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Sample records for region pernambuco state

  1. The geographical identification (GI under geographic perspective for coalho cheese in agreste region of Pernambuco state

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    Janieire Dorlamis Cordeiro Bezerra

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This theme, geographic identification, although it has an intrinsic relationship with space and the organization of it, is little studied in Geography. For GI becomes tool to promote territorial development this should be linked to a policy not only economic but social and environmental, seeking to reach the marginalized producers in order to avoid social exclusion. GI coalho cheese Agreste of Pernambuco is indication of origin (IO which will help in spatial changes. To obtain a certification studies will required to contribute to the achievement of the GI, and futher after certification further research will be extremely necessary in order to manage the certification process and inclusion of family farming. Therefore, it will possible to conclude that the coalho cheese GI Agreste Pernambuco in fact included the family farmer, enhancing production, improving their income and enabling the rise. Therefore, the certification will bring beyond recognition in the region, a socio-spatial change, which in the future will involve studies of socio-economic indicators, with the interaction of man with the territory, how to adopt it and use it, contextualizing the space changes.

  2. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in wild marsupials and rodents from the Atlantic forest of Pernambuco state, northeastern region, Brazil.

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    Siqueira, D B; Aléssio, F M; Mauffrey, J F; Marvulo, M F V; Ribeiro, V O; Oliveira, R L; Pena, H F J; Gennari, S M; Mota, R A; Faustino, M A G; Alves, L C; Dubey, J P; Silva, J C R

    2013-12-01

    Felids are important in the epidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii because they are the only hosts that can excrete the environmentally resistant oocysts in their feces. Cats acquire T. gondii infection in nature by ingesting tissues of small mammals and birds. Serum samples of 223 feral marsupials and 174 feral rodents captured in 7 segments of the Atlantic Forest of the State of Pernambuco, northeastern region of Brazil, and in urban areas of the municipality of Recife were examined for antibodies to T. gondii by the modified agglutination test (MAT). Antibodies (MAT ≥ 25) were found in 6.7% (15 of 223) of the marsupials and 5.7% (10 of 174) of the rodents. No association was observed between seropositivity in marsupials or rodents and sex, age, or different areas of collection (P > 0.05). This is the first study on the seroprevalence of T. gondii in marsupials and rodents performed in the Atlantic Forest of the northeastern region of Brazil. The presence of antibodies to T. gondii are reported for the first time in long-furred woolly mouse opossum ( Micoureus demerarae ), murine mouse opossum ( Marmosa murina ), brown four-eyed opossum ( Metachirus nudicaudatus ), and gray short-tailed opossum ( Monodelphis domestica ).

  3. [Epidemiology and regional differences of diabetic retinopathy in Pernambuco, Brazil].

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    Escarião, Paulo Henrique Gonçalves; Arantes, Tiago Eugênio Faria de; Figueiroa Filho, Natanael Cavalcanti; Urtiga, Ricardo de Deus; Florêncio, Telma Lúcia Tabosa; Arcoverde, Ana Lúcia de Andrade Lima

    2008-01-01

    To evaluate the prevalence and severity of diabetic retinopathy among patients cared for in a screening program in Pernambuco, Brazil, comparing regional differences between urban and rural zones. The charts of 2,223 diabetic patients (1,568 females and 655 males; mean age 59.3 +/- 12.0 years; mean duration of diabetes 8.1 +/- 6.3 years) that took part in a screening program for diabetic retinopathy at Altino Ventura Foundation from June 2004 to June 2005 were reviewed for the presence of the disease. Patients were divided into two groups: group I, patients living in Recife and the metropolitan area; group II, patients living in the interior of Pernambuco state. In group I, 477 (24.2%) patients had diabetic retinophathy, while in group II, 89 (39.4%) patients (pdescentralization actions are recommended for improvement of screening quality in patients living in the interior of Pernambuco state.

  4. Characteristics of the milk production of the agreste region of the state of Pernambuco, Brazil/ Características da produção leiteira da região do agreste do estado de Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Edleide Maria Freitas Pires

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The Agreste region in the state of Pernambuco is characterized by a diversified economy, with different cultivars, besides the daily and beef farms. In 2004 the State produced 398 million liters of milk; it represented 14.7% of the Northeast Region production and 1.7% of the National production. The aim of this work was to characterize the milk properties of the Agreste region of Pernambuco, observing conditions and factors that could interfere with milk quality. In the survey, 41 milk farms were selected in the region. Small milk farms were the most common found, with less than 25 (43.9% animals in lactation, and 36 (87.8% farms held a manual milking process. In relation to hygiene practices during milking, 16 (39.0% of the producers washed the teats before beginning, but only 4 (9.8% performed pre-dipping and 34 (82.9% milked in the presence the calf. Only 5 (12% farms applied some treatment to the water used for cleaning installations and equipment, even the water for human consumption was treated in only 43.9% of the farms. Milk refrigeration was performed in 10 (24.4% farms in communitarian tanks. As far as animal health is concerned, 39 (95.1% owners vaccinated for food and mouth disease and 23 (56.1% for brucellosis, while 10 (24.4% tested for tuberculosis. Regarding the farms structure the production conditions were precarious, showing the need of improving the structure itself and animal handling. As well as the implementation of Good Manufacturing Practices in the milking process, proper to the local reality.O Agreste pernambucano é caracterizado por uma economia diversificada, com diferentes cultivos, além da pecuária de leite e de corte. Em 2004 o Estado produziu 398 milhões de litros de leite, o que representou 14,7% da produção da Região Nordeste e 1,7% da produção Nacional. Este trabalho teve como objetivo caracterizar as propriedades leiteiras da região Agreste do Estado de Pernambuco, observando condições e fatores

  5. Biologia floral e sistema reprodutivo de Gliricidia sepium (Jacq. Steud. (Fabaceae- Papilionoidae na região de Petrolina, Pernambuco Floral biology and reproductive system of Gliricidia sepium (Jacq. Steud. (Fabaceae-Papilionoidae in region of Petrolina, Pernambuco state, Brazil

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    Lúcia Helena Piedade Kiill

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Aspectos da biologia da polinização e do sistema de reprodução de Gliricidia sepium foram estudados no período de março a dezembro de 1999, entre 05:30 e 17:00h., em uma população introduzida na Embrapa Semi-Árido (Petrolina, estado de Pernambuco. Quinze indivíduos da população foram marcados e acompanhados quinzenalmente para as observações dos estudos fenológicos. Para o estudo da morfologia e biologia florais, flores e inflorescências foram marcadas e acompanhadas até a formação dos frutos. Os visitantes florais foram observados ao longo do período do experimento, anotando-se a freqüência, o horário e a duração de suas visitas. G. sepium apresenta floração anual do tipo "cornucópia", com pico desta fenofase no mês de agosto. As flores estão reunidas em racemos axilares, com desenvolvimento centrípeto, ocorrendo a antese de 5 a 45 flores/dia. As flores apresentam a formação típica das papilionáceas, com corola de cor magenta, com a parte central do estandarte de cor creme, o qual funciona como guia de néctar. A antese é diurna, ocorrendo por volta da 06:00h, e a duração das flores é de aproximadamente 10 horas. Abelhas Apidae e Anthophoridae e lepidópteros Hesperiidae são os visitantes mais freqüentes, sendo Xylocopa griscesens, X. frontalis e Eulaema nigrita consideradas como principais polinizadores desta espécie. Quanto ao sistema de reprodução, G. sepium é xenôgama obrigatória, produzindo frutos e sementes somente após polinização cruzada (51,6%.The aspects of floral biology and reproductive system of Gliricidia sepium were studied from March to October of 1999, from 5:30am to 5:00pm, in an introduced population at Embrapa Semi-Árido, Petrolina, in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. Fifteen plants were marked and observed every two weeks for the study of phenology. For the study of floral biology and morphology, flowers and inflorescences were marked and observed until fruit set. The

  6. Impactos das mudanças climáticas na produção leiteira do estado de Pernambuco: análise para os cenários B2 e A2 do IPCC Impacts of the climate change on regional variation of milk production in the Pernambuco state, Brazil: analysis for the B2 and A2 IPCC scenarios

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    Thieres G. F. Da Silva

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir das informações dos cenários B2 e A2 propostos pelo IPCC (Painel Intergovernamental sobre Mudanças Climáticas foram avaliados os possíveis impactos das mudanças climáticas sobre a produção leiteira do Estado de Pernambuco. Para tal fim, foram calculados os valores do índice de temperatura e umidade (ITU, considerando os cenários de temperatura e umidade relativa. Em seguida, foram estimados os dados de declínio da produção de leite (DPL para três níveis de produção (10, 20 e 30 kg animal-1dia-1 e os valores de redução do consumo alimentar (RCA. Verificou-se que os cenários de mudanças climáticas promoveram alterações expressivas nas áreas com possibilidades de criação de vacas leiteiras, inclusive para as principais mesorregiões produtoras do Estado (Garanhuns, Vale do Ipanema e do Ipojuca. Os resultados obtidos auxiliarão produtores e governo na avaliação da vulnerabilidade do sistema de produção, bem como na elaboração de ações de mitigação e de adaptação da pecuária leiteira do Estado de Pernambuco frente aos cenários de mudanças climáticas.Based upon climate projections provided by the B2 and A2 IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change scenarios, the impacts of climate change on regional milk production in the Pernambuco State have been evaluated. Thus, the values of the temperature and humidity indexes (THI have been computed considering the temperature and relative humidity modelling projections. Afterwards, the milk production decline (MPD has been estimated for three production levels (10, 20 e 30 kg animal -1day-1. The values of the feed intake reduction (FIR were also calculated. It has been demonstrated that climate change as projected by the A2 and B2 scenarios leads to substantial modifications in the present day areas suitable for livestock, particularly at the main Pernambuco production regions (Garanhuns, Ipanema and Ipojuca Valley. The results may, therefore, help

  7. [Occurrence of weevils (Insecta: Coleoptera) in pet food traded in the Metropolitan Region of Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil].

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    Machado, Eduardo H L; Alves, Leucio C; Faustino, Maria A da G; Machado, Erilane de C L

    2008-01-01

    With the purpose of verifying the occurrence of insect pests in dog food commercialized in the Metropolitan Region of Recife, samples from 15 different pet stores were submitted to the extraction of insects in a Berlese-Tullgren apparatus. Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Tenebrionidae) (55.2%) was the most frequent specie followed by Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.) (Cucujidae) (31.3%), Rhyzopertha dominica (Fabricius) (Bostrichidae) (8.9%) and Lasioderma serricorne (Fabricius) (Anobiidae) (4.7%), all from Coleoptera. Recife showed the highest rate of infestation (53.6%), followed by Olinda (34.4%) and Jaboatão dos Guararapes (12.0%). The infestation by coleopters in the region occurs with high frequency and may represent a threat mainly in commercialized products in bulk.

  8. [Coliforms in the water supply of fast-food chains in the Metropolitan Region of Recife, in the state of Pernambuco (Brazil)].

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    Porto, Maria Anunciada Leal; Oliveira, Amanda de Morais; Fai, Ana Elizabeth Cavalcante; Stamford, Tânia Lúcia Montenegro

    2011-05-01

    A guaranteed supply of clean drinking water in food outlets is a relevant subject for public health. The scope of this study was to assess the microbiological quality of 96 water samples of a network of fast-food stores in the city of Recife (state of Pernambuco, Brazil) and Metropolitan Area and to compare the results to the standards established by Brazilian Health Ministry decree nº 518/2004. Every month, a double sample from one of the faucets in the food preparation area of the eight stores investigated was analyzed, totaling 96 samples over one year. The analyses followed the established methodology of American Public Health Association (APHA), in order to conduct the Presence-Absence Test, considering the potability standard in pertinent legislation. Results revealed that 11.46% and 1.04% of samples contained water contaminated with total coliforms and thermotolerant coliforms, respectively. The quality of the water in the food establishments studied is thus a health hazard since a significant percentage of samples analyzed were inappropriate for human consumption in accordance with current legislation, which stipulates the absence of total coliforms and thermotolerant coliforms.

  9. Newcastle disease virus infection in sparrows (Passer domesticus, Linneaus, 1758 captured in poultry farms of the agreste region of the State of Pernambuco

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    JSA Silva

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Reservoir competence for the Newcastle Disease virus (NDV was evaluated in sparrows (Passer domesticus, Linnaeus 1758 captured on a commercial poultry farm and a chicken hatchery in the State of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil. A total number of 103 birds collected from a poultry farm (24/103 and a chicken hatchery (79/103 were examined. Hemagglutination inhibition tests, isolation, and viral characterization were performed in all samples collected from each bird. Titers ranging from 1:2 to 1:64 were detectable in 10.68% of sparrows, but positive serology and viral isolation were obtained only from sparrows captured at the hatchery. Hemagglutination activity was inhibited by anti-avian paramyxovirus serotype 1 (APMV-1 serum, and this sample showed an intracerebral pathogenicity index (ICOI of 0.21, which is similar to the B1 stock vaccine (0.20 used for vaccination in those farms. Therefore, it was concluded that the sparrows were infected by stock vaccine virus, and that these birds could be a reservoir for NDV. However, additional studies involving sequencing of the virus genome of stock vaccine must be carried out.

  10. Epidemiologia e diferenças regionais da retinopatia diabética em Pernambuco, Brasil Epidemiology and regional differences of diabetic retinopathy in Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Paulo Henrique Gonçalves Escarião

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Avaliar os dados de freqüência e estadiamento da retinopatia diabética em Pernambuco, Brasil, comparando a região metropolitana com cidades do interior do estado. MÉTODOS: Os prontuários de 2.223 pacientes diabéticos (1.568 mulheres e 655 homens; idade média de 58,4 ± 12,0 anos; duração média do diabetes de 8,1 ± 6,3 anos, que fizeram parte de um programa de triagem para retinopatia diabética na Fundação Altino Ventura entre os meses de junho de 2004 e junho de 2005, foram revistos quanto à presença de retinopatia. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos quanto à origem: grupo I, pacientes residentes em Recife e região metropolitana; grupo II, pacientes residentes no interior do estado de Pernambuco. RESULTADOS: No grupo I, 477 (24,2% pacientes apresentavam retinopatia diabética ao passo que no grupo II, 89 (39,4% pacientes (pPURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence and severity of diabetic retinopathy among patients cared for in a screening program in Pernambuco, Brazil, comparing regional differences between urban and rural zones. METHODS: The charts of 2,223 diabetic patients (1,568 females and 655 males; mean age 59.3 ± 12.0 years; mean duration of diabetes 8.1 ± 6.3 years that took part in a screening program for diabetic retinopathy at Altino Ventura Foundation from June 2004 to June 2005 were reviewed for the presence of the disease. Patients were divided into two groups: group I, patients living in Recife and the metropolitan area; group II, patients living in the interior of Pernambuco state. RESULTS: In group I, 477 (24.2% patients had diabetic retinophathy, while in group II, 89 (39.4% patients (p<0.0001. The frequency of proliferative diabetic retinophathy, macular edema, vitreous hemorrhage and retinal detachment was higher in group II patients (p<0.05. CONCLUSIONS: Patients living in the interior of Pernambuco state have a higher incidence of diabetic retinophathy and the advanced forms than

  11. Espaçamento para o cultivo da bananeira 'Comprida verdadeira' (Musa AAB na zona da mata sul de Pernambuco (1° Ciclo Spacing on 'Comprida verdadeira' plantain (Musa AAB cultivatated in the south rain forest region of Pernambuco state, Brazil (1st. cycle

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    Roberto José Mello de Moura

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho objetivou definir o melhor espaçamento no desenvolvimento e rendimento da bananeira-'Comprida Verdadeira' na Zona da Mata Sul de Pernambuco. O experimento foi conduzido em delineamento de blocos ao acaso, com três tratamentos, constituídos por três diferentes espaçamentos (3,0 x 2,0 m, 2,5 x 2,0 m e 2,0 x 2,0 m e três repetições. Foram avaliados a altura da planta, circunferência do pseudocaule, número de filhos e folhas emitidos, número de dias do plantio à emissão da inflorescência e colheita, peso do cacho e das pencas, número de frutos e de pencas/cacho, comprimento e diâmetro do fruto, e espessura da casca. As diferentes distâncias entre plantas não influenciaram na produtividade do primeiro ciclo. Entretanto, os espaçamentos 3,0 x 2,0 m e 2,5 x 2,0 m promoveram a produção de cachos maiores, bem como frutos com melhores características físicas.This work aimed to define adequate spacings for the development and yield of 'Comprida Verdadeira' plantain in the South Rain Forest Region of Pernambuco State, Brazil. Experimental design of randomized bloks with three treatments, composed of three distinct spacings (3.0 x 2.0 m, 2.5 x 2.0 m and 2.0 x 2.0 m, and three replicates were utilized. The characteristics evaluated were: plant height, pseudostem circunference, numbers of suckers and leaves emitted, days from planting to inflorescence emission and harvest, bunch and hands weights, numbers of fruits and hands per bunch, fruit lenght and diameter, and skin thickness. Different distances had no effect on first cycle productivity. However, 3.0 x 2.0 m and 2.5 x 2.0 m spacings increased yield of bunch weight, and fruits showed the best physical characteristics.

  12. Níveis críticos do Índice de Conforto Térmico para ovinos da raça Santa Inês criados a pasto no agreste do Estado de Pernambuco = Critical levels of the Thermal Comfort Index for Santa Inês sheep under grazing at the agreste region of Pernambuco State

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    Maria Luciana Menezes Wanderley Neves

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi estimar os valores críticos do Índice de Conforto Térmico (ICT para ovinos deslanados da raça Santa Inês em condições de pastejo, com base nos parâmetros fisiológicos. O experimento foi conduzido de janeiro a abril na região agreste do Estado de Pernambuco. Os parâmetros temperatura retal (TR e frequência respiratória (FR foram avaliados três vezes por semana nos períodos da manhã e da tarde. O ambiente foi monitorado diariamente, por intermédio de uma estação meteorológica instalada ao lado do piquete experimental. As medidas para as análises de regressão foram obtidas de 15 ovinos da raça Santa Inês, sendo cinco de cada cor: branca, castanha e preta. Baseando-se na TR, os valores críticos do ICT estimados para os ovinos brancos, castanhose pretos foram, respectivamente de 46,3; 45,5 e 44,5. Baseando-se na FR, o valor crítico de ICT foi de 38,0 para os animais das três cores.The objective of this research was to estimate the critical values of the Thermal Comfort Index (TCI for Santa Inês sheep under grazing conditions, based on physiological parameters. The experimentwas conducted from January to April in the agreste region of Pernambuco State. The rectal temperature (RT and respiratory rate (RR were evaluated three times a week in the morning and in the afternoon. The environment was monitored daily, in a meteorologicalstation installed next to the paddock. The measurements for regression analysis were obtained from 15 Santa Inês sheep with five animals for each color: white, chestnut, and black. Based on the RT, the estimated critical values of TCI for white, chestnut, and blacksheep were, respectively, 46.3, 45.5 and 44.5. Based on the RR, the estimated critical value of TCI was 38.0 for the animals of all three coat colors.

  13. Occurrence and risk factors assessment associated with Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG infection in chickens in the semiarid region of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Sílvio G. de Sá

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The aim of the present study was to assess the occurrence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG infection and risk factors of this disease in three hundred serum samples from on 23 familiar agricultural properties in the semiarid region of the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. ELISA was used to study antibodies anti-Mycoplasma gallisepticum. The univariate analysis (chi-squared test or Fischer's exact test followed by multivariate analysis (logistic regression were used to assess the risk factors with two variables: management and sanity of the poultry. It was detected a frequence of 53.33% (157/300 of the birds were positive for MG, with 100% foci. The risk factors confirmed by multivariate analysis, in the present study, were the presence of other poultry species on the property, including Numida meleagris (OR=2.22; p=0.005, parrots (OR=1.72; p=0.027, and of passerines (OR=1.88; p=0.007. These results showed that Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection is endemic among backyard poultry in the semiarid region of the state of Pernambuco. These birds could be a source of infection for other wild or domestic poultry. . This is the first report of the occurrence of avian mycoplasmosis in backyard poultry in the state of Pernambuco in northeastern Brazil. The risk factors identified should serve as a parameter for the health authorities to seek solutions related to controlling the disease.

  14. Detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in bovine milk from the state of Pernambuco, Brazil.

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    Albuquerque, Pedro Paulo Feitosa de; Santos, André de Souza; Souza Neto, Orestes Luiz de; Kim, Pomy de Cássia Peixoto; Cavalcanti, Erika Fernanda Torres Samico Fernandes; Oliveira, Júnior Mário Baltazar de; Mota, Rinaldo Aparecido; Júnior, José Wilton Pinheiro

    The aim of this study was to detect the IS900 region of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in bovine milk samples using real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and conventional PCR, and to study the agreement between these tests. A total of 121 bovine milk samples were collected from herds considered positive for MAP, from the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. MAP DNA was detected in 20 samples (16.5%) using conventional PCR and in 34 samples (28.1%) using qPCR. MAP DNA was detected in all of the 6 animal farms studied. Moderate agreement was found between qPCR and conventional PCR results, where the sensitivity and specificity of conventional PCR in relation to qPCR were 50% and 96.6%, respectively. Thus, the IS900 region of MAP was found in bovine milk samples from the State of Pernambuco. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of MAP DNA found in bovine milk in Northeast Brazil. We also demonstrated the qPCR technique is more sensitive than conventional PCR with respect to detection of MAP in milk samples. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda.

  15. Prevalence and associated risk factors for bovine brucellosis in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Erivânia Camelo de Almeida

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to characterize the epidemiology of bovine brucellosis in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. The state was divided into three regions, and in each region, approximately 300 properties were randomly sampled. From these selected properties, a pre-established number of animals were randomly selected and blood serum samples were obtained. A total of 3,901 animals were selected from 900 properties. For each selected property, an epidemiological questionnaire was administered to assess the type of farming, the animal husbandry practices and the sanitary practices that could be associated with the presence of brucellosis infection. The testing protocol consisted of screening the samples with a buffered acidified plate antigen test and retesting the positive samples with a complement fixation test (CF. One positive animal was enough to define an infected herd. The prevalence rates of infected herds and animals in the state were 4.5% [3.2; 6.4%] and 1.4% [0.7; 2.7%], respectively. By region, the prevalence rates of infected herds and animals, respectively, were as follows: Zona da Mata, 3.3% [1.8; 6.1%] and 1.7% [0.5; 3.0%]; Agreste, 7.4% [4.9; 10.9%] and 1.9% [0.8; 3.0%]; and Sertão, 1.3% [0.5; 3.5%] and 0.7% [0.0; 1.6%]. Flooded pastures (OR = 2.86 [1.37; 6.42] and the presence of 13 or more females in the herd (3rd quartile (OR = 2.65 [1.19; 5.89] were identified as risk factors. The existence of veterinary care emerged as a protective factor against bovine brucellosis in the state of Pernambuco (OR = 0.24 [0.10; 0.58].

  16. 10-year epidemiological profile changes for cervical and endometrial cancer patients treated by radiotherapy in the Pernambuco state, Brazil

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    Cantinha, Rebeca S.; Santos, Mariana L.O.; Franca, Elvis J., E-mail: ejfranca@yahoo.com.br, E-mail: marianasantos_ufpe@hotmail.com, E-mail: rebecanuclear@gmail.com [Centro Regional de Ciencias Nucleares do Nordeste (CRCN-NE/CNEN-PE), Recife, PE (Brazil); Pessoa, Juanna G.; Melo, Ana M.M.A.; Amancio, Francisco F., E-mail: amdemelo@hotmail.com, E-mail: amanciobike@gmail.com, E-mail: juannapessoa@gmail.com, E-mail: marianasantos_ufpe@hotmail.com [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Departamento de Biofisica e Radiobiologia; Oliveira Neto, Aristides M.; Melo, Jonathan A., E-mail: aristidesoliveira466@hotmail.com, E-mail: jonathan@truenet.com.br [Centro de Radioterapia de Pernambuco (CERAPE), Santo Amaro, PE (Brazil)

    2014-07-01

    Cancer is a worldwide public health problem, its prevention and control are included within 16 strategic objectives of the Brazilian Ministry of Health for the period 2011-2015. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common tumor in the female population, being new 15,590 cases estimated for 2014 according to the Brazilian National Cancer Institute (INCA). Pernambuco is the fifth state with the highest number of cases of cervical cancer and the seventh in cases of endometrial ones, both estimative for 2014. The understanding of the epidemiological profile of these pathologies corroborates strategies for prevention, control and treatment. As Pernambuco has implemented the radiotherapy for cancer treatment since 1998-1999, this work encompassed the comparison of the 1998-1999 epidemiological profile of patients treated by radiotherapy for cervical and endometrial cancer in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil, with 2008-2009 profile - ten years after. Medical record of 490 patients treated at the Center of Radiotherapy of Pernambuco (CERAPE) were compiled according to the patient origin, the affected uterus region, the staging of disease, the type and cell differentiation of the tumor, the age group, and, finally, the realization of hysterectomy as part of the treatment. More than 90% of the patients were affected by cervical cancer in the two investigated periods. For the interval of 1998-1999 the proportion of patients submitted to hysterectomy was quite higher compared to those after ten years. The results also showed a change in the origin of the patients, in which, in 1999, most of the patients were from the capital and the metropolitan area, while, after ten years, patients were mostly from the interior of the State. There was a predominance of squamous cell type tumors in both periods evaluated. For the 1998-1999 interval, tumors were stage 2, moderately differentiated type. Differently, the tumors were mostly stage 3, not differentiated type, for the 2008-2009 period

  17. Phyllanthus L. (Phyllanthaceae em Pernambuco, Brasil Phyllanthus L. (Phyllanthaceae in Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Marcos José da Silva

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available O estudo foi baseado na análise morfológica de materiais herborizados e observação em campo. Foram registradas 17 espécies diferenciadas, principalmente, através do número e forma das sépalas, número e união dos estames, além do sexo da inflorescência e ornamentação da testa das sementes. Dessas espécies, seis (P. amarus Schum. & Thonn., P. tenellus Roxb., P. caroliniensis Walt. subsp. caroliniensis, P. niruri L., P. orbiculatus L.C. Rich. e P. stipulatus (Raf. Webster apresentam ampla distribuição no Estado, quatro (P. chacoensis Morong, P. klotzschianus Müll. Arg., P. heteradenius Müll. Arg., P. claussenii Müll. Arg. restringiram-se a zona das Caatingas, sendo P. chacoensis Morong restrita à vegetação ripária do vale do rio São Francisco e as demais (P. acuminatus Vahl, P. subemarginatus Müll. Arg., P. minutulus Müll. Arg., P. hypoleucus Müll. Arg., P. juglandifolius Willd., P. urinaria L. e P. grandyi M.J. Silva & M.F. Sales são de ambientes florestais da zona da Mata, podendo ainda alcançar as florestas montanas, "brejos" de Altitude, do interior do Estado. Chave para identificação, comentários sobre afinidades e distribuição geográfica, bem como ilustrações, são fornecidas.This study was based on morphological analysis of dry material and field observations. The 17 species found in Pernambuco are recognized by sepal number and shape, number and fusion of the stamens, inflorescence sex and seed coat ornamentation. Six species (P. amarus Schum. & Thonn., P. tenellus Roxb., P. caroliniensis Walt. subsp. caroliniensis, P. niruri L., P. orbiculatus L.C. Rich. and P. stipulatus (Raf. Webster are widely distributed in Pernambuco; four (P. chacoensis Morong, P. klotzschianus Müll. Arg., P. heteradenius Müll. Arg., P. claussenii Müll. Arg. are restricted to the caatinga biome, where P. chacoensis is restricted to riparian vegetation of the São Francisco River. The other species (P. acuminatus Vahl, P

  18. Prevalence of anemia in children 6-59 months old in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Mônica M. Osório

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To determine the prevalence of anemia in children 6-59 months old in Pernambuco, a state in northeastern Brazil, so as to help guide health and nutrition policies there. Methods. In 1997 a representative sample of 777 young children had their hemoglobin concentration measured. The sampling process was in three stages. First, 18 municipalities were randomly selected to represent the state and its three geographic areas (metropolitan region of Recife, urban interior, and rural interior. Next, using census lists, 45 census sectors were randomly chosen. Finally, 777 children aged 6-59 months old were selected. Blood was collected by venipuncture, and hemoglobin was measured with a portable hemoglobinometer. In the analysis, prevalence was weighted to reflect the census age distribution. Results. The prevalence of anemia among children 6-59 months old was 40.9% for the state as a whole. Prevalence in the metropolitan region of Recife was 39.6%, and it was 35.9% in the urban interior. The rural interior had the highest prevalence, 51.4%. Prevalence was twice as high in children aged 6-23 months as among those 24-59 months old, 61.8% vs. 31.0% (chi² = 77.9, P < 0.001. The mean hemoglobin concentrations in the younger and older age groups were 10.4 g/dL (standard deviation (SD = 1.5 and 11.4 g/dL (SD = 1.4, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the sexes in terms of prevalence. Conclusions. This is the first statewide assessment of anemia prevalence among young children in Brazil. Given the very high prevalence of anemia among the children studied in Pernambuco, especially those in the age group of 6-23 months, public health interventions are needed.

  19. Rabies virus in Molossus molossus (Chiroptera: Molossidae in the State of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil

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    Luiz Augustinho Menezes da Silva

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Rabies virus was detected in bats (Molossus molossus from an urban area in the City of Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil. Four individuals were found during the day in visible, non-habitual places, lying on the ground, but still alive. No contact occurred with people or animals. Of these, only two were identified; it was not possible to identify two specimens, since they were incinerated prior to identification. Diagnosis was positive by direct immunofluorescence and intracerebral inoculation in mice. This study presents the first instance in which the virus was detected in insectivorous bats in the State of Pernambuco.

  20. Benthic Bacillariophyta of the Paripe River estuary in Pernambuco state, Brazil

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    AN. Moura

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the benthic diatom composition from the estuary sediment in the Pernambuco State, based on 32 samples. Samples were collected monthly from September through December 1999 (dry period and from April through July 2000 (rainy period during four pre established sampling stations. Results indicated 19 families and 31 specific and infraspecific taxa. Eight new records were founded for Pernambuco State: Auliscus coelatus, Fallacia nummularia, Navicula algida, Plagiograma pulchellum, Terpsinoe americana, Triceratium antideluvianna and Tryblionella coarctata and one, Auliscus punctatus Bailey, in northeastern Brazil.

  1. Novos registros de briófitas para Pernambuco, Brasil New records of bryophytes for the Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Shirley Rangel Germano

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Os novos registros são provenientes de um remanescente de Floresta Atlântica, a Reserva Ecológica do Gurjaú (08º10'00'' e 08º15'00''S; 35º02'30'' e 35º05'00''O, situada na região metropolitana do Recife, Pernambuco. São oito espécies de Lejeuneaceae: Archilejeunea auberiana (Mont. A. Evans, Cololejeunea cardiocarpa (Mont. A. Evans, Colura greig-smithii Jovet-Ast, Diplasiolejeunea cobrensis Gottsche ex Steph., Harpalejeunea stricta (Lindenb. & Gottsche Steph., Lejeunea caespitosa Lindenb., L. monimiae (Steph. Steph., L. quinqueumbonata Spruce,e uma de Bryaceae: Bryum pabstianum C. Muell. São apresentadas ilustrações, comentários taxonômicos e ecológicos, e distribuição geográfica das espécies no Brasil.The new records were found in an Atlantic Forest remnant (tropical lowland rainforest, Reserva Ecológica do Gurjaú (08º10'00'' and 08º15'00''S; 35º02'30'' and 35º05'00''W, situated in the metropolitan area of Recife, Pernambuco State, Northeastern Brazil. The new occurrence corresponds to eight species of Lejeuneaceae: Archilejeunea auberiana (Mont. A. Evans, Cololejeunea cardiocarpa (Mont. A. Evans, Coluragreig-smithii Jovet-Ast, Diplasiolejeunea cobrensis Gottsche ex Steph., Harpalejeunea stricta (Lindenb. & Gottsche Steph., Lejeunea caespitosa Lindenb., L. monimiae (Steph. Steph., L. quinqueumbonata Spruce, and a Bryaceae: Bryum pabstianum C. Muell. Illustrations, floristic and ecological comments, and geographical distribution in Brazil are given for each species.

  2. Citogenética de Angiospermas coletadas em Pernambuco: V Cytogenetics of Angiosperms collected in the State of Pernambuco: V

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    Andrea Pedrosa

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available Foram analisadas 33 espécies, entre nativas e introduzidas, pertencentes a 20 famílias de angiospermas ocorrentes no Estado de Pernambuco. A caracterização cariotípica da maioria das espécies foi baseada no número e morfologia cromossômica, padrão de condensação de cromossomos profásicos e estrutura de núcleo interfásico. Cinco espécies tiveram seus números cromossômicos determinados pela primeira vez, sendo elas: Cereus jamacaru (2n=22, Clitoria fairchildiana (2n=22, Eugenia luschnathiana (2n=22, Licania tomentosa (2n=22 e Spondias tuberosa (n=16. No caso de Licania tomentosa esta é a primeira citação de número cromossômico para o gênero. Das outras 28 espécies, três (Cecropia cf. palmata, 2n=26; Crinum erubescens, 2n=70; e Schinus terebentifolius, 2n=28 apresentaram números cromossômicos diferentes dos registrados previamente na literatura.Thirty three native and introduced species from 20 families of angiosperms collected in the State of Pernambuco were analysed. The karyotype description of the majority of the species was based on chromosome number and morphology, condensation pattern of prophase chromosomes as well as interphase nuclear structure. In five species (Cereus jamacaru, 2n=22; Clitoria fairchildiana, 2n=22; Eugenia luschnathiana, 2n=22; Licania tomentosa, 2n=22; and Spondias tuberosa, n=16 the chromosome number is reported here for the first time. In the case of Licania tomentosa, this is also the first report for the genus. Among the other 28 species, three (Cecropia cf. palmata, 2n=26; Crinum erubescens, 2n=70; and Schinus terebentifolius, 2n=28 showed chromosome numbers different from what has previously been reported.

  3. Classificação de solos planossólicos do Sertão do Araripe (PE Classification of planossolic soils from the Sertão do Araripe region, of State Pernambuco, Brazil

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    L. B. Oliveira

    2003-08-01

    , desde que apresente transição abrupta que configure um fraturamento muito nítido com o horizonte que o antecede (A, E ou Bt.Soils with a planic B horizon underlying a textural B horizon and, therefore, not regarded as Planosols in the Brazilian System of Soil Classification (SIBCS were characterized and classified. Three representative soil profiles were selected in the county of Ouricuri, Araripina micro-region, within the Sertão Zone of Pernambuco State, an area with a high density of planossolic soils. Soil profiles were morphologically described and disturbed samples taken from each horizon for physical and chemical analyses. Undisturbed samples were collected to determine bulk density. Results showed that the soils, formed by the contribution of two parent materials (sediments and crystalline rocks, demonstrate this double origin with two distinct sections. The top on is formed by A, BA, Bt, and/or Btf horizons, and the bottom one by 2Btbn and 2BCn horizons. The topsoil horizons have colors of higher chromas, lower clay contents, smaller bulk density, higher hydraulic conductivity, and a lower clay activity compared to the subsoil horizons, characterized by high bulk density, low chromas and very low hydraulic conductivity, limiting the downward movement of water. The soils were classified in the SIBCS as: Sodic Planossolic Eutric Argiluvic Plinthosol (profile 1; Solodic Planossolic Eutric Yellow Argisol (profile 2 and Sodic Planossolic Plinthic Eutric Yellow Argisol (profile 3. Changes in the definition of the planic B horizon were suggested to allow the inclusion of the studied soils as follows: a planic B horizon must not obligatorily underlie an A or E horizon nor present an abrupt particle size alteration as long as it presents abrupt transition that is a very clear rupture with the previous A, E or Bt horizon.

  4. Location Study of Solar Thermal Power Plant in the State of Pernambuco Using Geoprocessing Technologies and Multiple-Criteria Analysis

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    Verônica Wilma B. Azevêdo

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Solar Thermal Technology for the generation of electricity in large scale has been a reality in the world since the 1980s, when the first large-sized solar plants in the United States were introduced. Brazil presents great potential for the development of large-scale projects, although it is noted that the main barriers for the insertion of this technology in Brazilian market are the lack of incentives and goals and associated costs. In a way to contribute to the insertion of solar thermal technology in Brazil, this paper presents a macro-spatial approach, based on the use of Multiple-Criteria Decision Analysis and Geoprocessing, for the location of solar thermal power plants. The applied methodology for Pernambuco, located in the Northeast Region of Brazil, considered the implantation of parabolic trough solar power plant of 80 MW, operating only in solar mode, without heat storage. Based on performed analysis, it was confirmed that Pernambuco presents great potential for the installation of solar power plants, especially in the backlands of Pernambuco. Performed validations in the model demonstrate that the methodology attended the objective once the consistence between the assigned weights to the thematic layers, individually, and the final Map of site suitability were evidenced.

  5. Glanders in donkeys (Equus asinus in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil: a case report

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    Rinaldo Aparecido Mota

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The clinical, anatomical and histopatological findings of glanders diagnosis in donkeys in the state of Pernambuco-Brazil are reported. The animals were euthanized and necropsied, and evaluated for lesions in respiratory and lymphatic systems, confirming the disease by isolation of Burkholderia mallei and Strauss test.

  6. Glanders in donkeys (Equus Asinus) in the state of pernambuco, Brazil: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mota, Rinaldo Aparecido; da Fonseca Oliveira, Andréa Alice; da Silva, Andréa Marques Vieira; Junior, José Wilton Pinheiro; da Silva, Leonildo Bento Galiza; de Farias Brito, Marilene; Rabelo, Silvana Suely Assis

    2010-01-01

    The clinical, anatomical and histopatological findings of glanders diagnosis in donkeys in the state of Pernambuco-Brazil are reported. The animals were euthanized and necropsied, and evaluated for lesions in respiratory and lymphatic systems, confirming the disease by isolation of Burkholderia mallei and Strauss test.

  7. PRODUÇÃO DE MATÉRIA SECA E CONCENTRAÇÃO DE MACRONUTRIENTES EM Brachiaria decumbens SOB DIFERENTES SISTEMAS DE MANEJO NA ZONA DA MATA DE PERNAMBUCO DRY MATTER YIELD AND MACRONUTRIENT CONCENTRATION IN Brachiaria decumbens UNDER DIFFERENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IN COASTAL REGION OF THE PERNAMBUCO STATE, BRAZIL

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    Apolino José Nogueira da Silva

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available

    O cultivo de pastagens por longo tempo, sob diferentes sistemas de manejo, pode causar alterações na produção de matéria seca e na concentração de macronutrientes na parte aérea das plantas. Em experimento conduzido na estação experimental da Empresa Pernambucana de Pesquisa Agropecuária (IPA, no município de Itambé, Estado de Pernambuco, foram estudados os efeitos de diferentes sistemas de manejo com pastagens na produção de matéria seca e na concentração de macronutrientes da parte aérea das plantas. Os sistemas de manejo consistiram de uma área fertilizada e sob pastagens de Brachiaria decumbens consorciada com Calopogonium mucunoides; uma área fertilizada e cultivada com pastagens de B. decumbens não consorciada; uma área disseminada naturalmente e não fertilizada; e uma área disseminada naturalmente, não fertilizada e com presença de leguminosas nativas do gênero Sesbania. A parte aérea das plantas foi coletada a 0,15 m de altura, para determinação da produção de matéria seca da parte aérea e concentração de N, P, K, Ca e Mg. As áreas fertilizadas com B. decumbens ou com B. decumbens consorciada com C. mucunoides promoveram as maiores concentrações de N, P e K, nas épocas chuvosa e seca, e maior produção de matéria seca da parte aérea das plantas, na época seca, em relação aos outros tratamentos estudados.

    PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Brachiaria; Calopogonium; argissolo.

    The cultivation of pastures for long time under different management systems can cause alterations in the dry matter production and in the macronutrients concentration in shoots of plants. In an experiment carried out at the Pernambuco Agricultural Research Institute (IPA experiment extension, district of Itambé, Pernambuco State, Brazil, the effects of different

  8. Pythiosis in sheep from Pernambuco and Bahia States, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Carrera,Manuel V.; Peixoto,Rodolfo de M.; Gisele V. Gouveia; Pessoa,Clarice R.M; Jesus,Francielli P.K. de; Janio M. Santurio; Sônia A. Botton; Costa, Mateus M.

    2013-01-01

    A pitiose é uma doença infecciosa causada pelo oomiceto aquático P. insidiosum que acomete animais e o homem, especialmente habitantes de áreas úmidas. A enfermidade apresenta como característica principal a formação de lesões com aspecto granulomatoso nos hospedeiros. Neste trabalho, relatou-se a ocorrência da pitiose em ovinos nos estados de Pernambuco (PE) e Bahia (BA), Nordeste do Brasil, bem como foi avaliada a eficácia de um imunoterápico frente a esta enfermidade. Amostras de sangue de...

  9. Avaliação da qualidade microbiológica de águas minerais consumidas na região metropolitana de Recife, Estado de Pernambuco = Evaluation of the microbiological quality of mineral water consumed in the metropolitan region of Recife, Pernambuco State

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    Marcelo Iran Souza Coelho

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Águas minerais comercializadas em garrafões de 20 L na região metropolitana de Recife, Estado de Pernambuco foram analisadas microbiologicamente, no período de junho de 2002 a maio de 2003. As dez marcas escolhidas de água mineral foram avaliadas no tocante às bactérias heterotróficas, coliformes, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas spp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa e Aeromonas spp. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente por meio de Modelos Lineares Generalizados (GLM. As águas minerais apresentaram contaminação por E. coli, P. aeruginosa, A. hydrophila e A. caviae. Concluiu-se que, de todas as dez marcas analisadas, pelo menos uma amostra de cada marca apresentou-se imprópria para o consumo, por não atender aos parâmetros estabelecidos pela legislação em vigor em, no mínimo, duas análises; o Número Mais Provável (NMP de Pseudomonas spp. e de P. aeruginosa foi influenciado pela sazonalidade e a contagem de bactérias heterotróficas; o Número Mais Provável (NMP de coliformes totais e termotolerantes e a pesquisa de Aeromonas spp. não sofreram influência significativa da sazonalidade.Mineral water sold in 20 L bottles in the metropolitan area of Recife, Pernambuco State were microbiologically analyzed between June 2002 and May 2003. The ten selected brands of mineral water were evaluated with regard to heterotrophic bacteria, coliforms, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas spp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Aeromonas spp. Data were statistically analyzed using Generalized Linear Models (GLM. Mineral waters showed contamination by the following: E. coli, P. aeruginosa, A. hydrophila and A. caviae. It was concluded that of all ten tested brands, at least one sample of each brand was improper for consumption, for not meeting the parameters established by legislation in at least two tests; the Most Probable Number (MPN for Pseudomonas spp. and P. aeruginosa was influenced by seasonality and the count of heterotrophic bacteria; the Most

  10. O programa de controle da esquistossomose em dois municípios da zona da mata de Pernambuco: uma análise de implantação Implementation analysis of the schistosomiasis control program in two municipalities in the zona da mata region of the Brazilian State of Pernambuco

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    Louisiana Regadas de Macedo Quinino

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: conhecer os fatores intervenientes na variação do grau de implantação (GI do Programa de Controle da Esquistossomose (PCE em dois municípios de Pernambuco. MÉTODOS: análise de implantação, que avaliou a influência do contexto no GI do PCE. Utilizaram-se questionários estruturados que foram aplicados aos coordenadores do PCE, aos secretários de saúde, coordenadores e agentes de saúde ambiental. Também foram pesquisados registros oficiais e realizou-se observação direta. Empregou-se um sistema de escores que classificou o GI do PCE em implantado (90 a 100 pontos, parcialmente implantado (60 a 89 pontos e não implantado (OBJECTIVES: to understand the factors that give rise to variations in the degree of implementation (DI of the Schistosomiasis Control Program (SCP in two municipalities in the Brazilian State of Pernambuco. METHODS: an implementation analysis was undertaken to evaluate the influence of the context the DI of the SCP. Structured questionnaires were used to interview SCP coordinators, health secretaries, and environmental health coordinators and agents. Research was also carried out using official records and direct observation. A points system was used to classify the DI of the SCP as implemented (90 to 100 points, partially implemented (60 to 89 points and not implemented (< 59. RESULTS: the DI of the SCP in the first municipality was "not implemented" (52.85 points and in the second municipality 'partially implemented' (63.65 points. The main impediments to the implementation of schistosomiasis control measures were lack of knowledge of how the SCP works, insufficient planning of control measures, low priority given to the program, insufficient infrastructure, and failure to include control measures in tools used to manage and centralize action. CONCLUSIONS: there is a need to rethink the way schistosomiasis is controlled and to contemplate integrated and equitable decentralization of action, with a

  11. Musgos pleurocárpicos de mata serrana em Pernambuco, Brasil Pleurocarpous mosses of a Sub-montane Rain Forest in Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Jurandir A. Valdevino

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Foi realizado o inventário dos musgos pleurocárpicos em uma área de Floresta Estacional Subcaducifólia Tropical Pluvionebular (mata serrana de brejo de altitude situada na propriedade Bituri Grande, município de Brejo da Madre de Deus (8º08'45''S, 36º22'16''W, Pernambuco. A propriedade possui ca. 700ha e situa-se a 900-1.120m s.m. A brioflora dos musgos pleurocárpicos é composta por 23 espécies pertencentes a 13 famílias. Constituem-se novos registros para a região Nordeste do Brasil: Aptychopsis subpungifolia (Broth. Broth., Erytrodontium longisetum (Hook. Par., Porothamnium flagelliferum (Hampe Fleisch., Sematophyllum beyrichii (Hornsch. Broth., S. galipense (C. Muell. Mitt. e Trichosteleum glaziovii (Hampe W.R. Buck. Para os táxons de ocorrência nova são apresentadas descrições, ilustrações, comentários e distribuição geográfica no Brasil.A floristic survey of bryophytes from a seasonal subdeciduous tropical forest was carried out in a remnant located in municipality of Brejo da Madre de Deus, State of Pernambuco (8º08'45''S, 36º22'16''W. The property has an area of 700ha, distributed over valleys and hills from 900-1120m altitude. Twenty three species belonging to 13 families of pleurocarpous mosses were registered. New references for Northeast region of Brazil are Aptychopsis subpungifolia (Broth. Broth., Erytrodontium longisetum (Hook. Par., Porothamnium flagelliferum (Hampe Fleisch., Sematophyllum beyrichii (Hornsch. Broth., S. galipense (C. Muell. Mitt. and Trichosteleum glaziovii (Hampe W. R. Buck. Descriptions, illustrations, comments and geographical distributions are given for each new record.

  12. Estudo espacial da mortalidade por acidentes de motocicleta em Pernambuco Estudio espacial de la mortalidad de accidentes de motocicleta en Pernambuco, Noreste de Brasil Spatial study of mortality in motorcycle accidents in the State of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil

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    Paul Hindenburg Nobre de Vasconcelos Silva

    2011-04-01

    en el Sistema de Informaciones sobre Mortalidad, y como denominador, la población del centro del período. Se utilizaron técnicas de análisis espacial, suavización del coeficiente por el método bayesiano empírico local y el diagrama de dispersión de Moran, aplicados sobre la base cartográfica digital del estado. RESULTADOS: El coeficiente promedio de mortalidad por accidentes de motocicletas en Pernambuco fue de 3,47/100 mil habitantes. De los 185 municipios, 16 formaban parte de cinco conglomerados identificados con coeficientes de mortalidad que variaron de 5,66 a 11,66/100 mil habitantes, considerados áreas críticas. Tres de dichas áreas se localizan en la región de desarrollo sertón y dos en la agreste. CONCLUSIONES: El riego de morir por accidente de motocicleta es mayor en las áreas de conglomerado en regiones fuera del eje metropolitano, sugiriendo medidas de intervención que consideren el contexto desarrollo económico, social y cultural.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the spatial distribution of mortality due to motorcycle accidents in the state of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil. METHODS: A population-based ecological study using data on mortality in motorcycle accidents from 01/01/2000 to 31/12/2005. The analysis units were the municipalities. For the spatial distribution analysis, an average mortality rate was calculated, using deaths from motorcycle accidents recorded in the Mortality Information System as the numerator, and as the denominator the population of the mid-period. Spatial analysis techniques, mortality smoothing coefficient estimate by the local empirical Bayesian method and Moran scatterplot, applied to the digital cartographic base of Pernambuco were used. RESULTS: The average mortality rate for motorcycle accidents in Pernambuco was 3.47 per 100 thousand inhabitants. Of the 185 municipalities, 16 were part of five clusters identified with average mortality rates ranging from 5.66 to 11.66 per 100 thousand inhabitants, and were

  13. Synanthropic triatomines (Hemiptera, Reduviidae in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil: geographical distribution and natural Trypanosoma infection rates between 2006 and 2007

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    Maria Beatriz Araújo Silva

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The present study shows a descriptive analysis of triatomine occurrence and its natural Trypanosoma infection rates in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, between 2006 and 2007. METHODS: Entomological data for the species, such as specimens captured in both intra and peridomiciles and natural infection index, were obtained via domiciliary capture in 147 municipalities from 11 Regional Managements of Health. The database was obtained from a sample of insects (100% infected and 20% non-infected sent to the Central Laboratory of Pernambuco. RESULTS: A total of 18,029 triatomines were analyzed from 138 municipalities of the state. Triatoma pseudomaculata (35%, Triatoma brasiliensis (34%, and Panstrongylus lutzi (25% were the most captured species. These species also showed a widespread geographical distribution in the state. Panstrongylus megistus, Triatoma petrocchiae, Triatoma melanocephala, Triatoma sordida, Rhodnius nasutus, Rhodnius neglectus, and Triatoma infestans showed more limited geographical distribution and lower relative abundance. The parasitological research showed that 8.8% of the triatomines were naturally infected with flagellates morphologically similar to Trypanosoma cruzi and 91.3% of them were captured inside houses in 113 municipalities. P. lutzi showed the highest rates of natural infection. CONCLUSIONS: After the control of T. infestans, synanthropic species, such as T. brasiliensis, T. pseudomaculata, and P. lutzi, maintain the risk of T. cruzi transmission to humans in the state of Pernambuco. These species are widely distributed, and infected specimens have been found inside houses. Thus, an enhanced surveillance and vector control of Chagas disease is recommended in Pernambuco.

  14. Manejo de colheita e espaçamento da palma-forrageira, em consórcio com sorgo granífero, no Agreste de Pernambuco Harvest managing and plant spacing of spinelles fodder cactus, under grain sorghum intercropping at the semi-arid region of Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    IDERVAL FARIAS

    2000-02-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi realizado na zona semi-árida de Pernambuco e teve como objetivo investigar o efeito de espaçamento, e a freqüência e intensidade de colheitas da palma-forrageira (Opuntia ficus-indica Mill. consorciada com sorgo granífero (Sorghum bicolor (L. Moench. O delineamento experimental foi o de blocos ao acaso em parcelas subdivididas, sendo os espaçamentos alocados nas parcelas principais, e as freqüências e intensidades de colheitas, nas subparcelas. Os resultados são de um período de 12 anos, e as produções de matéria seca de palma, de grãos e restolhos de sorgo foram: 5,23, 1,65 e 2,07; 4,51, 1,30 e 2,10; 2,75, 1,97 e 3,51 t/ha/ano, em espaçamentos de 2,0 m x 1,0 m; 3,0 m x 1,0 m x 0,50 m e 7,0 m x 1,0 m x 0,50 m, respectivamente. A produção de matéria seca foi diferente entre as freqüências de corte, quando foram conservados os artículos primários: 4,08 t/ha/ano na freqüência de quatro anos, e de 3,43 t/ha/ano na freqüência de dois anos. A produção de palma aumentou com o período de crescimento da planta, nas duas intensidades de corte estudadas. A composição química dos artículos de palma e dos restolhos de sorgo foi pouco afetada pelos tratamentos.This trial was carried out in the semi-arid region of Pernambuco, aiming to study plant spacing and harvest frequencies and intensities of forage cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica Mill.. An experimental design in a split plot design was applied, in which plant spacing were used as the main plots and harvest frequencies and intensities as the subplots. Results presented in this work are related to a twelve-year period. The dry matter yields of forage cactus, sorghum grains and stover were: 5.23, 1.65 and 2.07; 4.51, 1.30 and 2.10; 2.75, 1.97 and 3.5 ton/ha/year, for plant spacing 2.0 m x 1.0 m; 3.0 m x 1.0 m x 0.50 m and 7.0 m x 1.0 m x 0.50 m, respectively. Dry matter yield was different between harvest frequencies, when primary articles were conserved: 4

  15. Mycoplasma agalactiae in semen and milk of goat from Pernambuco state, Brazil

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    Bruno H.L.S. Alves

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In goat and sheep flocks, mycoplasmosis is a disease that may cause severe economical losses associated with polyarthritis, mastitis, agalactia, conjunctivitis, pneumonia and reproductive failure. The latter may involve repeat breeding, granular vulvovaginitis, infertility and abortions. The aim of the present study was to assess the occurrence of Mycoplasma agalactiae (Ma in semen and milk samples from naturally infected goat in the semiarid region from Pernambuco State, Northeast from Brazil. Thirty-nine semen samples and 81 milk samples were submitted to DNA extraction using a commercially available kit and following the manufacturer's instructions. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR was then performed in accordance with protocols described in the literature. The results of the present study revealed the presence of Ma in the DNA of 17.9% (7/39 of the semen samples and 3.7% (3/81 of the milk samples. The results obtained in the present study confirm the elimination of the DNA of Ma in the semen and milk samples. The presence of this agent in goat flocks is considered very risky in terms of reproductive disorders and contagious agalactia outbreaks in the Northeast region of Brazil.

  16. Pitiose em ovinos nos estados de Pernambuco e Bahia Pythiosis in sheep from Pernambuco and Bahia States, Brazil

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    Manuel V. Carrera

    2013-04-01

    wetlands. The disease is characterized mainly by granulomatous lesions in the hosts. The purpose of this study was to report the occurrence of pythiosis in sheep in the states of Pernambuco (PE and Bahia (BA, Northeastern Brazil, as well as to evaluate the efficacy of an immunotherapic against ovine pythiosis. Blood samples were collected from 53 sheep, 49 from flocks in counties located in PE and four from BA. Seven sheep showed clinical signs of ovine pythiosis; one of them was submitted to euthanasia and its head and submandibular lymph node was collected and sent for histopathologic and mycological analyses. Other six sheep were treated with an immunotherapic. During the treatment the animals were kept in the Sheep Industry Sector facilities at Univasf/Petrolina-PE. ELISA, fungal culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR methods were used to confirm the diagnosis of clinical ovine pythiosis in the sheep flock. At microscopic examination of the material collected from the nasal cavity of a sheep euthanized was observed a focally extensive area of necrosis with presence of diffuse infiltration of intact and degenerated neutrophils bordering the cartilage. Only one sheep showed clinical cure, indicating efficiency in the pythiosis treatment of 16.7% (1/6. Ovine pythiosis has been increasing in several municipalities of PE and BA. In this context, the immunotherapy may be an alternative to be searched. Therefore, further studies are needed to investigate the effect of immunotherapy on ovine pythiosis.

  17. BENCHMARKS FOR MILK PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN THE PERNAMBUCO AGRESTE REGION, NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL

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    MARLA CONCEIÇÃO OLIVEIRA

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to identify and assess the technological, zootechnical and socioeconomic profiles and identify and quantify benchmarks for dairy cattle production systems, in a non-experimental approach, aiming to contribute to the sustainability and competitiveness of dairy farming in the Pernambuco Agreste region, northeastern Brazil. Thirty-six milk production systems of family and corporate farming were evaluated during twelve months, in order to identify and quantify the benchmarks. The systems were characterized regarding their size and technological, zootechnical and economic profiles. The correlation coefficients of the return rate on invested capital were assessed and regression equations were developed for each indicator, according to four scenarios of annual return rates (4, 6, 8 and 10%. The indicators evaluated were milk production per dairy cows, milk production per area, average price of milk, effective operational cost, total operating cost, total cost per price of milk and profitability. The dairy farming in the Pernambuco Agreste region pays the production costs, but tends to a not adequate remuneration of family labor and a need of external capital input for replacement of the assets. The productivity of production factors area and animals showed higher correlation with cost-effectiveness, denoting the need for increase the production through increases in land area and milk productivity per dairy cow. The identification and quantification of benchmarks may help to identify the weak points of dairy farming in the Agreste region, making it sustainable and competitive.

  18. Prevalence and pathogenicity of Entamoeba histolytica in three different regions of Pernambuco, Northeast Brazil Prevalência e patogenicidade da Entamoeba histolytica em três regiões diferentes do estado de Pernambuco, Nordeste Brasileiro

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    Ivanize da Silva Aca

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available Parasitological examinations were carried out on 663 individuals of three different cities of Pernambuco State, Northeastern Brazil: Recife, Palmares and Bodocó. The population from a drought area of Pernambuco State, Bodocó, was investigated for amoebiasis and compared with Recife, metropolitan city (about 1.3 million of inhabitants and another inland community, Palmares, located inside of the sugar-cane plantation region of the State. No evidence of invasive strains of E. histolytica were found in these inhabitants, provided that the isolated zymodemes I, III, IV, VIII, IX, X, XVII and XVIII are recognized as nonpathogenic strains of E. histolytica. Furthermore, the prevalence of intestinal helminths and other protozoan infections showed that these individuals are infected by other agents responsible for diarrhoeal diseases.Exames parasitológicos foram realizados em amostras fecais de 663 indivíduos residindo em três cidades do estado de Pernambuco, Nordeste brasileiro: Recife, Palmares e Bodocó. A população de Bodocó, situada na região do semi-árido de Pernambuco, foi investigada para amebíase e comparada com a do Recife, cidade metropolitana com cerca de 1,3 milhões de habitantes, e com outra da zona de plantação de cana-de-açucar do estado, Palmares. Não foi observada evidência da presença de cêpas invasivas de E. histolytica nesses habitantes desde que aquelas isoladas das amostras fecais, com zimodomas dos tipos I, III, IV, VIII, IX, X, XVII e XVIII, são reconhecidas como não patogênicas. Ademais, a prevalência de helmintos intestinais e de infecções por protozoários mostrou que esses indivíduos são infectados por outros agentes responsáveis por quadros diarréicos.

  19. Babesia canis vogeli infection in dogs and ticks in the semiarid region of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Andreina C. Araujo

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:This study aimed to report the prevalence of Babesia canis vogeli in dogs and ticks in the urban and rural areas of Petrolina, Pernambuco. Serum and peripheral blood samples of 404 dogs were tested by indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA and by blood smears, respectively. The presence of tick infestation was evaluated, and some specimens were submitted to DNA amplification by polymerase chain reaction (PCR. The presence of antibodies anti-B. canis vogeli was determinate in 57.9% (234/404 of dogs. The direct detection of Babesia spp was obtained in 0.5% (2/404 dogs by visualization of intraerythrocytic forms. Infestation by Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato was observed in 54.5% (220/404 of dogs in both urban and rural areas. DNA of Babesia canis vogeli were obtained by PCR in 6% individual (3/50 and 8.7% of pool of ticks (7/80. The risk factors for the presence of anti-B. canis vogeli antibodies, as determined through the application of logistic regression models (P<0.05, were the following: medium breed size variables (P<0.001; contact with areas of forest (P=0.021; and access on the street (P=0.046. This study describes, for the first time, the confirmation of infection of B. canis vogeli in dogs and ticks in the semiarid region of Pernambuco, Brazil.

  20. Impacto do uso da água de cisternas na ocorrência de episódios diarréicos na população rural do agreste central de Pernambuco, Brasil The impact of the use of water from water-tanks on the occurrence of diarrhea in the rural population of the Central Agreste region of the Brazilian State of Pernambuco

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    Carlos Feitosa Luna

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: avaliar o impacto do uso da água de cisternas na ocorrência de episódios diarréicos comparando o número e a duração de episódios entre moradores de domicílios com e sem cisternas, numa mesma área geográfica. MÉTODOS: estudo longitudinal prospectivo aninhado a um estudo de corte transversal com dois grupos de comparação (domicílios com e sem cisternas realizado, em 21 municípios do Agreste Central de Pernambuco, em 2007. O período de coleta foi de 60 dias, e incluiu 1765 indivíduos. Para análise descritiva utilizou-se modelos mistos hierárquicos, Mann-Whitney e Kaplan-Meyer com nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: entre os 949 indivíduos com cisternas, obteve-se uma redução no risco de ocorrência de episódios diarréicos de 73% quando comparados aos 816 indivíduos sem cisternas (RR=0,27; pOBJECTIVES: to evaluate the impact of the use of water-tanks on the occurrence of episodes of diarrhea, comparing the number and duration of episodes among the residents of households with and without water-tanks in the same geographical area. METHODS: a longitudinal prospective study, nested in a cross-section study comparing two groups (households with and without water-tanks, was carried out in 21 municipalities in the Central Agreste region of the Brazilian State of Pernambuco, in 2007. Data was gathered over 60 days and included 1,765 individuals. Descriptive analysis was carried out using mixed hierarchical models, Mann-Whitney and Kaplan-Meyer with the level of significance set at 5%. RESULTS: among the 949 individuals with water-tanks, there was a reduction in the risk of the occurrence of episodes of diarrhea of 73% compared with the 816 individuals without water-tanks (RR=0.27; p<0.001. The mean number of episodes registered among residents of households without water-tanks was 0.48 (SC=1.17, compared with 0.08 (SC=0.32 among households with water-tanks (z=-10.26; p<0.001. The mean during of episodes was 1

  1. Zoneamento agroclimático para a cultura do pinhão-manso no estado de Pernambuco Agroclimatic zoning for physic mut crop in the state of Pernambuco

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    José M. C. Possas

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Propõe-se, com o presente trabalho, realizar o zoneamento agroclimático da cultura do pinhão-manso (Jathopra curcas L. no estado de Pernambuco, motivo pelo qual foram utilizados dados climáticos de temperatura do ar média e precipitação pluviométrica de 146 postos meteorológicos, dos quais 73 com série histórica de dados acima de 30 anos e outros 73 com série abaixo de 30 anos porém maior que 20 anos de observações. A escolha do pinhão-manso foi motivada pelo potencial desta cultura como fonte de energia renovável em substituição aos combustíveis fósseis, tanto quanto pela sua rusticidade, tornando-se uma nova opção para regiões de clima semiárido, como ocorre em grande parte da região Nordeste. A seleção da região de estudo está relacionada à variabilidade climática apresentada por esse estado e ao potencial que a referida cultura tem em se desenvolver em regiões nas quais a chuva é escassa. De acordo com o estudo, o Estado de Pernambuco apresenta 14,92% de áreas aptas ao cultivo do pinhão-manso, 44,26% de áreas restritas por deficiência hídrica e 40,82% de áreas inaptas.This study aimed to realize the agroclimatic zoning of Jathopra curcas L. crop in the State of Pernambuco. For this, climatic data of air temperature and mean rainfall of 146 meteorological stations and 73 series with historical data over 30 years and another 73 with less than 30 years but more than 20 years of observations were used. The choice of Jatropha has been motivated by the potential of this crop as a source of renewable energy to replace fossil fuels as well as for its rusticity and a new option for regions of semi-arid climate, as it occurs in the Northeast region. The selection of the study area is related to climate variability in the State and the potential that this crop has in regions where there is low precipitation. According to the study, the State of Pernambuco has 14.92% of areas suitable for production of Jatropha

  2. Pitiose em ovinos nos estados de Pernambuco e Bahia Pythiosis in sheep from Pernambuco and Bahia States, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Carrera,Manuel V.; Peixoto,Rodolfo de M.; Gisele V. Gouveia; Pessoa,Clarice R.M; Jesus,Francielli P.K. de; Janio M. Santurio; Sônia A. Botton; Costa, Mateus M.

    2013-01-01

    A pitiose é uma doença infecciosa causada pelo oomiceto aquático P. insidiosum que acomete animais e o homem, especialmente habitantes de áreas úmidas. A enfermidade apresenta como característica principal a formação de lesões com aspecto granulomatoso nos hospedeiros. Neste trabalho, relatou-se a ocorrência da pitiose em ovinos nos estados de Pernambuco (PE) e Bahia (BA), Nordeste do Brasil, bem como foi avaliada a eficácia de um imunoterápico frente a esta enfermidade. Amostras de sangue de...

  3. Assessment of transplacental transmission of Neospora caninum in dairy cattle in the Agreste region of Pernambuco

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    Inalda Angélica de Souza Ramos

    Full Text Available Abstract The transplacental transmission is the primary route of Neospora caninum infection in bovine herds around the world. This study aimed to determine the frequency of transplacental transmission of the parasite in dairy cattle of Agreste region of Pernambuco through serological tests (IFAT and ELISA. Three hundred sixteen serum samples from cows and heifers and their offspring were analyzed. The transplacental transmission rate was 72.22% (13/18 for cows and 69.23% (9/13 for heifers by IFAT. ELISA test showed transplacental transmission rate of 43.58% (17/39 for cows and 50% (9/18 for heifers. The transplacental transmission rates were similar, in both groups in test, but a higher seropositivity was found in cows by IFAT. Data were statistically analyzed using the chi-square and Fisher’s exact test. A significant relationship of dependence between seropositivity of mothers and their offspring was found. The more frequent IFAT antibody titers and ELISA levels for N. caninum were, respectively, 200 and between four (cows and five (heifers and offspring. In the Spearman correlation, no association was found between the magnitude of antibody titers for N. caninum between mothers and their offspring. The kappa test showed an index of 0.35, indicating a mild correlation between the serological tests used. The study suggests that cows and heifers are the main transmitters of N. caninum in the studied region and that vertical transmission is the major form of transmission in dairy herds of the Agreste region of Pernambuco.

  4. Significância de anticorpos vibriocidas circulantes em área pós-epidêmica de diarréia, São Bento do Una, Estado de Pernambuco The importance of circulating vibriocidal antibodies in a pos-epidemic region of diarrhea, São Bento do Una, State of Pernambuco

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    Lúcia Roberta de Souza Filizola

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Verificou-se o nível de anticorpos vibriocidas em 41 indivíduos adultos, sem história passada ou presente de diarréia por Vibrio cholerae O1, residentes no município de São Bento do Una, Pernambuco. Nessa localidade ocorreu no início de 2004 um surto de diarréia, com múltiplos agentes bacterianos envolvidos, incluindo o vibrião colérico. Foi empregado o teste da microtitulação de anticorpos séricos vibriocidas, anti-Ogawa e anti-Inaba, considerando-se como indicativo de infecção por Vibrio cholerae O1, os títulos vibriocidas > 1:640. A freqüência dos reagentes foi de 36 (87,8% para o sorovar Ogawa, o que evidencia a possível circulação do vibrião colérico, durante e/ou após a epidemia de diarréia.The levels of vibriocidal antibodies were investigated among 41 adults without any past or present history of diarrhea due to Vibrio cholerae O1 who were living in the municipality of São Bento do Una, Pernambuco. A diarrhea outbreak occurred in this locality at the beginning of 2004, involving multiple bacterial agents, including Vibrio cholerae. The microtitration test was used to investigate the presence of anti-Ogawa and anti-Inaba vibriocidal serum antibodies. Vibriocidal titers e" 1:640 were considered indicative of infection by Vibrio cholerae O1. The frequency of the reagents was 36 (87.8% for the Ogawa serovar, which showed that Vibrio cholerae O1 was possibly circulating during and/or after the diarrhea epidemic.

  5. Detection of antibodies against Leishmania infantum in cats (Felis catus) from the State of Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Rita de Cássia Nascimento; Ramos, Rafael Antonio Nascimento; Pimentel, Danillo de Souza; Oliveira, Gênova Maria de Azevedo; Carvalho, Gílcia Aparecida de; Santana, Marília de Andrade; Faustino, Maria Aparecida da Glória; Alves, Leucio Câmara

    2014-01-01

    Little information is available concerning infection by Leishmania infantum in cats. Therefore, the aim of this study was to perform a serological study in domestic cats. Serum samples (n=153) obtained from animals living in the Cities of Recife and Petrolina, State of Pernambuco, Brazil, were tested by ELISA/S7® (Biogene). Anti-L. infantum antibodies were detected in 3.9% (6/153) of the cats. All seroreagent animals were from Petrolina. These results serve as an important alert, and future studies are needed to better understand the possible role of cats in the epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in this area.

  6. Recovery of Mollicutes from the reproductive tract of dairy cattle in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Sandra B. Santos

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The aim of the present study was to report the occurrence of members of the Mollicutesclass in the reproductive system of dairy cattle in Brazil. Five farms containing dairy cattle were visited in January of 2012. In total, 100 cows of different ages, breeds and stages of lactation were examined in the present study. The cows were part of intensive or semi-intensive management systems and were submitted to mechanical milking or hand milking. The samples were collected after washing the vulvar region with water and soap, and then drying it with paper towels and disinfecting the area with alcohol (70°GL. Vaginal mucous was collected using a sterile alginate cotton swab, which was rubbed on the vagina, as well as the lateral and internal walls. Vulvovaginal mucous samples were cultured in both liquid and solid modified Hayflick´s medium, for mycoplasmas, and UB medium, for ureaplasmas. The PCR assays for Mollicutesand Ureaplasmaspp. were performed according to the standard protocols described in the current literature. During isolation, the frequency of Mycoplasmaspp. was of 13.0% (13/100 and for Ureaplasmaspp. was of 6.0% (6/100. In the PCR assays the frequency of Mollicuteswas of 26.0% (26/100 and for Ureaplasmaspp. was of 13.0% (13/100 in the dairy cattle studied. This is the first report of these agents in reproductive system of bovine of the Pernambuco state. Further studies are necessary to determine the pathogenic potential and species of these field isolates.

