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Sample records for programma rascheta raboty

  1. Programma Wettelijke Onderzoek Taken Visserijonderzoek DLO-programma 406

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beek, van F.A.

    2004-01-01

    In het DLO-programma 406: “Wettelijke Onderzoek Taken Visserijonderzoek” worden een aantal taken uitgevoerd die betrekking hebben op de visserij. Het programma omvat een aantal uiteenlopende onderzoeksonderwerpen, met als belangrijkste gezamenlijk element “een vereist zijn op grond van enigerlei

  2. Programma Wettelijke Onderzoek Taken Visserijonderzoek DLO-programma 406 werkplan 2004

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beek, van F.A.

    2003-01-01

    In het DLO-programma 406: “Wettelijke Onderzoek Taken Visserijonderzoek” worden een aantal taken uitgevoerd die betrekking hebben op de visserij. Het programma omvat een aantal uiteenlopende on-derzoeksonderwerpen, met als belangrijkste gezamenlijk element “een vereist zijn op grond van eni-gerlei

  3. Uitvoering Kennisbasis Wettelijke Onderzoeks Taken programma 406 in 2006

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grift, R.E.; Beek, van F.A.

    2006-01-01

    LNV programma 406 omvat de wettelijke taken die door DLO uitgevoerd worden en betrekking hebben op de visserij. Binnen dit programma is er een Kennisbasis budget dat bedoeld is voor het ontwikkelen en onderhouden van expertise om dit programma uit te kunnen voeren. Dit rapport beschrijft hoe het

  4. Rapportage Kennisbasis Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken: programma 406 in 2005

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grift, R.E.; Beek, van F.A.

    2006-01-01

    Ten behoeve van het WOT programma 406 (Wettelijke Taken Visserijonderzoek) is financiering uit de zogenaamde Kennisbasis beschikbaar voor het ontwikkelen van kennis nodig voor het uitvoeren van de wettelijke taken in dit programma. Het Kennisbasis programma moet in een kennisbehoefte voor het

  5. DLO-programma 406: Wettelijke Onderzoek Taken Visserijonderzoek Voortgangsrapportage over 2005

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beek, van F.A.

    2006-01-01

    In het WOT-programma 406 worden Wettelijke Onderzoeks Taken uitgevoerd die betrekking hebben op het beheer van de visserij en aquacultuur in Nederland. Het programma wordt uitgevoerd voor het Ministerie van Landbouw, Natuur en Voedselkwaliteit (LNV). De inhoud van het programma is in 2004 bij de

  6. Lojalitātes programmas mazumtirdzniecībā.

    OpenAIRE

    Magone, Laura

    2014-01-01

    Bakalaura darba mērķis ir izpētīt klientu lojalitātes būtību un veidošanos, izmantojot mārketinga literatūrā piedāvātās koncepcijas, izpētīt mazumtirdzniecību lojalitātes programmas, salīdzināt uzņēmumu Prisma, Rimi un Maxima lojalitātes programmas un izstrādāt priekšlikumus kā uzlabot to darbību. Bakalaura darbs sastāv no trijām daļām. Pirmajā nodaļā ir raksturota un analizēta lojalitāte mārketinga teorijā. Otrajā nodaļā ir analizētas lojalitātes programmas kā mārketinga instruments. Tre...

  7. Voortgangsrapportage van het WOT programma 406: Wettelijke Onderzoek Taken Visserijonderzoek voor LNV in 2004

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beek, van F.A.

    2005-01-01

    Voortgangsrapportage van het WOT programma 406, Wettelijke Onderzoek Taken Visserijonderzoek van LNV in 2004. In het WOT-programma 406 worden Wettelijke Onderzoeks Taken uitgevoerd die betrekking hebben op het visserijonderzoek. Dit rapport bevat de rapportage en verantwoording van de activiteiten

  8. DLO-programma 406 : Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken voor LNV, visserijonderzoek : voortgangsrapportage over 2006

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beek, van F.A.

    2007-01-01

    In het WOT-programma 406 worden Wettelijke Onderzoeks Taken uitgevoerd die betrekking hebben op het beheer van de visserij en aquacultuur in Nederland. Het programma wordt uitgevoerd voor het Ministerie van Landbouw, Natuur en Voedselkwaliteit (LNV). Dit rapport bevat de rapportage en verantwoording

  9. Veikala lojalitātes programmas iOS lietotne

    OpenAIRE

    Freibergs, Kristaps

    2013-01-01

    Pasaulē izmantoto tehnoloģiju klāstam augot, ir pieaudzis arī mobilo ierīču piedāvājums un to iespējas. Salīdzinoši lielu daļu tirgus ir iekarojusi Apple Inc. ar savu produkciju, tai skaitā iPhone viedtālruņiem. Šajā kvalifikācijas darbā tiek aprakstīta un izstrādāta iPhone ierīces lietotne veikala lojalitātes programmas realizācijai. Lietotnes mērķis ir popularizēt konkrēto veikalu, piedāvājot dažādas lietotājam saistošas funkcijas, tai skaitā, apskatīt tuvākos veikalus, izveidot iepirkumu g...

  10. Microfinanza: analisi d’impatto di un programma in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tommaso Rondinella

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available L’analisi d’impatto dei programmi di microfinanza è uno strumento utile sia per migliorare i servizi offerti sia per garantire ai donatori che il denaro concesso sia utilizzato per programmi efficaci nell’alleviare la povertà. Il presente lavoro è costituito da due parti: la prima è dedicata all’analisi d’impatto, la seconda all’analisi empirica sul campo. L’indagine è stata condotta attraverso l’utilizzo di uno strumento in grado di dare una indicazione chiara dei cambiamenti avvenuti nelle condizioni di vita dei beneficiari e con il pregio di essere applicabile a costi molto ridotti. I risultati ottenuti mostrano in che misura l’accesso al credito cambi le condizioni di vita dei più poveri inducendo consistenti aumenti del reddito familiare, dei risparmi, della diversificazione delle attività produttive e del consumo di cibo. Inoltre si osserva, all’interno dei nuclei familiari, un miglioramento della condizione femminile chiaramente dipendente dalla partecipazione al programma di microcredito

  11. Voortgangsrapportage van het WOT programma 406: Wettelijke Onderzoek Taken Visserijonderzoek voor LNV in 2002

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beek, van F.A.

    2003-01-01

    Dit is de eerste jaarrapportage van WOT-programma 406. Het onderzoeksprogramma WOT 406 loopt gedurende de periode 2002-2005 en is de opvolger van WDT programma’s 212 en 339. Dit rapport bevat de rapportage en verantwoording van de activiteiten in 2002.

  12. Voortgangsrapportage van het WOT programma 406: Wettelijke Onderzoek Taken Visserijonderzoek voor LNV in 2003

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beek, van F.A.

    2004-01-01

    Het WOT-programma 406 heeft betrekking op Wettelijke Onderzoeks Taken die betrekking hebben op het visserijonderzoek. Het onderzoeksprogramma WOT 406 loopt gedurende de periode 2002-2005 en is een voortzetting van WDT programma’s 212 en 339. Dit rapport bevat de rapportage en verantwoording van de

  13. Studiju programmas direktora informatīvā sistēma

    OpenAIRE

    Gūtmanis, Matīss

    2012-01-01

    Šajā kvalifikācijas darbā tiek izstrādāta atbalsta sistēma studiju programmas direktoram pamata informācijas glabāšanai. Sistēma tiek plānota kā tīmekļa lietotne, kas ir brīvi pieejama ikvienam. Lietotne ir izstrādāta izmantojot JAVA, HTML, JavaScript, MySQL tehnoloģijas. Sistēma paredzēta Latvijas Universitātes Datorikas Fakultātes programmu direktoriem.

  14. Program management for air quality projects; Programma's geven lucht voor projecten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Busscher, T.; Tillema, T.; Arts, J. [Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands)

    2011-04-15

    The Dutch Air Quality Collaboration program (NSL) is introducing a new approach to complex issues. This programmatic approach may offer a solution, but is still relatively new in spatial policymaking. What can we learn about the success and failure aspects of programs from the approach at NSL?. [Dutch] Het Nationaal Samenwerkingsprogramma Luchtkwaliteit (NSL) introduceert een nieuwe aanpak voor complexe problemen. Deze programmatische aanpak kan hiervoor een oplossing zijn, maar is relatief nieuw in de ruimtelijke beleidspraktijk. Wat leert de aanpak bij het NSL ons over succes- en faalfactoren van programma's?.

  15. (CRA)Ervaringen met een terugvalpreventie programma gecombineerd met naltrexon bij opiaatafhankelijken: effect op verslavingsgedrag en predictieve waarde van psychiatrische comorbiditeit

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roozen, H.G.

    2000-01-01

    achtergrond Naltrexon, een opiaatantagonist, raakt steeds meer in de belangstelling bij de behandeling van verslaafden aan opiaatpreparaten. De effecten van dit medicijn lijken het best te beklijven wanneer het als adjuvans bij een psychosociaal programma wordt voorgeschreven, zoals in een

  16. Analisi dell'efficacia di un programma di prevenzione secondaria del carcinoma orale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Iannazzo

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available

    In Italia i carcinomi del cavo orale (KCO sono diagnosticati
    prevalentemente al II-IV stadio TNM con conseguenti basse sopravvivenza a 5 anni e qualità della vita. Una maggior frequenza di diagnosi allo stadio I porterebbe a migliorare ampiamente i valori medi dei suddetti parametri.
    Scopo del presente lavoro è stato valutare l’efficacia di un programma di prevenzione secondaria del KCO in termini di aumento di diagnosi allo stadio I e di vite salvate.

    Abbiamo stimato la prevalenza di casi istopatologicamente
    accertati (livello C3 di leucoplachia, principale lesione precancerosa del KCO, nella ASL/RMA come prodotto tra la prevalenza stimata di leucoplachia diagnosticata clinicamente (livello C2 (2989,2Ĩ13077,7 e la proporzione, scelta arbitrariamente, di C3 tra i C2 (0,50.

    Tenendo presente che nel campione studiato nella ASL/RMA la proporzione di KCO allo stadio I tra i C3 era 0,03, abbiamo stimato il numero di KCO.

    Abbiamo stimato quanti KCO verrebbero diagnosticati allo stadio I se venisse attuato un programma di prevenzione secondaria, considerando diversi livelli di compliance, e sulla base di una sopravvivenza media a 5 anni, in Italia, del 53% per tutti gli stadi e del 79% per i KCO allo stadio I, abbiamo calcolato il numero di vite salvate. I valori sono stati espressi come IC95.

    Le prevalenze di leucoplachia C3 e KCO sono risultate,
    rispettivamente, 1494,6Ĩ6538,8 e 44,8Ĩ196,2. Con compliance del 10%, 40% e 75% verrebbero diagnosticati, rispettivamente, 4,5Ĩ19,6, 17,9Ĩ78,5 e 33,6Ĩ147,2 casi di KCO e le vite salvate sarebbero 1,1Ĩ5,1, 4,6Ĩ20,4 e 8,7Ĩ38,3 rispettivamente.
    In termini di vite salvate i dati evidenziano la necessita di attuare programmi di screening del KCO, anche nell' eventualità di uno scarso coinvolgimento della popolazione a rischio.

  17. The Technical Training Programme for Nuclear Power Station Personnel; Programme de formation technique du personnel des centrales nucleaires; Programma tekhnicheskoj podgotovki personala yadernoj ehlektrostantsii; El programa de formacion tecnica del personal de una central nucleoelectrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Howey, G. R. [Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

    1963-10-15

    ehnerdzhi of Kanada limited'', ehkspluatiruetsya i obsluzhivaetsya personalom Gidroehnergeticheskoj komissii Ontario, ona yavlyaetsya mestnym kommunal'nym predpriyatiem. Trudnost' v nabore i obuchenii personala stantsii zaklyuchalas' v tom, chto do nedavnego vremeni osnovnye potrebnosti v ehlektrichestve Ontario obespechivalis' gidroehlektrostantsiyami. Vozrosshee ispol'zovanie teplovoj ehnergii s nachala 1950 goda privelo k ostroj nekhvatke personala, obladayushchego opytom ehkspluatatsii teplovykh ehlektrostantsij. CHtoby vyjti, iz ehtogo polozheniya, byli predprinyaty sleduyushchie shagi dlya obespecheniya obsluzhivaniya atomnykh ehlektrostantsij opytnym personalom: (1) Pervonachal'no byla otobrana gruppa professional'nykh inzhenerov iz chisla lits, obladayushchikh znachitel'nym opytom v oblasti ehkspluatatsii yadernykh ustanovok, teplovykh ehlektrostantsij i v oblasti ehlektrotekhniki voobshche; (2) Byla otobrana eshche odna gruppa operatorov i ehkspluatatsionnikov, obladayushchikh bol'shim opytom raboty; (3) Dlya otobrannykh grupp byla sostavlena strogo ustanovlennaya uchebnaya programma podgotovki, zatragivayushchaya ehkspluatatsiya kak atomnykh stantsij, tak i stantsij, rabotayushchikh na ugle. Podgotovkoj rukovodili proektirovshchiki NPD. Zanyatiya prokhodili v auditoriyakh i po mestu raboty. (4) YAdernyj uchebnyj tsentr byl sozdan dlya togo, chtoby podobrat' i obuchit' dopolnitel'nyj personal, ustroit' ofitsial'nye ehkzameny i v posleduyushchem otvechat' za uroven' podgotovki personala. Personal sdaval ehkzameny, provodimye Byuro po upravleniyu atomnoj ehnergiej, kotoroe yavlyaetsya samostoyatel'nym federal'nym agentstvom, reguliruyushchim soblyudenie ustavnykh polozhenii. Podgotavlivayutsya pyat' obshchikh kategorij personala: (1) dozimetristy - inzhenery, otvetstvennye za ehkspluatatsiyu, ukhod i za administrativno-dozimetricheskij kontrol', smenyayushchiesya periodicheski s tsel'yu povysheniya ikh mnogostoronnej kvalifikatsii; (2) operatory - chetyre urovnya

  18. ISS-NIH Collaborative Programme: final report of the projects; Programma di collaborazione ISS-NIH: relazioni conclusive dei progetti

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-07-01

    In July 2003, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) of the United States of America and the Istituto Superiore di Sanita (ISS) of Italy signed an agreement aimed at strengthening the ongoing research cooperation between USA and Italy. Over the years, the programme was able to create new partnerships and to foster the establishment of innovative synergies, the exchange of young researcher, and the merging of the best available skills, talents and know-how in different fields of biomedical sciences. This book contains the final report of the projects of the scientific cooperation between the two Countries. The report consists of two parts (in Italian and English) divided into four sections: Cancer, Neuroscience, Cardiovascular diseases, Infectious diseases. [Italian] Nel luglio 2003, i National Institutes of Health (NIH) americani e l'Istituto Superiore di Sanita (ISS) hanno firmato un accordo mirato a rafforzare la cooperazione scientifica tra Italia e USA. Nel corso degli anni il programma ha permesso di ampliare le collaborazioni e di promuovere nuove sinergie attraverso lo scambio di giovani ricercatori e la condivisione delle migliori competenze, conoscenze e capacita in diversi campi delle scienze biomediche. Questo volume contiene le relazioni finali dei progetti del programma di cooperazione scientifica tra i due Paesi. Il rapporto e articolato in due parti (in italiano e inglese) divise in quattro sezioni: Tumori, Neuroscienze, Malattie cardiovascolari, Malattie infettive.

  19. Programme Energy and CO2 and Year Plan 2013; Programma Energie en CO2 en Jaarplan 2013

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Broekharst, P.; Medema, D.; Dijkshoorn, A.

    2012-10-15

    Less energy, less CO2 emissions and use of renewable energy sources,are important aspects in the sustainable development of horticulture, strengthening its competitiveness and image. Carbon neutral production and transport is needed to really be sustainable. The program describes an approach for the period 2013-2016, giving concrete results for the year 2013 [Dutch] Minder energiegebruik, minder CO2 uitstoten en meer hernieuwbare energiebronnen inzetten; dat zijn belangrijke aspecten in een duurzame ontwikkeling van de tuinbouw, het versterken van haar concurrentiekracht en imago. Klimaatneutraal produceren en vervoeren is uiteindelijke nodig om echt duurzaam te zijn. Het programma beschrijft een aanpak voor 2013 t/m 2016, waarbij voor 2013 de gewenste resultaten concreet worden benoemd.

  20. A review of calculation methods for fast and intermediate reactors; Expose des methodes pour le calcul de reacteurs a neutrons rapides et intermediaires; Obzor metodov rascheta reaktorov na promezhutochnykh i bystrykh nejtronakh; Estudio panoramico de los metodos de calculo de los reactores rapidos e intermedios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marchuk, G I [Akademiya Nauk, Moskva, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Russian Federation)

    1962-03-15

    de ecuaciones fundamentales y conjugadas de la teoria de los multigrupos. Expone luego diversas aplicaciones de la teoria de la perturbacion a los problemas del calculo fisico del reactor. Examina los metodos numericos de resolucion de las ecuaciones fundamentales y conjugadas que expresan el funcionamiento del reactor sobre la base del metodo de los armonicos esfericos. Explica asimismo como se utiliza el metodo de las caracteristicas en la solucion de problemas relativos a la masa critica del reactor. Describe los metodos de calculo de los reactores con moderadores que contienen hidrogeno y, por fin, expone las bases de un modelo efectivo fundado en la teoria de un solo grupo, aplicable al reactor. (author) [Russian] Obsuzhdaetsya razvitie metodov rascheta yadernykh reaktorov na promezhutochnykh i bystrykh nejtronakh. Rassmatrivayuts ya razlichnye postanovki zadach fizicheskogo rascheta. Obsuzhdaetsya uchet rezonansnykh ehffektov. Vvodyatsya v rassmotrenie mnogogruppovy e sistemy 'osnovnykh i sopryazhennykh uravnenij. Daetsya razlichnoe primenenie teorii vozmushchenij k zadacham fizicheskogo rascheta reaktora. Rassmatrivayuts ya chislennye metody resheniya osnovnykh i sopryazhennykh uravnenij reaktora v priblizhenii metoda sfericheskikh garmonik. Daetsya primenenie metoda kharakteristik k resheniyu zadach na kriticheskuyu massu reaktora. Izlagayutsya metody rascheta reaktorov s vodorodsoderzhashchim i zamedlitelyami . Izlagayutsya osnovy ehffektivnoj odnogruppovoj modeli reaktora. (author)

  1. Nuclear program of Iran. Towards de-escalation of a nuclear crisis. Advisory letter; Nucleair programma van Iran. Naar de-escalatie van een nucleaire crisis. Briefadvies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-04-15

    The Dutch government, partly at the request of the House of Representatives (Second Chamber), the AIV asked to give an opinion about the position of Iran in the region and the role of the nuclear program of Iran in the geopolitical relations, in view of the most recent developments [Dutch] De Nederlandse regering heeft, mede op verzoek van de Tweede Kamer der Staten-Generaal, de AIV gevraagd advies uit te brengen over de positie van Iran in de regio en de rol van het nucleaire programma van Iran in de geopolitieke verhoudingen hierin, mede gelet op de meest recente ontwikkelingen.

  2. Programma Socialnych Issledovanii - 1999

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hamplová, Dana

    2002-01-01

    Roč. 29, č. 7 (2002), s. 78-86 ISSN 0132-1625 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA403/99/1129 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z7028912 Keywords : religion * christianity * occultism Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography Impact factor: 0.184, year: 2002

  3. Final report SmartProofS. Results of projects of the SmartProofS program; Eindrapport SmartProofS. Projectresultaten van het SmartProofS programma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Hoorik, P.; Westerga, R. [Energy Valley, Groningen (Netherlands)

    2011-05-15

    The SmartProofs program aims to develop tools which must show that the principle of a Smart Power System (SPS) works and how. An SPS can ensure that the supply and demand of electricity in the grid is balanced, even in case more decentralized energy techniques will be put into use. This final report summarizes the main results and conclusions of the SmartProofs program. As part of the SPS program attention is paid to the impacts on the girds, the effects of centralized and decentralized management, disaster resilience, pricing models, potential benefits of control and new business models [Dutch] Het SmartProofs programma heeft tot doel om een concept van een Smart Power System (SPS) te ontwikkelen waarmee kan worden aangetoond dat het principe van een SPS werkt en op welke manier. Een SPS kan zorgen dat het aanbod van elektriciteit op het net op elk moment van de dag overeenkomt met de vraag, ook als er straks veel meer decentrale energietechnieken gebruikt worden waarmee zowel de vraag als het aanbod van elektriciteit onvoorspelbaar wordt. Dit eindrapport geeft een overzicht van de belangrijkste resultaten en conclusies van het SmartProofs programma. Het programma heeft in de werkpakketten deelvraagstukken rondom SmartProofS onderzocht rondom de effecten op onze energienetten, de effecten van zowel centrale- als decentrale aansturing, disaster resilience, prijsmodellen, mogelijke baten van aansturing en nieuwe business modellen.

  4. Final report of the NIDO-programme 'Growing old in your own home'; Eindrapportage NIDO-programma 'In eigen omgeving oud worden'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kester, J.; Bakker, E.J. [ECN Duurzame Energie in de Gebouwde Omgeving DEGO, Petten (Netherlands)

    2005-01-01

    The aim of the title programme (EOW, abbreviated in Dutch) of the National Initiative Sustainable Development (NIDO, abbreviated in Dutch) was to initiate and stimulate the development of sustainable houses for elderly people with more comfort and safety and low use of energy and materials, focusing on information and communication technology applications, also know as domotics. In this report an overview is given of the EOW programme, its contents and results. [Dutch] Met het programma 'In Eigen Omgeving Oud Worden' (EOW) heeft NIDO (Nationaal Initiatief Duurzame Ontwikkeling) zich gericht op het wonen en de zorg voor ouderen. Doelstelling van het programma is om een impuls te geven aan de ontwikkeling van duurzame woningen voor ouderen, met meer comfort en veiligheid en een zo laag mogelijk energie- en materiaalgebruik. Hierbij wordt gefocust op de rol die ICT-toepassingen in en om de woning en bijbehorende diensten - ook wel 'domotica' genoemd - kunnen spelen. Het gaat om extra voorzieningen in woningen op het gebied van veiligheid, comfort en zorg. Duurzaam domotica toepassen betekent vraaggericht aanbieden, diensten combineren, veiligheid optimaliseren en extra energiegebruik in woningen beperken. Dit rapport beschrijft de opzet, de inhoud en de resultaten van dit programma.

  5. Uzņēmumu "Circle K", "Neste" un "Virši-A" lojalitātes programmas un to novērtējums

    OpenAIRE

    Stabrovska, Viktorija

    2017-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma ir „Uzņēmumu "Circle K", "Neste" un "Virši-A" lojalitātes programmas un to novērtējums”. Darba mēr is ir veikt uzņēmuma «Circle K», “Neste” un «Virši-A» komunikācijas analīzi par lojalitātes programmām un klientu vērtējumu par uzņēmumu veiktajām klientu lojalitātes veicināšanas aktivitātēm. Darbs sastāv no trīs da ām: teorētiskās, metodolo iskās un empīriskās da as. Darba teorētiskājā da ā izmantota literatūra par zīmolu, mārketingu, mārketinga kompleksu, mārketinga komun...

  6. Some Problems of Calculation and Design of High-Activity Gamma Units; Quelques aspects du calcul et de l'etablissement de projets d'installations puissantes emettrices de rayonnement gamma; Nekotorye voprosy rascheta i proektirovaniya moshchnykh gamma-ustanovok; Algunos aspectos del calculo y construccion de instalaciones de irradiacion gamma de elevada intensidad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bibergal, A V; Leshchinsky, N I; Margulis, U Ya; Khrushev, V G [Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Russian Federation)

    1960-07-15

    installations et reduisant le cout de la construction et de l'exploitation. (author) [Spanish] En este informe se indican los requisitos esenciales que deben reunir las instalaciones de irradiacion gamma destinadas a distintos usos. Se describen varios metodos para calcular campos de distintas intensidades en funcion de la forma de la fuente de cobalto-60 y cesio-137 empleada y se facilitan graficos, nomogramas y formulas que permiten determinar el valor de la dosis de rayos gamma absorbida por el objeto irradiado. Algunos de los datos calculados se han confirmado experimentalmente. Se examinan los usos mas convenientes de una serie de dispositivos de irradiacion de distintas configuraciones en instalaciones experimentales e industriales. Los autores estudian asimismo los procedimientos de irradiacion de diferentes muestras, que se aplican con el proposito de poder elegir unas condiciones de irradiacion optimas (coeficiente de aprovechamient o de la radiacion, uniformidad del campo de irradiacion, etc.), La memoria describe tambien algunos sistemas racionales de proteccion que simplifican las operaciones de irradiacion, asi como los dispositivos que permiten cambiar la carga y reducir de este modo los costos de construccion y de explotacion de las instalaciones. (author) [Russian] V doklade sformulirovan y osnovnye trebovaniya, pred{sup y}avlyaemye k gamma-ustanovkam razlichnogo naznacheniya. Provodyatsya nekotorye metody rascheta doznykh polej dlya razlichnykh form obluchatelej, a takzhe grafiki, nomogrammy i formuly, pozvolyayushchie poluchit' znacheniya pogloshchennoj dozy gamma-luchej kobal'ta-60 i tseziya-137 v obluchaemom ob{sup e}kte. Nekotorye raschetnye dannye podtverzhdayutsya ehksperimentami. Rassmatrivaets ya tselesoobraznost ' ispol'zovani ya obluchatelej razlichnykh konfiguratsij , primenyaemykh v ehksperimental'nykh i proizvodstvennykh ustanovkakh. Obsuzhdaetsya tekhnologiya oblucheniya razlichnykh ob{sup e}ktov s tsel'yu vybora optimal'nykh uslovij

  7. State Supervision of Mines. Strategy and Programme for 2012-2016; Staatstoezicht op de Mijnen. Strategie en Programma voor 2012-2016

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-11-15

    State Supervision of Mines (SodM) supervises the observance of legal regulations that apply to the search for, extraction of and storage of minerals. The SodM focuses on aspects of safety, health, environment, efficient extraction and soil movements. Every five years, the SodM draws up a strategic document. This third strategic document concerns the period 2012-2016. The report provides an overview of the realizations of the last five years. Moreover an analysis is included of the policy developments in the fields of mineral extraction, safety, health and environment. Subsequently the consequences of these developments for SodM are examined. Based on these developments an elaboration is provided of the initiatives taken by SodM and an outlook of the programme of supervision projects for the next five years. This document also includes a communication plan, which illustrates when and how SodM goes public [Dutch] Staatstoezicht op de Mijnen (SodM) houdt toezicht op de naleving van wettelijke regelingen die van toepassing zijn op het opsporen, winnen, opslaan en transporteren van delfstoffen. De dienst richt zich hierbij op de aspecten veiligheid, gezondheid, milieu, doelmatige winning en bodembewegingen. Elke vijf jaar stelt SodM een strategiedocument op. Dit derde strategiedocument betreft de periode 2012-2016. In dit rapport wordt uiteengezet wat er de afgelopen vijf jaar is gerealiseerd. Tevens wordt een analyse geboden van de beleidsontwikkelingen op het terrein van delfstofwinning, veiligheid, gezondheid en milieu. Vervolgens wordt nagegaan, wat die ontwikkelingen betekenen voor SodM. Op basis van die ontwikkelingen wordt uiteengezet welke initiatieven SodM neemt en hoe het programma van toezichtprojecten er de komende vijf jaar uitziet. In het document is tevens een communicatieplan opgenomen, waaruit blijkt wanneer en hoe SodM naar buiten treedt.

  8. State Supervision of Mines. Strategy and Programme for 2007-2011; Staatstoezicht op de Mijnen. Strategie en Programma 2007-2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-01-15

    State Supervision of Mines (SodM) supervises the observance of legal regulations that apply to the search for, extraction of and storage of minerals. The SodM focuses on aspects of safety, health, environment, efficient extraction and soil movements. Every five years, the SodM draws up a strategic document. This strategic document is a sequel to the report 'Strategic policy 2002 to 2007'. This report provides a short overview of the realizations of the last five years. Moreover an analysis is included of the policy developments in the fields of mineral extraction, safety, health and environment. Subsequently the consequences of these developments for SodM are examined. Based on these developments an elaboration is provided of the initiatives taken by SodM and an outlook of the programme of supervision projects for the next five years. This document also includes a communication plan, which illustrates when and how SodM goes public. [mk]. [Dutch] Staatstoezicht op de Mijnen (SodM) houdt toezicht op de naleving van wettelijke regelingen die van toepassing zijn op het opsporen, winnen, opslaan en transporteren van delfstoffen. De dienst richt zich hierbij op de aspecten veiligheid, gezondheid, milieu, doelmatige winning en bodembewegingen. Elke vijf jaar stelt SodM een strategiedocument op. Dit strategiedocument is een vervolg op het rapport 'Strategisch beleid 2002 tot 2007'. In dit rapport wordt kort uiteengezet wat er de afgelopen vijf jaar is gerealiseerd. Tevens wordt een analyse geboden van de beleidsontwikkelingen op het terrein van delfstofwinning, veiligheid, gezondheid en milieu. Vervolgens wordt nagegaan, wat die ontwikkelingen betekenen voor SodM. Op basis van die ontwikkelingen wordt uiteengezet welke initiatieven SodM neemt en hoe het programma van toezichtprojecten er de komende vijf jaar uitziet. In het document is tevens een communicatieplan opgenomen, waaruit blijkt wanneer en hoe SodM naar buiten treedt.

  9. Il programma dell'universo

    CERN Document Server

    Lloyd, Seth

    2006-01-01

    Da quando l'universo ha avuto inizio, ha cominciato a calcolare il proprio comportamento. All'inizio il computer-universo produceva strutture semplici, particelle elementari e leggi elementari della fisica; col passare del tempo ha processato "informazioni" sempre più complesse, producendo strutture sempre più intricate (galassie, stelle, pianeti), ma sempre secondo leggi semplici. Ogni cosa deve quindi la propria esistenza alla capacità intrinseca della materia e dell'energia di processare informazione. Se si decifrasse fino in fondo si potrebbe, con un computer quantistico di dimensioni ridotte, comprendere l'universo nel suo insieme.

  10. Nebanku kredītdevēju ”SMScredit” un ”InCREDIT GROUP” lojalitātes programmas un to novērtējums

    OpenAIRE

    Birnbauma, Egija

    2016-01-01

    Bakalaura darba temats ir „Nebanku kredītdevēju ”SMScredit” un ”InCREDIT GROUP” lojalitātes programmas un to novērtējums.” Darba mērķis ir lojalitātes programmu komunikācijas kanālu vērtējums un klientu vērtējums par programmu noderīgumu, to priekšrocībām un vai programmu darbības principi klientiem ir saprotami. Darbs sastāv no trīs daļām: teorētiskās, metodoloģiskās un empīriskās daļas. Teorētiskajā daļā tiek pētīta literatūra par mārketingu, integrētā mārketinga komunikāciju, patērēt...

  11. Housing associations and ventilation. Program Requirements for Domestic Ventilation for new construction and renovation (version 2.0); Woningcorporaties en ventilatie. Programma van Eisen voor Woningventilatie voor nieuwbouw en renovatie (versie 2.0)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balvers, J.; Boerstra, A. [BBA Binnenmilieu, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    2011-11-15

    The aim of the title project is to develop a base of Program Requirements (PvE, abbreviated in Dutch) that employees of housing associations can use as a starting point to achieve ventilation systems in new construction and renovation of housing projects. The tool comprises of three parts: Instructions the for use of the PvE (Chapter 1); PvE for homes with balanced ventilation, including explanatory notes (Chapter 2); PvE for homes with natural ventilation and mechanical exhaust system, including explanatory notes (Chapter 3) [Dutch] Het doel van het project is het ontwikkelen van een basis Programma van Eisen (PvE) dat medewerkers van woningcorporaties als uitgangspunt kunnen gebruiken bij het realiseren van ventilatiesystemen in nieuwbouw en renovatie van woningbouwprojecten. Het instrument bestaat uit 3 delen: Aanwijzingen voor het gebruik van de PvE's (hoofdstuk 1); PvE voor woningen met balansventilatie, inclusief toelichting (hoofdstuk 2); PvE voor woningen met natuurlijke luchttoevoer en mechanische luchtafvoer, inclusief toelichting (hoofdstuk 3)

  12. Onderwijs in het Nationaal Programma Ouderenzorg

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oeseburg, Barth; Schols, Jos; Olde Rikkert, Marcel; van der Horst, Henriëtte; Smilde-van den Doel, Dini; de Rooij, Sophia; Buurman-van Es, Bianca; Schuurmans, Marieke; Gussekloo, Jacobijn

    2016-01-01

    The Netherlands Organisation of Health Research and Development started in 2008 the Dutch National Care for the Elderly Programme (in Dutch abbreviated as NPO) with the aim to improve the quality of life for the frail older people through better quality of care (health, social, community) which is

  13. Slavjanskoje jazykoznanije: češskije naučnyje raboty 1999–2009 gg

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Valčáková, Pavla

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 3, - (2010), s. 147-150. ISBN 978-966-02-5639-2. ISSN N R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LC546 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90610518 Keywords : Slavonic studies * Czech * Ukrainian Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  14. O metodologičeskich principach raboty nad "Slovarem mikrotoponimov Moravii i Silezii"

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Čižmárová, Libuše

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 8, č. 1 (2010), s. 67-77 ISSN 1994-2400 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA405/08/0703 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90610518 Keywords : onomastics * minor place names * anoikonyms * digitization * electronic dictionary * Moravia * Silesia Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  15. Programma intensivnoi diagnostiki semeinõhh otnosheni / Irina Krot

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krot, Irina

    2002-01-01

    Intensiivse diagnostika programmist, mis annab võimaluse välja tuua ka nn õnnelike perede psühholoogilised probleemid, ning autor arvab, et nimetatud programm võiks saada psühhoteraapia läbiviimise juhendiks praktikas

  16. “Initial Services”, la nuova fase del programma Galileo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Lisi

    2017-03-01

    infrastructures and secure services for public authorities. The Declaration of Galileo Initial Services means that the Galileo satellites and ground infrastructure are now operationally ready. These signals will be highly accurate but not available all the time. In the coming years, new satellites will be launched to enlarge the Galileo constellation, which will gradually improve Galileo availability worldwide. The constellation is expected to be completed by 2020 when Galileo will reach full operational capacity.

  17. Programma EQUAL : ravnõe vozmozhnosti na rabote / Ksenia Repson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Repson, Ksenia

    2006-01-01

    Tallinnas toimunud 23 Euroopa Liidu liikmesriigi EQUAL programmile pühendatud foorumist, mille eesmärgiks on vähendada diskrimineerimist töökohtadel. Eestis EQUAL programmi raames töötavatest projektidest. Foorumist võttis osa ka sotsiaalminister Jaak Aab. Lisa

  18. SOTRAS deelrapport nr. 2. Het grafisch programma XY. Een programma voor visualisatie van de resultaten van rekenprogramma's

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Heerden C; Tiktak A

    1994-01-01

    This report gives a description of the graphical tool XY. This program is developed to be coupled with simulation models and database programs. The program contains options for creating line-graphs, scatter-graphs, area-graphs, ordination-graphs, countour-graphs, maps and vector diagrams. The

  19. EURATOM's Programme of Participation in Power Reactor Construction; Le programme de participation d'Euratom aux reacteurs de puissance; Programma uchastiya v razrabotke ehnergeticheskikh reaktorov Evratoma; El programa de participacion de la Euratom en la construccion y explotacion de reactores de potencia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramadier, R. C.; Parker, E. [Communaute Europoenne de l' Energie Atomique, Bruxelles (Belgium)

    1963-10-15

    simple y circulacion natural. La participacion mancomunada puede revestir diversas formas. Una de las principales consiste en contribuir a enjugar el deficit que puede producirse en las centrales nucleoelectricas durante los primeros anos de su explotacion. Esta participacion de la EURATOM ha alentado la construccion de algunas centrales nucleoelectricas; ha permitido ademas, y permitira aun, reunir informaciones que seran de suma utilidad en los proximos afios, durante los cuales los problemas que plantea el funcionamiento de los reactores seran decisivos para el desarrollo de la energia atomica. (author) [Russian] Odnim iz sredstv, primenyaemykh Komissiej Evratoma v tselyakh obespecheniya razvitiya evropejskoj yadernoj promyshlennosti, yavlyaetsya programma, imenuemaya ''uchastie v soobshchestve''. Ehta programma pozvolyaet Komissii prinyat' uchastie v predelakh obshchikh raskhodov v summe 32 mln. raschetnykh edenits po evropejskoj sisteme v toj oblasti, kotoraya otnositsya k ehnergeticheskim reaktoram. V obmen predostavlyaetsya informatsiya o konstruktsii i poryadke ehkspluatatsii ehtikh reaktorov. Postupivshie do poslednego vremeni ot trekh obshchestv predlozheniya pozvolili podpisat' kontrakt. Obshchestva sleduyushchie: a) Natsional'noe obshchestvo po atomnoj ehnergii (SENN), kotoroe vedet v Italii stroitel'stvo ehlektrostantsii na 150 mgvt (ehl) netto s kipyashchim reaktorom s dvojnym tsiklom; b) Yuzhnoe ital'yanskoe obshchestvo po atomnoj ehnergii (SIMEA), kotoroe zanyato v Italii stroitel'stvom ehlektrostantsii na 200 mgvt (ehl) netto s uranovo-grafitovym reaktorom s uglekislym gazom v kachestve teplonositelya; c) Franko-bel'gijskoe obshchestvo po yadernoj ehnergii Ardenn (SENA), kotoroe predprinyalo na franko-bel'gijskoj granitse stroitel'stvo ehlektrostantsii s vodyanym reaktorom pod davleniem. Ozhidaetsya, chto stantsiya smozhet dostich' i, veroyatno, prevzojti moshchnost' v 242 mgvt (ehl) netto. Krome togo, Komissiya raspolagaet zaprosami ob uchastii v

  20. The United States Atomic Energy Commission Programme of Nuclear Materials Management; Le Programme de Gestion des Matieres Nucleaires Applique par L'USAEC; Programma komissii po atomnoj ehnergii ssha v oblasti obrashcheniya s yadernymi materialami; El Programa de Administracion de Materiales Nucleares de la Comision de Energia Atomica de los Estados Unidos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    George, D. E. [United States Atomic Energy Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

    1966-02-15

    seguidos por la AEC para asegurarse de la eficacia de los programas establecidos por sus contratistas para la administracion de los materiales nucleares. Ademas de las que se encuentran en poder de los contratistas que explotan plantas y laboratorios de la AEC, existen considerables cantidades de materiales nucleares especiales que son objeto de una gran variedad de arreglos de caracter financiero y administrativo: en arriendo, con el titulo de propiedad transferido, sujetos a contratos en virtud de los cuales el usuario es responsable economicamente de las perdidas o a acuerdos en los que se estipula que las perdidas recaen en la AEC. La memoria trata de la forma en que la AEC enfoca esas situaciones tan distintas y concluye con un breve resumen de los problemas que aun quedan por resolver. (author) [Russian] Opredeljaetsja oblast' obrashhenija s jadernymi materialami pod rukovodstvom Komissii po atomnoj jenergii SShA i izlagaetsja istorija razvitija jetoj otrasli proizvodstva s 1943 goda do nastojashhego vremeni.. Namechaetsja i obsuzhdaetsja v obshhih chertah osnovnaja programma. Upor delaetsja na osushhestvlenie teh chastej programmy KAJe SShA, kotorye imejut otnoshenie k razrabotke i hraneniju kolichestvennyh dannyh, ustanovleniju vnutrennego kontrolja i ocenke kachestva ispolnenija. Dovol'no podrobno obsuzhdajutsja primenjaemye v nastojashhee vremja metody registracii i obrabotki dannyh o peredache v ramkah KAJe, kak, naprimer, metody predstavlenija otchetov o balanse materialov, v kotoryh periodicheski obobshhajutsja perevody i rezul'taty operacij. Takzhe obsuzhdajutsja metody, primenjaemye KAJe dlja proverki jeffektivnosti programm podrjadchikov v oblasti obrashhenija s jadernymi materialami. Krome materiala, kotorym raspolagajut podrjadchiki, jekspluatirujushhie ustanovki i laboratorii, prinadlezhashhie KAJe, bol'shoe kolichestvo special'nogo rasshhepljajushhego materiala postupaet v ramkah ochen' raznoobraznyh finansovyh i administrativnyh meroprijatij, naprimer

  1. The Israel Food Irradiation Programme and Progress During 1964-1966; Le Programme Israelien d'Irradiation de Denrees Alimentaires et son Evolution entre 1964 et 1966; Izrail'skaya programma po oblucheniyu pishchevykh produktov i uspekhi, dostignutye v ehtoj oblasti v 1964-1966 gg; El Programa de Irradiacion de Alimentos de Israel y sus Progresos Durante el Periodo 1964-1966

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kahan, R. S.; Eisenberg, E.; Lapidot, M. [Soreq Nuclear Research Centre, Yavne (Israel)

    1966-11-15

    con zumos enlatados de naranjas irradiadas. (author) [Russian] Programma po oblucheniju sel'skohozjajstvennyh produktov v Izraile koordiniruetsja komitetom, sozdannym Izrail'skim nacional'nym nauchno-issledovatel'skim sovetom i sostojashhim iz predstavitelej Komissii po atomnoj jenergii Izrailja, Ministerstva sel'skogo hozjajstva i predstavitelej razlichnyh torgovyh i sel'skohozjajstvennyh associacij. Zadachi programmy zakljuchajutsja v sledujushhem: poluchit' razreshenie pravitel'stvennyh organov na obluchenie kul'tur, uzhe poluchivshih- podobnoe razreshenie za granicej (kartofel', luk); prodolzhat' rabotu nad kul'turami. Mestnogo znachenija (abrikosy, grushi) i nad jeksportnymi kul'turami (citrusovye, banany, avokado). Istochnik aktivnost'ju 30 000 kjuri ustanavlivalsja v universal'nyj obluchatel' novejshej konstrukcii. Ob{sup e}kty vesom ot neskol'kih gramm do 50 kg obluchalis' dozami ot 20 do 5 x 10{sup 6} rad i moshhnost'ju dozy ot 1,5 do 800 krad/chas. Dlja citrusovyh issledovalos' vlijanie uslovij proizrastanija, sozrevanija, obluchenija i temperatury hranenija. V ramkah programmy za odnu nedelju bylo polucheno i vypushheno 7 millionov sredizemnomorskih plodovyh muh. Byli opredeleny letal'nye dozy dlja rannih stadij razvitija jetih muh. Kartofel' letnego i zimnego urozhaja sorta ''Ap-tu-dejt'' hranilsja partijami po 40 kg v techenie 12 mesjacev pri raznyh temperaturah posle obluchenija dozami raznoj moshhnosti. Provodjatsja opyty po opredeleniju vlijanija obluchenija na zamedlenie prorastanija luka, a takzhe na zamedlenie sozrevanija bananov iz treh klimaticheskih rajonov i avokado treh sortov. Provedeny predvaritel'nye jeksperimenty na saharnoj svekle s cel'ju predotvrashhenija poter' saharozy v period mezhdu sborom urozhaja i jekstrakciej; na obezvozhennyh ovoshhah s cel'ju sokrashhenija vremeni ih prigotovlenija, na shokoladnyh izdelijah s nachinkoj s cel'ju dezinfestacii i na konservirovannom soke iz obluchennyh apel'sinov. (author)

  2. Reactor Physics Development for Advanced Gas-Cooled Reactors; Recherches en Physique des Reacteurs, pour des Reacteurs Perfectionnes Refroidis par un Gaz; Razrabotka metodov v oblasti reaktornoj fiziki dlya usovershenstvovannogo reaktora s gazovym okhlazhdeniem; Progresos de la Fisica de los Reactores de Tipo Avanzado Refrigerados por Gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moore, J. [United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (United Kingdom)

    1964-04-15

    reshetki dlja reaktora AGR i proverki teoreticheskih metodov, razrabotannyh dlja geterogennyh aktivnyh zon reaktorov, ispol'zovalis' kriticheskaja ustanovka APEX i reaktor nulevoj moshhnosti HERO s obychnymi raspolozhenijami reshetok , i kombinacijami izmenjajushhih rabotu reaktora jelementov, naprimer regulirujushhih sterzhnej. Teoreticheskie metody, razrabotannye i primenjavshiesja do nastojashhego vremeni, izvestny kak ''getrekontrol'' i FTD2. Jeksperimenty imeli cel'ju podrobno proverit' osobennosti jetih metodov, i dlja opredelenija soglasovannogo mezhdu soboj rjada konstant reshetki, sootvetstvujushhih rezul'tatam jeksperimentov, byli proanalizirovany rezul'taty izmerenij, vypolnennyh na rjade ''reaktornyh'' aktivnyh zon razlichnogo razmera v ustanovkah APEX i HERO. Jeti chisto jempiricheskie konstanty byli zatem ispol'zovany v metodah getrekontrol' i FTD2 dlja uspeshnogo planirovanija vvoda v jekspluataciju i vybora vida nagruzki dlja Uindskejlskogo AGR. Daetsja ssylka na jeksperimental'nye metody, kotorye byli provereny ilj special'no razrabotany dlja reshenija vstretivshihsja problem. Osobyj interes predstavljajut metody, ispol'zovavshiesja dlja izmerenija jeffektov reaktivnosti v reaktorah APEX, HERO i AGR i dlja opredelenija dannyh tonkoj struktury i raspredelenija jenergij v slozhnyh toplivnyh sborkah. Osushhestvljaemye v nastojashhee vremja teoreticheskie raboty skoncentrirovany, glavnym obrazom, na razrabotke al'ternativnogo metoda v otnoshenii ''getrekontrolja'' i FTD2 dlja rascheta aktivnyh zon reaktora posle znachitel'nogo vygoranija topliva. Na jetom zhe budut skoncentrirovany raboty i v budushhem. Zadachej programmy jeksperimentov na ustanovke HERO javljaetsja ispytanie jetih metodov na slozhnyh aktivnyh zonah, vkljuchaja aktivnye zony s toplivom, proizvodjashhim plutonij. Dopolnitel'nye dannye o vlijanii plutonija bydut polucheny blagodarja jekspluatacii reaktora AGR i fizicheskim izmerenijam obluchennogo topliva. (author)

  3. GridCom, Grid Commander: graphical interface for Grid jobs and data management; GridCom, Grid Commander: graficheskij interfejs dlya raboty s zadachami i dannymi v gride

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galaktionov, V V

    2011-07-01

    GridCom - the software package for maintenance of automation of access to means of distributed system Grid (jobs and data). The client part, executed in the form of Java-applets, realises the Web-interface access to Grid through standard browsers. The executive part Lexor (LCG Executor) is started by the user in UI (User Interface) machine providing performance of Grid operations

  4. The Proportional Counter. Some Aspects of Operation; Le compteur proportionnel. Ses caracteristiques de fonctionnement; Proportsional'nyj schetchik. Nekotorye aspekty raboty; El contador proportional. Sus caracteristicas de funcionamiento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Curran, S C [Awre, Aldermaston (United Kingdom)

    1960-06-15

    1. Work on a counter system designed for electron capture studies has shown that the diameter of the anode wire in a high-pressure proportional counter can have an important influence on the energy resolution obtained in measurements of low-energy radiations. In a counter working at a pressure of 12 atmospheres the width of the pulse distribution due to 13.5 keV K-capture radiations could be changed from 65% to 17% by changing the wire diameter from 0.0076 mm to 0.0025 mm. This phenomenon is interpreted as an effect of positive ion space charge in the avalanche. For a given gas gain and primary radiation the density of positive ions in the avalanche increases rapidly with pressure of the filling gas, and when the accompanying electric fields are large enough to affect the last stages of the multiplication process the energy resolution of the counter deteriorates. Decrease in diameter of the anode wire increases the externally applied field in the region where multiplication takes place, thus tending to counteract the effect of space charge. Use of 0.0025 mm anode wires has proved satisfactory in new measurements of L/K capture ratios made with a multiwire counter system working at pressures up to 12 atmospheres. The results obtained for L/K capture ratios of Ge{sup 71} and Kr{sup 79} are 0.115 and 0.112 respectively. The same counting system has also been used in a search for M capture in these two isotopes. The low energy of the M capture radiation, 180 eV in Ge{sup 71} and 260 eV in Kr{sup 79}, and its low intensity relative to that of K capture, makes accurate measurement difficult; but peaks attributable to M capture were observed in pulse spectra of both sources. 2. Low-Background Counting - Recent observations made on a combination of proportional counter and scintillation counters (operating as shields) show that there are some real difficulties in devising a relatively simple system of this kind. The performance is inherently very satisfactory but practical matters such as long-term gas purity are difficult to overcome. 3. Studies of Electron Attachment - An approach to systematic observations in gases and mixtures of moment in proportional counting is described. It is hoped that such measurements as are effected with this arrangement will be valuable in enlarging the field of application of the counters. (author) [French] 1. Les travaux consacres a la mise au point d'un dispositif de comptage destine a l'etude de la capture electronique ont montre que le diametre du, fil constituant l'anode dans un compteur proportionnel a haute pression peut avoir une influence importante sur le pouvoir de resolution en energie obtenu dans les mesures de rayonnements de faible energie. Dans un compteur travaillant sous une pression de 12 atmospheres, l'amplitude de la repartition des impulsions dues aux rayonnements de capture K de 13,5 keV a pu etre ramenee de 65% a 17%. en reduisant de 0,0076 mm a 0,0025 mm le diametre du fil. Ce phenomene est interprete comme constituant un effet de la charge spatiale en ions positifs dans l'avalanche. Pour un gain et un rayonnement primaire donnes, la densite des ions positifs dans l'avalanche s'accroit rapidement avec la pression du gaz de remplissage, et lorsque les champs electriques d'accompagnement sont assez grands pour affecter les derniers stades du processus de multiplication, le pouvoir de resolution en energie du compteur diminue. Toute diminution du diametre de l'anode entraine un accroissement du champ applique exterieurement, dans la region ou se produit la multiplication, ce qui tend a contrecarrer l'effet de la charge spatiale. L'emploi de fils d'un diametre de 0,0025 mm a donne des resultats satisfaisants lors de nouvelles mesures des rapports de capture L/K effectuees au moyen d'un dispositif de comptage a fils multiples, travaillant sous des pressions pouvant atteindre 12 atmospheres. Les resultats obtenus pour les rapports de capture L/K du Ge{sup 71} et du Kr{sup 79} sont de 0,115 et 0,112 respectivement. On a utilise le meme dispositif de comptage pour etudier la capture M dans ces deux isotopes. La faible energie du rayonne- ment de capture M, soit 180 eV pour le Ge{sup 71} et 260 eV pour le Kr79, ainsi que sa faible intensite comparee a celle de la capture K, rendent difficiles les mesures precises; cependant, des pics imputables a la capture M ont ete observes dans les spectres d'impulsions des deux sources. 2. Comptage d'une activite de fond peu elevee - Des observations recentes faites avec un dispositif comprenant un compteur proportionnel et des compteurs a scintillateurs (ces derniers agissant comme ecrans protecteurs) montrent que la mise au point d'un dispositif relativement simple de ce genre presente de serieuses difficultes. Le fonctionnement est tres satisfaisant en soi, mais certains problemes pratiques, tels que le maintien d'un gaz a l'etat pur pendant une longue periode, sont difficiles a resoudre. 3. Etudes sur l'accumulation d'electrons - On decrit une methode d'observation systematique portant sur les gaz et melanges importants pour le comptage proportionnel. On espere que les mesures effectuees grace au dispositif correspondant s'avereront utiles en permettant d'elargir le champ d'application des compteurs. (author) [Spanish] 1. Los trabajos de perfeccionamient o de un dispositivo de recuento destinado al estudio de la captura electronica demuestran que el diametro del alambre anodico de un contador proporcional de elevada presion puede ejercer una influencia considerable sobre el poder de resolucion energetica obtenido en la medicion de radiaciones de baja energia. En un contador que trabaje a la presion de 12 atmosferas, la amplitud de la distribucion de los impulsos debidos a radiaciones de captura K de 13,5 keV, puede reducirse de 65 a 17% sustituyendo el alambre de 0,0076 mm de diametro por otro de 0,0025 mm. Este fenomeno se interpreta como un efecto de la carga espacial de los iones positivos en la avalancha. Para una amplificacion gaseosa y una radiacion pri- maria determinadas, la densidad de los iones positivos en la avalancha aumenta rapidamente con la presion del gas contenido en el contador, y cuando los campos electricos concomitantes tienen suficiente intensidad para afectar las ultimas fases del proceso de multiplicacion, el poder de resolucion del contador disminuye. La reduccion del diametro del alambre anodico trae aparejado un aumento de la intensidad del campo externo en la zona donde se verifica la multiplicacion, tendiendo asi a contrarrestar el efecto de la carga espacial, pero el empleo de alambres anodicos de 0,0025 mm ha dado resultados satisfactorios en nuevas mediciones de las razones de captura L/K efectuadas con un contador de hilos multiples funcionando a presiones de hasta 12 atmosferas. Los resul- tados obtenidos para la razon de captura L/K del Ge{sup 71} y del Kr{sup 79} son 0,115 y 0,112 respectivamente . El mismo sistema de recuento se ha empleado para investigar una posible captura M en estos dos isotopos. La baja energia de la radiacion emitida por captura M, a saber 180 eV en el Ge{sup 71} y 260 eV en el Kr{sup 79}, asi como su reducida intensidad en relacion con la correspondiente a la captura K, dificultan una medicion exacta; sin embargo, en los espectros de impulsos de ambas fuentes se han observado maximos que pueden atribuirse a la captura M. 2. Recuento de bajas actividades de fondo. - Observaciones recientes efectuadas con un dispositivo formado por un contador proporcional y contadores de centelleo (que funcionan como pantalla protectora) revelan que la construccion de un dispositivo relativamente sencillo de este tipo ofrece ciertas dificultades. El funcionamiento es de por si muy satisfactorio, pero algunos problemas practicos, tales como el mantenimiento del gas al estado puro durante uen tiempo largo, son dificiles de resolver. 3. Estudios sobre acumulacion de electrones. - El autor describe un procedimiento de observacion sistematica de las propriedades de los gases y mezclas utilizadas en el recuento proporcional. Cabe esperar que las mediciones efectuadas con este dispositivo permitan ampliar el campo de aplicacion de los contadores. (author) [Russian] I. Rabota nad schetnoj sistemoj, prednaznachenno j dlya izucheniya zakhvata ehlektronov, pokazala, chto diametr anoidnogo provoda v proportsional'no m schetchike s vysokim' davleniem mozhet okazyvat' bol'shoe vliyanie na razreshenie po ehnergii, poluchaemoe pri izmereniyakh radiatsii nizkoj ehnergii. V schetchike, rabotayushchem pri davlenii v 12 atmosfer, shirina raspredeleniya impul'sov pri radiatsii v 13,5 kehv K-zakhvata mozhet byt' izmenena ot 65% do 17% posredstvom izmeneniya diametra provoda ot 0,0076 do 0,0025 millimetra. EHto yavlenie ob{sup y}asnyaetsya kak dejstvie polozhitel'nogo prostranstvennog o zaryada iona v lavine. Dlya opredelennogo usileniya gaza i osnovnoj radiatsii plotnost' polozhitel'ny kh ionov v lavine bystro uvelichivaetsya vmeste s davleniem napolnyayushchego gaza, i kogda soputstvuyushchie ehlektricheskie polya stanovyatsya dostatochno bol'shimi, chtoby povliyat' na poslednie stadii protsessa umnozheniya, razreshenie po ehnergii schetchika ukhudshaetsya. Umen'shenie diametra anodnogo provoda uvelichivaet poyavlyayushcheesya izvne pole v tom meste, gde proiskhodit umnozhenie, i tem samym stremitsya protivodejstvovat ' dejstviyu prostranstvennogo zaryada. Ispol'zovanie 0,0025-millimetrovy kh anodnykh provodov okazalos' udovletvoritel'ny m pri novykh izmereniyakh koehffitsient a zakhvata L/K, provodimogo s mnogoprovodno j schetnoj sistemoj s Davleniem do 12 atmosfer. Rezul'taty, poluchennye dlya koehffitsienta zakhvata L/K s Ge{sup 71} i Kg{sup 79} ravny 0,115 i 0,112 sootvetstvenno . Tazhe schetnaya sistema ispol'zovalas' pri issledovanii M-zakhvata v ehtikh dvukh izotopakh. Nizkaya ehnergiya radiatsii M-zakhvata, 180 ehv v Ge{sup 71}, 260 ehv v Kg{sup 79} i ee nizkaya intensivnost' po po sravneniyu s intensivnost'yu K-zakhvata zatrudnyayut tochnoe izmerenie; no vysshie tochki blagodarya M-zakhvatu nablyudalis' v impul'snykh spektrakh oboikh istochnikov. II. Schetchik s nizkim fonom. - Poslednie nablyudeniya, provedennye na kombinatsii proportsional'nog o i stsintillyatsionnog o schetchikov (dejstvuyushchikh v kachestve ehkranov), pokazyvayut, chto imeyutsya nekotorye real'nye trudnosti v sozdanii prostoj sistemy takogo roda. Dejstvie ee v printsipe ves'ma udovletvoritel'no , no trudno razreshit' takie prakticheskie voprosy, kak dolgovremenno e sokhranenie chistoty gaza. III. Izuchenie ehlektronnogo prisposobleniya . - Opisyvaetsya podkhod k probleme sistematicheski kh nablyudenij momenta v proportsional'no m ischislenii v gazakh i smesyakh. Nadeyutsya, chto takie izmereniya, na kotorye okazyvaet vozdejstvie ehto ustrojstvo, budut polezny dlya rasshireniya predelov primeneniya schetchikov. (author)

  5. Neutron Spectrometry Work at the CNEN; La spectrometrie neutronique au CNEN; Raboty po nejtronnoj spektrometrii v nkyaeh; Trabajos de espectrometria neutronica realizados en el CNEN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caglioti, G; Ascarelli, P [Comitato Nazionale per L' energia Nucleare Euratom, G. C. R. Ispra, Varese (Italy)

    1963-01-15

    In this communication the main features of the triple axis spectrometer recently installed at the Ispra-1 reactor are presented. Preliminary results in the quasi elastic angular distribution of 1.4A neutrons scattered in liquid bromine are shown and briefly discussed. (author) [French] Dans ce memoire, l'auteur decrit les principales caracteristiques du spectrometre triaxial installe recemment au reacteur Ispra-1. Il donne et examine brievement les resultats preliminaires des experiences sur la distribution angulaire quasi elastique de neutrons de 1.4A a diffuses dans du brome liquide. (author) [Spanish] La memoria describe las principales caracteristicas del espectrometro triaxial recientemente instalado en el reactor lspra-1. Asimismo, expone brevemente los resultados iniciales de las determinaciones de distribucion angular de neutrones de 1,4 A dispersados en forma cuasi elastica por bromo liquido. (author)

  6. Le basi neurali delle funzioni cognitive di alto livello: un programma possibile?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano F. Cappa

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The technological developments of the methods of neuroimaging and, in particular, of the new methods of analysis of the dates based on the analysis of functional integration, allow to examine the most complex aspects of brain’s working, by avoiding the risk of a “neofrenology”. The most recent studies deal with aspect of brain’s working that are traditionally considered out of the neurosciences, such as the economic decision, the moral choices and the esthetic experience.   

  7. Evaluation of the industrial programs of NOVEM. Evaluatie industriele programma's NOVEM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koster, S J; Rademaker, B; Braun, A R; Gerritse, G

    1989-01-01

    The title subject has been evaluated by INDIS (Dutch Bureau for Industrial and Professional Investigations) in order to analyse the demand of the target group and to collect data for the product/market strategical part of the long-range planning for 1989-1993 and 1994-1998. INDIS collected data from 20 interviews with policy-making managers from industrial companies, and 9 interviews with consultancy bureaus, engineering bureaus, contractors, business organizations and the government. These data were supplemented by a literature search. The effectiveness of the NOVEM (Netherlands Agency for Energy and the Environment) has been investigated with regard to the possibilities of developed technologies. This investigation was done by Braun Technoconsult. Conclusions and recommendations are given with regard to energy and environmental projects, the roles of the government, the umbrella organizations and the NOVEM and finally the effectivity of the applicated tools (information, counseling, demonstrations, financing, etc.).

  8. Discorso globale e contesti locali. Quale futuro per il programma di riforma agraria in Ruanda?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan Pottier

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available La maggior parte degli sforzi per trasformare l’economia sub-sahariana negli anni Ottanta e Novanta faceva seguito ai cosiddetti “accordi di Washington”; questi sforzi avevano l’obiettivo di ridimensionare il ruolo dello Stato e liberalizzare i prezzi agricoli. La strategia prescritta funzionò per alcuni, ma non per la maggioranza dei produttori agricoli; all’inizio del XXI secolo è necessario, ancora una volta, un “momento di ripensamento”. I responsabili delle politiche agricole suggeriscono ora che,per indurre un cambiamento efficace, il nuovo modo di pensare deve fare i conti con modelli inappropriati di coltivazione, cogliere le dimensioni sociali e politiche dei cambiamenti indotti dalle moderne tecniche di coltivazione e venire a patti con i locali modi di comprensione dei contesti complessi (Scoones, Devereux, Haddad 2005, p. 3.

  9. Programma Conoscenza: Psycho-Educational, Integrated and Evolved Treatment for Cocaine Addiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonardi, Andrea; Fioravanti, Paolo; Scavelli, Sonia; Velicogna, Francesco

    2009-01-01

    The 2005 EMCDDA (European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Annual report 2005: the state of the drugs problem in Europe, from http://ar2005.emcdda.europa.eu/en/home-en.html?CFID=5556438&CFTOKEN=9393b63b806e64c7-FB015A79-E157-F9DE-99626FADD9F4C983&jsessionid=2e30185a01447c413a1e) annual report remarks the dearth of options…

  10. Effect 5e Nitraat Actie Programma op de bodembelasting. Berekening bodembelasting voor berekening van de waterkwaliteit

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koeijer, de T.J.; Luesink, H.H.

    2015-01-01

    Uit de MAMBO-berekeningen blijkt dat door invoering van het 5e NAP het gebruik van dierlijke mest op zandgrond daalt. De grootste daling treedt in het zuidelijk zandgebied op. Daarnaast treedt er een verschuiving op van de aanwending van varkensmest naar graasdiermest. Dit komt door de aanscherping

  11. Programma's voor levensvaardigheden op school : achtergronden, ontwikkeling en evaluatie van onderwijs in sociale en emotionele vaardigheden

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gravesteijn, J.C.

    2010-01-01

    The thesis ‘ Skills for Life programs in school’ treats the theoretical foundations, design and evaluation of school-based Skills for Life programs, aimed at promoting social and emotional skills in children and adolescents. More specifically, the formation and development iterations of a Dutch

  12. Rabotshaja sila, gossudarstvennõi sektor i programma promõshlennogo razvitija / Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kekelidze, Eteri, 1944-

    2007-01-01

    Tööandjate Keskliidu juhatuse esimehe Enn Veskimägi arvamusi tööjõust, riiklikust sektorist ja tööstuse arenguprogrammist. Tööandjate keskliidu pöördumisest vabariigi valitsuse poole, milles juhitakse tähelepanu riigi majanduse ees seisvatele probleemidele. Vt. samas: Eesti eksport 2005-2007 esimene pool

  13. ALTERNER programme for 1995 and planning for 1996; Programma ALTENER consuntivo 1995 e pianificazione 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crea, C [Ministero dell` Industria, Commercio e Artigianato, Rome (Italy); Ricci, A; Tarquini, P; Gerardi, V; La Motta, S [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dip. Energia

    1995-12-01

    This report concerns the main results, some considerations and analysis on the outcome of Altener Programme for 1995 and information on the necessary formalities for participating to the Programme 1996. Particularly it will be reported the distribution of accepted proposals and relative awarded contributions for each Member States, a critical analysis on the contents of the accepted and financed proposals in relation to indications given by guidelines 1995 and to different energy sources. Further a synthetic description of Italian accepted proposals is reported and at last new Guidelines for the Altener 96 participation are reported.

  14. Il programma di radicale naturalizzazione della mente. Note su alcuni assunti concettuali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldo Stella

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The Project of a Radical Naturalization of Mind. Remarks on Some Conceptual Assumptions - In this paper we address the program of the radical naturalization of the mind and, in particular, the materialist monism perspective which is the product of that program. Our aim is to identify the fundamental assumptions on which the program is based. The first assumption we recognize and critically discuss concerns the correspondentist conception of truth. A second assumption is related to the view that the study of the mind consists solely in the identification of causal relations and laws that govern mechanical processes, while the only investigations that can be considered scientific are those which are based on the principle of the closure of the physical world. In conclusion, we show that the most significant assumption of this program is the negation of subjectivity and consciousness, which are reduced to unconscious, non-intelligent processes. The problem we identify with respect to this reduction is that the fundamental distinction between empirical conditions and the conditions of intelligibility is disregarded.

  15. Vraaggestuurd Programma 2012-2014. Voortgangsrapportage 2013, VP Security, Thema VII High Tech Systemen en Materialen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Don, J.A.

    2014-01-01

    De roadmap Security voor topsector High Tech Systems & Materials wordt gedragen door een breed consortium van bedrijven, overheden, TNO, NLR en STW/NWO (zie www.htsm.nl). Onder regie van het roadmapteam Security is het plan 2013 voor TNO-Vraaggestuurd Onderzoeksprogramma Security 2012-2014 opgesteld

  16. Studie ten behoeve van het programma "Hergebruik van Bouwmaterialen" voor de Stimuleringsregeling Milieutechnologie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lijzen JPA; Soczo ER; Kamphuis C; LAE

    1994-01-01

    The study is aimed at short and middle-term solutions for separation, handling and processing of waste from the building sector for the purpose of reuse. Qualitative and quantitative preventive measures also receive attention. In view of the large scope of this subject, the development of

  17. Programma podgotovki spetsialistov v oblasti obucheniya bol'nykh sakharnym diabetom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Ivanovich Dedov

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available Группа исследований в области обучения больных диабетом ? Diabetes Education Study Group (DESG ? функционирует в рамках Европейской ассоциации по изучению диабета ? European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD. Она была создана в 1979 г. с целью разработки системы обучения больных диабетом и подготовки медицинских кадров в этой области. Президентом DESG долгие годы был профессор Женевского университета Ж.-Ф. Ассаль, предложивший основные идеи терапевтического обучения больных хроническими заболеваниями. В настоящее время DESG возглавляет профессор А. Мальдонато (Италия. В состав Координационного комитета DESG входят по 2 представителя от каждой страны, в том числе от России. Координатором международной программы подготовки специалистов в области обучения больных диабетом от России является академик РАМН И.И. Дедов. С момента создания фонд исследований DESG поддерживает фар? мацевтическая компания Сервье.

  18. PUMS E ITS: LE STRATEGIE DEL PROGRAMMA UE HORIZON2020 PER UNA MOBILITA' "SMART"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Zavaglia

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, the need to develop and boost new forms of sustainable urban mobility to replace urban transport is a key iusse, addressed by European Commission with a big effort in terms of research, strategies and initiatives. In this context, two relevant instruments identified to reach this goal are integrated planning at all the mobility levels and its management. The former may be realized through the processing of PUMS (Urban Plan of Sustainable Mobility, while the latter through Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS. Among the other sustainable transport services, car sharing is expected to become efficient and is expected to limit the use of private cars, thus facilitating multi-modal for public transports. The present text deals with a presentation of the state-of.art practices in terms of car sharing, particularly referring to the case of Turin.

  19. Method to calculating an internal electromagnetic pulse generated in a system under gamma radiation effect; Metod rascheta vnutrennego ehlektromagnitnogo impul`sa, generiruemogo v sisteme pri vozdejstvii gamma-izlucheniya

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ogorodnikov, S N

    1994-12-31

    A method of calculating internal electromagnetic pulse, generated in the system under effect of gamma radiation is developed. Ratios for basic electron flux characteristics and components of electric and magnetic fields generated by gamma radiation, are indicated for a cylindrical cavity under gamma radiation effect on its surface. To illustrate this a case is considered when a single flux velocity component is present.

  20. La nascita del programma nucleare iraniano. Washington e Teheran tra alleanza e reciproci sospetti 1956-1979

    OpenAIRE

    Passino, Carlo

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate and understand the role of the Shah of Iran, and his close relationships with the United States, in the development of the Iranian nuclear program before the Revolution of 1979. The period covered goes from the assignment of Mohammed Reza Pahlavi as Shah of Iran in 1946 to the 1979 when finally Iran and United States found an agreement about mutual nuclear cooperation. The first part of this study examines the situation when Mohammed Reza...

  1. Snelheid en snelheidsbeheersing : samenvatting van de belangrijkste bevindingen uit de snelheidsprojecten in het SWOV-programma 2003-2006.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schagen, I.N.L.G. van (red.)

    2007-01-01

    Speed and speed management; Summary of the most important findings from the speeding projects in SWOV's 2003-2006 research programme. Driving too fast, i.e. faster than the speed limit or insufficiently adapted to the circumstances, is one of road safety's central problems. In SWOV's 2003-2006

  2. Italian ENEA 1993-1995 tri-annual program. Programma triennale dell'ENEA 1993-1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-01-01

    ENEA (Italian Agency for New Technology, Energy and the Environment) has a dual role - research and development and public administration for that which regards energy and the environment. The Agency has the responsibility of furnishing high level scientific and technological consulting services to the national public administration and to industry. Its joint ventures with industry in commercialization efforts are limited to a 30% share of involvement. This paper describes the planned activities of the Agency in the fields of renewable, nuclear and fusion energy, energy conservation, environmental monitoring and protection, lasers and robotics, technology transfer, training and information dissemination. Breakdowns are provided of the relevant outlays set aside by the national government for these planned activities.

  3. Perceived quality of reproductive care for girls in a competitive voucher programma: a quasi-experimental intervention study, Managua, Nicaragua.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meuwissen, S.G.M.; Gorter, A.C.; Knottnerus, J.A.

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To determine whether female adolescents from low-income areas in Managua were satisfied with the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care provided through a competitive voucher programme and to analyse the determinants of their satisfaction. Design: A community-based quasi-experimental

  4. Evaluatie prenatale huisbezoeken JGZ ZonMw-project in het kader van programma ’Vernieuwing uitvoeringspraktijk jeugdgezondheidszorg’

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vink, R.; Sleuwen, B. van; Boere-Boonekamp, M.

    2013-01-01

    Deze rapportage geeft de resultaten weer van de evaluatie van het aanbod van prenatale huisbezoeken door de jeugdverpleegkundige (PHB-JGZ). In een aantal regio’s bestaat de mogelijkheid om al tijdens de zwangerschap,meestal op indicatie van de verloskundige zorgverlener, prenatale huisbezoeken bij

  5. Experience of the leading miner crew in the 'Severo-Vostochnyi' im. 50-letiya Velikogo Oktyabrya surface mine. Opyt raboty peredovykh brigad razreza 'Severo-vostochnyi' im. 50-letiya Velikogo Oktyabrya

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Banshchikov, G I; Demidova, A O

    1981-01-01

    The paper evaluates surface coal mining in the Dal'vostugol' association. Five surface mines of the association mined 13.8 Mt in 1980, 105,900 m/sup 3/ of overburden were removed, overburden to coal ratio was 7.67 m/sup 3//t, labor productivity per miner was 663 t/month, mining cost 2.70 ruble/t. Use of powerful walking draglines for mining, overburden removal and spoil bank formation influenced mining schemes and permitted labor productivity to be increased. Mining schemes without transport of overburden are shown . The following types of mining equipment were used: EhSh-15/90, EhSh-14/75, EhSh-10/60 and EhSh-10/70 draglines, EhKG-4.6u and EhVG-4I face shovels. Mining and geologic conditions are described: climatic conditions are characterized by intensive temperature fluctuation. Air temperature in January ranges from minus 26.8 C to minus 41.0 C and in July from 7.2 C to 31.9 C, the annual precipitation is 622 mm. Thickness of frozen soil in winter ranges from 2.5 to 3.0 m. Geologic conditions of the basin are analyzed: coal seam thickness, depth, coal properties, ash, sulfur, volatile matter, moisture, calorific value, stratification of overburden, mechanical properties of overburden, ground water and water influx. Operation of the Dal'vostugol' mines is described on the example of the Severo-Vostochnyi surface mine, the largest of the region (47% of the coal output). The following aspects of mine operation are evaluated: coal output, economic analysis, mining cost, mining equipment, earthmoving equipment (draglines), mine haulage, effects of climates (particularly equipment repairs), mining schemes, failures of excavators, innovation and safety.

  6. Calculation of comparators of analog-to-digital converters with account of electric regime of transistor operation and ionizing radiation effect; Raschet komparatov analogo-tsifrovykh preobrazovatelej s uchetom ehlektricheskogo rezhima raboty tranzistorov i vozdejstviya ioniziruyushchego izlucheniya

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ragozin, A Yu

    1994-12-31

    Zero shift voltage in comparators of analog-to-digital converters under gamma irradiation with regard to electric mode effect on bipolar transistor degradation is calculated. It is shown that the input range of comparators such weak units are represented by comparators of bipolar and lower grades.

  7. Small-scale hydro-power plant in Quinto - Preliminary project; Progetto minicentrale idroelettrica, Ri Secco - Quinto. Programma piccole centrali idrauliche. Progetto di massima

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dotti, R. [Reali e Guscetti SA, Ambri (Switzerland); Rosselli, P. [Celio Engineering SA, Ambri (Switzerland)

    2009-06-15

    This report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) takes a look at a project for the realisation of a small hydro-power plant on the alpine stream 'Ri Secco' in the municipality of Quinto, southern Switzerland. The Ri Secco partly flows in a steep canyon. The elevation difference of 810 or 620 m (depending on the location of the water deviation from the stream) is favorable to the installation of a small-scale high-head power plant. The report presents details on the hydrological data and the dimensioning of the installation. Several variants are considered, which also include two possible penstock diameters for each weir location. The electricity production expected is discussed, as is the economic viability of the project.

  8. Small-scale hydro-power plant in Anzonico - Preliminary project; Progetto microcentrale idroelettrica, Anzonico. Programma Centrali idrauliche. Progetto di massima

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dotti, R. [Reali e Guscetti SA, Ambri (Switzerland); Rosselli, P. [Celio Engineering SA, Ambri (Switzerland)

    2009-01-15

    This report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) takes a look at a project for the realisation of a small hydro-power plant in the municipality of Anzonico, southern Switzerland. The water of a small alpine stream is to be used for power generation and vineyard irrigation as well as for the creation of an additional water resource for fire fighting in this sensitive region. The report is foreseen to support the request for a water usage concession to the authorities of the Canton of Ticino. It presents details on the hydrological data for the river and the dimensioning of the installation. The hydrological installations and the turbine foreseen are described and discussed, as is the removal of river sediment. The electricity production expected is discussed, as is the economic viability of the project. Synergies exist with the local electricity utility that will renew and improve its power distribution and telecommunication system when the penstock will be mounted in the underground.

  9. On Continuous Distributions and Parameter Estimation in Probabilistic Logic Programs (Over continue verdelingen en het schatten van parameters in probabilistische logische programma's)

    OpenAIRE

    Gutmann, Bernd

    2011-01-01

    In the last decade remarkable progress has been made on combining statistical machine learning techniques, reasoning under uncertainty, and relational representations. The branch of Artificial Intelligence working on the synthesis of these three areas is known as statistical relational learning or probabilistic logic learning.ProbLog, one of the probabilistic frameworks developed, is an extension of the logic programming language Prolog with independent random variables that are defined by an...

  10. Gezondheidsvoorlichting en bewegingsstimulering voor ouderen: Ontwikkeling en evaluatie van het programma "Gezond & Vitaal" [Health education and exercise stimulation for older people: Development and evaluation of "Healthy & Vital"

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hopman-Rock, M.; Westhoff, M.H.

    2002-01-01

    In order to promote health in people of 65 years and older, TNO Prevention and Health developed, evaluated, and implemented "Healthy & Vital" (also known as "Ageing Well and Healthily"). Healthy & Vital consists of six sessions of health education and low-intensity exercises. This paper reports on

  11. Interpolis SlimOpWeg-programma : de AutoModus-app : vragenlijstonderzoek naar het effect van een app om smartphonegebruik in de auto te verminderen.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groot-Mesken, J. de Wijnen, W. Stelling-Konczak, A. & Commandeur, J.J.F.

    2017-01-01

    Interpolis SlimOpWeg programme: the AutoModus app; Survey into the effect of an app on reducing smartphone use while driving a car. Within the programme SlimOpWeg the Dutch insurance company Interpolis had a smartphone app developed. The purpose of this ‘AutoModus app’ is to help young drivers to

  12. Een energiebalans programma voor pasgepensioneerden : impact op lichaamssamenstelling, lichamelijke activiteit en voeding = An energy balance intervention at retirement : impact on body composition, physical activity and diet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Werkman, A.M.

    2007-01-01

    background Occupational retirement is a life event that is likely to induce lifestyle changes leading to a positive energy balance, and hence weight gain and accumulation of abdominal fat mass. aims The aims of this thesis are 1) to systematically develop an energy balance intervention

  13. Valdose program: methodologies for dose assessment in internal contamination, 1997 census; Programma valdose: metodologie di valutazione della dose da contaminazione interna, censimento 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castellani, C.M.; Battisti, P.; Tarroni, G. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche `Ezio Clementel`, Bologna (Italy). Dip. Ambiente

    1998-12-31

    Dose assessment in internal dosimetry needs computational and interpretative tools that allow carrying out, as a first step, an evaluation of intake on the base of bioassay measurements or WBC measurements, and as a second step, dose evaluation on the base of estimated intake. In the frame of the MIDIA Co-ordination (WBC operating in Italy), in the first months of 1997 a census on methodologies for dose evaluation in internal contamination has been proposed. A technical form has been sent to all the WBC Centres allowing an accurate description of modalities used in each centre. 9 out of 17 centres sent the answers to the technical form in time. In this paper all the forms filled in are reported. A careful comparative evaluation of the answers has been made both for routine monitoring and for special monitoring. The various radionuclides present in the Italian reality, calculation methodologies both for intake and dose, hypotheses adopted for date, path and modalities of contaminations are also presented. Proposals for conforming to the methodology in Italy after the introduction of the models following ICRP 60 publication that are the base of the Euratom 96/29 Directive are also discussed. [Italiano] La valutazione di dose in contaminazione interna necessita di strumenti interpretativi che permettano di effettuare in una prima la valutazione dell`intake sulla base delle misure dei campioni biologici o del corpo intero (WBC), ed in una seconda fase la valutazione della dose sulla base dell`intake. All`interno del coordinamento MIDIA dei WBC operanti in Italia e` stato proposto, nel primo trimestre del 1997, un censimento sulle metodologie di valutazione di dose da contaminazione interna. Ai diversi centri e` stato inviato una scheda tecnica che, mediante un particolareggiato schema di domande, aiutava i diversi centri nella esposizione delle modalita` di valutazione di dose che ogni centro segue. 9 au 17 centri WBC operanti al momemnto in Italia hanno inviato la risposta alla scheda tecnica in tempo utile.

  14. BPM Magazine : biobased performance materials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bolck, C.H.; Bos, H.L.; Gennip, van E.; Zee, van der M.

    2011-01-01

    BPM magazine is een uitgave van het Biobased Performance Materials programma. In dit programma werken kennisinstellingen en bedrijven samen aan nieuwe biobased plastics en aan toepassingsgericht onderzoek om de eigenschappen van bestaande biokunststoffen te verbeteren.

  15. The CNRN Research Programme for the Study of Radioisotope Accumulation by Marine Organisms and its Effects as Regards Radioactive Contamination of the Ocean; Le Programme de Recherches du CNRN sur l'Accumulation des Radioisotopes par les Organismes Marins et son Effet sur la Contamination Radioactive de l'Ocean; 041f 0420 041e 0414 ; Programa de Investigaciones del CNRN para Estudiar la Acumulacion de Radioisotopos en los Organismos Marinos y sus Efectos sobre la Contaminacion Radiactiva del Oceano

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buzzati-Traverso, A. A.; Bernhard, M. [National Committee for Nuclear Research (Italy)

    1960-07-01

    . Por ultimo, facilitan algunos resultados preliminares obtenidos. (author) [Russian] V doklade izlagaetsja programma nauchnyh issledovanij, Predprinjatyh Nacional'nym komitetom po jadernym issledovanijam, s cel'ju izuchenija vsej slozhnoj jekonomicheskoj sistemy morja, t.e. putej dvizhenija radioaktivnyh materialov, kotorye mogut popast' v produkty morja, potrebljaemye chelovekom. Osushhestvlenie programmy nachnetsja s aktivnogo issledovanija odnogo iz uchastkov Sredizemnogo morja. V programme predusmotreno provedenie teoreticheskih i prakticheskih jeksperimentov. V doklade daetsja kratkoe opisanie izbrannogo uchastka morja, oborudovanija i ukomplektovanija laboratorii personalom, a takzhe rassmotreny obshhie zadachi laboratorii. V konce doklada privodjatsja nekotorye rezul'taty raboty. (author)

  16. Chemistry Programme for Water Cooled Nuclear Power Plants. Specific Safety Guide (Russian Edition); Programma po vodno-khimicheskomu rezhimu dlya atomnykh ehlektrostantsij s vodookhlazhdaemymi reaktorami. Spetsial'noe rukovodstvo po bezopasnosti

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-02-15

    This publication provides guidance on establishing a high standard chemistry programme in accordance with plant safety policy and regulatory requirements. It will be useful to managers of operating organizations and other staff responsible for supporting or monitoring plant activities and for oversight of the plant chemistry programme, as well as to regulatory bodies. Contents: 1. Introduction; 2. Functions, responsibilities and interfaces; 3. Chemistry programme; 4. Chemistry control; 5. Chemistry aspects of radiation exposure optimization; 6. Chemistry surveillance; 7. Management of chemistry data; 8. Training and qualification; 9. Quality control of chemicals and other substances.

  17. Universal energy-dispersive EXAFS spectrometer based on SR beam of `Kurchatovskij Institute` and scientific program of investigations; Universal`nyj ehnergodispersionnyj EXAFS-spektrometr v Natsional`nom tsentre sinkhrotronnogo izlucheniya (`Kurchatovskij institut`) i nauchnaya programma issledovanij

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aksenov, V L; Ivanov, I N [Laboratory of Particle Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Koval` chuk, M V [Institut Kristallografii, RAN, Moscow (Russian Federation); and others

    1997-12-31

    The scheme of the energy-dispersive EXAFS spectrometer is discussed. The spectrometer will be used for the solid state investigations on the Kurchatov Synchrotron Radiation Source KSRS. The main elements of the universal station are described, including the results of the positive-sensitive X-ray detector testing. The experimental investigations are presented which are supposed to be carried out with this EXAFS spectrometer. (author). 4 refs., 14 figs., 1 tab. Submitted to Poverkhnost`. Rentgenovskie, Sinkhrotronnye i Nejtronnye Issledovaniya.

  18. GAPHAT-II, program for outlined analysis of wind turbines. Part 1: model description and verification. GAPHAT-II, programma voor globale analyses van windturbines. Deel 1: Modelbeschrijving en verificatie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schepers, J.G.

    1988-05-01

    The second version of the program GAPHAT (Outlined Analysis Program Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines) is discussed. The program can be used for investigated analysis and gives the following results: 1. aerodynamical coefficients as functions of high-speed, blade angle and rotor azimuth angle; 2. loads in the heart of the blade and on the rotor axis as function of the time; 3. dynamic behavior at different adjustments. The aerodynamic loads follow a combination of linear momentum theory and blade element theory. The resulting equations are calculated with a quadratic equation with the inflow angle as an unknown. Summation of aerodynamic, innate weight and centrifugal loads gives the total loads. For the blade angle control a few general models were developed: an active on/off control for power and a PID control for linear speed (PID is proportional, integral and differential control). Calculations of aerodynamic coefficients and of loads in the heart of the blade were compared to calculations with the program PHATAS-I. The differences are less than 10% in most cases. 16 figs., 7 refs., 1 tab

  19. Basiscursus SPSS (versie 18-19) [4e druk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grotenhuis, H.F. te; Matthijssen, A.C.B.

    2012-01-01

    Het statistische programma SPSS is al geruime tijd op de Nederlandse markt. In die periode zijn er ook veel leerboeken verschenen waarin het programma uitvoerig werd beschreven, vaak in combinatie met de bijbehorende statistische theorie. Dit boek wijkt af van deze aanpak doordat de auteurs zich

  20. KB WOT Fisheries 2013 - Maintaining Excellence and Innvovation in Fisheries Research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Damme, van C.J.G.; Beek, van F.A.

    2013-01-01

    Het KB programma voor Visserijonderzoek onderhoudt en ontwikkelt de expertise, die nodig is om de WOT voor de visserij uit te voeren. De inhoud van het KB WOT-programma voor 2013 weerspiegelt de recente discussies tussen IMARES, CVO en EZ over de toekomstige richting van het onderzoek. De KB

  1. Lādētu daļiņu kustības magnētiskā laukā 3D modelēšana OpenFOAM vidē

    OpenAIRE

    Venčels, Juris

    2013-01-01

    Darbā tiek aplūkota aprēķinu programmas izveide un tās funkcionalitāte elektriskā un magnētiskā lauka modelēšanai trijās dimensijās, izmantojot magnētiskā vektorpotenciāla “A, V-A” formulējumu. Programma veidota uz atvērtā koda bibliotēkas OpenFOAM bāzes. Rezultāti salīdzināti ar programmas FEMM aksiāl-simetriskajiem aprēķiniem. Programma nodrošina multi-reģionu aprēķinus, iespēju vienlaicīgi modelēt dažādus procesus, uzdot fizikālu lielumu atkarību no citiem lielumiem. Programma modelē el...

  2. Reactor Radiation Loops as Large Gamma Sources; Boucles d'irradiation des reacteurs nucleaires utilisees comme sources gamma intenses; Radiatsionnye kontury yadernykh reaktorov kak moshchnye gamma-istochniki; Empleo de circuitos de irradiacion de los reactores como fuentes gamma de gran intensidad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ryabukhina, Yu. S.

    1963-11-15

    primer lugar, se eligieron para la realizacion de esos circuitos las aleaciones de indio, metal liquido a temperatura ambiente. Se estudio el comportamiento de dos eutecticos de indio frente a algunos materiales de construccion y a principios de 1960 se construyo el primer circuito de prueba de indio-galio. Como iesultado de estudios ulteriores, se instalaron modelos de circuitos de indio-galio, con una actividad en el irradiador equivalente a unos 100 g de Ra, en el reactor IRT de la Academia de Ciencias de la Republica Socialista Sovietica de Georgia, asi'como un circuito de prueba de indio-galio-estafio in el canal del reactor IRT del Instituto de Energia Atomica de la Academia de Ciencias de la Union Sovietica. Por ultimo, en 1962, se instalo un circuito de trabajo de indio-galio-estano en el reactor IRT de la Academia de Ciencias de la Republica Socialista Sovietica de Latvia para efectuar irradiaciones en escala semiindustrial. La actividad maxima en el irradiador equivale a 30 000 g de Ra. La memoria consta de las siguientes partes: 1. ''Calculo de los circuitos de irradiacion''; en esta parte se resena la labor realizada en materia de metodos de calculo de los circuitos de irradiacion. 2. ''Modelo de un circuito de irradiacion deindio-galiodelreactor IRT de Tbilisi''; se describe el funcionamiento de este circuito. 3. ''Circuito de irradiacion de indio-galio-estano del reactor IRT de la Academia de Ciencias de la Republica Socialista Sovietica de Latvia'' ; se describe el funcionamiento de este circuito. 4. ''Perspectivas de desarrollo de los circuitos de irradiacion''; se describen los experimentos y circuitos y se presentan calculos que sugieren la posibilidad de construir circuitos de manganeso solido y circuitos con aleaciones liquidas de indio. (author) [Russian] Nachinaya s 1957 g. v SSSR provodilis' raboty po izucheniyu radiatsionnykh konturov. Byli razrabotany metody rascheta takikh sistem, izucheny vozmozhnosti razlichnykh gamma-nositelej. Vnachale byli

  3. Business Model Canvas & Elevator pitch : 29-10-2013

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eelco Bakker

    2013-01-01

    Presentatie bij de Workshop Business Model Canvas: de bouwstenen en het gebouw van de onderneming - workshopprogramma ViB050. In het kader van het programma Teach the Teacher. Gehouden op 29-10-2013..

