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Sample records for q-value

  1. Q value analysis of microwave photonic filters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lina ZHOU; Xinliang ZHANG; Enming XU

    2009-01-01

    This paper first presents the fundamental principles of the microwave photonic filters.As an example to explain how to implement a microwave photonic filter, a specific finite impulse response (FIR) filter is illustrated.Next, the Q value of the microwave photonic filters is analyzed theoretically, and methods around how to gain high Q value are discussed.Then,divided into FIR filter, first-order infinite impulse response (IIR) filter, and multi-order IIR filter, several novel microwave photonic filters with high Q value are listed and compared.The technical difficulties to get high Q value in first-order IIR filter and multi-order IIR filter are analyzed concretely.Finally, in order to gain higher Q value, a multi-order IIR microwave photonic filter that easily extends its order is presented and discussed.

  2. Optimal and approximate Q-value functions for decentralized POMDPs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.A. Oliehoek; M.T.J. Spaan; N. Vlassis

    2008-01-01

    Decision-theoretic planning is a popular approach to sequential decision making problems, because it treats uncertainty in sensing and acting in a principled way. In single-agent frameworks like MDPs and POMDPs, planning can be carried out by resorting to Q-value functions: an optimal Q-value functi

  3. Optimal and Approximate Q-value Functions for Decentralized POMDPs

    CERN Document Server

    Oliehoek, Frans A; Vlassis, Nikos; 10.1613/jair.2447

    2011-01-01

    Decision-theoretic planning is a popular approach to sequential decision making problems, because it treats uncertainty in sensing and acting in a principled way. In single-agent frameworks like MDPs and POMDPs, planning can be carried out by resorting to Q-value functions: an optimal Q-value function Q* is computed in a recursive manner by dynamic programming, and then an optimal policy is extracted from Q*. In this paper we study whether similar Q-value functions can be defined for decentralized POMDP models (Dec-POMDPs), and how policies can be extracted from such value functions. We define two forms of the optimal Q-value function for Dec-POMDPs: one that gives a normative description as the Q-value function of an optimal pure joint policy and another one that is sequentially rational and thus gives a recipe for computation. This computation, however, is infeasible for all but the smallest problems. Therefore, we analyze various approximate Q-value functions that allow for efficient computation. We descri...

  4. Ultra-low Q values for neutrino mass measurements

    CERN Document Server

    Kopp, Joachim

    2009-01-01

    We investigate weak nuclear decays with extremely small kinetic energy release (Q value) and thus extremely good sensitivity to the absolute neutrino mass scale. In particular, we consider decays into excited daughter states, and we show that partial ionization of the parent atom can help to tune Q values to << 1 keV. We discuss several candidate isotopes undergoing beta+, beta-, bound state beta, or electron capture decay, and come to the conclusion that a neutrino mass measurement using low-Q decays might only be feasible if no ionization is required, and if future improvements in isotope production technology, nuclear mass spectroscopy, and atomic structure calculations are possible. Experiments using ions, however, are extremely challenging due to the large number of ions that must be stored. New precision data on nuclear excitation levels could help to identify further isotopes with low-Q decay modes and possibly less challenging requirements.

  5. Energy-Dependent Fission Q Values Generalized for All Actinides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogt, R

    2008-09-25

    We generalize Madland's parameterization of the energy release in fission to obtain the dependence of the fission Q values on incident neutron energy, E{sub n}, for all major and minor actinides. These Q(E{sub n}) parameterizations are included in the ENDL2008 release. This paper describes calculations of energy-dependent fission Q values based on parameterizations of the prompt energy release in fission [1], developed by Madland [1] to describe the prompt energy release in neutron-induced fission of {sup 235}U, {sup 238}U, and {sup 239}Pu. The energy release is then related to the energy deposited during fission so that experimentally measurable quantities can be used to obtain the Q values. A discussion of these specific parameterizations and their implementation in the processing code for Monte Carlo neutron transport, MCFGEN, [2] is described in Ref. [3]. We extend this model to describe Q(E) for all actinides, major and minor, in the Evaluated Nuclear Data Library (ENDL) 2008 release, ENDL2008.

  6. Automatic Pole and Q-Value Extraction for RF Structures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    C. Potratz, H.-W. Glock, U. van Rienen, F. Marhauser

    2011-09-01

    The experimental characterization of RF structures like accelerating cavities often demands for measuring resonant frequencies of Eigenmodes and corresponding (loaded) Q-values over a wide spectral range. A common procedure to determine the Q-values is the -3dB method, which works well for isolated poles, but may not be applicable directly in case of multiple poles residing in close proximity (e.g. for adjacent transverse modes differing by polarization). Although alternative methods may be used in such cases, this often comes at the expense of inherent systematic errors. We have developed an automation algorithm, which not only speeds up the measurement time significantly, but is also able to extract Eigenfrequencies and Q-values both for well isolated and overlapping poles. At the same time the measurement accuracy may be improved as a major benefit. To utilize this procedure merely complex scattering parameters have to be recorded for the spectral range of interest. In this paper we present the proposed algorithm applied to experimental data recorded for superconducting higher-order-mode damped multi-cell cavities as an application of high importance.

  7. Generalized Energy-Dependent Q Values for Fission

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogt, R

    2010-03-31

    We extend Madland's parameterization of the energy release in fission to obtain the dependence of the fission Q value for major and minor actinides on the incident neutron energies in the range 0 {le} E{sub n} {le} 20 MeV. Our parameterization is based on the actinide evaluations recommended for the ENDF/B-VII.1 release. This paper describes the calculation of energydependent fission Q values based on the calculation of the prompt energy release in fission by Madland. This calculation was adopted for use in the LLNL ENDL database and then generalized to obtain the prompt fission energy release for all actinides. Here the calculation is further generalized to the total energy release in fission. There are several stages in a fission event, depending on the time scale. Neutrons and gammas may be emitted at any time during the fission event.While our discussion here is focussed on compound nucleus creation by an incident neutron, similar parameterizations could be obtained for incident gammas or spontaneous fission.

  8. Q-values of mirror transitions for fundamental interaction studies

    CERN Multimedia

    The $Ft$ values for the $0^{+} \\rightarrow 0^{+}$ superallowed $\\beta$-transitions currently provide the best test of the CVC hypothesis, and the most precise determination of the V$_{ud}$ element of the CKM matrix. Recent experimental advances, including direct mass measurements with Penning traps, have led to the precision in the corrected $Ft$ values being dominated by the theoretical corrections rather than experiment. An alternative route are the isospin $T$=1/2 mirror transitions where experimental uncertainties dominate over the theoretical inputs and which can provide an independent test of CVC, and ultimately an independent evaluation of V$_{ud}$. We propose mass measurements of 4 different mirror transitions aiming for a precision of better than 100eV on the ${Q}$-values.

  9. Q value structure of geoscience transect from Korla to Jimsar and its geodynamic implication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵俊猛; 樊吉昌; 李植纯

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, the methods for Q value inversion in 2-D lateral inhomogeneous medium have been introduced. The 2-D Q value inversion has been conducted using seismic wide-angle reflection/refraction data of the profile from Korla to Jimsar. The result shows that the 2-D Q value structure of the transect from Korla to Jimsar is characterized by vertical stratifying and lateral zoning. Vertically, the crust can be divided into upper crust, middle crust and lower crust with the Q value increasing downwards. Horizontally, the total transect can be classified as three regions--the northern margin of the Tarim Basin, the Tianshan orogenic belt (TOB) and the southern margin of the Junggar Basin. At the northern margin of the Tarim Basin the Q value increases northwards, indicating a northward subduction of the Tarim Basin (TB) into the TOB. The Q value within the TOB jumps near Kumux, making a stage-like difference in Q value. The Q value distribution at the southern margin of the JB suggests a southward subduction of the Junggar Basin (JB) into the TOB.The double subduction pattern of the TB and JB into the TOB revealed by the transect from Korla to Jimsar has a big difference from the model " lithospheric subduction with intrusion of the layers into the crust" developed according to the results of the geoscience transect from Xayar to Burjing. The differences between the two provide some dynamic evidence at lithospheric scale for the segmentation of the TOB.

  10. PS-wave Q estimation based on the P-wave Q values

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Y.; Lu, J.; Shi, Y.; Yang, C. [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China). Inst. of Geology & Geophysics

    2009-12-15

    Through assumption of the equivalent velocity and equivalent quality factor of the PS-wave, in visco-elastic media, PS-wave Q estimation can be realized with the P-wave quality factor and P- to S-wave velocity ratio. For sedimentary rock, which has strong agglutination, the internal friction is mainly contributed by the shear friction along crevices or inter-granular crevices, so that a relationship between PS-wave Q values and P-wave Q values can be built up even when the S-wave Q values are unknown. In the estimation of the PS-wave quality factor, the P- to S-wave velocity ratio can be computed based on two-way traveltimes of PP and PS events respectively, in order to avoid the influence of the inaccuracy of P- and S-wave velocities. The method is demonstrated with a zero-offset VSP data in a coal-mining field. The results of P-wave and PS-wave Q values estimated show a consistency with lithology revealed from drilling.

  11. Atomic mass and double-β-decay Q value of 48Ca

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redshaw, Matthew; Bollen, Georg; Brodeur, Maxime; Bustabad, Scott; Lincoln, David L.; Novario, Samuel J.; Ringle, Ryan; Schwarz, Stefan

    2012-10-01

    The possibility of detecting neutrinoless double-β-decay (0νββ-decay) in experiments that are currently in operation or under development provides the exciting opportunity to determine the Dirac or Majorana nature of the neutrino and its absolute mass scale. An important datum for interpreting 0νββ-decay experimental results is the Q value of the decay. Using Penning trap mass spectrometry we have measured the atomic mass of 48Ca to be M[48Ca] = 47.952 522 76(21) u which, combined with the mass of 48Ti evaluated by Audi [Nucl. Phys. ANUPABL0375-947410.1016/j.nuclphysa.2003.11.003 729, 337 (2003)], provides a new determination of the 48Ca ββ-decay Q value: Qββ = 4262.96(84) keV.

  12. Meta-metallic coils and resonators: Methods for high Q-value resonant geometries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mett, R. R. [Department of Biophysics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226 (United States); Department of Physics and Chemistry, Milwaukee School of Engineering, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53202 (United States); Sidabras, J. W.; Hyde, J. S. [Department of Biophysics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226 (United States)

    2016-08-15

    A novel method of decreasing ohmic losses and increasing Q-value in metallic resonators at high frequencies is presented. The method overcomes the skin-depth limitation of rf current flow cross section. The method uses layers of conductive foil of thickness less than a skin depth and capacitive gaps between layers. The capacitive gaps can substantially equalize the rf current flowing in each layer, resulting in a total cross-sectional dimension for rf current flow many times larger than a skin depth. Analytic theory and finite-element simulations indicate that, for a variety of structures, the Q-value enhancement over a single thick conductor approaches the ratio of total conductor thickness to skin depth if the total number of layers is greater than one-third the square of the ratio of total conductor thickness to skin depth. The layer number requirement is due to counter-currents in each foil layer caused by the surrounding rf magnetic fields. We call structures that exhibit this type of Q-enhancement “meta-metallic.” In addition, end effects due to rf magnetic fields wrapping around the ends of the foils can substantially reduce the Q-value for some classes of structures. Foil structures with Q-values that are substantially influenced by such end effects are discussed as are five classes of structures that are not. We focus particularly on 400 MHz, which is the resonant frequency of protons at 9.4 T. Simulations at 400 MHz are shown with comparison to measurements on fabricated structures. The methods and geometries described here are general for magnetic resonance and can be used at frequencies much higher than 400 MHz.

  13. Meta-metallic coils and resonators: Methods for high Q-value resonant geometries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mett, R. R.; Sidabras, J. W.; Hyde, J. S.

    2016-08-01

    A novel method of decreasing ohmic losses and increasing Q-value in metallic resonators at high frequencies is presented. The method overcomes the skin-depth limitation of rf current flow cross section. The method uses layers of conductive foil of thickness less than a skin depth and capacitive gaps between layers. The capacitive gaps can substantially equalize the rf current flowing in each layer, resulting in a total cross-sectional dimension for rf current flow many times larger than a skin depth. Analytic theory and finite-element simulations indicate that, for a variety of structures, the Q-value enhancement over a single thick conductor approaches the ratio of total conductor thickness to skin depth if the total number of layers is greater than one-third the square of the ratio of total conductor thickness to skin depth. The layer number requirement is due to counter-currents in each foil layer caused by the surrounding rf magnetic fields. We call structures that exhibit this type of Q-enhancement "meta-metallic." In addition, end effects due to rf magnetic fields wrapping around the ends of the foils can substantially reduce the Q-value for some classes of structures. Foil structures with Q-values that are substantially influenced by such end effects are discussed as are five classes of structures that are not. We focus particularly on 400 MHz, which is the resonant frequency of protons at 9.4 T. Simulations at 400 MHz are shown with comparison to measurements on fabricated structures. The methods and geometries described here are general for magnetic resonance and can be used at frequencies much higher than 400 MHz.

  14. Study of fusion Q-value rule in sub-barrier fusion of heavy ions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Xing-Xing; ZHANG Gao-Long; ZHANG Huan-Qiao

    2015-01-01

    A vast body of fusion data has been analyzed for different projectiles and target nuclei.It is indicated that the sub-barrier fusion depends on the fusion Q-value.In terms of a recently introduced fusion Q-value rule and an energy scaling reduction procedure,the experimental fusion excitation functions are reduced and compared with each other.It is found that the reduced fusion excitations of selected fusion systems show a similar trend.The fusion data for massive nuclei are in agreement with the Q-value rule.In the fusion process,the Q contribution should be considered.Within this approach,the sub-barrier fusion cross sections of most fusion systems can be predicted without involving any structure effects of colliding nuclei.Instances of disagreement are presented in a few fusion systems.The use of the energy scaling as a criterion of possible experimental data inconsistency is discussed.More precise experimental fusion data need to be measured.

  15. Effect of positive Q-value neutron transfers on sub-barrier fusion reactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, Pei-Wei; Feng, Zhao-Qing; Zhang, Fan; Li, Cheng; Lin, Cheng-Jian; Zhang, Feng-Shou

    2017-06-01

    The role of positive Q-value neutron transfers in sub-barrier fusion reactions has been studied with a modified quantum coupled channels model with all order couplings (CCFULL model). Neutron rearrangement related only to the dynamical matching condition with no free parameters is implemented in the model, which provides a way to understand especially the Q-value dependence of sub-barrier fusion reactions. The fusion cross sections of the collision systems 40Ca+94, 96Zr have been calculated and analyzed. The general trend of experimental data can be reproduced well with additional channels for neutron rearrangement. We find that enhancement of sub-barrier fusion cross sections is closely related to the Q-value of the transferred neutrons, in particular for channels with sequential even number transferred neutrons. Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (11635003, 11025524, 11161130520, 11175218, U1332207) National Basic Research Program of China (2010CB832903) European Commission’s 7th Framework Programme (Fp7-PEOPLE-2010-IRSES) Agreement Project (269131)

  16. Baseline Q-values for streams in intensive agricultural catchments in Ireland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melland, Alice; Jordan, Phil; Wall, David; Mellander, Per-Erik; Mechan, Sarah; Shortle, Ger

    2010-05-01

    The effectiveness of regulations introduced in Ireland in 2006 in response to the European Union Nitrates Directives for minimising nutrient loss to waterways from farms is being studied by Teagasc, the Irish Agriculture and Food Development Authority as part of an Agricultural Catchments Programme from 2008 - 2011. The regulations in Ireland require that during winter, green cover is established and maintained on arable farms, manure is stored and not spread, ploughing is not conducted and that chemical fertiliser is not spread. The regulations also require buffer zones between fields and water courses when applying organic or chemical fertilisers and that nutrient application rates and timing match crop requirements. An upper limit for livestock manure loading of 170 kg ha-1 organic N each year is also set. The biophysical research component of the Agricultural Catchments Programme is focussed on quantifying nutrient source availability, surface and subsurface transport pathways and stream chemical water quality. A baseline description of stream ecological quality was also sought. Stream ecology was measured in autumn 2009 at 3-5 locations within four surface water catchments and at the spring emergence of a catchment underlain by karst limestone. Landuse in each catchment is dominated by medium to high intensity grassland or cereal farming and annual average rainfall ranges from 900 - 1200 mm. Surveys were conducted in 1st to 3rd order streams throughout each catchment at locations which had minimal observed point source inputs for 100m upstream, incomplete shade, a hard streambed substrate and riffle conditions suitable for the sampling methods. Benthic macroinvertebrates were identified and quantified and used to calculate the biological indices Small Stream Risk Score, Q-value, Biological Monitoring Working Party (BMWP), Average Score Per Taxa (ASPT) and EQR (Observed Q-value/Reference Q-value). Diatom community assemblages were identified from samples

  17. Mass and Double-Beta-Decay Q Value of Xe136

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redshaw, Matthew; Wingfield, Elizabeth; McDaniel, Joseph; Myers, Edmund G.

    2007-02-01

    The atomic mass of Xe136 has been measured by comparing cyclotron frequencies of single ions in a Penning trap. The result, with 1 standard deviation uncertainty, is M(Xe136)=135.907 214 484 (11) u. Combined with previous results for the mass of Ba136 [Audi, Wapstra, and Thibault, Nucl. Phys. A 729, 337 (2003)NUPABL0375-947410.1016/j.nuclphysa.2003.11.003], this gives a Q value (M[Xe136]-M[Ba136])c2=2457.83(37)keV, sufficiently precise for ongoing searches for the neutrinoless double-beta decay of Xe136.

  18. Q value of anelastic S-wave attenuation in Yunnan region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SU You-jin; LIU Jie; ZHENG Si-hua; LIU Li-fang; FU Hong; XU Yan

    2006-01-01

    @@ The study of seismic attenuation property is a major subject in seismology. Seismic waves recorded by seismic stations (seismographs) contain source effect, seismic wave propagation effect, site response of seismic stations and instrumental response. The path effect of seismic wave propagation, site response of seismic stations and instrumental response must be taken out in the study of source property with seismic data. The path effect of seismic wave propagation (seismic attenuation) involves an important influential factor, the anelastic attenuation of medium, which is measured with quality factor Q, apart from geometric attenuation with the distance. As a basic physical parameter of the Earth medium, Q value is essential for quantitative study of earthquakes and source property (e.g. determination of source parameters), which is widely used in earthquake source physics and engineering seismology.

  19. Q Value-Based Dynamic Programming with Boltzmann Distribution in Large Scale Road Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Shanqing; Xu, Yelei; Mabu, Shingo; Mainali, Manoj Kanta; Shimada, Kaoru; Hirasawa, Kotaro

    In this paper, a global optimal traffic assignment strategy, i.e., Q value-based Dynamic Programming with Boltzmann Distribution is applied to the Kitakyushu City traffic system. The main idea of the proposed traffic assignment strategy is to calculate the expected traveling time for each origin-destination pair and the probability of selecting the next section, then to generate a considerable number of route candidates for the drivers based on the calculated probability. In the simulation, how to select the temperature parameter and the number of the route candidates is discussed in detail. The comparison between the proposed method and the shortest path algorithms indicates that the proposed method could reduce the risk of the traffic congestion occurrence and save the traveling cost effectively. In addition, the computation time is given to reveal the feasibility of the proposed method in large scale networks.

  20. P-values, q-values and posterior probabilities for equivalence in genomics studies

    CERN Document Server

    Tuke, J; Solomon, P J

    2012-01-01

    Equivalence testing is of emerging importance in genomics studies but has hitherto been little studied in this content. In this paper, we define the notion of equivalence of gene expression and determine a `strength of evidence' measure for gene equivalence. It is common practice in genome-wide studies to rank genes according to observed gene-specific P-values or adjusted P-values, which are assumed to measure the strength of evidence against the null hypothesis of no differential gene expression. We show here, both empirically and formally, that the equivalence P-value does not satisfy the basic consistency requirements for a valid strength of evidence measure for equivalence. This means that the widely-used q-value (Storey, 2002) defined for each gene to be the minimum positive false discovery rate that would result in the inclusion of the corresponding P-value in the discovery set, cannot be translated to the equivalence testing framework. However, when represented as a posterior probability, we find that ...

  1. A self-consistent method to analyze the effects of the positive Q-value neutron transfers on fusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.M. Jia

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Considering the present limitation of the need for external parameters to describe the nucleus–nucleus potential and the couplings in the coupled-channels calculations, this work introduces an improved method without adjustable parameter to overcome the limitation and then sort out the positive Q-value neutron transfers (PQNT effects based on the CCFULL calculations. The corresponding analysis for Ca+Ca, S,Ca+Sn, and S,Ca+Zr provides a reliable proof and a quantitative evaluation for the residual enhancement (RE related to PQNT. In addition, the RE for S32,Ca40+Zr94 shows an unexpected larger enhancement than S32,Ca40+Zr96 despite the similar multi-neutron transfer Q-values. This method should rather strictly test the fusion models and be helpful for excavating the underlying physics.

  2. Direct mass measurements of cadmium and palladium isotopes and their double-beta transition $Q$-values

    CERN Document Server

    Smorra, C; Blaum, K; Block, M; Düllmann, Ch E; Eberhardt, K; Eibach, M; Eliseev, S; Nagy, Sz; Nörtershäuser, W; Renisch, D

    2012-01-01

    The $Q$-value of the double-electron capture in $^{108}$Cd has been determined to be (272.04 $\\pm$ 0.55) keV in a direct measurement with the double-Penning trap mass spectrometer TRIGA-TRAP. Based on this result a resonant enhancement of the decay rate of $^{108}$Cd is excluded. We have confirmed the double-beta transition $Q$-values of $^{106}$Cd and $^{110}$Pd recently measured with the Penning-trap mass spectrometers SHIPTRAP and ISOLTRAP, respectively. Furthermore, the atomic masses of the involved nuclides ($^{106, 108, 110}$Cd, $^{106, 108, 110}$Pd) have been directly linked to the atomic mass standard.

  3. Effect of alpha-Q-value on reaction dynamics at ≈ 4-7 AMeV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhowmik R.K.

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the dependence of incomplete fusion reaction dynamics on various entrance channel parameters, specially, the alpha-Q-value effect. The excitation functions for several radio-nuclides formed in 13C+159Tb interactions at ≈ 4-7 AMeV have been measured using activation technique followed by γ-spectroscopy. The experimentally measured excitation functions have been analyzed in the framework of statistical model code PACE4. A sizeable contribution of incomplete fusion has been delineated in the production of α-emitting channels in reference to the Monte Carlo simulation based statistical model code PACE4. For better insights into the onset and strength of incomplete fusion, the incomplete fusion strength function has been deduced as a function of various entrance channel parameters. A significant amount of incomplete fusion contribution has been observed at slightly above barrier energies, and found to increase smoothly with incident projectile energy. Present results have also been compared with the results obtained in the interactions of 16O and 12C with same target 159Tb, to probe the dependence of incomplete fusion on projectile, specially, on the binding energy & alpha-Q-value. The present work in light of previous data hints that instead of binding energy, the alpha-Q-value of the projectile is a parameter which influences the in-complete fusion reaction dynamics.

  4. Study on coda Q value in Yushu area%玉树地区尾波Q值研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文邦; 王培玲; 姚家骏

    2013-01-01

    Using the digital wave data of two earthquake sequence in Yushu area recorded by Yushu Seismic Station in 2006 and 2010, the Q value in Yushu region is calculated based on single scatter model by Sato. The relationship between the Q value and frequency is also fitted. In general, there is certain correlation between Q value and the seismotectonic activity. The former average of Q0 value is higher than that of the latter average of Q0 value.%利用青海玉树地震台记录的2006年和2010年玉树两次地震序列数字化波形资料,基于Sato的尾波单次散射模型,计算玉树地区尾波Q值,并拟合Q值对频率的依赖关系.总体上,该地区尾波Q值与地震构造活动呈一定相关性,前者平均拟合Q0值.

  5. The Q Values of the Galilean Satellites and their Tidal Contributions to the Deceleration of Jupiter's Rotation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong Zhang; Cheng-Zhi Zhang

    2004-01-01

    The relationship between the k2/Q of the Galilean satellites and the k2J/QJ of Jupiter is derived from energy and momentum considerations. Calculations suggest that the Galilean satellites can be divided into two classes according to their Q values: Io and Ganymede have values between 10 and 50, while Europa and Callisto have values ranging from 200 to 700. The tidal contributions of the Galilean satellites to Jupiter's rotation are estimated. The main deceleration of Jupiter, which is about 99.04% of the total, comes from Io.

  6. Masses of Te130 and Xe130 and Double-β-Decay Q Value of Te130

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redshaw, Matthew; Mount, Brianna J.; Myers, Edmund G.; Avignone, Frank T., III

    2009-05-01

    The atomic masses of Te130 and Xe130 have been obtained by measuring cyclotron frequency ratios of pairs of triply charged ions simultaneously trapped in a Penning trap. The results, with 1 standard deviation uncertainty, are M(Te130)=129.906222744(16)u and M(Xe130)=129.903509351(15)u. From the mass difference the double-β-decay Q value of Te130 is determined to be Qββ(Te130)=2527.518(13)keV. This is a factor of 150 more precise than the result of the AME2003 [G. Audi , Nucl. Phys. A729, 337 (2003)NUPABL0375-947410.1016/j.nuclphysa.2003.11.003].

  7. High-resolution positron Q-value measurements and nuclear-structure studies far from the stability line. Progress report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avignone, F.T. III.

    1981-02-28

    Extensive data analysis and theoretical analysis has been done to complete the extensive decay scheme investigation of /sup 206/ /sup 208/Fr and the level structures of /sup 206/ /sup 208/Rn. A final version of a journal article is presented in preprint form. Extensive Monte Carlo calculations have been made to correct the end point energies of positron spectra taken with intrinsic Ge detectors for annihilation radiation interferences. These calculations were tested using the decay of /sup 82/Sr which has previously measured positron branches. This technique was applied to the positron spectra collected at the on-line UNISOR isotope separator. The reactions used were /sup 60/Ni(/sup 20/Ne;p2n)/sup 77/Rb and /sup 60/Ni(/sup 20/Ne;pn)/sup 78/Rb. Values for 5, ..gamma..-..beta../sup +/ coincidence positron end point energies are given for the decay of /sup 77/Rb. The implied Q-value is 5.075 +- 0.010 MeV. A complete paper on the calculated corrections is presented. A flow chart of a more complete program which accounts for positrons scattering out of the detector and for bremsstralung radiation is also presented. End-point energies of four ..beta../sup +/ branches in /sup 77/Rb are given as well as a proposed energy level scheme of /sup 75/Kr based on ..gamma..-..gamma.. coincidence data taken at UNISOR.

  8. Measurement of Nuclear Reaction Q-values with High Accuracy: 7Li(p, n)7Be

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, R. E.; Barker, P. H.; Lovelock, D. M. J.

    1985-01-01

    A technique is described for the measurement of nuclear reaction Q-values with an accuracy of a few parts in 105, in which the ultimate reference is a one-volt standard. As a test of the technique the accurately known threshold energy of the 7Li(p, n)7Be reaction, 1880.51 +/- 0.08 keV, has been remeasured. The value found using the present technique is 1880.443 +/- 0.020 keV, in good agreement with previous values. An attempt to see evidence for atomic excitation effects in the 27A1(p,n)27Si reaction is also discussed. This yielded a new value of 5803.73 +/- 0.12 keV for the threshold of this reaction, again in a good agreement with, but more accurate than, previous values. Further test measurements are summarized. The main application of the technique, in measurements related to the theory of weak interactions, is discussed briefly and the results obtained to date are presented.

  9. New determination of double-beta-decay properties in 48Ca: high-precision Q-value measurement and improved nuclear matrix element calculations

    CERN Document Server

    Kwiatkowski, A A; Holt, J D; Chaudhuri, A; Chowdhury, U; Eibach, M; Engel, J; Gallant, A T; Grossheim, A; Horoi, M; Lennarz, A; Macdonald, T D; Pearson, M R; Schultz, B E; Simon, M C; Senkov, R A; Simon, V V; Zuber, K; Dilling, J

    2013-01-01

    We report a direct measurement of the Q-value of the neutrinoless double-beta-decay candidate 48Ca at the TITAN Penning-trap mass spectrometer, with the result that Q = 4267.98(32) keV. We measured the masses of both the mother and daughter nuclides, and in the latter case found a 1 keV deviation from the literature value. In addition to the Q-value, we also present results of a new calculation of the neutrinoless double-beta-decay nuclear matrix element of 48Ca. Using diagrammatic many-body perturbation theory to second order to account for physics outside the valence space, we constructed an effective shell-model double-beta-decay operator, which increased the nuclear matrix element by about 75% compared with that produced by the bare operator. The new Q-value and matrix element strengthen the case for a 48Ca double-beta-decay experiment.

  10. Penning-trap Q-value determination of the Ga-71(v, e(-))Ge-71 reaction using threshold charge breeding of on-line produced isotopes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frekers, D.; Simon, M.C.; Andreoiu, C.; Bale, J. C.; Brodeur, M.; Brunner, T.; Chaudhuri, A.; Chowdhury, U.; Lopez-Urrutia, J. R. Crespo; Delheij, P.; Ejiri, H.; Ettenauer, S.; Gallant, A. T.; Gavrin, V.; Grossheim, A.; Harakeh, M. N.; Jang, F.; Kwiatkowski, A. A.; Lassen, J.; Lennarz, A.; Luichtl, M.; Ma, T.; Macdonald, T. D.; Mane, E.; Robertson, D.; Schultz, B. E.; Simon, V. V.; Teigelhoefer, A.; Dilling, J.

    2013-01-01

    We present a first direct Q-value measurement of the Ga-71(v, e(-))Ge-71 reaction using the TITAN mass-measurement facility at ISAC/TRIUMF. The measurements were performed in a Penning trap on neon-like Ga-71(21+) and Ge-71(22+) using isobar separation of the on-line produced mother and daughter

  11. Penning-trap Q-value determination of the Ga-71(v, e(-))Ge-71 reaction using threshold charge breeding of on-line produced isotopes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frekers, D.; Simon, M.C.; Andreoiu, C.; Bale, J. C.; Brodeur, M.; Brunner, T.; Chaudhuri, A.; Chowdhury, U.; Lopez-Urrutia, J. R. Crespo; Delheij, P.; Ejiri, H.; Ettenauer, S.; Gallant, A. T.; Gavrin, V.; Grossheim, A.; Harakeh, M. N.; Jang, F.; Kwiatkowski, A. A.; Lassen, J.; Lennarz, A.; Luichtl, M.; Ma, T.; Macdonald, T. D.; Mane, E.; Robertson, D.; Schultz, B. E.; Simon, V. V.; Teigelhoefer, A.; Dilling, J.

    2013-01-01

    We present a first direct Q-value measurement of the Ga-71(v, e(-))Ge-71 reaction using the TITAN mass-measurement facility at ISAC/TRIUMF. The measurements were performed in a Penning trap on neon-like Ga-71(21+) and Ge-71(22+) using isobar separation of the on-line produced mother and daughter nuc

  12. Comparison of the corneal biomechanical effects after small-incision lenticule extraction and Q value guided femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Zhang

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available AIM:By comparing the changes of biomechanical properties of the cornea after small-incision lenticule extraction(SMILEand those after Q value guided femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis(FSLASIK, to study the stability of biomechanical properties of the cornea after these two kinds of surgery and provide objective data for clinical operation.METHODS: Prospective comparative cases. One hundred and two cases(200 eyeswith myopia and myopic astigmatism were divided into 2 groups, 51 cases(100 eyesfor SMILE, and 51 cases(100 eyesfor Q value guided FS-LASIK. Corneal hysteresis(CHand the corneal resistance factor(CRFwere quantitatively assessed with the Ocular Response Analyzer(ORApreoperatively and 1d, 2wk, 1 and 3mo postoperatively.RESULTS: The decrease in CH and the CRF were statistically significant in both groups(PP>0.05. There were no statistically significant differences between the biomechanical changes in the two groups at any time(P>0.05.CONCLUSION: Both SMILE and Q value guided FS-LASIK can cause biomechanical decreases in the cornea. After 1d postoperatively, the decreases are nearly stable. There are no significant differences between the effect of SMILE and Q value guided FS-LASIK on the biomechanical properties of the cornea.

  13. 近视眼人群角膜Q值与像差的相关性分析%Correlation analysis of corneal Q - value and aberration in myopia population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李方园; 赵晓金; 牛玉坤; 王卫群; 张幼梅

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study myopia population of corneas aspherical characteristics ( Q value) and high - order correlation. Methods Six hundred eyes of 300 patients with myopia for corneal laser refractive surgery were enrolled in this study with each patient selected randomly. The K&Q calculator of 0rbscan IIz anterior segment system was used to obtain the Q - value of 6mm optical zone in 300 cases (600 eyes), and statistical analysis was used to comprehend the distribution characters of Q -value, Zywave wave front instrument measuring intraocular overall aberration, high -order correlation and spherical correlation of the RMS value under the 6mm pupil diameter, and statistical analysis was used to comprehend the distribution characters of Q - value and correlation. Results The Q-value of 600 eyes ranged from -0. 51 ~0. 37 with the mean value( -0. 17 ±0. 11 ), 6mm pupil diameter of the total aberration of the RMS value with the mean value (9.25 ± 2. 63 ) μm, high - order correlation of the RMS value with the mean value (0. 43 ±0. 16)μm,spherical correlation of the RMS value with the mean value (0. 06 ± 0. 05 ) μm. The Q - value showed a positive correlation with spherical correlation, but no relation with overall aberration of the RMS value and high - order correlation of the RMS value. Conclusion The Q -value of 600 eyes of (300 cases) were approximately normal distribution. The Q value was related with spherical correlation.%目的 研究近视人群眼角膜非球面特性(Q值)与高阶像差的相关性.方法 随机收集近视屈光手术患者300例(600眼),使用Orbscan IIz眼前节分析系统K&Q计算软件获得600眼角膜6mm分析区域的Q值,Zywave 波前像差仪测量瞳孔直径6mm眼内总体像差、高阶像差和球差的均方根值(RMS)值,并针对Q值的分布特征及像差进行相关分析.结果 300例600眼角膜Q值分布范围-0.51~0.37,平均-0.17±0.11,6mm瞳孔直径的总像差均方根值平均为(9.25±2.63)μm,高阶

  14. Direct Measurement of the Mass Difference of Ho163 and Dy163 Solves the Q-Value Puzzle for the Neutrino Mass Determination

    CERN Document Server

    Eliseev, S; Block, M; Chenmarev, S; Dorrer, H; Duellmann, Ch E; Enss, C; Filianin, P E; Gastaldo, L; Goncharov, M; Koester, U; Lautenschlaeger, F; Novikov, Yu N; Rischka, A; Schuessler, R X; Schweikhard, L; Tuerler, A

    2016-01-01

    The atomic mass difference of 163Ho and 163Dy has been directly measured with the Penning trap mass spectrometer SHIPTRAP applying the novel phase imaging ion cyclotron resonance technique. Our measurement has solved the long standing problem of large discrepancies in the Q value of the electron capture in 163Ho determined by different techniques. Our measured mass difference shifts the current Q value of 2555(16) eV evaluated in the Atomic Mass Evaluation 2012 [G. Audi et al., Chin. Phys. C 36, 1157 (2012)] by more than 7 sigma to 2833(30stat)(15sys) eV/c2. With the new mass difference it will be possible, e.g., to reach in the first phase of the ECHo experiment a statistical sensitivity to the neutrino mass below 10 eV, which will reduce its present upper limit by more than an order of magnitude.

  15. Q Value of Coda Wave in Shanxi Region Based on Aki Model%利用Aki模型对山西地区尾波Q值的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁亚灵; 靳玉科; 许家妹

    2012-01-01

    选取2001年1月至2011年12月山西地震台网记录的ML≥2.0地震的数字地震波资料,运用单次散射Aki模型,计算得到山西地区尾波Q值,拟合Q值对频率的依赖关系。其中,右玉、代县、夏县、东山4个地震台站属于低Q值、高n值,为特质的构造运动活跃地区的尾波性质。%Based on the Aki single scatter model, using digital wave data of earthquakes with ML ~〉 2. 0 from January,2001 to December, 2011 ,recorded by Shanxi Seismic Network, the Q values of coda wave in Shanxi region are calculated and the relationship between Q value and frequency is figured out by fitting . Four seismological stations, Youyu, Daixian, Xiaxian, Dongshan, where Q values are low and η value are high, which mean that tectonic movement in those areas are active.

  16. First direct double-β decay Q-value measurement of 82Se in support of understanding the nature of the neutrino.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lincoln, David L; Holt, Jason D; Bollen, Georg; Brodeur, Maxime; Bustabad, Scott; Engel, Jonathan; Novario, Samuel J; Redshaw, Matthew; Ringle, Ryan; Schwarz, Stefan

    2013-01-04

    In anticipation of results from current and future double-β decay studies, we report a measurement resulting in a (82)Se double-β decay Q value of 2997.9(3) keV, an order of magnitude more precise than the currently accepted value. We also present preliminary results of a calculation of the (82)Se neutrinoless double-β decay nuclear matrix element that corrects in part for the small size of the shell model single-particle space. The results of this work are important for designing next generation double-β decay experiments and for the theoretical interpretations of their observations.

  17. Community division algorithm based on feedback of unbiased Q value%基于无偏Q值反馈的社区划分算法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨柳; 曹玖新; 刘波; 时莉莉

    2011-01-01

    Based on the analysis of the existing community division algorithms, a community division algorithm based on the feedback of unbiased Q value is proposed to avoid the bias of Q value and the ignorance of link weight ignored. Firstly, the similarity of nodes is calculated through the transitive weights. Then, the optimal community number is determined by means of random walk strategy in order to make the Q value unbiased. Finally, with the optimal community number determined, the pheromone matrix is updated by using the feedback of the Q value to drive up the followup division, which makes the algorithm converge to the optimal solution quickly and accurately. The experimental analysis results of data set constructed by computer analysis and the actual network show that this algorithm has higher accuracy and faster constringency than the existing community division algorithms in respect of community division and core node detection. It can be used to construct the social mobile network.%在分析现有社区划分算法的基础上,针对当前算法Q值有偏及权值未体现等缺陷,提出了一种基于无偏Q值反馈的社区划分算法.该算法首先利用传递权值计算出节点间的相似度;然后,采用随机游走策略确定最优社区数,以解决现有划分算法中Q值有偏的问题;最后,在最优社区数确定的情况下,利用划分结果评价Q值反馈更新信息素矩阵以驱动后续的划分,从而达到快速收敛的目的.针对计算机构造的数据集以及实际网络的实验分析结果表明,与现有算法相比,该算法在社区划分方面具有更高的准确率及更快的收敛速度,能够达到社区划分以及核心节点发现的目的,可被推广应用至移动社会网络模型的建立中.

  18. Quantitative Analysis of Plutonium Content in Particles Collected from a Certified Reference Material by Total Nuclear Reaction Energy (Q Value) Spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croce, M. P.; Hoover, A. S.; Rabin, M. W.; Bond, E. M.; Wolfsberg, L. E.; Schmidt, D. R.; Ullom, J. N.

    2016-08-01

    Microcalorimeters with embedded radioisotopes are an emerging category of sensor with advantages over existing methods for isotopic analysis of trace-level nuclear materials. For each nuclear decay, the energy of all decay products captured by the absorber (alpha particles, gamma rays, X-rays, electrons, daughter nuclei, etc.) is measured in one pulse. For alpha-decaying isotopes, this gives a measurement of the total nuclear reaction energy (Q value) and the spectra consist of well-separated, narrow peaks. We have demonstrated a simple mechanical alloying process to create an absorber structure consisting of a gold matrix with small inclusions of a radioactive sample. This absorber structure provides an optimized energy thermalization environment, resulting in high-resolution spectra with minimal tailing. We have applied this process to the analysis of particles collected from the surface of a plutonium metal certified reference material (CRM-126A from New Brunswick Laboratory) and demonstrated isotopic analysis by microcalorimeter Q value spectroscopy. Energy resolution from the Gaussian component of a Bortels function fit was 1.3 keV FWHM at 5244 keV. The collected particles were integrated directly into the detector absorber without any chemical processing. The ^{238}Pu/^{239}Pu and ^{240}Pu/^{239}Pu mass ratios were measured and the results confirmed against the certificate of analysis for the reference material. We also demonstrated inter-element analysis capability by measuring the ^{241}Am/^{239}Pu mass ratio.

  19. Preparatory studies for a high-precision Penning-trap measurement of the {sup 163}Ho electron capture Q-value

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, F. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernchemie, Mainz (Germany); Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Physik, Mainz (Germany); Beyer, T.; Blaum, K.; Eibach, M.; Eliseev, S.; Nagy, Sz. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); Block, M. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernchemie, Mainz (Germany); GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz (Germany); Chenmarev, S.; Novikov, Yu.N. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); Saint Petersburg State University, Physical Faculty, Saint Petersburg (Russian Federation); Dorrer, H. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernchemie, Mainz (Germany); Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen (Switzerland); Universitaet Bern, Bern (Switzerland); Duellmann, C.E. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernchemie, Mainz (Germany); GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz (Germany); Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, PRISMA Cluster of Excellence, Mainz (Germany); Eberhardt, K. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernchemie, Mainz (Germany); Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Mainz (Germany); Grund, J. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernchemie, Mainz (Germany); Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, PRISMA Cluster of Excellence, Mainz (Germany); Koester, U. [Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble (France); Renisch, D. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernchemie, Mainz (Germany); Tuerler, A. [Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen (Switzerland); Universitaet Bern, Bern (Switzerland); Wendt, K. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Physik, Mainz (Germany); Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, PRISMA Cluster of Excellence, Mainz (Germany)

    2015-07-15

    The ECHo Collaboration (Electron Capture {sup 163}Ho) aims to investigate the calorimetric spectrum following the electron capture decay of {sup 163}Ho to determine the mass of the electron neutrino. The size of the neutrino mass is reflected in the endpoint region of the spectrum, i.e., the last few eV below the transition energy. To check for systematic uncertainties, an independent determination of this transition energy, the Q-value, is mandatory. Using the TRIGA-TRAP setup, we demonstrate the feasibility of performing this measurement by Penning-trap mass spectrometry. With the currently available, purified {sup 163}Ho sample and an improved laser ablation mini-RFQ ion source, we were able to perform direct mass measurements of {sup 163}Ho and {sup 163}Dy with a sample size of less than 10{sup 17} atoms. The measurements were carried out by determining the ratio of the cyclotron frequencies of the two isotopes to those of carbon cluster ions using the time-of-flight ion cyclotron resonance method. The obtained mass excess values are ME({sup 163}Ho)= -66379.3(9) keV and ME({sup 163}Dy)= -66381.7(8) keV. In addition, the Q-value was measured for the first time by Penning-trap mass spectrometry to be Q = 2.5(7) keV. (orig.)

  20. PRIMARY STUDY ON CODA Q VALUE IN LONGGANG VOLCANO AREA%龙岗火山区尾波Q值的初步研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁国经; 李仲巍; 郑双凤; 刘俊清; 刘达峰; 綦伟

    2011-01-01

    基于sato单次散射模型,利用2007年5月至2010年2月龙岗火山测震台网记录到的发生在火山区及邻近地区内的41次Mt.≥1.6地震的波形资料,计算了龙岗火山区的尾波Q值,得出尾波Q值与频率的关系为Q(f)=(42.65±7.53)f(0.845 9+0.164 2),具有以低Q值高η值为特征的火山构造活跃地区的尾波性质.火山区尾波Q值的空间分布显示,金龙顶子火山附近的金川台尾波Q0值为31.98.明显低于其它台站.结合深地震探测和垂直形变资料成果,佐证了龙岗火山岩浆囊的位置可能在金龙顶子火山附近.%According to Sato( 1977) single scattering model and using 41 earthquakes with ML ≥ 1. 6 in the Longgang volcano and the nearby regions recorded by Longgang volcano digital seismic network from 2007 to February 2010, the coda Q value in the Longgang volcanic region was determined. All of events used in this paper occurred at depths from 6 to 1Okm,with the epicentral distances less than 75km. The results show that the coda Q has a dependence with frequency as Q (f) = (41. 65±11. 74)f(O.8459±0.1642) ,which is characteristic of coda in active volcanic regions as low Q value and high η value. Compared to other volcanic areas in the world , the average Qc of the Longgang volcanic area is obviously lower. Distribution of coda Q value on Longgang volcano shows that coda Q0 value at Jinchuan seismic station near Jinlongdingzi volcano is 31. 98 , significantly lower than other stations',which,in combination with the deep seismic sounding data and vertical deformation data,proves that the magma chambers probably locate in the vicinity of Jinlongdingzi volcano. For the lower coda Q0 value ,we interpret the strong attenuation of coda waves near the Longgang volcano is possibly related to high temperature medium caused by magma chambers.

  1. The fusion dynamics for a positive Q-value system: $^{27}$Al+$^{45}$Sc using SEDF and role of spin-orbit interaction potential

    CERN Document Server

    Verma, Dalip Singh

    2016-01-01

    The fusion dynamics for a positive Q-value systems: $^{27}$Al+$^{45}$Sc, at near and deep sub-barrier energies has been investigated using the proximity potentials of Skyrme energy density formalism in semi classical extended Thomas Fermi approach for arbitrarily chosen Skyrme forces: SLy4, SIV, SGII and Proximity77 of Blocki and co-workers. The calculated fusion excitation functions for the proximity potentials obtained for Skyrme forces mentioned above and for the Proximity77 have been compared with experimental data. The proximity potential for Skyrme force SIV is found to be the best and is used in the calculations of the quantities like logarithmic derivative, barriers distributions and $S$-factor. Further, the role of spin-orbit interaction potential in the fusion dynamics of this system has been investigated.

  2. Precision measurement of the half-life and the $\\beta$-decay Q value of the superallowed 0$^{+}\\rightarrow$ 0$^{+}\\beta$-decay of $^{38}$Ca

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    We propose to study the $\\beta$-decay of $^{38}$Ca. In a first instance, we intend to perform a high-precision study of the half-life of this nucleus as well as a measurement of its $\\beta$-decay Q-value with ISOLTRAP. At a later stage, we propose to study its decay branches to determine the super-allowed branching ratio with high precision. These measurements are essential to improve our understanding of the theoretical corrections (in particular the $\\delta$c correction factor) needed to calculate the universal Ft value from the ft value determined for individual nuclei. For this nucleus, the correction factor is predicted to increase significantly as compared to the nine well-studied nuclei between $^{10}$C and $^{54}$Co and the model calculations used to determine the corrections, in particular the shell-model calculations, are well under control in this mass region. Therefore, the T$_{Z}$= -1 nuclei between A=18 and A=38 are ideal test cases for the correction factors which limit today the precision on t...

  3. Penning-trap Q-value determination of the {sup 71}Ga(ν,e{sup −}){sup 71}Ge reaction using threshold charge breeding of on-line produced isotopes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frekers, D., E-mail: Frekers@Uni-Muenster.de [Institut für Kernphysik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, 48149 Münster (Germany); Simon, M.C. [TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3 (Canada); Andreoiu, C. [Department of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6 (Canada); Bale, J.C. [TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3 (Canada); Department of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6 (Canada); Brodeur, M. [NSCL, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Brunner, T. [TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3 (Canada); Physik Department E12, Technische Universität München, 85748 Garching (Germany); Chaudhuri, A. [TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3 (Canada); Chowdhury, U. [TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3 (Canada); Department of Physics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2 (Canada); Crespo López-Urrutia, J.R. [Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Delheij, P. [TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3 (Canada); Ejiri, H. [Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka 560-0047 (Japan); Ettenauer, S.; Gallant, A.T. [TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3 (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1 (Canada); Gavrin, V. [Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 1173122 (Russian Federation); Grossheim, A. [TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3 (Canada); Harakeh, M.N. [Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut, University of Groningen, NL-9747 AA Groningen (Netherlands); Jang, F. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1 (Canada); Kwiatkowski, A.A. [TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3 (Canada); and others

    2013-05-24

    We present a first direct Q-value measurement of the {sup 71}Ga(ν,e{sup −}){sup 71}Ge reaction using the TITAN mass-measurement facility at ISAC/TRIUMF. The measurements were performed in a Penning trap on neon-like {sup 71}Ga{sup 21+} and {sup 71}Ge{sup 22+} using isobar separation of the on-line produced mother and daughter nuclei through threshold charge breeding in an electron-beam ion trap. In addition, isoionic samples of {sup 71}Ga{sup 21+} and {sup 71}Ge{sup 21+} were stored concurrently in the Penning trap and provided a separate Q-value measurement. Both independent measurements result in a combined Q-value of 233.5±1.2 keV, which is in agreement with the previously accepted Q-value for the ν cross-section calculations. Together with a recent measurement of the ν-response from the excited states in {sup 71}Ge, we conclude that there are no further uncertainties in the nuclear structure, which could remove the persistent discrepancy between the SAGE and GALLEX calibration measurements performed with neutrinos from reactor-produced {sup 51}Cr and {sup 37}Ar sources and the theoretical expectation.

  4. Q-VALUE STRUCTURE OF THE UPPER CRUST IN CHANGBAISHAN Mt.VOLCANIC REGION%长白山天池火山区上地壳Q值结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓宏钊; 张先康

    2001-01-01

    同天然地震资料相比,人工地震剖面观测资料具有震源球对称且位置已知,观测点位密集、震源和观测点呈直线排列、速度结构已知等突出优点。本文提出了一种利用人工地震振幅资料反演分层介质中Q值的新方法。在利用该方法得到Q值深度函数的基础上,综合各炮点的结果,可研究Q值沿剖面的横向变化。   利用上述方法计算了长白山L1剖面上地壳的Q值结构。发现长白山天池火山区下方Q值明显低于邻近地区,该区域位于天池地区壳内低速异常体的上部,对应于已往的火山喷发通道。%Compared with earthquake data,artificial earthquake profiling data have a lot of advantages,such as that source is spherically symmetrical and their position is known;observational points are very dense;sources and observing points are in a straight line;and the velocity structure of the studied area can be determined exactly.In this paper,a new model to inverse the Q-values in layered medium with artificial earthquake data has been proposed.Based on the function of Q-value in depth,combining the results of each explosion points we can study the lateral variation of Q-value along the profile.   Using the method above mentioned the Q-value structure of the upper crust along profile L1 in Changbaishan Mt.Region was calculated.It is found that the Q-value under the Tianci Volcano region is much smaller than that in adjacent regions.This low Q-value region locates just above the low velocity anomalous body in Tianci Region,which corresponds to the magma eruption channel in the past.

  5. Using Microsoft Excel to compute the 5% overall site X/Q value and the 95th percentile of the distribution of doses to the nearest maximally exposed offsite individual (MEOI).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vickers, Linda D

    2010-05-01

    This paper describes the method using Microsoft Excel (Microsoft Corporation One Microsoft Way Redmond, WA 98052-6399) to compute the 5% overall site X/Q value and the 95th percentile of the distribution of doses to the nearest maximally exposed offsite individual (MEOI) in accordance with guidance from DOE-STD-3009-1994 and U.S. NRC Regulatory Guide 1.145-1982. The accurate determination of the 5% overall site X/Q value is the most important factor in the computation of the 95th percentile of the distribution of doses to the nearest MEOI. This method should be used to validate software codes that compute the X/Q. The 95th percentile of the distribution of doses to the nearest MEOI must be compared to the U.S. DOE Evaluation Guide of 25 rem to determine the relative severity of hazard to the public from a postulated, unmitigated design basis accident that involves an offsite release of radioactive material.

  6. Q Values of Seismic Coda in Ningxia and Adjacent Regions based on Sato Model%利用Sato模型对宁夏及邻区尾波Q值的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    师海阔; 朱新运; 贺永忠; 张立恒

    2011-01-01

    Based on the Sato model, adopting digital wave datas of 121 earthquake above ML2.0 from January 2008 to December 2009, which were recorded by Ningxia earthquake nets, the average Q value of seismic coda in relative regions is calculated, and the relationship between Q value and frequency is polyfited. The whole region's result is Q(f)= (44.81±15.87) · f0.9491±0.0805. Compared with other regions, the Q value of seismic coda in Ningxia and adjacent regions is relatively lower, but the dependence on frequency is higher. According to the regional seismic tectonic characteristics and the homochronous seismic activity, we divided the research region into four concentrated minor-earthquake areas: (a) Ji Lantai, (b) Yin Chuan, (c) Wei Ningtong, (d) Gu Hai, and the calculated Q values of the four regions relatively are: (a) Q(f)= (53.59±17.08)f0.9148±0.0692, (b) O(f) = (53.04± 16.29)f0.921±0.0777, (c) Q(f) = (42. 25 ± 15.03)f0.9532±0.0787, (d) Q(f) = (41.65 ± 13.46) f0.9636±0.0774. Comparison of the polyfited results shows that Q value' s distribution reflects the related region's tectonic activities and seismic activity.%本文利用Sato模型,选取2008-2009年宁夏地震台网记录的121次ML≥2.0地震的数字地震波资料,计算宁夏及邻区平均尾波Q值,并拟合了Q值对频率的依赖关系. 结果表明,与国内其他地区相比,宁夏及邻区Q值较低,对频率f依赖性较高. 结合研究区同期地震活动水平及地震地质构造特征,将研究区划分为四个小震密集区:吉兰泰地震区、银川地震区、卫宁同地震区、固海地震区. 分别统计并拟合Q值对频率的关系式为Q(f)=(53.59±17.08)f 0.9148±0.0692;Q(f)=(53.04±16.29)f 0.921±0.0777;Q(f)=(42.25±15.03)f 0.9532±0.0787及Q(f)=(41.65±13.46)f 0.9636±0.0774. 对拟合结果进行比较表明,Q值分布较好地反映了相关构造区构造活动及地震活动水平.

  7. Q值引导与标准LASIK治疗近视临床疗效的Meta分析%Comparison of Q-value guide LASIK and standardized LASIK for the treatment of myopia:a meta-analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施节亮; 冯一帆; 陈世豪; 王勤美

    2011-01-01

    Background Nowadays,customized ablation is widely used in the excimer laser corneal refractive Burgery.And the Q-value guide LASIK is one of the research hotspots. Objective Present study was to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of Q-value guide LASIK and standardized LASIK for myopia.Methods A systematic literature retrieval from 2003 through 2010 was conducted in the MEDLINE,CNKI,Cochrane Library,EMBASE.The literature examine possible difierences in uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA),Q-value,higher order aberrations(HOAs),and spherical equivalent(SE) between Q-value guide LASIK and standardized LASIK for correcting myopia.Statistical analysis was performed using a Review Manager 5.0 software.The data was extracted,and the methodological quality was evaluated by two reviewers independently.The quality of included literature was scored according to the Jadad Scale. Results A total of 14 studies involving 1617 patients(2956 eyes)was included in the meta-analysis.Of these fourteen studies,six studies were randomized trials and the other eight studies were retrospective cohort studies.According to the Jadad Scale,2 studies scored 3 points,and the other 12 studies scored 1~2 points.The results showed that the Q-value guide LASIK group had a better postoperative effectiveness in uncorrective visual acuity(UCVA)(WMD=0.04.95% CI 0.00 to 0.08,P<0.05).Q-value(SMD=-1.52,95% CI -2.23 to-0.81,P=0.00),total HOAs (SMD=-1.63,95% CI-2.57 to-0.69,P<0.05) and spherical-like aberrations ( SMD =-1.49,95% CI-2.22 to-0. 76,P<0. 00) after surgery. However, the number of eyes achieved UCVA≥20/20 ( OR= 1.16,95% CI 0. 61 to 2. 19,P=0. 65) ,coma-like aberrations (SMD=-1. 02,95% CI-0. 36to 0.11,P=0.29) and SE (WMD=0.10,95% CI-0.11 to 0.31,P=0.34) after surgery were comparable.Conclusion The effectiveness of Q-value guide LASIK is superior to standardized LASIK for treatment of myopia.High-quality clinical randomized-controlled study should be performed to further evaluate the comparable

  8. 利用两种模型对宁夏及邻区尾波 Q 值进行对比研究%CONTRAST AND RESEARCH ON Q VALUE OF SEISMIC CODA IN NINGXIA AND ADJACENT REGIONS WITH TWO MODELS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺永忠; 师海阔; 朱新运; 张立恒

    2012-01-01

    With the Aki model and the Sato model separately, adopting digital earthquake wave datas above ML 2. 0 from January ,2008 to December,2009, which was recorded by Ningxia earthquake nets, the average Q value of seismic coda in relative regions is calculated, and the relation between Q value and frequency is simulated. The results are as follows; with the Aki model:Q(f) = (212 ±87. 62)f0.7584±0.19, the Sato model:Q(f) = (44. 81 ± 15. 87 )f0.9491±±0.0805. Compared with other domestic regions, the results with both of the two models show that the Q value of seismic coda is relatively lower, but the dependence on frequency is higher. So it is considered that the tectonic activity and seismicity are rather high in this region. The Q values in different areas are related with geologic tectonic, and reflect seismicity' s features of the corresponding regions. Results of the two models are comparatively identical, it is considered that the two models are both fit for the research on the Q value of seismic coda in Ningxia and adjacent regions.%分别利用Aki模型和Sato模型,选取2008年1月-2009年12月宁夏地震台网记录的ML≥2.0地震的数字地震波资料,计算了宁夏及邻区平均尾波Q值,并拟合了Q值对频率的依赖关系.结果为:Aki模型为Q(f)=(212±87.62)f0.7584±0.19;Sato模型为Q(f)=(44.81±15.87)f0.9491±0.0805.与国内其他区域相比,两种模型计算结果均显示本区域Q值较低,对频率依赖性较高.研究结果认为两种模型均适合对宁夏及邻区尾波Q值的研究.

  9. Analysis of corneal topography after Q-value adjusted customize laser in situ keratomileusis for myopia%Q值引导的个体化准分子激光原位角膜磨镶术后角膜地形图分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵向阳; 刘军; 李卫平; 刘晓芳

    2010-01-01

    目的 分析Q值引导的个体化准分子激光原位角膜磨镶术后角膜地形图的动态变化.方法 将94例188只眼接受准分子激光原位角膜磨镶术治疗的近视患者分为两组,47例94只眼行非球面个体化切削作为Ⅰ组;另47例94只眼行标准切削作为Ⅱ组,采用Orbscan Ⅱ角膜地形图仪随访6个月.结果 术后各时间点切削区形态、平均偏中心距离和SimK的变化,两组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),各时间点Q值差异两组比较有统计学意义(P0.05). The significant difference was seen in Q-value between two groups in different time points in post-operation (P<0.05). Q-value was lower in the aspheric group than the standard group. Postoperative average corneal thickness and ablated depth were statistically significant differences (P<0.05). Conclusions Q-value adjusted customize LASIK is safety, efficacy, stable and the physiology of the corneal surface is better maintained than standard treatment. Corneal topography provides a objective method to evaluate the result of operation.

  10. Impact of corneal aberration and anterior corneal surface Q value on controlling the development of myopia in orthokeratology%角膜像差与角膜前表面Q值对角膜塑形术近视控制的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈茹茹; 陈岩; 廉恒丽

    2016-01-01

    目的 探讨角膜像差与角膜前表面Q值改变对角膜塑形术控制近视效果的影响.方法 前瞻性临床研究.对配戴角膜塑形镜治疗的8~16岁青少年儿童中低度近视患者85例(85眼),分别进行配戴前及配戴1年后的眼轴和角膜像差、角膜前表面Q值测量.眼轴由IOLMaster测得,角膜像差和Q值由角膜地形图仪测得,角膜像差取6 mm瞳孔直径下的数据.采用logistic回归分析、独立样本t检验、配对t检验对数据进行分析.结果 73例受检者完成1年的随访检查.初始眼轴长度和配戴1年后眼轴长度分别为(25.17±0.88)mm和(25.42±0.83)mm,差异具有统计学意义(t=8.387,P<0.01).眼轴年增长幅度低于均值组和高于均值组间差异具有统计学意义的因素有初始戴镜年龄、角膜前表面Q值差值、初始角膜球差、初始水平角膜彗差、初始近视程度.行logistic回归分析,角膜塑形镜控制眼轴增长幅度主要的影响因素有:初始近视程度(β=3.709,P<0.01)、初始角膜球差(β=-12.881,P<0.01)、角膜前表面Q值差值(β=-4.349,P<0.01).影响近视程度的主要因素有初始戴镜年龄(β=0.441,P<0.05)和初始角膜球差(β=8.762,P<0.05).结论 年龄和角膜球差影响近视进展.随访1年,角膜塑形镜对中度近视的眼轴控制效果优于低度近视,角膜塑形镜通过改变角膜前表面Q值及角膜球差影响近视控制效果.%Objective To evaluate the corneal aberration and Q value on controlling the development of myopia in orthokeratology.Methods This was a prospective clinical study.Eighty-five children aged 8-16 years with low and moderate myopia were enrolled in this study.The ocular axis and aberrations of the cornea,corneal anterior surface Q measurements were measured before and after wearing 1 year.The ocular axis was measured by IOLMaster,the corneal aberrations and Q value were measured by corneal topography,and the corneal aberrations were measured

  11. Q-value of the superallowed beta decay of Ga-62

    CERN Document Server

    Eronen, T; Bey, A; Blank, B; Canchel, G; Dossat, C; Elomaa, V; Giovinazzo, J; Hager, U; Hakala, J; Jokinen, A; Matea, I; Moore, I; Pentillä, H; Rahaman, S; Rinta-Antila, S; Saastamoinen, A; Sonoda, T; Äystö, J

    2006-01-01

    Masses of the radioactive isotopes 62Ga, 62Zn and 62Cu have been measured at the JYFLTRAP facility with a relative precision of better than 18 ppb. A Q_EC value of (9181.07 +- 0.54) keV for the superallowed decay of 62Ga is obtained from the measured cyclotron frequency ratios of 62Ga-62Zn, 62Ga-62Ni and 62Zn-62Ni ions. The resulting Ft-value supports the validity of the conserved vector current hypothesis (CVC). The mass excess values measured were (-51986.5 +-1.0) keV for 62Ga, (-61167.9 +- 0.9) keV for 62Zn and (-62787.2 +- 0.9) keV for 62Cu.

  12. An absolute determination of the 14O ( β+) Fermi decay Q-value

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, R. E.; Naylor, H.; Barker, P. H.; Lovelock, D. M. J.; Smythe, R. M.

    1981-10-01

    The threshold energy for the reaction 14N(p, n) 14O has been determined to be 6353.02±0.08keV, yielding a corresponding energy release of 1808.25±0.10keV for the superallowed 14O decay. Using recent half-life values an ƒ Rt- value of 3084.4±1.1 s. is obtained for this decay.

  13. Q-valued neural network as a system of fast identification and pattern recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Alieva, D. I.; Kryzhanovsky, B. V.; V.M. Kryzhanovsky; Fonarev, A. B.

    2004-01-01

    An effective neural network algorithm of the perceptron type is proposed. The algorithm allows us to identify strongly distorted input vector reliably. It is shown that its reliability and processing speed are orders of magnitude higher than that of full connected neural networks. The processing speed of our algorithm exceeds the one of the stack fast-access retrieval algorithm that is modified for working when there are noises in the input channel.

  14. Q-value of the superallowed {beta} decay of {sup 62}Ga

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eronen, T. [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FIN-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland)]. E-mail: tommi.eronen@phys.jyu.fi; Elomaa, V. [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FIN-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Hager, U. [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FIN-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Hakala, J. [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FIN-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Jokinen, A. [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FIN-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Kankainen, A. [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FIN-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Moore, I. [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FIN-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Penttilae, H. [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FIN-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Rahaman, S. [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FIN-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Rinta-Antila, S. [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FIN-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Saastamoinen, A. [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FIN-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Sonoda, T. [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FIN-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Aystoe, J. [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FIN-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Bey, A.; Blank, B.; Canchel, G.; Dossat, C.; Giovinazzo, J.; Matea, I. [Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires de Bordeaux-Gradignan, Le Haut-Vigneau, F-33175 Gradignan cedex (France); Adimi, N. [Faculte de Physique, USTHB, BP32, El Alia, 16111 Bab Ezzouar, Alger (Algeria)

    2006-05-11

    Masses of the radioactive isotopes {sup 62}Ga, {sup 62}Zn and {sup 62}Cu have been measured at the JYFLTRAP facility with a relative precision of better than 1.8x10{sup -8}. A Q{sub EC} value of (9181.07{+-}0.54) keV for the superallowed decay of {sup 62}Ga is obtained from the measured cyclotron frequency ratios of {sup 62}Ga-{sup 62}Zn, {sup 62}Ga-{sup 62}Ni and {sup 62}Zn-{sup 62}Ni ions. The resulting Ft-value supports the validity of the conserved vector current hypothesis (CVC). The mass excess values measured were (-51986.5{+-}1.0) keV for {sup 62}Ga (-61167.9{+-}0.9) keV for {sup 62}Zn and (-62787.2{+-}0.9) keV for {sup 62}Cu.

  15. Q value and half-life of double-electron capture in Os-184

    CERN Document Server

    Smorra, C; Beyer, T; Blaum, K; Block, M; Düllmann, Ch E; Eberhardt, K; Eibach, M; Eliseev, S; Langanke, K; Martinez-Pinedo, G; Nagy, Sz; Nörtershäuser, W; Renisch, D; Shabaev, V M; Tupitsyn, I I; Zubova, N A

    2012-01-01

    Os-184 has been excluded as a promising candidate for the search of neutrinoless double-electron capture. High-precision mass measurements with the Penning-trap mass spectrometer TRIGA-TRAP resulted in a marginal resonant enhancement with = -8.89(58) keV excess energy to the 1322.152(22) keV 0+ excited state in W-184. State-of-the-art energy density functional calculations are applied for the evaluation of the nuclear matrix elements to the excited states predicting a strong suppression due to the large deformation of mother and daughter states. The half-life of the transition in Os-184 exceeds T_{1/2} > 1.3 10^{29} years for an effective neutrino mass of 1 eV.

  16. Modulating resonance modes and Q value of a CdS nanowire cavity by single Ag nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qing; Shan, Xin-Yan; Feng, Xiao; Wang, Chun-Xiao; Wang, Qu-Quan; Jia, Jin-Feng; Xue, Qi-Kun

    2011-10-12

    Semiconductor nanowire (NW) cavities with tailorable optical modes have been used to develop nanoscale oscillators and amplifiers in microlasers, sensors, and single photon emitters. The resonance modes of NW could be tuned by different boundary conditions. However, continuously and reversibly adjusting resonance modes and improving Q-factor of the cavity remain a great challenge. We report a method to modulate resonance modes continuously and reversibly and improve Q-factor based on surface plasmon-exciton interaction. By placing single Ag nanoparticle (NP) nearby a CdS NW, we show that the wavelength and relative intensity of the resonance modes in the NW cavity can systematically be tuned by adjusting the relative position of the Ag NP. We further demonstrate that a 56% enhancement of Q-factor and an equivalent π-phase shift of the resonance modes can be achieved when the Ag NP is located near the NW end. This hybrid cavity has potential applications in active plasmonic and photonic nanodevices.

  17. Q-value-based method of load balancing scheduling algorithm%基于Q值法的负载均衡调度算法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈拥权; 张羽; 胡翀豪; 楚瑾

    2013-01-01

    随着网络的普及,大型网络游戏的开发,网络超载与超负荷时常发生,如何在调度算法层面上实质性的改变这一状况成为当务之急.本文将具体介绍一种基于Q值法的负载均衡调度算法改变这一状况,该算法在国内属首创.

  18. NiO活性对高频低磁导率NiCuZn铁氧体Q值的影响%Effect of NiO Activity on the Q Value of High Frequency and Low Permeability NiCuZn Ferrite

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勤峰; 白本帅

    2008-01-01

    以不同工艺生产的NiO为原材料,制备了高频低磁导率NiCuZn铁氧体.用扫描电镜(SEM)分析原材料NiO的微观形态的差异,用X射线衍射(XRD)研究预烧后固相反应的进行状况,考察了不同NiO材料对低温烧结材料高频Q值的影响.研究发现,低温烧结条件下,高活性的NiO原材料能有效提高低磁导率NiCuZn铁氧体的高频Q值.

  19. Comprehensive Evaluation of Anterior Corneal Change in Asphericity Calculated by the Tangential Radius of Curvature after LASIK

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ying, Jinglu; Cai, Jianqiu; Zhu, Leru

    2017-01-01

    To evaluate the change in the anterior corneal asphericity (ΔQ) comprehensively calculated using the tangential radius (rt) after LASIK. Forty-two right eyes were evaluated using the Orbscan II corneal topographer. The pre- and postoperative Q-values of the flat principal semimeridians calculated by the sagittal radius were compared to those by the tangential radius. The Q-value of each semimeridian in the horizontal region was calculated by rt. Fourier fitting was used to model the 360-semimeridional variation of Q-values and to fit the Q-values in the vertical region before and after surgery. There were significant differences in Q-values between the two methods before (P < 0.001) and after surgery (P = 0.003). A significant increase in postoperative Q-value was detected compared to preoperative Q-value (P < 0.001) calculated by rt. The 360-semimeridional variation of the Q-values was well fitted with a third- and fourth-degree Fourier function before and after surgery. The ΔQ-value distribution presented double valley variation, with the amount of ΔQ being lowest in the near-vertical regions and highest in the near-horizontal regions. Calculating the Q-value with rt combined with Fourier fitting, we evaluated 360 ΔQ-values' variation of semimeridians of the entire anterior corneal surface and then displayed true and complete anterior corneal shape after LASIK.

