Sample records for preprogrammed command sequence

  1. Smectic Layer Origami via Preprogrammed Photoalignment. (United States)

    Ma, Ling-Ling; Tang, Ming-Jie; Hu, Wei; Cui, Ze-Qun; Ge, Shi-Jun; Chen, Peng; Chen, Lu-Jian; Qian, Hao; Chi, Li-Feng; Lu, Yan-Qing


    Hierarchical architecture is of vital importance in soft materials. Focal conic domains (FCDs) of smectic liquid crystals, characterized by an ordered lamellar structure, attract intensive attention. Simultaneously tailoring the geometry and clustering characteristics of FCDs remains a challenge. Here, the 3D smectic layer origami via a 2D preprogrammed photoalignment film is accomplished. Full control of hierarchical superstructures is demonstrated, including the domain size, shape, and orientation, and the lattice symmetry of fragmented toric FCDs. The unique symmetry breaking of resultant superstructures combined with the optical anisotropy of the liquid crystals induces an intriguing polarization-dependent diffraction. This work broadens the scientific understanding of self-assembled soft materials and may inspire new opportunities for advanced functional materials and devices.

  2. BuddySuite: Command-line toolkits for manipulating sequences, alignments, and phylogenetic trees. (United States)

    Bond, Stephen R; Keat, Karl E; Barreira, Sofia N; Baxevanis, Andreas D


    The ability to manipulate sequence, alignment, and phylogenetic tree files has become an increasingly important skill in the life sciences, whether to generate summary information or to prepare data for further downstream analysis. The command line can be an extremely powerful environment for interacting with these resources, but only if the user has the appropriate general-purpose tools on hand. BuddySuite is a collection of four independent yet interrelated command-line toolkits that facilitate each step in the workflow of sequence discovery, curation, alignment, and phylogenetic reconstruction. Most common sequence, alignment, and tree file formats are automatically detected and parsed, and over 100 tools have been implemented for manipulating these data. The project has been engineered to easily accommodate the addition of new tools, it is written in the popular programming language Python, and is hosted on the Python Package Index and GitHub to maximize accessibility. Documentation for each BuddySuite tool, including usage examples, is available at wiki. All software is open source and freely available through

  3. 21 CFR 870.1435 - Single-function, preprogrammed diagnostic computer. (United States)


    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Single-function, preprogrammed diagnostic computer... Single-function, preprogrammed diagnostic computer. (a) Identification. A single-function, preprogrammed diagnostic computer is a hard-wired computer that calculates a specific physiological or blood-flow...

  4. Is the functional stretch response servo controlled or preprogrammed? (United States)

    Chan, C W; Kearney, R E


    Recent findings in humans and primates suggest that the long latency electromyographic (EMG) responses, evoked by opposing sudden limb displacements, might be mediated via a transcortical pathway. However, it is not clear whether these "late" responses are servo controlled or preprogrammed. We have addressed these questions in two interrelated experimental series. Firstly, the late EMG responses (termed the FSR) evoked in the ankle muscles of 8-12 normal human subjects were mapped as a function of displacement amplitude and velocity. Secondly, the FSR evoked by sustained ramp displacements (lasting 500 msec) were compared with those elicited by transient pulse displacements (lasting 60 msec) having entirely different amplitude and velocity profiles. The findings demonstrated a general lack of a systematic relationship between the characteristics of the initial component of the FSR and displacement parameters, although exceptions were noted in individual subjects. Furthermore, no marked difference was found in either the latency or the rise time of the FSRs evoked by ramp and pulse displacements. The similarity of the FSRs in spite of widely different input patterns is not consistent with the behaviour of a servo response. However, such a finding is in agreement with the concept of a preprogrammed pattern of activity which, once triggered, has to run its full course without the possibility of modification. It is therefore concluded that, at least the initial part of the FSR is generated by the triggered release of a preformulated pattern of intended movement relatively independent of the specific pattern of limb displacement, rather than acting in the manner of a servo mechanism.

  5. An Ionizing Radiation Sensor Using a Pre-Programmed MAHAOS Device

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-Ching Hsieh


    Full Text Available Metal-aluminum oxide–hafnium aluminum oxide‒silicon oxide–silicon (hereafter MAHAOS devices can be candidates for ionizing radiation sensor applications. In this work, MAHAOS devices (SONOS-like structures with high k stack gate dielectric were studied regarding the first known characterization of the ionization radiation sensing response. The change of threshold voltage VT for a MAHAOS device after gamma ray exposure had a strong correlation to the total ionization dose (TID of gamma radiation up to at least 5 Mrad TID. In this paper, the gamma radiation response performances of the pre-programmed and virgin (non-pre-programmed MAHAOS devices are presented. The experimental data show that the change of VT for the pre-programmed MAHAOS device with gamma irradiation is very significant. The data of pre-programmed MAHAOS devices written by 5 Mrad TID of gamma radiation was also stable for a long time with data storage. The sensing of gamma radiation by pre-programmed MAHAOS devices with high k stack gate dielectric reported in this study has demonstrated their potential application for non-volatile ionizing radiation sensing technology in the future.

  6. Comparison of skin sensory thresholds using pre-programmed or single-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. (United States)

    Kang, Jong Ho


    [Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to compare the sensory thresholds of healthy subjects using pre-programmed or single-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. [Subjects] Ninety healthy adult subjects were randomly assigned to pre-programmed or single-frequency stimulation groups, each consisting of 45 participants. [Methods] Sensory thresholds were measured in the participants' forearms using von Frey filaments before and after pre-programmed or single-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and the result in values were analyzed. [Results] Significant increases in sensory threshold after stimulation were observed in both groups. However, there were no significant differences between the two groups in sensory thresholds after stimulation or in the magnitude of threshold increases following stimulation. [Conclusion] Our results show that there are no differences between sensory threshold increases induced by pre-programmed and single-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.

  7. Preprogrammed capillarity to passively control system-level sequential and parallel microfluidic flows. (United States)

    Kim, Sung-Jin; Paczesny, Sophie; Takayama, Shuichi; Kurabayashi, Katsuo


    In microfluidics, capillarity-driven solution flow is often beneficial, owing to its inherently spontaneous motion. However, it is commonly perceived that, in an integrated microfluidic system, the passive capillarity control alone can hardly achieve well-controlled sequential and parallel flow of multiple solutions. Despite this common notion, we hereby demonstrate system-level sequential and parallel microfluidic flow processing by fully passive capillarity-driven control. After manual loading of solutions with a pipette, a network of microfluidic channels passively regulates the flow timing of the multiple solution menisci in a sequential and synchronous manner. Also, use of auxiliary channels and preprogramming of inlet-well meniscus pressure and channel fluidic conductance allow for controlling the flow direction of multiple solutions in our microfluidic system. With those components orchestrated in a single device chip, we show preprogrammed flow control of 10 solutions. The demonstrated system-level flow control proves capillarity as a useful means even for sophisticated microfluidic processing without any actively controlled valves and pumps.

  8. Designing a Decision Support System (DSS) for Academic Library Managers Using Preprogrammed Application Software on a Microcomputer. (United States)

    McDonald, Joseph


    Focusing on management decisions in academic libraries, this article compares management information systems (MIS) with decision support systems (DSS) and discusses the decision-making process, information needs of library managers, sources of data, reasons for choosing microcomputer, preprogrammed application software, prototyping a system, and…

  9. Preprogrammed, parallel on-chip immunoassay using system-level capillarity control. (United States)

    Kim, Sung-Jin; Paczesny, Sophie; Takayama, Shuichi; Kurabayashi, Katsuo


    Fully manual use of conventional multiwell plates makes enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)-based immunoassays highly time-consuming and labor-intensive. Here, we present a capillarity-driven on-chip immunoassay that greatly saves time and labor with an inexpensive setup. Our immunoassay process starts with pipetting multiple solutions into multiwells constructed on a microfluidic device chip. Subsequently, capillarity spontaneously transports multiple sample solutions and common reagent solutions into assigned detection channels on the chip in a purely passive and preprogrammed manner. Our device implements capillarity-driven immunoassays involving four sample and six reagent solutions within 30 min by orchestrating the functions of on-chip passive components. Notably, our immunoassay technique reduces the total number of pipetting processes by ~5 times, as compared to assays on multiwell plates (48 vs 10). This assay technique allows us to quantify the concentrations of C-reactive protein and suppressor of tumorigenicity 2 with a detection limit of 8 and 90 pM, respectively. This device should be useful for sophisticated, parallel biochemical microfluidic processing in point-of-care settings under limited resources.

  10. Remote Task-level Commanding of Centaur over Time Delay (United States)

    Schreckenghost, Debra; Ngo, Tam; Burridge, Robert; Wang, Lui; Izygon, Michel


    Remote operation of robots on the lunar surface by ground controllers poses unique human-robot interaction challenges due to time delay and constrained bandwidth. One strategy for addressing these challenges is to provide task-level commanding of robots by a ground controller. Decision-support tools are being developed at JSC for remote task-level commanding over time-delay. The approach is to provide ground procedures that guide a controller when executing task-level command sequences and aid awareness of the state of command execution in the robot. This approach is being evaluated using the Centaur robot at JSC. The Centaur Central Commander provides a task-level command interface that executes on the robot side of the delay. Decision support tools have been developed for a human Supervisor in the JSC Cockpit to use when interacting with the Centaur Central Commander. Commands to the Central Commander are defined as instructions in a procedure. Sequences of these instructions are grouped into procedures for the Cockpit Supervisor. When a Supervisor is ready to perform a task, a procedure is loaded into the decision support tool. From this tool, the Supervisor can view command sequences and dispatch individual commands to Centaur. Commands are queued for execution on the robot side of the delay. Reliable command sequences can be dispatched automatically upon approval by the Supervisor. The decision support tool provides the Supervisor with feedback about which commands are waiting for execution and which commands have finished. It also informs the Supervisor when a command fails to have its intended effect. Cockpit procedures are defined using the Procedure Representation Language (PRL) developed at JSC for mission operations. The decision support tool is based on a Procedure Sequencer and multi-agent software developed for human-robot interaction. In this paper the approach for remote task-level commanding of robots is described and the results of the evaluation

  11. Capturing a Commander's decision making style (United States)

    Santos, Eugene; Nguyen, Hien; Russell, Jacob; Kim, Keumjoo; Veenhuis, Luke; Boparai, Ramnjit; Stautland, Thomas Kristoffer


    A Commander's decision making style represents how he weighs his choices and evaluates possible solutions with regards to his goals. Specifically, in the naval warfare domain, it relates the way he processes a large amount of information in dynamic, uncertain environments, allocates resources, and chooses appropriate actions to pursue. In this paper, we describe an approach to capture a Commander's decision style by creating a cognitive model that captures his decisionmaking process and evaluate this model using a set of scenarios using an online naval warfare simulation game. In this model, we use the Commander's past behaviors and generalize Commander's actions across multiple problems and multiple decision making sequences in order to recommend actions to a Commander in a manner that he may have taken. Our approach builds upon the Double Transition Model to represent the Commander's focus and beliefs to estimate his cognitive state. Each cognitive state reflects a stage in a Commander's decision making process, each action reflects the tasks that he has taken to move himself closer to a final decision, and the reward reflects how close he is to achieving his goal. We then use inverse reinforcement learning to compute a reward for each of the Commander's actions. These rewards and cognitive states are used to compare between different styles of decision making. We construct a set of scenarios in the game where rational, intuitive and spontaneous decision making styles will be evaluated.

  12. Detonation command and control (United States)

    Mace, Jonathan L.; Seitz, Gerald J.; Echave, John A.; Le Bas, Pierre-Yves


    The detonation of one or more explosive charges and propellant charges by a detonator in response to a fire control signal from a command and control system comprised of a command center and instrumentation center with a communications link therebetween. The fire control signal is selectively provided to the detonator from the instrumentation center if plural detonation control switches at the command center are in a fire authorization status, and instruments, and one or more interlocks, if included, are in a ready for firing status. The instrumentation and command centers are desirably mobile, such as being respective vehicles.

  13. Detonation command and control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mace, Jonathan L.; Seitz, Gerald J.; Echave, John A.; Le Bas, Pierre-Yves


    The detonation of one or more explosive charges and propellant charges by a detonator in response to a fire control signal from a command and control system comprised of a command center and instrumentation center with a communications link there between. The fire control signal is selectively provided to the detonator from the instrumentation center if plural detonation control switches at the command center are in a fire authorization status, and instruments, and one or more interlocks, if included, are in a ready for firing status. The instrumentation and command centers are desirably mobile, such as being respective vehicles.

  14. The command control; Le controle commande

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Billet, A.; Hilsenkopf, Ph.; Malry, Y. [Areva NP, 75 - Paris (France)


    The present article has for aim to detail the stakes of the nuclear rebirth which the command-control faces: to master the technological evolutions, to bring a strong response to the problematics of qualification and reliability more sensitive by the passage to numerical and to answer the needs of renovation of existing nuclear power plants. The Areva reply to these stakes is specified. (N.C.)

  15. Robot Task Commander with Extensible Programming Environment (United States)

    Hart, Stephen W (Inventor); Yamokoski, John D. (Inventor); Wightman, Brian J (Inventor); Dinh, Duy Paul (Inventor); Gooding, Dustin R (Inventor)


    A system for developing distributed robot application-level software includes a robot having an associated control module which controls motion of the robot in response to a commanded task, and a robot task commander (RTC) in networked communication with the control module over a network transport layer (NTL). The RTC includes a script engine(s) and a GUI, with a processor and a centralized library of library blocks constructed from an interpretive computer programming code and having input and output connections. The GUI provides access to a Visual Programming Language (VPL) environment and a text editor. In executing a method, the VPL is opened, a task for the robot is built from the code library blocks, and data is assigned to input and output connections identifying input and output data for each block. A task sequence(s) is sent to the control module(s) over the NTL to command execution of the task.

  16. Command Overview 2012 (United States)


    XXXX = Xxx 1 Captain William W. DeBow Commander Port Hueneme Division Naval Surface Warfare Center COMMAND OVERVIEW 2012 Report Documentation... Xxx XXXX = Xxx 3 Bumper Washington D.C. *  Headquarters Virginia Beach *  Radars White Sands *  Missile Systems *  Overland Testing *  HE...Homeport for Navy’s Test Ship •  Deep Water Port •  49 Years of Fleet Support XXXX = Xxx XXXX = Xxx 4 Bumper Unique Facilities Deep Water

  17. 由MOVX指令深入分析51单片机总线时序及扩展%Deeply analyzing bus sequence and expansion of 51 MUC by command MOVX

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周姝颖; 林凡强; 何凌霄; 富饶


    This paper analyzes the process of the command "MOVX" that MCS51 accesses its external memory , and introduces the four key elements of the serial of 51 MCU: external expansion of 51MCU , bus sequence , the method of address decoding and the method of accessing address space which beyond 64 KB . Case in MCS51 developed in laboratory , the paper analyzes the im-portance , method and principle of expanding external space , and shows the block diagram of system expansion of MCU and the character of the address decoding .%分析了 MCS51单片机访问外部存储器指令 MOVX 的执行过程,介绍了51系列单片机使用的四要素;分析了51单片机在外部扩展、总线时序、地址译码方法重点以及对超过64 KB 地址空间访问的方法。并以实验室研制的 MCS51单片机实验仪为例,分析了外部空间开展的重要性、方法和原理,给出了单片机系统扩展框图和地址译码表。

  18. Verifying command sequences for satellite systems (United States)

    Peters, James F., III; Ramanna, Sheela


    We present a formal basis for the design of a Checker used in validating safe schedules and in selecting error recovery schedules for satellite control systems. This design includes a high-level specification of Checker behavior and properties (called flight rules) of safe schedules. Specifications are written in Timed Linear Logic (TLL). Validation of schedules is performed in terms of real-time telemetry and deduction system proof rules. Telemetry (state information for satellite subsystems) serves as input to the Checker. Detection of violation of a flight rule by the Checker results in the selection of a contingency plan (error recovery schedule). The Checker is illustrated in terms of the TOPEX/Poseidon Oceanographic Satellite System.

  19. Command and motivation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Christian Bøtcher; Hvidtved, Johan; Andersen, Lotte Bøgh


    Motivated employees are crucial to organizations, but external interventions such as command systems and financial incentives may decrease motivation. If these external interventions are perceived to be controlling, they are expected to crowd out intrinsic motivation, and this may also apply...... to other types of autonomous motivation such as public service motivation. The perception of external interventions is thus expected to be vital. This article investigates how the perception of a specific command system (obligatory student plans) is associated with intrinsic motivation and public service...... motivation. Using a dataset with 3,230 school teachers in Denmark, a structural equation model shows that the perception of obligatory student plans as controlling is negatively associated with all of the investigated types of employee motivation, supporting that motivation crowding can occur....

  20. Examining Cyber Command Structures (United States)


    C2 command and control CIA Central Intelligence Agency CMT cyber mission team CNA computer network attack CND computer network defense CNE...defense [ CND ]) all had roles in cyberspace. Unlike space, the functions of the disparate organizations (other than the NSA) were brought together...subsequent disestablishment also brought the CND mission to USCYBERCOM.71 In this dual-hatted setup, the USCYBERCOM and NSA head is responsible for both

  1. Controle commande d'un robot sousmarin


    Durand, D.; Domingo, J; Levallois, E


    This system is composed of a high accuracy hydraulic manipulator arm with 6 degrees of freedom, for high loads (2000 daN), using ultrasound proximetry and contact force measurement data to carry out the subsea connection of bottom oil wells. An expert system controls the connection phases and generates the sequences of commands to be executed by the robot. The safety systems and failure modes are also taken into account. A graphic operator station provides easy control. Each connection phase ...

  2. Beyond Mission Command: Maneuver Warfare for Cyber Command and Control (United States)


    elements with maneuver warfare, mission command’s decentralization of execution through the use of mission-type orders is a more centralized form... decentralized command and control organization will instill an innovative organizational culture. Innovation will be able to freely prosper in an...warfare’s decentralized command and control doctrine to maximize military cyberspace operations. Since the establishment of U.S. Cyber Command in 2009

  3. Theater Special Operations Commands Realignment (United States)


    D. Teske Mr. William C. Fleser United States Special Operations Command 7701 Tampa Point Boulevard MacDill Air Force Base, Florida 33621 Point...of Contact Ken D. Teske United States Special Operations Command 7701 Tampa Point Boulevard MacDill Air Force Base, Florida 33621 (757) 510...Theater Special Operations Commands Realignment Mr. Michael D. Tisdel Mr. Ken D. Teske Mr. William C. Fleser 19th ICCRTS 17 June 2014 Paper ID

  4. Interactive Raytracing: The nirt Command (United States)


    Interactive Raytracing : The nirt Command by Clifford Yapp ARL-CR-624 April 2009 prepared by Quantum Research...Laboratory Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21005-5068 ARL-CR-624 April 2009 Interactive Raytracing : The nirt Command Clifford Yapp Quantum...DATES COVERED (From - To) June 2008–October 2008 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Interactive Raytracing : The nirt Command 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER W911QX-06-F

  5. Ready...Set... Command! Rethinking Training for Squadron Commanders (United States)


    AIR WAR COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY READY… SET… COMMAND! RETHINKING TRAINING FOR SQUADRON COMMANDERS by Jeremy S. Anderson, Lt Col, USAF A...with the “care and feeding” of their squadrons as they train, organize, and equip Airmen, encompassing a myriad of tasks, processes , and reporting. The...their units, noting continuous process improvement as the key to highly successful 8 David L

  6. The eutrophication commandments. (United States)

    Fulweiler, R W; Rabalais, N N; Heiskanen, A S


    Typically, rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are used to illustrate how humans have impacted the earth. However, we have also dramatically altered the amount of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) cycling through the biosphere. Eventually these nutrients are carried to coastal receiving waters where they cause severe, often negative consequences including increased phytoplankton and macroalgae blooms, loss of submerged aquatic vegetation, low oxygen events, and decreased biodiversity. In many systems mitigation efforts are now underway to return these ecosystems to a less impacted state. While many uncertainties about the best way to manage eutrophic systems remain it is clear that we must take action to lessen our human nutrient footprint. Based on our current understanding of eutrophic systems we present ten eutrophication commandments or guidelines as a tool for scientists, policy makers, managers, and the public.

  7. Modelling of command and control agility

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Oosthuizen, R


    Full Text Available Different systems engineering techniques and approaches are applied to design and develop Command and Control solutions for complex problems. Command and Control is a complex sociotechnical system where human commanders make sense of a situation...

  8. Garrison Command Skills for Success (United States)


    Leadership ” in Leadership : Theory and Practice , third edition, by Peter G. Northouse (Thousand Oaks, CA.: Sage) 2006, pp. 206-210 11. From Garrison Commander briefing received via personal e-mail, Oct. 3, 2007. ...5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) U.S. Army War College,Department of Command, Leadership & Management...Strate- gic Leadership Primer”3 that is the off- At the time of the publication of this article, the slate of garrison commanders

  9. Gettysburg: A Study in Command (United States)


    division (VA) -- George Pickett (7500 men) with brigades commanded by: --- Kemper --- Garnett --- Armistead Total forces: ~12,500...with 2 brigades forward (Garnett north, Kemper south, Armistead to the rear). 8 States

  10. The SAS-3 delayed command system (United States)

    Hoffman, E. J.


    To meet the requirements arising from the increased complexity of the power, attitude control and telemetry systems, a full redundant high-performance control section with delayed command capability was designed for the Small Astronomy Satellite-3 (SAS-3). The relay command system of SAS-3 is characterized by 56 bystate relay commands, with capability for handling up to 64 commands in future versions. The 'short' data command service of SAS-1 and SAS-2 consisting of shifting 24-bit words to two users was expanded to five users and augmented with a 'long load' data command service (up to 4080 bits) used to program the telemetry system and the delayed command subsystem. The inclusion of a delayed command service ensures a program of up to 30 relay or short data commands to be loaded for execution at designated times. The design and system operation of the SAS-3 command section are analyzed, with special attention given to the delayed command subsystem.

  11. Command Process Modeling & Risk Analysis (United States)

    Meshkat, Leila


    Commanding Errors may be caused by a variety of root causes. It's important to understand the relative significance of each of these causes for making institutional investment decisions. One of these causes is the lack of standardized processes and procedures for command and control. We mitigate this problem by building periodic tables and models corresponding to key functions within it. These models include simulation analysis and probabilistic risk assessment models.

  12. Identification of Company Command Competencies (United States)


    45 Virtual role plays ( VRPs ) could be used to measure many of the company command competencies identified in this project. In a VRP , the user...could play the role of a Company Commander who must deal with myriad crises, challenges, and potential opportunities. In a web- enabled VRP , the be concerned about. Future research should create VRPs or other engaging assessments to determine proficiency levels on the identified company

  13. Strategic Global Climate Command? (United States)

    Long, J. C. S.


    Researchers have been exploring geoengineering because Anthropogenic GHG emissions could drive the globe towards unihabitability for people, wildlife and vegetation. Potential global deployment of these technologies is inherently strategic. For example, solar radiation management to reflect more sunlight might be strategically useful during a period of time where the population completes an effort to cease emissions and carbon removal technologies might then be strategically deployed to move the atmospheric concentrations back to a safer level. Consequently, deployment of these global technologies requires the ability to think and act strategically on the part of the planet's governments. Such capacity most definitely does not exist today but it behooves scientists and engineers to be involved in thinking through how global command might develop because the way they do the research could support the development of a capacity to deploy intervention rationally -- or irrationally. Internationalizing research would get countries used to working together. Organizing the research in a step-wise manner where at each step scientists become skilled at explaining what they have learned, the quality of the information they have, what they don't know and what more they can do to reduce or handle uncertainty, etc. Such a process can increase societal confidence in being able to make wise decisions about deployment. Global capacity will also be enhanced if the sceintific establishment reinvents misssion driven research so that the programs will identify the systemic issues invovled in any proposed technology and systematically address them with research while still encouraging individual creativity. Geoengineering will diverge from climate science in that geoengineering research needs to design interventions for some publically desirable goal and investigates whether a proposed intervention will acheive desired outcomes. The effort must be a systems-engineering design problem

  14. The Double Love Commandment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francois P. Viljoen


    Full Text Available The Gospel of Matthew was written during a period of dispute between the Matthean community and their fellow Jews, with the Pharisees playing a leading role. The Matthean community was heir to the same scriptures as its opponents. They continued to have a firm commitment to the Torah, but they developed a distinctive understanding of it based on Jesus’ teaching. The formation of this community is investigated in this article, considering the Mediterranean perspectives of group-oriented societies prevalent in the first century. Such a group provided a sense of self and an interactive support system, where love functioned to bind the group together. The subordinates showed their undivided loyalty towards their superiors because of the favours they received from them, whilst they supported and cared for other members within the group as they care for themselves. Reading the double love commandment of Matthew 22:34−40 from this perspective reveals significant aspects of the community’s identity with regard to their commitment to God and their view of their neighbours.Die Dubbele Liefdesgebod. Die Matteusevangelie is gedurende ’n periode van konfliktussen die Matteusgemeenskap en mede-Jode geskryf met die Fariseërs in ’n leidende rol. Die Matteusgemeenskap het van dieselfde geskrifte as hulle opponente gebruik gemaak. Hulle was steeds aan die Torah lojaal, maar het ’n unieke interpretasie daarvan gehuldig, gebaseer op die onderrig van Jesus. In hierdie artikel word die vorming van die Matteusgemeenskap ondersoek met inagneming van die Mediterreense beskouing van die groepgeoriënteerde gemeenskappe wat tipies van die eerste eeu was. So ’n groep het aan individue ’n bewustheid van eie waarde verskaf te midde van ’n interaktiewe ondersteuningsisteem waarin liefde as samebindende faktor gefunksioneer het. Ondergeskiktes het onverdeelde lojaliteit teenoor hulle meerderes betoon vanweë die gunste wat hulle van die meerderes geniet het

  15. Single-channel digital command-detection system (United States)

    Carl, C. C.; Couvillon, L. A.; Goldstein, R. M.; Posner, E. C.; Green, R. R.


    System, fabricated of highly-reliable digital logic elements, operates on binary pulse-code-modulated signals and derives internal synchronization from data signal. All-digital implementation of detector develops synchronization from data signal by computer cross-correlation of command modulation signal with its expected forms in sequence and adjusts detector phases in accordance with correlation peaks.

  16. Command and Control of Joint Air Operations through Mission Command (United States)


    mile area of responsibility. Colonel Carpenter attended Undergraduate Air Battle Manager (ABM) Training at Tyndall AFB, Florida, earning his controller......joint community must instill the concept and principles of mission command in their culture. Consequently, this article discusses the ori- gins and

  17. HOTOL Command and Control Systems (United States)

    Rowley, J. D.


    HOTOL is intended to provide a low cost means of delivering payloads to low earth orbit. The vehicle is thus designed for unmanned and largely autonomous operations with very limited contact with a ground station. This paper outlines the Command and Control Systems studies undertaken to date and proposed for future phases.

  18. New Commander,New Challenges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI YAN


    @@ Stanley McChrystal came into the spotlight in June 2009 when U.S. President Barack Obama entrusted him with fighting America's longest war since the end of the Cold War as commander of U.S. forces in Afghanistan.

  19. Unity of Command and Interdiction (United States)


    18 February 1991, 54. "U.S. Speeds Development of Kinetic Weapons Designed to Penetrate Underground Command Centers." Aviation Week & Space Technology...Forces of the United States. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, February 1993. Rader , William K. Targeting Air Interdiction In Support Of

  20. 32 CFR 700.1053 - Commander of a task force. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Commander of a task force. 700.1053 Section 700... Command Detail to Duty § 700.1053 Commander of a task force. (a) A geographic fleet commander, and any other naval commander, may detail in command of a task force, or other task command, any...

  1. Empowered Commanders: The Cornerstone to Agile, Flexible Command and Control (United States)


    decades, the the- ater air and space operations center has conducted this effort. Today’s fight, however, calls for all commanders, to some degree...components to maximize joint training exercises and op- portunities. Furthermore, it has created the theater security coopera- tion line of operation...that wisdom? Answering this question will call for deliberate efforts by the CFACC to groom, train, and exercise subordinate com- manders to develop

  2. Applying the Combatant Command Construct to the DHS Command Structure (United States)


    human trafficking, insurgency, narcotics smuggling, and even narco -terrorism. As described in a Strategic Studies Institute publication “…Unrestrained...of El Chapo ,” The Virginian-Pilot, October 29, 2011. 39 Naler, “Are We Ready for and Interagency Combatant Command?”, p. 26. 63 concerns...Publication 1. Washington, DC: Joint Chiefs of Staff, May 2, 2007. William Booth and Nick Miroff, “The Ballad of El Chapo ,” The Virginian Pilot

  3. 76 FR 19893 - Unified Command Plan 2011 (United States)


    ...#0;#0; ] Memorandum of April 6, 2011 Unified Command Plan 2011 Memorandum for the Secretary of... the revised Unified Command Plan. Consistent with title 10, United States Code, section 161(b)(2)...

  4. Battle Command: An Approach to Wickedness (United States)


    blank slate‖ ( tabula rasa – a blank mind) approach that allows the practitioner to develop a true appreciation of the unique problem without...Command describes the role of the commander in the Operations Process. 11 Commanders must understand the nature of their environment, the disposition of...Operations Process. The commander‘s role within the Operational Process is Battle Command. On Wickedness A problem, as defined by FM 5-0, is the

  5. On Preparing for Squadron Command (United States)


    Requirements 5. NCO Professional Military Education (PNE) Program 6. SOS Selection Procedures and Criteria 7. Officer PFE 3. Decorations Progrars 9... Audit Program 42, Commander’s Management System (CXS) 43. Economic Analysis (EA) Charter 44. Internal Control Review Program 45. Management Assistance...Comptroller I, Overview of Financial Structure 2. Your Role as a Financial Manager 3. Audit Focal Point 4. Military Pay 5. Per Diem and Travel

  6. Windows Command Line Administration Instant Reference

    CERN Document Server

    Mueller, John Paul


    The perfect companion to any book on Windows Server 2008 or Windows 7, and the quickest way to access critical information. Focusing just on the essentials of command-line interface (CLI), Windows Command-Line Administration Instant Reference easily shows how to quickly perform day-to-day tasks of Windows administration without ever touching the graphical user interface (GUI). Specifically designed for busy administrators, Windows Command-Line Administration Instant Reference replaces many tedious GUI steps with just one command at the command-line, while concise, easy to access answers provid

  7. Les esclaves du commandant Quiquandon


    Tymowski, Michal


    Le 10 janvier 1895, Albert Grodet, gouverneur général du Soudan français, adressa au ministère des Colonies une dépêche accusant le commandant Quiquandon, dirigeant de la région Nord-Est (Ségou), d'exploiter illégalement un domaine sur lequel travaillent 140 esclaves. À partir de ce cas particulier, l'auteur analyse les conflits qui existaient à l'époque entre l'administration civile et un groupe d'officiers soudanais. Il se demande si la possession d'esclaves par des officiers, prenant...

  8. Developing Flexible Command and Control of Airpower (United States)


    organizational level. The most famous practitioner of this concept, Gen Elwood “Pete” Quesada , commanded all tactical air forces on the continent, some more...XIX Tactical Air Command of Gen Otto “Opie” Weyland, who famously supported Gen George Patton’s charge across central France. Quesada trained all...understood his com- mand intent. He also worked closely with Lt Gen Courtney Hodges, commander of Army forces in France. Quesada saw to it that

  9. Mission Command In A Communications Denied Environment (United States)


    attack, by a variety of missiles, aircraft, and ground troops relies heavily on Time-Phased Force and Deployment Data transmitted by computer networks...since it enhances the trust between the echelons, the communication between commanders and reduces the dependence on computer networks. An attack with...electronics, computer networks, and communication , command and control becomes a lot more commander- centric. Forces are expected to improvise and

  10. Blossom Point Satellite Tracking and Command Station (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — FUNCTION: The Blossom Point Satellite Command and Tracking Facility (BP) provides engineering and operational support to several complex space systems for the Navy...

  11. Defense Headquarters: Geographic Combatant Commands Rely on Subordinate Commands for Mission Management and Execution (United States)


    Additionally, in November 2015, the Secretary of Defense directed a review of DOD’s organizational structures and is considering a number of actions... changes have occurred since the 2011 Unified Command Plan was published. Page 2 GAO-16-652R Defense Headquarters sufficiently reliable for the...commands. • We found that the combatant commands utilize subordinate commands to execute assigned missions. The organizational construct DOD created

  12. Robot Sequencing and Visualization Program (RSVP) (United States)

    Cooper, Brian K.; Maxwell,Scott A.; Hartman, Frank R.; Wright, John R.; Yen, Jeng; Toole, Nicholas T.; Gorjian, Zareh; Morrison, Jack C


    The Robot Sequencing and Visualization Program (RSVP) is being used in the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission for downlink data visualization and command sequence generation. RSVP reads and writes downlink data products from the operations data server (ODS) and writes uplink data products to the ODS. The primary users of RSVP are members of the Rover Planner team (part of the Integrated Planning and Execution Team (IPE)), who use it to perform traversability/articulation analyses, take activity plan input from the Science and Mission Planning teams, and create a set of rover sequences to be sent to the rover every sol. The primary inputs to RSVP are downlink data products and activity plans in the ODS database. The primary outputs are command sequences to be placed in the ODS for further processing prior to uplink to each rover. RSVP is composed of two main subsystems. The first, called the Robot Sequence Editor (RoSE), understands the MSL activity and command dictionaries and takes care of converting incoming activity level inputs into command sequences. The Rover Planners use the RoSE component of RSVP to put together command sequences and to view and manage command level resources like time, power, temperature, etc. (via a transparent realtime connection to SEQGEN). The second component of RSVP is called HyperDrive, a set of high-fidelity computer graphics displays of the Martian surface in 3D and in stereo. The Rover Planners can explore the environment around the rover, create commands related to motion of all kinds, and see the simulated result of those commands via its underlying tight coupling with flight navigation, motor, and arm software. This software is the evolutionary replacement for the Rover Sequencing and Visualization software used to create command sequences (and visualize the Martian surface) for the Mars Exploration Rover mission.

  13. General Troy H. Middleton: Steadfast in Command (United States)


    September 1943. Middleton’s chronic football injury to his left knee forced him to relinquish command of the 45th Infantry division on November 19, 1943...gone down in history as an irresponsible commander who recklessly sacrificed his divisions or ignored true objectives… gambling always looks brilliant

  14. 32 CFR 552.65 - Command supervision. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Command supervision. 552.65 Section 552.65 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MILITARY RESERVATIONS AND....65 Command supervision. (a) All insurance business conducted on Army installation will be...

  15. BCS-18A command decoder-selector (United States)

    Laping, H.


    This report describes an 18-channel command decoder-selector which operates in conjunction with an HF command receiver to allow secure and reliable radio control of high altitude balloon payloads. A detailed technical description and test results are also included.

  16. 14 CFR 1214.703 - Chain of command. (United States)


    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Chain of command. 1214.703 Section 1214.703... Shuttle Commander § 1214.703 Chain of command. (a) The Commander is a career NASA astronaut who has been..., and that another crew member in the chain of command is to succeed to the authority of the...

  17. Astronaut John Young in Command Module Simulator during Apollo Simulation (United States)


    Astronaut John W. Young, command module pilot, inside the Command Module Simulator in bldg 5 during an Apollo Simulation. Astronauts Thomas P. Stafford, commander and Eugene A. Cernan, lunar module pilot are out of the view.

  18. Providing Goal-Based Autonomy for Commanding a Spacecraft (United States)

    Rabideau, Gregg; Chien, Steve; Liu, Ning


    A computer program for use aboard a scientific-exploration spacecraft autonomously selects among goals specified in high-level requests and generates corresponding sequences of low-level commands, understandable by spacecraft systems. (As used here, 'goals' signifies specific scientific observations.) From a dynamic, onboard set of goals that could oversubscribe spacecraft resources, the program selects a non-oversubscribing subset that maximizes a quality metric. In an early version of the program, the requested goals are assumed to have fixed starting times and durations. Goals can conflict by exceeding a limit on either the number of separate goals or the number of overlapping goals making demands on the same resource. The quality metric used in this version is chosen to ensure that a goal will never be replaced by another having lower priority. At any time, goals can be added or removed, or their priorities can be changed, and the 'best' goal will be selected. Once a goal has been selected, the program implements a robust, flexible approach to generation of low-level commands: Rather than generate rigid sequences with fixed starting times, the program specifies flexible sequences that can be altered to accommodate run time variations.

  19. Rapid Diagnostics of Onboard Sequences (United States)

    Starbird, Thomas W.; Morris, John R.; Shams, Khawaja S.; Maimone, Mark W.


    Keeping track of sequences onboard a spacecraft is challenging. When reviewing Event Verification Records (EVRs) of sequence executions on the Mars Exploration Rover (MER), operators often found themselves wondering which version of a named sequence the EVR corresponded to. The lack of this information drastically impacts the operators diagnostic capabilities as well as their situational awareness with respect to the commands the spacecraft has executed, since the EVRs do not provide argument values or explanatory comments. Having this information immediately available can be instrumental in diagnosing critical events and can significantly enhance the overall safety of the spacecraft. This software provides auditing capability that can eliminate that uncertainty while diagnosing critical conditions. Furthermore, the Restful interface provides a simple way for sequencing tools to automatically retrieve binary compiled sequence SCMFs (Space Command Message Files) on demand. It also enables developers to change the underlying database, while maintaining the same interface to the existing applications. The logging capabilities are also beneficial to operators when they are trying to recall how they solved a similar problem many days ago: this software enables automatic recovery of SCMF and RML (Robot Markup Language) sequence files directly from the command EVRs, eliminating the need for people to find and validate the corresponding sequences. To address the lack of auditing capability for sequences onboard a spacecraft during earlier missions, extensive logging support was added on the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) sequencing server. This server is responsible for generating all MSL binary SCMFs from RML input sequences. The sequencing server logs every SCMF it generates into a MySQL database, as well as the high-level RML file and dictionary name inputs used to create the SCMF. The SCMF is then indexed by a hash value that is automatically included in all command

  20. The Linux command line a complete introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Shotts, William E


    You've experienced the shiny, point-and-click surface of your Linux computer—now dive below and explore its depths with the power of the command line. The Linux Command Line takes you from your very first terminal keystrokes to writing full programs in Bash, the most popular Linux shell. Along the way you'll learn the timeless skills handed down by generations of gray-bearded, mouse-shunning gurus: file navigation, environment configuration, command chaining, pattern matching with regular expressions, and more.

  1. Linux Command Line and Shell Scripting Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Blum, Richard


    The authoritative guide to Linux command line and shell scripting?completely updated and revised [it's not a guide to Linux as a whole ? just to scripting] The Linux command line allows you to type specific Linux commands directly to the system so that you can easily manipulate files and query system resources, thereby permitting you to automate commonly used functions and even schedule those programs to run automatically. This new edition is packed with new and revised content, reflecting the many changes to new Linux versions, including coverage of alternative shells to the default bash shel

  2. Office of Command Security Total Quality Management Plan (United States)


    outlines the Office of Command Security instruction for TQM implementation. Keywords: TQM ( Total Quality Management ), DLA Office of Command Security, Continuous process improvement, Automatic data processing security.