  4. Realisation of a small-scale hydro-power plant between two drinking water reservoirs in the municipality of Vira Gambarogno - Feasibility study; Realizzazione di una microcentrale idroelettrica sulla condotta di adduzione tra il serbatoio Monti di Fosano e il serbatoio Fosano. Programma piccole centrali idrauliche. Studio di fattibilita

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mutti, M.

    2009-02-15

    This report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) takes a look at a project for the realisation of a small hydro-power plant on the drinking water supply in the municipality of Vira Gambarogno, southern Switzerland. The old conduit connecting two drinking water reservoirs has to be replaced. The elevation difference of 260 m is favorable to the installation of a turbine near the lower reservoir. The report presents details on the hydrological data and the dimensioning of the installation. Several variants are considered, which also include the possible reconstruction of the lower reservoir and/or an increased water flow rate from the springs. The electricity production expected is discussed, as is the economic viability of the project.

  5. United Kingdom Food Irradiation Programme - Wholesomeness Aspects; Programme du Royaume-Uni Relatif a l'Irradiation des Aliments: Comestibilite; Programma oblucheniya pishchevykh produktov v soedinennom korolevstve - problemy sokhraneniya vkusovykh i pitatel'nykh kachestv; Programa del Reino Unido Relativo a la Irradiacion de Alimentos: El Problema de la Comestibitidad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hickman, J. R. [Wantage Research Laboratory (A.E.R.E.), Wantage, Berks. (United Kingdom)

    1966-11-15

    Tests for wholesomeness carried out in the United Kingdom as a part of the food irradiation programme are described. Both short-term animal feeding studies in rats, chickens and pigs, and long-term studies in rats and mice, have failed to demonstrate any adverse effects attributable to the consumption of irradiated food by the animals. The animal feeding tests have been designed with specific irradiation processes in mind, and all of these processes have involved the use of low, or moderate radiation doses. Thus, grain treated with 20 000 and 200.000 rad gamma radiation, and frozen egg (irradiated-to kill Salmonellae) treated with 0.5 and 1.0 Mrad have been tested by feeding to animals. Ham, irradiated with 250 000 rad to prolong its shelf life, has been tested, and also ham irradiated with 2 Mrad. Currently long-term studies are in progress to investigate the wholesomeness of fish treated with 0.6 Mrad (the maximum dose likely to be used to provide extended refrigerated (0 Degree-Sign - 4 Degree-Sign C) storage life). Short-term tests- have also been undertaken with potatoes (10000 rad) and horse flesh (0.65 Mrad). The nutritional quality of irradiated grain, egg, fish and some animal' feedings-stuffs has been investigated, using microbiological assay techniques. Losses in the B vitamins have been, found comparable with those reported by workers in the United States and are of the same order,of magnitude as losses occurring on heating, although differences were observed in the sensitivity of individual vitamins towards heat and irradiation. The losses in B vitamins occurring on irradiation and cpoking were found to be additive. No effects on the nutritional value of protein have been found. In 1962 the United Kingdom Ministry of Health set up a Working Party to review the effects of irradiation on food, and to report on the necessity-for official control. The report-pf the working party published in 1964, is discussed in relation to the wholesomeness tests carried out in the United-Kingdom. (author) [French] L'auteur decrit des examens de la comestibilite effectues au Royaume-Uni au titre du programme d'irradiation de produits alimentaires. Des etudes a court terme sur des rats, des poulets et des porcs, et des etudes a long terme sur des'rats et des souris n'ont permisse deceler aucun effet nuisible attribuable a la consommation par ces animaux.de nourritures irradiees. Les essais d'alimentation des animaux ont ete concus compte tenu de certains procedes,precis d'irradiation qui tous comportaient l'utilisation de doses d'irradiation faibles ou moderees. C'est ainsi que des. cereales traitees aux rayons gamma a 20 000.et 200 000 rad et des oeufs congeles (irradies pour detruire Salmonellae) traites a 0, 5 et 1 Mrad ont ete essayes. L'auteur a fait des essais avec du jambon irradie a 250 000 rad pour prolonger la duree de conservation et avec du jambon irradie a 2 Mrad. On procede, actuellement a des etudes a long terme, sur la comestibilite du poisson traite a 0,6.Mrad (dose maximale qui sera probablement utilisee pour augmenter la duree de conservation en refrigerateur (0 Degree-Sign / 4 Degree-Sign C)). L'auteur a egalement entrepris des essais a court terme sur les pommes de terre (10 000 rad) et la viande de cheval (0,65 Mrad). L'auteur a fait des recherches sur la qualite nutritive des cereales, des oeufs et.du poisson irradies et sur.quelques aliments pour animaux egalement irradies en reecurant a des procedes d'analyse microbiolo- gique. Il a constate que les pertes en vitamines B sont comparables a celles qu'ont indiquees des chercheurs des Etats-Unis et sont du meme ordre de grandeur que les pertes dues au traitement thermique bien que des differences aient ete observees dans la sensibilite de certaines vitamines a la chaleur et.aux rayonnements. Il a en outre constate que les pertes en vitamines B dues a l'irradiation et celles qui sont dues a la cuisson s'ajoutent. Il n'a constate aucun effet sur la valeur nutritive des proteines. En 1962, le Ministere de la sante publique du Royaume-Uni a cree un groupe de travail charge d'examiner les effets des rayonnements sur les produits alimentaires et de faire un rapport sur la necessite d'un controle officiel. L'auteur examine le rapport du groupe de travail, publie en 1964, en tenant compte ' des essais de comestibilite effectues au Royaume-Uni. (author) [Spanish] En la memoria se describen las pruebas de comestibilidad realizadas en el Reino. Unido como parte del programa de irradiacion de alimentos. Se han efectuado estudios a corto plazo con ratas, pollos y cerdos, y a largo plazo con ratas y ratones, y no se han observado efectos perniciosos que puedan atribuirse al consumo de alimentos irradiados por dichos animales. Estas pruebas se efectuaron pensando en procesos especificos de irradiacion con dosis bajas o moderadas. Se utilizaron, en efecto, cereales sometidos a 20 000 y 200 000 rad de rayos gamma y huevos congelados, irradiados con 0,5 y 1,0 Mrad para eliminar las Salmonellae. Ademas se han realizado pruebas con jamon tratado con dosis de 250 000 rad, para prolongar su periodo de almacenamiento, y con dosis de 2 Mrad. Se estan ejecutando estudios a largo plazo con el fin de investigar la comestibilidad del pescado tratado con 0,6 Mrad (la dosis maxima que probablemente se administrara para prolongar el periodo de almacenamiento en frigorifico (0 Degree-Sign -4 Degree-Sign C)). Tambien se han emprendido pruebas de corta duracion con patatas (10 000 rad) y carne de caballo (0,65 Mrad). Se han investigado, por analisis microbiologico, las.propiedades nutritivas de los cereales, los huevos, el pescado y algunos alimentos de consumo animal irradiados. Las perdidas de vitaminas B son analogas a las indicadas por investigadores de los Estados Unidos, y son del mismo orden de magnitud que las que ocasiona el tratamiento termico, aunque se ha observado que la sensibilidad d Inverted-Question-Mark determinadas vitaminas al calor y a la irradiacion es diferente. Las perdidas de vitaminas B producidas por irradiacion y cochura son acumulativas. No se ha observado efecto alguno en el valor nutritivo de las proteinas. En 1962, el Ministerio de Sanidad Publica del Reino Unido constituyo un Grupo de trabajo encargado de estudiar los efectos de las radiaciones en los alimentos y de presentar un informe sobre la necesidad de controles oficiales. En la memoria se examina el informe del Grupo de trabajo, publicado en 1964, en relacion con las pruebas de comestibilidad efectuadas en el Reino Unido. (author) [Russian] Daetsja opisanie ispytanij, provedennyh v Soedinennom Korolevstve, na sohranenie pishhevymi produktami vkusovyh i pitatel'nyh kachestv. Ispytanija velis' po programme obluchenija produktov pitanija. Kratkosrochnye issledovanija kormlenija krys, kur i svinej i dlitel'nye issledovanija kormlenija krys i myshej obluchennym kormom ne pokazali kakogo-libo vrednogo vlijanija jetogo korma na organizm. Opyty s kormleniem zhivotnyh byli prednaznacheny dlja vyjavlenija specificheskih processov obluchenija, i vse jeti processy ohvatyvajut ispol'zovanie nizkih ili umerennyh doz radiacii. Tak, zerno, obrabotannoe gamma-luchami dozoj v 20 000 i 200 000 rad, i zamorozhennye jajca (obluchennye dlja togo, chtoby ubit' salmonellae), obluchennye dozami 0,5 i 1,0 megarad, skarmlivali zhivotnym. Ispytyvalas' vetchina, obluchennaja dozoj 250 000 rad dlja prodl nija srokov ee hranenija, a takzhe vetchina, obluchennaja dozoj 2 megarada. V nastojashhee vremja provodjatsja dlitel'nye issledovanija po izucheniju voprosa sohranenija vkusovyh i pitatel'nyh kachestv ryby, obrabotannoj dozoj 0,6 megarada (maksimal'naja doza, kotoraja, verojatno, budet ispol'zovat'sja dlja obespechenija dlitel'nogo hranenija v zamorozhennom so- stojajii (0 Degree-Sign - 4 Degree-Sign C)). Kratkosrochnye opyty provedeny takzhe s kartofelem (10 00O rad) i koninoj (0,65 megarada). Pitatel'nye kachestva obluchennogo zerna, jaic, ryby i nekotoryh kormov dlja zhivotnyh issledovalis' s ispol'zovaniem mikrobiologicheskih metodov analiza. Kak ustanovleno, poteri vitamina V sravnimy s poterjami, o kotoryh soobshhaetsja issledovateljami v Soedinennyh Shtatah, oni ravny poterjam pri nagrevanii, hotja nabljudalis' razlichija v chuvstvitel'nosti otdel'nyh vitaminov k nagrevaniju i oblucheniju. Ustanovleno, chto poteri vitamina V pri obluchenii i varke dopolnjajut drug druga. Ne ustanovleno vlijanie obluchenija na pitatel'nye kachestva proteina. V 1962 godu Ministerstvo zdravoohranenija Soedinennogo Korolevstva sozdalo rabochuju gruppu dlja sostavlenija obzora vlijanija obluchenija na produkty pitanija i podgotovki doklada o neobhodimosti oficial'nogo kontrolja. Doklad jetoj gruppy, opublikovannyj v 1964 godu, rassmatrivaetsja v svjazi s provodimymi v Soedinennom Korolevstve ispytanijami otnositel'no sohranenija vkusovyh i pitatel'nyh kachestv pishhevyh produktov. (author)

  6. Feasibility of an individual surveillance program on contamination with direct measurement methods based on the criteria established in the ICRP publication 54; Fattibilita di un programma di sorveglianza individuale della contaminazione interna con metodi diretti sulla base dei criteri proposti nella pubblicacione 54 dell'ICRP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Melandri, C; Battisti, P [ENEA - Area Energia, Ambiente e Salute - Centro Ricerche Energia ' Ezio Clementel' - Bologna (Italy)

    1990-05-15

    If different methods of adequate sensitivity are available ICRP Publication 54, 'Individual Monitoring for Intakes-of Radionuclides by Workers: Design and Interpretations', recommends the use of direct measurements in individual monitoring for intakes of radionuclides. This report analyses the possibility to perform the different controls on the basis of the proposed Derived Reference Levels, respecting the accuracy requirement in evaluation of individual intake and dose. Therefore, general operative criteria are defined by analysing the potentialities and limitations of the different Whole Body Counters utilizable for the measurement with regard to the chemical, physical and metabolic characteristics of some radionuclides of particular interest in Radiation Protection. These criteria are useful for monitoring planning wherever a radiocontamination risk is possible. (author)

  7. The physics design of EBR-II; Physique du reacteur EBR-II; Fizicheskij raschet ehksperimental'nogo reaktora - razmnozhitelya EVR-II; Aspectos fisicos del reactor EBR-II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loewenstein, W. B. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (United States)

    1962-03-15

    hexagonal del reactor los datos obtenidos en geometrias simples idealizadas, analiticas o experimentales. Se compara el rendimiento nuclear, incluso el de reproduccion, del reactor real con el del modelo teorico y se describen las variaciones a largo plazo de la reactividad y de la generacion de energia en la envoltura fertil, refiriendolas a los ciclos propuestos para el combustible y la envoltura fertil. La memoria formula consideraciones sobre la seguridad estudiando en particular la introduccion de indices de reactividad normales y anormales y la consecuencia de supuestos efectos de reactividad, que se basan en el comportamiento fisico de la aleacion combustible y de la estructura del reactor, asi como en la extrapolacion al sistema del EBR-II de los experimentos realizados con el conjunto TREAT. Por ultimo, examina el problema de la fusion del cuerpo del reactor EBR-II. (author) [Russian] Vychisleniya statisticheskogo, dinamicheskogo i dlitel'nogo rezhima reaktivnosti ehksperimental'nog o reaktora-razmnozhitel ya EBR-II dayutsya sovmestno s rezul'tatami i analizom ehksperimentov na reaktore EBR-II po dostizheniyu kritichnosti v sukhom sostoyanii i otdel'nykh ehksperimentov na reaktore ZPR-III. Osoboe vnimanie udelyaetsya problemam fizicheskogo rascheta reaktora, kotorye voznikayut posle opredeleniya printsipial'noj skhemy i do sooruzheniya ili vvoda reaktora v ehkspluatatsiyu. Opisyvayutsya analiz bezopasnosti reaktora i soobrazheniya po otsenke opasnostej, a takzheikh vliyanie na raschet reaktora. V doklade opisyvaetsya sposob ispol'zovaniya modeli EBR-II na osnovanii poluchennykh na reaktore ZPR-III dannykh, a takzhe dannykh sukhoj kritichnosti reaktora EBR-II. EHti ehksperimenty, ikh analiz i teoreticheskie vykladki yavlyayutsya osnovoj dlya opredeleniya fizicheskogo povedeniya reaktornoj sistemy. Bolee podrobno issleduyutsya ogranicheniya, prisushchie primeneniyu ehksperimental'nykh dannykh k rassmatrivaemo j ehnergeticheskoj reaktornoj sisteme. Syuda otnosyatsya

  8. Programmēšanas spēle "PyDrone"

    OpenAIRE

    Siliņš, Viesturs

    2010-01-01

    Darbā “Programmēšanas spēle “PyDrone”” ir dokumentēta atvērtā koda programmas PyDrone izstrāde. PyDrone ir programmēšanas spēle, kas paredzēta izklaidei un izglītošanai, spēles veidā iepazīstinot cilvēkus ar programmēšanu. Programma izstrādāta, izmantojot Python programmēšanas valodu. Programma izstrādāta, izmantojot spējo metodiku programmizstrādes principus. Atslēgvārdi: Python, spējās metodikas, programmēšanas spēle.

  9. Shippingport Atomic Power Station Operating Experience, Developments and Future Plans; La centrale nucleaire de Shippingport, experience de son fonctionnement et plans pour l'avenir; Shippingportskaya atomnaya ehlektrostantsij, opyt ehkspluatatsii, usovershenstvovaniya i plany na budushchee; Central nucleoelectrica de Shippingport; experiencia adquirida con su explotacton y programa de desarrollo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feinroth, H. [Division of Reactor Development, United States Atomic Energy Commission, Washington, DC (United States); Oldham, G. M. [Shippingport Atomic Power Station, Duquesne Light Company, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Stiefel, J. T. [Bettis Atomic Power.Labora Tory, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    1963-10-15

    'mennykh administrativnykh instruktsij, rukovodstv po ehnergeticheskoj ustanovke i t.d., chto yavilos' ochen' vazhnym faktorom v uspeshnom osushchestvlenii programmy ispytanij SHippingportskoj ehlektrostantsii. Rezul'taty ispytanij khorosho sovpadayut s raschetnymi dannymi. Rassmatrivayutsya rabota aktivnoj zony reaktora, stabil'nost' ustanovki, chuvstvitel'nost' k izmeneniyam nagruzki, rabota toplivnykh ehlementov i reguliruyushchikh sterzhnej, povyshenie takikh dlitel'nykh ehffektov, kak korroziya i intensivnost' izlucheniya, rabota komponentov i t.d. Rassmatrivaetsya osnovnaya tsel' tekushchej i budushchej programm Shippingportskogo proekta v otnoshenii usovershenstvovaniya osnovnoj tekhnologii reaktorov s vodyanym okhlazhdeniem. Ehta programma vklyuchaet prodolzhenie ehkspluatatsii Shippingportskoj ustanovki, razrabotku, konstruirovanie, izgotovlenie i opytnuyu ehkspluatatsiyu vtoroj aktivnoj zony (aktivnaya zona 2), imeyushchej dlitel'nyj srok sluzhby i vysokuyu plotnost' ehnergovydeleniya. Imeya proektnuyu ehlektricheskuyu moshchnost' brutto 150 mgvt i prodolzhitel'nost' sluzhby pervoj zapal'noj sborki 10 tys. chasov raboty na polnoj moshchnosti, aktivnaya zona 2 budet v pyat' s polovinoj raz moshchnee aktivnoj zony 1 i obladat' v dva raza bol'shej plotnost'yu ehnergovydeleniya, chem poslednyaya. Daetsya opisanie konstruktsii aktivnoj zony 2 i svyazannykh s nej osnovnykh usovershenstvovanij v fizike reaktora, metallurgii, teploperedache, podache teplonositelya i izgotovlenii toplivnykh ehlementov. Izlozheny plany v otnoshenii dezaktivatsii reaktornoj ustanovki i osushchestvleniya ee modifikatsii v svyazi s ustanovkoj bolee moshchnoj aktivnoj zony 2. (author)

  10. Bibliographic Index of Soviet Military Books, 1960-1969.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-10-17

    V.N. Territorial System of Military Structuring. (Territorial’naya Sistema Voyennogo Stroitel’stva) From organizational activities of the Party in...Iz Opyta Politicheskoy Raboty v Sovetskoy Armii) In English. In French. Moscow, Progress, 1965. 111p. 7700 24k. 65-04858 S1437. Companion of the...Territoria].’naya Sistema Tulegen Toktarov S2076 Voyennogo ... S0513 Tulyaki - Geroi Sovetskogo Soyuza - Tikhookeanskiy Flot S2722 S1148 Tiry i Stre

  11. Identification of genes involved in the regulation of programmed cell death in Arabidopsis thaliana : a functional genomics approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gechev, Tsanko

    2007-01-01

    Geprogrammeerde celdood, in dieren zowel als in planten, is een genetisch gecontroleerd programma waarin cellen die niet meer nodig zijn, zichzelf vernietigen. Hoewel paradoxaal, is dit type celdood essentieel voor het leven en vindt plaats tijdens de ontwikkeling, maar ook als antwoord op

  12. Wieden zonder handwerk : wat mogen we van de onkruidrobot verwachten?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lokhorst, C.; Achten, V.T.J.M.; Bakker, T.; Goense, D.; Vermeulen, G.D.

    2003-01-01

    IMAG en WUR werken aan de ontwikkeling van een wiedrobot die geschikt is voor de Nederlandse omstandigheden en die het benodigde aantal uren handwieden in de biologische vollegrondsteelten kan helpen verminderen. Inmiddels is een programma van eisen geformuleerd en is onderzoek gestart naar de

  13. Relatie tussen ITS, weerstand tegen vervorming en de mengsels samenstelling : Gebruik van de MEPDG relaties voor Nederlandse mengsels uit NL-LAB

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erkens, Sandra; Kasbergen, C.; Villani, M.M.; Scarpas, Athanasios; Florio, E.; Berti, C.

    2014-01-01

    Sinds 2008 werken we in Nederland met functionele eigenschappen voor asfalt
    beton. Hierbij wordt niet zo zeer op het “recept” van het asfalt gestuurd, als
    wel op de eigenschappen ervan die van belang zijn voor het gedrag in de weg.
    Binnen het NL-LAB programma wordt de relatie tussen deze

  14. Handleiding MEBOT onderwijs 2.03 : MEBOT onderwijs 2.0 : milieutechnisch, economisch bedrijfsmodel open teelten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendriks, V.J.C.; Reeuwijk, van P.

    2010-01-01

    In deze handleiding staat informatie over het installeren van MEBOT en een algemene uitleg van het programma. Daarnaast staat hierin informatie over het invoeren van gegevens in MEBOT en hoe rapportages gemaakt kunnen worden. Het Milieutechnisch, Economie Bedrijfsmodel Open Teelten (MEBOT) is

  15. Inzicht in de netwerken op Facebook : Fanpages Analyse van Facebook Fanpages met behulp van de netwerkanalysetool NodeXL

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sanne Gaastra; Sonja Utz

    2013-01-01

    Hoe analyseer je het netwerk van fans op je Facebookpagina? En wat zegt dat over de kracht van posts en actoren. In dit whitepaper zetten we uiteen hoe je het gratis programma NodeXL een visuele analyse van je pagina kunt maken. Interessant voor organisaties. Met deze kennis kun je immers gericht

  16. Bat 1: Estimate of bat populations at the southern North Sea

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lagerveld, S.; Limpens, H.J.G.A.; Schillemans, M.J.; Scholl, M.

    2017-01-01

    To close the knowledge gap described above, or better said in order to make a start to overcome this crucial lack of insight into (sub)population sizes, RWS commissioned the Bats_1 study as part of the Wind op Zee Ecological Programma (Wozep; in English: Wind at Sea Ecological Programme), a

  17. Tunnelvisie op tunnelvisie? PVO en de spanning tussen voorzorg en daadkracht in de grootschalige opsporing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Helsloot, I.; Groenendaal, J.

    2013-01-01

    In dit artikel onderzoeken we de betekenis van het Nederlandse landelijke Programma Versterking Opsporing (PVO) voor het kunnen onderkennen van tunnelvisie en andere procesaspecten tijdens het opsporingsproces door Teams Grootschalige Opsporing (TGO’s). Hiertoe hebben we het PVO-beleid geanalyseerd,

  18. Enterovirus surveillance in the Netherlands 1996-1998: Indications for the absence of wild poliovirus circulation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Avoort HGAM; Ras A; Dorigo-Zetsma JW; LIS

    1999-01-01

    Vaccinatie, surveillance and certificering vormen de hoekstenen van het WHO polio eradicatie programma dat wereldwijde eradicatie van de ziekte poliomyelitis en de verwekkers ervan, de wilde poliovirussen, in het jaar 2000 beoogt. Certificering van regio's als poliovrije zones kan enkel worden

  19. GENSEN: a program for generalized sensitivity analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen PHM; CWM

    1995-01-01

    De release-versie 1.0 van het programma GENSEN wordt gepresenteerd, tezamen met instructies en richtlijnen voor installatie en gebruik van de software. GENSEN voert een gegeneraliseerde gevoeligheidsanalyse uit door berekening van de discrepantie tussen acceptabele en niet-acceptabele

  20. RORASC: Software for the rotated-random-scan calibration procedure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen PHM; CWM

    1995-01-01

    De release-versie 1.0 van het programma RORASC wordt gepresenteerd, tezamen met instructies en richtlijnen voor installatie en gebruik van de software. RORASC speelt een essentiele rol bij de 'rotated-random-scan' methode voor modelkalibratie. De software is geschreven in standaard

  1. Onderzoek crowdfunding

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Boer, Alwin; Froma, Terence; Verheul, Maarten

    2013-01-01

    Eindrapport van het Honourstalent-programma van de Hanzehogeschool Groningen. Het onderzoek beschrijft de beweegredenen en risico’s van crowdfunding bij het MKB. Door meerdere oorzaken zoals Bazel III zijn bedrijven op zoek naar alternatieve financieringsvormen. Crowdfunding is hier één van. In

  2. Verslag kennisbijeenkomst ‘crowdfunding voor eventmanagers’

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Slender, Hans

    2014-01-01

    Woensdag 22 oktober organiseerden Mieke Zijl (namens KennisCentrum Events Drenthe) en Hans Slender (namens Sportplein Groningen) gezamenlijk een kennisbijeenkomst over crowdfunding voor sportevenementen. Het programma vond plaats bij het TT Circuit in Assen en werd verzorgt door crowdfuncing expert

  3. Euro NCAP : een veiligheidsinstrument.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2007-01-01

    Het programma Euro NCAP test sinds 1996 de (bots)veiligheid van de meest gangbare personen-auto’s. Het feit dat de testresultaten bekend zijn bij de consumenten stimuleert de autofabrikanten om personenauto’s produceren die veelal veiliger zijn dan wettelijk is vereist. Euro NCAP test de

  4. Izmaksu sistēmas integrācija Openstack mākoņu sistēmā

    OpenAIRE

    Andruškeviča, Eleonora

    2015-01-01

    Izmaksu sistēma ir programma priekš OpenStack atvērta pirmkoda mākoņu sistēmai, kas ir uzrakstīta ar Python programmēšanās valodas palīdzību. Programmas izstrādes nolūks ir paplašināt OpenStack platformu ar precīzu izmaksu radītājiem. Sistēma ir domāta tikai OpenStack lietotājiem. Izmaksu programma dod iespēju lietotājam zināt, cik viņām būtu jāmaksā par patērētiem resursiem konkrētajos periodos, ja OpenStack būtu par maksu. Rezultātā tika iegūta programma, kas dabū virtuālu mašīnu st...

  5. Six Sigma: blauwdruk voor de kenniseconomie.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Does, R.J.M.M.; de Mast, J.

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Six Sigma is zo langzamerhand een niet weg te denken programma voor kwaliteits- en efficiencyverbeteringen. Het heeft met name voor enorme successen gezorgd in productiebedrijven. Six Sigma ligt ook onder vuur: het zou een trend zijn die voorbij gaat. De auteurs van dit artikel zijn het van

  6. Six Sigma als blauwdruk voor de kenniseconomie.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Mast, J.; Does, R.J.M.M.

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Six Sigma is zo langzamerhand een niet weg te denken programma voor kwaliteits- en efficiencyverbeteringen. Het heeft met name voor enorme successen gezorgd in productiebedrijven. Six Sigma ligt ook onder vuur: het zou een trend zijn die voorbij gaat. De auteurs van dit artikel zijn het van

  7. Vrijwillig kinderloze vrouwen : verkenningen rond een keuze

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bandt, den M.L.

    1982-01-01

    This research on voluntarily childless married women was carried out by the direction of the "Netionaal Programma Demografisch Onderzoek (NPDO) (National Program for Demographic Research). To all appearances, the percentage of voluntarily childless married couples is increasing in various western

  8. Preventive rehabilitation in patients treated with chemoradiation for advanced head and neck cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Molen, L.

    2011-01-01

    Lisette van der Molen onderzocht twee preventieve slik- en kauwrevalidatiemethoden. Ze deed dit bij patiënten met een kwaadaardige tumor in het hoofd-halsgebied die worden behandeld met chemotherapie en bestraling. Een intensief programma van slik- en kauwspieroefeningen is goed uitvoerbaar en de

  9. Grand Challenges Learning Analytics and Open Online Onderwijs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Manderveld, Jocelyn; Berg, Alan; Schuwer, Robert; Drachsler, Hendrik

    2018-01-01

    Als onderdeel van het programma voor open en online onderwijs werkt SURF samen met de hogescholen en universiteiten aan kennisontwikkeling op allerlei thema’s. Deze uitgave is een eerste verkenning van de mogelijkheden om learning analytics in te zetten bij open en online onderwijs en de uitdagingen

  10. Positive educative programme : A whole school approach to supporting children’s well-being and creating a positive school climate: a pilot study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elfrink, Teuntje R.; Goldberg, Jochem M.; Schreurs, Karlein M.G.; Bohlmeijer, Ernst T.; Clarke, Aleisha M.

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report on a process and impact evaluation of the Positief Educatief Programma (Positive Education Programme (PEP)), a whole school approach to supporting children’s well-being and creating a positive school climate in primary schools in the Netherlands. PEP

  11. The national immunisation programme in the Netherlands: current status and potential future developments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abbink F; Al MJ; Berbers GAM; van Binnendijk RS; Boot HJ; van Duynhoven YTHP; van Gageldonk-Lafeber AB; de Greeff SC; Kimman TG; Meijer LA; Mooi FR; van Oosten M; van der Plas SM; Schouls LM; van Soolingen D; Vermeer-de Bondt PE; van Vliet JA; de Melker HE; Hahne SJM; de Boer IM; CIE

    2005-01-01

    Het Rijksvaccinatieprogramma in Nederland is zeer effectief en veilig. Om het succes en de effectiviteit van het vaccinatieprogramma te vergroten, is vaccinatie van andere (leeftijds)groepen aan te bevelen. Uitbreiding van het programma met nieuwe doelziekten kan voor een aantal ziekten

  12. Huiskatten in natuurgebieden : kan TNR hybridisatie met de Wilde kat voorkomen?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lammertsma, D.R.; Janssen, R.; Hout, van der J.; Jansman, H.A.H.

    2011-01-01

    De Wilde kat keert weer terug in Nederland. Een bedreiging daarbij is hybridisatie met verwilderde huiskatten. De provincie Limburg heeft Alterra verzocht om te onderzoeken in hoeverre het TNR-programma van de Dierenbescherming (TNR: trap-neuter-return, vangen-steriliseren-terugplaatsen) een

  13. Learning Networks: connecting people, organizations, autonomous agents and learning resources to establish the emergence of effective lifelong learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koper, Rob; Sloep, Peter

    2003-01-01

    Koper, E.J.R., Sloep, P.B. (2002) Learning Networks connecting people, organizations, autonomous agents and learning resources to establish the emergence of effective lifelong learning. RTD Programma into Learning Technologies 2003-2008. More is different… Heerlen, Nederland: Open Universiteit

  14. Jong wonen: de gewoonste zaak van de wereld?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schnabel, P.; Kullberg, J.

    2006-01-01

    Als het om wonen gaat, denken we vaak in stereotype beelden. Ook bij het plannen en ontwikkelen van wijken lijken we weinig rekening to houden met de belevingswereld van de individuele mens. We gaan uit van concrete parameters als programma's, doelgroepen, budgetten en dichtheden. We spreken over

  15. Nazi Soundscapes : Sound, Technology and Urban Space in Germany, 1933-1945

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Birdsall, Carolyn

    2012-01-01

    Na de formatie van de NSDAP in de jaren '20 werden verschillende vormen van geluid (stem, ruis, stilte, populaire muziek) en mediatechnologieën (radio- en luidsprekersystemen) ingezet voor hun politieke programma. Vanuit de historisch invalshoek van het stedelijke 'soundscape' van Düsseldorf,

  16. apprendere una lingua straniera: tempo e spazio nella cultura italiana

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    partecipazione al programma Erasmus/Socrates, 1 che prevede programmi integrati di insegnamento tra le Università partecipanti e un sistema di riconoscimento reciproco delle attività svolte attraverso l'assegnazione di crediti. Dall'altra, hanno il compito di coordinare maggiormente la formazione universitaria in relazione ...

  17. Domotica in Noord Brabant in opmars (1)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mohammadi, M.

    2011-01-01

    In twee artikelen bespreekt dr. Ir. Masi Mohammadi aan de hand van een van de projecten van het Slimme Zorg Programma van de provincie Noord Brabant (onderzoeks)resultaten met betrekking tot de toegepaste technologie, effecten voor eindgebruikers en ervaringen van samenwerkende projectpartners. In

  18. NORFACE Research Programme on Migration. Migration in Europe: Social, Economic, Cultural, and Policy Dynamics, 2009-2014. Summary Report

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Caarls, K.

    2016-01-01

    Naar aanleiding van een verzoek van Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO) om de uitkomsten van het NORFACE programma samen te vatten is een rapport geschreven. T.b.v. onder meer een bijeenkomst van de Europese Unie over wat te doen in de toekomst n.a.v. de resultaten.

  19. Hoornloze koeien in aantocht

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Windig, J.J.

    2009-01-01

    Hoornloosheid komt bij enkele koeienrassen voor. Om het in de huidige melkkoe in te fokken, zou een fokprogramma hulp kunnen bieden. De veehouderij vindt gebruik van zo'n programma prima, de gemiddelde burger is daar wat terughoudender in en ook meer verdeeld.

  20. Positive educative programme : A whole school approach to supporting children’s well-being and creating a positive school climate: a pilot study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elfrink, Teuntje R.; Goldberg, Jochem M.; Schreurs, Karlein M.G.; Bohlmeijer, Ernst T.; Clarke, Aleisha M.

    2017-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to report on a process and impact evaluation of the Positief Educatief Programma (Positive Education Programme (PEP)), a whole school approach to supporting children’s well-being and creating a positive school climate in primary schools in the Netherlands. PEP

  1. '"Crazy Mina" guerrillas hit Holland." Transfer van Dolle Mina's ludieke acties' van en naar de VS (1968-1970)'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geerlings, A.J.M.

    2014-01-01

    Zaterdagavond 24 januari 1970, kwart over negen ’s avonds. Het tv-programma Brandpunt zond een item uit over actiegroep Dolle Mina. Jonge meiden die opriepen tot een kookstaking, die mannen nafloten op straat en een korset verbrandden. Vier miljoen mensen zaten die avond aan de buis gekluisterd en

  2. Diadrome vissen in de Waddenzee: Monitoring bij Kornwerderzand 2000 - 2005

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tulp, I.Y.M.; Boois, de I.J.; Willigen, van J.A.; Westerink, H.J.

    2006-01-01

    Sinds 2000 wordt een monitoringprogramma van zeldzame diadrome vis aan de Waddenzeezijde van de Afsluitdijk uitgevoerd. Het doel van het programma is om trends en ontwikkelingen in de zeldzame diadrome vissoorten (fint, houting, grote marene, rivierprik, zeeprik, zalm en zeeforel) aan de zoute kant

  3. Zeldzame vissen in het IJsselmeergebied : Jaarrapport 2006

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leijzer, T.B.; Boois, de I.J.; Willigen, van J.A.; Westerink, H.J.

    2007-01-01

    In opdracht van Rijkswaterstaat, Directie IJsselmeergebied, is in 1994 een monitoringsprogramma gestart waarin zeldzame vissoorten in het IJsselmeergebied bemonsterd worden. In dit programma wordt door opkoop van binnen de commerciële visserij gevangen migrerende vissoorten een indruk verkregen van

  4. Zeldzame vissen in het IJsselmeergebied Jaarrapport 2005

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leeuw, de J.J.; Tulp, I.Y.M.; Boois, de I.J.; Willigen, van J.A.; Westerink, H.J.

    2007-01-01

    In opdracht van RWS, Directie IJsselmeergebied is in 1994 een monitoringprogramma gestart waarin zeldzame vissoorten bemonsterd worden. In dit programma wordt door opkoop van binnen de commerciële visserij gevangen migrerende vissoorten een indruk verkregen van aanwezigheid van zeldzame soorten.

  5. Diadrome vissen in de Waddenzee: monitoring bij Kornwerderzand 2000-2006

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tulp, I.Y.M.; Boois, de I.J.; Willigen, van J.A.; Westerink, H.J.

    2007-01-01

    Sinds 2000 wordt een monitoringprogramma van zeldzame diadrome vis aan de Waddenzeezijde van de Afsluitdijk uitgevoerd. Het doel van het programma is om trends en ontwikkelingen in de zeldzame diadrome vissoorten (fint, houting, grote marene, rivierprik, zeeprik, zalm en zeeforel) aan de zoute kant

  6. Diadrome vissen in de Waddenzee: Monitoring bij Kornwerderzand 2000-2007

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tulp, I.Y.M.; Boois, de I.J.; Willigen, van J.A.; Westerink, H.J.

    2008-01-01

    Sinds 2000 wordt een monitoringprogramma van zeldzame diadrome vis aan de Waddenzeezijde van de Afsluitdijk uitgevoerd. Het doel van het programma is om trends en ontwikkelingen in de zeldzame diadrome vissoorten (fint, houting, grote marene, rivierprik, zeeprik, zalm en zeeforel) aan de zoute kant

  7. Tropospheric Ozone Research: Monitoring and modelling of photo-oxidants over Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beck JP; Roemer MGM; Vosbeek MEJP; Builtjes PJH; RIVM-LLO; TNO-MEP; KEMA

    1996-01-01

    Het EUROTRAC-TOR programma is opgezet om chemische- en transportprocessen, die van belang zijn voor het optreden van foto-oxidantia in Europa te bestuderen. Kernvraag is: "welke rol spelen emissies in Europa en welke resultaten kunnen beleidsmatig maximaal behaald worden?". In het

  8. Long-term risks of inadequate management practices on the sustainability of agricultural soils

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vries, de W.; Groenenberg, J.E.; Murányi, A.; Curlík, J.; Sefcík, P.; Römkens, P.F.A.M.; Reinds, G.J.; Bril, J.; Modin, A.K.; Sverdrup, H.U.; Alloway, B.J.

    2003-01-01

    This report describes the major result of a research project funded by the INCO-Copernicus programma of European Commission under Contract number ERB-IC15-CT98-0133. The study focused on the long-term environmental risk of soil acidification on: (i) mobilisation and leaching and (ii) plant uptake of

  9. Ontwikkeling van enkele mosselbanken in de Nederlandse Waddenzee; situatie 2007

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fey-Hofstede, F.E.; Dankers, N.M.J.A.; Meijboom, A.; Leeuwen, van P.W.; Verdaat, J.P.; Jong, de M.L.; Heusinkveld, J.H.T.

    2008-01-01

    In het kader van naar de lange termijn ontwikkeling van mosselbanken en de factoren die het al dan niet het overleven van mosselbanken bepalen, worden door IMARES enkele individuele mosselbanken in detail bestudeerd. De inventarisaties worden ingebracht in het trilaterale monitoring programma (TMAP)

  10. Reisverslag van de boomkorsurvey (BTS) in 2012

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boois, de I.J.; Bol, R.A.

    2012-01-01

    In 2012 is de beam trawl survey (BTS) uitgevoerd met de Tridens II en de Isis in opdracht van het ministerie van EL&I. De survey is onderdeel van het EU Data Collectie Programma (DCF) en valt daarmee onder de wettelijke taken die binnen IMARES worden uitgevoerd. In dit rapport staan de

  11. De blinde vlek van Le Corbusier

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wallis De Vries, J.G.; Spaan, M.; Verstegen, T.

    2004-01-01

    Het programma van 'Tastenderwijs' formuleert een kritiek op de moderne architectuur. Het stelt vast dat de huidige architectonische cultuur wordt gedomineerd door theorieën en ideologieën die de gebouwde omgeving reduceren tot een technologisch universum. Dit wordt drievoudig omschreven als

  12. The Dutch CAFE baseline: In or out of line?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jimmink BA; Folkert RJM; Thomas R; Beck JP; van Eerdt MM; Elzenga HE; van der Hoek KW; Hoen A; Peek CJ; LED; KMD; NMD; LVM; RIM; LDL

    2004-01-01

    De Europese Commissie zet een strategie op voor de aanpak van luchtverontreiniging in het Clean Air for Europe (CAFE) programma. De strategie wordt gebaseerd op beoordelingen met het RAINS model van verschillende beleidsambities met het CAFE scenario en bestrijdingsstrategieen. Het Milieu- en

  13. Da Eros a Gaia

    CERN Document Server

    Dyson, Freeman

    1993-01-01

    L'emigrazione verso altri pianeti come mezzo di sopravvivenza umana, l'immagazzinaggio nello spazio delle scorie nucleari, un programma di rimboschimento per ripristinare l'equilibrio climatico, la bomba atomica, il comportamento delle tribù africane: sono alcuni dei temi affrontati dall'autore in questa raccolta di saggi, articoli, lezioni universitarie.

  14. Onderzoek crowdfunding

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maarten Verheul; Terence Froma; Alwin de Boer

    2014-01-01

    Eindrapport van het Honourstalent-programma van de Hanzehogeschool Groningen. Het onderzoek beschrijft de beweegredenen en risico’s van crowdfunding bij het MKB. Door meerdere oorzaken zoals Bazel III zijn bedrijven op zoek naar alternatieve financieringsvormen. Crowdfunding is hier één van. In

  15. Aspects of Reactor Physics Research at the Victoria University of Manchester; Quelques Aspects des Experiences de Physique des Reacteurs a l'Universite Victoria de Manchester; Aspekty ehksperimental'nykh issledovanij po fizike reaktorov v universitete viktorii v manchestere; Trabajos de Fisica Experimental con Reactores Efectuados en la Universidad Victoria de Manchester

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harris, M. J.; Walton, D. G. [Victoria University of Manchester (United Kingdom)

    1964-02-15

    ] Otdel jadernoj tehniki v Manchesterskom universitete sozdan v 1959 godu. Postepenno rasshirjajutsja issledovanija v aspiranture po fizike reaktorov. Osnovnoe vnimanie v jeksperimental'nyh issledovanijah so dnja sozdanija Otdela koncentriruetsja na sistemah na obychnoj vode i uskoritele, privodjashhem v dejstvie jeksponencial'nuju ustanovku prirodnyj uran -obychnaja voda. Daetsja obzor prodelannoj raboty, obsuzhdajutsja poluchennye rezul'taty, dajutsja nametki raboty v budushhem, opisyvajutsja razlichnye jeksperimental'nye metody, dajushhie jekonomiju v zatratah truda. Diffuzija nejtronov v obychnoj vode izuchalas' s pomoshh'ju impul'snyh i stacionarnyh istochnikov. Vo vremja provedenija pervyh iz upomjanutyh issledovanij osobyj upor delalsja na polnyj garmonicheskij analiz v takoj stepeni, chto fakticheski izuchalis' bolee vysokie formy v protivopolozhnost' samoj rannej rabote, kotoraja napravljalas' na ih ustranenie. Vtorye iz upomjanutyh issledovanij koncentrirujutsja na ustranenii vsjakogo vozdejstvija vvidu primenenija istochnika i detektora konechnyh razmerov, nalichija rezonansnoj aktivacii, vozmushhenija potoka i t.d. Obsuzhdajutsja i sravnivajutsja rezul'taty oboih issledovanij. Daetsja opisanie ochen' tshhatel'nyh izmerenij poperechnyh sechenij pogloshhenija impul'snym metodom s uchetom ustranenija garmonicheskih i drugih vozdejstvij, po-vidimomu, privodjashhih k vozniknoveniju oshibok: Spektry teplovyh nejtronov v ''otravlennoj'' obychnoj vode izmerjajutsja kak sredstvo dlja issledovanija i razvitija metoda integral'nogo detektora. Pri obsuzhdenii budut vkljucheny nekotorye interesnye momenty, svjazannye s jekonomiej vremeni i sredstv. Izucheny metody aktivacii bol'shih fol'g i metody scheta dlja izmerenija usrednennyh v prostranstve plotnostej nejtronov i takim obrazom rjada parametrov reaktora. Voznikli nekotorye interesnye momenty, v chastnosti v svjazi so spektral'nymi izmerenijami. Dannyj metod daet vozmozhnost' provodit' mnogie issledovanija v oblasti

  16. Handling and Separation of Short-Lived Radioisotopes from Research Reactors; Manipulation et Separation des Radioisotopes a Courte Periode Produits dans des Reacteurs de Recherche; ПОЛУЧЕНИЕ И ОТДЕЛЕНИЕ КОРОТКОЖИВУЩИХ ИЗОТОПОВ В ИССЛЕДОВАТЕЛЬСКИХ РЕАКТОРАХ; Manipulacion y Separacion de Radioisotopos de Periodo Corto Obtenidos en Reactores de Investigacion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meinke, W. W. [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

    1963-03-15

    iz-za udalennosti ot snabzhavshego reaktora chasto ogranichivalos' temi, kotorye imeet period poluraspada bol'she odnogo dnja. Jeto tormozilo issledovanija v oblasti proizvodstva i primenenija radioizotopov voobshhe i v to zhe vremja meshalo potrebitele tochno ocenit' vozmozhnosti mnogih korotkozhivushhih izotopov. V svjazi s nalichiem vo vsem mire issledovatel'skih reaktorov jeta zavisimost' ot mesta proizvodstva izotopov mozhet predstavljat' soboj izvestnuju trudnost', no v to zhe vremja ona daet vozmozhnost' provodit' rjad novyh jeksperimentov s korotkozhivushhimi izotopami. Dlja jetogo trebuetsja vplotnuju podojti k voprosam proizvodstva mechenyh atomov. Pochti v techenie pjati let programma raboty ka issledovatel'skom reaktore Michiganskogo universiteta vkljuchala obrabotku, pererabotku i izmerenie korotkozhivushhih izotopov. Obychno pol'zovalis' izotopami, prodolzhitel'nost' poluraspada kotoryh ravnjalas' chasam i dazhe minutam. Hotja v dannom sluchae glavnye usilija byli napravleny na issledovanija v oblasti aktivacionnogo analiza, ispol'zovavsheesja oborudovanie i metodika mogut byt' primeneny i dlja drugih issledovanij. Dlja poluchenija korotkozhivushhih izotopov ne objazatel'no imet' sovershennoe oborudovanie, bol'shie zapasy izotopov ili podderzhivat' trehsmennuju rabotu reaktora. Pri uverennom obrashhenii s prostymi manipuljatorami mozhno poluchit' luchshie rezul'taty, chem distancionnym upravleniem. Osnovoj sistemy, opisyvaemoj v doklade, javljaetsja prisposoblenie v vide pnevmaticheskoj truby, kotoraja dostavljaet obrazcy v vytjazhnoj kolpak laboratorii, primykajushhej k reaktoru, v techenie treh sekund posle obluchenija. Rastvorenie i bystroe otdelenie radiohimicheskim sposobom mozhet proizvodit'sja bez dal'nejshego peremeshhenija obrazca. Metody otdelenija, legko prisposablivaemye dlja kratkovremennoj shkaly (neskol'ko minut), vkljuchajut ne tol'ko selektivnuju jekstrakciju, anionnyj obmen i osazhdenie, no i takie novye metodiki, kak izotopnyj obmen i

  17. Non-Destructive Testing in Reactor Pressure-Vessel Fabrication; Essais non Destructifs dans la Fabrication des Caissons Etanches de Reacteurs; Nedestruktivnoe ispytanie pri izgotovlenii reaktornykh bakov vysokogo davleniya; Ensayo no Destructivo Durante la Fabricacion de Recipientes de Presion para Reactores

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McGonnagle, W. J. [Fluids Dynamics Research, Iit Research Institute, Chicago, IL (United States)

    1965-09-15

    las tecnicas especializadas propias del ensayo no destructivo de recipientes de presion y sus componentes. Se da una idea general de las normas y especificaciones pertinentes, tales como el Codigo de Calderas y Recipientes de Presion, de la American Society for Mechanical Engineers, y de otras organizaciones de supervision. Se analiza la manera en que el ensayo no destructivo puede contribuir a satisfacer las especificaciones y requerimientos de esas diversas organizaciones, y tambien la conveniencia y posibilidad de aplicar las normas usadas en tales casos. Se sugieren criterios realistas, pero apropiados, de aceptacion y rechazo. Se esboza un procedimiento que permitira y ayudara al personal dedicado a estos ensayos, a cumplir adecuadamente sus funciones en el momento apropiado del ciclo de fabricacion. Se discute la relacion existente entre el grupo de ensayos no destructivos y los demas grupos que intervienen en la fabricacion de los recipientes de presion. (author) [Russian] Cel' raboty zakljuchaetsja v tom, chtoby dat' kratkoe opisanie programmy kontrolja kachestva konstrukcii i izgotovlenija reaktornogo baka vysokogo davlenija, kotoryj udovletvorjaet vsem trebovanijam s tochki zrenija jadernogo processa i bezopasnosti jekspluatacii, a takzhe pokazat' znachenie nedestruktivnogo ispytanija v dostizhenii jetoj celi. Defekty materialov, komponentov i sborki pokazali, chto nashi nyneshnie metody izgotovlenija javljajutsja nedostatochnymi dlja obespechenija mnogokratnoj nadezhnosti kriticheskih komponentov. Treshhiny i neodnorodnost' v strukture materiala byvajut dazhe togda, kogda ispol'zujutsja nailuchshie processy i dolzhnym obrazom kontroliruemye metody i procedury. Neobhodima bolee sovershennaja kompleksnaja programma nedestruktivnyh ispytanij dlja togo, chtoby obespechit' takoj uroven' kachestva, kotoryj trebuetsja dlja reaktornogo baka vysokogo davlenija. Izgotoviteli takih bakov ispol'zujut sledujushhie metody nedestruktivnyh ispytanij: vizual

  18. Design Experience on a Multi-Mecacurie Radiation Facility; Etudes et experiences concernant un emetteur de rayonnements de plusieurs megacuries; Opytnoe proektirovani e ustanovki, obladayushchej sverkhmoshchnym izlucheniem; Estudios sobre el proyecto de un dispositivo de irradiacion de varios megacuries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brunton, D C; Donovan, J; Voyvodic, L [Curtiss-Wright Corporation, Princeton, NJ (United States); Armour Research Foundation, 10 W. 35th Street, Chicago 10, IL (United States)

    1960-07-15

    tipo placa. Los autores examinan los requisitos tecnicos en lo referente a los dispositivos de transporte de las sustancias en relacion con la estructura de la fuente y con sus efectos sobre el rendimiento. De igual modo estudian los metodos de manipulacion de la fuente, las sistemas de seguridad y los dispositivos de regulacion. Por ultimo, describen la preparacion de la sustancia radiactiva propiamente dicha, comprendida su medicion, introduccion en la capsula y prueba de estanqueidad. (author) [Russian] V dannom dokumente opisyvaetsya rabota po issledovaniyu i razrabotke proekta i stroitel'stva izluchatelya, kotoraya provodilas' v svyazi s proektom ''Vysokointensivnyj izluchatel' dlya pishchevykh produktov''. Obsuzhdaemye problemy yavlyayutsya obshchimi dlya vsekh bol'shikh i malogabaritnykh izluchatelej. Pervaya stadiya raboty po issledovaniyu i razrabotke proekta kasalas' uyasneniya roli diskovogo tipa izluchatelej, a takzhe vliyaniya izmenenij v parametrakh pri sooruzhenii takoj ustanovki. Vnachale sooruzhenie odnogo diskovogo izluchatelya bylo izucheno putem provedeniya teoreticheskogo ehksperimental'nogo i raschetnogo analizov. Izuchennye parametry kasalis' kolichestva iskhodnykh materialov, konkretnoj aktivnosti, tolshchiny istochnika i ego pokrytiya, plotnosti misheni i geometricheskikh faktorov, vklyuchaya vysotu, dlinu i shirinu istochnika, a takzhe razmer vozdushnogo promezhutka mezhdu istochnikom i mishen'yu. Bylo provedeno izuchenie voprosov stroitel'stva , kotorye kasalis' moshchnosti, vremeni prebyvaniya produktov v ustanovke, edinoobraziya dozy, ehffektivnosti i obshchej stoimosti. Byli razrabotany i provereny na opyte uproshchennye sposoby sooruzheniya izluchatelya. Byl razrabotan trekhrazmernyj printsip dlya primeneniya k stroitel'stvu izluchatelya tipa Monte Karlo. EHtot printsip primenyalsya v dannoj probleme s provedeniem sootvetstvuyushchikh ehksperimental'nykh izmerenij. Programma proektirovaniya izluchatelya byla rasshirena dlya vklyucheniya

  19. Market Initiatives for Clean Air Schools; Marktinitiatieven frisse scholen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Teeuwen, D. [Communication Concert, Weesp (Netherlands)

    2012-07-15

    Seven years ago, the Clean Air Schools Program was launched to encourage people to use less energy and improve the indoor environment. In 2012, the program Energy and Built Environment will no longer pay specific attention focused on school buildings. Therefore, the market needs to jump in. 'Market initiatives' refers to projects, products and services that contribute to the realization of Clean Air Schools and which are not initiated by the Dutch government [Dutch] Zeven jaar geleden is het Frisse Scholen Programma gestart om gemeenten en scholen te stimuleren om minder energie te gebruiken en het binnenmilieu te verbeteren. In 2012 biedt het programma Energie en Gebouwde Omgeving geen ruimte meer voor specifieke aandacht gericht op scholen. Daarom zal het stokje overgedragen moeten worden aan marktpartijen. Met 'marktinitiatieven' wordt gedoeld op projecten, producten en diensten die bijdragen aan de realisatie van Frisse Scholen en niet door de Rijksoverheid worden geinitieerd.

  20. How to adjust traffic management to air quality; Hoe kun je verkeersmanagement afstemmen op de kwaliteit van lucht?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cornelissen, T. [Rijkswaterstaat, Den Haag (Netherlands)

    2011-04-15

    Matrix boards are used to manage traffic speed on roads. The Dutch InnovatieProgramma Luchtkwaliteit IPL (Air Quality Innovation Programme ) has looked at the option of using matrix boards to improve the air quality along the highways. The IPL has also examined other temporary measures that can be deployed at times of peak concentrations of PM10 and/or NO2. [Dutch] Met matrixborden kan op wegen de snelheid worden geregeld. In het InnovatieProgramma Luchtkwaliteit (IPL) is gekeken of men de matrixborden ook kan inzetten om de luchtkwaliteit langs de snelweg te verbeteren. Door het IPL is ook gezocht naar andere tijdelijke maatregelen die je in kunt zetten op die momenten dat er een piek in de concentraties aan PM10 en/of NO2 optreedt.

  1. Worldwide Report, Telecommunications Policy, Research and Development, No. 258

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-28

    3379, December 1979. [20] F. Vatalaro: Caratteristiche di un filtro digitale dpplicato al sistema DME di precisione per MLS, F.U.B., Relazione 43...Spring 1980. [8] F. Chiarini, M. Gori: Possibilitä di miglioramento della precisione di un DME in banda L öfferta da u’n sistema di antenne a...Vecchio, G. Pedrini, F. Vatalaro: Rapporto sul programma per la determinazione delta forma d’onda impulsiva ottima per un sistema DME di precisione in

  2. Atlante project; Progetto atlante. Quadro di riferimento, analisi degli strumenti esistenti, implementazione metodologica e applicazione prototipale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baratozzi, L.; Cagnoli, P.; Filippi, N.; Gherardi, L.; Montaletti, V.; Poli, G.; Scarelli, M. [Regione Emilia Romagna, Assessorato Territorio, Programmazione e Ambiente, Servizio Paesaggio, Parchi e Patrimonio Naturale, Bologna (Italy); Basili, M.; Battista, A.; Colonna, R.; Del Cellio, R.; Forni, A.; Olivetti, I.; Regina, P.; Zarlenga, F. [ENEA, Divisione Caratterizzazione dell' Ambiente e del Territorio, Centro Ricerche della Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, RM (Italy)

    2001-07-01

    This paper presents the Atlante project a joint program of Emilia Romagna region and Italian ENEA based on the concept of substantiality and the most important methods and models used in the territorial planning. [Italian] La redazione del presente volume e' stata articolata in modo da bilanciare, da un lato l'esigenza di rispettare il programma di attivita' previsto nell'ambito della Convenzione fra Regione Emilia Romagna ed ENEA.

  3. Fostering an entrepreneurial mindset in upper secondary school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Gentile

    2014-08-01

    In questo articolo si descrive il modello di formazione all’EE definito nell’ambito del progetto europeo “Posso ... Non Posso ... Vado! Rev. 2”, finanziato dal programma Leonardo da Vinci – Transfer of Innovation (TOI, ed è fornita una prima valutazione qualitativa dell’attività di sperimentazione condotta con gli studenti del 4° anno di un Istituto Tecnico per il Turismo di Palermo.

  4. Teachers’ perceptions of individual performance-related pay in practice : A picture of a counterproductive pay system

    OpenAIRE

    Lundström, Ulf

    2012-01-01

    This article describes and discusses Swedish upper-secondary teachers’ perceptions of the effects of individual performance-related pay (PRP) in the context of educational restructuring and governance. The empirical data were generated through semi-structured interviews of 23 teachers. Power’s distinction between programmatic and technological elements of audit is used as a frame of reference for the problematization of the pay system. The findings demonstrate a wide gap between the programma...

  5. Vrijwillig kinderloze vrouwen : verkenningen rond een keuze

    OpenAIRE

    Bandt, den, M.L.

    1982-01-01

    This research on voluntarily childless married women was carried out by the direction of the "Netionaal Programma Demografisch Onderzoek (NPDO) (National Program for Demographic Research). To all appearances, the percentage of voluntarily childless married couples is increasing in various western countries, including the Netherlands. This makes this relatively new topic of research extra interesting.The problem-definition of the research was as follows:- Which factors influence the choice for...

  6. Inventarisatie van Functionele Gebruikerseisen voor een Geografisch Informatie Systeem (Plan of Action ’Survey of Functional Requirements for a Geographical Information System’)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-11-07

    draait op een SUN wcrkstation. Het research GIS systeem zal zijn gebaseerd op POSTGRES , een niet-commercidle nakomeling van INGRES ( POSTGRES is een...produkt van Berkeley University, Professor Stonebraker). POSTGRES kan zowel rechtstreeks als via applicatie-programma’s worden benaderd. De query- taal...is gebaseerd op POSTQUEL. Het geheel draait op een SUN werkstation. POSTGRES is gekozcn omdat dit DBMS vele voordelen biedt als research GIS, met

  7. Emissions inventories and options for control SUMMARY REPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Swart RJ; van Amstel AR; van den Born GJ; Kroeze C; MTV; LAE

    1994-01-01

    Dit is het eindrapport van het project "Maatschappelijke oorzaken broeikaseffect: emissie-inventarisaties en opties voor uitworpbeperking", gefinancierd door het Nationaal Onderzoek Programma Mondiale Luchtverontreiniging en Klimaatverandering en het Directoraat Milieuhygiene van het Ministerie van Volkshuisvesting, Ruimtelijke Ordening en Milieubeheer. In 1990 was er weinig bekend over de nationale uitworp van de niet-CO2 broeikasgassen en de oorzaken ervan. De doelstellingen van h...

  8. Aree Protette del Po e della Collina Torinese: studi propedeutici alla Candidatura MAB - Man and the Biosphere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cimnaghi Elisabetta

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Il programma MAB fu lanciato dall’UNESCO negli anni ’70 al fine di migliorare il rapporto tra uomo e ambiente. Negli anni il programma ha portato al riconoscimento di Riserve della Biosfera che gli Stati Membri si impegnano a gestire nella prospettiva della conservazione delle risorse. L’Organismo Gestore dell’Area Protetta, partendo, da un lato, dalla consapevolezza della ricchezza ambientale che caratterizza il suo territorio e, dall’altro, del contesto di sviluppo antropico elevato in cui essa è situata, ha riconosciuto nel programma MAB un’opportunità per incrementare le sue attività di protezione e potenziamento delle risorse. Questo articolo descrive i primi risultati ottenuti negli studi preliminari per la Designazione al MAB, con particolare attenzione sia alle opportunità di implementazione di progetti legati al marchio “Collina Po”, creato dall’Organo di Gestione del Parco, si ain termini di scambio di ‘best practices’ con altre Riserve di Biosfera.

  9. Long-term planning 'Energiesprong'. Update 2012; Meerjarenplan Energiesprong. Update 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-04-15

    The SEV program 'Energiesprong' ('Energy Leap') (SEV is the Dutch abbreviation for Steering Group Experimental Housing) aims to contribute substantially to the conditions under which the energy transition can be realized. This basic plan outlines how the market can realize an effective transition, which activities should be supported, set up and executed. The SEV program Energiesprong is commissioned by the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations (BZK). The program is derived from the Innovation Agenda for Energy in the Built Environment [Dutch] Het SEV-programma Energiesprong (SEV is Stuurgroep Experimenten Volkshuisvesting) beoogt een substantiele bijdrage te leveren aan de condities waaronder de energietransitie effectief tot stand kan komen. In dit basisplan wordt uiteengezet hoe de markt daartoe moet kunnen komen en welke activiteiten daarvoor worden ondersteund, opgezet en/of uitgevoerd vanuit Energiesprong. Het SEV-programma Energiesprong wordt in opdracht van het Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties (BZK) uitgevoerd. Het programma is afgeleid van de Innovatie Agenda energie Gebouwde Omgeving.

  10. Long-term planning 'Energiesprong'. Update 2012; Meerjarenplan Energiesprong. Update 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-04-15

    The SEV program 'Energiesprong' ('Energy Leap') (SEV is the Dutch abbreviation for Steering Group Experimental Housing) aims to contribute substantially to the conditions under which the energy transition can be realized. This basic plan outlines how the market can realize an effective transition, which activities should be supported, set up and executed. The SEV program Energiesprong is commissioned by the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations (BZK). The program is derived from the Innovation Agenda for Energy in the Built Environment [Dutch] Het SEV-programma Energiesprong (SEV is Stuurgroep Experimenten Volkshuisvesting) beoogt een substantiele bijdrage te leveren aan de condities waaronder de energietransitie effectief tot stand kan komen. In dit basisplan wordt uiteengezet hoe de markt daartoe moet kunnen komen en welke activiteiten daarvoor worden ondersteund, opgezet en/of uitgevoerd vanuit Energiesprong. Het SEV-programma Energiesprong wordt in opdracht van het Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties (BZK) uitgevoerd. Het programma is afgeleid van de Innovatie Agenda energie Gebouwde Omgeving.

  11. Circulations in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea with Reference to Safe Disposal of Radioactive Wastes Near the Indian Coasts; Les Circulations dans les Eaux du Golfe du Bengale et de la Mer d'Oman et l'Elimination sans Danger des Dechets Radioactifs pres des Cotes Indiennes; 0426 0418 0420 0414 ; Circulaciones en el Golfo de Bengala e en el Mar Arabico con Relacion a la Evacuacion sin Riesgos de Desechos Radiactivos Frente al Litoral Indio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rama Sastry, A. A. [Meteorological Office, Poona 5 (India)

    1960-07-01

    horizontal de varios parametros oceanograficos, el autor de la memoria indica la circulacion, hasta 150 metros de profundidad, en diferentes niveles a lo largo del litoral indio. Las secciones verticales permiten determinar la circulacion en diferentes niveles hasta 500 metros de profundidad. El nivel de las aguas estaticas parece estar situado muy por debajo de los 500 metros y varia segun el lugar y e] tiempo. La mezcla de las aguas se deduce de las relaciones tiempo-espacio. Tambien se senala en la memoria en que estaciones del ano y en que regiones se observan corrientes ascendentes y descendentes frente a la costa. La intensidad de las corrientes ascendentes es mas pronunciada en el litoral, por lo que durante la estacion correspondiente se produce una renovacion total de las masas de agua de la plataforma continental. A mayor profundidad, las masas de agua mas caudalosas son, por orden de importancia, las aguas ecuatoriales del Indico, las aguas intermedias del Antartico junto con las del mar Rojo y una ligera mezcla de las del Indico Centra], las aguas profundas del Indico y las aguas del fondo del Antartico. El autor indica la distribucion de esas masas de agua y la circulacion de las aguas profundas al norte del ecuador. Desde hace 60 anos, las aguas del fondo del Antartico parecen estar avanzando hacia el norte del ecuador tanto en el golfo de Bengala como en el mar Arabigo. Esto ha producido, en el golfo y en el mar Arabigo, un descenso del indice de salinidad. Por ultimo, el autor sugiere un programa de trabajos oceanograficos relacionados con la evacuacion sin riesgos de desechos radiactivos, particularmente en el mar Arabigo. (author) [Russian] Kratko izlagajutsja pervye dannye ob okeanografii Bengal'skogo zaliva i Aravijskogo morja. V svete raboty mnogochislennyh okeanograficheskih stancij, nahodjashhihsja vdol' indijskogo poberezh'ja izuchajutsja okeanograficheskie uslovija v svjazi s bezopasnym udaleniem radioaktivnyh othodov v morja. Krome togo na osnove

  12. Radioisotope Power Sources; Sources d'energie utilisant les radiobotopes; Radioizotopnye istochniki ehnergii; Fuentes radio isotopicas de energia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Culwell, J. P. [USAEC, Washington, D.C (United States)

    1963-11-15

    realizando investigaciones con generadores alimentados por mezclas de productos de fision. Estas seran menos costosas que los radioisotopos puros, pues se suprimen los gastos de separacion y purificacion de isotopos. En la actualidad funcionan o estan a punto de funcionar generadores termoelectricos prototipo, alimentados con estroncio-90 y cesio-137, en estaciones meteorologicas, dispositivos auxiliares de navegacion y aparatos de vigilancia de las profundidades del mar. En el espacio funcionan generadores termoelectricos de plutonio-238 como fuentes de energia electrica del satelite TRANSIT de la Marina de los Estados Unidos. Se estan construyendo asimismo generadores para los proyectos espaciales de la National Aeronautics and Space Administration de dicho pais. La elevada radiactividad inherente a las fuentes radioisotopicas de energia exige que se preste especial atencion a la seguridad de las mismas. Se han establecido rigurosas normas de proteccion y se han ejecutado ensayos muy avanzados para poder emplear estos dispositivos sin originar riesgos inaceptables. (author) [Russian] Programma ispol'zovaniya radioaktivnykh izotopov v kachestve ehnergeticheskogo syr'ya, razrabotannaya Komissiej po atomnoj ehnergii SSHA, privela k sozdaniyu sovershenno novoj tekhnologii primeneniya radioizotopov v kachestve istochnikov ehnergii v generatorakh ehlektroehnergii. Sistema radioizotopnykh ehnergeticheskikh stantsij osobenno nuzhna tam, gde vvidu krajnej otdalennosti trebuyutsya dolgovechnye, nadezhnye i malogabaritnye silovye ustanovki. Sposobnye udovletvoritel'no funktsionirovat' v tyazhelykh usloviyakh, naprimer pri dejstvii temperatur, solnechnogo sveta i ehlektromagnitnogo izlucheniya, takie ''atomnye batarei'' yavlyayutsya zamanchivymi istochnikami ehnergii dlya ustanovok, sobirayushchikh informatsiyu na rasstoyanii, dlya upravlyayushchikh sistem, dlya iskustvennykh sputnikov i drugikh kosmicheskikh ob{sup e}ktov. Radioizotopy, primenyayushchiesya v kachestve goryuchego

  13. Examples of Small-scale Urban Area. Experiment Energy Leap Built Environment; Voorbeeldenboek Kleinschalige Binnenstedelijke Gebieden. Experiment Energiesprong Gebouwde Omgeving

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-03-15

    The Dutch government considers the transition process to be necessary and stimulates investments in energy innovations in the built environment. This innovation effort is the programme 'Energy Leap' (Energiesprong), which is being carried out by the Steering Group Experimental Housing (SEV) on behalf of the Dutch Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations (BZK). The programme is derived from the Innovation Agenda for Energy in the Built Environment. The examples in this book are intended to inspire (potential) participants in the Experiment Energy Leap for Small-scale Urban Areas. The examples focus explicitly on the reduction of CO2 emissions in urban areas, and thus, in addition to CO2 reduction on a building level, the aspects of energy supply, (local) energy production and the energy infrastructure [Dutch] Het SEV-programma Energiesprong (SEV is Stuurgroep Experimenten Volkshuisvesting) beoogt een substantiele bijdrage te leveren aan de condities waaronder de energietransitie effectief tot stand kan komen. In dit basisplan wordt uiteengezet hoe de markt daartoe moet kunnen komen en welke activiteiten daarvoor worden ondersteund, opgezet en/of uitgevoerd vanuit Energiesprong. Het SEV-programma Energiesprong wordt in opdracht van het Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties (BZK) uitgevoerd. Het programma is afgeleid van de Innovatie Agenda energie Gebouwde Omgeving. Dit voorbeeldenboek dient ter inspiratie van (potentiele) deelnemers aan het Experiment Energiesprong kleinschalige Binnenstedelijke Gebieden. De voorbeelden richten zich expliciet op de CO2-reductie van binnenstedelijke gebieden en daarmee, naast de CO2-reductie op woning- en gebouwniveau, op de aspecten energievoorziening, (locale) energieopwekking en energie-infrastructuur.

  14. Campagna di social marketing per sensibilizzare all'uso delle cinture di sicurezza e dispositivi per bambini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Cinquetti

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Obiettivi: aumento del 10% dell’uso delle cinture di sicurezza anteriori e posteriori e del 20% dei seggiolini per bambini nella Regione del Veneto.

    Metodi: il Programma Regionale di Prevenzione dei Traumi da Traffico è stato varato nel 1998 e rifinanziato nel 2002 per un secondo triennio. Fa capo alla Direzione per la Prevenzione dell’Assessorato alle Politiche Sanitarie del Veneto, coinvolge i Dipartimenti di Prevenzione di tutte le Aziende ULSS del Veneto e ha come capofila l’azienda ULSS 7 di Pieve di Soligo (TV. Nell’ambito del programma, il 16 maggio 2003 è stata avviata una campagna di marketing sociale finanziata dalla fondazione CARIVERONA e commissionata ad un’ agenzia pubblicitaria leader del settore. La campagna è stata preceduta da ricerca formativa con 19 focus group e 12 interviste, volta ad analizzare il punto di vista dei diversi target, nonché degli attori principali coinvolti (Forze dell’Ordine, autoscuole, etc. Dopo un test di gradimento, la campagna è partita con spot televisivi e radiofonici, inserzioni nei giornali e manifesti informativi destinati alle scuole medie superiori, alle scuole guida nonché agli ambulatori dei medici di famiglia. Attraverso i media si sostiene una serie di azioni nel territorio che coinvolgeranno le amministrazioni comunali, le forze di polizia e le associazioni di volontariato.

    Risultati: l’efficacia della campagna viene valutata attraverso due distinte rilevazioni dell’uso delle cinture di sicurezza/seggiolini, confrontando i dati raccolti prima della campagna e dopo.

    Conclusioni: i traumi da traffico rappresentano nel Veneto un’importante causa di mortalità e morbosità. Il programma regionale ha utilizzato la tecnica innovativa del marketing sociale come strumento essenziale per sostenere i cambiamenti comportamentali necessari a prevenire l’incidentalità da traffico nel

  15. Crescere errando: minori immigrati non accompagnati" (Clara Silva - Giovanna Campani

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivia Salimbeni

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available La presenza in Italia di minori immigrati non accompagnati è un fenomeno recente e tuttavia in forte crescita. Questo testo raccoglie i risultati di quella che potremmo definire la seconda di tre tappe di una ricerca europea incentrata sullo studio del fenomeno dei minori immigrati non accompagnati, avviata nel 2000 e da poco terminata. L’indagine è stata svolta nel quadro di finanziamento del 'Programma Daphne' della Commissione Europea e ha riguardato nelle prime due fasi tre realtà europee, Italia, Germania e Finlandia e nella terza altre realtà quali il Portogallo, la Spagna, la Francia e la Grecia.

  16. Nitrogen Approach Program. In line with the European law?; Aanpak van stikstof. Europeesrechtelijk in de pas?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schrijnemaekers, J.; Van der Sluis, C. [Ploum Lodder Princen, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    2011-02-15

    Nitrogen deposition is causing problems in protected areas designated by the Natural 2000 program with a view to protect biodiversity . To deal with these problems the Dutch government developed the Programmatic Approach to Nitrogen (Programmatische Aanpak Stikstof - PAS). This approach is discussed in this article. [Dutch] De depositie van stikstof in gebieden waarvoor het zogenaamde Natura 2000 programma de biodiversiteit moet beschermen zorgt voor problemen. Om de problemen het hoofd te bieden heeft de Nederlandse overheid de Programmatische Aanpak Stikstof (PAS) ontwikkeld. In dit artikel wordt aandacht besteed aan PAS.

  17. Clear requirements in standard house ventilation by Aedes. No more discussions on final quality definition; Heldere PvE's in standaardwoningventilatie van Aedes. Geen discussie meer over definitie eindkwaliteit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boerstra, A.C. [BBA Binnenmilieu, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    2012-10-15

    Ventilation systems in dwellings are performing sub-standard in practice. That is why Aedes has drafted two specifications for dwelling ventilation. These specifications for the two most frequently used ventilation systems have been published in a publicly available report: (1) mechanical supply and return air (balanced ventilation) [Dutch] In de praktijk blijkt dat ventilatiesystemen in gebouwen onder de maat presteren. Daarom zijn door Aedes twee PVE's (Programma van Eisen) opgesteld voor woningventilatie. De PVE's zijn voor de twee meest voorkomende typen ventilatiesystemen gepubliceerd in een openbaar rapport: (1) mechanische luchttoevoer en luchtafvoer met warmteterugwinning (balansventilatie); en (2) natuurlijke luchttoevoer met mechanische luchtafvoer (mechanische afzuiging)

  18. Diciotto uova per una crème caramel. La telepolitica come socievolezza

    OpenAIRE

    Nedelmann, Birgitta

    2017-01-01

    1. Introduzione All’inizio di settembre 1996 il radio-giornale informava la nazione tedesca che «il cancelliere Kohl usa diciotto uova per una crème caramel». Era una informazione tratta da un talkshow con il cancelliere, diretto da Alfred Biolek, conosciuto al pubblico tedesco anche per la sua capacità di cuoco televisivo, e trasmesso nel primo programma della televisione tedesca pochi giorni dopo, l’11 settembre 1996. L’intervista faceva scandalo in Germania. Ma non era il cancelliere a com...

  19. Sea Basing Logistiek

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-01

    athankelijkheden, de hoeveelheid situatie? Auteur (s) ir. P.L.H. Cleophas drs. M.H.M. Delmee PROGRAMMA PROJECT drs. S. Hoesmans drs. P.G.M. van Scheepstal drs...hiertussen een aanvullende belangrijke schakel. In theorie worden binnen de CLAS en CZSK verschillende methoden voor het plannen van een operatie gehanteerd...J.H.A.Blokker MCM drs P.G.M. van Scheepstal Afdelingshoofd Auteur 72/72 TNO-rapport I TNO-DV 2007 A452 TNO-rapport I TNO-DV 2007 A452 Bijlage A 11/4 A Fysiek

  20. Ontwikkeling van een BlueJ-getinte uitbreiding voor NetBeans

    OpenAIRE

    Boutsen, Stijn

    2017-01-01

    BlueJ is een open-source IDE die het aanleren van object georiënteerd programmeren in JAVA vergemakkelijkt. Dit programma wordt gebruikt in 1BA maar is niet geschikt om grote applicaties te schrijven. Door het ontbreken van de educatieve tools van BlueJ hebben studenten moeilijkheden met de overgang naar een professionele programmeeromgeving zoals de NetBeans IDE. Deze masterproef realiseert een plugin voor NetBeans met de belangrijkste educatieve kenmerken van BlueJ. Zowel het visueel kla...

  1. Teacher learning and student outcomes in the context of classroom discourse. Findings from a video-based teacher professional development programme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katharina Kiemer

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available We present an innovative teacher professional development programme (TPD focusing on the re-definition of teachers’ discourse behaviour. We report findings on teacher learning and student outcomes, and reflect on practical implications and directions for future research on the programme. In the “Dialogic Video Cycle” (DVC six teachers participated in a year-long intervention built on effective components of TPD and using videos of teachers’ own practices as tools for reflection and basis for group discussions. We compared the DVC with a traditional TPD programme (n= 4 teachers. Additionally, students (N= 226 were assessed regarding their motivational orientations and individual beliefs. Results show that effective TPD components could successfully be implemented in the DVC and that this new and innovative programme enhances teachers’ performance in classroom discourse and affects students’ interest in the subject, self-efficacy and domain-specific self-concept of ability positively. Thus, the DVC seems a promising tool to foster teacher learning with an impact on perceived student motivation and learning. Presentiamo un programma innovativo per lo sviluppo professionale degli insegnanti (TPD, centrato sulla ridefinizione della conduzione di interazioni verbali in classe. Sono riportati i risultati dell’apprendimento di insegnanti e studenti, e la riflessione sulle implicazioni pratiche per la ricerca futura sul programma. Nel “Dialogic Video Cycle” (DVC sei insegnanti hanno partecipato per un anno a un intervento di TPD mediante videoregistrazioni usate come strumenti di riflessione sulle proprie pratiche e per le discussioni di gruppo. Abbiamo confrontato il DVC con un programma TPD tradizionale (n= 4 insegnanti. Inoltre sono stati valutati gli orientamenti degli studenti (N= 226 in termini di motivazione e fiducia nelle proprie capacità. I risultati mostrano che le componenti efficaci del TPD potrebbero essere attuate con

  2. Italian research on the Antarctic atmosphere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Rafanelli

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available In this work after a short introduction on the structure of Programma Nazionale di Ricerche in Antartide, the different researches on atmospheric physics developed by Italian scientists are presented. The international activities are described, with particular attention both to APE experiment and the setting up of the new base in Dome-C. The results obtained are also discussed and the new projects proposed by SCAR or other international bodies are recalled. The reduction of funds and fall in young people interested in scientifi c studies represent the main problems for the future work.

  3. CO{sub 2} emission costs and Gas/Coal competition for power production; Prezzi delle emissioni di CO{sub 2} e competivita' gas/carbone per la produzione termoelettrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santi, Federico [La Sapienza Univ., Roma (Italy). Dipartimento di Ingegneria Nucleare e Conversioni dell' Energia

    2005-05-01

    This paper demonstrates how a CO{sub 2} emission reduction programme can change the competition between the two power production technologies which will probably dominate the future of the Italian power industry: the coal fired USC steam power plant and the natural gas fired CCGT power plant. An economic value of the CO{sub 2} emission is calculated, in order to make the short-run-marginal-cost (or the long-run-marginal-cost). equal for both technologies, under a CO{sub 2} emission trading scheme and following a single-plant specific CO{sub 2} emission homogenizing approach. [Italian] Si dimostra come un programma teso alla riduzione delle emissioni di CO{sub 2} possa mutare la competivita' tra le due tecnologie per la produzione termoelettrica che saranno dominanti nel prossimo futuro in Italia: le centrali a carbone USC e le centrali CCGT a gas naturale. Si calcola il prezzo delle emissioni di CO{sub 2} per valutare il costo marginale di breve periodo (o il costo marginale di lungo periodo) per entrambe le tecnologie, avvalendosi di un programma di emission trading e utilizzando un approccio di omogeneizzazione delle emissioni di CO{sub 2} specifiche di ogni impianto.

  4. Monitor of Energetic Saving. Final measurements; Monitor VoortVarend Besparen. Eindmeting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-05-15

    In 2007, the Dutch Ministry of Waterways and Public Works (currently the Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment) launched the multi-annual plan 'Voortvarend Besparen 2007-2010' (Energetic Saving) that aims to stimulate captains of barges into more energy efficient sailing behavior. The program aims to encourage energy efficient operation of ships, resulting in a fuel saving and a 5% reduction in CO2 emissions in inland shipping in 2010 compared to 2007. In the final measurement, questionnaires were sent to the barge skippers to find out if the inland shipping sector succeeded in realizing the target and to examine to what extent the Energetic Saving program contributed to the CO2 reduction. [Dutch] In 2007 heeft het Ministerie van Verkeer en Waterstaat (nu het Ministerie van Infrastructuur en Milieu) het startsein gegeven voor het meerjarenprogramma VoortVarend Besparen (2007 - 2010) met als doel schippers te stimuleren tot energie-efficienter vaargedrag. Het programma dient energie-efficienter vaargedrag te stimuleren resulterend in een brandstofbesparing en een 5% reductie van CO2 emissies in de binnenvaartsector in 2010 ten opzichte van 2007. In de eindmeting is door middel van enquetes onder binnenvaartschippers onderzocht of de binnenvaartsector deze doelstelling heeft gehaald, en in welke mate het VoortVarend Besparen programma heeft bijgedragen aan deze CO2-reductie.

  5. Apgrozījuma prognozēšana ar mākslīgo neironu tīklu palīdzību

    OpenAIRE

    Puškina, Tatjana

    2012-01-01

    Bakalaura darba pētījumu ietvaros tika analizēta mākslīgo neironu tīklu programmas izvēle Latvijas uzņēmuma „Pasaules Optika” apgrozījuma prognozēšanai, kā arī veikta tā praktiskā pielietošana. Darbs sastāv no trim nodaļām, kurās tiek izskatītas problēmas, kas ir iespējams risināt ar mākslīgo neironu tiklu palīdzību, izmantojot Neuro XL programmu. Salīdzinājumā ar citām mākslīgā intelekta risinošam datu apstrādes programmām tiek novērtēts Neuro XL programmas priekšrocības, tiek imitēti ikgadē...

  6. Bērnu iztēles sekmēšana zīmēšanā vidējā pirmsskolas vecumā

    OpenAIRE

    Pavlovska, Santa

    2017-01-01

    Darba autors: Santa Pavlovska Darba temats: Bērnu iztēles sekmēšana zīmēšanā vidējā pirmsskolas vecumā. Darba veids: Kvalifikācijas darbs Studiju programma: Pirmā līmeņa profesionālās augstākās izglītības studiju programma Darba zinātniskais vadītājs: Dr. paed. Antra Randoha Darba struktūra: ievads, divas nodaļas, tabulas (3), attēli (8), secinājumi, literatūras un avotu saraksts (26). Darba apjoms 35 lpp. Atslēgas vārdi: iztēle, pirmsskolas vecums, 5-6 gadīgi bērni, zīmēšana. Pētījuma mērķis...

  7. Post-Construction Testing of the Elk River, Hallam and Piqua Power Reactor Plants; Essais apres construction des centrales nucleaires d'Elk River, de Hallam et de Piqua; Predehkspluatatsionnoe ispytanie Ehlk-riverskoj, Khehlpemskoj i Pikuaskoj ehnergeticheskikh reaktornykh ustanovok; Ensayos posteriores a la construccion de las centrales nucleoelectricas de Elk River, Hallam y Piqua

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pursel, C. A. [United States Atomic Energy Commission, Argonne, IL (United States)

    1963-10-15

    mezhdu okonchaniem stroitel'stva (sooruzhenie ehdakij i ustanovka oborudovaniya) i nachalom ehkspluatatsii na moshchnosti (proizvodstvo znachitel'nogo kolichestva ehlektricheskoj ehnergii netto). Ispytaniya presledovali sleduyushchie tseli: 1) proverit' rabochie kharakteristiki ustanovlennogo oborudovaniya; 2) opredelit' nachal'nuyu kritichnost' i koehffitsient reaktivnosti i 3) opredelit' fizicheskie kharakteristiki reaktora i rabochie kharakteristiki ustanovki po mere uvelicheniya moshchnosti. Nakoplennyj opyt mokhet byt' izlozhen v shesti otdel'nykh, no vzaimosvyazannykh razdelakh: 11 programma; 2) stoimost'; 3) potrebnosti v kadrakh; 4) tekhnologiya provedeniya ispytanij; 5) rabota oborudovaniya (vklyuchaya nepoladki) i 6) fakticheskie (po sravneniyu s raschetnymi) kharakteristiki raboty sistemy. Srednyaya proektnaya chislennost' personala, vklyuchaya rabochikh, operatorov, dozimetristov, vspomogatel'nyj tekhnicheskij personal i stazherov, sostavlyaet: dlya ERR - 50, dlya HNPF - 115 i dlya PNPF - 60 chelovek. Podrobnaya tekhnologiya predehkspluatatsionnykh ispytanij v pis'mennom vide byla podgotovlenv dlya kazhdogo vazhnogo komponenta i kazhdoj sistemy ustanovki. Naskol'ko ehto bylo vozmozhno, vse ispytaniya byli provedeny do zagruzki topliva i nachala ehkspluatatsii vsej ustanovki. Oformlenie razreshenij na ehkpluatatsiyu ustanovok (dublikaty litsenzij na neprinadlezhashchie KAEH SSHA ustanovki) zanyalo pochti vse vremya provedeniya predehkspluatatsionnykh ispytanij. Vremya, potrebovavsheesya dlya provedeniya predehkspluatatsionnykh ispytanij kazhdoj iz ehtikh ustanovok, znachitel'no prevysilo pervonachal'no namechennoe vremya. Ispytaniya vskryli ryad yavnykh i predpolagaemykh neispravnostej komponentov, v rezul'tate chego potrebovalos' provesti dopolnitel'nye ispytaniya i analizy. V ryade sluchaev dlya ispravleniya oshibok, dopushchennykh pri izgotovlenii ili konstruirovanii oborudovaniya, komponenty prishlos' remontirovat' ili vidoizmenyat'. Osnovnymi nepoladkami

  8. Habitat networking: a new chance for the otter in Europe?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claus Reuther

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract One of the main problems for otter protection in Germany as well as in Europe is the fragmentation and isolation of populations. In Germany a thriving population exists in the eastern parts of the country while in the central parts only isolated populations remain, and in the western parts the species is extirpated. On the basis of this situation a habitat network program is in progress with the aim to protect and restore not only those habitats where the otter still remains but also those habitats which can function as a network to connect the thriving with the isolated populations. This network focuses on existing protected wetlands or rivers and restoration activities in wetlands or rivers. The situation of the otter in Europe (excluding Scandinavia and the British Isles is comparable to that in Germany. There are stable or thriving populations in the eastern and western parts while in Central Europe only isolated populations remain. Following the German otter habitat network program possibilities are shown and discussed to establish a habitat network program for the otter on a European level. Riassunto Ripristino di una rete di ambienti favorevoli alla lontra: una nuova possibilità per la specie in Europa? - Uno dei principali problemi riguardanti la conservazione della lontra (Lutra lutra in Germania, come del resto in Europa, è la frammentazione e l'isolamento delle popolazioni. In Germania, una cospicua popolazione esiste nella parte orientale, mentre in quella centrale sono presenti nuclei isolati; nella porzione occidentale del paese la specie è invece praticamente estinta. Tenendo presente questa situazione, è stato avviato un programma di ricostruzione di una rete di ambienti favorevoli alla lontra con l'obiettivo di proteggere e ripristinare non solo gli ambienti in cui la specie è attualmente presente, ma anche quelli che possono funzionare come rete di

  9. WebQuest mācību modeļa izmantošana ķīmijas mācību stundās

    OpenAIRE

    Silauniece, Līga

    2010-01-01

    Darbā veikta literatūras izpēte par WebQuest kā interneta izmantošanas modeli ķīmijas mācību procesā. Analizēta WebQuest projekta sagatavošana un realizēšana, organizatoriskie un didaktiskie aspekti. Izveidots WebQuest darba apraksta piemērs ķīmijā 9. klasei. Izstrādātas vietnes par WebQuest mācību modeļa realizāciju. Izstrādāta pedagogu profesionālās pilnveides kursu programma un metodiskie ieteikumi skolotājiem.

  10. A model of cooperation: the Pact op Zuid information system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frans Spierings

    2010-06-01

    Welzijnsorganisaties, onderzoekinstellingen, overheidsinstellingen en woningcorporaties zijn alle potentiële partners in stedelijke herstructureringsprogramma’s. Het combineren van de belangen van deze organisaties vormt een interessante managementuitdaging. Ook is het een uitdaging om een informatiesysteem te ontwikkelen dat tegemoet komt aan de informatiebehoefte van alle partners, zowel de afzonderlijke organisaties, als het collectief. Dit artikel zal deze uitdaging van informatiemanagement bespreken, door een case study naar cooperative knowledge production te presenteren. De case study heeft betrekking op het Rotterdamse stedelijk investeringssprogramma “Pact op Zuid”, een programma waarin tussen 2006 en 2016 1.5 miljard euro wordt geïnvesteerd in stedelijk gebied met 190.000 inwoners. Dit artikel geeft allereerst inzicht in literatuur over innovatieconfiguraties en lerende netwerken, concepten die belangrijk zijn om de complexiteit van stedelijke renovatie en cooperative knowledge production te begrijpen. Het bespreekt eveneens hoe cooperative knowledge production binnen Pact op Zuid plaatsvond.