  20. Photonic-assisted microwave frequency measurement system based on a silicon ORR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Jianfei; Shao, Haifeng; Li, Xia; Li, Yan; Dai, Tingge; Wang, Gencheng; Yang, Jianyi; Jiang, Xiaoqing; Yu, Hui

    2017-01-01

    A photonic-assisted instantaneous microwave frequency measurement (IFM) system is demonstrated with add-drop optical ring resonators (ORRs) on silicon-on-insulator (SOI) platform. By launching a double-sideband suppressed carrier modulated optical signal into the ring, a monotonous amplitude comparison function (ACF) irrespective of the amplitudes of both optical and RF signals is established to translate the RF frequency to the power ratio between the through and drop ports of the ring. Two experiments have been set up with two rings which have different Q values. Two 25 μm radius ORRs with Q values of 3974 and 25833 are used to offer different measurement ranges and accuracies. In the experiments the ORR with low Q value has a large measurement range of 0.5-35 GHz, and the other one with high Q value exhibits a high accuracy of 0.1 GHz in the frequency range of 0.1-5 GHz.

  1. A study on the characteristics of strong ground motions in southern Korea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bang, Chang Eob; Lee, Kie Hwa; Kang, Tae Seob [Seoul National Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2001-12-15

    Ground motion characteristics in southern Korea are analyzed such as the variations of ground motion durations depending on the hypocentral distance, the earthquake magnitude and the frequency contents of the motion, and the predominant frequency of the maximum ground motion, the ratio of the horizontal to the vertical component amplitudes, the frequency dependence of the Coda Q values, the local distribution of Lg Q values using recorded data sets.

  2. Study on estimate method of wave velocity and quality factor to fault seals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Zhensheng; LIU Deliang; LIU Bo; YANG Qiang; LI Jingming

    2005-01-01

    Based on ultrasonic test of fault rocks, the responses for wave velocity and quality factor (Q value) to lithology, porosity and permeability of fault rocks and mechanical property of faults are studied. In this paper, a new quantitative estimate method of fault seals is originally offered. The conclusions are as follows: (1) Wave velocity and Q value increase and porosity decreases with the increase in stress perpendicular to joint; (2) In compressive and compresso-shear fault rocks that are obviously anisotropic compared with their original rocks, the wave velocity and Q value are greater in the direction parallel with foliation, and usually less perpendicular to it. In tensile and tenso-shear fault rocks that are not obviously anisotropic, the wave velocity and Q value are under that of original rocks; (3) In foliated fault rocks, the direction with minimal wave velocity and Q value is the best direction for sealing; on the contrary it is the best for flowing; (4) Structural factures develop mainly along foliation, the minimal wave velocity and Q value reflect the flowing capacity in parallel direction to foliation, and the maximal wave velocity as well as Q value reflect the sealing capacity in normal direction to foliation. The new estimate method is based upon contrast of wave velocity and Q value between fault rocks and their original rocks, and is divided into three parts that are respectively to identify rock's lithology, to judge mechanic property of faults and to Judge sealing capacity of faults. Although there is vast scale effect between ultrasonic wave and seismic wave, they have similar regularity of response to fabric and porosity of faults. This research offers new application for seismic data and petrophysical basis for seismological estimation of fault seals. The estimate precision will be improved with the enhancement of three-dimensional seismic prospecting work.

  3. Software-Synchronized All-Optical Sampling for Fiber Communication Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westlund, Mathias; Sunnerud, Henrik; Karlsson, Magnus; Andrekson, Peter A.

    2005-03-01

    This paper describes a software-synchronized all-optical sampling system that presents synchronous eye diagrams and data patterns as well as calculates accurate Q values without requiring clock recovery. A synchronization algorithm is presented that calculates the offset frequency between the data bit rate and the sampling rate, and as a result, synchronous eye diagrams can be presented. The algorithm is shown to be robust toward poor signal quality and adds less than 100-fs timing drift to the eye diagrams. An extension of the software synchronization algorithm makes it possible to automatically find the pattern length of a periodic data pattern in a data signal. As a result, individual pulses can be investigated and detrimental effects present on the data signal can be identified. Noise averaging can also be applied. To measure accurate Q values without clock recovery, a high sampling rate is required in order to establish the noise statistics of the measured signal before any timing drift occurs. This paper presents a system with a 100-MHz sampling rate that measures accurate Q values at bit rates as high as 160 Gb/s. The high bandwidth of the optical sampling system also contributes to sampling more noise, which in turn results in lower Q values compared with conventional electrical sampling with a lower bandwidth. A theory that estimates the optically sampled Q values as a function of the sampling gate width is proposed and experimentally verified.

  4. Inversion of source parameters for moderate and small earthquakes in Beijing region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LAN Cong-xin; LIU Jie; ZHENG Si-hua; MA Shi-zhen; LI Ju-zhen

    2005-01-01

    According to the geological structural features, Beijing and the adjacent areas can be divided into two regions of plain in the east and mountain in the west. Among the stations covered by the telemetered digital seismic station network of Earthquake Administration of Beijing Municipality, the stations in the plain area are all borehole ones and the stations in the western mountainous region are all located on the surface bedrock. In the paper, 511 waveform data recorded by the network from Oct. 2001 to Oct. 2004 are used in the researches for the entire Beijing region, the western mountainous region and the eastern plain area, respectively. The Q values are calculated for each area by Atkinson's method and compared with the existed data. The reliability of the Q values and the reasons for the difference in the Q values are also discussed. Then, the source parameters and site response are inverted by the Moya's method, in which two models are used. The first model uses the Q values, earthquakes and stations in the sub-areas and the second model uses the Q values, earthquakes and stations in the entire Beijing region. The results indicate that the source parameters and site responses obtained by two models are basically consistent with each other. It also indicates that the source parameters obtained by these methods are not affected by the size of station network.

  5. Anti-cluster Decay and Anti-alpha Decay of Antimatter nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Poenaru, D N; Greiner, W

    2015-01-01

    A broad extension of periodic system into the sector of antimatter could be possible sometimes in a remote future. We expect that anti-alpha spontaneous emission from an antimatter nucleus will have the same Q-value and half-life as alpha emission from the corresponding mirror nucleus. This is the consequence of the invariance of binding energy as well as of the surface and Coulomb energy when passing from matter to antimatter nuclei with the the same mass number and the same atomic number. The Q-values and half-lives of all measured up to now 27 cluster radioactivities are given together with Q-values and half-lives of the most important competitor --- $\\alpha$ decay. The lightest anti-alpha emitter, $^8\\bar{Be}$, will have a very short half-life of about $81.9\\cdot 10^{-18}$ s.

  6. Purcell enhancement of fast-dephasing spontaneous emission from electron-hole droplets in high-Q silicon photonic crystal nanocavities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumikura, Hisashi; Kuramochi, Eiichi; Taniyama, Hideaki; Notomi, Masaya

    2016-11-01

    We have observed electron-hole droplet emission enhanced by silicon photonic crystal nanocavities with different Q values and simulated their Purcell effect using a semiclassical theory considering the temporal dephasing of the emission. When the photon loss rate of the nanocavities is smaller than the dephasing rate of the emission, the cavity-enhanced integrated photoluminescence (PL) intensity is unchanged by the cavity Q value. This is because the Purcell enhancement of the spontaneous emission rate is saturated in a high-Q region. In contrast, the peak intensity of the cavity-enhanced PL is proportional to the cavity Q value without saturation. These results suggest that a high-Q nanocavity is suitable for fabricating bright narrowband light emitting devices that concentrate the broadband emission energy of fast-dephasing emitters in a narrowband cavity resonance.

  7. NUCLEAR AND HEAVY ION PHYSICS: α-decay half-lives of superheavy nuclei and general predictions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Jian-Min; Zhang, Hong-Fei; Wang, Yan-Zhao; Zuo, Wei; Su, Xin-Ning; Li, Jun-Qing

    2009-08-01

    The generalized liquid drop model (GLDM) and the cluster model have been employed to calculate the α-decay half-lives of superheavy nuclei (SHN) using the experimental α-decay Q values. The results of the cluster model are slightly poorer than those from the GLDM if experimental Q values are used. The prediction powers of these two models with theoretical Q values from Audi et al. (QAudi) and Muntian et al. (QM) have been tested to find that the cluster model with QAudi and QM could provide reliable results for Z > 112 but the GLDM with QAudi for Z <= 112. The half-lives of some still unknown nuclei are predicted by these two models and these results may be useful for future experimental assignment and identification.

  8. Role of neutron transfer processes on the 6Li+120Sn and 7Li+119Sn fusion reactions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fisichella M.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The results concerning the study of 6Li+120Sn and 7Li+119Sn systems are presented. These two sistems are characterised by very similar structures of the interacting nuclei and by different Q-value for one-and two- neutron transfer. Our aim is to disentangle the possible effects due to the different n-transfer Q-values, at sub-barriers energies, by comparing the two fusion excitation function. In these experiments the fusion cross section has been measured by using a stack activation technique. No particular differences in the two fusion excitation functions have been observed.

  9. Surface micromachined scanning mirrors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mattsson, Kent Erik

    1992-01-01

    Both aluminum cantilever and torsional scanning mirrors have been fabricated and their static and dynamic properties are studied experimentally and theoretically. The experiments showed resonance frequencies in the range of 163 k-Hz - 632 kHz for cantilever beams with Q values between 5 and 11....... Torsional mirrors showed resonance frequencies in the range of 410 kHz - 667 kHz with Q values of 10 - 17. All measurements performed at atmospheric pressure. Both types of mechanical structures were deflected electrostatically at large angles (± 5°) more than 1011 times without breaking and without any...

  10. The charged current neutrino cross section for solar neutrinos, and background to \\BBz\\ experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Ejiri, H

    2013-01-01

    Solar neutrinos can interact with the source isotope in neutrinoless double beta decay experiments through charged current and neutral current interactions. The charged-current product nucleus will then beta decay with a Q-value larger than the double beta decay Q-value. As a result, this process can populate the region of interest and be a background to the double beta decay signal. In this paper we estimate the solar neutrino capture rates on three commonly used double beta decay isotopes, \

  11. Relativistic mean field description of cluster radioactivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhagwat, A.; Gambhir, Y. K.

    2005-01-01

    Comprehensive investigations of the observed cluster radioactivity are carried out. First, the relativistic mean field (RMF) theory is employed for the calculations of the ground-state properties of relevant nuclei. The calculations reproduce the experiment well. The calculated RMF point densities are folded with the density-dependent M3Y nucleon-nucleon interaction to obtain the cluster-daughter interaction potential. This, along with the calculated and experimental Q values, is used in the WKB approximation for estimating the half-lives of the parent nuclei against cluster decay. The calculations qualitatively agree with the experiment. Sensitive dependence of the half-lives on Q values is explicitly demonstrated.

  12. Studies on high order mode of bell-shaped prototype cavities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Aluminium and copper prototype cavities were designed to study higher order modes(HOM).An automatic field mapping system was developed with LabVIEW to measure the adiofrequency(RF)charac teristics,such as resonant frequency,Q-value,shunt impedance and electromagnetic field distribution of the higher-order modes in a model RF cavity.Two kinds of the bell-shaped cavities were measured using the field mapping system,their frequencies are 1.5 GHz and 800 MHz respectively.The fields' distributions of the monopole modes and dipole modes,as well the R/Q values,were measured.

  13. Optical bistability in a high-Q racetrack resonator based on small SU-8 ridge waveguides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Li; Fu, Xin; Yang, Bo; Shi, Yaocheng; Dai, Daoxin

    2013-06-15

    A racetrack resonator with a high Q value (~34,000) is demonstrated experimentally based on small SU-8 optical ridge waveguides, which were fabricated with an improved etchless process. Optical bistability is observed in the present racetrack resonator even with a low input optical power (5.6-7.3 mW), which is attributed to the significant thermal nonlinear optical effect due to the high Q value and the large negative thermo-optical coefficient of SU-8. Theoretical modeling for the optical bistability is also given, and it agrees well with the experimental result.

  14. A Machine Learning Approach to Automated Negotiation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Huaxiang(张化祥); Zhang Liang; Huang Shangteng; Ma Fanyuan

    2004-01-01

    Automated negotiation between two competitive agents is analyzed, and a multi-issue negotiation model based on machine learning, time belief, offer belief and state-action pair expected Q value is developed. Unlike the widely used approaches such as game theory approach, heuristic approach and argumentation approach, This paper uses a machine learning method to compute agents' average Q values in each negotiation stage. The delayed reward is used to generate agents' offer and counteroffer of every issue. The effect of time and discount rate on negotiation outcome is analyzed. Theory analysis and experimental data show this negotiation model is practical.

  15. Elements from chlorine to calcium nuclear reactions

    CERN Document Server

    Kunz, Wunibald

    1968-01-01

    Nuclear Tables: Part II Nuclear Reactions, Volume 3: The Elements from Chlorine to Calcium contains tabulations of the nuclear reaction values of elements chlorine, argon, potassium, and calcium. These tabulations provide the calculated Q-values of the elements and their isotopes. This book will be of value to general chemistry researchers.

  16. Monolithic thin film SAW (Surface Acoustic Wave) structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunshor, R. L.; Datta, S.; Pierret, R. F.

    1984-09-01

    A new storage correlator is presented. The characteristics are long storage and ease of fabrication. Very large Q values for SAW (on-silicon) resonators are reported. New device concepts involving AlGaAs-GaAs double heterostructures are proposed.

  17. The use of 1H-NMR spectroscopy and refractometry for investigation of the distribution of nonelectrolytes of N-alcohol series between human red blood cells and extracellular medium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kucherenko, Y U; Moiseev, V A

    2000-01-01

    Comparative analysis of 1H NMR spectroscopy and refractometry with respect to their application for investigating the distribution of nonelectrolytes of n-alcohol series (ethanol, 1,2-propanediol, glycerol) and polyethylene glycols (PEGs) with molecular masses of 400, 600, 1500 between human erythrocytes and extracellular medium was performed. The distribution coefficients (Q) for solutions of ethanol, 1,2-propanediol, glycerol, PEG-400, PEG-600 and PEG-1500 were obtained. The Q values decreased with the increase in the nonelectrolyte molecular mass from 1.23+/-0.12 for ethanol to 0.40+/-0.08 for PEG-1500 (1H NMR spectroscopy) and from 2.6+/-0.12 for ethanol to 0.23+/-0.03 for PEG-1500 (refractometry). It was shown that 1H-NMR high-resolution spectroscopy ensures more precise determination of Q values for nonelectrolytes with low molecular masses; for PEGs with high molecular masses, the accuracy of Q value calculation by this method was about 20%. On the contrary, refractometry can be used for investigating substances with high molecular masses; the error of Q value determination for solution of low-refractive substances, such as ethanol, may be more than 50%.

  18. Design of high Isolation benzocyclobutene microring resonator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    We report the design of benzocyclobutene microring resonator of symmetric coupling made of a readily available polymer with a higher isolation of 43.8 dB, a finesse of 34, and a Q value of 1.5 × 10s. The FDTD method predicts a drop efficiencyof almost 80% for a gap of 0.55μm.

  19. On the Stability of a Magnetized Disk with a Massive Corotating Halo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHOU Chih-Kang; PENG Qiu-He

    2001-01-01

    The effects of magnetic fields on the stability of a differentially rotating disk are considered in the shearing sheetapproximation. An explicit stability criterion is derived in terms of Toomre's Q value and the field strength. Thecombined effects of both magnetic fields and a corotating dark matter halo are briefly discussed.

  20. Beta-decay energies and masses of neutron-deficient rubidium and caesium isotopes

    CERN Document Server

    D'Auria, J M; Westgaard, L; Nyman, G H; Peuser, P; Roeckl, E; Otto, H

    1976-01-01

    Total beta-decay energies were measured by a beta-gamma coincidence method for /sup 76/Rb, /sup 78/Rb, /sup 118/Cs, /sup 120/Cs and /sup 122/Cs. The resulting Q-values and masses together with experimental data from the literature are compared with mass formulae, with particular emphasis on Kr and Rb isotopes in the N=Z region.

  1. Improvement of the Energy Resolution via an Optimized Digital Signal Processing in GERDA Phase I

    CERN Document Server

    Agostini, M; Bakalyarov, A M; Balata, M; Barabanov, I; Barros, N; Baudis, L; Bauer, C; Becerici-Schmidt, N; Bellotti, E; Belogurov, S; Belyaev, S T; Benato, G; Bettini, A; Bezrukov, L; Bode, T; Borowicz, D; Brudanin, V; Brugnera, R; Budjáš, D; Caldwell, A; Cattadori, C; Chernogorov, A; D'Andrea, V; Demidova, E V; di Vacri, A; Domula, A; Doroshkevich, E; Egorov, V; Falkenstein, R; Fedorova, O; Freund, K; Frodyma, N; Gangapshev, A; Garfagnini, A; Grabmayr, P; Gurentsov, V; Gusev, K; Hegai, A; Heisel, M; Hemmer, S; Heusser, G; Hofmann, W; Hult, M; Inzhechik, L V; Csáthy, J Janicskó; Jochum, J; Junker, M; Kazalov, V; Kihm, T; Kirpichnikov, I V; Kirsch, A; Klimenko, A; Knöpfle, K T; Kochetov, O; Kornoukhov, V N; Kuzminov, V V; Laubenstein, M; Lazzaro, A; Lebedev, V I; Lehnert, B; Liao, H Y; Lindner, M; Lippi, I; Lubashevskiy, A; Lubsandorzhiev, B; Lutter, G; Macolino, C; Majorovits, B; Maneschg, W; Medinaceli, E; Misiaszek, M; Moseev, P; Nemchenok, I; Palioselitis, D; Panas, K; Pandola, L; Pelczar, K; Pullia, A; Riboldi, S; Rumyantseva, N; Sada, C; Salathe, M; Schmitt, C; Schneider, B; Schönert, S; Schreiner, J; Schütz, A -K; Schulz, O; Schwingenheuer, B; Selivanenko, O; Shirchenko, M; Simgen, H; Smolnikov, A; Stanco, L; Stepaniuk, M; Ur, C A; Vanhoefer, L; Vasenko, A A; Veresnikova, A; von Sturm, K; Wagner, V; Walter, M; Wegmann, A; Wester, T; Wilsenach, H; Wojcik, M; Yanovich, E; Zavarise, P; Zhitnikov, I; Zhukov, S V; Zinatulina, D; Zuber, K; Zuzel, G

    2015-01-01

    An optimized digital shaping filter has been developed for the GERDA experiment which searches for neutrinoless double beta decay in 76Ge. The GERDA Phase I energy calibration data have been reprocessed and an average improvement of 0.3 keV in energy resolution (FWHM) at the 76Ge Q value for 0\

  2. Kic size effect study on two high-strength steels using notched bend specimens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stonesifer, F. R.

    1974-01-01

    Five methods are used to calculate plane strain fracture toughness (K sub Q) values for bend-specimens of various sizes from two high-strength steels. None of the methods appeared to satisfactorily predict valid stress intensity factor (K sub IC) values from specimens of sizes well below that required by E399 standard tests.

  3. State selective capture by highly charged Xe ions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hasan, V. G.; Knoop, S.; Morgenstern, R.; Hoekstra, R.; McCullough, RW; Currell, FJ; Greenwood, J; Gribakin, G; Scott, MP

    2007-01-01

    Single-electron capture in collisions of highly charged ions Xe18+ and Xe24+ with Na atoms is investigated by measuring the momenta of the Na recoil ions. The Q-value spectrum in Xe18+ + Na collisions shows capture into lower n states compared with Classical over-barrier model (CBM) calculations.

  4. Evaluation of chromium neutron and gamma production cross sections for ENDF/IV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prince, A.

    1976-08-01

    A re-evaluation has been made of neutron and gamma production cross sections for reactions of neutrons with /sup 50/,/sup 52/,/sup 53/,/sup 54/Cr and natural Cr. In addition, energy level schemes and Q values are presented. 97 references. (SDF)

  5. Estimation of seismic quality factor: Artificial neural networks and current approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yıldırım, Eray; Saatçılar, Ruhi; Ergintav, Semih

    2017-01-01

    The aims of this study are to estimate soil attenuation using alternatives to traditional methods, to compare results of using these methods, and to examine soil properties using the estimated results. The performances of all methods, amplitude decay, spectral ratio, Wiener filter, and artificial neural network (ANN) methods, are examined on field and synthetic data with noise and without noise. High-resolution seismic reflection field data from Yeniköy (Arnavutköy, İstanbul) was used as field data, and 424 estimations of Q values were made for each method (1,696 total). While statistical tests on synthetic and field data are quite close to the Q value estimation results of ANN, Wiener filter, and spectral ratio methods, the amplitude decay methods showed a higher estimation error. According to previous geological and geophysical studies in this area, the soil is water-saturated, quite weak, consisting of clay and sandy units, and, because of current and past landslides in the study area and its vicinity, researchers reported heterogeneity in the soil. Under the same physical conditions, Q value calculated on field data can be expected to be 7.9 and 13.6. ANN models with various structures, training algorithm, input, and number of neurons are investigated. A total of 480 ANN models were generated consisting of 60 models for noise-free synthetic data, 360 models for different noise content synthetic data and 60 models to apply to the data collected in the field. The models were tested to determine the most appropriate structure and training algorithm. In the final ANN, the input vectors consisted of the difference of the width, energy, and distance of seismic traces, and the output was Q value. Success rate of both ANN methods with noise-free and noisy synthetic data were higher than the other three methods. Also according to the statistical tests on estimated Q value from field data, the method showed results that are more suitable. The Q value can be estimated

  6. Using van Hove singularities of the two-phonon density of states to investigate the intrinsically localized vibrations of NaI crystal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agyare, Benjamin; Riseborough, Peter

    2017-01-01

    Intrinsically Localized Modes (ILMs) have purportedly been observed in NaI but only for wave-vectors, q at the corner of the 3-D Brillouin Zone. It has been suggested that, for high-symmetry q vectors, several van Hove singularities may converge at one frequency producing a large peak in the two-phonon density of state and giving rise to ILMs with these q values. We fit the experimentally determined acoustic and the optic phonon modes using a nearest neighbor and a next-nearest neighbor force constant. We find that the two-phonon density of states, for fixed q exhibits non-divergent van Hove singularities. The frequencies of these features are found to vary as q is varied. We intend to search for q values at which the two-phonon density of states is enhanced and then examine whether the anharmonic interactions can bind the two-phonon excitations to produce a quantized ILM.

  7. Hydrodynamic Behavior of Overtopping Wave Energy Converters Built in Sea Defense Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Victor, Lander; Kofoed, Jens Peter; Troch, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Many sea defense structures need to be adapted to the rising sea water level and changing wave climate due to global warming. The accordingly required investment opens perspectives for wave energy converters (WECs) – that are built as part of the sea defense structures – to become economically...... viable. In this paper the average overtopping discharges q of overtopping wave energy devices built in sea defense structures are studied. Physical model tests with this type of devices have been carried out in a wave flume leading to experimental q - values. The experimental q -values are compared...... with predicted average overtopping discharges by existing empirical formulae from literature. Overtopping converters have low relative crest freeboards and smooth slope characteristics to maximize overtopping, which is contradictive to the basic role of sea defense structures. As a consequence, the achieved...

  8. In-Medium K+ and K- Production and K- Condensation in Supernova Matter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Hua; ZHOU Ran; LIU Yu-Xin; LIU Bo; LI Xi-Guo

    2004-01-01

    @@ In-medium effects and neutrino trapping on K+ and K- production and K- condensation in supernova matter are investigated in a chiral hadronic model. Our results show that neutrino trapping shifts the critical density for K- condensation to higher density, the Q values for K+ and K- production are not sensitive to neutrino trapping, in-medium effects decrease the Q values for NN → NNK+ K- and ∧N → NNK- and increase those for NN → N∧K+, K-p →∧π0 and K-n →∧π- as the density of supernova matter increases. Moreover,it is shown that neutrino trapping decreases the maximum masses of protoneutron stars compared with the neutrino-free case.

  9. Femtosecond Optical Trapping of Cells: Efficiency and Viability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GONG Jixian; LI Fang; XING Qirong

    2009-01-01

    The femtosecond optical trapping capability and the effect of femtosecond laser pulses on cell viability were studied. The maximum lateral velocity at which the particles just failed to be trapped, together with the measured average trapping power, were used to calculate the lateral trapping force(Q-value). The viability of the cells after femtosecond laser trapping was ascertained by vital staining. Measurement of the Q-values shows that femtosecond optical tweezers are just as effective as continuous wave optical tweezers. The experiments demonstrate that there is a critical limit for expo-sure time at each corresponding laser power of femtosecond optical tweezers, and femtosecond laser tweezers are safe for optical trapping at low power with short exposure time.

  10. Ultrahigh-Q photonic crystal nanocavities in wide optical telecommunication bands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terawaki, Ryo; Takahashi, Yasushi; Chihara, Masahiro; Inui, Yoshitaka; Noda, Susumu

    2012-09-24

    We have studied the feasibility of extending the operating wavelength range of high-Q silicon nanocavities above and below the 1.55 μm wavelength band, while maintaining Q factors of more than one million. We have succeeded in developing such nanocavities in the optical telecommunication bands from 1.27 μm to 1.50 μm. Very high Q values of more than two million were obtained even for the 1.30 μm band. The Q values increase proportionally to the resonant wavelength because the scattering loss decreases. We have also analyzed the influence of absorption due to surface water. We conclude that high-Q nanocavities are feasible for an even wider wavelength region including parts of the mid-infrared.

  11. Alpha and light nucleus emission within a generalized liquid drop model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Royer, G.; Bonilla, C.; Moustabchir, R.

    2002-11-01

    The potential energy governing the spontaneous α, C, O, F, Ne, Mg and Si emissions has been determined within a generalized liquid drop model including the proximity effects between the emitted light nucleus and the daughter one and taking into account empirically the experimental Q value. The decay path has been described by a quasi-molecular shape sequence leading rapidly to two spherical touching nuclei before crossing the barrier. The partial half-lives deduced from the WKB barrier penetration probabability are in very good agreement with experimental data and accurate analytical expressions are proposed. The partial half-lives of the Be, Li, He and H sub-barrier emissions have been calculated by adding an excitation energy to the Q value and new formulae are given.

  12. Most probable charge of fission products in proton-induced fission of sup 2 sup 3 sup 8 U and sup 2 sup 3 sup 2 Th

    CERN Document Server

    Kaji, D; Kudo, H; Fujita, M; Shinozuka, T; Fujioka, M

    2002-01-01

    The charge distributions of fission products in proton-induced fission of sup 2 sup 3 sup 8 U and sup 2 sup 3 sup 2 Th were measured in a wide mass range. The most probable charges lay on the proton-rich side in the light fragment region and on the proton-deficient side in the heavy one compared with the unchanged charge distribution hypothesis. This result implies that the charge polarization occurs in the fission process. The charge polarization was examined with respect to the ground-state Q values. The estimations by the Q values fairly well reproduced the experimental most probable charges. These results suggest that the fission path to the most favorable charge division may go through the most energetically favorable path at scission point. (author)

  13. Resonance locking as the source of rapid tidal migration in the Jupiter and Saturn moon systems

    CERN Document Server

    Fuller, Jim; Quataert, Eliot

    2016-01-01

    The inner moons of Jupiter and Saturn migrate outwards due to tidal energy dissipation within the planets, the details of which remain poorly understood. We demonstrate that resonance locking between moons and internal oscillation modes of the planet can produce rapid tidal migration. Resonance locking arises due to the internal structural evolution of the planet and typically produces an outward migration rate comparable to the age of the solar system. Resonance locking predicts a similar migration timescale but a different effective tidal quality factor Q for each moon. It also predicts nearly constant migration timescales a function of semi-major axis, such that effective Q values were larger in the past. Recent measurements of Jupiter and Saturn's moon systems find effective Q values that are smaller than expected (and are different between moons), and which correspond to migration timescales of roughly 10 Gyr. If confirmed, the measurements are broadly consistent with resonance locking as the dominant so...

  14. Non-extensive thermodynamics and neutron star properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menezes, Debora P. [Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Departamento de Fisica - CFM -, Florianopolis (Brazil); Deppman, Airton [Universidade de Sao Paulo, Instituto de Fisica, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Megias, Eugenio [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik (Werner-Heisenberg-Institut), Munich (Germany); Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Grup de Fisica Teorica and IFAE, Departament de Fisica, Barcelona (Spain); Castro, Luis B. [Universidade Federal do Maranhao, Departamento de Fisica, Sao Luis (Brazil)

    2015-12-15

    In the present work we apply non-extensive statistics to obtain equations of state suitable to describe stellar matter and verify its effects on microscopic and macroscopic quantities. Two snapshots of the star evolution are considered and the direct Urca process is investigated with two different parameter sets. q-values are chosen as 1.05 and 1.14. The equations of state are only slightly modified, but the effects are enough to produce stars with slightly higher maximum masses. The onsets of the constituents are more strongly affected and the internal stellar temperature decreases with the increase of the q-value, with consequences on the strangeness and cooling rates of the stars. (orig.)

  15. Signatures of statistical decay

    CERN Document Server

    Horn, D; Bowman, D R; Galindo-Uribarri, A; Hagberg, E; Laforest, R; Pouliot, J; Walker, R B; Horn, D; Bowman, D R; Galindo-Uribarri, A; Hagberg, E; Laforest, R; Pouliot, J; Walker, R B

    1995-01-01

    The partition of decay energy between the kinetic energy of reaction products and their Q-value of formation is obtained in a statistical derivation appropriate to highly excited nuclei, and is shown to be in a constant ratio. We measure the kinetic energy fraction, R = \\Sigma E_{kin}/(\\Sigma E_{kin} + \\Sigma Q_0), over a wide range of excitation energy for well-defined systems formed in the Cl + C reaction at 35A MeV. Relationships between excitation energy, charged-particle multiplicity, and intermediate-mass-fragment multiplicity, observed in this work and in recent experiments by a number of other groups, follow from the derivation of the average kinetic energies and Q-values.

  16. Central Peaks and Soft Modes in Praseodymium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Houmann, Jens Christian Gylden; Lebech, Bente; Mackintosh, A. R.

    1977-01-01

    The dhcp allotrope of Pr is a singlet ground-state system which is very close to magnetic ordering at low temperatures. We have observed quasi-elastic magnetic scattering around the q-value in the directions at which the disperion relations for the magnetic excitations have a minimum energy....... The excitations were measured along all symmetry lines in the zone, and the dependence of the energies and lifetimes on the temperature and magnetic field was investigated....

  17. Simple and flexible SAS and SPSS programs for analyzing lag-sequential categorical data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connor, B P

    1999-11-01

    This paper describes simple and flexible programs for analyzing lag-sequential categorical data, using SAS and SPSS. The programs read a stream of codes and produce a variety of lag-sequential statistics, including transitional frequencies, expected transitional frequencies, transitional probabilities, adjusted residuals, z values, Yule's Q values, likelihood ratio tests of stationarity across time and homogeneity across groups or segments, transformed kappas for unidirectional dependence, bidirectional dependence, parallel and nonparallel dominance, and significance levels based on both parametric and randomization tests.

  18. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for F-35 (Fluorine)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume A `Nuclei with Z = 1 - 54' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms'. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope F-35 (Fluorine, atomic number Z = 9, mass number A = 35).

  19. Credit Crunch, Creditor Protection, and Asset Prices

    OpenAIRE

    Galina Hale; Assaf Razin; Hui Tong

    2008-01-01

    In a Tobin's q model with productivity and liquidity shocks, we study the mechanism through which strong creditor protection increases the level and lowers the volatility of stock market prices. There are two channels at work: (1) the Tobin's q value under a credit crunch regime increases with creditor protection; and, (2) the probability of a credit crunch falls for given stochastic processes of underlying shocks when creditor protection improves. We test these predictions by using cross-cou...

  20. Ultrahigh-Q nanocavity with 1D photonic gap.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Notomi, M; Kuramochi, E; Taniyama, H

    2008-07-21

    Recently, various wavelength-sized cavities with theoretical Q values of approximately 10(8) have been reported, however, they all employ 2D or 3D photonic band gaps to realize strong light confinement. Here we numerically demonstrate that ultrahigh-Q (2.0x10(8)) and wavelength-sized (V(eff) approximately 1.4(lambda/n)3) cavities can be achieved by employing only 1D periodicity.

  1. Oscillatory Response of a Beam to a Transverse Kick

    CERN Multimedia

    1974-01-01

    When a circulating beam receives a transverse kick, it begins to perform coherent betatron oscillations. Their amplitude depends on strength, length and temporal shape of the kick, and on the Q-value (betatron tune) of the accelerator or storage ring. A calculation of a response function is shown in 3-dimensional presentation with the means of 1974: graph paper glued on cardboard stuck in a slotted base-plate.

  2. Low Loss Substrates for Microwave Applications and Sol-Gel Processing of Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-03-31

    organic precursors; (ii) forming a sol and causing it to gel as the key step in the process to retain chemical homogeneity during desiccation; and (iii...ceramics. 6 The dielectric properties of single crystals were candidalte2at)Orityp wereiprevioushy exel corediesectrich examined: the Q value...under Contract No. DNO0014-90. techniques (e.g., laser ablation and metal- organic chemical J-4140. vapor deposition) rather than liquid phase growth

  3. Design and Characterization of Vertical Mesh Capacitors in Standard CMOS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Kåre Tais

    2001-01-01

    This paper shows how good RF capacitors can be made in a standard digital CMOS process. The capacitors which are also well suited for binary weighted switched capacitor banks show very good RF performance: Q-values of 57 at 4.0 GHz, a density of 0.27 fF/μ2, 2.2 μm wide shielded unit capacitors, 6...

  4. Optimal Response Learning and Its Convergence in Multiagent Domains

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Hua-xiang; HUANG Shang-teng; LE Jia-jin

    2005-01-01

    In multiagent reinforcement learning, with different assumptions of the opponents' policies, an agent adopts quite different learning rules, and gets different learning performances. We prove that, in nultiagent domains, convergence of the Q values is guaranteed only when an agent behaves optimally and its opponents' strategies satisfy certain conditions, and an agent can get best learning performances when it adopts the same learning algorithm as that of its opponents.

  5. Model-free stochastic processes studied with q-wavelet-based informational tools

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez, D.G. [Instituto de Fisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso (PUCV), 23-40025 Valparaiso (Chile)]. E-mail: dario.perez@ucv.cl; Zunino, L. [Centro de Investigaciones Opticas, C.C. 124 Correo Central, 1900 La Plata (Argentina) and Departamento de Ciencias Basicas, Facultad de Ingenieria, Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP), 1900 La Plata (Argentina) and Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, 1900 La Plata (Argentina)]. E-mail: lucianoz@ciop.unlp.edu.ar; Martin, M.T. [Instituto de Fisica (IFLP), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata and Argentina' s National Council (CONICET), C.C. 727, 1900 La Plata (Argentina)]. E-mail: mtmartin@venus.unlp.edu.ar; Garavaglia, M. [Centro de Investigaciones Opticas, C.C. 124 Correo Central, 1900 La Plata (Argentina) and Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, 1900 La Plata (Argentina)]. E-mail: garavagliam@ciop.unlp.edu.ar; Plastino, A. [Instituto de Fisica (IFLP), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata and Argentina' s National Council (CONICET), C.C. 727, 1900 La Plata (Argentina)]. E-mail: plastino@venus.unlp.edu.ar; Rosso, O.A. [Chaos and Biology Group, Instituto de Calculo, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellon II, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Ciudad de Buenos Aires (Argentina)]. E-mail: oarosso@fibertel.com.ar

    2007-04-30

    We undertake a model-free investigation of stochastic processes employing q-wavelet based quantifiers, that constitute a generalization of their Shannon counterparts. It is shown that (i) interesting physical information becomes accessible in such a way (ii) for special q values the quantifiers are more sensitive than the Shannon ones and (iii) there exist an implicit relationship between the Hurst parameter H and q within this wavelet framework.

  6. Investigation of the 33S(d,p)34S reaction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baan, J.G. van der; Sikora, B.R.

    1971-01-01

    Angular distributions have been measured of proton groups, corresponding to 34S states up to Ex = 6.63 MeV excited in the reaction 33S(d, p)34S at Ed = 12 MeV, with the use of a split-pole magnetic spectrograph. The ground state Q-value has been measured as Qo = 9195±6 keV. A DWBA analysis yields ln

  7. Non-extensive analysis of seismicity: application to some seismic sequences of Morocco

    CERN Document Server

    Telesca, Luciano; Rouai, Mohamed

    2011-01-01

    The magnitude distribution of three seismic sequences occurred in Morocco were investigated by means of the Tsallis-based non-extensive analysis. The non-extensive parameters were estimated by means of the Levenberg-Marquadt nonlinear least square fitting method. It was found that the q value could be a good indicator of the complexity of seismic phenomena. Such findings could contribute in better understanding the dynamics of seismicity and suggesting a unifying view of earthquake occurrence.

  8. 4 x 10 Gb/s terrestrial optical free space transmission over 1.2 km using an EDFA preamplifier with 100 GHz channel spacing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, D Y; Hurh, Y S; Cho, J W; Lim, J H; Lee, D W; Lee, J S; Chung, Y

    2000-10-09

    We demonstrate a transmission of 4 x 10 Gb/s WDM channels over 1.2 km of free space in 1.55-microm band. The transmitted beam is coupled into a single-mode fiber through a fiber-pigtailed collimator, which enables the use of standard 100-GHz channel spacing and an optical preamplifier at the receiver. All the received channels have Q values higher than 6.

  9. Design aspects and comparison between high Tc superconducting coplanar waveguide and microstrip line

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, K. S.; Bhasin, K. B.; Itoh, T.

    1991-01-01

    The high T sub c superconducting microstrip line and coplanar waveguide are compared in terms of the loss characteristics and the design aspects. The quality factor Q values for each structure are compared in respect to the same characteristic impedance with the comparable dimensions of the center conductor of the coplanar waveguide and the strip of the microstrip line. Also, the advantages and disadvantages for each structure are discussed in respect to passive microwave circuit applications.

  10. Design aspects and comparison between high T(sub c) superconducting coplanar waveguide and microstrip line

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, K. S.; Bhasin, K. B.; Itoh, T.

    1991-01-01

    The high T sub c superconducting microstrip line and coplanar waveguide are compared in terms of the loss characteristics and the design aspects. The quality factor Q values for each structure are compared in respect to the same characteristic impedance with the comparable dimensions of the center conductor of the coplanar waveguide and the strip of the microstrip line. Also, the advantages and disadvantages for each structure are discussed in respect to passive microwave circuit applications.

  11. SAR Image Complex Pixel Representations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doerry, Armin W. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2015-03-01

    Complex pixel values for Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images of uniform distributed clutter can be represented as either real/imaginary (also known as I/Q) values, or as Magnitude/Phase values. Generally, these component values are integers with limited number of bits. For clutter energy well below full-scale, Magnitude/Phase offers lower quantization noise than I/Q representation. Further improvement can be had with companding of the Magnitude value.

  12. Quadrupole polarizabilities of F-, Cl-, and Br- using Ξa theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lata, N. Madhavi; Sen, K. D.

    1990-09-01

    Quadrupole polarizabilities αq have been calculated using Ξa wave functions and the Sternheimer charge-perturbed differential equation procedure for F-, Cl-, and Br-, respectively. It is shown that self-interaction correction with the proper choice of the exchange parameter, aKLI (KLI is Kulback-Leibler information measure), the calculated αq values are close to the corresponding Hartree-Fock estimates.

  13. Characteristics of Ion Activation and Collision Induced Dissociation Using Digital Ion Trap Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Fuxing; Dang, Qiankun; Dai, Xinhua; Fang, Xiang; Wang, Yuanyuan; Ding, Li; Ding, Chuan-Fan

    2016-08-01

    Collision induced dissociation (CID) is one of the most established techniques for tandem mass spectrometry analysis. The CID of mass selected ion could be realized by ion resonance excitation with a digital rectangular waveform. The method is simple, and highly efficient CID result could be obtained by optimizing the experimental parameters, such as digital waveform voltage, frequency, and q value. In this work, the relationship between ion trapping waveform voltage and frequency at preselected q value, the relationship between waveform frequency and the q value at certain ion trapping voltage for optimum CID efficiency were investigated. Experiment results showed that the max CID efficiency of precursor reserpine ions can be obtained at different trapping waveform voltage and frequency when q and β are different. Based on systematic experimental analysis, the optimum experimental conditions for high CID efficiency can be calculated at any selected β or q. By using digital ion trap technology, the CID process and efficient fragmentation of parent ions can be realized by simply changing the trapping waveform amplitude, frequency, and the β values in the digital ion trap mass spectrometry. The technology and method are simple. It has potential use in ion trap mass spectrometry.

  14. Context Transfer in Reinforcement Learning Using Action-Value Functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amin Mousavi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the notion of context transfer in reinforcement learning tasks. Context transfer, as defined in this paper, implies knowledge transfer between source and target tasks that share the same environment dynamics and reward function but have different states or action spaces. In other words, the agents learn the same task while using different sensors and actuators. This requires the existence of an underlying common Markov decision process (MDP to which all the agents’ MDPs can be mapped. This is formulated in terms of the notion of MDP homomorphism. The learning framework is Q-learning. To transfer the knowledge between these tasks, the feature space is used as a translator and is expressed as a partial mapping between the state-action spaces of different tasks. The Q-values learned during the learning process of the source tasks are mapped to the sets of Q-values for the target task. These transferred Q-values are merged together and used to initialize the learning process of the target task. An interval-based approach is used to represent and merge the knowledge of the source tasks. Empirical results show that the transferred initialization can be beneficial to the learning process of the target task.

  15. Cosmogenic activation of a natural tellurium target

    CERN Document Server

    Lozza, V

    2014-01-01

    130Te is one of the candidates for the search for neutrinoless double beta decay. It is currently planned to be used in two experiments: CUORE and SNO+. In the CUORE experiment TeO2 crystals cooled at cryogenic temperatures will be used. In the SNO+ experiment natTe will be deployed up to 0.3% loading in the liquid scintillator volume. A possible background for the signal searched for, are the high Q-value, long-lived isotopes, produced by cosmogenic neutron and proton spallation reaction on the target material. A total of 18 isotopes with Q-value larger than 2 MeV and T1/2 >20 days have been identified as potential backgrounds. In addition low Q-value, high rate isotopes can be problematic due to pile-up effects, specially in liquid scintillator based detectors. Production rates have been calculated using the ACTIVIA program, the TENDL library, and the cosmogenic neutron and proton flux parametrization at sea level from Armstrong and Gehrels for both long and short lived isotopes. The obtained values for the...

  16. Why are Q-Ratios High in the Sulu UHP Metamorphic Rocks?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Qingsheng

    2011-01-01

    I found high Q values (Q-ratio=Jn/Ji, Jn, Ji are remanent magnetization and induced magnetization) in the Sulu ultrahigh pressure (UHP) metamorphic rocks, eastern China which is the world's largest UHP metamorphic belt (Fig. 1 in Liu et al., 2009). Q values of 320 core samples with variable lithologies in the 100-2 000 m interval from the Chinese Continental Scientific Drilling (CCSD) main hole are as follows: values between 0.06 and 608.24, with an average of 15.56 for 171 eclogite samples; values between 0.11 and 23.83, with an average of 1.93 for 61 orthogneiss samples; values between 0.13 and 1 746.00, with an average of 63.63 for 74 paragneiss samples; and values from 8.07 to 28.23, with an average of 16.59 for 14 serpentinized peridotite (Liu et al., 2010, 2009). However, continental lower crustal rocks generally have low Q values. For example, several thousand samples from the Ukranian shield show a mean Q of about 1.0 (Krutikhovskaya and Pashkevich, 1977).

  17. Intelligent-based multi-robot path planning inspired by improved classical Q-learning and improved particle swarm optimization with perturbed velocity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.K. Das

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Classical Q-learning takes huge computation to calculate the Q-value for all possible actions in a particular state and takes large space to store its Q-value for all actions, as a result of which its convergence rate is slow. This paper proposed a new methodology to determine the optimize trajectory of the path for multi-robots in clutter environment using hybridization of improving classical Q-learning based on four fundamental principles with improved particle swarm optimization (IPSO by modifying parameters and differentially perturbed velocity (DV algorithm for improving the convergence. The algorithms are used to minimize path length and arrival time of all the robots to their respective destination in the environment and reducing the turning angle of each robot to reduce the energy consumption of each robot. In this proposed scheme, the improve classical Q-learning stores the Q-value of the best action of the state and thus save the storage space, which is used to decide the Pbest and gbest of the improved PSO in each iteration, and the velocity of the IPSO is adjusted by the vector differential operator inherited from differential evolution (DE. The validation of the algorithm is studied in simulated and Khepera-II robot.

  18. Integrated Circuit of CMOS DC-DC Buck Converter with Differential Active Inductor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaoutar Elbakkar

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we propose a new design of DC-DC buck converter (BC, which the spiral inductor is replaced by a differential gyrator with capacitor load (gyrator-C implemented in 0.18um CMOS process. The gyrator-C transforms the capacitor load (which is the parasitic capacitor of MOSFETS to differential active inductor DAI. The low-Q value of DAI at switching frequency of converter (few hundred kHz is boosted by adding a negative impedance converter (NIC. The transistor parameters of DAI and NIC can be properly chosen to achieve the desirable value of equivalent inductance L (few tens H, and the maximum-Q value at the switching frequency, and thus the efficiency of converter is improved. Experimental results show that the converter supplied with an input voltage of 1V, provides an output voltage of 0.74V and output ripple voltage of 10mV at 155 kHz and Q-value is maximum (#8776;4226 at this frequency.

  19. Context transfer in reinforcement learning using action-value functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mousavi, Amin; Nadjar Araabi, Babak; Nili Ahmadabadi, Majid

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses the notion of context transfer in reinforcement learning tasks. Context transfer, as defined in this paper, implies knowledge transfer between source and target tasks that share the same environment dynamics and reward function but have different states or action spaces. In other words, the agents learn the same task while using different sensors and actuators. This requires the existence of an underlying common Markov decision process (MDP) to which all the agents' MDPs can be mapped. This is formulated in terms of the notion of MDP homomorphism. The learning framework is Q-learning. To transfer the knowledge between these tasks, the feature space is used as a translator and is expressed as a partial mapping between the state-action spaces of different tasks. The Q-values learned during the learning process of the source tasks are mapped to the sets of Q-values for the target task. These transferred Q-values are merged together and used to initialize the learning process of the target task. An interval-based approach is used to represent and merge the knowledge of the source tasks. Empirical results show that the transferred initialization can be beneficial to the learning process of the target task.

  20. The effect of environmental performance and preference disclosure on financial performance: Empirical evidence from unbalanced panel data of heavy-pollution industries in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai Chang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Environmental performance and propensity disclosure is important for stakeholders to estimate firms’ incentives in environmental management practices. The purpose of this article is to explore the impacts of environmental performance and propensity disclosure on financial performance using unbalanced panel data of eight heavy-pollution industries in China. Design/methodology/approach: Environmental performance and propensity exhibits mutual causality relationship with Tobin’s Q value using unit root and co-integration test of panel data. Using panel data analysis, we take the impacts of environmental performance and propensity disclosure on financial performance from 2008 to 2012. Findings: Environmental performance has a significantly negative impact on Tobin’s Q value at the significance levels of 1%, while environmental propensity has a significantly positive effect on Tobin’s Q value at the significance levels of 5%. Firm size, financial leverage and return of assets have significantly positive impacts on financial performance at the significance levels of 1%. Meanwhile the effect of corporate environmental performance and propensity on financial performance has a significantly periodic difference from 2008 to 2012. Research limitations/implications: Those results are helpful for environmental regulators to evaluate the implementing effect of voluntary environmental policy and for firms’ managers to increase market expectation and improve financial performance. Originality/value: Environmental performance is estimated by 30 environmental indicators in eight heavy-pollution industries in China. Environmental performance and propensity disclosure has a U-typed relationship with financial performance.

  1. Characterization of the morphology of fast-tumbling bicelles with varying composition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Weihua; Lind, Jesper; Eriksson, Jonny; Mäler, Lena

    2014-05-20

    Small, fast-tumbling bicelles are frequently used in solution NMR studies of protein-lipid interactions. For this purpose it is critical to have information about the organization of the lipids within the bicelle structure. We have studied the morphology of small, fast-tumbling bicelles containing DMPC and DHPC as a function of temperature, lipid concentration, and the relative ratio (q value) of lipid (DMPC) to detergent (DHPC) amounts. Dynamic light scattering and cryo-transmission electron microscopy techniques were used to measure the size of the bicelles and to monitor the shape and dispersity of the particles in the samples. The stability and size of DMPC-containing bicelle mixtures were found to be highly dependent on temperature and the total lipid concentration for mixtures with q = 1 and q = 1.5. Stable DMPC/DHPC bicelles are only formed at low q values (0.5). Bicelle mixtures with q > 0.5 appear to be multidisperse containing more than one component, one with r(H) around 2.5 nm and one with r(H) of 6-8 nm. This is interpreted as a coexistence of small (possibly mixed micelles) bicelles and much larger bicelles. Incubating the sample at 37 °C increases the phase separation. Moreover, low total amphiphile concentrations and low q values lead to the formation of a temperature-independent morphology, interpreted as the formation of small particles in which the DHPC and DMPC are more mixed. On the basis of these results, we propose the existence of a critical bicelle concentration, a parameter that determines the existence of bilayered bicelles, which varies with q value. This polymorphism was not observed at any concentrations for q = 0.5 bicelles, for which a small but detectable temperature dependence was observed at high concentrations. The results demonstrate that q = 0.5 mixtures predominantly form "classical" bicelles, but that caution is needed when using fast-tumbling mixtures with q values higher than 0.5.

  2. Correlation Between Tobin Q of Listed Company and Enterprise Performance%上市公司托宾Q与企业业绩相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董峰

    2015-01-01

    经济学家詹姆斯·托宾于1969年提出了托宾Q理论,托宾Q值常常被用来作为衡量公司绩效表现或公司市场价值的工具性指标。为验证托宾Q值在我国资本市场的适用性,选取2010年沪深两市所有数据完整上市公司1331家为研究样本,构建数据模型研究托宾Q值与上市公司业绩之间的关系。研究证明,在我国现今资本市场托宾Q值与上市公司业绩之间存在明显的正相关关系,用Q值作为评价企业绩效的指标具有一定的适用性。 Q值与上市公司盈利能力之间存在明显正相关关系,但Q值与上市公司的增长能力并不具有明显正相关关系。结论证明Q值在我国资本市场具有一定的适用性,但还需要进一步探讨。%Economist James Tobin proposed Tobin Q theory in 1969 , Tobin's Q value is often used as a measure of corporate performance or the performance of the company's market value tools indicators .Tobin's Q in order to verify the applicability of China 's capital market , select all the data in 2010 in Shanghai and Shenzhen listed companies in 1331 for the full sample , build the data model of the relationship between Tobin's Q and between the performance of listed companies .Studies have shown that in today's capital markets presence of a significant positive correlation between Tobin 's Q and the performance of listed companies , with a Q value as evaluating corporate performance indicators have some applicability .Between the Q value and profitability of listed compa-nies was significantly positively correlated , but the Q value of the listed company's ability to grow and does not have a significant positive correlation.Conclusion prove Q values have some applicability in China's capital market, but also need to be further ex-plored.

  3. 乳腺核磁共振成像恶性肿瘤征象的META分析%Meta Analysis On Magnetic Resonance Imaging Signs For Breast Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石宇文

    2015-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study is to meta-analysis the diagnostic value of breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of various malignancies signs. Methods Using Meta-Disc 1.4 software, diagnostic effectiveness of every MRI diagnosis signs was evaluated one by one. Results In accordance with the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 19 independent studies eventually included in this Meta-analysis. Meta-analysis showed that: ① burr-like shape AUC value of 0.8167, Q value of 0.7506. ②blurred edges AUC value of 0.6881, Q value of 0.6435. ③ ring enhancement AUC value of 0.6879, Q value of 0.6433. ④washout curve AUC value of 0.7955, Q value of 0.7320. ⑤ADC measurement AUC value of 0.5610, Q value of 0.5459. Using a random effects model merge MRI diagnosis of breast cancer overall sensitivity was 0.497, specificity was 0.810, AUC value of 0.7071, Q value of 0.6585. Conclusion Various malignancies signs of breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provide different effectiveness for diagnosis, burr-like morphology and dynamic contrast-enhanced washout curve signs have higher diagnostic predictive value for breast cancer, while the diagnostic value of measuring ring enhancement and ADC values are poor.%目的:本研究的目的是荟萃分析乳腺核磁共振成像(MRI)的各个恶性肿瘤征象,为MR诊断及鉴别诊断乳腺肿瘤性质提供依据。方法文献检索查找乳腺核磁共振成像的各个恶性征象提示,并经由病理确诊的乳腺恶性肿瘤的试验,采用Meta-Disc 1.4软件,对各个MRI恶性征象的诊断效能进行逐一评价。结果按照文献纳入及排除标准最终有19项独立研究纳入本次Meta分析。Meta分析结果显示:①毛刺状形态AUC值为0.8167, Q值0.7506。②边缘模糊不清AUC值为0.6881,Q值0.6435。③环状强化AUC值为0.6879,Q值0.6433。④washout曲线AUC值为0.7955,Q值0.7320。⑤ADC值测量AUC值为0.5610,Q值0.5459。采用随机效应

  4. Corneal Asphericity and IOL Power Calculation in Eyes With Aspherical IOLs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savini, Giacomo; Hoffer, Kenneth J; Barboni, Piero; Schiano Lomoriello, Domenico; Ducoli, Pietro

    2017-07-01

    Given that a previous study found that corneal asphericity influences the refractive outcome of intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation by means of thin-lens formulas in eyes with spherical IOLs, the authors aimed to verify whether such influence can also be observed in eyes with aspherical IOLs. In this retrospective comparative case series, IOL power was calculated with the Haigis, Hoffer Q, Holladay 1, and SRK/T formulas in two groups of eyes undergoing phacoemulsification and implantation of an aspherical IOL (Acrysof SN60WF; Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, TX). For each formula, the refractive prediction error was calculated once the constants had been optimized. Biometric data were obtained by partial coherence interferometry in one group and immersion ultrasound biometry and corneal topography in the other. Corneal asphericity was assessed by two different corneal topographers in the optical biometry group (Magellan; Nidek, Gamagori, Japan) and ultrasound biometry group (Keratron, Optikon 2000 Spa, Rome, Italy). The mean Q-value was -0.12 ± 0.08 in the optical biometry group (n = 51) and -0.22 ± 0.14 in the ultrasound biometry group (n = 79). In both groups, linear regression disclosed a statistically significant correlation between the Q-value and the prediction error (the only exception being the SRK/T formula). More negative Q-values were correlated to a positive prediction error, indicating a myopic outcome for prolate corneas. However, the correlation coefficients were lower than those previously reported for spherical IOLs. Corneal asphericity also influences the refractive outcomes of IOL power calculation by thinlens formulas when aspherical IOLs are implanted, although this influence is exerted to a lesser degree compared to spherical IOLs. [J Refract Surg. 2017;33(7):476-481.]. Copyright 2017, SLACK Incorporated.

  5. A correlation study of the expression of resistin and glycometabolism in muscle tissue after traumatic brain injury in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jin Peng; Zhu Lielie; Zhang Jiasheng; Xie Songling; Pan Da; Wen Hao; Meng Weiyang

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the expression pattern of resistin (RSTN) in skeletal muscle tissue and its influence on glycometabolism in rats with traumatic brain injury (TBI).Methods:Seventy-eight SD rats were randomly divided into traumatic group (n=36),RSTN group (n=36) and sham operation group (n=6).Fluid percussion TBI model was developed in traumatic and RSTN groups and the latter received additional 1 mg RSTN antibody treatment for each rat.At respectively 12 h,24 h,72 h,1 w,2 w,and 4 w after operation,venous blood was collected and the right hind leg skeletal muscle tissue was sampled.We used real-time PCR to determine mRNA expression of RSTN in skeletal muscles,western blot to determine RSTN protein expression and ELISA to assess serum insulin as well as fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels.Calculation of the quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (Q value) was also conducted.The above mentioned indicators and their correction were statistically analyzed.Results:Compared with sham operation group,the RSTN expression in the skeletal muscle as well as serum insulin and FBG levels revealed significant elevation (P<0.05),and reduced Q value (P<0.05) in traumatic group.Single factor linear correlation analysis showed a significant negative correlation between RSTN expression and Q values (P<0.001) in traumatic group.Conclusion:The expression of RSTN has been greatly increased in the muscular tissue of TBI rats and it was closely related to the index of glycometabolism.RSTN may play an important role in the process of insulin resistance after TBI.

  6. Relationship between and effect of inelastic excitations and transfer channels on sub-barrier fusion enhancement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khushboo, Mandal, S.; Nath, S.; Madhavan, N.; Gehlot, J.; Jhingan, A.; Kumar, Neeraj; Banerjee, Tathagata; Kaur, Gurpreet; Rojeeta Devi, K.; Banerjee, A.; Neelam, Varughese, T.; Siwal, Davinder; Garg, R.; Mukul, Ish; Saxena, M.; Verma, S.; Kumar, S.; Behera, B. R.; Verma, P.

    2017-07-01

    Background: It is a well established fact that nuclear deformation and vibration influence fusion dynamics around the Coulomb barrier. This effect was observed for several systems with the inclusion of inelastic excitations in coupled-channels calculations. Sub-barrier fusion cross sections were also observed to be affected by neutron transfer in systems carrying positive Q value for transfer channels. However, recent experimental analysis with a few systems showed that inelastic excitations are enough to explain the sub-barrier fusion behavior, and no effect was noticed due to positive Q -value transfer channels. Purpose: The motivation behind present investigation is to explore the effects of colliding nuclei structure and the transfer channel on enhancement of sub-barrier fusion cross sections. Method: An experiment was performed with Heavy Ion Reaction Analyzer (HIRA) at New Delhi to measure the fusion cross sections for 28Si+Zr,9692 systems. These cross sections were later compared with quantum mechanical coupled-channels calculations. In order to explore the effects of nuclear deformation on fusion cross sections, the present data were compared with those of other researchers on fusion who have used various projectiles of different structural properties on a 96Zr target. Results: Experimental fusion cross sections have been extracted around the Coulomb barrier. In the coupled-channels framework, inclusion of inelastic excitations of both projectile (28Si) and targets (Zr,9692) could reproduce the experimental cross sections around the Coulomb barrier, but they deviated substantially in the sub-barrier region. This indicates that positive Q -value neutron transfer channels may need to be included in the calculations to reproduce the experimental cross sections at sub-barrier energies. Conclusions: The nuclear structure of interacting nuclei has a strong influence on sub-barrier fusion enhancement. The effect of multineutron transfer channels was observed to be

  7. A Morphological Investigation of Dry and Solvent Swollen Nafion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Sandra; Trevino, Samuel; Tan, Nora Beck; Rivin, Don; Paul, Rick

    2000-03-01

    A common goal between many scientists is to determine the structure of Nafion®. Through this structural determination, a better understanding of the properties (mechanical, thermal, transport) of ionomers might be achieved, along with the possibility of controlling the properties. In the pursuit of this goal, we have utilized neutron scattering techniques to gain information on the polymer morphology. All membranes were initialized to a standard state before using the membranes in experiments or exchanging to a different counterion. Prompt g activation analysis has been utilized to evaluate the counterion on the sulfuric acid group; i.e. evaluate the extent of neutralization, and the amount of water trapped within the membrane. Samples of N117 were dried and some of these samples were then swollen to equilibrium in a variety of solvents: water, ethanol, DMF, DMMP. Other samples of N117 were swollen with water or ethanol with an increasing volume fraction of solvent. Small angle neutron scattering experiments were then conducted to evaluate the structure of the polymer in the dry and solvent swollen states. Three distinct 'q' features can be noted from the SANS plots. For the experiments investigating the effect of increasing volume fraction of water or ethanol within the membrane, the peak at the highest 'q' value can be observed to shift to lower 'q' values while the other two features remain the same. A linear, monotonically increasing relationship exists for d-spacing of this 'q' value versus increasing volume fraction solvent plots and is believed to be indicative of the changing structure of the cluster.

  8. Diagnostic accuracy of the International HIV Dementia Scale and HIV Dementia Scale: A meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Xueying; Zhou, Yang; Long, Jianxiong; Feng, Qiming; Wang, Rensheng; Su, Li; Zhao, Tingting; Wei, Bo

    2012-10-01

    This aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of the International HIV Dementia Scale (IHDS) or HIV Dementia Scale (HDS) for the diagnosis of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). A comprehensive and systematic search was carried out in PubMed and EMBASE databases. Sensitivity, specificity, Q(*)-values, summary receiver operating characteristic curves and other measures of accuracy of IHDS or HDS in the diagnosis of HAND were summarized. Summary receiver operator characteristic (SROC) curve analysis for HAND data demonstrates a pooled sensitivity of 0.90 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.88-0.91] and overall specificity of 0.96 (95% CI, 0.95-0.97) for IHDS, the Q(*)-value for IHDS was 0.9195 and the diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) was 162.28 (95% CI, 91.82-286.81). HDS had an overall sensitivity of 0.39 (95% CI, 0.34-0.43) and specificity of 0.90 (95% CI, 0.89-0.91), the Q(*)-value for HDS was 0.6321 and DOR was 5.81 (95% CI, 3.64-9.82). There was significant heterogeneity for studies that reported IHDS and HDS. This meta-analysis has shown that IHDS and HDS may offer high diagnostic performance accuracy for the detection of HAND in primary health care and resource-limited settings. IHDS and HDS may require reformed neuropsychological characterization of impairments in accordance with regional culture and language in future international studies.

  9. Evaluation of DNA damage using microwave dielectric absorption spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hirayama, Makoto; Matuo, Youichrou; Izumi, Yoshinobu [Research Institute of Nuclear Engineering, University of Fukui, Fukui (Japan); Sunagawa, Takeyoshi [Fukui University of Technology, Fukui (Japan)

    2016-12-15

    Evaluation of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-strand break is important to elucidate the biological effect of ionizing radiations. The conventional methods for DNA-strand break evaluation have been achieved by Agarose gel electrophoresis and others using an electrical property of DNAs. Such kinds of DNA-strand break evaluation systems can estimate DNA-strand break, according to a molecular weight of DNAs. However, the conventional method needs pre-treatment of the sample and a relatively long period for analysis. They do not have enough sensitivity to detect the strand break products in the low-dose region. The sample is water, methanol and plasmid DNA solution. The plasmid DNA pUC118 was multiplied by using Escherichia coli JM109 competent cells. The resonance frequency and Q-value were measured by means of microwave dielectric absorption spectroscopy. When a sample is located at a center of the electric field, resonance curve of the frequency that existed as a standing wave is disturbed. As a result, the perturbation effect to perform a resonance with different frequency is adopted. The resonance frequency shifted to higher frequency with an increase in a concentration of methanol as the model of the biological material, and the Q-value decreased. The absorption peak in microwave power spectrum of the double-strand break plasmid DNA shifted from the non-damaged plasmid DNA. Moreover, the sharpness of absorption peak changed resulting in change in Q-value. We confirmed that a resonance frequency shifted to higher frequency with an increase in concentration of the plasmid DNA. We developed a new technique for an evaluation of DNA damage. In this paper, we report the evaluation method of DNA damage using microwave dielectric absorption spectroscopy.

  10. Reference computations of public dose and cancer risk from airborne releases of plutonium. Nuclear safety technical report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peterson, V.L.

    1993-12-23

    This report presents results of computations of doses and the associated health risks of postulated accidental atmospheric releases from the Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) of one gram of weapons-grade plutonium in a form that is respirable. These computations are intended to be reference computations that can be used to evaluate a variety of accident scenarios by scaling the dose and health risk results presented here according to the amount of plutonium postulated to be released, instead of repeating the computations for each scenario. The MACCS2 code has been used as the basis of these computations. The basis and capabilities of MACCS2 are summarized, the parameters used in the evaluations are discussed, and results are presented for the doses and health risks to the public, both the Maximum Offsite Individual (a maximally exposed individual at or beyond the plant boundaries) and the population within 50 miles of RFP. A number of different weather scenarios are evaluated, including constant weather conditions and observed weather for 1990, 1991, and 1992. The isotopic mix of weapons-grade plutonium will change as it ages, the {sup 241}Pu decaying into {sup 241}Am. The {sup 241}Am reaches a peak concentration after about 72 years. The doses to the bone surface, liver, and whole body will increase slightly but the dose to the lungs will decrease slightly. The overall cancer risk will show almost no change over this period. This change in cancer risk is much smaller than the year-to-year variations in cancer risk due to weather. Finally, x/Q values are also presented for other applications, such as for hazardous chemical releases. These include the x/Q values for the MOI, for a collocated worker at 100 meters downwind of an accident site, and the x/Q value integrated over the population out to 50 miles.

  11. 角膜表面非球面形态数字表达研究的沿革%The development of the study on the expression of corneal asphericity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施明光; 王若洁

    2013-01-01

    Corneal asphericity has been a topic in clinical ophthalmology.This article discusses a corneal surface model based on corneal topography height data,as well as the Q value calculated by tangential data and axial data.The method of using the tangential data,which can be used to calculate the Q-values of all the semi-meridians by coordinate circumrotation,solved the problem of the accuracy and positioning of calculated Q-value.Related firdings support the accuracy and stability of this method.%角膜表面的非球面形态特性一直是眼科临床上一个受关注的课题.笔者阐述和讨论了用角膜地形图仪高度图数据建立角膜表面的模型技术,以及用角膜曲率半径值包括角膜地形图轴向图与正切图数据来计算角膜表面的Q值技术.提出应用角膜地形图正切图数据进行偏微分和拟合处理,计算半子午线截痕的Q值,以及采用坐标旋转技术计算出所有半子午线Q值的技术,解决了Q值计算的精确性和定位性问题.所有应用该技术的报道都表明样本研究的结果具有理想的精确性和稳定性.

  12. 黑龙江省大庆地区尾波Q值特征研究%Distribution characteristics of value of coda wave in Daqing area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘长生; 彭春红

    2015-01-01

    利用Sato单次散射模型,对黑龙江省大庆地区2002—2012年11个数字化测震台网记录的地震波形资料进行计算和分析。拟合尾波窗长60 s时尾波Qc值对频率的依赖关系,得到黑龙江大庆地区Qc值随频率的变化关系式为Qc=(24.57±6.05)f 0.9937±0.0713。庆新台Q0值最高,朝阳沟台Q0值最低。研究区内地震台站表现为低Q0值,高η值,符合Q0值与频率的依赖关系,表明该地区地下介质非均匀程度高,构造活动强烈。%Using Sato single scatter model,seismic waveform data recorded by 10 digital stations in north of Daqing digital seismological network from 2002 to 2012 are calculated and analyzed. Correlation ofQ value of coda wave to frequency is fi tted for the coda wave window of 60 s and variation ofQ value with frequency in Daqing is fi gured out.The highest value,which is up to 33.79,is at Qingxin Seismic Station,and the lowest is15.0,is at Chaoyanggou Seismic Station. That most stations in studied region show lowQ0 value and highηvalue,which coincide with correlation ofQ value and frequency,illustrates that non-uniform degree of underground medium is high and that tectonic activity is intensive in the region.

  13. Angular multiplexing holograms of four images recorded on photopolymer films with recording-film-thickness-dependent holographic characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osabe, Keiichi; Kawai, Kotaro

    2017-03-01

    In this study, angular multiplexing hologram recording photopolymer films were studied experimentally. The films contained acrylamide as a monomer, eosin Y as a sensitizer, and triethanolamine as a promoter in a polyvinyl alcohol matrix. In order to determine the appropriate thickness of the photopolymer films for angular multiplexing, photopolymer films with thicknesses of 29-503 μm were exposed to two intersecting beams of a YVO laser at a wavelength of 532 nm to form a holographic grating with a spatial frequency of 653 line/mm. The diffraction efficiencies as a function of the incident angle of reconstruction were measured. A narrow angular bandwidth and high diffraction efficiency are required for angular multiplexing; hence, we define the Q value, which is the diffraction efficiency divided by half the bandwidth. The Q value of the films depended on the thickness of the films, and was calculated based on the measured diffraction efficiencies. The Q value of a 297-μm-thick film was the highest of the all films. Therefore, the angular multiplexing experiments were conducted using 300-μm-thick films. In the angular multiplexing experiments, the object beam transmitted by a square aperture was focused by a Fourier transform lens and interfered with a reference beam. The maximum order of angular multiplexing was four. The signal intensity that corresponds to the squared-aperture transmission and the noise intensity that corresponds to transmission without the square aperture were measured. The signal intensities decreased as the order of angular multiplexing increased, and the noise intensities were not dependent on the order of angular multiplexing.