  3. Spacecraft command and control using expert systems (United States)

    Norcross, Scott; Grieser, William H.


    This paper describes a product called the Intelligent Mission Toolkit (IMT), which was created to meet the changing demands of the spacecraft command and control market. IMT is a command and control system built upon an expert system. Its primary functions are to send commands to the spacecraft and process telemetry data received from the spacecraft. It also controls the ground equipment used to support the system, such as encryption gear, and telemetry front-end equipment. Add-on modules allow IMT to control antennas and antenna interface equipment. The design philosophy for IMT is to utilize available commercial products wherever possible. IMT utilizes Gensym's G2 Real-time Expert System as the core of the system. G2 is responsible for overall system control, spacecraft commanding control, and spacecraft telemetry analysis and display. Other commercial products incorporated into IMT include the SYBASE relational database management system and Loral Test and Integration Systems' System 500 for telemetry front-end processing.

  4. Introduction to the Bash Command Line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian Milligan


    Full Text Available This lesson uses a Unix shell, which is a command-line interpreter that provides a user interface for the Unix operating system and for Unix-like systems. This lesson will cover a small number of basic commands. By the end of this tutorial you will be able to navigate through your file system and find files, open them, perform basic data manipulation tasks such as combining and copying files, as well as both reading them and making relatively simple edits. These commands constitute the building blocks upon which more complex commands can be constructed to fit your research data or project. Readers wanting a reference guide that goes beyond this lesson are recommended to read Deborah S. Ray and Eric J. Ray, Unix and Linux: Visual Quickstart Guide, 4th edition (2009.

  5. Command Philosophy: The Secret of Organizational Leadership (United States)


    contemporary leadership issues. It confronts compx social problems, such as sexual harassment, drug and alcohol abuse, and racial disharmony. Specifically...already. Figure Fourteen provides an abbreviated analysis of the survey (see appendix A for the questionaire ). FIGURE 14 DIMENSIONS: COMMAND PHILOSOPHY...written command philosophies have better units in terms of organizational health . So why the hesitation? Certainly, it is personal: even the AWC 1989

  6. Schema for Spacecraft-Command Dictionary (United States)

    Laubach, Sharon; Garcia, Celina; Maxwell, Scott; Wright, Jesse


    An Extensible Markup Language (XML) schema was developed as a means of defining and describing a structure for capturing spacecraft command- definition and tracking information in a single location in a form readable by both engineers and software used to generate software for flight and ground systems. A structure defined within this schema is then used as the basis for creating an XML file that contains command definitions.

  7. Air Force Materiel Command Reorganization Analysis (United States)


    Babbitt served as commander thereafter. One of General Babbitt’s notable initiatives at AFMC emphasized learning not simply how well a given mission...inventories for developing responsive supply capabilities. Gen- eral Babbitt was one of the major proponents of ACS and was convinced that improve...rationalize the business relationships that we had across our centers.”38 Finally, during another interview, AFMC Commander General Babbitt stated that he

  8. Command and Control in Disaster Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumar Surjeet Chaudhury


    Full Text Available Like war, the disasters are also much unstructured in scope. The national disaster system may employ detailed Command and Control (C2 which is poorly equipped to deal with uncertainty, complexity and variability. The first response to uncertainty is to try to minimize it by creating a powerful, highly efficient command and control apparatus (Command Structure able to process huge amounts of information and intended to reduce nearly all unknowns. Detailed command and control emphasizes vertical, linear information flow: in general, information flows up the chain of command and orders flow down. Discipline and coordination are imposed from above. The proposed C2 model accepts the turbulence and uncertainty of disaster. Rather than increase the level of certainty that C2 seeks, this approach of command and control reduces the degree of uncertainty that we need. This C2 for disaster management decentralizes decision-making authority and grants subordinates significant freedom of action which increases tempo and improves the ability to deal with fluid and disorderly situations.

  9. Limiting vibration in systems with constant amplitude actuators through command preshaping. M.S Thesis - MIT (United States)

    Rogers, Keith Eric


    The basic concepts of command preshaping were taken and adapted to the framework of systems with constant amplitude (on-off) actuators. In this context, pulse sequences were developed which help to attenuate vibration in flexible systems with high robustness to errors in frequency identification. Sequences containing impulses of different magnitudes were approximated by sequences containing pulses of different durations. The effects of variation in pulse width on this approximation were examined. Sequences capable of minimizing loads induced in flexible systems during execution of commands were also investigated. The usefulness of these techniques in real-world situations was verified by application to a high fidelity simulation of the space shuttle. Results showed that constant amplitude preshaping techniques offer a substantial improvement in vibration reduction over both the standard and upgraded shuttle control methods and may be mission enabling for use of the shuttle with extremely massive payloads.

  10. 32 CFR 700.1058 - Command of a submarine. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Command of a submarine. 700.1058 Section 700... Command Detail to Duty § 700.1058 Command of a submarine. The officer detailed to command a submarine... submarines....

  11. NATO Air Command-Afghanistan: The Continuing Evolution of Airpower Command and Control (United States)


    under the same AETF roof have been overwhelmingly positive. By having the EASOG commander in- volved in the weekly 9 AETF-A commander’s battle...single, perfect solution for CZ in a complex, constantly changing coalition environment-change itself is the only constant. Knowing this, we can

  12. Social Networking for Botnet Command and Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashutosh Singh


    Full Text Available A botnet is a group of compromised computers—often a large group—under the command and control of a malicious botmaster. Botnets can be used for a wide variety of malicious attacks, including spamming, distributed denial of service, and identity theft. Botnets are generally recognized as a serious threat on the Internet. This paper discusses SocialNetworkingBot, a botnet we have developed that uses Twitter for command and control. In SocialNetworkingBot, the botmaster tweets commands that are acted on by the individual bots. We discuss the functionality and implementation of SocialNetworkingBot, as well as a small-scale experiment that we have conducted. The botnet presented here is intended to serve as a proof of concept and a platform to facilitate further research.

  13. Linux command line and shell scripting bible

    CERN Document Server

    Blum, Richard


    Talk directly to your system for a faster workflow with automation capability Linux Command Line and Shell Scripting Bible is your essential Linux guide. With detailed instruction and abundant examples, this book teaches you how to bypass the graphical interface and communicate directly with your computer, saving time and expanding capability. This third edition incorporates thirty pages of new functional examples that are fully updated to align with the latest Linux features. Beginning with command line fundamentals, the book moves into shell scripting and shows you the practical application

  14. Natural language interface for command and control (United States)

    Shuler, Robert L., Jr.


    A working prototype of a flexible 'natural language' interface for command and control situations is presented. This prototype is analyzed from two standpoints. First is the role of natural language for command and control, its realistic requirements, and how well the role can be filled with current practical technology. Second, technical concepts for implementation are discussed and illustrated by their application in the prototype system. It is also shown how adaptive or 'learning' features can greatly ease the task of encoding language knowledge in the language processor.

  15. Communication for command and control systems

    CERN Document Server

    Morris, D J


    Communication for Command and Control Systems provides a thorough exposition of the basic theoretical and practical features involved in the design of communication networks for command and control systems. This book focuses primarily on the practical side of computer-controlled communication. This text concentrates on the communication sides of the subject by surveying the means of transferring data between the various processing points and by appraising their potential advantages and possible defects in implementation. In this respect, this book should prove useful for the practicing enginee

  16. Cutting the chain of command: specific inhibitors of transcription. (United States)

    Holt, J T


    Cell growth and differentiation are regulated (at least in part) by changes in gene transcription. The cloning and characterization of transcription factors has revealed that these factors coordinately regulate the transcription of specific genetic programs; for example, a number of phorbol ester-induced genes are activated by binding of the transcription factors Fos and Jun to specific DNA sequences. Clearly, inhibition of either the production or function of specific transcription factors would alter complete genetic programs, changing the expression of a great number of genes (analogous to cutting the chain of military command and affecting an entire brigade or division). Our laboratory and others have employed genetic methods to specifically inhibit transcription by two distinct methods: (1) antisense inhibition of the production of transcription factors; and (2) introduction of target DNA sequences to "soak up"or quench transcription factors. In this report, we present data showing that serum-stimulated induction of the c-fos gene may be reduced more than 90% by introduction of target DNA sequences containing the serum response element (SRE); identical amounts of mutant SRE sequences have no effect on gene induction. These studies demonstrate that specific inhibitors of transcription can have significant effects on cellular gene expression. The challenge is to modulate transcriptional programs without deleterious effects on normal cells.

  17. Smart command recognizer (SCR) - For development, test, and implementation of speech commands (United States)

    Simpson, Carol A.; Bunnell, John W.; Krones, Robert R.


    The SCR, a rapid prototyping system for the development, testing, and implementation of speech commands in a flight simulator or test aircraft, is described. A single unit performs all functions needed during these three phases of system development, while the use of common software and speech command data structure files greatly reduces the preparation time for successive development phases. As a smart peripheral to a simulation or flight host computer, the SCR interprets the pilot's spoken input and passes command codes to the simulation or flight computer.

  18. Central Command Architecture for High Order Autonomous Unmanned Systems (United States)

    Bieber, Chad Michael

    This dissertation describes a High-Order Central Command (HOCC) architecture and presents a flight demonstration where a single user coordinates 4 unmanned fixed-wing aircraft. HOCC decouples the user from control of individual vehicles, eliminating human limits on the size of the system, and uses a non-iterative sequence of algorithms that permit easy estimation of how computational complexity scales. The Hungarian algorithm used to solve a min-sum assignment with a one-task planning horizon becomes the limiting complexity, scaling at O(x3) where x is the larger number of vehicles or tasks in the assignment. This method is shown to have a unique property of creating non-intersecting routes which is used to drastically reduce the computational cost of deconflicting planned routes. Results from several demonstration flights are presented where a single user commands a system of 4 fixed-wing aircraft. The results confirm that autonomous flight of a large number of UAVs is a bona fide engineering sub-discipline, which is expected to be of interest to engineers who will find its utility in the aviation industry and in other emerging markets.

  19. An extendible User-Command Framework based on tagging system

    CERN Document Server

    Kale, Ajinkya; Jadhav, Nitin


    Memorizing the user commands has been a problem since long. In this study we try to propose solutions to overcome two problems - the problem of selecting appropriate commands names during application development and the problem of memorizing these command names. The proposed solution includes a framework in which the applications can plug into, to get their application commands and corresponding tags in to the new command execution application.We also propose a mechanism where user can generate her own set of tags for a command and share those with peers.

  20. Ten Commandments for Academic Talent Development (United States)

    Gagne, Francoys


    This article describes a set of 10 positively stated commandments designed to guide professionals responsible for the academic talent development of K-12 students. The first four target identification procedures, the "who" of talent development; they ensue directly from the conceptual framework of my Differentiated Model of Giftedness and Talent.…


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available In this wireless communication era, mobile phones have become a necessity in the common man’s life. Besides being capable of making calls and sending messages, the latest advancements in mobile phones facilitate them to connect to the internet also. With these capabilities, there has been an unprecedented use of mobile phones in many areas of automation. One such area where mobile phone can help with the automation is irrigation process. The main aim of the work is to simplify the method of irrigation using vocal commands through the mobile phone. The Farmer just needs to call a fixed number and utter the control commands through his phone. The control system at the field involves a PIC microcontroller interfaced with GSM modem to receive the command from the farmer and a voice recognition unit which decodes it. The motor is turned on/off according to the decoded commands by the controller. In addition, the system also sends back a message to the farmer’s mobile about the action that has taken place. The power detection and battery backup unit helps in detecting the power availability in the field and inform the farmer about the same, even if the there is no supply at the field. The moisture sensor attached to the system helps in collecting the moisture content of the soil and switch off the motor after it reaches the required value.



    Apollo 11 commander Neil Armstrong is going through flight training in the lunar module simulator situated in the flight crew training building at KSC. Armstrong will pilot the lunar module to a moon landing on July 20, following launch from KSC on July 16.

  3. Command Algebras, Recursion and Program Transformation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, Wim H.


    Dijkstra's language of guarded commands is extended with recursion and transformed into algebra. The semantics is expressed in terms of weakest preconditions and weakest liberal preconditions. Extreme fixed points are used to deal with recursion. Unbounded nondeterminacy is allowed. The algebraic

  4. Joint Command and Control: Integration Not Interoperability (United States)


    ROMO ) from humanitarian assistance to nuclear war. Doctrine is neither rules nor checklists that are meant to remove the human element from military...docview/234083559?accountid=12686 (accessed November 2012). Hughes, David. “Turning into the Wind Everything from Platforms to Command and

  5. Mission Command: Elasticity, Equilibrium, Culture, and Intent (United States)


    nouveau point d’équilibre C2. Afin d’être en mesure de fonctionner efficacement d’une façon adaptative, les organisations militaires doivent élaborer...Establishing common intent: The key to co-ordinated military action. In Allan English (ed.), Leadership and Command and the Operational Art : Canadian

  6. Command and control in the Afghan desert

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tim Grant; Robert Beeres; christiaan Davids


    Managers gather information about the organisation and its environment to ensure that an organisation remains viable. The management of military units during deployment is known as command and control (C2). The C2 literature has focussed on applying technology to gain advantage over potential

  7. Command Information Requirements on the Airland Battlefield (United States)


    Synchronize of deep attack assets. - Develop a valid deception plan. - Detei-,’ne the availabilty of deep attack assets. - Have detailsd knowledge of...controlled by the commander because of their scarcity, value or planned usage in an upcoming maneuver. Communication Centers. Location of communication centers

  8. Simulating Mission Command for Planning and Analysis (United States)


    parameters do not change. A good example of parameters is the number of servers in a queuing system. 4. Next Event Algorithm In DES systems, next...I Finish 98 THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 99 LIST OF REFERENCES Ben-Shalom, U., & Shamir, E. (2011). Mission command between theory and

  9. Detection of response to command using voluntary control of breathing in disorders of consciousness (United States)

    Charland-Verville, Vanessa; Lesenfants, Damien; Sela, Lee; Noirhomme, Quentin; Ziegler, Erik; Chatelle, Camille; Plotkin, Anton; Sobel, Noam; Laureys, Steven


    Background: Detecting signs of consciousness in patients in a vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS/VS) or minimally conscious state (MCS) is known to be very challenging. Plotkin et al. (2010) recently showed the possibility of using a breathing-controlled communication device in patients with locked in syndrome. We here aim to test a breathing-based “sniff controller” that could be used as an alternative diagnostic tool to evaluate response to command in severely brain damaged patients with chronic disorders of consciousness (DOC). Methods: Twenty-five DOC patients were included. Patients’ resting breathing-amplitude was measured during a 5 min resting condition. Next, they were instructed to end the presentation of a music sequence by sniffing vigorously. An automated detection of changes in breathing amplitude (i.e., >1.5 SD of resting) ended the music and hence provided positive feedback to the patient. Results: None of the 11 UWS/VS patients showed a sniff-based response to command. One out of 14 patients with MCS was able to willfully modulate his breathing pattern to answer the command on 16/19 trials (accuracy 84%). Interestingly, this patient failed to show any other motor response to command. Discussion: We here illustrate the possible interest of using breathing-dependent response to command in the detection of residual cognition in patients with DOC after severe brain injury. PMID:25566035

  10. The Unspoken Consequence of Command, Control Communications Technology: Enhanced Micromanagement by Risk-Averse Commanders (United States)


    commanders the opportunity to experiment with the application and misapplication of C3 in a relatively low-risk environment. Failure to maximize the...39 Yaacov Y. Vertzberger, Risk Taking and Decisionmaking; Foreign Miliary Intervention Decisions (Stanford: Standford University

  11. Joint Force Cyberspace Component Command: Establishing Cyberspace Operations Unity of Effort for the Joint Force Commander (United States)


    to protect DoD networks and systems. Recognizing the user as the first line of defense, the DoD plans to improve internal “cyber hygiene ” practices...sequels requires a full understanding of an adversary’s cyberspace posture and capabilities. This includes not only the network infrastructure, but...2012.235 In his 2014 Posture Statement to the House Armed Services Committee Statement, Commander, United States Pacific Command, Admiral Samuel J

  12. The Battle Command Sustainment Support System: The Army’s Command and Control System for Logistics (United States)

    2009-05-21 CISOBOX=1&REC=6 (accessed 15 Jan 09). 91 Donald Wright and Timothy Reese , On... Carol A. Wortman, ―Inefficient Battle Command Results from Unique Commanders Solutions,‖ (Carlisle Barracks, PA: Strategy Research Project), http...Dissertations. 7 th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007 Wright, Donald P. and Timothy R. Reese . On point II: Transition to the new

  13. The Unified Command Plan and Combatant Commands: Background and Issues for Congress (United States)


    Structure, and Arms Control Issues, by Amy F. Woolf . 49 Statement of General C. Robert Kehler, Commander, United States Strategic Command before the simulated chemical, radiological, and explosive hazards, conducted in California and Virginia . In the same month, USNORTHCOM supported the...protecting the District of Columbia and neighboring counties and cities of Maryland and northern Virginia . JFHQ-NCR draws together the existing resources

  14. Automation of Cassini Support Imaging Uplink Command Development (United States)

    Ly-Hollins, Lisa; Breneman, Herbert H.; Brooks, Robert


    "Support imaging" is imagery requested by other Cassini science teams to aid in the interpretation of their data. The generation of the spacecraft command sequences for these images is performed by the Cassini Instrument Operations Team. The process initially established for doing this was very labor-intensive, tedious and prone to human error. Team management recognized this process as one that could easily benefit from automation. Team members were tasked to document the existing manual process, develop a plan and strategy to automate the process, implement the plan and strategy, test and validate the new automated process, and deliver the new software tools and documentation to Flight Operations for use during the Cassini extended mission. In addition to the goals of higher efficiency and lower risk in the processing of support imaging requests, an effort was made to maximize adaptability of the process to accommodate uplink procedure changes and the potential addition of new capabilities outside the scope of the initial effort.

  15. Incorrect Responses to Locative Commands: A Case Study. (United States)

    Duchan, Judith; Siegel, Leo


    A six-year-old with a language problem responded consistently to 100 locative commands by putting objects in containers and on flat surfaces regardless of the preposition or order of the nouns in the commands. (Author/CL)

  16. The Digital GCC: USCYBERCOM As a Combatant Command (United States)


    AU/ACSC/HELMS /AY15 AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY THE DIGITAL GCC: USCYBERCOM AS A COMBATANT COMMAND by...Unified Command Plan (UCP). AU/ACSC/HELMS/AY15 4 Contents The Digital GCC: USCYBERCOM as a Unified Combatant Command...left USCYBERCOM open to multiple reporting up- channels headed by competing interest principals and comprised of a variety of fragmented organizations

  17. 46 CFR 30.10-17 - Commandant-TB/ALL. (United States)


    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Commandant-TB/ALL. 30.10-17 Section 30.10-17 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS GENERAL PROVISIONS Definitions § 30.10-17 Commandant—TB/ALL. The term Commandant means the Commandant of the Coast Guard. ...

  18. 14 CFR 417.303 - Command control system requirements. (United States)


    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Command control system requirements. 417... control system requirements. (a) General. When initiated by a flight safety official, a command control... receipt of the signal by the onboard vehicle flight termination system. A command control system...

  19. 14 CFR 417.305 - Command control system testing. (United States)


    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Command control system testing. 417.305..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION LICENSING LAUNCH SAFETY Flight Safety System § 417.305 Command control system testing. (a) General. (1) A command control system, including its subsystems and components must...

  20. Commande adaptive d'une machine asynchrone


    I. Slama-Belkhodja; De Fornel, B.


    Cat article décrit une stratégie de commande adaptive indirecte à Placement de Pôles (PP), appliquée à la commande en vitesse d'une machine asynchrone alimentée par un ensemble hacheur-filtre-onduleur de tension. L'algorithme des Moindres Carrés Récursifs (MCR) est utilisé pour l'identification des modèles de comportement type entrées/sorties. Un intérêt particulier est porté à la mise en oeuvre de cet algorithme et à la discussion de ses résultats, tenant compte des erreurs de modélisation e...

  1. Metadata Analysis at the Command-Line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Phillips


    Full Text Available Over the past few years the University of North Texas Libraries' Digital Projects Unit (DPU has developed a set of metadata analysis tools, processes, and methodologies aimed at helping to focus limited quality control resources on the areas of the collection where they might have the most benefit. The key to this work lies in its simplicity: records harvested from OAI-PMH-enabled digital repositories are transformed into a format that makes them easily parsable using traditional Unix/Linux-based command-line tools. This article describes the overall methodology, introduces two simple open-source tools developed to help with the aforementioned harvesting and breaking, and provides example commands to demonstrate some common metadata analysis requests. All software tools described in the article are available with an open-source license via the author's GitHub account.

  2. Preshaping Command Inputs to Reduce System Vibration (United States)


    command shap- i I L, Ie :)proaCh t e0 (Xa tfitie’l is the construction of inpul funcions from either .iri f iiIIns. lhiTs a)proac iIvol,’’, .. l ’-i ,up...Philadelphia, Pennsilvania., pp 316-321 [4] Bolz, Ray E., and Tuve, George L., "CRC Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science", CRC Press, Inc., Boca

  3. Command History. 1967. Volume 2. Sanitized (United States)


    Integrated Wideband Communications System (IWCS) (U); Interview, LCDR Frommer , MHB, with MAJ Richards, M.ACJ6, 24 Jan 68: Fact Sheet (C), MACJ62, 5 Jan 68...Ltrs (U), OIC, AIRDEVRON EIGHT, WPD to CO, AIRDEVRON EIGHT, 3 Nov 67 and 18 Apr 68, Subj: Command History (U); Interview, LCDR Frommer , MHB with LCDR...Logistical Historical Activities. (U). 133. Fact Sheet (C), MACJ45, 19 Apr 68, SubjL Deep Draft Berths (U); Interview LCDR Frommer , MHB, with LTC

  4. Allied Command Structures in the New NATO (United States)


    Aircraft Carriers Other Surface Combatants* Attack Submarines Amphibious Ready Groups Command Ship Mobile Logistics Support** Sub Tender Maritime...29% of file enlisted personnel for the ACE Mobility Coordination Center (SHAPE). From the Regional Air Movement Coordination Center h~ Vicenza...Bosnia primarily to stop air attacks by the Serbian Air Force. 58 T H E U . S . R O L E IN A F S O U T H Advanced U.S. techonology employed

  5. CSS Teams -- Effective Practice of Mission Command (United States)


    of and adapts to the rapidly changing environment we expect to face in the future.ŗ Regardless of the definition, each provides a useful framework ...Kim Cameron and Robert Quinn developed a framework shown in Figure 1 that helps define and understand culture in military units. Their model is...command effectively, a brief look at research done by Geert Hofstede on power distance reinforces the idea. Flexibility Discretion Control

  6. Command History. 1969. Volume 3. Sanitized (United States)


    proveedings. USG# is determined, to ,-xtont legally possible, to bring to justice perrmns rce- sponsihle for an- wrong-doing, In meantihe matter "should...closed would again be given permits to operate, as would papers of all legally constituted nationalist groups, i.e. , political parties qualifying...the marihuana problem; and the continuing incidents of black market and illicit currency and com- modity transactions. (See 1968 MACV Command History

  7. Training Blueprint of an Air Command (United States)


    operations, the rapid influx put a strain on units individually and AFSOC collectively and appeared to violate one or more of the SOF truths.7...1987, through an act of Congress, that the United States formalized a collection of special operations forces into a single unified command known as...Project 9, 31. 13 David Rooney. Wingate and the Chindits: Redressing the Balance. London: Arms and Armour Press, 1994, Pg. 91. 14 Okerstrom, Project 9

  8. Joint Forces Command - United Assistance Fiscal Triad (United States)


    OHDACA) funding to AFRICOM. AFRICOM further allocated funding to commands sup- porting OUA, such as USARAF. Th e intended purpose for OHDA- the JRRB. Th e OCSIC maintains the require- ments database , which should be the single source to answer internal and external requisitions. To...maximize its usefulness, this database needs to be synchronized at least weekly with the J–8’s funding data and status of contracts. 8. Use

  9. Air Command and Control in Small Wars (United States)


    147Maj Gen Charles W. Lyon and Lt Col Andrew B. Stone, “Right Sizing Airpower: Command and Control for the Afghanistan Coutnerinsurgency,” Air and Space...and E. E. Conger , ed. RM-3653-PR, Symposium on the Role of Airpower in Counterinsurgency and Unconventional Warfare: The Algeriean War. Santa Monica...Journal. (accessed 15 June 2011). Lyon, Maj Gen Charles W., and Lt Col Andrew B. Stone

  10. Command Generation and Control of Momentum Exchange Electrodynamic Reboost Tethered Satellite (United States)

    Robertson, Michael J.


    The research completed for this NASA Graduate Student Research Program Fellowship sought to enhance the current state-of-the-art dynamic models and control laws for Momentum Exchange Electrodynamic Reboost satellite systems by utilizing command generation, specifically Input Shaping. The precise control of tethered spacecraft with flexible appendages is extremely difficult. The complexity is magnified many times when the satellite must interact with other satellites as in a momentum exchange via a tether. The Momentum Exchange Electronic Reboost Tether (MXER) concept encapsulates all of these challenging tasks [l]. Input Shaping is a command generation technique that allows flexible spacecraft to move without inducing residual vibration [2], limit transient deflection [3] and utilize fuel-efficient actuation [4]. Input shaping is implemented by convolving a sequence of impulses, known as the input shaper, with a desired system command to produce a shaped input that is then used to drive the system. This process is demonstrated in Figure 1. The shaped command is then use to drive the system without residual vibration while meeting many other performance specifications. The completed work developed tether control algorithms for retrieval. A simple model of the tether response has been developed and command shaping was implemented to minimize unwanted dynamics. A model of a flexible electrodynamic tether has been developed to investigate the tether s response during reboost. Command shaping techniques have been developed to eliminate the tether oscillations and reduce the tether s deflection to pre-specified levels during reboost. Additionally, a model for the spin-up of a tethered system was developed. This model was used in determining the parameters for optimization the resulting angular velocity.

  11. AMO EXPRESS: A Command and Control Experiment for Crew Autonomy (United States)

    Stetson, Howard K.; Frank, Jeremy; Cornelius, Randy; Haddock, Angie; Wang, Lui; Garner, Larry


    NASA is investigating a range of future human spaceflight missions, including both Mars-distance and Near Earth Object (NEO) targets. Of significant importance for these missions is the balance between crew autonomy and vehicle automation. As distance from Earth results in increasing communication delays, future crews need both the capability and authority to independently make decisions. However, small crews cannot take on all functions performed by ground today, and so vehicles must be more automated to reduce the crew workload for such missions. NASA's Advanced Exploration Systems Program funded Autonomous Mission Operations (AMO) project conducted an autonomous command and control demonstration of intelligent procedures to automatically initialize a rack onboard the International Space Station (ISS) with power and thermal interfaces, and involving core and payload command and telemetry processing, without support from ground controllers. This autonomous operations capability is enabling in scenarios such as a crew medical emergency, and representative of other spacecraft autonomy challenges. The experiment was conducted using the Expedite the Processing of Experiments for Space Station (EXPRESS) rack 7, which was located in the Port 2 location within the U.S Laboratory onboard the International Space Station (ISS). Activation and deactivation of this facility is time consuming and operationally intensive, requiring coordination of three flight control positions, 47 nominal steps, 57 commands, 276 telemetry checks, and coordination of multiple ISS systems (both core and payload). The autonomous operations concept includes a reduction of the amount of data a crew operator is required to verify during activation or de-activation, as well as integration of procedure execution status and relevant data in a single integrated display. During execution, the auto-procedures provide a step-by-step messaging paradigm and a high level status upon termination. This

  12. Command Control Group Behaviors. Objective 1. A Methodology for and Identification of Command Control Group Behaviors. (United States)


    recordings were DD I JAN 73 1473 EDITION OF I NOV 65 IS OBSOLETE UNCLASSIFIED i SECUPITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE (K4hen Data Entered) ’Ii...numbers of per- sonnet and 2weapons we now have at our disposal. The command and control (C ) process is one such factor where deficiencies invite...OBSERVATIONAL TASKS Position Codes: 01 10 S1 02 20 S2 03 Brigade 3 30 S3 04 40 S4 05 50 XO 06 60 Entire Group 07 70 Commander (71-"A" Co, 72-"B" Co, 73 -"C" Co

  13. Spaceport Command and Control System Automation Testing (United States)

    Hwang, Andrew


    The Spaceport Command and Control System (SCCS) is the National Aeronautics and Space Administrations (NASA) launch control system for the Orion capsule and Space Launch System, the next generation manned rocket currently in development. This large system requires high quality testing that will properly measure the capabilities of the system. Automating the test procedures would save the project time and money. Therefore, the Electrical Engineering Division at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) has recruited interns for the past two years to work alongside full-time engineers to develop these automated tests, as well as innovate upon the current automation process.

  14. Spaceport Command and Control System Automated Testing (United States)

    Stein, Meriel


    The Spaceport Command and Control System (SCCS) is the National Aeronautics and Space Administrations (NASA) launch control system for the Orion capsule and Space Launch System, the next generation manned rocket currently in development. This large system requires high quality testing that will properly measure the capabilities of the system. Automating the test procedures would save the project time and money. Therefore, the Electrical Engineering Division at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) has recruited interns for the past two years to work alongside full-time engineers to develop these automated tests, as well as innovate upon the current automation process.

  15. Spaceport Command and Control System Automation Testing (United States)

    Plano, Tom


    The goal of automated testing is to create and maintain a cohesive infrastructure of robust tests that could be run independently on a software package in its entirety. To that end, the Spaceport Command and Control System (SCCS) project at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Kennedy Space Center (KSC) has brought in a large group of interns to work side-by-side with full time employees to do just this work. Thus, our job is to implement the tests that will put SCCS through its paces.

  16. STS-110 Commander Bloomfield arrives for TCDT (United States)


    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- STS-110 Commander Michael Bloomfield waves as he gets ready to depart KSC for Houston. He and the rest of the crew were at KSC for Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test activities that included payload familiarization and a simulated launch countdown. Scheduled for launch April 4, the 11-day STS-110 mission will feature Space Shuttle Atlantis docking with the International Space Station (ISS) and delivering the S0 truss, the centerpiece-segment of the primary truss structure that will eventually extend over 300 feet.

  17. Command and Control in a Complex World (United States)


    19 William  Welsh , “Nelson at Trafalgar:  He Did His Duty,” Military History 22, no. 7 (Oct 2005):  38‐44.  20 Lord...Co, 2005. Hanley, Brian. “The Enduring Relevance of the Battle for Stalingrad.” Joint Forces Quarterly Issue 43 (4th Qtr 2006): 92. Irvine ...William S. “Network-Enabled Battle Command.” Military Review (May/Jun 2005): 2-3. Welsh , William. “Nelson at Trafalgar: He Did His Duty

  18. An extension of command shaping methods for controlling residual vibration using frequency sampling (United States)

    Singer, Neil C.; Seering, Warren P.


    The authors present an extension to the impulse shaping technique for commanding machines to move with reduced residual vibration. The extension, called frequency sampling, is a method for generating constraints that are used to obtain shaping sequences which minimize residual vibration in systems such as robots whose resonant frequencies change during motion. The authors present a review of impulse shaping methods, a development of the proposed extension, and a comparison of results of tests conducted on a simple model of the space shuttle robot arm. Frequency shaping provides a method for minimizing the impulse sequence duration required to give the desired insensitivity.

  19. An extension of command shaping methods for controlling residual vibration using frequency sampling (United States)

    Singer, Neil C.; Seering, Warren P.


    The authors present an extension to the impulse shaping technique for commanding machines to move with reduced residual vibration. The extension, called frequency sampling, is a method for generating constraints that are used to obtain shaping sequences which minimize residual vibration in systems such as robots whose resonant frequencies change during motion. The authors present a review of impulse shaping methods, a development of the proposed extension, and a comparison of results of tests conducted on a simple model of the space shuttle robot arm. Frequency shaping provides a method for minimizing the impulse sequence duration required to give the desired insensitivity.

  20. An Analysis of Special Operations Command - South’s Distributive Command and Control Concept (United States)


    Special Ops aviation unit traverses Bermuda Triangle en route to new home”, News Service Release Number 03082525 (August 2003),, 2007). U.S. Army Special Operations Command. “Special Ops Aviation Unit Traverses Bermuda Triangle En Route to New Home.” News Service Release

  1. MPS Editor - An Integrated Sequencing Environment (United States)

    Streiffert, Barbara A.; O'Reilly, Taifun; Schrock, Mitchell; Catchen, Jaime


    In today's operations environment, the teams are smaller and need to be more efficient while still ensuring the safety and success of the mission. In addition, teams often begin working on a mission in its early development phases and continue on the team through actual operations. For these reasons the operations teams want to be presented with a software environment that integrates multiple needed software applications as well as providing them with context sensitive editing support for entering commands and sequences of commands. At Jet Propulsion Laboratory, the Multi-Mission Planning and Sequencing (MPS) Editor provided by the Multi-Mission Ground Systems and Services (MGSS) supports those operational needs.

  2. A Framework for Command Recovery in User Interface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    In this paper,a framework is presented for adding a general command recovery facility to user interface.A simple model of interactive system is discussed and four meta commands.UNDO,REDO.SKIPBACK,and SKIPFORWARD,are defined.The double-linked list is used to organize the recovery information in a natural way for easy implementation.Applications of the framework to various demands of command recoveries show that the use of the framework is veryeasy and convenient.

  3. The Need to Increase Marine Corps Special Operations Command (United States)


    within DoD and with SOF during the 1980 to 1984 timeframe following poor performances in Operations Eagle Claw (Iran attempted hostage rescue , 1980...execute "special operations." The MSPF was one of the elements of the MEV SOC that enabled the Marine Corps to respond to hostage situations, terrorists...Naval Special Warfare Command (NAVSPECWARCOM), Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC), and MARSOe. The Joint Special Operations Command ( JSOC

  4. Distress, omnipotence, and responsibility beliefs in command hallucinations. (United States)

    Ellett, Lyn; Luzon, Olga; Birchwood, Max; Abbas, Zarina; Harris, Abi; Chadwick, Paul


    Command hallucinations are considered to be one of the most distressing and disturbing symptoms of schizophrenia. Building on earlier studies, we compare key attributes in the symptomatic, affective, and cognitive profiles of people diagnosed with schizophrenia and hearing voices that do (n = 77) or do not (n = 74) give commands. The study employed a cross-sectional design, in which we assessed voice severity, distress and control (PSYRATs), anxiety and depression (HADS), beliefs about voices (BAVQ-R), and responsibility beliefs (RIQ). Clinical and demographic variables were also collected. Command hallucinations were found to be more distressing and controlling, perceived as more omnipotent and malevolent, linked to higher anxiety and depression, and resisted more than hallucinations without commands. Commanding voices were also associated with higher conviction ratings for being personally responsible for preventing harm. The findings suggest key differences in the affective and cognitive profiles of people who hear commanding voices, which have important implications for theory and psychological interventions. Command hallucinations are associated with higher distress, malevolence, and omnipotence. Command hallucinations are associated with higher responsibility beliefs for preventing harm. Responsibility beliefs are associated with voice-related distress. Future psychological interventions for command hallucinations might benefit from focussing not only on omnipotence, but also on responsibility beliefs, as is done in psychological therapies for obsessive compulsive disorder. Limitations The cross-sectional design does not assess issues of causality. We did not measure the presence or severity of delusions. © 2017 The British Psychological Society.

  5. Commande adaptive d'une machine asynchrone (United States)

    Slama-Belkhodja, I.; de Fornel, B.


    The paper deals with an indirect self-tuning speed control for an induction motor supplied by a chopper-filter-inverter system. Input/Output models are identified with the recursive least squares algorithm and the controller adaptation is based on a pole assignement strategy. Emphasis is put on the evaluation of the parameter identification in order to avoid instabilities because of disturbances or insufficient excitations. This is especially of importance when the adaptive control is carried out in closed loop systems and without additional test signals. Simulation results show the improvement of the dynamic responses and the robustness against load variations or parameters variations (rotor resistance, inertia). Cat article décrit une stratégie de commande adaptive indirecte à Placement de Pôles (PP), appliquée à la commande en vitesse d'une machine asynchrone alimentée par un ensemble hacheur-filtre-onduleur de tension. L'algorithme des Moindres Carrés Récursifs (MCR) est utilisé pour l'identification des modèles de comportement type entrées/sorties. Un intérêt particulier est porté à la mise en oeuvre de cet algorithme et à la discussion de ses résultats, tenant compte des erreurs de modélisation et de la nature peu riche en excitations des entrées du processus. Différents régimes transitoires ont été simulés pour apprécier l'apport de cette association (MCR-PP) : démarrages et inversion des sens de rotation, à vide et en charges, applications d'échelons de couple résistant, variations paramétriques. Les résultats permettent d'illustrer, tant au niveau des performances que de la robustesse, l'apport d'une telle commande adaptive pour des entraînements électriques avec une machine asynchrone.

  6. Spaceport Command and Control System Software Development (United States)

    Glasser, Abraham


    The Spaceport Command and Control System (SCCS) is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) launch control system for the Orion capsule and Space Launch System, the next generation manned rocket currently in development. This large system requires a large amount of intensive testing that will properly measure the capabilities of the system. Automating the test procedures would save the project money from human labor costs, as well as making the testing process more efficient. Therefore, the Exploration Systems Division (formerly the Electrical Engineering Division) at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) has recruited interns for the past two years to work alongside full-time engineers to develop these automated tests, as well as innovate upon the current automation process.

  7. The Arecibo Remote Command Center Program (United States)

    Crawford, Fronefield; Jenet, Fredrick; Siemens, Xavier; Dolch, Timothy; Stovall, Kevin


    The Arecibo Remote Command Center (ARCC) is a multi-institution research and education program that introduces undergraduates to the field of pulsar research. Specifically, the program trains students to work in small teams to operate several of the world's largest radio telescopes (both Arecibo and the Green Bank Telescope). Students conduct survey observations for the PALFA Galactic plane pulsar survey and conduct timing observations of millisecond pulsars (MSPs) for the NANOGrav search for gravitational waves using these telescopes. In addition, ARCC students search pulsar candidates generated from processed survey data in order to find both new radio MSPs and non-recycled pulsars. The ARCC program currently operates at four U.S. institutions and involves more than 50 undergraduate students each year. To date, ARCC students have discovered 64 new pulsars in this program.

  8. Botnet Command Detection using Virtual Honeynet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available Internet attacks are growing with time, threats are increasing to disableinfrastructure to those that also target peoples and organization, these increasing largeattacks, and the new class of attacks directly targets the large businesses and governmentsaround the world. At the centre of many of these attacks is a large pool of compromisedcomputers which are called zombies commonly controlled by the attackers by using somecommon channels? Attackers use these zombies as anonymous proxies to hide their realidentities and amplify their attacks. A botnet is a network of compromised machines thatcan be remotely controlled by an attacker. With the view of affect made by the botnet, wepropose an approach using Virtual Honeynet data collection mechanisms to detect IRCand HTTP based botnet Command signatures. We have evaluated our approach using realworld network traces.