  7. Consumo alimentar de macro e micronutrientes de crianças menores de cinco anos no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil Dietary intake of macro and micronutrients by children under five years of age in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Cristianne Martins Ferreira Fidelis

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: analisar o consumo alimentar de macro e micronutrientes, com base na Dietary Reference Intakes, das crianças menores de cinco anos do Estado de Pernambuco, considerando três áreas geográficas: Região Metropolitana do Recife, Interior Urbano e Interior Rural. MÉTODOS: a amostra constitui-se de 948 crianças menores de cinco anos de idade, com representatividade para o Estado de Pernambuco e suas três áreas geográficas. O consumo alimentar foi registrado mediante o recordatório de 24 horas e foram analisadas as medianas e prevalências de inadequação dos macro e micronutrientes de acordo com as Dietary Reference Intakes. RESULTADOS: o déficit de energia e micronutrientes mostrou-se prevalente nas crianças, em todas as faixas etárias e áreas geográficas; entretanto, o consumo de proteínas apresentou-se acima dos valores de referência. A prevalência de inadequação dos micronutrientes foi elevada, principalmente de ferro e zinco, nas crianças acima de 12 meses de idade. Os resultados no Interior Rural foram os mais baixos para todos os nutrientes analisados. CONCLUSÕES: o consumo alimentar das crianças do Estado de Pernambuco demonstrou déficit de energia, de macro e micronutrientes. Espera-se que estes resultados possam servir como subsídios para implementação de políticas de nutrição e alimentação no Estado, visando prevenir os principais distúrbios nutricionais em menores de cinco anos.OBJECTIVE: to analyze the food consumption of macro and micronutrients by children under fiver years old in the State of Pernambuco based on the Dietary Reference Intakes, in three geographic areas: Metropolitan Region of Recife, Urban Interior and Rural Interior. METHODS: the sample consisted of 948 children under five years old and was representative for the State of Pernambuco and its three geographic areas. The 24-hour recall method was used to register food consumption. The median and the prevalence of both macro and

  8. Distribution of {sup 137}Cs in three representative soils of Pernambuco state, Brazil;Distribuicao de {sup 137}Cs em tres solos representativos do estado de Pernambuco

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Antunes, Patrik Diogo, E-mail: pdantunes@yahoo.com.b [Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Ciencias do Solo; Sampaio, Everardo Valadares de Sa Barretto; Ferreira Junior, Antonio Luiz Goncalves; Salcedo, Ignacio Hernan, E-mail: esampaio@ufpe.b, E-mail: antonio.ferreira@ariano.nlink.com.b, E-mail: salcedo@ufpe.b [Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Energia Nuclear; Galindo, Izabel Cristina Luna, E-mail: iclgalindo@uol.com.b [Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Agronomia

    2010-05-15

    Contents of {sup 137}Cs have been used to quantify soil loss or accumulations, based on values of reference sites with little soil disturbance in the last decades. In Northeastern Brazil no such sites have been evaluated yet. Three areas with flat topography, native vegetation and undisturbed soil were selected in of Goiania, Araripina and Sertania counties, state of Pernambuco. Four points in each area were marked at a distance of 20 to 50 m away from each other and soil samples were collected in 3 cm depth intervals, down to 30 cm. The {sup 137}Cs activities were determined using gamma spectrometry with a hyper pure germanium detector. Average contents of {sup 137}Cs (Bq m{sup -2}) were 71.6 +- 6.3 in Goiania, 64.0 +- 13.8 in Araripina and 95.5 +- 9.8 in Sertania. Values in this range have been reported in Paraiba and Bahia, and higher ones in the Southeastern region, confirming the reduction of stocks in areas closer to the equator. The highest activities occurred in the surface layers, ranging from 0.5 to 1.6 Bq kg{sup -1}, and decreased linearly with depth until the detection limits: 18 cm in Araripina, 15 cm in Goiania, and 9 cm in Sertania. In Goiania, the activity was highest (2.06 +- 1.0 Bq kg{sup -1}) in an organic horizon above a inorganic horizon. The high activities and stock and lower depth in Sertania could be explained by the predominance of 2:1 clay minerals versus 1:1 clay minerals in the other areas. {sup 137}Cs activities were positively correlated with water and KCl pH values and negatively correlated with Al concentrations. The results confirm that, in the reference areas, {sup 137}Cs activities are highest in the surface layers, decreasing regularly down the soil profile. (author)

  9. Epidemiological survey of breast and cervical radiotherapy patients in 2008-2010 from the state of Pernambuco, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Mariana L.O.; Cantinha, Rebeca S.; Franca, Elvis J., E-mail: ejfranca@yahoo.com.br, E-mail: marianasantos_ufpe@hotmail.com, E-mail: rebecanuclear@gmail.com [Centro Regional de Ciencias Nucleares do Nordeste (CRCN-NE/CNEN-PE), Recife, PE (Brazil); Oliveira Neto, Aristides M.; Melo, Jonathan A., E-mail: aristidesoliveira466@hotmail.com, E-mail: jonathan@truenet.com.br [Centro de Radioterapia de Pernambuco (CERAPE), Santo Amaro, PE (Brazil); Pessoa, Juanna G.; Melo, Ana M.M.A.; Amancio, Francisco F., E-mail: amdemelo@hotmail.com, E-mail: amanciobike@gmail.com, E-mail: juannapessoa@gmail.com, E-mail: marianasantos_ufpe@hotmail.com [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Departamento de Biofisica e Radiobiologia

    2014-07-01

    Breast and cervical cancer are, respectively, the second and the third most common cancers that affect the female population. The State of Pernambuco, Brazil, is one of the highest occurrence of both cancers. Radiotherapy is a powerful alternative usually associated to surgery and chemotherapy for cancer treatment. The knowledge of the disease characteristics, as well as the patient profile, contributes for public policy delineation for prevention, treatment and control of breast and cervical cancers. This work investigated the characteristics concerning patients affected by these diseases, also analyzing intrinsic aspects of the tumor. In the period of the years of 2008, 2009 and 2010, age and region of origin of patients treated by radiotherapy were compiled based on medical records available at the Center of Radiotherapy of Pernambuco (CERAPE), which is the reference center for radiotherapy in Pernambuco. Moreover, the staging of the tumor were evaluated. Results showed that 317 patients were treated in this period for breast cancer, and, in 2010, the highest number of registered cases was observed with 162 diagnosed patients for breast cancer. In the total evaluated period, 306 cases were reported for cervix cancer, however, almost 40% (118 patients) occurred only in 2010. Breast cancer has affected individuals of 50-55 years old, while those from 40 to 60 years old were mostly affected by cervix cancer. There was the highest prevalence of patients originated from the Metropolitan Region of Recife - MRR for both cancers. Stage III was predominated in cervix cancer, while stage II for breast cancer. Although most of patients have been from MRR, this region might not be the most affected by breast and cervix cancer, considering the lack of information on the interior population especially concerning to radiotherapy. It seems that the number of women with breast and cervical cancer has increased in recent years. Considering the risk factors such as physical

  10. Birds of Pernambuco: Current state of ornithological knowledge

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    Gilmar Beserra de Farias

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available An analysis of the present state of ornithological knowledge is required for the guidance of researchers in their future investigations. This work provides a survey of literature describing the development of ornithological research in the state. Between 1880 and 2008, many lists were organized, which contributed towards the systematization of the knowledge about Pernambuco’s birds. Out if the 535 species recorded, 49 are found in marine environments or wetlands, 450 occur in the Atlantic Rainforest, and 270 reside in the semi-arid Caatinga. We suggest that studies on the birds of the Caatinga are most important and should be prioritized at present, in addition to effective actions for the conservation of endemic species and of species under risk of extinction.

  11. DIAGNOSIS OF SHRIMP TRAWLING IN THE STATE OF PERNAMBUCO, BRAZIL

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    Carlos Eduardo Rangel Andrade

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available With a technical approach, this diagnosis aims to fill a gap in the overview of the activity, considering its technical aspects that manage the fishing effort of shrimping of Penambuco. From October 2013 to August 2014, the fishing grounds were identified used in this activity, as well as the fishing method, the number of boats and fishermen acting, type of boat and gears used. Analyses were performed with the major communities operating in this fishery (Recife, Jaboatão dos Guararapes, Barra de Sirinhaém and São Jose da Coroa Grande. The analyzes of the catch were tested using one-way ANOVA (α 5%. They observed two traditional types: the beach seining and trawing. It was cataloged about 50 vessels in the activity, with approximately 100 fishermen. They are caught mainly three types of shrimp: pink (Farfantepenaeus spp., Seabob (Xiphopenaeus kroyeri and white (Lithopenaeus schmitii. Statistical data concentrated in the metropolitan area of Recife and Barra de Sirinhaém. There seems to be a direct relationship rainfall with shrimp production because with increased rainfall, there is a higher volume of landing fishery. Barra de Sirinhaém is the main area used in the State. Keywords: ‘mangote’; trawling fishing; pink shrimp; Farfantepenaeus spp.

  12. VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS IN PETROLINA, STATE OF PERNAMBUCO, BRAZIL, 2007-2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araujo, Andreina de Carvalho; Gonçalves, Nara Nagle Vieira Matos; Dantas-Torres, Filipe; Ferreira, Fernando; Horta, Mauricio Claudio

    2016-01-01

    Visceral leishmaniasis is a life-threatening disease of great public health relevance in Brazil. The municipality of Petrolina is an endemic area in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. This study was designed to assess the recent expansion of VL in the municipality of Petrolina, Pernambuco. Patients data were obtained from the Brazilian National Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN). A total of 111 records from 2007 to 2013 were investigated, of which 69 were residents in Petrolina. The disease has predominantly affected 1-4 year old children (34.8%). Most of the patients were males (59.4%). Co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus occurred in 14.5% of the cases. The criterion most frequently used was the clinical and epidemiological confirmation (59.4%), with clinical cure in 78.3% of cases and one fatal outcome. Visceral leishmaniasis is endemic in Petrolina with transmission levels varying from moderate to high. The present study has shown the precariousness of the use of diagnostic tests in primary healthcare units, and this misuse has interfered with the diagnosis and treatment of cases.

  13. Pathogenicity for onion and genetic diversity of isolates of the pathogenic fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Phyllachoraceae) from the State of Pernambuco, Brazil.

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    Nova, M X Vila; Borges, L R; de Sousa, A C B; Brasileiro, B T R V; Lima, E A L A; da Costa, A F; de Oliveira, N T

    2011-02-22

    Onion anthracnose, caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, is one of the main diseases of onions in the State of Pernambuco. We examined the pathogenicity of 15 C. gloeosporioides strains and analyzed their genetic variability using RAPDs and internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of the rDNA region. Ten of the strains were obtained from substrates and hosts other than onion, including chayote (Sechium edule), guava (Psidium guajava), pomegranate (Punica granatum), water from the Capibaribe River, maracock (Passiflora sp), coconut (Cocus nucifera), surinam cherry (Eugenia uniflora), and marine soil; five isolates came from onions collected from four different regions of the State of Pernambuco and one region of the State of Amazonas. Pathogenicity tests were carried out using onion leaves and bulbs. All strains were capable of causing disease in leaves, causing a variable degree of lesions on the leaves; four strains caused the most severe damage. In the onion bulb tests, only three of the above strains caused lesions. Seven primers of arbitrary sequences were used in the RAPD analysis, generating polymorphic bands that allowed the separation of the strains into three distinct groups. The amplification products generated with the primers ITS1 and ITS4 also showed polymorphism when digested with three restriction enzymes, DraI, HaeIII and MspI. Only the latter two demonstrated genetic variations among the strains. These two types of molecular markers were able to differentiate the strain from the State of Amazonas from those of the State of Pernambuco. However, there was no relationship between groups of strains, based on molecular markers, and degree of pathogenicity for onion leaves and bulbs.

  14. Detection of antibodies against Leishmania infantum in cats (Felis catus from the State of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Rita de Cássia Nascimento Silva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Little information is available concerning infection by Leishmania infantum in cats. Therefore, the aim of this study was to perform a serological study in domestic cats. Methods: Serum samples (n=153 obtained from animals living in the Cities of Recife and Petrolina, State of Pernambuco, Brazil, were tested by ELISA/S7® (Biogene. Results: Anti-L. infantum antibodies were detected in 3.9% (6/153 of the cats. All seroreagent animals were from Petrolina. Conclusions: These results serve as an important alert, and future studies are needed to better understand the possible role of cats in the epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis (VL in this area.

  15. [Years of potential life lost by female homicide victims in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil].

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    Silva, Leonildo Severino da; Menezes, Maria Lúcia Neto de; Lopes, Cyntia Lins de Almeida; Corrêa, Maria Suely Medeiros

    2011-09-01

    This cross-sectional epidemiological study aimed to calculate the potential years of life lost by female homicide victims in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, in 2003-2007. A database was used from the Operational Division for Information on Births and Deaths under the Recife Municipal Health Department. All death certificates for childbearing-age women were reviewed for the five-year period. The results showed a total of 12,120 potential years of life lost by these women, mostly young, black (88%), with unknown levels of schooling (78.2%), single (80%), in District III of the city, and murdered with firearms in their own homes. The specific mortality rate was 10.8 homicides per 100,000 childbearing-age women. The 43.3 years of life lost per woman express the city's characteristics, poverty levels, unemployment, population density, residential instability, and social inequality, exposing residents to social strife, crime, and violence.

  16. [Female homicide victims in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, 2009-2010: a descriptive study].

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    Silva, Maria Arleide da; Cabral Filho, José Eulálio; Amorim, Melania Maria Ramos; Falbo Neto, Gilliatt Hanois

    2013-02-01

    This study investigated the epidemiological profile of female homicide victims in Recife, Pernambuco State, Northeast Brazil. An observational descriptive and prospective study included all homicides from March 2009 to February 2010 with female victims from Recife, 10 to 49 years of age. A questionnaire was used to record socioeconomic, demographic, and biological risk factors. Relatives of the victims were interviewed, and data were collected from death certificates. We identified 60 homicides during the study period. Most victims were adult women with brown skin color and low schooling and low income. Other characteristics included smoking in 39.7%, alcohol and illicit drugs in 48.3% and 24.1%, respectively, and physical and/or sexual violence in the 12 months prior to the murder in 29.3%. Firearms were used in 69% of these homicides.

  17. Etnobotânica nordestina: estudo comparativo da relação entre comunidades e vegetação na Zona do Litoral - Mata do Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil Northeast Ethnobotany: links between communities and vegetation of the Coast Zone of the Mata Region in Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Alberto Jorge da Rocha Silva

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho visa determinar as relações entre comunidades e vegetação na Zona da Mata de Pernambuco. A comunidade da Usina São José (Igarassu - Ig é formada por vilas rurais, vizinhas da Reserva Ecológica da Mata da Usina São José. Jaguarana (Paulista-Pa é uma comunidade urbana, próxima à Reserva Ecológica da Mata de Jaguarana. Levantou-se as plantas úteis para estas comunidades por meio de 38 entrevistas não-estruturadas, enquadrando-as nas categorias de uso alimentação, comércio, construção, mágico, medicinal, tecnológico e outros. Foram registradas 334 espécies, nativas e cultivadas. Comparou-se as comunidades, através do Quociente de Similaridade de Sørensen (Qs, obtendo-se maiores índices para plantas alimentícias (QsIgPa= 0,71, predominantemente cultivadas, e medicinais (QsIgPa= 0,56, 45,1% delas nativas, predominantemente herbáceas. A vegetação nativa constitui uma fonte importante de recursos medicinais mas é subutilizada como fonte de alimento e tem pouca relevância na visão cosmológica das comunidades. Os vegetais não têm relevância na atividade de comércio, servindo como complemento de renda para as famílias (QsIgPa= 0,30. Na categoria construção enquadram-se, majoritariamente, espécies nativas (87,8% e arbóreas (92,7%. Em tecnologia têm maior representatividade espécies nativas (85,7% e arbóreo/arbustivas (84,1%. As comunidades utilizam diferentes fontes vegetais para as categorias construção, mágica, tecnologia e outros, decorrentes tanto das principais atividades que nelas exercem seus moradores, como dos recursos naturais à sua disposição.The objective of this work is to determine the social behaviour concerning the consumption of vegetal species by local communities. The involved localities are: the Usina São José (Igarassu - Ig, which involves rural communities in the surroundings of the Ecological Reserve of the Usina São José and the Jaguarana (Paulista - PE, an urban

  18. Intake of uranium and radium-226 due to food crops consumption in the phosphate region of Pernambuco - Brazil

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    Santos Amaral, Romilton dos [Grupo de Estudos em Radioprotecao e Radioecologia - GERAR, Departamento de Energia Nuclear, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av. Prof. Luiz Freire, 1000, CEP 50740-540, Recife-PE (Brazil)]. E-mail: romilton@ufpe.br; Vasconcelos, Wagner Eustaquio de [Departamento de Engenharia Nuclear, Instituto Militar de Engenharia, Praca General Tiburcio 80, Praia Vermelha, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, CEP 22290-270 (Brazil); Borges, Edvane [Grupo de Fisica do Solo, Departamento de Energia Nuclear, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av. Prof. Luiz Freire, 1000, CEP 50740-540, Recife-PE (Brazil); Silveira, Sueldo Vita [Grupo de Estudos em Radioprotecao e Radioecologia - GERAR, Departamento de Energia Nuclear, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av. Prof. Luiz Freire, 1000, CEP 50740-540, Recife-PE (Brazil); Mazzilli, Barbara Paci [Departamento de Radioprotecao Ambiental, Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares, Caixa Postal 11049, CEP 05422-970, Sao Paulo-SP (Brazil)

    2005-07-01

    The phosphate region located in the Northeast of Brazil covers an area of approximately 150 km long with an average width of 4 km, along the coast of the states of Pernambuco and Paraiba. The inhabitants of this area are exposed to natural radioactivity levels higher than the background values recorded in the literature, mainly due to the presence of uranium and its decay products in the phosphatic sediments. The main aim of this study was to determine the activity concentration of uranium and {sup 226}Ra in foodstuffs cultivated in this area, where the phosphate mineral has been extracted. The activity concentrations found for uranium and {sup 226}Ra in the foodstuffs analyzed varied from 13 to 186 mBq kg{sup -1} (wet weight), with a mean value of 46 mBq kg{sup -1} and from 43 to 2209 mBq kg{sup -1} (wet weight), with a mean value of 358 mBq kg{sup -1}, respectively. The annual intake of these radionuclides, for rural residents, was 7.45 Bq for uranium and 69.3 Bq for {sup 226}Ra.

  19. Sparrows (Passer domesticus L. as intermediary hosts of Toxoplasma gondii in poultry farms from the "agreste" region of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Sineide M.O. Vilela

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper aimed to identify Toxoplasma gondii infection in house sparrows (Passer domesticus, Linneaus 1758 coming from poultry farms in the "agreste" region of the Brazilian state of Pernambuco. 151 sparrows (Passer domesticus captured in eight broiler, egg layer and commercial laying poultry farms, were used. Indirect hemagglutination test was used to research anti-T. gondii antibodies. Animals that presented titration of 1:16 were destined to DNA research through Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR technique, followed by Nested-PCR. It was observed that, from 151 analyzed samples. 91 (60.3% were reagents and 60 (39.7% were not reagents. It was verified, through analysis of the distribution of infected animals frequency per farm, that in only one farm (12.5% no animal reagent to T. gondii was captured. It was also observed that three (30.00% of the ten samples destined to DNA research for T. gondii were positive to PCR and four (40.00% were positive to Nested-PCR. Anti-T gondii antibodies occurrence and the molecular identification of the agent confirmed natural T. gondii infection in sparrows from poultry farms in Brazil. Other studies must be carried out to highlight the real importance of these animals in the epidemiological chain and their efficiency in the transmission of the parasite to felines. Therefore, researches that use parasite isolation and molecular techniques to determine genomic profile of the agent present in these poultry farms are needed.

  20. Diagnosis of the operation state of photovoltaic water pumping systems installed in Pernambuco state, Brazil; Diagnostico do estado de funcionamento de sistemas de bombeamento de agua fotovoltaico (SBFV) instalados em Pernambuco

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costa, Heitor Scalambrini [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Nucleo de Apoio a Projetos de Energias Renovaveis], Email: hscosta@ufpe.br

    2006-07-01

    The major projects concerning the dissemination of the use of photovoltaic solar energy (PVSE) in Brazil are located in the Northeast region. Particularly, the state of Pernambuco has the largest number of installations and the largest installed power of autonomous systems. There exist approximately 700 residencies, 250 schools and 150 water pumping systems among other applications using PVSE, totaling 250 k Wp installed in more than 80 cities of that State. This work analyses a diagnosis report on the state of functioning of 64 one-year-old water-pumping installations in 30 m to 60 m depth wells, driven by 300 to 1,600 Wp photovoltaic generators, the flows varying from 200 l/h to 6,000 l/h. Technical and non-technical problems were identified, ranging from improper location choice, wrong system dimensioning, inadequate photovoltaic generator installations, lack of user instruction and training, lack of responsibility definitions regarding the technical assistance and the needed follow-up. In the final part of this report proposals are enumerated concerning the establishment of a local and municipal organizing structure aiming the management of the water-pumping installations and the assurance of a larger success probability in the use of that technology. (author)

  1. Anemia no binômio mãe-filho no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil Mother-child anemia in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Teresa Cristina Miglioli

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Analisaram-se prevalência e fatores associados à anemia em mães (n = 1.022 e seus filhos (n = 1.242 menores de 5 anos em Pernambuco, Brasil, 2006. Estudo transversal, populacional, com amostra probabilística representativa do meio urbano e rural. Diagnóstico de anemia determinado pelo nível de hemoglobina Prevalence of anemia and associated factors were analyzed in mothers (n = 1,022 and their children under 5 years of age (n = 1,242 in Pernambuco State, Brazil, 2006. This was a cross-sectional population-based study with a probabilistic sample in an urban and rural area. Anemia was diagnosed by hemoglobin level (children < 11.0g/dL, women < 12.0g/dL using HemoCue. Univariate and multivariate analyses used Poisson regression with robust adjustment of standard error, adopting a hierarchical model for determination in children with anemia as the outcome. This same procedure was not applied to mothers because of the small number of associated factors in the univariate analyses. Anemia prevalence was 16.4% in mothers and 34.4% in children. Anemic as compared to non-anemic mothers showed a prevalence ratio of 1.44 (95%CI: 1.21-1.72 for anemia in their children, maintaining similar values in the adjusted model (PR = 1.39: 95%CI: 1.16-1.66. Anemia prevalence in children was double that of mothers, with the final model showing only one common factor: per capita family income.

  2. Arbuscular mycorrhiza in species of Commelinidae (Liliopsida in the state of Pernambuco (Brazil Micorrizas arbusculares em espécies de Commelinidae (Liliopsida no Estado de Pernambuco (Brasil

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    Gladstone Alves da Silva

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Mycorrhiza are a mutualistic symbiosis between fungi and plant roots, the main benefit to the plant being increased nutrient uptake. The arbuscular is the most important kind of mycorrhiza for agriculture and it is widespread in occurrence and distribution in most ecosystems. The aim of this work was to study the mycorrhizal status of the species of Commelinidae that occur in the State of Pernambuco. Plant roots, collected in ten municipalities, were washed, cleared in KOH, stained with Trypan blue in lactoglycerol and observed under a light microscope in order to assess presence and identification of the mycorrhizal type. Percentage of root colonization was evaluated by the gridline intersect method. Forty specimens representing 30 species were observed. From these specimens, 70% were colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF. In one family (Typhaceae, mycorrhizal structures were not observed, in two of them (Eriocaulaceae and Juncaceae all specimens showed the association, and three families (Commelinaceae, Cyperaceae and Poaceae presented specimens with or without AMF. In some of the roots, other fungi were observed together with the AMF. The results indicate that AMF are widely distributed among species of Commelinidae in Pernambuco, being probably important for their establishment in the areas visited.Micorrizas são associações simbióticas mutualísticas formadas entre fungos e raízes de plantas, sendo o principal benefício para a planta o aumento do aporte de nutrientes. Agronomicamente, a micorriza arbuscular (MA é o tipo mais importante de micorrizas e apresenta-se distribuído na maioria dos ecossistemas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a condição micorrízica de espécies de Commelinidae que ocorrem no Estado de Pernambuco. Raízes dessas plantas, coletadas em 10 municípios, foram lavadas, clareadas em KOH, coradas com azul de Tripano em lactoglicerol e observadas em microscópio para determinação da presença e

  3. Quality of raw milk produced in agreste region of Pernambuco, Brazil / Qualidade do leite cru produzido na região do agreste de Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Márcia de Aguiar Ferreira Barros

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The poor quality of raw milk is the main problem in dairy industries, once it can directly interfere in the productivity and quality of dairy products. The Pernambuco is not different. located between the Zona da Mata and the Sertão regions, is responsible for a daily milk production of 980,000 liters, and presented an increase of 23% in the last two years. This study aimed the evaluation of the microbiological and physical-chemical quality of raw milk produced in the Agreste region of Pernambuco. Raw milk samples were collected from 53 dairy farms located at the following cities: Saloá, Águas Belas, São Bento do Una and Bom Conselho. For microbiological analysis, all samples were plated for mesophilic aerobes, total coliforms, Escherichia coli and DNase positive staphylococci in specific Petrifilm™ (3M Microbiology, St. Paul, USA. Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella spp. were detected using VIDAS system (bioMérieux SA, Marcy l'Etoile, France. Organophosphorade and carbamates were detected by thin layer chromatography. Fat, protein, and lactose contents, total and non-fat solids, and density were obtained by ultrasound method using am automatic milk analyzer (Boecolac-60, Boeco, Hamburg, Germany. In addition, the raw milk samples were evaluated to cryoscopic, California Mastitis Test (CMT, peroxidase, Dornic acidity and Ring-test to brucellosis status of herds. In microbiological analysis, all samples presented high counts of the researched indicators microorganisms. The average of mesophilic aerobes was 1.68 X 107 with 83% of samples over 106. Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella spp were not found, 47% of the samples were positive for organophosphates and/or carbamates, 67.9% of the samples were positive for CMT and 26.4% for ring test. Thus, only 2 (3.77% samples were accordance with the established parameters of Instrução Normativa 51.,P.A qualidade do leite é um dos maiores problemas da cadeia do leite no Brasil, interferindo

  4. Taxonomia e distribuição do gênero Caulerpa Lamouroux (Bryopsidales - Chlorophyta na costa de Pernambuco e Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, Brasil Taxonomy and distribution of the genus Caulerpa Lamouroux (Bryopsidales - Chlorophyta on the coast of Pernambuco State and Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Brazil

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    Suellen Brayner

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho identifica e fornece a distribuição do gênero Caulerpa na costa de Pernambuco (07º30' S e 09º00' W e no Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha (03º51' S e 32º25' W. As coletas foram realizadas em 32 praias da costa de Pernambuco no período entre abril/2004 a novembro/2005, na região entre-marés. Em Fernando de Noronha as coletas foram feitas em junho/2006, na região entre marés e no infralitoral (10, 15 e 21 m de profundidade, em oito praias. Foram, também, analisadas as exsicatas de Caulerpa depositadas no Herbário Professor Vasconcelos Sobrinho (PEUFR da Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco. Os resultados mostram que o gênero Caulerpa está representado na costa de Pernambuco, por 19 táxons infragenéricos. Algumas espécies apresentaram distribuição restrita como C. kempfii Joly & Pereira, C. lanuginosa J. Agardh e C. serrulata (Forssk. J. Agardh. Para o Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha foram registrados três táxons infragenéricos.This paper analyzes the taxonomy and distribution of the genus Caulerpa on the coast of Pernambuco (07º30'S; 09º00'W and in the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago (03º51'S; 32º25'W. Sampling was carried out on the coast of Pernambuco from April/2004 to November/2005, in the intertidal zone of 32 beaches. On Fernando de Noronha collections were made in June/2006 in the intertidal and infralittoral (10, 15 and 21m depth regions of eight beaches. Exsiccata of Caulerpa from the Professor Vasconcelos Sobrinho Herbarium (PEUFR were also examined. The results showed that the genus Caulerpa is represented on the coast of Pernambuco state by 19 infrageneric taxa. Some species had restricted distributions such as C. kempfii Joly & Pereira, C. lanuginosa J. Agardh and C. serrulata (Forssk. J. Agardh. Three infrageneric taxa were registered for the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago.

  5. U/Pb geochronology and paleo and proterozoic orthogneisses geochemistry from the Taquaritinga region - Pernambuco State, Brazil; Geocronologia U/Pb e geoquimica de ortognaisses paleo e mesoproterozoicos da regiao de Taquaritinga, PE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sa, Jaziel Martins [Rio Grande do Norte Univ., Natal, RN (Brazil). Dept. de Geologia; Bertrand, Jean Michel [Savoie Univ., 73 - Chambery (France). Lab. de Geodynamique; Leterrier, Jacques [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), 54 - Nancy (France). Centre de Recherches Petrographiques et Geochimiques

    1997-12-31

    The Taquaritinga region is located at the Borborema Province Transversal Zone, northeastern part of Brazil, and not existing geochronological data in this region, this study intended to furnish some information for a geotectonics evolution knowledge. It presents the geological characteristics of this region, describes the various kinds of chemical analysis realized in the gneisses, involving major, minor and rare earth elements, and shows the geochronological data that suggests the orthogneisse age and the epoch of this geotectonic event 8 refs., 2 figs.

  6. Parasitismo em humano por Amblyomma sp (Acari: Ixodidae, na cidade de Recife, estado de Pernambuco Parasitism by Amblyomma sp (Acari: Ixodidae in humans in the city of Recife, state of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Rafael Antonio do Nascimento Ramos

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Os ixodídeos pertencentes ao gênero Amblyomma são encontrados no Brasil, sendo de grande importância em Saúde Pública por representarem risco na transmissão de patógenos. MÉTODOS: Este trabalho relata um caso de parasitismo em humano por Amblyomma sp, ocorrido na Cidade de Recife, Pernambuco. RESULTADOS: O parasitismo foi observado em uma senhora onde os ectoparasitos encontravam-se fixados em suas pernas e pés. CONCLUSÕES: Este tipo de achado é incomum e constitui o primeiro relato do parasitismo em humano por Amblyomma sp, no Estado de Pernambuco.INTRODUCTION: The Amblyomma genus is widely distribution in Brazil and is important regarding the public health risk represented by the transmission of pathogens. METHODS: This paper reports a case of parasitism in humans by Amblyomma sp that occurred in the City of Recife, State of Pernambuco. RESULTS: Parasitism was observed in a woman where the ticks were attached to her legs and feet. CONCLUSIONS: This finding is unusual and is the first report of parasitism in humans by Amblyomma sp in State of Pernambuco.

  7. Structure of the phytoplankton in a water supply system in the State of Pernambuco - Brazil

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    Ariadne do Nascimento Moura

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to study the phytoplankton community composition at limnetic environment in Pernambuco, Brazil. Samplings were carried out from April/2001 to March/2002. Samples to analyses the biotic variables were taken using a recipient with a large overture, at the subsurface and with a Van Dorn bottle at the bottom. The rainfall data were recorded and the water transparency was used to calculate the light attenuation coefficient, photic zone and the determination of trophic state index. The concentrations of total phosphorus and total nitrogen were determined in a typical dry and rainy month. Equitability, also the, similarity and diversity indexes and the densities and correlation of total densities among depths were calculated. Forty-five taxa were identified in Chlorophyta (21spp, Cyanophyta (17spp and Bacillariophyta (7spp, while flagellates were quantified in groups without identification. Cyanophyta presented highest diversity at both the depths and Planktothrix agardhii was the highest density species. Significant differences were not observed between subsurface and bottom densities. Results showed that the reservoir was eutrophicated and presented high densities of Cyanophyta.O objetivo deste trabalho foi o estudo da comunidade fitoplanctônica em ambiente limnético de Pernambuco, Brasil. As amostras foram coletadas de abril/2001 a março/2002. As amostras para análises abióticas foram coletadas na superfície da água e destinadas às análises bióticas foram coletadas na subsuperfície e no fundo, sendo fixadas com solução de lugol e quantificadas usando microscópio invertido. Equitatividade, índices de similaridade e diversidade foram calculados, bem como correlação entre as profundidades. 45 táxons foram identificados, pertencentes as Chlorophyta (21spp, Cyanophyta (17spp e Bacillariophyta (7spp. Os flagelados foram apenas quantificados, mas não foram identificados. Cyanophyta apresentou a mais alta

  8. Land Use Intensification Effects in Soil Arthropod Community of an Entisol in Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    G. M. Siqueira

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The interactions between soil invertebrates and land use and management are fundamental for soil quality assessment but remain largely unaddressed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in soil arthropod community of an entisol brought about by different land use systems under semiarid climate in Pernambuco State, Brazil. The soil invertebrate community was sampled using pitfall traps from areas with eight vegetation types by the end of the austral winter. The land uses studied were native thorn forest plus seven agricultural fields planted with elephant grass, apple guava, passion fruit, carrot, maize, tomato, and green pepper. Native vegetation was considered as a reference, whereas the agricultural fields showed a range of soil use intensities. The abundance of organisms, the total and average richness, Shannon’s diversity index, and the Pielou uniformity index were determined, and all of these were affected by several crop and soil management practices such as residue cover, weed control, and pesticide application. Our study found differences in community assemblages and composition under different land use systems, but no single taxa could be used as indicator of soil use intensity.

  9. Characterization and classification of two soils derived from basic rocks in Pernambuco State Coast, Northeast Brazil

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    Oliveira Lindomário Barros de

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Geomorphic surfaces that present soils derived from basic rocks under warm and humid climate are unique scenarios for studying tropical soils. This paper aimed to characterize and classify two pedons derived from basalt at the Atlantic Forest Zone, Pernambuco State, Northeastern coast of Brazil. Two representative pedons (P1 and P2 were selected on a hillslope at the Cabo de Santo Agostinho municipality. Field macromorphological descriptions were carried out and soil horizon were sampled for physical, chemical, mineralogical and micromorphological characterization. The soils were classified, according to the Brazilian System of Soil Classification (and US Soil Taxonomy as: "Latossolo Vermelho-Amarelo distroférrico argissólico" (Typic Hapludox (P1 and "Nitossolo Vermelho distroférrico típico" (Rhodic Paleudult (P2. Pedon 1 differs from Pedon 2 in some aspects. For instance, P1 presents more yellowish colors, absence of clay illuviation, more friable consistence and the prismatic structure undergoes transformation to angular and subangular blocks. Pedon 2 presents ferri-argilans and leptocutans which indicate that vertical and lateral illuviation of clay is an active process in their formation. These chemically poor and mineralogically uniform soils are a result of the high temperature and rainfall of the studied area.

  10. Evaluation of advanced oxidative processes in contaminated soil of the Pernambuco state; Avaliacao dos processos oxidativos avancados num solo contaminado do estado de Pernambuco

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    Silva, Paula T.S. e [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica; Santos, Suenia S. [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Quimica; Barros Neto, Benicio de [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica Fundamental; Dorea, Haroldo S. [Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Aracaju, SE (Brazil); Motta Sobrinho, Mauricio A. da; Silva, Valdinete L. da [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2004-07-01

    In this work were used the following techniques of advanced oxidative processes: hydrogen peroxide, Fenton reagent and heterogeneous photocatalysis (TiO2). These processes have shown as an alternative technology to the treatment of some environmental matrices. The soil studied was contaminated by an oil mixture proceeding from an emptying in the patio of an industry of the state of Pernambuco. This soil has about 14,5 g/Kg of total organic carbon and 3400 mg/kg of TPH. Two planning factorial 23 were composed: one in relation to hydrogen peroxide and the other to titanium dioxide, in order to find the best conditions for the contaminant degradation. The variables and the studied levels for the former was: FeSO4 - 0,18 M (without, 4 and 8 ml); Adjustment of pH (3, without, without); Time of exposition to the sun (8h, 12h, 16h). The volumes of used peroxide in the assays were 80 and 40 ml. In relation to the second planning, were studied the following conditions: TiO2 (g) (without,5;0,75;1,0), volume H2O (0, 2,5 and 5 ml) and time of exposition to the sun (8, 40, 72h). In relation to the first planning a destruction of 84% of the oil was achieved. However, in relation to 2nd the planning non-significant degradation was obtained, and to study other conditions ought to be investigated. (author)

  11. Humic Haplustox under different land uses in a high altitude environment in the Agreste region of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Jane Kelly Silva Araujo

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The Garanhuns Plateau in the Agreste region of the State of Pernambuco, Brazil is characterized by humid climatic conditions due to orographic rains, unlike the surrounding semiarid region. These soils are subjected to intense agricultural use and are extremely important for the regional economy. This study was carried out in the municipality of Brejão in the Agreste region with the aim of assessing changes in humic Haplustox soils subjected to different land uses. Four plots with different vegetation covers (native forest, secondary shrubby vegetation (capoeira, traditional cropping system, and planted pasture were selected, and samples were taken from a soil profile and four small pits surrounding it at each site. Physical and chemical properties were assessed, including aggregate stability, humic organic fractions, and a microbiological evaluation through determination of basal respiration, microbial biomass carbon, and metabolic quotient. The soils under study showed physical and chemical properties typical of a Haplustox, such as low nutrient content, low cation exchange capacity, and high levels of acidity and Al saturation. The total organic carbon (TOC contents were high regardless of the type of land use. Aggregates < 2 mm were dominant in all the conditions under study. The TOC content was higher in the soil under capoeira, 43.91 g kg-1 on the surface, while 34.36 and 33.43 g kg-1 of TOC were observed in the first layer of forest and pasture soils, respectively. While the microbial biomass C (MBC was greater than 700 mg kg-1 in the forest and pasture areas (in the 0-5 cm layer, and 588 mg kg-1 in the soil under capoeira, these numbers were not statistically different. In the cultivated soil area, there was a reduction of around 28 % in TOC and MBC contents. Agricultural activity contributed to degradation of the humic horizon, as can be seen from a significant decrease in the TOC and changes in the relative distribution of the humic

  12. Gastos hospitalares com crianças e adolescentes vítimas de violência, no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil, em 1999 Hospital costs due to violence against children and adolescents in Pernambuco State, Brazil, during 1999

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    Roberto Natanael da Silva Mendonça

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Avaliaram-se os gastos do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS com internações hospitalares de crianças e adolescentes, vítimas de violência no Estado de Pernambuco, no ano de 1999. Utilizou-se o banco de dados do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do DATASUS, construído a partir das informações contidas nas Autorizações de Internação Hospitalar (AIH. Foram registradas 9.220 internações por causas externas a um custo de R$ 3.659.558,62. O custo médio no Estado de Pernambuco nesse ano, para as internações por todos os diagnósticos na faixa etária de 0 a 19 anos, foi de R$ 306,49. Quando se computaram apenas as causas externas, o custo médio passou para R$ 396,91. Os traumatismos foram as principais causas desses internamentos (84,7%. Na mesorregião Recife ocorreram 65,1% das hospitalizações e 77,9% dos gastos totais em todo o Estado.This study focused on expenditures under the Brazilian National Unified Health System (SUS due to hospitalization of children and adolescents as the result of violence in Pernambuco State in 1999. Data were collected from the Hospital Admittance Forms covering the State of Pernambuco. Some 9,220 hospital admissions due to external causes were identified, with a cost of R$3,659,558.62. Mean cost of hospitalization for children and adolescents in Pernambuco State in 1999 was R$306.49. Mean cost of hospitalization due to external causes was R$396.91. Traumatic lesions were the most common reason for hospital admission (84.7%. Violence against children and adolescents in Greater Metropolitan Recife accounted for 65.1% of hospital admissions and 77.9% of all hospital costs in Pernambuco State.

  13. Prevalence of anemia in children 6-59 months old in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil Prevalencia de la anemia en niños de 6 a 59 meses en el estado de Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Mônica M. Osório

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To determine the prevalence of anemia in children 6-59 months old in Pernambuco, a state in northeastern Brazil, so as to help guide health and nutrition policies there. Methods. In 1997 a representative sample of 777 young children had their hemoglobin concentration measured. The sampling process was in three stages. First, 18 municipalities were randomly selected to represent the state and its three geographic areas (metropolitan region of Recife, urban interior, and rural interior. Next, using census lists, 45 census sectors were randomly chosen. Finally, 777 children aged 6-59 months old were selected. Blood was collected by venipuncture, and hemoglobin was measured with a portable hemoglobinometer. In the analysis, prevalence was weighted to reflect the census age distribution. Results. The prevalence of anemia among children 6-59 months old was 40.9% for the state as a whole. Prevalence in the metropolitan region of Recife was 39.6%, and it was 35.9% in the urban interior. The rural interior had the highest prevalence, 51.4%. Prevalence was twice as high in children aged 6-23 months as among those 24-59 months old, 61.8% vs. 31.0% (chi² = 77.9, P Objetivos. Determinar la prevalencia de la anemia en niños de 6 a 59 meses en Pernambuco, un estado del nordeste de Brasil, con el fin de ayudar a establecer las políticas de salud y nutrición. Métodos. En 1997 se determinaron las concentraciones de hemoglobina en una muestra representativa de 777 niños. El proceso de muestreo se realizó en tres fases. Primero se seleccionaron aleatoriamente 18 municipios representativos del estado y de sus tres zonas geográficas (la región metropolitana de Recife, el interior urbano y el interior rural. A continuación, utilizando las listas del censo, se seleccionaron aleatoriamente 45 sectores censales. Finalmente, se seleccionaron 777 niños de 6 a 59 meses de edad. La sangre se recogió por punción venosa y la hemoglobina se midió con un

  14. O gênero Ceratium Schrank (Dinophyta na plataforma continental e águas oceânicas do Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil The genus Ceratium Schrank (Dinophyta from coastal and oceanic waters of Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Maria Luise Koening

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta as espécies e distribuição do gênero Ceratium no Estado de Pernambuco. As amostras foram coletadas pelo navio de pesquisas Victor Hensen durante a prospecção do JOPS II-5 no período de 25/fevereiro a 3/março/1995. Foram analisados sete perfis perpendiculares à costa, de 50 milhas de distância cada, totalizando 34 estações, distantes 10 milhas umas das outras, sendo 14 estações na região nerítica e 20 na oceânica. As amostras foram coletadas com rede tipo bongo, com abertura de malha de 64 mm e fixadas com formol neutro a 4%. Foram identificadas 27 espécies, 24 variedades, quatro subespécies e três formas, totalizando 58 táxons. As espécies consideradas muito freqüentes foram C. contortum var. karstenii (97%, C. macroceros var. macroceros (82%, C. teres e C. euarcuatum (79%, e Ceratium tripos subsp. tripos (73%, sendo esta última a única subespécie abundante na área. Cerca de 56% dos táxons ocorreu tanto na região nerítica como oceânica, mas a região oceânica apresentou maior riqueza de espécies por amostra analisada, sendo 42% dos táxons encontrados nesta região.This work presents the species and the distribution of the Ceratium Schrank (Pyrrophyta from coastal and oceanic waters of Pernambuco State. Sampling were performed aboard the Research Vessel Victor Hensen, during the JOPS II Project, Leg 5, from February 25 to March 3, 1995. Collections were carried out in 34 stations, distributed in 7 profiles perpendicular to the coast, with 14 stations located at the neritic region and 20 at the oceanic one. Samples were collected with a bongo net, 64 mm and fixed with 4% neutralized formaldehyde. Fifty eight specific and underspecific taxa were identified, outranking as the most frequentC. contortum var. karstenii (97%, C. macroceros var. macroceros (82%, C. teres, C. euarcuatum (79%, and Ceratium tripos subsp. tripos (73% the last one being the only abundant subspecies. 56% of the taxa

  15. Callistochiton edwini n. sp. Polyplacophora: Callistoplacidae Pilsbry, 1893, do estado de Pernambuco, Brasil Callistochiton edwini n. sp. Polyplacophora: Callistoplacidae Pilsbry, 1893 from Pernambuco state, Brazil

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    Rosa de Lima Silva Mello

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available Callistochiton edwini n. sp. (Callistoplacidae Pilsbry, 1893 a new species from the continental platform of Pernambuco, Brazil, South America is described and illustrated. Identification may be made by characteristic morphological aspect of shell and elements of girdle, which are peculiar to this species.

  16. Interdisciplinary paleovegetation study in the Fernando de Noronha Island (Pernambuco State, northeastern Brazil

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    Luiz C.R. Pessenda

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to reconstruct vegetation changes (with climate inferences that occurred during the Holocene in the Fernando de Noronha Island, Pernambuco State, northeastern Brazil. The research approach included the use of geochemical (mineralogy, elemental, carbon isotopes (δ13C, 14C and pollen analyses in soil organic matter (SOM and sediments collected in Lagoa da Viração and Manguezal do Sueste. The carbon isotopes data of SOM indicated that there was no significant vegetation changes during the last 7400 BP, suggesting that the climate was not the determinant factor for the vegetation dynamics. The pollen analysis of the sediment of a core collected in the Lagoa da Viração showed the absence of Quaternary material in the period between 720 BP and 90 BP. The mineralogical analysis of deeper layer showed the presence of diopside indicating this material was developed "in situ". Only in the shallow part of the core were found pollen of similar plant species of the modern vegetation. The geochemistry and isotope results, in association with the sediment type and pollen analyses of sediment samples of Manguezal do Sueste, indicated variations in the vegetation and in its location since the middle Holocene. Such variations can be associated with climatic events and sea level oscillations and also with anthropogenic events considering the last five hundred years.Esta pesquisa teve o objetivo de reconstruir trocas de vegetação (com referências climáticas que ocorreram durante o Holoceno na ilha de Fernando de Noronha, Estado de Pernambuco, nordeste do Brasil. Para o desenvolvimento da pesquisa utilizou-se de análises geoquímicas (minerais, elementar, isótopos do carbono (δ13C, 14C e análises polínicas em solos e sedimentos coletados na Lagoa da Viração e no manguezal do Sueste. Os isótopos do carbono dos solos indicaram que não houve trocas significativas de vegetação durante os últimos 7400 anos AP, sugerindo

  17. Reprodução sexuada em musgos acrocárpicos do Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil Sexual reproduction in acrocarpous mosses of Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Sylvia Mota de Oliveira

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available A freqüência de reprodução sexuada através da produção de esporófito foi determinada para musgos acrocárpicos, coletados no Estado de Pernambuco e depositados no Herbário UFP. Cada exsicata foi observada ao estereomicroscópio para verificação da ocorrência e do estádio de desenvolvimento do esporófito. Às informações obtidas acrescentaram-se dados de coleta e outros específicos pesquisados em literatura. Examinaram-se 770 exsicatas, pertencentes a 11 famílias e 59 espécies. Destas, 26 são monóicas, 27 dióicas e as seis restantes têm sistema reprodutivo desconhecido. A ocorrência de esporófito por amostras foi de 3:1, de monóica em relação à dióica. Apresentaram esporófito 88% das espécies com maior riqueza de amostras, havendo tendência, entre as dióicas, de produção ocasional ou rara de esporófito. A análise do estádio de desenvolvimento dos esporófitos por ocasião da coleta demonstrou que a produção ocorre principalmente durante o período chuvoso. Confirma-se então a importância da umidade e da autofecundação na reprodução sexuada destes musgos.The frequency of sexual reproduction in acrocarpous mosses collected in Pernambuco State, and subsequently deposited in the UFP Herbarium, was determined based on sporophyte production. Each voucher was observed under a dissecting microscope for recording the presence of the sporophyte and its developmental stage. The data obtained from literature was also registered. 770 voucher, distributed in 11 families and 59 species, were examined. 26 species have a monoecious reproductive system, 27 a dioicous one, and the six remaining ones have an unknown breeding system. The rate of fruiting specimens was higher in monoicous (3:1 than dioicous ones. Sporophytes were found in 88% of the best represented species. The frequency of fruiting specimens of dioicous species is either occasional or rare. The analysis of the developmental stages of sporophyte

  18. POPULATION BIOLOGY OF SEABOB-SHRIMP Xiphopenaeus kroyeri (Heller, 1862 CAPTURED ON THE SOUTH COAST OF PERNAMBUCO STATE, NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL

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    Danilo Francisco Corrêa Lopes

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to describe the population dynamics and to evaluate the stock of the seabob-shrimp Xiphopenaeus kroyeri on the coast of Pernambuco. Sampling was carried out between August/2011 and July/2012 in Sirinhaém, southern coast of Pernambuco. A total of 1201 individuals were analyzed, 673 females and 528 males. Total length (Lt of females varied from 4.5 to 13.5 cm while the Lt of males ranged between 4.0 and 11.0 cm. The relationship between the Lt and carapace length and Lt and total weight showed negative allometry (males, females and pooled sexes. The slope of the curve "b" was statistically different between males and females for both relationships. Females mature with 8.90 cm. Asymptotic length L∞ was lower for males than for females (12.26 to 14.79 and 10.72 to 11.5 cm, respectively, K was similar between sexes (1.00-2.04 and 1.00-2.63 cm/year-1 respectively as well as the longevity and size at 1st capture (1.50 to 1.97 years and 7.9 to 8.9 cm for males and females, respectively. The results indicate that X. kroyeri in the region is not overexploited for males, however considering females and pooled sexes the stock is near to being fully exploited.

  19. Doenças diarréicas em menores de cinco anos no Estado de Pernambuco: prevalência e utilização de serviços de saúde Diarrheal disease in children under five years of age in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil: prevalence and utilization of health services

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    Maria Josemere de Oliveira Borba Vasconcelos

    2008-03-01

    determined probabilistically and distributed among 18 municipalities throughout the state, five of which were located in MR. The remaining 13 municipalities were located in the state's rural and urban inland areas (plantation region; transition region and semi-arid region. The highest occurrence (22.7% in the previous two weeks and greatest demand placed upon outpatient care (8.6% in the past 03 months were found in the UI, whereas hospitalizations in a 12-month retrospective survey (4.1% of the children studied were more prevalent in the RI. Throughout the state of Pernambuco, it was estimated that for every one hundred cases of diarrhea, there was a rate of 0.44 hospitalizations, with greater frequencies in MR. Taking as reference the international commitment Brazil has taken with the United Nations (UNICEF 1990 for the past decade, one may conclude that diarrhea remains a relevant public health problem throughout the entire state of Pernambuco and continues to place a heavy burden primarily upon outpatient clinics and secondarily on hospital services.

  20. Leaf domatia in montane forest and Caatinga in the semiarid of Pernambuco State: Morphology and ecological implications

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    Taciana Keila dos Anjos Ramalho

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Leaf domatia are cavity-shaped structures of different types or tufts of hairs located at the junction between ribs on the abaxial surface of the leaf blades of various families of angiosperms, serving as protection against phytophagous organisms by harboring beneficial mites, suggesting a mutualistic relationship. There is shortage of inventories of species with such structures; thus the present study examined native woody plant in two habitats of the backwoods of Pernambuco to identify the types of leaf domatia. 86 species were observed,43 inCaatinga area, out of which five had domatia, and43 inthe montane forest, 11 species with domatia. Four types of domatia were observed: hairtufts, pocket, pit and revolute margin. There was predominance of plant species with leaf domatia in the area Carro Quebrado in Triunfo,PernambucoState. These results corroborate the information available in the literature in which domatia are prevalent in more humid environments, and that these structures as micro-habitats influence the maintenance of diverse organisms.

  1. Myxomycetes ocorrentes em áreas de caatinga e brejo de altitude no sertão de Pernambuco, Brasil Myxomycetes from caatinga and brejo de altitude areas in the semi-arid region of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Nylber Augusto da Silva

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O bioma Caatinga, localizado na região semiárida brasileira, está distribuído em nove estados, incluindo Pernambuco. Os objetivos deste estudo foram: obter informações que contribuam para a compreensão da diversidade alfa e gama da microbiota da Caatinga; comparar a composição da mixobiota em áreas de caatinga situadas nos municípios de Serra Talhada (ST e Mirandiba (M com a encontrada em um enclave de floresta úmida (brejo de altitude situado no município de Triunfo (T. Os espécimes foram coletados sobre restos lenhosos (173, folhedo (26, restos de plantas suculentas (3, casca de árvore viva (1 e fezes de herbívoros (1. Hemitrichia calyculata foi a espécie mais abundante (60 registros; outras espécies comuns foram Arcyria cinerea (20, Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa (19, A. denudata (16 e H. serpula (13. Apresenta-se uma lista comentada de 37 espécies, distribuídas em 17 gêneros, sete famílias e cinco ordens. A mixobiota dos três ambientes difere entre si: CC M/ST = 0,25; CC M/T = 0,06; CC ST/T = 0,39. A relação espécie/gênero foi muito baixa na caatinga e relativamente alta na floresta úmida (S/G M = 1,0; S/G ST= 1,3; S/G T = 2,14. A abundância de espécimes e o número de espécies (M = 4/4; ST= 26/12; T= 172/29 tendem a aumentar com a elevação da altitude e da pluviosidade. Fuligo megaspora é referida pela primeira vez para o Nordeste e Didymium perforatum é um novo registro para o Brasil.The Caatinga biome, situated in the Brazilian semi-arid region, is distributed among the territories of nine states, including Pernambuco. The objectives of this study were: (1 to understand the alpha and gamma diversity of the Caatinga myxobiota; and (2 to compare the composition of the myxobiota present in two areas of typical xerophilous vegetation situated in Serra Talhada (ST and Mirandiba (M municipalities with an enclave of rain forest situated in the municipality of Triunfo (T. Specimens were collected on woody debris (173

  2. Escorpionismo por Tityus pusillus Pocock, 1893 (Scorpiones; Buthidae no Estado de Pernambuco Scorpionism caused by Tityus pusillus Pocock, 1893 (Scorpiones; Buthidae in State of Pernambuco

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    Cleide Maria Ribeiro de Albuquerque

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Apresentamos neste trabalho os primeiros relatos de acidente escorpiônico causado pela espécie Tityus pusillus (Buthidae. Os acidentes ocorreram no ambiente doméstico, na área rural situada nas cidades de Paudalho e São Lourenço da Mata, Pernambuco, Brasil. Os dois casos descritos, uma criança e uma mulher grávida, foram classificados como leve e moderado, respectivamente. Os sintomas clínicos apresentados foram distúrbios locais (dor e parestesia e distúrbios sistêmicos (calafrios, tontura, cefaléia e vômito. Esses registros permitem incluir Tityus pusillus como uma espécie de importância médica no Brasil.This paper presents the first reports on scorpion accidents caused by Tityus pusillus (Buthidae. The accidents took place within the home environment, in rural areas located in the municipalities of Paudalho and São Lourenço da Mata, Pernambuco, Brazil. The two cases described (a child and a pregnant woman were classified as mild and moderate, respectively. The clinical symptoms presented were local disorders (pain and paresthesia and systemic disorders (chills, dizziness, headache and vomiting. These records make it possible to including Tityus pusillus as a species of medical importance in Brazil.

  3. Estudo espacial da mortalidade por acidentes de motocicleta em Pernambuco Estudio espacial de la mortalidad de accidentes de motocicleta en Pernambuco, Noreste de Brasil Spatial study of mortality in motorcycle accidents in the State of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil

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    Paul Hindenburg Nobre de Vasconcelos Silva; Maria Luiza Carvalho de Lima; Rafael da Silveira Moreira; Wayner Vieira Souza; Amanda Priscila de Santana Cabral

    2011-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Analisar a distribuição espacial da mortalidade por acidentes de motocicleta no estado de Pernambuco. MÉTODOS: Estudo ecológico de base populacional, usando os dados de mortalidade por acidentes de motocicletas ocorridos de 01/01/2000 a 31/12/2005. As unidades de análise foram municípios. Para a análise da distribuição espacial dos óbitos foram construídos coeficientes médios de mortalidade, tendo como numerador os óbitos por acidentes de motocicletas registrados no Sistema de Infor...

  4. Aspectos estruturais e processuais da vigilância do crescimento de menores de cinco anos em serviços públicos de saúde do Estado de Pernambuco Process and structural aspects of monitoring growth in children under the age of five years at public health services in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Cristiane de Albuquerque Silva Ratis

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar aspectos estruturais e processuais da vigilância do crescimento em 120 unidades públicas de saúde de Pernambuco. MÉTODO: O estudo foi do tipo transversal, baseado na pesquisa "Atenção à Saúde Materno-Infantil do Estado de Pernambuco", com uma amostra de 1.669 crianças menores de cinco anos, representativa para o Estado (Região Metropolitana do Recife - RMR e Interior. O processamento e a análise dos dados foram realizados no Epi-info 6.02. Utilizou-se o qui-quadrado de Pearson, com correção de Yates, para as tabelas binárias. RESULTADOS: Os serviços de saúde dispunham em 97,1%, na RMR, de cartão para registro de dados do crescimento, proporção que cai significativamente (80,4% no Interior (pOBJECTIVE: To evaluate the process and structural aspects of growth monitoring in 120 public health units in the state of Pernambuco in Northeast Brazil. METHOD: We carried out a cross-sectional study based on a research survey entitled "Child and Maternal Health Care in the State of Pernambuco". The study included 1,669 children under the age of five years representing both Metropolitan Recife (state capital and the Interior Regions of the State. Data processing and analysis were performed using Epi-info 6.02 software. The Pearson chi-squared test with the Yates correction was used for the binary tables. RESULTS: Health services in 97.1% of Metropolitan Recife (MR have record cards for growth data available. This proportion drops considerably (80.4% in the Interior Regions (p<0.01. Pediatric scales for weighing children under the age of 2 years was reported in nearly 90.0% of MR units, and just 76.5% in those in the Interior Regions. Regarding standards and charts for monitoring growth, positive responses dropped significantly in the different regions of the state - 23.3% and 18.0%, respectively. In 54.1% of the cases, children were weighed and in 16.2% growth measures were taken (height length. Parents or guardians

  5. Acompanhamento do crescimento em crianças menores de um ano: situação nos serviços de saúde em Pernambuco, Brasil Monitoring of infant growth by health services in Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Michelle Figueiredo Carvalho

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Realizou-se um diagnóstico situacional da ação de acompanhamento do crescimento em menores de 1 ano da Região Metropolitana do Recife e interior do Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil. Foi utilizado o banco de dados da pesquisa Atenção à Saúde Materno-infantil no Estado de Pernambuco, constituído por 816 crianças e 120 unidades de saúde. Para a análise utilizou-se o Epi Info versão 6.04. Na estrutura dos serviços observou-se que 15,8% das unidades de saúde não dispunham de balança pesa-bebê nem de Cartão da Criança; 75,4% não possuíam as normas de acompanhamento do crescimento e desenvolvimento. Dessas variáveis, as duas primeiras revelaram diferença entre as áreas estudadas. Quanto ao processo, 81,2% das mães dispunham do cartão da criança; 53,1% das crianças foram pesadas; e apenas 21% foram medidas em seu comprimento. A orientação dada às mães foi bastante deficitária. Nessas variáveis houve diferença entre as duas áreas. A atenção à criança sob risco nutricional foi pouco considerada nas duas áreas, embora não tenha revelado diferença significante entre interior e região metropolitana. Portanto, a ação de acompanhamento do crescimento não estava efetivamente consolidada no Estado de Pernambuco.A situational diagnosis was performed on infant growth monitoring in Greater Metropolitan Recife and in the interior of the State of Pernambuco, Brazil, using the database from the Survey on Maternal and Child Health in the State of Pernambuco, 1998, which included 816 infants (< 1 year of age and 120 health units. Epi Info version 6.04 was used for the analysis. In the health services infrastructure, 15.8% of the health units lacked infant scales and the Child's Health Card, and 75.4% lacked the guidelines for monitoring growth and development. Of these variables, the first two showed a difference between the two study areas. As for process evaluation, 81.2% of the mothers had the Child's Health Card, 53.1% of

  6. Hospitalizations of children due to primary health care sensitive conditions in Pernambuco State, Northeast Brazil

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    Carvalho, Suzana Costa; Mota, Eduardo; Dourado, Maria Inês Costa; Pereira, Rosana Aquino Guimarães; Teles, Carlos; Medina, Maria Guadalupe

    2015-01-01

    Analisaram-se as internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária de 1999-2009 em crianças < 5 anos, em municípios de Pernambuco, Brasil. Com dados do SIH/SUS, aplicou-se regressão binomial negativa para estimar razão de taxas e IC95% do efeito sobre a taxa de internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária(internações/10.000 habitantes) da cobertura %) do Programa Saúde da Família (PSF), variáveis demográficas e de condições de vida. Do total de 861.628 internações, 44,1...

  7. First report of schistosomiasis on Serrambi beach, Ipojuca, State of Pernambuco

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    Verônica Santos Barbosa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: INTRODUCTION : The expansion of schistosomiasis to previously unaffected areas is being monitored by identifying new cases and georeferencing outbreaks of vector snails. METHODS : In 2014, the Laboratório de Esquistossomose began an epidemiological survey in Serrambi and registered 2,574 people living there. RESULTS : Of these subjects, 1,414 (54.9% underwent feces examination and 63 (4.5% were diagnosed with Schistosoma mansoni infection. At this locality, seven breeding sites each were identified for Biomphalaria straminea and Biomphalaria glabrata. At two sites, B. glabrata were shedding cercariae. CONCLUSIONS : Implementing preventive measures is necessary to avoid the establishment of schistosomiasis in yet another tourist locality, Pernambuco.

  8. Removal of cadmium from thermally activated Toritama (Pernambuco state, Brazil) clay under finite bath conditions

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    Silva, M. L. P.; Rodrigues, M. G. F.; Silva,M. G. C.

    2009-01-01

    Este trabalho tem como objetivo caracterizar a argila de Toritama, estado de Pernambuco, na sua forma "in natura" após ativação térmica a 500 °C visando sua utilização na remoção de Cd2+. A argila "in natura" foi caracterizada por meio de espectrometria de raios X por energia dispersiva (EDX), difração de raios X e análise textural usando adsorção física de nitrogênio (BET). As argilas ativadas termicamente (100, 200, 300, 400 e 500 °C) foram caracterizadas por difração de raios X. A argila a...

  9. Evolução de homicídios por área geográfica em Pernambuco entre 1980 e 1998 Homicide progression per geographical area in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil, 1980-1998

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    Maria Luiza C de Lima

    2002-08-01

    and growth of homicides among male population according to the geopolitical areas. METHODS: An ecological study including a time series analysis was carried out among 15 to 49 year-old males living in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Mortality data was collected from the Ministry of Health's Mortality Information System. Data on population was from the 1980 and 1991 censuses and the 1996 Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics' census. For inter-census years, the population size was estimated by interpolation, and for the period 1997-1998 it was estimated by projection, using the geometric method. Statistical analysis was performed using mobile mean and regression analysis techniques. RESULTS: In the 1980s, the greatest increase in homicide rates was in the state capital (390%. In the 1990s, the greatest increase occurred in the metropolitan region (68.5% suggesting violence spread from the capital to other municipalities of greater Recife. Homicide rates tended to grow linearly in the interior, whilst there was an exponential growth in the capital and metropolitan region. A striking feature is the high rates of homicides with firearms in the three areas. CONCLUSIONS: The progression of homicides in the three areas of study shows a characteristic increase. It should be stressed that even though it is the same phenomenon - male homicides -, the generating dynamic of this process has geographical particularities between more urban and interior areas and they should be taken into account while developing local policies for supporting victims and preventing these events.

  10. Comportamento de genótipos de arroz de terras altas na Zona da Mata de Pernambuco Performance of upland rice genotypes in 'Zona da Mata' of Pernambuco State

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    Vaubam A. C. da Silva

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se, neste estudo, o comportamento de 12 genótipos de arroz de terras altas na Zona da Mata de Pernambuco quanto a caracteres de importância agronômica. Utilizou-se o delineamento de blocos ao acaso, com 4 repetições, parcelas constituídas de 5 linhas de 4 m e espaçamento de 0,50 m. Os experimentos foram conduzidos no ano agrícola de 2006, entre os meses de abril e agosto, nos municípios de Palmares e Vitória de Santo Antão. Dentre os caracteres avaliados verificaram-se diferenças significativas entre os genótipos para os caracteres: altura de planta, acamamento, ciclo de florescimento e de maturação, perfilhamento médio, comprimento de panículas, peso de mil grãos e rendimento de grãos inteiros. A interação genótipo x ambiente foi significativa para os caracteres altura de planta, ciclo de florescimento e percentual de espiguetas estéreis. Os genótipos Bonança, BRA 1506, CNAs 9045 e BRSMG curinga, apresentaram os melhores comportamentos para os caracteres: altura da planta, acamamento, ciclo de florescimento e de maturação, além de bom perfilhamento e médio rendimento e, portanto, são os mais promissores a serem recomendados para o plantio na referida região, especificamente no período entre os meses de abril a julho.Twelve upland rice genotypes were evaluated in the 'Zona da Mata' of Pernambuco State regarding characteristics of agronomical importance. The experimental design was randomized block with four replications and plots composed of 5 rows of 4 m length and 0.5 m spacing. The experiments were carried out from April to August during the agricultural year 2006 at the Palmares and Vitoria de Santo Antão municipalities. Amongst the evaluated characteristics there were significant differences among genotypes for plant height, lodging, flowering and maturation cycle, number of tillers per plant, length of panicle, 1000-grain weight and grain yield. Genotype versus environment interaction was

  11. Leishmaniose tegumentar americana em centro de treinamento militar localizado na Zona da Mata de Pernambuco, Brasil American cutaneous leishmaniasis in military training unit localized in Zona da Mata of Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Sinval P. Brandão-Filho

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Um surto de leishmaniose tegumentar americana ocorreu em 1996 em unidade de treinamento militar situada na Zona da Mata de Pernambuco, com o registro de 26 casos humanos. Um inquérito epidemiológico foi realizado através da realização de levantamento entomológico e da aplicação do Teste de Montenegro. Lutzomyia choti apresentou predominância de 89,9% dos flebótomos identificados. De 545 homens que participaram de treinamentos no período, 24,1% (incluindo os casos clínicos foram positivo para o Teste de Montenegro.An outbreak of American cutaneous leishmaniasis has been occurred in military training unit localized in 'Zona da Mata' of Pernambuco State, Brazil, where were registered 26 human cases. An epidemiological survey was carried out by entomological investigation and Montenegro skin test (MST. Lutzomyia choti presents predominance (89.9% in sandflies identified. Out of 545 men who realized training activities were 24.12% positive to MST.

  12. The Aquatic Environment as a Reservoir of Vibrio cholerae O1 in Hydrographic Basins of the State of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Carina Lucena Mendes-Marques

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available After the worldwide cholera epidemic in 1993, permanent environmental monitoring of hydrographic basins was established in Pernambuco, Brazil, where cholera is endemic. After a quiescent period, 4 rfbN (serogroup O1 positive water samples that were culture negative were detected by multiplex single-tube nested PCR (MSTNPCR; 2 of these were also ctxA (cholera toxin positive. From May to June 2012, 30 V. cholerae O1 isolates were obtained by culturing samples. These isolates were analyzed for the presence of virulence genes by PCR, intergenic spacer region 16S-23S PCR (ISR-PCR, and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE. The isolates were positive for the rfbN gene and negative for the assessed pathogenic genes and were classified into 2 groups by ISR and the same profile by PFGE. Close genetic similarity was observed between them (2012 and environmental strains from 2004 to 2005, indicating the permanence of endemic V. cholerae O1 in the region.

  13. Phytoplankton abundance, dominance and coexistence in an eutrophic reservoir in the state of Pernambuco, Northeast Brazil

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    Giulliari A. S. T. Lira

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study reports the phytoplankton abundance, dominance and co-existence relationships in the eutrophic Carpina reservoir, Pernambuco, Brazil. Sampling was carried out at six different depths bimonthly at a single reservoir spanning two climatic periods: dry season (January, September, and November 2006 and rainy season (March, May, and July 2006. Density, abundance, dominance, specific diversity and equitability of the community were determined, along with chlorophyll a, and physical and chemical variables of the environment. Eight species were considered abundant, and their densities corresponded to more than 90% of the total phytoplankton community quantified. Cyanobacteria represented more than 80% of this density. Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii was the only dominant taxon in the dry season, and was co-dominant in the rainy season. C. raciborskii, Planktothrix agardhii and Geitlerinema amphibium had the greatest densities and lowest vertical variation coefficients. The statistical analysis indicated relationships with vertical and seasonal variations in the phytoplankton community and the following variables: total dissolved solids, water temperature, electrical conductivity and pH. The changes in the environmental variables were discrete and regulated by the establishment of precipitation however, they were able to promote vertical and seasonal instability in the structure of the phytoplankton community.O presente estudo remete às relações de abundância, dominância e co-existência fitoplanctônica no reservatório eutrófico de Carpina, Pernambuco, Brasil. Foram realizadas amostragens bimensalmente, em seis profundidades, em um único ponto do reservatório, contemplando dois períodos sazonais: seco (janeiro, setembro e novembro/2006 e chuvoso (março, maio e julho/2006. A densidade, abundância, dominância, diversidade específica e equitabilidade foram determinadas, além da clorofila a e algumas variáveis físicas e qu

  14. Urbanization effects on the composition and structure of macrophytes communities in a lotic ecosystem of Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    L. R. C. C. Xavier

    Full Text Available Abstract Population growth in urban areas changes freshwater ecosystems, and this can have consequences for macrophyte communities as can be seen in the municipalities that border the Capibaribe River, Pernambuco, Brazil. This study reports the effects of urbanization on the composition and structure of macrophyte communities in areas along that river. The following urbanized and non-urbanized sampling sites were chosen: Sites 1 and 2 (municipality of Santa Cruz do Capibaribe, Sites 3 and 4 (municipality of Toritama, and Sites 5 and 6 (metropolitan region of Recife. These sites were visited every two months from January to July 2013 to observe seasonal variation (wet and dry seasons. Thirty-one species were identified. Generally, the non-urbanized sites had a higher number of species. Multivariate analyses indicated significant overall differences between urbanized and non-urbanized areas (R = 0.044; p < 0.001 and between seasons (R = 0.018; p < 0.019. Owing to the large variation in physical, chemical, and biological characteristics between urbanized and non-urbanized areas, we found that urbanization significantly influenced the floristic composition and structure of macrophyte communities.

  15. The vocational training of occupational therapists and their role in the Family Health Support Center (NASF in Recife, Pernambuco State

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    Andréia Carolina Santos de Lima

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to identify the role and training of occupational therapists in the Support Center for Family Health (NASF in Recife, Pernambuco state. It is an exploratory research of quantitative approach performed with ten occupational therapists in 2011; data was obtained by self-administered questionnaires. According to the interviewees, the role of the occupational therapist is to offer holistic attention focused on functional performance, prevention of incapacities, rehabilitation, and social inclusion. Matrix support is the most common type of support provided by occupational therapists and Family Health teams to the monitored cases. The most commonly used places in these interventions are the homes of patients and the Family Health Center. The small effectiveness of public policies was mentioned as the greatest difficulty. In spite of the general character of the vocational training provided, it was considered insufficient for the NASF by 70% of the interviewees. The need for themes such as primary health care and health programs and policies was highlighted by those who wanted to be trained. We conclude that the role of the occupational therapist in the NASF is based on specific attributions in functional development and prevention of incapacities. The core of the profession, holistic health care, and social inclusion are considered attributions in common with those of primary health care workers. Vocational training as preparation for working in the NASF was considered insufficient by the interviewees, once it is a new area for professional acting and updating.

  16. Detection of Listeria spp. in food handling areas of retail food stores in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Mariana Gomes Ferreira Machado de Siqueira

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The identification of Listeria spp. in food handling areas is of great concern to health surveillance agencies, and their control is often hampered by the ability of the bacteria to grow and maintain themselves even under adverse conditions. The present study aimed to isolate and identify Listeria spp. in the food handling areas of 10 retail food stores in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Eighty-six swab samples were collected from equipment, utensils and surfaces used for processing ready-to-eat meat products. The Dry and Wet Swabbing Methods (3M™ Quick Swabs and 3M™ Petrifilm™ Plates were used to identify Listeria spp. Contamination by Listeria monocytogenes was confirmed by the Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR. The hygienic and sanitary conditions of the food handling areas of each store were also assessed. Listeria spp. was isolated in eight stores (80%. Of the 86 swab samples analyzed, 27 (31.2% [confidence interval 21.81% to 42.30%] were positive for Listeria spp. and only one (3.7% was confirmed as Listeria monocytogenes. The main contamination sites were the floor (50.0%, the plastic cutting board (42.9% and the knife (40.0%. None of the hygienic and sanitary conditions assessed in the present study were associated with contamination by Listeria spp. (p = 0.700. It was concluded that Listeria spp. was widely distributed in the retail food stores studied, being a possible risk factor for public health.

  17. Pediatric epidemiological aspects of scorpionism and report on fatal cases from Tityus stigmurus stings (Scorpiones: Buthidae in State of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Cleide Maria Ribeiro de Albuquerque

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Envenomation by scorpion stings is a major public health problem in numerous tropical countries because of its frequent incidence and potential severity. Approximately 1,900 species of scorpions are known in the world, and at least 130 of these have been described in Brazil. Methods This work reports on 3 child deaths caused by Tityus stigmurus stings and characterizes epidemiological and clinical surveys on pediatric cases of scorpionism recorded in the Centro de Assistência Toxicológica de Pernambuco (Ceatox-PE. Results Scorpion stings accounted for more than 60% of all cases recorded for venomous animals. The children were from 37 cities of the Pernambuco state and accounted for 28.8% of the victims treated for scorpion stings, with the highest incidence in the metropolitan area of Recife. Stings occurred throughout the year and slightly increased during the rainy season. Independent of the elapsed time for a prognosis, most cases showed mild symptoms. Three moderate cases that resulted in death featured cardiogenic shock and/or pulmonary edema or severe neurological symptoms. For the first time, death attributed to T. stigmurus was confirmed by the presence of the scorpion. Conclusions These results suggest that scorpionism in Pernambuco is a public health problem that needs to be monitored carefully throughout the year by the government.

  18. Os gêneros Zanthoxylum L. e Esenbeckia Kunth (Rutaceae no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil The genera Zanthoxylum L. and Esenbeckia Kunth (Rutaceae in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Maria de Fátima Figueiredo Melo

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho consiste no levantamento das espécies dos gêneros Zanthoxylum e Esenbeckia ocorrentes em Pernambuco. Foi baseado nos caracteres morfológicos das espécies obtidas em campo e nos materiais de 16 herbários brasileiros. Foram registradas nove espécies de Zanthoxylum: Z. caribaeum Lam., Z. fagara (L. Sarg., Z. gardneri Engl., Z. hamadryadicum Pirani, Z. monogynum A. St.-Hil., Z. petiolare A. St.-Hil & Tul., Z. rhoifolium Lam., Z. stelligerum Turcz. e Z. syncarpum Tul. Para Esenbeckia foram verificadas cinco espécies: E. almawillia Kaastra, E. febrifuga (A. St.-Hil. Juss. ex Mart., E. garandiflora Mart., E. leiocarpa Engl. e E. pilocarpoides Kunth. Para reconhecimento das espécies são apresentadas chaves de identificação, descrições, ilustrações, distribuição geográfica, comentários e nomes vulgares.This work is a survey of the species of Zanthoxylum and Esenbeckia occuring in the State of Pernambuco. It was based on morphological characters of the species obtained during field trips and of specimens from 16 Brazilian herbaria. Nine species were recorded for Zanthoxylum: Z. caribaeum Lam., Z. fagara (L. Sarg., Z. gardneri Engl., Z. hamadryadicum Pirani, Z. monogynum A. St.-Hil., Z. petiolare A. St.-Hil & Tul., Z. rhoifolium Lam., Z. stelligerum Turcz., and Z. syncarpum Tul. Esenbeckia comprised five species: E. almawillia Kaastra, E. febrifuga (A. St.Hil. Juss. ex Mart., E. grandiflora Mart., E. leiocarpa Engl., and E. pilocarpoides Kunth. Identication keys, descriptions, ilustrations, geographic distribution, common names, and comments on the species are presented.

  19. Evolução intergeracional da estatura no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil, entre 1945 e 2006: 2 - aspectos analíticos Intergenerational evolution of stature in Pernambuco State, Brazil (1945-2006: 2 - analytical aspects

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    José Natal Figueiroa

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Utilizando-se modelos de regressão multinível, foram identificados fatores relacionados à evolução estatural de pessoas residentes em Pernambuco, Brasil, em 2006 e nascidas a partir de 1945. Os dados provêm de dois inquéritos estaduais de base populacional. No modelo final de cada grupo etário, ano de nascimento, sexo, escolaridade, renda e residência em área urbana ficaram positivamente associadas ao crescimento estatural dos adultos, bem como de crianças e adolescentes de 5 a 19 anos. Nos menores de cinco anos, além dessas variáveis, também ficaram positivamente associados o peso ao nascer e a realização de pré-natal, enquanto a ocorrência de diarreia nas últimas duas semanas anteriores à entrevista mostrou associação negativa. Os resultados do estudo mostram que o crescimento estatural foi mais favorecido em ambientes nos quais predominaram melhores condições socioeconômicas e ambientais.This study used multivariate regression models to identify factors associated with the height trend in residents of Pernambuco State, Brazil, in 2006, born from 1945 onward. The data were from two population-based statewide surveys. In the final model for each age bracket, year of birth, gender, schooling, and residence in urban areas were positively associated with stature in adults, as well as in children and adolescents 5 to 19 years of age. In children under five years, in addition to these variables, birth weight and prenatal care were also positively associated, while diarrhea in the two weeks prior to the interview showed a negative association. The findings show that stature was favored by settings with better socioeconomic and environmental conditions.