  14. Q estimation of seismic data using the generalized S-transform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hao, Yaju; Wen, Xiaotao; Zhang, Bo; He, Zhenhua; Zhang, Rui; Zhang, Jinming

    2016-12-01

    Quality factor, Q, is a parameter that characterizes the energy dissipation during seismic wave propagation. The reservoir pore is one of the main factors that affect the value of Q. Especially, when pore space is filled with oil or gas, the rock usually exhibits a relative low Q value. Such a low Q value has been used as a direct hydrocarbon indicator by many researchers. The conventional Q estimation method based on spectral ratio suffers from the problem of waveform tuning; hence, many researchers have introduced time-frequency analysis techniques to tackle this problem. Unfortunately, the window functions adopted in time-frequency analysis algorithms such as continuous wavelet transform (CWT) and S-transform (ST) contaminate the amplitude spectra because the seismic signal is multiplied by the window functions during time-frequency decomposition. The basic assumption of the spectral ratio method is that there is a linear relationship between natural logarithmic spectral ratio and frequency. However, this assumption does not hold if we take the influence of window functions into consideration. In this paper, we first employ a recently developed two-parameter generalized S-transform (GST) to obtain the time-frequency spectra of seismic traces. We then deduce the non-linear relationship between natural logarithmic spectral ratio and frequency. Finally, we obtain a linear relationship between natural logarithmic spectral ratio and a newly defined parameter γ by ignoring the negligible second order term. The gradient of this linear relationship is 1/Q. Here, the parameter γ is a function of frequency and source wavelet. Numerical examples for VSP and post-stack reflection data confirm that our algorithm is capable of yielding accurate results. The Q-value results estimated from field data acquired in western China show reasonable comparison with oil-producing well location.

  15. A theoretical interpretation of the main scrape-off layer heat-flux width scaling for tokamak inner-wall limited plasmas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halpern, F. D.; Horacek, J.; Pitts, R. A.; Ricci, P.

    2016-08-01

    The International Tokamak Physics Activity Topical Group on scrape-off layer and divertor physics has amassed a database comprising hundreds of reciprocating Langmuir probe measurements of the main scrape-off layer heat-flux width {λq} in inner-wall limited discharges. We have carried out an analysis, based on turbulent transport theory, of the variation of {λq} with respect to the dimensionless plasma parameters. Restricting our analysis to circular plasmas, we find that a model based on non-linearly saturated turbulence can well reproduce the {λq} values found in the database.

  16. Mass measurement of cooled neutron-deficient bismuth projectile fragments with time-resolved Schottky mass spectrometry at the FRS-ESR facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Litvinov, Yu.A.; Geissel, H. [Giessen Univ. (Germany); Radon, T. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, Darmstadt (DE)] [and others

    2005-06-01

    Masses of 582 neutron-deficient nuclides (30{<=}Z{<=}85) were measured with time-resolved Schottky mass spectrometry at the FRS-ESR facility at GSI, 117 were used for calibration. The masses of 71 nuclides were obtained for the first time. A typical mass accuracy of 30 {mu}u was achieved. These data have entered the latest atomic mass evaluation. The mass determination of about 140 additional nuclides was possible via known energies (Q-values) of {alpha}-, {beta}-, or proton decays. The obtained results are compared with the results of other measurements. (orig.)

  17. Dynamic properties of liquid Ni revisited

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    del Rio B. G.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Liquid Ni has previously been studied by different approaches such as molecular dynamics simulations and experimental techniques including inelastic neutron and X-ray scattering. Although some puzzling results, such as the shape of the sound dispersion curve for q ≤ 1.0 Å−1, have already been sorted out, there still persist some discrepancies, among different studies, for greater q-values. We have performed ab initio simulation calculations which show how those differences can be reconciled. Moreover, we have found that the transverse current spectral functions have some features which, so far, had previously been shown by high pressure liquid metals.

  18. Fragment Excitation and Moments of Kinetic Energy Distributions in Nuclear Fission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faust, Herbert R.

    2004-02-01

    The Random Excitation Model (REX-M) in nuclear fission is formulated with the level density formula from the Fermi-gas model. It is assumed that excitation of fission fragments is totally determined by a temperature calculated from the reaction Q-value. From this assumption fragment excitation, moments of kinetic energy distributions, and neutron evaporation are calculated. It is shown that the measured distributions and the neutron evaporation characteristics are in good agreement with the model calculations. Finally we extend the REX-model to describe aspects of ternary fission.

  19. An Optimal Energy Estimator to Reduce Correlated Noise for the EXO-200 Light Readout

    CERN Document Server

    :,; Hall, C; Albert, J B; Barbeau, P S; Beck, D; Belov, V; Breidenbach, M; Brunner, T; Burenkov, A; Cao, G F; Cen, W R; Chambers, C; Cleveland, B; Coon, M; Craycraft, A; Daniels, T; Danilov, M; Daugherty, S J; Davis, J; Delaquis, S; Der Mesrobian-Kabakian, A; DeVoe, R; Didberidze, T; Dilling, J; Dolgolenko, A; Dolinski, M J; Dunford, M; Fairbank, W; Farine, J; Feldmeier, W; Feyzbakhsh, S; Fierlinger, P; Fudenberg, D; Gornea, R; Graham, K; Gratta, G; Hughes, M; Jewell, M J; Johnson, A; Johnson, T N; Johnston, S; Karelin, A; Kaufman, L J; Killick, R; Koffas, T; Kravitz, S; Krücken, R; Kuchenkov, A; Kumar, K S; Leonard, D S; Licciardi, C; Lin, Y H; Ling, J; MacLellan, R; Marino, M G; Mong, B; Moore, D; Njoya, O; Nelson, R; Odian, A; Ostrovskiy, I; Piepke, A; Pocar, A; Prescott, C Y; Retière, F; Rowson, P C; Russell, J J; Schubert, A; Sinclair, D; Smith, E; Stekhanov, V; Tarka, M; Tolba, T; Tsang, R; Twelker, K; Vuilleumier, J -L; Waite, A; Walton, J; Walton, T; Weber, M; Wen, L J; Wichoski, U; Wood, J; Yang, L; Yen, Y -R; Zeldovich, O Ya

    2016-01-01

    The energy resolution of the EXO-200 detector is limited by electronics noise in the measurement of the scintillation response. Here we present a new technique to extract optimal scintillation energy measurements for signals split across multiple channels in the presence of correlated noise. The implementation of these techniques improves the energy resolution of the detector at the neutrinoless double beta decay Q-value from $\\left[1.9641\\pm 0.0039\\right]\\%$ to $\\left[1.5820\\pm 0.0044\\right]\\%$.

  20. Two effects relevant for the study of astrophysical reaction rates: gamma transitions in capture reactions and Coulomb suppression of the stellar enhancement

    CERN Document Server

    Rauscher, T

    2008-01-01

    Nucleosynthesis processes involve reactions on several thousand nuclei, both close to and far off stability. The preparation of reaction rates to be used in astrophysical investigations requires experimental and theoretical input. In this context, two interesting aspects are discussed: (i) the relevant gamma transition energies in astrophysical capture reactions, and (ii) the newly discovered Coulomb suppression of the stellar enhancement factor. The latter makes a number of reactions with negative Q value more favorable for experimental investigation than their inverse reactions, contrary to common belief.

  1. Spectral modification of mode structures in silver nanoparticle doped Rhodamine 6G

    CERN Document Server

    Sarkar, Arindam; Nampoori, V P N

    2015-01-01

    We show in our work that very narrow(FSR~0.09 nm) lasing modes can be formed from rhodamine 6G solution confined within quartz(SiO2 ) cuvette with suitable pumping scheme by Q switched Nd:YAG laser. With introduction of silver nanoparticles of different concentrations in rhodamine 6G we show that such lasing modes can be modulated as well as tuned in intensity, band spacing and emission wavelength. We also show that this system maintains a very high Q value > 6.4*1000 irrespective to change in other parameters.

  2. High-Q silicon-on-insulator optical rib waveguide racetrack resonators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiyat, Isa; Aydinli, Atilla; Dagli, Nadir

    2005-03-01

    In this work, detailed design and realization of high quality factor (Q) racetrack resonators based on silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides are presented. Aiming to achieve critical coupling, suitable waveguide geometry is determined after extensive numerical studies of bending loss. The final design is obtained after coupling factor calculations and estimation of propagation loss. Resonators with quality factors (Q) as high as 119000 has been achieved, the highest Q value for resonators based on silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides to date with extinction ratios as large as 12 dB.

  3. On the communication value of English academic journals published in China based on citation analysis%基于引文分析方法的中国英文科技期刊的交流价值研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马峥; 潘云涛

    2012-01-01

    为了定量研究中国英文科技期刊在我国科学研究和出版交流活动中所发挥的作用,借鉴语言学研究中对某一个语言“交际价值”的定量测度方法,设计出评价中国英文科技期刊交流价值的新指标Q。它的定义由3部分组成,即期刊所在学科的英文流行度P、在学科内期刊的学术影响中心度c、期刊学术影响的国际扩散度D。若以这3个指标构成三维坐标系,每种期刊看作是从点0出发的一个向量,则指标Q的含义可以理解为期刊向量的长度。通过对45种中国英文科技期刊样本的实际计算,发现交流价值Q可以从一个方面以较好的区分度和准确性体现中国英文科技期刊的实用价值。%English is a global language of science in all fields. English academic journals published in China play a very important role in scientific research and communication between China and the world. A new indicator Q-value is designed to evaluate the communication value of English academic journals published in China, which is borrowed from a resuh of linguistic studies. The Q- value is comprised of three independent indicators, i. e., prevalence index, centrality index and international diffusivity index, which form a three-dimensional coordinate system and each journal is defined as a vector and the Q-value is the length of the vector. A total of 45 English academic journals are surveyed and the result shows that the proposed Q-value can correctly describe the communication value of these English academic journals.

  4. Microscopic Calculation of Pre-Compound Excitation Energies for Heavy-Ion Collisions

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    We introduce a microscopic approach for calculating the excitation energies of systems formed during heavy-ion collisions. The method is based on time-dependent Hartree-Fock (TDHF) theory and allows the study of the excitation energy as a function of time or ion-ion separation distance. We discuss how this excitation energy is related to the estimate of the excitation energy using the reaction $Q$-value, as well as its implications for dinuclear pre-compound systems formed during heavy-ion co...

  5. Improvement of the energy resolution via an optimized digital signal processing in GERDA Phase I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agostini, M.; Bode, T.; Budjas, D.; Janicsko Csathy, J.; Lazzaro, A.; Schoenert, S. [Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Physik Department and Excellence Cluster Universe, Munich (Germany); Allardt, M.; Domula, A.; Lehnert, B.; Schneider, B.; Wester, T.; Wilsenach, H.; Zuber, K. [Technische Universitaet Dresden, Institut fuer Kern- und Teilchenphysik, Dresden (Germany); Bakalyarov, A.M.; Belyaev, S.T.; Lebedev, V.I.; Zhukov, S.V. [National Research Center ' ' Kurchatov Institute' ' , Moscow (Russian Federation); Balata, M.; D' Andrea, V.; Di Vacri, A.; Junker, M.; Laubenstein, M.; Macolino, C.; Zavarise, P. [LNGS, Assergi (Italy); Barabanov, I.; Bezrukov, L.; Doroshkevich, E.; Fedorova, O.; Gurentsov, V.; Kazalov, V.; Kuzminov, V.V.; Lubsandorzhiev, B.; Moseev, P.; Selivanenko, O.; Veresnikova, A.; Yanovich, E. [Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Barros, N. [Technische Universitaet Dresden, Institut fuer Kern- und Teilchenphysik, Dresden (Germany); University of Pennsylvania, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Baudis, L.; Benato, G.; Walter, M. [Physik Institut der Universitaet Zuerich, Zurich (Switzerland); Bauer, C.; Heisel, M.; Heusser, G.; Hofmann, W.; Kihm, T.; Kirsch, A.; Knoepfle, K.T.; Lindner, M.; Maneschg, W.; Salathe, M.; Schreiner, J.; Schwingenheuer, B.; Simgen, H.; Smolnikov, A.; Stepaniuk, M.; Wagner, V.; Wegmann, A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); Becerici-Schmidt, N.; Caldwell, A.; Liao, H.Y.; Majorovits, B.; Palioselitis, D.; Schulz, O.; Vanhoefer, L. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik, Munich (Germany); Bellotti, E. [Universita Milano Bicocca, Dipartimento di Fisica, Milan (Italy); INFN Milano Bicocca, Milan (Italy); Belogurov, S.; Kornoukhov, V.N. [Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Bettini, A.; Brugnera, R.; Garfagnini, A.; Hemmer, S.; Medinaceli, E.; Sada, C.; Sturm, K. von [Universita di Padova, Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Padua (Italy); INFN Padova, Padua (Italy); Borowicz, D. [Jagiellonian University, Institute of Physics, Krakow (Poland); Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Brudanin, V.; Egorov, V.; Kochetov, O.; Nemchenok, I.; Rumyantseva, N.; Zhitnikov, I.; Zinatulina, D. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Cattadori, C. [INFN Milano Bicocca, Milan (Italy); Chernogorov, A.; Demidova, E.V.; Kirpichnikov, I.V.; Vasenko, A.A. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Falkenstein, R.; Freund, K.; Grabmayr, P.; Hegai, A.; Jochum, J.; Schmitt, C.; Schuetz, A.K. [Eberhard Karls Universitaet Tuebingen, Physikalisches Institut, Tuebingen (Germany); Frodyma, N.; Misiaszek, M.; Panas, K.; Pelczar, K.; Wojcik, M.; Zuzel, G. [Jagiellonian University, Institute of Physics, Krakow (Poland); Gangapshev, A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Gusev, K. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); National Research Center ' ' Kurchatov Institute' ' , Moscow (Russian Federation); Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Physik Department and Excellence Cluster Universe, Munich (Germany); Hult, M.; Lutter, G. [Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, Geel (Belgium); Inzhechik, L.V. [Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Moscow (Russian Federation); Klimenko, A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); International University for Nature, Society and Man ' ' Dubna' ' , Dubna (Russian Federation); Lippi, I.; Stanco, L.; Ur, C.A. [INFN Padova, Padua (Italy); Lubashevskiy, A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); Pandola, L. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania (Italy); Pullia, A.; Riboldi, S. [Universita degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Fisica, Milan (Italy); INFN, Milano (Italy); Shirchenko, M. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); National Research Center ' ' Kurchatov Institute' ' , Moscow (Russian Federation); Collaboration: GERDA Collaboration

    2015-06-15

    An optimized digital shaping filter has been developed for the Gerda experiment which searches for neutrinoless double beta decay in {sup 76}Ge. The GERDA Phase I energy calibration data have been reprocessed and an average improvement of 0.3 keV in energy resolution (FWHM) corresponding to 10% at the Q value for 0νββ decay in {sup 76}Ge is obtained. This is possible thanks to the enhanced low-frequency noise rejection of this Zero Area Cusp (ZAC) signal shaping filter. (orig.)

  6. Cavity Preparation/assembly Techniques and Impact on Q, Realistic Q - Factors in a Module, Review of Modules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peter Kneisel

    2005-03-19

    This contribution summarizes the surface preparation procedures for niobium cavities presently used both in laboratory experiments and for modules, such as buffered chemical polishing (BCP), electropolishing (EP), high pressure ultrapure water rinsing (HPR), CO{sub 2} snow cleaning and high temperature heat treatments for hydrogen degassing or postpurification. The impact of surface treatments and the degree of cleanliness during assembly procedures on cavity performance (Q - value and accelerating gradient E{sub acc}) will be discussed. In addition, an attempt will be made to summarize the experiences made in module assemblies in different labs/projects such as DESY(TTF), Jlab (Upgrade) and SNS.

  7. Why does neutron transfer play different roles in sub-barrier fusion reactions $^{32}$S+$^{94,96}$Zr and $^{40}$Ca+$^{94,96}$Zr?

    OpenAIRE

    Sargsyan, V.V.; Adamian, G.G.; Antonenko, N.V.; Scheid, W.; H. Q. Zhang

    2014-01-01

    The sub-barrier capture (fusion) reactions $^{32}$S+$^{90,94,96}$Zr, $^{36}$S+$^{90,96}$Zr, $^{40}$Ca+$^{90,94,96}$Zr, and $^{48}$Ca+$^{90,96}$Zr with positive and negative $Q$-values for neutron transfer are studied within the quantum diffusion approach and the universal fusion function representation. For these systems, the s-wave capture probabilities are extracted from the experimental excitation functions and are also analyzed. Different effects of the positive $Q_{xn}$-value neutron tra...

  8. Results of the SDCS (Special Data Collection System) Attenuation Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-10-30

    for radiation patterns were made in these figures. Instrument gains are shown on each trace. 91 I -91- 4 SANTIAGO DEL ERSTERO, ARGENTINA 27.4*S 63.3*W...quantities. JI -93- SANTIAGO DEL ESTERO. ARGENTINA ARGENTINA WESTERN BRAZIL 08 DEC 62 21:27:18.0 29 SEP 62 15:17:47.7 28 NOV 64 15:41:33.4 2.7°S, 63.0W ob=7.0...the average Q ScS values for the whole mantle of 600 by Kovach and Anderson (1964) and 580 by Sato and Espinosa (1967) may be indicative of Q values in

  9. The fracture of boron fibre-reinforced 6061 aluminium alloy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, M. A.; Welch, D.; Jollay, J.

    1979-01-01

    The fracture of 6061 aluminium alloy reinforced with unidirectional and cross-plied 0/90 deg, 0/90/+ or - 45 deg boron fibres has been investigated. The results have been described in terms of a critical stress intensity, K(Q). Critical stress intensity factors were obtained by substituting the failure stress and the initial crack length into the appropriate expression for K(Q). Values were obtained that depended on the dimensions of the specimens. It was therefore concluded that, for the size of specimen tested, the values of K(Q) did not reflect any basic materials property.

  10. FUMET: A fuzzy network module extraction technique for gene expression data

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Priyakshi Mahanta; Hasin Afzal Ahmed; Dhruba Kumar Bhattacharyya; Ashish Ghosh

    2014-06-01

    Construction of co-expression network and extraction of network modules have been an appealing area of bioinformatics research. This article presents a co-expression network construction and a biologically relevant network module extraction technique based on fuzzy set theoretic approach. The technique is able to handle both positive and negative correlations among genes. The constructed network for some benchmark gene expression datasets have been validated using topological internal and external measures. The effectiveness of network module extraction technique has been established in terms of well-known p-value, Q-value and topological statistics.

  11. Neutron Diffraction Studies of the Atomic Vibrations of Bulk and Surface Atoms of Nanocrystalline SiC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stelmakh, S.; Grzanka, E.; Zhao, Y.; Palosz, W.; Palosz, B.

    2004-01-01

    Thermal atomic motions of nanocrystalline Sic were characterized by two temperature atomic factors B(sub core), and B(sub shell). With the use of wide angle neutron diffraction data it was shown that at the diffraction vector above 15A(exp -1) the Wilson plots gives directly the temperature factor of the grain interior (B(sub core)). At lower Q values the slope of the Wilson plot provides information on the relative amplitudes of vibrations of the core and shell atoms.

  12. Why does neutron transfer play different roles in sub-barrier fusion reactions $^{32}$S+$^{94,96}$Zr and $^{40}$Ca+$^{94,96}$Zr?

    CERN Document Server

    Sargsyan, V V; Antonenko, N V; Scheid, W; Zhang, H Q

    2014-01-01

    The sub-barrier capture (fusion) reactions $^{32}$S+$^{90,94,96}$Zr, $^{36}$S+$^{90,96}$Zr, $^{40}$Ca+$^{90,94,96}$Zr, and $^{48}$Ca+$^{90,96}$Zr with positive and negative $Q$-values for neutron transfer are studied within the quantum diffusion approach and the universal fusion function representation. For these systems, the s-wave capture probabilities are extracted from the experimental excitation functions and are also analyzed. Different effects of the positive $Q_{xn}$-value neutron transfer in the fusion enhancement are revealed in the relatively close reactions $^{32}$S+$^{94,96}$Zr and $^{40}$Ca+$^{94,96}$Zr.

  13. Genome-wide association and pathway analysis of feed efficiency in pigs reveal candidate genes and pathways for residual feed intake

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Do, Duy Ngoc; Strathe, Anders Bjerring; Ostersen, Tage

    2014-01-01

    and 12 and 7 SNPs were found to be significantly associated with RFI1 and RFI2, respectively. Several genes such as XIRP2, TTC29, SOGA1, MAS1, GRK5, PROX1, GPR155 and ZFYVE26 were identified as putative candidates for RFI based on their genomic location in the vicinity of these SNPs. Genes located within...... 50 kilo base pairs of SNPs significantly associated with RFI and RFI2 (q-value ≤ 0.2) were subsequently used for pathway analyses. These analyses were performed by assigning genes to biological pathways and then testing the association of individual pathways with RFI using a Fisher’s exact test...

  14. Noble magnetic barriers in the ASDEX UG tokamak

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Halima; Punjabi, Alkesh; Vazquez, Justin

    2010-02-01

    The second-order perturbation method of creating invariant tori inside chaos in Hamiltonian systems (Ali, H.; Punjabi, A. Plasma Phys. Contr. F. 2007, 49, 1565-1582) is applied to the axially symmetric divertor experiment upgrade (ASDEX UG) tokamak to build noble irrational magnetic barriers inside chaos created by resonant magnetic perturbations (m, n)=(3, 2)+(4, 3), with m and n the poloidal and toroidal mode numbers of the Fourier expansion of the magnetic perturbation. The radial dependence of the Fourier modes is ignored. The modes are considered to be locked and have the same amplitude δ. A symplectic mathematical mapping in magnetic coordinates is used to integrate magnetic field line trajectories in the ASDEX UG. Tori with noble irrational rotational transform are the last ones to be destroyed by perturbation in Hamiltonian systems. For this reason, noble irrational magnetic barriers are built inside chaos, and the strongest noble irrational barrier is identified. Three candidate locations for the strongest noble barrier in ASDEX UG are selected. All three candidate locations are chosen to be roughly midway between the resonant rational surfaces ψ32 and ψ43. ψ is the magnetic coordinate of the flux surface. The three candidate surfaces are the noble irrational surfaces close to the surface with q value that is a mediant of q=3/2 and 4/3, q value of the physical midpoint of the two resonant surfaces, and the q value of the surface where the islands of the two perturbing modes just overlap. These q values of the candidate surfaces are denoted by q MED, q MID, and q OVERLAP. The strongest noble barrier close to q MED has the continued fraction representation (CFR) [1;2,2,1∞] and exists for δ≤2.6599×10-4; the strongest noble barrier close to q MID has CFR [1;2,2,2,1∞] and exists for δ≤4.6311×10-4; and the strongest noble barrier close to q OVERLAP has CFR [1;2,2,6,2,1∞] and exists for δ≤1.367770×10-4. From these results, the strongest

  15. ZnSe scintillating bolometers for Double Beta Decay

    CERN Document Server

    Arnaboldi, C; Cremonesi, O; Gironi, L; Pavan, M; Pessina, G; Pirro, S

    2010-01-01

    ZnSe scintillating bolometers are good candidates for future Double Beta Decay searches, because of the 82Se high Q-value and thanks to the possibility of alpha background rejection on the basis of the scintillation signal. In this paper we report the characteristics and the anomalies observed in an extensive study of these devices. Among them, an unexpected high emission from alpha particles, accompanied with an unusual pattern of the light vs. heat scatter plot. The perspectives for the application of this kind of detectors to search for the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of 82Se are presented.

  16. Dissociation of fast ions analyzed by time-of-flight

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ponciano, C.R.; Ladeia, R.C.C.; Collado, V.M.; Silveira, E.F. da [Pontificia Univ. Catolica do Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Fisica]. E-mail: enio@vdg.fis.puc-rio.br

    2001-09-01

    The fragmentation of metastable ions, having keV of kinetic energy, is analyzed by time-of-flight technique. Assuming isotropic distribution of fragments in a free field region, it is deduced an analytical expression to describe the corresponding peak shapes in linear TOF spectrometers. Metastable ion mean-life and the kinetic energy release (Q-value) are the quantities extracted from data fitting. As an illustration, the dissociation of C{sub 8} H{sub 10} N{sup +} metastable ions, desorbed by {sup 252} Cf fission fragment impact on organic target, is studied. (author)

  17. Perturbed Angular Correlation (PAC)/NMR spectroscopic properties and dynamics of compounds containing metal ions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arcisauskaité, Vaida

    computationally demanding Coupled Cluster results. We also determined to what degree the computationally cheaper approximate relativistic methods ZORA(-4) and SR-ZORA-4 at the DFT level can reproduce fully-relativistic results. As a result, we proposed reliable computational methods applicable to Hg binding sites...... compounds in terms of the atomic constituents. The analysis provided a chemophysical interpretation of changes in Vzz upon structural distortions and ligand exchange. The gained insights can be useful when predicting and understanding changes in Q values for Hg binding sites in proteins. One of the first...

  18. Herman Feshbach Prize in Theoretical Nuclear Physics Xiangdong Ji, University of Maryland PandaX-III: high-pressure gas TPC for Xe136 neutrinoless double beta decay at CJPL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Xiangdong; PandaX-III Collaboration

    2016-03-01

    The PandaX-III in China's Jinping Underground Lab is a new neutrinoless double beta decay experiment using Xe136 high-pressure gas TPC. The first phase of the experiment uses a 4 m3 gas detector with symmetric Micromegas charge readout planes. The gas TPC allows full reconstruction of the event topology, capable of distinguishing the two electron events from gamma background with high confidence level. The energy resolution can reach about 3% FWHM at the beta decay Q-value. The detector construction and the experimental lab is currently under active development. In this talk, the current status and future plan are reported.

  19. Status and physics potential of NEXT-100

    CERN Document Server

    Martin-Albo, J

    2013-01-01

    The NEXT-100 time projection chamber, currently under construction, will search for neutrinoless double beta decay (bb0nu) using 100-150 kg of high-pressure xenon gas enriched in the Xe-136 isotope to ~91%. The detector possesses two important features for bb0nu searches: very good energy resolution (better than 1% FWHM at the Q value of Xe-136) and event topological information for the distinction between signal and background. Furthermore, the technique can be extrapolated to the ton-scale, thus allowing the full exploration of the inverted hierarchy of neutrino masses.

  20. Interactions of 29 MeV. He{sup 3} particles with light nuclei; Interacciones de un haz de particulas 3{sup H}e de 29 MeV sobre nucleos ligeros

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rubia de la Pacheco, J.

    1964-07-01

    The interactions of 29 MeV He{sup 3} particles with 32{sup S}, 19{sup F} and 12{sup C}, irradiated in the Nuffield cyclotron (Birmingham University) have been studied using the nuclear emulsion technique. The first excitation levels of 12{sup C} and 32{sup S} have been obtained and the pick-up reaction 12{sup C}(3{sup H}e, 4{sup H}e) 11{sup C} has been studied and used to calculate its Q-values and the first levels of 1{sup C}. (Author) 24 refs.

  1. Ub-library of Atomic Masses and Nuclear Ground States Deformations (CENPL.AMD)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The atomic mass is one of basic data of a nuclear. There are the atomic masses in all nuclear reaction model formulas and motion equations. For any reaction calculations atomic masses are basic data for getting binding energies or Q-values. In some applications, it is important also to have atomic masses even for exotic nuclei quite far from the valley of stability. In addition, nuclear ground state deformations and abundance values are also requisite in the nuclear data calculations. For this purpose, A data file on atomic masses and nuclear ground states deformations (AMD) were constructed, which

  2. Multi-agent reinforcement learning based on policies of global objective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    In general-sum games, taking all agent's collective rationality into account, we define agents' global objective,and propose a novel multi-agent reinforcement learning(RL) algorithm based on global policy. In each learning step, all agents commit to select the global policy to achieve the global goal. We prove this learning algorithm converges given certain restrictions on stage games of learned Q values, and show that it has quite lower computation time complexity than already developed multi-agent learning algorithms for general-sum games. An example is analyzed to show the algorithm' s merits.

  3. Analysis of the role of neutron transfer in asymmetric fusion reactions at subbarrier energies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ogloblin, A. A. [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation); Zhang, H. Q.; Lin, C. J.; Jia, H. M. [China Institute of Atomic Energy (China); Khlebnikov, S. V. [Khlopin Radium Institute (Russian Federation); Kuzmin, E. A.; Danilov, A. N.; Demyanova, A. S. [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation); Trzaska, W. H. [University of Jyväskylä, Department of Physics (Finland); Xu, X. X. [China Institute of Atomic Energy (China); Yang, F. [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation); Sargsyan, V. V., E-mail: sargsyan@theor.jinr.ru; Adamian, G. G.; Antonenko, N. V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Scheid, W. [Institüt für Theoretische Physik der Justus-Liebig-Universität (Germany)

    2015-12-15

    The excitation functions were measured for the {sup 28}Si + {sup 208}Pb complete-fusion (capture) reaction at deep subbarrier energies. The results were compared with the cross sections predicted within the quantum diffusion approach. The role of neutron transfer in the case of positive Q values in the {sup 28}Si + {sup 124}Sn, {sup 208}Pb; {sup 30}Si + {sup 124}Sn, {sup 208}Pb; {sup 20}Ne + {sup 208}Pb; {sup 40}Ca + {sup 96}Zr; and {sup 134}Te + {sup 40}Ca complete-fusion (capture) reactions is discussed.

  4. Improvement of the energy resolution via an optimized digital signal processing in GERDA Phase I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agostini, M. [Physik Department and Excellence Cluster Universe, Technische Universität München, Munich (Germany); Allardt, M. [Institut für Kern- und Teilchenphysik, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden (Germany); Bakalyarov, A. M. [National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow (Russian Federation); Balata, M. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, LNGS, and Gran Sasso Science Institute, GSSI, Assergi (Italy); Collaboration: GERDA Collaboration; and others

    2015-06-09

    An optimized digital shaping filter has been developed for the Gerda experiment which searches for neutrinoless double beta decay in {sup 76}Ge. The Gerda Phase I energy calibration data have been reprocessed and an average improvement of 0.3 keV in energy resolution (FWHM) corresponding to 10 % at the Q value for 0νββ decay in {sup 76}Ge is obtained. This is possible thanks to the enhanced low-frequency noise rejection of this Zero Area Cusp (ZAC) signal shaping filter.

  5. Cerenkov light identification with Si low-temperature detectors with Neganov-Luke effect-enhanced sensitivity

    CERN Document Server

    Gironi, L; Brofferio, C; Capelli, S; Carniti, P; Cassina, L; Clemenza, M; Cremonesi, O; Faverzani, M; Ferri, E; Fossati, E; Giachero, A; Gotti, C; Maino, M; Margesin, B; Moretti, F; Nucciotti, A; Pavan, M; Pessina, G; Pozzi, S; Previtali, E; Puiu, A; Sisti, M; Terranova, F

    2016-01-01

    A new generation of cryogenic light detectors exploiting Neganov-Luke effect to enhance the thermal signal has been used to detect the Cherenkov light emitted by the electrons interacting in TeO$_{2}$ crystals. With this mechanism a high significance event-by-event discrimination between alpha and beta/gamma interactions at the $^{130}$Te neutrino-less double beta decay Q-value - (2527.515 $\\pm$ 0.013) keV - has been demonstrated. This measurement opens the possibility of drastically reducing the background in cryogenic experiments based on TeO$_{2}$.

  6. Synthesis of superheavy nuclei with 238U target

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The production of superheavy nuclei with Z=108-116 via hot fusion reactions of the neutron-rich projectiles with 238U target is systematically studied.The results show that the production cross sections of superheavy nuclei do not decrease monotonously as the atomic number Z increasing.The cross sections of the superheavy nuclei at Z = 112 and 115 are enhanced as compared with the whole Z-trend in synthesis of the superheavy nuclei,which clearly illustrates that the reactions with large negative Q-value and shell correction are more favorable to synthesize superheavy nuclei.

  7. Synthesis of superheavy nuclei with 238U target

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU ZuHua; BAO JingDong

    2009-01-01

    The production of superheavy nuclei with Z=108-116 via hot fusion reactions of the neutron-rich projectiles with 238u target is systematically studied.The results show that the production cross sections of superheavy nuclei do not decrease monotonously as the atomic number Z increasing.The cross sections of the superheavy nuclei at Z=112 and 115 are enhanced as compared with the whole Z-trend in synthesis of the superheavy nuclei,which clearly illustrates that the reactions with large negative Q-value and shell correction are more favorable to synthesize superheavy nuclei.

  8. Application of Fuzzy State Aggregation and Policy Hill Climbing to Multi-Agent Systems in Stochastic Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-01

    the Q values learned previously for use in later games. Rather than starting each new game “ tabula rasa ”, the agents each store the Q-vector from...the ball. The fuzzy logic based strategy is implemented for a five-a-side robot 7 soccer game. Role assignment is necessary to avoid collision...between players going for the ball or no player being assign such a role to attack the ball. Making this assignment purely on distance from the ball is

  9. Nuclear structure theory for the astrophysical rp-process and r-process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, B.A.; Clement, R.; Schatz, H.; Giansiracusa, J.; Richter, W.A.; Hjorth-Jensen, M.; Kratz, K.-L.; Pfeiffer, B.; Walters, W.B

    2003-05-19

    The astrophysical processes of rapid-proton capture and rapid-neutron capture require the knowledge of many nuclear properties which are not known from experiment. I will describe two examples of how theoretical models are used to provide this input. The first of these uses the Hartree-Fock method for displacement energies to obtain the masses of proton-rich nuclei needed for the rp-process. The second uses a model for configuration mixing near {sup 132}Sn to provide Q values and beta-decay lifetimes for the r-process.

  10. High-Q silicon-on-insulator optical rib waveguide racetrack resonators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiyat, Isa; Aydinli, Atilla; Dagli, Nadir

    2005-03-21

    In this work, detailed design and realization of high quality factor (Q) racetrack resonators based on silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides are presented. Aiming to achieve critical coupling, suitable waveguide geometry is determined after extensive numerical studies of bending loss. The final design is obtained after coupling factor calculations and estimation of propagation loss. Resonators with quality factors (Q) as high as 119000 has been achieved, the highest Q value for resonators based on silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides to date with extinction ratios as large as 12 dB.

  11. Multi-channel WDM RZ-to-NRZ format conversion at 50 Gbit/s based on single silicon microring resonator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ding, Yunhong; Peucheret, Christophe; Pu, Minhao

    2010-01-01

    range of 100 GHz and Q value of 7900 is designed and fabricated for this purpose. Multi-channel RZ-to-NRZ format conversion is demonstrated experimentally at 50 Gbit/s for WDM channels with 200 GHz channel spacing using the fabricated device. Bit error rate (BER)measurements show very good conversion......We comprehensively analyze multiple WDM channels RZ-to- NRZ format conversion using a single microring resonator. The scheme relies on simultaneous suppression of the first order harmonic components in the spectra of all the RZ channels. An optimized silicon microring resonator with free spectral...

  12. Interaction of the ATA beam with the TM/sub 030/ mode of the accelerating cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neil, V.K.

    1985-02-14

    The interaction of the electron beam in the Advanced Test Accelerator with an azimuthally symmetric mode of the accelerating cells is investigated theoretically. The interaction possibly could cause modulation of the beam current at the resonant frequency of the mode. Values of the shunt impedance and Q value of the mode were obtained from previous measurement and analysis. Lagranian hydrodynamics is employed and a WKB solution to the equation of motion is obtained. Results indicate that the interaction will not be a problem in the accelerator.

  13. Cavity preparation/assembly techniques and impact on Q, realistic Q-factors in a module, review of modules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kneisel, Peter

    2006-02-01

    This contribution summarizes the surface preparation procedures for niobium cavities presently used both in laboratory experiments and for modules, such as buffered chemical polishing (BCP), electropolishing (EP), high pressure ultrapure water rinsing (HPR), CO 2 snow cleaning and high temperature heat treatments for hydrogen degassing or post-purification. The impact of surface treatments and the degree of cleanliness during assembly procedures on cavity performance ( Q-value and accelerating gradient Eacc) will be discussed. In addition, an attempt will be made to summarize the experiences made in module assemblies in different labs/projects such as DESY (TTF), Jlab (Upgrade) and SNS.

  14. Cavity preparation/assembly techniques and impact on Q, realistic Q-factors in a module, review of modules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kneisel, Peter [Jefferson Laboratory, 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States)]. E-mail: kneisel@jlab.org

    2006-02-01

    This contribution summarizes the surface preparation procedures for niobium cavities presently used both in laboratory experiments and for modules, such as buffered chemical polishing (BCP), electropolishing (EP), high pressure ultrapure water rinsing (HPR), CO{sub 2} snow cleaning and high temperature heat treatments for hydrogen degassing or post-purification. The impact of surface treatments and the degree of cleanliness during assembly procedures on cavity performance (Q-value and accelerating gradient E {sub acc}) will be discussed. In addition, an attempt will be made to summarize the experiences made in module assemblies in different labs/projects such as DESY (TTF), Jlab (Upgrade) and SNS.

  15. Folding Behaviour for Proteins BBL and E3BD with Gō-like Models

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZUO Guang-Hong; ZHANG Jian; WANG Jun; WANG Wei

    2005-01-01

    @@ Folding behaviour of protein BBL and its homologue domain E3BD are studied by using an off-lattice Gō-like model. It is found that the folding behaviours of these two proteins are different. Protein BBL folds in a downhill manner, which is consistent with experiments. In contrast, protein E3BD folds cooperatively and has a bimodal distribution of the Q values (the similarity to the native state). By analysing the native structures of the two proteins, it is found that the difference in folding behaviours can be attributed to the different structural features described by the number of nonlocal contacts per residue.

  16. YBCO superconducting ring resonators at millimeter-wave frequencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chorey, Christopher M.; Kong, Keon-Shik; Bhasin, Kul B.; Warner, J. D.; Itoh, Tatsuo

    1991-01-01

    Microstrip ring resonators operating at 35 GHz were fabricated from laser ablated YBCO films deposited on lanthanum aluminate substrates. They were measured over a range of temperatures and their performances compared to identical resonators made of evaporated gold. Below 60 Kelvin the superconducting strip performed better than the gold, reaching an unloaded Q approximately 1.5 times that of gold at 25 K. A shift in the resonant frequency follows the form predicted by the London equations. The Phenomenological Loss Equivalence Method is applied to the ring resonator and the theoretically calculated Q values are compared to the experimental results.

  17. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Po-269 (Polonium)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Po-269 (Polonium, atomic number Z = 84, mass number A = 269).

  18. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Po-278 (Polonium)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Po-278 (Polonium, atomic number Z = 84, mass number A = 278).

  19. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Po-282 (Polonium)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Po-282 (Polonium, atomic number Z = 84, mass number A = 282).

  20. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Po-271 (Polonium)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Po-271 (Polonium, atomic number Z = 84, mass number A = 271).

  1. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Po-283 (Polonium)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Po-283 (Polonium, atomic number Z = 84, mass number A = 283).

  2. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Po-281 (Polonium)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Po-281 (Polonium, atomic number Z = 84, mass number A = 281).

  3. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Po-284 (Polonium)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Po-284 (Polonium, atomic number Z = 84, mass number A = 284).

  4. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Po-280 (Polonium)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Po-280 (Polonium, atomic number Z = 84, mass number A = 280).

  5. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Po-272 (Polonium)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Po-272 (Polonium, atomic number Z = 84, mass number A = 272).

  6. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Po-276 (Polonium)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Po-276 (Polonium, atomic number Z = 84, mass number A = 276).

  7. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Po-277 (Polonium)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Po-277 (Polonium, atomic number Z = 84, mass number A = 277).

  8. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Po-275 (Polonium)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Po-275 (Polonium, atomic number Z = 84, mass number A = 275).

  9. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Po-273 (Polonium)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Po-273 (Polonium, atomic number Z = 84, mass number A = 273).

  10. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Po-274 (Polonium)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Po-274 (Polonium, atomic number Z = 84, mass number A = 274).

  11. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Po-270 (Polonium)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Po-270 (Polonium, atomic number Z = 84, mass number A = 270).

  12. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Po-279 (Polonium)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Po-279 (Polonium, atomic number Z = 84, mass number A = 279).

  13. Design and Simulation of the Thin Film Pulse Transformer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Bao-yuan; SHI Yu; WEN Qi-ye

    2005-01-01

    A new thin film pulse transformer for using in ISND and ADSL systems has been designed based on a domain wall pinning model, the parameters of nano-magnetic thin film such as permeability and coercivity can be calculated. The main properties of the thin film transformer including the size,parallel inductance, Q value and turn ratio have been simulated and optimized. Simulation results show that the thin film transformer can be fairly operated in a frequency range of 0. 001~20 MHz.

  14. The self-consistent analysis for sub-barrier fusion enhancement effect in Ca + Ca and Ni + Ni

    CERN Document Server

    Ma, N R; Lin, C J; Yang, L; Xu, X X; Sun, L J; Yang, F; Wu, Z D; Zhang, H Q; Liu, Z H; Wang, D X

    2016-01-01

    The fusion dynamic mechanism of heavy-ions at energies near the Coulomb barrier is complicated and still not very clear up to now. Accordingly, a self-consistent method based on the CCFULL calculations has been developed and applied for an ingoing study of the effect of the positive Q-value neutron transfer (PQNT) channels in this work. The typical experimental fusion data of Ca + Ca and Ni + Ni is analyzed within the unified calculation scheme. The PQNT effect in near-barrier fusion is further confirmed based on the self-consistent analysis and extracted quantitatively.

  15. Barrier distribution from 28Si+154Sm quasielastic scattering: Coupling effects in the fusion process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaur Gurpreet

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Barrier distribution for the 28Si+154Sm system has been extracted from large angle quasielastic scattering measurement to investigate the role of various channel couplings on fusion dynamics. The coupled channel calculations, including the collective excitation of the target and projectile, are observed to reproduce the experimental BD rather well. It seems that the role of neutron transfer, relative to collective excitation, is in fact weak in the 28Si+154Sm system even though it has positive Q-value for neutron transfer channels.

  16. Calculated half-lives and kinetic energies for spontaneous emission of heavy ions from nuclei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poenaru, D.N.; Greiner, W.; Depta, K.; Ivascu, M.; Mazilu, D.; Sandulescu, A.

    1986-05-01

    The most probable decays by spontaneous emission of heavy ions are listed for nuclides with Z = 47--106 and total half-lives>1 ..mu..sec. Partial half-lives, branching ratios relative to ..cap alpha.. decay, kinetic energies, and Q values are estimated by using the analytical superasymmetric fission model, a semiempirical formula for those ..cap alpha..-decay lifetimes which have not been measured, and the new Wapstra--Audi mass tables. Numerous ''stable'' nuclides with Z>40 are found to be metastable with respect to the new decay modes. The current experimental status is briefly reviewed.

  17. Frequency Control: Proceedings of the 40th Annual Symposium on held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on 28-30 May 1986

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-05-30

    natural quartz together with a comparison tlna-1, (Oth) . with the inverse-Q values obtained by other au Ireent orks thors (7,8,9) in AT-cut plano ...DESIGN OF BERLINITE PLANO - PLANO RESONATORS Due to the thermal gradient two zones are clearly discernable. The upper part corresponds to the incom...EXPLAOTIS, ENERAL. . M TABLE I SPIEIAL DILY ME.,SME. . ( PIE TIME SERVI E DIRMTCRY (ODIRGaEAL Pr SSAE. . is Prri F ’cNF2E NES . qTrl Telephone Time Services

  18. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Ra-226 (Radium)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Ra-226 (Radium, atomic number Z = 88, mass number A = 226).

  19. Microfabrication of large-area circular high-stress silicon nitride membranes for optomechanical applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Serra

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In view of the integration of membrane resonators with more complex MEMS structures, we developed a general fabrication procedure for circular shape SiNx membranes using Deep Reactive Ion Etching (DRIE. Large area and high-stress SiNx membranes were fabricated and used as optomechanical resonators in a Michelson interferometer, where Q values up to 1.3 × 106 were measured at cryogenic temperatures, and in a Fabry-Pérot cavity, where an optical finesse up to 50000 has been observed.

  20. Improvement of tokamak confinement by current profile control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Itoh, Kimitaka (National Inst. for Fusion Science, Nagoya (Japan)); Itoh, Sanae; Yagi, Masatoshi; Fukuyama, Atsushi; Azumi, Masafumi

    1993-12-01

    Impact of the current profile on the anomalous transport coefficients in tokamaks is discussed, based on the recent progress of the anomalous transport theory. When the central q-value is elevated above unity, the geometry turns to the magnetic well, and the anomalous transport is reduced. If the negative shear is realized, the anomalous transport is further reduced. The confinement improvement phenomena associated with the lower hybrid wave current drive and with high [beta][sub p] experiments are discussed as an application of this model. A motivation of the research on the steady state plasmas is also discussed. (author).

  1. Diagnostic performance of USPIO-enhanced MRI for lymph-node metastases in different body regions: A meta-analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu Liucheng [Department of Colorectal and Anal Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi (China); Cao Yunfei, E-mail: caoyunfei126@126.com [Department of Colorectal and Anal Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi (China); Liao Cun; Huang Jiahao [Department of Colorectal and Anal Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning Guangxi (China); Gao Feng, E-mail: doctorgao0771@hotmail.com [Department of Colorectal and Anal Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi (China)

    2011-11-15

    Objectives: USPIO (ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide contrast agent) MRI was a promising imaging modality in the detection of lymph-node metastases. And this meta-analysis is performed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of USPIO-enhanced MRI with non-enhanced MRI, USPIO-enhanced MRI in various body regions, and postcontrast alone for diagnosis of lymph-node metastases. Methods: A comprehensive and systematic search was conducted in PubMed and EMBASE databases. After a systematic review of the studies, sensitivity, specificity, the Q* value and other measures of accuracy of USPIO-enhanced MRI in the diagnosis of lymph-node metastases were summarized. The overall test performance was based on summary receiver operating characteristic curves. Results: Summary of ROC curve analysis for per-lymph-node data shows a pooled sensitivity of 0.90 (95% confidential interval [CI]: 0.88-0.91) and overall specificity of 0.96 (95% CI: 0.95-0.97) for USPIO-enhanced MRI, the Q* value for USPIO-enhanced MRI is 0.9195, diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) is 162.28 (95% CI: 91.82-286.81). Non-enhanced MRI had less overall sensitivity 0.39 (95% CI: 0.34-0.43) and specificity 0.90 (95% CI: 0.89-0.91), respectively, the Q* value for USPIO-enhanced MRI was 0.6321, DOR is 5.81 (95% CI: 3.64-9.82). Postcontrast MRI alone had sensitivity 0.85 (95% CI: 0.81-0.88) and specificity 0.93 (95% CI: 0.91-0.95), respectively, the Q* value for USPIO-enhanced MRI was 0.8976, DOR is 76.92 (95% CI: 34.21-172.93). There was significant heterogeneity for studies reporting enhanced MRI and non-enhanced MRI. Conclusions: This meta-analysis has shown that USPIO-enhanced MRI offers higher diagnostic performance than conventional MRI, and is sensitive and specific for the detection of lymph-node metastases. Postcontrast images alone can equate diagnostic performance pre- and postcontrast MRI has achieved for lymph-node characterization. And the role of USPIO-enhanced MRI in clinical practice still needs to be

  2. Decay properties of heavier nuclei and mass formula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uno, Masahiro [Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, Tokyo (Japan)

    2000-03-01

    The stabilities of heavy nuclei, including super-heavy elements, are governed by alpha decay and fission. Some exotic types of decay, such as heavy cluster decay, which does not occur so frequently as to govern stability, have been also reported. The half-time estimations of various types of decay are reviewed. And the possibility of decay, mainly in case of heavy cluster decay, is discussed with Q-value obtained from mass formulae as well. Some topics concerning other types of exotic decay are presented. Recent trends in the research on mass formula are reviewed from the historical point of view, to get perspectives of future development. (Yamamoto, A.)

  3. Study of the /sup 65/Cu(n,. gamma. )/sup 66/Cu reaction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delfini, M.G. (Stichting voor Fundamenteel Onderzoek der Materie, Petten, Netherlands); Kopecky, J.; Liou, H.I.; Chrien, R.E.; Endt, P.M.

    1983-08-08

    Capture of polarized thermal, unpolarized thermal, 2 and 24 keV neutrons in enriched /sup 65/Cu has been investigated. Of the observed 424 ..gamma..-rays 346 could be placed in a level scheme including 99 levels. The reaction Q-value amounts to 7065.97(11) keV. Gamma-ray circular polarization analysis suggests that thermal capture is dominated by the Jsup(..pi..) = 2/sup -/ component in the capture state and results in unambiguous spin assignments for some low-lying levels. For six more levels unambiguous spin assignments have been obtained from the decay scheme.

  4. Bringing the Sallen-Key Biquad back to work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gaunholt, Hans; Guldbrandsen, Birthe

    1996-01-01

    the Sallen-Key biquad even in the high-Q case with reasonable sensitivities. The method is based on the unity gain version of the biquad and as unity gain buffer amplifiers are readily manufactured in integrated circuit technology the results may be very useful in the fabrication of integrated analog filters...... in voltage-mode as well as current-mode technology. As an example we will choose the band-pass biquad as biquads of this type often has to be designed with high-Q values....

  5. Scaling of cluster heterogeneity in the two-dimensional Potts model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lv, Jian-Ping; Yang, Xianqing; Deng, Youjin

    2012-08-01

    Cluster heterogeneity, the number of clusters of mutually distinct sizes, has been recently studied for explosive percolation and standard percolation [H. K. Lee et al., Phys. Rev. E 84, 020101(R) (2011); J. D. Noh et al., Phys. Rev. E 84, 010101(R) (2011)]. In this work we study the scaling of various quantities related with cluster heterogeneity in a broader context of two-dimensional q-state Potts model. We predict, via an analytic approach, the critical exponents for most of the measured quantities, and confirm these predications for various q values using extensive Monte Carlo simulations.

  6. Studies of Nuclei Close to 132Sn Using Single-Neutron Transfer Reactions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jones, K. L. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Pain, S. D. [Rutgers University; Kozub, R. L. [Tennessee Technological University; Adekola, Aderemi S [ORNL; Bardayan, Daniel W [ORNL; Blackmon, Jeff C [ORNL; Catford, Wilton N [ORNL; Chae, K. Y. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Chipps, K. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Cizewski, J. A. [Rutgers University; Erikson, Luke [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Gaddis, A. L. [Furman University; Greife, U. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Grzywacz, R. K. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Harlin, Christopher W [ORNL; Hatarik, Robert [Rutgers University; Howard, Joshua A [ORNL; James, J. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Kapler, R. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Krolas, W. [University of Warsaw; Liang, J Felix [ORNL; Ma, Zhanwen [ORNL; Matei, Catalin [Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU); Moazen, Brian [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Nesaraja, Caroline D [ORNL; O' Malley, Patrick [Rutgers University; Patterson, N. P. [University of Surrey, UK; Paulauskas, Stanley [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Shapira, Dan [ORNL; ShrinerJr., J. F. [Tennessee Technological University; Sikora, M. [Rutgers University; Sissom, D. J. [Tennessee Technological University; Smith, Michael Scott [ORNL; Swan, T. P. [University of Surrey, UK; Thomas, J. S. [Rutgers University; Wilson, Gemma L [ORNL

    2009-01-01

    Neutron transfer reactions were performed in inverse kinematics using radioactive ion beams of 132Sn, 130Sn, and 134Te and deuterated polyethylene targets. Preliminary results are presented. The Q-value spectra for 133Sn, 131Sn and 135Te reveal a number of previously unobserved peaks. The angular distributions are compatible with the expected lf7/2 nature of the ground state of 133Sn, and 2p3/2 for the 3.4 MeV state in 131Sn.

  7. Analysis of mechanical fabrication experience with CEBAF`s production SRF cavities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mammosser, J.; Kneisel, P.; Benesch, J.

    1993-06-01

    CEBAF has received a total of 360 five-cell niobium cavities, the largest group of industrially fabricated superconducting cavities so far. An extensive data base exists on the fabrication, surface treatment, assembly and cavity performance parameters. Analysis of the mechanical features of the cavities includes the following: the spread in fabrication tolerances of the cells derived from field profiles of the ``as fabricated`` cavities and the ``as fabricated`` external Q-values of the fundamental power coupler compared to dimensional deviations. A comparison is made of the pressure sensitivity of cavities made of materials from different manufacturers between 760 torr (4.2 K) and 23 torr (2 K).

  8. 4-rod RFQ linac for ion implantation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fujisawa, Hiroshi; Hamamoto, Nariaki; Inouchi, Yutaka [Nisshin Electric Co. Ltd., Kyoto (Japan)

    1997-03-01

    A 34 MHz 4-rod RFQ linac system has been upgraded in both its rf power efficiency and beam intensity. The linac is able to accelerate in cw operation 0.83 mA of a B{sup +} ion beam from 0.03 to 0.91 MeV with transmission of 61 %. The rf power fed to the RFQ is 29 kW. The unloaded Q-value of the RFQ has been improved approximately 61 % to 5400 by copper-plating stainless steel cooling pipes in the RFQ cavity. (author)

  9. Scanning of Adsorption Hysteresis In Situ with Small Angle X-Ray Scattering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitropoulos, Athanasios Ch.; Favvas, Evangelos P.; Stefanopoulos, Konstantinos L.; Vansant, Etienne F.

    2016-01-01

    Everett’s theorem-6 of the domain theory was examined by conducting adsorption in situ with small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) supplemented by the contrast matching technique. The study focuses on the spectrum differences of a point to which the system arrives from different scanning paths. It is noted that according to this theorem at a common point the system has similar macroscopic properties. Furthermore it was examined the memory string of the system. We concluded that opposite to theorem-6: a) at a common point the system can reach in a finite (not an infinite) number of ways, b) a correction for the thickness of the adsorbed film prior to capillary condensation is necessary, and c) the scattering curves although at high-Q values coincide, at low-Q values are different indicating different microscopic states. That is, at a common point the system holds different metastable states sustained by hysteresis effects. These metastable states are the ones which highlight the way of a system back to a return point memory (RPM). Entering the hysteresis loop from different RPMs different histories are implanted to the paths toward the common point. Although in general the memory points refer to relaxation phenomena, they also constitute a characteristic feature of capillary condensation. Analogies of the no-passing rule and the adiabaticity assumption in the frame of adsorption hysteresis are discussed. PMID:27741263

  10. A low feed-through 3D vacuum packaging technique with silicon vias for RF MEMS resonators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Jicong; Yuan, Quan; Kan, Xiao; Yang, Jinling; Yang, Fuhua

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents a wafer-level three-dimensional (3D) vacuum packaging technique for radio frequency microelectromechanical systems (RF MEMS) resonators. A Sn-rich Au-Sn solder bonding is employed to provide a vacuum encapsulation as well as electrical conductions. Vertical silicon vias are micro-fabricated by glass reflow process. The optimized grounding, via pitch, and all-round shielding effectively reduce feed-through capacitance. Thus the signal-to-background ratios (SBRs) of the transmission signals increase from 17 dB to 20 dB, and the quality factor (Q) values of the packaged resonators go from around 8000 up to more than 9500. The measured average leak rate and shear strength are (2.55  ±  0.9)  ×  10-8 atm-cc s-1 and 42.53  ±  4.19 MPa, respectively. Furthermore, thermal cycling test between  -40 °C and 100 °C and high temperature storage test at 150 °C show that the resonant-frequency drifts are less than  ±7 ppm. In addition, the SBRs and the Q values have no obvious change after the tests. The experimental results demonstrated that the proposed encapsulation technique is well suited for the applications of RF MEMS devices.

  11. Determining the complexity of multi-component conformal systems: A platoon-based approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosun, Caglar; Ozdemir, Serhan

    2017-04-01

    Many systems in nature and engineering are composed of subsystems. These subsystems may be formed in a linear, planar or spatial array. A typical example of these formations is a chain of vehicles known as platoon formation in traffic flow. Platoon formation of vehicles is a linear or planar formation of vehicles where a certain and a constant headway, and sideway if applicable, is provided in between every and each one of them. It is argued in this paper that a well-automated platoon formation of vehicles is an extreme case of conformity. During this transformation from a many degrees of freedom formation to a solid object, Tsallis q value is computed to be ranging from one extreme case of q = 3 to the other where q = 1, when classified in terms of inverse temperatures of clearance fluctuations. At one extreme of q = 3, one observes unbounded fluctuations in clearance fluctuations so that inverse temperature distributions approach a Dirac delta at the origin. At the other extreme of q = 1, fluctuations in clearance tend to zero asymptotically, where a solid structure of agents (vehicles) emerges. The transition from q = 3 to q = 1 is investigated through synthetic and experimental clearance fluctuations between the cars. The results show that during the transition from q = 3 to q = 1, the platoon loses its many degrees of freedom (dof) of motion until a solid single object emerges. Authors assert that the Tsallis q value of a platoon of vehicles is limited to 3 > q > 1.

  12. Microwave-to-Optical Conversion in WGM Resonators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savchenkov, Anatoliy; Strekalov, Dmitry; Yu, Nan; Matsko, Andrey; Maleki, Lute

    2008-01-01

    Microwave-to-optical frequency converters based on whispering-gallery-mode (WGM) resonators have been proposed as mixers for the input ends of microwave receivers in which, downstream of the input ends, signals would be processed photonically. A frequency converter as proposed (see figure) would exploit the nonlinearity of the electromagnetic response of a WGM resonator made of LiNbO3 or another suitable ferroelectric material. Up-conversion would take place by three-wave mixing in the resonator. The WGM resonator would be de - signed and fabricated to obtain (1) resonance at both the microwave and the optical operating frequencies and (2) phase matching among the input and output microwave and optical signals as described in the immediately preceding article. Because the resonator would be all dielectric there would be no metal electrodes signal losses would be very low and, consequently, the resonance quality factors (Q values) of the microwave and optical fields would be very large. The long lifetimes associated with the large Q values would enable attainment of high efficiency of nonlinear interaction with low saturation power. It is anticipated that efficiency would be especially well enhanced by the combination of optical and microwave resonances in operation at input signal frequencies between 90 and 300 GHz.

  13. Generalized Moisil-Théodoresco Systems and Cauchy Integral Decompositions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Abreu Blaya

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Let ℝ0,m+1(s be the space of s-vectors (0≤s≤m+1 in the Clifford algebra ℝ0,m+1 constructed over the quadratic vector space ℝ0,m+1, let r,p,q∈ℕ with 0≤r≤m+1, 0≤p≤q, and r+2q≤m+1, and let ℝ0,m+1(r,p,q=∑j=pq⨁ ℝ0,m+1(r+2j. Then, an ℝ0,m+1(r,p,q-valued smooth function W defined in an open subset Ω⊂ℝm+1 is said to satisfy the generalized Moisil-Théodoresco system of type (r,p,q if ∂xW=0 in Ω, where ∂x is the Dirac operator in ℝm+1. A structure theorem is proved for such functions, based on the construction of conjugate harmonic pairs. Furthermore, if Ω is bounded with boundary Γ, where Γ is an Ahlfors-David regular surface, and if W is a ℝ0,m+1(r,p,q-valued Hölder continuous function on Γ, then necessary and sufficient conditions are given under which W admits on Γ a Cauchy integral decomposition W=W++W−.

  14. New phase space calculations for beta-decay half-lives

    CERN Document Server

    Stoica, Sabin; Nitescu, Ovidiu; Nabi, Jameel-Un; Ishfaq, Mavra

    2016-01-01

    We revisit the computation of the phase space factors (PSF) involved in the positron decay and electron capture (EC) processes for a large number of nuclei of experimental interest. To obtain the electron/positron wave functions needed in computation, we develop a code for solving accurately the Dirac equation with a nuclear potential derived from a realistic proton density distribution in the nucleus. The finite nuclear size (FNS) and screening effects are included through recipes which differ from those used in previous calculations. Comparing our results with former calculations employing approximate methods but computed with the same Q-values, we find a close agreement for positron decays, while for the EC process there are relevant differences. For the EC process we also find that the screening effect has a notable influence on the computed PSF values specially for light nuclei. Further, we re-computed the same PSF values but using the most recent Q-values reported in literature. In several cases these n...

  15. Reinforcement Learning by Comparing Immediate Reward

    CERN Document Server

    Pandey, Punit; Kumar, Shishir

    2010-01-01

    This paper introduces an approach to Reinforcement Learning Algorithm by comparing their immediate rewards using a variation of Q-Learning algorithm. Unlike the conventional Q-Learning, the proposed algorithm compares current reward with immediate reward of past move and work accordingly. Relative reward based Q-learning is an approach towards interactive learning. Q-Learning is a model free reinforcement learning method that used to learn the agents. It is observed that under normal circumstances algorithm take more episodes to reach optimal Q-value due to its normal reward or sometime negative reward. In this new form of algorithm agents select only those actions which have a higher immediate reward signal in comparison to previous one. The contribution of this article is the presentation of new Q-Learning Algorithm in order to maximize the performance of algorithm and reduce the number of episode required to reach optimal Q-value. Effectiveness of proposed algorithm is simulated in a 20 x20 Grid world dete...

  16. Debittering of Protein Hydrolysates by Lactobacillus LBL-4 Aminopeptidase

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bozhidar Tchorbanov

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Yoghurt strain Lactobacillus LBL-4 cultivated for 8–10 h at pH ~6.0 was investigated as a considerable food-grade source of intracellular aminopeptidase. Cell-free extract manifesting >200 AP U/l was obtained from cells harvested from 1 L culture media. Subtilisin-induced hydrolysates of casein, soybean isolate, and Scenedesmus cell protein with degree of hydrolysis 20–22% incubated at 45∘C for 10 h by 10 AP U/g peptides caused an enlarging of DH up to 40–42%, 46–48%, and 38–40% respectively. The DH increased rapidly during the first 4 h, but gel chromatography studies on BioGel P-2 showed significant changes occurred during 4–10 h of enzyme action when the DH increased gradually. After the digestion, the remained AP activity can be recovered by ultrafiltration (yield 40–50%. Scenedesmus protein hydrolysate with DH 20% was inoculated by Lactobacillus LBL-4 cells, and after 72 h cultivation the DH reached 32%. The protein hydrolysates (DH above 40% obtained from casein and soybean isolate (high Q value demonstrated a negligible bitterness while Scenedesmus protein hydrolysates (low Q value after both treatments were free of bitterness.

  17. Subbarrier heavy ion fusion enhanced by nucleon transfer and subbarrier fusion of nuclei far from the line of {beta}-stability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Denisov, V.Yu. [Institute for Nuclear Research, Kiev (Ukraine)]|[Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, Darmstadt (Germany)

    1998-09-01

    We discuss a model for the description of subbarrier fusion of heavy ions which takes into account the coupling to the low-energy surface vibrational states and to the few-nucleon transfer with arbitrary reaction Q-value. The fusion reactions {sup 28,30}Si+{sup 58,62,64}Ni, {sup 40}Ca+{sup 90,96}Zr, {sup 28}S+{sup 94,100}Mo, {sup 16,18,20,22,24}O+{sup 58}Ni and {sup 28}Si+{sup 124,126,128,130,132}Sn are analyzed in detail. The model describes rather well the experimental fusion cross section and mean angular momentum for reactions between nuclei near the {beta}-stability line. It is shown that these quantities are significantly enhanced by few-nucleon transfer with large positive Q-value. A shape independent parameterization of the heavy ion potential at distances smaller then the touching point is proposed. (orig.)

  18. Analysis of vortical structure over sinusoidal riblet surface in turbulent channel flow by means of Dual-plane stereoscopic PIV measurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamori, Hiroya; Yamaguchi, Kyotaro; Sasamori, Monami; Iwamoto, Kaoru; Murata, Akira

    2016-11-01

    We perform a dual-plane stereoscopic particle image velocimetry (DPS-PIV) measurement to investigate vortical structure over a sinusoidal riblet surface in the turbulent channel flow. In the sinusoidal riblet surface, its lateral spacing of the adjacent walls varies in the streamwise direction and 12% of the drag reduction rate has been confirmed in the turbulent channel flow. The DPS-PIV measurement system consists of four high-speed CCD cameras and the two laser sheets. In the flat case, the profile of the velocity statistics shows a good agreement with previous data. In the ribet case, the velocity statistics decrease in the region close to the wall as compared with that of the flat case. Since all velocity components are measured on adjacent laser sheets simultaneously, vortical structures can be obtained by a second invariant of the tensor i.e. the Q value. According to an analysis for the Q value, we found that the vortical structure is shifted up and attenuated owing to the riblet. Moreover, the riblet prevents the approaching of the vortical structure: the upward and downward flows in the region near the wall are generated by the riblet; if the vortical structure approaches the wall, it is shifted away from the wall due to the upward flow.

  19. Analysis of orbitally excited B-mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Albrecht, Zoltan; Quast, Gunter

    2003-01-01

    This thesis reports on the study of orbitally excited B** mesons in DELPHI b-events taken in the years 1994 to 2000 with the DELPHI detector at the LEP collider. The analyses presented represent the result of applying much improved and extended techniques of spectroscopy since the first DELPHI publication in 1995. A major improvement has occurred in the area of particle identification, where a neural network approach has been implemented in the DELPHI software package. Developments in the area of neural networks have led to much improved enrichment of the excited B states. The Bˆ{**} neural networks identify, on a track-by-track basis, the decay pion/kaon originating from the Bˆ{**} decay, suppressing background and keeping signal events in an efficient way. To improve detector resolution, a further application of neural networks has been applied to reconstruct the underlying Q-value. The corresponding network gives a correction on existing measurements of the Q-value in the form of a probability density fu...

  20. Effect of particle pinch on the fusion performance and profile features of an international thermonuclear experimental reactor-like fusion reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shijia; Wang, Shaojie

    2015-04-01

    The evolution of the plasma temperature and density in an international thermonuclear experimental reactor (ITER)-like fusion device has been studied by numerically solving the energy transport equation coupled with the particle transport equation. The effect of particle pinch, which depends on the magnetic curvature and the safety factor, has been taken into account. The plasma is primarily heated by the alpha particles which are produced by the deuterium-tritium fusion reactions. A semi-empirical method, which adopts the ITERH-98P(y,2) scaling law, has been used to evaluate the transport coefficients. The fusion performances (the fusion energy gain factor, Q) similar to the ITER inductive scenario and non-inductive scenario (with reversed magnetic shear) are obtained. It is shown that the particle pinch has significant effects on the fusion performance and profiles of a fusion reactor. When the volume-averaged density is fixed, particle pinch can lower the pedestal density by ˜30 % , with the Q value and the central pressure almost unchanged. When the particle source or the pedestal density is fixed, the particle pinch can significantly enhance the Q value by 60 % , with the central pressure also significantly raised.

  1. Direct determination of k Q for Farmer-type ionization chambers in a clinical scanned carbon ion beam using water calorimetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osinga-Blättermann, J-M; Brons, S; Greilich, S; Jäkel, O; Krauss, A

    2017-03-21

    Until now, the dosimetry of carbon ions with ionization chambers has not reached the same level of accuracy as that of high-energy photons. This is mainly caused by the approximately threefold larger uncertainty of the k Q factor of ionization chambers, which, due to the lack of experimental data, is still derived by calculations. Measurements of absorbed dose to water, D w, by means of water calorimetry have now been performed in the entrance channel of a scanned 6 cm  ×  6 cm radiation field of 429 MeV/u carbon ions, allowing the direct calibration of ionization chambers and thus the experimental determination of k Q. Within this work, values for k Q have been determined for the Farmer-type ionization chambers FC65-G and TM30013. A detailed investigation of the radiation field enabled the accurate determination of correction factors needed for both calorimetric and ionometric measurements. Finally, a relative standard measurement uncertainty of 0.8% (k  =  1) could be achieved for the experimental k Q values. For both chambers, the experimental k Q factors were found to be about 1% larger than those tabulated in the German DIN 6801-1 protocol, whereas compared to the theoretical values stated in the TRS-398 protocol, the experimental k Q value agrees within 0.4% for the TM30013 chamber but is about 1% lower in the case of the FC65-G chamber.

  2. Spatial Distribution of Element Abundances and Ionization States in Solar Energetic-Particle Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reames, Donald V.

