la norma L2, es el método de universal aceptación en el ajuste de la regresión. Sin embargo su optimalidad solo es válida bajo una serie de supuestos que no se cumplen en general (Teorema de Gaus- Markoff. Por lo tanto, norma L1 aparece como una alternativa mejor que la L2 en muchas aplicaciones dada su robustez ante las observaciones atípicas.

  1. Integrated landscape planning and remuneration of agri-environmental services. Results of a case study in the Fuhrberg region of Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    V Haaren, Christina; Bathke, Manfred

    2008-11-01

    Until now, existing remuneration of environmental services has not sufficiently supported the goals of spending money more effectively on the environment and of motivating farmers. Only a small share of the budgets for agriculture in the EU, as well as in US and other countries, is available for buying environmental goods and services beyond the level of good farming practice (GFP). This combined with the insufficient targeting of compensation payments to areas where special measures are needed leads to an unsatisfactorily low impact of agri-environment measures compared to other driving forces that stimulate the intensification of farming. The goal of this paper is to propose a management concept that enhances the ecological and cost efficiency of agri-environment measures. Components of the concept are a comprehensive environmental information base with prioritised goals and targets (available in Germany from landscape planning) and new remuneration models, which complement conventional compensation payments that are based upon predetermined measures and cost. Comprehensive landscape planning locates and prioritises areas which require environmental action. It contains the information that authorities need to prioritise funding for environmental services and direct measures to sites which need environmental services beyond the level of GFP. Also appropriate remuneration models, which can enhance the cost efficiency of public spending and the motivation of the farmers, can be applied on the base of landscape planning. Testing of the planning methodology and of one of the remuneration models (success-oriented remuneration) in a case study area ("Fuhrberger Feld" north of Hanover, Germany) demonstrated the usability of the concept and led to proposals for future development of the methodology and its application in combination with other approaches.

  2. EL AJUSTE CONDUCTUAL, EMOCIONAL Y SOCIAL EN HERMANOS DE NIÑOS CON UN TRASTORNO DEL ESPECTRO AUTISTA. UNA REVISIÓN TEÓRICA

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    Raquel Ruiz Aparicio

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Las personas con Trastorno del Espectro Autista (TEA tienen características únicas y hay una falta de conocimiento sobre cómo estas características podrían influir en sus familias y en el ajuste conductual, emocional y social de sus hermanos. El presente estudio tiene el objetivo de centrarse en los hermanos de estas personas con TEA y realizar una revisión teórica relacionada con el ajuste conductual, emocional y social de hermanos de niños con TEA. Un total de 24 artículos han sido incluidos y analizados con el fin de encontrar resultados relevantes que puedan ayudar a entender las necesidades de estos hermanos. El estudio sugiere, en ocasiones, resultados diferentes pero identifica aquellos factores de riesgo que podrían impactar en el núcleo familiar y, principalmente, en los hermanos de niños con TEA.

  3. Estableciendo nexos entre Políticas de Ajuste Estructural y su impacto ambiental: una discusión metodológica

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    Rosalba Ortiz

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Las políticas de Ajuste Estructural han sido la base de la política económica costarricense en los últimos 10 años, por lo cual, han tenido gran incidencia en el análisis de los procesos y relaciones de cualquier sector productivo. En este contexto, los efectos ambientales de los últimos años, están decididamente influenciados por estas políticas, pues aunque, los programas de Ajuste no tienen como propósito direccionar aspectos ambientales, al modificar algunos precios relativos, pueden propiciar un cambio en el patrón de uso de un recurso, y es así como, tienen un efecto directo o indirecto sobre el ambiente

  4. Apego y Ajuste Socio Emocional: Un Estudio en Embarazadas Primigestas Attachment and Socio-Emotional Adjustment: A Study in First Pregnant Women

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    Chamarrita Farkas

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se centra en el estudio del apego adulto y su relación con el ajuste socioemocional durante el primer embarazo. Se utiliza una investigación descriptiva correlacional de carácter transversal. La muestra se compone de 139 embarazadas primigestas de 19 a 40 años y nivel socio-económico medio, medio bajo y bajo. El estilo de apego fue evaluado con el Cuestionario de Apego en Adultos, CaMir, y el ajuste socioemocional con el Cuestionario de Salud Mental, OQ-45.2. Se realizan análisis descriptivos de la muestra y correlaciones entre estilos de apego y las dimensiones del Cuestionario de Ajuste Socioemocional con el Coeficiente Producto Momento de Pearson. Los resultados muestran una relación significativa entre los estilos de apego y los indicadores de ajuste.This article focuses on the study of adult attachment and its relationship with socio-emotional adjustment during the first pregnacy. A correlational descriptive study using a cross-sectional design was conducted. The sample included 139 primípara females between 19 and 40 years of age, from medium, medium-low and low socioeconomic status. The attachment style was evaluated using the Attachment Questionnaire for Adults, CaMir, and the socio-emotional adjustment with the Mental Health Questionnaire, OQ-45.2. Descriptive analyses of the sample were conducted, and the bivariate correlations between attachment styles and adjustment was estimated. The results show a significant relation between attachment styles and adjustment indexes.

  5. Autonomía y ajuste académico: un estudio con estudiantes portugueses de primer año

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    Ana Paula Soares

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Los niveles de autonomía psicológica de los alumnos desempeñan un papel importante en su ajuste a las presiones y desafíos de la vida universitaria. En este sentido, el presente estudio descriptivo analiza las relaciones entre los niveles de autonomía de los estudiantes en su entrada en la Enseñanza Superior y la calidad de su ajuste académico al final del primer año. Se aplicó el Iowa Developing Autonomy Inventory (IDAI en el inicio del año lectivo y el Questionário de Vivências Académicas (QVA al final de ese año a una muestra de 420 alumnos de primer año de la Universidade do Minho. Los resultados revelan que los alumnos poseen percepciones bastante positivas en cuanto a sus niveles de autonomía en las áreas de Gestión del tiempo, Movilidad e Interdependencia, y niveles más bajos en la Gestión del dinero, observándose algunas oscilaciones en función del género. Por otro lado, los alumnos cuya entrada en la Enseñanza Superior no implicó su abandono del hogar familiar, especialmente los de sexo masculino, presentan niveles más elevados de ajuste académico. Finalmente, los resultados sugieren que el ajuste académico se encuentra asociado a los niveles de autonomía de los alumnos, en particular en lo que concierne a la Gestión del tiempo, Independencia emocional de sus compañeros e Interdependencia.

  6. Los Programas de Desarrollo Rural en la Argentina (en el contexto del ajuste macroeconómico neoliberal

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    Mabel Manzanal

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo expone las estrategias de los principales programas de desarrollo rural en la Argentina, y sus alcances y posibilidades en el contexto del ajuste macroeconómico neoliberal. Discute si se están dando, o no, los cursos de acción adecuados, y si es viable la asistencia a los pobres rurales, promovida por los organismos internacionales de financiamiento, frente al impacto negativo de las políticas neoliberales sobre los pequeños y medianos productores agropecuarios.El desarrollo rural se inicia en la Argentina junto con la recuperación democrática de la década del 80, pero las primeras acciones recién comienzan a ejecutarse a principios de los 90. Desde entonces se sucedieron y se superpusieron diferentes programas, que son el objeto de este artículoThis paper discusses the strategies of Argentina’s main rural development programs, and their accomplishments and possibilities in the context of neoliberal macroeconomic adjustment. It analyzes whether the actions being carried out are suitable and whether assistance to the rural poor (promoted by international financing organizations is feasible in the face of the neoliberal policies’ negative impact on small and intermediate farmers and ranchers. Although rural development programs began in Argentina with the restoration of democracy in the 1980s, the first significant actions were not taken until the 1990s. The different programs that have followed, often overlapping, are the object of our study

  7. DO INCENTIVO À CRIMINALIZAÇÃO: OS TERMOS DE AJUSTE DE CONDUTA NA ORIZICULTURA EM SANTA CATARINA - BRASIL

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    Alfredo Celso Fantini

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Em Santa Catarina os Termos de Ajuste de Conduta (TACs vêm ganhando espaço como estratégia para garantir, na zona rural, a recuperação de áreas de preservação permanente, principalmente as matas ciliares. No caso dos plantadores de arroz a situação é, no mínimo, discutível: agricultores antes incentivados pelo Estado a usarem para a produção toda a área de várzea, até o limite dos rios, são obrigados agora a recuperarem a vegetação ciliar “que nunca deveria ter sido suprimida”. Ignorando a complexidade da questão, o Ministério Público adotou o comando e controle para resolver “o problema”. Passados três anos, quase nada aconteceu na prática. Neste artigo, usamos uma abordagem sistêmica para compreender a situação-problema e apontar encaminhamentos para a sua melhoria. Em um estudo de caso realizado em Jacinto Machado-SC, foram utilizados métodos qualitativos e quantitativos (análise documental, entrevistas, inventários e oficinas e principalmente a Soft System Methodology (SSM. Os resultados revelaram que a mata ciliar é só mais um elemento de um complexo sistema de interesses, onde fatores sociais, culturais, ambientais e econômicos interagem dinamicamente. Apontam, também, a necessidade de uma aproximação entre os interessados na situação-problema para tornar possível uma acomodação entre as diferentes visões de mundo dos envolvidos

  8. La industria manufacturera en Centroamérica: Perspectivas del Ajuste a la nueva política comercial regional

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    Fernando RUEDA-JUNQUERA

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La nueva política comercial del Mercado Común Centroamericano está dando lugar a cambios en los flujos comerciales, que inducirán un ajuste inter-/intraindustrial en el sector manufacturero regional. Este artículo presenta y analiza los principales resultados de un estudio empírico que evaluó el impacto del nuevo programa de integración regional en el patrón de especialización y comercio de manufacturas de cada país miembro. El enfoque empírico empleado conllevó la construcción de hojas de balance que integraron en una base comparable los datos de producción y comercio para el sector manufacturero de cada país. Asimismo, se obtuvieron dos grupos de ratios que midieron respectivamente, la importancia relativa de los mercados regional y mundial para los subsectores manufactureros de cada país, y el potencial de éstos para una especialización inter-/intraindustrial en los dos mercados.ABSTRACT: The new trade policy in the Central American Common Market is given rise to changes in trade flows that will induce an inter-/intraindustry adjustment in the regional manufacturing sector. This article presents and analyses the main results of an empirical study which assessed the impact of the new integration scheme on each member country's pattern of trade and specialisation in manufactures. The empirical approach used in the study involved the construction of balance sheets integrating production and trade data on a comparable basis for each country's manufacturing sector. Likewise, two groups of ratios were obtained. They measured respectively, the relative importance of the regional and world market for the manufacturing subsectors of each country and the subsectoral potential for an inter-/intraindustry specialisation in the two markets.

  9. Relationship between CEO remuneration and company financial performance in the South African retail and consumer goods sector

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    Mark Bussin

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This study was motivated by the need to better understand the effects of the global financial crisis in 2008 on the relationship between company financial performance and CEO guaranteed cost to company (CTC. The aim of this study was to understand the relationship between company financial performance using DuPont analysis and CEO guaranteed CTC in the South African retail and consumer goods sector. Design: The research was a quantitative, archival study of companies listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE, measured over a period of six years (2006–2011. The statistical analysis included regression and correlation analysis. Findings: The research found that CEO guaranteed CTC has shown no sensitivity towards company financial performance in terms of DuPont analysis over the six-year period, which included the global financial crises in 2008. Furthermore, a negative relationship existed between the return on equity and the guaranteed CTC of CEOs in the retail and consumer goods sector during this period. Practical implications: The findings suggest that there is misalignment between company strategy and performance and the guaranteed CTC of CEOs. A practical implication would be to have independent and competent remuneration committees ensuring alignment of the interests of a company with those of its leaders in this regard.

  10. El ajuste o desajuste de las prácticas normativas en Ignacio Ellacuría: hacia una nueva dimensión de lo normativo /

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    Senent, Juan Antonio

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This work provides an analysis of adjustment or disadjustment of human rights from Ignacio Ellacuría thesis. We must first place this analysis in the critical context that animatesit, the horizon of historical praxis. From there, a rationale for its adjustment in relation to human praxis is proposed, as well as a critical study of the role such adjustment or maladjustment of regulatory schemes currently plays in the overall regulatory process within the social practices in the contemporary civilization stage.In turn, we conduct an analysis of the struggle to articulate other regulatory schemes that respond more tightly to the demands of justiceagainst others and nature.Resumo: Este trabajo realiza un análisis sobre el ajuste o desajuste de los derechos humanos a partir de la tesis de Ignacio Ellacuría. Se trata primero de ubicar este análisis en el contexto crítico que lo anima, el horizonte de la praxis histórica. Desde ahí se propone una fundamentación del ajuste en su relación con la praxis humana, así como el estudio crítico del papel que ese ajuste o desajuste de los esquemas normativos juega actualmente en el conjunto del procesonormativo en el seno de las prácticas sociales en la presente fase civilizatoria. A su vez, se aborda un análisis de la lucha por articular otros esquemas normativos que respondan más ajustadamentea las exigencias de la justicia frente a los otros y a la naturaleza.

  11. Análisis de los factores de ajuste por utilización de carril en intersecciones semaforizadas de Bogotá D. C.

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    Ricardo José Peña Lindarte

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo está basado en el planteamiento metodológico desarrollado en el Manual de Capacidad de Carreteras de Estados Unidos (HCM - Highway Capacity Manual, de la Transportation Research Board (TRB, para el análisis de capacidad y niveles de servicio en intersecciones semaforizadas, asociado al factor de ajuste por utilización de carril (fLU, que corresponde a uno de los once factores de ajuste propuestos en la metodología de cálculo, en el módulo de intensidades de saturación. La estimación del factor fLU plantea la definición de una metodología teniendo en cuenta las condiciones operacionales de intersecciones se- maforizadas en Bogotá D. C. a partir del análisis de las corrientes vehiculares, que incluye caracterización vial y del tránsito, con base en muestreos estadísticos, toma y procesamiento de información de campo y análisis de datos. El estudio establece, entre otros aspectos, ecuaciones que permiten obtener datos referenciales para la determinación de factores de ajuste por utilización de carril en vías de Bogotá en función de las tipologías de los accesos y el volumen vehicular prevaleciente para el análisis de intersecciones semaforizadas; por ejemplo, para el caso específico de vías con accesos de dos carriles directos (2CCD la ecuación básica determinada fue y=-3,03E-08X2+3,44E-05X+0,888988, con coeficiente de correlación igual a 1,0, donde la variable dependiente y corresponde al factor fLU y la variable independiente X es el volumen en vehículos mixtos/hora, ecuación considerada estadísticamente significativa. Finalmente, se presenta el análisis comparativo de los factores de ajuste por utilización de carril estimados en el estudio, comparando los valores recomendados por el HCM, sustentándose así las conclusiones y recomendaciones, de las cuales se extracta la validación de los factores recomendados por el HCM, y se propone utilizar para los proyectos de diseño y planeamiento semaf

  12. Creencias y ajuste psicológico de la persona que acompaña al drogodependiente y creencias de éste durante el tratamiento

    OpenAIRE

    José Miguel Martínez González; Humberto Manuel Trujillo Mendoza

    2005-01-01

    El objetivo de esta investigación fue estudiar si las creencias relacionadas con la vivencia del acompañamiento de un familiar en el tratamiento de un drogodependiente, y las del mismo paciente, varían en función de aspectos como el tiempo de abstinencia, el tiempo dedicado al tratamiento, la presencia de patología dual en el drogodependiente, la gravedad de ajuste psicológico del acompañante, los años de evolución de la drogodependencia y el tiempo transcurrido desde que se co...

  13. Aplicación de dos pruebas estadísticas de bondad de ajuste en muestras complejas: un caso práctico en el campo forestal

    OpenAIRE

    Quintero-Méndez, María A.; Durán-Núñez, Mariano J.

    2008-01-01

    En esta investigación se comparan dos pruebas de bondad de ajuste en términos de su error tipo I: ji-cuadrada de Pearson y Rao-Scott con corrección de segundo orden, aplicadas a datos recolectados mediante técnicas de muestreo que no cumplen los supuestos de independencia e igual probabilidad de inclusión de las observaciones, llamadas muestras complejas. Ambas pruebas se usaron para ajustar categorías diamétricas en una plantación de gmelina (Gmelina arborea), aplicando muestreo sistemático ...

  14. Acontecimientos vitales estresantes, estilo de afrontamiento y ajuste adolescente: un análisis longitudinal de los efectos de moderación

    OpenAIRE

    Rosa María Estévez Campos; Alfredo Oliva Delgado; Águeda Parra Jiménez

    2012-01-01

    El objetivo principal de este estudio fue analizar la relación entre la vivencia de los acontecimientos vitales estresantes y los problemas de ajuste emocional y comportamental durante la adolescencia, prestando atención al posible efecto moderador del estilo de afrontamiento. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 90 adolescentes que fueron seguidos durante seis años, desde su adolescencia media (15-16 años) hasta la adultez emergente (21-22 años). Completaron cuestionarios sobre su vivencia de aco...

  15. Sufficient Flexibility and Capacity in Electricity Markets with Renewables: A Review of Innovative Market Mechanisms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sekamane, Jonas Khubute; Katz, Jonas; Skytte, Klaus

    2017-01-01

    This review of the literature collects innovative market mechanisms that tend to get overlooked in the discussion of whether unassisted energy-only markets can ensure sufficient capacity or if capacity remuneration mechanisms are required. The paper complements existing literature reviews...... and pinpoints advantageous research areas relating to the market design of electricity systems with high shares of variable renewable energy...

  16. The complex remuneration of human resources for health in low-income settings: policy implications and a research agenda for designing effective financial incentives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertone, Maria Paola; Witter, Sophie

    2015-07-28

    Human resources for health represent an essential component of health systems and play a key role to accelerate progress towards universal health coverage. Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa face challenges regarding the availability, distribution and performance of health workers, which could be in part addressed by providing effective financial incentives. Based on an overview of the existing literature, the paper highlights the gaps in the existing research in low-income countries exploring the different components of health workers' incomes. It then proposes a novel approach to the analysis of financial incentives and delineates a research agenda, which could contribute to shed light on this topic. The article finds that, while there is ample research that investigates separately each of the incomes health workers may earn (for example, salary, fee-for-service payments, informal incomes, "top-ups" and per diems, dual practice and non-health activities), there is a dearth of studies which look at the health workers' "complex remuneration", that is, the whole of the financial incentives available. Little research exists which analyses simultaneously all revenues of health workers, quantifies the overall remuneration and explores its complexity, its multiple components and their features, as well as the possible interaction between income components. However, such a comprehensive approach is essential to fully comprehend health workers' incentives, by investigating the causes (at individual and system level) of the fragmentation in the income structure and the variability in income levels, as well as the consequences of the "complex remuneration" on motivation and performance. This proposition has important policy implications in terms of devising effective incentive packages as it calls for an active consideration of the role that "complex remuneration" plays in determining recruitment, retention and motivation patterns, as well as, more broadly, the

  17. UNA APROXIMACIÓN TEÓRICA A LA VALORACIÓN DEL DOBLE AJUSTE EN EL DISEÑO DE LA ESTRATEGIA DE RECURSOS HUMANOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Carbonell, Natalia

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Tradicionalmente la literatura ha considerado la necesidad del doble ajuste, vertical y horizontal, de la estrategia de recursos humanos en las organizaciones. Su importancia estratégica ha sido demostrada en buena parte de los estudios empíricos planteados. Sin embargo, la complejidad de este proceso requiere de un análisis más profundo que permita identificar los elementos que lo hacen posible. En el presente trabajo, partiendo de la revisión de la literatura de las perspectivas de investigación en dirección estratégica de recursos humanos y del concepto «fortaleza del sistema de recursos humanos» propuesto por Bowen y Ostroff (2004, discutimos los 3 factores que integran dicho concepto y su relación con el ajuste del sistema. Como consecuencia de ello, definimos 3 proposiciones teóricas que explican la vinculación entre ambas dimensiones y la fortaleza del sistema.

  18. Ajuste fiscal nos estados: uma análise do período 1998-2006 Fiscal adjustment in brazilian states

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Wulff Gobetti

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a forma de enquadramento dos estados ao Programa de Ajuste Fiscal (PAF e à Lei de Responsabilidade Fiscal (LRF, destacando seus impactos nas escolhas de alocação dos recursos públicos e na taxa de investimento. Os resultados obtidos após minucioso trabalho de depuração das bases de dados confirmam a melhoria da situação financeira de estados no período posterior à LRF, mas sugerem que existe um trade-off entre os indicadores fiscais, de um lado, e os investimentos e gastos em infraestrutura, de outro, exigindo uma reflexão sobre a qualidade e sustentabilidade do ajuste fiscal. Os dados orçamentários analisados também apontam evidências de contabilidade criativa.The objective of this article is to offer an analysis of the accommodation by Brazilian states with Fiscal Adjustment Program and with Fiscal Responsibility Act (FRA, showing their impacts on the choices of public resources allocation and on the investment rate. The results obtained after detailed work of data depuration confirm the improvement of financial situation of the states in the period post FRA, but also suggest the existence of a trade-off between fiscal indicators and infrastructure investment, demanding a reflection about the quality and the sustainability of the fiscal adjustment. The budget data analyzed also indicate evidences of creative accountability.

  19. Afectividad inducida e impacto en la creatividad, crecimiento personal después del cambio y ajuste percibido al narrar una experiencia emocional intensa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia da Costa

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Se examinan en un estudio experimental los efectos de la inducción de afectividad positiva en la creatividad y la importancia de las emociones como variables mediadoras. Se indujo alta y baja afectividad positiva pidiendo a las personas participantes que redactaran tres poemas haikus sobre dos estímulos de connotación positiva, alta (N = 28 y baja (N = 28. Las personas escribieron sobre su experiencia de enamoramiento más intenso y contestaron una escala sobre las emociones sentidas al redactar el texto, una medida de crecimiento personal y una tercera referida a la obtención de metas adaptativas después del episodio. En la condición de alta afectividad positiva se informó de más emociones positivas y menos negativas al narrar la experiencia, un mayor crecimiento personal y un mayor ajuste. Jueces independientes evaluaron como más originales el último poema y la narración de la experiencia en la condición de alta afectividad positiva. Un análisis mediacional mostró que las emociones positivas explicaban la influencia de la manipulación sobre el crecimiento personal y el ajuste percibido.

  20. Ajuste teórico de las curvas PTCR de BaTiO3 dopado con niobio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castro, M. S.

    2002-02-01

    Full Text Available In this work, a theoretical fitting to the experimental PTCR effect in slightly Nb-doped BaTiO3 from the Heywang-Jonker model is simulated. Besides, a qualitative approach was used to evaluate the GBBL characteristics of strongly Nb - doped BaTiO3. In both cases, a link between the electrical properties and the defect profile developed in these based - BaTiO3 ceramics was established. From the results, good agreement between experimental and calculated results was obtained for the PTCR ceramics. Asmall increment in Nb2O5 concentration leads to an increasing in the concentration of occupied acceptor states, the energy of the surface state and also the barrier height. In these cases, microstructural observations shown an important grain growth with average grain size between 10 and 100μm. EPR results clearly indicate low concentration of cationic vacancies for these materials. This phenomenon is associated to a charge-compensation mechanism in slightly-doped BaTiO3, that result in a semiconducting behaviour. On the other hand, the electrical behaviour of strongly–doped BaTiO3 moves away from the PTCR effect, and the material becomes insulating with noticeable GBBL characteristics. In this case, microstructural observations along defect structure analysis encourage the hypothesis in which barium vacancies act as acceptor at grain boundaries and play and important role in restricting grain growth of Nb2O5-BaTiO3 ceramics.En este trabajo se determinó la influencia de la concentración de Nb2O5 sobre el comportamiento PTCR de cerámicos basados en BaTiO3. Por otra parte, se estudió el impacto de una gran concentración del dopante sobre el comportamiento GBBL del BaTiO3. En ambos casos, se estableció una relación entre las propiedades eléctricas observadas y la estructura de defectos iónicos desarrollada. La aplicación del modelo de Heywang-Jonker permite el ajuste teórico de las curvas de resistividad – temperatura de los cerámicos PTCR

  1. El ajuste estructural neoliberal en el sector agrario latinoamericano en la era de la globalización

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco García Pascual

    2003-10-01

    productividad,  balanza comercial, precios implícitos en la producción y en la exportación o nivel de ingresos de  los agricultores – podemos comprobar fehacientemente que la brecha que ha separado históricamente a la agricultura latinoamericana de  los sectores agrarios de los Estados Unidos o de la  Unión Europea es cada vez mayor. Es más, los  grandes problemas que atenazaban al mundo  agrario en América Latina a principios de los  ochenta (baja productividad, distribución desigual  de los recursos productivos, exclusión social, desequilibrios territoriales, amén de la dependencia tecnológica y de la dependencia financiera del  sector siguen siendo la realidad mayoritaria  después de dos décadas de ajuste estructural.

  2. Comparación entre Factores de Ajuste Multiplicativos y Aditivos para Producción por Lactancia en un Hato Holstein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arboleda Zapata Elkin Mauricio

    1995-09-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación se efectuó a partir de 558 registros de lactancia tomados del hato Holstein Paysandú el cual está situado en el corregimiento Santa Elena de Medellín en una zona ecológica de bosque húmedo montano bajo (bh-MB y pertenece a la Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Medellín. El objetivo propuesto fué determinar las ventajas comparativas entre factores de ajuste multiplicativos y aditivos para producción por lactancia. Para ello se trabajó con datos ajustados a 305 días, en vista de la muy alta significancia observada para el efecto duración de la lactancia. Después de confirmar por medio del programa de mínimos cuadrados de Harvey, 1988, que los factores medio-ambientales más influyentes sobre la producción ajustada a 305 días son el año de parto, los días abiertos previos y el número de partos (P£0.01, así como la edad y la época de parto (P£0.05, se procedió a ajustar por estos efectos mediante factores de corrección multiplicativos y aditivos. Inicialmente se utilizó como base la subclase de máxima producción para cada efecto y a ellas fueron llevados los demás registros; luego se obtuvieron factores aditivos mediante el uso de constantes estimadas por el programa Harvey y multiplicativos a partir de la media de mínimos cuadrados. Una vez ajustados los datos se corrió nuevamente el modelo inicial, con el fin de cuantificar la varianza residual presente tanto para factores de ajuste multiplicativos como aditivos, a los dos niveles propuestos. La comparación se realizó mirando las relaciones de la tabla F y las varianzas residuales entre grupos y dentro de ellos. Aunque no se presentaron diferencias marcadas, se observa que, en general los factores de ajuste aditivos tuvieron un mejor comportamiento que los multiplicativos, pues con el empleo de estos últimos queda una pequeña variación sin remover; en tanto que con factores de ajuste

  3. Influencia de los cementos y de los diseños protésicos en el ajuste interno de estructuras de zirconia confeccionadas mediante tecnología Cad-Cam para prótesis fija

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Monescillo, Andrés

    2015-01-01

    1. INTRODUCCIÓN Y JUSTIFICACIÓN Aún quedan gran cantidad de elementos y variables que pueden influir en el ajuste interno de las restauraciones y cuyo desconocimiento obliga a seguir investigando. Este estudio permite conocer si existe una influencia real en el ajuste interno de estructuras de zirconia fabricadas mediante tecnología CAD-CAM en función del tipo de cemento utilizado y del tipo de convergencia oclusal de la preparación realizada. 2. OBJETIVOS - Evaluar la influencia de disti...

  4. Propuesta de un método de ordenador para resolver el ajuste a la ecuación de Zener-Hollomon (Garofalo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rieiro, I.

    1996-10-01

    Full Text Available An integrated computational method to solve the Zener-Hollomon equation has been developed by the authors. This method solves the fitting problem of the equation of Zener-Hollomon for wide ranges of applied stress, strain rate and work temperature by means of the progressive application of three kinds of algorithms. In the first place a program, by means of a reiterated linear regression by planes, allows to get some values that will be later the initial values of a second block of algorithms. It permits also to purify the experimental data set. The second block of algorithms carries out a fitting by nonlinear least squares using a variation of the modified Gauss-Newton method. In the third place a group of programs is chained that permit iterate starting by the solution of the previous program approaching (if it is necessary line by line in R2 until the optimum value is reached. All this with a support of statistical analysis for they determine the accuracy of each step, of the data, of the residuals and of the last fitting reached.

    Se presenta un método de ordenador integrado, desarrollado por los autores, para resolver la ecuación de Zener-Hollomon. Este método resuelve el problema del ajuste de la ecuación de Zener-Hollomon para amplios rangos de tensión aplicada, velocidad de deformación y temperatura de trabajo, mediante la aplicación progresiva de tres tipos de algoritmos. En primer lugar, una regresión reiterada multivariante por planos, para obtener unos valores que serán considerados como iniciales para un segundo bloque de algoritmos, además de depurar la base experimental de datos. El segundo bloque de algoritmos realiza un ajuste por mínimos cuadrados no lineales usando una modificación del método de Gauss-Newton modificado. En tercer lugar se encadena un grupo de programas que permiten iterar a partir de la solución del programa no lineal acercándose (si es preciso por líneas en R2

  5. Curvas de Lactação em Rebanhos da Raça Holandesa no Estado de Minas Gerais: Escolha do Modelo de Melhor Ajuste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonçalves Tarcísio de Moraes

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Para selecionar o modelo de curva de lactação de melhor ajuste aos dados de produção de leite no dia de controle de animais da raça Holandesa no Estado de Minas Gerais, utilizaram-se 157.932 controles de 17.150 lactações, de 1990 a 1996, do arquivo inicial com 305.506 controles de 56.422 lactações, do Serviço de Controle Leiteiro da ACGHMG. Ajustaram-se os dados para os fatores: região, nível de produção, ano-estação de parto, classes de ordem e idade ao parto (COPI, grupo genético, número de controles e interações, além dos efeitos linear e quadrático da duração da lactação. Para verificar o melhor ajuste aos modelos Quadrático logarítmico, Gamma Incompleta, Regressão Múltipla e Multifásico (Monofásico e difásico, foram usados menor desvio padrão residual, R² ajustado ao número de parâmetros das equações, autocorrelação de primeira ordem e teste de Durbin-Watson. O uso de uma função difásica para predizer a produção de leite em programas de seleção é recomendado, sendo também possível estimar, com base nessa função, a produção de leite em 305 dias.

  6. [Concept of budget-based remuneration system for the fields of psychiatry and psychotherapy, psychosomatic medicine and psychotherapy, child and adolescent psychiatry and psychotherapy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-01

    A new remuneration system is currently being developed for the hospital care of people with mental disorders. Last year, because of sharp criticism the option phase of the planned Flat-rate Charges in Psychiatry and Psychosomatics (Pauschalierende Entgelte Psychiatrie und Psychosomatik, PEPP) was extended by 2 years. During this time the Federal Ministry of Health wants to look for alternatives and possible starting points for the further development of care. Now, 16 scientific professional associations and organisations have presented a joint concept for a sustainable solution: the budget-based remuneration system. The system is suitable for ensuring that people with mental disorders are treated according to their particular needs and for promoting the appropriate further development of regional care in all treatment settings. It corresponds with the objectives as formulated in Section 17d of the Hospital Finance Act (Krankenhausfinanzierungsgesetz, KHG) and translates the PEPP system, which is currently being developed and focusses on average prices, into a performance-oriented, transparent budgetary system. The fundamental principle is the separation of the individual hospitals' budgeting on the basis of evidence-based, feature- and performance-related modules and billing in the form of advance payments from the agreed budget.

  7. Comparison of single-incision mini-slings (Ajust) and standard transobturator midurethral slings (Align) in the management of female stress urinary incontinence: A 1-year follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chia-Pei; Chang, Wen-Hsun; Hsu, Yen-Mei; Chen, Yi-Jen; Wen, Kuo-Chang; Chao, Kuan-Chong; Yen, Ming-Shyen; Horng, Huann-Cheng; Wang, Peng-Hui

    2015-12-01

    To investigate the effectiveness and safety of a new single-incision mini-sling (SIMS)-Ajust-compared with the standard transobturator midurethral sling (SMUS)-Align-for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). A retrospective cohort study was conducted between January 1, 2010 and August 31, 2012. Women with SUI who underwent either SMUS-Align or SIMS-Ajust were recruited. The primary outcomes included operation time, estimated operative blood loss, postoperative pain, and complications. The secondary outcomes included subjective and objective success, defined as an International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire (ICIQ) score of 0 or improvement as felt by the patient and a long-term complication, such as dyspareunia and mesh erosion after 6 months and 12 months of follow-up. A total of 136 patients were enrolled, including 76 receiving SMUS-Align and 60 receiving SIMS-Ajust. Baseline characteristics of the patients in both groups were similar, without a statistically significant difference. Primary outcomes between both groups were similar, except that women treated with SIMS-Ajust had statistically significantly shorter operation time (p = 0.003), less intent to treat (p < 0.05), and earlier postoperative discharge (p = 0.001) than women treated with SMUS-Align. Secondary outcomes were similar without a significant difference between the two groups (93% vs. 88% success rate in each group). Our results showed that SIMS-Ajust was not inferior to SMUS-Align with respect to success rate, and might have a slight advantage in early discharge. A long-term follow-up or prospective study is needed to confirm the above findings. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  8. HISTORIA FUNCIONAL DE MORFOLOGÍAS LINGÜÍSTICAS Y SU EFECTO EN UN AJUSTE CONVENCIONAL/ FUNCTIONAL HISTORY OF LINGUISTIC MORPHOLOGIES AND THEIR EFFECT ON A CONVENTIONAL ADJUSTMENT/ HISTÓRIA FUNCIONAL DE MORFOLOGIAS LINGÜÍSTICAS E SEU EFEITO EM UM AJUSTE CONVENCIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataly Yáñez Ramírez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se observó si diferentes historias funcionales construidas durante la adquisición de un conjunto de morfologías lingüísticas facilitaban un ajuste convencional. Participaron 24 estudiantes universitarios distribuidos en tres grupos, expuestos a entrenamientos construidos bajo la lógica de diferentes niveles de interacción: contextual, suplementario o selector (Ribes y López, 1985; y posteriormente se evaluó su ejecución en una tarea convencional. El entrenamiento cuyo criterio de ajuste era de tipo selector fue la que más facilitó tanto la adquisición de las morfologías lingüísticas como su uso en la tarea, efecto que pareció más evidente en los hablantes que en los escuchas. No se encontraron diferencias entre los entrenamientos contextual y suplementario. Los resultados se discuten en términos de sus implicaciones teóricas y metodológicas.

  9. Linear study and bundle adjustment data fusion; Application to vision localization; Recherche lineaire et fusion de donnees par ajustement de faisceaux; Application a la localisation par vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michot, J.

    2010-12-09

    integrate this additional information directly into an extended bundle adjustment, by adding a constraint term in the weighted cost function. We evaluate three methods (based on machine learning or regularization) that dynamically select the weight associated to the constraint and show that these methods can be used in a real time multi-sensor SLAM, and validate them with different types of constraint on the orientation or on the scale. Experiments conducted on real video sequences show that this technique of constrained bundle adjustment reduces the drifts observed with the classical vision algorithms and improves the global accuracy of the positioning system. (author) [French] Les travaux presentes dans ce manuscrit concernent le domaine de la localisation et la reconstruction 3D par vision artificielle. Dans ce contexte, la trajectoire d'une camera et la structure 3D de la scene filmee sont initialement estimees par des algorithmes lineaires puis optimisees par un algorithme non-lineaire, l'ajustement de faisceaux. Cette these presente tout d'abord une technique de recherche de l'amplitude de deplacement (recherche lineaire), ou line search pour les algorithmes de minimisation iterative. La technique proposee est non iterative et peut etre rapidement implantee dans un ajustement de faisceaux traditionnel. Cette technique appelee recherche lineaire algebrique globale (G-ALS), ainsi que sa variante a deux dimensions (Two way-ALS), accelerent la convergence de l'algorithme d'ajustement de faisceaux. L'approximation de l'erreur de reprojection par une distance algebrique rend possible le calcul analytique d'une amplitude de deplacement efficace (ou de deux pour la variante Two way-ALS), par la resolution d'un polynome de degre 3 (G-ALS) ou 5 (Two way-ALS). Nos experimentations sur des donnees simulees et reelles montrent que cette amplitude, optimale en distance algebrique, est performante en distance euclidienne, et permet

  10. Ajuste de modelos de platô de resposta via regressão isotônica Response plateau models fitting via isotonic regression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Pires Gonçalves

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Dentro do contexto nutricional, a suplementação de microminerais em rações para aves frequentemente é feita em quantidades superiores às exigidas na tentativa de assegurar o bom desempenho dos animais. Os experimentos do tipo dose resposta são muito comuns na determinação de níveis ótimos dos nutrientes na ração e contemplam a utilização de modelos de regressão para atingir tal objetivo. Porém, na análise de regressão usual, geralmente, não se usa uma informação a priori sobre uma possível relação de ordem na variável resposta. A regressão isotônica é um método de estimação por mínimos quadrados que gera estimativas que satisfazem a mesma ordenação dos dados. Na teoria da regressão isotônica, essa informação é utilizada de forma essencial e espera-se que a eficiência do ajuste seja aumentada quando se faz uso dela. Diante do exposto, o presente trabalho tem como objetivo utilizar uma metodologia de regressão isotônica, como uma forma alternativa para analisar dados de deposição de zinco (Zn na tíbia de aves machos da linhagem Hubbard. No estudo, foram considerados os modelos de platô de resposta polinomial quadrático e não linear exponencial. Além desses modelos, também foi proposto o ajuste de um modelo logarítmico para os dados e a eficiência da metodologia foi avaliada por meio de um estudo de simulação Monte Carlo, considerando diferentes cenários para os valores paramétricos. A isotonização dos dados propiciou uma melhora em todos os avaliadores de qualidade de ajuste considerados no trabalho. Dentre os modelos utilizados, o logarítmico apresentou estimativas dos parâmetros mais coerentes com os valores relatados na literatura, para os dados de deposição de Zn na tíbia de aves machos.Within the nutritional context, the supplementation of microminerals in bird food is often made in quantities exceeding those required in the attempt to ensure the proper performance of the animals

  11. Is a monitoring of the remuneration of the grid utilization in the range of paragraph 315 BGB subsequent to the regulation possible?; Ist eine Ueberpruefung von Netznutzungsentgelten im Rahmen des paragraph 315 BGB nach der Regulierung noch moeglich?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grigoleit, Andreas; Goetz, Katharina [Anwaltsbuero Andreas Grigoleit, Hamburg (Germany)

    2009-10-15

    Before the liberalisation of the power market in the year 1998, there were no possibility and necessity to examine the remuneration of grid utilization of the grid operators in an isolated manner for its equity. The aim of the liberalisation of the power market was to prevent the monopolistic position of the local current providers. The final break-through for the examination of the remuneration of grid utilization was obtained at 18th October, 2005. At this day, the Federal High Court (Karlsruhe, Federal Republic of Germany) decided that the grid operator has to determine the payment according to cheaper discretion. The equity has to be a subject to a determination of a judicial verification. The principle of reasonability would concretize the criterion of cheap discretion in the range of application of the regulation paragraph 315 of the German Civil Code (BGB). The paragraph 23a of the Energy Economy Law (EnWG) now requires the permission of the Federal Network Agency or of the national regulation authorities for the definition of the remuneration of grid utilization. Doubts about are partly announced whether these regulated remunerations are a subject of verification after paragraph 315 BGB.