  11. Evaluation of the search and rescue LEEWAY model in the Tyrrhenian Sea: a new point of view

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Di Maio

    2016-08-01

    Channel Regional Model developed in the framework of PON-TESSA (Programma Operativo Nazionale; National Operative Program – TEchnology for the Situational Sea Awareness project. The main objective of the work is to validate a new approach of leeway calculation that relies on a real person in water (PIW event, which occurred in the Tyrrhenian Sea in July 2013. The results show that by assimilating a human body to a cylinder and estimating both the transition from laminar to turbulent boundary layer and the drag coefficients, it can be possible to solve a force balance equation, which allows the search area to be estimated with good approximation. This new point of view leads to the possibility of also testing the same approach for other different categories of targets, so as to overcome the limitations associated with the calculation of the leeway in the future by means of standard statistical law.

  12. Quality assurance in brachytherapy. Proposal of guidelines concerning clinical, technological and physical dosimetric aspects; Assicurazione di qualita' in brachiterapia: proposta di linee guida in relazione agli aspetti clinici, tecnologici e fisico-sanitari

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-07-01

    The report is an up-dating of the guidelines presented by the Italian National Institute of Health study group on quality assurance in radiotherapy (ISTISAN report 96/39). The study points out the necessity of a strong cooperation among the different professionals involved in brachytherapy procedures. Minimal requirements for quality control institutional protocols are also presented and discussed. [Italian] Il documento costituisce un'integrazione delle linee guida italiane elaborate dal gruppo di studio Assicurazione di qualita' in radioterapia dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita' (ISTISAN 96/39). Un rilievo ancora maggiore e' stato dato alla necessita' di una stretta collaborazione tra le figure professionali operanti nel campo della brachiterapia. Queste linee guida riportano anche i requisiti essenziali di un programma locale di controlli di qualita' in brachiterapia.

  13. Matematica numerica esercizi, laboratori e progetti

    CERN Document Server

    Quarteroni, Alfio

    2013-01-01

    La Matematica Numerica una disciplina che si sviluppa in simbiosi con il calcolatore; essa fa uso di linguaggi di programmazione che consentono di tradurre gli algoritmi in programmi eseguibili. Questo testo si propone di aiutare lo studente nella transizione fra i concetti teorici e metodologici della Matematica Numerica e la loro implementazione al computer. A questo scopo vengono proposti Esercizi teorici da risolvere con carta e penna atti a far comprendere meglio al lettore la teoria, e Laboratori, in cui per un dato problema si debbono scegliere gli algoritmi pi adatti, realizzare un programma in linguaggio MATLAB per la loro implementazione, rappresentare graficamente in maniera idonea i risultati ottenuti dal calcolatore, infine interpretarli ed analizzarli alla luce della teoria. Per ogni Esercizio ed ogni Laboratorio si presenta una risoluzione dettagliata,completata da una ampia discussione critica. Per una migliore fruizione degli argomenti sviluppati, il testo si apre con una introduzione allambi...

  14. Tutorial GPS I programmi TGO e TTC di Trimble

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vittorio Grassi

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Sia questo articolo che quelli che seguiranno sui più diffusi programmi di elaborazione dei dati GPS circolanti in Italia, non pretendono d’essere ne’ saranno mai un manuale d’uso. Il loro scopo è quello di mettere in risalto le funzionalità del programma recensito sulla base di quanto esposto nell’articolo dello stesso autore, intitolato “L’elaborazione dei dati GPS” e pubblicato sul n° 2 di Geomedia 2005 ed è quindi visto solo sotto l’aspetto della elaborazione dei dati GPS e della loro compensazione.

  15. The environmental project of the enhancement of the fluvial area: L’Aquila and the Aterno River

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Mastrolonardo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Il contributo si colloca in un programma interdisciplinare volto alla valorizzazione e la tutela del fiume, attraverso il controllo dei flussi e l’attivazione di simbiosi. Si integrano, con un approccio che parte dalla progettazione ambientale, le tematiche urbane, paesaggistiche, tecnologiche ed ecologiche, per orientare lo sviluppo del territorio in termini di tutela e valorizzazione delle risorse, e per recuperare le discontinuità rappresentata oggi dal fiume, in alcuni contesti urbani, conferendole maggiore riconoscibilità e potenzialità. Nello specifico si indaga il rapporto tra L’Aquila e il fiume Aterno per individuare, a livello locale, le strategie perseguibili per il recupero delle connessioni tra l’ambito fluviale e urbano, per la valorizzazione del territorio e il ripristino della funzionalità dell’acqua nel suo ciclo vitale. 

  16. Between words and deeds. On interdisciplinarity and the importance of policy studies; Tussen woord en daad. Over interdisciplinariteit en beleidsrelevantie van onderzoek

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Wit, B. [Raad voor het Milieu- en Natuuronderzoek RMNO, Den Haag (Netherlands)

    2006-07-01

    An overview is given of recent studies on the title subject and the added value of interdisciplinary studies. [Dutch] Her belang van interdisciplinair onderzoek wordt vaak met de mond beleden. Waarom is het belangrijk en wat weten we over de praktijk van interdisciplinaire samenwerking? Recent buitenlands onderzoek licht een tipje op van de sluier. Naar aanleiding van de interimevaluatie van het Stimuleringsprogramma Biodiversiteit in 2003, werd er door de evaluatiecommissie op aangedrongen het tweede deel van het onderzoeksprogramma interdisciplinair op te zetten en te focussen op biodiversiteit in agrarisch gebied. Ook hier was vergroting van de beleidsrelevantie van de resultaten de achterliggende reden. Aangezien het Stimuleringsprogramma Biodiversiteit ooit is opgezet naar aanleiding van een advies van RMNO en NRLO, is onderzocht hoe begrippen als interdisciplinariteit en beleidsrelevantie zijn geoperationaliseerd in het programma. Dit resulteerde in het rapport 'Een studie over (bio)diversiteit'.

  17. Pronuncia e altre abilità linguistiche

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pierucci, Giulia

    In questa sede si intende illustrare e discutere alcuni interventi didattici nell’ambito del progetto di ricerca “ Dai suoni alla lingua in uso: sviluppare consapevolezza fonologica per favorire l’acquisizione e l’interazione nell’apprendimento dell’italiano LS a livelli iniziali”, presentato...... in occasione del X Congresso degli Italianisti Scandinavi a Reykjavik nel giugno 2013. In particolare verranno proposti percorsi didattici finalizzati all’acquisizione della competenza e consapevolezza fonologica in relazione allo sviluppo delle altre abilità linguistiche che saranno state sperimentate...... in classe, nei corsi di laurea in italiano dell’Università di Århus, con gruppi principianti e non. Si illustreranno anche interventi seminariali rivolti a insegnanti di lingua straniera nelle scuole superiori danesi, in programma per gennaio presso l’Universitá di Århus. Saranno presi in visione video e...

  18. Vision on energy transition pathways in horticulture; Visievorming rond energietransitiepaden in de glastuinbouw

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buurma, J.S.; Van der Velden, N.J.A.; Smit, P.X.

    2011-02-15

    While collecting technical data for the 'Energiemonitor van de Nederlandse glastuinbouw' (Energy monitor of the Dutch greenhouse horticulture) the Dutch research institute LEI also asked the informants about their interests, visions and ambitions with regard to the transition pathways of the program 'Kas als Energiebron' (greenhouse as a source of energy). This document shows the motives of the interviewed parties, which collaboration and/or knowledge they seek and which barriers they encounter on the transition pathways [Dutch] Gelijktijdig met het verzamelen van technische gegevens voor de Energiemonitor van de Nederlandse glastuinbouw heeft het LEI de informanten gevraagd naar hun belangen, visies, wensen en ambities rond de transitiepaden van het programma Kas als Energiebron. De nota laat zien wat de drijfveren van de geinterviewde partijen zijn, welke medewerking en/of kennis zij zoeken en welke belemmeringen zij tegenkomen bij de onderscheiden transitiepaden.

  19. Purmerend wants to heat city of the Netherlands. Efficient distribution of sustainable heat; Purmerend wil warmtestad van Nederland worden. Efficiente distributie van duurzame warmte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stollmeyer, A. [Stadsverwarming Purmerend, Purmerend (Netherlands)

    2010-09-15

    Stadsverwarming Purmerend (District heating) is working on realizing the most sustainable heating company in the Netherlands. This is to be realized by means of an energy transition: the transition from grey waste heat to green energy sources such as biomass and deep geothermal energy. Moreover, the SlimNet program is used to efficiently distribute heat generated from sustainable sources. The system will enter into operation in 2014. [Dutch] Stadsverwarming Purmerend werkt aan het duurzaamste warmtebedrijf van Nederland. Een en ander wordt gerealiseerd via een energietransitie: de overstap van grijze restwarmte naar groene energiebronnen als biomassa en diepe geothermie. Ook wordt het programma SlimNet ingezet om de duurzaam geproduceerde warmte efficient te distribueren. Het systeem wordt in 2014 operationeel.

  20. Participatie en empowerment in de gezondheidsbevordering: Professionals in de knel tussen ideaal en praktijk?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaby Jacobs

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Deze bijdrage is gebaseerd op een onderzoek in opdracht van ZonMw (de Nederlandse organisatie voor gezondheidsonderzoek en ontwikkeling naar de state of the art van empowerment in de Nederlandse gezondheidsbevorderings- en preventiepraktijken. Daartoe is een literatuurstudie verricht en zijn acht van de in totaal 54 projecten binnen het programma ‘Gezond Leven’ van ZonMw geselecteerd vanwege hun gerichtheid op empowerment van de deelnemers, tot uitdrukking komend in zinsneden in de projectvoorstellen als ‘meer grip krijgen op het eigen leven’, 'bewust keuzen leren maken en daar zelf verantwoordelijkheid voor nemen’, ‘helpen hun kracht en kwaliteiten om met de bestaande situatie om te gaan te ontdekken of te versterken’ en ‘erkenning van de eigen ideeën en expertise van mensen’.

  1. Radiation Protection Programme in Nuclear Medicine Practice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alarfaj, Abd-I.M.

    2003-01-01

    This paper specifies the main elements of the radiation protection programma (RPP) that should be estabished for each practice, which involves radiation exposure. Practices of nuclear medicine have been considered as an example, since among the 245 installations which are conducting different practices with radiation sources in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, there are 78 installations dealing with nuclear medicine practices. Reviewing the RPP in these nuclear medicine installations, it may be easily concluded that the RPPs for the majority of these installations do not respond to the requirements of the regulatory body of the Kingdom, which is King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST). This may be attributed to a set of different reasons, such as shortage in understanding the main elements of the RPP as well as in applying methodologies

  2. Le novità in Quantum GIS: versione 1.8 “Lisboa” ed oltre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Manghi

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Quantum GIS, il noto programma GIS libero ed Open Source distribuito con licenza GPL, hacompiuto nel 2012 i primi 10 anni di vita. La sua popolarità tra gli utenti finali è in continuoaumento* (statistiche dei download, gistackexchange, google trends, etc. cosí come é inaumento** il numero di sviluppatori coinvolti e il numero di enti (anche importanti, tra cui laRegione Toscana, World Bank, vari cantoni svizzeri, ecc. che ne finanziano lo sviluppo.   What's New in Quantum GIS version 1.8"Lisboa" and over Quantum GIS, the well known GIS programfree and open source GPL-licensed,reached in 2012 the first 10 years of life. Itspopularity among end users is increasingas well as is increasing the number of developersinvolved and the number of entities(also important, including the TuscanyRegion, World Bank, various Swiss cantons,etc.. that are financing the development.

  3. Le novità in Quantum GIS: versione 1.8 “Lisboa” ed oltre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Manghi

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Quantum GIS, il noto programma GIS libero ed Open Source distribuito con licenza GPL, hacompiuto nel 2012 i primi 10 anni di vita. La sua popolarità tra gli utenti finali è in continuoaumento* (statistiche dei download, gistackexchange, google trends, etc. cosí come é inaumento** il numero di sviluppatori coinvolti e il numero di enti (anche importanti, tra cui laRegione Toscana, World Bank, vari cantoni svizzeri, ecc. che ne finanziano lo sviluppo. What's New in Quantum GIS version 1.8"Lisboa" and overQuantum GIS, the well known GIS programfree and open source GPL-licensed,reached in 2012 the first 10 years of life. Itspopularity among end users is increasingas well as is increasing the number of developersinvolved and the number of entities(also important, including the TuscanyRegion, World Bank, various Swiss cantons,etc.. that are financing the development.

  4. Izlases dizainu salīdzināšana ar simulācijas eksperimentu palīdzību

    OpenAIRE

    Rikačova, Tatjana

    2012-01-01

    Darbā tika aplūkoti trīs veidu izlases dizaini: vienkāršā gadījuma izlase, sistemātiskā gadījuma izlase un stratificētā gadījuma izlase, kā arī tika apskatīta GREG novērtējumu teorija. Pētījuma mērķis bija ar simulācijas eksperimentu palīdzību salīdzināt iepriekš minētos izlases dizainus, lai noteiktu izlases dizainu, kas dod precīzākus konkrētās populācijas parametru novērtējumus. Lai veiktu simulācijas eksperimentus tika ģenerēti dati un uzrakstītas programmas, kas tika palaistas va...

  5. Computer science and quality. An applied example on environment; Informatica e qualita': un esempio applicativo sull'ambiente

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Vanna, A; Moretti, L [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Ezio Clementel, Bologna (Italy). Dipt. Ambiente

    1998-07-01

    Within the ENEA (National Agency for New Technology, Energy and the Environment)-MURST (Ministry of University and Scientific and Technological Research) programme agreement, the report shows a relational database containing all the project bibliography on the Park of Two Lakes (Emilia Romagna region, Italy) and now accessible in Internet. The paper also discusses briefly the relationship between environmental problems and computer science and about the information management quality. [Italian] Nell'ambito dell'accordo di programma ENEA-MURST (Ministero per l'Universita', la Ricerca scientifica e Tecnologica), e' stato realizzato un databse contenente tutta la bibliografia sul progetto del Parco dei due Laghi (Emilia Romagna), accessibile in Internet. Il rapporto illustra l'architettua del database dopo una breve trattazione del rapporto tra problematiche ambientali e informatica e sulla qualita' della gestione dell'informazione.

  6. Computer codes application to evaluate comparative analysis of environmental compatibility between waste treatment plants and site characterization of Matera (southern Italy); Applicazioni del codice di calcolo SITEVAL per l'analisi della compatibilita' ambientale degli impianti di smaltimento e recupero dei rifiuti alle discariche non controllate presenti nella provincia di Matera

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cautilli, F.; Musmeci, F.; Tassoni, E. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Ambiente

    1998-07-01

    The report presents the software SITEVAL aimed at tackling the comparative analysis of environmental compatibility between waste treatment plants and hosting areas. The SITEVAL application for non-monitored urban waste landfills in the province of Matera (southern Italy) is showed with the objective to identify the more relevant environmental components in such landfills. [Italian] L'articolo illustra il codice di calcolo SITEVAL utilizzato per analisi comparative di compatibilita' ambientale di impianti di smaltimento di rifiuti con i siti che li ospitano e poi riporta l'applicazione del codice nella situazione della provincia di Matera riguardo allo smaltimento non controllato di rifiuti solidi urbani e alla individuazione delle componenti ambientali piu' sensibili alla presenza di tali discariche nel territorio. Il codice ha permesso di stilare graduatorie di compatibilita' delle discariche non controllate e di definire l'interdipendenza dei risultati dalla scelta dei parametri di input del programma.

  7. MILANO ARCHEOLOGIA FOR EXPO 2015. TOWARDS A VALORIZATION OF THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL HERITAGE OF THE CITY OF MILAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Massara

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Si pubblicano qui le relazioni presentate durante il seminario interdisciplinare e interateneo dal titolo “Milano Archeologia per Expo 2015. Verso una valorizzazione del patrimonio archeologico della città di Milano”. Il seminario è stato organizzato come parte integrante del progetto “Milano Archeologia per Expo 2015”, avviato nel 2013, il quale ha avuto tra i suoi scopi quello di incrementare conoscenza, consapevolezza e quindi visibilità dei resti della Milano romana attraverso specifici strumenti di didattica e divulgazione. Il workshop si pone infatti a conclusione di un percorso destinato in particolare ai milanesi ed esteso a tutti gli interessati, condotto durante tutta la durata del progetto. Ne sono un esempio le conferenze svoltesi al Civico Museo Archeologico di Milano: giovani studiosi hanno presentato a un pubblico non specialistico i risultati delle loro ricerche su Mediolanum; la locandina del programma delle conferenze testimonia la varietà dei temi trattati.

  8. Computer science and quality. An applied example on environment; Informatica e qualita': un esempio applicativo sull'ambiente

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Vanna, A.; Moretti, L. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Ezio Clementel, Bologna (Italy). Dipt. Ambiente

    1998-07-01

    Within the ENEA (National Agency for New Technology, Energy and the Environment)-MURST (Ministry of University and Scientific and Technological Research) programme agreement, the report shows a relational database containing all the project bibliography on the Park of Two Lakes (Emilia Romagna region, Italy) and now accessible in Internet. The paper also discusses briefly the relationship between environmental problems and computer science and about the information management quality. [Italian] Nell'ambito dell'accordo di programma ENEA-MURST (Ministero per l'Universita', la Ricerca scientifica e Tecnologica), e' stato realizzato un databse contenente tutta la bibliografia sul progetto del Parco dei due Laghi (Emilia Romagna), accessibile in Internet. Il rapporto illustra l'architettua del database dopo una breve trattazione del rapporto tra problematiche ambientali e informatica e sulla qualita' della gestione dell'informazione.

  9. Quality assurance in brachytherapy. Proposal of guidelines concerning clinical, technological and physical dosimetric aspects; Assicurazione di qualita' in brachiterapia: proposta di linee guida in relazione agli aspetti clinici, tecnologici e fisico-sanitari

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-07-01

    The report is an up-dating of the guidelines presented by the Italian National Institute of Health study group on quality assurance in radiotherapy (ISTISAN report 96/39). The study points out the necessity of a strong cooperation among the different professionals involved in brachytherapy procedures. Minimal requirements for quality control institutional protocols are also presented and discussed. [Italian] Il documento costituisce un'integrazione delle linee guida italiane elaborate dal gruppo di studio Assicurazione di qualita' in radioterapia dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita' (ISTISAN 96/39). Un rilievo ancora maggiore e' stato dato alla necessita' di una stretta collaborazione tra le figure professionali operanti nel campo della brachiterapia. Queste linee guida riportano anche i requisiti essenziali di un programma locale di controlli di qualita' in brachiterapia.

  10. Minimize constraints for a biobased economy. Progress report. Version 1.0; Wegnemen van belemmeringen in de biobased economy. Voortgangsrapportage. Versie 1.0

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bex, P.M.H.H.; Blank, R.E.

    2013-04-15

    In the study 'Conflicting interests in the biobased economy (BBE in Dutch)), an overview is given of constraints, experienced by entrepreneurs, that limit innovations and investments in the BBE and thus hinder the transition towards a biobased economy. In a first inventory 69 constraints were identified. This report summarizes the progress of the BBE Program, and gives an overview of new constraints. The solutions for the constraints can be found at www.biobasedeconomy.nl [Dutch] In het onderzoek 'Botsende belangen in de biobased economy' (BBE) zijn de belemmeringen van ondernemers in kaart gebracht die innovaties en investeringen in de BBE beperken en daarmee de transitie van de BBE in de weg staan. In een eerste inventarisatie zijn 69 belemmeringen geidentificeerd. Deze voortgangsrapportage geeft een overzicht van de voortgang van het BBE Programma, de naar voren gekomen nieuwe belemmeringen. De oplossingen voor de belemmeringen zijn terug te vinden op www.biobasedeconomy.nl.

  11. A study of the mechanism of certain heterogeneous catalytic processes using C{sup 14}-labelled compounds; Utilisation de composes marques au carbone-14 pour l'etude du mecanisme de certains processus catalytiques heterogenes; Issledovanie mekhanizma nekotorykh geterogenno-kataliticheskikh protsessov s primeneniem soedinenij, mechennykh uglerodom-14; Estudio del mecanismo de algunos procesos de catalisis heterogenea con ayuda de compuestos marcados con carbono-14

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Isagulyants, G V; Balandin, A A

    1962-03-15

    An investigation is made of the method of calculating individual phase velocities for parallel, consecutive and parallel-consecutive reactions from kinetic data obtained by the use of labelled atoms. The method is used for calculating individual phase velocities in the decomposition reaction of isopropyl alcohol into vanadium trioxides, dehydrogenations of butane-butylene mixtures and dehydrations of ethyl alcohol. Compounds containing C{sup 14} were used in this study. (author) [French] Le memoire expose une methode par laquelle on calcule les vitesses a differents stades dans les reactions paralleles, consecutives et paralleles-consecutives en se servant de donnees cinetiques obtenues par l'utilisation d'atomes indicateurs. Cette methode est utilisee pour le calcul des vitesses a differents stades de la decomposition de l'alcool isopropylique par le trioxyde de vanadium, de la deshydrogenation des melanges butane-butylene et de la deshydratation de l'alcool ethylique. Pour ces travaux, on a utilise des composes contenant du carbone-14. (author) [Spanish] Se describe un metodo de calculo de las velocidades correspondientes a las distintas etapas de una serie de reacciones paralelas, consecutivas y paralelo-consecutivas, partiendo de datos cineticos obtenidos mediante atomos marcados. El metodo se aplica a la determinacion de las velocidades de las reacciones de descomposicion del alcohol isopropilico por el trioxido de vanadio, de deshidrogenacion de mezclas de butano y buteno y de deshidratacion del alcohol etilico. El trabajo se llevo a cabo con ayuda de compuestos marcados con carbono-14. (author) [Russian] Rassmotren metod rascheta skorostej otdel'nykh stadij dlya parallel'nykh, konsekutivnykh i parallel'no-konsekutivnykh reaktsij, iskhodya iz kineticheskikh dannykh, poluchennykh s primeneniem mechenykh atomov. Metod primenen k raschetu skorostej otdel'nykh stadij v reaktsii razlozheniya izopropilovogo spirta na trekhokisi vanadiya, degidrogenizatsii butan

  12. Processes of Interaction between Refractory Materials and Gas Flows in the Duct of an MHD Generator; ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ ПРОЦЕССОВ ВЗАИМОДЕЙСТВИЯ ЖАРОПРОЧНЫХ МАТЕРИАЛОВ С ГАЗОВЫМ ПОТОКОМ В КАНАЛЕ МГД ГЕНЕРАТОРА

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rekov, A. I.; Romanov, A. I.; Ivanov, A. B. [Nauchno-Issledovatel' skij Institut Vysokih Temperatur, Moskva, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1966-12-15

    The behaviour of a wide range of materials has been studied in conditions simulating the operating conditions of open- and closed-cycle MHD generators. A number of possible electrode and insulating materials are discussed, in particular the oxides ZrO{sub 2} , MgO, BeO and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, the carbides SiC, TiC, ZrC and NbC, the borides ZrB{sub 2} TiB{sub 2} and LaB{sub 6}, and various alloying materials. The possibility of using high-temperature concretes for electrical insulation is considered. (author) [Russian] Issledovano povedenie shirokogo kruga materialov v uslovijah, modelirujushhih uslovija raboty M G D generatorov s otkrytym i zakrytym ciklami. Rassmotren rjad vozmozhnyh jelektrodnyh i izoljacionnyh materialov, v chastnosti, okisly ZrO{sub 2} , MgO, BeO, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) , karbidy (SiC, TiC, ZrC, NbC), boridy (ZrB{sub 2} TiB{sub 2}, LaB{sub 6}) i kompozicionnye materialy. Izuchena vozmozhnost' primenenija dlja jelektro- izoljacii zharoupornyh betonov. (author)

  13. Study of the Fixation and Migration of Radioactive Cations in a Natural Ion Exchanger; Etude de la Fixation et de la Migration de Cations Radioactifs dans un Echangeur d'Ions Naturel; 0418 0417 0423 0427 0415 0414 ; Estudio de la Fijacion y de la Migracion de Cationes Radiactivos en un Cambiador Natural de Iones

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baetsle, L. [Centre d' Etudes de l' Energie Nucleaire, Mol (Belgium)

    1960-07-01

    investigando por separado cada uno de los equilibrios ionicos componentes. (author) [Russian] V celjah ispol'zovanija burogo uglja v kachestve estestvennogo ionoobmennika pri obrabotke zhidkih radioaktivnyh othodov, izuchalis' ego fizicheskie i fiziko-himicheskie svojstva, svjazannye s obmenom ionov. Prezhde vsego bylo izucheno raspredelenie ionov stroncija-90 i cezija-137 v prisutstvii Ca, Na i N, i raschitany konstanty ravnovesija. Zatem byla izuchena kinetika fiksacii ionov i ustanovleno neskol'ko parametrov, neobhodimyh dlja rascheta lozha ionoobmennikov. Izuchenie slozhnogo javlenija migracii radioaktivnyh ionov v pochve provodilos' putem razdel'nogo issledovanija kazhdoj sostavnoj ionnyh ravnovesij. (author)

  14. EGNOS: è ora di usarlo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrizio Bernardini

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Dall’inizio di quest’anno EGNOS, European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service, iniziativa dell’Unione Europea e dell’Agenzia Spaziale Europea, è operativo e nel corso dell’anno raggiungerà i livelli di servizio richiesti dapprima per le applicazioni commerciali e, all’inizio del 2007, quelli per le applicazioni Safety Of Life. Sarà dunque il conseguimento finale di EGNOS V2.1 al quale farà seguito un programma di evoluzione articolato in tre altre fasi che si estenderanno almeno fino alla fine del 2011 con ampliamenti della copertura, della fornitura di servizi anche nella nuovabanda L5, fino all’integrazione con Galileo. In questo articolo,che gode della collaborazione della Next SpA, realizzatriceanche dell’applicazione descritta nella rubrica Reports di questo stesso numero, vogliamo evidenziare alcuni aspetti del sistema che non ci sembra ancora ben apprezzato a livello utente e due prospettive note come SISNET ed ESA ALIVE.

  15. Progetto EURAMET: HLT03 DUTy - Dosimetria per terapie ultrasonore. Confronto tra metodi di misura - EURAMET: HLT03 DUTy - Dosimetry for ultrasound therapy. Intercomparison of methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Durando

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available La mancanza di una definizione della dose ultrasonora rende di fatto impossibile la valutazione della più appropriata “quantità” energia ceduta ai tessuti dal fascio ultrasonoro emesso da un trasduttore durante una terapia. Il progetto di ricerca “Dosimetry for Ultrasound Therapy - DUTy”, finanziato dal programma di ricerca EURAMET EMRP, aveva tra i suoi principali obiettivi, oltre al confronto interlaboratorio che validasse le capacità metrologiche dei laboratori partecipanti, la ricerca della definizione di dose ultrasonora che consentisse la definizione di un piano terapeutico specifico per ogni paziente. ------ Standardized and traceable dose has not yet been developed for medical ultrasound applications. This means that the ‘amount’ of ultrasound required for a particular therapy cannot be calculated and that the ‘amount’ actually delivered quantified. The aim of EURAMET EMRP project “Dosimetry for Ultrasound Therapy - DUTy” project was developing the metrological infrastructure (definitions, validated measurement and modelling methods which underpins the specification of dose for therapeutic ultrasound applications allowing appropriate treatment planning and risk assessment.

  16. Rilievo terrestre dell’ambiente urbano con tecnologie a scansione: un test sulla città-industria di Dalmine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Colombo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Il patrimonio edilizio urbano è un bene che caratterizza l’identità dell’uomo che con esso ha vissuto; la conoscenza della realtà originaria, la conservazione e valorizzazione nel tempo comportano interventi di tipo documentale che possono interessare sia gli aspetti costruttivi degli edifici, connessi a dimensioni e geo-localizzazione, sia quelli legati alla forma urbana, sia ancora altri più specifici di tipo storico-artistico e materico. Le nuove tecnologie laser di misura terrestre, integrate da sensori di posizionamento e fotografici, consentono di rilevare in tempi ridotti e di rappresentare anche spazialmente sia singole unità edilizie sia interi insediamenti urbani. Le grandi quantità di dati acquisiti costituiscono un arricchimento della conoscenza geometrica di base, fornita in genere da rappresentazioni cartografiche “vettoriali o raster”. Il lavoro descrive un test di scansione laser, statica e cinematica, avviato sul territorio di Dalmine (Bergamo nell’ambito di un programma di interventi comunali di tutela paesaggistica, conservazione dei caratteri costruttivi e valorizzazione degli insediamenti storici della città, realizzati negli anni venti del secolo scorso e identificativi del suo passato di città-industria. L’approccio al rilievo tende altresì a validare una procedura operativa, basata su componenti tecnologiche innovative, semplice, sufficientemente economica e convenientemente applicabile all’indagine su aree urbane.

  17. Il sistema EGNOS a supporto della navigazione sicura nei porti: il progetto SafePort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Casoria

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Il progetto SafePort, sviluppato all’interno del 7° Programma Quadro promosso dalla Unione Europea con la supervisione di European GNSS Agency (GSA che segue tutti i programmi applicativi inerenti ai sistemi GNSS europei, Galileo ed EGNOS, ha l’obbiettivo di migliorare la capacità recettiva dei porti europei, aumentando al contempo la sicurezza delle operazioni di navigazione, di attracco e di ormeggio. The EGNOS system to support safe navigation in ports: the project SafePORT SafePORT The project, developed within the 7 th Framework Programme  sponsored  by  European  Union  under  the  super-vision of European GNSS Agency (GSA, which follows all ap-plications relating to the European GNSS systems, Galileo and EGNOS, has the aim to improve receptive capacity of Europe-an ports, while increasing the safety of operations, navigation, docking and mooring.

  18. Il sistema EGNOS a supporto della navigazione sicura nei porti: il progetto SafePort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Casoria

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Il progetto SafePort, sviluppato all’interno del 7° Programma Quadro promosso dalla Unione Europea con la supervisione di European GNSS Agency (GSA che segue tutti i programmi applicativi inerenti ai sistemi GNSS europei, Galileo ed EGNOS, ha l’obbiettivo di migliorare la capacità recettiva dei porti europei, aumentando al contempo la sicurezza delle operazioni di navigazione, di attracco e di ormeggio.The EGNOS system to support safe navigation in ports: the project SafePORTSafePORT The project, developed within the 7 th Framework Programme  sponsored  by  European  Union  under  the  super-vision of European GNSS Agency (GSA, which follows all ap-plications relating to the European GNSS systems, Galileo and EGNOS, has the aim to improve receptive capacity of Europe-an ports, while increasing the safety of operations, navigation, docking and mooring.

  19. One central heating boiler for all combustible gases; Een CV-ketel voor alle brandbare gassen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gersen, S.; Darmeveil, H.; Hegge, R. [DNV KEMA Energy and Sustainability, Arnhem (Netherlands)

    2012-06-07

    There is increasing interest in the distribution of sustainable gases (H2, H2/CO, CH4/CO2) and imported gases, such as LNG. The composition of these 'new' gases can differ greatly from the traditional distributed gases. The combustion characteristics may cause undesired effects in household appliances. One of the solutions is to develop equipment that can accept a wide range of gases and mixtures thereof. To this end, within the EDGaR-program (Energy Delta Gas Research) the project 'new gas sensors' is started by the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), Delft University of Technology (TUD) and DNV-KEMA/Gasunie to develop a boiler in which the new gases can be used [Dutch] Er is toenemende interesse in de distributie van duurzame gassen (H2 , H2/CO, CH4/CO2 ) en geimporteerde gassen, zoals LNG. De samenstelling van deze 'nieuwe' gassen kan sterk verschillen van de traditioneel gedistribueerde gassen. De verbrandingseigenschappen kunnen ongewenste effecten veroorzaken in huishoudelijke apparatuur. Een van de oplossingen is het ontwikkelen van apparatuur die een breed scala aan gassamenstellingen kan accepteren. Hiertoe is binnen het EDGaR-programma (Energy Delta Gas Research) een project 'new gas sensors' gestart met ECN, TU Delft en DNV-KEMA/Gasunie voor het ontwikkelen van een CV-ketel die geschikt is voor de nieuwe gassen.

  20. Ozone ground-based measurements by the GASCOD near-UV and visible DOAS system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giovanelli, G.; Bonasoni, P.; Cervino, M.; Evangelisti, F.; Ravegnani, F.

    1994-01-01

    GASCOD, a near-ultraviolet and visible differential optical spectrometer, was developed at CNR's FISBAT Institute in Bologna, Italy, and first tested at Terra Nova Bay station in Antarctica (74.6 deg S, 164.6 deg E) during the summer expeditions 1988-1990 of PNRA (PNRA is the national research program in Antarctica, 'Programma Nazionale di Ricerche in Atartide'). A comparison with coincident O3 total column measurements taken in the same Antarctic area is presented, as is another comparison performed in Italy. Also introduced is an updated model for solar zenith measurements taken from a ground-based, upward-looking GASCOD spectrometer, which was employed for the 1991-92 winter campaign at Aer-Ostersund in Sweden (63.3 deg N, 13.1 deg E) during AESOE (European Arctic Stratospheric Ozone Experiment). The GASCOD can examine the spectra from 300 to 700 nm, in 50 nm steps, by moving the spectrometer's grating. At present, it takes measurements of solar zenith radiation in the 310-342 nm range for O3 and in the 405-463 nm range for NO2.

  1. The Dossier Green Office. The most sustainable industrial building in the Netherlands; Het Dossier Groen Kantoor. Het duurzaamste bedrijfsgebouw van Nederland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verdonk, A.

    2011-03-25

    About forty houses competed for the title of Most sustainable Industrial building Netherlands 2011, an initiative of a Dutch radio program ('Vroege Vogels') and the magazine De Ingenieur (The Engineer). The jury selected the renovated over one hundred years old water tower with newly built pavilion in Bussum as the winner. Besides the winner attention was also paid to innovative concepts applied in other buildings, including the office of Rijkswaterstaat Terneuzen, the Vomar Voordeelmarkt in Heerhugowaard, The Christiaan Huygens College, Eindhoven, the new Administration Centre of the Rabobank in Utrecht, and the office of the district water board Rivierenland Tiel. [Dutch] Zo'n veertig panden streden om de titel Duurzaamste Bedrijfsgebouw van Nederland 2011, een initiatief van het VARA-programma Vroege Vogels en De Ingenieur. De jury wees de gerenoveerde, ruim honderd jaar oude watertoren met nieuw aangebouwd paviljoen in Bussum aan als winnaar. Naast de winnaar wordt ook aandacht besteed aan de toegepaste innovatieve concepten in enkele andere gebouwen. Onder meer het kantoor van de Rijkswaterstaat in Terneuzen, de Vomar Voordeelmarkt in Heerhugowaard, Het Christiaan Huygens College in Eindhoven, het nieuwe Bestuurscentrum van de Rabobank in Utrecht, en het kantoor van Waterschap Rivierenland in Tiel.

  2. La ricerca di un senso di sé: la narrazione nei social network come possibilità di ricostruzione del tessuto sociale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Notarbartolo

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Diventa difficile, in questa situazione sfuggire alla logica della precarietà, così come riuscire a stabilire un discorso continuativo con una o più persone, se non ricorrendo a qualche trucco “tecnico” migliorativo. Rimane il grosso vantaggio rappresentato dalla comunicazione diretta, quasi in tempo reale, se le persone sono in quel momento collegate al programma, quindi sono in grado di replicare. Diventa quindi il possibile veicolo e motore di movimenti di opinione, di gruppi spontanei di persone, di emozioni che possono diventare “oceaniche”, come quando, in uno stadio gremito, tutti si muovono all’unisono sotto il segno della ola. Vengono così soddisfatte la partecipazione e la reciprocità nel bisogno di relazione, e viene soddisfatto il bisogno delle persone di narrazione, ovvero il bisogno di raccontare con leggerezza ad un possibile interlocutore, o ad una platea, la propria storia in frammenti, attraverso commenti puntuali, espressioni di intento, canzoni e immagini. La narrazione, oggi, è fenomeno sempre più raro, grazie al crollo del valore aggiunto rappresentato dall’esperienza, e si è trasformata in storytelling.

  3. Wastes = Resources. Summary (public version). Final report. January 2011 - January 2012; Afval = Grondstof. Samenvatting (publieksversie). Eindrapport. Periode Januari 2011 - Januari 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haffmans, S.; De Lint, S.; Karsch, P. [Partners for Innovation, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2012-02-15

    The aim of the project 'Waste = Resource' is to give a boost to efficient and high-quality (re)use of raw materials and waste streams in the business sector of the harbor area of Amsterdam/Zaanstad, Netherlands. The objective was to set up at least four projects in the period 1 February 2011-31 January 2012. This final report summarizes the work performed, findings and results [Dutch] Het doel van het project 'Afval = Grondstof' is een impuls te geven aan een efficient en hoogwaardig (her)gebruik van grondstoffen en reststromen in het bedrijfsleven in de havenregio Amsterdam/Zaanstad. De doelstelling was om gedurende de projectperiode (1 februari 2011 - 31 januari 2012) minimaal vier projecten op te zetten, die passen binnen de doelstellingen van het programma en waarvan er minimaal twee met de realisatie gestart zijn. Dit eindrapport geeft een overzicht van de uitgevoerde werkzaamheden, bevindingen en de resultaten tot aan de einddatum van het project (eind januari 2012)

  4. Opendata dinamici per i servizi di infomobilità della Smartcity a Bari

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincenzo Barbieri

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Il Comune di Bari ed AMTAB, hanno deciso di “liberare” a settembre 2014 i dati derivanti dal telecontrollo dei mezzi di trasporto AMTAB , rendendo li fruibili in modalità “opendata”. Questa iniziativa punta a soddisfare l’esigenza d’integrare le diverse soluzioni per la mobilità e realizzare un sistema di monitoraggio della mobilità sostenibile e intelligente nell’ambito del programma Bari Smart City.In September 2014 the City of Bari and AMTAB, the local public transport company, decided to open the data derived from the remote control of AMTAB buses with a creative commons CC0 license. The data published are both static and dynamic: they are accessible through web services and provide information, among others, on the list of bus stops and estimated times for the arrival of buses at the stops. These data are used to calculate information on the congestion level of traffic on the roads covered by the city buses. Such information are available as opendata too. This initiative is part of a Living Lab aiming to meet the need of the city of Bari for the integration of different mobility solutions and the implementation of an integrated system for the monitoring of the smart and sustainable mobility in Bari. 

  5. Opendata dinamici per i servizi di infomobilità della Smartcity a Bari

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincenzo Barbieri

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Il Comune di Bari ed AMTAB, hanno deciso di “liberare” a settembre 2014 i dati derivanti dal telecontrollo dei mezzi di trasporto AMTAB , rendendo li fruibili in modalità “opendata”. Questa iniziativa punta a soddisfare l’esigenza d’integrare le diverse soluzioni per la mobilità e realizzare un sistema di monitoraggio della mobilità sostenibile e intelligente nell’ambito del programma Bari Smart City. In September 2014 the City of Bari and AMTAB, the local public transport company, decided to open the data derived from the remote control of AMTAB buses with a creative commons CC0 license. The data published are both static and dynamic: they are accessible through web services and provide information, among others, on the list of bus stops and estimated times for the arrival of buses at the stops. These data are used to calculate information on the congestion level of traffic on the roads covered by the city buses. Such information are available as opendata too. This initiative is part of a Living Lab aiming to meet the need of the city of Bari for the integration of different mobility solutions and the implementation of an integrated system for the monitoring of the smart and sustainable mobility in Bari.

  6. Different Methods for Conditioning Chloride Salt Wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    De Angelis, G.; Fedeli, C.; Capone, M.; Marzo, G.A.; Mariani, M.; Da Ros, M.; Giacobbo, F.; Macerata, E.; Giola, M.

    2015-01-01

    Three different methods have been used to condition chloride salt wastes coming from pyro-processes. Two of them allow to synthesise sodalite, a naturally occurring mineral containing chlorine: the former, starting from Zeolite 4A, which transforms the zeolite into sodalite; the latter, which starts from kaolinite, giving sodalite as well. In addition, a new matrix, termed SAP (SiO 2 -Al 2 O 3 -P 2 O 5 ), has been synthesised. It is able to form different mineral phases which occlude fission metals. The products from the different processes have been fully characterised. In particular the chemical durability of the final waste forms has been determined using the standard product consistency test. According to the results obtained, SAP seems to be a promising matrix for the incorporation of chloride salt wastes from pyro-processes. Financial support from the Nuclear Fission Safety Programme of the European Union (projects ACSEPT, contract FP7-CP-2007- 211 267, and SACSESS, Collaborative Project 323282), as well as from Italian Ministry for Economic Development (Accordo di Programma: Piano Annuale di Realizzazione 2008-2009) is gratefully acknowledged. (authors)

  7. Antarctic environmental specimen bank. A tool for chemical monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soggia, F.; Dalla Riva, S.; Abelmoschi, M.L.; Frache, R. [Genoa Univ., Genoa (Italy). Dipt. di Chimica e Chimica Industriale

    2000-02-01

    The work illustrates the project on Antarctic Environmental Specimen Bank (BCAA), which is an integral part of the Italian project on the micropollutants chemistry (sector on chemical contamination of the Italian Antarctic Research program, PNRA), begun in 1994 when the BCAA was installed in the department of chemistry and industrial chemistry (Genoa University, Italy). Its objective underlines an emphasis on environmental chemistry and the establishment of baselines similar to the approaches followed by the other environmental specimen banks, begun at the end of Sixties with the aim of long-term storage of representative environmental specimens in order to study the presence and the evolution of dangerous substances, but focus on the chemical characterization of samples. [Italian] Il lavoro illustra le finalita' del Progetto su una Banca Campioni Ambientali Antartici (BCAA), che e' parte integrante del progetto Chmica dei microinquinannti del Settore Contaminazione chimica del Programma Nazionale di ricerche in Antartide (ONRA), nata nel 1994 presso il dipartimento di chimicia e chimica industriale dell'universita' di Genova. A differenza di altri progetti internazionali che enfatizzano gli aspetti biologici, ecologici e medici, il progetto BCAA enfatizza la chimica ambientale.

  8. Market segmentation end-consumers of domotica and technical control of behavior. Management summary; Marktsegmentatie eindgebruikers domotica en technische gedragssturing. Management samenvatting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peeck, V.; Verheggen, P.P.; Schreurs, J.P.; Van Amersfoort, I.I. [Motivaction, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2001-07-01

    A qualitative and a quantitative study on the title subject were carried out. The quantitative study is based on the third measurement of the multi-client study in which attention is paid to attitudes (and use) of energy en the interest for domotica. The results are correlated with different types of communities. In the qualitative study attention is paid to motives to purchase domotica applications. [Dutch] Het programma DEMOS heeft in 2001 een aantal strategische studies uitgezet die elk een aspect van domotica en technische gedragsturing nader analyseren. In deze studie wordt specifiek gekeken naar de attitude van verschillende deelsegmenten consumenten inzake energie en de potentieale interesse voor domotica en technische gedragsturing, teneinde energiebesparing te realiseren. Motivaction heeft de studie, die bestaat uit een kwantitatieve en kwalitatieve fase, uitgevoerd. Voor het kwantitatieve deel is gebruik gemaakt van het multiclientonderzoek Socioconsult; gegevens daaruit op het gebied van energie en domotica zijn gekoppeld aan woonbelevingsgroepen. Vervolgens is een aantal domotica concepten voorgelegd aan en getoetst bij individuele consumenten in vier aparte groepsessies.

  9. Il “progetto Palmira” (Siria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Teresa Grassi

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Un nuovo programma di ricerca è stato avviato, nel 2007, a Palmira, con la formazione di una missione congiunta italo-siriana, costituita dall’Università degli Studi di Milano e dalla Direzione Generale delle Antichità e dei Musei della Repubblica Araba Siriana. Lo scopo della ricerca è l’indagine nel quartiere sud-ovest di Palmira, i cui limiti sono definiti a sud-est dal muro perimetrale dell’Agorà, a sud e a sud-ovest dal settore delle Mura di Diocleziano compreso tra l’Agorà e la Porta di Damasco, a nord-ovest e a nord-est dalla Via Colonnata Trasversale e dalla Grande Via Colonnata. Cinta su tre lati da vie colonnate e inclusa all’interno della cerchia muraria tardo-antica, quest’area è conosciuta come “quartiere residenziale”. Malgrado la sua centralità nel tessuto urbano - finora peraltro escluso da sistematiche attività di ricerca e di scavo – nel quartiere non risultano evidenti i resti di grandi monumenti pubblici o religiosi, come nelle aree adiacenti, e appare quindi ragionevole supporne una prevalente, se non esclusiva, destinazione residenziale. Appare quindi necessario una verifica di tale ipotesi attraverso una rigorosa indagine scientifica.

  10. CityLog, verso nuove soluzioni per la distribuzione urbana delle merci

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saverio Zuccotti

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available La logistica urbana rappresenta oggi una delle principali sfide per una mobilità sostenibile. La distribuzione delle merci in città paga infatti in competitività quei problemi di cui è in parte responsabile: traffico, inquinamento, incidenti etc. Negli ultimi anni la sensibilità su questi aspetti di sostenibilità ambientale è cresciuta in maniera netta, e a livello europeo molta strada è stata fatta per predisporre le risposte più adeguate. Il progetto europeo CityLog, finanziato nell’ambito del Settimo Programma Quadro, vede oggi collaborare diciotto partner europei coordinati dal Centro Ricerche Fiat per migliorare la logistica urbana agendo lungo tre direttrici: •\tservizi telematici orientati alla logistica, per dare un contributo decisivo al miglioramento della pianificazione delle missioni utilizzando strumenti per il routing ottimizzato dei veicoli e il supporto informativo costante agli autisti dei veicoli; •\tsoluzioni a bordo veicolo, che rappresentano un fattore chiave per aumentare la flessibilità operativa di camion e furgoni; •\tunità di carico innovative, accuratamente progettate per essere utilizzate su veicoli diversi in missioni diverse. Ne deriva pertanto una famiglia di container compatti con un layout interno riconfigurabile così da poter essere utilizzati per scopi diversi.

  11. Successful projects subsidized by the ROB-programme; Succesvolle ROB-gesubsidieerde projecten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-03-15

    In the past years the Dutch program Reduction Other Greenhouse Gases (ROB) focused on the enhancement, development and implementation of measures aimed at reducing emissions of non-CO2 greenhouse gases. The main focus was directed to agriculture. Cooling and landfills. SenterNovem (currently named NL Agency) offered options for subsidies, knowledge and advice to start working on the reduction of non-CO2 greenhouse gases. A few examples of successful projects financed by ROB subsidy are briefly discussed. [Dutch] Het programma Reductie Overige Broeikasgassen (ROB) richtte zich de afgelopen jaren op het bevorderen, ontwikkelen en toepassen van maatregelen ter vermindering van de uitstoot van niet-CO2 broeikasgassen. De aandacht ging hierbij vooral uit naar de emissies van overige broeikasgassen afkomstig uit de landbouw, koeling en stortplaatsen. SenterNovem (nu het Agentschap NL) bood subsidiemogelijkheden, kennis en advies om met de reductie van niet-CO2 broeikasgassen aan de slag te gaan. Een paar voorbeelden van succesvolle projecten die met ROB-subsidies zijn gefinancierd worden in dit artikel kort besproken.

  12. The island of Lipari (Aeolian archipelago, Italy). Preliminary distribution and evaluation of the significative elements pertaining to the environmental, floristic and faunistic patrimony; Distribuzione e valutazione preliminare di biotipi, flora e fauna: l'Isola di Lipari (Arcipelago Eoliano)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D' Ayala, A. [Parma Univ., Parma (Italy). Dipt. di Scienze Ambientali

    2000-02-01

    The island of Lipari (Italy), with the larger territorial extension and human impact in the Aeolian archipelago, shows a remarkable naturalistic resources richness and it was recently studied with the Italian program Carta della Natura (national law 394/91). In order to identify and prioritize areas for protection planning, are here presented some preliminary results concerning the conservation status, the spatial distribution of habitats of European importance (EU Habitat Directive 43/92), floristic and faunistic elements classified as threatened in Italy (IUCN categories), with reference to the ecological sensibility, anthropic pressure and also the main problems related the natural reserve in way of institution. [Italian] L'articolo presenta uno studio di valutazione ambientale relativo alla distribuzione dei biotipi, della flora e della fauna dell'isola di Lipari, inerente al programma nazionale Carta della Natura (L. 394/91). Vengono discussi alcuni aspetti significativi connessi all'importanza della conservazione degli habitat dell'isola, con riferimento alle problematiche della futura riserva.

  13. From TshwaneLex to TshwanePedia: Creating and Flexibly Maintaining Online Encyclopaedias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles-Maurice De Schryver

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    ABSTRACT: The addition of a restricted number of features to the dictionary (compilation soft-ware TshwaneLex suffices to turn this application into a tool for the creation and maintenance of encyclopaedias. This article gives a brief overview of those extra features, using the online encyclo-paedia of the James Randi Educational Foundation (JREF as case study.


    Keywords: LEXICOGRAPHY, DICTIONARY, ENCYCLOPAEDIA, SOFTWARE, ONLINE, TSHWANELEX, TSHWANEPEDIA, JAMES RANDI EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATION


    *****

    SAMEVATTING: Van TshwaneLex naar TshwanePedia: het samenstellen en flexibel herzien van on line encyclopedieën. De toevoeging van een beperkt aantal uitbreidingen aan de woordenboek(aanmaaksoftware TshwaneLex is voldoende om dit programma met succes voor de samenstelling en herziening van encyclopedieën in te zetten. Dit artikel geeft een kort overzicht van die extra uitbreidingen, en gebruikt de on line encyclopedie van de James Randi Educational Foundation (JREF als illustratie.


    Sleutelwoorden: LEXICOGRAFIE, WOORDENBOEK, ENCYCLOPEDIE, SOFTWARE, ON LINE, TSHWANELEX, TSHWANEPEDIA, JAMES RANDI EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATION

  14. The effects of energy policy of the Dutch province Overijssel; De effecten van het energiebeleid van de Provincie Overijssel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wetzels, W.; Van Hout, M.; Jablonska, B.; Koutstaal, P.R.; Kroon, P.; Lako, P.; Plomp, A.J.; Volkers, C.H. [ECN Beleidsstudies, Petten (Netherlands)

    2013-06-15

    The Dutch Province of Overijssel has the ambition to reach a 20% share of renewable energy in 2020. The province is using a range of policy instruments to improve the investment climate for renewable energy and energy savings. Overijssel has asked ECN to investigate which effects can be expected in the period 2007-2020. The policies have significant positive effects on renewable energy, energy efficiency and employment, but are not sufficient for the province to reach the target of 20% renewable energy in 2020 [Dutch] De Provincie Overijssel heeft de ambitie om in 2020 een aandeel van 20% hernieuwbare energie te bereiken. Overijssel richt zich op het creëren van een goed investeringsklimaat voor hernieuwbare energie en energiebesparing. Het is de bedoeling dat het provinciale energiebeleid bijdraagt aan lastenverlichting, energiezekerheid, werkgelegenheid en innovatie. De Provincie Overijssel heeft ECN gevraagd onderzoek te doen naar de effecten van het Overijsselse energiebeleid. De twee onderzoeksvragen zijn: (1) Wat zijn de beleidseffecten van het Energiepact en het programma Nieuwe Energie; en (2) Wat is de verwachting met betrekking tot het halen van de doelen tot en met 2020.

  15. Organizācijas antivīrusa programmatūras servera puses risinājumu ieviešana

    OpenAIRE

    Beitiks, Artūrs

    2011-01-01

    Darba mērķis ir izvērtēt dažādas Windows Server 2008 operētājsistēmai paredzētas pretvīrusu programmas, izvērtējot to funkcionālās iespējas, kā arī veikt dažāda veida drošības pārbaudījumus, lai spētu sniegt ieteikumus funkcionalitātes un drošības ziņā drošākā pretvīrusu risinājumu izvēlē. Darbā ir sniegts ieskats vīrusu un pretvīrusu vēsturē, to attīstībā līmeņos un darbības pamatprincipos Darba ietveros tika apskatīta pretvīrusu programmu konfigurācija, un spēja reaģēt uz dažāda veida...

  16. The Scottish Research Reactor Centre and its Facilities for the Production and Exploitation of Short-Lived Radioisotopes; Le Réacteur de Recherche Ecossais et ses Installations pour la Production et l'Exploitation des Radioisotopes a Courte Periode; ШОТЛАНДСКИЙ ИССЛЕДОВАТЕЛЬСКИЙ РЕАКТОРНЫЙ ЦЕНТР И ЕГО ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ СРЕДСТВА ДЛЯ ПРОИЗВОДСТВА И ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЯ КОРОТКОЯИВУШХ РАДИОИЗОТОПОВ; El Centro del Reactor de Investigacion de Escocia y sus Instalaciones para la Produccion y Empleo de Radioisotopos de Periodo Corto

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ward, A. [The Royal College of Science and Technology, Glasgow, Scotland (United Kingdom)

    1963-03-15

    , cuartos oscuros, laboratorios para trabajar con actividades del orden del microcurie, criaderos de animales, laboratorios biologicos y quimicos, local de recuento de baja actividad de fondo, sala de conferencias y biblioteca. Se espera que las investigaciones abarquen muchos campos cientificos y tecnologicos. Gran parte de los trabajos se efectuaran con ayuda de radioisotopos de periodo corto. La memoria describe algunos de los proyectos mas caracteristicos. (author) [Russian] V nastojashhee vremja vedetsja stroitel'stvo Shotlandskogo issledovatel'skogo reaktornogo centra, kotoryj vstupit v stroj k vesne 1963 goda. Ustanovka predstavljaet soboj reaktor bakovogo tipa moshhnost'ju 100 kvt s vodjanym ohlazhdeniem i vodografitovym zamedlitelem pri ispol'zovanii obogashhennogo topliva (uran{sup 235}). Jeksperimental'noe tehnicheskoe oborudovanie vkljuchaet bol'shuju teplovuju kolonnu., bol'shoj vodjanoj bak s zashhitoj, a takzhe ustanovku dlja proizvodstva radioizotopov s pnevmaticheskim transporterom. V centre aktivnoj zony imejutsja tri skvoznye truby; imeetsja takzhe odna skvoznaja truba v teplovoj kolonne,a takzhe neskol'ko nebol'shih central'nyh vertikal'nyh stringerov i odin vertikal'nyj stringer secheniem v dkjmov, dohodjashhie do centra aktivnoj zony reaktora. Mnogo gorizontal'nyh stringerov prohodit cherez teplovuju kolonnu, prichem central'nyj stringer prohodit na rasstojanii odnogo dkjma ot toplivnogo baka. V dopolnenie k reaktornomu tehnicheskomu oborudovanie imeetsja mnozhestvo nebol'shih laboratorij. Jeti laboratorii vkljuchajut oborudovanie dlja poluchenija gorjachih istochnikov i raboty s nimi, a takzhe komnatu dlja pereodevanija, jelektricheskie i mehanicheskie masterskie, temnye komnaty, laboratorii dlja raboty s mikrokjurievymi kolichestvami, pomeshhenie dlja zhivotnyh, biologicheskuju i himicheskuju laboratorii, schetnuju komnatu s nizkim urovnem fona, lekcionnyj zal i biblioteku. Predpolagaetsja, chto issledovanija budut kasat'sja mnogih nauchnyh i

  17. In memoriam: Adriano Mantovani, DVM, 1926-2012, Maestro della sanità Pubblica Veterinaria e convinto assertore della unicità della Medicina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anon.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Adriano Mantovani era nato ad Altedo, in Comune di Malalbergo (Bologna nel 1926. Laureato in Medicina Veterinaria a Bologna nel 1948, ha ottenuto il Master in Sanità Pubblica presso l’Università del Minnesota nel 1952 e la Libera Docenza in Microbiologia ed Immunologia nel 1957 ed in Parassitologia nel 1963.Ha svolto i ruoli di : Assistente, Aiuto e Vice-Direttore dell’Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale di Teramo (1949-1962, ricercatore presso la Facoltà di Medicina di Roma (1962-1965, Professore ordinario di Malattie Infettive, Profilassi e Polizia Veterinaria presso la Facoltà di Medicina Veterinaria di Bologna, e Direttore dell’omonimo Istituto (1965-1982, Dirigente di ricerca e Direttore del Laboratorio di Parassitologia dell’Istituto Superiore di Sanità e del Centro di Collaborazione OMS/FAO per la Sanità Pubblica Veterinaria di Roma (1983-1991.Ha fatto parte di numerosi Organismi nazionali ed internazionali. In particolare, è stato membro del Consiglio Superiore di Sanità (1974-1982, Segretario della Federazione Mondiale dei Parassitologi (1971-1987 e, a partire dal 1972, Presidente, Vice-Presidente o Relatore di gruppi di lavoro dell’OMS, della FAO e dell’Ufficio Internazionale delle Epizoozie (OIE. In qualità di esperto, relatore e docente, ha operato in numerosi paesi dell’Africa, Asia, Europa, America latina ed America del nord. Dal 1978, anno di istituzione del Programma Mediterraneo per il controllo delle zoonosi, è uno dei maggiori collaboratori del WHO Mediterranean Zoonoses Control Centre di Atene (MZCC. Nel 1989, ha ottenuto, primo italiano, il premio internazionale assegnato dall’OIE per i contributi offerti alla Sanità Pubblica Veterinaria e nel 2001 gli è stato conferito il riconoscimento internazionale del MZCC per i molti anni di attività svolti a sostegno del Programma per il controllo delle zoonosi e per il benessere dei Paesi dell’area mediterranea. Dal 1994, è Membro della Commissione

  18. Environmental radioactivity networks in Italy, 1994-1997; Reti nazionali di sorveglianza della radioattivita' ambientale in Italia: 1994-1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belli, M; Notaro, M; Rosamilia, S; Sansone, U [Agenzia Nazionale per la Protezione dell' Ambiente, Rome (Italy). Dipt. StatoAmbiente, Controlli e Sistemi Informativi, Unita' Interdipartimentale di Metrologia Ambientale

    1999-07-01

    fine della valutazione della dose ricevuta dalla popolazione itlaiana a seguito dell'esposizione alle radiazioni derivanti dai radionuclidi presenti nell'ambiente. Le Reti Nazionali consistono in un insieme di punti di osservazione localizzati sul territorio nazionale definiti per analizzare l'andamento spazio-temporale delle concentrazioni dei radioelementi in matrici ambientali ed alimentari dei diversi comparti ambientali interessati dalla diffusione della radioattivita' e dal trasferimento di questa all'uomo. Le Reti sono progettate in modo da permettere anche la rilevazione di fenomeni di accumulo dei radionuclidi a lunga vita media nell'ambiente. Le frequenze di campionamento delle matrici ambientali previste nelle diverse reti, tengono conto dei tempi di accumulo della radioattivita' nei vari comparti ambientali. Il Decreto Legislativo N. 230 del 1995 affida all'ANPA il coordinamento tecnico delle Reti Nazionali. In questo ambito l'ANPA e' tenuta alla raccolta e all'analisi dei dati di radioattivita' ambientale provenienti dalle Istituzioni partecipanti alle Reti Nazionali, assicurandone la diffusione periodica tramite appositi rapporti annuali. In ottemperanza di accordi internazionali, gli stessi dati sono trasmessi anche alla Commissione Europea. All'ANPA sono inoltre affidate attivita per la normalizzazione dei metodi di prelievo e di misura delle matrici ambientali e alimentari. Per garantire l'affidabilita' generale dei dati pubblicati e delle valutazioni conseguenti e permettere agli Istituti, Enti ed Organismi che partecipano alle Reti Nazionali il raggiungimento di livelli di accuratezza e di affidabilita adeguati agli scopi del controllo ambientale, i laboratori responsabili dei prelievi e delle misure e facenti parte delle Reti Nazionali, partecipano sistematicamente ad un programma di affidabilita' organizzato dall'ANPA in collaborazione con l'Istituto Nazionale di Metrologia delle Radiazioni Ionizzanti (ENEA). Il programma comprende campagne

  19. Environmental radioactivity networks in Italy, 1994-1997; Reti nazionali di sorveglianza della radioattivita' ambientale in Italia: 1994-1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belli, M.; Notaro, M.; Rosamilia, S.; Sansone, U. [Agenzia Nazionale per la Protezione dell' Ambiente, Rome (Italy). Dipt. StatoAmbiente, Controlli e Sistemi Informativi, Unita' Interdipartimentale di Metrologia Ambientale

    1999-07-01

    ' ambientale sul territorio nazionale, al fine della valutazione della dose ricevuta dalla popolazione itlaiana a seguito dell'esposizione alle radiazioni derivanti dai radionuclidi presenti nell'ambiente. Le Reti Nazionali consistono in un insieme di punti di osservazione localizzati sul territorio nazionale definiti per analizzare l'andamento spazio-temporale delle concentrazioni dei radioelementi in matrici ambientali ed alimentari dei diversi comparti ambientali interessati dalla diffusione della radioattivita' e dal trasferimento di questa all'uomo. Le Reti sono progettate in modo da permettere anche la rilevazione di fenomeni di accumulo dei radionuclidi a lunga vita media nell'ambiente. Le frequenze di campionamento delle matrici ambientali previste nelle diverse reti, tengono conto dei tempi di accumulo della radioattivita' nei vari comparti ambientali. Il Decreto Legislativo N. 230 del 1995 affida all'ANPA il coordinamento tecnico delle Reti Nazionali. In questo ambito l'ANPA e' tenuta alla raccolta e all'analisi dei dati di radioattivita' ambientale provenienti dalle Istituzioni partecipanti alle Reti Nazionali, assicurandone la diffusione periodica tramite appositi rapporti annuali. In ottemperanza di accordi internazionali, gli stessi dati sono trasmessi anche alla Commissione Europea. All'ANPA sono inoltre affidate attivita per la normalizzazione dei metodi di prelievo e di misura delle matrici ambientali e alimentari. Per garantire l'affidabilita' generale dei dati pubblicati e delle valutazioni conseguenti e permettere agli Istituti, Enti ed Organismi che partecipano alle Reti Nazionali il raggiungimento di livelli di accuratezza e di affidabilita adeguati agli scopi del controllo ambientale, i laboratori responsabili dei prelievi e delle misure e facenti parte delle Reti Nazionali, partecipano sistematicamente ad un programma di affidabilita' organizzato dall'ANPA in

  20. Tecnocrazia e politica in Italia dalla crisi del 1907 al Primo Dopoguerra = Technocracy and political crisis in Italy from 1907 till the early after World War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcello Benegiamo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Uscito a pezzi dalla pesante crisi finanziaria e industriale del 1907, che aveva messo a nudo i limiti della struttura economica del Paese, il capitalismo industriale italiano elaborò un programma, portato avanti fino al primo dopoguerra, che prevedeva l’instaurazione di un governo di tecnocrati. Questo avrebbe dovuto trainare il Paese fuori dalla crisi, pianificarne l’economia e trasformarlo in una grande potenza industriale, con forti connotazioni imperialistiche. Segnali in tale direzione si erano registrati anche nei decenni precedenti, tra fine Ottocento e inizi Novecento, quando ebbe inizio un processo di concentrazione nel settore siderurgico e meccanico. Un percorso peraltro stimolato dalle commesse statali sempre più consistenti (Galli Della Loggia, 1970; Battilossi, 1999; Amatori e Colli, 1999; Bolchini, 2002. La crisi industriale e finanziaria del 1907 e la recessione a livello mondiale che ne seguì, accelerarono la soluzione tecnocratica, che prevedeva un’alleanza, più o meno stretta, con una parte della classe politica e l’entrata in guerra. Negli anni immediatamente seguenti il conflitto, il potere dei tecnocrati sulla scena politica italiana sembrò accrescersi notevolmente, soprattutto quando il governo progettò un programma di espansione economica nelle regioni del Caucaso, nei Balcani e nel Levante ex ottomano, territori in grado di fornire materie prime e di assorbire la produzione italiana in eccesso rispetto alle richieste di un mercato interno asfittico. La collaborazione tra mondo imprenditoriale, bancario e politico non produsse il risultato sperato. La caduta del governo Nitti e il ruolo destabilizzante e filotedesco della Banca Commerciale Italiana nell’Est europeo e nel Caucaso furono tra le cause principali che impedirono il decollo del progetto tecnocratico, provocando una dura reazione da parte dei fratelli Perrone alla guida del gruppo Ansaldo. Heavily Weakened by the financial and industrial crisis

  1. Il Corporativismo: un paradosso della politica economica dello stato fascista = Corporativism: a paradox of the economic policy of the fascist state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natascia Ridolfi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Uscito a pezzi dalla pesante crisi finanziaria e industriale del 1907, che aveva messo a nudo i limiti della struttura economica del Paese, il capitalismo industriale italiano elaborò un programma, portato avanti fino al primo dopoguerra, che prevedeva l’instaurazione di un governo di tecnocrati. Questo avrebbe dovuto trainare il Paese fuori dalla crisi, pianificarne l’economia e trasformarlo in una grande potenza industriale, con forti connotazioni imperialistiche. Segnali in tale direzione si erano registrati anche nei decenni precedenti, tra fine Ottocento e inizi Novecento, quando ebbe inizio un processo di concentrazione nel settore siderurgico e meccanico. Un percorso peraltro stimolato dalle commesse statali sempre più consistenti (Galli Della Loggia, 1970; Battilossi, 1999; Amatori e Colli, 1999; Bolchini, 2002. La crisi industriale e finanziaria del 1907 e la recessione a livello mondiale che ne seguì, accelerarono la soluzione tecnocratica, che prevedeva un’alleanza, più o meno stretta, con una parte della classe politica e l’entrata in guerra. Negli anni immediatamente seguenti il conflitto, il potere dei tecnocrati sulla scena politica italiana sembrò accrescersi notevolmente, soprattutto quando il governo progettò un programma di espansione economica nelle regioni del Caucaso, nei Balcani e nel Levante ex ottomano, territori in grado di fornire materie prime e di assorbire la produzione italiana in eccesso rispetto alle richieste di un mercato interno asfittico. La collaborazione tra mondo imprenditoriale, bancario e politico non produsse il risultato sperato. La caduta del governo Nitti e il ruolo destabilizzante e filotedesco della Banca Commerciale Italiana nell’Est europeo e nel Caucaso furono tra le cause principali che impedirono il decollo del progetto tecnocratico, provocando una dura reazione da parte dei fratelli Perrone alla guida del gruppo Ansaldo. Heavily Weakened by the financial and industrial crisis

  2. Close to the wind. A European strategy for the (top)sectors in the Netherlands; Scherp aan de wind. Handvat voor een Europese strategie voor Nederlandse (top)sectoren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-08-15

    ) Strengthen Europe's position in the global arena; (2) Use European resources strategically as leverage for national policy; (3) Align with European societal priorities; (4) Develop a strategic plan for employing European and Dutch policy in each priority area; and (5) Develop the basic principles of the strategic plan for each individual policy and implement them consistently. [Dutch] De centrale rol van onderzoek en innovatie in de nieuwe Europese strategie biedt grote kansen voor Nederland. Het vergt wel een aantal aanpassingen in het overheidsbeleid: Nederland moet voluit gaan bijdragen aan het versterken van de Europese positie. Maar Nederland moet tegelijkertijd aan de eigen positie denken. Dat kan door 'scherp aan de wind' te gaan varen en strategischer met Europees beleid om te gaan. De raad doet een aantal aanbevelingen om nog effectiever met Europees beleid om te gaan en om de aansluiting te verbeteren, onder andere: Benut de Europese Structuurfondsen maximaal om Nederlandse topregio's als Eindhoven en Wageningen verder te ontwikkelen; Zet een co-financieringsfonds op om (bedrijfs)deelname aan Europese programma's in de toekomst te garanderen en te stimuleren; Zet de programma's van het ERC en NWO meer complementair in, om zo dubbelingen in het onderzoek te voorkomen.

  3. The European Regulation no. 761/2001 EMAS; Il Regolamento Europeo no.761/2001 EMAS: principi, obiettivi e principali esperenze in atto

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andriola, L.; Battellini, S. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Unita tecnico scientifica Protezione e Sviluppo dell' Ambiente e del Territorio, Tecnologie Ambientali

    2005-08-15

    The Regulation 761/2001 EMAS (Environmental Management and Audit Scheme), introduced by the 1836/93 Community regulation, is one of the tools activated by the European Union in order to apply the 5. and 6. Community Environmental Programme, in the field of firm-environment interactions at first (overcoming the old Command and Control logic), then by extending its applicability to ali Organisations. EMAS is a voluntary tool that enables Organisations to evaluate their own interaction with the Environment, to plan and check the yearly improvement of their environmental performance, providing the public documented relevant information. The report illustrates the procedure far applying this regulation, its implementation and new application trends in Italy and the advantages far firms. [Italian] II Regolamento n.761/2001 EMAS (Environmental Management and Audit Scheme), introdotto con il Regolamento Comunitario 1836/93, e uno degli strumenti che l'Unione europea ha attivato per l'applicazione del quinto e sesto Programma di Politica e Azione per l'Ambiente, inizialmente con particolare riferimento alle interazioni impresa-ambiente (superando la vecchia logica del Command and Control), e successivamente estendendone la possibilita di impiego a tutte le Organizzazioni. Lo strumento EMAS e uno strumento volontario che consente alle organizzazioni di analizzare la propria posizione rispetto all' Ambiente, pianificando e monitorando di anno in anno il miglioramento della propria prestazione ambientale, comunicandone alcune pertinenti informazioni di sintesi al pubblico in forma documentata. II rapporto illustra il percorso per l'applicazione del Regolamento, il suo stato di attuazione e le ultime tendenze applicative in Italia, i vantaggi di EMAS per le Organizzazioni.

  4. "Accessible à tous": la rivista «Mouseion» per la promozione del ruolo sociale dei musei negli anni ’30 del Novecento / “Accessible à tous”: the magazine «Mouseion» for the promotion of social role of museums during the 1930s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrizia Dragoni

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Nel 1927 la commissione di esperti riunita per mettere a punto il programma dell’Office International des Musées (OIM, istituito l’anno precedente, aveva adottato alcune risoluzioni relative anche al ruolo sociale che il museo moderno era sempre più chiamato a svolgere. L’articolo, a partire da queste prime indicazioni, affronta, attraverso l’analisi della rivista ufficiale dell’OIM «Mouseion»,  il tema dello sviluppo delle attività sociali e educative promosse dall’Office e declinate nei principali paesi membri della Società delle Nazioni fino al 1939, anno in cui si sarebbe dovuto svolgere un convegno internazionale sul tema, i cui risultati avrebbero dovuto costituire il terzo volume degli atti di Muséographie. Il convegno, di cui vengono qui riferiti proposte e programmi, non venne mai realizzato a causa dello scoppio della seconda guerra mondiale.   In 1927, the committee of experts convened to study the program of the Office International des Musées (OIM, established the previous year, had adopted a number of resolutions relating to the organization of the institution, cataloging and social role of the modern museum was increasingly called upon to perform. The paper, based on these early indications, addresses through the analysis of the official magazine «Mouseion» the issue of the development of educational and social activities promoted by the OIM and declined in the major member countries of the League of Nations until 1939, the year in which would have to play an international conference on whose acts would have to be the third volume of Muséographie. The conference, which we outline here the proposals and programs, was never realized due to the outbreak of the World War II.

  5. Detection system qualification for direct measurement of thyroid internal contamination by radioiodine; Qualificazione di un sistema di rilevazione trasportabile per misure dirette di contaminazione interna di radioiodio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tiberi, V.; Battisti, P.; Gualdrini, G. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Ezio Clementel, Bologna (Italy). Dipt. Ambiente

    1999-07-01

    The work deals with a detection system qualification for direct measurements of thyroid internal contamination by radioiodine. The isotopes {sup 131}I and {sup 125}I are the most frequently used in nuclear medicine. Because of their volatility they are very dangerous for thyroid contamination by inhalation. The system has been projected to be easily and fast used and above all transportable where the control is necessary. These characteristic make it able to realise supervision programs of internal contamination by radioiodine. In fact due the very high control frequencies (each 15 days for {sup 131}I), these programs are usually very expensive and demanding when they are executed in external measurement laboratories. The following steps are described: devices presentation, calculation of energy and efficiency parameters, minimum detectable activity, time system reliability, best operative conditions in the measurements. At the end an application example of the system is reported. [Italian] Il presente lavoro consiste nella qualificazione di un sistema di rivelazione per misure dirette di contaminazione interna da radioiodio in tiroide, progettato per essere maneggevole, di semplice e rapido impiego e trasportabile sul luogo dove e' richiesta la misura. Il sistema e' stato studiato per la realizzazione di programmi di sorveglianza della contaminazione interna da radioiodio che, richiedendo frequenze di controllo elevate (quindicinali per lo {sup 131}I), sono estremamente impegnativi ed onerosi, soprattutto se i controlli vengono effettuati in centri di misura esterni. Dopo la determinazione dei parametri della calibrazione in energia ed efficienza, la minima attivita' rivelabile, l'affidabilita' del sistema nel tempo e le condizioni operative ottimali da adottare in sede di misura, viene verificata la piena affidabilita' del sistema in un programma di sorveglianza della contaminazione interna da radioiodio.

  6. Broad band seismology in the Scotia region. The base Esperanza seismological observatory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Russi, M.; Costa, G.; Febrer, J.

    1995-08-01

    The lithospheric study and the identification of relevant lateral heterogeneities in the Antarctic continent and borderlands, is essential to understand the geodynamic evolution both of the continental and oceanic bordering regions. The complexity of the geological evolution and the structural properties of the lithosphere in the Scotia area have been stressed by many authors. The present setting of the area is the result of the mutual interaction among the Antarctic, South American and several minor plants whose geodynamic history and actual boundaries are still partially unknown. The intense seismic activity that characterizes the region encourages the use of the seismological approach to investigate the lithospheric structure of the area. Since January 1992 a broad band three components station is operating at the Antarctic base Esperanza in the NE area of Antarctic Peninsula. The station has been installed with financial support of the Italian Programma Nazionale di Ricerche in Antartide (PNRA) by Osservatorio Geofisico Sperimentale (OGS) and Instituto Antartico Argentino (IAA). Russi et al. (1994) have analyzed selected recordings using the frequency-time analysis (FTAN) method obtaining some relevant information on the large scale structure of the lithosphere in the Scotia region even if data recorded by a single station were available. The extension of our analysis to further events and to horizontal component records is here presented. Within the framework of the international co-operation to the Antarctic Seismographic Network, the OGS and the IAA are upgrading the Esperanza station and installing an additional broad band station near the town of Ushuaia (Tierra del Fuego, Argentina) with the financial support of PNRA. The inversion of the dispersion curves through the FTAN of the signals recorded by an increased number of stations and generated by events with source-station paths spanning the region will allow us to extract the elastic and anelastic

  7. Activating welfare recipients with health complaints: Reasons for failure of a cognitive training programme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inge Bramsen

    2011-03-01

    Een groeiende nadruk op de activering van uitkeringsgerechtigden heeft in veel Westerse verzorgingsstaten geleid tot de ontwikkeling van interventies die gericht zijn op uitkeringsgerechtigden met gezondheidsklachten. Vormen van dwang, zoals verplichte participatie, worden meer en meer toegepast binnen dit activeringsbeleid. Een voorbeeld hiervan is het Nederlandse project “Gezond aan de Slag”, dat een interventie ontwikkelde en evalueerde waarin een fysiek trainingsprogramma gecombineerd wordt met cognitieve training. Hoewel HtW als “best practice” gold, liet een randomized trial geen positieve effecten van de interventie zien. Omdat het cognitieve trainingsprogramma, gebaseerd op rationeel-emotieve therapie, niet eerder afzonderlijk werd bestudeerd, werd een diepgaande kwalitatieve studie uitgevoerd. Getracht werd om de oorzaken van het falen van het programma in kaart te brengen. Zes, gericht geselecteerde, trainers werden geïnterviewd. De resultaten lieten zien dat de trainers problemen hadden met de heterogeniteit van de deelnemersgroep en op andere problemen, verwachtingen en arbeidsmarktobstakels stuitten dan vooraf verwacht. De verplichte aard van HtW had een negatief effect op de motivatie van zowel deelnemers als trainers. In de discussieparagraaf van dit artikel worden vraagtekens geplaatst bij de veronderstelling dat de coping stijl en cognities van uitkeringsgerechtigden met gezondheidsproblemen de belangrijkste hindernissen zijn voor het vinden van werk, en worden vraagtekens geplaatst bij het beleid om fysieke beperkingen van deelnemers te negeren. De auteurs suggereren dat met betrekking tot dit complexe praktijkprobleem, verbetering kan worden bereikt door aanpassen en leren van de interventie gedurende de toepassing daarvan toe te staan, en door expliciet te reflecteren op de normatieve aspecten van de interventie, en de perspectieven van de uitkeringsgerechtigden zelf.

  8. Una ricerca sulla violenza di genere nell’Ateneo bolognese / Une recherche sur la violence de genre à l’Université de Bologne (Italie / A research on gender violence at the University of Bologna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bisi Roberta

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Nell’articolo vengono proposte alcune riflessioni sui dati emersi da una ricerca condotta tra le studentesse universitarie dell’Ateneo bolognese. La ricerca in tema di “Gender –Based Violence, Stalking and Fear of Crime – Prevention and Intervention”, inserita entro il programma dell’Unione Europea “Prevention of and Fight Against Crime”, ha posto in evidenza la necessità che l’Università si impegni a preparare dal punto di vista professionale tutti gli operatori che, a vario titolo, lavorano su queste problematiche (volontari, forze dell’ordine, medici, operatori sociali, avvocati, giudici, ecc.. RésuméCet article a pour but de présenter quelques pistes de réflexion sur les données venant de la recherche “Gender –Based Violence, Stalking and Fear of Crime – Prevention and Intervention”. Les réponses des étudiantes de l’Université de Bologne ont mis l’accent sur le fait qu’il est nécessaire que l’Université s’engage plus activement dans le développement des programmes de formation pour tous les professionnels travaillant sur ce sujet (avocats, juges, policiers, médecins, volontaires, travailleurs sociaux.AbstractThe article suggests some reflections on data gathered from a research among female students of the University of Bologna. The research dealing with “Gender –Based Violence, Stalking and Fear of Crime – Prevention and Intervention”, highlighted the important role of the University in training all professionals involved in this matter (doctors, lawyers, police forces, judges, volunteers, social workers.

  9. Charted Choices 2013-2017. An analysis of ten election programmes. Effects on the economy and the environment; Keuzes in Kaart 2013-2017. Een analyse van tien verkiezingsprogramma's. Effecten op economie en milieu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-05-15

    At the request of ten political parties, the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (CPB) and PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency have mapped out the effects of the respective election platforms on the economy and the environment. The analysis shows that each of the proposed policy measures included in the platforms has both advantages and disadvantages. The platforms thus reflect the diverse choices that have been made by the parties. The publication presents the impact of party programs on public finances, purchasing power and employment. Also included in the publication are analyses in the field of mobility, energy and climate, nature, education, housing and healthcare [Dutch] De verkiezingsprogramma's 2012 laten zien welke keuzes politieke partijen maken voor de jaren 2013-2017. De programma's tonen aan dat er echt iets te kiezen valt voor de komende kabinetsperiode. Hoe gaan we na de economische crisis de overheidsfinancien weer op orde brengen en hoe snel? Verhogen we de AOW-leeftijd en beperken we de aftrek van de hypotheekrente, of juist niet? Hoe verminderen we de filedruk? Willen we klimaatverandering aanpakken en zo ja, hoe dan? Is het de moeite waarde om meer geld uit te geven aan onderwijs of innovatie? Hoeveel trekken we uit voor natuur? Hoe kunnen we de woningmarkt beter laten functioneren? Hoe gaan we om met de stijging van de kosten van de zorg? In de aanloop naar de verkiezingen van 12 september 2012 hebben tien politieke partijen - VVD, PvdA, PVV, CDA, SP, D66, GroenLinks, ChristenUnie, SGP, DPK - gevraagd om een analyse van hun verkiezingsprogramma's. Het CPB heeft de economische effecten geanalyseerd, het PBL de effecten op milieu.

  10. L'educazione di un "Architetto-Urbanista". Manuel Solà-Morales e la Pedagogia Urbana all'ETSAB / The Education of an "Architect-Urbanist". Manuel Solà-Morales and Urban Pedagogy at the ETSAB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Caldeira

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In qualità di docente, fondatore e direttore del Laboratori d’Urbanisme de Barcelona presso la ETSAB dal 1969 al 2012, l’architetto e urbanista spagnolo Manuel Solà-Morales ha curato la riforma chiave della pedagogia urbana della scuola di Barcellona. Deciso a superare la tendenza tecnocratica che aveva contraddistinto l’architettura e la pianificazione spagnola durante l’ultimo decennio del regime di Franco, l’obiettivo di Solà-Morales fu la formazione di quello che definì l’‘architetto-urbanista’ attraverso un programma propedeutico che accorpava architettura e urbanistica in un’unica disciplina. Sotto l’egida della morfologia urbana, il nuovo corso di Urbanistica impartito dal corpo docente del LUB diede il via allo studio della città e della sua storia come base principale di ogni progetto architettonico e urbano. / As professor and founding director of the Laboratori d’Urbanisme at the ETSAB from 1969 to 2012, Manuel Solà-Morales oversaw the pivotal reform of urban pedagogy in the Barcelona school. Determined to overcome the technocratic tendency that marked Spanish architecture and planning in the final decade of Franco’s regime, Solà-Morales’ mission was to educate what he defined as the ‘architect-urbanist’ through a foundational program that unified architecture and studies of urban form as a single discipline. Under the aegis of urban morphology, the new course of Urbanística taught by LUB’s team instituted the study of the city and its history as the primary ground for every architectural and urban project.

  11. Sviluppi di Ricevitori E di Componentistica Per Banda 3 mm Ad INAF-OA Cagliari

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarrini, Alessandro

    2017-11-01

    L'INAF-OA Cagliari (OACa) sta sviluppando un ricevitore criogenico a basso rumore basato su un mixer SSB (Single Side Band) a superconduttore SIS (Superconductor-Insulator-Superconductor) per la banda 3 mm. Il ricevitore, acquistato da IRAM, è stato fortemente modificato per essere adattato al fuoco Gregoriano di SRT (Sardinia Radio Telescope). Lo strumento è caratterizzato da una nuova criogenia a ciclo chiuso 4 K (per evitare l'uso di elio liquido in antenna), da un nuovo oscillatore locale (di tipo ALMA Banda 3) e da un nuovo sistema di controllo e di monitoraggio basato su schede Raspberry ed Arduino sviluppato ad OACa. Verranno presentati i recenti sviluppi sul ricevitore, inclusi i risultati preliminari della misura della temperatura di rumore, che raggiunge un valore pari a Trec=66 K alla frequenza di 86 GHz, nonostante la criogenia non sia ancora ottimizzata. L'INAF-OACa è coinvolto nel progetto AETHRA (Advanced European Technologies for Heterodyne Receivers for Astronomy) nel quadro del programma Radionet/Horizon2020 per il quale sta contribuendo al WP1 (Work Package 1). Lo scopo del WP1 è di sviluppare e costruire un dimostratore di un array di ricevitori a doppia polarizzazione per la banda 3 mm basato su amplificatori criogenici a basso rumore (LNA) in tecnologia a semiconduttore MMIC. Nell'ambito del WP1 l'OACa ha in carico il progetto di un OrthomodeTransducer (OMT) in guida d'onda o in tecnologia planare per la banda 72-116 GHz che sia integrabile con amplificatori MMICs ed adatto all'integrazione in un array da installare nel piano focale di un radiotelescopio. Verranno presentati i design preliminari degli OMT per AETHRA, che sono basati su prototipi sviluppati in passato da OACa.

  12. Energy conservation in the existing Dutch private housing stock; Energiebesparing bestaande koopwoningen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rooijers, F.J.; Leguijt, C.

    2013-07-15

    One of the elements of the 'SER energy agreement' concluded by the Netherlands Social and Economic Council (SER) is concerned with energy efficiency in the current private housing stock. Over the past few decades there have been many programmes in this area, and a number of measures have certainly been implemented. To say that these have been overwhelmingly successful in securing the Dutch government's climate policy targets for the built environment would be an exaggeration, though. The pace of change has been too slow. The Netherlands Society for Nature and Environment (Natuur en Milieu) asked CE Delft to estimate the impact of a package of measures for improving the energy performance of existing dwellings, comprising incentives up to the year 2020 and an obligatory label C or better thereafter. The data in this brief report are derived largely from the dashboard model 'New instruments for the existing housing stock' developed by CE Delft in collaboration with ECN [Dutch] In het SER-energieakkoord speelt energiebesparing in de bestaande woningbouw een relevante rol. Vele programma's zijn de afgelopen decennia de revue gepasseerd, waarbij zeker besparingsmaatregelen zijn getroffen. Er is echter geen sprake van doorslaggevend succes dat de klimaatdoelen van de Rijksoverheid in de gebouwde omgeving daadwerkelijk binnen bereik brengt. Meer tempo is nodig. Natuur en Milieu heeft CE Delft gevraagd om de effecten in beeld te brengen van een pakket voor de verbetering van de energiekwaliteit van bestaande woningen dat bestaat uit verleiden tot 2020, met na 2020 een verplichting tot label C of beter. De cijfers in deze notitie zijn in belangrijke mate ontleend aan het dashboardmodel 'Nieuwe instrumenten voor de bestaande bouw' van CE Delft dat is ontwikkeld in samenwerking met ECN.