    2017-08-01

    We have studied the spatial and temporal distribution of abundances of chemical elements in large "gradual" solar energetic-particle (SEP) events, and especially the source plasma temperatures, derived from those abundances, using measurements from the Wind and Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO) spacecraft, widely separated in solar longitude. A power-law relationship between abundance enhancements and mass-to-charge ratios [A/Q] of the ions can be used to determine Q-values and source plasma temperatures at remote spacecraft with instruments that were not designed for charge-state measurements. We search for possible source variations along the accelerating shock wave, finding one clear case where the accelerating shock wave appears to dispatch ions from 3.2± 0.8 MK plasma toward one spacecraft and those from 1.6± 0.2 MK plasma toward another, 116∘ away. The difference persists for three days and then fades away. Three other SEP events show less-extreme variation in source temperatures at different spacecraft, in one case observed over 222∘ in longitude. This initial study shows how the power-law relation between abundance enhancements and ion A/Q-values provides a new technique to determine Q and plasma temperatures in the seed population of SEP ions over a broad region of space using remote spacecraft with instruments that were not originally designed for measurements of ionization states.

  3. Constraining the Oblateness of Kepler Planets

    CERN Document Server

    Zhu, Wei; Zhou, George; Lin, D N C

    2014-01-01

    We use Kepler short cadence light curves to constrain the oblateness of planet candidates in the Kepler sample. The transits of rapidly rotating planets that are deformed in shape will lead to distortions in the ingress and egress of their light curves. We report the first tentative detection of an oblate planet outside of the solar system, measuring an oblateness of $0.22 \\pm 0.11$ for the 18 $M_J$ mass brown dwarf Kepler 39b (KOI-423.01). We also provide constraints on the oblateness of the planets (candidates) HAT-P-7b, KOI-686.01, and KOI-197.01 to be < 0.067, < 0.251, and < 0.186, respectively. Using the Q'-values from Jupiter and Saturn, we expect tidal synchronization for the spins of HAT-P-7b, KOI-686.01 and KOI-197.01, and for their rotational oblateness signatures to be undetectable in the current data. The potentially large oblateness of KOI-423.01 (Kepler 39b) suggests that the Q'-value of the brown dwarf needs to be two orders of magnitude larger than that of the solar system gas giants ...

  4. Source process of a long-period event at Kilauea volcano, Hawaii

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumagai, Hiroyuki; Chouet, Bernard A.; Dawson, Phillip B.

    2005-04-01

    We analyse a long-period (LP) event observed by a dense seismic network temporarily operated at Kilauea volcano, Hawaii, in 1996. We systematically perform spectral analyses, waveform inversions and forward modeling of the LP event to quantify its source process. Spectral analyses identify two dominant spectral frequencies at 0.6 and 1.3 Hz with associated Q values in the range 10-20. Results from waveform inversions assuming six moment-tensor and three single-force components point to the resonance of a horizontal crack located at a depth of approximately 150 m near the northeastern rim of the Halemaumau pit crater. Waveform simulations based on a fluid-filled crack model suggest that the observed frequencies and Q values can be explained by a crack filled with a hydrothermal fluid in the form of either bubbly water or steam. The shallow hydrothermal crack located directly above the magma conduit may have been heated by volcanic gases leaking from the conduit. The enhanced flux of heat raised the overall pressure of the hydrothermal fluid in the crack and induced a rapid discharge of fluid from the crack, which triggered the acoustic vibrations of the resonator generating the LP waveform. The present study provides further support to the idea that LP events originate in the resonance of a crack.

  5. Coherent dynamics of meta-toluidine investigated by quasielastic neutron scattering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faraone, Antonio; Hong, Kunlun; Kneller, Larry R; Ohl, Michael; Copley, John R D

    2012-03-14

    The coherent dynamics of a typical fragile glass former, meta-toluidine, was investigated at the molecular level using quasielastic neutron scattering, with time-of-flight and neutron spin echo spectrometers. It is well known that the static structure factor of meta-toluidine shows a prepeak originating from clustering of the molecules through hydrogen bonding between the amine groups. The dynamics of meta-toluidine was measured for several values of the wavevector transfer Q, which is equivalent to an inverse length scale, in a range encompassing the prepeak and the structure factor peak. Data were collected in the temperature range corresponding to the liquid and supercooled states, down to the glass transition. At least two dynamical processes were identified. This paper focuses on the slowest relaxation process in the system, the α-relaxation, which was found to scale with the macroscopic shear viscosity at all the investigated Q values. No evidence of "de Gennes" narrowing associated with the prepeak was observed, in contrast with what happens at the Q value corresponding to the interparticle distance. Moreover, using partially deuterated samples, the dynamics of the clusters was found to be correlated to the single-particle dynamics of the meta-toluidine molecules.

  6. Coherent Dynamics of meta-Toluidine Investigated by QuasiElastic Neutron Scattering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faraone, Antonio [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Hong, Kunlun [ORNL; Kneller, Larry [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD; Ohl, Michael E [ORNL; Copley, John R. D. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD

    2012-01-01

    The coherent dynamics of a typical fragile glass former, meta-toluidine, was investigated at the molecular level using quasielastic neutron scattering, with time-of-flight and neutron spin echo spectrometers. It is well known that the static structure factor of meta-toluidine shows a prepeak originating from clustering of the molecules through hydrogen bonding between the amine groups. The dynamics of meta-toluidine was measured for several values of the wavevector transfer Q, which is equivalent to an inverse length scale, in a range encompassing the prepeak and the structure factor peak. Data were collected in the temperature range corresponding to the liquid and supercooled states, down to the glass transition. At least two dynamical processes were identified. This paper focuses on the slowest relaxation process in the system, the {alpha}-relaxation, which was found to scale with the macroscopic shear viscosity at all the investigated Q values. No evidence of 'de Gennes' narrowing associated with the prepeak was observed, in contrast with what happens at the Q value corresponding to the interparticle distance. Moreover, using partially deuterated samples, the dynamics of the clusters was found to be correlated to the single-particle dynamics of the meta-toluidine molecules.

  7. Lg-wave attenuation in the Australian crust

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Zhi; Kennett, Brian L. N.; Zhao, Lian-Feng

    2017-10-01

    We estimate the Lg-wave quality factor (Q) across the Australian continent from vertical-component Lg waveforms. A tomographic inversion is performed to construct an Lg attenuation model for 58 frequencies between 0.05 and 10.0 Hz. The available spatial resolution is approximately 1.5° × 1.5° for the 0.5-2.0 Hz band. At 1.0 Hz, the Lg-wave Q over the whole island continent varies from 50 to 1250 with an average value of 850. Significant regional variations in the Lg-wave Q images tie well with many geological features and boundaries in Australia. The cratons in western, northern and southern parts of Australia usually have higher Q values (700-1250), while the volcanic regions, sedimentary basins and orogenic areas in eastern Australia are characterized by increased attenuation (lower Q values, 50-650). We determine the frequency-dependent Q of Lg waves for different blocks across Australia, and find the frequency dependence of Q is much more complex than the traditional single power law representation. When combined with the assumed geometrical spreading relation, the Lg Q maps provide a new way of assessing potential ground motion across the continent for any event location.

  8. The 12p13.33/RAD52 locus and genetic susceptibility to squamous cell cancers of upper aerodigestive tract.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manon Delahaye-Sourdeix

    Full Text Available Genetic variants located within the 12p13.33/RAD52 locus have been associated with lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC. Here, within 5,947 UADT cancers and 7,789 controls from 9 different studies, we found rs10849605, a common intronic variant in RAD52, to be also associated with upper aerodigestive tract (UADT squamous cell carcinoma cases (OR = 1.09, 95% CI: 1.04-1.15, p = 6x10(-4. We additionally identified rs10849605 as a RAD52 cis-eQTL inUADT(p = 1x10(-3 and LUSC (p = 9x10(-4 tumours, with the UADT/LUSC risk allele correlated with increased RAD52 expression levels. The 12p13.33 locus, encompassing rs10849605/RAD52, was identified as a significant somatic focal copy number amplification in UADT(n = 374, q-value = 0.075 and LUSC (n = 464, q-value = 0.007 tumors and correlated with higher RAD52 tumor expression levels (p = 6x10(-48 and p = 3x10(-29 in UADT and LUSC, respectively. In combination, these results implicate increased RAD52 expression in both genetic susceptibility and tumorigenesis of UADT and LUSC tumors.

  9. Analysis and Design of Monolithic Inductors in Sub-micron CMOS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fallesen, Carsten; Jørgensen, Allan

    1997-01-01

    In the last few years the CMOS processes have gone into deep sub-micron channel lengths. This means that it is now possible to make GHz applications in CMOS. In analog GHz applications it is often necessary to have access to inductors. This report describes the development of a physical model...... for optimization. To verify the model more than 40 inductors have been produced and their performance have been measured. The produced inductors sweep a number of design parameters of the inductors, in order to get a realistic dataset. The produced inductors have inductances values of 2 nH to 10 nH, resonance...... frequencies of 200 MHz to 9 GHz and Q-values of 0.2 to 5. The comparison of the measured results and the results obtained using the model are very satisfying. The precision of parameters such as inductance, resonance frequency and Q-value are within a few percent, which is a very good result compared to other...

  10. Preliminary reference Earth model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dziewonski, Adam M.; Anderson, Don L.

    1981-06-01

    A large data set consisting of about 1000 normal mode periods, 500 summary travel time observations, 100 normal mode Q values, mass and moment of inertia have been inverted to obtain the radial distribution of elastic properties, Q values and density in the Earth's interior. The data set was supplemented with a special study of 12 years of ISC phase data which yielded an additional 1.75 × 10 6 travel time observations for P and S waves. In order to obtain satisfactory agreement with the entire data set we were required to take into account anelastic dispersion. The introduction of transverse isotropy into the outer 220 km of the mantle was required in order to satisfy the shorter period fundamental toroidal and spheroidal modes. This anisotropy also improved the fit of the larger data set. The horizontal and vertical velocities in the upper mantle differ by 2-4%, both for P and S waves. The mantle below 220 km is not required to be anisotropic. Mantle Rayleigh waves are surprisingly sensitive to compressional velocity in the upper mantle. High S n velocities, low P n velocities and a pronounced low-velocity zone are features of most global inversion models that are suppressed when anisotropy is allowed for in the inversion. The Preliminary Reference Earth Model, PREM, and auxiliary tables showing fits to the data are presented.

  11. Possible damping model of the 6 year oscillation signal in length of day

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Pengshuo; Liu, Genyou; Hu, Xiaogang; Sun, Yafei; Li, Honglei

    2017-04-01

    A significant 6 year oscillation signal exists in the observed length-of-day (LOD) series. We recently used normal Morlet wavelet transform method to recover this oscillation signal. The result indicates that the amplitude of this oscillation has been decreasing for the over past 50 years. Using the simulation analysis, this study further demonstrates that the above result is reliable. However, the geophysical mechanism responsible for this decrease is less clear. Here, we develop a temporal-decaying function to characterize the secular attenuation of the oscillation signal. Using the least squared method, we obtain the corresponding quality factor Q value (51.6 ± 0.4) and the damping relaxation time τ (99.2 ± 0.8 years). We find the attenuation of the 6 year oscillation signal and its Q value can be explained by previous theoretical prediction, providing constraints on the related physical parameters of the lowermost mantle. The dissipative effect of electromagnetic coupling at the core-mantle boundary is likely to be a primary factor to cause the decaying of the 6 year oscillation signal.

  12. Analytical expression for the α-decay half-life and understanding the data including very long life-times and superheavy nuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahu, Basudeb

    2008-10-01

    An analytically solvable composite potential that can closely reproduce the combined potential of an α+nucleus system consisting of attractive nuclear and repulsive electrostatic potentials is developed. The exact s-wave solution of the Schrödinger equation with this potential in the interior region and the outside Coulomb wave function are used to give a heuristic expression for the width or half-life of the quasibound state at the accurately determined resonance energy, called the Q value of the decaying system. By using the fact that for a relatively low resonance energy, the quasibound state wave function is quite similar to the bound state wave function where the amplitude of the wave function in the interaction region is very large as compared to the amplitude outside, the resonance energy could easily be calculated from the variation of relative probability densities of inside and outside waves as a function of energy. By considering recent α-decay systems, the applicability of the model is demonstrated with excellent explanations being found for the experimental data of Q values and half-lives of a vast range of masses including superheavy nuclei and nuclei with very long lifetimes (of order 1022 s). Throughout the application, by simply varying the value of a single potential parameter describing the flatness of the barrier, we obtain successful results in cases with as many as 70 pairs of α+daughter nucleus systems.

  13. Effect of nuclear-reaction mechanisms on the population of excited nuclear states and isomeric ratios

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skobelev, N. K.

    2016-07-01

    Experimental data on the cross sections for channels of fusion and transfer reactions induced by beams of radioactive halo nuclei and clustered and stable loosely bound nuclei were analyzed, and the results of this analysis were summarized. The interplay of the excitation of single-particle states in reaction-product nuclei and direct reaction channels was established for transfer reactions. Respective experiments were performed in stable (6Li) and radioactive (6He) beams of the DRIBs accelerator complex at the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, and in deuteron and 3He beams of the U-120M cyclotron at the Nuclear Physics Institute, Academy Sciences of Czech Republic (Řež and Prague, Czech Republic). Data on subbarrier and near-barrier fusion reactions involving clustered and loosely bound light nuclei (6Li and 3He) can be described quite reliably within simple evaporation models with allowance for different reaction Q-values and couple channels. In reactions involving halo nuclei, their structure manifests itself most strongly in the region of energies below the Coulomb barrier. Neutron transfer occurs with a high probability in the interactions of all loosely bound nuclei with light and heavy stable nuclei at positive Q-values. The cross sections for such reactions and the respective isomeric ratios differ drastically for nucleon stripping and nucleon pickup mechanisms. This is due to the difference in the population probabilities for excited single-particle states.

  14. Attenuation of S wave in the crust of Ordos massif

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Hong-gui; CHUO Yong-qing; CHEN Shu-qing; JIN Chun-hua

    2005-01-01

    We presented attenuation characteristics of S waves in the crust of Ordos massif. Using 487 pieces of digital oscillograms of 19 seismic events recorded by 32 seismologic stations located on Ordos massif and its surroundings, we have calculated the parameter of three-segment geometric attenuation and give the relation of inelastic attenuation Q value with frequency in the crust of Ordos massif, site responses of 32 stations, and source parameters of 19 events by the genetic algorithm. The results indicate that Q value (at 1 Hz) of S-wave in the crust of Ordos massif is much larger than that in the geologically active tectonic region. The site responses of the 32 stations in the high-frequency section do not show clear amplification effect except one or two stations, while in the low-frequency section, there is difference among the stations. The logarithmic value of seismic moment and the magnitude ML of 19 seismic events has a very good linear relationship.

  15. Direct determination of k Q for Farmer-type ionization chambers in a clinical scanned carbon ion beam using water calorimetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osinga-Blättermann, J.-M.; Brons, S.; Greilich, S.; Jäkel, O.; Krauss, A.

    2017-03-01

    Until now, the dosimetry of carbon ions with ionization chambers has not reached the same level of accuracy as that of high-energy photons. This is mainly caused by the approximately threefold larger uncertainty of the k Q factor of ionization chambers, which, due to the lack of experimental data, is still derived by calculations. Measurements of absorbed dose to water, D w, by means of water calorimetry have now been performed in the entrance channel of a scanned 6 cm  ×  6 cm radiation field of 429 MeV/u carbon ions, allowing the direct calibration of ionization chambers and thus the experimental determination of k Q. Within this work, values for k Q have been determined for the Farmer-type ionization chambers FC65-G and TM30013. A detailed investigation of the radiation field enabled the accurate determination of correction factors needed for both calorimetric and ionometric measurements. Finally, a relative standard measurement uncertainty of 0.8% (k  =  1) could be achieved for the experimental k Q values. For both chambers, the experimental k Q factors were found to be about 1% larger than those tabulated in the German DIN 6801-1 protocol, whereas compared to the theoretical values stated in the TRS-398 protocol, the experimental k Q value agrees within 0.4% for the TM30013 chamber but is about 1% lower in the case of the FC65-G chamber.

  16. ITS2, a Better DNA Barcode than ITS in Identification of Species in Artemisia L.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-yue Wang; Si-hao Zheng; Yang Liu; Jian-ping Han

    2016-01-01

    Objective To select a more suitable DNA barcode to identify the species in Artemisia L.Methods ITS,ITS2,and three other major universal barcode candidates (matK,rbcL,and psbA-trnH) were evaluated in the identification efficiency using a total of 1433 sequences downloaded from GenBank representing 343 species in Artemisia L.ITS and ITS2 were evaluated in the PCR and sequencing rate,sequencing peak quality (Q value),and misread rate.One hundred and twelve A.annua samples were collected from 11 populations across over China,which were amplified with universal primers on the ITS and ITS2 regions.Results ITS and ITS2 shared a higher identification efficiency and exhibited 71.43% and 64.11% detectability at the species level,respectively.The Q values of ITS and ITS2 showed that the direct PCR sequencing data were reliable for the ITS2 region and ITS exhibited poor sequencing trace quality.In certain sites,the ITS sequences exhibited reading ambiguities and errors,indicating that the misread and deletion sites in the ITS region would incorrectly inflate the identification ratio.Conclusion ITS2 is a suitable barcode for identification of species in Artemisia L.,which enlarges the optimal range of divergence levels for taxonomic inferences using ITS2 sequences.

  17. Statistical considerations of optimal study design for human plasma proteomics and biomarker discovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Cong; Simpson, Kathryn L; Lancashire, Lee J; Walker, Michael J; Dawson, Martin J; Unwin, Richard D; Rembielak, Agata; Price, Patricia; West, Catharine; Dive, Caroline; Whetton, Anthony D

    2012-04-01

    A mass spectrometry-based plasma biomarker discovery workflow was developed to facilitate biomarker discovery. Plasma from either healthy volunteers or patients with pancreatic cancer was 8-plex iTRAQ labeled, fractionated by 2-dimensional reversed phase chromatography and subjected to MALDI ToF/ToF mass spectrometry. Data were processed using a q-value based statistical approach to maximize protein quantification and identification. Technical (between duplicate samples) and biological variance (between and within individuals) were calculated and power analysis was thereby enabled. An a priori power analysis was carried out using samples from healthy volunteers to define sample sizes required for robust biomarker identification. The result was subsequently validated with a post hoc power analysis using a real clinical setting involving pancreatic cancer patients. This demonstrated that six samples per group (e.g., pre- vs post-treatment) may provide sufficient statistical power for most proteins with changes>2 fold. A reference standard allowed direct comparison of protein expression changes between multiple experiments. Analysis of patient plasma prior to treatment identified 29 proteins with significant changes within individual patient. Changes in Peroxiredoxin II levels were confirmed by Western blot. This q-value based statistical approach in combination with reference standard samples can be applied with confidence in the design and execution of clinical studies for predictive, prognostic, and/or pharmacodynamic biomarker discovery. The power analysis provides information required prior to study initiation.

  18. Improved Gabor Deconvolution and Its Extended Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sun Xuekai

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In log time-frequency spectra, the nonstationary convolution model is a linear equation and thus we improved the Gabor deconvolution by employing a log hyperbolic smoothing scheme which can be implemented as an iteration process. Numerical tests and practical applications demonstrate that improved Gabor deconvolution can further broaden frequency bandwidth with less computational expenses than the ordinary method. Moreover, we attempt to enlarge this method’s application value by addressing nonstationary and evaluating Q values. In fact, energy relationship of each hyperbolic bin (i.e., attenuation curve can be taken as a quantitative indicator in balancing nonstationarity and conditioning seismic traces to the assumption of unchanging wavelet, which resultantly reveals more useful information for constrained reflectivity inversion. Meanwhile, a statistical method on Q-value estimation is also proposed by utilizing this linear model’s gradient. In practice, not only estimations well agree with geologic settings, but also applications on Q-compensation migration are favorable in characterizing deep geologic structures, such as the pinch-out boundary and water channel.

  19. Multimode laser emission from free-standing cylindrical microcavities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peter, Jaison, E-mail: jaisonpeter@cusat.ac.in; Radhakrishnan, P.; Nampoori, V.P.N.; Kailasnath, M.

    2014-05-01

    We report a well resolved whispering gallery mode (WGM) laser emission from a free-standing microring cavity based on a dye doped hollow polymer optical fiber (DDHPOF), which is transversely pumped by a pulsed Nd:YAG laser. The microring laser is characterized by a well-defined, low threshold pump power at which the emission spectral intensity dramatically increases and collapses into several dominant microcavity laser modes with reduced mode spacing and high Q-value. Resonant modes are excited inside the gain medium which is strongly confined along the radial direction so that the spacing of lasing modes is controlled by the diameter of the cylindrical microcavity. A variation in the free spectral range of WGM spectra from 0.23 to 0.09 nm coupled with a red-shift is observed with an increase in the diameter of DDHPOFs. - Highlights: • Different diameter free-standing cylindrical microcavity lasers have been fabricated and their performances have been evaluated. • The microring laser is characterized by a well-defined, low threshold pump power, with reduced mode spacing and high Q-value. • When the diameter of DDHPOF increases, the number of lasing peaks increases along with the decrease of the FSR as observed from our studies. • It is also found that whispering gallery lasing envelope is shifted from 559 to 571 nm (Stokes shift) with the diameter.

  20. Estimation of Q factors from reflection seismic data for a band-limited and stabilized inverse Q filter driven by an average-Q model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Zengbao; Chen, Xiaohong; Wang, Yanghua; Li, Jingye

    2014-02-01

    Reliable Q estimation is desirable for model-based inverse Q filtering to improve seismic resolution. On the one hand, conventional methods estimate Q from the amplitude spectra or frequency variations of individual wavelets at different depth (or time) levels, which is vulnerable to the effects of spectral interference and ambient noise. On the other hand, most inverse Q filtering algorithms are sensitive to noise, in order not to boost them, sometimes at the expense of degrading compensation effect. In this paper, the average-Q values are obtained from reflection seismic data based on the Gabor transform spectrum of a seismic trace. We transform the 2-D time-variant frequency spectrum into the 1-D spectrum, and then estimate the average-Q values based on the amplitude attenuation and compensation functions, respectively. Driven by the estimated average-Q model, we also develop a modified inverse Q filtering algorithm by incorporating a time-variant bandpass filter (TVBF), whose high cut off frequency follows a hyperbola along the traveltime from a specified time. Finally, we test this modified inverse Q filtering algorithm on synthetic data and perform the Q estimation procedure on a real reflection seismic data, followed by applying the modified inverse Q filtering algorithm. The synthetic data test and the real data example demonstrate that the algorithm driven by average-Q model may enhance the seismic resolution, without degrading the signal-to-noise ratio.

  1. Risk-sensitive reinforcement learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Yun; Tobia, Michael J; Sommer, Tobias; Obermayer, Klaus

    2014-07-01

    We derive a family of risk-sensitive reinforcement learning methods for agents, who face sequential decision-making tasks in uncertain environments. By applying a utility function to the temporal difference (TD) error, nonlinear transformations are effectively applied not only to the received rewards but also to the true transition probabilities of the underlying Markov decision process. When appropriate utility functions are chosen, the agents' behaviors express key features of human behavior as predicted by prospect theory (Kahneman & Tversky, 1979 ), for example, different risk preferences for gains and losses, as well as the shape of subjective probability curves. We derive a risk-sensitive Q-learning algorithm, which is necessary for modeling human behavior when transition probabilities are unknown, and prove its convergence. As a proof of principle for the applicability of the new framework, we apply it to quantify human behavior in a sequential investment task. We find that the risk-sensitive variant provides a significantly better fit to the behavioral data and that it leads to an interpretation of the subject's responses that is indeed consistent with prospect theory. The analysis of simultaneously measured fMRI signals shows a significant correlation of the risk-sensitive TD error with BOLD signal change in the ventral striatum. In addition we find a significant correlation of the risk-sensitive Q-values with neural activity in the striatum, cingulate cortex, and insula that is not present if standard Q-values are used.

  2. Coda Wave Analysis in Central-Western North America Using Earthscope Transportable Array Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escudero, C. R.; Doser, D. I.

    2011-12-01

    We determined seismic wave attenuation in the western and central United States (e.g. Washington, Oregon, California, Idaho, Nevada, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas) using coda waves. We selected approximately twenty moderate earthquakes (magnitude between 5.5 and 6.5) located along the Mexican subduction zone, Gulf of California, southern and northern California, and off the coast of Oregon for the analysis. These events were recorded by the EarthScope transportable array (TA) network from 2008 to 2011. In this study we implemented a method based on the assumption that coda waves are single backscattered waves from randomly distributed heterogeneities to calculate the coda Q. The frequencies studied lie between 1 and 15 Hz. The scattering attenuation is calculated for frequency bands centered at 1.5, 3, 5, 7.5, 10.5, and 13.5 Hz. In this work, we present coda Q resolution maps along with a correlation analysis between coda Q and seismicity, tectonic and geology setting. We observed higher attenuation (low coda Q values) in regions of sedimentary cover, and lower attenuation (high coda Q values) in hard rock regions. Using the 4-6 Hz frequency band, we found the best general correlation between coda Q and central-western North America bedrock geology.

  3. Comparative study of Green's function matrix elements and charge transfers obtained from different partitioning schemes of molecular charge in hydrogen-bonded complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parnaíba-da Silva Antenor J.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available RHF and MP2 ab initio molecular orbital calculations using the 4-31G**, 6-311G** and cc-pVTZ basis sets have revealed that the Green's function matrix element (G D,A values show a good correlation with the amount of intermolecular transferred charges obtained from different charge partitioning schemes for the CNH?CNH, NCH?CNH, CNH?NCH and NCH?NCH hydrogen bonded complexes. This is evident specially when the hydrogen bond distance is progressively increased from the equilibrium position until 4.5 Å. However, G D,A values show a better linear correlation with deltaQ values using corrected Mülliken charges, which are obtained from the charge-charge flux-overlap (CCFO model for infrared intensities. In this case, both G D,A and deltaQcorr form two practically superposed exponential curves. On the other hand, G D,A values show a smaller agreement with deltaQ values obtained from atomic charges derived from natural bonding orbitals. This is clearly verified when considering the first order exponential decay rate of G D,A versus deltaQ obtained from different charge partitioning schemes.

  4. Resonance locking as the source of rapid tidal migration in the Jupiter and Saturn moon systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Jim; Luan, Jing; Quataert, Eliot

    2016-10-01

    The inner moons of Jupiter and Saturn migrate outwards due to tidal energy dissipation within the planets, the details of which remain poorly understood. We demonstrate that resonance locking between moons and internal oscillations of the planet can produce rapid tidal migration. Resonance locking arises due to the structural evolution of the planet and typically produces an outward migration rate comparable to the age of the solar system. Resonance locking predicts a similar migration timescale but a different effective tidal quality factor Q governing the migration of each moon. It also predicts nearly constant migration timescales a function of semi-major axis, such that effective Q values were larger in the past. Recent measurements of Jupiter and Saturn's moon systems find effective Q values that are much smaller than expected (and are different between moons), and which correspond to migration timescales of ~10 Gyr. If confirmed, the measurements are broadly consistent with resonance locking as the dominant source of tidal dissipation in Jupiter and Saturn. Resonance locking also provides solutions to several problems posed by current measurements: it naturally explains the exceptionally small Q governing Rhea's migration, it allows the large heating rate of Enceladus to be achieved in an equilibrium eccentricity configuration, and it resolves evolutionary problems arising from present-day migration/heating rates.

  5. Source process of a long-period event at Kilauea volcano, Hawaii

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumagai, H.; Chouet, B.A.; Dawson, P.B.

    2005-01-01

    We analyse a long-period (LP) event observed by a dense seismic network temporarily operated at Kilauea volcano, Hawaii, in 1996. We systematically perform spectral analyses, waveform inversions and forward modeling of the LP event to quantify its source process. Spectral analyses identify two dominant spectral frequencies at 0.6 and 1.3 Hz with associated Q values in the range 10-20. Results from waveform inversions assuming six moment-tensor and three single-force components point to the resonance of a horizontal crack located at a depth of approximately 150 m near the northeastern rim of the Halemaumau pit crater. Waveform simulations based on a fluid-filled crack model suggest that the observed frequencies and Q values can be explained by a crack filled with a hydrothermal fluid in the form of either bubbly water or steam. The shallow hydrothermal crack located directly above the magma conduit may have been heated by volcanic gases leaking from the conduit. The enhanced flux of heat raised the overall pressure of the hydrothermal fluid in the crack and induced a rapid discharge of fluid from the crack, which triggered the acoustic vibrations of the resonator generating the LP waveform. The present study provides further support to the idea that LP events originate in the resonance of a crack. ?? 2005 RAS.

  6. Estimation of Q and inverse Q filtering for prestack reflected PP-and converted PS-waves%叠前纵波和转换波地震资料Q值提取及反Q滤波

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严红勇; 刘洋

    2009-01-01

    Multi-component seismic exploration technology, combining reflected PP- and converted PS-waves, is an effective tool for solving complicated oil and gas' exploration problems. The improvement of converted wave resolution is one of the key problems.The main factor affecting converted wave resolution is the absorption of seismic waves in overlying strata. In order to remove the effect of absorption on converted waves, inverse Q filtering is used to improve the resolution. In this paper, we present a method to estimate the S-wave Q values from prestack converted wave gathers. Furthermore, we extend a stable and effective poststack inverse Q filtering method to prestack data which uses wave field continuation along the ray path to compensate for attenuation in prestack common shot PP-and PS-waves. The results of theoretical modeling prove that the method of estimating the S-wave Q values has high precision. The results from synthetic and real data prove that the stable inverse Q filtering method can effectively improve the resolution of prestack PP- and PS-waves.

  7. DIVERSIFICATION AND FAMILY CONTROL AS DETERMINANTS OF PERFORMANCE: A STUDY OF LISTED BUSINESS GROUPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernández-Trasobares, Alejandro

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The study analyses the individual and joint impact of family control and diversification on the perfor-mance of major Spanish corporations, considering the nature of the ltimate owner of non-family groups.The study uses a sample of ninety-nine Spanish corporations, each comprising a parent company listed onthe stock exchange and a set of subsidiaries. Heckman’s two-step correction is used to eliminate selectionbias and the endogeneity of family ownership. Different models are contemplated in which we alysethe impact of both diversification and the family nature of a business on performance, established asTobin’s q-value. The results show how family control has a egative impact on Tobin’s q-value, and thatdifferences are greater between family groups and non-family groups controlled by banks and/or foreignagents. They also show ow diversification does not affect the creation of value either individually orconsidering the possible moderating effect of family ownership.

  8. Exploring the geometric and mechanical characteristics of the spine musculature to provide rotational stiffness to two spine joints in the neutral posture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Stephen H M; Potvin, Jim R

    2007-02-01

    Joint stiffness is inherently linked to both performance and injury. Muscular activation is the predominant provider of stiffness to the lumbar spine, and is essential to ensure optimal spine performance. The purpose of the current paper was to examine the potential of the trunk muscles to provide rotational joint stiffness at two spine joints in the neutral posture, and to demonstrate the sensitivity of this stiffening potential to various muscle orientation and stiffness assumptions. Two separate anatomical models were utilized to analyze the muscular contributions to the 3-dimensional rotational stiffness about each of the L1-L2 and L4-L5 spine joints. Total muscular stiffening potentials, for both joints in each anatomical model, were found to be highest about the global lateral bend axis, and lowest about the global axial twist axis. The stiffening potential was found to depend highly on both the assumed muscle stiffness coefficient (q value) and the moment arm of the muscle about the joint in question. Analyses of spine stiffness were found to be greatly affected by both the anatomical representation of the surrounding musculature and the selection of the q value in the determination of muscular stiffness. Inappropriate choices of either of these factors could lead to errors in stiffness and subsequently stability estimates, and in the interpretation and possible clinical recommendations stemming from such estimates.

  9. Change of corneal surface shapes in keratoconus corrected with RGPCL%圆锥角膜配戴硬性透气性角膜接触镜后角膜表面形态的改变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张立华; 贾丁; 王文平

    2011-01-01

    目的 评价圆锥角膜患者配戴硬性透气性角膜接触镜(RGP)后角膜前表面非球面形态(Q值)的改变以及SimK值的改变。方法 收集山西省眼科医院就诊的圆锥角膜患者25人43只眼,选配合适的RGP,分别于配戴前及配戴后1个月、3个月、6个月、12个月测定其矫正视力,并进行OPD-scan角膜地形图检查,采集角膜中央散光值、SimK值、Q值等参数,分析Q值及SimK值随配戴时间的变化,SimK值改变与角膜Q值改变有无相关性。结果 患者配戴RGP前,角膜散光值、Simk值、Q值分别为-6.03±2.66、50.12±5.65、-2.29±1.17。配戴RGP 3个月后角膜散光值、Simk值、Q值分别为-4.07±1.97、49.47±5.55、-1.62±0.95。角膜散光值、Simk值、Q值在配戴RGP前后差异有统计学意义。SimK值改变与角膜Q值改变有着显著的相关性,相关系数为0.698。配戴3个月、6个月及12个月后,角膜散光值,Simk值,Q值差异无统计学意义。结论 RGP为圆锥角膜患者提供了良好的视力矫正,并且可以在一定程度上改变角膜前表面的形态,从而控制圆锥角膜病情的发展。这种改变在配戴后3个月较为明显。随着配戴时间的延长,角膜散光值,Simk值,Q值趋于稳定。%Objective To investigate the changes of Q-value and simK-value in keratoconus corrected with RGPCL. Methods Twenty-five patients confirmed by corneal topography as keratoconus were correlated with RGPCL and followed by 1 month, 3, 6 and 12 months. Their corrected visual acuity (VA) and corneal topography were detected by OPD-scan. Cornea astigmatism, simK-value and Q-value were measured. Results Cornea astigmatism, simK-value and Q-value was -6.03 ± 2.66, 50.12± 5.65, and -2.29± 1.17 before wearing RGP respectively. With RGPCL for 3 months, cornea astigmatism, simK-value and Q-value was -4.07D± 1.97, 49.47± 5.55, and -1.62± 0.95 respectively.Corrected visual acuity (VA) was improved after

  10. SMILE术后角膜前表面非球面性与角膜高阶像差的关系%The correlation between corneal asphericity and higher order aberrations after SMILE surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏小连; 王雁

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the characteristics of anterior corneal asphericity and higher order aberrations after SMILE surgery,and to analyze the correlation between them.Methods In this prospective study,41 subjects who underwent SMILE surgery were enrolled with right eyes selected for the study.The asphericity coefficient Q-value at diameters of 6,7,8 and 9 mm and total higher order aberrations (HOA),spherical aberrations (Z40),secondary spherical aberrations (Z60),vertical coma (Z3-1),horizontal coma (Z31),y-trefoil (Z3-3) and x-trefoil (Z33) of the cornea were measured before surgery and 3 months following the surgery.A paired-samples t test and Pearson correlation were used for analysis.Results All Q-values increased from negative to positive after SMILE surgery and the differences were statistically significant (t=-23.558,-26.661,-28.366,-28.788,P<0.01).Corneal HOA,Z40,Z60,Z3-1 and Z31 increased and the differences were statistically significant as well (t=-11.815,-11.813,-16.209,6.470,4.835,P<0.01).However,the change in Z3-3 or Z33 was not significant (t=0.278,-1.064,P>0.05).Among corneal higher order aberrations,a linear correlation was found between the Q-value and corneal HOA,Z40 and Z3-t before surgery (P<0.05).The change in corneal HOA and Z40 had a positive linear correlation with the Q-value at each diameter (HOA:r=0.554,0.480,0.416,0.352,P<0.05; Z40:r=0.671,0.577,0.495,0.395,P<0.05).The difference in Z3-1 had a positive linear correlation with the Q-values at diameters 6 and 7 mm (r=0.377,0.342,P<0.05).The difference in Z31 had a positive linear correlation with the Q-values at diameters 6,7 and 8 mm (r=0.436,0.385,0.316,P<0.05).No linear correlation was found between the changes in the Q-values at each diameter and those of Z3 3,Z33 or Z60 (P>0.05).There was not a linear correlation between the change in the Q-values and lens diameter (P>0.05).Lens diameter had a negative linear correlation with the changes in HOA and Z40 (r=-0

  11. Magnetic resonance Q mapping reveals a decrease in microvessel density in the arcAβ mouse model of cerebral amyloidosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanna eIelacqua

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Alterations in density and morphology of the cerebral microvasculature have been reported to occur in Alzheimer`s disease patients and animal models of the disease. In this study we compared magnetic resonance imaging (MRI techniques for their utility to detect age-dependent changes of the cerebral vasculature in the arcAβ mouse model of cerebral amyloidosis. Dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC-MRI was performed by tracking the passage of a superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle in the brain with dynamic gradient echo echo planar imaging. From this measurements relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV(DSC and relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF were estimated. For the same animal maps of the relaxation shift index Q were computed from high resolution gradient echo and spin echo data that were acquired before and after superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle injection. Q values were used to derive estimates of microvessel density. The change in the relaxation rates ΔR2* obtained from pre- and post-contrast gradient echo data was used for the alternative determination of rCBV (rCBV(ΔR2*. Linear mixed effects modeling found no significant association between rCBV(DSC, rCBV(ΔR2*, rCBF and Q with genotype in 13-month old mice (compared to age-matched non-transgenic littermates for any of the evaluated brain regions. In 24-month old mice there was a significant association for rCBV(DSC with genotype in the cerebral cortex, and for rCBV(ΔR2* in the cerebral cortex and cerebellum. For rCBF there was a significant association in the cerebellum but not in other brain regions. Q values in the olfactory bulb, cerebral cortex, striatum, hippocampus, and cerebellum in 24-month old mice were significantly associated with genotype. In those regions Q values were reduced between 11-26 % in arcAβ mice compared to age-matched non-transgenic littermates. Vessel staining with CD31 immunohistochemistry confirmed a reduction of microvessel density in the old

  12. Association between genetic variant on chromosome 12p13 and stroke survival and recurrence: a one year prospective study in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsieh Yi-Chen

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The association between ischemic stroke and 2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs on chromosome 12p13, rs12425791 and rs11833579 appears inconsistent across different samples. These SNPs are close to the ninjurin2 gene which may alter the risk of stroke by affecting brain response to ischemic injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between these two SNPs and ischemic stroke risk, as well as prognostic outcomes in a Taiwanese sample. Methods We examined the relations of these two SNPs to the odds of new-onset ischemic stroke, ischemic stroke subtypes, and to the one year risk of stroke-related death or recurrent stroke following initial stroke in a case-control study. A total of 765 consecutive patients who had first-ever ischemic stroke were compared to 977 stroke-free, age-matched controls. SNPs were genotyped by Taqman fluorescent allelic discrimination assay. The association between ischemic stroke and SNPs were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression. Cox proportional hazard model was used to assess the effect of individual SNPs on stroke-related mortality or recurrent stroke. Results There was no significant association between SNP rs12425791 and rs11833579 and ischemic stroke after multiple testing corrections. However, the marginal significant association was observed between SNP rs12425791 and large artery atherosclerosis under recessive model (OR, 2.30; 95%CI, 1.22-4.34; q-value = 0.062. Among the 765 ischemic stroke patients, 59 died or developed a recurrent stroke. After adjustment for age, sex, vascular risk factors and baseline stroke severity, Cox proportional hazard analysis indicated that the hazard ratios were 2.76 (95%CI, 1.34-5.68; q-value, 0.02 and 2.15 (95%CI, 1.15-4.02; q-value, 0.03 for individuals with homozygous variant allele of rs12425791 and rs11833579, respectively. Conclusions This is a precedent study that found genetic variants of rs12425791 and rs11833579 on

  13. Magnetic Resonance Q Mapping Reveals a Decrease in Microvessel Density in the arcAβ Mouse Model of Cerebral Amyloidosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ielacqua, Giovanna D; Schlegel, Felix; Füchtemeier, Martina; Xandry, Jael; Rudin, Markus; Klohs, Jan

    2015-01-01

    Alterations in density and morphology of the cerebral microvasculature have been reported to occur in Alzheimer's disease patients and animal models of the disease. In this study we compared magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques for their utility to detect age-dependent changes of the cerebral vasculature in the arcAβ mouse model of cerebral amyloidosis. Dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC)-MRI was performed by tracking the passage of a superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle in the brain with dynamic gradient echo planar imaging (EPI). From this measurements relative cerebral blood volume [rCBV(DSC)] and relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF) were estimated. For the same animal maps of the relaxation shift index Q were computed from high resolution gradient echo and spin echo data that were acquired before and after superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticle injection. Q-values were used to derive estimates of microvessel density. The change in the relaxation rates [Formula: see text] obtained from pre- and post-contrast gradient echo data was used for the alternative determination of rCBV [rCBV([Formula: see text])]. Linear mixed effects modeling found no significant association between rCBV(DSC), rCBV([Formula: see text]), rCBF, and Q with genotype in 13-month old mice [compared to age-matched non-transgenic littermates (NTLs)] for any of the evaluated brain regions. In 24-month old mice there was a significant association for rCBV(DSC) with genotype in the cerebral cortex, and for rCBV([Formula: see text]) in the cerebral cortex and cerebellum. For rCBF there was a significant association in the cerebellum but not in other brain regions. Q-values in the olfactory bulb, cerebral cortex, striatum, hippocampus, and cerebellum in 24-month old mice were significantly associated with genotype. In those regions Q-values were reduced between 11 and 26% in arcAβ mice compared to age-matched NTLs. Vessel staining with CD31 immunohistochemistry confirmed a

  14. Interstellar Pickup Ion Acceleration in the Turbulent Magnetic Field at the Solar Wind Termination Shock Using a Focused Transport Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Junye; le Roux, Jakobus A.; Arthur, Aaron D.

    2016-08-01

    We study the physics of locally born interstellar pickup proton acceleration at the nearly perpendicular solar wind termination shock (SWTS) in the presence of a random magnetic field spiral angle using a focused transport model. Guided by Voyager 2 observations, the spiral angle is modeled with a q-Gaussian distribution. The spiral angle fluctuations, which are used to generate the perpendicular diffusion of pickup protons across the SWTS, play a key role in enabling efficient injection and rapid diffusive shock acceleration (DSA) when these particles follow field lines. Our simulations suggest that variation of both the shape (q-value) and the standard deviation (σ-value) of the q-Gaussian distribution significantly affect the injection speed, pitch-angle anisotropy, radial distribution, and the efficiency of the DSA of pickup protons at the SWTS. For example, increasing q and especially reducing σ enhances the DSA rate.

  15. Cooperation effect of radiation in Nd:YAP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koselja, Michael P.; Kubelka, Jiri; Kvapil, Jiri

    1993-06-01

    Behavior of radiation of Nd:YAP and Nd:YAG in a resonator with extremely low Q-value have been studied. The light pulses of the form discrete spikes around 1.08 micrometers have been observed using a relatively low pumping energies in Nd:YAP. The formation of these pulses has threshold character. Additional measurement such as second harmonic generation, far field distribution and spectral behavior have shown that emitted pulses have a typical laser character. Derived value of threshold gain parameter with material losses (g0 - (alpha) ) for threshold energy is 0.581 cm-1. No similar effect was observed for Nd:YAG, even for four timeshigher value of threshold energy than Nd:YAP. Obtained results demonstrate the cooperative effects of Nd3+ ions in Nd:YAP through a correlation between electromagnetic and crystal field.

  16. Mirror decay of {sup 75}Sr

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huikari, J.; Huang, W.X. [Department of Physics, University of Jyvaeskylae, P.O. Box 35, FIN-40351, Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Oinonen, M. [Helsinki Institute of Physics, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki (Finland); CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Algora, A.; Nacher, E. [Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, CSIC - University of Valencia, E-46071 Valencia (Spain); Cederkaell, J.; Fraile, L.; Franchoo, S.; Fynbo, H.; Peraejaervi, K.; Weissman, L. [CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Courtin, S.; Dessagne, P.; Knipper, A.; Marechal, F.; Miehe, C.; Poirier, E. [Institut de Recherches Subatomiques, F-67037 Strasbourg Cedex 2 (France); Jokinen, A.; Aeystoe, J. [Department of Physics, University of Jyvaeskylae, P.O. Box 35, FIN-40351, Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Helsinki Institute of Physics, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki (Finland)

    2003-03-01

    The {beta}-decay of {sup 75}Sr to its mirror nucleus {sup 75}Rb was studied at the ISOLDE PSB facility at CERN by means of {beta}-delayed {gamma} and proton spectroscopy. The decay Q-value and {beta}-delayed {gamma} intensity were measured for the first time. These results, 10.60{+-}0.22 MeV and 4.5{sup +1.9}{sub -0.7}%, together with accurate measurements of the {beta}-decay half-life and {beta}-delayed proton branching ratio yielded the Gamow-Teller strength 0.35{+-}0.05 for the mirror transition. Implications of the results on studies of deformation effects and on the path of the rapid proton capture process are discussed. (orig.)

  17. Millimeter-wave scanning surface resistance analyzer using a confocal resonator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, D.; Martens, J.S.; Shih, C.F.; Withers, R.S.; Sachtjen, S.A.; Suppan, L.P.; Kotsubo, V. [Conductus, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA (United States); Tigges, C.P. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1994-12-31

    Millimeter-wave confocal resonators are used in a new, commercially available instrument to map the surface resistance of large area (2--4 inch diameter) superconducting thin films. Q-factors are measured from the reflection coefficient of the cavity formed by a spherical aluminum mirror and a planar conductor sitting at half the radius of curvature of the mirror. The surface resistance of the superconducting film is extracted from the measured Q values. Typical R{sub s} values of 20--40 m{Omega} are measured for high-quality 2 in. high-{Tc} superconducting thin films at 94 GHz and 77 K. Other capabilities of related instruments such as determining dielectric constants and loss tangents of a substrate, high-rf-power surface resistance measurement, etc. will be demonstrated and discussed.

  18. Sensitivity of NEXT-100 to neutrinoless double beta decay

    CERN Document Server

    Martín-Albo, J.; Ferrario, P.; Nebot-Guinot, M.; Gómez-Cadenas, J.J.; Álvarez, V.; Azevedo, C.D.R.; Borges, F.I.G.; Cárcel, S.; Cebrián, S.; Cervera, A.; Conde, C.A.N.; Díaz, J.; Diesburg, M.; Esteve, R.; Fernandes, L.M.P.; Ferreira, A.L.; Freitas, E.D.C.; Gehman, V.M.; Goldschmidt, A.; González-Díaz, D.; Gutiérrez, R.M.; Henriques, C.A.O.; Hernando Morata, J.A.; Labarga, L.; Laing, A.; Lebrun, P.; Liubarsky, I.; López-March, N.; Lorca, D.; Losada, M.; Martínez-Lema, G.; Martínez, A.; Miller, T.; Monrabal, F.; Monserrate, M.; Monteiro, C.M.B.; Mora, F.J.; Moutinho, L.M.; Novella, P.; Nygren, D.; Para, A.; Perez, J.; Perez Aparicio, J.L.; Querol, M.; Renner, J.; Ripoll, L.; Rodríguez, J.; Santos, F.P.; dos Santos, J.M.F.; Serra, L.; Shuman, D.; Simón, A.; Sofka, C.; Sorel, M.; Stiegler, T.; Toledo, J.F.; Torrent, J.; Tsamalaidze, Z.; Veloso, J.F.C.A.; Villar, J.A.; Webb, R.; White, J.T.; Yahlali, N.; Yepes-Ramírez, H.; Hauptman, J.

    2016-01-01

    NEXT-100 is an electroluminescent high-pressure xenon gas time projection chamber that will search for the neutrinoless double beta decay of Xe-136. The detector possesses two features of great value in neutrinoless double beta decay searches: very good energy resolution (better than 1% FWHM at the Q value of Xe-136) and track reconstruction for the discrimination of signal and background events. This combination results in excellent sensitivity, as discussed in this paper. Detailed Monte Carlo detector simulations and material-screening measurements predict a background rate for NEXT-100 of at most 0.0004 counts/(keV kg yr). Accordingly, the detector will reach a sensitivity to the neutrinoless double beta decay half-life of 6.E25 years after running for 3 effective years.

  19. Design and simulation of a tuning fork micromachined gyroscope with slide film damping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHE Lu-feng; XIONG Bin; JIAO Ji-wei; WANG Yue-lin

    2005-01-01

    A novel tuning fork micromachined gyroscope, based on slide-film damping, is presented. The electrostatic driving gyroscope consists of two driving masses each of which supports one sensitive mass. The angular rate is sensed by the differential capacitances consisted of movable bar electrodes and fixed bar electrodes located on the glass wafer. The gyroscope can operate at atmospheric pressure with slide film damping in the driving and sensing directions, eliminate vacuum packaging and restrain cross-axis acceleration signal. The results of design and simulation show that the driving and sensing mode frequencies are 3 106 Hz and 3 175 Hz,respectively, and the Q-values in driving and sensitive modes are 1 721 and 1 450 respectively. The design resolution is 0.025°/s.

  20. Ternary fission and cluster radioactivities

    CERN Document Server

    Poenaru, D N; Greiner, W; Gherghescu, R A; Hamilton, J H; Ramayya, A V

    2002-01-01

    Ternary fission yield for different kinds of light particle accompanied fission processes is compared to the Q-values for the corresponding cold phenomena, showing a striking correlation. The experimental evidence for the existence of a quasimolecular state in sup 1 sup 0 Be accompanied fission of sup 2 sup 5 sup 2 Cf may be explained using a three-center phenomenological model which generates a third minimum in the deformation energy at a separation distance very close to the touching point. This model is a natural extension of the unified approach to three groups of binary decay modes (cold fission, cluster radioactivities and alpha decay), illustrated by sup 2 sup 3 sup 4 U decay modes, and the alpha valley on the potential energy surfaces of sup 1 sup 0 sup 6 Te. New measurements of cluster decay modes, confirming earlier predictions within analytical superasymmetric fission model, are included in a comprehensive half-life systematics. (authors)

  1. Analysis techniques for background rejection at the Majorana Demonstrator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cuestra, Clara [University of Washington; Rielage, Keith Robert [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Elliott, Steven Ray [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Xu, Wenqin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Goett, John Jerome III [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2015-06-11

    The MAJORANA Collaboration is constructing the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, an ultra-low background, 40-kg modular HPGe detector array to search for neutrinoless double beta decay in 76Ge. In view of the next generation of tonne-scale Ge-based 0νββ-decay searches that will probe the neutrino mass scale in the inverted-hierarchy region, a major goal of the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR is to demonstrate a path forward to achieving a background rate at or below 1 count/tonne/year in the 4 keV region of interest around the Q-value at 2039 keV. The background rejection techniques to be applied to the data include cuts based on data reduction, pulse shape analysis, event coincidences, and time correlations. The Point Contact design of the DEMONSTRATOR's germanium detectors allows for significant reduction of gamma background.

  2. Measuring Neutrino Mass with Radioactive Ions in a Storage Ring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindroos, Mats; McElrath, Bob; Orme, Christopher; Schwetz, Thomas

    2010-03-01

    A method to measure the neutrino mass kinematically using beams of ions which undergo beta decay is proposed. The idea is to tune the ion beam momentum so that in most decays, the electron is forward moving with respect to the beam, and only in decays near the endpoint is the electron moving backwards. By counting the backward moving electrons one can observe the effect of neutrino mass on the beta spectrum close to the endpoint. In order to reach sensitivities for mν<0.2 eV, it is necessary to control the ion momentum with a precision better than δp/p<10-5, identify suitable nuclei with low Q-values (in the few to ten keV range), and one must be able to observe at least O(1018) decays.

  3. Search for $\\bar{B}^0\\to\\Lambda_c^+\\Lambda_c^-$ decay at Belle

    CERN Document Server

    Abe, K; Aihara, H; Arinstein, K; Aso, T; Aulchenko, V; Aushev, T; Aziz, T; Bahinipati, S; Bakich, A M; Balagura, V; Ban, Y; Banerjee, S; Barberio, E; Bay, A; Bedny, I; Belous, K S; Bhardwaj, V; Bitenc, U; Blyth, S; Bondar, A; Bozek, A; Bracko, M; Brodzicka, J; Browder, T E; Chang, M C; Chang, P; Chao, Y; Chen, A; Chen, K F; Chen, W T; Cheon, B G; Chiang, C C; Chistov, R; Cho, I S; Choi, S K; Choi, Y; Choi, Y K; Cole, S; Dalseno, J; Danilov, M; Das, A; Dash, M; Dragic, J; Drutskoy, A; Eidelman, S; Epifanov, D; Fratina, S; Fujii, H; Fujikawa, M; Gabyshev, N; Garmash, A; Go, A; Gokhroo, G; Goldenzweig, P; Golob, B; Grosse-Perdekamp, M; Guler, H; Ha, H; Haba, J; Hara, K; Hara, T; Hasegawa, Y; Hastings, N C; Hayasaka, K; Hayashii, H; Hazumi, M; Heffernan, D; Higuchi, T; Hinz, L; Hoedlmoser, H; Hokuue, T; Horii, Y; Hoshi, Y; Hoshina, K; Hou, S; Hou, W S; Hsiung, Y B; Hyun, H J; Igarashi, Y; Iijima, T; Ikado, K; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Ishino, H; Itoh, R; Iwabuchi, M; Iwasaki, M; Iwasaki, Y; Jacoby, C; Joshi, N J; Kaga, M; Kah, D H; Kaji, H; Kajiwara, S; Kakuno, H; Kang, J H; Kapusta, P; Kataoka, S U; Katayama, N; Kawai, H; Kawasaki, T; Kibayashi, A; Kichimi, H; Kim, H J; Kim, H O; Kim, J H; Kim, S K; Kim, Y J; Kinoshita, K; Korpar, S; Kozakai, Y; Krizan, P; Krokovny, P; Kumar, R; Kurihara, E; Kusaka, A; Kuzmin, A; Kwon, Y J; Lange, J S; Leder, G; Lee, J; Lee, J S; Lee, M J; Lee, S E; Lesiak, T; Li, J; Limosani, A; Lin, S W; Liu, Y; Liventsev, D; MacNaughton, J; Majumder, G; Mandl, F; Marlow, D; Matsumura, T; Matyja, A; McOnie, S; Medvedeva, T; Mikami, Y; Mitaroff, W A; Miyabayashi, K; Miyake, H; Miyata, H; Miyazaki, Y; Mizuk, R; Moloney, G R; Mori, T; Müller, J; Murakami, A; Nagamine, T; Nagasaka, Y; Nakahama, Y; Nakamura, I; Nakano, E; Nakao, M; Nakayama, H; Nakazawa, H; Natkaniec, Z; Neichi, K; Nishida, S; Nishimura, K; Nishio, Y; Nishizawa, I; Nitoh, O; Noguchi, S; Nozaki, T; Ogawa, A; Ogawa, S; Ohshima, T; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Ono, S; Ostrowicz, W; Ozaki, H; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Palka, H; Park, C W; Park, H; Park, K S; Parslow, N; Peak, L S; Pernicka, M; Pestotnik, R; Peters, M; Piilonen, L E; Poluektov, A; Rorie, J; Rózanska, M; Sahoo, H; Sakai, Y; Sakamoto, H; Sakaue, H; Sarangi, T R; Satoyama, N; Sayeed, K; Schietinger, T; Schneider, O; Schonmeier, P; Schümann, J; Schwanda, C; Schwartz, A J; Seidl, R; Sekiya, A; Senyo, K; Sevior, M E; Shang, L; Shapkin, M; Shen, C P; Shibuya, H; Shinomiya, S; Shiu, J G; Shwartz, B; Singh, J B; Sokolov, A; Solovieva, E; Somov, A; Stanic, S; Staric, M; Stypula, J; Sugiyama, A; Sumisawa, K; Sumiyoshi, T; Suzuki, S; Suzuki, S Y; Tajima, O; Takasaki, F; Tamai, K; Tamura, N; Tanaka, M; Taniguchi, N; Taylor, G N; Teramoto, Y; Tikhomirov, I; Trabelsi, K; Tse, Y F; Tsuboyama, T; Uchida, K; Uchida, Y; Uehara, S; Ueno, K; Uglov, T; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Urquijo, P; Ushiroda, Y; Usov, Yu; Varner, G; Varvell, K E; Vervink, K; Villa, S; Vinokurova, A; Wang, C C; Wang, C H; Wang, J; Wang, M Z; Wang, P; Wang, X L; Watanabe, M; Watanabe, Y; Wedd, R; Wicht, J; Widhalm, L; Wiechczynski, J; Won, E; Yabsley, B D; Yamaguchi, A; Yamamoto, H; Yamaoka, M; Yamashita, Y; Yamauchi, M; Yuan, C Z; Yusa, Y; Zhang, C C; Zhang, L M; Zhang, Z P; Zhilich, V; Zhulanov, V; Zupanc, A; Zwahlen, N

    2007-01-01

    We search for the doubly charmed baryonic decay $\\bar{B}^0\\to\\Lambda_c^+\\Lambda_c^-$, in a data sample of 479 fb^{-1} accumulated at the $\\Upsilon(4S)$ resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric e^+e^- collider. We find no significant signal and set an upper limit of ${\\cal B}(\\bar{B}^0\\to\\Lambda_c^+\\Lambda_c^-)<6.2\\times10^{-5}$ at 90% confidence level. The result is significantly below a naive extrapolation from ${\\cal B}(B^-\\to\\Xi_c^0\\Lambda_c^)$ assuming a simple Cabibbo-suppression factor of $|V_{cd}/V_{cs}|^2$. The small branching fraction could be attributed to a suppression of the branching fraction due to the large Q value; a general trend observed in various charmed baryonic two-body B decays.

  4. Body mass index associated with genome-wide methylation in breast tissue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hair, Brionna Y; Xu, Zongli; Kirk, Erin L; Harlid, Sophia; Sandhu, Rupninder; Robinson, Whitney R; Wu, Michael C; Olshan, Andrew F; Conway, Kathleen; Taylor, Jack A; Troester, Melissa A

    2015-06-01

    Gene expression studies indicate that body mass index (BMI) is associated with molecular pathways involved in inflammation, insulin-like growth factor activation, and other carcinogenic processes in breast tissue. The goal of this study was to determine whether BMI is associated with gene methylation in breast tissue and to identify pathways that are commonly methylated in association with high BMI. Epigenome-wide methylation profiles were determined using the Illumina HumanMethylation450 BeadChip array in the non-diseased breast tissue of 81 women undergoing breast surgery between 2009 and 2013 at the University of North Carolina Hospitals. Multivariable, robust linear regression was performed to identify methylation sites associated with BMI at a false discovery rate q value breast tissue and may influence epigenetic pathways involved in inflammatory and other carcinogenic processes.

  5. Nuclear β --decay half-lives for {fp} and {fpg} shell nuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Vikas; Srivastava, P. C.; Li, Hantao

    2016-10-01

    In the present work we calculate the allowed {β }--decay half-lives of nuclei with Z=20-30 and N ≤slant 50 systematically under the framework of the nuclear shell model. A recent study shows that some nuclei in this region belong to the island of inversion. We perform calculation for fp shell nuclei using the KB3G effective interaction. In the case of Ni, Cu, and Zn, we used the JUN45 effective interaction. Theoretical results of Q values, half-lives, excitation energies, logft values, and branching fractions are discussed and compared with the experimental data. In the Ni region, we also compared our calculated results with recent experimental data (Xu et al 2014 Phys. Rev. Lett. 113 032505). The present results agree with the experimental data of half-lives in comparison to QRPA.

  6. Overall performance evaluation using an equivalent circuit model for radio-frequency single-electron transistors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saxon Liou

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Charge sensitivities of a radio-frequency single-electron transistor (RF-SET by using amplitude (AD and phase-shift detection (PSD of the reflected RF signals were experimentally studied. It was found that AD is most sensitive at the resonant frequency while PSD is most sensitive at a frequency slightly off the resonance. The best PSD sensitivity is better than the best AD one when the quality factor of a tank circuit is higher than 10; the higher Q-value is, the superior PSD. The maximal change in reflection amplitude and phase-shift were found proportional to the SET conductance change. The above experimental findings were confirmed by the calculation based on an equivalent circuit model.

  7. Background suppression in TeO{sub 2} bolometers with Neganov-Luke amplified cryogenic light detectors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Willers, Michael; Lanfranchi, Jean-Come; Oberauer, Lothar; Schoenert, Stefan [Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Physik Department E15, James Franck Strasse, 85748 Garching (Germany); Excellence Cluster Universe, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748, Garching (Germany); Muenster, Andrea; Potzel, Walter; Roth, Sabine; Wawoczny, Stephan; Zoeller, Andreas [Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Physik Department E15, James Franck Strasse, 85748 Garching (Germany); Giuliani, Andrea [Centre de Sciences Nucleaires et de Sciences de la Matiere, 91405 Orsay Campus (France)

    2015-07-01

    The Neganov-Luke (NL) effect offers a promising way to increase the sensitivity of cryogenic light detectors at low energies. In this talk we show that a highly efficient discrimination between α and e{sup -}/γ induced events in TeO{sub 2} crystals (used in the search for the neutrinoless double beta decay) can be achieved by measuring the Cherenkov radiation emitted by high-energetic electrons within the crystal. By using NL amplified light detectors, a suppression of ∝99% of α-induced events with energies close to the Q-value of {sup 130}Te at ∝2.5 MeV has been achieved for the first time while simultaneously accepting 99.8% of all e{sup -}/γ-induced events.

  8. The Majorana Demonstrator search for neutrinoless double beta decay

    CERN Document Server

    Cuesta, C; Detwiler, J A; Gruszko, J; Guinn, I S; Leon, J; Robertson, R G H; Abgrall, N; Bradley, A W; Chan, Y-D; Mertens, S; Poon, A W P; Vetter, K; Arnquist, I J; Hoppe, E W; Kouzes, R T; Orrell, J L; Avignone, F T; Barabash, A S; Konovalov, S I; Yumatov, V; Bertrand, F E; Galindo-Uribarri, A; Radford, D C; Varner, R L; Yu, C -H; Brudanin, V; Shirchenko, M; Vasilyev, S; Yakushev, E; Zhitnikov, I; Busch, M; Caldwell, T S; Gilliss, T; Henning, R; Howe, M A; MacMullin, J; Meijer, S J; O'Shaughnessy, C; Rager, J; Shanks, B; Trimble, J E; Vorren, K; Xu, W; Christofferson, C D; Dunagan, C; Suriano, A M; Chu, P -H; Elliott, S R; Massarczyk, R; Rielage, K; White, B R; Efremenko, Yu; Lopez, A M; Ejiri, H; Fullmer, A; Giovanetti, G K; Green, M P; Guiseppe, V E; Tedeschi, D; Wiseman, C; Jasinski, B R; Keeter, K J; Kidd, M F; Martin, R D; Romero-Romero, E; Wilkerson, J F

    2016-01-01

    The MAJORANA Collaboration is constructing the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, an ultra-low background, modular, HPGe detector array with a mass of 44.8-kg (29.7 kg enriched >88% in Ge-76) to search for neutrinoless double beta decay in Ge-76. The next generation of tonnescale Ge-based neutrinoless double beta decay searches will probe the neutrino mass scale in the inverted-hierarchy region. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR is envisioned to demonstrate a path forward to achieve a background rate at or below 1 count/tonne/year in the 4 keV region of interest around the Q-value of 2039 keV. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR follows a modular implementation to be easily scalable to the next generation experiment. First data taken with the DEMONSTRATOR are introduced here.

  9. Benchmarking Microwave Cavity Dark Matter Searches using a Radioactive Source

    CERN Multimedia

    Caspers, F

    2014-01-01

    A radioactive source is proposed as a calibration device to verify the sensitivity of a microwave dark matter search experiment. The interaction of e.g., electrons travelling in an arbitrary direction and velocity through an electromagnetically “empty” microwave cavity can be calculated numerically. We give an estimation of the energy deposited by a charged particle into a particular mode. Numerical examples are given for beta emitters and two particular cases: interaction with a field free cavity and interaction with a cavity which already contains an electromagnetic field. Each particle delivers a certain amount of energy related to the modal R/Q value of the cavity. The transferred energy is a function of the particles trajectory and its velocity. It results in a resonant response of the cavity, which can be observed using a sensitive microwave receiver, provided that the deposited energy is significantly above the single photon threshold.

  10. Rigorous analysis of trapped modes in accelerating cavities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolf Schuhmann

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available We report the development of different algorithms for the calculation of quality factors of eigenmodes in accelerating cavities, which have resonance frequencies above the cutoff frequency of the beam tubes. The analysis is based on a discretization of such cavity structures by the finite integration technique, and the radiation at the open boundaries is systematically taken into account by different approaches in time and frequency domain. Results indicate that even single cell cavities of the TESLA type show Q values of 10^{3} and multicell cavities values in excess of 10^{4}. Thus these modes may cause considerable beam instabilities. Comparison with the conventional method of analyzing closed cavities and identifying modes with little change in frequency as a function of boundary condition shows qualitative differences. Some modes from the closed cavity model do not exist in the open structure and thus would be misinterpreted as trapped modes when only a closed cavity analysis is employed.

  11. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR: A Search for Neutrinoless Double-beta Decay of Germanium-76

    CERN Document Server

    Schubert, A G; Avignone, F T; Back, H O; Barabash, A S; Bergevin, M; Bertrand, F E; Boswell, M; Brudanin, V; Busch, M; Chan, Y-D; Christofferson, C D; Collar, J I; Combs, D C; Cooper, R J; Detwiler, J A; Leon, J; Doe, P J; Efremenko, Yu; Egorov, V; Ejiri, H; Elliott, S R; Esterline, J; Fast, J E; Fields, N; Finnerty, P; Fraenkle, F M; Gehman, V M; Giovanetti, G K; Green, M P; Guiseppe, V E; Gusey, K; Hallin, A L; Hazama, R; Henning, R; Hime, A; Hoppe, E W; Horton, M; Howard, S; Howe, M A; Johnson, R A; Keeter, K J; Keillor, M E; Keller, C; Kephart, J D; Kidd, M F; Knecht, A; Kochetov, O; Konovalov, S I; Kouzes, R T; LaFerriere, B; LaRoque, B H; Leviner, L E; Loach, J C; MacMullin, S; Marino, M G; Martin, R D; Mei, D -M; Merriman, J; Miller, M L; Mizouni, L; Nomachi, M; Orrell, J L; Overman, N; Phillips, D G; Poon, A W P; Perumpilly, G; Prior, G; Radford, D C; Rielage, K; Robertson, R G H; Ronquest, M C; Shima, T; Shirchenko, M; Snavely, K J; Sobolev, V; Steele, D; Strain, J; Thomas, K; Timkin, V; Tornow, W; Vanyushin, I; Varner, R L; Vetter, K; Vorren, K; Wilkerson, J F; Wolfe, B A; Yakushev, E; Young, A R; Yu, C ?H; Yumatov, V; Zhan, C

    2011-01-01

    The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay would determine whether the neutrino is a Majorana particle and provide information on the absolute scale of neutrino mass. The MAJORANA Collaboration is constructing the DEMONSTRATOR, an array of germanium detectors, to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 76-Ge. The DEMONSTRATOR will contain 40 kg of germanium; up to 30 kg will be enriched to 86% in 76-Ge. The DEMONSTRATOR will be deployed deep underground in an ultra-low-background shielded environment. Operation of the DEMONSTRATOR aims to determine whether a future tonne-scale germanium experiment can achieve a background goal of one count per tonne-year in a 4-keV region of interest around the 76-Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay Q-value of 2039 keV.

  12. An experimental study of an FEL oscillator with a linear taper

    CERN Document Server

    Benson, S; Neil, G R

    2001-01-01

    Motivated by the work of Saldin, Schneidmiller and Yurkov, we have measured the detuning curve widths, spectral characteristics, efficiency, and energy spread as a function of the taper for low and high Q resonators in the IR Demo FEL at Jefferson Lab. Both positive and negative tapers were used. Gain and frequency agreed surprisingly well with the predictions of a single mode theory. The efficiency agreed reasonably well for a negative taper with a high Q resonator but disagreed for lower Q values both due to the large slippage parameter and the non-ideal resonator Q. We saw better efficiency for a negative taper than for the same positive taper. The energy spread induced in the beam, normalized to the efficiency is larger for the positive taper than for the corresponding negative taper. This indicates that a negative taper is preferred over a positive taper in an energy recovery FEL.

  13. An experimental study of an FEL oscillator with a linear taper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benson, S.; Gubeli, J.; Neil, G. R.

    2001-12-01

    Motivated by the work of Saldin, Schneidmiller and Yurkov, we have measured the detuning curve widths, spectral characteristics, efficiency, and energy spread as a function of the taper for low and high Q resonators in the IR Demo FEL at Jefferson Lab. Both positive and negative tapers were used. Gain and frequency agreed surprisingly well with the predictions of a single mode theory. The efficiency agreed reasonably well for a negative taper with a high Q resonator but disagreed for lower Q values both due to the large slippage parameter and the non-ideal resonator Q. We saw better efficiency for a negative taper than for the same positive taper. The energy spread induced in the beam, normalized to the efficiency is larger for the positive taper than for the corresponding negative taper. This indicates that a negative taper is preferred over a positive taper in an energy recovery FEL.

