WorldWideScience

Sample records for public 2-year colleges

  1. Retrenchment Policies in Public 2-Year Community Colleges in the State of Texas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Martha; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Describes a 1993 study examining retrenchment policies at Texas community colleges and their relation to fluctuations in enrollment and state funding. Indicates that 41% of Texas's community colleges had retrenchment policies and that administrative decisions regarding the adoption of retrenchment policies were based on state revenue declines…

  2. 2-Year Colleges Step Up Lobbying.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evelyn, Jamilah

    2001-01-01

    Describes how increased lobbying by community colleges is yielding payoffs in state legislatures and Congress and significantly more federal earmarks. Discusses how increased financial support may also be due to community colleges' responsiveness to states' economic needs. (EV)

  3. Persistence by 2-Year College Graduates to 4-Year Colleges and Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dworkin, Stephen L.

    1996-01-01

    Presents findings from a study of the relationship between the characteristics of 3,762 Connecticut 2-year college students 25 or older and their persistence to 4-year colleges. Reports that students with higher perceptions of social and institutional support and those over 35 were more likely to persist to 4-year institutions. (10 citations) (AJL)

  4. State Budgets Are Likely to Squeeze 2-Year Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selingo, Jeffrey J.

    2008-01-01

    Community colleges in nearly half of the states will probably face midyear reductions in their appropriations, according to a survey of members of the National Council of State Directors of Community Colleges. The study paints a bleak picture of a widening fiscal crisis among state governments, which started in the most recent budget year and is…

  5. Weight and Weight-Related Behaviors among 2-Year College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nanney, Marilyn S.; Lytle, Leslie A.; Farbakhsh, Kian; Moe, Stacey G.; Linde, Jennifer A.; Gardner, Jolynn K.; Laska, Melissa N.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives and Participants: The purpose of this article is to describe weight indicators and weight-related behaviors of students enrolled in 2-year colleges, including sex differences. Methods: During Fall 2011 and Spring 2012, 441 students from 3 Minnesota community colleges enrolled in the Choosing Healthy Options in College Environments and…

  6. Time to Weigh-In: An Analysis of What, if Anything, U.S. Public 2-Year Colleges in the SACS Region Are Doing to Curb Obesity among Their Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Angela

    2014-01-01

    American higher education's mission has always been to educate the "whole" student. Educating the entire student includes nurturing their academic, emotional, social, vocational, moral, spiritual, economic, and physical development to ensure they are prepared to successfully compete in a changing global society in and after college. Each…

  7. Attitudes of College Students Enrolled in 2-Year Health Care Programs towards Online Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdulla, Dalya

    2012-01-01

    Colleges offering 2-year diplomas to high-school graduates were among the forefront leaders in online learning however studies illustrating appropriate course construction for such student populations are scarce. Pharmacy Math (MATH16532) is a core course for students enrolled in the Practical Nursing (PN) and Pharmacy Technician (PT) programs at…

  8. Generacion 1.5: A Cultural Historical Agenda for Research at the 2-Year College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salas, Spencer; Portes, Pedro R.; D'Amico, Mark M.; Rios-Aguilar, Cecilia

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we employ a cultural historical theoretical framework to extend understandings of how widespread 2-year college placement policies concerning English remediation potentially locate and retain U.S.-educated Latino adolescents at the margins of higher education through well-intentioned yet deficit-driven postsecondary cultural…

  9. Hispanic Student Enrollment and Educational Attainment in Texas 2-Year Colleges: A Multi-Year Statewide Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Jack

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the numbers and percentages of Hispanic college students enrolled in Texas 2-year colleges from the 2000 through the 2011 academic years and to examine the numbers and percentages of Hispanic students obtaining associate degrees from Texas 2-year colleges for the 2000 through the 2011 academic…

  10. Translating a health behavior change intervention for delivery to 2-year college students: the importance of formative research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linde, Jennifer A; Sevcik, Sarah M; Petrich, Christine A; Gardner, Jolynn K; Laska, Melissa N; Lozano, Paula; Lytle, Leslie A

    2014-06-01

    Young adults are at risk for weight gain in the transition to independent adulthood; 2-year college students are at greater risk and understudied relative to 4-year students. This project conducted formative research for a randomized controlled weight gain prevention trial among 2-year college students, to ensure appropriateness of content and delivery of a curriculum originally developed for 4-year college students. Data were collected from community college students, faculty, and staff from October 2009 to August 2011. Work included focus groups and key informant interviews, curriculum pilot testing, and social network and support website beta testing. Based on focus groups and interviews, program content, course delivery modes, and communication channels were adjusted to meet population interests and preferences. The course was delivered successfully in pilot testing, and the website was received well by beta testers. Formative work successfully guided program adaptations to address population needs.

  11. Equipping public health professionals for youth engagement: lessons learned from a 2-year pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahay, Tina Binita; Rempel, Benjamin; Lodge, Jennifer

    2014-01-01

    There is strong evidence of the positive role that youth engagement programs and policies play in creating resiliency and producing positive outcomes among youth populations, such as delaying or avoiding the onset of risk-taking behaviors. Research also suggests that achieving positive outcomes ideally includes influence from the individual, the family, the school, the community, and the field of public health (available in A Research Report and Recommendations for Ontario Public Health Association). The authors conducted a comprehensive evaluation of a 2-year pilot project designed to increase the application of engagement and resiliency theory, knowledge, and skills among public health professionals engaging students from Grades 6, 7, and 8 (11- to 14-year-olds). Qualitative methods assessed public health satisfaction with training, resources, and networking activities, whereas quantitative methods assessed changes in capacity with respect to youth engagement knowledge, awareness, confidence, and skills. The findings have helped shed light on public health professional needs concerning capacity and confidence to undertake youth engagement work. Key lessons learned about making youth engagement possible and effective for public health professionals are presented.

  12. Vocational Education. Status in 2-Year Colleges in 1990-91 and Early Signs of Change. Report to Congressional Requesters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

    A random nationally generalizable sample of 563 public and private nonprofit institutions offering up to 2 years of postsecondary education (response rate, 85%) was studied to determine the status of vocational program quality before and after passage of the 1990 Perkins amendments. Data on vocational program enrollments, initial changes to…

  13. Public Relations for Community/Junior Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodress, Fred A.

    This monograph is a practical manual on public relations (PR) for community and junior colleges, containing numerous suggestions and recommendations for establishing and operating an effective public relations effort while avoiding PR pitfalls. An overview of the history of public relations in academe, the rationale underlying today's PR programs…

  14. Engaging Undergraduate Students in Space Weather Research at a 2-Year College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chantale Damas, M.

    2016-07-01

    The Queensborough Community College (QCC) of the City University of New York (CUNY), a Hispanic and minority-serving institution, has been very successful at engaging undergraduate students in space weather research for the past ten years. Recently, it received two awards* to support student research and education in solar and atmospheric physics under the umbrella discipline of space weather. Through these awards, students receive stipends during the academic year and summer to engage in research. Students also have the opportunity to complete a summer internship at NASA and other partner institutions. Funding also supports the development of course materials and tools in space weather. Educational materials development and the challenges of engaging students in research as early as their first year will be discussed. Once funding is over, how is the program sustained? Sustaining such a program, as well as how to implement it at other universities will also be discussed. *This project is supported by the National Science Foundation Geosciences Directorate under NSF Award Number DES-1446704 and the NASA MUREP Community College Curriculum Improvement (MC3I) Grant/Cooperative Agreement Number NNX15AV96A.

  15. Engaging Undergraduate Students in Space Weather Research at a 2- Year College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damas, M. C.

    2017-07-01

    The Queensborough Community College (QCC) of the City University of New York (CUNY), a Hispanic and minority-serving institution, has been very successful at engaging undergraduate students in space weather research for the past ten years. Recently, it received two awards to support student research and education in solar and atmospheric physics under the umbrella discipline of space weather. Through these awards, students receive stipends during the academic year and summer to engage in scientific research. Students also have the opportunity to complete a summer internship at NASA and at other partner institutions. Funding also supports the development of course materials and tools in space weather. Educational materials development and the challenges of engaging students in research as early as their first year will be discussed. Once funding is over, how is the program sustained? Sustaining such a program, as well as how to implement it at other universities will also be discussed.

  16. Efficacy Trial of a Selective Prevention Program Targeting Both Eating Disorders and Obesity among Female College Students: 1- and 2-Year Follow-Up Effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stice, Eric; Rohde, Paul; Shaw, Heather; Marti, C. Nathan

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Evaluate the effects of a prevention program targeting both eating disorders and obesity at 1- and 2-year follow-ups. Method: Female college students at risk for these outcomes because of body image concerns (N = 398) were randomized to the "Healthy Weight 2" group-based 4-hr prevention program, which promotes lasting healthy…

  17. Environmental Sustainability Practices in Selected Publicly Supported Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Posey, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this mixed methods research study was to examine the environmental sustainability practices used at publicly supported community, junior, and technical college campuses in the eleven states accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools' Commission on Colleges. The Sustainability Assessment Questionnaire was emailed…

  18. Environmental Sustainability Practices in Selected Publicly Supported Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Posey, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this mixed methods research study was to examine the environmental sustainability practices used at publicly supported community, junior, and technical college campuses in the eleven states accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools' Commission on Colleges. The Sustainability Assessment Questionnaire was emailed…

  19. Bowie State College Teaching Faculty's Attitudes toward Public Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Wanda E.; And Others

    This survey sought the opinions of faculty members at Bowie State College on 40 questions concerning academic and societal issues in public education. Responses to the survey questionnaire by faculty members represented a return of 14.5 percent, or 15 individuals. Tables are included comparing the responses of the Bowie State College sample and…

  20. Performance of Maryland Community College Transfer Students at Public Four-Year College and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maryland Higher Education Commission, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This data report provides statistics about the number and percentage of Maryland community college students, who earned a bachelor's degree from a public four-year campus in the state within a specified period of years. These students are: (1) Community college students who transferred during the 2004-2005 academic year who received a bachelor's…

  1. What Colleges Must Do to Keep the Public's Good Will

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callan, Patrick; Immerwahr, John

    2008-01-01

    Colleges have lived a charmed life. According to the public-opinion studies that the authors have conducted over the past 15 years, many fields--athletics, accounting, politics--have lost the public's trust, but higher education continues to receive praise for its accomplishments, while criticisms usually fail to stick. The honeymoon may be slowly…

  2. Student Decisions to Attend Public Two-Year Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barreno, Yvette; Traut, Carol Ann

    2012-01-01

    This study examined reasons for student choice of a specific community college. The site of the study is a west Texas public, two-year institution with 4,674 students, full- and part-time, as of fall 2008. The top six reasons for selection were transferability of courses, available academic programs and quality, campus location, cost, available…

  3. A Model of Ethnoviolence and Public Policy on College Campuses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tryman, Mfanya D.

    1992-01-01

    Examines a model and provides possible causal explanations for the increasing number of acts of racial violence, the rise of racism on college campuses, and the attendant implications for public policy. Causes for increased racial violence are complex and can be outlined in the Holistic Model of Ethnoviolence. (JB)

  4. College Governance: A Comparison of Faculty Evaluation in Public and Private Colleges with Implications for the Improvement of the Evaluation Process at Johnson and Wales College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bukowski, Joseph E.

    This study focuses on selected factors in the evaluation of faculty members in: (1) colleges accredited by the Association of Independent Colleges and Schools; (2) public junior and senior colleges; and (3) Rhode Island colleges. Results of the study indicate that faculty evaluation schemes must follow the basic goals and philosophy of the…

  5. Alliance College-Ready Public Schools: Alice M. Baxter College-Ready High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    EDUCAUSE, 2015

    2015-01-01

    The largest charter organization in Los Angeles serving more than 11,000 low-income students aims to prove it is possible to educate students at high levels across an entire system of schools. Alliance College-Ready Public Schools developed the PACE blended learning model, launched at the new Baxter High School, to more effectively prepare its…

  6. Fear of Public Speaking: Perception of College Students and Correlates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira Marinho, Anna Carolina; Mesquita de Medeiros, Adriane; Côrtes Gama, Ana Cristina; Caldas Teixeira, Letícia

    2017-01-01

    The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of fear of public speaking among college students and to assess its association with sociodemographic variables and those related to the voice and oral communication. A cross-sectional descriptive and analytic study was conducted with 1135 undergraduates aged 17-58 years. The assessment instruments were (1) a questionnaire addressing the variables sex, age, field of undergraduate study, voice, and frequency of exposure to public speaking, and (2) the Self-statements During Public Speaking Scale (SSPS), which includes variables implicated in specific domains of public speaking. A descriptive analysis was performed of the variables as well as uni- and multivariate logistic regressions to examine their association with fear of public speaking. The level of significance was set at 5%. In all, 63.9% of the college students reported fear of public speaking. As many as 89.3% of the students would like their undergraduate program to include classes to improve public speaking. Being female, having infrequent participation as speakers in groups, and perceiving their voice as high-pitched or too soft increase the odds of exhibiting fear of public speaking compared with students without those features. A great number of undergraduates report fear of public speaking. This fear is more prevalent among women, students who participate in few activities involving speaking to groups of people, and those who have a self-perception of their voice as high-pitched or too soft. Copyright © 2017 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. 76 FR 61376 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Tribal Colleges and University...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-04

    ...: Tribal College and Universities Program. OMB Control Number: 2528-0215. Description of the Need for the... Affected Public: Tribal Colleges and Universities (TCU) that meet the definition of a TCU established in... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Tribal Colleges...

  8. 76 FR 27658 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Tribal Colleges and University...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-12

    ...: Tribal College and Universities Program. OMB Control Number: 2528-0215. Description of the Need for the... Public: Tribal Colleges and Universities (TCU) that meet the definition of a TCU established in Title III... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Tribal Colleges...

  9. Public Relations in the Community College: How to Start up an Operation, Determine the Program, and Master the Skills of Community College Public Relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trent, Richard L., Ed.

    This nine-chapter manual provides a practical guide to community college public relations (PR) for PR officers with expanding responsibilities. Chapter I explores the philosophy of community college public relations, considering the issue of community, the role of the PR director, and potential problem areas. Chapters II and III provide guidelines…

  10. Teaching about twins: college courses and public lectures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segal, Nancy L

    2013-12-01

    The present article describes teaching experiences and observations in college courses and public lectures on twins. It is concluded that much more information about twins, at both research and practical levels, requires general dissemination. This discussion is followed by reviews of recent twin research on the topics of obesity control, post-zygotic mutation, in vitro fertilization, and schisis-associated defects. Media reports of twins accused of rape, infant Chinese twins sold separately for profit, a twin CEO, and twins pursuing the same career are presented.

  11. The Relationship of Size to Current Expense of Education in California Single-College Public Junior College Districts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostrom, William Albert

    This study was an investigation of unit costs during the 1966-67 school year for single-college, California public junior college districts. The relationships between institutional size and total current expense of education, expenditures in seven major budget classifications, and expenditures in certain combinations of budgetary classes were…

  12. Margin for Excellence and Opportunity: The Impact of Private Investment on Public Colleges and Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges, Washington, DC.

    This statement calls attention to the importance of private investment in the nation's public colleges and universities. It was prepared by the Voluntary Support Committee of the National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges and is being distributed in cooperation with the American Association of State Colleges and…

  13. Public and Tribal Community College Institutional Review Boards: A National Descriptive Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ocean, Mia; Hirschi, Melissa

    2016-01-01

    It is currently unknown how many Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) exist at community colleges. This study investigates the percentage of public and Tribal community colleges that have active IRBs. It also examines the potential relationships between states that allow community colleges to confer baccalaureate degrees, or that have articulation…

  14. Environmental Sustainability Practices in Publicly Supported Two-Year Colleges in the Southern United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Posey, Michael J.; Webster, Ann H.

    2013-01-01

    In September of 2012, a mixed methods exploratory research study was conducted from among the 270 presidents of public two-year colleges in the 11-state region accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges. The purpose of the study was to examine the environmental sustainability practices used at these…

  15. A Brief, Self-Directed Written Cognitive Exercise to Reduce Public Speaking Anxiety in College Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dibartolo, Patricia Marten; Molina, Kristine

    2010-01-01

    Fear of public speaking is the most common social fear experienced by the general population and can have far-reaching academic effects, including lower course grades and even an increased likelihood to drop out of college. The typical curricular approach to remediating public speaking fears in college students is to provide training in basic…

  16. Foundations for the Future: The Fundraising Role of Foundation Boards at Public Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worth, Michael

    2012-01-01

    In the face of rising costs and a prolonged economic downturn, public colleges and universities are being challenged to increase their sources of private support and philanthropy. Drawing on the findings of a recent AGB survey of public college- and university-affiliated foundation board chairs and chief executive officers, Foundations for the…

  17. Conceptualizing an Agenda for Social Responsibility and Public Policy at Montgomery College. A Briefing Paper. Revised

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Michelle T.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this briefing paper is to conceptualize a social responsibility and public policy agenda for Montgomery College. The briefing paper provides (a) a well researched perspective to embed a College culture to actualize social responsibility and public policy as institutional practices; (b) examines some of the opportunities and…

  18. A Brief, Self-Directed Written Cognitive Exercise to Reduce Public Speaking Anxiety in College Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dibartolo, Patricia Marten; Molina, Kristine

    2010-01-01

    Fear of public speaking is the most common social fear experienced by the general population and can have far-reaching academic effects, including lower course grades and even an increased likelihood to drop out of college. The typical curricular approach to remediating public speaking fears in college students is to provide training in basic…

  19. Efficiency-Based Funding for Public Four-Year Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sexton, Thomas R.; Comunale, Christie L.; Gara, Stephen C.

    2012-01-01

    We propose an efficiency-based mechanism for state funding of public colleges and universities using data envelopment analysis. We describe the philosophy and the mathematics that underlie the approach and apply\\break the proposed model to data from 362 U.S. public four-year colleges and universities. The model provides incentives to institution…

  20. Changing Expectations of College: The 47th Annual PDK/Gallup Poll of the Public's Attitudes toward the Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phi Delta Kappan, 2015

    2015-01-01

    This installment reporting on the 47th Annual PDK/Gallup Poll of American's Attitudes Toward the Public Schools focuses on American's views of the value of a high school and a college education and the affordability of college. It is the first year the poll included enough respondents to be able to break out sentiments of specific demographic…

  1. Squeeze Play 2009: The Public's Views on College Costs Today--Public Agenda and the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Immerwahr, John; Johnson, Jean

    2012-01-01

    For increasing numbers of Americans, a crucial facet of the American Dream appears to be at risk. A solid majority consider a college degree an indispensable ticket to the middle class. At the same time, even more people believe college is financially out-of-reach for many qualified students. This is the message from new public opinion research by…

  2. Public-Private Honors Success at Community Colleges of Spokane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avery, Lisa

    2014-01-01

    In this article, the author explores the steep budget cuts in recent years, and how this has affected the number of honors students that can be served at community colleges in the United States. This was true in Spokane, Washington, where, prior to working with "American Honors," community colleges had struggled for many years to provide…

  3. Comparing Perceptions of Campus Crime Severity among Community College and Public Four-Year University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundstrom, Loren M.

    2010-01-01

    In recent years violent crimes on several university campuses have been highlighted by mass media, drawing national attention to the issue of campus crime. Not all college campuses, however, experience the same level of crime. While community colleges serve roughly half of all undergraduates in the U.S., statistically these public institutions…

  4. An Assessment of a Freshmen Learning Community at a Rural, Public Community College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankenstein, Elizabeth A.

    2012-01-01

    The problem facing many higher education institutions is the ability to engage freshmen students during the first semester of college in order to sustain their enrollment. This study assessed the effectiveness of a freshmen learning community as a retention strategy at a small, rural, and public community college. The purpose of this ex post facto…

  5. Their Budgets Slashed, Public Colleges Share the Pain with a Glut of Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangan, Katherine

    2008-01-01

    This article reports that as students flock to public two-year and four-year colleges amid an ailing economy, they find the colleges struggling with financial problems of their own. Midyear budget cuts are forcing many institutions to lay off faculty members, cut course sections, and freeze enrollment. Rising unemployment, slumping values of…

  6. An Assessment of Campus Police Departments across Mississippi's Public Community and Junior Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boggs, Brad D.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to provide an assessment of campus police departments throughout the 15 public community and junior colleges in Mississippi. This research could provide Mississippi community and junior college administrators the opportunity to observe and appraise the overall safety of their respective campuses in comparison to safety…

  7. Public Speaking Course and the Hearing-Impaired College Student: Classroom Communication, Challenges and Rewards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hureau, Marcelle S. M.

    2008-01-01

    This article examines the communication barriers and relationships between hearing and non-hearing college students in a classroom setting. Twelve college students, six female and six males, between 18 and 22 years of age took part in this ethnographic study during a sixteen week course in public speaking, conducted at the University of Colorado,…

  8. Federal Assistance to Public Black Colleges and Universities: Robin Hood Unleashed or Collusion on the Potomac.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Lewis L.

    Issues concerning federal assistance to public black colleges and universities are addressed. Attention is directed to the question of whether federal subsidies, given the role of state controlling agencies, automatically benefit black colleges in a meaningful, lasting manner. A second question is whether federal aid to black institutions, in its…

  9. A Comparison of Tuition Disparities among City, Suburban, Town, and Rural Public Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glover, Louis Charles

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine differences in tuition rates and college affordability indexes (CAIs) between and among U.S. public community colleges formulated upon urbanization criteria extracted from the Integrated Post Secondary Data System (IPEDS) maintained by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), which operates…

  10. A Review of Public Community College Financing: A Report of the Committee to Study Community College Financing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waren, B.; And Others

    The Illinois Board of Higher Education appointed a committee to study: (1) the development and the advantage and disadvantages of the present system of financing; (2) the financial systems of other states with highly developed public educational (community college) systems; (3) the major alternative schemes of financing for the future; and (4)…

  11. College/school of pharmacy affiliation and community pharmacies' involvement in public health activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westrick, Salisa C; Mount, Jeanine; Watcharadamrongkun, Suntaree

    2009-11-12

    To examine the relationship between pharmacy college/school affiliation and community pharmacies' involvement in immunization and emergency preparedness activities. Telephone interviews were completed with 1,704 community pharmacies randomly sampled from 17 states to determine the pharmacies' involvement in immunization promotion, vaccine distribution, in-house immunization delivery, and health emergency preparedness and response, affiliation with college/school of pharmacy, and selected pharmacy and public health-related characteristics. Pharmacy college/school-affiliated community pharmacies were more likely than non-affiliated pharmacies to participate in immunization and emergency preparedness when controlling for pharmacy characteristics. College/school affiliation generally became nonsignificant, however, when public health-related characteristics were included in the analysis. Affiliation with a college/school of pharmacy was related to community pharmacies' involvement in immunization and emergency preparedness.

  12. Pharmaceutical science faculty publication records at research-intensive pharmacy colleges and schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Dennis F; Nahata, Milap C

    2012-11-12

    To determine yearly (phase 1) and cumulative (phase 2) publication records of pharmaceutical science faculty members at research-intensive colleges and schools of pharmacy. The publication records of pharmaceutical science faculty members at research-intensive colleges and schools of pharmacy were searched on Web of Science. Fifty colleges and schools of pharmacy were randomly chosen for a search of 1,042 individual faculty members' publications per year from 2005 to 2009. A stratified random sample of 120 faculty members also was chosen, and cumulative publication counts were recorded and bibliometric indices calculated. The median number of publications per year was 2 (range, 0-34). Overall, 22% of faculty members had no publications in any given year, but the number was highly variable depending on the faculty members' colleges or schools of pharmacy. Bibliometric indices were higher for medicinal chemistry and pharmaceutics, with pharmacology ranking third and social and administrative sciences fourth. Higher bibliometric indices were also observed for institution status (ie, public vs private) and academic rank (discipline chairperson vs non-chairperson and professor vs junior faculty member) (pscience disciplines and academic ranks within research-intensive colleges and schools of pharmacy. These data may be important for benchmarking purposes.

  13. Constructing Fear in Academia: Neoliberal Practices at a Public College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Dana-Ain

    2011-01-01

    Neoliberal values and ideology, which have broadly undermined social justice ideals, have been inserted into a range of public spheres both in the U.S.A. and internationally. Public higher education institutions have increasingly acquiesced to neoliberal strategies, which restrict access to public services, commodify the public sphere and…

  14. Constructing Fear in Academia: Neoliberal Practices at a Public College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Dana-Ain

    2011-01-01

    Neoliberal values and ideology, which have broadly undermined social justice ideals, have been inserted into a range of public spheres both in the U.S.A. and internationally. Public higher education institutions have increasingly acquiesced to neoliberal strategies, which restrict access to public services, commodify the public sphere and…

  15. Butterflies in Formation: Predicting How Speech Order in College Public Speaking Affects Student Communication Apprehension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osmond, Erica R.

    2013-01-01

    This study addressed pedagogical practices in the public speaking classroom in an attempt to help control communication apprehension (CA) levels and improve retention rates among college students in the basic public speaking course. Guided by the theoretical frameworks of Berger and Calabrese's uncertainty reduction theory and Weiner's attribution…

  16. Public-Private Partnerships in College Student Housing: Lessons from Three Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClure, Kevin R.; Ryder, Andrew J.; DeVita, James M.

    2017-01-01

    Despite the increasing popularity of public-private partnerships, empirical research about the origins, models, and long-term outcomes of this approach to financing, constructing, and managing college student housing is scant. In this study, we sought to investigate the origins, models, and outcomes of public-private partnerships in college…

  17. Gender Gaps in College Enrollment: The Role of Gender Sorting across Public High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conger, Dylan; Long, Mark C.

    2013-01-01

    This article uses Florida administrative data to evaluate the role that public high schools play in the growing female advantage in college enrollment. We first show evidence of gender sorting across public high schools that is beyond what one would observe if students were randomly assigned to their schools. Using regression and decomposition…

  18. Identifying Student Traits and Motives to Service-Learn: Public Service Orientation among New College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Robert K.; Stritch, Justin M.; Kellough, J. Edward; Brewer, Gene A.

    2015-01-01

    Among college students, public service motives influence choice of major or job. Although the link between public service motives and prosocial behavior has been established among working adults, researchers have not adequately examined how these motives affect the reported behavior of precareer students. In this article, the authors explored how…

  19. Butterflies in Formation: Predicting How Speech Order in College Public Speaking Affects Student Communication Apprehension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osmond, Erica R.

    2013-01-01

    This study addressed pedagogical practices in the public speaking classroom in an attempt to help control communication apprehension (CA) levels and improve retention rates among college students in the basic public speaking course. Guided by the theoretical frameworks of Berger and Calabrese's uncertainty reduction theory and Weiner's attribution…

  20. Teaching Religion in Brazil, in Public Schools and Confessional Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz, Eduardo R.; Soares, Afonso L.

    2015-01-01

    This essay is part of a collection of short essays solicited from authors around the globe who teach religion courses at the college level (not for professional religious training). They are published together with an introduction in "Teaching Theology and Religion" 18:3 (July 2015). The authors were asked to provide a brief overview of…

  1. Teaching Religion in Brazil, in Public Schools and Confessional Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz, Eduardo R.; Soares, Afonso L.

    2015-01-01

    This essay is part of a collection of short essays solicited from authors around the globe who teach religion courses at the college level (not for professional religious training). They are published together with an introduction in "Teaching Theology and Religion" 18:3 (July 2015). The authors were asked to provide a brief overview of…

  2. Public Colleges Feel the Heat from Gas Boom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Scott

    2012-01-01

    Shale-gas fracking is sure to bring all kinds of changes to Ohio. But what administrators and trustees at Ohio University are concerned about at the moment is who will control whether their land gets fracked. In years past, individual boards of trustees, for the most part, controlled the land at the state's colleges and universities. But a new law…

  3. Public Colleges Feel the Heat from Gas Boom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Scott

    2012-01-01

    Shale-gas fracking is sure to bring all kinds of changes to Ohio. But what administrators and trustees at Ohio University are concerned about at the moment is who will control whether their land gets fracked. In years past, individual boards of trustees, for the most part, controlled the land at the state's colleges and universities. But a new law…

  4. The Managerial Roles of Public Community College Chief Academic Officers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Philip; Murray, John P.; Olivarez, Arturo, Jr.

    2002-01-01

    This study examined the managerial roles of the community college Chief Academic Officer (CAO). Findings indicated that (1) CAOs placed the most importance on the roles of leader, liaison, and disseminator; (2) managers with more years of experience tended to emphasize the liaison role most; and (3) CAOs over 40 placed the most importance on…

  5. 37 CFR 253.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and universities. 253.5 Section 253.5 Patents... BROADCASTING § 253.5 Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges... terms of this section. (c) Royalty rate. A public broadcasting entity within the scope of this...

  6. Accountability in Ontario's Public Colleges: A Discussion Paper. ACAATO Document

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hook, Richard

    2012-01-01

    Accountability, "the extent to which one must answer to higher authority for one's actions" (Shafritz & Russell, 2000, p. 343), is a critical part of corporate and democratic life. In public institutions, sound accountability processes assure those in executive, governance, audit and "elected official" roles that public resources are being…

  7. A Needs Assessment Study and Curriculum Development for a Public and Private Security Program at Alvin Community College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bethscheider, John

    A needs assessment for a community college curriculum in public and private security was conducted by surveying 50 high schools, four-year colleges, and private security agencies in the Alvin Community College area; 36 institutions responded. Findings revealed: most have a designated director of their security program; most would rather hire the…

  8. The Pursuit of Excellence: An Analysis of the Honors College Application and Enrollment Decision for a Large Public University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singell, Larry D., Jr.; Tang, Hui-Hsuan

    2012-01-01

    Honors colleges housed in public universities began only in the last half century, but have become nearly ubiquitous over the last 20 years. This paper, using recent data from the oldest stand-alone honors college in the country, is the first to study how the application and enrollment decisions of honors college students differ from the general…

  9. Selling College: A Longitudinal Study of American College Football Bowl Game Public Service Announcements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobolowsky, Barbara F.; Lowery, John Wesley

    2014-01-01

    Using ideological analysis as a frame, researchers analyzed institutionally created commercials (PSAs) that appeared in 28 U.S. college football bowl games over a seven-year period (2003-2009) to better understand the universities' brands as represented in these advertisements. They found many common elements such as showing traditional…

  10. Selling College: A Longitudinal Study of American College Football Bowl Game Public Service Announcements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobolowsky, Barbara F.; Lowery, John Wesley

    2014-01-01

    Using ideological analysis as a frame, researchers analyzed institutionally created commercials (PSAs) that appeared in 28 U.S. college football bowl games over a seven-year period (2003-2009) to better understand the universities' brands as represented in these advertisements. They found many common elements such as showing traditional…

  11. Crossing the Finish Line: Completing College at America's Public Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, William G.; Chingos, Matthew M.; McPherson, Michael S.

    2011-01-01

    The United States has long been a model for accessible, affordable education, as exemplified by the country's public universities. And yet less than 60 percent of the students entering American universities today are graduating. Why is this happening, and what can be done? "Crossing the Finish Line" provides the most detailed exploration…

  12. Community College Journalism Professors Should Underscore Public Relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinson, David L.

    1993-01-01

    Examines the importance of including instruction in public relations (PR) in journalism curricula. Discusses common misconceptions regarding PR, the evolution of the field, and the social science aspects and ultimate goals of PR. Indicates that it is important to provide students with a balanced introduction to PR. (MAB)

  13. Financial Reporting for Tennessee Public Colleges and Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tennessee Higher Education Commission, Nashville.

    This manual provides a framework for accounting practices, budgeting and reporting procedures for Tennessee public higher education institutions. Emphasis is placed on principles and procedures of accounting and financial reporting; the balance sheet; statement of changes in fund balances; statement of current funds revenues, expenditures, and…

  14. Community College Journalism Professors Should Underscore Public Relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinson, David L.

    1993-01-01

    Examines the importance of including instruction in public relations (PR) in journalism curricula. Discusses common misconceptions regarding PR, the evolution of the field, and the social science aspects and ultimate goals of PR. Indicates that it is important to provide students with a balanced introduction to PR. (MAB)

  15. 37 CFR 381.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and universities. 381.5 Section 381.5 Patents... LICENSES USE OF CERTAIN COPYRIGHTED WORKS IN CONNECTION WITH NONCOMMERCIAL EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING § 381.5 Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and universities....

  16. Performance Incentives and Public College Accountability in the United States: A Quarter Century Policy Audit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogue, E. Grady; Johnson, Betty Dandridge

    2010-01-01

    The allocation of funds to public colleges based on performance criteria rather than activity or enrolment criteria is often described as performance funding. In the United States, performance funding policies have become a frequently used instrument of higher education accountability. The history of such policies, however, is a complex one, with…

  17. Recommendations for Writing Case Study Articles for Publication in the "Journal of College Counseling"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scholl, Mark B.

    2017-01-01

    The author presents recommendations for writing case studies for publication in the "Journal of College Counseling." Recommendations fall into 2 categories: (a) ethical considerations and (b) criteria essential to methodological rigor (e.g., Hyett, Kenny, & Dickson-Swift, 2014). The article is intended to guide and encourage…

  18. Connection and Community: Diné College Emphasizes Real-World Experience in Public Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauer, Mark

    2016-01-01

    The Summer Research Enhancement Program (SREP) at Diné College provides students with a solid foundation of public health research methods and includes a hands-on internship in their home community to test their newly acquired skills while enhancing the communities' health. Focusing on health issues prioritized by Navajo health leaders, from…

  19. Alcohol and the American College Campus: A Report from the Harvard School of Public Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wechsler, Henry

    1996-01-01

    A Harvard School of Public Health survey of 17,592 college students concerning alcohol consumption found 84% reported drinking during the school year, with 19% frequent binge drinkers. Half of these were binge drinkers in high school. Also investigated were other drug use, dangerous behavior, secondhand binge effects, and gender effects. A 12-step…

  20. Assessing the Readability of College Textbooks in Public Speaking: Attending to Entry Level Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, David E.

    2011-01-01

    More research is needed that examines textbooks intended for the entry level college classroom. This study offers valuable information to academics that adopt a public speaking textbook for instruction as well as objective feedback to the collective authors. Readability levels of 22 nationally published textbooks, based on McGlaughlin's (1969)…

  1. A Narrative Inquiry Exploring How College Communication Professors Engage Students with Public Speaking Apprehension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riedel, Derek

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to discover how communication professors at four-year private universities help students who exhibit public speaking apprehension (PSA) learn to cope with their anxiety. The research was framed in the narrative inquiry paradigm, interviewing eight college communication professors about their experiences…

  2. The Leadership Orientations of Public College and University Chief Financial Officers: A Frame Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannah, Charles Russell

    2013-01-01

    The role of the chief financial officer (CFO) is critical to the effective leadership of U.S. four-year public colleges and universities. Self-awareness and the capacity to view situations simultaneously in multiple ways and from different perspectives are essential elements of CFO effectiveness and success in the higher education environment. The…

  3. Colleges Could Play Crucial Role in Halting Spread of AIDS Epidemic, Public-Health Officials Say.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biemiller, Lawrence

    1987-01-01

    Public-health specialists say colleges and universities could play a crucial role in halting the spread of AIDS by educating all their students about the disease and how to avoid becoming infected with the virus that causes it. Reaching minority groups and drug users, and "safe sex" kits are discussed. (MLW)

  4. Army War College Review: Student Publications. Volume 2, Issue 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-01

    Session of the Congress on the State of the Union," January 29, 1991; George H. W. Bush, "Remarks at the Richard Nixon Library Dinner ," March 11, 1992...code names and radio frequencies .11 Al-Qa’ida, likewise, has long-recognized the importance of publicly-available information, now made easier and...residences, past job titles, information about family members, and other personal details.83 Though no evidence exists that Cryptocomb actively

  5. Revising a College 101 Course for Sustained Impact: Early Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karp, Melinda Mechur; Raufman, Julia; Efthimiou, Chris; Ritze, Nancy

    2017-01-01

    In response to strikingly low completion rates in public 2-year colleges, including for students who are well-prepared academically, most community colleges across the country offer student success courses as one approach to improving outcomes for students. Some colleges have begun to revise these courses in response to research indicating that…

  6. Revising a College 101 Course for Sustained Impact: Early Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karp, Melinda Mechur; Raufman, Julia; Efthimiou, Chris; Ritze, Nancy

    2017-01-01

    In response to strikingly low completion rates in public 2-year colleges, including for students who are well-prepared academically, most community colleges across the country offer student success courses as one approach to improving outcomes for students. Some colleges have begun to revise these courses in response to research indicating that…

  7. The New Ethics of Trusteeship: How Public College and University Trustees Can Meet Higher Public Expectations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leslie, David; MacTaggart, Terry

    2008-01-01

    Expectations of trustees have undergone a dramatic change in the wake of the Enron debacle, the new strictures of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and several new state policies, laws, and executive actions. Additionally, well-publicized examples of inadequate trustee oversight have affected the public's and policymakers' perceptions of higher education.…

  8. Working on the Short Grass: A Qualitative Analysis of Fundraiser Roles and Experiences at Public Historically Black Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tindall, Natalie T. J.

    2009-01-01

    The former president of Morehouse College, Dr Benjamin E. Mays, once said, "Higher education for Blacks has always been in a precarious position. These institutions were founded on short grass financially, and they live today on short grass." Today, many public and private historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) have found success in…

  9. The Educational Attainment of Chicago Public Schools Students: A Focus on Four-Year College Degrees. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healey, Kaleen; Nagaoka, Jenny; Michelman, Valerie

    2014-01-01

    A four-year college degree increases a student's employment prospects and earning potential. Given this importance, it is not surprising that 75 percent of Chicago Public Schools (CPS) high school students aspire to obtain at least a four-year college degree. Yet, prior research showed that few achieved this goal: a 2006 University of Chicago…

  10. Integrating Public Relations with Advertising: An Exercise for Students in the College Public Relations Campaigns Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moody, Reginald Ford

    2012-01-01

    Today's public relations (PR) campaigns courses give students the opportunity to research, analyze, plan, and, in many cases, execute a campaign for a real client. Even so, today's campaigns courses may leave students with a weak understanding of how PR can best partner with other tools in the communication mix, namely advertising. Educators may…

  11. Integrating Public Relations with Advertising: An Exercise for Students in the College Public Relations Campaigns Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moody, Reginald Ford

    2012-01-01

    Today's public relations (PR) campaigns courses give students the opportunity to research, analyze, plan, and, in many cases, execute a campaign for a real client. Even so, today's campaigns courses may leave students with a weak understanding of how PR can best partner with other tools in the communication mix, namely advertising. Educators may…

  12. Language Development: 2 Year Olds

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Language Development: 2 Year Olds Page Content Article Body Your ... At this time, there’s more variation in language development than in any other area. While some preschoolers ...

  13. Publicity and public relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fosha, Charles E.

    1990-01-01

    This paper addresses approaches to using publicity and public relations to meet the goals of the NASA Space Grant College. Methods universities and colleges can use to publicize space activities are presented.

  14. Scientific publication productivity of Korean medical colleges: an analysis of 1988-1999 MEDLINE papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, M C; Lee, C S

    2000-02-01

    To identify where the quality research activity has been and is carried out in Korea, and to examine to what extents Korean medical colleges play leading roles in the production of international research papers, we investigated the publication productivity of Korean medical colleges and their medical departments as measured by the number of papers published in foreign journals indexed in MEDLINE. The 12-year period from 1988 to 1999 is covered. A total of 4,881 papers is published in MEDLINE foreign journals by the researchers in Korean medical colleges during the period. The production of MEDLINE papers are concentrated in a few universities. More than 60% of MEDLINE foreign journal papers is published by top five universities 25% by Seoul National University, and 15% by Yonsei University. The newly established medical colleges at the University of Ulsan and Sungkyunkwan University produced outstanding numbers of papers in less than ten years. Radiology has led the internationalization of Korean medical papers. It was the most productive specialty identified in this study. The productivity of Internal medicine is on the rise from the mid-1 990s, and the field began to produce the most number of papers since then.

  15. Masters theses from a university medical college: Publication in indexed scientific journals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhaliwal Upreet

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The thesis is an integral part of postgraduate medical education in India. Publication of the results of the thesis in an indexed journal is desirable; it validates the research and makes results available to researchers worldwide. Aims: To determine publication rates in indexed journals, of works derived from theses, and factors affecting publication. Settings and Design: Postgraduate theses submitted over a five-year period (2001-05 in a university medical college were analyzed in a retrospective, observational study. Materials and Methods: Data retrieved included name and gender of postgraduate student, names, department and hierarchy of supervisor and co-supervisor(s, year submitted, study design, sample size, and statistically significant difference between groups. To determine subsequent publication in an indexed journal, Medline search was performed up to December 2007. Statistical Analysis: Chi square test was used to compare publication rates based on categorical variables; Student′s t-test was used to compare differences based on continuous variables. Results: One hundred and sixty theses were retrieved, forty-eight (30% were published. Papers were published 8-74 (33.7 ± 17.33 months after thesis submission; the postgraduate student was first author in papers from 26 (54% of the published theses. Gender of the student, department of origin, year of thesis submission, hierarchy of the supervisor, number and department of co-supervisors, and thesis characteristics did not influence publication rates. Conclusions: Rate of publication in indexed journals, of papers derived from postgraduate theses is 30%. In this study we were unable to identify factors that promote publication.

  16. The School of Public Safety at Valencia College: Visioning and Implementation of a College-Wide Distributive and Collaborative Program Model for the Central Florida Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goltz, Jeffrey W.

    2016-01-01

    The central Florida region, faced with record tourism, a large service population, and significant population growth over the next few decades, must rely on a community-based institution of higher education with lifelong learning offerings, a local community college, to create world class public safety education and training for the region.…

  17. Examining the Potential of Information Technologies to Improve Cost Control in Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudhakar, Samuel

    2013-01-01

    The challenges facing publicly funded community colleges have never been greater. Declining state and federal support and decreasing property tax revenues have placed a tremendous pressure on tuition rates. Declining revenues combined with the lack of adequate cost control, has caused in-state tuition and fees at public 2-year colleges to increase…

  18. Top Gainers: Some Public Four-Year Colleges and Universities Make Big Improvements in Minority Graduation Rates. College Results Online

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engle, Jennifer; Theokas, Christina

    2010-01-01

    Each year, nearly 400,000 minority students enroll as freshmen in a four-year college, hoping to realize all of the opportunities that earning a bachelor's degree affords. Many arrive on campus having overcome underfunded high schools, an intimidating college-admissions process, and daunting financial circumstances. Yet despite their persistence…

  19. Public Relations Models and Dialogic Communication in the Twitterverse: An Analysis of How Colleges and Universities Are Engaging Their Public through Twitter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beverly, Jason Antwuan

    2013-01-01

    Colleges and universities throughout this world are realizing the importance of engaging in and building mutually-beneficial relationships with their key publics through social media. The introduction of the microblogging tool known as Twitter extends the use of social media in higher education, beyond the classroom, and into the realm of public…

  20. Public Relations Models and Dialogic Communication in the Twitterverse: An Analysis of How Colleges and Universities Are Engaging Their Public through Twitter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beverly, Jason Antwuan

    2013-01-01

    Colleges and universities throughout this world are realizing the importance of engaging in and building mutually-beneficial relationships with their key publics through social media. The introduction of the microblogging tool known as Twitter extends the use of social media in higher education, beyond the classroom, and into the realm of public…

  1. Dissemination of space and astronomical sciences to schools/colleges and 1 lay public

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajaram, G.; Rawal, J.

