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Sample records for playbook trademark approach

  1. Morphological Pattern Based Approach for Trademark Retrieval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ranjeet Kumar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In the current scenario of the economic developments in the world market and growth in the international trade practices, Trademark registration is becoming a critical issue. The number of company and brand is increasing day by day and they all demand a trademark registration for same trade both in the home country as well as in foreign markets. In this paper we propose an invariant approach to break the character and shape of the trademark (logo or design to capture the shape and related attributes therein to build an efficient trademark retrieval tool. We create the input image in a negative image format for ignoring the background and objects reverse intensities values. The paper illustrates the morphological opening approach for removing the very small objects which can be acting as a noise. The paper also proposes how the extracted images from the trademark database will be matched further for similar input trademarks on the basis of trademark retrieval process from the database.

  2. TRADEMARK APPLICATIONS IN A SECTORAL APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MATE Domician

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The economic roles of the Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs are one of the key mysteries of the economic theories. At the beginning of the 1760s a sustained and rapid growth in per capita income occurred all over the word and since then the broad history of economic institutions has still quite important. This research paper relies on the conceptual framework of IPRs. However, the academic literature has claimed that the presences of these institutions are essential elements of a well-functioning economy, but intellectual property has come to mean not only the right to own and sell, but also the right to regulate its use. Moreover several unexploited dilemmas have still remained in practice. In order to support the theoretical insights we inspect to overview the trademarks growth tendencies in various OECD countries. In this perspective we followed a specific taxonomy of the traditional Nice Classes (NCL to identify the distribution and the growth changes of these property right applications in a specific sectoral approach. Besides determining the differences with some comparative statistics in the branches, we could also demonstrate the economic importance of trademark applicants that place on the protection of brands in the service-oriented industries. However, there was falls in due to the last economic crisis; it seemed to follow a persistent and substantial growth path again. In this sense, we could also suggest the better valorization of IPRs that must be considered in a context to facilitate SMEs’ access to the benefits of globalised markets in these industries.

  3. TRADEMARK VS BRAND: A CONCEPTUAL APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tudor NISTORESCU

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we realized a study regarding the concepts of trademark and brand. There are numerous confusions between the two concepts, among theorists and practitioners. We deepened the debate related to these terms, studying a series of articles and papers in the field. Our research showed that there are differences of substance between the two concepts. If the trademark identifies a property right over an enterprise or a product, the brand is the sum of meanings and significations of a product, beyond the utility of that product or the service.

  4. Information protection playbook

    CERN Document Server

    Kane, Greg

    2013-01-01

    The primary goal of the Information Protection Playbook is to serve as a comprehensive resource for information protection (IP) professionals who must provide adequate information security at a reasonable cost. It emphasizes a holistic view of IP: one that protects the applications, systems, and networks that deliver business information from failures of confidentiality, integrity, availability, trust and accountability, and privacy. Using the guidelines provided in the Information Protection Playbook, security and information technology (IT) managers will learn how to

  5. Cyber Exercise Playbook

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-01

    all parties benefit from the exercise experience. Exercises are not performed to make an organization look bad; instead, they help to train and...techniques it utilized to attack a security posture. All parties benefit from an exercise that underscores the RT motto: ”we win, we lose. 23 Appendix...Jason Kick November 2014 Cyber Exercise Playbook The views, opinions and/or findings contained in this report are those of The

  6. A Multimodal Approach to Meaning-Making in Trademarks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannessen, Christian Mosbæk

    2008-01-01

    When enterprises go to court to settle disputes over confusable graphic trademarks and intellectual property, they usually present evidence to the nature of the design of the involved marks, which is based on subjective judgment – usually on the part of an appraiser with a professional background...... of the human body, whereas the PR marks is the result of an abstract formalized and stylized use of the same resources known from typography....

  7. A Multimodal Approach to Meaning-Making in Trademarks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannessen, Christian Mosbæk

    2008-01-01

    in design. On a case-by-case basis, this practice is quite adequate. However, a long-term effort to fight the increasing counterfeiting activity in newly industrialized countries partly relies on systematic and comparable observations of the ways in which infringements come about. This paper presents...... that plays a part in the meaning-making of all graphic trademarks. Using the taxonomy for a detailed analysis of the Rolls Royce and PR marks, the article concludes that – albeit very similar – the marks are different in that the Rolls Royce mark retains a connection with calligraphy and the motor system...

  8. Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook (Book)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2015-01-01

    The Island Energy Playbook (the Playbook) provides an action-oriented guide to successfully initiating, planning, and completing a transition to an energy system that primarily relies on local resources to eliminate a dependence on one or two imported fuels. It is intended to serve as a readily available framework that any community can adapt to organize its own energy transition effort.

  9. Dad's Playbook: Coaching Kids to Read

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Institute for Literacy, 2006

    2006-01-01

    By taking the time to read to and with their children, fathers can play an important role in helping children learn to read. "Dad's Playbook" tells the stories of 20 dads from different walks of life who are giving their kids the best shot at a bright future by helping them learn to read. This National Institute for Literacy Partnership for…

  10. The Principal's Playbook: Tackling School Improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Protheroe, Nancy

    2010-01-01

    "The Principal's Playbook: Tackling School Improvement" brings together the best thinking on successful schools and classrooms to help school administrators engage their faculty in discussion about effective school improvement strategies. Designed to support both school improvement efforts and professional development, each chapter includes…

  11. Coaching Model + Clinical Playbook = Transformative Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, Katherine A; Meyer, Mary

    2016-01-01

    Health care employers demand that workers be skilled in clinical reasoning, able to work within complex interprofessional teams to provide safe, quality patient-centered care in a complex evolving system. To this end, there have been calls for radical transformation of nursing education including the development of a baccalaureate generalist nurse. Based on recommendations from the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, faculty concluded that clinical education must change moving beyond direct patient care by applying the concepts associated with designer, manager, and coordinator of care and being a member of a profession. To accomplish this, the faculty utilized a system of focused learning assignments (FLAs) that present transformative learning opportunities that expose students to "disorienting dilemmas," alternative perspectives, and repeated opportunities to reflect and challenge their own beliefs. The FLAs collected in a "Playbook" were scaffolded to build the student's competencies over the course of the clinical experience. The FLAs were centered on the 6 Quality and Safety Education for Nurses competencies, with 2 additional concepts of professionalism and systems-based practice. The FLAs were competency-based exercises that students performed when not assigned to direct patient care or had free clinical time. Each FLA had a lesson plan that allowed the student and faculty member to see the competency addressed by the lesson, resources, time on task, student instructions, guide for reflection, grading rubric, and recommendations for clinical instructor. The major advantages of the model included (a) consistent implementation of structured learning experiences by a diverse teaching staff using a coaching model of instruction; (b) more systematic approach to present learning activities that build upon each other; (c) increased time for faculty to interact with students providing direct patient care; (d) guaranteed capture of selected transformative

  12. BlackBerry PlayBook For Dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Sandler, Corey

    2011-01-01

    Use your BlackBerry PlayBook for work and for play—this book shows you how For all you business road warriors who don't go anywhere without your BlackBerrys, the road just got a little more comfortable. The BlackBerry PlayBook is a tablet is your go-to-gadget for working on the go. Learn how to take full advantage of this powerful newcomer to the tablet market with this full-color For Dummies guide. You'll discover how to use your PlayBook to connect to corporate systems, manage your finances, keep track of your travel and other schedules—even how to use the PlayBook as an e-reade

  13. Elements improvement of system approach of new trademark for promotion according to the dependence product «price-quality»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.O. Onyskiv

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The basic elements of competitiveness such as quality and price of a new product on market are explored and highlighted. The main principle which is used by commercial enterprises as marketing approach to promote a new trademark depending on price-quality has been grounded. Nine price sub-strategies that manufacturers use to achieve their marketing goals on the market have been considered. An effective pricing strategy for the new product depending on price-quality has been created. There are some methods of prices policy for new products depending on the level of their quality.

  14. Thoracic aortic aneurysm: reading the enemy's playbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elefteriades, John A

    2008-05-01

    The vast database of the Yale Center for Thoracic Aortic Disease--which includes information on 3000 patients with thoracic aortic aneurysm or dissection, with 9000 catalogued images and 9000 patient-years of follow-up--has, over the last decade, permitted multiple glimpses into the "playbook" of this virulent disease. Understanding the precise behavioral features of thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection permits us more effectively to combat this disease. In this monograph, we will first review certain fundamentals--in terms of anatomy, nomenclature, imaging, diagnosis, medical, surgical, and stent treatment. After reviewing these fundamentals, we will proceed with a detailed exploration of lessons learned by peering into the operational playbook of thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection. Among the glimpses afforded in the behavioral playbook of this disease are the following: 1 Thoracic aortic aneurysm, while lethal, is indolent. Mortality usually does not occur until after years of growth. 2 The aneurysmal ascending thoracic aorta grows slowly: about 0.1 cm per year (the descending aorta grows somewhat faster). 3 Over a patient's lifetime, "hinge points" at which the likelihood of rupture or dissection skyrockets are seen at 5.5 cm for the ascending and 6.5 cm for the descending aorta. Intervening at 5 cm diameter for the ascending and 6 cm for the descending prevents most adverse events. 4 Symptomatic aneurysms require resection regardless of size. 5 The yearly rate of rupture, dissection, or death is 14.1% for a patient with a thoracic aorta of 6 cm diameter. 6 The mechanical properties of the aorta deteriorate markedly at 6 cm diameter (distensibility falls, and wall stress rises)--a finding that "dovetails" perfectly with observations of the clinical behavior of the thoracic aorta. 7 Thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection are largely inherited diseases, with a predominantly autosomal-dominant pattern. The specific genetics are being elucidated at the

  15. College Sports: Revising the Playbook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casement, William

    2013-01-01

    The big-time approach to college sports demands an overhaul--for the good of the athletes, the bottom line, and the intellectual atmosphere on campus. The academic and nonacademic purposes within higher education institutions bump up against one another for a result that is increasingly dysfunctional. There is, however, a way out that will give…

  16. Game Time: The Educator's Playbook for the New Global Economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lessinger, Leon; Salowe, Allen

    This book serves as a "playbook" to help business leaders and educators understand, build, and adapt to the changes converging upon them from an emerging information-rich global economy. The book uses football as a metaphor to understand the obstacles to becoming successful in today's changing economy. This football metaphoric theme is…

  17. Game Time: The Educator's Playbook for the New Global Economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lessinger, Leon; Salowe, Allen

    This book serves as a "playbook" to help business leaders and educators understand, build, and adapt to the changes converging upon them from an emerging information-rich global economy. The book uses football as a metaphor to understand the obstacles to becoming successful in today's changing economy. This football metaphoric theme is…

  18. A Playbook for Data: Real-Life Scenario Demonstrates Learning Forward's Data Standard in Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirsh, Stephanie; Hord, Shirley

    2012-01-01

    This article is an excerpt from "A Playbook for Professional Learning: Putting the Standards Into Action" (Learning Forward, 2012). Written by Learning Forward Executive Director Stephanie Hirsh and Scholar Laureate Shirley Hord, "A Playbook for Professional Learning" provides those who work in professional learning with readily accessible…

  19. Medical response to a nuclear detonation: creating a playbook for state and local planners and responders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murrain-Hill, Paula; Coleman, C Norman; Hick, John L; Redlener, Irwin; Weinstock, David M; Koerner, John F; Black, Delaine; Sanders, Melissa; Bader, Judith L; Forsha, Joseph; Knebel, Ann R

    2011-03-01

    For efficient and effective medical responses to mass casualty events, detailed advanced planning is required. For federal responders, this is an ongoing responsibility. The US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) prepares playbooks with formal, written plans that are reviewed, updated, and exercised regularly. Recognizing that state and local responders with fewer resources may be helped in creating their own event-specific response plans, subject matter experts from the range of sectors comprising the Scarce Resources for a Nuclear Detonation Project, provided for this first time a state and local planner's playbook template for responding to a nuclear detonation. The playbook elements are adapted from DHHS playbooks with appropriate modification for state and local planners. Individualization by venue is expected, reflecting specific assets, populations, geography, preferences, and expertise. This playbook template is designed to be a practical tool with sufficient background information and options for step-by-step individualized planning and response.

  20. A Line Dividing "Trademark License" and "Trademark Infringement"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chi Shaojie

    2004-01-01

    @@ Opinions are not divided on in fringement by another person's use of a registered trademark without license from the trademark registrant,nor on the non-infringement by its/his licensed use of a registered trademark.

  1. Game playbooks: tools to guide multidisciplinary teams in developing videogame-based behavior change interventions

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Duncan, Lindsay R; Hieftje, Kimberly D; Culyba, Sabrina; Fiellin, Lynn E

    2014-01-01

    ... have different cultures, terminologies, and standards of evidence. Thus, traditional intervention development tools such as logic models and intervention manuals may need to be augmented by creating what we have termed “Game Playbooks...

  2. Mapping Institution-Specific Study Descriptions to RadLex Playbook Entries

    OpenAIRE

    Mabotuwana, Thusitha; Lee, Michael C.; Cohen-Solal, Eric V.; Chang, Paul

    2014-01-01

    The naming of imaging procedures is currently not standardized across institutions. As a result, it is a challenge to establish national registries, for instance, a national registry of dose to facilitate comparisons among different types of CT procedures. RSNA’s RadLex Playbook is an effort towards addressing this gap (by introducing a unique Playbook identifier called an RPID for each procedure), and the current research focuses on semi-automatically mapping institution-specific procedure d...

  3. DIWA trademark. AREVA's approach of intelligent computer-aided support of water chemistry monitoring in power plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fandrich, Joerg [AREVA NP GmbH, Erlangen (Germany)

    2011-07-01

    The complexity of power plant operation makes stringent demands on the chemical quality of the coolant in process systems and loops. Optimal water chemistry ensures high corrosion resistance of these systems and is thus essential for safe and economic long term plant operation. The market offers a huge variety of commercial software packages for water chemistry control. Most of these computer programs have to be considered as data analysis or, respectively, data acquisition programs. Some of them require manual data input (Laboratory Information Management Systems), others are capable of performing a fully automated data acquisition. However, the plant operator typically is left alone with the actual interpretation of all collected and validated data, which would be the main characteristic feature of an analysis (or monitoring) system. The data validation is typical being performed by means of numerical methods in the broadest sense. This activity requires a long working experience and specific skills by the plant chemistry operator. True diagnostic systems need to be significantly more advanced. They contain the capability of data interpretation and derivation of specific diagnoses. This is combined with additional explanations on how the diagnoses were derived. Additionally, further recommendations are offered on how to proceed to reach the normal operational behavior as soon as possible. AREVA's DIWA trademark system features a fuzzy logic expert system that is based on expert knowledge. It is built on symptoms, which are combined in rules as part of the fuzzy tool set. These components can be edited without programming knowledge, which significantly reduces training efforts. It makes the system more robust, more compact and simpler compared to other so-called expert systems. DIWA trademark represents the knowledge in a natural way, in which other conventional expert system may have difficulties or need a larger set of rule algorithms. (orig.)

  4. The Podcasting Playbook: A Typology of Evidence-Based Podagogy for PreK-12 Classrooms with English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acosta, Sandra; Garza, Tiberio

    2011-01-01

    Podagogy, a fusion of podcasting and pedagogy, is evidence-based educational podcasting for teaching and learning. The purpose of our article was to compile a playbook of evidence-based strategies, the plays, for integrating podcasting into PreK-12 classrooms with English language learners (ELLs). Data for developing the playbook were drawn from…

  5. Mapping institution-specific study descriptions to RadLex Playbook entries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mabotuwana, Thusitha; Lee, Michael C; Cohen-Solal, Eric V; Chang, Paul

    2014-06-01

    The naming of imaging procedures is currently not standardized across institutions. As a result, it is a challenge to establish national registries, for instance, a national registry of dose to facilitate comparisons among different types of CT procedures. RSNA's RadLex Playbook is an effort towards addressing this gap (by introducing a unique Playbook identifier called an RPID for each procedure), and the current research focuses on semi-automatically mapping institution-specific procedure descriptions to Playbook entries to assist with this standardization effort. We discuss an algorithm we have developed to facilitate the mapping process which first extracts RadLex codes from the procedure description and then uses the definition of an RPID to determine the most suitable RPID(s) for the extracted set of RadLex codes. We also developed a tool that has three modes of operations-a single procedure mapping mode that allows a user to map a single institution-specific procedure description to a Playbook entry, a bulk mode to process large number of descriptions, and an exploratory mode that assists a user to better understand how the selection of values for various Playbook attributes affects the resulting RPID. We validate our algorithms using 166 production CT procedure descriptions and discuss how the tool can be used by administrators to map institution-specific procedure descriptions to RPIDs.

  6. Refrigeration Playbook. Heat Reclaim; Optimizing Heat Rejection and Refrigeration Heat Reclaim for Supermarket Energy Conservation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reis, Chuck [CTA Architects Engineers, Boise, ID (United States); Nelson, Eric [CTA Architects Engineers, Boise, ID (United States); Armer, James [CTA Architects Engineers, Boise, ID (United States); Johnson, Tim [CTA Architects Engineers, Boise, ID (United States); Hirsch, Adam [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Doebber, Ian [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2015-03-01

    The purpose of this playbook and accompanying spreadsheets is to generalize the detailed CBP analysis and to put tools in the hands of experienced refrigeration designers to evaluate multiple applications of refrigeration waste heat reclaim across the United States. Supermarkets with large portfolios of similar buildings can use these tools to assess the impact of large-scale implementation of heat reclaim systems. In addition, the playbook provides best practices for implementing heat reclaim systems to achieve the best long-term performance possible. It includes guidance on operations and maintenance as well as measurement and verification.

  7. The CIO playbook strategies and best practices for IT leaders to deliver value

    CERN Document Server

    Colisto, Nicholas R

    2012-01-01

    Praise for The CIO Playbook "The most trusted advisors chief information officers have are other CIOs, and Nicholas Colisto capitalizes beautifully on that fact in The CIO Playbook. This highly readable guide to succeeding in one of the toughest jobs in the C-suite features a step-by-step framework that is practical, focused, and quite specific. The strategies Nicholas describes come to life through anecdotes and straightforward advice from many of the industry's most respected CIOs who share their advice on everything from partnering with business colleagues to innovating and delivering res

  8. Protection of Trademarks in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Hongyan

    2009-01-01

    @@ A trademark is a distinctive sign which identifies certain goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or enterprise. Trademark protection is one of the most important parts in protecting intellectual property, playing a positive role in maintenance of fair market and promoting the development of the socialist market economy. China resumed the system of trademark in 1987. With reforming and opening up, the Chinese trademark is developing rapidly. Now, the amount of Chinese trademarks' registration is one of the most in the world.

  9. The Tobacco-Free Sports Playbook: Pitching Healthy Lifestyles to Youth, Teams, and Communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (DHHS/PHS), Atlanta, GA.

    This book is designed to help coaches, school administrators, and state and local health departments reach out to young people with messages about the importance of choosing a healthy, active, and tobacco-free lifestyle. The playbook is filled with examples of successful tobacco-free policies, media campaigns, and education programs that will…

  10. A Policy Playbook for Personalized Learning: Ideas for State and Local Policymakers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuong, Carolyn; Mead, Sara

    2014-01-01

    This report is designed to help state and local policymakers identify the policy changes needed to expand access to quality personalized learning in their states and communities, and to give them the tools to make those changes. Each of the 15 policy ideas, or "plays," in this playbook provides background context on the challenges it is…

  11. The Transliteration of Trademark

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周公良

    2010-01-01

    音译是翻译中的一种方法,在音译过程中有许多规律可循.音译在商标翻译中的具体方法和类别主要包括:直译音译、美化音译、根据产品的特点音译、根据产品的变众音译以及混合音译等.结合具体的商标实例加以阐述,为以后的音译工作者提供了基础经验.%This article concerns about one of translation methods.What rules should be followed in the process? After the affirmation of the transliteration's contribution to the trademark translation,the article shows the specific methods and categories of the transliteration in the translation process of trademark.The trademark transliteration includes these majorities:Direct transhteration,Elegant translation and carrying on transliteration by products' characters and carrying on transliteration by target customers and Hybrid transliteration and so on.It will be talked about with some actual brands.To offer some basic experiences for the translator in the future is this article's purpose.

  12. PressReader User Guide for BlackBerry Playbook

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Представлено краткое руководство для работы с электронными газетами и журналами на платформе Library PressDisplay на английском языке с помощью BlackBerry Playbook. "Библиотека ПрессДисплей" - самый большой киоск ежедневной прессы, предлагает полные цифровые копии (больше контента, чем на Google) более 2300 газет и журналов из 100 стран на 54 языках и мнгновенный перевод с 13 языков....

  13. Game playbooks: tools to guide multidisciplinary teams in developing videogame-based behavior change interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncan, Lindsay R; Hieftje, Kimberly D; Culyba, Sabrina; Fiellin, Lynn E

    2014-03-01

    As mobile technologies and videogaming platforms are becoming increasingly prevalent in the realm of health and healthcare, so are the opportunities to use these resources to conduct behavioral interventions. The creation and empirical testing of game style interventions, however, is challenged by the requisite collaboration of multidisciplinary teams, including researchers and game developers who have different cultures, terminologies, and standards of evidence. Thus, traditional intervention development tools such as logic models and intervention manuals may need to be augmented by creating what we have termed "Game Playbooks" which are intervention guidebooks that are created by, understood by, and acceptable to all members of the multidisciplinary game development team. The purpose of this paper is to describe the importance and content of a Game Playbook created to aide in the development of a videogame intervention designed specifically for health behavior change in young teens as well as the process for creating such a tool. We draw on the experience of our research and game design team to describe the critical components of the Game Playbook and the necessity of creating such a tool.

  14. Aesthetic Value of Trademark Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈佳

    2016-01-01

    Trademarks and trademark, as a part of language, are unavoidably influenced and restricted by the cultures of various countries and nationalities. Through trademark, we can get abundant implications of social history and culture. Language is the most important tool of information transmission. It can not only convey sentence and semantic information, but also carry additional contents of society and culture. In order to meet the increasingly competitive demands of market, in addition to express detailed information of commodity, the differences of aesthetic psychology between diverse cultural customers shall be taken into consideration when naming modern brand names.

  15. Subscribe to China Patents & Trademarks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    The Chinese/English bilingual quarterly China Patents & Trademarks is a professional publicationsponsored by China Patent Agent (H.K.) Ltd.The journal commenced publication in April 1985 and hasbeen edited and published in Hong Kong for distribution in China and abroad.The main contents carried by China Patents & Trademarks are:guidelines,policies,laws and regula-tions relevant to intellectual property,economy and trade in China;matters related to the practical workof patent application,trademark registration and copyright protection in China;concrete examples of

  16. Trademark Translation in International Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋露露

    2012-01-01

    Trademark is a sign of a certain product;the fundamental function of which is to distinguish the products of one producer from thoseof another.It is also "the first face" of the product which is put in front of the consumers,providing them with quite a lot of information.More andmore firms have come to realize that one of their most valuable assets isthe trademarks associated with their products or services,since the valueof a manufacturer’s brand finally lies in the trademark of the product.Consequently,the translation of trademarks has also drawn much greaterattention than ever before and has become an essential research problemin the business circle with the rapid development of economic globalization.

  17. Subscribe to China Patents & Trademarks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    The Chinese/English bilingual quarterly China Patents & Trademarks is a professional publicationsponsored by China Patent Agent (H.K.) Ltd.The journal commenced publication in April 1985 and hasbeen edited and published in Hong Kong for distribution in China and abroad.The main contents carried by China Patents & Trademarks are:guidelines,policies,laws and regula-tions relevant to intellectual property,economy and trade in China;matters related to the practical work

  18. Subscribe to China Patents & Trademarks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    The Chinese/English bilingual quarterly China Patents & Trademarks is a professional publicationsponsored by China Patent Agent(H.K.)Ltd.The journal commenced publication in April 1985 and hasbeen edited and published in Hong Kong for distribution in China and abroad.The main contents carried by China Patents & Trademarks are:guidelines,policies,laws and regula-tions relevant to intellectual property,economy and trade in China;matters related to the practical work

  19. The European Trademark Reform. An Overview from a Danish Perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wallberg, Knud

    2015-01-01

    The article analyzes the proposed changes to the EU trademarks directive and the Community Trademark regulation......The article analyzes the proposed changes to the EU trademarks directive and the Community Trademark regulation...

  20. The development of game for BlackBerry PlayBook platform using HTML5

    OpenAIRE

    Kokol, Blaž

    2014-01-01

    The diploma paper presents in detail the development of game for BlackBerry PlayBook platform using HTML5, i. e. the path from idea to product. First, it examines the previously mentioned platform, the technologies used (HTML5, CSS3, JavaScript) and environments for development (NetBeans, GIMP). The central part is dedicated to the development of our product (Game Time Attacker), which includes a description of the program code, implementation and publication of the game. The usefulness of ou...

  1. The development of game for BlackBerry PlayBook platform using HTML5

    OpenAIRE

    Kokol, Blaž

    2015-01-01

    The diploma paper presents in detail the development of game for BlackBerry PlayBook platform using HTML5, i. e. the path from idea to product. First, it examines the previously mentioned platform, the technologies used (HTML5, CSS3, JavaScript) and environments for development (NetBeans, GIMP). The central part is dedicated to the development of our product (Game Time Attacker), which includes a description of the program code, implementation and publication of the game. The usefulness of ou...

  2. Subscribe to China Patents & Trademarks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    The Chinese/English bilingual quarterly China Patents & Trademarks is a professional publication sponsored by ChinaPatent Agent(H.K.)Ltd. The journal commenced publication in April 1985 and has been edited and published in HongKong for distribution in China and abroad.

  3. Cases of Trademark Examination Review and Adjudication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cao Xinwei

    2005-01-01

    @@ Case of Reexamination of Rejection of Trademark "GE" On 20 December 2001, the US General Electric Company (GE) filed with the Trademark Office an application for regG Eistration of the trademark "GE"(see Fig.l) on goods in class 8 of the International Classification: hand tools, table cutlery (knives, forks and spoons), side arms other than firearms, fish forks. Upon examination, the Trademark Office, pursuant to Article 11, paragraph one (3) and Article 28 of the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China, rejected, on 9 October 2002, the application for registration of said mark, and made no publication thereof on the grounds that "the trademark applied for registration was the combination of two letters of ordinary typeface, which was not distinctive, so should not be registered as a trademark".

  4. The European Legislation and Protection of Trademarks in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Codruta Stefania Jucan

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The present paper aims at producing a brief account and analysis of the changes thathave been made to the Romanian Trademark Law during the last few years in order to achieve harmonizationwith the European Trademark Law. Prior Work: The subject is being researched especially by the authorsfrom abroad and only the last years brought new investigations from the Romanians. Approach: The presentpaper was put together using a synthesis and analytical approach, taking in account different sources fromlegislation, court cases to papers that have been written about the subject. Results: The result of this studyindicates a way of harmonizing the internal legislation of Romania with that of the E.U on the subject andfuture directions of Trademark Law. Implications: The present study does its part in the intellectual propertystudies research area, offering a better view on the problems regarding the trademark law and itsnaturalization in the legal systems of the member states. Value: The study at hand is of great value inunderstanding the problems and challenges in the harmonization of legal concepts using the example ofIntellectual Property Rights in the U.E.

  5. 75 FR 69921 - Trademark Manual of Examining Procedure, Seventh Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-16

    ... Patent and Trademark Office Trademark Manual of Examining Procedure, Seventh Edition AGENCY: United... Trademark Office (``USPTO'') issued the seventh edition of the Trademark Manual of Examining Procedure... to the attention of Editor, Trademark Manual of Examining Procedure, or by hand delivery to...

  6. On English and Chinese Trademark Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张喆群

    2008-01-01

    Trademark translation has become familiar to most translators in the context of economic globalization,but it is not such an easy thing as we imagined due to cultural differences.Translators should be fully aware of the cultural traditions of trademark receivers and adopt spec-ial translation strategies to achieve message equi-valence.Moreover,translators should lay stress on creation and standardization of the target tradem-ark language,and adhere to principles of tradem-ark translation.That will make the target langu-age effectively and faithfully repeat the culture,image and messages of the original trademarks,thus decrease the communication gap between source language readers and target language rea-ders in translation and achieve the economic va-lue of trademarks.

  7. WIPO Publishes Guide to Trademarks for Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Entrepreneurs and managers of small andmedium-sized enterprises(SMEs)can nowconsult a World Intellectual PropertyOrganization(WIPO)publication thatexplains the basics of trademarks from abusiness perspective.The guide,entitled"Making a Mark:An Introduction toTrademarks for Small and Medium-sizedEnterprises",is intended to enhance thereader's understanding of the strategic valueof trademarks in business planning.It is the

  8. A Case of Improperly Registered "Wansheng" Trademark

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ In September 1999, the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board of the China State Administration for In-dustry and Commerce (SAIC) made its fi-nal decision on revocation of the "Wangsheng" trademark: the ground for the revocation raised by Hitachi Maxell Ltd.(Hitachi) that the Shenzhen Hua Yuan In-dustrial (Group) Co., Ltd. (Hua Yuan) has registered, by improper means, the "Wansheng" trademark no. 592880 for Class 9 floppy and magnetic disks and no.870819 for Class 9 battery are tenable and the trademark is revoked.

  9. 76 FR 72000 - Patent, Trademark & Copyright Acts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-21

    ... Geological Survey Patent, Trademark & Copyright Acts AGENCY: U.S. Geological Survey, Interior. ACTION: Notice...., Suite 200, Kennesaw, GA 30144, on U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 12/133,666, and a divisional patent application to be filed shortly at the Patent and Trademark Office, both entitled ``Anaerobic...

  10. BMC{trademark}: Baseline report; Greenbook (chapter)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-31

    Barrier Membrane Containment (BMC){trademark} is a high-density polyethylene membrane (HDPE) groundwater barrier and pass-through system, with applications ranging from plume control and containment to groundwater manipulation coupled with in-site treatment. BMC{trademark} system can function as a permeable or impermeable reaction wall, a cut-off wall, interceptor trenches, a barrier with collection and/or monitoring system, and a pass-through in a funnel and gate configuration. BMC{trademark} can be inspected with a down-hole video camera, producing a permanent VHS format tape, insuring the integrity of the wall and the interlocking joints.

  11. 76 FR 53885 - Patent and Trademark Resource Centers Metrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-30

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office Patent and Trademark Resource Centers Metrics ACTION: Proposed collection; comment request. SUMMARY: The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), as part of its... following methods: E-mail: InformationCollection@uspto.gov . Include ``Patent and Trademark Resource...

  12. 7 CFR 1250.542 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, and information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, and information... AGRICULTURE EGG RESEARCH AND PROMOTION Rules and Regulations Patents, Copyrights, Trademarks, and Information § 1250.542 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, and information. Patents, copyrights, trademarks,...

  13. 76 FR 34062 - Patent and Trademark Financial Transactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-10

    ... Patent and Trademark Office Patent and Trademark Financial Transactions ACTION: Proposed collection; comment request. SUMMARY: The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), as part of its continuing... States Patent and Trademark Office, P.O. Box 1450, Alexandria, VA 22313-1450. Federal Rulemaking...

  14. GETTING TECHNIC WITH COLOR: GRAPHIC REPRESENTATION OF COLOR TRADEMARKS IN THE NEW EUROPEAN LEGISLATION ON TRADEMARKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul-George BUTA

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper looks at the changes operated in the very final part of last year to the Trademark Directive and EU Trademark Regulation in order to ascertain some of the effects the change in terms of trademark definition and, especially, graphical representation of colors has produced. We have analyzed how representing graphically colors has become the crux of determining the possibility to registering color trademarks and how different states have tried to accommodate the need to have an as-wide-as-possible category of registrable signs with the need for legal certainty.

  15. CONCEPTS AND RISKS RELATED TO TRADEMARKS

    OpenAIRE

    Mihaela-Daciana BOLOS; Bradut-Vasile BOLOS

    2011-01-01

    We explore issues related to trademarks, from accounting recognition perspective. The research is a conceptual exploration emphasizing some issues on intellectual property interferences with accounting and some aspects that should be considered in auditpractice

  16. Clothing creator trademark : Business plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stern, B.

    1990-10-01

    SYMAGERY has developed a patented process to manufacture clothing without direct human labor. This CLOTHING CREATOR{trademark}, will have the ability to produce two (2) perfect garments every 45 seconds or one (1) every 30 seconds. The process will combine Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) technology with heat molding and ultrasonic bonding/cutting techniques. This system for garment production, will have the capacity to produce garments of higher quality and at lower productions costs than convention cut and sew methods. ADVANTAGES of the process include: greatly reduced production costs; increased quality of garments; reduction in lead time; and capacity to make new class of garments. This technology will accommodate a variety of knit, woven and nonwoven materials containing a majority of synthetic fibers. Among the many style of garments that could be manufactured by this process are: work clothing, career apparel, athletic garments, medical disposables, health care products, activewear, haz/mat garments, military clothing, cleanroom clothing, outdoor wear, upholstery, and highly contoured stuffed toy shells. 3 refs.