  13. International Meeting on Needs and Challenges in Translational Medicine: filling the gap between basic research and clinical applications. Book of abstract

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moretti, F; Belardelli, F [Department of Cell Biology and Neurosciences, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome (Italy); Romero, M [Alleanza Contro il Cancro, Rome, (Italy)

    2008-07-01

    This multidisciplinary international meeting is organized by the Istituto Superiore di Sanita, in collaboration with Alleanza Contro il Cancro (Alliance Against Cancer, the Network of the Italian Comprehensive Cancer Centres) and EATRIS (European Advanced Translational Research Infrastructure in Medicine). The primary goal of the meeting is to provide a scientific forum to discuss the recent progress in translational research. Moreover, a particular focus will be devoted to the identification of needs, obstacles and new opportunities to promote translational research in biomedicine. The scientific programme will cover a broad range of fields including: cancer; neurosciences; rare diseases; cardiovascular diseases and infectious and autoimmune diseases. Furthermore, special attention will be given to the discussion of how comprehensive initiatives for addressing critical regulatory issues for First-In-Man - Phase I clinical studies can potentially improve the efficiency and quality of biomedical and translational research at an international level. [Italian] Questo convegno internazionale multidisciplinare e organizzato dall'Istituto Superiore di Sanita, in collaborazione con Alleanza Contro il Cancro (la rete italiana degli IRCCS oncologici) ed EATRIS (European Advanced Translational Research Infrastructure in Medicine). L'obiettivo principale del convegno e di rappresentare un forum scientifico per lo scambio di informazioni e di opinioni sui nuovi progressi nel campo della ricerca traslazionale. Un interesse particolare sara rivolto inoltre all'identificazione dei bisogni, degli ostacoli e delle nuove opportunita per promuovere la ricerca traslazionale in biomedicina. Il programma scientifico coprira una vasta area di campi di ricerca, tra cui cancro, neuroscienze, malattie rare, malattie cardiovascolari, malattie infettive ed autoimmuni. Particolare attenzione sara rivolta poi al dibattito sul modo in cui iniziative di vasta portata, che riguardano gli aspetti

  14. Phytoextraction. A new pilot-plant project for the soil decontamination; Fitodecontaminazione. Un sistema pilota per la fito-decontaminazione di suoli inquinati da piombo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bregante, M.; Paganetto, A.; Magistrelli, P.; Martella, L.; Gambale, F. [Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Cibernetica e Biofisica, Genoa (Italy); Sacchi, G.A.; Rivetta, A.; Cocucci, R. [Milan Univ., Milan (Italy). Dipt. di Produzione Vegetale

    2001-12-01

    The environmental pollution is continuously increasing owing to anthropic activity. High concentrations of heavy metals may have drastic consequences on human health, particularly on children development. Conventional approaches have high economical and environmental costs that do not allow soil decontamination unless sites are particularly valuable. Phytoextraction uses plants producing biomass to transfer metals from the soil to the aerial parts of the plants at the expenses of solar energy. This work illustrates the activity performed within a Life-Environment european project in order to verify whether phytoremediation can be transferred from the laboratory scale to the field scale. [Italian] L'inquinamento del suolo dovuto all'accumulo di metalli come conseguenza delle attivita' umane sta continuamente e drammaticamente aumentando. Principali cause di contaminazione sono l'accumulo di rifiuti urbani, l'utilizzo di fertilizzanti, il traffico motorizzato, gli inceneritori, le centrali termoelettriche, le emissiioni industriali nocive, lo sfruttamento e dismissione di miniere. La decontaminazione di suoli inquinati da metalli e' un problema estremamente difficile da trattare. La bonifica di suoli inquinati da metalli mediante l'utilizzo di piante metallofite e/o agronomiche (fitoestrazione) emerge quindi come una tecnica estremamente interessante. Viene percio' illustrato il progetto PhyLeS (Phytoextraction of Lead from Soil), un progetto pilota finanziato dal programma Europeo Life/Ambiente (DG XI), che si propone di verficare i potenziali vantaggi e la trasferibilita' della metodica di fitoestrazione assistita dalla scala di laboratorio a quella di campo.

  15. Basic distribution free identification tests for small size samples of environmental data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Federico, A.G.; Musmeci, F. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Ambiente

    1998-01-01

    Testing two or more data sets for the hypothesis that they are sampled form the same population is often required in environmental data analysis. Typically the available samples have a small number of data and often then assumption of normal distributions is not realistic. On the other hand the diffusion of the days powerful Personal Computers opens new possible opportunities based on a massive use of the CPU resources. The paper reviews the problem introducing the feasibility of two non parametric approaches based on intrinsic equi probability properties of the data samples. The first one is based on a full re sampling while the second is based on a bootstrap approach. A easy to use program is presented. A case study is given based on the Chernobyl children contamination data. [Italiano] Nell`analisi di dati ambientali ricorre spesso il caso di dover sottoporre a test l`ipotesi di provenienza di due, o piu`, insiemi di dati dalla stessa popolazione. Tipicamente i dati disponibili sono pochi e spesso l`ipotesi di provenienza da distribuzioni normali non e` sostenibile. D`altra aprte la diffusione odierna di Personal Computer fornisce nuove possibili soluzioni basate sull`uso intensivo delle risorse della CPU. Il rapporto analizza il problema e presenta la possibilita` di utilizzo di due test non parametrici basati sulle proprieta` intrinseche di equiprobabilita` dei campioni. Il primo e` basato su una tecnica di ricampionamento esaustivo mentre il secondo su un approccio di tipo bootstrap. E` presentato un programma di semplice utilizzo e un caso di studio basato su dati di contaminazione di bambini a Chernobyl.

  16. Verhalen sprokkelen langs de frontlijn. Een kritische blik op Ten Oorlog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans Boers

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Gathering Stories along the Front: A Critical Look at Ten Oorlog [To War]This article reflects critically on the popular television programme Ten Oorlog, thereby examining the field of tension between history and entertainment, between historians and ‘the public’. History can be addressed via various television formats as an historical documentary or a travel programme. An analysis indicates the extent to which Ten Oorlog is inspired by these formats. However, the popular television programme from the outset was not conceived as a classic historical documentary and perhaps can best be described as a historical human interest programme as part of the large-scale commemoration of the First World War. How do history and entertainment relate to one another in this programme? Is there more emphasis on the historical context or on anecdotal stories? This analysis of Ten Oorlog illustrates the tense relation between historians and ‘the public’.Dit artikel werpt een kritische blik op het populaire televisieprogramma Ten Oorlog en gaat daarbij in op het spanningsveld tussen geschiedenis en entertainment, tussen historici en ‘het publiek’. Geschiedenis kan via verschillende formats zoals een historische documentaire of een reisprogramma aan bod komen op televisie. Een analyse van deze formats geeft aan in welke mate Ten Oorlog hierop geïnspireerd is. Het populaire televisieprogramma was echter van begin af aan niet als een klassieke historische documentaire bedoeld en kan misschien het bestomschreven worden als een historisch human interest programma, in het kader van de grootschalige herdenking van de Eerste Wereldoorlog. Hoe verhoudengeschiedenis en entertainment zich daarin? Helt de balans meer over naar historische omkadering of naar anekdotische verhalen? Deze analyse van Ten Oorlog illustreert de gespannen relatie tussen historici en het grote publiek.

  17. Test facilities for hybrid and electric drive trains; Stazione di prova sistemi di trazione ibridi ed elettrici

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernardini, G.; Ciancia, A.; De Andreis, L.; Pagni, G.; Pede, G.; Rossi, E.; Vellone, R. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dip. Energia

    1998-12-31

    ENEA (Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and the Environment) is conducting a large research and development programme on innovative vehicles with high energy efficiency and low environmental impact. In particular conducts activities on electric and hybrid vehicles. Testing and evaluation activities play a strong role in this programme. A complete characterization chain has been then defined and set up with a network of facilities which covers main testing needs for single components, subsystems and complete vehicles, in simulated and real operating conditions. The test facility which has been realised is able to experiment and fully characterise complete drive-trains (and subsystems) for pure electric and hybrid vehicles. It is composed by a different section for each subsystem: 1) power generation; 2) energy storage and management; 3) driving motors. Each section acts as an experimental island, able to operate alone or jointly with the other sections. In fact, all the sections are remotely controlled and managed in order to create different assembly of the drive-train. The facility has been sized to allow the testing of drive-trains and subsystems of small and medium-sized vehicles (up to minibuses), but an extension to larger vehicles is possible. During 1996 and part of 1997 the Drive train Test Facility has been completed and made operative. This paper mainly presents the final configurations of these novel testing systems with peculiar features and characteristics. [Italiano] ENEA (Ente Nazionale per le nuove tecnologie, l`Energia e l`Ambiente) sta conducendo un vasto programma di ricerca e sviluppo sui veicoli innovativi ad alto rendimento energetico e basso impatto ambientale.

  18. An Alpha spectrometer for measuring radon daughter individual activity concentration; Spettrometro Alfa per la misura delle concentrazioni individuali in attivita' della progenie del radon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berico, M.; Formignani, M. [ENEA, Div. Protezione dell' Uomo e degli Ecosistemi, Centro Ricerche E. Clementel, Bologna (Italy); Mariotti, F. [Bologna Univ., Bologna (Italy). Dipt. di Fisica

    2001-07-01

    In the frame of the program of the Institute for Radiation Protection of ENEA, related to the evaluation of dose from radon and thoron progeny, an alpha spectrometer for the continuous air monitoring (CAM type) of radon and thoron has been realized. The constructive characteristics of the device are here presented together with energy and efficiency calibration. The device allows, by means of a screen type diffusion battery and a filter, to determinate the single radioactivity of each radionuclide of the progeny selecting them in relation to their diffusive behaviour (dichotomous particle size selection). The three-count filter method has been employed to measure the concentrations of {sup 218}Po, {sup 214}Pb and {sup 214}Bi in air. Radon and thoron effective doses using a dosimetric, instead of an epidemiologic approach, will be then evaluated. [Italian] Presso l'Istituto per la Radioprotezione, nell'ambito del programma di valutazione di dose da radon e' stato progettato e realizzato uno spettrometro alfa per il monitoraggio continuo in aria (CAM) della progenie del radon e del toron. Le caratteristiche costruttive dello strumento permettono, tramite l'utilizzo di batterie a diffusione a reti, di determinare l'attivita' individuale della progenie per diverse dimensioni granulometriche in particolare per la frazione attaccata e non al particolato amosferico con un taglio granulometrico di qualche nanometro. E' stato inoltre applicato un metodo spettrometrico a tre conteggi per il calcolo delle concentrazioni individuali della progenie del radon, {sup 218}Po, {sup 214}Pb and {sup 214}Bi, effettuando un conteggio alfa di {sup 218}Po e due conteggi alfa di {sup 214}Po. Tale informazione consentira' una valutazione della dose di radon utilizzando il modello dosimetrico in alternativa a quello epidemiologico.

  19. Charted Choices 2013-2017. An analysis of ten election programmes. Effects on the economy and the environment; Keuzes in Kaart 2013-2017. Een analyse van tien verkiezingsprogramma's. Effecten op economie en milieu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-05-15

    At the request of ten political parties, the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (CPB) and PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency have mapped out the effects of the respective election platforms on the economy and the environment. The analysis shows that each of the proposed policy measures included in the platforms has both advantages and disadvantages. The platforms thus reflect the diverse choices that have been made by the parties. The publication presents the impact of party programs on public finances, purchasing power and employment. Also included in the publication are analyses in the field of mobility, energy and climate, nature, education, housing and healthcare [Dutch] De verkiezingsprogramma's 2012 laten zien welke keuzes politieke partijen maken voor de jaren 2013-2017. De programma's tonen aan dat er echt iets te kiezen valt voor de komende kabinetsperiode. Hoe gaan we na de economische crisis de overheidsfinancien weer op orde brengen en hoe snel? Verhogen we de AOW-leeftijd en beperken we de aftrek van de hypotheekrente, of juist niet? Hoe verminderen we de filedruk? Willen we klimaatverandering aanpakken en zo ja, hoe dan? Is het de moeite waarde om meer geld uit te geven aan onderwijs of innovatie? Hoeveel trekken we uit voor natuur? Hoe kunnen we de woningmarkt beter laten functioneren? Hoe gaan we om met de stijging van de kosten van de zorg? In de aanloop naar de verkiezingen van 12 september 2012 hebben tien politieke partijen - VVD, PvdA, PVV, CDA, SP, D66, GroenLinks, ChristenUnie, SGP, DPK - gevraagd om een analyse van hun verkiezingsprogramma's. Het CPB heeft de economische effecten geanalyseerd, het PBL de effecten op milieu.

  20. The European Regulation no. 761/2001 EMAS; Il Regolamento Europeo no.761/2001 EMAS: principi, obiettivi e principali esperenze in atto

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andriola, L; Battellini, S [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Unita tecnico scientifica Protezione e Sviluppo dell' Ambiente e del Territorio, Tecnologie Ambientali

    2005-08-15

    The Regulation 761/2001 EMAS (Environmental Management and Audit Scheme), introduced by the 1836/93 Community regulation, is one of the tools activated by the European Union in order to apply the 5. and 6. Community Environmental Programme, in the field of firm-environment interactions at first (overcoming the old Command and Control logic), then by extending its applicability to ali Organisations. EMAS is a voluntary tool that enables Organisations to evaluate their own interaction with the Environment, to plan and check the yearly improvement of their environmental performance, providing the public documented relevant information. The report illustrates the procedure far applying this regulation, its implementation and new application trends in Italy and the advantages far firms. [Italian] II Regolamento n.761/2001 EMAS (Environmental Management and Audit Scheme), introdotto con il Regolamento Comunitario 1836/93, e uno degli strumenti che l'Unione europea ha attivato per l'applicazione del quinto e sesto Programma di Politica e Azione per l'Ambiente, inizialmente con particolare riferimento alle interazioni impresa-ambiente (superando la vecchia logica del Command and Control), e successivamente estendendone la possibilita di impiego a tutte le Organizzazioni. Lo strumento EMAS e uno strumento volontario che consente alle organizzazioni di analizzare la propria posizione rispetto all' Ambiente, pianificando e monitorando di anno in anno il miglioramento della propria prestazione ambientale, comunicandone alcune pertinenti informazioni di sintesi al pubblico in forma documentata. II rapporto illustra il percorso per l'applicazione del Regolamento, il suo stato di attuazione e le ultime tendenze applicative in Italia, i vantaggi di EMAS per le Organizzazioni.

  1. Experimental Investigation of the Effect of the Excess Fuel Coefficient on the Electrical Conductivity of Potassium-Seeded Hydrocarbon Fuel Combustion Products; 042d 041a 0421 041f 0414

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gol' denberg, S. A.; Zimin, Je. P.; Levlev, V. N.; Popov, V. A. [Energeticheskij Institut Im. G.M.Krzhizhanovskogo, Moskva, USSR (Russian Federation)

    1968-11-15

    zavisimosti mezhdu ionizaciej dobavki kalija i sostavom produktov sgoranija dvuh uglevodorodnyh topliv: benzina i metana. Variacija sostava produktov sgoranija obespechivalas' izmeneniem kojefficienta izbytka topliva v gorjuchej smesi. Izmerenija provodilis' pri neskol'kihfiksirovannyh znachenijah temperatury v diapazone ot 1850 do 3000 Degree-Sign K (polnoe davlenie - 1 at). Temperatura podderzhivalas' postojannoj (putem razbavlenija produktov sgoranija azotom). Poluchennye jeksperimental'nye dannye po provodimosti sootvetstvujut parcial'nomu davleniju dobavki kalija (1%). V oblasti vysokih temperatur (pri ispol'zovanii benzina v kachestve topliva) izmerenija provodilis' neposredstvenno pri dobavke 1%, togda kak v oblasti nizkih temperatur (pri ispol'zovanii metana v kachestve topliva) izmerenija provodilis' pri dobavke 3 x 10{sup -2}% a zatem rezul'taty byli pereschitany na dobavku 1%. Dlja izmerenija provodimosti ispol'zovalis' metod rezonansnogo kontura i metod zatuhanija radiovoln ({lambda} = 0,8 sm). Temperatura produktov sgoranija izmerjalas' po obrashheniju D-linii natrija. Izmerenija pokazali, chto jelektroprovodnost' produktov sgoranija s dobavkoj kalija umen'shaetsja pri umen'shenii kojefficienta izbytka topliva. Pri dostatochno bol'shih kojefficientah izbytka topliva jeto snizhenie projavljaetsja slabo. Rezkoe snizhenie jelektroprovodnosti (v neskol'ko raz) sosredotocheno v oblasti znachenij kojefficienta izbytka topliva, priblizitel'no ot 1 do 1,7. Dlja interpretacii jeksperimental'nyh dannyh ispol'zovalis'-rezul'taty teoreticheskogo rascheta vlijanija gidroksila ON na process ionizacii dobavki kalija cherez obrazovanie gidrookisi KON i zahvat chasti svobodnyh jelektronov s obrazovaniem otricatel'nogo iona ON{sup -}. Takoe sravnenie prodemonstrirovalo horoshee kachestvennoe soglasovanie jeksperimental'nyh i raschetnyh dannyh, chto podtverzhdaet pravil'nost' rassmatrivaemogo mehanizma vlijanija opredelennogo sostava produktov sgoranija na ionizaciju dobavki

  2. Magnox Fuel Cycles; Cycles des combustibles gaines de magnox; Toplivnye tsikly magnoks; Ciclos de combustible magnox

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, A. [United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, Risley, Warrington, Lancs (United Kingdom)

    1963-10-15

    esquemas de irradiacion que se producen segun los diversos programas de carga del combustible, y describe someramente los metodos de calculo utilizados en la actualidad. Compara diversos programas de carga continua o intermitente del combustible. Estudia el problema de la irradiacion eficiente de la primera carga, junto con los metodos de reabastecimiento retardado y de transposicion de los elementos combustibles. Discute las ventajas economicas y los problemas que plantea la utilizacion de uranio, no natural en reactores de flujo nivelado. Formula consideraciones de orden practico sobre la carga de combustible durante la marcha en reactores nuevos y hace referencia a la experiencia adquirida en Bradwell y en Berkeley. Describe someramente el efecto que ejercen las variaciones del costo del combustible y de su resistencia sobre los aspectos economicos del ciclo de combustible. (author) [Russian] Rassmatrivaetsya vzaim o zavisimost' mezhdu potokom izlucheniya i temperaturnym raspredeleniem i kharakteristikami oblucheniya, vyzvannaya razlichnoj praktikoj zameny topliva, opisyvayutsya sushchestvuyushchie metody rascheta. Provoditsya sravnenie razlichnykh skhem zameny topliva, vklyuchaya kak sistemu vygruzki topliva portsiyami, tak i sistemu nepreryvnoj vygruzki. Problema ehffektivnogo oblucheniya pervoj zagruzki rassmatrivaetsya vmeste so skhemami zapazdyvayushchej nachal'noj zameny topliva i ego peremeshcheniya. Rassmatrivayutsya ehkonomicheskie preimushchestva i trudnosti ispol'zovaniya neprirodnogo urana v vyrovnennykh reaktorakh. Rassmatrivaetsya prakticheskoe reshenie skhemy zameny topliva na novykh reaktorakh i delaetsya ssylka na opyt, priobretennyj v Braduehlle i Berkli. Opisyvaetsya vliyani razlichnoj stoimosti topliva i prodolzhitel'nosti kampanii za ehkonomichnost' toplivnogo tsikla. (author)

  3. Observations of Mercury Flowing along a Trough in a Transverse Magnetic Field; Nekotorye nablyudeniya techeniya rtuti v lotke v poperechnom magnitnom pole

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vulis, L. A.; Jaglenko, V. T. [Akademija Nauk SSSR, Moskva, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1966-11-15

    diverging duct when certain relationships held. Limitations associated with the superposition of a magnetic field were established, in addition to the usual hydro-gas analogy. (author) [Russian] Privodjatsja nekotorye rezul'taty nabljudenija stacionarnogo techenija rtuti v gorizontal'nom lotke pri nalichii poperechnogo magnitnogo polja. Izuchenie takogo vida dvizhenija provodjashhej sredy so svobodnoj poverhnost'ju v magnitnom pole predstavljaet dvojakij interes - dlja sopostavlenija rezul'tatov opytov i rascheta MGD techenij neszhimaemoj zhidkosti, s odnoj storony, i v kachestve priblizhennoj modeli dvizhenija plazmy v svete izvestnoj gidrogazovoj analogii dlja MGD techenij, s drugoj storony. Rassmotreny rezul'taty opytov, ohvatyvajushhih dokriticheskie i sverhkriticheskie techenija rtuti v oblasti znachenija chisel Fruda OD -3,0 pri ves'ma malyh znachenijah magnitnogo chisla Rejnol'dsa i bol'shih znachenijah chisla Gartmana (svyshe 100). Osnovnye parametry ustanovki sledujushhie: razmery kanala 40x 200 mm, skorost' techenija rtuti do 1,2 m/sek, magnitnaja indukcija do 1,2 tl. Dlja nepreryvnyh (dokriticheskih i sverhkriticheskih) techenij v kanalah postojannogo i peremennogo sechenija sravnivajutsja opytnye dannye po izmeneniju mestnoj i polnoj vysoty urovnja zhidkosti s raschetom, vypolnennym v odnomernom priblizhenii. Polucheny podrobnye harakteristiki gidravlicheskogo pryzhka v poperechnom pole, ego struktury i modifikacii, poter' polnoj vysoty i dr. V opytah izuchalos' dvizhenie rtuti v kanale s izolirovannymi stenkami i pri nalichii jelektrodov s vneshnim soprotivleniem. Osnovnoj metod nabljudenija - fotograficheskij, narjadu s jetim proizvodilis' izmerenija jelektricheskih (raspredelenie potenciala i dr.) i gidravlicheskih harakteristik. V rezul'tate issledovanija pokazano, chto odnomernaja raschetnaja shema udovletvoritel'no opisyvaet nepreryvnoe techenie v kanale (osobenno postojannogo sechenija). Vyjavlen rjad osobennostej, prisushhih rassmatrivaemym javlenijam i

  4. Basic principles of scintillation counting; Principes de Base du Comptage par Scintillations; Osnovnye printsipy stsintillyatsij; Principios fundamentales del recuento con aparatos de centelleo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johns, H E; Cederlund, J F [Ontario Cancer Institute, Toronto (Canada)

    1959-07-01

    raspredelenie impul'sov, proizvodimykh monoehnergeticheskoj radiatsiej. EHti voprosy budut zvzzany s primeneniem v issledovaniyakh metoda stsintillyatsij. Dalee budet rassmatrivat's ya vliyanie na rabotu fotoumnozhitelej i tak nazyvaemye . Kromo togo, budet obsuzhdat'sya primenenie lyuminestsentnykh peredatochnykh trubok dlya schetnykh operatsij i predstavleno poleznoe ustrojstvo vychitaniya dlya sravneniya skorosti raboty dvukh otdel'nykh stsintillyatsionnykh schetchikov. (author)

  5. Concluding Remarks; Zaklyuchitel'noe slovo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Budker, G. I. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, Siberian Department of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Union Of Soviet Socialist Republics (Russian Federation)

    1969-01-15

    I feel that the changes which have taken place in science in the last few years open up new possibilities, about which I should like to say a few words. In 1951 we began work on thermonuclear reactions in the confident belief that we would solve the problem with a rush and immediately. I was assigned the task of ensuring that our future thermonuclear reactor would not get too much out of hand. It was like the story of the man who wished to invent a perpetual motion machine and had taken out a patent on a method for keeping it under control. This attitude stemmed from the successes in developing ''explosive thermonuclear reactors'', a task which was achieved within a very short period of time, leaving physicists with the impression that they could do everything - and do it fast. However, experience soon showed that here we had a scientific rather than a technological problem and that it would be necessary to study in detail the physics of plasmas - which we have now been doing for over ten years. [Russian] Mne kazhetsja, chto za poslednie gody- v nauke proizoshli izmenenija, otkryvshie novye vozmozhnosti, na kotoryh ja hotel by ostanovit'sja. Ja hochu napomnit', chto v 1951 godu my nachali raboty po fizike plazmy i termojadernym reakcijam. U nas byla uverennost', chto my reshim jetu problemu s hodu, srazu. Mne bylo porucheno obespechivat' regulirovanie budushhego termojadernogo reaktora, chtoby tot ne ochen' ''razognalsja'' i ne vyshel iz-pod kontrolja. Sejchas jeto poruchenie napominaet istoriju o tom, kak odin hotel izobresti vechnyj dvigatel' i vzjal patent na to, chtoby tot ne razgonjalsja do beskonechnyh skorostej. . . Bol'shie uspehi v razrabotke ''vzryvchatyh termojadernyh reaktorov'', kotorye byli sozdany za ochen' korotkoe vremja, porodili u fizikov uverennost' v to, chto oni mogut sdelat' vse i sdelat' bystro. Odnako ochen' skoro zhizn' pokazala, chto jetim delom nuzhno zanimat'sja ne kak konstruirovaniem, a kak naukoj, chto nado razvivat' plazmennuju

  6. Sovremennaja serbskaja jazykovaja situacija (s točki zrenija vzaimootnošenija meždu standartnym i razgovornym jazykami

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Likomanova Iskra

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available V stat'e s točki zrenija tradicionoj PLŠ s nekotoroj sovremennoj modifikacii ee postulatov otnositel'no slavjanskih literaturnyh jazykov rassmatrivaetsja sovremennaja jazykovaja situacija v serbskom jazykovom prostranstve (JaP, tipologičeski sravnivaja ee s drugimi slavjanskimi jazykami. Osnovnaja ideja raboty v sosuščestvovanii vseh raznovidnostej nacional'nogo jazyka na protjaženii danogo JaP, na kotoroe skladyvaetsja kak standartnyj literaturnyj jazyk, tak i vse drugie, v t.č. ustnye idiomy: dialektnaja reč', povsednevnaja reč', razgovornaja reč', idiolekty nositelej jazyka. Vvedeno i ëksplicirovano ponjatie „otstojanija“ meždu dvumja osnovnymi normami nacional'nogo jazyka - literaturnoj i kollokvial'noj, kotorye dlja serbskogo (vpročem i dlja bolgarskogo otličaetsja bol'šoj blizost'ju A+ i A-, t.e. fokusov norm. Ëto utverždenie provoditsja s učetom genezisa norm, s učetom ih vysokoj stepen'ju variancii i segodnja i s učetom aktual'nogo vzaimodejstvija meždu nimi. Na sociolingvističeskie ponjatija bifokal'nosti norm skladyvaetsja i rjad političeskih ponjatij kak oficial'nye i regional'nye men'šinstvennye jazyki, kotorye tože vhodjat v kartinu JaP, nahodjas' v kommunikativnom prostranstve nacii. Vvidu dinamičeskih ekstra- i intralingvističeskih processov, novyh sposobov sovremennoj komunikacii v sovremennom serbskom jazyke-angloamerikanizacii, perenosa terminologičeskoj, razgovornoj leksiki iz ustnuju reč' v pis'mennuju, standartnuju - ešče bol'še sužaetsja rasstojanie meždu dvumja osnovnymi raznovidnostjami serbskogo jazyka. V etom plane zasluživaet osoboe vnimanie teoretičeskoe i praktičeskoe opisanie ne tol'ko norm standartnogo jazyka, no i opisanie živoj kollokvial'noj normy, kotoraja dlja serbskogo jazyka predstavljaet osobuju slavjanskuju specifiku - v tipologičeskom plane.

  7. Study of inclusions and segregation in metals by autoradiography; Etude autoradiographic des inclusions et de la segregation dans les metaux; Izuchenie primesej i usadki metalla s pomoshch'yu avtoradiografii; Estudio autoradiografico de las inclusiones y de la segregacion en los metales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Makin, S M [Wantage Research Laboratory, Wantage, Berks (United Kingdom)

    1962-01-15

    radioizotopov v metallurgii. V khode ehtoj raboty byli sozdany novye avtoradiograficheskie metody. Oni vklyuchayut obluchenie i avtoradiografiyu ehkstraktsionnykh modelej, podobno ispol'zuemym v ehlektronnoj mikroskopii, i protsess dvukhtsvetnogo perekhoda, pri kotorom tsvetnye kopii chertezhej avtoradiografa pokazyvayutsya s sootvetstvuyushchimi nalozhennymi dannymi mikrografov. EHti metody ispol'zuyutsya pri izuchenii primesej v stali i urane i pri issledovanii segregatsii sery i fosfora pri svarke v nerzhaveyushchej stali. (author)

  8. Linear capacity storage devices; Memoires lineaires a condensateurs; Linejnye kondensatornye nakopitel'nye ustrojstva; Dispositivos de almacenamiento de condensador, con caracteristicas lineales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brovchenko, V G [Ordena Lenina Institut Atomnoj Ehnergii Imeni I.V. Kurchatova AN, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1962-04-15

    nakopleniya informatsii kondensatornymi nakopitel'nymi ustrojstvami. Opisyvayutsya dve skhemy nakopitelej, rabotayushchikh linejno v bol'shom diapazone amplitud vykhodnykh signalov. V odnoj iz skhem signal oshibki izmeryaetsya differentsial'nym usilitelem. Blagodarya bol'shomu koehffitsientu usileniya usilitelya dostigaetsya vysokaya linejnost' raboty ehtogo ustrojstva. Vtoraya skhema skonstruirovana dlya raboty s impul'sami nanosekundnogo diapazona dlitel'nostej. Vkhodnye impul'sy standartnoj dlitel'nosti zapirayut pentod, v anode kotorogo raspolozhen kondensator pamyati. Tak kak zaryadka kondensatora proizvoditsya ot anodnogo pitaniya cherez generator toka, tok zaryadki ostaetsya pochti postoyannym pri izmenenii potentsiala kondensatora. Pentod imeet bol'shoe vnutrennee soprotivlenie, poehtomu posle okonchaniya vkhodnogo impul'sa tok cherez pentod pochti raven nachal'noj velichine, a zaryad, nakoplennyj kondensatorom, zapominaetsya. Dlitel'nost' pamyati informatsii ogranichena velichinami vykhodnogo soprotivleniya generatora toka i R{sub i} pentoda. Dlya uvelicheniya dlitel'nosti pamyati pered kondensatorom mozhet byt' vklyuchen diod. (author)

  9. Study and Construction of the Metal Vessels for the Reactors of the EDF1 and EDF2 Sectors at Chinon; Etude et construction des caissons metalliques des reacteurs des tranches EDF1 et EDF2 de la centrale de Chinon; Izuchenie i konstruktsiya metallicheskikh korpusov reaktorov pervoj i vtoroj chasti programm ehlektrostantsij; Estudio y construccion de los recipientes metalicos de los reactores EDF1 y EDF2 de la central de Chinon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lamiral, G.; Millot, R.; Passerieux, P. [Electricite de France, Clamart, Seine (France)

    1963-10-15

    proektirovaniya i opredeleniya razmerov utolshchenij stenok otverstij. Voprosy utolshchenij stenok prokhodov upravlyayushchikh sterkhnej i stenok otverstij dlya zagruzki byli izucheny na maketakh, poluchennye rezul'taty provereny na okonchatel'nykh konstruktsiyakh v protsesse gidravlicheskikh ispytanij. Metod konstruirovaniya, pervonachal'no primenyaemyj k korpusu EDF. 1, byl otnositel'no prost; listovoj metall, kotoryj podlezhal svarke, predvaritel'no podogrevalsya v opredelennom meste; posle zaversheniya vsekh svarochnykh rabot korpus dolzhen byl projti tol'ko odnu teplovuyu obrabotku po otpusku. Ser'eznoe rastreskivanie obolochki v protsesse rabot vedet k polnomu povtoreniyu s nachala metoda konstruirovaniya, a takzhe bez proverki vsekh svarochnykh rabot pri obshchem podogreve i ralaksavdi napryazheniya putem obrabotok s neodnokratnymi otpuskami. Takoj metod raboty pozvolil postroit' korpusy reaktorov EDF. 1 i EDF. 2, no vmeste s tem vyyavilis' nekotorye ogranichivayushchie faktory, znachitel'no oslozhnivshie raboty pri stroitel'stve. (author)

  10. The distribution of a pure beta-emitter in the human body. Problems and preliminary results of Bremsstrahlung measurements in vivo; La repartition d'un emetteur beta pur dans l'organisme humain. Problemes poses par les mesures in vivo du rayonnement de freinage et premiers resultats obtenus; Raspredelenie chistogo beta-izluchatel ya v chelovecheskom organizme Problemy i predvaritel'ny e rezul'taty izmerenij tormoznogo izlucheniya v zhivom organizme; Distribucion de un emisor beta puro en el organisme humano. Problemas planteados por las mediciones in vivo de la radiacion de frenado y resultados preliminares obtenidos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mehl, H G [Strahleninstitut der Freien Universitaet, Berlin (Germany)

    1959-07-01

    la profondeur a laquelle l'organe examine se trouve situe. L'examen des resultats deja publies de ces mesures permettra de reconnaitre la situation actuelle et de determiner la nature des problemes qui restent a resoudre. (author) [Spanish] Las mediciones in vivo de la distribucion de un emisor beta puro en el organismo humano se limitaban antes a localizar la radiactividad en los tejidos superficiales unicamente, a causa del reducido alcance de las particules beta en los tejidos. En los ultimos anos, gracias a las mediciones de la radiacion de frenado se ha podido analizar la actividad en los tejidos profundos. El autor estudia los problemas planteados por esta nueva tecnica y los resultados que permite obtener. Describe la construccien de detectores apropiados, basandose en un analisis de las caracteristicas fisicas de esta radiacion. Examina la labor teorica y experimental realizada en este campo. Para poder interpretar acertadamente los resultados obtenidos, es necesario analizar los diversos factores que entran en juego, especialmente el area por el detector, la actividad especifica del tejido observado y la profundidad del organo objeto de examen. Un estudio de los resultados de esas mediciones ya publicadas permitira evaluar la situacion actual y la naturaleza de los problemas que aun no se han resuelto. (author) [Russian] Izmereniya raspredeleniya chistogo beta-izluchatel ya v chelovecheskom organizme do sikh por ogranichivalis', vvidu malogo puti proniknoveniya beta-chastits v tkani, ustanovleniem nalichiya radioaktivnost i tol'ko v poverkhnostny kh tkanyakh. Za poslednie neskol'ko let primenenie izmerenij tormoznogo izlucheniya pozvolilo rasprostranit' ehtot metod na analiz aktivnosti gluboko zalegayushchikh tkanej. V nastoyashchem dokumente rassmatrivayuts ya problemy i rezul'taty ispol'zovaniya ehtogo novogo priema raboty. Na osnovanii analiza fizicheskogo kharaktera ehtoj radiatsii v dokumente rassmatrivaets ya takzhe konstruktsiya

  11. De ontwikkeling van een met onderzoek onderbouwde methodiek voor het meidenwerk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Metz

    2016-03-01

    both would seem to be valuable as means for making tacit knowledge explicit, and have the potential for solidifying, substantiating and transferring it. This is because they would act as guiding principles to provide direction for methodological action by social professionals in contact with the target group. They exist alongside each other and can be deployed according to the situation, goals, persons and resources available for the range of working methods, target groups, goals and contexts. SAMENVATTINGDe ontwikkeling van een met onderzoek onderbouwde methodiek voor het meidenwerkDit artikel doet verslag van een zoektocht naar de mogelijkheden voor het ontwikkelen van een met onderzoek onderbouwde methodiek voor het meidenwerk. Het geeft inzicht in de mogelijkheden en moeilijkheden voor het opbouwen van een kennisbasis voor open benaderingswijzen in de praktijk van het sociaal werk. De aanleiding is het verzoek van Amsterdamse meidenwerkers om hulp bij het ontwikkelen van een met onderzoek onderbouwde methodiek voor een bijna 90-jarige diverse en dynamische praktijk. De achtergrond vormt de discussie over de kennisbasis van het sociaal werk. Gangbare modellen als “evidence-based practice”, “practice-based evidence” en “common factors” worden besproken op geschiktheid voor het ontwikkelen van een met onderzoek onderbouwde methodiek voor open benaderingswijzen, waarna programma evaluatie als mogelijk alternatief wordt uitgediept. De conclusie is dat er vooral met betrekking tot open benaderingswijzen binnen het sociaal werk dringend meer aandacht nodig is voor het proces van methodiekontwikkeling en de wijze van onderbouwing. De eerste ervaringen met programma evaluatie en het daaruit voortvloeiende model van methodische principes zijn voorzichtig positief. Programma evaluatie lijkt handreikingen te bieden voor het omgaan met het spanningsveld tussen de wetenschappelijke kwaliteit van de bevindingen en de bruikbaarheid voor de praktijk. Methodische

  12. Impact of pavements on air quality. Final report of a study on the performance of pavement (measures) on the air quality along highways; Invloed wegdekken op de luchtkwaliteit. Eindrapport onderzoek naar de werking van wegdek (maatregelen) op de luchtkwaliteit langs snelwegen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Blokland, G.; Hooghwerff, J.; Tollenaar, C. [M en P Raadgevende Ingenieurs, Aalsmeer (Netherlands)

    2009-12-15

    Within the framework of the IPL (Innovation Program Air Quality) a series of studies and experiments were performed focusing on the effect that the road surface can have on the environmental quality of the air at the side of the road and what potential benefits can be found in a specific treatment of the road surface. The overall impression we get, when evaluating the different research reports, is the widely varying opinions and research results about the contribution of road and tyre wear related particles to the overall PM10 emission of road traffic. A similar lack of common understanding was experienced when studying the different opinions and experimental data related to the effect of the road surface type on road and tyre wear particles. Part of the scatter in opinions and data can be explained by the relative magnitude of the measuring errors in relation to the studied effects. Namely, the road related contribution is already a smaller part of the total PM10 concentration. Next the part related to wear is the smaller part of the road contribution and in this part the effect of a road surface is to be investigated with measuring equipment and under conditions whose accuracy and variation already are in the order of the expected effect. [Dutch] In het kader van het IPL-programma zijn, in de oplossingsrichting wegdekeffecten, op een groot aantal deelgebieden onderzoeken uitgevoerd. De focus van de onderzoeken was deels gericht op het verkrijgen van een beter begrip van de rol van het wegdek in het ontstaan en de overdracht van fijn stof, deels gericht op maatregelen op of aan het wegdek om de emissie of overdracht terug te brengen. Ten aanzien van de inzichten in de bron blijkt dat er uiteenlopende visies bestaan omtrent de relatieve bijdragen van band- en wegdekslijtage. Omtrent de overdracht naar de directe omgeving en de rol van het wegdek daarin bestaan nauwelijks gedeelde meningen. Het uitvoeren van full-size experimenten kent een serieuze beperking: er is

  13. Evaluation and standardisation of fast analytical techniques for destructive radwaste control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Simone, A.; Troiani, F. [ENEA, Unita' Rifiuti Radioattivi e Disattivazione Impianti, Centro Ricerche Saluggia, Vercelli (Italy)

    2001-07-01

    elevata risoluzione (HPIC) e del Conteggio a Scintillazione Liquida (LSC) su soluzioni ad elevato contenuto salino, e' stata eseguita utilizzando una soluzione sintetica di cemento contenente alcuni {beta}-emettitori che sono difficilmente rivelabili mediante tecniche di misura non-distruttive, insieme con altri radionuclidi importanti per la definizione dell'inventario radiologico nei rifiuti radioattivi. Dato che il lavoro richiedeva la manipolazione di soluzioni radioattive, e' stato progettato e realizzato un ambiente remoto in cui collocare l'apparato HPIC-LSC, in modo da operare in condizioni di sicurezza. Secondo quanto stabilito dal programma di ricerca, sono stati sviluppati e qualificati metodi analitici veloci per la separazione chimica e contemporanea rivelazione radiochimica degli elementi radioattivi di interesse. Dai risultati ottenuti, sono stati definiti alcuni protocolli di analisi che decrivono le condizioni operative dell'apparato HPIC-LSC, il loro campo di applicabilita', i limiti di rilevabilita' chimici e radiochimici.

  14. Combined effects of hydrographic structure and iron and copper availability on the phytoplankton growth in Terra Nova Bay Polynya (Ross Sea, Antarctica)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivaro, Paola; Luisa Abelmoschi, Maria; Grotti, Marco; Ianni, Carmela; Magi, Emanuele; Margiotta, Francesca; Massolo, Serena; Saggiomo, Vincenzo

    2012-04-01

    Surface water (CLIMA) Project of the Programma Nazionale di Ricerca in Antartide activities. Dissolved oxygen, nutrients, phytoplankton pigments and concentration and complexation of dissolved trace metals were determined. Experimental data were elaborated by Principal Component Analysis (PCA). As a result of solar heating and freshwater inputs from melting sea-ice, the water column was strongly stratified with an Upper Mixed Layer 4-16 m deep. The integrated Chl a in the layer 0-100 m ranged from 60 mg m-2 to 235 mg m-2, with a mean value of 138 mg m-2. The pigment analysis showed that diatoms dominated the phytoplankton assemblage. Major nutrients were generally high, with the lowest concentration at the surface and they were never fully depleted. The Si:N drawdown ratio was close to the expected value of 1 for Fe-replete diatoms. We evaluated both the total and the labile dissolved fraction of Fe and Cu. The labile fraction was operationally defined by employing the chelating resin Chelex-100, which retains free and loosely bound trace metal species. The total dissolved Fe ranged from 0.48 to 3.02 nM, while the total dissolved Cu from 3.68 to 6.84 nM. The dissolved labile Fe ranged from below the detection limit (0.15 nM) to 1.22 nM, and the dissolved labile Cu from 0.31 to 1.59 nM, respectively. The labile fractions measured at 20 m were significantly lower than values in 40-100 m samples. As two stations were re-sampled 5 days later, we evaluated the short-term variability of the physical and biogeochemical properties. In particular, in a re-sampled station at 20 m, the total dissolved Fe increased and the total dissolved Cu decreased, while their labile fraction was relatively steady. As a result of the increase in total Fe, the percentage of the labile Fe decreased. An increase of the Si:N, Si:P and Si:FUCO ratios was measured also in the re-sampled station. On this basis, we speculated that a switch from a Fe-replete to a Fe-deplete condition was occurring.

  15. Dry calving processes at the ice cliff of an antarctic local glacier: the study case of Strandline Glacier (Northern Victoria Land, Antarctica)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smiraglia, C.; Motta, M.; Vassena, G.; Diolaiuti, G.

    2003-04-01

    changes in ice cliff position (a retreat of 10 m in the central part of the front on 15 days) caused by crack propagation from the glacier surface and calving of ice flakes from the cliff face; during the warmest days also melting occurred along glacier surface and on the cliff. In the same period of 15 days ice thickness near the cliff boundary decreased about 30 cm. The collected measures regard also surface velocities and meteorological data . This work was carried out within the framework of the Project on Glaciology and Palaeoclimatology of the Programma Nazionale Ricerche in Antartide (PNRA), national co-ordinator Prof. G. Orombelli.

  16. Monitoring of effects of land subsidence at Ameland-Oost, Netherlands. Evaluation after 18 years of natural gas exploration. Summary; Monitoring effecten van bodemdaling op Ameland-Oost. Evaluatie na 18 jaar gaswinning. Samenvatting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eysink, W.D.; Wang, Z. [Waterloopkundig Laboratorium WL - Delft Hydraulics, Delft (Netherlands); Dijkema, K.S.; Slim, P.A.; Dankers, N.M.J.A.; Sanders, M.E.; Van Dobben, H.F. [ALTERRA, Wageningen (Netherlands); Krol, J.; Kersten, M.; Molenaar, W. [Natuurcentrum Ameland, Nes (Netherlands); Doornhof, D.; Schoustra, S.; Veldwisch, W. [Nederlandse Aardolie Maatschappij NAM, Assen (Netherlands)

    2005-05-15

    After the start of the natural gas exploitation on the Dutch island Ameland in 1986 surveys were carried out from 1988 on to investigate and monitor the effect of the exploitation on land subsidence and related environmental effects. In this third report evaluated results of that survey over the last 18 years are presented and discussed. [Dutch] De gaswinning op Ameland-Oost is begonnen in 1986. In dat zelfde jaar werd in opdracht van de NAM door WL|Delft Hydraulics in samenwerking met Alterra (toen RIN) een voorspelling gemaakt van de mogelijke effecten van de bodemdaling, waarna eind 1988 is begonnen met de monitoring. De eerste twee rapportages zijn gebaseerd op gegevens tot 1994 respectievelijk 1999 en beschrijven de effecten over een periode van 8 jaar respectievelijk 13 jaar na het begin van de gaswinning. Deze derde rapportage is gebaseerd op gegevens tot 2003/2004. Voor meer achtergrondinformatie wordt verwezen naar het evaluatierapport van maart 2000 en het nieuwe monitoringsprogramma 2000-2010 die op de bijgevoegde CD aanwezig zijn. De bodemdaling vond plaats in de vorm van een grote schotel met een doorsnede van ongeveer 15 km, en werd meetbaar vanaf 1987. In de periode daarna, ongeveer tot het jaar 2000, daalde de bodem in het centrum van de schotel met ongeveer 1,8 cm per jaar. Daarna begon de dalingssnelheid wat af te nemen, door de daling van de druk in het veld, tot circa 1,2 cm per jaar. In 2003 bedroeg de bodemdaling in het centrum van de bodemdalingschotel 27 cm. Verwacht wordt dat de bodemdaling steeds verder af zal nemen totdat hij rond het jaar 2020 geheel beeindigd zal zijn. In 2000 zijn de resultaten gepresenteerd in een openbaar debat. Sindsdien zijn verschillende verbeteringen doorgevoerd. De highlights van de afgelopen 5 jaar zijn de publicatie van het onderzoeksprogramma 2000-2010, het vogelonderzoek, de uitgebreide metingen op de wadplaten en de nieuw ontwikkelde techniek van spijkermetingen. Daarnaast heeft het nieuwe programma voor de

  17. Transition Processes in Superconducting Magnetic Systems; ПЕРЕХОДНЫЕ ПРОЦЕССЫ В СВЕРХПРОВОДЯЩИХ МАГНИТНЫХ СИСТЕМАХ

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sychev, V. V.; Zenkevich, V. B.; Andrianov, V. V. [Nauchno-Issledovatel' skij Institut Vysokih Temperatur, Moskva, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1966-12-15

    processami, svjazannymi s perehodom chasti obmotki v normal'noe sostojanie. V svjazi s jetim programma rabot po sozdaniju sverhprovodjashhej magnitnoj sistemy MGD generatora predusmatrivala issledovanie processov, v kotoryh ukazannaja specifika projavljaetsja naibolee polno. Jeksperimenty provodilis' s nebol'shimi solenoidami. Poluchennye rezul'taty vyjavljajut nekotorye zakonomernosti processa perehoda sverhprovodjashhej obmotki v normal'noe sostojanie. Issledovany takzhe processy, svjazannye s izmeneniem toka v sverhprovodjashhem solenoide. V chastnosti, jeksperimental'no opredeljalis' zavisimost' mezhdu potokoscepleniem solenoida i tokom, ostatochnoe potokosceplenie, svjaz' mezhdu induktivnost'ju i tokom, poteri pri peremagnichivanii solenoida i dr. Rassmatrivaetsja vozmozhnost' teoreticheskogo obob- shhenija poluchennyh rezul'tatov. (author)

  18. Apertura dei lavori

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Renga

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Questa sessione apre i lavori dell’VIII Conferenza di Sanità Pubblica della nostra Società. Il programma che vi è stato presentato, la sede in cui si svolge, la qualità e la dimensione della vostra partecipazione riconfermano la validità di una formula che si è andata consolidando nel tempo e rappresenta ormai, insieme al Congresso Nazionale biennale, il fiore all’occhiello della ricchissima attività convegnistica della SItI.

    Si conferma anche la straordinaria continuità e coerenza della nostra società scientifica nell’interpretare, a livelli qualitativi sempre più elevati, la propria missione di individuazione, approfondimento e disseminazione della conoscenza necessaria per migliorare l’azione di Sanità Pubblica nel nostro Paese.

    La sessione testimonia questa attenzione! Con il tema della SARS, la Relazione di Pietro Crovari dà conto delle linee di comportamento dell’apparato di sanità pubblica nell’affrontare un problema che ha scosso l’opinione pubblica mondiale risvegliando anche nei paesi più progrediti antiche paure e arcaici pregiudizi; che ha provocato contraccolpi enormi in ambito commerciale ed economico; che ha richiamato l’attenzione su regole e precauzioni tanto scontate da risultare poi in pratica quasi inapplicate. La risposta italiana è stata corretta, impostata sulle conoscenze scientifiche adottate con pragmatico buon senso. Una autorevole presenza della cultura igienistica nelle sedi decisionali ci consente anche di guardare con serenità ai possibili rischi ancora ipotizzabili.

    La partecipazione alla Comunità Europea e l’adesione ai suoi principi e le sue regole stanno producendo una serie di cambiamenti che arriveranno a incidere anche sui nostri modelli di prevenzione. La Relazione di Vittorio Carreri fornirà il punto di vista di uno sperimentato ed attento conoscitore della materia riguardo agli innumerevoli problemi già aperti e su quelli ancora incombenti sul

  19. Biomarkers for environmental and occupational exposure to aromatic mutagens and carcinogens from emissions of oil shale petrochemistry. Report of the EC PECO programme, project CIPA-CT92-3016

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carere, A.; Crebelli, R. [eds.] [Istituto Superiore di Sanita`, Rome (Italy). Lab. di Tossicologia Comparata ed Ecotossicologia

    1998-03-01

    Oil shale processing for energy supply and further refining for petrochemistry is an important field of industry in Baltic countries. Estonia possesses the largest oil shale mines and oil shale processing plants of the world. Large scale oil shale extraction and processing lead to extensive environmental pollution and to the release of high levels of aromatic carcinogenic substances in processing plants. In the framework of the `PECO` programme, during 1993-1996, the European Commission funded a research project on biomarkers of environmental and occupational exposure in oil shale petrochemistry. The project gave the opportunity to develop and calibrate several biomarkers of exposure to aromatic carcinogens. The results obtained highlighted the role of blood benzene and urinary trans, trans-muconic acid and l-hydroxypyrene as sensitive biomarkers of occupational exposure to benzene and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. A new promising approach was developed for the analysis of benzene adducts in haemoglobin. This methodology, as well as the {sup 32}P-postlabelling analysis of nulky adducts in DNA of blood cells of oil shale workers, showed high sensitivity and potential utility in human biomonitoring. Molecular cytogenetic methods based on in situ hybridization showed an exposure related clastogenic, and possibly an eugenic, effect in oil shale workers, demonstrating the potential advantage of new molecular approaches in the cytogenetic surveillance of carcinogen exposure. [Italiano] Gli scisti bituminosi costituiscono una materia prima di importanza prioritaria per l`industria petrolchimica dei paesi baltici. In Estonia, l`estrazione su larga scala degli scisti bituminosi ha prodotto una situazione di degrado ambientale, aggravata dalla emissione di considerevoli quantita` di sostanze cancerogene durante la lavorazione degli scisti negli impianti petrolchimici. Nell`ambito del programma di ricerca `PECO`, nel 1993-1996, l`Unione Europea ha finanziato un progetto

  20. Charted Choices 2011-2015. Effects of nine election platforms on the economy and the environment; Keuzes in Kaart 2011-2015. Effecten van negen verkiezingsprogramma's op economie en milieu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-05-15

    At the request of nine political parties, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis and PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency have mapped out the effects of the respective election platforms on the economy and the environment. The analysis shows that each of the proposed policy measures included in the platforms has both advantages and disadvantages. The platforms thus reflect the diverse choices that have been made by the parties. The publication presents the impact of party programs on public finances, purchasing power and employment. Also included in the publication are analyses in the field of mobility, energy and climate, nature, education, housing and healthcare. [Dutch] Op verzoek van politieke partijen maakt het CPB voorafgaand aan de verkiezingen traditiegetrouw een analyse van de economische effecten van verkiezingsprogramma's. Negen partijen (CDA, PvdA, SP, VVD, PVV, GroenLinks, ChristenUnie, D66, SGP) hebben het CPB gevraagd om de economische effecten van hun programma te analyseren. Deze keer zijn er ook effecten op milieu, natuur en bereikbaarheid geanalyseerd. Het Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving (PBL) heeft deze analyse voor zijn rekening genomen. Op verzoek van het PBL heeft het Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (ECN) een substantiele bijdrage geleverd aan de analyse van de energie- en klimaat-maatregelen. Deze editie van Keuzes in Kaart verschaft allereerst een analyse van de effecten die de diverse verkiezingsprogramma's hebben op de overheidsfinancien in de volgende kabinetsperiode en op lange termijn. Ook worden de gemiddelde inkomenseffecten en de werkgelegenheidseffecten op lange termijn in kaart gebracht. Daarnaast analyseren de planbureaus de effecten op een aantal specifieke terreinen: bereikbaarheid; klimaat en energie; landbouw, natuur en landschap; onderwijs en innovatie; woningmarkt; zorg. De opzet van deze publicatie is als volgt. Hoofdstuk 1 schetst de achtergonden en aanpak. Hoofdstuk 2 geeft een

  1. La stima dei fabbisogni irrigui a scala aziendale e consortile mediante tecniche di Osservazione della Terra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filiberto Altobelli

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Le applicazioni agrometeorologiche per la gestione delle colture in pieno campo e l’utilizzo di nuove tecnologie di monitoraggio sono sempre più diffuse e si concretizzano anche attraverso lo sviluppo di progetti di ricerca internazionali orientati all’implementazione di servizi operativi. Particolare rilevanza assume il programma Global Monitoring for Enviroment and Security (GMES, che supporta lo sviluppo di capacità e servizi di monitoraggio globale attraverso tecniche di Osservazione della Terra. Irrigation  needs  estimation  at  farm  and  district  level  by Earth Observation techniquesSIRIUS  (Sustainable  Irrigation  water  management  and  River-basin  governance:  Implementing  User-driven  Services  is  a research project funded by EU FP7 in the GMES framework supporting the development of monitoring services through remote sensing and ICT technologies to deliver the service to the  final  users.  SIRIUS  is  developing  efficient  water  resource management  services  in  support  of  food  production  in  water-scarce  environments.  It  addresses  water  governance  and management  in  accordance  with  the  vision  of  bridging  and integrating sustainable development and economic competi-tiveness. The project is developing new services for water man-agers and food producers, and a range of additional information products in support of sustainable irrigation water use and management under conditions of water scarcity and drought.

  2. Verifica della qualitá delle indagini epidemiologiche per eventi epidemici di tossinfezione alimentare: l'esperienza del Servizio Igiene Pubblica della ASL RMG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Lancia

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Obiettivi: obiettivo dello studio è verificare il miglioramento della qualità delle indagini epidemiologiche per eventi epidemici di tossinfezione alimentare dopo l’implementazione di un protocollo aziendale condiviso tra i servizi del Dipartimento di Prevenzione della ASL RMG (SIP-SIAN-SV e l’attivazione della pronta disponibilità di una equipe dedicata.

    Metodi: sono state presi in considerazione tutti gli eventi epidemici di tossinfezione alimentare individuati dal SIP nel periodo 1998-2002: il periodo A (1998-1sem2000 è quello precedente all’attivazione del protocollo e il periodo B (2sem 2000-2002 è quello successivo. È stato realizzato un questionario per la raccolta retrospettiva dei dati archiviati; l’informatizzazione è stata effettuata con il programma EPIinfo vers. 6.0 e l’analisi con il software microsoft excel vers 7.0. Risultati: nel periodo A sono stati individuati n.14 eventi epidemici per un totale di 76 malati. Il servizio SIAN e/o SV è stato attivato nel 28% dei casi, il sopralluogo nel luogo di consumo del pasto è stato effettuato nel 42%(6/14 e nel 33% dei casi il campionamento dell’alimento ha individuato l’agente microbiologico. Nel periodo B invece sono stati individuati n.21 eventi epidemici per un totale di 202 malati. Il servizio SIAN e/o SV è stato attivato nel 71% dei casi, il sopralluogo nel luogo di consumo del pasto è stato effettuato nel 57%(12/21 e nel 57% dei casi il campionamento dell’alimento ha individuato l’agente microbiologico.

    Conclusioni: in seguito all’attivazione del protocollo è migliorata la qualità dei dati raccolti. L’istituzione di una equipe dedicata ha determinato una più accurata sorveglianza degli episodi di tossinfezione attraverso una maggiore efficienza nell’attivazione dei servizi SIAN-SV. Questa esperienza dimostra che l’integrazione tra i Servizi del Dipartimento di Prevenzione

  3. L’INSEGNAMENTO DELLE SCIENZE IN EUROPA: ASPETTI LINGUISTICI A CONFRONTO (ITALIA, DANIMARCA, GALLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Marianna Bollone

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available La componente linguistica riveste un ruolo prioritario nell’insegnamento-apprendimento delle scienze, specificamente prescritto dai programmi scolastici attualmente vigenti in Europa e pienamente accolto dalle Indicazioni nazionali per il curricolo della scuola dell'infanzia e del primo ciclo d’istruzione, di cui D.M. 254/2012. Il presente lavoro intende indagare l’incidenza dell’aspetto linguistico-comunicativo nel processo di insegnamento-apprendimento delle scienze nell’ambito di tre differenti contesti europei: l’Italia, la Danimarca e il Galles, nella fascia di età compresa all’incirca tra gli 11 e 14 anni, corrispondente per l’Italia alla Scuola secondaria di primo grado, per la Danimarca ad un segmento della Folkeskole, e per il Galles alla fase iniziale della Secondary School. La ricerca, incentrata su uno specifico argomento del programma di scienze comune ai tre sistemi scolastici, prevede un’analisi dei programmi ministeriali, delle programmazioni degli insegnanti, dei manuali in uso nelle scuole, nell’intento di definire il ruolo assegnato agli aspetti linguistici nell’insegnamento delle scienze sia livello legislativo-istituzionale che nella quotidiana pratica didattica.  Teaching science in Europe: language issues compared (Italy, Denmark, Wales The linguistic component plays a major role in the teaching and learning of science, specifically prescribed by the curriculum currently in force in Europe and fully supported by the National Guidelines for the curriculum in kindergarten and the first cycle of education, regulated by DM 254/2012. This paper aims to investigate the linguistic-communicative impact in the process of teaching and learning science in three different European contexts: Italy, Denmark and Wales in children aged 11 to 14, corresponding in Italy to Middle school, in Denmark to a segment of the Folkeskole, and in Wales to the initial phase of the Secondary school. The research focused on a

  4. La stima dei fabbisogni irrigui a scala aziendale e consortile mediante tecniche di Osservazione della Terra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filiberto Altobelli

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Le applicazioni agrometeorologiche per la gestione delle colture in pieno campo e l’utilizzo di nuove tecnologie di monitoraggio sono sempre più diffuse e si concretizzano anche attraverso lo sviluppo di progetti di ricerca internazionali orientati all’implementazione di servizi operativi. Particolare rilevanza assume il programma Global Monitoring for Enviroment and Security (GMES, che supporta lo sviluppo di capacità e servizi di monitoraggio globale attraverso tecniche di Osservazione della Terra.   Irrigation  needs  estimation  at  farm  and  district  level  by Earth Observation techniques SIRIUS  (Sustainable  Irrigation  water  management  and  River-basin  governance:  Implementing  User-driven  Services  is  a research project funded by EU FP7 in the GMES framework supporting the development of monitoring services through remote sensing and ICT technologies to deliver the service to the  final  users.  SIRIUS  is  developing  efficient  water  resource management  services  in  support  of  food  production  in  water-scarce  environments.  It  addresses  water  governance  and management  in  accordance  with  the  vision  of  bridging  and integrating sustainable development and economic competi-tiveness. The project is developing new services for water man-agers and food producers, and a range of additional information products in support of sustainable irrigation water use and management under conditions of water scarcity and drought.

  5. Local climate policy in Alkmaar, Netherlands. Policy analysis from A to Z; Lokaal Klimaatbeleid in Alkmaar. Beleidsanalyse van A tot Z

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burger, H.; Heinink, H. [ECN Beleidsstudies, Petten (Netherlands)

    2002-04-01

    This report describes the results of the final phase of a research project about local climate policy. An ideal model of a climate management system was tested by practise for the municipality of Alkmaar. In this case study ECN analysed numerous policy documents as well as the process of building a new soccer stadium. We looked if the municipal organisation passed through all the steps of this climate management system and if it used any mechanisms through which the external integration of climate policy in policies other than environmental policy fields could be enhanced. The report shows that though the model was not running effectively in Alkmaar, the municipal organisation still managed to partly integrate climate policy in non-environment policy areas. For the major part this can be contributed to enthusiastic and hard-working sustainability coordinators. Had the systematic approach been in place, the municipality would clearly be more accurate in its network policy steering which proved necessary to realise the new soccer stadium. [Dutch] Dit rapport doet verslag van een onderzoek naar lokaal klimaatbeleid in Alkmaar. Het onderzoek heeft plaatsgevonden in de eerste maanden van 2001. Het is onderdeel van het onderzoeksproject 'Lokale overheden en klimaatbeleid' dat is uitgevoerd in opdracht van het Nationaal Onderzoek Programma Mondiale Luchtverontreiniging en Klimaatverandering (NOP-MLK). Doelstelling van het onderzoek is te analyseren in hoeverre er in de dagelijkse Alkmaarse beleidspraktijk sprake is van integraal klimaatbeleid. Daartoe is er een analyse gemaakt van beleidsdocumenten en het proces rond de bouw van het nieuwe AZ-voetbalstadion. De conclusies hebben betrekking op de stand van zaken op het moment van onderzoek. In de periode tussen onderzoek en publicatie is veel gebeurd. Zo is Alkmaar sterk betrokken bij afspraken voor CO2- reductie met de provincie, bij het CO2- servicepunt en bij het bovengenoemde klimaatconvenant. De conclusies

  6. Caratterizzazione genetica di alcune popolazioni di cinghiale (Sus scrofa dell'Italia meridionale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.F. Caliendo

    2003-10-01

    liberi, che probabilmente rappresentano popolazioni più omogenee. Tra le popolazioni in cui l?ibridazione col maiale sembra maggiore figurano quelle di Padula e Cerreta Cognole (allevamenti, insieme alle popolazioni di Sacco, Monteverde e Baronissi (individui liberi. La sola popolazione di Cuccaro Vetere presenta individui marcatamente assegnabili al genotipo cinghiale (Castelporziano. Data la grande diversificazione delle popolazioni di cinghiale (libere e allevate si ritiene necessaria una caratterizzazione più estesa e basata su tecniche molecolari prima di effettuare un programma di gestione rivolto a questa specie.

  7. The role and importance of Tuvan literature and teaching it in schools in the preservation and development of Tuvan language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidiia Kh. Oorzhak

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The authors of the article start off by expressing their concern about the level of command of Tuvan by the younger generation, especially children. Preserving and developing Tuvan language is impossible without literature in Tuvan and teaching it in schools and other educational institutions. The article deals with the issues of teaching Tuvan literature in secondary comprehensive schools of the Republic of Tuva. The authors also provide an overview of textbooks of Tuvan literature compiled at the laboratory of Tuvan philology, Institute for the Development of National Schools of the Republic of Tuva, in compliance with the Federal educational standards of Russian Federation. The textbook provide the mandatory minimum of the standard-provided content of general education and guarantee the required quality of knowledge for school graduates. In 2013-2017, textbooks titled «Tөreen chogaal» (Literature in the Native Tongue were compiled and published for Grades 5-9, as well as two accompanying textbooks for Grades 5 and 6. The textbooks rely on the methodological principles of the study program «Tyva aas chogaaly bolgash literatura. Niiti өөredilge cherleriniң 5-11 klasstarynga chizhek programma» (Tuvan folklore and literature. Sample Study Program for Grade 5-11 of Comprehensive Schools. In comparison to the previous generation of textbooks, these have been largely updated both in their structure and scope of its content. The texts were grouped in the following categories: “Folklore, the nation’s boundless treasury”, “From folklore to literary genres”, “The world of childhood”, “The world of wonders”, “Holy places”, “The Stars of Victory” and “Animal world”. They prominently feature folklore texts, including shaman songs; tests and creative tasks have also been developed. In terms of their content and methodology, the textbooks intend to familiarize students with the spiritual, moral and aesthetic values of

  8. Personal monitoring services available at Institute for Radiation Protection of ENEA; Il servizo di dosimetria personale dell'Istituto per la Radioprotezione dell'ENEA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fantuzzi, E.; Bonarelli, T. [ENEA Centro Ricerche Ezio Clementel, Bologna (Italy). Dipt. Ambiente

    1999-07-01

    Personnel monitoring provides the means to measure and record the radiation doses received by individual workers. The ionising radiation decree (230/95) set out the circumstances when the assessment and recording of person's exposure is legally required. Many employers issue dosemeters to staff even though there is no legal requirement to do so. This may be part of a quality assurance programme or as a reassurance measure. Dosemeter readings will serve to ensure compliance with legal dose limits and assure the employer that radiation exposure is as low as reasonably achievable. The ENEA (National Agency for New Technology, Energy and the Environment) IRP (Institute for Radiation Protection) individual monitoring service has been running for over 30 years. It offers personnel dosemeters which are based on its expertise and backed up by continual research and development. The report provides details of the dosemeters in use at IRP enable to decide which ones most suit the needs and shows IMS's organisation, customer and communications, dose reports form and administrative items. A short mention of future development will also be given. [Italian] La dosimetria individuale fornisce gli strumenti per misurare e registrare le dosi da radiazioni ionizzanti ricevute dai lavoratori esposti. Il decreto legislativo 230/95 stabilisce le circostanze in cui il monitoraggio individuale e' legalmente richiesto. Molti datori di lavoro forniscono dosimetri individuali anche quando non vi e' una richiesta legale spesso per seguire le regole di un programma di assicurazione di qualita' relativo alla radioprotezione o per ottenere una conferma che il principio ALARA sia soddisfatto. Il servzio di dosimetria personale dell'Istituto per la Radioprotezione dell'ENEA e' attivo da oltre 30 anni e offre dosimetri sviluppati sulla propria esperienza nelle tecniche dosimetriche che vengono continuamente aggiornati e adeguati rispecchiando lo stato dell

  9. Evolution of the Concordia seismological observatory station CCD (GEOSCOPE network): a new post-hole installation on Antarctica inlandsis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zigone, D.; Danecek, P.; Bès de Berc, M.; Maggi, A.; Thore, J. Y.; Leveque, J. J.; Vallee, M.; Bernard, A.; Sayadi, J.; Morelli, A.; Delladio, A.; Chappellaz, J. A.; Alemany, O.; Possenti, P.; Stutzmann, E.; Bonaime, S.; Pesqueira, F.; Pardo, C.; Vincent, D.

    2017-12-01

    Concordia (75°S 123°E) is a scientific base operated by French polar institute IPEV (Institut Paul-Emile Victor) and Italian Antarctic Program PNRA (Programma Nazionale di Ricerche in Antartide), and is located at Dome C, on the ice sheet of the East Antarctica plateau. It hosts a seismological observatory (CCD), which is jointly operated by EOST (Strasbourg) and INGV (Roma). The highly strategic location and remoteness is the key strength of our program, which has provided observatory quality data since 2000. The station has been integrated into the GEOSCOPE network in 2008 and the data are now available in real time through GEOSCOPE and IRIS. The observatory is located at distance of 1km from the base. The current installation is placed at a depth of 12m in an artificial vault constructed from two shipping containers and buried in the snow. The vault is thermally very stable, but the relatively close proximity to the base causes increased diurnal noise ( 40 dB) at frequencies above 1Hz, especially during the summer season. The uppermost 100 m thick firn (snow) layer forms a waveguide, where anthropic noise from the base is trapped and easily picked up by the seismometers (T240 and STS2). Another limitation comes from the hydrostatic pressure of the snow which is continuously deforming the metallic structures: we record container cracking events on the seismograms, and we see visual evidence of structural deformations inside the tunnel and the vault. We propose an evolution of the CCD station towards a post-hole installation. Placing a sensor at a depth of approximately 130 meters, will reduce noise from thermal effects, from tilting and from anthropogenic activity, because it would be located below the firn layer waveguide and the ice pinch-out depth. In order to operate the borehole station for several years, we intend to keep the hole open and the sensor accessible, while ensuring good coupling between the sensor and the surrounding hard ice. To achieve these

  10. Shoe factories VOC emission factors assessment in the main italian shoe manufacturing pole; La stima dei fattori di emissione di SOV dei calzaturifici del principale polo calzaturiero italiano

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lunghi, S. [Urbino Univ., Urbino (Italy). Centro per la Diffusione della Cultura e delle Tecnologie Ambientali

    2001-03-01

    In 1991, 1.1 thousand million footwears have been produced in the European Union. Italy is the most important manufacturing pole with 411 million pairs produced. In Italy, the region Marche holds the manufacture supremacy (provinces of Macerata and Ascoli Piceno) with a production share of 27 {+-} 5 %; that means about 89-129 million pairs produced in 1999 and about 38.000 workers employed. During a research program ordered by the region Marche to the Diffusion Centre of the Environmental Culture and Technology, Urbino University of Studies, the VOC emission factors relevant to footwears manufacture cycle (except those of soles manufacture) have been assessed. The assessment was carried on the basis of emissions in the atmosphere, on basis of industrial accounting data directly acquired among a shoe-factories sample, and on basis of a wide statistic sample of technical reports according emissions local regulations. Such results may be useful both for the drawing up of guidelines for the emissions authorizations and as fundamental components of LCA (Life Cycle Analysis) footwear inventories. [Italian] Nel 1991 sono state prodotte nell'Unione Europea 1,1 miliardi di calzature. L'Italia e' la piu' importante produttrice con 411 milioni di paia. In Italia le Marche detengono il primato di produzione (provincie di Macerata ed Ascoli Piceno), con una quota di produzione pari al 27 {+-} 5 %, equivalente a circa 89-129 milioni di paia prodotte nel 1999, e con una forza lavoro complessiva di quasi 38.000 addetti. Nel corso di un programma di ricerca commissionato dalla regione Marche al Centro per la diffusione della Cultura e delle Tecnologie Ambientali dell'Universita' degli Studi di Urbino, sono stati stimati i fattori di emissione di SOV relativi al ciclo di produzione delle calzature (ad esclusione della produzione delle suole), sulla base di un vasto campione statistico di analisi alle emissioni in atmosfera, sulla base di dati di

  11. Lo screening auxologico: un'indagine necessaria per la prevenzione dell'obesitá in etá scolare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. La Licata

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Obiettivi: l’interesse suscitato dall’obesità in età scolare è in continuo aumento, sia a causa della prevalenza sempre più estesa di tale patologia in questa età, sia perché il bambino vive con ansia e ostilità questo suo stato divenendo spesso oggetto di derisione da parte del gruppo. In un progetto di educazione alimentare che potesse avere un’azione di prevenzione primaria nei riguardi dell’obesità in età evolutiva; il nostro obiettivo è stato quello di effettuare uno screening prima di iniziare l’intervento su una porzione di popolazione scolastica per valutare lo stato auxologico dei soggetti e saggiare le loro conoscenze sulla nutrizione e sulle abitudini alimentari. Abbiamo ritenuto che ormai sia assolutamente necessario ricavare queste informazioni per poi programmare interventi efficaci ed efficienti per migliorare la qualità di ogni programma di educazione alimentare.

    Materiali e metodi: l’indagine condotta in tre scuole elementari di Palermo ha coinvolto per ogni scuola due terze, due quarte, due quinte per un totale di 360 bambini con un’età compresa tra i 7 e gli 11 anni. Per la valutazione auxologica sono stati presi in considerazione statura, peso ed età cronologica secondo il metodo di J.M. Tanner. Il rilevamento delle abitudini alimentari e stili di vita è stato effettuato per mezzo di un questionario a risposta multipla.

    Risultati: dai risultati di questa indagine preliminare è emerso che la prevalenza dell’obesità in età evolutiva nella nostra popolazione si avvicina notevolmente a quella italiana che è del 19%. Lo stile di vita sedentario aggrava la già precaria situazione dovuta alla cattiva alimentazione.

    Conclusioni: dalle considerazioni fatte appare evidente quanto sia necessario e urgente un intervento efficiente di educazione alimentare che non resti sporadico e privo di una metodologia ben

  12. Green economy: un'occasione per le aree montane

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Sapone

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available È ormai opinione largamente condivisa che l’attuale “crisi” dell’organismo territoriale non sia soltanto economica ma anche ambientale. Quest’ultima tematica unita a quella della green economy potrebbero rappresentare l'occasione di intervenire sui sistemi territoriali non urbani, un tempo vitali per l’economia locale, ed oggi abbandonati a se stessi a favore delle aree urbanizzate, luoghi economicamente più vantaggiosi. Partendo dalle indicazioni del Programma per l’Ambiente delle Nazioni Unite (UNEP si potrebbero definire politiche di sviluppo al fine di migliorare la competitività e l'attrattività dei sistemi territoriali rurali attraverso la valorizzazione delle risorse endogene presenti su tali territori, con l’obiettivo di favorire lo sviluppo ecosostenibile delle diverse attività al fine di creare una rete integrata. La ricerca svolta presenta le diverse dinamiche legate alla creazione di una rete di Eco-Villaggi, con lo scopo di rifunzionalizzare il patrimonio edilizio e urbanistico esistente, migliorando, così, la qualità della vita dei centri montani. Questo modello può rappresentare concretamente una delle possibili soluzioni allo spopolamento, nel conservare e tutelare lo spazio naturale attraverso la promozione della green economy, basata sull’utilizzo di sistemi di produzione sostenibili, nel rispetto dei requisiti ambientali, nell’attivazione di sistemi energetici rinnovabili e nel richiamo turistico del patrimonio storico-culturale della montagna. Infatti queste risorse se gestite nel modo corretto, attraverso una attenta pianificazione territoriale, potrebbero rappresentare il volano per un modello di sviluppo sostenibile e allo stesso tempo potrebbero avviare una riqualificazione e valorizzazione dei borghi rurali, che spesso ospitano un patrimonio architettonico di notevole pregio. Risulta necessario, per i contesti rurali, porre in atto strumenti, modalità e forme innovative d’intervento capaci

  13. Operating Experience in Nuclear Power Plants with Boiling-Water Reactors; Experience acquise dans l'exploitation des reacteurs a eau bouillante; Opyt ehkspluatatsii kipyashchago reaktora; Experiencia adquirida con la explotacion de reactores de agua hirviente

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ascherl, R. J. [General Electric Company, San Jose, CA (United States)

    1963-10-15

    , ''Rejnish vestfalishes ehlektritsitetsverk und bajernverk'', Kal'-na-Majne, Zapadnaya Germaniya. Rabochaya kharakteristika kipyashchego reaktora atomnoj ehlektrostantsii pri obychnom rezhime raboty v kommunal'noj ehnergosisteme ochen' khoroshaya. Koehffitsient ispol'zovaniya i moshchnosti reaktora i ehlektrostantsii daet tverdoe osnovanie polagat', chto ehlektrostantsii s kipyashchimi reaktorami yavlyayutsya nadezhnymi s tochki zreniya ikh rabochej kharakteristiki. V techenie 1963 goda budut vvedeny v stroj chetyre dopolnitel'nye ehlektrostantsii s kipyashchimi reaktorami: atomnaya ehlektrostantsiya v Big Rok Pojnt, ''Kons'yumers pauehr kompani'', Sharl'vua, Michigan, atomnaya ehnergeticheskaya ustanovka v KHamboldt Bej, ''Pasifik gaz ehnd ehlektrik kompani'', Yurika, Kaliforniya, atomnaya ehlektrostantsiya v Garig'yano, Natsional'noe obshchestvo po atomnoj ehnergii, Skauri, Italiya,i Yaponskij demonstratsionnyj ehnergeticheskij reaktor. Yaponskij nauchno-issledovatel'skij institut po atomnoj ehnergii, Tokai-Mura, Yaponiya. Pusk i pervonachal'naya ehkspluatatsiya ehtikh ehlektrostantsij podtverzhdayut predpolozhenie o nadezhnosti ikh raboty, chto uzhe prodemonstrirovano atomnymi ehlektrostantsiyami v Drezdene, Kale i Vallesitose. Rabochaya kharakteristika atomnykh ehlektrostantsij v Drezdene, Kale i Vallesitose yavlyaetsya naglyadnym dokazatel'stvom stabil'nosti i bezopasnosti kipyashikh reaktorov. Krome togo, urovni radiatsii na samoj ehlektrostantsii i v okruzhayushchej srede znachitel'no nizhe predelov, ustanovlennykh litsenziyami na ehkspluatatsiyu. Podtverdilis' prostota i legkost' ehkspluatatsii kipyashchikh reaktorov. Kharakteristika kontrolya za nagruzkoj u kipyashchego reaktora s dvojnym tsiklom Drezdenskoj ehlektrostantsii okazalas' ochen' khoroshej. Krupnye i nebol'shie raboty po ukhodu i remontu mogut osushchestvlyat'sya obychnymi remontnymi gruppami bez vrednykh posledstvij ili bez limita vremeni, svyazannymi s soobrazheniyami radioaktivnogo oblucheniya. V

  14. Radiation Resistance of Enzymes in Foods Irradiated Against Microbial Damage; Radioresistance des Enzymes dans les Denrees Alimentaires Irradiees pour les Proteger Contre les Alterations Dues a des Bacteries; Radiatsionnaya ustojchivost' ehnzimov v pishchevykh produktakh,obluchennykh protiv vrednogo vozdejstviya mikrobov; Radiorresistencia de las Enzimas en los Alimentos Irradiados

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vas, K. [Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Atomic Energy in Agriculture, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)

    1966-11-15

    pishhevyh produktov ili pred- stavljav shhjh opasnost' dlja zdorov'ja naselenija. Takim obrazom, dozy obluchenija, dostatochnye dlja,mikrobiologicheskoj stabilizacii i rassmatrivaemye v nastojashhee vremja kak celesoobraznye s jekonomicheskoj tochki zrenija, ne dostatochny dlja predotvrashhenija jenzimaticheskoj porchi. Uzhe predprinjato mnogo popytok putem obluchenija sdelat' jenzimy v pishhevyh produktah neaktivnymi, no sudja po otnositel'nym neudacham bol'shinstva jetih popytok, mozhno polagat', chto dlja reshenija jetoj problemy na bolee racional'noj osnove neobhodimo imet' znachitel'no bol'she informacii. Do nastojashhego vremeni raboty v oblasti radiacionnoj jenzimologii provodilis' bol'shej chast'ju v oblastjah, predstavljajushhih interes dlja mediciny, i, kak pravilo, davali rezul'taty, kotorye nel'zja bylo neposredstvenno rasprostranjat' na sferu pishhevyh produktov. V proshlom naibolee intensivno izuchalis': 1) mehanizm inaktivacii, a takzhe ego rol'; 2) koncentracija jenzimov, 3) vodnaja aktivnost' sredy;4) kislorodnaja koncentracija; 5) pH i 6) temperatury. Doklad soderzhit obzor jetih rabot. Poskol'ku v bol'shinstve opublikovannyh rabot ne privodilos' dannyh otnositel'no stepeni chistoty jenzimov (ili oni ne byli izvestny samim avtoram) i t.k., s drugoj storony, izvestno, chto radioizmenjajushhie veshhestva okazyvajut opredeljajushhee vlijanie na inaktivaciju jenzimov s pomoshh'ju izluchenij, schitaetsja, chto neobhodimo provesti bol'shie raboty v oblasti radiacionno-zashhitnyh veshhestv i radiacionnyh sensibilizatorov v sochetanii s vysokoochishhennymi jenzimami. Obychno bol'shaja radiochuvstvitel'nost' vysokoochishhennyh jenzimov i kontrastirujushhaja s jetim chrezvychajnaja ustojchivost' jenzimov v tkanjah i v neochishhennyh jekstraktah ukazyvjut na neobhodimost' najti prichiny jetogo razlichija s tem, chtoby, po vozmozhnosti, vybrat' celesoobraznyj podhod dlja reshenija voprosa o kontrole za aktivnost'ju jenzimov pri obluchenii pishhevyh produktov. Takim

  15. The Pulsed Neutron Technique Applied to Fast Non-Multiplying Assemblies; Application de la Methode des Neutrons Pulses aux Assemblages Non Multiplicateurs a Neutrons Rapides; Primenenie metoda impul'snykh nejtronov pri izuchenii povedeniya bystrykh nejtronov v nerazmnozhayushchikh sborkakh; Aplicacion de la Tecnica de los Neutrones Pulsados a Conjuntos Rapidos de Materiales No Multiplicadores

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beghian, L. E.; Wilensky, S. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States)

    1965-10-15

    mozhno opredelit' putem izmerenija postojannoj spada v zavisimosti ot razmera sborki. Predstavlen teoreticheskij vyvod dlja rascheta doli uprugogo rassejanija v chlene utechki i, sledovatel'no, mozhno opredelit' sechenie neuprugogo rassejanija. Teoreticheskaja traktovka dlja rascheta vklada uprugogo rassejanija proverena jeksperimental'nym putem. Sechenie neuprugogo rassejanija zheleza izmereno s pomoshh'ju jetogo metoda dlja pervichnoj jenergii nejtronov v diapazone 0,8 -1,5 Mjev. Vysheopisannyj metod impul'snogo istochnika nejtronov byl ispol'zovan dlja. izmere nija postojannoj spada v otnoshenii svincovyh plastin. Jeksperimental'nye dannye primerno soglasujutsja s predpolozhenijami, kotorye obychno delajut pri reshenii bol'cmanovskogo uravnenija perenosa s vremennoj zavisimost'ju (t.e. odnomernoe, odnoskorostnoe). Postojannye spada izmereny dlja svincovyh plastin razmerom 28x32 djujma i tolshhinoj 2; 4; b i 8 djujmov. Posle vnesenija popravki na poterju jenergii i konechnye razmery sborki rezul'taty sravnivajutsja s priblizitel'nymi reshenijami bol'cmanovskogo uravnenija perenosa. (author)

  16. Measurements and Calculations of the Slowing-Down and Migration Time; Mesures et Calcul du Temps de Ralentissement et de Migration; Izmereniya i raschety vremeni zamedleniya i migratsii; Medicion y Calculo del Tiempo de Moderacion y de Migracion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Profio, A. E.; Koppel, J. U. [General Atomic Division of General Dynamics Corporation, John Jay Hopkins Laboratory for Pure and Applied Science, San Diego, CA (United States); Adamantiades, A. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States)

    1965-08-15

    impulsos para observar la atenuacion neutronica de caracter termico) y a las escasas probabilidades de captura. (author) [Russian] Srednee vremja i izmenenie vo vremeni zhizni nejtronov, poluchaemyh ot impul'snogo istochnika, s cel'ju ih zamedlenija i migracii do velichiny energii, ugla i polozhenija, udobnogo dlja nabljudenija, javljajutsja sushhestvennymi kolichestvennymi velichinami vo mnogih jeksperimentah. Srednee vremja javljaetsja popravkoj v izmerenijah nejtronnyh spektrov po metodu vremeni proleta v bol'shih ob{sup e}mah materialov, a izmenenie ogranichivaet maksimal'nuju razreshajushhuju spo- sobnost' takih jeksperimentov. Jeti parametry odinakovo vazhny v detektorah, zavisjashhih ot zamedlenija, v jeksperimentah po vremeni proleta, gde nejtrony s maloj energiej postu- pajut iz zamedlitelja, nahodjashhegosja vblizi pul'sirujushhego istochnika, a takzhe spektrometrii vremeni zamedlenija. Razrabotany razlichnye analiticheskie i cifrovye sposoby dlja vychislenija zavisimosti prostranstvennogo-energeticheskogo-uglovogo i vremennogo raspredelenija ili integralov po nim. Pokazano, chto momenty vremeni Empty-Set {sup (n)} (r, {Omega}, v, t) = {integral}{sub 0}{sup {infinity}}t{sup n} Empty-Set (r, {Omega}, v, t)dt, mozhno vyschitat' putem povtornogo primenenija programmy rascheta dlja stacionarnogo so- stojanija perenosa. Uslovie istochnika dlja vychislenija momenta ''p'' ravno nv{sup -1} Empty-Set {sup (n-1)}. Pri- vodjatsja rezul'taty dlja razmnozhajushhih i nerazmnozhajushih modelej reaktora {sup T}riga{sup .} Dru- gim metodom energeticheskogo rascheta javljaetsja metod vremennoj zavisimosti Monte Karlo. Dajutsja takzhe rezul'taty vychislenija potoka utechki iz tonkoj svincovoj plastiny. Izmerenija provodili na zamedlenii po vremeni po otnosheniju kadmievoj grani i re- zonansa v 1,46 jev indija v vode i toluole. Zahvatnoe gamma-izluchenie detektiruetsja s po- moshh'ju scintilljacionnogo schetchika. Jetot metod trebuet iskljuchitel'no intensivnogo is- tochnika i

  17. Notes on the Start-Up of the Latina Power Station; Notes concernant le demarrage de la centrale nucleaire de Latina; Zapusk ehlektrostantsii Latina; Notas sobre la puesta en marcha de la central electrica de Latina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calabria, G.; Gualtieri, G. [AGIP Nucleare, Milano (Italy)

    1963-10-15

    desarrollo de los ensayos finales, sobre la carga del combustible y el orden en que se ejecutaron las operaciones de puesta en marcha y sobre las determinaciones y maniobras de regulacion posteriores al estado critico. Se resenan asimismo las operaciones iniciales de generacion y conexion de la central con la red electrica. Por ultimo, se mencionan los problemas de organizacion derivados de la explotacion de la central, incluyendo la preparacion y formacion profesional del personal y las medidas de seguridad adoptadas. (author) [Russian] Privoditsya informatsiya o zapuske pervoj ital'yanskoj atomnoj ehlektrostantsii Latina moshchnost'yu 200 mgvt. Reaktor rabotaet na prirodnom urane s grafitovym zamedlitelem i gazovym okhlazhdeniem. Posle kratkogo opisaniya osnovnykh kharakteristik ehlektrostantsii privodyatsya podrobnye dannye otnositel'no provedeniya zaklyuchitel'nykh ispytanij stantsii'', toplivnoj zagruzki i poryadka ehkspluatatsii, izmerenij i upravleniya s dovedeniem do kriticheskogo sostoyaniya. Daetsya ob''yasnenie raboty po zapusku i vklyucheniyu stantsii v ehlektroset'. Izlagayutsya takzhe problemy, svyazannye s ehkspluatatsiej stantsii, v tom chisle podgotovka personela i ego kvalifikatsiya, mery po bezopasnosti. (author)

  18. Economic Aspects of Radiation Treatment; Considerations Economiques sur le Traitement par Irradiation; Ehkonomicheskie aspekty obrabotki produktov metodom oblucheniya; Consideraciones Economicas Sobre el Tratamiento por Irradiacion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leveque, P. [Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay (France)

    1966-11-15

    pudieron sacar varias conclusiones sobre el costo del tratamiento por medio de fuentes radiactivas y maquinas. Es conveniente, tres aflos despues, revisar las hipotesis fundamentales y, sobre todo, tener en cuenta el abaratamiento de los radioelementos, en particular, del {sup 137}Cs. Esto influye a la vez sobre el precio del kilovatio instalado y del kilovatio-hora de energfa producido. La experiencia adquirida en estos tres ultimos aflos permite precisar los rendimientos y factores de carga observados en instalaciones actualmente en servicio. Es cierto que en la mayorfa de los casos estas consisten en instalaciones de tratamiento de accesorios medicos, pero los problemas son analogos. (author) [Russian] V mae 1963 goda vo vremja raboty Konferencii po promyshlennomu primeneniju moshhnyh istochnikov izluchenija, organizovannoj MAGATJe, razvernulas' bol'shaja diskussija po voprosu sebestoimosti. V rezul'tate obmena mnenijami mozhno sdelat' nekotorye ocenki stoimosti obrabotki radioaktivnymi istochnikami i ustrojstvami. Zhelatel'no po istechenii treh let peresmotret' osnovnye gipotezy i uchest' snizhenie stoimosti radiojelementov, i v osobennosti cezija-137. Stoimost' radiojelementov okazyvaet vlijanie srazu na stoimost' 1 kvt ustanovlennoj moshhnosti i kilovatt/chasa proizvodimoj jelektrojenergii. V svete poluchennogo v techenie poslednih treh let opyta imeetsja vozmozhnost' utochnit' proizvoditel'nost' i kojefficient nagruzki dejstvujushhih v nastojashhee vremja ustanovok; Rech' idet v bol'shinstve sluchaev ob obrabotke vspomogatel'nogo medicinskogo oborudovanija, no vse jeti problemy sravnimy. (author)

  19. A gaseous scintillation counter filled with He{sup 3} for neutron spectrometry; Compteur a scintillateur gazeux rempli de {sup 3}He pour la spectrometrie des flux de neutrons; Gazovyj stsintillyatsionnyj schetchik napolnennyj He{sup 3} dlya spektrometrii potokov nejtronov; Contador de centelleador gaseoso cargado con helio-3 para la espectrometria neutronica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baldin, S A; Matveev, V V