  14. Flip Chip Bonding of a Quartz MEMS-Based Vibrating Beam Accelerometer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinxing Liang

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a novel method to assemble a micro-accelerometer by a flip chip bonding technique is proposed and demonstrated. Both the main two parts of the accelerometer, a double-ended tuning fork and a base-proof mass structure, are fabricated using a quartz wet etching process on Z cut quartz wafers with a thickness of 100 μm and 300 μm, respectively. The finite element method is used to simulate the vibration mode and optimize the sensing element structure. Taking advantage of self-alignment function of the flip chip bonding process, the two parts were precisely bonded at the desired joint position via AuSn solder. Experimental demonstrations were performed on a maximum scale of 4 × 8 mm2 chip, and high sensitivity up to 9.55 Hz/g with a DETF resonator and a Q value of 5000 in air was achieved.

  15. Flip Chip Bonding of a Quartz MEMS-Based Vibrating Beam Accelerometer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Jinxing; Zhang, Liyuan; Wang, Ling; Dong, Yuan; Ueda, Toshitsugu

    2015-09-02

    In this study, a novel method to assemble a micro-accelerometer by a flip chip bonding technique is proposed and demonstrated. Both the main two parts of the accelerometer, a double-ended tuning fork and a base-proof mass structure, are fabricated using a quartz wet etching process on Z cut quartz wafers with a thickness of 100 μm and 300 μm, respectively. The finite element method is used to simulate the vibration mode and optimize the sensing element structure. Taking advantage of self-alignment function of the flip chip bonding process, the two parts were precisely bonded at the desired joint position via AuSn solder. Experimental demonstrations were performed on a maximum scale of 4 × 8 mm² chip, and high sensitivity up to 9.55 Hz/g with a DETF resonator and a Q value of 5000 in air was achieved.

  16. Direct determination of the atomic mass difference of Re187 and Os187 for neutrino physics and cosmochronology

    CERN Document Server

    Nesterenko, D A; Blaum, K; Block, M; Chenmarev, S; Doerr, A; Droese, C; Filianin, P E; Goncharov, M; Ramirez, E Minaya; Novikov, Yu N; Schweikhard, L; Simon, V V

    2016-01-01

    For the first time a direct determination of the atomic mass difference of 187Re and 187Os has been performed with the Penning-trap mass spectrometer SHIPTRAP applying the novel phase-imaging ion-cyclotron-resonance technique. The obtained value of 2492(30stat)(15sys) eV is in excellent agreement with the Q values determined indirectly with microcalorimetry and thus resolves a long-standing discrepancy with older proportional counter measurements. This is essential for the determination of the neutrino mass from the beta-decay of 187Re as planned in future microcalorimetric measurements. In addition, an accurate mass difference of 187Re and 187Os is also important for the assessment of 187Re for cosmochronology.

  17. Gallium nitride L3 photonic crystal cavities with an average quality factor of 16 900 in the near infrared

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vico Triviño, Noelia; Carlin, Jean-François; Butté, Raphaël; Grandjean, Nicolas [Institute of Condensed Matter Physics, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Minkov, Momchil, E-mail: momchil.minkov@epfl.ch; Savona, Vincenzo [Laboratory of Theoretical Physics of Nanosystems, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Urbinati, Giulia; Galli, Matteo [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Pavia, via Bassi 6, 27100 Pavia (Italy)

    2014-12-08

    Photonic crystal point-defect cavities were fabricated in a GaN free-standing photonic crystal slab. The cavities are based on the popular L3 design, which was optimized using an automated process based on a genetic algorithm, in order to maximize the quality factor. Optical characterization of several individual cavity replicas resulted in an average unloaded quality factor Q = 16 900 at the resonant wavelength λ∼1.3 μm, with a maximal measured Q value of 22 500. The statistics of both the quality factor and the resonant wavelength are well explained by first-principles simulations including fabrication disorder and background optical absorption.

  18. Analysis techniques for background rejection at the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cuesta, C.; Buuck, M.; Detwiler, J. A.; Gruszko, J.; Guinn, I. S.; Leon, J.; Robertson, R. G. H. [Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics, and Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Abgrall, N.; Bradley, A. W.; Chan, Y-D.; Mertens, S.; Poon, A. W. P. [Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States); Arnquist, I. J.; Hoppe, E. W.; Kouzes, R. T.; LaFerriere, B. D.; Orrell, J. L. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA (United States); Avignone, F. T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States); Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Baldenegro-Barrera, C. X.; Bertrand, F. E. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); and others

    2015-08-17

    The MAJORANA Collaboration is constructing the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, an ultra-low background, 40- kg modular HPGe detector array to search for neutrinoless double beta decay in {sup 76}Ge. In view of the next generation of tonne-scale Ge-based 0νβ β-decay searches that will probe the neutrino mass scale in the inverted-hierarchy region, a major goal of the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR is to demonstrate a path forward to achieving a background rate at or below 1 count/tonne/year in the 4 keV region of interest around the Q-value at 2039 keV. The background rejection techniques to be applied to the data include cuts based on data reduction, pulse shape analysis, event coincidences, and time correlations. The Point Contact design of the DEMONSTRATOR’s germanium detectors allows for significant reduction of gamma background.

  19. Internal transport barrier formation in the Tore Supra tokamak

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turco, F; Giruzzi, G; Artaud, J F; Mazon, D [Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA/DSM/IRFM, Cadarache, 13108 St. Paul-lez-Durance (France)

    2009-06-15

    The characteristics of the safety factor profile (q) have been studied for a database of discharges featuring internal transport barrier phenomena under different heating and current drive conditions in the Tore Supra tokamak. The presence of a recurrent link between the time of formation of an internal barrier and the central safety factor (q{sub 0}) crossing a low order rational surface is reported on and discussed for a database of {approx}40 discharges. Other relevant features of the current profile (e.g. the minimal q value, the magnetic shear and the presence of magnetic islands in the plasma) have been investigated, yielding to little or no correlation with the time and location of the barrier.

  20. Analysis of differentially expressed genes in placental tissues of preeclampsia patients using microarray combined with the Connectivity Map database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Y; Liu, J; Huang, S; Zhang, L

    2013-12-01

    Preeclampsia (PE), which affects 2-7% of human pregnancies, causes significant maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. To better understand the pathophysiology of PE, the gene expression profiles of placental tissue from 5 controls and 5 PE patients were assessed using microarray. A total of 224 transcripts were significantly differentially expressed (>2-fold change and q value <0.05, SAM software). Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis indicated that genes involved in hypoxia and oxidative and reductive processes were significantly changed. Three differentially expressed genes (DEGs) involved in these biological processes were further verified by quantitative real-time PCR. Finally, the potential therapeutic agents for PE were explored via the Connectivity Map database. In conclusion, the data obtained in this study might provide clues to better understand the pathophysiology of PE and to identify potential therapeutic agents for PE patients. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Search for Majorana neutrinos with the first two years of EXO-200 data

    CERN Document Server

    :,; Auty, D J; Barbeau, P S; Beauchamp, E; Beck, D; Belov, V; Benitez-Medina, C; Bonatt, J; Breidenbach, M; Brunner, T; Burenkov, A; Cao, G F; Chambers, C; Chaves, J; Cleveland, B; Coon, M; Craycraft, A; Daniels, T; Danilov, M; Daugherty, S J; Davis, C G; Davis, J; DeVoe, R; Delaquis, S; Didberidze, T; Dolgolenko, A; Dolinski, M J; Dunford, M; Fairbank, W; Farine, J; Feldmeier, W; Fierlinger, P; Fudenberg, D; Giroux, G; Gornea, R; Graham, K; Gratta, G; Hall, C; Herrin, S; Hughes, M; Jewell, M J; Jiang, X S; Johnson, A; Johnson, T N; Johnston, S; Karelin, A; Kaufman, L J; Killick, R; Koffas, T; Kravitz, S; Kuchenkov, A; Kumar, K S; Leonard, D S; Leonard, F; Licciardi, C; Lin, Y H; MacLellan, R; Marino, M G; Mong, B; Moore, D; Nelson, R; Odian, A; Ostrovskiy, I; Ouellet, C; Piepke, A; Pocar, A; Prescott, C Y; Rivas, A; Rowson, P C; Rozo, M P; Russell, J J; Schubert, A; Sinclair, D; Slutsky, S; Smith, E; Stekhanov, V; Tarka, M; Tolba, T; Tosi, D; Twelker, K; Vogel, P; Vuilleumier, J -L; Waite, A; Walton, J; Walton, T; Weber, M; Wen, L J; Wichoski, U; Wright, J D; Yang, L; Yen, Y -R; Zeldovich, O Ya; Zhao, Y B

    2014-01-01

    We report on new results from the EXO-200 double-beta-decay experiment with 99.8 kg$\\cdot$yr of Xe-136 exposure, representing an almost fourfold increase from earlier publications. The detector resolution at the Xe-136 double-beta-decay Q-value has been improved to $\\sigma/E=1.53%$ and the background in the $\\pm2\\sigma$ region of interest has been determined to be $(1.7\\pm0.2)\\cdot 10^{-3}$ keV$^{-1}$ kg$^{-1}$ yr$^{-1}$, consistent with previous results. Both the exposure and the background rate are among the best in the literature, resulting in a 90% CL half-life sensitivity of $1.9\\cdot10^{25}$ yr. We find no statistically significant evidence for $0\

  2. Design study of a movable mask with low beam impedance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Suetsugu

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available A novel design of a movable mask (collimator for high-current accelerators is proposed. The mask head is supported by a ceramic rod to reduce interference with the beam. One side of the support is coated with a thin (∼1   μm conductive material to avoid extra charge up of the head. The head is also made of ceramics to avoid direct damage from an intense beam. To investigate the availability of the new movable mask, the rf properties, such as the impedances of trapped modes and the loss factors, were evaluated by simulation codes. The frequencies and the Q values of the trapped modes were also measured using a test model, and compared with calculated ones. Two trial modes for KEKB are being manufactured, and will be tested with beams next year.

  3. Manufacturing technology for high quality swept-culture growth quartz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balascio, J. F.; Lias, N. C.

    1983-09-01

    Relatively low impurity alpha-quartz has been grown from the hydroxide mineralizer system with the use of three types of nutrient: converted, special cultured and cultured. The converted nutrient resulted in the lowest total ppm level (2.6) and Al ppm level (0.5) in the as-grown crystals. Special cultured and cultured nutrients resulted in 1.7 ppm and 2.1 ppm of aluminum in crystals grown, respectively, from these nutrients. Infrared Q values ranged from 2.5x10 to the 6th power in these crystals. With respect to rho in the as-grown crystals, a ten minute etching of seeds in 7.0 molal ammonium bifluoride has resulted in the growth of the lowest etch channel density crystals (approx = 135/sq cm).

  4. Theoretical analysis of microring resonator-based biosensor with high resolution and free of temperature influence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jian, Aoqun; Zou, Lu; Tang, Haiquan; Duan, Qianqian; Ji, Jianlong; Zhang, Qianwu; Zhang, Xuming; Sang, Shengbo

    2017-06-01

    The issue of thermal effects is inevitable for the ultrahigh refractive index (RI) measurement. A biosensor with parallel-coupled dual-microring resonator configuration is proposed to achieve high resolution and free thermal effects measurement. Based on the coupled-resonator-induced transparency effect, the design and principle of the biosensor are introduced in detail, and the performance of the sensor is deduced by simulations. Compared to the biosensor based on a single-ring configuration, the designed biosensor has a 10-fold increased Q value according to the simulation results, thus the sensor is expected to achieve a particularly high resolution. In addition, the output signal of the mathematical model of the proposed sensor can eliminate the thermal influence by adopting an algorithm. This work is expected to have great application potentials in the areas of high-resolution RI measurement, such as biomedical discoveries, virus screening, and drinking water safety.

  5. Quantum noise of a Michelson-Sagnac interferometer with translucent mechanical oscillator

    CERN Document Server

    Yamamoto, Kazuhiro; Westphal, Tobias; Gossler, Stefan; Danzmann, Karsten; Schnabel, Roman; Somiya, Kentaro; Danilishin, Stefan L

    2009-01-01

    Quantum fluctuations in the radiation pressure of light can excite stochastic motions of mechanical oscillators thereby realizing a linear quantum opto-mechanical coupling. When performing a precise measurement of the position of an oscillator, this coupling results in quantum radiation pressure noise. Up to now this effect has not been observed yet. Generally speaking, the strength of radiation pressure noise increases when the effective mass of the oscillator is decreased or when the power of the reflected light is increased. Recently, extremely light SiN membranes with high mechanical Q-values at room temperature have attracted attention as low thermal noise mechanical oscillators. However, the power reflectance of these membranes is much lower than unity which makes the use of advanced interferometer recycling techniques to amplify the radiation pressure noise in a standard Michelson interferometer inefficient. Here, we propose and theoretically analyze a Michelson-Sagnac interferometer that includes the ...

  6. Particle Discrimination in TeO$_{2}$ Bolometers using Light Detectors read out by Transition Edge Sensors

    CERN Document Server

    Schäffner, K; Bellini, F; Casali, N; Ferroni, F; Hauff, D; Nagorny, N; Pattavina, L; Petricca, F; Pirro, S; Pröbst, F; Reindl, F; Seidel, W; Strauss, R

    2014-01-01

    An active discrimination of the dominant $\\alpha$-background is the prerequisite for future DBD experiments based on TeO$_{2}$ bolometers. We investigate such $\\alpha$-particle rejection in cryogenic TeO$_{2}$ bolometers by the detection of Cherenkov light. For a setup consisting of a large TeO$_{2}$ crystal 285 g and a separate cryogenic light detector, both read out by transition edge sensors at around 10 mK, we obtain an event-by-event identification of e/$\\gamma$- and $\\alpha$-events. In the energy interval ranging from 2400 keV to 2800 keV and covering the Q-value of $^{130}$Te a discrimination power of 3.7 could be demonstrated.

  7. A complete kinematics approach to study multi-particle final state reactions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alcorta, M. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, Serrano 113 bis, Madrid E-28006 (Spain)], E-mail: alcorta@iem.cfmac.csic.es; Kirsebom, O. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Aarhus, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Borge, M.J.G. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, Serrano 113 bis, Madrid E-28006 (Spain); Fynbo, H.O.U.; Riisager, K. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Aarhus, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Tengblad, O. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, Serrano 113 bis, Madrid E-28006 (Spain)

    2009-07-01

    Detection in complete kinematics using highly segmented detectors can provide detailed information on the structure of excited nuclear states and their decay mechanisms. The detection of final states consisting of several particles gives rise to many challenges. We present here new techniques that allow for the extraction of physics from the many open channels. In particular this complete kinematic analysis technique has been applied to data from low-energy, high Q-value, light-ion reactions {sup 10}B({sup 3}He,p{alpha}{alpha}{alpha}), {sup 11}B({sup 3}He,d{alpha}{alpha}{alpha}), and {sup 7}Li({sup 3}He,p{alpha}{alpha})n, all of them performed at the CMAM tandem accelerator in Madrid.

  8. Theoretical designs for novel photonic crystal nanocavities with Si (111) interfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasmusinto, Alyssa; Sotto, Moïse; Al-Attili, Abdelrahman Zaher; Debnath, Kapil; Saito, Shinichi

    2017-09-01

    We designed a series of photonic crystal (PhC) nanocavities using atomically flat silicon (111) interfaces and examined the impacts of the surfaces on the optical confinement. The nanocavities were simulated using the 3D finite-difference time-domain method and assessed against existing PhCs. Despite the design restrictions, we showed that a Q value up to 115,800 and Q/V values of 103-105λ-3 are achievable without further design optimization. The results suggest that silicon (111) surfaces can be used for fabricating PhC nanocavity-based devices in a practical and economical way with high manufacturing tolerance and increased repeatability.

  9. N-Body Simulation of Planetesimal Formation through Gravitational Instability of a Dust Layer in Laminar Gas Disk

    CERN Document Server

    Michikoshi, Shugo; Inutsuka, Shu-ichiro

    2010-01-01

    We investigate the formation process of planetesimals from the dust layer by the gravitational instability in the gas disk using local $N$-body simulations. The gas is modeled as a background laminar flow. We study the formation process of planetesimals and its dependence on the strength of the gas drag. Our simulation results show that the formation process is divided into three stages qualitatively: the formation of wake-like density structures, the creation of planetesimal seeds, and their collisional growth. The linear analysis of the dissipative gravitational instability shows that the dust layer is secularly unstable although Toomre's $Q$ value is larger than unity. However, in the initial stage, the growth time of the gravitational instability is longer than that of the dust sedimentation and the decrease in the velocity dispersion. Thus, the velocity dispersion decreases and the disk shrinks vertically. As the velocity dispersion becomes sufficiently small, the gravitational instability finally become...

  10. Analysis techniques for background rejection at the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR

    CERN Document Server

    Cuesta, C; Arnquist, I J; Avignone, F T; Baldenegro-Barrera, C X; Barabash, A S; Bertrand, F E; Bradley, A W; Brudanin, V; Busch, M; Buuck, M; Byram, D; Caldwell, A S; Chan, Y-D; Christofferson, C D; Detwiler, J A; Efremenko, Yu; Ejiri, H; Elliott, S R; Galindo-Uribarri, A; Gilliss, T; Giovanetti, G K; Goett, J; Green, M P; Gruszko, J; Guinn, I S; Guiseppe, V E; Henning, R; Hoppe, E W; Howard, S; Howe, M A; Jasinski, B R; Keeter, K J; Kidd, M F; Konovalov, S I; Kouzes, R T; LaFerriere, B D; Leon, J; MacMullin, J; Martin, R D; Meijer, S J; Mertens, S; Orrell, J L; O'Shaughnessy, C; Poon, A W P; Radford, D C; Rager, J; Rielage, K; Robertson, R G H; Romero-Romero, E; Shanks, B; Shirchenko, M; Snyder, N; Suriano, A M; Tedeschi, D; Trimble, J E; Varner, R L; Vasilyev, S; Vetter, K; Vorren, K; White, B R; Wilkerson, J F; Wiseman, C; Xu, W; Yakushev, E; Yu, C -H; Yumatov, V; Zhitnikov, I

    2015-01-01

    The MAJORANA Collaboration is constructing the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, an ultra-low background, 40-kg modular HPGe detector array to search for neutrinoless double beta decay in 76Ge. In view of the next generation of tonne-scale Ge-based 0nbb-decay searches that will probe the neutrino mass scale in the inverted-hierarchy region, a major goal of the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR is to demonstrate a path forward to achieving a background rate at or below 1 count/tonne/year in the 4 keV region of interest around the Q-value at 2039 keV. The background rejection techniques to be applied to the data include cuts based on data reduction, pulse shape analysis, event coincidences, and time correlations. The Point Contact design of the DEMONSTRATOR 0s germanium detectors allows for significant reduction of gamma background.

  11. Nuclear neutrino energy spectra in high temperature astrophysical environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misch, G. Wendell; Fuller, George M.

    2016-11-01

    Astrophysical environments that reach temperatures greater than ˜100 keV can have significant neutrino energy loss via both plasma processes and nuclear weak interactions. We find that nuclear processes likely produce the highest-energy neutrinos. The important weak nuclear interactions include both charged current channels (electron capture and emission and positron capture and emission) and neutral current channels (deexcitation of nuclei via neutrino pair emission). We show that, in order to make a realistic prediction of the nuclear neutrino spectrum, one must take nuclear structure into account; in some cases, the most important transitions may involve excited states, possibly in both parent and daughter nuclei. We find that the standard technique of producing a neutrino energy spectrum by using a single transition with a Q value and matrix element chosen to fit published neutrino production rates and energy losses will not accurately capture important spectral features.

  12. Designing of Scale to Measure the Attitude of ARS Trainees towards FOCARS Programme of NAARM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Prashanth

    2016-05-01

    The extent of effectivenesss of the programme is depends on the attitude change of the trainees. To measure the attitude of the trainees a standardised scale was essential. Hence, it was felt necessary to construct a comprehensive, valid and reliable scale for studying the attitude of trainees towards FOCARS programme. Method of equal appearing intervals developed by Thurstone and Chave (1929 was used. Finally sixty statements were selected after the editing based on Edwards criteria. The statements were then subjected for judging to 40 experts. Each subject was asked to judge the degree of more favorableness or more unfavorableness of feeling expressed by each statement in terms of the 11 intervals. Finally, 26 statements were selected from statements for which scale (S and Q values were worked out. The scale values of the statements on the psychological continuum were relatively equally spaced.

  13. An effective method for network module extraction from microarray data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahanta Priyakshi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The development of high-throughput Microarray technologies has provided various opportunities to systematically characterize diverse types of computational biological networks. Co-expression network have become popular in the analysis of microarray data, such as for detecting functional gene modules. Results This paper presents a method to build a co-expression network (CEN and to detect network modules from the built network. We use an effective gene expression similarity measure called NMRS (Normalized mean residue similarity to construct the CEN. We have tested our method on five publicly available benchmark microarray datasets. The network modules extracted by our algorithm have been biologically validated in terms of Q value and p value. Conclusions Our results show that the technique is capable of detecting biologically significant network modules from the co-expression network. Biologist can use this technique to find groups of genes with similar functionality based on their expression information.

  14. Analysis of Single-Mode Fiber Link Performance for Attenuation in Long-Haul Optical Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaur, Karamjit; Singh, Hardeep

    2017-03-01

    In the past decades, optical fiber has been widely used in communication system owing to low transmission losses, large information carrying capacity, small size, immunity to electrical interference and increased signal security. Focusing on increasing the network transmission capacity, control on the quality of transmission was the field that withdraws attention of research community. For this reason, fiber losses and their compensation remain the important design issue. In the present work, an effort is put in to design a system capable of doing error analysis of system for power losses taking place in the presence of attenuation effect. Attenuation is one of the important phenomena that determine the maximum possible distance between a transmitter and receiver or quantity and position of amplifiers and repeaters in optical networks. The mathematical model equations are obtained representing variation trends of bit error rate BER and Q-value with varying attenuation, which has been verified by different wavelength sources and network conditions.

  15. Perturbed Angular Correlation (PAC)/NMR spectroscopic properties and dynamics of compounds containing metal ions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arcisauskaité, Vaida

    steps towards understanding how Zn(II) reaches its target position in biological systems in vivo and in vitro experiments in aqueous solution, is the detailed investigation of water exchange reactions for Zn(II)(aq). A very advanced (albeit not complete) picture of structure and dynamics of solvated Zn......199mHg PAC and 199Hg NMR spectroscopic properties, nuclear quadrupole coupling constants, Q, asymmetry parameters, , and chemical shifts, , respectively, are the fingerprint of the local molecular and electronic structure, at the probed Hg nuclei. For this reason, these spectroscopic techniques...... compounds in terms of the atomic constituents. The analysis provided a chemophysical interpretation of changes in Vzz upon structural distortions and ligand exchange. The gained insights can be useful when predicting and understanding changes in Q values for Hg binding sites in proteins. One of the first...

  16. Effect of freezing on electrical properties and quality of thawed chicken breast meat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Ran; Wang, Peng; Han, Minyi; Chen, Tianhao; Xu, Xinglian; Zhou, Guanghong

    2017-01-01

    Objective The objective of this research was to study the electrical properties and quality of frozen-thawed chicken breast meat and to investigate the relationship between these parameters at different times of frozen storage. Methods Thawed samples of chicken breast muscles were evaluated after being kept in frozen storage at −18°C for different periods of time (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 months). Results The results showed that water-holding capacity (WHC) and protein solubility decreased while thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances content increased with increasing storage time. The impedance module of samples decreased during 8-month frozen storage. Pearson correlation coefficients showed that the impedance change ratio (Q value) was significantly (pmeat. Conclusion Impedance measurement has a potential to assess the quality of frozen chicken meat combining with quality indices. PMID:27554358

  17. High Resolution Refractive Index Sensor Based on the Non-Complete Surface State of 1-D Photonic Crystal.%基于非完整表面缺陷模式的一维光子晶体高分辨率折射率传感器

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫江周; 吴一辉; 宣明; 郝鹏

    2011-01-01

    介绍了一种新型一维光子晶体非完整表面缺陷模式折射率传感器的原理及方法,并构建了高分辨率、高Q值传感器探测实验系统,利用二甲基砜溶液验证了这种传感器.实验结果表明,该折射率传感器的灵敏度为3 025 nm·RIU-1(Refractive index LJnit),当光谱仪的分辨率为0.01 mn时,传感器的分辨率为3.3×10-6RIU.该传感器的Q值为260,并且在1.4~1.42范围内具有良好的线性度(线性度为0.991 27).文章分析了传感器Q值与光子晶体周期数及被探测液体厚度之间的关系.理论和实验证明这种全反射型光子晶体表面波传感器具有与SPR相似的无标、实时生物检测的特点且可获得更高的探测灵敏度、Q值和分辨率.%A novel refractive index sensor based on one-dimensional photonic crystal non-complete surface defect is introduced and the principle and the method of the sensor are discussed. The experiment system used to detect the refractive index was constructed to get high resolution and high Q-value The sensor is verified by detecting the dimethyl sulphone solution. The experimental result indicates that this refractive index sensor’s sensitivity is 3 025 nm·RIU-1, and when the resolution of spectrometer is 0.01 nm the resolution of this sensor is 3.3× 10-6 RIU. The Q value of this sensor is 260, and the sensor has good linearity in 1.4~1.42 range (the linearity is 0.991 27). It was analyzed how the photonic crystal periodicity and liquid thickness affect the Q value of the sensor. The result proved that this kind of total reflection photonic crystal surface wave sensor is label free,which is similar with SPR sensor, and the sensor has high resolution, high Q-value and has real-time survey characteristic.

  18. Inelastic fast relaxation in a weakly fragile polymer glass near Tg

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frick, B.; Richter, D.; Trevino, S.

    1993-12-01

    Incoherent inelastic neutron scattering experiments on the weakly fragile polymer glass polyisobutylene (PIB) show a fast inelastic relaxation component at temperatures exceeding the glass transition temperature, Tg = 200 K. The temperature dependence of the inelastic excess excitation is similar to that of the quasielastic relaxation observed usually in other glass formers near Tg. We are investigating the elastic and inelastic form factors for Q values up to 6 Å -1 and for the temperature range Tg - 200 K < T < Tg + 100 K. We interpret our observations as being due to changes of the torsional librations of the polymer backbone. Furthermore we calculate the hydrogen weighted vibrational density of states up to 100 meV. In the low frequency range we find an intensity contribution which does not follow a Q2 dependence.

  19. Performance study of acoustophoretic microfluidic silicon-glass devices by characterization of material- and geometry-dependent frequency spectra

    CERN Document Server

    Garofalo, Fabio; Bruus, Henrik

    2016-01-01

    The mechanical and electrical response of acoustophoretic microfluidic devices attached to an ac-voltage-driven piezoelectric transducer is studied by means of numerical simulations. The governing equations are formulated in a variational framework that, introducing Lagrangian and Hamiltonian densities, is used to derive the weak form for the finite element discretization of the equations and to characterize the device response in terms of frequency-dependent figures of merit or indicators. The effectiveness of the device in focusing microparticles is quantified by two mechanical indicators: the average direction of the pressure gradient and the amount of acoustic energy localized in the microchannel. Further, we derive the relations between the Lagrangian, the Hamiltonian and three electrical indicators: the resonance Q-value, the impedance and the electric power. The frequency response of the hard-to-measure mechanical indicators is correlated to that of the easy-to-measure electrical indicators, and by int...

  20. Orbiting features in the strongly damped binary decay of the {sup 28}Si+{sup 16}O system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, J.M. Jr.; Lepine-Szily, A.; Villari, A.C.; Lichtenthaeler, R.; Gomes, L.C.; Sciani, W.; Fachini, P.; Lima, G.L.; Martins, A.C.; Chiste, V.; Casandjian, J.M. [Departamento de Fisica Nuclear, Instituto de Fisica da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 66318, CEP 05389-970 Sao Paulo (Brazil)]|[Departamento de Ciencias e Matematica da Universidade de Sorocaba, Av. General Osorio, 35, Caixa Postal 578 e 587, CEP 18060-000 Sorocaba, S.P (Brazil)]|[GANIL, B.P.5027--14021 Caen, Cedex (France); Pacheco, A.J.; Testoni, J.E.; Abriola, D.; Macchiavelli, A.O.; Hasenbalg, F.; Capurro, O.A.; Tomasi, D.; Fernandez Niello, J.; Brandizzi, D. [Laboratorio TANDAR, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Avenida Del Libertador 8250, 1429 Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    1996-06-01

    The binary decay into strongly damped fragments and the quasielastic reactions of the {sup 28}Si+{sup 16}O system were measured at {ital E}{sub lab}=107.5 and 139.0 MeV in the angular range of 30{degree}{le}{theta}{sub c.m.}{le}150{degree} using kinematic coincidence. The loss in the binary decay cross section due to light particle evaporation by the highly excited fragments was evaluated. The {ital Q}-value-integrated angular distributions of the primary decay exhibit the 1/sin{theta}{sub c.m.} behavior at backward angles, indicating a long lifetime. Mass distributions and the {sup 16}O/{sup 12}C ratio suggest a noncompound process for the reaction mechanism. Coupled-channels calculations, including a great number of channels populated in the reactions, yield good agreement with the experimental angular distributions. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  1. AA, shims and washers on quadrupole ends

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN PhotoLab

    1981-01-01

    Due to the fact that much of the field of the quadrupoles was outside the iron (in particular with the wide quadrupoles) and that thus the fields of quadrupoles and bending magnets interacted, the lattice properties of the AA could not be predicted with the required accuracy. After a first running period in 1980, during which detailed measurements were made with proton test beams, corrections to the quadrupoles were made in 1981, in the form of laminated shims at the ends of the poles, and with steel washers. With the latter ones, further refinements were made in an iterative procedure with measurements on the circulating beam. This eventually resulted, amongst other things, in a very low chromaticity, with the Q-values being constant to within +- 0.001 over the total momentum range of 6 %. Here we see the shims and washers on a narrow qudrupole (QFN, QDN). See also 8103203, 8103204, 8103205, 8103206.

  2. Liquid refractive index sensor based on a 2D 10-fold photonic quasicrystal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shuai; Sun, XiaoHong; Wang, Cong; Peng, Gangding; Qi, Yongle; Wang, XiShi

    2017-09-01

    A liquid refractive index sensor is designed and optimized by using silicon-rods based on a 10-fold photonic quasicrystal without defects. The resonant mode with high Q value is chosen as the sensing wavelength in the transmission spectrum. By changing the radius of the silicon pillars, the sensor size and the refractive index of the background media, different types of sensors are designed and investigated. On the other hand, the performance of the sensor is investigated including the measurement range, sensitivity, etc. In the detection limit of spectral instruments, 0.02 nm, the sensing accuracy is 10-4 refractive index unit with a figure of merit of 1478. The measurement range is from 1.2731 to 1.4185. This will provide a new method for the design and fabrication of lab-on-chip, microfluidic optical elements and integrated optical circuits.

  3. Systematics for low energy incomplete fusion: Still a puzzle?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yadav Abhishek

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to have a better and clear picture of incomplete fusion reactions at energies ≈4-7MeV/nucleon, the excitation function measurements have been performed for 18O+159Tb system. The experimental data have been analyzed within the framework of compound nucleus decay. The cross-section for xn/pxn-channels are found to be well reproduced by PACE4 predictions, which suggest their production via complete fusion process. However, a significant enhancement in the excitation functions of α-emitting channels has been observed over the theoretical ones, which has been attributed due to the incomplete fusion processes. The incomplete fusion fractions have been deduced at each studied energy and compared with other nearby systems for better insight into the underlying dynamics. The incomplete fusion fraction has been found to be sensitive to the projectile’s energy and α-Q-value.

  4. Beta-decay energies and masses of short-lived isotopes of rubidium, caesium, francium, and radium

    CERN Document Server

    Westgaard, L; Nyman, G H; Roeckl, E

    1975-01-01

    Total decay energies have been measured for a number of neutron- deficient Rb and Cs isotopes, as well as for some neutron-rich isotopes of Fr and Ra. Mass separated sources were produced at the ISOLDE on-line separator at CERN. By applying two different beta - gamma coincidence methods, Q values or their lower limits were determined for /sup 76-78/Rb, /sup 80/Rb, /sup 121-124/Cs, /sup 222 /Fr, /sup 224-226/Fr, /sup 229/Ra and /sup 229/Ac. For many of these nuclei, the atomic mass excesses could be derived, allowing the comparison of masses of far unstable nuclei with predictions from mass formulae. The odd-odd nuclei /sup 76/Rb and /sup 78/Rb appear to be 1-1/sup 1///sub 2/ MeV more strongly bound than expected from the systematics. (70 refs).

  5. Membrane-mediated capillary electrophoresis: interaction of cationic peptides with bicelles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, John O; Holland, Lisa A

    2004-05-01

    Electrokinetic capillary chromatography is applied to determine the membrane affinity of peptides using both 1,2-dihexanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DHPC) micelles and DHPC/1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC) bicelles under controlled conditions. The effect of temperature and the bicelle q value in surface association with cationic peptides is studied. The cationic peptides selected have a well-defined membrane structure (indolicidin), induced secondary structure (melittin, magainin 2), or do not possess classical secondary structure (atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) 1-28, 4-28, 5-27). Electrokinetic capillary chromatography facilitated by DMPC and DHPC additives provides a rapid means of estimating lipophilicity and screening for peptides that have membrane affinity.

  6. Nuclear neutrino energy spectra in high temperature astrophysical environments

    CERN Document Server

    Misch, G Wendell

    2016-01-01

    Astrophysical environments that reach temperatures greater than $\\sim$ 100 keV can have significant neutrino energy loss via both plasma processes and nuclear weak interactions. We find that nuclear processes likely produce the highest-energy neutrinos. Among the important weak nuclear interactions are both charged current channels (electron capture/emission and positron capture/emission) and neutral current channels (de-excitation of nuclei via neutrino pair emission). We show that in order to make a realistic prediction of the nuclear neutrino spectrum, one must take nuclear structure into account; in some cases, the most important transitions may involve excited states, possibly in both parent and daughter nuclei. We find that the standard technique of producing a neutrino energy spectrum by using a single transition with a Q-value and matrix element chosen to fit published neutrino production rates and energy losses will not accurately capture important spectral features.

  7. Photoinduced electron transfer reactions of ruthenium(II)-complexes containing amino acid with quinones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eswaran, Rajkumar; Kalayar, Swarnalatha; Paulpandian, Muthu Mareeswaran; Seenivasan, Rajagopal

    2014-05-01

    With the aim of mimicking, at basic level the photoinduced electron transfer process in the reaction center of photosystem II, ruthenium(II)-polypyridyl complexes, carrying amino acids were synthesized and studied their photoinduced electron transfer reactions with quinones by steady state and time resolved measurements. The reaction of quinones with excited state of ruthenium(II)-complexes, I-V in acetonitrile has been studied by luminescence quenching technique and the rate constant, k(q), values are close to the diffusion controlled rate. The detection of the semiquinone anion radical in this system using time-resolved transient absorption spectroscopy confirms the electron transfer nature of the reaction. The semiclassical theory of electron transfer has been successfully applied to the photoluminescence quenching of Ru(II)-complexes with quinones.

  8. Optimization and Design of Wideband Antenna Based on Q Factor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Han Liu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A wideband antenna is designed based on Q factor in this paper. Firstly, the volume-surface integral equations (VSIEs and self-adaptive differential evolution algorithm (DEA are introduced as the basic theories to optimize antennas. Secondly, we study the computation of Q of arbitrary shaped structures, aiming at designing an antenna with maximum bandwidth by minimizing the Q of the antenna. This method is much more efficient for only Q values at specific frequency points that are computed, which avoids optimizing bandwidth directly. Thirdly, an integrated method combining the above method with VSIEs and self-adaptive DEA is employed to optimize the wideband antenna, extending its bandwidth from 11.5~16.5 GHz to 7~20 GHz. Lastly, the optimized antenna is fabricated and measured. The measured results are consistent with the simulated results, demonstrating the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method.

  9. SRF Cavity Fabrication and Materials

    CERN Document Server

    Singer, W

    2014-07-17

    The technological and metallurgical requirements of material for highgradient superconducting cavities are described. High-purity niobium, as the preferred metal for the fabrication of superconducting accelerating cavities, should meet exact specifications. The content of interstitial impurities such as oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon must be below 10μg/g. The hydrogen content should be kept below 2μg/g to prevent degradation of the Q-value under certain cool-down conditions. The material should be free of flaws (foreign material inclusions or cracks and laminations) that can initiate a thermal breakdown. Defects may be detected by quality control methods such as eddy current scanning and identified by a number of special methods. Conventional and alternative cavity fabrication methods are reviewed. Conventionally, niobium cavities are fabricated from sheet niobium by the formation of half-cells by deep drawing, followed by trim machining and Electron-Beam Welding (EBW). The welding of half-cells is a delicate...

  10. First Experience with Dry-Ice Cleaning on SRF Cavities

    CERN Document Server

    Reschke, D

    2004-01-01

    The surface of superconducting (s.c.) accelerator cavities must be cleaned from any kind of contaminations, like particles or chemical residues. Contaminations might act as centers for field emission, thus limiting the maximum gradient. Today's final cleaning is based on high pressure rinsing with ultra pure water. Application of dry-ice cleaning might result in additional cleaning potential. Dry-ice cleaning using the sublimation-impulse method removes particulate and film contaminations without residues. As a first qualifying step intentionally contaminated niobium samples were treated by dry ice cleaning. It resulted in a drastic reduction of DC field emission up to fields of 100 MV/m as well as in the reduction of particle numbers. The dry ice jet caused no observable surface damage. First cleaning tests on single-cell cavities showed Q-values at low fields up to 4x1010

  11. Body wave attenuation characteristics in the crust of Alborz region and North Central Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrokhi, M.; Hamzehloo, H.

    2016-11-01

    Attenuation of P and S waves has been investigated in Alborz and north central part of Iran using the data recorded by two permanent and one temporary networks during October 20, 2009, to December 22, 2010. The dataset consists of 14,000 waveforms from 380 local earthquakes (2 Iran, respectively. These relations for Q S for Alborz region and North Central Iran have estimated as (83 ± 8)f (0.99 ± 0.07) and (68 ± 5)f (0.96 ± 0.05), respectively. The observed low Q values could be the results of thermoelastic effects and/or existing fracture. The estimated frequency-dependent relationships are comparable with tectonically active regions.

  12. Latest results of NEXT-DEMO, the prototype of the NEXT 100 double beta decay experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Serra, L; Martin-Albo, J; Sorel, M; Gomez-Cadenas, J J

    2014-01-01

    NEXT-DEMO is a 1:4.5 scale prototype of the NEXT100 detector, a high-pressure xenon gas TPC that will search for the neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{136}$Xe. X-ray energy depositions produced by the de-excitation of Xenon atoms after the interaction of gamma rays from radioactive sources have been used to characterize the response of the detector obtaining the spatial calibration needed for close-to-optimal energy resolution. Our result, 5.5% FWHM at 30 keV, extrapolates to 0.6% FWHM at the Q value of $^{136}$Xe. Additionally, alpha decays from radon have been used to measure several detection properties and parameters of xenon gas such as electron-ion recombination, electron drift velocity, diffusion and primary scintillation light yield. Alpha spectroscopy is also used to quantify the activity of radon inside the detector, a potential source of background for most double beta decay experiments.

  13. The microfocus small-angle X-ray scattering at SSRF BL16B1

    CERN Document Server

    Hua, Wenqiang; Zhou, Ping; Li, Xiuhong; Bian, Fenggang; Wang, Jie

    2016-01-01

    Offering high-brilliance X-ray beams on micrometer length scales, the microfocus SAXS at SSRF BL16B1 was established with a KB mirror system for studying small sample volumes, or probing micro-scopic morphologies. The SAXS minimum q value was 0.1nm^-1 with a flux of 1.5 x 10^10photons/s. Two position-resolved scanning experimental methods was combined with microfocus SAXS that include STXM and CT. The experimental results of a standard sample was presented to illustrate the performance of the microfocus SAXS method. Because of the significant smearing effect in the horizontal direction, an effective and easy-to-use desmearing procedure for two-dimensional SAXS pattern based on the blind deconvolution was developed and the deblurring results demonstrated the good restoration effect for the defocus image.

  14. Cluster emissions with ? daughter from neutron-rich nuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Satish; Batra, J. S.; Gupta, Raj K.

    1996-02-01

    Cluster emissions from neutron-rich 0954-3899/22/2/006/img2, and 0954-3899/22/2/006/img3 nuclei are studied within the preformed cluster model of Malik and Gupta. Q-value estimates of the decays selected on the basis of shell effects in binding energies and their relative preformation probabilities show that these nuclei are stable (Qdecays and all the metastable (Q>0) decays are of non-alpha-like heavy clusters. The most probable decays (minimum half-life times) are the ones with a doubly magic 0954-3899/22/2/006/img6 nucleus as the daughter nucleus, arising due to the WKB penetrability. Compared to the presently measurable alpha-like cluster decays of the corresponding neutron-deficient parents into a 0954-3899/22/2/006/img7 daughter nucleus, these decays are suppressed by many orders of magnitude.

  15. Cluster pre-existence probability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rajeswari, N.S.; Vijayaraghavan, K.R.; Balasubramaniam, M. [Bharathiar University, Department of Physics, Coimbatore (India)

    2011-10-15

    Pre-existence probability of the fragments for the complete binary spectrum of different systems such as {sup 56}Ni, {sup 116}Ba, {sup 226}Ra and {sup 256}Fm are calculated, from the overlapping part of the interaction potential using the WKB approximation. The role of reduced mass as well as the classical hydrodynamical mass in the WKB method is analysed. Within WKB, even for negative Q -value systems, the pre-existence probability is calculated. The calculations reveal rich structural information. The calculated results are compared with the values of preformed cluster model of Gupta and collaborators. The mass asymmetry motion is shown here for the first time as a part of relative separation motion. (orig.)

  16. Cluster radioactivity and very asymmetric fission through compact and creviced shapes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Royer, G.; Gupta, Raj K.; Denisov, V. Yu.

    1998-03-01

    The decay of radioactive nuclei which emit heavy clusters such as C, O, Ne, Mg and Si has been studied in the fission valley which leads one spherical nucleus towards two spherical touching nuclei before crossing the barrier. Assuming volume conservation, the macroscopic deformation energy has been calculated within a generalized liquid-drop model taking into account the proximity effects between the cluster and the daughter nucleus. The microscopic corrections have been introduced empirically to reproduce the experimental Q values. The theoretical partial half-lives obtained within the WKB barrier penetration probability are in good agreement with the experimental data. The C, O, Ne, Mg and Si emission looks like a spontaneous fission through very asymmetric compact and creviced shapes formed at the early stage of the tunneling process.

  17. Suppression of Spontaneous Gas Oscillations by Acoustic Self-Feedback

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biwa, Tetsushi; Sawada, Yoshiki; Hyodo, Hiroaki; Kato, Soichiro

    2016-10-01

    This paper demonstrates a method of acoustical self-feedback to suppress spontaneous gas oscillations such as those observed in combustors of gas-turbine engines. Whereas a conventional feedback system consists of electromechanical devices, the present method achieves acoustical self-feedback with a hollow tube that connects two positions of the oscillation system. A model oscillator of combustion-driven gas oscillations is designed and built to demonstrate the applicability of the self-feedback concept. Stability analysis through measurements of Q values (quality factor) of oscillations shows that the desired delay time and gain are obtained when the tube length is equal to the odd integer times half the wavelength of the anticipated acoustic oscillations.

  18. Internet database on physical properties of rocks for Japan; Ganseki busseichi no internet database

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murata, Y.; Hanaoka, N.; Hasegawa, I.; Kikuchi, T.; Suda, Y. [Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1998-02-01

    An internet database has been developed on physical properties of rocks for Japan. The URL (Uniform Resource Locator) of the home page is http://www.aist.go.jp/RIODB/prock/welcome.html. The English version is yet to be supported. The stored data comprise two types, general attributes of rock samples and their physical properties. The general attributes of rock samples consist of rock name, sampling location, source literature and others. The stored physical properties are density, magnetic susceptibility, Q value, P-wave velocity and others. The database allows retrieval with location and keywords and supports drawings of location map, histogram and correlation graph of retrieved data. 4 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  19. Design and simulation of a new type of 500 MHz single-cell superconducting RF cavity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Chang-Wang; ZHANG Zhi-Gang; ZHENG Xiang; WEI Ye-Long; YU Hai-Bo; LI Zheng; XU Kai; LIU Jian-Fei; HOU Hong-Tao; MA Zhen-Yu; MAO Dong-Qing; FENG Zi-Qiang; ZHAO Shen-Jie; LUO Chen; ZHAO Yu-Bin

    2012-01-01

    This paper illustrates the design and simulation of a unique 500 MHz single-cell superconducting radio frequency cavity with a fluted beam pipe and a coaxial-type fundamental power coupler.The simulation results show that the cavity has a high r/Q value,a low peak surface field and a large beam aperture,so it can be a candidate cavity for high current accelerators.With the help of a fluted beam tube,almost all the higher order modes can propagate out of the cavity,especially the first two dipole modes,TE111 and TM110,and the first higher monopole mode,TM011.The external quality factor of the coaxial fundamental power coupler is optimized to 1.2× 105,which will be useful when it is applied in the light source storage ring.

  20. Signature of the N=126 shell closure in dwell times of alpha-particle tunneling

    CERN Document Server

    Kelkar, N G

    2016-01-01

    Characteristic quantities such as the penetration and preformation probabilities, assault frequency and tunneling times in the tunneling description of alpha decay of heavy nuclei are explored to reveal their sensitivity to neutron numbers in the vicinity of the magic neutron number $N$ = 126. Using realistic nuclear potentials, the sensitivity of these quantities to the parameters of the theoretical approach is also tested. An investigation of the region from $N=116$ to $N=132$ in Po nuclei reveals that the tunneling $\\alpha$ particle spends the least amount of time with an $N=126$ magic daughter nucleus. The shell closure at $N=126$ seems to affect the behaviour of the dwell times of the tunneling alpha particles and this occurs through the influence of the $Q$-values involved.

  1. IBIS: an inverse geometry Brillouin inelastic neutron spectrometer for the SNS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, J K Jinkui; Wildgruber, Christoph U; Robertson, Lee; Herwig, Kenneth W

    2013-02-01

    The high power target station at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) currently has about 20 completed neutron scattering instruments. With a broad coverage of the momentum transfer (Q)-energy (E) space, these instruments serve an extensive user community. In an effort to further expand the scientific capabilities of the SNS instrument suites, we propose a low background, inverse geometry Brillouin inelastic spectrometer for the SNS which will expand the Q-E coverage of the current instrument suite and facilitate the study of inelastic and quasi-elastic scatterings at low Q values. The possible location for the proposed instrument is either beamline 8 which views the decoupled water moderator, or beamline 14A, which views a cold, coupled super critical hydrogen moderator. The instrument parameters, optimizations, and performances at these two beamline locations are discussed.

  2. Status of the MAJORANA Demonstrator

    CERN Document Server

    Cuesta, C; Arnquist, I J; Avignone, F T; Barabash, A S; Bertrand, F E; Brudanin, V; Busch, M; Buuck, M; Byram, D; Caldwell, A S; Chan, Y-D; Christofferson, C D; Detwiler, J A; Efremenko, Yu; Ejiri, H; Elliott, S R; Galindo-Uribarri, A; Giovanetti, G K; Goett, J; Greenn, M P; Gruszko, J; Guinn, I S; Guiseppe, V E; Henning, R; Hoppe, E W; Howard, S; Howe, M A; Jasinski, B R; Keeter, K J; Kidd, M F; Konovalov, S I; Kouzes, R T; LaFerriere, B D; Leon, J; MacMullin, J; Martin, R D; Meijer, S J; Mertens, S; Orrell, J L; O'Shaughnessy, C; Overman, N R; Poon, A W P; Radford, D C; Rager, J; Rielage, K; Robertson, R G H; Romero-Romero, E; Schmitt, C; Shanks, B; Shirchenko, M; Snyder, N; Suriano, A M; Tedeschi, D; Timkin, V; Trimble, J E; Varner, R L; Vasilyev, S; Vetter, K; Vorren, K; White, B R; Wilkerson, J F; Wiseman, C; Xu, W; Yakushev, E; Yu, C -H; Yumatov, V

    2014-01-01

    The MAJORANA Collaboration is constructing the MAJORANA Demonstrator, an ultra-low background, 40-kg modular high purity Ge detector array to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay in Ge. In view of the next generation of tonne-scale Ge-based neutrinoless double-beta decay searches that will probe the neutrino mass scale in the inverted-hierarchy region, a major goal of the Demonstrator is to demonstrate a path forward to achieving a background rate at or below 1 count/tonne/year in the 4 keV region of interest around the Q-value at 2039 keV. The current status of the Demonstrator is discussed, as are plans for its completion.

  3. Resonant enhanced parallel-T topology for weak coupling wireless power transfer pickup applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yao Guo

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available For the wireless power transfer (WPT system, the transfer performance and the coupling coefficient are contradictory. In this paper, a novel parallel-T resonant topology consists of a traditional parallel circuit and a T-matching network for secondary side is proposed. With this method, a boosted voltage can be output to the load, since this topology has a resonant enhancement effect, and high Q value can be obtained at a low resonant frequency and low coil inductance. This feature makes it more suitable for weak coupling WPT applications. Besides, the proposed topology shows good frequency stability and adaptability to variations of load. Experimental results show that the output voltage gain improves by 757% compared with traditional series circuit, and reaches 85% total efficiency when the coupling coefficient is 0.046.

  4. A compact and low-weight sputtering unit for in situ investigations of thin film growth at synchrotron radiation beamlines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walter, P; Dippel, A-C; Pflaum, K; Wernecke, J; van den Hurk, J; Blume, J; Klemradt, U

    2015-05-01

    In this work, we report on a highly variable, compact, and light high-vacuum sputter deposition unit designed for in situ experiments using synchrotron radiation facilities. The chamber can be mounted at various synchrotron beamlines for scattering experiments in grazing incidence geometry. The sample position and the large exit window allow to perform x-ray experiments up to large q values. The sputtering unit is easy to mount on existing experimental setups and can be remote-controlled. In this paper, we describe in detail the design and the performance of the new sputtering chamber and present the installation of the apparatus at different 3rd generation light sources. Furthermore, we describe the different measurement options and present some selected results. The unit has been successfully commissioned and is now available for users at PETRA III at DESY.

  5. Sequence heterogeneity in the equi merozoite antigen gene (ema-1) of Theileria equi and development of an ema-1-specific TaqMan MGB assay for the detection of T. equi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhoora, Raksha; Quan, Melvyn; Matjila, Paul T; Zweygarth, Erich; Guthrie, Alan J; Collins, Nicola E

    2010-08-27

    Although a quantitative real-time PCR assay (qPCR) assay for the detection of Theileria equi has been developed and evaluated, it is possible that additional, as yet undetected 18S rRNA gene sequence variants may exist. A qPCR assay targeting a different gene, used in conjunction with the T. equi 18S rRNA qPCR assay, could assist in the detection of all T. equi genotypes in field samples. A T. equi ema-1-specific qPCR (Ueti et al., 2003) was tested on 107 South African field samples, 90 of which tested positive for T. equi antibody using the immuno-fluorescent antibody test (IFAT). The qPCR assay performed poorly, as T. equi was detected in only 67 of the 90 IFAT-positive field samples at quantification cycle (C(q)) values ranging from 27 to 39.95. Furthermore, a high C(q) value of 36.18 was obtained from DNA extracted from a South African in vitro-cultured T. equi WL isolate [1.38% parasitized erythrocytes (PE)] when a low C(q) value (indicative of a high T. equi DNA concentration) was expected. Approximately 600 bp of the ema-1 gene from 38 South African samples were sequenced and BLASTN analysis confirmed all sequences to be merozoite surface protein genes, with an identity of 87.1-100% to previously published T. equi ema-1 gene sequences. Alignment of the sequences revealed extensive sequence variations in the target regions of the primers and probes (Ueti et al., 2003), explaining the poor performance of the qPCR assay. Based on these observations, we developed a new TaqMan minor-groove binder (MGB) probe-based qPCR assay, targeting a more conserved region of the ema-1 gene. This assay was shown to be efficient and specific, and the detection limit, defined as the concentration at which 95% of T. equi-positive samples are detected, was determined to be 1.4 x 10(-4)% PE. The two ema-1 assays were compared by testing 41 South African field samples in parallel. The results suggested that the new assay was more sensitive than the original assay, as T. equi was

  6. Fast and accurate database searches with MS-GF+Percolator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granholm, Viktor; Kim, Sangtae; Navarro, José C F; Sjölund, Erik; Smith, Richard D; Käll, Lukas

    2014-02-07

    One can interpret fragmentation spectra stemming from peptides in mass-spectrometry-based proteomics experiments using so-called database search engines. Frequently, one also runs post-processors such as Percolator to assess the confidence, infer unique peptides, and increase the number of identifications. A recent search engine, MS-GF+, has shown promising results, due to a new and efficient scoring algorithm. However, MS-GF+ provides few statistical estimates about the peptide-spectrum matches, hence limiting the biological interpretation. Here, we enabled Percolator processing for MS-GF+ output and observed an increased number of identified peptides for a wide variety of data sets. In addition, Percolator directly reports p values and false discovery rate estimates, such as q values and posterior error probabilities, for peptide-spectrum matches, peptides, and proteins, functions that are useful for the whole proteomics community.

  7. The $^{63}$Ni(n,$\\gamma$) cross section measured with DANCE

    CERN Document Server

    Weigand, M; Couture, A; Göbel, K; Heftrich, T; Jandel, M; Käppeler, F; Lederer, C; Kivel, N; Korschinek, G; Krticka, M; O'Donnell, J M; Ostermöller, J; Plag, R; Reifarth, R; Schumann, D; Ullmann, J L; Wallner, A

    2015-01-01

    The neutron capture cross section of the s-process branch nucleus $^{63}$Ni affects the abundances of other nuclei in its region, especially $^{63}$Cu and $^{64}$Zn. In order to determine the energy dependent neutron capture cross section in the astrophysical energy region, an experiment at the Los Alamos National Laboratory has been performed using the calorimetric 4$\\pi$ BaF$_2$ array DANCE. The (n,$\\gamma$) cross section of $^{63}$Ni has been determined relative to the well known $^{197}$Au standard with uncertainties below 15%. Various $^{63}$Ni resonances have been identified based on the Q-value. Furthermore, the s-process sensitivity of the new values was analyzed with the new network calculation tool NETZ.

  8. Textures in Strip-Cast Aluminum Alloys: Their On-Line Monitoring and Quantitative Effects on Formability. Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Man, Chi-Sing

    2003-07-27

    texture during the sheet production process even more meaningful. The present project included a study to determine how the anisotropic plastic behavior of a continuous-cast AA 5754 aluminum alloy depends on quantifiable texture coefficients. Formulae which show explicitly the effects of texture on the directional dependence of the q-value (a formability parameter) and of the uniaxial flow stress, respectively, were derived. Measurements made on a batch of as-received AA 5754 hot band and its O-temper counterpart corroborate the validity of these formulae. On the other hand, these measurements also indicate that some microstructure(s) other than texture could play a significant role in the plastic anisotropy of the AA 5754 alloy. For the q-value of a set of O-temper samples of this alloy, the additional microstructure that affects plastic anisotropy was shown to be grain shape. A formula that captures both the effects of crystallographic texture and grain shape on the q-value of the O-temper material was derived. A simple quadratic plastic potential that delivers this q-value formula was written down. Verification of the adequacy of this plastic potential, however, requires further investigations.

  9. Effect of a magnetic field on fourth sound in /sup 3/He

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daly, K.

    1988-05-01

    The influence of a magnetic field on the propagation of fourth sound in superfluid /sup 3/He is studied. The field and temperature dependences of the average superfluid density /anti rho//sub s///rho/ and fourth sound Q are measured. The field dependence of /anti rho//sub s///rho/ is very different in a porous medium than predicted by Ginzburg-Landau theory applied to bulk liquid. In particular, a magnetic suppression of /anti rho//sub s///rho/ is observed in the temperature and pressure ranges corresponding to the A phase in bulk liquid. There is strong evidence of a magnetic suppression of T/sub c/ itself. The measured /anti rho//sub s///rho/ has a slight history dependence in a magnetic field, but none in zero field. The fourth-sound Q values are compared to the theoretical work of Smith, Jensen, and Wolfle. Quantitative confirmation of their work is problematic.

  10. Evaluated experimental isobaric analogue states from T=1/2 to T=3 and associated IMME coefficients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    MacCormick, M., E-mail: maccorm@ipno.in2p3.fr [Institut de Physique Nucléaire CNRS/IN2P3 and Université Paris-Sud, Orsay (France); Audi, G. [Centre de Sciences Nucléaires et de Sciences de la Matière CSNSM, CNRS/IN2P3 and Université Paris-Sud, Orsay (France)

    2014-05-15

    Isobaric multiplets can be used to provide reliable mass predictions through the Isobaric Multiplet Mass Equation (IMME). Isobaric Analogue States (IAS) for isospin multiplets from T=1/2 to 3 have been studied within the 2012 Atomic Mass Evaluation (AME2012). Each IAS established from published experimental reaction data has been expressed in the form of a primary reaction Q-value and, when necessary, has been recalibrated. The evaluated IAS masses are provided here along with the associated IMME coefficients. Quadratic and higher order forms of the IMME have been considered, and global trends have been extracted. Particular nuclides requiring experimental investigation have been identified and discussed. This dataset is the most precise and extensive set of evaluated IAS to date.

  11. Theoretical and experimental \\alpha decay half-lives of the heaviest odd-Z elements and general predictions

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, H F

    2007-01-01

    Theoretical decay half-lives of the heaviest odd-Z nuclei are calculated using the experimental Q value. The barriers in the quasimolecular shape path are determined within a Generalized Liquid Drop Model (GLDM) and the WKB approximation is used. The results are compared with calculations using the Density-Dependent M3Y (DDM3Y) effective interaction and the Viola-Seaborg-Sobiczewski (VSS) formulas. The calculations provide consistent estimates for the half-lives of the decay chains of these superheavy elements. The experimental data stand between the GLDM calculations and VSS ones in the most time. Predictions are provided for the decay half-lives of other superheavy nuclei within the GLDM and VSS approaches using the recent extrapolated Q of Audi, Wapstra, and Thibault [Nucl. Phys. A729, 337 (2003)], which may be used for future experimental assignment and identification.

  12. Evaluated Experimental Isobaric Analogue States from $T = 1/2$ to $T = 3$ and associated IMME coefficients

    CERN Document Server

    MacCormick, M

    2013-01-01

    Isobaric multiplets can be used to provide reliable mass predictions through the Isobaric Multiplet Mass Equation (IMME). Isobaric analogue states (IAS) for isospin multiplets from $T=1/2$ to $T=3$ have been studied within the 2012 Atomic Mass Evaluation (Ame2012). Each IAS established from published experimental reaction data has been expressed in the form of a primary reaction $Q$-value, and if necessary, has been recalibrated. The evaluated IAS masses are provided here along with the associated IMME coefficients. Quadratic and higher order forms of the IMME have been considered, and global trends have been extracted. Particular nuclides, requiring experimental investigation, have been identified and discussed. This dataset is the most precise and extensive set of evaluated IAS to date.

  13. Towards high-precision mass measurements on $^{74}$Rb for a test of the CVC hypothesis and the unitarity of the CKM matrix

    CERN Document Server

    Kellerbauer, Alban G; Beck, D; Blaum, Klaus; Bollen, Georg; Delahaye, P; Herfurth, F; Kluge, H J; Kolhinen, V; Mukherjee, M; Rodríguez, D; Schwarz, S

    2004-01-01

    At the highest possible precisions, atomic-mass measurements can be used to perform fundamental studies. Examples for such studies are a check of the conserved-vector-current (CVC) hypothesis and the unitarity of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrix, both postulates of the Standard Model. The comparative half-lives $Ft$ of superallowed $\\beta$-decays constitute the nuclear-physics access to these tests. The $Q$ value of the $\\beta$-decay of $^{74}$Rb, one of the three experimentally accessible parameters that enter into the $Ft$ values, has been measured with the ISOLTRAP experiment at ISOLDE /CERN. The ultimate mass precision requirement and the way to achieve it are outlined.

  14. Mass measurements beyond the major r-process waiting point $^{80}$Zn

    CERN Document Server

    Baruah, S; Blaum, K; Dworschak, M; George, S; Guenaut, C; Hager, U; Herfurth, F; Herlert, A; Kellerbauer, A G; Kluge, H J; Lunney, D; Schatz, H; Schweikhard, L; Yazidjian, C

    2008-01-01

    High-precision mass measurements on neutron-rich zinc isotopes $^{71m,72-81}$Zn have been performed with the Penning trap mass spectrometer ISOLTRAP. For the first time the mass of $^{81}$Zn has been experimentally determined. This makes $^{80}$Zn the first of the few major waiting points along the path of the astrophysical rapid neutron capture process where neutron separation energy and neutron capture $Q$-value are determined experimentally. As a consequence, the astrophysical conditions required for this waiting point and its associated abundance signatures to occur in $r$-process models can now be mapped precisely. The measurements also confirm the robustness of the $N = 50$ shell closure for $Z = 30$ farther from stability.

  15. Signature of the N = 126 shell closure in dwell times of alpha-particle tunneling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelkar, N. G.; Nowakowski, M.

    2016-10-01

    Characteristic quantities such as the penetration and preformation probabilities, assault frequency and tunneling times in the tunneling description of alpha decay of heavy nuclei are explored to reveal their sensitivity to neutron numbers in the vicinity of the magic neutron number N = 126. Using realistic nuclear potentials, the sensitivity of these quantities to the parameters of the theoretical approach is also tested. An investigation of the region from N = 116 to N = 132 in Po nuclei reveals that the tunneling α particle spends the least amount of time with an N = 126 magic daughter nucleus. The shell closure at N = 126 seems to affect the behavior of the dwell times of the tunneling alpha particles and this occurs through the influence of the Q-values involved.

  16. An update on a spreadsheet method for computing consequences to the nearest maximally exposed offsite individual in compliance with DOE-STD-3009-94.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vickers, Linda

    2015-02-01

    Protection of the public from hazardous airborne releases at U.S. Department of Energy non-reactor nuclear facilities is the highest priority in all operations. As a result, the safety basis calculations that derive the protection of the public in the form of safety-class structures, systems, and components (SC SSCs) must accurately model the accident event and airborne plume in order to characterize the relative severity of the consequences. The simple Gaussian plume model is the most accurate and most commonly used model to describe the pollutant plume relative concentration (X/Q) downwind at receptor. As a result, the X/Q value can easily be calculated by an electronic spreadsheet as shown by this paper.

  17. Sampling and Reconstruction of the Pupil and Electric Field for Phase Retrieval

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dean, Bruce; Smith, Jeffrey; Aronstein, David

    2012-01-01

    This technology is based on sampling considerations for a band-limited function, which has application to optical estimation generally, and to phase retrieval specifically. The analysis begins with the observation that the Fourier transform of an optical aperture function (pupil) can be implemented with minimal aliasing for Q values down to Q = 1. The sampling ratio, Q, is defined as the ratio of the sampling frequency to the band-limited cut-off frequency. The analytical results are given using a 1-d aperture function, and with the electric field defined by the band-limited sinc(x) function. Perfect reconstruction of the Fourier transform (electric field) is derived using the Whittaker-Shannon sampling theorem for 1sampling ratio such that 1

  18. Polycrystalline diamond MEMS resonator technology for sensor applications.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sullivan, John P.; Aslam, Dean (Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI); Sepulveda-Alancastro, Nelson (Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI)

    2005-07-01

    Due to material limitations of poly-Si resonators, polycrystalline diamond (poly-C) has been explored as a new MEMS resonator material. The poly-C resonators are designed, fabricated and tested using electrostatic (Michigan State University) and piezoelectric (Sandia National Laboratories) actuation methods, and the results are compared. For comparable resonator structures, although the resonance frequencies are similar, the measured Q values in the ranges of 1000-2000 and 10,000-15,000 are obtained for electrostatic and piezoelectric actuation methods, respectively. The difference in Q for the two methods is related to different pressures used during the measurement and not to the method of measurement. For the poly-C cantilever beam resonators, the highest value of their quality factor (Q) is reported for the first time (15,263).

  19. QUENCH STUDIES AND PREHEATING ANALYSIS OF SEAMLESS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palczewski, Ari [JLAB; Geng, Rongli [JLAB; Eremeev, Grigory [JLAB

    2013-09-01

    One of the alternative manufacturing technologies for SRF cavities is hydroforming from seamless tubes. Although this technology has produced cavities with gradient and Q-values comparable to standard EBW/EP cavities, a few questions remain. One of these questions is whether the quench mechanism in hydroformed cavities is the same as in standard electron beam welded cavities. Towards this effort Jefferson Lab performed quench studies on 2 9 cell seamless hydroformed cavities. These cavities include DESY's - Z163 and Z164 nine-cell cavities hydroformed at DESY. Initial Rf test results Z163 were published in SRF2011. In this report we will present post JLAB surface re-treatment quench studies for each cavity. The data will include OST and T-mapping quench localization as well as quench location preheating analysis comparing them to the observations in standard electron beam welded cavities.

  20. Latest Development in Superconducting RF Structures for beta=1 Particle Acceleration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peter Kneisel

    2006-06-26

    Superconducting RF technology is since nearly a decade routinely applied to different kinds of accelerating devices: linear accelerators, storage rings, synchrotron light sources and FEL's. With the technology recommendation for the International Linear Collider (ILC) a year ago, new emphasis has been placed on improving the performance of accelerating cavities both in Q-value and in accelerating gradients with the goal to achieve performance levels close to the fundamental limits given by the material parameters of the choice material, niobium. This paper will summarize the challenges to SRF technology and will review the latest developments in superconducting structure design. Additionally, it will give an overview of the newest results and will report on the developments in alternative materials and technologies.

  1. Sensitivity of NEXT-100 to neutrinoless double beta decay

    CERN Document Server

    Martín-Albo, J; Ferrario, P.; Nebot-Guinot, M.; Gomez-Cadenas, J.J.; Alvarez, V.; Azevedo, C.D.R.; Borges, F.I.G.; Carcel, S.; Cebrian, S.; Cervera, A.; Conde, C.A.N.; Diaz, J.; Diesburg, M.; Esteve, R.; Fernandes, L.M.P.; Ferreira, A.L.; Freitas, E.D.C.; Gehman, V.M.; Goldschmidt, A.; Gonzalez-Diaz, D.; Gutierrez, R.M.; Hauptman, J.; Henriques, C.A.O.; Hernando Morata, J.A.; Labarga, L.; Laing, A.; Lebrun, P.; Liubarsky, I.; Lopez-March, N.; Lorca, D.; Losada, M.; Mari, A.; Martinez-Lema, G.; Martinez, A.; Miller, T.; Monrabal, F.; Monserrate, M.; Monteiro, C.M.B.; Mora, F.J.; Moutinho, L.M.; Novella, P.; Nygren, D.; Para, A.; Perez, J.; Perez Aparicio, J.L.; Querol, M.; Renner, J.; Ripoll, L.; Rodriguez, J.; Santos, F.P.; dos Santos, J.M.F.; Serra, L.; Shuman, D.; Simon, A.; Sofka, C.; Sorel, M.; Stiegler, T.; Toledo, J.F.; Torrent, J.; Tsamalaidze, Z.; Veloso, J.F.C.A.; Villar, J.A.; Webb, R.; White, J.T.; Yahlali, N.; Yepes-Ramirez, H.

    2016-01-01

    NEXT-100 is an electroluminescent high-pressure xenon gas time projection chamber that will search for the neutrinoless double beta decay of Xe-136. The detector possesses two features of great value in neutrinoless double beta decay searches: very good energy resolution (better than 1% FWHM at the Q value of Xe-136) and track reconstruction for the discrimination of signal and background events. This combination results in excellent sensitivity, as discussed in this paper. Detailed Monte Carlo detector simulations and material-screening measurements predict a background rate for NEXT-100 of at most 0.0004 counts/(keV kg yr). Accordingly, the detector will reach a sensitivity to the neutrinoless double beta decay half-life of 6.E25 years after running for 3 effective years.

  2. IntervalQinversion based on zero-offset VSP data and applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Gu-Lan; Wang Xi-Ming; He Zhen-Hua; Cao Jun-Xing; Li Ke-En; Rong Jiao-Jun

    2014-01-01

    In order to obtain stable intervalQ factor, by analyzing the spectrum of monitoring wavelet and down-going wavelet of zero-offset VSP data and referring the spectrum expression of Ricker wavelet, we propose a new expression of source wavelet spectrum. Basing on the new expression, we present improved amplitude spectralfi tting and spectral ratio methods for intervalQ inversion based on zero-offset VSP data, and the sequence for processing the zero-offset VSP data. Subsequently, we apply the proposed methods to real zero-offset VSP data, and carry out prestack inverseQfi ltering to zero-offset VSP data and surface seismic data for amplitude compensation with the estimatedQ value.