  17. Clothing creator trademark : Business plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stern, B.

    1990-10-01

    SYMAGERY has developed a patented process to manufacture clothing without direct human labor. This CLOTHING CREATOR{trademark}, will have the ability to produce two (2) perfect garments every 45 seconds or one (1) every 30 seconds. The process will combine Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) technology with heat molding and ultrasonic bonding/cutting techniques. This system for garment production, will have the capacity to produce garments of higher quality and at lower productions costs than convention cut and sew methods. ADVANTAGES of the process include: greatly reduced production costs; increased quality of garments; reduction in lead time; and capacity to make new class of garments. This technology will accommodate a variety of knit, woven and nonwoven materials containing a majority of synthetic fibers. Among the many style of garments that could be manufactured by this process are: work clothing, career apparel, athletic garments, medical disposables, health care products, activewear, haz/mat garments, military clothing, cleanroom clothing, outdoor wear, upholstery, and highly contoured stuffed toy shells. 3 refs.

  18. Industrial ecology Prosperity Game{trademark}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beck, D.; Boyack, K.; Berman, M.

    1998-03-01

    Industrial ecology (IE) is an emerging scientific field that views industrial activities and the environment as an interactive whole. The IE approach simultaneously optimizes activities with respect to cost, performance, and environmental impact. Industrial Ecology provides a dynamic systems-based framework that enables management of human activity on a sustainable basis by: minimizing energy and materials usage; insuring acceptable quality of life for people; minimizing the ecological impact of human activity to levels that natural systems can sustain; and maintaining the economic viability of systems for industry, trade and commerce. Industrial ecology applies systems science to industrial systems, defining the system boundary to incorporate the natural world. Its overall goal is to optimize industrial activities within the constraints imposed by ecological viability, globally and locally. In this context, Industrial systems applies not just to private sector manufacturing and services but also to government operations, including provision of infrastructure. Sandia conducted its seventeenth Prosperity Game{trademark} on May 23--25, 1997, at the Hyatt Dulles Hotel in Herndon, Virginia. The primary sponsors of the event were Sandia National Laboratories and Los Alamos National Laboratory, who were interested in using the format of a Prosperity Game to address some of the issues surrounding Industrial Ecology. Honorary game sponsors were: The National Science Foundation; the Committee on Environmental Improvement, American Chemical Society; the Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Division, American Chemical Society; the US EPA--The Smart Growth Network, Office of Policy Development; and the US DOE-Center of Excellence for Sustainable Development.

  19. Convergence of Trademark Law and E-Commerce

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Naumovski & Chapkanov

    trademarks and their relation to domain names, patents and enforcement issues with respect to the .... Marketing (2005);. - China Measures for ... permission of the trademark owner involving sport products is myspace.com. /nike4. In this case ...

  20. 76 FR 68740 - Trademark Manual of Examining Procedure, Eighth Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-07

    ...] Trademark Manual of Examining Procedure, Eighth Edition AGENCY: United States Patent and Trademark Office... Manual of Examining Procedure (``TMEP''), and made available an archived copy of the seventh edition, on..., marked to the attention of Editor, Trademark Manual of Examining Procedure, or by hand delivery to...

  1. The importance of Trademarks and a review of empirical studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirësi Çela

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Many studies have been focused on innovation and patents, less emphasis is given to trademarks, even though these intellectual property assets are more widely used by firms of all types across the whole economy. Various international treaties have been established in order to harmonize the different trademark's registration procedures across countries, and to simplify the application process for applicants targeting multiple countries. The aim of this paper is to make a review of some of the empirical studies done by scholars with trademarks in focus. Which are the motives that urge firms to register a trademark. How are trademarks related to innovation and firm’s size. At the end the paper concludes with some key messages on trademarks and their use by firms. Keywords: trademarks, innovation, empirical studies, intellectual property 

  2. Praktik Trademark Squatting dalam Proses Pendaftaran Merek di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widya Justitia

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis mengapa praktik trademark squatting dapat terjadi dalam proses pendaftaran merek beserta cara mengatasinya. Selanjutnya, penelitian ini juga membahas mengenai konsepsi ideal terkait proses pendaftaran merek di Indonesia guna menghindari dan meminimalisasi praktik trademark squatting. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif yang bersifat yuridis empiris dan data yang terkumpul dianalisa dengan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa praktik trademark squatting merupakan suatu tindakan mendaftarkan merek milik orang lain yang belum terdaftar, sehingga membuat pemilik merek yang sebenarnya tidak dapat lagi mendaftarkan mereknya. Setelah itu, pelaku menjual sertifikat hak atas merek tersebut kepada pemilik aslinya dengan harga melebihi biaya permohonan pendaftaran merek pada umumnya. Kendala yang ditemui dalam proses pendaftaran merek di Indonesia adalah kurangnya sumber daya manusia dalam menangani jumlah permohonan pendaftaran merek yang mencapai ribuan setiap harinya. Hal ini berdampak pada tidak optimalnya proses pendaftaran merek di Indonesia yaitu dengan menggagas suatu sistem yang bernama first to file based on use guna mengoptimalisasikan perlindungan pemilik merek, pertimbangan untuk meratifikasi Madrid System juga merupakan salah satu opsi lain untuk mencegah praktik trademark squatting. Abstract The purpose of this research is to identify and analyze why the practice of trademark squatting could occur in Indonesia's trademark registration process along with the constraints found in the trademark registration process in Indonesia and how to overcome them. Furthermore, it will also discuss the ideal conception related to trademark registration process to avoid and minimize the practice of trademark squatting. This research is an empirical legal research and all data were analyzed with qualitative methods. The results showed that trademark squatting is

  3. Biomedical technology prosperity game{trademark}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berman, M.; Boyack, K.W.; Wesenberg, D.L.

    1996-07-01

    Prosperity Games{trademark} are an outgrowth and adaptation of move/countermove and seminar War Games. Prosperity Games{trademark} are simulations that explore complex issues in a variety of areas including economics, politics, sociology, environment, education and research. These issues can be examined from a variety of perspectives ranging from a global, macroeconomic and geopolitical viewpoint down to the details of customer/supplier/market interactions in specific industries. All Prosperity Games{trademark} are unique in that both the game format and the player contributions vary from game to game. This report documents the Biomedical Technology Prosperity Game{trademark} conducted under the sponsorship of Sandia National Laboratories, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, and the Koop Foundation, Inc. Players were drawn from all stakeholders involved in biomedical technologies including patients, hospitals, doctors, insurance companies, legislators, suppliers/manufacturers, regulators, funding organizations, universities/laboratories, and the legal profession. The primary objectives of this game were to: (1) Identify advanced/critical technology issues that affect the cost and quality of health care. (2) Explore the development, patenting, manufacturing and licensing of needed technologies that would decrease costs while maintaining or improving quality. (3) Identify policy and regulatory changes that would reduce costs and improve quality and timeliness of health care delivery. (4) Identify and apply existing resources and facilities to develop and implement improved technologies and policies. (5) Begin to develop Biomedical Technology Roadmaps for industry and government cooperation. The deliberations and recommendations of these players provided valuable insights as to the views of this diverse group of decision makers concerning biomedical issues. Significant progress was made in the roadmapping of key areas in the biomedical technology field.

  4. Trade name and trademark versus domain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarmila Pokorná

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Internet domains have become an integral part of our lives, so one can easily understand that during their use, conflicts can arise, whose participants will search for rules enabling resolution of conflicts. Since the domain name is a replacement of the computer IP address, in the technical sense of the word, this does not concern for domain names a commercial name or brand, because it primarily does not belong to a person in the legal sense of the word and does not serve for its individualization. The average user regularly affiliates domain names with a person offering goods or services on the relevant Website. Domain names used by entrepreneurs in their business activity are often chosen so that the second-level domain (SLD would use words that form the trade name of corporations formed of trading companies. This fact brings domain names close to such designations that serve the individualization of persons or products, especially the trademarks and the commercial name. Domains can come into conflict with the rights to designations, especially trademarks and commercial names. Court practice is resolving these conflicts using rules for unfair competition, or rules for protection of commercial names and trademarks, but it is not ruled out that in the future, special legal regulation of domain names could be established.

  5. Silicon Film[trademark] photovoltaic manufacturing technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bottenberg, W.R.; Hall, R.B.; Jackson, E.L.; Lampo, S.; Mulligan, W.E.; Barnett, A.M. (AstroPower, Inc., Newark, DE (United States))

    1993-04-01

    This report describes work on a project to develop an advanced low-cost manufacturing process for a new utility-scale flatplate module based on thin active layers of polycrystalline silicon on a low-cost substrate. This is called the Silicon-Film[trademark] process. This new power module is based on a new large solar cell that is 675 cm[sup 2] in area. Eighteen of these solar cells form a 170-W module. Twelve ofthese modules form a 2-kW array. The program has three components: (1) development of a Silicon-Film[trademark] wafer machine that can manufacture wafer 675 cm[sup 2] in size with a total product cost reductionof 70%; (2) development of an advanced solar cell manufacturing process that will turn the Silicon-Film[trademark] wafer into a 14%-efficient solar cell; and (3) development of an advanced module design based on these large-area, efficient silicon solar cells with an average power of 170 watts. The completion of these three tasks will lead to a new power module designed for utility and other power applications with asubstantially lower cost.

  6. 77 FR 41172 - Trademark Board Manual of Procedure, Third Edition, Revision 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-12

    ... Patent and Trademark Office Trademark Board Manual of Procedure, Third Edition, Revision 1 AGENCY: United... Trademark Office (``USPTO'') issued the third edition, revision 1, of the Trademark Board Manual of... 22313-1451, marked to the attention of Cheryl Butler, Senior Attorney and Editor, Trademark Board...

  7. On the Problems and Strategies in Trademark Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李毅

    2009-01-01

    Trademark,which is commonly known as brand,is the logo of commodity produced by manufacturer or operator of goods.Such kind of logo is usually composed of words or graphs,or by the combination of them.The trademarks of this paper refer to the trademark words,or brand names. This paper starts with the characteristics of English and Chinese trademarks,and then exhibits the current situation and problems in trademark translation;puts forward some basic strategies and methods of translation.Finally,some principles are provided to make translation of trademarks much more vivid and more expressive.All the above is to arouse consumers' desire to buy,which will make the products more competitive.

  8. Verification and validation of decision support software: Expert Choice{trademark} and PCM{trademark}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nguyen, Q.H.; Martin, J.D.

    1994-11-04

    This report documents the verification and validation of two decision support programs: EXPERT CHOICE{trademark} and PCM{trademark}. Both programs use the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) -- or pairwise comparison technique -- developed by Dr. Thomas L. Saaty. In order to provide an independent method for the validating the two programs, the pairwise comparison algorithm was developed for a standard mathematical program. A standard data set -- selecting a car to purchase -- was used with each of the three programs for validation. The results show that both commercial programs performed correctly.

  9. Influence of Cultural Differences on Advertisement Translation and Trademark Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于晓玮

    2014-01-01

    Advertisement translation and trademark translation are becoming more and more prevailing and influential under the increasing development of internationalization of business. This paper attempts to analyze the influence of cultural differences on advertisement translation and trademark translation. It finds that advertisement translation and trademark translation are under the impressive influence of the differences between Chinese and Western cultures. This paper aims to stress the cultural differences in advertisement translation and trademark translation and reminds translators of the importance of noticing cultural differences and finding a proper point between foreign cultures and native cultures.

  10. Graphical Facility Information Center (GraFIC{trademark})

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dunigan, J.J.; Gaby, J.E.; Hickerson, T.W.; Miller, M.A. [and others

    1997-07-01

    The Graphical Facility Information Center (GraFIC{trademark}) is an information system that provides an inexpensive and flexible method of remotely verifying complete {open_quotes}up-to-the-minute{close_quotes} inventory status of stored items and facility assets. In addition, GraFIC{trademark} provides features needed for day to day management of storage and other facilities. GraFIC{trademark} combines an easy to use graphical user interface with extensive online help so that users need little training. GraFIC{trademark} can be configured to work with most sensor systems used to monitor facility assets.

  11. Trademark Trends and Brand Activity in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rooksby, Jacob H.; Collins, Christopher S.

    2016-01-01

    Trademarks figure prominently in college and university brand formation efforts. Trademarks are intangible rights that allow institutions to define and protect aspects of their identities important to them as they engage in markets. This multiple-method study, grounded in legal and policy research, provides a first look at how institutions are…

  12. Trademark use doctrine in the European Union and Japan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Husovec, Martin

    2016-01-01

    The scope of the regulatory power of trademark law in the market-place is constantly being tested against the new developments in technology. Today, the rights arising from the trademarks increasingly cover large portion of activities going beyond the mere misrepresentation of goods and services.

  13. 75 FR 35973 - Trademark Technical and Conforming Amendments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-24

    ..., and 21 of the Lanham Act, 15 U.S.C. 1057, 1065, and 1071, the legislation makes other more noteworthy..., 2010, the effective date of the legislation. References to ``the Act,'' ``the Lanham Act,'' ``the... technical mistake in the Lanham Act, our trademark laws unintentionally prevent trademark owners who...

  14. Cases of Trademark Examination and Review/Adjudication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cao Xinwei

    2004-01-01

    @@ Trademark "CAREFUL" The Ruian City Kangfuya Health Products Co., Ltd. in Zhejiang Province filed, on 25 September 1996, an application for registration of the trademark "CAREFUL" (see Fig. 1) on goods in class 5 of the International Classification, "toilet napkins, disposable underpants and diapers for incontinence of urine".

  15. SPEEDUP{trademark} ion exchange column model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hang, T.

    2000-03-06

    A transient model to describe the process of loading a solute onto the granular fixed bed in an ion exchange (IX) column has been developed using the SpeedUp{trademark} software package. SpeedUp offers the advantage of smooth integration into other existing SpeedUp flowsheet models. The mathematical algorithm of a porous particle diffusion model was adopted to account for convection, axial dispersion, film mass transfer, and pore diffusion. The method of orthogonal collocation on finite elements was employed to solve the governing transport equations. The model allows the use of a non-linear Langmuir isotherm based on an effective binary ionic exchange process. The SpeedUp column model was tested by comparing to the analytical solutions of three transport problems from the ion exchange literature. In addition, a sample calculation of a train of three crystalline silicotitanate (CST) IX columns in series was made using both the SpeedUp model and Purdue University's VERSE-LC code. All test cases showed excellent agreement between the SpeedUp model results and the test data. The model can be readily used for SuperLig{trademark} ion exchange resins, once the experimental data are complete.

  16. Application of translation strategies in the translation of trademark

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾丽晔

    2014-01-01

    The trademark propaganda is an important means of sel ing goods and way of competition in international market. Cultivating famous brand serves as an important links in opening up the international market. So the importance of a good trademark translation is evident. Through discussing the importance of the Chinese-English trademark translation, the translation of the principles, tactics, errors and trademark translation of cultural taboos, this paper studies initial y several aspects about how to translate the Chinese trademark into English, which is in order to make the translation of the original brand names and the products match perfectly in the sound, shape, meaning, and beauty. Thus, commodity exchanges and cultural exchanges both can be achieved.

  17. BWR spent fuel transport and storage system for KKL: TN trademark 52L, TN trademark 97L, TN trademark 24 BHL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sicard, D.; Verdier, A. [COGEMA Logistics (AREVA Group) (France); Monsigny, P.A. [NOK/KKL (Switzerland)

    2004-07-01

    The LEIBSTADT (KKL) nuclear power plant in Switzerland has opted to ship spent fuel to a central facility called ZWILAG for interim storage. In the mid-nineties, COGEMA LOGISTICS was contracted by KKL for the supply of the TN trademark a52L and TN trademark 97L transport and storage casks for BWR fuel types. In 2003, KKL also ordered from COGEMA LOGISTICS the supply of six TNae24 BHL transport and storage casks. This paper shows how all the three cask designs have responded to the KKL needs to ship and store BWR spent fuel. In addition, it highlights the already significant operational feedback of the TN trademark 52L and TN trademark 97L casks by the KKL and ZWILAG operators.

  18. SNRB{trademark} air toxics monitoring. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-01-01

    Babcock & Wilcox (B&W) is currently conducting a project under the DOE`s Clean Coal Technology (CCT II) Program to demonstrate its SO{sub x}NO{sub x}-Rox Box{trademark} (SNRB{trademark}) process in a 5 MWe Field Demonstration Unit at Ohio Edison`s R. E. Burger Plant near Shadyside, Ohio. The objective of the SNRB{trademark} Air Toxics Monitoring Project was to provide data on SNRB{trademark} air toxics emissions control performance to B&W and to add to the DOE/EPRI/EPA data base by quantifying the flow rates of selected hazardous substances (or air toxics) in all of the major input and output streams of the SNRB{trademark} process as well as the power plant. Work under the project included the collection and analysis of representative samples of all major input and output streams of the SNRB{trademark} demonstration unit and the power plant, and the subsequent laboratory analysis of these samples to determine the partitioning of the hazardous substances between the various process streams. Material balances for selected air toxics were subsequently calculated around the SNRB{trademark} and host boiler systems, including the removal efficiencies across each of the major air pollution control devices. This report presents results of the SNRB{trademark} Air Toxics Monitoring Project. In addition to the Introduction, a brief description of the test site, including the Boiler No. 8 and the SNRB{trademark} process, is included in Section H. The concentrations of air toxic emissions are presented in Section II according to compound class. Material balances are included in Section IV for three major systems: boiler, electrostatic precipitator, and SNRB{trademark}. Emission factors and removal efficiencies are also presented according to compound class in Sections V and VI, respectively. A data evaluation is provided in Section VII.

  19. Siphons for Geosiphon{trademark} Treatment Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Phifer, M.A.

    2001-07-26

    GeoSiphon{trademark} systems (patent pending) induce contaminated groundwater flow through permeable treatment media by utilizing a siphon between two points of hydraulic head difference. A siphon is a closed conduit that conveys liquid from a point of higher hydraulic head to one of lower head after raising it to a higher intermediate elevation, at sub-atmospheric conditions (negative gauge pressures or vacuum), without external power input. All surface waters and groundwaters contain dissolved gases, which degas within a siphon due to the vacuum and temperature within the siphon. Bubbles form, and if not properly managed will accumulate in the siphon, gradually reducing the flow rate until the system is ultimately shut down. Therefore appropriate management of gas within a siphon is the primary factor that must be considered to maintain continuous siphon flow. This report provides an overview of GeoSiphon technology and generic details concerning de-gassing in siphons and associated gas management methods.

  20. IF&P Fibrosic{trademark} filters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eggerstedt, P.M.

    1994-11-01

    The primary objective of this SBIR research program is to increase the performance, durability, and corrosion resistance of lightweight filter candles and filter tubesheet components (Fibrosic{trademark}), fabricated from vacuum formed chopped ceramic fiber (VFCCF), for use in advanced coal utilization applications. Phase I results proved that significant gains in material strength and particle retentivity are possible by treatment of VFCCF materials with colloidal ceramic oxides. Phase II efforts will show how these treated materials tolerate high temperature and vapor-phase alkali species, on a long-term basis. With good durability and corrosion resistance, high temperature capability, and a low installed and replacement cost, these novel materials will help promote commercial acceptance of ceramic candle filter technology, as well as increase the efficiency and reliability of coal utilization processes in general.

  1. Generic packaging: Challenges and defiances for the Trademark Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mabel Cándano Pérez

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work is to analyze the impact of generic packaging on tobacco products, with respect to the powers granted by the trademark registration to its owner and the effect on the distinctive functions of the trademark. In this sense, conflicting positions emerge, these are, on the one hand, the importance of protecting the collective rights associated with public health that seeks to protect the measure and, on the other, the need to protect trademark owners, for whom it is impossible to use their distinctive signs under the regulations that have begun to be applied in several countries of the world.

  2. The relevance of introducing opposition proceedings into the Serbian trademark legislation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasić Aleksandra

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the quality of certain legal procedures applied in domestic trademark legislation in the light of harmonizing our legislation with those of the EU. Trademark Law in the Republic of Serbia (2009 does not rely on opposition proceedings as a phase in the process of trademark registration and a tool that would ensure that only those trademarks that fulfill the necessary conditions are granted legal protection. Intellectual Property Office examines the so-called relative grounds for trademark registration refusal but does so ex officio, thus preventing the holders of trademark rights from benefiting from a relatively inexpensive and effective opposition procedure regarding the registration of a second trademark which violates their previously established rights. In contrast to our trademark laws, EU Council Regulation 207/2009 on Community Trademarks of February 26, 2009 (CTMR -Community trademark regulation enforces opposition proceedings as the most important phase in the process of trademark registration. European experience shows that opposition proceedings carry significant benefits for the process of trademark application. First of all, they allow the holders of previously established trademark rights to avoid long and costly court proceedings whose purpose is to dispute trademarks that violate the owner's rights. Also, state agencies authorizing in trademark approval no longer need to monitor registered trademarks.

  3. 75 FR 36294 - Correspondence With the United States Patent and Trademark Office

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-25

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office 37 CFR Parts 1, 102 and 104 RIN 0651-AC08 Correspondence With the United States Patent and Trademark Office AGENCY: United States Patent and Trademark Office, Commerce. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The United States Patent and Trademark Office (Office) is...

  4. Cases of Review and Adjudication and Lawsuit Involving Trademark Composed of Combination of Colours

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Case 1 The English applicant, the Standard Chartered PLC, filed, on 18 April 2002, an application with the Trademark Office for registration of a device trademark (See Fig. 1 below; hereinafter referred to as the trademark in point) in goods of class 16 of the International Classification, such as "paper, card board, book, magazine, and stationery". The applicant stated in the application that the trademark in point was one composed of combination of colours. Upon examination, the Trademark Office issued...

  5. Subsurface barrier validation with the SEAtrace{trademark} system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sandra Dalvit Dunn; William Lowry; Veraun Chipman

    1999-09-01

    Under contract to the Department of Energy, Science and Engineering Associates has completed development and testing of a subsurface barrier verification and monitoring system. This system, called SEAtrace{trademark}, is able to locate and size leaks with a high degree of accuracy in subsurface barriers that are emplaced in an unsaturated medium. It uses gaseous tracer injection, in-field real-time monitoring, and real time data analysis to evaluate barrier integrity. The approach is: Conservative as it measures vapor leaks in a containment system whose greatest risk is posed by liquid leaks; Applicable to any impermeable type of barrier emplacement technology in the unsaturated zone; Inexpensive as it uses readily available, non-toxic, nonhazardous gaseous tracers, does not require an inordinately large number of sampling points, and injection and sampling points can be emplaced by direct push techniques; Capable of assessing not only a barrier's initial integrity, but can also provide long-term monitoring. To date, six demonstrations of the system have been completed. Results from two of the demonstrations are detailed in this report. They include the final developmental demonstration of the SEAtrace system and a comparison demonstration of two tracer based verification technologies. The final developmental demonstration of SEAtrace was completed at a naval facility in Brunswick, Maine. The demonstration was funded solely by the DOE and was performed in cooperation with the US Navy, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the Maine Department of Environmental Protection.

  6. SINGLE-FACED GRAYQB{trademark} - A RADIATION MAPPING DEVICE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mayer, J.; Farfan, E.; Immel, D.; Phillips, M.; Bobbitt, J.; Plummer, J.

    2013-12-12

    GrayQb{trademark} is a novel technology that has the potential to characterize radioactively contaminated areas such as hot cells, gloveboxes, small and large rooms, hallways, and waste tanks. The goal of GrayQb{trademark} is to speed the process of decontaminating these areas, which reduces worker exposures and promotes ALARA considerations. The device employs Phosphorous Storage Plate (PSP) technology as its primary detector material. PSPs, commonly used for medical applications and non-destructive testing, can be read using a commercially available scanner. The goal of GrayQb{trademark} technology is to locate, quantify, and identify the sources of contamination. The purpose of the work documented in this report was to better characterize the performance of GrayQb{trademark} in its ability to present overlay images of the PSP image and the associated visual image of the location being surveyed. The results presented in this report are overlay images identifying the location of hot spots in both controlled and field environments. The GrayQb{trademark} technology has been mainly tested in a controlled environment with known distances and source characteristics such as specific known radionuclides, dose rates, and strength. The original concept for the GrayQb{trademark} device involved utilizing the six faces of a cube configuration and was designed to be positioned in the center of a contaminated area for 3D mapping. A smaller single-faced GrayQb{trademark}, dubbed GrayQb SF, was designed for the purpose of conducting the characterization testing documented in this report. This lighter 2D version is ideal for applications where entry ports are too small for a deployment of the original GrayQb™ version or where only a single surface is of interest. The shape, size, and weight of these two designs have been carefully modeled to account for most limitations encountered in hot cells, gloveboxes, and contaminated areas. GrayQb{trademark} and GrayQb{trademark} SF

  7. On-Orbit Teflon(trademark) FEP Degradation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townsend, Jacqueline; Hansen, Patricia A.; Dever, Joyce A.

    1999-01-01

    During the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Second Servicing Mission (SM2), degradation of unsupported Teflon(trademark) FEP (fluorinated ethylene propylene), used as the outer layer of the multi-layer insulation (MLI) blankets, was evident as large cracks on the telescope light shield. A sample of the degraded outer layer was retrieved during the mission and returned to Earth for ground testing and evaluation. The results of the Teflon(trademark) FEP sample evaluation and additional testing of pristine Teflon FEP led the investigative team to theorize that the HST damage was caused by thermal cycling with deep-layer damage from electron and proton radiation which allowed the propagation of cracks along stress concentrations, and that the damage increased with the combined total dose of electrons, protons, UV and x-rays along with thermal cycling. This paper discusses the testing and evaluation of the Teflon(trademark) FEP.

  8. Writing the new playbook for U.S. health care: lessons from Wisconsin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toussaint, John

    2009-01-01

    U.S. taxpayers waste far too much money on health care that is merely average or worse. Some health care providers, including ThedaCare, a major Wisconsin health care company, are using the tools of lean manufacturing to eliminate millions of dollars of waste that obstructs the provision of effective medicine. ThedaCare studies care delivery processes to improve care and lower costs. Lessons from lean manufacturing and the Institute for Healthcare Improvement are lowering incidence of preterm births, improving heart attack response rates, and changing the way care is delivered in hospitals to a collaborative, team-based approach.

  9. The inner containment of an EPR trademark pressurized water reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ostermann, Dirk; Krumb, Christian; Wienand, Burkhard [AREVA GmbH, Offenbach (Germany)

    2014-08-15

    On February 12, 2014 the containment pressure and subsequent leak tightness tests on the containment of the Finnish Olkiluoto 3 EPR trademark reactor building were completed successfully. The containment of an EPR trademark pressurized water reactor consists of an outer containment to protect the reactor building against external hazards (such as airplane crash) and of an inner containment that is subjected to internal overpressure and high temperature in case of internal accidents. The current paper gives an overview of the containment structure, the design criteria, the validation by analyses and experiments and the containment pressure test.

  10. A Study of the Translation of Automobile Trademark

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘硕

    2014-01-01

    Name is an interesting thing, almost everything has its name. Nowadays along with the rising of consumption levels in China, the brand name of the car becomes an important topic. And the translation of the name of the automobile is the primary task for establishing the global image of the brand. In this paper, I summarize the translation methods for automobile trademarks and point out the importance of the translation of automobile’s trademarks. In addition, this paper explores the trend in the trans-lation of automobile names in China.

  11. 7 CFR 1219.57 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, publications, and product formulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, publications, and..., and Information Order Budgets, Expenses, and Assessments § 1219.57 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, publications, and product formulations. (a) Any patents, copyrights, trademarks, inventions,...

  12. 75 FR 38543 - Patent, Trademark and Copyright Acts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Geological Survey Patent, Trademark and Copyright Acts AGENCY: Geological Survey, Interior. ACTION: Notice of..., Bridgeville, PA 15017 on U.S. Patent No. 6,485,696 B1, entitled ``Recovery/Removal of Metallic Elements...

  13. Future{at}Labs.Prosperity Game{trademark}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beck, D.F.; Boyack, K.W.; Berman, M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Innovative Alliances Dept.

    1996-10-01

    Prosperity Games{trademark} are an outgrowth and adaptation of move/countermove and seminar War Games, Prosperity Games{trademark} are simulations that explore complex issues in a variety of areas including economics, politics, sociology, environment, education, and research. These issues can be examined from a variety of perspectives ranging from global, macroeconomic and geopolitical viewpoint down to the details of customer/supplier/market interactions specific industries. All Prosperity Games{trademark} are unique in that both the game format and the player contributions vary from game to game. This report documents the Future{at}Labs.Prosperity Game{trademark} conducted under the sponsorship of the Industry Advisory Boards of the national labs, the national labs, Lockheed Martin Corporation, and the University of California. Players were drawn from all stakeholders involved including government, industry, labs, and academia. The primary objectives of this game were to: (1) explore ways to optimize the role of the multidisciplinary labs in serving national missions and needs; (2) explore ways to increase collaboration and partnerships among government, laboratories, universities, and industry; and (3) create a network of partnership champions to promote findings and policy options. The deliberations and recommendations of these players provided valuable insights as to the views of this diverse group of decision makers concerning the future of the labs.

  14. Application of foresight methods in applications for patents and trademarks in Spain; Aplicacion de metodos de prevision en las solicitudes de patentes y marcas en Espana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hidalgo Nuchera, A.; Glabaly Marquez, S.

    2011-07-01

    Patent and trademark offices which run according to principles of new management have an inherent need for dependable forecasting data in planning capacity and service levels. The predictive approach adopted for the time series of Spanish patents and trademarks applications (1979-2009) has been the use of different techniques of time series prediction in a short-term time horizon. The methods used can be grouped into two specifics areas: regression models of trends and time series models advanced. The results of this study show that it is possible to model the series of patents and trademarks applications with different models, especially ARIMA, with satisfactory model adjustment and relatively low error. (Author) 33 refs.

  15. Ansible playbook essentials

    CERN Document Server

    Shah, Gourav

    2015-01-01

    If you are a systems or automation engineer who intends to automate common infrastructure tasks, deploy applications, and use orchestration to configure systems in a coordinated manner, then this book is for you. Some understanding of the Linux/Unix command-line interface is expected.

  16. The Lead Partner Playbook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Ji Hea Jay

    2012-01-01

    Help Wanted: Innovative, strategic-thinking entrepreneurs to turn around groups of low-performing schools. Competitive benefits, including working in newly formed operating units with charter-like autonomy, access to district's back-office resources and buildings, $3.5 billion federal money, and opportunity to transform schools for hundreds of…

  17. The AMTEX Partnership{trademark}. Fourth quarter FY95 report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    The AMTEX Partnership{trademark} is a collaborative research and development program among the US Integrated Textile Industry, the Department of Energy (DOE), the national laboratories, other federal agencies and laboratories, and universities. The goal of AMTEX is to strengthen the competitiveness of this vital industry, thereby preserving and creating US jobs. The operations and program management of the AMTEX Partnership{trademark} is provided by the Program Office. This report is produced by the Program Office on a quarterly basis and provides information on the progress, operations, and project management of the partnership. Progress is reported on the following projects: computer-aided fabric evaluation; cotton biotechnology; demand activated manufacturing architecture; electronic embedded fingerprints; on-line process control for flexible fiber manufacturing; rapid cutting; sensors for agile manufacturing; and textile resource conservation.

  18. The AMTEX Partnership{trademark}. Fourth quarter FY95 report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    The AMTEX Partnership{trademark} is a collaborative research and development program among the US Integrated Textile Industry, the Department of Energy (DOE), the national laboratories, other federal agencies and laboratories, and universities. The goal of AMTEX is to strengthen the competitiveness of this vital industry, thereby preserving and creating US jobs. The operations and program management of the AMTEX Partnership{trademark} is provided by the Program Office. This report is produced by the Program Office on a quarterly basis and provides information on the progress, operations, and project management of the partnership. Progress is reported on the following projects: computer-aided fabric evaluation; cotton biotechnology; demand activated manufacturing architecture; electronic embedded fingerprints; on-line process control for flexible fiber manufacturing; rapid cutting; sensors for agile manufacturing; and textile resource conservation.

  19. Non-registered Trademarks Should Not Be Protected: Protection of Non-registered Trademarks as Viewed in the Little Fat Sheep Case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao; Canhua

    2005-01-01

      Many reports are positive comments on the case,arguing that the protection of the nonregistered famous service mark, the Little Fat Sheep,should be under the same protection for a registered well-known trademark and holding that the Little Fat Sheep Corporation is entitled to the exclusive right to use the LITTLE FAT SHEEP trademark.……

  20. Non-registered Trademarks Should Not Be Protected: Protection of Non-registered Trademarks as Viewed in the Little Fat Sheep Case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Canhua

    2005-01-01

    @@ Many reports are positive comments on the case,arguing that the protection of the nonregistered famous service mark, the Little Fat Sheep,should be under the same protection for a registered well-known trademark and holding that the Little Fat Sheep Corporation is entitled to the exclusive right to use the LITTLE FAT SHEEP trademark.

  1. Trademarks, consumer protection and domain names on the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hana Kelblová

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with current problems of the conflict of domain names on the Internet with trade marks in relation to the consumer protection. The aim of the article is to refer to ways and means of protection against of the speculative registration of a domain name. In the Czech legal order these means represent legal regulation of the unfair competition in Commercial Code, regulation of liability for damage together with the Trademarks Act.

  2. Pilot plant tests of Z-Sorb{trademark} sorbent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greenwood, G.J.; Khare, G.P.; Kubicek, D.H.; Delzer, G.A.; Kinsinger, D.L.

    1995-06-01

    The objective of this work is to determine the long-term chemical reactivity and mechanical durability of Phillips Petroleum Company`s (PPCo`s) proprietary Z-Sorb{trademark} sorbent. Materials developed for fixed-, moving- and fluid bed desulfurization of coal derived gases at high pressure (5-20 atm) and moderate operating temperatures (600-1000{degrees}F) will be discussed.