    1962-04-15

    gaseoso, y se exponen los resultados de experimentos sobre el registro y la espectrometria de flujos neutronicos realizados mediante ese contador cargado con una mezcla de-10 por ciento de xenon y 9 por ciento de helio-3 a una presion de 20 atm. abs. Se proporcionan datos sobre la construccion del aparato de suministro que asegura el funcionamiento ininterrumpido del contador durante largo tiempo, proporciona las mezclas de gases necesarias a una presion de 60 atmosferas y permite proceder a una purificacion continua del gas. Se examinan, ademas, los resultados del estudio del poder de resolucion energetica y la linealidad del contador en funcion de la energia, su rendimiento con intensidades en campos gamma de hasta 3 roentgens/h, y algunas cuestiones relacionadas con la posibilidad de ampliar el intervalo energetico en el que pueden aplicarse los contadores de centelleador gaseoso cargados con helio-3. (author) [Russian] V doklade opisyvaetsya gazovyj agregat, gazovyj stsintillyatsionnyj schetchik, a takzhe rezul'taty ehksperimentov po registratsii i spektrometrii potokov nejtronov pri pomoshchi gazovogo stsintillyatsionnogo schetchika, napolnennogo smes'yu 10% ksenona i 90% geliya-3, pri obshchem davlenii 20 ata. Privodyatsya dannye ob ustrojstve gazovogo agregata, obespechivayushchego nepreryvnuyu rabotu schetchika v techenie dlitel'nogo vremeni, poluchenie neobkhodimykh smesej gazov s obshchim davleniem do 60 atm, i postoyannuyu ochistku gaza ot zagryaznenij. Krome togo v doklade obsuzhdayutsya rezul'taty issledovaniya ehnergeticheskogo razresheniya i linejnosti schetchika po ehnergii, ego rabotosposobnost' v gamma-polyakh moshchnost'yu do 3 r/chas, a takzhe voprosy, svyazannye s vozmozhnost'yu rasshireniya ehnergeticheskogo diapazona raboty gazovykh stsintillyatsionnykh schetchikov, napolnennykh geliem-3. (author)

  20. Waste Disposal Research and Development in the United States of America; L'Elimination des Dechets Radioactifs aux Etats-Unis d'Amerique: Travaux de Recherche et Progres Accomplis; 0418 0417 0423 0427 0414 ; Investigaciones y Trabajos Realizados en los Estados Unidos en Materia de Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Struxness, E. G.; Cowser, K. E.; De Laguna, W.; Jacobs, D. G.; Morton, R. J.; Tamura, T. [Health Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    1960-07-01

    'skoj raboty, imejushhej cel'ju izuchenie vozmozhnosti vpryskivanija radioaktivnyh zhidkih othodov v poristye porody cherez glubokie kolodcy i zahoronenija radioaktivnyh othodov v nepronicaemyh porodah gidravlicheskim putem. (author)

  1. Fixation of Radioactive Waste in Glass. Part I. Pilot-Plant Experience at Harwell; Fixation des Dechets Radioactifs dans le Verre, Premiere Partie: L'Usine Pilote de Harwell; 0424 0418 041a 0421 0410 0426 0418 042f 0420 0410 0414 0418 041e 0410 041a 0422 0418 0412 041d 042b 0425 041e 0422 0425 041e 0414 041e 0412 0412 0421 0422 0415 041a 041b 0415 ; Fijacion de Desechos Radiactivos en Vidrio. Parte I: Experiencia Adquirida en la Instalacion Piloto de Harwell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elliot, M. N.; Gayler, R.; Grover, J. R.; Hardwick, W. H. [Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Harwell (United Kingdom)

    1963-02-15

    los dos anos de explotacion de una instalacion piloto inactiva, a fin de explicar como se han llegado a establecer las actuales condiciones de trabajo. El cumplimiento de ciclos de trabajo completos en estas condiciones ha demostrado que el procedimiento utilizado es seguro y susceptible de repeticion. Se han proyectado los elementos constructivos adecuados para una instalacion activa, se los ha sometido a ensayo y los autores presentan el esquema de la instalacion piloto de 1000 c que esta por entrar en servicio en Harwell. Analizan por ultimo los factores que intervienen en la aplicacion del proceso en mayor escala, teniendo en cuenta las necesidades del programa de energia nucleoelectrica en vias de ejecucion en el Reino Unido. (author) [Russian] Dokazyvaetsja neobhodimost' osteklovyvanija radioaktivnyh othodov s cel'ju ih dlitel'nogo hranenija. Opisyvajutsja razrabotannye v Harujelle tehnologicheskaja shema i rabochij cikl processov fiksacii. Daetsja obzor rezul'tatov dvuhgodichnoj raboty jeksperimental'noj neaktivnoj ustanovki s cel'ju pokazat' process usovershenstvovanija jekspluatacionnyh harakteristik. Polnye cikly, provedennye v jetih uslovijah, podtverdili nadezhnost' i vosproizvodimost' jetogo processa. Byli razrabotany i oprobovany tehnologicheskie uzly, neobhodimye dlja aktivnoj obstanovki; daetsja shema lushhenoj v Harujelle opytnoj ustanovki na 1000 kori. Obsuzhdajutsja faktory, ot kotoryh,zavisit rasshirenie masshtabov primenenija jetogo metoda v svete uvelichenija programmy vyrabotki jelektrojenergii v Soedinennom Korolevstve. (author)

  2. Automatic Sample Changing System for Gamma-Ray Spectrometry; Changeur Automatique d'Echantillons Pourla Spectrometrie Gamma; Avtomaticheskaya sistema dlya smeny obraztsov pri gamma-spektrometrii; Cambiador Automatico de Muestras para Espectroscopia Gamma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lamson, K. C.; Sesko, W. J.; Nicholson, G. C. [Northeastern Radiological Health Laboratory, Winchester, MA (United States)

    1965-10-15

    ha solicitado una patente, viene funcionando satisfactoriamente desde hace mas de un ano en el Northeastern Radiological Health Laboratory. Su costo total, inclusive la mano de obra, fue inferior a 2000 dolares. (author) [Russian] Obnaruzhenie prirodnyh kolichestv gamma-izluchajushhih radioizotopov v biologicheskoj srede trebuet vysokoj chuvstvitel'nosti schetnoj sistemy. Dlja togo, chtoby poluchit' dostatochno tochnye dannye, trebuetsja mnogo vremeni, ot odnogo do neskol'kih chasov. Naibolee jeffektivnoe ispol'zovanie dorogostojashhego gamma-spektrometricheskogo schetnogo oborudovanija s nizkim fonom trebuet ego nepreryvnoj raboty. Dlja jetogo neobhodimo libo postojannoe prisutstvie personala, libo nalichie polnost'ju avtomatizirovannoj sistemy, vkljuchajushhej smenu obrazcov i registraciju dannyh. Cel'ju nastojashhego doklada javljaetsja opisanie avtomatizirovannoj gamma-spektrometricheskoj schetnoj sistemy, sproektirovannoj, izgotovlennoj i rabotajushhej v radiologicheskoj laboratorii v Uinchestere, shtat Massachusets. Prisposoblenie dlja smeny obrazcov bylo sproektirovano dlja raboty v sochetanii s bol'shim stal'nym jekranirovannym kontejnerom, i dlja jetoj celi mozhno legko primenit' ljuboe imejushheesja v prodazhe prisposoblenie takogo roda s otkryvajushhejsja perednej dvercej. Prisposoblenie oborudovano takim obrazom, chtoby obrabatyvat' razlichnye obrazcy, v tom chisle biologicheskie i medicinskie. Ono sostoit iz vrashhajushhegosja lotka, rasschitannogo na shestnadcat' obrazcov, sistemy periodicheskoj krugovoj podachi dlja ustanovki obrazcov v nuzhnoe polozhenie, mehanicheskoj ruki s jelektromagnitom dlja vvedenija i vyemki obrazcov iz kontejnera i rychaga dlja otkryvanija i zakryvanija dvercy kontejnera. Sistema dlja smeny obrazcov soedinena s mnogokanal'nym analizatorom, kotoryj obespechivaet bezopasnost', preryvaja cikl v sluchae neispravnosti v ljuboj faze. Posle zadannogo vremeni scheta dannye nanosjatsja putem punshirovanija na bumazhnuju lentu i

  3. The use of radioactive tracers in lubrication and wear research; Emploi des indicateurs radioactifs dans les recherches sur la lubrification et l'usure; Ispol'zovanie mechenykh atomov pri issledovanii voprosov smazki i iznosa; Utilizacion de los indicadores radiactivos en los estudios sobre la lubricacion y el desgaste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campbell, R B; Grunberg, L; Milne, A A; Wright, K H.R. [Lubrication, Wear and Mechanical Engineering Aspects of Corrosion Division, National Engineering Laboratory, Thorntonhall, Glasgow (United Kingdom)

    1962-01-15

    , se insertan en las camisas de un motor diesel varillas de fundicion que contienen iridio-192, y se mide la radiactividad de las muestras de aceite. Se utilizan particulas radiactivas de hierro y de oxido de hierro para estudiar su influencia en los procesos de desgaste. Empleando acido estearico marcado con carbono-14 y azufre-35 en solucion, se investiga la reactividad de las superficies del metal sometido a tensiones. Por otra parte, se esta estudiando la velocidad de reaccion de los aditivos lubricantes de engranajes haciendo pasar impulsos breves de corriente electrica a traves de hilos metalicos sumergidos en soluciones de compuestos marcados con azufre-35 y fosforo-32. Se investiga la formacion de peliculas antidesgaste en la superficie de los dientes de los engranajes en funcion de la carga, de la velocidad y del tiempo de funcionamiento. En muchas de estas aplicaciones se tropieza con la dificultad de tener que calcular las cantidades absolutas de materiales presentes en las peliculas que se forman en la superficie, o en las particulas originadas por el desgaste, a partir de la actividad medida. Con tal objeto se han elaborado metodos de calibracion. (author) [Russian] Vo mnogikh problemakh smazki i iznosa sleduet izuchat' protsessy, vstrechayushchiesya v ochen' malykh masshtabakh. Pri ehtom uspeshno ispol'zovalas' bol'shaya chuvstvitel'nost' indikatornykh metodov. Nekotorye primery podobnogo ispol'zovaniya ehtikh metodov dayutsya iz raboty otdela smazki i amortizatsii Natsional'noj tekhnicheskoj laboratorii Velikobritanii. Kolichestvennoe sootnoshenie mezhdu metallicheskoj peredachej i poverkhnost'yu treniya izuchaetsya kak funktsiya skorosti proskal'zyvaniya nerovnosti poverkhnosti i nalichiya smazochnykh materialov. Dlya togo, chtoby proanalizirovat' raspredelenie iznosa, chugunnye probki, soderzhashchie iridij-192, vstavlyayutsya v prokladki dizelya. Radioaktivnost', imeyushchayasya vo vzyatykh obraztsakh masla, zameryaetsya. Radioaktivnoe zhelezo i

  4. Reactivity coefficients by perturbation theory; Calcul des coefficients de re activite par la theorie des perturbations; Koehffitsienty reaktivnosti, opredelennye pri pomoshchi teorii vozmushchenij; Determinacion, de coeficientes de reactividad con ayuda de la teoria de las perturbaciones

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Webster, J W [International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)

    1962-03-15

    (MCBR). Al calcular la reactividad, se comprueba que el coeficiente correspondiente a la densidad neta del mercurio en el primer proyecto del MCBR es negativo en algunas regiones, y positivo en otras. Es negativo en las regiones de peso estadistico maximo y en las que los cambios de densidad serian mayores al variar la potencia. Por lo tanto, el coeficiente global de densidad del mercurio es negativo, esto es, el coeficiente de vacios es positivo, lo que constituye una condicion que implica peligro. En la formulacion de dos grupos, se aprecia facilmente que modificaciones es preciso introducir en el diseno para que el coeficiente de cavidad sea negativo. Nuevas investigaciones demostraron que era posible introducir dichas modificaciones, lograndose establecer para el MCBR un diseno cuyo coeficiente de vacios es negativo. (author) [Russian] Razvitie formuly teorii vozmushchenij daet khoroshuyu vozmozhnost' ispol'zovat' odin iz glavnykh metodov matematicheskogo issledovaniya, t.e. proizvesti dejstvie po analogii ot prostogo k bolee slozhnomu. V ehtom doklade: a) Rassmatrivaets ya formulirovka teorii vozmushchenij v kachestve metoda rascheta koehffitsientov reaktivnosti. On sostoit, glavnym obrazom, iz razvitiya differentsial'nog o uravneniya dlya sopryazhennogo potoka kak postoyannoj funktsii polozheniya i letargii, vyvodimoe po analogii ot odnoj gruppy differentsial'nog o uravneniya dlya sopryazhennogo potoka. b) Daetsya primenenie dvukhgruppovoj formy teorii vozmushchenij dlya kipyashchego reaktorarazmnozhitelya na bystrykh nejtronakh s rtutnym teplonositelem (MCBR). Vidno, chto koehffitsient reaktivnosti rtuti nizshej plotnosti v khode pervogo ispytaniya proekta MCBR yavlyaetsya otritsatel'nym dlya nekotorykh oblastej i polozhitel'nym dlya drugikh. Odnako on yavlyaetsya otritsatel'nym dlya oblastej naivysshego statisticheskogo vesa i tam, gde izmenenie plotnosti s izmeneniem ehnergii okazyvaetsya naibol'shim. Obshchij koehffitsient plotnosti rtuti yavlyaetsya, takim

  5. Some Possibilities of the Eddy-Current Method for Multi-Parameter Testing of Structural Components; Quelques Possibilites Offertes par la Methode des Courants de Foucault pour le Controle de Nombreux Parametres des Elements de Construction; Nekotorye vozmozhnosti metoda vikhrevykh tokov dlya mnogoparametrovogo kontrolya ehlementov konstruktsij; Algunas Posibilidades que Brinda el Metodo de las Corrientes de Foucault para Controlar Numerosos Parametros de los Elementos de Construccion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vjahorev, V. G.; Gerasimov, V. G.; Deniskin, V. P.; Trahtenberg, L. I.; Shkarlet, Ju. M. [Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol' zovaniju Atomnoj Jenergii SSSR, Moskva, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1965-09-15

    donnees calculees et experimentales, les auteurs indiquent diverses possibilites de realisation de detecteurs a courants de Foucault de frequence unique permettant le controle avec modification simultanee de plusieurs parametres. (author) [Spanish] Los autores demuestran que los problemas del control no destructivo de diversos parametros se plantean en la tecnologia nuclear segun ciertas leyes y que el metodo de las corrientes de Foucault se adapta particularmente a la solucion de varios de esos problemas. Los autores justifican la utilizacion de modelos electricos para resolver problemas de control con ayuda de una larga bobina hueca. Presentan formulas y exponen un metodo para el calculo de detectores a base de corrientes parasitas. Describen un dispositivo que permite verificar el espesor de las paredes de tubos; en este dispositivo, el desplazamiento del tubo a controlar no ejerce influencia alguna sobre los resultados de las mediciones, gracias al empleo de un monitor accionado por una senal dependiente de la fase de tension del detector. En calidad de detector se ha empleado un dispositivo destinado al control de los tubos de un autogenerador despues de haber incluido en su circuito una bobina de ensayo. Partiendo de datos calculados y experimentales, los autores senalan diversas posibilidades de realizacion de detectores a base de corrientes de Foucault de frecuencia unica, que permiten efectuar el control con modificacion simultanea de varios parametros. (author) [Russian] Pokazana zakonomernost' voznikno- venija zadach o nerazrushajushhem mnogoparametrovom kontrole v jadernoj tehnologii i celeso- obraznost' reshenija nekotoryh iz nih metodom vihrevyh tokov. Obosnovano primenenie jelektricheskih modelej dlja reshenija zadach kontrolja s ispol'zovaniem dlinnoj prohodnoj katushki. Privodjatsja raschetnye formuly i izlagaetsja metodika rascheta nakladnyh toko- vihrevyh datchikov. Opisana shema pribora dlja kontrolja tolshhiny stenki trub, v kotorom vlijanie pereme

  6. Fission gas pressure build-up and fast-breeder economy; Accumulation de la pression des gaz de fission et economie des reacteurs surgenerateurs a neutrons rapides; Nakoplenie davleniya gazov produktov deleniya i ehkonomika reaktorov-razmnozhitelej na bystrykh nejtronakh; Aumento de la presion de los gases de fision y economia de los reactores reproductores rapidos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Engelmann, P [Kernforschungszentrum, Karlsruhe (Germany)

    1962-03-15

    rascheta, pokazyvayushchie vliyanie ispol'zovaniya ehtikh materialov dlya obolochki i umen'sheniya plotnosti topliva na kriticheskuyu massu, a takzhe koehffitsient razmnozheniya v malykh i srednikh briderakh. (author)

  7. The Determination of Components of Radioactive Decay Mixtures by Computer Analysis of Count-Rate Data; Determination des Composants de Melanges Radioactifs en Decroissance par Analyse a l'Ordinateur des Resultats du Comptage; Opredelenie komponentov smesej radioaktivnogo raspada posredstvom analiza dannykh skorostej scheta s pomoshch'yu schetno-reshayushchego ustrojstva; Determinacion de los Componentes de Mezclas Radiactivas por Analisis de los Datos de Recuento Mediante Calculadoras

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Airman, W. D.F.; Tyler, S. A.; Dipertand, M. H.; Sedlet, J. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (United States)

    1965-10-15

    izmenjaetsja znachitel'nym obrazom za period vremeni nabljudenija, libo v rezul'tate neposredstvennogo raspada, libo vsledstvie narastanija produktov raspada. Dlja kazhdoj novoj smesi predstavljaetsja vozmozhnym predskazat' sostav vozmozhnyh komponentov na osnovanii takih soobrazhenij, kak proishozhdenie i posledujushhaja jevoljucija smesi, harakter himii otdelenija i metod ili metody scheta. Esli takogo roda soobrazhenija primenjajutsja nadlezhashhim obrazom, to sostav vozmozhnyh komponentov vkljuchit vse dejstvitel'nye komponenty smesi. V takom sluchae mozhno sostavit' nadlezhashhie uravnenija narastanija i raspada i reshit' ih odnovremenno dlja poluchenija kazhdogo komponenta, ili zhe smes' mozhet byt' razlozhena na sostavnye chasti graficheski putem jekstrapoljacii linejnyh otrezkov krivoj obshhego raspada i narastanija. Odnako v sluchae bol'shogo chisla komponentov, esli rech' idet o kompleksnyh shemah raspada, jeti dva metoda libo okazyvajutsja nepriemlemymi, libo ne predstavljaetsja vozmozhnym opredelit' velichiny pogreshnostej, svjazannyh s vychislenijami. Otbor komponentov raspada po metodu naimen'shih kvadratov daet luchshuju ocenku, chem samo po sebe odnovremennoe reshenie uravnenij. Pojetomu na osnovanii metoda naimen'shih kvadratov byla vyrabotana programma po fortranu dlja schetno-reshajushhego ustrojstva (oboznachennaja po kodu {sup K}ORD{sup )}, kotoraja razreshaet sledujushhuju obshhuju problemu: zadajutsja momenty vremeni i otschety za edinicu vremeni dlja proby, vozmozhnye ishodnye radioizo- ' topy i shemy ih raspada, a takzhe vse sootvetstvujushhie konstanty raspada i jeffektivnosti obnaruzhenija; trebuetsja podschitat' kolichestvo kazhdogo ishodnogo izotopa, dejstvitel'no prisutstvujushhego v zaranee opredelennoe nulevoe vremja. V dopolnenie k jetomu programma daet kolichestvo ishodnyh i dochernih produktov v ljuboj moment registracii dannyh. Ispol'zovannaja pervonachal'no dlja bioanalizov i dlja analiza vzjatyh iz okruzhajushhej sredy prob, jeta programma

  8. The First Two Years of Operating Experience of the Kahl Nuclear Power Station; Experience acquise pendant les deux premieres annees de fonctionnement de la centrale nucleaire de Kahl; Opyt pervykh dvukh let ehkspluatatsii atomnoj ehlektrostantsii v Kale; Experiencia adquirida en los primeros cuatro anos de funcionamiento de la central nucleoelectrica de Kahl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bruchner, H. J. [Aeg-Kernenergieanlagen, Frankfurt-am-Main (Germany); Weckesser, A. [Versuchs-Atomkraftwerk Kahl Gmbh, Kahl (Germany)

    1963-10-15

    , une boucle experimentale destinee a l'etude de la surchauffe nucleaire. (author) [Spanish] La central de Kahl constituye la primera central nucleoelectrica europea de propiedad privada, y funciona en carga desde junio de 1961. Esta equipada con un reactor de agua hi que trabaja en ciclo indirecto por circulacion natural. Su capacidad electrica neta asciende a 15 MW y hasta febrero de 1963 habia producido 140 millones de kWh. La memoria revisara la experiencia adquirida durante su funcionamiento, ante todo con el extenso programa de ensayos sobre el comportamiento transitorio y la exploracion gamma. Presentara datos acerca del resultado que han dado en funcionamiento ciertas partes de la central, tales como el dispositivo de accionamiento de las barras de control, el sistema de purificacion de los gases de escape y la turbina. Una vez terminado el programa de ensayos, la planta se exploto en carga basica durante algun tiempo a fin de reunir datos sobre el rendimiento del combustible en la ptactica. Una vez completada esta fase, se instalara en el reactor de Kahl un circuito experimental de sobrecalentamiento nuclear. (author) [Russian] Atomnaya ehlektrostantsiya v Kale, pervaya v Evrope chastnaya atomnaya ehlektrostantsiya, ehkspluatiruetsya pod nagruzkoj s iyunya 1961 goda. Na ehlektrostantsii ustanovlen reaktor s kipyashchej vodoj, kosvennym tsiklom i estestvennoj tsirkulyatsiej. Chistaya ehlektricheskaya moshchnost' reaktora sostavlyaet 15 mgvt. Do fevralya 1963 goda kolichestvo poluchennoj ehnergii sostavilo 140 mln. kvt.ch. Rassmotren opyt ehkspluatatsii, v chastnosti rasshirennaya programma ispytanij: naprimer,povedenie reaktora pri perekhodnom protsesse i kontrol' gamma-izlucheniya. Budut predstavleny rezul'taty izucheniya ehkspluatatsionnoj kharakteristiki nekotorykh komponentov ustanovki, naprimer sistemy privoda reguliruptsikh sterzhnej, sistemy udaleniya gaza i turbiny. Posle osushchestvleniya ehtoj programmy ispytanij ustanovka v techenie nekotorogo vremeni

  9. Focus on the world: The Keswick Convention and mission

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan (Hans Kommers

    2015-08-01

    ingeslagen. Keswick en zending zijn sinds die tijd ongescheiden en de KC is een factor van betekenis geworden in het leven van de universele kerk. De jaren door heeft het onderdeel zending een grote plek in het programma. Dit bracht de voorzitter van de KC, Aldis, vlak na WO II er toe om te zeggen: ‘Ik denk dat de KC meer gedaan heeft dan enig andere beweging in de kerken om mannen en vrouwen te roepen naar het zendingsveld.’ Op de website van de Conventie staat nu: De KC is gepassioneerd over zending en heeft support, bemoediging en onderdak verleend aan zendelingen en hun families voor meer dan honderd jaar. We zien dit als de sleutelrol van Keswick en een grote factor voor velen om concreet met de zending mee te leven. Op welke wijze is de zendingsvisie van het begin leidend in de KC nu in de een en twintigste eeuw?

  10. Status sulle conoscenze dei mammiferi molisani

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicola Norante

    2003-10-01

    reintrodotta. Dubbie le segnalazioni passate, i montanari la ricordano come ?Lupo cerviero? ma si è potuto trattare anche di felini di specie diversa, forse allevati da aristocratici. Sus scrofa (del quale è in programma uno studio sui mantelli per verificarne la variabilità, Cervus elaphus e Capreolus capreolus sono presenti con nuclei alloctoni reintrodotti. Presente anche Dama dama. Rupicapra pyrenaica distribuito in origine sulle Mainarde, risulta abbondante in tutta la fascia di rispetto al PNA e spesso è stato osservato a distanza, nei territori di Scapoli, Montaquila, Rocchetta, Cerro al Volturno. Per quanto riguarda i micromammiferi è in corso un censimento basato su trappolaggi e raccolta borre.

  11. Archeologia e città: la ricostruzione della linea di costa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Giampaola

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Argomento del contributo è la storia del paesaggio costiero antistante il nucleo più antico della città di Napoli ricostruita attraverso la procedura dello scavo archeologico, nel corso dei lavori per la realizzazione della linea 1 e 6 della Metropolitana. L’intervento archeologico si è rivelato un’occasione irripetibile di conoscenza, per la sua ampia dimensione e per la circostanza che si è sviluppato in un comparto topografico unitario quale il water front cittadino. Esso appare straordinario per l’intreccio di fattori diversificati: per la sua complessità tecnica e metodologica, per la rilevanza delle acquisizioni scientifiche, per lo stretto rapporto con un’opera pubblica di carattere ingegneristico che è parte di una delle più importanti trasformazioni della città contemporanea, avviata attraverso il Piano comunale dei trasporti. Occorre innanzitutto sottolineare che le indagini, dal punto di vista metodologico-procedurale, documentano una precoce attività di archeologia preventiva, avviata sin dalla metà degli anni ‘90 del secolo scorso, in un momento lontano dalle leggi vigenti che regolamentano l’impatto archeologico rispetto alle opere pubbliche. Nello stesso momento dell’inserimento di norme specifiche di tutela archeologica nella variante del PRG della città di Napoli, in base ad una concertazione fra il Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali, il Comune di Napoli e la Società Metropolitana, Concessionaria delle opere, si sono inserite le attività di natura archeologica , dalle prospezioni preliminari sino alle indagini estensive delle stazioni, all’interno del programma dell’opera pubblica di cui sono diventate una fase operativa preliminare e ineludibile. Il progetto della linea 1, il cui obiettivo è di collegare alla fascia collinare della città, di recente servita da un efficiente trasporto su ferro, il nucleo più antico dell’insediamento napoletano, risparmia l’area urbana di Neapolis

  12. Problems to be Expected in Disposing of Fission Products from a Possible Nuclear Power Programme; Problemes Eventuels d'Elimination des Produits de Fission dans les Futures Centrales Nucleaires; 0412 0415 0420 041e 042f 0414 ; Problemas que Puede Plantear la Evacuacion de Productos de Fision Resultantes de la Ejecucion de un Programa de Produccion de Energia de Origen Nuclear

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dickson, G. K. [Cenral Technical Services, Engineering and Development Group, United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, Risley (United Kingdom)

    1960-07-01

    menos precisos cuando se trata de un futuro mas lejano. Los procesos quimicos que sera necesario emplear para los combustibles irradiados dependeran del tipo de combustible, de su grado de combustion, etc. por lo que se supone que cambiaran durante el periodo en cuestion. Por lo tanto, se estudian las cantidades de productos de fision e isotopos pesados que puedan producirse, las formas en que puedan salir de los diversos procesos de elaboracion, y los metodos de que se dispone para manejarlos con garantias de seguridad, bien almacenandolos o evacuandolos. (author) [Russian] V dokumente rassmatrivaetsja tipichnaja programma po atomnoj jenergetike Velikobritanii na posledujushhie neskol'ko desjatiletij. V nem daetsja dostatochno horoshaja ocenka podlezhashhih stroitel'stvu tipov atomnyh reaktorov i tipov gorjuchego, kotoroe budet pervonachal'no ispol'zovat'sja v nih, hotja jetot vopros i javljaetsja menee opredelennym dlja posledujushhego vremeni. Himicheskaja obrabotka, kotoroj neobhodimo podvergnut' obluchennoe gorjuchee, budet zaviset' ot vida gorjuchego, ego vygoranija i t.d. i podvergnetsja izmeneniju vo vremja rassmatrivaemogo perioda vremeni. Pojetomu v dokumente udeljaetsja vnimanie voprosu o kolichestve deljashhihsja materialov i tjazhelyh izotopov, kotorye mogut byt' proizvedeny, o formah, v kotoryh oni okazyvajutsja posle himicheskoj obrabotki, a takzhe voprosu o dostupnyh metodah bezopasnogo obrashhenija s nimi kak posredstvom hranenija v cisternah, tak i posredstvom udalenija. (author)

  13. Le collezioni di Mammiferi del Museo Civico di Zoologia di Roma: una sintesi storica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria Svampa

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Il Museo Civico di Zoologia di Roma è sorto nel 1932 all?interno del Giardino Zoologico dell?allora Governatorato di Roma, di cui ha condiviso la direzione tecnica ed amministrativa sino al 1998. Il nucleo centrale delle collezioni è costituito dal materiale di proprietà universitaria, di quello che fu il Museo di Zoologia della Regia Università, a sua volta diretto discendente delle collezioni del Museo di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata del Pontificio Archiginnasio Romano. La quasi totalità degli esemplari tassidermizzati risale al periodo in cui l?Istituto di Zoologia fu diretto da Antonio Carruccio (1883-1914. Dal 1932, la collezione teriologica si è andata arricchendo, in particolare di materiale osteologico, soprattutto con acquisizioni provenienti dal Giardino Zoologico e da rare spedizioni scientifiche, come quella organizzata dal CNR nell?Alto Rio Negro del 1962-3, guidata da Ettore Biocca. Anche a causa del fatto che per molti anni il Museo è stato privo di curatori, mancano importanti collezioni teriologiche da studio, fatta eccezione per quella cetologica. In molti casi, singoli esemplari potenzialmente di grande valore scientifico, mancano di dati esatti sulla località di cattura. Nell?ambito di un programma di ricatalogazione della collezione recentemente intrapreso, particolare attenzione è stata posta all?acquisizione di tutti i dati legati alla storia dei singoli esemplari, rintracciabili attraverso i resoconti di viaggio dei singoli esploratori. Nel periodo universitario, infatti, il Museo della nuova capitale d?Italia fu oggetto di grande attenzione da parte di privati ed enti, a partire dai Savoia, che donarono le loro collezioni o il materiale raccolto durante le spedizioni effettuate. Il lavoro di revisione in corso sta mettendo in luce una serie di esemplari meritevoli di ulteriori, dettagliate ricerche. È probabile che molto del materiale del Museo, pervenuto a Roma attraverso donazioni della famiglia reale

  14. The article 583 bis of the Criminal Code: an illicit committed in the name of religion? - L’article n° 583 bis du Code Pénal : un acte illicite commis au nom de la réligion? - L’articolo 583 bis c.p. un illecito compiuto in nome della religione?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colombo C.

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Mutilations of female genital organs are a particularly difficult issue. That is the reason why it occupies historical, anthropological and medico-legal research. So the present article considers the situation in all these aspects together with the provisions introduced by Law n. 7, 9/1/2006 and article 583 bis of the Criminal Code for the Protection of the rights of women being mutilated.Indeed we believe that the mutilations are real and cause personal psychic injury. The custom of mutilation has nothing to do with religious beliefs, but is the product of old social prejudices against women, as an individual.La MGF (mutilation génitale féminine est un sujet de société tristement actuel dont on dit qu'elle est pratiquée au nom des croyances religieuses les plus ancestrales.C’est la raison pour laquelle j’ai voulu avant tout consulter, bien que brièvement, l'analyse anthropologique, historique, médico-légale et juridique effectuée sur cet argument pour me pencher ensuite sur la loi italienne n° 7 du 9/1/2006 et sur l’article n° 583bis du Code Pénal Italien, ayant trait à la sauvegarde des droits inaliénables de la femme qui subit une mutilation.En effet les mutilations sont de véritables lésions physiques et souffrances psychiques qui plus que motivées par des croyances religieuses sont dictées par d'anciens us et coutumes combles de préjugés sociaux envers la femme en tant qu’individu.Le mutilazioni degli organi genitali femminili rappresentano un tema tristemente attuale legato per “comodità” alle credenze religiose più arcaiche.Per questo motivo, l’articolo ha voluto, da subito, volgere uno sguardo, seppur breve, all’analisi antropologica, storica e medico-giuridica dell’argomento per poi considerare la legge n. 7 del 9/1/2006 (che ha attuato i principi della Dichiarazione e del Programma della IV Conferenza mondiale dell’ONU sulle donne - Pechino 1995, nonché le disposizioni degli artt. 2,3,32 della

  15. Latvian Waste Management Modelling in View of Environmental Impact Reduction / Latvijas Atkritumu SAIMNIECĪBAS ATTĪSTĪBA un TĀS RADĪTĀS Ietekmes UZ Vidi SAMAZINĀŠANAS MODELĒŠANA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teibe, I.; Bendere, R.; Arina, D.

    2013-12-01

    In the work, the life-cycle assessment approach is applied to the planning of waste management development in a seaside region (Piejūra) using the Waste Management Planning System (WAMPS) program. In Latvia, the measures to be taken for the climate change mitigation are of utmost importance - especially as related to the WM performance, since a disposal of biodegradable waste presents the primary source of GHG emissions. To reduce the amount of such waste is therefore one of the most significant goals in the State WM plan for 2013-2020, whose adoption is the greatest challenge for municipalities. The authors analyse seven models which involve widely employed biomass processing methods, are based on experimental data and intended for minimising the direct disposal of organic mass at the solid waste landfills. The numerical results obtained evidence that the thermal or biotechnological treatment of organic waste substantially reduces the negative environmental impact of WM practices - by up to 6% as compared with the currently existing. Klimata pārmaiņu samazināšanas pasākumi Latvijā atkritumu saimniecības sektorā ir īpaši svarīgi. jo bioloģiski sadalāmo atkritumu apglabāšana ir viens no būtiskākajiem SEG emisiju avotiem valstī. Pētījumā modelēti virkne sadzīves atkritumu apsaimniekošanas modeļi. kas ietver plašāk izmantotās biomasas pārstrādes metodes un samazina tiešu organiskās masas apglabāšanu cieto sadzīves atkritumu poligonos. Atkritumu apsaimniekošanas modeļu radītās vides ietekmes novērtēšanai izmantota WAMPS (Waste Management Planning System) programma, kas balstīta uz atkritumu apsaimniekošanas procesu dzīves cikla novērtējumu vienā no desmit Latvijas atkritumu apsaimniekošanas reģioniem - Piejūra. Iegūtie kvantitatīvie rezultāti norāda. ka organiskās atkritumu masas pārstrāde un stabilizēšana, izmantojot biotehnoloģijas vai termisko pārstrādi, būtiski samazina atkritumu apsaimniekošanas rad

  16. Associazionismo industriale e corporativismo: l’American Chamber of Commerce in Italy nell’epoca fascista = Industrial association and corporatism: The American chamber of commerce in Italy during the fascism age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vittoria Ferrandino

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Il contributo in oggetto si propone di approfondire i rapporti tra le corporazioni e i gruppi industriali italiani da un’ottica particolare, quella dell’associazionismo che si concretizza con l’American Chamber of Commerce in Italy, instituita nel 1915 per agevolare le relazioni commerciali tra Italia e Stati Uniti. La grave crisi economica del 1930 e del 1931 e, poco dopo, le gravissime restrizioni portate agli scambi con l’estero dal programma autarchico del Governo fascista, influirono notevolmente sullo sviluppo della Camera. L’autorità dell’istituzione venne a diminuire, i rapporti con gli Stati Uniti si fecero più rari e il numero dei soci diminuì notevolmente. Alle corporazioni furono affidate le autorizzazioni sui nuovi impianti, la costituzione delle compagnie per la valorizzazione dell’Africa orientale italiana, il controllo sulle iniziative economiche nelle colonie, la collaborazione col fisco nella determinazione e nell’applicazione dei tributi ed infine il controllo sul commercio estero e sulle valute. Di conseguenza, la funzione che lo Stato avrebbe dovuto esercitare servendosi delle corporazioni finì col ricadere nelle mani dei grandi industriali, che le dominavano attraverso i loro rappresentanti. Da un lato, quindi, vi erano le corporazioni, che garantivano piena libertà ai gruppi industriali, avallandone le scelte; dall’altro lato, invece, vi erano le autorità governative che riconoscevano i limiti di competenza e d’intervento di quelle istituzioni e la necessità di una migliore definizione degli obiettivi. This contribution aims to examine the relationship between corporations and the Italian industrial groups from a particular perspective, which is that of associations through the American Chamber of Commerce in Italy, established in 1915 to facilitate the commercial relations between Italy and the United States. The economic crisis of 1930 and 1931 and, shortly after, the very serious restrictions

  17. Non mi diverto più! Il gioco d’azzardo patologico / Je ne m’amuse plus ! Le jeu de hasard problématique / I am not amused anymore! The pathological gambling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vico Giulia

    2011-04-01

    .Argomento centrale di questo articolo è il gioco d’azzardo ed in particolare la patologia che esso può indurre. Al fine di introdurre il tema, viene esaminata l’organizzazione del gioco pubblico in Italia ed il contesto normativo in cui la materia è inserita. E’ poi analizzato l’inquadramento clinico della patologia e le caratteristiche di personalità e comportamentali tipiche del giocatore d’azzardo problematico. Dopo una breve disamina dei diversi programmi di trattamento della patologia, viene approfondita la particolare forma di terapia del gruppo di auto-aiuto dei “Giocatori Anonimi”. Essa rappresenta il contesto clinico all’interno del quale si è svolta una ricerca, che ha coinvolto 10 membri di un gruppo dell’associazione Giocatori Anonimi di Firenze, volta ad approfondire due aspetti peculiari dei giocatori d’azzardo patologici, cioè quelli relativi alle loro modalità erronee di pensiero concernenti il gioco ed alla loro decisione di partecipare al programma. In conclusione, data la gravità di questa patologia ai più sconosciuta, sono analizzate alcune importanti misure di prevenzione e di tutela dei giocatori d’azzardo problematici.

  18. The development of electric-powered vehicles. Does China cause an acceleration?; De ontwikkeling van elektrische auto's. Zorgt China voor een stroomversnelling?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Kleine, M.

    2010-06-15

    The Chinese government and trade and industry have the ambition to produce battery-electric vehicles on a large scale and to obtain a large market share worldwide. The policy of the Chinese government is characterized by three steps: stimulating R and D, showing the results and incentivising the market. Stimulating R and D has been done by the so-called 863 program over the last 15 years, focusing on battery-electric vehicles and on hybrid and fuel cell vehicles. Many car manufacturers pay attention to the development of electric vehicles, but they all focus mainly on conventional propulsion techniques. Interesting manufacturers are DongFeng, BAIC/Foton and BYD. Battery manufacturers also see opportunities in electric vehicles. Many are involved in the development of large batteries. BAK, BYD and Tianjin Lishen are the most interesting manufacturers. Various initiatives can be seen in the field of standardization, both nationally and internationally. Loading facilities are installed in an increasing number of locations. Despite all ambitions and initiatives it remains to be seen if China will cause a revolution. The available technical knowledge has its limitations. Investments and collaborations are limited. Moreover, the existing electrical infrastructure is preventing large-scale implementation of electric vehicles. China will play a role in the development of electric vehicles, but it will not cause a large acceleration. [Dutch] De Chinese overheid en het bedrijfsleven hebben de ambitie op grote schaal batterij-elektrische auto's te produceren en hiermee wereldwijd een groot marktaandeel te verkrijgen. Het beleid dat de Chinese overheid voert kenmerkt zich door drie stappen: het stimuleren van R en D, het tonen van de resultaten en het stimuleren van de markt. Het stimuleren van R enD is de afgelopen 15 jaar gedaan vanuit het zogenaamde 863-programma, waarbij men zich naast batterij-elektrische voertuigen ook op hybride en brandstofcelvoertuigen heeft

  19. The Adoption of Urgent Measures to Protect the Population in the Event of an Accidental Release of Radioactivity into the Environment; 041f 0420 0414

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dikobes, I. K.; Il' In, L. A.; Kozlov, V. M.; Moiseev, A. A. [Ministerstvo Zdravoohranenija SSSR, Moskva, SSSR (Russian Federation); Konstantinov, Ju. O.; Tarasov, S. I.; Shamov, V. P. [Nauchno-Issledovatel' skij Institut Radiacionnoj Gigieny Ministerstva Zdravoohranenija RSFSR, Leningrad, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1969-10-15

    situacii takova, chto sootvetstvujushhie mery zashhity jeffektivny lish' v tom sluchae, esli oni predprinimajutsja vovremja, v pervye chasy ili dni situacii. Pojetomu programma obespechenija radiacionnoj zashhity naselenija pri avarijnoj situacii dolzhna vkljuchat' (a) metody bystrogo poluchenija dozimetricheskoj informacii, neobhodimoj dlja jekstrennoj ocenki potencial'noj radiacionnoj opasnosti, (b) kriterij dlja prinjatija neotlozhnyh reshenij, t.e. urovni radioaktivnogo zagrjaznenija ili obluchenija, argumentirujushhie neobhodimost' jekstrennogo vypolnenija konkretnyh mer zashhity ili otsutstvie takoj neobhodimosti. Privodjatsja rekomendacii (proekt ukazanij) po prinjatiju reshenij. Kriteriem dlja prinjatija reshenij sluzhat dva urovnja opasnosti (A i B) po kazhdomu iz putej obluchenija, potencial'no sushhestvennyh pri rassmatrivaemoj situacii: vneshnee i kontaktnoe obluchenie, ingaljacija, zagrjaznenie produktov pitanija. Reshenija ob jekstrennom vypolnenii mer zashhity sleduet prinimat' na osnovanii sravnenija ocenennyh (prognozirovannyh) urovnej opasnosti s urovnjami kriterija, kotorye opredeljajutsja kak takie urovni opasnosti, pri kotoryh vypolnenie sootvetstvujushhih mer zashhity zhelatel'no (A) ili objazatel'no, nezavisimo ot konkretnyh obstojatel'stv (B). Chislennye znachenija urovnej kriterija vybrany s uchetom specifiki situacii i mer zashhity, predel'no dopustimyh urovnej professional'nogo obluchenija i izvestnyh svedenij o biologicheskom riske opredelennyh urovnej obluchenija. (author)

  20. Environmental study for optimal sites selection for incineration plant of refuse derived fuel in Lucca Province, Tuscany (Italy); Metodologie e tecniche di analisi ambientale per l`ubicazione `sostenibile` di impianti di smaltimento rifiuti: l`esperienza della Provincia di Lucca

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tassoni, E; Cautilli, F; Polizzano, C; Andriola, L [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Ambiente

    1998-04-01

    -southern part of the potentially suitable area mentioned above, finally further subdivided in 2 priority levels. [Italiano] Il lavoro presenta i risultati ottenuti dall`ENEA nell`ambito di un incarico conferito dall`Amministrazione Provinciale di Lucca, riguardante la localizzazione delle aree idonee all`installazione di un impianto di termoutilizzazione energetica di CdR (Combustibile derivato dai Rifiuti) e di una discarica ad esso associata, in sintonia con gli indirizzi contenuti nel `Programma politico d`azione della Comunita` Europea a favore dell`ambiente e di uno sviluppo sostenibile`. La ricerca e` stata effettuata dall`ENEA attraverso il supporto di metodologie, basate su criteri di natura ambientale, gia` precedentemente applicate a diverse situazioni territoriali italiane (Provincia di Cremona, Comune di Latina ecc.). Nel territorio in oggetto la localizzazione e` stata ricondotta alle problematiche connesse con quella delle discariche, che presentano generalmente maggiore impatto ambientale. Per calcolare l`impatto dei rilasci del termoutilizzatore nella fascia di potenziale idoneita` e` stato effettuato uno studio meteo-diffusivo per calcolare i livelli medi annui di concentrazione in aria a livello del suolo dei principali inquinanti (CO, SO2, NO2, ecc.) e le deposizioni (secca e umida), assumendo come emissioni al camino i valori limite imposti dalle direttive CEE; i valori medi calcolati sono risultati notevolmente al di sotto dei limiti di legge (DPR 203/1988). Sono stati infine selezionati 14 siti, concentrati prevalentemente nella porzione centro-meridionale della fascia suddetta, successivamente suddivisai in due classi di priorita` sulla base di motivazioni ambientali (elevata soggiacenza della falda, assenza di rischio di alterazione dei processi ecologici, scarso impatto sulle attivita` agricole), logistiche (maggiore estensione media con possibilita` di ospitare tutti gli impianti) e socioeconomici (presenza di grandi complessi industriali, minore

  1. Fabrication and Testing of Prototype APM-Clad UO{sub 2} Fuel Elements; Fabrication et essai de prototypes de cartouches de combustible en bioxyde d'uranium gaine d'aluminium (APM); Izgotovlenie i ispytanie prototipa toplivnykh ehlementov na osnove UO{sub 2} s obolochkoj iz alyuminiya metodom poroshkovoj metallurgii; Elaboracion y ensayo de elementos combustibles prototipo de UO{sub 2} con revestimiento de aluminio sinterizado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ballif, III, J. L.; Friske, W. H.; Gordon, R. B. [Atomics International, Canoga Park, California (United States)

    1963-11-15

    los elementos combustibles se extrajeron del reactor a raiz de problemas suscitados por el instrumental utilizado para los ensayos. Los tres elementos restantes continuaban en el reactor. Todos los resultados de los experimentos realizados hasta la fecha parecen indicar que el sistema de combustible PMA-UO{sub 2} permitira alcanzar los objetivos fijados para el programa relativo al reactor POPR. (author) [Russian] V podderzhku Programmy prototipov organicheskikh ehnergoreaktorov (POPR) moshchnost'yu 50 mgvt (ehl.) byla provedena obshirnaya rabota po razrabotke poroshkovoj metallurgiej alyuminievykh materialov (APM) v kachestve obolochek dlya topliva iz UO{sub 2} . Kak chast' ehtoj raboty byli issledovany ehvteticheskoe soedinenie, svarke v styk oplavleniem i kholodnaya svarka. Kolduehlla pod davleniem kak metody dlya soedineniya stykov pri sborke toplivnykh ehlementov. Vibratsionnoe uplotnenie izuchalos' kak sredstvo zapolneniya trubok APM dvuokis'yu urana. Opyty vne reaktora provodilis' dlya.ogo, chtoby poluchit' informatsiyu o svomestimosti APM - UO{sub 2} . Ehta rabota pokazala, chto pri sushchestvuyushchikh usloviyakh ehvteticheskoe soedinenie yavlyaetsya naibolee podkhodyashchim sposobom dlya soedineniya stykov; vibratsionnoe uplotnenie davalo plotnost' topliva v predelakh ot 80 do 88% teoreticheskoj plotnosti, i ne nablyudalos' vzaimodejstvie APM -UO{sub 2} v diapazone ehkspluatatsionnykh temperatur POPR (temperatura poverkhnosti razdela toplivo - obolochka maksimum 850{sup o}F). V rezul'tate ehtoj raboty bylo izgotovleno 5 prototipov UO{sub 2}-APM toplivnykh ehlementov s tsel'yu ispytaniya na opytnom reaktore s organicheskim zamedlitelem. Kazhdyj ehlement sostoyal iz 24 ili 25 toplivnykh sterzhnej v obolochke iz APM i sgruppirovannykh v sistemu 5 x 5 v stal'noj korobke, pokrytoj nikelem, ili toplivnoj korobke ieh APM. Dlya togo, chtoby uvelichit' poverkhnost' ehlementa i tem samym znachitel'no uluchshit' teploperedachu, izgotovlennaya ehkstruziej obolochka ieh

  2. The Effect of Kinetic Energy on the Reactions of Nucleogenic Carbon Atoms with Hydrocarbons; Effet de l'Energie Cinetique sur les Reactions des Atomes de Carbone Nucleogeniques avec des Hydrocarbures; Ehffekt kineticheskoj ehnergii pri reaktsiyakh atomov yadernogenichesko- go ugleroda s uglevodorodami; Efecto de la Energia Cinetica en las Reacciones de Atomos Nucleogenos de Carbono con Hidrocarburos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dubrin, J.; Rosenberg, H.; Wolfgang, R. [Sterling Chemistry Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, CT (United States); MacKay, C. [Haverford College, Haverford, PA (United States)

    1965-04-15

    , svjazannyh s dolgozhivushhimi radikalami; 2) issledovanija javlenij degradacii dlja ustanovlenija polozhenija, zanimaemogo mechenym atomom; 3) issledovanija s ispol'zovaniem dvojnyh indikatorov, v kotoryh reagirujushhee veshhestvo chastichno metitsja dejteriem, i izotopnyj sostav mechenyh produktov opredeljaetsja s cel'ju ustanovlenija proishozhdenija vodoroda, kotoryj v nih soderzhitsja. V doklade predstavleny novye rezul'taty otnositel'no vyhodov produktov v dvuh sistemah, neon- jetilen i neon -jetan, i obsuzhdaetsja vopros o vzaimosvjazi jetih rezul'tatov s dannymi drugoj raboty, svjazannoj s issledovanijami javlenij degradacii i provedeniem opytov s ispol'zovaniem dvojnyh indikatorov. Obsuzhdenie rezul'tatov izuchenija sistemy neon -jetilen proishodit v ramkah dvuh ranee opredelennyh mehanizmov vvedenija atomov ugleroda v svjazi C-C i C-H s cel'ju poluchenija proizvodnyh C-C{sub 2}H{sub 4} . Po mere uvelichenija koncentracii neona ne ustranjaetsja nikakogo poolukta. olnako zametno menjajutsja otnositel'nye vyhody produktov. Takie produkty, kak acetilen i vinilacetilen, kotorye mogut byt' obrazovany iz pervonachal'nyh proizvodnyh C-C{sub 2}H{sub 4} v rezul'tate osushhestvlenija processov s bol'shim rashodom jenergii, terjajut svoe znachenie, v to vremja kak uvelichivajutsja vyhody produktov, obrazuemyh v hode processov nizkoj jenergii, kak naprimer, C{sub 5} soedinenija. Shema jetana javljaetsja analogichnoj. Issledovanija javlenij degradacii uzhe pokazali, chto na vnutrimolekuljarnoe raspredelenie C{sup 11} v allene i metilacetilene, obrazuemom iz jetilena, okazyvaet vlijanie zamedlenie neona. Jeti rezul'taty podrazumevajut kak uchastie svjazej C-C i C-H v obrazovanii jetih produktov, tak i zavisimost' velichiny vozdejstvija na oba tipa svjazi ot kineticheskoj jenergii reagirujushhego atoma ugleroda. Rezul'taty drugoj raboty, svjazannoj s issledovanijami ispol'zovanija dvojnyh indikatorov, po problemam obrazovanija acetilena iz edinichnyh molekul, kak naprimer, CH{sub 2

  3. Fuel location, homogeneity and amount in flat and tubular configurations; Repartition, Homogeneite et Quantite du Combustible dans les Elements a Configuration Plate ou Tubulaire; Polozhenie, gomogennost' i kolichestvo topliva v ploskikh i trubchatykh konfiguratsiyakh; Disposicion, Homogeneidad y Cantidad de Combustibles en Configuraciones Planas y Tubulares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meester, P. de [Studiecentrum voor Kernenergie, Mol (Belgium)

    1965-10-15

    'no pri 80-90 kehv, avtoradiografiya i gammagrafiya. Pri radiografii toplivnykh Trubok svintsovuyu oprav- ku s prikreplennoj k nej rentgenovskoj plenkoj pomeshchayut vnutr' trubki. . Zatem pod razlichnymi uglami delayut rentgenovski snimki. Radioaktivnyj istochnik, skenniruyushchij toplivnuyu trubku vdol' ee tsentral'noj linii, v sochetanii s plenkoj vokrug trubki pokazyvaet zapisi, imeyushchie bol'shuyu razreshayushchuyu sposobnost'. Gomogennost' topliva neobkhodimo kontrolirovat' dlya obespecheniya bezopasnoj raboty reaktora, t.e., s odnoj storony, s tsel'yu izbezhat' izbytochnykh kontsentratsij topliva, koto- rye mogut vyzvat' paroobrazovanie pri rabote reaktora, okhlazhdaemogo vodoj pod davleniem, a s drugoj - obespechit' dostatochnuyu i ravnomerno raspredelennuyu toplivnuyu zagruzku. Ra- diografy mozhno ispol'zovat' dlya vizual'noj proverki. Esli neobkhodimo sdelat' kolichest- vennyj analiz, to luchshim priborom yavlyaetsya stsintillyatsionnyj gamma-spektrometr, izmerya- yushchij sobstvennoe izluchenie, kotoroe ispuskaet uran-235. Privoditsya analiz rezul'tatov, svyazannykh priblizitel'no s 400 toplivnymi plastinkami i pervoj partiej toplivnykh tru- bok. Mozhno kontrolirovat' kharakteristiki formirovaniya i tipichnye kontseviki. Rezul'- taty absorbtsionnykh izmerenij s pomoshch'yu aktivirovannogo istochnika yavlyayutsya neskol'ko khudshimi. Rassmatrivayutsya tsifrovye rezul'taty staticheskikh izmerenij i nepreryvnoj zapisi. Dlya raschetov fakticheskoj raboty reaktora dolzhno byt' izvestno kolichestvo top- liva, kak absolyutnoe kolichestvo, na kazhduyu zonu i na kazhdyj polnyj ehlement v tselyakh ucheta topliva i sravneniya s otsenkoj vygoraniya posle oblucheniya. Rassmatrivayutsya izgotovlenie i ispol'zovanie razlichnykh standartov, a takzhe tochnost' i ustranenie pogreshnostej. Predlagayutsya nekotorye uluchsheniya pri provedenii ispytanij v bud. (author)

  4. Slow Neutron Spectrometers at the Swedish Reactors; Spectrometres a Neutrons Lents des Reacteurs Suedois; 0421 041f 0415 041a 0422 0420 041e 041c 0415 0422 0420 042b 041c 0415 0414 041b 0415 041d 041d 042b 0425 041d 0415 0419 0422 0420 041e 041d 041e 0412 041d 0410 0428 0412 0415 0414 0421 041a 0418 0425 0420 0415 0410 041a 0422 041e 0420 0410 0425 ; Espectrometros para Neutrones Lentos en los Reactores de Suecia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dahlborg, U.; Skoeld, K. [AB Atomenergi, Stockholm (Sweden); Larsson, K. -E. [Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden)

    1965-06-15

    uglovogo raspredelenija s ispol'zovaniem kombinirovannogo analiza metodom kristallicheskogo monohromatora i metodom vremeni proleta poluchajut ochen' cennye rezul'taty, nesmotrja dazhe na otnositel'no plohuju intensivnost' i razreshajushhuju sposobnost'. Nedavno byl ispytan mehanicheskij selektor skorostej s razreshajushhej sposobnost'ju 4,2% po dline volny. Odnako jetot pribor poka ne ispol'zuetsja vo vremja jeksperimentov. Spektrometr po vremeni proleta v Studsvike na reaktore R2 moshhnost'ju 30 mgvt s vodnym zamedlitelem ispol'zuetsja v celjah monohromatizacii kombinirovannogo berillie- vogo fjl'tra i preryvatelja s uzkoj krivoj propuskanija. Na jetom spektrometre, a takzhe na spektrometre v Stokgol'me preryvatel' stavitsja pered obrazcom, i tem samym sozdaetsja vozmozhnost' odnovremennoj registracii dannyh pri razlichnyh uglah nabljudenija. Na reaktore R2 takzhe dejstvuet trehosevoj kristallicheskij spektrometr. Privodjatsja razlichnye svojstva raznoobraznyh priborov, naprimer intensivnost', razreshajushhie sposobnosti i prigodnost' dlja opredelennyh izmerenij. Tak, privodjatsja cifry, pokazyvajushhie, chto bol'shaja poterja intensivnosti svjazana s dovol'no ogranichennym uluchsheniem razreshajushhej sposobnosti. Interesno, chto kogda sravnivajutsja mezhdu soboj reaktory R1 i R2 v kachestve nejtronnyh istochnikov dlja raboty s kanalom dlja vypuska puchka, to pri rabote s vyvodom nejtronov potok nejtronov reaktora R2, javljajushhijsja v 100 raz bol'shim, umen'shaetsja primerno v 10 raz. Jeta poterja ob'jasnjaetsja uzkimi kanalami dlja vypuska puchka i fil'trami, neobhodimymi dlja umen'shenija potoka bystryh nejtronov i gamma-izluchenija. Kratko obsuzhdajutsja v celjah illjustracii dannye po rassejaniju H{sub 2}O, poluchennye na razlichnyh priborah. V rezul'tate sravnenija mezhdu soboj reaktora s vodnym zamedlitelem i tjazhelovodnogo reaktora s tochki zrenija raboty kanalov dlja vypuska puchka otchetlivo mozhno videt' preimushhestvo reaktora tjazhelovodnogo tipa. (author)

  5. Power Reactor Design at Zero Power; Etudes de Reacteurs de Puissance, au Moyen de Machines de Puissance Zero; Konstruktsiya ehnergeticheskogo reaktora nulevoj moshchnosti; Diseno de Reactores Generadores con Ayuda de Reactores de Potencia Nula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Redman, W. C.; Plumlee, K. E.; Baird, Q. L. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (United States)

    1964-02-15

    obsuzhdenii programm ob{sup j}asnjajutsja obstojatel'stva, vlijajushhie na vybor jeksponen- cial'nyh i chisto kriticheskih sborok, maketov ustanovok nulevoj moshhnosti i jeksperimen- tov na samom reaktore dlja poluchenija neobhodimyh dannyh, a takzhe ta rol', kotoruju igrajut vspomogatel'nye analiticheskie raboty. Na konkretnyh primerah pokazyvaetsja, kakie mo- gut byt' polucheny dannye do nachala raboty reaktora na moshhnosti. Jeti dannye vkljuchajut ostatochnuju reaktivnost' vykljuchennogo reaktora, zapas reaktivnosti dlja jekspluatacionnyh nuzhd, temperaturnye kojefficienty, jeffektivnost' regulirujushhih i avarijnyh sterzhnej, kinetiku reaktora, harakteristiki proizvodstva jenergii, trebovanija v otnoshenii puskovogo istochnika i chuvstvitel'nosti priborov, trebovanija v otnoshenii zashhity i balans nejtro- nov . V obzore nedavnih jeksperimentov v reaktorah nulevoj moshhnosti vyjavljaetsja bol'shaja rol', kotoruju igrajut v poslednee vremja jeksponencial'nye i kriticheskie sistemy v vypol- nenii Argonskoj laboratoriej zadach po razrabotke konstrukcij reaktorov. Ih rol' v budu- shhem vidna iz kratkogo izlozhenija osushhestvljaemyh i zaplanirovannyh programm dlja sem'i dejstvujushhih reaktorov nulevoj moshhnosti Argonskoj laboratorii i ozhidaemogo popolnenija. (author)

  6. Review of Development Status of Nuclear Superheat; Expose sur l'etat actuel des travaux concernant la surchauffe nucleaire; Obzor razrabotki voprosa o yadernykh peregrevatelyakh; Estudio de los progresos realizados en niateria de sobrecalentamiento nuclear

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Imhoff, D. H.; Pennington, R. T. [General Electric Company, San Jose, CA (United States)

    1963-10-15

    nuclear utilizado en el sobrecalentador, evaluaciones de la corrosion uniforme y localizada, tanto en el interior como en el exterior del reactor, resultados de experimentos criticos de sobrecalentamiento termico, y de las comprobaciones experimentales de transmision de calor; por ultimo, examen sucinto de las ventajas economicas que, segun los estudios, presentan los reactores de sobrecalentador separado, los reactores de sobrecalentador integrado y los reactores con sobrecalentamiento de espectro mixto. b) Breve descripcion del programa ESADA-VESR de desarrollo de combustibles para sobrecalentamiento nuclear, patrocinado por la Comision de Energia Atomica. Examen de los trabajos de investigacion, del diseflo de los elementos combustibles de la primera carga del sobrecalentador, de la gama de variables experimentales y de los resultados previstos para el programa trienal de desarrollo del combustible. (author) [Russian] Nachinaya s 1959 goda kompaniya ''Dzheneral Ehlektrik'' aktivno zanimalas' provedeniem raboty v oblasti yadernogo peregreva na reaktorakh s zamedlitelem iz obychnoj vody. Za ehtot period v SSHA vpervye byl proizveden yadernyj peregretyj par v khode provedeniya usovershenstvovannogo demonstratsionnogo ehksperimenta s peregrevom cha ustanovke SADE. Ehtot proekt finansirovalsya kompaniej. Nyneshnee sostoyanie s yadernym peregrevom podrazdelyaetsya na dve glavnye kategorii. Pervaya yavlyaetsya opisaniem trekh osnovnykh ustanovok po oblucheniyu peregretogo topliva, ispol'zuemykh kompaniej ''Dzheneral ehlektrik'', i vtoraya - opisaniem dvukh glavnykh razrabotannykh programm deyatel'nosti, vmeste s obzorom po sostoyaniyu na segodnyashnij den' znachitel'nykh rezul'tatov razvitiya v oblasti peregreva. 1. Glavnye usovershenstvovannye ustanovki: a) Daehtsya kratkoe opisanie ehksperimenta (SADE) na Vallesitosskom reaktore s kipyashchej vodoj (VBWR), privodyatsya tablitsy ehkspluatatsionnykh uslovij, dannye o toplivnykh ehlementakh, obluchennykh v period mezhdu maem

  7. Flute Characteristics of and Microwave Emission from a Plasma in a Mirror; Instabilite en Cannelures et Emission de Micro-Ondes par un Plasma dans une Machine a Miroirs; Zhelobkovye kharakteristiki i ehmissiya mikrovoln iz plazmy v zerkale; Caracteristicas del Estriado y Emision de Microondas por un Plasma en un Espejo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scott, F. R.; Jensen, T. H.; Wharton, C. B. [General Atomic Division, General Dynamics Corporation, San Diego, CA (United States)

    1966-04-15

    , intensa e irregular emision de microondas y rapida disminucion de la densidad. Se identifica en la memoria la estrfa de m = 1 y se sigue su fase hasta abarcar 4{pi}. La velocidad de fase coincide con la direccion de la deriva B de los electrones. El signo de esta velocidad de fase puede explicarse mediante la teorfa de Krall si la energfa de los electrones es mucho mayor que la energfa de los iones. El agregado de placas conductoras despues del espejo, atempero la violencia de la inestabilidad en forma de.estrias. Esta atenuacion solo depende de la resistencia superficial de dichas placas. El efecto se estudio midiendo el espectro de frecuencias de las sefiales provenientes de sondas de centelleo provistas de revestimiento y colocadas en la proximidad del recipiente de vacfo. (author) [Russian] Postroen impul'snyj probkotron dlja issledovanija ustojchivosti plazmy s umerennoj jenergiej. Plazma s jenergiej 70 jev inzhektiruetsja iz plazmennoj pushki v probkotron s pomoshh'ju linejnogo vos'mipoljusnogo napravljajushhego polja. Probochnoe pole sozdaetsja v moment prohozhdenija plazmy. V central'noj ploskosti probkotrona nabljudajutsja plotnosti plazmy 10{sup 13} jelektronov cm{sup -3}. Nabljudajutsja dva razlichnyh rezhima raboty, kotorye zavisjat tol'ko ot uslovij, sozdannyh v napravljajushhem pole. Pri pervom rezhime raboty plazma v probko- trone, po-vidimomu, javljaetsja ustojchivoj k zhelobkam, bol'shaja chast' plazmy uhodit vdol' osi, nabljudaetsja medlennaja anomal'naja radial'naja diffuzija i voznikaet mikrovolnovoe izluchenie na jelektronno-ciklotronnyh garmonikah v diapazone ot p = 1 i po krajnej mere do p = 19. Mikrovolnovoe izluchenie ne soglasuetsja s jelektronnoj vetv'ju neustojchivosti Garrisa. Schitaetsja, chto ustojchivost' jetogo tipa vyzvana provodimost'ju za schet holodnoj plazmy, istekajushhej iz oblasti napravljajushhego polja. Nabljudajutsja plotnosti svyshe 10{sup 11} jelektronov cm{sup -3} v techenie 200 mksek v oblasti mezhdu probkoj i

  8. Operating Experience with Indian Point Nuclear Electric Generating Station; Experience d'exploitation de la centrale nucleaire d'Indian point; Opyt ehkspluatatsii Indian-pojntskoj yadernoj ehlektrostantsii; Experiencia adquirida con la explotacion de la central nucleoelectrica de Indian point

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beattie, W. C.; Freyberg, R. H. [Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc., New York, NY (United States)

    1963-10-15

    'yu 275 tys. kvt. Toplivom v reaktore sluzhit smes' polnost'yu obogashchennoj okisi U{sup 235} i okisi Th{sup 232}. Stantsiya raspolozhena na reke Gudzon, primerno v 24 milyakh severnee N'yu-Jorka. V svyazi s takoj blizost'yu ot N'yu-Jorka v proekte stantsii byli predusmotreny dopolnitel'nye predokhranitel'nye ustrojstva dlya predotvrashcheniya otkloneniya reaktivnosti i radiatsionnykh ehffektov takogo otkloneniya. Stroitel'stvo zakoncheno v mae 1962 goda. Zagruzka topliva osushchestvlena v iyune, a 2 avgusta 1962 goda reaktor vpervye dostig kritichnosti. V techenie avgusta privodilis' ispytaniya ka maloj moshchnosti do 5 mgvt pri temperature okrukhaitsej sredy i povyshennoj temperature. 16 sentyabrya 1962 goda turbogenerator byl vpervye fazirovan s sistemoj Konsolidejtid Ehdison. Ispytanie reaktora na moshchnostyakh do 50% provodilos' do noyabrya i preryvalos' chastymi avtomaticheskimiostanovkami, bol'shaya chast' kotorykh byla vyzvana nepoladkami v neyadernoj chasti stantsii. Nepoladki v sisteme upravleniya privodov reguliruyushchikh sterzhnej byli samymi ser'eznymi pomekhami so storony yadernoj chasti stantsii dlya raboty s avtomaticheskim vvedeniem reguliruyushchikh sterzhnej i prichinoj zaderzhek s puskom reaktora posle avtomaticheskikh ostanovok. 14 noyabrya 1962 goda stantsiya byla ostanovlena dlya planovoj zameny truboprovodov v neyadernoj chasti stantsii i modifikatsij i dopolneniya sistemy provodov reguliruyushchikh sterzhnej. Poslednee vklyuchalo ustanovku sistemy ochistki sukhogo azota dlya kozhukhov privodov reguliruyushchikh sterzhnej, prednaznachennykh dlya svedeniya k minimumu ehffektov vody, prosachivayushchejsya cherez uplotneniya v kozhukhi reguliruyushchikh sterzhnej. Okazalos', chto ehto yavlyaetsya osnovnoj prichinoj nepravil'nykh pokazanij sistemy upravleniya reaktorom. Blok byl vnov' pushchen 1 yanvarya 1963 goda. Ispytanie reaktora na moshchnostyakh do 100% v usloviyakh stabil'noj nagruzki bylo zakoncheno 27 yanvarya 1963 goda. Rezul

  9. New Frontiers for Non-Destructive Testing in the Nuclear Age; Perspectives des Essais Non Destructifs a l'Ere Nucleaire; ''Novye rubezhi'' nedestruktivnykh ispytanij v yadernyj vek; Nuevas Posibilidades de los Ensayos No Destructivos en la Era Nuclear

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ballard, D. W. [Sandia Laboratory Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1965-10-15

    aplicarlas a la produccion si se quiere lograr un mayor nivel de seguridad en el empleo-del equipo nuclear. (author) [Russian] Posle vtoroj mirovoj vojny kolossal'no vozroslo chislo metodov nedestruktivnyh ispytanij chto mozhno v znachitel'noj stepeni ob'jasnit' tem, chto v jadernoj promyshlennosti pred{sup j}av- ljajutsja vse bolee strogie trebovanija k kachestvu i nadezhnosti oborudovanija. Slozhnost' sis- temy i obshhie rashody, svjazannye s povrezhdenijami, nastol'ko vozrosli, chto sushhestvuet na stojatel'naja neobhodimost' v razrabotke bolee jeffektivnyh metodov nedestruktivnyh ispy- tanij, a takzhe v ih ispol'zovanii na vsem protjazhenii proizvodstvennogo cikla. V nastojashhee vremja znachitel'no rasshirjajutsja vozmozhnosti primenenija horosho izvest- nyh metodov ispytanij, naprimer s pomoshh'ju radiografii, ul'trazvuka i jelektromagnitnyh kolebanij, dlja udovletvorenija vse vozrastajushhih trebovanij tehnicheskogo usovershenstvova- nija. Odnovremenno razrabatyvajutsja novye principy ispytanij special'no dlja togo , chto- by proverit' te trebovanija, kotorye pred{sup j}avljajutsja k staticheskim i dinamicheskim harakte- ristikam. Jeti bystrodejstvujushhie metody s vysokoj razreshajushhej sposobnost'ju, javljaju- shhiesja poistine ''novymi rubezhami'' nedestruktivnyh ispytanij, polozheny v osnovu nasto- jashhej raboty. V chislo novejshih metodov, kotorye rassmatrivajutsja v doklade, vhodit ispol'zovanie infrakrasnyh luchej dlja opredelenija prochnosti svarnyh soedinenij. Rassmatrivaetsja ispy- tanie struktur metodom kinoradiografii vo vremja vibracionnogo ispytanija s cel'ju izuche- nija ih dinamicheskogo povedenija. Drugoj oblast'ju, kotoraja imeet iskljuchitel'no vazhnoe zna- chenie dlja poluchenija nadezhnogo reaktornogo topliva, javljaetsja jeffektivnoe nahozhdenie mesta techi. Rassmatrivaetsja metod proverki zakljuchennyh v o''olochku komponentov, pri kotorom ispol'zuetsja radioaktivnyj gaz i kotoryj pozvoljaet izmerjat' skorosti utechki, sostavlja- jushhie 10

  10. A pulsed fast reactor; Un reacteur pulse a neutrons rapides; Impul'snyj reaktor na bystrykh nejtronakh; Reactor rapido pulsado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blokhin, G. E.; Blokhintsev, D. I.; Blyumkina, Yu. A.; Bondarenko, I. I.; Deryagin, B. N.; Zajmovskij, A. S.; Zinov' ev, V. P.; Kazachkovskij, O. D.; Krasnoyarov, N. V.; Lejpunskij, A. I.; Malykh, V. A.; Nazarov, P. M.; Nikolaev, S. K.; Stavisskij, Yu. Ya.; Ukraintsev, F. I.; Frank, I. M.; Shapiro, F. Ji.; Yazvitskij, Yu. S. [Akademiya Nauk, Moscow, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1962-03-15

    los impulsos de potencia. Asimismo, se efectuaron mediciones del periodo de los neutrones instantaneos, de la fraccion efectiva de neutrones retardados y de los coeficientes de variacion de la reactividad en funcion de la temperatura. (author) [Russian] Impul'snyj reaktor na bystrykh nejtronakh (IBR) rabotaet na nominal'noj moshchnosti v Obedinennom institute yadernykh issledovanij s dekabrya 1960 goda. Reaktor ispol'zuetsya v kachestve impul'snogo istochnika nejtronov dlya fizicheskikh ehksperimentov, provodimykh metodom vremeni proleta. Provodyatsya izmereniya polnogo secheniya, secheniya zakhvata dlya promezhutochnykh nejtronov, issledo- vaniya vzaimodejstviya medlennykh nejtronov s tverdym telom i s zhidkost'yu, izmereniya spektrov nejtronov, ustanavlivayushchikhs ya v. razlichnykh sredakh. V doklade opisany osnovy konstruktsii reaktora i rezul'taty ego issledovanij. Osnovnoj rezhim raboty reaktora-rezhim periodicheskikh impul'sov. Impul'sy moshchnosti voznikayut pri bystrom peremeshchenii podvizhnoj chasti aktivnoj zony reaktora cherez ego nepodvizhnuyu zonu. Podvizhnaya chast' aktivnoj zony zakreplena vo vrashchayushchemsya diske i dvizhetsya so skorost'yu-230 m/sek. Chastota impul'sov moshchnosti mozhet izmenyat'sya s pomoshch'yu vspomogatel'noj podvizhnoj zony v diapazone 2,3-88 im/sek. Srednyaya moshchnost' reaktora - 1 kvt. Polushirina impul'sa moshchnosti - 36 mksek. Reaktor snabzhen sistemoj upravleniya i zashchity, obespechivayushchej avtomaticheskoe podderzhanie srednej moshchnosti reaktora i ego bystruyu ostanovku v sluchae narusheniya rezhima. Reaktor snabzhen sistemoj vakuumirovanny kh nektronovodov, ispol'zuemykh v ehksperimentakh po vremeni proleta. Glavnyj nejtronovod imeet dlinu 1000 m. V protsesse puska i fizicheskikh issledovanij reaktora izuchalos' vliyanie peremeshcheniya organov regulirovaniya i podvizhnykh chastej aktivnoj zony na reaktivnost', izmeryalas' dlitel'nost' impul'sa pri razlichnykh rezhimakh raboty reaktora, izuchalis

  11. Thermal Annealing of Paramagnetic Defects Induced by Gamma Irradiation in (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}SO{sub 4} and (ND{sub 4}){sub 2}SO{sub 4} Single Crystals: Experimental Verification of the Theory of Fletcher and Brown; Recuit Thermique des Defauts Paramagnetiques Induits par Irradiation Gamma dans des Monocristaux de (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}SO{sub 4} et (ND{sub 4}){sub 2}SO{sub 4}: Verification Experimentale de la Theorie de Fletcher et Brown; 0422 0415 0420 041c 0414 ; Regeneracion Termica de los Defectos Paramagneticos Inducidos por Irradiacion Gamma en Monocristales de (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}SO{sub 4} y (ND{sub 4}){sub 2}SO{sub 4}: Verificacion Experimental de la Teoria de Fletcher y Brown

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calusaru, A.; Barbur, I.; Ursu, I. [Institut de Physique Atomique, Bucarest (Romania); Universite ' Babes' , Cluj (Romania)

    1965-04-15

    kinetika s edinym plato, sootvetstvujushhim obshhej rekombinacii radikalov. Dlja kazhdoj izotermy predstavljaetsja vozmozhnym sostavit' sootvetstvujushhee uravnenie, ispol'zuja pri jetom funkciju oshibok, vyvedennuju Fletcherom i Braunom pri rassmotrenii modeli i rekombinacii par, vnachale korrelirovannyh, a zatem vydelennyh v sootvetstvii s processom besporjadochnogo dvizhenija. Posle ispravlenija jetoj funkcii s uchetom kojefficienta q dannaja funkcija byla privedena v sootvetstvie s opytom. Sostavnaja krivaja otzhiga ochen' horosho otrazhaet funkciju ispravlennyh oshibok. Pri primenenii fenomenologicheskogo metoda Fletchera i Brauna dlja rascheta jenergii aktivacii bylo najdeno znachenie 1,594 jev, sootvetstvujushhee pervomu radikalu v (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}SO{sub 4}. Ispol'zuja izmenenie kojefficienta diffuzii'v zavisimosti ot temperatury, dlja toj zhe jenergii aktivacii bylo ustanovleno znachenie v 1,592 jev. S pomoshh'ju metoda Vand-Primak bylo najdeno znachenie v 1,45 jev, kotoroe javljaetsja men'shim po sravneniju s dvumja predydushhimi. V zakljuchenie otmechaetsja, chto model' rekombinacii par, korrelirovannyh v sootvetstvii s processom besporjadochnogo dvizhenija, primenima v forme, privedennoj v teorii, kogda imeetsja dovol'no slaboe vzaimodejstvie mezhdu obrazovavshimisja vidami i reshetkoj; takim putem pervonachal'no korrelirovannye pary mogut byt' vydeleny. (author)

  12. The Nature of the Phonon Spectrum and the Analysis of Lattice Thermal Conductivity; Nature du Spectre des Phonons et Analyse de la Conductibilite Thermique du Reseau; Kharakter fononnogo spektra i analiz teploprovodnosti reshetki; Naturaleza del Espectro Fononico y Analisis de la Conductividad Termica Reticular

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joshi, S. K.; Sharma, K. C. [Physics Department, Allahabad University, Allahabad (India)

    1965-04-15

    neobhodimym ispol'zovat' ochen' horosho otrabotannuju model' obolochki dlja dinamiki reshetki germanija, predlozhennuju Kohranom. Pri sootvetstvujushhem podbore parametrov, vhodjashhih v nashe vyrazhenie dlja rascheta teploprovodnosti reshetki, my vnov' poluchaem horoshee sootvetstvie s jeksperimental'nymi dannymi. My prishli k vyvodu, chto harakter fononnogo spektra ne vlijaet sil'no na analiz dannyh teploprovodnosti reshetki sushhestvujushhimi metodami, i tochnost' fononnogo spektra terjaetsja v rezul'tate podgonki razlichnyh vhodjashhih sjuda parametrov. Est' mnenie, chto vmesto togo, chtoby tratit' slishkom mnogo vremeni na raschet trudoemkih integralov dlja bolee realistichnyh dinamicheskih modelej reshetki, luchshe izuchit' spravedlivost' razlichnyh predpolozhenij o vremeni relaksacii, vhodjashhih v jeti integraly. (author)

  13. Measurement of resonance parameters of cross-sections affecting fast-neutron propagation in various media; Mesure des parametres de resonance de sections efficaces lies a la propagation des neutrons dans differents milieux; Izmerenie parametrov rezonansnoj struktury sechenij, vliyayushchikh na rasprostranenie bystrykh nejtronov v sredakh; Medicion de los parametros de resonancia de las secciones eficaces que afectan a la propagacion de los neutrones rapidos en distintos medios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nikolaev, M N; Filippov, V V; Bondarenko, I I [Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Russian Federation)

    1962-03-15

    propagacion de los neutrones en la materia abarca desde algunas decenas de kiloelectron-voltios , para los nucleos pesados, hasta unos cuantos mega-electron-voltios, para los nucleos intermedios. Para poder tener en cuenta los efectos de resonancia en el calculo de los parametros de los grupos, es indispensable conocer no solo las secciones eficaces medias correspondientes a las reacciones de los neutrones con la materia, sino tambien algunas magnitudes tales como (1/{Sigma}{sub t}), (1/{Sigma}{sub t}{sup 2}) etc. - los corchetes indican que se toman valores promedios de los grupos energeticos. La informacion de que se dispone actualement acerca de los parametros de resonancia en el terreno de los neutrones rapidos no permite calcular las magnitudes mencionadas con la exactitud necesaria. Por tal razon interesa medir directamente (1/{Sigma}{sub t}), (1/{Sigma}{sub t}{sup 2}) y otros valores analogos. Los autores presentan los resultados de las mediciones de una serie de parametros tales como ({Sigma}{sub t}), ({Sigma}{sub t}{sup 2}), (1/{Sigma}{sub t}), (1/{Sigma}{sub t}{sup 2}), (1/{Sigma}{sub t}{sup 3}), etc. que caracterizan la estructura de las secciones eficaces de una serie de nucleos intermedios para neutrones de energia comprendida entre 300 keV y 3 MeV. Dichos valores se dedujeron analizando las curvas de paso a traves de la materia, obtenidas con una geometria favorable, hasta un valor limite de 10{sup -2}, aproximadamente . Los datos obtenidos demuestran que los efectos de resonancia ejercen una notable influencia sobre las caracteristicas de la difusion en la materia. (author) [Russian] Pri sostavlenii sistem mnogogruppovykh konstant dlya rascheta reaktorov na bystrykh i promezhutochnykh nejtronakh vo mnogikh sluchayakh neobkhodimo uchityvat' ehffekty samoehkranirovki , svyazannye s rezonansnoj strukturoj sechenij. EHnergeticheskaya oblast', v kotoroj rezonansnaya struktura okazyvaet sushchestvennoe vliyanie na rasprostranenie nejtronov v veshchestve

  14. Some solvent extraction studies of trivalent metal halides; Quelques etudes sur l'extraction par solvant d'halogenures de metaux trivalents; Izuchenie ehkstraktsii nekotorykh rastvoritelej iz trekhvalentnykh metallicheskikh galoidov; Algunos estudios de la extraccion mediante disolventes de haluros de metales trivalentes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dietz, Jr, R J; Mendez, J; Irvine, Jr, J W [Department of Chemistry and Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States)

    1962-03-15

    'no vysokimi diehlektricheskimi svojstvami. Po kolebaniyam koehffitsienta ehkstraktsii pri razlichnoj kontsentratsii metalla byla poluchena konstanta ionizatsii vspomogatel'nogo ehlektrolita, HCl ili HBr, v nevodnoj faze s ispol'zovaniem metoda, razrabotannogo Poskantserom. Variatsii koehffitsienta ehkstraktsii s kontsentratsiej HX ispol'zovalis' dlya rascheta konstant stabil'nosti dlya slozhnykh obraztsov MX{sub 3} i MX{sub 4}{sup -}. Tak kak oni yavlyayutsya reaktsiyami vodnoj fazy, to ne zavisyat ot ispol'zovannogo organicheskogo rastvoritelya, i poluchena polnaya soglasovannost' dlya In (III)-HCl pri ispol'zovanii dvojnogo ehfira (2-khloroehtil) i nitrobenzola. Popytki provedeniya otsenki obrazovaniya konstant dlya gallievogo khlorida i soedinenij broma okonchilis' neudachej, tak kak slozhnoe obrazovanie proiskhodit v ochen' uzkom diapazone kontsentratsii kisloty. Raschety na osnove rezul'tatov ehkstraktsii fraktsii (GaCl{sub 4}{sup -})/{Sigma} Ga (III) v kachestve funktsii ot kontsentratsii NS1 nakhodyatsya v kolichestvennom sootvetstvii s rezul'tatami, poluchennymi Krausom i Nel'sonom pri izmerenii ionnogo obmena. (author)

  15. Efficiency of the Shut-Down and Safety Equipment and the Kinetic Characteristics of the G2 and G3 Reactors; Efficacite des dispositifs de secours et de securite et caracteristiques cinetiques des piles G2 et G3; Ehffektivnost' sistem avarijnoj zashchity reaktorov G.2 i G.3 i kineticheskie kharakteristiki ehtikh sistem; Caracteristicas cineticas y eficacia de los dispositivos de auxilio y de seguridad de los reactores G2 y G3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henri, C.; Plisson, J.; Teste duBailler, A. [Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay (France)

    1963-10-15

    dispositivos de seguridad instalados. (author) [Russian] Opyt, priobretennyj v techenie neskol'kikh let ehkspluatatsii reaktorov G.2 i G.3, daet vozmozhnost' podtverdit' vysokuyu stepen' bezopasnosti raboty semejstva reaktorov na prirodnom urane, grafite i gaze. Opisyvayutsya ustanovki avarijnoj zashity, kotorye pozvolyaet predotvrashchat', s odnoj storony, takie avarii kak prekrashchenie postupleniya ehlektroehnergii v raspredelitel'nuyu set', ostanovka tsirkulyatsii gaza, prekrashchenie podachi vody i t.d., i, s drugoj storony, takie avarii, kak razrushenie obolochki, mestnye peregrevy, poterya zhidkogo teplonositelya i t.d. Printsipial'nye skhemy dayut ob{sup y}asnenie rabote ehtikh ustanovok. Izuchaetsya, glavnym obrazom, ehlektrosnabzhenie i ''kontrol''' pri avarijnykh situatsiyakh, avarijnoe snabzhenie vodoj i tsepochka avarijnoj zashchity. Ukazyvayutsya posledovatel'nye izmeneniya i uluchsheniya ehtikh ustanovok S pomoshch'yu ehksperimental'nogo issledovaniya povedeniya reaktorov na nestatsionarnom rezhime vyyavlyayutsya vnutrenne prisushchie ehtim reaktoram kharakteristiki zashchity. Issledovaniya pozvolyayut podttverdit' prigodnost' raschetnogo metoda. (author)

  16. Demountable 4 {pi} Geiger Counters for Standardization and the Assay of Low-Activity Samples; Compteurs 4 {pi} GM demontables pour l'etalonnage et l'essai d'echantillons de faible activite; S'emnye schetchiki Gejgera na 4 {pi} dlya standartizatsii i otsenki prob nizkoj aktivnosti; Condatores GM 4 {pi} para la normalizacion de patrones radiactivos con baja actividad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trott, N G; Bentley, R E; Burton, L K [Physics Department, Institute of Cancer Research, Royal Cancer Hospital, London, S. W. 3 (United Kingdom)

    1960-06-15

    propre, du premier. Construit en acier inoxidable, il a ete initialement concu pour l'essai de faibles activites dans les materiaux biologiques. Il peut cependant etre adapte a la mesure absolue de sources de faible niveau d'activite ( {<=} 100 cpm) car, avec une gaine de compteurs cosmiques en anticoincidence son mouvement propre s'abaisse jusqu'a 1-2 cpm. (author) [Spanish] Los autores dan cuenta de algunos perfeccionamiento s introducidos en la construccion de contadores Geiger-Mueller 4 {pi} y estudian las aplicaciones de estos aparatos en la medicion de patrones radiactivos utilizados en trabajos de radiologia. En los dos modelos de contadores Geiger-Mueller 4 {pi} que los autores describen los alambres anodicos pueden desmontarse facilmente, lo cual facilita su limpieza. Uno de los modelos de contadores se viene utilizando con exito desde hace varios anos para normalizar radionuclidos {beta}; se exponen algunos resultados de las comparaciones efectuadas con los patrones de otros laboratorios. Estos contadores tambien se han empleado, en combinacion con un dispositivo de ionizacion {gamma}, para determinar la emision {gamma} especifica (factor k) del Fe{sup 59}, Cs{sup 137} y Ir{sup 192}. El segundo modelo, de acero inoxidable, es una copia del primero, en menor escala; esta disenado para trabajar con bajas actividades ambiente y se destina principalmente a la determinacion cuantitativa de pequenas cantidades de substancias radiactivas contenidas en materiales biologicos. Tambien puede adaptarse para la medicion absoluta de fuentes radiactivas de bajo indice de recuento ({<=} 100 impulsos por minuto), pues si se le rodea de contadores de rayos cosmicos, montados en anticoincidencia , es posible estabilizar la actividad de fondo en 1 a 2 impulsos por minuto. (author) [Russian] Izlagayutsya nekotorye rezul'taty raboty po konstruirovani yu schetchikov Gejgera-Myuller a na 4 {pi}, a takzhe voprosa ikh ispol'zovaniya dlya izmereniya standartov radioaktivnost i v rabote s

  17. Fisheries Radiobiology and the Discharge of Radioactive Wastes; Radiobiologie des Pecheries et Evacuation des Dechets Radioactifs; 041f 0420 0418 014 ; Radiobiologia de las Pesquerias y Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morgan, F. [Fisheries Radiobiological Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (United Kingdom)

    1960-07-01

    contacto con la Autoridad de Energia Atomica, y se ha llegado a un acuerdo con la misma por lo que respecta al grado de seguridad que conviene establecer durante los dos primeros anos de descarga. Durante esos dos anos, los datos relativos al moni- toraje reunidos por la Autoridad de Energia Atomica y por el Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesquerias y Alimentacion permiten cotejar, y modificar cuando es necesario, los calculos iniciales; al acabar ese periodo se conceden autorizaciones oficiales, basadas en la experiencia practica adquirida. (author) [Russian] V Soedinennom Korolevstve razreshenija na udalenie radioaktivnyh othodov predostavljajutsja ministrom zhilishhnogo stroitel'stva i mestnogo upravlenija, ministrom sel'skogo hozjajstva, rybolovstva i pishhevyh produktov i gosudarstvennym sekretarem po delam Shotlandii. Upravlenie po rybolovstvu zanimaetsja voprosami, svjazannymi s opasnost'ju, proishodjashhej vsledstvie zarazhenija vodjanyh rastenij i zhivotnyh, zhivushhih v vode. Do vydachi razreshenij na udalenie zhidkih othodov jeto Upravlenie provodit nezavisimuju ocenku na nekotoryj period vremeni v budushhem dopustimyh urovnej udalenija othodov. Jeta ocenka osnovyvaetsja na obshhirnyh issledovanijah, provodimyh v radiobiologicheskoj laboratorii Upravlenija i v ego laboratorijah, razmeshhennyh na sudnah; naprimer, obnaruzhenie zarazhennoj ryby v nekotoryh opredelennyh mestah oznachaet izuchenie voprosov, svjazannyh s kolichestvom ryby, ee raspredeleniem i peredvizheniem, pogloshheniem i rasprostraneniem radioaktivnosti s pomoshh'ju ryb, voprosov obshhestvennogo potreblenija ryby, rasprostranenija zarazhennoj ryby, dozy obluchenija, privodjashhej cherez opredelennyj promezhutok vremeni k smerti 50% obluchennyh, vozdejstvija radiacii na tkani i t.d. V hode takogo roda raboty provodilis' tesnye konsul'tacii s Upravleniem po voprosam atomnoj jenergii, i soglashenie po voprosam tehniki bezopasnosti s jetim Upravleniem budet zakljucheno vo vremja pervyh dvuh let