  20. Cymothoa recifea sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae from the mouths of marine fishes of Pernambuco State, Brazil Cymothoa recifea sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae das bocas de peixes marinhos do Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Vernon E. Thatcher

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Cymothoa recifea sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae is described from the mouths of Centropomus undecimalis (Bloch, 1792 and Oligoplites palometa (Cuvier, 1832. The fish hosts were caught near Itamaracá and Cabo de Santo Agostinho, State of Pernambuco, Brazil. The new species bears a superficial resemblance to Cymothoa oestrum (Linnaeus, 1793 from which it differs in a number of important respects. In the new species, the basal carinae are large on pereopods 4-7 and usually pointed, whereas in C. oestrum the carinae are small on pereopods 4-6, large on 7 and not pointed. In the new species, only pleopod 1 is simple and 2-5 are provided with pockets and folds. In the other species, pleopods 1-4 are simple and only 5 has folds.Cymothoa recifea sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae é descrito das bocas de Centropomus undecimalis (Bloch, 1792 e Oligoplites palometa (Cuvier, 1832. Os peixes foram capturados perto de Itamaracá, Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil. A nova espécie apresenta uma semelhança superficial à Cymothoa oestrum (Linnaeus, 1793 da qual distingue-se pôr várias características. Na nova espécie, as expansões nas bases dos pereópodos ("carinae" são grandes nos 4-7 e, geralmente, terminam em pontas agudas. Em contraste, em C. oestrum, estas estruturas são pequenas nos pereópodos 4-6, grande somente no sétimo e não têm pontas agudas. Na nova espécie, somente o pleópodo 1 é simples e 2-5 apresentam bolsas e dobras. Na outra espécie, os pleópodos 1-4 são simples e somente 5 tem dobras.

  1. Clinical, epidemiological and laboratory aspects of patients with American cutaneous leishmaniasis in the State of Pernambuco Aspectos clínicos, epidemiológicos e laboratoriais de pacientes com leishmaniose cutânea americana no Estado de Pernambuco

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    Luiza de Campos Reis

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The diagnosis for American cutaneous leishmaniasis is based on an association of clinical, epidemiological and laboratory characteristics. The present study identified the circulating species of Leishmania in the State of Pernambuco, described its clinical-epidemiological characteristics and diagnosed the disease. Nineteen patients presenting active lesions who had been diagnosed through clinical evaluation and laboratory tests were selected. The tests included direct investigation, in vitro culturing, Montenegro skin test, indirect immunofluorescence and polymerase chain reaction. The Montenegro Skin Test showed positive results in 89% of the patients; indirect immunofluorescence, in 79%; direct investigation, in 58%; and polymerase chain reaction in 75%. Seven Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis samples were isolated from these patients and were characterized by means of specific monoclonal antibodies. These data confirm that a combination of different diagnosis techniques is needed in order to obtain efficient results and that, so far, Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis is the only species responsible for American cutaneous leishmaniasis infection in Pernambuco. Thus, it is essential to identify the parasite species involved in cases of human disease in an endemic area in order to determine the clinical and epidemiological characteristics, especially with regard to diagnosis, therapy development and disease prognosis.O diagnóstico da leishmaniose cutânea americana é baseado na associação dos aspectos clínicos, epidemiológicos e laboratoriais. O presente estudo identificou a espécie de Leishmania circulante no Estado de Pernambuco, descreveu os aspectos clínico-epidemiológicos e diagnosticou a doença. Foram selecionados 19 pacientes apresentando lesão ativa e diagnosticados através de avaliação clínica e pelos exames laboratoriais que incluíram a pesquisa direta, cultivo in vitro, intradermorreação de Montenegro, imunofluoresc

  2. Coliformes em água de abastecimento de lojas fast-food da Região Metropolitana de Recife (PE, Brasil Coliforms in the water supply of fast-food chains in the Metropolitan Region of Recife, in the state of Pernambuco (Brazil

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    Maria Anunciada Leal Porto

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available A garantia do fornecimento de água potável nos serviços de alimentação é uma questão relevante para a saúde pública. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a qualidade microbiológica da água destinada ao abastecimento de uma rede de lojas fast-food da cidade de Recife (PE e Região Metropolitana e comparar os resultados aos padrões estabelecidos pela Portaria nº 518/2004 do Ministério da Saúde. Mensalmente, foi analisada uma amostra proveniente de uma das torneiras da área de manipulação das oito lojas investigadas, perfazendo 96 amostras ao longo de um ano, todas coletadas em duplicata. As análises seguiram a metodologia estabelecida na American Public Health Association (APHA para realização do ensaio presuntivo utilizando o Teste Presença-Ausência, considerando-se o padrão de potabilidade determinado na legislação pertinente. Os resultados revelaram que 11,46% de todas as amostras apresentaram água contaminada por coliformes totais e 1,04% contaminação por coliformes termotolerantes. Conclui-se, portanto, que a qualidade da água disponível nos estabelecimentos produtores de alimentos estudados encontra-se em estado de alerta, uma vez que o percentual significativo das amostras analisadas mostrava-se impróprio para o consumo humano de acordo com a legislação vigente, a qual preconiza ausência de coliformes totais e termotolerantes.A guaranteed supply of clean drinking water in food outlets is a relevant subject for public health. The scope of this study was to assess the microbiological quality of 96 water samples of a network of fast-food stores in the city of Recife (state of Pernambuco, Brazil and Metropolitan Area and to compare the results to the standards established by Brazilian Health Ministry decree nº 518/2004. Every month, a double sample from one of the faucets in the food preparation area of the eight stores investigated was analyzed, totaling 96 samples over one year. The analyses followed

  3. Distribuição de 137Cs em três solos representativos do estado de pernambuco Distribution of 137Cs in three representative soils of pernambuco state, Brazil

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    Patrik Diogo Antunes

    2010-06-01

    in the last decades. In Northeastern Brazil no such sites have been evaluated yet. Three areas with flat topography, native vegetation and undisturbed soil were selected in of Goiana, Araripina and Sertânia counties, state of Pernambuco. Four points in each area were marked at a distance of 20 to 50 m away from each other and soil samples were collected in 3 cm depth intervals, down to 30 cm. The 137Cs activities were determined using gamma spectrometry with a hyperpure germanium detector. Average contents of 137Cs (Bq m-2 were 71.6 ± 6.3 in Goiana, 64.0 ± 13.8 in Araripina and 95.5 ± 9.8 in Sertânia. Values in this range have been reported in Paraíba and Bahia, and higher ones in the Southeastern region, confirming the reduction of stocks in areas closer to the equator. The highest activities occurred in the surface layers, ranging from 0.5 to 1.6 Bq kg-1, and decreased linearly with depth until the detection limits: 18 cm in Araripina, 15 cm in Goiana, and 9 cm in Sertânia. In Goiana, the activity was highest (2.06 ± 1.0 Bq kg-1 in an organic horizon above a inorganic horizon. The high activities and stock and lower depth in Sertânia could be explained by the predominance of 2:1 clay minerals versus 1:1 clay minerals in the other areas. 137Cs activities were positively correlated with water and KCl pH values and negatively correlated with Al concentrations. The results confirm that, in the reference areas, 137Cs activities are highest in the surface layers, decreasing regularly down the soil profile.

  4. Compactação primária do abomaso em 14 bovinos no estado de Pernambuco Primary abomasal impaction in 14 cattle from Pernambuco State, northeastern Brazil

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    Antônio Carlos Lopes Câmara

    2009-05-01

    roughage for feeding cows in many regions, especially during the dry season, impaction of the abomasum has been poorly reported in Brazil, probably because the condition is misdiagnosed by practitioners. The present paper aimed to accomplish a retrospective study on primary abomasal impaction in 14 cattle from Pernambuco State, northeastern Brazil. Eight moderate cases, without severe abdominal distention and with no rumen compaction, were treated conservatively, and four severe cases, with severe abdominal distention and rumen compaction, were treated surgically. One bull was slaughtered and one cow died without treatment. The greater number of abomasal impaction cases was in Holstein cows with six cases (42.9%, followed by crossbred cattle with five cases (35.8%, and the breeds Brown-Swiss, Nelore and Marchigiana, each with one case (21.3%. The food composition was characterized by low quality fibers and varied greatly among cases. Most frequent clinical signs were apathy, dehydration, hypomotility and ruminal bloat, intestinal hypomotility and scanty or absent feces with mucus. The hematological findings revealed leukocytosis with neutrophilia and hyperfibrinogenemia in most cases. Ruminal fluid analysis showed compromised flora and fauna dynamics and increased chlorine ion concentration. Clinical (4/8 and chirurgical (2/4 recovery rate achieved 50%. The clinical and chirurgical methods remain as viable options for the treatment of light and severe impaction, but the prognosis is always reserved especially when associated to late pregnancy.

  5. Heavy metal levels in surface waters from a tropical river basin, Pernambuco State, northeastern Brazil = Níveis de metais pesados em águas superficiais de um rio tropical, Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Marc Bouvy

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Monthly, the distribution and enrichment of heavy metals (Fe, Mn, Cu, Pb and Zn in surface waters were examined at eight sampling sites, in Tapacurá river (Pernambuco State, Brazil, from March 1997 to December 1998 and from June 2005 to March 2006. On average, metal levels ranged from 0.30 to 4.22 for Fe; 0.02 to 1.09 for Mn; 0.001 to 0.014 for Cu; . 0.006 to 0.029 for Pb and 0.003 to 0.020 for Zn, all in mg L-1. Heavy metals presented a great heterogeneous horizontal distribution, with hotspots in municipal and agricultural areas. Theenrichment factor (EF and the potential contamination index (Cp indicated moderate to severe contamination by Cu and Zn. The results pointed the potential pathways of trace metals via the transport of soil for the river basin, mainly from agricultural areas, and inefficient sewage treatment at the cities. The first step to apply a remedial measure is the inspection of the agricultural areas, the controlled use of fertilizers and herbicides, as well as the development of an efficient sewage treatment to urban areas.Mensalmente, a distribuição e o enriquecimento de metais pesados (Fe, Mn, Cu, Pb e Zn em águas superficiais foram analisados em oitopontos de amostragem no rio Tapacurá, Estado do Pernambuco, Brasil. O estudo foi realizado entre março/1997 e dezembro/1998 e entre junho/2005 e março/2006. Em média, o nível de metais pesados variou em mg L-1 entre 0,30 e 4,22 Fe; 0,02 e 1,09 Mn; 0,001 e 0,014 Cu; . 0,006 e 0,029 Pb e 0,003 e 0,020 Zn. Os metais mostraram distribuiçãohorizontal heterogênea grande com ênfase nas áreas municipais e agrícolas. O fator de enriquecimento (EF e o índice de contaminação potencial (Cp indicaram moderada a severa contaminação por Cu e Zn. Os resultados indicaram um caminho preferencial de metais pelo transporte de solo para bacia, principalmente de áreas agrícolas e pelo tratamento ineficiente de esgotos urbanos. O primeiro passo para uma medida corretiva é a

  6. Anos potenciais de vida perdidos por mulheres vítimas de homicídio na cidade do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil Years of potential life lost by female homicide victims in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Leonildo Severino da Silva

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Estudo epidemiológico, transversal, objetivando calcular os anos potenciais de vida perdidos por mulheres vítimas de homicídio na cidade do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, no quinquênio 2003-2007. Utilizou-se de um banco de dados da Gerência Operacional de Informação de Mortalidade e Natalidade da Secretaria de Saúde do Recife, e foram revisadas todas as declarações de óbitos das vítimas de homicídio, com idade fértil no quinquênio analisado. Os resultados revelaram que houve 12.120 anos potenciais de vida perdidos, no período, por mulheres jovens, negras (88%, de escolaridade desconhecida (78,2%, solteiras (80%, mortas na Região Político-administrativa III, que foram assassinadas com uso de arma de fogo, no próprio domicílio. A taxa de mortalidade específica, no período, correspondeu a 10,8 por 100 mil mulheres em idade fértil. Os 43,3 anos de vida perdidos por cada vítima refletem, entre outros aspectos, as características do município, relativas ao nível de pobreza, desemprego, densidade populacional, instabilidade residencial, desigualdade social, que expõem seus habitantes a crises sociais, crimes e violência.This cross-sectional epidemiological study aimed to calculate the potential years of life lost by female homicide victims in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, in 2003-2007. A database was used from the Operational Division for Information on Births and Deaths under the Recife Municipal Health Department. All death certificates for childbearing-age women were reviewed for the five-year period. The results showed a total of 12,120 potential years of life lost by these women, mostly young, black (88%, with unknown levels of schooling (78.2%, single (80%, in District III of the city, and murdered with firearms in their own homes. The specific mortality rate was 10.8 homicides per 100,000 childbearing-age women. The 43.3 years of life lost per woman express the city's characteristics, poverty levels, unemployment

  7. Análise espacial dos casos humanos de esquistossomose em uma comunidade horticultora da Zona da Mata de Pernambuco, Brasil Spatial analysis of schistosomiasis human cases in the horticultural community of Zona da Mata of Pernambuco state, Brazil

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    Onicio Batista Leal Neto

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi descrever a distribuição espacial da esquistossomose na comunidade horticultora de Natuba, Vitória de Santo Antão, Pernambuco. Foi conduzido um inquérito parasitológico, onde foi examinado o material fecal de 310 moradores da comunidade. Os casos positivos para Schistosoma mansoni foram georreferenciados e incluídos no croqui da localidade, gerando os mapas de distribuição espacial com estimadores de kernel. Os resultados apresentaram uma alta prevalência para esquistossomose, com 28,4% da população parasitada. Outros parasitos foram encontrados em 25,8% da população. O uso das ferramentas de geoprocessamento permitiu mapear e compreender a distribuição dos casos de esquistossomose no espaço ocupado pela comunidade, destacando e relacionando locais de menor altitude (passíveis de alagamento, com uma maior frequência de casos humanos. Estudos como este fornecem informações para que os serviços de saúde local possam intervir e promover mudanças para que indivíduos residentes em áreas com baixas condições habitacionais minimizem sua exposição ao risco de contrair a esquistossomose.The objective of this study was to describe the spatial distribution of schistosomiasis in horticultural community of Natuba, district of Vitória de Santo Antão, Pernambuco state. It was conducted a parasitological survey, examined the fecal material of 310 community residents. The cases positive for Schistosoma mansoni were geocoded and included in the computerized template of the community, generating maps of spatial distribution with kernel estimators. The results showed a high prevalence of schistosomiasis, with 28.4% of the parasites. Other parasites were found in 25.8% of the population. The use of GIS tools to map and understand the possible distribution of cases of schistosomiasis in the space occupied by the community highlighting and listing locations of lower elevation (able to flooding, with a

  8. FREQÜÊNCIA DE AGLUTININAS ANTI-Brucella abortus EM CAPRINOS E OVINOS DO SERTÃO DO ESTADO DE PERNAMBUCO, BRASIL FREQUENCY OF ANTI-Brucella abortus AGGLUTININS IN GOATS AND sheep OF THE “SERTÃO” (BACKLANDS OF THE STATE OF PERNAMBUCO, BRAZIL

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    Vânia Lúcia de Assis Santana

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se investigar a freqüência de aglutininas anti-Brucella abortus em caprinos e ovinos do Sertão do Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil. Foram processadas 700 amostras de soros sangüíneos, das quais 340 eram da espécie caprina (115 machos e 225 fêmeas e 360 (136 machos e 224 fêmeas ovina. Empregou-se a técnica do antígeno acidificado tamponado (AAT corado com rosa bengala (RB. Das 340 amostras de caprinos avaliadas, duas (0,6% foram reagentes ao AAT. Não se observaram associações significativas para as variáveis faixa etária (p= 0,430, raça (p= 0,936 e sexo (p= 0,562. Das 360 amostras de ovinos, nove (2,5% foram reagentes. Também não houve associação significativa entre as variáveis analisadas e a soropositividade para brucelose: faixa etária (p= 0,522; raça (p= 0,576 e sexo (p= 0,461. Verificou-se associação significativa (p= 0,042 entre as espécies estudadas e soropositividade para brucelose nos animais investigados. A soropositividade para Brucella abortus em caprinos e ovinos foi descrita pela primeira vez no Sertão de Pernambuco, fato que pode dificultar o sucesso do Programa Nacional de Controle e Erradicação da Brucelose, tendo em vista que nessa região é comum a criação consorciada de pequenos ruminantes com bovinos, além de representar riscos à Saúde Pública.

    PALAVRAS-CHAVES: Brucelose, ovinos, caprinos, pequenos ruminantes, sorodiagnóstico. The objective was to investigate the frequency of anti-Brucella abortus agglutinins in goats and sheep of the backlands of the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. 700 samples of sanguine serums were processed, of which 340 were of the goat (115 males and 225 females and 360 (136 males and 224 females sheep. The technique of the Tamponed Acidified Antigen (AAT dyed with Bengalese Rose (BR was used. Of the 340 samples of goat evaluated two (0.6% were reactive to AAT. Significant associations were not observed for the variable age group (p = 0.430; race (p = 0

  9. Condições de moradia como preditores de riscos nutricionais em crianças de Pernambuco, Brasil Housing conditions as nutrition risk predictors among children in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Anete Rissin

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: analisar as características da moradia (tipos de piso, parede, teto, número de pessoas por cômodo, abastecimento d'água e esgotamento sanitário, como marcadores de risco de desnutrição segundo a relação altura/idade (OBJECTIVES: to analyze housing features (types of floor, walls, ceiling, number of persons per room, water supply and sewage facilities as malnutrition risk markers according to height/age ratio (<-2 scores-z of the National Center for Health Statistics standard (NCHS in the metropolitan area of Recife (712 children, of the urban interior (684 children and in the rural environment (644 children from the database of the II Health and Nutrition Survey of the State of Pernambuco (1997. METHODS: bivariate analysis was used to establish associations of various housing features and nutritional status as well as multiple logistic regression analysis to discard confusing variables, to internally adjust association effects and to identify factors remaining in the final multivariate analysis. RESULTS: bivariate analysis demonstrate risk markers in the identification in the three sample spaces. In the logistic regression analysis, only the ratio of "number of persons per room" remained as a malnutrition risk factor in the different geographical spaces analyzed. CONCLUSIONS: these results demonstrate situations that should be focused by the health sector to achieve a better understanding of the nutritional issue, as well as other citizenship related aspects.

  10. [Visual impairment impact on the quality of life of the elderly population that uses the public health care system from the western countryside of Pernambuco State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bravo Filho, Vasco Torres Fernandes; Ventura, Roberta Urbano; Brandt, Carlos Teixeira; Sarteschi, Camila; Ventura, Marcelo Carvalho

    2012-01-01

    To evaluate the impact of visual impairment on the quality of life of the elderly population living in the western countryside of Pernambuco State, located in northeast of Brazil. Five hundred and eighty subjects over 59 years of age were interviewed using the Visual Functioning Questionnaire (VFQ). All subjects underwent complete eye examination. The results of the quantitative parameters were expressed by mean ± SD. The results of categorical parameters were expressed by their frequencies. Mean age was of 70 ± 8.1 years. About 86% of the interviewed elderly were illiterate or had incomplete education. The mean complaints were low visual acuity (71.1%) and itching/burning (69.0%). The visual acuity was not normal in 37.4% of the elderly. About 75.0% of the subjects reported to have regular or bad health, and 77.0% reported to have regular or bad vision. The reported quality of life decreased according to the worsening of the visual acuity. Visual impairment had a negative impact on the quality of life of the elderly population from the western countryside of Pernambuco State.

  11. Virtual population analysis of two snapper species, Lutjanus analis and Lutjanus chrysurus, caught off Pernambuco State, north-eastern Brazil

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    Sérgio Macedo Gomes de Mattos

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available We applied steady-state Virtual Population Analysis - VPA to two stocks of snappers (Lutjanus analis and L. chrysurus exploited by artisanal hand-line fleets along the Pernambuco State coast (North-eastern Brazil. We show that even short-data series (1 year of sampling can produce a useful diagnosis of fisheries resources. Both stocks are slightly overexploited by the hand-line fishery and a higher yield-per-recruit would be obtained by a reduction of effort of 16% for L. analis and 43% for L. chrysurus. Given the impracticability of managing the two stocks separately, we propose a 25% decrease of fishing effort for the hand-line fleet. By incorporating the results of VPA into a simulation framework, we can develop a comparison of the likely result of different policy options (effort regulation based on 3 simple indicators (Spawning stock biomass-per-recruit, biomass-perrecruit and yield-per-recruit. We compare the results of effort reduction with those of effort increase (25% through simulation analysis. Allowing for the difficulty of testing assumptions introduced in our model (steady-state, Beverton and Holt recruitment model and using standard fisheries analysis techniques, we show that useful fisheries advice can be produced even in a context of limited data. Providing advice to developing countries coastal fisheries is an urgent issue, given the high dependence of local communities on coastal living resources and the increasing fishing effort applied by a growing population.Foi aplicado a Análise Virtual de População - VPA em estado estacionário a dois estoques de lutjanídeos (Lutjanus analis e L. chrysurus explorados pela frota artesanal de linha de mão ao longo da costa do Estado de Pernambuco (Nordeste do Brasil. Demonstrou-se que mesmo para uma série de dados não-históricos (1 ano de amostragem pode-se produzir um diagnóstico útil dos recursos pesqueiros e que ambos os estoques estão próximo ao estado de sobrexplotação e

  12. Environmental effects of the TermoPernambuco; Impactos ambientais da TermoPernambuco

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goncalves Filho, Luiz Carlos; Costa, Heitor Scalambrini [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Nucleo de Apoio a Projetos de Energias Renovaveis]. E-mail: naper@ufpe.br

    2006-07-01

    In a world scale, 80% of the total energy consumed by mankind comes fossil fuel (charcoal, petroleum and natural gas). The massive use of that energy resource has lead to the exhaustion of its reserves and has turned itself into a real menace to the environment, as a consequence of the earth global warming (greenhouse effect), of the risk to the public health and of the acidification of the water cycle. Whenever that type of fuel is burned in thermoelectric power plants, in transportation vehicles and in the industry, it liberates highly toxic gases and other pollutants (carbonic gas, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, among others), which are largely the responsible for the mentioned environmental impacts to the point of putting at stake the very survival of the human race. In the context of the Thermoelectricity Priority Program, launched by the federal government in February 24th, 2000 (Decree 3.371), the Pernambuco State Government has authorized the construction of a thermoelectric power plant powered by natural gas - the Thermo Pernambuco - in the harbor region of Suape, with a installed capacity of generating 520 MW. In this work the environmental impacts of the Thermo Pernambuco are shown in which concerns to the production of toxic gases. Those results were obtained through a bibliographic research about similar situations and through the detailed analysis of the EIA/RIMA reports (needed for the complying with the Brazilian environmental laws). We show that that plant will be responsible for a considerable increase in the air pollution. Considering an 80% capacity factor , that is, the power plant operating for 7,000 hours per year, it will send yearly 1.8 million ton of C0{sub 2} (5,000 per day) and 836 ton of No{sub x} (2.3 ton per day). (author)

  13. Distribuição geográfica das pteridófitas ocorrentes no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil Geographic distribution of Pteridophytes occurring in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Iva Carneiro Leão Barros

    1988-12-01

    Full Text Available Apresenta-se um levantamento das espécies de pteridófitas coletadas em cerca de 55 municípios do Estado de Pernambuco, visando ao estudo da distribuição da flora pteridofítica pelas várias zonas fisiográficas. Com este trabalho, aumentou-se o número de espécies de pteridófitas para o Estado, de 121 referidas anteriormente, para 194 espécies, com a freqüência e a dispersão por cada zona fitogeográfica. Das 194 espécies encontradas, três ocorrem na zona do litoral, nenhuma sendo exclusiva desta zona; 162 na subzona de mata úmida, sendo 96 exclusivas da área; 37 na subzona de mata seca, sendo quatro exclusivas da área; 65 na subzona de mata serrana ou brejos de altitude, sendo 16 exclusivas da área; oito na zona das savanas (tabuleiros, ocorrentes em outras zonas fisiográficas; e 26 nas diferentes zonas de caatinga do agreste e sertão. Destas, a espécie Selaginella sellowii Hieron é exclusiva da zona fisiográfica das caatingas, embora Selaginella convoluta (Arn. Spring, apresente sua maior ocorrência nessa zona. As espécies se distribuem pelas famílias Ophioglossaceae, Marattiaceae, Schizaeaceae, Gleicheniaceae, Hymenophyllaceae, Cyatheaceae, Pteridaceae, Vittariaceae, Dennstaedtiaceae, Thelypteridaceae, Dryopteridaceae, Aspleniaceae, Davalliaceae, Blechnaceae, Polypodiaceae, Marsileaceae, Salviniaceae, Psilotaceae, Lycopodiaceae e Selaginellaceae. A espécie de maior distribuição é Anemia tomentosa (Sav. Sw., ocorrendo desde a subzona de mata úmida até a subzona de caatinga do sertão do Jatinã.A survey of the species of Pteridophytes which were collected in about 55 municipalities in the State of Pernambuco was made in order to study the distribution of the pteridophytic flora over several physiographic zones. Through this study, the number of species of Pteridophytes was increased in the State. One hundred and twenty-one species were referred by Pontual. Now, 194 species were presented, including Pontual

  14. Comportamento da pitangueira (Eugenia uniflora L sob irrigação na região do vale do Rio Moxotó, Pernambuco Performance of surinam cherry (Eugenia uniflora L. under irrigation in the Moxotó Valley, Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    João Emmanoel Fernandes Bezerra

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available O cultivo da pitangueira no Nordeste vem crescendo rapidamente devido à utilização do seu fruto pelas indústrias de polpas e sucos; no entanto, a ausência de cultivares adaptadas às condições irrigadas constitui atualmente um dos principais problemas da cultura. O presente trabalho foi conduzido com o objetivo de estudar o comportamento de dez dentre os 85 acessos da Coleção de Germoplasma de Pitangueira do IPA, sob irrigação, em Ibimirim, na região semi-árida de Pernambuco. Foram avaliadas características de crescimento, rendimento e qualidade do fruto de plantas oriundas de "pé-franco" e enxertadas. A pitangueira conduzida sob irrigação mostrou boa adaptação às condições do Vale do Rio Moxotó, tanto para as características de crescimento como de produção e qualidade do fruto. Os acessos mostraram grande variabilidade em relação às características físicas e químicas do fruto. Foram identificados dois acessos promissores ¯ IPA-13.2 e IPA-1.1E ¯, os quais reuniram as melhores características de produção e de qualidade do fruto.Surinam cherry crop is growing fastly in the Northeast region of Brazil due to its fruit uses by the industry in processing juice and pulp. However, one of the main problems of this crop is the lack of an apropriated cultivar adapted to such climate environments and irrigated conditions. This work was carried out aiming to study the performance of ten among 85 Surinam cherry accesses of IPA's germplasm collection cultivated under drip irrigation at the semi-arid region of Pernambuco State. The following characteristics were evaluated: growth, yield and fruit quality of plants originated from seedlings as well as from grafting. Surinam cherry trees have shown good adaptability to such environmental conditions, both in respect to plant growth characteristics as well as to yield and fruit quality. Accesses have shown great variability in relation to physical-chemical characteristics of

  15. Comportamento sexual e contracepção de emergência entre adolescentes de escolas públicas de Pernambuco, Brasil Sexual behavior and emergency contraception among adolescents from public schools in Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Maria Suely Peixoto de Araújo

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar o conhecimento e o uso do contraceptivo de emergência em 4.210 adolescentes (14-19 anos da rede pública estadual de Pernambuco, Brasil. As informações foram coletadas pelo questionário Global School-Based Student Health Survey, previamente validado. Foi investigado o conhecimento, a freqüência e forma de uso do contraceptivo de emergência. As variáveis independentes foram divididas em sócio-demográficas e relacionadas ao comportamento sexual. A maioria dos adolescentes relatou conhecer e já ter recebido informações sobre o método, entretanto dentre os que já utilizaram apenas 22,1% o fez de forma correta. A análise ajustada de regressão evidenciou uma maior chance de conhecer o método entre as moças (OR = 5,03; IC95%: 1,72-14,69 e entre aqueles que já tiveram relação sexual (OR = 1,52; IC95%: 1,34-1,75, enquanto os residentes do interior possuem 68% menos chance. Em relação ao uso, os residentes do interior apresentam 1,68 (OR; IC95%: 1,09-2,25 mais chance de uso incorreto, enquanto as moças apresentam 71% menos chance. São necessárias ações de educação sexual e reprodutiva, sobretudo entre os rapazes e adolescentes do interior.This study focused on knowledge and use of emergency contraception among 4,210 adolescents (14-19 years enrolled in public schools in Pernambuco State, Brazil. Information was collected using the Global School-Based Student Health Survey, previously validated. Knowledge, frequency, and form of use of emergency contraception were investigated. Independent variables were classified as socio-demographic and those related to sexual behavior. Most adolescents reported knowing and having received information about the method, but among those who had already used it, only 22.1% had done so correctly. Adjusted regression analysis showed greater likelihood of knowledge about the method among girls (OR = 5.03; 95%CI: 1.72-14.69 and the sexually initiated (OR = 1

  16. Avaliação do programa de alimentação do trabalhador, no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil An evaluation of the meals program for workers in Pernambuco State Brazil

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    Josenilda Barreto de Moura

    1986-04-01

    Full Text Available Foi avaliado o Programa de Alimentação do Trabalhador (PAT, no que se refere a implantação, funcionamento e resultados em empresas, no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil. O universo pesquisado abrangeu um total de 130 empresas, sendo 85 inscritas no PAT entre 1977 e 1980 e 45 não inscritas. Neste grupo, a coleta de dados limitou-se ao ano de 1980 e teve como finalidade o estabelecimento de parâmetros para avaliar os indicadores de impacto do Programa. A análise dos cardápios sugere que um reduzido percentual de empresas fornece refeições conforme as exigências mínimas de energia e proteína estabelecidas pela Lei 6.321/76, isto é, um mínimo de 1.400 cal e NDpCal% superior a 6. O exame dos indicadores de impacto nas empresas dos dois grupos sugere que o PAT não modificou o número de acidentes de trabalho, condições de saúde e rotatividade dos trabalhadores; tendo apenas influído no absenteísmo.The establishment, implementation and impact of the Meals Program for Worlkers (MPW were evaluated in a total of 130 industries in the state of Pernambuco (Northeast Brazil. Of these, 85 had been enrolled in the Program from 1977 to 1980 (experimental group and 45 had not (control group. The reasons for the implantation or not of the Program, as well as the health conditions, the industrial-accident, absenteeism and turn-over rates among employees, were determined, taking into consideration the economic activity and the size of the industries. In the experimental group the analysis was made from one year before the enrolment in the Program and covered industries which had enjoyed the benefits of 1, 2, 3 or 4 years of fiscal incentive. The data for the control group were collected in 1980 only and were used as a parameter for the evaluation of the impact indicators of the Program. The analysis of the menus suggests that a small number of industries were serving meals in accordance with the minimal amounts of energy and protein recommended by

  17. Isotopic variations ({delta}{sup 13} C and {delta}{sup 18} O) in Siderastrea stellata (Cnidaria-Anthozoa), Itamaraca island, State of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, Valderez P.; Sial, Alcides N. [Pernambuco Univ., Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Geologia. Lab. de Isotopos Estaveis; Mayeal, Elga M.; Exner, Marco Antonio [Pernambuco Univ., Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Zoologia. Lab. de Macro e Megabentos

    1998-12-01

    Isotopic determinations for O and C were performed in coral skeletons collected in beach rocks from two localities (Orange and Catuama), Itamaraca Island, north littoral of the State of pernambuco, northeastern Brazil. Large variations of {delta}{sup 18} O and {delta}{sup 13} C in corals from both localities are found, the largest ones being observed at the Orange locality {delta}{sup 13} C in this locality varies from -0.8 to +1.8% PDB and {delta}{sup 1.8} O from -5.3 to -1.8% PDB, while at the Catuama locality, they vary from -1.8 to 0.1% PDB and -3.8 to -2.7% PDB, respectively. Large variations in {delta}{sup 18} O (up to 2.5%) coupled with weakly defined positive correlation between {delta}{sup 18} O and {delta}{sup 13} C, can be attributed to temperature variations as consequence of climatic perturbations. Temperature estimates, calculated from {delta}{sup 18} O values, assuming isotopic equilibrium with seawater, yield values between 24.9 deg C and 43.1 deg C at Orange, and from 28.4 deg C to 35 deg C at Catuama, all of them (expect one growth band from one sample) are high enough for the full development of the coral colony. Temperature average is 31.4 deg C at Orange, which is a little bit higher than that at Catuama, but both of them indicate thermal stress conditions. In all analyzed specimens, expect for one, at Orange, T increases was accompanied by decreasing in the organic activity, as suggested by corresponding negative {delta}{sup 13} C anomaly. Therefore, the observed bleaching is possibly related to thermal stress and the high T may be related to the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) warning event. On the other hand, anthropogenic action at Orange, local of intense tourism throughout the year, coupled with high rate of sedimentation in the region, may contribute to the observed coral bleaching. (author)

  18. Mulheres vítimas de homicídio em Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, 2009/2010: um estudo descritivo Mujeres víctimas de homicidios en Recife, estado de Pernambuco, Brasil, 2009/2010: un estudio descriptivo Female homicide victims in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, 2009-2010: a descriptive study

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    Gilliatt Hanois Falbo Neto

    2013-02-01

    .This study investigated the epidemiological profile of female homicide victims in Recife, Pernambuco State, Northeast Brazil. An observational descriptive and prospective study included all homicides from March 2009 to February 2010 with female victims from Recife, 10 to 49 years of age. A questionnaire was used to record socioeconomic, demographic, and biological risk factors. Relatives of the victims were interviewed, and data were collected from death certificates. We identified 60 homicides during the study period. Most victims were adult women with brown skin color and low schooling and low income. Other characteristics included smoking in 39.7%, alcohol and illicit drugs in 48.3% and 24.1%, respectively, and physical and/or sexual violence in the 12 months prior to the murder in 29.3%. Firearms were used in 69% of these homicides.

  19. Acanthocollaritrema umbilicatum Travassos, Freitas & Bührnheim, 1965 (Digenea: Acanthocollaritrematidae from the Common Snook, Centropomus undecimalis, from Itamaracá, State of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Ricardo Berteaux Robaldo

    1998-05-01

    Full Text Available Acanthocollaritrema umbilicatum Travassos, Freitas and Bührnheim, 1965, is the only species of Acanthocollaritrematidae described up to the moment. The systematic position of this species and the validity of the family has been questioned by the possible presence of a gonotyl and a genital atrium associated to the acetabulum. In this paper, specimens of this trematode, collected from Centropomus undecimalis cultivated at Itamaracá, State of Pernambuco, northeast Brazil, were studied under optical and scanning electron microscopy, and compared with available sintypes. Gonotyl and genital atrium were not observed and both family and species are considered valid taxonomic entities. A. umbilicatum is redescribed with the adition of new morphological information.

  20. [Prevalence and factors associated with violence suffered by incarcerated women for drug trafficking in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil: a cross-sectional study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Valquíria Pereira; da Silva, Maria Arleide; Noronha Neto, Carlos; Falbo Neto, Gilliatt Hanois; Chaves, Cynthia Vasconcelos; Bello, Rodrigo Pereira

    2014-07-01

    The scope of this study was to estimate the prevalence and factors associated with the violence suffered by women accused of drug trafficking in the 24 months prior to incarceration in the Women's Penal Colony in the State of Pernambuco. A cross-sectional study including 290 women aged 18 and above, with up to twelve months imprisonment, was performed for the data collection period. A questionnaire was applied to research the socioeconomic and demographic variables and the characteristics of violence and drug trafficking. All of the participants signed a consent form. The association between variables and intensity of exposure and response were determined by the chi-square test and the values (p drug trafficking. A high prevalence of some form of violence suffered were observed in the population studied and the partner was the most frequent perpetrator (44.1%), calling for the authorities to pay greater attention in the actions of prevention of such violence.

  1. Levantamento da intensidade da alternariose e da podridão negra em cultivos orgânicos de brássicas em Pernambuco e Santa Catarina Survey of the intensity of Alternaria black spot and black rot on brassica species under organic farming systems in Pernambuco and Santa Catarina states, Brazil

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    Luiz A M Peruch

    2006-12-01

    organic farming systems with different brassicas. High prevalence of the diseases was registered in both states, except on Chinese cabbage in Santa Catarina. Prevalence of Alternaria black spot was 100% on broccoli fields in Pernambuco, as well as on cauliflower in both states, while the black rot reached that level on broccoli and cauliflower fields in Santa Catarina. On the average of the different brassica species, the diseases were more prevalent in Pernambuco than in Santa Catarina. However, when the severity averages of each disease were considered, no significant differences were observed between the two states, although the climatic conditions were highly different. The Alternaria black spot severity varied among the brassica species in Pernambuco, being lower on kale. In Santa Catarina no significant differences were observed among the brassicas species. In relation to the black rot, only in Santa Catarina was there a difference in the disease severity, with the lowest level on Chinese cabbage. No significant correlations were observed either between severity levels of Alternaria black spot and black rot, neither between disease severity and total number of plants or plant age.

  2. Prevalência e fatores associados à obesidade abdominal em indivíduos na faixa etária de 25 a 59 anos do Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil Prevalencia y factores asociados a la obesidad abdominal en individuos en una franja de edad de 25 a 59 años del estado de Pernambuco, Brasil Prevalence of abdominal obesity and associated factors among individuals 25 to 59 years of age in Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Claudia Porto Sabino Pinho

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de estimar a prevalência de obesidade abdominal e avaliar os fatores associados em adultos do Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil, foi realizado, em 2006, um estudo transversal, de base populacional, envolvendo 1.580 indivíduos na faixa etária de 25-59 anos. A obesidade abdominal foi determinada pela circunferência da cintura ≥ 80cm para mulheres e ≥ 94cm para homens. O modelo conceitual considerou variáveis socioeconômicas, demográficas, reprodutivas e comportamentais. A prevalência de obesidade abdominal foi de 27,1% (IC95%: 23,8-30,7 no sexo masculino e 69,9% (IC95%: 66,8-72,8 no feminino (p Con el objetivo de estimar la prevalencia de obesidad abdominal y evaluar los factores asociados en adultos del estado de Pernambuco, Brasil, se realizó, en 2006, un estudio transversal, de base poblacional, involucrando a 1.580 individuos en una franja de edad de 25-59 años. La obesidad abdominal fue determinada por la circunferencia de la cintura ≥ 80cm para mujeres y ≥ 94cm para hombres. El modelo conceptual consideró variables socioeconómicas, demográficas, reproductivas y de comportamiento. La prevalencia de obesidad abdominal fue de un 27,1% (IC95%: 23,8-30,7 en el sexo masculino y un 69,9% (IC95%: 66,8-72,8 en el femenino (p In order to estimate the prevalence of abdominal obesity and associated factors in Pernambuco State, Brazil, a cross-sectional population-based study was conducted in 2006, including 1,580 adults 25 to 59 years of age. Abdominal obesity was defined as waist circumference (WC ≥ 80cm in women and ≥ 94cm in men. The conceptual model included demographic, socioeconomic, reproductive, and behavioral variables. Prevalence of abdominal obesity was 27.1% (95%CI: 23.8-30.7 in males and 69.9% (95%CI: 66.8-72.8 in females (p < 0.001. Multivariate analysis showed higher prevalence in men 50 years or older in the metropolitan area and those with higher income, former smokers, and drinkers. Among women

  3. CHARACTERIZATION AND SELECTION OF NATIVE POPULATIONS OF SOIL RHIZOBIA OF THE SEMI-ARID REGION OF PERNAMBUCO, BRAZIL CARACTERIZAÇÃO E SELEÇÃO DE POPULAÇÕES NATIVAS DE RIZÓBIOS DE SOLO DA REGIÃO SEMI-ÁRIDA DE PERNAMBUCO

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    Maria Luiza Ribeiro Bastos da Silva

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available

    The evaluation of native rhizobia strains potential as related to efficiency, competitiveness, and adaptation in regions subjected to high temperature is important to the study of nitrogen symbiotic fixation. The objective of this research was the morphologic characterization of rhizobia isolated from samples of a red yellow argisol of Serra Talhada municipality, Pernambuco State, Brazil, and selection for high temperature and kanamicina and nalidixic acid antibiotics resistance. The study was carried out at Institute of Agricultural Research of Pernambuco (IPA. The isolates were cultivated in YMA media to evaluate colonie characteristics as acidity or alkalinity production, growing velocity, color, shape and transparency, elevation, and mucus production. All isolates were compared to the standard strain Bradyrhizobium sp. 6145, recommended for cowpea. The morphological and physiological diversity of the isolates enabled the identification of distinct groups. The isolates 1, 2 and 4 presented higher resistance to high temperature and adaptation to survive in regions subjected to thermal stress periods. The isolate 1 showed the highest resistance to tested antibiotics.

    KEY-WORDS: Rhizobia; morphologic characteristics; high temperature.

    A avaliação do potencial de estirpes nativas de rizóbio em relação à eficiência, competitividade e adaptação às regiões sujeitas à alta temperatura é importante no estudo da fixação simbiótica de nitrogênio. O objetivo do trabalho foi efetuar a caracterização morfológica de isolados de rizóbios a partir de amostras de um argissolo vermelho amarelo do Município de Serra Talhada (PE, e selecioná-los quanto a resistente a alta temperatura e aos antibióticos kanamicina e ácido nalidíxico. O estudo foi conduzido na Empresa Pernambucana de

  4. O Pacto pela Vida, os tomadores de decisão e a redução da violência homicida em Pernambuco

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    Jorge Zaverucha

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Entre 2000 e 2012 os homicídios cresceram de forma contínua na Região Nordeste do Brasil. À exceção de Pernambuco, todos os estados nordestinos apresentaram crescimento expressivo nas taxas desse crime. A tese defendida neste artigo é que as práticas de gestão efetuadas na segurança pública pernambucana foram importantes para a redução dos números de homicídios no estado, assim como o papel dos tomadores de decisão na condução do Pacto Pela Vida, programa do governo pernambucano para a área da segurança. A análise mostra que os homicídios diminuíram em Pernambuco em boa medida pela melhoria do papel do Estado em dispositivos de contenção.Between 2000 and 2012 the occurrence of murders increased continuously in the Northeast of Brazil, with all the states of the region except Pernambuco reporting expressive growth in this crime rate. The theory defended in the paper The ‘Pact for Life’ Program, the Decision Makers and the Reduction of Homicidal Violence in Pernambuco is that the public security management practices implemented in Pernambuco have played an important role in reducing the number of murders in the state, as well as the decision makers’ action to develop the Pact for Life, a state governmental security program. The analysis shows that murders were reduced in Pernambuco to a great extent due to the State’s improved role in enforcing containment mechanisms.Keywords: policies, public security, homicides, ‘Pact for Life’ Program, Pernambuco

  5. [Presence of Cryptosporidium spp in children with acute diarrhea in a public daycare center in Recife, State of Pernambuco].

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    Nascimento, Wheverton Ricardo Correia do; Cavalcanti, Isabella Macário Ferro; Irmão, João Inácio; Rocha, Francisca Janaina Soares

    2009-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to analyze the frequency of oocysts of Cryptosporidium spp in fecal samples from children aged one to fourteen years at a public daycare center located in a needy community in the city of Recife, Pernambuco. The investigation was carried out between June 28, 2006, and April 3, 2007, and involved 182 children. Among the samples analyzed, 59 (32.4%) were positive regarding the presence of oocysts of Cryptosporidium spp, and the age group most affected was between three and five years (54.2%). The high frequency of samples positive for Cryptosporidium spp obtained in this study confirms that daycare centers are an environment that favors such occurrences, because of the direct contact between children or between children and staff. The most important infection route for Cryptosporidium spp is person-to-person transmission, which is well illustrated in daycare centers. Immaturity, deficiencies of the immune system and inadequate hygiene habits are factors that also contribute towards this type of infection.

  6. [Prevalence and factors associated with the consumption of fruit and vegetables by adolescents in public schools in Caruaru, Pernambuco state].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muniz, Ludmila Correa; Zanini, Roberta de Vargas; Schneider, Bruna Celestino; Tassitano, Rafael Miranda; Feitosa, Wallacy Milton do Nascimento; González-Chica, David Alejandro

    2013-02-01

    This is a cross-sectional school-based study that evaluated the prevalence and associated factors of the daily intake of fruit and vegetables by adolescents at public schools in Caruaru, Pernambuco. Poisson regression with a hierarchical model, including sociodemographic variables in the first hierarchical level, behavioral variables in the second and diet-related variables in the third was used to assess the factors associated with fruit and vegetable intake. The results showed that of the 600 adolescents interviewed, 10% reported never eating fruit and 30.7% mentioned not eating vegetables. Prevalence of fruit intake was 32.9% and vegetables 29.0%. Only 6.5% reported eating both kinds of food daily. Merely the daily vegetable intake showed a significant difference according to sex (higher among girls). Daily fruit intake was 63% higher among adolescents living in urban areas. Not consuming alcohol was associated with higher fruit intake, though not to vegetable intake. Daily intake of fruits and vegetables was 2.4 times higher among adolescents who consumed rice and beans daily. Daily fruit and vegetable intake among adolescents in Caruaru is below the recommendations, and was associated with gender, residence area, consumption of alcoholic beverages and consumption of rice and beans.

  7. Estudo do polimorfismo genético da αS1-caseína em cabras, no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v29i3.551 Study of the genetic polymorphism of the αS1-casein in goats of Pernambuco State, Brazil - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v29i3.551

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    Aurea Wischral

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O Estado de Pernambuco tem uma vocação pecuária, especialmente, para a exploração de caprinos. Dentre as proteínas, chamadas de caseínas, a αS1-caseína foi a primeira proteína comprovada com base no polimorfismo genético. Objetivando realizar a genotipagem de cabras criadas no sertão, agreste e zona da mata do Estado de Pernambuco, por meio da técnica de PCR-RFLP, estudou-se o polimorfismo do gene da αS1-caseína. Utilizaram-se 60 animais, divididos em três grupos de 20 animais, das raças Moxotó, Alpina Americana e SRD (Sem Raça Definida. A extração do DNA foi realizada com a utilização do protocolo fenol-clorofórmio, e o gene da αS1-caseína foi amplificado por meio da PCR (reação da polimerase em cadeia. Em seguida, foi utilizada a enzima de restrição XmnI para obter a freqüência alélica das raças estudadas. Encontrou-se, nos caprinos, os alelos da αS1-caseína B e D que foram predominantes para a raça nativa Moxotó e animais SRD (100%, e os alelos C e D, para a raça Alpina Americana (100%, concluindo-se que existem variações genéticas para o gene da αS1-caseína do leite das raças caprinas estudadas, embora se evidencie a proximidade genética entre a Moxotó e SRD.The Pernambuco State, has been a livestock area, mainly for the caprine exploration. Among the proteins, called caseins, the αS1-casein was the first proved protein with base in the genetic polymorphism. To genotype goats of the “sertão”, “agreste” and “zona da mata” regions of the Brazilian State of Pernambuco, through the PCR-RFLP technique, we studied the polymorphism of the αS1-casein gene. Sixty animals were used, divided in three groups of twenty animals of the races Moxotó, American Alpine and UB (Undefined Breed. The DNA extraction was done by the phenol-chloroform protocol and the αS1-casein gene was amplified through the PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction. Then, the restriction enzyme XmnI was used to obtain the allele

  8. Sorotipos de Salmonella isolados de processos entéricos humanos em Recife-Pernambuco, durante o triênio 1978-1980 Salmonella serotypes isolated from enteric human cases in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, during 1978-1980

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    Nilma Cintra Leal

    1987-03-01

    Full Text Available De 13.196 coproculturas realizadas durante o triênio 1978-1980 em Recife, Pernambuco, foram isoladas 1.720 salmonelas, das quais 1.387 foram caracterizadas sorologicamente. O estudo global possibilitou o reconhecimento de 63 sorotipos concentrados em primeiro plano no grupo sorológico B (73,18% e identificando-se como tipos mais incidentes: S. typhimurium, S. saint-paul, S. poona, S. derby, S. agona, S. newport, S. oranienburg, S. infantis, S. tshiongwe e S. ndolo, que representaram 1.231 amostras ou 88,75% do total de isolamentos. Algumas considerações de ordem epidemiológica e bacteriológica são discutidas em relação aos quatros sorotipos mais freqüentes.From 13,196 faecal cultures made in Recife-Pernambuco during the period form 1978 to 1980, 1,720 strains of Salmonella were isolated. Serological typing on 1,387 of the isolates recognized 63 serotypes, 73,18% of which belonged to group B. The prevalent serotypes adding up to 1,231 strains (88,75% of the total of the isolats were: S. typhimurium, S. saint-paul, S. poona, S. derby, S. agona, S. newport, S. oraniengurg, S. infantis, S. tshiongwe and S. ndolo. Some epidemiological and bacteriological aspects are discussed regarding the four commonest serotypes.

  9. NOSOLOGY OF HAND DISEASES IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS OPERATED IN PROVISIONAL FACILITIES IN A MODEL HOSPITAL - PERNAMBUCO STATE, BRAZIL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortez, Mauri; Silva, Rui Ferreira da; Gilbert, Alain; Brandt, Carlos Teixeira; Valenti, Philippe

    2010-01-01

    To report the frequencies of congenital hand diseases in patients who underwent surgery on a collective mobilization basis at SOS Hand, Recife, Pernambuco, between 2005 and 2009. Information was collected from 833 children and adolescents who were examined in eight missions. Among the patients, 306 (36.7%) underwent surgery: 240 (78.4%) because of congenital malformation and 66 (21.6%) because of acquired lesions. The most frequent congenital malformations were: syndactyly, 72 cases (30.0%); polydactyly, 30 cases (12.5%); bifid thumb, 19 cases (7.9%); complex hand malformation, 14 cases (5.8%); cleft hand, 13 cases (5.4%); trigger finger, 12 cases (5.0%); camptodactyly, 11 cases (4.6%); and brachysyndactyly, 9 cases (3.7%). The most frequently acquired injuries were: obstetric traumatic lesions, 26 cases (39.4%); hand trauma sequelae, 18 cases (27.3%); cerebral paralysis sequelae, 7 cases (10.6%); electric shock sequelae, 5 cases (7.6%); and burn sequelae, 4 cases (6.1%). The nosology of hand diseases is similar to that of large series of elective surgery, especially regarding congenital deformities. The frequency of acquired hand lesions seems to be higher than the frequency in international series. The collective mobilization system for hand surgery is important for decreasing the need for this activity in public institutions, and it has been shown to be very efficient. The success of the project may provide support for the Brazilian National Health System to enroll hand surgeons in the on-call system, in emergency units.

  10. Molecular epidemiology of livestock rabies viruses isolated in the northeastern Brazilian states of Paraíba and Pernambuco from 2003 - 2009

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    Mochizuki Nobuyuki

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Limited or no epidemiological information has been reported for rabies viruses (RABVs isolated from livestock in the northeastern Brazilian states of Paraíba (PB and Pernambuco (PE. The aim of this study was to clarify the molecular epidemiology of RABVs circulating in livestock, especially cattle, in these areas between 2003 and 2009. Findings Phylogenetic analysis based on 890 nt of the nucleoprotein (N gene revealed that the 52 livestock-derived RABV isolates characterized here belonged to a single lineage. These isolates clustered with a vampire bat-related RABV lineage previously identified in other states in Brazil; within PB and PE, this lineage was divided between the previously characterized main lineage and a novel sub-lineage. Conclusions The occurrences of livestock rabies in PB and PE originated from vampire bat RABVs, and the causative RABV lineage has been circulating in this area of northeastern Brazil for at least 7 years. This distribution pattern may correlate to that of a vampire bat population isolated by geographic barriers.

  11. Evaluation Policy and Integral Education Program in the High School of Pernambuco State Education System: the limits of the centrality of evaluation in education policy

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    Katharine Ninive Pinto Silva

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper aimed at evaluating the results of the relationship between 1. The Educational Responsibility Policy; 2. The Evaluation Policy defined by the Pernambuco State Education System; and 3. The process of implementation of the Integral Education Program (PEI, Brazilian Portuguese abbreviation in High School Reference Institutions (EREMs, Brazilian Portuguese abbreviation and in the State Technical Schools (ETEs, Brazilian Portuguese abbreviation. Based on document and content analyses, a qualitative study was carried out whose data collection instruments were interviews with managers, teachers, students and technicians, along with questionnaires applied to the students. The theoretical background included Freitas (2012, Ravitch (2011, Algebaile (2009, among others. The results revealed that in the PEI implementation process, the evaluation through results is related to command-and-control strategies which broaden and intensify teachers‟ and students‟ school hours, working as a neoliberal and managerial laboratory in education. From this research perspective, the conclusion was that strategies such as increasing the years of study and the school hours disguise problems such as the crisis of structural unemployment and the reduction in investments provided for in social policies as a whole.

  12. ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE AND COMMUNICATION IN QUALITY SERVICE IMPROVEMENT FOR USERS OF THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AT THE STATE SECRETARIAT OF FINANCE OF PERNAMBUCO

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    Clara Emilie Boeckmann

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The State Secretariat of Finance of Pernambuco (SEFAZ, has developed since 1997 an extensive program of modernization, mainly concerning Information Technology (IT, encompassing in its Management Model, the organizational changes that place serious challenges to the management of IT inside SEFAZ, especially regarding the users support. This work has had as main objectives, to identify and to evaluate the existing difficulties concerning IT at SEFAZ, concentrating attention on the users support, focusing the problems in the context of the organizational change and organizational communication. A questionnaire was applied to 120 employees. The results indicated positive scenes of the relation between the users and the IT structure, the satisfaction related to the majority of the evaluated items, including positive pointers of 100%. However, although 92% recognize that IT is very important in the accomplishment of their activities, 68% do not know about the modernization of the change processes, making the process of IT adaptation a difficult task. A plan of management to the users support must be elaborated, including resources that promote a new culture of internal communication and strategies of the organizational change.

  13. Condition factor and carapace width versus wet weight relationship in the swimming crab Callinectes danae Smith 1869 (Decapoda: Portunidae at the Santa Cruz Channel, Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Marina de Sá Leitão Câmara de Araújo

    Full Text Available The present work aims to study the size vs. weight relationship and the condition factor of a commercially important crab, Callinectes danae, from an estuarine complex located at Pernambuco State, Northeastern Brazil. After sampled, the specimens were measured on their carapace width (CW; mm and weighted on their wet weight (WW; g. A total of 1,635individuals of C. danae were analyzed, being 881 males (53.8% and 754 females (46.2%. Males were significantly larger and heavier than females (p < 0.05, the expected pattern to many crabs. The relationship WW vs. CW, described through the potency equation, was allometrically positive for both males (b = 3.12 and females (b = 3.02, a result also observed in other swimming crabs. The mean condition factor of males was 8.0 10-5 ± 1.5 10-5, and that of females was 11.5 10-5 ± 2.8 10-5, being significantly higher in females (p < 0.05, due to the fact that female gonads are heavier than that of males. The condition factor oscillated throughout the sampling year, for both sexes, which was related to the reproductive cycle.

  14. Etiology, antimicrobial susceptibility profile of Staphylococcus spp. and risk factors associated with bovine mastitis in the states of Bahia and Pernambuco

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    Carina C. Krewer

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper was to study the etiology of mastitis, determine the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of Staphylococcus spp. and to identify the risk factors associated with infection in dairy cows in the states of Bahia and Pernambuco, Brazil. From the 2,064 milk samples analyzed, 2.6% were associated with cases of clinical mastitis and 28.2% with subclinical mastitis. In the microbiological culture, Staphylococcus spp. (49.1% and Corynebacterium spp. (35.3% were the main agents found, followed by Prototheca spp. (4.6% and Gram negative bacilli (3.6%. In the antimicrobial susceptibility testing, all 218 Staphylococcus spp. were susceptible to rifampicin and the least effective drug was amoxicillin (32.6%. Multidrug resistance to three or more drugs was observed in 65.6% of Staphylococcus spp. The risk factors identified for mastitis were the extensive production system, not providing feed supplements, teat drying process, not disinfecting the teats before and after milking, and inadequate hygiene habits of the milking workers. The presence of multiresistant isolates in bovine milk demonstrates the importance of the choice and appropriate use of antimicrobial agents. Prophylactic and control measures, including teat antisepsis and best practices for achieving hygienic milking should be established in order to prevent new cases of the disease in herds.

  15. A list of mosquito species of the Brazilian State of Pernambuco, including the first report of Haemagogus janthinomys (Diptera: Culicidae, yellow fever vector and 14 other species (Diptera: Culicidae Lista de espécies de mosquitos do Estado de Pernambuco e primeiro relato de Haemagogus janthinomys (Diptera: Culicidae vetor de febre amarela silvestre e outras 14 espécies (Diptera: Culicidae

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    Nádia Consuelo Aragão

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Besides mosquito species adapted to urban environments (Culex quinquefasciatus, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, only 15 species of Anopheles had been recorded in the State of Pernambuco. METHODS: Human-landing mosquitoes were collected in Dois Irmãos Park, in Recife. RESULTS: The first report for the state of Haemagogus janthinomys, an important vector of yellow fever virus, and 14 other species, including Trichoprosopon lampropus, a first reported for Brazil. CONCLUSIONS: The mosquito fauna in the area is diversified and has potential medical and veterinary importance.INTRODUÇÃO: Além de mosquitos adaptados ao ambiente urbano (Culex quinquefasciatus, Aedes aegypti e Ae. albopictus, apenas 15 espécies de Anopheles haviam sido relatadas no Estado de Pernambuco. MÉTODOS: Mosquitos que pousavam em humanos no Parque Dois Irmãos, em Recife foram coletados. RESULTADOS: Haemagogus janthinomys, importante vetor de vírus de febre amarela, e outras 14 espécies são relatadas pela primeira vez no estado, incluindo Trichoprosopon lampropus, relatado pela primeira vez no Brasil. CONCLUSÕES: A fauna de mosquitos na área é muito diversificada e tem potencial importância médica e veterinária.

  16. EFICÁCIA DA MOXIDECTINA, IVERMECTINA E ALBENDAZOLE CONTRA HELMINTOS GASTRINTESTINAIS EM PROPRIEDADES DE CRIAÇÃO CAPRINA E OVINA NO ESTADO DE PERNAMBUCO EFFICACY OF MOXIDECTIN, IVERMECTIN AND ALBENDAZOL AGAINST GASTROINTESTINAL HELMINTHS IN GOAT AND SHEEP FARMS FROM PERNAMBUCO STATE, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leucio Câmara Alves

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available

    valiou-se a eficácia de produtos anti-helmínticos à base de moxidectina, ivermectina e albendazole em propriedades de criação caprina e ovina, localizadas em municípios pertencentes ao estado de Pernambuco. Os animais eram de ambos os sexos, idades e raças variadas, criados em sistema semi-intensivo e intensivo. A eficácia dos produtos foi avaliada pelo teste de redução do número de ovos por grama de fezes e calculada pela fórmula: %eficácia = 1- [(OPG médio pós-tratamento/OPG médio antes do tratamento] x 100, indicando ineficácia com índice inferior a 95%. A moxidectina mostrou-se eficiente tanto em propriedade de criação caprina como ovina, a ivermectina apresentou melhor desempenho nos ovinos, enquanto o albendazole não foi eficaz para nenhuma das duas espécies. O gênero Haemonchus foi o mais prevalente nas coproculturas.

    PALAVRAS-CHAVES: Anti-helmíntico, caprino, ovino, Pernambuco, resistência.

    Anthelmintic products efficacy was evaluated within goat and sheep herds in municipalities belonging to the state of Pernambuco, Brazil.  The animals were male and female of various ages and breeds, reared under semi-intensive and intensive system. The effectiveness of Moxidectin, ivermectin and albendazole drugs was detected using the fecal egg count reduction test (FECRT, calculated by the formula: %efficacy = 1 - [(Mean FEC post-treatment/Mean FEC pre-treatment] x 100, indicating inefficiency with index lower than 95%. Moxidectin was efficient in sheep and goat herds, ivermectin showed better performance in sheep, while albendazole was not effective for either species. Haemonchus sp. was the most prevalent in larval culture.

    KEY WORDS: Anthelmintic, caprine, ovine, Pernambuco-Brasil, resistence, sheep.

  17. Region 7 States

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — NAVTEQ Administrative Area Boundaries 2 (State Boundaries) for the United States. This layer is used for map visualisation. This dataset is a subset of the full...

  18. Variabilidade espaço-temporal da condutividade elétrica da água subterrânea na região semiárida de Pernambuco Spatial temporal variability of electrical conductivity of groundwater in the semiarid region of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Tafnes S. Andrade

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Quando mal-conduzida, a irrigação pode causar degradação dos solos e da água subterrânea, por potencializar o risco de salinização. Este problema é mais evidente em regiões semiáridas, nas quais as características físico-climáticas contribuem para seu agravamento. Uma das variáveis mais utilizadas para avaliar a concentração de sais solúveis na água de irrigação e no solo, é a condutividade elétrica. Neste trabalho, buscou-se avaliar a variabilidade espacial e temporal da condutividade elétrica da água subterrânea utilizada para irrigação em um assentamento rural, no semiárido pernambucano. Técnicas estatísticas descritivas e geoestatísticas foram aplicadas para identificação dos padrões de variabilidade e dependência espacial da condutividade elétrica, visando ao mapeamento da salinidade da água subterrânea. Verificou-se que a condutividade elétrica possui variabilidade média a alta, com dependência espacial moderada, em que a textura do solo e o regime pluviométrico influenciam na variação espacial e temporal da condutividade elétrica, que vem aumentando ao longo dos anos, na área estudada.ABSTRACT Irrigation, when poorly managed, can cause soil and groundwater degradation by increasing the salinization risk. This problem is evident in semiarid regions, where the physico-climatic characteristics contribute to enhance the problem. One of the main variables used to measure the soluble salts concentration in irrigation water and soil is the electrical conductivity. This work aimed to evaluate the spatial and temporal variability of electrical conductivity of groundwater for irrigation in a semiarid rural settlement in the State of Pernambuco. Descriptive statistics and geostatistical techniques have been applied to identify patterns of variability and spatial dependence of electrical conductivity aiming to map the groundwater salinity. It was found that the electrical conductivity has medium

  19. USE OF THE DE LIOCOURT QUOTIENT IN THE EVALUATION OF THE DIAMETRIC DISTRIBUTION IN FRAGMENTS OF OMBROPHYLOUS FOREST, PERNAMBUCO STATE-BRAZIL

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    Francisco Tarcísio Alves Junior

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Great part of the biodiversity of the ecosystem of tropical forests is being lost even before we have full knowledge of its natural wealth, making it important perform studies that can provide knowledge and the maintenance of its structure, besides making possible the exploration of its products, goods and/or services in a planned and rational form, guaranteeing the continuous flow of these resources. The general objective of this study was to use the De Liocourt quotient in the evaluation of the diametric distribution in fragments of Ombrophylous Forest located in the city of Catende, Pernambuco state - Brazil, having as specific objectives: to describe the diametric structure of the fragments and the species of greater importance using the Value of Importance Index (VI; and to evaluate the degradation and the state of succession of the studied areas. The diametric distribution revealed uneven-aged forests as the diametric curve of distribution resembled a reverse J-shape. The values of basal area in the fragments were of 23.6 and 20.9 m2.ha-1, for Mata das Caldeiras and Mata das Galinhas. The fragments were, on average, in the secondary period of succession. Some species presented difficulties in the rate of recruitment, which could lead to the extinguishing of some species in the future. Species, such as Tapirira guianensis Aubl., Dialium guianense (Aubl. Sandwith and Brosimum discolor Schott, demonstrated a distinct diametric structure among the fragments. The species Plathymenia foliolosa Benth. presented accented discontinuities in the diametric structure in both areas.

  20. Activity concentrations of {sup 238}U and {sup 226}Ra in scales formed on pipes of industrial boilers in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poggi, Claudia M.B.; Farias, Emerson E.G. de, E-mail: claudiapoggi04@gmail.com, E-mail: emersonemiliano@yahoo.com.br [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Departamento de Energia Nuclear; Franca, Elvis J.; Hazin, Clovis A., E-mail: chazin@cnen.gov.br [Centro Regional de Ciencias Nucleares do Nordeste (CRCN-NE/CNEN-PE), Recife, PE (Brazil); Gazineu, Maria H.P., E-mail: helena@unicap.br [Universidade Catolica de Pernambuco (UNICAP), Recife, PE (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias e Tecnologia

    2015-07-01

    The procedures employed in the industry can generate significant amounts of solid, liquid and gaseous wastes that usually contain toxic or materials of difficulty degradation. One of the facts that contribute to the formation of such wastes is the generation of steam used in operating processes and industry segments. Currently, steam supplied by boilers is the most economical and practical mode of heat transfer in industrial processes. Due to the high temperature of water used in these processes, compounds which were previously soluble become insoluble, generating residues called scales. This material, which contains stable ions, can also present naturally occurring radionuclides such as {sup 238}U and {sup 226}Ra, which concentrate over time in piping and equipment surfaces. If not disposed correctly, this material also can contaminate the environment. The main origin of these radionuclides is the use of groundwater in industrial processes. Thus, in regions of naturally enriched in radionuclides such as the Region of Pernambuco, including the municipalities of Paulista and Goiana, there is a greater possibility of radioactive scale formation. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the activity concentrations of {sup 238}U and {sup 226}Ra present in the solid wastes generated by industries situated in Paulista and Goiana, in order to assess radionuclide disequilibrium. For the sake of comparison, scale samples collected from industries located in the municipality of Caruaru, far from the previous municipalities, were also analyzed. The determination of the activity concentrations for {sup 238}U and {sup 226}Ra was performed by High Resolution Gamma-Ray Spectrometry. Samples were collected, prepared, packed in plastic containers and set aside for a minimum time of 21 days, for the secular equilibrium to occur between {sup 226}Ra and its short lived descendants. The counting time was 80,000 seconds. Gamma energies used for determination of activity concentrations

  1. Características clínicas da doença diarréica em lactentes na Zona da Mata Meridional do estado de Pernambuco Clinical characteristics of diarrheal disease in suckling children in the Zona da Mata Meridional in the State of Pernambuco

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    Giselia Alves Pontes da Silva

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: descrever as características clínicas dos episódios diarréicos apresentados por um grupo de crianças residentes na Zona da Mata Meridional do estado de Pernambuco nos primeiros seis meses de vida. MÉTODOS: o desenho do estudo é uma série de casos dele fazem parte todas as crianças acompanhadas dentro de um estudo de coorte realizado em quatro cidades da Zona da Mata Meridional do estado de Pernambuco e que durante o período de observação apresentaram pelo menos um episódio de doença diarréica. RESULTADOS: foram acompanhados 264 episódios de doença diarréica, que ocorreram em 239 crianças. A duração dos episódios variou entre um e 31 dias, sendo a mediana de dois dias e a moda de um dia. Um total de 93,5% dos episódios se auto-limitou em até sete dias. A maioria das crianças apresentou um episódio de diarréia durante o período de observação. Houve necessidade de hospitalização em 18 episódios (6,8%. Não foi observado nenhum óbito. CONCLUSÕES: a evolução clínica da doença diarréica quando estudada na comunidade é benigna, com episódios diarréicos de curta duração e levando a baixos índices de hospitalização.OBJECTIVES: to describe clinical characteristics of diarrhea episodes in a group of children residing in the Zona da Mata Meridional in the State of Pernambuco during the first six months of life. METHODS: the study's design is a case series comprising all children followed-up within a cohort study accomplished in four cities of the Zona da Mata Meridional of the State of Pernambuco who during observation had at least one episode of diarrheal disease. RESULTS: 264 episodes of diarrhea were followed-up in 239 children. The episodes lasted between one and 31 days, with the median of two days and the mode of one day. 93,5% of the episodes were self-limited to seven days. The majority of the children had one diarrhea episode during observation. Hospitalization was required in 18 episodes

  2. Conhecimento botânico tradicional e conservação em uma área de caatinga no estado de Pernambuco, Nordeste do Brasil Traditional botanical knowledge and conservation in an area of caatinga in Pernambuco state, Northeast Brazil

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    Ulysses Paulino de Albuquerque

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available No presente trabalho, sintetiza-se algumas informações sobre o conhecimento botânico tradicional em uma comunidade rural situada no município de Alagoinha, agreste do estado de Pernambuco, como parte de um projeto etnobotânico desenvolvido na região. Utilizou-se uma boa variedade de métodos de pesquisa, incluindo levantamentos florísticos em sistemas agroflorestais e em vegetação natural. As pessoas identificam e/ou usam mais de 108 espécies de plantas distribuídas em 10 categorias: comida, medicinal, madeira (para combustível, construção etc, uso doméstico (tecnologia, forragem, veneno, repelente de inseto, ornamentação, sombra e místico. Discute-se as formas como os recursos da floresta estacional são utilizados e manejados, e a implicação disso na conservação da caatinga.In this paper we synthesized information on the traditional botanical knowledge of a rural community in the municipal district of Alagoinha, Pernambuco state, as part of an ethnobotanical project developed in the area. We used a variety of research methods, including floristic surveys in agroforestry systems (homegardens and in the natural vegetation. People identify and use over 108 plant species distributed in 10 categories: food, medicinal, wood (for fuel, construction etc, domestic use (technology, forage, poison, insect repellent, ornamental, shade and mystic. This work discusses the ways by which the forest resources are used and managed, and the implications for conservation of the caatinga.

  3. Participation in nighttime activities in the genesis of depression in public school teachers from the State of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Francisca Maria da Silva Correia

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Teachers often undertake nighttime work involving exam corrections, projects and devising lesson plans in their homes. Many present excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS and depression. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate EDS and depression in teachers from public schools. Methods: 201 female teachers were evaluated in the district of Quipapá/PE, Brazil. Among the study sample, 38 working 1 shift (CONTROL 1, 40 working 2 shifts (CONTROL 2 and 123 working 3 shifts (WTeachers-3T. The subjects were submitted to evaluation by the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI.The EDS data were analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis test with Dunn's multiple comparison, p<0.05 and expressed in MEDIAN (MINIMUM - MAXIMUM whereas the depression data were analyzed by the Chi-square test, with p<0.05, expressed in percentage. Results: WTeachers-3T presented excessive daytime sleepiness and higher rates of mild (24% and moderate (37% depression compared to controls - Control 1: mild (8% and moderate (11% - Control 2: mild (5% and moderate (15%. Conclusion: This study found that teachers in the Quipapá municipality of Penambuco state working three shifts showed excessive daytime sleepiness and a higher percentage of mild and moderate depression compared to teachers working only one (1 or two (2 shifts.

  4. Zootherapy in Recife (Pernambuco, Brasil: articulating history and practice

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    Argus Vasconcelos de Almeida

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available The use of animals in therapeutic practices has been a reality throughout human history, although it is not yet a well understood phenomenon. The main objective of this study was to describe and analyze the use of medicinal fauna in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil. Many aspects were taken into account, such as the identification of the animals used, preparation of the zootherapeutic products, and the articulation between current popular practices and the history of zootherapy in the region. Data were collected through semi-structured, open-ended interviews conducted with folk specialists in three public markets of Recife. For purposes of historical revision, data were also taken from the books written by two naturalists who lived in Pernambuco during the Dutch occupation: Guilherme Piso and Jorge Marcgrave. During the survey in public markets, 18 ethnotaxonomic categories of animals were found to be in current use for the treatment of 12 diseases, according to the popular medicinal diagnosis. In these cases, the prescriptions were characterized by dosage recommendation, association with plant products, and certain cultural rules. Among these 18 ethnocategories, 9 were similar to those used in the 17th century. These were used, during the Dutch occupation, for the preparation of 9 different kinds of medicines, which treated 10 diseases. Nevertheless, in most cases the current popular prescriptions differ from those reported in the colonial period. The results show the strong persistence of zootherapy in the region, since the reported diseases take part in the daily life of poor local people. Further studies on this body of knowledge, beliefs and popular practices may be a helpful tool for medical and pharmaceutical investigations, as well as for a better understanding of the interaction between local people and natural resources and conservation, in a historical perspective.

  5. O Crescimento de Plantas de Imbuzeiro (Spondias tuberosa ARRUDA) no semiárido de Pernambuco

    OpenAIRE

    Nilton de Brito Cavalcanti; Geraldo Milanez de Resende; Luiza Teixeira Brito

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the growth the imbu (Spondias tuberosa Arruda) is a native plants of the semi-arid region of the Brazilian Northeast, Brazil, and the 10 years. The study was conducted in the Caatinga Experimental Station, Embrapa Semi-Arid, Petrolina, and Pernambuco State, Brazil during the 1997 and 2007. The average height of the plants in the first one and the tenth year had been of 70.81 and 258.27 cm. The basal diameter and the circumference of stalk to the le...