  3. SHORT CONSIDERATIONS ON THE USE OF TRADE INDICATORS AS TRADEMARKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PAUL-GEORGE BUTA

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available In today's global marketplace products and services are exchanged internationally not only by large companies wielding a large portfolio of internationally protected trademarks but also by small enterprises and even individuals who have neither the resources nor an interest in the building of such a portfolio. Since they are nonetheless economic agents using either their own or others' trade indicators to indicate the origin and quality of the products and services they provide or simply to advertise them, the present paper addresses some of the issues arising out of that use which is akin to trademark use in what regards said products and services. Special attention is paid to the change in purpose of the trade indicators when used as trademarks and the effects said change causes in the legal protection conferred to those trade indicators. Moreover the possible conflicts between such rights are shortly analyzed and the means for resolution of such conflicts briefly reviewed. Far from being an exhaustive study of the issues raised the present paper aims at identifying these issues and pointing to contentious points to be addressed by future research.

  4. Radiant{trademark} Liquid Radioisotope Intravascular Radiation Therapy System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eigler, N.; Whiting, J.; Chernomorsky, A.; Jackson, J.; Knapp, F.F., Jr.; Litvack, F.

    1998-01-16

    RADIANT{trademark} is manufactured by United States Surgical Corporation, Vascular Therapies Division, (formerly Progressive Angioplasty Systems). The system comprises a liquid {beta}-radiation source, a shielded isolation/transfer device (ISAT), modified over-the-wire or rapid exchange delivery balloons, and accessory kits. The liquid {beta}-source is Rhenium-188 in the form of sodium perrhenate (NaReO{sub 4}), Rhenium-188 is primarily a {beta}-emitter with a physical half-life of 17.0 hours. The maximum energy of the {beta}-particles is 2.1 MeV. The source is produced daily in the nuclear pharmacy hot lab by eluting a Tungsten-188/Rhenium-188 generator manufactured by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Using anion exchange columns and Millipore filters the effluent is concentrated to approximately 100 mCi/ml, calibrated, and loaded into the (ISAT) which is subsequently transported to the cardiac catheterization laboratory. The delivery catheters are modified Champion{trademark} over-the-wire, and TNT{trademark} rapid exchange stent delivery balloons. These balloons have thickened polyethylene walls to augment puncture resistance; dual radio-opaque markers and specially configured connectors.

  5. On the Role of Trademark Use in Trademark Infringement Determination%论商标使用在商标侵权判定中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚鹤徽

    2015-01-01

    Trademark use is the basic category of the trademark law, the source of trademark right, the basic standard to maintain the trademark rights and also an important pre-element of trademark infringement determination. In the judicial trial of trademark infringement, the court should first investigate if the defendant uses the trademark of holder. Only the defendant uses the trademark of holder, does the court need to further discuss if the behavior is likely to cause consumer confusion. If the defendant does not use the trademark of holder, the court can determine that the defendant’s act does not constitute infringement of trademark confusion and is unnecessary to make an analysis of the confusion likelihood by the standard of the confusion likelihood.%商标使用是商标法中的基本范畴,是商标权产生的源泉,是商标权维系的基本标准,也是商标侵权判定的重要前置性要件。在商标侵权的司法审判中,法院应首先考察被诉人使用商标权人商标的行为是否是商标使用行为,只有被诉人的行为是商标使用行为,才需要进一步探讨其行为是否容易造成消费者混淆。如果被诉人的使用行为根本不是在商标标示来源意义上的使用,法院就能够确定被告的行为并不构成商标混淆侵权,无须再适用混淆可能性标准并进行混淆可能性的分析。

  6. The Effects of the Coffee Trademarking Initiative and Starbucks Publicity on Export Prices of Ethiopian Coffee

    OpenAIRE

    Arslan, Aslıhan; Reicher, Christopher Phillip

    2010-01-01

    The Ethiopian government initiated the Ethiopian Coffee Trademarking and Licensing Initiative in 2004 for three coffee origins: Sidama, Yirgacheffe and Harar. Following a court case between Starbucks and the Ethiopian government regarding this initiative, Oxfam organized a publicity campaign. This paper evaluates the effect of these interventions on the export prices of trademarked Ethiopian coffees. We find that the prices of the trademarked coffees increased by about 10\\% following these in...

  7. Combining Block and Corner Features for Content-Based Trademark Retrieval

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HONG Zhiling; JIANG Qingshan; WU Meihong

    2007-01-01

    In order to retrieve a similarly look trademark from a large trademark database, an automatic content based trademark retrieval method using block hit statistic and comer Delaunay Triangulation features was proposed. The block features are derived from the hit statistic on a series of concentric ellipse. The comers are detected based on an enhanced SUSAN (Smallest Univalue Segment Assimilating Nucleus) algorithm and the Delaunay Triangulation of corner points are used as the corner features. Experiments have been conducted on the MPEG-7 Core Experiment CE-Shape-1 database of 1 400 images and a trademark database of 2 000 images. The retrieval results are very encouraging.

  8. Unsupervised symmetrical trademark image retrieval in soccer telecast using wavelet energy and quadtree decomposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ong, Swee Khai; Lim, Wee Keong; Soo, Wooi King

    2013-04-01

    Trademark, a distinctive symbol, is used to distinguish products or services provided by a particular person, group or organization from other similar entries. As trademark represents the reputation and credit standing of the owner, it is important to differentiate one trademark from another. Many methods have been proposed to identify, classify and retrieve trademarks. However, most methods required features database and sample sets for training prior to recognition and retrieval process. In this paper, a new feature on wavelet coefficients, the localized wavelet energy, is introduced to extract features of trademarks. With this, unsupervised content-based symmetrical trademark image retrieval is proposed without the database and prior training set. The feature analysis is done by an integration of the proposed localized wavelet energy and quadtree decomposed regional symmetrical vector. The proposed framework eradicates the dependence on query database and human participation during the retrieval process. In this paper, trademarks for soccer games sponsors are the intended trademark category. Video frames from soccer telecast are extracted and processed for this study. Reasonably good localization and retrieval results on certain categories of trademarks are achieved. A distinctive symbol is used to distinguish products or services provided by a particular person, group or organization from other similar entries.

  9. The GraFIC TM Facility Management Software [TM = Trademark Symbol

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Younkin, J.R.; Dunigan, J.J.; Gaby, J.E.; Hickerson, T.W.; Pickett, C.A.

    2002-06-01

    The Graphical Facility Information System{trademark} (GraFIC{trademark}) is an intelligent facility and information management system that provides near real time, verifiable status of safeguarded materials in a nuclear storage facility. GraFIC{trademark} is a versatile software package that is designed to operate in a distributed computing environment and to provide item and facility activity information to an unlimited number of authorized clients. Recent extensions to GraFIC{trademark} include the ability to link graphical entities to multimedia documents, interfaces to multiple material control and accountability systems, and alternate data entry and operator interaction mechanisms. Relevant multimedia documents such as still images and iPIX{trademark} immersive images can be summoned on demand from their icons on floor plans. An iPIX{trademark} image server, equipped with the appropriate sensors can signal GraFIC{trademark} that an event that warrants the review of a series of saved iPIX{trademark} images has occurred. GraFIC{trademark} provides mechanisms for presenting information obtained from sensor-based monitoring systems and/or other information systems in a common, easy-to-use graphical format. GraFIC{trademark} was initially integrated with the Continuous Automated Vault Inventory System's (CAVIS{trademark} ) suite of rugged, low-cost sensors that remotely monitor the physical and/or assigned attributes associated with stored nuclear materials. GraFIC{trademark} can now interface with the ReflectoActive Seals{trademark} (RASeals) System. The framework designed for the RASeals interface is suitable for integrating with other systems, such as SmartShelf{trademark} . GraFIC{trademark} can import existing data for stored material from other information systems. By retrieving existing information from other information systems, the expense, effort, and possible inaccuracies associated with manual entry are eliminated. Another data entry method involves

  10. Characterization of radioactive contamination inside pipes with the Pipe Explorer{sup trademark} system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cremer, C.D.; Lowry, W.; Cramer, E. [Science and Engineering Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [and others

    1995-10-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy`s nuclear facility decommissioning program needs to characterize radiological contamination inside piping systems before the pipe can be recycled, remediated, or disposed. Historically, this has been attempted using hand held survey instrumentation, surveying only the accessible exterior portions of pipe systems. Difficulty, or inability of measuring threshold surface contamination values, worker exposure, and physical access constraints have limited the effectiveness of this approach. Science and Engineering associates, Inc. under contract with the DOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center has developed and demonstrated the Pipe Explorer{trademark} system, which uses an inverting membrane to transport various characterization sensors into pipes. The basic process involves inverting (turning inside out) a tubular impermeable membrane under air pressure. A characterization sensor is towed down the interior of the pipe by the membrane.

  11. MCNP{trademark} Monte Carlo: A precis of MCNP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adams, K.J.

    1996-06-01

    MCNP{trademark} is a general purpose three-dimensional time-dependent neutron, photon, and electron transport code. It is highly portable and user-oriented, and backed by stringent software quality assurance practices and extensive experimental benchmarks. The cross section database is based upon the best evaluations available. MCNP incorporates state-of-the-art analog and adaptive Monte Carlo techniques. The code is documented in a 600 page manual which is augmented by numerous Los Alamos technical reports which detail various aspects of the code. MCNP represents over a megahour of development and refinement over the past 50 years and an ongoing commitment to excellence.

  12. The AMTEX Partnership{trademark}. Fourth quarter report, September 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lemon, D.K.; Quisenberry, R.K.

    1994-06-01

    The AMTEX Partnership{trademark} is a collaborative research and development program among the US Integrated Textile Industry, the Department of Energy (DOE), the DOE laboratories, other federal agencies and laboratories, and universities. The goal of AMTEX is to strengthen the competitiveness of this vital industry, thereby preserving and creating US jobs. The operational and program management of the AMTEX Partnership is provided by the Program Office. This report is produced by the Program Office on a quarterly basis and provides information on the progress, operations, and project management of the partnership.

  13. The AMTEX Partnership{trademark}. Fourth quarter report, September 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lemon, D.K.; Quisenberry, R.K.

    1994-06-01

    The AMTEX Partnership{trademark} is a collaborative research and development program among the US Integrated Textile Industry, the Department of Energy (DOE), the DOE laboratories, other federal agencies and laboratories, and universities. The goal of AMTEX is to strengthen the competitiveness of this vital industry, thereby preserving and creating US jobs. The operational and program management of the AMTEX Partnership is provided by the Program Office. This report is produced by the Program Office on a quarterly basis and provides information on the progress, operations, and project management of the partnership.

  14. Non-infringement Suit Involving Dispute over Trademark Infringement--Comments on the Case of Peter Rabbit Trademarks infringement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiang Ying

    2005-01-01

    @@ The Case in Brief The plaintiff: the China Social Sciences Press (CSSP) The defendant: Frederick Warne & Co., Ltd. (FW) Cause of action: Dispute involving establishment of non-infringement of the exclusive right to use registered trademarks In April,2003, the CSSP published a series of books entitled the Peter Rabbit Series, which comprises four separate volumes of books: the Tale of Peter Rabbit,the Tale of Mrs Tittlemouse, the Tale of Tom Kitten, and the Tale of Pigling Bland.This series, published in Chinese and English, had collected 19 fairy tales written by the woman English writer Beatrix Potter, who passed away over 50 years ago.

  15. On Legal Regulation of the Nickname Trademark by Trademark Law%论外号商标应受商标法调整

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨凤祥

    2014-01-01

    外号商标是公众对经营者商标的别称或简称。外号商标之上存在原商标所有人的商誉,放任外号商标的使用会导致消费者混淆与原商标符号价值弱化。但由于外号商标不是经营者自己使用的商标,故不属于现行《商标法》调整的商标。在现有知识产权制度框架之下,虽然可用“知名商品的特有名称权”规范外号商标,但这种方案只能解一时之需,其存在论证上的逻辑瑕疵,且会过重保护外号商标而有损公众对可商标资源的获取。因此,从完善商标法的角度,应当在商标法中构建外号商标的保护制度。%Nickname trademark is an alternative name or abbreviation of business operator ’ s trademark which has been given by the public .Good will of original trademark shows itself on the nickname trademark .It will result in confusion and reduction of symbolic value of original trademark if we take laissez‐faire attitude towards the usage of nickname .The nickname trademark can’t be regulated by T rademark Law because it is not a trademark used by business operators themselves . Under current intellectual property right legal system ,nickname can be regulated through rules of peculiar name of well‐known goods ,but it is only a temporary solution .There is a logical defect existing in its rational argumentation .And it also overburdens obligation to the public ,and may affect the public’s access to trademark resource .In order to balance the interest conflict among ow ner of original trademark ,the public and third party ,the ow ner of original trademark shall have the right to forbid other people from using or registering nickname trademark under certain conditions ,but they shall not have the right to claim damages .

  16. On Limitation of Action against Acts of Continuous Infringement of Trademark Right

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang; Ze

    2005-01-01

      The right to claim for damages for infringement is of the character of credit and an object of limitation of action. In case of trademark right infringement, the provision on limitation of action of the General Principles of the Civil Law also apply to the trademark proprietor's right to claim for damages for infringement.……

  17. On Limitation of Action against Acts of Continuous Infringement of Trademark Right

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Ze

    2005-01-01

    @@ The right to claim for damages for infringement is of the character of credit and an object of limitation of action. In case of trademark right infringement, the provision on limitation of action of the General Principles of the Civil Law also apply to the trademark proprietor's right to claim for damages for infringement.

  18. 78 FR 37210 - Request of the United States Patent and Trademark Office for Public Comments: Voluntary Best...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-20

    ... intellectual property infringement that occurs online--such as copyright piracy and trademark counterfeiting... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE United States Patent and Trademark Office Request of the United States Patent and Trademark Office...

  19. 76 FR 59114 - Request for Comments on Establishment of a One-Year Retention Period for Trademark-Related Papers...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-23

    ... the scanning of such paper documents. ] DATES: Comment Deadline Date: To be ensured of consideration... United States Patent and Trademark Office Request for Comments on Establishment of a One-Year Retention Period for Trademark-Related Papers That Have Been Scanned Into the Trademark Initial Capture...

  20. Development of the SEA Corporation Powergrid{trademark} photovoltaic concentrator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaminar, N.; Curchod, D.; Daroczi, S.; Walpert, M.; Sahagian, J.; Pepper, J. [Photovoltaics International, LLC, Sunnyvale, CA (United States)

    1998-03-01

    This report covers the three phase effort to bring the SEA Corporation`s Powergrid{trademark} from the concept stage to pilot production. The three phases of this contract covered component development, prototype module development, and pilot line production. The Powergrid is a photovoltaic concentrator that generates direct current electricity directly from sunlight using a linear Fresnel lens. Analysis has shown that the Powergrid has the potential to be very low cost in volume production. Before the start of the project, only proof of concept demonstrations of the components had been completed. During the project, SEA Corporation developed a low cost extruded Fresnel lens, a low cost receiver assembly using one sun type cells, a low cost plastic module housing, a single axis tracking system and frame structure, and pilot production equipment and techniques. In addition, an 800 kW/yr pilot production rate was demonstrated and two 40 kW systems were manufactured and installed.

  1. Evaluation of a hemostatic device with percutaneous collagen application (VasoSeal {sup trademark}) compared to a mechanical compression system (Compressar {sup trademark} -) after transfemoral catheterization of patients suffering from arterial occlusive disease; Evaluation eines Verschlusssystems mit perkutaner Kollageneinbringung (VasoSeal {sup trademark}) im Vergleich zu einem mechanischen Kompressionssystem (Compressar {sup trademark} -) nach Femoralispunktion bei Patienten mit AVK

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neudecker, A.; Lenhart, M.; Zorger, N.; Paetzel, C.; Feuerbach, S.; Link, J. [Inst. fuer Roentgendiagnostik, Klinikum der Univ. Regensburg (Germany); Manke, C. [Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie, Klinikum Fulda (Germany)

    2003-05-01

    Purpose: Comparison of the efficacy of VasoSeal {sup trademark} and a mechanical compression system (Compressar {sup trademark}) for percutaneous hemostasis after femoral arterial catheterization of patients with arterial occlusive disease. Materials and Methods: 60 patients underwent either diagnostic angiography or interventional procedures. The level of anticoagulation, blood pressure, and activation clotting time were recorded, and the time to hemostasis after sheath removal was measured. VasoSeal {sup trademark} application was considered ''successful'' if the compression time was less than two minutes. On the subsequent day as well as 4 months later, color coded Doppler ultrasound was performed to register treatment success and potential (late) complications. Results: 57 patients qualified for inclusion in this study. In 21 of the 26 patients who underwent the procedure with the VasoSeal {sup trademark}, immediate hemostasis was achieved within 1.75 minutes. In all 31 patients who had the Compressar {sup trademark} applied, hemostasis was successful with a mean compression time of 17.4 minutes. Thus, VasoSeal {sup trademark} significantly reduced hemostasis time irrespective of anticoagulation status, but it had a much higher incidence of minor local complications (bleeding, hematoma) compared to the control group (34.6% vs. 5.8%). The technical success was lower with VasoSeal {sup trademark} than with Compressar {sup trademark} (81% vs. 100%). Both groups had no severe or late complications. Conclusion: According to our results, VasoSeal {sup trademark} does not provide a suitable alternative compared to the effective, safe and cheap application of Compressar {sup trademark} as a hemostatic device. (orig.) [German] Ziel: Effizienz von VasoSeal trademark als perkutanes Verschlusssystem nach Punktion der Femoralarterie bei Patienten mit AVK im Vergleich zur mechanischen Kompressionshilfe Compressar trademark. Material und Methoden

  2. ReflectoActive{trademark} Seals for Materials Control and Accountability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richardson, G.D.; Younkin, J.R.; Bell, Z.W.

    2002-01-01

    The ReflectoActive{trademark} Seals system, a continuously monitored fiber optic, active seal technology, provides real-time tamper indication for large arrays of storage containers. The system includes a PC running the RFAS software, an Immediate Detection Unit (IDU), an Optical Time Domain Reflectometer (OTDR), links of fiber optic cable, and the methods and devices used to attach the fiber optic cable to the containers. When a breach on any of the attached fiber optic cable loops occurs, the IDU immediately signals the connected computer to control the operations of an OTDR to seek the breach location. The ReflectoActive{trademark} Seals System can be adapted for various types of container closure designs and implemented in almost any container configuration. This automatic protection of valued assets can significantly decrease the time and money required for surveillance. The RFAS software is the multi-threaded, client-server application that monitors and controls the components of the system. The software administers the security measures such as a two-person rule as well as continuous event logging. Additionally the software's architecture provides a secure method by which local or remote clients monitor the system and perform administrative tasks. These features provide the user with a robust system to meet today's material control and accountability needs. A brief overview of the hardware, and different hardware configurations will be given. The architecture of the system software, and its benefits will then be discussed. Finally, the features to be implemented in future versions of the system will be presented.

  3. Advanced power conversion based on the Aerocapacitor{trademark}. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roark, D.

    1997-03-05

    This report summarizes work performed under contract No. DE-FC07-94ID13283, {open_quotes}Advanced Power Conversion Based on the Aerocapacitors{trademark}.{close_quotes} Under this contract high power density, high energy density, organic electrolyte Aerocapacitors{trademark} were developed and characterized for power conversion applications. Pilot facilities for manufacturing prototype AA-size Aerocapacitors{trademark} were put in place. The low ESR and good frequency response of these devices show that they are ideal components for high discharge rate and low to moderate frequency (< 10 kHz) applications such as power conversion.

  4. Silicon-Film{trademark} Solar Cells by a Flexible Manufacturing System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Culik, J. S.; Rand, J. A.; Bai, Y.; Bower, J. R.; Cummings, J. R.; Goncharovsky, I.; Jonczyk, R.; Sims, P. E.; Hall, R. B.; Barnett, A. M.

    1999-09-13

    AstroPower is developing a manufacturing process for Silicon-Film{trademark} solar cell production under the Photovoltaic Manufacturing Technology (PVMaT) cost-share program. This document reports on results from the first phase of a three-phase effort. Progress is reported on developing new procedures and equipment for in-line wet-chemical processes, metallization processes, sheet fabrication, solar cell processing, module assembly, solar cell testing, metallurgical-grade silicon purification, and recycling of Silicon-Film{trademark} sheet materials. Future concepts and goals for the Silicon-Film{trademark} process are also discussed.

  5. Trademark protection for store designs. One trademark a day keeps apple’s competitors away

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas Farkas

    2014-01-01

    Companies spend a significant part of their investment in order to create a Brand experience for the consumer. Besides large sums spent on the design of consumer goods, companies such as Apple are eager to create a brand experience by implementing a certain store design. Hence, these companies have a well-reasoned urge to protect such distinct store designs utilizing the current intellectual property system. In the tradition of the U.S. approach, where the get-up of a business venue can be pr...

  6. Trademark protection for store designs. One trademark a day keeps apple’s competitors away

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Farkas

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Companies spend a significant part of their investment in order to create a Brand experience for the consumer. Besides large sums spent on the design of consumer goods, companies such as Apple are eager to create a brand experience by implementing a certain store design. Hence, these companies have a well-reasoned urge to protect such distinct store designs utilizing the current intellectual property system. In the tradition of the U.S. approach, where the get-up of a business venue can be protected by trade dress law, the most recent European Jurisprudence seems to tend towards the protection of such a get-up by trade mark law. As this could be good news for companies with a distinct store concept and design, this new approach also raises some concern: How will the protection of the get-up of a business venue affect competition? What are the measures to guarantee only distinct and non-functional store designs will find their way into the holy land of trade mark protection? This article analyzes and compares the current legal situation in the U.S. and the EU and discusses the available measures in place that will safeguard an undistorted competition.

  7. Trademark protection for store designs. One trademark a day keeps apple’s competitors away

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Farkas

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Companies spend a significant part of their investment in order to create a Brand experience for the consumer. Besides large sums spent on the design of consumer goods, companies such as Apple are eager to create a brand experience by implementing a certain store design. Hence, these companies have a well-reasoned urge to protect such distinct store designs utilizing the current intellectual property system. In the tradition of the U.S. approach, where the get-up of a business venue can be protected by trade dress law, the most recent European Jurisprudence seems to tend towards the protection of such a get-up by trade mark law. As this could be good news for companies with a distinct store concept and design, this new approach also raises some concern: How will the protection of the get-up of a business venue affect competition? What are the measures to guarantee only distinct and non-functional store designs will find their way into the holy land of trade mark protection? This article analyzes and compares the current legal situation in the U.S. and the EU and discusses the available measures in place that will safeguard an undistorted competition.

  8. “Mark my words” - Trademarks and Fundamental Rights in the EU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schovsbo, Jens Hemmingsen

    2017-01-01

    This paper analyses the new provision in EU law that trademark rules should be “applied in a way that ensures full respect for fundamental rights and freedoms, and in particular the freedom of expression”. It is first pointed out that the new provisions are part of a broader trend of ‘constitiuti......This paper analyses the new provision in EU law that trademark rules should be “applied in a way that ensures full respect for fundamental rights and freedoms, and in particular the freedom of expression”. It is first pointed out that the new provisions are part of a broader trend...... background for the changes and the development in copyright law the likely impact of the changes in law is discussed. It is concluded that even though the constitutionalization is not going to revolutionize trademark law, it may well accelerate an evolution of EU trademark law and make it more receptive...

  9. A Case of Infringement Upon Exclusive Trademark Right of "Funandan" of the US FMC Corporation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Facts of the Case In January 1996, the US FMC Cor-poration filed, through its Chinese Agent,an complaint with the Administration for Industry and Commerce of Zhabei District, Shanghai, accusing the Shang-hai Agricultural Production Materials Company (SAPMC) of infringement of its exclusive right to use the "Funandan" trademark which FMC has registered in China according to law by selling pesti-cide bearing the passing-off"Funandan "trademark.

  10. Corrosion study in the chemical air separation (MOLTOX trademark ) process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Doohee; Wong, Kai P.; Archer, R.A.; Cassano, A.A.

    1988-12-01

    This report presents the results of studies aimed at solving the corrosion problems encountered during operation of the MOLTOX{trademark} pilot plant. These studies concentrated on the screening of commercial and developmental alloys under conditions simulating operation conditions in this high temperature molten salt process. Process economic studies were preformed in parallel with the laboratory testing to ensure that an economically feasible solution would be achieved. In addition to the above DOE co-funded studies, Air Products and Chemicals pursued proprietary studies aimed at developing a less corrosive salt mixture which would potentially allow the use of chemurgically available alloys such as stainless steels throughout the system. These studies will not be reported here; however, the results of corrosion tests in the new less corrosive salt mixtures are reported. Because our own studies on salt chemistry impacts heavily on the overall process and thereby has an influence on the experimental work conducted under this contract, some of the studies discussed here were impacted by our own proprietary data. Therefore, the reasons behind some of the experiments presented herein will not be explained because that information is proprietary to Air Products. 14 refs., 42 figs., 21 tabs.

  11. The AMTEX Partnership{trademark}: Policy and procedures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-08-01

    The AMTEX Partnership is a path-finding research and development collaboration among the US Department of Energy, the contract operators of its national laboratories, and research, education, technology transfer (RETT) consortia representing the integrated textile industry. The goal of AMTEX is to strengthen the competitiveness of the US textile industry. The complex nature of the collaboration requires consistent and reliable policy direction. The policies, stated in the form of a Mission, Vision, and Key Principles have remained largely unchanged since the inception of AMTEX in March of 1993. The policies define the primary roles and public accountabilities of the AMTEX participants whether in government, industry, or federal research laboratories. The organizational structure and procedures of AMTEX have evolved as better ways were found to implement and fulfill the intent of the Mission, Vision, and Key Principles. This document describes the policies and procedures of the AMTEX Partnership{trademark} as approved by the AMTEX Operating Committee on July 20, 1995. It supersedes all previous AMTEX policies and procedures.

  12. Performance evaluation of the PITBULL{trademark} pump for the removal of hazardous waste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hatchell, B.K.; Combs, W.H.; Hymas, C.R.; Powell, M.R.; Rinker, M.W.; White, M.

    1998-09-01

    One objective of the Waste Removal Project at the Department of Energy`s Savannah River Site (SRS) is to explore methods to successfully remove waste heels that will remain in the high-level waste tanks after bulk waste removal has been completed. Tank closure is not possible unless this residue is removed. As much as 151,000 liters of residue can remain after a conventional waste removal campaign. The waste heels can be comprised of sludge, zeolite, and silica. The heels are generally hardened or compacted insoluble particulate with relatively rapid settling velocities. A PITBULL{trademark} pump is being considered by SRS to retrieve sludge-type waste from Tank 19. Sections 1 through 4 of this report present the scope and objectives of the test program, describe the principles of operation of the PITBULL, and present the test approach, set-up, and instrumentation. Test results, including pumping rates with water and slurry, are provided in Section 5, along with considerations for remote operation. Conclusions and recommendations are provided in Section 6.

  13. Ceramicrete{trademark} Stabilization of CST Resin: ITP Alternative Phase III Feasibility Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Langton, C A

    1998-12-07

    The Ceramicrete{trademark} waste form is a magnesium phosphate hydrate, which sets as the result of an acid-base reaction between KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4} and MgO in the presence of water. Based on the results of this feasibility study, this low temperature ceramic waste form is acceptable for stabilization of cesium loaded crystalline silicotitanate (CST) resin. The performance objective of CST stabilization is to convert a friable powdered resin into a monolithic form to improve handling and storage and to reduce the waste mobility. Advantages of this type of the CST-Ceramicrete{trademark} waste form include: room temperature processing of a fluid slurry, limited off gas, flexible mix designs, rapid setting, no free liquids, temperature tolerant and durable up to at least 90 degrees C. The Ceramicrete/220 waste form can be processed by in-container mixing or by batch mixing. Since a trace amount of free water will be associated with the wet resin in the CST-Ceramicrete{trademark} waste form, radiolysis of the free water may cause pressurization of the containers. Leaching tests were conducted to evaluate the CST-Ceramicrete{trademark} waste form performance relative to high-level waste glass. Results were very encouraging given that only one waste loading (50 wt. percent resin) was tested and that the leaching procedures were not fully optimized for a non-glass waste form. In general, the cesium leachability per the PCT test of the CST-Ceramicrete{trademark} waste was about 2X more than that of the ARM glass and about 200X more than the EA glass. For monolithic samples (MCC-1 test), the CST-Ceramicrete{trademark} waste form leached 4X to7X more cesium than the ARM glass. (The EA glass is not suited to monolithic leaching.) The CST-Ceramicrete{trademark} leaching results appear to be independent of curing temperature over the range 24 to 90 degrees C.

  14. Environmental Factor{trademark} system: RCRA hazardous waste handler information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Environmental Factor{trademark} RCRA Hazardous Waste Handler Information on CD-ROM unleashes the invaluable information found in two key EPA data sources on hazardous waste handlers and offers cradle-to-grave waste tracking. It`s easy to search and display: (1) Permit status, design capacity and compliance history for facilities found in the EPA Resource Conservation and Recovery Information System (RCRIS) program tracking database; (2) Detailed information on hazardous wastes generation, management and minimization by companies who are large quantity generators, and (3) Data on the waste management practices of treatment, storage and disposal (TSD) facilities from the EPA Biennial Reporting System which is collected every other year. Environmental Factor`s powerful database retrieval system lets you: (1) Search for RCRA facilities by permit type, SIC code, waste codes, corrective action or violation information, TSD status, generator and transporter status and more; (2) View compliance information -- dates of evaluation, violation, enforcement and corrective action; (3) Lookup facilities by waste processing categories of marketing, transporting, processing and energy recovery; (4) Use owner/operator information and names, titles and telephone numbers of project managers for prospecting; and (5) Browse detailed data on TSD facility and large quantity generators` activities such as onsite waste treatment, disposal, or recycling, offsite waste received, and waste generation and management. The product contains databases, search and retrieval software on two CD-ROMs, an installation diskette and User`s Guide. Environmental Factor has online context-sensitive help from any screen and a printed User`s Guide describing installation and step-by-step procedures for searching, retrieving and exporting. Hotline support is also available for no additional charge.

  15. Bioglass {sup trademark} coated poly(DL-lactide) foams for tissue engineering scaffolds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gough, J.E. [Materials Science Centre, UMIST, Manchester M1 7HS (United Kingdom); Arumugam, M. [Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Cambridge (United Kingdom); Blaker, J. [Department of Materials and Centre for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, Imperial College London, London SW7 2BP (United Kingdom); Boccaccini, A.R. [Dept. of Materials and Center for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, Imperial College London, London SW7 28P (United Kingdom)

    2003-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to prepare poly(DL-lactic acid) (PDLLA)/Bioglass trademark composites of foam-like structure, to measure the degree of bioactivity of the composites by studying the formation of hydroxyapatite (HA) after immersion in simulated body fluid (SBF) and to test the initial attachment of human osteoblasts within the porous network. It was found that crystalline HA formed on the Bioglass trademark coated PDLLA foams after 7 days of immersion in SBF. HA formed also on the surfaces of non-coated PDLLA foams, however the rate and amount of HA formation were much lower than in the composites. The rapid formation of HA on the Bioglass trademark /PDLLA foam surfaces confirmed the high bioactivity of these materials. Osteoblasts attached within the porous network throughout the depth of the foams. Cell density was found to be higher in the PDLLA/Bioglass trademark composites compared to the pure PDLLA foams. The composite foams developed here exhibit the required bioactivity to be used as scaffolds for bone tissue engineering. (Abstract Copyright [2003], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.) [German] Die vorliegende Arbeit befasst sich mit der Herstellung von poroesen Verbundwerkstoffen bestehend aus Poly(DL-Laktidsaeure) (PDLLA) und Bioglass trademark und der anschliessenden Untersuchung der Bioaktivitaet. Die Bioaktivitaet wurde anhand von In-vitro-Methoden untersucht: Durch Ermittlung der Bildungsrate von Hydroxylapatit (HA) auf der Oberflaeche nach Eintauchen in simulierter Koerperfluessigkeit (SBF) und mittels Zellkulturstudien mit menschlichen Osteoblasten. Nach 7 Tagen in SBF hatte die Bildung von kristallinem HA auf der Oberflaeche von mit Bioglass trademark -beschichteten PDLLA Schaeumen stattgefunden. Auf der Oberflaeche von unbeschichtetem PDLLA konnte ebenfalls die Bildung von HA gezeigt werden, jedoch war die Bildungsrate hier bedeutend langsamer verglichen mit den Verbundwerkstoffen. Die rasche Formung von HA auf der Bioglass trademark /PDLLA

  16. Indonesian Experience in Dealing with Trademark Law: Case Study of Batik SMEs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Sardjono

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to observe whether the Trademark Law can contribute to protect Indonesia’s batik business, particularly for the small-medium enterprises who produce and sell batik products (“Batik SMEs”. The individual trademark system has not been successful to support the batik SMEs’ business. However, the fact that those SMEs gather in a community, organization, or kinships bring potentials for the development of collective trademarks, which can address the problems that individual trademark cannot anticipate. This research finds that, in order to anticipate the free-trade ‘attack,’ i.e. imported textiles with batik patterns/motifs; Indonesian batik SMEs need to be nurtured and encouraged to register their own collective trademarks, and to build their branding infrastructure, through local batik community’s standardization, and collective batik labeling. This recommendation is also proposed considering the government’s ineffective policy on Batikmark. This research will take samples of Batik SMEs in several areas, namely Yogyakarta, Pekalongan, Solo, and Jakarta. Those areas have been recalled as some of the centers for Batik production and trading activities. This research is conducted through combining the quantitative and qualitative-empirical methods. Data are collected through literature studies, interviews, as well as questionnaires, including site visits and discussions with the SMEs in those areas.