  3. Solid-state C-13 and Co-59 NMR spectroscopy of C-13-methylcobalt(III) complexes with amine ligands

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ooms, K J; Bernard, G M; Kadziola, A

    2009-01-01

    that the EFG tensors are either axially symmetric or close to being so but there is a wide range of C-Q values, from -40 MHz for the complex with X = H2O to -105 MHz with X = CN-. The Co chemical shift tensors are approximately axially symmetric with the spans. delta(11) - delta(33), ranging from 3700 to 5600...... ppm for X = H2O and CN-, respectively. The latter measurements also established the relative orientations of the Co EFG and chemical shift tensors. Density functional theory calculations of the Co-59 EFG and magnetic shielding tensors as well as of (1)J(Co-59, C-13) for the NO2- and N-3(-) complexes...

  4. Background Model for the Majorana Demonstrator

    CERN Document Server

    Cuesta, C; Aguayo, E; Avignone, F T; Barabash, A S; Bertrand, F E; Boswell, M; Brudanin, V; Busch, M; Byram, D; Caldwell, A S; Chan, Y-D; Christofferson, C D; Combs, D C; Cuesta, C; Detwiler, J A; Doe, P J; Efremenko, Yu; Egorov, V; Ejiri, H; Elliott, S R; Fast, J E; Finnerty, P; Fraenkle, F M; Galindo-Uribarri, A; Giovanetti, G K; Goett, J; Green, M P; Gruszko, J; Guiseppe, V E; Gusev, K; Hallin, A L; Hazama, R; Hegai, A; Henning, R; Hoppe, E W; Howard, S; Howe, M A; Keeter, K J; Kidd, M F; Kochetov, O; Konovalov, S I; Kouzes, R T; LaFerriere, B D; Leon, J; Leviner, L E; Loach, J C; MacMullin, J; MacMullin, S; Martin, R D; Meijer, S; Mertens, S; Nomachi, M; Orrell, J L; O'Shaughnessy, C; Overman, N R; Phillips, D G; Poon, A W P; Pushkin, K; Radford, D C; Rager, J; Rielage, K; Robertson, R G H; Romero-Romero, E; Ronquest, M C; Schubert, A G; Shanks, B; Shima, T; Shirchenko, M; Snavely, K J; Snyder, N; Suriano, A M; Thompson, J; Timkin, V; Tornow, W; Trimble, J E; Varner, R L; Vasilyev, S; Vetter, K; Vorren, K; White, B R; Wilkerson, J F; Wiseman, C; Xu, W; Yakushev, E; Young, A R; Yu, C H; Yumatov, V

    2014-01-01

    The Majorana Collaboration is constructing a system containing 40 kg of HPGe detectors to demonstrate the feasibility and potential of a future tonne-scale experiment capable of probing the neutrino mass scale in the inverted-hierarchy region. To realize this, a major goal of the Majorana Demonstrator is to demonstrate a path forward to achieving a background rate at or below 1 cnt/(ROI-t-y) in the 4 keV region of interest around the Q-value at 2039 keV. This goal is pursued through a combination of a significant reduction of radioactive impurities in construction materials with analytical methods for background rejection, for example using powerful pulse shape analysis techniques profiting from the p-type point contact HPGe detectors technology. The effectiveness of these methods is assessed using simulations of the different background components whose purity levels are constrained from radioassay measurements.

  5. Production and survival of /sup 205/Pb in stars, and the /sup 205/Pb-/sup 205/Tl s-process chronometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yokoi, K.; Takahashi, K.; Arnould, M.

    1985-04-01

    The s-process production ratio of /sup 204/Pb and /sup 205/Pb, which is of importance for the /sup 205/Pb-/sup 205/Tl chronometry, is calculated in two schematic s-process models. Special emphasis is put on the role of the bound-state ..beta../sup -/-decay of /sup 205/Tl which has been totally overlooked in previous studies. It is shown that the /sup 205/Pb production under certain s-process conditions might be large enough to justify a renewed search for extinct /sup 205/Pb in meteorites. The influence of uncertainties in the input quantities (electron capture Q-value and ft values) on the results is also discussed.

  6. Review of applications and surface smoothing mechanisms of optical waveguide devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haiquan TANG

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Optical waveguide devices are widely used in many fields and have good development prospects. But surface roughness of waveguide device induces a passive effect on the light transmission loss and the Q value of ring cavity, which restricts the development and applications of optical waveguide devices. Currently, the common used surface and side wall smoothing methods for waveguide devices are the thermal oxidation method, laser beam method, and hydrogen annealing method, and the surface hydrogen annealing method has better smoothing effect. However, the mechanism of hydrogen annealing method is still not clear so far, thus the experimental parameters cannot be further optimized to obtain optimal experimental result. Based on the review of the contents mentioned above, the hydrogen annealing mechanism is primarily studied through the simulation analysis by Materials Studio, which provides theoretical foundation and guidance for smoothing of waveguide device by hydrogen annealing technology.

  7. Alpha-decay half-life semiempirical relationships with self-improving parameters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poenaru, D.N.; Ivascu, M.; Mazilu, D. (Institutul Central de Fizica, Bucharest (Romania))

    1982-03-01

    From the alpha decay Q-values, the partial half-life T is estimated by using five semiempirical relationships. The parameters of these formulae have been obtained from a fit with a given set of experimental data on four groups of alpha emitters: even-even, even-odd, odd-even and odd-odd. For each nuclide only the strongest transition is considered and the data are automatically sorted into the four groups mentioned above. There are three options: one can use either the present set of parameter values, a new one given as input data, or new values computed by using a better set of experimental data (more accurate or more complete). For each group of nuclides, up to 8 (or 9) families of curves could be plotted, optionally, with the line printer.

  8. Charge density asymmetry of heavy-ion fusion reactions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poenaru, N.D.; Ivascu, M.; Mazilu, D.; Sandulescu, A. (Institutul de Fizica si Inginerie Nucleara, Bucharest (Romania))

    1980-01-01

    The generalized liquid-drop model replacing surface energy by double folded Yukawa-plus-exponential function is extended for fusion of heavy ions with different charge densities. Calculated interaction barriers for some 58 pairs of nuclei are in good agreement with experimental ones, within -10% and +7%. For even-even beta-stable nuclei with Z =4-104 the general trend of variation of interaction barriers and fusion Q-values show the regions where the charge density asymmetry cannot be neglected. PES for the entrance channel of the reactions /sup 109/Ag + /sup 40/Ar, /sup 138/Ce + /sup 57/Fe, /sup 144/Nd + /sup 84/Kr and the corresponding charge-equilibrated system have been computed.

  9. The Design of High-Q Sallen-Key Biquads with Unity-Gain Buffer Amplifiers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gaunholt, Hans; Guldbrandsen, Birthe

    1997-01-01

    analog filters in voltage-mode as well as current-mode technology. As an example we will choose the band-pass biquad as biquads of this type often has to be designed with high-Q values. The results in the band-pass case may readily be transferred to the low-pass and high-pass cases.......In the design of active biquads with negative feedback frequently referred to as Sallen-Key networks the assumption of a low quality- or Q-factor is recommended in order to keep the active sensitivities at a reasonable low value. In this paper it will be shown that it is possible to design...

  10. Derivation of the Fano profile from time-dependent density-functional theory for local thermodynamic equilibrium plasmas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiyokawa, Shuji

    2007-04-01

    We give the derivation of the Fano profile (the resonance energy position, the resonance width Γ , and q value) from the time-dependent nonrelativistic density-functional theory (DFT) and propose a scheme for calculating the photoabsorption cross section of hot dense plasmas. As a consequence of this derivation, we show the line profile is obtained as a superposition of Fano and Lorentz profiles when the competition of two optically allowed bound-bound and bound-free transitions occurs. We also show the results of the photoabsorption cross section by applying our scheme to an Fe plasma (density is 7.85g/cm3 , temperature is 100eV ), where the calculation is carried out without numerical divergence for any photon energy. The calculated results are in good agreement with those of Grimaldi.

  11. Status of the Majorana Demonstrator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cuesta, C.; Abgrall, N.; Arnquist, Isaac J.; Avignone, Frank T.; Barabash, Alexander S.; Bertrand, F.; Brudanin, V.; Busch, Matthew; Buuck, M.; Byram, D.; Caldwell, A. S.; Chan, Yuen-Dat; Christofferson, Cabot-Ann; Detwiler, Jason A.; Efremenko, Yuri; Ejiri, H.; Elliott, S. R.; Galindo-Uribarri, A.; Giovanetti, G. K.; Goett, J.; Green, M. P.; Gruszko, J.; Guinn, I.; Guiseppe, V. E.; Henning, R.; Hoppe, Eric W.; Howard, Stanley; Howe, M. A.; Jasinski, B. R.; Keeter, K.; Kidd, M. F.; Konovalov, S.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Laferriere, Brian D.; Leon, Jonathan D.; MacMullin, J.; Martin, R. D.; Meijer, S. J.; Mertens, S.; Orrell, John L.; O' Shaughnessy, C.; Overman, Nicole R.; Poon, Alan; Radford, D. C.; Rager, J.; Rielage, Keith; Robertson, R. G. H.; Romero-Romero, E.; Schmitt, C.; Shanks, B.; Shirchenko, M.; Snyder, N.; Suriano, Anne-Marie; Tedeschi, D.; Timkin, V.; Trimble, J. E.; Varner, R. L.; Vasilyev, Sergey; Vetter, Kai; Vorren, Kris R.; White, Brandon R.; Wilkerson, J. F.; Wiseman, C.; Xu, W.; Yakushev, E.; Yu, Chang-Hong; Yumatov, Vladimir

    2015-06-09

    The Majorana Collaboration is constructing the Majorana Demonstrator, an ultra-low background, 40-kg modular high purity Ge detector array to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay in 76Ge. In view of the next generation of tonne-scale Ge-based neutrinoless double-beta decay searches that will probe the neutrino mass scale in the inverted hierarchy region, a major goal of the Demonstrator is to demonstrate a path forward to achieving a background rate at or below 1 count/tonne/year in the 4 keV region of interest around the Q-value at 2039 keV. The current status of the Demonstrator is discussed, as are plans for its completion.

  12. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR: A Search for Neutrinoless Double-beta Decay of Germanium-76

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schubert, Alexis G.; Aguayo, Estanislao; Avignone, F. T.; Zhang, C.; Back, Henning O.; Barabash, Alexander S.; Bergevin, M.; Bertrand, F.; Boswell, M.; Brudanin, V.; Busch, Matthew; Chan, Yuen-Dat; Christofferson, Cabot-Ann; Collar, J. I.; Combs, Dustin C.; Cooper, R. J.; Detwiler, Jason A.; Leon, Jonathan D.; Doe, Peter J.; Efremenko, Yuri; Egorov, Viatcheslav; Ejiri, H.; Elliott, S. R.; Esterline, James H.; Fast, James E.; Fields, N.; Finnerty, P.; Fraenkle, Florian; Gehman, Victor M.; Giovanetti, G. K.; Green, M.; Guiseppe, Vincente; Gusey, K.; Hallin, A. L.; Hazama, R.; Henning, Reyco; Hime, Andrew; Hoppe, Eric W.; Horton, Mark; Howard, Stanley; Howe, Mark; Johnson, R. A.; Keeter, K.; Keillor, Martin E.; Keller, C.; Kephart, Jeremy D.; Kidd, M. F.; Knecht, A.; Kochetov, Oleg; Konovalov, S.; Kouzes, Richard T.; LaFerriere, Brian D.; LaRoque, B. H.; Leviner, L.; Loach, J. C.; MacMullin, S.; Marino, Michael G.; Martin, R. D.; Mei, Dong-Ming; Merriman, Jason H.; Miller, M. L.; Mizouni, Leila; Nomachi, Masaharu; Orrell, John L.; Overman, Nicole R.; Phillips, D.; Poon, Alan; Perumpilly, Gopakumar; Prior, Gersende; Radford, D. C.; Rielage, Keith; Robertson, R. G. H.; Ronquest, M. C.; Shima, T.; Shirchenko, M.; Snavely, Kyle J.; Sobolev, V.; Steele, David; Strain, J.; Thomas, K.; Timkin, V.; Tornow, Werner; Vanyushin, I.; Varner, R. L.; Vetter, Kai; Vorren, Kris R.; Wilkerson, J. F.; Wolfe, B. A.; Yakushev, E.; Young, A.; Yu, Chang-Hong; Yumatov, Vladimir

    2012-09-28

    The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay would determine whether the neutrino is a Majorana particle and provide information on the absolute scale of neutrino mass. The MAJORANA Collaboration is constructing the DEMONSTRATOR, an array of germanium detectors, to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 76Ge. The DEMONSTRATOR will contain 40 kg of germanium; up to 30 kg will be enriched to 86% in 76Ge. The DEMONSTRATOR will be deployed deep underground in an ultra-low-background shielded environment. Operation of the DEMONSTRATOR aims to determine whether a future tonne-scale germanium experiment can achieve a background goal of one count per tonne-year in a 4-keV region of interest around the 76Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay Q-value of 2039 keV.

  13. Radiative rate modification in CdSe quantum dot-coated microcavity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Veluthandath, Aneesh V.; Bisht, Prem B., E-mail: bisht@iitm.ac.in [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036 (India)

    2015-12-21

    Whispering gallery modes (WGMs) of the microparticles with spherical or cylindrical symmetry have exceptionally high quality factors and small mode volume. Quantum dots (QDs) are zero dimensional systems with variable band gap as well as luminescent properties with applications in photonics. In this paper, the WGMs have been observed in the luminescence spectra of CdSe QD-coated single silica microspheres. Theoretical estimations of variation of resonance frequency, electric field, and Q-values have been done for a multilayer coating of QDs on silica microspheres. Observed WGMs have been identified for their mode number and polarization using Mie theory. Broadening of modes due to material absorption has been observed. Splitting of WGMs has also been observed due to coherent coupling of counter propagating waves in the microcavity due to the presence of QDs. At room temperature, the time-resolved study indicates the modification of the radiative rate due to coupling of WGMs of the microcavity-QD hybrid system.

  14. Spatial association between dissection density and environmental factors over the entire conterminous United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Wei; Jasiewicz, Jaroslaw; Stepinski, Tomasz; Wang, Jinfeng; Xu, Chengdong; Cang, Xuezhi

    2016-01-01

    Previous studies of land dissection density (D) often find contradictory results regarding factors controlling its spatial variation. We hypothesize that the dominant controlling factors (and the interactions between them) vary from region to region due to differences in each region's local characteristics and geologic history. We test this hypothesis by applying a geographical detector method to eight physiographic divisions of the conterminous United States and identify the dominant factor(s) in each. The geographical detector method computes the power of determinant (q) that quantitatively measures the affinity between the factor considered and D. Results show that the factor (or factor combination) with the largest q value is different for physiographic regions with different characteristics and geologic histories. For example, lithology dominates in mountainous regions, curvature dominates in plains, and glaciation dominates in previously glaciated areas. The geographical detector method offers an objective framework for revealing factors controlling Earth surface processes.

  15. Effective mass sensing using optomechanically induced transparency in microresonator system

    CERN Document Server

    Gao, Yong-Pan; Cao, Cong; Mi, Si-Chen; Yang, Daquan; Zhang, Yong; Wang, Chuan

    2016-01-01

    Detecting and weighing the individual nanoparticles is an important approach to study the behavior and properties of single particles. Here we illustrate an effective mass sensing scheme using optomechanical resonator system. Based on the optomechanically induced transparency phenomenon, a Stokes field reference approach is used to sense the mass of the particle on the microresonator. The field intensity of the transmission field will be changed by the effect of the particle which avoids the limits of decay induced spectral width in the resonance shift detection. Exploiting the perturbation method, we theoretically evaluated the dynamical behavior of the system, and achieved the femtogram level mass sensing without the need for high cavity Q-value, and strong coupling strength in the optomechanically system.

  16. Analysis of the fatigue strength under two load levels of a stainless steel based on energy dissipation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricotta M.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the fatigue behaviour of a stainless steel AISI 304L is analysed. In the first part of the work the results obtained under constant amplitude fatigue are presented and synthesised in terms of both stress amplitude and energy released to the surroundings as heat by a unit volume of material per cycle, Q. Then some specimens have been fatigued in variable amplitude, two different load level tests: the first level was set higher while the second was lower than the constant amplitude fatigue limit. The Q values, evaluated during the second part of the fatigue test, have been compared with those calculated under constant amplitude fatigue at the same load level. The comparison allowed us to notice that the Q parameter is sensitive to the fatigue damage accumulated by the material during the first part of the fatigue test.

  17. Analysis of the fatigue strength under two load levels of a stainless steel based on energy dissipation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ricotta

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the fatigue behaviour of a stainless steel AISI 304L is analysed. In the first part of the work the results obtained under constant amplitude fatigue are presented and synthesised in terms of both stress amplitude and energy released to the surroundings as heat by a unit volume of material per cycle, Q. Then some specimens have been fatigued in variable amplitude, two different load level tests: the first level was set higher while the second was lower than the constant amplitude fatigue limit. The Q values, evaluated during the second part of the fatigue test, have been compared with those calculated under constant amplitude fatigue at the same load level. The comparison allowed us to notice that the Q parameter is sensitive to the fatigue damage accumulated by the material during the first part of the fatigue test.

  18. Improving the quality factor of microwave cavities for axion search experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Saebyeok; Jung, Junu; Youn, Sungwoo; Semertzidis, Yannis

    2017-01-01

    In cavity-based axion search experiments, the quality factor (Q) of microwave resonant cavities is an important parameter to be sensitive to faint signal from the axion-to-photon conversion. One of the R&D efforts conducted at the Center for Axion and Precision Physics Research (CAPP) of the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) is to improve the quality factor of resonant cavities by employing two approaches - pure material and heat treatment. Using a 4K cryocooler and liquid helium, we measure the temperature dependence of Q value to find the effect of material purity and an optimal condition of heat treatment. The measurements are performed on Cu and Al cavities and the results are shown in this presentation.

  19. Fast and accurate database searches with MS-GF+Percolator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Granholm, Viktor; Kim, Sangtae; Navarro, Jose' C.; Sjolund, Erik; Smith, Richard D.; Kall, Lukas

    2014-02-28

    To identify peptides and proteins from the large number of fragmentation spectra in mass spectrometrybased proteomics, researches commonly employ so called database search engines. Additionally, postprocessors like Percolator have been used on the results from such search engines, to assess confidence, infer peptides and generally increase the number of identifications. A recent search engine, MS-GF+, has previously been showed to out-perform these classical search engines in terms of the number of identified spectra. However, MS-GF+ generates only limited statistical estimates of the results, hence hampering the biological interpretation. Here, we enabled Percolator-processing for MS-GF+ output, and observed an increased number of identified peptides for a wide variety of datasets. In addition, Percolator directly reports false discovery rate estimates, such as q values and posterior error probabilities, as well as p values, for peptide-spectrum matches, peptides and proteins, functions useful for the whole proteomics community.

  20. Short-Range Order in Liquid Al-Cu-Ni-Ce Alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙民华; 边秀房

    2002-01-01

    The liquid and amorphous structures of Al85Ni10Ce5 and Al85Cu5Ni5Ce5 alloy were studied by X-ray diffraction. The position of the first peak shifts to bigger Q-values as the concentration of Cu increases. Gaussian decomposition of first peak in radical distribution function (RDF) was applied to Al-Ni(Cu)-Ce system. The bond lengths of Al-Al, Al-TM(Transition metal) and TM-TM increase with the substitution of Ni by Cu. Viscosity measurement shows that viscosity of Al-Ni-Ce alloy increases faster than that of Al-Ni-Cu-Ce alloy. The addition of Cu can decrease the interaction between atoms, so it is unfavorable to Al-based glass formability.

  1. Two-neutron stripping in ({sup 18}O, {sup 16}O) and (t,p) reactions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cavallaro, M.; Agodi, A.; Carbone, D.; Cunsolo, A. [INFN - Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Via S. Sofia 62, I-95125 Catania (Italy); Bondì, M.; Cappuzzello, F.; Nicolosi, D.; Tropea, S. [INFN - Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Via S. Sofia 62, I-95125 Catania, Italy and Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Catania, Via S. Sofia 64, I-95125 Catania (Italy); Borello-Lewin, T.; Rodrigues, M. R. D. [Instituto de Física - Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão Travessa R Nr.187 CEP 05508-090 Cidade Universitária, São Paulo (Brazil); De Napoli, M. [INFN - Sezione di Catania, Via S. Sofia 64, I-95125 Catania (Italy); Garcia, V. N. [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Avenida Litoranea s/n, Gragoata, 24210-340, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil); Linares, R.; Lubian, J.; Paes, B. [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Avenida Litoranea s/n, Gragoata , 24210-340, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil); Foti, A. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Catania, Via S. Sofia 64, I-95125 Catania, Italy and INFN - Sezione di Catania, Via S. Sofia 64, I-95125 Catania (Italy)

    2014-11-11

    The {sup 12}C({sup 18}O,{sup 16}O){sup 14}C reactions has been investigated at 84 MeV incident energy. The charged ejectiles produced in the reaction have been momentum analyzed and identified by the MAGNEX magnetic spectrometer. Q-value spectra have been extracted with an energy resolution of 160 keV (Full Width at Half Maximum) and several known bound and resonant states of {sup 14}C have been identified up to 15 MeV. In particular, excited states with dominant 2p - 4h configuration are the most populated. The absolute values of the cross sections have been extracted showing a striking similarity with those measured for the same transitions by (t,p) reactions. This indicates that the effect of the {sup 16}O core is negligible in the reaction mechanism.

  2. Neutrino mass calorimetric searches in the MARE experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Nucciotti, A

    2010-01-01

    The international project ``Microcalorimeter Arrays for a Rhenium Experiment'' (MARE) aims at the direct and calorimetric measurement of the electron neutrino mass with sub-electronvolt sensitivity. Calorimetric neutrino mass experiments measure all the energy released in a beta decay except for the energy carried away by the neutrino, therefore removing the most severe systematic uncertainties which have plagued the traditional and, so far, more sensitive spectrometers. Calorimetric measurements are best realized exploiting the thermal detection technique. This approach uses thermal microcalorimeters whose absorbers contain a low transition energy Q beta decaying isotope. To date the two best options are 187Re and 163Ho. While the first beta decays, the latter decays via electron capture, but both have a Q value around 2.5 keV. The potential of using 187Re for a calorimetric neutrino mass experiment has been already demonstrated. On the contrary, no calorimetric spectrum of 163Ho has been so far measured wit...

  3. Microfocus small-angle X-ray scattering at SSRF BL16B1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hua, Wen-Qiang; Wang, Yu-Zhu; Zhou, Ping; Hu, Tao; Li, Xiu-Hong; Bian, Feng-Gang; Wang, Jie

    2017-04-01

    Offering high-brilliance X-ray beams on micrometer length scales, the μSAXS at SSRF BL16B1 has been established with a KB mirror system for studying small sample volumes, or probing microscopic morphologies. The SAXS minimum q value is 0.1 nm-1 with a flux of 1.5 × 1010 photons/s. Two position-resolved scanning experimental methods, STXM and CT, are combined with μSAXS. To improve the significant smearing effect in the horizontal direction, an effective and easy-to-use desmearing procedure for two-dimensional SAXS patterns based on blind deconvolution was developed, and the deblurring results demonstrate the good restoration effect for the defocused image. Finally, a bamboo sample was used in the SAXS-CT experiment to illustrate the performance of the μSAXS method. Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (11505278 and 11675253)

  4. Capacity Titration Technique for Determining the Solid Diffusion Coefficient of Intercalary Species within Insertion-host Materials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xin Cun TANG; Tian Duo LI

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, the capacity titration technique (CT technique) was developed on basis of the RPG (ratio of potentio-charge capacity to galvano-charge capacity) method to continuously determine the solid diffusion coefficient D of the intercalary species within insertion-host materials with a small voltage region. The linear equations of D vs. q (value of ratio of the potentio-charge capacity to the galvano-charge capacity) were given in different range of q. By the CT technique,the Li+ solid diffusion coefficients D within LiMn2O4 at different voltages were determined. The results showed that the values of D varied from 3.447× 10-9 cm2/s to 7.60× 10-11cm2/s in the voltage range of charge from 3.3V to 4.3V as a function of voltage with "W" shape.

  5. Fragmentation of Kozai–Lidov Disks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Wen; Lubow, Stephen H.; Martin, Rebecca G.

    2017-02-01

    We analyze the gravitational instability (GI) of a locally isothermal inclined disk around one component of a binary system. Such a disk can undergo global Kozai–Lidov (KL) cycles if the initial disk tilt is above the critical KL angle (of about 40◦). During these cycles, an initially circular disk exchanges its inclination for eccentricity, and vice versa. Self-gravity may suppress the cycles under some circumstances. However, with hydrodynamic simulations that include self-gravity, we show that for a sufficiently high initial disk tilts and for certain disk masses, disks can undergo KL oscillations and fragment due to GI, even when the Toomre Q value for an equivalent undisturbed disk is well within the stable regime (Q> 2). We suggest that KL triggered disk fragmentation provides a mechanism for the efficient formation of giant planets in binary systems and may enhance the fragmentation of disks in massive black hole binaries.

  6. Study of the /sup 63/Cu(n,. gamma. )/sup 64/Cu reaction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delfini, M.G.; Kopecky, J.; de Haas, J.B.M.; Liou, H.I.; Chrien, R.E.; Endt, P.M.

    1983-08-08

    The ..gamma..-radiation resulting from the capture of unpolarized thermal, 2 and 24 keV neutrons in enriched /sup 63/Cu, and of polarized thermal neutrons in /sup 63/Cu oriented at low temperature has been investigated. Of the 323 ..gamma..-rays observed 299 could be placed in a /sup 64/Cu level scheme containing 109 levels. The reaction Q-value amounts to 7916.09(12) keV. The Z/sup 2/ analysis of the ..gamma..-ray angular distributions obtained from capture of polarized neutrons in oriented /sup 63/Cu resulted in three unambiguous spin assignments for levels in /sup 64/Cu. The fraction of the Jsup(..pi..) = 1/sup -/ channel in the thermal capture was determined as (94 +- 2)%. For one level an unambiguous spin assignment has been obtained from the decay scheme.

  7. Investigation of the /sup 59/Co(n,. gamma. )/sup 60/Co reaction with unpolarized and polarized neutrons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kopecky, J. (Stichting Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland, Petten. Nuclear Structure Group); Delfini, M.G. (Stichting Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland, Petten. Nuclear Structure Group; Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht (Netherlands). Fysisch Lab.); Chrien, R.E. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA))

    1984-10-15

    Capture of 24 keV neutrons and polarized as well as unpolarized thermal neutrons in /sup 59/Co has been investigated. Of the 350 ..gamma..-rays observed 335 could be placed in a /sup 60/Co level scheme containing 144 levels. The reaction Q-value amounts to 7491.92(8) keV. The chi/sup 2/ analysis of the circularly polarized ..gamma..-rays results in 31 unambiguous spin assignments for /sup 60/Co levels. The fraction of the J=4/sup -/ channel in the thermal capture was determined to be (80 +- 1)%. An average ..gamma..-ray multiplicity of 2.3 gammas per neutron capture was observed. The resulting level scheme is compared to shell-model predictions. Possible reaction mechanisms are discussed.

  8. Resolution Limits of Migration and Linearized Waveform Inversion Images in a Lossy Medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuster, Gerard T.; Dutta, Gaurav; Li, Jing

    2017-03-01

    The vertical- and horizontal-resolution limits Δxlossy and Δzlossy of poststack migration and linearized waveform inversion images are derived for lossy data in the far-field approximation. Unlike the horizontal resolution limit Δx∝λz/L in a lossless medium which linearly worsens in depth z, Δxlossy∝z2/QL worsens quadratically with depth for a medium with small Q values. Here, Q is the quality factor, λ is the effective wavelength, L is the recording aperture, and loss in the resolution formulas is accounted for by replacing λ with z/Q. In contrast, the lossy vertical-resolution limit Δzlossy only worsens linearly in depth compared to Δz∝λ for a lossless medium. For both the causal and acausal Q models, the resolution limits are linearly proportional to 1/Q for small Q. These theoretical predictions are validated with migration images computed from lossy data.

  9. Mass mapping of a new area of neutron-deficient suburanium nuclides

    CERN Document Server

    Novikov, Y N; Bosch, F; Falch, M; Geissel, H; Hausmann, M; Kerscher, T; Klepper, O; Kluge, H J; Kozhuharov, C; Litvinov, Y A; Löbner, K E G; Münzenberg, G; Patyk, Z; Radon, T; Scheidenberger, C; Wapstra, A H; Wollnik, H

    2002-01-01

    The masses of 64 short-lived neutron-deficient nuclides covering the element range from tungsten to uranium have been obtained for the first time. They have been evaluated by combining directly measured masses from Schottky mass spectrometry with linked experimental Q-values in alpha-decay chains. Based on these new mass data we have determined the one-proton and two-proton drip-lines as well as the size of the 'littoral shallow' of the sea of instability. No evidence of a Thomas-Ehrman shift has been found in the region of the investigated heavy nuclides. A peculiar behavior of two-proton separation energies has been observed in the lead region. The predictive power of various mass models is investigated.

  10. Nonequilibrium phase transition in a driven Potts model with friction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iglói, Ferenc; Pleimling, Michel; Turban, Loïc

    2011-04-01

    We consider magnetic friction between two systems of q-state Potts spins which are moving along their boundaries with a relative constant velocity ν. Due to the interaction between the surface spins there is a permanent energy flow and the system is in a steady state, which is far from equilibrium. The problem is treated analytically in the limit ν=∞ (in one dimension, as well as in two dimensions for large-q values) and for v and q finite by Monte Carlo simulations in two dimensions. Exotic nonequilibrium phase transitions take place, the properties of which depend on the type of phase transition in equilibrium. When this latter transition is of first order, a sequence of second- and first-order nonequilibrium transitions can be observed when the interaction is varied. ©2011 American Physical Society

  11. New band-notched UWB antenna

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Xiao-xiang; DENG Hong-wei

    2009-01-01

    A simple and compact ultra wideband (UWB) printed monopole antenna with band-notched performance is proposed in this paper. The antenna is partially grounded so that the Q value is depressed and the impedance bandwidth is broadened. A small strip bar is loaded on each arm of the similar U-shaped radiator. The impedance bandwidth of the antenna overlap with IEEE 802.11a is rejected consequently. The geometry parameters of the antenna are investigated and optimized with HFSS. The measured bandwidth of the proposed antenna occupies about 7.89 GHz covering from 3.05 GHz to 10.94 GHz with expected notched band from 4.96 GHz to 5.98 GHz. A quasi-omnidirectional and quasi-symmetrical radiation pattern in the whole band is also obtained. As a result, a UWB wireless communication system can be simplified with the band-notched UWB antenna presented.

  12. Silicon waveguides and devices for the mid-infrared

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milošević, Milan M.; Nedeljkovic, Milos; Ben Masaud, Taha M.; Jaberansary, Ehsan; Chong, Harold M. H.; Emerson, Neil G.; Reed, Graham T.; Mashanovich, Goran Z.

    2012-09-01

    We report on the design, fabrication, and characterization of silicon-on-insulator rib and strip waveguides at wavelengths longer than 3.7 μm. Propagation losses of 1.5 ± 0.2 dB/cm at 3.73 μm and 1.8 ± 0.2 dB/cm at 3.8 μm have been measured for rib waveguides, whilst submicron strip waveguides exhibited propagation losses of 4.6 ± 1.1 dB/cm at the wavelength of 3.74 μm. A 1×2 multimode interference (MMI) splitter and racetrack resonators based on submicron strip waveguides are also examined. Optical losses of 3.6 ± 0.2 dB/MMI and a racetrack resonator Q-value of 8.2 k are obtained at 3.74 μm.

  13. Relativistic mean field study of the properties of Z=117 nucleus and the decay chains of $^{293,294}$117 isotopes

    CERN Document Server

    Bhuyan, M

    2010-01-01

    We have calculated the binding energy, root-mean-square radius and quadrupole deformation parameter for the recently synthesized superheavy element Z=117, using the axially deformed relativistic mean field (RMF) model. The calculation is extended to various isotopes of Z=117 element, strarting from A=286 till A=310. We predict almost spherical structures in the ground state for almost all the isotopes. A shape transition appears at about A=292 from prolate to a oblate shape structures of Z=117 nucleus in our mean field approach. The most stable isotope (largest binding energy per nucleon) is found to be the $^{288}$117 nucleus. Also, the Q-value of $\\alpha$-decay $Q_\\alpha$ and the half-lives $T_{\\alpha}$ are calculated for the $\\alpha$-decay chains of $^{293}$117 and $^{294}$117, supporting the magic numbers at N=172 and/ or 184.

  14. Study of patient's injuries by stingrays, lethal activity determination and cardiac effects induced by Himantura gerrardi venom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dehghani, Hadi; Sajjadi, Mir Masoud; Rajaian, Hamid; Sajedianfard, Javad; Parto, Paria

    2009-11-01

    Stingrays are common inhabitants in the northern waters of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. In the present study, the clinical aspects of injuries induced in three patients bitten by stingrays in Hormozgan province waters were first examined. The LD(50) of crude venom extract obtained from the most common stingray in Hormozgan province (Himantura gerrardi) was then estimated by up-and-down dosing and double dose methods in mice. Third and finally, the cardiac symptoms induced by injection of the extract from the venomous spines were evaluated in rats. Intense pain was noticed in all human cases. Redness was observed in two cases, and spasm and seizure were each recorded in only one case. LD(50) of the venom extract in mice was about 100 mg kg(-1). The observed cardiac symptoms in rats included an increase in pulse rate and various changes in electrocardiogram (ECG) parameters such as T and Q values, and PR and RR intervals.

  15. Precision Atomic Physics Techniques for Nuclear Physics with Radioactive Beams

    CERN Document Server

    Blaum, Klaus; Nörtershäuser, Wilfried

    2012-01-01

    Atomic physics techniques for the determination of ground-state properties of radioactive isotopes are very sensitive and provide accurate masses, binding energies, Q-values, charge radii, spins, and electromagnetic moments. Many fields in nuclear physics benefit from these highly accurate numbers. They give insight into details of the nuclear structure for a better understanding of the underlying effective interactions, provide important input for studies of fundamental symmetries in physics, and help to understand the nucleosynthesis processes that are responsible for the observed chemical abundances in the Universe. Penning-trap and and storage-ring mass spectrometry as well as laser spectroscopy of radioactive nuclei have now been used for a long time but significant progress has been achieved in these fields within the last decade. The basic principles of laser spectroscopic investigations, Penning-trap and storage-ring mass measurements of short-lived nuclei are summarized and selected physics results a...

  16. Odd q-state clock spin-glass models in three dimensions, asymmetric phase diagrams, and multiple algebraically ordered phases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilker, Efe; Berker, A Nihat

    2014-12-01

    Distinctive orderings and phase diagram structures are found, from renormalization-group theory, for odd q-state clock spin-glass models in d=3 dimensions. These models exhibit asymmetric phase diagrams, as is also the case for quantum Heisenberg spin-glass models. No finite-temperature spin-glass phase occurs. For all odd q≥5, algebraically ordered antiferromagnetic phases occur. One such phase is dominant and occurs for all q≥5. Other such phases occupy small low-temperature portions of the phase diagrams and occur for 5≤q≤15. All algebraically ordered phases have the same structure, determined by an attractive finite-temperature sink fixed point where a dominant and a subdominant pair states have the only nonzero Boltzmann weights. The phase transition critical exponents quickly saturate to the high q value.

  17. Search for new candidates for the neutrino-oriented mass determination by electron-capture

    CERN Multimedia

    Herfurth, F; Boehm, C; Blaum, K; Beck, D

    2008-01-01

    This proposal is part of an extended program dedicated to the neutrino-mass determination in the electron-capture sector, which aims at ultra-precise mass measurements by Penning traps in combination with cryogenic micro-calorimetry for atomic de-excitation measurements. Here, precise mass measurements with ISOLTRAP are proposed for the orbital electron-capture nuclides $^{194}$Hg and $^{202}$Pb, as well as their daughters, with the goal to determine accurately their Q-values. These values are expected to be the smallest ones among a great variety of known electron-capture precursors. Therefore, these nuclides are strong candidates for an improved electron-neutrino mass determination. We ask for 8 shifts of on-line beam at ISOLDE for mass measurements of $^{194}$Hg, $^{194}$ Au, $^{202}$Pb, and $^{202}$Tl at ISOLTRAP.

  18. Evaluation of {sup 133}Xe and {sup 133}Xe{sup m} decay data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galan, M. [Laboratorio de Metrologia de Radiaciones Ionizantes, CIEMAT, Av. Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain)], E-mail: monica.galan@ciemat.es

    2009-01-15

    This paper presents the decay data evaluation of {sup 133}Xe and {sup 133}Xe{sup m}, which includes the most recent available data, such as half-life results and gamma-ray intensities that have not been considered in previous evaluations. The adopted internal conversion coefficients (ICC) have been calculated using the 'Frozen Orbital' approximation and are compared here to recent measured values. Recent Q-value tabulations, recommended gamma-ray energies for calibrations, as well as new evaluated gamma-ray intensities for the 81- and 233-keV lines (37.0 (3)% and 10.16 (13)%, respectively) are also presented in this evaluation. Atomic radiation emission probabilities (X-ray and Auger electron) associated with nuclear radiations have been deduced and also included in this work.

  19. New Superheavy Element Isotopes: 242Pu(48Ca,5n)285114

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ellison, Paul A; Gregorich, Kenneth E.; Berryman, Jill S.; Bleuel, Darren L.; Clark, Roderick M.; Dragojevic, Irena; Dvorak, Jan; Fallon, Paul; Fineman-Sotomayor, Carolina; Gates, Jacklyn M.; Gothe, Oliver R.; Lee, I-Yang; Loveland, Walter D.; McLaughlin, Joseph P.; Paschalis, Stefanos; Petri, Marina-Kalliopi; Qian, Jing; Stavsetra, Liv; Wiedeking, Mathis; Nitsche, Heino

    2010-10-22

    The new, neutron-deficient, superheavy element isotope {sup 285}114 was produced in {sup 48}Ca irradiations of {sup 242}Pu targets at a center-of-target beam energy of 256 MeV (E* = 50 MeV). The {alpha} decay of {sup 285}114 was followed by the sequential {alpha} decay of four daughter nuclides, {sup 281}Cn, {sup 277}Ds, {sup 273}Hs, and {sup 269}Sg. {sup 265}Rf was observed to decay by spontaneous fission. The measured {alpha}-decay Q values were compared with those from a macroscopic-microscopic nuclear mass model to give insight into superheavy element shell effects. The {sup 242}Pu({sup 48}Ca,5n){sup 285}114 cross section was 0.6{sub -0.5}{sup +0.9} pb.

  20. Internal bremsstrahlung endpoint energy of {sup 54}Mn

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hindi, M. M. [Physics Department, Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, Tennessee 38505 (United States); Larimer, R.-M. [Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Norman, E. B. [Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Rech, G. A. [Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

    2000-05-01

    For {sup 54}Mn there is a discrepancy between the Q{sub EC} obtained from the endpoint energy of the internal bremsstrahlung (IB) spectrum which accompanies the electron capture decay (Q{sub EC}=1353{+-}8 keV) and that obtained from the accepted mass differences (Q{sub EC}=1377{+-}1 keV). This Q value is needed to deduce the partial-half life of the astrophysically interesting {beta}{sup -} decay of {sup 54}Mn from the recently measured {beta}{sup +} partial half-life. To resolve this discrepancy, we have remeasured the endpoint energy of the IB spectrum, by recording coincidences between the IB and the 835-keV {gamma} ray, both detected in Compton-suppressed Ge detectors. The Q{sub EC} we deduce is 1379{+-}8 keV, in agreement with the accepted mass differences. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.

  1. Coupled-resonator optical waveguides: Q-factor and disorder influence

    CERN Document Server

    Grgic, J; Raza, S; Bassi, P; Mortensen, N A

    2010-01-01

    Coupled resonator optical waveguides (CROW) can significantly reduce light propagation pulse velocity due to pronounced dispersion properties. A number of interesting applications have been proposed to benefit from such slow-light propagation. Unfortunately, the inevitable presence of disorder, imperfections, and a finite Q value may heavily affect the otherwise attractive properties of CROWs. We show how finite a Q factor limits the maximum attainable group delay time; the group index is limited by Q, but equally important the feasible device length is itself also limited by damping resulting from a finite Q. Adding the additional effects of disorder to this picture, limitations become even more severe due to destructive interference phenomena, eventually in the form of Anderson localization. Simple analytical considerations demonstrate that the maximum attainable delay time in CROWs is limited by the intrinsic photon lifetime of a single resonator.

  2. Low Background Signal Readout Electronics for the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guinn, I. [University of Washington, Seattle; Abgrall, N. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Avignone, III, F. T. [University of South Carolina/Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Bertrand, F. E. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Efremenko, Yuri [University of Tennessee (UTK) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Galindo-Uribarri, A [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Green, M. P. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Radford, D. C. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Romero-Romero, E. [UTK/ORNL; Varner, R. L. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); White, B. R. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Wilkerson, J. F. [UNC/Triangle Univ. Nucl. Lab, Durham, NC/ORNL; Yu, C.-H. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Majorana, [MAJORANA Collaboration

    2015-01-01

    The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR is a planned 40 kg array of Germanium detectors intended to demonstrate the feasibility of constructing a tonne-scale experiment that will seek neutrinoless double beta decay (0 nu beta beta) in Ge-76. Such an experiment would require backgrounds of less than 1 count/tonne-year in the 4 keV region of interest around the 2039 keV Q-value of the beta beta decay. Designing low-noise electronics, which must be placed in close proximity to the detectors, presents a challenge to reaching this background target. This paper will discuss the MAJORANA collaboration's solutions to some of these challenges.

  3. Breakup mechanisms for 7Li + 197Au, 204Pb systems at sub-barrier energies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luong D.H.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Coincidence measurements of breakup fragments were carried out for the 7Li + 197Au and 204Pb systems at sub-barrier energies. The mechanisms triggering breakup, and time-scales of each process, were identified through the reaction Q-values and the relative energy of the breakup fragments. Binary breakup of 7Li were found to be predominantly triggered by nucleon transfer, with p-pickup leading to 8Be → α + α decay being the preferred breakup mode. From the time-scales of each process, the coincidence yields were separated into prompt and delayed components, allowing the identification of breakup process important in the suppression of complete fusion of 7Li at above-barrier energies.

  4. The impact of global nuclear mass model uncertainties on r-process abundance predictions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mumpower M.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Rapid neutron capture or ‘r-process’ nucleosynthesis may be responsible for half the production of heavy elements above iron on the periodic table. Masses are one of the most important nuclear physics ingredients that go into calculations of r-process nucleosynthesis as they enter into the calculations of reaction rates, decay rates, branching ratios and Q-values. We explore the impact of uncertainties in three nuclear mass models on r-process abundances by performing global monte carlo simulations. We show that root-mean-square (rms errors of current mass models are large so that current r-process predictions are insufficient in predicting features found in solar residuals and in r-process enhanced metal poor stars. We conclude that the reduction of global rms errors below 100 keV will allow for more robust r-process predictions.

  5. Gallium nitride L3 photonic crystal cavities with an average quality factor of 16,900 in the near infrared

    CERN Document Server

    Triviño, Noelia Vico; Urbinati, Giulia; Galli, Matteo; Carlin, Jean-François; Butté, Raphaël; Savona, Vincenzo; Grandjean, Nicolas

    2014-01-01

    Photonic crystal point-defect cavities were fabricated in a GaN free-standing photonic crystal slab. The cavities are based on the popular L3 design, which was optimized using an automated process based on a genetic algorithm, in order to maximize the quality factor. Optical characterization of several individual cavity replicas resulted in an average unloaded quality factor Q = 16,900 at the resonant wavelength {\\lambda} $\\sim 1.3$ {\\mu}m, with a maximal measured Q value of 22,500. The statistics of both the quality factor and the resonant wavelength are well explained by first-principles simulations including fabrication disorder and background optical absorption.

  6. Classification and assessment of rock mass parameters in Choghart iron mine using P-wave velocity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammadreza Hemmati Nourani

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Engineering rock mass classification, based on empirical relations between rock mass parameters and engineering applications, is commonly used in rock engineering and forms the basis for designing rock structures. The basic data required may be obtained from visual observation and laboratory or field tests. However, owing to the discontinuous and variable nature of rock masses, it is difficult for rock engineers to directly obtain the specific design parameters needed. As an alternative, the use of geophysical methods in geomechanics such as seismography may largely address this problem. In this study, 25 seismic profiles with the total length of 543 m have been scanned to determine the geomechanical properties of the rock mass in blocks I, III and IV-2 of the Choghart iron mine. Moreover, rock joint measurements and sampling for laboratory tests were conducted. The results show that the rock mass rating (RMR and Q values have a close relation with P-wave velocity parameters, including P-wave velocity in field (VPF, P-wave velocity in the laboratory (VPL and the ratio of VPF to VPL (i.e. KP = VPF/VPL. However, Q value, totally, has greater correlation coefficient and less error than the RMR. In addition, rock mass parameters including rock quality designation (RQD, uniaxial compressive strength (UCS, joint roughness coefficient (JRC and Schmidt number (RN show close relationship with P-wave velocity. An equation based on these parameters was obtained to estimate the P-wave velocity in the rock mass with a correlation coefficient of 91%. The velocities in two orthogonal directions and the results of joint study show that the wave velocity anisotropy in rock mass may be used as an efficient tool to assess the strong and weak directions in rock mass.

  7. Epigenomic profiling of prostate cancer identifies differentially methylated genes in TMPRSS2:ERG fusion-positive versus fusion-negative tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geybels, Milan S; Alumkal, Joshi J; Luedeke, Manuel; Rinckleb, Antje; Zhao, Shanshan; Shui, Irene M; Bibikova, Marina; Klotzle, Brandy; van den Brandt, Piet A; Ostrander, Elaine A; Fan, Jian-Bing; Feng, Ziding; Maier, Christiane; Stanford, Janet L

    2015-01-01

    About half of all prostate cancers harbor the TMPRSS2:ERG (T2E) gene fusion. While T2E-positive and T2E-negative tumors represent specific molecular subtypes of prostate cancer (PCa), previous studies have not yet comprehensively investigated how these tumor subtypes differ at the epigenetic level. We therefore investigated epigenome-wide DNA methylation profiles of PCa stratified by T2E status. The study included 496 patients with clinically localized PCa who had a radical prostatectomy as primary treatment for PCa. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) "break-apart" assays were used to determine tumor T2E-fusion status, which showed that 266 patients (53.6 %) had T2E-positive PCa. The study showed global DNA methylation differences between tumor subtypes. A large number of differentially methylated CpG sites were identified (false-discovery rate [FDR] Q-value <0.00001; n = 27,876) and DNA methylation profiles accurately distinguished between tumor T2E subgroups. A number of top-ranked differentially methylated CpGs in genes (FDR Q-values ≤1.53E-29) were identified: C3orf14, CACNA1D, GREM1, KLK10, NT5C, PDE4D, RAB40C, SEPT9, and TRIB2, several of which had a corresponding alteration in mRNA expression. These genes may have various roles in the pathogenesis of PCa, and the calcium-channel gene CACNA1D is a known ERG-target. Analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data provided confirmatory evidence for our findings. This study identified substantial differences in DNA methylation profiles of T2E-positive and T2E-negative tumors, thereby providing further evidence that different underlying oncogenic pathways characterize these molecular subtypes.

  8. DEPOSITION VELOCITY ESTIMATION WITH THE GENII V2 SOFTWARE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hutchins, H.

    2012-04-23

    In 2010, the Department of Energy (DOE) Chief of Nuclear Safety and Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS), with the support of industry experts in atmospheric sciences and accident dose consequences analysis, performed detailed analyses of the basis for the dry deposition velocity (DV) values used in the MACCS2 computer code. As a result of these analyses, DOE concluded that the historically used default DV values of 1 centimeter/second (cm/s) for unfiltered/unmitigated releases and 0.1 cm/s for filtered/mitigated releases may not be reasonably conservative for all DOE sites and accident scenarios. HSS recently issued Safety Bulletin 2011-02, Accident Analysis Parameter Update, recommending the use of the newly developed default DV, 0.1 cm/s for an unmitigated/unfiltered release. Alternatively site specific DV values can be developed using GENII version 2 (GENII v2) computer code. Key input parameters for calculating DV values include surface roughness, maximum wind speed for calm, particle size, particle density and meteorological data (wind speed and stability class). This paper will include reasonably conservative inputs, and a truncated parametric study. In lieu of the highly-conservative recommended DV value (0.1cm/s) for unmitigated/unfiltered release, GENII v2 has been used to justify estimated 95th percentile DV values. Also presented here are atmospheric dilution factors ({chi}/Q values) calculated with the MACCS2 code using the DV values form GENII v2, {chi}/Q values calculated directly with GENII v2, and a discussion of these results compare with one another. This paper will give an overview of the process of calculating DV with GENII v2 including a discussion of the sensitivity of input parameters.

  9. Corneal haze and visual outcome after collagen crosslinking for keratoconus: A comparison between total epithelium off and partial epithelial removal methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Razmjoo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Keratoconus is an asymmetric, bilateral, progressive noninflammatory ectasia of the cornea that affects approximately 1 in 2000 of the general population. This may cause a significant negative impact on quality of life. Corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL is one of the recently introduced methods that have been used to decrease the progression of keratoconus, in particular, as well as other corneal-thinning processes. Materials and Methods: A total of 44 keratoconic eyes of 22 patients were enrolled in this randomized prospective study, after obtaining informed consent. In the first group, the corneal epithelium were totally removed and in the second group, the central 3 mm of epithelium was kept intact and partial removal was performed. After collagen crosslinking in both groups, comprehensive ophthalmologic examination was performed on all patients before and 6 months after the surgery. This article is registered at www.clinicaltrial.gov with registration number NCT01809977. Results: The difference between the two groups was not statistically significant regarding postoperative corneal haziness, refraction, and visual acuity (P > 0.05. However, comparison of pre- and postoperative parameters within each group revealed that total removal of the cornea has resulted in significant improvement of K-max (P value: 0.01 and Q-value (P value: 0.009; while eyes in partial removal group had better improvement of corrected vision (P value: 0.006. Both methods had significant and similar increase in optical corneal density (P < 0.0001. Conclusion: In our study, keeping the central corneal epithelium intact was not beneficial for decreasing corneal haziness, however, this method caused better improvement in corrected vision. Total epithelium off technique resulted in better improvement of K-max and Q-value.

  10. Bridge pier foundation evaluation using cross-hole seismic tomographic imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butchibabu, B.; Sandeep, N.; Sivaram, Y. V.; Jha, P. C.; Khan, P. K.

    2017-09-01

    An ambitious project connecting Jammu and Srinagar through a railway link in tectonically active and geologically complex Himalayan Mountain terrain is under progress. Under this project, the world's highest (359 m) railway arch-bridge is under construction across the River Chenab in the northern territory of India. This mega engineering structure has a two-fold ribbed arch design, comprising of steel girders. During the excavation for one of the concrete pillars on the right abutment, wide open joints and weak/shear zones were noticed. The width of these joints varies from 30 to 50 cm, trending along N170° with a dip of 65°. The foundation area of this pillar is 13 m × 24 m and on the cut slopes of the right bank of Chenab River. These exposed joints and weak zones were treated with consolidation grouting to strengthen the foundation area. To delineate the extent of these joints and weak zones below the foundation level, seismic tomography was carried out in five boreholes drilled for this purpose to cover the 300 sq-m area. The results of cross-hole seismic tomography reveals the presence of three low velocity (≤ 2600 m/s) anomalous zones below the foundation area. This also ascertained the efficacy of grouting in consolidating the joints and weak zones. Later, rock-mass quality (Q) was determined based on the relationship between the P-wave velocity and the Q-value (Barton, 2002) to infer the support system for the slope stabilization below the foundation. 3-D visualization of the seismic velocity demarcates the extent of weak or untreated zones. This methodology facilitates to update the design parameters according to Q-values during the construction stage and estimate the required level of reinforcement and support system. Similar methodology can be applicable in other areas under same site conditions.

  11. High-Q Wafer Level Package Based on Modified Tri-Layer Anodic Bonding and High Performance Getter and Its Evaluation for Micro Resonant Pressure Sensor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Liying; Du, Xiaohui; Wang, Lingyun; Xu, Zhanhao; Zhang, Chenying; Gu, Dandan

    2017-03-16

    In order to achieve and maintain a high quality factor (high-Q) for the micro resonant pressure sensor, this paper presents a new wafer level package by adopting cross-layer anodic bonding technique of the glass/silicon/silica (GSS) stackable structure and integrated Ti getter. A double-layer structure similar to a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafer is formed after the resonant layer and the pressure-sensitive layer are bonded by silicon direct bonding (SDB). In order to form good bonding quality between the pressure-sensitive layer and the glass cap layer, the cross-layer anodic bonding technique is proposed for vacuum package by sputtering Aluminum (Al) on the combination wafer of the pressure-sensitive layer and the resonant layer to achieve electrical interconnection. The model and the bonding effect of this technique are discussed. In addition, in order to enhance the performance of titanium (Ti) getter, the prepared and activation parameters of Ti getter under different sputtering conditions are optimized and discussed. Based on the optimized results, the Ti getter (thickness of 300 nm to 500 nm) is also deposited on the inside of the glass groove by magnetron sputtering to maintain stable quality factor (Q). The Q test of the built testing system shows that the number of resonators with a Q value of more than 10,000 accounts for more than 73% of the total. With an interval of 1.5 years, the Q value of the samples remains almost constant. It proves the proposed cross-layer anodic bonding and getter technique can realize high-Q resonant structure for long-term stable operation.

  12. Construction of 0.15 Tesla Overhauser Enhanced MRI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokunaga, Yuumi; Nakao, Motonao; Naganuma, Tatsuya; Ichikawa, Kazuhiro

    2017-01-01

    Overhauser enhanced MRI (OMRI) is one of the free radical imaging technologies and has been used in biomedical research such as for partial oxygen measurements in tumor, and redox status in acute oxidative diseases. The external magnetic field of OMRI is frequently in the range of 5-10 mTesla to ensure microwave penetration into small animals, and the S/N ratio is limited. In this study, a 0.15 Tesla OMRI was constructed and tested to improve the S/N ratio for a small sample, or skin measurement. Specification of the main magnet was as follows: 0.15 Tesla permanent magnet; gap size 160 mm; homogenous spherical volume of 80 mm in diameter. The OMRI resonator was designed based on TE101 cavity mode and machined from a phosphorus deoxidized copper block for electron spin resonance (ESR) excitation and a solenoid transmission/receive resonator for NMR detection. The resonant frequencies and Q values were 6.38 MHz/150 and 4.31-4.41 GHz/120 for NMR and ESR, respectively. The Q values were comparable to those of conventional low field OMRI resonators at 15 mTesla. As expected, the MRI S/N ratio was improved by a factor of 30. Triplet dynamic nuclear polarization spectra were observed for (14)N carboxy-PROXYL, along the excitation microwave sweep. In the current setup, the enhancement factor was ca. 0.5. In conclusion, the results of this preliminary evaluation indicate that the 0.15 Tesla OMRI could be useful for free radical measurement for small samples.

  13. Variations in Vegetation Structure, Species Dominance and Plant Communities in South of the Eastern Desert-Egypt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fawzy SALAMA

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available For two successive years, the floristic diversity and vegetation composition in the southern part of the Eastern Desert ofEgypt were investigated through four transects (3 crossing the Eastern Desert and one along the Red Sea. The data collected from 142 stands covering the study area included the species composition, functional groups, chorology and occurrences (Qvalues. A total of 94 plant species belonging to 33 different families were recorded, with Asteracea, Zygophyllaceae, Fabaceae,Poaceae, Chenopodiaceae and Brassicaceae as the largest families. Shrubs represented the largest functional group (39.4%, while perennial herbs represented the smallest ones (12.8%. Species occurrence (Q-value revealed that Zilla spinosa, Acacia tortilis subsp raddiana, Morettia philaeana, Caroxylon imbricatum, Zygophyllum coccineum and Citrullus colocynthis had wide ecological range of distribution (dominant species, Q-values 0.2. Saharo-Arabian chorotype was highly represented (72.6 % in the flora of this area, eventually as mono, bi or pluriregional. Classification of the data set yielded 7 vegetation groups included: (A Zilla spinosa-Morettia philaeana, (B1 Zilla spinosa-Citrullus colocynthis-Morettia philaeana, (B2 Zilla spinosa, (C1Zygophyllum album-Tamarix nilotica, (C2 Zygophyllum coccineum-Tamarix nilotica, (D1 Zilla spinosa-Zygophyllum coccineum and (D2 Zilla spinosa-Acacia tortilis subsp. raddiana-Tamarix aphylla-Balanites aegyptiaca. Certain vegetation groups were assigned to one or more transects. Detrended Correspondence Analysis (DCA revealed that electrical conductivity, sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, chlorides, moisture content, sulphates, pH, organic matter and gravel were the soil variables that affect the species distribution in this study.

  14. High-Q Wafer Level Package Based on Modified Tri-Layer Anodic Bonding and High Performance Getter and Its Evaluation for Micro Resonant Pressure Sensor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liying Wang

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In order to achieve and maintain a high quality factor (high-Q for the micro resonant pressure sensor, this paper presents a new wafer level package by adopting cross-layer anodic bonding technique of the glass/silicon/silica (GSS stackable structure and integrated Ti getter. A double-layer structure similar to a silicon-on-insulator (SOI wafer is formed after the resonant layer and the pressure-sensitive layer are bonded by silicon direct bonding (SDB. In order to form good bonding quality between the pressure-sensitive layer and the glass cap layer, the cross-layer anodic bonding technique is proposed for vacuum package by sputtering Aluminum (Al on the combination wafer of the pressure-sensitive layer and the resonant layer to achieve electrical interconnection. The model and the bonding effect of this technique are discussed. In addition, in order to enhance the performance of titanium (Ti getter, the prepared and activation parameters of Ti getter under different sputtering conditions are optimized and discussed. Based on the optimized results, the Ti getter (thickness of 300 nm to 500 nm is also deposited on the inside of the glass groove by magnetron sputtering to maintain stable quality factor (Q. The Q test of the built testing system shows that the number of resonators with a Q value of more than 10,000 accounts for more than 73% of the total. With an interval of 1.5 years, the Q value of the samples remains almost constant. It proves the proposed cross-layer anodic bonding and getter technique can realize high-Q resonant structure for long-term stable operation.

  15. STUDY ON INELASTIC ATTENUATION AND SITE RESPONSE OF EACH STATION IN NINGXIA AREA BY USING WAVEFORM DATA FROM DIGITAL SEISMIC STATION NETWORK%利用数字地震波资料研究宁夏地区介质非弹性衰减和场地响应

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许英才; 许文俊; 李鸿庭; 陈继锋

    2011-01-01

    268 pieces of digital oscillograms of 32 seismic events of form ML.2.6 to ML4.9 recorded at 20 seismologic stations located on Ningxia region and its adjacent areas occurred from May, 2009 to Oct. , 2010 were studied and the relation of inelastic attenuation Q value with media frequency in the crust of this area, the site responses of 20 stations were calculated with the genetic algorithm. The results indicate that the frequency-dependent relation of inelastic attenuation value Q in the studied area is estimated as: Q(f) = 337.67f0.4554. The Q value is close to the regional result in Shanxi and Zhejiang. It probably indicate that the geological tectonic activity is in a normal level.%利用宁夏及邻区的数字地震波资料,选取2009-05-2010-10月M_L2.6以上的20个台站32次地震事件的268条波形记录,用遗传算法反演了宁夏及邻区介质非弹性衰减系数和台站场地相应.反演得到:宁夏地区介质非弹性衰减Q值与频率的关系为Q(f)=337.67f0.4554.其Q值和山西及浙江地区的结果最相近,可能预示着该区地质构造活动处于一个正常的活动水平.

  16. Design of C Band LTCC Broadside-coupled Multilayer Filter%C波段LTCC宽边耦合叠层滤波器设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程书博; 赵祖军

    2013-01-01

      C波段LTCC带通滤波器的设计,由于其谐振器采取集中LC元件,其Q值偏低,且LTCC厚膜集中元件大小在C波段相对偏大,为此在设计方面主要考虑利用传输线结构的分布参数谐振单元。分布参数宽边耦合谐振单元耦合系数大,特别适合中宽带滤波器设计。文章根据滤波器指标要求,通过电路综合出滤波器的耦合系数及外部Q值。然后利用LTCC多层优势,实现宽边叠层耦合谐振单元的C波段滤波器。%In the design of C band LTCC band-pass filter, since the resonator uses integrated IC and lumped elements use LTCC thick film, its Q value is low and size is relatively large in C band, so in the designing aspect, distribution parameters resonance unit with transmission line structure is the main consideration. Distributed parameter broadside coupled resonator unit, since its coupling coefficient is high, is particularly suitable to designing broadband filter. According to the requirements of filter, we synthesize the coupling coefficient and external Q value of filter through circuit and then realize C band filter with broadside coupled resonator unit using LTCC multilayer technology.

  17. Prevention of caval collapse during venous drainage for CPB.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel-Sayed, Saad; Favre, Julien; Taub, Steven; von Segesser, Ludwig-Karl

    2013-01-01

    A new plastic self-expanding Smartcanula (Smartcanula LLC, Lausanne, Switzerland) is designed for central insertion and prevention of caval collapse. The objective of our work is to assess the influence of the new design on atrial chatter. Caval collapse over the entire caval axis, right atrial, hepatic, renal vein, and iliac vein is realized in drainage tubes with holes at 5 cm distance intervals. Smartcanulas with various lengths (26 cm [= right atrial], 34 cm [= hepatic], 43 cm [= renal], and 53 cm [= iliac]) versus two-stage cannulas are compared. Pressure drop (ΔP) is measured using Millar pressure-transducers. Flow rate (Q) is measured using an ultrasonic flow meter. Cannula resistance is defined as the ΔP/Q ratio. Data display and recording are controlled using LabView virtual instruments. At an 88 cm height differential, Q values are 8.69 and 6.8 l/min, and ΔP/Q ratios are 0.63 and 1.28 for the 26-cm Smartcanula and the reference cannula, respectively. The 34-cm Smartcanula showed 8.89 l/min and 0.6 ΔP/Q ratio vs. 7.59 l/min and 0.9 for the control cannula (P < 0.05). The 43-cm and 53-cm Smartcanulas showed Q values of 9.04 and 8.81 l/min, respectively, and ΔP/Q2 ratio of 0.6. The Smartcanula outperforms the two-stage cannula, and direct cannula insertion without guide wire is effective.

  18. 文化产业上市公司资本结构与企业绩效实证分析%Empirical Analysis of Capital Structure and Corporate Performance of Listed Companies in Cultural Industries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘颖斐; 王长寿; 李国强

    2011-01-01

    本文以18家文化产业上市公司为代表,实证研究了资本结构与企业绩效的关系,得出了资产负债率与净资产收益率成正相关,并且存在一个最优的资产负债率结构使得企业净资产收益率最大,同时也得出了企业资本结构与企业成长性关系不明确,与托宾Q值之间存在一次正相关,但二次回归不存在最优资本结构,使得托宾Q值最优.应通过创新和扩大外援融资,提高文化产业上市企业的绩效.%This paper made an empirical study on the relationship between capital structure and corporate performance on behalf of 18 listed companies in cultural industries, which obtains positive correlation between asset-liability ratio and return on equity, and exists in an optimal structure of asset-liability ratio which can make maximum return on equity for enterprise, meanwhile, gets the unclear relationship between enterprise capital structure and enterprise growth, and there is a positive correlation between enterprise capital structure and Tobin's Q value, however, there is no optimal capital structure from the results of quadratic regression which make Tobin's Q value best. We should improve the performance of listed companies in cultural industries through innovation and expansion of foreign aid financing.