    It is heartening to note that over the past decade and a half , school curricula in India have introduced Textbooks with chapters devoted to the Geo-Enveronment, and to frontline areas in the Geo and Space sciences. The quality of material taught is certainly better in private, well-funded schools, less so in Government-funded schools, and least in village schools with practically no infrastructure. Planetaria and Science Museums have been set up by Government in many part of India, but often these do not have very knowledgeable staff to explain scientific concepts to the lay public. The large population needs many more such facilities to bring people with scientific temper to a critical take-off mass. This is where scientists after Retirement can play a very beneficial and useful role. Without the pressure of time-bound duties and research paper output, they can impart correct, up-to-date scientific information with logic and rationality, especially if they are good at communication. The Indian Planetary Society (IPS) is an NGO recently started in Bombay which uses just such talent in Public Outreach programs. With time the Society plans to acquire sufficient financial and logistic strength to spread modern science to villages of India, and other deprived sections of society. The methods used by the IPS towards spreading concepts in the Space, Astronomical and Enveronmental sciences to school and college children, and the lay public is discussed.

  2. A demographic and epidemiological study of a Mexican chiropractic college public clinic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ndetan Harrison T

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Descriptive studies of chiropractic patients are not new, several have been performed in the U.S., Australia, Canada, and Europe. None have been performed in a Latin American country. The purpose of this study is to describe the patients who visited a Mexican chiropractic college public clinic with respect to demographics and clinical characteristics. Methods This study was reviewed and approved by the IRB of Parker College of Chiropractic and the Universidad Estatal del Valle de Ecatepec (UNEVE. Five hundred patient files from the UNEVE public clinic from May 2005 to May 2007 were selected from an approximate total number of 3,700. Information was collected for demographics, chief complaints, associated complaints, and previous care sought. Results The sample comprised 306 (61.2% female. Most files (44.2% were in the age range of 40–59 years (mean of 43.4 years. The most frequent complaints were lumbar pain (29.2% and extremity pain (28.0%, most commonly the knee. Most (62.0% described their complaints as greater than one year. Trauma (46.6% was indicated as the initial cause. Mean VAS score was 6.26/10 with 20% rated at 8/10. Conclusion Demographic results compared closer to studies conducted with private clinicians (females within the ages of 40–59. The primary complaint and duration was similar to previous studies (low back pain and chronic, except in this population the cause was usually initiated by trauma. The most striking features were the higher number of extremity complaints and the marked increased level of VAS score (20% rated as 8/10.

  3. Christian Universities and Colleges: The Need to Train Instructors to Teach the Bible as Literature in Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeynes, William H.

    2012-01-01

    The author examines the national growth of Bible literacy courses in America's public schools and examines what steps Christian universities and colleges can take to help meet the demand for teachers for these courses. The author asserts that several sources of training are currently available, but declares that they will be unable to train a…

  4. State Public Policies and the Racial/Ethnic Stratification of College Access and Choice in the State of Maryland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perna, Laura W.; Steele, Patricia; Woda, Susan; Hibbert, Taifa

    2005-01-01

    This study uses descriptive analyses of data from multiple sources to examine changes during the 1990s in the racial/ethnic stratification of college access and choice in Maryland and to explore state public policies that may have influenced changes in the demand for and supply of higher education for students of different racial/ethnic groups…

  5. The Value of College Health Promotion: A Critical Population and Setting for Improving the Public's Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lederer, Alyssa M.; Oswalt, Sara B.

    2017-01-01

    College students are an important priority population, and higher education is an opportune setting for chronic disease prevention and health promotion. Yet many people do not understand why enhancing the well-being of college students is of value. In this commentary, we address 3 common misperceptions about college health promotion: (1) College…

  6. Financial Statement Opinion Audit Guide for Texas Public Community Colleges, 1999.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas State Auditor's Office, Austin.

    This document, prepared by the Texas State Auditor's Office, offers detailed guidelines for conducting a financial audit of community colleges in Texas. Its purpose is to assist governing boards and college management in ensuring that their colleges are receiving high-quality opinion audits on annual financial statements. The guide includes the…

  7. Including the Majority: Academic and Social Inclusion of Adjunct Faculty at Selected Texas Public Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spaniel, Suzann Holland

    2012-01-01

    As the majority of teaching faculty on many community college campuses, adjuncts are accountable for the higher education of an increasing number of college-going students. However, adjunct faculty often are disconnected from the community colleges that depend upon them. The purpose of this nonexperimental quantitative study was to investigate the…

  8. College Competition: The Effects of the Expansion of For-Profit Colleges on Student Enrollments and Outcomes at Public Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soliz, Adela

    2016-01-01

    Community colleges enrolled 37 percent of students attending Title IV-eligible, degree-granting institutions in 2000, but by 2012, this had dropped to 33 percent (National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2013). At least some of this decline is hypothesized to be due to the rise of for-profit institutions, which enrolled approximately 9…

  9. Public Platitudes and Hidden Tensions: Racial Climates at Predominantly White Liberal Arts Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClelland, Katherine E.

    1990-01-01

    Theories of intergroup attitudes suggest that the period of relative calm on college campuses was only superficial. Theories are supported by a study of a "quiet" predominantly White liberal arts college. Findings indicate significant differences between Blacks and Whites on a variety of measures of interracial attitudes and interaction patterns.…

  10. Current Planning for the Development of Public Junior Colleges in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munns, Earle Dee

    This report of 38 studies from 22 states includes the analysis and synthesis of statements of policy and program scop", conclusions and recommendations, needs for services, criteria for establishing new junior colleges, and procedures for improving state-wide coordination. Twelve conclusions are presented regarding the role of junior colleges in…

  11. Public Platitudes and Hidden Tensions: Racial Climates at Predominantly White Liberal Arts Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClelland, Katherine E.

    1990-01-01

    Theories of intergroup attitudes suggest that the period of relative calm on college campuses was only superficial. Theories are supported by a study of a "quiet" predominantly White liberal arts college. Findings indicate significant differences between Blacks and Whites on a variety of measures of interracial attitudes and interaction patterns.…

  12. Community-Based Research, Race, and the Public Work of Democracy: Lessons from Whitman College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apostolidis, Paul

    2013-01-01

    This practice story tells of one professor's discovery and conduct of community-based research (CBR) at a leading liberal arts college. Originating through collaborations with an immigrant meatpacking workers' union, Whitman College's program on The State of the State for Washington Latinos has earned national recognition since its founding in…

  13. Risky Business: Risk Management, Loss Prevention and Insurance Procurement for Colleges and Universities. NACUA Publication Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Barbara

    No matter what type of insurance or how much actual coverage an individual college or university obtains, it will always pay for its own losses one way or another. This pamphlet is intended to assist colleges and universities to meet that challenge by providing administrators with a structure for analyzing and managing risks and determining the…

  14. The Law, Policy, and Politics of Formal Hypnosis in the Public Community College Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachs, Steven Mark

    Information from printed sources, legal documents, and interviews with community college administrators formed the basis of an investigation of the legal, policy, and political implications of the use of formal hypnosis as an instructional augmentation in the community college classroom. Study findings included the following: (1) no formal policy…

  15. College Students' Knowledge, Attitudes and Adherence to Public Service Announcements on Ebola in Nigeria: Suggestions for Improving Future Ebola Prevention Education Programmes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajilore, Kolade; Atakiti, Ifeoluwa; Onyenankeya, Kevin

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Apprehension over a possible recurrence of Ebola remains pervasive among college students in Nigeria. Prevention education continues to be carried out through public service announcements (PSAs) on radio, television and in the social media. However, little is known about college students' knowledge, attitudes and adherence to PSAs on…

  16. Financial Factors and Institutional Characteristics That Relate to the Long-Term Debt of U.S. Four-Year Public Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keith, Dana Sims

    2013-01-01

    Debt for public colleges and universities has been increasing while financial resources, which provide the support to repay debt, have been declining. As debt increases in proportion to assets, the risk profile of a college or university increases. This study examined the relationships between financial variables and institutional characteristics…

  17. Public health campaign to promote hand hygiene before meals in a college of veterinary medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinrich, Ellen R E; KuKanich, Kate S; Davis, Elizabeth; White, Brad J

    2014-01-01

    Veterinary students can be exposed to environmental infectious agents in school that may include zoonotic pathogens. Encouraging effective hand hygiene can minimize the spread of zoonoses and promote public health and the One Health concept among veterinary students. The purpose of this study was to determine if a campaign could improve hand hygiene among veterinary students at extracurricular meetings serving meals. Nine Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine (KSU-CVM) extracurricular organizations participated in the study, sanitizer was provided at each meeting, and baseline hand-hygiene data were observed. A hand-hygiene opportunity was defined as any student observed to approach the buffet food line. Sanitizer use (yes/no) and gender (male/female) were recorded. Campaign interventions included a 3.5-minute educational video and a novel motivational poster. The video was presented to all first-year, second-year, and third-year veterinary students. Posters encouraging hand sanitization were displayed on doors and tables alongside sanitizers at each meeting. Observational hand-hygiene data were collected immediately after introduction of interventions and again 3 months later. Environmental sampling for presence of bacteria in and around meeting locations was also performed. Observed hand hygiene was lowest during baseline (11.0% ± 1.7), improved significantly post-intervention (48.8% ± 3.2), and remained improved at 3-month follow-up (33.5% ± 4.0). Females had higher probability of hand sanitizing (35.9% ± 2.2) than males (21.4% ± 2.4) (phand hygiene before meals.

  18. Alcohol policy enforcement and changes in student drinking rates in a statewide public college system: a follow-up study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harris Sion K

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Heavy alcohol use among U.S. college students is a major contributor to young adult morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to examine whether college alcohol policy enforcement levels predict changes in student drinking and related behaviors in a state system of public colleges and universities, following a system-wide change to a stricter policy. Methods Students and administrators at 11 Massachusetts public colleges/universities completed surveys in 1999 (N of students = 1252, one year after the policy change, and again in 2001 (N = 1074. We calculated policy enforcement scores for each school based on the reports of deans of students, campus security chiefs, and students, and examined the correlations between perceived enforcement levels and the change in student drinking rates over the subsequent two year period, after weighting the 2001 data to adjust for demographic changes in the student body. Results Overall rates of any past-30-days drinking, heavy episodic drinking, and usual heavy drinking among past-30-days drinkers were all lower in 2001 compared to 1999. School-level analyses (N = 11 found deans' baseline reports of stricter enforcement were strongly correlated with subsequent declines in heavy episodic drinking (Pearson's r = -0.73, p = 0.011. Moreover, consistently high enforcement levels across time, as reported by deans, were associated with greater declines in heavy episodic drinking. Such relationships were not found for students' and security chiefs' reports of enforcement. Marijuana use did not rise during this period of decline in heavy drinking. Conclusions Study findings suggest that stronger enforcement of a stricter alcohol policy may be associated with reductions in student heavy drinking rates over time. An aggressive enforcement stance by deans may be an important element of an effective college alcohol policy.

  19. The U.S. Market for Higher Education: A General Equilibrium Analysis of State and Private Colleges and Public Funding Policies

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    We develop a general equilibrium model of the market for undergraduate higher education that captures the coexistence of public and private colleges, the large degree of quality differentiation among them, and the tuition and admission policies that emerge from their competition for students. The calibrated version of the model matches well the aggregate characteristics of U.S. higher education including college attendance in public and private schools, tuition levels, and the distribution of...

  20. Should College Entrance Exam Results Be Made Public,or Kept Private?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The college entrance examination, usually called gaokao in China, is considered the most important test for middle school graduates. It’s the test that makes or breaks the futures of students as the outcome determines who

  1. Rio Grande: Ohio's 'Piggyback' College. Planning for Higher Education, Vol. 2 No. 4: 4/4 August 1973.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morisseau, James J.

    Some private liberal arts colleges across the nation face an increasingly uncertain future as costs continue to rise and competition from expanding public institutions intensifies. Meanwhile, there is pressure-witness the recommendations of the Carnegie Commission on Higher Education-to establish 2-year community colleges in areas not now served…

  2. College Experiences for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Personal Identity, Public Disclosure, and Institutional Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Bradley E.; Thompson, Kerry; Anderson, Amelia; Mintz, Amanda; Locks, Taylor; Morgan, Lindee; Edelstein, Jeffrey; Wolz, Abigail

    2017-01-01

    Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are completing high school with reasonable expectations for postsecondary success. College educators are likely ill prepared to provide appropriate support for these students. Based on personal interviews with a diverse group of students with autism, this study (a) amplifies these students' voices,…

  3. Strings Attached? Linking Historically Black Colleges and Universities Public Revenue Sources with Efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coupet, Jason

    2017-01-01

    Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), a set of US higher education institutions historically tasked with educating African-American students, receive both state and federal funding. However, state governments often assert operational control through the political process, potentially influencing how key resources are used. Do these…

  4. Students' Perceptions of Their Connectedness in the Community College Basic Public Speaking Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaser, Hollis F.; Bingham, Shereen

    2009-01-01

    This study explores what classroom behaviors and activities in the basic speech course contribute to student connectedness. The results indicate that student encouragement, humor, honesty, interactive exercises and individual speeches, can help student bonding and motivation, and impacts their overall college experience.

  5. Evaluating Alumni Publications: A Readership Survey of the Graduates of an Agricultural College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerakis, Argyrios

    1997-01-01

    Responses from 81 alumni of Michigan State University's agricultural college revealed overall satisfaction with the alumni magazine. Most thought advertising would be acceptable to defray costs. Lack of time or interest were reasons for not reading articles. One in three copies was read by someone other than the alumnus. (SK)

  6. College Experiences for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Personal Identity, Public Disclosure, and Institutional Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Bradley E.; Thompson, Kerry; Anderson, Amelia; Mintz, Amanda; Locks, Taylor; Morgan, Lindee; Edelstein, Jeffrey; Wolz, Abigail

    2017-01-01

    Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are completing high school with reasonable expectations for postsecondary success. College educators are likely ill prepared to provide appropriate support for these students. Based on personal interviews with a diverse group of students with autism, this study (a) amplifies these students' voices,…

  7. Who Deserves a Seat?: Colorblind Public Opinion of College Admissions Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sulé, V. Thandi; Winkle-Wagner, Rachelle; Maramba, Dina C.

    2017-01-01

    Using critical discourse analysis, this study assesses reader comments to newspaper articles on the "Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin" Supreme Court case. The Fisher case challenges the consideration of race in the college admissions process at UT. Findings show that this racial equity practice was framed as being antithetical to…

  8. Strings Attached? Linking Historically Black Colleges and Universities Public Revenue Sources with Efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coupet, Jason

    2017-01-01

    Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), a set of US higher education institutions historically tasked with educating African-American students, receive both state and federal funding. However, state governments often assert operational control through the political process, potentially influencing how key resources are used. Do these…

  9. Compulsive Buying among College Students: An Investigation of Its Antecedents, Consequences, and Implications for Public Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, James A.

    1998-01-01

    This study investigated the incidence, antecedents, consequences, and policy implications of compulsive buying among college students (n=300). Details contributing factors and discusses the relationship between credit card use and compulsive buying. Discusses the implications for consumer policy and suggestions for further research. (JOW)

  10. State Share of Instruction Funding to Ohio Public Community Colleges: A Policy Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Betsy

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated various state policies to determine their impact on the state share of instruction (SSI) funding to community colleges in the state of Ohio. To complete the policy analysis, the researcher utilized three policy analysis tools, defined by Gill and Saunders (2010) as iterative processes, intuition and judgment, and advice and…

  11. A Virtual Commitment: Disability Services Information on Public Community College Websites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Dimitra Lynette; Jones, Stephanie J.

    2014-01-01

    The research on students with disabilities has focused primarily on transition programs and the accessibility of information in the classroom environment. There is a dearth of studies that examine the accessibility of disability services information on community college websites for prospective students with disabilities. A researcher-developed…

  12. Scientific Publications by the Faculty of the College of Science, UP Diliman: September 1988 to May 1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    May Lim

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available We present a comprehensive survey of the scientific publications by the Faculty (Professors, Associate Professors, and Assistant Professors of the College of Science, UP Diliman. The initial listings are obtained from UNCOVER and MEDLINE databases which are freely available in the Internet. Our search covers articles that have been published between September 1988 and May 1998. Books and conference proceedings are excluded. Performance analysis is done along academic ranks and units. Final tally considers only journals covered by the Science Citation Index. Based on our tally, no academic unit has achieved the rule of thumb for research excellence which is at least one internationally-abstracted publication per faculty per year.

  13. Public Stigma Associated With Psychosis Risk Syndrome in a College Population: Implications for Peer Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Lawrence H.; Anglin, Deidre M.; Wonpat-Borja, Ahtoy J.; Opler, Mark G.; Greenspoon, Michelle; Corcoran, Cheryl M.

    2013-01-01

    Objectives This study compared stigma associated with the psychosis risk label and diagnostic labels for nonpsychotic and psychotic mental disorders among young adult peers. Methods Urban college respondents (N=153) read an experimental vignette describing a young adult experiencing prodromal symptoms who was randomly assigned a diagnostic label (major depression, generalized anxiety disorder, schizophrenia, or psychosis risk with and without accurate information about the psychosis risk label) and answered questions about stigma toward the individual in the vignette. Results Compared with labels for non-psychotic disorders, schizophrenia elicited more negative stereotyping and the at-risk label invoked greater social distance and less willingness to help. Any increased social distance appeared to be reduced by accurate information about the at-risk state. No differences in stigma were found for the psychosis risk and schizophrenia labels. Conclusions The psychosis risk label alone appeared to evoke greater status loss and discrimination. Accurate information may minimize some stigmatizing attitudes among college peers. PMID:23450386

  14. Medical records for animals used in research, teaching, and testing: public statement from the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Field, Karl; Bailey, Michele; Foresman, Larry L; Harris, Robert L; Motzel, Sherri L; Rockar, Richard A; Ruble, Gaye; Suckow, Mark A

    2007-01-01

    Medical records are considered to be a key element of a program of adequate veterinary care for animals used in research, teaching, and testing. However, prior to the release of the public statement on medical records by the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine (ACLAM), the guidance that was available on the form and content of medical records used for the research setting was not consistent and, in some cases, was considered to be too rigid. To address this concern, ACLAM convened an ad hoc Medical Records Committee and charged the Committee with the task of developing a medical record guideline that was based on both professional judgment and performance standards. The Committee provided ACLAM with a guidance document titled Public Statements: Medical Records for Animals Used in Research, Teaching, and Testing, which was approved by ACLAM in late 2004. The ACLAM public statement on medical records provides guidance on the definition and content of medical records, and clearly identifies the Attending Veterinarian as the individual who is charged with authority and responsibility for oversight of the institution's medical records program. The document offers latitude to institutions in the precise form and process used for medical records but identifies typical information to be included in such records. As a result, the ACLAM public statement on medical records provides practical yet flexible guidelines to assure that documentation of animal health is performed in research, teaching, and testing situations.

  15. Curriculum alignment and higher order thinking in introductory biology in Arkansas public two-year colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crandall, Elizabeth Diane

    This dissertation identified the cognitive levels of lecture objectives, lab objectives, and test questions in introductory majors' biology. The study group included courses offered by 27 faculty members at 18 of the 22 community colleges in Arkansas. Using Bloom's Taxonomy to identify cognitive levels, the median lecture learning outcomes were at level 2 (Comprehension) and test assessments at Level 1 (Knowledge). Lab learning outcomes were determined to have a median of level 3 (Analysis). A correlation analysis was performed using SPSS software to determine if there was an association between the Bloom's level of lecture objectives and test assessments. The only significant difference found was at the Analysis level, or Bloom's level 4 (p=.043). Correlation analyses were run for two other data sets. Years of college teaching experience and hours of training in writing objectives and assessments were compared to the Bloom's Taxonomy level of lecture objectives and test items. No significant difference was found for either of these independent variables. This dissertation provides Arkansas two-year college biology faculty with baseline information about the levels of cognitive skills that are required in freshman biology for majors courses. It can serve to initiate conversations about where we are compared to a national study, where we need to be, and how we get there.

  16. Public Access Cable Television: Extending the Production Laboratory for College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novak, Glenn D.

    Noting the difficulties communication departments have in providing students with television production opportunities, this paper proposes the use of cable television public access channels as a means of overcoming those difficulties. After defining and differentiating between local origination and public access programing, the paper discusses the…

  17. The New Rules of PR and Marketing: A Teaching Unit for College Public Relations Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mauldin, Candice

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this lesson plan is to introduce the importance of social media and the Internet on public relations and marketing. The lesson describes the new rules for public relations versus the old rules. It is a more in depth look at how, and why, to use blogging, social media, and the Internet for promoting a company and appealing to buyers.…

  18. Toward a Voluntary System of Accountability Program (VSA) for Public Universities and Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPherson, Peter; Shulenburger, David

    2006-01-01

    Every public university is engaged now in serious and ongoing accountability appraisal with significant time and resources dedicated to the task. The academy's commitment to accountability is real. Focusing on accountability for undergraduate education, one of several important functions of public universities satisfies a need, but it should not…

  19. Research on The Intervention Strategies of Internet Public Opinion in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校网络舆情引导研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新华

    2015-01-01

    The campus network in higher vocational colleges is the generation platform of the higher vocational college net-work public opinion. Higher vocational college network public opinion is a feeling, idea, opinion collection, which expressed by the high vocational students, through the network of campus or social event or phenomenon. By analyzing the situation and the existing problem of the network public opinion guidance in Higher Vocational Colleges, it is proposed that higher vocational colleges take measures to strengthen the information disclosure, etc. positive and effective guidance strategies, play an important role in the construction of harmonious campus network public opinion environment.%高职院校校园网络是其网络舆情产生的载体平台。高职院校网络舆情是以在校高职学生为主的群体通过网络对校园或社会中的事件或现象所表达情感、观点、看法的集合。通过分析高职院校网络舆情的现状及引导上存在的问题,建议高职院校采取加强信息公开、化堵为疏等积极有效的引导策略,为构建和谐的校园网络舆情环境发挥重要作用。

  20. The Army War College Review. Volume 1, Number 2. Student Publications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    Grand Strategy 16 Colonel Michael James Daniels United States Army The Resurrection of Adaptive Planning 30 Colonel Jon C. Wilkinson United...41 Student Publications The Resurrection of Adaptive Planning Colonel Jon C. Wilkinson The revolution in adaptive planning

  1. Reform path of public English in Colleges and Universities under the guidance of the market economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kong Yifeng

    2016-01-01

    Market economy requires education to adapt to the needs of its development, public English teaching should reform the talent training model, the market economy as the guide, follow the market development direction, take the road of combining with the professional.

  2. Adequacy of benefits, distributive justice and individual attitudes and behaviors: A case of public community colleges staff

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azman Bin Ismail

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to examine the indirect effect of distributive justice in the relationship between adequacy of benefits and individual attitudes and behaviors (i.e., job satisfaction and organizational commitment using 190 usable questionnaires gathered from employees in Malaysian public community colleges (MPCOLLEGE sector. The outcome of stepwise regression analysis showed that the inclusion of distributive justice in the analysis had increased the effect of adequacy of benefits on job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Furthermore, this finding confirms that distributive justice does act as a full mediating variable in the benefits program model of the organizational sector sample. In addition, implications and limitations of this study, as well as directions for future research are discussed.

  3. The Effects of Performance Budgeting and Funding Programs on Graduation Rate in Public Four-Year Colleges and Universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jung-cheol Shinn

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine whether states with performance budgeting and funding (PBF programs had improved institutional performance of higher education over the five years (1997 through 2001 considered in this study. First Time in College (FTIC graduation rate was used as the measure of institutional performance. In this study, the unit of analysis is institution level and the study population is all public four-or-more-year institutions in the United States. To test PBF program effectiveness, Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM growth analysis was applied. According to the HLM analysis, the growth of graduation rates in states with PBF programs was not greater than in states without PBF programs. The lack of growth in institutional graduation rates, however, does not mean that PBF programs failed to achieve their goals. Policy-makers are advised to sustain PBF programs long enough until such programs bear their fruits or are proven ineffective.

  4. Review of the Séralini et al. (2012 publication on a 2-year rodent feeding study with glyphosate formulations and GM maize NK603 as published online on 19 September 2012 in Food and Chemical Toxicology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    European Food Safety Authority

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available

    On 19 September 2012, Séralini et al. published online in the scientific journal Food and Chemical Toxicology a publication describing a 2-year feeding study in rats investigating the health effects of genetically modified (GM maize NK603 with and without Roundup WeatherMAX® and Roundup® GT Plus alone (both are glyphosate-containing plant protection products.  EFSA was requested by the European Commission to review this publication and to identify whether clarifications are needed from the authors. EFSA notes that the Séralini et al. (2012 study has unclear objectives and is inadequately reported in the publication, with many key details of the design, conduct and analysis being omitted. Without such details it is impossible to give weight to the results. Conclusions cannot be drawn on the difference in tumour incidence between the treatment groups on the basis of the design, the analysis and the results as reported in the Séralini et al. (2012 publication. In particular, Séralini et al. (2012 draw conclusions on the incidence of tumours based on 10 rats per treatment per sex which is an insufficient number of animals to distinguish between specific treatment effects and chance occurrences of tumours in rats.  Considering that the study as reported in the Séralini et al. (2012 publication is of inadequate design, analysis and reporting, EFSA finds that it is of insufficient scientific quality for safety assessment. Therefore EFSA, concludes that the Séralini et al. study as reported in the 2012 publication does not impact the ongoing re-evaluation of glyphosate, and does not see a need to reopen the existing safety evaluation of maize NK603 and its related stacks. EFSA will give the authors of the Séralini et al. (2012 publication the opportunity to provide further information on their study to EFSA.

  5. Your Child's Development: 2 Years (24 Months)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Child Too Busy? Helping Your Child Adjust to Preschool School Lunches Kids and Food: 10 Tips for Parents Healthy Habits for TV, Video Games, and the Internet Your Child’s Development: 2 Years (24 Months) KidsHealth > For Parents > Your ...

  6. Open access publishing: A review of publications originating from a medical college in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Open Access (OA publishing has gained tremendous acceptance in academic publishing over the last decade. This paper reviews the number and trend of OA publishing of research papers originating from College of Medicine University of Lagos (CMUL, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A computerized literature search of PubMed for all published articles originating from CMUL between 1976 and 2013 was conducted. The search phrase used was "College of Medicine University of Lagos". The search was conducted on March 30, 2013. All articles tagged "Free article" or "Free PubMed article" were selected. Results: A total of 1255 articles appeared in PubMed between 1976 and 2013 (37 years. At the first level of screening, 162 articles were identified as "Open Access". Second level of screening to eliminate articles not originating from CMUL identified 124 articles. Only 15 OA articles were published between 1976 and 2000 (24 years, 11 articles appeared as "Open Access" journals between 2001 and 2005 (5 years, 44 between 2006 and 2010 (5 years, and 54 articles were published between 2011 and 2013. Twenty-four of these articles were published in Nigerian OA Journals, and the remaining articles (100 in foreign journals. Conclusions: OA publishing is becoming popular among researchers at CMUL. This trend has been observed worldwide. Nigerian researchers are advised that while going along with the worldwide trend, they should however, be aware of predatory OA journals and publishers. The criteria for determining predatory OA publishers can be accessed via: www.scholarlyoa.com/publishers.

  7. Keeping It Real: A Toledo Public School Prepares Students for College and Career

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubin, Jennifer

    2014-01-01

    In this article, author Jennifer Dubin offers a look into the innovations taking place in the Toledo Technology Academy (TTA), a career-tech school within the public school system in Toledo, Ohio. TTA teaches students in grades 7 through 12 using a science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) curriculum, in addition to the traditional…

  8. The Public Library's Role in Non-Traditional Study. Commissioned Papers Project, Teachers College, No. 6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houle, Cyril O.

    The public library is part of a large and complex network of institutions which provide nontraditional, continuing education to adults. Attempts have been made to ally these institutions in a single coordinated approach to community-based education, the ideal being a "communiversity"--a federation of all the educational and cultural forces of a…

  9. Working to Alleviate Gendered Violence on College Campuses by Designing Public Service Announcement Storyboards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staggers, Sydney M.; Myers, Scott A.

    2011-01-01

    Gendered violence is considered to be the "physical, verbal, emotional, sexual, and visual brutality that is inflicted disproportionately or exclusively on members of one sex". According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2010), gendered violence is a major public health concern that often goes unnoticed because it takes place in private…

  10. COMPREHENSIVE JUNIOR COLLEGES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    NIKITAS, CHRISTUS M.; AND OTHERS

    TO MEET THE STATE'S HIGHER EDUCATION NEEDS, THE NEW HAMPSHIRE JUNIOR COLLEGE COMMISSION DEVELOPED A PLAN OF (1) GRADUAL AND SELECTIVE CONVERSION OF THE STATE'S TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS TO COMPREHENSIVE JUNIOR COLLEGES, (2) SELECTIVE ADDITION OF 2-YEAR PROGRAMS AT THE STATE COLLEGES AND INSTITUTES, AND (3) ESTABLISHMENT OF A STATE…

  11. Layers of Influence: Exploring Institutional- and State-Level Effects on College Student Views toward Access to Public Education for Undocumented Immigrants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garibay, Juan C.; Herrera, Felisha A.; Johnston-Guerrero, Marc P.; Garcia, Gina A.

    2016-01-01

    Providing undocumented immigrants access to public education remains a pertinent issue facing both institutions of higher education and state governments. While instate resident tuition (ISRT) has remained a contentious policy, little is known about how such policies, as well as other state contexts, influence college students' attitudes toward…

  12. Journalism and Student Publications in American Junior Colleges; A Directory of Programs and Personnel with Selective Interpretation and Recommendations. Revised Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deaver, Frank

    The directory presents data defining the scope of journalism instruction in the nation's two-year colleges. Entries for each institution are given alphabetically within states and include: journalism courses offered; journalism instructors and their background, experience, and responsibilities; student publications produced and pertinent…

  13. The Enrollment Right of Public Colleges from the Perspective of Administrative Law%对公立高校招生权的行政法透视

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪秋慧

    2012-01-01

    目前,围绕公立高校招生权产生的法律纠纷日渐增多。从法律性质上讲,教育行政部门与公立高等学校分工合作模式下的高校招生权属于行政权,公立高校高度自主模式下的高校招生权也属于行政权,市场运作模式下的高校招生权属于民事权利。对行政权属性的公立高校招生权的司法审查原则包括正当法律程序原则、行政公平原则、依据社会公认价值进行判断的原则和执行不停止原则。%Currently,the legal disputes arising from the enrollment right of public colleges have been increasing.On legal nature,in the mode of the division of labor and cooperation between the educational administrative departments and public colleges,the right of college enrollment is administrative right;under the mode of public college's high degree of autonomy,the right of college enrollment is administrative right;in the mode of the operation of the market,the right of college enrollment is civil rights.The principles of the due process,administrative fairness,judging by the universally recognized value and non-stop implementation are the principle of judicial review of the right of public college enrollment belonging to the nature of administrative right.

  14. Top Gap Closers: Some Public Four-Year Colleges and Universities Have Made Good Progress in Closing Graduation-Rate Gaps. College Results Online

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engle, Jennifer; Theokas, Christina

    2010-01-01

    Nearly all high school seniors today aspire to pursue higher education because they know that a college degree offers them the best opportunity to realize the American Dream. Indeed, college-going rates are up considerably for all students over the last 30 years. At the same time, however, racial gaps in degree attainment actually have grown, even…

  15. Analysis of Status of Self-esteem of College Students in the Public and Pri-mary Medical Colleges%公办与民办医学院校大学生自尊现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐洪岩; 傅茂笋

    2016-01-01

    大学生的自尊与心理健康有着密不可分的联系,自尊已经成为大学生心理健康的关键指标。如今,民办与公办医学院校大学生自尊存在很大的差异性,导致这种差异存在的因素比较多。该文详细分析大学生自尊现状以及差异性存在的原因,认为应在全员育人理念的指导下,有针对性地进行分析研究,并针对存在的问题及时调整对策。%With the rapid development of society and ever increasing social rhythm, the employment pressure of college students is rising, and in terms of age, the college students have entered into the adult stage, but their minds are not very mature, facing the fierce social competition, they are difficult to truly resolve the confusion, thus leading to mental issues. The research shows that the self-esteem of college students is closely related to the mental health, and the self-esteem has been the key indicator of mental health of college students, now, there is a big difference in the self-esteem of college stu-dents between the public and primary medical colleges with many causes, and the teachers and education managers in the medical colleges must analyze the difference causes of self-esteem of college students in detail, and we should carry out the targeted analysis and research and adjust strategies in time for the existing issues under the concept of total education.

  16. Evidence-based case selection: An innovative knowledge management method to cluster public technical and vocational education and training colleges in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margaretha M. Visser

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Case studies are core constructs used in information management research. A persistent challenge for business, information management and social science researchers is how to select a representative sample of cases among a population with diverse characteristics when convenient or purposive sampling is not considered rigorous enough. The context of the study is post-school education, and it involves an investigation of quantitative methods of clustering the population of public technical and vocational education and training (TVET colleges in South Africa into groups with a similar level of maturity in terms of their information systems.Objectives: The aim of the study was to propose an evidence-based quantitative method for the selection of cases for case study research and to demonstrate the use and usefulness thereof by clustering public TVET colleges.Method: The clustering method was based on the use of a representative characteristic of the context, as a proxy. In this context of management information systems (MISs, website maturity was used as a proxy and website maturity model theory was used in the development of an evaluation questionnaire. The questionnaire was used for capturing data on website characteristics, which was used to determine website maturity. The websites of the 50 public TVET colleges were evaluated by nine evaluators. Multiple statistical techniques were applied to establish inter-rater reliability and to produce clusters of colleges.Results: The analyses revealed three clusters of public TVET colleges based on their website maturity levels. The first cluster includes three colleges with no websites or websites at a low maturity level. The second cluster consists of 30 colleges with websites at an average maturity level. The third cluster contains 17 colleges with websites at a high maturity level.Conclusion: The main contribution to the knowledge domain is an innovative quantitative method employing a

  17.  Final review of the Séralini et al. (2012a publication on a 2-year rodent feeding study with glyphosate formulations and GM maize NK603 as published online on 19 September 2012 in Food and Chemical Toxicology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    European Food Safety Authority

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available On 19 September 2012, Séralini et al. published online in the scientific journal Food and Chemical Toxicology a publication describing a 2-year feeding study in rats investigating the health effects of genetically modified maize NK603 with and without Roundup WeatherMAX® and Roundup® GT Plus alone (both are glyphosate-containing plant protection products. As requested by the European Commission, EFSA reviewed this publication taking into consideration assessments conducted by Member States and any clarification given by the authors. The assessments of Member States and EFSA revealed an overall agreement. The study as reported by Séralini et al. was found to be inadequately designed, analysed and reported. The authors of Séralini et al. provided a limited amount of relevant additional information in their answer to critics published in the journal Food and Chemical Toxicology. Taking into consideration Member States’ assessments and the authors’ answer to critics, EFSA reaches similar conclusions as in its first Statement (EFSA 2012. The study as described by Séralini et al. does not allow giving weight to their results and conclusions as published. Conclusions cannot be drawn on the difference in tumour incidence between treatment groups on the basis of the design, the analysis and the results as reported. Taking into consideration Member States’ assessments and the authors’ answer to critics, EFSA finds that the study as reported by Séralini et al. is of insufficient scientific quality for safety assessments. EFSA concludes that the currently available evidence does not impact on the ongoing re-evaluation of glyphosate and does not call for the reopening of the safety evaluations of maize NK603 and its related stacks. EFSA’s evaluation of the Séralini et al. article is in keeping with its role to review relevant scientific literature for risk assessment on an ongoing basis to ensure that the advice it provides is up-to-date.

  18. Scientific Research and Evaluation in Public Security Colleges Based on Scientific Measurement%基于科学计量学的公安院校与评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱营周

    2015-01-01

    Academic research of the public security colleges is still lack of the subject foundation, and has lower social influence. Scientific research foundation of public security colleges is weak, scientific research con?sciousness is not strong and the research level is low. Promoting the development of scientific research in public security colleges needs some evaluation mechanisms. Through scientific research evaluation, the scientific re?search achievements of public security colleges in a certain period of time are analyzed, we can find the close de?gree of the combination between scientific research and public security work and the transfer degree of scientific research achievements, which provide the basis for the supervision, forecast, adjustment and control of scientific research management activities and scientific research decision-making. In particular, it can provide some theo?retical support for the construction of discipline.%公安院校开展学术研究尚缺乏依赖的学科基础,社会影响力较低.通过科研评价,对一定时期内公安院校科研成果采用科学的方法进行分析,能够发现其科学研究与公安工作结合的紧密度及科研成果转化程度,为监督、预测、调控科研管理活动及科研决策提供依据,特别是对于学科建设能为其构建提供一定的理论支撑.

  19. 大学生网络舆论从众心理的探究%Research on the Network Public Opinion Herd Mentality of College Student

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许杭璐; 昝琪

    2013-01-01

    With the development of the internet,public opinion of network behavior of college students nowadays is a new means of communication ,College Students' network public opinion based on rational expression, But because of extensive content of network public opinion,Uneven formation of some good and some bad information source of network public opinion, there are so many college students network public opinion conformity Phenomenon. The students put forward a constructive guidance: To improve college students to network information judgment and resistance, reform from the bottom to purify information environment, Pay attention to the network moral, guide students in Psychology.%随着网络的发展,网络舆论行为是大学生当下一种新的交际方式。大学生网络舆论以理性表达为主,但由于网络舆论内容广泛性,网络舆论形成的信息来源良莠不齐,从而出现众多大学生网络舆论从众现象。由此对大学生提出有建设性的指导意见:提高大学生对网络信息的判断力和抵制力;正本清源,努力净化信息环境;关注网络道德,正确引导学生心理。

  20. Policy Transparency and College Enrollment: Did the Texas Top 10% Law Broaden Access to the Public Flagships?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Mark C; Saenz, Victor B; Tienda, Marta

    2010-01-01

    By guaranteeing college admission to all students who graduate in the top 10% of their high school class, H.B. 588 replaced an opaque de facto practice of admitting nearly all top 10% graduates with a transparent de jure policy that required public institutions to admit all applicants eligible for the guarantee. The transparency of the new admission regime sent a clear message to students attending high schools that previously sent few students to the University of Texas at Austin and Texas A&M University. Using 18 years of administrative data to examine sending patterns, we find a sizeable decrease in the concentration of flagship enrollees originating from select feeder schools and growing shares of enrollees originating from high schools located in rural areas, small towns, and midsize cities, as well as schools with concentrations of poor and minority students. We also find substantial year-to-year persistence in sending behavior once a campus becomes a sending school, and this persistence increased after the top-10% policy was implemented.

  1. Medical Care and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Play, and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Growth and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Communication and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Childproofing and Preventing Household Accidents Movement, Coordination, and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Sleep and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Your Child's Checkup: 15 Months Your Child's Checkup: 1.5 ...

  2. The Effect of a High School Speech Course on Public Speaking Anxiety for Students in a College-Level Public Speaking Class

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Karen Hill

    2012-01-01

    Literature suggested public speaking is American's most feared activity. Additionally, the public speaking curriculum was removed from the K-12 school system after 2001. This study aimed to examine the effect of previous public speaking instruction, public speaking extra-curricular activity, gender, and self-esteem on public speaking anxiety…

  3. The Effect of a High School Speech Course on Public Speaking Anxiety for Students in a College-Level Public Speaking Class

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Karen Hill

    2012-01-01

    Literature suggested public speaking is American's most feared activity. Additionally, the public speaking curriculum was removed from the K-12 school system after 2001. This study aimed to examine the effect of previous public speaking instruction, public speaking extra-curricular activity, gender, and self-esteem on public speaking anxiety…

  4. College Expansion and Curriculum Choice

    OpenAIRE

    Kaganovich, Michael; Su, Xuejuan

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzes the impact of college enrollment expansion on student academic achievements and labor market outcomes in the context of competition among colleges. When public policies promote “access” to college education, colleges adjust their curricula: Less selective public colleges adopt a less demanding curriculum in order to accommodate the influx of less able students. As we argue in the paper, this adjustment benefits low-ability college students at the expense of those of medium...

  5. Comparative Study of Freshmen College Student Beliefs and Values between Representative Private and Public Institutions of Higher Education in Kentucky

    Science.gov (United States)

    Combs, Brian S.

    2009-01-01

    Students entering college for the first time are embarking on a life-changing journey like none they have experienced. The potential impact the college experience will have on their lives is extreme. Students will be engaged in class and co-curricular settings in ways that will challenge them to produce developmental growth that will carry them…

  6. A Critique of Race Relations Theory as Applied to Public Policy: The Case of Historically Black Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, William H.

    American race relations theory is applied to the conceptualization of assimilation in America and to problems in planning in higher education desegregation. Black colleges can be viewed as microcosms of American race relations in their patterns of conflict, accommodation, and assimilation. The conflict over the propriety of black colleges' claims…

  7. Underage College Students' Drinking Behavior, Access to Alcohol, and the Influence of Deterrence Policies: Findings from the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wechsler, Henry; Lee, Jae Eun; Nelson, Toben F.; Kuo, Meichun

    2002-01-01

    Used data from college alcohol surveys conducted between 1993-01 to compare underage students' and older students' drinking behaviors, access to alcohol, and exposure to prevention. While underage drinking rates decreased, binge drinking rates remained constant. Underage students' frequent binge drinking and related problems increased. College…

  8. Transfer Students from California Community Colleges: A Narrative Approach to Understanding the Social Capital and Institutional Factors That Lead to a Timely Transfer to a Public, Four-Year University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hermoso, Katrina Virata

    2013-01-01

    The unique experiences of community college transfer students have not been explored at public, four-year universities. Most of the research on the experiences of community college students is based on quantitative research methods, which fail to provide a comprehensive understanding of the nature of students' lived experiences. This qualitative…

  9. Factors affecting peer-reviewed publication of abstracts presented at meetings of the European College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists (2008-2012).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ofri, Ron; Bdolah-Abram, Tali; Yair, Nadav

    2017-03-01

    To review abstracts presented at five consecutive meetings of the European College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists (ECVO), and identify abstract characteristics that affect the probability of their publication in peer-reviewed journals. An online search was conducted for peer-reviewed publications (PRPs) stemming from abstracts from five ECVO meetings (2008-2012). Time to publication and journal were noted. Effects of ocular tissue/discipline, species, type of presentation and study, funding acknowledgment and affiliation, professional qualifications, and nationality of the first and last authors on probability of publication were analyzed. Of presented abstracts, 29% (87/299) were published as PRPs in Veterinary Ophthalmology (n = 50), other veterinary journals (n = 22), and nonveterinary journals (n = 15). During the 5 years studied, there was no significant difference between the impact factor of Veterinary Ophthalmology and the 25 other journals in which PRPs were published (P = 0.369). Median time to PRP acceptance or publication was 468 days. Independent variables most significant in determining the probability of PRP were oral presentation (P = 0.002), resident authorship (P < 0.0001), and species (P = 0.002), with food animal abstracts having the highest odds ratio. Ocular tissue/discipline (P = 0.13) and type of study (P = 0.33) did not affect publication probability. Funding acknowledgment (P = 0.02), author nationality (P = 0.02), and academic affiliation (P = 0.04) were also significant factors. Publication rate of ECVO abstracts is lower, but time to publication is similar, compared with most biomedical meetings. © 2017 American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists.