  17. Results of immunoscintigraphy of osteomyelitis (LeukoScan) {sup trademark}; Ergebnisse zur Immunszintigraphie der Osteomyelitis (LeukoScan) {sup trademark}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gratz, S.; Becker, W. [Goettingen Univ. (Germany). Abt. fuer Nuklearmedizin

    2000-05-01

    99mTc-labeled antigranulocyte monoclonal antibody Fab' fragments have shown a high sensitivity and specificity for detecting osteomyelitis in prospective studies. We retrospectively evaluated the use of LeukoScan {sup trademark} (Immunomedics, Morris Plains, N.J.) in clinical routine for the detection of bone and soft tissue infections and we want to present the results of our findings as well as some of the more interesting cases in this occasion. Imaging infection can be performed fast and easy with {sup 99m}Tc-Fab' fragments due to a fast targeting of infection and good background clearance, which increases in imaging quality. The application of {sup 99m}Tc-Fab' fragments gives good results in patients with bone and soft tissue infections of peripheral bones, as well as in patients with infected prostheses and infected arthritis. The use of {sup 99m}Tc-Fab' fragments should not be limited to these patients only, since good results can also be achieved in patients with infections of vascular grafts, of appendicitis and of endocarditis as well. A higher number of false-negative results has to be expected in case of subacute/chronic infections instead. Independent of the grade of infection acute/subacute infections of the spine always show 'cold lesions'. If cold lesions are used as guide for diagnosing a pathologic finding, an increase in sensitivity together with a decrease in specificity can be achieved. (orig.) [German] {sup 99m}Tc-markierte Antigranulozytenantikoerper-Fab'-Fragmente konnten in prospektiven Studien eine hohe Sensitivitaet und Spezifitaet bei der Detektion von Osteomyelitiden unter Beweis stellen. Retrospektiv haben wir die Anwendung von {sup 99m}Tc-markierten Fab'-Fragmenten ({sup 99m}Tc-Fab') (LeukoScan {sup trademark}, Immunomedics, Morris Plains, N.J.) in der klinischen Routine zum Nachweis von Knochen- und Weichteilentzuendungen ausgewertet und moechten einen Teil unserer Ergebnisse sowie einige

  18. Degradation of Teflon(trademark) FEP Following Charged Particle Radiation and Rapid Thermal Cycling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townsend, Jacqueline; Powers, Charles; Viens, Michael; Ayres-Treusdell, Mary; Munoz, Bruno

    1999-01-01

    During the Second Servicing Mission (SM2) of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) severe degradation was observed on the outer layer of the thermal control blankets. Astronaut observations and photographs revealed large cracks in the metallized Teflon(trademark) FEP (fluorinated ethylene propylene), the outer layer of the multi-layer insulation (MLI), in many locations around the telescope. In an effort to understand what elements of the space environment might cause such damage, pristine Teflon(trademark) FEP was tested for durability to radiation and thermal cycling. Specimens were subjected to electron and proton fluences comparable to those experienced by HST and were subsequently thermal cycled in a custom-built rapid thermal cycle chamber. Tensile tests of the specimens showed that radiation followed by thermal cycling significantly reduced the ultimate strength and elongation of Teflon(trademark) FEP.

  19. Bluetooth(Registered Trademark) Heart Rate Monitors for Spaceflight

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buxton, Roxanne E.; West, Michael R.; Kalogera, Kent L.; Hanson, Andrea M.

    2016-01-01

    ISS Bluetooth validation study, because it simultaneously transmits Magnetic Pulse which is integrated with existing exercise hardware on ISS. The simultaneous data streams allow for beat to beat comparison between the current ISS standard and CS2.Upon Bluetooth(Registered Trademark) validation aboard ISS, down select of a new BT_HRM for operational use will be made.

  20. Houdini{trademark}: Reconfigurable in-tank mobile robot. Final report, June 1995--January 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thompson, B.; Slifko, A.

    1998-12-31

    This report details the development of a reconfigurable in-tank robotic cleanup system called Houdini{trademark}. Driven by the general need to develop equipment for the removal of radioactive waste from hundreds of DOE waste storage tanks and the specific needs of DOE sites such as Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Fernald, Houdini{trademark} represents one of the possible tools that can be used to mobilize and retrieve this waste material for complete remediation. Houdini{trademark} is a hydraulically powered, track driven, mobile work vehicle with a collapsible frame designed to enter underground or above ground waste tanks through existing 24 inch riser openings. After the vehicle has entered the waste tank, it unfolds and lands on the waste surface or tank floor to become a remotely operated mini-bulldozer. Houdini{trademark} utilizes a vehicle mounted plow blade and 6-DOF manipulator to mobilize waste and carry other tooling such as sluicing pumps, excavation buckets, and hydraulic shears. The complete Houdini{trademark} system consists of the tracked vehicle and other support equipment (e.g., control console, deployment system, hydraulic power supply, and controller) necessary to deploy and remotely operate this system at any DOE site. Inside the storage tanks, the system is capable of performing heel removal, waste mobilization, waste size reduction, and other tank waste retrieval and decommissioning tasks. The first Houdini{trademark} system was delivered on September 24, 1996 to Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The system acceptance test was successfully performed at a cold test facility at ORNL. After completion of the cold test program and the training of site personnel, ORNL will deploy the system for clean-up and remediation of the Gunite storage tanks.

  1. SOx-NOx-Rox Box{trademark} flue gas clean-up demonstration. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    The SNRB{trademark} Flue Gas Cleanup Demonstration Project was cooperatively funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Ohio Coal Development Office (OCDO), B&W, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Ohio Edison, Norton Chemical Process Products Company and the 3M Company. The SNRB{trademark} technology evolved from the bench and laboratory pilot scale to be successfully demonstrated at the 5-MWe field scale. Development of the SNRB{trademark} process at B&W began with pilot testing of high-temperature dry sorbent injection for SO{sub 2} removal in the 1960`s. Integration of NO{sub x} reduction was evaluated in the 1970`s. Pilot work in the 1980`s focused on evaluation of various NO{sub x} reduction catalysts, SO{sub 2} sorbents and integration of the catalyst with the baghouse. This early development work led to the issuance of two US process patents to B&W - No. 4,309,386 and No. 4,793,981. An additional patent application for improvements to the process is pending. The OCDO was instrumental in working with B&W to develop the process to the point where a larger scale demonstration of the technology was feasible. This report represents the completion of Milestone M14 as specified in the Work Plan. B&W tested the SNRB{trademark} pollution control system at a 5-MWe demonstration facility at Ohio Edison`s R. E. Burger Plant located near Shadyside, Ohio. The design and operation were influenced by the results from laboratory pilot testing at B&W`s Alliance Research Center. The intent was to demonstrate the commercial feasibility of the SNRB{trademark} process. The SNRB{trademark} facility treated a 30,000 ACFM flue gas slipstream from Boiler No. 8. Operation of the facility began in May 1992 and was completed in May 1993.

  2. SOx-NOx-Rox Box{trademark} flue gas clean-up demonstration. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    The SNRB{trademark} Flue Gas Cleanup Demonstration Project was cooperatively funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Ohio Coal Development Office (OCDO), B&W, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Ohio Edison, Norton Chemical Process Products Company and the 3M Company. The SNRB{trademark} technology evolved from the bench and laboratory pilot scale to be successfully demonstrated at the 5-MWe field scale. Development of the SNRB{trademark} process at B&W began with pilot testing of high-temperature dry sorbent injection for SO{sub 2} removal in the 1960`s. Integration of NO{sub x} reduction was evaluated in the 1970`s. Pilot work in the 1980`s focused on evaluation of various NO{sub x} reduction catalysts, SO{sub 2} sorbents and integration of the catalyst with the baghouse. This early development work led to the issuance of two US process patents to B&W - No. 4,309,386 and No. 4,793,981. An additional patent application for improvements to the process is pending. The OCDO was instrumental in working with B&W to develop the process to the point where a larger scale demonstration of the technology was feasible. This report represents the completion of Milestone M14 as specified in the Work Plan. B&W tested the SNRB{trademark} pollution control system at a 5-MWe demonstration facility at Ohio Edison`s R. E. Burger Plant located near Shadyside, Ohio. The design and operation were influenced by the results from laboratory pilot testing at B&W`s Alliance Research Center. The intent was to demonstrate the commercial feasibility of the SNRB{trademark} process. The SNRB{trademark} facility treated a 30,000 ACFM flue gas slipstream from Boiler No. 8. Operation of the facility began in May 1992 and was completed in May 1993.

  3. Trademark or patent? The effects of market structure, customer type and venture capital financing on start-ups' IP decisions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.G.B. de Vries (Geertjan); H.P.G. Pennings (Enrico); J.H. Block (Jörn)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractWe analyze the initial intellectual property (IP) right of 4,703 start-up entrants in the US, distinguishing between trademark and patent applications. The results show that start-ups are more likely to file for a trademark instead of a patent when entering into more competitive market s

  4. 75 FR 39493 - United States Patent and Trademark Office Draft Strategic Plan for FY 2010-2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-09

    ... entities holding or dealing with intellectual property, and USPTO employees. The USPTO anticipates posting.... David J. Kappos, Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States... United States Patent and Trademark Office United States Patent and Trademark Office Draft Strategic...

  5. 注册商标撤销机制探析%On the Revocation Mechanism of Registered Trademarks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏昆

    2012-01-01

    Trademark rights are private rights, trademark registration is to confirm the relationship between trademarks of their commercial carrier, the public authority only play a limited role in a registered trademark of the revocation process. In China the existing revocation mechanism of registered trademarks is both administrative and judicial. Problems should be solved at the moment such as inaccurate administrative positioning of the trademark review, non-standard effectiveness of revocating a registered trademark, the embarrassing litigation status of trademark review board, and administrative remedies in circulation litigation.%商标权是私权,商标注册是对商标与其商业载体关系的确认,公权力在注册商标撤销过程中仅发挥有限的作用。我国实行行政与司法并行的注册商标撤销机制,其中商标评审行政行为性质定位不准确、注册商标撤销效力的不规范、商标评审委员会尴尬的诉讼地位和陷入循环诉讼的行政救济方式是目前亟待解决的问题。

  6. To Earnestly Protect the Exclusive Right to Use a Registered Trademark and to Promote the Economic Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    State Administration for Industry and Commerce

    2004-01-01

    @@ State Administration for Industry and Commerce (SAIC) decided to launch the campaign to better protect the exclusive right to use a registered trademark and released "Action Plan for the Campaign of Protection of the Exclusive Right to Use a Registered Trademark".

  7. Trademark or patent? The effects of market structure, customer type and venture capital financing on start-ups' IP decisions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.G.B. de Vries (Geertjan); H.P.G. Pennings (Enrico); J.H. Block (Jörn)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractWe analyze the initial intellectual property (IP) right of 4,703 start-up entrants in the US, distinguishing between trademark and patent applications. The results show that start-ups are more likely to file for a trademark instead of a patent when entering into more competitive market

  8. Mathematical model of the Beta Rand Cam{trademark} engine vane seals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Braden, C.H.; Thompson, G.J.; Smith, J.E.; Mucino, V.H. [West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (United States)

    1996-12-31

    A mathematical model of the vane sealing mechanism is presented to determine how the loading on the seals will affect the performance of the Rand Cam{trademark} engine. Within the Rand Cam{trademark} engine, sacrificial linear seals in the vane are used as the main sealing mechanism to prevent blowby from one chamber to the next. Throughout this investigation a kinetostatic analysis, based upon Yamamoto`s Wankel apex seal analysis, is extended into three dimensions. The input data to the model can be varied to study the effects of seal dimensions, seal material, seal dynamics, and friction.

  9. Resolution of thermal-hydraulic safety and licensing issues for the system 80+{sup {trademark}} design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carpentino, S.E.; Ritterbusch, S.E.; Schneider, R.E. [ABB-Combustion Engineering, Windsor, CT (United States)] [and others

    1995-09-01

    The System 80+{sup {trademark}} Standard Design is an evolutionary Advanced Light Water Reactor (ALWR) with a generating capacity of 3931 MWt (1350 MWe). The Final Design Approval (FDA) for this design was issued by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in July 1994. The design certification by the NRC is anticipated by the end of 1995 or early 1996. NRC review of the System 80+ design has involved several new safety issues never before addressed in a regulatory atmosphere. In addition, conformance with the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) ALWR Utility Requirements Document (URD) required that the System 80+ plant address nuclear industry concerns with regard to design, construction, operation and maintenance of nuclear power plants. A large number of these issues/concerns deals with previously unresolved generic thermal-hydraulic safety issues and severe accident prevention and mitigation. This paper discusses the thermal-hydraulic analyses and evaluations performed for the System 80+ design to resolve safety and licensing issues relevant to both the Nuclear Stream Supply System (NSSS) and containment designs. For the NSSS design, the Safety Depressurization System mitigation capability and resolution of the boron dilution concern are described. Examples of containment design issues dealing with containment shell strength, robustness of the reactor cavity walls and hydrogen mixing under severe accident conditions are also provided. Finally, the overall approach used in the application of NRC`s new (NUREG-1465) radiological source term for System 80+ evaluation is described. The robustness of the System 80+ containment design to withstand severe accident consequences was demonstrated through detailed thermal-hydraulic analyses and evaluations. This advanced design to shown to meet NRC severe accident policy goals and ALWR URD requirements without any special design features and unnecessary costs.

  10. External Data and Attribute Hyperlink Programs for Promis*e(Registered Trademark)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derengowski, Rich; Gruel, Andrew

    2001-01-01

    External Data and Attribute Hyperlink are computer programs that can be added to Promis*e(trademark) which is a commercial software system that automates routine tasks in the design (including drawing schematic diagrams) of electrical control systems. The programs were developed under the Stennis Space Center's (SSC) Dual Use Technology Development Program to provide capabilities for SSC's BMCS configuration management system which uses Promis*e(trademark). The External Data program enables the storage and management of information in an external database linked to a drawing. Changes can be made either in the database or on the drawing. Information that originates outside Promis*e(trademark) can be stored in custom fields that can be added to the database. Although this information is not available in Promis*e(trademark) printed drawings, it can be associated with symbols in the drawings, and can be retrieved through the drawings when the software is running. The Attribute Hyperlink program enables the addition of hyperlink information as attributes of symbols. This program enables the formation of a direct hyperlink between a schematic diagram and an Internet site or a file on a compact disk, on the user's hard drive, or on another computer on a network to which the user's computer is connected. The user can then obtain information directly related to the part (e.g., maintenance, or troubleshooting information) associated with the hyperlink.

  11. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design: CESSAR design certification. Volume 8: Amendment I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-21

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report -- Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These volumes describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80{sup +}{trademark} Standard Design. This volume 8 provides a description of instrumentation and controls.

  12. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design: CESSAR design certification. Volume 17: Amendment I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-21

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report -- Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These volumes describes the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design. This Volume 17 provides Appendix A of this report, closure of unresolved and Genetic Safety Issues.

  13. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design: CESSAR design certification. Volume 10: Amendment I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-21

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report -- Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These volumes describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80{sup +}{trademark} Standard Design. This volume 10 discusses the Steam and Power Conversion System and Radioactive Waste Management.

  14. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design: CESSAR design certification. Volume 16: Amendment I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-21

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report - Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These volumes describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design. This Volume 16 details the application of Human Factors Engineering in the design process.

  15. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design: CESSAR design certification. Volume 18: Amendment I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-21

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report -- Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These volumes describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design. This Volume 18 provides Appendix B, Probabilistic Risk Assessment.

  16. Fuel and power coproduction: The Liquid Phase Methanol (LPMEOH{trademark}) process demonstration at Kingsport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drown, D.P.; Brown, W.R.; Heydorn, E.C.; Moore, R.B.; Schaub, E.S.; Brown, D.M.; Jones, W.C.; Kornosky, R.M.

    1997-12-31

    The Liquid Phase Methanol (LPMEOH{trademark}) process uses a slurry bubble column reactor to convert syngas (primarily a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen) to methanol. Because of its superior heat management, the process is able to be designed to directly handle the carbon monoxide (CO)-rich syngas characteristic of the gasification of coal, petroleum coke, residual oil, wastes, or of other hydrocarbon feedstocks. When added to an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plant, the LPMEOH{trademark} process converts a portion of the CO-rich syngas produced by the gasifier to methanol, and the remainder of the unconverted gas is used to fuel the gas turbine combined-cycle power plant. The LPMEOH{trademark} process has the flexibility to operate in a daily electricity demand load-following manner. Coproduction of power and methanol via IGCC and the LPMEOH{trademark} process provides opportunities for energy storage for electrical demand peak shaving, clean fuel for export, and/or chemical methanol sales.

  17. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design: CESSAR design certification. Volume 11: Amendment I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-21

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report -- Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These volumes describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80{sup +}{trademark} Standard Design. This volume 11 discusses Radiation Protection, Conduct of Operations, and the Initial Test Program.

  18. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design: CESSAR design certification. Volume 9: Amendment I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-21

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report -- Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These volumes describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80{sup +}{trademark} Standard Design. This volume 9 discusses Electric Power and Auxiliary Systems.

  19. 基于特征的二值商标分层检索方法%A Hierarchical Binary Trademark Retrieval Method Based on Feature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    褚菁菁; 张吉楠

    2011-01-01

    针对以往商标图像搜索方法单一,并且缺少用户反馈的缺点,文中提出一种基于形状特征和纹理特征的二值商标图像分层搜索方法.该方法首先利用HU不变矩提取图像的形状特征;然后利用欧氏距离来测量图像的相似度,进行第一次筛选得到一个数目不定的候选集;接着利用灰度直方图的方法提取候选集中的图像的纹理信息,进行第二次筛选;最后通过用户的反馈进行不断的优化.从而使检索出来的图像更加迅速和准确,更加符合人的视觉感受.%The previous binary trademark image retrieval method is not perfect for lack of comprehensive approach and user feedback.This paper presents a hierarchical binary trademark image retrieval method based on shape and texture features. Firstly, this method uses Hu invariant moments shape feature to extract the images and then uses Euclidean distance to measure the image similarity, and filter a number of uncertainties in the candidate set; then extracts gray level histogram of the image the candidate focused on texture information,and get a second filter; Finally, it is optimized by continuous user feedback. This binary trademark images retrieval mothed is more quickly, accurately, and more in line with human perception.

  20. Trademark or patent? The effects of market structure, customer type and venture capital financing on start-ups' IP decisions

    OpenAIRE

    Vries, Geertjan; Pennings, Enrico; Block, Jörn

    2013-01-01

    textabstractWe analyze the initial intellectual property (IP) right of 4,703 start-up entrants in the US, distinguishing between trademark and patent applications. The results show that start-ups are more likely to file for a trademark instead of a patent when entering into more competitive market structures. Further, we find that start-ups with a focus on distribution that serves end-consumers are more likely to file for a trademark and that start-ups that operate upstream and sell to other ...

  1. 77 FR 3745 - Establishment of a One-Year Retention Period for Trademark-Related Papers That Have Been Scanned...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-25

    .... Lynch, Office of the Deputy Commissioner for Trademark Examination Policy, by telephone at (571) 272... after submitting the request to verify entry of the requested changes. Dated: January 17, 2012. David...

  2. Electrochemical oxidation of drug residues in water by the example of tetracycline, gentamicin and Aspirin {sup trademark}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weichgrebe, D.; Danilova, E.; Rosenwinkel, K.H. [Inst. of Water Quality and Waste Management, Univ. of Hannover, Hannover (Germany); Vedenjapin, A.; Baturova, M. [Inst. of Organic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Science, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2003-07-01

    The electrochemical oxidation as a method to destroy drug residues like Aspirin {sup trademark}, tetracycline or gentamicin in water was investigated with C-Anode (modified by manganese oxides) and Pt Anode. The mechanism of Aspirin {sup trademark} and tetracycline oxidation and the influence of the biocide effect was observed using GC-MS and three different microbiological tests. In general the biological availability increases with progressive oxidation of the antibiotics. (orig.)

  3. Full scale stability and void fraction measurements for the ATRIUM trademark 10XM BWR fuel bundle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wehle, Franz; Velten, Roger; Kronenberg, Juris; Beisiegel, Achim [AREVA NP GmbH, Erlangen (Germany); Pruitt, D.W.; Greene, K.R. [AREVA NP Inc., Lynchburg, VA (United States); Farawila, Y.M. [Farawila et al., Inc., Richland, WA (United States)

    2011-07-01

    This paper describes recent advances in BWR fuel testing at AREVA NP's KATHY loop including stability and void fraction measurements. The stability tests for the ATRIUM trademark 10XM bundle with corner PLFR's were expanded in scope compared with previous campaigns to include simulated reactivity and power feedback essentially reproducing BWR operational environment. The oscillation magnitude was allowed to grow to explore inlet flow reversal and cyclical dryout and rewetting. The void fraction measurements employed a gamma ray computed tomography technique that reveals not only the average but the detailed sub-channel void distribution, and the range of measured void fraction has been expanded to higher values than was previously attained. With the completion of the required licensing tests and stability performance demonstration, the ATRIUM trademark 10XM is available and fully qualified for reload supply. (orig.)

  4. Silicon-film{trademark} solar cells by a flexible manufacturing system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rand, J.A.; Bai, Y.; Culik, J.S.; Ford, D.H.; Sims, P.E.; Barnett, A.M. [AstroPower, Inc., Solar Park, Newark, Delaware 19716-2000 (United States)

    1999-03-01

    AstroPower is developing a manufacturing process for the production of large-area Silicon-Film{trademark} solar cells under an NREL-administered PVMaT cost-share program. Recent work has focused on new processes and equipment capable of handling very large Silicon-Film{trademark} planks in a low-cost, high-throughput, production environment. New solar cell processes developed include continuous large-area junction diffusion and AR coating. Processes under development include metallization and chemical etching. Large area plank-based processes give a high degree of flexibility, allowing the fabrication of solar cells 100 cm{sup 2} to 900 cm{sup 2} on the same production line. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

  5. Evolution of the MACSTOR{trademark} dry spent fuel storage system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pare, F.E.; Joubert, W.M. [Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

    1995-12-31

    The MACSTOR{trademark} (Modular Air-Cooled Canister Storage) system was developed by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) for the interim storage of spent fuel discharged by light water reactors. It is a hybrid system which combines the operational economies of metal cask technology with the capital economies of concrete technology. The system includes all the necessary equipment to transfer spent fuel from a storage pool to an independent interim dry spent fuel storage site. After presenting a description of the system and a brief history of its development, the paper addresses its thermal performance and modeling for various design configurations. Finally, a brief summary of the experience being gained during the implementation of a MACSTOR{trademark} system modified for CANDU spent fuel at the Gentilly-2 NPP in Quebec is presented. It includes progress made in licensing activities and in public hearings pertinent to the initiation of the project.

  6. Clinical implications of a new TSH-receptor-antibody-assay (DYNOtest {sup trademark} TRAKhuman) in autoimmune thyroid diseases; Klinische Implikationen eines neuen TSH-Rezeptor-Antikoerper-Assays (DYNOtest {sup trademark} TRAKhuman) bei autoimmunen Schilddruesenerkrankungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meller, J.; Schreivogel, I.; Becker, W. [Goettingen Univ. (Germany). Abt. fuer Nuklearmedizin; Bergmann, A.; Morgenthaler, N. [B.R.A.H.M.S Diagnostica, Berlin (Germany); Huefner, M. [Goettingen Univ. (Germany). Abt. Innere Medizin

    2000-07-01

    Aim: Conventional radioreceptor-antibody-assays (RAAs) fail in the detection of TSH-receptor antibodies (TRAKs) in 10-30% of patients with Graves' disease (GD). The aim of this study was the evaluation of the diagnostic and clinical impact of a new RRA (DYNOtest {sup trademark} TRAKhuman) which uses the human recombinant TSH-Receptor in the diagnosis of autoimmune thyroid disease. Methods: Sera from 142 consecutive patients (GD: n=50, autoimmune thyroiditis/AIT: n=92) and from 55 controls (31 patients without any thyroid disease and 14 with euthyroid goiter) were evaluated both with the DYNOtest {sup trademark} TRAKhuman-assay and a conventional RRA (TRAK-Assay {sup trademark}). Thyroid in vitro parameters and thyroid sonography were performed in all patients. Results: The DYNOtest {sup trademark} TRAK-assay was significantly superior to the conventional RRA in the diagnosis of GD (p<0,00012), especially in those who were treated by thionamides (p<0,003) and in the diagnosis of TRAK-positive patients with AIT (p<0,003). The majority of TRAK-positive AIT-patients suffered from hypothyroidism. One false positive result in patients with euthyroid goiter was found in the TRAK-Assay {sup trademark} as well as in the DYNOtest {sup trademark} TRAKhuman-Assay. Therefore the specifity of the DYNOtest {sup trademark} TRAKhuman was not inferior compared with the conventional assay. Conclusion: The DYNOtest {sup trademark} TRAK-assay is superior in the diagnostic work up of Graves' disease compared with a conventional TRAK-assay and offers an equal specifity. (orig.) [German] Ziel: Bei konventionellen Radiorezeptor-Antikoerper-Assays (RRAs) misslingt der Nachweis von TSH-Rezeptor Antikoerpern (TRAKS) bei 10-30% der immunogenen Hyperthyreosen (IH). Ziel der Studie war es, den diagnostischen und klinischen Stellenwertes eines neuen RRA (DYNOtest {sup trademark} TRAKhuman) bei autoimmunen Schilddruesenerkrankungen zu evaluieren. Methoden: Serumproben von 142

  7. Data acquisition system time measurement capabilities using WorkBench[trademark] software

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coutts, D.A.

    1992-04-01

    There is an increasing interest in the ability to measure transient behavior in the Heat Transfer Laboratory (HTL). To accomplish this the timing system behavior for the Data Acquisition Systems (DAS) must be evaluated. This report discusses the evaluation of a DAS timing system using WorkBench[trademark] Software in a Macintosh II environment. It also describes a method which can be successfully used to calibrate the timing system associated with the DAS.

  8. Data acquisition system time measurement capabilities using WorkBench{trademark} software

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coutts, D.A.

    1992-04-01

    There is an increasing interest in the ability to measure transient behavior in the Heat Transfer Laboratory (HTL). To accomplish this the timing system behavior for the Data Acquisition Systems (DAS) must be evaluated. This report discusses the evaluation of a DAS timing system using WorkBench{trademark} Software in a Macintosh II environment. It also describes a method which can be successfully used to calibrate the timing system associated with the DAS.

  9. Phosphorous and aluminum gettering in Silicon-Film{trademark} Product II material

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cotter, J.E.; Barnett, A.M.; Hall, R.B. [AstroPower, Inc., Newark, DE (United States)] [and others

    1995-08-01

    Gettering processes are being developed for the Silicon-Film{trademark} Product II solar cell structure. These processes have been developed specifically for films of silicon grown on dissimilar substrates with barrier layers. Gettering with both phosphorous- and aluminum-based processing sequences has resulted in enhancement of minority carrier diffusion length. Long diffusion lengths have allowed the characterization of light trapping in thin films of silicon grown on barrier-coated substrates.

  10. 商标侵权的认定%The Cognizance of the Trademark Infringement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩伟

    2012-01-01

    According to statistics, China is the world's largest annual intellectual property registration country. Therefore, in view of the intellectual property rights infringement also emerge in an endless stream,particularly in trademark infringement. So for trademark infringement determination is especially important, in trademark infringement cognizance of its manifestations and the constitution is the core content. It discusses itsbehavior cognizance, and puts forward the specific measures of protection.%据统计,中国是世界上每年知识产权注册量最多的国家。因此,针对知识产权的侵权行为也是不断出现。其中,以商标侵权尤为突出,对商标侵权的认定就显得尤为重要。在商标侵权的认定中其表现形式和构成要件是核心内容。从商标侵权行为的表现形式入手,探讨其行为的认定,才能得到更好的保护措施。

  11. Development of highly bioactive and mechanically strong starch thermoplastic/Bioglass {sup trademark} composite biomaterials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leonor, I.B.; Sousa, R.A.; Cunha, A.M.; Reis, R.L. [Minho Univ., Braga (Portugal). Dept. of Polymer Engineering; Zhong, Z.P.; Greenspan, D. [US Biomaterials Corp., Alachua FL (United States)

    2001-07-01

    Bioglass {sup trademark} 45S5 (BG45S5), with a granulometric distribution between 38 and 53 {mu}m, was incorporated into a biodegradable starch based polymers (starch/ethylene-vinyl alcohol blends - SEVA-C) aiming to develop composites with adequate properties for bone replacement applications. Composites with 10 and 40% (by weight) of Bioglass {sup trademark} 45S5 were compound by twin-screw extrusion (TSE) and then injection moulded. SEVA-C/ hydroxylapatite (HA) composites were also produced using the same methodology for comparative purposes. The mechanical properties of the composites were evaluated in tensile tests, and their bioactivity was assessed by analysing the respective surfaces scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS) after different immersion periods in a simulated body fluid (SBF). The biodegradability of the composites was also assessed. The results obtained indicated the SEVA-C/Bioglass {sup trademark} composites present a slightly higher stiffness and strength (a modulus of 3.8 GPa and UTS of 38.6 GPa) than SEVA-C/HA composites. The bioactivity of SEVA-C composites becomes relevant for BG45S5 amounts of only 10% wt. The composites were biodegradable being the results correlated with the correspondent materials compositions. (orig.)

  12. 浅析特许经营与商标%On the franchising and trademark

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓兰

    2011-01-01

    特许经营体系的建立和扩张最为关键的就是商标及品牌的输出。要避免及有效处理特许经营中商标纠纷问题,保证特许经营的健康发展,就必须明确以下关系:商标与特许经营的关系;特许经营中特许人"拥有"注册商标的问题;特许经营与商标权问题;特许经营与商标许可使用合同备案问题。%The key to franchising operation and expansion lies in the output of trademarks and brands.Therefore,it needs to be done to avoid trademark disputes in the franchising.The owner of the franchising should possess trademarks,and own the exclusive licensing.

  13. Trademark Protection in Bankruptcy Proceedings: A Closer Look at Lubrizol and its Progeny

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endia Vereen

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available When the worlds of bankruptcy and intellectual property licenses converge, licensees are placed in potentially dangerous positions. The seminal case on this issue, Lubrizol Enterprises, Inc. v. Richmond Metal Finishers, Inc., stands for the proposition that when a licensor rejects an intellectual property license as "executory," the licensee no longer has the right to rely on provisions within the agreement with the debtor for continued use of the technology. To countermand the negative effects of Lubrizol, Congress amended the Bankruptcy Code, but intentionally omitted trademarks from the definition of intellectual property. This omission has produced a string of conflicting case law, leaving trademark licensees in a precarious position with few options for recourse. This Note discusses the Intellectual Property Bankruptcy Protection Act and trademark protection specifically, and details the circuit split created by Sunbeam Products, Inc. v. Chicago American Manufacturing. This Note focuses on the implications of the circuit split, and concludes by providing some suggestions for how courts can resolve this issue in the future.

  14. RESEARCH ON THE EVOLUTION OF THE TOP ROMANIAN TRADEMARKS IN THE DOMESTIC MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agatha POPESCU

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzed the position of the Romanian trademarks using the data provided by Unlock Market Research Company in 2010 and 2014. The statistical parameters: average, variance, standard deviation and variation coefficient, and the Point Method and Comparison Method were used to process the collected data. In 2014, among the top 50 brands in Romania's market, the top 10 positions were occupied by the following trademarks: Borsec, Dero, Gerovital, Dorna, Arctic, Dacia, Elmiplant, Aqua Carpatica, Farmec and Petrom. Food industry came on the 1st position with 17 brands and on the 3rd position after telephony and finance and banking, based on the average positions of its trademarks. By field of activity, based on the average position, the 1st three positions were occupied by Machinery construction and Chemical and extractive industry, Alcoholic beverages, and Wood working industry. On the last position was situated Telephony. As a final conclusion, consumers behavior reflected an intensive orientation to the Romanian brands belonging to food industry, care and health sector and also of the appliances for household reflecting a new behavior to assure a higher living standards.