  12. Remuneration of Graduates, as at 1 July 1994. Legal, Religious, Social Science, Humanities and Related Occupations = Vergoeding van Gegradueerdes, soos op 1 Julie 1994. Regs-, Godsdiens-, Sosiaal- en Verwante Geesteswetenskaplike Beroepe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Johan

    This document, which is based on data gathered during a September 1994 mail survey of 215,284 South African graduates that elicited a total response rate of 18.3%, details the remuneration of graduates (as of July 1, 1994) in a wide range of occupations in the following categories: legal; religious; social science; humanities; and art, sport, and…

  13. Ajuste do rendimento para a variação do estande em experimentos de melhoramento genético do feijão Adjustment of the yield for the stand variation in common bean genetic breeding experiments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clause Fátima de Brum Piana

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o ajuste do rendimento pela variação do estande em experimentos de feijão e propor procedimento para ajustamento por análise de co-variação. Utilizaram-se dados de 33 ambientes do Ensaio Estadual de Feijão do Rio Grande do Sul. Realizaram-se as análises de variação e de co-variação de rendimento e de estande em cada ambiente. Foram considerados quatro modelos de ajustamento alternativos: sem ajuste para a variação do estande; com ajuste para o estande médio geral; com ajuste para os estandes médios dos genótipos; e com ajuste para os estandes médios dos grupos de genótipos. Em 70% dos ambientes, ocorreu efeito linear ou quadrático significativo de estande sobre rendimento e em 85% efeito significativo de genótipo sobre estande. O efeito compensatório manifestou-se com diferentes intensidades nos ambientes. O ajuste do rendimento para a variação do estande, considerando o efeito de genótipos sobre o estande, é importante em ensaios de melhoramento do feijão. É necessário o registro de informações que permitam discriminar a origem da variação do estande.The objective of this work was to evaluate the adjustment of the yield for the stand in common bean experiments and to propose a procedure for the adjustment through covariance analysis. Data from 33 environments of the Common Bean Assay of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, were used. Variance and covariance analyses of yield and stand were proceeded for each environment. Four alternative models were considered: without adjustment for stand; with adjustment for the average stand; with adjustment for the genotypes average stand; and with adjustment for the groups of genotypes average stand. Significant linear or quadratic effects of stand on yield occurred in 70% of the environments and of genotype on stand in 85%. The compensatory effect was manifested with different intensities in the environments. The adjustment of the yield

  14. Development of a module for taking remuneration under the Renewable Energy Law into account in a model for calculating the economic efficiency of smart electricity grids

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ludwig, Maximilian Uwe; Toprani, Vipul; Witte, Frank

    2014-01-01

    The enactment of the Law Giving Priority to Renewable Energies (EEG) in 2000 laid the cornerstone for the transformation of the German electricity supply. Since then the proportion of renewable energy in electricity production has grown dramatically, confronting the German network infrastructure, which was initially designed for a centralised supply system, with new problems and challenges. In order to achieve optimal coordination between volatile energy infeeds, electricity storage plants and consumers it is necessary to bring all components involved together in a smart grid. A small-scale grid of this description is currently being operated and investigated on the EUREF Campus in Berlin Schoeneberg. The task of achieving optimal allocation of energy flows and getting the micro smart grid to run accordingly, i.e. at a profit, poses new challenges to all involved. To be able to determine the economic efficiency of smart grids a calculation model was developed which simulates the operation of production and storage plants and takes the behaviour of real consumers into account. The model rates the profitability of investments made in terms of their capital value. In its current version the model still disregards the legal regulations for the remuneration of electricity produced from a mix of renewable resources. These cannot be considered as physically separate in a smart grid. In the present study a module based on EEG provisions was developed which calculates remuneration rates as a function of production and demand at a given moment. This is one of several factors which influence the economic efficiency of smart grids. The study undertakes to identify these factors and describe their influence on the profitability of the total investment.

  15. Capacity mechanisms: EU or National Issue? Are capacity remuneration mechanisms helping to build the market or just a symptom of what does not work?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Parmigiani, Laura

    2012-10-01

    In a competitive energy system, generation investment choices are let to investors. It is then the responsibility of the market actors to invest and ensure peak, medium and base load generation, based on market perspectives and trends. If through actors' investments the stability of the system cannot be ensured (because, for example, peak generation is not sufficient to satisfy demand), some measures have to be taken. These can have economic and system integrity impacts on neighboring systems, especially if they are connected. This is precisely what is happening in the European electricity market. While the internal electricity market should be completed by 2014, the adoption by Member States of capacity remuneration mechanisms in an uncoordinated way may lead to new market distortions. Whereas national capacity remuneration mechanisms (CRMs) already exist in several European countries (e.g. Italy, Spain, Sweden), others have taken steps in the past months to implement CRMs (France, UK) or contemplated to introduce them (Germany). After the puzzle of more than 27 different regimes for incentivizing renewables, the same heterogeneity will appear in the capacity markets if no coherent and Europe-wide framework is proposed. While increased interconnections and market coupling will lead to more efficient and liquid markets at regional and EU levels, the opposite will happen if Member States adopt national solutions without looking beyond their borders. In order to understand why we have come this point, it is essential to start from the roots of the problem and to throw light on some false beliefs. It would be much easier to blame market liberalization and un-bundling or RES integration into the market. The truth is that both measures were important. Timing showed that the RES production is developing very fast and creates local over capacity in some national systems, while when there is no wind or sun, the conventional plants are still needed to supply the customers

  16. Investigating the remuneration of health workers in the DR Congo: implications for the health workforce and the health system in a fragile setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertone, Maria Paola; Lurton, Grégoire; Mutombo, Paulin Beya

    2016-11-01

    The financial remuneration of health workers (HWs) is a key concern to address human resources for health challenges. In low-income settings, the exploration of the sources of income available to HWs, their determinants and the livelihoods strategies that those remunerations entail are essential to gain a better understanding of the motivation of the workers and the effects on their performance and on service provision. This is even more relevant in a setting such as the DR Congo, characterized by the inability of the state to provide public services via a well-supported and financed public workforce. Based on a quantitative survey of 1771 HWs in four provinces of the DR Congo, this article looks at the level and the relative importance of each revenue. It finds that Congolese HWs earn their living from a variety of sources and enact different strategies for their financial survival. The main income is represented by the share of user fees for those employed in facilities, and per diems and top-ups from external agencies for those in Health Zone Management Teams (in both cases, with the exception of doctors), while governmental allowances are less relevant. The determinants at individual and facility level of the total income are also modelled, revealing that the distribution of most revenues systematically favours those working in already favourable conditions (urban facilities, administrative positions and positions of authority within facilities). This may impact negatively on the motivation and performance of HWs and on their distribution patters. Finally, our analysis highlights that, as health financing and health workforce reforms modify the livelihood opportunities of HWs, their design and implementation go beyond technical aspects and are unavoidably political. A better consideration of these issues is necessary to propose contextually grounded and politically savvy approaches to reform in the DR Congo. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University

  17. [Remunerations, benefits and labor incentives perceived by health care workers in Peru: an analysis comparing the Ministry of Health and the Social Insurance, 2009].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pardo, Karim; Andia, Marcelino; Rodriguez, Amado; Pérez, Walter; Moscoso, Betsy

    2011-06-01

    To describe the main characteristics of the general salaries situation and the incentive policies of health care workers of Peru, comparing them by their origin institution and type of contract. A mixed design study was done including both quantitative and qualitative components during 2008 and 2009 with both professional and technical personnel of the Ministry of Health (MINSA) and the Social Insurance (EsSalud) in Peru. The salary structure was primarily evaluated considering incentives, bonuses and other remunerations according to position, type of contract and work place. Remuneration and bonus policies at the national level are determined by the responsibilities and amount of time served. The type of contract is determined by the programs of the public system (DL 276) and the private system (DL 728), also by the Special Program of Contract Services Administration (CAS) and exclusively in MINSA contracting is determined by local health administration Committees (CLAS). The salary structure differs between both types of institutions, especially with respect to incentives and benefits. An special economic incentive for assistance (AETA) is unique to MINSA, but the proportion of assistance varies by region. The professionals of MINSA have lower salaries than those of EsSalud, in all types of contracts. A professional contracted through CAS generally has a lower salary than staff peers in MINSA, though this situation is reversed in EsSalud. The lowest salaries are found in contracts made through CLAS. The structure and salary amounts differ between MINSA and EsSalud, just as they differ by existing contracting types.

  18. Cálculo, mediante la aplicación del algoritmo de ajuste por mínimos cuadrados, de los componentes de velocidad para estaciones GNSS continuas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Moya Zamora

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available El cálculo de la velocidad de una estación de observación continua GNSS representa un insumo fundamental en la geodesia moderna. El hecho de determinar la posición de las estaciones GNSS de forma diaria implica que se puedan establecer las series temporales de las estaciones, con base en las cuales se puede obtener información de la influencia de fenómenos que afecten el comportamiento de estas. En este artículo se plantea una descripción del algoritmo de ajuste por mínimos cuadrados adaptado y aplicado a la determinación de los componentes de velocidad de estaciones de observación continua. Además, se aplica este algoritmo para la calcular la velocidad de la estación ETCG, perteneciente al Sistema Geocéntrico para las Américas (SIRGAS.

  19. Ajuste produtivo e medidas de flexibilização da legislação trabalhista Productive adjustment and flexibilization in the labor laws

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana Ribeiro

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available A partir da década de 90, a introdução de inovações tecnológicas e organizacionais na indústria brasileira se intensificou significativamente. Um dos objetivos deste artigo é analisar os principais obstáculos à negociação de cláusulas referentes a essas inovações entre o sindicato dos trabalhadores da indústria de calçados, da indústria siderúrgica e da indústria têxtil e os respectivos empresários. Outro objetivo é investigar o grau de difusão das recentes medidas de flexibilização da legislação trabalhista e a estratégia desses sindicatos. Palavras-chave: Ajuste produtivo. Negociação coletiva. Flexibilização. Legislação trabalhista. During the 90’s, many new technologies and innovations in organizational structure were introduced to the Brazilian industry. One of the purposes of this article is to analyze the main obstacles to the negotiation of new labor laws in relation to theses changes between labor unions (footwear, metal and textile industry workers and the owners of the factories. The other purpose is to investigate the level of diffusion of the recent flexibilization measures of the labor legislation and the strategy of these unions. Keywords: Productive adjustment. Collective negotiation. Flexibilization. Labor laws.

  20. AJUSTE DE ECUACIONES DE BIOMASA PARA Pinus durangensis (Martínez M. EN LA REGIÓN DE EL SALTO, DURANGO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Montes de Oca-Cano

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente estudio fue ajustar ecuaciones lineales y no lineales para estimar biomasa por componente de hojas, ramas, fuste y total, para árboles con edades entre tres y diez años, en la región de El Salto, Dgo. Los resultados indican que las ecuaciones se ajustan mejor a nivel individual, el componente total muestra los mejores estadísticos de ajuste, mientras que las mayores variaciones se detectan en las ramas y en el fuste. Adicionalmente se analizan porcentajes de biomasa por componente donde se observa que el fuste aporta 46.9 % de la biomasa, las hojas 35.6 % y las ramas solamente 17.3 % de la biomasa total. Así mismo, dentro del rango de edad analizado, la biomasa en el fuste aumenta anualmente 2.96 %; la biomasa en las hojas disminuye 3.13 % y la biomasa en las ramas aumenta 0.17 %.

  1. Ausentismo y producción: el esquema de ajuste de primas por siniestralidad observada aplicado al seguro de salud en Francia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sébastien Ménard

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analizan los efectos de la introducción de un esquema de ajuste (experience rating en las contribuciones patronales al seguro de salud. Para ello, se desarrolla un modelo de búsqueda y emparejamiento en un mercado de trabajo segmentado. En el segmento donde los empleos son más riesgosos, las ausencias por enfermedad son más frecuentes y la producción media es más baja. El modelo es calibrado para Francia y los resultados de las simulaciones muestran que la introducción de este esquema mejora levemente la producción y el empleo. En términos cuantitativos, una variación del 1 % en la tasa de experience rating induce una reducción de 0,48 % en la duración del desempleo y de 1,07 % en los días de ausencia, así como un aumento de 0,1 % en la producción. Finalmente, se encuentra que esta política conduce también a un desempeño económico ligeramente mejor que la privatización del seguro de salud

  2. Series de días hábiles en Colombia: una aplicación al ajuste del crecimiento industrial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Montenegro García

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Si bien muchos economistas son conscientes del efecto de los días hábiles sobre la medición de la producción, aún es frecuente encontrar que estas cifras se analizan sin el correspondiente ajuste. En general, el número de días hábiles en un mes cambia de un año a otro, lo cual es cierto para todos los meses, no solo para los que contienen la Semana Santa. Este trabajo recopila la serie de días hábiles mensuales tomando en cuenta los festivos actuales y anteriores a la Ley Emiliani, y la utiliza para ajustar la serie de producción manufacturera del DANE. Para algunos meses, la diferencia entre la cifra de crecimiento industrial reportada por el DANE y la cifra ajustada por días hábiles puede acercarse a los 12 puntos porcentuales, en cualquier dirección

  3. Política socioambiental e de entorno do BNDES: dos ajustes espaciais aos corretivos territoriais: os casos das UHEs de Santo Antônio e Jirau (RO e da UHE de Belo Monte (PA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Novoa Garzon

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available O artigo procura apresentar a posição e o discurso paradoxais de um Banco que é ao mesmo tempo viabilizador de macro-ajustes espaciais e propositor de micro-correções territoriais. A política socioambiental e de entorno do BNDES são avaliadas a partir dos casos dos grandes projetos, especificamente o Complexos Hidrelétricos do Madeira e de Belo Monte.

  4. Dimensiones familiares relevantes en la consecución del conocimiento parental y sus repercusiones sobre el ajuste adolescente. Un análisis internacional, nacional y local sobre la familia en la adolescencia.

    OpenAIRE

    Jiménez Iglesias, Antonia María

    2013-01-01

    La familia constituye el contexto principal y fundamental de socialización, que continua ejerciendo gran influencia durante la adolescencia. La evidencia disponible indica que el predictor más simple y consistente de la salud y el ajuste adolescente es la calidad de las relaciones de los chicos y las chicas con sus progenitores. La importancia de la familia en la adolescencia es bien conocida por el Estudio sobre Conductas de los Escolares Relacionadas con la Salud o Health Beha...

  5. El papel de la categorización social y las diferencias sociodemográficas en la autoestima, el ajuste y el bienestar psicológicos de una muestra de inmigrantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Andrés Peña-Pinzón

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Se explora el efecto de la saliencia de la categorización social inmigrante y su interacción con diferencias sociodemográficas (nivel de estudios, situación laboral, sexo de los sujetos, en ajuste psicológico, bienestar psicológico y autoestima. 210 inmigrantes de origen sudamericano, residentes en las provincias de Granada y Almería, fueron distribuidos en dos condiciones experimentales: "saliencia baja/alta de la categorización social inmigrante". Encontramos efecto de la manipulación sobre las medidas de pertenencia e identidad (autoestima colectiva, autoestima individual, ansiedad (SA-45 y bienestar laboral. Cuando la saliencia de la categorización social es baja (vs. alta, los sujetos presentan mejor autoestima, menos ansiedad y menos bienestar laboral. El sexo se asocia con la manipulación experimental en las escalas privada y pública (autoestima colectiva y en somatización, depresión y ansiedad (SA45. Los hombres para los que es menos saliente su condición de inmigrante presentan resultados más óptimos. El nivel de estudios y la situación laboral se asocian con ajuste psicológico: los sujetos sin trabajo (vs. los que están trabajando y los de estudios básicos o sin estudios (vs. los de estudios medios o superiores presentan peor ajuste.

  6. Cube or block. Statistical analysis, historial review, failure mode and behaviour; Cubo o bloque. Ajuste estadistico, analisis historico, modo de fallo y comportamiento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Negro, V.; Varela, O.; Campo, J. M. del; Lopez Gutierrez, J. S.

    2010-07-01

    Many different concrete shapes have been developed as armour units for rubble mound breakwaters. Nearly all are mass concrete construction and can be classified as random placed or regular patterns Placed. the majority of artificial armour unit are placed in two layers and they are massive. they intended to function in a similar way to natural rock (cubes, blocks, antifer cubes,...). More complex armour units were designed to achieve greater stability by obtaining a high degree of interlock (dolosse, accropode, Xbloc, core-loc,...). finally, the third group are the regular pattern placed units with a greater percentage of voids for giving a stronger dissipation of cement hydration (cob, shed, hollow cubes,...), This research deals about the comparison between two massive concrete units, the cubes and the blocks and the analysis of the geometry, the porosity, the construction process and the failure mode. The first stage is the statistical analysis. the scope of it is based on the historical reference of the Spanish Breakwaters with main layer of cubes and blocks (ministry of Public Works, General Directorate of Ports, 1988). (Author) 9 refs.

  7. Incorporação da densidade no ajuste de dois modelos à curva de retenção de água no solo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. A. Tormena

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available A curva de retenção de água no solo é fundamental para o desenvolvimento de estudos relacionados com a dinâmica da água, com a modelagem de processos físicos do solo e crescimento das plantas. Normalmente, a curva de retenção é obtida por meio de medidas simultâneas do conteúdo de água (θ e do potencial mátrico da água no solo (ψ numa única amostra. Um procedimento alternativo consiste em utilizar várias amostras por ψ para descrever a curva de retenção. A utilização deste procedimento requer a incorporação dos fatores de variação existentes entre as amostras nos parâmetros das funções matemáticas utilizadas para descrever essa curva. O objetivo deste trabalho foi obter a curva de retenção, utilizando esta última sistemática, e ajustar duas diferentes funções não-lineares aos dados de θ(ψ. Amostras indeformadas (0,05 m de diâmetro e 0,05 m de altura foram obtidas num Latossolo Vermelho distroférrico cultivado com milho sob plantio direto e preparo convencional do solo. Foram retiradas 96 amostras por sistema de preparo, na profundidade de 0-0,10 m, na linha e na entrelinha da cultura. A curva de retenção foi obtida utilizando-se 12 ψ, sendo 16 amostras por ψ: oito por sistema de preparo e quatro por posição amostrada. Os modelos de Genuchten (1980 - VG e o de Hutson & Cass (1987 - HC foram ajustados aos dados. Funções relacionando os parâmetros dos modelos com as variáveis independentes preparo, posição de amostragem e densidade do solo (Ds os substituíram no ajuste dos dados. Não houve influência estatisticamente significativa dos sistemas de preparo e posição de amostragem (p > 0,05 no ajuste das funções aos dados . Com a função de VG obtiveram-se efeitos significativos da Ds no parâmetro n, o qual foi descrito por uma função quadrática da Ds. Resultado similar foi obtido com o parâmetro "a" da função de HC. A curva de retenção foi sensível às variações da Ds e o

  8. Ajuste psicosocial en agresores, víctimas puras y víctimas agresivas en la escuela. Psychosocial adjustment in aggressors, pure victims and aggressive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estefanía Estévez

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available

    En el presente estudio se examinan las diferencias entre cuatro categorías de adolescentes –agresores, víctimas puras, víctimas agresivas y estudiantes no implicados en problemas comportamentales o de victimización en la escuela– en relación con la autoestima, la sintomatología depresiva, el estrés percibido, el sentimiento de soledad, y una medida general de satisfacción con la vida. Los participantes fueron 1.319 adolescentes con edades comprendidas entre los 11 y los 16 años (47% chicos y escolarizados en siete centros públicos de enseñanza secundaria ubicados en Valencia (España. Los análisis de varianza indicaron la existencia de diferencias significativas entre las cuatro categorías de estudiantes. Así, los adolescentes no implicados mostraron un mejor ajuste psicosocial general: niveles más elevados de autoestima y satisfacción con la vida y niveles inferiores de sintomatología depresiva, estrés percibido y sentimiento de soledad. Las puntuaciones en este grupo fueron equivalentes a aquellas obtenidas por los agresores con respecto a la autoestima, la sintomatología depresiva y la soledad. Sin embargo, los agresores percibieron más estrés y expresaron menor satisfacción con sus vidas, como así también hicieron los otros dos grupos, a saber: víctimas puras y víctimas agresivas. Las víctimas mostraron los niveles más elevados de sentimiento de soledad.

    Palabras clave: Agresor, víctima, víctima agresiva, violencia escolar, ajuste psicosocial.

    The present study examined differences among four categories of adolescents –aggressors, pure victims, aggressive victims, and students not involved in behavioural or victimization problems at school– with respect to self-esteem, depressive symptomatology, perceived stress, feeling of loneliness, and a general measure of satisfaction with life. Participants were 1,319 adolescents aged from 11 to 16 years old (47% male and drawn from seven state

  9. Ajuste de parâmetros de transporte de solutos no solo utilizando Matlab 6.5 Adjustment of soil solute transport parameters with Matlab 6.5

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anderson L. de Souza

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O sucesso na utilização de modelos matemáticos no estudo do transporte de íons no solo está intimamente ligado à precisão com que os parâmetros de transporte envolvidos neste processo são estabelecidos. De maneira geral, tais parâmetros são determinados mediante a resolução de um problema de otimização não linear em que os dados experimentais, obtidos em ensaios de deslocamento miscível, são ajustados a um modelo teórico. Neste sentido, a utilização de softwares de alta performance no ajuste destes parâmetros mostra-se vantajosa, uma vez que, além da consistência e da disponibilidade de ferramentas numéricas preexistentes, possibilita a incorporação de novas rotinas de acordo com o fenômeno que se queira simular. Sendo assim, este trabalho teve como objetivo desenvolver, em ambiente MATLAB 6.5, uma rotina computacional para a otimização dos seguintes parâmetros de transporte: fator de retardamento (R e coeficiente de dispersão (D. A rotina desenvolvida foi aplicada a dados experimentais de três ensaios de deslocamento miscível do íon potássio em colunas preenchidas com um Latossolo Vermelho- -Amarelo, fase arenosa. A qualidade dos ajustes obtidos foi avaliada utilizando-se do coeficiente de exatidão. Concluiu-se que a rotina proposta apresentou ótimo desempenho, o que, além de reforçar a consistência do método numérico utilizado, indica que a rotina proposta neste trabalho pode contribuir com o avanço dos estudos teóricos da dinâmica da água e de solutos em meios porosos não saturados.The successful use of mathematical models in studies of solute transport in soil is dependent on the accuracy to which the transport parameters involved in this process can be specified. In general, these parameters are determined by using nonlinear optimization techniques to fit theoretical models to experimental data obtained in miscible displacement experiments. The use, therefore, of high-performance software to

  10. Modelo experimental de bandagem ajustável do tronco pulmonar para preparo rápido do ventrículo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DIAS Carlos A.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Um dispositivo de bandagem do tronco pulmonar (TP com ajuste percutâneo foi desenvolvido com o objetivo de induzir a hipertrofia rápida do ventrículo subpulmonar. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Consiste de um manguito de silicone insuflável percutaneamente, através de um botão de silicone auto-selante. Os corações de 7 cabritos jovens (peso médio: 8,7 kg foram submetidos à sobrecarga sistólica imposta pelo dispositivo e avaliados sob os aspectos hemodinâmicos, ecocardiográficos e morfológicos. Foram extraídas biópsias basais do miocárdio do ventrículo direito (VD para análise microscópica (perímetro e área do miócito. O dispositivo foi implantado no TP. As pressões do VD, TP e aorta foram monitorizadas. Após convalescença, foi iniciado o protocolo de insuflação do dispositivo de bandagem do TP. Foi injetada água destilada no botão auto-selante (via percutânea, até que a pressão sistólica do VD atingisse 70% da pressão sistólica do VE. As avaliações ecocardiográfica e hemodinâmica foram realizadas a cada 24 horas. A sobrecarga sistólica do VD foi mantida por um período de 96 horas, com insuflações progressivas no limite máximo tolerado, a cada 24 horas. Após esse período, os animais foram sacrificados para análise morfológica dos corações. Outros 9 cabritos (peso médio: 7,7 kg foram utilizados como grupo controle, para análise do peso do VD. RESULTADOS: Após 96 horas de sobrecarga sistólica do VD, foi observado um aumento do gradiente sistólico VD/TP de 10,1±4,3 mmHg para 60,0±11,0 mmHg e da pressão sistólica no VD de 22,4±4,1 mmHg para 71,0±10,0 mmHg (p<0,0001. O ecocardiograma revelou aumento da espessura muscular do VD, de 4,4±0,5 mm para 7,3±1,7 mm (p=0,001. Quando comparado ao grupo controle, houve um ganho de peso de 74% do VD submetido à sobrecarga sistólica (p<0,0001. À microscopia óptica, foi observado aumento de 27% no perímetro e de 69% na área dos miócitos (p=0

  11. Modelos para ajuste da produção de gases em silagens de girassol e milho Models for fit of gas production in sunflower and corn silages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renius Mello

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar entre os modelos Brody, Von Bertalanffy, Gompertz, France, Logístico, Logístico modificado e Logístico bicompartimental, aquele que apresenta maior qualidade de ajuste à curva de produção cumulativa de gases em silagens de girassol e milho. Os critérios adotados foram: coeficiente de determinação, quadrado médio do resíduo, análise gráfica das curvas observadas e estimadas, análise gráfica de dispersão dos resíduos estudentizados, erro percentual médio, eficiência relativa e número de iterações para atingir a convergência. Os modelos Brody, France e Logístico bicompartimental apresentaram os maiores valores de coeficiente de determinação em ambos os substratos, e a diferença entre eles pode ser considerada desprezível. Estes modelos apresentaram, também, os menores valores de quadrado médio do resíduo em silagens de girassol, e a diferença entre eles foi considerada desprezível. Os modelos Brody e France apresentaram menor quadrado médio do resíduo em silagens de milho. Todos os modelos apresentaram dispersão positiva dos resíduos em ambos os substratos após 144 horas de incubação. O modelo Brody apresentou menor erro percentual médio e número de iterações em ambos os substratos. Os modelos Logístico bicompartimental e France apresentaram maior eficiência relativa, respectivamente, em silagens de girassol e milho. Assim, o modelo Logístico bicompartimental apresenta maior qualidade de ajuste à curva de produção de gases em silagens de girassol e milho.The aim of this work was to identify among the Brody, Von Bertalanffy, Gompertz, France, Logistic, Modified logistic and Dual-pool logistic models, the one that presents the highest quality of fit for cumulative gas production curve in sunflower and corn silages. The quality of fit was evaluated by coefficient of determination, residual mean square, graphic analysis of the observed and estimated curves

  12. Ajuste social y escolar de jóvenes víctimas de maltrato infantil en situación de acogimiento residencial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Muela

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo consistió en examinar el ajuste social y escolar de jóvenes que habían sufrido maltrato en la infancia y se encontraban en situación de acogimiento residencial. Además, pretendíamos comprobar si existían diferencias entre los sujetos sometidos a distintas situaciones de desprotección infantil. En el estudio participaron 318 jóvenes residentes en la Comunidad Autónoma del País Vasco de edades comprendidas entre los 13 y los 18 años (M = 15.35, DT = 1.68 pertenecientes a tres colectivos. El primero de ellos estaba constituido por 69 jóvenes (31 mujeres y 38 varones víctimas de maltrato infantil que se hallaban bajo una medida de protección de acogimiento residencial. El segundo grupo estaba formado por 75 jóvenes (29 mujeres y 46 varones víctimas de maltrato infantil que se encontraban en situación de riesgo de desamparo. Por último, el tercer grupo estaba constituido por 174 jóvenes (95 mujeres y 79 varones que no habían sufrido maltrato. Los resultados pusieron de manifiesto que, independientemente de la situación de desprotección infantil en la que se encontrasen, los jóvenes víctimas de maltrato infantil mostraban mayores dificultades de adaptación social y escolar que los jóvenes que no habían sufrido maltrato en la infancia.

  13. COSTA RICA EN LA ENCRUCIJADA: LOS LÍMITES DEL AJUSTE ESTRUCTURAL Y LOS URGENTES DESAFÍOS DE LA REFORMA ECONÓMICA Y SOCIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Manuel Mora Jiménez

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Aunque en Costa Rica no se ha seguido en los últimos quince años una política económica neoliberal a ultranza, sino una “a la tica”; todo el debate económico y el accionar del sector público durante este período ha sido permeable a la lógica del ajuste estructural. Pero la actual encrucijada obliga a “tirios y troyanos”, a críticos y defensores del ajuste, a superar este enfoque aún predominante. Independientemente de los logros y fracasos acumulados desde 1983 hasta la fecha, en el campo económico y social, el país debe, urgentemente, realizar un “viraje estratégico”, pues la sensación de estancamiento o lento crecimiento de los últimos años se ha convertido en cruda realidad, con el agravante de que ya no podemos seguir viviendo del pasado. En el texto se aborda la problemática nacional en las siguientes cinco áreas:Estabilidad macroeconómica: sin ser artificial, continúa siendo frágil, dependiente en alto grado de la entrada de capitales externos y arrastrando una crisis fiscal latente que recurrentemente estalla. Esto en gran parte se explica por los rasgos de inestabilidad estructural que aun persisten.Gobernabilidad y Reforma del Estado: el estilo de gobernabilidad moldeada durante el período 1950-1975 ya no es viable, y la vacilante reforma del Estado está contribuyendo solo de manera precaria a construir nuevas formas de gobernabilidad acordes con las exigencias de las modernas sociedades democráticas. La gran tarea por delante es reconstruir un Estado estratégico y solidario; que facilite la irrupción de la sociedad civil en la vida pública nacional.Transformación productiva y competitividad: avanza, pero sin un rumbo claro y seguro, pues se adolece de una estrategia nacional de desarrollo de la competitividad internacional, que supere prácticas anticuadas de intervención estatal y viejos pero maquillados dogmas antiestatales que conducen a visiones parciales sobre el papel de las empresas y del

  14. The remuneration and performance evaluation of Spanish innovative firms; La retribucion y la evaluacion del desepeno en empresas innovadoras espanolas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Camelo Ordaz, C.; Fernandez Alles, M. L.; Valle Cabrera, R.

    2010-07-01

    This paper reviews the theoretical basis about the agency problem and the governance mechanisms utilised in order to reduce it. After explaining briefly other mechanisms to reduce agency problem, the paper focuses on the role of board of directors, analysing its functions and responsibilities. Finally, we explore the boards of directors of a Spanish sample over the period of 2004 through 2008, showing the fulfilment's degree of Unified Code's recommendations of 2006. (Author) 44 refs.

  15. Capacidade máxima de adsorção de fósforo e constante de energia em Latossolo Bruno em razão de diferentes ajustes do modelo Langmuir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clovisson Menotti Boeira de Oliveira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A capacidade máxima de adsorção de fósforo (CMAP é um parâmetro bastante útil para caracterizar a capacidade de adsorção de fósforo (P do solo e, por isso, o modelo de Langmuir, que possibilita essa estimativa, é bastante difundido. Porém, se o ajuste da equação for realizado por modelos não lineares ou linearizados, ou se forem escolhidos modelos de região única ou múltiplas, nem sempre os valores estimados da CMAP e da constante de energia de ligação (k são semelhantes. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito do uso de diferentes métodos de ajuste do modelo de Langmuir sobre os valores estimados de CMAP e k. Para isso, utilizouse um único solo de alta capacidade de adsorção de P, o qual foi misturado a quantidades crescentes de areia lavada, construindo-se sistemas com capacidades de sorção crescentes, mas com a fase sólida constituída da mesma mineralogia. Foi utilizado solo do horizonte B de um Latossolo Bruno com 800 g kg-1 de argila, o qual foi misturado com areia em quantidades para obterem-se solos artificiais com 0, 200, 400, 600 e 800 g kg-1 de argila. Esses solos artificiais foram incubados por 30 dias com calcário para elevar o pH(H2O até 6,0 e, após, foram secos em estufa e peneirados. Foram realizadas as isotermas de adsorção e os dados ajustados pelo modelo de Langmuir, usando os seguintes métodos: NLin - não linear com região única; L-1R - linearização com região única; L-2RG - linearização com duas regiões, ajuste gráfico; L-3RG - linearização com três regiões, ajuste gráfico; L-2RE linerização com duas regiões, ajuste estatístico. Os resultados evidenciaram que todos os métodos utilizados estimaram valores de CMAP proporcionais ao teor de argila dos solos e poderiam ser usados para caracterizar os solos. Contudo, quando utilizados ajustes com mais de uma região de adsorção, os valores da CMAP para a última região foram sensivelmente superiores

  16. Ajustes nos movimentos de alcançar e apreender objetos: impacto da Síndrome de Down Adjustments in the movements of reaching for and grasping objects: the impact of Down Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Martins dos Santos

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: verificar a influência das propriedades dos objetos nos ajustes realizados por lactentes típicos e com Síndrome de Down (SD dos quatro aos oito meses de idade ao alcançar e apreender objetos. MÉTODOS: 16 lactentes, avaliados uma vez ao mês dos 4 aos 8 meses, sendo oito típicos e oito com SD. Quatro objetos esféricos (maleável grande, maleável pequeno, rígido grande e rígido pequeno foram apresentados, e os cinco primeiros movimentos válidos foram registrados para análise das variáveis: ajuste proximal (uni e bimanual, ajuste distal (orientação da palma, abertura da mão e apreensão do objeto. RESULTADOS: os lactentes típicos apresentaram mais ajuste bimanual para objetos grandes aos seis e oito meses e os com SD aos sete meses. Quanto aos ajustes distais, os lactentes típicos variaram seu comportamento enquanto os com SD apresentaram uso predominante da posição oblíqua. Em geral, o grupo típico apresentou maior sucesso na apreensão dos objetos rígidos e maleável pequeno quando comparados aos lactentes com SD. CONCLUSÕES: Os lactentes com SD apresentaram menor variedade de ajustes o que levou a um menor sucesso na apreensão, possivelmente devido a restrições intrínsecas da SD.OBJECTIVES: to verify the influence that properties of objects have on the reaching and grasping adjustments made by infants with and without Down syndrome (DS between four to eight months of age. METHODS: 16 infants, eight typical and eight with DS, were evaluated once a month from months 4 to 8. Four spherical objects (large soft, small soft, large hard and small hard were offered and the first five valid movements were recorded for analysis of the variables: proximal adjustment (uni- and bimanual, distal adjustments (palm orientation, hand opening and grasping of the object. RESULTS: the typical infants displayed greater bimanual adjustment for large objects at six and eight months and those with DS at seven months. As for distal

  17. El ajuste entre la estrategia competitiva y la estrategia de innovación tecnológica: Su implicación en el resultado de la empresa

    OpenAIRE

    González Moreno, Ángela

    2011-01-01

    A pesar de la importancia de la innovación tecnológica en la obtención de la ventaja competitiva, las relaciones entre la estrategia competitiva y la estrategia de innovación no han sido tratadas en profundidad. Esta tesis pone de manifiesto la necesidad del buen acoplamiento entre estos dos tipos de estrategia, proporcionando evidencia empírica acerca de como el ajuste entre ambas repercute positivamente en el resultado. El análisis aplicado a empresas del sector industrial de la electrón...

  18. Estudio de las primeras consultas en un Centro de Salud Mental (II). Características clínicas, sucesos vitales, ajuste y apoyo social, motivación y expectativas.

    OpenAIRE

    Oscar Martínez Azumendi; Miriam Beitia; Karmelo J Araluce; José M Ayerra; Carlos Cela; Jorge Grijalvo; José Ignacio Mendezona; Dolores Azkunaga; Patricia Insúa

    1997-01-01

    Proyecto de evaluación de 749 consultas consecutivas durante año y medio en un Centro de Salud Mental Comunitario. Se presentan las características y diferencias por sexos en relación con la sintomatolog��a diagnóstico, valoración global de la gravedad del caso, ajuste social, autoestima y apoyo social percibido. Además se describe el número y tipo de sucesos vitales referidos en los 6 meses anteriores, así como motivación y expectativas que traen al servicio.

  19. El papel de la categorización social y las diferencias sociodemográficas en la autoestima, el ajuste y el bienestar psicológicos de una muestra de inmigrantes

    OpenAIRE

    José Andrés Peña-Pinzón; Carmen Gómez-Berrocal; Antonio Fernández-Parra

    2014-01-01

    Se explora el efecto de la saliencia de la categorización social inmigrante y su interacción con diferencias sociodemográficas (nivel de estudios, situación laboral, sexo) de los sujetos, en ajuste psicológico, bienestar psicológico y autoestima. 210 inmigrantes de origen sudamericano, residentes en las provincias de Granada y Almería, fueron distribuidos en dos condiciones experimentales: "saliencia baja/alta de la categorización social inmigrante". Encontramos efecto de la manipulación sobr...

  20. Validez del modelo bidimensional de socialización parental en diferentes entornos sociales de la cultura española : implicaciones para el ajuste psicosocial de los adolescentes

    OpenAIRE

    Fuentes Durán, María del Castillo

    2014-01-01

    Durante las últimas décadas, la literatura empírica ha demostrado en repetidas ocasiones la influencia que tienen las diferentes formas de actuación de los padres en el proceso de socialización en el ajuste psicológico y social de los hijos. La investigación en torno a la socialización familiar se ha basado tradicionalmente en el modelo teórico de dos grandes dimensiones teóricamente independientes (aceptación/implicación y severidad/imposición, Darling y Steinberg, 1993; Maccoby y Martin...

  1. Reviews

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-11-01

    CD-ROM REVIEW (551) Essential Physics BOOK REVIEWS (551) Collins Advanced Science: Physics, 2nd edition Quarks, Leptons and the Big Bang, 2nd edition Do Brilliantly: A2 Physics IGCSE Physics Geophysics in the UK Synoptic Skills in Advanced Physics Flash! The hunt for the biggest explosions in the universe Materials Maths for Advanced Physics

  2. Teorías e hipótesis de régimen aplicadas al estudio de ajuste dinámico de los cauces aluviales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conesa García, Carmelo

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Geomorphic approaches to describe and explain the equilibrium alluvial river channel form, and another approache porpuses to stable «regime» channel design, have relied on simple equations relating channel dimensions to sediment grain-size, gradient and discharge. These equations are either empirical «hydraulic geometry» equations, obtained from regression analysis of the main variables sampled in natural rivers, or «rational» regime equations derived from physical theory of hydraulics and sediment transport. In this work several theories and hypothesis on the river regime are shown in order to explain the dynamic adjustments of channels in connection with environmental changes: i theory of unit stream power, ii minimum energy dissipation rate , iii dispersive-force model, iv concepts of boundary shear stress and critical bank shear, v other regime relationships. Finally, the last part is devoted to the application of the regime theories in arid and semi-arid environments, by considering it a complex aspect, of great interest in the hydro-morphologic context and until the moment little studied.

    Las aproximaciones geomórficas para describir y explicar la forma de equilibrio de un cauce fluvial y los métodos propuestos para el diseño de cauces de «régimen » estable han contado siempre con ecuaciones simples que relacionan las dimensiones del cauce con el tipo de sedimento, pendiente y caudal. Estas ecuaciones son ecuaciones empíricas de «geometría hidráulica», obtenidas a partir del análisis de regresión de variables relevantes muestreadas en cursos de agua naturales o ecuaciones «racionales » de régimen derivadas a partir de la teoría física sobre hidráulica y transporte de sedimentos. En este trabajo se muestran diferentes teorías e hipótesis de régimen para explicar el ajuste dinámico de los cauces aluviales en relación con los cambios ambientales: i teoría de energía por unidad de corriente, ii tasa m

  3. Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Chemical Education, 1987

    1987-01-01

    Provides a review of both the Apple and IBM versions of ENZPACK, a software package which is designed to assist in the teaching of enzyme kinetics in courses where this topic is treated in some depth. (TW)

  4. Review

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2012-03-29

    Mar 29, 2012 ... The present review documents an overview of speciation mediated through behavioural ...... The Drosophila model (New York: Oxford University Press) .... second part of his big species book written from 1856–1858. (New ...

  5. Ensuring fair levels of executive directors’ remuneration: Regulation and use of principles against the use of detailed legal rules in determining the most effective approach for setting executive pay levels. A discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ewgeni Hersonski

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to present arguments concerning the fair levels of executive directors’ remuneration. It is argued that principles are a better way to achieve this goal. However, we also find arguments in support of detailed legal rules when dealing with this matter. Since both methods have their pros and cons the paper delivers a balanced discussion and also outlines how the executive pay is currently regulated in the UK, the United States as well as on the global scale.

  6. Review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Van Den Hazel, H B; Kielland-Brandt, Morten; Winther, Jakob R.

    1996-01-01

    The yeast vacuole, which is equivalent to the lysosome of higher eukaryotes, is one of the best characterized degradative organelles. This review describes the biosynthesis and function of yeast vacuolar proteases. Most of these enzymes are delivered to the vacuole via the early compartments...

  7. Reviews

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Adema, Frits

    1995-01-01

    This is the second volume of a revision of Tabernaemontana (Apocynaceae). The volume covers the New World species (44) and the genus Stemmadenia (10 species). This part of the revision of Tabernaemontana comes up to the high standards set in the first volume [see the review by Leenhouts, Blumea 38

  8. Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Science Teacher, 1989

    1989-01-01

    Reviews a software planetarium package called "Sky Travel." Includes two audiovisuals: "Conquest of Space" and "Windows on Science: Earth Science"; and four books: "Small Energy Sources: Choices that Work,""Stonehenge Complete,""Uneasy Careers and Intimate Lives: Women in Science…

  9. REVIEW

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-03-01

    Mar 1, 2012 ... narrowing the gap between recommended treatment protocols in ... for pregnant women is complicated by the need to take into account the health and safety of both the ... meta-analysis as at July 2011 (which reviews the APR and other ... 0.82 - 3.18) and relative risk of birth defects in EFV-containing ART.

  10. Review

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Review. J. Astrophys. Astr., Vol. 36, No. 4, December 2015, pp. 623–634 ..... 4000 K ≤ T ≤ 10000 K. The processes (1b) are characterized in this paper via ..... Mihajlov, A. A., Sreckovic, V. A., Ignjatovic, L. M., Klyucharev, A. N. 2012, J. Cluster.