  10. 我国独立学院大学生公关素质培养模式研究%Research on the Cultivation Mode of College Students' Quality of Public Relations in China's Independent Col-leges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳媛; 阳运清

    2013-01-01

    The quality of public relations of an important part of a personal overall quality, and college students' quality of public relations is a key factor in their healthy growth, but also an an important factor influencing the sustained and healthy develop-ment of the whole society. Training independent college students' quality of public relations will help improve their competitiveness in employment and entrepreneurship, promote their comprehen-sive development, and meet the social development needs of per-sonnel training. In this paper, the training mode of independent college students' quality of public relations is analyzed and ex-plored.%公关素质是一个人综合素质的重要组成部分,大学生的公关素质是影响其健康成长的关键因素之一,也是关系整个社会持续健康发展的重要因素。独立院校作为一种新的办学模式,注重培养大学生的公关素质有利于提高毕业生的就业、创业竞争能力,促进大学生全面发展,满足社会发展对人才培养的需要。本文就独立学院大学生公关素质培养模式进行分析、探讨。

  11. Tobacco use among fourth year Bachelor of Science in Public Health (BSPH) students of the College of Public Health: University of the Philippines Manila, academic year 2012-2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guevarra, Jonathan P; Cordova, Renerio Q; Mercado, Chris Erwin G; Asaad, Abubakar S

    2014-10-01

    This study determines the prevalence of tobacco use among graduating Public Health students at the College of Public Health, University of the Philippines Manila. It also describes the exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, attitudes, behaviors and smoking cessation training of students. This study used a descriptive cross-sectional study design, adapting a standard questionnaire, pretested and administered to 52 Bachelor of Science in Public Health (BSPH) students at the College of Public Health, University of the Philippines Manila. Data generated from the survey were encoded using Epi Info version 3.5.4 and analyzed using Stata version 12. The prevalence of smoking among 4th year BSPH students was 5.8 % (current smokers). In the past 7 days, respondents have been exposed to secondhand smoke (44 % where they live; 79 % in places other than where they live). Majority were aware of the official policy on smoking ban in school, however, 80 % said that the policy is not enforced. Majority had favorable attitudes in terms of banning tobacco sales to adolescents, banning advertising of tobacco products, banning smoking in restaurants, discos/bars/pubs and enclosed public places. Majority of the respondents also believed that health professionals should get specific training on cessation techniques, that they do serve as role models, and that they have a role in giving advice about smoking cessation. More than three-quarters (76.9 %) of students said that health professionals who smoke are less likely to advise patients to quit. Most of the graduating students learned about the dangers of smoking, importance of obtaining tobacco use history, and providing educational support materials in their public health education but only a few received formal training about smoking cessation approaches. The implementation of the no-smoking policy of the university must be revisited. Smoking cessation approaches should be incorporated in the public health curriculum and the role

  12. [Results of 2 years of activity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panigazzi, M

    2010-01-01

    Work-related injuries and occupational diseases are a scourge of modern, western societies, which, although technologically advanced, have difficulty in preventing, treating and rehabilitating victims with speed and efficiency. The current hospital neuromotor rehabilitation centres, whether public or accredited private structures, have notable difficulty in meeting the demand, which despite annual fluctuations and variable needs, does not, overall, seem to be decreasing. We present the results of an organization model developed at the "Fondazione Maugeri" Scientific Institute (Pavia, Italy), the criteria used for the activity, the technological innovations employed to determine ability, and the prospects for further development. This model is effective from a health care-rehabilitative point of view, also in the light of the new legislative scenarios, and is sustainable from an economic points of view; overall it is, therefore, efficient.

  13. Growth and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Table: Avoiding Power Struggles Toddlers: Learning by Playing Sleep and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Feeding Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Movement, Coordination, and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Learning, Play, and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Your Child's Growth Your Child's Checkup: 1.5 Years (18 Months) ...

  14. A 25-year analysis of the American College of Gastroenterology research grant program: factors associated with publication and advancement in academics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crockett, Seth D; Dellon, Evan S; Bright, Stephanie D; Shaheen, Nicholas J

    2009-05-01

    The American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) has awarded research grants for 25 years. We assessed the characteristics of grant recipients, their current academic status, and the likelihood of publication resulting from the grant. Demographic data, the year and amount of award, title of project, and recipient's institution were extracted from ACG databases. Using ACG reports and medical literature search engines, we assessed publication based on grant-funded research, as well as career publication record. We also determined the current position of awardees. A similar analysis was performed for recipients of junior investigator awards. A total of 396 clinical research awards totaling $5,374,497 ($6,867,937 in 2008 dollars) were awarded to 341 recipients in the 25 years between 1983 and 2008. The most commonly funded areas of research were endoscopy (22% of awards) and motility/functional disorders (21%). At least one peer-reviewed publication based on grant-funded research occurred with 255 of the 368 awards (69%) for 1983-2006 [corrected]. Higher award value was associated with subsequent publication. Of the 313 awardees over the same period, 195 (62%) are currently in academic positions [corrected]. Factors associated with staying in academics included higher award value (P advanced degree, and publication were associated with careers in academics. The ACG research grant award program is an important engine of investigation, publication, and academic career development in the field of gastroenterology.

  15. 新疆医学院校大学生舆情管理工作现状探析%Situation analysis of public opinion management work of college students in Xinjiang medical colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁健; 叶缤

    2014-01-01

    Leap-forward development of Xinjiang brought the multicultural impact characteristics makes the public opinion of Xinjiang university students showed diverse and complex trend. College students have a high degree of social concern, but lack of rational and objective analysis of events, which easy to produce extreme emotions and cause group intensification. Strengthen the management of public opinion of college students in Xinjiang have a great significance to the construction of the socialist harmonious of Xinjiang and build a harmonious campus. This paper wants to find out the existing problems in the management process and proposed the corresponding suggestion through the analysis of present situation of public opinion management of the medical college students in Xinjiang.%新疆跨越式发展带来的多元文化冲击,使得新疆医学院校大学生的舆情特点呈现多样化、复杂化趋势。大学生对社会热点关注度高,但缺乏对事件理性、客观的分析,容易产生极端情绪,造成群体激化事件。加强新疆医学院校大学生舆情管理,对构建社会主义和谐新疆、维护校园稳定建设美好和谐校园具有重大意义。本文通过对新疆医学院校大学生舆情管理现状的分析,分析管理过程中存在的问题,提出了相应的对策和建议。

  16. “微文化”下高校网络舆情工作维稳功能探究%“Exploring Micro-culture”in Colleges and Universities under the Network Public Opinion Work Oriented Function

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周凡

    2014-01-01

    当前,高校的信息化程度在逐步提高,尤其是网络“微文化”的出现,为大学生了解公共事务、表达利益诉求提供了便利途径,网络舆情的影响力不断增强。如何保证高校网络舆情健康发展,形成和谐稳健的舆情环境,显得尤为重要。本文基于网络舆情视角,探析高校网络舆情工作的现实表征,梳理高校网络舆情维稳工作存在的困境与挑战,构建高校网络舆情工作维稳功能的实现路径,对于改善和调整高校网络舆情工作现状有着积极的促进作用。%At present, the degree of information in Colleges and universities gradually improved, especially network“micro culture”, express interests provides a convenient way for college students to understand the public affairs, and constantly enhance the network public opinion, influence. How to ensure the healthy development of college network public opinion, the formation of public opinion environment harmonious sound, it is particularly important. In this paper, based on the perspective of network public opinion, realistic characterization of college network public opinion work, combing the college network public opinion dimension stability difficulties and challenges exist, the realization path of constructing the network public opinion work oriented function, it plays a positive role in promoting the improvement and adjustment of working status of College network public opinion.

  17. [For the improvement of management and assurance in clinical laboratories of education hospitals--from the meeting of clinical laboratory members of public university or college hospitals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Hiroshi

    2004-03-01

    Clinical laboratory members, composed of medical doctors, laboratory technologists and office staff from 8 public university or college hospitals and one medical center, have an annual meeting, in which achievements including tested numbers, income, outsourcing ratio, and so on were reported and various agendas from each institution were discussed. The number of agendas for general discussion and in the technologist division has been increasing, which reflects that variables, including management in clinical laboratories, needing solutions have been increasing. Information obtained through discussion could help in the determination of management and the improvement of education and quality assurance in clinical laboratories.

  18. Medical Care and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Old Feeding Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Medical Care and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old KidsHealth > For Parents > Medical Care and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old ... A The toddler months continue to bring the medical challenges of colds , scrapes and bruises, and other ...

  19. Feeding Your 1- to 2-Year-Old

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Old Feeding Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Feeding Your 1- to 2-Year-Old KidsHealth > For Parents > Feeding Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Print A ... calories. Your toddler will continue to explore self-feeding, first with fingers and then with utensils at ...

  20. The "Virtual Face" of Distance Learning at Public Colleges and Universities: What Do Websites Reveal about Administrative Student Support Services?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Stephanie J.; Meyer, Katrina A.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated how higher education institutions support their distance learning initiatives through their institutional websites--their "virtual face." The population was 40 institutions, of which 10 each were doctoral/research, master, baccalaureate, and community college, located in 40 different states. Using a researcher-developed…

  1. Price Discrimination and Public Policy in the U.S. College Market. Employment Research Newsletter. Volume 23, Number 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fillmore, Ian

    2016-01-01

    The federal government has made a policy choice to share Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) information with colleges. This arrangement has been viewed as an administrative detail by students, parents, policymakers, and even economists. The results of this study demonstrate that this seemingly unimportant administrative detail is…

  2. Changing Course: Thurgood Marshall College Fund President Johnny Taylor Seeks New Partnerships and Avenues of Support for Public HBCUs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuart, Reginald

    2011-01-01

    When veteran educator Dr. N. Joyce Payne handed the reins of the organization she founded, the Thurgood Marshall College Fund, to entertainment lawyer and board member Johnny Taylor, Taylor began pursuing a remake of the prestigious group that has turned it on its head in just a matter of months. Today, with just more than a year of leading the…

  3. Why the Boys Are Missing: Using Social Capital to Explain Gender Differences in College Enrollment for Public High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klevan, Sarah; Weinberg, Sharon L.; Middleton, Joel A.

    2016-01-01

    In 1960, over 60 % of bachelor degrees were awarded to men. However, the rate of women's college completion has steadily risen and, by 2004, women received nearly 60 % of bachelor degrees. Drawing on the theoretical contributions of James Coleman, this paper examines the ability of social capital to explain observed differences in college…

  4. An Exploration of Factors Influencing Career Progression of Tutors in Public Primary Teachers' Training Colleges in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muchanje, Peter N.; Njuguna, Felicita W.; Kalai, Jeremiah M.; Bironga, Sophia M.

    2016-01-01

    The study sought to determine the influence of gender, Teachers Service Commission (TSC) adherence to career progression policy guidelines and tutors' exposure to professional development on career progression of tutors in primary teachers training colleges in Kenya. This study was a descriptive survey with 264 tutors randomly sampled from eight…

  5. Not yet Sold: What Employers and Community College Students Think about Online Education. A Taking Stock Report from Public Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Public Agenda, 2013

    2013-01-01

    New survey data from employers and community college students raise important questions about the state of online education today. Both groups remain skeptical about the value of this fast-spreading mode of learning. Important findings from this research include the following:(1) Most employers would prefer a job applicant with a traditional…

  6. Partnership Development with Public Schools, Colleges, and School-to-Work Consortia To Support a Performance-based Curricula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curoe, Robin

    2000-01-01

    Describes the Wisconsin Instructional Design System (WIDS), a partnership between colleges and industry that developed an instructional design model, software, video course for professional development, and training and consulting to enhance instructional effectiveness. Describes uses in secondary schools for performance-based instruction to…

  7. 高职高专公共英语教学之我见%My Views on Public English Teaching in Vocational Higher Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    满江红

    2012-01-01

    本文根据教育部高教司规定的高职英语"以实用为主,应用为目的"教学目标,分析了目前我国高职高专公共英语教学的现状和问题,并结合教学改革趋势与自己的教学实践,对提高高职公共英语教学的实用性、职业性提出了一些对策和建议,以期更好地实现高职高专人才培养目标,为我国经济发展做出贡献。%Based on the teaching aims "practice-oriented and for the purpose of application" set by Department of Higher Education,Ministry of Education,the paper analyzes the status quo and problems of public English teaching in vocational higher colleges.On the basis of the trend in teaching reform and the author’s own teaching practice,the paper brings forward some strategies and suggestions on how to make public English teaching in vocational higher colleges more practical and professional in order to realize the aims and make contributions to the economic development of our country.

  8. Community College Employee Wellness Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornton, L. Jay; Johnson, Sharon

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes the prevalence and characteristics of employee wellness programs in public community colleges accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS). A random sample of 250 public community colleges accredited by SACS was mailed a 46-item employee-wellness program survey. The survey solicited program information…

  9. 高校公共艺术教育异化及回归路径%A Study of the Alienation and Return Path of the College Public Art Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周娟

    2016-01-01

    The development of public art education in China and its unique role has become more and more important to colleges. Through an empirical analysis of the current situation and effectiveness of college public art education, the phenomenon of alienation, as well as the artistic quality of the post-90th generation college students, the paper analyzed the difficulties in the development of college public art education. It investigated public art education from the point of view of publicity by referring to art , education, and pointed out that it was of great value to perceive art and education with publicity as the premise and foundation.%公共艺术教育对培养大学生创新思维、提升大学生综合涵养、发掘大学生创造潜能等方面的独特作用越来越凸显。文章对90后大学生的艺术素养进行了实证分析,揭示了高校公共艺术教育的异化现象,提出了回归路径。

  10. Publication rates of manuscript presentations at the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons Annual Scientific Conference between 1999 and 2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roukis, Thomas S

    2011-01-01

    Publication is the ultimate desired end point of scientific research. However, oral manuscript presentations of research studies are often referenced in textbooks, journal articles, and industry white papers, and, as a result, influence treatment care plans. No data exist for the actual publication rate of podiatric foot and ankle surgery oral manuscript presentations. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the actual publication rates of oral manuscript presentations at the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons (ACFAS) Annual Scientific Conference over 10 years. Print or electronic media for the ACFAS Annual Scientific Conference official program between 1999 and 2008 were obtained. Each year's official program was hand searched for any oral manuscript presentation, and, when identified, the title and authors were individually searched through electronic internet-based search engines to determine whether an oral manuscript presentation had been followed by publication of a full-text article. Additionally, pertinent journals were hand searched for potential articles. A total of 67.5% (139/206) oral manuscript presentations were ultimately published in 1 of 12 medical journals in a mean of 14.5 months. All journals except one (91.7%) represented peer-reviewed journals. The publication rate of oral manuscript presentations at the ACFAS Annual Scientific Conference is similar to or greater than orthopaedic subspecialties, including foot and ankle surgery, publication rates. Based on the above, attendees of the ACFAS Annual Scientific Conference should be aware that the majority of oral manuscript material presented at the ACFAS Annual Scientific Conference can be considered as accurate because they survive the rigors of the peer-review process more than two thirds of the time.

  11. Analysis on the Plight of Normal College Public Pedagogy Teaching%分析高师公共教育学教学的困境

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季思远

    2014-01-01

    公共教育教学的质量一直是高等师范院校一个较大的难题,实现良好的教学效果难度很大。通过分析,我们的教师专业发展水平进程缓慢的根本原因,是由于部分高等师范院校没有找到明确有效的实施方法,公共教育出现问题的直接原因是教材规划有缺失,教师的实践经验欠缺。因此要想彻底解决公共教育学教学难题,我们必须认识到社会环境的宏观思维,办学思想,从学科的任课教师选择优质教材体系改革,建立综合的管理方案。%The quality of public education has been a large problem of higher normal college;it's difficult to achieve great teaching effect. By analyzing the level of teachers' professional development of our fundamental reason for the slow process, because some of Normal Colleges did not find clear and effective implementation of the method, the direct cause of the prob-lem is the emergence of public education materials planning missing, classroom teacher does not appear practical high phe-nomenon. Therefore, in order to completely change the public pedagogy problem, we must recognize that the macro-thinking social environment, school of thought, the choice of quality materials from classroom teachers discipline system reform, es-tablish an integrated management program.

  12. How to Stimulate Students to Learn "College Chinese Language" in Public Security Colleges%激发公安院校大学生学习《大学语文》的兴趣

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐明霞

    2011-01-01

    This paper reveals some problems such as boring teaching approach, students" low motive for learning, dull class teaching and low teaching efficiency in learning college Chinese in public security colleges. Some proposals are given. Namely, to create teaching system of mode, make full use of teaching sources, improve multimedia environment, interactive teaching and learning and create new ideas for editing textbooks. The reform is expected to make the teaching practical to the practice and the times.%本文以公安院校《大学语文》教学改革为契机,揭示《大学语文》教学中教法单一、学生厌学、课堂缺乏活力、教学效率不高等瓶颈问题,并在此基础上提出了加速构建模块教学体系、整合教学资源、优化多媒体教学环境、倡导互动研讨式教学和创新教材编写理念等建义,旨在提升学生学习《大学语文》的兴趣,使之教学更贴近现实,更赋予时代性和实用性。

  13. College science teachers' views of classroom inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Patrick L.; Abell, Sandra K.; Demir, Abdulkadir; Schmidt, Francis J.

    2006-09-01

    The purposes of this study were to (a) gain an understanding of the views of inquiry held by faculty members involved in undergraduate science teaching and (b) describe the challenges, constraints, and opportunities that they perceived in designing and teaching inquiry-based laboratories. Participants included 19 college professors, representing both life and physical science disciplines, from (a) 2-year community college, (b) small, private nonprofit liberal arts college, (c) public master's granting university, and (d) public doctoral/research extensive university. We collected data through semistructured interviews and applied an iterative data analysis process. College science faculty members held a full and open inquiry view, seeing classroom inquiry as time consuming, unstructured, and student directed. They believed that inquiry was more appropriate for upper level science majors than for introductory or nonscience majors. Although faculty members valued inquiry, they perceived limitations of time, class size, student motivation, and student ability. These limitations, coupled with their view of inquiry, constrained them from implementing inquiry-based laboratories. Our proposed inquiry continuum represents a broader view of inquiry that recognizes the interaction between two dimensions of inquiry: (a) the degree of inquiry and (b) the level of student directedness, and provides for a range of inquiry-based classroom activities.

  14. The Survival of the Two Year College (!?!).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirkwood, Robert

    Issues that are basic to the present and future well being of 2-year colleges are discussed. These issues concern the need for 2-year colleges to rid themselves of their inferiority complex and to provide: broadened possibilities for curricular development; opportunity for helping people of all ages and background fulfill their educational needs;…

  15. 高校公共音乐教育实践辨析%Analysis of the Practice of Public Music Education in Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章蔓丽

    2016-01-01

    Through an analysis of the function, development status and educational practices of public music educa⁃tion in colleges and universities, a scientific, standardized and reasonable management system of public music educa⁃tion is established, in order to reconstruct proper teaching operation in practice and improve the public music educa⁃tion in the specific methods and contents.%通过对高校公共音乐教育的作用、发展现状及教育实践等方面的评析,拟建立科学、规范、合理的公共音乐教育管理体制,旨在重构公共音乐教育在实践中的恰当教学操作,提出改善公共音乐教育在具体方法和内容上的可行性建设策略。

  16. Invisible colleges, private patronage and commercial profits versus public goods, government funding and 'crowding-out': Terence Kealey on the motivations and incentives driving science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charlton, Bruce G

    2009-02-01

    What kind of a thing is science and how does it work? [Kealey T. Sex, science and profits: In a recent book (Sex, science and profits: how people evolved to make money. London: William Heinemann; 2008) (p. 455)] Terence Kealey argues persuasively that the motivations driving science are widely misunderstood. Science is often assumed to be useful to the public but an economic loser for the scientist and his or her paymasters - in other words, science is supposed to be a 'public good'. The public good argument is used to support large-scale government funding of science, on the basis that if government does not fund science it will not be funded adequately. But Kealey argues that most science is profitable to commercial organizations, and other types of worthwhile science will be supported by private patronage. Yet excessive government funding tends to 'crowd-out' potential private sources of funding - both by replacing and by deterring private investment. And scientists are not primarily motivated by money, but instead by striving for status within the 'invisible college' of active researchers in their field. Kealey's take-home message is that overall and in the long-term, science neither requires nor benefits from government funding. Scientific research would be better-served by private funding from commercial organizations that are seeking profit, combined with patronage from charities and foundations that regard science as intrinsically valuable.

  17. 高校校园网络舆情的特点与对策研究%The Features of Public Opinion of College Campus Network and Countermeasure Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹新燕

    2014-01-01

    网络的发展改变了大学生的生活方式和行为方式,网络舆情成为校园舆情的一个重要组成部分。高校网络舆情具有舆情内容丰富、舆情主体素质高、舆情形式轻幽默等特点;针对其特点,从进行议题设置、培养意见领袖、搭建互动平台、提高网络素养等方面对大学生网络舆情进行积极有效的引导,有利于保障校园的和谐稳定。%The development of Internet has changed the way life style and behavior of College students, network public opinion has become an important part of campus public opinion. The college network public opinion has the following characteristics: public opinion rich content, public opinion main high quality, public opinion form light humor; according to its characteristics, from the subject establishment, cultivation of opinion leaders, building an interactive platform, improve network literacy and other aspects of college students to actively and effectively guide the network public opinion, to guarantee the harmonious and stable campus.

  18. The effects of public self-consciousness and embarrassability on college student drinking: evidence in support of a protective self-presentational model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, Lizabeth A; Novak, Katherine B

    2013-01-01

    In this article we examine the effects of public self-consciousness (PSC) and a cross-situational reactivity to embarrassing encounters (EMB) on college students' levels of alcohol consumption by levels of perceived peer drinking. The analysis of self-report data from two undergraduate samples (n = 118 and n = 195) yielded virtually identical results and suggests that PSC and EMB affect alcohol use primarily among students with friends who drink heavily. Among these individuals, our findings are consistent with a protective self-presentational model. While PSC increased levels of alcohol consumption among students who believed drinking to be prevalent within their social circle if they were low in EMB, a susceptibility to embarrassment in response to the transgressions of self and others counteracted this tendency.

  19. Public Relations Definitions Through the Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harlow, Rex F.

    1977-01-01

    Traces public relations definitions in the twentieth century emphasizing the impact of publicity efforts. Available from: Public Relations Review, Ray Hiebert, Dean, College of Journalism, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742. (MH)

  20. College Library Public Image Management%高校图书馆公众形象管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘利芳

    2015-01-01

    文章首先阐述了高校图书馆公众形象管理的必要性,然后从形象定位、形象塑造及形象传播三方面阐述了公众形象管理的措施。%The article first discusses the necessity of public university library image management, and from the image orien-tation, image building and image communication three aspects to describe public image management measures.

  1. 从公共关系学视角看高校学生管理%Discussion on College Student Management from the View of Public Relations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨笑

    2016-01-01

    influenced by family environment ,living environment ,education environment and net‐work environment ,contemporary college students hold insightful views of life ,value and world ,which makes the management of college students becomes more challenging with obvious communication barri‐ers .As to management work of college students ,establishing better communication with students is not only the key measure for school to meet education requirement ,reach education goals and realize educa‐tion ideal but also an important task for schools to set up school image and maintain schools ’ public rela‐tions .Related theory and skill in public relation can effectively shorten the psychological distance be‐tween teachers and students ,relax uncomfortable communication atmosphere ,and establish mutual trust relations ,which has unneglectable function for clearing and preventing communication barriers .%受家庭环境、生活环境、教育环境以及网络环境的影响,当代大学生群体对人生观、价值观、世界观有着自己独到的理解。使今天的高校学生管理更加富有挑战,沟通障碍更为凸显。对于高校学生管理工作来说,与学生建立良好的沟通不仅是学校满足教育要求、达成教育目标、实现教育理想的关键手段,更是树立学校形象,维护学校公共关系的重要任务。公共关系学中相关理论与技巧可以有效的缩短师生间心理距离、缓解不适沟通氛围、建立相互信任关系,对高校学生管理沟通障碍的化解与预防有着不可小觑的作用。

  2. An Analysis of Future Publications, Career Choices, and Practice Characteristics of Research Presenters at an American College of Surgeons State Conference: A 15-Year Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Humera F; Jarman, Benjamin T; Kallies, Kara J; Shapiro, Stephen B

    The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires scholarly activity within general surgery residency programs. The association between in-training research presentations and postgraduation publications is unknown. We hypothesized that surgical trainee presentations at an American College of Surgeons (ACS) state chapter meeting resulted in peer-reviewed publications and future scholarly activity. The ACS Wisconsin state chapter meeting agendas from 2000 to 2014 were reviewed to identify all trainees who delivered podium presentations. A literature search was completed for subsequent publications. Program coordinators were queried and an electronic search was performed to determine practice location and type for each residency graduate. Wisconsin state chapter ACS meeting. General surgery residents, fellows, and medical students in Wisconsin. There were 288 podium presentations by trainees (76% residents, 20% medical students, and 4% fellows). Presentations were clinical (79.5%) and basic science (20.5%). There were 204 unique presenters; 25% presented at subsequent meetings. Of these unique presenters, 46% published their research and 31% published additional research after residency. Among presenters who completed residency or fellowship (N = 119), 34% practiced in a university setting, and 61% practiced in a community setting; 31% practiced in Wisconsin. When comparing clinical vs basic science presenters, there was no difference in fellowship completion (37% vs 44%; p = 0.190) or practice type (38% vs 46% in a university setting; p = 0.397). Repeat presenters were more likely to pursue a fellowship vs those presenting once (76% vs 37%; p = 0.001). Research presentations by surgical trainees at an ACS state chapter meeting frequently led to peer-reviewed publications. Presenters were likely to pursue research opportunities after residency. Repeat presenters were more likely to pursue a fellowship. ACS Wisconsin chapter meetings provide an

  3. "GotFlu Channel": An Online Syndromic Surveillance Tool Supporting College Health Practice and Public Health Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaeger, Valerie; Shick-Porter, Melodie; Moore, Deborah; Grant, Darrell; Wolfe, Valerie

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Develop a tool to ease the burden of H1N1 influenza on a campus clinic by promoting self-care, generating medical notes, and identifying vulnerable students. Participants: Students at Brock University, a mid-sized urban campus; Brock's Student Health Services; and Niagara Public Health. Methods: Students accessed a controlled portal of…

  4. A Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Model: Integrating Anxiety and Phobia Coping Strategies into Fundamentals of Public Speaking College Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oumano, Elena

    2005-01-01

    This study was designed to examine the effectiveness of the "Fear and Loathing of Speaking Out in Public" program. The program, a personal initiative, adapts primary features of the treatment offered by Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for clients suffering from fears and phobias. CBT strategies include progressive desensitization, identifying…

  5. Basic Issues in the Governmental Financing of Public Library Services. Commissioned Paper Project, Teachers College, No. 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, Rodney P.

    The present public library financing system is described and assessed, and the key issues for consideration in either reaffirming its continued use or in the development of new approaches are delineated. Special emphasis is given to illuminating those issues and factors affecting metropolitan areas--both core city and suburban fringes. The…

  6. The Impact of Philosophy and Theology Service-Learning Experiences upon the Public Service Motivation of Participating College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seider, Scott C.; Rabinowicz, Samantha A.; Gillmor, Susan C.

    2011-01-01

    This mixed-methods study demonstrates that the SERVE Program at Ignatius University strengthened the public service motivation of participating undergraduates by combining weekly community service with readings in philosophy and theology. These findings offer insights about the role that philosophy and theology service-learning experiences can…

  7. Regulating Commercial Speech in Public College and University Residence Halls: Revisiting the Case of American Future Systems, Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luna, Gene

    1987-01-01

    Considers the right to free speech guaranteed in the first amendment to the United States Constitution and discusses categories of public property and the standards of regulation applied to each in terms of freedom of speech. Reviews two court cases involving American Future Systems, Inc., a private corporation which sells cookware, silverware,…

  8. Upon Management of Public Opinion in Colleges and Universities%高校舆情管理体系的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周国明

    2013-01-01

    高校舆情有重要的实践意义,对其管理必须坚持教育性原则、系统性原则、扬长避短原则及求同存异原则。构建舆情管理体系、收集并处理舆情信息、以主流文化引导舆情、开展自律教育等舆情管理的基础工作。构建一个高效运转的舆情管理体系是舆情管理有效开展的前提与保障。%The practically significant management of public opinion in colleges and universities must adhere to the educational principles of systematicity, merits-taking and convergence. This work maintains that an efficient and systematic management mechanism can be constructed through streamlining public opinion, directing the opinion in line with mainstay culture, and implementing self-discipline education.

  9. Online medical professionalism: patient and public relationships: policy statement from the American College of Physicians and the Federation of State Medical Boards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farnan, Jeanne M; Snyder Sulmasy, Lois; Worster, Brooke K; Chaudhry, Humayun J; Rhyne, Janelle A; Arora, Vineet M

    2013-04-16

    User-created content and communications on Web-based applications, such as networking sites, media sharing sites, or blog platforms, have dramatically increased in popularity over the past several years, but there has been little policy or guidance on the best practices to inform standards for the professional conduct of physicians in the digital environment. Areas of specific concern include the use of such media for nonclinical purposes, implications for confidentiality, the use of social media in patient education, and how all of this affects the public's trust in physicians as patient-physician interactions extend into the digital environment. Opportunities afforded by online applications represent a new frontier in medicine as physicians and patients become more connected. This position paper from the American College of Physicians and the Federation of State Medical Boards examines and provides recommendations about the influence of social media on the patient-physician relationship, the role of these media in public perception of physician behaviors, and strategies for physician-physician communication that preserve confidentiality while best using these technologies.

  10. Research on financial risk control of public higher vocational colleges%公办高职高专院校的财务风险控制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔韬; 洪雨萍

    2014-01-01

    公办高职高专院校在财务风险存在财务风险意识薄弱,财务管理方式落后;资金来源不稳定,筹集资金方式单一;偿债风险大,财务管理运作不合理三大问题。主要因为各公办高职高专院校对成本管理缺乏足够的认识,支付风险较大;国家扶持政策不给力,发展高职教育事业力度不足;财务监管机制不完善,缺乏风险防范制度所致。为此,各公办高职高专院校应明确贷款规模,严格控制债务风险;拓宽融资渠道,确保筹资方式多样化;合理规划财务预算工作,加强贷款资金监管。%Public Higher Vocational Colleges is weak in the existence of financial risk financial risk awareness, the financial management is backward;the sources of instability, financing mode is single;the risk of debt, financial management is not reasonable three problems. Mainly because of the public higher vocational colleges are lack of knowledge of the cost management, the payment risk;national policies tosuck, development of higher vocational education is insufficient;financial supervisionmechanism is not perfect, lack of risk prevention system . Therefore, the public higher vocational schools should be clearly the size of the loan, strictly control the debt risk;broaden the financing channels, to ensure that the financing way diversification;reasonable planning work of financial budget, the loan funds to strengthen supervision.

  11. Photograph use on social network sites among South Korean college students: the role of public and private self-consciousness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shim, Minsun; Lee, Min Ju; Park, Sang Hee

    2008-08-01

    This study challenges theories of computer-mediated communication (CMC) that typically assume a lack of visual cues in CMC and conceptualize them as a situational factor. We examine individual differences in photo use on social network sites and link them to the dispositional tendency of self-consciousness (SC). Included were 231 students from one university in South Korea, who owned and maintained Cyworld profiles (called "mini-homepages"). Findings suggest that public SC, but not private SC, was positively associated with the higher frequency of posting photos, replying to comments on the photos, and scrapping photos on their mini-homepages. The frequency of posting specific content types of photos (concerning social relationships or life events) was also determined by participants' public SC but not by private SC. Implications of the findings for CMC theories are discussed.

  12. 41 CFR 302-11.22 - May the 2-year time limitation be extended by my agency?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false May the 2-year time limitation be extended by my agency? 302-11.22 Section 302-11.22 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Travel Regulation System RELOCATION ALLOWANCES RESIDENCE TRANSACTION ALLOWANCES 11-ALLOWANCES FOR EXPENSES INCURRED IN CONNECTION...

  13. 公益活动视域下的大学生社会责任感培养%Public Service Activities From the Perspective of Cultivation of College Students'Social Responsibility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨东华

    2014-01-01

    面对部分大学生社会责任感日益缺失的现状,加强大学生社会责任感的教育和培养,是高校思想政治教育责无旁贷的重要任务。以公益活动为基础构建大学生社会责任感培养的实践路径,必须依托专业优势打造大学生社会责任感教育平台,注重挖掘大学生公益活动的社会责任价值,强化公益活动的校园文化内涵建设。%Among college students in the face of the increasing absence of social responsibility ,strengthen education and cultiva-tion of college students'social responsibility is an important task of ideological and political education in colleges.Pro bono ac-tivities based on practice of cultivating college students'social responsibility ,and must rely on professional superiority to create education platform for college students'social responsibility ,pay attention to the mining university students’ social responsibili-ty value of public service activities ,strengthening the construction of campus culture of public service activities.

  14. 贵州省高校网络舆情现状及对策研究%Research on the Current Situation and Countermeasures of College Internet Public Opinion in Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾孝敏; 杨克本

    2016-01-01

    本文运用问卷调查法对贵州五所高校的网络舆情现状进行了调查,对贵州高校网络舆情的现状进行了分析和统计,总结出了贵州高校网络舆情的特点及网络舆情管理存在的问题,针对这些问题,提出一些建议,给贵州高校网络舆情引导提供参考.%Questionnaires were used to investigate and analyze the current situation of Internet public opinion in five colleges of Guizhou, and its characteristics were summarized. Based on the problems existing in Internet public opinion management, some suggestions were proposed in order to provide a reference for the guidance of college Internet public opinion in Guizhou.

  15. "Is College Worth It?"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adam, Michelle

    2012-01-01

    The Pew Research Center asked an important question earlier this year when it embarked on an ambitious project called Is College Worth It?: College Presidents, Public Assess Value, Quality and Mission of Higher Education. While most today believe that getting a good education is key to success in the society, this report revealed surprising issues…

  16. Dual Credit Enrollment and GPA by Ethnicity and Gender at Texas 2-Year Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Robert D., Jr.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this investigation was to determine the extent to which differences were present in dual credit course enrollment. Specifically examined were whether differences were present in the first semester GPA and at the end of the first two semesters for students who enrolled in dual credit courses while in high school from…

  17. Research status under micro-era network of public opinion in Higher Colleges%微时代下高职院校网络舆情的现状研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红霞; 黄永康

    2015-01-01

    As an important participant in community network public opinion, the use of vocational college students has become a micro-channel, one of the backbone Weibo, QQ, paste it and other micro-media era, only the full use of these virtual platforms, practical and effective the first time to grasp the ideological trends of students, higher vocational colleges to establish a good public opinion to guide the team, it can make the network public opinion to control the entire vocational colleges can travel a good cycle situation, the timely control and to public opinion resolved.%作为网络舆情的重要参与群体,高职院校大学生已成为使用微信、微博、QQ、贴吧等微时代传播媒介的中坚力量之一,只有充分利用好这些网络虚拟平台,切实有力的第一时间掌握到学生的思想动态,建立起良好的高职院校舆情引导队伍,才可以使得整个高职院校的网络舆情控制就可以行程一个良好的循环态势,能够及时得以舆情控制和解决.

  18. Body composition at birth and height at 2 years

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Admassu, Bitiya; Wells, Jonathan C; Girma, Tsinuel

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Low birth weight is associated with childhood stunting, but equivalent associations for birth body composition (BC) remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: To assess associations of BC with height-for-age Z score (HAZ) at 2 years of age. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, fat mass (FM) and fa...... article preview online, 19 April 2017. doi:10.1038/pr.2017.59....

  19. Media use by children younger than 2 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Ari

    2011-11-01

    In 1999, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued a policy statement addressing media use in children. The purpose of that statement was to educate parents about the effects that media--both the amount and the content--may have on children. In one part of that statement, the AAP recommended that "pediatricians should urge parents to avoid television viewing for children under the age of two years." The wording of the policy specifically discouraged media use in this age group, although it is frequently misquoted by media outlets as no media exposure in this age group. The AAP believed that there were significantly more potential negative effects of media than positive ones for this age group and, thus, advised families to thoughtfully consider media use for infants. This policy statement reaffirms the 1999 statement with respect to media use in infants and children younger than 2 years and provides updated research findings to support it. This statement addresses (1) the lack of evidence supporting educational or developmental benefits for media use by children younger than 2 years, (2) the potential adverse health and developmental effects of media use by children younger than 2 years, and (3) adverse effects of parental media use (background media) on children younger than 2 years.

  20. Childhood Bereavement: Psychopathology in the 2 Years Postparental Death

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerel, Julie; Fristad, Mary A.; Verducci, Joseph; Weller, Ronald A.; Weller, Elizabeth B.

    2006-01-01

    Objective: Although the death of a parent is one of the most significant stressors a child can experience, the psychiatric sequelae of parental death are not fully understood. Method: A total of 360 parent-bereaved children (ages 6-17) and their surviving parents were directly interviewed four times during the first 2 years following the death (at…

  1. Emotional Management in Public Pedagogy Classroom of Higher Normal Colleges%高师公共教育学课堂中的情绪管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    穆湘兰

    2012-01-01

    There was a negative emotional appearance existed in the public pedagogy classroom of higher normal colleges,which due to weakening of students' learning motivation to reduce learning interest.In order to achieve the purpose of improving the classroom teaching quality,the organization and management of classroom teaching can stimulate the students' curiosity,cultivation of interest and take an enjoyable experience as the core,adopt different emotional management strategies at different stages,such as before class,in class and after class.%高师公共教育学课堂中因学生学习动机减弱而出现诸如兴趣降低等消极情绪表现.为此,课堂教学的组织管理可以激发学生好奇、培养兴趣,体验愉快为核心,在课前、课中、课后采取不同的情绪管理策略,以期达到改善课堂教学质量的目的.

  2. On the Teaching Objectives of Public Psychology in Higher Normal Colleges%高师公共心理学教学目标探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张公社

    2013-01-01

    Establishing an integrated teaching obj ect is the requirements of improving teaching quality and current education reform.With its development in many years,teaching obj ectives of pub-lic psychology in higher normal colleges tend to be pluralistic,including psychology learning,cultiva-tion of psychological diathesis and education quality,and ideological education,etc.%为高师公共心理学确定一个完整的教学目标,既是提高教学质量的需要,也是当前教学改革的需要。经过多年演变,高师公共心理学的教学目标已趋向多元化,涵盖了心理学知识学习、心理素质培养、教育素质培养、心理健康教育和思想教育等几个方面。

  3. Teaching and evaluation methods of medical ethics in the Saudi public medical colleges: cross-sectional questionnaire study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkabba, Abdulaziz F; Hussein, Ghaiath M A; Kasule, Omar H; Jarallah, Jamal; Alrukban, Mohamed; Alrashid, Abdulaziz

    2013-09-10

    Saudi Arabia is considered one of the most influential Muslim countries being as the host of the two most holy places for Muslims, namely Makkah and Madina. This was reflected in the emphasis on teaching medical ethics in a lecture-based format as a part of the subject of Islamic culture taught to medical students. Over the last few years, both teaching and evaluation of medical ethics have been changing as more Saudi academics received specialized training and qualifications in bioethics from western universities. This study aims at studying the current teaching methods and evaluation tools used by the Saudi public medical schools. It is done using a self-administered online questionnaire. Out of the 14 medical schools that responded, the majority of the responding schools (6; 42.8%), had no ethics departments; but all schools had a curriculum dedicated to medical ethics. These curricula were mostly developed by the faculty staff (12; 85.7%). The most popular teaching method was lecturing (13; 92.8%). The most popular form of student assessment was a paper-based final examination (6; 42.8%) at the end of the course that was allocated 40% or more of the total grade of the ethics course. Six schools (42.8%) allocated 15-30% of the total grade to research. Although there is a growing interest and commitment in teaching ethics to medical students in Saudi schools; there is lack of standardization in teaching and evaluation methods. There is a need for a national body to provide guidance for the medical schools to harmonize the teaching methods, particularly introducing more interactive and students-engaging methods on the account of passive lecturing.

  4. Teaching and evaluation methods of medical ethics in the Saudi public medical colleges: cross-sectional questionnaire study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background Saudi Arabia is considered one of the most influential Muslim countries being as the host of the two most holy places for Muslims, namely Makkah and Madina. This was reflected in the emphasis on teaching medical ethics in a lecture-based format as a part of the subject of Islamic culture taught to medical students. Over the last few years, both teaching and evaluation of medical ethics have been changing as more Saudi academics received specialized training and qualifications in bioethics from western universities. Methods This study aims at studying the current teaching methods and evaluation tools used by the Saudi public medical schools. It is done using a self-administered online questionnaire. Results Out of the 14 medical schools that responded, the majority of the responding schools (6; 42.8%), had no ethics departments; but all schools had a curriculum dedicated to medical ethics. These curricula were mostly developed by the faculty staff (12; 85.7%). The most popular teaching method was lecturing (13; 92.8%). The most popular form of student assessment was a paper-based final examination (6; 42.8%) at the end of the course that was allocated 40% or more of the total grade of the ethics course. Six schools (42.8%) allocated 15-30% of the total grade to research. Conclusion Although there is a growing interest and commitment in teaching ethics to medical students in Saudi schools; there is lack of standardization in teaching and evaluation methods. There is a need for a national body to provide guidance for the medical schools to harmonize the teaching methods, particularly introducing more interactive and students-engaging methods on the account of passive lecturing. PMID:24020917

  5. Analysis on the Strategies of College Students' Public Sentiment Education under the New Media Environment%新媒体环境下大学生舆情教育的应对策略探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凌彦

    2012-01-01

    近年来,舆情已成为社会学、心理学、政治学等学科的研究热点,大学生舆情因大学生群体的特殊性,表现出与普通舆情较大的差异性。随着新媒体时代的到来,信息高速发展,对大学生的思想冲击越来越大,共青团作为引导大学生思想动向的组织,必然担负起引导大学生舆情的重任。本课题从新媒体环境的特点出发,对大学生舆情的类型、特点及其传播规律进行了分析,并探讨新媒体环境的特殊性对大学生舆情的影响,共青团组织如何在新形势下提高大学生舆情引导模式,建立快速干预机制,以帮助大学生树立健康的人生观、价值观。%In recent years,public opinion has become the sociology,psychology,political science research topic in the field of public opinion,college students showed great difference with ordinary public opinion because of the particularity of undergraduates.With the development of the new media era,the rapid development of information,on the ideological impact is more and more big,the Youth League serves as guide the ideological trends of university organization,must shoulder the responsibility of guiding college students' public opinion.The issue from the new media environment on college students' public opinion characteristics,types,characteristics and transmission were analyzed,and to explore the new media environment particularity on college students' public opinion effect,the Communist Youth League organizations in the new situation to improve college students' public opinion guidance mode,establish a rapid intervention mechanism,to help students establish a healthy outlook on life and values.