  18. Neutron activation analysis of ancient silver coins; Analyse d'anciennes pieces d'argent par activation neutronique; Nejtronozyj aktivatsionnyj analiz starinnykh serebryanykh monet; Analisis de antiguas monedas de plata por activacion neutronica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aitken, Martin J; Emeleus, Vera M; Hall, Edward T [Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, University of Oxford (United Kingdom); Kraay, Colin M [Heberden Coin Room, Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford (United Kingdom)

    1962-01-15

    ehry bylo opredeleno pri pomoshchi gamma-spektrometra posle nejtronnoj aktivatsii monet. Byli izucheny monety vos'mi gorodov i korolevstv. V razlichnykh gruppakh monet v srednem soderzhalos' zolota ot 0,02 % do 0,3 % i medi 0,1 % do 10 %. Byli polucheny dokazatel'stva torgovykh svyazej, prednamerennogo obestsenivaniya monet, a takzhe bylo obnaruzheno neskol'ko poserebrennykh monet, o chem ranee ne podozrevali. Soderzhanie zolota v monetakh opredelyalos' posredstvom izmereniya intensivnosti gamma-luchej (0,411 mehv) ot zolota-198 (2,96 dnej), soderzhanie medi - s pomoshch'yu izmereniya izlucheniya pozitronnoj annigilyatsii (0,511 mehv) ot medi-64 (12,8 chasov), a soderzhanie serebra - posredstvom izmereniya intensivnosti gamma-luchej (0,884 mehv) ot serebra- 110t (253 dnya). Dlya proverki identichnosti provodilis' izmereniya radioaktivnogo raspada. Metod ispol'zovaniya krivykh obshchego gamma-aktivnogo raspada sam po sebe yavlyaetsya nedostatochno chuvstvitel'nym. Dlya bolee tochnoj raboty podcherkivaetsya vazhnost' primeneniya priblizitel'no tochnykh standartov. (author)

  19. Electronic methods for discriminating scintillation shapes; Methodes electroniques de discrimination des formes des impulsions issues de scintillateurs; Ehlektronnye metody diskriminatsii form stsintillyatsii; Metodos electronicos de discriminacion de forma de impulsos de centelleo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forte, M; Konsta, A; Maranzana, C [European Atomic Energy Community, CCR, ISPRA (Italy)

    1962-04-15

    hasta impulsos debiles, de unas cuantas decenas de fotoelectrones, y la discriminacion de fragmentos emitidos por captura neutronica en liquidos conteniendo boro. Algunas de estas redes fueron capaces de operar con impulsos de la misma polaridad emitidos por dos de los ultimos dinodos, incluso con la salida de un solo electrodo. Ello puede ser util cuando conviene emplear el anodo independientemente, por ejemplo, para sincronizacion. (author) [Russian] Kak uzhe soobshchalos' ran'she, forma stsintillyatsionnogo impul'sa, kharakterizuyushchaya tip vozbuzhdayushchej chastitsy (ehlektron, proton, al'fa i t.d.), mozhet byt' prevrashchena v nezavisimyj ot amplitudy impul'sa parametr. EHto pozvolyaet vyyavit' posredstvom mnogokanal'nogo analizatora sostav vozbuzhdayushchego stsintillyator puchka so smeshannymi chastitsami. EHtot metod byl uspeshno primenen k neskol'kim stsintillyatoram kak organicheskogo, tak i neorganicheskogo tipa. Privodyatsya detali ehlektronnykh metodik, ispol'zovannykh dlya preobrazovaniya formy impul'sov. Dlya bolee prostykh sluchaev diskriminatsii tol'ko mezhdu dvumya vidami impul'sov (naprimer, diskriminatsiya nejtronov ot gamma-izluchenij) rassmatrivalas' takzhe vozmozhnost' ispol'zovaniya passivnykh skhem, predstavlyayushchikhsya perspektivnymi dlya dal'nejshikh usovershenstvovanij i uproshchenij. Bylo isprobovano neskol'ko skhem, glavnym rezul'tatom chego bylo to, chto pri nalichii fona gamma-izlucheniya udalos' rasprostranit' diskriminatsiyu protonov otdachi v zhidkikh stsintillyatorakh na malye impul'sy vsego lish' v neskol'ko desyatkov fotoehlektronov, a takzhe dobit'sya diskriminatsii oskolkov zakhvata nejtronov v soderzhashchikh bor zhidkostyakh. Nekotorye iz ehtikh skhem byli prednaznacheny dlya raboty s impul'sami odinakovoj polyarnosti, podavaemymi dvumya poslednimi ehlektrodami umnozhitelya, ili dazhe s vykhodnymi impul'sami odnogo lish' ehlektroda. EHto mozhet okazat'sya poleznym pri nezavisimom ispol'zovanii anoda, naprimer, dlya

  20. Hodoscope performance and design; Construction et comportement d'un odoscope; Demonstratsiya i konstruktsiya godoskopa; Diseno y caracteristicas de funcionamiento de un hodoscopio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boyarski, A; Ritson, D [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States)

    1962-04-15

    circuitos de un sistema de 200 contadores dispuestos para hodoscopia, que se ha empleado en Brookhaven para fines experimentales. Los circuitos, los transistores y los fototubos se mostraron sumamente estables a largo plazo. La vida de los transistores fue de 0,5 . 10{sup 8} horas, y solo uno de los 200 fototubos se estropeo a los 6 meses de funcionamiento. El correcto funcionamiento del aparato es comprobado en media hora por una sencilla serie de rutinas de diagnostico. Los autores registraron los datos en una pelicula que fue leida por un barrido programado en la calculadora TXO del Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Para leer 400 pies (122 metros) de pelicula por este sistema, se precisa una hora. Se ha introducido una pequena modificacion en el aparato, que ahora almacena los datos paralelamente en un registro de desplazamiento y los pasa en serie a una cinta magnetica. Este sistema escribe en cinta un suceso de 300 bits en un milisegundo y hace innecesario el almacenaje intermedio. (author) [Russian] Daetsya opisanie raboty i skhemy godoskopnoj sistemy iz dvukhsot schetchikov, primenennoj vo vremya opyta v Brukkhevene. Skhema, tranzistory i fotoehlementy obnaruzhili isklyuchitel'nuyu prodolzhitel'nost' dejstviya. Vremya zhizni poluprovodnikovogo trioda 0,5 x 10{sup 8} chasov, i tol'ko odin fotoehlement iz 200 iznosilsya posle trekhmesyachnogo ispol'zovaniya. Prostoj ryad diagnosticheskikh osmotrov pozvolyaet proveryat' rabotu apparata cherez kazhdye polchasa. Dannye zapisyvayutsya na plenku, kotoraya chitaetsya s pomoshch'yu perfroirovannogo razvertyvatelya na vychislitel'noj mashine TKHO Massachusetskogo tekhnologicheskogo instituta. Po ehtoj sisteme trebuetsya odin chas, chtoby prochitat' 400 futov plenki. Delaetsya prostoe izmenenie v apparate, posredstvom kotorogo dannye razmeshchayutsya parallel'no v registratore smeshcheniya i zatem seriyami zachityvayutsya na magnitofonnuyu lentu. Takaya sistema zapisyvaet 300 znakov na plenku v odnu millisekundu i

  1. Separation of Impurities in the Zinc Rectification Process by Radioactive Isotopes; Separation des Impuretes, a l'Aide de Radioisotopes, dans l'Affinage du Zinc par Voie Seche; ОТДЕЛЕНИЕ ПРИМЕСЕЙ В ПРОЦЕССЕ РЕКТИФИКАЦИИ ЦИНКА С ПРИМЕНЕНИЕМ РАДИОАКТИВНЫХ РАДИОИЗОТОПОВ; Estudio Mediante Radioisotopos de la Separacion de Impurezas en el Proceso de Purificacion del Cinc

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akerman, K.; Brafman, M.; Fik, H.; Kitala, J.; Nowak, M.; Poczynajlo, A. [Institute of Nuclear Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw (Poland)

    1963-03-15

    . Privedeny takte prakticheskie vyvody, kotorye javljajutsja rezul'tatom matematicheskogo issledovanija processa rektifikacii s tochki zrenija jetoj teorii. V rabote opisany opyty po issledovaniju processa rektifikacii cinka, v kotoryh byli primeneny radioaktivnye izotopy. Issledovalos' otdelenie primesej, obladajushhih vysokoj i nizkoj temperaturoj kipenija, a takzhe povedenie osnovnoj sostavljajushhej, to-est' cinka, vo vremja normal'noj raboty kolonny. V opytah byli primeneny sledujushhie radioaktivnye izotopy: Cu{sup 64}, Fe{sup 98} (vysokokipjashhie primesi), Cd{sup 115} (primes' s nizkoj temperaturoj kipenija) i Zneem (osnovnaja sostavljajushhaja). Rezul'taty provedennyh issledovanij javljajutsja opytnym podtverzhdeniem teorii A. Krupkovskogo. Poluchennye dannye ukazyvajut na celesoobraznost' izmenenija parametrov kondensacii parov cinka i kadmija v kadmievoj kolonne dlja togo, chtoby uvelichit' izvlechenie kadmija iz ishodnogo metalla i povysit' kachestvo cinka, poluchaemogo v rezul'tate rektifikacii. (author)

  2. Radiation Treatment of Meat Products and Animal By-Products; Traitement par Rayonnements des Viandes et Derives et des Sous-Produits Animaux; Radiatsionnaya obrabotka myasnykh produktov i subproduktov zhivotnogo proiskhozhdeniya; Irradiacion de la Carne y sus Derivados

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansen, P. -I.E. [Danish Meat Research Institute, Roskilde (Denmark)

    1966-11-15

    'ternativnyh metodov. S jetoj cel'ju v Datskom nauchno-issledovatel'skom institute mjasnoj promyshlennosti provodilis' raboty s bekonom, konservirovannoj vetchinoj, mjasnymi konservami i zhivotnymi kormami, kak-to: mjasnaja, kostnaja i krovjanaja muka. Daetsja obzor i obsuzhdenie jetih rabot. Vyvod, sdelannyj v rezul'tate provedennyh opytov, zakljuchaetsja v tom, chto obrazovanie neprijatnyh privkusov v obluchennyh produktah predstavljaet soboj ves'ma ser'eznuju problemu i predstavljaet znachitel'nuju trudnost' na puti k uspeshnomu primeneniju obluchenij v obrabotke mjasa. Pojetomu vazhno, chtoby pri provedenii posledujushhih issledovanij glavnoe vnimanie obrashhalos' na izyskanie sredstv dlja umen'shenija privkusov v rezul'tate obluchenija. Upominaetsja rjad podhodov k razresheniju jetoj problemy, i daetsja obzor rabot, provedennyh v jetoj oblasti Datskim institutom, kotorye, glavnym obrazom, byli skoncentrirovany na ispol'zovanii ochen' moshhnyh doz i neravnogo raspredelenija dozy v konservah. Daetsja kratkoe opisanie sushhestvujushhih koncepcij. (author)

  3. The Use of Ionizing Radiation in the Vulcanization of Silicon Rubber; Utilisation des radiations ionisantes pour la vulcanisation du caoutchouc au silicone; Ispol'zovanie ioniziruyushchikh izluchenij dlya vulkanizatsii silikonovogo kauchuka; Empleo de las radiaciones ionizantes en la vulcanizacion del caucho de siliconas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuzminsky, A S; Nikitina, T S; Oksentevich, L A [Rubber Research Institute, Moscow, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Russian Federation)

    1960-07-15

    temperaturas (150{sup o}, 200{sup o} y 250{sup o}). La irradiacion permite disminuir la temperatura de vulcanizacion y prescindir de un almacenamiento prolongado a temperatura regulada, que de otro modo es necesario despues de la vulcanizacion. El negro de humo puede utilizarse como material de carga para el caucho vulcanizado con arreglo al nuevo metodo. Los autores llegan a la conclusion de que el empleo de las radiaciones ionizantes se traduce en una simplificacion de la tecnologia de la vulcanizacion del caucho de siliconas y en un mejoramiento de las propiedades de los productos obtenidos. (author) [Russian] Osnovnaya tsel' raboty - podrobnoe izuchenie svojstv materialov, poluchaemykh v rezul'tate oblucheniya smesej polidimetil-siloksanovogo kauchuka s razlichnymi napolnitelyami (spetsial'naya kremnekislota, dvuokis' titana, kanal'naya, pechnaya i lampovaya sazha). Obluchenie provodilos' na moshchnoj rentgenovskoj ustanovke i na istochnike {gamma}-izlucheniya So{sup 60} aktivnost'yu 20 000 g-ehkv. radiya. Otsenena otnositel'naya skorost' obrazovaniya prostranstvennoj setki vulkanizatov (po velichine ravnovesnogo modulya i maksimal'noj stepeni nabukhaniya v benzole). Rassmotreno izmenenie soprotivleniya razryvu i otnositel'nogo udlineniya v protsesse oblucheniya. Vybrany optimal'nye rezhimy vulkanizatsii i opredeleny osnovnye fiziko-mekhanicheskie pokazateli vulkanizatov. Issledovano izmenenie svojstv radiatsionnykh vulkanizatov v protsesse teplovogo stareniya pri razlichnykh temperaturakh (150, 200 i 250{sup o}). Radiatsionnaya vulkanizatsiya isklyuchaet neobkhodimost ' provedeniya protsessa pri vysokikh temperaturakh i dlitel'noe termostatirovanie posle vulkanizatsii . Novyj sposob vulkanizatsii pozvolyaet primenyat' v kachestve napolnitelej uglerodnye sazhi. Ispol'zovanie ioniziruyushchikh izluchenij pozvolyaet uprostit' tekhnologiyu vulkanizatsii silikonovogo kauchuka i uluchshit' svojstva vulkanizatov. (author)

  4. A Low-Level Geiger-Counter for Tritium; Compteur Geiger a faible mouvement propre pour le tritium; Schetchik Gejgera s nizkim urovnem dlya tritiya; Contador Geiger de baja actividad de fondo para tritio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Von Buttlar, H; Stahl, W [Technische Hochschule, Darmstadt (Germany)

    1962-01-15

    tsepi antisovpadeniya i okolo 3 otschetov v minutu s tsep'yu antisovpadeniya . Esli predpolozhit', chto 1 otschet v minutu vyshe fona yavlyaetsya znachitel'nym, to dazhe takoe nizkoe sootnoshenie T/H kak 10{sup -16} mozhno izmerit' bez obogashcheniya izotopov. Vedutsya ehksperimenty po proverke raboty ustrojstva na prodolzhitel'nost' vremeni. (author)

  5. Rare-Earth-Rich Alloys; Alliages a Teneur Elevee en Terres Rares; Splavy, obogashchennye redkozemel'nymi ehlementami; Aleaciones Ricas en Tierras Raras

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Copeland, M.; Kato, H. [Albany Metallurgy Research Center, Bureau of Mines, United States Department of the Interior, Albany, OR (United States)

    1964-06-15

    solubilidad solida del metal aleado con la tierra rara y estudiaron la oxidacion y la corrosion. Los autores no observaron ningun aumento de la resistencia a la oxidacion en la atmosfera que pudiera atribuirse a la aleacion; es mas, la mayor parte de las adiciones ejercieron efectos nocivos. El aluminio mejoro notablemente la resistencia a la corrosion en agua caliente de las tierras raras sometidas a ensayo; la adicion de otros metales no pertenecientes al grupo de las tierras raras tambien aumento esa resistencia, pero en menor grado. (author) [Russian] Redkozemel'nye metally s vysokim secheniem zahvata teplovyh nejtronov predstavljajut interes dlja upravlenija reaktorami, proizvodjashhimi jelektrojenergiju; odnako oni podverzheny korrozii. I s hodja iz toj predposylki, chto neredkozemel'nye metally mogut byt' splavleny s disproziem, orbiem, gadoliniem i samariem i mogut uluchshit' ih svojstva, izucheny vlijanija redkozemel'nyh metallov opredelennyh dobavok ih na splavy. Izuchena rastvorimost' n e redkozemel'nyh metallov cirkonija, vanadija, hroma, zheleza, nikelja, medi, aljuminija i kremnija v disprozii, jerbii, gadolinii i samarii, a takzhe ih vlijanie na tochki plavlenija, preobrazovanie v tverdoe telo i korrozijnye svojstva. Podgotovleny diagrammy faz vplot' do pervyh soedinenij, obogashhennyh redkozemel'nymi jelementami ili jevtetik, kotorye voznikli vpervye. Po zavershenii jetoj chasti raboty byli sozdany splavy, obrabotany pri vysokoj temperature s cel'ju poluchenija maksimal'noj rastvorimosti tverdyh neredkozemel'nyh jelementov, dobavljaemyh dlja splava, i byli provedeny ispytanija na okislenie i korroziju. Pri splavlenii ne nabljudalos' uluchshenija redkozemel'nyh metallov v otnoshenii stojkosti k okisleniju na vozduhe, i fakticheski v bol'shinstve dobavki okazalis' vrednymi. Aljuminij v znachitel'noj stepeni uluchshil soprotivljaemost' k korrozii ot gorjachej vody v aprobirovannyh redkozemel'nyh jelementah; drugie neredkozemel'nye metally pri dobavkah uluchshili

  6. Limits to the Recognizability of Flaws in Non-Destructive Testing Steam-Generator Tubes for Nuclear-Power Plants; Limitations de l'Efficacite de la Detection des Defauts par Essais Non Destructifs de Tubes de Bouilleurs pour Centrales Nucleaires; Predely ehffektivnosti nedestruktivnoj defektoskopii trub parogeneratorov yadernykh ehlektrostantsij; Limites para Distinguir los Defectos en el Ensayo No Destructivo de Tubo para Generadores de Vapor Destinados a Centrales Nucleares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuhlmann, A.; Adamsky, F. -J. [Technischer Ueberwachungs-Verein Reinland e.V., Cologne (Germany)

    1965-10-15

    de vapor. Se describen minuciosamente los siguientes ensayos: a) ensayo ultrasonico automatico de los tubos rectos en la fabrica misma; b) ensayo combinado, ultrasonico y radiografico, de los tubos curvados y de las soldaduras; c) otros ensayos no destructivos. (author) [Russian] V FRG strojatsja jadernye reaktory s parogeneratorami vnutri korpusa reaktora pod davleniem. Pri takoj konstrukcii ochen' trudno remontirovat' truby parogeneratorov, chto vedet k bol'shim prostojam jadernoj jelektro stancii. Izvestno, chto mnogochislennye neispravnosti, vstrechajushhiesja na obychnyh jelektrostancijah, javljajutsja rezul'tatom povrezhdenij trub parogeneratorov. Vvidu vysokih obshhih zatrat neobhodimo stroit' parogeneratory tak, chtooy zagruzka ih po vozmozhnosti byla vysokoj. Ob{sup e}dineniju tehnicheskogo kontrolja Rejnland porucheno osushhestvljat' nabljudenie i kontrol' za izgotovleniem parogeneratorov, chtoby jeta chast' jelektrostancij byla, po vozmozhnosti, svobodna ot kakih-libo nedostatkov. Poluchennyj pri osushhestvlenii jetoj raboty opyt predstavljaet v obshhem interes dlja proizvodstva i stroitel'stva parogeneratorov dlja jadernyh jelektrostancij. Doklad kasaetsja predelov jeffektivnosti kontrolja trub parogeneratorov bez ih razrushenija. Obsuzhdajutsja v detaljah sledujushhie vypolnennye vidy kontrolja: a) avtomaticheskaja ul'trazvukovaja proverka prjamyh trub na proizvodjashhej ustanovke; b) kombinirovannaja ul'trazvukovaja i radiograficheskaja proverka gnutyh trub i svarok trub; v) drugie vidy nedestruktivnogo kontrolja. (author)

  7. Experiments on multi-stage light intensification by electro-luminescence; Experiences sur l'intensification de la lumiere en cascade par electroluminescence; Opyty po mnogokaskadnomu svetousileniyu (fotoumnozheniyu) posredstvom ehlektrosvecheniya; Experimentos sobre intensificacion en cascada de la luminosidad por electroluminiscencia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Owaki, K; Nakamura, T [Kobe Kogyo Corporation, Okubo, Akashi, Hyogo (Japan)

    1962-04-15

    S fotosensible en polvo, aglomerado con plastico y moldeado. Basandose en los resultados obtenidos con un solo elemento intensificador, se construyeron intensificadores de dos y tres etapas y se efectuaron experimentos para estudiar sus caracteristicas con diferentes resistencias montadas en paralelo. Con el intensificador de tres etapas se obtuvo una amplificacion del orden de 400, para una radiacion de entrada igual a 0,3 rdlux. Estos resultados sugieren la posibilidad de obtener un mayor aumento para una radiacion de entrada menor. Los autores estiman posible aplicar estos resultados experimentales a los intensificadores solidos de imagenes disenando un dispositivo adecuado. (author) [Russian] Za poslednie gody, v kachestve odnogo iz vazhnykh primenenij ehlektroniki tverdykh tel, byl opublikovan tselyj ryad dokladov otnositel'no povysheniya yarkosti izobrazhenij s pomoshch'yu kristallicheskogo usilitelya. Predstavlyaetsya udobnym i vazhnym ispol'zovat' kristallicheskij usilitel' dlya svetousileniya (fotoumnozheniya). TSel'yu nastoyashchej ehksperimental'noj raboty yavlyaetsya povyshenie stepeni usileniya posredstvom mnogostupenchatogo kaskadirovaniya usilitelya. V nastoyashchem doklade snachala razbirayutsya ehlektricheskie i opticheskie kharakteristiki monokaskadnogo usilitelya, a zatem s tsel'yu uluchsheniya ego parametrov kratko izlagayutsya preimushchestva ispol'zovaniya parallel'nogo soprotivleniya s ehlektro- svetyashchejsya panel'yu. Bylo ispol'zovano dva tipa fotoprovodyashchej yachejki, odna iz kotorykh byla uplotnennaya yachejka iz Cds, a drugaya byla sdelana iz fotochuvstvitel'nogo poroshka Cds, sformovannogo vmeste s plasticheskim svyazyvayushchim veshchestvom. Na osnovanii rezul'tatov, poluchennykh na monokaskadnom usilitele, byli postroeny dvukhkaskadnye i trekhkaskadnye usiliteli, i ikh kharakterisgiki byli provereny dlya razlichnykh parallel'no vklyuchennykh soprotivlenij. Pri pomoshchi trekhkaskadnogo usilitelya bylo polucheno pri vkhodyashchej radiatsii v 0

  8. The resolving limit of a three-diode coincidence circuit; Limite de resolution d'un circuit de coincidence a trois diodes; Predel razreshayushchej sposobnosti trekhdiodnoj skhemy sovpadeniya; Poder de resolucion de un circuito de coincidencia de tres diodos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Vries, H [University of Marburg, Marburg, Federal Republic of Germany (Germany)

    1962-04-15

    muestra como los resultados experimentales coinciden bien con la teoria. (author) [Russian] Dlya issledovaniya predela razreshayushchej sposobnosti trekhdiodnoj skhemy sovpadeniya po De Benedetti i Richingsu byl ispytan polnyj pribor sovpadenij, sostoyashchij iz diodnoj yachejki, usilitelya, amplitudnogo diskriminatora i monovibratora pri impul'sakh s vremenem narastaniya v 10{sup -9} sekund i s osnovnoj prodolzhitel'nost'yu v 2 x 10{sup -9} sekundy. Izmeryalis' amplitudy, a takzhe vychislyalis' integraly impul'sov, poluchaemye pri vykhode iz usilitelya; krome togo, stroilis' krivye razresheniya v zavisimosti ot predstavlyayushchikh naibol'shij interes parametrov (amplituda vkhodyashchikh impul'sov, soprotivlenie pri vkhode v usilitel', rezhim raboty diodov i t.d.). Dlya ob{sup y}asneniya izmerenij proveden ryad issledovanij. Byla vyvedena, v chastnosti, krivaya razreshayushchej sposobnosti pribora sovpadenij i bylo podschitano vremya razresheniya. Bylo ustanovleno, kakim obrazom diodnaya yachejka, pomekhi usilitelya i soglasovanie usilitelya s diodnoj yachejkoj privodyat k opredeleniyu vremeni razresheniya pribora sovpadenij. Analiz izmerenij i teoreticheskie rezul'taty pokazali, chto pri optimal'nykh usloviyakh trekhdiodnyj pribor sovpadenij pozvolyaet dostich' naimen'shego predela vremeni razresheniya v 10{sup -11} sekund. Privodyatsya dannye o proiskhozhdenii krivoj razreshayushchej sposobnosti i soobshchayutsya rezul'taty izmerenij. Ukazyvaetsya na khoroshee sovpadenie ehksperimental'nykh dannykh s teoreticheskimi vykladkami. (author)

  9. Ultimate Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Wastes - Fixation in Phosphate Glass with Emphasis on the Continuous Mode of Plant Operation; Elimination Definitive de Dechets de Haute Activite - Fixation dans du Verre au Phosphate en Vue d'une Exploitation de l'Installation en Continu; ОКОНЧАТЕЛЬНОЕ УДАЛЕНИЕ ВЫСОКОАКТИВНЫХ ОТХОДОВ - ФИКСАЦИЯ В ФОСФАТНОМ СТЕКЛЕ НА НЕПРЕРЫВНО РАБОТАПЦЕЙ УСТАНОВКЕ; Evacuacion Definitiva de Desechos de Elevada Radiactividad. Fijacion en Vidrio al Fosfato Atendiendo Particularmente a la Continuidad de la Marcha de la Instalacion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hatch, L. P.; Weth, G. C.; Tuthill, E. J. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, Long Island, NY (United States)

    1963-02-15

    en la explotacion de una instalacion experimental de una capacidad de elaboracion de 0,5 pies{sup 3} (14 dm{sup 9}) de vidrio por dia, con alimentacion continua de desechos inactivos simulados. (author) [Russian] Pri izuchenii metodov okonchatel'nogo udalenija vysokoaktivnyh othodov v Brukhejvenskoj nacional'noj laboratorii osoboe vnimanie udeljaetsja poluchenie fosfatnyh stekol kak sposobu vkljuchenie produktov delenija v ustojchivuju sredu. Glavnyj interes predstavljaet razrabotka processa, pri kotorom vodnye othody prevrashhalis' by v okonchatel'nyj steklovidnyj produkt v polnost'ju zhidkoj sisteme. Metod poluchenija fosfatnogo stekla predstavljaet celyj rjad vazhnyh v jetom otnoshenii preimushhestv i, v chastnosti, daet vozmozhnost' razrabotat' nepreryvnyj process* v kotorom zhidkaja sreda mozhet legko napravljat'sja iz odnoj stadii processa v druguju. V doklade privodjatsja rezul'taty provodimyh v laboratornom masshtabe issledovanij po nepre ryvnomu polucheniju fosfatnyh stekol s ispol'zovaniem raznogo roda vodnyh othodov. Jeti issledovanija prodolzhalis' v techenie oklo 20 mesjacev, ih cel'ju bylo opredelenie vazhnejshih rabochih parametrov, prichem osoboe vnimanie udeljalos' korrozionnoj stojkosti i fizicheskoj sohrannosti tiglja. rabotajushhego pri vysokoj temperature. Pomimo jetogo, v doklade obsuzhdaetsja razrabotka tehnologicheskoj shemy, a takzhe konstrukcija i rezul'taty raboty promyshlennoj ustanovki s proizvoditel'nost'ju v 0,5 kubicheskih futov stekla v sutki pri nepreryvnoj podache neradioaktivnogo rastvora, imitirujushhego othody. (author)

  10. The Practice of Waste Disposal in the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority; Methodes Employees par l'Atomic Energy Authority du Royaume-Uni pour Eliminer les Dechets Radioactifs; 041f 041e 0420 042f 0414 041e 041a 0423 0414 ; Sistemas de Evacuacion de Desechos en la United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dunster, H. J.; Wix, L. F.U. [United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, Health and Safety Branch (United Kingdom)

    1960-07-01

    ou moyenne, sont enfouis dans des emplacements specialement choisis - ou ils n'ont aucune possibilite de contaminer les ressources en eau - ou noyes au fond de la mer. Le memoire donne un apercu des diverses methodes employees et indique quelles sont les quantites de dechets liquides et solides qui doivent etre eliminees, tous les ans, suivant chacune de ces methodes. (author) [Spanish] La United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority tiene en funcionamiento instalaciones situadas desde el sur de Inglaterra hasta la costa norte de Escocia. Las funciones de estas instalaciones incluyen la produccion y elaboracion de combustibles nucleares, la produccion de electricidad e isotopos con fines comerciales, el estudio de nuevos tipos de reactores y la investigacion en todos los campos afines. Por lo tanto, la Authority tiene que resolver el problema de la evacuacion de desechos muy variados que se producen en una gran cantidad de lugares distintos. Los' desechos principales de alto nivel radiactivo, tanto liquidos como solidos, son almacenados en tanques y recipientes especiales, mientras que los desechos liquidos de bajo nivel y de gran volumen son evacuados en cantidades exactamente controladas hacia el mar o los rios. Los desechos solidos de nivel medio o bajo son enterrados en zonas seleccionadas donde no podran entrar en contacto con los suministros de agua, o son hundidos en el fondo del mar. La memoria resume los diversos sistemas utilizados y da cantidades tipicas de los desechos liquidos y solidos que se producen anualmente y que son evacuados por dichos sistemas. (author) [Russian] Komissija po atomnoj jenergii Soedinennogo Korolevstva imeet predprijatija v razlichnyh rajonah strany ot juzhnogo poberezh'ja Anglii do severnyh beregov Shotlandii. Jeti predprijatija zanjaty proizvodstvom i pererabotkoj jadernogo topliva, proizvodstvom jelektrojenergii i izotopov dlja kommercheskih celej, razrabotkoj novyh tipov reaktorov i vedeniem nauchno-issledovatel'skoj raboty v

  11. Status of Irradiation Control of Insects in Grain; Radiodesinsection des Cereales; Sostoyanie bor'by s hasekomymi-vreditelyami zerna putem oblucheniya; Radiodesinsectacion de Cereales Almacenados

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cornwell, P. B. [Rentokil Laboratories Ltd., East Grinstead, Sussex (United Kingdom)

    1966-11-15

    comestibilidad de los granos irradiados indican que estos no pierden propiedades nutritivas, lo que ha dado lugar a que en los Estados Unidos se autorizara el consumo humano del trigo irradiado y de sus productos. Consideraciones de orden tecnico indican que, en los grandes centros de exportacion o almacenamiento de granos, la irradiacion puede competir economicamente con los metodos quimicos. Una vez establecido que el almacenamiento en grandes cantidades y los sistemas automaticos de transporte son los procedimientos mas rapidos y economicos para hacer llegar el grano a los consumidores, se puede predecir con bastante seguridad que en un futuro no muy lejano la irradiacion constituira una de las etapas del proceso de distribucion del grano. En la memoria se informa sobre algunos de los problemas que plantea la infestacion y se expone la forma en que la distribucion esta organizada en diversos paises a fin de ilustrar las ventajas que encierra la irradiacion para el tratamiento de granos en una escala internacional. (author) [Russian] Issledovanija v oblasti primenenija ionizirujushhego izluchenija dlja bor'by s naseko- mymi-vrediteljami hranimyh na skladah pishhevyh produktov prodemonstrirovali tehnicheskuju osushhestvimost' obluchenija dlja obrabotki zerna. Issledovanija v oblasti radiacionnoj jetimologii vyjavili porazhaemost' glavnyh nasekomyh-vreditelej skladirovannogo zerna i ustanovili prostranstvo, v predelah kotorogo faktory okruzhajushhej sredy mogut vlijat' na dejstvennost' obrabotki. Issledovanija himicheskih i fizicheskih svojstv obluchennogo zerna pokazali otsutstvie kakogo-libo vrednogo vozdejstvija na organolepticheskie svojstva i svojstva, otnosjashhiesja k processu izgotovlenija pri obluchenii dozami, trebujushhimisja dlja dezinfekcii. Raboty nad voprosami, otnosjashhimisja k sohraneniju pitatel'nyh i vkusovyh kachestv obluchennogo zerna pokazali otsutstvie poter' pitatel'nyh svojstv, chto imelo re zul'tatom vydachu razreshenija v SShA na ispol'zovanie v

  12. Radiation Disinfestation of Grain and Seeds; Radiodesinsection des Cereales et des Semences; Obezzarazhivanie zerna i semyan s pomoshch'yu oblucheniya; Desinfestacion de Granos y Semillas por Irradiacion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Golumbic, C.; Davis, D. F. [Market Quality Research Division, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Hyattsville, MD (United States)

    1966-11-15

    futuras necesidades en materia de investigacion. (author) [Russian] V nastojashhee vremja obrabotka zerna i semjan s pomoshh'ju obluchenija predstavljaet interes glavnym obrazom s tochki zrenija opredelenija ee jeffektivnosti v dele obespechenija kontrolja za zarazheniem jetih produktov parazitami. Rassmatrivaetsja sovremennaja literatura po jetomu voprosu i ukazyvajutsja vse eshhe sushhestvujushhie problemy v oblasti fundamental'nyh i prakticheskih znanij o sposobah obezzarazhivanija s pomoshh'ju obluchenija. Podrobno rassmatrivajutsja nauchno-issledovatel'skie programmy ministerstva sel'skogo'hozjajstva SShA, kotorye nahodjatsja v stadii vypolnenija ili planirujutsja na blizhajshee budushhee. Provodimye v nastojashhee vremja issledovanija napravleny na ustanovlenie minimal'nyh jeffektivnyh doz dlja polovoj sterilizacii i smertnosti, vlijanija okruzhajushhih faktorov na dozovye potrebnosti i vozmozhnosti dlja razvitija biologicheskoj soprotivljaemosti. V mae 1966 goda ob{sup e}m rabot budet rasshiren, tak kak budet vvedena v jekspluataciju novaja ustanovka po oblucheniju zernovyh produktov i nachnutsja prikladnye issledovanija. Sostavnoj chast'ju jetih nauchno-issledovatel'skih rabot javljaetsja izuchenie vlijanija obluchenija na kachestvo pishhi i furazha, a takzhe produktov iz hlebnyh zlakov pri dozah, obespechivajushhih kontrol' za parazitami i unichtozhenie gribkov. V dannom doklade kriticheski rassmatrivajutsja rezul'taty nauchno-issledovatel'skoj raboty v jetoj oblasti i opredeljajutsja potrebnosti v nauchnyh issledovanijah v budushhem. (author)

  13. Radioactive Waste Facilities at the Australian Atomic Energy Commission Research Establishment; Installations pour le Traitement des Dechets Radioactifs au Centre de Recherche de la Commission Australienne a l'Energie Atomique; 0423 0421 0422 0414 ; Dispositivos para Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos en el Centro de Investigaciones de la Australian Atomic Energy Commission

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berglin, C. L.W.; Keher, L. H.; Miles, G. L.; Wilson, A. R.W. [Australian Atomic Energy Commission Research Establishment, Lucas Heights, Sydney, NSW (Australia)

    1960-07-01

    ha efectuado en las aguas de la zona de las mareas. Se propone enterrar todos los desechos solidos de baja actividad, embalados cuando proceda, y se discuten la eleccion y la situacion de la zona de evacuacion. Se estudia un sistema para almacenar y evacuar desechos solidos de elevada actividad. Se propone la evaporacion y almacenaje de los desechos liquidos de media y baja actividad. Se dan detalles del capital y gastos de funcionamiento de la planta de tratamiento de efluentes y de otros sistemas de manipulacion de desechos. (author) [Russian] V nastojashhem dokumente daetsja opisanie ustanovok, kotorye prednaznachajutsja dlja sbora, obrabotki i udalenija radioaktivnyh othodov v Lukas Hajts v svjazi s predpolagaemym uvelicheniem ob{sup e}ma raboty. Zhidkie othody nizkoj aktivnosti deljatsja na sledujushhie tri vida: stochnye vody, promyshlennye othody iz sistemy ohlazhdenija reaktora, iz tehnicheskih masterskih i drugih otdelenij, v kotoryh otsutstvujut aktivnye veshhestva; jefljuenty iz laboratorij i drugih otdelenij, rabotajushhih s radioaktivnymi materialami. Zavod po obrabotke jefljuentov poslednego tipa glavnym obrazom sostoit iz bakov, v kotoryh proishodit smeshivanie, shhelochnyh bakov, gde osushhestvljaetsja dozirovka, bakov dlja otstoja i ochistki (v kotoryh primenjaetsja process kal'cij-zhelezo-fosfat) i otstojnikov. V dokumente obsuzhdajutsja issleduemye v nastojashhee vremja metody koncentracii otstoja i ego vtorichnoj obrabotki. Obsuzhdajutsja voprosy udalenija othodov i predpolagaemogo ih rastvorenija, poluchennogo na reke Voronora, a takzhe obsuzhdaetsja opyt po rastvoreniju othodov v drugih vodah, gde imejut znachenie priliv i otliv. Esli est' vozmozhnost', to predlagaetsja provodit' zahoronenie vseh othodov v tverdom sostojanii s nizkoj aktivnost'ju, i v dokumente obsuzhdajutsja voprosy vybora mesta takogo zahoronenija. Takzhe obsuzhdajutsja voprosy sozdanija sredstv dlja hranenija i udalenija vysokoaktivnyh othodov v tverdom sostojanii

  14. Autofluorography with an X-Ray Image Amplifier; Autofluorographie a l'Aide d'un Amplificateur d'Images a Rayons X; Avtofl u orografiya s pomoshch'yu usilitelya rentgenovskogo izobrazheniya; Autofluorografia con un Amplificador de Imagen de Rayos X

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ter-Pogossian, M. M.; Eichling, J. O. [Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO (United States)

    1964-10-15

    proeciruet izobrazhenie na kameru. 4 . Kamera ''Polaroid'', zarjazhennaja vysokochuvstvitel'noj (10.000 ASA) plenkoj s vysokoj kontrastnost'ju. Po kachestvam raboty s fotonami maloj jenergii jetot apparat luchshe, chem obychnye scinti- skennery. i Obsuzhdaetsja prigodnost' jet ogo apparata dlja vizual'nogo nabljudenija opuholej mozga pochek i shhitovidnoj zhelezy . (author)

  15. Study of reactions of metals with sulphur and phosphorus compounds by pulsed temperatures; Etude des reactions entre metaux et composes du soufre et du phosphore au moyen de brusques hausses de temperature; Issledovanie reaktsii metallov s soedineniyami sery i fosfora pri regulyarnykh izmeneniyakh temperatury; Estudio de reacciones entre metales y compuestos de azufre y de fosforo empleando impulsos de temperatura

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campbell, R B; Grunberg, L [National Engineering Laboratory, East Kilbride, Glasgow (United Kingdom)

    1962-01-15

    , los autores han tenido en cuenta la estructura de los materiales empleados y los procesos de difusion a los que se debe el progreso de la reaccion una vez iniciada esta. (author) [Russian] Protivoiznosnoe dejstvie sernykh i fosfornykh soedinenij, kotorye obychno dobavlyayutsya k mashinnym maslam, zavisit ot khimicheskikh reaktsij s metallicheskimi poverkhnostyami shesterenok. EHti reaktsii imeyut mesto kak pri osnovnoj temperature masel (primerno 100 Degree-Sign C), tak i pri vysokikh temperaturakh (priblizitel'no 600 Degree-Sign C) v techenie nebol'shogo promezhutka vremeni, kogda zubtsy shesterenok vstupayut vo vzai-modejstvie pod nagruzkoj. Temperaturnye izmeneniya sozdavalis' v apparate, v kotorom korotkie impul'sy ehlektrotoka ispol'zovalis' dlya nagrevaniya metallicheskikh provodov, pogruzhennykh v mineral'noe maslo, soderzhashchee v rastvore mechenye soedineniya sery-35 i fosfora-32. Zameryalas' voznikavshaya v provodakh radioaktivnost'. Stepen' reaktsii opredelyalas' kak funktsiya temperatury i vremeni. Rezul'taty reaktsii vyrazhalis' posredstvom osnovnykh zakonov kinetiki. Izucheniyu podverglis' voprosy izmeneniya skorosti reaktsii v zavisimosti ot nalichiya drugikh sostavov v rastvore. Bylo takzhe opredeleno vliyanie predvaritel'no obrazovannykh pokrytij poverkhnosti, soderzhashchikh seru, fosfor, khlor i/ili kislorod. Dlya ob{sup y}asneniya rezul'tatov raboty ispol'zuyutsya dannye o strukture materialov, a takzhe rassmatrivayutsya protsessy diffuzij tam, gde reaktsii vykhodili za svoi nachal'nye stadii. (author)

  16. Regularities in the Changes of Absorber Material Properties as a Function of Absorber Concentration; Regularite des Variations des Proprietes des Substances Absorbantes en Fonction de la Concentration de l'Absorbant; Zakonomernosti izmeneniya svojstv poglashchayushchikh materialov v zavisimosti ot kontsentratsii poglotitelya; Leyes de Variacion de las Propiedades de los Materiales Absorbentes en Funcion de la Concentracion del Absorbente

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Portnoj, K. I.

    1964-06-15

    raboty v re akto r ah na teplovyh i promezhutochnyh nejtronah. Pogloshhajushhte materialy, soderzhashhie bor, naprimer boridy,obladajut nizkimi mehanicheskimi svojstvami, chto svjazano s osobennostjami ih kristallicheskoj struktury. M a terialy, soderzhashhie okisly redkozemel'nyh jelementov (samarij, evropij, gadolinij, disprozij idr.), dispergirovannye v matrice iz splava tipa nimonik ili v nerzhavejushhej stali znachitel'no izmenjajut mehanicheskie svojstva v zavisimosti ot koncentracii poglotitelja. Avtory vyskazali gipotezu ob obrazovanii maksimumo pogloshhajushhej sposobnosti pri vzaimnom legirovanii poglotitelej. Jeta gipoteza poluchila dal'nejshee podtverzhdenie opy tami s mnogimi metallicheskimi i nemetallicheskimi pogloshhajushhimi sistemami v reaktorah na teplovyh i promezhutochnyh nejtronah. (author)

  17. Electrical limitations to energy resolution in semiconductor particle detectors; Limitations electriques du pouvoir de resolution en energie des detecteurs a semi-conducteurs; Ehlektricheskie ogranicheniya razreshayushchej sposobnosti po ehnergii v poluprovodnikovykh detektorakh chastits; Limitaciones electricas en la resolucion energetica de detectores de particulas a base de semiconductores

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansen, W L; Goulding, F S [Lawrence Radiation Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    1962-04-15

    isklyuchitel'no svojstvami massy poluprovodnika, privodyatsya uravneniya, dayushchie teoreticheskie predely shuma pri sovmeshchenii detektorov s usilitelyami. Iz ehtikh uravnenij vidno, chto imeyutsya optimal'naya konstanta vremeni dlya usilitelya i napryazhenie smeshcheniya dlya detektora; pri soblyudenii ehtikh uslovij minimal'nyj shum ne zavisit ot udel'nogo soprotivleniya poluprovodnika. Dokazyvaetsya, chto nailuchshie rezul'taty raboty sistemy detektor-usilitel' zavisyat tol'ko ot ploshchadi detektiruyushchej poverkhnosti, vkhodnoj emkosti (za vychetom emkosti samogo detektora), sroka zhizni naimenee mnogochislennogo iz nositelej v poluprovodnike i ot krutizny vkhodnoj ehlektronnoj lampy usilitelya. Opisyvaetsya novaya konstruktsiya detektora s kol'tsevym ograditel'nym ehlektrodom v kachestve neot{sup e}mlemoj chasti konstruktsii detektora, chto v shirokoj mere ustranyaet shum, vyzyvaemyj poverkhnostnoj utechkoj. Soobshchayutsya ehksperimental'nye rezul'taty opredeleniya utechki detektora i razreshayushchej sposobnosti po ehnergii, khorosho sovpadayushchie s teoreticheskimi dannymi. Teoreticheskij predel shuma, vyrazhennogo v vide polnoj shiriny na polovine maksimuma, lezhit dlya kremnievykh detektorov tipa ''p'' v intervale ot 7 do 10 kev na 1 kv.cm pri 25{sup o}C. (author)

  18. Non-Destructive Examination of the Heat-Affected Zone of Welded Zr-Nb Alloy; Controle Non Destructif de la Zone d'Un Alliage Zr-Nb Affectee par la Chaleur Lors du Soudage; Nedestruktivnoe ispytanie zony svarnogo shva iz tsirkonij-niobij splava, kotoryj podverzhen teplovomu vliyaniyu; Examen No Destructivo de la Zona de Soldadura Afectada por el Calor en las Aleaciones de Circonio y Niobio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanstock, R. F.; Walker, D. C.B. [U.K.A.E.A. Reactor Materials Laboratory, Culcheth (United Kingdom)

    1965-10-15

    sencilla modificacion, para examinar las soldaduras en las aleaciones de circonio y niobio. Se da un ejemplo de las variaciones en la respuesta de la sonda en las distintas partes de una soldadura afectadas por el calor, y se las compara con los resultados del estudio de la corrosion efectuado en autoclave. (author) [Russian] Ispol'zovanie splava iz cir- konija i 2,5% niobija dlja obolochki vysokogo davlenija v reaktorah s vodnym zamedlitelem imeet rjad preimushhestv, svjazannyh s prochnost'ju je t ogo splava blagodarja termoobrabotke. Termoobrabotka takzhe chuvstvitel'no vlijaet na korrozionnuju stojkost' splava v uslovijah raboty reaktora, i v zonah svarki plavleniem, kotorye podverzheny teplovomu vlijaniju, mogut pojavit'sja zony nizkoj korrozionnoj stojkosti. Zony, podverzhennye korrozii, mozhno usta- novit' putem obrabotki v avtoklave. Odnako je tot metod javljaetsja neudobnym v teh slucha- jah, kogda putem svarki sobirajutsja krupnogabaritnye kontury vysokogo davlenija. Prishli k vyvodu, chto zony teplovogo vozdejstvija, chuvstvitel'nye k korrozii, mozhno obnaruzhit' putem izmerenija termojelektricheskogo potenciala mezhdu nagretym metallicheskim tochech- nym zondom, kontaktirujushhimsja s opredelennymi oblastjami svarnogo shva, i primykajushhim k nemu metallom. Termojelektricheskij zond izgotavlivaetsja tak zhe, kak zond, kotoryj soz - dan Britanskoj associaciej po issledovanijam cvetnyh metallov dlja izmerenija tolshhiny pokrytija metallicheskih substratov. Imejushhijsja v prodazhe pribor, kotoryj vkljuchaet takoj zond s neznachitel'nymi vidoizmenenijami, mozhno ispol'zovat' dlja ispytanija svarnyh soedinenij iz cirkonij-niobij splavov. Privoditsja primer izmenenija zondovoj chuvstvitel'- nosti po zonam svarnogo shva, podverzhennym teplovomu vozdejstviju, i jet ot primer srav- nivaetsja s provedennym v avtoklave ispytaniem na korroziju. (author)

  19. Direct Measurement of Tritium in Biological Materials with the Liquid Scintillation Counter; Determination quantitative directe du tritium dans les substances biologiques, au moyen de compteurs a scintillations a liquides; Neposredstvennoe izmerenie kolichestva tritiya v biologicheskikh materialakh pri pomoshchi zhidkogo stsintillyatsionnogo schetchika; Determinacion cuantitativa directa del tritio en sustancias biologicas mediante contadores de centelleador liquido

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Halvorsen, K [Institutt for Atomenergi, Kjeller, Lillestroem (Norway)

    1962-01-15

    muestras de tejidos de raton a los que se habia inyectado previamente timidina marcada con tritio. Despues de inyectar al raton una dosis del orden de 1 {mu}c de timidina tritiada por gramo de peso corporal, se pudieron seguir durante un mes las transformaciones metabolicas de la timidina incorporada al acido desoxirribonucleico (DISIA) de los distintos tejidos. (author) [Russian] V literature uzhe soobshchalos' o sposobakh izmereniya kolichestva tritiya v tkanyakh zhivotnykh i v izolirovannykh srezakh tkanej. Odnako pri vsekh opisyvaemykh rabotakh dlya otscheta impul'sov obraztsov primenyalsya zhidkostnyj stsintillyatsionnyj spektrometr sovpadenij. Pri vypolnenii nastoyashchej raboty dlya izmerenij byl ispol'zovan zhidkostnyj stsintillyatsionnyj schetchik s odnim fotoehlementom. Issledovalis' glavnym obrazom neposredstvennoe rastvorenie tkanej zhivotnykh v giamine 10-KH i otschet impul'sov vzvesi liofilirovannoj tkani v stsintilliruyushchikh gelyakh. Razlichnye tkani, kak naprimer, pechen', kishechnik, krov' i kozha mogut byt' neposredstvenno rastvoreny v giamine i aktivnost' ikh izmerena s tochnost'yu do 10-15 protsentov. Budut obsuzhdeny metody vvedeniya popravki na gashenie i nekotorye yavleniya fosforestsentsii, poskol'ku oni vliyayut na otschet impul'sov v schetnom ustrojstve s edinym fotoehlementom. KHotya chuvstvitel'nost' ehtogo metoda predstavlyaetsya neskol'ko men'shej, chem pri ispol'zovanii schetchika sovpadenij, odnako ehtot metod udovletvoritelen dlya mnogikh vidov primenenij. Predstavlyaemaya rabota byla provedena na obraztsakh tkanej myshi posle predvaritel'noj in{sup e}ktsii mechennogo tritiem timidina. Pri vpryskivanii v mysh' dozy priblizitel'no v 1 mikrokyuri tritirovannogo timidina na gramm vesa ee tela, metabolicheskaya sud'ba timidina, pogloshchennogo deoksiribonukleinovoj kislotoj razlichnykh tkanej, mogla byt' proslezhena v techenie tselogo mesyatsa. (author)

  20. Performance Characteristics of the Experimental Boiling Water Reactor from 0 to 100 MW(t); Performances de l'EBWR de 0 a 100 MW; Rabochaya kharakteristika ehksperimental'nogo kipyashchego reaktora EBWR pri moshchnosti 0 - 100 mgvt.; Rendimiento del reactor experimental de agua hirviente (EBWR) entre 0 y 100 MW

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iskenderian, A.; Lipinski, W. C.; Petrick, M.; Wimunc, E. A. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (United States)

    1963-10-15

    entonces de comportarse como reactor de agua hirviente de ciclo directo; en cierto modo, funciona como reactor de ciclo doble y circulacion natural. (author) [Russian] 25 maya 1962 goda Argonnskaya natsional'naya laboratoriya poluchila razreshenie KAEH SSHA na ehkspluatatsiyu reaktora EBWR na moshchnosti 100 mgvt. Administrativnoe razreshenie na ehkspluatatsiyu reaktora bylo predostavleno sistemoj garantij. Mezhdunarodnogo agentstva po atomnoj ehnergii 11 iyulya 1961 goda. 15 noyabrya 1962 goda byl dostignut uroven' moshchnosti v 100 mgvt. 6 dekabrya 1962 goda ehksperimental'naya programma byla zakonchena. Odnoj iz osnovnykh tselej ee byla tshchatel'naya proverka reaktora dlya polucheniya dannykh i informatsii rabochej kharakteristiki ehtogo tipa reaktora. Ehta programma byla pervoj programmoj takogo roda i pervoj vypolnennoj programmoj. Dlya polucheniya nuzhnykh dannykh neobkhodimo bylo razrabotat' mnogie novye pribory. TSel' byla dostignuta, polucheno mnogo novykh dannykh o rabochej kharakteristike kipyashchego reaktora s estestvennoj tsirkulyatsiej. Tak,naprimer, poluchena informatsiya otnositel'no skorosti potoka tsirkulyatsii v zamknutom tsikle, predelov separatsii zhidkogo para (vydelenie para v osadok v spusknoj trube i unos zhidkosti ehflu- entom para), nedogreva, lokalizatsii dejstvitel'noj poverkhnosti razdela v reaktore i ee svyazi s urovnem vodnoj kolonki, skorosti razrusheniya para v spusknoj trube, pustotnykh koehffitsientov, reaktivnoj sposobnosti H{sub 3}BO{sub 3}, temperaturnykh koehffitsientov, ispol'zovaniya sterzhnej iz bora dlya tselej kontrolya, ispol'zovaniya svezhikh toplivnykh ehlementov, peredatochnykh funktsij,analiza shuma, nekotorykh izmerenij potoka, stabil'nosti i t.d. Krome togo, byli polucheny dannye o povedenii i tselostnosti nekotorykh reaktornykh komponentov i sistem, takikh, kak bornokislaya kontrol'naya reaktsiya, urovni radiatsii, raspredelenie produktov korrozii, vykhod iz stroya oborudovaniya, toplivo i reguliruyushchie sterzhni i t

  1. Integral physics data for fast-reactor design; Donnees de physique integrale intervenant dans les etudes de reacteur a neutrons rapides; Integral'nye fizicheskie dannye dlya raschetov reaktorov na bystrykh nejtronakh; Datos fisicos integrales para el diseno de reactores rapidos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loewenstein, W B; Meneghetti, D [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (United States)

    1962-03-15

    dannye po fakticheskim ehnergeticheskim reaktoram-razmnozhitelya m na bystrykh nejtronakh. EHti sistemy slishkom slozhny dlya prove- deniya prostogo teoreticheskogo analiza. Oni svidetel'stvuyut o slozhnosti fakticheskogo reaktora po sravneniyu s bolee idealizirovanny m i legko analiziruemym kriticheskim opytom. Integral'nye fizicheskie dannye dlya rascheta reaktora polucheny v rezul'tate provedennykh na reaktornykh sistemakh kriticheskikh ili nekriticheskikh izmerenij, razlichnykh velichin reaktornoj fiziki, imeyushchikh prakticheskoe j teoreticheskoe znacheniya, ili to ili drugoe znachenie. Oni kharakterizuyut i pozvolyayut ponyat' sistemu. Dany izmereniya kriticheskoj massy, koehffitsienta formy aktivnoj zony, koehffitsientov detektorov, spektrov nejtronov, opytov s zamenoj materiala, otrazhatel'noj dobavki, vremeni zhizni nejtronov, Rossi-{alpha} i podobnykh kharakteristik i velichin. V doklade rassmatrivayuts ya ehti dannye i opisyvayutsya oblasti ikh primeneniya. Pokazano, chto sushchestvuyut ogranicheniya i v ehksperimental'ny kh i v analiticheskikh rezultatakh pri analizakh spektra i kritichnosti sistemy. Dany nametki budushchikh ehksperimental'ny kh i analiticheskikh issledovanij. Ehti issledovaniya pomogut umen'shit' razryv mezhdu teoriej i opytom dlya 'izvestnykh' sistem. Namechayutsya takzhe issledovaniya po 'podkrepleniyu' dannykh fiziki krupnykh ehnergeticheskikh reaktorov-razmnozhitelej na bystrykh nejtronakh. (author)

  2. Void Reactivity Effects in the Second Charge of the Halden Boiling Water Reactor; Effets Cavitaires dans la Deuxieme Charge du Reacteur a Eau Lourde Bouillante de Halden (HBWR); Ehffekty pustotnoj reaktivnosti vo vtoroj zag HBWR; Effectos de Cavitacion en la Segunda Carga del Reactor de Agua Pesada Hirviente de Halden (HBWR)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lunde, J. E. [OECD Halden Reactor Project (Norway)

    1964-02-15

    dinamicheskogo povedenija kipjashhego reaktora. Odnako teoreticheskoe opredelenie jetogo pokazatelja uslozhnjaetsja tem, chto neobhodimo znat' raspredelenie pustot v aktivnoj zone, podrobnye dannye o vlijanii raspredelenija pustot na moshhnost' trudno poddajutsja jeksperimental'nomu opredeleniju, i pojetomu jeksperimenty s imitirovannymi pustotami byli prigodny dlja proverki raschetov jeffektov pustoty. Dlja jetih jeksperimentov delajutsja predvaritel'nye teoreticheskie sravnenija. Primenjaetsja dvugruppovaja teorija diffuzii, i mozhno sdelat' vyvod o tom, chto dostignuta spravedlivaja soglasovannost' mezhdu teoriej i jeksperimentom dlja perturbacij v parametrah reshetki pri pustotnoj chasti ravnoj edinice pri nizkoj i vysokoj temperaturah. Odnako dlja promezhutochnyh pustotnyh chastej ustanovlena menee udovletvoritel'naja soglasovannost'. Dlja makroskopicheskogo rascheta jeffekta reaktivnost' primenjaetsja teorija vozmushhenij. (author)

  3. Nuclear Accident Dosimetry at Argonne National Laboratory; Dosimetrie dans les Cas d'Accidents Nucleaires au Laboratoire National d'Argonne; 0421 041b 0423 0416 0411 0410 0414 ; Dosimetria en Casos de Accidente Nuclear en el Laboratorio Nacional de Argonne

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, L. L.; Duffy, T. L.; Sedlet, J.; O' Neil, D. P. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (United States)

    1965-06-15

    , opredelennye v Argone, predstavljajutsja dlja komponentov medi, indija i sery. Obshhij potok nejtronov rasschityvaetsja s ispol'zovaniem ispravlennogo spektra sovmestno s funkciej verojatnosti zahvata i rezul'tatom issledovanija soderzhanija natrija v krovi. V takom sluchae, mozhet byt' rasschitana odna ili neskol'ko specifikacij nejtronnoj dozy putem primenenija informacii otnositel'no spektra k sootvetstvujushhej funkcii preobrazovanija . V gamma-chasti v pervichnom kompaktnom dozimetricheskom ustrojstve imejutsja fluorescentnye sterzhni i termoljuminescentnyj dozimetr, pomimo dvuhfaznogo himicheskogo dozimetra. Gamma-dozimetrom vo vtorichnom ustrojstve javljaetsja rastvor poliakrilamida, kotoryj raspadaetsja pri obluchenii gamma-izlucheniem Velichina pogloshhennoj dozy vyvoditsja v rezul'tate izmerenija izmenenij vjazkosti rastvora. Obsuzhdajutsja trudnosti ocenki, razmeshhenija i obespechenija ustojchivosti pri hranenii. Sostavleny plany opredelenija soderzhanija fosfora-32 v biologicheskih materialah s cel'ju poluchenija velichiny dozy bystryh nejtronov, analiza materialov okruzhajushhej sredy na predmet opredelenija produktov aktivacii nejtronami i s cel'ju opredelenija obshhego chisla delenij. Osushhestvleniju administrativnogo kontrolja za opredeleniem dozy budet sodejstvovat' rukovodstvo, v kotorom perechisljajutsja mestoraspolozhenija dozimetrov i procedury obrabotki i scheta, ravno kak formuly dlja rascheta doz. (author)

  4. Calcination of Radioactive Waste in Molten Sulphur; Calcination de Dechets Radioactifs dans le Soufre Fondu; 041a 0410 041b 042c 0426 0418 041d 0418 0420 041e 0412 0410 041d 0418 0415 0420 0410 0414 0418 041e 0410 041a 0422 0418 0412 041d 042b 0425 041e 0422 0425 041e 0414 041e 0412 0412 0420 0410 0421 041f 041b 0410 0412 041b 0415 041d 041d 041e 0419 0421 0415 0420 0415 ; Calcinacion de Desechos Radiactivos en Azufre Fundido

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winsche, W. E.; Davis, Jr., M. W.; Goodlett, Jr., C. B.; Occhipinti, E. S.; Webster, D. S. [E.I. Du Pont de Nemours and Co., Aiken, SC (United States)

    1963-02-15

    odnogo - pjati chasov dlja udalenija sernoj kisloty i ostavshejsja vody i dlja dal'nejshego kvl'ninirovanija i vosstanovlenija himicheskih soedinenij v sbrosnom sernom shlamme. Na jetih stadijah rasplavlennaja sera sluzhit v kachestve teploprovodnoj sredy, prepjatstvuet uvlecheniju radioaktivnyh tverdyh chastic obrazujushhimisja parami i gazami, a takzhe uletuchivaniju radioaktivnogo rutenija ne dopuskaja obrazovanija chetyrehokiela. Laboratornye opyty s ispol'zovaniem v kachestve pitajushhego rastvora koncentrirovannyh othodov vysokoj aktivnosti (1.3 x 10{sup 9} {gamma} c/(min)(ml), 2.0M Al(N0{sub 3}){sub 3}, i 1.5M HNO{sub 3}) pokazali, chto na jetih stadijah processa vyhodjashhimi gazami uvlekaetsja priblizitel'no lish' odna chast' na 100 000 chastej aktivnosti, soderzhashhejsja v ishodnom produkte. Po okonchanii vysokotemperaturnoj obrabotki sbrosnoj sernyj shlamm ohlazhdaetsja do 120 Degree-Sign C - 150 Degree-Sign C i slivaetsja v emkosti dlja okonchatel'nogo hranenija, v kotoryh on zatverdevaet. Stojkost' zatverdevshego sbrosnogo sernogo olamma protiv vozdejstvija vody byla ispol'zovana v kachestve mery jeffektivnosti jetogo metoda obrabotki, hotja avtory ne otkazyvajutsja ot zashhity sistemy emkostej protiv vozdejstvija vody. Iz imitirujushhih rastvorov, soderzhashhih Al(NO{sub 3}){sub 3} jeili nitraty rastvorennoj nerzhavejushhej stali s indikatornymi kolichestvami radioaktivnogo stroncija i cezija, a takzhe iz koncentrirovannyh vysokoradioaktivnyh othodov, soderzhashhih Al(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}, byli izgotovleny nebol'shie cilindry otverzhdennogo shlamma. Jeti cilindry podvergalis' dlitel'nomu vozdejstviju vody. Skorost' vyshhelachivanija opredeljalas' iz rascheta polnogo udalenija materiala iz poverhnostnogo sloja. Posle pervonachal'nogo perioda (6-8 nedel'), kogda vyshhelachivanie proishodit sravnitel'no bystro, nabljudaemaja skorost' vyshhelachivanija sostavljala 0,25 - 0,50 mm v god. (author)

  5. Chemical Effects of Nuclear Recoil in Organic Halide Systems: A New Theoretical Treatment and Experimental Verification of the Theory; Effets Chimiques du Recul Nucleaire dans des Systemes Organiques Halogenes: Nouveau Traitement Theorique et Verification Experimentale de la Theorie; Khimicheskie vozdejstviya yadernoj otdachi v organicheskikh galoidnykh sistemakh: novoe teoreticheskoe tolkovanie i ehksperimental'noe podtverzhdenie teorii; Efectos Quimicos del Retroceso Nuclear en Sistemas de Haluros Organicos: Nuevo Tratamiento Teorico y Verificacion Experimental de la Teoria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kontis, S. S.; Sanitwongs, P.; Weston, M. [Londonderry Laboratory for Radiochemistry, University of Durham, Durham (United Kingdom)

    1965-04-15

    calientes; la retencion se expresa en funcion de dos tipos de parametros, a saber: 1) la probabilidad relativa de que ei choque de un atomo caliente de halogeno radiactivo con una molecula determinada produzca la retencion del atomo caliente en dicha molecula; 2) los limites energeticos superior e inferior dentro de los cuales el atomo de bromo puede considerarse caliente. Los autores demuestran como el primer tipo de parametro puede deducirse experimentalmente de mezclas binarias de un haluro organico y el correspondiente halogeno libre; el segundo tipo de parametro debe deducirse a partir de datos nucleares quimicos. Dichos metodos han sido ensayados en los sistemas C{sub 2}H{sub 5}Br/CCl{sub 4}/Br{sub 2} and C{sub 2}H{sub 5}Br/C{sub 6}H{sub 5}Br/Br{sub 2}. Los valores calculados para las retenciones (empleando parametros derivados del estudio de los sistemas C{sub 2}H{sub 5}Br/Br{sub 2}, CCl{sub 4}/Br{sub 2} and C{sub 6}H{sub 5}Br/Br{sub 2})) eoncuerdan satisfactoriamente con los dalos hallados experimentalmeme en mezclas cuya fraccion molar de bromo es superior a 0,1. De esta manera se considera que el mecanismo propuesto por Libby permite explicar las retenciones organicas observadas en dichas mezclas. Cuando la fraccion molar de bromo se va reduciendo a valores inferiores a 0,1, las retenciones observadas se hacen progresivamente mayores que los valores calculados. Este fenomeno se atribuye a la existencia de otros modos de marcacion con atomos calientes, que entran en juego cuando la concentracion de bromo no es bastante elevada para eliminar adecuadamente los radicales en virtud de mecanismos de depuracion. (author) [Russian] Byli razrabotany metody rascheta organicheskogo uderzhanija radiogalogenov, kotorye mozhno ozhidat' vsledstvie nejtronnoj aktivacii smesej dvuh organicheskih galoidov i sootvetstvujushhih svobodnyh galogenov. Jeti metody osnovany na koncepcijah processa ''bil'jardnogo shara'' Libbi po mecheniju gorjachih atomov, i uderzhanija vyrazhajutsja v

  6. Nuclear Calculations of Light-Water Moderated Reactors and Experimental Correlations; Calculs de Riacteurs Ralentis a l'Eau Ordinaire et Comparaison avec les Risultats Expirimentaux; Raschet reaktorov s zamedlitelem iz obychnoj vody i sravnenie s ehksperimental'nymi rezul'tatami; Calculos Nucleares de Reactores Moderados por Agua Ligera y Correlacion Experimental

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Solanilla, R. [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    1964-02-15

    rezonansnyj integral urana-238 byl rasschitan s pomoshh'ju formuly, vy- vedennoj avtorom iz teorii sokrashhenija otnoshenija S/M v srotvetstvii s priblizheniem Bella dlja ''jeffekta Dankova''. Korreljacija rezul'tatov rascheta i poluchennyh jeksperimental'nyh dannyh, kotorye so- otvetstvujut mnogim znachenijam harakteristik zamedlitelja i sostavov veshhestv, a takzhe mno- gim geometrijam, byla provedena putem sravnenija s nekotorymi iz osnovnyh parametrov re- shetki jeffektivnogo razmnozhenija i javljaetsja udovletvoritel'noj. Rashozhdenie mezhdu ras- chetom i dannymi opyta v osnovnom ne prevyshaet 2%. (author)

  7. Limitations of Ir{sup 192} as a Radiographic Source for the Control of Reactor Pressure-Vessels; Limitations de {sup 192}Ir en Tant que Source pour l'Examen Radiographique des Caissons Etanches de Reacteurs; Nedostatki Iridiya-192 v kachestveradiograficheskogo istochnika dlya kontrolya za korpusami reaktorov vysokogodavleniya; Limitaciones del {sup 192}Ir como Fuente Radiografica en el Control de Recipientes de Presion para Reactores

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Horvat, D. [Nuclear Institute ' ' J. Stefan' ' Ljubljana, Yugoslavia (Slovenia)

    1965-09-15

    ambas fuentes para igual tiempo de exposicion. Se analizan en el trabajo las desventajas economicas del {sup 192}Ir debidas a su corto periodo, y se presenta una comparacion economica aproximada entre {sup 60}Co y {sup 192}Ir para diferentes espesores y densidades del control radiografico. (author) [Russian] Opublikovannye dannye i rezul'taty nashih sobstvennyh issledovanij pokazali, chto preimushhestvo iridija-192 v otnoshenii kachestva rentgenovskih snimkov javljaetsja ochevidnym po sravneniju s kobal'- tom-60 dazhe pri Julpine obluchaemoj stali svyshe 80 mm. Primenenie iridija-192 na praktike ogranichivaetsja al'ternativoj: ili trebuetsja ochen' dlitel'noe vremja obluchenija ili istochnik ochen' vysokoj aktivnosti. Diagrammy, gde vychercheno obluchenie, vyrazhennoe v kjuri v minutu dlja odnogo metra radiografirovannoj svarki v otnoshenii udel'noj aktivnosti istochnika, pokazyvajut, chto v otnoshenii prakticheski dostupnyh udel'nyh aktivnostej istochniki v kilokjuri prihoditsja ispol'zovat' dlja bol'shej tolshhiny. Dlja takih istochnikov samopogloshhenie mozhet stat' vazhnym faktorom. Analiz vlijanija samopogloshhenija, vyzyvajushhego snizhenie jeffektivnosti istochnika i jeffektov fil'tracii v istochnike, proizvoditsja putem opredelenija jekvivalentnogo uvelichenija tolshhiny obluchaemoj stali i putem rascheta kojefficienta jeffektivnogo linejnogo pogloshhenija v kachestve funkcii razmerov istochnika i tolshhiny obluchaemoj stali. Dazhe v sluchajah s razmerami sravnitel'no krupnyh istochnikov jeffekt fil'tracii ne umen'shaet kojefficient jeffektivnogo linejnogo pogloshhenija v takoj stepeni, chtoby proishodila uterja preimushhestva v kachestve po sravneniju s kobal'tom-60. Obsuzhdajutsja vozmozhnosti uluchshenija v svjazi s novoj konfiguraciej radiograficheskih istochnikov. Jeti novye istochniki dajut v sluchae uzkih pervichnyh puchkov men'shie jeffektivnye razmery i dopuskajut men'shie rasstojanija mezhdu istochnikom i plenkoj. Drugoe preimushhestvo iridija-192

  8. Research with a Natural-Uranium Light-Water Subcritical Assembly; Recherches au Moyen d'un Ensemble Sous-Critique a Uranium Naturel et a Eau Ordinaire; Issledovaniya na podkriticheskoj sborke,rabotayushchej na prirodnom urane i obychnoj vode; Investigaciones con un Conjunto Subcritico de Uranio Natural y Agua Ligera

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koskinen, H. [Institute of Technical Physics, Otaniemi (Finland)

    1964-02-15

    novym. Chast' ego nosit predvaritel'nyj harakter, poskol'ku jeksperimenty i obrabotka dannyh eshhe ne zakoncheny. Rabota na sborke koncentriruetsja na dvuh osnovnyh zadachah, a imenno: 1. Jeksperimental'noe izuchenie prigodnosti metodov rascheta, ispol'zuemyh,v chastnosti, v sluchajah osoboj geometrii (neravnomernoe raspredelenie topliva, konfiguracii podkriticheskoj sborki, granicy osoboj formy i t.d.). Teoreticheskoe issledovanie zdes' zachastuju privodit k nekotorym trudnostjam, svjazannym s konvergenciej. Pojetomu neobhodimo sravnenie s raspredelenijami izmerennyh potokov. 2. Izuchenie osobyh svojstv reshetok, zagruzhennyh prirodnym uranom i obychnoj vodoj, i v osobennosti prigodnosti neskol'kih gruppovyh modelej zamedlenija dlja odnorodnyh i neodnorodnyh struktur aktivnoj zony . Schitaetsja, chto sborka s odnim tol'ko istochnikom spontannogo delenija osobenno pri- go'dna dlja provedenija issledovanij takogo tipa, esli my prenebregaem plohoj statistikoj. Ob{sup j}asnjaetsja jeto dvumja prichinami: 1. Spektr pervichnogo istochnika mozhno schitat' identichnym so spektrom vyzvannogo delenija, pojetomu otsutstvujut perehodnye izmenenija jenergii, podobnye tem, kotorye nabljudajutsja v sluchae ispol'zovanija istochnika bystryh nejtronov. 2. Prostranstvennaja moshhnost' pervichnogo istochnika proporcional'na poperechnomu secheniju delenija topliva, kogda reshetka takzhe raschityvaetsja kak funkcija prostranstvennyh koordinat. Takaja harakternaja cherta takzhe pridaet prostotu forme uravnenij potoka i vo mnogih sluchajah shodstvo s kriticheskimi sistemami. V rezul'tate provedenija tshhatel'nogo analiza raspredelenija potokov v takoj sisteme mozhno poluchit' informaciju otnositel'no prigodnosti special'nyh modelej zamedlenija. Vozmozhno takzhe poluchit' raz{sup j}asnenie takih voprosov, kak delenie pod dejstviem bystryh nejtronov vzaimodejstvija i verojatnost' rezonansnoj utechki, zavisimoj ot prostranstva. Po mneniju avtora, podkriticheskaja sborka s zhidkim zamedlitelem

  9. Nuclear Materials Management and its Relationship to Nuclear Safety and Criticality Control; La Gestion des Matieres Nucleaires et ses Rapports avec la Securite Nucleaire et le Controle de la Criticite; Obrashchenie s yadernymi materialami i ego svyaz' s yadernoj bezopasnost'yu i kontrolem nad kritichnost'yu; La Administracion de Materiales Nucleares y sus Relaciones con la Seguridad Nuclear y el Control de la Criticidad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tingey, F. H. [Phillips Petroleum Company, Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    1966-02-15

    materiales nucleares debe ser exacta y precisa. Es necesario seguir una politica rigida de administracion de existencias a fin de limitar los problemas que suscita la acumulacion de materiales fisionables. La comprobacion interna de las existencias por el personal de los servicios de administracion puede servir tambien para verificar si se aplican los procedimientos de salvaguardia. Este personal puede llevar a cabo una importante labor de orientacion informando a los encargados de manipular los materiales fisionables sobre los peligros que sus actividades implican. La orientacion de los servicios de administracion de materiales nucleares hacia los problemas relativos a la prevencion de la criticidad aumenta considerablemente la eficacia de las inspecciones. (author) [Russian] Dlja vseh, aktivno rabotajushhih v oblasti jadernoj promyshlennosti, chrezvychajno vazhno ne dopuskat' sozdanija takih uslovij, kotorye mogli by privesti k nepredusmotrennomu skopleniju rasshhepljajushhih materialov v takih kolichestvah, geometrii i okruzhenii, kotorye mogut vyzvat' cepnuju reakciju nejtronov. Jeto osobenno vazhno dlja teh, na kom lezhit otvetstvennost' za pogruzochno-razgruzochnye raboty, peremeshhenie i hranenie rasshhepljajushhihsja materialov v hode vypolnenija razlichnyh zadanij. Jeti-zhe lica vhodjat v sistemu administrativno-hozjajstvennogo ucheta jadernyh materialov. Na objazannosti jetih lic lezhit v pervuju ochered' otvetstvennost' za sostavlenie i poluchenie dannyh statisticheskoj otchetnosti, napravljaemyh cherez Upravlenie po administrativnohozjajstvennomu uchetu jadernyh materialov, i v kachestve takovyh pri vypolnenii svoih objazannostej oni dolzhny obrashhat'sja v ukazannoe Upravlenie za predostavleniem im pravil'noj i svoevremennoj informacii. V osnovnom otvetstvennost' za nedopushhenie nepredusmotrennoj kritichnosti v ljuboj zone jekspluatacii ustanovki lezhit na rukovoditele rabot. Pri vyrabotke predupreditel'nyh meroprijatij sleduet uchityvat' po men'shej mere tri

  10. Status of Research and Developmental Studies on Radiation Pasteurization of Fish and Shellfish in the United States; Etat des Etudes et des Realisations en Matiere de Radiopasteurisation des Poissons, Crustaces et Mollusques aux Etats-Unis; Sostoyanie nauchno-issledovatel'skikh rabot po radiatsionnoj pasterizatsii ryby i krabov v soedinennykh shtatakh; Estado de las Investigaciones y Estudios Experimentales Sobre la Radiopasteurizacion de Pescados y Mariscos en los Estados Unidos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Slavin, J. W.; Ronsivalli, L. J.; Connors, T. J. [United States Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Technological Laboratory, Gloucester, MA (United States)

    1966-11-15

    pescado con {sup 60}Co, de 250 000 Ci. Los ensayos de envase y transporte de productos irradiados en condiciones comerciales simuladas muestran que el pescado pasteurizado puede manipularse de la misma manera que el pescado fresco, pero el periodo de almacenamiento del primero es dos veces mayor que el del segundo. En cooperacion con entidades particulares y oficiales, se han expedido a diversos puntos de los Estados Unidos, en vehiculos comerciales, pescados y mariscos irradiados y se ha estudiado su calidad. Los resultados son muy alentadores e indican que este proceso seria sumamente util para la industria. La irradiacion de pescado en el mar permitira desembarcar mayores cantidades de pescado fresco. Los resultados iniciales indican que quiza sea posible irradiar en el mar el pescado (una vez extraidas las visceras) en dosis inferiores a 100 krad, y volverlo a irradiar en tierra una vez cortado en filetes y envasado. (author) [Russian] V doklade daetsja obzor sostojanija nauchnyh issledovanij po radiacionnoj pasterizacii ryb i krabov v Soedinennyh Shtatah i privodjatsja plany perevoda dannogo processa na kommercheskuju osnovu. Avtory izlagajut: 1) laboratornye issledovanija v universitetah i gosudarstvennyh nauchno-issledovatel'skih uchrezhdenijah po kachestvennym i mikrobiologicheskim aspektam obluchennyh s{sup e}dobnyh produktov morja, 2) issledovatel'skie raboty po oblucheniju ryby na beregu i v more i 3) kontrol' so storony amerikanskih vlastej za radiacionno pasterizovannymi s'edobnymi produktami morja i ispol'zovanie dannogo processa v rybolovnoj promyshlennosti. Kachestvennye issledovanija pokazyvajut, chto obluchenie kobal'tom-60 pri 150 000- 450 000 rad mozhet po men'shej mere udvoit' srok hranenija v zamorozhennom vide 16 vidov ryby, krabov i ustric, kotorye otnosjatsja k osnovnym vidam rybnyh produktov, prodavaemyh v svezhem ili zamorozhennom vide v Soedinennyh Shtatah. Temperatura hranenija, kachestvo syr'ja i uroven' dozy znachitel'no vlijajut na

  11. Ultrasonic Inspection following Heat Treatment of Uranium Alloys; Controle des Traitements Thermiques d'Alliage d'Uranium par Ultrasons; Kontrol' termicheskoj obrabotki uranovykh splavov s pomoshch'yu ul'trazvuka; Control Ultrasonico de los Tratamientos Termicos de Aleaciones de Uranio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Destribats, Marie-Therese; Cherpentier, C.; Papezik, F.; Pigeon, M. [Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires Desaclay (France)

    1965-10-15

    ia calidad del combustible utilizado se considera indispensable controlar el conjunto del elemento y la totalidad de la produccion. Este control no puede realizarse por micrograffa debido al tiempo prolongado que esta requiere y a sus resultados de caracter parcial. El metodo de control adoptado se basa en el principio de la absorcion de ondas ultrasonicas por los distintos materiales. Dicha absorcion es funcion de la estructura del medio. Si {lambda} es pequena en comparacion col el tamano del grano G, la absorcion resultara debil mientras que si G es del orden de {lambda}/2, la absorcion sera muy considerable. Los primeros ensayos se efectuaron en aire, utilizando ecos multiples y midiendo la altura del primer eco; los siguientes se realizaron por transmision en agua, comparando la altura del eco transmitido con la del inicial. En el control industrial, se compara la amplitud del eco transmitido por el material con la del obtenido usando una probeta patron sometida al tratamiento correcto, de la misma composicion y de igual forma geometrica. La inspeccion se realiza en una maquina especial; los materiales se hacen girar mediante roldanas y los transductores orientables se desplazan a lo largo del elemento. La exploracion helicoidal se lleva a cabo con un paso inferior a 5 mm. El generador de ondas ultrasonicas comprende un sistema de regulacion que mantiene constante la intensidad del eco de referencia. Se presenta una serie de registros obtenidos con diversas aleaciones y, en particular, defectos observados en elementos tratados por induccion durante el avance lineal. Se detectan zonas de tratamiento deficiente, de area inferior a 1 cm{sup 2}. En la actualidad se controlan de esta manera todos los combustibles aleados de bajo contenido de uranio destinados a los reactors G2, EL3, EDF1, EDF2 e INCA, es decir, barras y tubos con diametros comprendidos entre 20 y 95 mm. (author) [Russian] Chtoby dobit'sja luchshego rezhima raboty reaktorov, v kotoryh ispol

  12. Economics of Food Irradiation; Aspects Economiques de l'Irradiation des Denrees Alimentaires; Ehkonomicheskie aspekty oblucheniya pishchevykh produktov; Aspectos Economicos de la Irradiacion de Aumentos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Killam, E. R.; Ketchum, H. W.; Deitch, J.; Osburn, Jr., J. W. [United States Department of Commerce, Business and Defense Services Administration, Washington, DC (United States)

    1966-11-15

    ocenka provodjashhihsja v nastojashhee vremja rabot, imejushhih otnoshenie k perspektivam kommercheskogo obluchenija pishhevyh produktov v Soedinennyh Shtatah. V issledovanii priznaetsja, chto nel'zja obobshhat' dannye v otnoshenii perspektiv obluchenija pishhevyh produktov ni na osnove processov, ni na osnove produktov. Kak tehnicheskij tak i jekonomicheskij potencialy imejut shirokij diapazon izmenenij v otnoshenii razlichnyh pishhevyh produktov, kotorye podvergajutsja tem zhe ili razlichnym vidam obrabotki. Daetsja kratkij obzor i ocenka poslednih issledovanij v otnoshenii jekonomicheskih aspektov obluchenija produktov pitanija, a takzhe kratko izlagajutsja vyvody i zakljuchenija otnositel'no jekonomicheskih potencialov. Privoditsja obsuzhdenie reakcij predstavitelej promyshlennosti na predlagaemyj opytnyj obluchatel' mjasa, zakazchikami kotorogo javljajutsja amerikanskaja armija i Komissija po atomnoj jenergii SShA; koordinirovanie osushhestvljaet Ministerstvo torgovli; analizirujutsja faktory, kotorye opredeljat budushhee napravlenie, masshtab i kommercheskij uspeh sohranenija pishhevyh produktov s pomoshh'ju ionizirujushhego obluchenija. . Raboty vo vseh jetih kategorijah javljajutsja sushhestvennymi dlja dostizhenija uspeha, v protivnom sluchae oni javjatsja tormozjashhimi faktorami. Tem ne menee, uspeshnyj i vygodnyj sbyt obluchennyh pishhevyh produktov, v konechnom itoge, dolzhen byt' postavlen v zavisimost' ot akceptacii potrebitelem i vygodnogo vzaimootnoshenija mezhdu stoimost'ju i pribyl'ju . K vygodam sleduet otnesti bolee nizkuju stoimost' i bolee vysokuju pribyl' v rezul'tate sokrashhenija porchi, uvelichenija srokov hranenija i rasstojanija perevozok, rasshirenija rynka i uluchshenija kachestva. Nakonec, jekonomicheskij uspeh jetoj novoj tehnologii dolzhen zaviset' ot jasnogo dokazatel'stva togo, chto jeti vygody prevysjat dopolnitel'nye rashody po obrabotke na kakuju-to summu, kotoraja budet dostatochnoj dlja stimuljacii neobhodimyh chastnyh

  13. Heating of a Dense Plasma in a Metallic Chamber; Chauffage d'un Plasma dense dans une Chambre Metallique; 041d 0410 0413 0420 0415 0412 041f 041b 041e 0422 041d 041e 0419 041f 041b 0410 0417 041c 042b 0412 041c 0415 0422 0410 041b 041b 0418 0427 0415 0421 041a 041e 0419 041a 0410 041c 0415 0420 0415 ; Calentamiento de un Plasma Denso en una Camara Metalica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shvets, O. M.; Tarasenko, V. F.; Ovchinnikov, S. S.; Tolok, V. T. [Fiziko-Tehnicheskij Institut AN USSR, Khar' kov, USSR (Ukraine)

    1966-04-15

    predstavljaet soboj mednuju vakuumnuju kameru, po osi kotoroj s oboih torcov vvedeny zapityvajushhie jelektrody s aljuminievymi nakonechnikami. Jelektrody cherez razdelitel'nyj kondensator podsoedineny k vysokochastotnomu generatoru. Kamera pomeshhena vnutr' solenoida, sozdajushhego magnitnoe pole. Naprjazhennost' magnitnogo polja mozhno plavno regulirovat' v predelah 0 - 2500 je. Konfiguracija polja vybiralas' v sootvetstvii s uslovijami neobhodimymi dlja generirovanija i pogloshhenija ionnyh ciklotronnyh voln (oblast' magnitnogo berega raspolozhena v centre solenoida). V kachestve rabochego gaza ispol'zovalsja vodorod, ego davlenie ustanavlivalos' stacionarnym rezhimom raboty natekatelja v diapazone 10{sup -4} -10{sup -2} tor. Dlja sozdanija otorvannoj ot stenok kamery plazmy ispol'zuetsja vysokochastotnyj razrjad, kotoryj vsledstvie detektirujushhih svojstv plazmy sozdaet postojannuju raznost' potencialov mezhdu jelektrodami i kameroj. Jeto privodit k pojavleniju mezhdu jelektrodami oscillirujushhih po silovym linijam magnitnogo polja jelektronov, vyzyvajushhih vysokuju stepen' ionizacii gaza v mezhdujelektrodnom prostranstve. Na osi vakuumnoj kamery obrazuetsja sterzhen' plotnoj plazmy, diametr kotorogo opredeljaetsja diametrom jelektrodov. V rabote issledovan spektral'nyj sostav izluchenija razrjada, proizvedena ocenka plotnosti plazmy po shtarkovskomu ushireniju kontura linii N{sub {beta}}; po otnosheniju intensivnostej singletnoj i tripletnoj linij gelija opredelena temperatura jelektronov plazmy. Byli proizvedeny izmerenija potokov bystryh nejtral'nyh atomov, obrazujushhihsja v processe perezarjadki ionov vodoroda na nejtral'nom gaze i s pomoshh'ju special'nyh zondov izmereny poperechnye jEhnergii ionov v zavisimosti ot naprjazhennosti magnitnogo polja i drugih parametrov. (author)

  14. Solidification of Radioactive Waste Solutions; Solidification des Effluents Radioactifs; 041e 0422 0412 0415 0420 0416 0414 0415 041d 0418 0415 0420 0410 0414 0418 041e 0410 041a 0422 0418 0412 041d 042b 0425 0421 0411 0420 041e 0421 041d 042b 0425 0420 0410 0421 0422 0412 041e 0420 041e 0412 ; Solidificacion de Efluentes Radiactivos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brezhneva, N. E.; Golovanov, Ju. N.; Oziraner, S. N.; Eremin, A. A.; Rozanova, V. N.