  11. Review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kalkman, C.; Adema, F.

    1998-01-01

    This book intends (according to the preface) to afford at once a review, a general outline of what has been accomplished, and a set of signposts for the future. It attempts to do so in three sections on Origin and Diversification of Primitive Land Plants (4 papers), Origin and Diversification of

  12. Review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wilde, de W.J.J.O.

    1994-01-01

    This review marks the appearance of Volume II, after the publication of Volume I, Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms, in 1990; several more volumes are expected in the future before completion of the Vascular plants as a whole. The present volume contains 73 families out of some 250-500 families which

  13. Modifier le cadre participatif pour résoudre un problème client : exemples d’ajustement opéré par les professionnels dans les interactions en centre d’appels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colón De Carvajal Isabel

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Si, dans les interactions de service en centre d’appels, la conversation principale est celle engagée entre l’appelant et l’appelé, une multitude d’autres interactions caractérise le travail des opérateurs. Cet article présente une étude linguistique sur les interactions entre les opérateurs du centre d’appels LocBike, qui propose l’accès à des vélos en libre service dans une grande ville française, et les clients, qui empruntent ces vélos et appellent le centre en cas de problèmes. Ces interactions ont la particularité d’être menées autour d’objets technologiques, afin d’interagir avec le client et traiter son dossier. L’accès à cet environnement d’interactions téléphoniques médiées par ordinateur permet d’analyser la résolution du problème client du point de vue de l’opérateur, et d’observer que ce travail se réalise parfois en collaboration avec son collègue co-présent dans son environnement immédiat. Les professionnels opèrent alors des ajustements par rapport au dispositif de communication, ou s’ajustent eux-mêmes à ce dispositif, pendant l’interaction principale avec le client, ce qui tend à modifier le cadre participatif. L’objectif de notre travail est d’analyser les pratiques des professionnels lors de modifications du cadre participatif, et ce, dans le but de résoudre un problème client. A travers des exemples de collaboration, nous étudierons les formes d’ajustement que les professionnels mettent en place par rapport au dispositif de communication, modifiant ainsi temporairement le cadre participatif.

  14. Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip Barker

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available There were two copy-editing blunders in Clive Betts's review, in ALT-J 5 (3, of Shirley Fletcher's Designing Competence-Based Training, one in paragraph 2 line 1, the other in paragraph 3 line 8. The errors (the result of the Editor, Gabriel Jacobs, trying to perform a final proof of the journal at lightning speed in order to meet the printing deadline, and not of any mistake on the part of either Philip Barker or the University of Wales Press hardly affected meaning, but the fact that they appeared in a review of a book on competence makes the embarrassment all the more telling. The Editor apologizes, and thanks eagle-eyed readers. He has decided to read the book in the hope that such errors will not recur.

  15. Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilma D'Ambrosio

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In the wake of the great interest raised by Maurizio Gabrieli’s review of the book Musical Networks. Parallel Distributed Perception and Performance (various authors; edited by Niall Griffith and Peter M. Todd, MA: MIT Press, Cambridge, 1999 which appeared in our last issue of Analitica, the present review section no longer follows the format used up to now but offers a survey of texts dedicated to the relationship between music analysis and technology. This decision was also made as a result of the request for more information on the subject by many of our readers. In coming issues we plan to extend this bibliography and comment on at least some of the most interesting texts published in recent years, among which we would immediately like to draw attention to the important work by Baroni, Dalmonte and Jacoboni published in 1999 (Le regole della musica. Indagine sui meccanismi della comunicazione, Torino, I Manuali EDT/SIdM, 1999.

  16. Ajuste de modelos estocásticos lineares e não-lineares para a descrição do perfil longitudinal de árvores Fitting linear and nonlinear stochastic models to describe longitudinal tree profile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Machado Pires

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Os modelos polinomiais são mais difundidos no meio florestal brasileiro na descrição do perfil de árvores devido à sua facilidade de ajuste e precisão. O mesmo não ocorre com os modelos não-lineares, os quais possuem maior dificuldade de ajuste. Dentre os modelos não-lineares clássicos, na descrição do perfil, podem-se citar o de Gompertz, o Logístico e o de Weibull. Portanto, este estudo visou comparar os modelos lineares e não lineares para a descrição do perfil de árvores. As medidas de comparação foram o coeficiente de determinação (R², o erro-padrão residual (s yx, o coeficiente de determinação corrigido (R²ajustado, o gráfico dos resíduos e a facilidade de ajuste. Os resultados ressaltaram que, dentre os modelos não-lineares, o que obteve melhor desempenho, de forma geral, foi o modelo Logístico, apesar de o modelo de Gompertz ser melhor em termos de erro-padrão residual. Nos modelos lineares, o polinômio proposto por Pires & Calegario foi superior aos demais. Ao comparar os modelos não-lineares com os lineares, o modelo Logístico foi melhor em razão, principalmente, do fato de o comportamento dos dados ser não-linear, à baixa correlação entre os parâmetros e à fácil interpretação deles, facilitando a convergência e o ajuste.Polynomial models are most commonly used in Brazilian forestry for taper modeling due to its straightforwardly fitting and precision. The use of nonlinear regression classic models, like Gompertz, Logistic and Weibull, is not very common in Brazil. Therefore, this study aimed to verify the best nonlinear and linear models, and among these the best model to describe the longitudinal tree profile. The comparison measures were: R², syx, R²adjusted, residual graphics and fitting convergence. The results pointed out that among the non-linear models the best behavior, in general, was given by the Logistic model, although the Gompertz model was superior compared with the Weibull

  17. Avaliação de marcapasso unicameral de ajuste automático de freqüência de pulso mediado por movimentação corporal

    OpenAIRE

    Brofman,Paulo R; Loures,Danton R. da Rocha; Rossi,Paulo R. F; Ardito,Roberto V; Greco,Osvaldo T; Braile,Domingo M; Sant'Anna,João R; Lucchese,Fernando A; Kalil,Renato A. K; Eloy,Ricardo; Barros,Rubens T; Andrade,José Carlos S; Pesarini,Aldo; Gauch,Paulo R. A

    1987-01-01

    Quarenta e oito pacientes com marcapasso unicameral de ajuste automático de freqüência de pulso mediado por movimentação corporal (AAI-R/VVI-R) foram avaliados através da eletrocardiografia dinâmica, para correlacionar a atividade física com a variação da freqüência de estímulos e teste ergométrico em esteira (pareados e randomizados em modo AAI/VVI e modo AAI-R/VVI-R), para quantificar a capacidade de realizar esforço físico, um mês após o implante do gerador de pulso Activitrax 8400. A idad...

  18. Influência do tamanho e da rigidez dos objetos nos ajustes proximais e distais do alcance de lactentes Influence of object size and rigidity on proximal and distal adjustments to infant reaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NACF Rocha

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXTUALIZAÇÃO: Estudos têm identificado que as propriedades dos objetos induzem os ajustes no alcance; no entanto, poucos investigaram a influência específica do tamanho e rigidez dos objetos em lactentes jovens. OBJETIVO: Verificar se lactentes de 4 a 6 meses realizam ajustes proximais e distais ao alcançarem objetos de diferentes tamanhos e rigidez. MÉTODOS: Nove lactentes saudáveis foram posicionados em uma cadeira inclinada a 50º. Quatro objetos foram apresentados, um rígido grande (RG, um rígido pequeno (RP, um maleável grande (MG e um maleável pequeno (MP, por um período de 1 minuto cada. Em um total de 384 alcances, foram analisados os ajustes proximais (alcance uni e bimanual e distais (orientação da mão horizontal, vertical e oblíqua; mão aberta, fechada e semi-aberta e o sucesso do alcance dos objetos. RESULTADOS: Constatou-se ajuste bimanual para o objeto RG e unimanual para os demais. A orientação da mão oblíqua foi predominante no toque dos objetos, enquanto para a preensão dos mesmos, a predominância foi a vertical, principalmente para o objeto RG. A orientação horizontal não foi observada na preensão do objeto RG. A mão semi-aberta foi mais freqüente no início do alcance para todos os objetos, enquanto no toque do objeto RG a mão aberta foi predominante. O sucesso do alcance foi maior para os objetos maleáveis (MG, MP do que para os rígidos (RG e RP. CONCLUSÃO: Lactentes jovens estudados são capazes de planejar e ajustar seus movimentos baseados na percepção das propriedades físicas dos objetos, o que sugere interação percepção-ação.BACKGROUND: Studies have identified that object properties lead to adjustments to reaching. However, few have investigated the specific influence of object size and rigidity among young infants. OBJECTIVE: To verify whether four to six-month-old infants make proximal and distal adjustments when reaching for objects of different sizes and rigidity. METHOD

  19. Um Estudo sobre a Governança Corporativa e o Nível de Atendimento aos Critérios de Evidenciação do Ajuste a Valor Presente em Empresas de Construção e Transporte

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    Juliana Gonçalves de Araújo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa tem como objetivo verificar a relação do nível de governança com o atendimento aos critérios de evidenciação dispostos no CPC 12, referente às práticas do Ajuste a Valor Presente, nas empresas do setor de Construção e Transporte listadas na BM&FBovespa entre os anos de 2008 a 2012. No entanto, foram excluídas algumas empresas, por estas não apresentarem indícios, em quaisquer dos anos, da realização do Ajuste a Valor Presente. Assim, a amostra deste estudo foi composta por 72 companhias, as quais evidenciaram, seja em Nota Explicativa ou em conta de Balanço Patrimonial, indício da prática de Ajuste a Valor Presente. Foi possível verificar que as divulgações realizadas estão aquém das propostas pelo CPC 12, e que as mudanças ocorridas no processo de ajuste são pouco divulgadas, constituindo um cenário que pouco se modifica. O único item que sofreu uma grande elevação de atendimento foi o da divulgação das práticas gerais de Ajuste a Valor Presente em Notas Explicativas, principalmente no ano de 2010, devido à compulsoriedade da aplicação das normas contábeis nas entidades de capital aberto. O item que menos foi atendido referiu-se à evidenciação dos modelos de cálculos para aplicação do Ajuste a Valor Presente. Apesar da descrição do item objeto do Ajuste a Valor Presente ter grande representatividade, as entidades ainda necessitam divulgar melhor as premissas, montante e horizonte temporal destes. Também foi possível observar, através do uso do teste Exato de Fisher, uma relação entre o nível de governança e o nível de atendimento, onde aquelas que pertencem ao Novo Mercado se apresentam mais propensas a evidenciar melhor suas informações, enquanto as que não estão enquadradas nos níveis de governança apresentam um nível de atendimento insatisfatório.

  20. Ajuste social em pacientes com transtorno afetivo bipolar, unipolar, distimia e depressão dupla Social disability in patients with bipolar and unipolar affective disorders, dysthymia and double depression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana M Tucci

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Dados internacionais mostram que os transtornos afetivos têm uma prevalência de, aproximadamente, 11,3% da população. Além disso, são uma das doenças que mais geram perdas sociais e nos relacionamentos familiares. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o ajuste social e familiar de pacientes com transtornos afetivos (bipolar, unipolar, distimia e com depressão dupla, comparando o resultado entre as categorias diagnósticas, além de verificar quais variáveis estão associadas e conduzem ao pior ajuste. MÉTODOS: Foram feitos a caracterização socioeconômica e demográfica e um levantamento dos dados de evolução e de história da doença por meio de um questionário elaborado para essa finalidade. Para a avaliação de ajuste social, utilizou-se a Escala de Avaliação da Incapacitação Psiquiátrica (DAS/OMS, 1998. O relacionamento familiar foi avaliado pelo Global Assessment of Relational Functioning Scale (GARF/APA, 1994. Foram estudados 100 pacientes em tratamento, por pelo menos seis meses, no Ambulatório de Psiquiatria da Faculdade de Medicina Unesp, Botucatu, SP. RESULTADOS/CONCLUSÕES: Com predomínio de mulheres, a maioria dos pacientes tinha no mínimo dois anos de seguimento, idade acima de 50 anos, baixa escolaridade e nível socioeconômico baixo. Não houve diferença estatística significativa quanto aos dados socioeconômicos e demográficos. Na análise de regressão logística, o diagnóstico e o relacionamento familiar tiveram papel significativo no resultado de ajustamento social. Os pacientes unipolares e os distímicos tiveram melhores resultados no ajustamento social e no relacionamento familiar do que os bipolares e aqueles com depressão dupla.OBJECTIVES: International data show that affective disorders have a prevalence of 11.3% in the general population. Besides that, they are responsible for social dysfunctioning and family relationship distress. The aim of this study was to assess social and

  1. RETIRO LABORAL Y AJUSTE A LA JUBILACIÓN DE HOMBRES Y MUJERES EN LA MEDIANA EDAD (WORK RETIREMENT AND ADJUSTMENT TO RETIREMENT OF MEN AND WOMEN IN THE MIDDLE-AGED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cruz Meléndez Roxana

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:En este artículo se presentan los resultados de una investigación aplicada cuyo objeto de estudio fue un grupo de hombres exfuncionarios y mujeres exfuncionarias del área administrativa de la Universidad de Costa Rica (UCR que se encuentran en la etapa de vida denominada “la mediana edad” y que enfrentan el proceso trabajo-retiro laboral. El estudio consistió en identificar los principales factores que inciden en el retiro laboral a una edad más temprana; la viviencia del proceso, el ajuste a la jubilación y sus implicaciones a nivel personal y social. La información recopilada se obtuvo a partir de la técnica “la entrevista fenomenológica” concebida como una exploración profunda que proporciona datos de gran valor conceptual y humana; en ella, tanto la persona que entrevista como la entrevistada mantienen un compromiso para que la búsqueda de la información sea dentro de una relación empática. Partiendo de lo subjetivo por su historia de vida al mandato social por lo roles asignados y asumidos por la población en estudio. Los resultados obtenidos indican que pareciera que la valoración que cada uno de los participantes hace de su rol laboral y el significado del trabajo en sus vidas es determinante en el proceso de retiro laboral y su ajuste al rol de persona jubilada.Abstract: This article presents the results of applied research study that was aimed at a group of men and women, former administrative staff of the University of Costa Rica that are in the stage of life called middle age and facing work-retirement process work. The study consist in identify the main factors affecting the removal from work at a younger age, the experiencing process, adjustment to retirement and its implications for personal and social level. Information collected was obtained from the technique "the phenomenological interview “conceived as a deep exploration that provides valuable data conceptual and human, in her interview both

  2. Programa de ajuste multiparamétrico de curvas de titulação potenciométricas de ácidos húmicos Multiparametric adjustment program of potentiometric titration curves of humic acids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clausius Duque Gonçalves Reis

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Tendo em vista a dificuldade de determinação dos pontos de inflexão na curva de titulação potenciométrica de ácidos húmicos, por metodologias tradicionais, foi desenvolvido foi desenvolvido um programa na linguagem Delphi para ajuste multiparamétrico de dados de titulação potenciométrica. Para isso um processo iterativo para estimar as raízes de um polinômio, com base no método de Newton-Raphson, foi utilizado. Os dados das titulações potenciométricas de ácidos húmicos usados nas regressões foram obtidos em um sistema automatizado de titulação potenciométrica. O programa desenvolvido na linguagem Delphi permite maior versatilidade e facilidade de operação, com uma interação mais amigável com o usuário. As curvas de titulação potenciométricas ajustadas sobrepuseram-se quase que totalmente às curvas experimentais. Os valores de pKa e as percentagens de grupos tituláveis dos ácidos húmicos, parâmetros ajustáveis na regressão multiparamétrica, apresentaram valores comparáveis com dados da literatura.Regarding the difficulty of determining the inflection points in the potentiometric titration curve of humic acids by means of traditional methodologies, a Delphi program a Delphi program was developed for the multiparametric data adjustment in potentiometric titration. For this purpose, an iterative process was used, based on the Newton-Raphson method to estimate the roots of a polynomial. The humic acid potentiometric titration data, used in regressions, were obtained in an automated system of potentiometric titration. The program developed in Delphi language features greater versatility, ease of operation and better interaction with the user. The adjusted potentiometric titration curves overlap the experimental curves almost entirely. The pKa values and percentages of titrable groups of humic acids extracted from soil, adjustable parameters in the multiparametric regression, were comparable with those reported

  3. A tecnologia da informação como suporte ao ajuste da previsão da demanda: um estudo de caso em uma empresa de bebidas carbonatadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Pereira Salgado Junior

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available A gestão da cadeia de suprimentos é um problema que sempre instigou gestores por todo o mundo, ademais os modelos de previsão da demanda tradicionais não mais satisfazem os novos desafios da gestão dos estoques e da ruptura. Assim, novas soluções foram desenvolvidas, buscando-se melhorar os níveis de serviço prestados ao consumidor final. Dentre elas, destaca-se a utilização da TI que, por disponibilizar a informação em tempo real, pode contribuir para o ajuste dos modelos tradicionais de previsão da demanda. Desta forma, o objetivo desta pesquisa é analisar como a TI pode ajudar o segmento de bebidas a ajustar sua previsão de demanda. O método de pesquisa utilizado foi o estudo de caso, analisando uma empresa de bebidas carbonatadas, escolhida por conveniência. Para análise dos dados, utilizou-se a técnica de análise de conteúdo. Como principais resultados destacam-se melhorias no nível dos estoques, na ruptura e no nível de serviço.

  4. Ajuste empírico da curva de calibração do termopar Chromel-Alumel através de calçuladoras programáveis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klemensas Rimgaudas Juraitis

    1982-11-01

    Full Text Available Computation of polynomial regression with precision is possible with some programmable calculators. In this paper, a program of a polynomial regression, using a Texas 77-59 pocket calculator, is presented in a didactic manner. The method is exemplified by means of fitting data of a curve of calibration for Chromel-Alumel thermocouple in the temperature range between CR c and J. 2009 C.Uma regressão polonomial pode ser utilizada com precisão, utilizando-se certas calculadoras programáveis. No presente trabalho apresenta-se, da maneira didática, um programa de regressão polinomial, usando-se uma calculadora programável Texas Tl-59, exemplificando-se o método através do ajuste de uma curva de calibração de um termopar Chromel-Alumel na faixa de temperatura de 0 a 1200 graus centígrados.

  5. Sistemas homogéneos de ecuaciones diofánticas. Resolución y aplicación al ajuste automático de reacciones químicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Recuero, Alfonso

    1984-06-01

    Full Text Available An algorithm to solve systems of linear homogeneous diophantine equations is given here. Subsequently, as an example of application, a method of heuristic search for the best solution is described; this fulfils certain conditions within an infinite space of solutions of various dimensions. Finally, an application of the algorithm and of the process of heuristic search for the best solution in adjusting chemical reactions is described. The listing in BASIC of the program of application mentioned is included, for the HP-75 portable computer.

    Se presenta un algoritmo de resolución de sistemas de ecuaciones diofánticas lineales y homogéneas. Seguidamente y como ejemplo de aplicación se describe un método de búsqueda heurística de una solución óptima que cumpla unas ciertas condiciones dentro de un espacio infinito de soluciones de varias dimensiones. Por último se describe la aplicación del algoritmo y del procedimiento de búsqueda heurística para el caso de ajuste de reacciones químicas. Se incluye el listado en BASIC del programa para el ordenador HP-75.

  6. A multicentre prospective randomised study of single-incision mini-sling (Ajust®) versus tension-free vaginal tape-obturator (TVT-O™) in the management of female stress urinary incontinence: pain profile and short-term outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mostafa, Alyaa; Agur, Wael; Abdel-All, Mohamed; Guerrero, Karen; Lim, Chi; Allam, Mohamed; Yousef, Mohamed; N'Dow, James; Abdel-fattah, Mohamed

    2012-11-01

    To compare the postoperative pain profile, peri-operative details, and short-term patient-reported and objective success rates of single-incision mini-slings (SIMS) versus standard mid-urethral slings (SMUS). In a multicentre prospective randomised trial in six UK centres in the period between October 2009 and October 2010, 137 women were randomised to either adjustable SIMS (Ajust®, C. R. Bard Inc., NJ, USA), performed under local anaesthesia as an opt-out policy (n=69), or SMUS (TVT-O™, Ethicon Inc., Somerville, USA) performed under general anaesthesia (n=68). Randomisation was done through number-allocation software and using telephone randomisation. Postoperative pain profile (primary outcome) was assessed on a ten-point visual analogue scale at fixed time-points. Pre- and post operatively (4-6 months) women completed symptom severity, urgency perception scale (UPS), quality of life and sexual function questionnaires. In addition, women completed a Patient Global Impression of Improvement Questionnaire and underwent a cough stress test at 4-6 months follow up. Sample size calculation was performed and data were analysed using SPSS 18. Descriptive analyses are given and between-group comparisons were performed using chi-square, Fischer exact test and Mann-Whitney test as appropriate. Significance level was set at 5%. Women in the SIMS Ajust® group had a significantly lower postoperative pain profile up to 4 weeks (p=TVT-O™ groups respectively. There was a trend towards higher rates of de novo urgency or worsening of pre-existing urgency in the SIMS Ajust® group (21.7% versus 8.8%) but this did not reach statistical significance (p=0.063). Women in the SIMS Ajust® group had shorter hospital stay (median (IQR) 3.65 (2.49, 4.96)) compared to (4.42 (3.16, 5.56)) the TVT-O™ group 95% CI (-0.026, 1.326), with significantly earlier return to normal activities (p=0.025) and to work (p=0.006). The adjustable single-incision mini-sling (Ajust®) is associated

  7. Ajuste do modelo fototérmico de estimativa do desenvolvimento e do índice de área foliar de soja Adjustment of the photothermic model to estimate soybean development and leaf area index

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neila T. Toledo

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Visou-se neste estudo, realizar o ajuste do modelo de estimativa do desenvolvimento de populações de soja e da variação do índice de área foliar para a variedade IAS 5. Como fonte de variação na velocidade de desenvolvimento, diferentes épocas de plantio foram utilizadas em experimentos nos anos agrícolas de 2004/2005 (três datas e 2005/2006 (quatro datas no IRDeR (Instituto Regional de Desenvolvimento Rural localizado em Augusto Pestana, RS (28º 27' 17" S e 53º 54' 50" W, nos quais foram identificadas as datas em que ocorreram as principais fases do desenvolvimento da cultura da soja, seguindo a Escala Fenológica de Fehr & Caviness e estimados o índice de área foliar em quatro momentos: no final do período de instalação da população vegetal (V6; no início do florescimento (R1; início do enchimento de grãos (R5; e no início da maturação (R7. As variáveis meteorológicas temperaturas mínima e máxima diárias foram coletadas. Após o ajuste dos coeficientes genéticos, o modelo foi formatado no programa Stella 5.0. O modelo de estimativa do desenvolvimento da soja teve desempenho satisfatório, apresentando estimativas precisas para os dados que o determinaram. O modelo de estimativa do índice de área foliar apresentou estimativas satisfatórias.The present study was carried out to adjust the soy population development model and the leaf area index model for the IAS 5 cultivar. Different sowing dates were used in two experiments as source of development variation during 2004/2005 (three dates and 2005/2006 (four dates in the IRDeR (Instituto Regional de Desenvolvimento Rural located in Augusto Pestana, in the State of Rio Grande do Sul (28º 27' 17" S and 53º 54' 50" W. The main crop development phases were identified according to the Feher & Caviness phenological scale, and the leaf area index was determined in four occasions: at the final period of plant population installation (V6; at the beginning of flowering

  8. Ajuste de metodologia da eletroforese de proteínas para obtenção de fenótipos isoenzimáticos de moranga Adjustment of the methodology of protein electrophoresis to obtain isozymatic phenotypes of pumpkin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Teixeira do Amaral Júnior

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Modificações no procedimento eletroforético foram introduzidas para uma satisfatória obtenção de fenótipos isoenzimáticos de moranga (Cucurbita maxima Duchesne. Extratos de folhas definitivas de oito acessos de moranga foram submetidos à análise eletroforética para revelação dos seguintes sistemas: esterase (EST; fosfatase ácida (ACP; transaminase do glutamato oxaloacetato (GOT, desidrogenase do malato (MDH e peroxidase (PO. Os resultados apontaram a ineficiência do tampão extrator utilizado e satisfatória qualidade do gel de amido de milho nas resoluções dos sistemas EST, ACP, GOT e MDH. Para o sistema PO, adequado efeito de peneiramento molecular só foi possível com a utilização do amido hidrolisado de batata (Sigma. Ajustes no tempo de cozimento do gel, manuseio da corrente elétrica, preparo de soluções corantes e tempo de revelação indicaram os melhores protocolos ao pro-cedimento eletroforético.Changes in the electrophoresis procedures were introduced to obtain a better isozymatic phenotypes of pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima Duchesne. Extracts of eight access of pumpkin's leaves were subjected to electrophoresis analysis in order to reveal the following systems: esterase (EST, acid phosphatase (ACP, glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (GOT, malato dehydrogenase (MDH and peroxidase (PO. The results pointed out the inefficiency of the extractor buffer used, and the satisfactory quality of maize starch gel electrophoresis in the resolution of EST, ACP, GOT and MDH systems. For PO system a better effect of "molecular sieving" was only possible when potato starch gel (Sigma was used. Adjusting the starch cooking time, handling the electric current, preparing the staining solutions and revealing time indicated the best protocol to the electrophoresis process.

  9. Resultados de tres años de ensayo en el ajuste de la tecnología de “Tree Row Volume” (TRV para el control de mancha negra en naranja Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HABERLE, T.J.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Actualmente, los consumidores de fruta son altamente exigentes tanto en la calidad externa como interna de la fruta. En el aspecto externo, exigen ausencia de daños causados por plagas y/o enfermedades con énfasis en aquellas consideradas cuarentenarias como es Mancha Negra (MN causada por el hongo Guignardia citricarpa Kiely. Con respecto a los aspectos internos, se considera que debe tener alta calidad organoléptica y, sobre todo, tener mínimos residuos de plaguicidas. Para contribuir con ambos objetivos, se están realizando desde hace varios años tratamientos para optimizar la dosis de fungicidas y volúmenes aplicados a lotes con frutas con destino de exportación. A tal efecto se han realizado ensayos por tres años para el ajuste del volumen de caldo a aplicar por hectárea en función del tamaño de los árboles aplicando la fórmula del TRV (“Tree Row Volume” en un lote de naranja Valencia (Citrus sinensis L. Osb. con alta incidencia de (MN. Los ensayos consistieron en la utilización de picos inyectores de aire ID instalados en turbinas de alto volumen con el fin de reducir el volumen total de caldo de modo similar al logrado con la tecnología de bajo volumen. Los resultadosobtenidos en diferentes campañas con picos ID en tratamientos reducidos al 50% en volumen ejercieron un muy buen control de la enfermedad sin diferencias significativas con respecto a los tratamientos de alto volumen convencionales. Esta estrategia permite optimizar la utilización de equipos existentes con el beneficiodel ahorro de agua, insumos y, además, sustentable con el ambiente.

  10. Canadian Library Human Resources Short‐Term Supply and Demand Crisis Is Averted, But a Significant Long‐Term Crisis Must Be Addressed. A review of: 8Rs Research Team. The Future of Human Resources in Canadian Libraries February 2005. Edmonton, AB: University of Alberta. 21 February 2007 .

    OpenAIRE

    Julie McKenna

    2007-01-01

    Objective – To examine the human resources environment in Canadian libraries in order to assess readiness to accommodate change and to identify opportunities for human resources planning. The “8Rs” of the study were defined as recruitment, retirement, retention, remuneration, repatriation, rejuvenation, re‐accreditation, and restructuring.Design – This study was undertaken in three phases over nearly three years through the use a variety of methods including literature review, analyses of exi...

  11. Decree of the 6 May 2017 defining the conditions of additional remuneration of electricity produced by electricity production installations using wind mechanical energy with a maximum of 6 wind turbines. Decree of the 9 May 2014 defining purchase and additional remuneration conditions for the electricity produced by installations using mainly biogas produced by methanization of matters resulting from urban or industrial waste water treatment. Decree of the 9 May 2017 defining purchase conditions for electricity produced by installations implanted on building and using photovoltaic solar energy, with an installed power less than or equal to 100 kilowatts as those concerned at the 3. of the article D.314-15 of the Code of Energy, and located in continental metropolitan territory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Royal, Segolene; Sapin, Michel

    2017-01-01

    This document gathers three legal texts which respectively define and eventually give elements and methods of calculation of conditions of additional remuneration or purchase of electricity produced by limited wind energy installations, by biogas-based electricity production installations, and by photovoltaic installations mounted on buildings

  12. Calibración de cámaras de tiempo de vuelo: Ajuste adaptativo del tiempo de integración y análisis de la frecuencia de modulación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Gil

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: La percepción de profundidad se hace imprescindible en muchas tareas de manipulación, control visual y navegación de robots. Las cámaras de tiempo de vuelo (ToF: Time of Flight generan imágenes de rango que proporcionan medidas de profundidad en tiempo real. No obstante, el parámetro distancia que calculan estas cámaras es fuertemente dependiente del tiempo de integración que se configura en el sensor y de la frecuencia de modulación empleada por el sistema de iluminación que integran. En este artículo, se presenta una metodología para el ajuste adaptativo del tiempo de integración y un análisis experimental del comportamiento de una cámara ToF cuando se modifica la frecuencia de modulación. Este método ha sido probado con éxito en algoritmos de control visual con arquitectura ‘eye-in-hand’ donde el sistema sensorial está compuesto por una cámara ToF. Además, la misma metodología puede ser aplicada en otros escenarios de trabajo. Abstract: The depth perception is essential in many manipulation tasks, visual inspection and robot navigation. The cameras of Time of Flight (TOF generate range images which provide depth measurements in real time. However, the distance parameter computed from these cameras is strongly dependent on the integration time set for the sensor and the frequency of modulation used by the integrated lighting system. In this paper, a methodology for automatic setting of integration time and an experimental analysis of ToF camera behavior adjusting its modulation frequency is presented. This method has been successfully tested on visual servoing algorithms with architecture ‘eye-in-hand’ in which the sensory system consists of a ToF camera, in addition this methodology can be applied to other workspaces and scenarios. Palabras clave: Tiempo de vuelo, calibración, imagen de rango, percepción robótica, cámaras 3D, Keywords

  13. LA REFORMA ECONÓMICA Y SU IMPACTO SOCIAL EN COSTA RICA DURANTE EL PERÍODO DE AJUSTE ESTRUCTURAL: apuntes críticos para el análisis

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    Rafael Arias Ramírez

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la reforma económica implementada en Costa Rica en los últimos veinticinco años como resultado de la aplicación de los programas y políticas de ajuste estructural. Para tal efecto se analiza el debate que acompañó el proceso de aprobación e implementación de los mencionados programas, el discurso de los mismos, su desempeño y algunos de sus principales efectos sociales. Esta reforma económica representó un cambio importante en el estilo de desarrollo y en las funciones del estado social vigentes desde la década de los 1950s. De ahí que resulte de gran interés analizar cuál fue el nuevo enfoque de desarrollo que se implementó a partir de la década de los años ochenta y los resultados del mismo en materia de crecimiento económico y equidad social. Esta publicación pretende servir de insumo para promover la tarea académica de repensar la política de desarrollo que la sociedad costarricense debe definir dentro del nuevo contexto de la globalización.   Abstract The objective of this article is to analyze the economic reform implemented in Costa Rica in the last twenty-five years as result of the application of the structural adjustment programs and policies. For such effect we analyze the debate that accompanied the process of approval and implementation of the mentioned programs, the speech of such, its performance and some of its main social effects. This economic reform represented an important change in the style of development and in the current functions of the social state from the decade of 1950s. Hence it results of big interest to analyze which was the new approach of development that was implemented from the decade of the eighties and the results of the same one on the subject of economic growth and social equity.This publication tries to serve as input to promote the academic task of rethinking the politics of development that the Costa Rican society must define

  14. Disputas, ajustes e acomodações na produção da agenda eleitoral: a cobertura jornalística ao Programa Bolsa Família e as eleições de 2006

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    Flávia Biroli

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Este artigo apresenta uma análise da cobertura jornalística ao Programa Bolsa Família durante as eleições presidenciais de 2006. A pesquisa abrange um total de 166 textos que mencionaram o Programa, publicados pelos jornais O Globo, O Estado de São Paulo, Folha de São Paulo e Valor Econômico entre os dias 1º de setembro e 31 de outubro de 2006. Discutimos a dinâmica de produção da agenda eleitoral, observando as disputas, ajustes e acomodações que constituem a cobertura. A análise conjunta das vozes e dos enquadramentos presentes no material permite observar aspectos relevantes das interações entre os campos da mídia e da política no contexto em que a cobertura foi realizada. As conclusões ressaltam a baixa pluralidade do noticiário, associada a representações das eleições de 2006 e da democracia brasileira que têm como aspectos centrais a estigmatização dos eleitores de baixa renda e dos beneficiários de programas sociais.Abstract: This article presents an analysis of the news about an important social program maintained by the federal government, Programa Bolsa Família, in the period of brazilian major elections of 2006. The study is based in 166 texts published in the newspapers O Globo, O Estado de São Paulo, Folha de São Paulo e Valor Econômico between September 1st and October 31st. We discuss the production of electoral agenda, observing disputes, adjustments and acommodations that constitute news coverage. The analysis of voices and framings in the texts leads to the observation of relevant aspects of the relations between media and politics at that moment. Conclusions underline the low plurality in press coverage, connected to representations of the elections of 2006 and Brazilian democracy that include stigmatization of low income voters and beneficiaries of social programs.

  15. Ajustes de funções de distribuição de probabilidade à radiação solar global no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul Adjustments of probability distribution functions to global solar radiation in Rio Grande do Sul State

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    Alberto Cargnelutti Filho

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar o ajuste das séries de dados de radiação solar global média decendial, de 22 municípios do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, às funções de distribuições de probabilidade normal, log-normal, gama, gumbel e weibull. Aplicou-se o teste de aderência de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, nas 792 séries de dados (22 municípios x 36 decêndios de radiação solar global média decendial, para verificar o ajuste dos dados às distribuições normal, log-normal, gama, gumbel e weibull, totalizando 3.960 testes. Os dados decendiais de radiação solar global média se ajustam às funções de distribuições de probabilidade normal, log-normal, gama, gumbel e weibull, e apresentam melhor ajuste à função de distribuição de probabilidade normal.The objective of this work was to verify the adjustment of data series for average global solar radiation to the normal, log-normal, gamma, gumbel and weibull probability distribution functions. Data were collected from 22 cities in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was applied in the 792 series of data (22 localities x 36 periods of ten days of average global solar radiation to verify the adjustment of the data to the normal, log-normal, gamma, gumbel and weibull probability distribution functions, totalizing 3,960 tests. The data of average global solar radiation adjust to the normal, log-normal, gamma, gumbel and weibull probability distribution functions, and present a better adjustment to the normal probability function.

  16. A mortalidade materna nas capitais brasileiras: algumas características e estimativa de um fator de ajuste Maternal mortality in Brazilian State Capitals: some characteristics and estimates for an adjustment factor

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    Ruy Laurenti

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available A mortalidade materna pode ser considerada um excelente indicador de saúde, não só da mulher, mas da população geral; mostra, também, iniqüidades. A redução da mortalidade materna é uma das principais metas, estando também incluída nas Metas do Desenvolvimento do Milênio da ONU. OBJETIVO: Conhecer a qualidade da informação da mortalidade de mulheres de 10 a 49 anos, e estimar a razão de mortalidade materna (RMM e os fatores de ajuste para os dados oficiais, no conjunto das capitais de estados brasileiros e Distrito Federal. METODOLOGIA: Adotou-se a metodologia RAMOS (a partir da declaração de óbito, entrevista no domicílio da mulher falecida, com preenchimento de questionário, sobre variáveis demográficas, epidemiológicas, clínicas e de acesso a serviços; seguiam-se consultas a prontuários médicos hospitalares e a laudos de autópsia. Após o resgate da informação, pôde ser feita análise das reais causas básicas, terminais e associadas. A população de estudo foi estimada em 7.332 mortes de mulheres de 10 a 49 anos, ocorridas no primeiro semestre de 2002, sendo 239 óbitos por causas maternas. A RMM foi de 54,3 por cem mil nascidos vivos (n.v., no conjunto de capitais, variando entre 42 por cem mil n.v. no Sul, e 73,2 por cem mil n.v. no Nordeste. O fator de ajuste para o conjunto das capitais brasileiras foi igual a 1,4; para as regiões (considerando apenas as capitais, variaram entre 1,08 na Região Norte e 1,83 na Região Sul. As mortes obstétricas diretas corresponderam a 67,1%, mostrando que assistência ao pré-natal, ao parto e ao puerpério deve ser aprimorada.INTRODUCTION: There is criticism as to the heterogeneity and reliability of mortality data in Brazilian Regions. However, official mortality statistics of State Capitals are more accurate and have adequate coverage. Reduction of maternal mortality is one of the world's major goals and it is measured by the Maternal Mortality Ratio. International

  17. Book Review: Knowledge in the Age of Digital Capitalism: An Introduction to Cognitive Materialism by Mariano Zukerfeld

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    Rainer Zimmermann

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Rainer E. Zimmermann reviews Mariano Zukerfeld's Knowledge in the Age of Digital Capitalism. An Introduction to Cognitive Materialism, University of Westminster Press, London, 2017, 272 pp., paperback and open access, gratis e-book. There are several aspects of innovative thoughts in this text as to recent developments, in particular concerning the manifold occasions of more or less hidden layers of exploitation originating in the use of digital technology, and mainly based on un-remunerated activities. All this speaks very much in favour of reading this book; only minor objections have to be made that should not prevent a profitable reading.

  18. L’exposition contrôlée à la lumière et à l’obscurité ajuste le rythme du cortisol salivaire chez les travailleurs de nuit

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    Anny Casademont

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Dans cette étude réalisée sur le terrain et en laboratoire, nous avons testé l’efficacité d’une intervention consistant à contrôler l’exposition à la lumière/obscurité de façon à favoriser l’adaptation circadienne au travail de nuit. Six travailleurs permanents de nuit (moyenne d’âge 37,1 ± σ : 8,1 ans avaient comme consigne de s’exposer de façon intermittente à une lumière blanche vive plein spectre (~2 000 lux au cours des 6 premières heures de leur quart de travail de 8 heures. Il leur était demandé de se protéger de la lumière solaire du matin avec des verres teintés (densité gris neutre, transmission visuelle de la lumière 15 % et de maintenir des épisodes réguliers de sommeil/obscurité dans une pièce très sombre. Ces épisodes devaient commencer 2 heures après la fin de chaque quart de travail de nuit. Cinq travailleurs du groupe contrôle (41,1 ± σ : 9,9 ans ont été étudiés alors qu’ils devaient uniquement maintenir un horaire régulier de sommeil/obscurité. Des procédures de routine constante, réalisées avant et après une série d’environ 12 quarts de travail de nuit s’échelonnant sur 3 semaines, ont montré chez les travailleurs du groupe traitement une variation significative dans l’heure d’apparition du pic de cortisol ainsi qu’un ajustement de ce rythme à un horaire de travail de nuit. Un plus petit changement de phase a été observé dans le groupe contrôle, ce qui suggère une adaptation partielle à l’horaire de travail de nuit. Nos résultats démontrent l’efficacité d’une exposition judicieuse à la lumière et à l’obscurité pour favoriser l’adaptation des rythmes physiologiques au travail de nuit.The efficacy of a light/darkness intervention designed to promote circadian adaptation to night shift work was tested in this combined field and laboratory study. Six permanent night shift workers (mean age: 37.1 / s: 8.1 years were instructed to

  19. Avaliação de marcapasso unicameral de ajuste automático de freqüência de pulso mediado por movimentação corporal Evaluation of the activity mode rate variable pulse generator

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    Paulo R Brofman

    1987-12-01

    Full Text Available Quarenta e oito pacientes com marcapasso unicameral de ajuste automático de freqüência de pulso mediado por movimentação corporal (AAI-R/VVI-R foram avaliados através da eletrocardiografia dinâmica, para correlacionar a atividade física com a variação da freqüência de estímulos e teste ergométrico em esteira (pareados e randomizados em modo AAI/VVI e modo AAI-R/VVI-R, para quantificar a capacidade de realizar esforço físico, um mês após o implante do gerador de pulso Activitrax 8400. A idade média dos pacientes era de 46 anos e a etiologia predominante da arritmia que motivou o implante era a miocardiopatia chagásica. O eletrocardiograma ambulatorial mostrou modificações apropriadas na freqüência cardíaca (exceto em 1 paciente, que permaneceu em ritmo sinusal. Teste ergométrico no modo AAI-R/VVI-R mostrou elevação significativa na freqüência cardíaca com relação ao valor médio controle: de 66,9+0,8 ppm para 84,6+2,1 ppm aos 14 minutos 90,5*2,8 ppm aos 6 minutos e 95,7+2,9 ppm aos 8 minutos (P To evaluate the physiologic benefits of the rate response estimulation, 48 patients were submited to a 24 hours Holter recording and paired tolerance treadmill test (AAI VVI and AAI-R/VVI-R modes, selected in random order one month after implantation of an activity sensing pacemaker Activitrax 8400. Mean age of the patients was 46 years and indications for pacing included atrial arrhythmias (16 patients or A-V conduction disturbances (32 patients, including 25 with complete A-V block. The underlying disease was Chagas cardiomiopathy, in 32 patients. Initial pacemaker setting was: basic rate: 60 or 70 ppm; maximum activity rate: 125 ppm; activity threshold: medium, rate response: 5. The 24 hours Holter recording documented appropriate changes in heart during daily activities. Oversensing, which resulted in pacing interval fluctuations, was diagnosed in two patients and required pacemaker reprograming. Treadmill test showed a

  20. Avaliação estrutural da escala de ajustamento diádico Evaluacíon de la escala de ajuste conyugal Structural assessment of the dyadic adjustment scale

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    José Augusto Evangelho Hernandez

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a Escala de Ajustamento Diádico respondida por uma amostra não-probabilística de homens e mulheres brasileiros que estavam em relacionamento amoroso de diversos tipos. Os 542 sujeitos foram recrutados em diversos locais de Porto Alegre/RS e região metropolitana. Através da técnica estatística Análise Fatorial, este estudo realizou um exame da estrutura da escala. Os resultados obtidos foram comparados com o estudo original de construção do instrumento e outras confirmações subseqüentes. Através da comparação dos escores médios dos diferentes tipos de casais da amostra atual se pôde verificar o poder discriminativo do instrumento e, além disso, foi examinada sua fidedignidade. Apareceram evidências que dão razoável suporte à versão brasileira do instrumento para sua utilização na pesquisa e na clínica psicológica.El propósito del estudio presente fue evaluar la Escala de Ajuste Conyugal contestada por una muestra non-probabilistic de hombres y mujeres brasileños que estuvieron implicados con relaciones de amor de varias clases. Los 542 sujetos fueron reclutados en varios sitios en Porto Alegre/RS y su área metropolitana. Con la técnica de estadística del análisis factorial, este estudio examinó la estructura de la escala. Los resultados fueron comparados a la construcción original del instrumento y de otras confirmaciones subsecuentes. Comparando las puntuaciones promedio de las clases diferentes de parejas de la muestra presente, podemos verificar el poder discriminatorio del instrumento, además de esto, su fiabilidad fue examinada también. Pruebas mostradas, del apoyo razonable a la versión brasileña del instrumento para su uso en la investigación y en clínica de psicología.The Dyadic Adjustment Scale answered by a non-probabilistic sample of Brazilian males and females involved in different types of love relationships is assessed. The 542 subjects were recruited in

  1. Ajustamento psicológico e perspectiva de velhice pessoal em adultos com deficiência física Ajuste psicológico e la perspectiva percibida del envejecimiento personal en adulto y adultos moyores con discapacidad física Psychological adjustment and personal aging perspective in adults and older adults with physical disability

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    Marineia Crosara de Resende

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Foram investigadas relações entre senso de ajustamento psicológico e perspectiva de velhice em adultos e idosos com deficiência física. Participaram 90 pessoas, de ambos os sexos, com idade entre 25 e 84 anos, que responderam aos instrumentos: questionários sociodemografico e sobre a deficiência física; Inventário Sheppard de Atitudes em Relação à Velhice Pessoal; Escala de Desenvolvimento Pessoal (ajustamento psicológico. Os índices de ajustamento pessoal foram de moderados a altos, mas as mulheres pontuaram mais baixo. Para toda a amostra, quanto maior o senso de ajustamento, mais positiva a perspectiva de velhice pessoal. Os com deficiência congênita e os mais ajustados psicologicamente mostraram perspectivas mais positivas de velhice pessoal. Concluiu-se que envelhecer com uma deficiência física é um processo que exige competência adaptativa e resiliência aos eventos de vida e aos desafios acarretados pela deficiência.Realizamos una investigación para analizar las relaciones entre el ajuste psicológico y la perspectiva percibida del envejecimiento personal en adulto y adultos mayores con discapacidad física. Materiales y método: 90 participantes, ambos géneros, adultos con 25 a 84 respondieron a cuestionarios contestados pidiendo la información sobre características socio demográficas y discapacidad; el inventario de Sheppard de actitudes acerca del propio envejecimiento; y una escala que determina el ajuste psicológico percibido. Resultados: Los índices del ajuste personal eran moderados y altos. Las mujeres tenían las cuentas más bajas. Había correlaciones positivas observadas entre el ajuste psicológico positivo y las actitudes positivas acerca del propio envejecimiento. Los que tenían discapacidad congénita y el ajuste psicológico más alto divulgado demostraron perspectivas más positivas del envejecimiento personal. Conclusión: El envejecer con discapacidad física es un proceso complejo que

  2. Executive Remuneration and the Payout Decision

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geiler, P.H.M.; Renneboog, L.D.R.