  19. Second-order temporal modulation transfer functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorenzi, C; Soares, C; Vonner, T

    2001-08-01

    Detection thresholds were measured for a sinusoidal modulation applied to the modulation depth of a sinusoidally amplitude-modulated (SAM) white noise carrier as a function of the frequency of the modulation applied to the modulation depth (referred to as f'm). The SAM noise acted therefore as a "carrier" stimulus of frequency fm, and sinusoidal modulation of the SAM-noise modulation depth generated two additional components in the modulation spectrum: fm-f'm and fm+f'm. The tracking variable was the modulation depth of the sinusoidal variation applied to the "carrier" modulation depth. The resulting "second-order" temporal modulation transfer functions (TMTFs) measured on four listeners for "carrier" modulation frequencies fm of 16, 64, and 256 Hz display a low-pass segment followed by a plateau. This indicates that sensitivity to fluctuations in the strength of amplitude modulation is best for fluctuation rates f'm below about 2-4 Hz when using broadband noise carriers. Measurements of masked modulation detection thresholds for the lower and upper modulation sideband suggest that this capacity is possibly related to the detection of a beat in the sound's temporal envelope. The results appear qualitatively consistent with the predictions of an envelope detector model consisting of a low-pass filtering stage followed by a decision stage. Unlike listeners' performance, a modulation filterbank model using Q values > or = 2 should predict that second-order modulation detection thresholds should decrease at high values of f'm due to the spectral resolution of the modulation sidebands (in the modulation domain). This suggests that, if such modulation filters do exist, their selectivity is poor. In the latter case, the Q value of modulation filters would have to be less than 2. This estimate of modulation filter selectivity is consistent with the results of a previous study using a modulation-masking paradigm [S. D. Ewert and T. Dau, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 108, 1181

  20. Effects of ginsenoside of stem and leaf combined with choline on learning and memory ability of rat models with Alzheimer diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaomin Zhao; Xianglin Xie; Zuoli Xia; Yunsheng Gao; Yuyun Zhu; Hongxia Gu

    2006-01-01

    alternating current. If rats jumped down from the platform and the feet touched railings, the response was wrong. Numbers of wrong response were recorded within 3 minutes, and then the test was redone after 24 hours. ② Morris water-maze spatial localization task:Swimming from jumping-off to platform directly was regarded as right response. Additionally, 4 successively right responses were regarded as the standard. Each rat was trained 10 times a day with 120 s per time for 3successive days. The interval was 30 s. Three days later, numbers of right response were recorded. The traincortex: Rats were sacrificed at 17 days after operation to obtain cerebral cortex to measure activity of choilne acetylase with radiochemistry technique. ④ Synergistic effect: It was expressed as Q value: Q value = factual incorporative effect/anticipant incorporative effect; Q ≥ 1 was regarded as synergistic effect. Anticipant incorporative effect = (EA+EB-EA· EB), EA and EB were single timing effect, respectively in GSL group and choline group. E(step-down test and Morris water maze test) = (x in model group - factual value in medicine groups)/x in model group; E (activity of choiine acetylase) = (factual value in medicine groups -xin model group)/x in model group.MATN OUTCOME MEASURES : ① Passive avoidance step-down test and Morris water-maze spatial localization task in the study of learning and memory; ② activity of choiine acetylase.RESULTS: All 40 rats were involved in the final analysis. ① Passive avoidance response: At learning phase on first day and retesting phase on the next day, numbers of wrong responses within 3 minutes were more in model group than sham operation group, and there was significant difference [(5.88±1.46), (2.25±0.87) times;(2.63±1.06), (0.50±0.53) times; P< 0.01]; numbers of wrong responses within 3 minutes were less in combination group than model group, and there was significant difference [learning phase: (1.12±0.83), (5.88±1.46)times; retesting

  1. Optimization of microsphere’s DQ pro duct based on resonant micro-optical gyro%面向谐振式微光学陀螺应用的球形谐振腔DQ乘积优化∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建华; 钱坤; 刘俊; 薛晨阳; 唐军; 商成龙; 张伟; 毕钰; 翟陈婷; 郭泽彬; 王明焕; 郭浩

    2015-01-01

    Based on the development of high sensitivity, low cost, high integration and miniaturization demand of the resonant micro-optical gyro(R-MOG), and in order to achieve a resonant micro-optical-mechano-electrical integrative gyro having high sensitivity, a microsphere optical resonator key sensitive element for producting a cavity with high quality value (Q value) and large diameter in the field of integrated optical micro resonator is proposed, for making a resonant micro optical gyro. Microsphere optical resonator is made by means of water-hydrogen flame melting, and the SiO2 microspherical cavity is formed under the natural cooling and contraction surface tension. Microsphere optical resonator with its diameter D ranging from 300 µm to 2200 µm is fabricated by melting method with hydrogen flame as a heat source through controlling the hydrogen flame’s area by regulating the flow of hydrogen gas. The resonator serves as the key unit of the resonant optical gyro sensitive parts, its Q value and diameter D have direct effect on the performance of the resonant angular velocity sensor. Affect parameters on the performance of the microsphere optical resonator with different diameters is tested and processed to obtain the result. The corresponding relationship among Q value, DQ product, resonant micro-optical gyro’s sensitivity and microspherical cavity diameter D is analyzed, and the reason for them is given. With the increase of microspherical cavity diameter D, the Q value and DQ product reduce after rising first, while the gyro sensitivity goes to rise and fall. Based on the microsphere optical resonator DQ product optimization research, the resonant micro-optical gyro’s key sensitive unit with best parameters is obtained. When the microspherical cavity diameter D varies from 600 to 200 µm, the gyro sensitivity can meet the condition thatδΩ<30◦/h, which arrives at the tactical level. When the microsphere cavity diameter D is 1260 µm, the Q value of

  2. Potential improvement of Schmidt-hammer exposure-age dating (SHD) of moraines in the Southern Alps, New Zealand, by application of the new electronic Schmidt-hammer (SilverSchmidt)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkler, Stefan; Corbett, David

    2014-05-01

    collected so that the plunger impacts of both instruments were set close together on the rock surface (to avoid any influence of modifications to the surface by consecutive impacts on the same spot). In order to test their performance at the higher and lower end of surface hardness, similar paired sample tests were also made on the full-metal test anvil. The results of paired samples for all sites/moraines reveal that Q-/R-value pairs are closely clustered for young surfaces but more scattered for the older ones with a corresponding moderate R2 for a calculated linear trend. The greater variability of the older, weathered surfaces with greater scatter and hence higher standard deviations and broader confidence intervals has been recognised in numerous previous Schmidt-hammer studies and is elated to the effects of micro-scale lithological variability, which becomes a more pronounced influence with time exposed to subaerial weathering. But most important, Q-values and R-values are closely related and Q-values are systematically higher than R-values by c. 10 - 12 units over most of the operational range of both instruments. Linear conversion equations indicate a conversion factor in the order of + 11 units is applicable when converting R-values to Q-values. These estimates agree well with data obtained on the standard test anvil. Given the apparent interconvertibility of the two instruments, the SilverSchmidt is regarded as a potential replacement for the mechanical Schmidt hammer. This enables, moreover, continuity in study areas with existing R-value data archives. However, when comparing data sets of different age, adjustments must be made for any changes to the instrumental calibration value over time. References: Winkler, S. (2005): The 'Schmidt hammer' as a relative-age dating technique: potential and limitations of its application on Holocene moraines in Mt Cook National Park, Southern Alps, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 48, 105 - 116

  3. 腌制方法对鸭蛋黄成分变化及品质影响%Effect of salting processing on composition and quality of duck yolk under different method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄娟; 林捷; 郑华; 刘铃; 郑洋洋; 陈永生

    2012-01-01

    Duck egg coated by ash paste mixed with salt and brined in saline the changes of moisture,salt,R value and Q value,lipid,soluble protein and sulfhydryl of egg yolk during curing process,and difference of sensory quality of salted egg yolk(7 weeks).With salting time increasing,the moisture content of egg from immersing method is significantly lower than coating method,the salt content is higher in contrary;R value in egg white is higher than in yolk,R value and Q value of coated egg are both lower than immersed egg.Q values of coated egg and immersed egg were 0.88 and 0.90 respectively;lipid content increased to 48.45% and 50.67%,while their total lipid are both no significant difference during curing process;soluble protein content increased to 6.75% and 6.08%;the surface and free sulfhydryl group reduced to 0.31,0.28 mmol/g and 1.68,1.34 mmol/g egg yolk respectively.The shape,taste and smell of coated egg yolk are better than immersed,their sensory scores are 88.9 and 78.65 respectively.%研究了鸭蛋在草木灰包裹法和盐水浸泡法腌制过程中,水分含量、盐分含量、R值与Q值,蛋黄总脂肪、可溶性蛋白质和巯基含量的变化以及成熟(7周)后两者蛋黄的感官品质。7周内,随腌制时间的延长,浸泡法鸭蛋黄水分含量明显低于包裹法鸭蛋黄,盐分含量却高于包裹法;蛋清R值高于蛋黄,灰蛋的R值、Q值都低于盐水蛋。第7周,灰蛋和盐水蛋的Q值上升为0.88和0.90;脂肪占湿重的含量上升至48.45%和50.67%,而腌制期总脂肪量是没有变化的;可溶性蛋白质含量增加至6.75%和6.08%;表面巯基和游离巯基下降至0.31、0.28mmol/g蛋黄和1.68、1.34mmol/g蛋黄。灰蛋蛋黄在形态、滋味和气味方面明显优于盐水蛋,感官评分分别为88.9和78.65。

  4. Establishment of Predictive Model for Quantitative Analysis of Major Components in Jasmine Tea by Near Infrared Spectroscopy(NIRS)%茉莉花茶主要品质成分定量近红外光谱分析模型的建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈美丽; 张俊; 龚淑英; 唐德松; 张颖彬; 顾志蕾

    2013-01-01

    Taking 112 representative jasmine tea as research material, the quantitative calibration models for determining the contents of 13 chemical compositions such as total tea polyphenols (TP), free amino acids (AA), caffeine (CAFF), water extract, GA, GC, EGC, C, EC, EGCG, GCG, ECG, CG were established by NIRS combined with chemometrics. Q-value taking all important statistical values into account can evaluate the quality of models. Results showed that almost all the Q-value of models was 0.8~0.9, except for CG with a Q-value of 0.7702. Each of the 13 predictive models was applied for external inspection. Coefficients of correlation (R) between predicted value by NIR and the actual value were exceed 0.9, except CAFF and GCG was 0.7~0.8 and GC、EGCG、ECG、CG was 0.8~0.9. The established models present high stability and predictive accuracy. This paper provided a simple and convenient method for measuring the contents of major quality components in jasmine tea.%  选择有代表性的112个茉莉花茶茶样为实验材料,采用近红外光谱分析技术结合化学计量学方法对茶多酚总量(TP)、游离氨基酸总量(AA)、咖啡碱(CAFF)、水浸出物(water extract)、没食子酸(GA)、没食子儿茶素(GC)、表没食子儿茶素(EGC)、儿茶素(C)、表儿茶素(EC)、表没食子儿茶素没食子酸酯(EGCG)、没食子儿茶素没食子酸酯(GCG)、表儿茶素没食子酸酯(ECG)、儿茶素没食子酸酯(CG)这13种品质成分的含量建立定量分析模型.结果显示,除 CG 的模型综合评价指标 Q 值为0.7702以外,其余的 Q 值为0.8~0.9.经外部检验,CAFF 和 GCG 的真实值与预测值的相关系数 R 为0.7~0.8,GC、EGCG、ECG、CG 为0.8~0.9,其余均达0.9以上,模型效果较好,为简便快速地测定茉莉花茶品质成分的含量提供了新思路.

  5. Nitrogen concentrations in a small Mediterranean stream: 1. Nitrate 2. Ammonium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Butturini

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The importance of storm frequency as well as the groundwater and hyporheic inputs on nitrate (NO3-N and ammonium (NH4-N levels in stream water were studied in a small perennial Mediterranean catchment, Riera Major, in northeast Spain. NO3-N concentrations ranged from 0.15 to 1.9 mg l-1. Discharge explained 47% of the annual NO3-N concentration variance, but this percentage increased to 97% when single floods were analysed. The rate of change in nitrate concentration with respect to flow, ΔNO3-N/ΔQ, ranged widely from 0 to 20 μg NO3-N s l-2. The ΔNO3-N/ΔQ values fitted to a non linear model with respect to the storm flow magnitude (ΔQ (r2=0.48, d.f.=22, P3-N/ΔQ occurred at intermediate ΔQ values, whereas low ΔNO3-N/ΔQ values occurred during severe storms (ΔQ > 400 l s-1. N3-N concentrations exhibit anticlockwise hysteresis patterns with changing flow and the patterns observed for autumnal and winter storms indicated that groundwater was the main N3-N source for stream and hyporheic water. At baseflow, NO3-N concentration in groundwater was higher (t=4.75, d.f.=29, P>0.001 and co-varied with concentrations in the stream (r=0.91, d.f.=28, P3-N concentration in hyporheic water was identical to that in stream water. The role of the hyporheic zone as source or sink for ammonium was studied hyporheic was studied comparing its concentrations in stream and hyporheic zone before and after a major storm occurred in October 1994 that removed particulate organic matter stored in sediments. Results showed high ammonium concentrations (75±28 s.d. μg NH4-N l-1 before the storm flow in the hyporheic zone. After the storm, the ammonium concentration in the hyporheic dropped by 80% (13.6±8 μg N4-N l-1 and approached to the level found in stream water (11±8 μg NH4-N l-1 indicating that indisturbed hyporheic sediments act as a source for ammonium. After the storm, the ammonium concentrations in the stream, hyporheic and groundwater zones were very

  6. Hot Deformation Characteristics for a Nickel-base Superalloy GH742y

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fuwei Kang; Jianfei Sun; Guoqing Zhang; Zhou Li

    2009-01-01

    The hot deformation characteristics of as-cast nickel-base superalloy GH742y after hot isostatic pressing (HIP)(hereafter referred to as-cast alloy) have been investigated by hot compression tests in the temperature range of 1050 to 1140℃, strain rate range of 0.01 s-1 to 10 s-1 and strain range of 35% to 50% by means of Gleeble-3500 thermal mechanical simulator.The results show that the as-cast alloy exhibits the poor deformability, and shows wedge-shaped cracking beyond the strain of 35%.At strain rates less than 1.0 s-1,the stress-strain curves exhibit nearly steady-state behavior, while at strain rate of 10 s-1, a yield drop and serrated yielding occur.The activation energy values developed on the basis of the experimental data are divided into three domains.The first domain appears at lower strain rate (≤1.0 s-1) and lower temperature (≤1080℃), with the lowest mean value of activation energy about 261.4 kJ/mol.The second domain appears at the same strain rate as the first domain, but higher temperature (>1080℃), with the intermediate mean value of activation energy about 328.8 kJ/mol.The third domain appears at higher strain rate (10 s-1) and temperature range of 1050 to 1140℃, with the largest mean value of activation energy about 605.05 kJ/mol.Three different constitutive equations are established in corresponding to domains.Microstructural observations in the third domain reveal non-uniform dynamic recrystallization (DRX) of homogeneous γ phase, which leads to the poor deformability and the highest Q value.In contrast, microstructures in the first domain show fully DRX of homogeneous γ phase, leading to the better deformability and the lowest Q value.It is noted that the grain size increases with the increment of strain rate or temperature.These results suggest that bulk metal working of this material may be carried out in the first domain where fully DRX of γ homogeneous occurred.

  7. Analysis of pharmacogenomic variants associated with population differentiation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bora Yeon

    Full Text Available In the present study, we systematically investigated population differentiation of drug-related (DR genes in order to identify common genetic features underlying population-specific responses to drugs. To do so, we used the International HapMap project release 27 Data and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base (PharmGKB database. First, we compared four measures for assessing population differentiation: the chi-square test, the analysis of variance (ANOVA F-test, Fst, and Nearest Shrunken Centroid Method (NSCM. Fst showed high sensitivity with stable specificity among varying sample sizes; thus, we selected Fst for determining population differentiation. Second, we divided DR genes from PharmGKB into two groups based on the degree of population differentiation as assessed by Fst: genes with a high level of differentiation (HD gene group and genes with a low level of differentiation (LD gene group. Last, we conducted a gene ontology (GO analysis and pathway analysis. Using all genes in the human genome as the background, the GO analysis and pathway analysis of the HD genes identified terms related to cell communication. "Cell communication" and "cell-cell signaling" had the lowest Benjamini-Hochberg's q-values (0.0002 and 0.0006, respectively, and "drug binding" was highly enriched (16.51 despite its relatively high q-value (0.0142. Among the 17 genes related to cell communication identified in the HD gene group, five genes (STX4, PPARD, DCK, GRIK4, and DRD3 contained single nucleotide polymorphisms with Fst values greater than 0.5. Specifically, the Fst values for rs10871454, rs6922548, rs3775289, rs1954787, and rs167771 were 0.682, 0.620, 0.573, 0.531, and 0.510, respectively. In the analysis using DR genes as the background, the HD gene group contained six significant terms. Five were related to reproduction, and one was "Wnt signaling pathway," which has been implicated in cancer. Our analysis suggests that the HD gene group from PharmGKB is

  8. 一阶回归模型下Q和QB准则的几个结果%SOME RESULTS ON Q AND QB CRITERIA UNDER THE FIRST ORDER REGRESSION MODEL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张裕; 覃红

    2012-01-01

    In experimental design,the first order regression model has been usually used to screen a few important main effects from a large number of potential factors.The so-called Q and Qb criteria can find optimal designs from many eligible model uncertainty.This paper aims to explore the optimal relationship of Q and Qb criteria between the original design d with two levels and its double design Dd under the first order regression model,where Dd =(dddd) A new analytical relation between Q-values or QB-values of d and Dd is obtained,which shows that under Q criterion or Qb criterion,if d is optimal,then Dd is also optimal.Moreever,some lower bounds on Q-values and QB-values of d and Dd are also derived,respectively.%在试验设计中,一阶回归模型通常被作为合格拟合模型用来从众多因子中筛选出效应显著的特殊因子,而Q和QB准则能够比较简单地从大量的合格拟合模型中找出具有最优性质的设计.主要探讨了当拟合模型为一阶回归模型时,二水平的初始设计d与其Double设计 (ddd-d)在Q和QB准则下的最优关系.给出了初始设计d的Q和QB值与其Double设计的Q和QB值之间的解析关系,从而得到在Q或QB准则下如果初始设计d是最优的,那么其Double设计也是最优的.此外,也分别给出了初始设计d及其Double设计的Q值和QB值的一个下界.

  9. Transverse emittance dilution due to coupler kicks in linear accelerators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brandon Buckley

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available One of the main concerns in the design of low emittance linear accelerators (linacs is the preservation of beam emittance. Here we discuss one possible source of emittance dilution, the coupler kick, due to transverse electromagnetic fields in the accelerating cavities of the linac caused by the power coupler geometry. In addition to emittance growth, the coupler kick also produces orbit distortions. It is common wisdom that emittance growth from coupler kicks can be strongly reduced by using two couplers per cavity mounted opposite each other or by having the couplers of successive cavities alternate from above to below the beam pipe so as to cancel each individual kick. While this is correct, including two couplers per cavity or alternating the coupler location requires large technical changes and increased cost for superconducting cryomodules where cryogenic pipes are arranged parallel to a string of several cavities. We therefore analyze consequences of alternate coupler placements. We show here that alternating the coupler location from above to below compensates the emittance growth as well as the orbit distortions. For sufficiently large Q values, alternating the coupler location from before to after the cavity leads to a cancellation of the orbit distortion but not of the emittance growth, whereas alternating the coupler location from before and above to behind and below the cavity cancels the emittance growth but not the orbit distortion. We show that cancellations hold for sufficiently large Q values. These compensations hold even when each cavity is individually detuned, e.g., by microphonics. Another effective method for reducing coupler kicks that is studied is the optimization of the phase of the coupler kick so as to minimize the effects on emittance from each coupler. This technique is independent of the coupler geometry but relies on operating on crest. A final technique studied is symmetrization of the cavity geometry in the

  10. 基于局部加权k近邻的多机器人系统异步互增强学习%Asynchronous interaction reinforcement learning for multi-robot systems based on local weighted kNN-TD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨月全; 韩飞; 金露; 倪春波; 曹志强; 张天平

    2012-01-01

    To accelerate the learning speed of robots for multi-robot systems and make full use of experience and results of other robots in the communication domain, two kinds of multi-robot learning strategies based on the local weighted k-nearest neighbor temporal difference (kNN-TD) algorithm are proposed. Without consideration of time delays during the communications of robots, based on the method of local weighted kNN-TD state selection by using environment sense information and task destination information, the optimal iteration of Q value table of a robot is updated by the employment of comparison and analysis of Q value tables of itself and other communicating robots. After that, asynchronous interaction reinforcement learning schemes are presented in the case of global communication and local communication in the working environment, respectively. Finally, the simulations verify the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed strategy.%针对多机器人系统的增强学习问题,为提高机器人的学习速度和充分利用通信范围内其他机器人的增强学习的经验和结果,给出了2类基于局部加权k近邻时间差分的多机器人系统的交互式学习策略.对于机器人之间通信无时滞情形,基于环境感测和任务信息状态描述的局部加权k近邻状态选择方法,机器人通过对自身和通信范围内其他机器人Q值表的比较和分析,对其自身的Q值表进行优化迭代更新.在此基础上,分别给出了基于全局通信条件下和局部通信条件下多机器人系统的异步的互增强学习方案.最后,通过仿真实验进一步验证了所提方案的可行性和有效性.

  11. Low-Power Three-Stage Amplifier Using Active-Feedback Miller Capacitor and Serial RC Frequency Compensation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张庚宇; 肖夏; 聂凯明; 徐江涛

    2015-01-01

    A low-power three-stage amplifier for driving large capacitive load is proposed. The feedback path formed by the active-feedback Miller capacitor leads to a high frequency complex-pole but a highQ-value, which significantly deteriorates the stability of the amplifier. The serial RC stage introduced as the second stage output load can optimize the resistorRz and the capacitorCz under fixed power and small compensation capacitorCa, which brings about a suitableQ-value of the complex-pole and the gain-bandwidth product extension of the ampli-fier. The amplifiers were designed and implemented in a standard 65 nm CMOS process with capacitive loads of 500 pF and 2 nF, respectively. The post-layout simulation results show that the amplifier driving the 500 pF capaci-tive load can achieve a gain of 113 dB, a phase margin of 50.6° and a gain-bandwidth product of 5.22 MHz while consuming 24 µW from a 1.2 V supply. For the 2 nF capacitive load, the amplifier has a gain of 102 dB, a phase margin of 52.8°, a gain-bandwidth product of 4.41 MHz and a power of 43 µW. The total compensation capacitors are equal to 1.13 pF and 1.03 pF. The better figures-of-merits are 108 750 and 205 113(MHz×pF/mW). The lay-out areas are 0.064 mm×0.026 mm and 0.063 mm×0.027 mm. Compared with the CFCC scheme, the gain-bandwidth product is extended by 1.6 times atCL=500 pF andCa=1.1 pF.

  12. ' q-Titration' of long-chain and short-chain lipids differentiates between structured and mobile residues of membrane proteins studied in bicelles by solution NMR spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Son, Woo Sung; Park, Sang Ho; Nothnagel, Henry J.; Lu, George J.; Wang, Yan; Zhang, Hua; Cook, Gabriel A.; Howell, Stanley C.; Opella, Stanley J.

    2012-01-01

    ' q-Titration' refers to the systematic comparison of signal intensities in solution NMR spectra of uniformly 15N labeled membrane proteins solubilized in micelles and isotropic bicelles as a function of the molar ratios ( q) of the long-chain lipids (typically DMPC) to short-chain lipids (typically DHPC). In general, as q increases, the protein resonances broaden and correspondingly have reduced intensities due to the overall slowing of protein reorientation. Since the protein backbone signals do not broaden uniformly, the differences in line widths (and intensities) enable the narrower (more intense) signals associated with mobile residues to be differentiated from the broader (less intense) signals associated with "structured" residues. For membrane proteins with between one and seven trans-membrane helices in isotropic bicelles, we have been able to find a value of q between 0.1 and 1.0 where only signals from mobile residues are observed in the spectra. The signals from the structured residues are broadened so much that they cannot be observed under standard solution NMR conditions. This q value corresponds to the ratio of DMPC:DHPC where the signals from the structured residues are "titrated out" of the spectrum. This q value is unique for each protein. In magnetically aligned bilayers ( q > 2.5) no signals are observed in solution NMR spectra of membrane proteins because the polypeptides are "immobilized" by their interactions with the phospholipid bilayers on the relevant NMR timescale (˜10 5 Hz). No signals are observed from proteins in liposomes (only long-chain lipids) either. We show that it is feasible to obtain complementary solution NMR and solid-state NMR spectra of the same membrane protein, where signals from the mobile residues are present in the solution NMR spectra, and signals from the structured residues are present in the solid-state NMR spectra. With assigned backbone amide resonances, these data are sufficient to describe major features

  13. A comparative review of estimates of the proportion unchanged genes and the false discovery rate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Broberg Per

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In the analysis of microarray data one generally produces a vector of p-values that for each gene give the likelihood of obtaining equally strong evidence of change by pure chance. The distribution of these p-values is a mixture of two components corresponding to the changed genes and the unchanged ones. The focus of this article is how to estimate the proportion unchanged and the false discovery rate (FDR and how to make inferences based on these concepts. Six published methods for estimating the proportion unchanged genes are reviewed, two alternatives are presented, and all are tested on both simulated and real data. All estimates but one make do without any parametric assumptions concerning the distributions of the p-values. Furthermore, the estimation and use of the FDR and the closely related q-value is illustrated with examples. Five published estimates of the FDR and one new are presented and tested. Implementations in R code are available. Results A simulation model based on the distribution of real microarray data plus two real data sets were used to assess the methods. The proposed alternative methods for estimating the proportion unchanged fared very well, and gave evidence of low bias and very low variance. Different methods perform well depending upon whether there are few or many regulated genes. Furthermore, the methods for estimating FDR showed a varying performance, and were sometimes misleading. The new method had a very low error. Conclusion The concept of the q-value or false discovery rate is useful in practical research, despite some theoretical and practical shortcomings. However, it seems possible to challenge the performance of the published methods, and there is likely scope for further developing the estimates of the FDR. The new methods provide the scientist with more options to choose a suitable method for any particular experiment. The article advocates the use of the conjoint information

  14. Combined Application of Gadoxetic Acid Disodium-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI and Diffusion-Weighted Imaging (DWI in the Diagnosis of Chronic Liver Disease-Induced Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Meta-Analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiang Li

    Full Text Available Gadoxetic acid disodium (Gd-EOB-DTPA is a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI contrast agent to target the liver cells with normal function. In clinical practice, the Gd-EOB-DTPA produces high quality hepatocyte specific image 20 minutes after intravenous injection, so DWI sequence is often performed after the conventional dynamic scanning. However, there are still some disputes about whether DWI sequence will provide more effective diagnostic information in clinical practice. This study aimed to explore the diagnostic value of combining Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI and DWI in the detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC in patients with chronic liver disease.A systematic literature search was performed in the PubMed and Cochrane library database up to March 2015. The quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies (QUADAS was used to evaluate the quality of studies. Heterogeneous test on the included literature was performed by using the software Review Manager 5.3. The MetaDiSc 1.4 software was used to calculate the pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio and negative likelihood ratio; meanwhile the summary receiver operating characteristics (SROC curve was drawn to compare the diagnostic performance.A total of 13 literatures were included in this study. In 8 literatures regarding HCC diagnosis based on Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI, the pooled sensitivity: 0.90 (95% confidence interval (CI: 0.88-0.93; specificity: 0.89 (95% CI: 0.85-0.92; positive likelihood ratio: 8.60 (95% CI: 6.20-11.92; negative likelihood ratio: 0.10 (95% CI: 0.08-0.14 were obtained. The area under curve (AUC and Q values were 0.96 and 0.90, respectively. In 5 literatures relating to HCC diagnosis by combination of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI and DWI sequence, the pooled sensitivity: 0.88 (95% CI: 0.85-0.91, specificity: 0.96 (0.94-0.97, positive likelihood ratio: 19.63 (12.77-30.16, negative likelihood ratio: 0.10 (0.07-0.14 were obtained. The AUC value was 0

  15. Sex Steroid Hormone Gene Variants, Pesticide Use and the Risk of Prostate Cancer: A Nested Case-Control Study within the Agricultural Health Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carol H Christensen

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Experimental and epidemiologic investigations suggest that certain pesticides may alter sex steroid hormone synthesis, metabolism or regulation and the risk of hormone-related cancers. Here we evaluated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs involved in hormone homeostasis alter the effect of pesticide exposure on prostate cancer risk. We evaluated pesticide–SNP interactions between 39 pesticides and SNPs with respect to prostate cancer among 776 cases and 1444 controls nested in the Agricultural Health Study cohort. In these interactions, we included candidate SNPs involved in hormone synthesis, metabolism and regulation (N=1100, as well as SNPs associated with circulating sex steroid concentrations as identified by genome-wide association studies (N=17. Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs and 95% confidence intervals (CIs. Multiplicative SNP–pesticide interactions were calculated using a likelihood ratio test. We translated p-values for interaction into q-values, which reflected the false discovery rate, to account for multiple comparisons. We observed a significant interaction, which was robust to multiple comparison testing, between the herbicide dicamba and rs8192166 in the testosterone metabolizing gene SRD5A1 (p-interaction=4.0x10-5; q-value=0.03, such that men with two copies of the wild-type genotype CC had a reduced risk of prostate cancer associated with low use of dicamba (OR=0.62 95% CI: 0.41, 0.93, and high use of dicamba (OR=0.44, 95% CI: 0.29, 0.68, compared to those who reported no use of dicamba; in contrast, there was no significant association between dicamba and prostate cancer among those carrying one or two copies of the variant T allele at rs8192166. In addition, interactions between two organophosphate insecticides and SNPs related to estradiol metabolism were observed to result in an increased risk of prostate cancer. While replication is needed, these data suggest both

  16. Rockmagnetism in relation to magnetic mineralogy of anorthosites in the southern granulite region of the Indian shield

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soumya, G. S.; Asanulla, R. Mohamed; Radhakrishna, T.

    2017-06-01

    Anorthosite occurrences in the south Indian shield are well known. Recent studies obtained Neoproterozoic age for many of them, yet their petrological and mineralogical data are very limited. This paper presents first comprehensive report of the physical attributes of petrography and rockmagnetism of two prominent anorthosite occurrences, one from the Oddanchatram and the other from the Kadavur in the southern granulite terrain of India. Petrography highlights the occurrence of exsolution lamellae of magnetite in plagioclase with clouding appearance in the Oddanchatram anorthosite (ODAN). The Kadavur anorthosite (KDAN) contains magnetite in the form of discrete grains. The distinctions are sharply reflected in the rockmagnetic attributes also. The Oddanchatram occurrence is characterized by high Koenigsberger ratios (Q value mostly >10), median destructive field (MDF > 50 mT) and coercivity of remanence (Hcr; 45-86 mT), dominance of remanence magnetism over induced magnetism, harder natural remanence over saturation isothermal remanence, Curie temperatures of 570-580 °C and high ratio of saturation remanence magnetization to saturation magnetization (Mrs/Ms: 0.08-0.35) with low ratio of Hcr to coercive force (Hcr/Hc:1.78-2.27) as determined from hysteresis loops indicating single (SD)/pseudo-single-domain (PSD) magnetite as the chief magnetic carrier. In contrast, the Kadavur occurrence is characterized by lower Q value (mostly MDF (<10 mT) and Hcr (23-65 mT), dominance of induced magnetism over remanence, harder saturation isothermal remanence over natural remanence, Curie temperatures of 580-600 °C and low Mrs/Ms (0.02-0.04) with high Hcr/Hc (2.61-3.76) indicating presence of a dominant multidomain magnetite along with small quantities of canted antiferromagnetic mineral (haemo-ilmenites). These differences in physical attributes are explained in terms of crustal depths of their emplacement. The ODAN possessing SD/PSD exsolved magnetite lamellae in plagioclase

  17. Comparison of Scheimpflug imaging parameters between steep and keratoconic corneas of Caucasian eyes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huseynova T

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Tukezban Huseynova,1 Farah Abdulaliyeva,2 Michele Lanza3 1Briz-L Eye Clinic, 2National Ophthalmology Center, Baku, Azerbaijan; 3Second University of Naples, Caserta, Campania, Italy Purpose: To compare the keratometric and pachymetric parameters of healthy eyes with those affected by steep cornea and keratoconus (KC using Scheimpflug camera.Setting: Briz-L Eye Clinic, Baku, Azerbaijan.Design: A cross-sectional study.Methods: In this study, 49 KC (Amsler–Krumeich stage 1 eyes and 36 healthy eyes were enrolled. A complete ophthalmic evaluation and a Scheimpflug camera scan were performed in every eye included in the study. Tomographic parameters such as parameters from the front and back cornea, maximum keratometry reading (Kmax, corneal volume (CV, anterior chamber volume (ChV, anterior chamber depth (ACD, anterior chamber angle (AC angle, keratometric power deviation (KPD, maximum front elevation (Max FE, and maximum back elevation (Max BE, as well as pachymetric progression indices (PPI, Ambrosio relational thickness (ART, index of surface variance (ISV, index of vertical asymmetry (IVA, center keratoconus index (CKI, index of height asymmetry (IHA, index of height decentration (IHD, and radius minimum (RM were collected and statistically compared between the two groups.Results: PPI, ART, ISV, IVA, CKI, IHA, IHD, and RM parameter values were significantly different (P<0.05 between the KC and healthy eyes. There were no significant differences in K mean and Q values of the frontal corneal parameters, as well as in Kmax, AC angle, RM, back, and front astigmatism, between stage 1 keratoconic and normal Caucasian eyes with steep cornea. All other parameters such as K mean and Q values of the back corneal parameters, Max FE, Max BE, ACD, ChV, and CV showed significant differences between the groups (P<0.05 for all. Conclusion: Scheimpflug imaging is able to detect corneal morphological differences between stage 1 KC eyes and healthy eyes with

  18. Applied research on a high-Q resonant wireless power transmission technology%一种高Q值的谐振式无线能量传输技术的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤伟; 杨瑞霞; 郭志涛; 顾军华

    2012-01-01

    针对经皮无线供电系统中松耦合的电磁感应供电方式存在的能量传输距离近,传输效率低的问题,分析了一种基于高Q值的谐振式能量传输方式.首先分析了谐振式能量传输的理论模型以及Q值在能量传输效率中的作用;其次对基本经皮感应电路进行改进,通过在驱动和负载之间增加一对谐振线圈,减小信号源内阻以及负载对Q值的影响;最后搭建实验测试装置进行对比实验,采用增加谐振线圈的方式提高了系统Q值,相同传输距离时能量传输效率提高了4倍,传输距离也有了明显改善,证明了该方法的有效性.%An improved resonant energy transfer method based on high Q value was proposed to solve the problem of short wireless power transmission distance and low efficiency in the loose coupling of electromagnetic induction mode of percutaneous wireless power supply system. First, the theoretical model of the resonant energy transfer and the role of Q in energy transfer efficiency were analyzed. Second, in order to reduce the influence of source resistance and load, the basic circuit of percutaneous induction was improved by adding a pair of resonance coil between load coil and power coil. Finally, an experimental test device was set up to build comparative experiment, in which system Q value is increased by adding the resonant coil, and energy transfer efficiency was improved by four times and the transmission distance has also been significantly improved. Therefore, it proves the effectiveness of the method.

  19. Application of Powder Diffraction Methods to the Analysis of the Atomic Structure of Nanocrystals: The Concept of the Apparent Lattice Parameter (ALP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palosz, B.; Grzanka, E.; Gierlotka, S.; Stelmakh, S.; Pielaszek, R.; Bismayer, U.; Weber, H.-P.; Palosz, W.; Curreri, Peter A. (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    model of a nanocrystal with spherical shape and centro-symmetric strain at the surface shell we obtain theoretical alp-Q values which match very well the alp-Q plots determined experimentally for Sic, GaN, and diamond nanopowders. The theoretical models are defined by the lattice parameter of the grain core, thickness of the surface shell, and the magnitude and distribution of the strain field in the surface shell. According to our calculations, the part of the diffraction pattern measured at relatively low diffraction vectors Q (below 10/angstrom) provides information on the surface strain, whle determination of the lattice parameters in the grain core requires measurements at large Q-values (above 15 - 20/angstrom).

  20. Pressure-dependent morphology of trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium ionic liquids: A molecular dynamics study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Shobha; Gupta, Aditya; Dhabal, Debdas; Kashyap, Hemant K.

    2016-10-01

    , the charge ordering peak, which is not so obvious from the total S(q) but from ionic and sub-ionic partial components of it, shifts towards lower q values for P666,14+/Br-. Instead, for the P666,14+/DCA-, at the highest pressure studied the CO peak occurs at a q-value higher than that at the ambient pressure.

  1. Applications of high dielectric materials in high field magnetic resonance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haines, Kristina Noel

    At high magnetic fields, radiation losses, wavelength effects, self-resonance, and the high resistance of components all contribute to losses in conventional RF MRI coil designs. The hypothesis tested here is that these problems can be combated by the use of high permittivity ceramic materials at high fields. High permittivity ceramic dielectric resonators create strong uniform magnetic fields in compact structures at high frequencies and can potentially solve some of the challenges of high field coil design. In this study NMR probes were constructed for operation at 600 MHz (14.1 Tesla) and 900 MHz (21.1 Tesla) using inductively fed CaTiO3 (relative permittivity of 156-166) cylindrical hollow bore dielectric resonators. The designs showed the electric field is largely confined to the dielectric itself, with near zero values in the hollow bore, which accommodates the sample. The 600 MHz probe has an unmatched Q value greater than 2000. Experimental and simulation mapping of the RF field show good agreement, with the ceramic resonator giving a pulse width approximately 25% less than a loop gap resonator of similar inner dimensions. High resolution images, with voxel dimensions less than 50 microm3, have been acquired from fixed zebrafish samples, showing excellent delineation of several fine structures. The 900 MHz probe has an unmatched Q value of 940 and shows Q performance five times better than Alderman-Grant and loop-gap resonators of similar dimensions. High resolution images were acquired of an excised mouse spinal cord (25 microm 3) and an excised rat soleus muscle (20 microm3). The spatial distribution of electromagnetic fields within the human body can be tailored using external dielectric materials. Here, a new material is introduced with high dielectric constant and low background MRI signal. The material is based upon metal titanates, which can be made into geometrically formable suspensions in de-ionized water. The suspension's material properties are

  2. Digital Channel Simulator Developed and Tested

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bizon, Thomas P.

    2000-01-01

    The Digital Channel Simulator (DCS) is a real-time test set developed in-house by the NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field that simulates the characteristics of the modulator, demodulator, and transmission medium in a typical communications system to enable controlled laboratory testing of codec pairs. The DCS can support data rates up to 100 megasymbols per second (Msymbols/sec) with symbol sizes up to 10 bits and is compatible with both TTL (transistor transistor logic) and ECL (emitter coupled logic) interfaces. Because of its use of digital integrated circuits (IC's), the DCS offers the user accurate and repeatable testing while maintaining a simple reconfiguration of the modulation scheme and noise characteristics. The PC-based graphical user interface (GUI) assures user friendly operation for configuring, controlling, and monitoring the DCS and system during tests. In a typical communications system, the modulator places a symbol in constellation space and puts it on a carrier to be sent to the demodulator. Because of noise on the channel, the I and Q position in constellation space cannot be recovered exactly, and the received coordinates shift. To mimic this process in the laboratory, the DCS uses a mapper to place the symbol in constellation space. It simulates the shift in coordinates by digitally adding "noise" to the I and Q values. The mapper and noise source are implemented in lookup tables. Modulation schemes and noise characteristics are set by the values loaded in these tables. The mapper also has a pass-through mode to facilitate modulator testing, allowing noise to be added to 8-bit I and Q values of modulated data without a second mapping. To achieve high symbol rates, eight processing circuits are placed in parallel between an ECL demultiplexer and multiplexer. A graphical user interface was developed to calculate, load, and verify the values for the lookup tables. This interface can also be used to debug and verify proper operation of the

  3. A universal gyroscope driving circuit with 70dB amplitude control range

    KAUST Repository

    Abdelghany, Mohamed A.

    2010-08-01

    A CMOS variable gain driving circuit with output signal amplitude control for gyroscopes with wide range of quality factors is presented. The driving circuit can be used for gyroscopes with Q values higher than 500. The circuit uses a current-commutating switching mixer to control the gyroscope driving signal level. Conventional driving circuits use automatic gain control (AGC) which suffers from limited linear range and the need for an off-chip capacitor for the peak detector and loop filter. Two stage variable gain amplifier is used in the proposed design to ensure enough gain for oscillation for such a wide range of quality factors. Analog and digital amplitude control methods are used to cover wide range of driving signal amplitude with enough accuracy to hit the maximum driving signal level without sacrificing gyroscope linearity. Due to the high DC gain of the amplifier chain, DC offset resulting from mismatches might saturate the amplifier output. DC offset correction is employed using a secondary negative feedback loop. The proposed driving circuit is being fabricated in 0.6μm CMOS technology. © 2010 IEEE.

  4. Optical Channel Capacity Upgrade Based on Multiwavelength Conversion XGM Using Semiconductor Optical Amplifier for Access Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Syuhaimi Ab-rahman

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper demonstrates a 10 Gb/s one-to-two-wavelength conversion configuration based on cross-gain modulation for optical access networks using a single TW-SOA. The method is capable of converting a signal data of specific wavelength 1541 nm to certain wavelengths of CW’s laser 1554 nm and 1558 nm with 4 nm spacing. The pump power level was classified due to channel response. A result obtained was the best power level offering wavelength converter between −6 and 3 dBm. The conversion efficiency achievement provided an acceptable result for probe signals. The findings of Q-factor performance were investigated. The Q values were found to be more than 9 for point to point transmission and 20 km fiber configurations for the original and converted signal. The technique implemented at 20 km and the power of all channels were adequate to provide a splitting ratio of 1/64 for the launched pump power 3 dBm.

  5. A Digital Lock-In Amplifier for Use at Temperatures of up to 200 °C.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Jingjing; Xu, Yingjun; Wu, Lei; Wang, Guangwei

    2016-11-11

    Weak voltage signals cannot be reliably measured using currently available logging tools when these tools are subject to high-temperature (up to 200 °C) environments for prolonged periods. In this paper, we present a digital lock-in amplifier (DLIA) capable of operating at temperatures of up to 200 °C. The DLIA contains a low-noise instrument amplifier and signal acquisition and the corresponding signal processing electronics. The high-temperature stability of the DLIA is achieved by designing system-in-package (SiP) and multi-chip module (MCM) components with low thermal resistances. An effective look-up-table (LUT) method was developed for the lock-in amplifier algorithm, to decrease the complexity of the calculations and generate less heat than the traditional way. The performance of the design was tested by determining the linearity, gain, Q value, and frequency characteristic of the DLIA between 25 and 200 °C. The maximal nonlinear error in the linearity of the DLIA working at 200 °C was about 1.736% when the equivalent input was a sine wave signal with an amplitude of between 94.8 and 1896.0 nV and a frequency of 800 kHz. The tests showed that the DLIA proposed could work effectively in high-temperature environments up to 200 °C.

  6. A Digital Lock-In Amplifier for Use at Temperatures of up to 200 °C

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingjing Cheng

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Weak voltage signals cannot be reliably measured using currently available logging tools when these tools are subject to high-temperature (up to 200 °C environments for prolonged periods. In this paper, we present a digital lock-in amplifier (DLIA capable of operating at temperatures of up to 200 °C. The DLIA contains a low-noise instrument amplifier and signal acquisition and the corresponding signal processing electronics. The high-temperature stability of the DLIA is achieved by designing system-in-package (SiP and multi-chip module (MCM components with low thermal resistances. An effective look-up-table (LUT method was developed for the lock-in amplifier algorithm, to decrease the complexity of the calculations and generate less heat than the traditional way. The performance of the design was tested by determining the linearity, gain, Q value, and frequency characteristic of the DLIA between 25 and 200 °C. The maximal nonlinear error in the linearity of the DLIA working at 200 °C was about 1.736% when the equivalent input was a sine wave signal with an amplitude of between 94.8 and 1896.0 nV and a frequency of 800 kHz. The tests showed that the DLIA proposed could work effectively in high-temperature environments up to 200 °C.

  7. Global transcriptome analysis of peripheral blood identifies the most significantly down-regulated genes associated with metabolism regulation in Klinefelter syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Jin; Zhang, Liang; Deng, Hua; Chang, Liang; Liu, Qinli; Liu, Ping

    2015-01-01

    The molecular pathogenesis of Klinefelter Syndrome (KS) is not fully understood. The aim of this study was to determine differences in gene expression patterns between KS patients and control individuals to help identify disease-related genes and biological pathways. Gene expression profiles of five KS patients and five healthy men were determined by microarray; 21 differentially expressed genes with a fold-change >1.5 and q-value <0.05 were identified between the groups. Genes associated with metabolism regulation and encoding liver fatty acid-binding protein (FABP1), aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 family member L1 (ALDH1L1), and vitronectin (VTN) were the most-significantly down-regulated in KS, as confirmed by quantitative reverse transcription PCR. Notably, none of these differentially expressed genes are normally found on the X chromosome. Thus, our results indicate that aberrant metabolism is involved in the pathogenesis of KS. Further elucidation of the how aberrant expression of metabolism-related genes affect the pathogenesis of KS may lead to the development of novel preventative and therapeutic strategies.

  8. Random neural Q-learning for obstacle avoidance of a mobile robot in unknown environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Yang

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The article presents a random neural Q-learning strategy for the obstacle avoidance problem of an autonomous mobile robot in unknown environments. In the proposed strategy, two independent modules, namely, avoidance without considering the target and goal-seeking without considering obstacles, are first trained using the proposed random neural Q-learning algorithm to obtain their best control policies. Then, the two trained modules are combined based on a switching function to realize the obstacle avoidance in unknown environments. For the proposed random neural Q-learning algorithm, a single-hidden layer feedforward network is used to approximate the Q-function to estimate the Q-value. The parameters of the single-hidden layer feedforward network are modified using the recently proposed neural algorithm named the online sequential version of extreme learning machine, where the parameters of the hidden nodes are assigned randomly and the sample data can come one by one. However, different from the original online sequential version of extreme learning machine algorithm, the initial output weights are estimated subjected to quadratic inequality constraint to improve the convergence speed. Finally, the simulation results demonstrate that the proposed random neural Q-learning strategy can successfully solve the obstacle avoidance problem. Also, the higher learning efficiency and better generalization ability are achieved by the proposed random neural Q-learning algorithm compared with the Q-learning based on the back-propagation method.

  9. Ternary fission of 260No in equatorial configuration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ismail, M.; Seif, W. M.; Hashem, A. S.

    2016-10-01

    Spontaneous ternary fission is one of the observed decay modes of heavy nuclei. We systematically investigate the equatorial ternary fission of the 260No isotope. In the framework of the three-cluster model, the three-body interaction potential is calculated in terms of the folded M3Y-Reid nucleon-nucleon force and the Coulomb one. The relative orientations of the deformed heavy nuclei participating in the fragmentation process are taken into account. All possible emitted light particles with even mass numbers A = 4-52 are considered. The favored fragmentation channels are estimated as the ones characterized with peaks in the Q-value and local minima in the fragmentation potential. In the absence of nuclear deformations, the closed shell effects are found to play the key role in determining the channels of minimum fragmentation potential and the involved two heavier fragments tend to be of comparable sizes. Inclusion of nuclear deformations manifest the participation of highly deformed prolate nuclei, with large mass asymmetry, as heavy fragment partners in the estimated favored fragmentation channels. The results indicate that the equatorial ternary fission of 260No is most favored with the light emitted nuclei 4,6,8 2He and 10 4Be through the fragmentation channels 155 60Nd + 4 2He + 101 0Zr, 153 60Nd + 6 2He + 101 40Zr, 152 60Nd + 8 2He + 100 40Zr, and 152 0Nd + 10 4Be + 98 38Sr, respectively.

  10. Ternary fission of 260No in collinear configuration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ismail, M.; Seif, W. M.; Hashem, A. S.; Botros, M. M.; Abdul-Magead, I. A. M.

    2016-09-01

    We investigate the collinear ternary fission of the 260No isotope. The calculations are performed in the framework of the three cluster model for all possible accompanied light particles of even mass numbers A = 4 - 52. The folding nuclear and Coulomb interaction potentials are used, based on the M3Y-Reid nucleon-nucleon force for the nuclear part. The deformation of the involved fragments and their relative orientations with respect to each other inside the fissioning nuclei are considered. Among all possible fragmentation channels, the suggested most probable channels are indicated as the ones showing a peak in the Q-value and a local minimum in the fragmentation potential, with respect to the mass and charge asymmetries. The indicated favored fragmentation channels from the approximate spherical calculations and those obtained after considering the deformations of the produced fragments are discussed in detail. In addition to the preferred heavy fragments of closed shells, favored prolate ones of high deformations appear when the nuclear deformations are taken into account. Among indicated fifty six favored channels, a collinear ternary fission of the 260No isotope is indicated to be most favored through the fragmentation channels of 15058Ce+410Be+40100Zr,60152Nd+412Be+3896Sr,58150Ce+614C+3896Sr,58148Ce+616C+3896Sr,54140Xe+822O+4098Zr,42106Mo+1848Ar+42106Mo and 41104Nb+2052Ca+41104Nb.

  11. Hybrid Physical Chemical Vapor Deposition of Superconducting Magnesium Diboride Coatings for Large Scale Radio Frequency Cavities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Namhoon; Withanage, Wenura; Tan, Teng; Wolak, Matthaeus; Xi, Xiaoxing

    2016-03-01

    Magnesium diboride (MgB2) is considered to be a great candidate for next generation superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities due to its higher critical temperature Tc (40 K) and increased thermodynamic critical field Hc compared to other conventional superconductors. These properties significantly reduce the BCS surface resistance (RsBCS)and residual resistance (Rres) according to theoretical studies and suggest the possibility of an enhanced accelerating field (Eacc) . We have investigated the possibility of coating the inner surface of a 3 GHz SRF cavity with MgB2 by using a hybrid physical-vapor deposition (HPCVD) system which was modified for this purpose. To simulate a real 3 GHz SRF cavity, a stainless steel mock cavity has been employed for the study. The film quality was characterized on small substrates that were placed at selected locations within the cavity. MgB2 films on stainless steel foils, niobium pieces and SiC substrates showed transition temperatures of above 36 K. Dielectric resonance measurements resulted in promising Q values as obtained for the MgB2 films grown on the various substrates. By employing the HPCVD technique, a uniform film was achieved across the cavity interior, demonstrating the feasibility of HPCVD for MgB2 coatings for SRF cavities.

  12. Multiharmonic rf feedforward system for compensation of beam loading and periodic transient effects in magnetic-alloy cavities of a proton synchrotron

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamura, Fumihiko; Ohmori, Chihiro; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yoshii, Masahito; Schnase, Alexander; Nomura, Masahiro; Toda, Makoto; Shimada, Taihei; Hasegawa, Katsushi; Hara, Keigo

    2013-05-01

    Beam loading compensation is a key for acceleration of a high intensity proton beam in the main ring (MR) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). Magnetic alloy loaded rf cavities with a Q value of 22 are used to achieve high accelerating voltages without a tuning bias loop. The cavity is driven by a single harmonic (h=9) rf signal while the cavity frequency response also covers the neighbor harmonics (h=8,10). Therefore the wake voltage induced by the high intensity beam consists of the three harmonics, h=8,9,10. The beam loading of neighbor harmonics is the source of periodic transient effects and a possible source of coupled bunch instabilities. In the article, we analyze the wake voltage induced by the high intensity beam. We employ the rf feedforward method to compensate the beam loading of these three harmonics (h=8,9,10). The full-digital multiharmonic feedforward system was developed for the MR. We describe the system architecture and the commissioning methodology of the feedforward patterns. The commissioning of the feedforward system has been performed by using high intensity beams with 1.0×1014 proteins per pulse. The impedance seen by the beam is successfully reduced and the longitudinal oscillations due to the beam loading are reduced. By the beam loading compensation, stable high power beam operation is achieved. We also report the reduction of the momentum loss during the debunching process for the slow extraction by the feedforward.

  13. DNA methylation of loci within ABCG1 and PHOSPHO1 in blood DNA is associated with future type 2 diabetes risk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dayeh, Tasnim; Tuomi, Tiinamaija; Almgren, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Identification of subjects with a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) is fundamental for prevention of the disease. Consequently, it is essential to search for new biomarkers that can improve the prediction of T2D. The aim of this study was to examine whether 5 DNA methylation loci...... muscle from diabetic vs. non-diabetic subjects. DNA methylation at the ABCG1 locus cg06500161 in blood DNA was associated with an increased risk for future T2D (OR = 1.09, 95% CI = 1.02-1.16, P-value = 0.007, Q-value = 0.018), while DNA methylation at the PHOSPHO1 locus cg02650017 in blood DNA......, fasting insulin, and triglyceride levels, and was increased in adipose tissue and blood from the diabetic twin among monozygotic twin pairs discordant for T2D. DNA methylation at the PHOSPHO1 locus cg02650017 in blood correlated positively with HDL levels, and was decreased in skeletal muscle from...

  14. Comparative analysis of false discovery rate methods in constructing metabolic association networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koo, Imhoi; Yao, Sen; Zhang, Xiang; Kim, Seongho

    2014-08-01

    Gaussian graphical model (GGM)-based method, a key approach to reverse engineering biological networks, uses partial correlation to measure conditional dependence between two variables by controlling the contribution from other variables. After estimating partial correlation coefficients, one of the most critical processes in network construction is to control the false discovery rate (FDR) to assess the significant associations among variables. Various FDR methods have been proposed mainly for biomarker discovery, but it still remains unclear which FDR method performs better for network construction. Furthermore, there is no study to see the effect of the network structure on network construction. We selected the six FDR methods, the linear step-up procedure (BH95), the adaptive linear step-up procedure (BH00), Efron's local FDR (LFDR), Benjamini-Yekutieli's step-up procedure (BY01), Storey's q-value procedure (Storey01), and Storey-Taylor-Siegmund's adaptive step-up procedure (STS04), to evaluate their performances on network construction. We further considered two network structures, random and scale-free networks, to investigate their influence on network construction. Both simulated data and real experimental data suggest that STS04 provides the highest true positive rate (TPR) or F1 score, while BY01 has the highest positive predictive value (PPV) in network construction. In addition, no significant effect of the network structure is found on FDR methods.

  15. Phase Matching of Diverse Modes in a WGM Resonator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savchenkov, Anatoliy; Strekalov, Dmitry; Yu, Nan; Matsko, Andrey; Mohageg, Makan; Maleki, Lute

    2008-01-01

    Phase matching of diverse electromagnetic modes (specifically, coexisting optical and microwave modes) in a whispering-gallery-mode (WGM) resonator has been predicted theoretically and verified experimentally. Such phase matching is necessary for storage of microwave/terahertz and optical electromagnetic energy in the same resonator, as needed for exploitation of nonlinear optical phenomena. WGM resonators are used in research on nonlinear optical phenomena at low optical intensities and as a basis for design and fabrication of novel optical devices. Examples of nonlinear optical phenomena recently demonstrated in WGM resonators include low-threshold Raman lasing, optomechanical oscillations, frequency doubling, and hyperparametric oscillations. The present findings regarding phase matching were made in research on low-threshold, strongly nondegenerate parametric oscillations in lithium niobate WGM resonators. The principle of operation of such an oscillator is rooted in two previously observed phenomena: (1) stimulated Raman scattering by polaritons in lithium niobate and (2) phase matching of nonlinear optical processes via geometrical confinement of light. The oscillator is partly similar to terahertz oscillators based on lithium niobate crystals, the key difference being that a novel geometrical configuration of this oscillator supports oscillation in the regime. The high resonance quality factors (Q values) typical of WGM resonators make it possible to achieve oscillation at a threshold signal level much lower than that in a non-WGM-resonator lithium niobate crystal.

  16. [Meta analysis of the use of Bayesian networks in breast cancer diagnosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simões, Priscyla Waleska; Silva, Geraldo Doneda da; Moretti, Gustavo Pasquali; Simon, Carla Sasso; Winnikow, Erik Paul; Nassar, Silvia Modesto; Medeiros, Lidia Rosi; Rosa, Maria Inês

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of Bayesian networks in supporting breast cancer diagnoses. Systematic review and meta-analysis were carried out, including articles and papers published between January 1990 and March 2013. We included prospective and retrospective cross-sectional studies of the accuracy of diagnoses of breast lesions (target conditions) made using Bayesian networks (index test). Four primary studies that included 1,223 breast lesions were analyzed, 89.52% (444/496) of the breast cancer cases and 6.33% (46/727) of the benign lesions were positive based on the Bayesian network analysis. The area under the curve (AUC) for the summary receiver operating characteristic curve (SROC) was 0.97, with a Q* value of 0.92. Using Bayesian networks to diagnose malignant lesions increased the pretest probability of a true positive from 40.03% to 90.05% and decreased the probability of a false negative to 6.44%. Therefore, our results demonstrated that Bayesian networks provide an accurate and non-invasive method to support breast cancer diagnosis.

  17. Simulations of the stopping efficiencies of fission ion guides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solders, Andreas; Al-Adili, Ali; Gorelov, Dmitry; Jansson, Kaj; Jokinen, Ari; Kolhinen, Veli; Lantz, Mattias; Mattera, Andrea; Moore, Ian; Nilsson, Niklas; Norlin, Martin; Penttilä, Heikki; Pomp, Stephan; Prokofiev, Alexander V.; Rakopoulos, Vasileios; Rinta-Antila, Sami; Simutkin, Vasily

    2017-09-01

    With the Ion Guide Isotope Separator On-Line (IGISOL) facility, located at the University of Jyväskylä, products of nuclear reactions are separated by mass. The high resolving power of the JYFLTRAP Penning trap, with full separation of individual nuclides, capacitates the study of nuclides far from the line of stability. For the production of neutron-rich medium-heavy nuclides, fissioning of actinides is a feasible reaction. This can be achieved with protons from an in-house accelerator or, alternatively, with neutrons through the addition of a newly developed Be(p,xn)-converter. The hereby-obtained fission products are used in nuclear data measurements, for example fission yields, nuclear masses, Q-values and decay spectroscopy. Prior to separation, the ionized reaction products are stopped in a helium-filled gas cell, referred to as the ion-guide. In this work we present simulations of the stopping of fission products in an ion guide developed for neutron-induced fission. The production and extraction rates are evaluated and compared against experimental values.

  18. The role of vibrato in the perception of violin quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gough, Colin E.

    2003-10-01

    The role of vibrato in the characterization of violin tone will be considered from both a physical acoustics and perceptual viewpoint. Musical examples of individual waveforms from violins of widely different qualities will be used to demonstrate the importance of vibrato and other temporal fluctuations in the recognition of the violin as a specific musical instrument and, by inference, of its perceived tonal quality also. Dynamic physical models will be introduced to describe the waveforms of sounds produced by the bowed string when vibrato is used. The sound produced by an individual instrument will be shown to be critically dependent on both the positions and the Q values of the acoustically important resonances excited, in addition to random noise generated by the bowing action. It will be argued that the temporal fluctuations in the sound of a violin played with vibrato are just as important as the temporal fluctuations associated with the very strong frequency-dependence of the directivity of the violin. Weinreich has emphasized the importance of the latter effect in any realistic reproduction of the sound of a violin.

  19. "Eyeball" POP-Q examination: shortcut or valid assessment tool?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karp, Deborah R; Peterson, Thais V; Jean-Michel, Marjorie; Lefevre, Roger; Davila, G Willy; Aguilar, Vivian C

    2010-08-01

    The objective of this study was to compare the results of the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) examination by visual estimation to measurement. Women with pelvic organ prolapse underwent both "eyeball"/estimated and measured POP-Q examinations by two trained examiners in a randomized order. POP-Q points and stage were analyzed using the paired t test, chi-square, Pearson's correlation, and kappa statistics. Fifty subjects had a mean age of 60, mean BMI 27.8, and median parity of 2. The POP-Q stages by the measured technique were 18% (9/50) stage 1, 38% (19/50) stage 2, 44% (22/50) stage 3, and 0% (0/50) stage 4. The POP-Q stages based on estimation and measurement were highly associated (p 0.05). Among examiners who routinely perform POP-Q examinations, there is no significant difference between "eyeball"/estimated and measured POP-Q values and stage.

  20. The imprinted gene DIO3 is a candidate gene for litter size in pigs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albart Coster

    Full Text Available Genomic imprinting is an important epigenetic phenomenon, which on the phenotypic level can be detected by the difference between the two heterozygote classes of a gene. Imprinted genes are important in both the development of the placenta and the embryo, and we hypothesized that imprinted genes might be involved in female fertility traits. We therefore performed an association study for imprinted genes related to female fertility traits in two commercial pig populations. For this purpose, 309 SNPs in fifteen evolutionary conserved imprinted regions were genotyped on 689 and 1050 pigs from the two pig populations. A single SNP association study was used to detect additive, dominant and imprinting effects related to four reproduction traits; total number of piglets born, the number of piglets born alive, the total weight of the piglets born and the total weight of the piglets born alive. Several SNPs showed significant (q-value 0.10, but had a similar effect as in the first population. The results of this study indicate a possible association between the imprinted gene DIO3 and female fertility traits in pigs.

  1. Simultaneous estimation of etodolac and thiocolchicoside in bulk and in tablet formulation by UV-spectrophotometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pandey Ramchandra

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Two simple, rapid and reproducible simultaneous equation and Q-Analysis UV-Spectrophotometric methods have been developed for simultaneous estimation of Etodolac (ETO and Thiocolchicoside (THC in combined tablet dosage form. The methods involved solving simultaneous equations and Q-value Analysis based on measurement of absorbance at wavelengths, 223 (λmax of ETO, 259.4 nm (λmax of THC and 236 nm (Iso-absorptive point. Linearity was found in the concentration range of 1-6 μg/mL and 4 - 24 μg/mL for ETO & THC respectively with coefficient correlation 0.9998 & 0.9992. The amount of drugs estimated by proposed methods are in excellent agreement with label claimed. Further-more, the methods were applied for the determination of ETO and THC in spiked human urine. The degradation behavior of ETO and THC was investigated under acid hydrolysis, alkali hydrolysis, photo and oxidative degradation. The samples subsequently generated were used for degradation studies using the developed method. Thiocolchicoside was found to degrade extensively under alkali hydrolysis and unaffected by other stress conditions while ETO was found to be stable in all stress conditions. The methods were validated according to ICH guidelines. The method, suitable for routine quality control, has been successfully applied to the determination of both drugs in commercial brands of tablets.

  2. Small angle X-ray scattering study of poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) based cryogels near the volume-phase transition temperature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chalal, Mohand [Laboratoire d' Electronique Quantique, Faculte de Physique, USTHB Alger, 16111 Alger (Algeria); Ehrburger-Dolle, Francoise; Morfin, Isabelle [Laboratoire de Spectrometrie Physique, UMR 5588 CNRS/UJF, 38402 Saint Martin d' Heres (France); Armas, Maria-Rosa Aguilar de; Lopez, Maria-Luisa [Instituto de Ciencia y TecnologIa de PolImeros, CSIC and CIBER-BBN, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Bley, Francoise, E-mail: francoise.ehrburger-dolle@ujf-grenoble.f [Science et Ingenierie des Materiaux et Procedes, UMR 5266 CNRS/INPG/UJF, 38402 Saint Martin d' Heres (France)

    2010-10-01

    The structural modifications induced by changes in temperature are investigated by Small-Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) over a broad range of q-values (3.5x10{sup -2} - 12 nm{sup -1}) in cryogels based on N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPA) and/or 2-Hydroxyethyl methacrylate-L-Lactide-Dextran (HEMA-LLA-D) macromer. Various copolymeric cryogels of these two monomers are prepared by cryopolymerization yielding macroporous gels (cryogels). For the plain pNIPA cryogel, the SAXS curves obtained at each temperature are well fitted by a sum of four equations describing respectively the scattering resulting from the gel surface (power law), from the solid-like (Guinier equation) and liquid-like (Ornstein-Zernike equation) heterogeneities and from the chain-chain correlation yielding a broad peak (pseudo-Voigt equation) in the high-q domain. The temperature dependence of the parameters obtained from the fit is analyzed and discussed. It is shown that the existence of an isoscattering (or isosbestic) point observed in pNIPA gels and in some copolymers is related to features observed by Differential Scanning Calorimetry and swelling ratio measurements.

  3. Analysis of Mesoscopic Structured 2-Propanol/Water Mixtures Using Pressure Perturbation Calorimetry and Molecular Dynamic Simulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bye, Jordan W; Freeman, Colin L; Howard, John D; Herz, Gregor; McGregor, James; Falconer, Robert J

    2017-01-01

    In this paper we demonstrate the application of pressure perturbation calorimetry (PPC) to the characterization of 2-propanol/water mixtures. PPC of different 2-propanol/water mixtures provides two useful measurements: (i) the change in heat (ΔQ); and (ii) the [Formula: see text] value. The results demonstrate that the ΔQ values of the mixtures deviate from that expected for a random mixture, with a maximum at ~20-25 mol% 2-propanol. This coincides with the concentration at which molecular dynamics (MD) simulations show a maximum deviation from random distribution, and also the point at which alcohol-alcohol hydrogen bonds become dominant over alcohol-water hydrogen bonds. Furthermore, the [Formula: see text] value showed transitions at 2.5 mol% 2-propanol and at approximately 14 mol% 2-propanol. Below 2.5 mol% 2-propanol the values of [Formula: see text] are negative; this is indicative of the presence of isolated 2-propanol molecules surrounded by water molecules. Above 2.5 mol% 2-propanol [Formula: see text] rises, reaching a maximum at ~14 mol% corresponding to a point where mixed alcohol-water networks are thought to dominate. The values and trends identified by PPC show excellent agreement not only with those obtained from MD simulations but also with results in the literature derived using viscometry, THz spectroscopy, NMR and neutron diffraction.

  4. Beta decay of deformed r-process nuclei near A = 80 and A= 160, including odd-A and odd-odd nuclei, with the Skyrme finite-amplitude method

    CERN Document Server

    Shafer, T; Fröhlich, C; McLaughlin, G C; Mumpower, M; Surman, R

    2016-01-01

    After identifying the nuclei in the regions near A =80 and A = 160 for which beta-decay rates have the greatest effect on weak and main r-process abundance patterns, we apply the finite-amplitude method (FAM) with Skyrme energy-density functionals (EDFs) to calculate beta-decay half-lives of those nuclei in the quasiparticle random-phase approximation (QRPA). We use the equal filling approximation to extend our implementation of the charge-changing FAM, which incorporates pairing correlations and allows axially symmetric deformation, to odd-A and odd-odd nuclei. Within this framework we find differences of up to a factor of seven between our calculated beta-decay half-lives and those of previous efforts. Repeated calculations with nuclei near A = 160 and multiple EDFs show a spread of two to four in beta-decay half-lives, with differences in calculated Q values playing an important role. We investigate the implications of these results for r-process simulations.

  5. High confinement and high density with stationary plasma energy and strong edge radiation cooling in the upgraded Torus Experiment for Technology Oriented Research (TEXTOR-94)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Messiaen, A.M.; Ongena, J.; Unterberg, B.; Boedo, J.; Fuchs, G.; Jaspers, R.; Konen, L.; Koslowski, H.R.; Mank, G.; Rapp, J.; Samm, U.; Vandenplas, P.E.; Van Oost, G.; Van Wassenhove, G.; Waidmann, G.; Weynants, R.R.; Wolf, G.H.; Bertschinger, G.; Bonheure, G.; Brix, M.; Dumortier, P.; Durodie, F.; Finken, K.H.; Giesen, B.; Hillis, D.; Hutteman, P.; Koch, R.; Kramer-Flecken, A.; Lyssoivan, A.; Mertens, P.; Pospieszczyk, A.; Post-Zwicker, A.; Sauer, M.; Schweer, B.; Schwelberger, J.; Telesca, G.; Tokar, M.Z.; Uhlemann, R.; Vervier, M.; Winter, J. [Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas, Laboratorium voor Plasmafysica, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Ecole Royale Militaire-B-1000 Brussels, Koninklijke Militaire School (Belgium)]|[Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH Association Euratom-KFA, D-52425 Juelich (Germany)]|[Fusion Energy Research Program, Mechanical Engineering Division, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States)]|[FOM Instituut voor Plasmafysica Rijnhuizen Associatie FOM-EURATOM, Nieuwegein (The Netherlands)]|[Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)

    1997-05-01

    An overview of the results obtained so far for the radiative I-mode regime on the upgraded Torus Experiment for Technology Oriented Research (TEXTOR-94) [{ital Proceedings of the 16th IEEE Symposium on Fusion Engineering} (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, NJ, 1995), Vol. 1, p. 470] is given. This regime is obtained under quasistationary conditions with edge neon seeding in a pumped limiter tokamak with circular cross section. It combines high confinement and high {beta} (up to a normalized beta, {beta}{sub n}=2) with low edge q values (down to q{sub a}=2.8) and high density even above the Greenwald limit together with dominant edge radiative heat exhaust, and therefore shows promise for the future of fusion research. Bulk and edge properties of these discharges are described, and a detailed account is given of the energy and particle confinement and their scaling. Energy confinement scales linearly with density as for the nonsaturated Ohmic Neo-Alcator scaling, but the usual degradation with total power remains. No deleterious effects of the neon seeding on fusion reactivity and plasma stability have been observed. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  6. Mathematical Modeling of Subthreshold Resonant Properties in Pyloric Dilator Neurons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babak Vazifehkhah Ghaffari

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Various types of neurons exhibit subthreshold resonance oscillation (preferred frequency response to fluctuating sinusoidal input currents. This phenomenon is well known to influence the synaptic plasticity and frequency of neural network oscillation. This study evaluates the resonant properties of pacemaker pyloric dilator (PD neurons in the central pattern generator network through mathematical modeling. From the pharmacological point of view, calcium currents cannot be blocked in PD neurons without removing the calcium-dependent potassium current. Thus, the effects of calcium ICa and calcium-dependent potassium IKCa currents on resonant properties remain unclear. By taking advantage of Hodgkin-Huxley-type model of neuron and its equivalent RLC circuit, we examine the effects of changing resting membrane potential and those ionic currents on the resonance. Results show that changing the resting membrane potential influences the amplitude and frequency of resonance so that the strength of resonance (Q-value increases by both depolarization and hyperpolarization of the resting membrane potential. Moreover, hyperpolarization-activated inward current Ih and ICa (in association with IKCa are dominant factors on resonant properties at hyperpolarized and depolarized potentials, respectively. Through mathematical analysis, results indicate that Ih and IKCa affect the resonant properties of PD neurons. However, ICa only has an amplifying effect on the resonance amplitude of these neurons.

  7. Mathematical modeling of subthreshold resonant properties in pyloric dilator neurons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vazifehkhah Ghaffari, Babak; Kouhnavard, Mojgan; Aihara, Takeshi; Kitajima, Tatsuo

    2015-01-01

    Various types of neurons exhibit subthreshold resonance oscillation (preferred frequency response) to fluctuating sinusoidal input currents. This phenomenon is well known to influence the synaptic plasticity and frequency of neural network oscillation. This study evaluates the resonant properties of pacemaker pyloric dilator (PD) neurons in the central pattern generator network through mathematical modeling. From the pharmacological point of view, calcium currents cannot be blocked in PD neurons without removing the calcium-dependent potassium current. Thus, the effects of calcium (I(Ca)) and calcium-dependent potassium (I(KCa)) currents on resonant properties remain unclear. By taking advantage of Hodgkin-Huxley-type model of neuron and its equivalent RLC circuit, we examine the effects of changing resting membrane potential and those ionic currents on the resonance. Results show that changing the resting membrane potential influences the amplitude and frequency of resonance so that the strength of resonance (Q-value) increases by both depolarization and hyperpolarization of the resting membrane potential. Moreover, hyperpolarization-activated inward current (I(h)) and I(Ca) (in association with I(KCa)) are dominant factors on resonant properties at hyperpolarized and depolarized potentials, respectively. Through mathematical analysis, results indicate that I h and I(KCa) affect the resonant properties of PD neurons. However, I(Ca) only has an amplifying effect on the resonance amplitude of these neurons.

  8. The Study of Reinforcement Learning for Traffic Self-Adaptive Control under Multiagent Markov Game Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lun-Hui Xu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Urban traffic self-adaptive control problem is dynamic and uncertain, so the states of traffic environment are hard to be observed. Efficient agent which controls a single intersection can be discovered automatically via multiagent reinforcement learning. However, in the majority of the previous works on this approach, each agent needed perfect observed information when interacting with the environment and learned individually with less efficient coordination. This study casts traffic self-adaptive control as a multiagent Markov game problem. The design employs traffic signal control agent (TSCA for each signalized intersection that coordinates with neighboring TSCAs. A mathematical model for TSCAs’ interaction is built based on nonzero-sum markov game which has been applied to let TSCAs learn how to cooperate. A multiagent Markov game reinforcement learning approach is constructed on the basis of single-agent Q-learning. This method lets each TSCA learn to update its Q-values under the joint actions and imperfect information. The convergence of the proposed algorithm is analyzed theoretically. The simulation results show that the proposed method is convergent and effective in realistic traffic self-adaptive control setting.