  6. Mineralogia, micromorfologia e gênese de solos planossólicos do Sertão do Araripe, estado de Pernambuco Mineralogy, micromorphology and genesis of soils with stagnic properties from Sertão of Araripe, Pernambuco State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. B. Oliveira

    2004-08-01

    muitos argilãs de iluviação, e a ausência de características que evidenciem mobilização de argila do Bt precedente revelam uma paleopedogênese para o solo. Estes resultados indicam que os solos foram desenvolvidos em duas etapas. As rochas do embasamento cristalino sofreram uma primeira pedogênese, da qual o marco atual de evidência é a camada de litofragmentos, em sua maioria arestados, que ocorre no topo do B plânico, e que foi, provavelmente, acumulada pela erosão diferencial, formando um pavimento desértico. Posteriormente, os solos foram recobertos por camadas de sedimentos intemperizados, relacionados com a Chapada do Araripe, que se misturaram, em proporções variadas, ao material já edafizado das rochas do embasamento. Estes materiais estão, desde sua deposição, sendo retrabalhados pelos processos pedogenéticos atuais.The objective of the present study was to characterize the mineralogy and micromorphology of soils with stagnic properties from the micro region of Araripina, in the Sertão Zone of Pernambuco State aiming to improve the understanding of their properties and pedogenic processes. Up to now, these soils have been poorly studied. They are characterized by the presence of a solodic or natric B horizon underlying a normal argic B horizon. Three representative soil profiles were selected in Ouricuri County. According to the World Reference Base for Soil Resources they are classified as: Natric Stagnic Sesquisol (profile 1; Solodic Stagnic Lixisol (profile 2, and Plinthic Stagnic Lixisol (profile 3. The mineralogy of the coarse fractions was determined macroscopically or by using a binocular magnifying lens, while the silt and clay fractions were analyzed by X-ray diffraction. Selected horizons were micromorphologically described based on thin soil sections. The sand fraction of the studied soils is essentially composed by quartz, but feldspars and micas were also detected in the 2Btbn horizons. The silt fraction contains mostly quartz

  7. Evaluation of radiodiagnostic equipment in the city of Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil; Avaliacao dos equipamentos de radiodiagnostico da cidade do Recife

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Passos, Robson S.; Khoury, Helen J.; Antonino, Paulo D.; Hazin, Clovis A. [Pernambuco Univ., Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Energia Nuclear

    1996-12-31

    The preliminary results of a survey aiming to determine the working conditions of X-ray units operating in hospitals and clinics in the city of Recife, Pernambuco (Brazil) are presented. The results show the discrepancy between the light field and X-ray field - from 1 to 2% in 78% of the equipment tested. The results also show that there is only a fair accuracy regarding to kilo voltage and irradiation time. The discrepancy between the pre-set time and the actual irradiation time was higher than 10% in 84.6% of the cases 4 refs., 1 fig.

  8. Confiabilidade dos dados relativos ao cumprimento da Emenda Constitucional nº. 29 declarados ao Sistema de Informações sobre Orçamentos Públicos em Saúde pelos municípios de Pernambuco, Brasil Reliability of data on compliance with Constitutional Amendment 29 reported to the Public Healthcare Budget Information System by municipalities in Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Rogério Fabiano Gonçalves

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O estudo analisa a confiabilidade dos dados relativos ao cumprimento da Emenda Constitucional nº. 29 (EC29 declarados ao Sistema de Informações sobre Orçamentos Públicos em Saúde (SIOPS pelos municípios de Pernambuco, Brasil. Configura-se como um estudo quantitativo, do tipo transversal e de caráter analítico, tendo como referência o período de 2000 a 2005. Os demonstrativos contábeis auditados pelo Tribunal de Contas do Estado (TCE foram tomados como parâmetro para verificar a confiabilidade dos percentuais de aplicação da EC29 declarados ao SIOPS, sendo utilizado o coeficiente de correlação intraclasses (CCI como prova estatística na medição da concordância dos dados. Os resultados demonstram a dissonância existente entre as bases consultadas, sugerindo um nível de concordância discreto a moderado entre os dados do SIOPS e do TCE. A baixa concordância identificada pode ser decorrente da falta de consenso pelos municípios acerca da composição das receitas e despesas vinculadas à saúde ou da existência de critérios diferentes no cálculo da EC29 entre o SIOPS e a auditoria do TCE.The present study analyzes the reliability of data on compliance with Constitutional Amendment 29 (CA29 reported to the Public Healthcare Budget Information System (known as SIOPS by municipalities in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. A quantitative, analytical cross-sectional study was conducted using the years 2000 to 2005 as the reference. Invoices audited by the State Accounts Court were used as the parameter for determining reliability of the percentage of compliance with CA29 as reported to SIOPS, using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC to measure data agreement. The results show a mismatch between the databases, suggesting slight to moderate agreement between the SIOPS data and those from the State Accounts Court. The low degree of agreement may result from lack of consensus among municipalities regarding definition of

  9. Contribution to the study of pteridophytes of the Serra do Urubú, Maraial municipality, Pernambuco state, Northeastern Brazil (Marattiaceae-Vittariaceae

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    Carneiro Leao Barros, Iva

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study of the pteridophytes of six families collected in one of the few remaining fragments of atlantic forest in Pernambuco, NE Brazil. 22 species of 13 genera are recorded most of which live on the ground in shady hollows. The specimens are deposited in the EAN, IPA, UFP and PEUFR herbaria.En el presente trabajo se estudian los pteridófitos de las familias Marattiaceae, Schizaeaceae, Gleicheniaceae, Cyatheaceae, Pteridaceae y Vittariaceae, colectados en uno de los pocos testimonios de selva fragmentada montana, llamada "floresta atlántica", en la Serra do Urubú, Mata do Ageró, municipio de Maraial, estado de Pernambuco, en el NE de Brasil. Se citan, para las seis familias mencionadas, 22 especies incluidas en 13 géneros, las que preferentemente viven como terrícolas en taludes y barrancos sombríos. Los pliegos están depositados en los herbarios EAN, IPA, UFP y PEUFR.

  10. Human exposure to potential rabies virus transmitters in Olinda, State of Pernambuco, between 2002 and 2006 Exposição humana a potenciais transmissores do vírus rábico em Olinda, Estado de Pernambuco, entre 2002 e 2006

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    Filipe Dantas-Torres

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to evaluate the data on human exposure to potential rabies virus transmitters in Olinda, State of Pernambuco, Brazil. Data from 7,062 patients who underwent antirabies prophylactic treatment in Olinda between 2002 and 2006 were analyzed. As expected, dogs and cats were involved in most of the cases; i.e. 82.3 and 16.3%, respectively. Attacks by nonhuman primates, bats and other species (unspecified were also reported. Among the 7,062 patients who underwent antirabies treatment, 582 patients abandoned the treatment, either by indication from the health unit (195 or by their own decision (387. In conclusion, this study has indicated that prophylaxis for human rabies in this urban area will require a multifaceted approach, including health education, post-exposure prophylaxis, systematic vaccination for dogs and cats, and possibly selective control over wild animals such as hematophagous bats.O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os dados sobre a exposição humana a potenciais transmissores do vírus rábico em Olinda, Pernambuco, Brasil. Foram analisados dados de 7.062 pacientes submetidos ao tratamento anti-rábico em Olinda entre 2002 e 2006. Como esperado, cães e gatos estiveram envolvidos na maioria dos casos; isto é, 82,3 e 16,3%, respectivamente. Ataques por primatas não-humanos, morcegos e outras espécies (não especificadas também foram relatadas. Dos 7.062 pacientes submetidos ao tratamento anti-rábico, 582 abandonaram o tratamento, seja por indicação da unidade de saúde (195 ou por decisão própria (387. Concluindo, esse estudo indica que a profilaxia da raiva humana nessa área urbana irá requer uma abordagem multifacetada, incluindo educação em saúde, profilaxia pós-exposição, vacinação sistemática de cães e gatos e, eventualmente, o controle seletivo de animais silvestres, tais como morcegos hematófagos.

  11. Uso de funções de covariância na descrição do crescimento de bovinos Nelore criados no estado de Pernambuco Use of covariance functions to describe the growth curve of Nelore cattle, in Pernambuco State, Northeastern Brazil

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    Kleber Régis Santoro

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi realizado com os objetivos de avaliar diferentes modelos de regressão aleatória, compostos por polinômios de Legendre, utilizados na descrição de efeitos genéticos e ambientais sobre observações do tipo peso-idade e identificar o mais adequado. Analisaram-se dados de peso-idade de bovinos Nelore, nascidos e criados no estado de Pernambuco, com pesagens ao nascimento e em intervalos de, aproximadamente, 90 dias até 720 dias de idade. Foram avaliados seis diferentes modelos de regressão aleatória, com comportamento de graus 3, 4 e 5 para os efeitos genético aditivo direto e de ambiente permanente, e dois tipos de comportamento para os erros (um homogêneo e outro heterogêneo com três classes. Utilizou-se o critério de informação de Akaike no julgamento do melhor modelo. O modelo mais adequado foi o de grau 5 com erros homogêneos. O comportamento predito pelo modelo para as correlações genéticas e fenotípicas foram baixos entre idades menores e maiores, altas e aproximadamente constantes para entre idades maiores. A covariância genética aditiva foi crescente com a idade. A herdabilidade esteve de baixa à média até aproximadamente 60 dias, sendo alta para as demais idades, ficando entre 0,50 e 0,60.Random regression models using Legendre polynomials were used to describe the growth curve of Nelore cattle weighted every three months from birth to 720 days of age, in Pernambuco state, northeastern Brazil. Six different random regression models using Legendre polynomials of three, four, and five degrees to model additive genetic and permanent environmental effects, under homogeneous and heterogeneous residual variances with three classes were evaluated. According to the Akaike's information criteria, the five degree Legendre polynomial with homogeneous error was the best fitting model. Genetic and phenotypic correlations were low between weights at early and late stages of the weighting period, and high and

  12. Prevalência e fatores associados ao sobrepeso e à obesidade em adolescentes, estudantes de escolas de Ensino Médio de Pernambuco, Brasil Prevalence of overweight and obesity and associated factors among public high school students in Pernambuco State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Miranda Tassitano

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a associação entre fatores demográficos, sócio-econômicos, escolares e comportamentais e a prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade em adolescentes. A amostra foi constituída por 4.210 estudantes (14-19 anos da rede pública estadual em Pernambuco, Brasil, selecionados mediante amostragem por conglomerados em dois estágios. Além das medidas antropométricas, dados pessoais e comportamentais foram coletadas usando o Global School-Based Health Survey. Pontos de corte utilizados para classificação dos casos de sobrepeso e obesidade foram os propostos pelo International Obesity Task Force. A prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade foi 11,5% (IC95%: 10,7-12,8 e 2,4% (IC95%: 1,9-2,9, respectivamente. Verificou-se maior risco de sobrepeso e obesidade entre rapazes que residiam em áreas urbanas e que não participavam das aulas de educação física. Entre as moças, assistir à televisão três horas ou mais foi fator associado à ocorrência de obesidade. Redução do tempo de televisão e participação nas aulas de educação física podem ser ações efetivas no enfrentamento da epidemia da obesidade.This study aims to analyze the association between demographic, socioeconomic, school-related, and behavioral factors and overweight and obesity in adolescents. The sample included 4,210 public high school students (14-19 years old in Pernambuco State, Brazil, selected by two-stage cluster sampling. Obesity and overweight were assessed using anthropometric measurements, and the Global School-Based Health Survey was used to collect personal and behavioral data. The cutoff points for defining overweight and obesity were those recommended by the International Obesity Task Force. Prevalence rates for overweight and obesity were 11.5% (95%CI: 10.7-12.8 and 2.4% (95%CI: 1.9-2.9, respectively. Overweight and obesity were more common in males who reported residing in urban areas and were not enrolled in physical

  13. Prevalência de hipertensão arterial e fatores associados em estudantes de Ensino Médio de escolas públicas da Região Metropolitana do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, 2006 Prevalence of high blood pressure and associated factors in students from public schools in Greater Metropolitan Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, 2006

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    Betânia da Mata Ribeiro Gomes

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar a prevalência de hipertensão arterial sistêmica e fatores associados à saúde em adolescentes, por meio de estudo epidemiológico transversal de base populacional, realizado no período de abril a setembro de 2006, empregando amostragem estratificada segundo porte da escola e turnos. Utilizando-se o questionário Global School-based Student Health Survey, 1.878 estudantes de 29 escolas públicas da Região Metropolitana do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, foram investigados quanto a: idade; sexo; índice de massa corporal; consumo de frutas, verduras, álcool e tabaco; e pressão arterial, admitindo os parâmetros da Task Force Report on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescent, de 1996, para pressão arterial, do Centers for Disease Control and Prevention para estado nutricional. As prevalências de hipertensão arterial (medida apenas uma vez, sobrepeso e obesidade igualaram-se a 17,3%, 6,9% e 3,7%, respectivamente. Comportaram-se como fatores associados para hipertensão arterial: sexo masculino, obesidade, sobrepeso e falta de atividade física. Concluiu-se que o conhecimento dos fatores associados para hipertensão arterial em adolescentes poderá subsidiar campanhas de educação para a saúde.The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of systemic arterial hypertension (high blood pressure and associated health factors in adolescents, using a cross-sectional, population-based, epidemiological design from April to September 2006, within a stratified sample according to school size and shift. Using the Portuguese version of the Global School-Based Student Health Survey questionnaire, 1,878 students from 29 public schools in Greater Metropolitan Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, were analyzed for: age, gender, body mass index, fruit, vegetable, alcohol, and tobacco consumption, as well as blood pressure, adopting the 1996 Task Force Report on High Blood Pressure in Children and

  14. Adsorção de fósforo em dez solos do Estado de Pernambuco e suas relações com parâmetros físicos e químicos = Phosphorus adsorption in ten soils from Pernambuco State and its relations with physical and chemical parameters

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    Rossini Mattos Corrêa

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Um experimento foi conduzido para estudar a adsorção de fósforo (P emamostras de dez solos do Estado de Pernambuco, Nordeste do Brasil. As relações entre atributos físicos e químicos do solo e as isotermas de adsorção de P foram também avaliadas. Os resultados mostraram que a capacidade máxima de adsorção de fosfato (CMAP, o P-remanescente (P-rem e a constante k de da equação Freundlich são variáveis confiáveis para se caracterizar a adsorção de P pelos solos. Pela sua praticidade de determinação, o Prem é a variável mais indicada. Os parâmetros de adsorção de P CMAP, P-rem e constante k de Freundlich apresentaram correlação (p An experiment was carried out to study phosphorus (P adsorption in ten soil samples from Pernambuco State, Northeastern Brazil. The relationship between physical and chemical soil attributes and P adsorption isotherms were also evaluated. The results showed that maximum phosphorus adsorption capacity (MPAC, remaining P (Rem-P and the k constant of the Freundlich equation are reliable variables to characterize P adsorption by the soils. Due to its easy determination, Rem-P is the best indicated variable. The parameters of P adsorption MPAC, Rem-P and the k constant of the Freundlich equation showed correlation (p < 0.01 with the chemical attributes potential acidity (H+Al, exchangeable aluminum (Al, exchangeable cation capacity (ECC and with the physical attributes clay and field capacity (FC. The variables FC, Rem-P, H+Al, Al, ECC and clay, among the chemical and physical attributes evaluated, allowed estimating the MPAC value on the studied soils. The P adsorption energy and the n constant of the Freundlich isotherm were not reliable indicators of the P soil adsorption power.

  15. Physical abuse of older people reported at the Institute of Forensic Medicine in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil A violência física contra a pessoa idosa revelada em serviço médico-legal, Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Marcella de Brito Abath

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the profile of physical abuse against older people who underwent forensic examination at the Institute of Forensic Medicine in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil. The cases, with data from 1,027 forensic reports, were described according to characteristics of the incident, victim, and aggressor. Most cases of violence were produced by mechanical energy, either with blunt objects or by empty-handed attack; the most common day of the week was Sunday, most frequently in the evening, and in the victim's home; typical cases involved mild injuries on more than one part of the victim's body. The majority of the victims were men, 60 to 69 years of age, brown (mixed-race, married or living with a partner, and retirees/pensioners. The majority of the aggressors were men, known to the victim, and attacking alone. The social transcendence of violence against older people clearly calls for investment in programs to deal with the problem in order to ensure better quality of life for the elderly.Conduziu-se um estudo transversal com o objetivo de determinar o perfil da violência física em idosos submetidos à perícia traumatológica, entre 2004 e 2007, no Instituto de Medicina Legal do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. Os casos, cujas informações procederam de 1.027 laudos, foram descritos segundo características do evento, da vítima e do agressor. Com maior freqüência, a violência foi produzida por energia mecânica, instrumento contundente e arma natural; ocorreu num domingo, turno noturno e residência da vítima; acometeu mais de uma parte do corpo e a lesão foi leve. Prevaleceram como vítimas os homens, com idade entre 60 e 69 anos, pardos, casados/união consensual e aposentados/pensionistas. A maioria dos agressores era homem, conhecido da vítima e a agrediu desacompanhado. A transcendência social do problema torna imperativo o investimento em programas para seu enfrentamento, possibilitando uma melhor

  16. Teores de Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Ni E Co em solos de referência de Pernambuco Concentrations of Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Ni and Co in benchmark soils of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Caroline Miranda Biondi

    2011-06-01

    metals are evidentially essentials (Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, and Ni and beneficial (Co for plants. In this context, the objective was to determine the natural contents of the metals iron (Fe, manganese (Mn, zinc (Zn, nickel (Ni, copper (Cu and cobalt (Co in benchmark soils of Pernambuco. Soil samples were collected in the three physiographic regions of the state (Zona da Mata, Agreste and Sertão, in the first two horizons of the 35 benchmark soils of the state of Pernambuco. Sample digestion was based on the method 3051A (USEPA, 1998 and determined by ICP-OES. Significant correlations were found between these metals and those with the clay soil fraction in both horizons, indicating the general association of most metals to the most clayey soils. The Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Ni, and Co contents of most soils were lower than in soils from other regions of the country and more mafic lithology, which confirms that the contents of these elements are more directly related to iron-magnesium minerals. The results indicate a low capacity of the soils of Pernambuco to release Cu, Co and Ni to plants, while deficiencies of Zn, Fe and Mn are less likely. The natural contents of Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Ni, and Co determined here can be used as a basis for defining the Quality Reference Values for soils of Pernambuco, as stipulated by the Brazilian legislation.

  17. Comportamento de seis variedades de pomelo (Citrus paradisi Macfad. cultivadas sob irrigação na região semi-árida de Pernambuco Behavior of six grapefruit varieties grown under irrigation at the semi-arid region of Pernambuco - Brazil

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    Ildo Eliezer Lederman

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available O uso da irrigação nas regiões semi-áridas do Nordeste brasileiro tem viabilizado o cultivo comercial de inúmeras fruteiras, tais como a uva, a manga, a goiaba, o coco e a banana. Outras espécies, como o pomelo, ou grapefruit, vêm sendo ainda objeto de estudos e avaliações. Uma coleção formada de 06 variedades de pomelos (Citrus paradisi, de polpas com coloração rosa-avermelhada ('Marsh Foster', 'Star Ruby', 'Rio Red' e 'Red Blush' e amarelada ('Triumph' e 'Marsh Foster Nucelar', foi implantada em 1993 na Estação Experimental de Ibimirim, localizada no município de Ibimirim, no Vale do Rio Moxotó - região semi-árida de Pernambuco. Contando com cinco plantas por parcela, a coleção foi conduzida sob irrigação localizada e as avaliações realizadas durante três anos (2000 a 2002. Os resultados demostraram alta variabilidade na produção de frutos, tendo a variedade 'Marsh Foster Nucelar' alcançado a produção média de 135,0 kg/planta, enquanto a 'Star Ruby' atingiu apenas 31,0 kg/planta. O peso médio dos frutos variou de 285,5g ('Red Blush' até um máximo de 401,6g na variedade 'Triumph'. O volume de suco extraído, os sólidos solúveis totais (SST, a acidez total titulável (ATT e a relação SSS/ATT também apresentaram mudanças entre as variedades estudadas.The use of irrigation at the semi-arid region of Northeast Brazil has made feasible several commercial fruit trees crops such as grapevines, mango, guava, coconut, banana and others, like grapefruit, which actually is being studied. A collection formed by six grapefruit varieties showing a pink-red pulp color (Marsh Foster, Star Ruby, Rio Red and Red Blush and a creamy color (Triumph and Marsh Foster Nucelar and consisting of five plants/plot was installed in 1993 at the Ibimirim Experimental Station, located in the Moxotó river valley at the semi-arid region of Pernambuco - Northeast Brazil, under irrigation. Evaluations carried out during three years (from

  18. Caracterização do processo de trabalho das equipes de saúde bucal em municípios de Pernambuco, Brasil, segundo porte populacional: da articulação comunitária à organização do atendimento clínico Characterization of the work process by oral health teams in municipalities in Pernambuco State, Brazil, according to population size: from community links to organization of clinical care

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    Fernando Castim Pimentel

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O estudo teve como objetivo analisar o processo de trabalho das equipes de saúde bucal no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil, segundo porte populacional, enfocando a articulação junto à comunidade e a organização do atendimento clínico. Foram aplicados questionários estruturados a 121 equipes de saúde bucal de 29 municípios. Para verificar a associação entre as ações realizadas e o porte populacional dos municípios, utilizou-se o teste qui-quadrado. Na integração das equipes com a comunidade, observou-se o maior foco nas escolas (81,2%, entretanto a integração com igrejas (p = 0,000 e creches (p = 0,000 demonstrou associação com os municípios de grande porte. A forma de organização do atendimento clínico evidenciou a atenção aos grupos prioritários (82,3%, sendo ainda bastante presente a marcação por demanda espontânea, principalmente nos municípios de pequeno porte. Assim, é necessário investir em educação permanente para a adequação dos processos de trabalho realizados pelas equipes e a redução das diferenças entre as práticas realizadas nos diversos municípios de Pernambuco.This study aimed to analyze the work process in oral health teams in Pernambuco State, Brazil, according to population size in the various municipalities (counties, focusing on the relationship with the community and organization of clinical care. Structured questionnaires were applied to 121 oral health teams in 29 cities. The chi-square test was used to verify the association between the actions and the municipalities' population size. In the integration of the oral health teams with the community, there was a greater focus on schools (81.2%, while integration with churches (p = 0.000 and daycare centers (p = 0.000 was associated with larger municipalities. Organization of clinical care showed attention to priority groups (82.3%, while dental visits were still largely scheduled by spontaneous demand, especially in the smaller

  19. Socioeconomic indicators associated with the desertification process in “Microrregião do Sertão” of Pernambuco state, Brazil | Indicadores socioeconômicos associados ao processo de desertificação em "Microrregião do Sertão" do estado de Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Danielle de Fátima Gomes

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In all of humankind's history, there has never been as much concern about environmental issues as it has today. Within this theme, it is worth highlighting some issues such as: the climate change process and desertification. There are several indicators used to evaluate studies on this process. In order to do so, this study intends to compare the socioeconomic indicators in the Microregions of the “Sertão do Moxotó” and “Sertão do Pajeú”, State of Pernambuco, considered to be low susceptibility to desertification and with severe risk as described in the Map of Areas Susceptible to Desertification and Areas Affected by Desertification, Quoted by the Ministry of Environment. The data show that the absolute population manifests a greater control over natural resources, which ends up intervening in other factors, such as social ones. In this way, this research is expected to help in the elaboration of public policies aimed at adapting the population to future climatic scenarios.

  20. Brioflora epífita e epífila da RPPN Frei Caneca, Jaqueira, PE, Brasil A checklist of epiphyllous and epiphytic bryophytes from Frei Caneca RPPN, Jaqueira, Pernambuco State, Northeastern Brazil

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    Maria Jaciane de Almeida Campelo

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Foi realizado um inventário da brioflora epífita e epífila da RPPN Frei Caneca (8º42'41"S e 35º50'30"W, 750 m alt., 630 ha, remanescente de Floresta Atlântica, localizado no município de Jaqueira, Pernambuco. Um total de 120 amostras de briófitas epífitas foi coletado desde a base até a primeira ramificação do tronco em forófitas arbóreas representativas na área de estudo. Para o inventário das epífilas foram coletadas 40 amostras compostas de três a cinco folhas de arbustos e árvores, desde a base até cerca de 25 m de altura. A brioflora é composta por 71 espécies, distribuídas em 46 espécies de hepáticas e 25 espécies de musgos. Das 21 famílias registradas, Lejeuneaceae (31 spp. e Calymperaceae (7 spp. apresentaram maior riqueza genérica e específica. Lejeunea (6 spp. e Syrrhopodon (4 spp. foram os gêneros mais representativos. A distribuição das espécies é predominantemente Neotropical (67% e Pantropical (15%. Neste trabalho são apresentadas oito novas ocorrências para o Estado de Pernambuco: Colura tortifolia (Nees & Mont. Steph., Cyclolejeunea convexistipa (Lehm. & Lindenb. A. Evans, Diplasiolejeunea brunnea Steph., D. pellucida (Meissn. Schiffn., Prionolejeunea denticulata (Weber Schiffn., Radula mexicana Lindenb. & Gottsche, R. recubans Tayl.; e uma delas Calymperes smithii E.B. Bartram é ocorrência nova para a região Nordeste. São apresentados comentários taxonômicos e ecológicos, informações sobre tipos de substrato e distribuição geográfica no mundo e no Brasil para as espécies de ocorrência nova.A floristic survey of epiphyllous and epiphytic bryophytes was carried out at the Frei Caneca RPPN (8°42'41"S, 35°50'30"W, 750 m alt., 630 ha, a remnant Atlantic forest site located in the state of Pernambuco. A total of 120 samples of epiphytic bryophytes were taken from the trunks (base to first ramification of host trees commonly found at the site. For the epiphyllous epiphytes, 40 samples

  1. Esquistossomose: reprodução e expansão da endemia no Estado de Pernambuco no Brasil Schistosomiasis: reproduction and expansion of the endemic region in Brazil

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    Constança Simões Barbosa

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available A esquistossomose continua a ser um problema de saúde pública no Nordeste do Brasil embora o emprego, em larga escala, da quimioterapia venha sendo apontado como um dos fatores responsáveis pela redução das formas graves. O Estado de Pernambuco vem apresentando taxas crescentes de infecção humana para esquistossomose com perfil epidemiológico de prevalências crônicas (até 80% na região rural e casos recentes de infecção aguda no litoral. Discute-se a reprodução e expansão da esquistossomose a partir de uma concepção estrutural e histórica de causas, onde se inserem fatores não só de ordem biológica mas também sociais, políticos e culturais que vêm contribuindo para a formação dos quadros endêmicos: a forma de ocupação e do uso da terra, desemprego, desnutrição, migração e outros. Questionam-se as crescentes dificuldades para o controle da doença e o papel da investigação epidemiológica na compreensão da essência social do processo saúde/doença.Schistosomiasis mansoni can be considered an important public health problem in Northeastern Brazil, in spite of the reduction in the prevalence of the hepatosplenic clinical forms which have been attributed to the large scale use of chemotherapy in this country. However, the rise in the prevalence rates and the spread of this endemic disease to new areas show that schistosomiasis is assuming its must cruel expression: less lethal but more greatly incapacitating in terms of irreversible physical and moral damage to human beings. The state of Pernambuco presents growing rates for schistosomiasis infection in humans. The epidemiological profile of this disease displays high and consistent prevalence rates (up to 80% in rural areas, and new cases of acute infection on the coast, where schistosomiasis has recently been introduced. The reproduction and expansion of this endemic disease can be better understood on the basic of a conception of structural and historical

  2. Utilization of solar electric fence for containment of caprine in familiar production of the Pernambuco semi-arid region; Utilizacao de cerca eletrica solar para confinamento de caprinos na producao familiar do semi-arido pernambucano

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    Costa, Heitor Scalambrini; Costa Neto, Guilherme [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Nucleo de Apoio a Projetos de Energias Renovaveis], Email: naper@ufpe.br; Araujo, Kassia; Silva, Gerson Flavio da; Raquel, Karine [ONG NAPER SOLAR, Recife, PE (Brazil). Centro de Estudos e Projetos], Email: nsolar@terra.com.br

    2006-07-01

    The Center for Studies and Projects - Naper Solar is an NGO, which works for the dissemination of use of alternative energies resources in the semi-arid Brazilian Northeast in collaboration with the Federal University of Pernambuco. It has implemented caprine raising systems in the back lands of Pajeu in the State of Pernambuco making use of electrified fences energized by solar energy.This project was executed in a joint effort with the City Halls of Afogados da Ingazeira e Sao Jose do Egito and the NGOs Diaconia and the Northeast Woman House and has benefited 20 families of farmers from 9 rural communities. It is funded by a Technical Cooperation Program established between the National Fund for the Environment - Ministry for the Environment and the Netherlands Government. The implemented system, in opposition to the traditional extensive production system, allow for a more animal sanitary control - minimizing the risks of contamination; a more controlled and balanced feeding system - taking into account the weight gaining factor together with pasture management, leading the a guarantee of food supply for the animals. Other advantages of this system include the reduction of fence cost and less deforesting. Electrical fences used in the contention of caprine are built with only 4 straight wires, fixed with isolators on wood posts spaced 10 m from each other, while the conventional fences use 9 barbed-wire lines fixed with clamps on posts spaced 1 m from each other. Therefore, the use of electrical fences instead of the conventional one represent a cost reduction, which can go as high as 40 % of the total cost. Besides that the electrical fences have low maintenance cost, easier and faster installation and relocation. The fenced areas vary from 0.5 ha to 4 ha for the raising of 5 to 50 animals. In the electrification of a fence one needs one photovoltaic module, one electrifier, a battery, isolators (passage and corner), electric ground rods and a thunderbolt

  3. Carbonate Buildups in the Pernambuco Basin, NE Brazil

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    BRUNO V. BUARQUE

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The Pernambuco Basin represents one of the most prominent regions for deep water oil and gas exploration off the Brazilian coast. This study aims to identify and describe the occurrence of carbonate buildups in the offshore regions of the basin. The study was based on an analysis of a set of 143 2D time-migrated seismic sections that cover the offshore region of the Pernambuco Basin. An interpretation of the seismic dataset was used to define the main seismic sequences related to the main regional pulses of deposition and to identify three main groups of carbonate buildups: 1 shelf margin reefs, 2 patch reefs, and 3 isolated carbonate buildups. The carbonate buildups formed in two main intervals during post-rift sequences of the Santonian-Maastrichtian and Paleocene-Middle Miocene, which extend the known periods of carbonate deposit formation in the basin. The formation of carbonate buildups was controlled by the tectonic evolution of the Pernambuco Plateau, which created a series of paleotopographic highs that enabled the establishment of oceanographically and climatically favorable conditions for carbonate formation and deposition. These findings are important for understanding the evolution of the basin and for future evaluations of its petroleum potential.

  4. Aspectos epidemiológicos da hanseníase na cidade de Recife, PE em 2002 Epidemiologic aspects of leprosy in the city of Recife, Pernambuco state, 2002

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    Sylvia Lemos Hinrichsen

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTOS: Ainda é de grande importância a hanseníase como problema de Saúde Pública no Brasil, devido a sua alta endemicidade. OBJETIVO: Determinar as principais características dessa enfermidade na cidade de Recife no ano de 2002. MÉTODOS: Realizou-se estudo observacional retrospectivo, mediante o preenchimento de um questionário específico, analisando-se 100 prontuários de pacientes assistidos em centro de referência do Recife em 2002. Elaborou-se um banco de dados, e a análise foi feita utilizando-se o software EPI-Info-6. Obtiveram-se as freqüências simples das variáveis, e realizou-se análise bivariada, estudando-se as diferenças entre as proporções por meio do qui-quadrado. O ponto de corte foi pBACKGROUND: As a problem of Public Health in Brazil, leprosy is still important due mainly to its high endemicity. OBJECTIVES: Determine the main characteristics of this disease in the city of Recife, Pernambuco state (PE, in 2002. METHODS: Based on data acquired from a questionnaire completed by patients, a retrospective study was carried out to analyze 100 handbooks of patients attended to in a reference center of Recife in 2002. A data base was elaborated and EPI-INFO-6 software was used for the analysis. Simple variable frequencies were obtained and a bi-varied analysis was made by studying ratio differences by means of chi-square. The cut off point was p<0.05. RESULTS: An increase of leprosy was observed to occur with age (7.0% of cases in children and adolescents and 11.0% in adults over 65 years of age, (p<0.001. Distribution per sex showed significant differences (male 57.0%, female 43.0%, (p<0.001. The tuberculoid form had the highest prevalence in all of the age ranges studied, with 42.0% of cases (p<0.001, and its incidence was highest in females, while borderline cases predominated in males (x²=18.83; p<0.001. The paucibacillary forms (tuberculoid and indeterminate showed only one lesion or two-to-five lesions in

  5. Inquérito Epidemiológico sobre tracoma em escolas pertencentes a IV Gerência Regional de Saúde do Estado de Pernambuco

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    Josefa Elaine Silva Germinio

    2016-06-01

    in the IV Gerencia Regional de Saude located in the state of Pernambuc, Caruaru –PE.Abstract: Introduction: Trachoma is a chronic inflammatory eye disease that affects the conjunctive and the cornea areas of the eyes, Chlamydia trachomatis causes a clinical effect of chronic conjunctivitis, accompanied by few signs and symptoms such as only, ocular itching, slight hyperemia, little or no eye discharge. Trachoma diagnosis is strategically clinical, and generally made through the external eye examination. Systemic treatment is selective with systemic acting antibiotic orally. The objective of this study was to identify eyes infections in students, to obtain the prevalence profile. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was done with elementary school students, enrolled in the public schools of some cities belonging the four micro-regions y in the four micro-regions of the IV Regional Health Management Gerencia Regional de Saude (GERES considered endemic for trachoma and also, in some cities non-endemic which agreed to trace their infection profile. Results and discussion: All clinical forms diagnosed in students examined were TF- Follicular inflammatory trachoma. 25,594 schoolchildren in priority municipalities were examined. From this total, 541 were reported and confirmed cases of the disorder. From non-priority municipalities, only 2,844 were performed trachoma infection in students and justonly 83 positive cases were diagnosed. From this study, it was possible to conclude that some regions of the IV GERES presented a low Conclusion: Parts of IV Regional Health Management index showed a slight manifestation of trachomama, but it hads been not extinguished yet, as recommended by the government that happens throughout Brazil by 2020. The regions which showed the highest prevalence of the infection was the micro-region IX, about 15,2% in a total of positive cases, and during the years studied, 2012 had the largest number of cases. 

  6. Relação de uso dos recursos naturais pelas comunidades do entorno de um fragmento florestal urbano no Parque Estadual Dois Irmãos, Recife – Pernambuco. Relation of use of natural resources by surrounding communities of an urban forest fragment in Dois Irmãos State Park, Recife – Pernambuco.

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    Diogenes José Gusmão COUTINHO

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho visa determinar as relações entre comunidades e vegetação do Parque Estadual Dois Irmãos, Recife – Pernambuco. Através de 50 entrevistas, foram investigados aspectos da percepção ambiental dos moradores das comunidades do entorno da floresta do Parque Estadual, percebendo seu modo de vida e sua relação com os recursos naturais. Foram registradas 88 espécies, nativas, cultivadas e introduzida, e dez animais foram citados para a área. As famílias com maior representatividade em número de espécies foram: Fabaceae (treze espécies, Lamiaceae (seis Anacardiaceae, Arecaceae e Cucurbitaceae (cinco, Anonaceae, Asteraceae, Euphorbiaceae, Myrtaceae e Poaceae (quatro. O uso alimentício ocorreu em 31,42% das espécies, seguido do uso medicinal (28,57%, comercial (14,28%, madeireiro (11,42%, tecnológico (9,52% e ornamental (4,76%. A vegetação nativa constitui uma fonte importante de recursos madeireiros e medicinais, mas é subutilizada como fonte de alimento. Os vegetais não têm grande relevância na atividade de comércio, servindo como complemento de renda para as famílias. As comunidades utilizam diferentes fontes vegetais para as categorias comércio, construção e tecnologia, decorrentes tanto das principais atividades que exercem seus moradores, como dos recursos naturais à sua disposição. O lixo, a falta de saneamento básico e alagamentos são os principais problemas enfrentados pelas comunidades. The study aims to determine the relationships between vegetation communities and the Dois Irmãos State Park, Recife – Pernambuco. Through 50 interviews, aspects of environmental perception of the residents of the communities surrounding the State Park wereinvestigated in order to find out their lifestyle and their relationship with natural resources.We recorded 88 species, native, cultivated and introduced and ten animals were reported for the area. Families with more representative number of species were Fabaceae

  7. Ticks on domestic animals in Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil Carrapatos em animais domésticos em Pernambuco, Nordeste do Brasil

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    Filipe Dantas-Torres

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article was to discuss some aspects of ticks associated with domestic animals in the State of Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil, based on a literature review and present new data obtained from recent tick collections carried out in this northeastern Brazilian state. From August 2007 to June 2008, 1,405 ticks were collected and five species were identified: Amblyomma cajennense (Fabricius, 1787, Amblyomma ovale Koch, 1844, Dermacentornitens Neumann, 1897, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus (Canestrini, 1887, and Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille,1806. Dogs from urban areas were found exclusively infested by R. sanguineus, whereas dogs from rural areas were found infested by A. cajennense, A. ovale, R. (B. microplus, and R. sanguineus. The only tick species found on cattle and goats was R. (B. microplus. Horses were found infested by D. nitens and at a lesser extent by A. cajennense and R. (B. microplus. The only tick species found on donkeys was D. nitens. This study confirms the presence of A. cajennense inPernambuco and describes for the first time the presence of A. ovale in this state. The medical and veterinary relevance and control of ticks associated with domestic animals in Pernambuco are also briefly discussed.O objetivo desse artigo é discutir alguns aspectos relacionados aos carrapatos que parasitam animais domésticos no Estado de Pernambuco com base numa revisão da literatura e apresentar novos dados obtidos a partir de recentes coletas de carrapatos realizadas nesse estado do nordeste brasileiro. De agosto de 2007 a junho de 2008, 1.405 carrapatos foram coletados e cinco espécies foram identificadas: Amblyomma cajennense (Fabricius, 1787, Amblyomma ovale Koch, 1844, Dermacentor nitens Neumann, 1897, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus (Canestrini, 1887 e Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806. Cães de áreas urbanas foram encontrados infestados exclusivamente por R. sanguineus ao passo que cães de

  8. Increasing state market share through regional positioning

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    Muzaffer Uysal; Joseph S. Chen; Daniel R. Williams

    2000-01-01

    State tourism officials need to know more about the nature of in-state and out-of-state visitor characteristics and how actual and potential visitors perceive local destinations. The main objective of this study was to understand Virginia's image as a travel destination versus competitive states in the Mid-Atlantic region of the USA. The regional competitiveness...

  9. Prevalência de pé diabético e fatores associados nas unidades de saúde da família da cidade do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, em 2005 Prevalence of diabetic foot and associated factors in the family health units of the city of Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, in 2005

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    Isabel Cristina Ramos Vieira-Santos

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Uma das mais importantes complicações crônicas do diabetes mellitus é o pé diabético. Por sua gravidade, pode levar a amputações de extremidades inferiores. Entretanto, por apresentar uma evolução lenta, permite o desenvolvimento de ações de prevenção e controle. A abrangência do Programa Saúde da Família, quanto a possibilidade de diagnóstico precoce tanto do diabetes como desta complicação favorece a condução de estudos epidemiológicos visando conhecer sua magnitude. Este artigo objetivou determinar a proporção de portadores de pé diabético atendidos nas unidades de saúde da família da cidade do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. Desenvolveu-se um levantamento epidemiológico, com amostra probabilística dos prontuários de pacientes com diabetes cadastrados nos seis distritos sanitários do município. Foram analisadas relações entre as variáveis sócio-econômicas, condições de saúde e ocorrência de amputação a partir de 1.374 prontuários. Observou-se uma prevalência de 9% de portadores de pé diabético. Encontrou-se associação positiva e estatisticamente significativa com as variáveis: alcoolismo e ocorrência de amputação (p One of the most important chronic complications of diabetes mellitus is diabetic foot. Severe progression of diabetes can lead to lower limb amputations. However, since evolution of the disease is slow, it is possible to implement prevention and control measures. The scope of the Family Health Program (in terms of the possibility of early diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and diabetic foot favors epidemiological studies to determine the problem's magnitude. This article aimed to identify the proportion of individuals with diabetic foot treated at family health units in the city of Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil. An epidemiological survey was conducted with a probabilistic sample of medical charts of diabetic patients (N = 1,374 enrolled in six health districts in the city

  10. Revisão nomenclatural e taxonômica de liquens foliícolas e respectivos fungos liquenícolas registrados para o Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil, por Batista e colaboradores Taxonomic revision of foliicolous lichens and their lichenicolous fungi as registered for Pernambuco State, Brazil, by Batista and co-workers

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    Robert Lücking

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available Foram revisadas as coleções de liquens foliícolas realizadas pelo micologista Augusto Chaves Batista e seus colaboradores no Estado de Pernambuco. O estudo foi desenvolvido em três partes: (1 compilação e revisão nomenclatural dos nomes aplicados por Batista et al.; (2 revisão taxonômica dos espécimes determinados por Batista et al.; (3 identificação dos espécimes também presentes nas coleções, porém não registrados por Batista et al. As coleções estudadas compreendem 474 exsicatas com 1.130 espécimes identificados por Batista e seu grupo, nas quais esses autores aplicaram 55 nomes genéricos e 159 nomes específicos. A revisão nomenclatural aqui apresentada demonstrou que esses correspondem a 36 nomes genéricos e 101 nomes específicos válidos, mais 11 nomina dubia. No entanto, a revisão taxonômica desses 1.130 espécimes revelou que apenas 37 espécies em 16 gêneros foram corretamente identificadas, enquanto que os demais nomes representam determinações incorretas. No presente estudo, foram identificados 1.670 espécimes adicionais que não haviam sido registrados por Batista et al. Como resultado final da pesquisa, foram revisados 2.800 espécimes, os quais atualmente agrupam-se em 37 gêneros e 134 espécies de liquens foliícolas e/ou fungos liquenícolas.We revised the collections of foliicolous lichens made by the Brazilian mycologist Augusto Chaves Batista and his coworkers in Pernambuco state, Brazil. The study was divided into three parts: (1 compilation and nomenclatural revision of the names published and used by Batista et al.; (2 taxonomic revision of the specimens determined by Batista et al.; (3 identification of specimens present in the collections but not registered by Batista et al. The studied material comprises 474 collections, with 1,130 specimens identified by Batista and his group, to which these authors applied 55 generic and 159 specific names. The nomenclatural revision presented here

  11. Impacto das ações de imunização pelo Programa Saúde da Família na mortalidade infantil por doenças evitáveis em Olinda, Pernambuco, Brasil Impact of immunization measures by the Family Health Program on infant mortality from preventable diseases in Olinda, Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Tânia Maria Rocha Guimarães

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda o impacto do Programa Saúde da Família (PSF na saúde infantil no Município de Olinda, Pernambuco, Brasil, por meio da avaliação da vacinação e mortalidade infantil por causas evitáveis. Realizou-se um estudo de série temporal com os dados dos principais sistemas de informação em saúde, usando-se a análise dos indicadores ex-ante e ex-post da implantação do PSF, em 1995. A variável independente foi o ano de nascimento relacionado com grau de cobertura da população pelo PSF. Analisou-se três períodos: 1990/1994 (anterior, 1995/1996 (implantação: cobertura de 0% a 30%, 1997/2002 (intervenção: cobertura de 38,6% a 54%. A tendência dos indicadores foi analisada pela regressão linear simples, sendo testada a significância pelo teste t. No período de implantação houve aumento de todas as médias das coberturas vacinais (176% BCG, 223% pólio, 52% DPT, 61% sarampo e redução da mortalidade infantil por causas evitáveis (12,7 óbitos/ano, mesmo não havendo diminuição da pobreza absoluta no município ou aumento das coberturas das redes públicas de saúde nem de esgotamento. A melhoria nos indicadores demonstra a efetividade das ações do PSF no município.This article analyzes the impact of the Family Health Program (FHP on infant health in Olinda, Pernambuco State, Brazil, evaluating immunization and infant mortality from vaccine-preventable diseases. A time-series study was conducted with data from the principal health information systems, analyzing indicators before and after implementation of the FHP in 1995. The independent variable was year of birth, related to degree of population coverage by the FHP. Three periods were analyzed: 1990-1994 (prior, 1995-1996 (implementation phase: 0 to 30% coverage, and 1997-2002 (intervention: coverage of 38.6% to 54%. Trends in the indicators were analyzed by simple linear regression, testing significance with the t test. During the implementation period

  12. Análise do NDVI/NOAA em cana-de-açúcar e Mata Atlântica no litoral norte de Pernambuco, Brasil Analysis of NDVI/NOAA in sugar cane and Atlantic Forest in the north of Pernambuco state, Brazil

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    Abdoral de A. Lucas

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho se realizou a análise espaço-temporal do NDVI (Índice de Vegetação da Diferença Normalizada na cultura da cana-de-açúcar, considerando-se a idade fenológica e a influência da precipitação pluvial dos meses atual e anterior relativos à safra 2003/2004. A metodologia foi aplicada em três áreas, ou seja, duas com cana-de-açúcar e uma de Mata Atlântica; cada área representa um pixel do satélite NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Os pontos amostrais P1 e P2 indicam áreas com plantio de cana e o ponto P3, um fragmento de Mata Atlântica, todos localizados na Usina São José, no Litoral Norte de Pernambuco. O estádio fenológico da cana-de-açúcar foi relacionado com o NDVI e com a precipitação referente a 6 épocas do ciclo da cultura. Aplicou-se, para a análise espaço-temporal, o índice de vegetação da diferença normalizada, utilizando-se imagens do sensor AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometric/NOAa-16. Os resultados mostraram maior influência da precipitação do mês anterior no comportamento do NDVI. Em relação ao ciclo da cultura, o estádio de desenvolvimento acompanha a evolução do NDVI, ou seja, na medida em que ocorre um ganho de biomassa, aumenta o valor do NDVI e ele começa, então, a decair quando se inicia o estádio de maturação, a partir do sétimo mês após o corte.This paper accomplished a space-temporal analysis of NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index in sugar cane crop, considering the phenological stage and the influence of pluvial precipitation of the current and previous month of 2003/2004 harvest. The methodology was applied in three areas, two with sugar cane and one of Atlantic Forest. Each area represents a pixel of the NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration satellite. Points P1 and P2 represent areas with sugar cane and point P3 a fragment of Atlantic Forest, all located at the Usina São José, in North of Pernambuco

  13. Complicações crônicas dos diabéticos tipo 2 atendidos nas Unidades de Saúde da Família, Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil Chronic complications of type 2 diabetic attended at Family Health Units in the City of Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Isabel Cristina Ramos Vieira Santos

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: analisar as complicações associadas ao diabetes tipo 2 em pacientes atendidos pelas Unidades de Saúde da Família. MÉTODOS: estudo realizado nas Unidades de Saúde da Família dos seis distritos sanitários de Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, com uma amostra de 1374 prontuários de diabéticos cadastrados no Programa de Saúde da Família. As variáveis utilizadas foram: ocorrência de complicações macro e microvasculares, idade, sexo, anos de estudo, consumo de álcool, tabagismo, primeira e última glicemia registrada. RESULTADOS: observou-se uma freqüência de complicações mais elevada em mulheres (71,5% quando comparada a dos homens (29,5%. Do total, 58,9% apresentava pelo menos uma complicação. As complicações macrovasculares corresponderam a 95,6%. A doença vascular periférica foi responsável por 92,1%, quando considerada como complicação única. Verificou-se associação entre a faixa etária de 66 anos a mais e complicações macrovasculares, com uma prevalência de 37,8%. As complicações microvasculares nas mulheres correspondem à metade daquelas encontradas para os homens (3,6 x 6,4, sendo significante esta diferença (p=0,04. O tabagismo mostrou-se associado a complicações microvasculares (pOBJECTIVES: to analyze the complications associated with type 2 diabetes in patients seen by Family Health Units. METHODS: a study was conducted of the Family Health Units of the six health districts of the city of Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil, with a sample of 1374 records of diabetic patients registered on the Family Health Program. The variables used were: the occurrence of macro-and microvascular complications, age, sex, years of schooling, alcohol consumption, smoking, first and last glucose recorded. RESULTS: there was a higher rate of complications in women (71.5% compared to men (29.5%. Of the total, 58.9% had at least one complication. The macrovascular complications corresponded to 95.6%. The peripheral

  14. Consumo energético-protéico e estado nutricional de crianças menores de cinco anos, no estado de Pernambuco, Brasil Energy and protein intake and nutritional status of children under five years of age in Pernambuco state, Brazil

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    Risia Cristina Egito de Menezes

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar o consumo de energia e proteínas e associá-lo ao estado nutricional de crianças menores de 5 anos. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com 948 crianças menores de cinco anos, no Estado de Pernambuco. O consumo alimentar foi registrado utilizando o método recordatório de 24 horas. Para análise de energia e proteína foram utilizadas as Dietary Reference Intakes como referência, verificando-se o consumo mediano e a prevalência de inadequação. O estado nutricional foi avaliado utilizando a referência do National Center for Health Statistics (índices peso/idade, peso/estatura e estatura/idade. O estado nutricional das crianças com consumo abaixo e maior ou igual à referência de energia e proteína foi comparado, utilizando-se o teste "t" de Student. RESULTADOS: O consumo mediano de energia e proteína esteve acima das ingestões dietéticas de referência, na maioria das faixas etárias. No entanto, foram encontradas prevalências de inadequação do consumo de energia (42,4% e de proteína (5,0%. O percentual de desnutrição (escore-Z OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate energy and protein intake and associate it with the nutritional status of children under five years of age. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with 948 children under five years of age, in the State of Pernambuco. Dietary intake was recorded using 24-hour recalls. Dietary Reference Intakes were used as reference to analyze energy and protein intake values by verifying the median intake and the prevalence of inadequacy. Nutritional status was assessed using the National Center for Health Statistics as reference (weight-for-age, weight-for-length and length-for-age indices. The Student's t-test was used to compare the nutritional status of children with intake values below, above or equal to the energy and protein reference standards. RESULTS: The median energy and protein intake exceeded the dietary reference intakes in most age groups. However, a

  15. Automedicação em idosos na cidade de Salgueiro-PE Self-medication in the elderly of the city of Salgueiro, State of Pernambuco

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    Mirivaldo Barros e Sá

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: identificar os determinantes associados ao perfil da automedicação na população de idosos de 60 anos e mais, no município de Salgueiro/Pernambuco/Brasil. MÉTODO: Estudo de corte transversal realizado na zona urbana no município de Salgueiro - PE. Entre 01/05 a 10/06/2004, foram aplicados questionários em uma amostra de 355 indivíduos da população de 60 anos e mais. Os dados foram processados e analisados no EPIINFO 6.04 após digitação em dupla entrada e validação. RESULTADOS: 44,9% dos entrevistados encontravam-se na faixa etária de 60-70 anos, 247 (69,8% eram do sexo feminino, 188 (53,1% eram analfabetos e 145 (40,7% tinham o primeiro grau incompleto, sendo 276 (77,7% aposentados. Entre os que faziam uso de medicamentos sem receita médica houve predomínio de analgésicos (30% e antipiréticos (29%. Entre os motivos mais freqüentes apresentados, e que levavam os indivíduos a tomar remédios por conta própria, a dor tem o maior índice (38,3%, seguida de febre (24,4%, diarréia (8,0%, pressão alta (8,0% e tosse (5,2%. Houve associação entre a ausência de atividade física e automedicação (x² =14,44, p=0,001. CONCLUSÃO: existe grande prevalência da automedicação neste grupo, sendo os analgésicos e os antipiréticos os mais utilizados; a dor é o sintoma que mais leva à automedicação; os idosos sedentários se automedicam mais que os praticantes de atividade física.OBJECTIVES: to identify the determinants associated with the practice of self-medication in the 60-year-old or older population in the city of Salgueiro/Pernambuco/Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the urban zone in the city of Salgueiro - PE; questionnaires were handed out between May/01/2004 and June/06/2004 in a sample population of 355 persons aged 60 years or more. Data were processed and analyzed using EPIINFO 6.04 software after a double entry and validated. RESULTS: The sample was comprised of 44.9% (159

  16. Phenotypic and molecular characterization of antimicrobial resistance and virulence factors in Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates from Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Paula Regina Luna de Araújo Jácome

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The emergence of carbapenem resistance mechanisms in Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been outstanding due to the wide spectrum of antimicrobial degradation of these bacteria, reducing of therapeutic options. METHODS: Sixty-one clinical strains of P. aeruginosa isolated from five public hospitals in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, were examined between 2006 and 2010, aiming of evaluating the profiles of virulence, resistance to antimicrobials, presence of metallo-β-lactamase (MBL genes, and clonal relationship among isolates. RESULTS: A high percentage of virulence factors (34.4% mucoid colonies; 70.5% pyocyanin; 93.4% gelatinase positives; and 72.1% hemolysin positive and a high percentage of antimicrobial resistance rates (4.9% pan-resistant and 54.1% multi-drug resistant isolates were observed. Among the 29 isolates resistant to imipenem and/or ceftazidime, 44.8% (13/29 were MBL producers by phenotypic evaluation, and of these, 46.2% (6/13 were positive for the blaSPM-1 gene. The blaIMP and blaVIM genes were not detected. The molecular typing revealed 21 molecular profiles of which seven were detected in distinct hospitals and periods. Among the six positive blaSPM-1 isolates, three presented the same clonal profile and were from the same hospital, whereas the other three presented different clonal profiles. CONCLUSIONS: These results revealed that P. aeruginosa is able to accumulate different resistance and virulence factors, making the treatment of infections difficult. The identification of blaSPM-1 genes and the dissemination of clones in different hospitals, indicate the need for stricter application of infection control measures in hospitals in Recife, Brazil, aiming at reducing costs and damages caused by P. aeruginosa infections.

  17. Mortalidade devido a acidentes de bicicletas em Pernambuco, Brasil Mortality due to bicycle accidents in Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Reginaldo Inojosa Carneiro Campello

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available O artigo tem por objetivo analisar os casos de morte nos acidentes com bicicleta ocorridos em Pernambuco entre 2001 e 2010. Este estudo quantitativo analisou dados secundários. A amostra consistiu de todas as Declarações de Óbitos registradas no Sistema de Informação de Mortalidade do Banco de Dados do Sistema Único de Saúde que relataram acidentes de bicicleta entre 2001 e 2010. Medidas descritivas foram determinadas para todas as variáveis. As sociodemográficas foram cruzadas com a causa básica de morte em busca de correlação estatística. Em Pernambuco, no citado sistema de informação, foram registradas 517 Declarações de Óbitos decorrentes de acidentes de bicicleta, sendo nestes sinistros a participação mais frequente de homens, entre 25-59 anos, pardos, solteiros e de escolaridade ignorada. A idade média foi de 36,82 anos (desvio padrão = 17,026, sendo a idade mínima e a máxima, respectivamente, 4 e 86 anos. Os achados apontam para a necessidade da criação de infraestrutura adequada e de medidas legais efetivas para prevenir acidentes de tráfego envolvendo este tipo de veículo, apoiando-se na evidência de distribuição de casos na maioria dos municípios de Pernambuco.The scope of this paper was to conduct a quantitative analysis of deaths resulting from bicycle accidents in the state of Pernambuco by studying secondary data between 2001 and 2010. The sample consisted of all the Deaths recorded in the Mortality Information System of the Unified Health System Database that reported bicycle accidents between 2001 and 2010. Descriptive measures were determined for all variables. Socio-demographic variables were paired with the basic cause of death in order to find a statistical correlation. In Pernambuco, the aforementioned information system recorded 517 deaths resulting from bicycle accidents, with greater frequency in men between 25 and 59 years of age, Afro-Brazilians, single and of unknown schooling. The mean

  18. Cost Optimization of Water Resources in Pernambuco, Brazil: Valuing Future Infrastructure and Climate Forecasts

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    Kumar, Ipsita; Josset, Laureline; Lall, Upmanu; Cavalcanti e Silva, Erik; Cordeiro Possas, José Marcelo; Cauás Asfora, Marcelo

    2017-04-01

    Optimal management of water resources is paramount in semi-arid regions to limit strains on the society and economy due to limited water availability. This problem is likely to become even more recurrent as droughts are projected to intensify in the coming years, causing increasing stresses to the water supply in the concerned areas. The state of Pernambuco, in the Northeast Brazil is one such case, where one of the largest reservoir, Jucazinho, has been at approximately 1% capacity throughout 2016, making infrastructural challenges in the region very real. To ease some of the infrastructural stresses and reduce vulnerabilities of the water system, a new source of water from Rio São Francisco is currently under development. Till its development, water trucks have been regularly mandated to cover water deficits, but at a much higher cost, thus endangering the financial sustainability of the region. In this paper, we propose to evaluate the sustainability of the considered water system by formulating an optimization problem and determine the optimal operations to be conducted. We start with a comparative study of the current and future infrastructures capabilities to face various climate. We show that while the Rio Sao Francisco project mitigates the problems, both implementations do not prevent failure and require the reliance on water trucks during prolonged droughts. We also study the cost associated with the provision of water to the municipalities for several streamflow forecasts. In particular, we investigate the value of climate predictions to adapt operational decisions by comparing the results with a fixed policy derived from historical data. We show that the use of climate information permits the reduction of the water deficit and reduces overall operational costs. We conclude with a discussion on the potential of the approach to evaluate future infrastructure developments. This study is funded by the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), and in

  19. Risk factor control in hypertensive and diabetic subjects attended by the Family Health Strategy in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil: the SERVIDIAH study Control de los factores de riesgo en hipertensos y diabéticos seguidos por la Estrategia Salud de la Familia en el estado de Pernambuco, Brasil: estudio SERVIDIAH Controle dos fatores de risco em hipertensos e diabéticos acompanhados pela Estratégia Saúde da Família no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil: estudo SERVIDIAH

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    Adriana Falangola Benjamin Bezerra

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The SERVIDIAH study (Evaluation of Health Services for Diabetic and Hypertensive Subjects was conducted in 2010 in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. A multi-stage random sample of 785 hypertensive and 823 diabetic patients was drawn from 208 Family Health Strategy (FHS units selected throughout 35 municipalities. Patients underwent a structured interview and weight, height, blood pressure and HbA1c levels (for diabetic patients were measured. Mean age was approximately 60 years, and women were overrepresented in the sample (70%. 43.7% of hypertensive subjects and 25.8% of diabetic subjects achieved adequate blood pressure control and 30.5% of diabetic subjects had HbA1c levels below 7%. Despite 70% of the patients being overweight or obese, few had adhered to a weight-loss diet. The study of this representative sample of hypertensive and diabetic patients attended by the FHS in the State of Pernambuco shows that improvements in the management of hypertension and diabetes are needed in order to prevent the occurrence of serious and costly complications, especially given the context of increasing incidence of these two conditions.El estudio SERVIDIAH (Evaluación de Servicios de Atención Básica a la Salud para Diabéticos e Hipertensos fue realizado en 2010 en el estado de Pernambuco, Brasil. Se constituyó una muestra aleatoria de 785 hipertensos y 823 diabéticos, proveniente de los registros de 208 equipos de la Estrategia Salud de la Familia (ESF en 35 municipios del estado. Los usuarios fueron entrevistados mediante un formulario padronizado, y se les verificó el peso, altura y presión arterial y, a los diabéticos, la hemoglobina glicosilada (HbA1c. La edad media fue en torno a 60 años, con representación mayoritaria de mujeres (70%. La presión arterial fue controlada en un 43,7% de los hipertensos y un 25,8% de los diabéticos; un 30,5% de los diabéticos presentaron HbA1c por debajo de un 7%. A pesar de que un 70% presentaron

  20. [Analysis of motor performance associated with the nutritional status of the elderly enrolled in the Family Health Program in the municipality of Vitória de Santo Antão in the State of Pernambuco].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soares, Lisandra Delfino de Albuquerque; Campos, Florisbela de Arruda Câmara e Siqueira; Araújo, Maria das Graças Rodrigues de; Falcão, Ana Patrícia Siqueira Tavares; Lima, Bruna Rafaela Dornelas de Andrade; Siqueira, Danielle Ferreira de; Fittipaldi, Etiene Oliveira da Silva; Arruda, Silvana Gonçalves Brito de; Faro, Zelyta Pinheiro de

    2012-05-01

    The scope of this paper was to investigate the relationship between the nutritional status and the motor skills of the elderly registered in the Family Health Program in the urban area of Vitória de Santo Antão in the State of Pernambuco, by means of a transversal epistemological descriptive-analytical field study. The participants of this survey were 235 elders, both male and female of 60-years-old and over registered in the family health program in the urban area of the city. The nutritional status was evaluated by the body mass index and the circumference of the calf. Four motor tests were used to evaluate motor performance: Time Up&Go, Tinetti's Index, Functional Reach and Unipodal Support. The associations were checked using Spearman's correlation. The association of the nutritional status with the motor tests was statistically significant among males* or females**: (Time Up&Go rho = 0.290* / 350**; Functional Reach rho = 0.232* / 352**; Tinetti's Index rho = 243* / 363** and Unipodal Support rho = 221* / 475**. The evaluation of the results revealed an association between nutritional status and functional capacity of the elders no matter what gender; with obesity being a limiting nutritional condition to adequate performance in the tests.

  1. Health information systems and pesticide poisoning at Pernambuco.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Albuquerque, Pedro Costa Cavalcanti; Gurgel, Idê Gomes Dantas; Gurgel, Aline do Monte; Augusto, Lia Giraldo da Silva; de Siqueira, Marília Teixeira

    2015-01-01

    Understanding the epidemiologic profile of a particular disease is key to undertake health actions. To that end, information systems that present quality data help in the decision-making process and demonstrate the impact of the problems. To analyze the contribution of health information systems for the characterization of pesticide poisoning through SINAN, CEATOX and SIM in the State of Pernambuco. In this study, the completeness and consistency of the data were assessed, as well as the epidemiological profile of pesticide poisoning in Pernambuco in the period from 2008 to 2012, based on the following Health Information Systems: Center for Toxicological Assistance of Pernambuco (CEATOX), Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN) and Mortality Information System (SIM). The data revealed incompleteness and inconsistencies in information. Regarding the profile, females are more affected in the morbidity profile, and men have a higher mortality rate. Poisoning was more frequent in young adults with low educational level. With regard to the circumstances, most of the cases were suicide attempts, unique acute cases and not related to work. Despite suggesting underreporting, the data showed that persons engaged in agriculture are most commonly affected. The strengthening of these systems is necessary for the generation of consistent information that support health policies for the population groups involved.

  2. Estrutura e síndromes de dispersão de espécies arbóreas em um trecho de mata ciliar, Sirinhaém, Pernambuco, Brasil Structure and dispersal syndromes of tree species in a stretch of riparian vegetation, Sirinhaém, Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Roseane Karla Soares da Silva

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Este trabalho teve por objetivo conhecer a fitossociologia do componente arboreo em uma mata ciliar de um corrego que desagua no Rio Sirinhaem, localizado no Engenho Buranhem, Sirinhaem, PE e identificar as sindromes de dispersao das especies. O corrego esta situado em um fragmento de Floresta Ombrofila Densa de Terras Baixas, com 272 ha. Utilizou-se como area amostral um hectare (40 unidades amostrais, 10 m x 25 m onde foram registrados 1.307 individuos arboreos com circunferencia a altura do peito (CAP ≥ 15 cm. Foram identificadas 118 especies, pertencentes a 40 familias botanicas. Protium heptaphyllum e Pouteria sp.1 foram as especies mais abundantes. Em termos de valor de importancia (VI, as especies Protium heptaphyllum, Pouteria sp.1 e Virola gardneri estao entre as mais importantes ecologicamente. As sindromes de dispersao predominantes foram: zoocoria (72,8%, autocoria (13,6% e anemocoria (4,8%. Nao foi possivel determinar a sindrome de dispersao de 8,8% das especies estudadas.

     

    doi: 10.4336/2012.pfb.32.69.01

    This study aimed to know the phytosociology of the tree component of riparian vegetation in a stream that flows into the Sirinhaem River in Engenho Buranhem, Sirinhaem, Pernambuco State, and identify the species dispersal syndromes. The stream is located in a fragment of dense rain forest of the lowlands, with 272 ha. It was sempled used one hectare (40 sampling units of 10 m x 25 m each. It was registered 1,307 trees with circumference at breast height (CAP . 15 cm. We identified 118 species belonging to 40 botanical families. Protium heptaphyllum and Pouteria sp.1 were the most abundant species. In terms of importance value (IV, Protium heptaphyllum, Pouteria sp.1 and Virola gardneri are among the most important ecologically species. The predominant dispersal syndromes were zoocory (72.8%, autocory (13.6% and anemochory (4.8%. It was not possible to determine the type of dispersal of 8.8% of the

  3. Aspectos epidemiológicos dos traumatismos cranioencefálicos atendidos no Hospital Regional do Agreste de Pernambuco de 2006 a 2007 - doi:10.5020/18061230.2010.p4

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    Emília Maria Santos Ramos

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Identificar a prevalência de traumatismo cranioencefálico (TCE e de fatores relacionados em vítimas atendidas no Hospital Regional do Agreste de Pernambuco (HRAPE e caracterizar o perfil sociodemográfico destas vítimas. Método: Trata-se de um estudo documental com coleta de dados individuais das fichas de internamento dos pacientes que deram entrada no HRA-PE com diagnóstico de TCE nos anos de 2006 e 2007. As variáveis estudadas foram: prevalência de casos, procedência das vítimas, sexo, idade, causa relacionada ao trauma e quadro neurológico a partir da escala de Glasgow. Resultados: A amostra foi composta de prontuários de 171 vítimas. O maior número de casos ocorreu em 2007, com 125 (73,1% casos. Dos casos registrados, 139 (81,4% eram do sexo masculino, 92(53,8% solteiros e 45(26,3% na faixa de 21 a 30 anos. A queda foi causa em 52 (30,4% casos, seguida por 34 (19,9% casos de acidentes de moto. Lesões vasculares ocorreram em 55(32,2% casos, sendo de maior frequencia que as lesões ósseas e nervosas, ocorridas em 39 (22,8% e 34 (19,9% casos, respectivamente. A Escala de Coma de Glasgow média foi de 11+ 4. Do total da amostra pesquisada, 20 (11,7% pacientes estavam alcoolizados no momento do trauma, 106 (62% precisaram de tratamento conservador e 18 (10,5% evoluíram para o óbito. Conclusão: Houve uma elevada prevalência de traumatismo cranioencefálico no Hospital Regional do Agreste-PE nos anos de 2006 e 2007, com predominância de vítimas jovens do sexo masculino, solteiros. O consumo de álcool pode ser constatado em percentual representativo das vítimas e as lesões mais frequentes foram decorrentes de quedas e acidentes de moto.

  4. PARTICIPAÇÃO DOS Staphylococcus spp NA ETIOLOGIA DAS MASTITES EM BOVINOS LEITEIROS NO ESTADO DE PERNAMBUCO (BRASIL

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    Rinaldo Aparecido Mota

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to quantify the occurrence of the bacteria Staphylococcus in the etiology of bovine mastitis in the state of Pernambuco (Brazil. A total of 1,080 samples were collected from 15 farms located in Zona de Mata, Agreste, and Metropolitan Recife Regions of the State of Pernambuco. Milk samples were spread on an agar base enriched with 5% sheep’s blood and incubated at 37ºC, with readings at 24, 48 and 72 hours. The morphological characteristics of the colonies were used to identify the bacteria, as well as the morphostaining chacteristics, using the Gram technique. Biochemical tests were carried out, such as production of free coagulase, DNase, catalysis, acetonin production test, glucose (anaerobiose and manitol (aerobiose and anaerobiose fermentation. Of the 1,080 samples analyzed, 740 (68.5% were positive upon microbiological examination and 340 (31.5% negative. The Staphylococcus bacteria were isolated in 291 (39.3% of the samples. Of these, 170 (58.4% were classified as coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (SCN, 84 (28.9% as Staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus and 37(12.7% as coagulase-positive Staphylococcus (SCP. The results of the present study indicated that Staphylococcus spp has a high participation in the epidemiology of bovine mastitis in the region selected and suggests that medium and long-term training take place to prepare specialists to control and prevent contagious mastitis.

  5. Water quality in watershed of the Jaboatão River (Pernambuco, Brazil: a case study

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    Souza Antonio Donizetti Gonçalves de

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present work was to evaluate anthropogenic influences on the water quality and to offer a subsidy to the establishment of water quality goals in the Jaboatão River Basin (Pernambuco State, Brazil. Eight sampling points were established and were sampled monthly during one hydrological cycle (March/98-February/99. The following variables were analyzed: temperature, pH, conductivity, chlorine, alkalinity, dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand, fecal coliforms, nitrate, total phosphorus and total solids. The most critical variables related to water quality objectives were dissolved oxygen, fecal coliforms and total phosphorus. Maps of land use, legally protected areas, area industries, and water withdrawals were utilized in order to propose division of the watershed into regions and to provide water quality management information.

  6. Assesment of population dose from nuclear medicine procedures in pernambuco (Brazil) during the period 2003 to 2004

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khoury, H. [Nuclear Energy Dept., UFPE (Brazil); Farias, F.; Araujo, A. [CRCN/CNEN -PE (Brazil)

    2006-07-01

    Full text of publication follows: This paper presents a survey of nuclear medicine procedures performed in the State of Pernambuco, a State located in the northeast region of Brazil, in order to help establish reference levels for nuclear medicine patients in Brazil. Data were gathered on the type of radiopharmaceuticals used, the administered activity, the numbers of each kind of examination, and the age and sex of the patients involved during the period 2002 to 2004, from all nuclear medicine institutes that operate in Recife, the capital of the state of Pernambuco. The results showed an increase in the annual frequency of the nuclear medicine examinations during the period of study, compared with the period of 1990 to 1994. The results showed that cardiac and bone scintigraphy are the most common procedures. In the period of 1990 to 1994 the cardiac exam was 9% of the total nuclear medicine procedures and in the period of 2003 to 2004 correspond to 25%. The results also indicated that the amount of administrated activity is mainly based on medical experience and there are considerable differences between clinics. The activities administered to patients are higher than the guidance levels of the Basic Safety Standards (B.S.S.). (authors)

  7. Hydrologic landscape regions of the United States

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Hydrologic landscape regions (HLRs) in the United States were delineated by using geographic information system (GIS) tools and statistical methods including...

  8. Radiometric research in soils cultivated with sugar cane in Pernambuco - Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos Junior, Otavio P. dos; Santos Junior, Jose A. dos; Amaral, Romilton dos S.; Menezes, Romulo S.C.; Santos, Josineide M.N. dos; Silva, Arykerne N.C. da; Fernandez, Zahily H.; Rojas, Lino A.V.; Damascena, Kennedy F.R.; Silva, Rafael R.; Milan, Marvic O., E-mail: rodriguesrs19@gmail.com, E-mail: otavio.santos@vitoria.ifpe.edu.br, E-mail: lino.valcarcel@ufpe.br [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Departamento de Energia Nuclear; Instituto Federal de Educacao, Ciencia e Tecnologia de Pernambuco (IFPE), Vitoria de Santo Antao, PE (Brazil); Centro de Aplicaciones Tecnologicas y Desarrollo Nuclear, La Habana (Cuba); Instituto Superior de Tecnologias y Ciencias Aplicadas Quinta de los Molinos, La Habana (Cuba)

    2017-11-01

    The state of Pernambuco is representative of Northeastern Brazil, with respect to the variability of climatic conditions, soil types, soil cover, as well as land use. The state is subdivided into five regions: Recife Metropolitan Region, Sao Francisco, Sertao, Agreste and Zona da Mata (Atlantic Forest Region). Each region presents peculiar climatic and economic activities. The Atlantic Forest region, the focus of this study, presents a humid tropical climate and is characterized by large farms and the monoculture of sugarcane. In this scenario, a radioecological investigation was carried out to determine the radiometric potential from the analysis of forty-five soil samples, collected in five soil profiles, to a depth of 60 cm. A non-destructive method was adopted for the radiometric analysis, using High- Resolution Gamma Spectrometry with an HPGe-Be type detector. This method allowed the determination of specific activities of U-238, Th-232 and K-40 in the soil samples. The results will be used as a basis for the determination of a reference value for the natural radioactivity of these soils, to predict the existence of possible environmental impacts resulting from their use for the cultivation of sugar cane, as well as to contribute to guarantee the safety of food crops cultivated in this region. (author)

  9. Richness of gall-inducing insects in the tropical dry forest (caatinga of Pernambuco

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    Jean Carlos Santos

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Diversity of gall-inducing insects in the tropical dry forest (caatinga of Pernambuco. We report on the richness of galling insects in the vegetation of caatinga of Pernambuco state, Brazil. We recorded 64 different types of galls collected primarily from leaves and stems of 48 species of host plants belonging to 17 families and 31 genera. The most common gall morphological types were spheroid and discoid, glabrous, predominantly green and with one chamber. The main gall inducing taxon was the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera. The results of this study contribute to existing knowledge of galling insect and host-plant diversity in caatinga.