    2014-01-01

    We analyze the payout channel choice of listed UK firms and examine whether the choice between dividends, share repurchases, a combination of payout channels, or complete earnings retention is affected by investor sentiment, taxation, major shareholder ownership, and in particular the CEO’s

  3. Determinants of plasma donation: A review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beurel, A; Terrade, F; Lebaudy, J-P; Danic, B

    2017-09-01

    The major contribution of Human Sciences in the understanding of the whole blood donation behavior has been through the study of individuals' motivations and deterrents to donate. However, if whole blood donation has been very widely studied in the last sixty years, we still know very little about plasma donation in voluntary non-remunerated environments. Yet, the need for plasma-derived products has been strongly increasing for some years, and blood collection agencies have to adapt if they want to meet this demand. This article aims to review the main motivations and deterrents to whole blood donation, and to compare them with those that we already know concerning plasma donation. Current evidence shows similarities between both behaviors, but also differences that indicate a need for further research regarding plasma donation. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier SAS.

  4. [Pay for performance in dental care: A systematic narrative review of quality P4P models in dental care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chenot, Regine

    2017-11-01

    Pay for performance (P4P) links reimbursement to the achievement of quality objectives. Experiences with P4P instruments and studies on their effects are available for the inpatient sector. A systematic narrative review brings together findings concerning the use and the effects of P4P, especially in dental care. A systematic literature search in PubMed and the Cochrane Library for reimbursement models using quality indicators provided 77 publications. Inclusion criteria were: year of publication not older than 2007, dental sector, models of quality-oriented remuneration, quality of care, quality indicators. 27 publications met the inclusion criteria and were evaluated with regard to the instruments and effects of P4P. The database search was supplemented by a free search on the Internet as well as a search in indicator databases and portals. The results of the included studies were extracted and summarized narratively. 27 studies were included in the review. Performance-oriented remuneration is an instrument of quality competition. In principle, P4P is embedded in an existing remuneration system, i.e., it does not occur in isolation. In the United States, England and Scandinavia, models are currently being tested for quality-oriented remuneration in dental care, based on quality indicators. The studies identified by the literature search are very heterogeneous and do not yield comparable endpoints. Difficulties are seen in the reproducibility of the quality of dental care with regard to certain characteristics which still have to be defined as quality-promoting properties. Risk selection cannot be ruled out, which may have an impact on structural quality (access to care, coordination). There were no long-term effects of P4P on the quality of care. In the short and medium term, adverse effects on the participants' motivation as well as shifting effects towards the private sector are described. A prerequisite for the functioning of P4P is the definition of clear

  5. Medication reviews led by community pharmacists in Switzerland: a qualitative survey to evaluate barriers and facilitators

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    Niquille A

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: 1 To evaluate the participation rate and identify the practical barriers to implementing a community pharmacist-led medication review service in francophone Switzerland and, 2 To assess the effectiveness of external support.Methods: A qualitative survey was undertaken to identify barriers to patient inclusion and medication review delivery in daily practice among all contactable independent pharmacists working in francophone Switzerland (n=78 who were members of a virtual chain (pharmacieplus, regardless of their participation in a simultaneous cross-sectional study. This study analyzed the dissemination of a medication review service including a prescription and drug utilization review with access to clinical data, a patient interview and a pharmaceutical report to the physicians. In addition, we observed an exploratory and external coaching for pharmacists that we launched seven months after the beginning of the cross-sectional study. Results: Poor motivation on the part of pharmacists and difficulties communicating with physicians and patients were the primary obstacles identified. Lack of time and lack of self-confidence in administering the medication review process were the most commonly perceived practical barriers to the implementation of the new service. The main facilitators to overcome these issues may be well-planned workflow organization techniques, strengthened by an adequate remuneration scheme and a comprehensive and practice-based training course that includes skill-building in pharmacotherapy and communication. External support may partially compensate for a weak organizational framework.Conclusions: To facilitate the implementation of a medication review service, a strong local networking with physicians, an effective workflow management and a practice- and communications-focused training for pharmacists and their teams seem key elements required. External support can be useful to help some pharmacists improve their

  6. Aspectos determinantes do posicionamento corporal no ciclismo: uma revisão sistemática Aspects determinants of body positioning for cycling: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Francisco Kleinpaul

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Através de revisão sistemática, fez-se um levantamento de estudos que tratam do posicionamento corporal adequado para o ciclismo. Para isso, buscou-se por referências em língua Portuguesa e Inglesa, nas bases de dados LILACS, ScienceDirect, SciELO e MEDLINE. Os descritores utilizados para a busca dos artigos foram: posicionamento corporal + ciclismo; ajuste + bicicleta; postura + ciclismo; body positioning + cycling; bicycle fitting; cycling posture. Foram considerados artigos originais, de revisão simples, dissertações de mestrado e livros que tratassem de forma clara e objetiva o assunto, desde que publicados entre 1993 e 2009 (outubro. No total 20 estudos atenderam esses requisitos. De modo geral, estes sugerem que o conhecimento e habilidade para ajustar a bicicleta são úteis, no entanto, mesmo existindo protocolos para o ajuste adequado da bicicleta ao ciclista, os estudos denotam que a maioria dos ciclistas ainda as utiliza de forma errônea. Isso sugere a dificuldade de acesso aos estudos.By means of systematic review a surveying of English and Portuguese language studies concerning the expected body positioning for improvement of cycling. Search engines used were LILACS, ScienceDirect, SciELO and MEDLINE. The keywords used to find relevant papers were: posicionamento corporal + ciclismo; ajuste + bicicleta; postura + ciclismo; body positioning + cycling; bicycle fitting; cycling posture. Original papers, short review papers, master thesis and books published from 1993 to 2009 (October were considered when the main subject of discussion was the topic of interest. A total of 20 studies were considered. In general, the studies suggest that is will be useful to know about the bicycle fitting. Even so protocols for body positioning evaluation are available, most of studies concluded that cyclists are not able to use this protocol correctly. It suggests the difficult to access studies.

  7. 78 FR 41130 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-09

    ... seq.) (the ``Investment Company Act'') deems a remuneration as ``not exceeding the usual and customary... company's (``fund's'') board of directors has adopted procedures reasonably designed to provide that the remuneration to an affiliated broker is a reasonable and fair amount compared to that received by other brokers...

  8. Remuneração estratégica e pacote de benefícios: um estudo de caso aplicado ao nível operacional de uma multinacional Strategic remuneration and benefits package: a case study applied at the operational level of a multinational

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Gheno

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Keeping good professionals has been one of the main objectives of companies, especially those who add value and dedicate their time and efforts to achieve the company goals. In order to retain these professionals, companies have looked for new remunerations, besides the traditional one, known as strategic remuneration, along with a wide fringe of other benefits. In this way, the present study aims to identify the satisfaction level of its operational employees concerning the types of strategic remuneration and the package of benefits adopt by a multinational company in the metropolitan area of  Porto Alegre. The methodology presented in this monograph was based on a case study in the company mentioned before, which prefers not be identified. Theinformation was raised through some descriptive research of qualitative nature, through a semi-structured interview with an employee from the human resources area who clarified the key point for the study development and for the quantitative research. This research was applied through a questionnaire with operational employees and aims to identify if they know the strategic remuneration programs and the package of benefits offered by the company and also identify if they are used to participating in some of them.Reter bons profissionais, que agreguem valor e se dediquem ao alcance dos objetivos da empresa, vem sendo uma constante nas organizações. Para reter esses profissionais, as organizações têm procurado novas formas de remuneração, conhecidas como remuneração estratégica, além de um amplo pacote de benefícios. Nesse sentido, este trabalho tem como objetivo identificar o nível de satisfação dos funcionários do nível operacional com relação às formas de remuneração estratégica e ao pacote de benefícios adotados em uma multinacional localizada na região metropolitana de Porto Alegre, a qual preferiu não ser identificada. A metodologia utilizada foi o estudo de caso, e a

  9. Development of a module for taking remuneration under the Renewable Energy Law into account in a model for calculating the economic efficiency of smart electricity grids; Entwicklung eines Moduls zur Beruecksichtigung der EEG-Verguetung in einem Rechenmodell zur Wirtschaftlichkeitsbetrachtung von intelligenten Stromnetzen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ludwig, Maximilian Uwe; Toprani, Vipul; Witte, Frank

    2014-07-01

    The enactment of the Law Giving Priority to Renewable Energies (EEG) in 2000 laid the cornerstone for the transformation of the German electricity supply. Since then the proportion of renewable energy in electricity production has grown dramatically, confronting the German network infrastructure, which was initially designed for a centralised supply system, with new problems and challenges. In order to achieve optimal coordination between volatile energy infeeds, electricity storage plants and consumers it is necessary to bring all components involved together in a smart grid. A small-scale grid of this description is currently being operated and investigated on the EUREF Campus in Berlin Schoeneberg. The task of achieving optimal allocation of energy flows and getting the micro smart grid to run accordingly, i.e. at a profit, poses new challenges to all involved. To be able to determine the economic efficiency of smart grids a calculation model was developed which simulates the operation of production and storage plants and takes the behaviour of real consumers into account. The model rates the profitability of investments made in terms of their capital value. In its current version the model still disregards the legal regulations for the remuneration of electricity produced from a mix of renewable resources. These cannot be considered as physically separate in a smart grid. In the present study a module based on EEG provisions was developed which calculates remuneration rates as a function of production and demand at a given moment. This is one of several factors which influence the economic efficiency of smart grids. The study undertakes to identify these factors and describe their influence on the profitability of the total investment.

  10. Why not nursing? A systematic review of factors influencing career choice among healthcare students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, L T; Low, M M J; Tan, K K; Lopez, V; Liaw, S Y

    2015-12-01

    A global shortage of healthcare professionals calls for effective recruitment and retention strategies. The nursing profession faces greater staffing shortages compared with other healthcare professions. Identifying these factors for choosing a career in health care is an important step in structuring future nursing recruitment strategies. This systematic review examined the motivations for choosing a career in health care, then compared them to factors that influence the choice to pursue a career in nursing. A literature search of the CINAHL, PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus databases for articles published between 2002 and 2013 was conducted. The search included studies that focused on factors influencing career choice among undergraduate medicine, dentistry, pharmacy and nursing students. A total of 29 papers were included in the review. The themes and subthemes that emerged from this review included: (1) intrinsic factors, including a desire to help others and a personal interest in health care, (2) extrinsic factors, such as financial remuneration, job security, professional prestige and job autonomy, (3) socio-demographic factors such as gender and socio-economic status, and (4) interpersonal factors, encompassing the influence of family and other professional individuals. Healthcare professionals were generally motivated by intrinsic factors. However, public perceptions of nursing as a low-paying and low-status job have significantly hindered the participants' choice to pursue it as a career. Nursing institutions could provide more platforms to help school leavers better understand the nursing career. In turn, hospital administrators could invite parents to nursing career fairs, increase financial remuneration for nurses, and provide decision-making avenues aimed at recruiting and retaining more nurses. © 2015 International Council of Nurses.

  11. Ajuste do modelo de Schumacher e Hall e aplicação de redes neurais artificiais para estimar volume de árvores de eucalipto Adjustment of the Schumacher and Hall model and application of artificial neural networks to estimate volume of eucalypt trees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mayra Luiza Marques da Silva

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se, neste trabalho, avaliar o ajuste do modelo volumétrico de Schumacher e Hall por diferentes algoritmos, bem como a aplicação de redes neurais artificiais para estimação do volume de madeira de eucalipto em função do diâmetro a 1,30 m do solo (DAP, da altura total (Ht e do clone. Foram utilizadas 21 cubagens de povoamentos de clones de eucalipto com DAP variando de 4,5 a 28,3 cm e altura total de 6,6 a 33,8 m, num total de 862 árvores. O modelo volumétrico de Schumacher e Hall foi ajustado nas formas linear e não linear, com os seguintes algoritmos: Gauss-Newton, Quasi-Newton, Levenberg-Marquardt, Simplex, Hooke-Jeeves Pattern, Rosenbrock Pattern, Simplex, Hooke-Jeeves e Rosenbrock, utilizado simultaneamente com o método Quasi-Newton e com o princípio da Máxima Verossimilhança. Diferentes arquiteturas e modelos (Multilayer Perceptron MLP e Radial Basis Function RBF de redes neurais artificiais foram testados, sendo selecionadas as redes que melhor representaram os dados. As estimativas dos volumes foram avaliadas por gráficos de volume estimado em função do volume observado e pelo teste estatístico L&O. Assim, conclui-se que o ajuste do modelo de Schumacher e Hall pode ser usado na sua forma linear, com boa representatividade e sem apresentar tendenciosidade; os algoritmos Gauss-Newton, Quasi-Newton e Levenberg-Marquardt mostraram-se eficientes para o ajuste do modelo volumétrico de Schumacher e Hall, e as redes neurais artificiais apresentaram boa adequação ao problema, sendo elas altamente recomendadas para realizar prognose da produção de florestas plantadas.This research aimed at evaluating the adjustment of Schumacher and Hall volumetric model by different algorithms and the application of artificial neural networks to estimate the volume of wood of eucalyptus according to the diameter at breast height (DBH, total height (Ht of the clone. For such, 21 scalings of stands of eucalyptus clones were used with

  12. Elasto-plastic hardening models adjustment to ferritic, austenitic and austenoferritic Rebar; Ajuste de los aceros corrugados ferríticos, austeníticos y austenoferríticos a los modelos de endurecimiento elastoplástico por deformación

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hortigóna, B.; Gallardo, J.M.; Nieto-García, E.J.; López, J.A.

    2017-09-01

    de Rasmussen presentando un exponente de valor 6 realizando un ajuste libre de la función correspondiente. Para los aceros inoxidables Dúplex se obtienen muy bajos ajustes para los dos modelos citados.

  13. Unified fit of solar and atmospheric neutrinos: towards the MNSP matrix; Ajustements globaux des resultats des experiences de neutrinos solaires et atmospheriques: vers la determination de la matrice de melange des neutrinos (dite MNSP)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-01-01

    Present solar and atmospheric neutrino give a strong indication that neutrinos oscillate between the three active species. This is the first step towards the determination of their mass. But we have also to determine the 3 x 3 neutrino mixing matrix (3 angles and one or several phases linked to CP violation), called MNSP (Maki-Nakagawa-Suzuki-Pontecorvo) and similar to the quark mixing matrix, called CKM (Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa). The purpose of the colloquium (one day) is to give an overview of the present situation and what progresses are expected in the forthcoming years. 3 guidelines: pedagogical approach, critical review of the experimental situation and of the different analyses, lookout to the future. (author)

  14. 76 FR 38430 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-30

    ... disadvantages of the loan arrangement; and all commissions, discounts, and other remuneration received and to [email protected] ; and (ii) Thomas Bayer, Director/Chief Information Officer, Securities and Exchange...

  15. Southern African Business Review - Vol 19, No 2 (2015)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Global assessment of internal audit competence: Does one size fi t all? ... The effect of remuneration committees, directors' shareholding and institutional ... Risk management in higher education: An open distance learning perspective · EMAIL ...

  16. Comparação de alguns modelos matemáticos para ajuste à curva de lactação média de um rebanho da raça Caracu Comparison of some mathematical models for the adjustment of the average milking curve of caracu breed herd

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenira El Faro

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available No presente estudo foi estimada a curva de lactação média de 7239 lactações de vacas da raça Caracu, com base em 299.949 controles semanais. As funções ajustadas aos dados médios da curva de lactação foram Linear Hiperbólica e Quadrática Logarítmica, como lineares, e Gama Incompleta e Polinomial Inversa, como não-lineares. Os parâmetros foram estimados por meio de processos iterativos, método de Gauss-Newton. O Coeficiente de Determinação ajustado (R²A, o Teste de Durbin-Watson (DW e os desvios (% entre as produções totais (PTL observadas e estimadas foram usados como medida da qualidade do ajuste. Os resíduos estimados, apesar de pequenos, apresentaram correlação serial positiva, pois o teste DW foi significativo para as quatro funções estudadas, indicando violação da pressuposição de independência entre estes resíduos. Os R²A foram superiores a 97% e os desvios entre as PTL observadas e estimadas, mínimos, indicando que, de acordo com estes critérios, qualquer função poderia ser usada para ajustar a curva de lactação média desse rebanho. Quanto aos componentes da curva, a melhor aproximação foi obtida pela função Polinomial Inversa, para produção inicial, tempo e produção no pico. As funções Gama Incompleta e Quadrática Logarítmica apresentaram ajustes semelhantes, porém a primeira apresentou melhor definição dos parâmetros e componentes da curva de lactação.The present study was carried out to estimate the average lactation curve of 7239 lactations of Caracu cows based on 299,949 weekly records. The functions fitted to the mean data of the lactation curve were: Linear Hyperbolic and Logarithmic Quadratic as linear and Incomplete Gamma and Inverse Polynomial function as non-linear. The parameters were estimated by iterative methods, Gauss-Newton method. The adjusted Coefficient of Determination (R²A, the Durbin-Watson test (DW and the deviations (% from actual and predicted total milk

  17. Efecto del ajuste estructural sobre la situación de salud en América Latina y el Caribe, 1980-2000 The effect of structural adjustment on health conditions in Latin America and the Caribbean, 1980-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Franco-Giraldo

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Evaluar el impacto del ajuste estructural sobre los indicadores de salud en América Latina y el Caribe durante el período de 1980-2000. MÉTODOS: Se trata de un estudio ecológico. Los datos del gasto público y del producto interno bruto per cápita (PIBpc se tomaron del Banco Mundial y los de la esperanza de vida (EV y mortalidad infantil (MI, de la Organización Mundial de la Salud. El ajuste estructural (adelgazamiento del Estado se evaluó mediante el cambio en el consumo de gobierno (la reducción del gasto público en los países de América Latina y el Caribe en la década de 1980-1990. El cambio en los indicadores de salud se midió por la variación porcentual de la EV y la MI. Se compararon estas variaciones en América Latina y el Caribe con las observadas en diferentes grupos de países de otras regiones del mundo durante el período de 1980-2000. Se determinaron las asociaciones entre la reducción del gasto público y los indicadores de salud mediante la prueba de Pearson. Para estimar el efecto de los cambios sobre la salud se construyó un modelo de regresión lineal multifactorial ajustado según el PIBpc. RESULTADOS: Se observó una ralentización del incremento de la EV y del descenso de la MI en América Latina y el Caribe, especialmente en la década de 1980-1990. Se encontraron asociaciones significativas entre la variación de los indicadores de salud y el cambio del gasto público en todos los grupos de países analizados. Al ajustar el modelo de regresión múltiple, las asociaciones solo se mantuvieron en América Latina y el Caribe. CONCLUSIONES: En la década de 1980, el ajuste de las políticas macroeconómicas tuvo un efecto negativo sobre los indicadores sociales, específicamente sobre los relacionados con la situación de salud en América Latina y el Caribe. Estos efectos se siguieron observando durante la década siguiente.OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of structural adjustment on health

  18. Five-Yearly Review 2010 : Confirmation that our salaries are going downhill

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2010-01-01

    A general review of our financial and social conditions takes place every five years: “the five-yearly review”, whose principles and procedures are described in Annex A1 of the Staff Rules and Regulations. The purpose of the five-yearly review is to ensure that the financial and social conditions offered by the Organization allow it to recruit and retain from all its Member States staff members of the highest competence and integrity required for the execution of its mission. The five-yearly review must include basic remuneration (the basic salaries of staff members, the stipends of fellows, and the subsistence allowances of associated members of the personnel) and may include any other financial or social conditions. Start of the 2010 five-yearly review and data collection As we wrote in Echo no. 80, CERN Council approved the document CERN/2862 for the 2010 five-yearly review (hereinafter 2010 5YR) at its meeting on 19th June 2009. This was the Management’s proposal which...

  19. Incertidumbre y ajuste por las cantidades en the General Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Herrera, Adolfo

    2009-01-01

    Robert Clower desarrolla una interpretación de la crítica de Keynes al funcionamiento de la economía capitalista en la cual la incertidumbre explica la incapacidad del sistema para alcanzar un equilibrio en todos los mercados, y en particular en el mercado de trabajo. El incumplimiento del principal supuesto de la economía neoclásica, la información perfecta, hace que la tasa de interés pierda su papel regulador y el sistema la capacidad de ajustarse instantáneamente a través de movimientos d...

  20. Gasto y servicios públicos: Efectos del ajuste presupuestal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Correa

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Entre la crisis de la deuda de 1982 y el presente, las políticas económicas del Consenso de Washington (CW, han sido obedecidas de forma continua e ininterrumpida en México. Las tres generaciones de estas políticas recomendadas-impuestas, que han buscado recuperar la capacidad de pago de la deuda, privatizar las empresas estatales, y abrir y desregular la economía nacional, han seguido los intereses de los acreedores privados y las empresas en expansión en la región, que a la vez han debilitado la empresa local, las instituciones públicas y a la clase política en general. El principio fundamental del CW mas dañino ha sido el mantenimiento del equilibrio fiscal. Sin embargo, la creencia en la necesidad del equilibrio fiscal también es el elemento del CW que más ha penetrado las ideologías, tanto de izquierda como de derecha en América Latina. Después de presentar los orígenes y la trayectoria de las políticas de Washington, se destaca cómo las privatizaciones y el servicio de la deuda pública han disminuido los ingresos y gastos fiscales, dejando el Estado dependiente de los excedentes petroleros y de los servicios públicos básicos. Se analizan como tales sectores enfrentan una mayor participación de la empresa extranjera, mayor descapitalización y privatización.

  1. Ajuste psicosocial en adolescentes víctimas de cyberbullying

    OpenAIRE

    Iranzo Ejarque, Begoña

    2017-01-01

    1. INTRODUCCIÓN Los enormes y continuos avances de las nuevas tecnologías de la información y comunicación (TICs) han contribuido al desarrollo de nuevas formas de comunicación e interrelación social en la sociedad actual (Buelga y Chóliz, 2013). Pese a estas ventajas, han surgido nuevos problemas en la red como consecuencia del mal uso que algunos niños y adolescentes hacen de la TICs (Durán y Martínez, 2015; Ortega-Barón, Buelga y Cava, 2016; Rice et al., 2015). En este sentido, dest...

  2. Ajuste macro, política monetaria y empleo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Iván González

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available El artículo muestra que la política monetaria restrictiva ha sido uno de los factores que más ha incidido en el crecimiento del desempleo en Colombia durante la segunda mitad de los años noventa. La tasa de sacrificio de la política monetaria no ha sido cero, porque el costo de reducir la inflación ha sido muy elevado. La responsabilidad que tiene el manejo de la política monetaria en la crisis del sector real se hace más visible si se tiene en cuenta que no hay evidencia de que la menor demanda de trabajo esté asociada a los costos laborales y a las inflexibilidades del mercado laboral.

  3. Ajuste de particiones planas mediante diagramas de Voronoi discretos

    OpenAIRE

    García Bernal, Daniel

    2017-01-01

    La geometría computacional se centra en el diseño y análisis de algoritmos para problemas geométricos. En la última decada, esta disciplina ha atraído un enorme interés. Pero ha sido en los últimos a~nos cuando se ha incrementado el interés en una estructura geométrica, concretamente los diagramas de Voronoi. No solo por sus características y propiedades matemáticas, sino también por aparecer ampliamente relacionados con fenómenos y procesos físicos que se dan en la naturale...

  4. Remuneraciones, beneficios e incentivos laborales percibidos por trabajadores del sector salud en el Perú: análisis comparativo entre el Ministerio de Salud y la Seguridad Social, 2009 Remunerations, benefits and labor incentives perceived by health care workers in Peru: an analysis comparing the Ministry of Health and the Social Insurance, 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karim Pardo

    2011-06-01

    components during 2008 and 2009 with both professional and technical personnel of the Ministry of Health (MINSA and the Social Insurance (EsSalud in Peru. The salary structure was primarily evaluated considering incentives, bonuses and other remunerations according to position, type of contract and work place. Results. Remuneration and bonus policies at the national level are determined by the responsibilities and amount of time served. The type of contract is determined by the programs of the public system (DL 276 and the private system (DL 728, also by the Special Program of Contract Services Administration (CAS and exclusively in MINSA contracting is determined by local health administration Committees (CLAS. The salary structure differs between both types of institutions, especially with respect to incentives and benefits. An special economic incentive for assistance (AETA is unique to MINSA, but the proportion of assistance varies by region. The professionals of MINSA have lower salaries than those of EsSalud, in all types of contracts. A professional contracted through CAS generally has a lower salary than staff peers in MINSA, though this situation is reversed in EsSalud. The lowest salaries are found in contracts made through CLAS. Conclusions. The structure and salary amounts differ between MINSA and EsSalud, just as they differ by existing contracting types.

  5. Modelos de ajuste e métodos para a determinação da curva de retenção de água de um Latossolo-vermelho-amarelo Adjustment models and methods for determining the soil water retention curve of a red-yellow Latosol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanderley Andrade Costa

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available A caracterização da capacidade de retenção de água de um solo é fundamental para a descrição do fluxo de água através dele e para o adequado manejo da irrigação. São apresentadas comparações entre curvas de retenção de água do solo: ajustadas pelos modelos propostos por van Genuchten e por Hutson & Cass; obtidas pelo método do WP4 usando processo de umedecimento e de secagem; obtidas pelo método da centrífuga utilizando amostras deformadas e indeformadas; e obtidas pelo WP4 e centrífuga, usando um processo de secagem e amostra deformada. Amostras deformadas e indeformadas foram coletadas com trados específicos em um Latossolo Vermelho-Amarelo (LVA, textura argilosa. Foram determinadas as propriedades hídricas do solo necessárias à elaboração das curvas de retenção de água obtidas por análise de regressão. O modelo de van Genuchten possibilitou o melhor ajuste nas diversas situações estudadas. Considerando o processo de secagem, o teor de água útil obtido superou em 13 % o resultado do processo de umedecimento e evidenciou reduzido efeito de histerese. A amostra deformada apresentou-se com um teor de água útil superior 61,7 % ao valor obtido para a amostra indeformada. Entre os métodos estudados, verificou-se que aquele que usa o WP4 subestimou os dados obtidos pela centrífuga. Verificou-se que há diferenças entre amostra deformada e indeformada e os métodos utilizados na obtenção da curva de retenção.The characterization of the soil water retention capacity is fundamental for an adequate irrigation management and water flow description. We present comparisons of soil water retention curves adjusted in distinct ways: by the models proposed by van Genuchten and by Hutson & Cass; by the WP4 method in a wetting and drying process; by the centrifuge method using disturbed as well as undisturbed soil samples; and by the WP4 and centrifuge using a drying process and disturbed soil samples. Disturbed and

  6. Costs and remuneration of renewables in liberalized market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pezzaglia, M.

    2008-01-01

    The massive introduction of financial incentives schemes of production of energy from renewable sources result a rapid development of technology production and the market. The production costs are strongly influenced by types of technology. This studies have yet to track the costs of production [it

  7. Inherent Agency Conflict Built into the Auditor Remuneration Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morawska Sylwia

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a model for audit market interventions. The study asks whether interventions in the audit market result in excessive premiums at the cost of quality and independence. The model was tested based on a historical data sample of 1,927 companies’ fiscal year financial statements, observed for the period 2010–2013. The testing strategy combined statistical analysis of the market concentration and regression of abnormal results. The findings do not support, for the Polish market, the conclusion that the audit market is used as a leverage for consulting services. This paper discusses possibilities of systematic risk for policymakers as a result of the negative interaction between regulated and non-regulated markets.

  8. What do gastroenterology trainees want: recognition, remuneration or recreation?

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Harewood, G C

    2010-07-27

    BACKGROUND: Occupational psychologists have identified three factors important in motivating physicians: financial reward, academic recognition, time off. AIM: To assess motivators among gastroenterology (GI) trainees. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to GI trainees to assess their motivators: (1) work fewer hours for less lucrative rate, (2) reduction in salary\\/increase in hours for academic protected time, and (3) work longer hours for higher total salary, but less lucrative hourly rate. RESULTS: Overall, 61 trainees responded; 52% of trainees would work shorter hours for less lucrative rate; 60% would accept a disproportionate reduction in salary\\/increase in hours for academic protected time; 54% would work longer hours for more money but less lucrative rate. Most trainees (93%) accepted at least one scenario. CONCLUSIONS: Most GI trainees are willing to modify their job description to align with their personal values. Tailoring job descriptions according to these values can yield economic benefits to GI Divisions.

  9. What do gastroenterology trainees want: recognition, remuneration or recreation?

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Harewood, G C

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: Occupational psychologists have identified three factors important in motivating physicians: financial reward, academic recognition, time off. AIM: To assess motivators among gastroenterology (GI) trainees. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to GI trainees to assess their motivators: (1) work fewer hours for less lucrative rate, (2) reduction in salary\\/increase in hours for academic protected time, and (3) work longer hours for higher total salary, but less lucrative hourly rate. RESULTS: Overall, 61 trainees responded; 52% of trainees would work shorter hours for less lucrative rate; 60% would accept a disproportionate reduction in salary\\/increase in hours for academic protected time; 54% would work longer hours for more money but less lucrative rate. Most trainees (93%) accepted at least one scenario. CONCLUSIONS: Most GI trainees are willing to modify their job description to align with their personal values. Tailoring job descriptions according to these values can yield economic benefits to GI Divisions.

  10. Cooperating Teacher Remuneration: Where Are We? ATE Bonus Publication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Donald

    Forty college and university directors of field experiences (from 40 different states) responded to a survey on their payment practices for cooperating teachers. A wide variety of payment practices exists among the states, ranging from no payment, tuition waivers, to various amounts of money. Most directors indicated that their system of payment…

  11. British Gas: remuneration. There may be trouble ahead

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1995-01-01

    When the Chairman and Chief Executive of British Gas was awarded a huge salary increase recently, a major revolt occurred amongst 4,000 of British Gas's small shareholders. The increase was awarded despite the intense opposition because the pension funds voted with the Board. A critique is offered of the occasion, and a comparison with the rather fairer rise requested by Ofgas's Director General, the gas company regulator, who had been paid as a 3 day a week contract, but had been working six days a week. With deregulation of the gas supply market, British Gas has been under governmental pressure to publish its prices, and has been undercut by competitors. The newly developed contractural relationships in the United Kingdom gas market are very complex and, for the first time subject to legal enforcement. (UK)

  12. Sigmund Freud's practice: visits and consultation, psychoanalyses, remuneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tögel, Christfried

    2009-10-01

    This paper provides an overview of the quantitative side of the systematic records kept by Freud on his practice. He left precise records of the duration, frequency, and fees of psychoanalytic treatments. These statistics are compared with the treatment duration and frequency customary in present-day psychoanalytic practice in German-speaking countries. The results suggest that, regarding frequency and duration and their relationship, there is little difference between Freud's psychoanalytic practice and that of the present day.

  13. Remuneration, workload, and allocation of time in general practice.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berg, M.J. van den; Westert, G.P.; Groenewegen, P.P.; Bakker, D.H. de; Zee, J. van der

    2006-01-01

    Background: General Practitioners (GPs) can cope with workload by, among others, spending more hours in patient care or by spending less time per patient. The way GPs are paid might affect the way they cope with workload. From an economical point of view, capitation payment is an incentive to

  14. Factors Driving Changes To Remuneration Policy And Outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Bussin

    2004-11-01

    Die doel van hierdie studie is om die relatiewe belangrikheid van die faktore wat verandering in die vergoeding besluitnemingsbeleid dryf asook die impak wat dit op organisasie het in diepte te verstaan. Data van 148 organisasies is geanaliseer onderworpe aan streng statisiese analises. Die resultaat wys dat die mees kritieke drywers vir vergoedingsbeleid die volgende is: retensie van sleutelpersoneel, finansiële resultate en organisasie strategie. Die grootste veranderinge in vergoedsbeleid was in die volgende areas: veranderlike betaling, meriete/prestasie verwante betaling, markposisie, totale pakket en rolevaluasie/‘broadband’ beleid? Sterk korrelasie is gevind tussen die vlak van verandering in die vergoedingsbeleid en die impak op die organisasie. Dit wys onder andere uit hoe groter die verandering in vergoedingsbeleid, hoe groter die impak op die organisasie.

  15. Evaluation of methodologies for remunerating wind power's reliability in Colombia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Botero B, Sergio; Isaza C, Felipe; Valencia, Adriana

    2010-01-01

    Colombia strives to have enough firm capacity available to meet unexpected power shortages and peak demand; this is clear from mechanisms currently in place that provide monetary incentives (in the order of nearly US$ 14/MW h) to power producers that can guarantee electricity provision during scarcity periods. Yet, wind power in Colombia is not able to currently guarantee firm power because an accepted methodology to calculate its potential firm capacity does not exist. In this paper we argue that developing such methodology would provide an incentive to potential investors to enter into this low carbon technology. This paper analyzes three methodologies currently used in energy markets around the world to calculate firm wind energy capacity: PJM, NYISO, and Spain. These methodologies are initially selected due to their ability to accommodate to the Colombian energy regulations. The objective of this work is to determine which of these methodologies makes most sense from an investor's perspective, to ultimately shed light into developing a methodology to be used in Colombia. To this end, the authors developed a methodology consisting on the elaboration of a wind model using the Monte-Carlo simulation, based on known wind behaviour statistics of a region with adequate wind potential in Colombia. The simulation gives back random generation data, representing the resource's inherent variability and simulating the historical data required to evaluate the mentioned methodologies, thus achieving the technology's theoretical generation data. The document concludes that the evaluated methodologies are easy to implement and that these do not require historical data (important for Colombia, where there is almost no historical wind power data). It is also found that the Spanish methodology provides a higher Capacity Value (and therefore a higher return to investors). The financial assessment results show that it is crucial that these types of incentives exist to make viable wind projects in Colombia at US$ 2000/installed kW. With the absence of these incentives the Project's NPV would be negative before and after-taxes. Additionally, it is demonstrated that wind power projects would only be viable in Colombia if the price of CERs is at least US$ 20/CO 2 e ton. Furthermore, it is concluded that income tax exemptions are not enough to encourage wind power development in Colombia. (author)

  16. Community health worker programs in India: a rights-based review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatia, Kavita

    2014-09-01

    This article presents a historical review of national community health worker (CHW) programs in India using a gender- and rights-based lens. The aim is to derive relevant policy implications to stem attrition and enable sustenance of large-scale CHW programs. For the literature review, relevant government policies, minutes of meetings, reports, newspaper articles and statistics were accessed through official websites and a hand search was conducted for studies on the rights-based aspects of large-scale CHW programs. The analysis shows that the CHWs in three successive Indian national CHW programs have consistently asked for reforms in their service conditions, including increased remuneration. Despite an evolution in stakeholder perspectives regarding the rights of CHWs, service reforms are slow. Performance-based payments do not provide the financial security expected by CHWs as demonstrated in the recent Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) program. In most countries, CHWs, who are largely women, have never been integrated into the established, salaried team of health system workers. The two hallmark characteristics of CHWs, namely, their volunteer status and the flexibility of their tasks and timings, impede their rights. The consequences of initiating or neglecting standardization should be considered by all countries with large-scale CHW programs like the ASHA program. © Royal Society for Public Health 2014.

  17. Optimizing lay counsellor services for chronic care in South Africa: a qualitative systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petersen, Inge; Fairall, Lara; Egbe, Catherine O; Bhana, Arvin

    2014-05-01

    To conduct a qualitative systematic review on the use of lay counsellors in South Africa to provide lessons on optimizing their use for psychological and behavioural change counselling for chronic long-term care in scare-resource contexts. A qualitative systematic review of the literature on lay counsellor services in South Africa. Twenty-nine studies met the inclusion criteria. Five randomized control trials and two cohort studies reported that lay counsellors can provide behaviour change counselling with good outcomes. One multi-centre cohort study provided promising evidence of improved anti-retroviral treatment adherence and one non-randomized controlled study provided promising results for counselling for depression. Six studies found low fidelity of lay counsellor-delivered interventions in routine care. Reasons for low fidelity include poor role definition, inconsistent remuneration, lack of standardized training, and poor supervision and logistical support. Within resource-constrained settings, adjunct behaviour change and psychological services provided by lay counsellors can be harnessed to promote chronic care at primary health care level. Optimizing lay counsellor services requires interventions at an organizational level that provide a clear role definition and scope of practice; in-service training and formal supervision; and sensitization of health managers to the importance and logistical requirements of counselling. Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  18. Book Reviews

    OpenAIRE

    Elena Mancusi-Materi

    2002-01-01

    Book reviews: Helmore, K. and N. Singh, Sustainable Livelihoods – Building on the Wealth of the poor (reviewed by Elena Mancusi-Materi); Scoones, I (ed.), Dinamics and Diversity: Soil fertility and farming livelihoods in africa (reviewed by Elena Mancusi-Materi); Uphoff, N. (ed.), Agroecological Innovations – Increasing Food Production with Pariciatory Development (reviewed by Elena Mancusi-Materi); Marten, G.G., Human Ecology, Basic Concepts for Sustianable Development (reviewed by Siobhán K...