  15. 商标通用名称化研究%Trademark generic names research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓燕

    2015-01-01

    随着全球化的不断加强,知识产权的重要性日益凸现,其已经成为衡量一个国家经济发展程度的标准,也是国家之间竞争的有力武器.商标作为知识产权的一个重要部分,其重要性是不言而喻的,对于企业来讲,是最有价值的无形资产,不仅承载着一个企业的商誉以及消费者的信赖和开拓市场的主要资本,而且是一个企业立足于商海且与竞争对手抗衡的有力武器.但在现实中由于商标专有权人自身的一些原因或者其它外部因素导致商品或服务的商标名称通用化,从而使商标丧失了其原本巨大的经济价值,这种现象的出现不仅对商标权人造成重大损失,使其所付出的努力消失殆尽,而且破坏了公平的竞争秩序,引起诸多的商标纠纷,对消费者的利益也造成了损害,从而有碍于国家经济发展.介于商标的重要性以及商标通用化带来的巨大负面影响,我们应该在充分认识的基础上,给予高度的关注,意识到解决该问题的重要性和紧迫性.%With the strengthening of globalization, the importance of intellectual property is becoming more and more obvious, it has become a measure of a country's economic development level, the competition between countries is powerful weapon. Trademark as an important part of the intellectual property rights, its importance is self-evident, for the enterprise, is the most valuable intangible assets, not only bearing the weight of an enterprise goodwill and consumer trust and expand the market, the main capital and is based on an enterprise business and powerful weapon in the fight against competitors. But in reality because of trademark exclusive rights to own some reason or other external factors leading to the brand name of goods or services generalization, which lost its original trademark of great economic value, the emergence of this phenomenon not only cause significant losses to trademark holder, its efforts have

  16. 电子商务中的商标侵权研究%Research on trademark infringement of Internet age

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜珍媛

    2015-01-01

    网络电子交易平台上出现的侵权问题,是伴随着电子商务的发展而应运而生的众多问题之一,而又以知识产权领域的侵权行为最为突出。以传统商标侵权理论为切入点,结合传统商标法的一般失灵,互联网环境下的商标使用行为,探讨互联网环境下商标侵权行为,对网络商标权的保护进行创新,分析网络坏境下商标保护新现象和类型,使其适应互联网环境下商标权保护的要求。%Infringement appearing on the web-based electronic trading platform is one of the many problems which have emerged with the envelopment of e-commerce, and among which the most prominent is the ifeld of intellectual property infringement. Because of the characteristics of the virtual, super-regional, technical diversity, the traditional trademark protection encountered unprecedented challenges. Analysis traditional trademark infringement theory as a starting point, combining with the use of trademarks environment, explore the Internet environment and the nature of trademark infringement existence with the general failure of traditional trademark law for the network under the new environmental phenomena and types of trademark protection, which can lead the Internet environment to adapt to trademark protection.

  17. Development of a Continuum Damage Mechanics Material Model of a Graphite-Kevlar(Registered Trademark) Hybrid Fabric for Simulating the Impact Response of Energy Absorbing Kevlar(Registered Trademark) Hybrid Fabric for Simulating the Impact Response of Energy Absorbing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Karen E.; Fasanella, Edwin L.; Littell, Justin D.

    2017-01-01

    This paper describes the development of input properties for a continuum damage mechanics based material model, Mat 58, within LS-DYNA(Registered Trademark) to simulate the response of a graphite-Kevlar(Registered Trademark) hybrid plain weave fabric. A limited set of material characterization tests were performed on the hybrid graphite-Kevlar(Registered Trademark) fabric. Simple finite element models were executed in LS-DYNA(Registered Trademark) to simulate the material characterization tests and to verify the Mat 58 material model. Once verified, the Mat 58 model was used in finite element models of two composite energy absorbers: a conical-shaped design, designated the "conusoid," fabricated of four layers of hybrid graphite-Kevlar(Registered Trademark) fabric; and, a sinusoidal-shaped foam sandwich design, designated the "sinusoid," fabricated of the same hybrid fabric face sheets with a foam core. Dynamic crush tests were performed on components of the two energy absorbers, which were designed to limit average vertical accelerations to 25- to 40-g, to minimize peak crush loads, and to generate relatively long crush stroke values under dynamic loading conditions. Finite element models of the two energy absorbers utilized the Mat 58 model that had been verified through material characterization testing. Excellent predictions of the dynamic crushing response were obtained.

  18. Development of Collective Trademark for Batik Industry in Kampung Batik Laweyan (Laweyan Batik’s Village, Solo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Sardjono

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In the previous research, it was found that the individual trademark system has not been effectively utilized to support the business of batik SMEs, particularly in several Batik industry centers in Java, namely Bantul in Yogyakarta province, Kauman in Pekalongan, and Laweyan in Solo. However, the fact that those SMEs gather in a community, organization, or kinships bring potentials for development of collective trademarks, which can address the problems that individual trademark cannot anticipate. This can also be a strategy to anticipate the free-trade ‘attack,’ i.e. imported textiles with batik patterns/motifs; yet not the original Indonesian Batik. Therefore, Indonesian batik SMEs need to be nurtured and encouraged to register their own collective trademarks, and to build their branding infrastructure, through local batik community’s standardization, and collective batik labeling. This present research focuses on the development of collective trademark utilization by one long-known Batik community in Solo province, Kampung Batik Laweyan.

  19. Champagne, Cognac, Rioja, Jerez and Vales dos Vinhedos: Conflicts between trademarks and geographical indications of wines and spirits in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    da Silva Barbosa Patrícia Maria

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The world wine trade generated around 30 billion Euros in 2015. The wine consumer appreciates attributes such as tradition, quality and distinctiveness, characteristics that are associated with the terroir. In this segment, trademarks and geographical indications (GI are relevant distinctive signs for the consumers' choice. Issues involving the protection of these signs have become increasingly stronger in the same proportion of the trade growth. Wine GIs hold a long tradition in the international scenario, particularly the European. In Brazil, the trademarks have a broader protection history, and the GIs were only acknowledged with the 1996 Industrial Property Law. Nevertheless, Brazil stands out as an emergent market for wines. The databank of the National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI-Brazil shows that 30% of all applications for GI protection are for wines and spirits. Such figures indicate the growing importance of the GI for the segment. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the applications for trademarks and GIs for wines and spirits, based on the INPI databank. For such, some foreign GIs have been chosen, for their historic and commercial importance, as well as one national GI, the first acknowledged in the segment. Among the results, several applications for trademarks from different applicants containing the searched terms have been found. From these results, it is believed that the coexistence and overlap of trademarks and GIs indicate the need for a review of the national legislation.

  20. Cost effectiveness analysis of the SEAMIST{trademark} membrane system technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henriksen, A.D.; Booth, S.R.

    1993-11-01

    This report describes the cost and performance characteristics of SEAMIST{trademark}, an innovative technology that facilitates measurements of contaminants in both vertical and horizontal vadose zone boreholes. This new technology consists of an airtight membrane linear that is pneumatically emplaced inside the borehole structure. Sampling ports with attached tubing, absorbent collectors, or various in situ measuring devices can be fabricated into the linear and used for monitoring volatile organic compounds (VOCs), semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs), pesticides, herbicides, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, or radioactive substances. In addition, small instruments can be guided through the lined borehole and measurements taken inside at specified intervals.

  1. An assessment of Microtox{trademark} as a biomonitoring tool for whole effluent testing for Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zachritz, W.H. II; Morrow, J. [New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States)

    1994-06-13

    Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has special discharge problems relating to potential radioactive content of the effluent discharge waters. Because of this all testing must be performed on-site and results must be rapidly determined. There is a need to examine the development of a real-time procedure for effluent biomonitoring to met these site limitations. The Microtox{trademark} unit for toxicity testing is a microbially-based test system that shows great promise to be used for WET testing. The overall goal of this study is to develop an acceptable protocol for operational biomonitoring using the Microtox {trademark} toxicity test for LANL. The specific objectives include: development of an appropriate toxicity testing protocol using the Microtox{trademark} toxicity test for whole effluent toxicity testing and evaluation of the protocol based on factors such as sensitivity, response time, cost of analysis, and simplicity of operation.

  2. Trademark or patent? The effects of market concentration, customer type and venture capital financing on start-ups’ initial IP applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G. de Vries (Geertjan); H.P.G. Pennings (Enrico); J.H. Block (Jörn); C.O. Fisch (Christian)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractWe analyse the initial IP applications of 4,703 start-ups in the U.S., distinguishing between trademark and patent applications. Our empirical results show that start-ups are more likely to file for trademarks instead of patents when entering markets with a higher market concentration. F

  3. The effects of ionizing radiation on Reillex trademark HPQ, a new macroporous polyvinylpyridine resin, and on four conventional polystyrene anion exchange resins

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marsh, S.F.

    1990-11-01

    This study compares the effects of ionizing radiation on Reillex{trademark} HPQ, a recently available macroporous copolymer of 1-methyl-4-vinylpyridine/divinylbenzene, and on four conventional strong-base polystyrene anion exchange resins. The polystyrene resins investigated included one gel type, Dowex{trademark} 1 {times} 4, and three macroporous resins: Dow{trademark} MSA-1, Amberlite{trademark} IRA-900, and Lewatit{trademark} MP-500-FK. Each resin, in 7 M nitric acid, was subjected to seven different levels of {sup 60}Co gamma radiation ranging from 100 to 1000 megarads. Irradiated resins were measured for changes in dry weight, wet volume, chloride and Pu(IV) exchange capacities, and thermal stability. In separate experiments, each resin was subjected to approximately 340 megarads of in situ alpha particles from sorbed plutonium. Resin damage from alpha particles was less than half that caused by gamma rays, which may be a consequence of different production rates of radiolytic nitrite and nitro radicals in the two systems. Reillex{trademark} HPQ resin provided the greatest radiation stability, whereas Lewatit{trademark} MP-500-FK was the least stable of the resins tested. Thermogravimetric analyses of dry, nitrate-form resin revealed that dry Reillex{trademark} HPQ resin offered the best thermal stability for absorbed gamma doses to 370 megarads, but the worst thermal stability after exposures of 550 megarads or more. 25 refs., 11 figs., 13 tabs.

  4. The Use of Functional Equivalence Theory in Trademark Translation%功能对等理论在商标翻译中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡放

    2012-01-01

    This article briefly describes the trademark definition clarifies the important role of trademark translation busi ness. Followed by the introduction of functional equivalence theory to guide the trademark translation, complete the conver sion of trademarks in different languages, to realize the function of the trademark. The trademark translation often below de tails, such as transliteration, literal translation, free translation, transliteration paraphrase the binding assay, acronyms method and so on. The final stress again that the purpose of trademark translation is to realize the function of the trademark.%本文先简要地介绍了商标的定义,阐明了商标翻译在商业中的重要作用。继而引入功能对等理论来指导商标的翻译,完成不同语言中商标的转换。实现商标的功能。接着详细介绍了商标翻译中经常采用的一些方法,如音译法、直译法、意译法、音译意译结合法、首字母缩写法等等。最后再次强调商标翻译的目的是实现商标的功能。

  5. Evaluating the Effectiveness of NASA's Destination Tomorrow(Trademark) 2000-2001 Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinelli, Thomas E.; Perry, Jeannine

    2002-01-01

    NASA's Destination Tomorrow(trademark) series consists of 30-minute educational television programs that focus on NASA research, past, present, and future and are designed for educators, parents, and adult (lifelong) learners. Programs in this award-winning series follow a magazine style format with segments ranging from 3-5 minutes to 6-8 minutes. An associated web site provides summaries of stories and links to related program material. The development of the programs is based on educational theory, principles, and research as they pertain to how adults learn and apply knowledge. The five programs in the 2000-2001 season were produced in English and dubbed in Spanish. Telephone interviews with managers of cable access television stations were conducted in January 2002. NASA's Destination Tomorrow(trademark) interviewees reported that (1) from a programming standpoint, the most appealing aspects of the series are its production quality and educational value, (2) programs in the series are 'better than average' when compared to other education programming, (3) the programs are very credible, (4) the programs are successful in educating people about what NASA does, and (5) the programs have been 'very well received' by their audiences.

  6. SmartShelf{trademark}: Report of activities for fiscal year 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bell, Z.W.; Lawson, R.L.; Long, C.D.

    1996-12-05

    The SmartShelf{trademark} system is designated to maintain an up-to-the-minute inventory of containers or other assets. Through the use of Dallas Semiconductor touch memory devices affixed to containers and entrusted to authorized operators, the system can determine which operator added or removed which container and when the transaction occurred. Through the use of a PC-based data base system, reports of the current status of all containers and nodes can be generated in minutes. This report covers activities on the SmartShelf{trademark} project for the period 1 October 1995 through 30 September 1996. During this year, project team members have advanced the state of the hardware and software from rough prototypes to a working system ready for field trials.The project team has developed an intimate working knowledge of the hardware and software, and has become expert at implementations of Dallas Semiconductor touch memory devices. System hardware includes a desktop PC running LabView and Microsoft Access, and an STD-bus 8086 computer to monitor container storage locations (nodes). The STD-bus computer monitors up to 128 nodes, and responds to operator actions (adding or removing containers) within 10 seconds. The PC uses LabView software to query the STD-bus machine to obtain records of transactions, and to download configuration information. Microsoft Access is used to store the transactions and configuration data in a user-accessible form.

  7. Applying Strategic Visualization(Registered Trademark) to Lunar and Planetary Mission Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frassanito, John R.; Cooke, D. R.

    2002-01-01

    NASA teams, such as the NASA Exploration Team (NEXT), utilize advanced computational visualization processes to develop mission designs and architectures for lunar and planetary missions. One such process, Strategic Visualization (trademark), is a tool used extensively to help mission designers visualize various design alternatives and present them to other participants of their team. The participants, which may include NASA, industry, and the academic community, are distributed within a virtual network. Consequently, computer animation and other digital techniques provide an efficient means to communicate top-level technical information among team members. Today,Strategic Visualization(trademark) is used extensively both in the mission design process within the technical community, and to communicate the value of space exploration to the general public. Movies and digital images have been generated and shown on nationally broadcast television and the Internet, as well as in magazines and digital media. In our presentation will show excerpts of a computer-generated animation depicting the reference Earth/Moon L1 Libration Point Gateway architecture. The Gateway serves as a staging corridor for human expeditions to the lunar poles and other surface locations. Also shown are crew transfer systems and current reference lunar excursion vehicles as well as the Human and robotic construction of an inflatable telescope array for deployment to the Sun/Earth Libration Point.

  8. 商標名稱通用化之理論與實務 The Theories and Practices of Trademark

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    鄧振球 Cheng-Chiou Teng

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available 商標具有表彰商品來源之功能,商標之設計為順應其功能,必須具有識別性,不具識別性之商標設計,不僅無法註冊,更無法主張商標專用之權利。商標名稱通用化,則是指原本具有識別性之商標,通常為著名商標,因為社會大眾消費習慣以及認知的改變,變成商品的通用名稱,落入公共財領域,無法受到法律之保護。商標名稱通用化,在國外並非新概念,惟在我國商標法領域中因屬新規定,未見我國學者進行專門之闡述。本文乃參考美國法制,就商標名稱通用化之意義、形成原因、判斷標準、法律效果,以及我國法制之檢討等議題,分別加以闡釋,期有助於解決商標名稱通用化所衍生 之各項行政救濟,以及法院訴訟上面臨之新議題。 A basic function of trademarks is to identify the source of a product. In order to carry out this function, it is necessary to design a trademark with distinctiveness. A trademark without distinctiveness can not be registered with the Patent and Trademark Office or serve as a basis for claiming trademark rights because it lacks the function of source identification. Trademark genericism, also known as genericide, genericness and generalization, is the rule which governs the loss of trademark protection of a registered trademark that was once distinctive and often well known, but fell into the public domain and became a generic name owing to the change in the perception of the consuming public. Genericism in U.S. court practices is not a new concept but is just beginning to appear in Taiwanese Trademark Law when the latest amendment went in effect on 28/11/2003. Considering the fact that this topic is rarely addressed among Taiwan academics or practitioners, this article examines the American legal system and courts practices and attempts to interpret the current Taiwan Trademark Law in order to find the meaning

  9. The FASTER Approach: A New Tool for Calculating Real-Time Tsunami Flood Hazards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, R. I.; Cross, A.; Johnson, L.; Miller, K.; Nicolini, T.; Whitmore, P.

    2014-12-01

    In the aftermath of the 2010 Chile and 2011 Japan tsunamis that struck the California coastline, emergency managers requested that the state tsunami program provide more detailed information about the flood potential of distant-source tsunamis well ahead of their arrival time. The main issue is that existing tsunami evacuation plans call for evacuation of the predetermined "worst-case" tsunami evacuation zone (typically at a 30- to 50-foot elevation) during any "Warning" level event; the alternative is to not call an evacuation at all. A solution to provide more detailed information for secondary evacuation zones has been the development of tsunami evacuation "playbooks" to plan for tsunami scenarios of various sizes and source locations. To determine a recommended level of evacuation during a distant-source tsunami, an analytical tool has been developed called the "FASTER" approach, an acronym for factors that influence the tsunami flood hazard for a community: Forecast Amplitude, Storm, Tides, Error in forecast, and the Run-up potential. Within the first couple hours after a tsunami is generated, the National Tsunami Warning Center provides tsunami forecast amplitudes and arrival times for approximately 60 coastal locations in California. At the same time, the regional NOAA Weather Forecast Offices in the state calculate the forecasted coastal storm and tidal conditions that will influence tsunami flooding. Providing added conservatism in calculating tsunami flood potential, we include an error factor of 30% for the forecast amplitude, which is based on observed forecast errors during recent events, and a site specific run-up factor which is calculated from the existing state tsunami modeling database. The factors are added together into a cumulative FASTER flood potential value for the first five hours of tsunami activity and used to select the appropriate tsunami phase evacuation "playbook" which is provided to each coastal community shortly after the forecast

  10. Implementation of Trademark Protection Strategy in Animation Industry%动漫企业商标战略的实施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    荣幸

    2012-01-01

    目前我国动漫企业商标意识薄弱。针对这一问题,结合动漫企业在商标注册及使用实践中的具体情况,通过对动漫企业在商标申请注册、商标有效使用及打击商标侵权等方面的分析,可以认定,只有实践商标战略,充分发挥商标在企业发展中的作用,动漫企业才能在知识产权保护方面变被动为主动,不断提升企业竞争力。%Aiming at the problem that the trademark protection consciousness is weak in animation industry, this paper analyzes the registration, effective use and protection of trademark in animation industry, which shows that only implementing trademark protection strategy and fully displaying the function of trademark in animation industry can protect the intellectual property and enhance the comoetition of animation industrv.

  11. 16 CFR 301.43 - Use of deceptive trade or corporate names, trademarks or graphic representations prohibited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Use of deceptive trade or corporate names... Regulations § 301.43 Use of deceptive trade or corporate names, trademarks or graphic representations prohibited. No person shall use in labeling, invoicing or advertising any fur or fur product a trade name...

  12. This Bud's for You: Understanding International Intellectual Property Law through the Ongoing Dispute over the Budweiser Trademark

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, Robert C.

    2006-01-01

    There is little doubt that topics related to beer would be of some interest to college students. Anheuser-Busch, well known for its Budweiser beer and humorous advertising, faces a global trademark challenge to its "Budweiser" name. This battle between a global American company and a small Czech brewery is an opportunity for interesting…

  13. Trademark Protection under Network Environment%网络环境下的商标权保护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温贵斌

    2012-01-01

    With the rapid development of information technology,mankind has entered the era of the Internet.At the same time,intellectual property disputes under the network environment increases,trademark disputes related to network services is one of them.The biggest issue of trademark protection in the network environment is the domain name conflicts with an existing trademark.This article analyses the forms of violations of trademark rights in the network environment,focuses on the analysis of conflict between domain name and trademark rights,and then finds the appropriate solutions,which aims at promoting more open network of intellectual property with more harmonious development.%信息技术飞速发展,人类进入互联网时代。与此同时,网络环境下知识产权纠纷也日益增多,涉及网络服务的商标权纠纷就是其中一种。而网络环境下商标保护面临的最大问题,又莫过于域名与现有商标权的冲突。本文通过分析网络环境下侵犯商标权的各种表现形式,着重分析域名与商标的权利冲突,然后对应找出相应的解决途径,旨在促进网络知识产权更加开放,更加和谐地发展。

  14. Recognition of Grouping Patterns in Trademarks Based on the Gestalt Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iguchi, Hiromasa; Abe, Koji; Misawa, Tadanobu; Kimura, Haruhiko; Daido, Yoshimasa

    According to the Gestalt principals, in this paper, we model features for measuring the attraction degree between couples of image components, and grouping areas in trademark images are recognized. This investigation would be used for content-based image retrieval from the view of mirroring human perception for images. The features of proximity, shape similarity, closure, and good continuation are extracted from every combination of two components in an image. After that, according to results of the judgments, a grouping pattern for the query is fixed. Besides, changing combination of the features, the proposed method can output plural grouping patterns. In the experiments, we have evaluated the proposed method on 74 test images comparing between outputs by the proposed method and grouping patterns for the test images obtained from results of questionnaires by 104 participants.

  15. Integration of MATLAB Simulink(Registered Trademark) Models with the Vertical Motion Simulator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Emily K.; Vuong, Nghia D.

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes the integration of MATLAB Simulink(Registered TradeMark) models into the Vertical Motion Simulator (VMS) at NASA Ames Research Center. The VMS is a high-fidelity, large motion flight simulator that is capable of simulating a variety of aerospace vehicles. Integrating MATLAB Simulink models into the VMS needed to retain the development flexibility of the MATLAB environment and allow rapid deployment of model changes. The process developed at the VMS was used successfully in a number of recent simulation experiments. This accomplishment demonstrated that the model integrity was preserved, while working within the hard real-time run environment of the VMS architecture, and maintaining the unique flexibility of the VMS to meet diverse research requirements.

  16. An emerging playbook for antibody-drug conjugates: lessons from the laboratory and clinic suggest a strategy for improving efficacy and safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drake, Penelope M; Rabuka, David

    2015-10-01

    Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) have become de rigueur for pharmaceutical oncology drug development pipelines. There are more than 40 ADCs undergoing clinical trials and many more in preclinical development. The field has rushed to follow the initial successes of Kadcyla™ and Adcetris™, and moved forward with new targets without much pause for optimization. In some respects, the ADC space has become divided into the clinical realm-where the proven technologies continue to represent the bulk of clinical candidates with a few exceptions-and the research realm-where innovations in conjugation chemistry and linker technologies have suggested that there is much room for improvement in the conventional methods. Now, two and four years after the approvals of Kadcyla™ and Adcetris™, respectively, consensus may at last be building that these two drugs rely on rather unique target antigens that enable their success. It is becoming increasingly clear that future target antigens will require additional innovative approaches. Next-generation ADCs have begun to move out of the lab and into the clinic, where there is a pressing need for continued innovation to overcome the twin challenges of safety and efficacy.

  17. RESEARCH ON THE TOP ROMANIAN TRADEMARKS IN THE MILK AND DAIRY PRODUCTS' MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agatha POPESCU

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzed the position of the top Romanian trademarks in milk and dairy products market. Using the Ministry of Finance Database regarding the turnover of all the 472 dairies, in the period 2011-2013, it was established the hierarchy of the brands based on the Average Turnover, Point Ranking Method and Market Share. Of the 472 trademarks in the milk and dairy products market, a number 255 brands (54% are concentrated in 10 counties: Constanta, Suceava, Bistrita Nasaud, Maramures, Botosani, Tulcea, Braila, Bucharest and Sibiu. The turnover achieved by all the 472 brands of dairy products accounted for Euro million 882.6 in 2013. A number of 175 brands (37%, belonging to 10 counties ( Cluj, Bucharest, Mures, Alba, Covasna, Suceava, Timis, Bistrita Nasaud, Arges, Botosani contributed by 83.89% to the turnover of milk processing industry. The average turnover/brand was Euro million 1.87. The top 10 brands based on the number of points for the turnover carried out in the period 2011-2013 were the following ones: Danone, Friesland, Albalact, Napolact, Fabrica de lapte, Hochland, La Dorna, Simultan, Industrializarea laptelui Mures and Covalact. Based on the market share in 2013, the top 10 brands in dairy products market were Danone (12.11 %, Albalact (10.65 %, Friesland (9.09 %, Fabrica de lapte (6.07%, Napolact (5.61 %, Hochland (5.43 %, La Dorna lactate (4.42 %, Simultan (4.04 %, Covalact (3.31 % and Industrializarea laptelui Mures (3.22 %, all together totalizing 63.90 % market share. The abolition of milk quota in April 2015, the increased stocks of dairy products and the lower purchasing price of milk and dairy products in other EU countries are the main factors which could affect the position of the Romanian brands, when the market will be invaded by cheaper foreign products, taking into account the low purchasing power of the consumer. Only the top powerful Romanian brands with a good endowment, production capacity and diversity

  18. High temperature grain growth and oxidation of Fe-29Ni-17Co (Kovar{trademark}) alloy leads

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stephens, J.J.; Greulich, F.A.; Beavis, L.C.

    1993-12-31

    One important application for the Fe-29Ni-17Co (Kovar{trademark}) alloy in wire form is in brazed feed through assemblies which are integral parts of vacuum electronic devices. Since Cu metal brazes are performed at process temperatures of about 1100{degrees}C, there is opportunity for significant grain growth to occur during the brazing operation. Additional high temperature exposure includes decarburization of the Fe-29Ni-17Co alloy wire in wet hydrogen for 30 min. at 1000{degrees}C prior to the Cu brazing operation. Two approaches have been used to characterize grain growth in two lots of Fe-29Ni-17Co alloy: (1) a once-through processing study to study the effect of one-time-only device thermal processing on the resulting grain size, and (2) an isothermal grain growth study involving various times at 800--1100{degrees}C. The results of the once-through processing study indicate that acceptable grain sizes are obtained from both cold worked and mill-annealed wire lots following Cu brazing. The isothermal grain growth study indicates that the linear intercept distance for Fe-29Ni-17Co can be described with a power law function of time, and that thermal exposure must be controlled at temperatures in excess of 900{degrees}C in order to avoid excessive grain growth. A second study has characterized the oxidation kinetics of Fe-29Ni-17Co alloy wire in air at temperatures ranging from 550--700{degrees}C. This study indicates the parabolic growth law applies for this material, and between 550 and 700{degrees}C, oxidation in this alloy occurs at an activation energy of 27.9 kcal/mole. Other oxidation studies at higher temperatures ({ge}750{degrees}C) indicate an activation energy of 52.2 kcal/mole for oxidation of Fe-29Ni-17Co alloy at temperatures greater than 790{degrees}C. Quantitative point analyses of the oxide scale formed at 600{degrees}C suggest that a significant fraction of the scale is close to the stoichiometry of the Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-type oxide.

  19. Design for software a playbook for developers

    CERN Document Server

    Klimczak, Erik

    2013-01-01

    A unique resource to help software developers create a desirable user experience Today, top-flight software must feature a desirable user experience. This one-of-a-kind book creates a design process specifically for software, making it easy for developers who lack design background to create that compelling user experience. Appealing to both tech-savvy designers and creative-minded technologists, it establishes a hybrid discipline that will produce first-rate software. Illustrated in full color, it shows how to plan and visualize the design to create software that works on every l

  20. Secrets Pages in DR’s Playbook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jakob Isak

    According to former Head of Drama at DR, Ingolf Gabold, one of the “great” and “strange” secrets subtending the success of DR’s TV series is the extremely deliberate work with audiovisual style (Gabold in Nielsen 2012). Here - as elsewhere - Gabold highlights the so-called “paramount-meeting” and......According to former Head of Drama at DR, Ingolf Gabold, one of the “great” and “strange” secrets subtending the success of DR’s TV series is the extremely deliberate work with audiovisual style (Gabold in Nielsen 2012). Here - as elsewhere - Gabold highlights the so-called “paramount...... aspect of DR’s productions by interviewing both management and creative personnel) this paper will discuss the causal mechanisms that subtend the development of audiovisual style in DR series from Gøngehøvdingen to 1864 and will conclude with reflections on the role of DR-series’ style in the age...

  1. PLAYBOOK inferno战术解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    de_inferno是国内赛事以及练习赛使用率最高的地图之一(仅次于dust2)。在今年的大小比赛中曝光率也非常高。相信我们的读者对它也非常熟悉。inferno的战报我们已经做过太多。所以今天的playbook会延续一贯的特色,对inferno的攻防思路进行分析。

  2. Playbook TRAIN攻防要点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OGC

    2006-01-01

    在本期栏目中,我们要探讨的地图是de_train,一个对于入门玩家来说非常头疼的地图,因为它和nuke多少有点相似,地形有利于守方,但是一旦攻方的策略得当,防守者往往会一败涂地。去年WEG前后红遍欧洲的芬兰之翼wings就是凭借自己独特的train快打击败了NiP。

  3. The Coach's Playbook Against Drugs. Portable Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

    This booklet helps coaches educate student athletes in middle, junior high, and high school about the dangers of drugs. Athletic coaches have a special relationship with athletes and other students but often underestimate their influence on them. When they talk to their players and students about the dangers of drugs, the message is more effective…

  4. A State Policymaker's STEM Playbook. Promising Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zinth, Jennifer; Goetz, Tami

    2016-01-01

    Science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) has captured the attention of state policymakers who are concerned about equitable access to high-quality educational experiences and preparing and inspiring students to pursue STEM careers. Yet in many states, STEM policymaking efforts have not achieved their intended return on investment…

  5. Higher Education's New Playbook: Learning Reconsidered

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fried, Jane

    2007-01-01

    In 1995, in "Shifting Paradigms in Student Affairs," this author and her colleagues called for all educators, including those in student affairs, to see their central task as enhancement of student learning. At about the same time, scientists and practitioners began to understand that learning is a contextual process of knowledge acquisition,…

  6. Clinical and angiographic outcome after interventional treatment of the iliac arteries with a new carbofilm trademark coated stent: preliminary results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Butz, B.; Paetzel, C.; Stern, U.; Schleicher, T.; Feuerbach, S.; Lenhart, M. [Dept. of Radiology, Univ. of Regensburg Hospital, Regensburg (Germany); Pfister, K. [Dept. of Surgery, Univ. of Regensburg Hospital, Regensburg (Germany); Link, J. [Dept. of Radiology, Spitalregion St. Gallen, St. Gallen (Switzerland)

    2004-11-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the handling, the procedural success rate and the six-month outcome of a new Carbofilm trademark coated balloon-expandable stent in iliac artery lesions. Materials and Methods: In a prospective study, 46 stenoses and 2 occlusions of the iliac arteries were primarily stented in 30 patients with the Isthmus CarboStent trademark (Sorin Biomedica Cardio S.p.A., Saluggia, Italy). The ankle-brachial index (ABI) at rest was determined before intervention and at the six-month follow-up visit. Iliac angiography, including intraarterial pressure measurement, was performed before intervention, post-procedurally and at the follow-up visit. Results: All lesions were treated with procedural success. The mean degree of all stenoses was 73.9%{+-}14.6 before and 2.4%{+-}8.2 after intervention. The mean pressure gradient was 15.6 mm Hg{+-}10.1 before and 2.5 mm Hg{+-}2.7 after treatment. Nor or only a mild restenosis developed in 27 patients. The mean ABI increased from 0.64{+-}0.21 to 0.86{+-}0.33 and the mean pressure gradient was 2.7 mm Hg{+-}5.4 at the six-month visit. The six-month patency rate was 97.9%. Three patients showed acute stent thrombosis due to an insufficient postprocedural antiplatelet regimen. Discussion: the Isthmus CarboStent trademark is a safe and easy to handle balloon-expandable stent for interventional therapy of iliac artery lesions. The six-month patency rate is good. Despite its Carbofilm trademark coating, postprocedural antiplatelet therapy is necessary. (orig.)

  7. The Impacts of Trademarks and Patents on Labour Productivity in the Knowledge-Intensive Business Service Sectors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domicián Máté

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The economic and social roles of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs are among the most puzzling mysteries of the current literature. The British Industrial Revolution initiate the era of a sustained economic growth all over the word and established institutions that have important effects even in the modern ages. This paper focuses on the determinants of labour productivity growth performance (in terms of the change in output per capita over time of several OECD countries. In this conceptual framework several IPRs, such as trademarks and patents, are first analyzed in the context of knowledge intensive (business service (hereafter KI(BS branches. In order to support both theoretical deductions and empirical findings of the literature a dynamic regression model is tested to clarify whether a valid relationship exists between output per capita and the number of patents and trademarks in the long run. The results of the regression analysis show that an increase in the number of trademarks and patents might correlate negatively with labour productivity growth in KI(BS industries between 1995 and 2011. Hence, this conclusion also highlights that some institutional reforms are needed to change the current intellectual property right systems.

  8. Silicon Film{trademark} photovoltaic manufacturing technology. Semiannual technical progress report, 15 January 1992--15 July 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bottenberg, W.R.; Hall, R.B.; Jackson, E.L.; Lampo, S.; Mulligan, W.E.; Barnett, A.M. [AstroPower, Inc., Newark, DE (United States)

    1993-04-01

    This report describes work on a project to develop an advanced low-cost manufacturing process for a new utility-scale flatplate module based on thin active layers of polycrystalline silicon on a low-cost substrate. This is called the Silicon-Film{trademark} process. This new power module is based on a new large solar cell that is 675 cm{sup 2} in area. Eighteen of these solar cells form a 170-W module. Twelve ofthese modules form a 2-kW array. The program has three components: (1) development of a Silicon-Film{trademark} wafer machine that can manufacture wafer 675 cm{sup 2} in size with a total product cost reductionof 70%; (2) development of an advanced solar cell manufacturing process that will turn the Silicon-Film{trademark} wafer into a 14%-efficient solar cell; and (3) development of an advanced module design based on these large-area, efficient silicon solar cells with an average power of 170 watts. The completion of these three tasks will lead to a new power module designed for utility and other power applications with asubstantially lower cost.