  6. 公共管理视角下大学生宿舍服务管理创新研究%Innovative Research on College Students Dormitory Services Administration in Public Management Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭橙

    2014-01-01

    College students' dormitory management quality directly affects the quality of life of learning and college stu-dents. Traditional dormitory management foothold in the"management", and public management theory emphasizes both management and services. To promote college dormitory service management innovation, we specifically for college dormi-tory management status investigation, proposed to improve college students' dormitory service management suggestions on this basis for the university management departments.%高校大学生宿舍管理质量的优劣直接影响着大学生学习和生活品质。传统宿舍管理模式立足于“管”,而公共管理理论强调管理与服务并重。为促进大学生宿舍服务管理创新,我们专门针对大学生宿舍管理现状进行调查,在此基础上提出完善大学生宿舍服务管理的对策建议,供高校管理部门参考。

  7. 新媒体环境下高校增强舆论引导力的思考%Strengthen the Public Opinion Guiding Force of Colleges and Universities Under the New Media Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任权东

    2015-01-01

    在新媒体环境下,大学生的无束缚网络行为、网络信息的裂变式传播和网络舆情处理无固定模式都对高校增强舆论引导力提出了挑战。高校的舆论引导要坚持及时、真诚、平等和落实的原则,通过建立网络舆情预警体系、完善网络舆情处理机制和加强建设高校网络文化占领网络舆论高地,获取广大网民的价值认可,提高自身的网络舆论引导力。%Under the new media environment, unbonded network behavior of university students, the network information transmission of fission, network public opinion processing has no fixed pattern all put forward the challenge to strengthen the public opinion guiding force of colleges and universities. The public opinion guide in colleges and universities should insist on sincere in time and implement the principle of equality. Through the establishment of network early warning system, improve the mechanism of network public opinion process, strengthen the construction of college network culture to occupy network public opinion highland, get the value recognition of netizens, improve their network public opinion guiding force.

  8. 关于高职院校公共课教师胜任力模型的研究%Research on the competency model of public teachers of Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敏; 王洋

    2013-01-01

    Through the establishment of the open class teachers in Sichuan Province vocational competency model, to launch investigations into the competency of public courses in Higher Vocational Colleges Teachers part of Sichuan Province, showed that the competency of Sichuan Province public teachers in Higher Vocational Colleges to better requirements.But has not reached the ideal state teachers' construction, the need to strengthen the training, improve the public education of Higher Vocational College Teachers' competency.%  通过建立四川省高职院校公开课教师胜任力模型,对四川省部分高职院校公共课教师开展胜任力情况的调查,表明四川省高职院校公共课教师胜任力基本达到较好的要求。但还没有达到师资建设的理想状态,需要加强各方面的培训,提高高职院校公共课教师胜任力。

  9. 公安院校警察体育课程教学中存在的问题与对策%The Teaching Problems and Countermeasures of Police Physical Education Curriculum for Public Security Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷红; 罗凯平

    2011-01-01

    By taking henan province as an example,it investigates the current situation of police physical education curriculum for public security colleges,analyzes teaching problems and discusses the development countermeasures of the police physical education.It aims to explore the teaching reform for the police physical education curriculum,promotes further development for police physical education of public security colleges,and offers advice to police physical education curriculum of public security colleges.%以河南省为例,调查公安院校警察体育的现状,分析警察体育课程教学中的问题,深入探讨警察体育发展的对策,旨在探讨公安院校警察体育课程教学的改革途径,促进公安院校警察体育的进一步发展,为公安院校警体课程改革提供一定的参考。

  10. Development of Internet Public Opinion Monitoring System Based on the Information Mining in College%基于信息挖掘的高校网络舆情监测系统开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于琨; 孙新领

    2012-01-01

    受网上各种信息的影响,高校大学生对社会诸多现象、现实和问题等反应敏感,易受到错误言论的蒙蔽和误导。针对高校网络舆情监测与预警手段方面的严重不足,开发了一个基于网络信息挖掘技术的高校网络舆情监测系统,系统利用网络蜘蛛技术、中文分词技术和文本聚类技术,通过对互联网信息进行采集、处理,舆情识别分析,实现了舆情热点与话题信息的推送与跟踪功能,可进一步分析舆情内容的观点与态度问题,筛选并判定各级别网络舆情的发生,从而进行公共危机和热点事件的监测和预警。%As the scale expansion of the Internet users of college,many college students are vulnerable to errors and misleading statements to deceive,in that they are sensitive to reality,phenomena,and problems of social.In order to improve Internet public opinion monitoring and early warning technical systems,this paper developed a Internet public opinion monitoring system based on the information mining technology in college,which adopted web spiders technology,the Chinese word segmentation technology,and text clustering technique.By the Internet information collecting,processing,public opinion recognition analyzing,the system can push and track the hot topic of the information with public opinion,can further analyzes of the contents of the public opinion and attitude to view,Screening and to judge the happening of different levels of public opinions,and thus can monitor and warn the public crisis and hot issues.This has an important application value and meaning for colleges and universities to make full use of network public opinion,strengthen propaganda and the management of the spread of information security,build a harmonious campus.

  11. Public Relations and Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savage, Daniel D.

    1987-01-01

    Urges community colleges to adopt pro-active public relations strategies. Examines the role of the public information officer in such areas as coordination of public relations and marketing activities, relations with media, and the development of a comprehensive public relations plan. (AYC)

  12. College Students' Intentions to Use E-Portfolios: From the Perspectives of Career-Commitment Status and Weblog-Publication Behaviours

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tzeng, Jeng-Yi; Chen, Ssu-Han

    2012-01-01

    The growing popularity of a school-wide e-portfolio system in colleges and universities has raised concerns regarding whether students will use it or consider it important to have an e-portfolio system, especially when its use is not required by their curriculum. This study investigated college students' intentions to use and the students'…

  13. Service, Public Work, and Respectful Public Citizens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Youniss, James

    2011-01-01

    Encouragement of service as public work is one strategy higher education can use in fulfilling its civic mission to socialize society's future leaders. The diversity of American higher education includes large land grant state universities, small liberal arts colleges, religiously sponsored institutions, and local community colleges. This array…

  14. Social competence at 2 years following child traumatic brain injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Vicki; Beauchamp, Miriam Helen; Yeates, Keith Owen; Crossley, Louise; Ryan, Nicholas Peter; Hearps, Stephen J C; Catroppa, Cathy

    2017-02-08

    Children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at risk of social impairment, but research is yet to document the trajectory of these skills post-injury and factors that may predict social problems. The study addressed these gaps in knowledge, reporting on findings from a prospective, longitudinal follow-up study which investigated social outcomes post injury and explored factors contributing to these outcomes at 2 years post-injury. The sample included 113 children, 74 with TBI and 39 typically developing (TD) controls. TBI participants were recruited on presentation to hospital. Parents rated pre-injury function at that time and all children underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. Participants were followed up at 2 years post-injury. Outcomes were social adjustment, social participation, social relationships, and social cognition. Predictors of social outcomes examined included brain lesion characteristics, child cognition (6 months post-TBI) and behavior and environmental factors (pre-injury and 2 years). Reduced social adjustment (p=.011) and social participation (pchildren with TBI compared to TD controls. Poor social adjustment was predicted by externalizing behaviour problems and younger age at injury. Reduced social participation was linked to internalizing behavior problems. Greater lesion volume, lower socioeconomic status and family burden contributed to poorer social relationships, while age at injury predicted social cognition. Within the TBI group, 23% of children exhibited social impairment: younger age at injury, greater pre-injury and current behavior problems and family dysfunction, poorer IQ, processing speed, and empathy were linked to impairment. Further follow-up is required to track social recovery and the influences of cognition, brain, and environment over time.

  15. Clinical outcomes of pars plicata anterior vitrectomy: 2-year results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priya Narang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To demonstrate the safety and outcome of a surgical approach that uses pars plicata site for anterior vitrectomy during phacoemulsification procedure complicated by posterior capsule rupture and residual cortical matter. Design: Single center, retrospective, interventional, noncomparative study. Materials and Methods: Medical records of a consecutive series of 35 eyes of 35 patients who underwent pars plicata anterior vitrectomy (PPAV were reviewed. The main outcome measures were corrected and uncorrected distance visual acuity (CDVA, UDVA, early and late postoperative complications and intraocular pressure (IOP. Ultrasound biomicroscopic (UBM evaluation of sclerotomy site and spectral domain optical coherence tomography analysis for central macular thickness (CMT was performed. The final visual outcome at 2 years was evaluated. Results: At 2 years follow-up, the mean postoperative UDVA (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution [logMAR] and CDVA (logMAR was 0.49 ± 0.26 and 0.19 ± 0.14, respectively. There was no significant change in the IOP (P = 0.061 and the mean CMT at 2 years was 192.5 ± 5.54 mm. The postoperative UBM image of the sclerotomy site at 8 weeks demonstrated a clear wound without any vitreous adhesion or incarceration. Intraoperative hyphema was seen in 1 (2.8% case and postoperative uveitis was seen in 2 (5.7% cases, which resolved with medications. No case of an iatrogenic retinal break or retinal detachment was reported. Conclusions: PPAV enables a closed chamber approach, allows thorough cleanup of vitreous in the pupillary plane and anterior chamber and affords better access to the subincisional and retropupillary cortical remnant with a significant visual outcome and an acceptable complication rate.

  16. Borderline personality disorder features predict negative outcomes 2 years later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagge, Courtney; Nickell, Angela; Stepp, Stephanie; Durrett, Christine; Jackson, Kristina; Trull, Timothy J

    2004-05-01

    In a sample of 351 young adults, the authors assessed whether borderline personality disorder (BPD) features prospectively predicted negative outcomes (poorer academic achievement and social maladjustment) over the subsequent 2 years, over and above gender and both Axis I and Axis II psychopathology. Borderline traits were significantly related to these outcomes, with impulsivity and affective instability the most highly associated. The present findings suggest that the impulsivity and affective instability associated with BPD leads to impairment in relating well with others, in meeting social role obligations, and in academic or occupational achievement. Therefore, these may be especially important features to target in interventions for BPD.

  17. The Discussion on the Implementation of Dance Education in Public Colleges and Universities%探析普通高校公共舞蹈教育的实施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈可

    2012-01-01

    The art of dance with other disciplines plays an irreplaceable role in the comprehensive introduction to higher learning, and deepens to students' cultural life. This is not only the required element of carrying out students' quality education as well as an important teaching reform of colleges and universities in recent years. It has a rich taste experience of university students to cultivate the image of temperament, in order to stimu- late the creation of functions. In this paper, the essence of dance, functions, and the status of dance educa- tion of China's contemporary public colleges and universities, the implementation of dance education of public colleges and universities have been analyzed to promote a climax of those comprehensive public colleges and universities.%舞蹈艺术以其它学科不可替代的作用全面引入高校,深入到学生的文化生活中。不仅是对大学生进行素质教育的一项重要内容,也是近年来高校教育改革的重要举措。它具有丰富大学生情趣体验、培养形象气质、激发创造才能等功能。通过对舞蹈的本质、作用和我国当代高校公共舞蹈教育的现状,探讨了高校公共舞蹈教育的实施问题,使高校公共舞蹈教育全面推向高潮。

  18. Study on Internet Public Opinion of Colleges and Universities' Emergency Response in New Media Time%新媒体时代高校突发事件网络舆情应对研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李树鑫

    2015-01-01

    With the development of New media time, Internet public opinion of colleges and universities' emergency have present characteristics ofrapid forming, complex contents, multiple transmission and difficult supervision, which called of new requirements and challenges of traditional mode of reply to university public opinion. Therefore, colleges and universities should explore new effective Internet public opinion emergency responses according to the characteristics of the transmission of Internet public opinion in New media time.%新媒体时代的发展,使得高校突发事件网络舆情出现了"形成快、内容杂、传播广、监督难"等特点,导致传统的高校舆情应对模式面临了新的要求和挑战.高校应根据新媒体时代舆情传播特点,探索有效的突发事件网络舆情应对措施.

  19. 当代大学生网络舆情产生与干预研究%produce and Intervention of Current College Students'Public Opinion on Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄涛

    2015-01-01

    With the development of information technology,Internet lifestyle of life had a very significant impact on college students'learning.Entertainment has become the modern era,an important platform for them to chat with friends.Due to the openness of the network itself,for college students life,world outlook and values have had a lot of impact.The author of this article on college students do a deep network of public opinion research and discussion,in order to have a positive impact on the ideological education of college students.%随着网络信息技术的发展,互联网对人生的生活方式产生了极其重要的影响,成为当今时代大学生学习娱乐、聊天交友的重要平台。由于网络自身的开放性,对大学生的人生观、世界观、价值观都产生了诸多影响。本文笔者通过对大学生网络舆情做了深刻的研究和探讨,以期对大学生的思想教育产生积极影响。

  20. 陕西民办高校与公办高校学校体育比较研究%Comparative Study of School Sports between Shaanxi Private Colleges and Public Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘宗杰

    2012-01-01

    From aspects of Shaanxi private colleges and public universities, such as the teaching of physical education, school sports team training, school sports and school physical education teacher training etc, this article made a comprehensive comparison and analysis, and based on the different school system between private colleges and public universities, conducted in-depth analysis on their characteristics of school sports, and in its, draw a few proposals of the reform of private colleges' physical education for reference.%本文主要从陕西民办高校和公办高校的体育课教学、学校运动代表队训练和师资培养等方面进行了全面的比较和分析,并依据民办高校和公办高校不同的办学体制,对其学校体育工作的特点进行了深入的探析,从中得出几点对陕西民办高校体育工作改革的建议,以供参考.

  1. The Application of Meta-cognitive Strategy Theory in Public English Teaching in Higher Vocational Colleges%元认知策略理论在高职公共英语教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈桂琴

    2016-01-01

    With the improvement of China’s economy and business’s rapid development, China’s public English teaching in higher vocational colleges appeared some substantive issues, so that students no better participation, resulting in the teaching effect is not ideal. In English teaching in higher vocational colleges, teachers occupy a dominant position, students are just passive listeners, so this situation needs to be targeted for the application of Meta cognitive strategy theory teaching method. Through the new English teaching mode to develop the habit of students’ independent learning and complete the national training program. This paper mainly expounds the application of the Meta cognitive strategies in the teaching of public English in higher vocational colleges.%随着社会经济的发展,我国高职公共英语教学出现了一些实质性问题,教师占据主导地位,学生只是被动听众,学生参与度低,教学效果不理想。因此,需要针对性地将元认知策略理论应用到教学当中。探讨让学生养成自主学习的习惯,完成国家培养计划,不断提高高职公共英语的教学效果。

  2. Tetanus trismus in a 2 year old child: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Menon Narayanankutty Sunilkumar, Vadakut Krishnan Parvathy

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Tetanus is still a major cause of mortality and morbidity in developing countries. It occurs in children mainly in the unimmunized, due to parental ignorance and objection to vaccination. This potentially fatal disease caused by a neurotoxin, tetanospasmin released from wounds infected with Clostridium tetani, an anaerobic gram–positive bacillus. As tetanus becomes less common, cases are likely to be misdiagnosed or go unrecognized. In this case report, we present a case of tetanus in a partially immunized 2 year old girl who presented with trismus. She was treated with the recent recommendations and adequate supportive care. Detection of tetanus at a very early stage can favor lifesaving interventions. Trismus, infected wound and partially immunized/unimmunized status of a child were the key features leading to the prompt diagnosis and early treatment.

  3. Supplemental Colleges

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — The Supplemental Colleges layer attempts to capture additional Post Secondary Education campuses of colleges and universities associated with a single campus listed...

  4. Research on the Reform of Public Security College Informatization Based on Intelligent Mobile Terminal Platform%基于智能移动终端平台的公安院校信息化考试改革研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张家亮; 李俊杰

    2016-01-01

    在我国公安信息化发展的时代背景下,目前我国公安院校各类课程(公安专业类课程和非公安专业类课程)成绩考核方式几乎都还在沿用以纸质试卷为载体的传统评阅给分模式,消耗巨大的时间、人力和物力资源。本文从公安院校推行信息化考试改革的技术可行性,制度建设以及比较优势三个方面进行系统分析,为我国公安院校考试信息化改革提供对策建议。%With the development of China's public security informatization, all kinds of courses (public security professional courses and non-public security professional courses) performance evaluation methods are still used in almost paper as the car-rier of the traditional marking to model in the current public security colleges of China, which consums a huge amount of time, human resources and material resources. This article focus on the reform of information technology, system construction and comparative advantages of the three aspects of system analysis, and provide countermeasures for our public security colleges and universities in the China public security informatization.

  5. 自媒体时代大学生舆情监控与引导研究%Supervision and Guiding Research on the Public Opinion of College Students in the Self-media Age

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁媛

    2015-01-01

    随着信息化时代的来临,信息的极快传递速度和丰富的信息对大学生的思想造成了难以忽略的影响。社会学,政治学以及心理学等学科已经将研究的重点转移到了舆情上面来,而大学生因为是个特殊的集体,能够引发的舆情影响会和普通的舆情有比较大的差别。本文以现如今的信息社会为背景,具体的研究各种媒体对于当代大学生在舆情方面的影响意义。在新时代的社会需求下对大学生在舆情方面作以监管,积极地引导大学生走在一条健康的舆情心理发展的道路上。%With the arrival of the information age,the fast transferring speed of information and a wealth of information have an un-negligible influence for the thought of college students.Sociology,political science,psychology and other disciplines have shifted its focus to the study of public opinion,while college students is a special group,whose public opinion influence has a big difference with the ordinary one.Taking the background of the information society nowadays,this paper specifically studies the influence significance of various media on the public opinion of college students.In the social needs of a new era for college students to regulate in terms of public opinion,we should actively guide students to go on the road to a healthy psychological de-velopment of public opinion.

  6. Practical Strategies for College Students’Citizenship Education and Construction of Campus Public Life%学生公民品质培育与高校公共生活建构的实践策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉

    2014-01-01

    The cultivation of citizenship character cannot be separated from the support of public life. In reality, there have been too much pragmatism in classroom teaching, a lack of public participation on campus management and over-competitiveness in students campus life. To some extent, these have led to the deletion of the public life on campus, thus inhibiting the cultivation of students’citizenship character. In order to promote the generation of the citizenship character of college students, universities and colleges have a lot of work to do about civic education for college students, such as, providing adequate public space for real life on- and off-campus, expanding the public perspective of classroom teaching, promoting students public concern, building a democratic campus management system to encourage students to participate in, to guide students to assume responsibility for public services and so on.%公民品质的培育离不开公共生活的支撑。学校课堂教学充满功利性、校园管理缺乏公共性及学生生活强调竞争性,在一定程度上抑制了学生公民品质的培育。高校在对大学生进行公民品质培育时,要努力拓展课堂教学的公共性视野,倡导学生崇尚公共关怀;要构建民主化的校园管理氛围,鼓励学生参与校园事务的管理;要拓宽校园内外公共领域的空间,引导学生担当公共服务责任。以此来构建广阔真实的公共生活空间,促进学生公民品质的生成。

  7. Study of Guidance Mechanism of Public Feelings of College Students in the Perspective of New Media%新媒体视野下大学生舆情引导机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑汉杰; 黄琬钦

    2014-01-01

    随着大学生与新媒体日渐水乳交融,新媒体已经深刻地影响着大学生舆情与传播状况,其特有的传播特性对大学生舆情监控提出了新的挑战。文章引用SCP范式,立足于新媒体环境这一结构基础,总结大学生舆情行为特征,探究新时期大学生舆情引导机制,以确立良好的行为绩效。%Along with the perfect harmony with college students , new media have influenced students ’ feelings and communication conditions profoundly .Their typical features of broadcasting present a new chal-lenge to monitoring of students ’ public feelings .Based on structural foundation of new media environment , this paper conducts SCP paradigm to summarize behavior characteristics of public feelings .Then it explores the guidance mechanism of public feelings of college students in the new era so as to establish a good performance of behaviors .

  8. Investigation and Consideration on Opening School Affairs to the Public in Local College of Shaanxi%关于陕西地方高校校务公开问题的调查与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亚强; 杨岩菊

    2011-01-01

    Opening school affairs to the public in the college have placed the public power under the supervision of the masses, so that the majority of staff really enjoy the power of democratic management and democratic supervision. It has been found that it is very necessary to define the opened content in college of Shaanxi. Opening school affairs is a long process, and many problems still exist, which requires the majority of staff to improve public service work, guiding by scientific thought of development.%校务公开将高校享有的公共权力置于群众的监督之下,使广大教职工真正地事有民主管理、民主监督的权力.实践证明,非常有必要对陕西地方高校校务公开的内容进行界定;校务公开是一个长期的过程,目前还存在着不少问题,需要广大教职工坚持不懈的用科学发展观来指导完善校务公开工作.

  9. Navigating the Literacy Waters: Research, Praxis, and Advocacy. The Twenty-Ninth Yearbook: A Peer Reviewed Publication of the College Reading Association. [Papers from the College Reading Association Conference, 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foote, Martha M., Ed.; Szabo, Susan, Ed.; Falk-Ross, Francine, Ed.; Sampson, Mary Beth, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    This book presents a selection of the research and papers presented at the 50th Annual Meeting of the College Reading Association in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in October, 2006. This Yearbook begins with Karen Bromley's presidential address, which explored the future of writing by discussing four predictions: the notion that pens and pencils will be…

  10. 视频公开课对大学生学习力发展的促进研究%A Study on the Promoting Effect of Video Public Course for Developing College Students' Learning Ability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘和海; 李起斌

    2015-01-01

    As an educational trend,postmodern education concept is paid great attention in higher edu-cation reform,and is constantly impacting the role of traditional education concept. We start from the situation of current college students' learning ability,analyze the reason of problems by element-deconstruction way, and compare with the traditional education concept and postmodern education concept,analyze their function for improving college students' learning ability. On the basis of it,the paper takes public educational resources〝 MOOCs〝 as the concept,reveals the substantial attributes of special video public course,and practical in-vestigation of video public course as the basis, statistically discusses the promoting effect of video public course with postmodern education concept for developing college students' learning ability. And then,three op-timizing strategies are proposed,in order to provide the feasible reference and suggestions for the healthy and sustainable development of college students' learning ability.%后现代主义教育理念作为一种教育思潮,在高教改革中受到了极大的关注,并不断冲击着传统教育理念的地位.我们从当前大学生学习力问题现状入手,以要素解构的方式剖析其困境产生的原因,并将传统教育理念和后现代主义教育理念对大学生学习力提高的作用进行了对比分析,在此基础上,以开放教育资源"MOOCs"为理念,揭示其作为一种特殊的视频公开课的实质属性,并以视频公开课的实际调研为基础,系统论述后现代主义教育理念的视频公开课对大学生学习力发展的促进作用,并提出了三点优化策略,以期为大学生学习力的持续健康发展提供切实可行的参考建议.

  11. Does Part-Time Job Affect College Students¡¯ Satisfaction and Academic Performance (GPA)? The Case of a Mid-Sized Public University

    OpenAIRE

    Mussie T. Tessema; Kathryn J. Ready; Marzie Astani

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the effect of work (number of working hours) on college students¡¯ satisfaction and GPA first by grouping the respondents into two categories: working and non-working. The findings show that the average satisfaction and GPA of those students who did not work were found to be slightly higher than those who did work. However, examining the effect of work on satisfaction and GPA by grouping college students as working and non-working may lead to unrealistic conclusions. Hence...

  12. Does Part-Time Job Affect College Students¡¯ Satisfaction and Academic Performance (GPA)? The Case of a Mid-Sized Public University

    OpenAIRE

    Mussie T. Tessema; Kathryn J. Ready; Marzie Astani

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the effect of work (number of working hours) on college students¡¯ satisfaction and GPA first by grouping the respondents into two categories: working and non-working. The findings show that the average satisfaction and GPA of those students who did not work were found to be slightly higher than those who did work. However, examining the effect of work on satisfaction and GPA by grouping college students as working and non-working may lead to unrealistic conclusions. Hence...

  13. 校园网络舆情的监督、预警、干预和引导机制研究--以福建地区高职院校为例%Research on the Mechanism of Supervision,Warning,Intervention and Guidance of the Public Opinion of Campus Network---A Case Study of Higher Vocational Colleges in Fujian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹禹涵; 蔡雪敏; 张智佳

    2016-01-01

    新媒体环境下,高职院校网络舆情随着互联网的迅速普及和发展而出现了新特点。如何对高职院校网络舆情进行正确处理和引导,已成为高职院校大学生思想政治教育工作的新领域。本文从高职院校网络舆情的内涵进行阐述,探讨高职院校网络舆情监测机制,完善高职院校网络舆情干预和引导机制,以促进高职院校学生的健康成长成才。%Under the new media environment,higher vocational colleges network public opinion with the development and pop-ularization of the internet and the emergence of new features.How to correctly handle and guide the network public opinion in higher vocational colleges,has become a new field of work in Higher Vocational Colleges Ideological and political education of College students.The from the connotation of network public opinion in higher vocational colleges is expounded,explore voca-tional college network public opinion monitoring mechanism,improve vocational college network public opinion to intervene and guide mechanism,to promote the healthy growth and success in the higher vocational college students.

  14. Trends in College Pricing, 2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    College Board, New York, NY.

    This report, based on the College Board's Annual Survey of Colleges, provides updated information on tuition and other expenses associated with attending public and private nonprofit institutions of postsecondary education in the United States in the 2002-2003 academic year. The annual survey is distributed to more than 2,900 postsecondary…

  15. Master Planning in Brazilian Higher Education: Expanding the 3-Year Public College System in the State of Sao Paulo. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.10.10

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedrosa, Renato H. L.

    2010-01-01

    Until recently, Higher education (HE) in Brazil had been, identified with colleges and universities running traditional academic undergraduate programs, with expected graduation time of 4 years or more. The universities in the state of Sao Paulo are at the top of international rankings among Brazilian HEIs, accounting for about half of all indexed…

  16. 欠发达地区高职院校校园广播典型宣传的创新——以广西现代职业技术学院为例%On the Innovation of Model Publicity by Campus Broadcasting in Higher Vocational Colleges in under Developed Areas——Take Guangxi Modern Polytechnic College as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾严; 匡华

    2012-01-01

    欠发达地区高职院校校园广播典型宣传应以新颖的宣传感染师生,以灵活的播报引导师生,以适时的报道贴近师生,使典型宣传体现时代性,强调艺术性,讲究时效性,努力把校园广播打造为学校主流媒体的品牌。%Model publicity plays an important role in the school news propaganda in higher vocational colleges.As the main front of propaganda in higher vocational colleges in under developed areas,school broadcasting should start with the innovation of contents,forms and chance of model publicity,influence teachers and students with novel form,flexible broadcasting mode and get close to them with timely reports to reflect the epochal,artistic character and timeliness of model publicity.In this way campus broadcasting can be built as one of important brand of school mainstream media.

  17. An Evaluation of the Savannah Early College Program: An Action Oriented Research Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearse, Douglas

    2013-01-01

    The Savannah Early College Program (SECP) opened its doors in August 2007 to make a difference in the lives of all students who enrolled. Its primary mission was to combine academic rigor and support to help students enter college early and graduate from high school with up to 2 years of college credit. Since SECP joined the Early College High…

  18. 高师公共教育学课程在新课改理念下的教学改革%Teaching Reform under the New Curriculum Reform in the Course of Public Pedagogy in Higher Normal Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娟

    2016-01-01

    Since the implementation of the new curriculum reform in our country,the task of teaching reform of Public Pedago-gy Course in normal colleges and universities has been strengthened. According to many years of teaching practice of public educa-tion in Colleges and universities,under the guidance of the three new ideas,combined with the current situation and reform of high-er education in China,with reference to the domestic and foreign advanced concepts,for the current problems of higher education in the field of public education reform measures,including"three combination"reform,follow the"three focus"principles to im-prove teaching reform,to provide some reference for the field of public education in the field of new curriculum reform.%自从我国实施新课改以来,高等师范院校公共教育学课程教学改革任务也随之加强。根据多年高校公共教育学教学实践经验,在新课改“三大新理念”指导下,结合当前我国高等教育现状及改革方向,参考国内外公共教育先进理念,针对当前高师公共教育领域存在的问题提出了部分改革对策,包括进行“三个结合”改革探索、遵循“三个注重”原则提高教学改革成效等,以期为高师公共教育学领域在新课改观念下进一步改革提供借鉴与参考。

  19. PR: Priority for Community College Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaughan, Elinor F.

    1987-01-01

    Describes the Stanly Technical College Library's public relations program which attempts to encourage the use of library and media resources and to promote the college as a major community resource. Highlights library activities, including a photography contest for students and staff, and displays featuring college programs and local history. (DMM)

  20. Strengthening Publicity of Ideological Work in Colleges and Universities and the Construction of College Counselors Team%加强高校宣传思想工作与建设好辅导员队伍

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘伊娜; 曲建武

    2015-01-01

    加强高校宣传思想工作,是当前全党上下的一件大事,更是高校的头等大事。加强宣传思想工作的出发点和落脚点是促使大学生形成正确的价值观,大学生正确价值观的形成需要辅导员的引导。辅导员是大学生的人生导师,是促使大学生树立正确价值观的第一人,在加强高校宣传思想工作中具有特殊的地位和作用。目前辅导员队伍建设依然存在编制不足、专业化和职业化水平还需进一步提高等一系列亟须解决的问题,应当通过建立辅导员职业规划的长效机制来着力建设好辅导员队伍,充分发挥辅导员在加强高校宣传思想工作中的作用。%To strengthen the propaganda of ideological work in colleges and universities is not only a great work through the Party ,but also on the top of the list in colleges and universities .The starting point and stay point lie in promoting college students to form the correct values ,which needs the instructors’ guid‐ance .The instructors are the college students’ human life tutors .They have special positions and roles during strengthening the propaganda of ideological work because the instructor is the first person during the promotion .However ,many problems need to be solved during the construction of instructors team , such as short of instructor staff posts and poor level of specialization and professionalism .We should try to build the good instructors team and take advantage of the effect of them during strengthening the propa‐ganda of ideological work in colleges and universities .

  1. Application of BAROS' questionnaire in obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery with 2 years of evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Queiroz, Caetano de; Sallet, José Afonso; DE Barros E Silva, Pedro Gabriel Melo; Queiroz, Luzia da Gloria Pereira de Sousa; Pimentel, Jélis Arenas; Sallet, Paulo Clemente

    2017-01-01

    -In recent decades, the high prevalence of obesity in the general population has brought serious concerns in terms of public health. Contrarily to conventional treatment involving dieting and physical exercising, often ineffective in generating long term results, bariatric opera-tions have been an effective method for sustained weight loss in morbidly obese individuals. The Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System (BAROS) is an objective and recognized system in the overall evaluation of results after bariatric surgery. - To investigate results concerning a casuistic of morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery over a 2-year follow-up in terms of weight loss, related medical conditions, safety and changes in quality of life. - A total of 120 obese (17 male and 103 female) patients, who underwent bariatric surgery, were assessed and investigated using the BAROS system after a 2- year follow-up. - Patients obtained a mean excess weight loss of 74.6 (±15.9) % and mean body mass index reduction of 15.6 (±4.4) Kg/m2. Pre-surgical comorbidities were present in 71 (59%) subjects and they were totally (86%) or partially (14%) resolved. Complications resulting specifically from the surgical procedure were observed in 4.2% of cases (two bowel obstructions requiring re-operation, and three stomal stenosis treated with endoscopic dilation). Sixteen subjects (13% of total number of patients) presented minor clinical complications managed through outpatient care. The final scores for the BAROS questionnaire showcased excellent to good results in 99% of cases (excellent 44%, very good 38%, good 23%, acceptable 1%). - According to the BAROS questionnaire, bariatric surgery is a safe and effective method for managing obesity and associated clinical comorbidities, allowing for satisfactory results after a 2-year follow-up. Future studies should address other clinical and psychosocial variables that impact outcome as well as allow for longer follow-ups.

  2. 浅析IP公共广播系统及其在高校管理中的应用%Analysis of the public broadcasting system and its application in the management of colleges and universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑尚标

    2014-01-01

    College management is a system engineering,not only quality but also improve the management of the “people”to provide perfect facilities this “matter”work carrier,wherein the public broadcasting system is an important carrier of. Based on this,the management is necessary to understand the principle and technical characteristics of IP broadcasting system,com-bined with the practical management experience,extensive application of summary of campus public broadcasting system in uni-versity management process,look forward to provide reference for the administrators in Colleges and universities.%做好高校管理工作是个系统工程,既要提高管理者这个“人”的素质又要提供完善配套设施这个“物”工作载体,其中高校公共广播系统就是一个重要的工作载体。IP 广播系统的技术特征和运行,结合高校管理实践经验,归纳总结校园公共广播系统在高校管理过程中的广泛应用,期待能为广大高校管理者提供借鉴。

  3. 移动应用学习工具下的大学公共英语词汇教学模式建构%Construction of College Public English Vocabulary Teaching Mode Based on Mobile Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佩君

    2016-01-01

    以自主开发的《我得Word》移动应用为学习工具,建构创新型大学公共英语词汇教学模式。建构过程主要包括:定义英语词汇移动教学模式;确立英语词汇移动学习目标;完成英语词汇移动教学设计;改革英语词汇移动教学模式下的学习评价。通过这一教学模式的构建,希望能够对大学公共英语课的数字化改革提供一定的参考。%With self-developed mobile application My Word as the learning tool,this paper constructs new college public English vocabulary teaching mode. In the process,the mobile teaching mode of English vocabulary is defined;the learning objective of mobile vocabulary learning is established;teaching design of mobile vocabulary teaching is completed and learning evaluation of mobile vocab-ulary teaching is reformed in hope to provide some reference for the digital reform of college public English course by the construction of this teaching mode.

  4. Diagnostic accuracy of ACR/EULAR 2010 criteria for rheumatoid arthritis in a 2-year cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varache, Sophie; Cornec, Divi; Morvan, Johanne; Devauchelle-Pensec, Valérie; Berthelot, Jean-Marie; Le Henaff-Bourhis, Catherine; Hoang, Sylvie; Thorel, Jean-Baptiste; Martin, Antoine; Chalès, Gérard; Nowak, Emmanuel; Jousse-Joulin, Sandrine; Youinou, Pierre; Saraux, Alain

    2011-07-01

    To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the 2010 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism (ACR/EULAR) and 1987 ACR criteria for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and the respective role of the algorithm and scoring of the ACR/EULAR. In total, 270 patients with recent-onset arthritis of EULAR scoring, and in the overall population classified according the full tree. At baseline, 111 of the 270 patients had better alternative diagnoses and 16 had erosions typical for RA; of the 143 remaining patients, 52 had more than 6 ACR/EULAR 2010 points (indicating definite RA) and 91 had fewer than 6 points. After 2 years, 11/16 patients with erosions and 40/52 with more than 6 points had RA. 100 of the 270 patients met the reference standard for RA. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of the ACR/EULAR (full tree) were 51/100 (51%), 153/170 (90%), 51/68 (75.4%), and 153/202 (75.7%), respectively. Diagnostic accuracies of the ACR/EULAR score and ACR 1987 criteria were not statistically different. Much of the improvement of the ACR/EULAR criteria was ascribable to the use of exclusion criteria in the algorithm.

  5. College Outcomes Evaluation Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollander, T. Edward

    Guidelines and implementation options for a program to evaluate the outcomes of collegiate education in New Jersey are discussed. A good program must seek to: (1) maintain public confidence; (2) nuture institutional autonomy and individual diversity; and (3) stimulate educational excellence. College outcomes that the program should cover are:…

  6. A 2-year audit of perioperative mortality in Malaysian hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inbasegaran, K; Kandasami, P; Sivalingam, N

    1998-12-01

    An audit of all perioperative deaths within seven days of surgery in 14 major public hospitals is presented. This study is part of a quality assurance programme examining the surgical and anaesthetic practices in these hospitals. During the study period from July 1992 till June 1994, 211,354 surgeries were performed and 715 deaths were reported out of which 699 were available for analysis. The data was obtained by confidential enquiry using predetermined questionnaires filled by participating surgeons and anaesthetists and analysed by a group of peers. The overall crude mortality rate was 0.34% and the majority of the deaths occurred in severely ill patients in whom the clinical management was satisfactory. Polytrauma including head, intra-abdominal and skeletal trauma accounted for 253 of the deaths (36.19%). The other causes were bowel obstruction with sepsis, burns, ischaemic limbs, congenital malformations in neonates and pregnancy-related hemorrhage. 62.52% of the deaths occurred within two days of surgery and 85.87% were related to emergency procedures. The review identified some shortfalls in perioperative care and these were lack of adequate critical care facilities, lack of supervision, unnecessary surgery in the moribund and inadequate preoperative optimisation. The results of the study have been forwarded to all participating hospitals for implementation of remedial measures.

  7. College Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    College life involves excitement, along with new challenges, risks, and responsibilities. You are meeting new people, learning ... stay healthy and safe while you're in college: Eat a balanced diet Get enough sleep Get ...

  8. Primary care and public health a natural alliance? The introduction of the guidelines for obesity and undernutrition of the Dutch College of General Practitioners.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Avendonk, M.J.P van; Mensink, P.A.J.S.; Drenthen, A.J.; Binsbergen, J.J. van

    2012-01-01

    The prevalence of obesity and overweight is increasing globally and forms a huge public health problem. On the other hand, the prevalence of malnutrition or undernutrition is substantial, especially in nursing homes or in the elderly at home. Primary care and public health are separate disciplines.

  9. 民办高校制定“十二五”发展规划的思考%Thinking of Development Outline Making of Non-public Colleges and Universities during "the Twelfth Five-year-plan"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘龙刚; 朱海玲

    2011-01-01

    “十二五”时期是我国全面建设小康社会的关键时期,国民经济增长方式的转变、经济社会发展战略的调整对民办高校教育改革和发展提出了新要求,民办高校发展的目标、重点、方式亦将发生深刻变化。本文首先从办学规模、办学模式、办学质量、办学特色、对外交流等五方面分析了民办高校的历程与成就,然后从国民经济增长方式和经济社会发展战略的调整对民办教育产生深远影响、国家中长期教育改革和发展规划纲要为民办高校发展指明了方向、民办高校发展仍然面临诸多自身内部问题等分析了民办高校发展所面临的形势;最后,从体制依托、服务转型、内涵发展、风险防范等四个方面提出了民办高校“十二五”时期发展对策与建议。为民办高校制定和实施“十二五”发展规划提供参考。%"The twelfth five-year-plan" period is a critical period of China's building a moderately prosperous society. National economic growth changes and adjustment of economic and social development strategy put forward new demands for reform and development of nonpublic colleges and universities. The objectives, priorities and methods of their development will also undergo profound changes. Firstly, this paper analyzes the history and achievements in the aspect of school size, school model, school quality, school characteristics, and foreign ex change, etc. Then it analyzes the situation which non-public colleges and universities are facing in the following aspects, e.g. , national economic growth method and adjustment of economic and social development strategy have a profound impact on non-public education, the state long-term education reform and development plan outline points out the direction for the development of non-public colleges and universities, development of private colleges and universities still face many problems within their own

  10. 提高高校音乐类公共选修课程教学质量的思考%On improving teaching quality of public elective courses of music in colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄春玲; 乔孟涛

    2009-01-01

    以调研河北农业大学音乐类公共选修课的实际情况为例,总结分析了当前高校音乐类公共选修课程存在的问题,并提出从提高师资教学水平、加强教学设施的投入与改善、探索教学方式的改革、强调教材的编写和使用、提高学生的学习兴趣5个方面入手提高高校音乐类公共选修课程的教学质量.%This paper, taking the investigation of the public elective courses of music in Agricultural University of Hebei as an example, has given a summary and an analysis on the current problems in the public elective courses of music in colleges. It has been pointed out that we should take actions from the following five areas, to improve the standard of the teachers' teaching, to strengthen and improve the inputs to the teaching facilities,to explore the reform of teacheing methods, to stress teaching material's writing and use,to improve the students' interests in learning and provided some practical feasible solutions for solving the problems. Thus, we can improve the teaching quality of the public elective courses of music in colleges and cultivate some new compound talents of high quality.

  11. 公安高职院校治安管理专业实践教学体系研究%The Research of Practical Teaching System of Security Management Major in Public Security Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵培

    2015-01-01

    公安高职院校立足于职位能力需求和职业特点 ,培养政治素质高、实战能力强的应用型人才.实践教学是实现理论教学与实践工作有效结合的重要途径 ,是提高学生职业能力的有效保障 ,是公安高等职业教育的重要环节.因此 ,要通过分析公安高职院校实践教学现状及问题 ,在师资队伍建设、教学内容、教学环境、教学实施、评价机制等方面研究构建实践教学体系的途径.%The public security vocational colleges try to cultivate applied talents of high political quality and practical ability based on the position requirements and professional characteristics , .Prac-tice teaching is to realize the important way to effectively combine the theoretical teaching and practice work ,is to improve the effective guarantee the students' vocational ability ,is an important link in high-er vocational education of public security .Therefore ,by analyzing the current situation and problems of public security practice teaching in higher vocational colleges ,the construction of teachers team ,teach-ing content ,teaching environment ,teaching implementation ,and evaluation mechanism research ways to construct the practice teaching system .

  12. College Presidents' Role Performance and Faculty Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paxton, Dan R.; Thomas, Darwin L.

    1977-01-01

    Data gathered from 896 faculty members from two technical colleges, three community colleges, two private universities, and three public universities revealed three dimensions of the presidential role: personal-public image, faculty and student interaction with presidents, and absence of autocratic leadership style. (Author/LBH)

  13. College Drinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Harmful and Underage College Drinking Drinking affects college students, their families, and college communities at large. Researchers estimate that ... heavy drinking and alcohol-related consequences because of student expectations and social pressures at the start of the academic year. How ...

  14. College Readiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapa, Marisa; Galvan-De Leon, Vanessa; Solis, Judith; Mundy, Marie-Anne

    2014-01-01

    During the 79th Texas Legislature, the bill "Advancement of College Readiness in Curriculum" was passed (THECB). As a response to this, high schools and colleges have combined forming an early college high school. The result of this union was a program that condensed the time it took to complete both the high school diploma and up to two…

  15. Improving Retention Rates: One College's Stride toward Improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosco, Michael A.