  19. Re-Viewing Peer Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flynn, Elizabeth A.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author revisits her essay, "Students as Readers of Their Classmates' Writing," by providing a review of the literature on peer review over the past three decades and comments on patterns she sees in waves of peer review research and theorizing. She describes her subsequent experience with peer review in her own classes, and…

  20. Book Review: Book review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manohar, C. S.

    2015-02-01

    The subject of the theory of vibrations has carried an aesthetic appeal to generations of engineering students for its richness of ideas, and for the intellectual challenges it offers. Also, the diverse range of its applications (covering civil, mechanical, automotive, and aerospace structures) has provided obvious motivations for its study. For most students, the subject provides, perhaps, the first encounter in substantial application of mathematical tools (differential equations, calculus of variations, Fourier/Laplace transforms, and matrix algebra) to engineering problems. The intimate relationship that the subject of mechanics has with mathematics strikes home probably for the first time. While teaching this subject, the instructor is spoilt for choice in selecting a text book and so are the students who wish to pursue a self-study of the subject. Many luminaries in the field have offered their own exposition of the subject: starting from the classics of Rayleigh, Timoshenko, Den Hartog, Bishop and Johnson, and the works of more recent vintage (e.g., the books by Meirovich, Clough, and Penzien, and works with computational flavour, such as, those by Bathe and Petyt), several works easily come to one's mind. Given this milieu, it requires a distinctive conviction to write a new book on this subject. And, here we have a book, written by a practitioner, which aims to deal with fundamental aspects of vibrations of engineering systems. The scepticism that this reviewer had on the need for having one more such book vanished as he browsed through the book and read selectively a few sections. The author's gift for elegant explanations is immediately noticeable even in such a preliminary reading. After a more careful reading, the reviewer has found this book to be insightful and he considers the book to be a welcome addition to the family of books on vibration engineering. The author has struck a fine balance between physical explanations, mathematical niceties

  1. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliraza Javaid

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Criminal Justice: An Introduction to Philosophies, Theories and Practice Reviewed by Aliraza Javaid Canadian Policing in the 21st Century: A Frontline Officer on Challenges and Changes Reviewed by Katie Cook

  2. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lise Kanckos

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Believing in Belonging: Belief & Social Identity in the Modern World by Abby Day is reviewed by Lise Kanckos.Religion and the New Atheism: A Critical Appraisal, edited by Amarnath Amarasingam, is reviewed by Mikko Sillfors.

  3. Research Review

    OpenAIRE

    Anonymous

    1983-01-01

    Research Reviewed: "The Adjustment of Nominal Interest Rates to Inflation: A Review of Recent Literature"; "Role of Government in a Market Economy"; "Economic Analysis and Agricultural Policy"; "Agricultural Research Policy"

  4. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Create Dangerously: The Immigrant Artist at Work, by Edwidge Danticat (reviewed by Colin Dayan Gordon K. Lewis on Race, Class and Ideology in the Caribbean, edited by Anthony P. Maingot (reviewed by Bridget Brereton Freedom and Constraint in Caribbean Migration and Diaspora, edited by Elizabeth Thomas-Hope (reviewed by Mary Chamberlain Black Europe and the African Diaspora, edited by Darlene Clark Hine, Trica Danielle Keaton & Stephen Small (reviewed by Gert Oostindie Caribbean Middlebrow: Leisure Culture and the Middle Class, by Belinda E dmondson (reviewed by Karla Slocum Global Change and Caribbean Vulnerability: Environment, Economy and Society at Risk, edited by Duncan McGregor, David Dodman & David Barker (reviewed by Bonham C. Richardson Encountering Revolution: Haiti and the Making of the Early Republic, by Ashli White (reviewed by Matt Clavin Red and Black in Haiti: Radicalism, Conflict, and Political Change, 1934-1957, by Matthew J. Smith (reviewed by Robert Fatton Jr. Cuba in the American Imagination: Metaphor and the Imperial Ethos, by Louis A. Pérez Jr. (reviewed by Camillia Cowling Seeds of Insurrection: Domination and Resistance on Western Cuban Plantations, 1808-1848, by Manuel Barcia (reviewed by Matt D. Childs Epidemic Invasions: Yellow Fever and the Limits of Cuban Independence, 1878-1930, by Mariola Espinosa (reviewed by Cruz Maria Nazario The Cuban Connection: Drug Trafficking, Smuggling, and Gambling in Cuba from the 1920s to the Revolution, by Eduardo Sáenz Rovner (reviewed by Ivelaw Lloyd Griffith Before Fidel: The Cuba I Remember, by Francisco José Moreno, and The Boys from Dolores: Fidel Castro’s Schoolmates from Revolution to Exile, by Patrick Symmes (reviewed by Pedro Pérez Sarduy Lam, by Jacques Leenhardt & Jean-Louis Paudrat (reviewed by Sally Price Healing Dramas: Divination and Magic in Modern Puerto Rico, by Raquel Romberg (reviewed by Grant Jewell

  5. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Abdel-Motey., C. Urfels., K. Rodriguez., J. Mardikian., J.A. Drobnicki., V. Diodato.

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available Title:(1 The Library and Information Professional’s Guide to the Internet. (2 Reinvention of the Public Library for the 21st Century. (3 Public Library Collection Development in the Information Age. (4 Making Sense of Journals in the Life Science: From Specialty Origins to Contemporary Assortment. (5 The Holocaust: Memories, Research, Reference. (6 How to Index Your Local Newspaper Using WordPerfect or Microsoft Word for Windows. (7 Effective Utilization and Management of Emerging Information Technologies. (8 Information Technology and Organizations: Challenges of New Technologies. (9 Facilities Planning for School Media and Technology Centers. (10 Libraries Without Walls 2: The Delivery of Library Services to Distance Users. (11 New International Directions in HIV Prevention for Gay and Bisexual Men. (12 Soaring to Excellence Videos: Tools of Our Trade III: Books, the Internet, and Beyond.Author:(1Reviewed by Teresa Abdel-Motey. (2Review by Claire Urfels. (3Reviewed by Dr. Ketty Rodriguez. (4Reviewed by Jackie Mardikian. (5Reviewed by John A. Drobnicki.(6Reviewed by Dr. Virgil Diodato. (7Reviewed by Dr. Lisa M. Covi. (8Reviewed by Tom Zillner. (9Reviewed by Dr. W. Bernard Lukenbill. (10Reviewed by Dr. Elizabeth Buchanan. (11Reviewed by Aisha White. (12Reviewed by Phyllis Tragash

  6. Systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Momsen, Anne-Mette Hedeager; Hald, Kathrine; Nielsen, Claus Vinther

    2017-01-01

    REVIEW OBJECTIVE/QUESTION: The objective of this review is to identify the effectiveness of expanded cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in patients diagnosed with coronary heart disease (CHD). Specifically, the review question is: What is the effectiveness of expanded CR compared to standard CR in adult...

  7. Portrait de la compression et de l'expansion de la morbidité au Canada : évolution de l'espérance de vie et de l'espérance de vie ajustée en fonction de la santé, 1994-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colin Steensma

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Notre étude visait à examiner s'il y a eu une expansion ou une compression de la morbidité au Canada, à l'échelle tant nationale que provinciale, en suivant l'évolution de l'espérance de vie (EV et de l'espérance de vie ajustée en fonction de la santé (EVAS entre 1994 et 2010. Une « compression », qui correspond à une diminution de la proportion de la vie marquée par des problèmes de santé, survient lorsque l'EVAS augmente plus rapidement que l'EV. Inversement, une « expansion », qui désigne une augmentation de la proportion de la vie marquée par des problèmes de santé, survient lorsque l'EVAS est stable ou augmente plus lentement que l'EV. Méthodologie : Nous avons estimé l'EV à l'aide des données de Statistique Canada sur la mortalité et sur la population. Nous avons utilisé les données sur la qualité de vie liée à la santé (c.-à-d. morbidité de l'Enquête nationale sur la santé de la population (1994-1999 et de l'Enquête sur la santé dans les collectivités canadiennes (2000-2010 pour calculer l'EVAS. Nous avons établi des tables de mortalité abrégées pour sept intervalles de temps correspondant aux cycles d'enquête disponibles durant la période de 1994 à 2010, ainsi que pour les deux sexes et les dix provinces canadiennes. Les tendances nationales et provinciales ont été examinées à la naissance, à 20 ans et à 65 ans. Résultats : Dans l'ensemble, nous avons constaté une hausse annuelle moyenne statistiquement significative de l'EVAS chez les deux sexes aux trois âges évalués, sauf chez les nouveau-nés de sexe féminin. L'EVAS à la naissance a augmenté en moyenne par année, entre 1994 et 2010, de 0,2 % (p = 0,08 chez les sujets de sexe féminin et de 0,3% (p < 0,001 chez ceux de sexe masculin. À l'échelle nationale, les trois groupes d'âge ont présenté une augmentation annuelle moyenne non statistiquement significative de la proportion de la vie marquée par des

  8. Book Review: Book review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegener, Daan

    Writing a biography of a complex personality and mastermind like Albert Einstein is a daunting task for any historian of science. Yet the sheer temptation of writing his biography has apparently helped to overcome scholarly scruples, as biographies of Einstein have appeared quite regularly on the market. One of them is Einstein: his Life and Universe by journalist Walter Isaacson. It is a best-seller, which is one of the reasons the book deserves a critical evaluation. Isaacson is a man of considerable repute: he has been the chairman of CNN and managing editor of Time magazine. Isaacson's Einstein is written in a style that is accessible to a wide audience. Scholars who are already familiar with Einstein's physics may still enjoy the parts of the book that deal with the relation between Einstein and the press. Indeed, the breadth of its scope is the book's major merit, as it connects the personal, scientific, public and political dimensions of Einstein's life. In this review, I discuss Isaacson's treatment of these dimensions one-by-one.

  9. Critical Review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenbaum, Ralph K.; Olsen, Stig Irving

    2018-01-01

    Manipulation and mistakes in LCA studies are as old as the tool itself, and so is its critical review. Besides preventing misuse and unsupported claims, critical review may also help identifying mistakes and more justifiable assumptions as well as generally improve the quality of a study. It thus...... supports the robustness of an LCA and increases trust in its results and conclusions. The focus of this chapter is on understanding what a critical review is, how the international standards define it, what its main elements are, and what reviewer qualifications are required. It is not the objective...... of this chapter to learn how to conduct a critical review, neither from a reviewer nor from a practitioner perspective. The foundation of this chapter and the basis for any critical review of LCA studies are the International Standards ISO 14040:2006, ISO 14044:2006 and ISO TS 14071:2014....

  10. 76 FR 56401 - Stainless Steel Bar from India: Final Results of the Antidumping Duty Administrative Review, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-13

    ... Sieves' general and administrative expense rate to exclude from the numerator the portion of the director remuneration expense reported as a selling expense; (11) we increased Hindustan's reported cost of manufacture...

  11. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The Atlantic World, 1450-2000, edited by Toyin Falola & Kevin D. Roberts (reviewed by Aaron Spencer Fogleman The Slave Ship: A Human History, by Marcus Rediker (reviewed by Justin Roberts Extending the Frontiers: Essays on the New Transatlantic Slave Trade Database, edited by David Eltis & David Richardson (reviewed by Joseph C. Miller "New Negroes from Africa": Slave Trade Abolition and Free African Settlement in the Nineteenth-Century Caribbean, by Rosanne Marion Adderley (reviewed by Nicolette Bethel Atlantic Diasporas: Jews, Conversos, and Crypto-Jews in the Age of Mercantilism, 1500-1800, edited by Richard L. Kagan & Philip D. Morgan (reviewed by Jonathan Schorsch Brother’s Keeper: The United States, Race, and Empire in the British Caribbean, 1937-1962, by Jason C. Parker (reviewed by Charlie Whitham Labour and the Multiracial Project in the Caribbean: Its History and Promise, by Sara Abraham (reviewed by Douglas Midgett Envisioning Caribbean Futures: Jamaican Perspectives, by Brian Meeks (reviewed by Gina Athena Ulysse Archibald Monteath: Igbo, Jamaican, Moravian, by Maureen Warner-Lewis (reviewed by Jon Sensbach Left of Karl Marx: The Political Life of Black Communist Claudia Jones, by Carole Boyce Davies (reviewed by Linden Lewis Displacements and Transformations in Caribbean Cultures, edited by Lizabeth Paravisini-Gebert & Ivette Romero-Cesareo (reviewed by Bill Maurer Caribbean Migration to Western Europe and the United States: Essays on Incorporation, Identity, and Citizenship, edited by Margarita Cervantes-Rodríguez, Ramón Grosfoguel & Eric Mielants (reviewed by Gert Oostindie Home Cooking in the Global Village: Caribbean Food from Buccaneers to Ecotourists, by Richard Wilk (reviewed by William H. Fisher Dead Man in Paradise: Unraveling a Murder from a Time of Revolution, by J.B. MacKinnon (reviewed by Edward Paulino Tropical Zion: General Trujillo, FDR, and the Jews of Sos

  12. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Globalization and the Po st-Creole Imagination: Notes on Fleeing the Plantation,by Michaeline A. Crichlow with Patricia Northover (reviewed by Raquel Romberg Afro-Caribbean Religions: An Introduction to their Historical, Cultural, and Sacred Traditions, by Nathaniel Samuel Murrell (reviewed by James Houk Africas of the Americas: Beyond the Search for Origins in the Study of Afro-Atlantic Religions, edited by Stephan Palmié (reviewed by Aisha Khan Òrì?à Devotion as World Religion: The Globalization of Yorùbá Religious Culture, edited by Jacob K. Olupona & Terry Rey (reviewed by Brian Brazeal Sacred Spaces and Religious Traditions in Oriente Cuba, by Jualynne E. Dodson (reviewed by Kristina Wirtz The Coolie Speaks: Chinese Indentured Laborers and African Slaves of Cuba, by Lisa Yun (reviewed by W. Look Lai Cuba and Western Intellectuals since 1959, by Kepa Artaraz (reviewed by Anthony P. Maingot Inside El Barrio: A Bottom-Up View of Neighborhood Life in Castro’s Cuba, by Henry Louis Taylor, Jr. (reviewed by Mona Rosendahl On Location in Cuba: Street Filmmaking During Times of Transition, by Ann Marie Stock (reviewed by Cristina Venegas Cuba in The Special Period: Culture and Ideology in the 1990s, edited by Ariana Hernandez-Reguant (reviewed by Myrna García-Calderón The Cubans of Union City: Immigrants and Exiles in a New Jersey Community. Yolanda Prieto (reviewed by Jorge Duany Target Culebra: How 743 Islanders Took On the Entire U.S. Navy and Won, by Richard D. Copaken (reviewed by Jorge Rodríguez Beruff The World of the Haitian Revolution, edited by David Patrick Geggus & Norman Fiering (reviewed by Yvonne Fabella Bon Papa: Haiti’s Golden Years, by Bernard Diederich (reviewed by Robert Fatton, Jr. 1959: The Year that Inflamed the Caribbean, by Bernard Diederich (reviewed by Landon Yarrington Dominican Cultures: The Making of a Caribbean Society, edited by Bernardo Vega

  13. Factors Affecting the Retention of Indigenous Australians in the Health Workforce: A Systematic Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Genevieve C. Lai

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Indigenous Australians are under-represented in the health workforce. The shortfall in the Indigenous health workforce compounds the health disparities experienced by Indigenous Australians and places pressure on Indigenous health professionals. This systematic review aims to identify enablers and barriers to the retention of Indigenous Australians within the health workforce and to describe strategies to assist with development and retention of Indigenous health professionals after qualification. Four electronic databases were systematically searched in August 2017. Supplementary searches of relevant websites were also undertaken. Articles were screened for inclusion using pre-defined criteria and assessed for quality using the Mixed Methods Assessment Tool. Fifteen articles met the criteria for inclusion. Important factors affecting the retention of Indigenous health professionals included work environment, heavy workloads, poorly documented/understood roles and responsibilities, low salary and a perception of salary disparity, and the influence of community as both a strong personal motivator and source of stress when work/life boundaries could not be maintained. Evidence suggests that retention of Indigenous health professionals will be improved through building supportive and culturally safe workplaces; clearly documenting and communicating roles, scope of practice and responsibilities; and ensuring that employees are appropriately supported and remunerated. The absence of intervention studies highlights the need for deliberative interventions that rigorously evaluate all aspects of implementation of relevant workforce, health service policy, and practice change.

  14. The European Working Time Directive: a practical review for surgical trainees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzgerald, J E F; Caesar, B C

    2012-01-01

    The European Working Time Directive (EWTD) 2003/88/EC is a Union Directive laying down minimum health and safety requirements for the organisation of working time. Originally primarily intended as labour law, its progressive introduction up to full implementation for doctors-in-training in August 2009 has substantially reduced duty-hours and caused widespread concern in surgery. Detrimental effects on the continuity of patient care, reduced availability of medical staff with associated rota difficulties, and the reduction in time for training junior doctors have been widely cited. Craft-specialities such as surgery and those providing an acute service have faced particular challenges. This review offers a practical guide for surgical trainees, explaining the European regulations in the context of current terms and conditions of doctor's employment in the UK. Information is provided on protecting training, opting-out, seeking remuneration for this, and ensuring doctors and patients are protected with appropriate medical indemnity cover in place. Copyright © 2012 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bager, Palle; Chauhan, Usha; Greveson, Kay

    2017-01-01

    of evidence is needed and the aim of this article was to systematically review the evidence of IBD advice lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A broad systematic literature search was performed to identify relevant studies addressing the effect of advice lines. The process of selection of the retrieved studies...... was undertaken in two phases. In phase one, all abstracts were review by two independent reviewers. In phase two, the full text of all included studies were independently reviewed by two reviewers. The included studies underwent quality assessment and data synthesis. RESULTS: Ten published studies and 10...... congress abstracts were included in the review. The studies were heterogeneous both in scientific quality and in the focus of the study. No rigorous evidence was found to support that advice lines improve disease activity in IBD and correspondingly no studies reported worsening in disease activity. Advice...

  16. Proactive Reviews

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolbæk, Ditte

    2014-01-01

    with solving a task. They found improved ways of doing the job and identified management challenges. They shared their experience with colleagues who did not attend the Proactive Review and addressed the management challenges to the senior management. Proactive Reviews were reported 50-100 times a year....... Valid feedback from various stakeholders improved the original design of After Action Reviews into Proactive Reviews, which is helpful for local as well as global companies to learn from experience. The educational design started with personal experience that was shared with colleagues who cooperated...

  17. Research Review

    OpenAIRE

    Anonymous

    1981-01-01

    Research Reviewed: "Global Modeling After Its First Decade"; "Monthly Food Price Forecasts"; "Costs of Marketing Slaughter Cattle: Computerized versus Conventional Auction Systems"; "Survival Strategies for Agricultural Cooperatives"

  18. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The African Diaspora: A History Through Culture, by Patrick Manning (reviewed by Joseph C. Miller Atlas of the Transatlantic Slave Trade, by David Eltis & David Richardson (reviewed by Ted Maris-Wolf Abolition: A History of Slavery and Antislavery, by Seymour Drescher (reviewed by Gregory E. O’Malley Paths to Freedom: Manumission in the Atlantic World, edited by Rosemary Brana-Shute & Randy J. Sparks (reviewed by Matthew Mason You Are All Free: The Haitian Revolution and the Abolition of Slavery, by Jeremy D. Popkin (reviewed by Philippe R. Girard Fighting for Honor: The History of African Martial Arts in the Atlantic World, by T .J. Desch Obi (reviewed by Flávio Gomes & Antonio Liberac Cardoso Simões Pires Working the Diaspora: The Impact of African Labor on the Anglo-American World, 1650-1850, by Frederick C. Knight (reviewed by Walter Hawthorne The Akan Diaspora in the Americas, by Kwasi Konadu (reviewed by Ray Kea Tradition and the Black Atlantic: Critical Theory in the African Diaspora, by Henry Louis Gates Jr. (reviewed by Deborah A. Thomas From Africa to Jamaica: The Making of an Atlantic Slave Society, 1775-1807, by Audra A. Diptee (reviewed by D.A. Dunkley Elections, Violence and the Democratic Process in Jamaica 1944-2007, by Amanda Sives (reviewed by Douglas Midgett Caciques and Cemi Idols: The Web Spun by Taino Rulers between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico, by José R. Oliver (reviewed by Brian D. Bates The Latin American Identity and the African Diaspora: Ethnogenesis in Context, by Antonio Olliz Boyd (reviewed by Dawn F. Stinchcomb Reconstructing Racial Identity and the African Past in the Dominican Republic, by Kimberly Eison Simmons (reviewed by Ginetta E.B. Candelario Haiti and the Haitian Diaspora in the Wider Caribbean, edited by Philippe Zacaïr (reviewed by Catherine Benoît Duvalier’s Ghosts: Race, Diaspora, and U.S. Imperialism in Haitian Literatures, by Jana

  19. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christien Klaufus, Book Review Editor

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available American Crossings: Border Politics in the Western Hemisphere, edited by Maiah Jaskoski, Arturo C. Sotomayor & Harold A. Trinkunas, 2015; reviewed by Olivier Thomas Kramsch The Remittance Landscape: Spaces of Migration in Rural Mexico and Urban USA, by Sarah Lynn Lopez, 2015; reviewed by Christien Klaufus Latin America’s Emerging Middle Classes; Economic Perspectives, editado por Jeff Dayton-Johnson, 2015; reseñado por Ludolfo Paramio Cities, Business and the Politics of Urban Violence in Latin America, by Eduardo Moncada,2016; reviewed by Gerard Martin Who Counts? The Mathematics of Death and Life after Genocide, by Diane Nelson, 2015; reviewed by Finn Stepputat Owners of the Sidewalk: Security and Survival in the Informal City, by Daniel Goldstein, 2015; reviewed by Griet Steel Beyond Tradition, Beyond Invention: Cosmic Technologies and Creativity in Contemporary Afro-Cuban Religions, edited by Diana Espírito Santo and Anastasios Panagiotopoulos, 2015; reviewed by Ken Chitwood Cuba and the U.S. Empire. A Chronological History, by Jane Franklin, 2016; reviewed by Edgar Göll Haydée Santamaría, Cuban Revolutionary: She Led by Transgression, by Margaret Randall, 2015; Vilma Espín Guillois: el fuego de la libertad, by Yolanda Ferrer Gómez and Carolina Aguilar Ayerra, 2015; reviewed by Dirk Kruijt Revolutionary Ideology and Political Destiny in Mexico, 1928-1934: Lázaro Cárdenas and Adalberto Tejeda, by Eitan Ginzberg, 2015; reviewed by Heather Fowler-Salamini Political Landscapes: Forest, Conservation and Community in Mexico, by Christopher R. Boyer, 2015; reviewed by Mariel Aguilar-Støen A Sentimental Education for the Working Man. The Mexico City Penny Press, 1900-1910, por Robert M. Buffington, 2015; reseñado por Lucas Poy Pesos and Politics: Business, Elites, Foreigners and Government in Mexico, 1854-1940, by Mark Wasserman, 2015; reviewed by Benedicte Bull State Theory and Andean Politics: New Approaches to the Study

  20. Software Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinnaman, Daniel E.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Reviews four educational software packages for Apple, IBM, and Tandy computers. Includes "How the West was One + Three x Four,""Mavis Beacon Teaches Typing,""Math and Me," and "Write On." Reviews list hardware requirements, emphasis, levels, publisher, purchase agreements, and price. Discusses the strengths…

  1. Clinical review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Groth, Kristian; Skakkebæk, Anne; Høst, Christian

    2013-01-01

    Recently, new clinically important information regarding Klinefelter syndrome (KS) has been published. We review aspects of epidemiology, endocrinology, metabolism, body composition, and neuropsychology with reference to recent genetic discoveries.......Recently, new clinically important information regarding Klinefelter syndrome (KS) has been published. We review aspects of epidemiology, endocrinology, metabolism, body composition, and neuropsychology with reference to recent genetic discoveries....

  2. Book Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Chemical Education, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Reviews two textbooks: "Principles of Biochemistry" by Albert L. Lehninger and "Inorganic Chemistry, A Modern Introduction" by Therald Moeller. Also reviews text, study guide, and laboratory manual for Morris Hein's "Foundations of College Chemistry, Fifth Edition" and text/study guide for David A. Ucko's "Basics for Chemistry." (JN)

  3. Book Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powicke, J. C.; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Reviews of 10 recent books and one new journal ("Catalyst: A Journal of Policy Debate") are provided. Topics of the books reviewed include: economics in modern Britain, world economics, the mixed economy, Milton Friedman's thought, British industry, economic issues, and London as a financial center. (JDH)

  4. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Book Review Editor, Christien Klaufus

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Rebel Mexico: Student Unrest and Authoritarian Political Culture During the Long Sixties, by Jaime M. Pensado, 2013, and Specters of Revolution: Peasant Guerrillas in the Cold War Mexican Countryside, by Alexander Aviña, 2014; reviewed by Wil G. PanstersWe are the face of Oaxaca: Testimony and Social Movements, by Lynn Stephen, 2013; reviewed by Jaime HoogestegerMaya Exodus: Indigenous struggle for citizenship in Chiapas, by Heidi Moksnes, 2012; reviewed by Gemma van der HaarLand and Freedom: The MST, the Zapatistas and Peasant Alternatives to Neoliberalism, by Leandro Vergara-Camus, 2014; reviewed by Jonathan DeVoreIndigenous Movements and Building the Plurinational State in Bolivia: Organisation and Identity in the Trajectory of the CSUTCB and CONAMAQ, by Radosław Powęska, 2013; reviewed by Ton SalmanMovimientos estudiantiles en la historia de América Latina IV, coordinado por Renate Marsiske, 2015; reseñado por Andrés Donoso RomoEl corazón de los libros, Alzate y Bartolache: Lectores y escritores novohispanos (S. XVIII, by Mauricio Sánchez Menchero, 2012; reviewed by Helge WendtAurality: Listening and Knowledge in Nineteenth-Century Colombia, por Ana María Ochoa Gautier, 2014; reseñado por Mercedes López RodríguezThe Vanguard of the Atlantic World: Creating Modernity, Nation, and Democracy in Nineteenth-Century Latin America, by James E. Sanders, 2014; reviewed by Michiel BaudMexico’s Once and Future Revolution: Social Upheaval and the Challenge of Rule since the Late Nineteenth Century, by Gilbert M. Joseph and Jürgen Buchenau, 2013; reviewed by Dirk KruijtThe Great Depression in Latin America, coordinado por Paulo Drinot and Alan Knight, 2014; reseñado por Juan Carlos KorolEnhancing Democracy. Public Policies and Citizen Participation in Chile, by Gonzalo Delamaza, 2014; reviewed by Camila Jara IbarraCritical Interventions in Caribbean Politics and Theory, by Brian Meeks, 2014; reviewed by Hebe VerrestBlack Power in the

  5. 75 FR 55764 - Dynamic Random Access Memory Semiconductors From the Republic of Korea: Preliminary Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-14

    ... Kuhbach, Director, Office 1, ``Sixth Countervailing Duty Administrative Review: Dynamic Random Access... ``Purchases at Prices that Constitute `More than Adequate Remuneration,' '' (``Uranium from France'') (citing...

  6. Systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enggaard, Helle

    Title: Systematic review a method to promote nursing students skills in Evidence Based Practice Background: Department of nursing educate students to practice Evidence Based Practice (EBP), where clinical decisions is based on the best available evidence, patient preference, clinical experience...... and resources available. In order to incorporate evidence in clinical decisions, nursing students need to learn how to transfer knowledge in order to utilize evidence in clinical decisions. The method of systematic review can be one approach to achieve this in nursing education. Method: As an associate lecturer...... I have taken a Comprehensive Systematic Review Training course provide by Center of Clinical Guidelines in Denmark and Jonna Briggs Institute (JBI) and practice in developing a systematic review on how patients with ischemic heart disease experiences peer support. This insight and experience...

  7. Proactive Review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolbæk, Ditte

    2015-01-01

    This chapter will explore how to learn from working experience through the use of an educational approach called Proactive Review. From 2005 to 2012, Proactive Review was developed and implemented in a world-class IT company based in more than 40 countries across Europe, the Middle East, and Africa....... This chapter will include some of the theoretical considerations as well as the final educational design for a Proactive Review, as exemplified in a case study from the IT company. The aim of this chapter is to provide a theoretically based and proven educational design for Lessons Learned, including...... recommendations for successful Proactive Reviews. The theory section will explore theories regarding the following two topics: first, how an organization may understand the term “learning”; and second, the starting point of learning and how an organization may maintain a learning environment. The research...

  8. Software Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dwyer, Donna; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Reviewed are seven software packages for Apple and IBM computers. Included are: "Toxicology"; "Science Corner: Space Probe"; "Alcohol and Pregnancy"; "Science Tool Kit Plus"; Computer Investigations: Plant Growth"; "Climatrolls"; and "Animal Watch: Whales." (CW)

  9. Software Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Shelly J., Ed.; Knaupp, Jon, Ed.

    1984-01-01

    Reviewed is computer software on: (1) classification of living things, a tutorial program for grades 5-10; and (2) polynomial practice using tiles, a drill-and-practice program for algebra students. (MNS)

  10. Software Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Anne, Ed.; Radziemski, Cathy, Ed.

    1988-01-01

    Three pieces of computer software are described and reviewed: HyperCard, to build and use varied applications; Iggy's Gnees, for problem solving with shapes in grades kindergarten-two; and Algebra Shop, for practicing skills and problem solving. (MNS)

  11. Film Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lance, Larry M.; Atwater, Lynn

    1987-01-01

    Reviews four Human Sexuality films and videos. These are: "Personal Decisions" (Planned Parenthood Federation of America, 1985); "The Touch Film" (Sterling Production, 1986); "Rethinking Rape" (Film Distribution Center, 1985); "Not A Love Story" (National Film Board of Canada, 1981). (AEM)

  12. Peer Reviewer

    OpenAIRE

    Baru Mansjur, Mansjur

    2016-01-01

    - Peer Reviewer Effects Of Histomorohometric, Bone Tu Implant Contac and Asseointegration On a novel Hybrid Micro/Nano Topografhy Modfie Dental Implant in The Mandibular Canine Premolar Area Of The Mini Pigs

  13. Book Review

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bernt Lindtjorn

    Book Review. Water Resources Management in Ethiopia: Implications for the Nile Basin. ... general to specific issues within the Ethiopian context. ... properly made with regard to water source, ... of those of Tanzania, Kenya, Burundi, Rwanda,.

  14. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Book Review Editor, Barbara Hogenboom

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The Economic History of the Caribbean since the Napoleonic Wars, by Victor Bulmer-Thomas (2012; reviewed by Gert OostindieSubjects or Citizens: British Caribbean Workers in Cuba, 1900-1960, by Robert Whitney and Graciela Chailloux Laffita (2013; reviewed by Rose Mary AllenDebating Civil-Military Relations in Latin America, editado por David Mares y Rafael Martínez (2014; reseñado por Raul Benitez-ManautComparative Public Policy in Latin America, editado por Jordi Díez y Susan Franceschet (2012; reseñado por Gonzalo DelamazaEntre el desarrollo y el buen vivir. Recursos naturales y conflictos en los territorios indígenas, editado por José Aylwin, Salvador Martí i Puig, Claire Wright y Nancy Yañez (2013; reviewed by Almut Schilling-VacaflorDignity for the Voiceless. Willem Assies’s Anthropological Work in Context, editado por Ton Salman, Salvador Martí i Puig, y Gemma van der Haar (2014; reseñado por Ricardo Calla OrtegaDemocracy in ‘Two Mexicos’; Political Institutions in Oaxaca and Nuevo León, by Guadelupe Correa-Cabrera (2013; reviewed by Jos BartmanWhere the River Ends, by Shaylih Muehlmann (2013; reviewed by Maria L. Cruz-TorresKnowing History in Mexico. An ethnography of Citizenship, by Trevor Stack (2012; reviewed by Raymond BuveFor God and Revolution. Priest, Peasant, and Agrarian Socialism in the Mexican Huasteca, por Mark Saad Saka( 2013; reseñado por Antonio Escobar OhmstedeWorking Women, Entrepreneurs, and the Mexican Revolution: the Coffee Culture of Córdoba, Veracruz, by Heather Fowler-Salamini (2013; reviewed by Robert F. AlegreWar by Other Means. Aftermath in Post-Genocide Guatemala, edited by Carlota McAlister and Diana Nelson (2013; reviewed by Dirk KruijtLucha revolucionaria. Perú, 1958-1967, por Jan Lust (2013; reseñado por Dirk KruijtWomen in War. The Micro-Processes of Mobilization in El Salvador, by Jocelyn Viterna (2013; reviewed by Ralph SprenkelsZero Hunger: Political Culture and Antipoverty Policy in

  15. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christien Klaufus, Book Review Editor

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The Improbable Conquest: Sixteenth Century Letters from the Rio de la Plata, por Pablo García Loaeza y Victoria L. Garrett, 2015; reseñado por Judith Farberman Urban Space as Heritage in Late Colonial Cuba: Classicism and Dissonance on the Plaza de Armas of Havana: 1754-1828, by Paul Niell, 2015; reviewed by Joseph L. Scarpaci El Jefe Político. Un dominio negociando en el mundo rural del Estado de México. 1856-1911, por Romana Falcón, 2015; reseñado por Raymond Buve Miedo negro, poder blanco en la Cuba colonial, por Jorge Camacho, 2015; reseñado por Oleski Miranda Navarro Revolutionary Parks: Conservation, Social Justice, and Mexico’s National Parks, 1910-1940, by Emily Wakild, 2011; reviewed by Grant Burrier Sandino’s Nation: Ernesto Cardenal and Sergio Ramírez Writing Nicaragua, 1940-2012, by Stephen Henighan, 2014; reviewed by Grace A. Gomashie La cancha peronista. Fútbol y política (1946-1955, edited by Raanan Rein, 2015; reviewed by Alexis Sossa Rojas Chile y la Guerra Fría global, edited by Tanya Harmer and Alfredo Riquelme Segovia, 2014; reviewed by Ángela Vergara Challenging Social Inequality: The Landless Rural Workers Movement and Agrarian Reform in Brazil, edited by M. Carter, 2015; reviewed by Rebecca Tarlau Brazil: Reversal of Fortune, by Alfred P. Montero, 2014; reviewed by Edgar J. Marcolin Latin American Documentary Filmmaking – Major works, by David William Foster, 2013; reviewed by Leontien Cremers Telling and Being told: Storytelling and Cultural Control in Contemporary Yucatec Maya Literatures, por Paul Worley, 2013; reseñado por Ana Ugarte Bachata and Dominican Identity/La bachata y la identidad dominicana, by Julie Sellers, 2014; reviewed by Grant D. Moss Entrepreneurial Selves: Neoliberal Respectability and the Making of a Caribbean Middle Class, by Carla Freeman, 2014; reviewed by Emiel Martens

  16. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tore Ahlbäck

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Four book reviews are included in this issue of Approaching Religion:The Process of Buddhist-Christian Dialogue (2009 by Paul O. Ingram is reviewed by Dr Teuvo Laitila. The book deals with contemporary dialogues between Buddhists and Christians, mainly in the West, by applying a three-part perspective denoted conceptual, engaged and internal.Producing Islamic Knowledge. Transmission and Dissemination in Western Europe (2010 by Martin van Bruinessen and Stefano Allievi is reviewed by Dr Jeanette Jouili. The book investigates into Islamic knowledge production taking place in the contemporary European context, from a theoretical as well as from a richly varied empirical perspective.Grounding Religion. A Field Guide to the Study of Religion and Ecology (2011 by Whitney A. Bauman, Richard R. Bohannon II and Kevin J. O’Brien is reviewed by MA Laura Wickström. The book provides an introduction to the field of religion and ecology with special emphasis on interreligious co-operation.Mirakel, mysterier och moraliteter. Från puritanism till New Age – en religionshistorisk studie av Helen Shucman och A Course in Miracles (2010 is reviewed by Dr Tore Ahlbäck. The book is a doctoral thesis analysing the history of creation behind the highly influential spiritual guide A Course in Miracles (1965–72 and its originator Helen Shucman.

  17. Literature review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Nina Konstantin; Holm, Lotte

    2015-01-01

    Improved understanding of how normal weight and moderately overweight people manage their body weight and shape could be used to inform initiatives to prevent and treat obesity. This literature review offers a thorough appraisal of existing research into perceptions and management of own body size...... among normal weight and moderately overweight people. The studies reported in the 47 publications reviewed here address various themes based on different conceptualizations. The studies point out that normal weight and moderately overweight people are much concerned about their body size, but huge...

  18. What motivates men to donate blood? A systematic review of the evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carver, A; Chell, K; Davison, T E; Masser, B M

    2018-04-01

    Effective recruitment and retention of male donors are vital for the ongoing provision of blood products. Compared with females, male donors are less likely to be medically deferred or experience vasovagal reactions and are typically preferred for plasmapheresis donation in voluntary non-remunerated settings. However, females outnumber males among donors aged under 40 years. This systematic review aimed to synthesize evidence and identify key motivators for blood donation among males to inform targeted recruitment/retention campaigns. Databases (e.g. EBSCOhost, Web of Science) were searched using terms (dona* OR dono*) AND (blood OR aphaeresis OR apheresis OR plasma* OR platelet* OR platlet*) in title AND (male OR gender OR sex OR female) AND (motivat* OR intention OR attitude OR behavi* OR predictor OR barrier OR deter*) NOT (organ OR sperm OR tissue OR autologous OR oocyte) in text. Two researchers independently systematically scanned quantitative, full-text, English language, peer-reviewed publications from 1990 to 2015 that examined males/females separately with outcomes of blood donation or self-reported intention. Two additional researchers resolved discrepancies. Among 28 identified articles, the most frequently cited motivators for male blood product donation were as follows: altruism; positive attitude towards incentives; health check(s); subjective norms. Altruism was less pronounced among males compared with females and was combined with 'warm glow' in novice males (impure altruism). Perceived health benefits and incentives (e.g. coffee mugs) were stronger motivators of males than females. Marketing campaigns for recruitment/retention of male donors should focus on identified motivators rather than take a 'one-size-fits-all' approach. © 2017 International Society of Blood Transfusion.

  19. Systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lødrup, Anders Bergh; Reimer, Christina; Bytzer, Peter

    2013-01-01

    in getting off acid-suppressive medication and partly explain the increase in long-term use of PPI. A number of studies addressing this issue have been published recently. The authors aimed to systematically review the existing evidence of clinically relevant symptoms caused by acid rebound following PPI...

  20. Book Reviews

    OpenAIRE

    Matthews, Alan; Goldin, Ian; Colman, David; Bickerton, Thomas W.; Beghin, John C.; Croci-Angelini, Elisabetta

    1992-01-01

    Books reviewed include: Principles of Agricultural Economics by D. Colman and T. Young; World Agriculture: Toward 2000 by Nikos Alexandratos; Food Subsidies in Developing Countries: Costs, Benefits and Policy Options; Elasticities in International Agricultural Trade by Colin A. Carter and W. H. Gardiner; Macroeconomics, Agriculture and Exchange Rates; Government and Agriculture in Western Europe, 1880-1988 by M. Tracy

  1. Reviews, Software.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Science Teacher, 1988

    1988-01-01

    Reviews two computer software packages for use in physical science, physics, and chemistry classes. Includes "Physics of Model Rocketry" for Apple II, and "Black Box" for Apple II and IBM compatible computers. "Black Box" is designed to help students understand the concept of indirect evidence. (CW)

  2. Software Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGrath, Diane, Ed.

    1989-01-01

    Reviewed is a computer software package entitled "Audubon Wildlife Adventures: Grizzly Bears" for Apple II and IBM microcomputers. Included are availability, hardware requirements, cost, and a description of the program. The murder-mystery flavor of the program is stressed in this program that focuses on illegal hunting and game…

  3. book reviews

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    book reviews. Self-testing in ... This book is a useful tool for registrar trainees and practising psy- chiatrists alike. ... sultation service and is a Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard. Medical ... It is recommended as a study aid and provides the ideal ...

  4. Literature Reviews

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhoades, Ellen A.

    2011-01-01

    The primary purpose of a literature review is to assist readers in understanding the whole body of available research on a topic, informing readers on the strengths and weaknesses of studies within that body. It is defined by its guiding concept or topical focus: an account of what was previously published on a specific topic. This prevents…

  5. Book Review

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    2004-12-02

    Dec 2, 2004 ... Book Review. World Health Organization 2003. Price Not Available. ISBN 9241545755. This is a paperback book updating three earlier WHO publications namely: • General Surgery at the District Hospital,. • Surgery at the District Hospital,. • Obstetric/Gynecology, Orthopedics/Traumatology, and Anesthesia ...

  6. Book review

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Book review. * Professor of Higher Education Studies, Centre for Higher and Adult Education, University of Stellenbosch. Email: mfourie@sun.ac.za. Worldwide, the composition of the student population in higher education has over the past two decades changed dramatically. With larger numbers of previously underserved.

  7. Invited review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sangild, Per Torp; Thymann, Thomas; Schmidt, Mette

    2013-01-01

    with NEC may require resection of the necrotic parts of the intestine, leading to short bowel syndrome (SBS), characterised by reduced digestive capacity, fluid loss, and dependency on parenteral nutrition. This review presents the preterm pig as a translational model in pediatric gastroenterology that has...