  9. Silicon-Film{trademark} photovoltaic manufacturing technology. Semiannual subcontract report, 15 November 1992--15 May 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bottenberg, W.R. [AstroPower, Inc., Newark, DE (United States)

    1994-01-01

    AstroPower is in the second phase of a 3-year, phased effort to upgrade its facility to produce 1.22-m{sup 2} Silicon-Film{trademark} PV modules with an output of 170 W{sub p}. Productivity improvements of the Silicon-Film{trademark} machine were accomplished during the second phase. Improvements were made in solar cell performance while decreasing materials consumption, integrating and mechanizing the fabrication process for solar cells, and scaling-up solar cell and module equipment for fabricating larger cells. AstroPower is continuing work on separating out effects due to impurities and effects due to defects. Analytical tools were developed for measuring area-based response based on EBIC and LBIC methods. The Kauffman source for hydrogen ion implantation was used to map out the process space for Silicon-Film{trademark} solar cell improvement. Progress was made on improving short-circuit current. Areas of focus include developing tools to quickly assess material quality; developing a hydrogen implantation process; increasing material quality on large-area, high-throughput wafers; and studying potential processes for improving solar cell power output during cell fabrication. A method to improve current collection in a solar cell after contact formation is under development.

  10. Savings estimates for the ENERGY STAR (registered trademark) voluntary labeling program: 2001 status report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Mahajan, Akshay; Koomey, Jonathan G.

    2002-02-15

    ENERGY STAR(Registered Trademark) is a voluntary labeling program designed to identify and promote energy-efficient products, buildings and practices. Operated jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), ENERGY STAR labels exist for more than thirty products, spanning office equipment, residential heating and cooling equipment, commercial and residential lighting, home electronics, and major appliances. This report presents savings estimates for a subset of ENERGY STAR program activities, focused primarily on labeled products. We present estimates of the energy, dollar and carbon savings achieved by the program in the year 2000, what we expect in 2001, and provide savings forecasts for two market penetration scenarios for the period 2001 to 2020. The target market penetration forecast represents our best estimate of future ENERGY STAR savings. It is based on realistic market penetration goals for each of the products. We also provide a forecast under the assumption of 100 percent market penetration; that is, we assume that all purchasers buy ENERGY STAR-compliant products instead of standard efficiency products throughout the analysis period.

  11. CPICOR{trademark}: Clean power from integrated coal-ore reduction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wintrell, R.; Miller, R.N.; Harbison, E.J.; LeFevre, M.O.; England, K.S.

    1997-12-31

    The US steel industry, in order to maintain its basic iron production, is thus moving to lower coke requirements and to the cokeless or direct production of iron. The US Department of Energy (DOE), in its Clean Coal Technology programs, has encouraged the move to new coal-based technology. The steel industry, in its search for alternative direct iron processes, has been limited to a single process, COREX{reg_sign}. The COREX{reg_sign} process, though offering commercial and environmental acceptance, produces a copious volume of offgas which must be effectively utilized to ensure an economical process. This volume, which normally exceeds the internal needs of a single steel company, offers a highly acceptable fuel for power generation. The utility companies seeking to offset future natural gas cost increases are interested in this clean fuel. The COREX{reg_sign} smelting process, when integrated with a combined cycle power generation facility (CCPG) and a cryogenic air separation unit (ASU), is an outstanding example of a new generation of environmentally compatible and highly energy efficient Clean Coal Technologies. This combination of highly integrated electric power and hot metal coproduction, has been designated CPICOR{trademark}, Clean Power from Integrated Coal/Ore Reduction.

  12. Diphonix{trademark} Resin: A review of its properties and applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chiarizia, R.; Horwitz, E.P. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Alexandratos, S.D. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Gula, M.J. [Eichrom Industies, Inc., Darien, IL (United States)

    1995-12-31

    The recently developed Diphonix{trademark} resin is a new multifunctional chelating ion exchange resin containing seminally substituted diphosphonic acid ligands chemically bonded to a styrene-based polymeric matrix. Diphonix can be regarded as a dual mechanism polymer, with a sulfonic acid cation exchange group allowing for rapid access, mostly non-specific, of ions into the polymeric network, and the diphosphonic acid group responsible for specificity (recognition) for a number of metal cations. The Diphonix resin exhibits an extraordinarily strong affinity for actinides, especially in the tetra- and hexavalent oxidation states. It has potential applications in TRU and mixed waste treatment and characterization, and in the development of new procedures for rapid actinide preconcentration and separation from environmental samples. Metal uptake studies have been extended to alkaline earth cations, to transition and post transition metal species, and to metal sorption from neutral or near neutral solutions. Also the kinetic behavior of the resin has been investigated in detail. Influence of the most commonly occurring matrix constituents (Na, Ca, Al, Fe, hydrofluoric, sulfuric, oxalic and phosphoric acids) on the uptake of actinide ions has been measured. This review paper summarizes the most important results studies on the Diphonix resin and gives an overview of the applications already in existence or under development in the fields of mixed waste treatment, actinide separation procedures, treatment of radwaste from nuclear power plants, and removal of iron from copper electrowinning solutions.

  13. Qualification of Reillex{trademark} HPQ anion exchange resin for use in SRS processes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crooks, W.J. III

    2000-05-18

    The Phase 2 portion of the HB-Line facility was built in the early 1980's to process plutonium and neptunium from nitric acid solutions into oxide suitable for storage in a vault. Although the other portions of HB-Line were started up in the mid 1980's and have operated since that time, the anion exchange and precipitation processes in Phase 2 were never started up. As part of the material stabilization efforts, Phase 2 is currently being started up. A new anion exchange resin is needed because the resins that were proposed for use 10 years ago are limited by performance characteristics, disposal requirements, or are no longer commercially available. SRTC is responsible for qualifying all resins prior to their use in Nuclear Materials Stabilization and Storage (NMSS) processes. Qualification consists of both process suitability and thermal stability with nitric acid. This report describes the thermal stability qualification of Reillex{trademark} HPQ, the new resin proposed for processing plutonium and neptunium in the HB Line facility.

  14. SmartShelf{trademark}: Report of activities for fiscal year 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bell, Z.W.; Lawson, R.L.

    1997-09-26

    This report covers activities relating to the SmartShelf{trademark} project during the period October 1, 1996, through September 30, 1997. During this year, project team members have advanced the state of both the hardware and software through a six-month-long test that exercised all hardware and nearly all software components. Second-generation node hardware was constructed and tested with the system and it was found that components supplied by Dallas Semiconductor did not meet the manufacturer`s specifications and were unstable. However, it was possible to work around this problem by rapidly redesigning the second-generation printed circuit board to use proven first-generation electronics and still fit inside the custom designed second-generation enclosure. Thus, the benefits realized by adopting the custom enclosure was not compromised. The software was improved by moving the user interface from modules developed with LabView to forms, queries, and reports developed with Microsoft Access and the structures of the software was modified to take better advantage of the dynamic data exchange (DDE) client-server architecture built into the Windows95 operating system and Access.

  15. Development of dispersion-strengthened XD (trademark) Cu alloys for high heat-flux applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, K. Sharvan

    1993-01-01

    In a previous effort sponsored by NASA LeRC, the XD(trademark) process was used to produce ZrB2 particulate reinforcements in Cu and the resulting extruded material was microstructurally characterized and evaluated in tension over a range of temperatures. A problem that was encountered in that study was microstructural inhomogeneity resulting from the frequent presence of 'ZrB2 agglomerates' that were several microns in size. The presence of these agglomerates was attributed to improper mixing of powders in the green compact used in the XD process for elemental boron powder segregation. In this program, several milling parameters were examined in an effort to optimize this processing step; two levels of ZrB2 reinforcements were considered (7 vol. percent and 15 vol. percent). Microstructures of the reacted powder mass were examined to verify the absence of these agglomerates. Larger bathes of powder were then mixed, reacted, machined to size, canned, and extruded. The microstructure and tensile properties of these extrusions were examined, and the measured properties were correlated with the observed microstructure. Large unreacted or partially reacted Zr particles were present. These particles affected the mechanical properties deleteriously, and their presence is attributed to insufficient heat of reaction during XD synthesis. Alternate processing routes are recommended.

  16. On Ideas for Defining the Scope of Trademark Rights%商标保护范围的划定理念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘武朝; 徐春成

    2014-01-01

    Law makers have to be restrained by trademark protection ideas w hen they are defining the scope of trademark rights .The restraints are based on functions of trademark and ideas of the scope of the rights .Ideas for trademark rights are coming from labor theory ,utilitarianism and liberalism .These ethics prorides legitimacy for defining the scope of tradernark protection ,which are often implyied in the reasoning of the trademark protection .The labor theory is the basic theory for legal protection of trade-marks and radically explains the legitimacy of trademark rights ,but still ,it cannot give correct scope of the rights .The scope of the rights can be explained by utilitarianism .The trademark is the product of liberal economy and the protection of the trademarks has to follow the rules of liberal economy .T he le-gal intervene is only conducted in special cases like deceit ,theft and misappropriation of the trademark .%立法者对商标保护范围的划定需要商标保护理念的约束。这种约束主要体现为对商标功能的肯认和对商标保护范围划定理念的认同。商标保护范围划定的理念主要来自劳动理论、功利主义以及自由主义等伦理学说。这些伦理学说为商标保护范围的划定提供了正当性。它们往往暗含于商标保护的说理过程中。劳动理论从根本上解释了商标保护的正当性,但其不能充分解决商标保护的限度。商标保护的限度可以从功利主义那里得到说明。商标是自由经济的产物,其保护必须遵循自由主义的基本原则,仅在必要的范围内(禁止欺诈、盗用和不当占有等)才允许法律进行干预。

  17. SOx-NOx-Rox Box{trademark} flue gas clean-up demonstration. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    Babcock and Wilcox`s (B and W) SOx-NOx-Rox Box{trademark} process effectively removes SOx, NOx and particulate (Rox) from flue gas generated from coal-fired boilers in a single unit operation, a high temperature baghouse. The SNRB technology utilizes dry sorbent injection upstream of the baghouse for removal of SOx and ammonia injection upstream of a zeolitic selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalyst incorporated in the baghouse to reduce NOx emissions. Because the SOx and NOx removal processes require operation at elevated gas temperatures (800--900 F) for high removal efficiency, high-temperature fabric filter bags are used in the baghouse. The SNRB technology evolved from the bench and laboratory pilot scale to be successfully demonstrated at the 5-MWe field scale. This report represents the completion of Milestone M14 as specified in the Work Plan. B and W tested the SNRB pollution control system at a 5-MWe demonstration facility at Ohio Edison`s R.E. Burger Plant located near Shadyside, Ohio. The design and operation were influenced by the results from laboratory pilot testing at B and W`s Alliance Research Center. The intent was to demonstrate the commercial feasibility of the SNRB process. The SNRB facility treated a 30,000 ACFM flue gas slipstream from Boiler No. 8. Operation of the facility began in May 1992 and was completed in May 1993. About 2,300 hours of high-temperature operation were achieved. The main emissions control performance goals of: greater than 70% SO{sub 2} removal using a calcium-based sorbent; greater than 90% NOx removal with minimal ammonia slip; and particulate emissions in compliance with the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) of 0.03 lb/million Btu were exceeded simultaneously in the demonstration program when the facility was operated at optimal conditions. Testing also showed significant reductions in emissions of some hazardous air pollutants.

  18. Comparison of properties and microstructures of Trefimetaux and Hycon 3HP{trademark} after neutron irradiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Edwards, D.J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Singh, B.N.; Toft, P.; Eldrup, M. [Risoe National Lab., Roskilde (Denmark)

    1998-09-01

    The precipitation strengthened CuNiBe alloys are among three candidate copper alloys being evaluated for application in the first wall, divertor, and limiter components of ITER. Generally, CuNiBe alloys have higher strength but poorer conductivity compared to CuCrZr and CuAl{sub 2}O{sub 3} alloys. Brush-Wellman Inc. has manufactured an improved version of their Hycon CuNiBe alloy that has higher conductivity while maintaining a reasonable level strength. It is of interest, therefore, to investigate the effect of radiation on the physical and mechanical properties of this alloy. In the present work the authors have investigated the physical and mechanical properties of the Hycon 3HP{trademark} alloy both before and after neutron irradiation and have compared its microstructure and properties with the European CuNiBe candidate alloy manufactured by Trefirmetaux. Tensile specimens of both alloys were irradiated in the DR-3 reactor at Risoe to displacement dose levels up to 0.3 dpa at 100, 250 and 350 C. Both alloys were tensile tested in the unirradiated and irradiated conditions at 100, 250 and 350 C. Both pre- and post-irradiation microstructures of the alloys were investigated in detail using transmission electron microscopy. Fracture surfaces were examined under a scanning electron microscope. Electrical resistivity measurements were made on tensile specimens before and after irradiation; all measurements were made at 23 C. At this point it seems unlikely that CuNiBe alloys can be recommended for applications in neutron environments where the irradiation temperature exceeds 200 C. Applications at temperatures below 200 C might be plausible, but only after careful experiments have determined the dose dependence of the mechanical properties and the effect of sudden temperature excursions on the material to establish the limits on the use of the alloy.

  19. A new method of trademark image retrieval using PCNN%利用PCNN实现商标图像检索新方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱红伟; 周冬明; 聂仁灿; 赵东风

    2012-01-01

    In order to solve the scaling,rotation and local changes in the trademark image retrieval.A method of trademark retrieval based on pulse coupled neural network(PCNN) model is proposed in this paper.First an effective image preprocessing algorithm,which reduces the influence of trademark gray distribution difference by the trademark color,is presented by combining PCNN image segmentation and the histogram equalization technology.Then the edge time sequence concept,which is used to describe the distribution characteristics of trademark images regional edge in space,is put forward based on PCNN model,and finally achieve the trademark images quickly effective retrieval.We proceed to the computer simulation based on the trademark repository,simulation results show that this method can be entirely accurate to retrieve the corresponding trademark image,so the method has great resistance to color trademark transformation,rotation,local shape changes and good retrieval performance.%为了解决商标存在尺度缩放、角度旋转和区域局部变化后的难以检索的问题,提出了一种基于脉冲耦合神经网络模型(PCNN,Pulsed Coupled Neural Network)的商标检索新方法.首先通过PCNN图像分割和直方图均衡化技术相结合提出了一种有效的图像预处理算法,以减小颜色对于商标灰度分布差异产生的影响.然后在PCNN模型中提出了边缘时间序列概念,并用于提取商标图像的形状特征,最终实现了商标图像的快速有效检索.在所建立的商标库中进行了计算机仿真,仿真结果表明该方法可有效地检索出待检索商标对应的商标图像,可很好地适应商标颜色变化、角度旋转和局部形状变化,体现了较好的检索性能.

  20. 商标使用权出资法律问题探析%Legal Issues of Investment in Trademark Use Rights

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂君

    2014-01-01

    It is not clear whether trademark use rights can be invested according to the existing laws .There is a realistic de-mand and necessity of investment in trademark use rights .Being of theoretical and practical significance , the investment conforms to the requirements of intellectual property investment subject .Compared with trademark ownership investment and trademark li-cense, it has advantages and is not contradictory to the existing laws and regulations .Investment in trademark use rights should be defined clearly in laws and regulations.%现行法律对于商标使用权能否出资尚无明确规定,商标使用权出资有现实需求且具有必要性,在理论和实践中都有重要意义。商标使用权出资符合知识产权出资的标的要求,与商标所有权出资以及商标许可使用相比,具有很大优势,与现行法律规定也不相悖,应该在法律法规上对商标使用权出资加以明确规定。

  1. Company Slogan and a Vivid Image of a Trademark - as Main Components of a Strong Brand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor BELOSTECINIC

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Among other methods, good brand managers always affect clients and strengthen their fidelity to the brand by means of company advertising slogans and vivid images associated with this brand. Slogans may function as useful “levers” or “hooks” helping clients to understand the essence of a trademark and its peculiarity, as well as to nail in clients' minds the established image of a strong brand. One of the “hooks” attracting attention to brand and helping to nail it in a common man's mind – is a company (advertising slogan - short message or motto, which actively presents the key theme of the brand in general or of a certain advertising campaign, and contains substantial information, reflecting the essence of campaign's or product's marketing offer. One must admit that it is nice to recall favorite philosopher's aphorisms or sayings while getting up in the morning, and to whistle an aria from a renowned opera on your way to work. However, more often people sing unsophisticated verses about the “sign of a good taste” and get annoyed by a trivial call to “have a break” going round in their heads. This means that the advertisement of popular chocolate bars and drinks has hit its target. The main lever for success in generation of a positive and recognizable brand image - is the slogan and its graphic image in consumer's mind. Together with other brand components (logo, corporate colors, sound or music image a slogan generates the system of constant elements which ensure the brand's internal unity and are aimed at creation of exposure effect. To some extent, we all are “ad eaters” and are always capable of estimating an ad, even if it is at the level of feelings: whether we like it or not. So why a certain advertisement can make us smile, elicit good feelings and cause an urge to buy product/service that is being advertised, and another one - evokes disappointment and annoyance? The answer is obvious: the first one was

  2. On Art Design and Brand Communication of Trademark Name%论商标名称的艺术设计与品牌传播

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白艳霞

    2012-01-01

    It analyzed from comprehensive perspective of linguistics and communications design of trademark name that it not only suited cognition specialty of target groups,conveniently remember but appropriately conveyed brand ideas,especially paying attention to mix together the aesthetic elements.It Ddmonstrated beauty of design of trademark name′s structure,pronunciation and meaning to the irreplaceable affection upon brand communication to improve memory of consumers and set up the beautiful brand image.And it revealed trademark name was the core content of brand communication.As the trademarks of brand sign have become the important dependence and guarantee.Trademark is a large invisible asset of enterprise.Successful trademark stress of effect of brand communication,improve competitive power of brand.%从语言学美学和传播学的视角综合分析商标命名的形音义设计不仅要适合目标群体的认知特点、便于识记、恰如其分地传达品牌理念,更应注重审美元素的融入。论证了商标名称的形音义之美在传播中对加深消费者记忆和树立美好品牌形象的无可替代的作用,进而揭示了商标名称是品牌传播的核心内容,作为品牌标志的商标是企业发展的重要依托与保证,是一笔巨大的无形资产,商标名称的语言之美增强了传播的效果,提高了企业的竞争力。

  3. Research on Trademark Right Acquisition System from Competition Policy Perspective%竞争政策视野下商标权取得制度研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗晓霞

    2012-01-01

    Development practice of trademark acquisition system shows that single use acquisition system and registration acquisition system both have advantages and disadvantages. For this reason, after the 20th century, un- der the guidance of competition policy, the national trademark acquisition system shows the convergence trend. "Natural rights" theory provides a moral basis for the legitimacy of the trademark rights. "Pragmatism" property theory provides theory support for. the trademark right's public policy connotation, more precisely, the competition policy connotation. Trademark right acquisition system has abundant competition policy connotation, however, in the system development process, it sometimes shows something non -adaptive for competition policy. It is the di- rection of trademark system perfection to emphasize trademark law's inherent incentives on competition and promote the integration between trademark acquisition system and competition policy .%商标权取得制度的发展实践表明,单一使用取得和注册取得均各有利弊。正因如此,二十世纪以后各国商标权取得制度在竞争政策的引导下呈现出融合趋势。“自然权利”理论为商标权的正当性提供了道德基础,“实用主义”财产理论则为商标权所蕴含的竞争政策内涵提供了理论支持。商标权取得制度具有丰富的竞争政策内涵,但在其制度发展过程中有时亦呈现出与竞争政策的不适应性。突出商标法对竞争的内在激励作用,促进商标取得制度与竞争政策的融合应成为我国商标权取得制度完善的方向。

  4. Development of large-area monolithically integrated silicon-film{trademark} photovoltaic modules. Final subcontract report, May 1, 1991--December 31, 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hall, R.B.; Rand, J.A.; Cotter, J.E. [AstroPower, Inc., Newark, DE (United States)

    1995-04-01

    The objective of this program is to develop Silicon Film{trademark} Product III into a low-cost, stable solar cell for large-scale terrestrial power applications. The Product III structure is a thin (<100 {mu}m) polycrystalline layer of silicon on a durable, insulating, ceramic substrate. The insulating substrate allows the silicon layer to be isolated and metallized to form a monolithically interconnected array of solar cells. High efficiency is achieved by the use of light trapping and passivated surfaces. This project focused on the development of five key technologies associated with the monolithic sub-module device structure: (1) development of the film deposition and growth processes; (2) development of the low-cost ceramic substrate; (3) development of a metallurgical barrier technology; (4) development of sub-element solar cell processing techniques; and (5) development of sub-module (isolation and interconnection) processes. This report covers the development approaches and results relating to these technologies. Significant progress has been made in the development of all of the related technologies. This is evidenced by the fabrication of a working 12.0 cm{sup 2} prototype sub-module consisting of 7 elements and testing with an open circuit voltage of 3.9 volts, a short circuit current of 35.2 mA and a fill factor of 63% and an overall efficiency of 7.3%. Another significant result achieved is a 13.4% (NREL verified), 1.0 cm{sup 2} solar cell fabricated from material deposited and grown on a graphite cloth substrate. The significant technological hurdle of the program was and remains the low quality of the photovoltaic layer which is caused by contamination of the photovoltaic layer from the low-cost ceramic substrate by trace impurities found in the substrate precursor materials. The ceramic substrate and metallurgical barrier are being developed specifically to solve this problem.

  5. 反不正当竞争法视角下的商标保护%Trademark Protection in the Perspective of Anti-unfair Competition Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鑫

    2014-01-01

    我国进入市场经济时代,在与国际经济环境接轨的同时,人们逐渐开始意识到商标权对于个人乃至企业生存和发展的重要性。反不正当竞争法中对于商标的保护不足,要加强规制与商标有关的违法行为,应在立法上设立兜底性条款,增设新的行为类型,完善法律责任体系,从而进一步实现商标的知识产权价值。%Along with Chinese entry into the era of market economy ,the importance of trademark right for individu-als as well as the survival and development of enterprises is gradually recognized in line with international economic environment .The protection of trademark is inadequate in Anti -unfair Competition Law .In order to strengthen the regulation on the violations related to trademarks ,we should establish fallback provisions in legislation ,create a new type of behavior ,improve the legal liability system ,and then further realize the intellectual property value of trade-mark.

  6. I Phone, You Phone, We All Phone with iPhone: Trademark Law and Ethics from an International and Domestic Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowart, Tammy W.; Chumney, Wade M.

    2011-01-01

    In today's Internet-based and global business environment, the legal issues companies face will often involve issues of intellectual property. Virtually every product people purchase is protected by a trademark, a patent, and/or copyrights. Thus, basic concepts of intellectual property are a natural component in any business law or legal…

  7. I Phone, You Phone, We All Phone with iPhone: Trademark Law and Ethics from an International and Domestic Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowart, Tammy W.; Chumney, Wade M.

    2011-01-01

    In today's Internet-based and global business environment, the legal issues companies face will often involve issues of intellectual property. Virtually every product people purchase is protected by a trademark, a patent, and/or copyrights. Thus, basic concepts of intellectual property are a natural component in any business law or legal…

  8. 商标翻译浅析及本土化的推动力%Translation of Trademark and the Drives for Domestication Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈卓辉; 刘思延; 李春烨; 胡恩茵; 马家恩

    2016-01-01

    Trademark, as the direct presentation of a product, is an integral part of an effective and lucrative marketing. Over 600 trademarks and their Chinese translation have been collected in this research. Classification and relative analysis have been adopted for each instance case. Certain principles for trademark translation and basic translation techniques have been refined from the analysis process. Also the study has drawn out ethnic culture and reception aesthetics as the major dive for the tendency of domestication strategy in trademark translation.%商标作为产品最直观的展示窗口,其中文译名直接影响着相关产品的销售情况.本研究搜集了约600个外文商标及其中文译名个例,通过对优秀译名的整理与分析,提炼出商标翻译应当遵守的原则,常见的翻译策略与技巧.并且从民族文化与接受美学这两大驱动力来解释了商标翻译的归化趋势.

  9. The Essence and Applying of the Trademark Fair Use System%商标合理使用制度的本质与适用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚鹤徽

    2015-01-01

    Fair use of trademark is an important category in trademark law, in relation to other manufacturers and to the extent that consumers can use the trademark of rights holders to express ideas and information. So, the trademark fair use system is the“safe-ty valve”limiting the scope of trademark rights and ensuring the free market competition and freedom of expression. In practice, the trademark fair use system might have conflict with the likelihood of confusion standard in applying, which requires the court to see the the level of consumer confusion that defendant’s act objectively lead to, and further analyse the rational of defendant’s act, whether the defendant fulfills its duty of care that they should perform. If the defendant’s act shows that the defendant does not perform its obliga-tions to avoid consumer confusion, then the defendant’s act is lack of rationality, also it does not constitute trademark fair use.%商标合理使用是商标法中的重要范畴,关系到其他厂商、消费者能够在多大程度上利用商标权人的商标来表达观点、传递信息。因此,商标合理使用制度是限定商标权范围、确保市场竞争自由和表达自由的“安全阀”。在实践中,商标合理使用制度可能会与混淆可能性标准的适用发生冲突,这就要求法院要看被告的行为在客观上造成了多大程度的消费者混淆,并进一步分析被告的行为是否具备合理性,被告是否履行了其应当履行的注意义务。如果被告的行为表明被告并没有履行一定的规避消费者混淆的义务,则被告的行为就欠缺合理性,也就不构成商标合理使用。

  10. Trademark Parallel Importation and Exhaustion of Rights%商标平行进口与权利用尽理论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟晓巍

    2013-01-01

    Most scholars may refer to the exhaustion of rights theory to deal with the trademark parallel importa-tion .Judging from the differences between trademarks and intangible property or other intellectual property rights ,it may be a bit one-sided if we explain the legitimacy of trademarks parallel importation only from the as-pect of exhaustion of rights .Explaining this issue from multiple perspectives (the function ,the exclusive right of the trademark and the legal nature )would be more comprehensive and objective .Meanwhile ,if the trademark parallel importation is coordinated in the framework of Free Trade Agreements and Regional Trade Agreements , mutual exhaustion of rights will probably become a viable option .%论及商标平行进口,学者普遍引用权利用尽理论探讨商标平行进口是否具有合法性。从商标与无形财产和其他知识产权的区别来看,仅依权利用尽理论解释商标平行进口是否具有合法性就会略显片面。从商标的功能、商标专用权的法律性质等多重角度出发,为商标平行进口定性应该会更全面、客观。同时,在区域贸易协定框架下对商标平行进口进行协调,权利的互惠用尽或许将会成为可行的方案。

  11. Effects of Heating on Teflon(Registered Trademark) FEP Thermal Control Material from the Hubble Space Telescope

    Science.gov (United States)

    deGroh, Kim; Gaier, James R.; Hall, Rachelle L.; Norris, Mary Jo; Espe, Matthew P.; Cato, Daveen R.

    1999-01-01

    Metallized Teflon(Registered Trademark) FEP (fluorinated ethylene propylene) thermal control material on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is degrading in the space environment. Teflon(Registered Trademark) FEP thermal control blankets (space-facing FEP) retrieved during the first servicing mission (SM1) were found to be embrittled on solar facing surfaces and contained microscopic cracks. During the second servicing mission (SM2) astronauts noticed that the FEP outer layer of the multi-layer insulation (MLI) covering the telescope was cracked in many locations around the telescope. Large cracks were observed on the light shield, forward shell and equipment bays. A tightly curled piece of cracked FEP from the light shield was retrieved during SM2 and was severely embrittled, as witnessed by ground testing. A Failure Review Board (FRB) was organized to determine the mechanism causing the MLI degradation. Density, x-ray crystallinity and solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analyses of FEP retrieved during SM1 were inconsistent with results of FEP retrieved during SM2. Because the retrieved SM2 material curled while in space, it experienced a higher temperature extreme during thermal cycling, estimated at 200 C, than the SM1 material, estimated at 50 C. An investigation on the effects of heating pristine and FEP exposed on HST was therefore conducted. Samples of pristine. SM1, and SM2 FEP were heated to 200 C and evaluated for changes in density and morphology. Elevated temperature exposure was found to have a major impact on the density of the retrieved materials. Characterization of polymer morphology of as-received and heated FEP samples by NMR provided results that were consistent with the density results. These findings have provided insight to the damage mechanisms of FEP in the space environment.

  12. Gasification of residual waste by the PreCon {sup trademark} process on the basis of high-temperature Winkler gasification (HTW); Vergasung von Restmuell nach dem PreCon {sup trademark} -Verfahren auf Basis der Hochtemperatur-Winkler Vergasung (HTW)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klein, J.; Luetge, C.; Deutsch, M. [Krupp Uhde GmbH, Dortmund (Germany); Wischnewski, R.; Mittelstaedt, A. [Rheinbraun AG, Koeln (Germany)

    1998-09-01

    The HTW process is an established technology. Experiments in the laboratory and in a demonstration plant resulted in a valid design basis for the PreCon {sup trademark} process. The economic efficiency and competitive strength of the process is outlined. (orig./SR) [Deutsch] Das HTW-Verfahren praesentiert sich als eine bewaehrte, grosstechnisch erprobte Technologie fuer eine geaenderte Applikation. Die Umsetzung der in den Versuchen im Technikum und an der Demonstrationsanlage gewonnenen positiven Ergebnisse fuehrt zu einer abgesicherten Auslegungsgrundlage fuer das PreCon {sup trademark} -Verfahren. Die Wirtschaftlichkeit und Wettbewerbsfaehigkeit des Verfahrens laesst sich schon heute darstellen. (orig./SR)

  13. User friendly analysis of MR investigations of the cerebral perfusion: Windows {sup trademark} -based image processing; Benutzerfreundliche Auswertung von MR-Untersuchungen der zerebralen Perfusion: Windows {sup trademark} -basierte Bildverarbeitung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wittsack, H.J.; Moedder, U. [Inst. fuer Diagnostische Radiologie, Univ. Duesseldorf (Germany); Ritzl, A. [Inst. fuer Medizin, Forschungszentrum Juelich (Germany)

    2002-06-01

    Purpose: Quick and user-friendly analysis of perfusion and diffusion weighted MRI by means of interactive computer software. Method: A Windows {sup trademark} -based software was developed for analysis of perfusion (PWI) and diffusion (DWI) MR imaging. The computer program was developed in the programming language C++ using optimized algorithms, so that a high computing speed on Win95/98/NT systems is achieved. The established SVD algorithms of Oestergaard et al. for quantitative perfusion analysis were implemented. Results: Perfusion parameter maps of the cerebral blood flow (rCBF), the mean transit time (MTT) and the cerebral blood volume (rCBV) in consideration of the arterial input function (AIF) can be calculated and visualized using color tables. Additionally, the calculation of ''time-to-peak'' maps (TTP) and of maps of the percentage change in signal intensity (PC) is possible. The analysis of n = 10 normal persons shows perfusion values that agree with those found in the literature. Discussion: With the computer program developed here color-coded perfusion parameter maps can be calculated easily. Because of the high computing speed it is possible to get information about tissue perfusion on the basis of the large MR data sets even in acute investigations. (orig.) [German] Ziel: Schnelle und bedienerfreundliche Auswertung von perfusions- und diffusions-gewichteten MRT-Daten mittels interaktiver Auswertesoftware. Methoden: Eine Windows {sup trademark} -basierte Software zur Auswertung von Perfusions- (PWI) und Diffusions-MRT (DWI) wurde entwickelt. Das Computerprogramm wurde in der Programmiersprache C++ unter Verwendung optimierter Algorithmen entwickelt, so dass eine hohe Rechengeschwindigkeit auf Win95/98/NT-Systemen erreicht wird. Die etablierten SVD-Algorithmen von Oestergaard zur quantitativen Perfusions-Auswertung wurden implementiert. Ergebnisse: Perfusions-Parameterbilder des zerebralen Blutflusses (rCBF), der mittleren

  14. 从商标牌号纠纷诉讼看清末民初商民的商标法律意识%Trademark Legal Awareness of Merchants in the Late Qing Dynasty and the Early Republic of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪梅

    2015-01-01

    1923年《商标法》颁布之前的清末民初,我国民商事活动仍然处于商标制定法缺失时期。从当时国内商标牌号的一些纠纷诉讼案及其裁判、处罚情况,可以看出清末民初我国商民的商标法律意识的一些特点:商标专用权意识薄弱;对商标侵权的内涵界定认识不清;商标注册意识淡薄;对商标的保护和对商标纠纷诉讼的裁判、处罚仍摆脱不了传统行为方式和商业惯例的影响等等。这些特点是由于我国长期以来缺少对知识产权的保护,商民商标法律意识、观念的形成与提升滞后于商标法制建设本身所致。这些情况又进而降低了《商标法》实施的实际效果。%The period of the late Qing dynasty and the early Republic of China before 1923 when the Trademark Act was issued was still a period lack of legislation of trademark laws in civil commercial ac⁃tivity. Based on the dispute lawsuits concerning the trademarks and brands in China at that time as well as their judgments and punishment, features of legal awareness in trademarks then can be concluded as weak awareness of exclusive right to trademark use and of trademark registration, implicit knowledge on the connotative definition of trademark infringement. Trademark protection and judgments and punishment of the trademark lawsuits were greatly influenced by traditional behaviors and business practices. All those features originate from the lack of intellectual property protection, along with the forming and upgrading of the legal awareness and concepts concerning trademarks lagging behind the legal construction of trade⁃mark, which reduces the actual effect of Trademark Act implementation.