    2012-01-01

    In order to support a new knowledge-based economy, President Obama has determined that more of the nation's population will need a college degree. While much of the research on two-year colleges has focused on public community colleges, there are a number of private, independent two-year colleges whose graduates will also contribute to a…

  16. 高职公共英语“情境教学”研究%"Situational Teaching" Research of Public English in Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨舟

    2012-01-01

    随着国际间的交流与合作不断加强,我国的经济、文化趋向国际化发展。企业、行业越来越青睐既有专业知识和实际操作能力,又具有良好的英语交际能力的高职人才。目前我国中学以及高校英语教学仍普遍受制于应试教育,高职公共英语教学改革势在必行。“情境教学法”是目前高职英语教学改革中的一个重要方向和提高英语教学质量的有效方法之一。“英语情境教学”有其丰富的理论依据。其灵活多样的教学方法与手段可为高职院校公共英语教学改革提供一些借鉴。%With the development of international exchange and cooperation, Chinese economy and culture have internationalized. Enterprise has increasingly focused on the graduates with both professional knowledge and practical ability and good command of English. Because at present English teaching in the middle school and college is still generally constrained by the exam-oriented education, English teaching in vocational colleges should be reformed. "Situational teaching" is one of the important directions of English teaching reform, which has its rich theoretical basis. Its flexible and diverse teaching methods and means can provide some reference for the English teaching reform in higher vocational college.

  17. Review of Research on Environmental Public Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grunig, James E.

    1977-01-01

    Reviews existing knowledge on the behavior of public relations practitioners in environmental problems, public concern and media coverage of pollution and deterioation of the natural environment. Available from: Public Relations Review, Ray Hiebert, Dean, College of Journalism, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742. (MH)

  18. Comparison Analysis of Public Security Professional and Non Public Security Professional Students'Physique in Guangxi Police Officer College%广西警官高等专科学校公安专业与非公安专业大学生体质的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王湛海

    2015-01-01

    Using the mathematical statistics method, this paper makes a comparison analysis of the core element of the public security professional and non public security professional freshmen's physical health in Guangxi police officer college, aimed at providing the reference data for function departments and the school making physical fitness test development plan.Results show that the public security professional students constitution is better than that of the non public security professional students, which reflect the proactive and important significance of interview and physical fitness test of registering for examination for the public security major.%对比广西警官高等专科学校公安专业与非公安专业高考入学大一新生的体质健康的核心因素。对收集的数据进行统计学处理,得到广西警官高等专科学校公安类专业学生体质优于非公安专业学生体质,反映了报考公安类专业通过学校组织的面试、体能测试、体检具有前瞻性和重要意义。

  19. Does Ending Affirmative Action in College Admissions Lower the Percent of Minority Students Applying to College?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickson, Lisa M.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine how ending affirmative action in public colleges in Texas affected the percent of minority high school graduates applying to college. I find the end of affirmative action significantly lowered the percent of Hispanic students applying to college by 1.6 percentage points and significantly lowered the…

  20. 普通高校与体育院校体育学硕士招生现状研究%Study on Enrollment Statu of Master Station about Public Sport Department of Ordinary Universities and Professional Sport Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田静

    2012-01-01

    The foundation and development of master stations of sport science and physical education in China mainly depends on the public sports department of ordinary universities,professional sport colleges,and normal colleges.Comparing the first two kinds of university mentioned above,there are still many differences between them although both are master station of sport science and physical education.By using the method of literature studies,experts' interview and logical analysis,the paper compares and analyzes the present situation of master about sport department of ordinary university and professional sport college,then gives suggestions.The purpose of this study is to provide reference for the construction and department of master station of sport science and physical education in our country.%我国体育学硕士点主要依托普通高校公共体育部、体育院校和师范院校办学。其中普通高校公体部与体育院校相比,二者虽同为体育学硕士点,但在诸多方面存在差异。通过文献资料、专家访谈和逻辑分析法,分析比较普通高校公体部与体育院校体育学硕士点招生现状,提出建议,为我国体育学硕士点的建设和发展提供参考。

  1. 建构主义框架下大学生英语演讲能力的提升%Improving College Students'Public Speaking Competence from the Perspective of Constructivism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高非

    2015-01-01

    Public speaking competence has become increasing important in times of globalization.Enhancing college students'public speaking competence can improve their overall abilities.This paper attempts to cash in on the theory of constructivism to explore the roles of teachers and students,scaffolding and heuristic teaching methods employed in the public speaking teaching and learning.%英语演讲能力在全球化的今天越发重要,培养此能力对大学生综合素质的提高非常有效,使他们成为当今社会所需要的人才。本文探讨了如何在建构主义学习理论的框架下,从英语演讲教学师生角色转变的角度,以及支架式、任务式和启发式教学法的角度探讨了如何提升大学生英语演讲能力。

  2. Positive Effect of Sexual Psychology on Public Physical Education in Colleges and Universities%两性心理驱动大学公共体育教学效果的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱锋

    2014-01-01

    当代大学生时值智慧焕发时期,个体心理恰好脱离心理断乳期。在公共体育课堂教学中恰当运用两性心理相互驱动的发育规律,对大学生身体素质和运动能力的提高有重要意义。体育课中将青春期的朝气具有的兴奋和好奇心理给予恰当诱导,能使大学公共体育课堂教学的效果明显提高,对大学生体育教学将起到良性影响的作用。%Sincecollege students are becoming psychologically mature while developing intelligence,their physical fitness and sports capacity will be improved if the psychological attraction between two sexes is employed in physi-cal educationpractice in colleges and universities.The excitement and curiosity presented in adolescence,if properly manipulated in public physical education course could patently enhance the teaching effect of the course in colleges and universities,and have a positive impact on physical education of the students in general.

  3. Clinical performance of a nanofilled resin composite with and without an intermediary layer of flowable composite: a 2-year evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stefanski, Sebastian; van Dijken, Jan W V

    2012-02-01

    The objective of this prospective clinical follow-up was to evaluate the 2-year clinical performance of a nanofilled resin composite in class II restorations. The restorations were made with and without intermediary layer of a nanofilled flowable resin composite studied in an intraindividual comparison. Each participant received at least two, as similar as possible, class II restorations of the nanofilled resin composite. One restoration of each pair (54) was chosen at random to be restored with an intermediary layer with flowable nanofilled resin composite. The other was restored without. The restorations were evaluated with slightly modified US Public Health Services criteria at baseline, 1, and 2 years. Ninety-two restorations, 46 pairs, were evaluated at 2 years. A prediction of the caries risk showed that 22 of the evaluated 48 patients were considered as high-risk patients. Two failures were observed, one in each group, resulting in a 2.2% failure rate. No statistical difference was seen between the restorations restored with and without layer of flowable resin composite. The nanofilled resin composite showed very good surface characteristics and color match, which did not change significantly during the follow-up period. The nanofilled resin composite showed a good clinical performance with a 2.2% failure rate after 2 years. No differences were observed between the restorations with and without the nanofilled flowable resin intermediary layer.

  4. Research on Libraries'Information Service in Colleges and Universities Based on Micro Message Public Platform%基于微信公众平台的高校图书馆信息服务研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包芳

    2015-01-01

    在当下泛在信息时代,微信依托智能手机的普及及其传播方式的多元化,正在改变着人们的生活和学习方式。本文介绍了微信及其公众平台,探讨了微信公众平台在高校图书馆开展信息服务方面的应用优势。%In this information age ,micro message is changing our living and learning style with the popularity of intelligent phones and diversification of the ways of transmission .This paper makes an intro‐duction to micro message and its public platform ,and also studies the practical advantages of applying it to the information service in college and university libraries .

  5. Investigation and Strategy on the Humanistic Public Elective Courses in Medical Colleges in Guizhou Province%贵州省医学院校人文素质公共选修课现状及对策研究∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐宇宏; 潘鸿

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To understand the attitudes of medical students to public elective courses of humanistic quality and the existing problems. Method:Questionnaires were used in 1 ~5 grade students in randomly selected five medical colleges in Guizhou. Results:Total 1000 questionnaires were sent out, 957 were received, the recovery rate was 95. 7%;817 valid questionnaires, the effective rate was 81. 7%. 75. 56% of the students supported for medical colleges and uni-versities setting up humanistic quality public elective courses, but 24. 44% had negative attitude. Conclusions:It's nec-essary to make efforts to improve the mind medical student's humanistic quality. From the perspective of serving students, school should improve medical college students' humanistic quality from various aspects.%目的:了解医学生对医学院校人文素质公共选修课的态度及存在问题。方法随机抽取贵州省5所医学院校的一至五年级学生发放调查问卷。结果发放调查问卷1000份,回收957份,回收率95.7%;有效问卷817份,有效率85.37%。75.56%的学生对医学院校开设人文素质公共选修课持支持的态度,24.44%的学生持否定态度。结论提高医学生的人文素质要从服务学生的角度出发,调整人文课程,提高其针对性;加强师资力量培训,充分利用社会资源;制定考核激励措施调动教师积极性;丰富教学及考核方式。

  6. Research on Strategies of the University-College Secondary Financial Management of Public Universities%公立高校校院二级财务管理的策略探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁宇

    2015-01-01

    我国高校迫切需要建立一种在实践中能处理好集权和分权,并将学校统一领导和院系分级管理结合在一起的校院二级财务管理制度。本文在对公立高校实施二级财务管理制度进行界定的基础上,结合我国公立高校二级财务管理运行的实际情况,对公立高校二级财务管理的模式以及存在的问题进行了分析,同时阐述了国外高校财务管理对我国的启示,最后提出了改进公立高校二级财务管理的对策。%It is an urgent need for public universities to establish the university-college secondary financial management system in China. This system can handle the centralization and decentralization well in practice, and combine school unified leadership with department hierarchical management. Based on the definition of implementation of the secondary financial management system of public universities, combined with actual situation of the operation, this paper analyzes the secondary financial management model and the existing problems of public universities. Meanwhile, the paper describes the financial management enlightenment which brought by foreign universities. Finaly, strategies are put forward in order to do wel on the secondary financial management of public universities.

  7. Effect of the Transcendental Meditation Program on Graduation, College Acceptance and Dropout Rates for Students Attending an Urban Public High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colbert, Robert D.

    2013-01-01

    High school graduation rates nationally have declined in recent years, despite public and private efforts. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether practice of the Quiet Time/Transcendental Meditation® program at a medium-size urban school results in higher school graduation rates compared to students who do not receive training…

  8. Is Demography Still Destiny? Neighborhood Demographics and Public High School Students' Readiness for College in New York City. A Research and Policy Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fruchter, Norm; Hester, Megan; Mokhtar, Christina; Shahn, Zach

    2012-01-01

    Over the past decade, Mayor Michael Bloomberg has reorganized the New York City school system using principles and strategies extrapolated from his corporate sector experience. The mayor and his administration have restructured the public school system into a portfolio district centered on choice, autonomy, and accountability. These strategies…

  9. Effect of the Transcendental Meditation Program on Graduation, College Acceptance and Dropout Rates for Students Attending an Urban Public High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colbert, Robert D.

    2013-01-01

    High school graduation rates nationally have declined in recent years, despite public and private efforts. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether practice of the Quiet Time/Transcendental Meditation® program at a medium-size urban school results in higher school graduation rates compared to students who do not receive training…

  10. How Need-Based Financial Aid Reduces College Attrition among Low-Income Public University Students: The Role of Time Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldrick-Rab, Sara; Harris, Douglas N.; Benson, James

    2011-01-01

    The authors examine whether a need-based financial grant distribution "at random" to 1,500 Wisconsin Pell Grant recipients attending 13 public universities had an impact on how they allocated their time devoted to (a) working, (b) studying, (c) sleeping, and (d) socializing. To test whether time use mediates the relationship between aid…

  11. An Implementation Analysis of Threat Assessment Policies in Public Universities and Community Colleges in Central Texas: A Post Virginia Tech Incident Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piet DeLaTorre, Christine

    2011-01-01

    It is clear that the tragic events at Virginia Tech and other institutions of higher education (IHEs) have brought threat assessment to the forefront of higher education literature and increased public concern for campus safety. IHEs have a profound duty to learn from the Virginia Tech tragedy and to recognize their responsibility in providing a…

  12. On Career Shaping Education in Public Security Colleges%论公安院校学生的职业形塑教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨海涛; 施昶佺

    2014-01-01

    Career shaping education is the core of public security higher education and the fundamental approach to cultivate qualified successors to the cause of public security. Problems such as skin-deep thinking and understanding, lower rates of graduates enrolling police, and the shortage of teachers are multiple difficulties facing public security education. By means of deepening our understanding, strengthening career education concept, and enhancing the comprehensive and professional qualities, we are expected to maintain sustainable development of public security higher education, respond to the new expectations of professional specialization in the construction of public security personnel and adapt to a new era development and social requirements from the pubic.%职业形塑教育是公安高等教育的核心内容,是公安院校培养合格公安事业接班人的基本途径。在面临思想认识不深入、毕业生入警率下降、师资短缺等多重困境的情况下,只有通过深化思想认识、强化职业观教育、加强职业素质和综合素质等途径,不断加强公安院校学生的职业形塑教育,才能完成公安高等教育可持续发展的新任务,才能回应公安人才队伍建设职业化专业化的新期待,才能顺应时代发展和社会公众对公安工作的新要求。

  13. Supporting the Public Benefits of Public Higher Education. Policy Statement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandler, Alice

    This policy statement from the American Association of State Colleges and Universities addresses the benefits of public higher education. Along with introductory and concluding sections, the statement addresses access, academic quality, research and public service, accountability, public financial support, and balanced governance. The statement…

  14. 公安院校女生心理压力分析及调节策略研究%A Study on Psychological Pressure Analyses of Girls and Adjustment Strategies in Public Security colleges and universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨恒毅

    2012-01-01

      As the reserve police officers of the People’s Republic of China, girls in public security colleges and universities shoulder the great task of national public security career development while girls are much easier than boys under the influence of psychological pressures caused by their physiological and psychological factors. Whether we can effectively help girls eliminate their psychological pressures and make them keep healthy in body and mind will directly affect the qualities of the future police groups. This article analyzed girls’ psychological pressures from the policing management model, study pressures and employment pressures, and further put forward some countermeasures to help girls in public security colleges and universities to accept psychological counseling so as to ease psychological pressures and maintain psychological health by strengthening communication, building a learning environment and enhancing psychological guidance, etc..%  公安院校女生作为共和国的预备警官,承载着祖国公安事业发展的重任,而女性特殊的生理心理因素,使她们较男性更容易受到心理压力的侵扰,所以能否有效帮助公安院校女生疏导心理压力,保持身心健康将直接影响到未来警察群体的素质。本文主要从警务化管理产生的压力、学业压力和就业压力三方面对公安院校女生所面临的压力进行了剖析,并提出通过加强沟通交流、营造学习氛围、加强心理辅导等措施来帮助公安院校女生进行心理疏导,排解心理压力,保持心理健康。

  15. Privatization and the Public Good

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, Matthew T.

    2015-01-01

    After two centuries of public higher education in the United States, the covenant between public colleges and universities and the public that created and funded them is under strain. In a time of scarce resources and changing policy in many corners of the country and around the globe, privatization has emerged as a possible replacement for the…

  16. Ethnic-racial socialization and adjustment among Latino college students: the mediating roles of ethnic centrality, public regard, and perceived barriers to opportunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivas-Drake, Deborah

    2011-05-01

    Parents' efforts to socialize their children around issues of ethnicity and race have implications for well-being in several life domains, including academic and psychological adjustment. The present study tested a multiple mediator model in which parental ethnic-racial socialization was linked to psychological adjustment through two dimensions of ethnic identity (ethnic centrality and public regard) as well as two types of perceived barriers to opportunity (language and economic). Data were drawn from a sample of Latino students (N = 227; 65% women) attending a highly selective university. Results suggest that cultural socialization was related to self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and physical symptoms, and that part of its association with self-esteem was mediated by ethnic centrality beliefs. In contrast, preparation for bias had few direct associations with adjustment in this sample; this type of ethnic-racial socialization primarily functioned through its association with public regard and perceived language barriers to upward mobility. Moreover, in predicting self-esteem, public regard and perceived language barriers exhibited equally important roles as mediators of preparation for bias. These findings extend previous research, and implications for future research on ethnic-racial socialization among Latinos are discussed.

  17. Impact maturity times and citation time windows: The 2-year maximum journal impact factor

    CERN Document Server

    Dorta-Gonzalez, Pablo

    2013-01-01

    Journal metrics are employed for the assessment of scientific scholar journals from a general bibliometric perspective. In this context, the Thomson Reuters journal impact factors (JIF) are the citation-based indicators most used. The 2-year journal impact factor (2-JIF) counts citations to one and two year old articles, while the 5-year journal impact factor (5-JIF) counts citations from one to five year old articles. Nevertheless, these indicators are not comparable among fields of science for two reasons: (i) each field has a different impact maturity time, and (ii) because of systematic differences in publication and citation behaviour across disciplines. In fact, the 5-JIF firstly appeared in the Journal Citation Reports (JCR) in 2007 with the purpose of making more comparable impacts in fields in which impact matures slowly. However, there is not an optimal fixed impact maturity time valid for all the fields. In some of them two years provides a good performance whereas in others three or more years are...

  18. Occupational and educational aspirations and attainment of young adults with and without LD 2 years after high school completion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rojewski, J W

    1999-01-01

    A national longitudinal database was used to compare the aspirations and attainment of individuals with and without learning disabilities (LD) 2 years after high school completion. Analyses revealed that individuals with LD reported lower graduation rates, were more likely to aspire to moderate- (men) or low-prestige (women) occupations, and were more likely to be employed and less likely to be enrolled in some type of postsecondary education program than their nondisabled peers. High educational aspirations in Grade 12 and successful completion of an academic or college-prep high school program were equally important in predicting 2-year postsecondary status for adolescents enrolled in postsecondary education regardless of disability status. However, depending on disability status, different predictors were identified for individuals who were either employed or out of the workforce. These results point to a continued need for transition planning and support for young adults with LD and suggest ways in which professionals can anticipate and adjust for identified differences in aspirations and postsecondary attainment.

  19. POST-PLACENTAL INTRAUTERINE CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICE (PPIUCD INSERTION -2 YEAR EXPERIENCE AT A GOVT. MEDICAL COLLEGE, VIMS, BELLARY, KARNATAKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asha Rani

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Post-partum period is one of the critical times when both woman and new-born need a special and integrated package of health services as morbidity and mortality rates are quite high during this period and also the women are vulnerable to unintended pregnancy. Studies show that pregnancies taking place within 24 months of a previous birth have a higher risk of adverse outcomes like abortions, premature labor, post-partum haemorrhage, low birth weight babies, fetal loss and maternal death. In India, 65 percent of women in the first year post-partum have an unmet need for family planning. Hence, contraception needs to be practiced in this critical period.1 Intrauterine contraceptive device is the most commonly used reversible method of contraception worldwide with about 127 million current users.2 Insertion of an IUD immediately after delivery is appealing for several reasons. The woman is not pregnant and is motivated for contraception and the setting is convenient for both woman and provider. For women with limited access to medical care, the delivery affords a unique opportunity to address the need for contraception. The evidence for post-partum IUD insertion was weak when this study was undertaken. Therefore, the present study was planned to evaluate the safety and efficacy (In terms of pain, expulsion, excessive bleeding, foul smelling vaginal discharge of insertion of immediate post-partum IUD in women delivering vaginally or by caesarean section.

  20. Psychosocial work environment predictors of short and long spells of registered sickness absence during a 2-year follow up

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Martin L; Rugulies, Reiner; Christensen, Karl B

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of psychosocial work environment factors on short and long absence spells. METHODS: Questionnaire data on work environment exposures and registered absence data during 2-year follow up were analyzed with Poisson regression...... for 1919 employees from the private and public sector. RESULTS: Short spells (1-10 working days) were predicted by low supervisor support, low predictability, and low meaning at work among men and high skill discretion among women. Long spells (>10 days) were predicted by low decision authority, low...... and long absence spells. Effects also differ by gender....

  1. 对高校学生突发公共卫生事件认知行为的调查分析%Investigation and analysis on cognition behavior of sudden public healthy events of college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志刚; 姜佳星; 陆素琴; 纪喆; 吴敏

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To discuss the college students,attitudes and attention of public health emergencies and help them to respond to the emergencies better. Methods:By designing a self questionnaire, 150 students from Jiangsu University were randomly anonymous surveyed. Results:150 questionnaires were distributed and 141 were effective,the efficiency rate was 94%. Of which age of 19-22 yrs, mean age 20.1 yrs;41 (29.08%) boys, 100 (70.92%) girls. The main way through which college students learned about H7N9 viral infection was network media (63.83%),including messages、QQ、net news etc. Followed by the traditional media such as newspapers, television and radios (25.53%) . College student's attention to this incident accounted for 92.20%. 64.54%stu-dents learned knowledge actively;90.78%students knowed how to prevent. The death cases had some influence on college life , es-pecially on boys (P<0.05). Conclusion:Society and schools should make risk management to establish a sense of crisis,and then form the concept of crisis in order to respond to public health emergencies better ,and all levels of government need to guide the work.%目的:探讨大学生对突发公共卫生事件的态度与关注情况,帮助其更好地应对突发公共卫生事件。方法:采用问卷调查法,自行设计调查问卷对江苏大学在校150名学生进行抽样匿名问卷调查。结果:发放并回收问卷150份,其中有效问卷141份,有效率94%。年龄19~22岁,平均年龄20.1岁;男生41人(29.08%),女生100人(70.92%)。大学生获知此次H7N9病毒感染事件的主要方式是通过网络媒体,包括短信、微信、QQ、网络新闻等,占到被调查总数63.83%;其次是报纸、电视、广播等传统媒体,占25.53%。大学生对此次事件的关注情况达到92.20%;64.54%的学生主动学习相关知识;90.78%的学生了解如何预防;出现的死亡病例对大学生的生活有一定的影响

  2. 网络舆情引导对高校学生工作的现实价值%THE REALITY VALUE OF THE ORIENTATION OF INTERNET PUBLIC OPINION TO COLLEGE STUDENTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭民工

    2011-01-01

    网络舆情引导作为新时期学生工作的重要方法,是现代心理学、教育学、社会学、运筹学等多学科理论与学校教育实践相结合的产物;是学生工作者向大学生传播信息、沟通意见的基本方法;是学生工作以人为本的具体体现;是构建和谐校园的重要途径。网络舆情引导对高校学生工作具有导向价值、调节价值和凝聚价值。%Orientation of Internet public opinion,which is developed by combining multiple subjects such as modern psychology,education science,sociology and operational research with practice of school education,is one of the most important means of students education and management in the new era.It is the basic method used by staffs of students education and management to transmit information and communicate with college students.People-oriented principle is embodied concretely in students education and management by orientation of Internet public opinion.At the same time,it is the significant means to build harmonious campus.Orientation of Internet public opinion has direction value,adjustment value and cohesion value to student education and management of universities.

  3. 在线讨论变革高校公选课学习模式的实证研究%Empirical Study on Learning Mode Reform of College Public Elective Course Based on Online Discussion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁兴连; 操良平; 罗江华

    2016-01-01

    在线讨论已成为契合公选课教学改革需求的选择之一。定量与定性数据分析表明:学习者在线讨论的时间与终端均呈分布式特征,部分学习者表现出较强适应性,学习者批判性思维得到一定锻炼。在线讨论契合学习者随时、随地与任何设备的网络生存方式,彰显增效、提质与创新升级的教育价值,能够消解公选课时空冲突和提升教学质量。提出加强公选课质量内涵建设、创造网络学习的便利条件、改革公选课选课管理制度的建设措施。%Based on the value of online discussion, this study built online discussion environment and learning mode to carry out public elective course. Quantitative and qualitative data analysis showed that learning time and de-vices of the learners indicated distributed features,some learners had strong adaptability,and learners got some exer-cises of critical thinking. Online discussion learning mode fits on the way of network survival of anytime,anywhere and any device of learners,demonstrates the educational value of efficiency,quality and promoting innovation in improving traditional learning mode,removes the time and space conflicts and enhances the teaching quality of college public elective courses. Propose constructive measures,including strengthening the connotation of course quality,providing convenient conditions for online learning, and reforming management system of public elective courses.

  4. Baotou Teachers College Public Physical Education Teaching Model reform of Research%包头师范学院公共体育课教学模式改革的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    云仲明

    2015-01-01

    At present our country universities of public physical education teaching reform to unfold, these public sports teaching mode reform is one of the hot issue of research .In this paper , based on domestic and foreign research present situation and trend in combination with the actual teaching situation of our school to explore a new idea of public PE teaching reform in our school , and on the basis of the study , trying to build a new , more effective and reasonable teaching mode .This study to explore effective for college sports new curriculum concepts provide theoretical basis for the teaching practice and the specific application of teaching technology , undoubtedly have im-portant practical significance .%目前我国各高校对公共体育课教学的改革以深入展开,其中公共体育教学模式的改革已是研究的热点问题之一。本文根据国内外研究现状及趋势结合我校的实际教学状况探讨我校公共体育教学改革的新思路,并在此研究的基础上,尝试构建新的,更为有效、合理的教学模式。此研究对于探讨有效开展大学体育新教改理念的教学实践活动提供理论依据和具体的教学应用技术,无疑具有重要的实践意义。

  5. 论大学英语教材数字出版的发展趋势与应对策略%Tendency and Countermeasures for Digital Publication of College English Teaching Material

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄敏

    2015-01-01

    立体化教材出版已经成为大学英语教材数字出版的主流趋势。目前大学英语立体化教材出版还存在很多问题:在编写方面,教材质量参差不齐,教材内容缺乏真实性,教材编写缺乏一线教师参与,立体化教材开发成本过高;在出版和发行方面,出版市场不规范,教材发行渠道狭窄。要改进大学英语立体化教材出版工作,应充分利用信息技术优势为英语教材出版服务;提升教材编写及出版质量;丰富英语教材出版类型;面向国际市场,加强国际出版合作。%Dimensional teaching material publishing has become the major trend of college English digital publication. Yet problems still exist such as low qualities, lack of authenticity and contribution of front-line teachers, high development cost, mar-ket disorder, and narrow distribution channel. To improve the publishing of dimensional teaching materials, we should take full advantage of information technology, improve the quality of compilation and publication, provide different types of publication and products, and strengthen international cooperation.

  6. The Relation of Early Adolescents' College Plans and Both Academic Ability and Task-Value Beliefs to Subsequent College Enrollment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eccles, Jacquelynne S.; Vida, Mina N.; Barber, Bonnie

    2004-01-01

    Although it is likely that plans to attend a 4-year college are made much earlier than the last 2 years of high school, few researchers have assessed the pre-high school factors that influence high school performance and course-enrollment decisions, which, in turn, affect college attendance. The data presented in this article were collected as…

  7. The Relation of Early Adolescents' College Plans and Both Academic Ability and Task-Value Beliefs to Subsequent College Enrollment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eccles, Jacquelynne S.; Vida, Mina N.; Barber, Bonnie

    2004-01-01

    Although it is likely that plans to attend a 4-year college are made much earlier than the last 2 years of high school, few researchers have assessed the pre-high school factors that influence high school performance and course-enrollment decisions, which, in turn, affect college attendance. The data presented in this article were collected as…

  8. Construction of Clean Administration in Secondary Schools in Colleges and Universities Based on the Theory of Public Governance%治理理论视阈下高校二级学院廉政建设的路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季俊峰; 李淑贤

    2016-01-01

    校院两级管理下的高校二级学院存在诸多廉政风险,主要表现为权力资源相对集中、权力运行不规范、监督体系和干部激励机制不健全,其根本原因则在于学院治理结构不完善。要妥善解决这个问题,应运用治理理论,合理配置二级学院权力资源,建立健全各利益相关方有效参与学院治理的机制,创新二级学院监督体系,深化干部人事制度改革,构筑惩治和预防腐败的制度防线,从而真正实现二级学院的善治。%Secondary schools in colleges and universities, under the two-level administration system, feature high integrity risks, which can mainly be found in relatively centralized powers, irregular power operation, lack of effective supervision and ill-performed incentive mechanisms. All this is caused by imperfect administrative and supervision system in secondary schools. Theory of public governance made proper use of, rational allocation of powers, more effective participation of related parties in college administration, perfecting the supervision system, reforming the management system for the officials and strengthening the system frontline for anti-corruption and punishment will lead to well-managed secondary schools.

  9. College-Level Choice of Latino High School Students: A Social-Cognitive Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Laura M.

    2012-01-01

    Latino students attend 2-year colleges more often than 4-year colleges. This has an impact on the rate of bachelor's degree attainment, because the transfer rate between the 2 levels is low. The author uses national data to identify predictors associated with college-level choice and then uses social-cognitive career theory (Lent, Brown, &…

  10. College-Level Choice of Latino High School Students: A Social-Cognitive Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Laura M.

    2012-01-01

    Latino students attend 2-year colleges more often than 4-year colleges. This has an impact on the rate of bachelor's degree attainment, because the transfer rate between the 2 levels is low. The author uses national data to identify predictors associated with college-level choice and then uses social-cognitive career theory (Lent, Brown, &…

  11. Physical Activity among Community College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Sarah J.; Sturts, Jill R.; Ross, Craig M.

    2015-01-01

    This exploratory study provides insight into the perceived physical activity levels of students attending a Midwestern 2-year community college. Over 60% of respondents were classified as overweight or obese based on a BMI measurement. The majority of respondents were not participating regularly in physical activity to gain any health benefits,…

  12. Physical Activity among Community College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Sarah J.; Sturts, Jill R.; Ross, Craig M.

    2015-01-01

    This exploratory study provides insight into the perceived physical activity levels of students attending a Midwestern 2-year community college. Over 60% of respondents were classified as overweight or obese based on a BMI measurement. The majority of respondents were not participating regularly in physical activity to gain any health benefits,…

  13. Assessment of a national network: the case of the French teacher training colleges' health education network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guével, Marie-Renée; Jourdan, Didier

    2009-06-01

    The French teacher training colleges' health education (HE) network was set up in 2005 to encourage the inclusion of HE in courses for primary and secondary school teachers. A systematic process of monitoring the activity and the impact of this initiative was implemented. This analysis was systematically compared with the perceptions of teaching staff involved in the network. This paper assesses the network after 2 years using documents produced and interviews with 24 coordinators. Twenty-nine teacher training colleges out of a total of 31 are involved in the network. The network has helped to create links between teacher training colleges, extend HE training and encourage partnerships with other public health organizations. By 2007, HE was included in courses offered by 19 teacher training colleges as opposed to only 3 in 2005. This study not only showed the positive impact of the network but also revealed issues in its management and presented new challenges to ensure the effectiveness of the network. The network has succeeded in attracting and training trainers who were already providing or were interested in HE. Reaching other trainers who are not familiar with HE remains a challenge for the future.

  14. Influence of female college students’ losing contact events on female public social psychology%女大学生失联事件对女性公众社会心态的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗维; 韩蓁

    2015-01-01

    目的:调查女性公众对女大学生失联事件的认识及归因,对安全教育的心理需求,探索为女性公众提供心理健康服务的有效方法。方法媒体报道女大学生失联事件发生后3个月,自编《女大学生失联事件调查问卷》对女大学生、女生母亲、女教师3个群体共计1200名女性公众展开问卷调查。结果58.39%~78.53%的女性公众归因于女大学生缺乏自我防范意识(χ2=31.001,P<0.001);50.0%~58.11%的女性公众关注失联事件(χ2=26.803,P=0.001),28.31%~40.76%的女性公众出现担心、伤心、焦虑情绪(χ2=47.439,P<0.001),34.1%~47.0%的女性公众限制出行;女生母亲比女教师认为女大学生遭遇危险的可能性更高(χ2=31.001,P<0.001);安全讲座、宣传单、座谈会是女性公众更为接受的预防方法(χ2=168.392,P<0.001)。结论失联事件对女性公众带来明显的负面影响,新闻报道依然是影响社会舆论的主要方法,加强教育和社会监管的同时,个人需要提高自身的安全隐患意识。%Objective To investigate the understanding and attribution of female public on female college students’ losing contact events and their psychological demands for safety education, and to explore effective methods to provide mental health services for female public. Methods Three months after the losing contact events, the research was carried out among 1 200 females including college students, teachers and mothers with Questionnaire of Female Students ’ Losing Contact Events designed by the researchers.Results Totally 58.39%~78.53%of the female public attributed it to the lack of self-protection sense among female students (χ2 =31.001,P<0.001). There were 50.6%-58.3%of the female public paying attention to the events (χ2 =26.803,P=0.001), 28.31%-40.76% suffering fear, sadness and anxiety (

  15. Sleep Duration, but Not Insomnia, Predicts the 2-Year Course of Depressive and Anxiety Disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Mill, Josine G.; Vogelzangs, Nicole; van Someren, Eus J. W.; Hoogendijk, Witte J. G.; Penninx, Brenda W. J. H.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To examine the predictive role of insomnia and sleep duration on the 2-year course of depressive and anxiety disorders. Method: This study is a secondary data analysis based on data from the baseline (2004-2007) and 2-year assessment of the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety. Par

  16. 7 CFR 25.403. - Ongoing 2-year work plan requirement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Ongoing 2-year work plan requirement. 25.403. Section... COMMUNITIES Post-Designation Requirements § 25.403. Ongoing 2-year work plan requirement. (a) Each Empowerment Zone and Enterprise Community shall prepare and submit annually, work plans for the subsequent...

  17. Night-vision goggles for night-blind subjects : subjective evaluation after 2 years of use

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartong, D. T.; Kooijman, A. C.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the usefulness of night-vision goggles (NVG) for night-blind subjects after 1 and 2 years of use. Methods: Eleven night-blind subjects with retinitis pigmentosa used NVG for a 2-year period. At the end of each year, they were requested to fill-in two questionnaires regarding the

  18. Sleep duration, but not insomnia, predicts the 2-year course of depressive and anxiety disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. van Mill; N. Vogelzangs (Nicole); E.J.W. van Someren (Eus); W.J.G. Hoogendijk (Witte); B.W.J.H. Penninx (Brenda)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractObjective: To examine the predictive role of insomnia andsleep duration on the 2-year course of depressive andanxiety disorders. Method: This study is a secondary data analysis based ondata from the baseline (2004-2007) and 2-year assessmentof the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxi

  19. Sleep duration, but not insomnia, predicts the 2-year course of depressive and anxiety disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Mill, Josine G; Vogelzangs, Nicole; van Someren, Eus J W; Hoogendijk, Witte J G; Penninx, Brenda W J H

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the predictive role of insomnia and sleep duration on the 2-year course of depressive and anxiety disorders. METHOD: This study is a secondary data analysis based on data from the baseline (2004-2007) and 2-year assessment of the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety. Par

  20. Coastline Community College: An Idea Beyond Tradition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luskin, Bernard J.; Small, James

    Since Coastline Community College (CCC) opened in Fall 1976, CCC has served as a model for the community-based, "college beyond walls" movement. CCC, which has no physical campus, uses 127 existing facilities throughout its service area, including public and private buildings, homes, and businesses. Besides eliminating high construction…

  1. Marketing the College Brand in Ontario

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holgerson, Ronald

    2005-01-01

    Since inception of the Ontario college system in 1967, the quality of a diploma or certificate in comparison to a university degree has been perceived as an inferior rather than alternative academic credential. As public institutions, community colleges are mandated to respond to regional labour force needs, and to provide graduates who will…

  2. Hispanic Transfer in 2-Year Hispanic-Serving Institutions. A White Paper for HACU

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunez, Anne-Marie; Crisp, Gloria; Elizondo, Diane

    2012-01-01

    Community colleges offer Hispanic students a critical gateway to bachelor's degrees, but these institutions also have low transfer rates to four-year institutions. Some research suggests that Hispanic-Serving community colleges have higher Hispanic transfer rates. This paper examines transfer patterns of a national sample of Hispanic community…

  3. 高校公共选修课视域下的创新型人才培养模式探析%Analysis of Innovative Talents Cultivating Model under the College Public Elective Courses Vision

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵安平

    2012-01-01

    创新是人才最显著的特征,大学是培养人才的摇篮。培养创新型人才是目前高校最紧要的目标之一,创新性思维是创新型人才智力结构的核心。随着科学的高速发展,学科交叉成为当今学术研究的热点和重点问题,公共选修课是进行交叉学科培养创新型人才的有效途径。如何在公共选修课视域下培养学生的创新性思维,成为高等院校课程教学改革的重中之重。从创新性思维入手,以高校公共选修课为支点,展开对交叉学科视野下培养学生的创新性思维的探讨,并提出几点思考。%Cultivating innovative talents is one of the most critical goals in the university and innovative thinking is the core of the innovative talent intelligence structure. With the rapid development of science, inter- disciplinary is becoming key issues of today's academic research, public elective courses are the effective way to cultivate innovative talents by interdisciplinary. How to develop studentsj creative thinking in the public elective sight becomes the top priority of the reform of institutions of higher teaching. In this paper, we take the Innovative thinking cultivation as a start point and tale the college elective course as an example to discuss the teaching mode for facilitating students' innovative thinking cultivation in the interdisciplinary perspective.

  4. Causes of College Students' Fear of Facing Public and the Countermeasures%浅析大学生面众恐惧心理产生的原因及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高振禄; 方鸿志

    2016-01-01

    Fear of facing public generated many negative effects on college students learning life and their future development. From subjective and objective reasons, this paper explored two aspects of the fear, in which subjective reasons include the cognitive biases, lack of confidence, lack of communication skills and the like;objective reasons include socio-cultural environment, family, school environment and peer relationship. At last, this paper proposed effective measures from social, family, school and personal aspects to overcome the fear of facing public in order to help students build self-confidence, strengthen psychological quality and improve communication skills. The aim is to create a harmonious interpersonal relationship and make them successfully complete their education and prepare for their future career.%面众恐惧对大学生的学习生活产生诸多消极影响,甚至会阻碍大学生未来的发展.从主观原因和客观原因两大方面探求产生面众恐惧的原因,发现大学生面众恐惧的主观原因包括认知偏差、自信心缺乏、交流技能匮乏等;客观原因包括社会文化环境、家庭因素、学校环境、同伴关系.并从社会、家庭、学校、个人四个方面提出克服面众恐惧心理的有效措施,以帮助当代大学生树立自信、强化心理素质、提升面众交流能力,从而为营造和谐人际关系顺利完成学业和未来的职业生涯打下坚实的基础.

  5. American Association of Colleges of Nursing

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Interprofessional Education Public Health Nursing QSEN Module Series NURSING SHORTAGE RESOURCES About the Nursing Shortage I mpact ... Social Media Communities American Association of Colleges of Nursing One Dupont Circle, NW Suite 530 Washington, DC ...

  6. A Brief Talk about Student Management and Ideological Education in Public Security Colleges%浅谈新时期公安院校学管与思想教育工作的优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁小平

    2014-01-01

    具有公安院校特色的学生管理与思想教育工作越来越重要,学管干部针对学生管理中存在的问题,应加强政治建警,培养学生职业道德和社会责任;“严”字当头,严格训练、纪律和学风;变“管”为“理”,实行人性化管理;提升自我,加强管理队伍建设。%Student management and ideological education in public security colleges are more and more important. Cadres who care about the problems in student management, should im-prove the students' political education, and develop their profes-sional ethics and social responsibility. It is necessary to be strict at training, discipline and study. We need to change our mind from government to management, put human management into practice, and at the same time, improve ourselves and strengthen the construction of management teams.

  7. Strategies to Advance College-Ready Writing Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Manhui Amy

    2013-01-01

    While many college students at two-year public colleges need Basic Writing classes before entering college-level writing courses, only 34% have successfully passed their Basic Writing classes (Ternes, 2008). Troyo (2000) maintained that the reason students failed in Basic Writing classes was that more research-based effective teaching strategies…

  8. Texas Community College Fundraising: Strategies for Meeting Future Financial Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Esmeralda

    2009-01-01

    While the entire weakened economy has had serious implications for higher education and the public investment in the mission of community college, the literature reveals a limited amount of research regarding the types, prevalence, and accountability of more sophisticated fundraising efforts in community colleges. Community colleges are seeking to…

  9. Public Policy Agenda, 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The 2009 Public Policy Agenda summarizes the American Association of State Colleges and Universities' (AASCU's) principles and priorities in key areas of higher education policy. The document is intended to serve as a point of reference for the association's members and other interested organizations as well as federal and state policymakers.…

  10. Public Policy Agenda, 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The 2007 Public Policy Agenda summarizes the American Association of State Colleges and Universities' (AASCU's) principles and priorities in key areas of higher education policy. The document is intended to serve as a point of reference for federal and state policymakers, the association's members, and other interested organizations and…

  11. Public Policy Agenda, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2011

    2011-01-01

    American Association of State Colleges and Universities' (AASCU's) public policy agenda, rooted in an uncompromising commitment to opportunity for the nation's students, is expressed through the following core principles: (1) Higher education is a common good that provides significant benefits to individuals and society as a whole; (2) America's…

  12. Public Policy Agenda, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The 2010 Public Policy Agenda summarizes the American Association of State Colleges and Universities' (AASCU's) principles and priorities in key areas of higher education policy. This paper is intended to serve as a point of reference for the association's members and other interested organizations, as well as federal and state policymakers.…

  13. Public Policy Agenda, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2008

    2008-01-01

    The 2008 Public Policy Agenda summarizes the American Association of State Colleges and Universities' (AASCU's) principles and priorities in key areas of higher education policy. The document is intended to serve as a point of reference for federal and state policymakers, the association's members, and other interested organizations and…

  14. Public Policy Agenda, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The 2010 Public Policy Agenda summarizes the American Association of State Colleges and Universities' (AASCU's) principles and priorities in key areas of higher education policy. This paper is intended to serve as a point of reference for the association's members and other interested organizations, as well as federal and state policymakers.…

  15. Public Policy Agenda, 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The 2007 Public Policy Agenda summarizes the American Association of State Colleges and Universities' (AASCU's) principles and priorities in key areas of higher education policy. The document is intended to serve as a point of reference for federal and state policymakers, the association's members, and other interested organizations and…

  16. Public Policy Agenda, 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The 2009 Public Policy Agenda summarizes the American Association of State Colleges and Universities' (AASCU's) principles and priorities in key areas of higher education policy. The document is intended to serve as a point of reference for the association's members and other interested organizations as well as federal and state policymakers.…

  17. Public Policy Agenda, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2011

    2011-01-01

    American Association of State Colleges and Universities' (AASCU's) public policy agenda, rooted in an uncompromising commitment to opportunity for the nation's students, is expressed through the following core principles: (1) Higher education is a common good that provides significant benefits to individuals and society as a whole; (2) America's…

  18. Public Policy Agenda, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2008

    2008-01-01

    The 2008 Public Policy Agenda summarizes the American Association of State Colleges and Universities' (AASCU's) principles and priorities in key areas of higher education policy. The document is intended to serve as a point of reference for federal and state policymakers, the association's members, and other interested organizations and…

  19. On Reflection of College English teaching through English Public Speaking%透过英语演讲反思大学英语口语教学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李风侠; 梁新惠

    2009-01-01

    In the world where the communication plays a major role,English oral expression is one of the basic qualities for compound talents.Being quick-mindedI and eloquent is essential for the students to pursue development,which is also a strong guarantee for their future Success.Meanwhile it is one of the major bottlenecks restricting 21st century's CE teaching.More and more students hope to extricate themselves from the predicament of Dumb English.This paperprobes into CE teaching through English Public Speaking and analyzes the reason of "Dumb English".It then puts forcqards the mosses of reforming CE teaching.%在当今交际扮演主要角色的社会,英语口头表达能力是现代复合型人才必备的基本素质,思维敏捷,能言善辩是学生未来寻求发展机会的重要条件,也是他们未来事业成功的保证.同样它也是制约二十一世纪大学英语教学的主要瓶颈,越来越多的学生希望能够摆脱"哑巴英语"的困境.本文透过英语演讲反思大学英语教学,探究造成"哑巴英语"的原因,提出改革大学英语教学的举措.

