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Sample records for reconfigurable devices implemented

  1. Partial reconfiguration of concurrent logic controllers implemented in FPGA devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiśniewski, Remigiusz; Grobelna, Iwona; Stefanowicz, Łukasz

    2016-12-01

    Reconfigurable systems are recently used in many domains. Although the concept of multi-context logic controllers is relatively new, it may be noticed that the subject is receiving a lot of attention, especially in the industry. The work constitutes a stepping stone in design of reconfigurable logic controllers implemented in an FPGA device. An approach of designing of logic controllers oriented for further partial reconfiguration is proposed. A case study of a milling machine is used for an illustration.

  2. Optically Reconfigurable Photonic Devices

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Qian; Gholipour, Behrad; Wang, Chih-Ming; Yuan, Guanghui; Teng, Jinghua; Zheludev, Nikolay I

    2015-01-01

    Optoelectronic components with adjustable parameters, from variable-focal-length lenses to spectral filters that can change functionality upon stimulation, have enormous technological importance. Tuning of such components is conventionally achieved by either micro- or nano-mechanical actuation of their consitutive parts, stretching or application of thermal stimuli. Here we report a new dielectric metasurface platform for reconfigurable optical components that are created with light in a non-volatile and reversible fashion. Such components are written, erased and re-written as two-dimensional binary or grey-scale patterns into a nanoscale film of phase change material by inducing a refractive-index-changing phase-transition with tailored trains of femtosecond pulses. We combine germanium-antimony-tellurium-based films optimized for high-optical-contrast ovonic switching with a sub-wavelength-resolution optical writing process to demonstrate technologically relevant devices: visible-range reconfigurable bi-chr...

  3. Real-time reconfigurable devices implemented in UV-light programmable floating-gate CMOS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aunet, Snorre

    2002-06-01

    This dissertation describes using theory, computer simulations and laboratory measurements a new class of real time reconfigurable UV-programmable floating-gate circuits operating with current levels typically in the pA to {mu}A range, implemented in a standard double-poly CMOS technology. A new design method based on using the same basic two-MOSFET circuits extensively is proposed, meant for improving the opportunities to make larger FGUVMOS circuitry than previously reported. By using the same basic circuitry extensively, instead of different circuitry for basic digital functions, the goal is to ease UV-programming and test and save circuitry on chip and I/O-pads. Matching of circuitry should also be improved by using this approach. Compact circuitry can be made, reducing wiring and active components. Compared to earlier FGUVMOS approaches the number of transistors for implementing the CARRY' of a FULL-ADDER is reduced from 22 to 2. A complete FULL-ADDER can be implemented using only 8 transistors. 2-MOSFET circuits able to implement CARRY', NOR, NAND and INVERT functions are demonstrated by measurements on chip, working with power supply voltages ranging from 800 mV down to 93 mV. An 8-transistor FULL-ADDER might use 2500 times less energy than a FULL-ADDER implemented using standard cells in the same 0.6 {mu}m CMOS technology while running at 1 MHz. The circuits are also shown to be a new class of linear threshold elements, which is the basic building blocks of neural networks. Theory is developed as a help in the design of floating-gate circuits.

  4. Implementing Workflow Reconfiguration in WS-BPEL

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mazzara, Manuel; Dragoni, Nicola; Zhou, Mu

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates the problem of dynamic reconfiguration by means of a workflow-based case study used for discussion. We state the requirements on a system implementing the workflow and its reconfiguration, and we describe the system’s design in BPMN. WS-BPEL, a language that would not natu......This paper investigates the problem of dynamic reconfiguration by means of a workflow-based case study used for discussion. We state the requirements on a system implementing the workflow and its reconfiguration, and we describe the system’s design in BPMN. WS-BPEL, a language that would...... not naturally support dynamic change, is used as a target for implementation. The WS-BPEL recovery framework is here exploited to implement the reconfiguration using principles derived from previous research in process algebra and two mappings from BPMN to WS-BPEL are presented, one automatic and only mostly...

  5. Implementing Workflow Reconfiguration in WS-BPEL

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mazzara, Manuel; Dragoni, Nicola; Zhou, Mu

    2012-01-01

    not naturally support dynamic change, is used as a target for implementation. The WS-BPEL recovery framework is here exploited to implement the reconfiguration using principles derived from previous research in process algebra and two mappings from BPMN to WS-BPEL are presented, one automatic and only mostly...

  6. Reconfigurable Manufacturing System Design and Implementation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hadar, Ronen; Bilberg, Arne

    2013-01-01

    Reconfigurable Manufacturing Systems (RMS) have been an increasing area of interest in the research arena. However, it seems that current literature is lacking application and implementation cases where RMS are simulated, tested, and evaluated as a feasible manufacturing concept. A Manufacturer...... is meant primarily to show the physical feasibility of the system and provide a first-look into a real production application of the RMS ideas. The purpose of this paper is to present the design of the manufacturer’s RMS proof of concept, its implementation, and evaluation results....

  7. Dynamic partial reconfiguration of logic controllers implemented in FPGAs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazydło, Grzegorz; Wiśniewski, Remigiusz

    2016-09-01

    Technological progress in recent years benefits in digital circuits containing millions of logic gates with the capability for reprogramming and reconfiguring. On the one hand it provides the unprecedented computational power, but on the other hand the modelled systems are becoming increasingly complex, hierarchical and concurrent. Therefore, abstract modelling supported by the Computer Aided Design tools becomes a very important task. Even the higher consumption of the basic electronic components seems to be acceptable because chip manufacturing costs tend to fall over the time. The paper presents a modelling approach for logic controllers with the use of Unified Modelling Language (UML). Thanks to the Model Driven Development approach, starting with a UML state machine model, through the construction of an intermediate Hierarchical Concurrent Finite State Machine model, a collection of Verilog files is created. The system description generated in hardware description language can be synthesized and implemented in reconfigurable devices, such as FPGAs. Modular specification of the prototyped controller permits for further dynamic partial reconfiguration of the prototyped system. The idea bases on the exchanging of the functionality of the already implemented controller without stopping of the FPGA device. It means, that a part (for example a single module) of the logic controller is replaced by other version (called context), while the rest of the system is still running. The method is illustrated by a practical example by an exemplary Home Area Network system.

  8. Researching and implementation of reconfigurable Hash chip based on FPGA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Xiaohui; Dai Zibin; Liu Yuanfeng; Wang Ting

    2007-01-01

    The reconfigurable cryptographic chip is an integrated circuit that is designed by means of the method of reconfigurable architecture, and is used for encryption and decryption. Many different cipher algorithms can be flexibly implemented with the aid of a reconfigurable cryptographic chip and can be used in many fields. This article takes an example for the SHA-1/224/256 algorithms, and then designs a reconfigurable cryptographic chip based on the thought and method of the reconfigurable architecture. Finally, this paper gives the implementation result based on the FPGA of the family of Stratix II of Altera Corporation, and presents a good research trend for resolving the storage in hardware implementation using FPGAs.

  9. ETSI-Standard Reconfigurable Mobile Device for Supporting the Licensed Shared Access

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyunghoon Kim

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In order for a Mobile Device (MD to support the Licensed Shared Access (LSA, the MD should be reconfigurable, meaning that the configuration of a MD must be adaptively changed in accordance with the communication standard adopted in a given LSA system. Based on the standard architecture for reconfigurable MD defined in Working Group (WG 2 of the Technical Committee (TC Reconfigurable Radio System (RRS of the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI, this paper presents a procedure to transfer control signals among the software entities of a reconfigurable MD required for implementing the LSA. This paper also presents an implementation of a reconfigurable MD prototype that realizes the proposed procedure. The modem and Radio Frequency (RF part of the prototype MD are implemented with the NVIDIA GeForce GTX Titan Graphic Processing Unit (GPU and the Universal Software Radio Peripheral (USRP N210, respectively. With a preset scenario that consists of five time slots from different signal environments, we demonstrate superb performance of the reconfigurable MD in comparison to the conventional nonreconfigurable MD in terms of the data receiving rate available in the LSA band at 2.3–2.4 GHz.

  10. Reconfiguration of Urban Photovoltaic Arrays Using Commercial Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Ignacio Serna-Garcés

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A recent approach to mitigate the adverse effects of photovoltaic (PV arrays operating under mismatching conditions is the dynamic electrical reconfiguration of the PV panels. This paper introduces a procedure to determine the best configuration of a PV array connected in a series-parallel structure without using complex mathematical models. Such a procedure uses the experimental current vs. voltage curves of the PV panels, which are composed of multiple PV modules, to construct the power vs. voltage curves of all of the possible configurations to identify the optimal one. The main advantage of this method is the low computational effort required to reconstruct the power vs. voltage curves of the array. This characteristic enables one to implement the proposed solution using inexpensive embedded devices, which are widely adopted in industrial applications. The proposed method, and its embedded implementation, were tested using a hardware-in-the-loop simulation of the PV system. Finally, the real-time operation and benefits of the proposed solution are illustrated using a practical example based on commercial devices.

  11. IMPLEMENTATION OF TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER ARCHITECTURE FOR PHYSICAL HYBRID INDICATOR CHANNEL OF LTE-ADVANCED USING PARTIAL RECONFIGURATION IN ML605 VIRTEX-6 DEVICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Syed Ameer Abbas

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available LTE-A (Long Term Evolution-Advanced is the fourth generation technology to increase the speed of wireless data network. The LTE-A Physical layer provides both data and control information between an enhanced base station and mobile user equipment which is quite complex and consists of a mixture of technologies. Since there is requirement for more resources to accommodate all the channels in a single FPGA, Partial Reconfiguration (PR technique is introduced to configure the total hardware into sub modules that configure and operate in different instants of time. PR enables a part of FPGA to be reconfigured, while the rest continues to function without any interruptions and reduces the hardware resource power and fabric area. This work proposes the realization of transmitter and receiver architecture of Physical Hybrid Indicator Channel (PHICH channel for LTE-A using partial reconfiguration on xc6vlx240tff1156-1 FPGA. The receiver architecture for PHICH is to report the correct reception of uplink user data to the User Equipment (UE in the form of Acknowledgment (ACK, or Negative ACK (NACK in a 1 millisecond duration sub-frame of Long Term Evolution (LTE System. The modules for the different diversities are reconfigured based on the control signals from the transmitter.

  12. Implementation and implications of macrophyte reconfiguration in hydraulic river modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verschoren, Veerle; Schoelynck, Jonas; Buis, Kerst; Meire, Dieter; Bal, Kris; Meire, Patrick; Temmerman, Stijn

    2014-05-01

    In lowland rivers, abundant macrophyte growth can often be observed. The aquatic vegetation has an impact on the flow by creating friction which results in increased water levels and decreased flow velocities. At the same time submerged macrophytes are susceptible to hydrodynamic forces of the water. Their morphology is therefore often flexible and streamlined so that it enables reconfiguration (i.e. bending of macrophytes with water flow) and decreases potential damage at high flow velocities. Knowledge of these mutual interactions is crucial in order to model water flow in vegetated rivers. A correct estimation of flow velocity and water height is indispensable for the calculation of hydraulic, ecological and geomorphological parameters. The total resistance to water flow in a river can be described by a Manning coefficient. This value is influenced by river characteristics as well as by the presence of macrophytes. In this study a simple method is developed to quantify the resistance created by macrophytes after reconfiguration of their canopy. In order to achieve this we derive model formulations and plant parameters for three different macrophyte species and compare model simulation with measured flow velocity data for two case studies. Furthermore, the effect of macrophyte reconfiguration is investigated by modeling the same case studies with and without the implementation of macrophyte reconfiguration. It was found that the local resistance created by the vegetation was overestimated when reconfiguration was not considered. This resulted in an overestimation of stream velocity adjacent to the vegetation and an underestimation of the stream velocity within and behind the vegetation. Another effect was a higher water level gradient and consequently a higher Manning coefficient in the scenario without reconfiguration compared to the scenario with reconfiguration. Reconfiguration had also an influence on ecological and geomorphological parameters. It was found

  13. Analysis, design and implementation of Front-End Reconfigurable Antenna Systems (FERAS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tawk, Youssef Antoine

    2011-12-01

    The increase in demand on reconfigurable systems and especially for wireless communications applications has stressed the need for smart and agile RF devices that sense and respond to the RF changes in the environment. Many different applications require frequency agility with software control ability such as in a cognitive radio environment where antenna systems have to be designed to fulfill the extendable and reconfigurable multi-service and multi-band requirements. Such applications increase spectrum efficiency as well as the power utilization in modern wireless systems. The emphasis of this dissertation revolves around the following question: "Is it possible to come up with new techniques to achieve reconfigurable antenna systems with better performance?" Two main branches constitute the outline of this work. The first one is based on the design of reconfigurable antennas by incorporating photoconductive switching elements in order to change the antenna electrical properties. The second branch relies on the change in the physical structure of the antenna via a rotational motion. In this work a new photoconductive switch is designed with a new light delivery technique. This switch is incorporated into new optically pumped reconfigurable antenna systems (OPRAS). The implementation of these antenna systems in applications such as cognitive radio is demonstrated and discussed. A new radio frequency (RF) technique for measuring the semiconductor carrier lifetime using optically reconfigurable transmission lines is proposed. A switching time investigation for the OPRAS is also accomplished to better cater for the cognitive radio requirements. Moreover, different reconfiguration mechanisms are addressed such as physical alteration of antenna parts via a rotational motion. This technique is supported by software to achieve a complete controlled rotatable reconfigurable cognitive radio antenna system. The inter-correlation between neural networks and cellular automata

  14. An Agent Inspired Reconfigurable Computing Implementation of a Genetic Algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weir, John M.; Wells, B. Earl

    2003-01-01

    Many software systems have been successfully implemented using an agent paradigm which employs a number of independent entities that communicate with one another to achieve a common goal. The distributed nature of such a paradigm makes it an excellent candidate for use in high speed reconfigurable computing hardware environments such as those present in modem FPGA's. In this paper, a distributed genetic algorithm that can be applied to the agent based reconfigurable hardware model is introduced. The effectiveness of this new algorithm is evaluated by comparing the quality of the solutions found by the new algorithm with those found by traditional genetic algorithms. The performance of a reconfigurable hardware implementation of the new algorithm on an FPGA is compared to traditional single processor implementations.

  15. XOR-FREE Implementation of Convolutional Encoder for Reconfigurable Hardware

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaurav Purohit

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a novel XOR-FREE algorithm to implement the convolutional encoder using reconfigurable hardware. The approach completely removes the XOR processing of a chosen nonsystematic, feedforward generator polynomial of larger constraint length. The hardware (HW implementation of new architecture uses Lookup Table (LUT for storing the parity bits. The design implements architectural reconfigurability by modifying the generator polynomial of the same constraint length and code rate to reduce the design complexity. The proposed architecture reduces the dynamic power up to 30% and improves the hardware cost and propagation delay up to 20% and 32%, respectively. The performance of the proposed architecture is validated in MATLAB Simulink and tested on Zynq-7 series FPGA.

  16. Tunable multiband ferroelectric devices for reconfigurable RF-frontends

    CERN Document Server

    Zheng, Yuliang

    2013-01-01

    Reconfigurable RF-frontends aim to cope with the continuous pursuit of wider frequency coverage, higher efficiency, further compactness and lower cost of ownership. They are expected to lay the foundations of future software defined or cognitive radios. As a potential enabling technology for the frontends, the tunable ferroelectric devices have shown not only enhanced performance but also new functionalities. This book explores the recent developments in the field. It provides a cross-sectional perspective on the interdisciplinary research. With attention to the devices based on ceramic thick-films and crystal thin-films, the book reviews the adapted technologies of material synthesis, film deposition and multilayer circuitry. Next, it highlights the original classes of thin-film ferroelectric devices, including stratified metal-insulator-metal varactors with suppression of acoustic resonance and programmable bi-stable high frequency capacitors. At the end the book analyzes how the frontends can be reformed b...

  17. Robust Pressure-Actuated Liquid Metal Devices Showing Reconfigurable Electromagnetic Effects at GHz Frequencies (POSTPRINT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    actuated liquid metal devices are demonstrated for reconfigurable electromagnetic fundamentals at GHz frequencies, including tunable dipole antennas ...Mazlouman, A. Mahanfar, C. Menon et al., “Mechanically Reconfigurable Antennas using Electro-active Polymers (EAPs),” 2011 Ieee International Symposium...on Antennas and Propagation (Apsursi), pp. 742-745, 2011. [3] B. Cumby, G. Hayes, M. Dickey et al., “ Reconfigurable liquid metal circuits by

  18. Concurrent Calculations on Reconfigurable Logic Devices Applied to the Analysis of Video Images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio R. Geninatti

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the design and implementation on FPGA devices of an algorithm for computing similarities between neighboring frames in a video sequence using luminance information. By taking advantage of the well-known flexibility of Reconfigurable Logic Devices, we have designed a hardware implementation of the algorithm used in video segmentation and indexing. The experimental results show the tradeoff between concurrent sequential resources and the functional blocks needed to achieve maximum operational speed while achieving minimum silicon area usage. To evaluate system efficiency, we compare the performance of the hardware solution to that of calculations done via software using general-purpose processors with and without an SIMD instruction set.

  19. Self Reconfigurable Wireless Networks With Dsdv Protocol Implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Muthulakshmi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In multi hop wireless networks experience frequent link failures caused by channel interference, dynamic obstacles, and/or applications’ bandwidth demands. These failures cause severe performance degradation in wireless networks or require expensive manual network management for their real-time recovery. This paper presents an autonomous network reconfiguration system (ARS with destination sequence distance vector (DSDV protocol that enables a multi radio Wireless network to autonomously recover from local link failures to preserve network performance. By using channel and radio diversities in Wireless networks, ARS generates necessary changes in local radio and channel assignments in order to recover from failures. Next, based on the thus-generated configuration changes, the system cooperatively reconfigures network settings among local mesh router. In this concept during the data transmission if the link fails in between the nodes, the previous node act as the header node. The header node, creating the loop around the neighboring nodes and find the energy efficient path, after finding the path send the data’s towards it to reach the destination. Because of this there is no chance for data losing, Here ARS has been implemented and evaluated extensively on through ns2-based simulation. Our evaluation results show that ARS outperforms existing failure recovery schemes in improving channel-efficiency .

  20. Application of RF-MEMS-Based Split Ring Resonators (SRRs to the Implementation of Reconfigurable Stopband Filters: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferran Martín

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this review paper, several strategies for the implementation of reconfigurable split ring resonators (SRRs based on RF-MEMS switches are presented. Essentially three types of RF-MEMS combined with split rings are considered: (i bridge-type RF-MEMS on top of complementary split ring resonators CSRRs; (ii cantilever-type RF-MEMS on top of SRRs; and (iii cantilever-type RF-MEMS integrated with SRRs (or RF-MEMS SRRs. Advantages and limitations of these different configurations from the point of view of their potential applications for reconfigurable stopband filter design are discussed, and several prototype devices are presented.

  1. Prototyping of concurrent control systems implemented in FPGA devices

    CERN Document Server

    Wiśniewski, Remigiusz

    2017-01-01

    This book focuses on prototyping aspects of concurrent control systems and their further implementation and partial reconfiguration in programmable devices. Further, it lays out a full prototyping flow for concurrent control systems. Based on a given primary specification, a system is described with an interpreted Petri net, which naturally reflects the concurrent and sequential relationships of the design. The book shows that, apart from the traditional option of static configuration of the entire system, the latest programmable devices (especially FPGAs) offer far more sophistication. Partial reconfiguration allows selected parts of the system to be replaced without having to reprogram the entire structure of the device. Approaches to dynamic and static partial reconfiguration of concurrent control systems are presented and described in detail.< The theoretical work is illustrated by examples drawn from various applications, with a milling machine and a traffic-light controller highlighted as representat...

  2. Design and implementation of a high-speed reconfigurable cipher chip

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Nana; Li Zhancai; Wang Qin

    2006-01-01

    A reconfigurable cipher chip for accelerating DES is described, 3DES and AES computations that demand high performance and flexibility to accommodate large numbers of secure connections with heterogeneous clients. To obtain high throughput, we analyze the feasibility of high-speed reconfigurable design and find the key parameters affecting throughput. Then, the corresponding design, which includes the reconfiguration analysis of algorithms, the design of reconfigurable processing units and a new reconfigurable architecture based on pipeline and parallel structure, are proposed. The implementation results show that the operating frequency is 110 MHz and the throughput rate is 7 Gbps for DES, 2.3 Gbps for 3 DES and 1.4 Gbps for AES. Compared with the similar existing implementations, our design can achieve a higher performance.

  3. Design and Implementation of a Modular Self-reconfigurable Robot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guifang Qiao

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the design and implementation of a new modular self-reconfigurable robot. The single module has three joints and can perform rectilinear motion, lateral shift, lateral rolling, and rotation. A flexible pin-hole-based docking mechanism is designed for self-assembly. With the proposed infrared-sensor-based docking method, multiple modules can be self-assembled to form versatile configurations. The modules communicate with each other through ZigBee protocols. The locomotion planning and geometry analysis of the single module are presented in detail and the efficiency of the single module’s mobility is also demonstrated by experimental results. In automatic docking experiments with two modules, the proposed method is shown to be able to achieve an average success rate of 78% within the effective region. The average time of the docking process is reduced to 75 s. The maximum velocity of the I-shaped robot is up to 3.6 cm/s and the maximum velocity of the X-shaped robot is 4.8 cm/s. The detach-dock method for I-to-X transformation planning is also verified. The ZigBee-based communication system can achieve 100% receiving rate at 55 ms transformation interval.

  4. Implementation of the Two-Point Angular Correlation Function on a High-Performance Reconfigurable Computer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volodymyr V. Kindratenko

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a parallel implementation of an algorithm for calculating the two-point angular correlation function as applied in the field of computational cosmology. The algorithm has been specifically developed for a reconfigurable computer. Our implementation utilizes a microprocessor and two reconfigurable processors on a dual-MAP SRC-6 system. The two reconfigurable processors are used as two application-specific co-processors. Two independent computational kernels are simultaneously executed on the reconfigurable processors while data pre-fetching from disk and initial data pre-processing are executed on the microprocessor. The overall end-to-end algorithm execution speedup achieved by this implementation is over 90× as compared to a sequential implementation of the algorithm executed on a single 2.8 GHz Intel Xeon microprocessor.

  5. Split and flow: reconfigurable capillary connection for digital microfluidic devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lapierre, Florian; Harnois, Maxime; Coffinier, Yannick; Boukherroub, Rabah; Thomy, Vincent

    2014-09-21

    Supplying liquid to droplet-based microfluidic microsystems remains a delicate task facing the problems of coupling continuous to digital or macro- to microfluidic systems. Here, we take advantage of superhydrophobic microgrids to address this problem. Insertion of a capillary tube inside a microgrid aperture leads to a simple and reconfigurable droplet generation setup.

  6. Design and Implementation of Digital Linear Control Systems on Reconfigurable Hardware

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Bednara

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available The implementation of large linear control systems requires a high amount of digital signal processing. Here, we show that reconfigurable hardware allows the design of fast yet flexible control systems. After discussing the basic concepts for the design and implementation of digital controllers for mechatronic systems, a new general and automated design flow starting from a system of differential equations to application-specific hardware implementation is presented. The advances of reconfigurable hardware as a target technology for linear controllers is discussed. In a case study, we compare the new hardware approach for implementing linear controllers with a software implementation.

  7. Towards Software Defined Radios Using Coarse-Grained Reconfigurable Hardware

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rauwerda, Gerard K.; Heysters, Paul M.; Smit, Gerard J.M.; Jha, N.K.

    2008-01-01

    Mobile wireless terminals tend to become multimode wireless communication devices. Furthermore, these devices become adaptive. Heterogeneous reconfigurable hardware provides the flexibility, performance, and efficiency to enable the implementation of these devices. The implementation of a wideband c

  8. An efficient implementation of reconfigurable interpolation rootraised cosine FIR filter for software-defined radio application

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S C PRASANNA; S P JOY VASANTHA RANI

    2016-10-01

    This brief presents an efficient binary common subexpression elimination (BCSE)-based approach for designing reconfigurable interpolation root-raised cosine (RRC) finite-impulse-response (FIR) filter, whose coefficients change during runtime for multistandard wireless communication system called software-defined radio (SDR). Reconfiguration can be done conveniently by storing the coded coefficients in the lookup tables (LUTs), and loading the required coefficient set over the interpolation filter. In the proposed method based on 4-bit BCSE algorithm, first the number of binary common subexpressions (BCSs) formed in the coefficients is reduced. Hence, multiplexers, shifters, and adders in the multiplier structure are reduced, which results in theimprovement of operating frequency. The number of addition operations is further reduced using programmable adders and an efficient polyphase interpolation structure is implemented to reduce the hardware cost. The proposed design has 49.5% less area-delay product and 28.6% improved frequency of operation when comparedto a 2-bit BCSE-based technique reported earlier when implemented on Xilinx field-programmable gate array (FPGA) device XC2VP4FF672-6. Similarly, the proposed design supports 93.14 MHz operating frequency, which is 59.2% and 74.2% greater when compared to 2-bit BCSE- and 3-bit BCSE-based approach when implemented on XC2V3000FF1152-4. The proposed structure also shows improved performance in terms of speed and area when compared to distributed arithmetic (DA)-based and multiply-accumulate (MAC)-based approaches.

  9. Self-Partial and Dynamic Reconfiguration Implementation for AES using FPGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zine El Abidine Alaoui Ismaili

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses efficient hardware/software implementation approaches for the AES (Advanced Encryption Standard algorithm and describes the design and performance testing algorithm for embedded system. Also, with the spread of reconfigurable hardware such as FPGAs (Field Programmable Gate Array embedded cryptographic hardware became cost-effective. Nevertheless, it is worthy to note that nowadays, even hardwired cryptographic algorithms are not so safe. From another side, the self-reconfiguring platform is reported that enables an FPGA to dynamically reconfigure itself under the control of an embedded microprocessor. Hardware acceleration significantly increases the performance of embedded systems built on programmable logic. Allowing a FPGA-based MicroBlaze processor to self-select the coprocessors uses can help reduce area requirements and increase a system's versatility. The architecture proposed in this paper is an optimal hardware implementation algorithm and takes dynamic partially reconfigurable of FPGA. This implementation is good solution to preserve confidentiality and accessibility to the information in the numeric communication.

  10. Authenticated Encryption for Low-Power Reconfigurable Wireless Devices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Khajuria, Samant; Andersen, Birger

    2013-01-01

    this enabling technology, these radios have to propose cryptographic services such as con- fidentiality, integrity and authentication. Therefore, integration of security services to these low-power devices is very challenging and crucial as they have limited resources and computational capabilities......With the rapid growth of new wireless communication standards, a solution that is capable of providing a seamless shift between existing wireless protocols and high flexibility as well as capability is crucial. Technology based on reconfigurable devices offers this flexibility. In order to avail...

  11. Authenticated Encryption for Low-Power Reconfigurable Wireless Devices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Khajuria, Samant; Andersen, Birger

    2013-01-01

    this enabling technology, these radios have to propose cryptographic services such as con- fidentiality, integrity and authentication. Therefore, integration of security services to these low-power devices is very challenging and crucial as they have limited resources and computational capabilities...

  12. A new dynamic tactile display for reconfigurable braille: implementation and tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motto Ros, Paolo; Dante, Vittorio; Mesin, Luca; Petetti, Erminio; Del Giudice, Paolo; Pasero, Eros

    2014-01-01

    Different tactile interfaces have been proposed to represent either text (braille) or, in a few cases, tactile large-area screens as replacements for visual displays. None of the implementations so far can be customized to match users' preferences, perceptual differences and skills. Optimal choices in these respects are still debated; we approach a solution by designing a flexible device allowing the user to choose key parameters of tactile transduction. We present here a new dynamic tactile display, a 8 × 8 matrix of plastic pins based on well-established and reliable piezoelectric technology to offer high resolution (pin gap 0.7mm) as well as tunable strength of the pins displacement, and refresh rate up to 50s(-1). It can reproduce arbitrary patterns, allowing it to serve the dual purpose of providing, depending on contingent user needs, tactile rendering of non-character information, and reconfigurable braille rendering. Given the relevance of the latter functionality for the expected average user, we considered testing braille encoding by volunteers a benchmark of primary importance. Tests were performed to assess the acceptance and usability with minimal training, and to check whether the offered flexibility was indeed perceived by the subject as an added value compared to conventional braille devices. Different mappings between braille dots and actual tactile pins were implemented to match user needs. Performances of eight experienced braille readers were defined as the fraction of correct identifications of rendered content. Different information contents were tested (median performance on random strings, words, sentences identification was about 75%, 85%, 98%, respectively, with a significant increase, p < 0.01), obtaining statistically significant improvements in performance during the tests (p < 0.05). Experimental results, together with qualitative ratings provided by the subjects, show a good acceptance and the effectiveness of the proposed solution.

  13. A New Dynamic Tactile Display for Reconfigurable Braille: Implementation and Tests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo eMotto Ros

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Different tactile interfaces have been proposed to represent either text (braille or, in a few cases, tactile large-area screens as replacements for visual displays. None of the implementations so far can be customized to match users preferences, perceptual differences and skills. Optimal choices in these respects are still debated; we approach a solution by designing a flexible device allowing the user to choose key parameters of tactile transduction.We present here a new dynamic tactile display, a 8×8 matrix of plastic pins based on well-established and reliable piezoelectric technology to offer high resolution (pin gap 0.7 mm as well as tunable strength of the pins displacement, and refresh rate up to 50 s-1. It can reproduce arbitrary patterns, allowing it to serve the dual purpose of providing, depending on contingent user needs, tactile rendering of non-character information, and reconfigurable braille rendering. Given the relevance of the latter functionality for the expected average user, we considered testing braille encoding by volunteers a benchmark of primary importance. Tests were performed to assess the acceptance and usability with minimal training, and to check whether the offered flexibility was indeed perceived by the subject as an added value compared to conventional braille devices. Different mappings between braille dots and actual tactile pins were implemented to match user needs.Performances of eight experienced braille readers were defined as the fraction of correct identifications of rendered content. Different information contents were tested (median performance on random strings, words, sentences identification was about 75%, 85%, 98%, respectively, with a significant increase, p< 0.01, obtaining statistically significant improvements in performance during the tests (p< 0.05. Experimental results, together with qualitative ratings provided by the subjects, show a good acceptance and the effectiveness of the proposed

  14. A reconfigurable spintronic device for quantum and classical logic

    CERN Document Server

    Bhowmik, Debanjan; Sarkar, Angik; Bhattacharyya, Tarun Kanti

    2010-01-01

    Quantum superposition and entanglement of physical states can be harnessed to solve some problems which are intractable on a classical computer implementing binary logic. Several algorithms have been proposed to utilize the quantum nature of physical states and solve important problems. For example, Shor's quantum algorithm is extremely important in the field of cryptography since it factors large numbers exponentially faster than any known classical algorithm. Another celebrated example is the Grovers quantum algorithm. These algorithms can only be implemented on a quantum computer which operates on quantum bits (qubits). Rudimentary implementations of quantum processor have already been achieved through linear optical components, ion traps, NMR etc. However demonstration of a solid state quantum processor had been elusive till DiCarlo et al demonstrated two qubit algorithms in superconducting quantum processor. Though this has been a significant step, scalable semiconductor based room temperature quantum co...

  15. Static and Dynamic Component Obfuscation on Reconfigurable Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    picture of the operation of the adder. This can be implemented using a key as well. For example, consider a crossbar switch inserted in series with the...stepped through all possible 64-bit patterns . Several options are available as to how the polymorphic key is used. One method would be to have the...circuit. A summary of the information that is learned about Circuit 2 is given in Table 9. Note that unlike the adder, in which the ordering of the

  16. Low power and compact reconfigurable multiplexing devices based on silicon microring resonators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Po; Qian, Wei; Liang, Hong; Shafiiha, Roshanak; Feng, Ning-Ning; Feng, Dazeng; Zheng, Xuezhe; Krishnamoorthy, Ashok V; Asghari, Mehdi

    2010-05-10

    We present thermally reconfigurable multiplexing devices based on silicon microring resonators with low tuning power and low thermal crosstalk. Micro-heaters on top of the rings are employed to tune the resonant wavelengths through the thermo-optic effect of silicon. We achieve a low tuning power of 21 mW per free spectral range for a single ring by exploiting thermal isolation trenches close to the ring waveguides. Negligible thermal crosstalk is demonstrated for rings spaced by 15 microm, enabling compact multiplexing devices. The tuning time constant is demonstrated to be less than 10 micros.

  17. Implementation of Karp-Rabin string matching algorithm in reconfigurable hardware for network intrusion prevention system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botwicz, Jakub; Buciak, Piotr; Sapiecha, Piotr

    2006-03-01

    Intrusion Prevention Systems (IPSs) have become widely recognized as a powerful tool and an important element of IT security safeguards. The essential feature of network IPSs is searching through network packets and matching multiple strings, that are fingerprints of known attacks. String matching is highly resource consuming and also the most significant bottleneck of IPSs. In this article an extension of the classical Karp-Rabin algorithm and its implementation architectures were examined. The result is a software, which generates a source code of a string matching module in hardware description language, that could be easily used to create an Intrusion Prevention System implemented in reconfigurable hardware. The prepared module matches the complete set of Snort IPS signatures achieving throughput of over 2 Gbps on an Altera Stratix I1 evaluation board. The most significant advantage of the proposed architecture is that the update of the patterns database does not require reconfiguration of the circuitry.

  18. Electrolytic reduction of liquid metal oxides and its application to reconfigurable structured devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jinqi; Appusamy, Kanagasundar; Guruswamy, Sivaraman; Nahata, Ajay

    2015-03-02

    Structured metallic patterns are routinely used for a wide variety of applications, ranging from electronic circuits to plasmonics and metamaterials. Numerous techniques have been developed for the fabrication of these devices, in which the metal patterns are typically formed using conventional metals. While this approach has proven very successful, it does generally limit the ability to reconfigure the geometry of the overall device. Here, we demonstrate the ability to create artificially structured metallic devices using liquid metals, in which the configuration can be altered via the electrolysis of saline solutions or deionized water. We accomplish this using an elastomeric mold with two different sets of embedded microfluidic channels that are patterned and injected with EGaIn and water, respectively. The electrochemical reaction is then used to etch the thin oxide layer that forms on eutectic gallium indium (EGaIn) in a controlled reproducible manner. Once the oxide layer is dissolved locally, the underlying liquid metal retracts away from the original position to a position where a new stable oxide layer can reform, which is equivalent to erasing a section of the liquid metal. To allow for full reconfigurability, the entire device can be reset by refilling all of the microchannels with EGaIn.

  19. DESIGN & IMPLEMENTATION OF RECONFIGURABLE FRONT END FOR MIMO-OFDM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VEENA M.B.

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on design, implement and optimization of digital front end module of Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO-Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM system on FPGA employing Alamouti Technique (Space Time Block coding. MIMO-OFDM can very effectively be used to achieve higher data rate’s and higher reliability and this is going to be the Key for 4G Technology. MIMO -OFDM designed in this work consists of Input/Output Memory, 16 QAM Modulator, MIMO Encoder (Space Time Encoder, Wireless Channel Model, MIMO Decoder Space Time Decoder and 16 QAM Demodulator. This paper has resulted in the development of a hardware prototype of a MIMO Transmitter, Receiver and channel, which is implemented on a Spartan-3 FPGA board. As the number format adopted is floating point,there was a need to develop a separate function which will show the equivalent real numbers for the corresponding floating point number. This made the task of debugging a lot easier. Test benches for individual model were developed and tested it for its correct functionality. The functional simulation was carried out for the entire design. The entire design was mapped on to FPGA. The results were compared with the MATLAB results and were found to be the same.

  20. Implementation of re-configurable Digital front end module of MIMO-OFDM module using NCO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veena M.B.

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on FPGA implementation of Reconfigurable Digital Front end MIMO-OFDM module. The modeling of the MIMO-OFDM system was carried out in MATLAB followed by Verilog HDL implementation. Unlike the conventional OFDM based systems, the Numerically Controlled Oscillators (NCO is used for mapping modulated data onto the sub carriers. The use of NCO in the MIMO-OFDM system reduces the resource utilization of the design on FPGA along with reduced power consumption. The major modules that were designed, which constitute the digital front end module, are Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK modulator/demodulator, 16-Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM modulator/demodulator and NCOs. Each of the modules was tested for their functionality by developing corresponding test benches. In order to achieve real time reconfigurability of the proposed architecture, the proposed approach is realized on FPGAs optimizing area, power and speed. Reconfigurability of the proposed approach is dependent upon user requirement. Hence the proposed approach can support future generation communication technologies that are based on MIMO-OFDM.

  1. Reconfigurable network processing platforms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kachris, C.

    2007-01-01

    This dissertation presents our investigation on how to efficiently exploit reconfigurable hardware to design flexible, high performance, and power efficient network devices capable to adapt to varying processing requirements of network applications and traffic. The proposed reconfigurable network pr

  2. An Ionic-Polymer-Metallic Composite Actuator for Reconfigurable Antennas in Mobile Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Chen Lin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a new application of an electro-active-polymer for a radio frequency (RF switch is presented. We used an ionic polymer metallic composite (IPMC switch to change the operating frequency of an inverted-F antenna. This switch is light in weight, small in volume, and low in cost. In addition, the IPMC is suitable for mobile devices because of its driving voltage of 3 volts and thickness of 200 μm. The IPMC acts as a normally-on switch to control the operating frequency of a reconfigurable antenna in mobile phones. We experimentally demonstrated by network analysis that the IPMC switch could shift its operating frequency from 1.1 to 2.1 GHz, with return losses of than −10 dB at both frequencies. To minimize electrolysis and maximize the operation time in air, propylene carbonate electrolyte with lithium perchlorate (LiClO4 was applied inside the IPMC. The results showed that when the IPMC was actuated over three months at 3.5 V, the tip displacement fell by less than 10%. Therefore, an IPMC actuator is a promising choice for application to a reconfigurable antenna.

  3. An ionic-polymer-metallic composite actuator for reconfigurable antennas in mobile devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yi-Chen; Yu, Chung-Yi; Li, Chung-Min; Liu, Chin-Heng; Chen, Jiun-Peng; Chu, Tah-Hsiung; Su, Guo-Dung John

    2014-01-06

    In this paper, a new application of an electro-active-polymer for a radio frequency (RF) switch is presented. We used an ionic polymer metallic composite (IPMC) switch to change the operating frequency of an inverted-F antenna. This switch is light in weight, small in volume, and low in cost. In addition, the IPMC is suitable for mobile devices because of its driving voltage of 3 volts and thickness of 200 μm. The IPMC acts as a normally-on switch to control the operating frequency of a reconfigurable antenna in mobile phones. We experimentally demonstrated by network analysis that the IPMC switch could shift its operating frequency from 1.1 to 2.1 GHz, with return losses of than -10 dB at both frequencies. To minimize electrolysis and maximize the operation time in air, propylene carbonate electrolyte with lithium perchlorate (LiClO₄) was applied inside the IPMC. The results showed that when the IPMC was actuated over three months at 3.5 V, the tip displacement fell by less than 10%. Therefore, an IPMC actuator is a promising choice for application to a reconfigurable antenna.

  4. FPGA Implementation of a Reconfigurable Viterbi Decoder for WiMAX Receiver

    CERN Document Server

    Shaker, Sherif Welsen; Shehata, Khaled Ali; 10.1109/ICM.2009.5418636

    2010-01-01

    Field Programmable Gate Array technology (FPGA) is a highly configurable option for implementing many sophisticated signal processing tasks in Software Defined Radios (SDRs). Those types of radios are realized using highly configurable hardware platforms. Convolutional codes are used in every robust digital communication system and Viterbi algorithm is employed in wireless communications to decode the convolutional codes. Such decoders are complex and dissipate large amount of power. In this paper, a low power-reconfigurable Viterbi decoder for WiMAX receiver is described using a VHDL code for FPGA implementation. The proposed design is implemented on Xilinx Virtex-II Pro, XC2vpx30 FPGA using the FPGA Advantage Pro package provided by Mentor Graphics and ISE 10.1 by Xilinx.

  5. Implementation of Adaptive Digital Controllers on Programmable Logic Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gwaltney, David A.; King, Kenneth D.; Smith, Keary J.; Monenegro, Justino (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    Much has been made of the capabilities of FPGA's (Field Programmable Gate Arrays) in the hardware implementation of fast digital signal processing. Such capability also makes an FPGA a suitable platform for the digital implementation of closed loop controllers. Other researchers have implemented a variety of closed-loop digital controllers on FPGA's. Some of these controllers include the widely used proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller, state space controllers, neural network and fuzzy logic based controllers. There are myriad advantages to utilizing an FPGA for discrete-time control functions which include the capability for reconfiguration when SRAM-based FPGA's are employed, fast parallel implementation of multiple control loops and implementations that can meet space level radiation tolerance requirements in a compact form-factor. Generally, a software implementation on a DSP (Digital Signal Processor) or microcontroller is used to implement digital controllers. At Marshall Space Flight Center, the Control Electronics Group has been studying adaptive discrete-time control of motor driven actuator systems using digital signal processor (DSP) devices. While small form factor, commercial DSP devices are now available with event capture, data conversion, pulse width modulated (PWM) outputs and communication peripherals, these devices are not currently available in designs and packages which meet space level radiation requirements. In general, very few DSP devices are produced that are designed to meet any level of radiation tolerance or hardness. The goal of this effort is to create a fully digital, flight ready controller design that utilizes an FPGA for implementation of signal conditioning for control feedback signals, generation of commands to the controlled system, and hardware insertion of adaptive control algorithm approaches. An alternative is required for compact implementation of such functionality to withstand the harsh environment

  6. Reconfiguration-based implementation of SVM classifier on FPGA for Classifying Microarray data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussain, Hanaa M; Benkrid, Khaled; Seker, Huseyin

    2013-01-01

    Classifying Microarray data, which are of high dimensional nature, requires high computational power. Support Vector Machines-based classifier (SVM) is among the most common and successful classifiers used in the analysis of Microarray data but also requires high computational power due to its complex mathematical architecture. Implementing SVM on hardware exploits the parallelism available within the algorithm kernels to accelerate the classification of Microarray data. In this work, a flexible, dynamically and partially reconfigurable implementation of the SVM classifier on Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) is presented. The SVM architecture achieved up to 85× speed-up over equivalent general purpose processor (GPP) showing the capability of FPGAs in enhancing the performance of SVM-based analysis of Microarray data as well as future bioinformatics applications.

  7. Code generator for implementing dual tree complex wavelet transform on reconfigurable architectures for mobile applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canbay, Ferhat; Levent, Vecdi Emre; Serbes, Gorkem; Ugurdag, H Fatih; Goren, Sezer; Aydin, Nizamettin

    2016-09-01

    The authors aimed to develop an application for producing different architectures to implement dual tree complex wavelet transform (DTCWT) having near shift-invariance property. To obtain a low-cost and portable solution for implementing the DTCWT in multi-channel real-time applications, various embedded-system approaches are realised. For comparison, the DTCWT was implemented in C language on a personal computer and on a PIC microcontroller. However, in the former approach portability and in the latter desired speed performance properties cannot be achieved. Hence, implementation of the DTCWT on a reconfigurable platform such as field programmable gate array, which provides portable, low-cost, low-power, and high-performance computing, is considered as the most feasible solution. At first, they used the system generator DSP design tool of Xilinx for algorithm design. However, the design implemented by using such tools is not optimised in terms of area and power. To overcome all these drawbacks mentioned above, they implemented the DTCWT algorithm by using Verilog Hardware Description Language, which has its own difficulties. To overcome these difficulties, simplify the usage of proposed algorithms and the adaptation procedures, a code generator program that can produce different architectures is proposed.

  8. On Ladder Diagrams Compilation and Synthesis to FPGA Implemented Reconfigurable Logic Controller

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Milik

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents synthesis process of a hardware implemented reconfigurable logic controller from a ladder diagram according to IEC61131-3 requirements. It is focused on the originally developed a high-performance LD processing method. It is able to process a set of diagrams restricted to logic operations in a single clock cycle independently from the number of processed rungs. The paper considers the compilation of the ladder diagram into an intermediate form suitable for logic synthesis process according to developed processing method. The enhanced data flow graph (EDFG has been developed for the intermediate representation of an LD program. The original construction of the EDFG with attributed edges has been described. It allows for efficient representation and processing of logic and arithmetic formulas. The set of compilation algorithms that allow to preserve serial analysis order and to obtain massively parallel processing unit are presented. The overview of a hardware mapping concludes the presented considerations.

  9. A First Step Towards High-Level Cost Models for the Implementation of SDRs on Multiprocessing Reconfigurable Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Le Moullec, Yannick

    2011-01-01

    -In-Progress paper we introduce our set of high-level estimation models for Area-Time costs of applications mapped onto FPGA-based multiprocessing reconfigurable architectures. In particular, we suggest models for static and dynamic implementations, taking various internal and external architectural elements...

  10. Understanding perspectives on major system change: A comparative case study of public engagement and the implementation of urgent and emergency care system reconfiguration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley, Conor; Droog, Elsa; Healy, Orla; McHugh, Sheena; Buckley, Claire; Browne, John Patrick

    2017-07-01

    Major changes have been made to how emergency care services are configured in several regions in the Republic of Ireland. This study investigated the hypothesis that engagement activities undertaken prior to these changes influenced stakeholder perspectives on the proposed changes and impacted on the success of implementation. A comparative case-study approach was used to explore the changes in three regions. These regions were chosen for the case study as the nature of the proposals to reconfigure care provision were broadly similar but implementation outcomes varied considerably. Documentary analysis of reconfiguration planning reports was used to identify planned public engagement activities. Semi-structured interviews with 74 purposively-sampled stakeholders explored their perspectives on reconfiguration, engagement activities and public responses to reconfiguration. Framework analysis was used, integrating inductive and deductive approaches. Approaches to public engagement and success of implementation differed considerably across the three cases. Regions that presented the public with the reconfiguration plan alone reported greater public opposition and difficulty in implementing changes. Engagement activities that included a range of stakeholders and continued throughout the reconfiguration process appeared to largely address public concerns, contributing to smoother implementation. The presentation of reconfiguration reports alone is not enough to convince communities of the case for change. Genuine, ongoing and inclusive engagement offers the best opportunity to address community concerns about reconfiguration. Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Reconfigurable VLSI implementation for learning vector quantization with on-chip learning circuit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiangyu; An, Fengwei; Chen, Lei; Jürgen Mattausch, Hans

    2016-04-01

    As an alternative to conventional single-instruction-multiple-data (SIMD) mode solutions with massive parallelism for self-organizing-map (SOM) neural network models, this paper reports a memory-based proposal for the learning vector quantization (LVQ), which is a variant of SOM. A dual-mode LVQ system, enabling both on-chip learning and classification, is implemented by using a reconfigurable pipeline with parallel p-word input (R-PPPI) architecture. As a consequence of the reuse of R-PPPI for solving the most severe computational demands in both modes, power dissipation and Si-area consumption can be dramatically reduced in comparison to previous LVQ implementations. In addition, the designed LVQ ASIC has high flexibility with respect to feature-vector dimensionality and reference-vector number, allowing the execution of many different machine-learning applications. The fabricated test chip in 180 nm CMOS with parallel 8-word inputs and 102 K-bit on-chip memory achieves low power consumption of 66.38 mW (at 75 MHz and 1.8 V) and high learning speed of (R + 1) × \\lceil d/8 \\rceil + 10 clock cycles per d-dimensional sample vector where R is the reference-vector number.

  12. Reconfigurable transceiver architecture for multiband RF-frontends

    CERN Document Server

    Gonzalez Rodriguez, Erick

    2016-01-01

      This book investigates and discusses the hardware design and implementation to achieve smart air interfaces with a reduced number of Radio Frequency (RF) transmitter and receiver chains, or even with a single reconfigurable RF-Frontend in the user terminal. Various hardware challenges are identified and addressed to enable the implementation of autonomous reconfigurable RF-Frontend architectures. Such challenges are (i) the conception of a transceiver with wide tuning range of at least up to 6 GHz, (ii) the system integration of reconfigurable technologies targeting current compact devices that demand voltages up to 100 V for adaptive controlling and (iii) the realization of a multiband and multistandard antenna module employing agile components to provide flexible frequency coverage. A solid design of a reconfigurable frontend is proposed from the RF part to the digital baseband. The system integration of different components in the reconfigurable RF-Frontend of a portable-oriented device architecture is ...

  13. A First Step Towards High-Level Cost Models for the Implementation of SDRs on Multiprocessing Reconfigurable Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Le Moullec, Yannick

    2011-01-01

    VLSI technological advances provide designers with more and more powerful and flexible platforms such as reconfigurable heterogeneous multiprocessing systems based on FPGAs. At the same time, the applications which are to be implemented onto such platforms are increasingly more and more complex...... into account. We believe that such models could be used for rapidly comparing implementation alternatives at a high level of abstraction and for guiding the designer during the (pre)analysis phase of the design flow for the implementation of e.g. SDR platforms....

  14. Implementation of Reconfigurable Manufacturing Systems, the Case of The LEGO Group

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Ying; Bilberg, Arne; Hadar, Ronen

    of reconfigurable manufacturing systems (RMS). A literature review is made to describe the advantages and core characteristics of RMS. Based on the theory, a conceptual model is developed to analyze where RMS would be most suitable and have most benefits in The LEGO Group. Finally, the conclusion is drawn based...... on the analysis through the model. Keywords: Reconfigurable Manufacturing Systems, Conceptual Model of RMS, Production of The LEGO Group...

  15. A reconfigurable waveguide for energy-efficient transmission and local manipulation of information in a nanomagnetic device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haldar, Arabinda; Kumar, Dheeraj; Adeyeye, Adekunle Olusola

    2016-05-01

    Spin-wave-based devices promise to usher in an era of low-power computing where information is carried by the precession of the electrons' spin instead of dissipative translation of their charge. This potential is, however, undermined by the need for a bias magnetic field, which must remain powered on to maintain an anisotropic device characteristic. Here, we propose a reconfigurable waveguide design that can transmit and locally manipulate spin waves without the need for any external bias field once initialized. We experimentally demonstrate the transmission of spin waves in straight as well as curved waveguides without a bias field, which has been elusive so far. Furthermore, we experimentally show a binary gating of the spin-wave signal by controlled switching of the magnetization, locally, in the waveguide. The results have potential implications in high-density integration and energy-efficient operation of nanomagnetic devices at room temperature.

  16. Reconfigurable ultra-thin film GDNMOS device for ESD protection in 28 nm FD-SOI technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Athanasiou, Sotirios; Legrand, Charles-Alexandre; Cristoloveanu, Sorin; Galy, Philippe

    2017-02-01

    We propose a novel ESD protection device (GDNMOS: Gated Diode merged NMOS) fabricated with 28 nm UTBB FD-SOI high-k metal gate technology. By modifying the combination of the diode and transistor gate stacks, the robustness of the device is optimized, achieving a maximum breakdown voltage (VBR) of 4.9 V. In addition, modifications of the gate length modulate the trigger voltage (Vt1) with a minimum value of 3.5 V. Variable electrostatic doping (gate-induced) in diode and transistor body enables reconfigurable operation. A lower doping of the base enhances the bipolar gain, leading to thyristor behavior. This innovative architecture demonstrates excellent capability for high-voltage protection while maintaining a latch-up free behavior.

  17. Design of reconfigurable logic controllers

    CERN Document Server

    Bukowiec, Arkadiusz; Doligalski, Michał; Tkacz, Jacek

    2016-01-01

    This book presents the original concepts and modern techniques for specification, synthesis, optimisation and implementation of parallel logical control devices. It deals with essential problems of reconfigurable control systems like dependability, modularity and portability. Reconfigurable systems require a wider variety of design and verification options than the application-specific integrated circuits. The book presents a comprehensive selection of possible design techniques. The diversity of the modelling approaches covers Petri nets, state machines and activity diagrams. The preferences of the presented optimization and synthesis methods are not limited to increasing of the efficiency of resource use. One of the biggest advantages of the presented methods is the platform independence, the FPGA devices and single board computers are some of the examples of possible platforms. These issues and problems are illustrated with practical cases of complete control systems. If you expect a new look at the recon...

  18. Dynamic partial reconfiguration implementation of the SVM/KNN multi-classifier on FPGA for bioinformatics application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussain, Hanaa M; Benkrid, Khaled; Seker, Huseyin

    2015-01-01

    Bioinformatics data tend to be highly dimensional in nature thus impose significant computational demands. To resolve limitations of conventional computing methods, several alternative high performance computing solutions have been proposed by scientists such as Graphical Processing Units (GPUs) and Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs). The latter have shown to be efficient and high in performance. In recent years, FPGAs have been benefiting from dynamic partial reconfiguration (DPR) feature for adding flexibility to alter specific regions within the chip. This work proposes combing the use of FPGAs and DPR to build a dynamic multi-classifier architecture that can be used in processing bioinformatics data. In bioinformatics, applying different classification algorithms to the same dataset is desirable in order to obtain comparable, more reliable and consensus decision, but it can consume long time when performed on conventional PC. The DPR implementation of two common classifiers, namely support vector machines (SVMs) and K-nearest neighbor (KNN) are combined together to form a multi-classifier FPGA architecture which can utilize specific region of the FPGA to work as either SVM or KNN classifier. This multi-classifier DPR implementation achieved at least ~8x reduction in reconfiguration time over the single non-DPR classifier implementation, and occupied less space and hardware resources than having both classifiers. The proposed architecture can be extended to work as an ensemble classifier.