  8. Systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borup, H; Kirkeskov, L; Hanskov, Dorte Jessing Agerby

    2017-01-01

    . Conclusions: This review suggests that COPD occurs more often among construction workers than among workers who are not exposed to construction dust. It is not possible to draw any conclusions on specific subgroups as most studies analysed construction workers as one united group. In addition, no potential...

  9. Concise review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dawson, Jonathan I; Kanczler, Janos; Tare, Rahul

    2014-01-01

    of diseases associated with an increasingly aged population. This review describes the state of the field and current steps to translate and apply skeletal stem cell biology in the clinic and the problems therein. Challenges are described along with key strategies including the isolation and ex vivo expansion...

  10. Short Review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lynnerup, Niels; Rühli, Frank

    2015-01-01

    modality in ancient mummy research. The aim of this short review is to address the advantages and pitfalls of this particular technique for such unique samples. We recommend that when results of X-ray examination of mummies are presented, the specific recording data should be listed, and any given finds...

  11. Systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helgstrand, John Thomas; Berg, Kasper Drimer; Lippert, Solvej

    2016-01-01

    trials have challenged this dogma. The aim of this study was to evaluate how endocrine therapy (ET) affects survival in different clinical settings of PCa. Materials and methods A review of published phase II, III and IV studies evaluating the effect of ET on survival was performed. Results In localized...

  12. Systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Troels Dreier; Spindler, Karen-Lise Garm; Palshof, Jesper Andreas

    2016-01-01

    to earlier diagnosis and improved survival. Method: In this paper, we describe the incidence as well as characteristics associated with BM based on a systematic review of the current literature, following the PRISMA guidelines. Results: We show that the incidence of BM in CRC patients ranges from 0.6 to 3...

  13. Clinical review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjortrup, Peter Buhl; Haase, Nicolai; Wetterslev, Mik

    2013-01-01

    Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) may be an early marker of acute kidney injury (AKI), but elevated NGAL occurs in a wide range of systemic diseases. Because intensive care patients have high levels of comorbidity, our objective was to conduct a systematic review of the literature...

  14. Software Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teles, Elizabeth, Ed.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Reviewed are two computer software packages for Macintosh microcomputers including "Phase Portraits," an exploratory graphics tool for studying first-order planar systems; and "MacMath," a set of programs for exploring differential equations, linear algebra, and other mathematical topics. Features, ease of use, cost, availability, and hardware…

  15. Book Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coates, Elizabeth; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Reviews three books: (1) "Jeux Populaires Traditionnels pour les Enfants d'aujourd'hui" (Traditional Popular Games for Today's Children) (Jacqueline Theriault and Denise Garon); "Early Childhood Education" (B. Persky and L. Golubchick, editors); and "Playing to Learn: The Young Child, Teacher and the Classroom" (Weininger and Daniel). (AC)

  16. Book Review

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Angela

    The book in review tells many tales of looting, rape and murder of prominent. Nuba figures as well as ordinary Nuba folk. As the government is increasing pressure on them, the Nuba are proving to be more resilient than ever to ensure their posterity. The picture that dominates the front cover may easily be overlooked by.

  17. Book review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EC Thomas

    1978-11-01

    Full Text Available This book appears to the present reviewer to be, if not the, at least a definitive volume for students of work motivation, whether organizational behaviourists or practising managers. This field has grown rapidly as the main focus of Organizational Psychology since Vroom's (1964 enunciation of a tenable theory of work motivation and satisfaction.

  18. Book review

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Book review. * Dr Birgit Schreiber is the Director of the Centre for Student Support Services at the University of the. Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa. Email: bschreiber@uwc.ac.za. Manuel Castells (2001), who is regarded as one of the most influential social scientists commenting on the role of higher education in ...

  19. Courseware Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Risley, John S.

    1984-01-01

    Reviews software package consisting of three programs designed to give students practice on V=IR calculations for series, parallel, and network electric circuits. Indicates that the package for Apple II microcomputers is very good for individual practice and that graphics are useful in teaching students how to draw circuits. (JN)

  20. REVIEW ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    UDS Publishers Limited All Right Reserved 2026-6294. REVIEW ... events of life, genetics, and male gender have been reported to be the ... If left untreated, it caus- es behavioral ... development of the urinary drainage center in the brain, but ...

  1. Book review

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    contributions to the authoritative bibliography of the scholarly writings on the literatures of the English - speaking world. As he states in the preface to the book, Abodunrin's aim in doing this is to make a compendium of reviews of. "scholarly writing on all aspects of African literature in English'' available to students, teachers ...

  2. Book Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Journal of Early Childhood, 1994

    1994-01-01

    Reviews "La Educacion Preescolar: Desafio y Aventura" (Lavanchy Bobsien); "Working towards Better Childcare" (Peeters and Vandenbroeck, editors); "Children's Savings: A Study in the Development of Economic Behavior" (Sonuga-Barke and Webley); "Curvas de Crecimiento Estaturo-ponderal en Escolares" (Saez Crespo and others); and "Helping Bereaved…

  3. Audiovisual Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Physiology Teacher, 1976

    1976-01-01

    Lists and reviews recent audiovisual materials in areas of medical, dental, nursing and allied health, and veterinary medicine; undergraduate, and high school studies. Each is classified as to level, type of instruction, usefulness, and source of availability. Topics include respiration, renal physiology, muscle mechanics, anatomy, evolution,…

  4. Book review

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The work under review is Jack Mapanje's third volume of verse after Of Chameleons ... with which the new book opens, 'The Following Dawn the Boots', talks about the first ... 'St Margaret Chitherow of York', the poet acknowledges that his host country too has ... primary audience and learn to adjust his sights accordingly.

  5. Research Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serig, Dan, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    This research review is dedicated to the memory of William Safire (1929-2009). A visionary leader, Safire brought other visionaries, researchers, educators, artists, and policymakers together to explore the confluence of arts education and neuroscience. He fostered the new field of neuroeducation in his work as chair of The Dana Foundation in…

  6. Research Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serig, Dan

    2011-01-01

    In this review, the author explores an often-used process in research--the mind map. He uses this method in his own research and artwork. He also uses this extensively with students, particularly master students when they are trying to surround issues in their thesis projects. Mind maps are closely associated with brainstorming, as brainstorming…

  7. Peer Review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Avital, Michel

    2018-01-01

    that the community’s hunger for publication accompanies only a modest appetite for providing the necessary support to sustain the consequent increase in peer-review load. The advent of blockchain technologies and the proliferation of cryptocurrencies presents an opportunity to develop a token-based peer...

  8. REVIEW ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Serum markers related to depression: A systematic review .... system proteins that play an important role in Alz- heimer's ... lated to the reduction of BDNF and its treatment ... positive action. .... involved in the physiology of emotional and psychological disorders (Gornick .... contribute fundamentally to emotional behaviors.

  9. Review Symposium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fink, Dean; Harris, Alma; Strain, Michael; Willmott, Rob; Gunter, Helen

    2002-01-01

    The book "Leaders and Leadership in Education," by Helen Gunter, is the topic of four separate reviews and a response by the author. Each brief essay contains references. Dean Fink describes the book as "a breathtaking survey of contemporary management and leadership literature, particularly British." (Contains 68 references.) (MLF)

  10. Book Reviews

    OpenAIRE

    Barlow, Colin; Harvey, D. R.; Lane, S.

    1988-01-01

    Books Reviewed: The Economics of Oil Palm; Agricultural Policy Formation in the European Community: The Birth of Milk Quotas and CAP Reform by M. Petit, M. de Benedictis, D. Britton, M. de Groot, W. Henrichsmeyer, and F. Lechi; Agriculture's Future: America's Food System by T. L. Wallace

  11. Book Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joyner, Christopher C.; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Scholarly reviews of nine books are presented. Topics include nuclear deterrence, urban planning in France, human rights in the Republic of China, the United States' support of Israel, U. S. military policy, an analysis of Rousseau's social contract, political influences on the U. S. presidency, the state and political theory, and the loss of…

  12. Review Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2007-12-02

    Dec 2, 2007 ... Introduction. What prompted this review article is because of the wrong notion that the only standard abdominal incision is the midline incision. Cases have been seen in which an abdominal incision extends from the xyphoid process to the symphysis pubis just to remove a perforated appendix! The reason ...

  13. Historical review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zamora C, H.H.

    1989-01-01

    Short history of the ''Instituto de Asuntos Nucleares''. A short historical review about IAN is made: from 1956 when it was called Instituto Colombiano de Asuntos Nucleares, showing its scientific and technical development and the most important events that have occurred in the last 30 years. The people who had contributed to the progress of the institution are also considered, making emphasis in the important happenings that have guided the routes of the IAN

  14. Book Reviews

    OpenAIRE

    Joann Kovacich

    2013-01-01

    Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics 2010-2013 Volume 30, 2010: Focus on Biobehavioral Perspectives on Health in Late Life (Keith E. Whitfield, ed.) Linda J. Keilman , Michigan State University Volume 31, 2011: Pathways Through the Transitions of Care for Older Adults. (Peggye Dilworth-Anderson and Mary H. Palmer, eds.) Rachel Sona Reed, The Pasadena Village Volume 32, 2012: Emerging Perspectives on Resilience in Adulthood and Later Life (Bert Hayslip Jr., Gregory S...

  15. Impetigo - review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Luciana Baptista

    2014-01-01

    Impetigo is a common cutaneous infection that is especially prevalent in children. Historically, impetigo is caused by either group A β-hemolytic streptococci or Staphylococcus aureus. Currently, the most frequently isolated pathogen is S. aureus. This article discusses the microbiologic and virulence factors of group A β-hemolytic streptococci and Staphylococcus aureus, clinical characteristics, complications, as well as the approach to diagnosis and management of impetigo. Topical agents for impetigo therapy are reviewed.

  16. Book reviews

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Rosendal

    2009-01-01

    The review consists of two sections: In the first, community education is understood as an invitation to develop transversal, transdisciplinary research on a European level and dealing with adult education in order to improve a social Europe. In the second, the European question is understood...... as a social question. An interesting trend seems to be that neo-liberalism 'demands' reframing the social. Udgivelsesdato: March 2009...

  17. Canada: Health system review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchildon, Gregory

    2013-01-01

    Canada is a high-income country with a population of 33 million people. Its economic performance has been solid despite the recession that began in 2008. Life expectancy in Canada continues to rise and is high compared with most OECD countries; however, infant and maternal mortality rates tend to be worse than in countries such as Australia, France and Sweden. About 70% of total health expenditure comes from the general tax revenues of the federal, provincial and territorial governments. Most public revenues for health are used to provide universal medicare (medically necessary hospital and physician services that are free at the point of service for residents) and to subsidise the costs of outpatient prescription drugs and long-term care. Health care costs continue to grow at a faster rate than the economy and government revenue, largely driven by spending on prescription drugs. In the last five years, however, growth rates in pharmaceutical spending have been matched by hospital spending and overtaken by physician spending, mainly due to increased provider remuneration. The governance, organization and delivery of health services is highly decentralized, with the provinces and territories responsible for administering medicare and planning health services. In the last ten years there have been no major pan-Canadian health reform initiatives but individual provinces and territories have focused on reorganizing or fine tuning their regional health systems and improving the quality, timeliness and patient experience of primary, acute and chronic care. The medicare system has been effective in providing Canadians with financial protection against hospital and physician costs. However, the narrow scope of services covered under medicare has produced important gaps in coverage and equitable access may be a challenge in these areas. World Health Organization 2013 (acting as the host organization for, and secretariat of, the European Observatory on Health Systems and

  18. Book Review:

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, J. M.

    2006-02-01

    In 1952, Mme Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat published a major paper, Théorème d'existence pour certains systèmes d'équations aux dérivées partielles non linéaires (Acta Math. 88 141-225), which laid the foundation for modern studies of the Cauchy problem in general relativity. The fiftieth anniversary of this event was celebrated with an eponymous Cargèse Summer School in 2002. The proceedings of that summer school are summarized electronically (as audio, video, transparencies and lecture notes, where available) on a DVD archive included with this volume, and are also available on the internet. However the organizers decided that a separate volume describing the 'state of the art in mathematical general relativity' would be useful, and this book is the result. It includes some material not covered in the school and excludes some school material which has been covered adequately elsewhere. Unfortunately, I was unable to find, electronically, a table of contents, which every prospective purchaser would wish to see, and so this review does in fact list all the articles, ordered, roughly, by length. About one fifth of the book is devoted to a survey of Smoothness at Null Infinity and the Structure of Initial Data by Helmut Friedrich. This is a modern study of gravitational radiation, and the analysis of Einstein's equations. It is extremely helpful to survey all of this material, including some of the latest developments, using a consistent notation. This article is strongly recommended to anyone hoping to gain a foothold in this area. Note also that 47 pages of transparencies have become 84 book pages. Lars Andersson has surveyed, in The Global Existence Problem in General Relativity, some results and conjectures about the global properties of 3+1-dimensional spacetimes with a compact Cauchy surface. Again it is very useful to have essentially all of the known results presented in a consistent notation. This material is not on the DVD. Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat has

  19. Barnwood review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1985-09-01

    This review describes the work of the Generation Development and Construction Division of the [U.K.] Central Electricity Generating Board. It includes work on nuclear power plants and fossil-fuel power plants. The following activities concerned with nuclear power are described: brief summary of all nuclear power work; Dungeness B; Hartlepool/Heysham 1; Heysham 2; irradiated fuel project (engineering service in support of irradiated fuel transport operation; model validation; analysis; instrumentation; impact evaluation; transportation study; full scale crash demonstration; concluding comments); remote visual inspection service (U.K.)

  20. LLE Review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keck, R.L. (ed.)

    1992-01-01

    This volume of the LLE Review, covering the period January--March 1992, contains articles on the use of diffraction gratings in laser applications, and the fabrication of gratings for use in these applications. there are two articles on the use of lasers to explore fundamental physics issues and an article on the use of a solid-state diode array for x-ray imaging. Finally, the activities of the National Laser Users Facility and the GDL and OMEGA laser systems are summarized.

  1. Book Reviews

    OpenAIRE

    Christien Klaufus, Book Review Editor

    2016-01-01

    The Improbable Conquest: Sixteenth Century Letters from the Rio de la Plata, por Pablo García Loaeza y Victoria L. Garrett, 2015; reseñado por Judith Farberman Urban Space as Heritage in Late Colonial Cuba: Classicism and Dissonance on the Plaza de Armas of Havana: 1754-1828, by Paul Niell, 2015; reviewed by Joseph L. Scarpaci El Jefe Político. Un dominio negociando en el mundo rural del Estado de México. 1856-1911, por Romana Falcón, 2015; reseñado por Raymond Buve Miedo negro, poder blanco ...

  2. Notas acerca da atuação do Estado Regulador brasileiro sobre o setor educacional no âmbito dos cursos jurídicos: impasses e ajustes no sistema avaliativo como técnica de controle / Notes about the Brazilian regulatory State action in the educational sector within the law courses: deadlocks and adjustments in the evaluation system as control technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramon Rebouças Nolasco de Oliveira

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – This study aims to analyze the performance of the Brazilian state, especially from the 90s of the twentieth century, as regulatory body of the legal education sector, considering criticisms on the evaluation model that has been used and the understanding of authors about the history of the creation of legal courses in the country in the nineteenth century and its development until nowadays. It also includes debates about the autonomy of educational institutions and of the democratic and participative criteria in the evaluation processes. Methodology/approach/design – It applied the documentary research method, which consisted of qualitative analysis of legislation and of the regulatory norms of the Brazilian educational sector, as well as bibliographical review of the literature produced in the two decades of the twenty-first century on the subject, especially about the Regulatory State, which indicated the research theoretical framework. Findings – Brazil has adopted a regulatory model based on assessment, as evidenced by the regulations. The Brazilian Regulatory State faces deadlocks and adjustments in the evaluative system used as control technique as far as law courses are concerned. Several authors pinpoint the shortcomings of legal education. This article pursues innovative ways of addressing the requirements for courses and the evaluation processes in order to tackle tensions with the private sector, to ensure increased access to higher education, without neglecting the quality level of the courses, according to the principles laid down by the legal framework on the subject.

  3. Book Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, René J.

    2006-01-01

    Editors Note: This book is written in Spanish and the review is given in both English and Spanish. Both reviews were written by the same individual and essentially have the same content. Code of Practice for Quality Control of Treatment Planning Systems (TPS) in Radiation Therapy, by José Miguel Delgado Rodríguez, Feliciano García Vicente, Esther Millán Cebrián. Sociedad Española de Física Médica. Ramírez de Arellano Editores, S. L. 2005, Madrid, Spain; available. secretaria@sefm.es, 50ε Protocolo para Control de Calidad en Sistemas de Planificación de Terapia con Radiaciones Ionizantes, por José Miguel Delgado Rodríguez, Feliciano García Vicente, Esther Millán Cebrián. Sociedad Española de Física Médica. Ramírez de Arellano Editores, S. L. 2005, Madrid, Spain. secretaria@sefm.es, 50ε

  4. Cost analysis for the implementation of a medication review with follow-up service in Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noain, Aranzazu; Garcia-Cardenas, Victoria; Gastelurrutia, Miguel Angel; Malet-Larrea, Amaia; Martinez-Martinez, Fernando; Sabater-Hernandez, Daniel; Benrimoj, Shalom I

    2017-08-01

    Background Medication review with follow-up (MRF) is a professional pharmacy service proven to be cost-effective. Its broader implementation is limited, mainly due to the lack of evidence-based implementation programs that include economic and financial analysis. Objective To analyse the costs and estimate the price of providing and implementing MRF. Setting Community pharmacy in Spain. Method Elderly patients using poly-pharmacy received a community pharmacist-led MRF for 6 months. The cost analysis was based on the time-driven activity based costing model and included the provider costs, initial investment costs and maintenance expenses. The service price was estimated using the labour costs, costs associated with service provision, potential number of patients receiving the service and mark-up. Main outcome measures Costs and potential price of MRF. Results A mean time of 404.4 (SD 232.2) was spent on service provision and was extrapolated to annual costs. Service provider cost per patient ranged from €196 (SD 90.5) to €310 (SD 164.4). The mean initial investment per pharmacy was €4594 and the mean annual maintenance costs €3,068. Largest items contributing to cost were initial staff training, continuing education and renting of the patient counselling area. The potential service price ranged from €237 to €628 per patient a year. Conclusion Time spent by the service provider accounted for 75-95% of the final cost, followed by initial investment costs and maintenance costs. Remuneration for professional pharmacy services provision must cover service costs and appropriate profit, allowing for their long-term sustainability.

  5. 2008 annual merit review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    2009-01-18

    The 2008 DOE Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review was held February 25-28, 2008 in Bethesda, Maryland. The review encompassed all of the work done by the Vehicle Technologies Program: a total of 280 individual activities were reviewed, by a total of just over 100 reviewers. A total of 1,908 individual review responses were received for the technical reviews, and an additional 29 individual review responses were received for the plenary session review.

  6. Exploration Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilburn, D.R.; Stanley, K.A.

    2013-01-01

    This summary of international mineral exploration activities for 2012 draws upon information from industry sources, published literature and U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) specialists. The summary provides data on exploration budgets by region and mineral commodity, identifies significant mineral discoveries and areas of mineral exploration, discusses government programs affecting the mineral exploration industry and presents analyses of exploration activities performed by the mineral industry. Three sources of information are reported and analyzed in this annual review of international exploration for 2012: 1) budgetary statistics expressed in U.S. nominal dollars provided by SNL Metals Economics Group (MEG) of Halifax, Nova Scotia; 2) regional and site-specific exploration activities that took place in 2012 as compiled by the USGS and 3) regional events including economic, social and political conditions that affected exploration activities, which were derived from published sources and unpublished discussions with USGS and industry specialists.

  7. Book Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Brown

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The second edition of Computational Physics by Rubin Landau, Manuel Paez and Cristian C. Bordeianu (published by Wiley hit bookshelves in 2007, and is steadily making its way into physics classrooms across the United States. Your reviewer first encountered the book at the Stanford Campus Book Store, where it is presumably being put to good use by students and faculty. The first edition was published in 1997 with Landau and Paez as authors [Computational Physics, 1st edn, Wiley, New York, 1997]. Rubin Landau is a very experienced computational physicist and staff member of the Oregon State University in Corvallis, where he directs the Computational Physics for Undergraduates course and teaches using this book. Landau is an incredibly active teacher to put it mildly – the code for the book is supplied in an accompanying DVD and he also posts applets and video lectures for his courses on his web page (http://www.physics.orst.edu/~rubin/.

  8. Towards a framework for analyzing determinants of performance of community health workers in malaria prevention and control: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chipukuma, Helen Mwiinga; Zulu, Joseph Mumba; Jacobs, Choolwe; Chongwe, Gershom; Chola, Mumbi; Halwiindi, Hikabasa; Zgambo, Jessy; Michelo, Charles

    2018-05-08

    Community health workers (CHWs) are an important human resource in improving coverage of and success to interventions aimed at reducing malaria incidence. Evidence suggests that the performance of CHWs in malaria programs varies in different contexts. However, comprehensive frameworks, based on systematic reviews, to guide the analysis of determinants of performance of CHWs in malaria prevention and control programs are lacking. We systematically searched Google Scholar, Science Direct, and PubMed including reference lists that had English language publications. We included 16 full text articles that evaluated CHW performance in malaria control. Search terms were used and studies that had performance as an outcome of interest attributed to community-based interventions done by CHWs were included. Sixteen studies were included in the final review and were mostly on malaria Rapid Diagnosis and Treatment, as well as adherence to referral guidelines. Factors determining performance and effective implementation of CHW malaria programs included health system factors such as nature of training of CHWs; type of supervision including feedback process; availability of stocks, supplies, and job aids; nature of work environment and reporting systems; availability of financial resources and transport systems; types of remuneration; health staff confidence in CHWs; and workload. In addition, community dynamics such as nature of community connectedness and support from the community and utilization of services by the community also influenced performance. Furthermore, community health worker characteristics such marital status, sex, and CHW confidence levels also shaped CHW performance. Effectively analyzing and promoting the performance of CHWs in malaria prevention and control programs may require adopting a framework that considers health systems and community factors as well as community health worker characteristics.

  9. 77 FR 25231 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Information Collection; Submission for OMB Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-27

    ... agreement setting forth the duties of both parties and providing for remuneration of the agent. 12 CFR 7... (Honorary directors or advisory boards): Any listing of a national bank's honorary or advisory directors must distinguish between them and the bank's board of directors or indicate their advisory status. 12...

  10. De loonkloof tussen mannen en vrouwen: Een review van het onderzoek in Nederland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tijdens, K.G.; van Klaveren, M.

    2011-01-01

    This article examines 20 studies on the remuneration of men and women in the Netherlands, where the influence of nine groups of factors was viewed: human capital, industry, job classification, job level, glass ceiling, firm size, working hours, gender-composition of occupation, and family building

  11. Open circuit mouthpiece ventilation: Concise clinical review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Garuti

    2014-07-01

    ventilator modes, wider knowledge of this technique is now warranted. This review highlights the indications, techniques, advantages and disadvantages of mouthpiece NIV. Resumo: Em 2013, foram introduzidos novos modos de «ventilação por peça bucal», para ventiladores portáteis disponíveis comercialmente. Apesar disto, há pouco conhecimento sobre como usar a ventilação não invasiva por pressão positiva intermitente (NIV em oposição à pressão positiva bi-nível (PAP e ambas têm sido referidas, quase exclusivamente, como sendo utilizadas através de interfaces nasais ou oro-nasais, em vez de através de uma simples peça bucal.É referido com frequência a falência da ventilação não invasiva, devido à acumulação de secreções nas vias respiratórias, devido à hipercapnia por deficiente ajuste dos parâmetros da PAP ou devido a uma reduzida tolerância à interface. Esta última pode ser causada por fatores como pressão excessiva na face devido a um ajuste defeituoso, fuga excessiva de ar pela boca, ansiedade, claustrofobia e falta de sincronia entre o doente e o ventilador. Deste modo, a interface tem um papel crucial na tolerância e eficácia. Interfaces que cobrem o nariz e/ou a boca (oro-nasal são as mais habitualmente usadas, mas são as que apresentam maior propensão a provocarem lesões na pele e claustrofobia. A maioria dos inconvenientes associados pode ser evitada usando VNI por bocal. A VNI de circuito aberto por peça bucal está a ser usada por um número significativo de doentes em alguns centros, na assistência ventilatória diurna e como complemento da VNI noturna através de «máscara». A VNI por peça bucal é igualmente utilizada durante o sono com o bucal fixo na posição, através de uma orla de cobertura do lábio. As peças bucais mais utilizadas são as pequenas anguladas de 15 e 22 mm e as de tipo

  12. LLE review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keck, R.L. (ed.)

    1991-01-01

    This volume of the LLE Review, covering the period October-December 1991, contains articles on the analysis of argon-filled target experiments, and a theoretical analysis of the impact of nonlocal heat transport in laser filamentation in plasmas. In the Advanced Technology section there is an article on mechanisms that affect thin-film conductivity, and a report on the gain characteristics of the 20-cm SSA prototype amplifier to be used in the OMEGA Upgrade. Finally, the activities of the National Laser Users Facility and the GDL and OMEGA laser facilities are summarized. Highlights of the research reported in this issue are: argon radiation from argon-filled, polymer-shell targets is used as a core-temperature diagnostic and density diagnostic of the surrounding region in a regime where the argon line radiation is strongly absorbed. A theoretical analysis of the impact of nonlocal heat transport on laser filamentation in plasmas is developed. The resulting model is compared with experimental observations and the implications for ICF are discussed. A study of thermal conductivity in thin films seeks to identify mechanisms that result in degradation of thin-film conductivity. Identifying these mechanisms can lead to changes in the thin-film manufacture that will improve their resistance to laser damage.

  13. Book Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kragh, Helge

    2015-11-01

    Ever since the days of William Blake there has been an underground resistance against the soulless yet triumphant science and its unholy alliance with money, technology and political power. With the nearly undisputed hegemony that science and technological innovation has attained in the post-World War II era, this kind of resistance has resulted in numerous books and articles that in different ways warn against the dark sides of science and the socio-economic system that nourishes a science in degeneration. Classical examples include Herbert Marcuse's One-Dimensional Man (1964), Jacques Ellul's The Technological Society (1965), Theodore Roszak's The Making of a Counter Culture (1968), and Paul Feyerabend's Science in a Free Society (1978). A fair part of the literature written by sociologists and philosophers is not only critical to trends in modern science, but tends to or is overtly anti-science. The book under review belongs in some respects to this heterogeneous literary tradition, but Twilight of the Scientific Age is primarily directed against the institutional system of science and its associated ideology and not against science itself. Indeed, the author is himself a practicing scientist, an astrophysicist, and he emphasizes several times that he firmly believes in science, even that he loves it. He is not a "stupid cultural relativist," he asserts (p. 11), but a critical freethinker independent of dogmatic beliefs.

  14. CPAP review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chowdhury, Olie; Wedderburn, Catherine J; Duffy, Donovan; Greenough, Anne

    2012-10-01

    Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is widely used in neonatal units both as a primary mode of respiratory support and following extubation from mechanical ventilation. In this review, the evidence for CPAP use particularly in prematurely born infants is considered. Studies comparing methods of CPAP generation have yielded conflicting results, but meta-analysis of randomised trials has demonstrated that delivering CPAP via short nasal prongs is most effective in preventing re-intubation. At present, there is insufficient evidence to establish the safety or efficacy of high flow nasal cannulae for prematurely born infants. Observational studies highlighted that early CPAP use rather than intubation and ventilation was associated with a lower incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), but this has not been confirmed in three large randomised trials. Meta-analysis of the results of randomised trials has demonstrated that use of CPAP reduces extubation failure, particularly if a CPAP level of 5 cm H2O or more is used. Nasal injury can occur and is related to the length of time CPAP is used; weaning CPAP by pressure rather than by "time-cycling" reduces the weaning time and may reduce BPD. In conclusion, further studies are required to identify the optimum mode of CPAP generation and it is important that prematurely born infants are weaned from CPAP as soon as possible.

  15. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2008-12-01

    Jon Fraenkel; The manipulation of custom; From uprising to intervention in the Solomon Islands (Jaap Timmer Clive Moore; Happy isles in crisis; The historical causes for a failing state in Solomon Islands, 1998-2004 (Jaap Timmer Peter Burns; The Leiden legacy; Concepts of law in Indonesia (Bryan S. Turner Terry Crowley; Bislama reference grammar (Kees Versteegh REVIEW ESSAY Matthew Isaac Cohen; Transnational and postcolonial gamelan Lisa Gold; Music in Bali Margaret J. Kartomi; The Gamelan Digul and the prison camp musician who built it; An Australian link with the Indonesian revolution Marc Perlman; Unplayed melodies; Javanese gamelan and the genesis of music theory Ted Solís (ed.; Performing ethnomusicology; Teaching and representation in world music ensembles Henry Spiller; Gamelan; The traditional sounds of Indonesia Andrew N. Weintraub; Power plays; Wayang golek theater of West Java REVIEW ESSAY Victor T. King; People and nature in Borneo Tim Bending; Penan histories; Contentious narratives in upriver Sarawak Rajindra K. Puri; Deadly dances in the Bornean rainforest; Hunting knowledge of the Penan Benalui, 2005 Reed L. Wadley (ed.; Histories of the Borneo environment; Economic, political and social dimensions of change and continuity In: Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde no. 162 (2006, no: 4, Leiden

  16. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2008-12-01

    , and way of life (Nicholas Tapp K.S. Nathan, Mohammad Hashim Kamali (eds; Islam in Southeast Asia; Political, social and strategic challenges for the 21st century (Bryan S. Turner Andrew Pawley, Robert Attenborough, Jack Golson, Robin Hide (eds; Papuan pasts; Cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples (Lourens de Vries Leo Howe, The changing world of Bali; Religion, society and tourism (Carol Warren Sarah Weiss; Listening to an earlier Java; Aesthetics, gender, and the music of wayang in Central Java (Andrew N. Weintraub REVIEW ESSAY Terry Crowley: Four grammars of Malakula languages Crowley, Terry (ed. by John Lynch; The Avava language of Central Malakula (Vanuatu Crowley, Terry (ed. by John Lynch; Tape: a declining language of Malakula (Vanuatu Crowley, Terry (ed. by John Lynch; Naman: a vanishing language of Malakula (Vanuatu Crowley, Terry (ed. by John Lynch; Nese: a diminishing speech variety of Northwest Malakula (Vanuatu (Alexandre Francois REVIEW ESSAY -- ‘The folly our descendants are least likely to forgive us’: the end of nature in Southeast Asia? Michael R. Dove, Percy E. Sajise, Amity A. Doolittle (eds; Conserving nature in culture; Case studies from Southeast Asia Jeyamalar Kathirithamby-Wells; Nature and nation; Forests and development in peninsular Malaysia Celia Lowe; Wild profusion; Biodiversity conservation in an Indonesian archipelago John F. McCarthy; The fourth circle; A political ecology of Sumatra’s rainforest frontier Budy P. Resosudarmo (ed.; The politics and economics of Indonesia’s natural resources Jeffrey R. Vincent, Rozali Mohamed Ali; Managing natural wealth; Environment and development in Malaysia (David Henley In: Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde no. 163 (2007, no: 2/3, Leiden

  17. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2010-09-01

    upland Southeast Asia. (Guido Sprenger Guido Sprenger, Die Männer, die den Geldbaum fällten; Konzepte von Austausch und Gesellschaft bei den Rmeet von Takheung, Laos. (Oliver Tappe Review Essay Two books on East Timor. Carolyn Hughes, Dependent communities; Aid and politics in Cambodia and East Timor. David Mearns (ed., Democratic governance in Timor-Leste; Reconciling the local and the national. (Helene van Klinken Review Essay Two books on Islamic terror Zachary Abuza, Political Islam and violence in Indonesia. Noorhaidi Hasan, Laskar jihad; Islam, militancy, and the quest for identity in post-New Order Indonesia. (Gerry van Klinken Korte Signaleringen Janneke van Dijk, Jaap de Jonge en Nico de Klerk, J.C. Lamster, een vroege filmer in Nederlands-Indië. Griselda Molemans en Armando Ello, Zwarte huid, oranje hart; Afrikaanse KNIL-nazaten in de diaspora. Reisgids Indonesië; Oorlogsplekken 1942-1949. Hilde Janssen, Schaamte en onschuld; Het verdrongen oorlogsverleden van troostmeisjes in Indonesië. Jan Banning, Comfort women/Troostmeisjes. (Harry Poeze

  18. Book Review:

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hudson, R. P.

    1981-04-01

    In July 1976, some thirty young scientists and their lecturers were privileged to participate in a conference on "Metrology and the Fundamental Constants" at Varenna, this being the 68th course in the "Enrico Fermi International School of Physics". Now, at last, we are all privileged to share in that experience—to a large degree—with the appearance of the Proceedings, published last summer under the auspices of the Italian Physical Society. This rather massive volume (800 pages) places in one's hands a summary of the "state of the art" in the greater part of physical metrology. It is not, however, a metrology handbook, designed to assist the unskilled in making trustworthy measurements. It summarizes, via the lectures of internationally-recognized experts, the most recent attempts to realize with enhanced accuracy the basic units of measurement and, in so doing, it presents the subject of measurement science as the central (or all-pervasive) topic in physics itself. Clearly demonstrated is the progress from discovery to "understanding" of physical phenomena which is made possible through the historical alternation of observation and measurement. The volume includes informative reviews of the fundamentals of this fundamental science, namely, the concepts of quantities and units (Allisy); systems of units and the Système International, SI. (Terrien); international aspects of metrology and standards (Terrien); practical considerations in a hierarchy of standards (Terrien); materials problems affecting metrology (Ferro Milone and Sourdo) and statistical methods (Allisy). These discussions alone, being brought together in one place, are of particular usefulness. The remaining, and major, part of the book is taken up by authoritative and generally very readable discussions of measurement topics, for the most part separately focused on one of the base units. For these one cannot help noticing nor refrain from recording a measure of imbalance: some quantities (for

  19. Book Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Brown

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Phillip M. Morse and Herman Feshbach, Professors of Physics at the MIT, published their biblical-sized textbook ‘Methods of Theoretical Physics’ with McGraw-Hill in May 1953. At 1978 pages and published in two books, it is an intimidating twin tome that should still be atop the reading lists or the bookshelves of every mathematical physicist. What material is covered in this book? In the most concise of terms, this book is devoted to the study of differential equations and associated boundary conditions that describe physical fields. The thirteen chapters address what circumstances warrant the use of which differential equations, and most often addresses the question of coordinate system transformations, for example, how do Green's functions for Laplace's Equation transform under different coordinate systems? Under what circumstances the solutions can be expected to be separable? Many examples are covered to illustrate these points. Why is this book relevant to Software Programmers? This book is part of the background that any scientific programmer is likely to need in dealing with physical fields. This book was written before personal computers became ubiquitous, however it is still an outstanding effort to tie the methods of solving differential equations governing fields together in one book. The book never received a second edition, however, it was reprinted to an outstanding standard by Feshbach Publishing since 2004, run by the children of Herman Feshbach. Their website is feshbachpublishing.com. The majority of this review is a mini-commentary of the book showing what is covered in a very terse fashion, which may be useful as a summary even for those who have already read the full text. I then give a brief analysis of the approach to mathematical physics taken by the book. Finally, I will discuss who will benefit from reading this magnificent treatise, nearly 60 years after it was first published.

  20. PETC Review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santore, R.R.; Blaustein, B.D.; Friedman, S.; Reiss, J.; Brown, J.; Price, M.M. (eds.)

    1993-01-01

    This issue of the PETC Review is devoted to explaining how the private sector can do business with DOE-and with PETC in particular-and how DOE works with academia, industry, and state and local groups to accomplish objectives of mutual interest. Over the past several years, the notion of cost-sharing'' has been receiving increased attention. Indeed, cost-shared RD D is becoming the norm, not only within DOE but also among other government agencies, including the Department of Defense. It may surprise some of our readership to learn that RD D cost-sharing is not a new government policy. In fact, it has been part of the DOE Acquisition Regulations from their inception in 1977. In lay terms, cost participation, a general kind of cost-sharing, is required for RD D efforts in which the non-Federal participant's goal is commercialization or in situations for which it is reasonable to expect that economic benefits will accrue to the participant as a result of the work. The policy is quite flexible and states that the degree of non-DOEcost participation depends on a number of factors, including the nature of the work performed and the extent of the project risk. As competition for RD D funds increases, it is to be expected that cost-sharing requirements for development, and even for basic research, will increase. Nevertheless, we think that Federal support of RD D will continue to be necessary to maintain this country's leadership in science, technology, industry, and living standards.

  1. Book Review:

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbour, J. B.

    2007-02-01

    These colloquium proceedings will be valuable, the blurb says, for graduate students and researchers in cosmology and theoretical astrophysics. Specifically, the book 'looks at both the strengths and weaknesses of the current big bang model in explaining certain puzzling data' and gives a 'comprehensive coverage of the expanding field of cosmology'. The reality is rather different. Conference proceedings rarely compare in value with a solid monograph or good review articles, and Current Issues in Cosmology is no exception. The colloquium was convened by the two editors, who have both long harboured doubts about the big bang, and was held in Paris in June 2004. The proceedings contain 19 presented papers and relatively brief summary comments by four panel speakers. The questions and answers at the end of each talk and a general discussion at the end were recorded and transcribed but contain little of interest. The nature of the colloquium is indicated by panellist Francesco Bertola's comment: 'While in the 1950s it was possible to speak of rival theories in cosmology, now the big-bang picture has no strong rivals. This is confirmed by the fact that out of 1500 members of the IAU Division VIII (Galaxies and the Universe) only a dozen, although bright people, devote their time to the heterodox views.' This was largely a platform for them to give their views. At least half of the dozen, all the 'usual suspects', were present: Geoffery and Margaret Burbidge, Jayant Narlikar, Halton Arp, Chandra Wickramasinghe and, in spirit only but playing a role somewhat like the ghost of Hamlet's father, the late Fred Hoyle. Doubters presented 12 of the 19 papers. Orthodoxy should certainly be challenged and the sociology of science questioned, but I found two main problems with this book. The papers putting the orthodox view are too short, even perfunctory. The most that a serious graduate student would get out of them is a reference to a far better review article or book on modern

  2. Book Review:

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Steve

    2008-11-01

    life and is a condensed history of the development of nuclear physics, political changes and world affairs over the period. It is succinctly arranged and the reader is taken remarkably rapidly through the salient details of the above story in a most readable way. The author states that his intention for the book is to bring the story to a much wider audience than those who work in nuclear or medical physics. Indeed he hopes it will be read by those who might call themselves non-scientists and also young people who might be inspired to pursue a career in physics. Throughout the book salient physics is compartmentalised into bite-sized boxes and explained through analogy, simple diagrams and hardly an equation in sight. Thus one such box entitled 'How to make Nukes work!' should not alarm readers or anti-terror watchdogs. The barest of information is given at all stages; just enough to follow the Rotblat story. In essence the book will be of most use to those who have only the vaguest ideas of the above story. Readers expecting a definitive, well-referenced, chronological tome, backed by a substantial bibliography of primary peer-reviewed papers, will be disappointed. Kit Hill points though to such a definitive work published two years ago by the University of Liverpool. This reviewer felt that maybe the book is a little too thin and in places longed for rather more substance and detail. The author would surely, in his defence, say 'look elsewhere'. This said, it can easily be read cover to cover in one short evening sitting. In a world burgeoned with paperwork to read, that might be considered an advantage. A second disappointment is that there is virtually nothing on the productivity of Rotblat over 30 years as Professor of Medical Physics. This reviewer feels that is a lost opportunity. Kit Hill, personal friend of Jo Rotblat and co-worker with Pugwash, was himself in a similar role (though working mainly with non-ionizing ultrasound radiation) and could have made his

  3. Nuclear Posture Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-02-01

    REVIEW margin for further delay in recapitalizing the physical infrastructure needed to produce strategic materials and components for U.S. nuclear... REVIEW 2018 This page left intentionally blank REVIEW NUCLEAR POSTURE REVIEW FEBRUARY 2018...OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE This page left intentionally blank REVIEW CONTENTS SECRETARY’S PREFACE

  4. 75 FR 44294 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-28

    ... Securities Exchange.'' The rule governs the remuneration that a broker affiliated with a registered... requires a fund's board of directors to establish, and review as necessary, procedures reasonably designed to provide that the remuneration to an affiliated broker is a fair amount compared to that received...

  5. Book Review:

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poisson, E.