  20. 如何提升高校大学生的艺术素养——以公共声乐教学为例%How to Enhance the Artistic Quality of College Students——A Case Study of Public Vocal Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘小星; 陈志红

    2015-01-01

    随着我国经济的快速进步,文化事业不断发展繁荣,社会越来越重视高校大学生艺术素养的培养问题,公共声乐教育作为高校艺术教育的重要内容之一,对于提升高校大学生艺术素养具有重要的促进作用.①结合高校大学生的特点,本文对高校声乐教学展开研究,希望可以找到合适的方法提高高校大学生的艺术素养.%With the rapid progress of China's economy, the development of cultural undertakings prosperous, more attention paid to the cultivation of artistic accomplishment of college students, public vocal music education as an important part of art education, and for enhancing the artistic quality of college students have an important catalytic effect. Combine the charac-teristics of college students, this paper a study of vocal music education for college, hoping to find ways to improve the artistic quality of college students.

  1. 高职院校公共基础课教学改革的博弈分析%Gaming Analysis of Teaching Reform of Public Basic Courses in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石玉芬

    2014-01-01

    在当前高职院校公共基础课生存和发展受到严重挑战的大背景下,运用委托-代理模型分析在课程改革中学校与教师之间的博弈,运用多次重复模型分析教师和学生之间的博弈。结果表明:学校只有用一定的课时量以必修的方式来开设公共基础课才能获得期望收益;在教师教学改革的过程中学校要监督和激励并重才能促使教师主动进行教学改革;在教师和学生的博弈中,教师教改的程度和教学管理的力度是遏制高职院校学生学习不努力的有效途径;在教学改革这个永恒的课题里,只有学校:教师和学生三方利益均衡,才能使整个教育体系实现帕累托最优。%In the background of the survival and development of public basic course reform in higher vocational courses in the serious challenge, the necessity to use skill game model to analyze the school public basic course; based on the principal-agent model to analyze the game between schools in the curriculum reform and teacher by repeatedly; game analysis model between teachers and students, and the results show that the school only with a certain amount of time to a compulsory way to open to public basic course to obtain expected return; in the process of teaching reform in schools to supervision and incentives to encourage teachers actively carry out teaching reform; game in the teachers and students in the teaching level, teaching reform and teaching management is to curb at present, vocational college students to learn effective ways to work hard; in the teaching reform of the eternal topic, only the schools, teachers and students of three party interests balance to make the entire education system to achieve Pareto optimal.

  2. Public Perspectives of Mobile Phones' Effects on Healthcare Quality and Medical Data Security and Privacy: A 2-Year Nationwide Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Joshua E; Ancker, Jessica S

    2015-01-01

    Given growing interest in mobile phones for health management (mHealth), we surveyed consumer perceptions of mHealth in security, privacy, and healthcare quality using national random-digit-dial telephone surveys in 2013 and 2014. In 2013, 48% thought that using a mobile phone to communicate data with a physician's electronic health record (EHR) would improve the quality of health care. By 2014, the proportion rose to 57% (p mobile phones than they were to endorse similar concerns with EHRs or health information exchange (HIE). Consumers increasingly believe that mHealth improves healthcare quality, but security and privacy concerns need to be addressed for quality improvement to be fully realized.

  3. 浅析丽水学院公体女生参与健美操锻炼的价值取向%Analysis of the Value Orientation of Girls Participating in Aerobics Exercise in Public PE class in Lishui College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴维铭; 卢依娟

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, using the questionnaire investigation and data analysis, the value orientation of girls participating in the public aerobics exercise in Public PE class in Lishui college were analyzed, the several value connotation of aerobics were preliminarily discussed, to provide the reference for rich aero-bics contents and promoting the development of aerobics curriculum in Lishui college.%主要运用问卷调查法、数据分析法对丽水学院公体女大学生参与大众健美操的价值取向进行分析,初步探讨了健美操的几种价值内涵,为丽水学院丰富健美操内容和促进健美操课程的更好开展提供参考。

  4. Management Priorities of College Presidents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patrick, Cathleen; Caruthers, J. Kent

    1980-01-01

    Based on 900 returns from a survey of all U.S. college and university presidents, priorities were found to reflect needs to deal with retrenchment. Priorities included: communicating institutional strengths to students, parents, public, and state legislatures; integrating program review results; resource allocation; faculty vitality and renewal;…

  5. Double half-cone flap umbilicoplasty for proboscoid umbilical hernia in a 2 years old child with satisfactory results 2 years later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashu, Eseme Ebai; Leroy, Guifo Marc; Aristide, Bang Guy; Joss, Bitang Mafok Louis; Bonaventure, Jemea; Patrick, Savom Eric; Myriam, Fotso Guegne

    2015-01-01

    Surgical repair of large umbilical hernias may present a challenging surgical problem; standard surgical techniques have proven to be inadequate for both closing the fascial defect of the umbilicus and providing a satisfactory cosmetic result. We describe here a case of double half-cone flap umbilicoplasty that was performed in a 2 years old boy. The case of a 2 years old child with proboscoid umbilical hernia. The protruding umbilical skin was excised sharply by two V-shaped cuts leaving two half cones, a short cephalic (0.5cm) and a long caudal (1cm). A classic herniotomy was carried out, with repair of the facial defect. The caudal half cone was sutured from its apex till half it's length upon itself with interrupted sutures and it was anchored deeply to the fascia. Then we inverted the cephalic half cone which was sutured to the caudal cone to form the new umbilicus. The early result was excellent with no complications and the result after 2years revealed a cosmetically satisfactory shape of the umbilicus. this technique provides a good solution for reconstruction of the protruding umbilical skin and it is easy to learn, easy to be taught and perform in surgical environments and may be applicable for any kind of umbilical reconstruction.

  6. Inflammatory and Metabolic Dysregulation and the 2-Year Course of Depressive Disorders in Antidepressant Users

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vogelzangs, Nicole; Beekman, Aartjan T. F.; Dortland, Arianne K. B. van Reedt; Schoevers, Robert A.; Giltay, Erik J.; de Jonge, Peter; Penninx, Brenda W. J. H.

    2014-01-01

    Scarce evidence suggests that inflammatory and metabolic dysregulation predicts poor response to antidepressants, which could result in worse depression outcome. This study prospectively examined whether inflammatory and metabolic dysregulation predicted the 2-year course of depressive disorders amo

  7. Relation between body composition at birth and child development at 2 years of age

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abera, Mubarek; Tesfaye, Markos; Girma, Tsinuel

    2017-01-01

    -displacement plethysmography. Child development was assessed at 2 years of age using Denver developmental screening test. Associations between body composition at birth and development at 2 years of age were tested using linear regression analysis. RESULTS: FFM but not FM at birth was positively associated with higher global...... (FFM) at birth. This study therefore aimed at investigating the relation between body composition at birth and child development at 2 years of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: An Ethiopian birth cohort was followed up at 2 years. Body composition was measured within 48 h of birth using infant air......BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Birth weight (BW), independent of socioeconomic status, has been identified as a predictor for childhood cognitive development. However, it is not known whether this relation is related to low BW per se or particularly related to a deficit in fat mass (FM) or fat-free mass...

  8. College algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Kolman, Bernard

    1985-01-01

    College Algebra, Second Edition is a comprehensive presentation of the fundamental concepts and techniques of algebra. The book incorporates some improvements from the previous edition to provide a better learning experience. It provides sufficient materials for use in the study of college algebra. It contains chapters that are devoted to various mathematical concepts, such as the real number system, the theory of polynomial equations, exponential and logarithmic functions, and the geometric definition of each conic section. Progress checks, warnings, and features are inserted. Every chapter c

  9. Public Education, Public Good.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomlinson, John

    1986-01-01

    Criticizes policies which would damage or destroy a public education system. Examines the relationship between government-provided education and democracy. Concludes that privatization of public education would emphasize self-interest and selfishness, further jeopardizing the altruism and civic mindedness necessary for the public good. (JDH)

  10. 智慧校园背景下的高校治安防控体系建设研究--以 NJ 高校为例%Study on the Construction of Public Security Prevention and Control System in Higher Colleges under the Background of Wisdom Campus -Take NJ Higher College as the Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢秉宸

    2016-01-01

    本文从高校治安防控工作存在的问题入手,分析 NJ 高校当前治安管理工作存在的难点及其原因,基于智慧校园背景,从构建校园应急指挥系统、引入智能停车场管理系统和袖珍公共交通系统以及建立健全群防群治网络等四个方面,提出建立高校治安防控体系建设的构想。%From the crime prevention and control work in higher colleges,there exists difficulties and reason in the work of NY of the current security management.Based on the background of the wisdom of the campus,we can put forward conception of the establishment of the crime prevention and control system from four aspects of the construction of campus emergency com-mand system,the introduction to the intelligent parking management system,the pocket public transport system as well as es-tablishing and improving the prevention and treatment network.

  11. African-American College Student Attitudes toward Physics and Their Effect on Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drake, Carl Timothy

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting the attitudes that African-American college students have towards introductory college physics. The population targeted for this study consisted of African-American males and females enrolled in introductory college physics classes at an urban public historical black college or…

  12. Navigating Change: Community College Leaders Offer Advice for Beginning the Hard Work of Institutional Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woods, Bob

    2014-01-01

    The nation's community colleges have an impressive to-do list: (1) Increase college completion by 50 percent by 2020; (2) Dramatically improve college readiness; (3) Close the American skills gap; (4) Refocus the community college mission; (5) Invest in new support structures; (6) Target public and private investments; and (7) Promote rigor and…

  13. Public sector innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wegener, Charlotte

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the value dimension of public innovation in the light of practitioners’ values and asks why there seems to be a clash between innovation imperatives and workplace practices in the public sector. The paper contributes to the research on public innovation from a practice...... perspective by providing evidence from an ethnographic field study on innovation in social and health care studies in Denmark. These studies are part of the vocational education and training (VET) system, which combines coursework at a college and internship in the elder care sector. The study is thus cross...

  14. The Cost of College Attrition at Four-Year Colleges & Universities. Policy Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raisman, Neal

    2013-01-01

    This report, an analysis of 1669 U.S. institutions, is a first-time study of the relationship of attrition to revenues lost in four-year public, private, and for-profit colleges and universities on an annual basis. The report is the result of a study investigating the financial impact of attrition on four-year colleges and universities. Other…

  15. On Information Ethics Education of the Elementary Computer Course in College Public Curriculum%论大学计算机基础公共课中信息伦理教育的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    解继丽; 史少华

    2012-01-01

    Information ethics is essential information literacy. Computer public basic education is the cornerstone of information literacy in the future development of college students. The curriculum should contain not only the technical ability training, but also teaching of ethical culture. From the perspective of improving the construction of course content, the comprehensive analysis of the meaning of in- formation ethics, the necessity for education of information ethics and information ethics education content have been studied, so that to put forward the point that computer basic courses should enrich the information ethics education curriculum system for cultural outlook changes.%信息伦理是一种重要的信息素养.大学计算机公共基础教育是高校学生未来发展中信息素养的基石.课程设置不仅应该包含有技术能力的培养,还应当有伦理文化的传授.从完善课程内容建设的角度出发,全面分析了信息伦理的内涵、信息伦理教育的必要性以及信息伦理教育内容等问题.提出大学计算机公共基础课程应当通过充实信息伦理教育来实现面向文化观的课程体系变革.

  16. Innovation of teaching material construction, improve the quality of teaching in public security colleges of Korean major%创新教材建设,提高公安院校韩国语专业教学质量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李梓瑄

    2014-01-01

    课堂教学作为课程教学体系中的重要环节,是实现教学目标的主要场所。课堂教学的效果如何,直接影响到人才培养的质量。教师、学生、教材是课堂教学的三大要素,教材作为链接教师和学生之间的纽带,既是教师进行教学的基本材料,也是学生认识世界的媒体。因此要提高教学质量,为社会培养应用型、复合型公安院校韩国语专业人才,必须高度重视教材建设这一重要环节。%The classroom teaching as an important link in the curriculum teaching system, is the main place to achieve the goal of teaching. How is the effect of classroom teaching, directly affects the quality of talents cultivation. Teachers, students, teaching materials are the three elements of classroom teaching, teaching material as the link between teachers and students, is not only the basic material for teaching, but also the media of students to know the world. Therefore, to improve the quality of teaching, training application, for the social public security colleges Korean compound type talents, must attach great importance to the important link of teaching material construction.

  17. Characteristics of Two-Year College Students on the Autism Spectrum and Their Support Services Experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne M. Roux

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Approximately 80% of college-going youth with autism in the US attend a 2-year college at some point. These community-based, universally accessible institutions offer both academic and vocational courses and have experience in teaching diverse learners. This study used nationally representative survey data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 to describe the characteristics and services experiences of adults with autism who attended postsecondary education after high school, focusing on those who attended a 2-year college. Over 60% of those who attended 2-year colleges had little to no trouble conversing or performing functional skills like counting change during high school, and extracurricular participation was common (93.8%. Most 2-year college attenders (85.7% were able to navigate to places outside the home versus 43.9% of those with no postsecondary education. Over half took vocational courses at 2-year colleges, while one-quarter pursued academic study. Less than half (48.6% of those who disclosed their disability to the school reported receiving services, accommodations, or other help. Most (87.3% felt they received enough help, but fewer (68.0% felt the services they received were useful. Future research should delineate specific needs of students with autism in 2-year college settings and identify what supports are needed to improve persistence and completion rates.

  18. Characteristics of Two-Year College Students on the Autism Spectrum and Their Support Services Experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roux, Anne M; Shattuck, Paul T; Rast, Jessica E; Rava, Julianna A; Edwards, Amy D; Wei, Xin; McCracken, Mary; Yu, Jennifer W

    2015-01-01

    Approximately 80% of college-going youth with autism in the US attend a 2-year college at some point. These community-based, universally accessible institutions offer both academic and vocational courses and have experience in teaching diverse learners. This study used nationally representative survey data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 to describe the characteristics and services experiences of adults with autism who attended postsecondary education after high school, focusing on those who attended a 2-year college. Over 60% of those who attended 2-year colleges had little to no trouble conversing or performing functional skills like counting change during high school, and extracurricular participation was common (93.8%). Most 2-year college attenders (85.7%) were able to navigate to places outside the home versus 43.9% of those with no postsecondary education. Over half took vocational courses at 2-year colleges, while one-quarter pursued academic study. Less than half (48.6%) of those who disclosed their disability to the school reported receiving services, accommodations, or other help. Most (87.3%) felt they received enough help, but fewer (68.0%) felt the services they received were useful. Future research should delineate specific needs of students with autism in 2-year college settings and identify what supports are needed to improve persistence and completion rates.

  19. Young Adults’ Fertility Expectations and Events: Associations With College Enrollment and Persistence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raley, R. Kelly; Kim, Yujin; Daniels, Kimberly

    2013-01-01

    The analyses described in this article investigated the association between adolescent fertility expectations and college enrollment (N = 7,838). They also explored the potential impact of fertility expectations and events on college persistence among 4-year (n = 2,605) and 2-year (n = 1,962) college students. The analysis, which used data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 cohort, showed a significant association between expectations for early parenthood and the likelihood of going to a 4-year college or 2-year college for both men and women. In addition, the authors found that pregnancies were associated with an increased risk of college dropout for women; however, if all of the estimated effect of pregnancies on the risk of dropout were causal, they would still not be a major factor contributing to educational attainment because fertile pregnancies among college women are so rare. PMID:23729862

  20. Thought of Positive Psychology in Public Security Education Teaching——Based on the training of positive moods and emotions experience in public security colleges classroom teaching%积极心理学在公安课堂教育教学中的思考——学生积极情绪体验能力的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭科莲

    2011-01-01

    Positive psychology claims to study the positive aspects of psychology,by training and developing human beings' positive power,enable people to be healthy and happy.Its education concept has very important enlightenment to the current public security colleges classroom teaching and urges us to change our education concept: classroom teaching should not only impart knowledge,develop students' public security of combat skills but also guide students to learn happily and studiously and enables students to master how to obtain the ability of merriness and happiness,that is,to develop them to generate the ability of positive moods and emotions experience.%积极心理学主张研究人的心理的积极方面,通过培养和发展人的积极力量,使人真正成为健康和生活幸福的人。积极心理学的教育理念对当前公安院校课堂教学有重要启示,它促使我们转变教育观念:课堂教学不仅要传授知识,培养学生公安实战技能,而且要引导学生乐学、好学,使学生在学习的过程中掌握获得快乐、幸福的能力,即培养其生成积极情绪情感体验的能力。

  1. Undergraduate Public Health Majors: Why They Choose Public Health or Medicine?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilton, Warren

    2013-01-01

    This mixed methods study examined the relationship between the motivations for attending college of undergraduate students with a focus on students with a public health major, and their desire to pursue graduate training in public health and subsequently, public health careers. The study highlighted the current public health workforce shortage and…

  2. Teaching Honors Online at a Public College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nightingale, Barbra

    2014-01-01

    In this article, the author contends that it is possible to offer online honors classes without sacrificing quality or giving up either group projects or service learning experiences. Students today are particularly savvy to all the possibilities for face time in a multitude of environments and see no obstacle to collaborating in an online class.…

  3. Options in Education Transcript: Programs Nos. 184-187 (Cheating in College, Black Colleges, College Marketing, Co-Education in College).

    Science.gov (United States)

    George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Educational Leadership.

    Transcripts from a four-part National Public Radio "Options in Education" series are presented in this publication. The first program examines student cheating at colleges. Students and faculty discuss methods of cheating, reasons for cheating, student attitudes toward cheating, specific instances of cheating, and provide insights into why…

  4. The Goals for Regulating College Tuition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Xiaodong

    2009-01-01

    Regulation refers to governmental restrictions over enterprise in order to protect public interest. Research on governmental regulation in China primarily focuses on public utility, and inadequate attention has been paid to regulating college tuition. Currently, although the educational administrative agencies have successfully kept college…

  5. Effects of various presale radiographic findings for yearling Thoroughbreds on 2-year-old racing performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preston, Stephanie A; Brown, Murray P; Trumble, Troy N; Chmielewski, Terese L; Zimmel, Dana N; Hernandez, Jorge A

    2012-12-01

    To determine the effects of various presale radiographic findings for Thoroughbreds sold at a yearling sale on 2-year-old racing performance of those horses. 397 Thoroughbreds. Cohort study. Thoroughbreds offered for sale at a Thoroughbred sales facility in Kentucky were selected via a randomization procedure. Effects of various presale radiographic findings on the following measures of 2-year-old racing performance were determined: having started a race and having placed (ie, finished in first, second, or third place) in a race at least once, total amount of money earned, and amount of money earned per start. Of the 397 horses, 192 (48%) started in at least 1 race during the 2-year-old racing year. The odds of failure to start a race as a 2-year-old were 1.78 times as great for horses with forelimb proximal sesamoid bone osteophytes or enthesophytes as for horses without this finding (95% confidence interval, 1.01 to 3.16). The odds of failure to start a race as a 2-year-old were 2.02 times as great for horses with hind limb proximal phalanx osteochondral fragments as for horses without this finding (95% confidence interval, 0.95 to 4.31), although this result was not significant. Radiographic findings did not have an effect on total amount of money earned, amount of money earned per start, or whether horses placed in a race. Presale radiographic detection of forelimb proximal sesamoid bone osteophytes or enthesophytes or hind limb proximal phalanx osteochondral fragments in yearlings were associated with failure to start a race during the 2-year-old racing year in study horses.

  6. Public Speech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Thomas F.

    1994-01-01

    Discusses the importance of public speech in society, noting the power of public speech to create a world and a public. The paper offers a theory of public speech, identifies types of public speech, and types of public speech fallacies. Two ways of speaking of the public and of public life are distinguished. (SM)

  7. Clustering of Dietary Intake and Sedentary Behavior in 2-Year-Old Children

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gubbels, J.S.; Kremers, S.P.J.; Stafleu, A.; Dagnelie, P.C.; Vries, S.I.de; Vries, N.K.de; Thijs, C.

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To examine clustering of energy balance-related behaviors (EBRBs) in young children. This is crucial because lifestyle habits are formed at an early age and track in later life. This study is the first to examine EBRB clustering in children as young as 2 years. Study design: Cross-section

  8. Effects of Vocabulary and Phonotactic Probability on 2-Year-Olds' Nonword Repetition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verhagen, Josje; de Bree, Elise; Mulder, Hanna; Leseman, Paul

    2017-01-01

    This study investigates the relationship between nonword repetition (NWR) and vocabulary in 2-year-olds. Questions addressed are whether (1) NWR and vocabulary are associated, (2) phonotactic probability affects NWR, and (3) there is an interaction effect between phonotactic probability and vocabulary on NWR performance. The general aim of the…

  9. Correlates of physical activity in 2-year-old toddlers: The generation R study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijtzes, A.I.; Kooijman, M.N.; Kiefte-de Jong, J.C.; Vries, S.I. de; Henrichs, J.; Jansen, W.; Jaddoe, V.W.V.; Hofman, A.; Moll, H.A.; Raat, H.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To describe and identify correlates of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior in 2-year-old toddlers. Study design: A total of 347 children participating in a birth cohort study wore a unaxial ActiGraph accelerometer during 1 weekday and 1 weekend day. Information o

  10. Myopia Control with a Novel Peripheral Gradient Soft Lens and Orthokeratology: A 2-Year Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Pauné

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To evaluate the degree of axial elongation with soft radial refractive gradient (SRRG contact lenses, orthokeratology (OK, and single vision (SV spectacle lenses (control during a period of 1 year before treatment and 2 years after treatment. Methods. This was a prospective, longitudinal, nonrandomized study. The study groups consisted of 30, 29, and 41 children, respectively. The axial length (AL was measured during 2 years after recruitment and lens fitting. Results. The baseline refractive sphere was correlated significantly (Spearman’s Rho (ρ correlation = 0.542; P < 0.0001 with the amount of myopia progression before baseline. After 2 years, the mean myopia progression values for the SRRG, OK, and SV groups were −0.56 ± 0.51, −0.32 ± 0.53, and −0.98 ± 0.58 diopter, respectively. The results represent reductions in myopic progression of 43% and 67% for the SRRG and OK groups, respectively, compared to the SV group. The AL increased 27% and 38% less in the SRRG and OK groups, respectively compared with the SV group at the 2-year visit (P < 0.05. Axial elongation was not significantly different between SRRG and OK (P = 0.430. Conclusion. The SRRG lens significantly decreased AL elongation compared to the SV control group. The SRRG lens was similarly effective to OK in preventing myopia progression in myopic children and adolescent.

  11. Increased time to pregnancy is associated with suboptimal neurological condition of 2-year-olds

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Seggers, Jorien; Schendelaar, Pamela; Bos, Arend F.; Heineman, Maas Jan; Middelburg, Karin J.; Haadsma, Maaike L.; Hadders-Algra, Mijna

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate whether time to pregnancy (TTP) is associated with neurological condition of 2-year-old children born to subfertile parents. Design Data collected in a prospective, assessor-blinded follow-up study were used for cross-sectional analyses. Patients Participants were the singleton

  12. The Rotterdam AMblyopia Screening Effectiveness Study (RAMSES): compliance and predictive value in the first 2 years

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.E. Juttmann (Rikard)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: RAMSES is a 7 year follow up study, aiming at the evaluation of the effectiveness and the efficiency of screening for amblyopia. In this first report, concerning the first 2 years of life, the compliance with the prevention programme and the positive

  13. Predictors of the 2-year recurrence and persistence of alcohol dependence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boschloo, Lynn; Vogelzangs, Nicole; van den Brink, Wim; Smit, Johannes H.; Beekman, Aartjan T. F.; Penninx, Brenda

    2012-01-01

    Aims To identify independent risk factors of the recurrence of alcohol dependence (AD) in people with a remitted disorder at baseline and persistence of AD in people with a current disorder at baseline. Design Prospective cohort study with assessments at baseline and 2-year follow-up. Setting Recrui

  14. Correlates of Physical Activity in 2-Year-Old Toddlers : The Generation R Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijtzes, Anne I.; Kooijman, Marjolein N.; Kiefte-de Jong, Jessica C.; de Vries, Sanne I.; Henrichs, Jens; Jansen, Wilma; Jaddoe, Vincent W. V.; Hofman, Albert; Moll, Henriette A.; Raat, Hein

    2013-01-01

    Objective To describe and identify correlates of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior in 2-year-old toddlers. Study design A total of 347 children participating in a birth cohort study wore a unaxial ActiGraph accelerometer during 1 weekday and 1 weekend day. Information on

  15. Sexual Identity, Attractions, and Behavior among Young Sexual-Minority Women over a 2-Year Period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diamond, Lisa M.

    2000-01-01

    Examined sexual identities, attractions, and behaviors of sexual-minority women in 2-year follow-up of women first interviewed at 16-23 years. Found half the participants had changed sexual-minority orientations more than once; one- third changed identities since the first interview. Found changes in sexual attractions were larger among bisexuals…

  16. Course of neuropsychiatric symptoms in residents with dementia in nursing homes over 2-year period

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wetzels, Roland B; Zuidema, Sytse U; de Jonghe, Jos F M; Verhey, Frans R J; Koopmans, Raymond T C M

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine the course of neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPSs) in nursing home residents with dementia and to determine their variability across diagnosis. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study over 2 years. SETTING: Fourteen dementia special care units in nine nursing homes in The Netherlands. P

  17. Single-tooth replacement by osseointegrated Astra Tech dental implants: a 2-year report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsson, U; Gotfredsen, K; Olsson, C

    1998-01-01

    This study presents the outcome of single-tooth restorations supported by Astra Tech single-tooth implants followed for 2 years. Forty-seven implants were placed in the same number of patients. Forty-three patients attended the second recall visit, and none of the evaluated implants have been...

  18. Improving Social Competence through Emotion Knowledge in 2-Year-Old Children: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giménez-Dasí, Marta; Fernández-Sánchez, Marta; Quintanilla, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Research Findings: The goal of this study was to determine the efficacy of an educational intervention program to improve emotion knowledge, emotion regulation, and social competence in 2-year-old Spanish children. This study makes two original contributions because there are no validated education programs for such young children and because it…

  19. Sublingual grass allergen tablet immunotherapy provides sustained clinical benefit with progressive immunologic changes over 2 years

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dahl, Ronald; Kapp, Alexander; Colombo, Giselda; De Monchy, Jan G. R.; Rak, Sabina; Emminger, Waltraud; Riis, Bente; Gronager, Pernille M.; Durham, Stephen R.

    2008-01-01

    Background: This is an interim analysis of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III trial with 3 years of daily treatment with grass tablet immunotherapy (GRAZAX; ALK-Abello A/S, Horsholm, Denmark) or placebo, followed by 2 years of follow-up to assess the persistent efficacy. Object

  20. Obstetric intensive care unit admission: a 2-year nationwide population-based cohort study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwart, J.J.; Dupuis, J.R.O.; Richters, A.; Öry, F.; Roosmalen, J. van

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: As part of a larger nationwide enquiry into severe maternal morbidity, our aim was to assess the incidence and possible risk factors of obstetric intensive care unit (ICU) admission in the Netherlands. Methods: In a 2-year nationwide prospective population-based cohort study, all ICU admiss

  1. Gender differences in outcome at 2-year follow-up of treated bipolar and depressed alcoholics.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Farren, Conor K

    2011-09-01

    Alcohol dependence and affective disorders are significant health problems, and their co-occurrence is mutually detrimental. There are few long-term studies on the impact of treatment on the prognosis of these comorbid disorders. We wished to study if the impact of effective inpatient integrated treatment for these co-occurring disorders was maintained 2 years after discharge from the hospital.

  2. PSYCHOSOCIAL EFFECTS OF 2 YEARS OF HUMAN GROWTH-HORMONE TREATMENT IN TURNER SYNDROME

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    SLIJPER, FME; SINNEMA, G; AKKERHUIS, GW; BRUGMANBOEZEMAN, A; FEENSTRA, J; DENHARTOG, L; HEUVEL, F

    1993-01-01

    Thirty-eight girls with Turner syndrome were treated for 2 years with human growth hormone. Both parents and patients carried out assessments of the effects of treatment on various aspects of psychosocial functioning. The children used the Piers-Harris Self-Concept Scale and the Social Anxiety Scale

  3. Induced Bone by Calcium Ohosphate(Ca-P) Ceramics after 2-years Implantation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Zhiyong; KURITA Hiroshi; KOBAYASHI Hiroichi; KURASHINA Kenji

    2009-01-01

    The changes of induced bone with four kinds of Ca-P ceramics after 2 years im-plantation in the dorsal muscles of rabbits were investigated.After 2 years implantation,mature bone (with a lamellar structure after the remodeling process)with bone marrow was observed in HA1100 (HA,micro+macro porous),HA900(HA,micro+macro porous)and BCP(HA/TCP=7:3,mi-cro+macro porous),and no bone formation was observed in HA1200(HA,macro porous)ceramics. The induced bone neither disappeared nor grew uncontrollably,and was seen inside the pores of the implants or on the outer surface under the fibrous layer after 2 years.No bone formation was ob-served in the soft tissues distant from the implants.These results indicate that heterotopic bone for-mation induced by Ca-P materials did not give rise to uncontrolled growth over time,and the induced bone is limited to the inside or around the implants.Moreover,ectopic bone formation on the outer surface of the implants was detected in rabbits after 2 years.

  4. Phonetic Modification of Vowel Space in Storybook Speech to Infants up to 2 Years of Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burnham, Evamarie B.; Wieland, Elizabeth A.; Kondaurova, Maria V.; McAuley, J. Devin; Bergeson, Tonya R.; Dilley, Laura C.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: A large body of literature has indicated vowel space area expansion in infant-directed (ID) speech compared with adult-directed (AD) speech, which may promote language acquisition. The current study tested whether this expansion occurs in storybook speech read to infants at various points during their first 2 years of life. Method: In 2…

  5. Predictors of outcome at 2 years of age after early intrauterine growth restriction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torrance, H L; Bloemen, M C T; Mulder, E J H; Nikkels, P G J; Derks, J B; de Vries, L S; Visser, G H A

    2010-08-01

    To examine the relative importance of antenatal and perinatal variables on short- and long-term outcome of preterm growth restricted fetuses with umbilical artery (UA) Doppler abnormalities. This was a cohort study of 180 neonates with birth weight neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years was predicted by low birth weight (malnutrition and fetal acidosis affect long-term outcome.

  6. Correlates of physical activity in 2-year-old toddlers: The generation R study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijtzes, A.I.; Kooijman, M.N.; Kiefte-de Jong, J.C.; Vries, S.I. de; Henrichs, J.; Jansen, W.; Jaddoe, V.W.V.; Hofman, A.; Moll, H.A.; Raat, H.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To describe and identify correlates of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior in 2-year-old toddlers. Study design: A total of 347 children participating in a birth cohort study wore a unaxial ActiGraph accelerometer during 1 weekday and 1 weekend day. Information

  7. PSYCHOSOCIAL EFFECTS OF 2 YEARS OF HUMAN GROWTH-HORMONE TREATMENT IN TURNER SYNDROME

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    SLIJPER, FME; SINNEMA, G; AKKERHUIS, GW; BRUGMANBOEZEMAN, A; FEENSTRA, J; DENHARTOG, L; HEUVEL, F

    1993-01-01

    Thirty-eight girls with Turner syndrome were treated for 2 years with human growth hormone. Both parents and patients carried out assessments of the effects of treatment on various aspects of psychosocial functioning. The children used the Piers-Harris Self-Concept Scale and the Social Anxiety Scale

  8. Slowly but Surely: Adverbs Support Verb Learning in 2-Year-Olds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syrett, Kristen; Arunachalam, Sudha; Waxman, Sandra R.

    2014-01-01

    To acquire the meanings of verbs, toddlers make use of the surrounding linguistic information. For example, 2-year-olds successfully acquire novel transitive verbs that appear in semantically rich frames containing content nouns ("The boy is gonna pilk a balloon"), but they have difficulty with pronominal frames ("He is gonna pilk…

  9. Improving Social Competence through Emotion Knowledge in 2-Year-Old Children: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giménez-Dasí, Marta; Fernández-Sánchez, Marta; Quintanilla, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Research Findings: The goal of this study was to determine the efficacy of an educational intervention program to improve emotion knowledge, emotion regulation, and social competence in 2-year-old Spanish children. This study makes two original contributions because there are no validated education programs for such young children and because it…

  10. Bioaccumulation of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in sediment aged for 2 years to carps (Cyprinus carpio)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, S. Y.; Li, J. Y.; Jia, X. M.

    2017-08-01

    In order to understand the risk of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) existing in sediment for years, the accumulation of PBDEs in sediment aged for 2 years to fish was investigated. Simulated aquatic system microcosms were conducted with PBDE contaminated sediment aged for 2 years and carps were cultured in the microcosms for 20 days. PBDE concentrations in carp tissues were analyzed to estimate the bioavailability of aged PBDEs in carps. The main spiked PBDE congeners were detected in sediment even though the contaminated sediment was aged for 2 years. Similarly, the five PBDE (BDE-28, 47, 100, 153 and 154) congeners which probably were bioaccumulated by carp were detected in fish tissues, indicating that PBDEs could be bioaccumulated after aging for 2 years. The PBDEs distribution revealed that the concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in tissues of Cyprinus carpio is in this order of magnitude: gut > liver > gill > fillet. The PBDEs concentrations in fillet were as high as 67.9 ng/g dry wt, in which BDE-47 contributed almost 50% in profile.

  11. Effects of maternal micronutrient supplementation on fetal loss and under-2-years child mortality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Gregers Stig; Friis, Henrik; Michaelsen, Kim Fleischer

    2010-01-01

    A number of trials on maternal multi-micronutrient supplementation (MMS) have found a benefical effect on birth weight, but few have demonstrated a beneficial effect on infant survival. We examined the effect of two different preparations of antenatal MMS on fetal loss and under-2-years child...

  12. Antecedents of Compliance in 2-Year-Olds From a High-Risk Sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erickson, Martha Farrell; Crichton, Leslie

    In order to identify antecedents of infant's compliance with mothers' directions on how to solve four tasks (graded in terms of stressfulness to the infant), 194 high-risk mothers and their 2-year-old children were observed on videotape and assessed with a six-point rating scale. Data collected prenatally and postnatally at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months…

  13. Intermittent pancreatitis in a 2-year-old chihuahua mixed breed dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Alice K Y

    2006-05-01

    A 2-year-old, female, Chihuahua mixed breed was presented on multiple occasions with vomiting and diarrhea. Diagnostic tests, including blood analyses and ultrasonography, established pancreatitis as the cause of gastrointestinal irritation. Hospitalization and supportive care, followed by maintenance of a prescription gastrointestinal diet, allowed management of the disease.

  14. FOOD PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY, A SUGGESTED 2-YEAR POST HIGH SCHOOL CURRICULUM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    KNOEBEL, ROBERT M.; AND OTHERS

    ADMINISTRATORS, ADVISORY COMMITTEES, SUPERVISORS, AND TEACHERS MAY USE THIS GUIDE IN PLANNING AND DEVELOPING NEW PROGRAMS OR EVALUATING EXISTING PROGRAMS IN POST-HIGH SCHOOL FOOD PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY. BASIC MATERIALS WERE PREPARED BY THE STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK AGRICULTURAL AND TECHNICAL COLLEGE AT MORRISVILLE AND FINAL PREPARATION WAS…

  15. Cytokines as a predictor of clinical response following hip arthroscopy: minimum 2-year follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, Lauren M; Safran, Marc R; Maloney, William J; Goodman, Stuart B; Huddleston, James I; Bellino, Michael J; Scuderi, Gaetano J; Abrams, Geoffrey D

    2016-08-01

    Hip arthroscopy in patients with osteoarthritis has been shown to have suboptimal outcomes. Elevated cytokine concentrations in hip synovial fluid have previously been shown to be associated with cartilage pathology. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a relationship exists between hip synovial fluid cytokine concentration and clinical outcomes at a minimum of 2 years following hip arthroscopy. Seventeen patients without radiographic evidence of osteoarthritis had synovial fluid aspirated at time of portal establishment during hip arthroscopy. Analytes included fibronectin-aggrecan complex as well as a multiplex cytokine array. Patients completed the modified Harris Hip Score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index and the International Hip Outcomes Tool pre-operatively and at a minimum of 2 years following surgery. Pre and post-operative scores were compared with a paired t-test, and the association between cytokine values and clinical outcome scores was performed with Pearson's correlation coefficient with an alpha value of 0.05 set as significant. Sixteen of seventeen patients completed 2-year follow-up questionnaires (94%). There was a significant increase in pre-operative to post-operative score for each clinical outcome measure. No statistically significant correlation was seen between any of the intra-operative cytokine values and either the 2-year follow-up scores or the change from pre-operative to final follow-up outcome values. No statistically significant associations were seen between hip synovial fluid cytokine concentrations and 2-year follow-up clinical outcome assessment scores for those undergoing hip arthroscopy.

  16. SERI Surgical Scaffold in 2-Stage Breast Reconstruction: 2-Year Data from a Prospective, Multicenter Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karp, Nolan; Choi, Mihye; Kulber, David A; Downey, Susan; Duda, Gloria; Kind, Gabriel M; Jewell, Mark L; Murphy, Diane K; Lehfeldt, Max R; Fine, Neil

    2017-05-01

    Soft-tissue support devices are used during breast reconstruction. This study investigated long-term clinical data following SERI Surgical Scaffold (SERI) implantation, a bioresorbable, silk-derived scaffold for soft-tissue support. This was a prospective, multicenter study in 103 subjects who received SERI during stage 1 of 2-stage breast reconstruction with subpectoral tissue expander placement (Natrelle Style 133V; Allergan plc, Dublin, Ireland) followed by subpectoral breast implant placement. Investigator satisfaction (11-point scale: 0, very dissatisfied and 10, very satisfied) at 6 months was the primary endpoint. Ease of use, satisfaction, scaffold palpability/visibility, breast anatomy measurements via 3D images, SERI integration, histology, and safety were also assessed through 2 years after stage 1 surgery. Analyses were performed on the per-protocol population (103 subjects; 161 breasts) with no protocol deviations that could affect outcomes. Ease of use and subject and investigator satisfaction with SERI were high throughout 2 years. Breast anatomy measurements with 3D images demonstrated long-term soft-tissue stability of the lower breast mound. Key complication rates per breast were tissue/skin necrosis and wrinkling/rippling (8.1% each) and seroma, wound dehiscence, and breast redness (5.0% each). Over 2 years, 4 breasts in 4 subjects underwent reoperation with explantation of any device; 2 breasts required SERI explantation. SERI was retained in 98.8% of breasts (159/161) at 2 years. SERI was associated with high and consistent levels of investigator and subject satisfaction and demonstrated soft-tissue stability in the lower breast through 2 years. SERI provides a safe, long-term benefit for soft-tissue support in 2-stage breast reconstruction.

  17. Increased Food Insecurity Among Mothers of 2 Year Olds with Special Health Care Needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Elizabeth J; Hoffmann, Laurel M; Rosenberg, Kenneth D; Peters, Dawn; Pennise, Melissa

    2015-10-01

    The objective of this study is to explore the association between having a child with special health care needs (CSHCN) and food insecurity when the child is 2 years old. We studied women who had a live birth in 2004-2005 and responded to Oregon's Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) survey 3 months postpartum (Time 1) and the follow-up survey (PRAMS-2), when the child was 2 years old (Time 2). Women answering affirmatively to the PRAMS-2 question, "In the last 12 months, did you ever eat less than you felt you should because there was not enough money for food?" were considered food insecure. CSHCN status was identified by affirmative responses to questions about needs for ongoing services (Time 2). PRAMS and PRAMS-2 responses were weighted for study design and non-response. Results report weighted analyses, unless noted. Among 1812 mothers completing PRAMS-2, 13.6 % (unweighted) had a 2-year-old CSHCN and 11.9 % (unweighted) were food insecure at Time 2. The estimated prevalence of food insecurity at 2-year follow-up was 20.7 % among families of CSHCN and 9.7 % for others. After adjustment for Time 2 marital status, education, lifetime U.S. residence, income and health conditions, multivariable logistic regression revealed that odds of food insecurity were more than two times as great for CSHCN mothers 2 years post-partum compared to non-CSHCN mothers (adjusted odds ratio 2.6, 95 % confidence interval 1.3, 4.6). Families of CSHCN face increased risk for food insecurity. Improved understanding of causal determinants of food insecurity among households of CSHCN is needed.

  18. Characteristics Of Errors in the work Of Vocational College Students and strategies of Public English Teaching%高职学生英语作业错误特点及公共英语教学策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金平

    2013-01-01

    英语写作作为书面形式的主动性输出技能,它能较客观的反映学生的语言能力高低,能集中体现一个学生的英语水平,并折射出他们学习中遇到的问题,所反馈的信息又可以促进、指导教学。高职学生英语基础普遍较差,作业中错误较复杂。该文尝试分析高职学生(非英语专业)英语写作错误的特点及成因,并提出相应的教学策略,旨在提醒同行重视高职学生写作错误,以便了解学生实际英语水平以及学生在学习中遇到的困难,并在教学中实施因材施教的原则,从而提高公共英语的教学质量,改善学生英语学习效果。%As an active output skill in written form, English writing can objectively reflect the students' language ability, their English level and the problems they meet in learning. Meanwhile, the feedback information can promote and guide teaching. The English foundation of Vocational College Students is rather weak so that all kinds of complicated errors are found in stu-dents’work. This paper attempts to analyze the characteristics and causes of errors in English writing of vocational students (Non-English Majors), and put forward the corresponding teaching strategies, aiming to remind my fellow teachers pay attention to writing errors of vocational students in order to find out students' English level and the difficulties they encounter in learning and to teach students in accordance with their aptitude, so as to improve the teaching quality of Public English and enhance the result of students learning.