  10. Avaliação bromatológica de espécies arbóreas e arbustivas de pastagens em três municípios do Estado de Pernambuco = Chemical composition of tree and bush species occurring in pastures of three locations in Pernambuco State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anália Carmem Silva de Almeida

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa foi realizada nos Campos Experimentais de Itambé, Caruaru e Serra Talhada, pertencentes à Empresa Pernambucana de Pesquisa Agropecuária, e objetivou avaliar características bromatológicas de espécies arbóreas e arbustivas de pastagens. Para análises bromatológicas foram coletadas, nas épocas seca e chuvosa, amostras compostas de folhas e galhos com até 5,0 cm de diâmetro de espécies arbóreas e arbustivas presentes em áreas de pastagens. Os teores médios de MS das plantas foram de 38,89%, 48,27% e 55,20% nos Municípios de Itambé, Caruaru e Serra Talhada, respectivamente. Para PB, observou-se valores de 15,87%, 14,09% e 10,19%, respectivamente. Os valores de FDN e de FDA foram de 52,37% e 37,63%, 46,33% e 30,33%, 50,25% e 35,07%, respectivamente. As espécies, independente do local, apresentaram melhor composição bromatológica no período chuvoso.Para utilização de espécies em sistemas silvipastoris, além da avaliação de características qualitativas, devem-se considerar aspectos de facilidade de propagação, adaptação às condições edafoclimáticas, tipo de animal e objetivo do sistema de produção animal. The research was conducted at the Experimental Fields of Itambé, Caruaru and Serra Talhada, owned by the Agricultural Research Companyof Pernambuco (IPA. The aim was to analyze the chemical characteristics of tree and bush species grown on pasture land. In each Experimental Station, data was collected from a random sampling, during the dry and rainy seasons. Samples consisted of leaves and branches up to 5.0 cm of diameter. The average MS concentrations were 38.89, 48.27 and 55.20%. As for PB, the values observed were 15.87, 14.09 and 10.19%. The NFD and ADF concentrations were 52.37 and 37.63, 46.33 and 30.33, 50.25 and 35.07%, for Itambé, Caruaru and Serra Talhada, respectively. The studied species, independent of the region, presented better chemistry composition during the rainy season. Thus

  11. Projeto Mutirão de Catarata em centro de referência oftalmológico, em Pernambuco: perfil, grau de satisfação e benefício visual do usuário Medical Social Cataract Project ("Mutirão de Catarata" in an ophthalmologic center - Pernambuco State, Brazil: user profile, patient satisfaction and visual outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liana O Ventura

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Identificar o perfil e o grau de satisfação do paciente, além do benefício visual do usuário do Sistema Único de Saúde atendido no Projeto de Mutirão de Catarata da Fundação Altino Ventura. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionados 163 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia da catarata, de outubro a novembro de 2002, obtendo-se dados do perfil sociodemográfico. Aplicou-se questionário visando analisar a qualidade do atendimento aos pacientes nos vários setores da Instituição, além da acuidade visual final e do seguimento clínico. RESULTADOS: A média de idade dos pacientes foi de 68,4 anos. O gênero feminino foi o mais freqüente (67,5%. A freqüência de analfabetos foi de 20,2%. A ocupação mais observada foi do lar (43,6%. A freqüência dos parâmetros usados para avaliação do grau de satisfação dos usuários situou-se acima de 95,0%. Houve melhora estatisticamente significante da acuidade visual pós-operatória, em ambos os olhos. Olho direito - pré-operatória = X± DP - 0,193 ± 0,135 - pós-operatória = 0,650 ± 0,293, "t" = 13,469 - p PURPOSES: To identify the social and demographic patient profile, and to evaluate the visual outcome of patients enrolled in the Medical Social Cataract Project, developed by the "Altino Ventura Foundation" - Pernambuco State, Brazil. METHODS: 163 patients who underwent cataract surgery and were seen at follow-up in October and November 2002. Data were obtained by a questionnaire, which also included questions about the service qualities provided by several sectors of the institution. The patients were also evaluated as regards the visual acuity and clinical outcome. RESULTS: The patient mean age was 68.4 years. Females were more frequent (67%. Illiteracy was present in 20% of the patients. Housewifeliness (44% represented the majority of the patient activities. It was found that the relative frequency of several parameters used to assess patient satisfaction with the hospital care was

  12. Associação entre controle ambiental domiciliar e exacerbação da asma em crianças e adolescentes do município de Camaragibe, Pernambuco Relationship between home environmental control and exacerbation of asthma in children and adolescents in the city of Camaragibe in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Rosane M. Barreto de Melo

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A hipersensibilidade aos ácaros da poeira doméstica, mofo e pêlos de animais é comum entre pacientes com asma. As medidas de controle ambiental estão entre as várias ações terapêuticas, e buscam reduzir a exposição aos alérgenos. OBJETIVO: Verificar a prevalência de controle ambiental adequado em uma população atendida pelo programa de saúde da família e a possível associação com exacerbações de asma em crianças e adolescentes na faixa etária de 5 a 14 anos no município de Camaragibe (PE. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal com 210 mães/responsáveis por crianças/adolescentes em que se aplicaram os formulários do International Study of Asthma and allergies in children para caracterizar a exacerbação das crises de asma, e em que se utilizou o Guia de Avaliação Ambiental do Alérgico na observação direta do quarto e da sala das residências. RESULTADOS: Entre as 210 crianças/adolescentes que apresentaram asma em 2001, foi observado controle ambiental adequado em 141 casos (67,1%, não havendo associação entre o grau de controle ambiental e menor freqüência (BACKGROUND: Hypersensitivity to dust mites, mold and pet dander found in the home is common among patients with asthma. Home environmental control to reduce exposure to allergens is one of various therapeutic measures that can be taken. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of adequate home environmental control among a study population monitored by the Family Health Program and to identify any possible correlation with the exacerbation of asthma among children between the ages of 5 and 14 in the city of Camaragibe, located in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. METHOD: A transversal study was carried out involving 210 mothers/guardians of children, to whom International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Children questionnaires were administered in order to characterize the exacerbation of asthma attacks. The Environment Assessment Guide of Allergic

  13. Cladocera (Crustacea, Branchiopoda of a temporary shallow pond in the Caatinga of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Leidiane Pereira Diniz

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to describe the composition and structure of cladocerans of littoral areas with and without macrophytes from a temporary shallow pond in the Caatinga of Pernambuco state (Brazil. Samples were taken between June 2011 and August 2012. The sampling of cladocerans and environmental variables was performed at four fixed points, using a plankton net (45 µm and a multiparameter probe. Twenty-two cladoceran species were recorded, with two new occurrences for Pernambuco state: Chydorus cf. brevilabris and Macrothrix superaculeata. The species richness of non-planktonic cladocerans (16 was higher than that of planktonic ones (4. The mean density was 186.7 ± 273.6 ind. L-1. Macrothrix elegans, Diaphanosoma spinulosum and Ephemeroporus hybridus were the most abundant. The fluctuation index of the main species showed greater instability during the driest months or greater rainfall, a pattern not observed for the environmental data. However, the pond did not show limnological and cladoceran structure differences between the dry and rainy seasons and between the areas with and without macrophytes. With the exception of temperature and rainfall, the structure and richness of cladocerans was not related to the fluctuation of the other variables. Warmer months had higher densities and richness of cladocerans. On the other hand, months of greatest rainfall had lower richness, especially for the Chydoridae family. Although this Caatinga pond is maintained exclusively by rainwater, the richness of cladocerans is high when compared to other tropical and subtropical ecosystems. These results suggest that rainfall and temperature exert greater control on the dynamics of cladocerans in the Caatinga's temporary shallow ponds, and demonstrate the importance of these ecosystems to biodiversity in the semiarid region.

  14. Ticks infesting amphibians and reptiles in Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil Carrapatos infestando anfíbios e répteis em Pernambuco, Nordeste do Brasil

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    Filipe Dantas-Torres

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Ticks infesting amphibians and reptiles in the State of Pernambuco are reviewed, based on the current literature and new collections recently carried out by the authors. To date, three tick species have been found on amphibians and reptiles in Pernambuco. Amblyomma fuscum appears to be exclusively associated with Boa constrictor, its type host. Amblyomma rotundatum has a relatively low host-specificity, being found on toads, snakes, and iguana. Amblyomma dissimile has been found on a lizard and also small mammals (i.e., rodents and marsupials. New tick-host associations and locality records are given.Os carrapatos encontrados infestando anfíbios e répteis no Estado de Pernambuco são revisados com base na literatura atual e em novas coletas realizadas recentemente pelos autores. Até o momento, três espécies de carrapatos foram encontradas sobre anfíbios e répteis em Pernambuco. Amblyomma fuscum parece estar exclusivamente associado à Boa constrictor, seu hospedeiro-tipo. Amblyomma rotundatum tem uma especificidade parasitária relativamente baixa, sendo encontrado em sapos, serpentes e iguana. Amblyomma dissimile já foi encontrado sobre um lagarto e também sobre pequenos mamíferos (isto é, roedores e marsupiais. Novas associações carrapato-hospedeiro e novos registros de localidades são apresentados.

  15. Ship hull fouling in the port of Recife, Pernambuco

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    Cristiane Maria Rocha Farrapeira

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Ports of big coastal cities are exposed to exotic species as a consequence of shipping traffic. As the Port of Recife receives an annual average of 491 ships from other regions of Brazil and from all over the world, this work was aimed at knowing which marine animals were passively transported on such vessels hulls, in order to map and monitor new bioinvasions in the area. Thus, 32 vessels of several origins were investigated between November 2005 and March 2006, samples were taken and the macrofauna identified. Sixty species of associated animals were identified, consisting of 28 sessile species, particularly the Cirripedia Balanomorpha and Lepadomorpha as dominants, 8 sedentary animals, namely Mytillidae and Dreissenidae and 23 free-living species, particularly, Caprellidae, Gammaridae, Tanaidacea, Turbellaria, Nemertea and Polychaeta. The first occurrence of Conchoderma virgatum was recorded with exact location for the Brazilian littoral, and Conchoderma auritum, Amphibalanus subalbidus and Haliplanella lineata were recorded for the first time at the littoral of Pernambuco State. The invasion pathway was confirmed for Amphibalanus reticulatus and Mytilopsis leucophaeta, invader species of the estuarine area of Recife's city. Megabalanus coccopoma was considered as a risk invader species for the region.Regiões portuárias das grandes cidades litorâneas estão sujeitas à recepção de espécies exóticas como conseqüência da movimentação dos navios. Como o Porto do Recife recebe uma média anual de 491 atracações de navios, provenientes de várias regiões do Brasil e do mundo, objetivou-se conhecer quais animais marinhos eram transportados passivamente nos cascos das embarcações para mapear e monitorar novas invasões biológicas na área. Assim, foram investigados 32 barcos de diversas origens, nos meses de novembro de 2005 a março de 2006, tendo a macrofauna sido amostrada e identificada. Foram encontradas 60 espécies de animais

  16. Karyological study of Amphisbaena ridleyi (Squamata, Amphisbaenidae), an endemic species of the Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha, Pernambuco, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    The karyotype of Amphisbaena ridleyi, an endemic species of the archipelago of Fernando de Noronha, in State of Pernambuco, Brazil, is described after conventional staining, Ag-NOR impregnation and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with a telomeric probe. The diploid number is 46, with nine pairs of macrochromosomes (three metacentrics, four subtelocentrics and two acrocentrics) and 14 pairs of microchromosomes. The Ag-NOR is located in the telomeric region of the long arm of metacentric chromosome 2 and FISH revealed signals only in the telomeric region of all chromosomes. Further cytogenetic data on other amphisbaenians as well as a robust phylogenetic hypothesis of this clade is needed in order to understand the evolutionary changes on amphisbaenian karyotypes. PMID:21637605

  17. Biografias e movimentos de luta por terra em Pernambuco Biographies and land claim movements in Pernambuco

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    Marcelo C. Rosa

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a contribuição das chamadas "lutas por terra" para a produção de novas formas de significação social na região da Zona da Mata de Pernambuco. Por meio da análise de entrevistas com militantes dos diversos movimentos que organizam ocupações de terra na região, foi possível compreender que, além da posse de um pedaço de terra, tais organizações criam condições inéditas para a transformação dos seus líderes em figuras de destaque nas instâncias políticas dos pequenos municípios da região, contribuindo assim para a modificação das estruturas tradicionais de poder.This paper analyzes the contribution of so-called 'land struggles' in the creation of new forms of 'social meaning' in a sugar plantation region of the Brazilian Northeast. Analysis of interviews with militants from various movements coordinating land occupations in the region reveals that, as well as supporting rural people's access to land, these organizations enable their leaders to become prominent figures in local urban politics, thereby contributing to the modification of traditional power structures.

  18. Economic disparities between EU states and regions

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    Ion CIUREA

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available EU has 27 Member States representing a community and a market of 493million citizens, which creates further economic and social disparities between thestates and their 271 regions. In a region in four, the GDP (gross domestic product percapita is 75% below the average for the EU-27. Based on the concepts of solidarity andcohesion, regional policy of the European Union favors reducing structural disparitiesbetween EU regions, the balanced development of the community and promoting aneffective equality of opportunity between people. Over the past 50 years, Europeancooperation has helped build highways, sewage plants, bridges, laboratories forbiotechnology. She helped to revive urban areas and neglected activities, throughcountless projects in the poorest regions of the Union.. Two key values: solidarity andcohesion, underlying these projects and the regional policy of the European Union. Theeconomic, social and territorial cohesion will always be at the heart of Europe Strategy2020, a key mechanism for achieving the priorities for a smart growth, sustainable andinclusive in the Member States and regions.

  19. Check-list of the Family Lamiaceae in Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Cecília de Fátima C. B. R. de Almeida

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available A survey of the family Lamiaceae in the state of Pernambuco revealed the presence of 20 genera encompassing 46 species. The genera with the highest number of exsiccatae were Hyptis and Ocimum; others had little representative material, and some taxa were collected only once. Regarding the phytogeographical distribution in the state, 9.1% of the registrations of species occurred in the coastal zone, 54.5% in the forest zone and 36.3% in the caatinga zone.O levantamento da família Lamiaceae no estado de Pernambuco revelou a existência de 20 gêneros aos quais estão subordinadas 46 espécies. Os gêneros com maior número de exsicatas foram Hyptis e Ocimum, outros tiveram poucos materiais representativos, existindo aqueles coletados uma única vez. Com relação a distribuição fitogeográfica no estado, 9,1% dos registros de espécies são da Zona do Litoral, 54,5% da Zona da Mata e 36,3% da Zona da Caatinga.

  20. Dimensionamento do PIB do agronegócio em Pernambuco

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    Djalma Leite de Araújo Neto

    2005-12-01

    GDP in Pernambuco represents 21.2% of the total state GDP, against 7.7% pointed out by official statistics for the primary sector.

  1. Regional and State Level Water Scarcity Report: Northeast United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicoletti, C. K.; Lopez-Morales, C. A.; Hoover, J. H.; Voigt, B. G.; Vorosmarty, C. J.; Mohammed, I. N.

    2010-12-01

    There are an abundance of large-scale, coarse resolution global water scarcity studies, but the existing literature fails to address regional and state specific scarcity measures. Moreover, while environmental water requirements are an integral factor in the development and implementation of sustainable water management practices, only recently has this notion been introduced to water scarcity research. In this paper, we argue that developing a preliminary measure of water scarcity, at the regional and state levels, will allow for more informed policy development. The goal of this study is to generate a more comprehensive understanding of water scarcity in the Northeast, by gathering fine scale data, applying a consistent methodology to the calculation of a scarcity index, and analyzing the results to see relative trends in spatio-temporal water scarcity. Public supply, irrigation, rural, industrial and thermo-power withdrawals have been compiled from USGS state water use publications from 1950 to 1985. Using the WBMplus water model runoff data, state specific in-stream environmental water requirements were calculated using the accepted hydro-ecological methodology. Water scarcity was then calculated as a ratio of water withdrawals to total available water minus environmental flow requirements for the system. In so doing, this study generates a spatially explicit and temporally varying water scarcity indicator (WSI) for the Northeastern United States between 1950 and 2000 at the regional and state levels at a five-year time interval. Calculation of a spatial and temporal water scarcity indicator enabled us to identify regions and specific states that were: slightly exploited (WSI 1.0). The minimum environmental water requirements to maintain in-stream aquatic and riparian ecosystems for the Northeastern states ranged between 27.5 to 36.3 percent of the mean annual runoff within Vermont and Maryland, respectively. The regional WSI values ranged between 0.199 in 1950

  2. Presença de Cryptosporidium spp em crianças com diarréia aguda em uma creche pública de Recife, Estado de Pernambuco Presence of Cryptosporidium spp in children with acute diarrhea in a public daycare center in Recife, State of Pernambuco

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    Wheverton Ricardo Correia do Nascimento

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar a freqüência de oocistos de Cryptosporidium spp em amostras fecais de crianças, de 1 a 14 anos, de uma creche pública localizada em uma comunidade carente da cidade do Recife, Pernambuco. A pesquisa foi realizada no período de 28 de junho de 2006 a 3 de abril de 2007, e envolveu 182 crianças. Das amostras analisadas 59 (32,4% foram positivas quanto à presença de oocistos de Cryptosporidium spp, e a faixa etária mais acometida foi a de 3 a 5 anos de idade (54,2%. A alta freqüência de amostras positivas para Cryptosporidium spp obtidas neste estudo comprovam que creches são ambientes propícios a essa ocorrência devido ao contato direto entre criança-criança, crianças e funcionários. A maior via de infecção por Cryptosporidium spp é a transmissão interpessoal, que é bem ilustrada em creches. A imaturidade, deficiências do sistema imune e hábitos higiênicos inadequados são fatores que também contribuem para esse tipo de infecção.The objective of the present study was to analyze the frequency of oocysts of Cryptosporidium spp in fecal samples from children aged one to fourteen years at a public daycare center located in a needy community in the city of Recife, Pernambuco. The investigation was carried out between June 28, 2006, and April 3, 2007, and involved 182 children. Among the samples analyzed, 59 (32.4% were positive regarding the presence of oocysts of Cryptosporidium spp, and the age group most affected was between three and five years (54.2%. The high frequency of samples positive for Cryptosporidium spp obtained in this study confirms that daycare centers are an environment that favors such occurrences, because of the direct contact between children or between children and staff. The most important infection route for Cryptosporidium spp is person-to-person transmission, which is well illustrated in daycare centers. Immaturity, deficiencies of the immune system and

  3. Analysis of the procedural and wastewater treatment at a beverage bottling industry in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil | Análise do tratamento processual e de águas residuais em uma indústria de engarrafamento de bebidas no estado de Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Emmanuelle Maria Gonçalves Lorena

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Currently, the issue of the conscious use of water is highlighted in worldwide discussion. This natural resource is consumed inappropriately generating waste and, in most cases, to discharge to the environment outside the minimum standards of acceptance. Great part of the industries need treated water as a resource to be incorporated in their processes, generating waste that should not be left as environmental liabilities, identifying legal action to act and reduce environmental impacts. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the treatment of wastewater in a beverage industry in the bottling process in the countryside of Pernambuco. a case study was performed through technical visit, the beverage bottling industry, as well as an exploratory research for collection of secondary data. The technical visit consisted of observe the water treatment steps, as well as prevailing environment laws. Analysis of the results, the industry performs preliminary treatment, primary and secondary, common process and sufficient for this type of effluent. Furthermore, there is the process of treating the effluent from the bottle washing process for use in beverage Industry "A" meets the recommendations of studied authors. In turn, the data of the test results have not been studied in this way, it is not possible to draw conclusions about the efficiency of the treatment process. Adding to this the need for further research for analysis of pollutants and hence the creation of effective methods to mitigate impacts from these industries.

  4. Water buffaloes productive system in the sugar-cane zone of Pernambuco, Brazil. Diagnostic and characterization Sistemas Produtivos de Búfalos na zona canavieira de Pernambuco, caracterização e diagnóstico

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    Juan Carlos José Panizza

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports the results of the characterization of the buffalo rearing system in the “Zona da Mata” of the Pernambuco State, Brazil. For data gathering the Northeastern buffalo’s raisers society (SNC, professional workers, other farmers and also people from the Pernambuco Sugar-Cane Growers Association (AFCP were contacted by means of interviews and visits to the production system. The buffalo production system came to the area in a planed way by farmers at the first half of the 70’s and expanded to today. The herd is composed of Murrrah, Jafarabadi and Mediterranean species although the mestizos are prevailing. However, it is still quite deficient of technologies despite an apparent integration of the buffalo’s system with the sugar cane industry. Measures to prevent main diseases like vaccinations are not adequately implemented. Extensive system directed to produce meat and milk as well as to handmade dairy products is predominant in the region. On the other hand the buffalo system has taken an important hole in the economic re-ordination of the “Zona da Mata” sugar cane monoculture diversification using areas not adequate for the sugar crop and contributing the region’s livestock sustainable development.O objetivo da condução deste trabalho foi realizar o diagnóstico da bubalinocultura na Zona da Mata do Estado de Pernambuco, nos aspectos sociais e tecnológicos. Para a coleta dos dados, primeiramente foram realizados contatos com a Sociedade Nordestina de Criadores (SNC, profissionais que atuam na área, agropecuaristas que atuam na região e com a Associação de Fornecedores de Cana de Pernambuco (AFCP, por meio de entrevistas informais e visitas às propriedades. Foram aplicados questionários para caracterização formal dos sistemas produtivos. A implantação da bubalinocultura na região se deu de forma planejada, iniciando-se na primeira metade da década de 70, estando em expansão. O rebanho é formado

  5. Avaliação do programa de promoção da atividade física Academia da Cidade de Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil: percepções de usuários e não-usuários Evaluation of the Academia da Cidade program to promote physical activity in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil: perceptions of users and non-users

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    Pedro C. Hallal

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo foi descrever usuários e não-usuários do Programa Academia da Cidade de Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. Foram selecionados quatro dos 19 pólos do programa. Para cada usuário sorteado, foi selecionado um não-usuário, que foi pareado ao usuário em termos de sexo, idade (±5 anos e local de residência. A amostra foi composta por 277 usuários e 277 não-usuários. Entre os não-usuários, 22% referiram nunca ter ouvido falar do programa. Entre os que já ouviram falar do programa, 54,3% o conhecem por terem visto um pólo. Entre os usuários, o principal motivo para a participação no programa foi "melhorar a saúde"; o tempo médio de participação no programa foi de 27,5 meses (DP = 23,1 e 72,8% relataram grau elevado de satisfação. O percentual de pessoas com percepção de saúde regular ou ruim foi significativamente maior entre os não-usuários (45,4% em comparação aos usuários (28,5%. Os usuários do Programa Academia da Cidade parecem estar satisfeitos. Estratégias de divulgação devem ser priorizadas para que o programa seja conhecido por um maior percentual de residentes de Recife.The aim of this study was to describe the profile of users and non-users of the Academia da Cidade Program to promote physical activity in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil. Four of the program's 19 units were sampled. Users (n=277 and non-users (n=277 were matched for gender, age (±5 years, and place of residence. Among non-users, 22% had never heard of the program. Among those who knew of the program, 54.3% learned about it by actually having seen one of the units. Among users, the main reason for participating in the program was to improve their health; mean participation time was 27.5 months (SD = 23.1; and 72.8% reported high satisfaction. The proportion of individuals with fair or poor self-rated health was significantly higher among non-users (45.4% than users (28.5%. Users of the program appeared to be satisfied. Strategies to

  6. Dislipidemia entre crianças e adolescentes de Pernambuco Dyslipidemia among adolescents and children from Pernambuco - Brazil

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    Everaldo de Franca

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a prevalência de dislipidemia e sobrepeso entre crianças e adolescentes no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil. MÉTODOS: Durante a avaliação clínica, um questionário foi respondio por meio de entrevista com os pais, incluindo dados pessoais de cada criança e adolescente. Os critérios de exclusão foram história pessoal ou familiar de diabetes ou doença arterial coronariana (DAC. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas após jejum de 12 horas, e as seguintes avaliações foram realizadas por métodos enzimáticos: níveis séricos de colesterol total, colesterol LDL, colesterol HDL e triglicerídeos. Os dados foram analisados com o programa estatístico SPSS 11.5 que inclui o test-t de Student e o teste exato de Fisher. RESULTADOS: Das 414 crianças e adolescentes analisados no presente estudo, cerca de 30% apresentaram um perfil lipídico aterogênico, caracterizado por altos níveis de triglicerídeo, colesterol total e colesterol LDL. A prevalência de sobrepeso nesta amostra de Pernambuco foi 4%. As meninas apresentaram níveis de triglicerídeo e colesterol total mais elevados do que os meninos. Crianças e adolescentes apresentaram os mesmos valores de lipídios no sangue, o que não é esperado para crianças nessa fase do desenvolvimento. CONCLUSÃO: Na presente população, um prefil lipídico desfavorável sugere que programas objetivando a prevenção de doenças cardiovasculares e obesidade devem começar precocemente.OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of dyslipidemia and overweight among children and adolescents in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. METHODS: During clinical evaluation, a questionnaire was completed through interviews with parents and included personal details of the children and adolescents. An exclusion criterion was personal or parental history of diabetes or coronary artery disease (CAD. Blood samples were collected from subjects who had been fasting for 12 hours, and the following evaluations

  7. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii among turkeys on family farms in the state of Northeastern Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii in turkeys and chickens on family farms in the semi-arid region of the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. In order to do so, 204 sera samples from turkeys were analyzed using the Modified Agglutination T...

  8. Uso de suplementos vitamínicos e/ou minerais por crianças menores de seis meses no interior do estado de Pernambuco Use of vitamin and/or mineral supplies by infants under six months of age in the interior of Pernambuco State

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    Maria de Fátima Gallindo de Melo

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: descrever o uso de suplementos vitamínicos e/ou minerais em crianças, do nascimento até o sexto mês de vida, bem como avaliar a associação entre o uso dos suplementos e características socioeconômicas, biológicas, padrões alimentares e de assistência à saúde. MÉTODOS: o estudo compreendeu uma sub-amostra de 399 crianças que pertenciam a um estudo coorte, realizado no interior de Pernambuco. RESULTADOS: a proporção de crianças que recebeu vitaminas e/ou minerais foi de 18,8%. O uso desses suplementos aumentava com a idade da criança, OR=4,38 com 17 semanas e OR=9,82 com 26 semanas de vida, quando comparadas com as crianças na idade de quatro semanas. O maior uso de suplementos foi observado naquelas crianças de melhor renda e entre aquelas que não compartilhavam o domicílio com outras menores de cinco anos. As mães com idade igual ou superior a 25 anos recorreram mais à suplementação para seus filhos do que aquelas mais jovens. A duração mediana do aleitamento materno esteve associada à suplementação de vitaminas e/ou minerais, sendo menor entre as crianças que utilizaram esses medicamentos. CONCLUSÕES: verificou-se a utilização do recurso medicamentoso como via de ingestão de vitaminas e/ou minerais em lactentes cujas necessidades nutricionais poderiam ser atendidas através do aleitamento materno exclusivo.OBJECTIVES: to describe the use of vitamin and or minerals supplements in children from birth to six months of age, as well as to assess the association between supplements use and social, economic, biological features, nutrition standards and healthcare. METHODS: the study comprised a sub-sample of 399 children in a cohort study performed in the interior of Pernambuco. RESULTS: the proportion of children receiving vitamin and/or minerals supplements was of 18.8%. The use of these supplements increased with the child's age, OR=4.38 with 17 weeks and OR=9.82 with 26 weeks of age when compared

  9. Remoção de cádmio a partir da argila de Toritama (estado de Pernambuco ativada termicamente em sistema de banho finito Removal of cadmium from thermally activated Toritama (Pernambuco state, Brazil clay under finite bath conditions

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    M. L. P. Silva

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho tem como objetivo caracterizar a argila de Toritama, estado de Pernambuco, na sua forma "in natura" após ativação térmica a 500 °C visando sua utilização na remoção de Cd2+. A argila "in natura" foi caracterizada por meio de espectrometria de raios X por energia dispersiva (EDX, difração de raios X e análise textural usando adsorção física de nitrogênio (BET. As argilas ativadas termicamente (100, 200, 300, 400 e 500 °C foram caracterizadas por difração de raios X. A argila ativada termicamente a 500 °C foi caracterizada por EDX e BET. A remoção do Cd2+ pela argila ativada termicamente foi realizada em sistema de banho finito. O tratamento térmico modificou levemente a área, como mostrou a análise de área de superfície específica, mas não modificou a distribuição de diâmetro de poros. Os dados experimentais para o sistema de banho finito se ajustaram aos modelos estudados, Langmuir e Freundlich; no entanto, o modelo de Freundlich foi mais satisfatório. O processo de remoção de cádmio em sistema de banho finito pela argila de Toritama ativada termicamente a 500 °C só atinge o equilíbrio depois de 120 min e apresenta um percentual de cerca de 86,8% de remoção de cádmio.The purpose of this study is to characterize the clay of Toritama (Pernambuco, Brazil, in its form "in nature", and also after thermal activation at 500 °C, aiming its use in the removal of Cd2+. The clay "in nature" was characterized byg X-ray spectrometry by dispersive energy (EDX, X-ray diffraction (XRD, and surface area measurement by physical adsorption of nitrogen (BET. The thermally activated clay (100, 200, 300, 400 e 500 °C was characterized by XRD. The thermally activated clay (500 °C was characterized by EDX and surface area measurement (BET. The removal of Cd2+ by the thermally activated clay was carried out in a finite bath system. The thermal treatment of the clays slightly modified their area but did not

  10. Rumen ciliate protozoa in sheep raising in the caatinga region of Pernambuco State, Brazil População de protozoários ciliados no rúmen de ovinos criados na caatinga de Pernambuco

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    Gladston Rafael de Arruda Santos

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available This work sought to determine the number and genus of rumen ciliate protozoa in caatinga sheep raising, before and four hours after feeding them. There were collected 10 mL of ruminal fluid which was fixed in 10 mL of 10% formalin. After counting and identification of genera, the variables were submitted to variance analysis, the means compared by Tukey test and accomplished of simple correlation test between protozoa and chemical composition diet. Among found genera there was predominance of Entodinium (around 90%. Holotricha subclass only Isotricha genus was registered which represented 1.94% of population. The percentage of protozoa only varied (P <0.05 for Eodinium genus. It’s highest variation was showed in May 2005. Related to the collection schedule, only the pH, the medium number of Entodinium gender and total number of protozoa presented significant difference, being larger before feeding the animals. Other genera also presented the same behavior, thus reflecting the stability of ruminal environment for animals without access to night feeding. The protozoa of Entodiniomorphid subclass present high positive correlation with level of total digestible nutrients and crude protein of the diet. This reflects the necessity, for microorganism, of energy and protein for synthesis (cellular division and storage.Objetivou-se com este trabalho determinar o número e gênero de protozoários ciliados no rúmen de ovinos criados na caatinga antes da alimentação e quatro horas após. Foram coletados 10 mL de fluido ruminal, fixados em 10 mL de formalina a 10 %. Após contagem e identificação dos gêneros, as variáveis foram submetidas à análise de variância, as médias comparadas pelo teste de Tukey, sendo, ainda, realizado o teste de correlação simples entre protozoários e a composição química da dieta. Dentre os gêneros encontrados, houve predominância do gênero Entodinium (em torno de 90%. Da subclasse Holotricha, foi registrado somente o gênero Isotricha que representou em média 1,94% da população. A percentagem de protozoários só variou (P<0,05 para o gênero Eodinium, sendo maior em maio de 2005. Com relação ao horário de coleta, somente o pH, a concentração média do gênero Entodinium e o número total de protozoários apresentaram diferença significativa, sendo maior antes da alimentação. Os protozoários da subclasse Entodiniomorpha apresentam correlação positiva (P<0,05 com o nível de nutrientes digestíveis totais e a proteína bruta da dieta, o que reflete a necessidade, pelo microrganismo, de energia e proteína para a síntese (divisão celular e armazenamento.

  11. Prevalence of Endoparasites in Faecal Samples of Cracids Bred in Captivity at the Parque Dois Irmãos, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    A. L. B. Cunha

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Among the many problems arising from poor sanitation that can affect wild birds maintained in captivity, parasitic afflictions are among the most frequent, and their effects can range from subclinical infections to death. Some of the most common cases involve endoparasites, principally if the species under consideration exists at a high population density. This being so, the aim of the current work was to report on the prevalence of endoparasites in faecal samples from cracids (curassows and allies bred in captivity at the Parque Dois Irmãos, Recife, Pernambuco state in Brazil. To do this, faecal and sand samples were collected from the enclosures of birds of the family Cracidae belonging to the collection from the Parque Dois Irmãos, which originated from private collections from the Metropolitan Region and Forest Zone of the State of Pernambuco. Four lots of faecal and sand samples were collected over a 60-day period, giving a total of 84 faecal samples from 58 individuals of 21 species of cracids. The material collected was submitted for coproparasitological tests using the right method and spontaneous sedimentation. The results obtained were positive for Strongyloides sp., Ascaridia sp., Capillaria sp. and cysts of Entamoeba coli, as well as eggs belonging to the superfamily Strongyloidea.

  12. A Pluriatividade na Zona da Mata de Pernambuco: o turismo rural como uma viável alternativa econômicaThe pluriactivity of the Zona da Mata in Pernanbuco: rural tourism as a viable economic alternativeLa Pluriactividad en la Zona da Mata de Pernambuco: el turismo rural como una viable alternativa económica

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    LISBOA FILHO, Waldeck

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOEste artigo tem como objetivo analisar se o turismo rural pode ser apontado como uma alternativa de diversificação econômica para a Zona da Mata do Estado de Pernambuco. A principal fonte econômica desta região é a agroindústria canavieira. No entanto, esta atividade vem perdendo dinamismo com o encerramento das atividades de um grande número de unidades produtoras de açúcar e álcool, agravando a situação de pobreza de milhares de pessoas que vivem nesta região. O meio rural está passando por um processo de grandes transformações, tais alterações vão desde a inversão radical das correntes migratórias até o surgimento de novas atividades econômicas não precisamente agrícolas. O Turismo Rural, uma atividade pluriativa, vem sendo apontado como uma viável alternativa de diversificação econômica para a Zona da Mata do Estado de Pernambuco, diante da crise da agroindústria canavieira. Caracterizada pelas belezas naturais, históricas e arquitetônicas, esta região vem registrando o crescimento de tal atividade.ABSTRACTThis article aims to analyze whether the rural tourism can be indicated as an option for economic diversification of Zona da Mata of the State of Pernambuco. The main economic source of this region is sugar-cane agricultural industry. However, this activity is losing dynamism with the end of activities of a large number of sugar and alcohol producing plants, thereby aggravating the poverty condition of thousands of people who live in that region. At the present, rural environment goes through a process of great changes, from the radical inversion of migratory currents to the appearance of new economic activities, which are not necessarily agricultural. Rural tourism, a pluri-active activity, is presently considered as a feasible alternative of economic diversification for "Zona da Mata" of the State of Pernambuco against the crisis experienced by sugar-cane agricultural industry. Characterized by the

  13. FATORES DE RISCO RELACIONADOS À OCORRÊNCIA DO TIMPANISMO ESPUMOSO EM BOVINOS CRIADOS NA REGIÃO DO AGRESTE MERIDIONAL DO ESTADO DE PERNAMBUCO, BRASIL

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    Carla Lopes de Mendonça

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available With the aim of analyzing the effects of risk factors such as feed, raising system, season, lactation period, gender and animal age on the occurrence of foamy bloat in bovines, a retrospective study was carried out on 60 clinical cases of the illness in bovines treated at the Bovine Clinic of the Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Garanhuns Campus (Brazil, between January 1989 to December 2007. Epidemiologically, data on risk factors obtained from medical charts were related to the occurrence of foamy bloat. Among the 60 animals affected, 54 (90% received diets with a high content of concentrates; palm was one of the ingredients in the diet of 41 animals. The raising system was semi-intensive to intensive for 48 (80% animals. The majority of animals affected were females (57/60, 44 (84.08% of which were in the lactation phase. A greater occurrence of cases of foamy bloat (62% was recorded in summer. The ruminal fluid in these animals had a pH value that oscillated between 7 and 8, was of a foamy consistency and had a negative effect on the microbiota. The interrelation of risk factors such as diet rich in concentrate, intensive to semi-intensive production system, summer (dry season, the first and second lactation period, associated to the interaction of factors inherent to the individual animal and ruminal microbiota are important to the etiopathology of foamy bloat in the southern-central semi-arid region of the State of Pernambuco, Brazil.

  14. Sexualidade e prevenção de DST/AIDS: representações sociais de homens rurais de um município da zona da mata pernambucana, Brasil Sexuality and STD/AIDS prevention: social representations by rural men in a county in the Zona da Mata region in Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Maria de Fátima Paz Alves

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho analisamos as concepções de homens rurais residentes na zona da mata pernambucana sobre suas práticas sexuais e a prevenção de DST/AIDS. Ele baseia-se numa metodologia de natureza qualitativa, tendo sido entrevistados 22 homens. Os resultados indicam que a primeira relação sexual destes apresenta um caráter de aprendizado, sendo marcada, por vezes, pela violência. Que eles fazem distinção entre mulheres "de casa e da rua", reconhecem o desejo feminino e valorizam a reciprocidade nas relações sexuais, diferenciando o sexo que se faz com distintas categorias de mulheres. Sete homens relatam experiências homoeróticas na adolescência, atribuídas à imaturidade, que não afetam a identidade heterossexual. O uso do preservativo, percebido negativamente, é inconstante e irregular, concorrendo com o conhecimento da parceira. As DSTs são pouco temidas ao passo que a AIDS é associada à morte, não vendo-se os entrevistados sob risco de contraí-la. Ambigüidades presentes no discurso, aliadas a uma atuação pouco eficaz dos serviços de saúde e campanhas de prevenção, evidenciam um elevado nível de exposição ao risco de contrair DST/AIDS por parte dos entrevistados e suas/seus parceiras/os.This study analyzes the concepts displayed by rural men in the Zona da Mata region in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil, concerning their sexual practices and STD/AIDS prevention. The study adopts a qualitative methodology, having interviewed 22 men According to the interviews, their first sexual intercourse is characterized as a learning experience and is sometimes marked by violence. They make a distinction between the "woman at home" and "street women"; they acknowledge women's sexual desire and value reciprocity in sexual relations, differentiating between the kinds of sex they have with different categories of women. Seven men report homoerotic experiences during adolescence, which they ascribe to immaturity, not affecting

  15. Novas ocorrências de Briófitas para Pernambuco, Brasil New occurrences of Bryophytes to Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisi Dámaris Pereira Alvarenga

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Levantamentos da flora de briófitas em duas áreas remanescentes de Floresta Atlântica, a Reserva Ecológica (RE Gurjaú (08°10'00''S e 35°02'30''O; 50-150 m n.a.m. e a Reserva Particular de Patrimônio Natural (RPPN Frei Caneca (08º42'37''S e 35º50'01''O; 500-750 m n.a.m., resultaram no registro de 15 novas ocorrências para o Estado de Pernambuco. São elas 11 hepáticas das famílias Cephaloziaceae, Jubulaceae, Herbertaceae, Lejeuneaceae, Lepidoziaceae, Metzgeriaceae e quatro musgos das famílias Calymperaceae, Pterobryaceae, Sematophyllaceae e Thuidiaceae. Sete destas espécies são também novas referências para a região Nordeste. As espécies são ilustradas e comentadas quanto aos caracteres taxonômicos mais relevantes.Floristic surveys of Bryophytes in Atlantic Rain Forest remnants from Reserva Ecológica (RE Gurjaú (08°10'00''S e 35°02'30''O; 50-150 a.s.l. and Reserva Particular de Patrimônio Natural (RPPN Frei Caneca (08º42'37''S e 35º50'01''O; 500-750 a.s.l., registered 15 new ocurrences to Pernambuco State. They are 11 liverworts of Cephaloziaceae, Jubulaceae, Geocalycaceae, Herbertaceae, Lejeuneaceae, Lepidoziaceae, Metzgeriaceae and four mosses of Calymperaceae, Pterobryaceae, Sematophyllaceae and Thuidiaceae. Seven of these species are new references for Northeastern area of Brazil. The species are illustrated and commented about relevant taxonomic characters.

  16. Sociodemographic, clinical and epidemiological aspects of Tuberculosis treatment abandonment in Pernambuco, Brazil, 2001-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soares, Marcelo Luiz Medeiros; Amaral, Nathália Alves Castro do; Zacarias, Amanda Correia Paes; Ribeiro, Leila Karina de Novaes Pires

    2017-01-01

    to describe abandonment rates according to sociodemographic, clinical and epidemiological characteristics of new tuberculosis cases being treated in Pernambuco State, Brazil. this is a descriptive ecological study using data from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases from 2001 to 2014; the abandonment rate was calculated by the Regional Administration on Health (GERES). of the 57,015 new cases, 6,474 (11.3%) abandoned treatment, although abandonment decreased from 16.4% (2001) to 9.3% (2014); the abandonment rate in GERES I Recife, III Palmares, IV Caruaru, VIII Petrolina and IX Ouricuri was still >5% in 2014; the rate was higher in males (11.9%), people aged 20-39 (12.7%), people with incomplete elementary school (12.1%), black-skinned people (13.7%), institutionalized people (12.5%) and those with pulmonary + extrapulmonary tuberculosis (14.1%). despite the decrease, the abandonment rate remained high; males, adults with low education level, black-skinned people, institutionalized patients and patients with pulmonary + extrapulmonary tuberculosis seemed more prone to abandoning treatment.

  17. Delivery care and the inadequacy of the obstetric care network in Pernambuco

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    Lucia Katharina Rohr

    Full Text Available Abstract Objectives: this study aims to evaluate parturition distribution of live-born children within the First Health Regional Administration (GERES I in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil in 2012. Methods: live Birth Certificates were used to evaluate displacements between pregnant women's residential municipalities and birth localities. Flux maps were constructed to represent pregnant women transferred to Recife, and the estimated number of live-borns with high-risk and regular births was calculated for each municipality. Results: in 2012, only 50% of the births of live babies in the GERES I took place at the original residential municipality of the mother. In Recife, the number of childbirths was 1.5 times greater than expected for this year, with 56% representing non-residents. Eleven municipalities of the GERES I have maternity hospitals, however, none of these responded to the expected number of regular risk births. Conclusions: this disruption of the obstetric network leads to the disrespecting of women's right to know beforehand the place of childbirth and to create bonds with it. Municipalities perform fewer childbirths than expected, resulting in unnecessary transfers and the overloading of maternity hospitals in Recife.

  18. Mortality, TB/HIV co-infection, and treatment dropout: predictors of tuberculosis prognosis in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil Mortalidade, co-infecção por HIV/AIDS e abandono do tratamento como fatores prognósticos para tuberculose em Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Mirian Pereira Domingos

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available This non-concurrent cohort study aims to identify predictors of tuberculosis mortality in a large population database in Brazil. Tuberculosis, death, and TB/HIV cases were validated respectively from the tuberculosis surveillance (SINAN/TB, mortality (SIM, and SINAN/AIDS databases for a five-year period. Analysis included proportional hazard models with relative risk estimates. Out of 5,451 individuals reported with tuberculosis, 320 (5.9% died (incidence and mortality rates of 98.6 and 12.2/100 thousand inhabitants, respectively. After adjustment, relative risk of dying from tuberculosis was 9.8 for individuals > 50 years of age; 9.0 for TB/HIV co-infection; 3.0 for mixed TB clinical presentation; and 2.0 for treatment dropout. In the multivariate model, using cases with HIV/AIDS, all adjusted predictors lost significance except mixed clinical presentation (RR 1.9; 1.1-3.1. TB/HIV co-infection is an important predictor of TB mortality. However, among individuals without HIV/AIDS, mortality is still highly associated with older age, mixed clinical forms, and treatment dropout.Este estudo de coorte não concorrente objetivou identificar fatores associados ao óbito por tuberculose em pacientes notificados ao sistema de vigilância de tuberculose (SINAN/TB, residentes em Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, de 1996-2000. Óbito por tuberculose e co-infecção HIV/AIDS foram validados nos Sistemas de Mortalidade (SIM e SINAN/AIDS. Análise de sobrevida modelos de riscos proporcionais de Cox foram utilizados. Dos 5.451 indivíduos diagnosticados (coeficiente de incidência de 98,6/100 mil habitantes, 320 (5,9% foram ao óbito por tuberculose (coeficiente de mortalidade de 12,2/100 mil habitantes. O risco relativo ajustado de morrer foi de 9,8 para maiores de 50 anos, 9,0 para indivíduos com co-infecção HIV/AIDS, 3,0 para aqueles com apresentação mista e 2,0 para pacientes que abandonaram o tratamento. Quando se estratificou a população em dois grupos

  19. Família, álcool e violência em uma comunidade da cidade do Recife Family, alcohol and violence in a community located in Recife, Pernambuco state

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    Zélia Maria de Melo

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo investigar as relações entre o uso de bebidas alcoólicas e comportamentos violentos a partir da organização familiar em famílias de uma comunidade de baixa renda localizada em Recife, Pernambuco. Foram entrevistadas setenta e nove famílias, escolhidas de forma aleatória, distribuídas nas seis microáreas que compõem a comunidade. A princípio foi aplicado um questionário seguido de uma entrevista semidirigida. Os dados colhidos pelo questionário foram submetidos à análise estatística descritiva e as entrevistas semidirigidas foram contempladas a partir da análise de conteúdo. Nenhum padrão de organização familiar se mostrou imune ao uso de bebidas alcoólicas e à possibilidade de comportamentos violentos. O uso abusivo de bebidas alcoólicas nos finais de semana, associado a fortes pressões socioeconômicas, estilo educacional rígido e punitivo, ambiente sociocultural complexo e exigente, conduz essas famílias, freqüentemente, a comportamentos violentos, impulsionados e modulados por esses mesmos elementos.This research aims to investigate the relations between the alcoholic beverage use and violent behavior in families of a low income community located in Recife, Pernambuco. Seventy-nine families were interviewed, chosen randomly, distributed in the six micro-areas that compose the community. At first a questionnaire was applied, followed by a semi directed interview. The data obtained through the questionnaire was submitted to the descriptive statistic analysis and the semi directed interviews went through content analysis. No standard family organization was shown to be immune to the alcoholic beverage use and the possibility of violent behavior. The abusive alcoholic beverage use in the weekends associated with strong socio-economic pressures, rigid and punitive educational style, and complex and demanding socio-cultural environment, frequently leads these families to violent

  20. Microflora de Bromeliáceas do estado de Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Luis Tavares de Lyra

    1976-01-01

    Full Text Available O autor estudou a microflora de dois gêneros de BROMELIACEAE: Hoenbergia e Portea. As coletas do material foram feitas em seis regiões do Estado de Pernambuco; 1 Região da Mata-Úmida; 2 Região da Mata-Seca; 3 Região do Agreste Central; 4 Região do Agreste Setentrional; 5 Região do Agreste Meridional; 6 Região do Recife. As seguintes diatomáceas indicadoras de águas poluídas (espécies oligossaprobias foram encontradas nas seis regiões estudadas: Gomphonema parvulum (Kutz Grunow., Hantzschia amphioxys Grunow, Pinnularia borealis Ehr., Pinnularia microstauron (Ehr Cleve, gomphonema gracile Ehr., Nitzschia palea Kutz., Melosira roeseana Rabenh., Navicula mutica Kutz., Navicula cryptocephala Kutz., Eunotia pectinalis (Kutz Rabenh. Foram também observadas CHLOROPHYCEAS nas estações chuvosa e seca nas diversas regiões. Algumas são indicadoras de oligossaprobidade: Scenedesmus quadricauda (Turpin brebisson. Chlorococcum sp., Chlorella sp. Os fatores ecológicos e comentários referentes ás diatomáceas foram anotados no texto. A tabela I indica a frequência das diatomáceas nas seis regiões estudadas. Maior número dessas diatomáceas, registramos nas regiões do Agreste. A tabela II mostra a temperatura e pH da água de Hoenbergia e Portea em ambas as estações do ano (inverno e verão. Observamos a ocorrência de larvas de culex em Portea e hoenbergia, entretanto, raramente encontramos larvas de Anopheles. As coletas foram feitas durante as estações chuvosa e seca em Hoenbergia e Portea. Determinamos 35 espécies provenientes de 78 amostras coletadas durante o período de 26 meses.The author studied the microflora from two genera of Bromeliaceae: Hoenbergia and Portea. The material was collected in six natural regions of Pernambuco State: 1 Humid Forest Region; 2 Dry forest region; 3 Central Agreste Region; 4 Setentrional Agreste Region; 5 Meridional Agreste Region; 6 Recife Region. The following diatoms that indicate polluted

  1. Application of the exploratory analysis of data in the geographical discrimination of okra of Rio Grande do Norte and Pernambuco

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    Francisco Santos Panero

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The contents of Cu, Zn, Na, Fe, K, Ca, Mn, Mg, PO43-, Cl- and SO42- were determined in samples of okra of the municipal districts of Caruaru and Vitória de Santo Antão, in Pernambuco, as well as in the municipal districts of Ceará-Mirim, Macaíba and Extremoz in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. The objective of this work is the application of two methods of  exploratory analysis of data: Principal Component Analysis - PCA and Hierarquical Cluster Analysis - HCA in the geographical discrimination of okra originating in the states of Rio Grande do Norte and Pernambuco. The results showed that Cl- and Na were the main elements for the differentiation of the samples of Rio Grande do Norte and, the samples of Pernambuco presented the largest amount of Fe, Cu, Mn, Mg, Ca, Zn, K, PO43-, and SO42-. Boths the methods of exploratory analysis of data investigated are efficient for geographical discrimination of okra originating in Rio Grande do Norte and Pernambuco.

  2. Nosologia das doenças da mão de crianças e jovens operados em mutirões realizados em hospital de referência no estado de pernambuco Nosology of hand diseases in children and adolescents operated in provisional facilities in a model hospital - pernambuco state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauri Cortez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Relatar a frequência das doenças congênitas da mão operadas em sistema de mutirão no SOS Mão de Recife entre 2005 e 2009. MÉTODOS: Foram coletadas as informações de 833 crianças e adolescentes examinados em oito missões. RESULTADOS: Entre os pacientes, 306 (36,7% foram operados; 240 (78,4% por malformações congênitas e 66 (21,6% por lesões adquiridas. As malformações congênitas mais frequentes foram: sindactilia, 72 (30,0% casos; polidactilia, 30 (12,5% casos; polegar bífido, 19 (7,9% casos; malformação complexa da mão, 14 (5,8% casos; mão em fenda, 13 (5,4% casos; dedo em gatilho, 12 (5,0% casos; camptodactilia, 11 (4,6% casos; e braquisindactilia, nove (3,7% casos. As lesões adquiridas mais frequentes foram: lesões por trauma obstétrico, 26 (39,4% casos; sequela de trauma de mão, 18 (27,3% casos; sequela de paralisia cerebral, sete (10,6% casos; sequela de choque elétrico, cinco (7,6% casos; e sequela de queimadura, quatro (6,1% casos. CONCLUSÃO: A nosologia das doenças de mão é similar a de grandes séries de cirurgias eletivas, particularmente no que diz respeito às deformidades congênitas. As frequências das lesões adquiridas parecem ser mais altas do que as das séries internacionais. O sistema de mutirão de cirurgia de mão é importante para diminuir a carência dessa atividade em instituições públicas e tem se mostrado muito eficiente. O êxito do projeto pode oferecer subsídio para o Sistema Único de Saúde admitir cirurgiões da mão em sistema de plantão ou sobreaviso nas unidades de emergência.OBJECTIVE: To report the frequencies of congenital hand diseases in patients who underwent surgery in a provisional clinic as part of the Hand of Recife SOS- Recife, Pernambuco, from 2005 to 2009. METHODS: The information was collected from 833 children and adolescents cared for in eight missions. RESULTS: Among the patients, 306 (36.7% underwent surgery; 240 (78.4% for congenital

  3. 77 FR 72742 - Approval and Promulgation of State Implementation Plans: State of Washington; Regional Haze State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-06

    ... for NO X for the TransAlta Centralia Generation LLC coal-fired power plant in Centralia, Washington (TransAlta). The Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) submitted its Regional Haze State... at 40 CFR 50.308. On December 29, 2011 Ecology submitted an update to the SIP submittal containing a...

  4. Avaliação bromatológica de espécies arbóreas e arbustivas de pastagens em três municípios do Estado de Pernambuco - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v28i1.657 Chemical composition of tree and bush species occurring in pastures of three locations in Pernambuco State - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v28i1.657

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    Mércia Virgínia Ferreira dos Santos

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa foi realizada nos Campos Experimentais de Itambé, Caruaru e Serra Talhada, pertencentes à Empresa Pernambucana de Pesquisa Agropecuária, e objetivou avaliar características bromatológicas de espécies arbóreas e arbustivas de pastagens. Para análises bromatológicas foram coletadas, nas épocas seca e chuvosa, amostras compostas de folhas e galhos com até 5,0 cm de diâmetro de espécies arbóreas e arbustivas presentes em áreas de pastagens. Os teores médios de MS das plantas foram de 38,89, 48,27 e 55,20% nos Municípios de Itambé, Caruaru e Serra Talhada, respectivamente. Para PB, observou-se valores de 15,87%, 14,09% e 10,19%, respectivamente. Os valores de FDN e de FDA foram de 52,37 e 37,63%, 46,33 e 30,33%, 50,25 e 35,07%, respectivamente. As espécies, independente do local, apresentaram melhor composição bromatológica no período chuvoso. Para utilização de espécies em sistemas silvipastoris, além da avaliação de características qualitativas, devem-se considerar aspectos de facilidade de propagação, adaptação às condições edafoclimáticas, tipo de animal e objetivo do sistema de produção animal.The research was conducted at the Experimental Fields of Itambé, Caruaru and Serra Talhada, owned by the Agricultural Research Company of Pernambuco (IPA. The aim was to analyze the chemical characteristics of tree and bush species grown on pasture land. In each Experimental Station, data was collected from a random sampling, during the dry and rainy seasons. Samples consisted of leaves and branches up to 5.0 cm of diameter. The average MS concentrations were 38.89, 48.27 and 55.20%. As for PB, the values observed were 15.87, 14.09 and 10.19%. The NFD and ADF concentrations were 52.37 and 37.63, 46.33 and 30.33, 50.25 and 35.07%, for Itambé, Caruaru and Serra Talhada, respectively. The studied species, independent of the region, presented better chemistry composition during the rainy season. Thus, for an

  5. Environmental Finance Center Serving EPA's Region 8 States

    Science.gov (United States)

    The National Rural Water Association, headquartered in Duncan Oklahoma, has been selected through a competitive grants process to establish a regional Environmental Finance Center (EFC) serving EPA Region 8 states.

  6. Costly Regional Landslide Events in the United States - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer contains information on costly regional landslide events in the 50 United States and Puerto Rico. The extents of the regional events were drawn from...

  7. Educação colonial em Pernambuco: um estudo de caso - Colonial education in Pernambuco: a case study

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    Luiz Gustavo Lima Freire, Portugal

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende reflectir sobre a educação colonial, especificamente durante o século 18, empreendida no Brasil, na Capitania de Pernambuco. Para cumprir esse objectivo utilizaremos alguns documentos do Arquivo Histórico Ultramarino procurando perceber como eles podem representar as ideias que vigoravam naquele período. Pretende-se nesse contexto, compreender quais eram as directrizes propostas para o ensino em algumas aldeias indígenas em Pernambuco e o quanto eram coerentes com a política pombalina e com os fundamentos do Iluminismo.Palavras-chave: Iluminismo, período colonial, educação, Pernambuco. COLONIAL EDUCATION IN PERNAMBUCO: A CASE STUDYAbstractThis article aims to reflect on the colonial education, specifically during the eighteenth century, held in Brazil in the province of Pernambuco. To meet this objective we will use some documents from “Arquivo Histórico Ultramarino” looking for to understand how they can representing the ideas that prevailed during that period. It is intended that context, to understand what were the proposed guidelines for teaching in some indian villages in Pernambuco and how were consistent with the policy of the marquis of Pombal and the foundations of the Enlightenment.Keywords: Enlightenment, colonial period, education, Pernambuco. EDUCACIÓN COLONIAL EN PERNAMBUCO: UN ESTUDIO DE CASOResumenEste artículo tiene como objetivo reflexionar sobre la educación colonial, específicamente durante el siglo 18, realizada en Brasil en la provincia de Pernambuco. Para lograr este objetivo vamos a utilizar algunos de los documentos de lo "Arquivo Histórico Ultramarino" buscando entender cómo pueden representar las ideas que prevalecieron durante ese período. Se pretende, en este contexto, entender cuáles fueron las directrices propuestas para la enseñanza en algunos pueblos indígenas en Pernambuco y cómo fueron coherentes con la política del marqués de Pombal y los fundamentos de la

  8. A new species of Scymnobius Casey (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae, Scymnini from Pernambuco, Brazil

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    José Adriano Giorgi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A new species of Scymnobius Casey (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae, Scymnini from Pernambuco, Brazil. Scymnobius pernambucensis sp. nov. from Pernambuco, Brazil, is described and illustrated. This is the third species of this genus recorded from Brazil.

  9. Atributos químicos de solos sob diferentes usos em perímetro irrigado no semiárido de Pernambuco Soil chemical properties under different uses in an irrigated area in the semi arid region of Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rossini Mattos Corrêa

    2009-04-01

    salinização do solo, tornando suas utilizações agrícolas menos sustentáveis.Soils developed at semi-arid climate can present salt accumulation, which compromise the agricultural use, being increased by inadequate irrigation management. Based on the use, the degradation of these soils can occur at higher or smaller intensity. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of soil uses based on physical and chemical properties of an irrigated area in the semi-arid region of northeastern Brazil. The soil uses were annual crops (C, fruticulture (F, pasture (P, discarded lands (D, or native vegetation (V. Disturbed soil samples were collected from the 0-10, 10-30 and 30-60 cm layers for chemical analysis, and undisturbed samples from the first two layers for soil density analysis. The indicators pH and electrical conductivity of the saturation extract, soil pH, available phosphorus, total organic carbon, exchangeable cations, calcium, magnesium, potassium, and sodium, cation exchange capacity, sum of bases, base saturation percentage, percentage of exchangeable sodium, and carbon stocks were subjected to multivariate analysis by Principal Component Analysis, and clustering by the Tocher method. The soil chemical properties under production systems was different from V; the chemical quality of the production systems C and D, and that of C and P was similar. For the uses C, D, P, and F, the values of the soil properties (pH, pH and electrical conductivity of the saturation extract, exchangeable calcium and magnesium, sum of bases, base saturation and available phosphorus was higher than for V in the three analyzed layers. The highest total organic carbon content was observed under F and P. The electrical conductivity of the saturation extract was higher under C, D and P than under F and V, indicating the beginning of a soil salinization process, thus characterizing them as less sustainable land uses.

  10. CHARACTERIZATION OF CUCURBIT PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND DISEASE PREVALENCE IN MUNICIPALITIES IN PERNAMBUCO

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    GERFFESON THIAGO MOTA DE ALMEIDA SILVA

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Cucurbits have great economic, nutritional and social importance in the Brazilian semiarid region. In this region, many factors can result in reduced productivity of these crops, especially fungal and viral diseases. Therefore, knowledge of cucurbits is crucial for proper disease management. The objective of this work was to identify the major diseases of cucurbits grown in some municipalities in the Hinterland of the state of Pernambuco. Thus, plant samples were collected with symptoms in crops in the municipalities of Salgueiro, Serra Talhada, Floresta, Petrolândia, Ibimirim, Custódia and Inajá. A questionnaire was also applied to gather information about the production profile of producers. Seven fungal pathogens infecting cucurbits were identified: Pseudoperonospora cubensis, Colletotrichum sp., Podosphaera xanthii, Rhizoctonia solani, Didymella bryoniae, Fusarium sp. e Alternaria sp., and three viruses as well: Papaya ringspot virus - watermelon strain (PRSV-W, Watermelon mosaic virus (WMV, Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV. It was found that in small crops, there is limited search for technical information om cropping, and these crops originate mostly from native seeds, in contrast to medium and large producers, who use improved cultivars. The melon and watermelon crops are the most commercially exploited, while pumpkins are used in subsistence agriculture. As for plant health problems, most respondents reported knowing the main diseases that occur in crops and perform disease control based on personal experience and / or through the help of the technical assistance provided by agricultural stores. In a few cases, in large farms, there was an agronomist to assist in this type of control.

  11. Evaluation of the influence of percent labeling of {sup 99m}Tc-MIBI on nuclear medicine procedures in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil; Avaliacao da influencia do percentual de marcacao do {sup 99m}Tc-MIBI em procedimentos de medicina nuclear em Recife, PE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereira, Jucilene Maria

    2003-08-15

    The aim of this work was to evaluate the influence of percent labeling of the radiopharmaceutical {sup 99m}Tc-MIBI on the procedures adopted by the nuclear medicine clinics in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, and their possible interference with image quality in myocardial perfusion examinations. This work was performed at two nuclear medicine services in Recife that use pharmaceuticals provided by two different manufacturers: Cardiolite, provided by Dupont and Cardiosyd, provided by SYDMA. The pH, percent labeling and stability of samples of {sup 99m}Tc-MIBI and the percent uptake in heart and liver of a number of patients were evaluated. The results showed that the pH values measured in all samples of both radiopharmaceuticals were within the limits recommended. In 48% of the Cardiolite samples, the percent labeling was less than 90%, which is the minimum recommended limit. On the other hand, 87,5% of the Cardiosyd samples measured values above 98%. Both radiopharmaceuticals had good labeling stability, even in samples with low percent labeling efficiencies. In spite of the higher percent labeling of Cardiosyd its heart uptake is similar to that observed with the Cardiolite, even when the percent labeling is lower than 90%. On the other hand, the image quality, according to physicians, evaluation was poorer for Cardiosyd images, due to high noise and poor sharpness. (author)

  12. An anthropometric survey using digital photogrammetry: a case study in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barros, Bruno; Soares, Marcelo

    2012-01-01

    This study was carried out in a partnership with the Federal University of Pernambuco and the Faculty of Human Motricity of the Technical University in Lisbon (Portugal). The aim of the study was the measurement of human body segments throughout the digital photogramety, comparing and analysing data into Recife sample and to validate the Digital System as anthropometric survey tool. The result of the analysis has introduced: Data from the sample; Data by age; Data by Sex; Data by ethnicity; Data by region of birth; Difference of data from population individually. Besides to prove the true efficiency of the software.

  13. [The labor migration sending regions in the state of Zacatecas].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamayo, J; Lozano Ascencio, F

    1991-01-01

    "In a preliminary survey in the state of Zacatecas, [Mexico,] we identified those municipalities which contribute most to the migration of Mexican workers to the United States; later, we corroborated our findings in situ and drew up an approximation of the geographic and economic characteristics of those municipalities, which make up 'migration sending zones or regions' in the state." (SUMMARY IN ENG) excerpt

  14. ASSOCIATIONS IN PROTECTED AREAS: RESTRICTIONS AND POSSIBILITIES IN THE EXPERIENCE OF TOURIST GUIDES IN CATIMBAU, PERNAMBUCO

    OpenAIRE

    SILVA, JOSILENE HENRIQUES DA; PIRES, MARIA LUIZA LINS E SILVA

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The aim of the current study is to analyze the organizational dynamics established by the Association of Tourist Guides and for the Development of Catimbau National Park (AGTURC - Associação de Guias do Turismo e do Desenvolvimento do Parque Nacional do Catimbau) as a way to structure the tourist activity in the park, which is located in Pernambuco State. This perspective is set in discussions about the changes the countryside has faced due to new territorial dynamics that have resul...

  15. Diversity of gall-inducing insects in the high altitude wetland forests in Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JC Santos

    Full Text Available We report on the richness of galling insects in the altitudinal wetland forests of Pernambuco State, Northeastern Brazil. We found 80 distinct types of insect galls on 49 species of host plants belonging to 28 families and 35 genera. Most of the galled plant species belong to Nyctaginaceae, Fabaceae, Meliaceae, Sapindaceae and Myrtaceae. The most common gall were spheroid and globoid; most galls were glabrous, predominantly green and with one chamber, and on the leaves. Most galls were induced by Cecidomyiidae (Diptera. The results of this study contribute to existing knowledge richness of galling insects and host-plant diversity in the altitudinal wetland forests of Northeastern Brazil.

  16. Ecologia da polinização de Raphiodon echinus (Nees & Mart. Schauer (Lamiaceae em Petrolina, PE, Brasil Pollination ecology of Raphiodon echinus (Nees & Mart. Schauer (Lamiaceae in Petrolina, Pernambuco State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Tatiana de Vasconcelos Dias

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Raphiodon echinus é uma espécie de hábito rasteiro, que ocorre espontaneamente em áreas de caatinga. No presente trabalho foram observados a biologia reprodutiva desta espécie com o objetivo de contribuir com informações sobre sua ecologia da polinização. As observações foram feitas em áreas de caatinga da Embrapa Semi-Árido, em Petrolina, PE. Para os experimentos de autopolinização espontânea, autopolinização manual, apomixia, geitonogamia, xenogamia, botões foram ensacados, emasculados e polinizados, quando necessário. Flores foram marcadas para estimar a polinização em condições naturais. Os visitantes florais foram observados das 7h30 min às 16h00, totalizando 45 horas de observações. As flores de R. echinus são infundibuliformes, de coloração violeta, exalam odor adocicado e estão reunidas em glomérulos. A antese é diurna, assincrônica, sendo mais freqüente no período da manhã, por volta das 07h00. A duração das flores é de aproximadamente 10 horas e cada inflorescência apresenta número variado de flores/dia. As flores são visitadas por abelhas e borboletas. Centris hyptidis foi responsável por 26% do total das visitas e, de acordo com o comportamento e freqüência de visitas, foi considerada como polinizador efetivo desta espécie. Quanto ao sistema de reprodução, R. echinus é autógama facultativa, produzindo frutos por autopolinização manual (70%, geitonogamia (63% e xenogamia (40%.Raphiodon echinus is a prostrate weedy species that occurs in the Caatinga. In this work, floral biology and reproductive system were observed in order to understand the pollination ecology of this species. Observations were made at Embrapa Semi-Árido, in Petrolina, Pernambuco. For the self-pollination, apomixis, geitonogamy and xenogamy experiments, buds were protected, emasculated, and pollinated when necessary. Flowers were tagged to estimate pollination success under natural conditions. Floral visitors

  17. ANÁLISE ESPAÇO-TEMPORAL DA EVAPOTRANSPIRAÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIA SOB DIFERENTES REGIMES DE PRECIPITAÇÕES EM PERNAMBUCO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALEXSANDRO OLIVEIRA DA SILVA

    2011-01-01

    70% of its total area. The months that presented the greatest and smallest water requirements in the State were January and July, respectively. The knowledge of spacial and temporal distribuition of ETo on Mesoregions of Pernambuco bring benefits to producers who can make water management more suited to local crops.

  18. RLC State and Regional Boundaries for the Former Soviet Union

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data set of state and regional boundaries was derived from the 1:3 million scale administrative boundaries (ESRI, 1998) for the land area of the Former Soviet...

  19. RLC State and Regional Boundaries for the Former Soviet Union

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — ABSTRACT: This data set of state and regional boundaries was derived from the 1:3 million scale administrative boundaries (ESRI, 1998) for the land area of the...

  20. State fragility and its regional implications for peace and stability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mandrup, Thomas

    Abstract: The East African region is characterized by heterogeneous units and by being conflict ridden. Historically the region has been plagued by both the overlay of the Cold war actors resulting in rivalry and intrastate wars, e.g. the conflict between Ethiopia and Somalia in the 1970’s. The end...... of the Cold war left a security void, and the fragility, and in some instances collapse, of the state structures resulted in new state formations and new conflicts, both intra- and inter-state in nature. However, conflicts and security challenges in East Africa are due to amongst other things porous borders...... the attempts setting up regional security institutions in the Greater Horn of Africa and asks if fragile states are capable of creating strong security institutions and effectively handling regional peace and security challenges?  ...

  1. Administrative Area Boundaries 2 (State Boundaries), Region 9, 2010, NAVTEQ

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — NAVTEQ Administrative Area Boundaries 2 (State Boundaries) for Region 9. There are five Administrative Area Boundaries layers (1, 2, 3, 4, 5). These layers contain...

  2. Automatic Regionalization Algorithm for Distributed State Estimation in Power Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Dexin; Yang, Liuqing; Florita, Anthony; Alam, S.M. Shafiul; Elgindy, Tarek; Hodge, Bri-Mathias

    2017-04-24

    The deregulation of the power system and the incorporation of generation from renewable energy sources recessitates faster state estimation in the smart grid. Distributed state estimation (DSE) has become a promising and scalable solution to this urgent demand. In this paper, we investigate the regionalization algorithms for the power system, a necessary step before distributed state estimation can be performed. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first investigation on automatic regionalization (AR). We propose three spectral clustering based AR algorithms. Simulations show that our proposed algorithms outperform the two investigated manual regionalization cases. With the help of AR algorithms, we also show how the number of regions impacts the accuracy and convergence speed of the DSE and conclude that the number of regions needs to be chosen carefully to improve the convergence speed of DSEs.

  3. Ocorrência de Cianobactérias no Reservatório de Mundaú, no Estado de Pernambuco, no Período de Janeiro de 2010 a Novembro de 2011 / Occurrence of Cyanobacteria in Mundaú Reservoir, in Pernambuco State During January 2010 to November 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edvani Maria da Silva

    2013-08-01

    is located in the municipality of Garanhuns - PE. Were analyzed 23 samples of water from of this reservoir at LACEN-PE. Of these, 21 (91.3% had densities above the maximum recommended by specifi c legislation. During this period there were intense cyanobacterial blooms in the months of April, May and from August to December. Since these last months are inserted in the dry season in this region, when there were high densities of certain species. Among the species the most important were Microcystis panniformis, Microcystis protocystis, Raphidiopsis curvata, Raphidiopsis mediterranea, Geitlerinema amphibium, Synechocystis aquatilis and Coelomoron Tropicale. We con-clude, therefore, that these cyanobacterial blooms, potentially producing cyanotoxins is a public health problem, because the reservoir Mundaú supplies the city of Garanhuns and other cities.

  4. Monitoramento do maçarico-branco, Calidris alba (Pallas (Aves, Scolopacidae, através de recuperações de anilhas coloridas, na Coroa do Avião, Igarassu, Pernambuco, Brasil Monitoring of the sanderling, Calidris alba (Pallas (Aves, Scolopacidae, across recuperations of color band, in the Coroa do Avião, Pernambuco State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel M. de Lyra-Neves

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Programas de marcação de espécies migratórias vêm sendo desenvolvidos desde a década de 1980, dentre eles o PASP Pan-American Shorebirds Programs, o qual, consistia na marcação de aves migratórias neárticas com anéis e bandeirolas coloridas possibilitando formação de códigos individuais permitindo a observação das aves marcadas sem que necessitasse capturar. Esta pesquisa objetivou a recuperação de códigos do PASP de indivíduos de Calidris alba (Pallas 1764 entre os anos de 1993 a 1995 na Coroa do Avião. Essas recuperações visuais demonstraram a fidelidade de Calidris alba ao seu sítio de invernada, a Coroa do Avião. O alto percentual de recuperações de Calidris alba, bem como, as recuperações de indivíduos anilhados na Lagoa do Peixe e em algumas áreas de invernada nos Estados Unidos, demonstram a utilização da rota do Atlântico e reforça a idéia de que bandos provenientes da costa leste do Alaska migram por esta rota. A idade máxima estimada para Calidris alba durante esta pesquisa foi de 11 anos, nada se tem sobre a idade desta espécie em bibliografias específicas no estudo de Scolopacidae.Marking programs for migratory species have been developed since the 1980 decade, among them the PASP Pan-American Shorebirds Programs which consisted in the marking of nearctic migratory birds with color bands and flags, enabling the development of individual codes, allowing the observation of the marked birds without the need of capture. The purpose of this study was the recuperation of PASP codes of individuals of Calidris alba (Pallas, 1764 between 1993 and 1995 in the Coroa do Avião. These visual recuperations demonstrated the fidelity of this specie to its winter site, the Coroa do Avião. The high percentual of recuperations of Calidris alba, as well as the recuperations of marked individuals in the Lagoa do Peixe and in some wintering areas in the United States, demonstrated the use of the Atlantic route and

  5. Catalan external activities and the Spanish state/region relationship

    OpenAIRE

    Olaussen, Åshild

    1999-01-01

    The theme of this thesis is the political activity carried out by the Spanish region Catalonia and directed towards actors outside the border of the Spanish State. I name this regional external activities "paradiplomacy", and ask: Can the paradiplomatic activity of Catalonia indicate a process of change in the Spanish system of governance? Is it a process of change that will reflect the tendencies of a "Europe of the regions"? As implied by the research questions does the thesis treat the Cat...

  6. Process management in supply chains: a case study in a company of textile industry of the agreste of Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cícero Marcolino Pessoa de Sousa

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The supply chain (SC integrates the process management of the target enterprise, providing a connection with their clients, suppliers and within itself. This type of management is dynamic and it covers the business processes that involve since the final consumer to the primary suppliers which provide products, services and information that generate value to the consumers and stakeholders. Given the importance of the integration of these processes on a SC, this paper’s objective is to elaborate a diagnosis to evaluate, and propose improvements relating to processes Management throughout the Supply Chain Management (SCM based on the model by Lambert et al. (1998 as well as through a SWOT analysis.  The present research has utilized a qualitative approach, adjusted to exploratory adapted to a case study applied on a company of the textile industry located on the wasteland region of Pernambuco state, and was conducted through personal interviews by the means of an elaborate questionnaire. The results show that there is a lack of process management models, which is a compromising factor to the efficiency of the processes involved on the SCM, as well as also show the need of formalization of the key-processes on the supply line.