  9. Command control of reactors and factories: general architecture; Controle-commande des reacteurs et des usines: architecture generale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Appell, B.; Guesnier, G. [Electricite de France, 75 - Paris (France). Service Etudes et Projets Thermiques et Nucleaires; Chabert, J. [Cogema, 78 - Velizy-Villacoublay (France)


    As any industrial installation, the nuclear power plants and the fuel reprocessing plants require means to survey and to command the physical process and the associated equipment. These means are grouped under the designation of `command-control`. The command control is constituted by captors allowing to transform the physical quantities in electric signals, by automates allowing to treat these signals, by surveillance and control means at operators disposal and finally activators allowing to transform the command electric signals in mechanical actions on the process. The equipment has to answer to specifications imposed by nuclear safety. (N.C.)

  10. Battalion Commanders Speak Out; An Anthology on the Philosophy of Command (United States)


    that is what takes 757o-80Z of the commander’s cime . How successful was this whole adventure? Well, 1 could tick-off some- thing like performance on...t-1h ich take a\\"ay al 1 jn i - tiative on the part of subordinates) and overly gene r a l misston-type or de r s which could result in the failure


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marek Pawlik


    Full Text Available Purpose. Safety is seen as a must, for railway transport market. However it is not so obvious what does safety exactly mean as it means different things for different experts. Showing safety ensured by control command systems as a component of the railway operational safety and pointing associated challenges especially those arising from subdivision of the national railway system into different entities. Methodology. To achieve this purpose control command and signalling systems keeping safe distances between trains, preventing setting conflicting train routs, locking of the mobile elements of the switches, protecting the level crossings, enabling safe incorporation of additional trains were analyzed. Findings. Article analyses how control command system influence operational safety taking into account safety of the control-command system itself, interfaces on one side between signalling systems and control command system and on the other side between control command system and vehicle control systems, transmission, maintenance, and operation in degraded modes of running. Originality. New and high-effective scope of tests which are necessary for putting new control command installation into service both track-side and on-board are proposed. Practical value. Control command implementations will significantly improve operational safety, however it is possible only when recommendations defined in this article are taken into account. This means that all the components including interfaces have to meet acceptable hazard rate 10E-9 and have to be properly design, constructed, assembled and maintained, all taking into account whole chain of functions performed and supervised by different railway entities.

  12. Developing a Joint Engineer Headquarters for the JTF Commander (United States)


    projects.5 The JTF- Horn of Africa (HOA) engineer identified their most important mission supporting the JTF Commander as humanitaria efforts. Since...Commander. The academics can provide organizational insights to the headquarters, Engineer Planning during Crisis Action Planning, Execution of Operations

  13. TRADOC Annual Command History, 1 January to 31 December 1991 (United States)


    RADOC Crisis Actionr Team ... 22)ý,. * Resource Mgt & Plans Dir OC, MITER EV A AUDIT COMIII . COiMMAD HISTORIA OTCINE ATBO-K. Bldg 5 16ý# -MBSATN...Arms command LTG LP Wishart IIf 6 Aug 90 - 15 Aug 91 LTG WA shoffner 16 Aug 91 - DCG/CDR combined Arms support Command LTG LE Salomon 6 Aug 90 - DCG

  14. Turn-based gaming for convoy commander training

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boonekamp, R.C.; Muller, T.J.; Vrijer, J.C. de


    With the increasing complexity of current-day military operations, effective education and training of military commanders is of vital importance. Commanders need to perform within a broader range of conflicts; unpredictable threats and civil-military interaction place a great demand on their

  15. Army’s Cyber Commander Explores NPS Education, Research Programs


    Naval Postgraduate School Public Affairs Office


    Lt. Gen. Rhett A. Hernandez, Commanding General of U.S. Army Cyber Command/U.S. 2nd Army, spent two days at the Naval Postgraduate School for an exploratory review of the university's cyber education and research programs, Oct. 1-2.

  16. Turn-based gaming for convoy commander training

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boonekamp, R.C.; Muller, T.J.; Vrijer, J.C. de


    With the increasing complexity of current-day military operations, effective education and training of military commanders is of vital importance. Commanders need to perform within a broader range of conflicts; unpredictable threats and civil-military interaction place a great demand on their decisi

  17. 32 CFR 700.702 - Responsibility and authority of commanders. (United States)


    ... subordinate commands are fully aware of the importance of strong, dynamic leadership and its relationship to the overall efficiency and readiness of naval forces. Commanders shall exercise positive leadership and actively develop the highest qualities of leadership in persons with positions of authority...

  18. The Battle Command Sustainment Support System: Initial Analysis Report (United States)


    data.  Replica of Joint- Automatic Identification technology (J-AIT) database is stored on the NEDP Oracle database.  Materialized view of the...computing environment (CPCE) Command post client Battle command sustainment support System (BCS3) Logistics ...Overview 1 Effort Summary 1 Potential Roadblocks 2 National Enterprise Data Portal Analysis 2 Feed Dependencies 3 Data Feeds 3 Logistics

  19. Artificial Intelligence Controls Tape-Recording Sequence (United States)

    Schwuttke, Ursula M.; Otamura, Roy M.; Zottarelli, Lawrence J.


    Developmental expert-system computer program intended to schedule recording of large amounts of data on limited amount of magnetic tape. Schedules recording using two sets of rules. First set incorporates knowledge of locations for recording of new data. Second set incorporates knowledge about issuing commands to recorder. Designed primarily for use on Voyager Spacecraft, also applicable to planning and sequencing in industry.

  20. Representation Without Subordination: Command Relationships In the Joint Environment (United States)


    Major Allen has a bachelor’s degree in Finance from New Mexico State University, a master’s degree in International Relations from Troy State...Command  of Joint Operations, (Santa Monica, CA: Rand  Corporation , 2009), 6‐7.  13 Some command structures have been built on the model of controlling...Coefficients t Sig. B Std. Error Beta 1 (Constant) .880 .362 2.434 .016 Commanders and their respective staffs understand supporting and

  1. Display For Command, Control, Communication and Intelligence System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Prabhu


    Full Text Available Display subsystem is an important part of command, control, communication and intelligence(C31 system. The display used in C31 system for air defence should provide a panoramic view of thecomplete air segment under its command and control in real-time. The necessary information requiredfor taking a quick decision should be available to the commander in easily understandable graphicformat This paper describes salient features of the display known as synthetic radar situation display(SRSD developed by the Defence Electronics Research Laboratory (DLRL, Hyderabad, for such applications

  2. Implementing UPDM to develop command and control systems

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Oosthuizen, R


    Full Text Available Systems engineering is an established approach to develop systems, including complex sociotechnical systems such as Command and Control (C2) Systems. These systems often occur through introduction of a new technology into an existing system...

  3. Gesture Commanding of a Robot with EVA Gloves Project (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Gesture commanding can be applied and evaluated with NASA robot systems. Application of this input modality can improve the way crewmembers interact with robots...

  4. Distributed Command/Control Impacts on NAS Operations Project (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Command and Control (C2) activities abound in the NAS, and significantly influence daily operations and overall NAS efficiency. Since C2 effects are so prominent,...

  5. Command and Control Organizations for Network Enabled Warfare (United States)


    resistance to change A well formulated strategy with well placed leadership support can produce organizations that are flexible, adaptive and responsive to meet the command and control needs of the 21st century

  6. STS-9 commander John Young gets help adjusting headwear (United States)


    Preparing for a training session is Astronaut John Young, commander of STS-9 Young gets help with his Snoopy cap or headwear housing communications gear, while one of his five fellow crewmembers, Dr. Ulf Merbold, looks on in the background.

  7. Position Command Shaping for Vibration Suppression Considering Target Position Correction (United States)

    Yamamoto, Masafumi; Ito, Kazuaki; Iwasaki, Makoto; Matsui, Nobuyuki

    This paper presents a command shaping technique based on a minimum jerk control approach considering a target position correction during motion, for the fast and precise positioning in vibratory mechatronic systems. The positioning controller is designed by a 2-degrees-of-freedom control: a feedback compensator is synthesized by H∞ control design to ensure the robust stability, while a feedforward compensator suppresses the vibration in response based on a coprime factorization expression of the plant mechanism. The command shaping, on the other hand, eliminates the corresponding vibration components of the primary and secondary modes in the position command, where the continuity of jerk component in the command can be ensured against the target position correction. The effectiveness of the proposed shaping technique has been verified by experiments using a table drive system on machine stand.

  8. What It Takes. Air Force Command of Joint Operations (United States)


    Operations Center DNA Defense Nuclear Agency DoD Department of Defense DRAT Disaster Response Assessment Team ENGR engineer EPOC (United States...USEUCOM Training Transformation in Support of C2 Transformation,” briefing, September 2003, p. 6. Command Concepts 35 Center ( EPOC ).35 Contrary to...most expectations of how the SJFHQ (CE) will work, the EPOC plans to deploy only around 20 of its staff to JTF headquarters. U.S. Pacific Command

  9. Information Management for an Automated Battlefield Command and Control System (United States)


    commander’s staff can translate the characteristics of a given operational situation into the required information that its commander would need. 2.5.2...HATTELI E-COLUMbOS LAtdOHAIUMILS IALTICAL TECHiNICAL UFC I LISA ARrcT)C TEST CEN ATTN, AMSTt-PL-Tti I USA ANr,11C TESI CEN ATTN; SIEAIL-L-MI I OSA

  10. Command Analysis of End-users in Online Searching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mu-hsuan Huan


    Full Text Available The purpose of this artic1e is to analyze the searching behavior of end-users. The subjects are real end-users from National Taiwan University. This article uses the DIALOG command language as its searching tool. It attempts to analyze the commands used in online searching environment and to provide some basic statistic data for use studies.[Article content in Chinese

  11. Command shaping for residual vibration free crane maneuvers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, G.G.; Petterson, B.; Dohrmann, C.; Robinett, R.D.


    Cranes used in the construction and transportation industries are generally devices with multiple degrees of freedom including variable load-line length, variable jib length (usually via a trolley), and variable boom angles. Point-to-point payload maneuvers using cranes are performed so as not to excite the spherical pendulum modes of their cable and payload assemblies. Typically, these pendulum modes, although time-varying, exhibit low frequencies. Current crane maneuvers are therefore performed slowly contributing to high construction and transportation costs. This investigation details a general method for applying command shaping to various multiple degree of freedom cranes such that the payload moves to a specified point without residual oscillation. A dynamic programming method is used for general command shaping for optimal maneuvers. Computationally, the dynamic programming approach requires order M calculations to arrive at a solution, where M is the number of discretizations of the input commands. This feature is exploited for the crane command shaping problem allowing for rapid calculation of command histories. Fast generation of commands is a necessity for practical use of command shaping for the applications described in this work. These results are compared to near-optimal solutions where the commands are linear combinations of acceleration pulse basis functions. The pulse shape is required due to hardware requirements. The weights on the basis functions are chosen as the solution to a parameter optimization problem solved using a Recursive Quadratic Programming technique. Simulation results and experimental verification for a variable load-line length rotary crane are presented using both design procedures.

  12. Embedded battle command: a vehicle systems integrator's prospective (United States)

    Frey, Terry L.; Wyrembelski, Rick J.


    This paper provides an overview of a major weapon system, the Abrams Main Battle Tank, as it relates to the integration of EMbedded Battle Command and Control element is essential to the tanks future role in the Army as they focus more on increased organizational effectiveness and less on individual platforms. The Abrams is poised to field the Abrams System Enhancement Package with its 2nd generation of Command and Control.

  13. Group Technology Assessment: U.S. Army Materiel Command. (United States)


    63120 Army Ammunition Plants: Cdr, Crane AAA, Attn: SMCCN-CO, Crane, IN 47522 Cdr, Hawthorne AAP, Attn: SMCHW-CO, Hawthorne , NV 89415 Cdr, Iowa AAP...5 INDIVIDUALS INTERVIEWED DURING ON-SITE VISITS Name/Title Organization/Location Mr. Nathaniel Scott AMCCOM-ARDC Industrial Engineer Dover, New Jersey...Rock Island, Illinois 61299 Commander U.S. Army Armament Munitions & Chemical Command Attn: AMSMC-CG (D) 0 Dover, New Jersey 07801 Mr. Nathaniel Scott

  14. Measuring Command Post Operations in a Decisive Action Training Environment (United States)


    documents. i REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE 1. REPORT DATE (dd-mm-yy) May 2017 2. REPORT TYPE Final 3. DATES COVERED (from. . . to...a CP Operations Guide with the intent of improving performance on CP Occupation, CP Operations and Follow Up Operations. Significant differences...Information, Command Post Occupation, Command Post Operations, and Follow Up Operations. Data was collected from 602 checklists from nine rotations. Six

  15. Command and Data Handling Branch Internship (United States)

    Billings, Rachel Mae


    Modular Integrated Stackable Layers (MISL) is a computer system designed for simple, fast, and cost effective flexible reconfiguration in space environments such as the ISS and Orion projects for various uses. Existing applications include wireless and wired communications, data acquisition and instrumentation, and camera systems, and potential applications include bus protocol converters and subsystem control. MISL is based on Texas Instruments (TI)' MSP430 16-bit ultra-low-power microcontroller device. The purpose of my project was to integrate the MISL system with a liquid crystal display (LCD) touchscreen. The LCD, manufactured by Crystalfontz and part number CFAF320240F-035T-TS, is a 320 by 240 RGB resistive color screen including an optional carrier board. The vast majority of the project was done with Altium Designer, a tool for printed circuit board (PCB) schematic capture, 3D design, and FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) development. The new PCB was to allow the LCD to directly stack to the rest of MISL. Research was done with datasheets for the TI microcontroller and touchscreen display in order to meet desired hardware specifications. Documentation on prior MISL projects was also utilized. The initial step was to create a schematic for the LCD, power bus, and data bus connections between components. A layout was then designed with the required physical dimensions, routed traces and vias, power and ground planes, layer stacks, and other specified design rules such as plane clearance and hole size. Multiple consultation sessions were held with Hester Yim, the technical discipline lead for the Command and Data Handling Branch, and Christy Herring, the lead PCB layout designer in the Electronic Design and Manufacturing Branch in order to ensure proper configuration. At the moment, the PCB is awaiting revision by the latter-mentioned branch. Afterwards, the board will begin to undergo the manufacturing and testing process. Throughout the internship at

  16. Indonesian Automatic Speech Recognition For Command Speech Controller Multimedia Player

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivien Arief Wardhany


    Full Text Available The purpose of multimedia devices development is controlling through voice. Nowdays voice that can be recognized only in English. To overcome the issue, then recognition using Indonesian language model and accousticc model and dictionary. Automatic Speech Recognizier is build using engine CMU Sphinx with modified english language to Indonesian Language database and XBMC used as the multimedia player. The experiment is using 10 volunteers testing items based on 7 commands. The volunteers is classifiedd by the genders, 5 Male & 5 female. 10 samples is taken in each command, continue with each volunteer perform 10 testing command. Each volunteer also have to try all 7 command that already provided. Based on percentage clarification table, the word “Kanan” had the most recognize with percentage 83% while “pilih” is the lowest one. The word which had the most wrong clarification is “kembali” with percentagee 67%, while the word “kanan” is the lowest one. From the result of Recognition Rate by male there are several command such as “Kembali”, “Utama”, “Atas “ and “Bawah” has the low Recognition Rate. Especially for “kembali” cannot be recognized as the command in the female voices but in male voice that command has 4% of RR this is because the command doesn’t have similar word in english near to “kembali” so the system unrecognize the command. Also for the command “Pilih” using the female voice has 80% of RR but for the male voice has only 4% of RR. This problem is mostly because of the different voice characteristic between adult male and female which male has lower voice frequencies (from 85 to 180 Hz than woman (165 to 255 Hz.The result of the experiment showed that each man had different number of recognition rate caused by the difference tone, pronunciation, and speed of speech. For further work needs to be done in order to improving the accouracy of the Indonesian Automatic Speech Recognition system

  17. 32 CFR 700.723 - Administration and discipline: Separate and detached command. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administration and discipline: Separate and... OFFICIAL RECORDS Commanders In Chief and Other Commanders Administration and Discipline § 700.723 Administration and discipline: Separate and detached command. Any flag or general officer in command, any...

  18. 75 FR 18824 - Federal Advisory Committee; U.S. Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group; Closed Meeting (United States)


    ..., intelligence, and policy-related issues to the Commander, U.S. Strategic Command, during the development of the... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; U.S. Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group; Closed... announces that the U.S. Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group will meet on May 6 and 7, 2010....

  19. Automatic sequences

    CERN Document Server

    Haeseler, Friedrich


    Automatic sequences are sequences which are produced by a finite automaton. Although they are not random they may look as being random. They are complicated, in the sense of not being not ultimately periodic, they may look rather complicated, in the sense that it may not be easy to name the rule by which the sequence is generated, however there exists a rule which generates the sequence. The concept automatic sequences has special applications in algebra, number theory, finite automata and formal languages, combinatorics on words. The text deals with different aspects of automatic sequences, in particular:· a general introduction to automatic sequences· the basic (combinatorial) properties of automatic sequences· the algebraic approach to automatic sequences· geometric objects related to automatic sequences.

  20. Command and control displays for space vehicle operations (United States)

    Desjardins, Daniel D.; Zetocha, Paul; Aleva, Denise


    This paper shall examine several command and control facility display architectures supporting space vehicle operations, to include TacSat 2, TacSat 3, STPSat 2, and Communications Navigation Outage Forecasting System (CNOFS), located within the Research Development Test & Evaluation Support Complex (RSC) Satellite Operations Center 97 (SOC-97) at Kirtland Air Force Base. A principal focus is to provide an understanding for the general design class of displays currently supporting space vehicle command and control, e.g., custom, commercial-off-the-shelf, or ruggedized commercial-off-the-shelf, and more specifically, what manner of display performance capabilities, e.g., active area, resolution, luminance, contrast ratio, frame/refresh rate, temperature range, shock/vibration, etc., are needed for particular aspects of space vehicle command and control. Another focus shall be to address the types of command and control functions performed for each of these systems, to include how operators interact with the displays, e.g., joystick, trackball, keyboard/mouse, as well as the kinds of information needed or displayed for each function. [Comparison with other known command and control facilities, such as Cheyenne Mountain and NORAD Operations Center, shall be made.] Future, anticipated display systems shall be discussed.

  1. Spreadsheet macros for coloring sequence alignments. (United States)

    Haygood, M G


    This article describes a set of Microsoft Excel macros designed to color amino acid and nucleotide sequence alignments for review and preparation of visual aids. The colored alignments can then be modified to emphasize features of interest. Procedures for importing and coloring sequences are described. The macro file adds a new menu to the menu bar containing sequence-related commands to enable users unfamiliar with Excel to use the macros more readily. The macros were designed for use with Macintosh computers but will also run with the DOS version of Excel.

  2. Mission operations and command assurance - Automating an operations TQM task (United States)

    Welz, Linda; Kazz, Sheri; Potts, Sherrill; Witkowski, Mona; Bruno, Kristin


    A long-term program is in progress at JPL to reduce cost and risk of mission operations through defect prevention and error management. A major element of this program, Mission Operations and Command Assurance (MO&CA), provides a system level function on flight projects to instill quality in mission operations. MO&CA embodies the total quality management TQM principle of continuous process improvement (CPI) and uses CPI in applying automation to mission operations to reduce risk and costs. MO&CA has led efforts to apply and has implemented automation in areas that impact the daily flight project work environment including Incident Surprise Anomaly tracking and reporting; command data verification, tracking and reporting; and command support data usage. MO&CA's future work in automation will take into account that future mission operations systems must be designed to avoid increasing error through the introduction of automation, while adapting to the demands of smaller flight teams.

  3. Optimal command generation for tracking a class of discontinuous trajectories (United States)

    Weissenberger, S.


    Commands are found to drive a linear system to optimally track a class of prescribed trajectories, each of which contains a point of discontinuity. The paper focuses on the guidance problem of command generation, to be implemented in a feedforward fashion; the necessary additional control or feedback regulation structure is not studied in detail, but assumed to be provided in applications as a conventional error-feedback regulator. Solutions are found for the infinite-time problem which are optimal with respect to a quadratic performance criterion; suboptimal controls which satisfy a continuity condition are also found. The controls have applications to certain problems in aircraft guidance where command trajectories are piecewise continuous. Several examples are worked out in detail, with comparisons with conventional, nonfeedforward solutions to the problem, and a brief discussion of a simpler, suboptimal solution.

  4. Reliability Analysis and Standardization of Spacecraft Command Generation Processes (United States)

    Meshkat, Leila; Grenander, Sven; Evensen, Ken


    center dot In order to reduce commanding errors that are caused by humans, we create an approach and corresponding artifacts for standardizing the command generation process and conducting risk management during the design and assurance of such processes. center dot The literature review conducted during the standardization process revealed that very few atomic level human activities are associated with even a broad set of missions. center dot Applicable human reliability metrics for performing these atomic level tasks are available. center dot The process for building a "Periodic Table" of Command and Control Functions as well as Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) models is demonstrated. center dot The PRA models are executed using data from human reliability data banks. center dot The Periodic Table is related to the PRA models via Fault Links.

  5. Research into command, control, and communications in space construction (United States)

    Davis, Randal


    Coordinating and controlling large numbers of autonomous or semi-autonomous robot elements in a space construction activity will present problems that are very different from most command and control problems encountered in the space business. As part of our research into the feasibility of robot constructors in space, the CSC Operations Group is examining a variety of command, control, and communications (C3) issues. Two major questions being asked are: can we apply C3 techniques and technologies already developed for use in space; and are there suitable terrestrial solutions for extraterrestrial C3 problems? An overview of the control architectures, command strategies, and communications technologies that we are examining is provided and plans for simulations and demonstrations of our concepts are described.

  6. Secure Recognition of Voice-Less Commands Using Videos (United States)

    Yau, Wai Chee; Kumar, Dinesh Kant; Weghorn, Hans

    Interest in voice recognition technologies for internet applications is growing due to the flexibility of speech-based communication. The major drawback with the use of sound for internet access with computers is that the commands will be audible to other people in the vicinity. This paper examines a secure and voice-less method for recognition of speech-based commands using video without evaluating sound signals. The proposed approach represents mouth movements in the video data using 2D spatio-temporal templates (STT). Zernike moments (ZM) are computed from STT and fed into support vector machines (SVM) to be classified into one of the utterances. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed technique produces a high accuracy of 98% in a phoneme classification task. The proposed technique is demonstrated to be invariant to global variations of illumination level. Such a system is useful for securely interpreting user commands for internet applications on mobile devices.

  7. Swing-Free Cranes via Input Shaping of Operator Commands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Groom, Kenneth N.; Parker, Gordon G.; Robinett, Rush D.; Leban, Frank


    This paper presents an open-loop control method for suppressing payload oscillation or swing caused by operator commanded maneuvers in rotary boom cranes and the method is experimentally verified on a one-sixteenth scale model of a Hagglunds shipboard crane. The crane configuration consists of a payload mass that swings like a spherical pendulum on the end of a lift-line which is attached to a boom capable of hub rotation (slewing) and elevation (luffing). Positioning of the payload is accomplished through the hub and boom angles and the load-line length. Since the configuration of the crane affects the excitation and response of the payload, the swing control scheme must account for the varying geometry of the system. Adaptive forward path command filters are employed to remove components of the command signal which induce payload swing.

  8. Comparison between a classical command law and a new advanced recovery command law in a MCB-ARS boost (United States)

    Petit, Pierre; Saint-Eve, Frédéric; Sawicki, Jean-Paul; Aillerie, Michel


    This paper focuses on an original performed command on DC-DC boosts developed for applications in the LMOPS lab for the photovoltaic energy conversion and more specifically the Photovoltaic panels connected to HVDC smart grids. This boost, commonly named MCB-ARS (Magnetically Coupled Boost with Active Recovery Switch) presents great advantages concerning the simplicity of the command on the single constitutive switch, the global efficiency and the voltage conversion ratio. A fine analysis of the losses all over the entire converter shows that losses are not distributed uniformly in the constituting components. So a previous modification described in a previous paper consisting in the conducting assistance on the power flowing intermediate diode, performed advantageously the global efficiency. The present analysis takes into account the fact that the new configuration obtained after this important improvement looks like a classical half-bridge push-pull stage and may be controlled by a twice complementary command. In that way, a comparison has been done between a natural commutation recovery diode and an assisted switch commutation driven in a push-pull mode. As attempted, the switching command laws in charge to assume the energy transfer has been compared to the classical previous system described in anterior papers, and we demonstrate in this publication that a commutation based on a push-pull command mode within the two switches of the MCB-ARS converter is possible and increases the power transfer.

  9. Some aspects of management of a command in handball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serduyk D.G.


    Full Text Available An appropriateness and efficiency of the use of two components of management a game is considered in a handball: leadthrough of replacements and taking of minute interruptions. Such actions allow to do the game of command more guided and more disciplined. They render assistance to achievement stably of high sporting results. The leadthrough of replacements and taking of minute interruptions in a great deal depends on experience of trainer, his psychological state. Taking of minute interruption can be accompanied the series of replacements. It causes the sharp change of tactical actions of game or removal of nervousness in the actions of command.

  10. Oracle Enterprise Manager 12c command-line interface

    CERN Document Server

    Pot'Vin, Kellyn; Smith, Ray


    Oracle Enterprise Manager 12c Command-Line Interface shows how to use Enterprise Manager's powerful scripting language to automate your database administration work and save time by scripting routine tasks, and then executing those scripts across collections of databases and instances in your environment. This book is chock full of ready-made scripting examples contributed by the authors and leading members of the community. For example, you'll find scripts and examples of commands to: Remove an Enterprise Manager agent and its related targetsQuickly create administrator accounts that are ful

  11. Three dimensional visualization to support command and control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Slambrook, G.A.


    Virtual reality concepts are changing the way one thinks about and with computers. The concepts have already proven their potential usefulness in a broad range of applications. This research was concerned with exploring and demonstrating the utility of virtual reality in robotics and satellite command and control applications. The robotics work addressed the need to quickly build accurate graphical models of physical environments by allowing a user to interactively build a model of a remote environment by superimposing stereo graphics onto live stereo video. The satellite work addressed the fusion of multiple data sets or models into one synergistic display for more effective training, design, and command and control of satellite systems.

  12. Phoneme Based Speaker—Independent English Command Recognition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贲俊; 万旺根; 余小清


    In this paper we propose a new algorithm of phoneme based speaker-independent English command recognition and develop a speaker-independent English command recognition system. It accelerates the whole system development by using HTK (hide Markov toolkits) and Visual C + + based on the character' istics of speaker-independent speech recognition. In recognition phase we combine the confidence measures with incomplete matching, which considerably improve the quality of recognition. The recognition accuracyis increased by 4.8 % over complete matching without back-end processing when the sige of vocabulary is more than 10.

  13. Sequence assembly

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scheibye-Alsing, Karsten; Hoffmann, S.; Frankel, Annett Maria


    Despite the rapidly increasing number of sequenced and re-sequenced genomes, many issues regarding the computational assembly of large-scale sequencing data have remain unresolved. Computational assembly is crucial in large genome projects as well for the evolving high-throughput technologies...

  14. AMO EXPRESS: A Command and Control Experiment for Crew Autonomy Onboard the International Space Station (United States)

    Stetson, Howard K.; Haddock, Angie T.; Frank, Jeremy; Cornelius, Randy; Wang, Lui; Garner, Larry


    NASA is investigating a range of future human spaceflight missions, including both Mars-distance and Near Earth Object (NEO) targets. Of significant importance for these missions is the balance between crew autonomy and vehicle automation. As distance from Earth results in increasing communication delays, future crews need both the capability and authority to independently make decisions. However, small crews cannot take on all functions performed by ground today, and so vehicles must be more automated to reduce the crew workload for such missions. NASA's Advanced Exploration Systems Program funded Autonomous Mission Operations (AMO) project conducted an autonomous command and control experiment on-board the International Space Station that demonstrated single action intelligent procedures for crew command and control. The target problem was to enable crew initialization of a facility class rack with power and thermal interfaces, and involving core and payload command and telemetry processing, without support from ground controllers. This autonomous operations capability is enabling in scenarios such as initialization of a medical facility to respond to a crew medical emergency, and representative of other spacecraft autonomy challenges. The experiment was conducted using the Expedite the Processing of Experiments for Space Station (EXPRESS) rack 7, which was located in the Port 2 location within the U.S Laboratory onboard the International Space Station (ISS). Activation and deactivation of this facility is time consuming and operationally intensive, requiring coordination of three flight control positions, 47 nominal steps, 57 commands, 276 telemetry checks, and coordination of multiple ISS systems (both core and payload). Utilization of Draper Laboratory's Timeliner software, deployed on-board the ISS within the Command and Control (C&C) computers and the Payload computers, allowed development of the automated procedures specific to ISS without having to certify

  15. Process capture and modeling via workflow for integrated human-based automated command and control processes (United States)

    Green, David; Dunaway, Brad; Reaper, Jerome


    The Virtual Testbed for Advanced Command and Control Concepts (VTAC) program is performing research and development efforts leading to the creation of a testbed for new Command and Control (C2) processes, subprocesses and embedded automated systems and subsystems. This testbed will initially support the capture and modeling of existing C2 processes/subprocesses. Having modeled these at proper levels of abstraction, proposed revisions or replacements to processes, systems and subsystems can be evaluated within a virtual workspace that integrates human operators and automated systems in the context of a larger C2 process. By utilizing such a testbed early in the development cycle, expected improvements resulting from specific revisions or replacements can be quantitatively established. Crossover effects resulting from changes to one or more interrelated processes can also be measured. Quantified measures of improvement can then be provided to decision makers for use in cost-to-performance benefits analysis prior to implementing proposed revisions, replacements, or a sequence of planned enhancements. This paper first presents a high-level view of the VTAC project, followed by a discussion of an example C2 process that was captured, abstracted, and modeled. The abstraction approach, model implementation, and simulations results are covered in detail.

  16. Applications for General Purpose Command Buffers: The Emergency Conjunction Avoidance Maneuver (United States)

    Scheid, Robert J; England, Martin


    A case study is presented for the use of Relative Operation Sequence (ROS) command buffers to quickly execute a propulsive maneuver to avoid a collision with space debris. In this process, a ROS is custom-built with a burn time and magnitude, uplinked to the spacecraft, and executed in 15 percent of the time of the previous method. This new process provides three primary benefits. First, the planning cycle can be delayed until it is certain a burn must be performed, reducing team workload. Second, changes can be made to the burn parameters almost up to the point of execution while still allowing the normal uplink product review process, reducing the risk of leaving the operational orbit because of outdated burn parameters, and minimizing the chance of accidents from human error, such as missed commands, in a high-stress situation. Third, the science impacts can be customized and minimized around the burn, and in the event of an abort can be eliminated entirely in some circumstances. The result is a compact burn process that can be executed in as few as four hours and can be aborted seconds before execution. Operational, engineering, planning, and flight dynamics perspectives are presented, as well as a functional overview of the code and workflow required to implement the process. Future expansions and capabilities are also discussed.

  17. Global Strike 2035: Considerations for Enabling Effective Command and Control (United States)


    organizational networks and databases .49 The second implication for the organizational design stems from the requirement to operate globally. To...Press, 1997. ebook Collection ( EBSCOhost ), EBSCOhost (accessed 26 November 2011). Critchlow, Robert D. “Nuclear Command and Control: Current Programs

  18. Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance: Mission Command and Centralized Control (United States)


    Ewell was the new commander of the Confederate Second Corps, having replaced the fallen Stonewall Jackson . Before the...mass of traffic moving south on the roads in the vicinity of Brehal, Gavray, and Percy . In places transport was moving bumper to bumper…the damage

  19. The Chain of Command May Be Broken--Sometimes. (United States)

    Sendor, Benjamin


    Board members should learn from two court decisions about the limits the First Amendment places on chain-of-command policies. Employees who have complaints about matters that affect the public may not be prohibited from bypassing the superintendent and coming directly to the school board. (MLF)

  20. Accelerating Academic Literacy: The Commanding English Program for Immigrant Students (United States)

    Murie, Robin; Bents, Mary


    The University of Minnesota is helping provide greater college access for students from immigrant families who must learn to negotiate a new culture and language as well as manage lives often marked by poverty and under-funded urban schools. In the University's Commanding English program, immigrant high school students study both at their high…

  1. PetroChina to Establish Command Center on Oil Dispatch

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Desin


    @@ PetroChina will install a command center on the distribution of refined oil products in 2008 to improve supply efficiency amidst oil shortage. The center with its layout designed by the China Petroleum and Petrochemical Engineering Institute has entered feasibility study, and may be put to use in August at the earliest,according to the recent reports from China news media.

  2. Commander Young removes CAP from FDF stowage locker on middeck (United States)


    Commander Young removes Crew Activity Plans (CAP) from Flight Data File (FD/FDF) modular stowage locker single tray assembly located in forward middeck locker MF28E. Window shade and filter kit on port side bulkhead and potable water tank on middeck floor appear in view. Photo was taken by Pilot Crippen with a 35mm camera.

  3. Commander Brand shaves in front of forward middeck lockers (United States)


    Commander Brand, wearing shorts, shaves in front of forward middeck lockers using personal hygiene mirror assembly (assy). Open modular locker single tray assy, Field Sequential (FS) crew cabin camera, communications kit assy mini headset (HDST) and HDST interface unit (HIU), personal hygiene kit, and meal tray assemblies appear in view.

  4. Information Security / 2002 Command & Control Research & Technology Symposium


    Buddenberg, Rex


    Approved for public display, distribution unlimited 2002 Command & Control Research & Technology Symposium, Naval Postgraduate School, Code IS/Bu, Monterey,CA,93943 Security in information systems is a complex problem. Single solutions to complex problems don't exist and matching the appropriate solution (or more accurately, a set of solutions) to a requirement is necessary.

  5. STS-112 Commander Ashby during post landing news conference (United States)


    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - STS-112 Commander Jeffrey Ashby is shown during the crew's post-landing briefing for the media. Mission STS-112 was the 15th assembly flight to the International Space Station, installing the S1 truss. The landing was the 60th at KSC in the history of the Shuttle program.

  6. Effects of Generalization and Specialization on the Development of Commanders (United States)


    REPORT DATE Same 16 April 19R2 13. NUMBER OF PAGES ___36 14. MONITORING AGENCY NAME & ADDRESS(if different from Controlling Office) 15. SECURITY CLASS...IV. REQU UVREM PoCI COMMAND The 1970 Study on Military Professionalism by the Army War College recommended that certain officer assignment priorities

  7. The United States Strategic Command: A Cold War Icon (United States)


    the early 1900s and secondly, politicians were having a difficult time finding a place for atomic weapons in society after WWII. Julio Douhet...Headquarters Strategic Air Command, Offutt. Nebraska. 1936 . 4 evolving from an armed forces centered concept to one where a more diverse civilian populus or

  8. Cognitive Systems Modeling and Analysis of Command and Control Systems (United States)

    Norlander, Arne


    Military operations, counter-terrorism operations and emergency response often oblige operators and commanders to operate within distributed organizations and systems for safe and effective mission accomplishment. Tactical commanders and operators frequently encounter violent threats and critical demands on cognitive capacity and reaction time. In the future they will make decisions in situations where operational and system characteristics are highly dynamic and non-linear, i.e. minor events, decisions or actions may have serious and irreversible consequences for the entire mission. Commanders and other decision makers must manage true real time properties at all levels; individual operators, stand-alone technical systems, higher-order integrated human-machine systems and joint operations forces alike. Coping with these conditions in performance assessment, system development and operational testing is a challenge for both practitioners and researchers. This paper reports on research from which the results led to a breakthrough: An integrated approach to information-centered systems analysis to support future command and control systems research development. This approach integrates several areas of research into a coherent framework, Action Control Theory (ACT). It comprises measurement techniques and methodological advances that facilitate a more accurate and deeper understanding of the operational environment, its agents, actors and effectors, generating new and updated models. This in turn generates theoretical advances. Some good examples of successful approaches are found in the research areas of cognitive systems engineering, systems theory, and psychophysiology, and in the fields of dynamic, distributed decision making and naturalistic decision making.

  9. Command and Control during Security Incidents/Emergencies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knipper, W. [NSTec


    This presentation builds on our response to events that pose, or have the potential to pose, a serious security or law enforcement risk and must be responded to and controlled in a clear a decisive fashion. We will examine some common concepts in the command and control of security-centric events.

  10. RAPID: Collaborative Commanding and Monitoring of Lunar Assets (United States)

    Torres, Recaredo J.; Mittman, David S.; Powell, Mark W.; Norris, Jeffrey S.; Joswig, Joseph C.; Crockett, Thomas M.; Abramyan, Lucy; Shams, Khawaja S.; Wallick, Michael; Allan, Mark; Hirsh, Robert


    RAPID (Robot Application Programming Interface Delegate) software utilizes highly robust technology to facilitate commanding and monitoring of lunar assets. RAPID provides the ability for intercenter communication, since these assets are developed in multiple NASA centers. RAPID is targeted at the task of lunar operations; specifically, operations that deal with robotic assets, cranes, and astronaut spacesuits, often developed at different NASA centers. RAPID allows for a uniform way to command and monitor these assets. Commands can be issued to take images, and monitoring is done via telemetry data from the asset. There are two unique features to RAPID: First, it allows any operator from any NASA center to control any NASA lunar asset, regardless of location. Second, by abstracting the native language for specific assets to a common set of messages, an operator may control and monitor any NASA lunar asset by being trained only on the use of RAPID, rather than the specific asset. RAPID is easier to use and more powerful than its predecessor, the Astronaut Interface Device (AID). Utilizing the new robust middleware, DDS (Data Distribution System), developing in RAPID has increased significantly over the old middleware. The API is built upon the Java Eclipse Platform, which combined with DDS, provides platform-independent software architecture, simplifying development of RAPID components. As RAPID continues to evolve and new messages are being designed and implemented, operators for future lunar missions will have a rich environment for commanding and monitoring assets.

  11. Detection of Botnet Command and Control Traffic in Enterprise Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burghouwt, P.


    Botnets play an important role in modern Internet-related cybercrime. A botnet consists of a group of infected computers, referred to as bots. The bots are remotely controlled and deployed in malicious activities, such as DDoS attacks, spam, and espionage. Clever design of the botnet C&C (Command an

  12. 78 FR 24694 - Family Advocacy Command Assistance Team (FACAT) (United States)


    ... care is legally responsible. (1) The term ``child'' means a biological child, adopted child, stepchild... at the headquarters level. Military criminal investigative organization (MCIO). U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Command, Naval Criminal Investigative Service, and Air Force Office of Special Investigations....

  13. NET: an inter-computer file transfer command

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burris, R.D.


    The NET command was defined and supported in order to facilitate file transfer between computers. Among the goals of the implementation were greatest possible ease of use, maximum power (i.e., support of a diversity of equipment and operations), and protection of the operating system.