    2006-09-01

    The motion of a charged particle interacting with its own electromagnetic field is an area of research that has a long history; this problem has never ceased to fascinate its investigators. On the one hand the theory ought to be straightforward to formulate: one has Maxwell's equations that tell the field how to behave (given the motion of the particle), and one has the Lorentz-force law that tells the particle how to move (given the field). On the other hand the theory is fundamentally ambiguous because of the field singularities that necessarily come with a point particle. While each separate sub-problem can easily be solved, to couple the field to the particle in a self-consistent treatment turns out to be tricky. I believe it is this dilemma (the theory is straightforward but tricky) that has been the main source of the endless fascination. For readers of Classical and Quantum Gravity, the fascination does not end there. For them it is also rooted in the fact that the electromagnetic self-force problem is deeply analogous to the gravitational self-force problem, which is of direct relevance to future gravitational wave observations. The motion of point particles in curved spacetime has been the topic of a recent Topical Review [1], and it was the focus of a recent Special Issue [2]. It is surprising to me that radiation reaction is a subject that continues to be poorly covered in the standard textbooks, including Jackson's bible [3]. Exceptions are Rohrlich's excellent text [4], which makes a very useful introduction to radiation reaction, and the Landau and Lifshitz classic [5], which contains what is probably the most perfect summary of the foundational ideas (presented in characteristic terseness). It is therefore with some trepidation that I received Herbert Spohn's book, which covers both the classical and quantum theories of a charged particle coupled to its own field (the presentation is limited to flat spacetime). Is this the text that graduate students

  6. Book Review:

    Science.gov (United States)

    Folacci, Antoine; Jensen, Bruce

    2003-12-01

    Thanks to its impressive success in the second half of the 20th century, both in high-energy physics and in critical phenomena, quantum field theory has enjoyed an abundant literature. We therefore greet yet another book on this subject with caution: what can a monograph on quantum field theory bring now that is new, either conceptually or pedagogically? But when it is written by a physicist such as Bryce DeWitt, who has made his own contribution to the collection of field theory books with The Global Approach to Quantum Field Theory, all suspicion is naturally abandoned. One knows in advance that this book can only lead to a genuine enrichment of the literature. DeWitt has made a formidable contribution to various areas of physics: general relativity, the interpretation of quantum mechanics, and most of all the quantization of non-Abelian gauge theories and quantum gravity. In addition, his pedagogical publications, especially the Les Houches schools of 1963 and 1983 [1, 2], have had a great impact on quantum field theory. All this makes the reader keen to pick up his new work and a deeper reading confirms the reviewer's initial enthusiasm. We must begin by alerting the potential readers of this book that it cannot be compared to any other book in the field (unless of course we are talking about references [1] and [2], of which the book under review is an extension and reworking). This uniqueness applies to both the scientific content and the way the ideas are presented. A quick description of this book and a brief explanation of its title should convince the reader of the book's unique quality. For DeWitt, a central concept of field theory is that of `space of histories'. For a field varphii defined on a given spacetime M, the set of all varphii(x) for all x in all charts of M defines its history. It is the space Phi of all possible histories (dynamically allowed or not) of the fields defined on M which is called the `space of histories' by DeWitt. If only

  7. Book Review:

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walcher, J.

    2006-10-01

    This book is a find. Mariño meets the challenge of filling in less than 200 pages the need for an accessible review of topological gauge / gravity duality. He is one of the pioneers of the subject and a clear expositor. It is no surprise that reading this book is a great pleasure. The existence of dualities between gauge theories and theories of gravity remains one of the most surprising recent discoveries in mathematical physics. While it is probably fair to say that we do not yet understand the full reach of such a relation, the impressive amount of evidence that has accumulated over the past years can be regarded as a substitute for a proof, and will certainly help to delineate the question of what is the most fundamental quantum mechanical theory. As has been the case in the past, it is in the context of Witten's 'topological' quantum theories that the mathematical framework is well enough established to firmly ground, and fully benefit from, the development of the physical theories. This book makes an important contribution to this new chapter in the math / physics interaction. There are two main instances of topological gauge/gravity duality. In the A-model, Chern Simons gauge theory on the 3-sphere is related to the closed topological string theory on the local Calabi Yau 3-fold {\\mathcal O}_{{\\mathbb P}^1}(-1) \\oplus{\\mathcal O}_{{\\mathbb P}^1} (-1), also known as the resolved conifold (Gopakumar-Vafa duality). In the B-model, certain types of matrix models are related on the gravity side to topological strings on certain cousins of the deformed conifold (Dijkgraaf-Vafa duality). In both cases, and similarly to the more physical AdS/CFT correspondence, the duality can be discovered by realizing the gauge theory as the target space theory of open strings ending on particular D-branes in a geometry closely related to the closed string background of the gravity theory. The A-branes supporting Chern Simons theory are wrapped on the Lagrangian three

  8. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2008-12-01

    John Bowden, Nikolaus Himmelmann (eds; Papers in Austronesian subgrouping and dialectology (Hein Steinhauer Sebastiaan Pompe; The Indonesian Supreme Court; A study of institutional collapse (Bryan S. Turner Gerd R. Zimmermann; Indonesien; Eine geographische Landeskunde (Robert Wessing REVIEW ESSAY Dick van der Meij; Latest editions of Indonesian classical texts A. Teeuw, R. Dumas, Muhammad Haji Salleh, R. Tol, M.J. van Yperen (eds; A merry senhor in the Malay world; Four texts of the Syair Sinyor Kosta Julian Millie; Bidasari; Jewel of Malay Muslim culture. A. Teeuw, S.O. Robson (eds; Bhom?ntaka; The death of Bhoma J. Noorduyn, A. Teeuw; Three Old Sundanese poems In: Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde (BKI, no. 162 (2006, no: 2/3, Leiden

  9. Book Review:

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borcherds, P.

    2005-03-01

    superb quotations to include all of them in this review, but one of Bragg's Golden Rules for newcomers to his laboratory should be on the door of every experimental laboratory: 'Never be afraid to carry on an experiment which is declared stupid by the theorists [sic] of the laboratory'. This book is, as its subtitle implies, about Bragg and about his science. Hunter has skilfully and seamlessly interwoven the two strands. At one minute you are reading about the man and at the next you realize you are reading about the science. In writing about the science, Hunter writes knowledgeably and expects the reader to make an effort to understand. In this he is following the precept of Bragg who, when advised to avoid technical terms when lecturing to a lay audience, ridiculed this attitude with a telling metaphor: 'What could be more technical than a description of a football match? To picture the scientist's plight, one must imagine the sports expert being told to describe the match using as little as possible such terms as "ball'' or "goal'', and of course avoiding the very complex ideas involved in "try'' or "offside'' '. Bragg made several major contributions to crystallography and these are described, as already mentioned. One has to concentrate quite hard to follow but the effort is worthwhile and Hunter manages not only to convey the excitement felt by Bragg and his colleagues but also to let the reader feel it too. Bragg interacted strongly with other crystallographers, not least with his father, but also with Pauling. At times there was a close race between Bragg and Pauling, which is fully discussed. Bragg succeeded Rutherford at Cambridge. The appointment was controversial. Under Rutherford the Cavendish Laboratory concentrated on nuclear physics, while Bragg was a crystallographer, with little interest in nuclear physics. However the crystallographic work Bragg encouraged on haemoglobin and DNA led to several Nobel prizes. Bragg's activities in canvassing for Nobel

  10. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2010-04-01

    Nio Liem, De rechtspositie der Chinezen in Nederlands-Indië 1848-1942; Wetgevingsbeleid tussen beginsel en belang. (Mary Somers Heidhues Zhou Daguan, A record of Cambodia: the land and its people. (Un Leang REVIEW ESSAY Longitudinal studies in Javanese performing arts Benjamin Brinner, Music in Central Java; Experiencing music, expressing culture. Barbara Hatley, Javanese performances on an Indonesian stage; Contesting culture, embracing change. Felicia Hughes-Freeland, Embodied communities; Dance traditions and change in Java. (Matthew Isaac Cohen REVIEW ESSAY Development and reform in Vietnam Stéphanie Balme and Mark Stephanie (eds, Vietnam’s new order; International perspectives on the state and reform in Vietnam. Sujian Guo, The political economy of Asian transition from communism. Ian Jeffries, Vietnam: a guide to economic and political developments. Pietro Masina, Vietnam’s development strategies. (Tran Quang Anh KORTE SIGNALERINGEN Ulbe Bosma, Indiëgangers; Verhalen van Nederlanders die naar Indië trokken. Clara Brinkgreve, Met Indië verbonden; Een verhaal van vier generaties 1849-1949. Jack Botermans en Heleen Tichler, Het vergeten Indië; Stille getuigen van het dagelijks leven in het Indië van toen. Robin te Slaa en Edwin Klijn, De NSB; Ontstaan en opkomst van de Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging, 1931-1935. Mark Loderichs, Margaret Leidelmeijer, Johan van Langen en Jan Kompagnie, Verhalen in Documenten; Over het afscheid van Indië, 1940-1950. Frederik Erens en Adrienne Zuiderweg, Linggadjati, brug naar de toekomst; Soetan Sjahrir als een van de grondleggers van het vrije Indonesië. Peter Schumacher, met medewerking van Gerard de Boer, De zaak Aernout; Hardnekkige mythes rond een Indische moord ontrafeld. Cas Oorthuys, Een staat in wording; Fotoreportage van Cas Oorthuys over het Indonesië van 1947. René Kok, Erik Somers en Louis Zweers, Koloniale oorlog 1945-1949; Van Indië tot Indonesië. H.F. Veenendaal

  11. Environmental Review Records

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — HUD’s Environmental Review Records page houses environmental reviews made publicly available through the HUD Environmental Review Online System (HEROS). This...

  12. Book Reviews: Volume 8

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Chris Frost Media Ethics and Self Regulation, reviewed by Michael Foley Damien Kiberd (ed.) Media in Ireland: The Search for Ethical Journalism, reviewed by David Quin Peter Mason and Derrick Smith Magazine Law: A Practical Guide, reviewed by Eavan Murphy

  13. Book Review:

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arimondo, Ennio

    2004-07-01

    For many years the Institute of Physics has published books on hot topics based on a collection of reprints from different journals, including some remarks by the editors of each volume. The book on Optical Angular Momentum, edited by L Allen, S M Barnett and M J Padgett, is a recent addition to the series. It reproduces forty four papers originally published in different journals and in a few cases it provides direct access to works not easily accessible to a web navigator. The collection covers nearly a hundred years of progress in physics, starting from an historic 1909 paper by Poynting, and ending with a 2002 paper by Padgett, Barnett and coworkers on the measurement of the orbital angular momentum of a single photon. The field of optical angular momentum has expanded greatly, creating an interdisciplinary attraction for researchers operating in quantum optics, atomic physics, solid state physics, biophysics and quantum information theory. The development of laser optics, especially the control of single mode sources, has made possible the specific design of optical radiation modes with a high degree of control on the light angular momentum. The editors of this book are important figures in the field of angular momentum, having contributed to key progress in the area. L Allen published an historical paper in 1999, he and M J Padgett (together with M Babiker) produced few years ago a long review article which is today still the most complete basic introduction to the angular momentum of light, while S M Barnett has contributed several high quality papers to the progress of this area of physics. The editors' choice provides an excellent overview to all readers, with papers classified into eight different topics, covering the basic principles of the light and spin and orbital angular momentum, the laboratory tools for creating laser beams carrying orbital angular momentum, the optical forces and torques created by laser beams carrying angular momentum on

  14. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2005-01-01

    öder-Butterfill Andrew MacIntyre, The power of institutions; Political architecture and governance (Henk Schulte Nordholt Carol Ireson-Doolittle and Geraldine Moreno-Black, The Lao; Gender, power, and livelihood (Guido Sprenger David L. Gosling (with a foreword by Ninian Smart, Religion and ecology in India and Southeast Asia (Bryan S. Turner William C. Clarke, Remembering Papua New Guinea; An eccentric ethnography (Donald Tuzin Review essay Gerben Nooteboom: Competition, collateral damage, or ‘just accidents’? Three explanations of ethnic violence in Indonesia: - Jacques Bertrand, Nationalism and ethnic conflict in Indonesia - Cristina Eghenter, Bernard Sellato, and G. Simon Devung (eds, Social science research and conservation management in the interior of Borneo; Unravelling past and present interactions of people and forests - Nancy Lee Peluso and Michael Watts (eds, Violent environments - Günther Schlee (ed., Imagined differences; Hatred and the construction of identity

  15. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2008-12-01

    Melaka and Enyan anak Usen, Iban art; Sexual selection and severed heads: weaving, sculpture, tattooing and other arts of the Iban of Borneo (Viktor T. King John Roosa; Pretext for mass murder; The September 30th Movement and Suharto’s coup d’état in Indonesia (Gerry van Klinken Vladimir Braginsky; The heritage of traditional Malay literature; A historical survey of genres, writings and literary views (Dick van der Meij Joel Robbins, Holly Wardlow (eds; The making of global and local modernities in Melanesia; Humiliation, transformation and the nature of cultural change (Toon van Meijl Kwee Hui Kian; The political economy of Java’s northeast coast c. 1740-1800; Elite synergy (Luc Nagtegaal Charles A. Coppel (ed.; Violent conflicts in Indonesia; Analysis, representation, resolution (Gerben Nooteboom Tom Therik; Wehali: the female land; Traditions of a Timorese ritual centre (Dianne van Oosterhout Patricio N. Abinales, Donna J. Amoroso; State and society in the Philippines (Portia L. Reyes Han ten Brummelhuis; King of the waters; Homan van der Heide and the origin of modern irrigation in Siam (Jeroen Rikkerink Hotze Lont; Juggling money; Financial self-help organizations and social security in Yogyakarta (Dirk Steinwand Henk Maier; We are playing relatives; A survey of Malay writing (Maya Sutedja-Liem Hjorleifur Jonsson; Mien relations; Mountain people and state control in Thailand (Nicholas Tapp Lee Hock Guan (ed.; Civil society in Southeast Asia (Bryan S. Turner Jan Mrázek; Phenomenology of a puppet theatre; Contemplations on the art of Javanese wayang kulit (Sarah Weiss Janet Steele; Wars within; The story of Tempo, an independent magazine in Soeharto’s Indonesia (Robert Wessing REVIEW ESSAY Sean Turnell; Burma today Kyaw Yin Hlaing, Robert Taylor, Tin Maung Maung Than (eds; Myanmar; Beyond politics to societal imperatives Monique Skidmore (ed.; Burma at the turn of the 21st century Mya Than; Myanmar in ASEAN

  16. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratna Saptari

    1994-07-01

    , Harold Brookfield, South-East Asia’s environmental future; The search for sustainability. Tokyo: United Nations University Press, Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press, 1993, xxxii + 422 pp., maps, tables, figures, index., Yvonne Byron (eds. - Antje van der Hoek, Keebet von Benda-Beckmann, De emancipatie van Molukse vrouwen in Nederland. Utrecht: Van Arkel,1992, Francy Leatemia-Toma-tala (eds. - Michael Hitchcock, Brita L. Miklouho-Maklai, Exposing Society’s Wounds; Some aspects of Indonesian Art since 1966. Adelaide: Flinders University Asian studies Monograph No.5, illustrations, 1991, iii + 125 pp - Nico Kaptein, Fred R. von der Mehden, Two Worlds of Islam; Interaction between Southeast Asia and the Middle East.Gainesville etc: University Press of Florida 1993, xiii + 128 pp - Nico Kaptein, Karel Steenbrink, Dutch Colonialism and Indonesian Islam; Contacts and Conflicts 1596-1950. Amsterdam-Atlanta, GA: Rodopi, 1993. - Harry A. Poeze, Rudolf Mrázek, Sjahrir; Politics and exile in Indonesia. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University, Southeast Asia Program, 1994. - W.G.J. Remmelink, Takao Fusayama, A Japanese memoir of Sumatra 1945-1946; Love and hatred in the liberation war. Ithaca: Cornell University (Cornell Modern Indonesia Project Monograph series 71, 1993, 151 pp., maps, illustrations. - Ratna Saptari, Diana Wolf, Factory Daughters; Gender, Household Dynamics, and Rural Industrialization in Java. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992. - Ignatius Supriyanto, Ward Keeler, Javanese Shadow Puppets. Singapore (etc.: Oxford University Press, 1992, vii + 72 pp.,bibl., ills. (Images of Asia. - Brian Z. Tamanaha,S.J.D., Juliana Flinn, Review of diplomas and thatch houses; Asserting tradition in a changing Micronesia. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1992. - Gerard Termorshuizen, Dorothée Buur, Indische jeugdliteratuur; Geannoteerde bibliografie van jeugdboeken over Nederlands-Indië en Indonesië, 1825-1991. Leiden, KITLV Uitgeverij, 1992, 470 pp

  17. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. van Baal

    1965-01-01

    Full Text Available - R.J. Mohr, Bernard J. Siegel, Biennial Review of Anthropology 1963. Stanford University Press. Stanford, California, 1963. 306 pp. - P.E. de Josselin de Jong, Jean Poirier, Guide d’enquête monographique appliquée aux sociétés malgaches. Faculté des lettres et sciences humaines de Madagascar, Tananarive 1962. - P.E. de Josselin de Jong, Jean Poirier, L’inventaire ethno-topographique. Departement des sciences humaines, Faculté des lettres et sciences humaines, Université de Madagascar, Tananarive 1963. - H.Th. Fischer, P. van Emst, Panorama der Volken, I (Volken van Amerika en Oceanië, onder redactie van P. van Emst. Romen en zonen, Roermond 1964. 515 blz., vele ills. - C. Nooteboom, W. Frölich, Völkerkundliche Forschungen, Martin Heydrich zum 70. Geburtstag überreicht von Freunden und Schülern, herausgegeben von W. Frölich (Ethnologica, Neue Folge, Band 2, Köln, 1960. 557 S., 46 Tafeln, 116 Abb. - J. van Baal, Claude Levi-Strauss, Totemism. Translated from the French by Rodney Needham. Beacon Press, Boston, 1963. 116 pp. - J.J. Fahrenfort, Luc de Heusch, Le Pouvoir et le Sacré. Annales de Centre d’ Etude des Religions I. Université de Bruxelles. Institut de Sociologie (Solvay 1962. 228 pp. - H.J.M. Claessen, Montserrat Palau Marti, Le Roi-Dieu au Bénin, Sud Togo, Dahomey, Nigeria Occidentale. Collection Mondes d’Outre-mer, Série: Nations. Berger Levrault, Paris 1964. - P.E. de Josselin de Jong, F. Sierksma, Profiel van een incarnatie. G.A. van Oorschot, Amsterdam 1964. 244 blz. - B.A.L. Cranstone, Carl A. Schmitz, Wantoat: Art and religion of the Northeast New Guinea Papuans. Translated from the German by Mrs. G.E. van Baaren-Pape. Mouton (the Hague, Paris, 1963. 159 pp. 47 plates. - A.A. Gerbrands, William Fagg, Nigerian images. Lund Humphries, London, 1963. 47 pages, 144 plates by Herbert List. - A.A. Gerbrands, Marcelle Urbain-Faublée, L’art malgache. Presses Universitaires de France, Paris, 1963. 141 pag. 100

  18. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2009-05-01

    and sails the boat downstream: Malay Sufi poems of the boat (Suryadi Gilles Gravelle; Meyah: An east Bird’s Head language of Papua, Indonesia (Ian Tupper Penny Edwards; Cambodge: The cultivation of a nation, 1860-1945 (Un Leang J. Stephen Lansing; Perfect order: Recognizing complexity in Bali (Carol Warren Roxana Waterson (ed.; Southeast Asian lives: Personal narratives and historical experience (C.W. Watson Jean DeBernardi; The way that lives in the heart: Chinese popular religion and spirit mediums in Penang, Malaysia (Robert Wessing REVIEW ESSAY Environmental and archaeological perspectives on Southeast Asia Peter Boomgaard; Southeast Asia: An environmental history Peter Boomgaard (ed.; A world of water: Rain, rivers and seas in Southeast Asian histories Ian Glover and Peter Bellwood (eds; Southeast Asia: From prehistory to history Avijit Gupta (ed.; The physical geography of Southeast Asia (Eric C. Thompson

  19. Engineering Review Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grems, III, Edward G. (Inventor); Henze, James E. (Inventor); Bixby, Jonathan A. (Inventor); Roberts, Mark (Inventor); Mann, Thomas (Inventor)

    2015-01-01

    A disciplinal engineering review computer information system and method by defining a database of disciplinal engineering review process entities for an enterprise engineering program, opening a computer supported engineering item based upon the defined disciplinal engineering review process entities, managing a review of the opened engineering item according to the defined disciplinal engineering review process entities, and closing the opened engineering item according to the opened engineering item review.

  20. A scoping review of rapid review methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tricco, Andrea C; Antony, Jesmin; Zarin, Wasifa; Strifler, Lisa; Ghassemi, Marco; Ivory, John; Perrier, Laure; Hutton, Brian; Moher, David; Straus, Sharon E

    2015-09-16

    Rapid reviews are a form of knowledge synthesis in which components of the systematic review process are simplified or omitted to produce information in a timely manner. Although numerous centers are conducting rapid reviews internationally, few studies have examined the methodological characteristics of rapid reviews. We aimed to examine articles, books, and reports that evaluated, compared, used or described rapid reviews or methods through a scoping review. MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, internet websites of rapid review producers, and reference lists were searched to identify articles for inclusion. Two reviewers independently screened literature search results and abstracted data from included studies. Descriptive analysis was conducted. We included 100 articles plus one companion report that were published between 1997 and 2013. The studies were categorized as 84 application papers, seven development papers, six impact papers, and four comparison papers (one was included in two categories). The rapid reviews were conducted between 1 and 12 months, predominantly in Europe (58 %) and North America (20 %). The included studies failed to report 6 % to 73 % of the specific systematic review steps examined. Fifty unique rapid review methods were identified; 16 methods occurred more than once. Streamlined methods that were used in the 82 rapid reviews included limiting the literature search to published literature (24 %) or one database (2 %), limiting inclusion criteria by date (68 %) or language (49 %), having one person screen and another verify or screen excluded studies (6 %), having one person abstract data and another verify (23 %), not conducting risk of bias/quality appraisal (7 %) or having only one reviewer conduct the quality appraisal (7 %), and presenting results as a narrative summary (78 %). Four case studies were identified that compared the results of rapid reviews to systematic reviews. Three studies found that the conclusions between

  1. Book Review:

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swenson, C. A.

    1984-01-01

    maintained a very active interest in the affairs of the CCT. The above outline of the author's background is given here to emphasize his qualifications for presuming to undertake the writing of such an extensive and comprehensive monograph, and for doing it so well, since no similar information is given in "Temperature" nor in any of the advertising. He successfully conveys the viewpoints of both the basic scientist, whose interests are in standards thermometry and forefront research, and the person whose goals are the selection and use of the most appropriate thermometer. After an historical introduction, each of the various chapters (Thermodynamic and practical temperature scales, The measurement of thermodynamic temperatures, Fixed points and comparison baths, Resistance thermometry, Thermocouples, Radiation thermometry, Mercury-in-glass thermometry) and subsections has a similar format. This includes a capsule theoretical introduction and analysis of the subject to orient the reader and to establish limitations and approximations, a description of the current state of the art, and, finally, a nuts-and-bolts presentation which, where appropriate, includes industrial applications. Numerous tables, both in the text and in the appendices, document these discussions, along with an extensive listing of citations (close to 500) to original papers, review articles and other monographs. The coverage of topics is thorough and well-balanced, and suffers only moderately (but not deleteriously) from the biases of the author. My interests in low temperature thermometry extend upwards to 0 °C, and the author's treatment of this area is comprehensive and is done with understanding. He appears to have done equally well done equally well in the sections on higher temperature and more applied thermometry. The theoretical discussions are to educate the reader about the basic physics and consequent limitations and problems in each area. This is a difficult task which is done well on the

  2. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Nagata

    1986-04-01

    Full Text Available - Matthias Stiefel, W.F. Wertheim, Matthias Stiefel, Rejoinder to Duller’s review in BKI 142-I, with comments by H.J. Duller., W.F. Wertheim (eds. - K.A. Adelaar, James T. Collins, The historical relationship of the languages of central Maluku, Indonesia, Pacific Linguistics Series D, No. 47, 1983. - J.G. de Casparis, Antoinette M. Barrett Jones, Early tenth-century Java from the inscriptions. A study of economic, social and administrative conditions in the first quarter of the century, Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde No. 107, Dordrecht/Cinnaminson 1984. XI + 204 pp. - P.J. Drooglever, L. de Jong, Het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden in de Tweede Wereldoorlog, deel 11a, Nederlands-Indië I, eerste en tweede helft, Martinus Nijhoff, Leiden 1984, 1199 pp., kaarten, foto’s. - David T. Hill, Julie Southwood, Indonesia: Law, propaganda and terror, with foreword by W.F. Wertheim, Zed press, 1983, 272 pp., Patrick Flanagan (eds. - V.J.H. Houben, C.Ch. van den Haspel, Overwicht in overleg. Hervormingen van justitie, grondgebruik en bestuur in de Vorstenlanden op Java 1880-1930, VKI 111, Dordrecht: Foris publications, 1985. - Maarten Kuitenbrouwer, J. van Goor, Imperialisme in de marge. De afronding van Nederlands-Indië, Utrecht 1985. - Harry A. Poeze, Hansje Galesloot, De Nederlandse vakbondsperiodieken van het IISG; Systematisch overzicht. Amsterdam: Stichting Internationaal Instituut voor Sociale Geschiedenis, 1985, xiv + 241 pp., Tom van der Meer (eds. - Harry A. Poeze, Frits G.P. Jacquet, Sources of the history of Asia and Oceania in the Netherlands. Part II: Sources 1796-1949. München etc.: Saur, 1983, 547 pp. - Harry A. Poeze, Mies Campfens, De Nederlandse archieven van het Internationaal Instituut voor sociale geschiedenis te Amsterdam. Amsterdam: Van Gennep, 1984, 294 pp. - Harry A. Poeze, Henk Hondius, Inventaris van het archief van de Sociaal-Democratische arbeiders partij (SDAP 1894-1946. Amsterdam

  3. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available -Johann Angerler, Achim Sibeth, Vom Kultobjekt zur Massenware; Kulturhistorische und kunstethnologische Studie zur figürlichen Holzschnitzkunst der Batak in Nordsumatra/Indonesien. Herbolzheim: Centaurus, 2003, 416 pp. [Sozialökonomische Prozesse in Asien und Afrika 8.] -Greg Bankoff, Eva-Lotta E. Hedman ,Philippine politics and society in the twentieth century; Colonial legacies, post colonial trajectories. London: Routledge, 2000, xv + 206 pp. [Politics in Asia Series.], John T. Sidel (eds -Peter Boomgard, Andrew Dalby, Dangerous tastes; The story of spices. London: British Museum Press, 2002, 184 pp. -Max de Bruijn, G.J. Schutte, Het Indisch Sion; De Gereformeerde kerk onder de Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie. Hilversum: Verloren, 2002, 254 pp. [Serta Historica 7.] -Laura M. Calkins, Jacqueline Aquino Siapno, Gender, Islam, nationalism and the state in Aceh; The paradox of power, co-optation and resistance. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2002, xxi + 240 pp. -H.J.M. Claessen, Deryck Scarr, A history of the Pacific islands; Passages through tropical time. Richmond: Curzon, 2001, xviii + 323 pp. -Matthew Isaac Cohen, Sean Williams, The sound of the ancestral ship; Highland music of West Java. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001, xii + 276 pp. -Freek Colombijn, Raymond K.H. Chan ,Development in Southeast Asia; Review and prospects. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2002, xx + 265 pp., Kwan Kwok Leung, Raymond M.H. Ngan (eds -Heidi Dahles, Shinji Yamashita, Bali and beyond; Explorations in the anthropology of tourism. Translated and with an introduction by J.S. Eades, New York: Berghahn, 2003, xix + 175 pp. [Asian Anthropologies.] -Frank Dhont, Hans Antlöv ,Elections in Indonesia; The New Order and beyond. With contributions by Hans Antlöv, Syamsuddin Haris, Endang Turmudi, Sven Cederroth, Kaarlo Voionmaa. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2004, xii + 164 pp. [Nordic Institute of Asian Studies Monograph Series 88.], Sven Cederroth (eds -Frank Dhont, Aris Ananta

  4. Remuneration and Productivity of Labor in Transformational Economy with Low Efficiency Заработная плата и производительность труда в трансформационной низкоэффективной экономике

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Buleev Ivan. P.

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the results of the research of essence and content of remuneration in transformational mixed economy with low efficiency. Recommendations as to the increase of its stimulating function in motivation of labor have been suggested.В статье представлены результаты исследования сущности и содержания заработной платы в трансформационной многоукладной низкоэффективной экономике. предложены рекомендации по повышению её стимулирующей функции в мотивации труда работников.

  5. Book Review:

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chrusciel, P. T.

    2006-06-01

    Most of us sometimes have to face a student asking: 'What do I need to get started on this'. (In my case 'this' would typically be a topic in general relativity.) After thinking about it for quite a while, and consulting candidate texts again and again, a few days later I usually end up saying: read this chapter in book I (but without going too much detail), then that chapter in book II (but ignore all those comments), then the first few sections of this review paper (but do not try to work out equations NN to NNN), and then come back to see me. In the unlikely event that the student comes back without changing the topic, there follows quite a bit of explaining on a blackboard over the following weeks. From now on I will say: get acquainted with the material covered by this book. As far as Isham's book is concerned, 'this' in the student's question above can stand for any topic in theoretical physics which touches upon differential geometry (and I can only think of very few which do not). Said plainly: this book contains most of the introductory material necessary to get started in general relativity, or those branches of mathematical physics which require differential geometry. A student who has mastered the notions presented in the book will have a solid basis to continue into specialized topics. I am not aware of any other book which would be as useful as this one in terms of the spectrum of topics covered, stopping at the right place to get sufficient introductory insight. According to the publisher, these lecture notes are the content of an introductory course on differential geometry which is taken by first-year theoretical physics PhD students, or by students attending the one-year MSc course 'Quantum Fields and Fundamental Forces' at Imperial College, London. The volume is divided into six chapters: An Introduction to Topology Differential Manifolds Vector Fields and n-Forms Lie Groups Fibre Bundles Connections in a Bundle. It is a sad reflection on current

  6. Book Review:

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiefer, C.

    2005-10-01

    but not least, the issue of quantitative and testable predictions. Whether loop quantum gravity will become a physical theory is not clear. Nor is this clear for string theory or any other approach. However, loop quantum gravity provides a fascinating line of research and has much conceptual appeal. The present volume gives both an introduction and a review of this approach, making it suitable for advanced students as well as experts. It is certainly of interest for the readers of Classical and Quantum Gravity.

  7. Balancing mechanism status: January 2010; Bilan du mecanisme d'ajustement: janvier 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    RTE ensures the real-time balance between production and consumption and deals with congestion on the French electricity system. The Balancing Mechanism assists in the accomplishment of this task. As in many countries, and after extensive dialogue with representatives from the market's various players, RTE proposes a Balancing Mechanism in the form of a permanent and transparent system of calls for tender. The system is open to everyone and provides a real-time reserve of power that can be used for balancing either upward or downward. RTE takes advantage of these offers according to economic precedence, taking into account the system's operating conditions. It pays for them at the offer price. There are two types of offer: - Upward offer: increase in production, decrease in consumption, imports, - Downward offer: decrease in production, increase in consumption, exports. For a Balancing Entity, an offer systematically consists of: a balancing direction (upward/downward), a time period, a price that may vary according to six time slots. RTE publishes each month a Balancing Mechanism Report. which includes the following information: - energy volumes activated to ensure the balance of the system and to resolve congestion; - minimum and maximum prices of offers activated to balance the system; - daily trends calculated according to the predominant value of the overall upward or downward trend; - balancing shares by technology (nuclear, thermal, hydraulic); - characteristics of the five most activated balancing entities; - balances/imbalances accounts and production/consumption overcharge; - congestion curbing costs on the French electricity system; - energy volumes activated to ensure the balance of the system according to contracts between RTE and other Balance Responsible entities (UK, Belgium, Italy, Germany, Switzerland); - reliability of the provisional data supplied by RTE about the balancing trend; - availability of RTE's information services (planning, balancing mechanism, block exchange notification, market indicators). This report presents the above information for January 2010. (J.S.)

  8. La crisis y el ajuste cubano en los noventa: apuntes en torno a lo social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa Valdés Fernández

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper outlines the role played by the social sector within development strategies designed in Cuba, as well as the effects that the recent economic situation and the adjustment derived therefrom have had on the social sector’s role. This constitutes a necessary antecedent for an understanding of the conditions in which a new model of social policies ought to be formulated in the future, in tune with the transformations already under way in the economy and which will doubtless continue.

  9. AJUSTE A LA CRISIS Y MERCADO LABORAL (PERÚ 2008-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norberto E. García

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The present paper analyses the adjustment of the Peruvian economy to the external shock caused by the global crisis in 2008-2010, with particular attention to: i the macroeconomic policies adopted to face the external shock; ii the consequences of the adjustment for the labor market; iii the importance of the high rates of economic growth recorded by Peru before the crisis in obtaining a soft adjustment to the external shock; iv the reasons that explained why the Peruvian economy does not suffer a recession and only decelerates growth, which allow us to understand why the adjustment to the external shock does not have a negative effect on the labor market – as a matter of fact there is a reduction of the unemployment rate during the crisis.

  10. Mondialisation, ajustement et défi de la croissance partagée ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Far East Asia, Indonesia, Philippines, Viet Nam, Central Asia, South Asia ... productivity, and workers' welfare under globalization : case studies, insights, and policy recommendations ... Industry churning, the labor market and workers' welfare.

  11. Reseña del libro: Ajuste Cultural de la persona con Discapacidad Intelectual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maira Fernanda Hurtado Abril

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo realiza una breve exploración crítica del libro de Verdugo y Gutiérrez (2009, el cual tiene como eje central el análisis de la evolución del término “discapacidad” en los principales sistemas de acción, y la explicación de propuestas de intervención para la adaptabilidad de la persona con discapacidad intelectual. La lectura del libro transcurre de una manera armoniosa, clara y funcional para aquellos interesados en el tema (psicólogos, investigadores, terapeutas, educadores, familiares, buscando así la aplicación conjunta del modelo de una manera práctica y eficaz en la vida cotidiana de estas personas.

  12. Ajustement automatique des parametres de coupe pour l'obtention de stabilite dynamique en usinage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabet, Ricardo

    High speed machining has as principal limitation the dynamic stability of the cutting action which can generate premature wear of the machine spindle and the cutting tool, tool breakage and dimensional errors on the machined part. This phenomenon is known in the literature as chatter and is defined as being self-excited vibrations. This master thesis presents an approach applicable to manufacturing environments that allows eliminating chatter in real time during machining of aerospace aluminum alloys before the damaging effect can occur. A control algorithm is developed in order to detect chatter using a microphone and by analyzing the audio signal in the frequency domain. The analysis allows determining precisely the frequency at which the chatter occurs and therefore, the spindle speed is adjusted in order to make the tooth passing frequency equal to the detected chatter frequency. Also, a new feedrate is determined by keeping a constant chip load and within the physical limits of the cutting tool. The new cutting parameters are then sent out to the machine controller as a command using a communication interface between an external computer and the controller. Multiples experimental tests were conducted to validate the effectiveness to detect and suppress chatter. High speed machining tests, between 15 000 and 33 000 RPM, were performed in order to reflect real conditions for aerospace components manufacturing.

  13. Ajustes al framework de evaluación de productos de software MyFEPS

    OpenAIRE

    Angeleri, Paula; Titiosky, Rolando; Sorgen, Amos; Wuille Bille, Jaquelina; Oliveros, Alejandro

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo de este artículo es presentar la situación actual del proyecto de investigación MyFEPS Metodologías y Framework para la Evaluación de Productos de Software, basados en normas internacionales, en desarrollo en la Facultad de Ingeniería y Tecnología Informática de la Universidad de Belgrano, cuyo propósito es diseñar e implementar un framework que de apoyo al proceso de evaluación de software completo: desde la determinación de los objetivos de la evaluación, su planificación, ejecu...

  14. RECURSOS PARA A EDUCAÇÃO E LIMITES DO AJUSTE FISCAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Lúcia Ferreira Alves de Brito

    Full Text Available Resumo: Este artigo analisa o financiamento da rede pública estadual de Minas Gerais e a remuneração dos professores da rede entre 2003 e 2014. Focaliza a modernização da administração governamental e os efeitos do programa denominado "Choque de gestão" na aplicação dos recursos para a função educação e para a remuneração do magistério assim como analisa a limitação imposta pela Lei de Responsabilidade Fiscal para os gastos com pessoal. Para isso, foram analisados dados orçamentários e relatórios do Tribunal de Contas do Estado de Minas Gerais. O trabalho é parte da pesquisa "Remuneração de professores da educação básica pública: configurações, impactos, impasses e perspectivas", realizada para o Observatório da Educação. A pesquisa constatou a diminuição de recursos financeiros para a função educação em Minas Gerais e a não implantação do piso salarial profissional nacional para os professores da rede estadual de educação básica.

  15. AJUSTE, ESTRUCTURA Y AMBIENTE COMO FACTORES CLAVES EN LA TEORÍA DE CONTINGENCIAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan De J. Pinto

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo desarrolla la teoría de contingencias dentro del marco de la evolución de las teorías de la administración, basados en los estudios realizados por Burns y Stalker, Lawrence y Lorsh, Pradip Khandwall quienes hicieron grandes investigaciones en la década de los años 60 y 70 sobre el tema. También se hace un análisis de los aportes hechos por Henry Mintzberg, Van de Ven y Drazin y Stephen Robbins autores contemporáneos que han enriquecido el entendimiento de la teoría de contingencias, determinando la influencia de esta teoría sobre la estrategia, la estructura y el ambiente.

  16. Ajuste de un modelo directo de amortiguador MR mediante algoritmos genéticos

    OpenAIRE

    Pacheco Martín, Manuel

    2015-01-01

    This Bachelor Degree Project seeks to model a direct magneto-rheological damper aided by genetic algorithms. The main function of the suspension system of a vehicle is to ensure that all tires are in contact with the pavement, that all vibrations created by the contact of the tires are absorbed and that the suspensions assures safety and comfort to the vehicle’s passengers. There are three different set ups for the suspension system of a vehicle, based in its control system. Passive sus...

  17. Experiencias con un nuevo índice de falta de ajuste en Tablas de Contingencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adalberto González Debén

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Rudas, Clogg and Lindsay, en 1994, proposed a new index of lack of fit for contingency table analysis. For a contingency table P with N cells, and a model H, the new index is defined as the smallest \\pi that satisfies the equation P_h=(1-\\pi\\Pi_{1h}+\\pi\\Pi_{2h},     h=1,...,N with 0 \\leq \\pi \\leq 1, and \\Pi_1 and \\Pi_2 the tables of probabilities for each latent class. The model H applies to \\Pi_1 but not impose any restrictions on \\Pi_2. The interpretation of the index of lack of fit is the proportion of individuals of the population intrinsically outside model H. In this work we propose the analysis of the second latent class to the study of the causes of lack of fit of a model and to detect outlying cells. At the same time, we propose the new index of lack of fit as a concepto of non-independence in the two simple configural frequency analysis

  18. El ajuste en Cuba: ¿Medidas de sobrevivencia o nuevo modelo de desarrollo?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Fazio Vengoa

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available El propósito del trabajo consiste en analizar la actual etapa por la que atraviesa Cuba y precisar la esencia de las reformas en curso. En una primera parte se señalan las características del modelo cubano de socialismo y los factores internos e internacionales que lo condujeron a una gran crisis. Después de pasar revista sobre la naturaleza del periodo especial, los autores señalan los límites que existen para que los sectores dinámicos en la actual economía cubana puedan convertirse en un nuevo modelo de desarrollo en la isla que le permita preservar su sistema socialista.

  19. Controlador Borroso Multivariable para el Ajuste de Tratamientos en Agricultura de Precisión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier P. Burgos-Artizzu

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Se presenta un control borroso MIMO sobre una barra multisección de aplicación de tratamientos incorporada a un tractor, que controla la apertura y cierre de cada una de las secciones de la barra y la dosis de herbicida a aplicar en cada instante, actuando sobre el caudal de la barra y la velocidad del vehículo. La dosificación se determina a partir de los resultados suministrados por un sistema de procesamiento de imágenes que genera, para el campo a tratar, los mapas de distribución de mala hierba y estado de crecimiento de cultivo, a partir de un muestreo fotográfico. El controlador se ha desarrollado y simulado en Matlab con resultados muy satisfactorios que indican un ahorro significativo en la cantidad de herbicida a utilizar, manteniendo un alto nivel de eficacia en el tratamiento de las infestaciones. Palabras clave: Control Borroso, Control multivariable, Agricultura de Precisión, Conocimiento experto

  20. Distribution transformer with automatic voltage adjustment - performance; Transformador de distribucion con ajuste automatico de tension - desempeno

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez Ruiz, Gustavo A.; Delgadillo Bocanegra, Alfonso; Betancourt Ramirez, Enrique [PROLEC-GE, Apodaca, Nuevo Leon (Mexico)]. E-mail: gustavo1.hernandez@ge.com; alfonso.delgadillobocanegra@ge.com; enrique.betancourt@ge.com; Ramirez Arredondo, Juan M. [CINVESTAV-Guadalajara, Zapopan, Jalisco (Mexico)]. E-mail: jramirez@gdl.cinvestav.mx

    2010-11-15

    In the electric power distribution systems, the power quality is strongly linked with the service stability voltage. In the radial kind systems, it is virtually impossible to achieve a flat voltage along the lines, so it is desirable to count with transformers that can adjust automatically the turns ratio. In this work, it is described the development and the performance of a transformer with an integrated electronic tap changer, that allows to change the turns ratio along the standard range of +/-5%, and it was identified the application limits of the technology. [Spanish] En los sistemas de distribucion de energia electrica, la calidad del suministro de energia esta fuertemente ligada con la estabilidad del voltaje de servicio. En sistemas de tipo radial, es virtualmente imposible mantener uniforme la tension a lo largo de las lineas, por lo que se hace deseable contar con transformadores que puedan ajustar automaticamente la relacion de transformacion. En este trabajo, se describe el desarrollo y desempeno de un transformador con switch electronico integrado, que permite variar la relacion de transformacion dentro del rango estandarizado de +/-5%, y se identifican los limites de aplicacion de la tecnologia.