  7. Occurrence of Mycoplasma synoviae on commercial poultry farms of Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mércia R. Barros

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The state of Pernambuco is the largest producer of eggs in the North and Northeast of Brazil and second one in the broiler production. Mycoplasmas are important avian pathogens, which cause respiratory and joint diseases that result in large economic losses. The aim of the present study was to investigate the occurrence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG and Mycoplasma synoviae (MS in broilers and commercial laying hens in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Tracheal fragments were analyzed from 55 healthy broilers, 35 broilers with respiratory signs and 30 commercial laying hens with respiratory signs, from 24 commercial poultry farms, each sample was composed of a pool of five birds. The bacteriological exam, PCR and nested PCR were used for the detection of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG and Mycoplasma synoviae (MS. All samples were negative in bacteriological isolation. In the PCR analyses, seven samples from birds with respiratory signs were positive for MS and one was positive for MG, the latter of which was confirmed as the MG-F vaccine strain. The occurrence of MS in chickens with respiratory signs may indicate inadequate sanitary management on poultry farms, favoring the propagation of mycoplasmosis.

  8. Genetic analyses, phenotypic adaptability and stability in sugarcane genotypes for commercial cultivation in Pernambuco.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutra Filho, J A; Junior, T C; Simões Neto, D E

    2015-10-05

    In the present study, we assessed the agro-industrial performance of 22 sugarcane genotypes adaptable to edaphoclimatic conditions in production microregions in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil, and we recommended the commercial cultivation of select genotypes. The variables analyzed were as follows: sucrose percentage in cane juice, tonnage of saccharose per hectare (TPH), sugarcane tonnage per hectare (TCH), fiber, solid soluble contents, total recoverable sugar tonnage (ATR), and total recoverable sugar tonnage per hectare (ATR t/ha). A randomized block design with 4 repeats was used. Combined variance of the experiments, genetic parameter estimates, and environment stratification were analyzed. Phenotypic adaptability and stability were analyzed using the Annicchiarico and Wricke methods and analysis of variance. Genetic gain was estimated using the classic index and sum of ranks. Genotype selection was efficient for TPH, TCH, and ATR t/ha. Genotypes presented a great potential for improvement and a similar response pattern in Litoral Norte and Mata Sul microregions for TPH and TCH and Litoral Norte and Litoral Sul microregions for ATR t/ha. Genotypes SP78-4764, RB813804, and SP79-101 showed better productivity and phenotypic adaptability and stability, according to the Wricke and Annicchiarico methods. These genotypes can be recommended for cultivation in the sugarcane belt in the State of Pernambuco.

  9. [Legal decisions on access to medicines in Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stamford, Artur; Cavalcanti, Maísa

    2012-10-01

    To analyze decisions from the legal system concerning the population's access to medicines within the Brazilian Public Health System through judicial channels, with regard to decision-making criteria and possible political and economic pressure. This was a descriptive retrospective study on documents with a quantitative and qualitative approach. Data were gathered from the State of Pernambuco Superintendency for Pharmaceutical Care, and the data sources used were 105 lawsuits and administrative reports between January and June 2009. It was ascertained which medications have a patent or patent request in the database of the Brazilian Patent Office (INPI), in order to identify the frequency with which patents feature in lawsuits. The data obtained were classified according to Anatomical and Therapeutic Chemical System. To analyze the judicial decisions, the theory of autopoietic social systems was used. There were lawsuits involving 134 medications, with an estimated value of R$ 4.5 million for attending the treatments requested. 70.9% of the medications had a patent or a patent request and they were concentrated in three therapeutic classes: antineoplastic and immunomodulating agents; digestive tract and metabolism; and sensory organs. Six central ideas within judges' decision-making criteria were identified (the federal constitution and medical prescriptions), along with pressure between the legal, economic and political systems concerning access to medications. The analysis on judicial decisions based on the theory of autopoietic social systems made it possible to identify mutual stimulation (dependency) between the legal system and other social systems in relation to the issue of citizens' access to medications. This dependency was represented by the federal constitution and intellectual property. The federal constitution and medical prescription were identified as decision-making criteria in lawsuits. Intellectual property represented possible political and

  10. Caracterização de rizóbios isolados de Jacatupé cultivado em solo salino no Estado de Pernanbuco, Brasil Characterization of isolated rhizobia from Pachyrhyzus erosus L. cultivated in saline soil of the State of Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Dolores Santiago de Freitas

    2007-01-01

    morphologic, physiological and biochemical characteristics of bacteria provide important information regarding its identification and clusters. The objective of this work was to characterize indigenous rhizobial strains of saline soils in the Wasteland and Hinterland of Pernambuco State, using yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus L. Urban as plant-tramp. Assays had been performed in YMA media and the observed cultivation characteristics of twenty-four isolates had been: change of pH, time of growth, transparency, form, edge, production of exopolysaccharides of the colonies and resistance to salinity. DNA amplification by the PCR technique of the repetitive sequence BOX indicated a high level of genetic and fenotipic diversity between the thirteen indigenous isolates. Comparing cultivation and genetic characteristics of these isolates with nineteen reference strains, indicated that isolates NFB746 and NFB747 had presented high similarity between then and also with the Rhizobium sp. NGR234 (BR2406 and Mesorhizobium ciceri USDA3383 (BR521.The isolated NFB742 possibly belongs to of the same species of the M. ciceri BR521. In relation to the isolated NFB741, the similarity with the Rhizobium tropici IIA CFN299T (BR10016 and Sinorhizobium terangue USDA4894 (BR527 was of 87%. All others isolates had clustered in comparative independent groups when comared to reference lineages. These results are important for diagnosis of new species of native rhizobia in areas where the use of FBN can improve and rehabilitate saline soil using the rizobia-leguminous interaction.

  11. Clinical-epidemiologic profile of the schistosomal myeloradiculopathy in Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Conceição GM de Araújo

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This was a retrospective descriptive study on a series of cases of schistosomal myeloradiculopathy (SMR and the aim was to investigate the incidence of this disease and its clinical and epidemiological characteristics in cases diagnosed at three healthcare units in Pernambuco, Brazil between 1994-2006. The data were collected by reviewing the medical records from both the neurological and paediatric outpatient clinics and wards of the Hospital Clinics, Hospital of the Restoration and Pernambuco Mother and Child Institute. To gather the data, a spinal cord schistosomiasis evaluation protocol was used. The diagnoses were based on positive epidemiological evidence of schistosomiasis, clinical findings and laboratory tests (stool parasitological examination or rectal biopsies, magnetic resonance imaging findings and cerebrospinal fluid investigations. A total of 139 cases aged between 2-83 years were found. The most important determinants of SMR were male sex (66.2%, contact with fresh water (91%, origin in endemic regions (39.5%, lower-limb muscle weakness (100%, sensory level at the lower thoracic medulla (40.3%, myeloradicular form (76% and presence of eggs in the stool parasitological examination (48%. This sample indicates the need for intervention policies guided by diagnostic standardization, thereby avoiding disease under-notification.

  12. Maus-tratos contra idosos no município de Camaragibe, Pernambuco Elder abuse in Camaragibe, Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Lopes de Melo

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: descrever a situação de maus-tratos contra idosos no município de Camaragibe, na região metropolitana do Recife, Pernambuco. MÉTODOS: estudo descritivo de corte transversal com uma amostra representativa da população idosa do município, e submetida a questionário previamente elaborado conforme os objetivos do estudo. RESULTADOS: dos 315 idosos, 95,4% estavam na sexta e sétima década de vida, 65,2% eram mulheres e recebiam até dois salários mínimos (91,4%, 87,5% tinham casas próprias, com deficiente esgotamento sanitário (84,1% e baixo grau de escolaridade (97,1%. Sessenta e seis referiram sofrer maus-tratos. Desses, 65,2% eram do sexo feminino. O tipo de violência mais comum foi a psicológica (62,1%, seguida da física (31,8%, cometidas pelos próprios familiares dentro do próprio domicílio. As mulheres foram mais agredidas que os homens. 71,3% reagiram passivamente não sabendo a que órgão denunciar. No seu entendimento a comunidade era indiferente ao problema. CONCLUSÕES: os maus-tratos contra idosos apresentam-se como problema relevante para a saúde pública. Medidas educativas poderiam ser implementadas para esclarecê-los sobre direitos, facilitar a denúncia e a obtenção de apoio ou ajuda.OBJECTIVES: to describe the situation of abuse against the elderly in the municipality of Camaragibe, in the metropolitan region of Recife, Pernambuco. METHODS: cross sectional study with a representative sample of the elderly population in the municipality, subject to abuse and respondents to a previously designed questionnaire according to the objectives of the study. RESULTS: of the 315 elderly, 95.4% were in the sixth and seventh decade of life and 65.2% were women and received up to two minimum wages (91.4%, were house owners (87.5%, living in neighborhoods with deficient sewage systems (84.1% and low education level (97.1%. Seventy six claimed they were abused. Among these 65.2% were females. The most common type

  13. Phytoplankton nyctemeral variation at a tropical river estuary (Itamaracá - Pernambuco - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. R. Lacerda

    Full Text Available The Botafogo estuary is of socio-economical importance for Pernambuco State. It is located at the north of Santa Cruz Channel, Itamaracá, Pernambuco, Brazil (07º42'50"S and 34º52'10"W. There is a critical need to understand its functioning because of the rate at which this area is being converted to land uses. The phytoplankton dynamics was studied to enhance the knowledge of and verify the possible changes which have occurred in this ecosystem. Sampling was carried out with a plankton net 65 micrometers mesh size for qualitative data, and a Van Dorn bottle for quantitative data. Concurrent hydrological and chlorophyll-a data were collected. Samplings were made in one fixed station in July 1996 (rainy season and December 1996 (dry season, at 3-hour intervals during 24 hours. Eighty-seven specific and infra-specific taxa were identified from net plankton samples. Diatoms were most frequent, mainly Coscinodiscus centralis and Odontella regia in the rainy and dry seasons, respectively. Phytoplankton density varied from 205,000 to 1,210,000 cell.L-1 in the dry season, and from 230,000 to 2,510,000 cell.L-1 in the rainy season, indicating eutrophic conditions. Most numerically abundant were the diatoms Cyclotella meneghiniana and Cylindrotheca closterium and the phytoflagellates. The ecosystem is polluted, and deleterious effects are minimized by the marine influence which allows periodic water renewal.

  14. The cultural significance of plants of the Pernambuco indians: The Xucuru case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laise de Holanda Cavalcanti Andrade

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available The Index of Cultural Significance (ICS created at the end of the 1980´s, aims to register the value of each vegetable species and to disclose its importance for the biological and cultural survival of a traditional community. Initially, the ISC was considered and applied in aboriginal communities in Canada and the United States. Aiming to verify its applicability for Brazilian aboriginal groups, it was used in the present work to evaluate the cultural meaning of the useful species for the Xucuru tribe, in pesqueira county, Pernambuco. In Brazil, it is the first time that this index has been used with a northeastern aboriginal community, the Xucuru, one of the seven tribes remaining in Pernambuco. From informal interviews, 97 useful species were registered among trees, shrubs and grass growing in the Pedra D’Água forest (Humid Ororobá-Forest, in yards, and in small cultivated areas in the village. The ISC provided a numeric order of importance for the plants registered in the Xucuru tribe, much like the one observed in the field. Musa paradisiaca was the species of greatest meaning for the community (ICS 120, followed by Rosmarinum officinalis (ICS 92, Xerophyta plicata (ICS 88, Aspidosperma sp. (ICS 84 and Cymbopogon citratus (ISC 80. The place of distinct prominence for non-native species of the area (exotic evidences the importance that such species have acquired in the Xucuru culture.

  15. Long-term projections of national, regional, and state population

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McDonald, J.F.; South, D.W.

    1986-07-01

    The projections prepared by the US Bureau of the Census are the best available projections of total US population. The DRI projections of population at the regional and state level to the year 2008 are the best available and are consistent with the US Bureau of the Census projections of total US population. The DRI regional and state projections can be extended from 2008 to 2030 with a simple model based on economic opportunity, although an even simpler model - constant shares - is used for the 1985 test runs. The US Bureau of the Census prepares the best available projections of the US age-sex distribution.

  16. State and Regional Control of Geological Carbon Sequestration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reitze, Arnold [Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Durrant, Marie [Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)

    2011-03-01

    The United States has economically recoverable coal reserves of about 261 billion tons, which is in excess of a 250-­year supply based on 2009 consumption rates. However, in the near future the use of coal may be legally restricted because of concerns over the effects of its combustion on atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations. Carbon capture and geologic sequestration offer one method to reduce carbon emissions from coal and other hydrocarbon energy production. While the federal government is providing increased funding for carbon capture and sequestration, recent congressional legislative efforts to create a framework for regulating carbon emissions have failed. However, regional and state bodies have taken significant actions both to regulate carbon and facilitate its capture and sequestration. This article explores how regional bodies and state government are addressing the technical and legal problems that must be resolved in order to have a viable carbon sequestration program. Several regional bodies have formed regulations and model laws that affect carbon capture and storage, and three bodies comprising twenty-three states—the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, the Midwest Regional Greenhouse Gas Reduction Accord, and the Western Climate initiative—have cap-­and-trade programs in various stages of development. State property, land use and environmental laws affect the development and implementation of carbon capture and sequestration projects, and unless federal standards are imposed, state laws on torts and renewable portfolio requirements will directly affect the liability and viability of these projects. This paper examines current state laws and legislative efforts addressing carbon capture and sequestration.

  17. Regionalism, Cultural Diversity and the State in Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lecours, Andre

    2001-01-01

    Uses historical institutionalism to explain Spain's contemporary regional-cultural identities. Shows how these identities were molded by various historical forms of the Spanish state. Discusses four such forms in light of their impact on the country's identity landscape. (Author/VWL)

  18. Energy and minerals industries in national, regional, and state economies

    Science.gov (United States)

    D. J. Shields; S. A. Winter; G. S. Alward; K. L. Hartung

    1996-01-01

    This report presents information on the contribution of the extractive industries to the domestic economy at different geopolitical scales. Areas where resource production is important to gross state or regional product, employment, or income are highlighted. Output, employment, value added, and personal and total income multipliers are reported for the energy and...

  19. Pteridófitas de um remanescente de Floresta Atlântica em São Vicente Férrer, Pernambuco, Brasil: Pteridaceae Pteridophytes of a remainder of Atlantic Forest in São Vicente Férrer, Pernambuco, Brazil: Pteridaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcio Roberto Pietrobom

    2002-10-01

    ,, precipitation, as well as the distribution of those precipitations has fundamental importance for the vegetation of the area. Traditional methods were used to carry out the floristic survey. The usual methods and specialized literature were utilized for the analysis and identification of the collected specimens. Illustrations and geographic distribution of the species are presented, and also a description of new reference species and comments on families, genera and species. The work aims to contribute to a better floristic and ecological understanding of the pteridoflora of the Atlantic Forest Reserves located in the mountainous region of the Northeastern Brazil. The family Pteridaceae is represented in the studied area with by twenty especies distributed in seven genera (Pityrogramma Link, Adiantopsis Fee, Hemionitis L. with and Acrostichum L. with one specie each; Doryopteris J. Sm. with four species; Adiantum L. with nine species and Pteris L. a tree species and one variety. Adiantum humile Kunze is a new reference for the state of Pernambuco.

  20. Ecoepidemiologia da esquistossomose urbana na ilha de Itamaracá, Estado de Pernambuco Ecoepidemiology of urban schistosomiasis in Itamaracá Island, Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constança Simões Barbosa

    2000-08-01

    Biomphalaria glabrata and 28 capture station were set up. Snails were collected and examined each month throughout a whole year. The results show a seasonal variation in the mollusk population density associated with infection rates and types of breading sites. The importance of this new epidemiological profile of schistosomiasis in the State of Pernambuco relies on the fact that it can be related with the drastic human interference on the environment. Ecological, environmental, and demographic factors as well as the epidemiological characteristics of the disease have social and economic repercussions.

  1. Small State Strategies in emerging Regional Governance Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kluth, Michael Friederich; Lynggaard, Kennet

    2017-01-01

    such as spatial reconfigurations and alterations in the distribution of capabilities. Yet Denmark’s enabling role in relation to China seems to contravene that assumption. Why would a small state invite one of the world’s leading powers to enter its regional domain while its principle allies and regional partners...... – including USA and Canada – were still indecisive or outright hesitant? This article explores three possible explanations for the Danish support for China: 1) a domestic politics explanation featuring strategic use of discourse to entice Chinese investments in Arctic mineral extraction. 2) a securitisation...

  2. Mexico: a regional power or a failed State?

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    Karol Derwich

    2015-10-01

    Caribbean region for many years. This opinion has strong foundations. Territory, geographical location, economy, and political influence are the key factors that predestine this country to the role of a regional power. The democratic transition that has taken place in Mexico in last decades and economic cooperation with the United States also allow it to play a role of regional leader. However, Mexico has significant problems that make it difficult for the country to play the role of a real leader. The most important one is the development of narcobusiness. This phenomenon brings not only the growing activity of drug cartels but also the eruption of narcoviolence in Mexico. This gives rise to grave problems for the Mexican authorities. The development of narcobusiness is partially the result of weakness of some of its institutions. For example, police forces do not carry out their tasks and are closely related to the drug cartels. As a result, the Mexican state is incapable of assuring security to its citizens – one of the most important functions of every state. Is it able to control its territory? It definitely does not have a monopoly for the use of violence on its territory. Huge corruption enables different non-state actors to influence decision making processes. All these problems make substantiated theses that the Mexican state is dysfunctional in some areas. Some analysts go much further in their opinions and describe Mexico as a failed state. The aim of the paper is to analyze the present position of Mexico in Latin America and the Caribbean region. Are the contemporary problems so big that they can lead to the collapse of the Mexican state or does Mexico have a real potential to play the role of a local leader and regional power? The author would like to analyze the impact of the present day internal problems in Mexico’s geopolitical position.

  3. Estudos sobre a Esquistosomose em Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Aggeu Magalhães

    1940-01-01

    Full Text Available Os autores referem os resultados dos estudos sobre esquistosomose realisados, em Pernambuco, de Novembro de 1938 a Dezembro de 1939. Não se extendem em discussão, nem comentarios, tampouco, relacionam suas verificações com o que já foi relatado sobre o assunto em trabalhos nacionais e estrangeiros, pelo fato de que, não se trata de um resultado definitivo e sim de atividades que irão proseguir. Os estudos sistematicos em torno da endemia esquistosomica foram executados em duas localidades diversas pela população e pela situação geografica e ecologica. Pontezinha é uma povoação de 1200 habitantes localizada proximo a um conjunto de charcos e lagõas de agua dôce onde pululam caramujos do tipo olivaceus de Spix, e apresenta uma taxa de infestação de 21,4% para individuos do sexo masculino, e de 14,7% para os do sexo feminino. A distribuição por grupos de idade mostra que a incidencia cresce até o grupo de 16 a 20 anos de idade, quando atinge a percentagem de 37,8%, para decrescer em seguida. Em Vitoria a incidencia foi maior nos indivíduos do sexo feminino, atingindo a taxa de 41,4%, dando o sexo masculino a taxa de 36,9%. Por idade a percentagem maxima é atingida pelo grupo de 11 a 15 anos. Vitoria é uma cidade de 1500 habitantes, construida á margem do rio Tapacurá, onde se encontram numerosos caramujos do tipo centimetralis Lutz. A divergencia de incidencia corre por conta dos habitos da população e pela utilização que ela faz do rio, sendo maior em Vitoria porque a proximidade do rio facilita o uso de suas aguas para banho e serviços domesticos, condicionando este ultimo fato, a maior infestação das mulheres. O estudo da frequencia da infestação dos caramujos por cercarias de diversos trematodios, permite suspeitar uma relação inversa entre a taxa de infestação e o diametro maximo atingido pelos caramujos, parecendo este fato confirmar os trabalhos de Vianna Martins sobre a identidade dos hospedeiros

  4. Influence of globalization on the state management by regional development

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    V. H. Kovalchuk

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available It is detected that substantial influence on the state management by regional development have done the processes of globalization, particularly the transference from programs to strategies of regions development was held. Wherein there are a lot of social and economic benefits connected with usage of regional development strategies in the globalized world compared with traditional programs of development, the main of which are the following: strategies give more authority to local communities and contribute to dialogue establishing; strategies help to make the work of regional authorities more clear and responsible, and also they contribute the development of citizens community on the local level; strategies contribute the stable growing and creating of employment in local enterprises, which are able to adapt to conditions of socially economic situation in the World that changes permanently because of its orientation to the socially economic activity of particular territory depended on competitive benefits and features of its territory; strategies thanks to attraction to their realization of local entities interested in region development, and also because of economic activity improvement on particular territory contribute the quality increase of working places. Keywords: governance, regional development strategy, the processes of globalization.

  5. Energy diagnostic: the experience of the Polytechnic School of Pernambuco, Brazil; Diagnostico energetico: a experiencia da escola politecnica de Pernambuco

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Godoy, Antonio V. de; Santos, Reive B. dos [Companhia Hidroeletrica do Sao Francisco (CHESF), Recife, PE (Brazil); Diniz, Carlos F.D. [Centrais Eletricas de Pernambuco, Recife, PE (Brazil); Basto, O.T.; Souza, Daniela; Menezes, Rita K.

    1996-12-31

    This article seeks introduce the energy diagnostic results developed in the Polytechnic School of Pernambuco. The diagnostic activities have been divided in six phases: the installed energy survey, load shape survey, illumination level survey, cooling adequate dimensions, simulation study to choose of optimum tariff framing and the necessary investment survey. Finally, the outlines and the recommendations are established to avoid electrical use waste. 7 refs., 11 tabs

  6. Survey and prevalence of species causing Alternaria leaf spots on brassica species in Pernambuco Levantamento e prevalência de espécies causadoras da alternariose em brássicas em Pernambuco

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    Sami J Michereff

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Brassicaceae family comprises plant species that are very important as vegetable crops, such as the species complex Brassica oleracea and Brassica rapa. Alternaria brassicicola and A. brassicae are among the most important pathogens of Brassicaceae causing Alternaria leaf spot disease. The occurrence and prevalence of Alternaria species causing leaf spots in brassica crops in Pernambuco was acessed, as well as the existence of a possible preference by vegetable host for these pathogens. Twenty-eight fields were surveyed in the Agreste region of Pernambuco state, in the 2005 and 2006 growing seasons. In each year, 10 Chinese cabbage, six cabbage, six cauliflower and six broccoli fields were visited. In each field, 50 leaves showing at least five lesions were randomly collected. Species identification was performed taking into account morphology of the conidia that was compared with literature data. Among the two Alternaria species found, A. brassicae was found in all Chinese cabbage fields while A. brassicicola was found in all fields of cabbage, cauliflower and broccoli. Overall, A. brassicicola was more prevalent than A. brassicae. In Chinese cabbage there was predominance of A. brassicae, with mean prevalence of 91.0% and 96.5% in 2005 and 2006. On the other hand, in broccoli and cabbage there was high predominance of A. brassicicola, with mean prevalence between 95.1% and 99.8%. In cauliflower, although the prevalence has been of A. brassicicola, high frequency of A. brassicae was noted. The frequency of co-occurrence of both Alternaria species was very low. The results of this study reinforce the hypothesis of existence of host preference within species of Alternaria that cause leaf spots in brassica crops, especially when Chinese cabbage, broccoli and cabbage are considered. This information is critical to developing strategies for managing Alternaria leaf spots in Brassicaceae species.A família Brassicaceae possui espécies importantes

  7. Comparison of conventional Papanicolaou cytology samples with liquid-based cervical cytology samples from women in Pernambuco, Brazil

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    M.O.L.P. Costa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present study, we compared the performance of a ThinPrep cytological method with the conventional Papanicolaou test for diagnosis of cytopathological changes, with regard to unsatisfactory results achieved at the Central Public Health Laboratory of the State of Pernambuco. A population-based, cross-sectional study was performed with women aged 18 to 65 years, who spontaneously sought gynecological services in Public Health Units in the State of Pernambuco, Northeast Brazil, between April and November 2011. All patients in the study were given a standardized questionnaire on sociodemographics, sexual characteristics, reproductive practices, and habits. A total of 525 patients were assessed by the two methods (11.05% were under the age of 25 years, 30.86% were single, 4.4% had had more than 5 sexual partners, 44% were not using contraception, 38.85% were users of alcohol, 24.38% were smokers, 3.24% had consumed drugs previously, 42.01% had gynecological complaints, and 12.19% had an early history of sexually transmitted diseases. The two methods showed poor correlation (k=0.19; 95%CI=0.11–0.26; P<0.001. The ThinPrep method reduced the rate of unsatisfactory results from 4.38% to 1.71% (χ2=5.28; P=0.02, and the number of cytopathological changes diagnosed increased from 2.47% to 3.04%. This study confirmed that adopting the ThinPrep method for diagnosis of cervical cytological samples was an improvement over the conventional method. Furthermore, this method may reduce possible losses from cytological resampling and reduce obstacles to patient follow-up, improving the quality of the public health system in the State of Pernambuco, Northeast Brazil.

  8. Wind energy assessment and wind farm simulation in Triunfo - Pernambuco, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lima, Laerte; Filho, Celso

    2010-09-15

    The Triunfo wind's characterization, in Pernambuco state, situated in Brazilian northeast, and wind power potential assessment study shows a average wind speed of 11.27 m / s, predominant Southeast wind direction, average wind power density of 1672 W/m2 and Weibull parameters shape and scale equal to 2,0 and 12,7 m/s. The wind farm was simulated by using 850kW wind turbines (total of 20MW). The simulated shows AEP of 111,4 GWh, Cf of 62% and 5462 hours of operation by year. The economical simulated results, shows Pay-back of 3 years, TIR = 47% and VAN = 85.506kEuro booths @ 20 years time period.

  9. Representations of the Black in school reading books in primary schools of Pernambuco (1843-1897

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    Adlene Silva Arantes

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims to investigate images and representations of the Black conveyed in reading textbooks circulating in the primary schools of Pernambuco state in the Nineteenth Century. The research was guided by assumptions of the New Cultural History, History of the Book, and Reading History. We used as main sources of research reading textbooks used in primary schools of the period studied. We used as additional sources opinions on textbooks, reports of public education, and educational legislation. We found that the books showed the Black as inferior and uncivilized, and even when they were regarded as heroes such as Zumbi and Henrique Dias, the color of their skin interfered with their heroism.

  10. Visual diagnosis of solid waste contamination of a tourist beach: Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Araújo, Maria Christina Barbosa; da Costa, Monica Ferreira

    2007-01-01

    The solid waste accumulation patterns on Tamandaré beach, Pernambuco State (Brazil), was assessed from February 2001 to July 2002. This beach is easily accessible, frequently used, and there is a public cleaning service. The beach is under the influence of three small coastal drainage basins. The study visually divided the beach into 15 segments according to the level of solid waste contamination into absent (A), trace (B), unacceptable (C) and objectionable (D). The lowest levels of contamination were found at the middle part of the study area, the most vulnerable in respect to coastal erosion presenting numerous interventions on the beach, absence of native vegetation and lesser width. The highest levels of contamination were at the northern and southern ends of the area, where there are no developments, the beach morphology favours deposition of sediments, there is native vegetation and the beach is wider. The D level did not occur within the area.

  11. LOCAL PRODUCTION ARRANGEMENT OF IRRIGATED FRUIT CULTURE IN THE LOWER SÃO FRANCISCO RIVER, PERNAMBUCO/BAHIA: COMMERCIAL FLOWS AND LOCAL DYNAMICS

    OpenAIRE

    Leão, Éder Lira de Souza; Moutinho,Lúcia Maria Góes; Campos, Luís Henrique Romani

    2016-01-01

    The lower São Francisco river is an important area comprising municipalities in the states of Pernambuco and Bahia, Brazil. Local economical dynamics enhances Irrigated Fruit Culture and Grape Culture with important production and innovation arrangements. Current article analyzes the commercial flux of fruit culture activities since an important characteristic of the Local Production Arrangement (LPA) comprises the economic, political and institutional relation with territory outsiders. LPA i...

  12. Soil pollution of urban origin: environmental management of solid waste in the municipalities of Pernambuco Center Agreste | Poluição do solo de origem urbana: gestão ambiental de resíduos sólidos nos municípios do Centro de Pernambuco Agreste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabete Buonora de Souza Lira

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The Brazil has serious problems in the management of solid waste. The Pernambuco states occupies an area of approximately 98,146 square kilometers and is divided into 12 Regions Development, based on environmental, socioeconomic, cultural and geographic. The Northern Region Agreste has 19 municipalities with a population of approximately 430,222 habitants; the region faces problems of degradation and soil erosion, lack of sanitation, in addition to poor housing. Poor management and inadequate disposal have generated social and environmental impacts increasingly significant because the production system not only uses of natural resources, but also generates increasing amounts of materials in the form of waste on the environment. When using the landfill for final disposal of waste, this area suffers a high degree of negative environmental impacts such as contamination of the subsoil and groundwater in disposal sites. This research aims to present environmental problems on the management of municipal solid waste, its environmental damage of some municipalities of the Agreste and present some suggestions for programs and actions to improve environmental quality.

  13. Florística e fitogeografia da vegetação arbustiva subcaducifólia da Chapada de São José, Buíque, PE, Brasil Floristics and phytogeography of semideciduous vegetation on the São José plateau, Buíque, Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Ana Paula de Souza Gomes

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Foi realizado o levantamento da flora angiospérmica de um trecho de vegetação arbustiva subcaducifólia na Chapada de São José, Buíque, Pernambuco, com a finalidade de ampliar o conhecimento sobre a flora daquela chapada, bem como compreender suas relações florísticas com outros conjuntos vegetacionais do Nordeste, especialmente no semi-árido. A flora angiospérmica foi composta por 192 táxons, distribuídos em 130 gêneros e 60 famílias. Euphorbiaceae, Caesalpiniaceae, Myrtaceae, Mimosaceae, Fabaceae e Cactaceae foram as mais representativas em número de espécies. A análise de agrupamento revelou que o tipo de substrato exerce uma forte influência na repartição espacial das espécies dentro do semi-árido e confirmou a existência de um conjunto de espécies indicadoras das áreas sedimentares, formado por Caesalpinia microphylla Mart. (Caesalpiniaceae, Bocoa mollis (Benth. R.S. Cowan (Fabaceae, Byrsonima gardneriana A. Juss. (Malpighiaceae e Zanthoxylum stelligerum Turic. (Rutaceae. A flora da área de estudo é relacionada com a da caatinga do cristalino, caatinga de áreas sedimentares e carrasco. Todavia, o alto número de espécies de Myrtaceae, raras na caatinga, o carácter subcaducifólio da vegetação e a presença de Cactaceae e Bromeliaceae, típicas da caatinga, sugerem que a área de estudo representa o final de um gradiente que se inicia em áreas sedimentares situadas em menores altitudes.A floristic survey was carried out in a semideciduous vegetation on São José plateau with the objective of amplifying the knowledge of its angiospermic flora and establishing its relationship with other vegetations types in the semi-arid region of Northeast Brazil. The flora was composed by 192 taxa belonging to 130 genera and 60 families. Euphorbiaceae, Caesalpiniaceae, Myrtaceae, Mimosaceae Fabaceae and Cactaceae were the families with the highest numbers of species. A cluster analysis indicated influence of the soil type

  14. Rotifera das zonas limnética e litorânea do reservatório de Tapacurá, Pernambuco, Brasil Rotifera from littoral and pelagic zones of Tapacurá reservoir, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Viviane L. dos S. Almeida

    Full Text Available Os rotíferos do reservatório de Tapacurá, Pernambuco, Brasil foram estudados quanto à distribuição horizontal nas zonas limnética e litorânea, nos períodos chuvoso (agosto de 2003 e seco (janeiro de 2004. Amostras quali-quantitativas foram obtidas através de coletas em ritmo nictimeral nas distintas zonas do reservatório, com intervalo de seis horas, em duas profundidades. Os parâmetros bióticos riqueza, densidade, diversidade e equitabilidade foram avaliados. Análises de similaridade e variância (ANOVA também foram utilizadas. Vinte e oito espécies e duas subespécies de Rotifera foram encontradas, das quais cinco espécies são novas ocorrências para Pernambuco. A zona litorânea apresentou maior riqueza que a limnética em ambos ao período sazonais, com nove espécies exclusivas. As diferenças de densidade e equitabilidade entre as zonas do reservatório não foram significativas, ao contrário da diversidade, que apresentou-se mais elevada na zona litorânea no período seco (pThe rotifers of Tapacurá reservoir, State of Pernambuco, Brazil, were studied concerning the horizontal distribution in pelagic and littoral zones, in the rainy (August/2003 and dry seasons (January/2004. Qualitative and quantitative samples were carried out in nictimeral samplings in the different zones of the reservoir, with an interval of six hours in the two depths. Biotic parameters as richness, density, diversity and equitability were estimated. Similarity and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA were also used. Twenty-eight species and two subspecies of Rotifer were found from which five species are considered new occurrences in State of Pernambuco. The littoral zone presented higher richness than the limnetic zone in both seasonal periods with nine exclusive species. The density and equitability differences between zones of the reservoir were not expressive in opposite to diversity that was higher in the littoral zone in the dry season (p<0.01. The

  15. Optimization of Functioning of the Klintsovsky State Nature Reserve of Regional Importance in the Bryansk Region

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    Moskalenko Igor Vladimirovich

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper provides information on the current status of specially protected natural territories of the Bryansk region – namely, the Klintsovsky state nature reserve of regional importance located on the territory of the Bryansk region. The authors touch upon the problems of global biodiversity and conservation of rare and endangered plant species. The species composition is specified, and the habitats of rare plant species are revealed. The purpose of the research is to develop policies and programs aimed at the conservation of biodiversity and restoration of rare and endangered species of plants growing in the region, including in the Klintsovsky reserve of the Bryansk region. The authors have developed the methods on preservation and restorations of rare and endangered plants species populations growing in the reserve. For successful implementation of a number of issues on environmental trends, the authors identified the feasibility of establishing an interregional introduction center. The task of introduction center for issues related to the identification and involvement of economically valuable species of plants, including rare and endangered species in the center. The article also deals with the organization of research on their biology and ecology, modeling optimal conditions for mass breeding and cultivation of planting material and the development of programs for the implementation of these species in natural habitats in order to restore the size and population density.

  16. Estudo espacial da mortalidade por acidentes de motocicleta em Pernambuco

    OpenAIRE

    Silva,Paul Hindenburg Nobre de Vasconcelos; Lima,Maria Luiza Carvalho de; Moreira, Rafael da Silveira; de Souza, Wayner Vieira; Cabral,Amanda Priscila de Santana

    2011-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Analisar a distribuição espacial da mortalidade por acidentes de motocicleta no estado de Pernambuco. MÉTODOS: Estudo ecológico de base populacional, usando os dados de mortalidade por acidentes de motocicletas ocorridos de 01/01/2000 a 31/12/2005. As unidades de análise foram municípios. Para a análise da distribuição espacial dos óbitos foram construídos coeficientes médios de mortalidade, tendo como numerador os óbitos por acidentes de motocicletas registrados no Sistema de Infor...

  17. Regional Analyses of Precipitation Annual Maxima in Washington State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, M. G.

    1990-01-01

    Regional analyses of precipitation data were conducted using an index flood type methodology and probability weighted moments parameter estimates for the generalized extreme value distribution. Annual maximum series data were collected at 115 stations for durations of 2 and 6 hours and at 315 stations for the 24-hour duration. Because the climate in Washington State varies from arid to rain forest, the issues of homogeneity and region definition posed major problems. Those problems were circumvented by considering the state to be a heterogeneous superregion. Climatologically homogenous subregions within the superregion were defined in terms of mean annual precipitation (MAP) rather than geographic location. The subregional values of the coefficients of variation Cv and skew γ were found to vary systematically with MAP across the superregion. This allowed the superregional values of Cv and γ to be expressed as continuous variables instead of conventional fixed values and eliminated the boundary problems normally associated with subregion definition. The values of Cv and γ for the superregion were found to be largest for arid areas and shorter durations. Smaller values of Cv and γ were associated with humid and rain forest environments. All subregional solutions were within, or near, the extreme value type II family.

  18. State switching in regions of high modal density

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopp, Garrett K.; Kauffman, Jeffrey L.

    2016-04-01

    Performance of piezoelectric-based, semi-active vibration reduction approaches has been studied extensively in the past decade. Originally analyzed with single-degree-of-freedom systems, these approaches have been extended to multi-mode vibration reduction. However, the accompanying analysis typically assumes well-separated modes, which is often not the case for plate structures. Because the semi-active approaches induce a shift in the structural resonance frequency (at least temporarily), targeting a specific mode for vibration reduction can actually lead to additional vibration in an adjacent mode. This paper presents an analysis using a simplified model of a two-degree-of-freedom mass-spring-damper system with lightly-coupled masses to achieve two closely-spaced modes. This investigation is especially applicable to the resonance frequency detuning approach previously proposed to reduce vibrations caused by transient excitation in turbomachinery blades where regions of high modal density exist. More generally, this paper addresses these effects of stiffness state switches in frequency ranges containing regions of high modal density and subject to frequency sweep excitation. Of the approaches analyzed, synchronized switch damping on an inductor offers the greatest vibration reduction performance, whereas resonance frequency detuning and state switching each yield similar performance. Additionally, as the relative distance between resonance peaks decreases, the performance for the vibration reduction methods approaches that of a single-degree-of-freedom system; however, there are distances between these resonant peaks that diminish vibration reduction potential.

  19. Regional Climate Change Impacts in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayhoe, K.; Burkett, V.; Grimm, N.; McCarthy, J.; Miles, E.; Overpeck, J.; Shea, E.; Wuebbles, D.

    2009-05-01

    Climate change will affect one region differently from another. For that reason, the U.S. Unified Synthesis Product "Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States" broke down its assessment of climate change impacts on the country into 8 regions. Key highlights include: In the Northeast, agricultural production, including dairy, fruit, and maple syrup, will be increasingly affected as favorable climates shift northward. In the Southeast, accelerated sea-level rise and increased hurricane intensity will have serious impacts. In the Midwest, under higher emissions scenarios, significant reductions in Great Lakes water levels will impact shipping, infrastructure, beaches, and ecosystems. In the Great Plains, projected increases in temperature, evaporation, and drought frequency exacerbate concerns regarding the region's declining water resources. In the Southwest, water supplies will become increasingly scarce, calling for trade-offs among competing uses, and potentially leading to conflict. In the Northwest, salmon and other cold-water species will experience additional stresses as a result of rising water temperatures and declining summer streamflows. In Alaska, thawing permafrost damages roads, runways, water and sewer systems, and other infrastructure. And in the U.S. islands in the Caribbean and Pacific, climate changes affecting coastal and marine ecosystems will have major implications for tourism and fisheries. In addition, significant sea-level rise and storm surge will affect coastal cities and ecosystems around the nation; low-lying and subsiding areas are most vulnerable.

  20. Intoxicação espontânea por vagens de Prosopis juliflora (Leg. Mimosoideae em bovinos no Estado de Pernambuco Spontaneous poisoning in cattle by mesquite beans, Prosopis juliflora (Leg. Mimosoideae in Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio Carlos L. Câmara

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Descrevem-se três surtos de intoxicação por vagens de Prosopis juliflora no Sertão e Agreste de Pernambuco, na região semi-árida, em animais pastejando áreas invadidas pela planta ou que ingeriram as vagens como alimento concentrado. Em duas fazendas nas que a doença ocorria esporadicamente foram observados casos individuais. Em outra, o surto afetou um rebanho de 1206 bovinos, dos quais adoeceram 112 (9,28% e morreram 84 (6,96%, enquanto os demais 28 (2,32% recuperaram-se e ganharam peso após a retirada das vagens da alimentação. Clinicamente observou-se, principalmente, perda de peso progressiva, atrofia da musculatura da face e masseter, mandíbula pendulosa, protrusão de língua, dificuldade de apreensão e mastigação dos alimentos, torção da cabeça para mastigar ou ruminar, salivação excessiva, disfagia e hipotonia lingual. Nos exames laboratoriais constatou-se anemia e hipoproteinemia. Na necropsia havia caquexia e diminuição de volume e coloração acinzentada dos músculos masseteres. Na histologia observou-se degeneração de neurônios do núcleo motor do trigêmeo, degeneração Walleriana do nervo trigêmeo e atrofia muscular por denervação do músculo masseter com substituição por tecido fibroso. Recomendam-se medidas para a profilaxia da intoxicação e discute-se a necessidade de desenvolver pesquisas para determinar a viabilidade econômica e sustentabilidade da utilização da algaroba como alimento animal ou humano e para produção de carvão, lenha ou madeira.Three outbreaks of poisoning by Prosopis juliflora pods are reported in the semiarid region of the state of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil, in cattle grazing in fields invaded by the plant or ingesting mesquite beans as a concentrate food. In two farms the disease occurred sporadically. In another, 112 (9.28% cattle out of 1206 were affected, 84 (6.96% died due to emaciation, and 28 (2.32% gained weight after the pods had been withdrawn from the

  1. Epidemiology of La Crosse Virus Emergence, Appalachia Region, United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bewick, Sharon; Agusto, Folashade; Calabrese, Justin M; Muturi, Ephantus J; Fagan, William F

    2016-11-01

    La Crosse encephalitis is a viral disease that has emerged in new locations across the Appalachian region of the United States. Conventional wisdom suggests that ongoing emergence of La Crosse virus (LACV) could stem from the invasive Asian tiger (Aedes albopictus) mosquito. Efforts to prove this, however, are complicated by the numerous transmission routes and species interactions involved in LACV dynamics. To analyze LACV transmission by Asian tiger mosquitoes, we constructed epidemiologic models. These models accurately predict empirical infection rates. They do not, however, support the hypothesis that Asian tiger mosquitoes are responsible for the recent emergence of LACV at new foci. Consequently, we conclude that other factors, including different invasive mosquitoes, changes in climate variables, or changes in wildlife densities, should be considered as alternative explanations for recent increases in La Crosse encephalitis.

  2. 2016 State of Wind Development in the United States by Region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baranowski, Ruth [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Oteri, Frank [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Baring-Gould, Ian [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Tegen, Suzanne [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2017-04-19

    Significant expansion of wind energy development will be required to achieve the scenarios outlined in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE)'s Wind Vision: 20% wind energy by 2030 and 35% wind energy by 2050. Wind energy currently provides nearly 5% of the nation's electricity but has the potential to provide much more. The wind industry and the DOE's Wind Energy Technologies Office are addressing technical wind energy challenges, such as reducing turbine costs and increasing energy production and reliability. The Office recognizes that public acceptance of wind energy can be challenging, depending on the proximity of proposed wind farms to local populations. Informed decision makers and communities equipped with unbiased information about the benefits and impacts of wind energy development are better prepared to navigate the sometimes contentious development process. In 2014, DOE established six Regional Resource Centers (RRCs) across the United States to communicate unbiased, credible information about wind energy to stakeholders through regional networks. The RRCs provide ready access to this information to familiarize the public with wind energy; raise awareness about potential benefits and issues; and disseminate data on siting considerations such as turbine sound and wildlife habitat protection. This document summarizes the status and drivers for U.S. wind energy development during 2016. RRC leaders provided a report of wind energy development in their regions, which was combined with findings from National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) researchers to provide an account of the state of the regions, as well as updates on developments in individual states. NREL researchers and state partners added updates for all states that are not directly supported by an RRC. Accounts for each region include updates on renewable portfolio standards, the Clean Power Plan, workforce development, manufacturing and economic development, and individual

  3. Capacity region of the 3 receiver state dependent multilevel BC with noncausal state information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viswanathan Ramachandran

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available We consider a three receiver state dependent multilevel broadcast channel (BC, where the state information is known non-causally at the encoder as well as all the decoders. This is an extension of Nair and El Gamal’s three receiver multilevel BC (Nair and El Gamal, 2009, wherein two of the receivers decode only a common message while a third receiver decodes a private message as well. The objective is to characterize the rate tuples that are simultaneously achievable while ensuring negligible probability of error at each of the receivers. We characterize the capacity region of this setup in the paper.

  4. Dipterofauna do arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha (Pernambuco, Brasil Dipterofauna of Fernando de Noronha (Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Souto Couri

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho registra alguns dípteros da ilha de Fernando de Noronha (Pernambuco, Brasil, apresentando a riqueza das espécies e sua abundância. O material examinado foi coletado em julho de 1973. Oito famílias de Diptera, em um total de 11.515 indivíduos foram estudadas. Entre as famílias encontradas as sete seguintes são novos registros: Calliphoridae, Muscidae, Fanniidae, Stratiomyidae, Sepsidae, Otitidae e Tabanidae. As três primeiras e os Sarcophagidae (previamente registrada foram identificadas até o nível de espécie. As famílias mais abundantes foram Sepsidae e Calliphoridae com mais de 80% do total coletado, tendo Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabricius, 1775 como espécie dominante.This paper records some Diptera from the island of Fernando de Noronha (Pernambuco, Brazil, presenting the richness of species and their abundance. The material studied was collected in July 1973. Eight families of Diptera in a total of 11,515 specimens were studied. Among the families the following seven are new records: Calliphoridae, Muscidae, Fanniidae, Stratiomyidae, Sepsidae, Otitidae and Tabanidae. The first three and the Sarcophagidae (previously recorded were identified to species level. The most abundant families were Sepsidae and Calliphoridae with more than 80% of the total collected, having Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabricius, 1775, as the dominant species.

  5. Origem e conformação do campo da nutrição em saúde pública em Pernambuco: uma análise histórico-estrutural The origin and configuration of the field of nutrition in public health in Pernambuco: a historic-structural analysis

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    Francisco de Assis Guedes de VASCONCELOS

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar o processo de constituição do campo da Nutrição em Saúde Pública em Pernambuco, no período 1930-1982, correspondente à trajetória acadêmica de Nelson Chaves, fundador do Curso de Nutricionistas e do Instituto de Nutrição da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. A metodologia consistiu na análise das fontes escritas existentes, representadas pelas publicações dos cientistas envolvidos. A análise destas fontes sugere que a conformação deste campo científico constituiu um processo complexo, definido sob a influência de diferentes interesses, produzidos interna e externamente pela comunidade científica investigada. Por fim, procuramos demonstrar como um grupo de cientistas, a partir das suas preocupações em buscar soluções para a problemática da desnutrição infantil em Pernambuco, construiu o que chamamos de paradigma ecológico-humanista nutricional, contribuindo para a institucionalização do campo da Nutrição em Saúde Pública no Brasil.The objective of this study was to investigate the process that established the field of Nutrition in Public Health in the state of Pernambuco (Brazil, from 1930 to 1982. This period corresponds to the academic path of Nelson Chaves, founder of the Nutritionists School and of the Institute of Nutrition of the Federal University of Pernambuco. The methodology was based on the analysis of existing written sources, represented by the publications of the scientists involved. The analysis of the sources suggests that the configuration of this scientific field constituted a complex process, defined by the influence of distinct interests, produced both internally and externally by the scientific community investigated. Finally, this work tries to show how a specific group of scientists, starting from their own concerns to seek solutions to children's malnutrition in the state of Pernambuco, created what is commonly called the nutritional humanist

  6. Productivity Effects of United States Multinational Enterprises : The Roles of Market Orientation and Regional Integration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smeets, Roger; Wei, Yingqi

    2010-01-01

    Smeets R. and Wei Y. Productivity effects of United States multinational enterprises: the roles of market orientation and regional integration, Regional Studies. This paper considers the role of market orientation and regional integration in foreign direct investment (FDI) productivity effects.

  7. Niveis de metais pesados em aguas superficiais de um rio tropical, Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Marques Aprile, Fabio; Bouvy, Marc

    2010-01-01

    Mensalmente, a distribuicao e o enriquecimento de metais pesados (Fe, Mn, Cu, Pb e Zn) em aguas superficiais foram analisados em oito pontos de amostragem no rio Tapacura, Estado do Pernambuco, Brasil...

  8. The psychosocial effects of severe caries in 4-year-old children in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Sandra Feitosa

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to analyze the psychosocial effects of severe caries in 4-year-old children in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. The clinical examination was conducted by a single examiner in order to select children with severe caries and caries-free (kappa = 1. Of the 861 children examined, 77 (8.1% had severe caries and 225 (23.6% were caries-free. Data were collected by applying validated questionnaires answered by the parents or guardians. Most of the parents or guardians of children with severe caries reported that their children complained of toothache (72.7%, and a significant portion stated that their children had problems eating certain kinds of food (49.4% and missed school (26.0% because of their teeth. Most of the parents or guardians of children with severe caries (68.8% stated that oral health affects their children's life, while the same was stated by 9.8% of the parents or guardians of the caries-free children. Severe caries was found to have a negative impact on children's oral health-related quality of life.

  9. Water quality in Una River Basin – Pernambuco

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    Bianca Silva Tavares

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the water quality of the lower portion of Una River Basin, Pernambuco, by means of analysis of physical, chemical and microbiological parameters. The monitoring was conducted among October 2013 and March 2014. Sampling locations were in the cities of Catende, Palmares and Água Preta, selecting three collection points in each district. Parameters analyzed: temperature, electric conductivity, dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand, turbidity, potassium, pH, total phosphorus, thermotolerant coliforms, and Escherichia Coli. The results showed the water quality in the Basin Una River is outside of CONAMA standars Resolution 357/2005 for fresh water Class II parameters: dissolved oxygen, pH, phosphorus, thermotolerant coliforms and Escherichia Coli. Potassium concentration shows the discharge of effluents from the processing of sugar cane in the hydrous body did not affect the quality of the water. The main contamination source of water was the release of domestic sewage.

  10. Estudo espacial da mortalidade por acidentes de motocicleta em Pernambuco

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    Paul Hindenburg Nobre de Vasconcelos Silva

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a distribuição espacial da mortalidade por acidentes de motocicleta no estado de Pernambuco. MÉTODOS: Estudo ecológico de base populacional, usando os dados de mortalidade por acidentes de motocicletas ocorridos de 01/01/2000 a 31/12/2005. As unidades de análise foram municípios. Para a análise da distribuição espacial dos óbitos foram construídos coeficientes médios de mortalidade, tendo como numerador os óbitos por acidentes de motocicletas registrados no Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade e, como denominador, a população do centro do período. Utilizaram-se técnicas de análise espacial, suavização do coeficiente pelo método bayesiano empírico local e o diagrama de espalhamento de Moran, aplicados sobre a base cartográfica digital do estado. RESULTADOS: O coeficiente médio de mortalidade por acidentes de motocicletas em Pernambuco foi de 3,47/100 mil habitantes. Dos 185 municípios, 16 faziam parte de cinco conglomerados identificados com coeficientes de mortalidade que variaram de 5,66 a 11,66/100 mil habitantes, considerados áreas críticas. Três dessas áreas localizam-se na região de desenvolvimento sertão e duas no agreste. CONCLUSÕES: O risco de morrer por acidente de motocicleta é maior nas áreas de conglomerado em regiões fora do eixo metropolitano, sugerindo medidas de intervenção que considerem o contexto de desenvolvimento econômico, social e cultural.

  11. Reinterpretation of the tectonics and formation of the Pernambuco Plateau Basin, NE Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoggett, Murray; Jones, Stephen M.; Dunkley Jones, Tom; Reston, Timothy; Barbosa, Antonio; Biondo, Vanessa; Mort, Haydon P.

    2017-04-01

    The continental margin from Alagoas to Natal represents arguably the most frontier region for exploration on the Brazillian margin. High quality seismic data was not collected in the region for many decades as it was believed that only a few kilometers of sediment existed, and thus there was no exploration potential. Here we present the results of work done as part of an IODP virtual site survey. The work has resulted in a total reinterpretation of the basin structure and tectonics, including finding sediment filled half grabens holding up to 8km thick stratigraphic sections. The two deepest grabens likely represent rift jumps during breakup, which may imply different age sediments in the different grabens. The basin is also found to contain a sizable salt accumulation, previously uninterpreted due to hard overlying carbonates hampering seismic imaging. This salt can be seen to have been highly mobile in the past, and has developed into kilometer scale diapirs flanked by typical rollover anticlines. For the first time we show the basin has all the elements needed for a working petroleum system, with the exception a source rock - which cannot be speculated on further as the basin is undrilled. However source rock sequences are present in the Alagoas basin to the south, and recent released seep data show evidence for both biogeneic and thermogenic seeps over the plateau basin, which could also signal source rock presence. We present seismic and potential fields data, including forward potential fields models and seismically derived crustal stretching and thinning estimates, to show that the half grabens terminate abruptly at the latitude of the Pernambuco Shear Zone, a major crustal scale Precambrian shear zone. Onshore boreholes, well away from the deep seismically imaged half grabens offshore, find crystalline basement to drop away rapidly across the shearzone, revealing a third graben to terminate at the shear zone. We interpret this as that the preexisting

  12. The United States National Climate Assessment - Alaska Technical Regional Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markon, Carl J.; Trainor, Sarah F.; Chapin, F. Stuart; Markon, Carl J.; Trainor, Sarah F.; Chapin, F. Stuart

    2012-01-01

    The Alaskan landscape is changing, both in terms of effects of human activities as a consequence of increased population, social and economic development and their effects on the local and broad landscape; and those effects that accompany naturally occurring hazards such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and tsunamis. Some of the most prevalent changes, however, are those resulting from a changing climate, with both near term and potential upcoming effects expected to continue into the future. Alaska's average annual statewide temperatures have increased by nearly 4°F from 1949 to 2005, with significant spatial variability due to the large latitudinal and longitudinal expanse of the State. Increases in mean annual temperature have been greatest in the interior region, and smallest in the State's southwest coastal regions. In general, however, trends point toward increases in both minimum temperatures, and in fewer extreme cold days. Trends in precipitation are somewhat similar to those in temperature, but with more variability. On the whole, Alaska saw a 10-percent increase in precipitation from 1949 to 2005, with the greatest increases recorded in winter. The National Climate Assessment has designated two well-established scenarios developed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Nakicenovic and others, 2001) as a minimum set that technical and author teams considered as context in preparing portions of this assessment. These two scenarios are referred to as the Special Report on Emissions Scenarios A2 and B1 scenarios, which assume either a continuation of recent trends in fossil fuel use (A2) or a vigorous global effort to reduce fossil fuel use (B1). Temperature increases from 4 to 22°F are predicted (to 2070-2099) depending on which emissions scenario (A2 or B1) is used with the least warming in southeast Alaska and the greatest in the northwest. Concomitant with temperature changes, by the end of the 21st century the growing season is expected

  13. Estimating a theoretical model of state banking competition using a dynamic panel: the Brazilian case

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    Fábio A. Miessi Sanches

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we set up a model of regional banking competition based on Bresnahan (1982, Lau (1982 and Nakane (2002. The structural model is estimated using data from eight Brazilian states and a dynamic panel. The results show that on average the level of competition in the Brazilian banking system is high, even tough the null of perfect competition can be rejected at the usual significance levels. This result also prevails at the state level: Rio Grande do Sul, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Pernambuco and Minas Gerais have high degree of competition.

  14. Results of percutaneous nephrolithotomy performed in a regional state hospital

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    Taner Çiftçi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of percutaneous stone surgery that performe in a regional state hospital.Materials and methods: We retrospectively analyzed 183 percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL performed cases that treated at our clinic between June 2010 and July 2011. After necessary laboratory and radiological investigations, we performed PNL for the patients those diagnosed as having stones needed surgery. After surgery, we investigated radiologically whether residual stone fragments remained or not. When there were residual stone fragments (bigger than 4 mm, we performed ESWL, repeated percutaneous interventions and surveillance protocols. In six patients, open surgery was needed during PNL.Results: Of the totally 183 patients underwent PNL at our clinic, 102 were male and 81 were female. The mean age was 37.6 and mean stone burden was 35.5 mm2. Stone-free rate was 75.4% and the rate of the patients who have residual stones (bigger than 4mm was 25.7%. Stone free rates were 95% and 86% for stone burden lesser and more than 2 cm2, respectively. The mean blood loss was 186ml for per operational case. Totally four patients (8.5% underwent blood tranfusion.Conclusion: As a result, because of its high stone-free rates, the shorter hospital stay, minimal surgical scar and absence of wound infection, PNL is preserving its place for the treatment of stones bigger than 2 cm2. J Clin Exp Invest 2011; 2 (4: 371-374

  15. Pai Manoel, o curandeiro africano, e a medicina no Pernambuco imperial Pai Manoel, African healer, and medicine in Imperial Pernambuco

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    Rosilene Gomes Farias

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo relata a história de Pai Manoel, curandeiro que afirmava conhecer o remédio para o cólera. Escravo do engenho Guararapes, em Recife, durante o surto epidêmico de 1856 protagonizou episódio que colocou em xeque a atuação dos médicos e a eficácia dos tratamentos utilizados. O momento de crise deixou aparentes as tensões entre os que estavam autorizados a tratar os enfermos utilizando métodos científicos e outros, que o faziam a partir de saberes tradicionais. São discutidos temas como a configuração do campo da medicina no Brasil e, sobretudo, em Pernambuco, e as estratégias criadas para obter exclusividade de atuação e combater as formas de cura concorrentes.The article tells the story of Pai Manoel, a healer who claimed he had a remedy for cholera. A slave from the Guararapes sugarcane plantation in Recife, Pai Manoel was the center of an episode during the 1856 epidemic outbreak that called into question the work of physicians and the efficacy of the treatments they used. This moment of crisis revealed underlying tensions between those who were authorized to treat the infirm, applying scientific methods, and others, who used traditional knowledge in their treatment. The article discusses such topics as the shaping of the field of medicine in Brazil and, especially, in Pernambuco, and the strategies devised to guarantee the exclusive right to practice medicine and to combat competing forms of healing.

  16. Financing geothermal resource development in the Pacific Region states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-08-15

    State and federal tax treatment as an incentive to development and non-tax financial incentives such as: the federal geothermal loan guarantee program, the federal geothermal reservoir insurance, and state financial incentives are discussed. (MHR)

  17. Implementation of Solid Waste Policies in Pernambuco: a study from the institutional theory and interorganizational networks

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    Maria Luciana de Almeida

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Solid waste is a problem in the Brazilian context, not only because it is growing in larger proportions than the population and leading to soil and water contamination, but also because it is a vector for diseases and causes economic losses, since much of what is discarded can be reused. After several years of intense debate, the Brazilian law applying to national solid waste policy was sanctioned; this law contains goals to be achieved and challenges to be overcome. Since this is a major issue, the purpose of this paper is to discuss the implementation of public policies on solid waste, emphasizing the initiatives carried out in the state of Pernambuco, from the perspectives of institutional theory and inter-organizational networks. By analysing the provisions of the law, we can observe a coercive tendency to bring the states and municipalities to establish networks in order to meet demands related to solid waste, since the pertinent legislation induces the involved entities to develop this kind of partnership in order to obtain resources

  18. Anticorpos contra vírus do grupo da língua azul em caprinos e ovinos do sertão de Pernambuco e inferências sobre sua epidemiologia em regiões semiáridas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.O. Mota

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of antibodies against bluetongue virus was investigated in 41 dairy goats and 40 sheep herds in the semi-arid region of Pernambuco state and the conditions for insect Culicoides maintenance, considering climate dynamics and vector competence, were evaluated. The percents of seropositive herds in agar gel immunodiffusion test for bluetongue virus group were 24 for goats and 27.5 for sheep. The estimated prevalences of seropositive animals were 3.9% for goats (n = 410 and 4.3% for sheep (n = 400. The prevalences of seropositive animals were low in the mesoregion of Sertão Pernambucano (4.8% for goats and 4.1% for sheep and São Francisco Pernambucano (1.0% for goats and 4.5% for sheep. There were no significant differences between species and regions. Considering the social and economic importance of goats and sheep raising in the semi-arid region, it is essential to establish preventive measures to control imports of ruminants from these areas.

  19. Regional Poverty and Population Response:A Comparison of Three Regions in the United States and Germany

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    Rosemarie Siebert

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we examine poverty in three regions in the United States and Germany and discuss its causes and demographic consequences. The three regions are those with the highest rates of poverty in the two countries: the Mississippi Delta and Texas Borderland in the United States and the Northeastern Border Region in Germany. We show that standard models to explain poverty need to be placed in the historical legacies of the three regions in order to understand their current levels of poverty. While our results show many common factors for poverty in the three regions, they also point to important differences. Similarly, we identify differences among the regions in their demographic responses to poverty, in part reflecting their different historical legacies. Thus, one implication of the paper is the importance of place-based poverty-mitigation strategies for successful policy planning.

  20. A rationale for schistosomiasis control in elementary schools of the rainforest zone of pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Favre, Tereza C; Pereira, Ana P B; Galvão, Aline F; Zani, Luciana C; Barbosa, Constança S; Pieri, Otávio S

    2009-01-01

    Since its beginning in 1999, the Schistosomiasis Control Program within the Unified Health System (PCE-SUS) has registered a cumulative coverage of just 20% of the population from the Rainforest Zone of Pernambuco (ZMP), northeast Brazil. This jeopardizes the accomplishment of the minimum goal of the Fifty-Fourth World Health Assembly, resolution WHA54.19, of providing treatment for schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiases (STH) to 75% of school-aged children at risk, which requires attending at least 166,000 residents in the 7-14 age range by year 2010 in that important endemic area. In the present study, secondary demographic and parasitological data from a representative municipality of the ZMP are analyzed to provide evidence that the current, community-based approach to control schistosomiasis and STH is unlikely to attain the WHA-54.19 minimum goal and to suggest that school-based control actions are also needed. Data available on the PCE-SUS activities related to diagnosis and treatment of the population from the study municipality were obtained from the State Secretary of Health of Pernambuco (SES/PE) for 2002-2006, complemented by the Municipal Secretary of Health (SMS) for 2003-2004. Data from a school-based stool survey carried out by the Schistosomiasis Reference Service of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (SRE/Fiocruz) in 2004 were used to provide information on infection status variation among school-aged children (7-14 years). According to the SES, from 2004 to 2006, only 2,977 (19.5%) of the estimated 15,288 residents of all ages were examined, of which 396 (13.3%) were positive for Schistosoma mansoni. Among these, only 180 (45.5%) were treated. According to the SMS, of the 1,766 examined in the 2003-2004 population stool survey 570 (32.3%) were children aged 7-14 years. One year later, the SRE/Fiocruz school survey revealed that the infection status among those children remained unchanged at 14%-15% prevalence. By 2006, the school

  1. Caracterização do pasto de capim-buffel diferido e da dieta de bovinos, durante o período seco no sertão de Pernambuco Stockpiled buffelgrass pasture and diet selected characterization during the dry season at the semi arid region of Pernambuco state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladston Rafael de Arruda Santos

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se, neste experimento, quantificar a disponibilidade de massa seca e avaliar a composição botânica e bromatológica de pastagem de capim-buffel diferida e da dieta de bovinos, durante o período seco. Foram realizadas estimativas visuais para determinação da composição botânica e do corte de amostras, para determinação da disponibilidade da forragem, sendo os dados processados pelo programa BOTANAL. Três animais fistulados no esôfago foram utilizados para avaliar a qualidade e composição botânica da dieta selecionada. As médias foram comparadas pelo teste Tukey a 5% de probabilidade, empregando-se o procedimento estatístico SAS. Na pastagem foram encontradas 10 famílias, 19 gêneros e 19 espécies de plantas; os componentes que apresentaram maior disponibilidade e participação foram o buffel e a orelha-de-onça, variando de 1.392 a 2.750; e 1.167 a 1.215 kg de massa seca (MS/ha, com participação de 50 e 30% na composição da pastagem, respectivamente. A composição bromatológica da pastagem variou de 63,0 a 81,6; 3,3 a 5,2; 0,9 a 1,4; 69,3 a 76,0; 53,0 a 57,4; 5,2 a 8,9; 86,0 a 88,6; e 10,8 a 16,4% para massa seca (MS, proteína bruta (PB, extrato etéreo (EE, fibras em detergente neutro (FDN e ácido (FDA, material mineral (MM, carboidratos totais (CHOT e não-fibrosos (CNF, respectivamente. A composição da extrusa variou de 18,5 a 22,3; 4,5 a 5,6; 1,3 a 1,9; 52,0 a 75,0; 52,3 a 59,8; 9,4 a 11,4; 81,8 a 84,4; 6,8 a 20,6; 45,7 a 49,1 para MS, PB,EE, FDN, FDA, MM, CHOT, CNF e digestibilidade in vitro da matéria seca (DIVMS, respectivamente.The experiment aimed to determine the herbage mass and to evaluate the botanical and chemical composition of a stockpiled Buffelgrass pasture during the dry season. Visual estimates were accomplished for determination of the botanical composition. Samples were cut for forage availability determination. The data were processed by the BOTANAL program. Three esophagus fistulated animals were used to evaluate the quality and botanical composition of the selected diet. On the pasture a total of 10 families, 19 genus and 19 species of plants were observed. The botanical components that showed the highest herbage mass and participation were Buffel grass and "Orelha-de-onça" (Macroptilium martii Benth., ranging from 1392 to 2750 kg DM/ha and 50% and, 1167 to 1215 kg DM/ha and 30%, respectively. The forage chemical composition ranged from 63.0 to 81.6 %, 3.3 to 5.2 %, 0.9 to 1.4 %, 69.3 to 76.0 %, 53.0 to 57.4 %, 5.2 to 8.9 %, 86.0 to 88.6 % and, 10.8 to 16.4 % for dry matter (DM, crude protein (CP, ether extract (EE, neutral detergent fiber (NDF, acid detergent fiber (ADF, ashes (ASH, total carbohydrates (TCH and, no fiber carbohydrates (NFC, respectively. Extrusa chemical composition showed values ranging from 18.5 to 22.3 %, 4.5 to 5.6 %, 1.3 to 1.9 %, 52.0 to 75.0 %, 52.3 to 59.8 %, 9.4 to 11.4 %, 81.8 to 84.4 %, 6.8 to 20.6 % and, 45.7 to 49.1 % for DM, CP, EE, NDF, ADF, ASH, TCH, NFC and, "in vitro" dry matter digestibility, respectively.

  2. Regional Per Capita Solar Electric Footprint for the United States

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Denholm, P.; Margolis, R.

    2007-12-01

    In this report, we quantify the state-by-state per-capita 'solar electric footprint' for the United States. We use state-level data on population, electricity consumption, economic activity and solar insolation, along with solar photovoltaic (PV) array packing density data to develop a range of estimates of the solar electric footprint. We find that the solar electric footprint, defined as the land area required to supply all end-use electricity from solar photovoltaics, is about 181 m2 per person in the United States. Two key factors that influence the magnitude of the state-level solar electric footprint include how industrial energy is allocated (based on location of use vs. where goods are consumed) and the assumed distribution of PV configurations (flat rooftop vs. fixed tilt vs. tracking). The solar electric footprint is about 0.6% of the total land area of the United States with state-level estimates ranging from less than 0.1% for Wyoming to about 9% for New Jersey. We also compare the solar electric footprint to a number of other land uses. For example, we find that the solar electric footprint is equal to less than 2% of the land dedicated to cropland and grazing in the United States.

  3. Bird communities in three forest types in the Pernambuco Centre of Endemism, Alagoas, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lahert W. Lobo-Araújo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The Pernambuco Center of Endemism (PCE in northeastern Brazil is highly fragmented and degraded. Despite its potential conservation importance the bird fauna in this area is still relatively unknown and there are many remnant fragments that have not been systematically surveyed. Here, we report the results of bird surveys in five forest fragments (one pioneer, two ombrophilous and two seasonal. In total, 162 taxa were recorded, 12 of which are endemic to the PCE. The frequency of endangered species was lower than what has been reported in studies from the same area and most of the taxa considered to be at risk of extinction were sub-species of uncertain taxonomic validity. The comparatively low number of endemic/threatened species may be due to the small size of the fragments in the present study - a consequence of the high levels of habitat loss in this region. Analysis of species richness patterns indicates that ombrophilous forest fragments are acting as refuges for those bird species that are most sensitive to environmental degradation.

  4. Salted lamb meat blanket of Petrolina-Pernambuco, Brazil: process and quality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nely de Almeida Pedrosa

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Salted lamb meat blanket, originated from boning, salting, and drying of whole lamb carcass, was studied aiming at obtaining information that support the search for guarantees of origin for this typical regional product from the city of Petrolina-Pernambuco-Brazil. Data from three processing units were obtained, where it was observed the use of a traditional local technology that uses salting, an ancient preservation method; however, with a peculiar boning technique, resulting in a meat product with great potential for exploitation in the form of meat blanket. Based on the values of pH (6.22 ± 0.22, water activity (0.97 ± 0.02, and moisture (69.86 ± 2.26 lamb meat blanket is considered a perishable product, and consequently it requires the use of other preservation methods combined with salt, which along with the results of the microbiological analyses (absence of Salmonella sp, score <10 MPN/g of halophilic bacteria, total coliforms between 6.7 × 10³ and 5.2 × 10(6 FUC/g, and Staphylococcus from 8.1 × 10³ CFU/g at uncountable reinforce the need of hygienic practices to ensure product safety. These results, together with the product notoriety and the organization of the sector are important factors in achieving Geographical Indication of the Salted lamb Meat blanket of Petrolina.

  5. Coprophilous Mucorales (ex Zygomycota) from three areas in the semi-arid of Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, Carlos Alberto Fragoso de; Lima, Diogo Xavier; Gurgel, Luciana M S; Santiago, André Luiz Cabral Monteiro de Azevedo

    Mucorales comprises fungi commonly isolated as saprobes from soil, dung, stored grains and plants. Although these fungi have been studied in several countries, there are relatively a few reports of them in semi-arid areas. Therefore, the aims of the present study were to assess and compare the Mucorales communities in dung from different species and breeds of herbivores in the semi-arid of Pernambuco, based on the frequency of occurrence and species richness of these fungi. Samples of dung collected in the cities of Arcoverde, Serra Talhada and Sertânia were incubated in moist chambers in triplicate. Altogether, 24 taxa of Mucorales distributed in the genera Absidia, Circinella, Cunninghamella, Lichtheimia, Mucor, Pilobolus, Rhizopus and Syncephalastrum were identified. The highest species richness was found in sheep excrement. Mucor circinelloides f. griseo-cyanus was the most common taxon, followed by M. ramosissimus. The similarity of the composition of Mucorales species was greatest between the excrements of Guzerá and Sindi breeds (bovine). All mucoralean species isolated are being cited for the first time from animal dung found in Caatinga and a new species of Mucor was recorded. An identification key for species of Mucorales from dung in the semi-arid region of Brazil is provided. Copyright © 2016 Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  6. Coprophilous Mucorales (ex Zygomycota from three areas in the semi-arid of Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Fragoso de Souza

    Full Text Available Abstract Mucorales comprises fungi commonly isolated as saprobes from soil, dung, stored grains and plants. Although these fungi have been studied in several countries, there are relatively a few reports of them in semi-arid areas. Therefore, the aims of the present study were to assess and compare the Mucorales communities in dung from different species and breeds of herbivores in the semi-arid of Pernambuco, based on the frequency of occurrence and species richness of these fungi. Samples of dung collected in the cities of Arcoverde, Serra Talhada and Sertânia were incubated in moist chambers in triplicate. Altogether, 24 taxa of Mucorales distributed in the genera Absidia, Circinella, Cunninghamella, Lichtheimia, Mucor, Pilobolus, Rhizopus and Syncephalastrum were identified. The highest species richness was found in sheep excrement. Mucor circinelloides f. griseo-cyanus was the most common taxon, followed by M. ramosissimus. The similarity of the composition of Mucorales species was greatest between the excrements of Guzerá and Sindi breeds (bovine. All mucoralean species isolated are being cited for the first time from animal dung found in Caatinga and a new species of Mucor was recorded. An identification key for species of Mucorales from dung in the semi-arid region of Brazil is provided.

  7. State Collapse and Regional Contagion in Sub-Sahara Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    IntStudiesLap01

    elites, while denigrating the countryside and ignoring the rural population. Most. African states transferred the wealth of the rural areas to the urban centers through monopsonistic systems where state marketing boards set producer prices.10. Whatever tenuous links there were between the center and periphery were further.

  8. The Role of the State of the Autonomous Regions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Humlebæk, Carsten

    This study focuses on the Statute-related parliamentary debates of the Catalan and Valencian autonomous regions and analyses the conceptions of the political communities defended by the political parties, both of Spain and of the autonomous region in question and the relationship between them. Th...... parties act in Valencia and Catalonia, respectively. Despite the complex dynamics, the results suggest that the inauguration of the Estado de las Autonomíasdid not decrease the conflict potential around the territorial organisation of Spain....

  9. EuroSCORE and mortality in coronary artery bypass graft surgery at Pernambuco Cardiologic Emergency Medical Services [Pronto Socorro Cardiológico de Pernambuco].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sá, Michel Pompeu Barros de Oliveira; Soares, Evelyn Figueira; Santos, Cecília Andrade; Figueredo, Omar Jacobina; Lima, Renato Oliveira Albuquerque; Escobar, Rodrigo Renda; Silva, Frederico Pires Vasconcelos; Lima, Ricardo de Carvalho

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the applicability of EuroSCORE in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery at the Division of Cardiovascular Surgery of Pernambuco Cardiologic Emergency Medical Services--PROCAPE. A retrospective study involving 500 patients operated between May 2007 and April 2010. The registers contained all the information used to calculate the EuroSCORE. The outcome of interest was death. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis by backward logistic regression were applied to assess the association between each variable in the EuroSCORE and deaths. The following parameters were calculated: sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value. The power of concordance between the predicted mortality by the EuroSCORE and the observed mortality was measured using the Kappa coefficient. The accuracy of the model was evaluated by the ROC (receiver operating characteristic) curve. The incidence of death was 13%. In multivariate analysis, nine variables remained independent predictors of death: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, creatinine >2,3mg/dL, active endocarditis, preoperative critical state, unstable angina, ejection fraction 30% to 50%, acute myocardial infarction < 90 days, emergency surgery and additional surgery. The score had a sensitivity of 88.4%, specificity of 79.3%, positive predictive value of 40.7%, negative predictive value of 97.7% and 80.6% concordance. The accuracy measured by the area under the ROC curve was 0.892 (95% CI 0.862-0.922). The EuroSCORE proved to be a simple and objective index, revealing a satisfactory discriminator of postoperative evolution in patients undergoing CABG surgery at our institution.