  14. Mission Command Analysis Using Monte Carlo Tree Search (United States)


    Luther King Drive, White Sands Missile Range, NM 88002-5502, 28 September 2011. REF-1 ... lessons learned: • When implementing MCTS into partially observable games, we must be able to produce a fully-specified state based on available information...Ohman. COMBATXXI, defined. COMBAT XXI online documentation, Training and Doctrine Command Analysis Center—White Sands Missile Range (TRAC-WSMR), Martin

  15. Commander in chief : FDR's battle with Churchill, 1943

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hamilton, Charles Nigel


    Commander in Chief is een deelbiografie van president Franklin Delano Roosevelt waarin Roosevelts rol als opperbevelhebber van de gewapende strijdkrachten van de Verenigde Staten in de Tweede Wereldoorlog het hoofdthema is. Het boek concentreert zich op het jaar 1943: een jaar waaraan biografen van

  16. Climate Change: Challenges and Opportunities for United States Pacific Command (United States)


    movements. Busby asserts that, because of its vast forests, Indonesia plays an important role in determining impacts of climate change . Deforestation and... Climate Change : Challenges and Opportunities for United States Pacific Command by Lieutenant Colonel James D. Golden...DATES COVERED (From - To) 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER Climate Change : Challenges and Opportunities for United

  17. Information Fusion for Collaborating Commanders at Different Levels (United States)


    e.g. according to the JDL model, where the lowest level deals with describing single objects, the next level sets the object(s) in a setting that can...connection to levels used in other contexts such as command- or JDL levels. In reality there may be more levels involved, but the figure shows the

  18. The Squadron Commander’s Responsibility for Officer Professional Development (United States)


    Squadron commanders (Sq/CCs), as Air Force leaders, have a duty to help create futureleaders. While officer professional development (OPD) is a duty...the Air Forces existing professional development construct. After describing these responsibilities, this paper concludes with three recommendations

  19. CACTUS: Command and Control Training Using Knowledge-Based Simulations (United States)

    Hartley, Roger; Ravenscroft, Andrew; Williams, R. J.


    The CACTUS project was concerned with command and control training of large incidents where public order may be at risk, such as large demonstrations and marches. The training requirements and objectives of the project are first summarized justifying the use of knowledge-based computer methods to support and extend conventional training…

  20. Joint Forward Operating Base Elements of Command and Control (United States)

    Summers, William C.


    Since the 1986 Goldwater-Nichols Act directed the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to develop doctrine for the joint employment of the armed forces, tactics, techniques, and procedures have evolved at different rates depending on the competency. Whereas the command of joint air forces is well prescribed within the structure of the air operations center and its associated leadership, command of air assets at a joint forward operating base lacks guidance. Today, the United States prosecutes an air war over Afghanistan from bases in Uzbekistan, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. Elements of the United States Army, Air Force, and Marines combine at these geographically minute locations, each bringing a certain complement of support and command and control. Evidence from operations during the 1999 air war for Kosovo at Tirana Rinas Airport in Albania suggests that when these service elements meet at the airfield for the first time, there are problems associated with local procedure. At best, time is wasted creating local joint systems to overcome the difficulties. At worst, safety and mission accomplishment are jeopardized. This thesis will address the need to develop doctrine and a jointly integrated organization to support the command and control function at a forward operating base.

  1. General Curtis E. Lemay on Leadership and Command (United States)


    with him and in his class was an Ohio State alum and eventual long time friend and colleague, Francis “Butch” Grizwold. Grizwold became a lieutenant...the 306th Bomb Group at Wendover, Utah, LeMay became the commander of the 305th Bomb Group, formed across the salt flat near Salt Lake City. This was

  2. Detection of Botnet Command and Control Traffic in Enterprise Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burghouwt, P.


    Botnets play an important role in modern Internet-related cybercrime. A botnet consists of a group of infected computers, referred to as bots. The bots are remotely controlled and deployed in malicious activities, such as DDoS attacks, spam, and espionage. Clever design of the botnet C&C (Command an

  3. Installation Management Command: Preparing Civilians for the Army of 2020 (United States)


    resist change.55 “Walt Disney is credited with saying that “change is inevitable, growth is optional.”56 If we are to execute the best plan to...Management Command Regulation 350-1 (Washington, DC, U.S. Department of the Army, June 1 2010). 11 U.S. Department of the Army, The Army, A-3. 12

  4. Implications of a Non-Unified Command System and the Need for a Unified Command System in Zambia (United States)


    processes; and maintenance of unity of command. This includes: joint resources; shared planning; logistical procedures and supplies ; finance ———. “Petition to the International Community for Release of all Barotseland Nationals Arrested and Jailed on Barotseland

  5. The Display of Visual Information in Mission Command Systems: Implications for Cognitive Performance in the Command Post of the Future (United States)


    Bigelow, C. A. Does Print Size Matter for Reading? A Review of Findings from Vision Science and Typography . Journal of Vision 2011, 11 (5), 1–22...Command, Control, Communications, and Tactical (April 2011). TBC CLIENT FAMILY. Reason, J. T. Human Error; Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press

  6. Marine Tactical Command and Control System (MTACCS), Field Development System-1 (FDS-1) assessment: Volume 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avery, L W; Hunt, S T; Savage, S F [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); McLaughlin, P D; Shepard, A P; Worl, J C [Battelle Seattle Research Center, Seattle, WA (United States)


    The following appendices contain the detailed analysis data for the questionnaires and various FDS-1 after action reports submitted to the Marine Corps Systems Command (MARCORSYSCOM) Marine Tactical Command and Control System (MTACCS) Systems' Engineer.

  7. Genome Sequencing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sato, Shusei; Andersen, Stig Uggerhøj


    The current Lotus japonicus reference genome sequence is based on a hybrid assembly of Sanger TAC/BAC, Sanger shotgun and Illumina shotgun sequencing data generated from the Miyakojima-MG20 accession. It covers nearly all expressed L. japonicus genes and has been annotated mainly based on transcr......The current Lotus japonicus reference genome sequence is based on a hybrid assembly of Sanger TAC/BAC, Sanger shotgun and Illumina shotgun sequencing data generated from the Miyakojima-MG20 accession. It covers nearly all expressed L. japonicus genes and has been annotated mainly based...

  8. A Balanced Approach: Thoughts for the Adoption of Mission Command by the Joint Force (United States)


    Mission Command.” Defence Studies 3, no. 3 (November 2003): 121, Military and Government Collection, EBSCOhost . 4 Dempsey, “Mission Command White...Quarterly no. 68 (2013 1 st Quarter 2013): 32, Military and Government Collection, EBSCOhost 8 U.S. Army, Mission Command: Command and Control of Army...operations center." Army Communicator 36, no. 3 (Fall2011 2011): 14-19. Military & Government Collection, EBSCOhost (accessed 21 March 2013

  9. An Evaluation of the Fitness Knowledge of U.S. Army Company and Battalion Commanders. (United States)

    The purpose of this study was to determine if the US Army’s company and battalion commanders possess the fitness knowledge necessary to physically...train their units. To obtain information concerning commander’s fitness knowledge , a 75 item questionnaire-survey was administered to active duty...previously commanded a battalion, and to the lieutenant colonels attending a Spring 1992 Pre -Command Course. The survey, focused on the five components of

  10. 32 CFR 700.602 - The Commandant of the Coast Guard. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false The Commandant of the Coast Guard. 700.602... States Coast Guard (When Operating as a Service in the Navy) § 700.602 The Commandant of the Coast Guard. (a) The Commandant of the Coast Guard is the senior officer of the United States Coast Guard....

  11. 32 CFR 700.722 - Administration and discipline: Staff unassigned to an administrative command. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administration and discipline: Staff unassigned... REGULATIONS AND OFFICIAL RECORDS Commanders In Chief and Other Commanders Administration and Discipline § 700.722 Administration and discipline: Staff unassigned to an administrative command. (a) When it is...

  12. Point-and-Command Paradigm for Interaction with Assistive Robots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Razvan Gabriel Boboc


    Full Text Available This paper presents a multi-modal interface for the interaction between a human user and an assistive humanoid robot. The interaction is performed through gestural commands and a dialogue mechanism to provide a ‘natural’ means for the user to command an assistive robot to perform several given tasks. A “Point-and-Command” interaction concept was proposed with the aim of providing the user with an easy-to-use and intuitive interface and to improve the efficiency of human-robot collaboration. Likewise, a decision support system (DSS was implemented based on fuzzy logic, in order to warn the user when an active robot is about to become unusable and should be replaced. Thus, the interaction time, which depends on the robot's battery life, can be increased by replacing the assistant with another more fully charged one, making the interaction seem more natural.

  13. AFRL Commander's Challenge 2015: stopping the active shooter (United States)

    McIntire, John P.; Boston, Jonathan; Smith, Brandon; Swartz, Pete; Whitney-Rawls, Amy; Martinez Calderon, Julian; Magin, Jonathan


    In this work, we describe a rapid-innovation challenge to combat and deal with the problem of internal, insider physical threats (e.g., active shooters) and associated first-responder situation awareness on military installations. Our team's research and development effort described within focused on several key tech development areas: (1) indoor acoustical gunshot detection, (2) indoor spatial tracking of first responders, (3) bystander safety and protection, (4) two-way mass alerting capability, and (5) spatial information displays for command and control. The technological solutions were specifically designed to be innovative, low-cost, and (relatively) easy-to-implement, and to provide support across the spectrum of possible users including potential victims/bystanders, first responders, dispatch, and incident command.

  14. JAMES MARSHALL-CORNWALL: Foch as Military Commander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.J. Bouch


    Full Text Available Marshal Foch will always be remembered along with Joffre, Petain, Waygand, Castelnau and the other French commanders who on several occasions helped to save their country from catastrophe during the First World War. In this book General Marshall-Cornwall considers the contribution of Foch to France's war effort and to ultimate Allied victory. As befits a volume in the 'Military Commanders' series, the bulk of the account (thirteen chapters out of twenty-one is devoted to the period of hostilities. The first eight chapters cover Foch's early years and the development of his military throught and philosophy, and proceed to an evaluation of the European political situation in the years before 1914, including the evolution of the Entente CordiaIe.

  15. Trojan-horse nanotube on-command intracellular drug delivery. (United States)

    Wu, Chia-Hsuan; Cao, Cong; Kim, Jin Ho; Hsu, Chih-Hsun; Wanebo, Harold J; Bowen, Wayne D; Xu, Jimmy; Marshall, John


    A major challenge to nanomaterial-based medicine is the ability to release drugs on-command. Here, we describe an innovative drug delivery system based on carbon nanotubes (CNTs), in which compounds can be released inside cells from within the nanotube "on-command" by inductive heating with an external alternating current or pulsed magnetic field. Without inductive heating the drug remains safely inside the CNTs, showing no toxicity in cell viability tests. Similar to the "Trojan-Horse" in function, we demonstrate the delivery of a combination of chemotherapeutic agents with low aqueous solubility, paclitaxel (Taxol), and C6-ceramide, to multidrug resistant pancreatic cancer cells. Nanotube encapsulation permitted the drugs to be used at a 100-fold lower concentration compared to exogenous treatment yet achieve a comparable ~70% cancer kill rate.

  16. Mission operations and command assurance: Instilling quality into flight operations (United States)

    Welz, Linda L.; Witkowski, Mona M.; Bruno, Kristin J.; Potts, Sherrill S.


    Mission Operations and Command Assurance (MO&CA) is a Total Quality Management (TQM) task on JPL projects to instill quality in flight mission operations. From a system engineering view, MO&CA facilitates communication and problem-solving among flight teams and provides continuous process improvement to reduce the probability of radiating incorrect commands to a spacecraft. The MO&CA task has evolved from participating as a member of the spacecraft team to an independent team reporting directly to flight project management and providing system level assurance. JPL flight projects have benefited significantly from MO&CA's effort to contain risk and prevent rather than rework errors. MO&CA's ability to provide direct transfer of knowledge allows new projects to benefit from previous and ongoing flight experience.

  17. An Approach to Command and Control Using Emerging Technologies (United States)


    An Approach To Command and Control Using Emerging Technologies ICCRTS – 044 Dan Carpenter Air Force Research Laboratory / RISA ATTN Dan Carpenter... RISA 525 Brookes Rd Rome, NY 13441 (315) 330-7121 Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the...PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Air Force Research Laboratory / RISA ,525

  18. Network Enabled Operations: The Experiences of Senior Canadian Commanders (United States)


    American concept of Network-Centric Warfare (NCW) as NEOps is expected “‘to generate increased combat power by networking sensors, decision makers and...relationships will remain vital… I just think you need to be able to strike the balance to exploit the wonderful power from technology that is out there and...he found that networked systems helped to minimize micromanagement, “because [commanders] don’t have to pester subordinate leaders as to what they

  19. Delayed Bilateral Teleoperation of Wheeled Robots including a Command Metric



    This paper proposes a control scheme applied to the delayed bilateral teleoperation of wheeled robots with force feedback, considering the performance of the operator`s command execution. In addition, the stability of the system is analyzed taking into account the dynamic model of the master as well as the remote mobile robot under asymmetric and time-varying delays of the communication channel. Besides, the performance of the teleoperation system, where a human operator drives a 3D simulator...

  20. Foreign Command of US Forces in Combined Theatre Operations (United States)


    Russell and Jeannette E. Muther , A History of the United Nations h (Washington D.C.: The Brookings Institution 1958), p. 55, footnote 27. China’s UN...York: Praeger Publishers, 1992), p. 16. 12 Richard (New York: The Free Press, 1973), pp. 15-16. 13 See for example Werner J. Feld, Robert S. Jordan...unaccustomed to outsiders." Richard Pyle, ’"Desert Storm IL Saudi Commander Blasts Schwarzkopf Autobiography," Associated Press (New York: October 20

  1. Transforming Airborne Command and Control and Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (United States)


    Information Age, Frank Cass Publishers, 2002. Hume , Col David B. “Command, Control and Integration of Weaponized...changes that codifies the changes in the previous elements or enhances our ability to execute our national-security strategy. Maj Gen David A...Deptula, “USAF Transformation,” Aerospace Power Journal, Fall 2001. 1. 3 Lt Gen David A. Deptula and Lt Col R. Greg Brown, “A House Divided: The

  2. Halsey at Leyte Gulf: Command Decision and Disunity of Effort (United States)


    approach. Of the two commanders, though, Kinkaid had shown the most concern. As part of Seventh Fleet’s routine search plan, PBY patrol aircraft flew ...315 and Jack Sweetman, ed., Great American Naval Battles (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1984), 50, 352, Richard Natkiel and Antony Preston...Force History, 1988. Natkiel, Richard and Antony Preston. Atlas of Maritime History. New York: Facts on File, 1986. Paret, Peter. “Napoleon and the

  3. USN/USMC Commander’s Quick Reference Legal Handbook (United States)


    item of evidence that may be expected to be found and should include the language, and “any parts, pieces, or components thereof.” ALWAYS ASK FOR...1306 (b) UCMJ Articles 16, 22-25 (c) JAGMAN Section 0120 TYPES OF COURTS-MARTIAL SUMMARY COURT-MARTIAL ( SCM ):  Commanding officers (CO) and...Officers in Charge (OIC) have authority to convene SCMs . The CO or OIC is referred to as the convening authority (CA).  SCMs cannot try officers

  4. The Role of the NCO Inside the BCT Command Post (United States)


    account for and maintain individual and unit equipment while caring for Soldiers and their families on and off duty . NCOs coach, mentor, and teach...and instilling the value of the professional Army ethic , ensuring that character and competence are measured equally and have balance throughout the...years NCOs have defined their role in mission command as it applies to their military occupational specialty duties and responsibilities. We as NCOs

  5. Naval Doctrine Publication 6. Naval Command and Control. (United States)


    l’audace, et toujours de l’audace!" (Au- dacity, and again audacity, and always audacity!) - Georges Jacques Danton French Revolutionary Leader, 1792...the right time. "A good plan violently executed now is better than a perfect plan next week." - General George S. Patton, Jr., U.S. Army One theory of...1972). Marshall, S.L.A. Men Against Fire: The Problem of Battle Command in Future War. (Gloucester, MA: Peter Smith, 1978). Orr, George E., Maj, USAF

  6. The Ten Commandments tra Vecchio e Nuovo Testamento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De Berti Raffaele


    Full Text Available Cecil B. DeMille adapted for the screen the biblical text of Exodus twice, and in both cases he devised sophisticated strategies for intersemiotic translation with the aim to create a great show for a popular Christian audience. This is the reason why The Ten Commandments cannot be considered a mere illustration of the biblical story but instead a complex fiction film, which uses the Bible only as a starting point.

  7. Benefits Of Mission Command: Balance Of Philosophy And System (United States)


    and conclusions expressed herein are those of the student author and do not necessarily represent the views of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff...perspective. The concluding chapter of the book, written by John Shy , decorated American 1 Wayne Grigsby, The Current Interwar Years: Is the Army Moving in...professor at the University of Michigan, summarized the emergent problems of the ten first battles. Shy deduced that four common problems plagued

  8. Mission Command in the Joint Task Force -- Port Opening (United States)


    This qualitative analysis used in-depth interviewing to gain a perspective of the perceived benefits and disadvantages of the current OPCON...benefits and disadvantages of the current OPCON relationship with USTRANSCOM, as well as two proposed alternative OPCON relationships: GCC operational...successful implementation of mission command and that trust, swift or conventional, is the center of the bicycle wheel from which all other mission

  9. Systems Architectures for a Tactical Naval Command and Control System (United States)


    assembly of the simpler portions of the problem [ Descartes , 1850: 61]. This thesis dissects the complex engineering process of naval tactical command...Clausewitz presents include courage, strength of body and soul, intelligence, coup d’oeil, determination, energy of action, staunchness, endurance...for the systems engineer will have a fault tolerance placeholder in their mind when defining system functions. Protect Information is removed as a

  10. A Recommendation for the Heavy Division Command Group (United States)


    Commanders of motorised (what we now consider mechanized and armored) forces must therefore operate as near as possible to their troops, and must and already fielded equipment to develop the mobile, protected C3 vehicle needed for airland operations. Telescopic antenna, SINCGARS (Single...operations•" 9. Telescopic antennas support a fast-tempo operation. APUs are necmsary for stationary operations. Map boards need to be detachable and

  11. Centralized Offense, Decentralized Defense: Command and Control of Cyberspace (United States)


    were perfecting wireless telegraphy (radio) technology. During World War II, militaries used radar devices to transmit and receive electromagnetic ...Force, Navy, and intelligence agencies engaged in a bitter struggle to see who would control this new area of warfare.”1 In cyberspace, command and...cyberspace a physical domain, through interlinking by the electromagnetic spectrum and electronic systems, rather than a virtual domain. 3. The

  12. Command and Control for Multifunction Phased Array Radar


    Weber, Mark E.; Cho, John Y. N.; Thomas, Henry G


    We discuss the challenge of managing the Multifunction Phased Array Radar (MPAR) timeline to satisfy the requirements of its multiple missions, with a particular focus on weather surveillance. This command and control (C2) function partitions the available scan time among these missions, exploits opportunities to service multiple missions simultaneously, and utilizes techniques for increasing scan rate where feasible. After reviewing the candidate MPAR architectures and relevant previous rese...

  13. A Mathematical Theory of Command and Control Structures. (United States)


    Systemw by David A. Castaffon APPENDIX C: PTRCCNET: A Software Teatbed for Use in C3 System Researob’ by Elizabeth R.* Duoot vi VK ~ ~ -Pi VjR -. -17717 T...assessments, receiving command inputs, and produoing outputs that are either inputs or omands to other DM’s. The detailed specification of the...of EECS, MIT (draft available; final draft in preparation). 34 ...- , ." . . ,ENVI X 2 DECENTRALIZED ESTIMATION OF LINEAR GAUSSIAN SYSTEMS* by David A

  14. Evaluation of Digital Checklists for Command and Control Operations (United States)


    EVALUATION OF DIGITAL CHECKLISTS FOR COMMAND AND CONTROL OPERATIONS Christopher K. McClernon 1 , Victor S. Finomore 2 , Terence S. Andre 3...the potential effectiveness of a digital system that could take the place of the paper system that is currently being used. A between groups...assessments of each system were analyzed and compared. The data showed that a linear digital checklist takes a longer amount of time than both a paper

  15. Aircraft Enroute Command and Control Comms Redesign Mechanical Documentation (United States)


    uninterrupted power supply , frequency converter, DC power supply , and monitor mount were updated. 15. SUBJECT TERMS JC2S, NG-JC2S, en route, comms, command...subsystems were redesigned in the Next Generation JC2S (NG-JC2S) COMMS System: the uninterrupted power supply (UPS) and frequency converter, the DC power ... supplies , and the flat panel displays. The UPS and frequency converter act as a battery backup and power conditioning for the network

  16. Command and Control Across Space and Cyberspace Domains (United States)


    below the GCC. For example, if the mission was to conduct cyber operations in North Korea , United States Pacific Command (PACOM), wearing their...operations in North Korea , PACOM would maintain C2 throughout the mission since the mission termination point falls in their area of responsibility...president-xi- jinpings -state-visit-united-states. 26 Brett T. Williams, “The Joint Force Commander’s Guide to Cyberspace Operations,” Joint Force Quarterly

  17. Describing the Elephant: Framing a Discussion on Command and Control (United States)


    July–August 2014 Air & Space Power Journal | 17 From the Guest Editor Describing the Elephant Framing a Discussion on Command and Control Col Henry...DATE JUL 2014 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Describing the Elephant: Framing a Discussion on...path ahead for better understanding and op- erational performance in this complex core function. To move down this path requires a common frame of

  18. GRD: An SPSS extension command for generating random data


    Bradley Harding; Denis Cousineau


    To master statistics and data analysis tools, it is necessary to understand a number of concepts, manyof which are quite abstract. For example, sampling from a theoretical distribution can help individuals explore andunderstand randomness. Sampling can also be used to build exercises aimed to help students master statistics. Here, we present GRD (Generator of Random Data), an extension command for SPSS (version 17 and above). With GRD, it is possible to get...

  19. Disagreement, Cognitive Command, and the Indexicality of Moral Truth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reichardt Bastian


    Full Text Available Moral Relativism can be considered an attractive alternative to realism because relativists can make good sense of cultural and societal disagreements by seeing them as faultless. However, we can show that this advantage is made possible by systematically disagreeing with moral phenomenology. Relativists make a substantial distinction between intercultural and intracultural discourses which turns out to be incoherent. This can be shown by making use of Crispin Wright’s notion of Cognitive Command.

  20. SSC San Diego Command History Calendar Year 2005 (United States)


    SSC San Diego from Capt. Tim Flynn on 18 August 2005. Capt. Unetic joined the Center from SPAWAR Headquarters where he was Executive Assistant to...communications. Rear Adm. Tim Flynn Rear Adm. Tim Flynn served as SSC San Diego Commanding Officer beginning 2 May 2002. Before joining SSC San Diego, he was...Steven Short, Arleen Simbulan, Robert Smith, Gleason Snashall, Dow Street, Weden Teng, Deborah Tharp , Tine Thompson, Viet Tran, Thomas Tucker, Rob Turner

  1. Dna Sequencing (United States)

    Tabor, Stanley; Richardson, Charles C.


    A method for sequencing a strand of DNA, including the steps off: providing the strand of DNA; annealing the strand with a primer able to hybridize to the strand to give an annealed mixture; incubating the mixture with four deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates, a DNA polymerase, and at least three deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates in different amounts, under conditions in favoring primer extension to form nucleic acid fragments complementory to the DNA to be sequenced; labelling the nucleic and fragments; separating them and determining the position of the deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates by differences in the intensity of the labels, thereby to determine the DNA sequence.

  2. The Evolution of U.S. Central Command from Operational to Strategic Headquarters (United States)


    accessed May 1, 2010. 56 The XVIIIth Airborne Corps and CJTF-180 was commanded by LTG Dan K. McNeill . 57 U.S. Central Command History Office, OEF...command of U.S. Central Command on 7 July 2003. 74 LTG McNeill turned over command of CJTF-180 to his deputy, MG John Vines. U.S. CENTCOM History...corporal.‖ Charles C. Krulak, ―The Strategic Corporal: Leadership in the Three Block War,‖ Marine Corps Gazette Vol 83, No. 1 (January 1999), 18-22. 94

  3. Artificial Intelligence Applied to the Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence of the U.S. Central Command. (United States)


    these components will be presented. 4.17 °°,. CHAPTER III FOOTNOTES 1. Arron Barr and Edward A. Feigenbaum, eds., Te Handbook gf Artificial Inteligence ol...RD-R137 205 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE APPLIED TO THE COMIMAND CONTROL i/i COMMUNICATIONS RND..(U) ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS U PA J N ENVART 06...appropriate mlitary servic or *swesmment aency. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE APPLIED TO THE COMMAND, CONTROL, COMMUNICATIONS, AND INTELLIGENCE OF THE U.S. CENTRAL

  4. A New Strategy of Guidance Command Generation for Re-entry Vehicle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xie DaoCheng


    Full Text Available Guidance command for re-entry vehicle can be in various formats, but the Euler angles can be provided directly by gyros, so designers used to develop autopilot with commands of Euler angles. After the generation of commands of angle of attack and sideslip angle, it’s important to settle how to convert commands of angle of attack and sideslip angle to commands of Euler angles. Traditional conversion strategy relies on bank angle, but the solution to bank angle comprises complicated calculation and can’t be precise. This paper introduces a new conversion strategy of guidance command. This strategy relies on the relative position and velocity measured by seeker, an auxiliary coordinate is established as a transition, the transformation matrix from launch coordinate to body coordinate is solved in a new way, then the commands of Euler angles are obtained. The calculation of bank angle is avoided. The autopilot designed with the converted Euler-angle commands, can track commands of angle of attack and sideslip angle steadily. The vehicle reaches the target point precisely. Simulation results show that the new conversion strategy based on seeker information from commands of angle of attack and sideslip angle to Euler-angle commands is valid.

  5. A New Strategy of Guidance Command Generation for Re-entry Vehicle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xie Daocheng


    Full Text Available Guidance command for re-entry vehicle can be in lots of formats, but the Euler angles can be provided directly by gyros, so designers used to develop autopilot with commands of Euler angles. After the generation of commands of attack angle and sideslip angle, it’s important to settle how to convert commands of attack angle and sideslip angle to commands of Euler angles. Traditional conversion strategy relies on bank angle, solution to bank angle comprises complicated calculation and can’t be precise. This paper introduces a new conversion strategy of guidance command. This strategy relies on the relative position and velocity measured by seeker, an auxiliary coordinateis established as a transition, the transformation matrix from launch coordinate to body coordinate is solved in a new way, then the commands of Euler angles are obtained. The calculation of bank angle is avoided. The autopilot designed with the converted Euler-angle commands, can track commands of attack angle and sideslip angle steadily.The vehicle reaches the target point precisely. Simulation results show that the new conversion strategy based on seeker information from commands of attack angle and sideslip angle to Euler-angle commands is right.Defence Science Journal, 2013, 63(1, pp.93-100, DOI:

  6. Service-Oriented Architecture for Weaponry and Battle Command and Control Systems in Warfighting

    CERN Document Server

    Bassil, Youssef


    Military is one of many industries that is more computer-dependent than ever before, from soldiers with computerized weapons, and tactical wireless devices, to commanders with advanced battle management, command and control systems. Fundamentally, command and control is the process of planning, monitoring, and commanding military personnel, weaponry equipment, and combating vehicles to execute military missions. In fact, command and control systems are revolutionizing as war fighting is changing into cyber, technology, information, and unmanned warfare. As a result, a new design model that supports scalability, reusability, maintainability, survivability, and interoperability is needed to allow commanders, hundreds of miles away from the battlefield, to plan, monitor, evaluate, and control the war events in a dynamic, robust, agile, and reliable manner. This paper proposes a service-oriented architecture for weaponry and battle command and control systems, made out of loosely-coupled and distributed web servi...

  7. Pulsar Search Results from the Arecibo Remote Command Center (United States)

    Garcia, Alejandro; Stovall, K.; Banaszak, S. A.; Becker, A.; Biwer, C. M.; Boehler, K.; Caballero, K.; Christy, B.; Cohen, S.; Crawford, F.; Cuellar, A.; Danford, A.; Dartez, L. P.; Day, D.; Flanigan, J. D.; Gonzalez, A.; Gustavson, K.; Handzo, E.; Hinojosa, J.; Jenet, F.; Kaplan, D. L.; Kayal, K.; Lommen, A. N.; Longoria, C.; Lopez, J.; Lunsford, G.; Mahany, N.; Martinez, J.; Mata, A.; Miller, A.; Murray, J.; Pankow, C.; Ramirez, I.; Reser, J.; Rojas, P.; Rohr, M.; Rolph, K.; Rose, C.; Rudnik, P.; Siemens, X.; Tellez, A.; Tillman, N.; Walker, A.; Wells, B. L.; Zermeno, A.; Consortium, GBNCC; Consortium, PALFA; Consortium, GBTDrift; Consortium, AO327


    The Arecibo Remote Command Center (ARCC) at the University of Texas at Brownsville, in collaboration with various Universities, is currently engaged in searching through ongoing radio telescope surveys for radio pulsars. ARCC is an integrated research/education program that allows students at the high school and undergraduate level to be directly involved with the research at the Arecibo and Green Bank radio telescopes. We discuss the progress of our search effort with PRESTO pulsar search pipelines. Web based tools have been developed so that high school, undergraduate, and graduate students could rank the pulsar candidates created by PRESTO pipelines. We describe these tools and present our current discoveries.

  8. Nadir Margins in TerraSAR-X Timing Commanding


    Wollstadt, Steffen; Mittermayer, Josef


    This paper presents an analysis and discussion of the Nadir return in the context of radar timing. Results obtained during the Commissioning Phase of TerraSAR-X in verification and measurement of Nadir return and timing margins are shown. Pre-launch assumptions about the Nadir margins were verified and optimized, which led to an improvement in the timing commanding, i.e. a relaxing of the timing. By means of three early acquired TerraSAR-X images which contain Nadir re...

  9. STS-112 Commander Ashby in white room before launch (United States)


    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - -- In the White Room at Launch Pad 39B, STS-112 Commander Jeffrey Ashby receives assistance with his spacesuit before boarding Space Shuttle Atlantis. Liftoff is schedued for 3:46 p.m. EDT. Along with a crew of six, Atlantis will carry the S1 Integrated Truss Structure and the Crew and Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) Cart A to the International Space Station (ISS). The CETA is the first of two human-powered carts that will ride along the ISS railway, providing mobile work platforms for future spacewalking astronauts. On the 11-day mission, three spacewalks are planned to attach the S1 truss.

  10. STS-112 Commander Ashby suits up for launch (United States)


    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- STS-112 Commander Jeffrey Ashby finishes suiting up for launch. STS-112 is the 15th assembly flight to the International Space Station, carrying the S1 Integrated Truss Structure and the Crew and Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) Cart A. The CETA is the first of two human-powered carts that will ride along the ISS railway, providing mobile work platforms for future spacewalking astronauts. On the 11-day mission, three spacewalks are planned to attach the S1 truss to the Station. Launch is scheduled for 3:46 p.m. EDT from Launch Pad 39B.

  11. Plant Habitat Telemetry / Command Interface and E-MIST (United States)

    Walker, Uriae M.


    Plant Habitat (PH) is an experiment to be taken to the International Space Station (ISS) in 2016. It is critical that ground support computers have the ability to uplink commands to control PH, and that ISS computers have the ability to downlink PH telemetry data to ground support. This necessitates communication software that can send, receive, and process, PH specific commands and telemetry. The objective of the Plant Habitat Telemetry/ Command Interface is to provide this communication software, and to couple it with an intuitive Graphical User Interface (GUI). Initial investigation of the project objective led to the decision that code be written in C++ because of its compatibility with existing source code infrastructures and robustness. Further investigation led to a determination that multiple Ethernet packet structures would need to be created to effectively transmit data. Setting a standard for packet structures would allow us to distinguish these packets that would range from command type packets to sub categories of telemetry packets. In order to handle this range of packet types, the conclusion was made to take an object-oriented programming approach which complemented our decision to use the C++ programming language. In addition, extensive utilization of port programming concepts was required to implement the core functionality of the communication software. Also, a concrete understanding of a packet processing software was required in order to put aU the components of ISS-to-Ground Support Equipment (GSE) communication together and complete the objective. A second project discussed in this paper is Exposing Microbes to the Stratosphere (EMIST). This project exposes microbes into the stratosphere to observe how they are impacted by atmospheric effects. This paper focuses on the electrical and software expectations of the project, specifically drafting the printed circuit board, and programming the on-board sensors. The Eagle Computer-Aided Drafting

  12. STS-110 Commander Bloomfield during TCDT in Atlantis (United States)


    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- STS-110 Commander Michael Bloomfield settles into his seat in Space Shuttle Atlantis as he prepares for a simulated launch countdown. The simulation is part of Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test activities. TCDT also includes emergency egress training and is held at KSC prior to each Space Shuttle flight. Scheduled for launch April 4, the 11-day mission will feature Shuttle Atlantis docking with the International Space Station (ISS) and delivering the S0 truss, the centerpiece-segment of the primary truss structure that will eventually extend over 300 feet.

  13. STS-110 Pilot Frick and Commander Bloomfield in slidewire basket (United States)


    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- STS-110 Pilot Stephen N. Frick and Commander Michael J. Bloomfield climb into the slidewire basket, part of emergency egress equipment on the launch pad.. The crew is taking part in Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test activities, which also include a simulated launch countdown, held at KSC prior to each Space Shuttle flight. Scheduled for launch April 4, the 11-day mission will feature Shuttle Atlantis docking with the International Space Station (ISS) and delivering the S0 truss, the centerpiece-segment of the primary truss structure that will eventually extend over 300 feet.

  14. Pilot Bloomfield and Commander Jett talk with Dan Goldin (United States)


    Shortly after the landing of Endeavour, NASA Administrator Daniel Goldin (center) talks with STS-97 Pilot Michael Bloomfield (left) and Commander Brent Jett (right) underneath the orbiter. Landing occurred at 6:04 p.m. EST. On the 4.4-million-mile mission, Endeavour carried the P6 Integrated Truss Structure with solar arrays to power the International Space Station. The arrays and other equipment were installed during three EVAs that totaled 19 hours, 20 minutes. Endeavour was docked with the Space Station for 6 days, 23 hours, 13 minutes. This is the 16th nighttime landing for a Space Shuttle and the 53rd at Kennedy Space Center.

  15. STS-110 Pilot Frick and Commander Bloomfield during TCDT (United States)


    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- As part of emergency egress training, STS-110 Pilot Stephen N. Frick and Commander Michael J. Bloomfield head for the slidewire basket on the Fixed Service Structure. The crew is taking part in Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test activities, which also include a simulated launch countdown, held at KSC prior to each Space Shuttle flight. Scheduled for launch April 4, the 11-day mission will feature Shuttle Atlantis docking with the International Space Station (ISS) and delivering the S0 truss, the centerpiece-segment of the primary truss structure that will eventually extend over 300 feet.

  16. Operational Planning Tools for U.S. Navy Maritime Commanders


    Gerald G. Brown; Carlyle, Matthew W.; Kelton, David; Kline, Jeffrey; Salmeron, Javier


    Brown, G., Carlyle, W.M., Kelton, D., Kline, J. and Salmerón, J., 2009, “Operational Planning Tools for U.S. Navy Maritime Commanders,” in refereed conference proceedings of International Conference on Harbor, Maritime and Multimodal Logistics Modeling and Simulation, Bruzzone, A., Cunha, G. Martínez, R. and Merkuryev, Y., eds., Universidad de La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain. ISBN 978-84-692-5416-5. This work presents recent research to develop a series of optimization- and simulation-based dec...

  17. The Role of a Commander in Military Lessons Learned Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zenon Waliński


    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to investigate the role of a commander in military Lessons Learned systems. In order to achieve the aim, the paper presents (1 the architecture of the Lessons Learned capabilities in the U.S. Army, NATO and the Polish Armed Forces, (2 the commander’s role in the Lessons Learned process (3 the commander’s role in fostering Lessons Learned organisation culture. The paper is based on multiple case study analysis including Lessons Learned systems in NATO, the U.S. Army and the Polish Armed Forces.

  18. U.S. Northern Command Counterterrorism Response Force Requirement (United States)


    U.S. Government Printing Office, 26 April 1998), accessed 9 January 2016, Portals /59/MCWP%203- 35.3.pdf, 1-1. 4 man...Command, Peterson Air Force Base, CO, 31 December 2012, accessed 29 December 2015, Portals /28/ Documents/Supporting%20documents...President, Homeland Security Presidential Directive-5, 1. 42 Jerome H. Kahan, “What’s in a Name? The Meaning of Homeland Security,” Journal of

  19. Research of recognizing intelligence based on commanding decision-making

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Jingxue; Fei Qi


    In commanding decision-making, the commander usually needs to know a lot of situations(intelligence) on the adversary. Because of the military intelligence with opposability, it is inevitable that intelligence personnel take some deceptive information released by the rival as intelligence data in the process of intelligence gathering. Since the failure of intelligence is likely to lead to a serious aftereffect, the recognition of intelligence is a very important problem. An elementary research on recognizing military intelligence and puts forward a systematic processing method are made. First, the types and characteristics of military intelligence are briefly discussed, a research thought of recognizing military intelligence by means of recognizing military hypotheses are presented. Next, the reasoning mode and framework for recognizing military hypotheses are presented from the angle of psychology of intelligence analysis and non-monotonic reasoning. Then, a model for recognizing military hypothesis is built on the basis of fuzzy judgement information given by intelligence analysts. A calculative example shows that the model has the characteristics of simple calculation and good maneuverability. Last, the methods that selecting the most likely hypothesis from the survival hypotheses via final recognition are discussed.

  20. Data Analysis & Statistical Methods for Command File Errors (United States)

    Meshkat, Leila; Waggoner, Bruce; Bryant, Larry


    This paper explains current work on modeling for managing the risk of command file errors. It is focused on analyzing actual data from a JPL spaceflight mission to build models for evaluating and predicting error rates as a function of several key variables. We constructed a rich dataset by considering the number of errors, the number of files radiated, including the number commands and blocks in each file, as well as subjective estimates of workload and operational novelty. We have assessed these data using different curve fitting and distribution fitting techniques, such as multiple regression analysis, and maximum likelihood estimation to see how much of the variability in the error rates can be explained with these. We have also used goodness of fit testing strategies and principal component analysis to further assess our data. Finally, we constructed a model of expected error rates based on the what these statistics bore out as critical drivers to the error rate. This model allows project management to evaluate the error rate against a theoretically expected rate as well as anticipate future error rates.

  1. Commande vectorielle d'un moteur asynchrone sans capteur (United States)

    Ourth, T.


    A field-oriented control strategy for induction machines which does not use mechanical sensors is presented. The rotor flux is observed by a reduced-order Luenberger-type observer based on a model using a stator-fixed reference frame. An estimate of the rotation speed is derived from the flux vector, the measured stator currents and the field orientation angle. Simulations demonstrate that this control strategy performs well even in the presence of parameter variations up to ± 50% (resistances). Ce papier présente la commande par flux orienté d'une machine asynchrone sans capteur de vitesse ou de position. Le flux rotorique est évalué grâce à un observateur d'ordre réduit d'un type voisin de Luenberger travaillant dans un repère fixe statorique. L'estimation de la vitesse est obtenue à partir du module du flux rotorique, des courants statoriques mesurés et de l'angle d'orientation du flux rotorique. Cette étude basée sur des simulations démontre un comportement acceptable de la commande malgré la variation des paramètres comme les résistances de la machine.