    1963-02-15

    osadkov gidrookisi zheleza, poluchennyh osazhdeniem iz radioaktivnyh ishodnyh rastvorov. Shema otverzhdenija razrabotana, ishodja iz uslovija umen'shenija do minimuma sbrosnyh sduvochnyh gazov, podlezhashhih ochistke, ot ajerozolej i letuchih radioaktivnyh komponent. V processe raboty ustanovleny optimal'nye uslovija poluchenija himicheski stojkogo stekla, a takzhe pokazana vozmozhnost' snizhenija temperatury plavki stekla var'irovaniem dobavok fljusov. Ustanovleno zametnoe snizhenie himicheskoj stojkosti stekla, podvergshegosja dlitel'nomu hraneniju pri temperature vyshe 300 - 350 Degree-Sign C. Izuchena vymyvaemost' radiocezija iz stekol. Issledovana letuchest' radiocezija i radiorutenija v processe sushki i plavki i pokazano, chto v atmosfere uglekislogo gaza letuchest' rutenija polnost'ju podavljaetsja. Letuchest' radiocezija v zametnyh kolichestvah stanovitsja zametnoj pri temperature vyshe 700 Degree-Sign C i rastet s povysheniem ee. Pokazano, chto radiocezij kondensiruetsja na otvodjashhih trubkah pri temperature nizhe 400 Degree-Sign C i legko smyvaetsja slabym rastvorom azotnoj kisloty i vody. Provedennyj raschet teplovydelenija radioaktivnyh stekol pokazal, chto radius sharovoj otlivki stekla iz vysokoaktivnogo materiala (10 kjuri/g) ne dolzhen prevyshat' 25 sm. Daetsja shema i apparaturnoe oformlenie processa sushki i osteklovyvanija radioaktivnyh pul'p, osnovannogo na ispol'zovanii gaza teplonositelja v sisteme. (author)

  15. Industrial Ultrasonic Inspection of Stainless-Steel Claddings for the EL4 Reactor; Controle Industriel par Ultrasons des Gaines en Acier Inoxydable du Reacteur EL4; Promyshlennyj kontrol' obolochechnykh trub iz nerzhaveyushchej stali reaktora dlya EL4 s pomoshch'yu ul'trazvukovogo metoda; Metodos Ultrasonicos para Control Industrial de las Vainas de Acero Inoxidable del Reactor EL4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prot, A. C.; Foulquoer, H. E.; Peyrot, J. P. [Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay (France)

    1965-09-15

    'nosti reaktorov. Podtverzhdaetsja, chto vybor metoda, kotoryj sleduet primenjat' i razrabatyvat', javljaetsja trudnym. Privodjatsja osnovnye momenty. Posle togo, kak v rezul'tate laboratornyh rabot sdelan vybor, voznikajut dve novye problemy: D) vnedrenie v promyshlennost' neobhodimost' ucheta dopustimogo kachestva v opredelennyj moment metodami izgotovlenija v svjazi s ustanovlennymi bolee ili menee proizvol'nym obrazom normami dlja priema. Jeto, v dejstvitel'nosti, obuslavlivaetsja neobhodimost'ju v statisticheskom issledovanii komplektov trub razlichnogo izgotovlenija i ih klassifikacii po otnosheniju k bolee ili menee strogim normam. Vidno, chto kolichestvo podlezhashhih kontrolju trub znachitel'no prevyshaet pervonachal'no namechennoe. Jeto vedet k izucheniju avtomaticheskogo kontrol'nogo mehanizma, sposobnogo udovletvorit' odnovremenno i trebovanijam tempa, i trebovanijam, vytekajushhim iz vybrannogo tipa kontrolja: poslednie obychno svodjatsja k mehanicheskomu kontrolju i nuzhdajutsja v osobenno tshhatel'no razrabotannoj konstrukcii. Sovokupnost' jetih soobrazhenij privela k razrabotke ustrojstva, temp raboty kotorogo uzhe sejchas mozhet bez truda pokryt' potrebnosti vsego cikla proizvodstva toplivnyh jelementov. Vozmozhnosti jetogo ustrojstva tesno svjazany s harakteristikami podobrannogo oborudovanija navedenija i kontrolja, v osobennosti so svojstvami jelektroniki priborov kontrolja po ul'trazvuku i so svojstvami ispol'zuemyh preobrazovatelej. K tomu zhe iz jetogo issledovanija javstvuet, chto standartnoe oborudovanie daleko ne sootvetstvuet probleme i chto uzhe sejchas sleduet predusmotret' osoboe ustrojstvo dlja dannogo tipa kontrolja. (author)

  16. Design, Fabrication and Performance of Boron-Carbide Control Elements; Conception, Fabrication et Comportement de Lames de Commande en Carbure de Bore; Raschety, izgotovlenie i kharakteristiki reguliruyushchikh sterzhnej. Iz karbida Bora; Proyecto, Elaboracion y Rendimiento de Elementos de Control de Carburo de Boro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brammer, H. A.; Jacobson, J. [General Electric Company, San Jose, CA (United States)

    1964-06-15

    regulirujushhih sterzhnej i programme razrabotki'' v atomnoj laboratorii Valesitos, a takzhe opisanie okonchatel'nyh form regulirujushhih kaset I 3 . Izgotovlenie kaset j metody kontrolja ih kachestva. 4. Rezul'taty opytov po proverke predjekspluatacionnyh mehanicheskih svojstv i reaktivnosti. 5 . Opyt, poluchennyj posle jekspluatacii kaset, vkljuchaja i dannye o rezul'tatah obsledovanija mehanicheskoj chasti i ispytanie na reaktivnost' posle dvuh l e t raboty reaktora. (author)

  17. Desirable New Geologic Research in Support of Radioactive Waste Disposal as Indicated by Hanford Experience; Nouvelles Recherches Geologiques Souhaitables au Sujet de l'Elimination des Dechets Radioactifs, Selon les Indications Fournies par l'Experience de Hanford; 041f 0420 041e 0412 0415 0414 ; Nuevas Investigaciones Geologicas que Convendria Hacer para Facilitar la Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos Siguiendo las Indicaciones Proporcionadas por las Experiencias Efectuadas en Hanford

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, Randall E. [Hanford Laboratories, Hanford Atomic Products Operation, General Electric Company, Richland, WA (United States)

    1960-07-01

    estudios de los geologos, hidrologos, geoquimicos y matematicos ha contribuido mucho a asegurar la evacuacion sin riesgos de los desechos en el subsuelo de Hanford. No obstante, todavia queda mucho camino por recorrer. (author) [Russian] Ves process udalenija radioaktivnyh othodov zavisit ot geologicheskoj struktury okruzhajushhej sredy. No udalenie v jetu sredu ne javljaetsja okonchatel'nym, poskol'ku nikakoj material ne javljaetsja sovershenno nepronicaemym, nenas'ncajushhimsja ili nekorrozijnym s tochki zrenija geologicheskogo vremeni. Opyt v Hjenforde po udaleniju radioaktivnyh othodov podcherkivaet neobhodimost' sopostavlenija geologicheskih osobennostej, sushhestvujushhih v rajone udalenija otohodov i v blizhajshem rajone, gde vozmozhno obluchenie naselenija. Problemy, voznikshie v Hjenforde v svjazi s udaleniem radioaktivnyh othodov, vkljuchajut: 1. kolichestvennuju netochnost' geologii, 2. nedostatok izotopnyh, gomogennyh geologicheskih struktur, 3. opredelenie kolichestvennogo znachenija otklonenija geologicheskih i gidrologicheskih osobennostej ot normal'nogo polozhenija i 4. opredelenie i izmerenie parametrov, predstavljajushhih interes. Privodjatsja primery dlja illjustracii vysheukazannyh sluchaev. Bylo otryto 557 kolodcev obshhej glubinoj 33000 metrov, no dannye, poluchennye v rezul'tate jetoj bol'shoj raboty, nedostatochno tochny. Cennost' standartnyh akvifer- nyh ispytanij v rabochih uslovijah ogranichena, poskol'ku neobhodimye vvodnye dannye slishkom obobshhajutsja. Izuchenie ionnogo obmena daet kolichestvennye znachenija, kotorye predstavljajut neposredstvennyj interes i pomogajut istolkovat' geologicheskie osobennosti. Gidrologicheskie issledovanija, uvjazannye s rabotoj po himii pochvy i imejushhimisja geologicheskimi dannymi, okazyvajut pomoshh' v ob'jasnenii processa dvizhenija gruntovyh vod. Udalenie radioaktivnyh othodov v grunt ne javljaetsja ni panaceej, ni chem- to inym, chego sleduet bojat'sja. Obobshhenie dannyh, poluchennyh v rezul

  18. The Permanent Disposal of Highly Radioactive Wastes by Incorporation into Glass; Elimination Permanente de Dechets Hautement Radioactifs par Incorporation dans le Verre; 041e 041a 041e 041d 0427 0414 ; La Evacuacion Permanente de Desechos de Elevada Radiactividad Incorporandolos en Vidrio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Watson, L. C.; Aikin, A. M.; Bancroft, A. I. [Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. (Canada)

    1960-07-01

    . Jetot process byl prodemonstrirovan proizvodstvom stekla, soderzhashhego do 50 kjuri smeshannyh rasshhepljajushhihsja produktov pjati-shestiletnej davnosti na kilogramm. Operacija provodilas' po ciklam po norme 4 kilogramma na cikl. Jeti operacii pokazali, chto rasshhepljajushhiesja produkty mogut byt' zakljucheny v steklo bezopasno i udobno. Rassmotrenie mnogih problem, svjazannyh s postojannym hraneniem ili okonchatel'nym udaleniem vysokoradioaktivnogo stekla privelo k vyvodu, chto ego sleduet zahoronjat' v zemlju ili hranit' v iskusstvennyh pogrebah, V takih uslovijah othody v sluchae neobhodimosti vsegda mogut byt' podvergnuty dopolnitel'nomu kontrolju. Esli othody pomeshhajutsja neposredstvenno v grunt, to osnovnym metodom, s pomoshh'ju kotorogo rasshhepljajushhiesja produkty mogut byt' vypushheny vo vneshnjuju sredu, javljaetsja vyshhelachivanie iz stekla v vodu. V svjazi s jetim schitajut vazhnym znat' skorost', pri kotoroj rasshhepljajushhiesja produkty budut rasseivat'sja jetim metodom. V laboratorii polucheno znachitel'noe kolichestvo dannyh o vyshhelachivanii s pomoshh'ju vody. Bylo najdeno, chto skorost' vyshhelachivanija zavisit ot sostava stekla. Izmerenija, provedennye pri ispytanii vseh sostavov stekla, pokazali, chto skorost' vyshhelachivanija rasshhepljajushhihsja produktov iz stekla so vremenem umen'shaetsja. Posle neskol'kih mesjacev prebyvanija v vode skorost' vysvobozhdenija iz stekla s razlichnym sostavom byla ravna primerno 10{sup -4} procenta v god ot dvuhkilogrammovoj stekljannoj polusfery. Poluchennye dannye byli ispol'zovany dlja opredelenija vysvobozhdenija rasshhepljajushhihsja produktov iz stekla, soderzhashhego bol'shie kolichestva rasshhepljajushhihsja produktov, kotorye budut akkumulirovat'sja v rezul'tate raboty jenergeticheskih reaktorov. (author)

  19. Simplified Procedures for Obtaining Clearances of Foods Preserved by Ionizing Energy; Procedures Simplifiees pour Obtenir l'Autorisation de Produire des Denrees Alimentaires Conservees par les Rayonnements Ionisants; Uproshennaya protsedura polucheniya razreshenij na prodazhu obluchennk pishchevykh produktov; Simplificacion de los Procedimientos para la Obtencion de Autorizaciones de Venta de Alimentos Conservados Mediante Radiaciones Ionizantes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Josephson, E. S. [United States Army Natick Laboratories, Natick, MA (United States)

    1966-11-15

    special'nye razreshenija ot Upravlenija po pishhevym produktam i medikamentam SShA', a v sluchae mjasa mlekopitajushhihsja i ptic - ot Ministerstva sel'skogo hozjajstva SShA. Jeti uchrezhdenija uzhe razreshili prodazhu obluchennogo bekona, pshenicy, muchnyh produktov i belogo kartofelja posle poluchenija i rassmotrenija hodatajstv, soderzhashhih vse neobhodimye svedenija, vkljuchaja opisanie processa obrabotki, tary i upakovki, predlagaemyj istochnik izluchenija, diapazon doz, metody dozimetrii, dannye o prigodnosti upotreblenija v pishhu i o soderzhanii pitatel'nyh veshhestv, dokazatel'stva mikrobiologicheskoj bezopasnosti, otsutstvie zametnoj navedennoj radioaktivnosti, utverzhdenie degustatorami, a takzhe, v sluchae neobhodimosti, dannye po hraneniju i transportirovke. Sbor podobnyh dannyh, neobhodimyh dlja prinjatija hodatajstva, trebuet dlitel'nogo vremeni i bol'shih zatrat. V celjah oblegchenija i uskorenija jetoj raboty peresmatrivaetsja ves' process sbora dannyh i sostavlenija hodatajstv. Dajutsja sootvetstvujushhie rekomendashh. (author)

  20. Initial Operating Experience with the ''NPD'' Reactor; Experience recueillie pendant les premiers mois de fonctionnement du reacteur NPD; Pervyj opyt po ehkspluatatsii reaktora NPD; Experiencia inicial de funcionamiento del reactor NPD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McConnell, L. G. [Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

    1963-10-15

    raboty na vysokoj moshchnosti v techenie shesti nedel' dal koehffitsient ispol'zovaniya na moshchnost', ravnyj 70% Uluchsheniya, kotorye byli dostignuty, uvelichili bezopasnost', povysili ehkspluatatsionnye kharakteristiki i prodemonstrirovali potentsial'nye metody snizheniya kapital'nykh zatrat dlya budushchikh stantsij. Tak, naprimer, v tselyakh uluchsheniya ehkspluatatsionnykh kachestv byli vidoizmeneny uplotneniya valov na nasosakh okhladitelya pervogo kontura; oborudovanie tipa kholodil'nikov, ispol'zovavsheesya dlya regeneratsii para, bylo zameneno pogloshchayushchimi kolonkami s tsel'yu umen'sheniya poteri para v tyazheloj vode. Ustanavlivayutsya takzhe ogranichiteli potoka vody v liniyakh dlya vzyatiya prob s tsel'yu umen'sheniya poteri tyazheloj vody v sluchayakh neispravnostej v soedineniyakh. V dekabre 1962 goda dve odnovremennye utechki iz mashiny, proizvodyashchej zagruzku topliva, priveli k neobychnomu obstoyatel'stvu, pri kotorom znachitel'noe kolichestvo goryachej tyazheloj vody pod vysokim davleniem popalo v kameru reaktora, gde proizoshlo neznachitel'noe umen'shenie ee izotopnoj chistoty, kotoraya zatem byla prevyshena i reaktor byl vnov' pushchen v kontse mesyatsa. Vo vremya avarii vse ustrojstva po bezopasnosti rabotali tochno i obespechili uderzhanie tyazheloj vody. (author)

  1. Charge-storage techniques for pulse-height analysis; Techniques de stockage electrostatique pour l'analyse en amplitude d'impulsion; Metod nakopleniya zaryada dlya amplitudnogo analiza impul'sov; Tecnicas de almacenamiento de cargas para analisis de amplitud de impulsos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costrell, L; Brueckmann, R E [National Bureau of Standards, Washington, DC (United States)

    1962-04-15

    . Znachitel'naya chast' ehtoj raboty byla napravlena na sozdanie togo, chto my nazyvaem ''analizatorom nakopleniya zaryada'', osnovannogo na rabotakh, provodimykh v Natsional'nom byuro standartov. My zakonchili sozdanie analizatora nakopleniya zaryada, kotoryj ehkspluatiruetsya na sinkhrotrone Natsional'nogo byuro standartov moshchnost'yu 180 mehv pri provedenii ehksperimenta po yadernoj absorbtsii, na puti osushchestvleniya kotorogo, v inom sluchae, vstretilis' by ogromnye trudnosti. Analizator ispol'zuet vremennoe ehlektrostaticheskoe nakoplenie dlya sbora dannykh po amplitude impul'sov vo vremya mashinnykh vspyshek. Vo vremya mertvykh intervalov mezhdu vspyshkami soderzhanie vremennogo nakopleniya analiziruetsya i perevoditsya v obychnoe nakoplenie v magnitnykh serdechnikakh. Obsuzhdaetsya ispol'zovanie ehtogo metoda dlya nanosekundnykh impul'sov i predstavleny dannye, pokazyvayushchie ego osushchestvimost'. (author)

  2. Production of Strontium-90 Thermal Power Sources; Fabrication de sources d'energie thermique au strontium-90; Proizvodstvo istochnikov ''teplovoj ehnergii iz Sr''9''0; Preparacion de fuentes de energia termica con estroncio-90

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cochran, J. S.; Bloom, J. L.; Schneider, A. [Martin Company, Nuclear Division, Baltimore 3, MD (United States)

    1963-11-15

    debido a su abundancia, a sus propiedades nucleares y a la relativa facilidad con que permite construir generadores compactos de calor. Se emplean ya generadores a base de estroncio-90 para suministrar energia a centrales meteorologicas automaticas y aparatos auxiliares para la navegacion, y se esta estudiando la posibilidad de emplear este isotopo como fuente de energia para vehiculos espaciales. Se estudiaron diversos compuestos de estroncio que podian servir para este fin y se eligio el titanato porque reune las propiedades mas adecuadas. El estronico-90 se separa del resto d e los productos brutos de fision y se purifica hasta el grado requerido en las instalaciones de Hanford de la Comision de Energia Atomica de los Estados Unidos. Seguidamente se introduce en forma de carbonato en la ''celda caliente'' de la Martin Company, donde se transforma en pastilla, de titanato. Se sigue e l mismo proceso que en las tecnicas quimicas y ceramicas, pero adaptado para la manipulacion a distancia. Seguidamente las pastillas se encapsulan en recipientes de ''Hastelloy C'' para emplearlas en los generadores de energia termoelectrica. Estos procesos presentan problemas poco corrientes debido a que las grandes cantidades de estroncio-90 que se manejan (que podrian alcanzar millones de curies por ano) pueden originar gravisimos riegos radiologicos y de contaminacion. La memoria describe la instalacion, el equipo, el proceso y los criterios de seguridad. Describe tambien la experiencia adquirida recientemente al elaborar el combustilble para el generador SNAP-7 con los primeros 250 000 s de estroncio-90. Proporciona algunos detalles sobre los procedimientos de encapsulado, calorimetros, de descontaminacion y de evacuacion de desechos. (author) [Russian] Odnoj iz naibolee interesnykh oblastej primeneniya ogromnogo kolichestva radioaktivnykh otkhodov yavlyaetsya ispol'zovanie ikh v ustanovkakh s neposredstvennym preobrazovaniem ehnergii, prednaznachennykh dlya raboty v otdalennykh

  3. Tritium in underground-water studies; Emploi du tritium dans les etudes sur les eaux souterraines; Tritij v isledovaniyakh podzemnykh vod; Empleo del tritio en el estudio de las aguas subterraneas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alekseev, F A; Gol' bek, G R; Sojfer, V N; Vasil' eva, N A; Majdebor, V N; Sokolovskij, Eh V; Shan' gin, N N

    1962-01-15

    osnov- nogo kontura zakachivaemoj vody po otnositel'no odnorodnoj chasti plasta so skorost'yu 2 m/sutki. Poslednee sootvetstvuet teoreticheski vychislennym znacheniyam skorostej dvizheniya (1,9/2,2 m/sutki), v predpolozhenii odnorodnosti plasta. Vozmozhna kolichestvennaya otsenka raskhoda zhidkosti pri dvizheniyakh pervogo i vtorogo tipa. Razrabotan metod kontrolya soobshchaemosti mezhdu otdel'nymi proplastkami produktivnoj tolshchi neftyanogo plasta s pomoshch'yu tritievoj vody. Predlagaetsya novyj metod kontrolya razrabotki neftyanykh mestorozhdenij s zakonturnym i vnutrikonturnym zavodneniem s pomoshch'yu prirodnogo tritiya, soderzhashchegosya v zakachivaemykh v plast poverkhnostnykh vodakh. Metod pozvolyaet izuchat' medlennoe dvizhenie kontura v techenie prodolzhitel'nogo vremeni (poryadka 10 let) na krupnykh neftyanykh mestorozhdeniyakh s redkoj setkoj skvazhin. Po dole raspavshegosya tritiya v plastovoj vode ehkspluatatsionnykh skvazhin mogut byt' opredeleny vremena i skorosti dvizheniya vodnogo kontura s tochnost'yu {+-} 1 god. Trebuetsya minimal'nyj ob{sup e}m analiticheskoj raboty (ne bolee 300/500 analizov v god na grupnom mestorozhdenii) dlya kontrolya za dvizheniem kontura. Razrabotana vysokochuvstvitel'naya apparatura dlya izmereniya tritiya v poverkhnostnykh vodakh s ispol'zovaniem standartnykh schetchikov vnutrennego zapolneniya, dostupnaya dlya bol'shinstva promyslovykh organizatsij. (author)

  4. Assessment of End-Plug Welding of Fuel Elements; Evaluation des Soudures Terminales des Elements Combustibles; Otsenka kachestva privarki kontsevoj probki toplivnykh ehlementov; Inspeccion de la Soldadura del Tapon Terminal de los Elementos Combustibles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakamura, Y.; Aoki, T. [Tokai Refinery, Atomic Fuel Corporation (Japan)

    1965-10-15

    metallicheskogo urana s aljuminievym pokrytiem. Poskol'ku v jelementah mezhdu pokrytiem i serdcevinoj sushhestvuet tol'ko mehanicheskaja svjaz', koncevaja probka mozhet ispytyvat' rastjagivajushhee naprjazhenie v rezul'tate uvelichenija obluchenija uranovoj serdceviny. Tem- peraturnye kolebanija vyzovut analogichnoe naprjazhenie v svarnyh shvah. Vsledstvie neodno- rodnosti mikrostruktury vblizi svarnyh shvov tam mozhet proizojti usilennaja korrozija pod vozdejstviem gorjachej vody. Vo vremja raboty reaktora i posle ego ostanovki neobhodimo obespechit' germetichnost'. Dlja provedenija ispytanij na prochnost' na razryv, ispytanij na polzuchest' pri vysokoj temperature, ispytanij temperaturnyh kolebanij i korrozii byli razrabotany special'- nye obrazcy. Mnogie harakteristiki svarnyh shvov byli izucheny bez razrushenija ispyty- vaemogo obrazca do provedenija ispytanij i provereny na germetichnost' v promezhutkah mezh- du ispytanijami. Jeti rezul'taty mogut byt' ispol'zovany dlja ustanovlenija standartov proverki, takih kak rentgenovskaja radiografija i vizual'naja proverka kachestva privarki koncevoj probki. Budut takzhe opisany nekotorye drugie rezul'taty, poluchennye po topliv- nym jelementam, pokrytym magnoksom ili cirkalloem. (author)

  5. Assessment of Tritium in Production Workers; Charge Corporelle de Tritium dans les Usines de Production de ce Radioelement; 041e 041f 0420 0415 0414 ; Evaluacion del Tritio en el Personal Dedicado a la Produccion de Este Isotopo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Butler, F. E. [Savannah River Plant, E. I. Dupont de Nemours and Company, Aiken, SC (United States)

    1964-11-15

    }c/l, la periode biologique moyenne etait de' 9,5 j. La periode variait en raison inverse dela temperature ambiante et de l'age des sujets. (author) [Spanish] En la planta del rio Savannah se ha organizado un;programa de determinacion del tritio basado en ei analisis rapido de gran cantidad de muestras de orina. En los diez ultimos anos se han analizado mas del 300 000 del estas muestras. Se describe un metodo de recuento, basado en un centelleador liquido, que se utiliza corrientemente para el analisis de las muestras de orina. El metodo permite determinar en 1 min muestras sin tratar que solo contienen 1 {mu}c de tritio por litro. El limite de deteccion, en el caso de la orina destilada, es de 5 * 10{sup -4} {mu}c de tritio por litro. Se examina la automatizacion del equipo, la mezcla de centelleo y los volumenes de muestras optimos, la seleccion de reactivos y de recipientes de recuento, y la eliminacion de radionuclidos susceptibles de interferir. Se resumen los estudios empiricos realizados sobre el periodo biologico. En 310 casos en que la concentracion inicial de tritio en la orina estuvo comprendida entre 20 y 118 {mu}c/l, el periodo biologico medio fue de 9,5 d. El periodo biologico vario en relacion inversa a la temperatura ambiente y a la edad de los individuos. (author) [Russian] Programma po opredeleniju soderzhanija tritija v biologicheskih obrazcah na zavode v Savanna- River vkljuchaet issledovanie bol'shego kolichestva prob mochi v korotkie sroki. Za poslednie desjat' let proizveden analiz bolee 300 tys prob mochi. Daetsja opisanie metoda zhidkostnoj 'bcintilljacii, ispol'zuemogo v nastojashhee vremja dlja analiza mochi. Neobrabotannye proby, soderzhashhie 1 mkkjuri/l-tritija mogut byt. issledovany v techenie odnoj minuty. Predelom obnaruzhenija dlja distillirovannoj, mochi javljaetsja 5 * 10{sup -4} mkkjuri/l. Obsuzhdajutsja voprosy avtomatizacii oborudovanija, optimal'noj scintil- lirujushhej smesi i'ob{sup e}ma obrazcov, vybora reaktivov; kontejnerov

  6. Use of Neutron Irradiations in the Brookhaven Mutations Programme; Irradiation Neutronique dans le Cadre du Programme de Mutations Radioinduites de Brookhaven; Primenenie nejtronnogo izlucheniya v brukkhejvenskoj programme po ispol'zovaniyu mutatsij; La Irradiacion Neutronica en el Marco del Programa de Mutaciones Radioinducidas de Brookhaven

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miksche, J. P.; Shapiro, S. [Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (United States)

    1964-03-15

    colaboracion con expertos de Australia, Belgica, Costa Rica, Chile, Dinamarca, Ecuador, Formosa, Grecia, Guatemala, India, Irlanda, Italia, japon, Kenia, Mexico, Paises Bajos, Pakistan, Peru, Filipinas, Rumania, Sudafrica, Tailandia, Venezuela, Alemania Occidental y Yugoeslavia. Los autores presentaran una resefla de los proyectos precitados, deteniendose ante todo en el uso de los neutrones para inducir mutaciones. EBR, por ejemplo, la capacidad de restablecimiento y la manifestacion del efecto oxigeno, principalmente para dosis correspondientes a valores reducidos de la TLE. Si bien esta interpretacion debe considerarse provisional, la distribucion de la dosis en funcion de la TLE proporciona una base para la realizacion de nuevos experimentos sobre la relacion existente entre la EBR y la TLE. (author) [Russian] Programma sotrudnichestva po ispol'zovaniju radiomutacij byla razrabotana v Brukhejvenskoj nacional'noj laboratorii primerno desjat' let nazad, chtoby predostavit' vozmozhnost' rastenievodam i agronomam primenjat' metody obluchenija po programme uluchshenija sortov rastenija. V kachestve ustanovki dlja obluchenija po programme ispol'zovalis' teplovaja kolonna v Brukhejvenskom grafitovom jeksperimental'nom reaktore, rentgenovskij apparat (pikovoe naprjazhenie 250 kv) biologicheskogo otdela jadernoj tehniki, gamma-istochnik moshhnost'ju 12 kjuri v teplicah i istochnik Co{sup 60}, raspolozhennyj v pole ploshhad'ju 13 akrov. V jetoj programme sotrudnichestva na dolju Brukhejvenskoj laboratorii prihoditsja razrabotka oborudovanija metodov i teoreticheskih polozhenij, v to vremja kak rastitel'nyj material i semena predostavljajutsja jekspertami po sel'skomu hozjajstvu, o t vetstvennymi za vyrashhivanie obluchennogo materiala i otbor mutacij. Bo le e 150 uchenyh iz 45 shtatov i Pujerto-Riko uchastvujut v vypolnenii programmy. Nachato takzhe vypolnenie proektov s Avstraliej, Bel'giej, Chili, Ko sta'Rika, Daniej, Jekvadorom, Tajvanem, Greciej, G vatem a loj, Indiej

  7. Technical feasibility of a concept radioactive waste disposal facility in Boom clay in the Netherlands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vardon, P.J.; Hicks, M.A.; Fokker, P.A.; Fokkens, J.H.

    2012-01-01

    Document available in extended abstract form only. The current management strategy in the Netherlands for radioactive waste is interim storage for approximately 100 years, followed by final deep geological disposal. At present, both Boom Clay and Salt formations are being considered and investigated via the OPERA (Onderzoeks Programma Eindberging Radioactief Afval) and CORA (Commissie Opberging Radioactief Afval) research programmes respectively, instigated by COVRA (Centrale Organisatie Voor Radioactief Afval). This paper outlines the on-going investigation into the initial technical feasibility of a high-level radioactive waste disposal facility, located within a stratum of Boom Clay, as part of the OPERA research programme. The feasibility study is based on the current Belgian Super-container concept, incorporating specific features relevant to the Netherlands, including the waste inventory and possible future glaciation. The repository is designed to be situated at approximately 500 m depth in a Boom Clay stratum of approximately 100 m thickness, and will co-host vitrified High Level Waste (HLW), spent fuel from research reactors, non-heat generating HLW, Low and Intermediate Level Waste (LILW) and depleted uranium. The total footprint is designed to be 3050 m by 1300 m, and will be segregated by waste type. The waste will be stored in drifts drilled perpendicular to the main galleries and will vary in length and diameter depending upon waste type. The repository life-cycle can be considered in three phases: (i) the pre-operation phase, including the conceptual development, site investigation and selection, design and construction; (ii) the operational phase, including waste emplacement and any period of time prior to closure; and (iii) the post-operational phase. The research on the technical feasibility of the repository will investigate whether the repository can be constructed and whether it is able to perform the appropriate safety functions and meet

  8. Monte Carlo analysis of radiative transport in oceanographic lidar measurements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cupini, E.; Ferro, G. [ENEA, Divisione Fisica Applicata, Centro Ricerche Ezio Clementel, Bologna (Italy); Ferrari, N. [Bologna Univ., Bologna (Italy). Dipt. Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale

    2001-07-01

    'interazione nel campo di vista dell'apparato ricevente del lidar fluorosensore. Cio' offre un mezzo efficace per la modellizzazione di un sistema lidar con vincoli geometrici realistici. Il modello semi analitico Montecarlo di trasporto radioattivo ottenuto, e' stato sviluppato nell'ambito del Programma Nazionale di Ricerche in Antartide (PNRA) ed e' previsto il suo utilizzo per l'analisi dei dati misurati sia a bordo di una nave avente sul ponte un lidar fluorosensore sia di un sistema installato su un veicolo sommergibile (ROV).

  9. E-Box. A residential gateway for cost saving and sustainability. Integration of Internet and ICT-networks for energy conservation services. Architecture and interface description of energy- and cost saving potential; E-Box. Een 'residential gateway' voor kostenbesparing en duurzaamheid. Integratie Internet en ICT-netwerken voor energiebesparingsdiensten. Architectuur en interface beschrijving Energie- en kostenbesparingspotentieel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamphuis, I.G. [ECN Duurzame Energie in de Gebouwde Omgeving DEGO, Petten (Netherlands)

    2003-01-01

    blijkt het optimaal koppelen van een datacommunicatie infrastructuur in de woning voor het uitwisselen van boodschappen tussen energie gebruikende systemen, naast een 'first-mile'-connectie met de buitenwereld voor het aanleveren van stuurinformatie, via bijvoorbeeld Internet, een essentiele randvoorwaarde. Uitgaande van de vereistenspecificatie wordt een mogelijke hardware en software architectuur besproken. Een intelligente 'gateway', de E-box, een intermediair, die de externe koppeling van het apparatennetwerk verzorgt, en tevens de sturing van apparaten via het netwerk in de woning op zich neemt, vervult in deze architectuur een sleutelrol. Aan de E-box kan ook een rol worden toegekend voor het meten en actief feedback geven over verbruiken, als aanvulling op of als vervanger voor de stroom- en/of gasmeter in een intelligente meterkast. De E-Box architectuur is in een werkend simulatie programma geimplementeerd. Tevens zijn de tijdsafhankelijke energiekarakteristieken (vraag, aanbod, co-generatie) van systemen in woningen gekarakteriseerd. Aan de hand daarvan is een aantal veelbelovende mogelijkheden van bedrijf van de E-box in kaart gebracht voor bedrijfsscenario's in de zomer- en de wintersituatie. In deze scenario's wordt voor verschuifbare vraag (elektriciteit, warmte) het aanbod van locale duurzame bronnen maximaal gebruikt. Er zijn tevens scenario varianten berekend, waarin de effecten van meer real-time energieprijzen dan de nu gebruikelijke vaste of hoog/laag tarieven, zijn meegenomen. Afhankelijk van de mate waarin de energieprijzen meer op deze marktontwikkelingen zijn afgebeeld, blijkt de kostenbesparing tot ongeveer 15% te kunnen oplopen. Worden ook mogelijkheden voor buffering van elektriciteit of tariefscenario's meegenomen op dagen, waarop de APX grote schommelingen vertoonde, dan is een kostenbesparing met nog eens een dergelijk percentage haalbaar. Tot slot komt het businessmodel en eventuele vermarkting van een E

  10. Planning of mobility and parking. The acting of the Urban Mobility Plan Pianificazione delle mobilità e sosta. L’attuazione del Piano Urbano di Mobilità

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Mazzeo

    2009-05-01

    Mobilità è l’ultimo nato tra questi ed è uno strumento prevalentemente strategico in quanto agisce sul sistema nel suo complesso ipotizzando una generale razionalizzazione ed evoluzione di reti e mezzi. L’articolo approfondisce i caratteri di questo strumento, a partire dalle previsioni legislative ed in relazione a specifici casi applicativi. In particolare, la prima parte analizza i concetti che sono alla base delle relazioni tra città, mobilità urbana e regolazione della sosta. Nella seconda parte si analizzano gli aspetti normativi, ossia il Piano Urbano della Mobilità, anche in relazione ad uno strumento che lo ha preceduto e che era specificamente indirizzato alla programmazione delle infrastrutture per la sosta, il Programma Urbano dei Parcheggi. La terza parte analizza due casi di applicazione dello strumento, relativi alle città di Ferrara e Perugia con lo scopo di evidenziare le diverse opzioni che si aprono davanti al pianificatore nel momento in cui è necessario applicare lo strumento teorico ad una specifica realtà urbana. Infine, nella quarta parte, sono messe in evidenza alcune delle tecniche e degli strumenti utilizzabili per la risoluzione del problema della sosta in relazione ai tipi di sosta, alle diverse modalità per la sua organizzazione e alle tecniche di gestione indirizzate a favorire comportamenti più corretti in relazione ai diversi ambiti urbani.

  11. New processing techniques for radioisotopes at Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Production de radioisotopes: nouvelles techniques employees au Laboratoire national d'Oak Ridge; Novye tekhnologicheskie metody polucheniya radioizotopov v Okridzhskoj natsional'noj laboratorii; Nuevos metodos de preparacion de radioisotopos aplicados en el Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Butler, T A; Lamb, E; Rupp, A F [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    1962-01-15

    combinacion de procedimientos de precipitacion y de extraccion con disolventes, se han podido recuperar cantidades de tecnecio-99 del orden de algunos gramos, a partir de desechos de productos de fision. La pureza quimica del tecnecio obtenido es superior al 99,9%, en tanto que su pureza radioquimica sobrepasa el 99.99%. Trabajando tambien con vestigios, se ha demostrado la posibilidad de separar y purificar por extraccion continua pequenas cantidades de estroncio contenidas en otros materiales. Se obtuvo estroncio de 98% de pureza a partir de un material contaminado por un 95% de calcio inerte. El estroncio se transforma en titanato de estroncio, con el que se elaboran elementos ceramicos. (author) [Russian] Novejshaya progressivnaya programma proizvodstva radioizotopov v Okridzhskoj natsional'noj laboratorii vklyuchaet novye tekhnologicheskie protsessy i uluchsheniya ikh dlya proizvodstva tseriya-144, prometiya-147, tekhnetsiya-99 i strontsiya-90. TSerij-144 byl proizveden v kolichestve neskol'kikh kilokyuri pri probnoj postanovke proizvodstva. Produkt byl rekuperirovan bolee chem na 98 protsentov pri chistote produkta svyshe 99 protsentov. Posle ehtogo tserij byl obrabotan dlya polucheniya chistoj okisi tseriya-144 v vide poroshka s kontsentratsiej aktivnosti v 235 kyuri na gramm. Poroshok spressovyvalsya v tabletki, kotorye spekalis' v vide plotnogo keramicheskogo tela. Prometij-147 byl proizveden v kolichestve neskol'kikh kilokyuri po metodu osazhdeniya sovmestno s metodom ionnogo obmena. Dlya otdeleniya prometiya-147 ot drugikh redkikh zemel' byl isprobovan v masshtabe indikatorov metod izvlecheniya rastvoritelem. Iz produktov deleniya v stoke otkhodnykh materialov bylo rekuperirovano neskol'ko grammov tekhnetsiya-99 pri pomoshchi protsessa osazhdeniya sovmestno s protsessom izvlecheniya rastvoritelem. Tekhnetsij byl poluchen bolee chem s 99,9-protsentnoj khimicheskoj chistotoj i s radiokhimicheskoj chistotoj bolee chem 99,99%. V masshtabe indikatorov byla dokazana

  12. Evaluation of gaseous emissions produced in the tests on the demonstration plant for sludge drying and incineration; Valutazione delle emissioni gassose prodotte nelle prove sull'impianto dimostrativo di essiccamento e di incenerimento di fanghi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lotito, V.; Spinosa, L.; Antonacci, R. [Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerca sulle Acque, Bari (Italy); Mininni, G. [Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerca sulle Acque, Rome (Italy)

    2001-03-01

    -current operation mode. This was depending on the excessive length of the drum designed also for counter-current mode, so that ashes melted in the first part solidify in the second part because of heat losses. In conclusion, plant operation resulted satisfactory, also under the environmental aspects, despite of the very severe test conditions, with high chlorine content and the presence of aromatic compounds and copper, which acts as catalyst in the novo-synthesis of dioxins. Incineration and co-incineration of sewage sludge and hazardous compounds were therefore demonstrated to be a safe and viable disposal option. [Italian] L' incenerimento dei fanghi di depurazione e' una valida altenativa ai sistemi utilizzati per lo smaltimento (utilizzazione agricola, discarica controllata) nei casi in cui si trovino difficolta' di applicazione per la presenza di inquinanti in concentrazione superiore ai limiti consentiti o per situazioni contingenti spesso non prevedibili. Tuttavia, esso puo' essere causa di emissione in atmosfera di microinquinanti inorganici (metalli pesanti) e organici (IPA, PCDD, PCDF), oltre che di materiale particolato e di ossidi di azoto e di carbonio (NO{sub x} e CO), e composti acidi; cio' ha ingenerato una forte avversione popolare che ha ostacolato la utilizzazione. L'Istituto di Ricerca sulle Acque del CNR ha pertanto realizzato, nell'area dell'impianto di depurazione di Bari Ovest, un impianto dimostrativo di incenerimento costituito essenzialmente da due forni, uno a letto fluido e uno a tamburo rotante, da un essiccatore, da un sistema di recupero termico e da una sezione di abbattimento delle polveri e degli altri macroinquinanti, e ha messo a punto un programma di ricerca per verificare la compatibilita' ambientale e il rispetto della normativa vigente nell'incenerimento dei fanghi con particolare riferimento alle emissioni di microinquinanti organici ed al destino dei metalli. I microinquinanti organici

  13. Pulsed-Source Experiments with Multiplying and Non-Multiplying Heavy Water Systems; Experiences a l'Aide de Sources Pulsees sur des Systemes Multiplicateurs et Non Multiplicateurs a Eau Lourde; Ehksperimenty s pul'siruyushchim istochnikom na nerazmnozhayushchikh i razmnozhayushchikh ustrojstvakh s tyazheloj vodoj; Experimentos con Fuentes Pulsadas en Sistemas de Agua Pesada Multiplicadores y No Multiplicadores

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Utzinger, E.; Heer, W.; Lutz, H. R. [Swiss Federal Institute for Reactor Research, Wuerenlingen (Switzerland)

    1965-10-15

    {sub 2}O. Los autores comparan los valores experimentales con los parametros de la teoria dedos grupos y examinan seguidamente las limitaciones de esta tecnica. Ademas, midieron directamente, utilizando los datos proporcionados por la 'cola' de neutrones retardados de los impulsos, los valores de la reactividad en sistemas acusadamente subcriticos con p Greater-Than-Or-Equal-To -40 dolares. Estos resultados concuerdan satisfactoriamente con los de las mediciones estaticas. (author) [Russian] Na podkriticheskom ustrojstve MINOR Shvejcarskogo federal'nogo instituta po reaktornym issledovanijam v Wuerenlingen osushhestvlena shirokaja programma izmerenij pri pomoshhi pul'sirujushhego istochnika tipa {sup 3}T(d,n){sup 4}He. Provedeny tri kategorii jeksperimentov dlja izmerenija: a) konstant raspada mgnovennyh nejtronov v estestvennyh i slegka obogashhennyh re- shetkah; b) urovnja reaktivnosti v podkriticheskom sostojanii pri pomoshhi raspada mgnovennyh nejtronov i hvostov zamedlennyh nejtronov v estestvennyh i slegka obogashhennyh reshetkah; i v) anizotropii diffuzionnoj konstanty teplovyh nejtronov v tjazheloj vode s pogruzhen- nym v nee raznym kolichestvom parallel'no raspolozhennyh pustyh trubok raznyh razmerov. Dlja kazhdogo ustrojstva potok teplovyh nejtronov, zavisjashhij ot vremeni, izmerjali v razlichnyh polozhenijah po vysote dlja poluchenija konstant raspada mgnovennyh nejtronov dlja razlichnyh osevyh laplasianov (analiz Fur'e) bez izmenenija vysoty dejstvitel'nogo urovnja tjazheloj vody. Jeksperimental'nye znachenija sravnivajutsja s teoreticheskimi dvu- gruppovymi parametrami. Obsuzhdajutsja nedostatki jetogo metoda. 'dopolnenie k jetomu putem ispol'zovanija hvosta zamedlennyh pul'sirujushhih nejtronov neposredstvennym obra- zom byla izmerena reaktivnost' v sil'no podkriticheskih sistemah s p Greater-Than-Or-Equal-To -40$. Rezul'taty sravnivajutsja so statisticheskimi izmerenijami, i oni dajut ves'ma horoshee sovpadenie. (author)

  14. Design and Infrastructure: the Transformations of Senigallia’s Interface among Town, Port and Canal Progetto e infrastruttura: le trasformazioni dell’interfaccia città-porto-canale a Senigallia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonella Falzetti

    2009-11-01

    enterprises, the topic of infrastructures plays a dominant role. The need to re-balance and re-establish a relationship with the town definitely requires a new planning of existing tracks, accesses, and relational spaces.Come altre realtà urbane di costa, anche Senigallia, nell’ultimo decennio, si colloca tra quelle città d’acqua, di medie dimensioni, attente a ridisegnare e riorganizzare gli spazi di interfaccia tra contesti urbani e gli ambiti delle attività fronte mare. Un tentativo di ricomporre una continuità tra le trame della città, le aree funzionali della costa e delle sponde e il sistema delle sue infrastrutture. Lo scenario morfologico che appare oggi, per Senigallia, racconta una città i cui confini si affermano sul fronte mare, variamente segnati dalla richiesta di protezione e difesa sulla linea della costa o viceversa incalzati, in tempi più recenti, dalle ragioni dello scambio e dei commerci. Una città divisa dalla cesura del fiume Misa, primaria infrastruttura lineare, che impone le leggi insondabili delle piene e dei reflussi mentre reclama gli strumenti per il controllo delle acque, una città spezzata dalla lacerazione imposta dalla linea ferrata, sistema dirompente ed escludente (per Senigallia e per lunga parte della costa adriatica. In questi termini il progetto, come campo di sperimentazione, si prefigura, insieme ad adeguate gestioni e controllo delle politiche urbane, come valido strumento tecnico-operativo per esplorare risposte progettuali in grado di ricucire l’apparente insanabile frattura che l’estraneità funzionale delle rive del fiumi o il degrado di coste malamente urbanizzate o infrastrutture non perfettamente integrate nella dinamica urbana hanno determinato. La registrazione da più parti di esperimenti progettuali che vanno in questa direzione ci avverte di un significativo cambiamento dei paradigmi progettuali applicabili alla realtà senigalliese inseriti in un vasto programma di riqualificazione da parte dell

  15. Determination of Fallout Radionuclides in Environmental Samples by Gamma-Ray Spectrometry; Mesure Spectrometrique Gamma des Radionucleides de Retombee Presents dans des Echantillons du Millieu; Opredelenie radioizotopov radioaktivnykh osadkov v probakh iz okruzhayushchej sredy pri pomoshchi spektrometrii gamma-luchej; Determinacion, por Espectrometria Gamma, de los Radionuclidos de Precipitaciones en Muestras del Medio Ambiente

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ward, G. M.; Johnson, J. E.; Wilson, D. W. [Department of Animal Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO (United States)

    1965-10-15

    neposredstvennoe opredelenie cezija-137 i drugih radioizotopov, to hranenie prob do raspada cirkonija-95 i niobija-95 (T1/2 - 65 sutok) i rutenija-103 (T1/2 - 40 sutok) daet vozmozhnost' opoznat' fotopiki ostavshihsja radioizotopov. Cezij-137 i marganec-54 mogut byt' otdeleny himicheskim sposobom putem rastvorenija prob v koncentrirovannom rastvore NaOH (cezij-137 iz radio- aktivnyh osadkov rastvorjaetsja polnost'ju tol'ko v sil'nyh shhelochnyh rastvorah) i fil'tro- vanija, chto daet vozmozhnost' udalit' okolo 95% cirkonija-95 i niobija-95. Vymyvanie koncentratov dozhdevoj vody iz kolonki pri pomoshhi odnomoljarnoj NH4 N03 kolichestvenno vydeljaet cezij-137 i jeffektivnym obrazom otdeljaet aktivnost' cirkonija-95 i niobija-95 ot aktivnosti marganca-54. Posle togo, kak vse fotopiki oyli vyjavleny lioo posredstvom raspada, lioo po- sredstvom himicheskogo otdelenija, dal'nejshee kolichestvennoe opredelenie kazhdogo radio- izotopa stanovitsja vozmozhnym posredstvom kalibrovki pri pomoshhi k a zh d o g o izotopa i podscheta komptonovskogo jeffekta kazhdogo iz nih. Poluchennye uravnenija byli resheny na schetno-reshajushhem ustrojstve IBM 1620, i byla sostavlena programma dlja razreshenija problemy koncentracii kazhdogo iz devjati upomjanutyh vyshe radioizotopov. Ta zhe samaja programma byla ispol'zovana dlja opredelenija soderzhanija cezija-137i kalija-40 v moloke, mjase i moche, chto predstavljaetsja bolee prostym sposobom i osushhestvimo s men'shimi po- greshnostjami. (author)

  16. International Project on the Irradiation of Fruit and Fruit Juices; Projet International d'Irradiation des Fruits et des Jus de Fruits; Mezhdunarodnyj simpozium po voprosam oblucheniya pishchevykh produktov; Proyecto Internacional de Irradiacion de Frutas y Zumos de Fruta

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaindl, K. [Institute of Biology and Agriculture, Reaktorzentrum, Seibersdorf (Austria)

    1966-11-15

    problemoj javljaetsja sokrashhenie dozy nastol'ko, naskol'ko jeto vozmozhno. Sokrashhenie poter' sostavnymi jelementami pishhevyh produktov svoih svojstv v rezul'tate obluchenija oznachaet organolepticheskoe kachestvo, sohranenie vkusovyh i pitatel'nyh kachestv i jekonomichnost' tehnologii. Fruktovyj sok byl vybran v kachestve modeli veshhestva dlja fundamental'nyh issledovanij v svjazi so sledujushhim: a) ego sostavnye jelementy predstavleny v bol'shinstve pishhevyh produktov; b) ego sostavnye jelementy mogut byt' legko otdeleny; v) mikroorganizmami, vyzyvajushhimi porchu fruktovyh sokov, javljajutsja drozhzhi, kotorye byli podvergnuty obshirnym issledovanijam; g) jetot vopros predstavljaet cennost' s jekonomicheskoj tochki zrenija. Programma dolzhna vkljuchat' tri aspekta issledovanij: Osnovnye issledovanija. Oni posvjashheny v osnovnom voprosam chuvstvitel'nosti mikroorganizmov k radioaktivnym lucham; v sluchae s fruktovymi sokami imejutsja v vidu drozhzhi i opredelennyj vid rasprostranennoj pleseni. Issledovanija voprosov tehnologii. Na osnove rezul'tatov teoreticheskih issledovanij byli provedeny issledovanija otnositel'no prakticheskoj osushhestvimosti s tochki zrenija tehnologii, vkljuchaja voprosy organoleptiki i mikrobiologii, analizy letuchih i neletuchih veshhestv. Rezul'taty, kasajushhiesja jablochnogo soka, javljajutsja mnogoobeshhajushhimi. Ispytanija, kasajushhiesja vkusovyh i pitatel'nyh kachestv. Issledovanija voprosov korm lenija zhivotnyh provodilis' na krysah, myshah i svin'jah; oni byli nachaty s opredelenija kolichestva jablok i jablochnogo soka, kotorye mogut s{sup e}st' zhivotnye. Byli kul'tivirovany kul'tury tkanej dlja biologicheskoj zashhity produktov degradacii Oborudovanie dlja obluchenija. Ustanovka po oblucheniju novoj konstrukcii moshhnost'ju okolo 30 000 - 40 000 kjuri i ustanovka moshhnost'ju 10 000 kjuri s' ispol'zovaniem kobal'ta-60 nahodjatsja v stadii stroitel'stva. (author)

  17. Parking Policies in Tourist Cities Politiche della sosta in città turistiche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Anna La Rocca

    2009-05-01

    miglioramento delle condizioni di spostamento e per garantire buoni livelli di sicurezza stradale. La realizzazione di strutture per la sosta in ambito urbano, invece, è regolamentata dal programma urbano dei parcheggi introdotto alla fine degli anni ottanta. All’interno di tali strumenti, le indicazioni relative alla predisposizione di specifiche aree da destinare alla sosta turistica occupa un ruolo marginale. La totalità delle indicazioni relative alla mobilità turistica fanno riferimento a due tipi di interventi: –istituzione di una zona a traffico limitato per la circolazione dei bus turistici; –individuazione delle aree di sosta breve dove è consentito ai visitatori di scendere o salire dal bus. In relazione alla sosta, le indicazioni si riferiscono alla individuazione di aree urbane o di assi stradali dove viene consentito lo stazionamento temporaneo. Molto raramente, per quel che riguarda la situazione italiana nelle principali città turistiche, gli interventi prevedono la realizzazione di specifiche strutture integrate al trasporto pubblico o a modalità di spostamento sostenibile che garantirebbero una migliore distribuzione dei flussi turistici consentendo al contempo al visitatore differenti modalità di visita con positivi effetti anche sulla percezione della visita. Nel tentativo di dimostrare come gli interventi finalizzati alla realizzazione di aree per la sosta dei bus turistici possano essere strumenti di riqualificazione fisica e funzionale della città, l’articolo nella prima parte si focalizza sulla definizione delle caratteristiche della domanda di spostamento turistico in ambito urbano. Nella seconda parte, attraverso una panoramica delle politiche della sosta urbana in Italia si evidenzia la carenza di interventi finalizzati alla realizzazione di una rete per la sosta turistica integrata all’offerta di servizi urbani. Nella parte conclusiva si individuano gli elementi che consentirebbero alle aree di sta di porsi come aree di qualit

  18. Hanford High-Level Waste Management; Gestion des Dechets de Haute Activite a Hanford; 041e 0411 0420 0410 0411 041e 0422 041a 0410 0412 042b 0421 041e 041a 041e 0420 0410 0414 0418 041e 0410 041a 0422 0418 0412 041d 042b 0425 041e 0422 0425 041e 0414 041e 0412 0412 0425 042d 041d 0424 041e 0420 0414 0415 ; Tratamiento y Evacuacion de Desechos de Elevada Radiactividad en Hanford

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tomlinson, R. E. [Hanford Laboratories, General Electric Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1963-02-15

    tanques subterraneos. Como esta operacion solo se considera provisional, se esta llevando activa mente a la practica un programa encaminado a reducir la movilidad de los materiales almacenados a fin de mejorar el confinamiento a largo plazo. En los actuales tanques subterraneos, se evaporaran hasta obtener tortas de sal grandes volumenes de desechos de desenvainado que en esencia no son autocalentadores. Los estudios de laboratorio y los primeros ensayos efectuados en un tanque de 5 000 gal demuestran que el paso de una corriente de aire caliente a traves de la solucion, junto con una carbonatacion controlada para transformar elhidroxidodesodio libre en carbonato de sodio, permite eliminar bastante agua para formar una torta de sal no higroscopica. Los desechos auto- calentadores se fraccionaran para poder almacenar por separado los emisores de periodo largo en pequenos recipientes de gran solidez. Estos materiales podrian aprovecharse en casos especiales. Despues de que los emisores autocalentadores de periodo corto se hayan ''friado''urante 5 a 10 a, los desechos salinos residuales se combinaran con los desechos corrientes de desvainado y se evaporaran para formar tortas de sal. Para llevar a cabo el tratamiento quimico necesario, se estan introduciendo ciertas modificaciones en un antiguo edificio con pasillos blindados. Probablemente se recurrira a la extraccion por solvente (D2EHPA) para separar el estroncio y el cerio de los desechos acidos; aun no se ha decidido si la aislacion del cesio se efectuara mediante extraccion por solventes, el intercambio ionico o la precipitacion. Se confia que la operacion completa podra llevarse a cabo alrededor de 1966. (author) [Russian] Za 17 let v Hjenforde dostignuta vysokaja stepen' bezopasnosti hranenija vysokoradioaktivnyh othodov v vide shhelochnyh shlammov v podzemnyh bakah pri sravnitel'no nevysokoj stoimosti. V nastojashhee vremja osushhestvljaetsja programma sokrashhenija podvizhnosti hranimyh materialov dlja dostizhenija

  19. Theory of Radioisotope Scanning; Theorie de l'Exploration au Moyen d'un Radioisotope; Matematicheskaya osnova radioizotopnogo skennirovaniya; Teoria de la Exploracion Radioisotopica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brownell, G. L. [Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States)

    1964-10-15

    optimal'nogo razreshenija i soderzhanija h raspredelenija radioizotopov. Radioijeotopnoe skennirovanie mozhno rassmatrivat' kak process sbora informacii i predstavlenija dannyh. Pervichnaja informacija zavisit ot pervonachal'nogo raspredele- nija radioizotopov. Kollimator i sistema detektirovanija obespechivajut mehanizm pereda- chi informacii, a okonchatel'naja skennogramma daet rezul'tirujushhuju informaciju. V sluchae primenenija vseh jetih metodov lish' nebol'shaja chast' informacii popadaet na okonchatel'nuju skennogrammu. Mozhno videt', chto dlja sistemy fokusirujushhego kollimatora i scintilljacionnoj ka- mery chislo otschetov na ploshhad' razreshenija kolebletsja kak chetvertaja stepen' rasstojanija razreshenija. Dlja nekotoryh vidov raspredelenija izotopov mozhno poluchit' analiticheski optimal'nuju velichinu rasstojanija razreshenija. Odnako dlja bol'shinstva sistem optimal'- noe razreshenie dolzhno opredeljat'sja opytnym putem i s pogreshnostjami. Nastojashhie prob- lemy analogichny problemam rasshifrovki snimkov v drugih oblastjah. Programma vychisli- tel'noj mashiny byla podgotovlena s tem, chtoby sodejstvovat' opredeleniju optimal'nogo razreshenija dlja razlichnyh modelej. Nastojashhaja vychislitel'naja mashina javljaetsja unikal'noj, poskol'ku v nej imeetsja promezhutochnyj otsek dlja diska i dlja schityvanija jelektronno-luchevoj trubki. Rezul'taty primenimy k konstrukcii mnogih skennirujushhih sistem. (author)

  20. High-dilution on-stream isotopic tracer techniques; Emploi d'indicateurs radioactifs tres dilues pour le controle les courants; Metody primeneniya sil'no razbavlennykh v potokakh izotopnykh indikatorov; Empleo de indicadores radiactivos muy diluidos en el control de corrientes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnston, W H; Findeis, A F; Vestal, M [William H . Johnston Laboratories, Inc., Baltimore, MD (United States)

    1962-01-15

    , svyazyvayushchie trebuemye urovni kontsentratsii indikatorov, pribornoe oborudovanie, ehffektivnost' detektorov, trebuemuyu statisticheskuyu nadezh- nost', zhelatel'nuyu prodolzhitel'nost' vremeni, udelyaemogo na izmerenie obraztsa i fona, skorost' techeniya potoka i kharakter radioizotopnogo indikatora. EHti uravneniya predstavleny graficheski i dayut vozmozhnost' legko vybrat' nuzhnuyu dlya togo ili inogo primeneniya kontsentratsiyu indikatora. Razbiraetsya programma vzyatiya obraztsov dlya primeneniya indikatorov v shirokom masshtabe v voprosakh izucheniya ustojchivogo sostoyaniya i pul'siruyushchikh vpuskov. V poslednem sluchae smeshivanie v prodol'nom napravlenii traktuetsya po teorii koehffitsientov vikhrevoj diffuzii. Iskhodya iz nekotorykh predpolozhitel'nykh parametrov, mozhno opredelit' rasstoyanie, na kotorom mozhno obnaruzhit' indikator, i moment, kogda indikator vpervye dokhodit do mesta zamera, v funktsii ot rasstoyaniya mezhdu mestom vpuska indikatora i mestom vzyatiya obraztsa. Dlya mecheniya potokov sil'no razbavlennymi radioizotopami s pomoshch'yu beta-izluchatelej primenyayutsya detektory v vide bol'shikh schetchikov nizkogo urovnya s trubkami, zapolnennymi gazom, fol'ga-potochnye schetchiki i plasticheskie stsintillyatory. Opisyvayutsya novye schetchiki antisovpadenij. Podcherkivayutsya preimushchestva ehkranirovaniya materialami s nizkim atomnym chislom. Ukazyvayutsya novejshie dostizheniya v schete pri pomoshchi ustojchivykh rabotayushchikh na tranzistorakh ehlektronnykh ustrojstv nizkogo urovnya. Opisyvayutsya novyj usilitel' i novyj tunnel'nyj summiruyushchij diodnyj kontur. Dayutsya primery neskol'kikh novykh primenenij sil'no razbavlennykh indikatorov v potokakh dlya razresheniya problemy opoznavaniya istochnika zagryazneniya v rekakh i ruch'yakh. (author)

  1. Sb{sup III} - Sb{sup V} Exchange Reaction in Hydrochloric: Acid Solutions; Echange Sb{sup III}-Sb{sup V} dans des Solutions d'Acide Chlorhydrique; Reaktsiya obmena Sb(III) - Sb(V) v rastvorakh khloristovodorodnoj kisloty; Intercambio Sb{sup III}-Sb{sup V} en Soluciones de HCl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kambara, T.; Yamaguchi, K.; Yasuba, S. [Shizuoka University, Shizuoka City (Japan)

    1965-10-15

    v rastvorah sur'my ((Sb{sup III}) = (Sb{sup V}) = 6,8 * 10{sup -4} M) menjalas' ot 0,8 do 4,0 M, i period poluobmena byl izmeren putem vyvedenija logarifma (1-F) po otnosheniju ko vremeni dlja rascheta skorosti obmena v predpolozhenii reakcii vtorogo porjadka. Bylo obnaruzheno, chto skorost' obmena rezko vozrastaet s vozrastaniem koncentracii HCl (pri 25 Degree-Sign S ot 0,8 do 2,0 M) i pri 2,0 M koncentracii HCl skorost' dostigaet maksimuma, posle kotorogo skorost' padaet s uvelicheniem koncentracii HCl (pri 25 Degree-Sign S ot 2,0 do 4,0 M). Pri issledovanijah byli ispol'zovany dve raznovidnosti Sbv, to est' odna byla ispol'zovana neposredstvenno posle razvedenija rastvora 10 M HCl Sbv vodoj i drugaja - posle 24 chasov otstaivanija pri komnatnoj temperature iz rastvora. V oboih sluchajah maksimal'nye sko- rosti byli obnaruzheny pri koncentracii 2,0 M HCl. Skorost' R{sub 1} dlja pervoj (neposred- stvenno posle razbavlenija) sostavila 4,5 * 10{sup -6} mol' litr{sup -1} min{sup -1}, i skorost' R{sub 2} dlja vtoroj (otstaivalas' v techenie 24 chasov) byla 1,2 * 10{sup -6} mol' litr{sup -1} min{sup -1} . Energija aktivacii dlja ukazannyh sluchaev ravnjalas' 12,2 kkal/mol' i 19,1 kkal/mol'. Pri pomoshhi spektrofoto- metricheskih issledovanij bylo obnaruzheno, chto raznovidnosti Sb{sup V} pervogo tipa sostojat glavnym obrazom,iz SbClg, a raznovidnosti vtorogo tipa - iz SbCl(OH){sup -}{sub 2} i t . d . Pomimo jetih faktov bylo obnaruzheno, chto forma raznovidnostej Sb{sup III} ne okazyvaet nikakogo vlijanija na skorost' obmena. Bolee rezkoe vozrastanie skorosti obmena otmechalos', kogda koncentracija HCl v ras- tvore sur'my byla 0,8 M, a koncentracija hlorida byla uvelichena do 3,0 M s dobavleniem LiCl. Primechatel'no, chto pochti linejnoe i rezkoe uvelichenie skorosti otmechalos' do kon- centracii hlorida 2,0 M. Jeti fakty, poluchennye pri postojannoj koncentracii vodorodnyh ionov, navodjat na mysl', chto atomy hlorida igrajut rol' mostikovyh atomov v obrazovanii

  2. Thermal Neutron Spectral and Spatial Distributions in Light-Water-Moderated Uranium Lattices; Distributions Spectrale et Spatiale des Neutrons Thermiques dans des Reseaux a Uranium et a Eau Leger; Spektral'noe i prostranstvennoe raspredelenie teplovykh nejtronov v uranovykh reshetkakh s vodnym zamedlitelem; Distribuciones Espectral y Espacial de los Neutrones Termicos en los Reticulados de Uranio Moderados por Agua Ligera

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hardy, J.; Volpe, J. J.; Klein, D.; Schmidt, E.; Gelbard, E. [Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    1964-02-15

    razlichnymi priblizhenijami k teorii perenosa i integral'nomu jadru rassejanija terlovyh nejtronov. Pervaja serija opytov zakljuchaetsja v izmerenii blok-jeffektov teplovyh nejtronov v raz- nyh jachejkah reshetki sborki TRH, reaktora s vodnym zamedlitelem na slegka obogashhennom urane s cilindricheskimi toplivnymi jelementami, raspolozhennymi po geksagonal'noj sisteme. Sravnivalis' dannye ob ispol'zovanii teplovyh nejtronov s dannymi, poluchennymi v Monte Karlo. Primenjalis' funkcii Radkovskogo i Nelkina. Funkcija vlijanija Radkovskogo daet priblizhenie pervogo porjadka, shiroko ispol'zuemoe pri proektirovanii reaktorov. Funk- cija vlijanija Nelkina predstavljaet soboj bolee novoe i bolee podrobnoe opisanie integral'- nogo jadra rassejanija. Poskol'ku raschetnye znachenija pogloshhenija teplovyh nejtronov zavisjat ot vybora in- tegral'nogo jadra rassejanija, v osobennosti esli jeto ne maksvellovskij spektr potokov nej- tronov, drugaja serija opytov po izmereniju aktivacii na sborke TRH prednaznachalas' dlja bolee neposredstvennogo opredelenija integral'nogo jadra rassejanija. Opyty provodilis' v uslovijah, pri kotoryh iskazhenie spektra v osnovnom vyzyvalos' ravnomernym otravleniem. Izmerenija provodilis' v zapolnennoj vodoj trubke diametrom 10sm v reshetke TRX. Stenka trubki byla napolnena poroshkom B{sup 10}, jeffektivno razryvaja svjaz' mezhdu vnutrennej poverh- nost'ju trubki i reshetkoj reaktora pri jenergii nizhe 10 kjev. Otnositel'nye znachenija aktivacii teplovymi nejtronami i radial'nye konfiguracii chuvstvitel'nyh v otnoshenii spektrov detektorov izmerjalis' v dvuh sluchajah s polucheniem sootvetstvenno pochti maksvellovskogo spektra (dlja chistoj vody) i spektra, sil'no iskazhen- nogo v rezul'tate otravlenija kadmiem. Dlja jetogo opyta raschety s kazhdoj funkciej provodilis' v gruppe jenergii 12 s pribli- zheniem P{sub 3} . V rezul'tate rascheta sobstvennyh znachenij prostranstvennyh form, jeksponen- cial'no raspadajushhihsja v letargii, kotorye podderzhivajutsja v

  3. A Kinetic Description of the Van Hove Correlation Functions; Description Cinetique des Fonctions de Correlation de Van Hove; 041a 0418 041d 0415 0422 0418 0427 0415 0421 041a 041e 0415 041e 041f 0418 0421 0410 041d 0418 0415 0424 0423 041d 041a 0426 0418 0419 041a 041e 0420 0420 0415 041b 042f 0426 0418 0418 0412 0410 041d 0413 041e 0412 0415 ; Descripcion Cinetica de las Funciones de Correlacion de Van Hove

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nelkin, M.; Van Leeuwen, J. M.J.; Yip, S. [Cornell University Ithaca N.Y. (United States)

    1965-06-15

    linearizirovannogo uravnenija Bol'cmana, vkljuchajushhego popravki na nepolnye stolknovenija. Esli prenebrech' jetimi popravkami, to sootvetstvujushhee uravnenie dlja F(r, p,t) stanovitsja linearizirovannym uravneniem Bol'cmana v tom vide, v kotorom ono ispol'zuetsja v teorii rasprostranenija zvuka v gazah. Sootvetstvujushhee uravnenie dlja F{sub s} (r, p, t) stanovitsja uravneniem dlja perenosa nejtronov. Poskol'ku izvestno, chto jeti uravnenija imejut pravil'nyj gidrodinamicheskij predel, pojetomu legko vyvoditsja dlinnovolnovaja harakteristika G(r,t) i G{sub s}(r, t). Kineticheskie uravnenija neposredstvenno primenimy tol'ko k razbavlennym sistemam. Odnako oni prigodny dlja sistematicheskogo izuchenija dinamicheskih korreljacij. Sushhestvennym razlichiem mezhdu jetimi dvumja uravnenijami javljaetsja nalichie protivorechivyh invariantnyh velichin. V uravnenii, opredeljajushhem F(r,p, t), invariantami javljajutsja kolichestvo chast tic, impul's i jenergija, v to vremja kak v uravnenii, opredeljajushhem F{sub s}(r,p,t), tol'ko kolichestvo chastic javljaetsja invariantom. Vvidu togo, chto v jetih dvuh sluchajah snizhenie nulevogo sobstvennogo znachenija svjazannyh operatorov stolknovenija ne odinakovo, gidrodinamicheskie uravnenija, sootvetstvujushhie G(r,t) i G{sub s}(r,t) ne imejut odinakovoj formy. Znachenija jetih dvuh opisanij demonstrirujutsja raschetami modelej v plane prostyh priblizhenij oslablenija. V rezul'tate rascheta G{sub s}(r,t) vyvoditsja funkcija korreljacii s negaussovymi jeffektami, kotorye podobny v kachestvennom otnoshenii, no bolee vyrazitel'ny, chem jeffekty, rasschitannye Ramanom pri izuchenii molekuljarnoj dinamiki v zhidkom argone. V nastojashhee vremja izuchaetsja vopros o bolee usovershenstvovannoj obrabotke integrala stolknovenij. Raschet G(r,t) svidetel'stvuet o nalichii predpolagaemyh jeffektov teplovoj diffuzii i rasprostranenii zatuhajushhih zvukovyh voln pri bol'shoj dline voln, i takoj raschet otlichaetsja ot obychnogo gidrodinamicheskogo opisanija

  4. Determination of the Uranium Content of Aluminium Alloys; Determination de la Teneur en Uranium dans les Alliages a Base d'Aluminium; Opredelenie soderzhaniya urana v splavakh na osnove alyuminiya; Determinacion del Contenido de Uranio en las Aleaciones a Base de Aluminio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gerard, J.; Van Hove, L. [S.A. Metallurgie et Mecanique Nucleaires Dessel (Belgium)

    1965-09-15

    trebuet sobljudenija mer predostorozhnosti, a ih razrabotka javljaetsja medlennym i dorogostojashhim processom. No dlja dannoj produkcii, kak tol'ko budet sdelan vybor, edinstvennym prakticheskim zatrudneniem okazhetsja nabljudenie za jelektronnoj ustojchivost'ju ustanovki. Drugie vysheukazannye metody, a imenno himicheskie i izotopnye analizy i densito- metricheskie izmerenija, obychno ne primenjajutsja. Izmerenie potemnenija radiograficheskogo snimka ne javljaetsja nedostatochno tochnym i ne pozvoljaet opredeljat' soderzhanie urana s zhelaemoj tochnost'ju. Tem ne menee, densitometricheskie issledovanija radiograficheskih snimkov javljajutsja ochen' poleznymi, a chasto i neobhodimymi dlja ocenki gomogennosti splava ili ego srednego soderzhanija, sravnimogo s dvumja krajnimi jetalonami, imejushhimisja na tom zhe snimke. Himicheskie i izotopnye analizy mogut byt' ochen' tochnymi, no oni javljajutsja razrushitel'nymi. Opredelennye jekspluatacionnye predostorozhnosti dolzhny byt' prinjaty, chtoby, s odnoj storony, ustranit' oshibki, obuslovlennye nalichiem himicheskih primesej v splave, a s drugoj-uchest' nalichie razlichnyh izotopov urana, v otnoshenii kotoryh neobhodimo znat' sootnoshenie dlja tochnogo rascheta soderzhanija urana-235. V zakljuchenie govoritsja, chto izmerenie soderzhanija urana neobhodimo provodit' v neskol'ko jetapov s ispol'zovaniem vseh otnositel'no prostyh metodov. Ukazyvaetsja na znachenie i predely kazhdogo jetapa. Vybor jetalonov osnovan na izuchenii radiograficheskih snimkov. Izmerenie tochnogo soderzhanija urana-235 provoditsja na osnove himicheskih i izotopnyh analizov. Kontrol' v promyshlennom masshtabe osushhestvljaetsja putem izmerenija plotnosti splava ili po urovnju gamma-izluchenija urana-235. Tochnost' oboih metodov sravnima (otnositel'no {+-}0,5%). S jekonomicheskoj tochki zrenija rekomenduetsja provodit' opredelenie soderzhanija putem scheta gamma-chastic v sluchae neobhodimosti provedenija bol'shoj serii issledovanij na predmetah

  5. Theoretical and Applied Aspects of Radiation D-Values for Spores of Clostridium Botulinum; Aspects Theoriques et Pratiques des Valeurs D de Rayonnement Appliquees aux Spores de Clostridium Botulinum; Teoreticheskie i prikladnye aspekty koehffitsienta izlucheniya odlya spor Clostridium Botulinum; Aspectos Teoricos y Practicos de los Valores D para Esporas del Clostridium Botulinum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grecz, N. [Biophysics Laboratory, Illinois Institute Of Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)

    1966-11-15

    pishhevyh produktov. Obshirnye dannye, imejushhiesja v laboratorii, pokazali, chto: 1) znachenie kojefficienta D{sub 10} opredelennogo vida zavisit ot temperatury, sredy i razmera spor i 2) sushhestvenno razlichnye znachenija kojefficienta D mogut byt' polucheny v zavisimosti ot metoda rascheta i neizvestnyh variacij v razlichnyh jeksperimentah. Jeta informacija obespechivaet osnovu dlja pereocenki koncepcii 12 x D. Pokazano, chto temperatura'vo vremja obluchenija mozhet vozdejstvovat' na kosvennye vlijanija radikalov: 1) na obrazovanie, 2) na himicheskuju reaktivnost', 3) na stepen' razrushenija i 4) na diffuziju, osobenno vo vremja perehoda sredy iz zhidkogo sostojanija v tverdoe pri temperature primerno 0 Degree-Sign S. Kombinacija jetih vlijanij v zavisimosti ot temperatury ob'jasnjaet, pochemu spory naibolee chuvstvitel'ny, kogda oni obluchajutsja pri temperature 0 Degree-Sign S, po sravneniju s bolee vysokimi ili nizkimi temperaturami. Krome ee vlijanija na radikaly, temperatura takzhe vlijaet neposredstvenno na osnovnye, misheni (DNK). Jeto zatragivaet vibracionnoe sostojanie, a takzhe i stepen' gidratacii molekul DNK. Ochevidnaja gidratacija DNK svja zana s diapazonom dejstvija kosvennyh vlijanij, kotoryj mozhet byt' vychislen dlja C.botulinum 33 A, chtoby dobavit' 30 A k radiusu DNK (10,5 A), t.e. pochti v tri raza bol'she vlijanija obluchenija. Jeto izmenenie v radiochuvstvitel'nom ob'eme otrazhaetsja sootvetstvujushhim izmeneniem v znachenii D{sub 37} ot 1,6 x 10{sup 5} rad dlja suhoj spory do 6,6 x 10{sup 4} rad dlja vlazhnoj spory. Suspenzirujushhaja sreda mozhet byt' libo okonchatel'noj dlja radikalov, tak, naprimer, bol'shinstvo produktov i mikrobiologicheskih sred javljajutsja raskisliteljami radikalov, libo ona mozhet sposobstvovat' obrazovaniju vrednyh radikalov, tak naprimer, fosfatnyj buffer obrazuet fosfatnuju kislotu, kislorod obrazuet perekisnye i pergidridnye radikaly. Izmenenie znachenij D{sub 10} otdel'nogo vida, vyzvannye razlichnymi

  6. A Survey of the Fuel Cycles Operated in the United Kingdom; Etude d'ensemble sur les cycles de combustible au Royaume-Uni; Obzor toplivnykh tsiklov, ispol'zuemykh v soedinennom korolevstve; Estudio de los ciclos de combustible utilizados en el Reino Unido

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allday, C. [United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, Risley, Warrington, Lancs (United Kingdom)

    1963-10-15

    protsessa head-end, kotoryj budet vveden na zavode po otdeleniyu okisi magniya v Uindskejle . Obogashchennyj uran dlya ehtogo reaktora proizvoditsya v Soedinennom Korolevstve. Diffuzionnyj zavod nakhoditsya v Kapenkherste. Al'ternativoj dlya obogashchennoj okisi urana v kachestve topliva yavlyaetsya plutonij, obogashchennyj okis'yu prirodnogo urana. V doklade soderzhitsya opisanie opyta po proizvodstvu okisi, yavlyayushchejsya toplivom dlya usovershenstvovannogo reaktora s gazovym okhlazhdeniem, ehkspluatatsionnogo opyta raboty na reaktore, poluchennogo do oikh por, i planov po pererabotke topliva. Rassmatrivaetsya vopros ob al'ternativnom ispol'zovanii plutonievogo topliva i ego vliyanii na stoimost' i toplivnyj tsikl. Nakonets, v doklade ukazyvaetsya mesto reaktora ''Magnoks'' i usovershenstvovannykh reaktorov AGR v ehnergeticheskoj programme Soedinennogo Korolevstva. (author)

  7. Present Status of Nitrogen Fixation by Reactor Radiation; Etat Actuel des Recherches sur l'oxydation directe de l'azote sous irradiation dans des reacteurs; Sovremennoe sostoyani opytov po okisleniyu azota izlucheniem iz reaktorov; Estado actual de las investigaciones sobre fijacion del nitrogeno por irradiacion en reactores

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harteck, P; Dondes, S [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY (United States)

    1960-07-15

    fision liberada en las fibras de vidrio y de la resistencia termica del circuito. Otro circuito, que habra de funcionar a 50 - 75 atmosferas y 600{sup o}C se encuentra en curso de construccion. Estos circuitos permitiran evaluar las caracteristicas de un sistema continuo, incluido el comportamient o de los productos de fision liberados en la corriente gaseosa. Los autores distinguen tres fases en la cinetica compleja de la oxidacion del nitrogeno: reacciones iniciales en el sistema;, reacciones subsiguientes a la fijacion de cierta cantidad de nitrogeno y, por ultimo, cinetica del equilibrio alcanzado en presencia de radiaciones. Se estudian las condiciones necesarias para la formacion de N{sub 2}0{sub 5}, N{sub 2}0{sub 4} y O{sub 3}, asi como los efectos que ejercen sobre el proceso en conjunto. (author) [Russian] Pri issledovaniyakh okisleniya azota izlucheniem iz reaktorov, kotorye proizvodilis ' v Rensselerovskom institute i v Brukkhejvenskoj natsional'noj laboratorii v techenie ryada let, byla ispol'zovana, v kachestve neposredstvennogo ioniziruyushchego izlucheniya, ehnergiya otdachi oskolkov deleniya putem rasseyaniya urana-235 v steklyannom volokne diametrom priblizitel'no v 5 mikronov. Bylo opredeleno vliyanie temperatury, davleniya i sootnosheniya mezhdu kolichestvom azota i kolichestvom kisloroda na velichinu radiatsionno-khimicheskogo vykhoda G na okislenie azota i rezul'taty byli soobshcheny v tekhnicheskoj literature. Nizhe daetsya kratkaya svodka ehtoj raboty. Upomyanutaya vyshe rabota proizvodilas' nad staticheskimi sistemami ; nedavno proizvedennaya rabota okhvatyvala kak staticheskie, tak i tsiklicheskie sistemy. V staticheskikh sistemakh glavnoe vnimanie obrashchalos' na vliyanie intensivnosti izlucheniya, v osobennosti v sostoyanii kineticheskogo ravnovesiya izlucheniya. Bylo ustanovleno, chto obrazovanie N0{sub 2}. i N{sub 2}0 V smesyakh azota i kisloroda v proportsiyakh 4:1 i 2: 1 proiskhodit do polnogo istoshcheniya yusloroda. TSiklicheskaya

  8. The Role of Non-Destructive Testing in the Los Alamos Reactor Programme; Role des Essais Non Destructifs dans le Programme de Reacteurs de los Alamos; Rol' nedestruktivnykh ispytanij materialov v Los-Alamosskoj reaktornoj programme; Papel de los Metodos de Ensayo No Destructivo en el Programa de Reactores de Los Alamos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tenney, G. H. [University of California, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    1965-10-15

    prokatannogo lista iz slitka. Osushhestvljalsja takzhe kontrol' za svarnymi shvami. Byl razrabotan metod proverki potenciala jelektroda dlja kontrolja zolotyh poverhnostej dlja obnaruzhenija soderzhashhihsja zagrjaznenij. Osnovnaja koncepcija LARJeRP (Los-Alamosskij reaktornyj jeksperiment s rasplavlennym plutoniem) zakljuchaetsja v ispol'zovanii v kachestve topliva skoree zhidkogo, chem tverdogo metallicheskogo plutonija. Tantalovye kapsuly soderzhali toplivo. Byli ispol'zovany novye metody kontrolja bez razrushenija dlja proverki prochnosti osnovnogo materiala i svarok vo vremja proizvodstva kapsul, a takzhe dlja izuchenija kapsul, zapolnennyh plutoniem do, vo vremja i posle kontrolja metodom ohlazhdennoj plavki. Za jeksperimentom po perekachke rasplavlennogo plutonija nabljudali s pomoshh'ju radiograficheskih metodov, vkljuchaja gamma- luchi, svjazannye s konturom televedenija. Dlja RJeUVT (Reaktornyj jeksperiment pri ul'tra-vysokojtemperature), kotoryj v nastojashhee vremja nahoditsja v stadii stroitel'stva, byli provedeny mikroradiograficheskie i jelektronno-mikroskopicheskie issledovanija na sharikah diametrom 150 mikron iz karbida urana, pokrytyh pirouglerodom, dlja ocenki migracii urana kak funkcija temperatury. Kolichestvo i odnorodnosti uranovoj zagruzki v grafitovyh jelementah RJeUVT opredeljajutsja s pomoshh'ju special'no skonstruirovannyh scintilljacionnyh schetchikov. Primerno 90% raboty po jetoj teme ranee ne bylo opublikovano. (author)

  9. Biological Monitoring for Plutonium-241; Detection du Plutonium-241 par Controles Biologiques; Dozimetriya Plutoniya-241 v biologicheskikh materialakh; Determinacion del Plutonio-241 en Sustancias Biologicas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dalton, J. C.; McDonald, B. J.; Barnes, V. [United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, Windscale Works, Sellafield (United Kingdom)

    1965-10-15

    {pi}. El equipo construido hasta la fecha puede detectar 3 pCi de {sup 241}Pu en un recuento de 1 h. Esta cantidad representa la excretada por la orina durante 24 h a los 3 meses de absorber el 5% de la carga corporal maxima admisible (0,9 {mu}Ci). Seguidamente los discos se analizan para determinar los isotopos del plutonio emisores alfa colocandolos durante una semana sobre una placa nuclear, que se examina visualmente bajo el microscopio. (author) [Russian] Opisyvajutsja proishozhdenie i harakteristiki plutonija-241. Podcherkivajutsja soobrazhenija otnositel'no vreda jetogo jelementa dlja zdorov'ja i problemy ego opredelenija. Opisyvaetsja sistema scheta, vyrabatyvaemaja v nastojashhee vremja v Uindskejle dlja kolichestvennogo opredelenija plutonija-241 maloj aktivnosti v probah, sobiraemyh po programme biologicheskogo dozimetricheskogo kontrolja. Na nastojashhej stadii razrabotki jetot metod po men'shej mere stol' zhe chuvstvitelen, kak opisannye ranee, i obladae't preimushhestvami blagodarja prostote, bystrote i jekonomichnosti. Jetot metod prednaznachen v pervuju ochered' dlja analiza mochi dlja dopolnenija informacii, uzhe poluchennoj posredstvom radioavtograficheskogo analiza al'fa-aktivnyh radioizotopov plutonija. Dlja opredelenija kolichestva plutonija-241 ispol'zuetsja tot zhe samyj diskovyj istochnik, chto pozvoljaet sokratit' podgotovitel'nye raboty. Radioizotopy plutonija prezhde vsego izvlekajut iz proby mochi ili drugogo biologicheskogo materiala v sostojanii bol'shoj radiohimicheskoj chistoty posredstvom anionoobmena. V rezul'tate jelektroliza oni otkladyvajutsja na diske iz nerzhavejushhej stali. Neposredstvennyj otschet mjagkogo beta-spektra plutonija-241 (maksimal'naja jenergija 20 kjev, period poluraspada 13,3 goda) proizvoditsja s pomoshh'ju sistemy antisovpadenij, sostojashhej iz proporcional'nogo schetchika malogo ob{sup e}ma s gazovym potokom i iz zashhity s plasticheskim fosfornym scintilljatorom antisovpadenij. Razmery takovy, chto vse beta

  10. A Review of the Production of ''Special'' Radioisotopes; La Production de Radioisotopes «Spéciaux»; ОБЗОР ПРОИЗВОДСТВА ''СПЕЦИАЛЬНЫХ'' ИЗОТОПОВ; Produccion de Radioisotopos ''Especiales''

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stang, Jr., L. G. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (United States)

    1963-03-15

    posledujushhej aktivacii. Privodjatsja dannye proizvodstva ''special'nyh'' izotopov v Brukhejvene, chtoby pokazat' razlichija dolgovremennyh i kratkovremennyh fluktuacij u jetih izotopov, kotorye v sovokupnosti takzhe sravnivajutsja s izotopami, postavljaemymi iz Okridzha, k kortorymi pred'javljajutsja bolee vysokie trebovanija. Daetsja ochen' kratkij obzor sovremennyh metodov proizvodstva vseh ''special'nyh'' radioizotopov i radioaktivnyh bus, poluchaemyh iz Brukhejvena, vkljuchaja poslednie neopublikovannye raboty ob uspeshnom razvitii ''generatora'' Al{sup 28} , proizvodstve Sc{sup 47} , uvelichenii udel'noj aktivnosti Mg{sup 28} do 40 millikjuri/g i ispol'zovanii Ll{sup 6}H{sup 2} dlja vozdejstvija na reakcii (p, chastica). (author)

  11. Ternary Fission of U{sup 235} by Resonance Neutrons; Fission Ternaire de {sup 235}U par des Neutrons de Resonance; 0422 0420 041e 0419 041d 041e 0415 0414 0415 041b 0415 041d 0418 0415 0423 0420 0410 041d 0410 -235 041d 0410 0420 0415 0417 041e 041d 0410 041d 0421 041d 042b 0425 041d 0415 0419 0422 0420 041e 041d 0410 0425 ; Fision Ternaria del {sup 235}U por Neutrones de Resonancia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kvitek, I.; Popov, Ju. P.; Rjabov, Ju. V. [Ob' edinennyj Institut Jadernyh Issledovanij, Dubna, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1965-07-15

    de presion. La capa de {sup 235}U enriquecido, de {approx}2 mg/cm{sup 2} de espesor y de {approx}300 cm{sup 2} de superficie, se coloco sobre una lamina de aluminio de 20 {mu}m de espesor. En el volumen gaseoso situado de un lado de la lamina, se registraron los destellos de los fragmentos de fision, por el otro, los de las particulas ligeras de largo alcance. Para evaluar la actividad de fondo (por ejemplo, la coincidencia de los impulsos de un fragmento con el impulso de un cuanto gamma de fision o de un proton procedente de la reaccion (n, p) en la lamina de aluminio se efectuaron mediciones en las que el volumen en el que se registraban las particulas de largo alcance, se protegio mediante un filtro de aluminio suplementario de 1 mm de espesor. Los resultados del experimento indican que la razon entre las fisiones ternarias y binarias del {sup 235}U no acusa las fuertes variaciones sena ladas por otros autores. En las mediciones no se observo ninguna irregularidad en la razon de las secciones eficaces en el intervalo energetico 0,1 -0,2 eV. En la memoria se discute la posible influencia de la reaccion (n, {alpha}) sobre los resultados experimentales en los que no se ha recurrido a la coincidencia de las particulas de largo alcance con los fragmentos de fision. (author) [Russian] V poslednee vremja pojavilis' raboty, v kotoryh ukazyvalos' na sushhestvennye kolebanija otnoshenija sechenija trojnogo delenija k secheniju dvojnogo delenija urana-235 pri perehode odnogo nejtronnogo rezonansa k drugomu. V to zhe vremja dlja urana-235 i plutonija-239 takih kolebanij obnaruzheno ne bylo. V nastojashhem doklade soobshhaetsja ob issledovanijah trojnogo delenija urana-235 na nejtronah s jenergiej 0,1-30 jev. V otlichie ot drugih rabot po trojnomu deleniju urana-235 akt trojnogo delenija identificirovalsja po sovpadenijam odnogo iz oskolkov delenija s legkoj dlinnoprobezhnoj chasticej. Jeto pozvoljalo otdelit' trojnye delenija ot. vozmozhnogo vklada reakcii (n, {alpha

  12. Automatic Sample and Data Processing in Studies of Calcium Metabolism in Rats; Traitement Automatique des Echantillons et des Donnees dans l'Etude du Metabolisme Calcique chez le Rat; Avtomaticheskaya obrabotka obraztsov i dannykh pri izuchenii obmena kal'tsiya u krysy; Tratamiento Automatico de las Muestras y de los Datos en el Estudio del Metabousmo del Calcio en la Rata

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Onkelinx, C.; Richelle, L. J.; Debras, J. [Universite de Liege (Belgium)

    1965-10-15

    , s odnoj storony, izuchenija jevoljucii indikatornoj dozy kal'cija-45, vvedennoj vnutrivenno, a s drugoj -izmerenija himicheskogo i radiohimicheskogo balansa. Sochetanie jetih dvuh tipov informacii i ih matematicheskaja obrabotka vedet k resheniju voprosa o sozdanii obshhej modeli obmena kal'cija, chto daet vozmozhnost' znat' kolichestvo obmenivaemyh kletok i velichinu razlichnyh faktorov, takih kak pogloshhenie v kishechnike, vydelenie iz pochek i kishechnika, otlozhenie kal'cija v kostjah i vyhod kal'cija iz kostej. Nashi raboty byli oblegcheny primeneniem avtomaticheskih metodov izmerenija obrazcov i obrabotki dannyh, kotorye i sostavljajut predmet nastojashhego doklada. Obrabotka obrazcov. Izmerenija radioaktivnosti proizvodili na obrazcah plazmy nebol'shogo ob'ema (20 - 40 {lambda}), kotorye brali povtorno iz prob mochi i fekalij, vzjatyh v opredelennoe vremja. Izmerenie aktivnosti provodili na schetchike antisovpadenij so olabym fonovym shumom, vkljuchajushhim avtomaticheskoe ustrojstvo dlja otbora prob i jelektronnuju ustanovku, izmerenija kotoroj registrirovalis' pechatajushhim ustrojstvom. Obsuzhdajutsja original'nye metody podgotovki obrazcov i ih izmerenija, v chastnosti statisticheskie uslovija scheta, vyverennye na vychislitel'noj mashine pri kazhdom izmerenii. Obrabotka dannyh. Proizvoditsja na jelektronnoj vychislitel'noj mashine IBM 7040, kotoroj zadajut raschetnuju programmu i ispol'zujut nabor neobrabotannyh dannyh ob jeksperimente v vide perforirovannyh kartochek na kazhdoe zhivotnoe otdel'no. Dannye obrabatyvajutsja v tri jetapa: 1) preobrazovanie neobrabotannyh dannyh i raschet standartnogo otklonenija izmerenij kazhdogo obrazca; 2) analiz krivoj udel'noj radioaktivnosti plazmy v zavisimosti ot vremeni i raschet ego matjomaticheskogo vyrazhenija; vyverka na tochnost' teoreticheskoj krivoj s pomoshh'ju jeksperimental'nyh izmerenij; 3) reshenie polnoj modeli po raschetu razlichnyh parametrov. Poluchennye rezul'taty byli otpechatany obychnym