  10. Activization of the state policy on euro-regional cooperation in the sphere of the interstate regional governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. I. Pak

    2016-09-01

    Research objective is the justification of the need of activization of the state policy on Euro-regional cooperation in the sphere of the interstate regional governance. During the research it is recognized that the realization of the state policy on the basis of the considered principles, tools, functions, factors and methods has to execute a main objective of the interstate regional control which is exercised in the sphere of Euro-regional cooperation and to promote adjustment of close mutually beneficial relations of Ukraine and neighboring states, to increase competitiveness of the Ukrainian territories and the most effective use of capacity of the Ukrainian regions in the course of activity of Euro-regions. Finally, such state policy has to be focused on the maintenance of the sufficient standard of living of the population, on ensuring integrity and unity of the social and economic space of the country, on formation of the conditions of sustainable and industrial and innovative development of regions, which will provide its harmonious integration into the European environment.

  11. Biological aspects of sharks caught off the Coast of Pernambuco, Northeast Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, A F; Hazin, F H V; Carvalho, F; Viana, D L; Rêgo, M G; Wor, C

    2009-11-01

    One hundred seventeen specimens of sharks were caught along the coast of Pernambuco State, Northern Brazil, between May 2004 and May 2007, among which 86 were blacknose sharks, Carcharhinus acronotus, enabling a more detailed study of the species. Blacknose sharks were caught in the 2 study areas along the Boa Viagem/Piedade and Paiva beaches, accounting for the highest relative abundance among the species caught (73.5% of total). Potentially dangerous sharks, tiger and bull sharks, were also caught in the same areas, whereas hammerhead and blacktip sharks were only captured off Boa Viagem/Piedade. Concerning the blacknose shark, the total length (TL) ranged from 39.0 to 180.0 cm. Among the 38 females analysed, 32 were juveniles, 11 were maturing, 2 were pre-ovulatory and 21 were pregnant. Sexing was possible for 75 of the 83 embryos, 38 of which were males and 37 were females, with a sex proportion of 1:0.9 and total length ranging between 6.4 and 63.5 cm. Ovarian fecundity ranged from 5 to 10 and uterine fecundity from 1 to 3, with an estimated gestational period of 9 months. Among the 48 males, 6 were juveniles and 42 were adults. Both males and females seem to reach sexual maturity at about 105.0 cm TL. Among the 86 stomachs analysed, only 22.1% had contents, with teleosts as the most frequent item.

  12. Volatile Constituents of Two Croton Species from Caatinga Biome of Pernambuco – Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilzenayde de Araújo Neves

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Leaf and stem essential oils from Crotonpulegioides Müll.Arg. and C. rhamnifolius var. heliotropiifolius (Kunth Müll.Arg were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed using gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The composition of the oils from the two Croton species was very different. The main components of the C. pulegioides oils were 1,8-cineole (15.86± 0.23% in leaf, p-cymene (14.40± 0.01% in leaf, camphor (13.28%± 0.12% in leaf and α-humulene (12.98± 0.22% in leaf, α-calacorene (12.95± 0.45% in stem, cis-isolongifolane (8.94±0.54% in stem and juniper camphor (6.44±0.45% in stem. The main components of the C. rhamnifolius var. heliotropiifolius oils were β-caryophyllene (20.82±0.48% in leaf, spathulenol (16.37±0.56% in leaf and β-elemene (17.28±0.06% in stem and guaiol (18.38±0.84% in stem. Phenylpropanoids common to Croton species were only found in C. rhamnifolius var. heliopropiifolius oils at percentages below 5%. This is the first report of the essential oil constituents of C. pulegioides and C. rhamnifolius var. heliotropiifolius from the Caatinga biome of the state of Pernambuco (Northeastern Brazil.

  13. Biological aspects of sharks caught off the Coast of Pernambuco, Northeast Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AF. Fischer

    Full Text Available One hundred seventeen specimens of sharks were caught along the coast of Pernambuco State, Northern Brazil, between May 2004 and May 2007, among which 86 were blacknose sharks, Carcharhinus acronotus, enabling a more detailed study of the species. Blacknose sharks were caught in the 2 study areas along the Boa Viagem/Piedade and Paiva beaches, accounting for the highest relative abundance among the species caught (73.5% of total. Potentially dangerous sharks, tiger and bull sharks, were also caught in the same areas, whereas hammerhead and blacktip sharks were only captured off Boa Viagem/Piedade. Concerning the blacknose shark, the total length (TL ranged from 39.0 to 180.0 cm. Among the 38 females analysed, 32 were juveniles, 11 were maturing, 2 were pre-ovulatory and 21 were pregnant. Sexing was possible for 75 of the 83 embryos, 38 of which were males and 37 were females, with a sex proportion of 1:0.9 and total length ranging between 6.4 and 63.5 cm. Ovarian fecundity ranged from 5 to 10 and uterine fecundity from 1 to 3, with an estimated gestational period of 9 months. Among the 48 males, 6 were juveniles and 42 were adults. Both males and females seem to reach sexual maturity at about 105.0 cm TL. Among the 86 stomachs analysed, only 22.1% had contents, with teleosts as the most frequent item.

  14. LEVANTAMENTO DA INTENSIDADE DA PODRIDÃOMOLE EM ALFACE E COUVE-CHINESA EM PERNAMBUCO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Márcio Freire Silva

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Surveys of the intensity of soft rot in plantations of lettuce and Chinese cabbage were performed from January to May 2004 in mesoregions of the Mata and Agreste of the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Disease prevalence of 42.9% was observed in lettuce and 100% in Chinese cabbage. The incidence of soft rot ranged from 0 to 22% in lettuce and 1 to 67% in Chinese cabbage. In lettuce higher intensity of soft rot was observed in areas with more than 17 years of cultivation; planted with cultivars "Cacheada", "Elba" and "Tainá"; with clay soil type; irrigated by hosing; and having poor drainage. Lower disease intensity was detected in areas of cultivars "Verdinha" and "Salad Bowl"; when coriander was the previous crop; and when seedlings wereproduced in trays. In Chinese cabbage higher intensity of soft rot was found in areas having more than 10 years of cultivation, and in plantations with more than 50 days of growth. The sole subspecies detected causing soft rot in all areas of lettuce and Chinese cabbage was Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum.

  15. Adoção de Cidadãos Presos e Formação de Professores para a Prisão: Ações de Fraternidade Política e Direitos, aproximando a extensão universitária da ASCES e da UFPE no agreste pernambucano. Adoption of inmates and teacher training for prison: Actions of political fraternity and human rights approaching university extension to ASCES and UFPE in the rural area of Pernambuco state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordão, Maria Perpétua S. D.

    2014-08-01

    na preocupação com a formação de valores civilizatórios que tenham como base a dignidade das pessoas livres ou encarceradas. O referencial teórico que subsidia o trabalho tem, como autores principais: Paulo Freire, Hannah Arendt e Barros. This study aims to analyze how two extension projects - Legal Adoption of Inmates (ASCES and Teacher Training for Penitentiary System (UFPE - enable coordinated actions of citizenship and human rights in a prison facility located in the ‘agreste’ region of Pernambuco state, Brazil, since 2001 (ASCES and 2009 (UFPE. The work was articulated based on the participation of ASCES teachers in the Research Group of UFPE-CNPq, and on the perception of how the integration of institutional activities could improve results and include a larger number of teachers, students, and beneficiaries - prisoners and educators of the penitentiary system. The actions involving broad participation of civil society were carried out fortnightly at the prison unit; the works are presented in the form of training meetings with teachers, lectures, and discussions with inmates, as well as in activities mediated by playful elements such as images, photographs, films, documentaries, music, and poetry. Students from the two institutions are integrated without competition; teachers receive continuing education; and recreational activities with the inmates break their prison routine and encourage them to remain in the classroom, reducing evasion. The activity is used as internship workload for the ASCES students and as supplementary activities for students of Pedagogy. These activities also allow the two institutions to contribute for improving the quality of education in prison; motivate the interaction of students from different institutions, including students form institutions that do not belong to the projects, attracting the participation of many volunteers and alumni from the ASCES and the Faculty of Philosophy, Sciences and Languages of Caruaru

  16. Parasitological and molecular detection of Babesia canis vogeli in dogs of Recife, Pernambuco and evaluation of risk factors associated

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Carla Lima da Silva

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This work aims to detect the presence of Babesia canis vogeli in dogs from Recife, Pernambuco via molecular and parasitological detection methods, and to assess the risk factors associated with this parasite. A total of 146 dogs (male and female of varying breeds and ages that presented clinical symptoms of babesiosis were assessed at a clinical care center in the Veterinary School Hospital. Blood was obtained via venopuncture for hemoparasite detection and polymerase chain reaction (PCR. Using a commercial kit, DNA was extracted from blood samples. For the PCR reaction, an approximately 590 base pair long genetic sequence was used to detect the presence of B. canis vogeli. The forward primer, denoted as BAB1 (5’-GTG AAC CTT ATC ACT TAA AGG-3’, was specific for a conserved region on the 18S rRNA gene of Babesia spp., and the antisense primer was denoted as BAB4 (5’-CAA CTC CTC CAC GCA ATC G-3’. PCR results suggested that the percentage of Babesia canis vogeli infection was 4.8%. Through descriptive statistical analysis of the data, we observed that there was higher frequency of parasite infection associated with male dogs above two years of age, with a defined breed, from the countryside, are domiciled, and also suffer from tick infestation. We conclude that regardless of the type of risk factor, babesiosis can be found throughout Recife, Pernambuco, and its prevalence does not vary in most regions of Brazil. Our results indicate that PCR is a sensitive test for the detection of blood parasites, and should be performed as a clinical routine.

  17. The Influence of Globalization, Integration and Regionalization Processes on the European States and Regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T V Bazarenko

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the impact of globalization, regionalization and integration in European countries and regions. It discusses the distinctive features and factors of influence of each of these processes on the European countries and sub national entities.

  18. Regional Comparative Unit Cost Studies for Maintenance and Operation of Physical Plants in Universities and Colleges in Central States Region and Rocky Mountain Region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Association of Physical Plant Administrators, Corvallis, OR.

    Presented in this document are data pertaining to maintenance and operations costs at colleges and universities in the central states region and the Rocky Mountain region. The major accounts included in the cost analysis are: (1) physical plant administration, (2) building maintenance, (3) custodial services, (4) utilities, (5) landscape and…

  19. Understory species richness in an urban forest fragment, Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina Ramos de Souza

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available This study characterizes the floristic composition of the understory of Parque Estadual de Dois Irmãos, (08°01’15.1”S and 34°56’3.2”W, an area of about 370ha characterized as a lowland ombrophilous dense forest. The study included individuals with heights of up to 4.0m, such as treelets, shrubs, sub-bushes and terricolous herb plants, in fertile conditions. The collections were made every two weeks along a period of 24 months. A total of 108 species, belonging to 86 genera and 49 families, were recorded. The families with the highest number of species were Rubiaceae (14, Fabaceae (9 Melastomataceae (8, Asteraceae (8, Myrtaceae (6, and Poaceae (4. The Fabaceae, Melastomataceae, Myrtaceae and Rubiaceae presented the highest number of understory species in this fragment. Generally, among the studies made in the Atlantic forest areas in Pernambuco, the presence of a set of tree species common to these forests is evidenced.

  20. 77 FR 30454 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; State of Oregon; Regional Haze State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-23

    ... Proposed Action A. Definition of Regional Haze B. Regional Haze Rules and Regulations C. Roles of Agencies... Reasonable Progress Goals (RPGs) and the Long Term Strategy (LTS). A. Definition of Regional Haze Regional... electrostatic precipitation system. The BART rule for this facility requires that the Foster Wheeler boiler at...

  1. EPA Region 7 and Four States Water Quality Standards Review Process Kaizen Event Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    In June, 2007, participants from EPA headquarters, EPA Region 7, and the four States in EPA Region 7 (IA, KS, MO, and NE) conducted a Lean business kaizen event on the EPA–State process for developing and revising water quality standards (WQS).

  2. EDUCAÇÃO COLONIAL EM PERNAMBUCO: UM ESTUDO DE CASO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Gustavo Lima Freire

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to reflect on the colonial education, specifically during the eighteenth century, held in Brazil in the province of Pernambuco. To meet this objective we will use some documents from “Arquivo Histórico Ultramarino” looking for to understand how they can representing the ideas that prevailed during that period. It is intended that context, to understand what were the proposed guidelines for teaching in some indian villages in Pernambuco and how were consistent with the policy of the marquis of Pombal and the foundations of the Enlightenment.

  3. Taxonomia de esponjas de águas continentais do Estado de Pernambuco

    OpenAIRE

    BATISTA, Gilberto Nicacio

    2012-01-01

    Atualmente existem 239 espécies de esponjas águas continentais descritas para o mundo, o Brasil possui 53 espécies registradas, na Região Nordeste até o momento ocorrem 18 espécies. O Estado de Pernambuco possui apenas uma espécie registrada até o momento. Este trabalho teve como objetivos realizar o inventário de esponjas de águas continentais no Estado de Pernambuco e fornecer a primeira lista de espécies. Foram coletados 87 espécimes em diversos ambientes, os quais foram tombados para a Co...

  4. Determination of REEs in agricultural soils of Pernambuco by the Neutron Activation Technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    França, Fernanda Cláudia S.S.; Ticianelli, Regina Beck; Moreira, Edson Gonçalves; Genezini, Frederico Antonio; Albuquerque, Adriana Muniz de Almeida; Silveira, Patrícia Brandão da; Barbosa, Jonnas Thiago de Lima; Almeida, Amanda Correia de; Honorato, Eliane Valentim; Hazin, Clovis Abrahão, E-mail: nanda_lq@hotmail.com, E-mail: valentim@cnen.gov.br, E-mail: emoreira@ipen.br [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (DEN/UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil); Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Centro Regional de Ciências Nucleares (CRCN-NE/CNEN-PE), Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2017-11-01

    The indiscriminate use of phosphate fertilizers causes adverse effects on biota, mainly due to the contaminants present in the rocks used in their manufacture. Among these contaminants, stand out the Rare Earth Elements (REEs) because of the significant increase in the use in several technological areas, such as in vehicle catalysts and also in fertilizer enrichment. In order to evaluate the levels of La, Sm, Nd, Yb and Lu by the Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA), the present study aims to survey the ETRs in agricultural soils in Pernambuco/Brazil. For this study, 120 soil samples with a depth of 20 cm were collected in the main vegetable producing regions of the Metropolitan Region of Recife (RMR), evaluating organic and conventional crops with and without influenced by automotive vehicles. The results obtained when compared to the Netherlands reference values defined by the National Institute of Health and Environment (RIVM). The results were higher in all points for La (35 mg.kg-¹ at 85 mg.kg-¹) Yb, (4 mg.kg-¹ at 11 mg.kg-¹) and Lu (0.3 mg.kg-¹ at 0.7 mg.kg-¹ at 4 mg.kg-¹). For Nd (9 mg.kg-¹ at 137 mg.kg-¹) the concentrations were above the values reported by RIVM in 4 points. Comparing the types of crops evaluated with the literature, the results are found was above for all elements analyzed. It may be related to the increase in the use of phosphate fertilizers. However, in environments using smaller amounts of additives, the results were also significant and the more detailed studies are needed to evaluate other possible contamination pathways. (author)

  5. Regional impacts of technical change: the case of structural particleboard in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhi Xu; David N. Bengston; Hans M. Gregersen; Allen L. Lundgren

    1992-01-01

    Analyzes the regional impacts of research benefits in the United States due to the introduction of structural particleboard. The distribution of consumer benefits, producer benefits, direct employment impacts, and changes in wood requirements are analyzed for the four census regions. The distribution of benefits is found to differ widely between regions, indicating...

  6. Investigation of H19/RsaI Polymorphism in Children With Low Birth Weight in Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maia, Paula; Souza, Paulo; Angelo, Hildson Dornelas; Santos, Igor; Martins, Danyelly; Lima Filho, Jose; Maia, Maria Mascena

    2015-04-01

    H19 is a strong candidate gene for influencing birth weight variation and is exclusively imprinted maternally. In an attempt to understand the relationship of this gene polymorphism with low birth weight children, we investigated association of H19/RsaI polymorphism with low birth weight and normal birth weight in children and their mothers. The aim of our study was to establish the association between H19 gene polymorphism and LW in children born in Pernambuco, state of Brazil. It were selected 89 children, 40 low birth weight (LW) and 49 normal birth weight (NW) and 71 mothers (40 mothers of newborns NW and 31 mothers of newborns LW) attended at Dom Malan Hospital, Petrolina, Pernambuco - Brazil. Peripheral blood samples were collected from patients and genomic DNA was extracted and detected by electrophoresis agarose gel, stained by Blue Green Loading Dye. DNA PCR amplification was done using the primers H1 (sense) and H3 (antisense). PCR products were digested with RsaI and electrophoresed on agarose gel stained by ethidium bromide. Statistical analyses were performed using the program BioEstat version 5.0. The RsaI polymorphism in the H19 gene showed that genotype frequencies did not differ statistically between low birth weight (AA = 12.5%, AB = 45%, BB = 42.5%) and control (AA = 8.6% AB = 36.73%, BB= 55.10% groups) and the allele frequencies were not significantly different (P = 0.2897). We also did not observe any association between maternal H19 allele polymorphism and low birth weight newborns (P =0.7799) or normal birth weight children (P = 0.8976). The small size of sample may be the explanation for these results; future studies with more patients are needed to confirm the effect of H19/RsaI polymorphism on birth weight of LW newborns.

  7. 76 FR 43963 - Regional Haze State Implementation Plan; State of Nevada; Extension of Comment Period

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-22

    ... (SIP) to implement the regional haze program for the first planning period through July 31, 2018. The... for more time to review the technical materials that form the basis of Nevada's Regional Haze SIP and... Regional Haze Rule requirements and EPA's proposed approval of the technical analyses presented in Nevada's...

  8. O alcoolismo em Pernambuco: Estudo estatístico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walderedo Ismael de Oliveira

    1945-03-01

    Full Text Available O autor procedeu ao levantamento estatístico de tôdas as admissões no Hospital de Alienados de Recife (Estado de Pernambuco, no período que vai de 1916 a 1930, chegando à conclusão que a percentagem de alcoolistas, em relação ao total das entradas, é de 12,4%. As percentagens mais baixas correspondem aos anos de 1925 (6,91% e 1920 (8,15%. O maior contingente de alcoolistas entrou nos anos de 1922 (22,67% e 1923 (17,72%. Em seguida fêz um estudo comparativo entre os dados verificados no Estado de Pernambuco e a incidência de psicoses alcoólicas em outros países. As estatísticas do período 1931-1935 permitiram chegar a conclusões mais minuciosas e elucidativas. No que diz respeito ao sexo, o autor assinala uma elevada proporção de alcoolistas do sexo feminino, em contraste com o habitualmente observado nos outros países. A incidência de alcoolistas, em relação à idade, é mais elevada entre os 31-35 anos para os homens e 26-30 anos para as mulheres. A maioria dos alcoolistas é recrutada entre os elementos nacionais. A maior contribuição de enfermos, no que toca à raça, é fornecida pelo elemento negro. É a comprovação de fenômeno já assinalado também nos Estados Unidos, onde é grande o predomínio dos alcoolistas de raça negra. Entre os casados há mais alcoolistas que entre solteiros e viúvos. A grande maioria dos enfermos provém dos homens de profissões humildes: operários, agricultores, comerciários, etc. A capital contribui com 46,6% do total das internações, fato curioso e digno de nota, porque tal percentagem provém de uma população 6 vezes menor que a do resto do Estado. O autor aventa algumas hipóteses explicativas de tal diferença, salietando as facilidades de hospitalização no centro urbano, as condições do homem da cidade e a situação alimentar do operário no Recife. É carregada a ascendência psicopática dos alcoolistas. No que diz respeito à maneira de como é usado o t

  9. Regional Evacuation Modeling: A State of the Art Reviewing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Southworth, F.

    1991-01-01

    Regional evacuation modeling is treated as a five step process: involving vehicle trip generation, trip departure time, trip destination, and trip route selection modeling, supplemented by plan set-up and analysis procedures. Progress under each of these headings is reviewed and gaps in the process identified. The potential for emergency planners to make use of real time traffic data, resulting from the recent technical and economic revolutions in telecommunications and infrared traffic sensing, is identified as the single greatest opportunity for the near future; and some beginnings in the development of real time dynamic traffic modeling specifically geared to evacuation planning are highlighted. Significant data problems associated with the time of day location of large urban populations represent a second area requiring extensive research. A third area requiring much additional effort is the translation of the considerable knowledge we have on evacuee behavior in times of crisis into reliable quantitative measures of the timing of evacuee mobilization, notably by distance from the source of the hazard. Specific evacuation models are referenced and categorized by method. Incorporation of evacuation model findings into the definition of emergency planning zone boundaries is also discussed.

  10. Using Information Systems as Directions of the State Support for the Conditionally Depressive Regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morhachov Ilya V.

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is aimed at substantiating the perspectivity of information systems and technologies as a direction of the State support for the conditionally depressive regions. The article clarifies the assumption that an increase in the number of freelancers in region (even evaders from taxation, causes the growth of both the regional enterprises’ revenues and the tax revenues to budgets. Such freelancers become customers of works, services and goods, and, accordingly, employers for other persons who work officially. The State support for the concentration of such persons in the region contributes to reducing the «brain drain» abroad. The article substantiates prospective directions of the State support for the conditionally depressive regions by means of information systems, the basic elements of which are IT-specialists; as well as economic expediency of priority of the State support for the regions with presence of high level of unemployment of working population. The ways of solution of contradictions between the State and the freelancer in the part of payment of taxes and accrual of the insurance period for the future pension have been suggested. The ultimate goal of the State support for the conditionally depressive regions with use of information systems has been defined, which is to achieve the stage of the multiplied effect of growth of income of economic entities and tax revenues to the budget due to the implementation of innovation projects as result of the concentration of IT specialists in region.

  11. Proyecto vidas paralelas indígena: revelando el pueblo ATIKUM de Pernambuco, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edneide Maria da SILVA

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo se refiere a la comunidad indígena Atikum Umã, habitante del sertão central del Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil (municipios de Carnaubeira da Penha e Salgueiro. El pueblo Atikum se expresa en portugués, aunque algunas palabras de la lengua Cariri (del tronco linguístico Tupi estén preservadas. En la memoria histórica, se relata el reconocimiento oficial de este pueblo en la segunda mitad de la década de 1940, su lucha por una reserva frente a los abusos cometidos, y su alianza con los Tuxá (del Estado de Bahia. Se señala el hecho de la tierra indígena Atikum estar ubicada en el llamado “polígono de la marijuana”, lo cual ha causado graves conflictos y violencia contra los indígenas, incluyendo el asesinato de algunos de sus líderes en 1991. La organización jerárquica comprende el cacique (escogido en reuniones por indicación de la comunidad, y el Pajé. Hay una fuerte influencia de la política local-regional en el área indígena. Se apunta la existencia de instancias de participación, los concejos locales, la Comisión de los Profesores Indígenas Atikum - COPIA, y dos consejos indígenas de salud. Se anotan dificultades de conciliar los dos saberes que fundamentan la concepción de salud, el tradicional / popular y el científico. En lo que se refiere a la asistencia en salud, se describen los equipos multidisciplinarios de atención primaria, la insuficiencia para atender la demanda de la población y la demora en la realización de exámenes.

  12. Spatial distribution of schistosomiasis and geohelminthiasis cases in the rural areas of Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verônica Santos Barbosa

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The prevalence and intensity of geohelminth infections and schistosomiasis remain high in the rural areas of Zona da Mata, Pernambuco (ZMP, Brazil, where these parasites still represent a significant public health problem. The present study aimed to spatially assess the occurrences of schistosomiasis and geohelminthiasis in the ZMP. METHODS: The ZMP has a population of 1,132,544 inhabitants, formed by 43 municipalities. An ecological study was conducted, using secondary data relating to positive human cases and parasite loads of schistosomiasis and positive human cases of geohelminthiasis that were worked up in Excel 2007. We used the coordinates of the municipal headquarters to represent the cities which served as the unit of analysis of this study. The Kernel estimator was used to spatially analyze the data and identify distribution patterns and case densities, with analysis done in ArcGIS software. RESULTS: Spatial analysis from the Kernel intensity estimator made it possible to construct density maps showing that the northern ZMP was the region with the greatest number of children infected with parasites and the populations most intensely infected by Schistosoma mansoni. In relation to geohelminths, there was higher spatial distribution of cases of Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura in the southern ZMP, and greater occurrence of hookworms in the northern/central ZMP. CONCLUSIONS: Despite several surveys and studies showing occurrences of schistosomiasis and geohelminthiasis in the ZMP, no preventive measures that are known to have been effective in decreasing these health hazards have yet been implemented in the endemic area.

  13. A multielement analysis of natural radionuclides in an area of Pernambuco - Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos Junior, Jose Araujo dos [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica]. E-mail: jaraujo@ufpe.br; Cardoso, Jorge Joao Ricardo Ferreira [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Geologia]. E-mail: jcardoso@ufpe.br; Amaral, Romilton dos Santos; Leoterio, Dilmo Marques da Silva [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Energia Nuclear. Grupo de Radioecologia (RAE)]. E-mail: romilton@ufpe.br; Menezes, Romulo Simoes Cezar [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Energia Nuclear. Grupo de Fertilidade de Solos]. E-mail: rmenezes@ufpe.br; Silva, Cleomacio Miguel da [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Fisica]. E-mail: cleomacio@hotmail.com; Rocha, Edilson Accioly [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica de Pernambuco, Recife, PE (Brazil)]. E-mail: edilsonaccioly@cefetpe.br

    2007-07-01

    Levels of natural radioactivity are the major cause of external exposure to gamma radiation. Based on this parameter, natural radioactivity of {sup 238}U, {sup 232}Th and {sup 40}K were evaluated in a semiarid region of Pernambuco, Brazil, with the aim of obtaining radiometric monitoring of agricultural soils. For the analyses, the gamma spectrometry was utilized with a hyperpure germanium detector with an intrinsic efficiency of 27.7%. Seventy eight samples of soil that were collected in an area of approximately 55,500 m{sup 2}, around an anomaly of uranium in rock, were analyzed. The activities of {sup 238}U were evaluated by the 63 keV photopeak of {sup 234}Th, that of {sup 232}Th by the 338, 911 and 969 keV peak of {sup 228}Ac, and that of {sup 40}K by its 1,461 keV peak. The mean of the activities for these radionuclides were 91 Bq.kg{sup -1} (median 88 Bq.kg{sup -1}) for the {sup 238}U, {sup 228} Bq.kg{sup -1} (median 215 Bq.kg{sup -1}) for the {sup 232}Th and 1,827 Bq.kg{sup -1} (median 1,662 Bq.kg{sup -1}) for the {sup 40}K. The anomalous rock did not present neither associated thorium nor potassium (values below the limit of detection: < 10 Bq.kg{sup -1} of {sup 232}Th and < 62 Bq.kg{sup -}'1 of {sup 40}K), thus giving the characteristic of another natural radioactivity source. The obtained data allow to take important conclusions about the distribution of the radioactivity levels, to establish radioecological parameters. (author)

  14. Playful Teaching Work of School Science Teachers Fundamental in a Municipal School in Pernambuco, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Medeiros Silva, Suzana Cinthia Gomes; de Oliveira, Maria Marly; de Oliveira, Gilvaneide Ferreira

    2017-01-01

    This study is part of a dissertation which aims to explore and understand the role of play in the teaching-learning process at elementary level in a public school at Pernambuco, Brazil. We opted for a qualitative approach, using the interactive methodology, interviews by the technique of hermeneutic-dialectical circle, observations of science…

  15. Normal aerobic bacterial conjunctival flora in the Crab-eating raccoon (Procyon cancrivorus) and Coati (Nasua nasua) housed in captivity in pernambuco and paraiba (Northeast, Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spinelli, Taciana P; Oliveira-Filho, Edmilson F; Silva, Davi; Mota, Rinaldo; Sá, F B

    2010-09-01

    To determine the normal aerobic bacterial conjunctival population of the Coatis and the Crab-eating raccoons housed in captivity in the Pernambuco and Paraiba states of Brazil. Ten healthy Coatis and 10 healthy Crab-eating raccoons were selected for this study. Animals are from three zoos situated at the Pernambuco and Paraiba States in the north-east of Brazil. After ophthalmologic examination, swabs from healthy animals were carefully collected in order to avoid contamination. Samples were identified and submitted to the laboratory. Swabs were plated for culture on ovine blood agar (8%) and agar Levine and incubated at 37 °C and observed 24 and 48 h. Staphylococcus spp. was the most common microorganism isolated from conjunctival sac. Shigella spp. comprised the Gram-negative genera isolated. Escherichia coli were isolated from the right eye of one Coati that had no growth at contralateral eye. Nine eyes from coatis and 10 from Crab-eating raccoons had no microorganisms isolated. Our results were in accordance with previous studies indicating Staphylococcus sp., followed by Corynebacterium spp. as the most common inhabitant of the eyes of most mammalian species.

  16. 76 FR 12651 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; State of Oregon; Regional Haze State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-08

    ..., meteorology and atmospheric chemistry for aerosol formation to predict pollutant concentrations in the Class I... contribute to haze at specific Class I areas. WEP does not account for atmospheric chemistry (secondary... sources in Washington, Oregon, and marine shipping in the Pacific offshore region (see Oregon Regional...

  17. 76 FR 1579 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; State of Idaho; Regional Haze State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-11

    ... address regional haze. The regional haze program, as reflected in the RHR, recognizes the importance of..., meteorology and atmospheric chemistry for aerosol formation to predict pollutant concentrations in the Class I... contribute to haze at specific Class I areas. WEP does not account for atmospheric chemistry (secondary...

  18. Structural quality of polyacrylamide-treated cohesive soils in the coastal tablelands of Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Vandeval Maranhão de Melo

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Water-soluble polymers are characterized as effective flocculating agents due to their molecular features. Their application to soils with horizons with structural problems, e.g, a cohesive character, contributes to improvements in the physical quality and thus to the agricultural suitability of such soils. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the structural quality of soils with cohesive horizons of coastal tablelands in the State of Pernambuco treated with polyacrylamide (PAM as chemical soil conditioner. To this end, three horizons (one cohesive and two non-cohesive of a Yellow Argisol (Ultisol were evaluated and to compare cohesive horizons, the horizon of a Yellow Latosol (Oxisol was selected. The treatments consisted of aqueous PAM solutions (12.5; 50.0; 100.0 mg kg-1 and distilled water (control. The structural aspects of the horizons were evaluated by the stability (soil mass retained in five diameter classes, aggregate distribution per size class (mean weight diameter- MWD, geometric mean diameter - GMD and the magnitude of the changes introduced by PAM by measuring the sensitivity index (Si. Aqueous PAM solutions increased aggregate stability in the largest evaluated diameter class of the cohesive and non-cohesive horizons, resulting in higher MWD and GMD, with highest efficiency of the 100 mg kg-1 solution. The cohesive horizon Bt1 in the Ultisol was most sensitive to the action of PAM, where highest Si values were found, but the structural quality of the BA horizon of the Oxisol was better in terms of stability and aggregate size distribution.

  19. PREVALENCE OF INCIDENTAL GALLBLADDER CANCER IN A TERTIARY-CARE HOSPITAL FROM PERNAMBUCO, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Euclides Dias MARTINS-FILHO

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundGallbladder cancer is sometimes incidentally uncovered following cholecystectomy for gallstones diseases. The supposed highly variable prevalence of incidental gallbladder cancer through our country is unknown.ObjectiveTo explore the prevalence of incidental gallbladder cancer in our tertiary-care hospital.MethodsA cross-sectional study was carried out on patients who consecutively underwent cholecystectomy due to gallstones disease at Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde, Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira - FPS/IMIP, from January, 2007 to December, 2010. Data on incidental gallbladder cancer patients were explored for prevalence estimation and description of our experience with the management of this malignancy.ResultsOur analysis involved 2018 patients with a marked predominance of women (n=1.697; 84.1% over men (n=321; 15.9%. The 3-year prevalence estimate of 0.34% was recorded for incidental gallbladder cancer in our sample. Regarding tumor staging, there were 1 T1a, 1 T1b, and 5 T2 adenocarcinoma tumors. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy alone was performed for the T1a tumor, and additional radical surgery was performed in five others. One patient presented metastatic disease at the time of repeat surgery. The final pathology revealed residual/additional disease in all T2 tumors after radical surgery whereas the T1b patient underwent a salvage Whipple’s procedure due to a secondary distal cholangiocarcinoma. The patient with T1a tumor is alive after 3-year follow-up but all of the others died because of disease recurrence/progression up to 12 months.ConclusionThis study confirms the poor prognosis of Gallbladder cancer even when incidentally diagnosed following cholecystectomy and supposes a 3-year prevalence estimate of 0.34% for incidental gallbladder cancer in our Center from Pernambuco State, Brazil.

  20. Catálogo florístico y claves de identificación de las ciperáceas de los Estados de Paraíba y Pernambuco (nordeste de Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luceño, Modesto

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available The present work presents the results of our studies of the family Cyperaceae in the northeastern Brazilian States of Pernambuco and Paraiba. The introduction includes a historical synopsis of previous work and summarizes the main types of vegetation found in the región. Keys for identification of the 22 genera and 127 species which comprise the catalogue are included. The species are enumerated for each genus, along with synonyms which have been employed in the región, material examined, frequency, habitat, general geographic distribution, and taxonomic observations where appropriate. More than half of the species are new records for Pernambuco and Paraiba. Two species are reported as new to science. Fuirena lainzii Luceño & M. Alves (1996 and Scleria pernambucana Luceño & M. Alves (1997. Two species are first reports from the American continent, Pycreus pumilus (L. Nees and P. pelophilus (Ridley C.B. Clarke, and two are first repoits for Brazil, Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R. Forster & G. Forster Dandy ex Hutchinson & Daziel and Scleria mexicana (Liebm. Boeck. Six genera and 10 species are new citations for the northeastem región of Brazil. A lectotype for Cyperus grossianus T.M. Ped. is chosen. Additionally, new localities are given for regional endemisms considered for be rare; other findings represent disjunctions of considerable biogeographical importance.En el presente trabajo se exponen los resultados de las investigaciones que hemos llevado a cabo, sobre la familia de las Ciperáceas, en los Estados brasileños de Pemambuco y Paraíba. En la introducción se presenta una sinopsis histórica de los trabajos anteriores y se resumen las principales formaciones vegetales. Se ofrecen claves para la identificación de los 22 géneros y las 136 especies que componen el catálogo. Tras las claves de cada género se enumeran las diversas especies del mismo, junto con los sinónimos que han sido empleados en la región, materiales examinados

  1. Attributes for NHDPlus Catchments (Version 1.1) for the Conterminous United States: Hydrologic Landscape Regions

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set represents the area of Hydrologic Landscape Regions (HLR) compiled for every catchment of NHDPlus for the conterminous United States. The source data...

  2. Climate change/variability science and adaptive strategies for state and regional transportation decision making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    The objective of this study was to generate a baseline understanding of current policy responses to climate : change/variability at the state and regional transportation-planning and -decision levels. Specifically, : researchers were interested in th...

  3. Automatic Regionalization Algorithm for Distributed State Estimation in Power Systems: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Dexin; Yang, Liuqing; Florita, Anthony; Alam, S.M. Shafiul; Elgindy, Tarek; Hodge, Bri-Mathias

    2016-08-01

    The deregulation of the power system and the incorporation of generation from renewable energy sources recessitates faster state estimation in the smart grid. Distributed state estimation (DSE) has become a promising and scalable solution to this urgent demand. In this paper, we investigate the regionalization algorithms for the power system, a necessary step before distributed state estimation can be performed. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first investigation on automatic regionalization (AR). We propose three spectral clustering based AR algorithms. Simulations show that our proposed algorithms outperform the two investigated manual regionalization cases. With the help of AR algorithms, we also show how the number of regions impacts the accuracy and convergence speed of the DSE and conclude that the number of regions needs to be chosen carefully to improve the convergence speed of DSEs.

  4. Linfossarcoma em bovinos no Agreste Meridional de Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alonso P. Silva Filho

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho são descritos os sinais clínicos, patologia clínica e patologia de 24 bovinos com leucose bovina enzoótica atendidos na Clínica de Bovinos de Garanhuns da Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco. Esses casos representaram 0,5% de 4.758 bovinos atendidos entre os anos de 2000 e 2010. A doença afetou 22 (91,7% fêmeas e dois machos. Vinte e um animais (87,5% eram de raças leiteras (seis Holandês, 13 Girolando, um Jersey e um Pardo Suíça e três (12,5% eram da raça Nelore. Vinte e três animais (95,8% tinham idade entre 3 e 8 anos e um era mais jovem. Todos eram criados em regime de confinamento ou semi-confinamento. Clinicamente todos os animais apresentaram aumento dos linfonodos superficias. Outros sinais frequentes foram hiporexia, diminuição da produção de leite, emagrecimento progressivo, escore corporal baixo, desidratação, hipomotilidade dos pré-estômagos e fezes alteradas e em pouca quantidade. Com menor frequência foram observados exoftalmia, dispneia e aumento de volume do útero. No leucograma foi constatada leucocitose média de 34.082/µL, com linfocitose de 21.814/µL e neutrofilia de 10.906/µL. Treze animais foram necropsiados e os demais foram enviados pelos proprietários para o abate. Dos treze animais abatidos todos apresentaram lesões nos linfonodos superficiais, seis nos linfonodos mesentéricos, seis no intestino, três no abomaso, um no coração, um no fígado, um no rúmen, um no útero e um no rim. Diante da importância desta enfermidade e dos prejuízos causados pela mesma é necessário alertar produtores sobre os cuidados a serem tomados durante a aquisição de animais, assim como da necessidade de implantar medidas que evitem a difusão da doença entre as fazendas.

  5. Pitiose em ovinos nos estados de Pernambuco e Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel V. Carrera

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A pitiose é uma doença infecciosa causada pelo oomiceto aquático P. insidiosum que acomete animais e o homem, especialmente habitantes de áreas úmidas. A enfermidade apresenta como característica principal a formação de lesões com aspecto granulomatoso nos hospedeiros. Neste trabalho, relatou-se a ocorrência da pitiose em ovinos nos estados de Pernambuco (PE e Bahia (BA, Nordeste do Brasil, bem como foi avaliada a eficácia de um imunoterápico frente a esta enfermidade. Amostras de sangue de 53 ovinos foram coletadas, sendo 49 animais oriundos de propriedades localizadas em PE e quatro animais provenientes da BA. Sete ovinos demonstraram sinais clínicos de pitiose ovina. Um dos animais foi submetido à eutanásia e sua cabeça e linfonodo submandibular foram coletados e enviados para análises laboratoriais. Seis ovinos foram submetidos à imunoterapia, sendo mantidos nas instalações do setor de ovinocultura da Univasf/Petrolina-PE durante o tratamento. As técnicas de ELISA, cultura fúngica e reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR foram utilizadas como métodos diagnósticos da pitiose ovina, sendo eficientes para confirmação dos casos clínicos no rebanho. Ao exame microscópico do material coletado da cavidade nasal de um animal eutanasiado, observou-se uma área focalmente extensa de necrose com presença de infiltrado difuso de neutrófilos íntegros e degenerados margeando a cartilagem. Somente um animal apresentou cura clínica, indicando uma eficiência no tratamento da pitiose de 16,7% (1/6. O aumento de casos de pitiose tem sido denotado em diversos municípios de PE e da BA. Neste contexto, o emprego do imunoterápico pode ser uma alternativa a ser pesquisada. Portanto, estudos futuros devem ser realizados para investigar o efeito da imunoterapia aplicada à pitiose em ovinos.

  6. Altered Regional Homogeneity in Pediatric Bipolar Disorder during Manic State: A Resting-State fMRI Study

    OpenAIRE

    Qian Xiao; Yuan Zhong; Dali Lu; Weijia Gao; Qing Jiao; Guangming Lu; Linyan Su

    2013-01-01

    UNLABELLED: Pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD) is a severely debilitating illness, which is characterized by episodes of mania and depression separated by periods of remission. Previous fMRI studies investigating PBD were mainly task-related. However, little is known about the abnormalities in PBD, especially during resting state. Resting state brain activity measured by fMRI might help to explore neurobiological biomarkers of the disorder. METHODS: Regional homogeneity (ReHo) was examined with...

  7. A rationale for schistosomiasis control in elementary schools of the rainforest zone of pernambuco, Brazil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tereza C Favre

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Since its beginning in 1999, the Schistosomiasis Control Program within the Unified Health System (PCE-SUS has registered a cumulative coverage of just 20% of the population from the Rainforest Zone of Pernambuco (ZMP, northeast Brazil. This jeopardizes the accomplishment of the minimum goal of the Fifty-Fourth World Health Assembly, resolution WHA54.19, of providing treatment for schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiases (STH to 75% of school-aged children at risk, which requires attending at least 166,000 residents in the 7-14 age range by year 2010 in that important endemic area. In the present study, secondary demographic and parasitological data from a representative municipality of the ZMP are analyzed to provide evidence that the current, community-based approach to control schistosomiasis and STH is unlikely to attain the WHA-54.19 minimum goal and to suggest that school-based control actions are also needed. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Data available on the PCE-SUS activities related to diagnosis and treatment of the population from the study municipality were obtained from the State Secretary of Health of Pernambuco (SES/PE for 2002-2006, complemented by the Municipal Secretary of Health (SMS for 2003-2004. Data from a school-based stool survey carried out by the Schistosomiasis Reference Service of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (SRE/Fiocruz in 2004 were used to provide information on infection status variation among school-aged children (7-14 years. According to the SES, from 2004 to 2006, only 2,977 (19.5% of the estimated 15,288 residents of all ages were examined, of which 396 (13.3% were positive for Schistosoma mansoni. Among these, only 180 (45.5% were treated. According to the SMS, of the 1,766 examined in the 2003-2004 population stool survey 570 (32.3% were children aged 7-14 years. One year later, the SRE/Fiocruz school survey revealed that the infection status among those children remained unchanged

  8. U.S. Department of Energy Regional Resource Centers Report: State of the Wind Industry in the Regions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baranowski, Ruth [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United St; Oteri, Frank [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United St; Baring-Gould, Ian [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United St; Tegen, Suzanne [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United St

    2016-03-01

    The wind industry and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) are addressing technical challenges to increasing wind energy's contribution to the national grid (such as reducing turbine costs and increasing energy production and reliability), and they recognize that public acceptance issues can be challenges for wind energy deployment. Wind project development decisions are best made using unbiased information about the benefits and impacts of wind energy. In 2014, DOE established six wind Regional Resource Centers (RRCs) to provide information about wind energy, focusing on regional qualities. This document summarizes the status and drivers for U.S. wind energy development on regional and state levels. It is intended to be a companion to DOE's 2014 Distributed Wind Market Report, 2014 Wind Technologies Market Report, and 2014 Offshore Wind Market and Economic Analysis that provide assessments of the national wind markets for each of these technologies.

  9. 77 FR 41279 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Pennsylvania; Regional Haze State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-13

    ... compliance of controls, remaining useful life of the facility, energy and non air-quality environmental...(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they... compounds. Dated: June 15, 2012. W.C. Early, Acting Regional Administrator, Region III. 40 CFR part 52 is...

  10. Social housing provision in the Italian region of Lombardy : Between market, state and community

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Urbani, S.; Van Bortel, G.A.

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes social housing developments in Lombardy, one of the most affluent regions in the Italy. Housing policy in Italy is mainly the responsibility of the Regions. We discuss the challenges of social housing provision and the interplay between market, state, community and third sector

  11. EDUCATION AND BOYS OF EDUCATION AND BLACK GIRLS AND UNDERPRIVILEGED IN INSTITUTIONS FOR ORPHANS (PERNAMBUCO, XIX CENTURY)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Adlene Silva Arantes

    2015-01-01

    This study is part of a broader research aimed to understand education to underprivileged children in institutions for orphans that worked in the Province of Pernambuco during the nineteenth century...

  12. Regional assessment of emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis, impacts in forests of the Eastern United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randall S. Morin; Andrew M. Liebhold; Scott A. Pugh; Susan J. Crocker

    2017-01-01

    Native to Asia, the emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) has caused extensive mortality of ash tree species (Fraxinus spp.) in the eastern United States. As of 2013, the pest was documented in 18 % of counties within the natural range of ash in the eastern United States. Regional forest inventory data from the U.S...

  13. 77 FR 14603 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Arkansas; Regional Haze State Implementation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-12

    ... BART Analysis for White Bluff 7. Other Comments Related to BART D. Comments on the Arkansas Pollution... Implementation Plan To Address Pollution Affecting Visibility and Regional Haze; Final Rule #0;#0;Federal... State Implementation Plan; Interstate Transport State Implementation Plan To Address Pollution Affecting...

  14. Development of State Interindustry Models for Rocky Mountain Region and California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sathaye, Jayant A.; Kunin, Leonard

    1976-02-01

    Interindustry tables have been developed for the eight Rocky Mountain States and California. These tables are based on the 367-order 1967 national interindustry table. The national matrix was expanded to 404 sectors by disaggregating the seven minerals industries to 44 industries. The state tables can be used for energy and other resource analysis. Regional impacts of alternate development strategies can be evaluated with their use. A general computer program has been developed to facilitate construction of state interindustry tables.

  15. Regionalization of the Iowa State University Extension System: Lessons Learned by Key Administrators

    OpenAIRE

    Mary S. Holz-Clause; Koundinya, Vikram Swaroop Chandra; Glenn, Sherry; Payne, Jack M.

    2012-01-01

    The cyclical economic downturn in the United States has forced many Extension administrators to rethink and adjust services and programming. The Cooperative Extension System (CES), the organization primarily responsible for governmental Extension work in the United States, at Iowa State University responded to this economic downturn by restructuring its organization from county based to a regional model. This paper shares the experiences of key administrators in planning this restructuring pr...

  16. Trade Flows Between the United States and Mexico: NAFTA and the Border Region

    OpenAIRE

    Barajas, Ismael Aguilar; Sisto, Nicholas P.; Gaytán, Edgardo Ayala; Cantú, Joana Chapa; López, Benjamín Hidalgo

    2014-01-01

    Since the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) came into force in 1994, U.S.-Mexico trade has soared. The regional structure of trade flows within Mexico however has been hardly documented. This paper offers an analysis of state-level U.S.-Mexico trade flows. We find that the regional structure of bi-national trade under NAFTA has remained quite stable. Border States, in particular Texas and the Northeastern Mexico states, have consistently played a large role in overall U.S.-Mexico tr...

  17. 78 FR 10546 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; State of Alaska; Regional Haze State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-14

    ... Juan coal-fired generating station in New Mexico, EPA imposed a 0.05 lbs/mmBtu BART limit, and the... health, the importance of visibility to tourism in Alaska, motoring techniques and coal combustion and... National Park, and to ensure that tourism to pristine areas in Alaska is not adversely impacted by regional...

  18. 77 FR 50611 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; State of Oregon; Regional Haze State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-22

    ... requirements of Clean Air Act (CAA or the Act) section 169A and B and the regional haze regulations in 40 CFR... retrofit technology (BART). 76 FR 38997. On May 23, 2012, EPA proposed approving the remaining portion of.... Information is organized as follows: Table of Contents I. Background II. Final Action III. Scope of Action IV...

  19. 77 FR 30467 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; State of Washington; Regional Haze State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-23

    ... TransAlta Centralia Generation LLC coal-fired power plant in Centralia, Washington (TransAlta). The... . Mail: Steve Body, EPA Region 10, Suite 900, Office of Air, Waste and Toxics, 1200 Sixth Avenue, Seattle...: Steve Body, ] Office of Air, Waste and Toxics, AWT-107. Such deliveries are only accepted during normal...

  20. 77 FR 66929 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; State of Idaho; Regional Haze State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-08

    ... Region 10, Office of Air, Waste, and Toxics, AWT-107, 1200 Sixth Avenue, Seattle, Washington 98101. EPA... pollutants from BART and non-BART units for three plants: The J.R. Simplot Don Plant, Nu West/Agrium, and P4... (WRAP) identified 31 separate emission units within the plant and that the most significant sources of...

  1. 76 FR 36329 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; State of Idaho; Regional Haze State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-22

    ... consider TASCO's shutdown and replacement of three coal-fired pulp dryers in the Regional Haze SIP... alternative crop). EPA also refers to the Patterson study (2009) which compared sugar beets, at different price and yield levels, to alternative crops. Affordability Analysis, p. 27. Furthermore, the analysis...

  2. Prevalência e fatores associados ao consumo de frutas, legumes e verduras entre adolescentes de escolas públicas de Caruaru, PE Prevalence and factors associated with the consumption of fruit and vegetables by adolescents in public schools in Caruaru, Pernambuco state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludmila Correa Muniz

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de um estudo transversal de base escolar que avaliou a prevalência e fatores associados ao consumo diário de frutas, legumes e verduras (FLV entre adolescentes de escolas públicas de Caruaru (PE. Para avaliar os fatores associados ao consumo diário de FLV, realizou-se análise multivariável e hierarquizada, por regressão de Poisson, com variáveis sociodemográficas no primeiro nível, comportamentais no segundo e alimentares no terceiro. Os resultados mostraram que, dos 600 adolescentes entrevistados, 10% informaram não consumir frutas e 30,7% não consomem legumes/verduras. A prevalência de consumo diário de frutas foi 32,9% e de legumes/verduras 29%. Apenas 6,5% dos adolescentes consomem ambos os alimentos diariamente. Somente o consumo diário de legumes/verduras apresentou diferença segundo sexo (maior nas meninas. O consumo diário de frutas foi 63% maior entre residentes da zona urbana. Não ingerir álcool esteve associado com maior consumo de frutas, mas não com o de legumes/verduras. O consumo diário de frutas e legumes/verduras foi 2,4 vezes maior entre adolescentes que consomem arroz e feijão diariamente. O consumo diário de FLV entre adolescentes caruaruenses é inferior ao recomendado, estando associado ao sexo, zona de residência, consumo de álcool e de arroz e feijão.This is a cross-sectional school-based study that evaluated the prevalence and associated factors of the daily intake of fruit and vegetables by adolescents at public schools in Caruaru, Pernambuco. Poisson regression with a hierarchical model, including sociodemographic variables in the first hierarchical level, behavioral variables in the second and diet-related variables in the third was used to assess the factors associated with fruit and vegetable intake. The results showed that of the 600 adolescents interviewed, 10% reported never eating fruit and 30.7% mentioned not eating vegetables. Prevalence of fruit intake was 32.9% and

  3. Mineralogia de um Argissolo Vermelho-Amarelo da zona úmida costeira do Estado de Pernambuco Mineralogy of an Ultisol in the coastal humid zone of Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júlio Guilherme da Costa Lima

    2008-04-01

    álise dos resultados permite concluir que o Argissolo estudado é autóctone, bem desenvolvido e altamente intemperizado devido às condições de clima, relevo e vegetação, apresentando baixa reserva potencial mineral de nutrientes para as plantas.Soil mineralogy is an important tool to study and understand soil genesis and soil physical and chemical behavior. Furthermore, soil mineralogy is used as diagnostic criterion to define soil classes in the Brazilian System of Soil Classification and provides information on the potential soil mineral reserve of plant nutrients. In this context, this study presents the mineralogical characterization of gravel, fine and coarse sand fractions (under a binocular lens and petrographic microscope, and of the silt and clay fractions (by X ray diffraction of all soil horizons, and the petrographic study of the parent rock, aiming to understand the mineralogical evolution of a typical Ultisol of the Coastal Humid Zone of Pernambuco State. The coarse fractions of the studied Ultisol are formed, essentially, by angular shaped quartz (> 95 %, demonstrating the absence of transported materials during soil formation. Rock fragments (formed by quartz, feldspars and opaque minerals, feldspars and biotite, with more evident weathering in the surface horizons, were also observed and are mineralogically compatible with the parent rock. The silt fraction is composed by micas, feldspars, quartz and kaolinite. Chlorite is only observed in the deeper horizons. The clay fraction has the same mineralogy as observed for the silt fraction, and still there are interstratified minerals in the bottom horizons. The parent rock is biotite-gneiss of medium granulometry, formed by feldspars (plagioclase, perthite and microcline, quartz and biotite, with epidotes, zircon and opaque minerals as accessory minerals. The results showed that the studied Ultisol is autochthonous and highly weathered, due to the humid tropical climatic conditions, and has a very low

  4. Altered regional homogeneity in pediatric bipolar disorder during manic state: a resting-state fMRI study.

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    Qian Xiao

    Full Text Available UNLABELLED: Pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD is a severely debilitating illness, which is characterized by episodes of mania and depression separated by periods of remission. Previous fMRI studies investigating PBD were mainly task-related. However, little is known about the abnormalities in PBD, especially during resting state. Resting state brain activity measured by fMRI might help to explore neurobiological biomarkers of the disorder. METHODS: Regional homogeneity (ReHo was examined with resting-state fMRI (RS-fMRI on 15 patients with PBD in manic state, with 15 age-and sex-matched healthy youth subjects as controls. RESULTS: Compared with the healthy controls, the patients with PBD showed altered ReHo in the cortical and subcortical structures. The ReHo measurement of the PBD group was negatively correlated with the score of Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS in the superior frontal gyrus. Positive correlations between the ReHo measurement and the score of YMRS were found in the hippocampus and the anterior cingulate cortex in the PBD group. CONCLUSIONS: Altered regional brain activity is present in patients with PBD during manic state. This study presents new evidence for abnormal ventral-affective and dorsal-cognitive circuits in PBD during resting state and may add fresh insights into the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying PBD.

  5. 76 FR 52604 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; State of Kansas Regional Haze State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-23

    ...; and (4) the remaining useful life of any potentially affected sources. States must demonstrate in... pollution control technology in use at the source, (4) the remaining useful life of the source, and (5) the... rock processing plants, (14) Coke oven batteries, (15) Sulfur recovery plants, (16) Carbon black plants...

  6. 77 FR 76173 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; State of Washington; Regional Haze State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ...'' to a single source or small group of sources, i.e., ``reasonably attributable visibility impairment... (ECA) on the west coast of the United States and Canada were taken into account in the 2018 emission estimates (ECA Amendments to MARPOL Annex VI). These emissions are outside the modeling domain but may...

  7. 77 FR 30953 - Approval and Promulgation of State Implementation Plans; State of Wyoming; Regional Haze Rule...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-24

    ... Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments monitoring network. xii. The initials MRR mean or... mean or refer to the State of Wyoming. Table of Contents I. General Information A. What should I... Enforcement g. Program Evaluation 2. Inventory and Tracking System 3. Strategy for Use of Alternatives to...

  8. 77 FR 38191 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; State of Mississippi; Regional Haze State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-27

    ... ), and in some cases, ammonia and volatile organic compounds. Fine particle precursors react in the... reductions expected from federal and state regulations affecting the emissions of volatile organic compounds... disagrees with MDEQ's decision to not subject Mississippi Power Company--Plant Watson (Plant Watson) and the...

  9. Decisões judiciais sobre acesso aos medicamentos em Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Artur Stamford

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar as decisões do sistema jurídico sobre acesso da população a medicamentos no Sistema Único de Saúde por via judicial quanto a critérios de decisão e eventuais pressões políticas e econômicas. MÉTODOS: Estudo documental descritivo e retrospectivo de abordagem qualitativa e quantitativa. A coleta de dados foi realizada na Superintendência Estadual de Assistência Farmacêutica de Pernambuco, utilizando-se como fontes de dados 105 ações judiciais e relatórios administrativos de janeiro a junho de 2009. Verificaram-se os medicamentos com pedido ou carta patente no banco de dados do Instituto Nacional de Propriedade Industrial para identificar a frequência das patentes nas ações judiciais. Os dados obtidos foram classificados conforme o Sistema Anatômico Terapêutico Químico. Para análise das decisões judiciais, foi utilizada a teoria dos sistemas sociais autopoiéticos. RESULTADOS: As ações judiciais somaram 134 medicamentos com valor estimado de R$ 4,5 milhões para atender aos tratamentos solicitados; 70,9% dos medicamentos estavam com carta patente ou pedido e se concentraram em três classes terapêuticas: antineoplásicos e moduladores imunológicos, aparelho digestório e metabolismo, órgãos dos sentidos. Foram identificadas seis ideias centrais com os critérios de decisão dos magistrados (Constituição Federal e prescrição médica e as pressões entre os sistemas do direito, da economia e da política quanto ao acesso a medicamentos. CONCLUSÕES: A análise das decisões judiciais fundamentadas na teoria dos sistemas sociais autopoiéticos permitiu identificar as estimulações mútuas (dependências entre o sistema do direito e demais sistemas sociais em relação à questão do acesso dos cidadãos aos medicamentos. Essas dependências foram representadas pela Constituição Federal e pela propriedade intelectual. A Constituição Federal e a prescrição médica foram identificadas como

  10. Analyzing the Differentiation of Socio-Economic Development of Regions in EU Member States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kosyrieva Olena V.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The article investigates problems of differentiation of regional socioeconomic development in EU Member States. As the countries studied there were chosen: Germany, Spain, France, Italy, Poland and the United Kingdom. To compare the socio-economic level of development of regions in the EU Member States the indicators of GDP per capita and unemployment rate were used. With the help of the matrix approach to identifying problems of the countries’ regions in the context of their socio-economic development, there were carried out corresponding calculations by regions of the chosen countries and compared with the values of the relevant indicators of the matrix to the average for the EU and the country studied. On the basis of using the theory of “center-periphery” and grouping the regions in EU Member States by levels, it is proved that a greater level of GDP per capita on the EU scale is achieved by the EU Member States, which have more economically developed center with an appropriate kernel (or the number of regions.

  11. The development and state regional policy in the V4 countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominik Pristach

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available -\tArticle provides an overview of the current state of development of regional policy in the European Union, which compares with developments in the countries of the Rose Group (Slovakia, Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland -\tit informs about the possibilities of regional, structural and cohesion European Union policy -\tobjectives and instruments of regional policy in the programming period 2007 – 2013 -\tWhat is NUTS regions and cohesion. in all countries analyzed evaluates and compares economic regions according to objective level verifiable indicators. They include gross domestic product (GDP in purchasing power parity (PPP 1 per capita and unemployment levels -\twork describes the strategies, objectives, instruments, program and institutional framework of regional policy in individual countries.

  12. Clorofíceas marinhas bentônicas da Praia de Serrambi, Pernambuco, Brasil Benthic marine Chlorophyceae from Serrambi Beach, Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sônia Maria Barreto Pereira

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available É apresentado o levantamento florístico sobre as clorofíceas marinhas bentônicas encontradas na Praia de Serrambi, litoral Sul do Estado de Pernambuco. O material estudado foi coletado em três estações, as quais foram visitadas mensalmente durante o período de abril de 1986 a setembro de 1987. As clorofíceas foram representadas na flora local por 39 espécies, três variedades e uma forma, pertencentes às ordens Ulotrichales, Ulvales, Siphonocladales, Cladophorales, Caulerpales e Dasycladales. Acetabularia calyculus Quoy & Gaimard. In Freycinet, Bryopsis pennata Lamouroux, Bryopsis plumosa (Hudson C. Agardh, Caulerpa ambigua Okamura, Caulerpa serrulata (Forsskål J. Agardh emend Børgesen, Chaetomorpha brachygona Harvey, Cladophora coelothrix Kützing, Cladophoropsis membranacea (C. Agardh Børgesen, Codium intertextum Collins & Hervey, Ernodesmis verticillata (Kützing Børgesen são novas referências para a flora do litoral de Pernambuco. Pringsheimiella scutata (Reinke von Höhnel ex Marchewianka o é também para o litoral continental do Brasil. Halimeda opuntia (L. Lamouroux foi hospedeira de maior número de epífitas, enquanto Bryopsis plumosa, quando epífita, foi a que cresceu sobre maior número de hospedeiros.This survey presents studies about benthics marine chlorophyceae found in the Serrambi Beach, South coast of Pernambuco. The material studied was collected in three stations, which were visited monthly during the period from April, 1986 to September, 1987. The chlorophyceae were represented in this flora by 39 species, three varieties and one form, from orders Ulotrichales, Ulvales, Siphonocladales, Cladophorales, Caulerpales and Dasycladales. Acetabularia calyculus Quoy & Gaimard. In Freycinet, Bryopsis pennata Lamouroux, Bryopsis plumosa (Hudson C. Agardh, Caulerpa ambigua Okamura, Caulerpa serrulata (Forsskål J. Agardh emend Børgesen, Chaetomorpha brachygona Harvey, Cladophora coelothrix Kützing, Cladophoropsis

  13. Avaliação da satisfação dos usuários com a qualidade do atendimento nas grandes emergências do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil Assessing user satisfaction regarding the quality of health care provided by emergency services in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio da Cruz Gouveia Mendes

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: avaliar a satisfação dos usuários em relação à qualidade do atendimento nas grandes emergências do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. MÉTODOS: trata-se de um estudo descritivo de corte transversal, realizado nas três maiores emergências do município: Hospital da Restauração, Hospital Getúlio Vargas e Hospital Otávio de Freitas. Foram entrevistados 420 usuários (5% dos atendimentos semanais, através da aplicação de questionários fechados, buscando-se uma relação entre variáveis independentes e o grau de satisfação do usuário. RESULTADOS: o perfil predominante dos usuários foi de uma população adulta jovem (46,7%, do sexo feminino (59,8%, com baixa escolaridade (61,6%, dona de casa ou desempregada (62,3% e moradora da região metropolitana (83%. A insatisfação com as condições oferecidas esteve presente em 55,2% dos usuários, sendo ainda maior entre aqueles de causa externas da emergência da Restauração (77,1%. As dimensões da qualidade pior avaliadas foram o conforto oferecido, 56% de insatisfação, e a priorização na assistência ao usuário através dos tempos de espera, com 48,1%. CONCLUSÃO: os resultados demonstraram uma avaliação crítica dos usuários. Percebe-se uma nítida variação de resultados entre as três unidades. A avaliação positiva em relação ao trabalho dos profissionais traz um alento sobre as possibilidades, porém os demais resultados evidenciam que muito há por fazer para qualificação do atendimento de emergência.OBJECTIVES: to assess users' evaluation of the quality of health care provided at emergency services in Recife, in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. METHODS: a cross-cutting descriptive study covering three major emergency services in the municipality: Hospital da Restauração, Hospital Getúlio Vargas and Hospital Otávio de Freitas. A survey was applied to 420 users (5% of the weekly attendance. Data was collected using this survey with closed questions, in

  14. Uso de agrotóxicos e a relação com a saúde na etnia Xukuru do Ororubá, Pernambuco, Brasil The pesticide use and health in the Xukuru from Ororubá ethnic group, Pernambuco, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glaciene Mary da Silva Gonçalves

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo tem como objetivo compreender o processo de utilização de agrotóxicos no cultivo agrícola e a relação com a saúde indígena a partir de um estudo de caso entre os índios Xukuru do Ororubá, em Pesqueira, Pernambuco, Brasil. As estratégias metodológicas utilizadas como a observação participante, análise documental, grupos focais, aplicação de questionários permitiram conhecer eventos sociopolíticos e culturais, a percepção dos indivíduos, os aspectos contextuais sócio-históricos que influenciaram a inserção da tecnologia do uso de agrotóxicos na terra indígena Xukuru e o processo produtivo agrícola. O uso de agrotóxicos na etnia está historicamente relacionado ao modelo socioeconômico introduzido com o processo de industrialização da região. Na percepção dos indígenas, o agrotóxico foi relacionado ao significado de remédio, mas também foi percebido como veneno. O uso dos produtos químicos é feito de forma intensiva e sem a utilização de equipamento de proteção individual. Os Xukuru reconhecem a influência dos agrotóxicos na saúde, mas destacam que esta prática é necessária para garantir a produção agrícola. Há necessidade de implementação de políticas públicas de promoção da saúde, objetivando oferecer aos índios Xukuru alternativas agrícolas sustentáveis que incluam a participação dos agricultores, respeitando suas tradições culturais.This study aims to understand the use of pesticides in agricultural cultivation and its relationship with indigenous health from a case study among the Xukuru from Ororuba indians, in the town of Pesqueira, Pernambuco State, Brazil. The methodological strategies used were participatory observation, document analysis, focus groups and questionnaires; they have given access to socio-political events and cultural ethnicity, the perception of individuals and contextual socio-historical aspects that influenced the inclusion of

  15. First record of Desmodus rotundus in urban area from the city of Olinda, Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil: a case report Primeiro registro de Desmodus rotundus na área urbana da cidade de Olinda, Pernambuco, Nordeste do Brasil: relato de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filipe Dantas Torres

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this report is to describe the first record of Desmodus rotundus in urban area from the city of Olinda, Pernambuco State, Northeastern Brazil, and to draw attention to the possible risk of rabies transmission in this place. After the complaint of a dog owner who observed three bats attacking his dog, images registering attacks of D. rotundus were captured with a video camera. From 09:00 p.m. on 13 February 2004 to 04:00 a.m. of the next day, a high frequency of haematophagic activity and the presence of several bites on the dog's body were observed. This finding represents a serious risk to public health. Thus, it is necessary to further study the bat fauna, with special attention to their feeding behaviour in this place, in order to better know their biology and to adopt pertinent control measures. This is, to our knowledge, the first record of D. rotundus in urban area of Olinda.O objetivo deste relato é descrever o primeiro registro de Desmodus rotundus na área urbana da cidade de Olinda, estado de Pernambuco, Nordeste do Brasil, e chamar atenção para o possível risco de transmissão da raiva nesta localidade. Após a queixa de um proprietário que observou três morcegos atacando um de seus cães, foram capturadas imagens com auxílio de uma câmara de vídeo que registram ataques de D. rotundus ao referido cão. No período das 21:00h do dia 13 de fevereiro de 2004 às 4:00h da manhã do dia seguinte, foram observados nove ataques de D. rotundus e também a presença de mordidas em várias partes do corpo do cão. Esse achado representa um sério risco para saúde pública. Conseqüentemente, faz-se necessária a realização de novos estudos a fim de conhecer melhor a biologia desta população de morcegos, com atenção especial para o comportamento alimentar, e adotar as medidas de controle pertinentes. Este é, para o nosso conhecimento, o primeiro relato da presença de D. rotundus em área urbana de Olinda.

  16. Desnutrição recente, crônica e pregressa em quatro localidades do Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil Malnutrition - recent, chronic, and past - in four localities in Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elenice Costa

    1981-04-01

    Full Text Available Foram estudadas 1.712 crianças menores de 6 anos, residentes nas cidades de Recife (Zona Litorânea, Ferreiros (Zona da Mata, Brejo da Madre de Deus (Zona do Agreste e Afogados da Ingazeira (Zona do Sertão - Estado de Pernambuco (Brasil - com o propósito de comparar a prevalência da desnutrição protéico-energética (DPE nas quatro localidades e contribuir para o mapeamento nosográfico da desnutrição do Estado. A situação nutricional das crianças foi determinada através dos critérios de Gomez, Ariza-Macias e Seoane-Lathan modificado. A relação peso/altura não discrimina muito bem a situação de três das comunidades estudadas. Segundo o critério de Seoane-Lathan modificado, são comprovadas diferenças significativas na prevalência de desnutrição dos três tipos (recente, crônica e pregressa entre o Recife e as cidades do interior, com exceção da situação na Zona do Agreste (Brejo da Madre de Deus.In order to compare the prevalence of PCM in four localities and to contribute to the nosographic mapping of malnutrition in the State of Pernambuco (Brazil the nutritional intake of about 1,712 children under 6 years of age, living in Recife (coastal area, Ferreiros (forest area, Brejo da Madre de Deus (arid area, and Afogados da Ingazeira (scrubland, was classified; for this the following methods were used: the Gomez, the Ariza-Macias, and the Seoane-Lathan (modified. According to the Gomez classification and from a statistical point of view, the prevalence of malnutrition was higher in the countryside than in Recife. The weight/height ratio does not clearly show the situation in three of the communities under study. Moreover, the modified Seoane-Lathan method revealed no significant difference in the three types of malnutrition (recent, chronic, and past between Recife and the other cities, with the exception of Brejo da Madre de Deus.

  17. State and problems of physical education in regional general education educational institutions

    OpenAIRE

    Мамешина, Маргарита Анатоліївна; Масляк, Ірина Павлівна

    2015-01-01

    Margarita Mameshina, Irina MaslyakPurpose: to study a state and problems of physical education in regional general education educational institutions. Material and Methods: 29 teachers of physical culture of Izyum and Izyum district of the Kharkov region took part in the research. The following methods were used: theoretical analysis and generalization of scientific literature, opinion poll, and mathematical statistics. Results: it is established that most of teachers aren't absolutely satisf...

  18. State and problems of physical education in regional general education educational institutions

    OpenAIRE

    Mameshina, Margarita; Maslyak, Irina; Zhuk, Vjacheslav

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: to study a state and problems of physical education in regional general education educational institutions. Material and Methods: 29 teachers of physical culture of Izyum and Izyum district of the Kharkov region took part in the research. The following methods were used: theoretical analysis and generalization of scientific literature, opinion poll, and mathematical statistics. Results: it is established that most of teachers aren't absolutely satisfied with the relation of pupils to...

  19. Theoretical and methodological approaches to the diagnosis of the region's state material reservation system status

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    Aleksandr Anatol'evich Kuklin

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the structural components of the state reserve theory with elements of decomposition and tools for studies in separate directions. The system of state material reserve, which includes the following components: economy - people - natural environment - is a necessary and sufficient reserve for their operation and development which is having the ability to respond to short-, medium- and long-term fluctuations in the economy and consider the risks of adverse factors appliance. It was determined that a necessary and sufficient reserve for the operation and development of the region is a major factor in ensuring its economic security. A method of diagnostics for the state material reserve system within the economic security of the region is presented and described. The approbation of the methodological apparatus for the assessment of the state material reserve by the example on the Ural Federal District was done.

  20. Analysis of the female mortality trend due to assault in Brazil, States and Regions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leite, Franciele Marabotti Costa; Mascarello, Keila Cristina; Almeida, Ana Paula Santana Coelho; Fávero, Juliana Lopes; Santos, Andréia Soprani Dos; Silva, Inácio Crochemore Mohnsam da; Wehrmeister, Fernando César

    2017-09-01

    This study aimed to analyze time trend of female mortality due to assault in Brazil, regions and states from 2002 to 2012. This is an ecological times series study with secondary data from women aged 20-59 years who died due to assault. Mortality rates were analyzed by simple linear regression and stratified by region, Gini Index and Human Development Index (HDI). The trend of female rate of mortality due to assault was stable in the country, with differences between states and regions. The Midwest had the highest rates and stagnation trend. There was an increased trend in the North, Northeast and South and a decreased trend in the Southeast. The states of the tertile with the highest HDI evidenced a declining trend and stabilization in the first and second tertiles. An increased mortality rate was recorded in states with greater social inequality. Notwithstanding the national stabilization behavior, results point to the need for social policies appropriate to the specificities of states and regions.

  1. Steady-state particle tracking in the object-oriented regional groundwater model ZOOMQ3D

    OpenAIRE

    Jackson, C.R.

    2002-01-01

    This report describes the development of a steady-state particle tracking code for use in conjunction with the object-oriented regional groundwater flow model, ZOOMQ3D (Jackson, 2001). Like the flow model, the particle tracking software, ZOOPT, is written using an object-oriented approach to promote its extensibility and flexibility. ZOOPT enables the definition of steady-state pathlines in three dimensions. Particles can be tracked in both the forward and reverse directions en...

  2. Offshore Wind Jobs and Economic Development Impacts in the United States: Four Regional Scenarios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tegen, S. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Keyser, D. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Flores-Espino, F. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Miles, J. [James Madison Univ., Harrisonburg, VA (United States); Zammit, D. [James Madison Univ., Harrisonburg, VA (United States); Loomis, D. [Great Lakes Wind Network, Cleveland, OH (United States)

    2015-02-01

    This report uses the offshore wind Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) model and provides four case studies of potential offshore deployment scenarios in different regions of the United States: the Southeast, the Great Lakes, the Gulf Coast, and the Mid-Atlantic. Researchers worked with developers and industry representatives in each region to create potential offshore wind deployment and supply chain growth scenarios, specific to their locations. These scenarios were used as inputs into the offshore JEDI model to estimate jobs and other gross economic impacts in each region.