  2. Demand for command: responding to technological risks and scientific uncertainties. (United States)

    Stokes, Elen


    This article seeks to add to current theories of new governance by highlighting the predicament facing regulators and regulatees when dealing with new technologies. Using nanotechnologies as a study, it shows that new modes of governance (as opposed to traditional coercive, or command and control regulation) offer promising solutions to highly complex, uncertain, and contested problems of risk, such as those associated with new technologies. In this regard, nanotechnologies provide a useful test bed for the ambitions of newer, better modes of governance because there are not yet any fixed ideas about the appropriate course of action. The article suggests, however, that examples of new governance are less prominent than perhaps expected. Drawing on empirical data, it argues that, when faced with considerable epistemological, political, economic, and ethical uncertainties, regulatory stakeholders often exhibit a preference for more conventional command methods of regulation. That is not to say that new governance is entirely absent from regulatory policies on nanotechnologies, but that new governance is emerging in perhaps more subtle ways than the scholarly and policy literature predicted.

  3. Non-intrusive human fatigue monitoring in command centers (United States)

    Alsamman, A.; Ratecki, T.


    An inexpensive, non-intrusive, vision-based, active fatigue monitoring system is presented. The system employs a single consumer webcam that is modified to operate in the near-IR range. An active IR LED system is developed to facilitate the quick localization of the eye pupils. Imaging software tracks the eye features by analyzing intensity areas and their changes in the vicinity of localization. To quantify the level of fatigue the algorithm measures the opening of the eyelid, PERCLOS. The software developed runs on the workstation and is designed to draw limited computational power, so as to not interfere with the user task. To overcome low-frame rate and improve real-time monitoring, a two-phase detection and tacking algorithm is implemented. The results presented show that the system successfully monitors the level of fatigue at a low rate of 8 fps. The system is well suited to monitor users in command centers, flight control centers, airport traffic dispatchers, military operation and command centers, etc., but the work can be extended to wearable devices and other environments.

  4. Your wish is my command programming by example

    CERN Document Server


    As user interface designers, software developers, and yes-as users, we all know the frustration that comes with using "one size fits all" software from off the shelf. Repeating the same commands over and over again, putting up with an unfriendly graphical interface, being unable to program a new application that you thought of yourself-these are all common complaints. The inflexibility of today''s computer interfaces makes many people feel like they are slaves to their computers. Shouldn''t it be the other way around? Why can''t technology give us more "custom-fitting" software? On the horizon is a new technology that promises to give ordinary users the power to create and modify their own programs. Programming by example (PBE) is a technique in which a software agent records a user''s behavior in an interactive graphical interface, then automatically writes a program that will perform that behavior for the user. Your Wish is My Command: Programming by Example takes a broad look at this new technology. In the...

  5. Electronic Control System Of Home Appliances Using Speech Command Words

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aye Min Soe


    Full Text Available Abstract The main idea of this paper is to develop a speech recognition system. By using this system smart home appliances are controlled by spoken words. The spoken words chosen for recognition are Fan On Fan Off Light On Light Off TV On and TV Off. The input of the system takes speech signals to control home appliances. The proposed system has two main parts speech recognition and smart home appliances electronic control system. Speech recognition is implemented in MATLAB environment. In this process it contains two main modules feature extraction and feature matching. Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficients MFCC is used for feature extraction. Vector Quantization VQ approach using clustering algorithm is applied for feature matching. In electrical home appliances control system RF module is used to carry command signal from PC to microcontroller wirelessly. Microcontroller is connected to driver circuit for relay and motor. The input commands are recognized very well. The system is a good performance to control home appliances by spoken words.

  6. Main: Sequences [KOME

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Sequences Nucleotide Sequence Nucleotide sequence of full length cDNA (trimmed sequence) kome_ine_full_sequence_db ...

  7. General Nobile and the Airship Italia: No Second-In-Command (United States)

    Bendrick, Gregg A.


    The airship Italia, commanded by General Umberto Nobile, crashed during its return flight from the North Pole in 1928. Prior work has demonstrated the possibility that this crash was fatigue-related, due to significant sleep-deprivation on the part of its Commander, and to resulting errors in cognition and judgment. However, the underlying cause of the fatigue was likely due to the fact that the Commander did not have a Second-In-Command on board to take over duties while the Commander was allowed to rest. At that time the Second-In-Command was a formally designated position, and according to Nobiles previous writings was considered to be a necessary crew member on an airship.

  8. Mission Command or Mission Failure?: Evaluation Decentralized Execution in Contemporary Stability Operations (United States)


    operations in OEF/OIF are attributable not to underlying weaknesses in mission command as a theoretical construct, or its lack of suitability for...posited that acknowledged shortcomings in the success of stability operations in OEF/OIF are attributable not to underlying weaknesses in mission command...230. 7 Jeffrey Buchman, Maxie Y. Davis, and Lee T. Wright. “Death of the Combatant Command? Toward a Joint Interagency Approach.” Joint Force

  9. Master Chief Petty Officer of the Command Program: An Organizational Effectiveness Second Look. (United States)


    groups together into a given subunit, all of the activities, skiils , expertise, and assets required to produce and/or market scme organizational product...Commanding Officer (and Executive Officer to a lesser degree) exhibits representative power when he speaks for his ship. If an Admiral comes on toard...and the Commanding Officer says, "We are happy to have you here," the crew will support the notion that the Commanding Officer is speaking for all

  10. Modeling and simulating command and control for organizations under extreme situations

    CERN Document Server

    Moon, Il-Chul; Kim, Tag Gon


    Commanding and controlling organizations in extreme situations is a challenging task in military, intelligence, and disaster management. Such command and control must be quick, effective, and considerate when dealing with the changing, complex, and risky conditions of the situation. To enable optimal command and control under extremes, robust structures and efficient operations are required of organizations. This work discusses how to design and conduct virtual experiments on resilient organizational structures and operational practices using modeling and simulation. The work illustrates key a

  11. A 6-Month Assessment of Sleep During Naval Deployment: A Case Study of a Commanding Officer (United States)


    waking time and was less than 90% predicted eff ectiveness for 99% of the time. Th ese results are shown in Fig. 3 , the actual FAST graph...demands of command with his/her own need for rest and relaxation. Unfortunately, commanders may forego self-care, thinking that they are sacrifi...and the Fatigue Avoidance Scheduling Tool ( FAST ) to quantify the sleep patterns of a 39-yr-old Commanding Offi cer (CO) of an Arleigh Burke class

  12. Ubuntu Linux Toolbox 1000 + Commands for Ubuntu and Debian Power Users

    CERN Document Server

    Negus, Christopher


    In this handy, compact guide, you'll explore a ton of powerful Ubuntu Linux commands while you learn to use Ubuntu Linux as the experts do: from the command line. Try out more than 1,000 commands to find and get software, monitor system health and security, and access network resources. Then, apply the skills you learn from this book to use and administer desktops and servers running Ubuntu, Debian, and KNOPPIX or any other Linux distribution.

  13. An Analysis of Retaining or Replacing Air Force Command and Control Aircraft (United States)


    control aircraft perform, as well as the importance of maintaining the capability. Current command and control aircraft , as well as potential aircraft that...can replace the existing command and control aircraft , were researched to determine the cost and performance specifications. The current and...completed product identifies if the Air Force should retain or replace command and control aircraft . Additional areas for further research were listed

  14. XML-based Web Services Technology to Implement a Prototype Command and Control System


    Ching-Show Lin; Chia-Hao Liang


    A command and control system is a complex system of systems. For its ability to improvethe command and control efficiency and multiply operational capability, command and controlsystem investment is always a benchmark for military modernisation. However, most commandand control systems were independently developed, validated and approved as a stand-alonesolution to reflect service requirement rather than joint focused. These stovepipe systems notonly have an adverse impact on joint or coaliti...

  15. The Evolution of U.S. Strategic Command and Control and Warning, 1945-1972, (United States)


    234. 5(U) Arthur K. Marmor , USAF Command and Control Problems, 1958- 1961 (U) (Historical Division Liaison Office, US Air Force, January 1963...of Defense to the President, 23 May 1950, TOP SECRET. 9(U) Arthur K. Marmor , USAF Command and Control Problems, 1958-1961 (U) (Historical...Liaison Office, US Air Force, June 1961), p. 6, SECRET. 8(U) Arthur K. Marmor , USAF Command and Control Problems, 1958-1961 (U) (Historical

  16. 78 FR 17185 - U.S. Air Force Space Command Notice of Test (United States)


    ... Department of the Air Force U.S. Air Force Space Command Notice of Test AGENCY: U.S. Air Force Space Command... inform users of an upcoming event related to the GPS satellite constellation. U.S. Air Force Space... process L2C or L5 CNAV. U.S. Air Force Space Command ] expects to conduct one to two CNAV tests per...

  17. Leading in the Gray Zone: Command and Control of Special Operations in Phases 0-1 (United States)


    5a. CONTRACT NUMBER Leading in the Gray Zone: Command and Control of Special Operations in Phases 0-1 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM...NAVAL WAR COLLEGE Newport, R.I. Leading in the Gray Zone: Command and Control of Special Operations in Phases 0-1 by Joshua O...18 iii Paper Abstract Leading in the Gray Zone: Command and Control of Special

  18. The Evolution Of Dual Status Command Authorities: A New Construct For Implementation (United States)


    of command during multistate domestic emergencies . The desire for local, state and federal authorities to retain control of their assigned forces...command. A new authority, it combines the state and federal chains of command of military forces during domestic emergencies . Failure to rectify the...citizens of the United States who are members of the National Guard.”14 The view of many governors is the National Guard is a constitutionally

  19. FAST: FAST Analysis of Sequences Toolbox. (United States)

    Lawrence, Travis J; Kauffman, Kyle T; Amrine, Katherine C H; Carper, Dana L; Lee, Raymond S; Becich, Peter J; Canales, Claudia J; Ardell, David H


    FAST (FAST Analysis of Sequences Toolbox) provides simple, powerful open source command-line tools to filter, transform, annotate and analyze biological sequence data. Modeled after the GNU (GNU's Not Unix) Textutils such as grep, cut, and tr, FAST tools such as fasgrep, fascut, and fastr make it easy to rapidly prototype expressive bioinformatic workflows in a compact and generic command vocabulary. Compact combinatorial encoding of data workflows with FAST commands can simplify the documentation and reproducibility of bioinformatic protocols, supporting better transparency in biological data science. Interface self-consistency and conformity with conventions of GNU, Matlab, Perl, BioPerl, R, and GenBank help make FAST easy and rewarding to learn. FAST automates numerical, taxonomic, and text-based sorting, selection and transformation of sequence records and alignment sites based on content, index ranges, descriptive tags, annotated features, and in-line calculated analytics, including composition and codon usage. Automated content- and feature-based extraction of sites and support for molecular population genetic statistics make FAST useful for molecular evolutionary analysis. FAST is portable, easy to install and secure thanks to the relative maturity of its Perl and BioPerl foundations, with stable releases posted to CPAN. Development as well as a publicly accessible Cookbook and Wiki are available on the FAST GitHub repository at The default data exchange format in FAST is Multi-FastA (specifically, a restriction of BioPerl FastA format). Sanger and Illumina 1.8+ FastQ formatted files are also supported. FAST makes it easier for non-programmer biologists to interactively investigate and control biological data at the speed of thought.

  20. FAST: FAST Analysis of Sequences Toolbox

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Travis J. Lawrence


    Full Text Available FAST (FAST Analysis of Sequences Toolbox provides simple, powerful open source command-line tools to filter, transform, annotate and analyze biological sequence data. Modeled after the GNU (GNU’s Not Unix Textutils such as grep, cut, and tr, FAST tools such as fasgrep, fascut, and fastr make it easy to rapidly prototype expressive bioinformatic workflows in a compact and generic command vocabulary. Compact combinatorial encoding of data workflows with FAST commands can simplify the documentation and reproducibility of bioinformatic protocols, supporting better transparency in biological data science. Interface self-consistency and conformity with conventions of GNU, Matlab, Perl, BioPerl, R and GenBank help make FAST easy and rewarding to learn. FAST automates numerical, taxonomic, and text-based sorting, selection and transformation of sequence records and alignment sites based on content, index ranges, descriptive tags, annotated features, and in-line calculated analytics, including composition and codon usage. Automated content- and feature-based extraction of sites and support for molecular population genetic statistics makes FAST useful for molecular evolutionary analysis. FAST is portable, easy to install and secure thanks to the relative maturity of its Perl and BioPerl foundations, with stable releases posted to CPAN. Development as well as a publicly accessible Cookbook and Wiki are available on the FAST GitHub repository at The default data exchange format in FAST is Multi-FastA (specifically, a restriction of BioPerl FastA format. Sanger and Illumina 1.8+ FastQ formatted files are also supported. FAST makes it easier for non-programmer biologists to interactively investigate and control biological data at the speed of thought.

  1. ASTP crewmen in Apollo Command Module Trainer during training session at JSC (United States)


    The three members of the American ASTP prime crew are photographed inside the Apollo Command Module (CM) trainer in a water tank in bldg 260 during water egress training at JSC. They are, left to right, Astronauts Thomas P. Stafford, commander; Vance D. Brand, command module pilot; and Donald K. Slayton, docking module pilot (23430); Slayton attaches his life preserver as he egresses an Apollo Command Module trainer in a water tank in bldg 260 during water egresss training at JSC. Astronauts Brand (on left) and Stafford have already egressed the trainer and are seated in a three-man life raft.

  2. Leader Behavior in a Police Command Bureaucracy: A Closer Look at the Quasi-Military Model. (United States)

    Jermier, John M.; Berkes, Leslie J.


    Relationships among instrumental, supportive, and participative leader behaviors, task variability and task interdependence, and job satisfaction and organizational commitment were examined in a police command bureaucracy. (Author)

  3. The Mac'OS X command line Unix under the hood

    CERN Document Server

    McElhearn, Kirk


    The Mac command line offers a faster, easier way to accomplish many tasks. It''s also the medium for many commands that aren''t accessible using the GUI. The Mac OS X Command Line is a clear, concise, tutorial-style introduction to all the major functionality provided by the command line. It''s also packed with information the experienced users need, including little-known shortcuts and several chapters devoted to advanced topics. This is a book to get you started, but also a book you won't soon outgrow.

  4. Robust Position Command Shaping against Plant Perturbations under Constraint of State Variables (United States)

    Yamamoto, Masafumi; Iwasaki, Makoto; Mitsuhashi, Susumu; Ito, Kazuaki; Matsui, Nobuyuki

    This paper presents a novel position command shaping approach for mechanical vibration suppression in mechatronic systems. Although conventional command shaping approaches can suppress the specified mechanical vibrations, mechanical and/or electrical perturbations in a plant may deteriorate the motion performance because the commands are generally shaped in a feedforward control manner. In this research, a linear matrix inequality (LMI) design framework is applied to eliminate the deterioration in positioning, where the robust command shaping against the plant perturbations can be directly achieved under the constraint of state variables in a system. The effectiveness of the proposed shaping has been verified by numerical simulations and experiments using a prototype.

  5. Spaceport Command and Control System Automated Verification Software Development (United States)

    Backus, Michael W.


    For as long as we have walked the Earth, humans have always been explorers. We have visited our nearest celestial body and sent Voyager 1 beyond our solar system1 out into interstellar space. Now it is finally time for us to step beyond our home and onto another planet. The Spaceport Command and Control System (SCCS) is being developed along with the Space Launch System (SLS) to take us on a journey further than ever attempted. Within SCCS are separate subsystems and system level software, each of which have to be tested and verified. Testing is a long and tedious process, so automating it will be much more efficient and also helps to remove the possibility of human error from mission operations. I was part of a team of interns and full-time engineers who automated tests for the requirements on SCCS, and with that was able to help verify that the software systems are performing as expected.

  6. Collaborative planning and situation awareness in Army command and control. (United States)

    Riley, Jennifer M; Endsley, Mica R; Bolstad, Cheryl A; Cuevas, Haydee M

    We conducted a theoretical investigation of a complex command and control (C2) operation--the manoeuvres planning processes in Army land-battle situations, to improve understanding of how technology can best be designed to support planning and course of action development. We drew upon results from cognitive task analyses and interviews with subject matter experts and insights gleaned from observations of Army training exercises and experiments to make inferences on the C2 activities carried out in preparation for tactical manoeuvres. In this paper, we summarize several critical human factors issues associated with planning in a rapidly evolving environment, as identified in our investigation, and describe system design concepts aimed at addressing these challenges to distributed collaborative planning of C2 activities. We conclude with implications for the application of these findings to other C2 domains.

  7. A neural command circuit for grooming movement control. (United States)

    Hampel, Stefanie; Franconville, Romain; Simpson, Julie H; Seeds, Andrew M


    Animals perform many stereotyped movements, but how nervous systems are organized for controlling specific movements remains unclear. Here we use anatomical, optogenetic, behavioral, and physiological techniques to identify a circuit in Drosophila melanogaster that can elicit stereotyped leg movements that groom the antennae. Mechanosensory chordotonal neurons detect displacements of the antennae and excite three different classes of functionally connected interneurons, which include two classes of brain interneurons and different parallel descending neurons. This multilayered circuit is organized such that neurons within each layer are sufficient to specifically elicit antennal grooming. However, we find differences in the durations of antennal grooming elicited by neurons in the different layers, suggesting that the circuit is organized to both command antennal grooming and control its duration. As similar features underlie stimulus-induced movements in other animals, we infer the possibility of a common circuit organization for movement control that can be dissected in Drosophila.

  8. Apollo 11 Commander Armstrong Presents President With Commemorative Plaque (United States)


    On June 4, 1974, 5 years after the successful Apollo 11 lunar landing mission, commander Neil Armstrong (right) presented a plaque to U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon (left) on behalf of all people who had taken part in the space program. In making the presentation, Armstrong said 'Mr. President, you have proclaimed this week to be United States Space week in conjunction with the fifth anniversary of our first successful landing on the Moon. It is my privilege to represent my colleagues, the crewmen of projects Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, and Skylab, and the men and women of NASA, and the hundreds of thousands of Americans from across the land who contributed so mightily to the success of our efforts in space in presenting this plaque which bears the names of each individual who has had the privilege of representing this country' in a space flight. The presentation was made at the California white house in San Clemente.

  9. Acquisition and control command system for power pulsed detectors

    CERN Document Server

    Cornat, R; Magniette, F


    A DAQ system is developed within the SiW-Ecal ILC collaboration. It provides a flexible and scalable architecture, compound of four parts. A detector interface (DIF) extracting data from front-end electronics and sending them as packets. Two levels of data concentration, control clock and fast command fanout. The two cards, named DCC and GDCC, use respectively FastEthernet and GigaEthernet. A software suite (named Calicoes) allows to control the DAQ and the detector chips and to acquire data from GigaEthernet. It also includes programs for decoding frontend readout to various formats, and also dispatching and aggregating data. Overall architecture, performance in test beam and prospects for use with hundreds of thousands channels are discussed.

  10. Pulsar Search Results from the Arecibo Remote Command Center (United States)

    Rodriguez, Miguel; Stovall, Kevin; Banaszak, Shawn A.; Becker, Alison; Biwer, Christopher M.; Boehler, Keith; Caballero, Keeisi; Christy, Brian; Cohen, Stephanie; Crawford, Fronefield; Cuellar, Andres; Danford, Andrew; Percy Dartez, Louis; Day, David; Flanigan, Joseph D.; Fonrouge, Aldo; Gonzalez, Adolfo; Gustavson, Kathy; Handzo, Emma; Hinojosa, Jesus; Jenet, Fredrick A.; Kaplan, David L. A.; Lommen, Andrea N.; Longoria, Chasity; Lopez, Janine; Lunsford, Grady; Mahany, Nicolas; Martinez, Jose; Mata, Alberto; Miller, Andy; Murray, James; Pankow, Chris; Ramirez, Ivan; Reser, Jackie; Rojas, Pablo; Rohr, Matthew; Rolph, Kristina; Rose, Caitlin; Rudnik, Philip; Siemens, Xavier; Tellez, Andrea; Tillman, Nicholas; Walker, Arielle; Wells, Bradley L.; Zaldivar, Jonathan; Zermeno, Adrienne; Gbncc Consortium, Palfa Consortium, Gbtdrift Consortium, Ao327 Consortium


    This poster presents the pulsar discoveries made by students in the Arecibo Remote Command Center (ARCC) program. The ARCC program was started at the University of Texas - Brownsville (UTB) within the Center for Advanced Radio Astronomy (CARA) as a group of scientists, faculty, graduate, undergraduate, and high school students interested in astrophysics. It has since expanded to form other ARCC programs at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM) and Franklin and Marshall College (F&M). The students in the ARCC group control the world's largest radio telescopes to search and discover pulsars. Pulsars are exotic neutron stars that emit beams of electromagnetic radiation. ARCC students use a web application to view and rate the images of radio pulsar candidates based on their signal characteristics. To date, ARCC students have searched through thousands of candidates and have discovered 61 pulsars to date.

  11. Adaptive optimization of agile organization of command and control resource

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Chunhui; Liu Junxian; Chen Honghui; Luo Xueshan


    Adaptive optimization is one of the means that agile organization of command and control resource (AOC2R) adapts for the dynamic battlefield environment. A math model of the adaptive optimization of AOC2R is put forward by analyzing the interrelating concept and research. The model takes the adaptive process as a multi-stage decision making problem. The 2-phases method is presented to calculate the model, which obtains the related parameters by running the colored Petri net (CPN) model of AOC2R and then searches for the result by ant colony optimization (ACO) algorithm integrated with genetic optimization techniques. The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm greatly improves the performance of AOC2R.

  12. Spaceport Command and Control System - Support Software Development (United States)

    Tremblay, Shayne


    The Information Architecture Support (IAS) Team, the component of the Spaceport Command and Control System (SCCS) that is in charge of all the pre-runtime data, was in need of some report features to be added to their internal web application, Information Architecture (IA). Development of these reports is crucial for the speed and productivity of the development team, as they are needed to quickly and efficiently make specific and complicated data requests against the massive IA database. These reports were being put on the back burner, as other development of IA was prioritized over them, but the need for them resulted in internships being created to fill this need. The creation of these reports required learning Ruby on Rails development, along with related web technologies, and they will continue to serve IAS and other support software teams and their IA data needs.

  13. Command Center Training Tool (C2T2) (United States)

    Jones, Phillip; Drucker, Nich; Mathews, Reejo; Stanton, Laura; Merkle, Ed


    This abstract presents the training approach taken to create a management-centered, experiential learning solution for the Virginia Port Authority's Port Command Center. The resultant tool, called the Command Center Training Tool (C2T2), follows a holistic approach integrated across the training management cycle and within a single environment. The approach allows a single training manager to progress from training design through execution and AAR. The approach starts with modeling the training organization, identifying the organizational elements and their individual and collective performance requirements, including organizational-specific performance scoring ontologies. Next, the developer specifies conditions, the problems, and constructs that compose exercises and drive experiential learning. These conditions are defined by incidents, which denote a single, multi-media datum, and scenarios, which are stories told by incidents. To these layered, modular components, previously developed meta-data is attached, including associated performance requirements. The components are then stored in a searchable library An event developer can create a training event by searching the library based on metadata and then selecting and loading the resultant modular pieces. This loading process brings into the training event all the previously associated task and teamwork material as well as AAR preparation materials. The approach includes tools within an integrated management environment that places these materials at the fingertips of the event facilitator such that, in real time, the facilitator can track training audience performance and resultantly modify the training event. The approach also supports the concentrated knowledge management requirements for rapid preparation of an extensive AAR. This approach supports the integrated training cycle and allows a management-based perspective and advanced tools, through which a complex, thorough training event can be developed.

  14. Acute effects of specific actions after the “on your marks” command

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available Improved temporal sequencing of high – intensity muscle contractions prior to the sprint start may maximize motoneuron excitability and may enhance fast twitch fiber recruitment and sprint start effectiveness. The aim of the study was to assess a the electromyographic activity of the gastrocnemius lateralis, biceps femoris and vastus femoris muscles under exposure to specific voluntary, dynamic actions (quick skipping or tuck jumps that sometimes sprinters perform after the “on your marks” command and to an external involuntary stimulus (WBV-whole body vibration and b the effectiveness of the above stimuli applied on the activation level of lower limb muscles in order to produce neuromuscular activation the very last moment just behind the blocks, as this is measured by the RT and time in 1.5m and 3m after the sprint start.Ten male sprinters executed sprint starts under 4 experimental conditions after the “on your marks command”: 1st condition – without performing any action, 2nd performing tuck jumps, 3rd performing quick skipping and 4th after being exposed to vibration stimuli. No significant difference in average muscle activity was observed after evaluation of the EMG raw data for the tuck jumps and quick skipping actions. No significant differences were, also, observed for RT and time in 1.5m and 3m in conditions 2 to 4.

  15. 78 FR 70077 - Issuance of Materials License for U.S. Army Installation Management Command (United States)


    ... COMMISSION Issuance of Materials License for U.S. Army Installation Management Command AGENCY: Nuclear... INFORMATION CONTACT: Dominick Orlando, Office of Federal and State Materials and Environmental Management... application is included in the SER. The U.S. Army, Installation Management Command's request for a materials...

  16. Bringing Benefits and Warding off Blights in Due Commandment (Analytic Study Compared with the Jordanian Law) (United States)

    Al Etoum, Niebal Mohd Ibrahim; Mowafi, Hanan Sami Mohammad; Al Zubaidi, Faraj Hamad Salem


    The study aims to highlight the benefits and blights of the due commandment (intestate law) under Jordanian law for the year (2010) in the article (279). The study came in two sections, the first one dealt with the concept of due commandment, its legitimacy, verdict and terms; in the second section, I've dealt with the persons entitled to due…

  17. 14 CFR 121.445 - Pilot in command airport qualification: Special areas and airports. (United States)


    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Pilot in command airport qualification: Special areas and airports. 121.445 Section 121.445 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... Qualifications § 121.445 Pilot in command airport qualification: Special areas and airports. (a)...

  18. STS-56 Commander Cameron with camera stowage bag on OV-103's flight deck (United States)


    STS-56 Commander Kenneth Cameron, with a penlight flashlight velcroed to his headband, prepares to open a camera stowage bag on the forward flight deck of Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103. Behind him are the forward flight deck windows, forward control panels, and the commanders and pilots seatbacks.

  19. 32 CFR Appendix E to Part 247 - DoD Command Newspaper and Magazine Review System (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false DoD Command Newspaper and Magazine Review System... OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE NEWSPAPERS, MAGAZINES AND CIVILIAN ENTERPRISE PUBLICATIONS Pt. 247, App. E Appendix E to Part 247—DoD Command Newspaper and Magazine Review...

  20. How Should the Joint Force Handle the Command and Control of Unmanned Aircraft Systems? (United States)


    that precipitated the centralization of the command and control of airpower in the United States military. This section begins with the first American...Officers Commanding, they were responsible for North-West Africa, the Middle East, and Malta . At this point in the war, the North-West African region

  1. CCL: console command language, RSX11M V4. 0, V7. OC tutorial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Downward, J. G.


    The normal user interface to an RSX11M operating system is via MCR (Monitor Console Routine). If terminal input is not specifically requested by a task, all data or commands typed in at a user's terminal, are sent by the terminal driver to MCR for decoding. The MCR task (and its child ...SYS) decode user commands (ACT, ABORT,RUN, DEV, ETC.). Tasks installed with special names of the form ...XYZ are treated as an external MCR command. Hence if a user types, XYZ COMMANDLINE, the commandline in its entirety (or at least up to 79 characters) is sent as input to the task ...XYZ. This is the conventional way of supplying most system commands and controlling the operation of the RSX11M utility program. The limitations of this method are: (1) each task must be installed to get MCR command lines; (2) each installed task uses valuable POOL space; (3) only privileged users can INSTALL and REMOVE tasks; and (4) non-privileged users are restricted to RUNning non-installed tasks. To solve this problem, a user tailorable Console Command Language (CCL) has been implemented which allows each user to have a private task control language to pass command lines to tasks that are not installed in th system as external MCR commands.

  2. Future command and control systems should combine decision support and personalization interface features

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Streefkerk, J.W.; Smets, N.; Varkevisser, M.; Hiemstra-Van Mastrigt, S.


    On future battlefields, increasingly more sensor information will become available for military commanders to support mission execution. To improve (shared) situational awareness, decision-making and communication in face of this increased amount of information, the design of command and control (C2

  3. Dynamic attitude command and control of the TOPEX/Poseidon spacecraft (United States)

    Zimbelman, D. F.; Lee, B. B.; Welch, R. V.


    The dynamic control laws utilized by the TOPEX/Poseidon (T/P) spacecraft attitude determination and control subsystem to command and maneuver the satellite during normal mission mode (NMM) laws are described. Results show that the vehicle is able to respond to the dynamic attitude commands while at the same time providing ample disturbance rejection capability.

  4. Corps Command Post Architecture for the 1986-1990 Integrated Battlefield--A Vulnerability Analysis (United States)


    SECURITY CLASS. (of thle report) Unclassified I5S. DECL ASSI FIC ATION/DOWNGRADING SCHEDULE 16. DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT (of this Report) Distribution...Leavenworth, Kansas 66027 LTC Joseph A. Machado Department of Command US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 66027 LTC

  5. Command Strategies for Balancing Respect and Authority in Undergraduate Expository Essays (United States)

    Lee, Sook Hee


    The primary purpose of the paper is to examine how undergraduate writers adopt various commanding strategies of "shouldness" in their expository essays and the extent to which their adoptions relate to the success in the assessment of essay writing. The theoretical bases of the commands operating both within and across clause complexes are derived…

  6. Methods, systems and apparatus for adjusting modulation index to improve linearity of phase voltage commands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gallegos-Lopez, Gabriel; Perisic, Milun; Kinoshita, Michael H.


    Embodiments of the present invention relate to methods, systems and apparatus for controlling operation of a multi-phase machine in a motor drive system. The disclosed embodiments provide a mechanism for adjusting modulation index of voltage commands to improve linearity of the voltage commands.

  7. 75 FR 67695 - U.S. Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group Closed Meeting (United States)


    ... of the Secretary of Defense U.S. Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group Closed Meeting AGENCY.... Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group. DATES: December 9, 2010: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. December 10, 2010: 8 a... of the meeting is to provide advice on scientific, technical, intelligence, and policy-related...

  8. 76 FR 14950 - Closed Meeting of the U.S. Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group (United States)


    ... of the Secretary Closed Meeting of the U.S. Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group AGENCY... notice pertaining to the following federal advisory committee: U.S. Strategic Command Strategic Advisory... meeting is to provide advice on scientific, technical, intelligence, and policy-related issues to...

  9. "Cutting the Stovepipes: An Improved Staff Model for the Modern Unified Commander" (United States)


    failures during “Eagle Claw” (the failed Iranian hostage rescue ) and “Urgent Fury” (the invasion of Grenada). It became the lead headquarters for all...PLANS & POLICY INTEL & INFO OPS COMMAND SUPPORT COMPONENT COMMANDS & JSOC ORGANIZED FOR SUCCESS USSOCOM SOCS SOIO SOOP SORR SOAL Figure 6.9 32 USSOCOM

  10. Hybrid EEG–fNIRS-Based Eight-Command Decoding for BCI: Application to Quadcopter Control (United States)

    Khan, Muhammad Jawad; Hong, Keum-Shik


    In this paper, a hybrid electroencephalography–functional near-infrared spectroscopy (EEG–fNIRS) scheme to decode eight active brain commands from the frontal brain region for brain–computer interface is presented. A total of eight commands are decoded by fNIRS, as positioned on the prefrontal cortex, and by EEG, around the frontal, parietal, and visual cortices. Mental arithmetic, mental counting, mental rotation, and word formation tasks are decoded with fNIRS, in which the selected features for classification and command generation are the peak, minimum, and mean ΔHbO values within a 2-s moving window. In the case of EEG, two eyeblinks, three eyeblinks, and eye movement in the up/down and left/right directions are used for four-command generation. The features in this case are the number of peaks and the mean of the EEG signal during 1 s window. We tested the generated commands on a quadcopter in an open space. An average accuracy of 75.6% was achieved with fNIRS for four-command decoding and 86% with EEG for another four-command decoding. The testing results show the possibility of controlling a quadcopter online and in real-time using eight commands from the prefrontal and frontal cortices via the proposed hybrid EEG–fNIRS interface. PMID:28261084

  11. Command in Joint and Combined Operations: The Campaign for the Netherlands East Indies (United States)


    his subordinate commands to obtain unity of effort. The analysis of the NEI campaign is divided into three tim periods. Prior to Pearl Harbor, the...squadron, and the American 2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery, commanded by LTC Tharp . 14. Morison, Rising Sun, pp. 342-358 and Dupuy, p. 1144. 15

  12. A study of personality of leader and style of his co-operation in sporting command

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smolar I.I.


    Full Text Available The personality features of leader of sporting command and style of his co-operation are considered. The problems of adjusting and optimization of co-operation of leader and other players of command are selected in achievement of the set team purpose. 37 skilled sportsmen-handballers took part in research. An informal structure is exposed in commands, leaders and followers are certain. The quantitative indexes of personality features of leader, follower of sporting command are certain. Style of co-operation of leader and follower (prevailing and goodwill and quality is exposed personalities which will be realized by them in a sporting command. It is set that in interpersonality co-operation a leader will realize dominant style, and follower equal will realize dominant and benevolent styles.

  13. Modular, Autonomous Command and Data Handling Software with Built-In Simulation and Test (United States)

    Cuseo, John


    commands. ODySSy integration is unique in that it allows testing of actual mission sequences on the flight vehicle while the spacecraft is in various stages of assembly, test, and launch operations all without any external support equipment or simulators. The ODySSy component of the FSW significantly decreases the time required for integration and test by providing an automated, standardized, and modular approach to integrated avionics and component interface and functional verification. ODySSy further provides the capability for on-orbit support in the form of autonomous mission planning and fault protection.

  14. NCBI Mass Sequence Downloader-Large dataset downloading made easy (United States)

    Pina-Martins, F.; Paulo, O. S.

    Sequence databases, such as NCBI, are a very important resource in many areas of science. Downloading small amounts of sequences to local storage can easily be performed using any recent web browser, but downloading tens of thousands of sequences is not as simple. NCBI Mass Sequence Downloader is an open source program aimed at simplifying obtaining large amounts of sequence data from NCBI databases to local storage. It is written in python (can be run under both python 2 and python 3), and uses PyQt5 for the GUI. The program can be run in either graphical or command line mode. Source code is licensed under the GPLv3, and is supported on Linux, Windows and Mac OSX. Available at,

  15. The pathology of command and control: a formal synthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Cox


    Full Text Available One of the most important theories in the study of environmental governance and policy is the pathology of command and control, which describes the negative consequences of top-down, technocratic governance of social and ecological systems. However, to date, this theory has been expressed somewhat inconsistently and informally in the literature, even by the seminal works that have established its importance and popularized it. This presents a problem for the sustainability science community if it cannot be sure of the precise details of one of its most important theories. Without such precision, applications and tests of various elements of the theory cannot be conducted reliably to advance the knowledge of environmental governance. I address this problem by synthesizing several seminal works to formalize this theory. The formalization involves the identification of the individual elements of the theory and a diagrammatic description of their relationships with each other that unfold in a series of semi-independent causal paths. Ideally, with such a formalization, scholars can use this theory more reliably and more meaningfully in their future work. I conclude by discussing the implications this theory has for the governance of natural resources.

  16. IT Security Support for the Spaceport Command Control System Development (United States)

    Varise, Brian


    My job title is IT Security support for the Spaceport Command & Control System Development. As a cyber-security analyst it is my job to ensure NASA's information stays safe from cyber threats, such as, viruses, malware and denial-of-service attacks by establishing and enforcing system access controls. Security is very important in the world of technology and it is used everywhere from personal computers to giant networks ran by Government agencies worldwide. Without constant monitoring analysis, businesses, public organizations and government agencies are vulnerable to potential harmful infiltration of their computer information system. It is my responsibility to ensure authorized access by examining improper access, reporting violations, revoke access, monitor information request by new programming and recommend improvements. My department oversees the Launch Control System and networks. An audit will be conducted for the LCS based on compliance with the Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) and The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). I recently finished analyzing the SANS top 20 critical controls to give cost effective recommendations on various software and hardware products for compliance. Upon my completion of this internship, I will have successfully completed my duties as well as gain knowledge that will be helpful to my career in the future as a Cyber Security Analyst.

  17. First responder tracking and visualization for command and control toolkit (United States)

    Woodley, Robert; Petrov, Plamen; Meisinger, Roger


    In order for First Responder Command and Control personnel to visualize incidents at urban building locations, DHS sponsored a small business research program to develop a tool to visualize 3D building interiors and movement of First Responders on site. 21st Century Systems, Inc. (21CSI), has developed a toolkit called Hierarchical Grid Referenced Normalized Display (HiGRND). HiGRND utilizes three components to provide a full spectrum of visualization tools to the First Responder. First, HiGRND visualizes the structure in 3D. Utilities in the 3D environment allow the user to switch between views (2D floor plans, 3D spatial, evacuation routes, etc.) and manually edit fast changing environments. HiGRND accepts CAD drawings and 3D digital objects and renders these in the 3D space. Second, HiGRND has a First Responder tracker that uses the transponder signals from First Responders to locate them in the virtual space. We use the movements of the First Responder to map the interior of structures. Finally, HiGRND can turn 2D blueprints into 3D objects. The 3D extruder extracts walls, symbols, and text from scanned blueprints to create the 3D mesh of the building. HiGRND increases the situational awareness of First Responders and allows them to make better, faster decisions in critical urban situations.

  18. Digital command and control (C2) in electromagnetic battlespace (United States)

    Kurt, Ekrem


    Military operations are executed in an increasingly complex electromagnetic environment. Over the last decade, All nations focused on improving their signal intelligence capabilities which has significantly improved intelligence support to EW. Today, there are many evolving facets of electromagnetic battlespace that include not only Electronic Attack (EA) but also improved situational awareness via information sharing and optimal positioning of Electronic Support (ES) systems.The aim is to use EW resources more intelligently in the battlespace and, by extension, improve their effectiveness. Another benefit is to provide tactical commanders with a timelier and accurate Common Operational Picture (COP) of the electromagnetic battlespace. In this study, the importance of controlling EM spectrum will be explained. The platforms and weapon systems which are used and being planned to use in the future for EM environment will be expressed. The main purpose is to help the planners who will execute the EW plan regarding to EM spectrum. The alghoritma can give planners to dynamic COP with effected sectors from enemy's EA platforms and systems. So that, planners can transmit it to friendly platforms at the same time. In addition, they can get the all needed informations related to enemy. In this way planners can easily send a message to friendly EA platforms to change the sector in order to affect the enemy. For all these reasons, it should have authority to give an order to friendly platforms about changing sector and frequency as well.