  15. EVALUATION OF SPERM CHROMATIN STRUCTURE ASSAY (SCSA REGISTERED TRADEMARK) IN HUMAN SPERM AFTER SIMULATED OVERNIGHT SHIPMENT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Home semen collection kits allow men to collect a sample at their convenience and send it via overnight mail to the laboratory. Benefits of this approach include facilitated sample collection from different geographic locations, minimized variability through analysis by a central...

  16. Preliminary flowsheet: Ion exchange process for the separation of cesium from Hanford tank waste using Duolite{trademark} CS-100 resin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eager, K.M.; Penwell, D.L.; Knutson, B.J.

    1994-12-01

    This preliminary flowsheet document describes an ion exchange process which uses Duolite{trademark} CS-100 resin to remove cesium from Hanford Tank waste. The flowsheet describes one possible equipment configuration, and contains mass balances based on that configuration with feeds of Neutralized Current Acid Waste, and Double Shell Slurry Feed. Process alternatives, unresolved issues, and development needs are discussed which relate to the process.

  17. 中国文化视角下的品牌名称翻译%The translation of foreign trademarks from the perspective of the Chinese culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭雅楠

    2016-01-01

    外来商标的翻译是一项重要而富有创造性的工作。商标名的背后体现了本土文化独有的特性。在其汉译过程中,如何与中国文化结合一直是一项艰难的工作。结合的成功与否,也很大程度地影响着中国消费者对商品的接受度。从中国文化的视角下分析外来商标的翻译,主要从吉祥文化、动物文化、植物文化、文学文化、汉字文化五个方面进行了研究。总结并提出了商标翻译中体现文化元素的三个的方法,以便译者能对商标名准确翻译,同时宣传中国文化。%The translation of foreign trademarks is an important and creative process. The trademarks themselves reflect the unique characteristics of the local culture. However, it is a difficult task to know how to combine the translation with the Chinese culture. So its combination has a great impact on the acceptance of the Chinese consumers. This paper is going to analyze the translation of foreign trademarks from the perspective of the Chinese culture, including the auspicious culture, animal culture, plant culture, literature and culture and Chinese character culture. Furthermore, this paper has concluded and put forward three methods in the translation of trademarks so that translators can not only translate the brand names correctly but also promote the Chinese culture.

  18. 网络冒用商标行为的刑法学思考%Criminalistic Consideration on the Fraudulent Use of Trademark in Cyberspace

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于冲

    2011-01-01

    随着网络空间中商标权益的扩张和网络市场营销的发展,网络冒用商标行为的社会危害性日益凸显,并已成为严重威胁商标塑造和品牌发展的重要障碍。但是,现有的刑事制裁体系对于网络冒用商标行为却存在着严重的立法滞后和司法缺失。传统刑法应当遵循法益保护的思路,在刑法扩张解释的边界之外,考虑网络冒用商标行为的入罪化。%Along with the expansion of the trademark rights in cyberspace and the development of network marketing, the network infringement conduct's social harmfulness has become increasingly obvious, and has become a serious threat to the building and development of the trademark. However, the existing system of criminal sanctions for network trademark infringement beh-avior have seriously lagged in legislation and justice. Traditional criminal law should follow the idea of protecting the legal rights, expanding the boundary of network infringement behavior, consider the criminalization.

  19. What Intellectual Property Lawyers can learn from Barbra Streisand, Sepp Blatter, and the "Coca-Cola Cry-Baby": Dealing with "Trademark Bullying" in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André M Louw

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article suggests some pause for reflection amongst intellectual property lawyers, and for serious consideration of the words of an internationally-renowned IP law expert: "Possessing a right does not mean that it is a good idea to enforce it always, and to the hilt. Discretion may be nine parts of possession". It provides some prominent, recent examples of trademark bullying or overly-aggressive enforcement in the IP law context. These examples are mainly from other jurisdictions but they are directly relevant to some of the IP law challenges present in South Africa at the moment. The article further examines why lawyers and rights' holders engage in trademark bullying (why it's done, and start to deal briefly with some of the legal implications. A future article is to examine the legal aspects of trademark bullying in much more detail and considers its legitimacy within the context of IP law, more generally, and some other areas of law, more specifically.

  20. 论英语商标音译选字的动态性%Dynamic Feature of Selection in Transliterating English Trademarks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲海婷; 刘祥清

    2011-01-01

    商标音译的成败影响商品能否顺利进入国际市场。英语商标要进入中国市场,其音译须充分考虑汉字的音、形、义于一体的特点。研究表明,英语商标音译选字上多选用汉语动词和动态形容词,具有明显的动态性特征。%The Success or failure of trademark translation determines whether a product can be well accepted or not in the international market. An English trademark to be introduced into the Chinese market should take fully into consideration Chinese Characters as a unity of sound, form and meaning when transliterated. It is discovered that Chinese verbs and dynamic adjectives are often chosen to transliterate English trademarks, characterized by a state of being dynamic.

  1. Tensile and electrical properties of unirradiated and irradiated Hycon 3HP{trademark} CuNiBe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zinkle, S.J.; Eatherly, W.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1996-10-01

    The unirradiated tensile properties of two different heats of Hycon 3HP{trademark} CuNiBe (HT Temper) have been measured over the temperature range of 20-500{degrees}C for longitudinal and long transverse orientations. The room temperature electrical conductivity has also been measured for both heats. Both heats exhibited a very good combination of strength and conductivity at room temperature. The strength remained relatively high at all test temperatures, with a yield strength of 420-520 MPa at 500{degrees}C. However, low levels of ductility (<5% uniform elongation) were observed at test temperatures above 200-250{degrees}C, due to flow localization adjacent to grain boundaries. Fission neutron irradiation to a dose of {approximately}0.7 dpa at temperatures between 100 and 240{degrees}C produced a slight increase in strength and a significant decrease in ductility. The measured tensile elongation increased with increasing irradiation temperature, with a uniform elongation of {approximately}3.3% observed at 240{degrees}C. The electrical conductivity decreased slightly following irradiation, due to the presence of defect clusters and Ni, Zn, Co transmutation products. The data indicate that CuNiBe alloys have irradiated tensile and electrical properties comparable or superior to CuCrZr and oxide dispersion strengthened copper at temperatures <250{degrees}C, and may be suitable for certain fusion energy structural applications.

  2. Simulink(Trademark) Controller for a Reluctance Motor With a Four-Pole Rotor and 36-Tooth Stator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Carlos R.; Provenza, Andrew J.

    2017-01-01

    NASA Glenn Research Center has developed a Simulink(Trademark) controller logic for driving a room temperature, 36-teeth stator, four-pole rotor reluctance motor. The Simulink logic was extracted from an existing C++ motor controller that was previously employed to achieve a rotor speed of 3000 rpm. The Simulink controller has additional logic refinements that were not available in past C++ controller, such as the per rev logic component and its frequency filter. The filter provides a more accurate reading of the rotor input signals. The controller is versatile, and with slight modifications, can be used to drive other reluctance motor types incorporating dissimilar stator rotor pole combinations. The original C++ controller was designed with the goal (after appropriate modification) of controlling a future superconducting motor. This superconducting motor will be employed as a test bed for developing other superconducting aviation propulsion motors envisioned for future turbo-electric aircrafts. The Simulink results presented in this paper were generated from simulated rotor inputs. However, in an actual application, these simulated inputs are to be replaced by actual proximity probe signals emanating from D-Space hardware inputs.

  3. DREAMS - a universal AMS facility based on the 6 MV-Tandetron trademark at FZD in Dresden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akhmadaliev, Shavkat; Kolitsch, Andreas; Merchel, Silke; Moeller, Wolfhard [Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e. V., Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, Dresden (Germany)

    2010-07-01

    A new accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) system has been installed at the Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (FZD). The system is based on a 6 MV-Tandetron trademark accelerator produced by High Voltage Engineering Europe (HVEE). The AMS facility is specified for measurements of {sup 10}Be, {sup 14}C, {sup 26}Al, {sup 36}Cl, {sup 41}Ca and {sup 129}I with isotopic ratios of 10{sup -10} - 10{sup -16} and precision better than 0.3% for {sup 14}C/{sup 12}C. The system uses a bouncer sequential injector with two Cs-sputter ion sources and a 54 electrostatic analyser (ESA). On the high-energy site it has a 90 -analysing magnet, Faraday-Cups for stable nuclides, a 35 -ESA, a post-stripper foil, and a 30 -vertical magnet for suppression of interfering species, and gas ionisation chamber for detection of radionuclides. The Cockroft-Walton type high voltage generator provides a terminal voltage of up to 6 MV. The system is additionally equipped with a multipurpose ion injector containing a third Cs-sputter ion source and a duoplasmatron for high-energy ion implantation and ion-beam materials analysis.

  4. Advanced light water reactor plants System 80+{trademark} design certification program. Annual progress report, October 1, 1994--September 30, 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    The purpose of this report is to provide the status of the progress that was made towards Design Certification of System 80+{trademark} during the US government`s 1995 fiscal year. The System 80+ Advanced Light Water Reactor (ALWR) is a 3931 MW (1350 MWe) Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR). The design covers an essentially complete plant. It is based on EPRI ALWR Utility Requirements Document (URD) improvements to the Standardized System 80 Nuclear Steam Supply System (NSSS) in operation at Palo Verde Units 1, 2, and 3. The NSSS is a traditional two-loop arrangement with two steam generators, two hot legs and four cold legs, each with a reactor coolant pump. The System 80+ standard design houses the NSSS in a spherical steel containment vessel which is enclosed in a concrete shield building, thus providing the safety advantages of a dual barrier to radioactivity release. Other major features include an all-digital, human-factors-engineered control room, an alternate electrical AC power source, an In-Containment Refueling Water Storage Tank (IRWST), and plant arrangements providing complete separation of redundant trains in safety systems.

  5. MCNP{trademark} simulations for identifying environmental contaminants using prompt gamma-rays from thermal neutron capture reactions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frankle, S.C.; Conaway, J.G.

    1996-12-31

    The primary purposes of the Multispectral Neutron Logging Project, (MSN Project, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy), were to assess the effectiveness of existing neutron- induced spectral gamma-ray logging techniques for identifying environmental contaminants along boreholes, to further improve the technology, and to transfer that technology to industry. Using a pulsed neutron source with a high-resolution gamma-ray detector, spectra from thermal neutron capture reactions may be used to identify contaminants in the borehole environment. Direct borehole measurements such as this complement physical sampling and are useful in environmental restoration projects where characterization of contaminated sites is required and long-term monitoring may be needed for many years following cleanup or stabilization. In the MSN Project, a prototype logging instrument was designed which incorporated a pulsed 14-MeV neutron source and HPGe detector. Experimental measurements to determine minimum detection thresholds with the prototype instrument were conducted in the variable-contaminant test model for Cl, Cd, Sm, Gd, and Hg. We benchmarked an enhanced version of the Monte Carlo N-Particle computer code MCNP{trademark} using experimental data for Cl provide by our collaborators and experimental data from the variable-contaminant test model. MCNP was then used to estimate detection thresholds for the other contaminants used in the variable-contaminant model with the goal of validating the use of MCNP to estimate detection thresholds for many other contaminants that were not measured.

  6. Structure Computation of Quiet Spike[Trademark] Flight-Test Data During Envelope Expansion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kukreja, Sunil L.

    2008-01-01

    System identification or mathematical modeling is used in the aerospace community for development of simulation models for robust control law design. These models are often described as linear time-invariant processes. Nevertheless, it is well known that the underlying process is often nonlinear. The reason for using a linear approach has been due to the lack of a proper set of tools for the identification of nonlinear systems. Over the past several decades, the controls and biomedical communities have made great advances in developing tools for the identification of nonlinear systems. These approaches are robust and readily applicable to aerospace systems. In this paper, we show the application of one such nonlinear system identification technique, structure detection, for the analysis of F-15B Quiet Spike(TradeMark) aeroservoelastic flight-test data. Structure detection is concerned with the selection of a subset of candidate terms that best describe the observed output. This is a necessary procedure to compute an efficient system description that may afford greater insight into the functionality of the system or a simpler controller design. Structure computation as a tool for black-box modeling may be of critical importance for the development of robust parsimonious models for the flight-test community. Moreover, this approach may lead to efficient strategies for rapid envelope expansion, which may save significant development time and costs. The objectives of this study are to demonstrate via analysis of F-15B Quiet Spike aeroservoelastic flight-test data for several flight conditions that 1) linear models are inefficient for modeling aeroservoelastic data, 2) nonlinear identification provides a parsimonious model description while providing a high percent fit for cross-validated data, and 3) the model structure and parameters vary as the flight condition is altered.

  7. Study on legal issues of the trademark use and infringement cognizance of 3D printing%3D打印商标使用与侵权认定法律问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙益武

    2015-01-01

    如果3D 打印机家庭应用得到普及,个人可以打印3D 物品和商标标识,传统产品制造和销售过程的商标使用和侵权认定将面临冲击和挑战。根据现行商标制度,打印附有商标的3D物品构成对注册商标的使用;未经授权的商标使用构成商标侵权。商标权例外规则只能有限适用,而大量分散3D打印行为对权利人的经济利益造成严重损害,3 D打印中的商标使用不能适用“合理使用”和“个人自用”等商标权例外规则。设计者在3 D数据文件中对商标的使用应当属于在商业活动中使用“虚拟商标”,需要取得商标授权;未经授权的使用构成商标侵权。我国可通过建立3D打印控制系统、规范3D数据文件上传和谨慎设定商标例外规则等措施,确保在3D打印时代对商标权有效保护,同时促进3D打印产业的健康发展。%If domestic 3D printers become popular, the individual can print 3D commodities and trademark logos. Thus, such issues as trademark use and infringement cognizance in the traditional manufacturing and marketing process will be faced with new shocks and challenges. In accordance with current trademark system, the printing of trademark with 3D printer is a kind of trademark use, and unauthorized use of trademarks constitutes trademark infringement. Trademark exception rules only apply to a limited situation, but a number of discrete 3D printing behaviors cause serious damage to the economic interests of rights holders;3D printing can not be applied in the use of“fair use” or“personal use”, which is regarded as a kind of trademark exception. The designers of the 3D data file whose use of the trademark should constitute the use of “virtual trademark” in business activities, need to obtain trademark licensing;those unauthorized uses constitute trademark infringement. China should ensure effective protection of trademark in the 3D printing era, and

  8. Monte Carlo importance sampling for the MCNP{trademark} general source

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lichtenstein, H.

    1996-01-09

    Research was performed to develop an importance sampling procedure for a radiation source. The procedure was developed for the MCNP radiation transport code, but the approach itself is general and can be adapted to other Monte Carlo codes. The procedure, as adapted to MCNP, relies entirely on existing MCNP capabilities. It has been tested for very complex descriptions of a general source, in the context of the design of spent-reactor-fuel storage casks. Dramatic improvements in calculation efficiency have been observed in some test cases. In addition, the procedure has been found to provide an acceleration to acceptable convergence, as well as the benefit of quickly identifying user specified variance-reduction in the transport that effects unstable convergence.

  9. Development of a Quantitative TaqMan{trademark}-PCR Assay and Feasibility of Atmosphoric Collection for Coccidioides Immits for Ecological Studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daniels, J I; Wilson, W J; DeSantis, T Z; Gouveia, F J; Anderson, G L; Shinn, J H; Pletcher, R; Johnson, S M; Pappagianis, D

    2002-02-01

    identified as a select (biological) agent in the federal Anti-Terrorist and Effective Death Penalty Act. Successful demonstration of these tools in this study will place this multidisciplinary team in a credible position to proceed with additional research designed to determine the climatic signals and ecological triggers that would be associated with the presence of this microorganism environmentally and that would correlate with subsequent outbreaks of Valley Fever clinically. Results from such future research would then provide the information needed for environmental intervention of the disease occurrence, well before clinical cases appear. The technology and modeling developed for such a study also could be used for determining the ecology of other environmentally linked, medically important infectious diseases that occur naturally or that might be introduced deliberately into environmental media indoors or outside. The following approach was taken to achieve the technological objectives of this study. First, the protocols for the TaqMan{trademark}-PCR assay were enhanced to achieve the superior specificity and sensitivity required for quantifying, from a DNA signature, those C. immitis spores that are present in calibration samples (consisting of known quantities of pure culture inoculated onto air-filter concentrate, and then removed, and the DNA extracted) and those that are present within the calibration range on air filters obtained from the field and handled similarly. Second, the feasibility of using advanced nuclepore air-filter media to collect the spores from ambient air in C immitis endemic areas in the Central Valley of California was evaluated. These membranes permit the physics of high-volume air sampling to be used to filter larger amounts of air than previously possible for detecting airborne microorganisms. Thus, the higher volume of air flow improves the likelihood of capturing on the filter any C. immitis spores resuspended from nearby soil, where

  10. A Study on the Crime of Counterfeiting Registered Trademarks From Substantive Interpretation Perspective:A Case of Trademark Infringement“Confusion Likelihood”Standard%实质解释视域下的假冒注册商标罪研究--以商标侵权“混淆可能性”标准为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永升; 冯文杰

    2015-01-01

    The literal interpretation of the Article 213 of Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China can neither reasonably define the substantial content of the counterfeiting registered trademarks crime,nor rationally comb the counterfeiting acts deserving punishing and the counterfeiting activities not deserving punishing.Only when multiple rational investigations between the regulations and the facts are made,can the substantial contents of the crime of counterfeiting registered trademarks be rationally defined.Specifically speaking,the true legal interests of the counterfeiting registered trademarks crime can only be located based on the substantive interpre-tation.The definition of the counterfeiting trademarks crime acts or non -crime acts can be made by considering the "confusion likelihood"standard of counterfeit trademark infringement and the criminal protection system of trademark right under the TRIPS Agreement.%仅仅形式化地解释《刑法》第213条的文字含义,无法合理界定假冒注册商标罪的实质内涵,亦无法理性地将值得科处刑罚的假冒行为与不值得科处刑罚的假冒行为梳理出来。目光在规范与事实之间必须多次往返,方可以理性界定假冒注册商标罪的实质内涵。质言之,必须以实质解释的立场界定假冒注册商标罪的真正法益,并结合假冒型商标侵权“混淆可能性”标准、TRIPS 协议视域下的商标权刑事保护体系,对假冒商标行为的罪与非罪做出合理的界定。

  11. Modeling Constellation Virtual Missions Using the Vdot(Trademark) Process Management Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardy, Roger; ONeil, Daniel; Sturken, Ian; Nix, Michael; Yanez, Damian

    2011-01-01

    The authors have identified a software tool suite that will support NASA's Virtual Mission (VM) effort. This is accomplished by transforming a spreadsheet database of mission events, task inputs and outputs, timelines, and organizations into process visualization tools and a Vdot process management model that includes embedded analysis software as well as requirements and information related to data manipulation and transfer. This paper describes the progress to date, and the application of the Virtual Mission to not only Constellation but to other architectures, and the pertinence to other aerospace applications. Vdot s intuitive visual interface brings VMs to life by turning static, paper-based processes into active, electronic processes that can be deployed, executed, managed, verified, and continuously improved. A VM can be executed using a computer-based, human-in-the-loop, real-time format, under the direction and control of the NASA VM Manager. Engineers in the various disciplines will not have to be Vdot-proficient but rather can fill out on-line, Excel-type databases with the mission information discussed above. The author s tool suite converts this database into several process visualization tools for review and into Microsoft Project, which can be imported directly into Vdot. Many tools can be embedded directly into Vdot, and when the necessary data/information is received from a preceding task, the analysis can be initiated automatically. Other NASA analysis tools are too complex for this process but Vdot automatically notifies the tool user that the data has been received and analysis can begin. The VM can be simulated from end-to-end using the author s tool suite. The planned approach for the Vdot-based process simulation is to generate the process model from a database; other advantages of this semi-automated approach are the participants can be geographically remote and after refining the process models via the human-in-the-loop simulation, the

  12. Assessing coal combustion and sourcing strategies using EPRI`s CQIM{sup {trademark}}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stallard, G.S.; Jennison, K.D. [Black & Veatch, Overland Park, KS (United States)

    1995-12-01

    Understanding the cost and performance issues associated with coal quality or, more precisely, specific constituents within coal is an important ingredient of engineering and planning processes. Such processes can cover a wide range of activities, including how to most cost-effectively burn local coal supplies, how to identify what technologies or designs should be employed for new facilities, and how to identify potentially viable {open_quotes}new{close_quotes} coal supplies. Selection of coals, coal blends, or coal benefication processes is a complex problem. Similarly, it is difficult for industry participants (ministries, regulators, distribution companies, etc.) To correlate fuel selection strategies to overall power system performance costs. The underlying need to understand coal quality impacts on the financial efficiency of a plant is increasingly important in light of economic and environmental pressures faced by today`s power industry. The Coal Quality Impact Model (CQIM{reg_sign}) offers an ideal platform for understanding and evaluating coal quality impacts. Developed by Black & Veatch for the electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), CQIM is a computer {open_quotes}tool{close_quotes} that is dedicated to maintaining state-of-the-art status by continually incorporating the latest technologies or modeling techniques as they become available. By taking advantage of research efforts and a sound engineering modeling approach, the CQIM is capable of predicting plant-wide performance impacts and translating them into costs.

  13. Selective removal/recovery of RCRA metals from waste and process solutions using polymer filtration{trademark} technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, B.F. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1997-10-01

    Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) metals are found in a number of process and waste streams at many DOE, U.S. Department of Defense, and industrial facilities. RCRA metals consist principally of chromium, mercury, cadmium, lead, and silver. Arsenic and selenium, which form oxyanions, are also considered RCRA elements. Discharge limits for each of these metals are based on toxicity and dictated by state and federal regulations (e.g., drinking water, RCRA, etc.). RCRA metals are used in many current operations, are generated in decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) operations, and are also present in old process wastes that require treatment and stabilization. These metals can exist in solutions, as part of sludges, or as contaminants on soils or solid surfaces, as individual metals or as mixtures with other metals, mixtures with radioactive metals such as actinides (defined as mixed waste), or as mixtures with a variety of inert metals such as calcium and sodium. The authors have successfully completed a preliminary proof-of-principle evaluation of Polymer Filtration{trademark} (PF) technology for the dissolution of metallic mercury and have also shown that they can remove and concentrate RCRA metals from dilute solutions for a variety of aqueous solution types using PF technology. Another application successfully demonstrated is the dilute metal removal of americium and plutonium from process streams. This application was used to remove the total alpha contamination to below 30 pCi/L for the wastewater treatment plant at TA-50 at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and from nitric acid distillate in the acid recovery process at TA-55, the Plutonium Facility at LANL (ESP-CP TTP AL16C322). This project will develop and optimize the PF technology for specific DOE process streams containing RCRA metals and coordinate it with the needs of the commercial sector to ensure that technology transfer occurs.

  14. Evaluation of Material Models within LS-DYNA(Registered TradeMark) for a Kevlar/Epoxy Composite Honeycomb

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polanco, Michael A.; Kellas, Sotiris; Jackson, Karen

    2009-01-01

    The performance of material models to simulate a novel composite honeycomb Deployable Energy Absorber (DEA) was evaluated using the nonlinear explicit dynamic finite element code LS-DYNA(Registered TradeMark). Prototypes of the DEA concept were manufactured using a Kevlar/Epoxy composite material in which the fibers are oriented at +/-45 degrees with respect to the loading axis. The development of the DEA has included laboratory tests at subcomponent and component levels such as three-point bend testing of single hexagonal cells, dynamic crush testing of single multi-cell components, and impact testing of a full-scale fuselage section fitted with a system of DEA components onto multi-terrain environments. Due to the thin nature of the cell walls, the DEA was modeled using shell elements. In an attempt to simulate the dynamic response of the DEA, it was first represented using *MAT_LAMINATED_COMPOSITE_FABRIC, or *MAT_58, in LS-DYNA. Values for each parameter within the material model were generated such that an in-plane isotropic configuration for the DEA material was assumed. Analytical predictions showed that the load-deflection behavior of a single-cell during three-point bending was within the range of test data, but predicted the DEA crush response to be very stiff. In addition, a *MAT_PIECEWISE_LINEAR_PLASTICITY, or *MAT_24, material model in LS-DYNA was developed, which represented the Kevlar/Epoxy composite as an isotropic elastic-plastic material with input from +/-45 degrees tensile coupon data. The predicted crush response matched that of the test and localized folding patterns of the DEA were captured under compression, but the model failed to predict the single-cell three-point bending response.

  15. Engineering and Scientific Applications: Using MatLab(Registered Trademark) for Data Processing and Visualization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sen, Syamal K.; Shaykhian, Gholam Ali

    2011-01-01

    MatLab(TradeMark)(MATrix LABoratory) is a numerical computation and simulation tool that is used by thousands Scientists and Engineers in many countries. MatLab does purely numerical calculations, which can be used as a glorified calculator or interpreter programming language; its real strength is in matrix manipulations. Computer algebra functionalities are achieved within the MatLab environment using "symbolic" toolbox. This feature is similar to computer algebra programs, provided by Maple or Mathematica to calculate with mathematical equations using symbolic operations. MatLab in its interpreter programming language form (command interface) is similar with well known programming languages such as C/C++, support data structures and cell arrays to define classes in object oriented programming. As such, MatLab is equipped with most of the essential constructs of a higher programming language. MatLab is packaged with an editor and debugging functionality useful to perform analysis of large MatLab programs and find errors. We believe there are many ways to approach real-world problems; prescribed methods to ensure foregoing solutions are incorporated in design and analysis of data processing and visualization can benefit engineers and scientist in gaining wider insight in actual implementation of their perspective experiments. This presentation will focus on data processing and visualizations aspects of engineering and scientific applications. Specifically, it will discuss methods and techniques to perform intermediate-level data processing covering engineering and scientific problems. MatLab programming techniques including reading various data files formats to produce customized publication-quality graphics, importing engineering and/or scientific data, organizing data in tabular format, exporting data to be used by other software programs such as Microsoft Excel, data presentation and visualization will be discussed.

  16. Engineering and Scientific Applications: Using MatLab(Registered Trademark) for Data Processing and Visualization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sen, Syamal K.; Shaykhian, Gholam Ali

    2011-01-01

    MatLab(R) (MATrix LABoratory) is a numerical computation and simulation tool that is used by thousands Scientists and Engineers in many cou ntries. MatLab does purely numerical calculations, which can be used as a glorified calculator or interpreter programming language; its re al strength is in matrix manipulations. Computer algebra functionalities are achieved within the MatLab environment using "symbolic" toolbo x. This feature is similar to computer algebra programs, provided by Maple or Mathematica to calculate with mathematical equations using s ymbolic operations. MatLab in its interpreter programming language fo rm (command interface) is similar with well known programming languag es such as C/C++, support data structures and cell arrays to define c lasses in object oriented programming. As such, MatLab is equipped with most ofthe essential constructs of a higher programming language. M atLab is packaged with an editor and debugging functionality useful t o perform analysis of large MatLab programs and find errors. We belie ve there are many ways to approach real-world problems; prescribed methods to ensure foregoing solutions are incorporated in design and ana lysis of data processing and visualization can benefit engineers and scientist in gaining wider insight in actual implementation of their perspective experiments. This presentation will focus on data processing and visualizations aspects of engineering and scientific applicati ons. Specifically, it will discuss methods and techniques to perform intermediate-level data processing covering engineering and scientifi c problems. MatLab programming techniques including reading various data files formats to produce customized publication-quality graphics, importing engineering and/or scientific data, organizing data in tabu lar format, exporting data to be used by other software programs such as Microsoft Excel, data presentation and visualization will be discussed. The presentation will emphasize creating

  17. Catalytic Two-Stage Liquefaction (CTSL{trademark}) process bench studies and PDU scale-up with sub-bituminous coal. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Comolli, A.G.; Johanson, E.S.; Karolkiewicz, W.F.; Lee, L.K.T.; Stalzer, R.H.; Smith, T.O.

    1993-03-01

    Reported are the details and results of Laboratory and Bench-Scale experiments using sub-bituminous coal conducted at Hydrocarbon Research, Inc., under DOE Contract No. DE-AC22-88PC88818 during the period October 1, 1988 to December 31, 1992. The work described is primarily concerned with testing of the baseline Catalytic Two-Stage Liquefaction (CTSL{trademark}) process with comparisons with other two stage process configurations, catalyst evaluations and unit operations such as solid separation, pretreatments, on-line hydrotreating, and an examination of new concepts. In the overall program, three coals were evaluated, bituminous Illinois No. 6, Burning Star and sub-bituminous Wyoming Black Thunder and New Mexico McKinley Mine seams. The results from a total of 16 bench-scale runs are reported and analyzed in detail. The runs (experiments) concern process variables, variable reactor volumes, catalysts (both supported, dispersed and rejuvenated), coal cleaned by agglomeration, hot slurry treatments, reactor sequence, on-line hydrotreating, dispersed catalyst with pretreatment reactors and CO{sub 2}/coal effects. The tests involving the Wyoming and New Mexico Coals are reported herein, and the tests involving the Illinois coal are described in Topical Report No. 2. On a laboratory scale, microautoclave tests evaluating coal, start-up oils, catalysts, thermal treatment, CO{sub 2} addition and sulfur compound effects were conducted and reported in Topical Report No. 3. Other microautoclave tests are described in the Bench Run sections to which they refer such as: rejuvenated catalyst, coker liquids and cleaned coals. The microautoclave tests conducted for modelling the CTSL{trademark} process are described in the CTSL{trademark} Modelling section of Topical Report No. 3 under this contract.

  18. Commercial-scale demonstration of the Liquid Phase Methanol (LPMEOH{trademark}) process. Technical progress report No. 1, October 1, 1993--June 30, 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    The Liquid Phase Methanol (LPMEOH{trademark}) Demonstration Project at Kingsport, Tennessee is a $213.7 million cooperative agreement between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. (Air Products). This document describes major accomplishments in project development for Fiscal Year 1993. The preliminary process hazards review, project safety plan, schedule, and cost management report are included as appendices. The demonstration is sited at the Eastman Chemical Company (Eastman) complex in Kingsport. Air Products and Eastman are working on a partnership agreement which will form the Air Products Liquid Phase Conversion Company, L.P. As a limited partner in the venture, Eastman will own and operate the demonstration unit. The project involves the construction of a 260 tons-per-day (TPD) or 80,000 gallon per day methanol demonstration unit utilizing an existing coal-derived synthesis gas from Eastman. The new equipment consists of synthesis gas feed preparation and compression, liquid phase reactor and auxiliaries, product distillation, and utilities. The technology to be demonstrated was developed by Air Products in a DOE sponsored program that started in 1981. Originally tested at a small, DOE-owned experimental facility in LaPorte, Texas, the LPMEOH{trademark} process offers several advantages over current methods of making methanol. This liquid phase process suspends fine catalyst particles in an inert liquid, forming a slurry. The liquid dissipates heat from the chemical reaction away from the catalyst surface, protecting the catalyst, and allowing the gas-to-methanol reaction to proceed at higher rates. The process is ideally suited to the type of gas produced by modem coal gasifiers. At the Eastman Chemical complex, the technology will be integrated with existing coal gasifiers to demonstrate the commercially important aspects of the operation of the LPMEOH{trademark} Process to produce methanol.

  19. Protecting ‘Single-Origin Coffee’ within the Global Coffee Market: The Role of Geographical Indications and Trademarks

    OpenAIRE

    Schussler, Lennart

    2009-01-01

    Over the past decade, coffee producers have been struggling with the world market’s low and unstable coffee prices. Some coffee producing countries try to overcome this crisis by moving from pure commodity exports to higher-price exports of niche market quality products, like “single-origin coffee†, protected by intellectual property tools. Such protection can take the form of trademarks or geographical indications. At present within the single-origin coffee sector, a trend to use the lat...

  20. Research on the Recent Development of the Amendment of China's Trademark Law and Its Further Upgrading%我国商标法修改的最新进展及其完善研究(续)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯晓青

    2014-01-01

    The Trademark Law, amended in August 2013 for the third time, is an intellectual property right law which is ontological, international and up to date, the implementation of which is sure to play an important role in the development of Chinese market economy.Constrained by various restrictions, however, there are still further improvements and studies in the new law, such as the application for trademark registration procedures and facilitating timely access to the applicant for trademark registration, the behavior to exploit the trademark, the protection of the exclusive rights to use a trademark, and the function and role of trademark legal system in the market order of fair competition.%2013年8月我国第三次修正的《商标法》是一部兼具本体化、国际化和现代化特色的知识产权法。它的实施必将对中国市场经济发展发挥极为重要的作用。但是,囿于多方面限制,该法仍然存在若干值得进一步完善的问题,值得加以研究和思考。这些问题主要如商标法立法宗旨、商标专用权限制制度、注册商标连续3年不使用制度、关于侵犯商标专用权行为规定、注册商标专用权共有制度、注册商标利用制度等。

  1. 在先著作权与商标权的冲突与协调新探%The latest analysis of the conflict and coordination between the prior copyright and trademark rights

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹玲容

    2016-01-01

    The conflict between copyright and trademark rights is the main form in the intellectual property rights conflict.The trademark law tends to over-protect the trademark rights when there is a conflict between copyright and trademark rights.That is not consistent with the intellectual property law theory and the provisions of the copy-right law.It also make not harmonious to intellectual property law enforcement system.To solve this problem well, we can improve the rights loss system of trademark law,and changes form the power of declaring invalidation of the registered trademark from the executive to judiciary.%在知识产权的权利冲突中,著作权与商标权之间的冲突是其主要表现形式。我国现行《商标法》协调二者冲突的条款过于倾向对在后商标权的保护,与知识产权法的理论及我国《著作权法》的规定不相符,实践中也易导致知识产权执法体制的不协调。完善商标法中的权利丧失制度,将宣告注册商标无效的权力从行政权变更为司法权,能很好地解决这一问题。

  2. MODULAR ANALYTICS: A New Approach to Automation in the Clinical Laboratory

    OpenAIRE

    Horowitz, Gary L.; Zaman, Zahur; Blanckaert, Norbert J. C.; Chan, Daniel W.; Dubois, Jeffrey A.; Golaz, Olivier; Mensi, Noury; Keller, Franz; Stolz, Herbert; Klingler, Karl; Marocchi, Alessandro; Prencipe, Lorenzo; McLawhon, Ronald W.; Nilsen, Olaug L.; Oellerich, Michael

    2005-01-01

    MODULAR ANALYTICS (Roche Diagnostics) (MODULAR ANALYTICS, Elecsys and Cobas Integra are trademarks of a member of the Roche Group) represents a new approach to automation for the clinical chemistry laboratory. It consists of a control unit, a core unit with a bidirectional multitrack rack transportation system, and three distinct kinds of analytical modules: an ISE module, a P800 module (44 photometric tests, throughput of up to 800 tests/h), and a D2400 module (16 photometric tests, throughp...