  19. Image processing using reconfigurable FPGAs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferguson, Lee

    1996-10-01

    The use of reconfigurable field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) for imaging applications show considerable promise to fill the gap that often occurs when digital signal processor chips fail to meet performance specifications. Single chip DSPs do not have the overall performance to meet the needs of many imaging applications, particularly in real-time designs. Using multiple DSPs to boost performance often presents major design challenges in maintaining data alignment and process synchronization. These challenges can impose serious cost, power consumption and board space penalties. Image processing requires manipulating massive amounts of data at high-speed. Although DSP chips can process data at high-speeds, their architectures can inhibit overall system performance in real-time imaging. The rate of operations can be increased when they are performed in dedicated hardware, such as special-purpose imaging devices and FPGAs, which provides the horsepower necessary to implement real-time image processing products successfully and cost-effectively. For many fixed applications, non-SRAM- based (antifuse or flash-based) FPGAs provide the raw speed to accomplish standard high-speed functions. However, in applications where algorithms are continuously changing and compute operations must be modified, only SRAM-based FPGAs give enough flexibility. The addition of reconfigurable FPGAs as a flexible hardware facility enables DSP chips to perform optimally. The benefits primarily stem from optimizing the hardware for the algorithms or the use of reconfigurable hardware to enhance the product architecture. And with SRAM-based FPGAs that are capable of partial dynamic reconfiguration, such as the Cache-Logic FPGAs from Atmel, continuous modification of data and logic is not only possible, it is practical as well. First we review the particular demands of image processing. Then we present various applications and discuss strategies for exploiting the capabilities of

  20. Digital factory concept implementation for flexible and reconfigurable manufacturing systems modelling and analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Caggiano, Alessandra

    2010-01-01

    In modern manufacturing industry, the ever-changing turbulent environment as well as the strong competition among companies require manufacturing systems that are easily upgradable and into which new technologies can be readily integrated. Indispensable requirements for modern flexible and reconfigurable manufacturing systems are related to system responsiveness, that enables rapid launch of new product models, fast adjustment of the manufacturing system capacity to market demands, easy integ...

  1. Feasibility Study on Flexibly Reconfigurable Roll Forming Process for Sheet Metal and Its Implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun-Seok Yoon

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A multicurved sheet metal surface for a skin structure has usually been manufactured using a conventional die forming process involving the use of both a die and a press machine in accordance with the product shape. However, such processes are economically inefficient because additional production costs are incurred for the development and management of forming tools. To overcome this drawback, many alternative processes have been developed; however, these still suffer from problems due to defects such as dimples and wrinkles occurring in the sheet. In this study, a new sheet metal forming process called the flexibly reconfigurable roll forming (FRRF process is proposed as an alternative to existing processes. Unlike existing processes, FRRF can reduce additional production costs resulting from material loss and significantly reduce forming errors. Furthermore, it involves the use of a smaller apparatus. The methodology and applicable procedure of the FRRF process are described. Numerical forming simulations of representative multicurved sheet surfaces are conducted using FEM. In addition, a simple apparatus is developed for verifying the feasibility of this process, and a doubly curved metal is formed to verify the applicability of the reconfigurable roller, a critical component in this forming process.

  2. Implementation of an Optical-Wireless Network with Spectrum Sensing and Dynamic Resource Allocation Using Optically Controlled Reconfigurable Antennas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Raimundo-Neto

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This work proposes the concept and reports the implementation of an adaptive and cognitive radio over fiber architecture. It is aimed at dealing with the new demands for convergent networks by means of simultaneously providing the functionalities of multiband radiofrequency spectrum sensing, dynamic resource allocation, and centralized processing capability, as well as the use of optically controlled reconfigurable antennas and radio over fiber technology. The performance of this novel and innovative architecture has been evaluated in a geographically distributed optical-wireless network under real conditions and for different fiber lengths. Experimental results demonstrate reach extension of more than 40 times and an enhancement of more than 30 dB in the carrier to interference plus noise ratio parameter.

  3. Rapid Manufacturing of Reconfigurable Satellite Panels with Embedded Electronics, Embedded Thermal Devices, and Novel Structural Features

    OpenAIRE

    Young, Quinn; Stucker, Brent

    2006-01-01

    The Center for Advanced Satellite Manufacturing (CASM) at Utah State University has been investigating the use of new, advanced manufacturing technologies for the rapid manufacture of highly capable satellite panels. Using Ultrasonic Consolidation it is now possible to additively manufacture (a.k.a. rapid prototype) aluminum structures with embedded electronics, thermal devices, internal structural features, and fibers. CASM has built and tested embedded USB networks, electronic devices, ther...

  4. Optically Controlled Reconfigurable Filtenna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. G. Silva

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This work is regarding the development of a novel antenna called optically controlled reconfigurable filtenna, which is based on the integration of a broadband printed antenna with a bandpass reconfigurable RF filter. The filter is designed by applying defected microstrip structure (DMS technique and positioned in printed antenna feeding line in order to keep the same size of the original antenna. The filtenna bandwidth is optically reconfigurable by using two photoconductive silicon switches excited by CW laser at 808 nm. Numerical results rely on independent and switchable operational modes through the 2.4 and 5.1 GHz ISM bands, whereas measurements demonstrate two reconfigurable modes based on single-band/dual-band operation over the same frequency bands. The proposed device is validated by theoretical, numerical, and experimental results.

  5. Dynamically reconfigurable bio-inspired hardware

    OpenAIRE

    Upegui Posada, Andres Emilio

    2006-01-01

    During the last several years, reconfigurable computing devices have experienced an impressive development in their resource availability, speed, and configurability. Currently, commercial FPGAs offer the possibility of self-reconfiguring by partially modifying their configuration bitstream, providing high architectural flexibility, while guaranteeing high performance. These configurability features have received special interest from computer architects: one can find several reconfigurable c...

  6. Thiacalix[4]arene based reconfigurable molecular switches: set-reset memorized sequential device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Manoj; Kumar, Rajesh; Bhalla, Vandana

    2011-12-21

    The fluorescent chemosensors 3, 5 and 7 based on thiacalix[4]arene bearing naphthyl groups have been designed and synthesized. The optical chemosensor 3 based on a thiacalix[4]arene of cone conformation behaves as "turn-on" optical chemosensor for Fe(3+) and F(-) ions. However, chemosensors 5 and 7 based on a thiacalix[4]arene of 1,3-alternate conformation demonstrate "turn-on" optical behaviour for Hg(2+), F(-) ions (with receptor 5 as turn-on for K(+) ions also) and "turn-off" behaviour for Fe(3+) ions. The simultaneous presence of Fe(3+) and Hg(2+) or K(+) or F(-) ions results in formulation of reversible "on-off" switches. Various molecular logic gates developed in response to molecular switching between these chemical inputs have been integrated into sequential logic circuits with memory function in a feedback loop which mimics "set-reset" molecular level information processing device.

  7. The RFET—a reconfigurable nanowire transistor and its application to novel electronic circuits and systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikolajick, T.; Heinzig, A.; Trommer, J.; Baldauf, T.; Weber, W. M.

    2017-04-01

    With CMOS scaling reaching physical limits in the next decade, new approaches are required to enhance the functionality of electronic systems. Reconfigurability on the device level promises to realize more complex systems with a lower device count. In the last five years a number of interesting concepts have been proposed to realize such a device level reconfiguration. Among these the reconfigurable field effect transistor (RFET), a device that can be configured between an n-channel and p-channel behavior by applying an electrical signal, can be considered as an end-of-roadmap extension of current technology with only small modifications and even simplifications to the process flow. This article gives a review on the RFET basics and current status. In the first sections state-of-the-art of reconfigurable devices will be summarized and the RFET will be introduced together with related devices based on silicon nanowire technology. The device optimization with respect to device symmetry and performance will be discussed next. The potential of the RFET device technology will then be shown by discussing selected circuit implementations making use of the unique advantages of this device concept. The basic device concept was also extended towards applications in flexible devices and sensors, also extending the capabilities towards so-called More-than-Moore applications where new functionalities are implemented in CMOS-based processes. Finally, the prospects of RFET device technology will be discussed.

  8. Implementation and Reconfiguration of Robot Operating System on Human Follower Transporter Robot

    OpenAIRE

    Addythia Saphala; Prianggada Indra Tanaya

    2015-01-01

    Robotic Operation System (ROS) is an im- portant platform to develop robot applications. One area of applications is for development of a Human Follower Transporter Robot (HFTR), which  can  be  considered  as a custom mobile robot utilizing differential driver steering method and equipped with Kinect sensor. This study discusses the development of the robot navigation system by implementing Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM).

  9. Implementation and Reconfiguration of Robot Operating System on Human Follower Transporter Robot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Addythia Saphala

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Robotic Operation System (ROS is an im- portant platform to develop robot applications. One area of applications is for development of a Human Follower Transporter Robot (HFTR, which  can  be  considered  as a custom mobile robot utilizing differential driver steering method and equipped with Kinect sensor. This study discusses the development of the robot navigation system by implementing Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM.

  10. An architecture for the efficient implementation of compressive sampling reconstruction algorithms in reconfigurable hardware

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortiz, Fernando E.; Kelmelis, Eric J.; Arce, Gonzalo R.

    2007-04-01

    According to the Shannon-Nyquist theory, the number of samples required to reconstruct a signal is proportional to its bandwidth. Recently, it has been shown that acceptable reconstructions are possible from a reduced number of random samples, a process known as compressive sampling. Taking advantage of this realization has radical impact on power consumption and communication bandwidth, crucial in applications based on small/mobile/unattended platforms such as UAVs and distributed sensor networks. Although the benefits of these compression techniques are self-evident, the reconstruction process requires the solution of nonlinear signal processing algorithms, which limit applicability in portable and real-time systems. In particular, (1) the power consumption associated with the difficult computations offsets the power savings afforded by compressive sampling, and (2) limited computational power prevents these algorithms to maintain pace with the data-capturing sensors, resulting in undesirable data loss. FPGA based computers offer low power consumption and high computational capacity, providing a solution to both problems simultaneously. In this paper, we present an architecture that implements the algorithms central to compressive sampling in an FPGA environment. We start by studying the computational profile of the convex optimization algorithms used in compressive sampling. Then we present the design of a pixel pipeline suitable for FPGA implementation, able to compute these algorithms.

  11. Reconfigurable nanowire electronics - A review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, W. M.; Heinzig, A.; Trommer, J.; Martin, D.; Grube, M.; Mikolajick, T.

    2014-12-01

    Reconfigurable nanowire transistors merge the electrical properties of unipolar n- and p-type FETs into a single type of device with identic technology, geometry and composition. These four-terminal nanowire transistors employ an electric signal to dynamically program unipolar n- or p-type behavior. More than reducing the technological complexity, they open up the possibility of dynamically programming the functions of circuits at the device level, i.e. enabling a fine-grain reconfiguration of complex functions. We will review different reconfigurable concepts, analyze the transport properties and finally assess their maturity for building circuits.

  12. A memory efficient implementation scheme of Gauss error function in a Laguerre-Volterra network for neuroprosthetic devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Will X Y; Cui, Ke; Zhang, Wei

    2017-04-01

    Cognitive neural prosthesis is a manmade device which can be used to restore or compensate for lost human cognitive modalities. The generalized Laguerre-Volterra (GLV) network serves as a robust mathematical underpinning for the development of such prosthetic instrument. In this paper, a hardware implementation scheme of Gauss error function for the GLV network targeting reconfigurable platforms is reported. Numerical approximations are formulated which transform the computation of nonelementary function into combinational operations of elementary functions, and memory-intensive look-up table (LUT) based approaches can therefore be circumvented. The computational precision can be made adjustable with the utilization of an error compensation scheme, which is proposed based on the experimental observation of the mathematical characteristics of the error trajectory. The precision can be further customizable by exploiting the run-time characteristics of the reconfigurable system. Compared to the polynomial expansion based implementation scheme, the utilization of slice LUTs, occupied slices, and DSP48E1s on a Xilinx XC6VLX240T field-programmable gate array has decreased by 94.2%, 94.1%, and 90.0%, respectively. While compared to the look-up table based scheme, 1.0×10(17) bits of storage can be spared under the maximum allowable error of 1.0×10(-3). The proposed implementation scheme can be employed in the study of large-scale neural ensemble activity and in the design and development of neural prosthetic device.

  13. Reconfiguring trade mark law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elsmore, Matthew James

    2013-01-01

    -border setting, with a particular focus on small business and consumers. The article's overall message is to call for a rethink of received wisdom suggesting that trade marks are effective trade-enabling devices. The case is made for reassessing how we think about European trade mark law.......First, this article argues that trade mark law should be approached in a supplementary way, called reconfiguration. Second, the article investigates such a reconfiguration of trade mark law by exploring the interplay of trade marks and service transactions in the Single Market, in the cross...

  14. Reconfigurable antennas

    CERN Document Server

    Bernhard, Jennifer

    2007-01-01

    This lecture explores the emerging area of reconfigurable antennas from basic concepts that provide insight into fundamental design approaches to advanced techniques and examples that offer important new capabilities for next-generation applications. Antennas are necessary and critical components of communication and radar systems, but sometimes their inability to adjust to new operating scenarios can limit system performance. Making antennas reconfigurable so that their behavior can adapt with changing system requirements or environmental conditions can ameliorate or eliminate these restricti

  15. Reconfiguration of Analog Electronics for Extreme Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoica, Adrian; Zebulum, Ricardo; Keymeulen, Didier; Guo, Xin

    2005-01-01

    This paper argues in favor of adaptive reconfiguration as a technique to expand the operational envelope of analog electronics for extreme environments (EE). On a reconfigurable device, although component parameters change in EE, as long as devices still operate, albeit degraded, a new circuit design, suitable for new parameter values, may be mapped into the reconfigurable structure to recover the initial circuit function. Laboratory demonstrations of this technique were performed by JPL in several independent experiments in which bulk CMOS reconfgurable devices were exposed to, and degraded by, high temperatures (approx.300 C) or radiation (300kRad TID), and then recovered by adaptive reconfiguration using evolutionary search algorithms.

  16. Practical design control implementation for medical devices

    CERN Document Server

    Justiniano, Jose

    2003-01-01

    Bringing together the concepts of design control and reliability engineering, this book is a must for medical device manufacturers. It helps them meet the challenge of designing and developing products that meet or exceed customer expectations and also meet regulatory requirements. Part One covers motivation for design control and validation, design control requirements, process validation and design transfer, quality system for design control, and measuring design control program effectiveness. Part Two discusses risk analysis and FMEA, designing-in reliability, reliability and design verific

  17. Reconfigurable Computing

    CERN Document Server

    Cardoso, Joao MP

    2011-01-01

    As the complexity of modern embedded systems increases, it becomes less practical to design monolithic processing platforms. As a result, reconfigurable computing is being adopted widely for more flexible design. Reconfigurable Computers offer the spatial parallelism and fine-grained customizability of application-specific circuits with the postfabrication programmability of software. To make the most of this unique combination of performance and flexibility, designers need to be aware of both hardware and software issues. FPGA users must think not only about the gates needed to perform a comp

  18. Innovations in major system reconfiguration in England: a study of the effectiveness, acceptability and processes of implementation of two models of stroke care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fulop Naomi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Significant changes in provision of clinical care within the English National Health Service (NHS have been discussed in recent years, with proposals to concentrate specialist services in fewer centres. Stroke is a major public health issue, accounting for over 10% of deaths in England and Wales, and much disability among survivors. Variations have been highlighted in stroke care, with many patients not receiving evidence-based care. To address these concerns, stroke services in London and Greater Manchester were reorganised, although different models were implemented. This study will analyse processes involved in making significant changes to stroke care services over a short time period, and the factors influencing these processes. We will examine whether the changes have delivered improvements in quality of care and patient outcomes; and, in light of this, whether the significant extra financial investment represented good value for money. Methods/design This study brings together quantitative data on ‘what works and at what cost?’ with qualitative data on ‘understanding implementation and sustainability’ to understand major system change in two large conurbations in England. Data on processes of care and their outcomes (e.g. morbidity, mortality, and cost will be analysed to evidence services’ performance before and after reconfiguration. The evaluation draws on theories related to the dissemination and sustainability of innovations and the ‘social matrix’ underlying processes of innovation. We will conduct a series of case studies based on stakeholder interviews and documentary analysis. These will identify drivers for change, how the reconfigurations were governed, developed, and implemented, and how they influenced service quality. Discussion The research faces challenges due to: the different timings of the reconfigurations; the retrospective nature of the evaluation; and the current organisational

  19. Reconfigurable Parallel Data Flow Architecture

    CERN Document Server

    Naji, Hamid Reza

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a reconfigurable parallel data flow architecture. This architecture uses the concepts of multi-agent paradigm in reconfigurable hardware systems. The utilization of this new paradigm has the potential to greatly increase the flexibility, efficiency, expandability of data flow systems and to provide an attractive alternative to the current set of disjoint approaches that are currently applied to this problem domain. The ability of methodology to implement data flow type processing with different models is presented in this paper.

  20. Reconfiguration of Mobile Robot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashish K. Thakre

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Dynamic Partial Reconfiguration (DPR of FPGAs presents many opportunities for application design flexibility, enabling tasks to dynamically swap in and out of the FPGA without entire system interruption. In this paper, we will implement a line follower robot for the white line as well as for black line; both these modules will be programmed in VHDL. The robot will dynamically reconfigure the FPGA in the run-time while the robot senses black line after white line or vice-versa. This design includes two modules one is static and the other is partially reconfigurable regions (PRR which is a dynamic region. The controllers are the static modules used for controlling the flow of data to and from the reconfigurable modules to the external world (host environment through busmacros. Whereas white line and black line modules are designed as dynamic modules. Different hardware modules will be used such as Sensors and actuators , all these modules will be interfaced using FPGA controller. The speed of motor is controlled using pulse width modulation (PWM using VHDL

  1. MEMS-Reconfigurable Metamaterials and Antenna Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomislav Debogovic

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews some of our contributions to reconfigurable metamaterials, where dynamic control is enabled by microelectromechanical systems (MEMS technology. First, we show reconfigurable composite right-/left-handed transmission lines (CRLH-TLs having state of the art phase velocity variation and loss, thereby enabling efficient reconfigurable phase shifters and leaky-wave antennas (LWA. Second, we present very low loss metasurface designs with reconfigurable reflection properties, applicable in reflectarrays and partially reflective surface (PRS antennas. All the presented devices have been fabricated and experimentally validated. They operate in X- and Ku-bands.

  2. MEMS-reconfigurable metamaterials and antenna applications

    CERN Document Server

    Debogovic, Tomislav

    2014-01-01

    This paper reviews some of our contributions to reconfigurable metamaterials, where dynamic control is enabled by micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) technology. First, we show reconfigurable composite right/left handed transmission lines (CRLH-TLs) having state of the art phase velocity variation and loss, thereby enabling efficient reconfigurable phase shifters and leaky-wave antennas (LWA). Second, we present very low loss metasurface designs with reconfigurable reflection properties, applicable in reflectarrays and partially reflective surface (PRS) antennas. All the presented devices have been fabricated and experimentally validated. They operate in X- and Ku-bands.

  3. Efficient Runtime Management of Reconfigurable Hardware Resources

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marconi, T.

    2011-01-01

    Runtime reconfigurable systems built upon devices with partial reconfiguration can provide reduction in overall hardware area, power efficiency, and economic cost in addition to the performance improvements due to better customization. However, the users of such systems have to be able to afford som

  4. Graphene-based Yagi-Uda antenna with reconfigurable radiation patterns

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, Yongle, E-mail: wuyongle138@gmail.com; Qu, Meijun; Jiao, Lingxiao; Liu, Yuanan [School of Electronic Engineering, Beijing Key Laboratory of Work Safety Intelligent Monitoring, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, P. O. Box. 282, Beijing, 100876 (China); Ghassemlooy, Zabih [Optical Communications Research Group, NCRLab, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 8ST (United Kingdom)

    2016-06-15

    This paper presents a radiation pattern reconfigurable Yagi-Uda antenna based on graphene operating at terahertz frequencies. The antenna can be reconfigured to change the main beam pattern into two or four different radiation directions. The proposed antenna consists of a driven dipole radiation conductor, parasitic strips and embedded graphene. The hybrid graphene-metal implementation enables the antenna to have dynamic surface conductivity, which can be tuned by changing the chemical potentials. Therefore, the main beam direction, the resonance frequency, and the front-to-back ratio of the proposed antenna can be controlled by tuning the chemical potentials of the graphene embedded in different positions. The proposed two-beam reconfigurable Yagi-Uda antenna can achieve excellent unidirectional symmetrical radiation pattern with the front-to-back ratio of 11.9 dB and the10-dB impedance bandwidth of 15%. The different radiation directivity of the two-beam reconfigurable antenna can be achieved by controlling the chemical potentials of the graphene embedded in the parasitic stubs. The achievable peak gain of the proposed two-beam reconfigurable antenna is about 7.8 dB. Furthermore, we propose a four-beam reconfigurable Yagi-Uda antenna, which has stable reflection-coefficient performance although four main beams in reconfigurable cases point to four totally different directions. The corresponding peak gain, front-to-back ratio, and 10-dB impedance bandwidth of the four-beam reconfigurable antenna are about 6.4 dB, 12 dB, and 10%, respectively. Therefore, this novel design method of reconfigurable antennas is extremely promising for beam-scanning in terahertz and mid-infrared plasmonic devices and systems.

  5. Graphene-based Yagi-Uda antenna with reconfigurable radiation patterns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongle Wu

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a radiation pattern reconfigurable Yagi-Uda antenna based on graphene operating at terahertz frequencies. The antenna can be reconfigured to change the main beam pattern into two or four different radiation directions. The proposed antenna consists of a driven dipole radiation conductor, parasitic strips and embedded graphene. The hybrid graphene-metal implementation enables the antenna to have dynamic surface conductivity, which can be tuned by changing the chemical potentials. Therefore, the main beam direction, the resonance frequency, and the front-to-back ratio of the proposed antenna can be controlled by tuning the chemical potentials of the graphene embedded in different positions. The proposed two-beam reconfigurable Yagi-Uda antenna can achieve excellent unidirectional symmetrical radiation pattern with the front-to-back ratio of 11.9 dB and the10-dB impedance bandwidth of 15%. The different radiation directivity of the two-beam reconfigurable antenna can be achieved by controlling the chemical potentials of the graphene embedded in the parasitic stubs. The achievable peak gain of the proposed two-beam reconfigurable antenna is about 7.8 dB. Furthermore, we propose a four-beam reconfigurable Yagi-Uda antenna, which has stable reflection-coefficient performance although four main beams in reconfigurable cases point to four totally different directions. The corresponding peak gain, front-to-back ratio, and 10-dB impedance bandwidth of the four-beam reconfigurable antenna are about 6.4 dB, 12 dB, and 10%, respectively. Therefore, this novel design method of reconfigurable antennas is extremely promising for beam-scanning in terahertz and mid-infrared plasmonic devices and systems.

  6. Lunar Applications in Reconfigurable Computing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somervill, Kevin

    2008-01-01

    NASA s Constellation Program is developing a lunar surface outpost in which reconfigurable computing will play a significant role. Reconfigurable systems provide a number of benefits over conventional software-based implementations including performance and power efficiency, while the use of standardized reconfigurable hardware provides opportunities to reduce logistical overhead. The current vision for the lunar surface architecture includes habitation, mobility, and communications systems, each of which greatly benefit from reconfigurable hardware in applications including video processing, natural feature recognition, data formatting, IP offload processing, and embedded control systems. In deploying reprogrammable hardware, considerations similar to those of software systems must be managed. There needs to be a mechanism for discovery enabling applications to locate and utilize the available resources. Also, application interfaces are needed to provide for both configuring the resources as well as transferring data between the application and the reconfigurable hardware. Each of these topics are explored in the context of deploying reconfigurable resources as an integral aspect of the lunar exploration architecture.

  7. A FPGA Implementation of JPEG Baseline Encoder for Wearable Devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yuecheng; Jia, Wenyan; Luan, Bo; Mao, Zhi-Hong; Zhang, Hong; Sun, Mingui

    2015-04-01

    In this paper, an efficient field-programmable gate array (FPGA) implementation of the JPEG baseline image compression encoder is presented for wearable devices in health and wellness applications. In order to gain flexibility in developing FPGA-specific software and balance between real-time performance and resources utilization, A High Level Synthesis (HLS) tool is utilized in our system design. An optimized dataflow configuration with a padding scheme simplifies the timing control for data transfer. Our experiments with a system-on-chip multi-sensor system have verified our FPGA implementation with respect to real-time performance, computational efficiency, and FPGA resource utilization.

  8. Towards Hardware implementation of video applications in new telecommunications devices

    CERN Document Server

    Touil, Lamjed; Mibaa, Abdellatif; Bourennane, Elbey

    2010-01-01

    Among the areas, most demanding in terms of calculation is the telecommunication and video applications are now included in several telecommunication devices such as set-top boxes, mobile phones. Embedded videos applications in new generations of telecommunication devices need a processing capacity that can not be achieved by the conventional processor, to work around this problem the use of programmable technology has a lot of interest. First, Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) present many performance benefits for real-time image processing applications. The FPGA structure is able to exploit spatial and temporal parallelism. In this paper, we present a new method for implementation of the Color Structure Descriptor (CSD) using the FPGA circuit. In fact the (CSD) provides satisfactory image indexing and retrieval results among all colorbased descriptors in MPEG-7. But the real time implementation of this descriptor is still having problems. In this paper we propose a method for adapting this descriptor f...

  9. Modular reconfigurable machine tools: design, control and evaluation

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Padayachee, J

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available -process capacity scaling. Scalable production capacity and adjustable system functionality are the key objectives of reconfigurable manufacturing. Index terms: Reconfigurable Manufacturing Systems, Modular Reconfigurable Machines, Open Architecture Control...] identify the fixed mechanical architectures and proprietary control systems found in CNC and DMT equipment as the specific drawback in effectively implementing these classes of equipment in RMS. Koren et al.[3] proposed the development of reconfigurable...

  10. Reconfigurable Threshold Logic Element with SET and MOS Transistors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEI Rong-Shan; CHEN Jin-Feng; CHEN Shou-Chang; HE Ming-Hua

    2012-01-01

    A novel reconfigurable threshold logic element (TLE) using single-electron transistors (SETs) and metal-oxide semiconductor (MOS) transistors is proposed.The proposed TLE is highly reconfigurable,which can perform all two-variable logic functions directly or indirectly,including OR,NOR,AND,NAND,XOR and XNOR.The reconfiguration of the TLE is realized by simply configuring the input bits without changing the device parameters.The design methodology can also be applied in the design of a multi-variable TLE.The reconfigurable TLE demonstrates good performance at room temperature with a compact structure and ultralow power dissipation.The reconfigurable TLE can be useful in high-density high-performance reconfigurable systems and artificial neural networks.%A novel reconfigurable threshold logic element (TLE) using single-electron transistors (SETs) and metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) transistors is proposed. The proposed TLE is highly reconfigurable, which can perform all two-variable logic functions directly or indirectly, including OR, NOR, AND, NAND, XOR and XNOR. The reconfiguration of the TLE is realized by simply configuring the input bits without changing the device parameters. The design methodology can also be applied in the design of a multi-variable TLE. The reconfigurable TLE demonstrates good performance at room temperature with a compact structure and ultralow power dissipation. The reconfigurable TLE can be useful in high-density high-performance reconfigurable systems and artificial neural networks.

  11. Implementing quantum Fourier transform with integrated photonic devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabia, Gelo Noel

    2014-03-01

    Many quantum algorithms that exhibit exponential speedup over their classical counterparts employ the quantum Fourier transform, which is used to solve interesting problems such as prime factorization. Meanwhile, nonclassical interference of single photons achieved on integrated platforms holds the promise of achieving large-scale quantum computation with multiport devices. An optical multiport device can be built to realize any quantum circuit as a sequence of unitary operations performed by beam splitters and phase shifters on path-encoded qudits. In this talk, I will present a recursive scheme for implementing quantum Fourier transform with a multimode interference photonic integrated circuit. Research at Perimeter Institute is supported by the Government of Canada through Industry Canada and by the Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research and Innovation.

  12. Implementation of a measurement-device-independent entanglement witness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Ping; Yuan, Xiao; Chen, Luo-Kan; Lu, He; Yao, Xing-Can; Ma, Xiongfeng; Chen, Yu-Ao; Pan, Jian-Wei

    2014-04-11

    Entanglement, the essential resource in quantum information processing, should be witnessed in many tasks such as quantum computing and quantum communication. The conventional entanglement witness method, relying on an idealized implementation of measurements, could wrongly conclude a separable state to be entangled due to imperfect detections. Inspired by the idea of a time-shift attack, we construct an attack on the conventional entanglement witness process and demonstrate that a separable state can be falsely identified to be entangled. To close such detection loopholes, based on a recently proposed measurement-device-independent entanglement witness method, we design and experimentally demonstrate a measurement-device-independent entanglement witness for a variety of two-qubit states. By the new scheme, we show that an entanglement witness can be realized without detection loopholes.

  13. Automatic HDL firmware generation for FPGA-based reconfigurable measurement and control systems with mezzanines in FMC standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wojenski, Andrzej; Kasprowicz, Grzegorz; Pozniak, Krzysztof T.; Romaniuk, Ryszard

    2013-10-01

    The paper describes a concept of automatic firmware generation for reconfigurable measurement systems, which uses FPGA devices and measurement cards in FMC standard. Following sections are described in details: automatic HDL code generation for FPGA devices, automatic communication interfaces implementation, HDL drivers for measurement cards, automatic serial connection between multiple measurement backplane boards, automatic build of memory map (address space), automatic generated firmware management. Presented solutions are required in many advanced measurement systems, like Beam Position Monitors or GEM detectors. This work is a part of a wider project for automatic firmware generation and management of reconfigurable systems. Solutions presented in this paper are based on previous publication in SPIE.

  14. An FPGA-based reconfigurable DDC algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juszczyk, B.; Kasprowicz, G.

    2016-09-01

    This paper describes implementation of reconfigurable digital down converter in an FPGA structure. System is designed to work with quadrature signals. One of the main criteria of the project was to provied wide range of reconfiguration in order to fulfill various application rage. Potential applications include: software defined radio receiver, passive noise radars and measurement data compression. This document contains general system overview, short description of hardware used in the project and gateware implementation.

  15. Reconfiguration of Analog Electronics for Extreme Environments: Problem or Solution?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoica, Adrian; Zebulum, Ricardo; Keymeulen, Didier; Guo, Xin

    2005-01-01

    This paper argues in favor of adaptive reconfiguration as a technique to expand the operational envelope of analog electronics for extreme environments (EE). In addition to hardening-by-process and hardening-by-design, "hardening-by-reconfiguration", when applicable, could be used to mitigate drifts, degradation, or damage on electronic devices (chips) in EE, by using re-configurable devices and an adaptive self-reconfiguration of their circuit topology. Conventional circuit design exploits device characteristics within a certain temperature/radiation range; when that is exceeded, the circuit function degrades. On a reconfigurable device, although component parameters change in EE, as long as devices still operate, albeit degraded, a new circuit design, suitable for new parameter values, may be mapped into the reconfigurable structure to recover the initial circuit function. Partly degraded resources are still used, while completely damaged resources are bypassed. Designs suitable for various environmental conditions can be determined prior to operation or can be determined in-situ, by adaptive reconfiguration algorithms running on built-in digital controllers. Laboratory demonstrations of this technique were performed by JPL in several independent experiments in which bulk CMOS reconfigurable devices were exposed to, and degraded by, low temperatures (approx. 196 C), high temperatures (approx.300 C) or radiation (300kRad TID), and then recovered by adaptive reconfiguration using evolutionary search algorithms. Taking this technology from Technology Readiness Level (TRL) 3 to TRL 5 is the target of a current NASA project.

  16. Realization of Reconfigurable Virtual Environments for Virtual Testing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wen-Yan Wu; Zheng-Xu Zhao

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents the design and implementation of reconfigurable virtual environments (VEs) for virtual testing. It proposes a hybrid design approach that is derived from a so-called integration and composition of the reconfiguration strategy. The designing process has thus evolved from binding virtual objects using reconfiguration rules within the context of virtual testing scenarios. Therefore reconfigurable virtual environments are established with improved flexibility and scalability, tailored to a wide range of virtual testing applications. Those virtual environments integrate virtual testing scenarios, data acquisition, databases, rule mapping and application interfaces, which yield modular testing functions and an open-ended system architecture with a set of extensible interface tools to realize data exchange within reconfigurable VEs.This enables virtual testing scenarios to be reconfigured interactively based on real time data and communication between virtual environments and real environments. A virtual testing application has been implemented using reconfigurable VEs.

  17. 一种 LED 与 PRESENT 密码算法重构实现研究%On Reconfigurable Implementation of LED and PRESENT Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘波涛; 李浪; 贺位位; 余孝忠; 杜国权

    2015-01-01

    研究了一种轻量级密码 LED 与 PRESENT 重构实现方法,利用二种密码的可重构资源,将两个密码算法均有的运算模块 S 盒和密钥加进行重构。根据不同的应用需求灵活地改变自身的硬件结构,为不同的密码算法提供与之匹配的内部结构和外部特性,从而使密码芯片的安全性可以依赖于二种不同的密码算法。由于二种密码重构在一个芯片上,加密时是随机选择一种密码,从而使具体密码运算对攻击者隐蔽,保证了密码算法使用安全性。在重构实现时进行了优化,相同模块只实现一次,同时研究实现了完成一次有限域计算不需要时钟延时,也不需要额外申请寄存器;通过计数器方式控制重复调用轮运算模块,优化方法非常有效地节省了 LED与 PRESENT 密码重构运算资源占用。对重构密码进行了 FPGA 下载实现,实验结果表明仅需10815Slices,相比单独实现需要20487Slices,面积缩小了一倍,同时加密速度没有降低。%The reconfigurable lightweight implementation of LED and PRESENT was proposed.The S-box and add-round key were reconstructed in two cryptographic modules.It can flexibly change the hardware configuration according to the different application requirements.It can also provide the internal and external structural characteristics to match the different crypto-graphic algorithms.The security can be depended on two different algorithms.The two Ciphers are integrated on the single chip.The specific encryption algorithm is unknown for attacker so that it can ensure the safety.The same module was imple-mented only once.The Galois field calculation does not require clock delay and additional register.Round operation module was repeated calls by the counter.The area is greatly reduced by the above optimal methods.It can save resources effectively.The reconfigurable LED-PRESENT was implemented on FPGA.Experimental results showed that it needs 1081 5 Slices

  18. Reconfigurable antenna pattern verification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drexler, Jerome P. (Inventor); Becker, Robert C. (Inventor); Meyers, David W. (Inventor); Muldoon, Kelly P. (Inventor)

    2013-01-01

    A method of verifying programmable antenna configurations is disclosed. The method comprises selecting a desired antenna configuration from a plurality of antenna configuration patterns, with the selected antenna configuration forming at least one reconfigurable antenna from reconfigurable antenna array elements. The method validates the formation of the selected antenna configuration to determine antenna performance of the at least one reconfigurable antenna.

  19. Reconfigurable non-blocking four-port optical router based on microring resonators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Lin; Jia, Hao; Zhao, Yunchou; Chen, Qiaoshan

    2015-03-15

    A reconfigurable non-blocking four-port optical router with the least optical switches is demonstrated. The device is based on microring resonators tuned through thermo-optic effect. The optical signal-to-noise ratio of the device at its nine routing states is about 15 dB. A 25 Gbps data transmission has been performed on its whole 12 optical links, and 8-channel wavelength division multiplexing data transmission has been implemented to expand its communication capacity. The energy efficiency of the device is 23 fJ/bit, and the response time of the device is about 25 μs.

  20. Reconfigurable Hardware Architecture for Network Intrusion Detection System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Kaleel Rahuman

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Intrusion rule processing in reconfigurable hardware enables intrusion detection and prevention. The use of reconfigurable hardware for network security applications has great strides as Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA devices have provided larger and faster resources. This proposes architecture called “BV-TCAM” is presented, which is implemented for an FPGA-based Network Intrusion Detection Systems (NIDS. The BV-TCAM architecture combines the Ternary Content Addressable Memory (TCAM and Bit Vector (BV algorithm to effectively compress the data representation and throughput. A tree bitmap implementation of the BV algorithm is used for source and destination port lookup while a TCAM performs lookup for other header fields, which can be represented as a prefix or exact value. With the aid of small embedded TCAM, packet classification can be implemented in relatively small part of the available logic of an FPGA. The BV-TCAM architecture has been modelled by VHDL. Simulations were performed by MODELSIM. This architecture have to be synthesized and implement our design using Xilinx FPGA device."

  1. Analysis, Implementation and Considerations for Liquid Crystals as a Reconfigurable Antennas Solution (LiCRAS) for Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, Derek

    The space industry has predominantly relied on high gain reflector dish antenna apertures for performing communications, but is constantly investing in phase array antenna concepts to provide increased signal flexibility at reduced system costs in terms of finances and system resources. The problem with traditional phased arrays remains the significantly greater program cost and complexity added to the satellite by integrating arrays of antenna elements with dedicated amplifier and phase shifters to perform adaptive beam forming. Liquid Crystal Reflectarrays (LiCRas) offer some of the electrical beam forming capability of a phased array system with the component and design complexity in lines with a traditional reflector antenna aperture but without the risks associated with mechanical steering systems. The final solution is believed to be a hybrid approach that performs in between the boundaries set by the two current disparate approaches. Practical reflectarrays have been developed since the 90's as a means to control reflection of incident radiation off a flat structure that is electrically curved based on radiating elements and their reflection characteristics with tailored element phase delay. In the last decade several methods have been proposed to enable tunable reflectarrays where the electrical shape of the reflector can be steered by controlling the resonating properties of the elements on the reflector using a DC bias. These approaches range from complex fast switching MEMS and ferroelectric devices, to more robust but slower chemical changes. The aim of this work is to investigate the feasibility of a molecular transition approach in the form of liquid crystals which change permittivity based on the electrical field they are subjected to. In this work, particular attention will be paid to the impact of space environment on liquid crystal reflectarray materials and reflector architectures. Of particular interest are the effects on performance induced by

  2. Recent Advances in the Synthesis and Functions of Reconfigurable Interlocked DNA Nanostructures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Chun-Hua; Cecconello, Alessandro; Willner, Itamar

    2016-04-27

    Interlocked circular DNA nanostructures, e.g., catenanes or rotaxanes, provide functional materials within the area of DNA nanotechnology. Specifically, the triggered reversible reconfiguration of the catenane or rotaxane structures provides a means to yield new DNA switches and to use them as dynamic scaffolds for controlling chemical functions and positioning functional cargoes. The synthesis of two-ring catenanes and their switchable reconfiguration by pH, metal ions, or fuel/anti-fuel stimuli are presented, and the functions of these systems, as pendulum or rotor devices or as switchable catalysts, are described. Also, the synthesis of three-, five-, and seven-ring catenanes is presented, and their switchable reconfiguration using fuel/anti-fuel strands is addressed. Implementation of the dynamically reconfigured catenane structures for the programmed organization of Au nanoparticle (NP) assemblies, which allows the plasmonic control of the fluorescence properties of Au NP/fluorophore loads associated with the scaffold, and for the operation of logic gates is discussed. Interlocked DNA rotaxanes and their different synthetic approaches are presented, and their switchable reconfiguration by means of fuel/anti-fuel strands or photonic stimuli is described. Specifically, the use of the rotaxane as a scaffold to organize Au NP assemblies, and the control of the fluorescence properties with Au NP/fluorophore hybrids loaded on the rotaxane scaffold, are introduced. The future prospectives and challenges in the field of interlocked DNA nanostructures and the possible applications are discussed.

  3. Design, Modelling and Analysis of a Workflow Reconfiguration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mazzara, Manuel; Abouzaid, Faisal; Dragoni, Nicola

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a case study involving the reconfiguration of an office workflow. We state the requirements on a system implementing the workflow and its reconfiguration, and describe the system’s design in BPMN. We then use an asynchronous pi-calculus and Web.1 to model the design and to ve......This paper describes a case study involving the reconfiguration of an office workflow. We state the requirements on a system implementing the workflow and its reconfiguration, and describe the system’s design in BPMN. We then use an asynchronous pi-calculus and Web.1 to model the design...

  4. Dynamically Reconfigurable Processor for Floating Point Arithmetic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Anbumani,

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently, development of embedded processors is toward miniaturization and energy saving for ecology. On the other hand, high performance arithmetic circuits are required in a lot of application in science and technology. Dynamically reconfigurable processors have been developed to meet these requests. They can change circuit configuration according to instructions in program instantly during operations.This paper describes, a dynamically reconfigurable circuit for floating-point arithmetic is proposed. The arithmetic circuit consists of two single precision floating-point arithmetic circuits. It performs double precision floating-point arithmetic by reconfiguration. Dynamic reconfiguration changes circuit construction at one clock cycle during operation without stopping circuits. It enables reconfiguration of circuits in a few nano seconds. The proposed circuit is reconfigured in two modes. In first mode it performs one double precision floating-point arithmetic or else the circuit will perform two parallel operations of single precision floating-point arithmetic. The new system design reduces implementation area by reconfiguring common parts of each operation. It also increases the processing speed with a very little number of clocks.

  5. Roles and Self-Reconfigurable Robots

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dvinge, Nicolai; Schultz, Ulrik Pagh; Christensen, David Johan

    2007-01-01

    A self-reconfigurable robot is a robotic device that can change its own shape. Self-reconfigurable robots are commonly built from multiple identical modules that can manipulate each other to change the shape of the robot. The robot can also perform tasks such as locomotion without changing shape....... Programming a modular, self-reconfigurable robot is however a complicated task: the robot is essentially a real-time, distributed embedded system, where control and communication paths often are tightly coupled to the current physical configuration of the robot. To facilitate the task of programming modular......, self-reconfigurable robots, we have developed a declarative, role-based language that allows the programmer to associate roles and behavior to structural elements in a modular robot. Based on the role declarations, a dedicated middleware for high-level distributed communication is generated...

  6. Modeling dynamic reconfigurations in Reo using high-level replacement systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krause, Christian; Maraikar, Ziyan; Lazovik, Alexander; Arbab, Farhad

    2011-01-01

    Reo is a channel-based coordination language, wherein circuit-like connectors model and implement interaction protocols in heterogeneous environments that coordinate components or services. Connectors are constructed from primitive channels and can be reconfigured dynamically. Reconfigurations can

  7. Partial Reconfiguration on FPGAs Architectures, Tools and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Koch, Dirk

    2013-01-01

    This is the first book to focus on designing run-time reconfigurable systems on FPGAs, in order to gain resource and power efficiency, as well as to improve speed.  Case studies in partial reconfiguration guide readers through the FPGA jungle, straight toward a working system.  The discussion of partial reconfiguration is comprehensive and practical, with models introduced together with methods to implement efficiently the corresponding systems.  Coverage includes concepts for partial module integration and corresponding communication architectures, floorplanning of the on-FPGA resources, physical implementation aspects starting from constraining primitive placement and routing all the way down to the bitstream required to configure the FPGA, and verification of reconfigurable systems.   Provides comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art partial run-time reconfiguration techniques, including architectures, methods, and tools; Focuses on real applications that will benefit from partial reconfiguration; �...

  8. Reconfigurable environmentally adaptive computing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coxe, Robin L. (Inventor); Galica, Gary E. (Inventor)

    2008-01-01

    Described are methods and apparatus, including computer program products, for reconfigurable environmentally adaptive computing technology. An environmental signal representative of an external environmental condition is received. A processing configuration is automatically selected, based on the environmental signal, from a plurality of processing configurations. A reconfigurable processing element is reconfigured to operate according to the selected processing configuration. In some examples, the environmental condition is detected and the environmental signal is generated based on the detected condition.

  9. Introduction to Reconfigurable Supercomputing

    CERN Document Server

    Lanzagorta, Marco; Rosenberg, Robert

    2010-01-01

    This book covers technologies, applications, tools, languages, procedures, advantages, and disadvantages of reconfigurable supercomputing using Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs). The target audience is the community of users of High Performance Computers (HPe who may benefit from porting their applications into a reconfigurable environment. As such, this book is intended to guide the HPC user through the many algorithmic considerations, hardware alternatives, usability issues, programming languages, and design tools that need to be understood before embarking on the creation of reconfigur

  10. Reconfigurable logic design case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Shing-Fat F.; Knight, John; Plett, Calvin

    2002-07-01

    This design case identifies generalizable features of a course-grained reconfigurable FPGA, Chameleon's reconfigurable platform. An FFT is used to identify typical design practices, problems, and solutions in targeting such a platform. This paper focuses on datapath mapping, separating it into functional design and placement of reconfigurable resources. In addition to exploring the design methodology, it analyzes numerical artifacts, demonstrates efficient packing of the data path, and highlights differences from ASIC design.

  11. An Adaptive Filtering System Configurations and Architecture on Reconfigurable Platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dipen B. Patel

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposed the implementation of adaptive filters on reconfigurable platform. Adaptive filter is an essential part of digital signal systems, have been widely used and its implementation takes a great deal, there is no dedicated IC for adaptive filter. When FPGA implemented in such area, provides a lot of facilities to the designers and also offer a better solution for filtering the data. Adaptive signal processing evolved from the techniques developed to enable the adaptive control of time- varying systems. Filtering data in real-time requires dedicated hardware to meet demanding time requirements and provide the highest processing performance, but is inflexible for changes. When a design demands the use of a DSP, design adaptability is crucial, then FPGA may offer a better solution. Reconfigurable hardware devices offer both the flexibility of computer software, and the ability to construct custom high performance computing circuits. Adaptive filter implemented using Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs due to some of their attractive advantages include flexibility and programmability, availability of tens to hundreds of hardware multipliers available on a chip. Keywords -

  12. Remote hardware-reconfigurable robotic camera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arias-Estrada, Miguel; Torres-Huitzil, Cesar; Maya-Rueda, Selene E.

    2001-10-01

    In this work, a camera with integrated image processing capabilities is discussed. The camera is based on an imager coupled to an FPGA device (Field Programmable Gate Array) which contains an architecture for real-time computer vision low-level processing. The architecture can be reprogrammed remotely for application specific purposes. The system is intended for rapid modification and adaptation for inspection and recognition applications, with the flexibility of hardware and software reprogrammability. FPGA reconfiguration allows the same ease of upgrade in hardware as a software upgrade process. The camera is composed of a digital imager coupled to an FPGA device, two memory banks, and a microcontroller. The microcontroller is used for communication tasks and FPGA programming. The system implements a software architecture to handle multiple FPGA architectures in the device, and the possibility to download a software/hardware object from the host computer into its internal context memory. System advantages are: small size, low power consumption, and a library of hardware/software functionalities that can be exchanged during run time. The system has been validated with an edge detection and a motion processing architecture, which will be presented in the paper. Applications targeted are in robotics, mobile robotics, and vision based quality control.

  13. Implementation of Transformer Protection by Intelligent Electronic Device for Different Faults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y V Aruna, Beena S

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Protection of power system equipments was traditionally done by using electromagnetic relay, static relays, and numerical relays. At present the microprocessor based relays are replacing the old Electromagnetic relays because of their high level accuracy and fast operation. RET670(Transformer protection relay , an IED (INTELLIGENT ELECTRONIC DEVICE provides fast and selective protection, monitoring, and control of all types of transformer. The configured IED is tested under different fault conditions simulated by using mobile test kit to ensure IED’s reliable operation on site. With preconfigured algorithms, the IED will automatically reconfigure the network in case of a fault, and a service restoration is carried out within milliseconds by giving trip signal to the corresponding Circuit breakers. On receiving the trip signal the circuit breaker operates providing quicker isolation of transformers under the fault condition. This enables to have a complete and an adequate protection to the specified power transformer.

  14. Network Coding Applications and Implementations on Mobile Devices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fitzek, Frank; Pedersen, Morten Videbæk; Heide, Janus

    2010-01-01

    Network coding has attracted a lot of attention lately. The goal of this paper is to demonstrate that the implementation of network coding is feasible on mobile platforms. The paper will guide the reader through some examples and demonstrate uses for network coding. Furthermore the paper will als...... show that the implementation of network coding is feasible today on commercial mobile platforms....

  15. Design, implementation and control of a magnetic levitation device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shameli, Ehsan

    Magnetic levitation technology has shown a great deal of promise for micromanipulation tasks. Due to the lack of mechanical contact, magnetic levitation systems are free of problems caused by friction, wear, sealing and lubrication. These advantages have made magnetic levitation systems a great candidate for clean room applications. In this thesis, a new large gap magnetic levitation system is designed, developed and successfully tested. The system is capable of levitating a 6.5(gr) permanent magnet in 3D space with an air gap of approximately 50(cm) with the traveling range of 20x20x30 mm3. The overall positioning accuracy of the system is 60mum. With the aid of finite elements method, an optimal geometry for the magnetic stator is proposed. Also, an energy optimization approach is utilized in the design of the electromagnets. In order to facilitate the design of various controllers for the system, a mathematical model of the magnetic force experienced by the levitated object is obtained. The dynamic magnetic force model is determined experimentally using frequency response system identification. The response of the system components including the power amplifiers, and position measurement system are also considered in the development of the force model. The force model is then employed in the controller design for the magnetic levitation device. Through a modular approach, the controller design for the 3D positioning system is started with the controller design for the vertical direction, i.e. z, and then followed by the controller design in the horizontal directions, i.e. x and y. For the vertical direction, several controllers such as PID, feed forward and feedback linearization are designed and their performances are compared. Also a control command conditioning method is introduced as a solution to increase the control performance and the results of the proposed controller are compared with the other designs. Experimental results showed that for the magnetic

  16. Lagrangian methods for blood damage estimation in cardiovascular devices - How numerical implementation affects the results

    OpenAIRE

    Marom, Gil; Bluestein, Danny

    2016-01-01

    This paper evaluated the influence of various numerical implementation assumptions on predicting blood damage in cardiovascular devices using Lagrangian methods with Eulerian computational fluid dynamics. The implementation assumptions that were tested included various seeding patterns, stochastic walk model, and simplified trajectory calculations with pathlines. Post processing implementation options that were evaluated included single passage and repeated passages stress accumulation and ti...

  17. How to Efficiently Reconfigure Tunable Lookup Tables for Dynamic Circuit Specialization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amit Kulkarni

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Dynamic Circuit Specialization is used to optimize the implementation of a parameterized application on an FPGA. Instead of implementing the parameters as regular inputs, in the DCS approach these inputs are implemented as constants. When the parameter values change, the design is reoptimized for the new constant values by reconfiguring the FPGA. This allows faster and more resource-efficient implementation but investigations have shown that reconfiguration time is the major limitation for DCS implementation on Xilinx FPGAs. The limitation arises from the use of inefficient reconfiguration methods in conventional DCS implementation. To address this issue, we propose different approaches to reduce the reconfiguration time drastically and improve the reconfiguration speed. In this context, this paper presents the use of custom reconfiguration controllers and custom reconfiguration software drivers, along with placement constraints to shorten the reconfiguration time. Our results show an improvement in the reconfiguration speed by at least a factor 14 by using Xilinx reconfiguration controller along with placement constraints. However, the improvement can go up to a factor 40 with the combination of a custom reconfiguration controller, custom software drivers, and placement constraints. We also observe depreciation in the system’s performance by at least 6% due to placement constraints.

  18. Analysis and Design of a Gated Envelope Feedback Technique for Automatic Hardware Reconfiguration of RFIC Power Amplifiers, with Full On-Chip Implementation in Gallium Arsenide Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Constantin, Nicolas Gerard David

    In this doctoral dissertation, the author presents the theoretical foundation, the analysis and design of analog and RF circuits, the chip level implementation, and the experimental validation pertaining to a new radio frequency integrated circuit (RFIC) power amplifier (PA) architecture that is intended for wireless portable transceivers. A method called Gated Envelope Feedback is proposed to allow the automatic hardware reconfiguration of a stand-alone RFIC PA in multiple states for power efficiency improvement purposes. The method uses self-operating and fully integrated circuitry comprising RF power detection, switching and sequential logic, and RF envelope feedback in conjunction with a hardware gating function for triggering and activating current reduction mechanisms as a function of the transmitted RF power level. Because of the critical role that RFIC PA components occupy in modern wireless transceivers, and given the major impact that these components have on the overall RF performances and energy consumption in wireless transceivers, very significant benefits stem from the underlying innovations. The method has been validated through the successful design of a 1.88GHz COMA RFIC PA with automatic hardware reconfiguration capability, using an industry renowned state-of-the-art GaAs HBT semiconductor process developed and owned by Skyworks Solutions, Inc., USA. The circuit techniques that have enabled the successful and full on-chip embodiment of the technique are analyzed in details. The IC implementation is discussed, and experimental results showing significant current reduction upon automatic hardware reconfiguration, gain regulation performances, and compliance with the stringent linearity requirements for COMA transmission demonstrate that the gated envelope feedback method is a viable and promising approach to automatic hardware reconfiguration of RFIC PA's for current reduction purposes. Moreover, in regard to on-chip integration of advanced PA

  19. Implementation of KRoC on Analog Devices' "SHARC" DSP

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Otten, G.W.; Schwirtz, M.H.; Schwirtz, Marcellinus H.; Bruis, R.; Bruis, R.; Broenink, Johannes F.; Bakkers, André; O'Neill, Brian C.