  19. Implementation science: the laboratory as a command centre. (United States)

    Boeras, Debrah I; Nkengasong, John N; Peeling, Rosanna W


    Recent advances in point-of-care technologies to ensure universal access to affordable quality-assured diagnostics have the potential to transform patient management, surveillance programmes, and control of infectious diseases. Decentralization of testing can put tremendous stresses on fragile health systems if the laboratory is not involved in the planning, introduction, and scale-up strategies. The impact of investments in novel technologies can only be realized if these tests are evaluated, adopted, and scaled up within the healthcare system with appropriate planning and understanding of the local contexts in which these technologies will be used. In this digital age, the laboratory needs to take on the role of the Command Centre for technology introduction and implementation. Implementation science is needed to understand the political, cultural, economic, and behavioural context for technology introduction. The new paradigm should include: building a comprehensive system of laboratories and point-of-care testing sites to provide quality-assured diagnostic services with good laboratory-clinic interface to build trust in test results and linkage to care; building and coordinating a comprehensive national surveillance and communication system for disease control and global health emergencies; conducting research to monitor the impact of new tools and interventions on improving patient care.

  20. Spaceport Command and Control System Support Software Development (United States)

    Brunotte, Leonard


    The Spaceport Command and Control System (SCCS) is a project developed and used by NASA at Kennedy Space Center in order to control and monitor the Space Launch System (SLS) at the time of its launch. One integral subteam under SCCS is the one assigned to the development of a data set building application to be used both on the launch pad and in the Launch Control Center (LCC) at the time of launch. This web application was developed in Ruby on Rails, a web framework using the Ruby object-oriented programming language, by a 15 - employee team (approx.). Because this application is such a huge undertaking with many facets and iterations, there were a few areas in which work could be more easily organized and expedited. As an intern working with this team, I was charged with the task of writing web applications that fulfilled this need, creating a virtual and highly customizable whiteboard in order to allow engineers to keep track of build iterations and their status. Additionally, I developed a knowledge capture web application wherein any engineer or contractor within SCCS could ask a question, answer an existing question, or leave a comment on any question or answer, similar to Stack Overflow.

  1. GRD: An SPSS extension command for generating random data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bradley Harding


    Full Text Available To master statistics and data analysis tools, it is necessary to understand a number of concepts, manyof which are quite abstract. For example, sampling from a theoretical distribution can help individuals explore andunderstand randomness. Sampling can also be used to build exercises aimed to help students master statistics. Here, we present GRD (Generator of Random Data, an extension command for SPSS (version 17 and above. With GRD, it is possible to get random data from a given distribution. In its simplest use, GRD will return a set of simulated data from a normal distribution.With subcommands to GRD, it is possible to get data from multiple groups, over multiple repeated measures, and with desired effectsizes. Group sizes can be equal or unequal. With further subcommands, it is possible to sample from any theoretical population, (not simply the normal distribution, introduce non-homogeneous variances,fix or randomize subject effects, etc. Finally, GRD’s generated data are in a format ready to be analyzed.

  2. Improving Air Force Command and Control Through Enhanced Agile Combat Support Planning, Execution, Monitoring, and Control Processes (United States)


    assess, plan, execute [ MAPE ] model) are an integral part of Air Force enterprise and joint command and control capability. In the revised copy of Air...operations. 2 Similar in construct, the Air Force uses the MAPE model when discussing ACS processes. 3 In the revised copy of AFDD 1, dated November 12, 2010...MAJCOM major command xliv Improving Air Force C2 Through Enhanced Agile Combat Support Processes MAJCOM/CC commander, major command MAPE monitor, assess

  3. 77 FR 61581 - Notice of Advisory Committee Closed Meeting; U.S. Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group (United States)


    ..., intelligence, and policy-related issues to the Commander, U.S. Strategic Command, during the development of the... of the Secretary Notice of Advisory Committee Closed Meeting; U.S. Strategic Command Strategic... following closed meeting notice pertaining to the following federal advisory committee: U.S....

  4. Policy Options to Address Crucial Communication Gaps in the Incident Command System (United States)


    Joseph E Trainor, and Benigno E Aguirre , “A Critical Evaluation of the Incident Command System and NIMS.” Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency... Aguirre , “A Critical Evaluation of the Incident Command System and NIMS.” Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, no. 3 (2006). Available...index_findings.htm. 114 Buck, Dick A., Joseph E. Trainor, and Benigno E. Aguirre . “A Critical Evaluation of the Incident Command System and NIMS.” Journal of

  5. 可扩展的字符命令实现机制研究%Implemention of Scalable Char Command Programming

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李加洋; 吴文江; 韩建起


    General CNC system only provides G-code programming which lacks of flexibility and single scalability way. In order to enrich its programming mechanism and Improve CNC s scalability, this paper puts to use the custom sequence of syntax element analysis and propose a char command programming mechanism for Lantian CNC. The char command programming mechanism is very easy to extend. The advantage of the mechanism is that it allows the interpreter to add a char command without modificating the source code for lexical and syntax analysis. Users just need to make a little change on configuration file and all change can be realized Automatically. The paper also designs and implements the configuration files, configuration files parser, command parser and detailed introduces the three modules' achievement.%一般数控系统仅提供了G代码编程,缺少灵活性,扩展方式单一.为了丰富数控系统的编程机制,提高系统的可扩展性,采用自定义的语法元素分析序列方式,提出了一种易于扩展的用于蓝天数控系统的字符命令编程机制,该机制使得添加字符命令的解释工作可以在无需修改词法和语法分析源代码的情况下,通过配置文件实现.设计实现了配置文件,配置文件解析器以及命令解析器三个模块,并对这三个模块功能是实现做了详细的介绍.

  6. Commande optimale à flux libre des machines asynchrones (United States)

    Biedinger, J. M.; Poullain, S.; Yvon, J. P.


    The subject of this paper is the optimal control with unconstrained flux of an induction motor being considered as a distributed parameter system described by a nonlinear diffusion equation. This approach allows to describe the electrodynamic state of the motor by taking into account, in a natural way, the influence of saturation and eddy-currents, as well as the nonlinearities due to the variable flux operation. Equations are approximated via a finite element formulation which leads to a finite dimensional dynamical system to which the techniques of optimal control may be applied. The generality of the methodology allows to treat various criteria. The objective aimed in this paper is to force the motor torque to follow a given input, especially under initially demagnetized conditions and with, naturally, constraints on the currents. For this purpose the criterion will be chosen as a norm of the difference between the electromagnetic torque and a given reference torque. Numerical simulations are presented for the case of a squirrel-cage rotor and for a solid iron rotor. Results are compared with those deduced from strategies based on lumped-parameter models. Torque responses obtained with field-oriented control method adapted to the case of flux-variable operation are also presented. Finally a modification of the criterion is proposed for identifying the command which allows to obtain the larger torque during transient states. Dans cet article on traite le problème du contrôle optimal à flux libre d'un moteur asynchrone considéré comme un système à paramètres répartis gouverné par une équation de diffusion non linéaire. Cette approche permet de décrire l'état électrodynamique de la machine en prenant naturellement en compte les effets de la saturation et des courants induits, ainsi que les non-linéarités liées au fonctionnement à flux variable. La formulation éléments finis est utilisée pour traduire le problème continu sous la forme d

  7. Generating Control Commands From Gestures Sensed by EMG (United States)

    Wheeler, Kevin R.; Jorgensen, Charles


    An effort is under way to develop noninvasive neuro-electric interfaces through which human operators could control systems as diverse as simple mechanical devices, computers, aircraft, and even spacecraft. The basic idea is to use electrodes on the surface of the skin to acquire electromyographic (EMG) signals associated with gestures, digitize and process the EMG signals to recognize the gestures, and generate digital commands to perform the actions signified by the gestures. In an experimental prototype of such an interface, the EMG signals associated with hand gestures are acquired by use of several pairs of electrodes mounted in sleeves on a subject s forearm (see figure). The EMG signals are sampled and digitized. The resulting time-series data are fed as input to pattern-recognition software that has been trained to distinguish gestures from a given gesture set. The software implements, among other things, hidden Markov models, which are used to recognize the gestures as they are being performed in real time. Thus far, two experiments have been performed on the prototype interface to demonstrate feasibility: an experiment in synthesizing the output of a joystick and an experiment in synthesizing the output of a computer or typewriter keyboard. In the joystick experiment, the EMG signals were processed into joystick commands for a realistic flight simulator for an airplane. The acting pilot reached out into the air, grabbed an imaginary joystick, and pretended to manipulate the joystick to achieve left and right banks and up and down pitches of the simulated airplane. In the keyboard experiment, the subject pretended to type on a numerical keypad, and the EMG signals were processed into keystrokes. The results of the experiments demonstrate the basic feasibility of this method while indicating the need for further research to reduce the incidence of errors (including confusion among gestures). Topics that must be addressed include the numbers and arrangements

  8. Control Architecture for Robotic Agent Command and Sensing (United States)

    Huntsberger, Terrance; Aghazarian, Hrand; Estlin, Tara; Gaines, Daniel


    Control Architecture for Robotic Agent Command and Sensing (CARACaS) is a recent product of a continuing effort to develop architectures for controlling either a single autonomous robotic vehicle or multiple cooperating but otherwise autonomous robotic vehicles. CARACaS is potentially applicable to diverse robotic systems that could include aircraft, spacecraft, ground vehicles, surface water vessels, and/or underwater vessels. CARACaS incudes an integral combination of three coupled agents: a dynamic planning engine, a behavior engine, and a perception engine. The perception and dynamic planning en - gines are also coupled with a memory in the form of a world model. CARACaS is intended to satisfy the need for two major capabilities essential for proper functioning of an autonomous robotic system: a capability for deterministic reaction to unanticipated occurrences and a capability for re-planning in the face of changing goals, conditions, or resources. The behavior engine incorporates the multi-agent control architecture, called CAMPOUT, described in An Architecture for Controlling Multiple Robots (NPO-30345), NASA Tech Briefs, Vol. 28, No. 11 (November 2004), page 65. CAMPOUT is used to develop behavior-composition and -coordination mechanisms. Real-time process algebra operators are used to compose a behavior network for any given mission scenario. These operators afford a capability for producing a formally correct kernel of behaviors that guarantee predictable performance. By use of a method based on multi-objective decision theory (MODT), recommendations from multiple behaviors are combined to form a set of control actions that represents their consensus. In this approach, all behaviors contribute simultaneously to the control of the robotic system in a cooperative rather than a competitive manner. This approach guarantees a solution that is good enough with respect to resolution of complex, possibly conflicting goals within the constraints of the mission to

  9. IT Security Support for Spaceport Command and Control System (United States)

    McLain, Jeffrey


    During the fall 2013 semester, I worked at the Kennedy Space Center as an IT Security Intern in support of the Spaceport Command and Control System under the guidance of the IT Security Lead Engineer. Some of my responsibilities included assisting with security plan documentation collection, system hardware and software inventory, and malicious code and malware scanning. Throughout the semester, I had the opportunity to work on a wide range of security related projects. However, there are three projects in particular that stand out. The first project I completed was updating a large interactive spreadsheet that details the SANS Institutes Top 20 Critical Security Controls. My task was to add in all of the new commercial of the shelf (COTS) software listed on the SANS website that can be used to meet their Top 20 controls. In total, there are 153 unique security tools listed by SANS that meet one or more of their 20 controls. My second project was the creation of a database that will allow my mentor to keep track of the work done by the contractors that report to him in a more efficient manner by recording events as they occur throughout the quarter. Lastly, I expanded upon a security assessment of the Linux machines being used on center that I began last semester. To do this, I used a vulnerability and configuration tool that scans hosts remotely through the network and presents the user with an abundance of information detailing each machines configuration. The experience I gained from working on each of these projects has been invaluable, and I look forward to returning in the spring semester to continue working with the IT Security team.

  10. Development of the Macro Command Editing Executive System for Factory Workers-Oriented Programless Visual Inspection System (United States)

    Anezaki, Takashi; Wakitani, Kouichi; Nakamura, Masatoshi; Kubo, Hiroyasu

    Because visual inspection systems are difficult to tune, they create many problems for the kaizen process. This results in increased development costs and time to assure that the inspection systems function properly. In order to improve inspection system development, we designed an easy-tuning system called a “Program-less” visual inspection system. The ROI macro command which consisted of eight kinds of shape recognition macro commands and decision, operation, control commands was built. Furthermore, the macro command editing executive system was developed by the operation of only the GUI without editing source program. The validity of the ROI macro command was proved by the application of 488 places.

  11. Absent Authority: Failure to Plan Funding and Command Authorities in USAF Security Assistance Units (United States)


    the USAF took partners who were 58 Ken Arteaga , “Air Advisor Education & Training Information...2 Feb 2012. Arteaga , Ken. “Air Advisor Education & Training Information Brief.” San Antonio TX: Headquarters Air Education and Training Command

  12. On-Command Exoskeleton for Countermeasure Microgravity Effects on Muscles and Bones (United States)

    Bar-Cohen, Y.; Bao, X.; Badescu, M.; Sherrit, S.; Mavroidis, C.; Unluhisarcikh, O.; Pietrusinski, M.; Rajulu, S.; Berka, R.; Cowley, M.


    On-command exoskeleton with impeding and augmenting elements would support the operation of astronauts traveling to Mars. Thus, countermeasure deleterious effects on the muscles and bones during travel and assist their physical activity on Mars.

  13. Brain activation during ideomotor praxis: imitation and movements executed by verbal command


    Makuuchi, M.; Kaminaga, T; Sugishita, M


    Background: Ideomotor apraxia is a disorder of both imitation movements and movements executed by verbal command. Lesion studies have identified the left parietal lobe as the neural correlate for ideomotor praxis (IP), although there are opposing views.

  14. Standardisation of command and control systems and simulator interfaces, and the definition of scenarios

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Naidoo, S


    Full Text Available The emergence of numerous command and control (C2) systems and simulators necessitate the standardisation of interfaces and the definition of scenarios to facilitate their efficient co-existence. This paper comments on the activities...

  15. Portrait of Astronaut Neil A. Armstrong, commander of Apollo 11 mission (United States)


    Portrait of Astronaut Neil A. Armstrong, commander of the Apollo 11 Lunar Landing mission in his space suit, with his helmet on the table in front of him. Behind him is a large photograph of the lunar surface.


    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Le Roux, Willem


    .... It has the potential to enhance the situation awareness of military operators. This study identifies possible uses of augmented reality in command and control applications with specific attention to situation awareness in the South African context...

  17. Tianjin Earthquake Emergency Command Technical System Composition And The Working Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUE Peng; ZHANG Hui; ZHANG Nan; LI Ya-jing


    This paper introduced the composing and frame on the Tianjin earthquake emergency command technical system.It introduced the central function and the technical target.It evaluated the emergency and the applying prospect on the system.

  18. When authorities' commands backfire: attributions about consensus and effects on deviant decision making. (United States)

    Conway, Lucian Gideon; Schaller, Mark


    The perception of consensus typically produces conformity, but specific attributional circumstances may produce deviance instead. Ironically, the command of an authority figure may create one such circumstance. Participants were presented with scenarios in which they had to make a choice between 2 options. Prior to their decision, they observed others all making a single choice. In some conditions, this consensus occurred following an authority's explicit command to make that choice. Results revealed the hypothesized effect--the authority's command led participants to make deviant decisions-and revealed that this effect was moderated by the authority's continued presence, expertise, the target(s) of the command, and the ability of perceivers to use their cognitive resources.

  19. Leaders in space: Mission commanders and crew on the International Space Station (United States)

    Brcic, Jelena

    Understanding the relationship between leaders and their subordinates is important for building better interpersonal connections, improving group cohesion and cooperation, and increasing task success. This relationship has been examined in many types of groups but not a great amount of analysis has been applied to spaceflight crews. We specifically investigated differences between mission commanders and flight commanders during missions to the International Space Station (ISS). Astronauts and cosmonauts on the ISS participate in long-duration missions (2 to 6 months in length) in which they live and work in close proximity with their 2 or 3 member crews. The leaders are physically distant from their command centres which may result in delay of instructions or important advice. Therefore, the leaders must be able to make quick, sound decisions with unwavering certainty. Potential complications include that the leaders may not be able to exercise their power fully, since material reward or punishment of any one member affects the whole group, and that the leader's actions (or lack thereof) in this isolated, confined environment could create stress in members. To be effective, the mission commander must be able to prevent or alleviate any group conflict and be able to relate to members on an emotional level. Mission commanders and crew are equal in the competencies of spaceflight; therefore, what are the unique characteristics that enable the commanders to fulfill their role? To highlight the differences between commander and crew, astronaut journals, diaries, pre- flight interviews, NASA oral histories, and letters written to family from space were scored and analyzed for values and coping styles. During pre-flight, mission commanders scored higher than other crew members on the values of Stimulation, Security, Universalism, Conformity, Spirituality, and Benevolence, and more often used Self-Control as a coping style. During the long-duration mission on ISS, mission

  20. The R Commander: A Basic-Statistics Graphical User Interface to R

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Fox


    Full Text Available Unlike S-PLUS, R does not incorporate a statistical graphical user interface (GUI, but it does include tools for building GUIs. Based on the tcltk package (which furnishes an interface to the Tcl/Tk GUI toolkit, the Rcmdr package provides a basic-statistics graphical user interface to R called the "R Commander." The design objectives of the R Commander were as follows: to support, through an easy-to-use, extensible, cross-platform GUI, the statistical functionality required for a basic-statistics course (though its current functionality has grown to include support for linear and generalized-linear models, and other more advanced features; to make it relatively difficult to do unreasonable things; and to render visible the relationship between choices made in the GUI and the R commands that they generate. The R Commander uses a simple and familiar menu/dialog-box interface. Top-level menus include File, Edit, Data, Statistics, Graphs, Models, Distributions, Tools, and Help, with the complete menu tree given in the paper. Each dialog box includes a Help button, which leads to a relevant help page. Menu and dialog-box selections generate R commands, which are recorded in a script window and are echoed, along with output, to an output window. The script window also provides the ability to edit, enter, and re-execute commands. Error messages, warnings, and some other information appear in a separate messages window. Data sets in the R Commander are simply R data frames, and can be read from attached packages or imported from files. Although several data frames may reside in memory, only one is "active" at any given time. There may also be an active statistical model (e.g., an R lm or glm ob ject. The purpose of this paper is to introduce and describe the use of the R Commander GUI; to describe the design and development of the R Commander; and to explain how the R Commander GUI can be extended. The second part of the paper (following a brief

  1. Nuclear Command, Control, and Communications: Update on DOD’s Modernization (United States)


    Page 1 GAO-15-584R NC3 Modernization Review 441 G St. N.W. Washington, DC 20548 June 15, 2015 Congressional Committees Nuclear Command...Control, and Communications: Update on DOD’s Modernization Nuclear command, control, and communications (NC3) is a large and complex system... architecture consists of components that support day-to-day nuclear and conventional operations prior to a nuclear event as well as those that provide

  2. Trust: The Key to the Success of Mission Command in the Joint Force (United States)


    commander to grant autonomy to subordinates and the 4 subordinate to execute a trusted commander’s intent without fear of reprimand. Secondly...been promoted.”43 This conformity hardly cements trust in a command philosophy predicated on initiative and autonomy . More importantly, this...The army personnel office held teacher journeys where they would select the brightest officers with the greatest aptitude for instruction, not

  3. Lightweight Tactical Client: A Capability-Based Approach to Command Post Computing (United States)


    SUBTITLE LIGHTWEIGHT TACTICAL CLIENT: A CAPABILITY-BASED APPROACH TO COMMAND POST COMPUTING 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM...operational standpoint. For example, a requirement of a Command Post Client (ref. 1) is the capability to operate for an extended period of time (48+ hr...operations during disconnected, intermittent, and latent states including fully disconnected operations  Able to operate on a physically light

  4. Organizational Analysis of the United States Army Contracting Command-Kuwait (United States)


    contracting in the U.S. and overseas, and an Expeditionary Contracting Command (ECC) to oversee mobilization of contracting efforts in places like Iraq...increased sense of “supporting the troops” by being closer to the action. Another possibility is the upward mobility potential in the command. With...program Contract performance QA These tasks not formalized in SOPs in 06, were by 08 T ECHNOLOG Y Workflow follows acquisition process Activ

  5. Common Aviation Command and Control System Increment 1 (CAC2S Inc 1) (United States)


    2016 Major Automated Information System Annual Report Common Aviation Command and Control System Increment 1 (CAC2S Inc 1) Defense Acquisition...BY - Base Year CAE - Component Acquisition Executive CDD - Capability Development Document CPD - Capability Production Document DAE - Defense...Command and Control System Increment 1 (CAC2S Inc 1) DoD Component Navy United States Marine Corps Responsible Office Program Manager References MAIS

  6. The Innovation Process and Command Consultation in the United States Army (United States)


    field, has provided the most concerted effort in set- ting forth a theoretical framework for the development of mental health consultation. 70 Edgar ...90 32. ’lease lLst the primary orin iples whic? you ;dr ti.ty with command consultation. ? aue wie clearly) 33. The two types of command consul tation...Douglas Egan. Boston: Allyn Bacon, Inc., 1968. Schein, Edgar . Process Consultation: Its Role in Organiza- tional Development. Reading, Ma.: Addison

  7. STS-26 Commander Hauck in fixed based (FB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS) (United States)


    STS-26 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, Commander Frederick H. Hauck, wearing comunications kit assembly headset and seated in the commanders seat on forward flight deck, looks over his shoulder toward the aft flight deck. A flight data file (FDF) notebook rests on his lap. The STS-26 crew is training in the fixed base (FB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS) located in JSC Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5.

  8. A Message Exchange Protocol in Command and Control Systems Integration, using the JC3IEDM (United States)


    19TH International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium C2 Agility: Lessons Learned from Research and Operations. A Message...overhead during packets reading. The service-oriented architecture (SOA) with the use of Web Services technology was chosen because of ease of learning ... Enviroments . IEEE Communications Magazine (Feb. 1997), 46-55. A Message Exchange Protocol in Command and Control Systems Integration, using the

  9. Great Expectations: Brigadier General Haywood S. Hansell, Jr.and the XXI Bomber Command (United States)


    Command and Staff College (Military Operational Art and Science) in 2013. v ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to acknowledge several people...Japanese strength.”7 Radar bombing was a valuable secondary technique, but the necessary radar maps were nonexistent until aerial photography commenced...Emmett O’Donnell, Commander, 73rd Bombardment Wing, letter, 19 August 1944, O’Donnell Collection (MS43/B11/F9). 8 The first photography missions over

  10. Employment of a Dual Status Commander in a Multi-State Disaster Operation (United States)


    forces on loan to a state in need. The gaining state is responsible for reimbursing the supporting state for all resources supplied .32 In situations... powerful government and military.36 Additionally, the law has roots in post-Civil War Reconstruction to appease southern leaders by removing military...military has clear command channels that require an uninterrupted hierarchy. Contradictions to the command channels greatly impair the effectiveness of

  11. Tactical Edge Command and Control On-The-Move - A New Paradigm (United States)


    and Decision Making Mr. Ken D. Teske And Mr. Michael D. Tisdel Command and Control On-The-Move Focused Integration Team 1562 Mitscher...Avenue Norfolk, Virginia 23551 Point of Contact Ken D. Teske Command and Control On-The-Move Focused Integration Team 1562 Mitscher Avenue...Paradigm” UNCLASSIFIED Mr. Ken Teske and Mr. Mike Tisdel FGM, Inc. C2OTM Focused Integration Team (FIT) 16th ICCRTS 22 June 2011 Paper ID 149

  12. Automating the aviation command safety assessment survey as an Enterprise Information System (EIS)


    Held, Jonathan S.; Mingo, Fred J.


    The Aviation Command Safety Assessment (ACSA) is a questionnaire survey methodology developed to evaluate a Naval Aviation Command's safety climate, culture, and safety program effectiveness. This survey was a manual process first administered in the fall of 1996. The primary goal of this thesis is to design, develop, and test an Internet-based, prototype model for administering this survey using new technologies that allow automated survey submission and analysis. The result of this thesis i...

  13. [Design and implementation of command system for emergency events of parasitic diseases]. (United States)

    Wang, Qiang; Li, Shi-zhu; Fu, Qing; Shi, Wei-jie; Song, Wei; Ji, Lin; Peng, Zhi-xiong; Lin, Qing-shuai; Hu, Jiang-long; Zhang, Li; Qian, Ying-jun; Ruan, Yao; Lu, Yan-xin; Xiao, Ning; Xu, Xue-nian; Zhou, Xiao-nong


    Based on the requirement analysis and functional design of the command system for parasitic disease outbreaks, the system was constructed by workflow technique, function modules and technical architecture. The command system was a multi-platform system, could achieve multiple functions, such as monitoring and early warning of parasitic diseases, emergency video communication, emergency dispatcher, and emergency management. The system can meet the needs in emergency events of parasitic diseases, and increase preparedness level.

  14. Introduction to Command, Control and Communications (C3) through comparative case analysis


    Berg, Scott A.


    Approved for public rerlease; distribution is unlimited This thesis contains material for the course, Introduction to Command, Control and Communications (C3). The first part of the thesis describes selected principles and concepts of C3 related to communication management, interoperability, command structure and standardization. The Crisis Action System is described emphasizing the roles and functions of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Office of the Secretary of Defense. A discussion of...

  15. An Improved Bank-to-Turn Command Allocation Strategy for TH-III (United States)

    Tian, J.; Zhang, S.; Yang, H.; Jiang, Z.; Hu, F.


    In this paper, an improved bank-to-turn (BTT) command allocation strategy is investigated for TH-III (a small solid rocket) to track the standard trajectory. In a BTT system, the angle of attack and roll angle are principally used to guide the rocket, which are usually calculated through a polar converting logic (PCL) from the acceleration commands generated by traditional skid-to-turn (STT) guidance command in the prevalent guidance law. Whereas, the used arctangent operation in PCL would result in a mathematical singularity problem when the vertical acceleration command approaches zero. To circumvent this problem, an improved shortest path adjustment method in roll channel is proposed to calculate the roll angle command in the body coordinate frame. And when the vertical acceleration command approaches zero, an auxiliary STT maneuver is introduced to ensure providing adequate maneuver ability for vehicles in any directions. In order to decrease the magnitude of abrupt change of roll angle, two reasonable precondition is proposed for the maneuver form switch. Finally, the robustness and validity of the proposed allocation strategy are demonstrated through the Monte-Carlo numerical simulations under parameters uncertainties.

  16. SEQ-GEN: A comprehensive multimission sequencing system (United States)

    Salcedo, Jose; Starbird, Thomas J.


    SEQ-GEN is a user-interactive computer program used to plan and generate a sequence of commands for spacecraft. Desired activities are specified by the user of SEQ-GEN; SEQ-GEN in turn expands these activities, deriving the spacecraft commands necessary to accomplish the desired activities. SEQ-GEN models the effects on the spacecraft of the commands, predicting the state as a function of time, flagging any conflicts and rule violations. These states, conflicts, and violations are viewable both graphically and textually at the user's request. SEQ-GEN also displays the entire sequence graphically, showing each requested activity as a bar on its graphical timeline. SEQ-GEN immediately revalidates the sequence, updating its models and calculations along with its displays based on these changes. Because it has the ability to recalculate spacecraft states immediately, the user is able to perform 'what-if' sessions easily. SEQ-GEN, a multimission tool, is adaptable to any flight project. A flight project writes its adaptation files containing project unique information including in its simplest form, only spacecraft commands. For more involved projects the adaptation files may also contain flight and mission rules, description of the spacecraft and ground models, and the definition of activities. SEQ-GEN operates at whatever level of detail the adaptation files imply. Simple adaptations are straight forward to do. There is, however, no limit to the complexity of activity definitions or of spacecraft models: both may involve unlimited logical decision points. Commands and activities may involve any number of parameters of a wide variety of data types, including integer, float, time, boolean, and character strings. SEQ-GEN will be used by the Mars Pathfinder, Cassini, and VIM (Voyager Interstellar Mission) project in an effort to speed up adaptation time and to keep sequence generation costs down. SEQ-GEN is hosted on UNIX workstations. It uses MOTIF and X for windowing

  17. Sistema audiovisual para reconocimiento de comandos Audiovisual system for recognition of commands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Ceballos


    Full Text Available Se presenta el desarrollo de un sistema automático de reconocimiento audiovisual del habla enfocado en el reconocimiento de comandos. La representación del audio se realizó mediante los coeficientes cepstrales de Mel y las primeras dos derivadas temporales. Para la caracterización del vídeo se hizo seguimiento automático de características visuales de alto nivel a través de toda la secuencia. Para la inicialización automática del algoritmo se emplearon transformaciones de color y contornos activos con información de flujo del vector gradiente ("GVF snakes" sobre la región labial, mientras que para el seguimiento se usaron medidas de similitud entre vecindarios y restricciones morfológicas definidas en el estándar MPEG-4. Inicialmente, se presenta el diseño del sistema de reconocimiento automático del habla, empleando únicamente información de audio (ASR, mediante Modelos Ocultos de Markov (HMMs y un enfoque de palabra aislada; posteriormente, se muestra el diseño de los sistemas empleando únicamente características de vídeo (VSR, y empleando características de audio y vídeo combinadas (AVSR. Al final se comparan los resultados de los tres sistemas para una base de datos propia en español y francés, y se muestra la influencia del ruido acústico, mostrando que el sistema de AVSR es más robusto que ASR y VSR.We present the development of an automatic audiovisual speech recognition system focused on the recognition of commands. Signal audio representation was done using Mel cepstral coefficients and their first and second order time derivatives. In order to characterize the video signal, a set of high-level visual features was tracked throughout the sequences. Automatic initialization of the algorithm was performed using color transformations and active contour models based on Gradient Vector Flow (GVF Snakes on the lip region, whereas visual tracking used similarity measures across neighborhoods and morphological

  18. The Influence of Future Command, Control, Communications, and Computers (C4) on Doctrine and the Operational Commander's Decision-Making Process (United States)

    Mayer, Michael G.


    Future C4 systems will alter the traditional balance between force and information, having a profound influence on doctrine and the operational commander's decision making process. The Joint Staff's future vision of C4 is conceptualized in 'C4I for the Warrior' which envisions a joint C4I architecture providing timely sensor to shoot information direct to the warfighter. C4 system must manage and filter an overwhelming amount of information; deal with interoperability issues; overcome technological limitations; meet emerging security requirements; and protect against 'Information Warfare.' Severe budget constraints necessitate unified control of C4 systems under singular leadership for the common good of all the services. In addition, acquisition policy and procedures must be revamped to allow new technologies to be fielded quickly; and the commercial marketplace will become the preferred starting point for modernization. Flatter command structures are recommended in this environment where information is available instantaneously. New responsibilities for decision making at lower levels are created. Commanders will have to strike a balance between exerting greater control and allowing subordinates enough flexibility to maintain initiative. Clearly, the commander's intent remains the most important tool in striking this balance.

  19. Classifying Genomic Sequences by Sequence Feature Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhi-Hua Liu; Dian Jiao; Xiao Sun


    Traditional sequence analysis depends on sequence alignment. In this study, we analyzed various functional regions of the human genome based on sequence features, including word frequency, dinucleotide relative abundance, and base-base correlation. We analyzed the human chromosome 22 and classified the upstream,exon, intron, downstream, and intergenic regions by principal component analysis and discriminant analysis of these features. The results show that we could classify the functional regions of genome based on sequence feature and discriminant analysis.

  20. Main: Sequences [KOME

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Sequences Amino Acid Sequence Amino Acid sequence of full length cDNA (Longest ORF) kome_ine_full_sequence_amino_db ...

  1. Shotgun protein sequencing.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faulon, Jean-Loup Michel; Heffelfinger, Grant S.


    A novel experimental and computational technique based on multiple enzymatic digestion of a protein or protein mixture that reconstructs protein sequences from sequences of overlapping peptides is described in this SAND report. This approach, analogous to shotgun sequencing of DNA, is to be used to sequence alternative spliced proteins, to identify post-translational modifications, and to sequence genetically engineered proteins.

  2. Interaction puissance-commande au sein des convertisseurs statiques (United States)

    Merienne, F.; Roudet, J.


    de l'environnement, autoperturbation). La conception moderne de convertisseurs statiques ne permet plus d'ignorer les principes et les règles élémentaires de compatibilité électromagnétique (CEM) que ce soit dans la phase d'élaboration de prototype ou de préindustrialisation. C'est pourquoi les concepteurs de convertisseurs statiques s'intéressent à la Compatibilité Électromagnétique de leurs systèmes. De façon plus concrète, l'objectif de cet article est d'étudier les risques de dysfonctionnement des convertisseurs statiques dus à leur conception technologique. Les liaisons entre les sources d'énergie via les interrupteurs électroniques (de puissance et de commande) constituent ce que nous appelons la connectique. Le plus souvent, cette connectique est constituée de pistes de circuit imprimé, de fils ou encore de barres massives en cuivre ou aluminium. Cette connectique ne peut plus être considérée comme idéale étant donné les fréquences ou les grandeurs (fréquence, dI/dt, dV/dt) qui y transitent. Ses éléments parasites peuvent provoquer des troubles graves au sein du convertisseur statique allant même parfois jusqu'à son dysfonctionnement. L'étude proposée se déroule en deux temps. Dans un premier temps, les causes de dysfonctionnement sont mises en évidence et ordonnées en fonction de la technologie. Pour chaque cas, les risques sont évalués et des règles de conception ébauchées. Dans un deuxième temps, les règles proposées sont appliquées à un hacheur et sa commande et permettent de faire évoluer la conception du système vers une meilleure sûreté de fonctionnement.

  3. Sequence Read Archive (SRA) (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Sequence Read Archive (SRA) stores raw sequencing data from the next generation of sequencing platforms including Roche 454 GS System®, Illumina Genome...

  4. Multimodal sequence learning. (United States)

    Kemény, Ferenc; Meier, Beat


    While sequence learning research models complex phenomena, previous studies have mostly focused on unimodal sequences. The goal of the current experiment is to put implicit sequence learning into a multimodal context: to test whether it can operate across different modalities. We used the Task Sequence Learning paradigm to test whether sequence learning varies across modalities, and whether participants are able to learn multimodal sequences. Our results show that implicit sequence learning is very similar regardless of the source modality. However, the presence of correlated task and response sequences was required for learning to take place. The experiment provides new evidence for implicit sequence learning of abstract conceptual representations. In general, the results suggest that correlated sequences are necessary for implicit sequence learning to occur. Moreover, they show that elements from different modalities can be automatically integrated into one unitary multimodal sequence.

  5. Converting a commercial electric direct-drive robot to operate from joint torque commands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muir, P.F.


    Many robot control algorithms for high performance in-contact operations including hybrid force/position, stiffness control and impedance control approaches require the command the joint torques. However, most commercially available robots do not provide joint torque command capabilities. The joint command at the user level is typically position or velocity and at the control developer level is voltage, current, or pulse-width, and the torque generated is a nonlinear function of the command and joint position. To enable the application of high performance in-contact control algorithms to commercially available robots, and thereby facilitate technology transfer from the robot control research community to commercial applications, an methodology has been developed to linearize the torque characteristics of electric motor-amplifier combinations. A four degree of freedom Adept 2 robot, having pulse-width modulation amplifiers and both variable reluctance and brushless DC motors, is converted to operate from joint torque commands to demonstrate the methodology. The commercial robot controller is replaced by a VME-based system incorporating special purpose hardware and firmware programmed from experimental data. The performance improvement is experimentally measured and graphically displayed using three-dimensional plots of torque vs command vs position. The average percentage torque deviation over the command and position ranges is reduced from as much as 76% to below 5% for the direct-drive joints 1, 2 and 4 and is cut by one half in the remaining ball-screw driven joint 3. Further, the torque deviation of the direct-drive joints drops below 2.5% if only the upper 90% of the torque range is considered. 23 refs., 20 figs., 2 tabs.

  6. Coordinate cytokine regulatory sequences (United States)

    Frazer, Kelly A.; Rubin, Edward M.; Loots, Gabriela G.


    The present invention provides CNS sequences that regulate the cytokine gene expression, expression cassettes and vectors comprising or lacking the CNS sequences, host cells and non-human transgenic animals comprising the CNS sequences or lacking the CNS sequences. The present invention also provides methods for identifying compounds that modulate the functions of CNS sequences as well as methods for diagnosing defects in the CNS sequences of patients.

  7. Automated Sanger Analysis Pipeline (ASAP): A Tool for Rapidly Analyzing Sanger Sequencing Data with Minimum User Interference (United States)

    Singh, Aditya; Bhatia, Prateek


    Sanger sequencing platforms, such as applied biosystems instruments, generate chromatogram files. Generally, for 1 region of a sequence, we use both forward and reverse primers to sequence that area, in that way, we have 2 sequences that need to be aligned and a consensus generated before mutation detection studies. This work is cumbersome and takes time, especially if the gene is large with many exons. Hence, we devised a rapid automated command system to filter, build, and align consensus sequences and also optionally extract exonic regions, translate them in all frames, and perform an amino acid alignment starting from raw sequence data within a very short time. In full capabilities of Automated Mutation Analysis Pipeline (ASAP), it is able to read "*.ab1" chromatogram files through command line interface, convert it to the FASTQ format, trim the low-quality regions, reverse-complement the reverse sequence, create a consensus sequence, extract the exonic regions using a reference exonic sequence, translate the sequence in all frames, and align the nucleic acid and amino acid sequences to reference nucleic acid and amino acid sequences, respectively. All files are created and can be used for further analysis. ASAP is available as Python 3.x executable at The version described in this paper is 0.28. PMID:27790076

  8. The Next Generation of Ground Operations Command and Control; Scripting in C no. and Visual Basic (United States)

    Ritter, George; Pedoto, Ramon


    Scripting languages have become a common method for implementing command and control solutions in space ground operations. The Systems Test and Operations Language (STOL), the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Scripting Language Processor (SLP), and the Spacecraft Control Language (SCL) offer script-commands that wrap tedious operations tasks into single calls. Since script-commands are interpreted, they also offer a certain amount of hands-on control that is highly valued in space ground operations. Although compiled programs seem to be unsuited for interactive user control and are more complex to develop, Marshall Space flight Center (MSFC) has developed a product called the Enhanced and Redesign Scripting (ERS) that makes use of the graphical and logical richness of a programming language while offering the hands-on and ease of control of a scripting language. ERS is currently used by the International Space Station (ISS) Payload Operations Integration Center (POIC) Cadre team members. ERS integrates spacecraft command mnemonics, telemetry measurements, and command and telemetry control procedures into a standard programming language, while making use of Microsoft's Visual Studio for developing Visual Basic (VB) or C# ground operations procedures. ERS also allows for script-style user control during procedure execution using a robust graphical user input and output feature. The availability of VB and C# programmers, and the richness of the languages and their development environment, has allowed ERS to lower our "script" development time and maintenance costs at the Marshall POIC.

  9. Atmospheric effects on voice command intelligibility from acoustic hail and warning devices. (United States)

    Bostron, Jason H; Brungart, Timothy A; Barnard, Andrew R; McDevitt, Timothy E


    Voice command sound pressure levels (SPLs) were recorded at distances up to 1500 m. Received SPLs were related to the meteorological condition during sound propagation and compared with the outdoor sound propagation standard ISO 9613-2. Intelligibility of received signals was calculated using ANSI S3.5. Intelligibility results for the present voice command indicate that meteorological condition imposes little to no effect on intelligibility when the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is low (0 dB). In these two cases the signal is firmly unintelligible or intelligible, respectively. However, at moderate SNRs, variations in received SPL can cause a fully intelligible voice command to become unintelligible, depending on the meteorological condition along the sound propagation path. These changes in voice command intelligibility often occur on time scales as short as minutes during upward refracting conditions, typically found above ground during the day or upwind of a sound source. Reliably predicting the intelligibility of a voice command in a moderate SNR environment can be challenging due to the inherent variability imposed by sound propagation through the atmosphere.