  1. Teaching Cases in Management - RIPASA: Venda e Ajuste com Minoritários

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Borges Kerr

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available In 2004, the Zogbi, Derani and Zarzur [ZDZ] holding began negotiations to sell control of Ripasa, an attractive growth opportunity for its competitors which would not alter the market equilibrium. National and international competitors will dispute this crown jewel, the smallest of the big cellulose and paper companies. The Ripasa Case is a detailed description of a real business situation, the acquisition of the control of Ripasa by Votorantim Celulose e Papel [VCP] and Suzano Bahia Sul, two competing companies that joined forces in a strategic alliance designed as a consortium to acquire the control of Ripasa. The Case analyzes the acquisition process and the complex agreement with minority stockholders. The main question under discussion is the price to be paid to the minority stockholders. The situation became more complex due to the ambiguity of Ripasa´s Social Statute, which allowed for more than one interpretation on the tag along rights and caused a conflict between agencies. The acquiring companies decided not to take into consideration the best practices of Corporate Governance, aggravating the problem and delaying a final agreement for eighteen months.

  2. Determination of methodology of automatic history matching; Determinacao de metodologia de ajuste automatizado de historico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Jose Pedro Moura dos

    2000-01-01

    In management of hydrocarbon reservoirs the numeric simulation is a fundamental tool. The validation of a field model with production report is made through history matching which, many times, is done by trial and errors procedures consuming excessive computational time and human efforts. The objective of this work is to present a methodology for automation of the history matching using the program UNIPAR with the modules of parallel computing, sensibility analysis and optimization. Based on an example of an offshore field, analyses of the objective function (water production, oil production and average pressure of the reservoir) behavior were accomplished as function of the variations of reservoir parameters. It was verified that this behavior is very regular. After that, several adjustment situations were tested to define a procedure to be used for a history matching. (author) Ate aqui estao scanned.

  3. Ecuador 1980-1990: crisis, ajuste y cambio de régimen de desarrollo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Oleas-Montalvo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available En la década de 1980 terminó la industrialización dirigida por el Estado, comenzaron las reformas de mercado y cambió la forma de gestionar la política económica. En Ecuador los gobiernos de los presidentes Osvaldo Hurtado (1981-1984, León Febres Cordero (1984-1988, Rodrigo Borja (1988-1992 y la influencia del FMI promovieron este cambio adaptativo al régimen económico alentado por las emergentes doctrinas neoconservadoras de la época. Se estudian las cartas de intención remitidas al FMI y las memorias anuales del Banco Central del Ecuador, además de otras fuentes primarias. El PIB creció en promedio 2.4% anual, mientras la población lo hizo al 2.6%; la gestión de la crisis se desplazó desde la Junta Nacional de Planificación hacia el Banco Central, entidad que hizo de la devaluación monetaria su principal herramienta de política económica.

  4. Ecuador 1980-1990: crisis, ajuste y cambio de régimen de desarrollo

    OpenAIRE

    Julio Oleas-Montalvo

    2017-01-01

    En la década de 1980 terminó la industrialización dirigida por el Estado, comenzaron las reformas de mercado y cambió la forma de gestionar la política económica. En Ecuador los gobiernos de los presidentes Osvaldo Hurtado (1981-1984), León Febres Cordero (1984-1988), Rodrigo Borja (1988-1992) y la influencia del FMI promovieron este cambio adaptativo al régimen económico alentado por las emergentes doctrinas neoconservadoras de la época. Se estudian las cartas de intención remitidas al FMI y...

  5. Venezuela: del ajuste neoliberal a la promesa de “Socialismo del siglo XXI”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Miguel Uharte Pozas

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo, partiendo de un marco conceptual en torno a la democracia, pretende identificar los rasgos fundamentales del proyecto de gobierno que actualmente rige en Venezuela, y que está liderado por el presidente Hugo Chávez. Se analizan los cambios en el sistema político, en el ámbito económico, en el área social, en participación ciudadana, y en política exterior, realizando una comparación con los dos gobiernos precedentes, el de Carlos Andrés Pérez y el de Rafael Caldera.___________________ABSTRACT:The article takes as its starting point the conceptual framework around democracy and attempts to identify the fundamental characteristics of the project of the government currently in power in Venezuela, led by the president Hugo Chávez. It analyses the changes in the political system, in the field of economy, in the social area, in the citizen participation and the foreign policy, making a comparison with two preceding governments, headed by Carlos Andrés Pérez and Rafael Caldera.  

  6. Ajustes a la arquitectura del sistema general de salud de Colombia: una propuesta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dov Chernichovsky

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available El modelo de competencia regulada establecido por la Ley 100 de 1993 para el funcionamiento del sistema de salud en Colombia presenta fallas de mercado y fallas de gobierno. A la luz del modelo conceptual del «Paradigma Emergente», este artículo presenta una propuesta de adaptación de la arquitectura del sistema de salud de Colombia a la arquitectura de sistemas internacionales considerados exitosos, identificando instituciones, roles y competencias. Dado lo anterior, las recomendaciones más importantes son: impulsar el sistema dual de competencia regulada en zonas densamente pobladas y monopolios en zonas sin densidad geográfica y regionalizar el sistema. También se sugiere la adopción de instrumentos de regulación de la oferta como el certificado de necesidad.

  7. Ajustes a la arquitectura del sistema general de salud de Colombia: una propuesta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dov Chernichovsky

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El modelo de competencia regulada establecido por la Ley 100 de 1993 para el funcionamiento del sis- tema de salud en Colombia presenta fallas de mercado y fallas de gobierno. A la luz del modelo conceptual del « Paradigma Emergente » , este artículo presenta una propuesta de adaptación de la arquitectura del sistema de salud de Colombia a la arquitectura de sistemas internacionales considerados exitosos, identificando instituciones, roles y competencias. Dado lo anterior, las recomendaciones más importantes son: impulsar el sistema dual de competencia regulada en zonas densamente pobladas y monopolios en zonas sin densidad geográfica y regionalizar el sistema. También se sugiere la adopción de instrumentos de regulación de la oferta como el certificado de necesidad.

  8. Reviewer Database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chief Editor

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available REVIEWER DATABASEA S PaddaAarati KrishnanAarti KapilAbdul JilaniAbhaya JoglekarAbhijit PakhareAbhisek MishraAbhishek ArunAbhishek GuptaAbhishek JadhavAbhishek SinghAditi SinghAdrija RoyAdwitiya MukhopadhyayAhmed MandilA SubramanianAjit SahaiAkanksha GautamAkela MohamedAkhila GopinathanAkshay KumarAlankrata JainAli AbediAlisha SyiemliehAmal BasuAmandeep KaurA ChauhanAmarnath GuptaAmar SinhaAmir M KhanAmit KaushikAmit PawaiyaAmit SinghAmrita KansalAmrita SougaijamA WadheraAnand DixtA NeelakantanAnil PurtyAnimesh JainAnisha MohanAnjali AroraAnjan DattaAnju GahlotAnkita BajpaiAnku SaikiaAnmol GoyalAnu AgrawalAnu BhardwajAnuj JangraAnupama AryaA MohokarAnurag ChaudaryA SrivastavaAr BondArnab GhoshArpan YagnikArpit PrajapatiArshad AyubArti RauthanArun SainiArun SharmaArun ShiraliArun SugumaranArun VargheseArun WanjpeArvind NathArvind SinghAsha RAshish ChauhanAshish SinhaAshish SrivastavaAshish YadavAshok BhardwajAshok SrivastavaAshu GroverAshutosh SarwaAshwani SinhaAshwini KumarAthar AnsariAtul PuthiaAustin OkpanmaAvijit DasAvijit SinghaAvinash SunthliaB P MathurB VermaBabu DilipBadri MisraBaridalyne NongkynrihBhaswati SenguptaBhavana PandeyBhavana PantBhola NathBhupinder AnandBhupinder SinghBhuwan SharmaBiju SomanBimlesh KumarBinod KumarBinod PatroBishwas AcharyaBiswajit PaulB ChakravarthyB MannaC M S RawatC P MishraC M SinghChandra PrabhaChibi RushithaChitrangada MistryD SrivastavaDaksh SharmaDaneshwar SinghDanish ImtiazDebabrata RoyDeep ShikhaDeepa NairDeepak ChopraDeepak GuptaDeepak SharmaDeepika MittalNandanwarD SharmaDevi NairDharma BhattaD GahwaiDheeraj SharmaDhiraj SrivastavaDhrubajyotiDileepanDinesh BhatnagarDipanjan DeyDivya RajaseharanEkta GuptaEmanuel CummingsEnakshi GanguliFabrice JotterandFatma KarasuFomboh RichardGagan GargGajendra GuptaGarima MittalG BandyopadhyayGeetanjali KapoorGeetu SinghGhos AhmedGirish ChavanGirjesh YadavGita NegiGmsubba RaoGnanakshiGobezie TemesgenGokul ShindeGouri PadhyKassa GideboGunjan NathH ChopraHameeda Ali

  9. Book Review:

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fulling, S. A.

    2006-05-01

    classes of systems: quantum mechanics, linear (free) fields, and interacting fields. DeWitt's characteristic tools of effective actions, heat kernels, and ghost fields are developed. Chapters 26 and 31 outline new approaches developed in collaboration with DeWitt's recent students C Molina-Paris and C Y Wang, respectively. The first of these is a ghost-free formulation of gauge theory built on ideas of G A Vilkovisky. The second is a systematic attempt (following J Schwinger, L V Keldysh, and others) to replace the in-out matrix elements by expectation values in a single (initial) state. Most of parts VI and VII consist of special topics, such as anomalies, particle creation by external fields, Unruh acceleration temperature, black holes, and Euclideanization. Chapter 30, on black holes and Hawking radiation, will be very familiar to readers of DeWitt's influential review article [4]. Chapter 28, on anomalies, makes a careful distinction (missing from many treatments) between 'critical' anomalies, which render equations of motion inconsistent in the (would-be) quantum theory, and harmless anomalies that merely invalidate predictions that would classically follow from certain symmetries. The trace anomalies in the stress tensor of matter and the axial-current anomaly in quantum electrodynamics are harmless. Examples of critical anomalies are the chiral anomaly of a spinor field coupled to a non-Abelian gauge field and the anomaly in the conservation law of the stress tensor of certain pathological theories [5]. DeWitt's chapter calculates the trace and chiral anomalies in detail. The axial anomaly is mentioned only in a one-line summary (and not defined or indexed—generally speaking, I found the book's long index surprisingly unhelpful), and the Alvarez Witten anomaly is not mentioned at all. The last two chapters of part VII treat the most important particular quantum field theories. Chapter 34 develops many of the textbook predictions of quantum eletrodynamics from De

  10. Calculus super review

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    Get all you need to know with Super Reviews! Each Super Review is packed with in-depth, student-friendly topic reviews that fully explain everything about the subject. The Calculus I Super Review includes a review of functions, limits, basic derivatives, the definite integral, combinations, and permutations. Take the Super Review quizzes to see how much you've learned - and where you need more study. Makes an excellent study aid and textbook companion. Great for self-study!DETAILS- From cover to cover, each in-depth topic review is easy-to-follow and easy-to-grasp - Perfect when preparing for

  11. Approaches to improving the contribution of the nursing and midwifery workforce to increasing universal access to primary health care for vulnerable populations: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, A J; Nkowane, A M; Whelan, A

    2015-12-18

    Despite considerable evidence showing the importance of the nursing and midwifery workforce, there are no systematic reviews outlining how these cadres are best supported to provide universal access and reduce health care disparities at the primary health care (PHC) level. This review aims to identify nursing and midwifery policy, staffing, education and training interventions, collaborative efforts and strategies that have improved the quantity, quality and relevance of the nursing and midwifery workforce leading to health improvements for vulnerable populations. We undertook a structured search of bibliographic databases for peer-reviewed research literature using a focused review question and inclusion/exclusion criteria. The quality of retrieved papers was appraised using standard tools. The characteristics of screened papers were described, and a deductive qualitative content analysis methodology was applied to analyse the interventions and findings of included studies using a conceptual framework. Thirty-six papers were included in the review, the majority (25) from high-income countries and nursing settings (32). Eleven papers defined leadership and governance approaches that had impacted upon the health outcomes of disadvantaged groups including policies at the national and state level that had led to an increased supply and coverage of nursing and midwifery staff and scope of practice. Twenty-seven papers outlined human resource management strategies to support the expansion of nurse's and midwives' roles that often involved task shifting and task sharing. These included approaches to managing staffing supply, distribution and skills mix; workloads; supervision; performance management; and remuneration, financial incentives and staffing costs. Education and training activities were described in 14 papers to assist nurses and midwives to perform new or expanded roles and prepare nurses for inclusive practice. This review identified collaboration between

  12. Scientific computer simulation review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kaizer, Joshua S.; Heller, A. Kevin; Oberkampf, William L.

    2015-01-01

    Before the results of a scientific computer simulation are used for any purpose, it should be determined if those results can be trusted. Answering that question of trust is the domain of scientific computer simulation review. There is limited literature that focuses on simulation review, and most is specific to the review of a particular type of simulation. This work is intended to provide a foundation for a common understanding of simulation review. This is accomplished through three contributions. First, scientific computer simulation review is formally defined. This definition identifies the scope of simulation review and provides the boundaries of the review process. Second, maturity assessment theory is developed. This development clarifies the concepts of maturity criteria, maturity assessment sets, and maturity assessment frameworks, which are essential for performing simulation review. Finally, simulation review is described as the application of a maturity assessment framework. This is illustrated through evaluating a simulation review performed by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. In making these contributions, this work provides a means for a more objective assessment of a simulation’s trustworthiness and takes the next step in establishing scientific computer simulation review as its own field. - Highlights: • We define scientific computer simulation review. • We develop maturity assessment theory. • We formally define a maturity assessment framework. • We describe simulation review as the application of a maturity framework. • We provide an example of a simulation review using a maturity framework

  13. Tools for PSA reviews

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Linden, J. von

    1998-01-01

    It is desirable to have a uniform and competent procedure for the review of PSAs which are performed within the framework of the Periodic Safety Review of German Nuclear Power Plants. Guidelines for the review process should therefore be evaluated within task A. 1 of project SR 2096. The basis for this work is the experience and knowledge within GRS derived from PSA-related work and from several review projects as well as the German PSA Guide with its appendices. Furthermore, the review processes in the USA, Switzerland and Sweden and the Guidelines for the International Peer Review Service (IPERS Guidelines) were utilized. As a result, recommendations are given for the review process, with individual recommendations concerning the organization of the review, task allocation between the reviewers, interface problems, assessment criteria, the scope and depth of the review as well as the supporting documents. An additional result are checklists for the technical elements of the PSA, which are listed to facilicate the review work. It is not the intention of this report to work out complete review guidelines. Its aims is rather more to give recommondations and support for the review in addition to what can be derived from the existing documents that should be used for the review. The recommendations reflect the view of GRS and go beyond the statements given in the German PSA Guide (Leitfaden Probabilistische Sicherheitsanalyse /PSUe97/) in some points. (orig.) [de

  14. Cadaveric simulation: a review of reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yiasemidou, M; Gkaragkani, E; Glassman, D; Biyani, C S

    2017-11-14

    Traditional surgical training, largely based on the Halstedian model "see one, do one, teach one" is not as effective in the era of working time restrictions and elaborate shift-patterns. As a result, contemporary surgeons turned to educational methods outside the operating theatre such as simulation. Cadavers are high fidelity models but their use has ethical and cost implications and their availability may be limited. In this review, we explore the role of cadaveric simulation in modern surgical education. All the Evidence-Based Medicine databases were searched for relevant reviews. The resulting studies were assessed for inclusion to this review, according to pre-determined criteria. Data extraction was performed using a custom-made spreadsheet, and the quality of included reviews was assessed using a validated scoring system (AMSTAR). The literature review yielded 33 systematic reviews; five of which matched the inclusion criteria and were included in this review of reviews. Cadaveric simulation was found to have good face (subjective assessment of usefulness) and content validity (whether a specific element adds or retracts to the educational value) while trainees improved their surgical skills after practicing on cadavers. However, concerns have been raised about ethical issues, high cost and availability. Cadavers are an effective medium for surgical teaching, and it may be appropriate for them to be used whenever surrounding conditions such cost and availability allow. Further research is required to provide evidence on whether there is equivalence between cadavers and other educational media which may not bear the same shortcomings.

  15. Country program review Myanmar

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boussaha, A.; Naqvi, S.H.M.; Poshyachinda, M.; Con, T.T.; Nemoto, S.

    1994-03-01

    Review of the past and present IAEA technical cooperation activities in the field of repair and maintenance of nuclear instrumentation and sectoral programs and institutional review in the same field are presented

  16. BMRAT reviewer acknowledgement 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Lili Hami

    2016-01-01

    Contributing reviewers The editors of Biomedical Research and Therapy would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 2 (2015). [Biomed Res Ther 2016; 3(2.000): 528-532

  17. Mizan Law Review

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mizan Law Review publishes peer reviewed scholarly articles that identify, ... legal and related principles, stipulations and concepts based on research findings. Mizan's ... Comment: Major Differences between the Revised 'Federal' and SNNP ...

  18. Rate Review Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — As of September 1, 2011, the Affordable Care Act and rate review regulation require review of rate increases of 10 percent or more. A non-grandfathered health plan...

  19. Country program review Myanmar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boussaha, A; Naqvi, S H.M.; Poshyachinda, M; Con, T T; Nemoto, S

    1994-03-01

    Review of the past and present IAEA technical cooperation activities in the field of repair and maintenance of nuclear instrumentation and sectoral programs and institutional review in the same field are presented.

  20. Monthly Weather Review

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Supplements to the Monthly Weather Review publication. The Weather Bureau published the Monthly weather review Supplement irregularly from 1914 to 1949. The...

  1. Marine prostanoids - a review

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Wahidullah, S.; De

    The occurrence and structure of prostaglandins including clavulones, punaglandins and claviridenones in marine organisms is reviewEd. by comparison of the spectral data reported the identity of 20-acetoxy claviridenones b and c with 20 acetoxy...

  2. Topical report review status

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-08-01

    This report provides industry with procedures for submitting topical reports, guidance on how the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) processes and responds to topical report submittals, and an accounting, with review schedules, of all topical reports currently accepted for review schedules, of all topical reports currently accepted for review by the NRC. This report will be published annually. Each sponsoring organization with one or more topical reports accepted for review copies

  3. Diversifying customer review rankings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krestel, Ralf; Dokoohaki, Nima

    2015-06-01

    E-commerce Web sites owe much of their popularity to consumer reviews accompanying product descriptions. On-line customers spend hours and hours going through heaps of textual reviews to decide which products to buy. At the same time, each popular product has thousands of user-generated reviews, making it impossible for a buyer to read everything. Current approaches to display reviews to users or recommend an individual review for a product are based on the recency or helpfulness of each review. In this paper, we present a framework to rank product reviews by optimizing the coverage of the ranking with respect to sentiment or aspects, or by summarizing all reviews with the top-K reviews in the ranking. To accomplish this, we make use of the assigned star rating for a product as an indicator for a review's sentiment polarity and compare bag-of-words (language model) with topic models (latent Dirichlet allocation) as a mean to represent aspects. Our evaluation on manually annotated review data from a commercial review Web site demonstrates the effectiveness of our approach, outperforming plain recency ranking by 30% and obtaining best results by combining language and topic model representations. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. ACHP | Unified Federal Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Search skip specific nav links Home arrow Unified Federal Review Three logos: 1) Executive Office of the Homeland Security. Unified Federal Environmental and Historic Preservation Review Process Please visit the new location for the Unified Federal Review located here: http://www.fema.gov/environmental-historic

  5. Reviewer acknowledgement 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Stengel, Dirk; Luckmann, Annette

    2014-01-01

    Contributing reviewers The editors of the Journal of Trauma Management and Outcomes and BioMed Central would like to show our appreciation for the following reviewers for their time, hard work and support by reviewing manuscripts for the journal in 2013.

  6. Book Review | Oloyede | African Sociological Review / Revue ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 12, No 1 (2008) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  7. Algebra & trigonometry super review

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    Get all you need to know with Super Reviews! Each Super Review is packed with in-depth, student-friendly topic reviews that fully explain everything about the subject. The Algebra and Trigonometry Super Review includes sets and set operations, number systems and fundamental algebraic laws and operations, exponents and radicals, polynomials and rational expressions, equations, linear equations and systems of linear equations, inequalities, relations and functions, quadratic equations, equations of higher order, ratios, proportions, and variations. Take the Super Review quizzes to see how much y

  8. [Voluntary and non-remunerated blood donation; current situation and perspectives].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monsellier, M

    2017-09-01

    The voluntary and unpaid blood donation is recommended by all international authorities (WHO, Council of Europe, ISBT, EBA), because it represents the best way of aiming towards self-sufficiency in blood products of all kinds, while preserving an optimal level of quality and safety for recipients as for donors. Still infrequent in many developing countries it tends to develop. However, the objective assigned by the WHO to reach 100% of unpaid and voluntary blood donations in 2020 appears ambitious, in particular for the collection of plasma intended to the splitting industry. The close evaluation of European directives concerning the donation of human body elements should allow harmonization of practices by Member States. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  9. IMPROVING THE SYSTEM OF REMUNERATION OF PERSONNEL OF THE ENTERPRISE ON THE BASIS OF KPI

    OpenAIRE

    V. V. Ivanov; Ya. N. Dzhankova; A. N. Legkonogich

    2017-01-01

    The advantages of the system of awarding of staff on key performance indicators are considered. The structure of formation of motivation on the basis of KPI. The main tasks when building a bonus system on the basis of KPI. Justification the use of key performance indicators in the enterprise is made. The scheme of construction of system of motivation of personnel KPI is proposed. 

  10. REMUNERATION PAYABLE TO PERFORMERS FOR THE BROADCASTING OF PHONOGRAMS. TYPES OF PHONOGRAMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana SAVU

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The institution of copyright and related rights, as regulated in our system by Law nr.8/1996, deals with the protection of literary, artistic and scientific works and their creators. By a definition that has a tradition in our doctrine, the legal institution of copyright (generally speaking means all the legal rules governing social relations that arise from the creation, publication and use of literary, artistic or scientific works. The moral and patrimonial rights of the author and neighboring rights stakeholders are protected both by the special law, mentioned above, and also by the common law provisions. Among them is included the Decree no.31/1954 concerning individuals and legal entities but also the Civil Code. One argued problem during the arbitrations, which take place at ORDA headquarters, institution that provides the Secretariat, also in the courts of law, when setting claims was promoted by Collecting Societies against bad payers users, was to analyze the two phrases commercial phonograms and phonograms published for commercial purposes.

  11. Who gets the Carrot and Who gets the Stick? Evidence of Gender Disparities in Executive Remuneration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kulich, C.; Trojanowski, G.; Ryan, M.; Haslam, S.A.; Renneboog, L.D.R.

    2010-01-01

    This paper offers a new explanation of the gender pay gap in leadership positions by examining the relationship between managerial bonuses and company performance. Drawing on findings of gender studies, agency theory, and the leadership literature, we argue that the gender pay gap is a

  12. THE ACCOUNTING EFFECTS OF EXCHANGE RATE VARIATION ON REMUNERATION OF FOREIGN INVESTMENTS IN BRAZIL.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Zacarias dos Santos

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to elucidate the main points of foreign investments, and the accounting administration of the Brazilian Corporate Laws. The remittances of profits and the payment of dividends for foreign investors who invested their financial resources in Brazil have increased in the last few years, and this is due to the stable economic times that the country is experiencing. In part, the favorable economic scenario in Brazil is due to the fact of the increased flow of investments in the country, which it has proved to be properly structured to withstand global financial crises like the one in 2008, which originated in the United States.Considering also that the investor wants to invest in stable economies where there are attractive interest rates, the country became a great place to invest. However, as a basic principle for capital market, it must be taken into consideration that exchange rate variation can be a negative or a positive aspect for it. In the end of this work, among other ideas, we conclude that to maximize the investment value for shareholders, it is necessary an accurate assessment of investment option, and of level of influence of the exchange variation for the investment return.

  13. The Remote Employment: Current Trends in the Organization and Remuneration of Labor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herasymenko Oksana O.

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The article is aimed at distinguishing between the concepts of «freelance», «remote employment», «work from home» with highlighting of differences affecting the organizational-legal format and the economic aspects of social and labor relations between the parties to the agreements on work in remote mode. The prerequisites for the emergence of the non-standard forms of employment in the conditions of establishing the post economy and the electronic-network society have been determined. The data of sociological researches on the current condition and prospects of prevalence of remote employment in Ukraine have been provided. The types and forms of remote employment have been generalized according to different classifications. Using a number of criteria, the article discloses characteristic features of such atypical forms of employment as freelance, distance employment, and work from home. The disadvantages of the atypical forms of employment have been allocated and their advantages have been generalized. An analysis of the current normative-legal regulation has been carried out and the substantiation of organizational and economic foundations of freelancing, remote employment, work from home in Ukraine has been provided.

  14. The influence of remuneration on the behavior of hospital employees in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alcindo Mendes

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar la percepción de los empleados con respecto a los sistemas de compensación en dos gran hospitales de Brasil, uno público y el otro privado. La muestra de la encuesta considera 109 empleados, 54 en el hospital con la gestión privada y 55 para el hospital público. Después de la recolección de datos sobre la población muestra, la percepción de la remuneración se asoció con la ocupación, el género, la edad y la experiencia, como sugiere la Teoría de los Escalones Superiores. Los resultados muestran que la remuneración es vista como un instrumento de control, comportamiento o mecanismo para fomentar el aprendizaje, sin embargo, identificó diferencias en la percepción de los empleados en el área de la salud y el área administrativa. Estos resultados demuestran que la influencia de la retribución fija es diferente, no sólo entre los empleados de las dos áreas, sino también en relación con la gestión de los hospitales públicos y privados. Se identificó que el género no es un factor determinante de pago, y no se dio cuenta que había diferencias de comportamiento entre los empleados más jóvenes y mayores con respecto a la influencia de la remuneración en el comportamiento, que no se identificaron diferencias entre más y menos experimentados empleados Además, no hubo diferencias significativas entre las características de los hospitales. En general, los resultados ponen de manifiesto la importancia de la remuneración como un instrumento de control y gestión, tanto en el contexto de la administración pública, cuando las organizaciones privadas.

  15. IMPROVING THE SYSTEM OF REMUNERATION OF PERSONNEL OF THE ENTERPRISE ON THE BASIS OF KPI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Ivanov

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The advantages of the system of awarding of staff on key performance indicators are considered. The structure of formation of motivation on the basis of KPI. The main tasks when building a bonus system on the basis of KPI. Justification the use of key performance indicators in the enterprise is made. The scheme of construction of system of motivation of personnel KPI is proposed. 

  16. Systematic review automation technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Systematic reviews, a cornerstone of evidence-based medicine, are not produced quickly enough to support clinical practice. The cost of production, availability of the requisite expertise and timeliness are often quoted as major contributors for the delay. This detailed survey of the state of the art of information systems designed to support or automate individual tasks in the systematic review, and in particular systematic reviews of randomized controlled clinical trials, reveals trends that see the convergence of several parallel research projects. We surveyed literature describing informatics systems that support or automate the processes of systematic review or each of the tasks of the systematic review. Several projects focus on automating, simplifying and/or streamlining specific tasks of the systematic review. Some tasks are already fully automated while others are still largely manual. In this review, we describe each task and the effect that its automation would have on the entire systematic review process, summarize the existing information system support for each task, and highlight where further research is needed for realizing automation for the task. Integration of the systems that automate systematic review tasks may lead to a revised systematic review workflow. We envisage the optimized workflow will lead to system in which each systematic review is described as a computer program that automatically retrieves relevant trials, appraises them, extracts and synthesizes data, evaluates the risk of bias, performs meta-analysis calculations, and produces a report in real time. PMID:25005128

  17. Reviews of recent publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Alonso, Carlos J. The Burden of Modernity: The Rhetoric of Cultural Discourse in Spanish America Reviewed by Melvin S. Arrington, Jr. Kolocotroni, Vassiliki, Jane Goldman, and Olga Taxidou, eds, Modernism: An Anthology of Sources and Documents Reviewed by Gerd Bayer Motte, Warren. Small Worlds: Minimalism in Contemporary French Literature Reviewed by William Cloonan Melton, Judith M. The Face of Exile: Autobiographical Journeys Reviewed by Claude P. Desmarais Redding, Arthur. Raids on Human Consciousness: Writing, Anarchism, and Violence Reviewed by Gail Finney Chambers, Ross. Facing It: AIDS Diaries and the Death of the Author Reviewed by Melissa A. Fitch Marx-Scouras, Danielle. The Cultural Politics of Tel Quel: Literature and the Left in the Wake of Engagement Reviewed by Diane Fourny Foster, David William. Buenos Aires: Perspectives on the City and Cultural Production Reviewed by Gustavo Geirola Nelson, Ardis L., ed. Guillermo Cabrera Infante: Assays, essays, and other arts Reviewed by José Luis Martinez-Dueñas Fox, Claire F. The Fence and the River: Culture and Politics at the U.S.-Mexico Border Reviewed by Robert Neustadt

  18. NASA Product Peer Review Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenks, Ken

    2009-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation describes NASA's product peer review process. The contents include: 1) Inspection/Peer Review at NASA; 2) Reasons for product peer reviews; 3) Different types of peer reviews; and 4) NASA requirements for peer reviews. This presentation also includes a demonstration of an actual product peer review.

  19. ETF interim design review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Steiner, D.; Rutherford, P.H.

    1980-01-01

    A three-day ETF Interim Design Review was conducted on July 23-25, 1980, at the Sheraton Potomac Inn in Rockville, Maryland. The intent of the review was to provide a forum for an in-depth assessment and critique of all facets of the ETF design by members of the fusion community. The review began with an opening plenary session at which an overview of the ETF design was presented by D. Steiner, manager of the ETF Design Center, complemented by a physics overview by P.H. Rutherford, chairman of the ETF/INTOR Physics Committee. This was followed by six concurrent review sessions over the next day and a half. The review closed with a plenary session at which the Design Review Board presented its findings. This document consists of the viewgraphs for the opening plenary session and an edited version of the presentations made by Steiner and Rutherford

  20. Down With Reviews

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wiley, H. S.

    2010-04-01

    There has been a proliferation of review articles and review journals over the last decade, and it is easy to see why. Biologists find them useful to keep up with increasingly complex science and publishers find them an easy way to increase the impact factor of journals. Unfortunately, the reasons why review articles are highly cited are mostly unrelated to their educational value. Instead, it seems mostly due to their increasing use as a surrogate for the primary literature.

  1. Sscience & technology review; Science Technology Review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-07-01

    This review is published ten times a year to communicate, to a broad audience, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory`s scientific and technological accomplishments, particularly in the Laboratory`s core mission areas - global security, energy and the environment, and bioscience and biotechnology. This review for the month of July 1996 discusses: Frontiers of research in advanced computations, The multibeam Fabry-Perot velocimeter: Efficient measurement of high velocities, High-tech tools for the American textile industry, and Rock mechanics: can the Tuff take the stress.

  2. Writing and Publishing Books in Counseling: A Survey of Authors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seligman, Linda; Kelly, Shirley C.

    1990-01-01

    Presents data and ideas from 74 authors who published books in counseling field. Reviews writing and publishing process. Provides information on timetables, book contracts, and remuneration as well as suggestions on publisher selection and contract negotiation. (Author/CM)

  3. People with low back pain perceive needs for non-biomedical services in workplace, financial, social and household domains: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louisa Chou

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Question: What needs of non-biomedical services are perceived by people with low back pain? Design: Systematic review of qualitative and quantitative studies examining perceived needs of non-biomedical services for low back pain, identified through searching of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and PsycINFO (1990 to 2016. Participants: Adults with low back pain of any duration. Data extraction and analysis: Descriptive data regarding study design and methodology were extracted. The preferences, expectations and satisfaction with non-biomedical services reported by people with low back pain were identified and categorised within areas of perceived need. Results: Twenty studies (19 qualitative and one quantitative involving 522 unique participants (total pool of 590 were included in this systematic review. Four areas emerged. Workplace: people with low back pain experience pressure to return to work despite difficulties with the demands of their occupation. They want their employers to be informed about low back pain and they desire workplace accommodations. Financial: people with low back pain want financial support, but have concerns about the inefficiencies of compensation systems and the stigma associated with financial remuneration. Social: people with low back pain report feeling disconnected from social networks and want back-specific social support. Household: people with low back pain report difficulties with household duties; however, there are few data regarding their need for auxiliary devices and domestic help. Conclusion: People with low back pain identified work place, financial and social pressures, and difficulties with household duties as areas of need beyond their healthcare requirements that affect their ability to comply with management of their condition. Consideration of such needs may inform physiotherapists, the wider health system, social networks and the workplace to provide more relevant and effective services. [Chou L, Cicuttini

  4. Humanities Review Journal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Humanities Review Journal is published in June and December by Humanities Research Forum. The Journal publishes original, well-researched papers, review essays, interviews, resume, and commentaries, which offer new insights into the various disciplines in the Humanities. The focus is on issues about Africa.

  5. Archives: Mizan Law Review

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 21 of 21 ... Archives: Mizan Law Review. Journal Home > Archives: Mizan Law Review. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register · Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives. 1 - 21 of 21 Items. 2017. Vol 11, No 2 ...

  6. Documents preparation and review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-01-01

    Ignalina Safety Analysis Group takes active role in assisting regulatory body VATESI to prepare various regulatory documents and reviewing safety reports and other documentation presented by Ignalina NPP in the process of licensing of unit 1. The list of main documents prepared and reviewed is presented

  7. 3 CFR - Regulatory Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... as a means of promoting regulatory goals. The fundamental principles and structures governing... review. In this time of fundamental transformation, that process—and the principles governing regulation... the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has reviewed Federal regulations. The purposes of such...

  8. Peer review statement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-03-01

    All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.

  9. Energy and technology review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1984-03-01

    The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory publishes the Energy and Technology Review Monthly. This periodical reviews progress mode is selected programs at the laboratory. This issue includes articles on in-situ coal gasification, on chromosomal aberrations in human sperm, on high speed cell sorting and on supercomputers.

  10. Book Reviews in Periodicals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ettelt, Harold J.

    All recent issues of periodicals found which contain indexed book reviews are listed in this compilation from Drake Memorial Library at the New York State University at Brockport. The periodicals are listed by 29 subject headings in this informal guide designed to be used at Drake Library. The number of reviews in the periodical in a recent year…

  11. Youth Suicide: A Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gould, Madelyn S.; Greenberg, Ted; Velting, Drew M.; Shaffer, David

    2006-01-01

    Following a comprehensive review of the research literature on youth suicide, the authors discuss the rates and patterns of completed suicides and suicide attempts. The state of research on potential risk and protective factors is also reviewed, covering personal characteristics, family characteristics, adverse life circumstances, and…

  12. Peer Review of Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandez, Charles E.; Yu, Jenny

    2007-01-01

    This article provides an overview and description of peer review of teaching for faculty members and administrators who would like to implement a peer review program. This may include classroom and clinical settings. A brief overview, procedure, and a teaching competence evaluation rubric are provided

  13. Review of particle properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Trippe, T.G.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Kelly, R.L.; Rittenberg, A.; Rosenfeld, A.H.; Yost, G.P.; Barash-Schmidt, N.; Bricman, C.; Hemingway, R.J.; Losty, M.J.; Roos, M.; Chaloupka, V.; Armstrong, B.

    1976-01-01

    This review of the properties of leptons, mesons, and baryons is an updating of Review of Particle Properties, Particle Data Group [Phys. Letters 50B, No.1 (1974), and Supplement, Rev. Mod. Phys. 47 (1975) 535]. Data are evaluated, listed, averaged, and summarized in tables. Numerous tables, figures, and formulae of interest to particle physicists are also included. A data booklet is available

  14. Nigerian Music Review

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigerian Music Reveiw. ... Nigerian Music Review is aimed at the scholarly review of the developments in various musical practices in Nigeria. It considers well ... Performance practice and functions of local wine and beer parlor songs in rural Yoruba Communities in Ogbomoso · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT

  15. Energy and technology review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1984-03-01

    The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory publishes the Energy and Technology Review Monthly. This periodical reviews progress mode is selected programs at the laboratory. This issue includes articles on in-situ coal gasification, on chromosomal aberrations in human sperm, on high speed cell sorting and on supercomputers

  16. LBS Management Review: Submissions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Author Guidelines. The Lagos Business School Management Review is published by management professionals for practising managers, without sacrificing academic standards. The Review welcomes articles that enhance knowledge about the process of managing an organisation as well as reflect techniques, trends and ...

  17. MELCOR Peer Review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boyack, B.E.; Dhir, V.K.; Gieseke, J.A.; Haste, T.J.; Kenton, M.A.; Khatib-Rahbar, M.; Leonard, M.T.; Viskanta, R.

    1992-03-01

    MELCOR is a fully integrated, engineering-level computer code that models the progression of severe accidents in light water reactor nuclear power plants. The newest version of MELCOR is Version 1.8.1, July 1991. MELCOR development has reached the point that the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission sponsored a broad technical review by recognized experts to determine or confirm the technical adequacy of the code for the serious and complex analyses it is expected to perform. For this purpose, an eight-member MELCOR Peer Review Committee was organized. The Committee has completed its review of the MELCOR code: the review process and findings of the MELCOR Peer Review Committee are documented in this report. The Committee has determined that recommendations in five areas are appropriate: (1) MELCOR numerics, (2) models missing from MELCOR Version 1.8.1, (3) existing MELCOR models needing revision, (4) the need for expanded MELCOR assessment, and (5) documentation

  18. Thanking our peer reviewers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Storey Alan

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Contributing reviewers As 2013 commences I would like to take a moment to reflect and recognize the peer reviewers that made the previous year possible. Listed below are those people who reviewed for Molecular Cancer last year. All are generous individuals who donated their time to assessing and improving our authors’ submissions. Your combined efforts have been invaluable to the editorial staff in maintaining the continued success of the journal in the Open Access forum. The editors of Molecular Cancer would like to thank all the reviewers who contributed to the journal in Volume 11 (2012 by participating in the review process - taking time out of your busy schedules and even to volunteer - without your critical insights, hard work and support for the journal we wouldn’t be able to do what we do.

  19. Systematising "System": One Reviewer's Analysis of the Review Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coniam, David

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes one reviewer's experience of reviewing for the journal "System" over an eight-year period, 2003-2011. The paper reports on the reviews produced by the single reviewer, which have been compiled into a specific purpose--an "occluded"--corpus (Swales, 1996) of 122 reviews, comprising 93,000 words. The paper first describes the…

  20. KHNP special safety review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Tae-Ho; Lee, Bang-Jin; Lee, Soung-Hee; Park, Goon-Cherl

    2009-01-01

    Commemorating the 30 year anniversary of commercial nuclear power plant operation in KOREA, Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power Co., Ltd. (KHNP) has conducted a Special Safety Review (SSR) of its 20 operating units to understand their safety performance and to identify any areas that need improvement. The SSR reviewed all 20 operating units for 2 weeks per site. Areas that were reviewed are Safety Margins, Plant Performance, Employee Safety, Employee Performance and Performance Improvement Process. Each review team consisted of international and domestic members. The international reviewers were from IAEA, WANO and INPO. The domestic reviewers consisted of professors, Engineering Company, Research Institute and KHNP experts. The review confirmed safe and reliable operations of the 20 nuclear units. The common understanding resulted from the SSR is as follows. Firstly, KHNP corporate and its plants confirmed and shared mutual understanding on recurring areas for improvements, especially in the areas of Organizational Effectiveness, Industrial Safety, Human Performance, Configuration Management, Operations, Equipment Performance and Material Condition. Secondly, KHNP understood that plant and department level performances are directly related to the leadership and competency of the management team including supervisors. Thirdly, the strengths of individual stations that consistently have produced good results need to be shared with the other KHNP stations. Finally, KHNP learned that strong corporate leadership and support are needed to resolve most of the areas for improvement since they are common to all KHNP stations. (author)