    1996-01-01

    This paper summarises the experiences gained at the Control Laboratory of the University of Twente in porting the Kent Retargetable occam Compiler -KroC -to the Analog Devices' ADSP21060 SHARC Digital Signal Processor. The choice of porting the KRoC to the DSP processor was in our view both a

  20. Design and Implementation of an Underwater Sound Recording Device

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christa M. Woodley

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available To monitor the underwater sound and pressure waves generated by anthropogenic activities such as underwater blasting and pile driving, an autonomous system was designed to record underwater acoustic signals. The underwater sound recording device (USR allows for connections of two hydrophones or other dynamic pressure sensors, filters high frequency noise out of the collected signals, has a gain that can be independently set for each sensor, and allows for 2 h of data collection. Two versions of the USR were created: a submersible model deployable to a maximum depth of 300 m, and a watertight but not fully submersible model. Tests were performed on the USR in the laboratory using a data acquisition system to send single-frequency sinusoidal voltages directly to each component. These tests verified that the device operates as designed and performs as well as larger commercially available data acquisition systems, which are not suited for field use. On average, the designed gain values differed from the actual measured gain values by about 0.35 dB. A prototype of the device was used in a case study to measure blast pressures while investigating the effect of underwater rock blasting on juvenile Chinook salmon and rainbow trout. In the case study, maximum positive pressure from the blast was found to be significantly correlated with frequency of injury for individual fish. The case study also demonstrated that the device withstood operation in harsh environments, making it a valuable tool for collecting field measurements.

  1. High Speed Reconfigurable FFT Design by Vedic Mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Raman, Ashish; Sarin, R K

    2010-01-01

    The Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) is a computationally intensive digital signal processing (DSP) function widely used in applications such as imaging, software-defined radio, wireless communication, instrumentation. In this paper, a reconfigurable FFT design using Vedic multiplier with high speed and small area is presented. Urdhava Triyakbhyam algorithm of ancient Indian Vedic Mathematics is utilized to improve its efficiency. In the proposed architecture, the 4x4 bit multiplication operation is fragmented reconfigurable FFT modules. The 4x4 multiplication modules are implemented using small 2x2bit multipliers. Reconfigurability at run time is provided for attaining power saving. The reconfigurable FFT has been designed, optimized and implemented on an FPGA based system. This reconfigurable FFT is having the high speed and small area as compared to the conventional FFT.

  2. Design and implementation of an underwater sound recording device

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez, Jayson J.; Myers, Joshua R.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Deng, Zhiqun; Rohrer, John S.; Caviggia, Kurt A.

    2011-09-19

    The purpose of this study was to design and build two versions of an underwater sound recording device. The device designed is referred to as the Underwater Sound Recorder (USR), which can be connected to one or two hydrophones or other underwater sound sensors. The URS contains a 26 dB preamplifier and a user selectable gain that permits additional amplification of input to the system from 26 dB to 46 dB. Signals within the frequency range up to 15 kHz may be recorded using the USR. Examples of USR applications are monitoring underwater processes that have the potential to create large pressure waves that could potentially harm fish or other aquatic life, such as underwater explosions or pile driving. Additional applications are recording sound generated by vessels or the vocalizations of some marine mammals, such as the calls from many species of whales.

  3. An Interface for a Decentralized 2D Reconfiguration on Xilinx Virtex-FPGAs for Organic Computing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Schuck

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Partial and dynamic online reconfiguration of Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs is a promising approach to design high adaptive systems with lower power consumption, higher task specific performance, and even build-in fault tolerance. Different techniques and tool flows have been successfully developed. One of them, the two-dimensional partial reconfiguration, based on the Readback-Modify-Writeback method implemented on Xilinx Virtex devices, makes them ideally suited to be used as a hardware platform in future organic computing systems, where a highly adaptive hardware is necessary. In turn, decentralisation, the key property of an organic computing system, is in contradiction with the central nature of the FPGAs configuration port. Therefore, this paper presents an approach that connects the single ICAP port to a network on chip (NoC to provide access for all clients of the network. Through this a virtual decentralisation of the ICAP is achieved. Further true 2-dimensional partial reconfiguration is raised to a higher level of abstraction through a lightweight Readback-Modify-Writeback hardware module with different configuration and addressing modes. Results show that configuration data as well as reconfiguration times could be significantly reduced.

  4. Implementation of synthetic aperture imaging on a hand-held device

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hemmsen, Martin Christian; Kjeldsen, Thomas; Larsen, Lee;

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents several implementations of Syn- thetic Aperture Sequential Beamforming (SASB) on commer- cially available hand-held devices. The implementations include real-time wireless reception of ultrasound radio frequency sig- nals and GPU processing for B-mode imaging. The proposed...... implementation demonstrates that SASB can be executed in-time for real-time ultrasound imaging. The wireless communication between probe and processing device satisfies the required bandwidth for real-time data transfer with current 802.11ac technology. The implementation is evaluated using four different hand-held...

  5. Reconfigurable MEMS OADM Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A. Q. Liu; J. Li; Q. X. Zhang; W. D. Zhong; C. Lu

    2003-01-01

    This paper proposes a serial reconfigurable OADM consisting of optical circulator and 2 × 2 MEMS optical switch and tunable FBG. Based on MEMS technology, the OADM is demonstrated to increase the flexibility, decrease the cost andimprove the reliability.

  6. Flexible optofluidic waveguide platform with multi-dimensional reconfigurability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parks, Joshua W.; Schmidt, Holger

    2016-09-01

    Dynamic reconfiguration of photonic function is one of the hallmarks of optofluidics. A number of approaches have been taken to implement optical tunability in microfluidic devices. However, a device architecture that allows for simultaneous high-performance microfluidic fluid handling as well as dynamic optical tuning has not been demonstrated. Here, we introduce such a platform based on a combination of solid- and liquid-core polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) waveguides that also provides fully functioning microvalve-based sample handling. A combination of these waveguides forms a liquid-core multimode interference waveguide that allows for multi-modal tuning of waveguide properties through core liquids and pressure/deformation. We also introduce a novel lifting-gate lightvalve that simultaneously acts as a fluidic microvalve and optical waveguide, enabling mechanically reconfigurable light and fluid paths and seamless incorporation of controlled particle analysis. These new functionalities are demonstrated by an optical switch with >45 dB extinction ratio and an actuatable particle trap for analysis of biological micro- and nanoparticles.

  7. Flexible optofluidic waveguide platform with multi-dimensional reconfigurability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parks, Joshua W.; Schmidt, Holger

    2016-01-01

    Dynamic reconfiguration of photonic function is one of the hallmarks of optofluidics. A number of approaches have been taken to implement optical tunability in microfluidic devices. However, a device architecture that allows for simultaneous high-performance microfluidic fluid handling as well as dynamic optical tuning has not been demonstrated. Here, we introduce such a platform based on a combination of solid- and liquid-core polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) waveguides that also provides fully functioning microvalve-based sample handling. A combination of these waveguides forms a liquid-core multimode interference waveguide that allows for multi-modal tuning of waveguide properties through core liquids and pressure/deformation. We also introduce a novel lifting-gate lightvalve that simultaneously acts as a fluidic microvalve and optical waveguide, enabling mechanically reconfigurable light and fluid paths and seamless incorporation of controlled particle analysis. These new functionalities are demonstrated by an optical switch with >45 dB extinction ratio and an actuatable particle trap for analysis of biological micro- and nanoparticles. PMID:27597164

  8. A Reconfigurable and Biologically Inspired Paradigm for Computation Using Network-On-Chip and Spiking Neural Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Jim Harkin; Fearghal Morgan; Liam McDaid; Steve Hall; Brian McGinley; Seamus Cawley

    2009-01-01

    FPGA devices have emerged as a popular platform for the rapid prototyping of biological Spiking Neural Networks (SNNs) applications, offering the key requirement of reconfigurability. However, FPGAs do not efficiently realise the biologically plausible neuron and synaptic models of SNNs, and current FPGA routing structures cannot accommodate the high levels of interneuron connectivity inherent in complex SNNs. This paper highlights and discusses the current challenges of implementing scalable...

  9. Facilitating preemptive hardware system design using partial reconfiguration techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dondo Gazzano, Julio; Rincon, Fernando; Vaderrama, Carlos; Villanueva, Felix; Caba, Julian; Lopez, Juan Carlos

    2014-01-01

    In FPGA-based control system design, partial reconfiguration is especially well suited to implement preemptive systems. In real-time systems, the deadline for critical task can compel the preemption of noncritical one. Besides, an asynchronous event can demand immediate attention and, then, force launching a reconfiguration process for high-priority task implementation. If the asynchronous event is previously scheduled, an explicit activation of the reconfiguration process is performed. If the event cannot be previously programmed, such as in dynamically scheduled systems, an implicit activation to the reconfiguration process is demanded. This paper provides a hardware-based approach to explicit and implicit activation of the partial reconfiguration process in dynamically reconfigurable SoCs and includes all the necessary tasks to cope with this issue. Furthermore, the reconfiguration service introduced in this work allows remote invocation of the reconfiguration process and then the remote integration of off-chip components. A model that offers component location transparency is also presented to enhance and facilitate system integration.

  10. Reconfigurable manufacturing execution system for pipe cutting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Y. H.; Xie, J. Y.

    2011-08-01

    This article presents a reconfigurable manufacturing execution system (RMES) filling the gap between enterprise resource planning and resource layer for pipe-cutting production with mass customisation and rapid adaptation to dynamic market, which consists of planning and scheduling layer and executive control layer. Starting from customer's task and process requirements, the cutting trajectories are planned under generalised mathematical model able to reconfigure in accordance with various intersecting types' joint, and all tasks are scheduled by nesting algorithm to maximise the utilisation rate of rough material. This RMES for pipe cutting has been effectively implemented in more than 100 companies.

  11. Reconfigurable Robust Routing for Mobile Outreach Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Ching-Fang

    2010-01-01

    The Reconfigurable Robust Routing for Mobile Outreach Network (R3MOO N) provides advanced communications networking technologies suitable for the lunar surface environment and applications. The R3MOON techn ology is based on a detailed concept of operations tailored for luna r surface networks, and includes intelligent routing algorithms and wireless mesh network implementation on AGNC's Coremicro Robots. The product's features include an integrated communication solution inco rporating energy efficiency and disruption-tolerance in a mobile ad h oc network, and a real-time control module to provide researchers an d engineers a convenient tool for reconfiguration, investigation, an d management.

  12. Devices and circuits for nanoelectronic implementation of artificial neural networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turel, Ozgur

    Biological neural networks perform complicated information processing tasks at speeds better than conventional computers based on conventional algorithms. This has inspired researchers to look into the way these networks function, and propose artificial networks that mimic their behavior. Unfortunately, most artificial neural networks, either software or hardware, do not provide either the speed or the complexity of a human brain. Nanoelectronics, with high density and low power dissipation that it provides, may be used in developing more efficient artificial neural networks. This work consists of two major contributions in this direction. First is the proposal of the CMOL concept, hybrid CMOS-molecular hardware [1-8]. CMOL may circumvent most of the problems in posed by molecular devices, such as low yield, vet provide high active device density, ˜1012/cm 2. The second contribution is CrossNets, artificial neural networks that are based on CMOL. We showed that CrossNets, with their fault tolerance, exceptional speed (˜ 4 to 6 orders of magnitude faster than biological neural networks) can perform any task any artificial neural network can perform. Moreover, there is a hope that if their integration scale is increased to that of human cerebral cortex (˜ 1010 neurons and ˜ 1014 synapses), they may be capable of performing more advanced tasks.

  13. Component Based Dynamic Reconfigurable Test System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LAI Hong; HE Lingsong; ZHANG Dengpan

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, a novel component based framework of test system is presented for the new requirements of dynamic changes of test functions and reconfiguration of test resources. The complexity of dynamic reconfiguration arises from the scale, redirection, extensibility and interconnection of components in test system. The paper is started by discussing the component assembly based framework which provide the open platform to the deploy of components and then the script interpreter model is introduced to dynamically create the components and build the test system by analyzing XML based information of test system. A pipeline model is presented to provide the data channels and behavior reflection among the components. Finally, a dynamic reconfigurable test system is implemented on the basis of COM and applied in the remote test and control system of CNC machine.

  14. Implementation of an Economical Parking Helper Device Using Ultrasound Sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jamil, Tariq

    2010-06-01

    Every motorist dreams of a car that will take the stress out of parking by finding a suitable space and then maneuvers itself into the space with minimal assistance from the driver. This paper describes a parking helper device using ultrasound sensors, mounted on the car, to monitor both sides of the street for a suitable parking space, and when a large enough parking space is detected, the helper instructs the driver to stop the car and guides him/her via a display screen and voice about steering maneuvers which will ultimately result in the car being properly parked in the given parking space. Ultrasound sensors mounted on the front and rear bumpers of the car will ensure that a safe distance is maintained to other vehicles and objects and the driver will need to operate only the accelerator and the brake pedals. A warning signal sounds if the vehicle gets too close to other objects in the parking space.

  15. Efficient Implementation of Solvers for Linear Model Predictive Control on Embedded Devices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frison, Gianluca; Kwame Minde Kufoalor, D.; Imsland, Lars

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes a novel approach for the efficient implementation of solvers for linear MPC on embedded devices. The main focus is to explain in detail the approach used to optimize the linear algebra for selected low-power embedded devices, and to show how the high-performance implementation...... of a single routine (the matrix-matrix multiplication gemm) can speed-up an interior-point method for linear MPC. The results show that the high-performance MPC obtained using the proposed approach is several times faster than the current state-of-the-art IP method for linear MPC on embedded devices....

  16. Free for All: A Case Study Examining Implementation Factors of One-to-One Device Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Sarah K.; Rennie, Ellie

    2013-01-01

    Despite significant investment in school one-to-one device programs, little is known about which aspects of program implementation work and why. Through a comparison of two implementation models, adopter-diffusion and saturation, and using existing data from the One Laptop per Child Australia laptop program, we explored how factors of…

  17. Loss-Gain Equalized Reconfigurable Phaser for Dynamic Radio Analog Signal Processing (R-ASP)

    CERN Document Server

    Zou, Lianfeng; Caloz, Christophe

    2015-01-01

    We present a loss-gain equalized reconfigurable phaser for dynamic radio analog signal processing (R-ASP). Such a phaser provides real-time tunable group delay response with all-pass transmission. We propose a lumped loss-gain implementation, where tuning and equalization are mostly easily achieved. A theoretical study derives the transfer function and the fundamental characteristics of the device. The phaser is finally experimentally demonstrated, first using a single loss-gain pair and finally a three cascaded loss-gain pair structure with full reconfigurability , where up-chirp and down-chirp group delays are shown for illustration. It is expected that this phaser will find wide applications in radio analog signal processing (R-ASP) systems requiring dynamic adaptability.

  18. Radiation effects in reconfigurable FPGAs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, Heather

    2017-04-01

    Field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) are co-processing hardware used in image and signal processing. FPGA are programmed with custom implementations of an algorithm. These algorithms are highly parallel hardware designs that are faster than software implementations. This flexibility and speed has made FPGAs attractive for many space programs that need in situ, high-speed signal processing for data categorization and data compression. Most commercial FPGAs are affected by the space radiation environment, though. Problems with TID has restricted the use of flash-based FPGAs. Static random access memory based FPGAs must be mitigated to suppress errors from single-event upsets. This paper provides a review of radiation effects issues in reconfigurable FPGAs and discusses methods for mitigating these problems. With careful design it is possible to use these components effectively and resiliently.

  19. Micro-Task Processing in Heterogeneous Reconfigurable Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sebastian Wallner

    2005-01-01

    New reconfigurable computing architectures are introduced to overcome some of the limitations of conventional microprocessors and fine-grained reconfigurable devices (e.g., FPGAs). One of the new promising architectures are Configurable System-on-Chip (CSoC) solutions. They were designed to offer high computational performance for real-time signal processing and for a wide range of applications exhibiting high degrees of parallelism. The programming of such systems is an inherently challenging problem due to the lack of an programming model. This paper describes a novel heterogeneous system architecture for signal processing and data streaming applications. It offers high computational performance and a high degree of flexibility and adaptability by employing a micro Task Controller (mTC) unit in conjunction with programmable and configurable hardware. The hierarchically organized architecture provides a programming model, allows an efficient mapping of applications and is shown to be easy scalable to future VLSI technologies. Several mappings of commonly used digital signal processing algorithms for future telecommunication and multimedia systems and implementation results are given for a standard-cell ASIC design realization in 0.18 micron 6-layer UMC CMOS technology.

  20. Reconfigurable signal processor designs for advanced digital array radar systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suarez, Hernan; Zhang, Yan (Rockee); Yu, Xining

    2017-05-01

    The new challenges originated from Digital Array Radar (DAR) demands a new generation of reconfigurable backend processor in the system. The new FPGA devices can support much higher speed, more bandwidth and processing capabilities for the need of digital Line Replaceable Unit (LRU). This study focuses on using the latest Altera and Xilinx devices in an adaptive beamforming processor. The field reprogrammable RF devices from Analog Devices are used as analog front end transceivers. Different from other existing Software-Defined Radio transceivers on the market, this processor is designed for distributed adaptive beamforming in a networked environment. The following aspects of the novel radar processor will be presented: (1) A new system-on-chip architecture based on Altera's devices and adaptive processing module, especially for the adaptive beamforming and pulse compression, will be introduced, (2) Successful implementation of generation 2 serial RapidIO data links on FPGA, which supports VITA-49 radio packet format for large distributed DAR processing. (3) Demonstration of the feasibility and capabilities of the processor in a Micro-TCA based, SRIO switching backplane to support multichannel beamforming in real-time. (4) Application of this processor in ongoing radar system development projects, including OU's dual-polarized digital array radar, the planned new cylindrical array radars, and future airborne radars.

  1. Reconfigurable L-Band Radar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rincon, Rafael F.

    2008-01-01

    The reconfigurable L-Band radar is an ongoing development at NASA/GSFC that exploits the capability inherently in phased array radar systems with a state-of-the-art data acquisition and real-time processor in order to enable multi-mode measurement techniques in a single radar architecture. The development leverages on the L-Band Imaging Scatterometer, a radar system designed for the development and testing of new radar techniques; and the custom-built DBSAR processor, a highly reconfigurable, high speed data acquisition and processing system. The radar modes currently implemented include scatterometer, synthetic aperture radar, and altimetry; and plans to add new modes such as radiometry and bi-static GNSS signals are being formulated. This development is aimed at enhancing the radar remote sensing capabilities for airborne and spaceborne applications in support of Earth Science and planetary exploration This paper describes the design of the radar and processor systems, explains the operational modes, and discusses preliminary measurements and future plans.

  2. A Reconfigurable Logic Cell Based on a Simple Dynamical System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lixiang Li

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper introduces a new scheme to achieve a dynamic logic gate which can be adjusted flexibly to obtain different logic functions by adjusting specific parameters of a dynamical system. Based on graphical tools and the threshold mechanism, the distribution of different logic gates is studied, and a transformation method between different logics is given. Analyzing the performance of the dynamical system in the presence of noise, we discover that it is resistant to system noise. Moreover, we find some part of the system can be considered as a leaky integrator which has been already widely applied in engineering. Finally, we provide a proof-of-principle hardware implementation of the proposed scheme to illustrate its effectiveness. With the proposed scheme in hand, it is convenient to build the flexible, robust, and general purpose computing devices such as various network coding routers, communication encoders or decoders, and reconfigurable computer chips.

  3. Implementing unique device identification in electronic health record systems: organizational, workflow, and technological challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campion, Thomas R; Johnson, Stephen B; Paxton, Elizabeth W; Mushlin, Alvin I; Sedrakyan, Art

    2014-01-01

    The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has proposed creating a unique device identification (UDI) system for medical devices to facilitate postmarket surveillance, quality improvement, and other applications. Although a small number of health care institutions have implemented initiatives comparable with the proposed UDI system by capturing data in electronic health record (EHR) systems, it is unknown whether institutions with fewer resources will be able to similarly implement UDI. This paper calls attention to organizational, workflow, and technological challenges in UDI system implementation by drawing from the literature on EHR and clinical research systems implementation. Organizational challenges for UDI system implementation include coordinating multiple stakeholders to define UDI attributes and characteristics for use in EHRs, guiding organizational change within individual institutions for integrating UDI with EHRs, and guiding organizational change for reusing UDI data captured in EHRs. Workflow challenges include capturing UDI data in EHRs using keyboard entry and barcode scanning. Technological challenges involve interfacing UDI data between EHRs and surgical information systems, transforming UDI and related patient data from EHRs for research, and applying data standards to UDI within and beyond EHRs. We provide recommendations for regulations, organizational sharing, and professional society engagement to raise awareness of and overcome UDI system implementation challenges. Implementation of the UDI system will require integration of people, process, and technology to achieve benefits envisioned by FDA, including improved postmarket device surveillance and quality of care.

  4. A Special Device for Viscous Pressure Forming:Design and Implementation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    A flexible special device for viscous pressure forming is designed and implemented. By using three proportional electro-hydraulic relief valves connected to a computer for precise control of releasing pressure of the medium, we can form differential pressure distribution in the die cavity. With the cooperation of programmable logical controller (PLC), computer and sensor modules in control system the device can satisfy all the requirements of the new forming process.

  5. Centralised versus Decentralised Control Reconfiguration for Collaborating Underwater Robots

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Furno, Lidia; Nielsen, Mikkel Cornelius; Blanke, Mogens

    2015-01-01

    The present paper introduces an approach to fault-tolerant reconfiguration for collaborating underwater robots. Fault-tolerant reconfiguration is obtained using the virtual actuator approach, Steen (2005). The paper investigates properties of a centralised versus a decentralised implementation...... an underwater drill needs to be transported and positioned by three collaborating robots as part of an underwater autonomous operation....... and assesses the capabilities under communication constraints between the individual robots. In the centralised case, each robot sends information related to its own status to a unique virtual actuator that computes the necessary reconfiguration. In the decentralised case, each robot is equipped with its own...

  6. Reconfigurable system design and verification

    CERN Document Server

    Hsiung, Pao-Ann; Huang, Chun-Hsian

    2009-01-01

    Reconfigurable systems have pervaded nearly all fields of computation and will continue to do so for the foreseeable future. Reconfigurable System Design and Verification provides a compendium of design and verification techniques for reconfigurable systems, allowing you to quickly search for a technique and determine if it is appropriate to the task at hand. It bridges the gap between the need for reconfigurable computing education and the burgeoning development of numerous different techniques in the design and verification of reconfigurable systems in various application domains. The text e

  7. From stretchable to reconfigurable inorganic electronics

    KAUST Repository

    Nassar, Joanna M.

    2016-05-06

    Today’s state-of-the-art electronics are high performing, energy efficient, multi-functional and cost effective. However, they are also typically rigid and brittle. With the emergence of the Internet of Everything, electronic applications are expanding into previously unexplored areas, like healthcare, smart wearable artifacts, and robotics. One major challenge is the physical asymmetry of target application surfaces, which often cause mechanical stretching, contracting, twisting and other deformations to the application. In this review paper, we explore materials, processes, mechanics and devices that enable physically stretchable and reconfigurable electronics. While the concept of stretchable electronics is commonly used in practice, the notion of physically reconfigurable electronics is still in its infancy. Because organic materials are commonly naturally stretchable and physically deformable, we predominantly focus on electronics made from inorganic materials that have the capacity for physical stretching and reconfiguration while retaining their intended attributes. We emphasize how applications of electronics dictate theory to integration strategy for stretchable and reconfigurable inorganic electronics.

  8. Reconfigurable optical assembly of nanostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montelongo, Yunuen; Yetisen, Ali K.; Butt, Haider; Yun, Seok-Hyun

    2016-06-01

    Arrangements of nanostructures in well-defined patterns are the basis of photonic crystals, metamaterials and holograms. Furthermore, rewritable optical materials can be achieved by dynamically manipulating nanoassemblies. Here we demonstrate a mechanism to configure plasmonic nanoparticles (NPs) in polymer media using nanosecond laser pulses. The mechanism relies on optical forces produced by the interference of laser beams, which allow NPs to migrate to lower-energy configurations. The resulting NP arrangements are stable without any external energy source, but erasable and rewritable by additional recording pulses. We demonstrate reconfigurable optical elements including multilayer Bragg diffraction gratings, volumetric photonic crystals and lenses, as well as dynamic holograms of three-dimensional virtual objects. We aim to expand the applications of optical forces, which have been mostly restricted to optical tweezers. Holographic assemblies of nanoparticles will allow a new generation of programmable composites for tunable metamaterials, data storage devices, sensors and displays.

  9. Reconfigurable layout problem

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meng, G.; Heragu, S.S.; Zijm, H.

    2004-01-01

    This paper addresses the reconfigurable layout problem, which differs from traditional, robust and dynamic layout problems mainly in two aspects: first, it assumes that production data are available only for the current and upcoming production period. Second, it considers queuing performance measure

  10. Reconfigurable layout problem

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meng, G.; Heragu, S.S.; Heragu, S.S.; Zijm, Willem H.M.

    2004-01-01

    This paper addresses the reconfigurable layout problem, which differs from traditional, robust and dynamic layout problems mainly in two aspects: first, it assumes that production data are available only for the current and upcoming production period. Second, it considers queuing performance measure

  11. Origami Inspired Self-assembly of Patterned and Reconfigurable Particles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandey, Shivendra; Gultepe, Evin; Gracias, David H.

    2013-01-01

    There are numerous techniques such as photolithography, electron-beam lithography and soft-lithography that can be used to precisely pattern two dimensional (2D) structures. These technologies are mature, offer high precision and many of them can be implemented in a high-throughput manner. We leverage the advantages of planar lithography and combine them with self-folding methods1-20 wherein physical forces derived from surface tension or residual stress, are used to curve or fold planar structures into three dimensional (3D) structures. In doing so, we make it possible to mass produce precisely patterned static and reconfigurable particles that are challenging to synthesize. In this paper, we detail visualized experimental protocols to create patterned particles, notably, (a) permanently bonded, hollow, polyhedra that self-assemble and self-seal due to the minimization of surface energy of liquefied hinges21-23 and (b) grippers that self-fold due to residual stress powered hinges24,25. The specific protocol described can be used to create particles with overall sizes ranging from the micrometer to the centimeter length scales. Further, arbitrary patterns can be defined on the surfaces of the particles of importance in colloidal science, electronics, optics and medicine. More generally, the concept of self-assembling mechanically rigid particles with self-sealing hinges is applicable, with some process modifications, to the creation of particles at even smaller, 100 nm length scales22, 26 and with a range of materials including metals21, semiconductors9 and polymers27. With respect to residual stress powered actuation of reconfigurable grasping devices, our specific protocol utilizes chromium hinges of relevance to devices with sizes ranging from 100 μm to 2.5 mm. However, more generally, the concept of such tether-free residual stress powered actuation can be used with alternate high-stress materials such as heteroepitaxially deposited semiconductor films5,7 to

  12. Design and Evaluation of a Reconfigurable Manufacturing System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Shuai; Li, Yang; Bilberg, Arne

    2014-01-01

    In modern manufacturing industry, reconfigurable manufacturing system (RMS) is a promising concept in the research arena. A new RMS system structure has been recently designed by a large consumer goods manufacturer in Europe, aiming to improve its production efficiency. This article shows...... implemented in this consumer goods manufacturer can be effectively (re)configured as part of the daily operations, and the configuration is analyzed by computer simulation before release. Flexibility can be increased considerably meanwhile the system can maintain an acceptable productivity....

  13. A Liquid Metal Conical Helical Antenna for Circular Polarization-Reconfigurable Antenna

    OpenAIRE

    Yun Zhou; Shaojun Fang; Hongmei Liu; Shiqiang Fu

    2016-01-01

    A novel polarization-reconfigurable conical helical antenna based on the liquid metal is presented. The antenna is implemented by using truncated structure, variable pitch angle, a matching stub, and a mechanical autorotation device. The experimental results show that a good agreement between simulations and measurements is obtained. The gain of the antenna achieves higher than 8 dBi in the work band (1525–1660.5 MHz), and the 3 dB axial ratio (AR) bandwidth reaches 410 MHz. The polarization ...

  14. A Liquid Metal Conical Helical Antenna for Circular Polarization-Reconfigurable Antenna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun Zhou

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A novel polarization-reconfigurable conical helical antenna based on the liquid metal is presented. The antenna is implemented by using truncated structure, variable pitch angle, a matching stub, and a mechanical autorotation device. The experimental results show that a good agreement between simulations and measurements is obtained. The gain of the antenna achieves higher than 8 dBi in the work band (1525–1660.5 MHz, and the 3 dB axial ratio (AR bandwidth reaches 410 MHz. The polarization mode of the antenna can be switched between right-hand and left-hand circular polarization.

  15. Magnetic-field-controlled reconfigurable semiconductor logic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joo, Sungjung; Kim, Taeyueb; Shin, Sang Hoon; Lim, Ju Young; Hong, Jinki; Song, Jin Dong; Chang, Joonyeon; Lee, Hyun-Woo; Rhie, Kungwon; Han, Suk Hee; Shin, Kyung-Ho; Johnson, Mark

    2013-02-07

    Logic devices based on magnetism show promise for increasing computational efficiency while decreasing consumed power. They offer zero quiescent power and yet combine novel functions such as programmable logic operation and non-volatile built-in memory. However, practical efforts to adapt a magnetic device to logic suffer from a low signal-to-noise ratio and other performance attributes that are not adequate for logic gates. Rather than exploiting magnetoresistive effects that result from spin-dependent transport of carriers, we have approached the development of a magnetic logic device in a different way: we use the phenomenon of large magnetoresistance found in non-magnetic semiconductors in high electric fields. Here we report a device showing a strong diode characteristic that is highly sensitive to both the sign and the magnitude of an external magnetic field, offering a reversible change between two different characteristic states by the application of a magnetic field. This feature results from magnetic control of carrier generation and recombination in an InSb p-n bilayer channel. Simple circuits combining such elementary devices are fabricated and tested, and Boolean logic functions including AND, OR, NAND and NOR are performed. They are programmed dynamically by external electric or magnetic signals, demonstrating magnetic-field-controlled semiconductor reconfigurable logic at room temperature. This magnetic technology permits a new kind of spintronic device, characterized as a current switch rather than a voltage switch, and provides a simple and compact platform for non-volatile reconfigurable logic devices.

  16. 可重构浮点混合/连续乘-加器的设计与实现%Design and Implementation of Reconfigurable Floating-point Fused/Continuous Multiply-adder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪琪; 何敏; 范继聪; 袁粲

    2014-01-01

    As floating-point continuous multiply-add, fused multiply-add and multiply and three-operands addition operations are used more and more frequently in the field of scientific computing, a multi-purpose floating-point unit is designed which supports floating-point continuous multiply-add, fused multiply-add and multiply and three-operands addition is an urgent need. In this situation, a reconfigurable floating-point fused/continuous multiply-add structure is proposed. This reconfigurable floating-point fused/continuous multiply-adder can achieve a variety of floating-point data manipulation through configuration of the control bit. This reconfigurable floating-point fused/continuous multiply-adder uses eight-stage pipe-line. It can achieve single-cycle multiply-accumulate, which greatly improves the throughput of the data processing and supports three-operand addition and two-operand sum’s accumulate simultaneously. This design is simulated and verified in Modelsim SE6.6f’s environment and the function is correct. When this design is implemented on Xilinx Virtex-6 FPGA, the resource consumption is 2 631 LUTs and the frequency is up to 250 MHz, and the result proves that the reconfigurable floating-point fused/continuous multiply-adder has a large value in use.%浮点连续乘-加、混合乘-加和三操作数加等浮点算术运算在科学计算领域中应用越来越频繁,为设计一款支持浮点连续乘-加、混合乘-加和三操作数加的多功能浮点运算单元,提出一种可重构浮点混合/连续乘-加器,通过对控制位的配置可以实现多种浮点数据操作。该乘-加器采用8级流水线,可以实现单周期的浮点乘累加,大幅提高数据处理吞吐量,同时支持三操作数加和两操作数和的累加。在Modelsim SE6.6f中对该设计进行仿真验证,结果表明其能够在Xilinx Virtex-6 FPGA上实现,资源消耗2631个LUT,频率可达250 MHz,结果证明该浮点混合/连续乘-

  17. Smart Actuators and Adhesives for Reconfigurable Matter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ko, Hyunhyub; Javey, Ali

    2017-03-06

    Biological systems found in nature provide excellent stimuli-responsive functions. The camouflage adaptation of cephalopods (octopus, cuttlefish), rapid stiffness change of sea cucumbers, opening of pine cones in response to humidity, and rapid closure of Venus flytraps upon insect touch are some examples of nature's smart systems. Although current technologies are still premature to mimic these sophisticated structures and functions in smart biological systems, recent work on stimuli-responsive programmable matter has shown great progress. Stimuli-responsive materials based on hydrogels, responsive nanocomposites, hybrid structures, shape memory polymers, and liquid crystal elastomers have demonstrated excellent responsivities to various stimuli such as temperature, light, pH, and electric field. However, the technologies in these stimuli-responsive materials are still not sophisticated enough to demonstrate the ultimate attributes of an ideal programmable matter: fast and reversible reconfiguration of programmable matter into complex and robust shapes. Recently, reconfigurable (or programmable) matter that reversibly changes its structure/shape or physical/chemical properties in response to external stimuli has attracted great interest for applications in sensors, actuators, robotics, and smart systems. In particular, key attributes of programmable matter including fast and reversible reconfiguration into complex and robust 2D and 3D shapes have been demonstrated by various approaches. In this Account, we review focused areas of smart materials with special emphasis on the material and device structure designs to enhance the response time, reversibility, multistimuli responsiveness, and smart adhesion for efficient shape transformation and functional actuations. First, the capability of fast reconfiguration of 2D and 3D structures in a reversible way is a critical requirement for programmable matter. For the fast and reversible reconfiguration, various approaches

  18. Design and Implementation of an RDP Device Driver for Windows 2000

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭毓安; 曹元大

    2003-01-01

    A redundant data path(RDP) device driver for Windows 2000 is proposed and implemented to provide automatic transparent failover and load balancing across multiple SCSI or fibre paths between the hosts and the storage subsystems. RDP driver is implemented as a filter driver on top of the traditional disk device driver, it is completely transparent to the upper file system and the lower level physical device. I/O requests bound for the disk device are routed first to the RDP driver, then RDP driver calls the disk driver to perform these I/O requests. RDP detects the path failure and reroutes all subsequent I/O traffic through survival paths. I/O requests are distributed to different physical paths to achieve the maximum throughput. The multi-layered device driver approach significantly reduces the implementation overhead and improves portability, and does not require any changes to the OS or the on-disk data layout. RDP driver keeps applications running under path fault conditions and improves disk I/O performance.

  19. Switchable reconfiguration of nucleic acid nanostructures by stimuli-responsive DNA machines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiaoqing; Lu, Chun-Hua; Willner, Itamar

    2014-06-17

    CONSPECTUS: The base sequence in DNA dictates structural and reactivity features of the biopolymer. These properties are implemented to use DNA as a unique material for developing the area of DNA nanotechnology. The design of DNA machines represents a rapidly developing research field in the area of DNA nanotechnology. The present Account discusses the switchable reconfiguration of nucleic acid nanostructures by stimuli-responsive DNA machines, and it highlights potential applications and future perspectives of the area. Programmed switchable DNA machines driven by various fuels and antifuels, such as pH, Hg(2+) ions/cysteine, or nucleic acid strands/antistrands, are described. These include the assembly of DNA tweezers, walkers, a rotor, a pendulum, and more. Using a pH-oscillatory system, the oscillatory mechanical operation of a DNA pendulum is presented. Specifically, the synthesis and "mechanical" properties of interlocked DNA rings are described. This is exemplified with the preparation of interlocked DNA catenanes and a DNA rotaxane. The dynamic fuel-driven reconfiguration of the catenane/rotaxane structures is followed by fluorescence spectroscopy. The use of DNA machines as functional scaffolds to reconfigurate Au nanoparticle assemblies and to switch the fluorescence features within fluorophore/Au nanoparticle conjugates between quenching and surface-enhanced fluorescence states are addressed. Specifically, the fluorescence features of the different DNA machines are characterized as a function of the spatial separation between the fluorophore and Au nanoparticles. The experimental results are supported by theoretical calculations. The future development of reconfigurable stimuli-responsive DNA machines involves fundamental challenges, such as the synthesis of molecular devices exhibiting enhanced complexities, the introduction of new fuels and antifuels, and the integration of new payloads being reconfigured by the molecular devices, such as enzymes or

  20. PANATIKI: a network access control implementation based on PANA for IoT devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno Sanchez, Pedro; Marin Lopez, Rafa; Gomez Skarmeta, Antonio F

    2013-11-01

    Internet of Things (IoT) networks are the pillar of recent novel scenarios, such as smart cities or e-healthcare applications. Among other challenges, these networks cover the deployment and interaction of small devices with constrained capabilities and Internet protocol (IP)-based networking connectivity. These constrained devices usually require connection to the Internet to exchange information (e.g., management or sensing data) or access network services. However, only authenticated and authorized devices can, in general, establish this connection. The so-called authentication, authorization and accounting (AAA) services are in charge of performing these tasks on the Internet. Thus, it is necessary to deploy protocols that allow constrained devices to verify their credentials against AAA infrastructures. The Protocol for Carrying Authentication for Network Access (PANA) has been standardized by the Internet engineering task force (IETF) to carry the Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP), which provides flexible authentication upon the presence of AAA. To the best of our knowledge, this paper is the first deep study of the feasibility of EAP/PANA for network access control in constrained devices. We provide light-weight versions and implementations of these protocols to fit them into constrained devices. These versions have been designed to reduce the impact in standard specifications. The goal of this work is two-fold: (1) to demonstrate the feasibility of EAP/PANA in IoT devices; (2) to provide the scientific community with the first light-weight interoperable implementation of EAP/PANA for constrained devices in the Contiki operating system (Contiki OS), called PANATIKI. The paper also shows a testbed, simulations and experimental results obtained from real and simulated constrained devices.

  1. A new design and implementation of an infrared device driver in embedded Linux systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Li-li; Cui, Hua; Wang, Ru-li

    2009-07-01

    Wireless infrared communication systems are widely-used for the remote controls in portable terminals, particularly for systems requiring low cost, light weight, moderate data rates. They have already proven their electiveness for short-range temporary communications and in high data rate longer range point-to-point systems. This paper proposes the issue of design and implementation of an infrared device driver in a personal portable intelligent digital infrared communications system. After analyzing the various constraints, we use the embedded system based on Samsung S3C2440A 32-bit processor and Linux operating system to design the driver program. The program abandons its traditional Serial interface control mode, uses the generic GPIO to achieve infrared receiver device driver, and intends a user-defined communication protocol which is much more simple and convenient instead of traditional infrared communication protocol to design the character device drivers for the infrared receiver. The communication protocol uses interrupt counter to determine to receive the value and the first code.In this paper, the interrupt handling and an I/O package to reuse Linux device drivers in embedded system is introduced. Via this package, the whole Linux device driver source tree can be reused without any modifications. The driver program can set up and initialize the infrared device, transfer data between the device and the software, configure the device, monitor and trace the status of the device, reset the device, and shut down the device as requested. At last infrared test procedure was prepared and some testing and evaluations were made in a mobile infrared intelligent cicerone system, and the test result shows that the design is simple, practical, with advantages such as easy transplantation, strong reliability and convenience.

  2. Design Flow Instantiation for Run-Time Reconfigurable Systems: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Qu

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Reconfigurable system is a promising alternative to deliver both flexibility and performance at the same time. New reconfigurable technologies and technology-dependent tools have been developed, but a complete overview of the whole design flow for run-time reconfigurable systems is missing. In this work, we present a design flow instantiation for such systems using a real-life application. The design flow is roughly divided into two parts: system level and implementation. At system level, our supports for hardware resource estimation and performance evaluation are applied. At implementation level, technology-dependent tools are used to realize the run-time reconfiguration. The design case is part of a WCDMA decoder on a commercially available reconfigurable platform. The results show that using run-time reconfiguration can save over 40% area when compared to a functionally equivalent fixed system and achieve 30 times speedup in processing time when compared to a functionally equivalent pure software design.

  3. Reconfigurable nanomechanical photonic metamaterials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheludev, Nikolay I; Plum, Eric

    2016-01-01

    The changing balance of forces at the nanoscale offers the opportunity to develop a new generation of spatially reconfigurable nanomembrane metamaterials in which electromagnetic Coulomb, Lorentz and Ampère forces, as well as thermal stimulation and optical signals, can be engaged to dynamically change their optical properties. Individual building blocks of such metamaterials, the metamolecules, and their arrays fabricated on elastic dielectric membranes can be reconfigured to achieve optical modulation at high frequencies, potentially reaching the gigahertz range. Mechanical and optical resonances enhance the magnitude of actuation and optical response within these nanostructures, which can be driven by electric signals of only a few volts or optical signals with power of only a few milliwatts. We envisage switchable, electro-optical, magneto-optical and nonlinear metamaterials that are compact and silicon-nanofabrication-technology compatible with functionalities surpassing those of natural media by orders of magnitude in some key design parameters.

  4. Delay Time Analysis of Reconfigurable Firewall Unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomoaki Sato

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A firewall function is indispensable for mobile devices and it demands low-power operations. To realize this demand, the authors have developed a firewall unit with a reconfigurable device. The firewall unit needs a large amount of register for the timing adjustment of packets. Using the registers is the cause of power consumption. In this paper, to solve the problem of power consumption, the firewall unit has developed by using wave-pipelining technique and detailed delay time for the technique is analyzed.

  5. Bandwidth Reconfigurable Metamaterial Arrays

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathanael J. Smith

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Metamaterial structures provide innovative ways to manipulate electromagnetic wave responses to realize new applications. This paper presents a conformal wideband metamaterial array that achieves as much as 10 : 1 continuous bandwidth. This was done by using interelement coupling to concurrently achieve significant wave slow-down and cancel the inductance stemming from the ground plane. The corresponding equivalent circuit of the resulting array is the same as that of classic metamaterial structures. In this paper, we present a wideband Marchand-type balun with validation measurements demonstrating the metamaterial (MTM array’s bandwidth from 280 MHz to 2800 MHz. Bandwidth reconfiguration of this class of array is then demonstrated achieving a variety of band-pass or band-rejection responses within its original bandwidth. In contrast with previous bandwidth and frequency response reconfigurations, our approach does not change the aperture’s or ground plane’s geometry, nor does it introduce external filtering structures. Instead, the new responses are realized by making simple circuit changes into the balanced feed integrated with the wideband MTM array. A variety of circuit changes can be employed using MEMS switches or variable lumped loads within the feed and 5 example band-pass and band-rejection responses are presented. These demonstrate the potential of the MTM array’s reconfiguration to address a variety of responses.

  6. A Strategic Design of an Opto-Chemical Security Device with Resettable and Reconfigurable Password Based Upon Dual Channel Two-in-One Chemosensor Molecule

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majumdar, Tapas; Haldar, Basudeb; Mallick, Arabinda

    2017-02-01

    A simple strategy is proposed to design and develop an intelligent device based on dual channel ion responsive spectral properties of a commercially available molecule, harmine (HM). The system can process different sets of opto-chemical inputs generating different patterns as fluorescence outputs at specific wavelengths which can provide an additional level of protection exploiting both password and pattern recognitions. The proposed system could have the potential to come up with highly secured combinatorial locks at the molecular level that could pose valuable real time and on-site applications for user authentication.

  7. Reconfigurable Fault Tolerance for FPGAs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuler, Robert, Jr.

    2010-01-01

    The invention allows a field-programmable gate array (FPGA) or similar device to be efficiently reconfigured in whole or in part to provide higher capacity, non-redundant operation. The redundant device consists of functional units such as adders or multipliers, configuration memory for the functional units, a programmable routing method, configuration memory for the routing method, and various other features such as block RAM, I/O (random access memory, input/output) capability, dedicated carry logic, etc. The redundant device has three identical sets of functional units and routing resources and majority voters that correct errors. The configuration memory may or may not be redundant, depending on need. For example, SRAM-based FPGAs will need some type of radiation-tolerant configuration memory, or they will need triple-redundant configuration memory. Flash or anti-fuse devices will generally not need redundant configuration memory. Some means of loading and verifying the configuration memory is also required. These are all components of the pre-existing redundant FPGA. This innovation modifies the voter to accept a MODE input, which specifies whether ordinary voting is to occur, or if redundancy is to be split. Generally, additional routing resources will also be required to pass data between sections of the device created by splitting the redundancy. In redundancy mode, the voters produce an output corresponding to the two inputs that agree, in the usual fashion. In the split mode, the voters select just one input and convey this to the output, ignoring the other inputs. In a dual-redundant system (as opposed to triple-redundant), instead of a voter, there is some means to latch or gate a state update only when both inputs agree. In this case, the invention would require modification of the latch or gate so that it would operate normally in redundant mode, and would separately latch or gate the inputs in non-redundant mode.

  8. A Vector-Like Reconfigurable Floating-Point Unit for the Logarithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolaos Alachiotis

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of reconfigurable computing for accelerating floating-point intensive codes is becoming common due to the availability of DSPs in new-generation FPGAs. We present the design of an efficient, pipelined floating-point datapath for calculating the logarithm function on reconfigurable devices. We integrate the datapath into a stand-alone LUT-based (Lookup Table component, the LAU (Logarithm Approximation Unit. We extended the LAU, by integrating two architecturally independent, LAU-based datapaths into a larger component, the VLAU (vector-like LAU. The VLAU produces 2 results/cycle, while occupying the same amount of memory as the LAU. Under single precision, one LAU is 12 and 1.7 times faster than the GNU and Intel Math Kernel Library (MKL implementations, respectively. The LAU is also 1.6 times faster than the FloPoCo reconfigurable logarithm architecture. Under double precision, one LAU is 20 and 2.6 times faster than the respective GNU and MKL functions and 1.4 times faster than the FloPoCo logarithm. The VLAU is approximately twice as fast as the LAU, both under single and double precision.

  9. Reconfigurable Infrared Phased-Array Semiconductor Metasurfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuller, Jon

    The ability to engineer the scattering phase of metamaterial constituents offers tremendous potential for constructing new classes of beam steering, shaping, and focusing technologies. Current methods for engineering phase rely on static geometry-based effects. In this talk we describe methods to dynamically tune the scattering phase of infrared semiconductor nanoantennas. We fabricate spherical silicon and germanium nanoparticles via femtosecond laser ablation and demonstrate size-dependent multipolar resonances throughout the infrared frequency range. We experimentally demonstrate that the resonance frequencies shift with doping, according to simple Drude models of free-carrier refraction. Using a combination of theoretical and analytical calculations we show that dynamically tuning free-carrier concentration can enable reconfigurable optical antennas and metasurfaces. Such dynamic tuning will enable reconfigurable photonic devices based on optical antenna and metamaterial concepts.

  10. A frequency reconfigurable antenna based on digital microfluidics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damgaci, Yasin; Cetiner, Bedri A

    2013-08-07

    We present a novel antenna reconfiguration mechanism relying on electrowetting based digital microfluidics to implement a frequency reconfigurable antenna operating in the X-band. The antenna built on a quartz substrate (εr = 3.9, tan δ = 0.0002) is a coplanar waveguide fed annular slot antenna, which is monolithically integrated with a microfluidic chip. This chip establishes an electrowetting on dielectric platform with a mercury droplet placed in it. The base contact area of the mercury droplet can be spread out by electrostatic actuation resulting in a change of loading capacitance. This in turn changes the resonant frequency of the antenna enabling a reversible reconfigurable impedance property. This reconfigurable antenna has been designed, fabricated and measured. The frequency of operation is tuned from around 11 GHz to 13 GHz as demonstrated by simulations and measurements. The design methodology, fabrication processes and the experimental results are given and discussed.

  11. Water equivalent thickness analysis of immobilization devices for clinical implementation in proton therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wroe, A J; Ghebremedhin, A; Gordon, I R; Schulte, R W; Slater, J D

    2014-10-01

    Immobilization devices can impact not only the inter- and intra-fraction motion of the patient, but also the range uncertainty of the treatment beam in proton therapy. In order to limit additional range uncertainty, the water equivalent thickness (WET) of the immobilization device needs to be well known and accurately reflected in the calculations by the treatment planning system (TPS). The method presented here focusses on the use of a nozzle-mounted variable range shifter and precision-machined polystyrene blocks of known WET to evaluate commercial immobilization devices prior to clinical implementation. CT studies were also completed to evaluate the internal uniformity of the immobilization devices under study. Mul- tiple inserts of the kVue platform (Qfix Systems, Avondale, PA) were evaluated as part of this study. The results indicate that the inserts are largely interchangeable across a given design type and that the measured WET values agree with those generated by the TPS with a maxi- mum difference less than 1 mm. The WET of the devices, as determined by the TPS, was not impacted by CT beam hardening normally experienced during clinical use. The reproduc- ibility of the WET method was also determined to be better than ±0.02 mm. In conclusion, the testing of immobilization prior to implementation in proton therapy is essential in order to ascertain their impact on the proton treatment and the methodology described here can also be applied to other immobilization systems.

  12. 3.8-ms latency correlation tracker for active mirror control based on a reconfigurable interface to a standard workstation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shand, Mark; Wei, Wang; Scharmer, Goran B.

    1995-09-01

    We describe the use of a reconfigurable interface board based on FPGAs and a UNIX workstation to implement a correlation tracker with 3.8ms latency. The correlation tracker is part of an active mirror system in use at the Swedish Vacuum Solar Telescope, La Palma, Canary Islands. The reconfigurable interface is used to leverage the workstation CPU, relieving it of tasks that it performs poorly such as rapid context switching and low-level bit manipulation. The reconfigurable interface handles control of external devices, high- performance input (16 MB/s) and data preformatting. The workstation CPU, a 64-bit microprocessor, performs the bulk of the computation. For the key computations of the correlation tracker we are able to treat 8 pixels in parallel in the CPU's 64-bit integer datapath. We present the structure of the CCD interface configuration and the implementations of the key algorithms on the workstation CPU. We describe the design trade-offs that arose during the development of the system, and demonstrate the symbiosis between components implemented in software and configurable hardware.

  13. Lagrangian methods for blood damage estimation in cardiovascular devices--How numerical implementation affects the results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marom, Gil; Bluestein, Danny

    2016-01-01

    This paper evaluated the influence of various numerical implementation assumptions on predicting blood damage in cardiovascular devices using Lagrangian methods with Eulerian computational fluid dynamics. The implementation assumptions that were tested included various seeding patterns, stochastic walk model, and simplified trajectory calculations with pathlines. Post processing implementation options that were evaluated included single passage and repeated passages stress accumulation and time averaging. This study demonstrated that the implementation assumptions can significantly affect the resulting stress accumulation, i.e., the blood damage model predictions. Careful considerations should be taken in the use of Lagrangian models. Ultimately, the appropriate assumptions should be considered based the physics of the specific case and sensitivity analysis, similar to the ones presented here, should be employed.

  14. Optimization of metallic microheaters for high-speed reconfigurable silicon photonics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atabaki, A H; Shah Hosseini, E; Eftekhar, A A; Yegnanarayanan, S; Adibi, A

    2010-08-16

    The strong thermooptic effect in silicon enables low-power and low-loss reconfiguration of large-scale silicon photonics. Thermal reconfiguration through the integration of metallic microheaters has been one of the more widely used reconfiguration techniques in silicon photonics. In this paper, structural and material optimizations are carried out through heat transport modeling to improve the reconfiguration speed of such devices, and the results are experimentally verified. Around 4 micros reconfiguration time are shown for the optimized structures. Moreover, sub-microsecond reconfiguration time is experimentally demonstrated through the pulsed excitation of the microheaters. The limitation of this pulsed excitation scheme is also discussed through an accurate system-level model developed for the microheater response.