  10. Method and apparatus for creating time-optimal commands for linear systems (United States)

    Tuttle, Timothy D. (Inventor); Seering, Warren P. (Inventor)


    A system for and method of determining an input command profile for substantially any dynamic system that can be modeled as a linear system, the input command profile for transitioning an output of the dynamic system from one state to another state. The present invention involves identifying characteristics of the dynamic system, selecting a command profile which defines an input to the dynamic system based on the identified characteristics, wherein the command profile comprises one or more pulses which rise and fall at switch times, imposing a plurality of constraints on the dynamic system, at least one of the constraints being defined in terms of the switch times, and determining the switch times for the input to the dynamic system based on the command profile and the plurality of constraints. The characteristics may be related to poles and zeros of the dynamic system, and the plurality of constraints may include a dynamics cancellation constraint which specifies that the input moves the dynamic system from a first state to a second state such that the dynamic system remains substantially at the second state.

  11. Optogenetics Based Rat-Robot Control: Optical Stimulation Encodes "Stop" and "Escape" Commands. (United States)

    Chen, SiCong; Zhou, Hong; Guo, SongChao; Zhang, JiaCheng; Qu, Yi; Feng, ZhouYan; Xu, KeDi; Zheng, XiaoXiang


    Electric brain stimulation is frequently used in bio-robot control. However, one possible limitation of electric stimulation is the resultant wide range of influences that may lead to unexpected side-effects. Although there has been prior research done towards optogenetics based brain activation, there has not been much development regarding the comparisons between electric and optical methods of brain activation. In this study, we first encode "Stop" and "Escape" commands by optical stimulation in the dorsal periaqueductal grey (dPAG). The rats behavioral comparisons are then noted down under these two methods. The dPAG neural activity recorded during optical stimulation suggests rate and temporal coding mechanisms in behavioral control. The behavioral comparisons show that rats exhibit anxiety under the "Stop" command conveyed through both optical and electric methods. However, rats are able to recover more quickly from freezing only under optical "Stop" command. Under "Escape" commands, also conveyed through optical means, the rat would move with lessened urgency but the results are more stable. Moreover, c-Fos study shows the optical stimulation activates restricted range in midbrain: the optical stimulation affected only dPAG and its downstreams but electric stimulation activates both the upstream and downstream circuits, in which the glutamatergic neurons are largely occupied and play important role in "Stop" and "Escape" behavior controls. We conclude that optical stimulation is more suited for encoding "Stop" and "Escape" commands for rat-robot control.

  12. The United States Military Entrance Processing Command (USMEPCOM) Uses Six Sigma Process to Develop and Improve Data Quality (United States)

    2007-06-01 Original title on 712 A/B: The United States Military Entrance Processing Command (USMEPCOM) uses Six Sigma process to develop and...Entrance Processing Command (USMEPCOM) uses Six Sigma Process to Develop and Improve Data Quality 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM...Processing Command (USMEPCOM) uses Six Sigma Process to Develop and Improve Data Quality 3 • USMEPCOM Overview/History • Purpose • Define: What is Important

  13. Cyber Electromagnetic Activities within the Mission Command Warfighting Function: Why is it Important and What is the Capability? (United States)


    33 CEMA and the Mission Command Warfighting Function...Army Doctrine Publication ADRP Army Doctrine Reference Publication CEMA Cyber-Electromagnetic Activities DOD Department of Defense EMSO Electronic

  14. Micro-controller based Remote Monitoring using Mobile through Spoken Commands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naresh P Jawarkar


    Full Text Available Mobile phone can serve as powerful tool for world-wide communication. A system is developed to remotely monitor process through spoken commands using mobile. Mel cepstrum features are extracted from spoken words. Learning Vector Quantization Neural Network is used for recognition of various words used in the command. The accuracy of spoken commands is about 98%. A text message is generated and sent to control system mobile in form of SMS. On receipt of SMS, control system mobile informs AVR micro-controller based card, which performs specified task. The system alerts user in case of occurrence of any abnormal conditions like power failure, loss of control, etc. Other applications where this approach can be extended are also discussed.

  15. Detection of Botnet Command and Control Traffic by the Multistage Trust Evaluation of Destination Identifiers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pieter Burghouwt


    Full Text Available Network-based detection of botnet Command and Control communication is a difficult task if the traffic has a relatively low volume and if popular protocols, such as HTTP, are used to resemble normal traffic. We present a new network-based detection approach that is capable of detecting this type of Command and Control traffic in an enterprise network by estimating the trustworthiness of the traffic destinations. If the destination identifier of a traffic flow origins directly from: human input, prior traffic from a trusted destination, or a defined set of legitimate applications, the destination is trusted and its associated traffic is classified as normal. Advantages of this approach are: the ability of zero day malicious traffic detection, low exposure to malware by passive host-external traffic monitoring, and the applicability for real-time filtering. Experimental evaluation demonstrates successful detection of diverse types of Command and Control Traffic.

  16. Command decoder unit. [performance tests of data processing terminals and data converters for space shuttle orbiters (United States)


    The design and testing of laboratory hardware (a command decoder unit) used in evaluating space shuttle instrumentation, data processing, and ground check-out operations is described. The hardware was a modification of another similar instrumentation system. A data bus coupler was designed and tested to interface the equipment to a central bus controller (computer). A serial digital data transfer mechanism was also designed. Redundant power supplies and overhead modules were provided to minimize the probability of a single component failure causing a catastrophic failure. The command decoder unit is packaged in a modular configuration to allow maximum user flexibility in configuring a system. Test procedures and special test equipment for use in testing the hardware are described. Results indicate that the unit will allow NASA to evaluate future software systems for use in space shuttles. The units were delivered to NASA and appear to be adequately performing their intended function. Engineering sketches and photographs of the command decoder unit are included.

  17. Analysis of the influence of sound signal processing parameters on the quality voice command recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. P. Dyuzhayev


    Full Text Available Introduction. For the task of voice control over different devices recognition of single (isolated voice commands is required. Typically, this control method requires high reliability (at least 95% accuracy voice recognition. It should be noted that voice commands are often pronounced in high noisiness. All presently known methods and algorithms of speech recognition do not allow to clearly determine which parameters of sound signal can provide the best results. The main part. On the first level of voice recognition is about preprocessing and extracting of acoustic features that have a number of useful features – they are easily calculated, providing a compact representation of the voice commands that are resistant to noise interference; On the next level given command is looked for in the reference dictionary. To get MFCC coefficients input file has to be divided into frames. Each frame is measured by a window function and processed by discrete Fourier transform. The resulting representation of signal in the frequency domain is divided into ranges using a set of triangular filters. The last step is to perform discrete cosine transform. Method of dynamic time warping allows to get a value that is an inverse of degree of similarity between given command and a reference. Conclusions. Research has shown that in the field of voice commands recognition optimum results in terms of quality / performance can be achieved using the following parameters of sound signal processing:8 kHz sample rate, frame duration 70–120 ms, Hamming weighting function of a window, number of Fourier samples is 512.

  18. Commande d'un actionneur électrique par communication sans fil Zigbee


    Llibre, Jean-François


    CNR IUT Angers 2010; Nous présentons ici un asservissement de position en sans fil d'un moteur à courant continu. La consigne élaborée au niveau d'un PC distant est envoyée via un module Zigbee à un autre module Zigbee, qui lui relié au moteur à commander, renvoie la mesure de la position. La commande numérique mise en œuvre doit être suffisamment robuste et la période d'échantillonnage judicieusement choisie pour s'affranchir des contraintes imposées par la communication hertzienne. Nous uti...

  19. The Next Generation of Ground Operations Command and Control; Scripting in C Sharp and Visual Basic (United States)

    Ritter, George; Pedoto, Ramon


    This slide presentation reviews the use of scripting languages in Ground Operations Command and Control. It describes the use of scripting languages in a historical context, the advantages and disadvantages of scripts. It describes the Enhanced and Redesigned Scripting (ERS) language, that was designed to combine the features of a scripting language and the graphical and IDE richness of a programming language with the utility of scripting languages. ERS uses the Microsoft Visual Studio programming environment and offers custom controls that enable an ERS developer to extend the Visual Basic and C sharp language interface with the Payload Operations Integration Center (POIC) telemetry and command system.

  20. Concepts de modélisation pour la commande des convertisseurs statiques


    Guillaud, Xavier; Hautier, Jean-Paul


    L'article propose un formalisme et un vocabulaire visant à rendre systématique la modélisation d'un processus de conversion statique en vue de sa commande. Après avoir rappelé la décomposition fonctionnelle conduisant au modèle de connaissance, les auteurs définissent les concepts utiles à la description de chacun des blocs. Les notions de commandabilité et de valeur moyenne de connexion induisent ensuite les relations biunivoques nécessaires à l'établissement du modèle de commande dans le ca...

  1. Une nouvelle approche de la relation vision-commande en robotique


    Espiau, Bernard; Chaumette, François; Rives, Patrick


    Ce rapport presente les concepts et les resultats relatifs a une nouvelle approche de la commande referencee vision en robotique. L'idee de base consiste a considerer un systeme de vision comme un capteur particulier associe a une tache, et insere dans une boucle de commande. Une fois effectuee l'etape necessaire de modelisation, la problematique ainsi posee ressort alors de l'automatique, et met en avant des questions naturelles de stabilite et de robustesse. Ce rapport est structure comme s...

  2. STS-56 Commander Cameron and Pilot Oswald on CCT flight deck in JSC's MAIL (United States)


    STS-56 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, Commander Kenneth Cameron, (left) and Pilot Stephen S. Oswald, wearing launch and entry suits (LESs) and launch and entry helmets (LEHs), are seated on the forward flight deck of the crew compartment trainer (CCT), a shuttle mockup. Cameron mans the commander station controls and Oswald the pilots station controls during an emergency egress (bailout) simulation. The view was taken from the aft flight deck looking forward and includes Cameron's and Oswald's profiles and the forward flight deck controls and checklists. The CCT is located in JSC's Mockup and Integration Laboratory (MAIL) Bldg 9NE.

  3. Research of intelligence data mining based on commanding decision-making

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Jingxue; Fei Qi


    In order to rapidly and effectively meet the informative demand from commanding decision-making, it is important to build, maintain and mine the intelligence database.The type, structure and maintenance of military intelligence database are discussed.On this condition, a new data-mining arithmetic based on relation intelligence database is presented according to the preference information and the requirement of time limit given by the commander.Furthermore, a simple calculative example is presented to prove the arithmetic with better maneuverability.Lastly, the problem of how to process the intelligence data mined from the intelligence database is discussed.

  4. A GIS-based Earthquake and Tsunami Emergency Command System for Seaside Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUAN Youhai; FENG Qimin; JIA Jing


    In this paper the geographical information system (GIS) is applied to earthquake and tsunami emergency work and an earthquake and tsunami emergency command system (ETECS) for seaside cities is developed which is composed of a basic database and six subsystems. By employing this system, the responsible municipal departments can make rapid prediction before the occurrence of earthquake or tsunami, make commanding decisions concerning the disaster-fight during the disastrous event, and make rapid estimates of the casualties and economic losses. So that the government could conduct relief work in time and planning for future disaster reduction and prevention.

  5. Accelerated Training for Command Dynamic Decision Making: A Pilot Study Using Microworlds (United States)


    provided. Résumé La prise de décision dynamique (PDD) constitue une aptitude très en demande mais difficile à enseigner pour les commandants...difficile à enseigner pour la prise de décision pour le commandement dans les FC. Il s’agit aussi d’une aptitude cognitive difficile, particulièrement...The former topic is made complicated by the fact that the subcomponents of a complex dynamic system typically interact in non-linear fashion, and

  6. Personnel Information Requirements for the Support of Air Force Squadron Commanders’ Information Systems (United States)


    With Graphic Format Generated By A Squadron Commander Emlis+ed Monning 20 110 1807 C-198 or-ly Ju e o Feb 0p u c e 512S 1988 Jon Mar May JuI S;p Nv...I I 1988 Jon Mar’ Ma’y Jul Sep Nov Feb Apr Jun Rug Oci Dec Mo n th 61 Bibliography 1. Barros, Oscar. "Information Requirements And Alternatives In...14. Gruber , W.H. and J.S. Niles. The New Management. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1976. 15. Hughes, David. "MAC Command and Control Center To Serve As

  7. Command Filtering-Based Fuzzy Control for Nonlinear Systems With Saturation Input. (United States)

    Yu, Jinpeng; Shi, Peng; Dong, Wenjie; Lin, Chong


    In this paper, command filtering-based fuzzy control is designed for uncertain multi-input multioutput (MIMO) nonlinear systems with saturation nonlinearity input. First, the command filtering method is employed to deal with the explosion of complexity caused by the derivative of virtual controllers. Then, fuzzy logic systems are utilized to approximate the nonlinear functions of MIMO systems. Furthermore, error compensation mechanism is introduced to overcome the drawback of the dynamics surface approach. The developed method will guarantee all signals of the systems are bounded. The effectiveness and advantages of the theoretic result are obtained by a simulation example.

  8. C3: Command-line Catalogue Crossmatch for modern astronomical surveys (United States)

    Riccio, Giuseppe; Brescia, Massimo; Cavuoti, Stefano


    The Command-line Catalogue Cross-matching (C3) software efficiently performs the positional cross-match between massive catalogues from modern astronomical surveys, whose size have rapidly increased in the current data-driven science era. Based on a multi-core parallel processing paradigm, it is executed as a stand-alone command-line process or integrated within any generic data reduction/analysis pipeline. C3 provides its users with flexibility in portability, parameter configuration, catalogue formats, angular resolution, region shapes, coordinate units and cross-matching types.

  9. Architectures innovantes de systèmes de commandes de vol


    Sghairi Haouati, Manel


    L'aboutissement aux Commandes de Vol Électriques (CDVE) des avions civils actuels s'est fait par étapes, après une longue maturation des différentes technologies mises en place. La prochaine étape est l'utilisation de communications intégralement numériques et d'actionneurs intelligents. Cette thèse propose de nouvelles architectures, en rupture avec l'état de l'art, avec de nouvelles répartitions des fonctions intelligentes entre l'avionique centrale (calculateurs de commandes de vols) et l'...

  10. Optics research at the U.S. Navy System Commands Laboratories: introduction. (United States)

    Mullen, Linda


    The purpose of this feature issue is to highlight optics research being performed at the U.S. Navy System Commands. Contributed papers cover a range of topics related to the various components of optical systems, including the optical source, the intervening medium, and the optical receiver, and processing techniques that are used to obtain information from the detected signal. While research from only two of the Navy System Commands is represented in this feature issue, it will hopefully enlighten the readers to the variety and high caliber of research being conducted in our Navy's laboratories and pave the way for additional features in the future.

  11. fgui: A Method for Automatically Creating Graphical User Interfaces for Command-Line R Packages. (United States)

    Hoffmann, Thomas J; Laird, Nan M


    The fguiR package is designed for developers of R packages, to help rapidly, and sometimes fully automatically, create a graphical user interface for a command line R package. The interface is built upon the Tcl/Tk graphical interface included in R. The package further facilitates the developer by loading in the help files from the command line functions to provide context sensitive help to the user with no additional effort from the developer. Passing a function as the argument to the routines in the fgui package creates a graphical interface for the function, and further options are available to tweak this interface for those who want more flexibility.

  12. Joint Command Support Through Workspace Analysis, Design and Optimization (Soutien du Commandement Interarmees au Moyen de L’Analyse, de la Conception et de L’Optimisation de L’Espace de Travail) (United States)


    the Minister of National Defence, 2009 © Sa Majesté la Reine (en droit du Canada), telle que représentée par le ministre de la Défense nationale... critique of this new design process and suggests a future R&D roadmap. 1.1 Command Centre and the Scope of its Design A command centre is often

  13. Genome Sequence Databases (Overview): Sequencing and Assembly

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lapidus, Alla L.


    From the date its role in heredity was discovered, DNA has been generating interest among scientists from different fields of knowledge: physicists have studied the three dimensional structure of the DNA molecule, biologists tried to decode the secrets of life hidden within these long molecules, and technologists invent and improve methods of DNA analysis. The analysis of the nucleotide sequence of DNA occupies a special place among the methods developed. Thanks to the variety of sequencing technologies available, the process of decoding the sequence of genomic DNA (or whole genome sequencing) has become robust and inexpensive. Meanwhile the assembly of whole genome sequences remains a challenging task. In addition to the need to assemble millions of DNA fragments of different length (from 35 bp (Solexa) to 800 bp (Sanger)), great interest in analysis of microbial communities (metagenomes) of different complexities raises new problems and pushes some new requirements for sequence assembly tools to the forefront. The genome assembly process can be divided into two steps: draft assembly and assembly improvement (finishing). Despite the fact that automatically performed assembly (or draft assembly) is capable of covering up to 98% of the genome, in most cases, it still contains incorrectly assembled reads. The error rate of the consensus sequence produced at this stage is about 1/2000 bp. A finished genome represents the genome assembly of much higher accuracy (with no gaps or incorrectly assembled areas) and quality ({approx}1 error/10,000 bp), validated through a number of computer and laboratory experiments.

  14. Contamination of sequence databases with adaptor sequences

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshikawa, Takeo; Sanders, A.R.; Detera-Wadleigh, S.D. [National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD (United States)


    Because of the exponential increase in the amount of DNA sequences being added to the public databases on a daily basis, it has become imperative to identify sources of contamination rapidly. Previously, contaminations of sequence databases have been reported to alert the scientific community to the problem. These contaminations can be divided into two categories. The first category comprises host sequences that have been difficult for submitters to manage or control. Examples include anomalous sequences derived from Escherichia coli, which are inserted into the chromosomes (and plasmids) of the bacterial hosts. Insertion sequences are highly mobile and are capable of transposing themselves into plasmids during cloning manipulation. Another example of the first category is the infection with yeast genomic DNA or with bacterial DNA of some commercially available cDNA libraries from Clontech. The second category of database contamination is due to the inadvertent inclusion of nonhost sequences. This category includes incorporation of cloning-vector sequences and multicloning sites in the database submission. M13-derived artifacts have been common, since M13-based vectors have been widely used for subcloning DNA fragments. Recognizing this problem, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) started to screen, in April 1994, all sequences directly submitted to GenBank, against a set of vector data retrieved from GenBank by use of key-word searches, such as {open_quotes}vector.{close_quotes} In this report, we present evidence for another sequence artifact that is widespread but that, to our knowledge, has not yet been reported. 11 refs., 1 tab.

  15. Automated DNA Sequencing System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Armstrong, G.A.; Ekkebus, C.P.; Hauser, L.J.; Kress, R.L.; Mural, R.J.


    Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is developing a core DNA sequencing facility to support biological research endeavors at ORNL and to conduct basic sequencing automation research. This facility is novel because its development is based on existing standard biology laboratory equipment; thus, the development process is of interest to the many small laboratories trying to use automation to control costs and increase throughput. Before automation, biology Laboratory personnel purified DNA, completed cycle sequencing, and prepared 96-well sample plates with commercially available hardware designed specifically for each step in the process. Following purification and thermal cycling, an automated sequencing machine was used for the sequencing. A technician handled all movement of the 96-well sample plates between machines. To automate the process, ORNL is adding a CRS Robotics A- 465 arm, ABI 377 sequencing machine, automated centrifuge, automated refrigerator, and possibly an automated SpeedVac. The entire system will be integrated with one central controller that will direct each machine and the robot. The goal of this system is to completely automate the sequencing procedure from bacterial cell samples through ready-to-be-sequenced DNA and ultimately to completed sequence. The system will be flexible and will accommodate different chemistries than existing automated sequencing lines. The system will be expanded in the future to include colony picking and/or actual sequencing. This discrete event, DNA sequencing system will demonstrate that smaller sequencing labs can achieve cost-effective the laboratory grow.

  16. Astronaut Franklin R. Chang-Diaz, payload commander, is busy at the pilots station during operations (United States)


    Astronaut Franklin R. Chang-Diaz, payload commander, is busy at the pilots station during operations to deploy the Tethered Satellite System (TSS). His five crew mates (out of frame) were also on the flight deck, of the Earth-orbiting Space Shuttle Columbia, during the busy deployment activities.

  17. XML-based Web Services Technology to Implement a Prototype Command and Control System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ching-Show Lin


    Full Text Available A command and control system is a complex system of systems. For its ability to improvethe command and control efficiency and multiply operational capability, command and controlsystem investment is always a benchmark for military modernisation. However, most commandand control systems were independently developed, validated and approved as a stand-alonesolution to reflect service requirement rather than joint focused. These stovepipe systems notonly have an adverse impact on joint or coalition operation, but also are fairly difficult to integrateand interoperate effectively with other systems. To solve these problems, the study appliesXML standard to redefine the structured radar track and global positioning system (GPSpositioning data formats. Radar tracking data and GPS positioning data generator wereimplemented to simulate air and land targets. In addition, the static intelligence databases, suchas order of battle, were built for information exchange with other systems. Sensors, GPS, andintelligence web services, including simple object access protocol (SOAP and web servicedefinition language (WSDL are constructed to provide near-real-time static intelligence anddynamic track services. All relevant command and control centres may subscribe the necessaryservices from the service providers to work together with their own systems for mission needs.The implementation of result demonstrates XML-based web services technology and makescommand and control system integration easy, flexible, and cost effective.

  18. Africom at 5 years: The Maturation of a New U.S. Combatant Command (United States)


    friction between AFRICOM and U.S. Ambassadors, it has been largely operational in nature and due to the large numbers of AFRICOM temporary duty...conceptualization of AFRICOM, and resented the Command as yet another fait accompli hoist - ed on the continent by a superpower not inter- ested in listening to

  19. Command and Control Within the Framework of a Theory of Combat (United States)


    function Is specifically to distribute Force (as defined above) In time and space to accomplish combat missions. The JCS definition of C2 speaks of four...battle will have an eight-fold difference in actual potential that can be activated. Almost no skiil of command decision and execution on the field of

  20. 14 CFR 121.443 - Pilot in command qualification: Route and airports. (United States)


    ... airports. 121.443 Section 121.443 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... Pilot in command qualification: Route and airports. (a) Each certificate holder shall provide a system... to each airport and terminal area into which that person is to operate, and ensures that that...

  1. 14 CFR 135.299 - Pilot in command: Line checks: Routes and airports. (United States)


    ... airports. 135.299 Section 135.299 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... Crewmember Testing Requirements § 135.299 Pilot in command: Line checks: Routes and airports. (a) No...; and (3) Include takeoffs and landings at one or more representative airports. In addition to...

  2. 76 FR 69293 - U.S. Army Installation Management Command; Notice of Issuance of Director's Decision (United States)


    ... COMMISSION U.S. Army Installation Management Command; Notice of Issuance of Director's Decision Notice is... the possession, by the U.S. Army, of depleted uranium (DU), a source material, in spent spotting...) license. The Petition requested that the NRC take enforcement action against the U.S. Army by...

  3. Employment of Command and Control Systems within the U.S. Marine Corps (United States)

    Lang, Aaron B.


    The purpose of this study was to identify potential barriers to the effective employment of command and control (C2) systems to enhance warfighter readiness. Five research hypotheses guided this study, which addressed the perception of the effective employment of Marine Corps C2 systems based on demographic characteristics, which included:…

  4. STS-56 Commander Cameron, in LES, during JSC emergency egress training (United States)


    STS-56 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, Commander Kenneth Cameron, wearing launch and entry suit (LES), poses at the Crew Compartment Trainer (CCT) side hatch before climbing into the mockup. Cameron, along with the other STS-56 crewmembers, is participating in an emergency egress simulation at JSC's Mockup and Integration Laboratory (MAIL) Bldg 9NE.

  5. STS-56 Commander Cameron and Pilot Oswald on OV-103's forward flight deck (United States)


    During an STS-56 orbiter maneuver, Commander Kenneth Cameron (left), holding checklist, and Pilot Stephen S. Oswald man their respective stations on the forward flight deck of Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103. They are surrounded by forward flight deck windows and forward, center, and overhead control panels. A portable laptop computer is positioned on the forward window sill.

  6. General Matthew B. Ridgway: A Commander’s Maturation of Operational Art (United States)


    crossings near Neerpelt, Valkenswaard, Eindhoven , Son, St. Oedenrode, Veghel, and Uden, and insure the advantage of the Second British Army.”125 These...Combat jump into Normandy before D-Day August 1944 – Assigned command of the new XVIII Airborne Corps, led combat operations near Eindhoven , the

  7. A Basis for a Command, Control and Communications (C3) System Architecture for the Argentine Army (United States)


    needed on the bat- tlefield, Most commanders derive important situational clues by listening to how their subordinates sound in their verbal reports. F...0142 2 Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, CA 93943-5002 3. Estado Mayor General del Ejercito Argentino 5 Direccion de Comunicaciones Azopardo 250

  8. 76 FR 66051 - Availability of the Fiscal Year 2010 United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) Inventory... (United States)


    ... of the Secretary Availability of the Fiscal Year 2010 United States Special Operations Command... 2330a of Title 10 United States Code as amended by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal..., Defense Procurement and Acquisition Policy, Office of Strategic Sourcing (DPAP/SS) will make available to...

  9. 77 FR 38274 - Availability of the Fiscal Year 2011 United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) Inventory... (United States)


    ... of the Secretary Availability of the Fiscal Year 2011 United States Special Operations Command... 2330a of Title 10, United States Code as amended by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal... Acquisition Policy, Office of Strategic Sourcing (DPAP/SS) will make available to the public the first...

  10. The Red River War 1874-1875: Evidence of Operational Art and Mission Command (United States)


    and some fifteen hundred ponies to Colonel Ranald S. Mackenzie, the commander of the 4th Cavalry Regiment.2 The remaining Quahadi Comanche, four...four miles in which they killed three Indians and captured 1424 head of stock consisting of ponies , colts and mules. The advance companies were ordered

  11. Subsurface drainage pilot area experiences in three irrigated project commands of Andhra Pradesh in India

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Satyanarayana, T.V.; Boonstra, J.


    The introduction of irrigated agriculture in arid and semi-arid regions of India has resulted in the development of the twin problems of waterlogging and soil salinization, as a result of which considerable areas of canal commands have either gone out of production or experienced reduced crop yields

  12. Who’s In Charge: Command and Control of Military Forces During Domestic Emergencies (United States)


    in the South, the riots that occurred after the assassination of Martin Luther King , JR ., and the Rodney King riots in Los Angeles.47 A quote from a...officer could be a discriminating factor when selecting the dual-status commander. Additionally, consideration must be given as to whether or not an

  13. An objective method for selecting command sources for myoelectrically triggered lower-limb neuroprostheses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anirban Dutta, PhD


    Full Text Available Functional electrical stimulation (FES facilitates ambulatory function after paralysis of persons with spinal cord injury (SCI by exciting the peripheral motor nerves to activate the muscles of the lower limbs. This study identified a process for selecting command sources for triggering FES with the surface electromyogram (EMG from muscles partially paralyzed by incomplete SCI, given its high degree of intersubject variability. We found Discriminability Index (DI to be a good metric to evaluate the potential of controlling FES-assisted ambulation in four nondisabled volunteers and two participants with incomplete paralysis. The left erector spinae (ES (mean DI = 0.87 for triggering the left step and the right ES (mean DI = 0.83 for triggering the right step were the best command sources for participant 1. The left ES (mean DI = 0.93 for triggering the left step and the right medial gastrocnemius (mean DI = 0.88 for triggering the right step were the best command sources for participant 2. Our results showed that command sources can be selected objectively from surface EMG before a fully implantable EMG-triggered FES system for walking is implemented.

  14. Commande numérique de moteurs synchrones à aimants permanents de faible puissance (United States)

    Robyns, B.; Fu, Y.; Labrique, F.; Buyse, H.


    High performance motion control with permanent magnet synchronous actuators needs complex control strategies. These control strategies lead frequently to algorithms requiring powerful microprocessors for their digital implementation. In this paper, we consider an approach of the control of small power permanent magnets synchronous actuators which allows to design and to implement control algorithms requiring only a reduced computation power, while maintaining satisfactory static and dynamic performance and a good insensitivity to perturbations and parameter uncertainties. L'actionnement électrique à hautes performances par moteurs synchrones à aimants permanents impose des stratégies de commande évoluées liées au comportement dynamique complexe de ces machines. Ces stratégies de commande conduisent fréquemment à des algorithmes dont l'implantation numérique exige des microprocesseurs ayant une puissance de calcul élevée. Dans cet article, nous développons une approche du problème de la commande des moteurs synchrones à aimants permanents de faible puissance qui permet de concevoir et d'implanter des algorithmes de commande ne nécessitant qu'une puissance de calcul réduite, tout en garantissant des performances statiques et dynamiques satisfaisantes ainsi qu'une bonne insensibilité aux perturbations agissant sur le système et aux incertitudes sur les paramètres.

  15. United States Transportation Command: 10 Years of Excellence, 1987-1997 (United States)


    Military Sealift Command-chartered vessel at the port of Mogadishu, Somalia. 18 10 YEARS OF EXCELLENCE 1993 Acting Secretary of Defense Donald J. Atwood ...thanks are extended to James K. Matthews, Ph.D., and Margaret �Peg� Nigra for their help in the preparation of this book. Citations: In addition to

  16. "Operationalizing C2 agility”. Coping with complexity in command and control

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Oosthuizen, R


    Full Text Available Combat presents a complex system that requires effective management to ensure successful completion of missions. Management of own forces and other assets in the pursuit of mission objectives is performed by the Command and Control (C2) system...

  17. PISCES The Commander’s Tool for an Effective Exit Strategy (United States)


    Joint Operational Military Medical Conference in San Antonio, TX, 11 March, 2002). 7. W. P. Hamblet and J. G. Kline, “PDD 56 and Complex Contingency...Release, U.S. Army Special Operations Command.. Release 212-07. 16 May, 2003. Hamblet , W.P. and Kline, J.P

  18. Reexamining Ground SOF Command and Control: Does One Size Fit All (United States)


    open organizational design. This research examines how existing Marine Special Operations Forces, Army Special Operations Forces, and Naval Special...would be better influenced by an open organizational design. This research examines how existing Marine Special Operations Forces, Army Special...factors that this research did not address, such as command climate , fiscal resources, and logistics support available, etc. This research is not

  19. United States Special Operations Command Strategic Issues for the Long War (United States)


    for USSOCOM’s campaign plan. UNITED STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND STRATEGIC ISSUES FOR THE LONG WAR World order is more fundamental and primordial ... Soup to Nuts: Understanding the Elements of the Strategy The United States is a big, lumbering, pluralistic, affluent, liberal, democratic

  20. Should a Joint Logistics Command Be Developed to Support Contingency Operations (United States)


    logistical effort while sustaining the forces. In this study, the assumption was made that the industrial base and transportation sy5stems would provide...2 Future Contingency Operations............6 Logistica ~l Requirements of Unified Commanders............................... 8 Logistical...more I realize how it depends upon administration and transportation (what our American allies call logistics). It takes little skill or imagination

  1. Commander’s ’Right to Know’ Health Information: A Strategically Flawed Innovation (United States)


    provide a medical chart to a commander seeking to prove that a soldier is a homosexual . Ibid., 335. 34 44 Ibid., 347. 45 Regarding times when...ducation, relocation, parenting , [and] stress.‖ Military OneSource offers face-to-face, online and phone counseling. ―The service is completely private

  2. 78 FR 66261 - Certified Flight Instructor Flight Reviews; Recent Pilot in Command Experience; Airmen Online... (United States)


    .... DATES: The direct final rule published September 16, 2013, at 78 FR 56822, becomes effective on November... her competency at least once every two years, as discussed in 38 FR 3156 (February 1, 1973). Section... requirements'' for part 121 and part 135 operators and their pilots in command (59 FR 56385, November 14,...

  3. Control of Mobility Air Forces: Should the Director of Mobility Forces Command? (United States)


    but it is definitely not an operational cure -all. 29 Tunner, 174-175. 30 Tunner, 171. 17 31...42 Roger G. Miller, 103-105. 21 command relationship. While Vittles was a success it was not without its problems. The operational hiccups

  4. Neural blockade during exercise augments central command's contribution to carotid baroreflex resetting (United States)

    Querry, R. G.; Smith, S. A.; Stromstad, M.; Ide, K.; Raven, P. B.; Secher, N. H.


    This investigation was designed to determine central command's role on carotid baroreflex (CBR) resetting during exercise. Nine volunteer subjects performed static and rhythmic handgrip exercise at 30 and 40% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), respectively, before and after partial axillary neural blockade. Stimulus-response curves were developed using the neck pressure-neck suction technique and a rapid pulse train protocol (+40 to -80 Torr). Regional anesthesia resulted in a significant reduction in MVC. Heart rate (HR) and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were used as indexes of central command and were elevated during exercise at control force intensity after induced muscle weakness. The CBR function curves were reset vertically with a minimal lateral shift during control exercise and exhibited a further parallel resetting during exercise with neural blockade. The operating point was progressively reset to coincide with the centering point of the CBR curve. These data suggest that central command was a primary mechanism in the resetting of the CBR during exercise. However, it appeared that central command modulated the carotid-cardiac reflex proportionately more than the carotid-vasomotor reflex.

  5. Breaking the Bathsheba Syndrome: Building a Performance Evaluation System That Promotes Mission Command (United States)


    Mexicanos CGSC Command and General Staff College COM Center of Mass DOPMA Defense Officer Personnel Management Act IBM International Business...attributes of this philosophy. Summarizing Dempsey, disciplined initiative demands the artful combination of two often- competing character traits...the Army. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1964. Armler, Art . IBM Compensation Programs, Pay for Performance: Managing Pay Systems

  6. STS-26 Commander Hauck poses on shuttle mockup aft flight deck (United States)


    STS-26 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, Commander Frederick H. Hauck poses on shuttle mockup aft flight deck in the Shuttle Mockup and Integration Laboratory Bldg 9A. Hauck's right hand is propped on Onorbit Station control panel A2 remote manipulator system (RMS) translation hand control. Photograph was taken by Keith Meyers of the NEW YORK TIMES.

  7. USN/USMC Commander’s Quick Reference Handbook for Legal Issues (United States)


    forwarded by fax to the Office of Legislative Affairs ( OLA (C)), (703) 614-4172/4768 or DSN 224-4172. INFORMING CHAIN OF COMMAND: Check Senior...CRC) process based on OSD Memo dtd 10 MAR 10. Additional instruction and guidance is expected to be forthcoming. The IDC will make a determination

  8. 32 CFR 755.7 - Action where offenders are members of different commands. (United States)


    ... Action where offenders are members of different commands. (a) Action by common superior. The investigative report shall be forwarded to the common superior exercising general court-martial jurisdiction... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Action where offenders are members of...

  9. Using Arm and Hand Gestures to Command Robots during Stealth Operations (United States)

    Stoica, Adrian; Assad, Chris; Wolf, Michael; You, Ki Sung; Pavone, Marco; Huntsberger, Terry; Iwashita, Yumi


    Command of support robots by the warfighter requires intuitive interfaces to quickly communicate high degree-of-freedom (DOF) information while leaving the hands unencumbered. Stealth operations rule out voice commands and vision-based gesture interpretation techniques, as they often entail silent operations at night or in other low visibility conditions. Targeted at using bio-signal inputs to set navigation and manipulation goals for the robot (say, simply by pointing), we developed a system based on an electromyography (EMG) "BioSleeve", a high density sensor array for robust, practical signal collection from forearm muscles. The EMG sensor array data is fused with inertial measurement unit (IMU) data. This paper describes the BioSleeve system and presents initial results of decoding robot commands from the EMG and IMU data using a BioSleeve prototype with up to sixteen bipolar surface EMG sensors. The BioSleeve is demonstrated on the recognition of static hand positions (e.g. palm facing front, fingers upwards) and on dynamic gestures (e.g. hand wave). In preliminary experiments, over 90% correct recognition was achieved on five static and nine dynamic gestures. We use the BioSleeve to control a team of five LANdroid robots in individual and group/squad behaviors. We define a gesture composition mechanism that allows the specification of complex robot behaviors with only a small vocabulary of gestures/commands, and we illustrate it with a set of complex orders.

  10. Curriculum Evolution at Air Command and Staff College in the Post-Cold War Era (United States)

    Donovan, William Robert, II.


    This qualitative study used a historical research method to eliminate the gap in the historical knowledge of Air Command and Staff College (ACSC) curriculum evolution in the post-Cold War era. This study is the only known analysis of the forces that influenced the ACSC curriculum and the rationale behind curricular change at ACSC in the post-Cold…

  11. Mission Command: Reconciling the ARFORGEN Model with Training Doctrine and the Current Operating Environment (United States)


    mentor, Dr. John Gordon, played an integral role in the development of my topic and demonstrated great patience as I plodded through the writing...the Yom Kippur War, Generals William DePuy and Donn Starry initiated a transformation toward a mission command centered doctrine, AirLand Battle. In

  12. Command and Control (C2) Survey of Short-Range Air Defense (SHORAD) Elements. (United States)


    bounds on the responses are within +4.5 percentage points N or a frequency count of about 6 ( Scheaffer , Mendenhall, & Ott, 1979). Procedures The...air defense command and control (SHORAD G4 ) system. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: U.S. Army Human Engineering Laboratory. 9. Scheaffer , R. L

  13. 76 FR 11308 - Notification of Pilot-in-Command; Notice of Public Meeting (United States)


    ... information regarding Notification to Pilot in Command (NOPICs) (see 49 CFR 175.33 and ICAO TI 7;4.1). The International Civil Aviation Organization's (ICAO) Dangerous Goods Panel has begun to examine this issue and....1 of the ICAO Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (ICAO TI)....

  14. Command of the Sea: An Old Concept Resurfaces in a New Form (United States)


    maritime trading democracies, such command underpinned the achievement of the Bretton Woods accords of 1944 and the subsequent evolution of the United States in 1945, China would, to a significant degree, rob the United States of that com- mand necessary to underpin the Bretton Woods

  15. Toward the Twenty-first Century: Air Command and Staff College Curriculum from Theory to Practice. (United States)

    Butler, Stephen L.