  3. Regional inequalities and convergence clubs in the European Union new member-states

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimitris KALLIORAS

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper assesses on empirical grounds the level and the evolution of regional inequalities in each European Union new member-state (EU NMS and examines the possibility for the emergence of regional convergence clubs. The experience of the EU NMS is a unique situation, where relatively closed economic systems opened, almost at once, to the world economy and, at the same time, market mechanisms replaced central planning. Thus, understanding the spatial pattern of regional growth in the EU NMS may provide valuable insight for theory and policy. The application of non linear econometric models, which transcend the “all or nothing” logic behind conventional convergence analysis, has shown the existence of regional convergence clubs in many EU NMS. The identification of regional convergence clubs, irrespective of the pattern that emerges in each EU NMS, highlights the heterogeneous spatial impact of the EU economic integration process.

  4. Valor de uso e estrutura da vegetação lenhosa às margens do riacho do Navio, Floresta, PE, Brasil Use-value and phytosociology of woody plants on the banks of the Riacho do Navio stream, Floresta, Pernambuco State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Serafim Feitosa Ferraz

    2006-03-01

    ção das espécies que parecem ocorrer apenas nesses ambientes.This work was carried out at the gallery forest on the Navio stream, at Floresta (8º35'60"S; 38º34'05"W, Pernambuco, northeast Brazil. We aimed to (a estimate the use-value of woody plants used by the local community, and to (b relate species use-value to phytosociological parameters, as assessed from data obtained in 16 plots (20×30 m each, located in the five best preserved forest fragments. The local inhabitants who were more knowledgeable on plants and their use were considered key-informants and other inhabitants were considered as members of the community. Plants were classified according to eight categories of use: domestic construction; rural construction; medicinal purposes; food for human consumption; forage; technology; fuel; and other non-timber-related uses. There was a more widespread knowledge on the use of species for forage and timber. The local vegetation featured Ziziphus joazeiro Mart., Crataeva tapia L., Lonchocarpus sericeus (Poir. DC., Tabebuia aurea (Silva Manso Benth. & Hook. F. ex S. Moore, Geoffroea spinosa Jacq., Schnopsis brasiliensis Engl., Sapindus saponaria L., Albizia inundata (Mart. Barneby & Grimes and Triplaris gardneriana Wedd. The local key-informants and the community in general attributed uses to 34 species. Those which were singled out as having the greatest use value were: T. aurea, with 6.44 for the local key-informants and 4.10 for the community in general; Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell. Benan. var. cebil (Griseb Altschul., 4.81 for the local key-informants and 3.53 for the community in general; and S. brasiliensis, 4.25 for the key-informants and 4.47 for the local community in general. The estimated phytosociological parameters did not show any correlation with the use-values attributed to the species. The importance of the gallery forest has been highlighted not only because it conserves water resources and meets the needs of the local community, but also

  5. Background concentrations of metals in soils from selected regions in the State of Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ames, K.C.; Prych, E.A.

    1995-01-01

    Soil samples from 60 sites in the State of Washington were collected and analyzed to determine the magnitude and variability of background concen- trations of metals in soils of the State. Samples were collected in areas that were relatively undisturbed by human activity from the most pre- dominant soils in 12 different regions that are representative of large areas of Washington State. Concentrations of metals were determined by five different laboratory methods. Concentrations of mercury and nickel determined by both the total and total-recoverable methods displayed the greatest variability, followed by chromium and copper determined by the total-recoverable method. Concentrations of other metals, such as aluminum and barium determined by the total method, varied less. Most metals concentrations were found to be more nearly log-normally than normally distributed. Total metals concentrations were not significantly different among the different regions. However, total-recoverable metals concentrations were not as similar among different regions. Cluster analysis revealed that sampling sites in three regions encompassing the Puget Sound could be regrouped to form two new regions and sites in three regions in south-central and southeastern Washington State could also be regrouped into two new regions. Concentrations for 7 of 11 total-recoverable metals correlated with total metals concentrations. Concen- trations of six total metals also correlated positively with organic carbon. Total-recoverable metals concentrations did not correlate with either organic carbon or particle size. Concentrations of metals determined by the leaching methods did not correlate with total or total-recoverable metals concentrations, nor did they correlate with organic carbon or particle size.

  6. State regulation as a tool for improving the economic security of the regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu. M. Sokolinskaya

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Providing economic security for the development of regions, increasing their competitiveness, risk-free and sustainable activities are the main tasks of the regional program of social and economic development, which occupies a special place in the system of instruments for public management of these processes. The program of social and economic development is a unique strategy of the region aimed at security and optimization of the spatial structure and relations between the center and the regions in order to ensure economic security and growth by maximizing the effective use of existing internal and external factors. The institutional influence of the state in order to improve the economic security of regions and enterprises occurs palliatively when the business of the region is supported in direct – subsidies, and more often indirectly – compliance with the laws and regulations of the Russian Federation and the region, on the principles of institutional and market synergies. Adaptation of enterprises in the region to the market is difficult, when specific socio-organizational, economic, technical and technological, scientific, information activities in their interrelations function in the field of Russian laws. The search for ways to improve the economic security of the Russian Federation, regions and enterprises takes place in the context of global integration through the improvement of the mechanism of state regulation. An important task of the current stage of economic security of the country and regions is the construction of a system of its institutional organization that would be able to balance the levers of government with the opportunities of private enterprises, provide a quality level of providing the business with protection from terrorism, predation, financial risks, legal competition etc.

  7. Influence of artificial lights on the orientation of hatchlings of Eretmochelys imbricata in Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thyara Noely Simões

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Sea turtle hatchlings, in natural abiotic conditions, emerge from their nests at night and go directly to the sea, following the moonlight’s reflection in the ocean. Increased human activities such as tourism and artificial lights on the coasts, however, have interfered with the ability of sea turtle neonates to find their correct destination, negatively affecting their survival rates. Here we endeavored to assess the influence of artificial lights on the hatchlings of the sea turtle Eretmochelys imbricata (Linnaeus, 1766 in the south coast of the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. To that end, 10 experiments were conducted with 15 hatchlings/test subjects. Five experiments took place in artificially illuminated areas and five in non-illuminated areas. Circles with a 2 m radius were drawn on the sand a small 2-3 cm depression was made at the center of each circles. The neonates were then placed in the depressions to simulate their coming from a nest. After the neonates crossed the edge of the circles, their tracks were photographed and drawn on a diagram. To ascertain if the trajectories of the neonates differed between the two groups (hatchlings from illuminated versus non-illuminated nests, the Rayleigh test was used. The significance of those differences was tested using ANOVA. To evaluate similarities and significance of clusters, a Multi-Dimensional Scaling was used. The tracks of 86.67% (N = 65 of the hatchlings from nests at illuminated areas departed from their correct trajectory. The distribution of trajectories was considered random (V = 19.4895, p > 0.05 only for tracks originating from artificially illuminated areas. The movement patterns of hatchlings from illuminated and non-illuminated areas differed significantly (F < 0.0001, p < 0.01. Consistent with this, two distinct groups were identified, one from illuminated and one from non-illuminated areas. Therefore, we conclude that artificial illumination impacts the orientation

  8. Stability of whole brain and regional network topology within and between resting and cognitive states.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justyna K Rzucidlo

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Graph-theory based analyses of resting state functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI data have been used to map the network organization of the brain. While numerous analyses of resting state brain organization exist, many questions remain unexplored. The present study examines the stability of findings based on this approach over repeated resting state and working memory state sessions within the same individuals. This allows assessment of stability of network topology within the same state for both rest and working memory, and between rest and working memory as well. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: fMRI scans were performed on five participants while at rest and while performing the 2-back working memory task five times each, with task state alternating while they were in the scanner. Voxel-based whole brain network analyses were performed on the resulting data along with analyses of functional connectivity in regions associated with resting state and working memory. Network topology was fairly stable across repeated sessions of the same task, but varied significantly between rest and working memory. In the whole brain analysis, local efficiency, Eloc, differed significantly between rest and working memory. Analyses of network statistics for the precuneus and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex revealed significant differences in degree as a function of task state for both regions and in local efficiency for the precuneus. Conversely, no significant differences were observed across repeated sessions of the same state. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: These findings suggest that network topology is fairly stable within individuals across time for the same state, but also fluid between states. Whole brain voxel-based network analyses may prove to be a valuable tool for exploring how functional connectivity changes in response to task demands.

  9. Stability of whole brain and regional network topology within and between resting and cognitive states.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rzucidlo, Justyna K; Roseman, Paige L; Laurienti, Paul J; Dagenbach, Dale

    2013-01-01

    Graph-theory based analyses of resting state functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) data have been used to map the network organization of the brain. While numerous analyses of resting state brain organization exist, many questions remain unexplored. The present study examines the stability of findings based on this approach over repeated resting state and working memory state sessions within the same individuals. This allows assessment of stability of network topology within the same state for both rest and working memory, and between rest and working memory as well. fMRI scans were performed on five participants while at rest and while performing the 2-back working memory task five times each, with task state alternating while they were in the scanner. Voxel-based whole brain network analyses were performed on the resulting data along with analyses of functional connectivity in regions associated with resting state and working memory. Network topology was fairly stable across repeated sessions of the same task, but varied significantly between rest and working memory. In the whole brain analysis, local efficiency, Eloc, differed significantly between rest and working memory. Analyses of network statistics for the precuneus and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex revealed significant differences in degree as a function of task state for both regions and in local efficiency for the precuneus. Conversely, no significant differences were observed across repeated sessions of the same state. These findings suggest that network topology is fairly stable within individuals across time for the same state, but also fluid between states. Whole brain voxel-based network analyses may prove to be a valuable tool for exploring how functional connectivity changes in response to task demands.

  10. 77 FR 12770 - Approval, Disapproval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Nebraska; Regional Haze State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... and related issues. The RPOs first evaluated technical information to better understand how their... referred to as the ``regional haze program''). States are required to ensure reasonable progress toward the... of sources until monitoring, modeling and scientific knowledge about the relationships between...

  11. 75 FR 55274 - Change of Address for Region 5 State and Local Agencies; Technical Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-10

    ... jurisdiction of EPA Region 5 includes the states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio and Wisconsin. Certain EPA air pollution control regulations requiring submittal of notifications, reports and other..., 77 West Jackson Blvd., Chicago, Illinois 60604. The telephone number is (312) 353-3503. Jeremiah Hall...

  12. Economic separatism in the European Union member states as a factor of regional security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A A Shakhina

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the examination of the economic separatism problem in the European Union member states. It considers specific of the regional separatist movements as exemplified by the conflicts in Scotland, Catalonia, Bavaria, Flanders. Various points of view on the relevance of the budgetary separatism for the European integration process are given in the article.

  13. Climate change impacts on terrestrial ecosystems in metropolitan Chicago and its surrounding, multi-state region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jessica J. Hellmann; Knute J. Nadelhoffer; Louis R. Iverson; Lewis H. Ziska; Stephen N. Matthews; Philip Myers; Anantha M. Prasad; Matthew P. Peters

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes the potential impacts of warming temperatures and changing precipitation on plants, wildlife, invasive species, pests, and agricultural ecosystems across the multi-state region centered on Chicago, Illinois. We examine a geographic area that captures much of Lake Michigan, including a complex mosaic of urbanization and agriculture surrounding...

  14. Educação nutricional na escola do primeiro grau: uma proposição para Pernambuco (Brasil Nutritional education in primary schools: a proposal for Pernambuco (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eronides da Silva Lima

    1986-02-01

    as demais presentes nesta área de estudo.This paper proposes a model the teaching of nutrition in primary schools in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. Based on the study of the "Science Curriculum Proposal" as well as on the results of a survey conducted among teachers and 8th year students in the metropolitan area of Recife (the state capital, a program for nutrition teaching has been developed that reflects the topics suggested by the students. The elaboration of such a program included: establishment of goals; selection and organization of content; selection of techniques, resources and instruments of evaluation, taking into account such aspects as logical structure, grading, continuity and integration. Topic selection and organization were based on the following general objectives: a 1st year - the understanding that environment, man and food are interdependent; b 2nd year - the classification of food according to its origin and function and identifying community food resources; c 3rd year - the grouping of food according to the predominance of nutrients and their function in the organism, as well as the identification of local food resources; d 4th year - the identification of forms of food conservation and hygiene and the agricultural and cattle production of the state; e 5th year - the awareness of general norms for industrial and sanitary food inspection; f 6th year - the identification of typical local foods as well as different uses of available food resources and their preparation; g 7th year - the identification of the factors involved in the access to and adaption of diet suited to the community's nutritional needs; h 8th year - the familiarization with the most common nutritional diseases in Pernambuco as well as in Brazil in general, their determinant factors, consequences and preventive measures to be taken. The program proposed can be added to the Health Program, each grade (year corresponding to one of the units of those in this study area.

  15. Analysis of environment state in technogenic region and its threat to public health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grishenko S.V.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the research is to give a complex hygienic evaluation of environment state in Donetsk region and to determine the degree of their potential danger to population health. It includes air pollution, water contamination, state of soil. Nearly 43000 samples of air, 32000 drinking water samples and 4500 soil samples were analyzed. Regions with the highest rate of environmental pollution were defined. It was found that the main sources of environment pollution in Donetsk region are ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy enterprises, power, coal, building industry and transport. All other sources ac¬count for only 5-10% of total emissions. Level of harmful technogenic pressing on population’s health was determined.

  16. Comparative analysis of primary and secondary glomerulopathies in the northeast of Brazil: data from the Pernambuco Registry of Glomerulopathies - REPEG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Maria do Nascimento Costa

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction: In Brazil, glomerulopathies are the third leading cause of chronic renal disease, accounting for 11% of dialysis patients. Studies on the prevalence of this disease in Northeastern Brazil are scarce. Objective: The aim was to describe the findings of biopsies and to conduct a comparative analysis on the clinical laboratory presentation of primary glomerulopathies (PG and secondary glomerulopathies (SG. Methods: This was a retrospective study conducted at two public teaching hospitals in the state of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil. Results: A total of 1151 biopsies performed between 1998 and 2016 were analyzed. The sample consisted of 670 biopsies of native kidneys, after excluding extra glomerular diseases and unsuitable material. PG were more frequent than SG (58% vs. 42%. There was a prevalence among PG of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (43%. Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis and collapsing glomerulopathy, accounted for 9% and 3% of the PG, respectively. For SG, the main etiologies were lupus nephritis (67% and infections (10%. Female sex, hematuria and an elevated level of creatinine were related to a greater chance of SG, at multivariate analysis. An increase of proteinuria reduced this chance. Nephrotic syndrome was more common among the PG, while urinary abnormalities and nephritic syndrome prevailed in patients with SG. Conclusion: This is the first registry of glomerulopathies in Northeastern Brazil. It also presents a comparative analysis of the main clinical laboratory abnormalities of PG and SG, and includes the current classifications of glomerular diseases.

  17. [Team work and interdiciplinarity: challenges facing the implementation of comprehensive outpatient care for people with HIV/Aids in Pernambuco].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borges, Maria Jucineide Lopes; Sampaio, Aletheia Soares; Gurgel, Idê Gomes Dantas

    2012-01-01

    The complexity of providing healthcare to people with HIV/Aids requires investment in comprehensive action and care, constituting a challenge for the multidisciplinary work teams to build an interdisciplinary practice. This study sought to analyze comprehensive healthcare in the Specialized Assistance Services for HIV/Aids (SAE-HIV/Aids) in Recife, in the State of Pernambuco, starting with the process and organization of team work. This is a case study developed in three SAE-HIV/Aids units, based on a qualitative approach using different research techniques. The results show that SAE-HIV/Aids have complied with most of the Brazilian Health Ministry recommendations in terms of basic infrastructure, though none of them had a team of appropriate size. These services have shown signs of fragmentation and difficulty in establishing a systematic intersectorial and interdisciplinary practice, with failings in ensuring the reference and counter-reference flow. It was seen that there was little appreciation of the role of the manager as team leader. The need to perceive the user as a whole was identified, as well as for the team to work in a coordinated manner in order to ensure communicative and relational activities.

  18. Economic growth and inflation rate: implications for municipal revenue and health expenditure of the municipalities of Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feliciano, Marciana; Bezerra, Adriana Falangola Benjamin; Santo, Antônio Carlos Gomes do Espírito

    2017-06-01

    This paper analyzes the implications of municipal budget revenue growth and the monetary policy's inflation rates goals in the availability of public health resources of municipalities. This is a descriptive, exploratory, quantitative, retrospective and longitudinal cross-sectional study covering the period 2002-2011. We analyzed health financing and expenditure variables in the municipalities of the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, describing the trend and the relationship between them. Data showed the growth of the variables and trend towards homogeneity. The exception was for the participation of Intergovernmental Transfers in the Total Health Expenditure of the Municipality. We found a significant correlation between Budget Revenue per capita and Health Expenditure per capita and a strong significant negative correlation between Inflation Rate, Budget Revenue per capita and Health Expenditure per capita. We concluded that increased health expenditure is due more to higher municipal tax revenue than to increased transfers that, in relative terms, did not increase. The strong inverse relationship between inflation rate and the Financing and Expenditure variables show that the monetary policy's inflation goals have restricted health financing to municipalities.

  19. Two common species dominate the species-rich Euglossine bee fauna of an Atlantic Rainforest remnant in Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Oliveira

    Full Text Available Abstract Nowadays, the northern part of the Atlantic Rainforest of Brazil is largely destroyed and forest remnants rarely exceed 100 ha. In a 118 ha forest fragment within a state nature reserve of Pernambuco (Reserva Ecológica Gurjaú, we surveyed the orchid bee fauna (Apidae, Euglossini using eight different scent baits to attract males. Once a month during one year, the bees were actively collected with entomological nets, from November 2002 to October 2003 by two collectors. We collected 2,908 orchid bee males belonging to 23 species, one of the highest richness values of the Northern Atlantic Rainforest. Bees of only two species, Euglossa carolina (50% and Eulaema nigrita (25%, which occurred throughout the year, accounted for three quarter of the collected individuals. Both species are typical for open or disturbed areas. Rainforest remnants like those of Gurjaú within the predominant sugar cane monocultures in the coastal plains of the northern Atlantic Rainforest play an important role in orchid bee conservation and maintenance of biodiversity.

  20. Comparative toxicity of essential oil and blends of selected terpenes of Ocotea species from Pernambuco, Brazil, against Tetranychus urticae Koch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moraes, Marcilio M DE; Camara, Claudio A G DA; Silva, Milena M C DA

    2017-01-01

    Essential oils from the leaves of two species of the genus Ocotea that occur in the Atlantic Forest in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The acaricidal activity of these oils as well as 11 selected components and blends were evaluated in fumigation and residual contact tests against the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae). Sixty-seven constituents were identified, totaling 97.3 ± 0.3% and 97.8 ± 0.5% of the oils from O. duckei and O. glomerata, respectively. Sesquiterpene was the dominant class. The compounds β-caryophyllene (18.6 ± 0.1%) and aromadendrene (17.3 ± 0.6%) were the main constituents of the oils from O. duckei and O. glomerata, respectively. Acaricidal action varied depending on the method employed, species and chemical nature of the selected constituents. The mites were susceptible to the oils and chemical constituents using the fumigation method. The O. duckei oil was respectively 2.5-fold and 1.5-fold more toxic than the O. glomerata oil using the fumigation and residual contact methods. Among the selected constituents, β-caryophyllene was the most toxic, independently of the method employed. The individual toxicity of the selected compounds and their blends as well as the role of these constituents in the overall toxicity of the essential oils are also discussed.

  1. Node Identification Using Inter-Regional Correlation Analysis for Mapping Detailed Connections in Resting State Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong Jeong

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Brain function is often characterized by the connections and interactions between highly interconnected brain regions. Pathological disruptions in these networks often result in brain dysfunction, which manifests as brain disease. Typical analysis investigates disruptions in network connectivity based correlations between large brain regions. To obtain a more detailed description of disruptions in network connectivity, we propose a new method where functional nodes are identified in each region based on their maximum connectivity to another brain region in a given network. Since this method provides a unique approach to identifying functionally relevant nodes in a given network, we can provide a more detailed map of brain connectivity and determine new measures of network connectivity. We applied this method to resting state fMRI of Alzheimer's disease patients to validate our method and found decreased connectivity within the default mode network. In addition, new measure of network connectivity revealed a more detailed description of how the network connections deteriorate with disease progression. This suggests that analysis using key relative network hub regions based on regional correlation can be used to detect detailed changes in resting state network connectivity.

  2. 40 CFR 109.5 - Development and implementation criteria for State, local and regional oil removal contingency plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... OIL REMOVAL CONTINGENCY PLANS § 109.5 Development and implementation criteria for State, local and regional oil removal contingency plans. Criteria for the development and implementation of State, local and... criteria for State, local and regional oil removal contingency plans. 109.5 Section 109.5 Protection of...

  3. Regional Variation in Human Exposure to Persistent Organic Pollutants in the United States, NHANES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wendy A. Wattigney

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We examined serum levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs among geographical regions of the United States as defined by the US Census Bureau. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES data for adults aged 20 years and older are presented for selected survey periods between 1999 and 2010. From NHANES 1999 through 2004, dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE concentration levels were consistently higher among people living in the West than in the Midwest, Northeast, or South. In 2003–2010, perfluorinated compound concentrations tended to be highest in the South. The sum of 35 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs congeners was significantly higher in the Northeast [GM: 189; 95% CI: 173–204 ng/g lipid] than the remaining regions. The regional differences in higher body burdens of exposure to particular POPs could be attributed to a variety of activities, including region-specific patterns of land use and industrial and agricultural chemical applications, as well as different levels of regulatory activity.

  4. The Current State and Trends of Development of Stores in Kyiv Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beglarashvili Oksana P.

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The current state and trends of development of stores in Kyiv region for 2010-2016 are analyzed. The research reflects regional aspects of the basic indicators of development of the stores — there analyzed the dynamics of retail turnover, consumer price indices, retail turnover of retail trade enterprises, commodity stocks in the enterprises’ retail network, basic indicators of stores of enterprises-legal entities, namely the number of stores; sales area; provision of the population with sales area; sales area per store, etc. Carrying out the research of development trends of the retail trade network in Kiev region, the indicators characterizing the network of stores of enterprises-legal entities trading in food and non-food goods of are analyzed. There proposed measures to level the disproportions in the development of the retail trade network in urban and rural area of Kyiv region.

  5. State of the Efficiency of Land in the “Lower Danube” Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitrii Parmacli

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on the essence of land capacity and methods of calculating it in agriculture. It states that alongside the traditional indicators efficiency of productive land use it is reasonable to use the figure indicating the land capacity realization level. The article provides analysis of land use efficiency in producing the leading crops in Ismail, Kiliya and Reni regions of the Odessa Province as well as the Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauzia, Cahul, Cantemir and Taraclia regions of the Republic of Moldova for years 2012 to 2014. It also presents the yield dynamics of cereal crops, sunflower and grapes in the above-mentioned regions as well as the indicators of their resistance in the period of 2001-2014. Furthermore, the figures of potential yield for each region are substantiated.

  6. Shape coexistence and shell-model intruder states in the lead region studied by $\\alpha$ -decay

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    % IS336 \\\\ \\\\ Low-lying 0$^+$ states in even-even nuclei near closed shells can be a manifestation of the coexistence of different shapes in the same nucleus. Deformed bandstructures built upon these 0$^+$ states, coexisting at low energy with the ground state band, have been observed in several regions of the nuclear chart, including the Z=82 region. Such structures have been found in the neutron-deficient even Pb nuclei and the mixing between intruder and normal states has been studied by the $\\alpha$- decay of $^{194, 196, 198}$Po towards the 0$^+$ excited and ground states in $^{190, 192, 194}$Pb using $\\alpha$-e-t coincidence events. It is expected that shape coexistence will occur in the light Po isotopes as well. Evidence for a deformed band at low excitation energy in $^{196, 198}$Po has been found in in-beam studies and the $\\alpha$-decay of $^{202}$Rn studied at ISOLDE revealed feeding to a 0$^+$~state at 816~keV in $^{198}$Po. \\\\ \\\\It is our intention to investigate the $^{194, 196}$Po nuclei with ...

  7. Regional Variability and Uncertainty of Electric Vehicle Life Cycle CO₂ Emissions across the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamayao, Mili-Ann M; Michalek, Jeremy J; Hendrickson, Chris; Azevedo, Inês M L

    2015-07-21

    We characterize regionally specific life cycle CO2 emissions per mile traveled for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and battery electric vehicles (BEVs) across the United States under alternative assumptions for regional electricity emission factors, regional boundaries, and charging schemes. We find that estimates based on marginal vs average grid emission factors differ by as much as 50% (using National Electricity Reliability Commission (NERC) regional boundaries). Use of state boundaries versus NERC region boundaries results in estimates that differ by as much as 120% for the same location (using average emission factors). We argue that consumption-based marginal emission factors are conceptually appropriate for evaluating the emissions implications of policies that increase electric vehicle sales or use in a region. We also examine generation-based marginal emission factors to assess robustness. Using these two estimates of NERC region marginal emission factors, we find the following: (1) delayed charging (i.e., starting at midnight) leads to higher emissions in most cases due largely to increased coal in the marginal generation mix at night; (2) the Chevrolet Volt has higher expected life cycle emissions than the Toyota Prius hybrid electric vehicle (the most efficient U.S. gasoline vehicle) across the U.S. in nearly all scenarios; (3) the Nissan Leaf BEV has lower life cycle emissions than the Prius in the western U.S. and in Texas, but the Prius has lower emissions in the northern Midwest regardless of assumed charging scheme and marginal emissions estimation method; (4) in other regions the lowest emitting vehicle depends on charge timing and emission factor estimation assumptions.

  8. Labor structural changes in the regional economy of the Southwestern region of the Parana State in Brazil in beginning of 21st century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jandir Ferrera de Lima

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to analyze the structural changes in the economy of Southwest Region of Parana State in Brazil. To measure changes in production structure, with respect to the occupation of labor was used indicators of regional analysis. This is a Parana Southwest Region of recent settlement, whose agricultural frontier has run out in the 1970s. It is also considered one of the poorest regions of Parana State and suffered the impact of agriculture modernization, but still retains strong duality in rural development. There are in the Southwest of Parana State two cities more developed than the other: Francisco Beltrao and Pato Branco, but this development is not as expressive as in the cities of the Western Region of Parana State, which has in Toledo, Cascavel and Foz do Iguacu cities, a development much more than the other municipalities.

  9. Wind Powering America's Regional Stakeholder Meetings and Priority State Reports: FY11 Summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baring-Gould, Ian [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2013-06-01

    Beginning in 2010, DOE conducted an assessment of Wind Powering America (WPA) activities to determine whether the methods the department had used to help grow the wind industry to provide 2% of the nation's electrical energy should be the same methods used to achieve 20% of the nation's energy from wind (as described in the report 20% Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution toU.S. Electricity Supply). After the assessment, it was determined that the initiative's state-based activities should be phased out as part of a shift to regional-based approaches. To assist with this transition, WPA hosted a series of 1-day regional meetings at six strategic locations around the country and a single teleconference for island states, U.S. territories, and remote communities.This report summarizes the results of the inaugural regional meetings and the state reports with a focus on ongoing wind deployment barriers in each region.

  10. Wind Powering America's Regional Stakeholder Meetings and Priority State Reports: FY11 Summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2013-06-01

    Beginning in 2010, DOE conducted an assessment of Wind Powering America (WPA) activities to determine whether the methods the department had used to help grow the wind industry to provide 2% of the nation's electrical energy should be the same methods used to achieve 20% of the nation's energy from wind (as described in the report 20% Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution to U.S. Electricity Supply). After the assessment, it was determined that the initiative's state-based activities should be phased out as part of a shift to regional-based approaches. To assist with this transition, WPA hosted a series of 1-day regional meetings at six strategic locations around the country and a single teleconference for island states, U.S. territories, and remote communities. This report summarizes the results of the inaugural regional meetings and the state reports with a focus on ongoing wind deployment barriers in each region.

  11. A contemporary carbon balance for the Northeast region of the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Xiaoliang; Kicklighter, David W; Melillo, Jerry M; Yang, Ping; Rosenzweig, Bernice; Vörösmarty, Charles J; Gross, Barry; Stewart, Robert J

    2013-01-01

    Development of regional policies to reduce net emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) would benefit from the quantification of the major components of the region's carbon balance--fossil fuel CO2 emissions and net fluxes between land ecosystems and the atmosphere. Through spatially detailed inventories of fossil fuel CO2 emissions and a terrestrial biogeochemistry model, we produce the first estimate of regional carbon balance for the Northeast United States between 2001 and 2005. Our analysis reveals that the region was a net carbon source of 259 Tg C/yr over this period. Carbon sequestration by land ecosystems across the region, mainly forests, compensated for about 6% of the region's fossil fuel emissions. Actions that reduce fossil fuel CO2 emissions are key to improving the region's carbon balance. Careful management of forested lands will be required to protect their role as a net carbon sink and a provider of important ecosystem services such as water purification, erosion control, wildlife habitat and diversity, and scenic landscapes.

  12. 20 CFR 661.290 - Under what circumstances may States require Local Boards to take part in regional planning...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Local Boards to take part in regional planning activities? 661.290 Section 661.290 Employees' Benefits... what circumstances may States require Local Boards to take part in regional planning activities? (a...) Participate in a regional planning process that results in regional performance measures for workforce...

  13. STATE POLICY OF TERRITORIAL PLANNING OF AGRICULTURALBUILDING CLUSTERS ORGANIZATION: PRYDNIPROVSKYI REGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    YEVSEІEVA G. P.

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Summary. Cluster development, as a factor of the national and regional competitiveness increasing, is a characteristic feature of the modern innovation economy. Clusters have become an effective tool for the development of individual territories and regions, which has contributed to the nationwide competitiveness increasing of many countries in the world. Today, Ukraine faces the problem of choosing an effective way of future development in accordance with European and world standards. The idea or the citizens life quality and the innovative development of the leading sectors of the Ukrainian economy should become a national idea, a priority direction of the state development. Therefore, at the national level, clusters should be considered as a promising form of organization for cooperation and development at the regional and national levels. The purpose of the article is to substantiate the measures of state support regarding the clusters formation of agrarian and construction typology as a means of activating investment activities in the region, in particular Pridneprovskyi region, and determining the main directions and approaches for their organization.

  14. Produção e exportação de álcool combustível nos estados de Pernambuco, Alagoas e São Paulo e as perspectivas de mercado para Pernambuco

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto Azevedo do Amaral, Sávio

    2007-01-01

    Este trabalho apresenta uma análise da produção e exportação de álcool combustível pelos estados de Pernambuco, Alagoas e São Paulo nos últimos dez anos, buscando identificar vulnerabilidades e possíveis oportunidades relativas à participação no mercado internacional. Nesse sentido, são consideradas perspectivas para o crescimento do Estado de Pernambuco em termos da produção e exportação de álcool combustível. Para a análise, foram levantados dados de diferentes documentos pro...

  15. Composição química e degradabilidade in situ da ração em ovinos em área de caatinga no sertão de Pernambuco Chemical composition and in situ digestibility of diets for sheep in the caatinga region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladston Rafael de Arruda Santos

    2009-02-01

    was conducted with the objective of evaluating the effect of the type of fistula and time of collection on the chemical composition and in situ digestibility of dry matter, neutral detergent fiber and crude protein in the caatinga region. The experiment was conducted between September 2004 and July 2005. Ten Santa Inês castrated sheep, five with permanent ruminal cannula and five with esophageal cannula, were used. Samples were collected from both cannulas at 7:00 am and 2:00 pm. Sheep had free access to water and mineral mix. The percentage of DM, MM, CP, EE, NDF, ADF, NDIP, ADIP, CHOT, NFC, FT, TT and TC ranged from 11.99 to 25.28%; 10.92 to 14.44; 10.64 to 17.19%; 2.95 to 4.77; 54.83 to 63.14%; 39.40 to 46.62%; 49.74 to 57.95; 28.52 to 39.15; 65.40 to 72.73; 5.47 to 12.86%; 0.37 to 0.52%; 0.16 to 0.28%; and from 1.28 to 6.24%, respectively. Potential degradability (%, fraction B (%, fraction C (%/h, fraction A (%, effective degradability and passage rate of 2 and 5%/h ranged from 48.25 to 64.63; 35.77 to 47.78; 4.60 to 13.40; 9.74 to 18.13; 43.28 to 55.71 and 37.60 to 47.27 for dry matter; from 36.43 to 54.34; 33.28 to 50.38; 3.84 to 8.42; 2.16 to 4.41; 29.21 to 36.54; 23.02 to 33.33 for neutral detergent fiber and from 62.13 to 77.24; 35.44 to 56.09; 5.37 to 14.36; 20.21 to 31.49; 55.84 to 67.49; 45.74 to 59.99 for protein, respectively. The chemical composition and in situ digestibilility of diets for sheep in caatinga is influenced by the month of evaluation. The diet for sheep in the caatinga region presented low in situ digestibility of dry matter, neutral detergent fiber and crude protein. Ruminal cannula instead of esophageal cannula can be used to characterize the chemical composition and degradability of diet consumed by small ruminants.

  16. Alterations in regional homogeneity of resting-state brain activity in internet gaming addicts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dong Guangheng

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Backgrounds Internet gaming addiction (IGA, as a subtype of internet addiction disorder, is rapidly becoming a prevalent mental health concern around the world. The neurobiological underpinnings of IGA should be studied to unravel the potential heterogeneity of IGA. This study investigated the brain functions in IGA patients with resting-state fMRI. Methods Fifteen IGA subjects and fourteen healthy controls participated in this study. Regional homogeneity (ReHo measures were used to detect the abnormal functional integrations. Results Comparing to the healthy controls, IGA subjects show enhanced ReHo in brainstem, inferior parietal lobule, left posterior cerebellum, and left middle frontal gyrus. All of these regions are thought related with sensory-motor coordination. In addition, IGA subjects show decreased ReHo in temporal, occipital and parietal brain regions. These regions are thought responsible for visual and auditory functions. Conclusions Our results suggest that long-time online game playing enhanced the brain synchronization in sensory-motor coordination related brain regions and decreased the excitability in visual and auditory related brain regions.

  17. Empirical models of transitions between coral reef states: effects of region, protection, and environmental change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowe, Phillip K; Bruno, John F; Selig, Elizabeth R; Spencer, Matthew

    2011-01-01

    There has been substantial recent change in coral reef communities. To date, most analyses have focussed on static patterns or changes in single variables such as coral cover. However, little is known about how community-level changes occur at large spatial scales. Here, we develop Markov models of annual changes in coral and macroalgal cover in the Caribbean and Great Barrier Reef (GBR) regions. We analyzed reef surveys from the Caribbean and GBR (1996-2006). We defined a set of reef states distinguished by coral and macroalgal cover, and obtained Bayesian estimates of the annual probabilities of transitions between these states. The Caribbean and GBR had different transition probabilities, and therefore different rates of change in reef condition. This could be due to differences in species composition, management or the nature and extent of disturbances between these regions. We then estimated equilibrium probability distributions for reef states, and coral and macroalgal cover under constant environmental conditions. In both regions, the current distributions are close to equilibrium. In the Caribbean, coral cover is much lower and macroalgal cover is higher at equilibrium than in the GBR. We found no evidence for differences in transition probabilities between the first and second halves of our survey period, or between Caribbean reefs inside and outside marine protected areas. However, our power to detect such differences may have been low. We also examined the effects of altering transition probabilities on the community state equilibrium, along a continuum from unfavourable (e.g., increased sea surface temperature) to favourable (e.g., improved management) conditions. Both regions showed similar qualitative responses, but different patterns of uncertainty. In the Caribbean, uncertainty was greatest about effects of favourable changes, while in the GBR, we are most uncertain about effects of unfavourable changes. Our approach could be extended to provide

  18. Empirical models of transitions between coral reef states: effects of region, protection, and environmental change.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phillip K Lowe

    Full Text Available There has been substantial recent change in coral reef communities. To date, most analyses have focussed on static patterns or changes in single variables such as coral cover. However, little is known about how community-level changes occur at large spatial scales. Here, we develop Markov models of annual changes in coral and macroalgal cover in the Caribbean and Great Barrier Reef (GBR regions. We analyzed reef surveys from the Caribbean and GBR (1996-2006. We defined a set of reef states distinguished by coral and macroalgal cover, and obtained Bayesian estimates of the annual probabilities of transitions between these states. The Caribbean and GBR had different transition probabilities, and therefore different rates of change in reef condition. This could be due to differences in species composition, management or the nature and extent of disturbances between these regions. We then estimated equilibrium probability distributions for reef states, and coral and macroalgal cover under constant environmental conditions. In both regions, the current distributions are close to equilibrium. In the Caribbean, coral cover is much lower and macroalgal cover is higher at equilibrium than in the GBR. We found no evidence for differences in transition probabilities between the first and second halves of our survey period, or between Caribbean reefs inside and outside marine protected areas. However, our power to detect such differences may have been low. We also examined the effects of altering transition probabilities on the community state equilibrium, along a continuum from unfavourable (e.g., increased sea surface temperature to favourable (e.g., improved management conditions. Both regions showed similar qualitative responses, but different patterns of uncertainty. In the Caribbean, uncertainty was greatest about effects of favourable changes, while in the GBR, we are most uncertain about effects of unfavourable changes. Our approach could be

  19. Regional stratigraphy and subsurface geology of Cenozoic deposits, Gulf Coastal Plain, south-central United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosman, R.L.

    1991-01-01

    The Gulf Coast Regional Aquifer-System Analysis includes all major aquifer systems in Cenozoic deposits in the Gulf Coastal Plain in the States of Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Tennessee, Texas, and small areas in Alabama and Florida (western panhandle area), an area of about 290,000 square miles. The Gulf Coast geosyncline and the Mississippi embayment were the major depocenters for the Tertiary and Quaternary deposits that form the framework for the aquifer systems.

  20. Moving Beyond Paralysis: How States and Regions Are Creating Innovative Transmission Projects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schumacher, A. [Schumacher & Associates, Arlington, VA (United States); Fink, S. [ExeterAssociates, Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Porter, K. [ExeterAssociates, Inc., Columbia, MD (United States)

    2009-10-01

    This report profiles certain state and regional transmission policy initiatives aimed at promoting transmission development, mainly to access renewable resources – including renewable energy zones, location-constrained tariffs, open seasons, and balanced portfolio plans. In particular, this article focuses on transmission initiatives intended to plan and build transmission in advance of new generation, instead of waiting for enough planned new generation to justify the development of a new transmission line of sufficient capability.

  1. State Policies and Procedures on Response to Intervention in the Midwest Region. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 116

    Science.gov (United States)

    Detgen, Amy; Yamashita, Mika; Davis, Brittany; and Wraight, Sara

    2011-01-01

    Based on a review of state documents and interviews with state and local officials in six Midwest Region states, this qualitative study describes state education agency policy development and planning for response to intervention approaches to instruction. It also looks at the support provided to districts and schools implementing response to…

  2. State Policies and Procedures on Response to Intervention in the Midwest Region. Summary. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 116

    Science.gov (United States)

    Detgen, Amy; Yamashita, Mika; Davis, Brittany; and Wraight, Sara

    2011-01-01

    Based on a review of state documents and interviews with state and local officials in six Midwest Region states, this qualitative study describes state education agency policy development and planning for response to intervention approaches to instruction. It also looks at the support provided to districts and schools implementing response to …

  3. Regional study on investment for transmission infrastructure in China based on the State Grid data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Wendong; Wu, Xudong; Wu, Xiaofang; Xi, Qiangmin; Ji, Xi; Li, Guoping

    2017-03-01

    Transmission infrastructure is an integral component of safeguarding the stability of electricity delivery. However, existing studies of transmission infrastructure mostly rely on a simple review of the network, while the analysis of investments remains rudimentary. This study conducted the first regionally focused analysis of investments in transmission infrastructure in China to help optimize its structure and reduce investment costs. Using State Grid data, the investment costs, under various voltages, for transmission lines and transformer substations are calculated. By analyzing the regional profile of cumulative investment in transmission infrastructure, we assess correlations between investment, population, and economic development across the regions. The recent development of ultra-high-voltage transmission networks will provide policy-makers new options for policy development.

  4. Characterization of seven United States coal regions. The development of optimal terrace pit coal mining systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wimer, R.L.; Adams, M.A.; Jurich, D.M.

    1981-02-01

    This report characterizes seven United State coal regions in the Northern Great Plains, Rocky Mountain, Interior, and Gulf Coast coal provinces. Descriptions include those of the Fort Union, Powder River, Green River, Four Corners, Lower Missouri, Illinois Basin, and Texas Gulf coal resource regions. The resource characterizations describe geologic, geographic, hydrologic, environmental and climatological conditions of each region, coal ranks and qualities, extent of reserves, reclamation requirements, and current mining activities. The report was compiled as a basis for the development of hypothetical coal mining situations for comparison of conventional and terrace pit surface mining methods, under contract to the Department of Energy, Contract No. DE-AC01-79ET10023, entitled The Development of Optimal Terrace Pit Coal Mining Systems.

  5. Altered regional and circuit resting-state activity associated with unilateral hearing loss.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xingchao Wang

    Full Text Available The deprivation of sensory input after hearing damage results in functional reorganization of the brain including cross-modal plasticity in the sensory cortex and changes in cognitive processing. However, it remains unclear whether partial deprivation from unilateral auditory loss (UHL would similarly affect the neural circuitry of cognitive processes in addition to the functional organization of sensory cortex. Here, we used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate intrinsic activity in 34 participants with UHL from acoustic neuroma in comparison with 22 matched normal controls. In sensory regions, we found decreased regional homogeneity (ReHo in the bilateral calcarine cortices in UHL. However, there was an increase of ReHo in the right anterior insular cortex (rAI, the key node of cognitive control network (CCN and multimodal sensory integration, as well as in the left parahippocampal cortex (lPHC, a key node in the default mode network (DMN. Moreover, seed-based resting-state functional connectivity analysis showed an enhanced relationship between rAI and several key regions of the DMN. Meanwhile, lPHC showed more negative relationship with components in the CCN and greater positive relationship in the DMN. Such reorganizations of functional connectivity within the DMN and between the DMN and CCN were confirmed by a graph theory analysis. These results suggest that unilateral sensory input damage not only alters the activity of the sensory areas but also reshapes the regional and circuit functional organization of the cognitive control network.

  6. Regional and temporal variations of Leptospira seropositivity in dogs in the United States, 2000-2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, H S; Levine, M; Guptill-Yoran, C; Johnson, A J; von Kamecke, P; Moore, G E

    2014-01-01

    Previous studies have reported a seasonal increased risk for leptospirosis, but there is no consistent seasonality reported across regions in the United States. To evaluate and compare seasonal patterns in seropositivity for leptospirosis in dogs for 4 US regions (northeast [NE], midwest [MW], south-central [SC], and California-southern west coast [CS]). Forty four thousand nine hundred and sixteen canine serum samples submitted to a commercial laboratory for microscopic agglutination tests (MAT) from 2000 through 2010. In this retrospective study, positive cases were defined as MAT titers ≥1 : 3,200 for at least one of 7 tested serovars. Four geographic regions were defined, and MAT results were included in regional analyses based on hospital zipcode. A seasonal-trend decomposition method for times series was utilized for the analysis. Monthly variation in the seropositive rate was evaluated using a seasonal cycle subseries plot and logistic regression. Two thousand and twelve of 44,916 (4.48%) samples were seropositive. Compared to seropositive rates for February, significantly higher monthly rates occurred during the 2nd half of the year in the MW (OR 3.92-6.35) and NE (OR 2.03-4.80) regions, and only in January (OR 2.34) and December (OR 1.74) in the SC region. Monthly seropositive rates indicative of seasonality were observed earlier in the calendar year for both CS and SC regions. Seasonal patterns for seropositivity to leptospires differed by geographic region. Although risk of infection in dogs can occur year round, knowledge of seasonal trends can assist veterinarians in formulating differential diagnoses and evaluation of exposure risk. Copyright © 2014 by the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine.

  7. Review: Regional groundwater flow modeling in heavily irrigated basins of selected states in the western United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossman, Nathan R.; Zlotnik, Vitaly A.

    2013-09-01

    Water resources in agriculture-dominated basins of the arid western United States are stressed due to long-term impacts from pumping. A review of 88 regional groundwater-flow modeling applications from seven intensively irrigated western states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska and Texas) was conducted to provide hydrogeologists, modelers, water managers, and decision makers insight about past modeling studies that will aid future model development. Groundwater models were classified into three types: resource evaluation models (39 %), which quantify water budgets and act as preliminary models intended to be updated later, or constitute re-calibrations of older models; management/planning models (55 %), used to explore and identify management plans based on the response of the groundwater system to water-development or climate scenarios, sometimes under water-use constraints; and water rights models (7 %), used to make water administration decisions based on model output and to quantify water shortages incurred by water users or climate changes. Results for 27 model characteristics are summarized by state and model type, and important comparisons and contrasts are highlighted. Consideration of modeling uncertainty and the management focus toward sustainability, adaptive management and resilience are discussed, and future modeling recommendations, in light of the reviewed models and other published works, are presented.

  8. Regional impacts of oil and gas development on ozone formation in the western United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, Marco A; Barna, Michael G; Moore, Tom

    2009-09-01

    The Intermountain West is currently experiencing increased growth in oil and gas production, which has the potential to affect the visibility and air quality of various Class I areas in the region. The following work presents an analysis of these impacts using the Comprehensive Air Quality Model with extensions (CAMx). CAMx is a state-of-the-science, "one-atmosphere" Eulerian photochemical dispersion model that has been widely used in the assessment of gaseous and particulate air pollution (ozone, fine [PM2.5], and coarse [PM10] particulate matter). Meteorology and emissions inventories developed by the Western Regional Air Partnership Regional Modeling Center for regional haze analysis and planning are used to establish an ozone baseline simulation for the year 2002. The predicted range of values for ozone in the national parks and other Class I areas in the western United States is then evaluated with available observations from the Clean Air Status and Trends Network (CASTNET). This evaluation demonstrates the model's suitability for subsequent planning, sensitivity, and emissions control strategy modeling. Once the ozone baseline simulation has been established, an analysis of the model results is performed to investigate the regional impacts of oil and gas development on the ozone concentrations that affect the air quality of Class I areas. Results indicate that the maximum 8-hr ozone enhancement from oil and gas (9.6 parts per billion [ppb]) could affect southwestern Colorado and northwestern New Mexico. Class I areas in this region that are likely to be impacted by increased ozone include Mesa Verde National Park and Weminuche Wilderness Area in Colorado and San Pedro Parks Wilderness Area, Bandelier Wilderness Area, Pecos Wilderness Area, and Wheeler Peak Wilderness Area in New Mexico.

  9. The regulatory role of the state strategic management in the development of the regional entrepreneurial sphere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yukhneva Nina

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The system of state strategic management (SGSO today is an Outpost of the state, exercising the functions of strategic management, development and predicates, and conducting an evaluation of the effectiveness and quality of the planned trajectories of economic development of the regions, regions and the state as a whole. It SGSW today is designed to ensure that the nationally oriented domestic policies that contribute to progressive and bold actions of the Russian Federation on the world stage. SHSU today is to create conditions for the development of science, research training, new knowledge-based economy. SHSU should form a system of state orders, which is of fundamental importance for the development of strategic projects in the field of medicine and health, agriculture, defense industry, etc. And, most importantly, SHSU needs today and support the process of re-industrialization of the country, technical re-equipment of all areas of production and management. In the new knowledge economy SHSU performs the role of the intellectual and information center regulation and strategic planning of development of the entire socio-economic sphere of the society centre to ensure the development of a database of fundamental and applied research, development, centre, guaranteeing the protection of copyright and introduction of innovative products, including new technical and technological solutions.

  10. Temporada e turno de vocalização de Leptodactylus natalensis Lutz, 1930 (Amphibia, Anura na mata atlântica de Pernambuco, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Oliveira de Amorim

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A atividade de vocalização de uma população de Leptodactylus natalensis foi monitorada em uma poça temporária entre novembro/2002 e outubro/2004. A poça está situada em um fragmento de Mata Atlântica conhecido como Refúgio Ecológico Charles Darwin, município de Igarassu, Estado de Pernambuco. Os animais apresentaram-se ativos na maioria dos meses, apresentando picos na estação seca. A atividade de vocalização foi registrada durante o dia e a noite. Houve influência negativa e significativa entre a atividade vocal e a temperatura. O número de indivíduos vocalizando não foi significantemente afetado pela precipitação pluviométrica, mas o foi pelo número de fêmeas no ambiente. Verificou-se uma grande plasticidade na atividade de vocalização de L. natalensis durante a temporada e turno.Vocalizations of a population of Leptodactylus natalensis were monitored in a temporary pond from November 2002 to October 2004. This pond is located in a fragment of Atlantic rainforest belonging to the private Ecologic Refuge Charles Darwin, in the city of Igarassu, state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Individuals were active during most of the studied months, with peaks of activity during dry season. Vocal activity was recorded both in day and nighttime. There was a significant negative effect of temperature on vocal activity. The number of individuals vocalizing was not affected significantly by rainfall, but it was by the number of females on the environment. A great plasticity of vocal activities of L. natalensis was verified, both in season and turn.

  11. A História da enfermagem em Pernambuco: um olhar da ABEn (1968-1972

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatima Maria da Silva Abrão

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é uma tentativa de contribuir com a história da enfermagem ao levantar questões relevantes, marcos e influências que através da Associação Brasileira de Enfermagem foram vislumbrados na época. Através de depoimento oral e análise de documentos pudemos destacar ampla atuação da associação relacionadas à questões trabalhistas, normatização do exercício profissional, formação profissional, atividades sócio-culturais e educativas da enfermagem em Pernambuco.

  12. Entre sujeitos e jogos políticos no contexto do movimento LGBT de Pernambuco, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Medrado,Benedito

    2017-01-01

    Este artigo apresenta resultados de pesquisa cujo objetivo foi analisar os usos e efeitos das identidades sexuais no contexto do Fórum de Lésbicas Gays, Travestis e Transexuais de Pernambuco (LBGT/PE), nordeste do Brasil. Para tanto, definimos como objetivos específicos: 1) identificar nomeações utilizadas pelos sujeitos que compõem o coletivo em questão; 2) identificar sentidos produzidos acerca das identidades sexuais nesses mesmos encontros; e 3) analisar campos de tensão e usos estratégic...

  13. Entre sujeitos e jogos políticos no contexto do movimento LGBT de Pernambuco, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Medrado,Benedito; Carneiro, Aida

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents research results with the objective of analyse uses and effects of sexual identities in the context of the Fórum de Lésbicas Gays, Travestis e Transexuais de Pernambuco (LBGT/PE), northeast of Brazil. To this end, it is defined as specific objectives: 1) to identify the designations used by the subjects that compose this collective; 2) to identify meanings produced on the sexual identities in their encounters; and 3) to analyse tension fields and strategic uses of identity...

  14. Poder e maturidade organizacional: um estudo em ONGS no estado de Pernambuco

    OpenAIRE

    SOUZA, Flávia Andreza de

    2011-01-01

    A presente dissertação é um estudo investigativo sobre Maturidade, Poder e Desempenho Organizacional no contexto das Organizações Não Governamentais de Pernambuco e teve como objetivo verificar empiricamente a hipótese de que, nesse cenário, uma maior Maturidade Organizacional favorece a predominância do Poder baseado em Expertise e Referência (mais do que em Coerção, Recompensa e Legitimidade), o que, por sua vez, tenderia a causar impactos no Desempenho da organização. Os referenciais cient...

  15. O poder simbólico e o ethos do jornalismo policial da Folha de Pernambuco

    OpenAIRE

    de Araújo Leite, Giovanna

    2005-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho é compreender a cobertura policial da Folha de Pernambuco comparando as notícias do Caso Serrambi, crime praticado contra duas adolescentes de classe média, com outras notícias policiais envolvendo pessoas de classes populares publicadas no mesmo período. Mais precisamente, este estudo se propõe a investigar se existe diferença no tratamento dado a notícias policiais que envolvem vítimas de classes sociais distintas. Para tanto, foram utilizadas mat...

  16. Spatial patterns of soil moisture from two regional monitoring networks in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Tiejun; Liu, Qin; Franz, Trenton E.; Li, Ruopu; Lang, Yunchao; Fiebrich, Christopher A.

    2017-09-01

    Understanding soil moisture spatial variability (SMSV) at regional scales is of great value for various purposes; however, relevant studies are still limited and have yielded inconsistent findings about the primary controls on regional SMSV. To further address this issue, long-term soil moisture data were retrieved from two large scale monitoring networks located in the continental United States, including the Michigan Automated Weather Network and the Oklahoma Mesonet. To evaluate different controls on SMSV, supporting datasets, which contained data on climate, soil, topography, and vegetation, were also compiled from various sources. Based on temporal stability analysis, the results showed that the mean relative difference (MRD) of soil moisture was more correlated with soil texture (e.g., negative correlations between MRD and sand fraction, and positive ones between MRD and silt and clay fractions) than with meteorological forcings in both regions, which differed from the traditional notion that meteorological forcings were the dominant controls on regional SMSV. Moreover, the results revealed that contrary to the previous conjecture, the use of soil moisture temporal anomaly did not reduce the impacts of static properties (e.g., soil properties) on soil moisture temporal dynamics. Instead, it was found that the magnitude of soil moisture temporal anomaly was mainly negatively correlated with sand fraction and positively with silt and clay fractions in both regions. Finally, the relationship between the spatial average and standard deviation of soil moisture as well as soil moisture temporal anomaly was investigated using the data from both networks. The field data showed that the relationship for both soil moisture and soil moisture temporal anomaly was more affected by soil texture than by climatic conditions (e.g., precipitation). The results of this study provided strong field evidence that local factors (e.g., soil properties) might outweigh regional

  17. Guidelines for evaluating the effectiveness of the state support of small business (as an example Shakhty Rostov region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhukova Irina Anatolyevna

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a methodological approach to evaluating the effectiveness of state support for small businesses. We consider a system of indicators used to assess small business at the regional level. Assessed the effectiveness of state support in Shakhty Rostov region.

  18. Not in one metric: Neuroticism modulates different resting state metrics within distinctive brain regions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gentili, Claudio; Cristea, Ioana Alina; Ricciardi, Emiliano; Vanello, Nicola; Popita, Cristian; David, Daniel; Pietrini, Pietro

    2017-06-01

    Neuroticism is a complex personality trait encompassing diverse aspects. Notably, high levels of neuroticism are related to the onset of psychiatric conditions, including anxiety and mood disorders. Personality traits are stable individual features; therefore, they can be expected to be associated with stable neurobiological features, including the Brain Resting State (RS) activity as measured by fMRI. Several metrics have been used to describe RS properties, yielding rather inconsistent results. This inconsistency could be due to the fact that different metrics portray different RS signal properties and that these properties may be differently affected by neuroticism. To explore the distinct effects of neuroticism, we assessed several distinct metrics portraying different RS properties within the same population. Neuroticism was measured in 31 healthy subjects using the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire; RS was acquired by high-resolution fMRI. Using linear regression, we examined the modulatory effects of neuroticism on RS activity, as quantified by the Amplitude of low frequency fluctuations (ALFF, fALFF), regional homogeneity (REHO), Hurst Exponent (H), global connectivity (GC) and amygdalae functional connectivity. Neuroticism modulated the different metrics across a wide network of brain regions, including emotional regulatory, default mode and visual networks. Except for some similarities in key brain regions for emotional expression and regulation, neuroticism affected different metrics in different ways. Metrics more related to the measurement of regional intrinsic brain activity (fALFF, ALFF and REHO), or that provide a parsimonious index of integrated and segregated brain activity (HE), were more broadly modulated in regions related to emotions and their regulation. Metrics related to connectivity were modulated across a wider network of areas. Overall, these results show that neuroticism affects distinct aspects of brain resting state activity

  19. [Analysis of the prevalence of psychic disorders in the metropolitan region of Recife].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paixão, Cíntia; Matias, Daniele; Alencar, Izabel; Nunes, Marina; Sales, Patrícia; Veiga, Paulo Henrique Altran

    2009-01-01

    Mental health is a state of well-being, in which the individual is aware of its capacities, capable of coping with the ordinary stress of everyday life, of working productively and of functioning in society. The purpose of the present work is a quantitative analysis of the prevalence of psychic disorders, using references such as sex, age, kind of disorder and care delivered to the carriers. Social assistants of three psychiatric hospitals of the Metropolitan Region of Recife - the Psychiatric Hospital Ulysses Pernambucano, the Nucleus for Psychosocial Care of Pernambuco (NAPPE) and the Hospital Colony Alcides Codeceira - answered an adapted version of the Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20). The results showed a higher incidence of disorders in women in the age group between 41 and 60 years. Schizophrenia was the most frequently observed kind of mental disorder. Among the different treatments offered were drug therapy and individual and group therapy, the latter showing better results.

  20. Regional differences in right versus left congenital heart disease diagnoses in neonates in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Jennifer S; Strassle, Paula D

    2018-03-01

    Differences in the prevalence of left and right congenital heart defects (CHD) across the United States are unclear. This study evaluated the overall prevalence and the distribution of right versus left CHD across US regions and divisions in neonates. Newborns born from 2000 to 2014 diagnosed with CHD were identified using the National Inpatient Sample. Heart defects were stratified into right, left, and "neither" subtypes. The risk of right and left heart diagnoses between US Census regions and divisions was compared using multivariable binomial regression, adjusting for infant, and hospital characteristics. Two hundred forty thousand four hundred fifty-five newborns were included and 38,185 (15.9%) were classifiable as having either right or left subtypes. Between 2000 and 2014, the prevalence of right defects increased from 1.65 to 2.88 cases/1,000 live born infants (p right heart defect diagnosis compared to the West. When stratified by division, New England states had a significantly higher prevalence of right defects compared to the Pacific (RD adj .09, 95% CI .06, 0.11). No differences in the prevalence of left defects were seen. The prevalence of CHD diagnoses at birth in the US has increased, and regional differences in the prevalence of right defects appear to exist. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  1. Alterations of regional homogeneity in pediatric bipolar depression: a resting-state fMRI study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Weijia; Jiao, Qing; Lu, Shaojia; Zhong, Yuan; Qi, Rongfeng; Lu, Dali; Xiao, Qian; Yang, Fan; Lu, Guangming; Su, Linyan

    2014-08-06

    Pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD) has attracted increasing attentions due to its high prevalence and great influence on social functions of children and adolescents. However, the pathophysiology underlying PBD remains unclear. In the present study, the resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to detect abnormalities of baseline brain functions in depressed PBD youth. Seventeen youth with PBD-depression aged 10 - 18 years old and 18 age- and sex-matched normal controls were recruited in this study. The fMRI data under resting state were obtained on a Siemens 3.0 Tesla scanner and were analyzed using the regional homogeneity (ReHo) method. Correlations between the ReHo values of each survived area and the severity of depression symptoms in patients were further analyzed. As compared with the control group, PBD-depression patients showed decreased ReHo in the medial frontal gyrus, bilateral middle frontal gyrus and middle temporal gyrus, and the right putamen. Significant negative correlations of the mood and feelings questionnaire scores with mean ReHo values in the medial frontal gyrus and the right middle frontal gyrus in PBD-depression patients were observed. Our results suggest that extensive regions with altered baseline brain activities are existed in PBD-depression and these brain regions mainly locate in the fronto-limbic circuit and associated striatal structures. Moreover, the present findings also add to our understanding that there could be unique neuropathophysiological mechanisms underlying PBD-depression.

  2. Preliminary assessment of stratigraphy and structure, San Lucas region, Michoacan and Guerrero States, SW Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, C.A.; Cabral-Cano, E.; Harrison, C.G.A.; Barros, J.A. (Univ. of Miami, FL (United States)); Lang, H.R. (California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena (United States))

    Mesozoic marine rocks and Cenozoic continental red beds were mapped at 1:50,000 scale in a 900 km{sup 2} area around San Lucas, in the Balsas River basin between Ciudad Altamirano, Guerrero State, and Huetamo, Michoacan State, Mexico. Interpretation of Landsat Thematic Mapper images, combined with extensive field work, has enabled refinement of the stratigraphy as well as a new interpretation of the structure of the region south of the Mexican Volcanic Belt. A sedimentary sequence nearly seven kilometers thick crops out in the study area. The Mesozoic marine rocks consist of a shallowing-upward sequence approximately 3.5 km thick, with previously unreported laminated cherts at the base, progressing upward through turbidite facies clastic rocks, and shallow water carbonates of middle to Late Cretaceous age at the top. More than three kilometers of continental clastics accumulated above the marine sequence. Continental deposition was interrupted by a major angular unconformity, which is interpreted to record the end of Laramide folding and thrusting. discovery of structural repetitions in the Cretaceous marine sequence has led to reinterpretation of the tectonic evolution of the area. Thin-skinned tectonics played a major role in the structural development of the region during the Laramide orogeny. These conclusions show a lack of compelling evidence for Laramide accretion of tectonostratigraphic terranes in the region.

  3. Incidence of Keratinophilic Fungi from Selected Soils of Vidarbha Region of Maharashtra State, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Kumar Deshmukh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available One hundred and fifty samples were collected from eleven districts of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state and screened for the presence of keratinophilic fungi using hair baiting technique for isolation. Seventy-one isolates were recovered and identified. The cultures were identified using macro- and micromorphological features. Their identification was also confirmed by the BLAST search of sequences of the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 rDNA region against the NCBI/Genbank data and compared with deposited sequences for identification purpose. Thirteen species of eight genera were isolated, namely, Auxarthron conjugatum (2.00%, Chrysosporium indicum (14.00%, Chrysosporium evolceanui (2.66%, Chrysosporium tropicum (4.66%, Chrysosporium zonatum (1.33%, Chrysosporium state of Ctenomyces serratus (3.33%, Gymnascella dankaliensis (1.33%, Gymnascella hyalinospora (0.66%, Gymnoascoideus petalosporus (0.66%, Microsporum gypseum complex (9.33%, Trichophyton mentagrophytes (2.00%, T. terrestre (3.33%, and Uncinocarpus queenslandicus (2.00%. This study indicates that the soils of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra may be significant reservoirs of certain keratinophilic fungi.

  4. Particulate Matter Pollution and its Regional Transport in the Mid-Atlantic States

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, H.; Goldberg, D. L.; Hembeck, L.; Canty, T. P.; Vinciguerra, T.; Ring, A.; Salawitch, R. J.; Dickerson, R. R.

    2015-12-01

    Particulate matter (PM) causes negative effects on human health, impair visibility in scenic areas, and affect regional/global climate. PM can be formed through chemical changes of precursors, including biogenic VOCs and anthropogenic SO2 and NOx often from fossil fuel combustion. In the past decades, PM pollution in the US has improved substantially. However, some areas in the Mid-Atlantic States are still designated as 'moderate' nonattainment by EPA. We utilize datasets obtained during the NASA 2011 DISCOVER-AQ campaign to characterize the composition and distribution of summertime PM pollution in the Mid-Atlantic States. Aircraft measurements and OMI satellite retrieval of major anthropogenic precursors (NO2 and SO2) are analyzed to investigate the regional transport of PM precursors from upwind sources. We compare PM concentration and chemical composition observed during the field campaign to CMAQ simulations with the latest EPA emission inventory. Specifically, we focus on the secondary organic aerosol (SOA) chemistry in CMAQ simulations using various biogenic VOCs estimates from the MEGAN and BEIS models. Airborne PM observations including PILS measurements from DISCOVER-AQ campaign and OMI retrievals of HCHO are also used to validate and improve the representation of SOA chemistry and PM pollution within CMAQ. The comparison reveals the source and evolution of PM pollution in the Mid-Atlantic States.

  5. Atypical frontal-posterior synchronization of Theory of Mind regions in autism during mental state attribution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kana, Rajesh K; Keller, Timothy A; Cherkassky, Vladimir L; Minshew, Nancy J; Just, Marcel Adam

    2009-01-01

    This study used fMRI to investigate the functioning of the Theory of Mind (ToM) cortical network in autism during the viewing of animations that in some conditions entailed the attribution of a mental state to animated geometric figures. At the cortical level, mentalizing (attribution of metal states) is underpinned by the coordination and integration of the components of the ToM network, which include the medial frontal gyrus, the anterior paracingulate, and the right temporoparietal junction. The pivotal new finding was a functional underconnectivity (a lower degree of synchronization) in autism, especially in the connections between frontal and posterior areas during the attribution of mental states. In addition, the frontal ToM regions activated less in participants with autism relative to control participants. In the autism group, an independent psychometric assessment of ToM ability and the activation in the right temporoparietal junction were reliably correlated. The results together provide new evidence for the biological basis of atypical processing of ToM in autism, implicating the underconnectivity between frontal regions and more posterior areas.

  6. Parameter regionalization of a monthly water balance model for the conterminous United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bock, Andrew R.; Hay, Lauren E.; McCabe, Gregory J.; Markstrom, Steven L.; Atkinson, R. Dwight

    2016-01-01

    A parameter regionalization scheme to transfer parameter values from gaged to ungaged areas for a monthly water balance model (MWBM) was developed and tested for the conterminous United States (CONUS). The Fourier Amplitude Sensitivity Test, a global-sensitivity algorithm, was implemented on a MWBM to generate parameter sensitivities on a set of 109 951 hydrologic response units (HRUs) across the CONUS. The HRUs were grouped into 110 calibration regions based on similar parameter sensitivities. Subsequently, measured runoff from 1575 streamgages within the calibration regions were used to calibrate the MWBM parameters to produce parameter sets for each calibration region. Measured and simulated runoff at the 1575 streamgages showed good correspondence for the majority of the CONUS, with a median computed Nash–Sutcliffe efficiency coefficient of 0.76 over all streamgages. These methods maximize the use of available runoff information, resulting in a calibrated CONUS-wide application of the MWBM suitable for providing estimates of water availability at the HRU resolution for both gaged and ungaged areas of the CONUS.

  7. Arsenic content of soils from three regions of Santa Catarina State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leticia Cristina de Souza

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The determination of trace elements is necessary in order to monitor their entry into the soil system and to remediate contaminated areas. The purpose of this study was to determine the natural content of arsenic (As in soils of three regions of Santa Catarina State (SC: the Southern Plateau, the Metropolitan area and the Southern Coast. Arsenic content was obtained after digestion in a microwave oven, following the USEPA 3051 A protocol and quantification was made by atomic absorption spectrometry with electrothermal atomization. The results were analyzed by the Scott-Knott test at a 5% significance level. Soil attributes that best correlated with arsenic content were clay, organic carbon, cation exchange capacity and Al and Fe oxides. The arsenic levels are related to the source material and the slope of regional soils.

  8. Ocorrência de Auricula complexa (Bacillariophyceae na plataforma continental de Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Núbia Abrantes Gomes

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available Aurícula complexa (Gregory Cleve (Auriculaceae, Bacülariophyceae é assinalada pela primeira vez para as águas costeiras de Pernambuco, NE do Brasil. A espécie foi encontrada em amostras de plancton, coletadas durante o período de março/87 a fevereiro/88, em quatro estações, localizadas em um perfil perpendicular à costa. O trabalho fornece descrição, distribuição na área estudada e dados ecológicos da espécie, que esteve presente em nove das 48 amostras coletadas. Quantitativamente foi pouco representativa, com percentuais que não atingiram mais que 0,5% da população fitoplanctônica total.Auricula complexa (Gregory Cleve (Auriculaceae, Bacülariophyceae is mentioned for the first time to coastal waters of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil. The species was found in plankton samples collected from March/1987 to February/1988 in four stations located in a line perpendicular to the coast. Description, distribution in the area studied, and ecological data are givem. Auricula complexa (Gregory Cleve was observed in 9 out of the 48 samples examined, with percentages not higher than 0,5% of the total phytoplancton population.

  9. Completitude das notificações de violência perpetrada contra adolescentes em Pernambuco, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taciana Mirella Batista dos Santos

    Full Text Available Resumo O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar a tendência da completitude dos dados de violência perpetrada contra adolescentes registrados em Pernambuco, em 2009-2012. Estudo transversal, com 5.259 adolescentes vítimas de violência notificadas no SINAN-VIVA da Secretaria Estadual de Saúde de Pernambuco. Utilizou regressão linear simples para investigar a tendência de completitude das variáveis. Os percentuais de completitude foram considerados como variáveis dependentes (Y e os anos da série, como independentes (X. Os resultados mostram um incremento significativo de 204% no número de notificações. Porém, das 34 variáveis analisadas, 27 (79,4% apresentaram tendência Estacionária, 6 (17,6% Decrescente e apenas uma (2,9% Crescente. A completitude foi considerada ‘Muito Ruim’ para as variáveis: Escolaridade (47,3%, Complemento (21,3%, Hora da Ocorrência (38,0% e Uso de Álcool Pelo Agressor (47,0%. Portanto, apesar do grande incremento no numero de notificações, a qualidade dos dados permaneceu comprometida, dificultando uma análise mais realista neste grupo.

  10. 76 FR 80754 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; State of Kansas: Regional Haze

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-27

    ... 0.0 0.5 0.0 Gill 3 181.6 452.1 148.6 0.3 33.0 451.8 Gill 4 103.8 333.3 85.2 0.2 18.7 333.1 Neosho 7... regional haze SIP, Westar Energy, EPA, and the State entered into a Federal Consent Decree in resolution of... in resolution of alleged violations of the Clean Air Act. The Consent Decree requires that Jeffrey...

  11. Anuran amphibians of the urban region of Altamira (Oriental Amazonia, state of Pará, Brazil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Bezerra Barros

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to take stock of the species of anurans in three localities of the urban region of Altamira, a municipal district in the west of the state of Pará (Oriental Amazonia. Collections were made between January and June of 2004. Fifteen species were recorded during the study. The family Hylidae was the most represented, with eight species. The data was compatible with the degree of conservation of the collection areas. The necessity of making new fauna inventories in all Brazilian biomes is of extreme urgency, particularly in the Amazon, given its vast extension and lack of inventories.

  12. Surface chemistry. Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Öström, H; Öberg, H; Xin, H; LaRue, J; Beye, M; Dell'Angela, M; Gladh, J; Ng, M L; Sellberg, J A; Kaya, S; Mercurio, G; Nordlund, D; Hantschmann, M; Hieke, F; Kühn, D; Schlotter, W F; Dakovski, G L; Turner, J J; Minitti, M P; Mitra, A; Moeller, S P; Föhlisch, A; Wolf, M; Wurth, W; Persson, M; Nørskov, J K; Abild-Pedersen, F; Ogasawara, H; Pettersson, L G M; Nilsson, A

    2015-02-27

    Femtosecond x-ray laser pulses are used to probe the carbon monoxide (CO) oxidation reaction on ruthenium (Ru) initiated by an optical laser pulse. On a time scale of a few hundred femtoseconds, the optical laser pulse excites motions of CO and oxygen (O) on the surface, allowing the reactants to collide, and, with a transient close to a picosecond (ps), new electronic states appear in the O K-edge x-ray absorption spectrum. Density functional theory calculations indicate that these result from changes in the adsorption site and bond formation between CO and O with a distribution of OC-O bond lengths close to the transition state (TS). After 1 ps, 10% of the CO populate the TS region, which is consistent with predictions based on a quantum oscillator model. Copyright © 2015, American Association for the Advancement of Science.

  13. Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ostrom, H. [Stockholm Univ. (Sweden); Oberg, H. [Stockholm Univ. (Sweden); Xin, H. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); LaRue, J. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); Beye, M. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin fur Materialien und Energie GmbH, Berlin (Germany); Dell' Angela, M. [Univ. of Hamburg and Center for Free Electron Laser Science, Hamburg (Germany); Gladh, J. [Stockholm Univ. (Sweden); Ng, M. L. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Sellberg, J. A. [Stockholm Univ. (Sweden); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Kaya, S. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Mercurio, G. [Univ. of Hamburg and Center for Free Electron Laser Science, Hamburg (Germany); Nordlund, D. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Hantschmann, M. [Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin fur Materialien und Energie GmbH, Berlin (Germany); Hieke, F. [Univ. of Hamburg and Center for Free Electron Laser Science, Hamburg (Germany); Kuhn, D. [Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin fur Materialien und Energie GmbH, Berlin (Germany); Schlotter, W. F. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Dakovski, G. L. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Turner, J. J. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Minitti, M. P. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Mitra, A. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Moeller, S. P. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fohlisch, A. [Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin fur Materialien und Energie GmbH, Berlin (Germany); Univ. Potsdam, Potsdam (Germany); Wolf, M. [Fritz-Haber Institute of the Max-Planck-Society, Berlin (Germany); Wurth, W. [Univ. of Hamburg and Center for Free Electron Laser Science, Hamburg (Germany); DESY Photon Science, Hamburg (Germany); Persson, M. [The Univ. of Liverpool, Liverpool (United Kingdom); Norskov, J. K. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); Abild-Pedersen, F. [Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); Ogasawara, H. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Pettersson, L. G. M. [Stockholm Univ. (Sweden); Nilsson, A. [Stockholm Univ. (Sweden); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)

    2015-02-12

    Femtosecond x-ray laser pulses are used to probe the CO oxidation reaction on ruthenium (Ru) initiated by an optical laser pulse. On a time scale of a few hundred femtoseconds, the optical laser pulse excites motions of CO and O on the surface, allowing the reactants to collide, and, with a transient close to a picosecond (ps), new electronic states appear in the O K-edge x-ray absorption spectrum. Density functional theory calculations indicate that these result from changes in the adsorption site and bond formation between CO and O with a distribution of OC–O bond lengths close to the transition state (TS). After 1 ps, 10% of the CO populate the TS region, which is consistent with predictions based on a quantum oscillator model.

  14. Student Mobility in Rural and Nonrural Districts in Five Central Region States. Issues & Answers. REL 2010-No. 089

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beesley, Andrea; Moore, Laurie; Gopalani, Sarah

    2010-0