  15. A Reconfigurable and Biologically Inspired Paradigm for Computation Using Network-On-Chip and Spiking Neural Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jim Harkin

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available FPGA devices have emerged as a popular platform for the rapid prototyping of biological Spiking Neural Networks (SNNs applications, offering the key requirement of reconfigurability. However, FPGAs do not efficiently realise the biologically plausible neuron and synaptic models of SNNs, and current FPGA routing structures cannot accommodate the high levels of interneuron connectivity inherent in complex SNNs. This paper highlights and discusses the current challenges of implementing scalable SNNs on reconfigurable FPGAs. The paper proposes a novel field programmable neural network architecture (EMBRACE, incorporating low-power analogue spiking neurons, interconnected using a Network-on-Chip architecture. Results on the evaluation of the EMBRACE architecture using the XOR benchmark problem are presented, and the performance of the architecture is discussed. The paper also discusses the adaptability of the EMBRACE architecture in supporting fault tolerant computing.

  16. Implementation of Order-wire Functionality in IRITEL NG-SDH devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Katanić

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the implementation of order-wire functionality in NG-SDH devices ODS2G5 and OTS622 IRITEL. The paper also describes the operation of order-wire in networks with arbitrary topologies, as well as the configuration of order-wire functionality by using network management software SUNCE. The presented solution for order-wire functionality is compared with VoIP solutions. The paper shows that the presented solution provides fast reaction to network failures, while keeping the implementation simple.

  17. A Reconfigurable FPGA System for Parallel Independent Component Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Du Hongtao

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A run-time reconfigurable field programmable gate array (FPGA system is presented for the implementation of the parallel independent component analysis (ICA algorithm. In this work, we investigate design challenges caused by the capacity constraints of single FPGA. Using the reconfigurability of FPGA, we show how to manipulate the FPGA-based system and execute processes for the parallel ICA (pICA algorithm. During the implementation procedure, pICA is first partitioned into three temporally independent function blocks, each of which is synthesized by using several ICA-related reconfigurable components (RCs that are developed for reuse and retargeting purposes. All blocks are then integrated into a design and development environment for performing tasks such as FPGA optimization, placement, and routing. With partitioning and reconfiguration, the proposed reconfigurable FPGA system overcomes the capacity constraints for the pICA implementation on embedded systems. We demonstrate the effectiveness of this implementation on real images with large throughput for dimensionality reduction in hyperspectral image (HSI analysis.

  18. Software-Reconfigurable Processors for Spacecraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrington, Allen; Gray, Andrew; Bell, Bryan; Stanton, Valerie; Chong, Yong; Peters, Kenneth; Lee, Clement; Srinivasan, Jeffrey

    2005-01-01

    A report presents an overview of an architecture for a software-reconfigurable network data processor for a spacecraft engaged in scientific exploration. When executed on suitable electronic hardware, the software performs the functions of a physical layer (in effect, acts as a software radio in that it performs modulation, demodulation, pulse-shaping, error correction, coding, and decoding), a data-link layer, a network layer, a transport layer, and application-layer processing of scientific data. The software-reconfigurable network processor is undergoing development to enable rapid prototyping and rapid implementation of communication, navigation, and scientific signal-processing functions; to provide a long-lived communication infrastructure; and to provide greatly improved scientific-instrumentation and scientific-data-processing functions by enabling science-driven in-flight reconfiguration of computing resources devoted to these functions. This development is an extension of terrestrial radio and network developments (e.g., in the cellular-telephone industry) implemented in software running on such hardware as field-programmable gate arrays, digital signal processors, traditional digital circuits, and mixed-signal application-specific integrated circuits (ASICs).

  19. Compact, Frequency Reconfigurable, Printed Monopole Antenna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Gonçalves

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a possible implementation of a compact printed monopole antenna, useful to operate in UMTS and WLAN bands. In order to accomplish that, a miniaturization technique based on the application of chip inductors is used in conjunction with frequency reconfiguration capability. The chip inductors change the impedance response of the monopole, allowing to reduce the resonant frequency. In order to be able to operate the antenna in these two different frequencies, an antenna reconfiguration technique based on PIN diodes is applied. This procedure allows the change of the active form of the antenna leading to a shift in the resonant frequency. The prototype measurements show good agreement with the simulation results.

  20. Implementation of Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm with Superconducting Quantum-Interference Devices via Raman Transition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAN Zhi-Ming

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, a theoretical scheme is proposed to implement the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm with SQUIDs (superconducting quantum-interference devices) in cavity via Raman transition. The scheme only requires a quantized cavity field and classical microwave pulses. In this scheme, no transfer of quantum information between the SQUIDs and the cavity is required, the cavity field is only virtually excited and thus the cavity decay is suppressed.

  1. Implementation of a Mobile Device Controlled Multi-behavior Interactive Mobile Robot Over MR Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Wen-Yo; Guo, Jhu-Syuan; Hung, Ta-Chih; Hsu, Hui-Wen

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a mobile-device controlled multi-behavior interactive mobile robot. The proposed mobile robot is implemented under the technique of mixed reality. The proposed mobile robot has three basic locomotion behaviors that enable the mobile robot moving in a complex environment. The three basic interactive behaviors are: target navigation behavior, face tracking behavior, and obstacles avoidance behavior. The three behaviors are designed by the fuzzy controller, respectively. For ...

  2. Transparent Dynamic reconfiguration for CORBA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Almeida, João Paulo A.; Wegdam, Maarten; Sinderen, van Marten; Nieuwenhuis, Lambert; Blair, G.; Schmidt, D.; Tari, Z.

    2001-01-01

    Distributed systems with high availability requirements have to support some form of dynamic reconfiguration. This means that they must provide the ability to be maintained or upgraded without being taken off-line. Building a distributed system that allows dynamic reconfiguration is very intrusive t

  3. RF MEMS Based Reconfigurable Antennas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simons, Rainee N.

    2004-01-01

    The presentation will first of all address the advantages of RF MEMS circuit in antenna applications and also the need for electronically reconfigurable antennas. Next, discuss some of the recent examples of RF MEMS based reconfigurable microstrip antennas. Finally, conclude the talk with a summary of MEMS antenna performance.

  4. Tuning the tunneling probability by mechanical stress in Schottky barrier based reconfigurable nanowire transistors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldauf, Tim; Heinzig, André; Trommer, Jens; Mikolajick, Thomas; Weber, Walter Michael

    2017-02-01

    Mechanical stress is an established and important tool of the semiconductor industry to improve the performance of modern transistors. It is well understood for the enhancement of carrier mobility but rather unexplored for the control of the tunneling probability for injection dominated research devices based on tunneling phenomena, such as tunnel FETs, resonant tunnel FETs and reconfigurable Schottky FETs. In this work, the effect of stress on the tunneling probability and overall transistor characteristics is studied by three-dimensional device simulations in the example of reconfigurable silicon nanowire Schottky barrier transistors using two independently gated Schottky junctions. To this end, four different stress sources are investigated. The effects of mechanical stress on the average effective tunneling mass and on the multi-valley band structure applying the deformation potential theory are being considered. The transfer characteristics of strained transistors in n- and p-configuration and corresponding charge carrier tunneling are analyzed with respect to the current ratio between electron and hole conduction. For the implementation of these devices into complementary circuits, the mandatory current ratio of unity can be achieved by appropriate mechanical stress either by nanowire oxidation or the application of a stressed top layer.

  5. On-Chip Reconfigurable Hardware Accelerators for Popcount Computations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valery Sklyarov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Popcount computations are widely used in such areas as combinatorial search, data processing, statistical analysis, and bio- and chemical informatics. In many practical problems the size of initial data is very large and increase in throughput is important. The paper suggests two types of hardware accelerators that are (1 designed in FPGAs and (2 implemented in Zynq-7000 all programmable systems-on-chip with partitioning of algorithms that use popcounts between software of ARM Cortex-A9 processing system and advanced programmable logic. A three-level system architecture that includes a general-purpose computer, the problem-specific ARM, and reconfigurable hardware is then proposed. The results of experiments and comparisons with existing benchmarks demonstrate that although throughput of popcount computations is increased in FPGA-based designs interacting with general-purpose computers, communication overheads (in experiments with PCI express are significant and actual advantages can be gained if not only popcount but also other types of relevant computations are implemented in hardware. The comparison of software/hardware designs for Zynq-7000 all programmable systems-on-chip with pure software implementations in the same Zynq-7000 devices demonstrates increase in performance by a factor ranging from 5 to 19 (taking into account all the involved communication overheads between the programmable logic and the processing systems.

  6. A system-level design method for cognitive radio on a reconfigurable multi-processor architecture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhang, Qiwei; Kokkeler, A.B.J.; Smit, G.J.M.

    2007-01-01

    The future trend of software defined radio (SDR) platforms moves toward reconfigurable Multiprocessor System-on−Chips (MPSoCs). However, there is a gap between the modelling of the dynamic radio applications and the optimized implementation of the application on reconfigurable multiprocessor archite

  7. Reconfigurable Integrated Optoelectronics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Soref

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Integrated optics today is based upon chips of Si and InP. The future of this chip industry is probably contained in the thrust towards optoelectronic integrated circuits (OEICs and photonic integrated circuits (PICs manufactured in a high-volume foundry. We believe that reconfigurable OEICs and PICs, known as ROEICs and RPICs, constitute the ultimate embodiment of integrated photonics. This paper shows that any ROEIC-on-a-chip can be decomposed into photonic modules, some of them fixed and some of them changeable in function. Reconfiguration is provided by electrical control signals to the electro-optical building blocks. We illustrate these modules in detail and discuss 3D ROEIC chips for the highest-performance signal processing. We present examples of our module theory for RPIC optical lattice filters already constructed, and we propose new ROEICs for directed optical logic, large-scale matrix switching, and 2D beamsteering of a phased-array microwave antenna. In general, large-scale-integrated ROEICs will enable significant applications in computing, quantum computing, communications, learning, imaging, telepresence, sensing, RF/microwave photonics, information storage, cryptography, and data mining.

  8. Reconfigurable multiport EPON repeater

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oishi, Masayuki; Inohara, Ryo; Agata, Akira; Horiuchi, Yukio

    2009-11-01

    An extended reach EPON repeater is one of the solutions to effectively expand FTTH service areas. In this paper, we propose a reconfigurable multi-port EPON repeater for effective accommodation of multiple ODNs with a single OLT line card. The proposed repeater, which has multi-ports in both OLT and ODN sides, consists of TRs, BTRs with the CDR function and a reconfigurable electrical matrix switch, can accommodate multiple ODNs to a single OLT line card by controlling the connection of the matrix switch. Although conventional EPON repeaters require full OLT line cards to accommodate subscribers from the initial installation stage, the proposed repeater can dramatically reduce the number of required line cards especially when the number of subscribers is less than a half of the maximum registerable users per OLT. Numerical calculation results show that the extended reach EPON system with the proposed EPON repeater can save 17.5% of the initial installation cost compared with a conventional repeater, and can be less expensive than conventional systems up to the maximum subscribers especially when the percentage of ODNs in lightly-populated areas is higher.

  9. Low cost & fast turnaround: reconfigurable Graph-Based execution units

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smit, J.; Stekelenburg, M.; Klaassen, C.E.; Smit, G.; Havinga, P.; Mullender, S.

    1998-01-01

    New devices with the efficiency of full-custom designs and the programmability of FPGAs will ease many aspects of the design of complex systems, without the high cost of mask production. The possibility of in-circuit programming and even dynamic reconfiguration offers great advantages over the tradi

  10. Reconfigurable Braille display with phase change locking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soule, Cody W.; Lazarus, Nathan

    2016-07-01

    Automatically updated signs and displays for sighted people are common in today’s world. However, there is no cheap, low power equivalent available for the blind. This work demonstrates a reconfigurable Braille cell using the solid-to-liquid phase change of a low melting point alloy as a zero holding power locking mechanism. The device is actuated with the alloy in the liquid state, and is then allowed to solidify to lock the Braille dot in the actuated position. A low-cost manufacturing process is developed that includes molding of a rigid silicone to create pneumatic channels, and bonding of a thin membrane of a softer silicone on the surface for actuation. A plug of Field’s metal (melting point 62 °C) is placed in the pneumatic channels below each Braille dot to create the final device. The device is well suited for low duty cycle operation in applications such as signs, and is able to maintain its state indefinitely without additional power input. The display requires a pneumatic pressure of only 24 kPa for actuation, and reconfiguration has been demonstrated in less than a minute and a half.

  11. Modeling, Simulation, and Implementation of Solar-Driven Water-Splitting Devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Chengxiang; Weber, Adam Z; Ardo, Shane; Berger, Alan; Chen, YiKai; Coridan, Robert; Fountaine, Katherine T; Haussener, Sophia; Hu, Shu; Liu, Rui; Lewis, Nathan S; Modestino, Miguel A; Shaner, Matthew M; Singh, Meenesh R; Stevens, John C; Sun, Ke; Walczak, Karl

    2016-10-10

    An integrated cell for the solar-driven splitting of water consists of multiple functional components and couples various photoelectrochemical (PEC) processes at different length and time scales. The overall solar-to-hydrogen (STH) conversion efficiency of such a system depends on the performance and materials properties of the individual components as well as on the component integration, overall device architecture, and system operating conditions. This Review focuses on the modeling- and simulation-guided development and implementation of solar-driven water-splitting prototypes from a holistic viewpoint that explores the various interplays between the components. The underlying physics and interactions at the cell level is are reviewed and discussed, followed by an overview of the use of the cell model to provide target properties of materials and guide the design of a range of traditional and unique device architectures.

  12. Optimal Reconfiguration of Tetrahedral Formations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huntington, Geoffrey; Rao, Anil V.; Hughes, Steven P.

    2004-01-01

    The problem of minimum-fuel formation reconfiguration for the Magnetospheric Multi-Scale (MMS) mission is studied. This reconfiguration trajectory optimization problem can be posed as a nonlinear optimal control problem. In this research, this optimal control problem is solved using a spectral collocation method called the Gauss pseudospectral method. The objective of this research is to provide highly accurate minimum-fuel solutions to the MMS formation reconfiguration problem and to gain insight into the underlying structure of fuel-optimal trajectories.

  13. Diode-array UV solar spectroradiometer implementing a digital micromirror device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldman, A.; Burnitt, T.; Porrovecchio, G.; Smid, M.; Egli, L.; Gröbner, J.; Nield, K. M.

    2014-12-01

    The solar ultraviolet spectrum captured by commercially available diode-array spectroradiometers is dominated by stray light from longer wavelengths with higher intensity. The implementation of a digital micromirror device in an array spectroradiometer has the potential to enable the precise selection of desired wavelengths as well as the ability to reduce spectral intensity of some wavelengths via selective mirror modulation, both reducing long wavelength stray light. A prototype consisting of off-the-shelf components has been assembled to verify the validity of the base concept, and initial measurements have been performed to confirm the throughput and image qualities such as spectral resolution and astigmatism.

  14. Whispering Gallery Mode Resonator with Orthogonally Reconfigurable Filter Function

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maleki, Lute; Matsko, Andrey; Strekalov, Dmitry; Savchenkov, Anatoliy

    2008-01-01

    An optical resonator has been developed with reconfigurable filter function that has resonant lines that can be shifted precisely and independently from each other, creating any desirable combination of resonant lines. This is achieved by changing the axial distribution of the effective refractive index of the resonator, which shifts the resonant frequency of particular optical modes, leaving all the rest unchanged. A reconfigurable optical filter is part of the remote chemical detector proposed for the Mars mission (Planetary Instrument Definition and Development Program PIDDP), but it is also useful for photonic communications devices.

  15. Reconfigurable microfluidic pump enabled by opto-electrical-thermal transduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeuchi, Masaru; Hagiwara, Masaya; Haulot, Gauvain; Ho, Chih-Ming

    2013-10-01

    Flexible integration of a microfluidic system comprising pumps, valves, and microchannels was realized by an optoelectronic reconfigurable microchannels (OERM) technique. Projecting a low light fluidic device pattern—e.g., pumps, valves, and channels—onto an OERM platform generates Joule heating and melts the substrate in the bright area on the platform; thus, the fluidic system can be reconfigured by changing the projected light pattern. Hexadecane was used as the substrate of the microfluidic system. The volume change of hexadecane during the liquid-solid phase transition was utilized to generate pumping pressure. The system can pump nanoliters of water within several seconds.

  16. An Integrated Design and Verification Methodology for Reconfigurable Multimedia Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Borgatti, M; Rossi, U; Lambert, J -L; Moussa, I; Fummi, F; Pravadelli, G

    2011-01-01

    Recently a lot of multimedia applications are emerging on portable appliances. They require both the flexibility of upgradeable devices (traditionally software based) and a powerful computing engine (typically hardware). In this context, programmable HW and dynamic reconfiguration allow novel approaches to the migration of algorithms from SW to HW. Thus, in the frame of the Symbad project, we propose an industrial design flow for reconfigurable SoC's. The goal of Symbad consists of developing a system level design platform for hardware and software SoC systems including formal and semi-formal verification techniques.

  17. Recent Developments in Reconfigurable and Multiband Antenna Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Haider

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A comparative analysis of various reconfigurable and multiband antenna concepts is presented. In order to satisfy the requirements for the advanced systems used in modern wireless and radar applications, different multiband and reconfigurable antennas have been proposed and investigated in the past years. In this paper, these design concepts have been classified into three basic approaches: tunable/switchable antenna integration with radio-frequency switching devices, wideband or multiband antenna integration with tunable filters, and array architectures with the same aperture utilized for different operational modes. Examples of each design approach are discussed along with their inherent benefits and challenges.

  18. Reconfiguring Maternity Care?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannsen, Nis

    were not obstacles which the proposed changes should overcome, but are on the contrary necessary, as it is the alliances between the particular interests and the proposed changes that motor the initiatives. The interests were not invented through the initiatives but are formed through history. Although...... at a hospital and a group of researchers which included me. Both initiatives involved numerous seemingly different interests that were held together and related to reconfiguring maternity care. None of the initiatives can unequivocally be labelled a success, as neither managed to change maternity care, at least...... not in the intended manner. It was, however, an achievement to relate the different interests for a period. In this dissertation I will elucidate the proposed changes in the initiatives as well as expound on the manner in which they were proposed. It is argued that the different interests involved in the initiatives...

  19. Repetition or Reconfiguration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vaarst Andersen, Kristina

    Experience, measured as seniority, is seldom sufficient to explain individual professionals’ abilities to contribute with valuable knowledge to team production. We need to pay attention to professionals’ knowledge and its fit to the project they engage in. In many industries and settings, the cog......Experience, measured as seniority, is seldom sufficient to explain individual professionals’ abilities to contribute with valuable knowledge to team production. We need to pay attention to professionals’ knowledge and its fit to the project they engage in. In many industries and settings...... and reconfiguration. The results indicate that project performance benefits form contributions from individuals holding diverse knowledge only when projects aim for high differentiation levels. This positive association is not just moderated, it may even be reversed in the case of professionals participating in low...

  20. Design of reconfigurable low-complexity digital hearing aid using Farrow structure based variable bandwidth filters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nisha Haridas

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available A low complexity digital hearing aid is designed using a set of subband filters, for various audiograms. It is important for the device to be made of simple hardware, so that the device becomes less bulky. Hence, a low complexity design of reconfigurable filter is proposed in this paper. The tunable filter structure is designed using Farrow based variable bandwidth filter. The coefficients of the filter are expressed in canonic signed digit format. The performance can be enhanced using optimization algorithm. Here, we have explored the strength of hybrid evolutionary algorithms and compared their various combinations to select a proper coefficient representation for the Farrow based filter, which results in low complexity implementation.

  1. Fiber free plug and play on-chip scattering cytometer module – for implementation in microfluidic point of care devices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thomas Glasdam; Kutter, Jörg Peter

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we report on recent progress toward the development of a plug and play on-chip cytometer based on light scattering. By developing a device that does not depend on the critical alignment and cumbersome handling of fragile optical fibers, we approach a device that is suitable for non......-expert users and Point-Of-Care (POC) applications. It has been demonstrated that this device is capable of detecting and counting particles down to 1 μm at 100 particles per second. This device only depends on a single microfluidic channel. Hence, the device is easy to implement, or to use on its own....

  2. Reconfigurable, Digital EVA Radio Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The nature of human exploration missions to the Moon and Mars demands a frequency-agile, reconfigurable, durable digital radio delivering telemetry, ranging, voice,...

  3. Hardware-software Reconfigurable Techniques for Wireless Sensor Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Rajasekaran

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Now-a-days, the industrial based real time embedded applications are highly developed and they act as a major role in the production cost and real world safety environment. In that, one of the advanced technique is that reconfigurable techniques. This technique plays a major role with wireless sensor networks for the efficient data transmissions. In recent days, most of the industrial applications are works to minimize the size and cost of device. The foremost improvement of the reconfigurable technique is that it circumvents the unnecessary hang and deferral in the device performance. In modern biosphere, Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA is one of the supreme operative reconfigurable devices and generally used for most of the hardware and software reconfiguration applications. In this study, the exertion pacts with whatever going to make changes in the hardware and software during runtime, it should not disturb the present successively process. This is the main impartial of the study that the changes to be done in an analogous manner at the same time concentrating the cost and power transmission problems during data trans-receiving and also the results to be seen with the help of online manner via the Ethernet cable.

  4. Increasing operational command and control security by the implementation of device independent quantum key distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bovino, Fabio Antonio; Messina, Angelo

    2016-10-01

    In a very simplistic way, the Command and Control functions can be summarized as the need to provide the decision makers with an exhaustive, real-time, situation picture and the capability to convey their decisions down to the operational forces. This two-ways data and information flow is vital to the execution of current operations and goes far beyond the border of military operations stretching to Police and disaster recovery as well. The availability of off-the shelf technology has enabled hostile elements to endanger the security of the communication networks by violating the traditional security protocols and devices and hacking sensitive databases. In this paper an innovative approach based to implementing Device Independent Quantum Key Distribution system is presented. The use of this technology would prevent security breaches due to a stolen crypto device placed in an end-to-end communication chain. The system, operating with attenuated laser, is practical and provides the increasing of the distance between the legitimate users.

  5. Reconfiguration of sustainable thermoelectric generation using wireless sensor network

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chen, Min

    2014-01-01

    An adaptive reconfiguration controller is proposed to improve the power performance of thermoelectric module (TEM) arrays when the heat source temperature profile is not uniform and/or a portion of the TEMs in the system is degraded. Distributed control algorithms are also implemented by using...

  6. Reconfigurable Liquid Whispering Gallery Mode Microlasers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Shancheng; Ta, Van Duong; Wang, Yue; Chen, Rui; He, Tingchao; Demir, Hilmi Volkan; Sun, Handong

    2016-06-01

    Engineering photonic devices from liquid has been emerging as a fascinating research avenue. Reconfigurably tuning liquid optical micro-devices are highly desirable but remain extremely challenging because of the fluidic nature. In this article we demonstrate an all-liquid tunable whispering gallery mode microlaser floating on a liquid surface fabricated by using inkjet print technique. We show that the cavity resonance of such liquid lasers could be reconfigurably manipulated by surface tension alteration originated from the tiny concentration change of the surfactant in the supporting liquid. As such, remarkable sensing of water-soluble organic compounds with a sensitivity of free spectral range as high as 19.85 THz / (mol · mL-1) and the detectivity limit around 5.56 × 10-3 mol · mL-1 is achieved. Our work provides not only a novel approach to effectively tuning a laser resonator but also new insight into potential applications in biological, chemical and environmental sensing.

  7. Desenvolvimento de hardware reconfigurável de criptografia assimétrica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otávio Souza Martins Gomes

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta o resultado parcial do desenvolvimento de uma interface de hardware reconfigurável para criptografia assimétrica que permite a troca segura de dados. Hardwares reconfiguráveis permitem o desenvolvimento deste tipo de dispositivo com segurança e flexibilidade e possibilitam a mudança de características no projeto com baixo custo e de forma rápida.Palavras-chave: Criptografia. Hardware. ElGamal. FPGA. Segurança. Development of an asymmetric cryptography reconfigurable harwadre ABSTRACTThis paper presents some conclusions and choices about the development of an asymmetric cryptography reconfigurable hardware interface to allow a safe data communication. Reconfigurable hardwares allows the development of this kind of device with safety and flexibility, and offer the possibility to change some features with low cost and in a fast way.Keywords: Cryptography. Hardware. ElGamal. FPGAs. Security.

  8. Advances in Reconfigurable Mechanisms and Robots I

    CERN Document Server

    Zoppi, Matteo; Kong, Xianwen

    2012-01-01

    Advances in Reconfigurable Mechanisms and Robots I provides a selection of key papers presented in The Second ASME/IFToMM International Conference on Reconfigurable Mechanisms and Robots (ReMAR 2012) held on 9th -11th  July 2012 in Tianjin, China. This ongoing series of conferences will be covered in this ongoing collection of books.   A total of seventy-eight papers are divided into seven parts to cover the topology, kinematics and design of reconfigurable mechanisms with the reconfiguration theory, analysis and synthesis, and present the current research and development in the field of reconfigurable mechanisms including reconfigurable parallel mechanisms. In this aspect, the recent study and development of reconfigurable robots are further presented with the analysis and design and with their control and development. The bio-inspired mechanisms and subsequent reconfiguration are explored in the challenging fields of rehabilitation and minimally invasive surgery. Advances in Reconfigurable Mechanisms and ...

  9. Self-Reconfiguration of CPU- Enhancement in the Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prashant Singh Yadav

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the initial steps toward a distributed system that can optimize its performance by learning to reconfigure CPU and memory resources in reaction to current workload. We present a learning framework that uses standard system-monitoring tools to identify preferable configurations and their quantitative performance effects. The framework requires no instrumentation of the middleware or of the operating system. Using results from an implementation of the TPC Benchmark™ W (TPC-W online transaction-processing benchmark, we demonstrate a significant performance benefit to reconfiguration in response to workload changes.

  10. Reconfigurable L-band Radar Transceiver using Digital Signal Synthesis Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — IAI proposes to develop a reconfigurable L-band radar transceiver module. The emphasis will be to implement most of critical radar functionalities like: ? Baseband...

  11. Development of Elastomeric Optofluidic Devices for Lasing and Sensing

    OpenAIRE

    Song, Wuzhou

    2012-01-01

    The term of optofluidics defines an emergent research field that combines microfluidics and optics. In many lab-on-a-chip applications, these two technologies are used in combining the microfluidics for sample delivery and optics for sensing and controlling. Optofluidic represents the implementation of optics in microfluidic platform that produces an unprecedented level of integration. Moreover, optofluidic devices are easily and highly reconfigurable, which can be a significant advantag...

  12. A Reconfigurable Microfluidics Platform for Microparticle Separation and Fluid Mixing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Young Ki Hahn

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Microfluidics is an engineering tool used to control and manipulate fluid flows, with practical applications for lab-on-a-chip, point-of-care testing, and biological/medical research. However, microfluidic platforms typically lack the ability to create a fluidic duct, having an arbitrary flow path, and to change the path as needed without additional design and fabrication processes. To address this challenge, we present a simple yet effective approach for facile, on-demand reconfiguration of microfluidic channels using flexible polymer tubing. The tubing provides both a well-defined, cross-sectional geometry to allow reliable fluidic operation and excellent flexibility to achieve a high degree of freedom for reconfiguration of flow pathways. We demonstrate that microparticle separation and fluid mixing can be successfully implemented by reconfiguring the shape of the tubing. The tubing is coiled around a 3D-printed barrel to make a spiral microchannel with a constant curvature for inertial separation of microparticles. Multiple knots are also made in the tubing to create a highly tortuous flow path, which induces transverse secondary flows, Dean flows, and, thus, enhances the mixing of fluids. The reconfigurable microfluidics approach, with advantages including low-cost, simplicity, and ease of use, can serve as a promising complement to conventional microfabrication methods, which require complex fabrication processes with expensive equipment and lack a degree of freedom for reconfiguration.

  13. Ingredients of Adaptability: A Survey of Reconfigurable Processors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anupam Chattopadhyay

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available For a design to survive unforeseen physical effects like aging, temperature variation, and/or emergence of new application standards, adaptability needs to be supported. Adaptability, in its complete strength, is present in reconfigurable processors, which makes it an important IP in modern System-on-Chips (SoCs. Reconfigurable processors have risen to prominence as a dominant computing platform across embedded, general-purpose, and high-performance application domains during the last decade. Significant advances have been made in many areas such as, identifying the advantages of reconfigurable platforms, their modeling, implementation flow and finally towards early commercial acceptance. This paper reviews these progresses from various perspectives with particular emphasis on fundamental challenges and their solutions. Empowered with the analysis of past, the future research roadmap is proposed.

  14. Analysis of Reconfigured Control Loop with a Virtual Actuator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Filasova

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Control reconfiguration changes the control structure in response to a fault detected in the plant. This becomes necessary, because a major fault like loss of an actuator breaks the corresponding control loop and therefore renders the whole system inoperable.  An important aim of control reconfiguration is to change the control structure as little as possible, since every change bears the potential of practical problems. The proposed solution is to keep the original controller in the loop and to add an extension called virtual actuator that implements the necessary changes of the control structure. The virtual actuator translates between the signals of the nominal controller and the signal of the faulty plants. This paper is concerned with the analysis of reconfigured loop with a virtual actuator for the system with the faulty actuator. The proposed analysis is illustrated on numerical example.

  15. Image processing algorithm acceleration using reconfigurable macro processor model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙广富; 陈华明; 卢焕章

    2004-01-01

    The concept and advantage of reconfigurable technology is introduced. A kind of processor architecture of reconfigurable macro processor (RMP) model based on FPGA array and DSP is put forward and has been implemented.Two image algorithms are developed: template-based automatic target recognition and zone labeling. One is estimating for motion direction in the infrared image background, another is line picking-up algorithm based on image zone labeling and phase grouping technique. It is a kind of "hardware" function that can be called by the DSP in high-level algorithm.It is also a kind of hardware algorithm of the DSP. The results of experiments show the reconfigurable computing technology based on RMP is an ideal accelerating means to deal with the high-speed image processing tasks. High real time performance is obtained in our two applications on RMP.

  16. Electronically reconfigurable metal-on-silicon metamaterial

    CERN Document Server

    Urzhumov, Yaroslav; Tyler, Talmage; Dhar, Sulochana; Nguyen, Vinh; Jokerst, Nan M; Schmalenberg, Paul; Smith, David R

    2012-01-01

    Reconfigurable metamaterial-based apertures can play a unique role in both imaging and in beam-forming applications, where current technology relies mostly on the fabrication and integration of large detector or antenna arrays. Here, we report the experimental demonstration of a voltage-controlled, silicon-based electromagnetic metamaterial operating in the W-band (75-110 GHz). In this composite semiconductor metamaterial, patterned gold metamaterial elements serve both to manage electromagnetic wave propagation while simultaneously acting as electrical Schottky contacts that control the local conductivity of the semiconductor substrate. The active device layers consist of a patterned metal on a 2-{\\mu}m-thick n-doped silicon layer, adhesively bonded to a transparent Pyrex wafer. The transmittance of the composite metamaterial can be modulated over a given frequency band as a function of bias voltage. We demonstrate a quantitative understanding of the composite device through the application of numerical appr...

  17. Development of a Reconfigurable Platform for Manufacturing Equipment Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FENG Shouting; LI Di; CHENG Xiangyu

    2006-01-01

    In modern manufacturing equipment control area, controller is required to deliver higher computing capability for adopting advanced algorithms to meet speed and accuracy requirements, and reconfigurabilities for changing or (and) adding features or functions. This paper presents a methodology in design and implementation of a high performance and reconfigurable platform for manufacturing equipment control. This methodology is in virtue of system on a programmable chip (SoPC) technology but replacing the on-chip processor by an external high performance, floating-point digital signal processor (DSP). The application of the DSP is designed as a multi-threaded framework, which has more flexibilities than a traditional single-loop one. Furthermore, the field programmable gate array (FPGA) system can be reconfigured easily and quickly to meet a new requirement by dragging and dropping pre-built components in a SoPC building environment. As a result, the controller platform is more reconfigurable in terms of algorithms and functions. This platform is implemented in a 3-axis milling machine control and the result indicates that the design and implementation presented in this paper is feasible.

  18. Reconfigurable Multiparameter Biosignal Acquisition SoC for Low Power Wearable Platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jongpal Kim

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available A low power and low noise reconfigurable analog front-end (AFE system on a chip (SoC for biosignal acquisition is presented. The presented AFE can be reconfigured for use in electropotential, bioimpedance, electrochemical, and photoelectrical modes. The advanced healthcare services based on multiparameter physiological biosignals can be easily implemented with these multimodal and highly reconfigurable features of the proposed system. The reconfigurable gain and input referred noise of the core instrumentation amplifier block are 25 dB to 52 dB, and 1 μVRMS, respectively. The power consumption of the analog blocks in one readout channel is less than 52 μW. The reconfigurable capability among various modes of applications including electrocardiogram, blood glucose concentration, respiration, and photoplethysmography are shown experimentally.

  19. Reconfigurable Multiparameter Biosignal Acquisition SoC for Low Power Wearable Platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jongpal; Ko, Hyoungho

    2016-01-01

    A low power and low noise reconfigurable analog front-end (AFE) system on a chip (SoC) for biosignal acquisition is presented. The presented AFE can be reconfigured for use in electropotential, bioimpedance, electrochemical, and photoelectrical modes. The advanced healthcare services based on multiparameter physiological biosignals can be easily implemented with these multimodal and highly reconfigurable features of the proposed system. The reconfigurable gain and input referred noise of the core instrumentation amplifier block are 25 dB to 52 dB, and 1 μVRMS, respectively. The power consumption of the analog blocks in one readout channel is less than 52 μW. The reconfigurable capability among various modes of applications including electrocardiogram, blood glucose concentration, respiration, and photoplethysmography are shown experimentally. PMID:27898004

  20. Reconfigurable Multiparameter Biosignal Acquisition SoC for Low Power Wearable Platform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jongpal; Ko, Hyoungho

    2016-11-25

    A low power and low noise reconfigurable analog front-end (AFE) system on a chip (SoC) for biosignal acquisition is presented. The presented AFE can be reconfigured for use in electropotential, bioimpedance, electrochemical, and photoelectrical modes. The advanced healthcare services based on multiparameter physiological biosignals can be easily implemented with these multimodal and highly reconfigurable features of the proposed system. The reconfigurable gain and input referred noise of the core instrumentation amplifier block are 25 dB to 52 dB, and 1 μVRMS, respectively. The power consumption of the analog blocks in one readout channel is less than 52 μW. The reconfigurable capability among various modes of applications including electrocardiogram, blood glucose concentration, respiration, and photoplethysmography are shown experimentally.

  1. Implementation of a Low-Cost Mobile Devices to Support Medical Diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos García Sánchez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Medical imaging has become an absolutely essential diagnostic tool for clinical practices; at present, pathologies can be detected with an earliness never before known. Its use has not only been relegated to the field of radiology but also, increasingly, to computer-based imaging processes prior to surgery. Motion analysis, in particular, plays an important role in analyzing activities or behaviors of live objects in medicine. This short paper presents several low-cost hardware implementation approaches for the new generation of tablets and/or smartphones for estimating motion compensation and segmentation in medical images. These systems have been optimized for breast cancer diagnosis using magnetic resonance imaging technology with several advantages over traditional X-ray mammography, for example, obtaining patient information during a short period. This paper also addresses the challenge of offering a medical tool that runs on widespread portable devices, both on tablets and/or smartphones to aid in patient diagnostics.

  2. Application of piezoelectric devices to vibration suppression - From modeling and controller designs to implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Won, Chin C.; Sparks, Dean; Belvin, Keith; Sulla, Jeff

    1992-01-01

    Embedded piezoelectric devices may be ideally suited for vibration control of space structures, which lack an inertial ground. When subjected to an input voltage, an embedded piezoelectric actuator changes its dimensions, which in turn generates a pair of forces exerted on adjacent structural members. From the direct piezoelectric effect, an embedded piezoelectric transducer generates an electric charge proportional to the structural dynamic response. In this paper, the implementation, testing and modeling of an active truss structure consisting of piezoelectric sensors and actuators are described. Linear quadratic Gaussian (LQG), second-order, and direct rate feedback control schemes are designed to suppress the vibrations of the active structure. Simulation and test results are presented. It is shown that special model reduction considerations are required to achieve good correlation between test and analysis.

  3. A Partitioning Methodology That Optimises the Area on Reconfigurable Real-Time Embedded Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanougast Camel

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available We provide a methodology used for the temporal partitioning of the data-path part of an algorithm for a reconfigurable embedded system. Temporal partitioning of applications for reconfigurable computing systems is a very active research field and some methods and tools have already been proposed. But all these methodologies target the domain of existing reconfigurable accelerators or reconfigurable processors. In this case, the number of cells in the reconfigurable array is an implementation constraint and the goal of an optimised partitioning is to minimise the processing time and/or the memory bandwidth requirement. Here, we present a strategy for partitioning and optimising designs. The originality of our method is that we use the dynamic reconfiguration in order to minimise the number of cells needed to implement the data path of an application under a time constraint. This approach can be useful for the design of an embedded system. Our approach is illustrated by a reconfigurable implementation of a real-time image processing data path.

  4. Ghost Particle Velocimetry implementation in millimeters devices and comparison with μPIV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riccomi, Marco; Alberini, Federico; Brunazzi, Elisabetta; Vigolo, Daniele

    2016-11-01

    Micro/milli-fluidic devices are becoming an important reference for several disciplines and are quickly increasing their applications in scientific, as well as industrial, environment. As a consequence, the development of techniques able to analyse these kinds of systems is required to allow their progress. Here we show the implementation of the Ghost Particle Velocimetry (GPV) for the flow velocity field investigation in milli-fluidic devices. This innovative technique has been recently introduced, and has been already proven to be useful in describing rapid phenomenon at a small scale. In this work, the GPV has been used to characterize the trapping of light suspended material in a branching junction. Experiments have been performed to identify the flow velocity field close to a millimeters scale T-junction, at different Reynolds numbers. Particularly interesting are the complex structures, such as vortices and recirculation zones, induced by the vortex breakdown phenomenon. The results obtained have been deeply validated and compared with the well-established μPIV, highlighting the differences in terms of qualitative and quantitative parameters. A performance comparison has been designed to underline the strengths and weaknesses of the two experimental techniques.

  5. Design of a cervical collar device to facilitate and accelerate implementation of first aid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Işık, Hakan; Saraçoğlu, Esra; Harmanci, Hüseyin; Güler, Inan

    2010-08-01

    Frequently there are disasters all over the world-fires, earthquakes, or even some unexpected shocking catastrophes. Hence people injured, or even died. Lifesaving actions begin with the initiation of the chain of survival. With every minute that passes without medical action being taken, the probability of being able to save the patients life decreases by ten percent. After 10 min there is normally no chance of resuscitation being successful. First aid is emergency treatment given before regular medical aid can be obtained. And it is a concept of first hands-on measures performed in a medical emergency by laypersons. The major aim of this study is to develop an easy-feasible cervical collar, for facilitating and accelerating implementation of first aid especially in case of collective injuries. The developed device is different from the cervical collars which are used to treat the neck pain. In the present study, the heartbeat is obtained by detecting pulse with the stethoscope that is a part of the developed device and fixed on the carorid artery. The obtained heartbeat signal has been processed by the electronic control circuit and the used LED has given light according to the patient's life signal. Although there are some disadvantages of the developed system, the precautions for these cases have been taken and the system has been tried to design in order to operate sensibly.

  6. Computational design of RNA parts, devices, and transcripts with kinetic folding algorithms implemented on multiprocessor clusters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thimmaiah, Tim; Voje, William E; Carothers, James M

    2015-01-01

    With progress toward inexpensive, large-scale DNA assembly, the demand for simulation tools that allow the rapid construction of synthetic biological devices with predictable behaviors continues to increase. By combining engineered transcript components, such as ribosome binding sites, transcriptional terminators, ligand-binding aptamers, catalytic ribozymes, and aptamer-controlled ribozymes (aptazymes), gene expression in bacteria can be fine-tuned, with many corollaries and applications in yeast and mammalian cells. The successful design of genetic constructs that implement these kinds of RNA-based control mechanisms requires modeling and analyzing kinetically determined co-transcriptional folding pathways. Transcript design methods using stochastic kinetic folding simulations to search spacer sequence libraries for motifs enabling the assembly of RNA component parts into static ribozyme- and dynamic aptazyme-regulated expression devices with quantitatively predictable functions (rREDs and aREDs, respectively) have been described (Carothers et al., Science 334:1716-1719, 2011). Here, we provide a detailed practical procedure for computational transcript design by illustrating a high throughput, multiprocessor approach for evaluating spacer sequences and generating functional rREDs. This chapter is written as a tutorial, complete with pseudo-code and step-by-step instructions for setting up a computational cluster with an Amazon, Inc. web server and performing the large numbers of kinefold-based stochastic kinetic co-transcriptional folding simulations needed to design functional rREDs and aREDs. The method described here should be broadly applicable for designing and analyzing a variety of synthetic RNA parts, devices and transcripts.

  7. Architecture, development and implementation of a SWIR to visible integrated up-conversion imaging device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarusi, Gabby; Templeman, Tzvi; Hechster, Elad; Nissim, Nimrod; Vitenberg, Vladimir; Maman, Nitzan; Tal, Amir; Solodar, Assi; Makov, Guy; Abdulhalim, Ibrahim; Visoly-Fisher, Iris; Golan, Yuval

    2016-04-01

    A new concept of short wavelength infrared (SWIR) to visible upconversion integrated imaging device is proposed, modeled and some initial measured results are presented. The device is a hybrid inorganic-organic device that comprises six nano-metric scale sub-layers grown on n-type GaAs substrates. The first layer is a ~300nm thick PbSe nano-columnar absorber layer grown in (111) orientation to the substrate plan (100), with a diameter of 8- 10nm and therefore exhibit quantum confinement effects parallel to the substrate and bulk properties perpendicular to it. The advantage of this structure is the high oscillator strength and hence absorption to incoming SWIR photons while maintaining the high bulk mobility of photo-excited charges along the columns. The top of the PbSe absorber layer is coated with 20nm thick metal layer that serves as a dual sided mirror, as well as a potentially surface plasmon enhanced absorption in the PbSe nano-columns layer. The photo-excited charges (holes and electrons in opposite directions) are drifted under an external applied field to the OLED section (that is composed of a hole transport layer, an emission layer and an electron transport layer) where they recombine with injected electron from the transparent cathode and emit visible light through this cathode. Due to the high absorption and enhanced transport properties this architecture has the potential of high quantum efficiency, low cost and easy implementation in any optical system. As a bench-mark, alternative concept where InGaAs/InP heterojunction couple to liquid crystal optical spatial light modulator (OSLM) structure was built that shows a full upconversion to visible of 1550nm laser light.

  8. On reconfigurable tiled multi-core programming

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rovers, Kenneth C.; Burgwal, van de Marcel D.; Kuper, Jan; Kokkeler, Andre B.J.; Smit, Gerard J.M.

    2009-01-01

    For a generic flexible efficient array antenna receiver platform a hierarchical reconfigurable tiled architecture has been proposed. The architecture provides a flexible reconfigurable solution, but partitioning, mapping, modelling and programming such systems remains an issue. A semantic model has

  9. Verification and Analysis of Implementing Virtual Electric Devices in Circuit Simulation of Pulsed DC Electrical Devices in the NI MULTISIM 10.1 Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Solov'ev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the analysis results of the implementation potential and evaluation of the virtual electric devices reliability when conducting circuit simulation of pulsed DC electrical devices in the NI Multisim 10.1environment. It analyses metrological properties of electric measuring devices and sensors of the NI Multisim 10.1environment. To calculate the reliable parameters of periodic non-sinusoidal electrical values based on their physical feasibility the mathematical expressions have been defined.To verify the virtual electric devices a circuit model of the power section of buck DC converter with enabled devices under consideration at its input and output is used as a consumer of pulse current of trapezoidal or triangular form. It is used as an example to show a technique to verify readings of virtual electric measuring devices in the NI Multisim 10.1environment.It is found that when simulating the pulsed DC electric devices to measure average and RMS voltage supply and current consumption values it is advisable to use the probe. Electric device power consumption read from the virtual power meter is equal to its average value, and its displayed power factor is inversely proportional to the input current form factor. To determine the RMS pulsed DC current by ammeter and multi-meter it is necessary to measure current by these devices in DC and AC modes, and then determine the RMS value of measurement results.Virtual electric devices verification has proved the possibility of their application to determine the energy performance of transistor converters for various purposes in the circuit simulation in the NI 10.1 Multisim environment, thus saving time of their designing.

  10. Reconfigurable and Parallelized Network Coding Decoder for VANETs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunwoo Kim

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Network coding is a promising technique for data communications in wired and wireless networks. However, it places an additional computing overhead on the receiving node in exchange for the improved bandwidth. This paper proposes an FPGA-based reconfigurable and parallelized network coding decoder for embedded systems especially for vehicular ad hoc networks. In our design, rapid decoding process can be achieved by exploiting parallelism in the coefficient vector operations. The proposed decoder is implemented by using a modern Xilinx Virtex-5 device and its performance is evaluated considering the performance of the software decoding on various embedded processors. The performance on four different sizes of the coefficient matrix is measured and the decoding throughput of 18.3 Mbps for the size 16 × 16 and 6.5 Mbps for 128 × 128 has been achieved at the operating frequency of 64.5 MHz. Compared to the recent TEGRA 250 processor, the result obtained with128 × 128 coefficient matrix reaches up to 5.06 in terms of speedup.

  11. MEMS-Reconfigurable Metamaterials and Antenna Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Tomislav Debogovic; Julien Perruisseau-Carrier

    2014-01-01

    This paper reviews some of our contributions to reconfigurable metamaterials, where dynamic control is enabled by micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) technology. First, we show reconfigurable composite right/left handed transmission lines (CRLH-TLs) having state of the art phase velocity variation and loss, thereby enabling efficient reconfigurable phase shifters and leaky-wave antennas (LWA). Second, we present very low loss metasurface designs with reconfigurable reflection properties, ...

  12. 75 FR 14510 - Implementation of Device Registration and Listing Requirements Enacted in the Public Health...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    ... hospital, clinic, dental laboratory, orthoepic or prosthetic retail facility whose primary responsibility... as whether the device contains materials from animal sources, is an implanted device, and...

  13. Network-based reconfiguration routes for a self-reconfigurable robot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU JinGuo; MA ShuGen; WANG YueChao; LI Bin

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents a network-based analysis approach for the reconfiguration problem of a self-reconfigurable robot.The self-reconfigurable modular robot named "AMOEBA-Ⅰ" has nine kinds of non-isomorphic configurations that consist of a configuration network.Each configuration of the robot is defined to be a node in the weighted and directed configuration network.The transformation from one configuration to another is represented by a directed path with nonnegative weight.Graph theory is applied in the reconfiguration analysis,where reconfiguration route,reconfigurable matrix and route matrix are defined according to the topological information of these configurations.Algorithms in graph theory have been used in enumerating the available reconfiguration routes and deciding the best reconfiguration route.Numerical analysis and experimental simulation results prove the validity of the approach proposed in this paper.And it is potentially suitable for other self-reconfigurable robots' configuration control and reconfiguration planning.

  14. Reconfigurable Optical Interconnections Using Dynamic Optoelectronic Holograms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulze, Elmar

    1988-04-01

    Increasing complexity and processing speed of electronic circuits and a high device density have led to serious problems in electrical interconnections. Their limitations arise from their signal transmission capacity. power consumption. crosstalk. and reliability. Optical links may solve such problems by offering high data rates of several gigabits per second. large fanouts of up to 100 loads. good reliability and less power expenditure. Optical fibers, integrated optical waveguides or free-space transmission links may be applicable. For the free-space links, lenses. mirrors and holograms can be used to guide the light waves. In this paper, reconfigurable optical interconnection schemes are proposed and described which are based on optoelectronic holograms. Their interference patterns can be changed dynamically. To establish connections as free-space links, the light beams emitted from even hundreds of light sources are imaged onto an array of small dynamic holograms. Their interference patterns are optically and electronically controllable. These holograms diffract and focus each of the incident light beams individually onto the receiving photo-diodes. By changing the hologram interference patterns dynamically. an optical switch is obtained. It renders the establishment of reconfigurable optical interconnections. As optoelectronic holograms very-high-resolution spatial light modulators are proposed.

  15. Projeto e desenvolvimento de um hardware reconfigurável de criptografia para a transmissão segura de dados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otávio Souza Martins Gomes

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho serão mostradas algumas conclusões prévias e escolhas realizadas para o desenvolvimento de uma interface de criptografia simétrica, utilizando hardware reconfigurável para a transmissão segura de dados. Os dispositivos reconfiguráveis permitem o desenvolvimento deste hardware de maneira segura e com uma grande flexibilidade, além da possibilidade de realizar algumas alterações com um mínimo de custo e tempo adicionais. Até o momento foram desenvolvidos os modelos para a implementação. O próximo passo será iniciar o desenvolvimento do hardware, que utilizará linguagens de descrição de hardware e Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs.Palavras-chave: Segurança. FPGA. PSoC. 3DES. VHDL. Design and development of an cryptography reconfigurable hardware for secure data trasmissionABSTRACTThis paper presents some conclusions and choices about the development of a symmetric cryptography reconfigurable hardware interface to allow a safe data communication. Reconfigurable hardwares allow the development of this kind of device with safety and flexibility, and offer the possibility to change some features with low cost and in a fast way. So far, the hardware models and functionalities were developed. The next step is to start the hardware implementation, which will use hardware description languages and FPGAs.Keywords: Security. FPGA. PSoC. 3DES. VHDL.

  16. RF-MEMS for future mobile applications: experimental verification of a reconfigurable 8-bit power attenuator up to 110 GHz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iannacci, J.; Tschoban, C.

    2017-04-01

    RF-MEMS technology is proposed as a key enabling solution for realising the high-performance and highly reconfigurable passive components that future communication standards will demand. In this work, we present, test and discuss a novel design concept for an 8-bit reconfigurable power attenuator, manufactured using the RF-MEMS technology available at the CMM-FBK, in Italy. The device features electrostatically controlled MEMS ohmic switches in order to select/deselect the resistive loads (both in series and shunt configuration) that attenuate the RF signal, and comprises eight cascaded stages (i.e. 8-bit), thus implementing 256 different network configurations. The fabricated samples are measured (S-parameters) from 10 MHz to 110 GHz in a wide range of different configurations, and modelled/simulated with Ansys HFSS. The device exhibits attenuation levels (S21) in the range from  ‑10 dB to  ‑60 dB, up to 110 GHz. In particular, S21 shows flatness from 15 dB down to 3–5 dB and from 10 MHz to 50 GHz, as well as fewer linear traces up to 110 GHz. A comprehensive discussion is developed regarding the voltage standing wave ratio, which is employed as a quality indicator for the attenuation levels. The margins of improvement at design level which are needed to overcome the limitations of the presented RF-MEMS device are also discussed.

  17. Assurance of Medical Device Quality with Quality Management System: An Analysis of Good Manufacturing Practice Implementation in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tu, Pei-Weng; Wu, Shiow-Ing

    2015-01-01

    The implementation of an effective quality management system has always been considered a principal method for a manufacturer to maintain and improve its product and service quality. Globally many regulatory authorities incorporate quality management system as one of the mandatory requirements for the regulatory control of high-risk medical devices. The present study aims to analyze the GMP enforcement experience in Taiwan between 1998 and 2013. It describes the regulatory implementation of medical device GMP requirement and initiatives taken to assist small and medium-sized enterprises in compliance with the regulatory requirement. Based on statistical data collected by the competent authority and industry research institutes, the present paper reports the growth of Taiwan local medical device industry after the enforcement of GMP regulation. Transition in the production, technologies, and number of employees of Taiwan medical device industry between 1998 and 2013 provides the competent authorities around the world with an empirical foundation for further policy development. PMID:26075255

  18. Assurance of Medical Device Quality with Quality Management System: An Analysis of Good Manufacturing Practice Implementation in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tzu-Wei Li

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The implementation of an effective quality management system has always been considered a principal method for a manufacturer to maintain and improve its product and service quality. Globally many regulatory authorities incorporate quality management system as one of the mandatory requirements for the regulatory control of high-risk medical devices. The present study aims to analyze the GMP enforcement experience in Taiwan between 1998 and 2013. It describes the regulatory implementation of medical device GMP requirement and initiatives taken to assist small and medium-sized enterprises in compliance with the regulatory requirement. Based on statistical data collected by the competent authority and industry research institutes, the present paper reports the growth of Taiwan local medical device industry after the enforcement of GMP regulation. Transition in the production, technologies, and number of employees of Taiwan medical device industry between 1998 and 2013 provides the competent authorities around the world with an empirical foundation for further policy development.