    Responding to a perceived need resulting from the collapse of the Soviet Union, the dismantling of the Berlin Wall, and the end of the Cold War, the Air Command and Staff College (ACSC) at Maxwell Air Force Base (Alabama) revised its curriculum. Data for the descriptive study were gathered through interviews of the leadership of the school and…

  16. A framework for the Subaru Telescope observation control system based on the command design pattern (United States)

    Jeschke, Eric; Bon, Bruce; Inagaki, Takeshi; Streeper, Sam


    Subaru Telescope is developing a second-generation Observation Control System that specifically addresses some of the deficiencies of the current Subaru OCS. One area of concern is better extensibility: the current system uses a custom language for implementing commands with a complex macro processing subsystem written in C. It is laborious to improve the language and awkward for scientists to extend and use standard programming techniques. Our Generation 2 OCS provides a lightweight, object-oriented task framework based on the Command design pattern. The framework provides a base task class that abstracts services for processing status and other common infrastructure activities. Upon this are built and provided a set of "atomic" tasks for telescope and instrument commands. A set of "container" tasks based on common sequential and concurrent command processing paradigms is also included. Since all tasks share the same exact interface, it is straightforward to build up compound tasks by plugging simple tasks into container tasks and container tasks into other containers, and so forth. In this way various advanced astronomical workflows can be readily created, with well controlled behaviors. In addition, since tasks are written in Python, it is easy for astronomers to subclass and extend the standard observatory tasks with their own custom extensions and behaviors, in a high-level, full-featured programming language. In this talk we will provide an overview of the task framework design and present preliminary results on the use of the framework during two separate engineering runs.

  17. Environmental Assessment: Construction and Operation of Security Forces & Command Post / Installation Control Center Facilities (United States)


    Operation of Security Forces &Command Post/ICC Facilities January 03, 2008 91 6.0 PERSONS CONTACTED Russell Adams – 78th CEG/CEVQ Larry J. Allen...fPD believes the proposed project will have no adverse effect on Building 300, as defined in 36 CFR Parr 800.5(d)(l). Please note that historic and

  18. 75 FR 22561 - Federal Advisory Committee; United States Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group; Charter... (United States)


    ..., intelligence, and policy-related matters of interest to the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the U.S. Strategic..., communications, intelligence and information operations, or other important aspects of the Nation's strategic... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; United States Strategic Command Strategic Advisory...

  19. Sea piracy - can AFRICOM save the Gulf of Guinea; The US command for Africa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nodland, Arild


    The article discusses the rise in piracy in African sea regions and the importance for the petroleum sector and mentions Nigeria in particular where the security level has been increased as a result of the problems. The role of the new US command for Africa, AFRICOM, is discussed and various aspects of maritime security are mentioned (tk)

  20. The Imperative to Integrate Air Force Command and Control Systems into Maritime Plans (United States)


    accurate surface picture and an institutionally joint culture , the E-8C is ideally suited and al- ready vetted to complement the sea services’ own... ZULU .” July–August 2014 Air & Space Power Journal | 116 Dalman, Kopp, & Redman Air Force Command and Control Systems in Maritime Plans Feature 18

  1. 14 CFR 61.58 - Pilot-in-command proficiency check: Operation of aircraft requiring more than one pilot flight... (United States)


    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Pilot-in-command proficiency check: Operation of aircraft requiring more than one pilot flight crewmember. 61.58 Section 61.58 Aeronautics and...: PILOTS, FLIGHT INSTRUCTORS, AND GROUND INSTRUCTORS General § 61.58 Pilot-in-command proficiency...

  2. 32 CFR 770.31 - List of major naval installations in the State of Hawaii and cognizant commanders authorized to... (United States)


    ..., Pearl Harbor complex, and the waters of Pearl Harbor). Contact: Commander, Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, HI 96860. (2) Naval Western Oceanography Center, Pearl Harbor. Contact: Commanding Officer, Naval Western Oceanography Center, Box 113, Pearl Harbor, HI 96860. (3) Naval Air Station, Barbers Point. Contact:...

  3. 78 FR 67131 - Notice of Advisory Committee Closed Meeting; U.S. Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group (United States)


    ... of the Secretary Notice of Advisory Committee Closed Meeting; U.S. Strategic Command Strategic... Committee meeting of the U.S. Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group. DATES: December 10, 2013, from 8... meeting is to provide advice on scientific, technical, intelligence, and policy-related issues to...

  4. 78 FR 17924 - U.S. Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group; Notice of Federal Advisory Committee Closed Meeting (United States)


    ... Office of the Secretary U.S. Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group; Notice of Federal Advisory.... Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group. DATES: April 18, 2013, from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. ADDRESSES... meeting is to provide advice on scientific, technical, intelligence, and policy-related issues to...

  5. Anomaly Detection in Sequences (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — We present a set of novel algorithms which we call sequenceMiner, that detect and characterize anomalies in large sets of high-dimensional symbol sequences that...

  6. DNA sequencing conference, 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cook-Deegan, R.M. [Georgetown Univ., Kennedy Inst. of Ethics, Washington, DC (United States); Venter, J.C. [National Inst. of Neurological Disorders and Strokes, Bethesda, MD (United States); Gilbert, W. [Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States); Mulligan, J. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States); Mansfield, B.K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)


    This conference focused on DNA sequencing, genetic linkage mapping, physical mapping, informatics and bioethics. Several were used to study this sequencing and mapping. This article also discusses computer hardware and software aiding in the mapping of genes.

  7. Roles of repetitive sequences

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bell, G.I.


    The DNA of higher eukaryotes contains many repetitive sequences. The study of repetitive sequences is important, not only because many have important biological function, but also because they provide information on genome organization, evolution and dynamics. In this paper, I will first discuss some generic effects that repetitive sequences will have upon genome dynamics and evolution. In particular, it will be shown that repetitive sequences foster recombination among, and turnover of, the elements of a genome. I will then consider some examples of repetitive sequences, notably minisatellite sequences and telomere sequences as examples of tandem repeats, without and with respectively known function, and Alu sequences as an example of interspersed repeats. Some other examples will also be considered in less detail.

  8. Roles of repetitive sequences

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bell, G.I.


    The DNA of higher eukaryotes contains many repetitive sequences. The study of repetitive sequences is important, not only because many have important biological function, but also because they provide information on genome organization, evolution and dynamics. In this paper, I will first discuss some generic effects that repetitive sequences will have upon genome dynamics and evolution. In particular, it will be shown that repetitive sequences foster recombination among, and turnover of, the elements of a genome. I will then consider some examples of repetitive sequences, notably minisatellite sequences and telomere sequences as examples of tandem repeats, without and with respectively known function, and Alu sequences as an example of interspersed repeats. Some other examples will also be considered in less detail.

  9. sequenceMiner algorithm (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Detecting and describing anomalies in large repositories of discrete symbol sequences. sequenceMiner has been open-sourced! Download the file below to try it out....

  10. Enhanced virome sequencing using targeted sequence capture. (United States)

    Wylie, Todd N; Wylie, Kristine M; Herter, Brandi N; Storch, Gregory A


    Metagenomic shotgun sequencing (MSS) is an important tool for characterizing viral populations. It is culture independent, requires no a priori knowledge of the viruses in the sample, and may provide useful genomic information. However, MSS can lack sensitivity and may yield insufficient data for detailed analysis. We have created a targeted sequence capture panel, ViroCap, designed to enrich nucleic acid from DNA and RNA viruses from 34 families that infect vertebrate hosts. A computational approach condensed ∼1 billion bp of viral reference sequence into <200 million bp of unique, representative sequence suitable for targeted sequence capture. We compared the effectiveness of detecting viruses in standard MSS versus MSS following targeted sequence capture. First, we analyzed two sets of samples, one derived from samples submitted to a diagnostic virology laboratory and one derived from samples collected in a study of fever in children. We detected 14 and 18 viruses in the two sets, comprising 19 genera from 10 families, with dramatic enhancement of genome representation following capture enrichment. The median fold-increases in percentage viral reads post-capture were 674 and 296. Median breadth of coverage increased from 2.1% to 83.2% post-capture in the first set and from 2.0% to 75.6% in the second set. Next, we analyzed samples containing a set of diverse anellovirus sequences and demonstrated that ViroCap could be used to detect viral sequences with up to 58% variation from the references used to select capture probes. ViroCap substantially enhances MSS for a comprehensive set of viruses and has utility for research and clinical applications.

  11. DNA sequences encoding erythropoietin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lin, F.K.


    A purified and isolated DNA sequence is described consisting essentially of a DNA sequence encoding a polypeptide having an amino acid sequence sufficiently duplicative of that of erythropoietin to allow possession of the biological property of causing bone marrow cells to increase production of reticulocytes and red blood cells, and to increase hemoglobin synthesis or iron uptake.

  12. Non-linear commands of DC to DC converters based on neural networks; Commandes non-lineaires des convertisseurs continu-continus a base de reseaux de neurones

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jammes, B. [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), 31 - Toulouse (France). Laboratoire d`Analyse et d`Architecture des Systemes; Dragos, A. [Bucharest Univ. Politechnica (Romania)


    In this paper, artificial neural networks are used to elaborate non-linear control of the average output voltage of Buck and Boost converters. The training of the regulator is based on the adjustment technique used by indirect adaptative command structures. These techniques require a system model and performances of inputs/outputs and state models are compared. It is shown that this approach allows to generate non-linear regulators for the converters under study, but it is preferable to introduce some modifications in order to facilitate the training of the regulator. (J.S.) 4 refs.

  13. Low autocorrelation binary sequences (United States)

    Packebusch, Tom; Mertens, Stephan


    Binary sequences with minimal autocorrelations have applications in communication engineering, mathematics and computer science. In statistical physics they appear as groundstates of the Bernasconi model. Finding these sequences is a notoriously hard problem, that so far can be solved only by exhaustive search. We review recent algorithms and present a new algorithm that finds optimal sequences of length N in time O(N {1.73}N). We computed all optimal sequences for N≤slant 66 and all optimal skewsymmetric sequences for N≤slant 119.

  14. Repdigits in -Lucas Sequences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Jhon J J Bravo; Florian Luca


    For an integer ≥ 2, let $(L_n^{(k)})_n$ be the -Lucas sequence which starts with $0,\\ldots,0,2,1$ ( terms) and each term afterwards is the sum of the preceding terms. In 2000, Luca (Port. Math. 57(2) 2000 243-254) proved that 11 is the largest number with only one distinct digit (the so-called repdigit) in the sequence $(L_n^{(2)})_n$. In this paper, we address a similar problem in the family of -Lucas sequences. We also show that the -Lucas sequences have similar properties to those of -Fibonacci sequences and occur in formulae simultaneously with the latter.

  15. On Maximal Green Sequences

    CERN Document Server

    Brüstle, Thomas; Pérotin, Matthieu


    Maximal green sequences are particular sequences of quiver mutations which were introduced by Keller in the context of quantum dilogarithm identities and independently by Cecotti-Cordova-Vafa in the context of supersymmetric gauge theory. Our aim is to initiate a systematic study of these sequences from a combinatorial point of view. Interpreting maximal green sequences as paths in various natural posets arising in representation theory, we prove the finiteness of the number of maximal green sequences for cluster finite quivers, affine quivers and acyclic quivers with at most three vertices. We also give results concerning the possible numbers and lengths of these maximal green sequences. Finally we describe an algorithm for computing maximal green sequences for arbitrary valued quivers which we used to obtain numerous explicit examples that we present.

  16. Control of cricket stridulation by a command neuron: efficacy depends on the behavioral state. (United States)

    Hedwig, B


    Crickets use different song patterns for acoustic communication. The stridulatory pattern-generating networks are housed within the thoracic ganglia but are controlled by the brain. This descending control of stridulation was identified by intracellular recordings and stainings of brain neurons. Its impact on the generation of calling song was analyzed both in resting and stridulating crickets and during cercal wind stimulation, which impaired the stridulatory movements and caused transient silencing reactions. A descending interneuron in the brain serves as a command neuron for calling-song stridulation. The neuron has a dorsal soma position, anterior dendritic processes, and an axon that descends in the contralateral connective. The neuron is present in each side of the CNS. It is not activated in resting crickets. Intracellular depolarization of the interneuron so that its spike frequency is increased to 60-80 spikes/s reliably elicits calling-song stridulation. The spike frequency is modulated slightly in the chirp cycle with the maximum activity in phase with each chirp. There is a high positive correlation between the chirp repetition rate and the interneuron's spike frequency. Only a very weak correlation, however, exists between the syllable repetition rate and the interneuron activity. The effectiveness of the command neuron depends on the activity state of the cricket. In resting crickets, experimentally evoked short bursts of action potentials elicit only incomplete calling-song chirps. In crickets that previously had stridulated during the experiment, short elicitation of interneuron activity can trigger sustained calling songs during which the interneuron exhibits a spike frequency of approximately 30 spikes/s. During sustained calling songs, the command neuron activity is necessary to maintain the stridulatory behavior. Inhibition of the interneuron stops stridulation. A transient increase in the spike frequency of the interneuron speeds up the chirp

  17. [Producing a sequence of movements in response to a sequence of visual stimuli. Inter-individual differences in early phase of sequence learning]. (United States)

    Kurganskiĭ, A V; Grigal, P P


    In this work, we studied the inter-individual variants at the early stage of serial learning in the sequence reproduction task where subjects were asked to produce a sequence of movements whose serial order was given by the sequence of visual stimuli. A total of 20 adults participated in the experiment where, besides the sequence reproduction task, each subject also performed the simple visuomotor reaction time task, the choice reaction time task and the serial reaction time task. It was found that individual latencies vs. trial number plots (learning curves) were characterized by one distinctive feature: the latency reduction, if any, took a form of either an abrupt decline down to a stationary level (fast phase) or a gradual approximately linear leveling off over the entire block of 60 trials (slow phase). The diversity of the individual learning curves were limited to the following four types: a flat curve, a curve with the fast phase only, a curve with the slow phase only, and a curve that combined both phases with the leading fast phase followed by the slow phase. All the subjects were subdivided into four groups according to the subject's type of learning curve. We analyzed the correlation pattern between temporal indices (latencies and inter-response intervals) and compared these indices to simple visuomotor reaction time, choice reaction time and the amount of learning in the serial reaction time task. The significant between-group differences found in this analysis suggest that there are some essential functional differences related to the group break up. It was suggested that inter-individual variants in the character of the early stage of sequence learning are determined mainly by the functional and structural complexity of the internal representation of the sequence and by the way the working memory operates in order to recognize the driving sequence of visual stimuli and to translate the internal representation of a sequence into motor commands.

  18. Project Hermes 'Use of Smartphones for Receiving Telemetry and Commanding a Satellite' (United States)

    Maharaja, Rishabh (Principal Investigator)


    TCPIP protocols can be applied for satellite command, control, and data transfer. Project Hermes was an experiment set-up to test the use of the TCPIP protocol for communicating with a space bound payload. The idea was successfully demonstrated on high altitude balloon flights and on a sub-orbital sounding rocket launched from NASAs Wallops Flight Facility. TCPIP protocols can be applied for satellite command, control, and data transfer. Project Hermes was an experiment set-up to test the use of the TCPIP protocol for communicating with a space bound payload. The idea was successfully demonstrated on high altitude balloon flights and on a sub-orbital sounding rocket launched from NASAs Wallops Flight Facility.

  19. Windows命令行革命——Microsoft Command Shell

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    从DOS时代、Windows时代一路走来,相信大家一定都用过、Cmd.exe命令。他们分别应用于DOS/Windows 98、Windows 2000/2003/XP/NT系统。随着微软下一代操作系统Windows Vista的即将推出,Windows下一代命令行工具也初露端倪。这不,微软件已经发布了代号为Monad的Microsoft Command Shell命令行工具(简称MSH)的Beta 2版本,该工具到底有何神通广大之处呢?下文将给你详细介绍。

  20. Command Filtered Adaptive Fuzzy Neural Network Backstepping Control for Marine Power System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin Zhang


    Full Text Available In order to retrain chaotic oscillation of marine power system which is excited by periodic electromagnetism perturbation, a novel command-filtered adaptive fuzzy neural network backstepping control method is designed. First, the mathematical model of marine power system is established based on the two parallel nonlinear model. Then, main results of command-filtered adaptive fuzzy neural network backstepping control law are given. And the Lyapunov stability theory is applied to prove that the system can remain closed-loop asymptotically stable with this controller. Finally, simulation results indicate that the designed controller can suppress chaotic oscillation with fast convergence speed that makes the system return to the equilibrium point quickly; meanwhile, the parameter which induces chaotic oscillation can also be discriminated.

  1. Adaptive Command-Filtered Backstepping Control for Linear Induction Motor via Projection Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenxu Yan


    Full Text Available A theoretical framework of the position control for linear induction motors (LIM has been proposed. First, indirect field-oriented control of LIM is described. Then, the backstepping approach is used to ensure the convergence and robustness of the proposed control scheme against the external time-varying disturbances via Lyapunov stability theory. At the same time, in order to solve the differential expansion and the control saturation problems in the traditional backstepping, command filter is designed in the control and compensating signals are presented to eliminate the influence of the errors caused by command filters. Next, unknown total mass of the mover, viscous friction, and load disturbances are estimated by the projection-based adaptive law which bounds the estimated function and simultaneously guarantees the robustness of the proposed controller against the parameter uncertainties. Finally, simulation results are given to illustrate the validity and potential of the designed control scheme.

  2. Commande LQR d'une flotte de multiples véhicules aériens



    National audience; Dans ce papier, nous proposons une perspective globale du problème de flotte de drones aériens. L'idée est d'utiliser des lois de commande basée sur l'approche LQR pour stabiliser la flotte en formation de multiples véhicules aériens (UAVs). Nous avons reformulé l'approche de formation d'une flotte comme un problème de génération de référence plutôt qu'un problème de commande. Une dynamique simple du véhicule aérien, i.e. un double intégrateur a été utilisé. Le système comp...

  3. Team Leader Structuring for Team Effectiveness and Team Learning in Command-and-Control Teams (United States)

    van der Haar, Selma; Koeslag-Kreunen, Mieke; Euwe, Eline; Segers, Mien


    Due to their crucial and highly consequential task, it is of utmost importance to understand the levers leading to effectiveness of multidisciplinary emergency management command-and-control (EMCC) teams. We argue that the formal EMCC team leader needs to initiate structure in the team meetings to support organizing the work as well as facilitate team learning, especially the team learning process of constructive conflict. In a sample of 17 EMCC teams performing a realistic EMCC exercise, including one or two team meetings (28 in sum), we coded the team leader’s verbal structuring behaviors (1,704 events), rated constructive conflict by external experts, and rated team effectiveness by field experts. Results show that leaders of effective teams use structuring behaviors more often (except asking procedural questions) but decreasingly over time. They support constructive conflict by clarifying and by making summaries that conclude in a command or decision in a decreasing frequency over time. PMID:28490856

  4. Recognition of voice commands using adaptation of foreign language speech recognizer via selection of phonetic transcriptions (United States)

    Maskeliunas, Rytis; Rudzionis, Vytautas


    In recent years various commercial speech recognizers have become available. These recognizers provide the possibility to develop applications incorporating various speech recognition techniques easily and quickly. All of these commercial recognizers are typically targeted to widely spoken languages having large market potential; however, it may be possible to adapt available commercial recognizers for use in environments where less widely spoken languages are used. Since most commercial recognition engines are closed systems the single avenue for the adaptation is to try set ways for the selection of proper phonetic transcription methods between the two languages. This paper deals with the methods to find the phonetic transcriptions for Lithuanian voice commands to be recognized using English speech engines. The experimental evaluation showed that it is possible to find phonetic transcriptions that will enable the recognition of Lithuanian voice commands with recognition accuracy of over 90%.

  5. Agile battle management efficiency for command, control, communications, computers and intelligence (C4I) (United States)

    Blasch, Erik; Bélanger, Micheline


    Various operations such as civil-military co-operation (CIMIC) affairs require orchestration of communications, assets, and actors. A key component includes technology advancements to enable coordination among people and machines the ability to know where things are, who to coordinate with, and open and consistent lines of communication. In this paper, we explore concepts of battle management (BM) to support high-tempo emergency response scenarios such as a disaster action response team (DART). Three concepts highlighted of agile battle management (ABM) include source orchestration (e.g., sensors and domains), battle management language (BML) development (e.g., software and ontologies), and command and control (C2) coordination (e.g., people and visualization); which require correlation and de-confliction. These concepts of ABM support the physical, information, and cognitive domains for efficient command, control, communications, and information (C3I) to synchronize data and people for efficient and effective operations.

  6. Encode the "STOP" command by photo-stimulation for precise control of rat-robot. (United States)

    Chen, Sicong; Qu, Yi; Guo, Songchao; Shi, Zhaoyue; Xu, Kedi; Zheng, Xiaoxiang


    Studies on behavior control are important for bio-robots designation. For auto or manual navigation of the bio-robots, the accuracy of the command execution is especially critical. In this paper, we reported a precise "STOP" command for the rat-robots by optical stimulation of the central nervous system (CNS). We labeled dorsolateral periaqueductal gray (dlPAG) neurons with light sensitive channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) and directly probed the optical fiber to reactivate these neurons. The rats showed freezing behavior only upon the optical stimulation with an appropriate range of laser intensity and stimulation frequency. Neuron spikes and local field potential (LFP) were simultaneously recorded with optical stimulation by optrodes on free moving rat-robots. Together, our findings demonstrated the utility of deep brain optical stimulation for the stopping behavior of rat-robot control and indicated a potential application of optogenetics for precise control of bio-robots in further work.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GOANȚĂ Adrian Mihai


    Full Text Available The paper aims to approach commands for the automatic generation of cylindrical gears with right teeth and involute profile that can be used to obtain further cylindrical gears. The following software is investigated: NX 7.5 and Inventor Professional 2011. The author presents in detailed analysis if the software itself contains instructions for generating gears or require an additional patch. The paper presents the results of applying those commands and direct or indirect possibilities of obtaining a cylindrical gear with right/straight teeth. After a thorough study, the conclusions are drawn about the strengths and weaknesses of each software in use, and recommendations are made in accordance with the author’s opinions.

  8. Team Leader Structuring for Team Effectiveness and Team Learning in Command-and-Control Teams. (United States)

    van der Haar, Selma; Koeslag-Kreunen, Mieke; Euwe, Eline; Segers, Mien


    Due to their crucial and highly consequential task, it is of utmost importance to understand the levers leading to effectiveness of multidisciplinary emergency management command-and-control (EMCC) teams. We argue that the formal EMCC team leader needs to initiate structure in the team meetings to support organizing the work as well as facilitate team learning, especially the team learning process of constructive conflict. In a sample of 17 EMCC teams performing a realistic EMCC exercise, including one or two team meetings (28 in sum), we coded the team leader's verbal structuring behaviors (1,704 events), rated constructive conflict by external experts, and rated team effectiveness by field experts. Results show that leaders of effective teams use structuring behaviors more often (except asking procedural questions) but decreasingly over time. They support constructive conflict by clarifying and by making summaries that conclude in a command or decision in a decreasing frequency over time.

  9. Interleaving Commands: a Threat to the Interoperability of Smartcard Based Security Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Talamo, Maurizio; Schunck, Christian H; Arcieri, Franco


    Although smartcards are widely used, secure smartcard interoperability has remained a significant challenge. Usually each manufacturer provides a closed environment for their smartcard based applications including the microchip, associated firmware and application software. While the security of this "package" can be tested and certified for example based on the Common Criteria, the secure and convenient interoperability with other smartcards and smartcard applications is not guaranteed. Ideally one would have a middleware that can support various smartcards and smartcard applications. In our ongoing research we study this scenario with the goal to develop a way to certify secure smartcard interoperability in such an environment. Here we discuss and experimentally demonstrate one critical security problem: if several smartcards are connected via a middleware it is possible that a smartcard of type S receives commands that were supposed to be executed on a different smartcard of type S'. Such "external command...

  10. A Systems Modeling Approach for Risk Management of Command File Errors (United States)

    Meshkat, Leila


    The main cause of commanding errors is often (but not always) due to procedures. Either lack of maturity in the processes, incompleteness of requirements or lack of compliance to these procedures. Other causes of commanding errors include lack of understanding of system states, inadequate communication, and making hasty changes in standard procedures in response to an unexpected event. In general, it's important to look at the big picture prior to making corrective actions. In the case of errors traced back to procedures, considering the reliability of the process as a metric during its' design may help to reduce risk. This metric is obtained by using data from Nuclear Industry regarding human reliability. A structured method for the collection of anomaly data will help the operator think systematically about the anomaly and facilitate risk management. Formal models can be used for risk based design and risk management. A generic set of models can be customized for a broad range of missions.

  11. Mechanized azobenzene-functionalized zirconium metal-organic framework for on-command cargo release (United States)

    Meng, Xiangshi; Gui, Bo; Yuan, Daqiang; Zeller, Matthias; Wang, Cheng


    Stimuli-responsive metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have gained increasing attention recently for their potential applications in many areas. We report the design and synthesis of a water-stable zirconium MOF (Zr-MOF) that bears photoresponsive azobenzene groups. This particular MOF can be used as a reservoir for storage of cargo in water, and the cargo-loaded MOF can be further capped to construct a mechanized MOF through the binding of β-cyclodextrin with the azobenzene stalks on the MOF surface. The resulting mechanized MOF has shown on-command cargo release triggered by ultraviolet irradiation or addition of competitive agents without premature release. This study represents a simple approach to the construction of stimuli-responsive mechanized MOFs, and considering mechanized UiO-68-azo made from biocompatible components, this smart system may provide a unique MOF platform for on-command drug delivery in the future. PMID:27493996

  12. The Glass Ceiling - A Question of Joint Officer Development - Why Only Five USAF Geographic Combatant Commanders? (United States)


    26-07-2010 2. REPORT TYPE Master’s Thesis 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) 26-07-2010 to 17-06-2011 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE The Glass Ceiling -- A...SCHOOL THE GLASS CEILING – A QUESTION OF JOINT OFFICER DEVELOPMENT – WHY ONLY FIVE USAF GEOGRAPHIC COMBATANT COMMANDERS? by David M...decision making skills to senior military and civilian leaders. In doing so, the USAF can finally shatter and eliminate the glass ceiling , that only

  13. Command and Control of Special Operations Aviation: Time for a Change (United States)


    coordination or aircraft deconfliction as a significant issue. The actions of TF Ranger during Operation GOTHIC SERPENT in Somalia is the final...examples. However, a significant difference between the previous two operations listed and GOTHIC SERPENT was the time sensitive and dynamic nature of... GOTHIC SERPENT proved essential for prosecuting time sensitive targets (TSTs). A command relationship of ARSOA as a subordinate element in the JSOTF also

  14. Technology complementing military psychology programs and services in the Pacific Regional Medical Command. (United States)

    Stetz, Melba C; Folen, Raymond A; Van Horn, Sandra; Ruseborn, Daniel; Samuel, Kevin M


    The Tripler Army Medical Center is the only federal tertiary care hospital serving the Pacific Regional Medical Command. Due to Tripler's large area of responsibility, many behavioral health professionals are starting to employ more technology during their sessions. As explained in this article, virtual reality and telepsychology efforts are proving to benefit military service members and their families in the Pacific Rim. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved.

  15. Gathering Ideas Online: Results of the Navy Personnel Command (NPC) Telework Virtual Suggestion Box (United States)


    participate in telecommuting (another term for telework), and in 2001, the Under Secretary of Defense memorandum provided a policy for telework within...through shared computers), the desire to go “green” (e.g., less driving of employees), increased productivity (e.g., working while quarantined, working...Manpower, Personnel, Training and Education Telecommuting (Telework) Program (CHNAVPERSNOTE 5330). Washington, DC: Author. Commander, Navy

  16. Assessing the Utility of Work Team Theory in a Unified Command Environment at Catastrophic Incidents (United States)


    Key to Unified Command. Fire Management Notes, Vol. 49, Number 1; (1988), pp. 8-9. North, Robert C.; Koch, Jr., Howard E.; Zinnes , Dina A., The...announced its intent to issue a tentative interim agreement this 98 North, Robert C.; Koch, Jr., Howard ...E.; Zinnes , Dina A. “The Integrative Functions of Conflict,” The Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 4, No. 3, (Sept., 1960), 355-374 (355). 64

  17. Enhancement of the Logistics Battle Command Model: Architecture Upgrades and Attrition Module Development (United States)


    DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. TRAC-M-TM-17-010 January 2017 Enhancement of the Logistics ...17-010 January 2017 Enhancement of the Logistics Battle Command Model Architecture Upgrades and Attrition Module Development Nathan Parker... cost the Department of Defense approximately $191,000 expended by TRAC in Fiscal Years 15-17. Prepared on 20170106 TRAC Project Code # 060119 iii

  18. Program Executive Office Command, Control and Communications-Tactical Program Review & Vision Guide (United States)


    enhanced version, Joint Capabilities Release ( JCR ) to operational units in January. In response to requirements for faster position command and control, how your plan unfolds and how you execute.” The next iteration of FBCB2, known as Joint Capabilities Release ( JCR ), began...information through Tactical Ground Reporting (TIGR), so users can better plan maneuvers while on-the-move. The JCR upgrades are part of Capability

  19. Command and Control for Distributed Operations: An Analysis of Possible Technologies, Structure and Employment (United States)


    Area of Operations AODV Add-hoc On-demand Distance Vector AP Access Point ARP Address Resolution Protocol C2CE Command and Control...could bridge existing technologies with emerging mesh routing protocols to greatly expand communications. This test demonstrated the successful...architecture using emerging Commercial off the Shelf (COTS) Radio Frequency to Internet- Protocol (RF to IP) technologies that would further advance the

  20. UAVs for the Operational Commander: Don’t Ground MAV (Manned Aerial Vehicles)! (United States)


    start, taxi, launch, recover and park aircraft on the deck. 78 Studies highlight many gesture recognition difficulties associated with dynamic...American Helicopter Society, 2007). 78 --. CV NATOPS Manual. (Lakehurst, NJ: Naval Air Systems Command, 2007). 79 Venetsky, Larry. Gesture Recognition for...Venetsky, Larry, Mark Husni and Mark Yager. Gesture Recognition for UCAV-N Flight Deck Operations. Problem Definition Final Report. Lakehurst, NJ

  1. United States Army Armor Center and Fort Knox. 1996 Annual Command History, (United States)


    development that embraced the importance of heavy, mobile forces dominating the battlefield through use of advanced technologies. Secretary of Defense Les...during the Gulf War. In particular, Force XXI embraced the value of large-scale maneuver warfare in which mobile heavy forces possessing high...command authority over the related funding. In the context of Army digitization, TRADOC now had the power to push the development of new techonologies

  2. The Confederate Command During the Fort Henry-Fort Donelson Campaign, February 1862. (United States)


    30/R, 359-390. " Ezra J. Warner, Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959...left Camp Halleck at 11:00 A.M. on February 6th, and in just over two hours the gunboats pounded Fort Henry into submission. Led by Tilghman, the...Ward, Geoffrey C. The Civil War: An Illustrated History. New York: Alfred A. Knoff, Inc., 1990. Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray, Lives of

  3. STS-56 Commander Cameron, in LES, with sky genie during JSC egress training (United States)


    STS-56 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, Commander Kenneth Cameron, wearing launch and entry suit (LES), gives the sky-genie escape device a tug as training instructor Kenneth D. Trujillo holds it in position and explains its operation. Cameron, along with the other STS-56 crewmembers, is briefed on emergency egress procedures at JSC's Mockup and Integration Laboratory (MAIL) Bldg 9NE prior to a training simulation. The sky-genie is carried on all Space Shuttle flights for emergency egress purposes.

  4. STS-56 Commander Cameron and Pilot Oswald at CCT hatch during JSC training (United States)


    STS-56 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, Commander Kenneth Cameron (right) and Pilot Stephen S. Oswald, wearing launch and entry suits (LESs), stand at the side hatch of the crew compartment trainer (CCT), a shuttle mockup, prior to entering the mockup. Once inside the CCT, they will don their launch and entry helmets (LEHs) and participate in emergency egress (bailout) procedures. The CCT is located in JSC's Mockup and Integration Laboratory (MAIL) Bldg 9NE.

  5. The Navy’s Moral Compass: Commanding Officers and Personal Misconduct (United States)


    surface, aviation, submarine, and other (including special warfare, Medical or Supply Corps, human resources , etc.). Each case is categorized by the...THE NAVY’S MORAL COMPASS Captain Light is a member of the faculty in the De- partment of Command, Leadership and Manage - ment at the U.S. Army War...caring, and citizenship.33 Closely related to character is ethics, the set of “standards of behavior that tell us how human beings ought to act in

  6. Programmatic-methodical providing of preparation of student commands on basketball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Troyan V.M.


    Full Text Available Basic directions of perfection of sporting preparation of student team are considered on basketball. The terms of effective education of personality of student are selected. The positive and subzero aspects of forms of physical preparation of sportsmen are rotined. The ways of rational development and use of natural capabilities of sportsman are certain in his professional and public activity. It is presented programmatic-methodical providing of training process of student commands in the institutes of higher of Russia.

  7. AFRICOM: Reconstruction and Stability through the Provisional Reconstruction Team-Enhanced, Enabled by Unity of Command (United States)


    Colonial governments established within Africa did very little to establish African governance and 108 to develop civil societies ( Putman 2008, 6...for its future ( Putman 2008, 16). PRT-Es must have a clear, unified chain of command in order to achieve unity of effort. They must have access to...Library of Congress. Putman , Diana. 2008. Combating African questions about the legitimacy of AFRICOM. Strategy Research Project, Carlisle: U.S

  8. Reforming Military Command Arrangements: The Case of the Rapid Deployment Joint Task Force (United States)


    Vietnam War and the Watergate scandal , the President was confronted with a multi- tude of difficult issues. After a year in office, the Na- 8 tional... Nixon had moved the relationship be- tween the United States and the Soviet Union towards détente, the Carter administration was faced with an ever...policies and military command arrange- ments that the new administration inherited. The Nixon and Gerald Ford years had bestowed upon President Carter a

  9. Commanding Generation Y: How Generation X Military Leaders Can Better Utilize Generational Tendencies (United States)


    collaborative, polite to authority, comfortable with multitasking, and seeks continual feedback from superiors. Commanding Generation Y is...14 Mike Atkinson, “Advice for (and from) the youngest at heart: Understanding the millennial generation ,” Guidance and Counseling, 19(4), 153-157...Atkinson, M.L. “Advice for (and from) the youngest at heart: Understanding the millennial generation .” Guidance and Counseling, 19(4), 153-157

  10. Simulation and simulator development of a separate surface attitude command control system for light aircraft (United States)

    Roskam, J.


    A detailed description is presented of the simulation philosophy and process used in the development of a Separate Surface Attitude Command control system (SSAC) for a Beech Model 99 Airliner. The intent of this system is to provide complete three axes stability augmentation at low cost and without the need for system redundancy. The system, although aimed at the general aviation market, also has applications to certain military airplanes as well as to miniature submarines.

  11. U.S. Southern Command Government Purchase Card Controls Need Improvement to Prevent Improper Purchases (United States)


    Comptroller and Staff Judge Advocate officials approved the request on September 28, 2011. Gift items purchased included 11 iPod Touch devices engraved...cardholder made the payment on September 29, 2011. The USSOUTHCOM Protocol Office received the iPods in November 2011 and stored them in the Consequently, the iPods were an unnecessary purchase because they did not meet the needs of the command during the fiscal year the purchase

  12. Defeat at Kasserine: American Armor Doctrine, Training, and Battle Command in Northwest Africa, World War II (United States)


    the modern Army avoid comparable mistakes in the future. 1Orr Kelly, Meeting the Fox (New York, NY: John ...was joined. The battalion commander, Lieutenant Colonel John K. Waters, ordered a tank destroyer section forward to attack the 11 approaching the enemy of change.1 Edward L. Katzenbach Jr. The 1st Armored Division was activated on 15 July 1940 at Ft. Knox, Kentucky. It was the first of

  13. A Virtual Commanding Officer, Intelligent Tutor for the Underway Replenishment Ship-handling Virtual Environment Simulator


    Tenney, Karl R.


    While developing a Virtual Environment (VE) Ship-handling simulator for the Surface Warfare Officer School (SWOS) in Newport, RI, researchers at the Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division (NAWCTSD) in Orlando, FL recognized the idea of integrating an Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) to provide feedback to the student The system, known as a Virtual Commanding Officer (VCO), would provide instructional feedback to the student to ensure that beneficial training occurs. The VCO would...

  14. Moltke’s Mission Command Philosophy in the Twenty-First Century: Fallacy or Verity? (United States)


    deployment of larger formations became possible in the nineteenth century due to railroads and the telegraph. The question arose, how does a theatre ... romanticism on society in the nineteenth century, this chapter concludes that command authority transferred from the highest level towards small units in...capabilities to deploy its troops around the theatre of war with its train capabilities.5 32 Justus Scheibert’s expertise became invaluable in

  15. Vertical and Horizontal Forces: A Framework for Understanding Airpower Command and Control (United States)


    Gharajedaghi, Systems Thinking: Managing Chaos and Complexity: A Platform for Designing Business Architecture , 2nd ed. (New York, NY: Elsevier, 2006), 71...Foreign Relations Since 1776 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008), 949-950. 51Mary Jo Hatch, Organization Theory: Modern, Symbolic, and Postmodern ...Complexity: A Platform for Designing Business Architecture . 2nd ed. New York, NY: Elsevier, 2006. Gerber, David K. “Adaptive Command and Control of

  16. Left to right, astronauts John H. Casper, mission commander, and Curtis L. Brown, Jr., pilot, get (United States)


    STS-77 TRAINING VIEW --- Left to right, astronauts John H. Casper, mission commander, and Curtis L. Brown, Jr., pilot, get help with the final touches of suit donning during emergency bailout training for STS-77 crew members in the Johnson Space Centers (JSC) Weightless Environment Training Facility (WET-F). Casper and Brown will join four other astronauts for nine days aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour next month.

  17. On the Exploitation of Human Inductive Thought and Intuition in Future Global Command and Control Architectures (United States)


    battlespace, the commander strives to obtain all relevant information concerning hisI combat environment while chaos serves to disrupt, disable , and...1990) Cognition : an intellectual process by which knowledge is gained about perceptions or ideas. (Gevarter, 1985) Common Sense : the ability to...knowledge, heuristic rules that simplify and improve approaches to problem-solving, metaknowledge and metacognition , and compiled forms of behavior that

  18. Evaluating the Success of the Commanders Emergency Response Program in Herat Province, Afghanistan (United States)


    the people in their favor. There would be no way that the adversary could compete with the deep pockets of the local American commander. Generals...Station, October 1, 2016.54 53 Adapted from Shindand–Enhanced View Web Hosting, Digital Globe, last accessed October 21, 2016, https...56 Adapted from Khairabad–Enhanced View Web Hosting, Digital Globe, last accessed November 18, 2016, https

  19. The U.S. Navy’s Military Sealift Command 2008 in Review (United States)


    the Federated States of Micronesia. During the mission, medical teams from Mercy treated more than 90,000 patients, including more than 14,000 dental ...Pacific Partnership 2008, a four-month deployment to assist the governments of participating nations with medical, dental and con- struction civic...forces. MV Dolores Chouest, MV C-Commando and MV C-Champion supported Navy Special Warfare Command requirements. In September 2008, MV Carolyn Chouest

  20. Marine Corps Systems Command (MCSC) Advanced Planning Briefing To Industry (APBI) (United States)


    CB M C2I CESS GTES ISI IWS CINS M CTSSA Other PROG DC C41 TRASYS M CCDC OPFOR SCM C May 22, 2008 CEOss Operations Overview 6 Baseline a Command...CTSSA Other PROG DC C41 TRASYS M CCDC OPFOR SCM C $213,902SCMC $818,704OPFOR $11,077,763MCCDC $7,650,824TRASYS $4,809,659DC C41 $4,466,821PROG