  19. 公安院校体能训练课学习评价模式改革研究%A Study on the Learning and Evaluation Mode Reform of Physical Training Courses in Public Security Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋璐毅

    2013-01-01

    The“process evaluation and final evaluation”mode designed for physical training courses in public security colleges and universities was conducted teaching practice examination by using methods of teaching experiment, mathematical statistics, literature review etc., aiming at effectively controlling students’ enthusiasm of learning and practicing in the course of teaching and learning and how much time to practice in real life through conducting the process evaluation combining examination and teaching, and conducting final evaluation separating examination from teaching. In this way, teachers can supervise and urge the students learning more by themselves, increase the effectiveness of the after-class part of the physical training course, and further improve teaching quality. The research shows that the excellent rates and overall level of experimental classes is much better than those of the reference classes while most of the students in reference classes are getting only the passing grades in the past two years of teaching experiment.%采用教学实验、数理统计和文献综述等方法,对设计的公安院校体能训练课“过程评价+终结评价”的模式进行教学实践检验。旨在通过考、教结合的过程评价和考、教分离的终结性评价,对体能训练课教与学过程中学生学与练的积极性和练习时间投入实行有效控制,达到督促学生拓展学习,加大课外延伸部分的实效性,从而提高教学质量。研究表明:通过两年教学实验,实验班优秀率明显强于对照班,而对照班及格成绩占比较大,实验班体能结业成绩整体水平要明显好于对照班。

  20. Depressive Symptomatology and College Persistence among African American College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyraz, Güler; Horne, Sharon G; Owens, Archandria C; Armstrong, Aisha P

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between depressive symptomatology and college outcomes among African American students, as well as to determine whether these relationships were moderated by gender and type of university. Participants included 569 African American first-year students attending two public universities in the Southeast United States: a historically Black college/university (HBCU) and a predominantly White institution (PWI). Using a longitudinal study design, data were collected at three time points. Results indicated that, after adjusting for the effects of the control variables (gender, type of institution, high school GPA, participation in on-campus activities, institutional and goal commitments), depressive symptomatology present in the first semester of college was associated with increased likelihood of dropping out of college before the end of the second year of college. The relationship between these two variables was mediated by first-year cumulative GPA. Results also indicated that the hypothesized relationships did not vary as a function of gender and the university type.

  1. College Students with ADHD

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Spanish Facts for Families Guide College Students with ADHD No. 111; Updated December 2013 Many students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) attend college. College students with ADHD face ...

  2. Research on the Public Rental Housing Supply of the Housing Security Problems of"College Students Ant Tribe":Based on Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs%解决“大学生蚁族”住房保障问题的公租房供给研究--基于马斯洛需求层理论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李兆允

    2016-01-01

    At present, the college students ant tribe is the social low income class. The government should solve their housing problems from the supply of public rental housing. Based on the analysis of Maslow's hierarchy of needs, in order to solve the supply of public rental housing of college students ant tribe, the government should adjust the entry criteria of public rental housing for the college students ant tribe to solve their physiological requirements, enhance the property management services of public rental housing to solve their security requirements, improve the construction site selection and design of public rental housing to solve their social requirements, create the community culture of public rental housing to solve their respect requirements and additional services of public rental housing to solve their requirements of self realization.%当前大学生蚁族作为社会低收入阶层,政府应从公租房的供给着手解决其居住问题。基于马斯洛需求层次理论分析,政府应在对大学生蚁族的公租房供给方面做到:从生理需求出发,调整大学生蚁族申请公租房租住准入条件;从安全需求出发,提升大学生蚁族公租房物业管理服务;从社会需求出发,改进大学生蚁族公租房建筑选址和设计方案;从尊重需求出发,营造大学生蚁族公租房租住社区文化;从自我实现需求出发,探索大学生蚁族公租房附加服务。

  3. Implementation of NIAAA College Drinking Task Force recommendations: how are colleges doing 6 years later?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Toben F; Toomey, Traci L; Lenk, Kathleen M; Erickson, Darin J; Winters, Ken C

    2010-10-01

    In 2002, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) College Drinking Task Force issued recommendations to reduce heavy drinking by college students, but little is known about implementation of these recommendations. Current discussion about best strategies to reduce student drinking has focused more on lowering the minimum legal drinking age as advocated by a group of college and university presidents called the Amethyst Initiative than the NIAAA recommendations. A nationally representative survey of administrators was conducted at 351 4-year colleges in the United States to ascertain familiarity with and progress toward implementation of NIAAA recommendations. Implementation was compared by enrollment size, public or private status, and whether the school president signed the Amethyst Initiative. Administrators at most colleges were familiar with NIAAA recommendations, although more than 1 in 5 (22%) were not. Nearly all colleges use educational programs to address student drinking (98%). Half the colleges (50%) offered intervention programs with documented efficacy for students at high risk for alcohol problems. Few colleges reported that empirically supported, community-based alcohol control strategies including conducting compliance checks to monitor illegal alcohol sales (33%), instituting mandatory responsible beverage service (RBS) training (15%), restricting alcohol outlet density (7%), or increasing the price of alcohol (2%) were operating in their community. Less than half the colleges with RBS training and compliance checks in their communities actively participated in these interventions. Large colleges were more likely to have RBS training and compliance checks, but no differences in implementation were found across public/private status or whether the college president signed the Amethyst Initiative. Many colleges offer empirically supported programs for high-risk drinkers, but few have implemented other strategies recommended by

  4. Theater Program Development in Colleges and Universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Martinez, Ed.D.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This study sought to find answers to how best colleges and universities can adapt the teaching of theatre in its curriculum. It was then necessary to track the different ways drama has evolved throughout time and how its adoption in formal education has affected its students, both present and past. To this end the researcher examined theater from its earliest inception to its adoption by schools of higher education, more specifically, public colleges and universities.

  5. DIAGNOSTIC IMAGING IN A DIRECT-ACCESS SPORTS PHYSICAL THERAPY CLINIC: A 2-YEAR RETROSPECTIVE PRACTICE ANALYSIS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowell, Michael S; Dedekam, Erik A; Johnson, Michael R; Dembowski, Scott C; Westrick, Richard B; Goss, Donald L

    2016-10-01

    While advanced diagnostic imaging is a large contributor to the growth in health care costs, direct-access to physical therapy is associated with decreased rates of diagnostic imaging. No study has systematically evaluated with evidence-based criteria the appropriateness of advanced diagnostic imaging, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), when ordered by physical therapists. The primary purpose of this study was to describe the appropriateness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or magnetic resonance arthrogram (MRA) exams ordered by physical therapists in a direct-access sports physical therapy clinic. Retrospective observational study of practice. Greater than 80% of advanced diagnostic imaging orders would have an American College of Radiology (ACR) Appropriateness Criteria rating of greater than 6, indicating an imaging order that is usually appropriate. A 2-year retrospective analysis identified 108 MRI/MRA examination orders from four physical therapists. A board-certified radiologist determined the appropriateness of each order based on ACR appropriateness criteria. The principal investigator and co-investigator radiologist assessed agreement between the clinical diagnosis and MRI/surgical findings. Knee (31%) and shoulder (25%) injuries were the most common. Overall, 55% of injuries were acute. The mean ACR rating was 7.7; scores from six to nine have been considered appropriate orders and higher ratings are better. The percentage of orders complying with ACR appropriateness criteria was 83.2%. Physical therapist's clinical diagnosis was confirmed by MRI/MRA findings in 64.8% of cases and was confirmed by surgical findings in 90% of cases. Physical therapists providing musculoskeletal primary care in a direct-access sports physical therapy clinic appropriately ordered advanced diagnostic imaging in over 80% of cases. Future research should prospectively compare physical therapist appropriateness and utilization to other groups of providers and

  6. Monitoring of Patients Aged 0–2 Years Drug Prescribing Pattern Used Indicator from WHO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Priyadi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate drug used by patients 0–2 years old using five World Health Organization guideline for prescribing indicators, which include average number of drugs per encounter, percentage of drugs prescribed by generic name, percentage of encounters with an antibiotics, injection prescribed, and drugs prescribed from essential drugs list or formulary. Outpatient prescription of patients 0–2 years old period Januari–Desember 2012 were collected retrospectively in one of health facility in Bandung. Average number of drugs per encounter was gained by dividing 6350 drugs with 2741 prescriptions. Percentage of using generic drugs was 9,19 %, antibiotics were 67,53 % and no injections per encounters, whereas percentage of drugs prescribed from essential drugs list was 45,02 %. The result showed that usage of generic drugs and essential drugs were low while the usage of antibiotics is relatively higher than World Health Organization recommendation.

  7. Occupational allergic contact dermatitis in a 2-year follow-up study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brok, Line; Clemmensen, Kim Katrine Bjerring; Carøe, Tanja Korfitsen

    2016-01-01

    results and the results of natural rubber latex protein allergy after 2 years. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-nine patients diagnosed with relevant occupational epoxy or rubber chemical contact allergy, or allergy to natural rubber latex protein, were invited to participate in a questionnaire study about...... >60 years (p natural rubber latex proteins, 50% remembered this correctly. CONCLUSIONS: The impact of patch testing depends on the patients' ability to understand and remember the results...... their knowledge of contact allergies after 2 years. RESULTS: The response rate was 75%. Of the respondents, 13% did not remember their occupational contact allergy to rubber chemicals or epoxy. Ability to remember was not significantly influenced by sex or Dermatology Life Quality Index, but was decreased by age...

  8. Complete Response to Bicalutamide Withdrawal Prolonged for Almost 2 Years in Patients With Metastatic Prostate Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hongo, Hiroshi; Kosaka, Takeo; Oya, Mototsugu

    2014-09-01

    This is the first case report describing a complete response to bicalutamide withdrawal that lasted for almost 2 years in a patient with metastatic prostate cancer. An 80-year-old man who had prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level elevation (168.1 ng/mL) visited our hospital in February 2010. Bone scintigraphy showed pelvic metastases. We started hormonal therapy with leuprorelin and bicalutamide. The PSA concentration decreased to <0.1 ng/mL but started increasing again and reached 1.64 ng/mL in October 2012, at which time bicalutamide administration was discontinued. The PSA concentration decreased again and has remained below the limit of sensitivity for almost 2 years.

  9. Constrained Inclusion: Access and Persistence Among Undocumented Community College Students in California's Central Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Negrón-Gonzales, Genevieve

    2017-01-01

    This article examines the ways in which citizenship status uniquely shapes both the access and persistence of undocumented community college students in the Central Valley of California. Drawing on more than 2 years of qualitative fieldwork, it is argued that undocumented community college students navigate an institutional landscape of…

  10. Hiring Diverse Faculty Members in Community Colleges: A Case Study in Ethical Decision Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujimoto, Eugene Oropeza

    2012-01-01

    As the diversity of students on college campuses continues to increase, the racial and ethnic diversity among faculty members continues to lag (Jayakumar, Howard, Allen, & Han, 2009; Turner, Myers, & Creswell, 1999). An often overlooked segment of this problem is the 2-year-college setting. With increasing numbers of students of color achieving…

  11. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) does not slow the progression of subclinical atherosclerosis in SLE over 2 years

    OpenAIRE

    KIANI, ADNAN N.; Magder, Laurence S.; Petri, Michelle

    2011-01-01

    Accelerated atherosclerosis is a major cause of mortality in SLE. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) has been shown to suppress growth factor-induced proliferation of vascular smooth muscle and endothelial cells in animal models. We hypothesized that MMF might modify the inflammatory component of atherosclerosis in SLE. We examined the effect of MMF on atherosclerosis as measured by changes in carotid intima–media thickness (IMT) or coronary artery calcium (CAC) over 2 years. CAC and carotid IMT wer...

  12. Contrast sensitivity evaluation of aspheric and spherical intraocular lenses 2 years after implantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caporossi, Aldo; Casprini, Fabrizio; Martone, Gianluca; Balestrazzi, Angelo; Tosi, Gian Marco; Ciompi, Leonardo

    2009-07-01

    To compare the quality of vision with aspheric and spherical intraocular lenses (IOLs) in pseudophakic patients after long-term follow-up. Two hundred eyes of 100 patients with bilateral cataracts were randomly assigned to receive spherical (Acrysof SN60AT [Alcon Laboratories Inc] or Sensar AR40e [Advanced Medical Optics Inc]) or aspheric IOLs (Acrysof SN60WF [Alcon] or Tecnis Z9000 [Advanced Medical Optics]). Ophthalmologic examination, including best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), pupil size, ocular dominance, contrast sensitivity under mesopic and photopic conditions, and wavefront analysis, was performed 2 months and 1 and 2 years after surgery. No statistically significant differences among the four groups in terms of age, pupil diameter, postoperative BSCVA, comeal spherical aberration, and posterior capsular opacification were noted. At all followup examinations, contrast sensitivity results showed no significant differences between the two aspheric IOLs at all spatial frequencies. Under photopic conditions, significant differences (P<.05) between spherical and aspheric IOLs were detected for spatial frequencies of 12 and 18 cycles per degree (cpd) at 2 months and 2 years and 12 cpd at 1 year. Under mesopic conditions, significant differences (P<.05) were detected between spherical and aspheric IOLs for all spatial frequencies at 2 months; all spatial frequencies except 18 cpd at 1 year; and spatial frequencies of 3, 12, and 18 cpd at 2 years. In addition, aspheric IOLs had statistical reductions in total spherical aberration at all follow-up examinations (P<.01). This study confirms that implantation of a modified aspheric IOL improves functional visual performance at 2 years postoperative.

  13. Complete paroxysmal atrioventricular block in a 2-year-old girl

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Line M; Dixen, Ulrik; Jeppesen, Dorthe L

    2014-01-01

    We present a case of atypical syncope in a 2-year-old, otherwise healthy girl. The patient presented with three episodes of syncope without any precipitating factors and no family history of sudden unexpected death. Holter monitoring revealed 24 events of complete atrioventricular block lasting u...... to 6 seconds. A normal 12-lead electrocardiogram does not necessarily exclude cardiac disease, and Holter monitoring is warranted in children with atypical syncope....

  14. Giant epicardial cyst presenting as acute cardiac tamponade in a 2-year-old boy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masuoka, Ayumu; Sakurai, Hayato; Shiraishi, Masahisa; Yoshiba, Shigeki; Katogi, Toshiyuki; Suzuki, Takaaki

    2015-09-01

    Cystic structures within the pericardial cavity are rare. They are divided into epicardial and pericardial variants. Pericardial and epicardial cysts rarely cause symptoms. This report describes a case of epicardial cyst with acute cardiac tamponade in a 2-year-old boy with no previous cardiac history who was transferred to our hospital because of hemodynamic instability. Emergency drainage of the pericardial effusion and complete excision of the cyst were performed through a median full sternotomy.

  15. Back posture education in elementary schoolchildren: a 2-year follow-up study

    OpenAIRE

    Geldhof, Elisabeth; Cardon, Greet; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; De Clercq, Dirk

    2006-01-01

    Within the scope of primary prevention regarding back functioning in children, research on the stability of intervention effects is indispensable. Along this line, the transition from childhood to adolescence is an important phase to evaluate the potential stability of intervention effects because of the typically mechanical and psychological demands related to adolescence. The main aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of a back education program at 2-year follow-up, in you...

  16. 2 years versus 1 year of adjuvant trastuzumab for HER2-positive breast cancer (HERA)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Goldhirsch, Aron; Gelber, Richard D; Piccart-Gebhart, Martine J

    2013-01-01

    Trastuzumab has established efficacy against breast cancer with overexpression or amplification of the HER2 oncogene. The standard of care is 1 year of adjuvant trastuzumab, but the optimum duration of treatment is unknown. We compared 2 years of treatment with trastuzumab with 1 year of treatmen......, and updated the comparison of 1 year of trastuzumab versus observation at a median follow-up of 8 years, for patients enrolled in the HERceptin Adjuvant (HERA) trial....

  17. Pial synangiosis in patients with moyamoya younger than 2 years of age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Eric M; Lin, Ning; Manjila, Sunil; Scott, R Michael; Smith, Edward R

    2014-04-01

    Object Patients with moyamoya who are younger than 2 years of age represent a therapeutic challenge because of their frequent neurological instability and concomitant anesthetic risks. The authors report their experience with pial synangiosis revascularization in this population. Methods The authors reviewed the clinical and radiographic records of all patients with moyamoya in a consecutive series of patients under 2 years of age, who underwent cerebral revascularization surgery using pial synangiosis at a single institution. Results During a 12-year period (1994-2005), 34 procedures (bilateral in 15 patients, unilateral in 4) were performed in 19 patients younger than 2 years (out of a total of 456 procedures in 240 patients). Eighteen of these patients presented with either stroke or transient ischemic attack. The average age of the 19 patients at first surgery was 1.4 years (range 6 months-1.9 years). Unanticipated staged operations occurred in 3 patients, due to persistent electroencephalographic changes during the initial surgery in 2 cases and due to brain swelling during the procedure requiring ventriculostomy in the other. There were 2 perioperative strokes; both patients had postoperative seizures but made clinical recoveries. The average follow-up was 7 years (range 1-14 years). Long term, at follow-up, 13 patients (68%) were clinically independent for their age, with 8 (42%) having no significant deficit. Late complications included subdural hygroma evacuation (1), additional revascularization procedures performed years later for frontal lobe ischemia (2), late infarction (1), and asymptomatic ischemic change on routine follow-up MRI studies (1). All patients who had both pre- and postoperative angiography demonstrated progression of disease. Conclusions Despite the challenges inherent to this population, the majority of children with moyamoya under the age of 2 years have a good long-term prognosis. The data from this study support the use of pial

  18. Patient satisfaction and penile morphology changes with postoperative penile rehabilitation 2 years after Coloplast Titan prosthesis

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    A common complaint after inflatable penile prosthesis surgery is reduced penile length. We previously reported how using the Coloplast Titan inflatable penile prosthesis with aggressive new length measurement technique (NLMT) coupled with postoperative IPP rehabilitation of the implant for 1-year helped to improve patient satisfaction and erectile penile measurements. This is a 2 years follow-up of a prospective, three-center, study of 40 patients who underwent Titan prosthesis placement, wit...

  19. Filariasis presenting as a scrotal nodule in a 2 year old child:A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kiran Yagain; Mary Mathew

    2011-01-01

    A two year old boy from southwestern village of India presented with a2 cm í1 cm size swelling in scrotum for8 months. It was excised surgically and the histopathological examination revealed a gravid filarial worm. The occurrence of adult filarial worm in2 year old boy signifies the endemicity and high larval load of insect vectors in western coast of south India.

  20. Patient satisfaction and penile morphology changes with postoperative penile rehabilitation 2 years after Coloplast Titan prosthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pryor, Michael B; Carrion, Rafael; Wang, Run; Henry, Gerard

    2016-01-01

    A common complaint after inflatable penile prosthesis surgery is reduced penile length. We previously reported how using the Coloplast Titan inflatable penile prosthesis with aggressive new length measurement technique (NLMT) coupled with postoperative IPP rehabilitation of the implant for 1-year helped to improve patient satisfaction and erectile penile measurements. This is a 2 years follow-up of a prospective, three-center, study of 40 patients who underwent Titan prosthesis placement, with new length measurement technique for erectile dysfunction. Patient instructions were to inflate daily for 6 months and then inflate maximally for 1–2 h daily for 6–24 months. Fifteen penile measurements were taken before and immediately after surgery and at follow-up visits. Measurement changes were improved at 24 months as compared to immediately postoperative and at 12 months. 67.8% of subjects were satisfied with their length at 2 years, and 77% had perceived penile length that was longer (30.8%) or the same (46.2%) as prior to the surgery. 64.3% and 17.9% of subjects had increased and unchanged satisfaction, respectively, with penile length as compared to prior to penile implant surgery. All but one subject (96.5%) was satisfied with the overall function of his implant. This study suggests using the Coloplast Titan with aggressive cylinder sizing, and a postoperative penile rehabilitation inflation protocol can optimize patient satisfaction and erectile penile measurements at 2 years postimplant. PMID:26459782

  1. Breastfeeding Duration and Anogenital Distance in 2-Year-Old Infants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortega-García, Juan Antonio; Olano-Soler, Henry Andrés; Martínez-Álvarez, Ana; Campillo-López, Ferran; Gomariz-Peñalver, Virtudes; Mendiola-Olivares, Jaime; Iglesias-Gómez, Carlos; Escribano-Muñoz, Arancha

    2016-09-01

    The anogenital distance (AGD) is an anthropometric marker determined by exposures to androgens in utero and throughout the first few months of life. Early exposures to endocrine-disrupting chemicals such as phthalates have been significantly associated with shortened AGD in boys. Limited studies have explored phthalate concentrations in breast milk and infant formula. To explore the associations between breastfeeding duration and AGD measures in infants. MALAMA (Medio Ambiente y Lactancia Materna) is a follow-up study of 430 mother-child pairs, from birth to 2 years, from two population-based cohorts in Murcia, Spain. Data were collected through medical visits and telephone surveys from birth to 2 years of age. World Health Organization breastfeeding definitions were used. AGD measurements were assessed in a subsample of 71 boys and 49 girls at the 2-year visit. Descriptive analyses, Pearson correlations, and linear regressions were calculated between AGD and breastfeeding duration. Duration of all types of breastfeeding, especially full breastfeeding (FB), is correlated with AGD measures in boys (p < 0.05). AGDAS (anoscrotal distance) and AGDAP (anopenile distance) were positively associated with FB (β = 0.004, 95%CI: 0.001-0.007 and β = 0.003, 95%CI: 0.000-0.007, respectively). A positive correlation between AGD in male infants and the duration of breastfeeding is reported. Inversely, early introduction of infant formula could lead to the reduction of AGD in boys.

  2. Health related quality of life in renal transplantation: 2 years of longitudinal follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa-Requena, Gema; Cantarell, M Carmen; Moreso, Francesc; Parramon, Gemma; Seron, Daniel

    2017-08-10

    Health related quality of life (HRQoL) is recognized as an outcome measure in kidney transplantation. In this study was assessed changes on HRQoL and kidney-specific symptoms, also was evaluated the effect of socio-demographic and clinical parameters on patient's perceived HRQoL. A longitudinal study was done, at 5 time-points over 2 years after transplantation. To evaluate HRQoL the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Questionnaire Short Form was administrated, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was used to assess psychological distress. At 6-months after transplantation, patients had similar HRQoL scores compared to the general population. The improvement on effects of kidney disease domain could be considered as large (η(2)=0.29), and medium on burden of kidney disease domain (η(2)=0.12), work status domain (η(2)=0.12), and sexual function domain (η(2)=0.13). Psychological distress, depressive symptoms, haemoglobin, and serum creatinine had significant influence on patient's perceived HRQoL over 2 years after transplantation. An improvement of HRQoL was observed on general and specific-targeted symptoms over 2 years after renal transplantation. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  3. Patient satisfaction and penile morphology changes with postoperative penile rehabilitation 2 years after Coloplast Titan prosthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael B Pryor

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A common complaint after inflatable penile prosthesis surgery is reduced penile length. We previously reported how using the Coloplast Titan inflatable penile prosthesis with aggressive new length measurement technique (NLMT coupled with postoperative IPP rehabilitation of the implant for 1-year helped to improve patient satisfaction and erectile penile measurements. This is a 2 years follow-up of a prospective, three-center, study of 40 patients who underwent Titan prosthesis placement, with new length measurement technique for erectile dysfunction. Patient instructions were to inflate daily for 6 months and then inflate maximally for 1-2 h daily for 6-24 months. Fifteen penile measurements were taken before and immediately after surgery and at follow-up visits. Measurement changes were improved at 24 months as compared to immediately postoperative and at 12 months. 67.8% of subjects were satisfied with their length at 2 years, and 77% had perceived penile length that was longer (30.8% or the same (46.2% as prior to the surgery. 64.3% and 17.9% of subjects had increased and unchanged satisfaction, respectively, with penile length as compared to prior to penile implant surgery. All but one subject (96.5% was satisfied with the overall function of his implant. This study suggests using the Coloplast Titan with aggressive cylinder sizing, and a postoperative penile rehabilitation inflation protocol can optimize patient satisfaction and erectile penile measurements at 2 years postimplant.

  4. Patient satisfaction and penile morphology changes with postoperative penile rehabilitation 2 years after Coloplast Titan prosthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pryor, Michael B; Carrion, Rafael; Wang, Run; Henry, Gerard

    2016-01-01

    A common complaint after inflatable penile prosthesis surgery is reduced penile length. We previously reported how using the Coloplast Titan inflatable penile prosthesis with aggressive new length measurement technique (NLMT) coupled with postoperative IPP rehabilitation of the implant for 1-year helped to improve patient satisfaction and erectile penile measurements. This is a 2 years follow-up of a prospective, three-center, study of 40 patients who underwent Titan prosthesis placement, with new length measurement technique for erectile dysfunction. Patient instructions were to inflate daily for 6 months and then inflate maximally for 1-2 h daily for 6-24 months. Fifteen penile measurements were taken before and immediately after surgery and at follow-up visits. Measurement changes were improved at 24 months as compared to immediately postoperative and at 12 months. 67.8% of subjects were satisfied with their length at 2 years, and 77% had perceived penile length that was longer (30.8%) or the same (46.2%) as prior to the surgery. 64.3% and 17.9% of subjects had increased and unchanged satisfaction, respectively, with penile length as compared to prior to penile implant surgery. All but one subject (96.5%) was satisfied with the overall function of his implant. This study suggests using the Coloplast Titan with aggressive cylinder sizing, and a postoperative penile rehabilitation inflation protocol can optimize patient satisfaction and erectile penile measurements at 2 years postimplant.

  5. Public Values

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beck Jørgensen, Torben; Rutgers, Mark R.

    2015-01-01

    administration is approached in terms of processes guided or restricted by public values and as public value creating: public management and public policy-making are both concerned with establishing, following and realizing public values. To study public values a broad perspective is needed. The article suggest......This article provides the introduction to a symposium on contemporary public values research. It is argued that the contribution to this symposium represent a Public Values Perspective, distinct from other specific lines of research that also use public value as a core concept. Public...... a research agenda for this encompasing kind of public values research. Finally the contributions to the symposium are introduced....

  6. 9.5 college credit fiber optic training program for under- and unemployed women: a private/public/continuing education partnership designed to promote women in fiber optics as a workforce initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stroup, Margaret H.; Valentin, Marjorie R.; Seebeck, Randall G.; Williams, Joseph; Jeffers, Deborah; Markoja, Robert

    2002-05-01

    Three Rivers Community College, in conjunction with CiDRA Corporation a fiber-optic telecommunication company and Middlesex Community College, offered a 12 week, 9.5 college credit Fiber Optics training program for 14 unemployed and underemployed women in central Connecticut. Classes were held at the Meriden Center of Middlesex Community College, with some laboratory activities held at CiDRA's headquarters in Wallingford. Connecticut photonics related manufacturing companies project a need to hire anywhere from 100 to 1000 new photonics workers over the next several years. Despite this incredible demand, Three Rivers Community College is the only community college to offer an associate degree program in Photonics Engineering Technology in Connecticut, and one of only two colleges in new England. Funded in part by monies targeting Non-Traditional Occupations for women through the Connecticut Department of Labor, this accelerated program enabled participants to learn industry basics, be interview ready, and earn valuable credit towards an associate degree. The goal of the training program is to provide these former waitresses, truck drivers, certified nurse aides and medical technicians an opportunity to enter the higher-paying field of fiber-optic technology. The course, designed with curriculum assistance from Connecticut companies, will provide education and training needed to qualify for an entry-level position in fiber-optic manufacturing. In addition to free tuition students enrolled in the program received all supplies needed for the course including textbooks, a scientific calculator and an optics experiment kit. Students also practiced fiber termination and splicing skills and were eligible to take the Fiber Optic Association Certification Test at the conclusion of the program. The cost for the test was also paid by the grant. Students met regularly with female employees of CiDRA who served as mentors for the 12- week program. Math and science tutoring was

  7. Zoledronic acid in children with osteogenesis imperfecta and Bruck syndrome: a 2-year prospective observational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otaify, G A; Aglan, M S; Ibrahim, M M; Elnashar, M; El Banna, R A S; Temtamy, S A

    2016-01-01

    Treatment with zoledronic acid (ZA) over 2 years, among 33 children with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) and five Bruck syndrome cases, showed reduction in fracture rates, pain, and improvement in bone mineral density (BMD) and motor milestones of development. This is the first study reporting the use of bisphosphonates in patients with Bruck syndrome (BS). OI and BS are genetic disorders that result in bone fragility and reduced BMD. There is little literature describing the efficacy and safety of ZA in this population. In this study, we assess the response to treatment with ZA at six monthly intervals in Egyptian children with OI and BS for a period of 2 years. Thirty-three patients with OI and five patients with BS were treated with 0.1 mg/kg ZA intravenously every 6 months for 2 years during which they were followed up using different parameters. A clinical severity score (CSS) was applied to the patients before and 2 years after the start of therapy. Comparison of disease severity and response to ZA treatment between autosomal-dominant (AD) and autosomal-recessive (AR) OI patients was also done. After 6 months of treatment, OI and BS patients showed a significant increase in BMD Z-scores (P < 0.003 in the spine and P < 0.004 in the hip), together with a significant drop in fracture rate (P < 0.001), relief of pain (P < 0.001), and improvement in ambulation (P < 0.001). CSS was significantly reduced after 2 years of treatment in both OI and BS patients. AR-OI patients were more severely affected than AD-OI patients and showed more significant improvement. Zoledronic acid proved to be safe and effective in the treatment of OI and BS. The biannual infusion protocol was convenient to patients. There was a positive correlation between disease severity and benefits of the treatment. The use of the CSS proved to be of value in the assessment of the degree of severity in OI, and with some modifications, it was a valuable tool for the assessment of

  8. The Path to Baltimore's "Best Prospect" Jobs without a College Degree: Career Credentialing Programs at Baltimore's Community Colleges. The Abell Report. Volume 28, No. 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopkins, Barbara L.

    2015-01-01

    Only one in five graduates of Baltimore City Public Schools matriculates to a four-year college; the vast majority enroll in community college or look for a full-time job. Baltimore graduates and job-seekers need postsecondary training that works. "The Path to Baltimore's 'Best Prospect' Jobs without a College Degree: Career Credentialing…

  9. Review of Online Programming Characteristics and Pricing at Private Not-for-Profit Two Year Colleges in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahlstrom, Christopher

    2016-01-01

    Online programming has expanded greatly within higher education and much attention has been spent on public two year colleges (more commonly known as community colleges) and both private and public four year institutions. This research seeks to expand understanding of the small market of private not-for-profit two year colleges within the United…

  10. A research on the guide policy of college network public opinion under new media situation based on the agenda setting theory%新媒体情境下基于议程设置理论的高校网络舆情引导策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路遥

    2015-01-01

    议程设置理论是大众传媒的经典理论。随着信息技术的不断发展,各种新媒体层出不穷并被大学生广泛使用。新媒体情境下的议程设置有着显著的特征。高校应充分把握新媒体情境下的议程设置的特色和原则,充分发挥议程设置在网络舆情引导中的作用,提高政治宣传和思想教育的实效。%Agenda setting theory is the classical theory of the Mass Media.With the continuous development of information technology,various kinds of new media have emerged and they were widely used by college students.Due to the distinguishing features of the agenda setting under new media situation,colleges are supposed to take full advantages of its features and princi-ples of agenda setting.Then colleges should give its full play in the network public opinion guidance and improve the effectiveness of political propaganda and ideological education.

  11. College mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Şengül, Caner

    2016-01-01

    College Mechanics QueBank has been designed to be different, enthusiastic, interesting and helpful to you. Therefore, it is not just a test bank about mechanics but also it is like a compass in order to find your way in mechanics Each chapter in this book is put in an order to follow a hierarchy of the mechanics topics; from vectors to simple harmonic motion. Throughout the book there are many multiple choice and long answer questions for you to solve. They have been created for YGS, LYS, SAT, IB or other standardized exams in the world because mechanics has no boundaries and so Physics has no country. Learn the main principle of each chapter and explore the daily life applications. Then you can start to solve the questions by planning a problem solving method carefully. Finally, enjoy solving the questions and discover the meachanics of the universe once more.

  12. College Student Suicide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taub, Deborah J.; Thompson, Jalonda

    2013-01-01

    Suicide is the second-leading cause of death among college students, and it is estimated that 1,088 college students die by suicide each year (National Mental Health Association and the Jed Foundation, 2002). This chapter presents the context of college student mental health within which the problem of college student suicide is situated. Because…

  13. Surviving Math, Surviving College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaffhauser, Dian

    2009-01-01

    According to a 2000 community college study by Miami Dade College (FL) President Emeritus Robert McCabe, 41 percent of students entering community colleges are underprepared in at least one basic skill area. A three-year study of community college students, published in 2009 by the National Center for Education Statistics, reported that 41 percent…

  14. College Student Suicide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taub, Deborah J.; Thompson, Jalonda

    2013-01-01

    Suicide is the second-leading cause of death among college students, and it is estimated that 1,088 college students die by suicide each year (National Mental Health Association and the Jed Foundation, 2002). This chapter presents the context of college student mental health within which the problem of college student suicide is situated. Because…

  15. Timing Is Everything: A Comparative Study of the Adjustment Process of Fall and Mid-Year Community College Transfer Students at a Public Four-Year University. Working Paper Series. Number 1-10

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peska, Scott F.

    2009-01-01

    This sequential mixed method study (Creswell, 2003) compared the adjustment process of community college transfer students who began in the fall to those who began mid-year, beginning with a quantitative phase and extending to a qualitative phase of data collection in the fall semester and repeating this same sequence of data gathering with…

  16. PUBLIC SCHOOL LAWS OF NORTH CAROLINA--COMMUNITY COLLEGES, TECHNICAL INSTITUTES, AND INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION CENTERS. CHAPTER 115A, GENERAL STATUTES OF NORTH CAROLINA, INCLUDING AMENDMENTS ADOPTED BY THE 1965 AND 1967 GENERAL ASSEMBLIES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    North Carolina General Assembly, Raleigh.

    CHAPTER 115A OF THE GENERAL STATUTES OF NORTH CAROLINA PROVIDES FOR THE STATE'S COMMUNITY COLLEGES, TECHNICAL INSTITUTES, AND INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION CENTERS. IT INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING ARTICLES--(1) GENERAL PROVISIONS FOR STATE ADMINISTRATION, (2) LOCAL ADMINISTRATION, (3) FINANCIAL SUPPORT, (4) BUDGETING, ACCOUNTING, AND FISCAL MANAGEMENT, (5)…

  17. Nutritional Status among a Sample of Saudi College Students

    OpenAIRE

    Jafar M. EL-Qudah; Hasan Al-Omran; Bassam Abu-Alsoud; Tasnim O. I. Al-Shek Yousef

    2012-01-01

    Nutritional habits and health behaviors have been a major concern for public health, especially among vulnerable groups such as teenage and college students. This study aims to assess nutritional status of a sample of Saudi college students and their dietary behaviors. A multi-stage sample was obtained from a private college in the north-western region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Descriptive statistics was used to assess the frequency of some nutritional habits and their correlation...

  18. Impact of Aspirin and Clopidogrel Hyporesponsiveness in Patients Treated With Drug-Eluting Stents: 2-Year Results of a Prospective, Multicenter Registry Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuckey, Thomas D; Kirtane, Ajay J; Brodie, Bruce R; Witzenbichler, Bernhard; Litherland, Claire; Weisz, Giora; Rinaldi, Michael J; Neumann, Franz-Josef; Metzger, D Christopher; Henry, Timothy D; Cox, David A; Duffy, Peter L; Mazzaferri, Ernest L; Gurbel, Paul A; Mehran, Roxana; Généreux, Philippe; Ben-Yehuda, Ori; Simonton, Charles A; Stone, Gregg W

    2017-08-28

    In this analysis of 2-year outcomes in the ADAPT-DES (Assessment of Dual AntiPlatelet Therapy with Drug-Eluting Stents) study, the authors sought to examine the independent associations between platelet reactivity to both aspirin and clopidogrel and subsequent outcomes. The relationship between platelet reactivity and long-term adverse events following implantation of drug-eluting stents (DES) has been incompletely characterized. The ADAPT-DES study was a multicenter registry of patients undergoing routine platelet function testing following percutaneous coronary intervention with DES. The primary study endpoint was definite or probable stent thrombosis (ST); other endpoints were all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, and clinically relevant bleeding. A total of 8,582 patients were enrolled between 2008 and 2010; 46.3% of patients were on dual antiplatelet therapy at 2 years without discontinuation. At 2 years, definite or probable ST occurred in 92 patients (1.07%). In patients treated with dual antiplatelet therapy continuously for 2 years, high platelet reactivity on clopidogrel was independently associated with definite or probable ST (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 2.16; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.27 to 3.67; p = 0.003), myocardial infarction (adjusted HR: 1.35; 95% CI: 1.05 to 1.74; p = 0.02), freedom from clinically relevant bleeding (adjusted HR: 0.74; 95% CI: 0.62 to 0.90; p = 0.002), and all-cause mortality (adjusted HR: 1.36; 95% CI: 1.01 to 1.85; p = 0.04). Between years 1 and 2, high platelet reactivity was not associated with the very late ST and in patients on aspirin monotherapy, aspirin hyporesponsiveness was not associated with adverse outcomes. The present study confirms the strong relationship of high platelet reactivity on clopidogrel to 2-year ischemic and bleeding outcomes after DES. The majority of stent-related events occurred within the first year. Copyright © 2017 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by

  19. The Bangladesh clubfoot project: audit of 2-year outcomes of Ponseti treatment in 400 children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perveen, Roksana; Evans, Angela M; Ford-Powell, Vikki; Dietz, Frederick R; Barker, Simon; Wade, Paul W; Khan, Shariful I

    2014-01-01

    Congenital clubfoot deformity can cause significant disability, and if left untreated, may further impoverish those in developing countries, like Bangladesh. The Ponseti method has been strategically introduced in Bangladesh by a nongovernment organization, Walk For Life (WFL). WFL has provided free treatment for over 8000 Bangladeshi children with clubfeet, sustained by local ownership, and international support. This audit assesses the 2-year results in children for whom treatment began before the age of 3 years. The 10 largest WFL clinics, of the 24 across Bangladesh, were pragmatically accessed in this audit availing 1442 subjects meeting the study criteria, from which 400 children were randomly selected and examined. A specific assessment tool was developed and validated. Results for 400 cases were returned: 269 males, 131 females. Typical clubfeet comprised 79% of cases, and 55% were bilateral. A tenotomy rate of 79%, and brace use after 2 years of 85%, were notable findings. Functionally, most children could walk independently (99.0%), run (95.5%), squat (93.3%), and manage steps unassisted (93.0%). The ability to squat was the most indicative outcome measure, correlating with: less corrective casts, good and continued brace use, nonvarus heel position, good ankle range of motion, good Bangla clubfoot scores, and the ability to walk. Relapsing deformity was suspected with heel varus (18.0% left; 21.5% right). Parental satisfaction was very high, but cost of 3000 Taka ($US 38.48) was deemed unaffordable by 59%. The outcomes in young children after 2 years of Ponseti treatment for clubfoot deformity showed that 99% were able to walk independently. The assessment tool developed for this study avails ongoing monitoring. Without the patronage of WFL, most of these children would not have had access to treatment, and be unable to walk. Level II-lesser-quality prospective study.

  20. INTRASTROMAL CORNEAL RING SEGMENTS (ICRS, KERAVISION RING, INTACSTM: CLINICAL RESULTS AFTER 2 YEARS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josef Ruckhofer

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Background. Since 1996 Intrastromal Corneal Ring Segments (IntacsTM, KeraVision, Inc.Fremont, Ca, USA have been used for the correction of mild to moderate myopia at the Salzburg Eye Clinic. Aim of this study was to evaluate the stability, reversibility and adjustability for this new method.Patients and methods. Our experience and final results of 54 surgeries – 30 eyes with a minimum follow-up of 2 years – as well as the potential reversibility (3 explantations, 2 of them followed by PRK and adjustability (3 exchanges are reported in detail.Results. None of the eyes lost more than one line in BSCVA (in 14 of 30 eyes the BSCVA improved. 73% (22/30 eyes reached an UCVA of 1.0 or better, 47% (14/30 eyes of 1.25 or better. After 2 years 47% (14/30 eyes were within ± 0.5 Dsph of the attempted correction. We observed no significant intraor postoperative complications. After ICRS removal the refractive data returned within ± 0.75 Dsph (MRSE and ± 0.5 Dsph (mean keratometry of preoperative values, respectively. Patients with an ICRS exchange obtained an improved visual acuity between 0.8 and 1.0, gaining between 2 to 4 lines.Conclusions. With the follow-up period of 2 years the ICRS seem to provide a very stable correction of low to moderate myopia. The procedure is reversible to a large extent, potentially adjustable (within certain limits and carries a minimal risk only. After explantation PRK can be performed with good visual results.

  1. Clinically significant behavior problems among young children 2 years after the Great East Japan Earthquake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujiwara, Takeo; Yagi, Junko; Homma, Hiroaki; Mashiko, Hirobumi; Nagao, Keizo; Okuyama, Makiko

    2014-01-01

    On March 11, 2011, a massive undersea earthquake and tsunami struck East Japan. Few studies have investigated the impact of exposure to a natural disaster on preschool children. We investigated the association of trauma experiences during the Great East Japan Earthquake on clinically significant behavior problems among preschool children 2 years after the earthquake. Participants were children who were exposed to the 2011 disaster at preschool age (affected area, n = 178; unaffected area, n = 82). Data were collected from September 2012 to June 2013 (around 2 years after the earthquake), thus participants were aged 5 to 8 years when assessed. Severe trauma exposures related to the earthquake (e.g., loss of family members) were assessed by interview, and trauma events in the physical environment related to the earthquake (e.g. housing damage), and other trauma exposure before the earthquake, were assessed by questionnaire. Behavior problems were assessed by caregivers using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), which encompasses internalizing, externalizing, and total problems. Children who exceeded clinical cut-off of the CBCL were defined as having clinically significant behavior problems. Rates of internalizing, externalizing, and total problems in the affected area were 27.7%, 21.2%, and 25.9%, respectively. The rate ratio suggests that children who lost distant relatives or friends were 2.36 times more likely to have internalizing behavior problems (47.6% vs. 20.2%, 95% CI: 1.10-5.07). Other trauma experiences before the earthquake also showed significant positive association with internalizing, externalizing, and total behavior problems, which were not observed in the unaffected area. One in four children still had behavior problems even 2 years after the Great East Japan Earthquake. Children who had other trauma experiences before the earthquake were more likely to have behavior problems. These data will be useful for developing future interventions in

  2. Oncological results at 2 years after robotic radical prostatectomy – the Romanian experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andras, Iulia; Coman, Radu-Tudor; Logigan, Horia; Epure, Flavia; Stanca, Dan Vasile; Coman, Ioan

    2016-01-01

    Introduction To assess the oncological outcomes of robotic radical prostatectomy in a country where there are no on-going national screening programs for prostate cancer. Material and methods Between November 2009 and November 2014, 220 robotic radical prostatectomies were performed at our Robotic Surgery Center. We already have the complete data for the 2-year follow-up of the first 105 patients, who were therefore included in the study group. Pre-operative (age, prostate-specific antigen, body-mass index, prostate volume, clinical staging, biopsy characteristics), post-operative (surgical technique, surgical margin status, lymph node status, pathological stage, Gleason score) and follow-up parameters (biochemical recurrence) were assessed. Results The global rate of positive surgical margins was 34.3%, with rates of 17.2% in stage pT2 and 55.3% in stage pT3. The most frequent localization for positive surgical margins was at the base and apex of the prostate. The positive surgical margins rate was correlated with the pre-operative prostate-specific antigen, clinical and pathological Gleason score, lymph node status and the number of positive biopsy cores. The rate of biochemical recurrence at the 2-year follow-up was 11.8%. The most important predictors for the biochemical recurrence were the positive surgical margins, pathological staging and Gleason score on the prostatectomy specimen. Conclusions Robotic surgery is validated by the oncological results at medium follow-up (2 years) for localized and locally advanced prostate cancer, even in countries where there is no on-going national screening program. PMID:27123326

  3. Bone remodeling around the Cambridge cup: a DEXA study of 50 hips over 2 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Field, Richard E; Cronin, Michael D; Singh, Parminder J; Burtenshaw, Christine; Rushton, Neil

    2006-10-01

    In a prospective 2-year study we have used dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to measure periprosthetic bone mineral density (BMD) following implantation of a novel, "physiological", acetabular component designed using composite materials. The acetabular components were implanted in hydroxyapatite (HA) and HA-removed options. They were implanted in conjunction with a cemented femoral component in 50 female patients who presented with displaced, subcapital, fractures of the neck of the femur. Regions of interest (ROI) were defined according to De Lee and Charnley. BMD during follow-up was compared with immediate postoperative values for the affected limb. The mean precision error (CV%) was 1.01%, 2.26% and 1.12%, for ROI I, II and III respectively. The mean change in BMD, for both cups, was analyzed. There was no significant difference between the BMD changes induced with the HA- and non-HA-coated cups. After an initial fall in BMD in all 3 ROI at 6 months, ROI I and ROI II showed return to baseline BMD by 2 years. ROI III showed no significant decrease in BMD beyond 6 months, but did not return to baseline levels. Statistical analysis revealed no significant decrease in BMD in ROI I and ROI II at 2 years, compared with immediate postoperative values. The changes in BMD reflect a pattern of maximally reduced stress in the non-weight-bearing zone (ROI III), with preservation of bone density in weight bearing zones ROI I and ROI II. These results support the design principles of the Cambridge cup.