  19. Assurance of medical device quality with quality management system: an analysis of good manufacturing practice implementation in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Tzu-Wei; Tu, Pei-Weng; Liu, Li-Ling; Wu, Shiow-Ing

    2015-01-01

    The implementation of an effective quality management system has always been considered a principal method for a manufacturer to maintain and improve its product and service quality. Globally many regulatory authorities incorporate quality management system as one of the mandatory requirements for the regulatory control of high-risk medical devices. The present study aims to analyze the GMP enforcement experience in Taiwan between 1998 and 2013. It describes the regulatory implementation of medical device GMP requirement and initiatives taken to assist small and medium-sized enterprises in compliance with the regulatory requirement. Based on statistical data collected by the competent authority and industry research institutes, the present paper reports the growth of Taiwan local medical device industry after the enforcement of GMP regulation. Transition in the production, technologies, and number of employees of Taiwan medical device industry between 1998 and 2013 provides the competent authorities around the world with an empirical foundation for further policy development.

  20. Re-Configurable Electronics Characterization under Extreme Thermal Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoica, Adrian; Lacayo, Veronica; Ramesham, Rajeshuni; Keymeulen, Didier; Zebulum, Ricardo; Neff, Joe; Burke, Gary; Daud, Taher

    2005-01-01

    The need for reconfigurable electronics is driven by requirements to survive longer missions and harsher environments. It is possible to compensate for degradations in Extreme Environments (EE). EE has effect on electronics: circuits are designed to exploit device characteristics and when a certain temperature or radiation range is exceeded the circuit function gradually degrades. It is possible to employ Hardening by reconfiguration (HBR) to mitigate drifts, degradation, or damage on electronic devices in EE by using reconfigurable devices and an adaptive self-reconfiguration of circuit topology. In this manner degraded components can be salvaged, and completely damaged components can be bypassed. The challenge of conventional design is replaced with that of designing a recover process that automatically performs the (re) design in place of the designer. The objective of testing a Digital Signal Processor (DSP) under the extreme temperatures was to determine the lowest temperature at which the DAP can operate. The objective of testing a Xilinx VirtexII Pro FPGA board was to initially find our whether the evaluation board and the FPGA would survive and continue at temperature ranges from -180 C, and 120 C. The Virtex II functioned correctly at the temperatures tested. The next test was done on the GM-C filter building block using the same temperature range as the Virtex II. The current lower and upper limits were shown to be reduced as the temperature gets lower. The device function can be recovered by increasing the Vb from .08V to .85V. The negative and positive saturation voltages increases as the temperature gets higher. The function of the device can be recovered by decreasing the Vb from .8V to around .75V. The next test was performed to test the recovery of the GmC low pass filter through Vb in a filter circuit. The test indicate that bias voltage control adjustment is an efficient mechanism for circuit recovery at extreme temperatures.

  1. Antenna reconfiguration verification and validation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Robert C. (Inventor); Meyers, David W. (Inventor); Muldoon, Kelly P. (Inventor); Carlson, Douglas R. (Inventor); Drexler, Jerome P. (Inventor)

    2009-01-01

    A method of testing the electrical functionality of an optically controlled switch in a reconfigurable antenna is provided. The method includes configuring one or more conductive paths between one or more feed points and one or more test point with switches in the reconfigurable antenna. Applying one or more test signals to the one or more feed points. Monitoring the one or more test points in response to the one or more test signals and determining the functionality of the switch based upon the monitoring of the one or more test points.

  2. A Flexible System Level Design Methodology Targeting Run-Time Reconfigurable FPGAs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Houzet Dominique

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Reconfigurable computing is certainly one of the most important emerging research topics on digital processing architectures over the last few years. The introduction of run-time reconfiguration (RTR on FPGAs requires appropriate design flows and methodologies to fully exploit this new functionality. For that purpose, we present an automatic design generation methodology for heterogeneous architectures based on DSPs and FPGAs that ease and speed RTR implementation. We focus on how to take into account specificities of partially reconfigurable components from a high-level specification during the design generation steps. This method automatically generates designs for both fixed and partially reconfigurable parts of an FPGA with automatic management of the reconfiguration process. Furthermore, this automatic design generation enables a reconfiguration prefetching technique to minimize reconfiguration latency and buffer-merging techniques to minimize memory requirements of the generated design. This concept has been applied to different wireless access schemes, based on a combination of OFDM and CDMA techniques. This implementation example illustrates the benefits of the proposed design methodology.

  3. Power consumption reduction in a SDR based wireless communication system using partial reconfigurable FPGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neenu Joseph

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The increase in the consumer demand and the exponential growth for wireless systems, which enables consumer to communicate in any place by means of information, has in turn led to the emergence of many portable wireless communication products. The present research works primarily targets to integrate as much as signal processing applications in a single portable device. Since integration through software applications compromises system speed, integration through hardware will be the better compliment. Software Defined Radio (SDR Technology yields to achieve this small form factor system while keeping power consumption under the limit. SDR enables soft changeable system functionality, such as receiver demodulation technique .In this implementation two type modulation techniques are used, ASK and FSK. The flexibility of changing the receiver functionality in run time is usually attained by FPGA. However, using a complete FPGA for reconfiguration of a particular functionality is not an efficient method in terms of power consumption and switching time. We proposed a SDR architecture using a recent advancement in FPGAs, called Partial Reconfiguration (PR. PR helps to change certain portion of FPGA, while the rest keeps functioning. It also reduces the total hardware usage and hence the power. The different demodulation technique and other signal processing application from an external memory unit can be loaded into FPGA PR modules while the other parts of FPGA doing a constant data processing.

  4. Reconfigurable FFT Processor – A Broader Perspective Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.Sarada

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The FFT(Fast Fourier Transform processing is one of the key procedure in the popular orthogonal frequency division multiplexing(OFDM based communication system such as Digital AudioBroadcasting(DAB,Digital Video Broadcasting Terrestrial(DVB- T,Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Loop(ADSL etc.These application domain require performing FFT in various size from 64 to 8192 point. Implementing each FFT on a dedicated IP presents a great overhead in silicon area of the chip. By supporting the different sizes of FFT for new wireless telecommunication standard may increase the time to market it. This consideration make FFT ideal candidate for reconfigurable implementation. Efficient implementation of the FFT processor with small area, low power and speed is very important. This survey paper aims at a study on efficient algorithm and architecture for reconfigurable FFT design and observes common traits of the good contribution.

  5. Ant Colony Optimization for Mapping, Scheduling and Placing in Reconfigurable Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferrandi, Fabrizio; Lanzi, Pier Luca; Pilato, Christian; Sciuto, Donatella; Tumeo, Antonino

    2013-06-24

    Modern heterogeneous embedded platforms, com- posed of several digital signal, application specific and general purpose processors, also include reconfigurable devices support- ing partial dynamic reconfiguration. These devices can change the behavior of some of their parts during execution, allowing hardware acceleration of more sections of the applications. Never- theless, partial dynamic reconfiguration imposes severe overheads in terms of latency. For such systems, a critical part of the design phase is deciding on which processing elements (mapping) and when (scheduling) executing a task, but also how to place them on the reconfigurable device to guarantee the most efficient reuse of the programmable logic. In this paper we propose an algorithm based on Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) that simultaneously executes the scheduling, the mapping and the linear placing of tasks, hiding reconfiguration overheads through prefetching. Our heuristic gradually constructs solutions and then searches around the best ones, cutting out non-promising areas of the design space. We show how to consider the partial dynamic reconfiguration constraints in the scheduling, placing and mapping problems and compare our formulation to other heuristics that address the same problems. We demonstrate that our proposal is more general and robust, and finds better solutions (16.5% in average) with respect to competing solutions.

  6. Reconfigurable anisotropy and functional transformations with VO$_{2}$-based metamaterial electric circuits

    CERN Document Server

    Savo, Salvatore; Castaldi, Giuseppe; Moccia, Massimo; Galdi, Vincenzo; Ramanathan, Shriram; Sato, Yuki

    2014-01-01

    We demonstrate an innovative multifunctional artificial material that combines exotic metamaterial properties and the environmentally responsive nature of phase change media. The tunable metamaterial is designed with the aid of two interwoven coordinate-transformation equations and implemented with a network of thin film resistors and vanadium dioxide ($VO_{2}$). The strong temperature dependence of $VO_{2}$ electrical conductivity results in a relevant modification of the resistor network behavior, and we provide experimental evidence for a reconfigurable metamaterial electric circuit (MMEC) that not only mimics a continuous medium but is also capable of responding to thermal stimulation through dynamic variation of its spatial anisotropy. Upon external temperature change the overall effective functionality of the material switches between a "truncated-cloak" and "concentrator" for electric currents. Possible applications may include adaptive matching resistor networks, multifunctional electronic devices, an...

  7. An Efficient Evolutionary Task Scheduling/Binding Framework for Reconfigurable Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Al-Wattar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Several embedded application domains for reconfigurable systems tend to combine frequent changes with high performance demands of their workloads such as image processing, wearable computing, and network processors. Time multiplexing of reconfigurable hardware resources raises a number of new issues, ranging from run-time systems to complex programming models that usually form a reconfigurable operating system (ROS. In this paper, an efficient ROS framework that aids the designer from the early design stages all the way to the actual hardware implementation is proposed and implemented. An efficient reconfigurable platform is implemented along with novel placement/scheduling algorithms. The proposed algorithms tend to reuse hardware tasks to reduce reconfiguration overhead, migrate tasks between software and hardware to efficiently utilize resources, and reduce computation time. A supporting framework for efficient mapping of execution units to task graphs in a run-time reconfigurable system is also designed. The framework utilizes an Island Based Genetic Algorithm flow that optimizes several objectives including performance, area, and power consumption. The proposed Island Based GA framework achieves on average 55.2% improvement over a single-GA implementation and an 80.7% improvement over a baseline random allocation and binding approach.

  8. Novel wideband microwave polarization network using a fully-reconfigurable photonic waveguide interleaver with a two-ring resonator-assisted asymmetric Mach-Zehnder structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhuang, Leimeng; Beeker, Willem; Leinse, Arne; Heideman, René; van Dijk, Paulus; Roeloffzen, Chris

    2013-02-11

    We propose and demonstrate a novel wideband microwave photonic polarization network for dual linear-polarized antennas. The polarization network is based on a waveguide-implemented fully-reconfigurable optical interleaver using a two-ring resonator-assisted asymmetric Mach-Zehnder structure. For microwave photonic signal processing, this structure is able to serve as a wideband 2 × 2 RF coupler with reconfigurable complex coefficients, and therefore can be used as a polarization network for wideband antennas. Such a device can equip the antennas with not only the polarization rotation capability for linear-polarization signals but also the capability to operate with and tune between two opposite circular polarizations. Operating together with a particular modulation scheme, the device is also able to serve for simultaneous feeding of dual-polarization signals. These photonic-implemented RF functionalities can be applied to wideband antenna systems to perform agile polarization manipulations and tracking operations. An example of such a interleaver has been realized in TriPleX waveguide technology, which was designed with a free spectral range of 20 GHz and a mask footprint of smaller than 1 × 1 cm. Using the realized device, the reconfigurable complex coefficients of the polarization network were demonstrated with a continuous bandwidth from 2 to 8 GHz and an in-band phase ripple of smaller than 5 degree. The waveguide structure of the device allows it to be further integrated with other functional building blocks of a photonic integrated circuit to realize on-chip, complex microwave photonic processors. Of particular interest, it can be included in an optical beamformer for phased array antennas, so that simultaneous wideband beam and polarization trackings can be achieved photonically. To our knowledge, this is the first-time on-chip demonstration of an integrated microwave photonic polarization network for dual linear-polarized antennas.

  9. Design of Balanced Mechanisms based on Reconfiguration for Space Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Dan; Wei, Bin

    2017-09-01

    Often, one achieves the dynamic balancing condition by resorting to counter-devices approach, however, by doing this, one adds extra weight and therefore the inertia are increased inside the whole system, which is not cost-effective when the system is sent into space and later used in space. In this study, it is suggested one is able to achieve the reactionless condition through combining the self-balanced system. For example, the dynamic balancing condition can be realized via the reconfiguration concept. Extra counter-mass is not employed but through reconfiguring the whole structure, in this way, the system will not get to be heavy and therefore, reduce the energy costs and make the system more applicable and flexible for space applications. Based on this concept, first and foremost, one needs to balance a single component through the reconfiguration approach (i.e. decomposition process) and after that integrate the above balanced components to build the entire system (i.e. integration process). Finally, with the mechanical reconfiguration, the control laws governing the operation of the mechanism also need to be changed, so as to make whole systems more flexible when they are used in space.

  10. Plasmonic Route to Reconfigurable Polarization Optics

    CERN Document Server

    Li, L; Tang, X M; Wang, S M; Wang, Q J; Zhu, S N

    2014-01-01

    Surface plasmon polariton (SPP) as a bounded mode on a metal/dielectric interface intrinsically has a definite transverse magnetic (TM) polarization that usually lacks further manipulations. However, the in-plane longitudinal components of SPP field can produce versatile polarization states when two orthogonal propagating SPP interfere with each other. Here, we demonstrated a plasmonic polarization router by designing appropriate nanohole arrays that can selectively scatter the interfered SPP fields to desired light beams. It is well proved that our device is able to reconfigure a certain input polarization to all kinds of states with respect to a scattered light. Accompanied with a composite phase modulation by diffractions, multiple focusing beams with different polarization states are simultaneously achieved, promising the possibility in polarization multiplexing and related signal processing. Our design offers a new route for achieving full control of the optical polarizations as well as the optical spin-...

  11. Organizational Reconfiguration and Strategic Response

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller Larsen, Marcus; Pedersen, Torben

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of the organizational reconfiguration of offshoring on firms’ strategies. A consequence of offshoring is the need to reintegrate the geographically relocated organizational activities into a coherent organizational architecture. In order to do...

  12. Secure computing on reconfigurable systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fernandes Chaves, R.J.

    2007-01-01

    This thesis proposes a Secure Computing Module (SCM) for reconfigurable computing systems. SC provides a protected and reliable computational environment, where data security and protection against malicious attacks to the system is assured. SC is strongly based on encryption algorithms and on the

  13. Channel Communication and Reconfigurable Hardware

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos, M.; Havinga, Paul J.M.; Smit, Gerardus Johannes Maria; Karelse, F.

    2000-01-01

    Many applications can be structured as a set of processes or threads that communicate via channels. These threads can be executed on various platforms (e.g. general purpose CPU, DSP, FPGA, etc). In our research we apply channels as a basic communication mechanism between threads in a reconfigurable

  14. Secure computing on reconfigurable systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fernandes Chaves, R.J.

    2007-01-01

    This thesis proposes a Secure Computing Module (SCM) for reconfigurable computing systems. SC provides a protected and reliable computational environment, where data security and protection against malicious attacks to the system is assured. SC is strongly based on encryption algorithms and on the a

  15. Implementation of a map route analysis robot: combining an Android smart device and differential-drive robotic platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tseng Chi-Hung

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes an easy-to-implement and relatively low-cost robotic platform with capability to realize image identification, object tracking, and Google Map route planning and navigation. Based on the JAVA and Bluetooth communication architectures, the system demonstrates the integration of Android smart devices and a differential-drive robotic platform.

  16. Graphene-based Yagi-Uda antenna with reconfigurable radiation patterns

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, Yongle; Qu, Meijun; Jiao, Lingxiao; Liu, Yuanan; Ghassemlooy, Zabih

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents a radiation pattern reconfigurable Yagi-Uda antenna based on graphene operating at terahertz frequencies. The antenna can be reconfigured to change the main beam pattern into two or four different radiation directions. The proposed antenna consists of a driven dipole radiation conductor, parasitic strips and embedded graphene. The hybrid graphene-metal implementation enables the antenna to have dynamic surface conductivity, which can be tuned by changing the chemical poten...

  17. Optimal design of the satellite constellation arrangement reconfiguration process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fakoor, Mahdi; Bakhtiari, Majid; Soleymani, Mahshid

    2016-08-01

    In this article, a novel approach is introduced for the satellite constellation reconfiguration based on Lambert's theorem. Some critical problems are raised in reconfiguration phase, such as overall fuel cost minimization, collision avoidance between the satellites on the final orbital pattern, and necessary maneuvers for the satellites in order to be deployed in the desired position on the target constellation. To implement the reconfiguration phase of the satellite constellation arrangement at minimal cost, the hybrid Invasive Weed Optimization/Particle Swarm Optimization (IWO/PSO) algorithm is used to design sub-optimal transfer orbits for the satellites existing in the constellation. Also, the dynamic model of the problem will be modeled in such a way that, optimal assignment of the satellites to the initial and target orbits and optimal orbital transfer are combined in one step. Finally, we claim that our presented idea i.e. coupled non-simultaneous flight of satellites from the initial orbital pattern will lead to minimal cost. The obtained results show that by employing the presented method, the cost of reconfiguration process is reduced obviously.

  18. Design of Processors with Reconfigurable Microarchitecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrey Mokhov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Energy becomes a dominating factor for a wide spectrum of computations: from intensive data processing in “big data” companies resulting in large electricity bills, to infrastructure monitoring with wireless sensors relying on energy harvesting. In this context it is essential for a computation system to be adaptable to the power supply and the service demand, which often vary dramatically during runtime. In this paper we present an approach to building processors with reconfigurable microarchitecture capable of changing the way they fetch and execute instructions depending on energy availability and application requirements. We show how to use Conditional Partial Order Graphs to formally specify the microarchitecture of such a processor, explore the design possibilities for its instruction set, and synthesise the instruction decoder using correct-by-construction techniques. The paper is focused on the design methodology, which is evaluated by implementing a power-proportional version of Intel 8051 microprocessor.

  19. A Web-Based Integration Procedure for the Development of Reconfigurable Robotic Work-Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Ferreira

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Concepts related to the development of reconfigurable manufacturing systems (RMS and methodologies to provide the best practices in the processing industry and factory automation, such as system integration and web‐based technology, are major issues in designing next‐generation manufacturing systems (NGMS. Adaptable and integrable devices are crucial for the success of NGMS. In robotic cells the integration of manufacturing components is essential to accelerate system adaptability. Sensors, control architectures and communication technologies have contributed to achieving further agility in reconfigurable factories. In this work a web‐based robotic cell integration procedure is proposed to aid the identification of reconfigurable issues and requirements. This methodology is applied to an industrial robot manipulator to enhance system flexibility towards the development of a reconfigurable robotic platform.

  20. Analysis of Design Alternatives on Using Dynamic and Partial Reconfiguration in a Space Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veljkovic, Filip; Riesgo, Teresa; Berrojo, Luis; Regada, Raul; Alvaro, Angel; de la Torre, Eduardo

    2014-08-01

    Some of the biggest concerns in space systems are power consumption and reliability due to the limited power generated by the system's energy harvesters and the fact that once deployed, it is almost impossible to perform maintenance or repairs. Another consideration is that during deployment, the high exposure to electromagnetic radiation can cause single event damage effects including SEUs, SEFIs, SETs and others. In order to mitigate these problems inherent to the space environment, a system with dynamic and partial reconfiguration capabilities is proposed. This approach provide s the flexibility to reconfigure parts of the FPGA while still in operation, thus making the system more flexible, fault tolerant and less power-consuming. In this paper, several partial reconfiguration approaches are proposed and compared in terms of device occupation, power consumption, reconfiguration speed and size of memory footprints.

  1. A Domain-Specific Language for Programming Self-Reconfigurable Robots

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Ulrik Pagh; Christensen, David Johan; Støy, Kasper

    2007-01-01

    A self-reconfigurable robot is a robotic device that can change its own shape. Self-reconfigurable robots are commonly built from multiple identical modules that can manipulate each other to change the shape of the robot. The robot can also perform tasks such as locomotion without changing shape....... Programming a modular, self-reconfigurable robot is however a complicated task: the robot is essentially a real-time, distributed embedded system, where control and communication paths often are tightly coupled to the current physical configuration of the robot. To facilitate the task of programming modular......, self-reconfigurable robots, we have developed a declarative, role-based language that allows the programmer to define roles and behavior independently of the concrete physical structure of the robot. Roles are compiled to mobile code fragments that distribute themselves over the physical structure...

  2. Hybrid Decoder Reconfiguration of AVS-P7 and MPEG-4 /AVC in the Reconfigurable Video Coding Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Zhaoyang

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid development of video coding technology, all kinds of video coding standards have been advanced in recent years with a variety of different and complex algorithms. They share common and/or similar coding tools, yet there is currently no explicit way to exploit such commonalities at the level of specifications or implementations. Reconfigurable video coding (RVC is to develop a video coding standard that overcomes many shortcomings of current standardization and specification process by updating and progressively incrementing a modular library of components. In this paper, a hybrid decoder reconfiguration is instantiated in the RVC framework by grouping the coding tools from AVS-P7 and MPEG-4/AVC. Experimental results show that compared with MPEG-4/AVC baseline profile, the reconfigurable coding system reduces the computational complexity and guarantees the coding performance at low bit rate. Moreover, it enriches the RVC video tool library (VTL by introducing the coding tools of AVS-P7, and also verifies the flexibility and re-configurability of RVC framework to meet the needs of different applications.

  3. Implementation of Radio-Frequency Deflecting Devices for Comprehensive High-Energy Electron Beam Diagnosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craievich, Paolo; Petronio, Marco; Biedron, Sandra G.; Castronovo, Davide; Dal Forno, Massimo; Di Mitri, Simone; Faure, Nicolas; La Civita, Daniele; Penco, Giuseppe; Rumiz, Luca; Sturari, Luca; Vescovo, Roberto; Wang, Defa

    2015-02-01

    In next-generation light sources, high-brightness electron beams are used in a free-electron laser configuration to produce light for use by scientists and engineers in numerous fields of research. High-brightness beams are described for such light sources as having low transverse and longitudinal emittances, high peak currents, and low slice emittance and energy spread. The optimal generation and preservation of such high-brightness electron beams during the acceleration process and propagation to and through the photon-producing element is imperative to the quality and performance of the light source. To understand the electron beam's phase space in the accelerating section of a next-generation light source machine, we employed radio-frequency cavities operating in a deflecting mode in conjunction with a magnetic spectrometer and imaging system for both low (250 MeV) and high (1.2 GeV) electron energies. This high-resolution, high-energy system is an essential diagnostic for the optimization and control of the electron beam in the FERMI light source generating fully transversely and longitudinally coherent light in the VUV to soft x-ray wavelength regimes. This device is located at the end of the linear accelerator in order to provide the longitudinal phase space nearest to the entrance of the photon-producing beam-lines. Here, we describe the design, fabrication, characterization, commissioning, and operational implementation of this transverse deflecting cavity structure diagnostic system for the high-energy (1.2 GeV) regime.

  4. Reconfigurable cognitive transceiver for opportunistic networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maso, Marco; Baştuğ, Ejder; Cardoso, Leonardo S.; Debbah, Mérouane; Özdemir, Özgür

    2014-12-01

    In this work, we provide the implementation and analysis of a cognitive transceiver for opportunistic networks. We focus on a previously introduced dynamic spectrum access (DSA) - cognitive radio (CR) solution for primary-secondary coexistence in opportunistic orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) networks, called cognitive interference alignment (CIA). The implementation is based on software-defined radio (SDR) and uses GNU Radio and the universal software radio peripheral (USRP) as the implementation toolkit. The proposed flexible transceiver architecture allows efficient on-the-fly reconfigurations of the physical layer into OFDM, CIA or a combination of both. Remarkably, its responsiveness is such that the uplink and downlink channel reciprocity from the medium perspective, inherent to time division duplex (TDD) communications, can be effectively verified and exploited. We show that CIA provides approximately 10 dB of interference isolation towards the OFDM receiver with respect to a fully random precoder. This result is obtained under suboptimal conditions, which indicates that further gains are possible with a better optimization of the system. Our findings point towards the usefulness of a practical CIA implementation, as it yields a non-negligible performance for the secondary system, while providing interference shielding to the primary receiver.

  5. Reconfigurable Microwave Photonic Topological Insulator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goryachev, Maxim; Tobar, Michael E.

    2016-12-01

    Using full 3D finite-element simulation and underlining Hamiltonian models, we demonstrate reconfigurable photonic analogues of topological insulators on a regular lattice of tunable posts in a reentrant 3D lumped element-type system. The tunability allows a dynamical in situ change of media chirality and other properties via the alteration of the same parameter for all posts, and as a result, great flexibility in the choice of bulk-edge configurations. Additionally, one-way photon transport without an external magnetic field is demonstrated. The ideas are illustrated by using both full finite-element simulation as well as simplified harmonic oscillator models. Dynamical reconfigurability of the proposed systems paves the way to a class of systems that can be employed for random access, topological signal processing, and sensing.

  6. Reconfigurable Microwave Photonic Topological Insulator

    CERN Document Server

    Goryachev, Maxim

    2016-01-01

    We demonstrate reconfigurable photonic analogues of topological insulators on a regular lattice of tunable posts in a re-entrant 3D lumped element type system. The tunability allows dynamical {\\it in-situ} change of media chirality and other properties via change of a single post parameter, and as a result, great flexibility in choice of bulk/edge configurations. Additionally, one way photon transport without external magnetic field is demonstrated. The ideas are illustrated by using both full finite element simulation as well as simplified harmonic oscillator models. Reconfigurability of the proposed systems paves the wave to a new class of systems that can be employed for random access, topological signal processing and sensing.

  7. Design and Implementation of Anti Lost Bluetooth Low Energy Mobile Device for Mobile Phone

    OpenAIRE

    Prajakta S. Chavan; Uttam L. Bombale

    2014-01-01

    Today mobile phone like smart phone, tablet are very costly ranging from 300 USD to 600 USD , to avoid them to get forget at any social places, we can have mobile device(gadget) which will warn us (beep)this device is left back .To make commercialize product which will act as mobile phone watchmen, with specification and characteristic like smallest device foot print, comfortable to carry along, ultra low power consumption to increase battery life and to avoid frequent chargin...

  8. On the Implementation of the IEC 61850 Standard: Will Different Manufacturer Devices Behave Similarly under Identical Conditions?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad El Hariri

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Standardization in smart grid communications is necessary to facilitate complex operations of modern power system functions. However, the strong coupling between the cyber and physical domains of the contemporary grid exposes the system to vulnerabilities and thus places more burden on standards’ developers. As such, standards need to be continuously assessed for reliability and are expected to be implemented properly on field devices. However, the actual implementation of common standards varies between vendors, which may lead to different behaviors of the devices even if present under similar conditions. The work in this paper tested the implementation of the International Electro-technical Commission’s Generic Object Oriented Substation Event GOOSE (IEC 61850 GOOSE messaging protocol on commercial Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs and the open source libiec61850 library—also used in commercial devices—which showed different behaviors in identical situations. Based on the test results and analysis of some features of the IEC 61850 GOOSE protocol itself, this paper proposes guidelines and recommendations for proper implementation of the standard functionalities.

  9. Dynamic reconfiguration in sensor middleware

    OpenAIRE

    Grace, P.; Coulson, G; Blair, Gordon S.; Porter, B. (collab.); Hughes, Daniel

    2006-01-01

    Middleware solutions for sensor networks have so far mainly focused on communication abstractions, ad-hoc message routing protocols, and power conservation techniques. We argue that customisation and dynamic reconfiguration of sensor network middleware are additional important dimensions to consider. This paper describes a sensor middleware that can be customised to suit different sensor application types, and provides a reflective approach for co-ordinated network-wide dynamic reconfiguratio...

  10. Structures with Reconfigurable Circulatory Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-16

    crosslinked material; whereas exposure to a different wavelength of light should reverse the crosslinking reaction and reform a liquid material...terminated LDI- glycerol polymer. Structures with Reconfigurable Circulatory Systems - Clark, Beckman, Cho, Weiland, and Bielawski 3 C..,c (Glutathione...reduced) (Glutathione, oxidized) C 4 V ’ " - .- x,,, ’- %. Figure 1:3. Scheme 11: Dissolution-gelation of Cysteine terminated LDI- glycerol polymer gel

  11. Reconfigurable terahertz grating with enhanced transmission of TE polarized light

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. W. He

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available We demonstrate an optically reconfigurable grating with enhanced transmission of TE-polarized waves in the terahertz (THz waveband. This kind of grating is realized by projecting a grating image onto a thin Si wafer with a digital micromirror device (DMD. The enhanced transmission is caused by a resonance of the electromagnetic fields between the photoexcited strips. The position of the transmission peak shifts with the variation of the period and duty cycle of the photoinduced grating, which can be readily controlled by the DMD. Furthermore, a flattened Gaussian model was applied to describe the distribution of the photoexcited free carriers in the Si wafer, and the simulated transmittance spectra are shown to be in good agreement with the experimental results. In future, the photoexcited carriers could also be used to produce THz diffractive elements with reconfigurable functionality.

  12. Reconfigurable Switched-Capacitor Power Converters Principles and Designs for Self-Powered Microsystems

    CERN Document Server

    Ma, Dongsheng

    2013-01-01

    This book provides readers specializing in ultra-low power supply design for self-powered applications, an invaluable reference on reconfigurable switched capacitor power converters. Readers will benefit from a comprehensive introduction to the design of robust power supplies for energy harvesting and self-power applications, focusing on the use of reconfigurable switched capacitor based DC-DC converters, which is ideal for such applications.  Coverage includes all aspects of switched capacitor power supply designs, from fundamentals, to reconfigurable power stages, and sophisticated controller designs.    Provides a comprehensive introduction to the fundamentals of switched capacitor power supply design for novices, as well as advanced design and implementation  techniques for advanced readers; Includes discussion of all aspects of switched capacitor power supply designs, from fundamentals, to reconfigurable power stages, and sophisticated controller designs; Covers most state-of-art power supply design...

  13. Field Programmable DSP Arrays - A Novel Reconfigurable Architecture for Efficient Reliazation of Digital Signal Processing Functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amitabha Sinha

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Digital Signal Processing functions are widely used in real time high speed applications. Those functions are generally implemented either on ASICs with inflexibility, or on FPGAs with bottlenecks of relatively smaller utilization factor or lower speed compared to ASIC. The proposed reconfigurable DSP processor is redolent to FPGA, but with basic fixed Common Modules (CMs (like adders, subtractors, multipliers, scaling units, shifters instead of CLBs. This pape r introduces the development of a reconfigurable DSP processor that integrates different filter and transform functions. The switching between DSP functions is occurred by reconfiguring the interconnection between CMs. Validation of the proposed reconfigurable architecture has been achieved on Virtex5 FPGA. The architecture provides sufficient amount of flexibility, parallelism and scalability.

  14. 75 FR 27264 - Video Device Competition; Implementation of Section 304 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-14

    ... ``tru2way.'' 12. We are not convinced that the tru2way solution will assure the development of a commercial... provided customer- premises devices including computers, printers, game consoles, digital media devices..., DC 20554. To request this document in accessible formats (computer diskettes, large print, audio...

  15. Teacher Implementation of "Bring Your Own Device" at a Suburban High School Serving High SES Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Kyle

    2013-01-01

    As students gain access to personally-owned Mobile Communication Devices (MCDs), schools have begun to embrace MCDs as mobile-learning (m-learning) teaching and learning tools. A research gap currently exists for the innovation of m-learning with student-owned devices, which this study attempts to fill by answering the following Research Question:…

  16. Reconfigurable Computing for Dynamically Reprogrammable Communications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This project addresses the need for a framework and domain architecture suitable for reconfigurable transceivers and associated component technologies. The goal of...

  17. Reconfigurable metamaterials for terahertz wave manipulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashemi, Mohammed R.; Cakmakyapan, Semih; Jarrahi, Mona

    2017-09-01

    Reconfigurable metamaterials have emerged as promising platforms for manipulating the spectral and spatial properties of terahertz waves without being limited by the characteristics of naturally existing materials. Here, we present a comprehensive overview of various types of reconfigurable metamaterials that are utilized to manipulate the intensity, phase, polarization, and propagation direction of terahertz waves. We discuss various reconfiguration mechanisms based on optical, electrical, thermal, and mechanical stimuli while using semiconductors, superconductors, phase-change materials, graphene, and electromechanical structures. The advantages and disadvantages of different reconfigurable metamaterial designs in terms of modulation efficiency, modulation bandwidth, modulation speed, and system complexity are discussed in detail.

  18. Graphene-based electrically reconfigurable deep-subwavelength metamaterials for active control of THz light propagation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arezoomandan, Sara; Yang, Kai; Sensale-Rodriguez, Berardi

    2014-08-01

    This work studies the terahertz light propagation through graphene-based reconfigurable metasurfaces where the unit cell dimensions are much smaller than the terahertz wavelength. The proposed devices, which poses deep-subwavelength unit cell and active region dimensions can operate as amplitude and/or phase modulators in certain specific frequency bands determined by the device geometry. Reconfigurability is attained via electrostatically tuning the optical conductivity of patterned graphene layers, which are strategically located in each unit cell. The ultra-small unit cell dimensions can be advantageous for beam shaping applications.

  19. MEMS high-Q tunable capacitor for reconfigurable microwave circuits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordquist, Christopher D.; Muyshondt, Arnoldo; Pack, Michael V.; Finnegan, Patrick S.; Dyck, Christopher W.; Reines, Isak C.; Kraus, Garth M.; Sloan, George R.; Sullivan, Charles T.

    2003-01-01

    Future microwave networks require miniature high-performance tunable elements such as switches, inductors, and capacitors. We report a micro-machined high-performance tunable capacitor suitable for reconfigurable monolithic microwave integrated circuits (MMICs). The capacitor is fabricated on a GaAs substrate using low-temperature processing, making it suitable for post-process integration with MMICs, radio frequency integrated circuits (RFICs) and other miniaturized circuits. Additionally, the insulating substrate and high-conductivity metal provide low-loss operation at frequencies over 20 GHz. The device demonstrates a capacitance of 150 fF at 0 V bias, pull-in at about 15 V to 18 V, and further linear tuning from 290 fF to 350 fF over a voltage range of 7 V to 30 V. Also, the device demonstrates self-resonance frequencies over 50 GHz, and Q"s over 100 at 10 GHz. To enable integration into circuits, a simple equivalent circuit model of the device has been developed, demonstrating a good match to the measured data through 25 GHz. Initial testing to 1 billion cycles indicates that metal fatigue is the primary limitation to reliability and reproducibility, and that dielectric charging does not have a significant impact on the device. This device is promising for high-performance tunable filters, phase shifters, and other reconfigurable networks at frequencies through K-band.

  20. Design and Implementation of Radiation Pattern Reconfigurable Planar Microstrip Antenna%方向图可重构的平面准八木天线的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪圣杰; 顾涓涓; 胡国华

    2016-01-01

    The development of wireless communication system has raise higher demand on the perform-ance of antenna,the radiation pattern reconfigurable antenna is widely needed in wireless communica-tion system.In this paper the radiation pattern reconfigurable microstrip antenna has been designed and realized.This structure is based on traditional dipole antenna and Yagi antenna.According to dif-ferential feeding theory,the two arms which consist of the driven dipole are loaded on each side of sub-strate.A PIN diode switch is loaded between the ground and each driven dipole arm a PIN diode switch is loaded between the feed and the other driven dipole arm.The antenna radiation pattern can be reconfigurable by combination controlling the diode switch state.The result shows that the return loss is -25dB at center frequency.-10dB bandwidth is about 320MHz,relative bandwidth is about 13%.The maximum gain at main radiation direction reaches 3dB.This reconfigurable antenna has good directivity with the scanning function of eight direction and can be applied in wireless communi-cation system.%通信系统的快速发展对天线的性能提出了更高的要求,方向图可重构天线是天线家族中重要组成部分之一,应用十分广泛。文中利用 HFSS 软件对方向图可重构的平面准八木天线进行了设计与实现,天线结构基于传统的偶极子天线以及八木天线并采用差分馈电,主天线振子置于介质板的两侧,在地板一侧的振子臂通过PIN 二极管开关与地板相连,馈电一侧的阵子臂通过 PIN 二极管开关与馈电相连。通过组合控制二极管的开关状态即可控制天线单元的工作状态从而实现天线方向图可重构的目的。结果表明天线的回波损耗在中心频点出达到-25dB,-10dB 带宽为约为400MHz,相对带宽为13%,天线在主辐射方向的增益达到约4.5dB,该天线能够实现4个方向的扫描,具有良好的方向性。

  1. Some thoughts on the implementation of pilot night vision devices for helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucker, G. E.

    1984-01-01

    Night vision enhancement devices greatly expand the range and quality of services by extending night operational capabilities. Evolving military tactical concepts for helicopters survivability and battlefield effectiveness necessitate nap-of-the-earth (NOE) flying under both day and night conditions. From a pilot workload standpoint, flying a helicopter NOE in day VFR conditions with minimum clearance between rotors and obstacles is quite demanding. Doing the same job at night is several times more difficult. There are two general categories of night vision devices in operation in helicopter aviation: the Night Vision Goggles (NVG) and forward looking infrared (FLIR) system. The capabilities and limitations of those two devices are discussed.

  2. Design and implementation of a simple portable biomedical electronic device to diagnose cardiac arrhythmias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Azucena

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the development of a simple portable biomedical electronic device to detect cardiac arrhythmias in humans. It identifies three main parts: an electrocardiograph, a device for data communication and a personal computer with software for diagnosis. The system performs automatic diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmias by comparing the patient’s electrocardiogram with those contained in a database stored in a personal computer. The biomedical device performance is satisfactory and it demonstrated its usefulness even in the absence of medical specialist in cardiology.

  3. Internal lattice reconfiguration for diversity tuning in Cellular Genetic Algorithms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morales-Reyes, Alicia; Erdogan, Ahmet T

    2012-01-01

    Cellular Genetic Algorithms (cGAs) have attracted the attention of researchers due to their high performance, ease of implementation and massive parallelism. Maintaining an adequate balance between exploitative and explorative search is essential when studying evolutionary optimization techniques. In this respect, cGAs inherently possess a number of structural configuration parameters that are able to sustain diversity during evolution. In this study, the internal reconfiguration of the lattice is proposed to constantly or adaptively control the exploration-exploitation trade-off. Genetic operators are characterized in their simplest form since algorithmic performance is assessed on implemented reconfiguration mechanisms. Moreover, internal reconfiguration allows the adjacency of individuals to be maintained. Hence, any improvement in performance is only a consequence of topological changes. Two local selection methods presenting opposite selection pressures are used in order to evaluate the influence of the proposed techniques. Problems ranging from continuous to real world and combinatorial are tackled. Empirical results are supported statistically in terms of efficiency and efficacy.

  4. Functional verification of dynamically reconfigurable FPGA-based systems

    CERN Document Server

    Gong, Lingkan

    2015-01-01

    This book analyzes the challenges in verifying Dynamically Reconfigurable Systems (DRS) with respect to the user design and the physical implementation of such systems. The authors describe the use of a simulation-only layer to emulate the behavior of target FPGAs and accurately model the characteristic features of reconfiguration. Readers are enabled with this simulation-only layer to maintain verification productivity by abstracting away the physical details of the FPGA fabric.  Two implementations of the simulation-only layer are included: Extended ReChannel is a SystemC library that can be used to check DRS designs at a high level; ReSim is a library to support RTL simulation of a DRS reconfiguring both its logic and state. Through a number of case studies, the authors demonstrate how their approach integrates seamlessly with existing, mainstream DRS design flows and with well-established verification methodologies such as top-down modeling and coverage-driven verification. Provides researchers with an i...

  5. Design and Implementation of Anti Lost Bluetooth Low Energy Mobile Device for Mobile Phone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prajakta S. Chavan

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Today mobile phone like smart phone, tablet are very costly ranging from 300 USD to 600 USD , to avoid them to get forget at any social places, we can have mobile device(gadget which will warn us (beepthis device is left back .To make commercialize product which will act as mobile phone watchmen, with specification and characteristic like smallest device foot print, comfortable to carry along, ultra low power consumption to increase battery life and to avoid frequent charging, ultra low Sleep currents and efficient performance. As per this specification we will develop a mobile device (gadget which will connect to mobile phone by Bluetooth connectivity if this gadget will go beyond 4 to 6 meters gadget will beep loud when Bluetooth connectivity breaks.

  6. 77 FR 45927 - Implementation of Device Registration and Listing Requirements Enacted in the Public Health...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-02

    ... a more current, robust inventory of devices as a counter-terrorism measure; (2) administer our... the U.S. Customs and Border Protection Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism and the Customs...

  7. Implementation and role of device management Solutions to the end users

    OpenAIRE

    Egbeni, Victor Kanayo

    2009-01-01

    This research is based on consumer complaints with respect to recently purchased consumer electronics. This research document will investigate the instances of development and device management as a tool used to aid consumer and manage consumer’s mobile products in order to resolve issues in or before the consumers is aware one exists. The problem at the present time is that mobile devices are becoming very advanced pieces of technology, and not all manufacturers and network providers have ke...

  8. Analysis of RF Front-End Performance of Reconfigurable Antennas with RF Switches in the Far Field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Insu Yeom

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The RF front-end performances in the far-field condition of reconfigurable antennas employing two commonly used RF switching devices (PIN diodes and RF-MEMS switches were compared. Two types of antennas (monopole and slot representing general direct/coupled feed types were used for the reconfigurable antennas to compare the excited RF power to the RF switches by the reconfigurable antenna types. For the switching operation of the antennas, a biasing circuit was designed and embedded in the same antenna board, which included a battery to emphasize the antenna’s adaptability to mobile devices. The measurement results of each reconfigurable antenna (radiation patterns and return losses are presented in this study. The receiving power of the reference antenna was measured by varying the transmitting power of the reconfigurable antennas in the far-field condition. The receiving power was analyzed using the “Friis transmission equation” and compared for two switching elements. Based on the results of these measurements and comparisons, we discuss what constitutes an appropriate switch device and antenna type for reconfigurable antennas of mobile devices in the far-field condition.

  9. Self-sufficiency of an autonomous reconfigurable modular robotic organism

    CERN Document Server

    Qadir, Raja Humza

    2015-01-01

    This book describes how the principle of self-sufficiency can be applied to a reconfigurable modular robotic organism. It shows the design considerations for a novel REPLICATOR robotic platform, both hardware and software, featuring the behavioral characteristics of social insect colonies. Following a comprehensive overview of some of the bio-inspired techniques already available, and of the state-of-the-art in re-configurable modular robotic systems, the book presents a novel power management system with fault-tolerant energy sharing, as well as its implementation in the REPLICATOR robotic modules. In addition, the book discusses, for the first time, the concept of “artificial energy homeostasis” in the context of a modular robotic organism, and shows its verification on a custom-designed simulation framework in different dynamic power distribution and fault tolerance scenarios. This book offers an ideal reference guide for both hardware engineers and software developers involved in the design and implem...

  10. Optimal design of virtual topology reconfiguration in WDM optical networks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fengqing Liu(刘逢清); Qingji Zeng(曾庆济); Xu Zhu(朱栩); Shilin Xiao(肖石林)

    2003-01-01

    Virtual topology of WDM optical networks is often designed for some specific traffic matrix to get thebest network performance. When traffic demand imposed on WDM optical networks changes, the networkperformance may degrade and even become unacceptable. So virtual topology need to be reconfigured.In previous works, virtual topology is reconfigured to achieve the best network performance, in which alarge number of lightpaths need to be set up or torn down. In this paper, we try to get a tradeoff betweenthe network performance and traffic disruption (or implementing cost). The problem of virtual topologyreconfiguration for changing traffic patterns is formulated as an optimization problem and a mixed integerlinear programming (MILP) algorithm is presented. Numerical results show that a large cost reduction ofreconfiguration can be achieved at the expense of network performance.

  11. A mobile self-reconfigurable robot based on modularity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhong Ming; Guo Wei; Xu Ji'an; Sun Lining

    2009-01-01

    A novel mobile self-reconfigurable robot is presented. This robot consists of several independent units. Each unit is composed of modular components including ultrasonic sensor, camera, communication, computation, and mobility parts, and is capable of simple self-reconfiguring to enhance its mobility by expanding itself. Several units can not only link into a train or other shapes autonomously via camera and sensors to be a united whole robot for obstacle clearing, but also disjoin to be separate units under control after missions. To achieve small overall size, compact mechanical structures are adopted in modular components design, and a miniature advanced RISC machines (ARM) based embedded controller is developed for minimal power consumption and efficient global control. The docking experiment between two units has also been implemented.

  12. Compute-unified device architecture implementation of a block-matching algorithm for multiple graphical processing unit cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massanes, Francesc; Cadennes, Marie; Brankov, Jovan G.

    2011-07-01

    We describe and evaluate a fast implementation of a classical block-matching motion estimation algorithm for multiple graphical processing units (GPUs) using the compute unified device architecture computing engine. The implemented block-matching algorithm uses summed absolute difference error criterion and full grid search (FS) for finding optimal block displacement. In this evaluation, we compared the execution time of a GPU and CPU implementation for images of various sizes, using integer and noninteger search grids. The results show that use of a GPU card can shorten computation time by a factor of 200 times for integer and 1000 times for a noninteger search grid. The additional speedup for a noninteger search grid comes from the fact that GPU has built-in hardware for image interpolation. Further, when using multiple GPU cards, the presented evaluation shows the importance of the data splitting method across multiple cards, but an almost linear speedup with a number of cards is achievable. In addition, we compared the execution time of the proposed FS GPU implementation with two existing, highly optimized nonfull grid search CPU-based motion estimations methods, namely implementation of the Pyramidal Lucas Kanade Optical flow algorithm in OpenCV and simplified unsymmetrical multi-hexagon search in H.264/AVC standard. In these comparisons, FS GPU implementation still showed modest improvement even though the computational complexity of FS GPU implementation is substantially higher than non-FS CPU implementation. We also demonstrated that for an image sequence of 720 × 480 pixels in resolution commonly used in video surveillance, the proposed GPU implementation is sufficiently fast for real-time motion estimation at 30 frames-per-second using two NVIDIA C1060 Tesla GPU cards.

  13. All-photonic multifunctional molecular logic device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andréasson, Joakim; Pischel, Uwe; Straight, Stephen D; Moore, Thomas A; Moore, Ana L; Gust, Devens

    2011-08-03

    Photochromes are photoswitchable, bistable chromophores which, like transistors, can implement binary logic operations. When several photochromes are combined in one molecule, interactions between them such as energy and electron transfer allow design of simple Boolean logic gates and more complex logic devices with all-photonic inputs and outputs. Selective isomerization of individual photochromes can be achieved using light of different wavelengths, and logic outputs can employ absorption and emission properties at different wavelengths, thus allowing a single molecular species to perform several different functions, even simultaneously. Here, we report a molecule consisting of three linked photochromes that can be configured as AND, XOR, INH, half-adder, half-subtractor, multiplexer, demultiplexer, encoder, decoder, keypad lock, and logically reversible transfer gate logic devices, all with a common initial state. The system demonstrates the advantages of light-responsive molecules as multifunctional, reconfigurable nanoscale logic devices that represent an approach to true molecular information processing units.

  14. Reconfigurable Boolean Logic Using Magnetic Single-Electron Transistors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Zalba, M. Fernando; Ciccarelli, Chiara; Zarbo, Liviu P.; Irvine, Andrew C.; Campion, Richard C.; Gallagher, Bryan L.; Jungwirth, Tomas; Ferguson, Andrew J.; Wunderlich, Joerg

    2015-01-01

    We propose a novel hybrid single-electron device for reprogrammable low-power logic operations, the magnetic single-electron transistor (MSET). The device consists of an aluminium single-electron transistor with a GaMnAs magnetic back-gate. Changing between different logic gate functions is realized by reorienting the magnetic moments of the magnetic layer, which induces a voltage shift on the Coulomb blockade oscillations of the MSET. We show that we can arbitrarily reprogram the function of the device from an n-type SET for in-plane magnetization of the GaMnAs layer to p-type SET for out-of-plane magnetization orientation. Moreover, we demonstrate a set of reprogrammable Boolean gates and its logical complement at the single device level. Finally, we propose two sets of reconfigurable binary gates using combinations of two MSETs in a pull-down network. PMID:25923789

  15. The Molen compiler for reconfigurable architectures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moscu Panainte, E.

    2007-01-01

    In this dissertation, we present the Molen compiler framework that targets reconfigurable architectures under the Molen Programming Paradigm. More specifically, we introduce a set of compiler optimizations that address one of the main shortcomings of the reconfigurable architectures, namely the reco

  16. Control Reconfigurability of Bilinear Hydraulic Drive Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shaker, Hamid Reza; Tahavori, Maryamsadat

    2011-01-01

    be effective if sufficient redundancy does not exist in the process. A measure for control reconfigurability which reveals the level of redundancy in connection with feedback control is proposed in this paper for bilinear systems. The proposed control reconfigurability measure is the extension of its gramian...

  17. Reconfigurable Radio-Over-Fiber Networks [Invited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vegas Olmos, Juan José; Tafur Monroy, Idelfonso

    2015-01-01

    This paper discusses reconfigurable Radio-over-Fiber networks, including activities in coherent remote access units, silicon photonics for microwave photonics and optical switching.......This paper discusses reconfigurable Radio-over-Fiber networks, including activities in coherent remote access units, silicon photonics for microwave photonics and optical switching....

  18. Optimized ECC Implementation for Secure Communication between Heterogeneous IoT Devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marin, Leandro; Pawlowski, Marcin Piotr; Jara, Antonio

    2015-08-28

    The Internet of Things is integrating information systems, places, users and billions of constrained devices into one global network. This network requires secure and private means of communications. The building blocks of the Internet of Things are devices manufactured by various producers and are designed to fulfil different needs. There would be no common hardware platform that could be applied in every scenario. In such a heterogeneous environment, there is a strong need for the optimization of interoperable security. We present optimized elliptic curve Cryptography algorithms that address the security issues in the heterogeneous IoT networks. We have combined cryptographic algorithms for the NXP/Jennic 5148- and MSP430-based IoT devices and used them to created novel key negotiation protocol.

  19. Optimized ECC Implementation for Secure Communication between Heterogeneous IoT Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Marin

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The Internet of Things is integrating information systems, places, users and billions of constrained devices into one global network. This network requires secure and private means of communications. The building blocks of the Internet of Things are devices manufactured by various producers and are designed to fulfil different needs. There would be no common hardware platform that could be applied in every scenario. In such a heterogeneous environment, there is a strong need for the optimization of interoperable security. We present optimized elliptic curve Cryptography algorithms that address the security issues in the heterogeneous IoT networks. We have combined cryptographic algorithms for the NXP/Jennic 5148- and MSP430-based IoT devices and used them to created novel key negotiation protocol.

  20. Robust Reconfiguration of A Distribution System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moradzadeh, Benyamin [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Tomsovic, Kevin [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, a robust reconfiguration approach based on Mixed Integer Programming (MIP) is proposed to minimize loss in distribution systems. A Depth-First Search (DFS) algorithm to enumerate possible loops provides radiality constraint. This provides a general solution to the radiality constraint for distribution system reconfiguration/expansion problems. Still, imprecision and ambiguity in net loads, i.e. load minus renewable generation, due to lack of sufficient measurements and high utilization of demand response programs and renewable resources, creates challenges for effective reconfiguration. Deterministic optimization of reconfiguration may no lead to optimal/feasible results. Two methods to address these uncertainties are introduced in this paper: one, based on a stochastic MIP (SMIP) formulation and two, based on a fuzzy MIP (FMIP) formulation. Case studies demonstrate the robustness and efficiency of the proposed reconfiguration methods.

  1. Formation reconfiguration in restricted three body problem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shengping Gong; Junfeng Li; Hexi Baoyin; Yunfeng Gao

    2007-01-01

    Reconfiguration of formation flying around a halo orbit of the Sun-Earth restricted three body system is investigated with impulse maneuvers. For a short time reconfiguration, the two-impulse maneuver is investigated with both analytical and numerical methods and the BeginningEnding (BE) method is proven to be an energy-optimal one of all two-impulse (TI) reconfigurations, and the energy consumption of BE is independent of the position of the chief spacecraft, and decreases with the reconfiguration time.Then, genetic algorithm is adopted to optimize the energy consumption. The results show that the optimal energy increases with radius difference between the initial and final orbits, and decreases with the reconfiguration time.

  2. Rapid, low-cost prototyping of centrifugal microfluidic devices for effective implementation of various microfluidic operations

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Hugo, S

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The work presented here details the implementation of a centrifugal microfluidic platform – the first of its kind in South Africa – as a foundation for the development of various microfluidic operations. Microfluidic systems enable the precise...

  3. Implementation study of an analog spiking neural network for assisting cardiac delay prediction in a cardiac resynchronization therapy device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Qing; Schwartz, François; Michel, Jacques; Herve, Yannick; Dalmolin, Renzo

    2011-06-01

    In this paper, we aim at developing an analog spiking neural network (SNN) for reinforcing the performance of conventional cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) devices (also called biventricular pacemakers). Targeting an alternative analog solution in 0.13- μm CMOS technology, this paper proposes an approach to improve cardiac delay predictions in every cardiac period in order to assist the CRT device to provide real-time optimal heartbeats. The primary analog SNN architecture is proposed and its implementation is studied to fulfill the requirement of very low energy consumption. By using the Hebbian learning and reinforcement learning algorithms, the intended adaptive CRT device works with different functional modes. The simulations of both learning algorithms have been carried out, and they were shown to demonstrate the global functionalities. To improve the realism of the system, we introduce various heart behavior models (with constant/variable heart rates) that allow pathologic simulations with/without noise on the signals of the input sensors. The simulations of the global system (pacemaker models coupled with heart models) have been investigated and used to validate the analog spiking neural network implementation.