  13. Plasma Confinement in Low-Density C Stellarator Discharges; Confinement du Plasma dans des Decharges a Faible Densite dans le Stellarator C; УДЕРЖАНИЕ ПЛАЗМЫ В ''СТЕЛЛАРАТОРЕ С'' ПРИ НИЗКОЙ ПЛОТНОСТИ РАЗРЯДА; Confinamiento de Plasma en Descargas de Baja Densidad en el Stellarator C

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stodiek, W.; Grove, D. J.; Kessler, J. O. [Princeton University, Princeton, NJ (United States)

    1966-04-15

    skorosti poteri plazmy (otkachka) mogut imet' mesto iz-za omicheskih tokov nagreva. Odnako ranee provedennye jeksperimenty pokazali, chto otkachka sushhestvuet dazhe togda, kogda toki (normal'no neobhodimye dlja predotvrashhenija ohlazhdenija i rekombinacii) namnogo nizhe kriticheskih znachenij dlja vozbuzhdenija ionnyh voln. Odin jeksperiment, kotoryj, kazalos', podtverzhdaet gipotezu ionnyh volnovyh kolebanij, dopuskaet al'ternativnoe tolkovanie. Nastojashhij doklad posvjashhen jeksperimentam na ''stellaratore S'', v kotoryh provedeny izmerenija pri blizkih k nulju omicheskih tokah nagreva. Oni provodilis' pri nizkih nachal'nyh davlenijah (2-3 x 10{sup -6} tor) vodoroda i temperaturah jelektronov 1-2 jev. Uderzhivajushhee pole ravnjalos' obychno 12,3 kg; nebol'shoe kolichestvo izmerenij provodilos' pri 35 kg. Vrashhatel'noe preobrazovanie, ravnoe 0,75 {pi} bylo osushhestvleno s pomoshh'ju spiral'nyh obmotok s Script-Small-L =2 i Script-Small-L = 3. V jetih jeksperimentah s nizkoj plotnost'ju i nizkoj temperaturoj v''stellaratore S''sushhestvuet anomal'naja skorost' poter' pri chetyreh uslovijah raboty: 1) omicheskij nagrev, 2) nagrev za schet jelektronnogo ciklotronnogo rezonansa, 3) mikrovolnovyj omicheskij nagrev i 4) bez nagreva. My prihodim k vyvodu, chto ni nalichie aksial'nogo toka maloj velichiny, ni izmenenie plotnosti v predelah 5 x 10{sup 9} Less-Than-Or-Equal-To n{sub e} Less-Than-Or-Equal-To 2 x 10{sup 11} sm{sup -3} ne vlijajut, kak predstavljaetsja, na postojannuju vremeni poter' plazmy poperek uderzhivajushhego magnitnogo polja. Skorost' poter' nel'zja otnesti za schet otsutstvija ravnovesija, svjazannogo s konechnoj provodimost'ju. Vremja polnogo ischeznovenija plazmy vychisljaetsja po formule t 0,9 v/T{sub e} msek (V v kg, T{sub e} v jev; radius plazmy = 5 sm), pravil'nost' kotoroj nabljudalas' Hinnovom i Bishopom pri plotnostjah okolo 10{sup 13} sm{sup -3}. (author)

  14. Radioactive Metrology Methods in the USSR; Methodes de metrologie de la radioactivite en URSS; Metody metrologii radioaktivnosti v SSSR; Metodos de Metrologia de la Radiactividad Aplicados en la Union de Republicas Socialistas Sovieticas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aglintsev, K K; Bochkarev, V V; Grablevskij, V N; Karavaev, F M

    1960-06-15

    actividad de estos patrones son 10{sup -11} y 5 equivalentes gramo del Ra, respectivamente . Las fuentes {gamma} de control se preparan partiendo de los mismos radionuclidos que las fuentes y modelo. Sus actividades abarcan un intervalo muy amplio y las fuentes presentan formas y dimensiones sumamente diversas. Por ultimo, se utilizan dos clases de fuentes neutronicas modelo Ra-{alpha}-Be (con un contenido de 1 a 1000 mg de Ra) y Pu-{alpha}-Be (conteniendo de 0.01 a 15 g de Pu). Las fuentes Ra-{alpha}-Be consisten en una mezcla comprimida de RaBr{sub 2} y de Be en polvo, siendo la razon ponderal Ra/Be igual a 1/6. En cuanto a las fuentes Pu-{alpha}-Be, se preparan con una aleacion (PuBe{sub 13}) de estos dos metales. (author) [Russian] Avtory opisyvayut metody, primenyaemye v SSSR, i, v chastnosti, v institute metrologii im. Mendeleeva (Leningrad) dlya vosproizvodstv a pri pomoshchi standartnykh apparatov edinits izmereniya, ispol'zuemykh v radioaktivnosti (kyuri, gramm-ehkvivalen t radiya, rentgen, rad). Dlya radionuklido v v Sovetskom Soyuze proizvodyatsya istochnikiehtalony dvukh vidov: 1. Model'nye istochniki dlya sravnitel'nog o ehtalonirovani ya drugikh radioaktivnykh preparatov, a takzhe dlya kalibrovki radiometricheski kh priborov i kontrol'nykh priborov za izlucheniem; 2. Kontrol'nye istochniki, sluzhashchie isklyuchitel'n o dlya proverki raboty i kontrolya za vosproizvodimost' yu ukazanij izmeritel'ny kh priborov. Model'nye a-istochniki prigotovlyayuts ya pri pomoshchi ehlektrolitiche - skogo osazhdeniya na platine dolzhnym obrazom vybrannykh izluchatelej (estestvennyj uran, uran-233, plutonij-239, ameritsij-241). EHti istochniki mogut obespechivat' aktivnost' ot do 10{sup 6} raspadov v minutu. Kontrol'nye {alpha}-istochniki prigotovlyayuts ya putem ehlektroliticheskog o osazhdeniya plutoniya-239 v vide sloya s plotnost'yu ot 3 X 10-{sup 9} do 0,7 mg/em2, chto sootvetstvuet aktivnosti ot 10 do 10{sup 8} raspadov v minutu. Model'nye {beta

  15. The Effect of Chlorothiazide on Caesium-137 Excretion in Human Subjects; Effet de la Chiorothiazide sur l'Elimination du Cesium 137 chez l'Homme; 0412 041b 0414 ; Influencia de la Ciorotiazida sobre la Excrecion de Cesio en el Hombre

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harrison, Joan; McNeill, K. G. [Departments of Medicine and Physics, University of Toronto, ON (Canada)

    1964-11-15

    . Por mas que la clorotiazida incremento la excrecion de potasio hasta 1,5 veces con respecto a los valores de referencia, no se comprobo que tuviera ningun efecto apreciable sobre la excrecion de cesio ni que redujera la carga corporal del mismo. Todos los sujetos excretaron rapidamente una pequena fraccion de cesio (10 a 20%) con un perfodo biologico (T{sub b}) inferior aid. El resto fue excretado en proporcion'constante con un de 90 a 155 d. Mas del 70% del cesio se excreto diariamente por via renal. El T{sub b} del potasio se calculo tambien por la formula: T{sub bK} = Total body K/Urine K x 0,693 x 0,8 admitiendo que el 80%-del potasio total excretado lo sea por via renal. El T{sub b} del K fue de 35 a 42 d. La razon de discriminacion T{sub bCs}/T{sub bK} escilo entre 2,1 y 3,8. Estos resultados demuestran que el cesio y el potasio no se utilizan de manera intercambiable. El cesio es retenido con preferencia al potasio y las alteraciones de la renovacion del potasio no ejercen ninguna influencia sobre la del cesio. Los autores prosiguen actualmente sus estudios con el proposito de determinar el efectp del metabolismo basal sobre la excrecion de cesio y oportunamente daran los resultados a que lleguen. (author) [Russian] Cel'ju'raboty javljalos' opredelenie faktorov, vljajushhih na metabolizm cezija u zdorovyh ljudej,i, v chastnosti, opredelenie terapevticheskogo rezhima, vedushhego k umen'sheniju soderzhanija cezija v organizme. Poskol'ku cezij i kalij obladajut shodnymi himicheskimi svojstvami i oba raspolagajutsja vnutrikletochno, glavnym obrazom v myshcah, vpolne vozmozhno, chto hlortiazid, okazyvajushhij vyrazhennyj kalievyj diureticheskij jeffekt, mozhet uvelichivat' i vydelenie cezija. Chetvero obsleduemyh poluchili vnutr' odnokratno po 0,1 mkkjuri cezija-137. Dvoim iz nih davali hlortiazid po 2,0 g v den' v techenie 3 dnej cherez chas posle priema cezija. Priem hlortiazida povtorili cherez dve nedeli. Dvuh drugih obsleduemyh ispol'zovali v kachestve

  16. Incorporation of Radioisotopes into Melted Silicates; Incorporation de Radioisotopes dans des Silicates Fondus; 0412 0412 0415 0414 0415 041d 0418 0415 0420 0410 0414 0418 041e 0418 0417 041e 0422 041e 041f 041e 0412 0412 0420 0410 0421 041f 041b 0410 0412 041b 0415 041d 041d 042b 0415 0421 0418 041b 0418 041a 0410 0422 042b ; Incorporacion de Radioisotopos en Silicatos Fundidos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rakova, J.; Saidl, J. [Nuclear Research Institute Rez near Prague, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (Czech Republic)

    1963-02-15

    corrosividad de la estructura y por la difusion interna de elementos solubles del interior del solido hacia la superficie del mismo. La corrosividad de los vidrios y de las rocas fundidas se. ha examinado en condiciones estaticas a temperatura constante (35 Degree-Sign , 60 Degree-Sign y 90 Degree-Sign C) obteniendose coeficientes de lixiviacion comprendidos entre 10{sup -11} y 10{sup -9} cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}(a 35 Degree-Sign C). Estos resultados muestran que los materiales investigados constituyen un medio adecuado para la incorporacion de algunos desechos de elevada radiactividad. Este metodo de evacuacion puede considerare completamente seguro, siempre que los bloques activos asi formados se depositen en condiciones que excluyan la posibilidad de contacto con el agua. (author) [Russian] Cel'ju dannoj issledovatel'skoj raboty javljaetsja: 1. Vybor kamenistyh i steklovidnyh silikatnyh materialov, prigodnyh dlja vvedenija biologicheski opasnyh i dolgozhivushhih radioizotopov. 2. Opredelenie faktorov, kotorye mogut okazyvat' vlijanie na skorost' vysvobozhdenija vvedennyh izotopov, chtoby oni ne predstavljali opasnosti dlja biosfery. V kachestve syr'evyh materialov ispol'zovalis' 14 sortov rasplavlennyh porod bazal'tovogo tipa iz severnoj i zapadnoj Bogemii i tri sorta otdel'nyh vidov stekla. Pri jeksperimental'nom issledovanii dolzhnoe vnimanie udeljalos' diffuzii radioizotopov v stekov i v rasplavlennyh porodah a takzhe himicheokoj ustojchivosti jetih materialov. Dlja issledovanija Diffuzii stroncija-90 i-cezija-134 byl vybran metod {sup t}onkogo sloja{sup ,} opisannyj Krjukovym i Zhukovickim, kak naibolee podhodjashhij. Pri temperaturah porjadka 300 - 600 Degree-Sign C byli ustanovleny kojefficienty diffuzii 10{sup -13} - 10{sup -11}cm{sup 2}/sek. Tot fakt, chto dlja cezija byla obnaruzhena bolee nizkaja jenergija aktivacii, chem dlja natrija, podtverzhdaet predpolozhenie o tom, chto iz vseh stekloobrajeuhhcih jelementov cezij imeet naimen'shie svjazi. Pri izmerenii skorosti

  17. The Role of Non-Destructive Testing in Test-Reactor Operation at the National Reactor Testing Station; Role des Essais Non Destructifs dans l'Exploitation des Reacteurs d'Essai au Centre National d'Essais de Reacteurs; Rol' nedestruktivnykh ispytanij pri ehkspluatatsii ispytatel'nykh reaktorov na natsional'noj stantsii po ispytaniyam reaktorov; Papel de los Metodos No Destructivos en la Explotacion de los Reactores de la National Reactor Testing Station

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Francis, W. C.; Brown, E. S.; Burdick, E. E.; Gibson, G. W.; Tingey, F. H. [Phillips Petroleum Company, Atomic Energy Division, Idaho Falls, Idaho (United States)

    1965-10-15

    finansovyh zatrat na material, chisljashhijsja vne specifikacii. Rentgenovskie snimki toplivnyh plasti- nok dajut razmery aktivnyh zon i s pomoshh'ju razvertki densitometra opredeljajut rasprede- lenie topliva. Rentgenovskaja s{sup e}mka svarnyh shvov javljaetsja standartnoj proceduroj dlja reaktorov i komponentov opytnyh petel'. Vygoranie topliva i otravlenie v opytnyh obrazcah mozhet byt' opredeleno v kazhdom cikle reaktora putem ispol'zovanija usovershenstvovannogo ustrojstva po izmereniju reak- tivnosti (ARMF). V kakoj-to stepeni neobychnoe primenenie dlja kriticheskogo ustrojst- va javljaetsja izmerenie soderzhanija bora v toplive na kriticheskoj ustanovke po tehnologii ispytatel'nyh reaktorov (ETNS). Toki Fuko i mehanicheskoe zondirovanie rasstojanija toplivnyh plastinok i izmerenie tolshhiny okisi plenki (korrozija) s pomoshh'ju tokov Fuko obluchennyh plastinok dali otlich- nye rezul'taty. Dopolnitel'nye sposoby, kotorye okazalis' ves'ma cennymi, vkljuchajut obsledovanie zhidkih proniknovenij i opyty po zhidkomu azotu dlja treshhin na poverhnostjah, opyty po teplovomu otzhigu dlja okalin i g a m m a - skennirovanie obluchennyh plastin. Gid- ravlicheskoe ispytanie stabil'nyh obrazcov toplivnyh jelementov ispol'zuetsja dlja t o g o , chtoby podtverdit' strukturnuju celostnost', v osobennosti, silu soedinenija.toplivnyh plastinok. Vedutsja dal'nejshie raboty po uluchsheniju sushhestvujushhih metodov i po razrabotke novyh nedestruktivnyh metodov obsledovanija. (author)

  18. The Use of Research Reactors and Short-Lived Isotopes in the Study of Nuclear-Reactor Fuel Materials; Emploi de Reacteurs de Recherche et de Radioisotopes de Courte Periode dans l'Etude des Combustibles pour Reacteurs Nucleaires; ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕ ИССЛЕДОВАТЕЛЬСКИХ РЕАКТОРОВ И КОРОТКОЖИВУЩИХ ИЗОТОПОВ ПРИ ИЗУЧЕНИИ ТОПЛИВНЫХ МАТЕРИАЛОВ ДЛЯ ЯДЕРННХ РЕАКТОРОВ; Empleo de Reactores de Investigacion y de Isotopos de Periodo Corto en el Estudio de Combustibles Nucleares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elleman, T. S.; Townley, C. W.; Sunderman, D. N. [Battelle Memorial Institute, Columbus, OH (United States)

    1963-03-15

    tipos de materiales sin que sea preciso emplear grandes reactores de ensayo ni recintos blindados para manipular muestras irradiadas de elevada actividad. (author) [Russian] Issledovatel'skij reaktor mozhet byt' ispol'zovan dlja izuchenija podvizhnosti produktov delenija v prototipah jadernyh toplivnyh materialov, tak kak on pozvoljaet vosproizvodit' vneshnie uslovija analogichnye tem, v kotoryh okazyvajutsja toplivnye materialy v uslovijah normal'noj jekspluatacii. Vmeste s tem on pozvoljaet tochno kontrolirovat' uslovija jeksperimenta i obespechivaet mnogoobrazie jeksperimental'nyh konstrukcij. Izmeneniem uslovij obluchenija i putem kolichestvennogo opredelenija vydeljajushhihsja iz obrazca produktov delenija s korotkim poluperiodom raspada mozhno ustanovit' mehanizm vysvobozhdenija produktov delenija i ego svjaz' s fizicheskimi i himicheskimi svojstvami obrazca topliva i produktov delenija. Pomimo jetogo, mogut byt' polucheny poleznye svedenija otnositel'no obshhego kolichestva vydeljaemoj radioaktivnosti i pred- polagaemogogo sroka raboty toplivnyh jelementov. Obrazcy obychno obluchajutsja v podogrevaemyh kapsulah s dvojnymi stenkami, pogruzhaemyh a bassejn reaktora ili v reaktornye kanaly dlja obluchenija, a vydeljaemye letuchie produkty delenija uvlekajutsja iz kapsuly struej gaza. Vvidu togo, chto sootnoshenie mezhdu skorost'ju vysvobozhdenija i poluperiodom zhizni radioizotopa javljajutsja vazhnym pokazatelem mehanizma vydelenija, sobirajutsja i analizirujutsja gazy delenija kripton i ksenon s poluperiodami zhizni ot 1,7 sek do 5,3 dnej. Korotkozhivushhie redkie gazy (kripton-89, kripton-91, kripton-92, ksenon-137, ksenon-138, ksenon-139, ksenon-140 i ksenon-141) opredeljajutsja putem sbora neletuchih radioaktivnyh dochernih produktov na zarjazhennom jelektrode dlja posledujushhego radiohimicheskogo analiza, togda kak gazoobraznye produkty delenija s bolee dlitel'nym poluperiodom zhizni (kripton-85, kripton-87, kripton-88, jod-131, ksenon-133 i ksenon-135

  19. Summary of Current Geological Research in the United States of America Pertinent to Radioactive Waste Disposal on Land; Bilan des Recherches Geologiques Actuelles aux Etats-Unis, du Point de Vue de l'Elimination des Dechets Radioactifs dans le Sol; 041a 0420 0414 ; Resena de las Investigaciones Geologicas que Actualmente se Efectuan en los Estados Unidos Sobre la Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos en el Subsuelo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simpson, E. S. [Geologist, US Geological Survey, Washington, DC (United States)

    1960-07-01

    togo, kak othody smogut vojti v soprikosnovenie s chelovekom ili ego pishhej. Primerom promezhutochnogo udalenija javljaetsja neglubokoe zahoronenie upakovannyh othodov i slivanie zhidkih othodov v stochnye jamy. Privoditsja issledovanie po izucheniju sovmestnogo vlijanija perenosa radioaktivnyh izotopov podzemnymi vodami i uderzhanija ih na porodah pri pomoshhi sorbcii. III. Sreda, v kotoroj othody prakticheski ne uderzhivajutsja, javljaetsja sredoj, gde radioizotopy nemedlenno vhodjat v kontakt s chelovekom ili s ego rastitel'noj i zhivotnoj pishhej. Issledovatel'skie raboty kak s cel'ju opredelenija vozmozhnosti udalenija othodov v takuju sredu v predelah norm ohrany zdorov'ja i tehniki bezopasnosti, tak i s cel'ju uluchshenija tehnicheskih priemov udalenija othodov. Issledovanija vkljuchajut: a) klassifikaciju grunta v sootvetstvii s problemami udalenija othodov, . b) izuchenie sposobnosti izotopov k rasprostraneniju, c) vlijanie organicheskih i neorganicheskih formacij tverdyh veshhestv na koncentraciju radioaktivnosti i d) vlijanie osadochnogo otlozhenija i rechnogo ila na perenos radioizotopov. (author)

  20. The luminescent chamber and its use in high-energy physics experiments; La chambre a luminescence: son emploi dans les experiences de physique des hautes energies; Lyuminestsentnaya kamera i ee ispol'zovanie v ehksperimentakh, provodimykh v fizike vysokikh ehnergij; La camara luminiscente y su empleo en experimentos de fisica de elevada energia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jones, L W; Perl, M L [Randall Laboratory of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Lawrence Radiation Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    1962-04-15

    nablyudeniya rasseyannogo pi-mezona, a drugoj - dlya nablyudeniya protona otdachi, poluchennogo v rezul'tate bombardirovaniya misheni, pokrytoj zhidkim vodorodom. Stsintillyatsionnye schetchiki otbirali dlya zapisi lish' pochti koplanarnye yavleniya, odnako okonchatel'nymi kriteriyami uprugogo rasseyaniya byli kinematicheskie dannye zapisyvaemykh sledov. V kazhdom iz trekh sluchajnykh pi-mezonnykh momentov moshchnost'yu do 2,5 MeV/c bylo sfotografirovano do 1000 sluchaev uprugogo rasseyaniya. Vo vtorom ehksperimente dlya nablyudeniya ostanovki protonov otdachi, voznikayushchikh v rezul'tate neuprugogo rasseyaniya pi-mezona (poluchenie odnogo pi-mezona) v trekh sluchajnykh momentakh dvizheniya pi-mezona, ispol'zovalsya odin blok stsintillyatorov razmerom 10 x 10 x 20 kubicheskikh santimetrov. I zdes' bylo zapisano neskol'ko tysyach yavlenij. Diapazon i ugol rasseyaniya protona otdachi pozvolili opredelit' moment peredachi i tsentr massy ehnergii sistemy di-pi-mezona, kotorye v dannom sluchae predstavlyali srotvetstvuyushchie kinematicheskie parametry. Pri provedenii ehtikh ehksperimentov za schet propuskaniya cherez vtoruyu trubku s perenosom izobrazheniya signala, iskhodyashchego iz ehlektronnogo stsintillyatsionnogo schetchika, byli dostignuty p u s k posle yavleniya i vremennaya razreshayushchaya sposobnost' v techenii pyati mikrosekund. V dannom doklade obsuzhdayutsya ideya i uspeshnoe vypolnenie ehtikh ehksperimentov, prichem osoboe vnimanie udelyaetsya sootvetstvuyushchim detalyam trubok s perenosom izobrazheniya, stsintillyatsionnym schetchikam i ehlektronnym sistemam. Nakoplen takzhe opyt po analizu fotografij sledov i, osobenno, opyt v otnoshenii vozmozhnoj tochnosti i nadezhnosti poluchaemykh takim obrazom fizicheskikh dannykh. V zaklyuchenie rassmatrivaetsya dal'nejshee razvitie lyuminestsentnoj kamery s uchetom tekushchej raboty, kotoraya provoditsya s usilitelyami yarkosti izobrazheniya i stsintillyatorami. Analiziruetsya rol' lyuminestsentnoj kamery v budushchikh

  1. Low-Level {beta} and {gamma} Counting in the Region 0-10 Disintegrations Per Minute; Comptage {beta} et {gamma} d'echantillons de faible activite (0 a 10 desintegrations par minute); Izmerenie {beta}- i {gamma}-izlucheniya maloj moshchnosti (0-10 raspadov v minutu); Recuento {beta} y {gamma} de muestras de baja actividad (0 a 10 desintegraciones por minuto)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manov, George G [Tracerlab Inc. (United States)

    1960-06-15

    materiales, preferentemente de origen anterior a la segunda guerra mundial. Para el recuento de las radiaciones procedentes de muestras de baja actividad es condicion primordial la estabilidad del sistema electronico utilizado, especialmente a fin de evitar el recuento de impulsos parasitos. Se describe un procedimiento que consiste en alimentar el sistema electronico con impulsos generados a un ritmo determinado, que pasan por el amplificador y se des- cuentan del numero bruto de impulsos registrado. En general, los circuitos equipados con transistores, inclusive en los preamplificadore s y en las fuentes de tension, son mas satisfactorios que los dispositivos clasicos basados en el empleo de valvulas electronicas. (author) [Russian] Izmerenie radioaktivnost i na urovne v oblasti, soderzhashchej ot 0-10 raspadov v minutu, stanovitsya vse bolee poleznym pri standartizatsii radioaktivnykh izotopov, a takzhe v takikh drugikh otraslyakh nauki, kak geologiya i meditsina naprimer. CHasto poyavlyaetsya neobkhodimost' v podschete izluchenij maloj moshchnosti v oblasti biologii i pri issledovanii metodom mechenykh atomov, v chastnosti, v tekh sluchayakh, kogda ispol'zovanie radiatsii bol'shoj moshchnosti mozhet izmenyat' khod raboty apparata ili okazyvat' vliyanie na izuchaemyj protsess. CHasto takogo roda izmereniya dolzhny provodit'sya v usloviyakh, kogda obraztsy obladayut aktivnost'yu, prevyshayushchej obychnyj neehkranirovanny j fon radiatsii lish' na 1%. V drugikh sluchayakh poyavlyayutsya dopolnitel'ny e trebovaniya vsledstvie togo, chto radioaktivnye izotopy mogut imet' ochen' korotkij period poluraspada. Imeyutsya tri osnovnykh puti uvelicheniya nadezhnosti izmerenij radiatsii maloj moshchnosti: bolee sovershennye schetchiki, men'shie popravki na fon i bolee nadezhnye svobodnye ot pomekh ehlektronnye sistemy. V dannom dokumente opisyvayutsya sravnitel'ny e ehksperimenty svyazannye s izucheniem otnositel'ny kh kachestv trekh razlichnykh tipov zashchishchennykh schetchikov

  2. The Measurement of Integrated Gamma-Ray Doses in the Range 50 Mrad to 5 Mrad Using Phosphate Glass and Lithium Fluoride; Mesure, au Moyen de Verre au Phosphate et de Fluorure de Lithium, de Doses Integrees de Rayons Gamma de 50 Mrad a 5 Mrad; 0418 0417 041c 0414 ; Medicion de Dosis Integradas de Rayos Gamma de 50 Mrad a 5 Mrad por Medio de Vidrio al Fosfato y de Fluoruro de Litio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Webb, G. A.M. [Central Electricity Generating Board, Berkeley Nuclear Laboratories, Berkeley, Glos. (United Kingdom)

    1965-06-15

    'nogo oslablenija vlijanija infrakrasnogo izluchenija ot nagrevatelja. Issledovalis' vlijanie opticheskih fil'trov na tribotermoljuminiscentnyj pik, a takzhe pokazanija priborov v prisutstvii azota. Byli provedeny issledovanija i sdelany kriticheskie sravnenija v otnoshenii rjada kriteriev raboty dvuh sistem. Diapazon doz dlja stekla ochen' bol'shoj: ot 5 * 10{sup -2} do 5 * 10{sup 6} rad, to est' vos'mikratnoe izmenenie diapazona, v to vremja kak L iF , hotja ego mozhno ispol'zovat' dlja neskol'ko men'shih doz, nasyshhaetsja pri dozah svyshe 10{sup 5} rad. -LiF pochti polnost'ju zavisit ot jenergii, odnako steklo daet pri 60 kjev maksimal'noe otklonenie v 7 raz po sravneniju s otschetom dlja kobal'ta-60; jeto mozhno ispravit' jekranirovaniem za schet povyshenija nizhnego predela jenergii. Tshhatel'no issledovano obescvechivanie stekla; obescvechivanie L iF, kotoroe ne tak znachitel'no, izuchalos' v men'shej stepeni. Vozmozhny otzhig i povtornoe ispol'zovanie stekla i L iF , i dlja kazhdogo iz nih isprobovany razlichnye cikly otzhiga. Izmerena takzhe chuvstvitel'nost' dlja povtornogo ispol'zovanija. Dlja kazhdoj sistemy izuchalis' jeffekty temperatury obluchenija i hranenija pri temperaturah 20 -100 Degree-Sign C, a takzhe ocenka doz v smeshannyh potokah nejtronov i gamma-luchej. Jeti dve sistemy sravnivajutsja mezhdu soboj v otnoshenii ih obshhego udobstva, a takzhe ispol'zovanija v konkretnyh situacijah. (author)

  3. A Multi-Scaler Recording System and its Application to Radiometric ''Off-Line'' Analysis; Systeme d'Enregistrement a Echelles de Comptage Multiples et son Appucation aux Analyses Radlometriques Hors Circuit; Mul'tiskalyarnaya registriruyushchaya sistema i ee primenenie k radiometricheskim i ''vnelinejnym'' analizam; Un Sistema de Registro de Multiples Escalimetros y su Aplicacion al Analisis Radiometrico Discontinuo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bisby, H. [Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Harwell, Berks. (United Kingdom)

    1966-02-15

    , trebujushhajasja dlja kontrolja i ucheta, osnovyvaetsja na jeffektivnom ispol'zovanii laboratornyh metodov i priborov dlja tochnogo analiza harakternyh obrazcov, vzjatyh iz tehnologicheskogo potoka. Jeti metody, i v chastnosti te, kotorye svjazany s impul'snymi schetnymi sistemami, mogut byt' avtomatizirovany s pomoshh'ju sovremennyh priborov, takih, kakie budut opisany v doklade, i ot kotoryh dannye poluchajutsja v vide cifr v jelektronnyh nakopiteljah (pere- schetnye ustrojstva). Dlja upravlenija bol'shim zavodom nuzhno imet' mnogo nezavisimo upravljaemyh otdel'nyh schetnyh sistem takogo roda i, takim obrazom, ne imejushhih mezhdu soboj vremennoj korreljacii. Avtomaticheskaja sistema zapisi dannyh, opisannaja v nastojashhem doklade, predstavljaet soboj ustrojstvo otscheta pokazanij obshhih dannyh bolee, chem 50 nezavisimo dejstvujushhih schetnyh sistem, dannyh zapisyvajushhego schetnogo ustrojstva, a takzhe obrazca i sistemy identifikacii i absoljutno tochnogo vremeni kazhdogo otscheta pokazanij. Dannye mogut zapisyvat'sja v takom vide, kotoryj prigoden dlja posledujushhej obrabotki na vychislitel'noj mashine, na razlichnogo roda lentah i perfokartah, posledovatel'no ili parallel'no pechatajushhih ustrojstvah ili magnitnyh. Krome togo, mozhno avtomaticheski proverjat' pravil'nost' raboty, zapisyvajushhej sistemy, vkljuchaja pereschetnye ustrojstva v ljuboj sisteme, chto ne otrazhaetsja na rabote drugih schetnyh sistem. Delaetsja vyvod, chto jeffektivnyj kolichestvennyj kontrol' na zavode osnovyvaetsja na bystrom ischerpyvajushhem analize obrazcov v laboratornyh uslovijah. Verojatno v budushhem vozmozhno i bolee celesoobrazno razrabotat' ustrojstvo ''vne potoka'', a ne priborov na potoke. Daetsja obzor zhelatel'nyh harakteristik priborov v takoj laboratorii, i na primere demonstriruetsja cennost' ispol'zovannyh priborov i tochnoj gibkoj sistemy registracii dannyh. Upominajutsja vozmozhnye razrabotki v budushhem v oblasti obrabotki dannyh, kotorye mogut privesti k sozdaniju

  4. 100-Mc counting system; Ensemble de comptage a 100 megacycles; Schetnaya sistema na 100 megatsiklov; Sistema contador de 100 megaciclos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sugarman, R; Higinbotham, W A; Yonda, A H [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, Long Island, NY (United States)

    1962-04-15

    vklyucheniya toka s tranzistorami i germanievymi tunnel'nymi diodami. Vse kriticheskie skhemy imeyut vremya narastaniya i razbros vremeni v razmere dvukh nanosekund i menee. K logicheskim ehlementam otnosyatsya ogranichitel' amplitudy impul'sov, diskriminator, mnogokanal'naya skhema sovpadenij, chetyrekhkratnyj raspredelitel' impul'sov i shkala na 8 delenij. Rasshivatel' pozvolyaetogranichitelyu ili vykhodu diskriminatora sozdavat' lyubye kombinatsii chetyrekh ehlementov. Kazhdyj ehlement predstavlyaet soboj otdel'nyj smennyj modul'. EHlementy vzaimosvyazany s kabelem na 50 om ne menee, chem s odnoj zamykayushchej skhemoj. Bol'shinstvo modul'nykh vkhodov i vykhodov sovmestimy, i diskriminator, naprimer, mozhet libo privodit' v dvizhenie skhemu sovpadenij, libo privodit'sya v dvizhenie po skheme sovpadenij s pomoshch'yu vklyuchayushchikh kabelej. Dlya obespecheniya raboty na bol'shoj skorosti, a takzhe khoroshej stabil'nosti po vremeni i temperature, tranzistory rabotayut na edinom zaryadnom usilenii libo v vide vklyucheniya toka, libo v linejnom vide kak rasprostranennyj usilitel'. Kazhdyj tunnel'nyj diod obespechivaet dopolnitel'noe vklyuchaemoe zaryadnoe usilenie v razmere ot 2 do 5 s takoj zhe stabil'nost'yu i polosno-propusknym ustrojstvom v kachestve tranzistorov. Kazhdyj modul' prednaznachen dlya ispol'zovaniya do postoyannoj skorosti scheta v razmere 100 megaimpul'sov v sekundu. Vysokie rabochie tsikly sistemy yavlyayutsya vozmozhnymi blagodarya vzaimosvyazyam postoyannogo toka i blagodarya ogranicheniyu dvojnoj linii zaderzhki s tsel'yu vosstanovleniya mezhdu impul'sami. Dlya skorostej scheta do 50 megatsiklov ne predpolagaetsya nikakoj poteri pri rabote sistemy. Bazisnyj diskriminator imeet chuvstvitel'nost', kotoruyu mozhno prisposobit' dlya 2-10 milliamper so sparennym vykhodom postoyannogo toka v razmere 10 milliamper pri potentsiale zemli. Vremya narastaniya i padeniya na vykhode sostavlyaet 1 nanosekundu; shirina impul'sa ustanavlivaetsya s pomoshch'yu kabelya

  5. Irradiation of Fruit and Vegetables in France; Radioexposition des Fruits et Legumes en France; Obluchenie fruktov i ovoshchej vo Frantsii; La Irradiacion de Frutas y Verduras en Francia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vidal, P. [CONSERVATOME, Lyon, Perrache (Rhone) (France)

    1966-11-15

    'zovanie ohlazhdenija. Odnako v nekotoryh sluchajah jetot metod nedostatochen, a v drugih - ego dejstvie ogranicheno. Obluchenie dolzhno, po-vidimomu, principial'no uluchshit' metody predotvrashhenija prorastanija klubnej, lukovic, kornevishh i sposoby sohranenija fruktov i ovoshhej, ispol'zuja takzhe holod i dezinsekciju dlja nekotoryh produktov. Provodimye v razlichnyh stranah i vo Francii raboty svidetel'stvujut ob interese k metodu obluchenija i o vozmozhnostjah ispol'zovanija ego dlja fruktov i ovoshhej vo Francii (klubniki, persikov, abrikosov, pomidor, kartofelja, chesnoka i luka). Primenenie obluchenija vyzovet izmenenija v proizvodstve i raspredelenii fruktov i ovoshhej. Raspredelenie budet osushhestvljat'sja v luchshih uslovijah i smozhet ohvatit' naibolee udalennye mesta sbyta. Odnako primenenie obluchenija ne menjaet processov podgotovki produktov dlja kommercheskih celej. Harakter ustanovki dlja obluchenija (obychno gamma-ustanovka) budet zaviset' ot mnogih faktorov. Stoimost' obluchenija predstavljaetsja rentabel'noj, uchityvaja poluchennye rezul'taty. Ustanovki po oblucheniju budut v osnovnom ustanovkami s aktivnymi istochnikami. Kojefficienty godovogo ispol'zovanija ustanovok igrajut vazhnuju rol' v stoimosti obluchenija. Sleduet proizvesti nekotorye raschety dlja uluchshenjja rentabel'nosti ustanovok, tak kak ih ispol'zovanie budet neizbezhno nosit' sezonnyj harakter. Razmeshhenie ustanovok budet zaviset' ot vida produkta, ot dlitel'nosti ego hranenija i uslovij po ego prodazhe. V obshhem, chto kasaetsja problemy bor'by s prorastaniem, to ustanovki po oblucheniju dolzhny byt' raspolozheny v mestah proizvodstva ili potreblenija, no po preimushhestvu v mestah proizvodstva. Dlja fruktov ustanovki dolzhny nahodit'sja predpochtitel'no v mestah proizvodstva, raspolozhennyh vblizi kondicionirovanija i ohlazhdenija. (author)

  6. Some Uses of Radioisotopes and Radiations in Entomology; Quelques emplois des radioelements et des rayonnements en entomologie; Nekotorye vidy primeneniya radioehlementov i oblucheniya v ehntomologii; Algunas aplicaciones de los radioelementos y de las radiaciones en entomologia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Courtois, G. [Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay (France); Lecomte, J. [Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Station de Recherches sur l' Abeille et les Insectes Sociaux, Bures-Sur-Yvette (France)

    1963-09-15

    dosificar el potasio en las hormigas y en las abejas. Los autores han ensayado la marcacion de acrididos con {sup 192}Ir y describen en la memoria los resultados obtenidos. Se ha hecho tambien un estudio de la distribucion de ciertos radioisotopos ( {sup 32}P y {sup 35}S) en el cuerpo de la abeja por medio del metodo autorradiografico. (author) [Russian] Stat'ya soderkhit obzor metodov primeneniya radioehlementov v ehntomologii, razrabotannykh v nashikh dvukh tsentrakh v techenie poslednikh let. Pervye raboty otnosilis' k pchelam i v osobennosti k dal'nosti poletov pchel-sborshchits iz pchelosem'i. Issledovanie provodilos' s pomoshch'yu mecheniya izotopom Au{sup 198}. Prodolzheniem rabot po opredeleniyu dozy, poluchennoj osob'yu v protsesse mecheniya, yavilos' opredelenie radiorezistentnosti pchely i letal'noj dozy, lezhashchej v predelakh 90 000 p. Au{sup 198} byl takzhe ispol'zovan dlya issledovaniya obmena pishchej vnutri ul'ya. Vmeste s tem,dlya izucheniya obmena pishchej vnutri ul'ev mezhdu rabochimi osobyami (muzhskimi osobyami, rabochimi pchelami, matkami) ili mezhdu razlichnymi royami primenyalsya R{sup 92}. Nedavno analogichnye issledovaniya trofilaksii byli provedeny na osakh. Au{sup 188} byl takzhe osnovnym radioehlementom v rabote s muravejnikami. Naibolee interesnym rezul'tatom pervogo issledovaniya yavilos' otkrytie obmena pishchej mezhdu muravejnikami, otstoyashchimi drug ot druga na rasstoyanii svyshe 50 m, i raznymi vidami murav'ev (Formica rufa i Formica polyctena). V protsesse vtorogo issledovaniya, s pomoshch'yu mecheniya puti dvizheniya murav'ev, a ne samogo muravejnika, bylo vyyavleno raspredelenie obyazannostej vnutri muravejnika. Mechenye murav'i sledovali po odnomu i tomu zhe marshrutu i redko obmenivalis' s drugimi osobyami toj zhe kolonii. V protsesse ehtogo opyta uzhe do mecheniya byla ustanovlena anormal'naya radioaktivnost' murav'ev, obuslovlennaya prezhde vsego nalichiem (Sr + Nb){sup 95}. EHto otkrytie govorit o tendentsii k nakopleniyu v

  7. Pulsed and Static Neutron Measurements in Light-Water and Heavy-Water Exponentials; Mesures par les Methodes Pulsee et Statique dans les Ensembles Exponentiels a Eau Legere et a Eau Lourde; Izmerenie impul'snykh i staticheskikh nejtronov v ehksponentsial'nykh ustanovkakh s obychnoj i tyazheloj vodoj; Mediciones por los Metodos Pulsados y Estaticos en Conjuntos Exponenciales de Agua Ligera y Agua Pesada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parkinson, T. F.; Perez, R. B.; Fry, D. N.; Hartley, R. H.; Smith, S. P.D.; Diaz, N. J. [University of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)

    1964-04-15

    kotorogo mozhno vyvesti k' , primenjalsja metod impul'snyh nejtronov. Odnako dlja ustanovlenija pravomernosti impul'snogo metoda neobhodimo proizvesti sravnenie mezhdu impul'snym i staticheskim metodami. My vypolnili takie izmerenija s zamedliteljami iz H{sub 2}O i D{sub 2}O v sistemah s otrazhatelem i bez takovogo. Dlja jeksperimentov ispol'zovalsja bak diametrom 1 m. Dlja korreljacii izmerennyh postojannyh raspada s sootvetstvujushhimi-parametrami sistemy, ispol'zovalas' modificirovannaja odnogruppovaja teoreticheskaja model' (imenuemaja v dal'nejshem model'ju A). Tak, {lambda} vyrazhaetsja prostym otnosheniem {lambda}{sub 0}, k{sub {infinity}} {tau}, L{sup 2} i B{sup 2}, gde B{sup 2} udovletvorjaet kriticheskomu ravneniju dvuh zon. Vychislitel'naja shema vkljuchaet opredelenie snachala znachenija postojannoj raspada {lambda} s posledujushhej interaciej do teh por, poka ne budet najdeno znachenie V', sootvetstvujushhee kriticheskomu uravneniju i granichnym uslovijam . Byli oprobovany takzhe dve drugie modeli: Model' V-dvuhzonnaja odnogruppovaja sistema, v kotoroj B{sup 2}{sub g} v funkcii vlijanija Fermi prinimaetsja kak geometricheskij laplasian jekvivalentnoj sistemy bez otrazhatelja s otrazhatel'noj dobavkoj. Model' C -dvuhgruppovaja sistema bez otrazhatelja s otrazhatel'noj dobavkoj. Sravnenie raschetnyh i jeksperimental'nyh postojannyh raspada pokazyvaet, chto tol'ko model' A daet udovletvoritel'noe sovpadenie. Mozhno sdelat' sledujushhie vyvody: 1. Prisutstvie otrazhatelja sil'no vlijaet na fiziku impul'snoj sistemy Metod predpolozhenija otrazhatel'noj dobavki ne vsegda cenen. 2. Znachenie postojannoj raspada {lambda} ochen' chuvstvitel'no k predpolagaemomu znacheniju verojatnosti izoezhanija utechki oystryh nejtronov. Jeksperimenty pokazali, chto dlja nebol'shih geterogennyh sborok k mozhno opredelit' metodom impul'snyh nejtronov. V nastojashhee vremja provodjatsja raboty po pustotelym uranovym sterzhnjam, kotorye pozvoljajut imitirovat' organicheskie

  8. Diffuse Scattering from Alloys and Disordered Systems: Experimental Techniques and Potentialities; Diffusion dans les Alliages et les Systemes Desordonnes; Methodes Experimentales et Possibilites d'Application; Diffuznoe rasseyanie na splavakh i razuporyadochennykh sistemakh. ehksperimental'nye metody i potentsial'nye vozmozhnosti; Dispersion Difusa en Aleaciones y Sistemas Desordenados; Tecnicas Experimentales y Posibilidades

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Low, G. G. [Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Harwell, Berks (United Kingdom)

    1965-04-15

    la direccion de magnetizacion con respecto al vector de dispersion neutronica. De este modo, la dispersion de interes puede distinguirse de los efectos no magneticos como diferencia entre dos intensidades medidas. Un proceso que contribuye al fondo de dispersion difusa, en parte de caracter magnetico y que, por tanto, la mencionada tecnica no elimina, es la dispersion miiltiple de Bragg en un poli- cristal magnetico. Puede prevenirse utilizando una muestra monocristalina o empleando neutrones de gran longitud de onda, de forma que impidan los procesos de Bragg. En Harwell se ha construido un instrumento basado en este principio, que se utiliza para una amplia serie de mediciones en aleaciones ferromagneticas diluidas. Se examinan estos experimentos y otras novedades que cabe anticipar en la materia, entre ellas la medicion de la dispersion magnetica difusa en sales paramagneticas. El estudio de esta dispersion reviste enorme interes, pues proporciona informacion dilecta sobre la cantidad de spin transmitida por un ion magnetico a los ligandos que le rodean como resultado de la covalencia. (author) [Russian] Zadachej nastojashhej raboty javljaetsja rassmotrenie kak v principe, tak i s prakticheskoj tochki zrenija teh vidov dannyh, kotorye mozhno poluchit' v rezul'tate izuchenija neuprugogo diffuznogo rassejanija nejtronov. Vnimanie skoncentrirovano na teh sistemah, v kotoryh imeetsja razuporjadochen- noe raspolozhenie defektov, kazhdyj iz kotoryh mozhno uslovno schitat' ne podverzhennym vlijaniju drugih imejushhihsja defektov libo v rezul'tate razbavlenija, libo v rezul'tate otsutstvija zavisimosti ot okruzhenija. Pri jetih uslovijah intensivnost' rassejanija proporcional'na kvadratu modulja razlozhenija Fur'e po vozmushheniju v amplitude rassejanija, vyzvannomu defektom. Takim obrazom, dannye ob amplitude prostranstvennogo raspredelenija rassejanija defektov mogut byt' polucheny v rezul'tate vypolnenija sootvetstvujushhih izmerenij rassejanija nejtronov i

  9. Economic Criteria Applied to Nuclear Materials Management; Criteres Economiques Applicables a la Gestion des Matieres Nucleaires; Ehkonomicheskie kriterii, primenyaemye pri kontrole i uchete yadernykh materialov; Criterios Economicos Aplicados a la Administracion de Materiales Nucleares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shelley, W. J.; Kuehn, M. N. [Mallinckrodt Chemical Works, St. Charles, MS (United States)

    1966-02-15

    , primenjaemye pri kontrole i uchete jadernyh materialov. V celjah samogo racional'nogo kontrolja i ucheta jadernyh materialov postojanno proverjali i peresmatrivali proceduru, praktiku i metody kontrolja, a takzhe kadrovye voprosy. S cel'ju obespechenija togo, chtoby optimal'nye rashody byli sbalansirovany s neobhodimymi potrebnostjami kontrolja za jadernymi materialami, byli razrabotany nekotorye obshhie pravila. Ochen' vazhno opredelit' dejstvitel'nye potrebnosti v registracii i vydache svedenij. Dejstvitel'naja jekonomija dostigaetsja za schet vozlozhenija na odnu gruppu otvetstvennosti za kontrol' i uchet jadernyh materialov, za proizvodstvennyj kontrol' i rashody. Takomu personalu nuzhno okazyvat' doverie. Uchityvaja vazhnost' raboty, jetot personal dolzhen projti tshhatel'nuju podgotovku. Lica, nesushhie otvetstvennost' za kontrol' i uchet jadernyh materialov, dolzhny postojanno sledit' za malejshimi otklonenijami ot norm povedenija i harakteristik personala, za normal'nym ispol'zovaniem processov, sistem, procedur i metodov. Tol'ko blagodarja takomu otnosheniju i zhelaniju proizvodit' peresmotr v celjah uluchshenija, mozhno dobit'sja optimal'nogo sbalansirovanija rashodov i potrebnostej. (author)

  10. The Application of Various Nondestructive Testing Methods to Fuel Elements of the Orgel Type; Application des Differentes Methodes d'Essais Non Destructifs aux Elements Combustibles du Type Orgel; Primenenie razlichnykh nedestruktivnykh metodov ispytanij k toplivnym ehlementam tipa ''orgel''; Aplicacion de Distintos Metodos de Ensayo No Destructivo a los Elementos Combustibles de Tipo Orgel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonnet, P.; Jansen, J. [EURATOM, C.C.R., Ispra (Italy)

    1965-09-15

    experimentales para obtener una definicion satisfactoria. Para concluir, los autores presentan un proyecto de cadena de control semi-industrial, con las diferentes posibilidades de tratamiento existentes y formulan observaciones de validez general sobre los ensayos no destructivos aplicados e elementos combustibles. (author) [Russian] Izlagajutsja razlichnye metody obnaruzhenija defektov v obolochkah toplivnyh jelementov (defekty v razmerah ili strukture). Govoritsja takzhe ob okonchatel'nyh ispytanijah toplivnyh jelementov, v chastnosti o radiografii svarki i ob ispytanijah na germetichnost'. Jeta tema uzhe zatragivalas' chastichno. Izuchenie razmernyh harakteristik torcevogo sreza obolochki iz spechennogo aljuminievogo poroshka uzhe javljalos' temoj dovol'no razvernutyh issledovanij. V chastnosti izuchalis' sledujushhie voprosy: 1. Izmerenija vnutrennih i vneshnih diametrov na osnove primenenija pnevmaticheskih lovushek i registracii rezul'tatov. 2. Izmerenija tolshhiny na osnove ispol'zovanija libo ul'trazvuka po metodu rezonansa, libo luchej (kontrakt mezhdu Evratomom i Jeksperimental'nym institutom legkoj metallurgii) . 3. Kontrol' po strele progiba. 4. Ispytanija na rebristyh trubah. Obnaruzhenie defektov v obolochkah takzhe bylo temoj nauchnoj raboty, i kriterij neprigodnosti byl prinjat s uchetom budushhego primenenija obolochek. Daetsja opisanie sledujushhih ispytanij: a. Sozdanie iskusstvennyh treshhin i vyjavlenie zavisimosti ih vreda po sravneniju s dejstvitel'nymi treshhinami v spechennom aljuminievom poroshke. Jeto issledovanie v dejstvitel'nosti pokazalo bol'shuju chuvstvitel'nost' k prodol'nym treshhinam, voznikajushhim obychno v period prevrashhenij, vyzvannyh krupnymi vkraplenijami. b. Ispytanija ul'trazvukom. Prodol'nye treshhiny. Sravnenie metodov s dvumja i s odnoj lovushkoj svidetel'stvuet o predelah ispol'zovanija oboih metodov. Poperechnye treshhiny. Daetsja kratkoe opisanie metoda s odnoj lovushkoj, primenennogo v dannom issledovanii. Mehanicheskaja

  11. Present and Future Programmes in the Treatment and Ultimate Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Wastes in the United States of America; Programmes Actuels et Futurs de Traitement et d'Elimination Definitive des Dechets Radioactifs de Haute Activite aux Etats-Unis; 0422 0415 041a 0423 0429 0410 042f 0418 0411 0423 0414 ; Programas Estadounidenses Actuales y Futuros para el Tratamiento y Evacuacion Definitiva de Desechos de Elevada Radiactividad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belter, W. G. [United States Atomic Energy Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

    1963-02-15

    sostojanie'', v tom chisle ispol'zovanie metoda dvizhushhegosja sloja, podogrevaemyh tigelej, forsunochnyh kolonn s teploizlucheniem, vrashhajushhihsja pechej i gubchatoj keramiki. Issleduetsja takzhe vozmozhnost' dobavlenija k othodam, stekloobra- zuzhhcih materialov dlja poluchenija bolee ustojchivogo konechnogo produkta. Otmechajutsja nekotorye preimushhestva i nedostatki kazhdogo iz jetih processov. Rezjumiruetsja sostojanie razrabotka jetih processov v nastojashhee vremja i privodjatsja nkmetki budushhej programmy. Privodjatsja rezul'taty obsledovanija specifichnyh geologicheskih obrazovanij, kak, naprimer, soljanyh zalezhej, glubokih vodoemov i vodonepronicaemyh kristallicheskih porod na predmet ispol'zovanija ih dlja okonchatel'nogo hranenija ili udalenija kal'cinirovannyh tverdyh veshhestv ili nekotoryh vidov zhidkih othodov. Obsuzhdajutsja plany predpolagaemyh polevyh jeksperimentov s real'noj aktivnost'ju v solenyh zalezhah. Kratko opisyvaetsja programma razvedochnogo burenija na zavode Savanna River dlja opredelenija vozmozhnostej hranenija staryh othodov pervogo cikla v korennyh porodah, zalegajushhih neposredstvenno v rajone zavoda. Soobshhajutsja predvaritel'nye rezul'taty. Dajutsja kratkie ukazanija otnositel'no dolgosrochnyh tehnologicheskih issledovanij, provodimyh v nastojashhee vremja v Okridzhe, dlja ocenki stepeni bezopasnosti i jekonomichnosti razlichnyh metodov obrabotki, hranenija i okonchatel'nogo udalenija zhidkih i tverdyh vysokoaktivnyh othodov. Obsuzhdaetsja rol' jetoj programmy tehnicheskoj ocenki v svjazi s dal'nejshim planirovaniem programmy obrabotki radioaktivnyh othodov. (author)

  12. The Technology and Applications of Large Fission Product Beta Sources; Technologie et applications des grandes sources beta de fission; Tekhnologiya i primenenie krupnykh istochnikov beta-izluchenij, ispuskaemykh produktami deleniya; Tecnologia y utilizacion de los productos de fision como fuentes de irradiacion beta de elevada intensidad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silverman, Joseph [Radiation Applications Incorporated (United States)

    1960-07-15

    poverkhnostnykh sloev plastmassy i tekstilya. 2. Massivnye, prochnye, inertnye, bezopasnye i nedorogie istochniki beta-izluchenij mogut stroit'sya putem nadlezhashchego rasshireniya sushchestvuyushchikh tekhnicheskikh ustanovok. Osobenno mnogoobeshchayushchimi predstavlyayutsya zaklyuchayushchie v sebe istochniki steklyannye ampuly. 3. Podschety pogloshcheniya beta-izluchenij pokazyvayut, chto predstavlyaetsya vozmozhnym skonstruirovat netochechnye istochniki s dostatochno vysokim kpd ispol'zovani ya moshchnosti, dokhodyashchim do 20%. Byli vyvedeny uravneniya i sostavleny krivye dayushchie dozirovku i kpd ispol'zovani ya beta-izluchenij v zavisimosti ot konfiguratsii izluchatelya, sostava veshchestv i materialov, vkhodyashchikh v konstruktsiyu istochnika i misheni. Dlya proverki pravil'nosti ehtikh podschetov v nastoyashchee vremya provoditsya ehksperimental'na ya programma. 4. Izuchenie proizvodstvennoj sebestoimosti ukazyvat, chto beta-izlucheniya, ispuskaemye produktami deleniya, mogut konkurirovat' s drugimi istochnikami izluchenij. (author)

  13. The Enrico Fermi Atomic Power Plant; La centrais nucleaire Enrico Fermi; Atomnaya ehlektrostantsiya im Ehnriko Fermi.; La central nucleoelectrica Enrico Fermi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hartwell, R. W. [Power Reactor Development Company, Detroit, MI (United States)

    1963-10-15

    nejtronakh moshchnost'yu 100 mgvt (ehl.) bylo v osnovnom zakoncheno v dekabre 1961 goda. V techenie poslednikh 16 mesyatsev provodilis' shirokie ispytaniya sistem i komponentov. Ehta predpuskovaya programma ispytaniya okazalas' ochen' poleznoj dlya proverki konstruktsii i dlya opredeleniya neobkhodimykh izmenenij. Vse voznikshie problemy okazalis' razreshimymi. V doklade kratko osveshchayutsya naibolee vatnye izmeneniya. Grafitovaya zashchita. V dekabre 1960 goda pervyj kontur byl zapolnen natriem i byli nachaty shirokie ispytaniya. Kogda byl snova otkryt zashchitnyj bak pervogo kontura posle ispytaniya pervogo kontura pri temperature 1000{sup o}F, bylo obnaruzheno, chto bol'shaya chast' grafitovogo bloka zashchity, ustanovlennogo vokrug reaktora, povrezhdena. Vysokotemperaturnye bloki, nasyshchennye borom, uvelichilis' v ob''eme i poteryali prochnost'. Provedennyj tshchatel'nyj analiz pokazal, chto grafitovaya svyaz' povrezhdena. Bylo resheno zamenit' ves' grafit, ispol'zovat' karbid bora v kachestve soedineniya, soderzhashchego bor, ustanovit' blok s pomoshch'yu mekhanicheskogo krepleniya i dovesti vlazhnost' do minimuma. Izmeneniya v korpuse reaktora. Byl proveden remont i vneseny izmeneniya v konstruktsiyu dlya ustraneniya prichiny zaedaniya sborok, dlya likvidatsii povrezhdeniya, kotoroe yavilos' rezul'tatom ehtogo, i dlya ustraneniya v dal'nejshem neispravnosti v peremeshchayushchem mekhanizme upravleniya. Pered remontom byl udalen peremeshchayushchij mekhanizm upravleniya, korpus reaktora byl osushen ot natriya. Posle ehtogo podgotovlennyj peroonvl v spetsial'nykh zashchitnykh kostyumakh byl dopushchen vnutr' korpusa reaktora. Vkhod v rabochuyu zonu obespechivalsya s pomoshch'yu spetsial'nogo- vozdushnogo shl'za, poskol'ku v korpuse reaktora imelsya argon. Izmeneniya parogeneratora. Vo vremya gidrostaticheskikh ispytanij parogeneratora No. 2 byli obnaruzheny techi v neskol'kikh trubkakh. Prichinoj neispravnosti trubok bylo ikh rastreskivanie v rezul'tate korrozii ot

  14. Rapid Estimation of Fast-Neutron Doses following Radiation Exposure in Criticality Accidents: The S{sup 32}(n, p)P{sup 32} Reaction in Body Hair; Prompte Evaluation des Doses de Neutrons Rapides apres une Exposition au Rayonnement a la Suite d'Accidents de Criticite: Reaction {sup 32}S(n, p){sup 32}P dans le Systeme Pileux; 0411 042b 0421 0414 ; Evaluacion Acelerada de Dosis de Neutrones Rapidos Despues de una Irradiacion Consecutiva a un Accidente de Criticidad: La Reaccion {sup 32}S(n, p){sup 32}P en el Pelo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petersen, D. F. [Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, University of California, Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    1965-06-15

    dlja celej predvaritel'noj ocenki trebuetsja priblizitel'no shest' chasov. V rezul'tate provedenija jeksperimentov s ispol'zovaniem chetko opredelennyh spektrov delenija na nejekranirovannoj kriticheskoj sborke postojanno imelas' vozmozhnost' dat' ocenku nejtronnoj dozy v predelah {+-}10% v ramkah jetalonnoj dozimetrii. Bolee togo, opredelennoe anatomicheskoe stroenie obrazcov volos daet vozmozhnost' umen'shit' orientaciju i asimmetriju obluchenija v rezul'tate sravnenija otnositel'nyh udel'nyh aktivnostej obrazcov v razlichnyh chastjah organizma. Opyt raboty vo vremja treh jadernyh avarij v sostojanii kritichnosti, privedshih k zhertvam, pokazal, chto v kazhdom sluchae obluchenie bylo'zametno asimmetrichnym. Tak, v rezul'tate izmenenij soderzhanija R{sup 32} v volosah priobretaetsja cennaja dopolnitel'naja informacija dlja sravnenija so srednimi ocenkami nejtronnogo obluchenija vsego organizma, osnovannymi na izmerenijah soderzhanija Na{sup 24} v krovi. Ocenki vyhoda produktov delenija, osnovannye na metodah deduktivnoj geometrii, v kazhdom sluchae nahodilis' v horoshem soglasii s provedennymi nezavisimo opredelenijami obshhego vyhoda produktov delenija bolee obychnymi analiticheskimi metodami. Dlja bystrogo priblizitel'nogo opredelenija dozy bystryh nejtronov velichina aktivnosti R{sup 32} v rasp/min/g v volosah pri T = 0 pri ljuboj sisteme scheta izvestnoj jeffektivnosti prosto umnozhaetsja na kojefficient 0,49 dlja poluchenija velichiny nejtronnoj dozy v radah, vyrazhennoj v vide ''urovnja sery''. (author)

  15. Some Measurements of Thermal Neutron Spectra; Mesure de Spectres de Neutrons Thermiques; Nekotorye izmereniya spektrov teplovykh nejtronov; Algunas Mediciones de Espectros de Neutrones Termicos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poole, M. J.; Schofield, P.; Sinclair, R. N. [United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, Research Group, Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Harwell (United Kingdom)

    1964-04-15

    gomogennyh zamedliteljah. Jeta rabota osushhestvljaetsja paralell'no i v prodolzhenie bolee rannej raboty avtora, sluzhit dlja proverki prigodnosti poperechnyh sechenij perehoda jenergii afE'-E), vyvodimyh iz primenjaemogo zakona rassejanija. Odnako takoj opyt absoljutno nechuvstvitelen k uglovoj zavisimosti rassejanija i sootvetstvujushhej chasti poperechnogo sechenija rassejanija, ne vyzyvajushhej obmena jenergiej s nejtronom rassejanija, prichem oba jeti momenta igrajut vazhnuju rol' v reshenii ljuboj problemy prostranstvennoj zavisimosti. Sootvetstvenno osushhestvljalis' drugie opyty, v kotoryh narochno vvodilis' razryvy prostranstvennoj i teplovoj nepreryvnosti, chtoby postavit' spektr v zavisimost' ot polnogo zakona rassejanija. Pervym iz takih opytov javljaetsja tak nazyvaemyj {sup o}pyt s dvumja blokami{sup ,} v kotorom teplovye nejtrony diffundirujut iz grafitovogo bloka pri komnatnoj temperature vo vtoroj blok, temperatura kotorogo mozhet podnimat'sja do 400 Degree-Sign S. Spektry nejtronov izmerjajutsja v razlichnyh polozhenijah okolo razryva temperaturnoj nepreryvnosti putem vydelenija puchka nejtronov iz kazhdogo polozhenija i propuskanija ego cherez spektrometr po vremeni proleta s selektorom nejtronov. V kachestve predvaritel'nogo analiza iz opyta, kotoryj mozhet byt' sravnen s analogichnymi opytami Benneta i dr. kotorye primenili de- dektory, chuvstvitel'nye k jenergii, vyvodjatsja {sup p}operechnye sechenija retermalizacii{sup .} V celjah poluchenija bolee podrobnyh sravnitel'nyh dannyh v nastojashhee vremja provodjatsja raschety po mnogogruppovoj teorii diffuzii s ispol'zovaniem poluchennyh v Chok-River dannyh po zakonu rassejanija s popytkoj predugadat' formu jenergeticheskogo spektra v polozhenijah v oboih blokah. Vo vtorom opyte vmesto razryva teplovoj nepreryvnosti vvoditsja razryv prostranstvennoj nepreryvnosti. Kadmievyj disk dostatochnoj tolshhiny, chtoby schitat'sja ''chernym'' dlja vseh nejtronov s jenergiej men'she 0,4 jev, zakrepljaetsja v centre

  16. Recent Radiochemical Procedures for Bio-Assay Studies at Trombay; Methodes Radiochimiques d'Analyse Biologique Employees a Trombay; Nedavno razrabotannye v trombee radiokhimicheskie metody dlya biologicheskikh issledovanij; Regientes Metodos Radioquimicos Aplicados al Analisis Biologico en Trombay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamath, P. R.; Bhat, I. S.; Rudran, Kamala; Iyengar, M. A.R.; Koshy, Elizabeth; Waingankar, Urmila S.; Khanolkar, Vasanti S. [Health Physics Division, Atomic Energy Establishment Trombay, Bombay (India)

    1964-10-15

    . Izuchajutsja razlichnye metody vosstanovlenija Cs{sup 137} iz AMR. R{sup 32} osazhdaetsja v vide MgNH{sub 4}PO{sub 4} v prisutstvii EDTA v kachestve dejstvujushhego agenta. So{sup 60} vosstanavlivaetsja v vide hlorokompleksa metodami ionoobmena. J{sup 131} vydeljaetsja iz mochi hloristym serebrom metodami jekstrakcii v vanne. V doklade soobshhaetsja ob uspehah raboty laboratorii v oblasti bioanaliza v period s 1958 goda i do nastojashhego vremeni. (author)

  17. Shipment of Gross Quantities of Radiostrontium; Transport de Grandes Quantites de Radiostrontium; 0422 0420 0410 041d 0421 041f 041e 0420 0422 0418 0420 041e 0412 041a 0410 0411 041e 041b 042c 0428 0418 0425 041a 041e 041b 0418 0427 0415 0421 0422 0412 0420 0410 0414 0418 041e 0418 0417 041e 0422 041e 041f 041e 0412 ; Transporte de Grandes Cantidades de Radioestroncio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zahn, L. L.; Smith, C. W.; Junkins, R. L. [Hanford Laboratories General Electric Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1963-02-15

    vodosnabzhenija; pojetomu fizicheskie i himicheskie svojstva materiala, v kotoryj vveden transportiruemyj produkt, imejut bol'shoe znachenie. V avarijnyh sluchajah rassejanija dolgozhivushhih radioizotopov v naselennyh rajonah pridetsja proizvodit' shirokuju dezaktivaciju imushhestva i jevakuirovat' naselenie. Vvidu tjazhelyh posledstvij avarijnogo vybrosa radioaktivnogo veshhestva, hotja verojatnost' takih sluchaev i ne velika, bylo sochteno umestnym vvodit' objazatel'nye administrativnye mery kontrolja, chtoby preduprezhdat' takie avarii, a v sluchae, esli oni proizojdut - svodit' do minimuma ushherb ot nih. Ocenka ushherba ot podobnyh avarij vyjavila nekotorye oblasti, v kotoryh trebuetsja dal'nejshee uluchshenie uslovij transportirovki. V nastojashhee vremja vedutsja raboty po izyskaniju sposobov transportirovki, kotorye ne ugrozhajut zagrjazneniem produktov shirokogo potreblenija i obespechivajut bol'tuju ustojchivost' v avarijnyh uslovijah. Ispytyvajutsja na udar kontejnery obychnoj konstrukcii, i rezul'taty jetih ispytanij analizirujutsja dlja vyjavlenija optimal'nyh dannyh otnositel'no zhestkosti kontejnera i sootvetstvujushhej amortizacii v celjah povyshenija nadezhnosti konstrukcii. (author)

  18. Characteristics of the Beam-Plasma Discharge; Caracteristiques de la 'Decharge Faisceau-Plasma'; ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ РАЗРЯДА ПУЧКА В ПЛАЗМЕ; Caracteristicas de la Descarga Haz-Plasma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smullin, L. D.; Getty, W. D. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States)

    1966-04-15

    annotacii my podvodim itog nedavnej raboty po izucheniju vzaimodejstvija jelektronnogo puchka s plazmoj, prodelannoj v Massachuzetskom tehnologicheskom institute. Kogda jelektronnyj puchok prohodit cherez plazmu, on vozbuzhdaet kolebanija na plazmennoj chastote. Jeti mikrovolnovye kolebanija podderzhivajut mikrovolnovyj razrjad, i my nazvali ves' process ''puchkovym razrjadom'. Ionizacija okruzhajushhego gaza osushhestvljaetsja jelektronami vysokoj jEhnergii iz plazmy, kotorye uskorjajutsja poljami kolebanij. Rezul'tatom javljaetsja obrazovanie gorjachej jelektronnoj plazmy vnutri ustanovki s magnitnymi probkami. Poskol'ku parametry razrjada puchka v plazme predstavljajutsja neblagoprijatnymi dlja neposredstvennogo ionnogo nagreva vzaimodejstviem puchka s plazmoj, my pristupili k jeksperimentam, v kotoryh dopolnitel'naja radiochastotnaja jenergija nakladyvaetsja s cel'ju vozbuzhdenija ciklotronnyh kolebanij ionov dlja ionnogo nagreva. Rassmotreniju podlezhat ustojchivost' plazmy; plotnost', srednjaja jenergija i maksimal'naja jenergija jelektronov plazmy; i predvaritel'nye rezul'taty po ionnomu nagrevu. Provodjatsja jeksperimenty s pul'sirujushhim jelektronnym puchkom v 10-15 kv i 10 - 15 A, kotoryj inzhektiruetsja vdol' osi magnitnyh probok v'oblast' drejfa, soderzhashhuju H{sub 2} np 10{sup -5}-10{sup -4} torr. Plotnost' jelektronov plazmy ob{sup e}mom v 1 litr obychno sostavljaet 10{sup 12}-10{sup 13} sm{sup -3} i plotnost' poperechnoj jEhnergii obychno sostavljaet 10{sup 15} jev/sm{sup 3}, chto sootvetstvuet temperature poperechnyh jelektronov v 10{sup 2}-10{sup 3} jev. Izmerenie jenergij rentgenovskih luchej ukazyvaet na sushhestvovanie' jelektronov s jenergiej 50-100 kjev. Spad plazmy posle vykljuchenija puchka proishodit v dva jetapa: otnositel'no bystraja poterja jelektronov nizkoj jEhnergii, {tau} Less-Than-Or-Equal-To 1000 mksek, i medlennyj spad jelektronov vysokoj jEhnergii s {tau} = 10-50 msek. Vtoroj jeksperiment provoditsja s temi zhe parametrami

  19. Applications of Fluorine-18 in Biological Studies with Special Reference to Bone and Thyroid Physiology; Emploi du Fluor-18 dans des Études Biologiques, Notamment sur la Physiologie des Os et de la Thyroïde; ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕ ФТОРА-18 В БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯХ С УДЕЛЕНИЕМ ОСОБОГО ВНИМАНИЯ ВОПРОСАМ ФИЗИОЛОГИИ КОСТЕЙ И ФИЗИОЛОГИИ ПИТОВИДНОЙ ЖЕЛЕЗЫ; Aplicaciones del Fluor-18 en Estudios Biologicos, con Especial Referencia a la Fisiologia del Esqueleto y de la Tiroides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anbar, M. [Weizmann Institute of Science (Israel); IAEC Soreq Research Establishment, Rehovot (Israel)

    1963-03-15

    4} estimula la accion inhibidora que ejercen sobre la captacion de yodo los iones hierro, cobre, cinc, cadmio, fluoruro, tiocianiato y otros, demostrando que en ella interviene la funcion de captacion. En una serie analoga de experimentos, se encontro que los compuestos sulfhidrilicos y las azidas incrementan la captacion de fluoroborato, aunque disminuyen la captacion total de yodo. Seguidamente, se demostro que la funcion de captacion es menos radiosensible que las funciones de formacion y liberacion de tiroxina. Otra aplicacion muy distinta de los iones fluoroborato marcados con {sup 18}F fue la localizacion de tumores cerebrales por exploracion direccional de coincidencias en la que se aprovecha la baja permeabilidad para estos iones de la barrera sangre- cerebro intacta. Se prepararon agentes de quelacion fluoroaromaticos marcados con {sup 18}F y se aplicaron a problemas de fisiologia de tejido oseo. Para estudiar la permeabilidad a traves de membranas biologicas, se emplearon colorantes aromaticos vitales marcados con {sup 18}F. Se han preparado antimeiabolitos que contienen fluor, marcados con {sup 18}F, entre otros, el 5-fluorouracilo y el acido fluoroorotico y se han aplicado al estudio de problemas fisiologicos e investigaciones sobre el cancer. (author) [Russian] V techenie poslednih treh let ftor-18 primenjaetsja v nashej laboratorii dlja razlichnyh biologicheskih i medicinskih issledovanij. Razrabotany metody poluchenija ftora v rezul'tate reakcij s O{sup 16} (p, n), O{sup 15} (H{sup 3}, p), i F{sup 18} (n, 2 ,). Soedinenija, mechennye radioaktivnym ftorom, byli poducheny metodom izotopnogo obmena sinteza, mechenija otdachej i uderzhivaniem ftora vo ftoroorganicheskih soedinenijah v rezul'tate reakcii (p,2 p). Razrabotana special'naja tehnika scheta nizkogo urovnja aktivnosti dlja raboty s malymi aktivnostjami indikatornyh kolichestv organicheskih ftoristyh soedinenij. Iony ftora-18 byli ispol'zovany pri izuchenii fiziologii kostej. Bylo obnaruzheno

  20. The Control of Fast Reactors: Current Methods and Future Prospects; Controle des Reacteurs a Neutrons Rapides. Methodes Actuelles et Perspectives d'Avenir; Upravlenie reaktorami na bystrykh nejtronakh. sushchestvuyushchie metody i dal'nejshie perspektivy; Control de Reactores Rapidos: Metodos Actuales y Perspectivas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loewenstein, W. B. [Argonne National Laboratory, IL (United States)

    1964-06-15

    'ju vpolne nadezhnyh vychislenij, kotorye mogut byt' podtverzhdeny jeksperimental'nymi dannymi, poluchennymi na kriticheskih sborkah. Opisyvajutsja jeksperimental'nye rezul'taty i nedavno ispol'zovannye tochnye analiticheskie metody. Kriticheskie jeksperimenty dlja sushhestvujushhej gruppy reaktorov na bystryh nejtronah vkljuchajut mnogo issledovanij, otnosjashhihsja k reaktivnoj sposobnosti ih kontrol'nyh mehanizmov', a takzhe pereferijnyh jeksperimentov dlja usovershenstvovannyh sistem s gorazdo bol'shim ob{sup e}mom aktivnoj zony. Privodjatsja issledovatel'skie analiticheskie raboty, kotorye ukazyvajut na to, chto v budushhem, vozmozhno, ne potrebuetsja provedenie podrobnyh issledovanij na jeksperimental'nyh modeljah v natural'nuju velichinu. (author)

  1. Some Applications of Surface Barrier Solid-State Detectors for Alpha-Activity Detection and Measurement; Quelques Applications des Detecteurs a Semi-Conducteurs a Barriere de Surface pour Deceler et Mesurer l'Activite Alpha; Nekotorye vidy primeneniya detektorov tverdogo sostoyaniya s poverkhnostnym bar'erom dlya izmereniya i obnaruzheniya al'fa-aktivnosti; Aplicaciones de los Detectores de Semiconductores de Barrera Superficial a la Deteccion y Medicion de Emisores Alfa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perry, K. E.G. [Atomic Energy Establishment, Winfrith, Dorset (United Kingdom)

    1965-10-15

    i dlja special'nogo dozimetricheskogo obsledovanija po programme radiacionnoj bezopasnosti. Naibolee udobnym metodom opredelenija kolichestva plutonija, uderzhannogo v organizme cheloveka, podvergajushhegosja oblucheniju, javljaetsja sobiranie prob mochi i kala. Jeti proby obrabatyvajutsja himicheskim sposobom dlja izvlechenija plutonija, kotoryj otlagaetsja jelektroliticheskim sposobom na malye diski iz nerzhavejushhej stali dlja poluchenija tonkih ''istochnikov'' s nichtozhnym samopogloshheniem al'fa-aktivnosti. Pri normal'nyh uslovijah raboty professional'no podvergajushhegosja oblucheniju personala kolichestvo aktivnosti, sobiraemoj takim obrazom, chrezvychajno malo, chto vyzyvaet neobhodimost' ochen' tochuo izmerjat' ves'ma slabye aktivnosti v poluchennyh probah. Detektory tverdogo sostojanija imejut preimushhestvo pered detektorami drugih vidov (naprimer, pered scintilljacionnymi schetchikami ili proporcional'nymi schetchikami s gazovym potokom) v tom otnoshenii, chto oni dajut vozmozhnost' sil'no ponizit' fon, chto v svoju ochered' pozvoljaet obnaruzhivat' gorazdo bolee slabuju aktivnost'. Dlja jetih izmerenij shiroko primenjajutsja dva tipa priborov s ispol'zovaniem detektorov tverdogo sostojanija. Naibolee prostoj tip oborudovanija snabzhen detektorom dlja izmerenija obshhej al'fa-aktivnosti proby. Odnako esli imejutsja eshhe drugie al'fa-aktivnye radioizotopy, to dlja opredelenija dejstvitel'nogo soderzhanija plutonija detektory tverdogo sostojanija mogut byt' ispol'zovany bolee celesoobrazno v kachestve spektrometrov; analiz amplitudy impul'sov daet vozmozhnost' otlichit' jemissiju plutonija s jenergiej 5,14 Mjev ot al'fa-jemissij drugih radioizotopov. V nastojashhee vremja ispol'zujutsja dva tipa oborudovanija s primeneniem detektorov tverdogo sostojanija dlja analiza jenergij. Naibolee prostoj iz jetih priborov vkljuchaet detektor sostojanija diametrom 20 mm, prichem na vyhode jetogo detektora imeetsja kontur, vkljuchajushhij dva diskriminatora

  2. The Formation of Polymeric Products in Reactions of Polyvalent Recoil Atoms; Formation de Polymeres lors de Reactions Provoquees par des Atomes de Recul Polyvalents; Obrazovanie polimernykh produktov pri reaktsiyakh polivalentnykh atomov otdachi; Formacion de Polimeros en las Reacciones de Atomos de Retroceso Polivalentes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dzantiev, B. G.; Stukan, R. A.; Shvedchikov, A. P.; Shishkov, A. V. [Institut Himicheskoj Fiziki AN SSSR, Moskva, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1965-04-15

    del 30 al 40% de la actividad total. Por radiocromatografia sobre papel establecieron que los polimeros marcados poseeh una composicion compleja y constituyen una mezcla de por lo menos dos tipos de compuestos cualitativamente diferentes, cuyo rendimiento varia de distinta manera en funcion de la relacion entre los componentes. Un aumento del tiempo de irradiacion se traduce en un mayor rendimiento del polimero marcado. Para el sistema C{sub 6}H{sub 12}-CCl{sub 4} en fase liquida, el peso molecular del polimero se determino por difusion capilar, hallandose valores de 5 000 para el polimero de un tipo y de 500 a 1000 para el otro. Se observo tambien la formacion de un producto marcado de elevado punto de ebullicion al irradiar el CCl{sub 4} puro. Se efectuaron experimentos analogos en un sistema etileno-amoniaco en fase gaseosa a elevada presion, demostrandose que en este caso al irradiar el amoniaco anhidro puro, el principal producto marcado es el {sup 14}CH{sub 4}. Sin embargo, la adicion de pequenas cantidades de etileno hace que una gran parte -hasta el 80% - del {sup 14}C se estabilice en forma de polimero, cuyo rendimiento tambien varia considerablemente al aumentar la proporcion de etileno en el sistema, alcanzando un maximo cuando esta proporcion es del 10 al 15% de C{sub 2}H{sub 4}. Los autores demuestran que cuando el rendimiento del polimero marcado con {sup 14}C se representa en funcion de la composicion, la forma de la curva obtenida no se modifica al aumentar la intensidad de dosis y el flujo neuttonico. (author) [Russian] Odnoj iz osobennostej reakcij gorjachih atomov, poluchajushhihsja v rezul'tate jadernyh prevrashhenij, javljaetsja sposobnost' k obrazovaniju mechenyh polimernyh produktov. Naibolee jarko jeta tendencija projavljaetsja v sluchae polivalentnyh atomov otdachi, prichem vyhod polimera mozhet dostigat' v otdel'nyh sluchajah velichiny porjadka 90% ot obshhej aktivnosti. Cel'ju nastojashhej raboty javljaetsja issledovanie obrazovanija

  3. Plasma Stability in Magnetic Mirror Machine with Stabilizing Rods; Stabilite du Plasma dans une Machine a Miroirs Magnetiques avec Barreaux de Stabilisation; Ustojchivost' plazmy v probkotrone so stabiliziruyushchimi sterzhnyami; Estabilidad del Plasma en una Trampa de Espejos con Barras Estabilizadoras

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trubnikov, B. A. [Institut Atomnoj Ehnergii Im. I.V. Kurchatova, Moskva, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1966-04-15

    vyrezannym konusom i sluchaj, kogda vse chasticy obladajut odinakovymi znachenijami v{sup 2} i J = v{sup 2}{sub Up-Tack }/B. Ustojchivost' voznikaet pri {alpha} > (n-1)- Vulgar-Fraction-One-Half , prichem v pervuju ochered' stabilizirujutsja chasticy s malymi prodol'nymi skorostjami (v{sub ll} --> 0) , a po mere rosta a vse bolee dalekie h. Predel'noe znachenie {alpha}{sub kp} = (n - 1){sup - Vulgar-Fraction-One-Half} imeet prostoj fizicheskij smysl i sootvetstvuet usloviju {Delta} Divides B Divides >0 central'noj ploskosti probkotrona z = 0. V rabote podrobno rassmotreny sistemy s 4 i s 6 stabilizirujushhimi sterzhnjami. Rezul'taty rascheta sistemy's 6 sterzhnjami nahodjatsja v horoshem soglasii s jeksperimentami Ioffe s sotrudnikami, nabljudavshimi vozniknovenie stabilizirovannoj plazmy v probkotrone (pri sopostavlenii teorii s jeksperimentom prinimaetsja, chto plazma opisyvaetsja maksvellovskim raspredeleniem s vyrezannym konusom i prostiraetsja po dline vplot' do magnitnyh probok. Chtoby izbezhat' chislennyh raschetov v rabote rassmatrivalsja sluchaj h = Z{sub max}/1 << 1, kotoryj odnako jekstrapolirovalsja na znachenija h Tilde-Operator 1, chto dopustimo dlja polukolichestvennyh ocenok) Pomimo beskonechnyh sterzhnej v rabote byli rassmotreny sistemy so stabilizirujushhimi sterzhnjami konechnoj dliny, kotorye mogut byt' realizovany takzhe mnogopoljusnymi magnitami konechnoj dliny. Kak pokazano v rabote, stabilizacija'mozhet byt' dostignuta dazhe v predel'nom sluchae, ochen' korotkih sterzhnej, kogda ih mozhno rassmatrivat' kak sistemu 2p tochechnyh magnitnyh dipolej, raspolozhennyh v central'noj ploskosti probkotrona na okruzhnosti radiusa {alpha} i napravlennyh po radiusu ot osi (ili k osi - napravlenija cheredujutsja). Takie sistemy, rassmotrennye nami po predlozheniju L.A.Arcimovicha, mogut okazat'sja ves'ma perspektivnymi, tak kak ih konstrukcija oblegchaet dostup k plazme i pozvoljaet ustanovit' dopolnitel'nye ustrojstva dlja ee diagnostiki ili nagreva. (author)

  4. Comparison of Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory Clean Critical and Subcritical Experiments with Calculations; Etude Comparative des Calculs et des Experiences Critiques Non Empoisonnees et Souscritiques, Faits au Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory; Sravnenie chistykh kriticheskikh i podkriticheskikh opytov v nolle s raschetnymi dannymi; Comparacion de los Resultados Experimentales del Knolls Atomic Power Lamra Tory con los Valores Calculados Teoricamente en Conjuntos Criticos Limpios y Subcriticos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bach, D. R.; Bistline, J. A.; Bunch, S. I.; Cerbone, R. J.; Feiner, F.; Skolnik, W.; Slovacek, R. E.; Weinstein, S. [Knolls Atomic Tower Laboratory, Schenectady, NY (United States)

    1964-02-15

    anteriores en todo el intervalo experimental. Los resultados de los calculos de las constantes de desintegracion por medio de la tecnica de extraccion de los venenos que cumplen la ley 1/v, utilizando claves normales de computo de difusion de pocos grupos con condiciones de frontera dependientes del grupo, concuerdan, con un margen de error que no pasa de algunas unidades por ciento de las constantes medidas, en todo el intervalo desde 100 a 45 000 s{sup -1}. Comparando las mediciones del espectro efectuadas con el selector lento con los valores calculados partiendo de los datos mas recientes de los nucleos para el hidrogeno ligado en el caso del agua y el polietileoo, se observa una concordancia satisfactoria excepto en los sistemas de agua con elevado coeficiente de absorcion. En este ultimo caso, los espectros medidos son aun mas blandos que los espectros de atomos libres obtenidos por calculo. (author) [Russian] V Nollskoj atomno-jenergeticheskoj laboratorii osushhestvlja- etsja shirokaja programma opytov i raschetov dlja ocenki adekvatnosti raschetnyh metodov i jadernyh dannyh dlja vodorodosoderzhashhih sistem. V progamme imejutsja tri obshhih aspekta: 1) chistye kriticheskie opyty s tverdym gomogennym toplivom s vysokim sootnosheniem mezhdu ob{sup e}mom metalla i ob{sup e}mom vodoroda; 2) chistye kriticheskie o'pyty s toplivom v vide plastin s ohvatom bol'shogo diapazona razmerov aktivnoj zony, otnoshenijamass metalla i vody, plotnosti topliva i temperatury; 3) izmerenija postojannoj raspada mgnovennyh nejtronov i spektroa stacionarnogo sostojanija v podkriticheskih sistemah s takoj zhe strukturoj. Toplivnye jelementy dlja opytov s tverdym gomogennym toplivom predstavljajut soboj spressovannye uplotnenija iz poroshkov ZrO{sub 2} i vysokoobogashhennogo UO{sub 2}, ravnomerno sme- shannyh s parafinom. Bloki otrazhatelja s takim zhe otnosheniem mass ZrO{sub 2} i parafina, kak i toplivnye bloki, pozvoljajut konstruirovat' otrazhaemye aktivnye zony s ravnomerno pa

  5. Detailed design of a fixed filter-paper alpha-air-monitor with less than 15-min response time; Detecteur d'aerosols contenant des emetteurs alpha, muni d'un papier filtre fixe, a temps de reponse inferieur a quinze minutes; Podrobnaya konstruktsiya vozdushnogo registratora al'fa-chastits s fiksirovannym bumazhnym fil'trom so vremenem srabatyvaniya menee pyatnadtsati minut; Monitor de hoja de papel filtro fija para emisores alfa suspendidos en el aire, cuyo tiempo de reaccion es inferior a 15 minutos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gentry, W O; Seaborn, G B [Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    1962-04-15

    pequeno tamano y su sencillez, asi como por el hecho de que su construccion, empleo y conservacion resultan mucho mas economicas que las de cualquiera de los monitores conocidos hasta el presente. Da una senal de alarma en menos de 15 min cuando la concentracion del polvo de uranio supera los 2,1 {center_dot} 10-10 {mu}c/cm{sup 3} (tres veces y media la concentracion maxima admisible para una exposicion de 40 h por semana). Ademas de emitir esa senal de alarma, el monitor permite medir la concentracion semanal media del polvo de uranio, quitando el papel de filtro y midiendo la intensidad ''de la radiacion despues de un periodo conveniente de desintegracion de la actividad natural. (author) [Russian] Osnovnoj dozimetricheskoj problemoj na gazovykh diffuzionnykh zavodakh, gde proiskhodit razdelenie izotopov urana, yavlyaetsya registratsiya uranovoj pyli v vozdukhe, izluchayushchej al'fa-chastitsy. V techenie neskol'kikh let na Okridzhskom gazovom diffuzionnom zavode osushchestvlyaetsya programma razrabotki bolee sovershennykh kontrol'no-izmeritel'nykh priborov dlya obnaruzheniya ehtoj pyli. V dannom doklade obsuzhdaetsya razrabotannyj nedavno pribor, kotoryj obespechivaet podachu bystrogo trevozhnogo signala, esli kontsentratsiya osvobozhdayushchejsya uranovoj pyli v vozdukhe dostigaet opasnykh urovnej. Do razrabotki ehtogo pribora neobkhodima byla primerno pyatichasovaya zaderzhka, kotoraya davala vremya dlya raspada estestvennoj atmosfernoj radioaktivnosti, prezhde chem mozhno bylo obnaruzhit' dolgozhivushchie al'fa-izluchateli uranovoj pyli. Razrabotannyj nedavno pribor rabotaet na sleduyushchem printsipe: kogda sobrana pyl' v vozdukhe, soderzhashchaya dochernie produkty estestvennogo atmosfernogo radona, aktivnost' vozrastet do kvazi-ravnovesnogo znacheniya, pri kotorom skorost' osazhdeniya budet ravna skorosti raspada. V takom sluchae uranovaya pyl' nablyudaetsya po mere bystrogo izmeneniya uslovij ravnovesiya. Unikal'noj kharakteristikoj pribora yavlyaetsya ispol