  4. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) does not slow the progression of subclinical atherosclerosis in SLE over 2 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiani, Adnan N; Magder, Laurence S; Petri, Michelle

    2012-09-01

    Accelerated atherosclerosis is a major cause of mortality in SLE. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) has been shown to suppress growth factor-induced proliferation of vascular smooth muscle and endothelial cells in animal models. We hypothesized that MMF might modify the inflammatory component of atherosclerosis in SLE. We examined the effect of MMF on atherosclerosis as measured by changes in carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) or coronary artery calcium (CAC) over 2 years. CAC and carotid IMT were measured at baseline and 2 years later in a cohort of 187 patients with SLE. The cohort was 91% women, 59% Caucasian, and 35% African-American, with a mean age of 45 ± 11 years. Of these, 12.5% (n = 25) received MMF during follow-up. The daily dose ranged from 500 to 3,000 mg/day, and duration ranged from 84 days to the entire 2 years. We divided MMF users into three groups: low exposure (MMF (MMF: 1.17-1.28, low MMF: 1.02-1.13, high MMF: 1.44-1.61, and any MMF: 1.21-1.34 log-Agatston units. Compared to no MMF, there was no statistically different change between the three groups (p = 0.99, 0.87, and 0.91). Similarly, mean carotid IMT increased in all four groups: no MMF: 0.58-0.66, low MMF: 0.55-0.60, high MMF: 0.56-0.71, and any MMF: 0.56-0.66. We then adjusted for statin use, lupus nephritis, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, cholesterol, and age during the 2-year follow-up. The association between MMF exposure and change in CAC or carotid IMT was not statistically significant (p = 0.63 for CAC, and p = 0.085 for carotid IMT). There was no evidence that MMF slowed or decreased the progression of atherosclerosis as measured by carotid IMT or CAC. Because the number of patients taking MMF was only twenty-five, larger studies for longer time periods are needed to explore any effect of MMF on subclinical atherosclerosis in SLE.

  5. Practical prediction model for the risk of 2-year mortality of individuals in the general population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldfarb-Rumyantzev, Alexander; Gautam, Shiva; Brown, Robert S

    2016-04-01

    This study proposed to validate a prediction model and risk-stratification tool of 2-year mortality rates of individuals in the general population suitable for office practice use. A risk indicator (R) derived from data in the literature was based on only 6 variables: to calculate R for an individual, starting with 0, for each year of age above 60, add 0.14; for a male, add 0.9; for diabetes mellitus, add 0.7; for albuminuria > 30 mg/g of creatinine, add 0.7; for stage ≥ 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD), add 0.9; for cardiovascular disease (CVD), add 1.4; or for both CKD and CVD, add 1.7. We developed a univariate logistic regression model predicting 2-year individual mortality rates. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data set (1999-2004 with deaths through 2006) was used as the target for validation. These 12,515 subjects had a mean age of 48.9 ± 18.1 years, 48% males, 9.5% diabetes, 11.7% albuminuria, 6.8% CVD, 5.4% CKD, and 2.8% both CKD and CVD. Using the risk indicator R alone to predict mortality demonstrated good performance with area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of 0.84. Dividing subjects into low-risk (R=0-1.0), low intermediate risk (R > 1.0-3.0), high intermediate risk (R > 3.0-5.0) or high-risk (R > 5.0) categories predicted 2-year mortality rates of 0.52%, 1.44%, 5.19% and 15.24%, respectively, by the prediction model compared with actual mortality rates of 0.29%, 2.48%, 5.13% and 13.40%, respectively. We have validated a model of risk stratification using easily identified clinical characteristics to predict 2-year mortality rates of individuals in the general population. The model demonstrated performance adequate for its potential use for clinical practice and research decisions.

  6. Back posture education in elementary schoolchildren: a 2-year follow-up study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geldhof, Elisabeth; Cardon, Greet; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; De Clercq, Dirk

    2007-06-01

    Within the scope of primary prevention regarding back functioning in children, research on the stability of intervention effects is indispensable. Along this line, the transition from childhood to adolescence is an important phase to evaluate the potential stability of intervention effects because of the typically mechanical and psychological demands related to adolescence. The main aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of a back education program at 2-year follow-up, in youngsters aged 13-14 years, on back posture knowledge, fear-avoidance beliefs and self-reported pain. An additional purpose was to evaluate which aspects of postural behavior were integrated in youngsters' lifestyles. At 2-year follow-up, the study sample included 94 secondary schoolchildren in the intervention group (mean age 13.3 +/- 0.8 years) and 101 controls (mean age 13.2 +/- 0.7 years). The back posture program that had been implemented for two school years consisted of back education and the stimulation of postural dynamism in the class through support and environmental changes. A questionnaire was completed comparable to the pretest, posttest and follow-up evaluations. The current study demonstrated at 2-year follow-up stability of the improved general (F = 1.590, ns) and specific (F = 0.049, ns) back posture knowledge in children who had received early back posture education. Back posture education did not result in increased fear-avoidance beliefs (F = 1.163, ns) or mounting back and/or neck pain reports (F = 0.001, ns). Based on self-reports for postural behavior, youngsters who had received the back posture program in the elementary school curriculum integrated crucial sitting and lifting principles conform to biomechanical favorable postural behavior. The steady intervention effects 2-year post-intervention demonstrated that intensive back posture education through the elementary school curriculum is effective till adolescence. Future research on the impact of early

  7. Vincristine-Induced Neuropathy Presenting as Ptosis and Ophthalmoplegia in a 2-Year-Old Boy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palkar, Amit H; Nair, Akshay Gopinathan; Desai, Roshani J; Potdar, Nayana A; Shinde, Chhaya A

    2015-07-07

    Vincristine is used in the treatment of leukemias, solid tumors, and lymphomas. A case of a 2-year-old boy undergoing treatment for leukemia who developed sudden onset bilateral ptosis and ophthalmoplegia along with generalized neuropathy due to vincristine's neurotoxic effects is presented. He was successfully treated with pyridoxine and pyridostigmine. The possible mechanisms of action and the treatment for vincristine-induced neuropathy are discussed. Prompt treatment and close follow-up is needed, especially in children because prolonged ptosis and motility restriction may have a profound effect on a child's visual function.

  8. On the College Stadium Becoming the Beneficial Supplement for the Sports Public Service System of the City%高校体育场馆成为城市体育公共服务体系有益补充研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋忠良; 张霈

    2016-01-01

    This paper using methods of literature and expert interviews, explores the background of college stadium becoming the beneficial supplement for sports public service, demonstrates the theoretical founda⁃tion and dilemma of it, and puts forward some corresponding strategy which have important guidance to im⁃prove the college sports public service.%随着全民健身运动开展和服务型政府的建设需要,高校体育场馆成为城市体育公共服务体系有益补充是一个新的研究话题。运用文献资料、专家访谈等方法,探究了高校体育场馆成为城市体育公共服务体系有益补充的时代背景,论证了高校体育场馆成为城市体育公共服务体系有益补充的相关依据及困境,并提出相应的策略,对于提高高校体育公共服务有着重要的指导意义。

  9. Religious Orientations: The Role of College Environment and Classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kneipp, Lee B.; Kelly, Kathryn E.; Dubois, Cheryl

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the influence of college environment and classification on religious orientation. The current study compared private, religious versus public, nonreligious college students to determine if there was a difference over time and environment in religious orientation, as measured by the Religious Orientation Scale. The results…

  10. Limited License Legal Technician. Washington's Community and Technical Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges, 2014

    2014-01-01

    A landmark state Supreme Court rule that promises to create new jobs and expand public access to legal help is coming to life at Washington's community and technical colleges. Four colleges--Highline, Edmonds, Tacoma, and Spokane--started training students to become "Limited License Legal Technicians" (LLLTs) in 2014. The state Supreme…

  11. Models and Mavericks: A Profile of Private Liberal Arts Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keeton, Morris T.

    These colleges today enroll only one in five of all American students in colleges and universities, and this proportion will become smaller in the years ahead. But they can continue to make significant contributions if they are given adequate public support. (MJM)

  12. Should College Campuses become Tobacco Free without an Enforcement Plan?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fennell, Reginald

    2012-01-01

    Tobacco-free campuses are a great public health initiative. "Healthy People 2020" and "Healthy Campus 2020" address tobacco use and young adults including college students. Sources indicate that of the more than 6,000 colleges and universities in the United States, less than 800 are either smoke free or tobacco free. An increasing number of…

  13. College & University Budgeting. An Introduction for Faculty and Academic Administrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meisinger, Richard J., Jr.; Dubeck, Leroy W.

    A budgeting handbook for academic administrators and faculty is presented. Economic and political influences on budgeting are considered, along with sources of funds for public and private colleges, and the chronology of the budget process. Multiyear summaries of the budget process in different types of colleges are included. Some major policy…

  14. Constitutional and Statutory Regulation of Private Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faccenda, Philip J.

    1975-01-01

    Considers the main thrust of recent increases in judicial and administrative review of the internal policies of colleges and universities, pointing out exceptions presently applicable to private institutions. Conclusion: Private colleges would be well advised to comply voluntarily with laws which admittedly apply only to public institutions. (JT)

  15. Community College Faculty: Attitudes toward Guns on Campus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahl, Patricia P.; Bonham, Gene, Jr.; Reddington, Frances P.

    2016-01-01

    This exploratory research surveyed faculty who instruct in community colleges from 18 states about their attitudes toward the concealed carry gun policies that allow appropriately licensed citizens to carry a handgun in public places such as college campuses. Building upon previous research involving 4-year institutions, we surveyed 1,889…

  16. Scholarship and the Professional Identity of Community College Faculty Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, James C.

    2015-01-01

    The institutional culture of community colleges often fosters a professional identity among faculty members that sees research, publication, and other forms of out-of-class scholarship as detrimental to teaching and student learning. But the professional associations established by and for community college faculty members in specific academic…

  17. African American College Students: Literacy of Depression and Help Seeking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stansbury, Kim L.; Wimsatt, Maureen; Simpson, Gaynell Marie; Martin, Fayetta; Nelson, Nancy

    2011-01-01

    Depression is a serious public health concern in the United States affecting almost 18.8 million adults. It is a common mental disorder in college students, with estimates of 1 in 4 "experiencing an episode by age 24." African American college students are at an elevated risk for depression due to racism, stress, sleep deprivation, and lack of…

  18. Illinois Community College Board Uniform Accounting Procedures Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    This manual was designed to provide chief finance officers and other administrators with a summary of laws and policies that relate to Illinois public community colleges and to provide a uniform system for accounting, budgeting, auditing, and reporting in the state's community colleges. After chapter I describes the fiscal philosophies and…

  19. Outsourcing Student Housing in American Community Colleges: Problems and Prospects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bekurs, Gray

    2007-01-01

    Today's community colleges are experiencing tremendous growth at a time when higher education is experiencing little success in the fierce battle for public funding. Administrators believe that providing housing on college campuses increases enrollment and improves access, but they are having difficulty meeting students' demands for both quantity…

  20. Meningitis in a College Student in Connecticut, 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sosa, Lynn E.; Gupta, Shaili; Juthani-Mehta, Manisha; Hadler, James L.

    2009-01-01

    The authors describe a case of aseptic meningitis in a college student that was ultimately attributed to infection with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV). The authors also provide a review of LCMV infection, epidemiology, and public health implications. Providers should be aware of LCMV as a cause of meningitis in college students,…

  1. How to cultivate students' creative thinking ability in public English teaching in higher vocational colleges--Taking Public English Teaching in Chien-shiung Institute of Technology as an example%如何在高职公共英语教学中培养学生创新思维能力--以健雄职业技术学院公共英语课程教学为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆敏英

    2014-01-01

    本文将探讨如何在高职公共英语教学中培养学生创新思维能力。心理学家认为,人类通过语言进行思维,创造性的思维只有在创造性的语言活动中得到培养。师生课堂教学活动英语化、情景化、课内外学习一体化的高职英语教学以及对学生评价体系的改变有利于培养学生创新思维能力。%This paper discusses how to cultivate students’ creative thinking ability in public English teaching in higher vocational colleges. Psychologists say, human think through language, creative thinking to get training in creative language activities. English teaching in higher vocational colleges and the students integrated evaluation system changes are conducive to the cultivation of students' creative thinking ability.

  2. Comparison of wear and clinical performance between amalgam, composite and open sandwich restorations: 2-year results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachdeo, A; Gray, Gordon B; Sulieman, M A; Jagger, Daryll C

    2004-03-01

    There has been some disquiet over the use of mercury containing restorative materials. The most commonly used alternative is composite resin but this has the potential disadvantage associated with wear and marginal leakage, which in turn, has proven to result in secondary caries and sensitivity. To overcome the shortcomings of a directly placed composite restoration, the glass-ionomer/composite open sandwich technique was introduced followed by the subsequent introduction of compomer systems. The aims of this study were to evaluate the wear and clinical performance of a control group of amalgam restorations compared with that of a group of posterior composite resin restorations fillings and a group of compomer/composite open sandwich restorations placed by a single general dental practitioner. The duration of the study was 2 years. One hundred and thirty three (71.4%) patients were successfully recalled and the wear and clinical performance of each restoration after 6, 12 and 24 months was measured, indirectly. There was no statistically significant difference recorded between the groups at 6 months or 1 year (p > 0.05). However, at the end of the 2-year study, there was a significantly lower rate of wear recorded for the control amalgam restorations compared with other two groups (p = 0.033). There was no statistically significant difference in wear recorded between the two groups of tooth-coloured restorations (p > 0.05). With regards to clinical performance of the restorations, occlusal and proximal contacts in each group of restoration remained satisfactory throughout the study.

  3. Live pups from evaporatively dried mouse sperm stored at ambient temperature for up to 2 years.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Liu

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to develop a mouse sperm preservation method based on evaporative drying. Mouse sperm were evaporatively dried and stored at 4°C and ambient temperature for 3 months to 2 years. Upon rehydration, a single sperm was injected into a mature oocyte to develop into a blastocyst after culture or a live birth after embryo transfer to a recipient female. For the samples stored at 4°C for 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months, the blastocyst formation rate was 61.5%, 49.1%, 31.5%, 32.2%, and 41.4%, respectively. The blastocyst rate for those stored at ambient temperature (∼22°C for 3, 6, 12, and 18 months was 57.8%, 36.2%, 33.6%, and 34.4%, respectively. Fifteen, eight and three live pups were produced from sperm stored at room temperature for 12, 18, and 24 months, respectively. This is the first report of live offspring produced from dried mouse sperm stored at ambient temperature for up to 2 years. Based on these results, we suggest that evaporative drying is a potentially useful method for the routine preservation of mouse sperm.

  4. A model of Earth's magnetic field derived from 2 years of Swarm satellite constellation data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, Nils; Finlay, Christopher C.; Kotsiaros, Stavros; Tøffner-Clausen, Lars

    2016-07-01

    More than 2 years of magnetic field data taken by the three-satellite constellation mission Swarm are used to derive a model of Earth's magnetic field and its time variation. This model is called SIFMplus. In addition to the magnetic field observations provided by each of the three Swarm satellites, explicit advantage is taken of the constellation aspect of Swarm by including East-West magnetic intensity and vector field gradient information from the lower satellite pair. Along-track differences of the magnetic intensity as well as of the vector components provide further information concerning the North-South gradient. The SIFMplus model provides a description of the static lithospheric field that is very similar to models determined from CHAMP data, up to at least spherical harmonic degree n=75. Also the core field part of SIFMplus, with a quadratic time dependence for n ≤ 6 and a linear time dependence for n=7-15, demonstrates the possibility to determine high-quality field models from only 2 years of Swarm data, thanks to the unique constellation aspect of Swarm. To account for the magnetic signature caused by ionospheric electric currents at polar latitudes we co-estimate, together with the model of the core, lithospheric and large-scale magnetospheric fields, a magnetic potential that depends on quasi-dipole latitude and magnetic local time.

  5. Predictive factors of non-deterioration of glucose tolerance following a 2-year behavioral intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almeida-Pititto Bianca

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Aim To identify predictive factors associated with non-deterioration of glucose metabolism following a 2-year behavioral intervention in Japanese-Brazilians. Methods 295 adults (59.7% women without diabetes completed 2-year intervention program. Characteristics of those who maintained/improved glucose tolerance status (non-progressors were compared with those who worsened (progressors after the intervention. In logistic regression analysis, the condition of non-progressor was used as dependent variable. Results Baseline characteristics of non-progressors (71.7% and progressors were similar, except for the former being younger and having higher frequency of disturbed glucose tolerance and lower C-reactive protein (CRP. In logistic regression, non-deterioration of glucose metabolism was associated with disturbed glucose tolerance - impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance - (p Conclusion The whole sample presented a homogeneous behavior during the intervention. Lower CRP levels and diagnosis of glucose intolerance at baseline were predictors of non-deterioration of the glucose metabolism after a relatively simple intervention, independent of body adiposity.

  6. Endoscopic Division of Duodenal Web Causing Near Obstruction in 2-Year-Old with Trisomy 21.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Lauren S Y; Kastenberg, Zachary; Sinclair, Tiffany; Chao, Stephanie; Wall, James K

    2016-05-01

    Surgical intervention for duodenal atresia most commonly entails duodenoduodenostomy in the neonatal period. Occasionally, type I duodenal atresia with incomplete obstruction may go undiagnosed until later in life. Endoscopic approach to dividing intestinal webs has been reported as successful in patients as young as 7 days of age, and can be a useful modality particularly in patients with comorbidities who may not tolerate open or laparoscopic surgery. A 2-year-old female with a history of trisomy 21 and tetralogy of Fallot underwent laparoscopic and endoscopic exploration of intestinal obstruction as seen on upper gastrointestinal series for symptoms of recurrent emesis and weight loss. After laparoscopy confirmed a duodenal web as the cause of intestinal obstruction, endoscopic division of the membrane was carried out with a triangle tip electrocautery knife and 15 mm radially dilating balloon. The patient tolerated the procedure well, and also tolerated full age-appropriate diet by time of discharge on postoperative day 2. She remains asymptomatic as of 6 months postoperatively. This report describes a successful endoscopic approach for definitive treatment of a duodenal web in a 2-year-old girl with trisomy 21, and laparoscopy confirmed no intraabdominal obstructive process or complication from endoscopy. Endoscopy enables minimal recovery time and suggests an improved method of duodenal web division over pure surgical intervention.

  7. Breastfeeding and complementary feeding of children up to 2 years of age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Kenneth H

    2007-01-01

    Appropriate breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices are fundamental to children's nutrition, health, and survival during the first 2 years of life. The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding until 6 months of age and continued breastfeeding for at least 2 years, along with the timely introduction of adequate amounts of complementary foods of suitable nutritional and microbiological quality. The amounts of energy and micronutrients required from complementary foods have been estimated as the difference between the total physiological requirements of these food components and the amounts transferred to the child in breast milk. Recommendations for the energy density of complementary foods and their frequency of feeding have also been proposed. Intakes of several micronutrients, including iron, zinc, calcium, selected B vitamins and (in some settings) vitamin A, remain problematic because commonly available, low-cost foods contain inadequate amounts of these nutrients to provide the shortfall in breast milk. Alternative strategies to provide these nutrients include adding animal source foods to the diet, providing fortified, processed complementary foods, administering micronutrient supplements, or offering some combination of these approaches. Advantages, disadvantages, and possible risks of these different strategies are discussed.

  8. Irrigation effects on diameter growth of 2-year-old Paulownia tomentosa saplings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Javad Eshaghi Rad; Seyed Rostam Mousavi Mirkala

    2015-01-01

    Species of Paulownia are fast-growing trees that are planted in many countries in green spaces and agroforestry systems. We studied the influence of irrigation on the diameter growth of 2-year-old Paulownia tomentosa saplings planted in 3 m × 3 m grids at Nazlou Campus of Urmia University, Iran. Completely randomized experi-mental design was used with four irrigation amount, viz. 10, 15, 20 and 25 L, and three irrigation intervals, viz. 3-and 6-days, in 8 replications. During the growth season, we measured collar diameters of all saplings at the end of each month. Diameter growth declined with reduced irrigation amount and increased irrigation interval. The lowest average diameter growth (9 mm) was recorded for 10 L water at 6-day intervals and maximum average diameter growth (28.7 mm) was recorded for 25 L volume at 3-day intervals. The latter treatment resulted in significantly greater diameter growth than any other treatment (except 20 L at 3-day intervals). More than 80% of diameter growth was achieved in the first 3 months. Therefore, it is essential to irrigate with 25 L of water at 3-day intervals during the first three growth months to achieve maximum diameter growth for 2-year-old P. tomentosa saplings.

  9. Preprosthetic mandibular vestibuloplasty with split-skin graft. A 2-year follow-up study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillerup, S

    1987-06-01

    17 patients with lower denture malfunction problems related to insufficient residual ridges had a vestibuloplasty with split-skin graft performed in the mandible under local analgesia on an out-patient basis. The patients were followed-up for 2 years and records of vestibular extension showed a maximum of relapse at the 1-month control (24%). Most of the lost extension was regained at the 6-month check, and the 2-year outcome was 92% of the surgically-created vestibular sulcus extension as a mean value of records obtained at the midline and canine regions. A comparison with a previous study on buccal mucosal graft vestibuloplasty led to the conclusion that free grafts of skin and buccal mucosa prevent a relapse equally well under the same circumstances. 13 patients were satisfied with the improvement achieved, 3 reported fair, and 1 was dissatisfied with the result of the operation. The split-skin graft underwent a change of appearance in 5 cases interpreted as a skin graft candidosis. Indication of this condition accelerating the residual ridge resorption is discussed.

  10. Contrastive voicing acquisition in 2-year-old children: Preliminary data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hitchcock, Elaine R.; Koenig, Laura L.

    2004-05-01

    Earlier studies using voice-onset time (VOT) as the acoustic marker of contrastive voicing acquisition in English have differed widely in method and statistical procedures. Research in this area has shown three primary patterns of voicing acquisition for English stop consonants. One report indicates children demonstrate discrete voicing categories with adult-like VOT values as early as 2 years old. Other reports suggest a subperceptual distinction of the voicing contrast, followed by an exaggerated voicing contrast with evidence of more adult-like discrete categories by 3 years old. Still other reports suggest no distinction between the voicing categories until approximately 3 years. This work investigates voicing acquisition in three typically developing, English-speaking 2-year-old children. The subjects were recorded every 2 weeks for 4-6 months. Approximately 15-20 tokens were elicited for four target utterances containing initial /b p t d/. Frequency distribution, measures of central tendency, and skewness will be calculated for every recording session of each child. Discussion will focus on the development of contrastive VOT categories and their stability over time. These data will contribute to our understanding of laryngeal timing for English stop consonants in young children.

  11. CHANGES IN REGIONAL BRAIN ACTIVATION RELATED TO DEPRESSIVE STATE: A 2-YEAR LONGITUDINAL FUNCTIONAL MRI STUDY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Opmeer, Esther M; Kortekaas, Rudie; van Tol, Marie-José; Renken, Remco J; Demenescu, Liliana R; Woudstra, Saskia; Ter Horst, Gert J; van Buchem, Mark A; van der Wee, Nic J A; Veltman, Dick J; Aleman, André

    2016-01-01

    Abnormal brain activations during processing of emotional facial expressions in depressed patients have been demonstrated. We investigated the natural course of brain activation in response to emotional faces in depression, indexed by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans preceding and following change in depressive state. We hypothesized a decrease in activation in the amygdala, anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), and insula with a decrease in depressive pathology. A 2-year longitudinal fMRI study was conducted as part of the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety. We included 32 healthy controls and 49 depressed patients. During the second scan, 27 patients were in remission (remitters), the other 22 were not (nonremitters). All participants viewed faces with emotional expressions during scanning. Rostral ACC activation during processing of happy faces was predictive of a decrease in depressive state (PFWE = .003). In addition, remitters showed decreased activation of the insula over time (PFWE = .016), specifically during happy faces. Nonremitters displayed increased abnormalities in emotion recognition circuitry during the second scan compared to the first. No effect of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor use was observed. Our results demonstrate that rostral ACC activation may predict changes in depressive state even at 2-year outcome. The association between change in depressed state and change in insula activation provides further evidence for the role of the insula in a network maintaining emotional and motivational states. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. The role of isotropic diffusion MRI in children under 2 years of age

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gelal, F.M.; Grant, P.E.; Fischbein, N.J.; Henry, R.G.; Vigneron, D.B.; Barkovich, A.J. [Dept. of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, CA (United States)

    2001-06-01

    Our objective was to determine the contribution of diffusion MR imaging to standard MR imaging in the neuroradiological evaluation of children less than 2 years of age. Echo-planar diffusion MR imaging was added to standard MR exams in 75 consecutive patients under the age of 2 years. Single-shot echo-planar spin-echo T2 weighted images (EPSE-T2) were acquired. Isotropic diffusion-weighted images (DWI), attenuation coefficient maps (ACM), and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps were calculated offline from images obtained with diffusion gradients (b=1000 s/mm{sup 2}) in three orthogonal directions. Two neuroradiologists determined if EPSE-T2, DWI, or ACM contributed new information to spin-echo proton density (SE PD) and T2 studies. In 15 of 18 abnormalities detected in 8 patients with symptoms less than 1 week in duration, DWI and/or ACM added information to SE PD and T2. Diffusion sequences detected five new lesions, showed six lesions with greater conspicuity, and identified four lesions with different diffusion character. In patients with symptoms of more than 7 days duration, diffusion studies added no information. Isotropic diffusion MR contributed to lesion detection and characterization in infants when symptoms were less than 1 week in duration. Diffusion MR is useful in patients with leukodystrophies, metabolic disorders, and patients with acute ischemic lesions. (orig.)

  13. Posthumous organ donation beliefs of college students: A qualitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongxia Liu

    2015-06-01

    Conclusion: Despite positive attitudes towards posthumous organ donation, college students are hesitant to become donors because of lack of knowledge/publicity; cultural disdain; and lack of governmental assurance.

  14. Funding and Control: Critical Choices for Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, J. Richard

    1977-01-01

    Competition for public revenues will force colleges to establish priorities regarding social roles, curriculum, students, kinds of community service, tuition, and financial policies. Struggle to control policy by faculty, administration, local and state agencies is discussed. (RT)

  15. THE CARE AND FEEDING OF THE COMMUNITY JUNIOR COLLEGE, PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL JUNIOR COLLEGE ADMINISTRATIVE TEAMS INSTITUTE (7TH, DAYTONA BEACH, AUGUST 13-15, 1967).

    Science.gov (United States)

    WIEGMAN, ROBERT R.

    THIS CONFERENCE WAS ORGANIZED AROUND A 2-PART THEME, CONSISTING OF (1) THE JUNIOR COLLEGE'S COMMUNITY AND PUBLIC RELATIONS AND (2) SUPPORT FOR INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT, WITH EMPHASIS ON PRIVATE SOURCES OF FUNDS. SPECIFIC TOPICS INCLUDED PUBLICITY, THE IMAGE OF THE COLLEGE IN PRINT, COMMUNITY RELATIONS, THE MACHINERY FOR DEVELOPMENT, GIFTS, AND…

  16. Privatization: The Challenge Ahead for Public Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeAngelo, Linda

    This paper discusses privatization of public higher education, noting that some form of it exists on almost every college campus and that it is part of the wider movement toward less government. Four models of privatization are defined: public production with public finance; public production with private finance; private production with public…

  17. Short-Term Evaluation of a Web-Based College Alcohol Misuse and Harm Prevention Course (College Alc)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paschal, Mallie J.; Bersamin, Melina; Fearnow-Kenney, Melodie; Wyrick, David; Currey, David

    2006-01-01

    This study examined the short-term effects of a web-based alcohol misuse and harm prevention course (College Alc) among incoming freshmen at a California public university. Analysis results indicated that at the end of the fall semester, students randomly assigned to College Alc (n = 173) had a higher level of alcohol-related knowledge and less…

  18. 41 CFR 302-2.10 - Does the 2-year time period in § 302-2.8 include time that I cannot travel and/or transport my...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Does the 2-year time period in § 302-2.8 include time that I cannot travel and/or transport my household effects due to... time that I cannot travel and/or transport my household effects due to shipping restrictions to or from...

  19. Public lighting.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreuder, D.A.

    1986-01-01

    The function of public lighting and the relationship between public lighting and accidents are considered briefly as aspects of effective countermeasures. Research needs and recent developments in installation and operational described. Public lighting is an efficient accident countermeasure, but

  20. What College and University Websites Reveal about the Purposes of Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saichaie, Kem; Morphew, Christopher C.

    2014-01-01

    College and university websites play an important role in the college search process. This study examines the textual and visual elements on the websites of 12 colleges and universities. Findings suggest that websites communicate a message consistent with private purposes of education and inconsistent with those linked to public purposes.

  1. Assessment of College and University Campus Tobacco-Free Policies in North Carolina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Joseph G. L.; Goldstein, Adam O.; Klein, Elizabeth G.; Ranney, Leah M.; Carver, Ashlea M.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To develop a reliable and efficient method for assessing prevalence and strength of college/university tobacco-related policies. Participants: North Carolina (NC) public universities, community colleges, and private colleges/universities (N = 110). Methods: A census of policies using campus handbooks and Web sites was conducted in March…

  2. High School Drinker Typologies Predict Alcohol Involvement and Psychosocial Adjustment during Acclimation to College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hersh, Matthew A.; Hussong, Andrea M.

    2006-01-01

    This study examined differences among distinct types of high school drinkers on their alcohol involvement and psychosocial adjustment during the first semester of college. Participants were 147 college freshmen (66% female; 86% Caucasian) from a large Southeastern public university who reported on high school drinking and college stress, affect,…

  3. Generativity in College Students: Comparing and Explaining the Impact of Mentoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hastings, Lindsay J.; Griesen, James V.; Hoover, Richard E.; Creswell, John W.; Dlugosh, Larry L.

    2015-01-01

    Preparing college students to be active contributors to the next generation is an important function of higher education. This assumption about generativity forms a cornerstone in this mixed methods study that examined generativity levels among 273 college students at a 4-year public university. MANCOVA results indicated that college students who…

  4. Making College Possible for Low-Income Students: Grant and Scholarship Aid in California. Technical Appendices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Hans

    2014-01-01

    Improving college access and completion is vital to California's economic well-being. Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC) projections show that the state will need one million more college graduates with a bachelor's degree by 2025 in order to satisfy labor force demand. As the costs of attending college have grown, grant and scholarship…

  5. Generativity in College Students: Comparing and Explaining the Impact of Mentoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hastings, Lindsay J.; Griesen, James V.; Hoover, Richard E.; Creswell, John W.; Dlugosh, Larry L.

    2015-01-01

    Preparing college students to be active contributors to the next generation is an important function of higher education. This assumption about generativity forms a cornerstone in this mixed methods study that examined generativity levels among 273 college students at a 4-year public university. MANCOVA results indicated that college students who…

  6. Impact of Organizational Climate on Performance of College Teachers in Punjab

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raza, Syed Ahmad

    2010-01-01

    The study aimed to determine the impact of organizational climate on performance of college teachers. The researcher selected the area of college education as the focus of the study. The study was delimited to all the public sector degree colleges of Punjab. Population of this study consisted of all the principals and teachers working in public…

  7. The Engaged Community College: Supporting the Institutionalization of Engagement through Collaborative Action Inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purcell, Jennifer W.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this action research study was to explore how community colleges increase their capacity for community engagement. Faculty and staff members who were identified as community engagement leaders within a public community college participated in a series of interventions to improve community engagement practices within the college. The…

  8. Are Plush Dorms and Fancy Food Plans Important Drivers of College Cost?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Archibald, Robert B.; Feldman, David H.

    2011-01-01

    Like most schools, College of William and Mary is not shy about touting its amenities. The Webpage that advertises the college's housing and dining options begins with, "Wireless and Starbucks? Thomas Jefferson never had it this good." Advertising of this sort is a double-edged public-relations sword. Colleges and universities clearly want to…

  9. The Role of Positive Alcohol Expectancies in Underage Binge Drinking among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBride, Nicole M.; Barrett, Blake; Moore, Kathleen A.; Schonfeld, Lawrence

    2014-01-01

    Objective: This study explored associations between positive alcohol expectancies, and demographics, as well as academic status and binge drinking among underage college students. Participants: A sample of 1,553 underage college students at 3 public universities and 1 college in the Southeast who completed the Core Alcohol and Drug Survey in the…

  10. The Ties That Bind: Understanding the "Relationships" in Community College Alumni Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wells, Twyla Casey

    2015-01-01

    Community colleges continue to be challenged to achieve the same level of philanthropic support as private and public colleges and universities. While nearly 50 percent of all undergraduates are educated at community colleges, only two percent of the nearly $8 billion donated annually by higher education alumni is contributed to community colleges…

  11. Impact of Organizational Climate on Performance of College Teachers in Punjab

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raza, Syed Ahmad

    2010-01-01

    The study aimed to determine the impact of organizational climate on performance of college teachers. The researcher selected the area of college education as the focus of the study. The study was delimited to all the public sector degree colleges of Punjab. Population of this study consisted of all the principals and teachers working in public…

  12. The College and Career Readiness Act: Findings from Evaluation--Year One. In Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Sadya; Castro, Erin; Bragg, Debra D.; Barrientos, Jessica I.; Baber, Lorenzo

    2009-01-01

    Rising remediation rates among college students are leading to increased time for completion of degree, additional costs for students and colleges, and financial aid being used on courses that do not count towards a degree. In response to these issues, in 2007 the state of Illinois passed the College and Career Readiness Act (CCR Act), Public Act…

  13. The Illinois College and Career Readiness Act: Year-One Evaluation Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baber, Lorenzo DuBois; Barrientos, Jessica I.; Bragg, Debra D.; Castro, Erin; Khan, Sadya

    2009-01-01

    Rising remediation rates among college students are leading to increased time for completion of degree, additional costs for students and colleges, and financial aid being used on courses that do not count towards a degree. In response to these issues, in 2007 the state of Illinois passed the College and Career Readiness Act, Public Act 095-0694,…

  14. Exploring Outcomes and Initial Self-Report of Client Motivation in a College Counseling Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilagan, Guy; Vinson, Michael L.; Sharp, Julia L.; Ilagan, Jill; Oberman, Aaron

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To explore the association between college counseling center clients' initial self-report of motivation and counseling outcome. Participants: The sample was composed of 331 student clients who utilized a college counseling center from August 2007 to August 2009. The college is a public, mid-size, urban university in the Southeast.…

  15. The Role of Positive Alcohol Expectancies in Underage Binge Drinking among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBride, Nicole M.; Barrett, Blake; Moore, Kathleen A.; Schonfeld, Lawrence

    2014-01-01

    Objective: This study explored associations between positive alcohol expectancies, and demographics, as well as academic status and binge drinking among underage college students. Participants: A sample of 1,553 underage college students at 3 public universities and 1 college in the Southeast who completed the Core Alcohol and Drug Survey in the…

  16. 论因特网与公安网条件下公安院校教育信息资源共享%Discussion on Internet and Education Information Resources Sharing in Public Security Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋波

    2014-01-01

    Realizing the public security education information resources sharing is a formidable task .On how public security education uses the advanced Internet and public security network to realize public security education information resource sharing issues ,this paper has made preliminary discus-sions .%实现公安教育信息资源共享是一项艰巨的任务。文章就公安教育如何利用发达的互联网和公安网,实现公安教育信息资源共享问题,进行了初步探讨。

  17. FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION CYTOLOGY OF BREAST LUMPS WITH CLINICAL AND HISTOPATHOLOGICAL CORRELATION: A 2 YEAR STUDY IN GWALIOR, INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jyoti Priyadarshini

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND : Breast Lump is the commonest presenting symptom in various types of Breast lesions ranging from inflammation to carcinoma . Some lesions are common in young females while others in elderly age group. Early presentation and prompt diagnosis is essential to relieve anxiety of non - neoplastic conditions, and in case of carcinoma, it can save the patient from metastases. Breast ca rcinoma is the most common malignant tumour and the leading cause of death from cancer in women. Now - a - days, FNAC is being performed as a pre - operative test to evaluate breast lump. FNAC is simple OPD procedure, safe, economical and reliable. AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this hospital based study was to find out the prevalence and pattern of breast lumps in female and male patients in Greater Gwalior region. METHOD S : A total of 500 patients presenting with lump in Cytopathology section of D epartment of Pathology, G. R. Medical College were included. The study was done over a period of 2 years from 1 st Oct. 2012 to 30 th Sept. 2014 . History and Clinical findings were recorded. Patients with palpable lump were only included in the study. Fine n eedle aspiration was done. MGG stained slides were examined by cytopathologist. Histopathology was done in suspicious cases. RESULTS: Out of 500 cases , 360 cases (74% were benign, 20% malignant and 6% Inflammatory . Fibroadenoma was the commonest diagnosis with 57% of total cases, 50 cases (09% Fibroadenosis , 5 cases (1% lactating adenoma, 5 cases (1% Atypical Ductal Hyperplasia and 1% cases of Duct Papilloma were reported. 80% Breast lumps were benign. 20% (100 cases of Ductal Cell carcinoma including a case of medullary carcinoma and Apocrine carcinoma each. Amongst the patients with lump, benign to malignant disease ratio was 4:1 . CONCLUSION: FNAC serves as a rapid, economical, and reliable tool for the diagnosis of palpable breast lesions because the cytopathological examination of these

  18. Prevention of meningococcal infections in the first 2 years of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woods, Charles R

    2013-08-01

    The spectrum of disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis includes bacteremia, fulminant sepsis (meningococcemia), meningitis, and pneumonia. The incidence of meningococcal infection has long been higher in infancy than adolescents or adults older than 65 years (a third group with an increased risk based on age). Five meningococcal serogroups (A, B, C, Y, and W135) cause the great majority of human disease. Serogroup B strains cause about two-thirds of disease in children younger than 6 years. For this reason, new meningococcal vaccine formulations have been developed and evaluated in children younger than 2 years. Of four meningococcal vaccines currently licensed in the United States, two conjugate products, (MenACWY-D [Menactra], Sanofi Pasteur; HibMenCY-TT [MenHibrix], GlaxoSmithKline), are recommended for infants and toddlers younger than 2 years who have an increased risk for invasive meningococcal disease. High-risk conditions are complement deficiencies, community outbreaks, functional or anatomic asplenia, and travel to high-risk areas in which serogroup A infection is prevalent. Recommendations vary by age, dosing, and indication between these two products. Both licensed products are immunogenic and have side-effect profiles that are considered safe for use. In most cases, concomitant use with other recommended childhood vaccines does not interfere with responses to these vaccines. As of yet, there has not been universal adoption of this immunization in the infant population by parents or providers. Factors that weigh against the implementation of a national routine infant program include the prevention of only 40 to 50 meningococcal cases, two to four deaths per year, and a relatively low case fatality among infants. Some argue that costs should not be considered a barrier because infant deaths and morbidity would be prevented. The availability of a serogroup B vaccine would improve impact and cost-effectiveness of a routine infant meningococcal vaccine

  19. Evaluation of 2-year-old intrasplenic fetal liver tissue transplants in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lupp, Amelie; Danz, Manfred; Müller, Dieter

    2003-01-01

    Liver cell transplantation into host organs like the spleen may possibly provide a temporary relief after extensive liver resection or severe liver disease or may enable treatment of an enzyme deficiency. With time, however, dedifferentiation or malignant transformation of the ectopically transplanted cells may be possible. Thus, in the present study syngenic fetal liver tissue suspensions were transplanted into the spleen of adult male rats and evaluated 2 years thereafter in comparison to orthotopic livers for histopathological changes and (as markers for preneoplastic transformation) for cytochrome P450 (P450) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) isoform expression. Because inducibility of P450 and GST isoforms may be changed in preneoplastic foci, prior to sacrifice animals were additionally treated either with beta-naphthoflavone, phenobarbital, dexamethasone, or the respective solvent. In the 2-year-old grafts more than 70% of the spleen mass was occupied by the transplant. The transplanted hepatocytes were arranged in cord-like structures. Also few bile ducts were present. Morphologically, no signs of malignancy were visible. With all rats, transplant recipients as well as controls, however, discrete nodular structures were seen in the livers. Due to age, both livers and transplants displayed only a low P450 2B1 and 3A2 and GST class alpha and mu isoform expression. No immunostaining for P450 1A1 was visible. At both sites, beta-naphthoflavone, phenobarbital, or dexamethasone treatment enhanced P450 1A1, P450 2B1 and 3A2, or P450 3A2 expression, respectively. No immunostaining for GST class pi isoforms was seen in the transplants. The livers of both transplant recipients and control rats, however, displayed GST pi-positive foci, corresponding to the nodular structures seen histomorphologically. Compared to the surrounding tissue, these foci also exhibited a more pronounced staining for GST class alpha and mu isoforms and a stronger inducibility of the P450 1A

  20. CLEP college mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Friedman, Mel

    2012-01-01

    Earn College Credit with REA's Test Prep for CLEP* College Mathematics Everything you need to pass the exam and get the college credit you deserve.CLEP* is the most popular credit-by-examination program in the country, accepted by more than 2,900 colleges and universities. For over 15 years, REA has helped students pass the CLEP* exam and earn college credit while reducing their tuition costs. Our test prep for CLEP* College Mathematics and the free online tools that come with it, allow you to create a personalized CLEP* study plan that can be customized to fit you: your schedule, your lea