  4. Design and Implementation of Foot-Mounted Inertial Sensor Based Wearable Electronic Device for Game Play Application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Qifan; Zhang, Hai; Lari, Zahra; Liu, Zhenbo; El-Sheimy, Naser

    2016-10-21

    Wearable electronic devices have experienced increasing development with the advances in the semiconductor industry and have received more attention during the last decades. This paper presents the development and implementation of a novel inertial sensor-based foot-mounted wearable electronic device for a brand new application: game playing. The main objective of the introduced system is to monitor and identify the human foot stepping direction in real time, and coordinate these motions to control the player operation in games. This proposed system extends the utilized field of currently available wearable devices and introduces a convenient and portable medium to perform exercise in a more compelling way in the near future. This paper provides an overview of the previously-developed system platforms, introduces the main idea behind this novel application, and describes the implemented human foot moving direction identification algorithm. Practical experiment results demonstrate that the proposed system is capable of recognizing five foot motions, jump, step left, step right, step forward, and step backward, and has achieved an over 97% accuracy performance for different users. The functionality of the system for real-time application has also been verified through the practical experiments.

  5. Design and Implementation of Foot-Mounted Inertial Sensor Based Wearable Electronic Device for Game Play Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qifan Zhou

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Wearable electronic devices have experienced increasing development with the advances in the semiconductor industry and have received more attention during the last decades. This paper presents the development and implementation of a novel inertial sensor-based foot-mounted wearable electronic device for a brand new application: game playing. The main objective of the introduced system is to monitor and identify the human foot stepping direction in real time, and coordinate these motions to control the player operation in games. This proposed system extends the utilized field of currently available wearable devices and introduces a convenient and portable medium to perform exercise in a more compelling way in the near future. This paper provides an overview of the previously-developed system platforms, introduces the main idea behind this novel application, and describes the implemented human foot moving direction identification algorithm. Practical experiment results demonstrate that the proposed system is capable of recognizing five foot motions, jump, step left, step right, step forward, and step backward, and has achieved an over 97% accuracy performance for different users. The functionality of the system for real-time application has also been verified through the practical experiments.

  6. Design and Implementation of Novel Smart Battery Management System for FPGA Based Portable Electronic Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fangrong Xue

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the analysis and design of a smart battery management system for Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA based portable electronic devices. It is a novel concept of incorporating the functionality of a smart battery management system into the FPGA used by portable electronic devices, which provides the following advantages. (1 It lowers cost since the conventional commercial independent battery management circuit can be eliminated; (2 It offers more flexibility because FPGA based battery management algorithms can be specifically designed for different battery chemistries of different devices and can provide the flexibility of algorithms and functionalities updating as well. Smart battery management system concepts include four aspects: (1 smart charging; (2 battery balancing; (3 smart discharging; and (4 safety operating. One novel charging algorithm, which combines the merits of multistage charging and pulse charging, is proposed to charge a Li-ion battery pack smartly. A Proportional Integral (PI control method is introduced to achieve the current control of charging circuit with considerable close loop stability. Simulation results from the PSIM 9.0.4 software package and experimental results from the prototype built in the lab are demonstrated to verify the effectiveness of smart charging. The realizations of battery balancing, smart discharging, and safety operating are also briefly described by taking advantage of the proposed FPGA based smart battery management system topology, which verify the feasibility of the proposed FPGA based smart battery management system for portable electronic devices.

  7. Design Project on Controlled-Release Drug Delivery Devices: Implementation, Management, and Learning Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Qingxing; Liang, Youyun; Tong, Yen Wah; Wang, Chi-Hwa

    2010-01-01

    A design project that focuses on the subject of controlled-release drug delivery devices is presented for use in an undergraduate course on mass transfer. The purpose of the project is to introduce students to the various technologies used in the fabrication of drug delivery systems and provide a practical design exercise for understanding the…

  8. Implementation of adaptive coded aperture imaging using a digital micro-mirror device for defocus deblurring

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Chiranjan, Ashill

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available between aperture shapes with a traditional camera quickly and efficiently is impractical. This paper aims towards developing an adaptive coded aperture imaging system utilizing a digital micro-mirror device (DMD) as a programmable aperture that is able...

  9. Transformational electronics are now reconfiguring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rojas, Jhonathan P.; Hussain, Aftab M.; Arevalo, A.; Foulds, I. G.; Torres Sevilla, Galo A.; Nassar, Joanna M.; Hussain, Muhammad M.

    2015-05-01

    Current developments on enhancing our smart living experience are leveraging the increased interest for novel systems that can be compatible with foldable, wrinkled, wavy and complex geometries and surfaces, and thus become truly ubiquitous and easy to deploy. Therefore, relying on innovative structural designs we have been able to reconfigure the physical form of various materials, to achieve remarkable mechanical flexibility and stretchability, which provides us with the perfect platform to develop enhanced electronic systems for application in entertainment, healthcare, fitness and wellness, military and manufacturing industry. Based on these novel structural designs we have developed a siliconbased network of hexagonal islands connected through double-spiral springs, forming an ultra-stretchable (~1000%) array for full compliance to highly asymmetric shapes and surfaces, as well as a serpentine design used to show an ultrastretchable (~800%) and flexible, spatially reconfigurable, mobile, metallic thin film copper (Cu)-based, body-integrated and non-invasive thermal heater with wireless controlling capability, reusability, heating-adaptability and affordability due to low-cost complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS)-compatible integration.

  10. Transformational electronics are now reconfiguring

    KAUST Repository

    Rojas, Jhonathan Prieto

    2015-05-22

    Current developments on enhancing our smart living experience are leveraging the increased interest for novel systems that can be compatible with foldable, wrinkled, wavy and complex geometries and surfaces, and thus become truly ubiquitous and easy to deploy. Therefore, relying on innovative structural designs we have been able to reconfigure the physical form of various materials, to achieve remarkable mechanical flexibility and stretchability, which provides us with the perfect platform to develop enhanced electronic systems for application in entertainment, healthcare, fitness and wellness, military and manufacturing industry. Based on these novel structural designs we have developed a siliconbased network of hexagonal islands connected through double-spiral springs, forming an ultra-stretchable (~1000%) array for full compliance to highly asymmetric shapes and surfaces, as well as a serpentine design used to show an ultrastretchable (~800%) and flexible, spatially reconfigurable, mobile, metallic thin film copper (Cu)-based, body-integrated and non-invasive thermal heater with wireless controlling capability, reusability, heating-adaptability and affordability due to low-cost complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS)-compatible integration. © (2015) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.

  11. Design of a Reconfigurable Platform for Navigation Signal Simulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming Dexiang

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Navigation signal simulator can generate signals consistent with real GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System signals, which can be processed by GNSS receivers in the same manner as it processes satellite signals in a real testing environment. The simulator can offer a high-fidelity means of testing GNSS receivers and other related systems. Such tests can be carried out in laboratories due to control of the GNSS constellation and global atmospheric environment by a single device. The navigation signal simulator, which can provide a real-like environment for the research and testing of navigation receivers, has been the key instrument for developing navigation systems and receiving devices, particularly for high-dynamic receivers. Therefore it has increasingly received widespread attentions in military and industrial sectors. With the development of a variety of new navigation systems and signal standards, there is a higher demand for the compatibility and renewal speed of the navigation signal simulators; specifically, it should be multi-mode and reconfigurable in order to realize the flexible design of navigation systems. Although a lot of GNSS simulators have been developed and used, the reconfigurable technologies have not yet appeared in the literature and applied to practices. This means that the existing simulators cannot achieve simulation of multiple GNSS signals by reconfiguration of the software and hardware on the same platform. In this paper, a new reconfigurable platform for navigation signal simulation is proposed and studied, aiming to simulate multi-mode and multi-frequency navigation signals. The performance of the proposed platform is validated from three perspectives: mathematic simulation software, output signals and receiver operation. The result shows that the platform can generate multi-mode and multi-frequency navigation signals through reconfiguration of the software and hardware on the same platform, hence supporting

  12. Design and implementation of the compiler of a reconfigurable processor%一种可重构处理器的编译器的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施健; 谢憬; 毛志刚

    2010-01-01

    在现有可重构处理器ESL模型的基础上,提出了为可重构处理器设计一个编译器-CoRP(Compiler of Reconfigurable Processor).CoRP以带有编译指示的串行C代码作为输入,并以并行计算的可重构处理器的机器码作为输出.可重构处理器有了CoRP的支持后,可以自动针对带有编译指示的不同应用程序完成对可重构阵列的重构工作.对数字信号处理应用的仿真结果显示,经过CoRP翻译的代码的性能十分接近于需要花费大量精力手动配置的最理想代码的性能.

  13. Broadband Printed Cross-Dipole Element with Four Polarization Reconfigurations for Mobile Base Station Array Antenna Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soon-Young Eom

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a broadband printed cross-dipole element with four polarization reconfigurations (BPCDE_PR. The BPCDE_PR can configure two linear and two circular polarizations in the operating band of 1.7–2.5 GHz. To implement the broadband polarization reconfigurations, switched network type broadband phase shifters are proposed and designed. The fabricated BPCDE_PR prototype with switched network including broadband phase shifters shows good electrical performances and the desired polarization reconfigurable functions in the operating band.

  14. Predicting errors from reconfiguration patterns in human brain networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekman, Matthias; Derrfuss, Jan; Tittgemeyer, Marc; Fiebach, Christian J

    2012-10-09

    Task preparation is a complex cognitive process that implements anticipatory adjustments to facilitate future task performance. Little is known about quantitative network parameters governing this process in humans. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and functional connectivity measurements, we show that the large-scale topology of the brain network involved in task preparation shows a pattern of dynamic reconfigurations that guides optimal behavior. This network could be decomposed into two distinct topological structures, an error-resilient core acting as a major hub that integrates most of the network's communication and a predominantly sensory periphery showing more flexible network adaptations. During task preparation, core-periphery interactions were dynamically adjusted. Task-relevant visual areas showed a higher topological proximity to the network core and an enhancement in their local centrality and interconnectivity. Failure to reconfigure the network topology was predictive for errors, indicating that anticipatory network reconfigurations are crucial for successful task performance. On the basis of a unique network decoding approach, we also develop a general framework for the identification of characteristic patterns in complex networks, which is applicable to other fields in neuroscience that relate dynamic network properties to behavior.

  15. Design and implementation of automatic shading device for diffuse radiation measurement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LYU; Wenhua; BIAN; Zeqiang; CHONG; Wei

    2015-01-01

    Considering the problem of too large area the shading disc covered,complex shadow band coefficients and too big diffuse radiation measurement bias,an automatic shading device for diffuse radiometer is designed and realized. Set a shading ball on the automatic sun tracker,drive linkage parallelogram structure with the declination axis arm,the shading ball can rotate synchronously with the motion of the sun and shade beam radiation measured with pyranometer,thus shading beam radiation and measuring diffuse radiation can be realized automatically. The comparison test results show that the automatic shading device can realize diffuse radiation measurement automatically,the accuracy of diffuse radiation readings can get a 18. 7% improvement compared with traditional measure system,greatly improves the reliability and accuracy of the diffuse radiation measurement.

  16. Intelligent RF-Based Gesture Input Devices Implemented Using e-Textiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dana Hughes

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We present an radio-frequency (RF-based approach to gesture detection and recognition, using e-textile versions of common transmission lines used in microwave circuits. This approach allows for easy fabrication of input swatches that can detect a continuum of finger positions and similarly basic gestures, using a single measurement line. We demonstrate that the swatches can perform gesture detection when under thin layers of cloth or when weatherproofed, providing a high level of versatility not present with other types of approaches. Additionally, using small convolutional neural networks, low-level gestures can be identified with a high level of accuracy using a small, inexpensive microcontroller, allowing for an intelligent fabric that reports only gestures of interest, rather than a simple sensor requiring constant surveillance from an external computing device. The resulting e-textile smart composite has applications in controlling wearable devices by providing a simple, eyes-free mechanism to input simple gestures.

  17. Intelligent RF-Based Gesture Input Devices Implemented Using e-Textiles †

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Dana; Profita, Halley; Radzihovsky, Sarah; Correll, Nikolaus

    2017-01-01

    We present an radio-frequency (RF)-based approach to gesture detection and recognition, using e-textile versions of common transmission lines used in microwave circuits. This approach allows for easy fabrication of input swatches that can detect a continuum of finger positions and similarly basic gestures, using a single measurement line. We demonstrate that the swatches can perform gesture detection when under thin layers of cloth or when weatherproofed, providing a high level of versatility not present with other types of approaches. Additionally, using small convolutional neural networks, low-level gestures can be identified with a high level of accuracy using a small, inexpensive microcontroller, allowing for an intelligent fabric that reports only gestures of interest, rather than a simple sensor requiring constant surveillance from an external computing device. The resulting e-textile smart composite has applications in controlling wearable devices by providing a simple, eyes-free mechanism to input simple gestures. PMID:28125010

  18. Using neural networks to predict the functionality of reconfigurable nano-material networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Greff, Klaus; Damme, van Ruud; Koutnik, Jan; Broersma, Hajo; Mikhal, Julia; Lawrence, Celestine; Wiel, van der Wilfred; Schmidhuber, Jürgen

    2017-01-01

    This paper demonstrates how neural networks can be applied to model and predict the functional behaviour of disordered nano-particle and nano-tube networks. In recently published experimental work, nano-particle and nano-tube networks show promising functionality for future reconfigurable devices, w

  19. Statechart-based design controllers for FPGA partial reconfiguration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Łabiak, Grzegorz; Wegrzyn, Marek; Rosado Muñoz, Alfredo

    2015-09-01

    Statechart diagram and UML technique can be a vital part of early conceptual modeling. At the present time there is no much support in hardware design methodologies for reconfiguration features of reprogrammable devices. Authors try to bridge the gap between imprecise UML model and formal HDL description. The key concept in author's proposal is to describe the behavior of the digital controller by statechart diagrams and to map some parts of the behavior into reprogrammable logic by means of group of states which forms sequential automaton. The whole process is illustrated by the example with experimental results.

  20. Reconfigurable microfluidic nanoparticle trapping using dielectrophoresis for chemical detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salemmilani, Reza; Piorek, Brian; Moskovits, Martin; Meinhart, Carl

    2016-11-01

    We report a microfluidic particle manipulation platform based on dielectrophoresis (DEP) to capture and release nanoscale particles cyclically via reconfigurable traps. DEP is routinely used in microfluidic devices for capturing and trapping cells and particles of various sizes, however the trapping of small nanoparticles by DEP is challenging due to the inverse relationship of the DEP force with particle size. The architecture we describe uses electrically insulating silica beads of micron scale in conjunction with DEP electrodes configured to manipulate nanoscale particles for microfluidic applications such as filtration and chemical detection. Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, United States.

  1. Reconfigurable work station for a video display unit and keyboard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shields, Nicholas L. (Inventor); Roe, Fred D., Jr. (Inventor); Fagg, Mary F. (Inventor); Henderson, David E. (Inventor)

    1988-01-01

    A reconfigurable workstation is described having video, keyboard, and hand operated motion controller capabilities. The workstation includes main side panels between which a primary work panel is pivotally carried in a manner in which the primary work panel may be adjusted and set in a negatively declined or positively inclined position for proper forearm support when operating hand controllers. A keyboard table supports a keyboard in such a manner that the keyboard is set in a positively inclined position with respect to the negatively declined work panel. Various adjustable devices are provided for adjusting the relative declinations and inclinations of the work panels, tables, and visual display panels.

  2. Reconfigurable quadruple quantum dots in a silicon nanowire transistor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Betz, A. C., E-mail: ab2106@cam.ac.uk; Broström, M.; Gonzalez-Zalba, M. F. [Hitachi Cambridge Laboratory, J. J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Tagliaferri, M. L. V. [Laboratorio MDM, CNR-IMM, Via C. Olivetti 2, 20864 Agrate Brianza (MB) (Italy); Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali, Universit di Milano-Bicocca, Via Cozzi 53, 20125 Milano (Italy); Vinet, M. [CEA/LETI-MINATEC, CEA-Grenoble, 17 rue des martyrs, F-38054 Grenoble (France); Sanquer, M. [SPSMS, UMR-E CEA/UJF-Grenoble 1, INAC, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble (France); Ferguson, A. J. [Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom)

    2016-05-16

    We present a reconfigurable metal-oxide-semiconductor multi-gate transistor that can host a quadruple quantum dot in silicon. The device consists of an industrial quadruple-gate silicon nanowire field-effect transistor. Exploiting the corner effect, we study the versatility of the structure in the single quantum dot and the serial double quantum dot regimes and extract the relevant capacitance parameters. We address the fabrication variability of the quadruple-gate approach which, paired with improved silicon fabrication techniques, makes the corner state quantum dot approach a promising candidate for a scalable quantum information architecture.

  3. High-Q terahertz reconfigurable metamaterials using graphene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arezoomandan, Sara; Sensale Rodriguez, Berardi

    2016-09-01

    We propose and discuss high-Q reconfigurable metamaterials based on graphene. The key components of the device are periodic concentric metallic ring resonators with interdigitated fingers, which are placed in-between the rings and provide for the large Q in the metamaterial, as well as several strategically located gaps where active graphene sheets are placed. We can easily adjust the frequency response of the metamaterial by means of varying a couple of parameters, such as the ring dimensions, number of fingers, etc., but also dynamically by means of varying conductivity in graphene.

  4. Flexible, reconfigurable, power efficient transmitter and method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishop, James W. (Inventor); Zaki, Nazrul H. Mohd (Inventor); Newman, David Childress (Inventor); Bundick, Steven N. (Inventor)

    2011-01-01

    A flexible, reconfigurable, power efficient transmitter device and method is provided. In one embodiment, the method includes receiving outbound data and determining a mode of operation. When operating in a first mode the method may include modulation mapping the outbound data according a modulation scheme to provide first modulation mapped digital data, converting the first modulation mapped digital data to an analog signal that comprises an intermediate frequency (IF) analog signal, upconverting the IF analog signal to produce a first modulated radio frequency (RF) signal based on a local oscillator signal, amplifying the first RF modulated signal to produce a first RF output signal, and outputting the first RF output signal via an isolator. In a second mode of operation method may include modulation mapping the outbound data according a modulation scheme to provide second modulation mapped digital data, converting the second modulation mapped digital data to a first digital baseband signal, conditioning the first digital baseband signal to provide a first analog baseband signal, modulating one or more carriers with the first analog baseband signal to produce a second modulated RF signal based on a local oscillator signal, amplifying the second RF modulated signal to produce a second RF output signal, and outputting the second RF output signal via the isolator. The digital baseband signal may comprise an in-phase (I) digital baseband signal and a quadrature (Q) baseband signal.

  5. Use of mobile devices in community health care: barriers and solutions to implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Christopher

    2016-02-01

    Mobile devices allow clinicians to access electronic clinical systems away from traditional base locations. They have contributed to increased productivity and efficiency, and clinical staff also cite benefits to patient care. A selection of NHS trusts have participated in a national pilot to explore the benefits and drawbacks of this technology. Clinical engagement with frontline staff is essential to ensure the staff feel valued, listened to, and fully involved to ensure any change to existing practice is successful. Moreover, the training needs of the workforce require careful consideration. The provision of information technology (IT) support services is fundamental to ensure that staff receive the necessary assistance with any functionality issues they may experience with mobile devices to minimise the effect on clinical practice. Variability in internet connectivity may present as a challenge to clinical staff, and the benefits of complimentary offline working solutions should be considered. Barriers to the successful use of mobile devices should be reported as this may have a negative clinical effect on the safe delivery of patient care. Clinical staff need to be mindful of their obligations in relation to information governance, and should appreciate that the same consideration needs to be given to both paper and electronic records.

  6. Market-based multiagent system for reconfiguration of shipboard power systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang, Kai [Schlumberger, Inc., Houston (United States); Srivastava, Sanjeev K.; Cartes, David A. [Centre for Advanced Power Systems, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32310 (United States); Sun, Li-Hsiang [LG Electronics (United States)

    2009-04-15

    On ships, the electric shipboard power system (SPS) supplies electrical power to critical functions such as navigation, communication, emergency systems, and in the case of warships, weapon systems. During ship operation, some parts of the SPS may become unavailable due to damage, fault, or maintenance. For the survivability and reliability of ships, it is desired to make the SPS highly reconfigurable. This paper presents a market-based multiagent system (MAS) for the reconfiguration of radial SPS. Radial SPSs are found on majority of ships. In the proposed MAS, each agent only communicates with its neighbor agents to make the system work in a fully decentralized manner. The MAS is implemented using Java Agent Development Framework (JADE), which is fully implemented in Java and compliant with Foundation of Intelligent Physical Agents (FIPA). An SPS with two generators and four loads is used for testing the proposed MAS. The results show the proposed MAS can successfully reconfigure a radial SPS. (author)

  7. A thin, hardware-supported middleware management system for reconfigurable manufacturing systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McLean, Roscoe Roy Peter

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The reconfigurable manufacturing system (RMS paradigm was introduced in response to the need for a manufacturing environment that can handle high-frequency market-driven change. Although this has resulted in much research into the implementation of such a system, there is currently a gap in the technology covering the rapid establishment of control after a reconfiguration. This gap involves the detection of the factory floor’s state, and the communication link between the factory floor and the high-level software (ERP and MES. This paper proposes a thin, hardware-supported middleware management system to support the reconfiguration process and to support industrial implementation to the RMS paradigm.

  8. Expectations and Challenges: The Implementation of Mobile Devices in a Scottish Primary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornelius, Sarah; Shanks, Rachel

    2017-01-01

    This article provides a case study of the implementation of iPod Touches on a one-to-one basis in a Scottish primary school. It focuses on teachers' expectations for the project and the realisation (or otherwise) of these expectations. Findings suggest that the iPods offered opportunities for resource provision, interactive learning and extension…

  9. ADAPTIVE CHARACTER RECOGNIZER FOR A HAND­HELD DEVICE : IMPLEMENTATION AND EVALUATION SETUP

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vuori, V.; Aksela, M.; Laaksonen, J.; Oja, E.; Kangas, J.

    2004-01-01

    In this work, we describe a character recognition system we have implemented for experimenting with self­supervised adaptation method. The Dynamic Time Warping algorithm is used for matching input characters to prototypes and recognition is carried out according to the k­nearest neighbor rule. The

  10. Implementation of continuous-variable quantum key distribution with composable and one-sided-device-independent security against coherent attacks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gehring, Tobias; Händchen, Vitus; Duhme, Jörg; Furrer, Fabian; Franz, Torsten; Pacher, Christoph; Werner, Reinhard F.; Schnabel, Roman

    2015-10-01

    Secret communication over public channels is one of the central pillars of a modern information society. Using quantum key distribution this is achieved without relying on the hardness of mathematical problems, which might be compromised by improved algorithms or by future quantum computers. State-of-the-art quantum key distribution requires composable security against coherent attacks for a finite number of distributed quantum states as well as robustness against implementation side channels. Here we present an implementation of continuous-variable quantum key distribution satisfying these requirements. Our implementation is based on the distribution of continuous-variable Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen entangled light. It is one-sided device independent, which means the security of the generated key is independent of any memoryfree attacks on the remote detector. Since continuous-variable encoding is compatible with conventional optical communication technology, our work is a step towards practical implementations of quantum key distribution with state-of-the-art security based solely on telecom components.

  11. 可重构幸存路径管理Viterbi译码器的研究与设计%Study and Implementation of a Reconfigurable Survivor Path Memory Unit for Viterbi Decoder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张维津; 张科峰

    2011-01-01

    根据现代通信系统对自适应性和低功耗的要求,设计了一种自适应的Viterbi译码器,通过设计可重构的幸存路径存储管理单元(SMU),译码器可以根据不同调制方式自适应地选择回溯深度,并通过简化分支度量运算,降低了Viterbi算法中分支度量单元(BMU)和加-比-选单元(ACSU)的复杂度.经FPGA仿真结果表明,该算法性能满足自适应要求,且占用硬件资源低,可降低功耗14%左右,可用于含多速率多调制方式的移动通信系统.%An adaptive Viterbi decoder is designed in this paper, based on the demand of adaptive and low power consumption in modern communication systems. The Viterbi decoder can change trace depth automatically by the design of a reconfigurable survivor path memory unit. In this paper we also simplify the branch metric arithmetic, so as to decrease the complexity of the branch metric unit and the add-compare-select unit. According to the simulation result, this design has a small area and has satisfied the demand of adaption, the power consumption can be decreased by 14%. The Viterbi decoder supposed in this paper can be used in communication systems which have kinds of modulation modes.

  12. Zynq-Based Reconfigurable System for Real-Time Edge Detection of Noisy Video Sequences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iljung Yoon

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We implement Zynq-based self-reconfigurable system to perform real-time edge detection of 1080p video sequences. While object edge detection is a fundamental tool in computer vision, noises in the video frames negatively affect edge detection results significantly. Moreover, due to the high computational complexity of 1080p video filtering operations, hardware implementation on reconfigurable hardware fabric is necessary. Here, the proposed embedded system utilizes dynamic reconfiguration capability of Zynq SoC so that partial reconfiguration of different filter bitstreams is performed during run-time according to the detected noise density level in the incoming video frames. Pratt’s Figure of Merit (PFOM to evaluate the accuracy of edge detection is analyzed for various noise density levels, and we demonstrate that adaptive run-time reconfiguration of the proposed filter bitstreams significantly increases the accuracy of edge detection results while efficiently providing computing power to support real-time processing of 1080p video frames. Performance results on configuration time, CPU usage, and hardware resource utilization are also compared.

  13. Reconfigurable radio systems network architectures and standards

    CERN Document Server

    Iacobucci, Maria Stella

    2013-01-01

    This timely book provides a standards-based view of the development, evolution, techniques and potential future scenarios for the deployment of reconfigurable radio systems.  After an introduction to radiomobile and radio systems deployed in the access network, the book describes cognitive radio concepts and capabilities, which are the basis for reconfigurable radio systems.  The self-organizing network features introduced in 3GPP standards are discussed and IEEE 802.22, the first standard based on cognitive radio, is described. Then the ETSI reconfigurable radio systems functional ar

  14. (Re)configuration based on model generation

    CERN Document Server

    Friedrich, Gerhard; Falkner, Andreas A; Haselböck, Alois; Schenner, Gottfried; Schreiner, Herwig; 10.4204/EPTCS.65.3

    2011-01-01

    Reconfiguration is an important activity for companies selling configurable products or services which have a long life time. However, identification of a set of required changes in a legacy configuration is a hard problem, since even small changes in the requirements might imply significant modifications. In this paper we show a solution based on answer set programming, which is a logic-based knowledge representation formalism well suited for a compact description of (re)configuration problems. Its applicability is demonstrated on simple abstractions of several real-world scenarios. The evaluation of our solution on a set of benchmark instances derived from commercial (re)configuration problems shows its practical applicability.

  15. Design of reconfigurable antennas using graph models

    CERN Document Server

    Costantine, Joseph; Christodoulou, Christos G; Christodoulou, Christos G

    2013-01-01

    This lecture discusses the use of graph models to represent reconfigurable antennas. The rise of antennas that adapt to their environment and change their operation based on the user's request hasn't been met with clear design guidelines. There is a need to propose some rules for the optimization of any reconfigurable antenna design and performance. Since reconfigurable antennas are seen as a collection of self-organizing parts, graph models can be introduced to relate each possible topology to a corresponding electromagnetic performance in terms of achieving a characteristic frequency of oper

  16. A driving pulse edge modulation technique and its complex programming logic devices implementation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao CHEN; Dong-chang QU; Yong GUO; Guo-zhu CHEN

    2015-01-01

    With the continual increase in switching speed and rating of power semiconductors, the switching voltage spike becomes a serious problem. This paper describes a new technique of driving pulse edge modulation for insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs). By modulating the density and width of the pulse trains, without regulating the hardware circuit, the slope of the gate driving voltage is controlled to change the switching speed. This technique is used in the driving circuit based on complex programmable logic devices (CPLDs), and the switching voltage spike of IGBTs can be restrained through software, which is easier and more flexible to adjust. Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness and practicability of the proposed method.

  17. Designing and Implementing a Distributed Social Network Service for Mobile Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru RADOVICI

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a new paradigm for building social network services. The proposed platform is called eXtensible Social Network. As it uses the XMPP protocol for authentication and communication, it allows users from different service providers interact with each other, without having to change their accounts. Moreover, the platform provides means for users to authenticate and interact with each other while temporary disconnected from the Internet. Moreover, the platform is specially designed for mobile devices, running on their restrictive operating systems and taking advantage of the systems optimizations.

  18. Value Assessment of Distribution Network Reconfiguration: A Danish Case Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vaskantiras, Georgios; You, Shi

    2016-01-01

    Distribution network reconfiguration is a mechanism that can improve the distribution system performance from multiple perspectives. In the context of smart grid wherein the degrees of automation and intelligence are high, the potential value of network reconfiguration can be significant...... that although the reconfiguration is performed to achieve a single objective, the overall network performance is improved. In addition, the value achieved by reconfiguration can be very sensitive to the reconfiguration frequency and the associated cost....

  19. Researches on Reconfigurable Antenna in CEMLAB at UESTC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Bing-zhong; XIAO Shao-qiu; ZHANG Yong; YANG Xue-song; WU Wei-xia

    2006-01-01

    This paper summarizes the achievement and progress in the research on reconfigurable antenna since 2001, in Computational Electromagnetics Laboratory (CEMLAB) at University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC). Several typical reconfigurable antennas are introduced, which can realize frequency, pattern or frequency-pattern reconfigurability by electrically controlling methods. Some techniques involved in the design and analysis of reconfigurable antennas are reported. At last, the development trend of reconfigurable antenna is predicted in the conclusions.

  20. Reconfigurable Mixed Mode Universal Filter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neelofer Afzal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a novel mixed mode universal filter configuration capable of working in voltage and transimpedance mode. The proposed single filter configuration can be reconfigured digitally to realize all the five second order filter functions (types at single output port. Other salient features of proposed configuration include independently programmable filter parameters, full cascadability, and low sensitivity figure. However, all these features are provided at the cost of quite large number of active elements. It needs three digitally programmable current feedback amplifiers and three digitally programmable current conveyors. Use of six active elements is justified by introducing three additional reduced hardware mixed mode universal filter configurations and its comparison with reported filters.

  1. Adaptive reconfigurable distributed sensor architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akey, Mark L.

    1997-07-01

    The infancy of unattended ground based sensors is quickly coming to an end with the arrival of on-board GPS, networking, and multiple sensing capabilities. Unfortunately, their use is only first-order at best: GPS assists with sensor report registration; networks push sensor reports back to the warfighter and forwards control information to the sensors; multispectral sensing is a preset, pre-deployment consideration; and the scalability of large sensor networks is questionable. Current architectures provide little synergy among or within the sensors either before or after deployment, and do not map well to the tactical user's organizational structures and constraints. A new distributed sensor architecture is defined which moves well beyond single sensor, single task architectures. Advantages include: (1) automatic mapping of tactical direction to multiple sensors' tasks; (2) decentralized, distributed management of sensor resources and tasks; (3) software reconfiguration of deployed sensors; (4) network scalability and flexibility to meet the constraints of tactical deployments, and traditional combat organizations and hierarchies; and (5) adaptability to new battlefield communication paradigms such as BADD (Battlefield Analysis and Data Dissemination). The architecture is supported in two areas: a recursive, structural definition of resource configuration and management via loose associations; and a hybridization of intelligent software agents with tele- programming capabilities. The distributed sensor architecture is examined within the context of air-deployed ground sensors with acoustic, communication direction finding, and infra-red capabilities. Advantages and disadvantages of the architecture are examined. Consideration is given to extended sensor life (up to 6 months), post-deployment sensor reconfiguration, limited on- board sensor resources (processor and memory), and bandwidth. It is shown that technical tasking of the sensor suite can be automatically

  2. Design and Implementation of a RF Powering Circuit for RFID Tags or Other Batteryless Embedded Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Dongsheng; Wang, Rencai; Yao, Ke; Zou, Xuecheng; Guo, Liang

    2014-01-01

    A RF powering circuit used in radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags and other batteryless embedded devices is presented in this paper. The RF powering circuit harvests energy from electromagnetic waves and converts the RF energy to a stable voltage source. Analysis of a NMOS gate-cross connected bridge rectifier is conducted to demonstrate relationship between device sizes and power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the rectifier. A rectifier with 38.54% PCE under normal working conditions is designed. Moreover, a stable voltage regulator with a temperature and voltage optimizing strategy including adoption of a combination resistor is developed, which is able to accommodate a large input range of 4 V to 12 V and be immune to temperature variations. Latch-up prevention and noise isolation methods in layout design are also presented. Designed with the HJTC 0.25 μm process, this regulator achieves 0.04 mV/°C temperature rejection ratio (TRR) and 2.5 mV/V voltage rejection ratio (VRR). The RF powering circuit is also fabricated in the HJTC 0.25 μm process. The area of the RF powering circuit is 0.23 × 0.24 mm2. The RF powering circuit is successfully integrated with ISO/IEC 15693-compatible and ISO/IEC 14443-compatible RFID tag chips. PMID:25123466

  3. Design and Implementation of RF Energy Harvesting System for Low-Power Electronic Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uzun, Yunus

    2016-08-01

    Radio frequency (RF) energy harvester systems are a good alternative for energizing of low-power electronics devices. In this work, an RF energy harvester is presented to obtain energy from Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) 900 MHz signals. The energy harvester, consisting of a two-stage Dickson voltage multiplier circuit and L-type impedance matching circuits, was designed, simulated, fabricated and tested experimentally in terms of its performance. Simulation and experimental works were carried out for various input power levels, load resistances and input frequencies. Both simulation and experimental works have been carried out for this frequency band. An efficiency of 45% is obtained from the system at 0 dBm input power level using the impedance matching circuit. This corresponds to the power of 450 μW and this value is sufficient for many low-power devices. The most important parameters affecting the efficiency of the RF energy harvester are the input power level, frequency band, impedance matching and voltage multiplier circuits, load resistance and the selection of diodes. RF energy harvester designs should be optimized in terms of these parameters.

  4. Chip implementation with a combined wireless temperature sensor and reference devices based on the DZTC principle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Ming-Hui; Huang, Yu-Jie; Huang, Han-Pang; Lu, Shey-Shi

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a novel CMOS wireless temperature sensor design in order to improve the sensitivity and linearity of our previous work on such devices. Based on the principle of CMOS double zero temperature coefficient (DZTC) points, a combined device is first created at the chip level with two voltage references, one current reference, and one temperature sensor. It was successfully fabricated using the 0.35 μm CMOS process. According to the chip results in a wide temperature range from -20 °C to 120 °C, two voltage references can provide temperature-stable outputs of 823 mV and 1,265 mV with maximum deviations of 0.2 mV and 8.9 mV, respectively. The result for the current reference gives a measurement of 23.5 μA, with a maximum deviation of 1.2 μA. The measurements also show that the wireless temperature sensor has good sensitivity of 9.55 mV/°C and high linearity of 97%. The proposed temperature sensor has 4.15-times better sensitivity than the previous design. Moreover, to facilitate temperature data collection, standard wireless data transmission is chosen; therefore, an 8-bit successive-approximation-register (SAR) analog-to-digital converter (ADC) and a 433 MHz wireless transmitter are also integrated in this chip. Sensing data from different places can be collected remotely avoiding the need for complex wire lines.

  5. Design and Implementation of an Intelligent Windowsill System Using Smart Handheld Device and Fuzzy Microcontroller.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jing-Min; Yang, Ming-Ta; Chen, Po-Lin

    2017-04-11

    With the advance of science and technology, people have a desire for convenient and comfortable living. Creating comfortable and healthy indoor environments is a major consideration for designing smart homes. As handheld devices become increasingly powerful and ubiquitous, this paper proposes an innovative use of smart handheld devices (SHD), using MIT App Inventor and fuzzy control, to perform the real-time monitoring and smart control of the designed intelligent windowsill system (IWS) in a smart home. A compact weather station that consists of environment sensors was constructed in the IWS for measuring of indoor illuminance, temperature-humidity, carbon dioxide (CO₂) concentration and outdoor rain and wind direction. According to the measured environment information, the proposed system can automatically send a command to a fuzzy microcontroller performed by Arduino UNO to fully or partly open the electric curtain and electric window for adapting to climate changes in the indoor and outdoor environment. Moreover, the IWS can automatically close windows for rain splashing on the window. The presented novel control method for the windowsill not only expands the SHD applications, but greatly enhances convenience to users. To validate the feasibility and effectiveness of the IWS, a laboratory prototype was built and confirmed experimentally.

  6. Optimizing a reconfigurable material via evolutionary computation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilken, Sam; Miskin, Marc Z.; Jaeger, Heinrich M.

    2015-08-01

    Rapid prototyping by combining evolutionary computation with simulations is becoming a powerful tool for solving complex design problems in materials science. This method of optimization operates in a virtual design space that simulates potential material behaviors and after completion needs to be validated by experiment. However, in principle an evolutionary optimizer can also operate on an actual physical structure or laboratory experiment directly, provided the relevant material parameters can be accessed by the optimizer and information about the material's performance can be updated by direct measurements. Here we provide a proof of concept of such direct, physical optimization by showing how a reconfigurable, highly nonlinear material can be tuned to respond to impact. We report on an entirely computer controlled laboratory experiment in which a 6 ×6 grid of electromagnets creates a magnetic field pattern that tunes the local rigidity of a concentrated suspension of ferrofluid and iron filings. A genetic algorithm is implemented and tasked to find field patterns that minimize the force transmitted through the suspension. Searching within a space of roughly 1010 possible configurations, after testing only 1500 independent trials the algorithm identifies an optimized configuration of layered rigid and compliant regions.

  7. A Dynamic Reconfigurable Hardware/Software Architecture for Object Tracking in Video Streams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mühlbauer Felix

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the design and implementation of a feature tracker on an embedded reconfigurable hardware system. Contrary to other works, the focus here is on the efficient hardware/software partitioning of the feature tracker algorithm, a viable data flow management, as well as an efficient use of memory and processor features. The implementation is done on a Xilinx Spartan 3 evaluation board and the results provided show the superiority of our implementation compared to the other works.

  8. A Dynamic Reconfigurable Hardware/Software Architecture for Object Tracking in Video Streams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christophe Bobda

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the design and implementation of a feature tracker on an embedded reconfigurable hardware system. Contrary to other works, the focus here is on the efficient hardware/software partitioning of the feature tracker algorithm, a viable data flow management, as well as an efficient use of memory and processor features. The implementation is done on a Xilinx Spartan 3 evaluation board and the results provided show the superiority of our implementation compared to the other works.

  9. Integrated reconfigurable high-voltage transmitting circuit for CMUTs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Llimos Muntal, Pere; Larsen, Dennis Øland; Jørgensen, Ivan Harald Holger

    2015-01-01

    In this paper a high-voltage transmitting circuit aimed for capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers (CMUTs) used in scanners for medical applications is designed and implemented in a 0.35 μm high-voltage CMOS process. The transmitting circuit is reconfigurable externally making it able...... performance. The design occupies an on-chip area of 0.938 mm2 and the power consumption of a 128-element transmitting circuit array that would be used in an portable ultrasound scanner is found to be a maximum of 181 mW....

  10. Integrated reconfigurable high-voltage transmitting circuit for CMUTs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Llimos Muntal, Pere; Larsen, Dennis Øland; Jørgensen, Ivan Harald Holger;

    2015-01-01

    In this paper a high-voltage transmitting circuit aimed for capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers (CMUTs) used in scanners for medical applications is designed and implemented in a 0.35 μm high-voltage CMOS process. The transmitting circuit is reconfigurable externally making it able...... performance. The design occupies an on-chip area of 0.938 mm2 and the power consumption of a 128-element transmitting circuit array that would be used in an portable ultrasound scanner is found to be a maximum of 181 mW....

  11. A reconfigurable optoelectronic interconnect technology for multi-processor networks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lu, Y.C.; Cheng, J. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Center for High Technology Materials; Zolper, J.C.; Klem, J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1995-05-01

    This paper describes a new optical interconnect architecture and the integrated optoelectronic circuit technology for implementing a parallel, reconfigurable, multiprocessor network. The technology consists of monolithic array`s of optoelectronic switches that integrate vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with three-terminal heterojunction phototransistors, which effectively combined the functions of an optical transceiver and an optical spatial routing switch. These switches have demonstrated optical switching at 200 Mb/s, and electrical-to-optical data conversion at > 500 Mb/s, with a small-signal electrical-to-optical modulation bandwidth of {approximately} 4 GHz.

  12. Reconfigurable long-range phonon dynamics in optomechanical arrays

    CERN Document Server

    Xuereb, André; Pupillo, Guido; Paternostro, Mauro; Dantan, Aurélien

    2013-01-01

    We investigate periodic optomechanical arrays as reconfigurable platforms for engineering the coupling between multiple mechanical and electromagnetic modes and for exploring many-body phonon dynamics. Exploiting structural resonances in the coupling between light fields and collective motional modes of the array, we show that tunable effective long-range interactions between mechanical modes can be achieved. This paves the way towards the implementation of controlled phononic walks and heat transfer on densely-connected graphs as well as the coherent transfer of excitations between distant elements of optomechanical arrays.

  13. Design and Implementation of Privacy Impact Assessment for Android Mobile Devices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Kuan Lin; YANG Chung��Huang

    2016-01-01

    There are a lot of personal information stored in our smartphones, for instance, contacts, messages, photos, banking credentials and social network access. Therefore, ensuring personal data safety is a critical research and practical issue. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the influence of personal data security and decrease the privacy risks in the Android system. We apply the concept of privacy impact assessment (PIA) to design a system, which identifies permission requirements of apps, detects the po⁃tential activities from the logger and analyses the configuration settings. The system provides a user⁃friendly interface for users to get in⁃depth knowledge of the impact of privacy risk, and it could run on Android devices without USB teleport and network con⁃nection to avoid other problems. Our research finds that many apps announce numerous unnecessary permissions, and the applica⁃tion installing confirmation dialog does not show all requirement permissions when apps are installed first time.

  14. Development and Validation of a Spike Detection and Classification Algorithm Aimed at Implementation on Hardware Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Biffi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Neurons cultured in vitro on MicroElectrode Array (MEA devices connect to each other, forming a network. To study electrophysiological activity and long term plasticity effects, long period recording and spike sorter methods are needed. Therefore, on-line and real time analysis, optimization of memory use and data transmission rate improvement become necessary. We developed an algorithm for amplitude-threshold spikes detection, whose performances were verified with (a statistical analysis on both simulated and real signal and (b Big O Notation. Moreover, we developed a PCA-hierarchical classifier, evaluated on simulated and real signal. Finally we proposed a spike detection hardware design on FPGA, whose feasibility was verified in terms of CLBs number, memory occupation and temporal requirements; once realized, it will be able to execute on-line detection and real time waveform analysis, reducing data storage problems.

  15. China's Reconfigurable Planet Probing Robot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    RenShufang

    2005-01-01

    Research of reconfigurable planet probing robot conducted by the Shenyang Institute of Automation of the Chinese Academy of Science (SIA-CAS) has passed appraisal of 863 Program sresearch on intelligent robots.

  16. Control Reconfigurability of Bilinear Hydraulic Drive Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shaker, Hamid Reza; Tahavori, Maryamsadat

    2011-01-01

    be effective if sufficient redundancy does not exist in the process. A measure for control reconfigurability which reveals the level of redundancy in connection with feedback control is proposed in this paper for bilinear systems. The proposed control reconfigurability measure is the extension of its gramian......The objective of the methods within the framework of the plug and play process control and particularly fault tolerant control is to establish control techniques which guarantee a certain performance through control reconfiguration at the occurrence of the faults or changes. These methods cannot......-based analogous counterpart, which has been previously proposed for the linear processes. The control reconfigurability is calculated for the bilinear models of an electro-hydraulic drive to show its relevance to redundant actuating capabilities in the models....

  17. Performance Monitoring in Transparent Reconfigurable WDM Networks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chun-Kit.Chan; Frank; Tong

    2003-01-01

    This paper classifies and surveys different approaches proposed for performance monitoring, in particular the optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) monitoring, in transparent reconfigurable WDM networks. Some considerations for future monitoring schemes are discussed.

  18. Reconfigurable/Reprogrammable Communication Systems Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The future of reconfigurable/reprogrammable transceivers with !Y 1 Gbps transmission and reception data rates for future NASA space communications applications will...

  19. Reconfigurable materials: Algorithm for architectural origami

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paik, Jamie

    2017-01-01

    An algorithm has been developed allowing the rational design of origami-inspired materials that can be rearranged to change their properties. This might open the way to strategies for making reconfigurable robots. See Article p.347

  20. Elements of Autonomous Self-Reconfigurable Robots

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, David Johan

    In this thesis, we study several central elements of autonomous self-reconfigurable modular robots. Unlike conventional robots such robots are: i) Modular, since robots are assembled from numerous robotic modules. ii) Reconfigurable, since the modules can be combined in a variety of ways. iii) Self......-reconfigurable, since the modules themselves are able to change how they are combined. iv) Autonomous, since robots control themselves without human guidance. Such robots are attractive to study since they in theory have several desirable characteristics, such as versatility, reliability and cheapness. In practice...... robots: design, scalability, self-reconfiguration and adaptation. The first element we consider is the design of systems, modules, robots, and behaviors. We introduce a number of design principles that will guide our designs throughout the thesis. The design principles advocate simple, extendable...

  1. MEMS-Enabled Smart Reconfigurable Antennas Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — A prototype wearable smart reconfigurable antenna for the Suit will be built to be used during NASA's EVA operations on lunar surface. The design is based on the...

  2. Error analysis and algorithm implementation for an improved optical-electric tracking device based on MEMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Hong; Wu, Qian-zhong

    2013-09-01

    In order to improve the precision of optical-electric tracking device, proposing a kind of improved optical-electric tracking device based on MEMS, in allusion to the tracking error of gyroscope senor and the random drift, According to the principles of time series analysis of random sequence, establish AR model of gyro random error based on Kalman filter algorithm, then the output signals of gyro are multiple filtered with Kalman filter. And use ARM as micro controller servo motor is controlled by fuzzy PID full closed loop control algorithm, and add advanced correction and feed-forward links to improve response lag of angle input, Free-forward can make output perfectly follow input. The function of lead compensation link is to shorten the response of input signals, so as to reduce errors. Use the wireless video monitor module and remote monitoring software (Visual Basic 6.0) to monitor servo motor state in real time, the video monitor module gathers video signals, and the wireless video module will sent these signals to upper computer, so that show the motor running state in the window of Visual Basic 6.0. At the same time, take a detailed analysis to the main error source. Through the quantitative analysis of the errors from bandwidth and gyro sensor, it makes the proportion of each error in the whole error more intuitive, consequently, decrease the error of the system. Through the simulation and experiment results shows the system has good following characteristic, and it is very valuable for engineering application.

  3. Chip Implementation with a Combined Wireless Temperature Sensor and Reference Devices Based on the DZTC Principle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shey-Shi Lu

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a novel CMOS wireless temperature sensor design in order to improve the sensitivity and linearity of our previous work on such devices. Based on the principle of CMOS double zero temperature coefficient (DZTC points, a combined device is first created at the chip level with two voltage references, one current reference, and one temperature sensor. It was successfully fabricated using the 0.35 μm CMOS process. According to the chip results in a wide temperature range from −20 °C to 120 °C, two voltage references can provide temperature-stable outputs of 823 mV and 1,265 mV with maximum deviations of 0.2 mV and 8.9 mV, respectively. The result for the current reference gives a measurement of 23.5 µA, with a maximum deviation of 1.2 µA. The measurements also show that the wireless temperature sensor has good sensitivity of 9.55 mV/°C and high linearity of 97%. The proposed temperature sensor has 4.15-times better sensitivity than the previous design. Moreover, to facilitate temperature data collection, standard wireless data transmission is chosen; therefore, an 8-bit successive-approximation-register (SAR analog-to-digital converter (ADC and a 433 MHz wireless transmitter are also integrated in this chip. Sensing data from different places can be collected remotely avoiding the need for complex wire lines.

  4. A neuromorphic VLSI device for implementing 2-D selective attention systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indiveri, G

    2001-01-01

    Selective attention is a mechanism used to sequentially select and process salient subregions of the input space, while suppressing inputs arriving from nonsalient regions. By processing small amounts of sensory information in a serial fashion, rather than attempting to process all the sensory data in parallel, this mechanism overcomes the problem of flooding limited processing capacity systems with sensory inputs. It is found in many biological systems and can be a useful engineering tool for developing artificial systems that need to process in real-time sensory data. In this paper we present a neuromorphic hardware model of a selective attention mechanism implemented on a very large scale integration (VLSI) chip, using analog circuits. The chip makes use of a spike-based representation for receiving input signals, transmitting output signals and for shifting the selection of the attended input stimulus over time. It can be interfaced to neuromorphic sensors and actuators, for implementing multichip selective attention systems. We describe the characteristics of the circuits used in the architecture and present experimental data measured from the system.

  5. Universal Reconfiguration of (Hyper-)cubic Robots

    OpenAIRE

    Abel, Zachary; Kominers, Scott D.

    2008-01-01

    We study a simple reconfigurable robot model which has not been previously examined: cubic robots comprised of three-dimensional cubic modules which can slide across each other and rotate about each others' edges. We demonstrate that the cubic robot model is universal, i.e., that an n-module cubic robot can reconfigure itself into any specified n-module configuration. Additionally, we provide an algorithm that efficiently plans and executes cubic robot motion. Our results directly extend to a...

  6. RF MEMS reconfigurable triangular patch antenna.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Christodoulou, Christos George (The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Nordquist, Christopher Daniel; Feldner, Lucas Matthew

    2005-07-01

    A Ka-band RF MEMS enabled frequency reconfigurable triangular microstrip patch antenna has been designed for monolithic integration with RF MEMS phase shifters to demonstrate a low-cost monolithic passive electronically scanned array (PESA). This paper introduces our first prototype reconfigurable triangular patch antenna currently in fabrication. The aperture coupled patch antenna is fabricated on a dual-layer quartz/alumina substrate using surface micromachining techniques.

  7. A Reconfigurable Radiation Pattern Annular Slot Antenna

    OpenAIRE

    Aziz, NA; Radhi, A; Nilavalan, R

    2016-01-01

    This paper contemplate a theoretical analysis of a pattern reconfigurable antenna using annular slot antenna operating in low frequency. A shorting pin is inserted to allow the annular slot antenna to have an omnidirectional radiation pattern like a monopole antenna. The reconfigurable antenna consists of numerous metal cylinders arranged around the annular slot antenna. By controlling pin diodes associated with the metal cylinders, the antenna is capable of working up in different dire...

  8. RF MEMS reconfigurable triangular patch antenna.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nordquist, Christopher Daniel; Christodoulou, Christos George (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Feldner, Lucas Matthew

    2005-01-01

    A Ka-band RF MEMS enabled frequency reconfigurable triangular microstrip patch antenna has been designed for monolithic integration with RF MEMS phase shifters to demonstrate a low-cost monolithic passive electronically scanned array (PESA). This paper introduces our first prototype reconfigurable triangular patch antenna currently in fabrication. The aperture coupled patch antenna is fabricated on a dual-layer quartz/alumina substrate using surface micromachining techniques.

  9. Correlation Coefficient Control For A Frequency Reconfigurable Dual-Band Compact MIMO Antenna Destined For LTE

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tatomirescu, Alexandru; Buskgaard, Emil Feldborg; Pedersen, Gert Frølund

    2014-01-01

    In this contribution, we are proposing a compact design for an implementation of a two element MIMO antenna destined for LTE smart phones. The antennas are collocated at one end of the PCB to minimize antenna volume. Each element is dual-band and frequency reconfigurable using tunable capacitors...

  10. Reconfiguring and Realigning the Assessment Feedback Processes for an Undergraduate Criminology Degree

    Science.gov (United States)

    Case, Stephen

    2007-01-01

    A reconfigured and realigned system of assessment feedback was implemented with undergraduates taking criminology modules at Swansea University. The reformulated system integrated explicit engagement with assessment criteria in feedback given on an electronic template form with the use of a statement bank and the offer of follow-up, feedback…

  11. Integrated microwave photonic splitter with reconfigurable amplitude, phase, and delay offsets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhuang, Leimeng; Burla, Maurizio; Taddei, Caterina; Roeloffzen, Chris G.H.; Hoekman, Marcel; Leinse, Arne; Boller, Klaus-J.; Lowery, Arthur J.