  9. Status and future prospect of 48Ca double beta decay search in CANDLES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iida, T.; Nakajima, K.; Ajimura, S.; Batpurev, T.; Chan, W. M.; Fushimi, K.; Hazama, R.; Kakubata, H.; Khai, B. T.; Kishimoto, T.; Li, X.; Maeda, T.; Masuda, A.; Matsuoka, K.; Morishita, K.; Nakatani, N.; Nomachi, M.; Noshiro, S.; Ogawa, I.; Ohata, T.; Osumi, H.; Suzuki, K.; Tamagawa, Y.; Tesuno, K.; Trang, V. T. T.; Uehara, T.; Umehara, S.; Yoshida, S.

    2016-05-01

    The observation of neutrino-less double beta decay (0vßß) would be the most practical way to prove the Majorana nature of the neutrino and lepton number violation. CANDLES studies 48Ca double beta decay using CaF2 scintillator. The main advantage of 48Ca is that it has the highest Q-value (4.27 MeV) among all the isotope candidates for 0vßß. The CANDLES III detector is currently operating with 300kg CaF2 crystals in the Kamioka underground observatory, Japan. In 2014, a detector cooling system and a magnetic cancellation coil was installed with the aim to increase light emission of CaF2 scintillator and photo-electron collection efficiency of the photo-multipliers. After this upgrade, light yield was increased to 1000 p.e./MeV which is 1.6 times larger than before. According to data analysis and simulation, main background source in CANDLES is turned out to be high energy external gamma-ray originating neutron capture on the surrounding materials, so called (n,γ). Upgrading the detector by installing neutron and gamma-ray shield can reduce the remaining main backgrounds by two order magnitude. In this report, we discuss the detail of (n,γ) and background reduction by additional shielding.

  10. The Design and Characterization of Dielectric Microcalorimeters for X-ray Photon Detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kikuchi, T.; Hoshino, M.; Nakayama, T.; Yamasaki, N. Y.; Maehata, K.; Mitsuda, K.

    2016-07-01

    The dielectric micro calorimeter (DMC) is a novel radiation detector utilizing a GHz resonator with dielectric thermometer (Sekiya et al. in J Low Temp Phys 167:435, 2012). The advantage of using a DMC is that the detection mechanism is based on a phonon mediation without Johnson noise and quasi-particle decay process. A large format array of DMCs can be easily multiplexed by a resonator circuit in the readout at GHz band width. We describe the design of a DMC as an X-ray photon counter. It is optimized to detect photon at 5.9 keV energy. We consider ^{18}O-doped SrTiO_3 (STO18) and Nb-doped KTa_{(1-x)}NbxO3 (KTN) as a candidate of dielectric thermometer. Dielectric materials which have sensitivity α (= dlog {C_{el}}/dlog {T}) are also ideal for our application. We check that both STO18 and KTN have α {˜ } 103 at 100 mK. If we assume a DMC resonator operating at 100 mK, we need a Q value of a resonator to be 2000 for X-ray detection.

  11. Low background signal readout electronics for the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guinn, I.; Buuck, M.; Cuesta, C.; Detwiler, J. A.; Gruszko, J.; Leon, J.; Robertson, R. G. H. [Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics, and Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Abgrall, N.; Bradley, A. W.; Chan, Y-D.; Mertens, S.; Poon, A. W. P. [Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States); Arnquist, I. J.; Hoppe, E. W.; Kouzes, R. T.; LaFerriere, B. D.; Orrell, J. L. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA (United States); Avignone, F. T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States); Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Baldenegro-Barrera, C. X.; Bertrand, F. E. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); and others

    2015-08-17

    The MAJORANA Collaboration will seek neutrinoless double beta decay (0νββ) in {sup 76}Ge using isotopically enriched p-type point contact (PPC) high purity Germanium (HPGe) detectors. A tonne-scale array of HPGe detectors would require background levels below 1 count/ROI-tonne-year in the 4 keV region of interest (ROI) around the 2039 keV Q-value of the decay. In order to demonstrate the feasibility of such an experiment, the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, a 40 kg HPGe detector array, is being constructed with a background goal of < 3 count/ROI-tonne-year, which is expected to scale down to < 1 count/ROI-tonne-year for a tonne-scale experiment. The signal readout electronics, which must be placed in close proximity to the detectors, present a challenge toward reaching this background goal. This talk will discuss the materials and design used to construct signal readout electronics with low enough backgrounds for the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR.

  12. Status of the Majorana Demonstrator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cuesta, C.; Buuck, M.; Detwiler, J. A.; Gruszko, J.; Guinn, I. S.; Leon, J.; Robertson, R. G. H. [Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics, and Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Abgrall, N.; Bradley, A. W.; Chan, Y.-D.; Mertens, S.; Poon, A. W. P. [Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States); Arnquist, I. J.; Hoppe, E. W.; Kouzes, R. T.; LaFerriere, B. D.; Orrell, J. L. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA (United States); Avignone, F. T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States); Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Baldenegro-Barrera, C. X.; Bertrand, F. E. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); and others

    2015-10-28

    The MAJORANA Collaboration is constructing the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, an ultra-low background, modular, HPGe detector array with a mass of 44-kg (29 kg {sup 76}Ge and 15 kg {sup nat}Ge) to search for neutrinoless double beta decay in {sup 76}Ge. The next generation of tonne-scale Ge-based neutrinoless double beta decay searches will probe the neutrino mass scale in the inverted-hierarchy region. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR is envisioned to demonstrate a path forward to achieve a background rate at or below 1 count/tonne/year in the 4 keV region of interest around the Q-value of 2039 keV. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR follows a modular implementation to be easily scalable to the next generation experiment. First, the prototype module was assembled; it has been continuously taking data from July 2014 to June 2015. Second, Module 1 with more than half of the total enriched detectors and some natural detectors has been assembled and it is being commissioned. Finally, the assembly of Module 2, which will complete MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, is already in progress.

  13. Sensitivity of the LUX detector to the possible neutrinoless double beta decay of 134Xe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pease, Evan; The LUX Collaboration Collaboration

    2017-01-01

    The Large Underground Xenon (LUX) detector is a 370-kg liquid xenon (LXe) time-projection chamber designed primarily for the direct detection of weakly-interacting massive particles (WIMPs), a leading dark matter candidate. LUX operates on the 4850-foot level of the Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead, SD. The unenriched xenon of LUX contains the natural 10.4% abundance of the isotope 134Xe, a candidate for the lepton-number-violating process of neutrinoless double beta (0 νββ) decay. If observed, this process would confirm the existence of massive Majorana neutrinos and would be a possible path to the measurement of neutrino mass and other studies of new weak-interaction physics. Given its xenon mass and the length of exposure for the LUX detector, there is an opportunity to improve upon the T1 / 2 > 5 . 8 ×1022 yr sensitivity of the 6.5-kg DAMA experiment (enriched to 17.1%134Xe) from 2002 (Bernabei, et al., Phys. Lett. B 527, 182-186, 2002.). Building upon previous LUX measurements of the energy resolution and signal yields up to 662 keV, this talk will go over the response of the LUX detector at 826 keV, the 134Xe Q-value, and the current status of the LUX 134Xe 0 νββ analysis.

  14. Cluster Decay of the High-lying excited states in $^{14}$C

    CERN Document Server

    Tian, Z Y; Li, Z H; Lin, C J; Li, Q T; Ge, Y C; Lou, J L; Jiang, W; Li, J; Yang, Z H; Feng, J; Li, P J; Chen, J; Liu, Q; Zang, H L; Yang, B; Zhang, Y; Chen, Z Q; Liu, Y; Sun, X H; Ma, J; Jia, H M; Xu, X X; Yang, L; Ma, N R; Sun, L J

    2016-01-01

    A cluster-transfer experiment of $^9\\rm{Be}(^9\\rm{Be},^{14}\\rm{C}\\rightarrow\\alpha+^{10}\\rm{Be})\\alpha$ at an incident energy of 45 MeV was carried out in order to investigate the molecular structure in high-lying resonant states in $^{14}$C. This reaction is of extremely large $Q$-value, making it an excellent case to select the reaction mechanism and the final states in outgoing nuclei. The high-lying resonances in $^{14}$C are reconstructed for three sets of well discriminated final states in $^{10}$Be. The results confirm the previous decay measurements with clearly improved decay-channel selections and show also a new state at 23.5(1) MeV. The resonant states at 22.4(3) and 24.0(3) MeV decay primarily into the typical molecular states at about 6 MeV in $^{10}$Be, indicating a well developed cluster structure in these high-lying states in $^{14}$C. Further measurements of more states of this kind are suggested.

  15. $\\beta$- decay of $^{58}$Zn. A critical test for the charge-exchange reaction as a probe for the $\\beta$- decay strength distribution

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    % IS353 \\\\ \\\\ Due to its importance in fundamental physics and astrophysics, a great effort both theoretically and experimentally is devoted to study Gamow Teller (GT)-strength. The GT-strength and its distribution play a key role in late stellar evolution. During the pre-supernova core-collapse of massive stars, the electron capture and nuclear $\\beta$ -decay determine the electron-to-baryon ratio, which influences the infall dynamics and the mass of the final core. The cross-section of the charge-exchange reaction at forward angles with energies above 100~MeV is expected to be proportional to the squares of Fermi and GT matrix elements. This proportionality should provide a Q-value free method to probe the weak interaction strength and renormalization effects in nuclei. Thus charge-exchange reactions are often used to determine the experimental GT-strength. However, the connection between the GT-strength and the cross-section of the charge-exchange reaction is partially model-dependent and the question aris...

  16. Clinical evaluation of demineralization and remineralization of intact root surface lesions in the clinic by a quantitative light-induced fluorescence system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durmusoglu, Oykü; Tağtekin, Dilek Arslantunali; Yanikoğlu, Funda

    2012-03-01

    Detection of demineralization of root surface caries is an important issue since preventive approaches prolong tooth life. Quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) has been shown to be useful for the laboratory assessment of demineralization of root surfaces. The aim of this study was to determine the demineralization and remineralization of root surface intact and cavitated caries lesions using a QLF system as a nondestructive in vivo method. Noncavitated and demineralized root surface lesions were detected and scored using the QLF system. Oral hygiene education was given and periodontal cleaning was completed before the remineralization treatment. After obtaining baseline QLF data, the patients were informed about the remineralization treatment. Fluoride varnish was applied to the carious lesions at the baseline visit, and the patients were then reviewed after 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks, with QLF assessment and fluoride varnish application repeated at each review. Repeated-measures ANOVA (α = 0.05) showed significant differences between ΔQ values at each visit (p Bifluoride 12 varnish improved mineral levels as shown by the QLF system. The treatment response to chemicals of intact noncavitated root surface carious lesions could be followed nondestructively in the clinic using QLF to quantify remineralization at recall visits. Teeth with root surface caries can be kept by controlling their remineralization.

  17. JENDL FP decay data file 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Katakura, Jun-ichi [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Yoshida, Tadashi [Musashi Inst. of Tech., Tokyo (Japan); Oyamatsu, Kazuhiro [Aichi Shukutoku Univ., Nagakute, Aichi (Japan); Tachibana, Takahiro [Waseda Univ., Tokyo (Japan)

    2001-07-01

    A decay data file of fission product (FP) nuclides has been developed for the use in nuclear technology field as one of special purpose files of JENDL (Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library) in the format of ENDF/B and it is called JENDL FP Decay Data File 2000. The file includes the decay data for 1229 fission product nuclides: 142 stable and 1087 unstable nuclides. The data included for a nuclide are decay modes, their Q values and branching ratios, average decay energy values of beta-rays, gamma-rays and alpha-particles and their spectral data. The primary source of the decay data is ENSDF (Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File), which is the internationally recognized data file of nuclear structure properties. The data in ENSDF, however, cover only measured ones. The data of the short-lived nuclides needed for the application fields such as decay heat prediction are often incomplete or not measured because of their short half-lives. For such nuclides a theoretical model calculation is applied to derive the needed data such as average decay energies and spectral data. The data in JENDL FP Decay Data File 2000 have been tested by summation calculation comparing its results with measured data of decay heat values and aggregate fission product spectra of various fissioning nuclei. The comparison showed good agreement between the calculated results and the measured values. (author)

  18. Neutron spectrometer for fast nuclear reactors

    CERN Document Server

    Osipenko, M; Ricco, G; Caiffi, B; Pompili, F; Pillon, M; Angelone, M; Verona-Rinati, G; Cardarelli, R; Mila, G; Argiro, S

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we describe the development and first tests of a neutron spectrometer designed for high flux environments, such as the ones found in fast nuclear reactors. The spectrometer is based on the conversion of neutrons impinging on $^6$Li into $\\alpha$ and $t$ whose total energy comprises the initial neutron energy and the reaction $Q$-value. The $^6$LiF layer is sandwiched between two CVD diamond detectors, which measure the two reaction products in coincidence. The spectrometer was calibrated at two neutron energies in well known thermal and 3 MeV neutron fluxes. The measured neutron detection efficiency varies from 4.2$\\times 10^{-4}$ to 3.5$\\times 10^{-8}$ for thermal and 3 MeV neutrons, respectively. These values are in agreement with Geant4 simulations and close to simple estimates based on the knowledge of the $^6$Li(n,$\\alpha$)$t$ cross section. The energy resolution of the spectrometer was found to be better than 100 keV when using 5 m cables between the detector and the preamplifiers.

  19. Design, construction, and testing of a large-cavity, 1-10 GHz Flygare-Balle spectrometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kukolich, Stephen G.; Sarkozy, Laszlo C.

    2011-09-01

    A large pulsed-beam, Fourier transform microwave spectrometer employing 48 in. diameter mirrors and 35″ (NHS-35) diffusion pump has been constructed at the University of Arizona. The Fabry-Perot-type cavity, using the large mirrors provides Q-values in the 15 000 to 40 000 range. Test spectra were obtained using transverse and coaxial injection of the pulsed-nozzle molecular beams. The measured molecular resonance linewidths were 8 kHz for the transverse injection and 2 kHz for coaxial molecular beam injection. Good signal to noise ratios were obtained for the test signals. Strong lines for butadiene iron tricarbonyl were seen with a single beam pulse (S/N = 5/1). Transitions were measured as low as 900 MHz and some previously unresolved hyperfine structure is now resolved for the butadiene iron tricarbonyl spectra. The spectrometer is operated using a personal computer with LABVIEW programs, with provisions for automatic frequency scanning. The extended, low-frequency range of this spectrometer should make it very useful for making measurements on significantly larger molecules and complexes than have been previously studied. The improved resolution, in the coaxial beam mode, will allow better resolution of hyperfine structure. The large diffusion pump allows a higher beam pulse frequency to compensate for the generally lower sensitivity at lower frequencies.

  20. Phase Space Factors for Double Beta Decay: an up-date

    CERN Document Server

    Mirea, M; Stoica, S

    2014-01-01

    We give a complete, up-date list of the phase space factors (PSF) for beta-beta-, beta+beta+, EC beta+ and ECEC double beta decay (DBD) modes, in all nuclei of interest and possible transitions to final states. In calculation, the Coulomb distortion of the electron wave functions is treated by solving numerically the Dirac equation with inclusion of the finite nuclear size and electron screening effects. In addition to the previous calculations we use a Coulomb potential derived from a realistic proton density distribution in nucleus, improve the precision of the numerical routines used to solve the Dirac equations and to integrate the PSF expressions, and use recently reported Q-values. These ingredients proved to be important, leading in many cases to significant differences as compared to the present available PSF values, which are discussed as well. Accurate values of the PSF are necessary ingredients both for theorists, to improve the DBD lifetime predictions and constraint the neutrino parameters, and f...

  1. High-precision QEC values of superallowed 0+ → 0+β-emitters 46Cr, 50Fe and 54Ni

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, P.; Xu, X.; Shuai, P.; Chen, R. J.; Yan, X. L.; Zhang, Y. H.; Wang, M.; Litvinov, Yu. A.; Blaum, K.; Xu, H. S.; Bao, T.; Chen, X. C.; Chen, H.; Fu, C. Y.; He, J. J.; Kubono, S.; Lam, Y. H.; Liu, D. W.; Mao, R. S.; Ma, X. W.; Sun, M. Z.; Tu, X. L.; Xing, Y. M.; Yang, J. C.; Yuan, Y. J.; Zeng, Q.; Zhou, X.; Zhou, X. H.; Zhan, W. L.; Litvinov, S.; Audi, G.; Uesaka, T.; Yamaguchi, Y.; Yamaguchi, T.; Ozawa, A.; Sun, B. H.; Sun, Y.; Xu, F. R.

    2017-04-01

    Short-lived 46Cr, 50Fe and 54Ni were studied by isochronous mass spectrometry at the HIRFL-CSR facility in Lanzhou. The measured precision mass excesses (ME) of 46Cr, 50Fe and 54Ni are - 29471 (11) keV, - 34477 (6) keV and - 39278 (4) keV, respectively. The superallowed 0+ →0+β-decay Q values were derived to be QEC (46Cr) = 7604 (11) keV, QEC (50Fe) = 8150 (6) keV and QEC (54Ni) = 8731 (4) keV. The values for 50Fe and 54Ni are by one order of magnitude more precise than the adopted literature values. By combining the existing half-lives and branching ratios, we obtained the corrected Ft values to be Ft (50Fe) = 3103 (70) s and Ft (54Ni) = 3076 (50) s. The main contribution to the Ft uncertainties is now due to β-decay branching ratios, still, more high-precision measurements of the half-lives, the masses, and especially the branching ratios are needed in order to satisfy the requirements for a stringent CVC test.

  2. High-temperature piezoelectric single crystal ReCa(4)O(BO(3))(3) for sensor applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shujun; Fei, Yiting; Frantz, Eric; Snyder, David W; Chai, Bruce H T; Shrout, Thomas R

    2008-12-01

    Large-size and high-quality ReCa(4)O(BO(3))(3) (ReCOB, Re = rare earth) single crystals were grown by the Czochralski pulling method. In this work, the electrical properties were investigated at room temperature and elevated temperature for YCa(4)O(BO(3))(3) (YCOB). The dielectric permittivity, piezoelectric strain coefficient, and electromechanical coupling were found to be on the order of 11, 6.5 pC/N, and 12.5%, respectively, with a high piezoelectric voltage coefficient around 0.067 Vm/N. The electrical resistivity of YCOB was found to be 2 x 10(8) Ohm.m at 800 degrees C, with Q values of 4,500 at 950 degrees C. The frequency/temperature coefficient of YCOB was found to be -75 to -85ppm/K in the temperature range of 30 to 950 degrees C, depending on the crystal orientations. Together with their temperature-independent properties, ReCOB crystals are promising candidates for sensing applications at elevated temperatures.

  3. Perturbative treatment of the non-linear q-Schr\\"odinger and q-Klein-Gordon equations

    CERN Document Server

    Zamora, D J; Plastino, A; Ferri, G L

    2016-01-01

    Interesting nonlinear generalization of both Schr\\"odinger's and Klein-Gordon's equations have been recently advanced by Tsallis, Rego-Monteiro, and Tsallis (NRT) in [Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 106}, 140601 (2011)]. There is much current activity going on in this area. The non-linearity is governed by a real parameter $q$. It is a fact that the ensuing non linear q-Schr\\"odinger and q-Klein-Gordon equations are natural manifestations of very high energy phenomena, as verified by LHC-experiments. This happens for $q-$values close to unity [Nucl. Phys. A {\\bf 955}, 16 (2016), Nucl. Phys. A {\\bf 948}, 19 (2016)]. It is also well known that q-exponential behavior is found in quite different settings. An explanation for such phenomenon was given in [Physica A {\\bf 388}, 601 (2009)] with reference to empirical scenarios in which data are collected via set-ups that effect a normalization plus data's pre-processing. Precisely, the ensuing normalized output was there shown to be q-exponentially distributed if the input dat...

  4. Optical network of silicon micromachined sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Mark L.; Burns, David W.; Zook, J. David

    1996-03-01

    The Honeywell Technology Center, in collaboration with the University of Wisconsin and the Mobil Corporation, and under funding from this ARPA sponsored program, are developing a new type of `hybrid' micromachined silicon/fiber optic sensor that utilizes the best attributes of each technology. Fiber optics provide a noise free method to read out the sensor without electrical power required at the measurement point. Micromachined silicon sensor techniques provide a method to design many different types of sensors such as temperature, pressure, acceleration, or magnetic field strength and report the sensor data using FDM methods. Our polysilicon resonant microbeam structures have a built in Fabry-Perot interferometer that offers significant advantages over other configurations described in the literature. Because the interferometer is an integral part of the structure, the placement of the fiber becomes non- critical, and packaging issues become considerably simpler. The interferometer spacing are determined by the thin-film fabrication processes and therefore can be extremely well controlled. The main advantage, however, is the integral vacuum cavity that ensures high Q values. Testing results have demonstrated relaxed alignment tolerances in packaging these devices, with an excellent Signal to Noise Ratio. Networks of 16 or more sensors are currently being developed. STORM (Strain Transduction by Optomechanical Resonant Microbeams) sensors can also provide functionality and self calibration information which can be used to improve the overall system reliability. Details of the sensor and network design, as well as test results, are presented.

  5. The Generalized Conversion Factor in Einstein's Mass-Energy Equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharma A.

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Einstein’s September 1905 paper is origin of light energy-mass inter conversion equa- tion ( L = mc 2 and Einstein speculated E = mc 2 from it by simply replacing L by E . From its critical analysis it follows that L = mc 2 is only true under special or ideal conditions. Under general cases the result is L / mc 2 ( E / mc 2 . Conse- quently an alternate equation E = Ac 2 M has been suggested, which implies that energy emitted on annihilation of mass can be equal, less and more than predicted by E = mc 2 . The total kinetic energy of fission fragments of U 235 or Pu 239 is found experimentally 20–60 MeV less than Q -value predicted by mc 2 . The mass of parti- cle Ds (2317 discovered at SLAC, is more than current estimates. In many reactions including chemical reactions E = mc 2 is not confirmed yet, but regarded as true. It implies the conversion factor than c 2 is possible. These phenomena can be explained with help of generalized mass-energy equation E = Ac 2 M .

  6. Identification and Validation of Commonly Overexpressed Genes in Solid Tumors by Comparison of Microarray Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Pilarsky

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Cancers originating from epithelial cells are the most common malignancies. No common expression profile of solid tumors compared to normal tissues has been described so far. Therefore we were interested if genes differentially expressed in the majority of carcinomas could be identified using bioinformatic methods. Complete data sets were downloaded for carcinomas of the prostate, breast, lung, ovary, colon, pancreas, stomach, bladder, liver, and kidney, and were subjected to an expression analysis using SAM. In each experiment, a gene was scored as differentially expressed if the q value was below 25%. Probe identifiers were unified by comparing the respective probe sequences to the Unigene build 155 using BIastN. To obtain differentially expressed genes within the set of analyzed carcinomas, the number of experiments in which differential expression was observed was counted. Differential expression was assigned to genes if they were differentially expressed in at least eight experiments of tumors from different origin. The identified candidate genes ADRM1, EBNA1BP2, FDPS, FOXM1, H2AFX, HDAC3, IRAK1, and YY1 were subjected to further validation. Using this comparative approach, 100 genes were identified as upregulated and 21 genes as downregulated in the carcinomas.

  7. Mobile Robot Navigation Based on Q-Learning Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lazhar Khriji

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows how Q-learning approach can be used in a successful way to deal with the problem of mobile robot navigation. In real situations where a large number of obstacles are involved, normal Q-learning approach would encounter two major problems due to excessively large state space. First, learning the Q-values in tabular form may be infeasible because of the excessive amount of memory needed to store the table. Second, rewards in the state space may be so sparse that with random exploration they will only be discovered extremely slowly. In this paper, we propose a navigation approach for mobile robot, in which the prior knowledge is used within Q-learning. We address the issue of individual behavior design using fuzzy logic. The strategy of behaviors based navigation reduces the complexity of the navigation problem by dividing them in small actions easier for design and implementation. The Q-Learning algorithm is applied to coordinate between these behaviors, which make a great reduction in learning convergence times. Simulation and experimental results confirm the convergence to the desired results in terms of saved time and computational resources.

  8. Background Model for the Majorana Demonstrator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cuesta, C.; Abgrall, N.; Aguayo, Estanislao; Avignone, Frank T.; Barabash, Alexander S.; Bertrand, F.; Boswell, M.; Brudanin, V.; Busch, Matthew; Byram, D.; Caldwell, A. S.; Chan, Yuen-Dat; Christofferson, Cabot-Ann; Combs, Dustin C.; Detwiler, Jason A.; Doe, Peter J.; Efremenko, Yuri; Egorov, Viatcheslav; Ejiri, H.; Elliott, S. R.; Fast, James E.; Finnerty, P.; Fraenkle, Florian; Galindo-Uribarri, A.; Giovanetti, G. K.; Goett, J.; Green, M. P.; Gruszko, J.; Guiseppe, Vincente; Gusev, K.; Hallin, A. L.; Hazama, R.; Hegai, A.; Henning, Reyco; Hoppe, Eric W.; Howard, Stanley; Howe, M. A.; Keeter, K.; Kidd, M. F.; Kochetov, Oleg; Konovalov, S.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Laferriere, Brian D.; Leon, Jonathan D.; Leviner, L.; Loach, J. C.; MacMullin, J.; MacMullin, S.; Martin, R. D.; Meijer, S. J.; Mertens, S.; Nomachi, Masaharu; Orrell, John L.; O' Shaughnessy, C.; Overman, Nicole R.; Phillips, D.; Poon, Alan; Pushkin, K.; Radford, D. C.; Rager, J.; Rielage, Keith; Robertson, R. G. H.; Romero-Romero, E.; Ronquest, M. C.; Schubert, Alexis G.; Shanks, B.; Shima, T.; Shirchenko, M.; Snavely, Kyle J.; Snyder, N.; Suriano, Anne-Marie; Thompson, J.; Timkin, V.; Tornow, Werner; Trimble, J. E.; Varner, R. L.; Vasilyev, Sergey; Vetter, Kai; Vorren, Kris R.; White, Brandon R.; Wilkerson, J. F.; Wiseman, C.; Xu, W.; Yakushev, E.; Young, A.; Yu, Chang-Hong; Yumatov, Vladimir

    2015-06-01

    The Majorana Collaboration is constructing a prototype system containing 40 kg of HPGe detectors to demonstrate the feasibility and potential of a future tonne-scale experiment to search for neutrinoless double-beta (0v BB) decay in 76Ge. In view of the requirement that the next generation of tonne-scale Ge-based 0vBB-decay experiment be capable of probing the neutrino mass scale in the inverted-hierarchy region, a major goal of theMajorana Demonstrator is to demonstrate a path forward to achieving a background rate at or below 1 cnt/(ROI-t-y) in the 4 keV region of interest around the Q-value at 2039 keV. This goal is pursued through a combination of a significant reduction of radioactive impurities in construction materials with analytical methods for background rejection, for example using powerful pulse shape analysis techniques profiting from the p-type point contact HPGe detectors technology. The effectiveness of these methods is assessed using Geant4 simulations of the different background components whose purity levels are constrained from radioassay measurements.

  9. Fusion of sup 4 sup 0 Ca+ sup 1 sup 2 sup 4 Sn around the Coulomb barrier

    CERN Document Server

    Scarlassara, F; Montagnoli, G; Segato, G F; Ackermann, D; Corradi, L; Lin, C J; Stefanini, A M; Zheng, L F

    2000-01-01

    Fusion-evaporation cross sections of sup 4 sup 0 Ca+ sup 1 sup 2 sup 4 Sn have been measured with good precision and the barrier distribution extracted, following a complementary experiment on multinucleon transfer on the same system. The completeness of the data allows to constrain the fusion calculations concerning the effect of transfer coupling. The measured cross sections are strongly enhanced below the barrier compared to the one-dimensional barrier penetration estimate and the 'barrier distribution' is broad with no clear peak structure. Those features, together with transfer Q-values and cross sections make this system very similar to sup 4 sup 0 Ca+ sup 9 sup 6 Zr where there were also hints of significant transfer effects. Simplified coupled-channel calculations fail to reproduce the low energy tail of the data, although the barrier distribution is qualitatively reproduced. At a few energies, also the fusion of sup 4 sup 0 Ca+ sup 1 sup 1 sup 6 Sn has been measured and found to be very similar to th...

  10. Cluster decay of the high-lying excited states in 14C

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Z. Y.; Ye, Y. L.; Li, Z. H.; Lin, C. J.; Li, Q. T.; Ge, Y. C.; Lou, J. L.; Jiang, W.; Li, J.; Yang, Z. H.; Feng, J.; Li, P. J.; Chen, J.; Liu, Q.; Zang, H. L.; Yang, B.; Zhang, Y.; Chen, Z. Q.; Liu, Y.; Sun, X. H.; Ma, J.; Jia, H. M.; Xu, X. X.; Yang, L.; Ma, N. R.; Sun, L. J.

    2016-11-01

    A cluster-transfer experiment of 9Be(9Be,14C → α+10Be)α at an incident energy of 45 MeV was carried out in order to investigate the molecular structure in high-lying resonant states in 14C. This reaction is of extremely large Q-value, making it an excellent case to select the reaction mechanism and the final states in outgoing nuclei. The high-lying resonances in 14C are reconstructed for three sets of well discriminated final states in 10Be. The results confirm the previous decay measurements with clearly improved decay-channel selections and also show a new state at 23.5(1) MeV. The resonant states at 22.4(3) and 24.0(3) MeV decay primarily into the typical molecular states at about 6 MeV in 10Be, indicating a well developed cluster structure in these high-lying states in 14C. Further measurements of more states of this kind are suggested. Supported by the 973 Program of China (2013 CB834402) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (11275011, 11535004)

  11. Angular momentum limit of Hf isotopes produced in three fusion-evaporation reactions

    CERN Document Server

    Domscheit, J; Ernst, J; Fallon, P; Herskind, B; Hübel, H; Korten, W; Lee, I Y; Macchiavelli, A O; Nenoff, N; Siem, S; Ward, D; Wilson, J N

    2001-01-01

    The compound nucleus sup 1 sup 6 sup 8 Hf was populated in three fusion-evaporation reactions with different beam-target mass asymmetries: sup 5 sup 0 Ti+ sup 1 sup 1 sup 8 Sn, sup 6 sup 4 Ni+ sup 1 sup 0 sup 4 Ru and sup 7 sup 4 Ge+ sup 9 sup 4 Zr. Due to the large negative Q values of these reactions the compound nucleus is formed at low excitation energy. At three or four excitation energies for each reaction gamma-ray spectra of the evaporation residues sup 1 sup 6 sup 6 Hf to sup 1 sup 6 sup 3 Hf, corresponding to the 2n to 5n exit channels, respectively, were recorded with the Ge detectors of the 8 pi-spectrometer array. The gamma-ray multiplicity and total energy were measured using the inner ball of BGO detectors. This data was used to determine the maximum angular momentum transferred to each evaporation channel, the gamma-ray decay entry region and the relative cross sections. No differences are observed between the three reactions. This is explained by the very similar dependence of the excitation ...

  12. RSMDP-based Robust Q-learning for Optimal Path Planning in a Dynamic Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunfei Zhang

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents arobust Q-learning method for path planningin a dynamic environment. The method consists of three steps: first, a regime-switching Markov decision process (RSMDP is formed to present the dynamic environment; second a probabilistic roadmap (PRM is constructed, integrated with the RSMDP and stored as a graph whose nodes correspond to a collision-free world state for the robot; and third, an onlineQ-learning method with dynamic stepsize, which facilitates robust convergence of the Q-value iteration, is integrated with the PRM to determine an optimal path for reaching the goal. In this manner, the robot is able to use past experience for improving its performance in avoiding not only static obstacles but also moving obstacles, without knowing the nature of the obstacle motion. The use ofregime switching in the avoidance of obstacles with unknown motion is particularly innovative.  The developed approach is applied to a homecare robot in computer simulation. The results show that the online path planner with Q-learning is able torapidly and successfully converge to the correct path.

  13. Learning score function parameters for improved spectrum identification in tandem mass spectrometry experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spivak, Marina; Bereman, Michael S.; MacCoss, Michael J.; Noble, William Stafford

    2012-01-01

    The identification of proteins from spectra derived from a tandem mass spectrometry experiment involves several challenges: matching each observed spectrum to a peptide sequence, ranking the resulting collection of peptide-spectrum matches, assigning statistical confidence estimates to the matches, and identifying the proteins. The present work addresses algorithms to rank peptide-spectrum matches. Many of these algorithms, such as PeptideProphet, IDPicker, or Q-ranker, follow similar methodology that includes representing peptide-spectrum matches as feature vectors and using optimization techniques to rank them. We propose a richer and more flexible feature set representation that is based on the parametrization of the SEQUEST XCorr score and that can be used by all of these algorithms. This extended feature set allows a more effective ranking of the peptide-spectrum matches based on the target-decoy strategy, in comparison to a baseline feature set devoid of these XCorr-based features. Ranking using the extended feature set gives 10–40% improvement in the number of distinct peptide identifications relative to a range of q-value thresholds. While this work is inspired by the model of the theoretical spectrum and the similarity measure between spectra used specifically by SEQUEST, the method itself can be applied to the output of any database search. Further, our approach can be trivially extended beyond XCorr to any linear operator that can serve as similarity score between experimental spectra and peptide sequences. PMID:22866926

  14. Amplitude spectrum compensation and phase spectrum correction of seismic data based on the generalized S transform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Huai-Lai; Wang Jun; Wang Ming-Chun; Shen Ming-Cheng; Zhang Xin-Kun; Liang Ping

    2014-01-01

    We propose a method for the compensation and phase correction of the ampli-tude spectrum based on the generalized S transform. The compensation of the amplitude spectrum within a reliable frequency range of the seismic record is performed in the S do-main to restore the amplitude spectrum of reflection. We use spectral simulation methods to fit the time-dependent amplitude spectrum and compensate for the amplitude attenuation owing to absorption. We use phase scanning to select the time-, space-, and frequency-dependent phases correction based on the parsimony criterion and eliminate the residual phase effect of the wavelet in the S domain. The method does not directly calculate the Q value;thus, it can be applied to the case of variable Q. The comparison of the theory model and field data verify that the proposed method can recover the amplitude spectrum of the strata reflectivity, while eliminating the effect of the residual phase of the wavelet. Thus, the wavelet approaches the zero-phase wavelet and, the seismic resolution is improved.

  15. Research of the Activity of Earthquakes Induced by Water Injection of Salt Mining in Changning County, Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ruan Xiang; Cheng Wanzheng; Zhang Yongjiu; Li Jun; Chen Yin

    2009-01-01

    According to information from on-the-spot investigations, the tectonics of salt mining areas and digital seismic records, we studied the activity of earthquakes induced by water pumping in and out of the salt mines in Shuanghe town, Changning county, Sichuan Province. The study found that the rates of water injection and extraction in the Shuanghe salt mining region were evenly matched before April 2006 and earthquake activity was stable. On the other hand, shallow small and moderate earthquake numbers increased sharply after the water injection rate became much larger than the water extraction rate. Large injection over a long time may causes the permeation of water through pre-existing small fractures and micro-cracks in the Changning anticlinal and accelerate the rupture of micro tectonic formations in nearby regions, inducing small earthquake swarm activity. The Q value calculated by using digital earthquake records indicates a relatively inhomogeneous medium in this area. The results of the accurate location of small earthquakes show that sources are relatively shallow and are concentrated at a depth of 2km to 3km. Focal mechanism solutions reveal a normal dip-slip character of shallow earthquakes. All of these show certain characteristics of earthquake activity induced by water injection.

  16. The Effect of TiO2 and B2O3 Additions on the Grain Growth of ZnO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardal, Gökhan; Yüksel Price, Berat

    2017-04-01

    The microstructure properties and grain growth kinetics of ZnO-B2O3-TiO2 ceramics with 0.5 and 1 mol pct doping of TiO2 were investigated. The samples were sintered at 1373 K, 1473 K, and 1573 K (1100 °C, 1200 °C, and 1300 °C) for 1, 2, and 3 hours. The bulk density and grain size of ZnO samples increased with the addition of B2O3 and TiO2. The grain size of 0.5 mol pct TiO2-doped ZnO ceramics was larger than the grain size of the 1 mol pct TiO2-doped ZnO ceramics. This is due to the increase in the ZnTi2O4 phase for the 1 mol pct TiO2-doped ZnO ceramics. The value of grain growth kinetic parameters ( n and Q) increased when the TiO2 content in ZnO ceramics increased from 0.5 to 1 mol pct. The lowest n and Q values were obtained for the 0.5 mol pct B2O3-doped ZnO samples which showed that the addition of B2O3 has a significant role on the grain growth of ZnO ceramics.

  17. On-chip inductor above dummy metal patterns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Heng-Ming; Hsieh, Ming-Ming

    2008-07-01

    This work characterizes the on-chip inductor above dummy metals in CMOS technology. Since the dummy pattern influences the sheet resistance in chemical-mechanical planarization (CMP) process strongly [Schindler G, Steinlesberger G, Engelhardt M, Steinhögl W. Electrical characterization of copper interconnects with end-of-roadmap feature sizes. Solid-State Electron 2003;47:1233-36; Smith S, Walton AJ, Ross AWS, Bodammer GKH, Stevenson JTM. Evaluation of sheet resistance and electrical line width measurement techniques for copper damascene interconnect. IEEE Trans Semicond Manuf 2002;15:214-22.], three test structures are fabricated to compare the inductor performances in this paper. The measurements show that the Q value degrades 15.3% and self-resonance frequency decreases 9.5% in device with dummy metal pattern. Accordingly, an equivalent circuit is proposed to analyze this behavior, the results show that the insulator capacitor plays a key role in performance degradation. Result of this study quantifies the effect of on-chip inductor above dummy pattern.

  18. Radio Identifications of Markarian Galaxies and the Correlation between Radio and Far-Infrared Properties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shao-Guang Luo; Xue-Bing Wu

    2005-01-01

    By checking DSS optical images and NVSS radio images, 782 Markarian galaxies were identified to be NVSS radio sources. A comparison of the radio luminosity at 1.4 GHz and the far-infrared (FIR) luminosity for 468 "normal"galaxies shows a tight correlation. Most of the Seyfert galaxies and quasars follow the radio-FIR relation deduced from the "normal" galaxy sample, but with a somewhat larger scatter. A total 167 Markarian galaxies, comprising 100 "normal"galaxies, 66 Seyfert galaxies and one quasar, have either excess radio emission or much lower FIR spectral index α(25μm, 60μm). These galaxies may be classified as "AGN-powered". For "normal" galaxies, the average q value (defined as the log ratio between FIR and radio luminosities) is 2.3. There seems a trend for q to slightly decrease with increasing radio luminosity. This may imply that the ongoing active star formation in galaxies with higher radio luminosities is more efficient in heating the cosmic-ray electrons.

  19. Status of the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR

    CERN Document Server

    Cuesta, C; Arnquist, I J; Avignone, F T; Baldenegro-Barrera, C X; Barabash, A S; Bertrand, F E; Bradley, A W; Brudanin, V; Busch, M; Buuck, M; Byram, D; Caldwell, A S; Chan, Y-D; Christofferson, C D; Chu, P -H; Detwiler, J A; Efremenko, Yu; Ejiri, H; Elliott, S R; Galindo-Uribarri, A; Gilliss, T; Giovanetti, G K; Goett, J; Green, M P; Gruszko, J; Guinn, I S; Guiseppe, V E; Henning, R; Hoppe, E W; Howard, S; Howe, M A; Jasinski, B R; Keeter, K J; Kidd, M F; Konovalov, S I; Kouzes, R T; LaFerriere, B D; Leon, J; MacMullin, J; Martin, R D; Massarczyk, R; Meijer, S J; Mertens, S; Orrell, J L; O'Shaughnessy, C; Poon, A W P; Radford, D C; Rager, J; Rielage, K; Robertson, R G H; Romero-Romero, E; Shanks, B; Shirchenko, M; Snyder, N; Suriano, A M; Tedeschi, D; Trimble, J E; Varner, R L; Vasilyev, S; Vetter, K; Vorren, K; White, B R; Wilkerson, J F; Wiseman, C; Xu, W; Yakushev, E; Yu, C -H; Yumatov, V; Zhitnikov, I

    2015-01-01

    The MAJORANA Collaboration is constructing the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, an ultra-low background, modular, HPGe detector array with a mass of 44-kg (29 kg 76Ge and 15 kg natGe) to search for neutrinoless double beta decay in Ge-76. The next generation of tonne-scale Ge-based neutrinoless double beta decay searches will probe the neutrino mass scale in the inverted-hierarchy region. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR is envisioned to demonstrate a path forward to achieve a background rate at or below 1 count/tonne/year in the 4 keV region of interest around the Q-value of 2039 keV. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR follows a modular implementation to be easily scalable to the next generation experiment. First, the prototype module was assembled; it has been continuously taking data from July 2014 to June 2015. Second, Module 1 with more than half of the total enriched detectors and some natural detectors has been assembled and it is being commissioned. Finally, the assembly of Module 2, which will complete MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, ...

  20. Silicon photomultipliers for the detection of VUV scintillation light in LXe for the nEXO experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ziegler, Tobias; Jamil, Ako; Bayerlein, Reimund; Hoessl, Juergen; Hufschmidt, Patrick; Schneider, Judith; Wagenpfeil, Michael; Wrede, Gerrit; Anton, Gisela; Michel, Thilo [Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics, Erlangen 91058 (Germany)

    2016-07-01

    The future nEXO (next Enriched Xenon Observatory) experiment with a single phase TPC design will use about 4 m{sup 2} of SiPMs for the detection of the VUV (vacuum ultraviolet) scintillation light (λ=175 nm) from LXe to search for the neutrinoless double beta (0νββ) decay of {sup 136}Xe. Commercially available SiPMs are not sensitive to ultraviolet light, because of an antireflective coating on top of the sensitive area. In addition, they suffer from relatively high dark count rate at room temperature and correlated avalanches, such as crosstalk and afterpulsing. The core criteria, for having an energy resolution of about 1% (σ) at the Q-value of the 0νββ decay of {sup 136}Xe (2457.8 keV), are a photon detection efficiency (PDE) of at least 15% at 175 nm and a correlated avalanche probability (CAP) of less than 20% at -100 C. We considered different approaches for optimizing both PDE and CAP. These improved SiPMs from several vendors were tested in different test setups at temperatures of about -100 C with respect to the criteria required in the nEXO experiment.

  1. The ECRIS charge state breeding project at TRIUMF.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ames, F; Baartman, R; Bricault, P; Jayamanna, K; McDonald, M; Schmor, P; Spanjers, T; Yuan, D H L; Lamy, T

    2008-02-01

    The performance of charge state breeding with an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) ion source intended to increase the charge state of online produced radioactive ions at the ISAC facility at TRIUMF has been investigated. A 14 GHz PHOENIX from PANTECHNIK has been setup on a test bench. Singly charged ions have been produced with several ion sources typical for the on-line operation and were injected into the charge breeder. The main purpose of the tests has been the optimization of the efficiency for the charge breeding into the desired charge state. Maximum efficiencies reached so far with the standard one step deceleration of the ions in front of the plasma are up to about 6% for noble gas ions and about 3.5% for alkalines. As ion optics simulations show, the acceptance can be increased by a two step deceleration. In order to meet the velocity acceptance of the accelerator at different A/q values a similar two gap acceleration system for the highly charged ions has been installed to allow the source to run at different voltages. For the further beam transport to the accelerator, cross sections for charge exchange of the highly charged ions with the residual gas have been determined.

  2. Temperature of the Source Plasma in Gradual Solar Energetic Particle Events

    CERN Document Server

    Reames, Donald V

    2015-01-01

    Scattering, during interplanetary transport in large, "gradual" solar energetic-particle (SEP) events, can cause element abundance enhancements or suppressions that depend upon the mass-to-charge ratio A/Q of the ions as an increasing power law early in events and a decreasing power law of the residual ions later. Since the Q values for the ions depend upon the source plasma temperature T, best fits to the power-law dependence of enhancements vs. A/Q provide a fundamentally new method to determine the most probable value of T for these events. We find that fits to the times of increasing and decreasing powers give similar values of T, most commonly (69%) in the range of 0.8-1.6 MK, consistent with the acceleration of ambient coronal plasma by shock waves driven out from the Sun by coronal mass ejections (CMEs). However, 24% of the SEP events studied showed plasma of 2.5-3.2 MK, typical of that previously determined for the smaller impulsive SEP events; these particles may be reaccelerated preferentially by qu...

  3. Seismological study on the crustal structure of Tengchong volcanic-geothermal area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王椿镛; 楼海; 吴建平; 白志明; 皇甫岗; 秦嘉政

    2002-01-01

    Based upon the deep seismic sounding profile conducted in the Tengchong volcanic-geothermal area, a two-dimensional crustal P velocity structure is obtained by use of the finite-difference inversion and the forward travel-time fitting method. The crustal model shows that there is a low velocity zone in upper crust in the Tengchong area, which may be related to the volcanic-geothermal activities, and two intracrustal faults (the Longling-Ruili fault and Tengchong fault) exist on the profile, where the Tengchong fault may extend to the Moho discontinuity. Meanwhile, based on teleseismic data recorded by a temporary seismic network, we obtained the S-wave velocity structures beneath the Rehai-Retian region in the Tengchong area, which show the low S-wave velocity anomaly in upper crust. The authors discuss the causes of Tengchong volcanic eruption based on the deep crustal structure. The crustal structure in the Tengchong volcanic-geothermal area is characterized by low P-wave and S-wave velocity, low resistivity, high heat-flow value and low Q value. The P-wave velocity in the upper mantle is also low. For this information, it can be induced that the magma in the crust is derived from the upper mantle, and the low velocity anomaly in upper crust in the Tengchong area may be related to the differentiation of magma. The Tengchong volcanoes are close to an active plate boundary and belong to "plate boundary" volcanoes.

  4. Enhanced antitumor activity of cucurbitacin B combined with cerulenin in osteosarcoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhe Zhang

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the present study, the effect of cucurbitacin B and cerulenin combination on osteosarcoma was investigated to develop an effective treatment regimen. The IC50 values of cerulenin and cucurbitacin B combination in the proportion of 1:1, 1:2 and 2:1 were 3.5, 7.2 and 8.6 μg/mL, respectively. The combination index (CI values of <0.95 for inhibition of growth and <0.93 for inhibition of SENP5 expression clearly indicated synergism between the two. The Q-value for combination of 1 μg/mL cerulenin and 1 μg/mL cucurbitacin B was 1.2. AI calculated for tumor tissues treated with a combination of cucurbitacin B and cerulenin (26.2 ± 8.4% was higher than that of the tissues treated separately with cucurbitacin B (14.5 ± 6.8% or cerulenin (12.6 ± 7.5%. The AI for untreated tumor tissues was 4.2 ± 1.5%. Thus, the combination of cucurbitacin B and cerulenin can be a promising regimen in the treatment of osteosarcoma.

  5. Gravitational Instabilities in Two-Component Galaxy Disks with Gas Dissipation

    CERN Document Server

    Elmegreen, Bruce G

    2011-01-01

    Growth rates for gravitational instabilities in a thick disk of gas and stars are determined for a turbulent gas that dissipates on the local crossing time. The scale heights are derived from vertical equilibrium. The accuracy of the usual thickness correction, 1/(1+kH), is better than 6% in the growth rate when compared to exact integrations for the gravitational acceleration in the disk. Gas dissipation extends the instability to small scales, removing the minimum Jeans length. This makes infinitesimally thin disks unstable for all Toomre-Q values, and reasonably thick disks stable at high Q primarily because of thickness effects. The conventional gas+star threshold, Qtot increases from ~1 without dissipation to 2 or 3 when dissipation has a rate equal to the crossing rate over a perturbation scale. Observations of Qtot~2-3 and the presence of supersonic turbulence suggest that disks are unstable over a wide range of scales. Such instabilities drive spiral structure if there is shear and clumpy structure if...

  6. Precision measurement of the half-life and branching ratio of the T=1/2 mirror $\\beta$-decay of $^{37}$K

    CERN Multimedia

    We propose to study the T=1/2 mirror $\\beta$-decay of $^{37}$K. Nuclear mirror $\\beta$-decay is a competitive means to test the electroweak model by means of the high-precision measurement of V$_{ud}$ element of the CKM quark mixing matrix. One key ingredient to obtain V$_{ud}$ is the force of the transition, Ft, which has to be determined with a relative precision below 10$^{−3}$. This quantity is related to the half-life T$_{1/2}$ of the decaying nucleus, the branching ratio BR for this decay and the mass difference between the mother and daughter nucleus (Q value). Another important feature is the mixing ratio $\\rho$ between the Fermi and the Gamow-Teller character of the transition. In most cases, $\\rho$ is the major contributor to the uncertainty on Ft. Available data concerning T$_{1/2}$ and BR of $^{37}$K suffer from a lack of precision that will be easily reduced by a dedicated experiment.

  7. Resolution limits of migration and linearized waveform inversion images in a lossy medium

    KAUST Repository

    Schuster, Gerard T.

    2017-03-10

    The vertical-and horizontal-resolution limits Delta x(lossy) and Delta z(lossy) of post-stack migration and linearized waveform inversion images are derived for lossy data in the far-field approximation. Unlike the horizontal resolution limit Delta x proportional to lambda z/L in a lossless medium which linearly worsens in depth z, Delta x(lossy) proportional to z(2)/QL worsens quadratically with depth for a medium with small Q values. Here, Q is the quality factor, lambda is the effective wavelength, L is the recording aperture, and loss in the resolution formulae is accounted for by replacing lambda with z/Q. In contrast, the lossy vertical-resolution limit Delta z(lossy) only worsens linearly in depth compared to Delta z proportional to lambda for a lossless medium. For both the causal and acausal Q models, the resolution limits are linearly proportional to 1/Q for small Q. These theoretical predictions are validated with migration images computed from lossy data.

  8. Singularity detection of the rabbit electrocardiogram: An evolutionary spectral method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xinyuan Liu; Dingwu He; Liuqing Pei; Suming Zhang

    2009-01-01

    The time-frequency characteristics of the spectral density of non-stationary signals (NSS) in the neighborhood of an instant time point can be determined using the evolutionary spectral analysis. An experimental rabbit model involving ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery to simulate the physiology of early phase myocardial ischemia (EPMI) has been previously described. Clinically, EPMI derived from left coronary artery stenosis is the main symptom of coronary heart diseases including acute myocardial infarction. Here, we propose a new algorithm for estimating the evolutionary spectral density functions, which is an effective approach to determine the instantaneous frequency spectra (IFS) of NSS under the uncertainty principle in the time-frequency domain. The localization singularity information in the data recorded from a living system could be detected by means of the IFS. Electrocardiogram (ECG) data recorded from experimental rabbits were analyzed with the new algorithm. Results showed that the Q's value of the evolutionary spectral quality number of the QRS-complex data was the characteristic parameter of ECG, and there was a matched connection between the time-frequency characteristics of QRS-complex data and the myocardial ischemia symptoms of the rabbits. These results provide valuable information regarding features of the EPMI for use in clinical diagnoses.

  9. Meta-analysis of the association between suicidal ideation and later suicide among patients with either a schizophrenia spectrum psychosis or a mood disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, C L; Mullin, K; Ryan, C J; Kuffel, A; Nielssen, O; Large, M M

    2015-03-01

    Recent studies of patients with a mix of psychiatric diagnoses have suggested a modest or weak association between suicidal ideation and later suicide. The aim of this study was to examine the extent to which the association between expressed suicidal ideation and later suicide varies according to psychiatric diagnosis. A systematic meta-analysis of studies that report the association between suicidal ideation and later suicide in patients with 'mood disorders', defined to include major depression, dysthymia and bipolar disorder, or 'schizophrenia spectrum psychosis', defined to include schizophrenia, schizophreniform disorder and delusional disorder. Suicidal ideation was strongly associated with suicide among patients with schizophrenia spectrum psychosis [14 studies reporting on 567 suicides, OR = 6.49, 95% confidence interval (CI) 3.82-11.02]. The association between suicidal ideation and suicide among patients with mood disorders (11 studies reporting on 860 suicides, OR = 1.49, 95% CI 0.92-2.42) was not significant. Diagnostic group made a significant contribution to between-study heterogeneity (Q-value = 16.2, df = 1, P disorders over periods of follow-up of schizophrenia spectrum psychosis than in mood disorders this result should be interpreted cautiously due to the high degree of between-study heterogeneity and because studies that used stronger methods of reporting had a weaker association between suicidal ideation and suicide. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. Time-of-flight mass measurements for nuclear processes in neutron star crusts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Estrade, Alfredo [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL); Matos, M. [Louisiana State University; Schatz, Hendrik [Michigan State University, East Lansing; Amthor, A. M. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL); Bazin, D. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL); Beard, Mary [University of Notre Dame, IN; Becerril, A. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL); Brown, Edward [Michigan State University, East Lansing; Elliot, T [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL); Gade, A. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL); Galaviz, D. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL); George, S. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL); Gupta, Sanjib [Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur; Hix, William Raphael [ORNL; Lau, Rita [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL); Moeller, Peter [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Pereira, J. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL); Portillo, M. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL); Rogers, A. M. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL); Shapira, Dan [ORNL; Smith, E. [Ohio State University; Stolz, A. [Michigan State University, East Lansing; Wallace, M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Wiescher, Michael [University of Notre Dame, IN

    2011-01-01

    The location of electron capture heat sources in the crust of accreting neutron stars depends on the masses of extremely neutron-rich nuclei. We present first results from a new implementation of the time-of-flight technique to measure nuclear masses of rare isotopes at the National Supercon- ducting Cyclotron Laboratory. The masses of 16 neutron-rich nuclei in the Sc Ni element range were determined simultaneously, improving the accuracy compared to previous data in 12 cases. The masses of 61V, 63Cr, 66Mn, and 74Ni were measured for the first time with mass excesses of 30.510(890) MeV, 35.280(650) MeV, 36.900(790) MeV, and 49.210(990) MeV, respectively. With the measurement of the 66Mn mass, the location of the two dominant heat sources in the outer crust of accreting neutron stars, which exhibit so called superbursts, is now experimentally constrained. We find that the location of the 66Fe 66Mn electron capture transition occurs sig- nificantly closer to the surface than previously assumed because our new experimental Q-value is 2.1 MeV smaller than predicted by the FRDM mass model. The results also provide new insights into the structure of neutron-rich nuclei around N = 40.

  11. Body wave attenuation characteristics in the crust of Alborz region and North Central Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrokhi, M.; Hamzehloo, H.

    2017-07-01

    Attenuation of P and S waves has been investigated in Alborz and north central part of Iran using the data recorded by two permanent and one temporary networks during October 20, 2009, to December 22, 2010. The dataset consists of 14,000 waveforms from 380 local earthquakes (2 mean values of Q P and Q S at different lapse times have been considered. The frequency dependence of quality factor was determined by using a power-law relationship. The frequency-dependent relationship for Q P was estimated in the form of (62 ± 7) f (1.03 ± 0.07) and (48 ± 5) f (0.95 ± 0.07) in Alborz region and North Central Iran, respectively. These relations for Q S for Alborz region and North Central Iran have estimated as (83 ± 8) f (0.99 ± 0.07) and (68 ± 5) f (0.96 ± 0.05), respectively. The observed low Q values could be the results of thermoelastic effects and/or existing fracture. The estimated frequency-dependent relationships are comparable with tectonically active regions.

  12. The transformation groupoid structure of the q-Gaussian family

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tateishi, A.A. [Section for Science of Complex Systems, Medical University of Vienna, Spitalgasse 23, 1090 Vienna (Austria); Departamento de Física, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Avenida Colombo, 5790, 87020-900 Maringá, PR (Brazil); Hanel, R. [Section for Science of Complex Systems, Medical University of Vienna, Spitalgasse 23, 1090 Vienna (Austria); Thurner, S., E-mail: stefan.thurner@meduniwien.ac.at [Section for Science of Complex Systems, Medical University of Vienna, Spitalgasse 23, 1090 Vienna (Austria); Santa Fe Institute, 1399 Hyde Park Road, Santa Fe, NM 87501 (United States); IIASA, Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg (Austria)

    2013-10-30

    Groupoid theory plays an important role in physics since the beginnings of quantum mechanics. Recent developments in understanding symmetries in complex dynamical systems underpin the growing importance of groupoid theory also for statistical mechanics. The q-Gaussian function is observed as the distribution function of many physical and biological systems and emerges naturally in the statistical mechanics of non-ergodic and complex systems. A number of dynamical systems are characterized by pairs and triples of q-Gaussians. The aim of this work is to relate these triples of q-Gaussians with different q-values, representing intrinsic symmetries of the dynamical system at hand, such that any value of q can be mapped uniquely to any other value q{sup ′}. We present a complete set of transformations of q-Gaussians by deriving a general map γ{sub qq{sup ′}} that transforms normalizable q-Gaussian distributions into one another. We show that the action of γ{sub qq{sup ′}} is a transformation groupoid.

  13. Background model for the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR

    CERN Document Server

    Cuesta, C; Arnquist, I J; Avignone, F T; Barabash, A S; Bertrand, F E; Bradley, A W; Brudanin, V; Busch, M; Buuck, M; Caldwell, T S; Chan, Y-D; Christofferson, C D; Chu, P -H; Detwiler, J A; Dunagan, C; Efremenko, Yu; Ejiri, H; Elliott, S R; Fullmer, A; Galindo-Uribarri, A; Gilliss, T; Giovanetti, G K; Green, M P; Gruszko, J; Guinn, I S; Guiseppe, V E; Henning, R; Hoppe, E W; Howe, M A; Jasinski, B R; Keeter, K J; Kidd, M F; Konovalov, S I; Kouzes, R T; Leon, J; Lopez, A M; MacMullin, J; Martin, R D; Massarczyk, R; Meijer, S J; Mertens, S; Orrell, J L; O'Shaughnessy, C; Poon, A W P; Radford, D C; Rager, J; Rielage, K; Robertson, R G H; Romero-Romero, E; Shanks, B; Shirchenko, M; Suriano, A M; Tedeschi, D; Trimble, J E; Varner, R L; Vasilyev, S; Vetter, K; Vorren, K; White, B R; Wilkerson, J F; Wiseman, C; Xu, W; Yakushev, E; Yu, C -H; Yumatov, V; Zhitnikov, I

    2016-01-01

    The MAJORANA Collaboration is constructing a system containing 44 kg of high-purity Ge (HPGe) detectors to demonstrate the feasibility and potential of a future tonne-scale experiment capable of probing the neutrino mass scale to ~15 meV. To realize this, a major goal of the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR is to demonstrate a path forward to achieving a background rate at or below 1 count/(ROI-t-y) in the 4 keV region of interest (ROI) around the Q-value at 2039 keV. This goal is pursued through a combination of a significant reduction of radioactive impurities in construction materials and analytical methods for background rejection, for example using powerful pulse shape analysis techniques profiting from the p-type point contact HPGe detectors technology. The effectiveness of these methods is assessed using simulations of the different background components whose purity levels are constrained from radioassay measurements. Preliminary background results obtained during the engineering runs of the Demonstrator are pre...

  14. Low-lying level structure of 56Cu and its implications for the rp process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ong, W.-J.; Langer, C.; Montes, F.; Aprahamian, A.; Bardayan, D. W.; Bazin, D.; Brown, B. A.; Browne, J.; Crawford, H.; Cyburt, R.; Deleeuw, E. B.; Domingo-Pardo, C.; Gade, A.; George, S.; Hosmer, P.; Keek, L.; Kontos, A.; Lee, I.-Y.; Lemasson, A.; Lunderberg, E.; Maeda, Y.; Matos, M.; Meisel, Z.; Noji, S.; Nunes, F. M.; Nystrom, A.; Perdikakis, G.; Pereira, J.; Quinn, S. J.; Recchia, F.; Schatz, H.; Scott, M.; Siegl, K.; Simon, A.; Smith, M.; Spyrou, A.; Stevens, J.; Stroberg, S. R.; Weisshaar, D.; Wheeler, J.; Wimmer, K.; Zegers, R. G. T.

    2017-05-01

    The low-lying energy levels of proton-rich 56Cu have been extracted using in-beam γ -ray spectroscopy with the state-of-the-art γ -ray tracking array GRETINA in conjunction with the S800 spectrograph at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory at Michigan State University. Excited states in 56Cu serve as resonances in the 55Ni(p ,γ )56Cu reaction, which is a part of the rp process in type-I x-ray bursts. To resolve existing ambiguities in the reaction Q value, a more localized isobaric multiplet mass equation (IMME) fit is used, resulting in Q =639 ±82 keV. We derive the first experimentally constrained thermonuclear reaction rate for 55Ni(p ,γ )56Cu . We find that, with this new rate, the rp process may bypass the 56Ni waiting point via the 55Ni(p ,γ ) reaction for typical x-ray burst conditions with a branching of up to ˜40 % . We also identify additional nuclear physics uncertainties that need to be addressed before drawing final conclusions about the rp -process reaction flow in the 56Ni region.

  15. A temperature-mapping system for multi-cell SRF accelerating cavities

    CERN Document Server

    Ge, M; Furuta, F; Smith, E; Liepe, M; Posen, S; Padamsee, H; Hartill, D; Mi, X

    2015-01-01

    A Temperature mapping (T-map) system for Superconducting Radio Frequency (SRF) cavities consists of a thermometer array positioned precisely on an exterior cavity wall, capable of detecting small increases in temperature; therefore it is a powerful tool for research on the quality factor (Q0) of SRF cavities. A new multi-cell T-mapping system is has been developed at Cornell University. The system has nearly two thousand thermometers to cover 7-cell SRF cavities for Cornell ERL project. A new multiplexing scheme was adopted to reduce number of wires. A 1mK resolution of the temperature increase Delta T is achieved. A 9-cell cavity of TESLA geometry was tested with the T-map system. By converting Delta T to power loss and quality factor, it has been found that for this cavity, most surface losses were generated by the first cell when the accelerating gradient is increased above 15MV/m. The comparison of Q-value between with and without hotspots shows the heating on cavity wall degraded cavity Q0 about 1.65 tim...

  16. An effective method for controlling false discovery and false nondiscovery rates in genome-scale RNAi screens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiaohua Douglas

    2010-10-01

    In most genome-scale RNA interference (RNAi) screens, the ultimate goal is to select siRNAs with a large inhibition or activation effect. The selection of hits typically requires statistical control of 2 errors: false positives and false negatives. Traditional methods of controlling false positives and false negatives do not take into account the important feature in RNAi screens: many small-interfering RNAs (siRNAs) may have very small but real nonzero average effects on the measured response and thus cannot allow us to effectively control false positives and false negatives. To address for deficiencies in the application of traditional approaches in RNAi screening, the author proposes a new method for controlling false positives and false negatives in RNAi high-throughput screens. The false negatives are statistically controlled through a false-negative rate (FNR) or false nondiscovery rate (FNDR). FNR is the proportion of false negatives among all siRNAs examined, whereas FNDR is the proportion of false negatives among declared nonhits. The author also proposes new concepts, q*-value and p*-value, to control FNR and FNDR, respectively. The proposed method should have broad utility for hit selection in which one needs to control both false discovery and false nondiscovery rates in genome-scale RNAi screens in a robust manner.

  17. The effects of attenuation and site on the spectra of microearthquakes in the Jubilee Hills region of Hyderabad, India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Saurabh Baruah; Devajit Hazarika; Naba K Gogoi; P Solomon Raju

    2007-02-01

    Microearthquake spectra from Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad are analyzed to observe the effect of attenuation and site on these spectra. The ratios of spectral amplitudes at lower and higher frequency are measured for three different stations at varying epicentral distances to estimate Q value for both P- and S-wave in near and sub-surface layer. Average estimates of Qp and Qs are 235 and 278 respectively. Value of Qs/Qp larger than 1.0 suggests dry crust for most of the Jubilee Hills region. The near-surface low Qp and Qs for 0 km to 0.9 km depth coincide with the soil layer, top and semi-weathered and highly fractured zone. In contrast, at a shallower depth beneath the Jubilee Hills area, Hyderabad, we obtain high Qp and Qs zone, which corresponds to the dense and high velocity rocks of the region. The varying corner frequencies for these spectra are inferred to be characteristics of site. Comparisons of disparity in spectral content with reference to hard rock site conclude that lithology of the northwest part of Jubilee Hills area amplify about twice the incoming seismic signal, as compared to the southern part best outlined at 8 to 10Hz only.

  18. Systematics of the breakup probability function for {sup 6}Li and {sup 7}Li projectiles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Capurro, O.A., E-mail: capurro@tandar.cnea.gov.ar [Laboratorio TANDAR, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, Av. General Paz 1499, B1650KNA San Martín, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Pacheco, A.J.; Arazi, A. [Laboratorio TANDAR, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, Av. General Paz 1499, B1650KNA San Martín, Buenos Aires (Argentina); CONICET, Av. Rivadavia 1917, C1033AAJ Buenos Aires (Argentina); Carnelli, P.F.F. [CONICET, Av. Rivadavia 1917, C1033AAJ Buenos Aires (Argentina); Instituto de Investigación e Ingeniería Ambiental, Universidad Nacional de San Martín, 25 de Mayo y Francia, B1650BWA San Martín, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Fernández Niello, J.O. [Laboratorio TANDAR, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, Av. General Paz 1499, B1650KNA San Martín, Buenos Aires (Argentina); CONICET, Av. Rivadavia 1917, C1033AAJ Buenos Aires (Argentina); Instituto de Investigación e Ingeniería Ambiental, Universidad Nacional de San Martín, 25 de Mayo y Francia, B1650BWA San Martín, Buenos Aires (Argentina); and others

    2016-01-15

    Experimental non-capture breakup cross sections can be used to determine the probability of projectile and ejectile fragmentation in nuclear reactions involving weakly bound nuclei. Recently, the probability of both type of dissociations has been analyzed in nuclear reactions involving {sup 9}Be projectiles onto various heavy targets at sub-barrier energies. In the present work we extend this kind of systematic analysis to the case of {sup 6}Li and {sup 7}Li projectiles with the purpose of investigating general features of projectile-like breakup probabilities for reactions induced by stable weakly bound nuclei. For that purpose we have obtained the probabilities of projectile and ejectile breakup for a large number of systems, starting from a compilation of the corresponding reported non-capture breakup cross sections. We parametrize the results in accordance with the previous studies for the case of beryllium projectiles, and we discuss their systematic behavior as a function of the projectile, the target mass and the reaction Q-value.

  19. Using the Doppler broadened γ line of the 10B(n,αγ)7Li reaction for thermal neutron detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben-Galim, Y.; Wengrowicz, U.; Moreh, R.; Orion, I.; Raveh, A.

    2016-02-01

    When a thermal neutron is absorbed by 10B in the 10B(n,α)7Li reaction, there is a chance of 94% that a 478 keV photon be emitted by an excited 7Li nucleus. This reaction is exothermic with a Q-value of 2.31 MeV and the nuclei are emitted with kinetic energies of E(α)=1.47 MeV and E(7Li*)=0.84 MeV. This implies that the 478 keV γ line is emitted by a moving 7Li nucleus and hence is expected to be Doppler broadened. In the present work we suggest to use this broadening of the γ line as a fingerprint for the detection of thermal neutrons using a high resolution gamma spectrometer. We thus developed a Monte Carlo program using a MATLAB code based on a High Purity Germanium (HPGe) detector coupled with a Boron Carbide (B4C) sheet to calculate the γ line broadening. Our simulation shows that the FWHM width of the resulting γ line is 12.6 keV, in good agreement with our measurement. Hence the broadened γ line emitted by the 10B(n,αγ)7Li reaction and detected by a HPGe detector shows that this method is an effective tool for neutron detection while maintaining good gamma discrimination.

  20. Nanoscale Structure of Urethane/Urea Elastomeric Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reis, Dennys; Trindade, Ana C.; Godinho, Maria Helena; Silva, Laura C.; do Carmo Gonçalves, Maria; Neto, Antônio M. Figueiredo

    2017-02-01

    The nanostructure of urethane/urea elastomeric membranes was investigated by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) in order to establish relationships between their structure and mechanical properties. The networks were made up of polypropylene oxide (PPO) and polybutadiene (PB) segments. The structural differences were investigated in two types of membranes with the same composition but with different thermal treatment after casting. Type I was cured at 70-80 °C and type II at 20 °C. Both membranes showed similar phase separation by TEM, with nanodomains rich in PB or PPO and 25 nm dimensions. The main difference between type I and type II membranes was found by SAXS. The type I membrane spectra showed, besides a broad band at a 27-nm q value (modulus of the scattering vector), an extra band at 6 nm, which was not observed in the type II membrane. The SAXS spectra were interpreted in terms of PPO, PB soft segments, and urethane/urea links, as well as hard moiety segregation in the reaction medium. This additional segregation ( q = 7 nm), although subtle, results in diverse mechanical behavior of in both membranes.