    2015-01-01

    This work presents an integrated microwave photonics splitter with reconfigurable amplitude, phase, and delay offsets. The core components for this function are a dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder modulator, a deinterleaver, and tunable delay lines, all implemented using photonic integrated circuits. Using

  12. Reconfiguring and Realigning the Assessment Feedback Processes for an Undergraduate Criminology Degree

    Science.gov (United States)

    Case, Stephen

    2007-01-01

    A reconfigured and realigned system of assessment feedback was implemented with undergraduates taking criminology modules at Swansea University. The reformulated system integrated explicit engagement with assessment criteria in feedback given on an electronic template form with the use of a statement bank and the offer of follow-up, feedback…

  13. A Novel Reconfigurable Ultra-broadband Millimeter-wave Photonic Harmonic Down-converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pang, Xiaodan; Zhao, Ying; Deng, Lei;

    2011-01-01

    We propose a novel ultra-broadband reconfigurable photonic harmonic mixer functioning as a millimeter-wave downconverter for multigigabit wireless applications. Based on frequency conversion implemented by an optical frequency comb generator, the photonic mixer is able to operate up to 100GHz...

  14. The Impact of Faculty Perceived Reconfigurability of Learning Management Systems on Effective Teaching Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jianfeng; Doll, William J.; Deng, Xiaodong; Park, Kihyun; Yang, Ma Ga

    2013-01-01

    This study explores whether learning management systems (LMSs) enable faculty course developers to use the reconfigurable characteristics of the software to implement the seven principles of effective teaching (Chickering & Gamson, 1987). If LMSs are to be considered pedagogically effective, these systems must help engage faculty in effective…

  15. Evolution of a designless nanoparticle network into reconfigurable Boolean logic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bose, S. K.; Lawrence, C. P.; Liu, Z.; Makarenko, K. S.; van Damme, R. M. J.; Broersma, H. J.; van der Wiel, W. G.

    2015-12-01

    Natural computers exploit the emergent properties and massive parallelism of interconnected networks of locally active components. Evolution has resulted in systems that compute quickly and that use energy efficiently, utilizing whatever physical properties are exploitable. Man-made computers, on the other hand, are based on circuits of functional units that follow given design rules. Hence, potentially exploitable physical processes, such as capacitive crosstalk, to solve a problem are left out. Until now, designless nanoscale networks of inanimate matter that exhibit robust computational functionality had not been realized. Here we artificially evolve the electrical properties of a disordered nanomaterials system (by optimizing the values of control voltages using a genetic algorithm) to perform computational tasks reconfigurably. We exploit the rich behaviour that emerges from interconnected metal nanoparticles, which act as strongly nonlinear single-electron transistors, and find that this nanoscale architecture can be configured in situ into any Boolean logic gate. This universal, reconfigurable gate would require about ten transistors in a conventional circuit. Our system meets the criteria for the physical realization of (cellular) neural networks: universality (arbitrary Boolean functions), compactness, robustness and evolvability, which implies scalability to perform more advanced tasks. Our evolutionary approach works around device-to-device variations and the accompanying uncertainties in performance. Moreover, it bears a great potential for more energy-efficient computation, and for solving problems that are very hard to tackle in conventional architectures.

  16. Reconfigurable exciton-plasmon interconversion for nanophotonic circuits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hyun Seok; Luong, Dinh Hoa; Kim, Min Su; Jin, Youngjo; Kim, Hyun; Yun, Seokjoon; Lee, Young Hee

    2016-11-01

    The recent challenges for improving the operation speed of nanoelectronics have motivated research on manipulating light in on-chip integrated circuits. Hybrid plasmonic waveguides with low-dimensional semiconductors, including quantum dots and quantum wells, are a promising platform for realizing sub-diffraction limited optical components. Meanwhile, two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have received broad interest in optoelectronics owing to tightly bound excitons at room temperature, strong light-matter and exciton-plasmon interactions, available top-down wafer-scale integration, and band-gap tunability. Here, we demonstrate principal functionalities for on-chip optical communications via reconfigurable exciton-plasmon interconversions in ~200-nm-diameter Ag-nanowires overlapping onto TMD transistors. By varying device configurations for each operation purpose, three active components for optical communications are realized: field-effect exciton transistors with a channel length of ~32 μm, field-effect exciton multiplexers transmitting multiple signals through a single NW and electrical detectors of propagating plasmons with a high On/Off ratio of~190. Our results illustrate the unique merits of two-dimensional semiconductors for constructing reconfigurable device architectures in integrated nanophotonic circuits.

  17. Towards a generic operational amplifier with dynamic reconfiguration capability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. K. Lakshmanan

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Analog and analog-digital mixed signal electronics needed for sensor systems are indispensable components which tend to drifts from the normal phase of operation due to the impact of manufacturing conditions and environmental influences like etching, aging etc. Precise design methodology, trimming / calibration are essential to restore functionality of the system. Recent block level granular approaches using Field Programmable Analog Array and the more recent approaches from evolutionary electronics providing transistor level granularity using Field Programmable Transistor Arrays offers considerable extensions. In our work, we started on a new medium granular level approach called Field Programmable medium-granular Mixed-signal Array (FPMA providing basic building blocks of heterogeneous array of active and passive devices to configure established circuit structures which are adaptive, biologically inspired and dynamically re-configurable. Our design objective is to create components of clear compatibility to that of the industrial standards having predictable behavior along with the incorporation of existing design knowledge. The cells can be used in as a single instance or multiple instances. Further, we will focus on a generic dynamic reconfigurable amplifier cell with flexible topology and dimension called Generic Operational Amplifier (GOPA. The incentive of our work comes from recent development in the field of measurement and instrumentation. The digital programming of analog devices is carried out using range of algorithms from simple to evolutionary. Physical realization of the basic cells is carried out in 0.35 μm CMOS technology.

  18. Self-chemisorption of azurin on functionalized oxide surfaces for the implementation of biomolecular devices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biasco, A.; Maruccio, G.; Visconti, P.; Bramanti, A.; Calogiuri, P.; Cingolani, R.; Rinaldi, R

    2004-06-01

    In this work, we investigate the formation of redox protein Azurin (Az) monolayers on functionalized oxygen exposing surfaces. These metallo-proteins mediate electron transfer in the denitrifying chain of Pseudomonas bacteria and exhibit self-assembly properties, therefore they are good candidates for bio-electronic applications. Azurin monolayers are self-assembled onto silane functionalized surfaces and characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM). We show also that a biomolecular field effect transistor (FET) in the solid state can be implemented by interconnecting an Azurin monolayer immobilized on SiO{sub 2} with two gold nanoelectrodes. Transport experiments, carried out at room temperature and ambient pressure, show FET behavior with conduction modulated by the gate potential.

  19. Reconfigurable Reflectarrays and Array Lenses for Dynamic Antenna Beam Control: A Review

    CERN Document Server

    Hum, Sean Victor

    2013-01-01

    Advances in reflectarrays and array lenses with electronic beam-forming capabilities are enabling a host of new possibilities for these high-performance, low-cost antenna architectures. This paper reviews enabling technologies and topologies of reconfigurable reflectarray and array lens designs, and surveys a range of experimental implementations and achievements that have been made in this area in recent years. The paper describes the fundamental design approaches employed in realizing reconfigurable designs, and explores advanced capabilities of these nascent architectures, such as multi-band operation, polarization manipulation, frequency agility, and amplification. Finally, the paper concludes by discussing future challenges and possibilities for these antennas.

  20. Utilizing nonlinearity of transistors for reconfigurable chaos computation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ditto, William; Kia, Behnam

    2014-03-01

    A VLSI circuit design for chaos computing is presented that exploits the intrinsic nonlinearity of transistors to implement a novel approach for conventional and chaotic computing circuit design. In conventional digital circuit design and implementation, transistors are simply switched on or off. We argue that by using the full range of nonlinear dynamics of transistors, we can design and build more efficient computational elements and logic blocks. Furthermore, the nonlinearity of these transistor circuits can be used to program the logic block to implement different types of computational elements that can be reconfigured. Because the intrinsic nonlinear dynamics of the transistors are utilized the resulting circuits typically require fewer transistors compared to conventional digital circuits as we exploit the intrinsic nonlinearity of the transistors to realize computations. This work was done with support from ONR grant N00014-12-1-0026 and from an ONR STTR and First Pass Engineering.

  1. Configuration representation and reconfiguration optimization for the reconfigurable robots with independent manipulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG MingHui; MA ShuGen; LI Bin; WANG YueChao

    2009-01-01

    Single module of the reconfigurable robots with independent manipulation can perform the actions of locomotion and manipulation. In conformity with the request for achieving autonomous operation in the unstructurized environment Instead of fixed operation in the structurized environment, these robots are applied in the complicated and dangerous environment. The existing researches on the configura-tion theory focus on the reconfigurable robots with limited locomotion and the ones with independent locomotion, not being applicable to the reconfigurable robots with independent manipulation. The vec-tor configuration is put forward, the research content of which contains the topology and locomotion direction of configuration, the posture and orientation and connection relation between modules. Mod-ule state vector and configuration state matrix are proposed for representation methodology for the swarm configuration of these reconfigurable robots, which supports transformation operation to repre-sent and trigger behavior motion of the module and reconfiguration between configurations. Optimiza-tion algorithm of assembly reconfiguration applying workload as the optimization target is presented, as well as optimization algorithm of transformation reconfiguration applying the Integration of pos-ture_orientation_workload and connection_workload. The result of optimization is the relation of state transformation between the initial configuration and the object one as the basic of reconfiguration plan and control.

  2. Reconfigurable mobile radio systems a snapshot of key aspects related to reconfigurability in wireless systems

    CERN Document Server

    Vivier, Guillaume

    2010-01-01

    Different aspects of the reconfigurability of mobile radio systems are analyzed in this book. These include services, object modeling applied to software radio, flexible spectrum management, trade-offs for building a reconfigurable terminal, an example of a pure software radio modem, adaptive MIMO techniques and analog-to-digital converters.

  3. Wearable Fabric Reconfigurable Beam-Steering Antenna for On/Off-Body Communication System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seonghun Kang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a comparison of on-body performances between omnidirectional (loop antenna and reconfigurable beam-steering antennas. Both omnidirectional and reconfigurable antennas were manufactured on the same fabric substrate and operated at the frequency band of the WLAN 802.11a (5.725–5.85 GHz. The reconfigurable antenna was designed to steer the beam directions. In order to implement the beam-steering capability, the antenna used two PIN diodes. The maximum beam directions of three states (states 0, 1, and 2 were steerable in the YZ-plane (h=2°, 28°, and 326°, resp.. The measured peak gains were 5.9–6.6 dBi and the overall half power beam width (HPBW was 102°. The measured results of total radiated power (TRP and total isotropic sensitivity (TIS indicated that the communication efficiency of the reconfigurable beam steering antenna was better than that of the loop antenna. When the input power was 0.04 W (16 dBm, the simulated specific absorption rate (SAR values of the reconfigurable beam steering antenna on the body were less than 0.979 W/kg (1 g tissue in all states, satisfying the SAR criteria of the US.

  4. A Dynamically Reconfigurable Video Compression Scheme Using FPGAs with Coarse-grain Parallelism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Ramachandran

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A dynamically reconfigurable scheme for video encoder to switch among many different applications is presented. The scheme is suitable for FPGA implementation and conforms to JPEG, MPEG-1, MPEG-2, and H.263 standards. The scheme has emerged as an efficient and cost-effective solution for video compression as a result of innovative design using well-partitioned algorithms, highly pipelined architecture and coarse-grain parallelism. The reconfiguration time of the video encoder is less than 320 μs while switching from one standard to another. Although the dynamic reconfiguration scheme is presented for a video encoder, the same design methodology may be applied effectively for any other application.

  5. On a Jansen leg with multiple gait patterns for reconfigurable walking platforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shunsuke Nansai

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Legged robots are able to move across irregular terrains and those based on 1-degree-of-freedom planar linkages can be energy efficient, but are often constrained by a limited range of gaits which can limit their locomotion capabilities considerably. This article reports the design of a novel reconfigurable Theo Jansen linkage that produces a wide variety of gait cycles, opening new possibilities for innovative applications. The suggested mechanism switches from a pin-jointed Grübler kinematic chain to a 5-degree-of-freedom mechanism with slider joints during the reconfiguration process. It is shown that such reconfigurable linkage significantly extend the capabilities of the original design, while maintaining its mechanical simplicity during normal operation, to not only produce different useful gait patterns but also to realize behaviors beyond locomotion. Experiments with an implemented prototype are presented, and their results validate the proposed approach.

  6. Towards a ^87Rb BEC apparatus with reconfigurable arbitrary optical potentials and artificial gauge fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niffenegger, Robert; Olson, Abraham; Chen, Yong P.

    2012-06-01

    We have constructed an all-optical ^87Rb BEC apparatus, which is currently creating condensates in a 1550nm cross beam optical dipole trap every 30s. We present experimental progress toward implementing reconfigurable arbitrary optical potentials and artificial gauge fields in our apparatus. Time-averaged, dynamically-reconfigurable, arbitrary-shaped optical potentials are generated using a dual-axis AOM controlled by a two-channel high-bandwidth arbitrary RF waveform generator. Using a blue-detuned 532nm laser, we have demonstrated various optical potential geometries such as a tilting wedge, checkerboard and elliptical barriers. Such arbitrary, reconfigurable optical potentials will be used to explore quantum phase transitions in superfluids. Our excellent optical access also allows the addition of Raman beams of various arrangements. Raman dressed states can be used to induce spin dependent artificial gauge fields for studying physics such as the spin Hall effect.

  7. Heterogeneous reconfigurable processors for real-time baseband processing from algorithm to architecture

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Chenxin; Öwall, Viktor

    2016-01-01

    This book focuses on domain-specific heterogeneous reconfigurable architectures, demonstrating for readers a computing platform which is flexible enough to support multiple standards, multiple modes, and multiple algorithms. The content is multi-disciplinary, covering areas of wireless communication, computing architecture, and circuit design. The platform described provides real-time processing capability with reasonable implementation cost, achieving balanced trade-offs among flexibility, performance, and hardware costs. The authors discuss efficient design methods for wireless communication processing platforms, from both an algorithm and architecture design perspective. Coverage also includes computing platforms for different wireless technologies and standards, including MIMO, OFDM, Massive MIMO, DVB, WLAN, LTE/LTE-A, and 5G. •Discusses reconfigurable architectures, including hardware building blocks such as processing elements, memory sub-systems, Network-on-Chip (NoC), and dynamic hardware reconfigur...

  8. Analysis and Implementation of Cryptographic Hash Functions in Programmable Logic Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tautvydas Brukštus

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In this day’s world, more and more focused on data pro-tection. For data protection using cryptographic science. It is also important for the safe storage of passwords for this uses a cryp-tographic hash function. In this article has been selected the SHA-256 cryptographic hash function to implement and explore, based on fact that it is now a popular and safe. SHA-256 cryp-tographic function did not find any theoretical gaps or conflict situations. Also SHA-256 cryptographic hash function used cryptographic currencies. Currently cryptographic currency is popular and their value is high. For the measurements have been chosen programmable logic integrated circuits as they less effi-ciency then ASIC. We chose Altera Corporation produced prog-rammable logic integrated circuits. Counting speed will be inves-tigated by three programmable logic integrated circuit. We will use programmable logic integrated circuits belong to the same family, but different generations. Each programmable logic integ-rated circuit made using different dimension technology. Choo-sing these programmable logic integrated circuits: EP3C16, EP4CE115 and 5CSEMA5F31. To compare calculations perfor-mances parameters are provided in the tables and graphs. Re-search show the calculation speed and stability of different prog-rammable logic circuits.

  9. Design and implementation of virtual fault diagnosis system for photoelectric tracking devices based on OpenGL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, MingLiang; Li, Cunhua; Zhang, Yong; Su, Liyun

    2009-10-01

    In view of the crucial deficiency of the traditional diagnosis approaches for photoelectric tracking devices and the output of more sufficient diagnosis information, in this paper, an virtual fault diagnosis system based on open graphic library(OpenGL) is proposed. Firstly, some interrelated key principles and technology of virtual reality, visualization and intelligent fault diagnosis technology are put forward. Then, the demand analysis and architecture of the system are elaborated. Next, details of interrelated essential implementation issues are also discussed, including the the 3D modeling of the related diagnosis equipments, key development process and design via OpenGL. Practical applications and experiments illuminate that the proposed approach is feasible and effective.

  10. Power Characterisation for Fine-Grain Reconfigurable Fabrics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias Becker

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a benchmarking methodology for characterising the power consumption of the fine-grain fabric in reconfigurable architectures. This methodology is part of the GroundHog 2009 power benchmarking suite. It covers active and inactive power as well as advanced low-power modes. A method based on random number generators is adopted for comparing activity modes. We illustrate our approach using five field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs that span a range of process technologies: Xilinx Virtex-II Pro, Spartan-3E, Spartan-3AN, Virtex-5, and Silicon Blue iCE65. We find that, despite improvements through process technology and low-power modes, current devices need further improvements to be sufficiently power efficient for mobile applications. The Silicon Blue device demonstrates that performance can be traded off to achieve lower leakage.

  11. Design and implementation of efficient low complexity biomedical artifact canceller for nano devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md Zia Ur RAHMAN

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In the current day scenario, with the rapid development of communication technology remote health care monitoring becomes as an intense research area. In remote health care monitoring, the primary aim is to facilitate the doctor with high resolution biomedical data. In order to cancel various artifacts in clinical environment in this paper we propose some efficient adaptive noise cancellation techniques. To obtain low computational complexity we combine clipping the data or error with Least Mean Square (LMS algorithm. This results sign regressor LMS (SRLMS, sign LMS (SLMS and sign LMS (SSLMS algorithms. Using these algorithms, we design Very-large-scale integration (VLSI architectures of various Biomedical Noise Cancellers (BNCs. In addition, the filtering capabilities of the proposed implementations are measured using real biomedical signals. Among the various BNCs tested, SRLMS based BNC is found to be better with reference to convergence speed, filtering capability and computational complexity. The main advantage of this technique is it needs only one multiplication to compute next weight. In this manner SRLMS based BNC is independent of filter length with reference to its computations. Whereas, the average signal to noise ratio achieved in the noise cancellation experiments are recorded as 7.1059dBs, 7.1776dBs, 6.2795dBs and 5.8847dBs for various BNCs based on LMS, SRLMS, SLMS and SSSLMS algorithms respectively. Based on the filtering characteristics, convergence and computational complexity, the proposed SRLMS based BNC architecture is well suited for nanotechnology applications.

  12. Design and implementation of a smartphone-based portable ultrasound pulsed-wave Doppler device for blood flow measurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Chih-Chung; Lee, Po-Yang; Chen, Pay-Yu; Liu, Ting-Yu

    2012-01-01

    Blood flow measurement using Doppler ultrasound has become a useful tool for diagnosing cardiovascular diseases and as a physiological monitor. Recently, pocket-sized ultrasound scanners have been introduced for portable diagnosis. The present paper reports the implementation of a portable ultrasound pulsed-wave (PW) Doppler flowmeter using a smartphone. A 10-MHz ultrasonic surface transducer was designed for the dynamic monitoring of blood flow velocity. The directional baseband Doppler shift signals were obtained using a portable analog circuit system. After hardware processing, the Doppler signals were fed directly to a smartphone for Doppler spectrogram analysis and display in real time. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the use of this system for medical ultrasound Doppler signal processing. A Couette flow phantom, consisting of two parallel disks with a 2-mm gap, was used to evaluate and calibrate the device. Doppler spectrograms of porcine blood flow were measured using this stand-alone portable device under the pulsatile condition. Subsequently, in vivo portable system verification was performed by measuring the arterial blood flow of a rat and comparing the results with the measurement from a commercial ultrasound duplex scanner. All of the results demonstrated the potential for using a smartphone as a novel embedded system for portable medical ultrasound applications. © 2012 IEEE

  13. Polarization Reconfigurable Patch Antenna Using Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) Actuators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simons, Rainee N.; Chun, Donghoon; Katehi, Linda P. B.

    2002-01-01

    The paper demonstrates a nearly square patch antenna integrated with a novel microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) actuator for reconfiguring the polarization. Experimental results demonstrate that at a fixed frequency, the polarization can be reconfigured, from circular to linear.

  14. Reconfigurable origami-inspired acoustic waveguides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babaee, Sahab; Overvelde, Johannes T. B.; Chen, Elizabeth R.; Tournat, Vincent; Bertoldi, Katia

    2016-01-01

    We combine numerical simulations and experiments to design a new class of reconfigurable waveguides based on three-dimensional origami-inspired metamaterials. Our strategy builds on the fact that the rigid plates and hinges forming these structures define networks of tubes that can be easily reconfigured. As such, they provide an ideal platform to actively control and redirect the propagation of sound. We design reconfigurable systems that, depending on the externally applied deformation, can act as networks of waveguides oriented along one, two, or three preferential directions. Moreover, we demonstrate that the capability of the structure to guide and radiate acoustic energy along predefined directions can be easily switched on and off, as the networks of tubes are reversibly formed and disrupted. The proposed designs expand the ability of existing acoustic metamaterials and exploit complex waveguiding to enhance control over propagation and radiation of acoustic energy, opening avenues for the design of a new class of tunable acoustic functional systems. PMID:28138527

  15. A dynamically reconfigurable data stream processing system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nogiec, J.M.; Trombly-Freytag, K.; /Fermilab

    2004-11-01

    This paper describes a component-based framework for data stream processing that allows for configuration, tailoring, and runtime system reconfiguration. The system's architecture is based on a pipes and filters pattern, where data is passed through routes between components. A network of pipes and filters can be dynamically reconfigured in response to a preplanned sequence of processing steps, operator intervention, or a change in one or more data streams. This framework provides several mechanisms supporting dynamic reconfiguration and can be used to build static data stream processing applications such as monitoring or data acquisition systems, as well as self-adjusting systems that can adapt their processing algorithm, presentation layer, or data persistency layer in response to changes in input data streams.

  16. Reconfigurable origami-inspired acoustic waveguides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babaee, Sahab; Overvelde, Johannes T B; Chen, Elizabeth R; Tournat, Vincent; Bertoldi, Katia

    2016-11-01

    We combine numerical simulations and experiments to design a new class of reconfigurable waveguides based on three-dimensional origami-inspired metamaterials. Our strategy builds on the fact that the rigid plates and hinges forming these structures define networks of tubes that can be easily reconfigured. As such, they provide an ideal platform to actively control and redirect the propagation of sound. We design reconfigurable systems that, depending on the externally applied deformation, can act as networks of waveguides oriented along one, two, or three preferential directions. Moreover, we demonstrate that the capability of the structure to guide and radiate acoustic energy along predefined directions can be easily switched on and off, as the networks of tubes are reversibly formed and disrupted. The proposed designs expand the ability of existing acoustic metamaterials and exploit complex waveguiding to enhance control over propagation and radiation of acoustic energy, opening avenues for the design of a new class of tunable acoustic functional systems.

  17. A reconfigurable NAND/NOR genetic logic gate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goñi-Moreno, Angel; Amos, Martyn

    2012-09-18

    Engineering genetic Boolean logic circuits is a major research theme of synthetic biology. By altering or introducing connections between genetic components, novel regulatory networks are built in order to mimic the behaviour of electronic devices such as logic gates. While electronics is a highly standardized science, genetic logic is still in its infancy, with few agreed standards. In this paper we focus on the interpretation of logical values in terms of molecular concentrations. We describe the results of computational investigations of a novel circuit that is able to trigger specific differential responses depending on the input standard used. The circuit can therefore be dynamically reconfigured (without modification) to serve as both a NAND/NOR logic gate. This multi-functional behaviour is achieved by a) varying the meanings of inputs, and b) using branch predictions (as in computer science) to display a constrained output. A thorough computational study is performed, which provides valuable insights for the future laboratory validation. The simulations focus on both single-cell and population behaviours. The latter give particular insights into the spatial behaviour of our engineered cells on a surface with a non-homogeneous distribution of inputs. We present a dynamically-reconfigurable NAND/NOR genetic logic circuit that can be switched between modes of operation via a simple shift in input signal concentration. The circuit addresses important issues in genetic logic that will have significance for more complex synthetic biology applications.

  18. Reconfigurable Data Communications Packet-Switch Emulation Test Bed Demonstrated

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Pong P.; Jones, Robert E.

    1999-01-01

    The Communications Technology Division at the NASA Lewis Research Center has an ongoing program to develop advanced switching and routing technology concepts for future satellite onboard processing systems. Through a university grant as a part of this research, the Cleveland State University is using a flexible reconfigurable data communications packet switch emulation test bed to investigate packet switching techniques. Because of the switching speed and protocol complexity, implementing a data communications network is a tremendous task. Various alternatives should be carefully studied and evaluated in the development stage so that the optimal system configuration can be obtained and implemented later. Therefore, it is desirable to predict the performance of the network before it is actually constructed. This is especially true in the case of satellite systems. In the past, theoretical analysis, software simulation, and prototyping were used to evaluate performance. However, each method has its drawback. There are basic tradeoffs among accuracy, cost, and required evaluation time. No method is completely satisfactory.

  19. Survey on research and development of reconfigurable modular robots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinguo Liu

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a comprehensive survey of reconfigurable modular robots, which covers the origin, history, the state of the art, key technologies, challenges, and applications of reconfigurable modular robots. An elaborative classification of typical reconfigurable modular robots is proposed based on the characteristics of the modules and the reconfiguration mechanism. As the system characteristics of reconfigurable modular robots are mainly dependent on the functions of modules, the mechanical and electrical design features of modules of typical reconfigurable modular robots are discussed in detail. Furthermore, an in-depth comparison analysis is conducted, which encompasses discussions of module shape, module degrees of freedom, module attribute, connection mechanisms, interface autonomy, locomotion modes, and workspace. Meanwhile, many reconfigurable modular robot researches focus on the study of self-X capabilities (i.e. self-reconfiguration, self-assembly, self-adaption, etc., which embodies autonomy performance of reconfigurable modular robots in certain extent. An evolutionary cobweb evaluation model is proposed in this article to evaluate the autonomy level of reconfigurable modular robots. Although various reconfigurable modular robots have been developed and some of them have been put into practical applications such as search and rescue missions, there still exist many open theoretical, technical, and practical challenges in this field. This work is hopefully to offer a reference for the further developments of reconfigurable modular robots.

  20. Reducing Redundancies in Reconfigurable Antenna Structures Using Graph Models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costantine, Joseph; al-Saffar, Sinan; Christodoulou, Christos G.; Abdallah, Chaouki T.

    2010-04-23

    Many reconfigurable antennas have redundant components in their structures. In this paper we present an approach for reducing redundancies in reconfigurable antenna structures using graph models. We study reconfigurable antennas, which are grouped, categorized and modeled according to a set of proposed graph rules. Several examples are presented and discussed to demonstrate the validity of this new technique.

  1. A Taxonomy of Reconfigurable Single-/Multiprocessor Systems-on-Chip

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Göhringer

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Runtime adaptivity of hardware in processor architectures is a novel trend, which is under investigation in a variety of research labs all over the world. The runtime exchange of modules, implemented on a reconfigurable hardware, affects the instruction flow (e.g., in reconfigurable instruction set processors or the data flow, which has a strong impact on the performance of an application. Furthermore, the choice of a certain processor architecture related to the class of target applications is a crucial point in application development. A simple example is the domain of high-performance computing applications found in meteorology or high-energy physics, where vector processors are the optimal choice. A classification scheme for computer systems was provided in 1966 by Flynn where single/multiple data and instruction streams were combined to four types of architectures. This classification is now used as a foundation for an extended classification scheme including runtime adaptivity as further degree of freedom for processor architecture design. The developed scheme is validated by a multiprocessor system implemented on reconfigurable hardware as well as by a classification of existing static and reconfigurable processor systems.

  2. Efficient Modelling Methodology for Reconfigurable Underwater Robots

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mikkel Cornelius; Blanke, Mogens; Schjølberg, Ingrid

    2016-01-01

    This paper considers the challenge of applying reconfigurable robots in an underwater environment. The main result presented is the development of a model for a system comprised of N, possibly heterogeneous, robots dynamically connected to each other and moving with 6 Degrees of Freedom (DOF......). This paper presents an application of the Udwadia-Kalaba Equation for modelling the Reconfigurable Underwater Robots. The constraints developed to enforce the rigid connection between robots in the system is derived through restrictions on relative distances and orientations. To avoid singularities...

  3. Hybrid antenna synthesis for reconfigurable contoured beams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Searle, A. D.; Westcott, B. S.

    1993-08-01

    A reflector illuminated by a small phased array is an attractive antenna configuration for systems requiring reconfigurable contoured beams. The use of a shaped reflector can provide control of the feed power distribution and antenna geometry. A systematic reflector synthesis technique based on geometric optics is formulated, using complex coordinate notation and illustrated by application to a simple design requirement. Results demonstrate that geometric shaping can be successfully applied to systems with distributed sources, and that significant beam reconfiguration can be achieved by phase-only control of the feed array.

  4. Reconfigurable photoinduced metamaterials in the microwave regime

    CERN Document Server

    Rizza, Carlo; De Paulis, Francesco; Palange, Elia; Orlandi, Antonio; Columbo, Lorenzo; Prati, Franco

    2014-01-01

    We investigate optically reconfigurable dielectric metamaterials at gigahertz frequencies. More precisely, we study the microwave response of a subwavelength grating optically imprinted into a semiconductor slab. In the homogenized regime, we analytically evaluate the ordinary and extraordinary component of the effective permittivity tensor by taking into account the photo-carrier dynamics described by the ambipolar diffusion equation. We analyze the impact of semiconductor parameters on the gigahertz metamaterial response which turns out to be highly reconfigurable by varying the photogenerated grating and which can show a marked anisotropic behavior.

  5. Efficient Modelling Methodology for Reconfigurable Underwater Robots

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mikkel Cornelius; Blanke, Mogens; Schjølberg, Ingrid

    2016-01-01

    This paper considers the challenge of applying reconfigurable robots in an underwater environment. The main result presented is the development of a model for a system comprised of N, possibly heterogeneous, robots dynamically connected to each other and moving with 6 Degrees of Freedom (DOF......). This paper presents an application of the Udwadia-Kalaba Equation for modelling the Reconfigurable Underwater Robots. The constraints developed to enforce the rigid connection between robots in the system is derived through restrictions on relative distances and orientations. To avoid singularities...... in the orientation and, thereby, allow the robots to undertake any relative configuration the attitude is represented in Euler parameters....

  6. YAGI UDA SHAPED DUAL RECONFIGURABLE ANTENNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y Srinivas

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, YagiUda shaped rectangular microstrip patch antenna fed by inset feed is designed to operate for frequency and polarization reconfigurability is presented. It consists of a square patch with four corners truncated and three parasitic patches placed on top. It operates as a frequency and polarization, reconfigurable antenna. Switches are placed in the gaps of truncated corners to obtain switching between Linear, Circular polarizations. The proposed antenna also switches between two frequencies by controlling current path between main and parasitic patches through switches. Its performance evaluation is carried out with the help of simulation and physical verification and the results are presented.

  7. Design, Development and Implementation of a Smartphone Overdependence Management System for the Self-Control of Smart Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seo-Joon Lee

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Smartphone overdependence is a type of mental disorder that requires continuous treatment for cure and prevention. A smartphone overdependence management system that is based on scientific evidence is required. This study proposes the design, development and implementation of a smartphone overdependence management system for self-control of smart devices. Methods: The system architecture of the Smartphone Overdependence Management System (SOMS primarily consists of four sessions of mental monitoring: (1 Baseline settlement session; (2 Assessment session; (3 Sensing & monitoring session; and (4 Analysis and feedback session. We developed the smartphone-usage-monitoring application (app and MindsCare personal computer (PC app to receive and integrate usage data from smartphone users. We analyzed smartphone usage data using the Chi-square Automatic Interaction Detector (CHAID. Based on the baseline settlement results, we designed a feedback service to intervene. We implemented the system using 96 participants for testing and validation. The participants were classified into two groups: the smartphone usage control group (SUC and the smartphone usage disorder addiction group (SUD. Results: The background smartphone monitoring app of the proposed system successfully monitored the smartphone usage based on the developed algorithm. The usage minutes of the SUD were higher than the usage minutes of the SUC in 11 of the 16 categories developed in our study. Via the MindsCare PC app, the data were successfully integrated and stored, and managers can successfully analyze and diagnose based on the monitored data. Conclusion: The SOMS is a new system that is based on integrated personalized data for evidence-based smartphone overdependence intervention. The SOMS is useful for managing usage data, diagnosing smartphone overdependence, classifying usage patterns and predicting smartphone overdependence. This system contributes to the diagnosis of

  8. DART: A Functional-Level Reconfigurable Architecture for High Energy Efficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Raphaël

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Flexibility becomes a major concern for the development of multimedia and mobile communication systems, as well as classical high-performance and low-energy consumption constraints. The use of general-purpose processors solves flexibility problems but fails to cope with the increasing demand for energy efficiency. This paper presents the DART architecture based on the functional-level reconfiguration paradigm which allows a significant improvement in energy efficiency. DART is built around a hierarchical interconnection network allowing high flexibility while keeping the power overhead low. To enable specific optimizations, DART supports two modes of reconfiguration. The compilation framework is built using compilation and high-level synthesis techniques. A 3G mobile communication application has been implemented as a proof of concept. The energy distribution within the architecture and the physical implementation are also discussed. Finally, the VLSI design of a 0.13  m CMOS SoC implementing a specialized DART cluster is presented.

  9. Reconfigurable SRTM System for Road Traffic in Kingdom of Bahrain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El-Medany Wael

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents reconfigurable hardware architecture for smart road traffic system based on Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA. The design can be reconfigured for different timing of the traffic signals according to the received and collected data read by the different sensors on the road; the design has been described using VHDL (VHSIC Hardware Description Language. The SRTM (Smart Road Traffic Management System has some more features that help passenger to avoid traffic jamming by sending the collected information through web/mobile applications to find the best road between the start and destination points, which will be displayed on Google maps, at the same time it will also shows the points of traffic jamming on Google maps. SRTM system can also manage emergency vehicles such as ambulance and fire fighter and also can send snapshots and video streaming for different roads and junctions to show the points of traffic jamming. The design has been simulated and tested using ModelSim PE student edition 10.4. Spartan 3 FPGA starter kit from Xilinx has been used for implementing and testing the design in a hardware level.

  10. Integrating Reconfigurable Hardware-Based Grid for High Performance Computing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Dondo Gazzano

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available FPGAs have shown several characteristics that make them very attractive for high performance computing (HPC. The impressive speed-up factors that they are able to achieve, the reduced power consumption, and the easiness and flexibility of the design process with fast iterations between consecutive versions are examples of benefits obtained with their use. However, there are still some difficulties when using reconfigurable platforms as accelerator that need to be addressed: the need of an in-depth application study to identify potential acceleration, the lack of tools for the deployment of computational problems in distributed hardware platforms, and the low portability of components, among others. This work proposes a complete grid infrastructure for distributed high performance computing based on dynamically reconfigurable FPGAs. Besides, a set of services designed to facilitate the application deployment is described. An example application and a comparison with other hardware and software implementations are shown. Experimental results show that the proposed architecture offers encouraging advantages for deployment of high performance distributed applications simplifying development process.

  11. J2ME implementation of system for storing and accessing of sensitive data on patient's mobile device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zabołotny, Wojciech M.; Wielgórski, Radosław; Nowik, Marcin

    2011-10-01

    This paper presents a system allowing to use a patient's mobile phone or PDA for storing of biomedical data, which then, during medical consultation or intervention may be used by the medical staff. The presented solution is aimed on providing both: reliable protection to sensitive patient's data, and easy access to information for authorized medical staff. In the presented system, data are stored in an encrypted form, and the encryption key is available only for authorized persons. The central authentication server verifies the current access rights of the person trying to obtain the information, before providing him or her with the key needed to access the patient's data. The key provided by the server is valid only for the particular device, which minimizes the risk of its misuse. For rare situations when no connection to the authentication server is available (e.g. intervention in the mountains or rural area), system assures an additional "emergency" method to access the encryption key in controlled, registered way. The system has been implemented in Java language and tested in the simulated environment provided by Sun Java Wireless Toolkit for CLDC.

  12. Trustworthy data collection from implantable medical devices via high-speed security implementation based on IEEE 1363.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Fei; Hao, Qi; Lukowiak, Marcin; Sun, Qingquan; Wilhelm, Kyle; Radziszowski, Stanisław; Wu, Yao

    2010-11-01

    Implantable medical devices (IMDs) have played an important role in many medical fields. Any failure in IMDs operations could cause serious consequences and it is important to protect the IMDs access from unauthenticated access. This study investigates secure IMD data collection within a telehealthcare [mobile health (m-health)] network. We use medical sensors carried by patients to securely access IMD data and perform secure sensor-to-sensor communications between patients to relay the IMD data to a remote doctor's server. To meet the requirements on low computational complexity, we choose N-th degree truncated polynomial ring (NTRU)-based encryption/decryption to secure IMD-sensor and sensor-sensor communications. An extended matryoshkas model is developed to estimate direct/indirect trust relationship among sensors. An NTRU hardware implementation in very large integrated circuit hardware description language is studied based on industry Standard IEEE 1363 to increase the speed of key generation. The performance analysis results demonstrate the security robustness of the proposed IMD data access trust model.

  13. Effects of reconfiguration on the performance of mobile navigation robot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fu Yili; Xu He; Li Han; Wang Shuguo; Ma Yuliu

    2006-01-01

    An innovative mobile robot that has reconfigurable locomotion chassis and reconfigurable bionic wheels has been developed to meet the needs of different payload and different terrain. Several prototypes have been achieved by the reconfiguration. By modeling relative comparison coefficients, these prototypes are analyzed in terms of geometrical parameter of trafficability, static stability and maneuverability. The effects of reconfiguration on these indices of robot performance can be compared, i.e. the variable height of chassis h has the biggest effect, the variable length of chassis l is the second, then is the camber angleβ and the caster angle α. Some principles for reconfiguration are proposed.

  14. Evaluation of the Telecommunications Protocol Processing Subsystem Using Reconfigurable Interoperable Gate Array

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Jackson; Liddicoat, Albert; Ralston, Jesse; Pingree, Paula

    2006-01-01

    The current implementation of the Telecommunications Protocol Processing Subsystem Using Reconfigurable Interoperable Gate Arrays (TRIGA) is equipped with CFDP protocol and CCSDS Telemetry and Telecommand framing schemes to replace the CPU intensive software counterpart implementation for reliable deep space communication. We present the hardware/software co-design methodology used to accomplish high data rate throughput. The hardware CFDP protocol stack implementation is then compared against the two recent flight implementations. The results from our experiments show that TRIGA offers more than 3 orders of magnitude throughput improvement with less than one-tenth of the power consumption.

  15. A Network Reconfiguration Method Considering Data Uncertainties in Smart Distribution Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ke-yan Liu

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This work presents a method for distribution network reconfiguration with the simultaneous consideration of distributed generation (DG allocation. The uncertainties of load fluctuation before the network reconfiguration are also considered. Three optimal objectives, including minimal line loss cost, minimum Expected Energy Not Supplied, and minimum switch operation cost, are investigated. The multi-objective optimization problem is further transformed into a single-objective optimization problem by utilizing weighting factors. The proposed network reconfiguration method includes two periods. The first period is to create a feasible topology network by using binary particle swarm optimization (BPSO. Then the DG allocation problem is solved by utilizing sensitivity analysis and a Harmony Search algorithm (HSA. In the meanwhile, interval analysis is applied to deal with the uncertainties of load and devices parameters. Test cases are studied using the standard IEEE 33-bus and PG&E 69-bus systems. Different scenarios and comparisons are analyzed in the experiments. The results show the applicability of the proposed method. The performance analysis of the proposed method is also investigated. The computational results indicate that the proposed network reconfiguration algorithm is feasible.

  16. Web 2.0: platform for the reconfiguration of education in cyber culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcio Roberto De Lima

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses cyberculture and new possibilities for teaching and learning offered by the emergence of Web and its evolution to Web 2.0. It relates the principles of cyberculture (Lemos & Levy, 2010; Lemos, 2003; Lemos, 2005 to education. It evidences opportunities and resources for the reconfiguration of pedagogical practice in cyberculture. It proposes that digital devices and communication networks are used with intent to promote learning and citizenship in the digital culture.

  17. A Web-Based Integration Procedure for the Development of Reconfigurable Robotic Work-Cells

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Concepts related to the development of reconfigurable manufacturing systems (RMS) and methodologies to provide the best practices in the processing industry and factory automation, such as system integration and web‐based technology, are major issues in designing next‐generation manufacturing systems (NGMS). Adaptable and integrable devices are crucial for the success of NGMS. In robotic cells the integration of manufacturing components is essential to accelerate system adaptability. Sensors,...

  18. An Innovative Reconfigurable Integrated Converter Topology Suitable for Distributed Generation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Rizzo

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The electricity market and environmental concerns, with wide utilization of renewable sources, have improved the diffusion of distributed generation units changing the operations of distribution grids from passive networks to microgrids. A microgrid includes a cluster of electrical loads, energy storage devices and microsources, which provide both power and heat to their local area. A microgrid has usually one connection point to the utility grid through power electronic converters placed at customers’ sites. This paper analyses a Reconfigurable Integrated Converter (RIC used for a domestic microgrid with inputs from the AC mains and photovoltaic arrays, and two DC outputs at different voltage levels. A RIC as a dual-boost DC-DC converter is proposed, modelled and analysed in the paper. The advantages of such a topology in comparison with traditional boost converters are outlined. Reported simulations results give evidence on the controllability of this converter and the capability of achieving the desired voltage outputs with reduced ripple.

  19. Single-, Dual- and Triple-band Frequency Reconfigurable Antenna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. H. Idris

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a frequency reconfigurable slot dipole antenna. The antenna is capable of being switched between single-band, dual-band or triple-band operation. The antenna incorporates three pairs of pin-diodes which are located within the dipole arms. The antenna was designed to operate at 2.4 GHz, 3.5 GHz and 5.2 GHz using the aid of CST Microwave Studio. The average measured gains are 1.54, 2.92 and 1.89 dBi for low, mid and high band respectively. A prototype was then constructed in order to verify the performance of the device. A good level of agreement was observed between simulation and measurement.

  20. Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) Actuator for Reconfigurable Patch Antenna Demonstrated

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simons, Rainee N.

    2001-01-01

    A microstrip patch antenna with two contact actuators along the radiating edges for frequency reconfiguration was demonstrated at K-band frequencies. The layout of the antenna is shown in the following figure. This antenna has the following advantages over conventional semiconductor varactor-diode-tuned patch antennas: 1. By eliminating the semiconductor diode and its nonlinear I-V characteristics, the antenna minimizes intermodulation signal distortion. This is particularly important in digital wireless systems, which are sensitive to intersymbol interference caused by intermodulation products. 2. Because the MEMS actuator is an electrostatic device, it does not draw any current during operation and, hence, requires a negligible amount of power for actuation. This is an important advantage for hand-held, battery-operated, portable wireless systems since the battery does not need to be charged frequently. 3. The MEMS actuator does not require any special epitaxial layers as in the case of diodes and, hence, is cost effective.

  1. Controller reconfiguration for non-linear systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kanev, S.; Verhaegen, M.

    2000-01-01

    This paper outlines an algorithm for controller reconfiguration for non-linear systems, based on a combination of a multiple model estimator and a generalized predictive controller. A set of models is constructed, each corresponding to a different operating condition of the system. The interacting m

  2. Reconfigurable Multicore Architectures for Streaming Applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smit, Gerardus Johannes Maria; Kokkeler, Andre B.J.; Rauwerda, G.K.; Jacobs, J.W.M.; Nicolescu, G.; Mosterman, P.J.

    2009-01-01

    This chapter addresses reconfigurable heterogenous and homogeneous multicore system-on-chip (SoC) platforms for streaming digital signal processing applications, also called DSP applications. In streaming DSP applications, computations can be specified as a data flow graph with streams of data items

  3. Automatic Hardware Generation for Reconfigurable Architectures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nane, R.

    2014-01-01

    Reconfigurable Architectures (RA) have been gaining popularity rapidly in the last decade for two reasons. First, processor clock frequencies reached threshold values past which power dissipation becomes a very difficult problem to solve. As a consequence, alternatives were sought to keep improving

  4. Efficient Modelling Methodology for Reconfigurable Underwater Robots

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mikkel Cornelius; Blanke, Mogens; Schjølberg, Ingrid

    2016-01-01

    This paper considers the challenge of applying reconfigurable robots in an underwater environment. The main result presented is the development of a model for a system comprised of N, possibly heterogeneous, robots dynamically connected to each other and moving with 6 Degrees of Freedom (DOF...

  5. Multimode Communication Protocols Enabling Reconfigurable Radios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berlemann Lars

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the realization and application of a generic protocol stack for reconfigurable wireless communication systems. This focus extends the field of software-defined radios which usually concentrates on the physical layer. The generic protocol stack comprises common protocol functionality and behavior which are extended through specific parts of the targeted radio access technology. This paper considers parameterizable modules of basic protocol functions residing in the data link layer of the ISO/OSI model. System-specific functionality of the protocol software is realized through adequate parameterization and composition of the generic modules. The generic protocol stack allows an efficient realization of reconfigurable protocol software and enables a completely reconfigurable wireless communication system. It is a first step from side-by-side realized, preinstalled modes in a terminal towards a dynamic reconfigurable anymode terminal. The presented modules of the generic protocol stack can also be regarded as a toolbox for the accelerated and cost-efficient development of future communication protocols.

  6. A Survey on FPGA-Based Sensor Systems: Towards Intelligent and Reconfigurable Low-Power Sensors for Computer Vision, Control and Signal Processing

    OpenAIRE

    García, Gabriel J.; Jara, Carlos A.; Jorge Pomares; Aiman Alabdo; Poggi, Lucas M.; Fernando Torres

    2014-01-01

    The current trend in the evolution of sensor systems seeks ways to provide more accuracy and resolution, while at the same time decreasing the size and power consumption. The use of Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) provides specific reprogrammable hardware technology that can be properly exploited to obtain a reconfigurable sensor system. This adaptation capability enables the implementation of complex applications using the partial reconfigurability at a very low-power consumption. For...

  7. Modelling, Simulation and Testing of a Reconfigurable Cable-Based Parallel Manipulator as Motion Aiding System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianni Castelli

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents results on the modelling, simulation and experimental tests of a cable-based parallel manipulator to be used as an aiding or guiding system for people with motion disabilities. There is a high level of motivation for people with a motion disability or the elderly to perform basic daily-living activities independently. Therefore, it is of great interest to design and implement safe and reliable motion assisting and guiding devices that are able to help end-users. In general, a robot for a medical application should be able to interact with a patient in safety conditions, i.e. it must not damage people or surroundings; it must be designed to guarantee high accuracy and low acceleration during the operation. Furthermore, it should not be too bulky and it should exert limited wrenches after close interaction with people. It can be advisable to have a portable system which can be easily brought into and assembled in a hospital or a domestic environment. Cable-based robotic structures can fulfil those requirements because of their main characteristics that make them light and intrinsically safe. In this paper, a reconfigurable four-cable-based parallel manipulator has been proposed as a motion assisting and guiding device to help people to accomplish a number of tasks, such as an aiding or guiding system to move the upper and lower limbs or the whole body. Modelling and simulation are presented in the ADAMS environment. Moreover, experimental tests are reported as based on an available laboratory prototype.

  8. Reconfigurable Nano-Plasmonics Holography

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    utilized fixed structures lithographically fabricated by focused ion beam (FIB) or e-beam lithography ( EBL ) and therefore, 4 did not provide...concentration. This was done by spinning on PMMA and then areas with structures that need to be released were exposed with EBL and developed away. When the device...2) Spin on PMMA and then EBL to open release windows; 3) Develop away exposed areas and release beams, etc., in liquid oxide etch; 4) remove PMMA by

  9. Reconfiguration strategies for electrical devices for operation within feasibility margins

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gandor, Malin; Blank, Marita [Oldenburg Univ. (Germany); Lehnhoff, Sebastian [OFFIS - Institut fuer Informatik, Oldenburg (Germany)

    2012-07-01

    Due to a transition of the energy system towards a sustainable energy supply by the integration of renewable, decentralized energy resources, new challenges regarding a safe and secure energy supply appear. With renewable energy resources the power fee-in will be highly volatile. Furthermore, due to a correlated feed-in depending on e.g. weather phenomena or control strategies on the demand side, the system might be operated beyond feasible boundaries. However, the satisfaction of viable operational boundaries must be guaranteed. In this paper a method is presented that allows the utilization of degrees of freedom in form of decentralized flexible electric consumers and products in order to optimize an operational state with regard to its feasibility. First results are presented in a case study. (orig.)

  10. Efficient Implementation of Decimal Floating Point Adder in FPGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Huijing

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Decimal floating Point adder is one of the most frequent operations used by many financial, business and user-oriented applications but current implementations in FPGAs are very inefficient in terms of both area and latency when compared to binary floating point adder. This paper has shown an efficient implementation of a new parallel decimal floating point module on a reconfigurable platform, which is both area as well as performance optimal. The decimal floating-point Adder was further pipelined into five stages to increase the maximum frequency of operation. The synthesis results for a Stratix IV device indicate that our implementations have 25.1% reduction of the latency and 1.1% reduction of area compared to an existing alter-core adder design, presenting area and delay figures close to those of optimal binary adder trees.  

  11. Software-defined microwave photonic filter with high reconfigurable resolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Wei; Yi, Lilin; Jaouën, Yves; Hu, Weisheng

    2016-01-01

    Microwave photonic filters (MPFs) are of great interest in radio frequency systems since they provide prominent flexibility on microwave signal processing. Although filter reconfigurability and tunability have been demonstrated repeatedly, it is still difficult to control the filter shape with very high precision. Thus the MPF application is basically limited to signal selection. Here we present a polarization-insensitive single-passband arbitrary-shaped MPF with ~GHz bandwidth based on stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) in optical fibre. For the first time the filter shape, bandwidth and central frequency can all be precisely defined by software with ~MHz resolution. The unprecedented multi-dimensional filter flexibility offers new possibilities to process microwave signals directly in optical domain with high precision thus enhancing the MPF functionality. Nanosecond pulse shaping by implementing precisely defined filters is demonstrated to prove the filter superiority and practicability. PMID:27759062

  12. Reconfigurable networking for coordinated multi-agent sensing and communications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutton, Jeffrey P; Jamieson, Ian M D

    2002-12-01

    An implementation of a neurally-inspired system comprised of multiple mobile sensor-effector agents is described. Each agent has features of a complex neural network that is able to communicate and adjust its behavior depending upon a variety of parameters, including changes in the environment and the behavior of other agents. The system as a whole spatiotemporally reconfigures itself to perform coordinated behaviors not obtainable with single agents. Transient clustering of agents into functional subsystems to perform specific tasks generates a "system of systems" architecture. The interesting findings of this dynamic platform show that (a) the formation and dissolution of functional subsystems is a local phenomenon without the need for global control and (b) minimal intermittent communication among the agents can yield large-scale, coordinated, goal-driven behavior under a wide range of conditions.

  13. Simple Approach For Induction Motor Control Using Reconfigurable Hardware

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    József VÁSÁRHELYI

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with rotor-field-oriented vector control structures for the induction motor drives fed by the so-called tandem frequency converter. It is composed of two different types of DC-link converters connected in parallel arrangement. The larger-power one has current-source character and is operating synchronized in time and in amplitude with the stator currents. The other one has voltage-source character and it is the actuator of the motor control system. The drive is able to run also with partial-failed tandem converter, if the control strategy corresponds to the actual operating mode. A reconfigurable hardware implemented in configurable logic cells ensures the changing of the vector-control structure. The proposed control schemes were tested by simulation based on Matlab-Simulink model.

  14. Reconfigurable architecture for MIMO systems based on CORDIC operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hongzhi; Leray, Pierre; Palicot, Jacques

    2006-09-01

    The MIMO system is an attractive technology for wireless 3G/4G systems. In this article we propose the realization on FPGA of a MIMO 'V-BLAST Square Root' algorithm based on a variable number of CORDIC operators. The CORDIC operator is highly suitable for this implementation as it only relies on simple techniques of addition and vector offsets. This square root algorithm architecture is reconfigurable in order to adapt itself to different numbers of antennas and different data rates. The proposed architecture can achieve a data rate of 600 Mbit/s in a Virtex-II FPGA circuit from Xilinx for the MIMO system with QPSK modulation. To cite this article: H. Wang et al., C. R. Physique 7 (2006).

  15. Implementation and reimbursement of remote monitoring for cardiac implantable electronic devices in Europe: a survey from the health economics committee of the European Heart Rhythm Association.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mairesse, Georges H; Braunschweig, Frieder; Klersy, Katherine; Cowie, Martin R; Leyva, Francisco

    2015-05-01

    Remote monitoring (RM) of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) permits early detection of arrhythmias, device, and lead failure and may also be useful in risk-predicting patient-related outcomes. Financial benefits for patients and healthcare organizations have also been shown. We sought to assess the implementation and funding of RM of CIEDs, including conventional pacemakers (PMs), implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs), and cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) devices in Europe. Electronic survey from 43 centres in 15 European countries. In the study sample, RM was available in 22% of PM patients, 74% of ICD patients, and 69% of CRT patients. The most significant perceived benefits were the early detection of atrial arrhythmias in pacemaker patients, lead failure in ICD patients, and worsening heart failure in CRT patients. Remote monitoring was reported to lead a reduction of in-office follow-ups for all devices. The most important reported barrier to the implementation of RM for all CIEDs was lack of reimbursement (80% of centres). Physicians regard RM of CIEDs as a clinically useful technology that affords significant benefits for patients and healthcare organizations. Remote monitoring, however, is perceived as increasing workload. Reimbursement for RM is generally perceived as a major barrier to implementation. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2015. For permissions please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  16. A coarse-grained reconfigurable computing architecture with loop self-pipelining

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DOU Yong; WU GuiMing; XU JinHui; ZHOU XingMing

    2009-01-01

    Reconfigurable computing tries to achieve the balance between high efficiency of custom computing and flexibility of general-purpose computing. This paper presents the Implementation techniques in LEAP, a coarse-grained reconfigurable array, and proposes a speculative execution mechanism for dynamic loop scheduling with the goal of one iteration per cycle and Implementation techniques to support decoupling synchronization between the token generator and the collector. This paper also in-troduces the techniques of exploiting both data dependences of intra- and inter-Iteration, with the help of two instructions for special data reuses in the loop-carried dependences. The experimental results show that the number of memory accesses reaches on average 3% of an RISC processor simulator with no memory optimization. In a practical Image matching application, LEAP architecture achieves about 34 times of speedup in execution cycles, compared with general-purpose processors.

  17. A reconfigurable image tube using an external electronic image readout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lapington, J. S.; Howorth, J. R.; Milnes, J. S.

    2005-08-01

    We have designed and built a sealed tube microchannel plate (MCP) intensifier for optical/NUV photon counting applications suitable for 18, 25 and 40 mm diameter formats. The intensifier uses an electronic image readout to provide direct conversion of event position into electronic signals, without the drawbacks associated with phosphor screens and subsequent optical detection. The Image Charge technique is used to remove the readout from the intensifier vacuum enclosure, obviating the requirement for additional electrical vacuum feedthroughs and for the readout pattern to be UHV compatible. The charge signal from an MCP intensifier is capacitively coupled via a thin dielectric vacuum window to the electronic image readout, which is external to the sealed intensifier tube. The readout pattern is a separate item held in proximity to the dielectric window and can be easily detached, making the system easily reconfigurable. Since the readout pattern detects induced charge and is external to the tube, it can be constructed as a multilayer, eliminating the requirement for narrow insulator gaps and allowing it to be constructed using standard PCB manufacturing tolerances. We describe two readout patterns, the tetra wedge anode (TWA), an optimized 4 electrode device similar to the wedge and strip anode (WSA) but with a factor 2 improvement in resolution, and an 8 channel high speed 50 ohm device, both manufactured as multilayer PCBs. We present results of the detector imaging performance, image resolution, linearity and stability, and discuss the development of an integrated readout and electronics device based on these designs.

  18. Rapidly Reconfigurable All-Optical Universal Logic Gates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goddard, L L; Kallman, J S; Bond, T C

    2006-06-21

    We present designs and simulations for a highly cascadable, rapidly reconfigurable, all-optical, universal logic gate. We will discuss the gate's expected performance, e.g. speed, fanout, and contrast ratio, as a function of the device layout and biasing conditions. The gate is a three terminal on-chip device that consists of: (1) the input optical port, (2) the gate selection port, and (3) the output optical port. The device can be built monolithically using a standard multiple quantum well graded index separate confinement heterostructure laser configuration. The gate can be rapidly and repeatedly reprogrammed to perform any of the basic digital logic operations by using an appropriate analog electrical or optical signal at the gate selection port. Specifically, the same gate can be selected to execute one of the 2 basic unary operations (NOT or COPY), or one of the 6 binary operations (OR, XOR, AND, NOR, XNOR, or NAND), or one of the many logic operations involving more than two inputs. The speed of the gate for logic operations as well as for reprogramming the function of the gate is primarily limited to the small signal modulation speed of a laser, which can be on the order of tens of GHz. The reprogrammable nature of the universal gate offers maximum flexibility and interchangeability for the end user since the entire application of a photonic integrated circuit built from cascaded universal logic gates can be changed simply by adjusting the gate selection port signals.

  19. Design and implementation of a wireless (Bluetooth) four channel bio-instrumentation amplifier and digital data acquisition device with user-selectable gain, frequency, and driven reference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cosmanescu, Alin; Miller, Benjamin; Magno, Terence; Ahmed, Assad; Kremenic, Ian

    2006-01-01

    A portable, multi-purpose Bio-instrumentation Amplifier and Data AcQuisition device (BADAQ) capable of measuring and transmitting EMG and EKG signals wirelessly via Bluetooth is designed and implemented. Common topologies for instrumentation amplifiers and filters are used and realized with commercially available, low-voltage, high precision operational amplifiers. An 8-bit PIC microcontroller performs 10-bit analog-to-digital conversion of the amplified and filtered signals and controls a Bluetooth transceiver capable of wirelessly transmitting the data to any Bluetooth enabled device. Electrical isolation between patient/subject, circuitry, and ancillary equipment is achieved by optocoupling components. The design focuses on simplicity, portability, and affordability.

  20. Worm-hole run-time reconfigurable processor field programmable gate array (FPGA)

    OpenAIRE

    1996-01-01

    Higher performance is gained through a new architecture which implements a new method of computational resource allocation, utilization and programming based on the concept of Worm-hole Run-Time Reconfiguration (RTR). A stream-driven Worm-hole RTR methodology extends contemporary data-flow paradigms to utilize the dynamic creation of operators and pathways, based upon stream processing in which parcels of data move through custom created pathways and interact with other parcels to achieve the...

  1. Anti-Tamper Method for Field Programmable Gate Arrays Through Dynamic Reconfiguration and Decoy Circuits

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-27

    Reconfigurable FPGAs”. IEICE Trans. Fundam. Electron . Commun. Comput. Sci., E89-A(12):3416–3426, 2006. ISSN 0916-8508. 42. Tseng, C. “Lock Your Designs...Implementation of the Advanced Encryption Standard”. IEEE Transactions on Computers, 52(4):493–505, April 2003. URL http://euler.ecs.umass.edu/research...Bushnell, Vishwani D. Agrawal. Essentials of Electronic Testing for Digital Memory & Mixed-Signal VLSI Circuits. Springer, 2000. ISBN 0-7923- 7991-8. 35

  2. University Restructuring and the Reconfiguration of Faculty Members' Work Context in a Public State University in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montero-Hernandez, Virginia; Levin, John S.

    2013-01-01

    This study describes the effects of neo-liberal restructuring for universities upon the reconfiguration of academics' work context in a public state university in Mexico. Findings show that implementation of the federal program titled Faculty Enhancement Program during the late 1990s created a separation between traditional and new academic…

  3. 3D Reconfigurable NoC Multiprocessor Portable Sounder for Plasmaspheric Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dekoulis, George

    2016-07-01

    The paper describes the development of a prototype imaging sounder for studying the irregularities of the ionospheric plasma. Cutting edge three-dimensional reconfigurable logic has been implemented allowing highly-intensive scientific calculations to be performed in hardware. The new parallel processing algorithms implemented offer a significant amount of performance improvement in the range of 80% compared to existing digital sounder implementations. The current system configuration is taking into consideration the modern scientific needs for portability during scientific campaigns. The prototype acts as a digital signal processing experimentation platform for future larger-scale digital sounder instrumentations for measuring complex planetary plasmaspheric environments.

  4. A Reconfigurable Hybrid Architecture for HomePNA3.1/ Ethernet MAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Khalily Dermany

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available With the growing demands of home networking, the existing networking technologies are not able to satisfy user expectations any more. HomePNA (Home Phoneline Networking Alliance is a solution for having high bandwidth without new cabling.In this paper, we propose a new reconfigurable hybrid architecture for HomePNA3.0. We implement the architecture in behavioural level using VHDL language. Our implementation was able to have HomePNA3.1 and Ethernet MACs together. The system synthesis show that our implementation decrease number of logical element by 32%.

  5. Research on reconfigurable collaborative remote diagnosis system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuan Chuming; Chen Youping; Zhang Guohui; Zhou Zude

    2006-01-01

    The function-layer model and working model of collaborative remote fault diagnosis system (FDS),which includes three layers: task layer, collaboration layer and diagnosing layer, are proposed. The running mechanism of the system is discussed. A collaborative FDS may consist of several subsystems running at different places and the subsystem consists of several function modules. A structure centered on data-bus is adopted in subsystem. All the function modules in subsystem are encapsulated into software intelligent chips (SICs) and SIC can but connect with data-bus. So, it is feasible to reuse these diagnosis function modules and the structure of subsystem in different diagnosis applications. With the reconfigurable SICs, several different function modules can reconstruct quickly some different diagnosis subsystems in different combinations, and some subsystems can also reconfigure a specified collaborative FDS.

  6. Reconfigurable, Cognitive Software-Defined Radio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhat, Arvind

    2015-01-01

    Software-defined radio (SDR) technology allows radios to be reconfigured to perform different communication functions without using multiple radios to accomplish each task. Intelligent Automation, Inc., has developed SDR platforms that switch adaptively between different operation modes. The innovation works by modifying both transmit waveforms and receiver signal processing tasks. In Phase I of the project, the company developed SDR cognitive capabilities, including adaptive modulation and coding (AMC), automatic modulation recognition (AMR), and spectrum sensing. In Phase II, these capabilities were integrated into SDR platforms. The reconfigurable transceiver design employs high-speed field-programmable gate arrays, enabling multimode operation and scalable architecture. Designs are based on commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components and are modular in nature, making it easier to upgrade individual components rather than redesigning the entire SDR platform as technology advances.

  7. Reconfigurable nonreciprocity with nonlinear Fano diode

    OpenAIRE

    Xu, Yi; Miroshnichenko, Andrey E.

    2013-01-01

    We propose a dynamically tunable nonreciprocal response for wave propagations by employing nonlinear Fano resonances. We demonstrate that transmission contrast of waves propagation in opposite directions can be controlled by excitation signal. In particular, the unidirectional transmission can be flipped at different times of a pulse, resembling a diode operation with {\\em dynamical reconfigurable nonreciprocity}. The key mechanism is the interaction between the linear and nonlinear Fano reso...

  8. Control model for reconfigurable assembly systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Jianfeng; Yin Yuehong; Chen Zhaoneng

    2005-01-01

    This paper proposes knowledge based object-oriented timed colored Petri net, a modeling method for reconfigurable assembly systems. Combining knowledge and object-oriented method into timed colored Petri net, a comprehensive and powerful representation model for control of RAS is obtained. With object-oriented method the whole system can be decomposed into concrete objects explicitly, and their relationships are constructed according to the system assembly requirements. Finally, a simple assembly system modeled by the KTCOPN is presented.

  9. Microelectromechanical Systems Actuator Based Reconfigurable Printed Antenna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simons, Rainee N. (Inventor)

    2005-01-01

    A polarization reconfigurable patch antenna is disclosed. The antenna includes a feed element, a patch antenna element electrically connected to the feed element, and at least one microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) actuator, with a partial connection to the patch antenna element along an edge of the patch antenna element. The polarization of the antenna can be switched between circular polarization and linear polarization through action of the at least one MEMS actuator.

  10. Rational design of reconfigurable prismatic architected materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overvelde, Johannes T. B.; Weaver, James C.; Hoberman, Chuck; Bertoldi, Katia

    2017-01-01

    Advances in fabrication technologies are enabling the production of architected materials with unprecedented properties. Most such materials are characterized by a fixed geometry, but in the design of some materials it is possible to incorporate internal mechanisms capable of reconfiguring their spatial architecture, and in this way to enable tunable functionality. Inspired by the structural diversity and foldability of the prismatic geometries that can be constructed using the snapology origami technique, here we introduce a robust design strategy based on space-filling tessellations of polyhedra to create three-dimensional reconfigurable materials comprising a periodic assembly of rigid plates and elastic hinges. Guided by numerical analysis and physical prototypes, we systematically explore the mobility of the designed structures and identify a wide range of qualitatively different deformations and internal rearrangements. Given that the underlying principles are scale-independent, our strategy can be applied to the design of the next generation of reconfigurable structures and materials, ranging from metre-scale transformable architectures to nanometre-scale tunable photonic systems.

  11. Underactuated spacecraft formation reconfiguration with collision avoidance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Xu; Yan, Ye; Zhou, Yang

    2017-02-01

    Underactuated collision-free controllers are proposed in this paper for multiple spacecraft formation reconfiguration in circular orbits with the loss of either the radial or in-track thrust. A nonlinear dynamical model of underactuated formation flying is introduced, which is then linearized about circular orbits for controllability and feasibility analyses on underactuated formation reconfiguration. By using the inherent dynamics coupling of system states, reduced-order sliding mode controllers are then designed for either case to indirectly stabilize the system trajectories to the desired formations. In consideration of the collision-avoidance requirement, the artificial potential function method is then employed to design novel underactuated collision-avoidance maneuvers. Rigorous proof substantiates the capabilities of such maneuvers in preventing collisions even in the absence of radial or in-track thrust. Furthermore, a Lyapunov-based analysis ensures the asymptotic stability of the overall closed-loop system. Numerical simulations are performed in a J2-perturbed environment to verify the validity of the proposed underactuated control schemes for collision-free reconfiguration.

  12. Rational design of reconfigurable prismatic architected materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overvelde, Johannes T B; Weaver, James C; Hoberman, Chuck; Bertoldi, Katia

    2017-01-18

    Advances in fabrication technologies are enabling the production of architected materials with unprecedented properties. Most such materials are characterized by a fixed geometry, but in the design of some materials it is possible to incorporate internal mechanisms capable of reconfiguring their spatial architecture, and in this way to enable tunable functionality. Inspired by the structural diversity and foldability of the prismatic geometries that can be constructed using the snapology origami technique, here we introduce a robust design strategy based on space-filling tessellations of polyhedra to create three-dimensional reconfigurable materials comprising a periodic assembly of rigid plates and elastic hinges. Guided by numerical analysis and physical prototypes, we systematically explore the mobility of the designed structures and identify a wide range of qualitatively different deformations and internal rearrangements. Given that the underlying principles are scale-independent, our strategy can be applied to the design of the next generation of reconfigurable structures and materials, ranging from metre-scale transformable architectures to nanometre-scale tunable photonic systems.

  13. Analysis of Reconfigurable Processors Using Petri Net

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadis Heidari

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we propose Petri net models for processing elements. The processing elements include: a general-purpose processor (GPP, a reconfigurable element (RE, and a hybrid element (combining a GPP with an RE. The models consist of many transitions and places. The model and associated analysis methods provide a promising tool for modeling and performance evaluation of reconfigurable processors. The model is demonstrated by considering a simple example. This paper describes the development of a reconfigurable processor; the developed system is based on the Petri net concept. Petri nets are becoming suitable as a formal model for hardware system design. Designers can use Petri net as a modeling language to perform high level analysis of complex processors designs processing chips. The simulation does with PIPEv4.1 simulator. The simulation results show that Petri net state spaces are bounded and safe and have not deadlock and the average of number tokens in first token is 0.9901 seconds. In these models, there are only 5% errors; also the analysis time in these models is 0.016 seconds.

  14. The Mercy unique device identifier demonstration project: Implementing point of use product identification in the cardiac catheterization laboratories of a regional health system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drozda, Joseph P; Dudley, Curtis; Helmering, Paul; Roach, James; Hutchison, Lisa

    2016-06-01

    Mercy, a 4 state health system, conducted an FDA-sponsored demonstration whereby prototype unique device identifiers (UDIs) of coronary stents were implemented in its electronic information systems for safety surveillance and research. To accomplish this, a multi-disciplinary team implemented a point of use barcode scanning inventory management system in all 5 Mercy cardiac catheterization laboratories. The system's potential for improving inventory management and tracking Cath Lab supplies was felt to be sufficiently compelling for system deployment outside of the context of the demonstration. Further, it was felt to be useful for all Cath Lab renewable supplies and not just coronary stents. Benefits included preventing procedure delays, lowering costs, and increasing revenue. Finally, the system is extensible to all implanted medical devices and generalizable to most hospitals. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Reconfigurable Networks-on-Chip

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Sao-Jie; Tsai, Wen-Chung; Hu, Yu-Hen

    2012-01-01

    This book provides a comprehensive survey of recent progress in the design and implementation of Networks-on-Chip. It addresses a wide spectrum of on-chip communication problems, ranging from physical, network, to application layers. Specific topics that are explored in detail include packet routing, resource arbitration, error control/correction, application mapping, and communication scheduling. Additionally, a novel bi-directional communication channel NoC (BiNoC) architecture is described, with detailed explanation.   Written for practicing engineers in need of practical knowledge about the design and implementation of networks-on-chip; Includes tutorial-like details to introduce readers to a diverse range of NoC designs, as well as in-depth analysis for designers with NoC experience to explore advanced issues; Describes a variety of on-chip communication architectures, including a novel bi-directional communication channel NoC.     From the Foreword: Overall this book shows important advances over the...

  16. Configuration information acquisition and matching in self-reconfiguring process of modular self-reconfigurable robots

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ren Zongwei; Zang Xizhe; Zhu Yanhe; Zhang Yuhua; Zhao Jie

    2008-01-01

    Configuration information acquisition and matching are two important steps in the self-reconfiguring process of self-reconfigurable robots. The process of configuration information acquisition was introduced, and a self-reconfiguring configuration matching strategy based on graded optimization mechanism was proposed. The first-grade optimization was to search common connection between matching scheme and goal configuration. The second-grade optimization, whose object function was constructed in terms of configuration connectivity, was to search common topology according to the results of the first-grade optimization. The entire process of configuration information acquisition and matching was verified by an experiment and genetic algorithm (GA). The result shows the accuracy of the configuration information acquisition and the effectiveness of the configuration matching method.

  17. Reconfigurable designs for electromagnetically induced transparency in solid state plasma metamaterials with multiple transmission windows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, Xiang-Kun; Mo, Jin-Jun; Yu, Zhi-Yang; Shi, Wei; Li, Hai-Ming; Bian, Bo-Rui

    2016-05-01

    A reconfigurable metamaterial analog electromagnetically-induced-transparency-like (EIT-like) effect is theoretically and numerically demonstrated in this paper. The unit cell is composed of a stimulated circular loop element and an unstimulated arc slot element, which are both constructed by semiconductor. The interaction between the two elements of the unit cell leads to a transparency window, resembling a special quantum optical phenomenon as electromagnetic (EM) induced transparency. The proposed designs can realize a continuously tunable EIT-like effect in a broad frequency range from 2.2 GHz to 3.6 GHz by changing the arc slot angle, while the number of EIT-like transmission windows can be configured by increasing the number of arc slots. This scheme which is constructed by solid state plasma (SSP) metamaterial provides an alternative way to realize the tunable plasmonic sensing and make new kinds of reconfigurable devices.

  18. On fast iterative mapping algorithms for stripe based coarse-grained reconfigurable architectures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehta, Gayatri; Patel, Krunalkumar; Pollard, Nancy S.

    2015-01-01

    Reconfigurable devices have potential for great flexibility/efficiency, but mapping algorithms onto these architectures is a long-standing challenge. This paper addresses this challenge for stripe based coarse-grained reconfigurable architectures (CGRAs) by drawing on insights from graph drawing. We adapt fast, iterative algorithms from hierarchical graph drawing to the problem of mapping to stripe based architectures. We find that global sifting is 98 times as fast as simulated annealing and produces very compact designs with 17% less area on average, at a cost of 5% greater wire length. Interleaving iterations of Sugiyama and global sifting is 40 times as fast as simulated annealing and achieves somewhat more compact designs with 1.8% less area on average, at a cost of only 1% greater wire length. These solutions can enable fast design space exploration, rapid performance testing, and flexible programming of CGRAs "in the field."

  19. A Novel Class of Reconfigurable Spherical Fermat Spiral Multi-port Antennas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caratelli, D.; Yarovoy, A.; Haider, N.

    Reconfigurability in antenna systems is a desired characteristic that has attracted attention in the past years. In this work, a novel class of spherical Fermat spiral multi-port antennas for next-generation wireless communications and radar applications is presented. The device modelling is carried out by using a computationally enhanced locally conformal finite-difference time-domain full-wave procedure. In this way, the circuital characteristics and radiation properties of the antennas are investigated accurately. The structure reconfigurability, in terms of frequency of operation and radiation efficiency, is technically performed by a suitable solid-state tuning circuitry adopted to properly change the feeding/loading conditions at the input ports of the antenna.

  20. Distributed Reconfigurable Intelligent Multifunctional Autonomous Robust Sensor Systems Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Distributed Reconfigurable Intelligent software agent technologies are key and revolutionary technologies that are needed to fulfill spacecraft autonomy and...

  1. Automatic Distribution Network Reconfiguration: An Event-Driven Approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ding, Fei; Jiang, Huaiguang; Tan, Jin

    2016-11-14

    This paper proposes an event-driven approach for reconfiguring distribution systems automatically. Specifically, an optimal synchrophasor sensor placement (OSSP) is used to reduce the number of synchrophasor sensors while keeping the whole system observable. Then, a wavelet-based event detection and location approach is used to detect and locate the event, which performs as a trigger for network reconfiguration. With the detected information, the system is then reconfigured using the hierarchical decentralized approach to seek for the new optimal topology. In this manner, whenever an event happens the distribution network can be reconfigured automatically based on the real-time information that is observable and detectable.

  2. Trustworthy reconfigurable systems enhancing the security capabilities of reconfigurable hardware architectures

    CERN Document Server

    Feller, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    ?Thomas Feller sheds some light on trust anchor architectures fortrustworthy reconfigurable systems. He is presenting novel concepts enhancing the security capabilities of reconfigurable hardware.Almost invisible to the user, many computer systems are embedded into everyday artifacts, such as cars, ATMs, and pacemakers. The significant growth of this market segment within the recent years enforced a rethinking with respect to the security properties and the trustworthiness of these systems. The trustworthiness of a system in general equates to the integrity of its system components. Hardware-b

  3. IEC 62304在医疗设备软件开发过程中的实施%Implementation of IEC 62304 in Medical Device Software Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文银刚

    2011-01-01

    从2009年开始,在医疗设备CE认证过程中要求强制实施IEC 62304-2006标准.要实施这个新标准是有一定难度的.本文就IEC 62304-2006标准在我单位的实施过程进行了比较详细的描述,以期对同行有所帮助.%It is required that IEC 62304?006 Standard must be implemented during medical device certification since 2009. The implementation of the new standard is difficult. This paper describes the process of implementing IEC 62304?006 in our center.

  4. Glenn Reconfigurable User-interface and Virtual reality Exploration (GURVE) Laboratory

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The GRUVE (Glenn Reconfigurable User-interface and Virtual reality Exploration) Lab is a reconfigurable, large screen display facility at Nasa Glenn Research Center....

  5. Efficient Algorithm for Locating and Sizing Series Compensation Devices in Large Transmission Grids: Model Implementation (PART 1)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frolov, Vladimir [Moscow Inst. of Physics and Technology (MIPT), Moscow (Russian Federation); Backhaus, Scott N. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2014-01-14

    We explore optimization methods for planning the placement, sizing and operations of Flexible Alternating Current Transmission System (FACTS) devices installed to relieve transmission grid congestion. We limit our selection of FACTS devices to Series Compensation (SC) devices that can be represented by modification of the inductance of transmission lines. Our master optimization problem minimizes the l1 norm of the inductance modification subject to the usual line thermal-limit constraints. We develop heuristics that reduce this non-convex optimization to a succession of Linear Programs (LP) which are accelerated further using cutting plane methods. The algorithm solves an instance of the MatPower Polish Grid model (3299 lines and 2746 nodes) in 40 seconds per iteration on a standard laptop—a speed up that allows the sizing and placement of a family of SC devices to correct a large set of anticipated congestions. We observe that our algorithm finds feasible solutions that are always sparse, i.e., SC devices are placed on only a few lines. In a companion manuscript, we demonstrate our approach on realistically-sized networks that suffer congestion from a range of causes including generator retirement. In this manuscript, we focus on the development of our approach, investigate its structure on a small test system subject to congestion from uniform load growth, and demonstrate computational efficiency on a realistically-sized network.

  6. Efficient algorithm for locating and sizing series compensation devices in large power transmission grids: I. Model implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frolov, Vladimir; Backhaus, Scott; Chertkov, Misha

    2014-10-01

    We explore optimization methods for planning the placement, sizing and operations of flexible alternating current transmission system (FACTS) devices installed to relieve transmission grid congestion. We limit our selection of FACTS devices to series compensation (SC) devices that can be represented by modification of the inductance of transmission lines. Our master optimization problem minimizes the l1 norm of the inductance modification subject to the usual line thermal-limit constraints. We develop heuristics that reduce this non-convex optimization to a succession of linear programs (LP) that are accelerated further using cutting plane methods. The algorithm solves an instance of the MatPower Polish Grid model (3299 lines and 2746 nodes) in 40 seconds per iteration on a standard laptop—a speed that allows the sizing and placement of a family of SC devices to correct a large set of anticipated congestions. We observe that our algorithm finds feasible solutions that are always sparse, i.e., SC devices are placed on only a few lines. In a companion manuscript, we demonstrate our approach on realistically sized networks that suffer congestion from a range of causes, including generator retirement. In this manuscript, we focus on the development of our approach, investigate its structure on a small test system subject to congestion from uniform load growth, and demonstrate computational efficiency on a realistically sized network.

  7. Autonomous Control Reconfiguration of Aerospace Vehicle Based on Control Effectiveness Estimation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Future aerospace vehicles (ASV) are designed to fly in both inner and extra atrmospheric fields, which requires autonomous adaptability to the uncertainties emanated from abrupt faults and continuously time-varying environments. An autonomous control reconfiguration scheme is presented for ASV to deal with the uncertainties on the base of control effectiveness estimation. The on-line estimation methods for the time-varying control effectiveness of linear control system are investigated. Some sufficient conditions for the estimable system are given for different cases. There are proposed corresponding on-line estimation algorithms which are proved to be convergent and robust to noise using the least-square-based methods. On the ground of fuzzy logic and linear programming, the control allocation algorithms, which are able to implement the autonomous control reconfiguration through the redundant actuators, are put forward. Finally, an integrated system is developed to verify the scheme and algorithms by way of numerical simulation and analysis.

  8. 5th International Conference on Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual Production

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    The changing manufacturing environment requires more responsive and adaptable manufacturing systems. The theme of the 5th International Conference on Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual production (CARV2013) is "Enabling Manufacturing Competitiveness and Economic Sustainability. Leading edge research and best implementation practices and experiences, which address these important issues and challenges, are presented. The proceedings include advances in manufacturing systems design, planning, evaluation, control and evolving paradigms such as mass customization, personalization, changeability, re-configurability and flexibility. New and important concepts such as the dynamic product families and platforms, co-evolution of products and systems, and methods for enhancing manufacturing systems' economic sustainability and prolonging their life to produce more than one product generation are treated. Enablers of change in manufacturing systems, production volume and capability, scalability and managing t...

  9. Two Reconfigurable Flight-Control Design Methods: Robust Servomechanism and Control Allocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burken, John J.; Lu, Ping; Wu, Zheng-Lu; Bahm, Cathy

    2001-01-01

    Two methods for control system reconfiguration have been investigated. The first method is a robust servomechanism control approach (optimal tracking problem) that is a generalization of the classical proportional-plus-integral control to multiple input-multiple output systems. The second method is a control-allocation approach based on a quadratic programming formulation. A globally convergent fixed-point iteration algorithm has been developed to make onboard implementation of this method feasible. These methods have been applied to reconfigurable entry flight control design for the X-33 vehicle. Examples presented demonstrate simultaneous tracking of angle-of-attack and roll angle commands during failures of the fight body flap actuator. Although simulations demonstrate success of the first method in most cases, the control-allocation method appears to provide uniformly better performance in all cases.

  10. Multisensor Fault Identification Scheme Based on Decentralized Sliding Mode Observers Applied to Reconfigurable Manipulators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Zhao

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper concerns with a fault identification scheme in a class of nonlinear interconnected systems. The decentralized sliding mode observer is recruited for the investigation of position sensor fault or velocity sensor fault. First, a decentralized neural network controller is proposed for the system under fault-free state. The diffeomorphism theory is utilized to construct a nonlinear transformation for subsystem structure. A simple filter is implemented to convert the sensor fault into pseudo-actuator fault scenario. The decentralized sliding mode observer is then presented for multisensor fault identification of reconfigurable manipulators based on Lyapunov stable theory. Finally, two 2-DOF reconfigurable manipulators with different configurations are employed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed scheme in numerical simulation. The results demonstrate that one joint’s fault does not affect other joints and the sensor fault can be identified precisely by the proposed decentralized sliding mode observer.

  11. A rule based comprehensive approach for reconfiguration of electrical distribution network

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhu, Jizhong [College of Electrical Engineering, Chongqing University (China)]|[AREVA T and D Inc., 10865 Willows Road NE, Redmond, WA 98052 (United States); Xiong, Xiaofu; Zhang, Jun [College of Electrical Engineering, Chongqing University (China); Shen, Guanquan; Xu, Qiuping; Xue, Yi [Guiyang South Power Supply Bureau, China Southern Power Grid (China)

    2009-02-15

    This paper proposes a rule based comprehensive approach to study distribution network reconfiguration (DNRC). The DNRC model with line power constraints is set up, in which the objective is to minimize the system power loss. In order to get the precise branch current and system power loss, a power summation based radiation distribution network load flow (PSRDNLF) method is applied in the study. The rules that are used to select the optimal reconfiguration of distribution network are formed based on the system operation experiences. The proposed rule based comprehensive approach is implemented in distribution network in Guiyang South Power Supply Bureau. For the purpose of illustrating the proposed approach, two distribution network systems are tested and analyzed in the paper. (author)

  12. Providing Memory Management Abstraction for Self-Reconfigurable Video Processing Platforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurt Franz Ackermann

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a concept for an SDRAM controller targeting video processing platforms with dynamically reconfigurable processing units (RPUs. A priority-arbitration algorithm provides the required QoS and supports high bit-rate data streaming of multiple clients. Conforming to common video data structures the controller organizes the memory in partitions, frames, lines, and pixels. The raised level of abstraction drastically reduces the complexity of clients' addressing logic. Its uniform interface structure facilitates instantiations in systems with various clients. In addition to SDRAM controllers for regular applications, special demands of reconfigurable platforms have to be satisfied. The aim of this work is to minimize the number of required bus macros leading to relaxed place and route constraints and reducing the number of critical design paths. A suitable interface protocol is presented, and fundamental implementation issues are outlined.

  13. Multiband frequency-reconfigurable antenna using metamaterial structure of electromagnetic band gap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewan, Raimi; Rahim, M. K. A.; Himdi, Mohamed; Hamid, M. R.; Majid, H. A.; Jalil, M. E.

    2017-01-01

    A metamaterial of electromagnetic band gap (EBG) is incorporated to an antenna for frequency reconfigurability is proposed. The EBG consists of two identical unit cells that provide multiple band gaps at 1.88-1.94, 2.25-2.44, 2.67-2.94, 3.52-3.54, and 5.04-5.70 GHz with different EBG configurations. Subsequently, the antenna is incorporated with EBG. The corresponding incorporated structure successfully achieves various reconfigurable frequencies at 1.60, 1.91, 2.41, 3.26, 2.87, 5.21, and 5.54 GHz. The antenna has the potential to be implemented for Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, WiMAX, LTE, and cognitive radio applications.

  14. Implementing a hardware-friendly wavelet entropy codec for scalable video

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eeckhaut, Hendrik; Christiaens, Mark; Devos, Harald; Stroobandt, Dirk

    2005-11-01

    In the RESUME project (Reconfigurable Embedded Systems for Use in Multimedia Environments) we explore the benefits of an implementation of scalable multimedia applications using reconfigurable hardware by building an FPGA implementation of a scalable wavelet-based video decoder. The term "scalable" refers to a design that can easily accommodate changes in quality of service with minimal computational overhead. This is important for portable devices that have different Quality of Service (QoS) requirements and have varying power restrictions. The scalable video decoder consists of three major blocks: a Wavelet Entropy Decoder (WED), an Inverse Discrete Wavelet Transformer (IDWT) and a Motion Compensator (MC). The WED decodes entropy encoded parts of the video stream into wavelet transformed frames. These frames are decoded bitlayer per bitlayer. The more bitlayers are decoded the higher the image quality (scalability in image quality). Resolution scalability is obtained as an inherent property of the IDWT. Finally framerate scalability is achieved through hierarchical motion compensation. In this article we present the results of our investigation into the hardware implementation of such a scalable video codec. In particular we found that the implementation of the entropy codec is a significant bottleneck. We present an alternative, hardware-friendly algorithm for entropy coding with excellent data locality (both temporal and spatial), streaming capabilities, a high degree of parallelism, a smaller memory footprint and state-of-the-art compression while maintaining all required scalability properties. These claims are supported by an effective hardware implementation on an FPGA.

  15. Photochromic molecular implementations of universal computation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaplin, Jack C; Krasnogor, Natalio; Russell, Noah A

    2014-12-01

    Unconventional computing is an area of research in which novel materials and paradigms are utilised to implement computation. Previously we have demonstrated how registers, logic gates and logic circuits can be implemented, unconventionally, with a biocompatible molecular switch, NitroBIPS, embedded in a polymer matrix. NitroBIPS and related molecules have been shown elsewhere to be capable of modifying many biological processes in a manner that is dependent on its molecular form. Thus, one possible application of this type of unconventional computing is to embed computational processes into biological systems. Here we expand on our earlier proof-of-principle work and demonstrate that universal computation can be implemented using NitroBIPS. We have previously shown that spatially localised computational elements, including registers and logic gates, can be produced. We explain how parallel registers can be implemented, then demonstrate an application of parallel registers in the form of Turing machine tapes, and demonstrate both parallel registers and logic circuits in the form of elementary cellular automata. The Turing machines and elementary cellular automata utilise the same samples and same hardware to implement their registers, logic gates and logic circuits; and both represent examples of universal computing paradigms. This shows that homogenous photochromic computational devices can be dynamically repurposed without invasive reconfiguration. The result represents an important, necessary step towards demonstrating the general feasibility of interfacial computation embedded in biological systems or other unconventional materials and environments.

  16. An Implementation of Document Image Reconstruction System on a Smart Device Using a 1D Histogram Calibration Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lifeng Zhang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the smart devices equipped with imaging functions are widely spreading for consumer application. It is very convenient for people to record information using these devices. For example, people can photo one page of a book in a library or they can capture an interesting piece of news on the bulletin board when walking on the street. But sometimes, one shot full area image cannot give a sufficient resolution for OCR soft or for human visual recognition. Therefore, people would prefer to take several partial character images of a readable size and then stitch them together in an efficient way. In this study, we propose a print document acquisition method using a device with a video camera. A one-dimensional histogram based self-calibration algorithm is developed for calibration. Because the calculation cost is low, it can be installed on a smartphone. The simulation result shows that the calibration and stitching are well performed.

  17. A Neuron Model for FPGA Spiking Neuronal Network Implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BONTEANU, G.

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available We propose a neuron model, able to reproduce the basic elements of the neuronal dynamics, optimized for digital implementation of Spiking Neural Networks. Its architecture is structured in two major blocks, a datapath and a control unit. The datapath consists of a membrane potential circuit, which emulates the neuronal dynamics at the soma level, and a synaptic circuit used to update the synaptic weight according to the spike timing dependent plasticity (STDP mechanism. The proposed model is implemented into a Cyclone II-Altera FPGA device. Our results indicate the neuron model can be used to build up 1K Spiking Neural Networks on reconfigurable logic suport, to explore various network topologies.

  18. First experiences with the implementation of the European standard EN 62304 on medical device software for the quality assurance of a radiotherapy unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Höss, Angelika; Lampe, Christian; Panse, Ralf; Ackermann, Benjamin; Naumann, Jakob; Jäkel, Oliver

    2014-03-21

    According to the latest amendment of the Medical Device Directive standalone software qualifies as a medical device when intended by the manufacturer to be used for medical purposes. In this context, the EN 62304 standard is applicable which defines the life-cycle requirements for the development and maintenance of medical device software. A pilot project was launched to acquire skills in implementing this standard in a hospital-based environment (in-house manufacture). The EN 62304 standard outlines minimum requirements for each stage of the software life-cycle, defines the activities and tasks to be performed and scales documentation and testing according to its criticality. The required processes were established for the pre-existent decision-support software FlashDumpComparator (FDC) used during the quality assurance of treatment-relevant beam parameters. As the EN 62304 standard implicates compliance with the EN ISO 14971 standard on the application of risk management to medical devices, a risk analysis was carried out to identify potential hazards and reduce the associated risks to acceptable levels. The EN 62304 standard is difficult to implement without proper tools, thus open-source software was selected and integrated into a dedicated development platform. The control measures yielded by the risk analysis were independently implemented and verified, and a script-based test automation was retrofitted to reduce the associated test effort. After all documents facilitating the traceability of the specified requirements to the corresponding tests and of the control measures to the proof of execution were generated, the FDC was released as an accessory to the HIT facility. The implementation of the EN 62304 standard was time-consuming, and a learning curve had to be overcome during the first iterations of the associated processes, but many process descriptions and all software tools can be re-utilized in follow-up projects. It has been demonstrated that a

  19. Reconfiguring Ethiopia: The Politics of Authoritarian Reform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    reconfigured Ethiopian society and state in the past two decades. Yet, as the contributors to this volume demonstrate, ‘democracy’ in Ethiopia has not changed the authority structures and the culture of centralist decision-making of the past. The political system is tightly engineered and controlled from top...... to bottom by the ruling Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). Navigating between its 1991 announcements to democratise the country and its aversion to power-sharing, the EPRDF has established a de facto one-party state that enjoys considerable international support. This ruling party...

  20. Architecturally Reconfigurable Development of Mobile Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Weishan

    2005-01-01

    Mobile game development must face the problem of multiple hardware and software platforms, which will bring large number of variants. To cut the development and maintenance efforts, in this paper, we present an architecturally reconfigurable software product line approach to develop mobile games....... Mobile game domain variants could be handled uniformly and traced across all kinds of software assets. The architecture and configuration mechanism in our approach make optimizations that built into meta-components propagated to all product line members. We show this approach with an industrial Role......-Playing-Game product line, which achieved not only development and maintenance gains, but also performance enhancements....

  1. RESEARCH ON FRAMEWORK OF RAPIDLY RECONFIGURABLE INFORMATION SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiXurong; DingQiulin; XuHuanliang

    2002-01-01

    Changes and reconfiguration of information systems(ISs)are two kernel concepts of rapidil reconfigurable in-formation system(RRIS).It is the abilitise to evolve with changes that make RRIS superior to the traditional ISs.Hierarchical architecture of RRIS is put forward.And then a component-based framework of RRIS is discussed including its building and designing in detail.

  2. The Assemble and Animate Control Framework for Modular Reconfigurable Robots

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, David Johan; Schultz, Ulrik Pagh; Moghadam, Mikael

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the “Assemble and Animate” (ASE) control framework. The objective of ASE is to provide a flexible and extendable control framework, which facilitates rapid development and deployment of modular reconfigurable robots. ASE includes a simple event-driven application framework...... for planetary contingency, adaptive locomotion, self-reconfiguration, and tangible behavior-based programming....

  3. Enabling Self-Organization in Embedded Systems with Reconfigurable Hardware

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christophe Bobda

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a methodology based on self-organization to manage resources in networked embedded systems based on reconfigurable hardware. Two points are detailed in this paper, the monitoring system used to analyse the system and the Local Marketplaces Global Symbiosis (LMGS concept defined for self-organization of dynamically reconfigurable nodes.

  4. Recent developments in reconfigurable and multiband antenna technology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haider, N.; Caratelli, D.; Yarovoy, A.G.

    2013-01-01

    A comparative analysis of various reconfigurable andmultiband antenna concepts is presented. In order to satisfy the requirements for the advanced systems used in modern wireless and radar applications, different multiband and reconfigurable antennas have been proposed and investigated in the past y

  5. Reconfigurable Array Antenna Using Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) Actuators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simons, Rainee N.; Chun, Donghoon; Katehi, Linda P. B.

    2001-01-01

    The paper demonstrates a patch antenna integrated with a novel microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) actuator for reconfiguring the operating frequency. Experimental results demonstrate that the center frequency can be reconfigured by as much as 1.6 percent of the nominal operating frequency at K-Band In addition, a novel on-wafer antenna pattern measurement technique is demonstrated.

  6. Implementation of a Peltier-based cooling device for localized deep cortical deactivation during in vivo object recognition testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marra, Kyle; Graham, Brett; Carouso, Samantha; Cox, David

    2012-02-01

    While the application of local cortical cooling has recently become a focus of neurological research, extended localized deactivation deep within brain structures is still unexplored. Using a wirelessly controlled thermoelectric (Peltier) device and water-based heat sink, we have achieved inactivating temperatures (8 mm) than previously reported. After implanting the device into Long Evans rats' basolateral amygdala (BLA), an inhibitory brain center that controls anxiety and fear, we ran an open field test during which anxiety-driven behavioral tendencies were observed to decrease during cooling, thus confirming the device's effect on behavior. Our device will next be implanted in the rats' temporal association cortex (TeA) and recordings from our signal-tracing multichannel microelectrodes will measure and compare activated and deactivated neuronal activity so as to isolate and study the TeA signals responsible for object recognition. Having already achieved a top performing computational face-recognition system, the lab will utilize this TeA activity data to generalize its computational efforts of face recognition to achieve general object recognition.

  7. Transforming Clinical Imaging and 3D Data for Virtual Reality Learning Objects: HTML5 and Mobile Devices Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trelease, Robert B.; Nieder, Gary L.

    2013-01-01

    Web deployable anatomical simulations or "virtual reality learning objects" can easily be produced with QuickTime VR software, but their use for online and mobile learning is being limited by the declining support for web browser plug-ins for personal computers and unavailability on popular mobile devices like Apple iPad and Android…

  8. Transforming Clinical Imaging and 3D Data for Virtual Reality Learning Objects: HTML5 and Mobile Devices Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trelease, Robert B.; Nieder, Gary L.

    2013-01-01

    Web deployable anatomical simulations or "virtual reality learning objects" can easily be produced with QuickTime VR software, but their use for online and mobile learning is being limited by the declining support for web browser plug-ins for personal computers and unavailability on popular mobile devices like Apple iPad and Android…

  9. Recent Developments of Reflectarray Antennas for Reconfigurable Beams Using Surface-Mounted RF-MEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Carrasco

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Some of the most recent developments in reconfigurable reflectarrays using surface-mounted RF-MEMS, which have been developed at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, are summarized in this paper. The results include reconfigurable elements based on patches aperture-coupled to delay lines in two configurations: single elements and gathered elements which form subarrays with common phase control. The former include traditional aperture-coupled elements and a novel wideband reflectarray element which has been designed using two stacked patches. The latter are proposed as a low cost solution for reducing the number of electronic control devices as well as the manufacturing complexity of large reflectarrays. The main advantages and drawbacks of the grouping are evaluated in both pencil and shaped-beam antennas. In all the cases, the effects of the MEMS switches and their assembly circuitry are evaluated when they are used in a 2-bit phase shifter which can be extended to more bits, demonstrating that the proposed elements can be used efficiently in reconfigurable-beam reflectarrays.

  10. Implementing Smart Factory of Industrie 4.0: An Outlook

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Wang, Shiyong; Wan, Jiafu; Li, Di; Zhang, Chunhua

    2016-01-01

    ..., the end-to-end integration of engineering value chain, and the vertical integration of factory inside. In this paper, we focus on the vertical integration to implement flexible and reconfigurable smart factory...

  11. Distinguishing Reconfiguration and Compound-cue Retrieval in Task Switching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gordon D Logan

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Many researchers claim that task switching requires reconfiguration of the cognitive system. Others claim that task switching involves cue-based memory retrieval processes and not reconfiguration. We evaluate these competing claims by developing both reconfiguration and cue-based memory models in a common theoretical framework and by fitting the models to' target functions', which show how performance on individual target stimuli varies depending on the task subjects perform on the targets. Our analyses show that the process of compound-cue retrieval – using the task cue and the target as joint retrieval cues to select a response from memory – is sufficient to explain target functions for parity and magnitude judgments of digits and that reconfiguration does not seem to add anything to the explanation. We address the generality of this conclusion and speculate about the conditions under which reconfiguration may be necessary for task switching.

  12. Efficient Minimum Spanning Tree Algorithms on the Reconfigurable Mesh

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万颖瑜; 许胤龙; 顾晓东; 陈国良

    2000-01-01

    he reconfigurable mesh consists of an array of processors interconnected by a reconfigurable bus system. The bus system can be used to dynamically obtain various interconnection patterns among the processors. Recently, this model has attracted a lot of attention. In this paper, two efficient algorithms are proposed for computing the minimum spanning tree of an n-vertex undirected graph. One runs on an n×n reconfigurable mesh with time complexity of O(log2 n). The other runs with time complexity of O(log n) on an n1+ε×n reconfigurable mesh, where 0 < e < I is a constant. All these improve the previously known results on the reconfigurable mesh.

  13. Application of Remote FPGA Dynamic Reconfiguration System in LED Lighting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Wei; WANG Wei; NIU Ping-juan; ZHANG li-ping

    2009-01-01

    The dynamic reconfiguration technique based on field-programmable gate array (FPGA) can improve the resource utilization.Discussed are the dynamic reconfiguration principles and methods.Proposed is a remote dynamic reconfiguration scheme using Xilinx Virtex-II FPGA and SMCS Ethernet Physical layer transceiver(PHY).The hardware of the system is designed with Xilinx Virtex-II XC2V30P FPGA that embedds MicroBlaze and MAC IP core,and its network communication software based on transmission control protocol/Internet protocol (TCP/IP) protocol is programmed by loading LwlP to MicroBlaze. The experimental results indicate that the remote FPGA dynamic reconfiguration system(RFDRS) can switch freely in the eight lighting modes of light emitting diodes (LED),and that,using dynamic reconfiguration technology,FPGA resource utilization can be reduced remarkably,which is advantageous in the system upgrade and software update.

  14. Lattice Automata for Control of Self-Reconfigurable Robots

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Støy, Kasper

    2015-01-01

    Self-reconfigurable robots are built from robotic modules typically organised in a lattice. The robotic modules themselves are complete, although simple, robots and have onboard batteries, actuators, sensors, processing power, and communication capabilities. The modules can automatically connect...... to and disconnect from neighbour modules and move around in the lattice of modules. The self-reconfigurable robot as a whole can, through this automatic rearrangement of modules, change its own shape to adapt to the environment or as a response to new tasks. Potential advantages of self-reconfigurable robots...... are extreme versatility and robustness. The organisation of self-reconfigurable robots in a lattice structure and the emphasis on local communication between modules mean that lattice automata are a useful basis for control of self-reconfigurable robots. However, there are significant differences which arise...

  15. Design and Implementation of Anemometer Testing Device%测风传感器测试仪的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建晓; 胡桐; 李春立; 王东明

    2015-01-01

    This article presents the design and implement procedure of Anemometer Testing Device which is based on low power chip AVR ATMEGA1280. Experiment results show that the Anemometer Testing Device improves the testing efficien-cy while decreases the testing cost.%文章介绍了用低功耗的8位AVR单片机ATMEGA1280设计测风传感器测试仪的思路和功能。经使用证明,测风传感器测试仪能提高传感器的测试效率和降低传感器检测成本,增加传感器测试的灵活性。

  16. Optimal reconfiguration of satellite constellations with the auction algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Weck, Olivier L.; Scialom, Uriel; Siddiqi, Afreen

    2008-01-01

    Traditionally, satellite constellation design has focused on optimizing global, zonal or regional coverage with a minimum number of satellites. In some instances, however, it is desirable to deploy a constellation in stages to gradually expand capacity. This requires launching additional satellites and reconfiguring the existing on-orbit satellites. Also, a constellation might be retasked and reconfigured after it is initially fielded for operational reasons. This paper presents a methodology for optimizing orbital reconfigurations of satellite constellations. The work focuses on technical aspects for transforming an initial constellation A into a new constellation, B, typically with a larger number of satellites. A general framework was developed to study the orbital reconfiguration problem. The framework was applied to low Earth orbit constellations of communication satellites. This paper specifically addresses the problem of determining the optimal assignment for transferring on-orbit satellites in constellation A to constellation B such that the total ΔV for the reconfiguration is minimized. It is shown that the auction algorithm, used for solving general network flow problems, can efficiently and reliably determine the optimum assignment of satellites of A to slots of B. Based on this methodology, reconfiguration maps can be created, which show the energy required for transforming one constellation into another as a function of type (Street-of-Coverage, Walker, Draim), altitude, ground elevation angle and fold of coverage. Suggested extensions of this work include quantification of the tradeoff between reconfiguration time and ΔV, multiple successive reconfigurations, balancing propellant consumption within the constellation during reconfiguration as well as using reconfigurability as an objective during initial constellation design.

  17. Implementation of continuous-variable quantum key distribution with composable and one-sided-device-independent security against coherent attacks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gehring, Tobias; Haendchen, Vitus; Duhme, Joerg

    2015-01-01

    Secret communication over public channels is one of the central pillars of a modern information society. Using quantum key distribution this is achieved without relying on the hardness of mathematical problems, which might be compromised by improved algorithms or by future quantum computers. State......-of-the-art quantum key distribution requires composable security against coherent attacks for a finite number of distributed quantum states as well as robustness against implementation side channels. Here we present an implementation of continuous-variable quantum key distribution satisfying these requirements. Our...... with conventional optical communication technology, our work is a step towards practical implementations of quantum key distribution with state-of-the-art security based solely on telecom components....

  18. Operating System for Runtime Reconfigurable Multiprocessor Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Göhringer

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Operating systems traditionally handle the task scheduling of one or more application instances on processor-like hardware architectures. RAMPSoC, a novel runtime adaptive multiprocessor System-on-Chip, exploits the dynamic reconfiguration on FPGAs to generate, start and terminate hardware and software tasks. The hardware tasks have to be transferred to the reconfigurable hardware via a configuration access port. The software tasks can be loaded into the local memory of the respective IP core either via the configuration access port or via the on-chip communication infrastructure (e.g. a Network-on-Chip. Recent-series of Xilinx FPGAs, such as Virtex-5, provide two Internal Configuration Access Ports, which cannot be accessed simultaneously. To prevent conflicts, the access to these ports as well as the hardware resource management needs to be controlled, e.g. by a special-purpose operating system running on an embedded processor. For that purpose and to handle the relations between temporally and spatially scheduled operations, the novel approach of an operating system is of high importance. This special purpose operating system, called CAP-OS (Configuration Access Port-Operating System, which will be presented in this paper, supports the clients using the configuration port with the services of priority-based access scheduling, hardware task mapping and resource management.

  19. Collaborative virtual experience based on reconfigurable simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahab, Qonita M.; Kwon, Yong-Moo; Ko, Heedong

    2006-10-01

    Virtual Reality simulation enables immersive 3D experience of a Virtual Environment. A simulation-based Virtual Environment can be used to map real world phenomena onto virtual experience. With a reconfigurable simulation, users can reconfigure the parameters of the involved objects, so that they can see different effects from the different configurations. This concept is suitable for a classroom learning of physics law. This research studies the Virtual Reality simulation of Newton's physics law on rigid body type of objects. With network support, collaborative interaction is enabled so that people from different places can interact with the same set of objects in immersive Collaborative Virtual Environment. The taxonomy of the interaction in different levels of collaboration is described as: distinct objects and same object, in which there are same object - sequentially, same object - concurrently - same attribute, and same object - concurrently - distinct attributes. The case studies are the interaction of users in two cases: destroying and creating a set of arranged rigid bodies. In Virtual Domino, users can observe physics law while applying force to the domino blocks in order to destroy the arrangements. In Virtual Dollhouse, users can observe physics law while constructing a dollhouse using existing building blocks, under gravity effects.

  20. Voltage-controlled nanoscale reconfigurable magnonic crystal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Qi; Chumak, Andrii V.; Jin, Lichuan; Zhang, Huaiwu; Hillebrands, Burkard; Zhong, Zhiyong

    2017-04-01

    A nanoscale reconfigurable magnonic crystal is designed using voltage-controlled perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) in ferromagnetic-dielectric heterostructures. A periodic array of gate metallic strips is placed on top of a MgO/Co structure in order to apply a periodic electric field and to modify the PMA in Co. It is numerically demonstrated that the introduction of PMA, which can be realized experimentally via applying a voltage, modifies the spin-wave propagation and leads to the formation of band gaps in the spin-wave spectrum. The band gaps can be controlled, i.e., it is possible to switch band gaps on and off within a few tens of nanoseconds. The width and the center frequency of the band gaps are defined by the applied voltage. Finally, it is shown that the introduction of PMA to selected, rather than to all gate strips allows for a predefined modification of the band-gap spectra. The proposed voltage-controlled reconfigurable magnonic crystal opens a way to low power consumption magnonic applications.