  3. Commercial-scale demonstration of the Liquid Phase Methanol (LPMEOH{trademark}) process. Technical progress report number 2, July 1--September 30, 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    The project involves the construction of a 260 tons-per-day (TPD) or 80,000 gallon per day methanol demonstration unit utilizing an existing coal-derived synthesis gas from Eastman. The new equipment consists of synthesis gas feed preparation and compression, liquid phase reactor and auxiliaries, product distillation, and utilities. The technology to be demonstrated was developed by Air Products in a DOE sponsored program that started in 1981. Originally tested at a small, DOE-owned experimental facility in LaPorte, Texas, the LPMEOH{trademark} process offers several advantages over current methods of making methanol. This liquid phase process suspends fine catalyst particles in an inert liquid, forming a slurry. The liquid dissipates heat from the chemical reaction away from the catalyst surface, protecting the catalyst and allowing the gas-to-methanol reaction to proceed at higher rates. The process is ideally suited to the type of gas produced by modern coal gasifiers. At the Eastman Chemical complex, the technology will be integrated with existing coal gasifiers to demonstrate the commercially important aspects of the operation of the LPMEOH{trademark} Process to produce methanol. A four-year demonstration will prove the commercial applicability of the process. An off-site product-use test program will prove the suitability of the methanol as a transportation fuel and as a fuel for stationary applications in the power industry.

  4. Analysis of air particulate matter in Teflon trademark and quartz filters by short-irradiation, epithermal-neutron activation with Compton suppression

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freitas, M.C.; Almeida, S.M.; Dung, H.M.; Dionisio, I. [URSN, Sacavem (Portugal). Instituto Tecnologico e Nuclear (ITN); Pacheco, A.M.G. [Technical Univ. of Lisboa (Portugal). CERENA-IST

    2011-07-01

    This work aimed at developing methodologies to characterize the elemental composition of air particulate matter (APM) collected in Portugal, at an urban area (Lisboa, mainland Portugal) and at a remote location (Terceira island, Azores, Portugal). The Azores' collections were based on quartz filters; Teflon trademark filters were used at the urban area. The main components of Teflon trademark and quartz filters are fluorine and silica, respectively, the latter featuring higher levels of elements in the blanks. Al and Ti are reduced to null values when the blanks are subtracted. Epithermal short irradiation associated to Compton suppression in the measurement allowed the determination of a set of elements potentially representative of important emission sources: seaspray (Cl, Br, Na, Mg), fuel burning (V), incineration (Cl), soil resuspension (Mg, Mn, Na, U, V), and traffic (Br, Mn). The analysis was fast due to the use of an automatic system. In some cases, the same element had different origins in the urban and remote oceanic areas. (orig.)

  5. Fermi UNIX trademark environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nicholls, J.

    1991-03-01

    The introduction of UNIX at Fermilab involves multiple platforms and multiple vendors. Additionally, a single user may have to use more than one platform. This heterogeneity and multiplicity makes it necessary to define a Fermilab environment for UNIX so that as much as possible the systems look and feel'' the same. We describe our environment, including both the commercial products and the local tools used to support it. Other products designed for the UNIX environment are also described. 19 refs.

  6. Ada (Trademark) Primer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    34 " ">"’ ,w%, % - PROBLEM Write a function called AreaOfSquare which returns the area of a square given the length of a side. Write a main procedure...out Called-Unit Called-Unit Called Unit Figure 2-5. Parameter Modes as Data Flow 1110-1-1.1 2-46 PROBLEM Write a subprogram to calculate the area of a square given

  7. Ada (Trademark) Reusability Guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-04-01

    to do if a Problem Occurs 61 6.1.10 Examples of Reuse 61 6.2 INTERFACE DESCRIPTION 61 6.2.1 Reusable Component Called Via Subprogram Call by Reuser 62...6.2.2 Reusable Component Calls Subprogram of Reuser 62 6.2.3 Reusable Component is a Task with an Entry Called by Rouser 62 6.2.4 Reusable Component...is a Task that Calls an Entry of Reuser 62 6.2.5 Reusable Component Shares Memory with Subprogram of Reuser 63 6.2.6 Reusable Component is a Task

  8. Gamestorming: a playbook for Innovators, rulebreakers, and changemakers

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Brown, Sunni; Macanfuno, James

    2010-01-01

    ...? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Evolution of the Game World The Game of Business Fuzzy Goals Game Design Chapter 1 xv 1 2 4 5 9 Chapter 2 10 Essentials for Gamestorming...

  9. The Innate Immune Playbook for Restricting West Nile Virus Infection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kendra M. Quicke

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available West Nile virus (WNV is an emerging mosquito-borne flavivirus that causes annual epidemics of encephalitic disease throughout the world. Despite the ongoing risk to public health, no approved vaccines or therapies exist for use in humans to prevent or combat WNV infection. The innate immune response is critical for controlling WNV replication, limiting virus-induced pathology, and programming protective humoral and cell-mediated immunity to WNV infection. The RIG-I like receptors, Toll-like receptors, and Nod-like receptors detect and respond to WNV by inducing a potent antiviral defense program, characterized by production of type I IFN, IL-1β and expression of antiviral effector genes. Recent research efforts have focused on uncovering the mechanisms of innate immune sensing, antiviral effector genes that inhibit WNV, and countermeasures employed by WNV to antagonize innate immune cellular defenses. In this review, we highlight the major research findings pertaining to innate immune regulation of WNV infection.

  10. Staying alive: defensive strategies in the BCL-2 family playbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullen, Sean P; Henry, Conor M; Martin, Seamus J

    2011-11-18

    Much debate surrounds how prosurvival members of the BCL-2 family repress opening of the BAX/BAK channel to block apoptosis; in this issue Llambi et al. (2011) identify two modes of apoptosis inhibition that exhibit surprisingly different behavior upon repeat proapoptotic challenges by BH3-only proteins.

  11. Instant Messaging pro BlackBerry PlayBook

    OpenAIRE

    Hajný, Jiří

    2012-01-01

    V práci je představena cílová platforma BlackBerry Tablet OS a její vývojové prostředky. Práce dokumentuje návrh a implementaci klienta komunikačního protokolu XMPP/Jabber. Implementace je provedena ve vývojovém prostředí Flash Builder 4.6, v jazyce Adobe ActionScript 3.0. This thesis introduces the target platform BlackBerry Tablet OS as well as its development tools. It documents design and implementation of a client for communicating protocol XMPP/Jabber named IM Client. The implementat...

  12. The Rookie's Playbook: Insights and Dirt for New Principals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tooms, Autumn

    2003-01-01

    Principal shares lessons and insights with beginning principals. Discusses differences between principals and assistant principals, staff relationships, competition for resources, giving and receiving loyalty, identifying and following a moral compass. (PKP)

  13. Playbook de_Cbble地图要点解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OGC

    2006-01-01

    de_cbble是一个很奇怪的地图,虽然从CS 1.1开始就作为比赛地图之一.但是平衡性和地形设计一直不被广大玩家尤其是职业玩家所认可。从1.5的后期开始,随着版本更选等因素.cbble慢慢淡出了玩家的视线。但与归于沉寂的aztec不同.cbble在去年重新焕发了生机.CPL上也再次出现了大家熟悉的古堡世界。

  14. PLAYBOOK 近期实战看点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    在过去的一个月,虽然应该进入传统意义上的赛事淡季,但是今年的国内赛场却丝毫没有熄火的迹象。从CEG广州站到Kode 5预选赛,青岛举行的国际对抗赛,还有Hakcer赴新参加的CPL分站赛,以及截稿时将要举行的WSVG以及Kode总决赛……今年的比赛从数量到强度都是前所未有的。我们本期的Playbook内容就是针对国内赛场最近出现的新阵容、新打法和新趋势进行简要的分析与介绍,当然,我们的焦点还是集中在今年将要代表中国出战WCG总决赛、也是读者朋友中人气最高的wNv.gm。

  15. Metal ions: supporting actors in the playbook of small ribozymes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson-Buck, Alexander E; McDowell, Sarah E; Walter, Nils G

    2011-01-01

    Since the 1980s, several small RNA motifs capable of chemical catalysis have been discovered. These small ribozymes, composed of between approximately 40 and 200 nucleotides, have been found to play vital roles in the replication of subviral and viral pathogens, as well as in gene regulation in prokaryotes, and have recently been discovered in noncoding eukaryotic RNAs. All of the known natural small ribozymes - the hairpin, hammerhead, hepatitis delta virus, Varkud satellite, and glmS ribozymes--catalyze the same self-cleavage reaction as RNase A, resulting in two products, one bearing a 2'-3' cyclic phosphate and the other a 5'-hydroxyl group. Although originally thought to be obligate metalloenzymes like the group I and II self-splicing introns, the small ribozymes are now known to support catalysis in a wide variety of cations that appear to be only indirectly involved in catalysis. Nevertheless, under physiologic conditions, metal ions are essential for the proper folding and function of the small ribozymes, the most effective of these being magnesium. Metal ions contribute to catalysis in the small ribozymes primarily by stabilizing the catalytically active conformation, but in some cases also by activating RNA functional groups for catalysis, directly participating in catalytic acid-base chemistry, and perhaps by neutralizing the developing negative charge of the transition state. Although interactions between the small ribozymes and cations are relatively nonspecific, ribozyme activity is quite sensitive to the types and concentrations of metal ions present in solution, suggesting a close evolutionary relationship between cellular metal ion homeostasis and cation requirements of catalytic RNAs, and perhaps RNA in general.

  16. Creating a Winning Game Plan. The Secondary Teacher's Playbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gose, Michael D.

    This book offers strategies for high school teachers that provide tools for creating, repairing, and tweaking all the discernible components of teaching. The book is organized to move from context to teaching to discipline to thriving in teaching. The book includes tips on how to minimize discipline problems with effective curriculum and sound…

  17. The innate immune playbook for restricting West Nile virus infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quicke, Kendra M; Suthar, Mehul S

    2013-10-30

    West Nile virus (WNV) is an emerging mosquito-borne flavivirus that causes annual epidemics of encephalitic disease throughout the world. Despite the ongoing risk to public health, no approved vaccines or therapies exist for use in humans to prevent or combat WNV infection. The innate immune response is critical for controlling WNV replication, limiting virus-induced pathology, and programming protective humoral and cell-mediated immunity to WNV infection. The RIG-I like receptors, Toll-like receptors, and Nod-like receptors detect and respond to WNV by inducing a potent antiviral defense program, characterized by production of type I IFN, IL-1β and expression of antiviral effector genes. Recent research efforts have focused on uncovering the mechanisms of innate immune sensing, antiviral effector genes that inhibit WNV, and countermeasures employed by WNV to antagonize innate immune cellular defenses. In this review, we highlight the major research findings pertaining to innate immune regulation of WNV infection.

  18. Radiology coding, reimbursement, and economics: a practical playbook for housestaff.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrey, W Banks; Allen, Bibb; Thorwarth, William T

    2009-09-01

    As radiologists-in-training, residents and fellows have little time to devote to understanding the complex and often confusing world of reimbursement and radiology economics. At best, housestaff are afforded only a modicum of exposure to the economics of medicine. Although most training programs try to provide some information on the subject, between learning radiology, taking call, and juggling life outside the hospital, the majority of residents and fellows have little time or energy to learn about the economics of radiology. Furthermore, information on medical economics and radiology has only occasionally been directed specifically to housestaff or widely distributed to residents across the country. This is unfortunate because the reimbursement and economic arena will significantly affect daily practice, relationships with other specialties, and compensation. In this article, the authors briefly describe the current reimbursement and economic climate: how we got here and where we may be headed, with specific attention to coding for radiologic services. In addition, and perhaps more important, the authors highlight aspects of residents' or fellows' daily practice that may have the potential to affect reimbursement in their years of practice ahead, such as proper dictation and coding techniques, the importance of adhering to new reporting guidelines, and the need for increased radiologist involvement in professional and community activities. The authors also emphasize measures that can be taken, specifically by housestaff, to promote and preserve the image of our specialty, which ultimately is intertwined with the reimbursement and economics of our field.

  19. The trademark translation principles and strategies under the guidance of skopos theory%目的论指导下的商标翻译原则及策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海莉

    2012-01-01

      商标翻译有别于其他常规翻译,它是以广告销售为目的而进行的翻译行为。本文是以翻译目的论为指导框架,阐释商标的特点,并在目的论指导下提出商标翻译的原则,及音译法,意译法和音意结合法这三种商标翻译方法。%  The translation of trademarks is different from other conventional translation, it is with advertising sales as the purpose of translation. This paper is based on the skopos theory as a guiding framework for interpretation of the characteristics of trademark, and put forward trademark translation principles under the guidance of skopos theory, and transliteration, free translation and transliteration method of these three kinds of trademark translation methods.

  20. Use of LS-DYNA(Registered TradeMark) to Assess the Energy Absorption Performance of a Shell-Based Kevlar(TradeMark)/Epoxy Composite Honeycomb

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polanco, Michael

    2010-01-01

    The forward and vertical impact stability of a composite honeycomb Deployable Energy Absorber (DEA) was evaluated during a full-scale crash test of an MD-500 helicopter at NASA Langley?s Landing and Impact Research Facility. The lower skin of the helicopter was retrofitted with DEA components to protect the airframe subfloor upon impact and to mitigate loads transmitted to Anthropomorphic Test Device (ATD) occupants. To facilitate the design of the DEA for this test, an analytical study was conducted using LS-DYNA(Registered TradeMark) to evaluate the performance of a shell-based DEA incorporating different angular cell orientations as well as simultaneous vertical and forward impact conditions. By conducting this study, guidance was provided in obtaining an optimum design for the DEA that would dissipate the kinetic energy of the airframe while maintaining forward and vertical impact stability.

  1. El TLT (Trademark Law Treaty y los retos para la Superintendencia de Industria y Comercio como Oficina Nacional de Propiedad Industrial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Carolina Corcione Morales

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available La Superintendencia de Industria y Comercio, como Oficina Nacional de Propiedad Industrial, se enfrentará a un nuevo sistema de registro de marcas una vez sea incorporado a nuestro ordenamiento el Tratado sobre Derecho de Marcas (Trademark Law Treaty –tlt–. Los retos procesales que se avecinan al introducirse el registro multiclase en el actual sistema colombiano ameritan un análisis detenido del contenido del tratado y de las medidas que el gobierno colombiano deberá adoptar para garantizar una implementación exitosa del instrumento internacional. La entrada en vigencia del tlt, si bien no implica un reto que obligue a replantear las fuentes y principios del derecho de la propiedad industrial, es un desafío de índole procesal que hace necesario adecuar el actual funcionamiento de la Superintendencia de Industria y Comercio a los aspectos humano y tecnológico.

  2. El TLT (Trademark Law Treaty y los retos para la superintendencia de industria y comercio como oficina nacional de propiedad industrial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Carolina Corcione Morales

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available La Superintendencia de Industria y Comercio, como Oficina Nacional de Propiedad Industrial, se enfrentará a un nuevo sistema de registro de marcas una vez sea incorporado a nuestro ordenamiento el Tratado sobre Derecho de Marcas – TLT (Trademark Law Treaty. Los retos procesales que se avecinan al introducirse el registro multiclase en el actual sistema colombiano, ameritan un análisis detenido del contenido del tratado y de las medidas que el gobierno colombiano deberá adoptar para garantizar una implementación exitosa del instrumento internacional. La entrada en vigencia del TLT, si bien no implica un reto que obligue replantear las fuentes y principios del derecho de la propiedad industrial, es un desafío de índole procesal que hace necesario adecuar el actual funcionamiento de la Superintendencia de Industria y Comercio, a nivel humano y tecnológico.

  3. The interpretation practice of The European Court of Justice while judging the conflict between labelling applied as trademark with elderly right of another person

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hana Kelblová

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the verification of the starting hypothesis of complementariness of the law of consumer protection and the law of intellectual property. In order to achieve that goal the author analyzes individual the Czech Trade Marks Act from the standpoint of protection of rights and interests of consumers.The article follows the categorical requirement of a public law rule, the Consumer Protection Act, which prohibits deceiving consumers and establishes that deceiving may also consist in offering products and services unjustified designated by misleading trade mark.The consumer is deceived most frequently when trade marks are used for designation of products and their promotion. The Trade Marks Act may be analyzed in relation to consumer protection first from the standpoint of consumer protection against trade marks misleading someone about the origin and quality of products and services designated by them. Then it is possible to examine the question whether requirements of a designation for being registered as a trade mark are at the same time those attributes of the trade mark which meet the declared intention of the lawmaker, i.e. that the trade mark should be a source of information for the consumer about the origin and quality of the product de­sig­na­ted by it.Especially, the article deals with an interpretation of the conception „Likelihood of Confusion“ as the fundamental conception while judging the conflict with elderly trademarks applying for the re­gi­stra­tion into the list of The Patent Office.A perception of an average consumer is a fundamental factor for a judgement of „Likelihood of Confusion“ as results from the decision practice of The Czech Patent Office, Czech courts and The European Court of Justice. This is proof of the conclusion that rules of the Trademark Law are rules of the Consumer protection Law.

  4. 社交网络平台商标侵权责任与风险防范%Trademark Infringement Liability of the Social Media Platform and Its Risk Prevention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈磊; 吴园晨

    2013-01-01

    There are enormous risks of trademark infringement in the daily op-eration of social media platform because of the uncertainty of users ’identities and the diversity of the content on the platform .Trademark infringements on the plat-form often manifest as squatting other ’s trademark on a username and releasing in-formation on the infringement products and services .The infringement analysis concerning the squatting on a username could draw lessons from the solutions on the dispute between domain name and trademark which focus on existence of the confusion and the bad faith of the squatter .The social media platforms do not in-volve directly in these deals and can only be held contributorially liable for trade -mark infringement when they know or should know the existence of the trademark infringement .In addition to legal reliefs , the perfection of the verification mecha-nism can also protect the trademark rights of the enterprises and the legitimate rights and interests of Internet users .%社交平台用户身份的不确定性与平台内容的多样性使得社交网络平台的日常运营存在巨大的商标侵权风险。将商标作为用户名进行注册,以及通过社交平台发布商标侵权产品或服务的信息是目前社交平台上导致商标权人利益受损的主要情形。对将他人商标注册为用户名的侵权分析可以借鉴域名与商标争议的解决方法,考察是否导致了混淆以及行为人是否具有恶意目的。社交网络平台未直接参与侵权商品或服务交易,其仅在明知或应知侵权行为的情形下承担间接侵权责任。除积极实施法律救济手段外,完善社交网络平台认证政策亦能起到保护商标权与维护网络用户合法权益的作用。

  5. Historical Evolution and Contemporary Revelation:A New Probe into the Relationship between Trademarks and Goodwill Centered on the Common Law Practice%历史演进与当代启示:商标与商誉关系新探*--以英美普通法实践为考察中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张惠彬

    2016-01-01

    The modern system of trademark is established centered on the core concept of trademark property. The formation of the trademark law is like a mirror of development process of the trademark prop-erty during which the relation between goodwill and trademark have been entangled. Upon hundreds of years’ cognition, Goodwill has transformed from a business concept into the trademark property ontology, and judges in the common law system have been searching the appropriate position for the trademark law in the judicial practice. The statement that goodwill is the trademark property ontology conforms to the theory of intellectual property information. However, as property, goodwill is difficult to define and its evaluation is complex. The conceptual overlapping often happens between goodwill and trademark. With development of modern marketing strategy, the property value of trademark cannot do without goodwill and the property value of goodwill is not limited to trademark.%现代商标制度的建立以商标财产观为核心,商标法的形成实质是商标财产化的一幅镜像。在商标财产化的进程中,商誉与商标的关系一直纵横交错。商誉从一个商业概念成为商标财产本体的认知历经百年,普通法法官在司法实践中不断寻找商誉在商标法上的合适位置。商誉是商标财产本体的论述符合知识产权信息理论。但是,商誉作为一种财产也面临着定义困难、评估复杂以及常常与商标意涵重叠的问题。随着现代营销策略的推广,商标的财产价值离不开商誉,商誉的财产价值却不限于商标。

  6. 论网络交易平台商标侵权避风港规则的建构%On Structuring the Safe Harbor Rules of Trademark Infringement in the Field of Online Trading Service Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春晓; 张利锋

    2014-01-01

    本文通过简要阐述网络交易中出现的商标侵权现况,分析理论及司法界对于避风港规则的认识和适用过程,阐述构建网络商标侵权领域内的避风港规则的意义、以及如何构建避风港规则。%This thesis briefly summarizes the current situation of trademark infringement occurred in the online trade environment, and then analyzes the understanding of safe harbor rules in the field of theory and judicature and its application. This thesis further discusses the significance of structuring the safe harbor rules in the fields of online trademark infringement, and the way to structure the safe harbor.

  7. 小微企业实施商标战略的困境与对策%PREDICAMENT AND COUNTERMEASURES OF SMALL & MICRO-BUSINESSES IN IMPLEMENTING TRADEMARK STRATEGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文江; 郭雨洁

    2015-01-01

    The existence and development of small and micro enterprises give not only strong support to the de-velopment of the national economy,but also provide vast space for national employment. Therefore governments at all levels have gradually introduced a number of supportive policies. Following the successive promulgation of the strategy of developing the country through science and technology and the strategy of intellectual proper-ty,technology-based small and micro-businesses attach greater importance to the role of intellectual property in the development of enterprises,such as brand development,patented technology and so on. However,in prac-tice,small and micro-businesses are faced with not only some misunderstanding as to how to cultivate and es-tablish their own brands through trademark registration,such as passing off a famous brand,paying no attention to registered trademark,ignoring the use of registered trademarks and so on,they are also plagued by the exist-ing system including restricted personal trademark applications,inconvenient electronic filing,rejecting and re-viewing application at higher costs. Small and micro enterprises should choose proper trademark strategy ac-cording to their own characteristics,such as small scale,weak in strength and low productivity. The State Trademark Bureau should effectively support the development of small and micro-businesses through the revi-sion of trademark law which will optimize and refine trademark registration rules.%小微企业的存在与发展不仅有力支撑了国民经济的发展,而且成为国民就业的广阔空间,为此,我国各级政府都陆续出台了许多扶持政策。在科技兴国战略和知识产权战略相继颁布后,科技型小微企业更加重视知识产权在企业发展中的作用,如品牌建设、专利技术等。然而,实践中小微企业如何通过商标注册培育和树立自身品牌,不仅面临着一些认识误区,

  8. 驰名商标自我淡化的表现形式和特点及其防范对策%The Forms, Characteristics and Preventive Measures of the Self-dilution of Well-known Trademarks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓先

    2012-01-01

    Well-known trademarks have an absolute significance for Sharing market, and any diluting behavior to well-known trademarks would result in an irreversible damage. There are differences between self-dilu- tion and traditional dilution in terms of their form and subject. In reality, enterprises are alert to the self-di- lution of well-known trademarks, but do not take sufficient care and preventive measures. Exploring the forms, characteristics and preventive measures of self-dilution of well-known trademarks has vital significance to an enterprise's long-term development.%驰名商标对占有市场有着绝对的意义,任何淡化行为对驰名商标都将构成难以逆转的损害。自我淡化与传统的淡化相比,在淡化的主体或淡化的形式上都不相同。现实中,企业对驰名商标被淡化的情形已经非常警觉,但是对驰名商标自我淡化的情形并没有引起足够的重视和防范。探索驰名商标自我淡化的表现形式、特点及其防范对策,对企业的长远发展有着重要的意义。

  9. Research on Trademark Law Protection for the Rights and Interests of Anime Character Merchandising%动漫角色商品化权益的商标法保护研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓芬

    2014-01-01

    At present , the protection for the rights and interests of anime character merchandising is one of the bottle -necks restricting the development of animation industry in our country , the essence of which is the control and protection of anime character .Because anime character and trademark have more correspondence in function , it is the most advisa-ble way to protect relevant interests of character merchandising through positively registering as trademarks ; it is also a path available to have a passive protection with the help of the articles of prior right protection and the public order and good morals of the trademark law if there is no registration or fail to obtain the trademark registration in time .%目前,动漫角色后续商品化权益保护是制约我国动漫产业发展的瓶颈之一,其实质是角色的支配与保护问题。由于动漫角色与商标在功能和价值上具有较多的契合之处,将其注册为商标进行主动保护是最为适宜的路径选择;若没有及时注册或不能获得商标注册,借助商标法中的在先权利保护及公序良俗条款进行被动保护,亦是可供选择的路径。

  10. 假冒注册商标罪司法认定中若干问题的解读%The Interpretation of the Crime of Counterfeiting Registered Trademarks Issues in Judicial Cognizance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯克鹏

    2011-01-01

    假冒注册商标罪是我国知识产权刑事保护体系中的重要罪名。随着我国市场经济的快速发展,知识产权领域的犯罪日渐增多,其中通过假冒他人注册商标进行犯罪的现象尤为突出。为了在司法实践中正确区分罪与非罪,应当注意从“同一种商品”、“相同商标”、“使用”、“情节严重”等多个方面厘清假冒注册商标罪的认定标准。%The crime of counterfeiting registered trademarks is an important content in the criminal protection system of intellectual property in China. With the rapid development of market economy of China, crime In the field of intellectual property is increasing. The act of counterfeiting registered trademarks is particularly prominent. In order to correctly distinguish between crime and non - crime in the judicial practice, we should pay attention to clarify the identification standard of the crime of counterfeiting registered trademarks from " identical article"," identical trademark"," use "and "seriousness" etc.

  11. An Analysis on E-C Translation of Trademarks from Perspective of Adaption Theory%浅析顺应论视角下英语商标的汉译

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘俊汝

    2015-01-01

    In the study of trademark translation, most concerning researches are limited to the generalization and classification methods of translation skills, they only involve the surface meaning of the trademarks, and ignore rich cultural connotations, as well as lack a systematic and theoretical guidance. The article uses the Adaptation Theory proposed by Verschueren to analyze the pro-cess of translating English trademarks into Chinese.%在研究商标翻译时,大部分研究只限于有关泛化和分类方法的翻译技巧,仅涉及了商标的表层含义,忽略了它们丰富的文化内涵,并且缺乏系统的理论指导.该文用维索尔伦提出的顺应论来分析英语商标的汉译过程.在英语商标的汉译中,译者应该顺应产品的特点,中国与西方国家的文化差异,中国消费者的心理需求和认知,以及汉语的语言系统.

  12. Commercial-scale demonstration of the Liquid Phase Methanol (LPMEOH{trademark}) process. Technical progress report number 5, July 1--September 30, 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-31

    The project involves the construction of an 80,000 gallons per day (260 TPD) methanol unit utilizing coal-derived synthesis gas from Eastman`s integrated coal gasification facility. The new equipment consists of synthesis gas feed preparation and compression facilities, the liquid phase reactor and auxiliaries, product distillation facilities, and utilities. The technology to be demonstrated is the product of a cooperative development effort by Air Products and DOE in a program that started in 1981. Developed to enhance electric power generation using integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) technology, the LPMEOH{trademark} process is ideally suited for directly processing gases produced by modern-day coal gasifiers. Originally tested at a small, DOE-owned experimental unit in LaPorte, Texas, the technology provides several improvements essential for the economic coproduction of methanol and electricity directly from gasified coal. This liquid phase process suspends fine catalyst particles in an inert liquid, forming a slurry. The slurry dissipates the heat of the chemical reaction away from the catalyst surface, protecting the catalyst and allowing the methanol synthesis reaction to proceed at higher rates.

  13. Trademark retrieval algorithm based on SIFT feature and corner feature%基于SIFT和角点特征的商标检索算法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王三虎; 姚望舒; 凌兴宏

    2011-01-01

    针对基于尺度不变特征变换(SIFT)的商标图像检索对于高度相似的反转商标图像容易出现漏检现象,提出了一种基于SIFT和角点特征的商标图像检索方法,该方法利用商标图像的局部角点特征弥补了SIFT特征的不足.实验结果表明,与现有方法相比,该方法保留了SIFT特征对遮挡、扭曲、噪声等干扰具有很强的抵抗力的优点外,同时增强了算法对图像形状的描述能力,表现出了更好的检索能力和性能.%The Scale-Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) algorithm for trademark retrieval may fail to detect some reversal and highly similar images. To solve this problem, a new algorithm based on SIFT descriptor and corner feature was proposed. This method used corner feature to make up for the lack of SIFT. The experimental results show that this method not only contains the character of SIFT descriptor like robustness against noise, but also improves the ability for description of image shape, so the method shows a better retrieval performance than other methods.

  14. Metaverse Utilization in the EFL Classroom - A Study. Second Life (Register Trademark) as Part of an Institution's Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imaoka, Yukimi; Amaki, Yuki; Yagi, Kenji; Fuller, Chris; Madden, Anthony

    2012-01-01

    Starting on April 2010, the Kanda Institute of Foreign Languages integrated the Metaverse application known as Second Life into the core curriculum for 840 new enrollments. As of April 2011, we enrolled an additional 760 students. This course, the Hybrid English Learning Program, is commonly referred to by the acronym: HELP. By taking the advantages of learning in immersive 3D environments, we aim to meet two objectives, 1) namely to enable students to remember and properly use learned phrases and expressions, and 2) using Second Life(R) as a tool to enhance the meaning and practicality of what is being learned. ,Although there have been several online English learning programs or services here in Japan, this endeavor represents the first time Metaverse technology has been utilized as part of a core curriculum; a curriculum structured upon classroom learning and interaction within the Metaverse. This paper endeavors to explain the following: the planning and development of HELP, the class structure, and the results of a questionnaire which measured whether using such an approach would reduce student timidity and assist student to gain more confidence in speaking English in different social environments.

  15. Development of HUMASORB{trademark}, a lignite derived humic acid for removal of metals and organic contaminants from groundwater

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanjay, H.G.; Srivastave, K.C.; Walia, D.S. [ARCTECH, Inc., Chantilly, VA (United States)

    1995-10-01

    Heavy metal and organic contamination of surface and groundwater systems is a major environmental concern. The contamination is primarily due to improperly disposed industrial wastes. The presence of toxic heavy metal ions, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and pesticides in water is of great concern and could affect the safety of drinking water. Decontamination of surface and groundwater can be achieved using a broad spectrum of treatment options such as precipitation, ion-exchange, microbial digestion, membrane separation, activated carbon adsorption, etc. The state of the art technologies for treatment of contaminated water however, can in one pass remediate only one class of contaminants, i.e., either VOCs (activated carbon) or heavy metals (ion exchange). This would require the use of at a minimum, two different stepwise processes to remediate a site. The groundwater contamination at different Department of Energy (DOE) sites (e.g., Hanford) is due to the presence of both VOCs and heavy metals. The two-step approach increases the cost of remediation. To overcome the sequential treatment of contaminated streams to remove both organics and metals, a novel material having properties to remove both classes of contaminants in one step is being developed as part of this project.The objective of this project is to develop a lignite-derived adsorbent, Humasorb{sup TM} to remove heavy metals and organics from ground water and surface water streams.

  16. Commercial-scale demonstration of the Liquid Phase Methanol (LPMEOH{trademark}) process. Technical progress report number 6, October 1--December 31, 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-31

    The project involves the construction of an 80,000 gallons per day (260 TPD) methanol unit utilizing coal-derived synthesis gas from Eastman`s integrated coal gasification facility. The new equipment consists of synthesis gas feed preparation and compression facilities, the liquid phase reactor and auxiliaries, product distillation facilities, and utilities. The technology to be demonstrated is the product of a cooperative development effort by Air Products and DOE in a program that started in 1981. Developed to enhance electric power generation using integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) technology, the LPMEOH{trademark} process is ideally suited for directly processing gases produced by modern-day coal gasifiers. This liquid phase process suspends fine catalyst particles in an inert liquid, forming a slurry. The slurry dissipates the heat of the chemical reaction away from the catalyst surface protecting the catalyst and allowing the methanol synthesis reaction to proceed at higher rates. At the Eastman complex, the technology will be integrated with existing coal-gasifiers. A carefully developed test plan will allow operations at Eastman to simulate electricity demand load-following in coal-based IGCC facilities. The operations will also demonstrate the enhanced stability and heat dissipation of the conversion process, its reliable on/off operation, and its ability to produce methanol as a clean liquid fuel without additional upgrading. An off-site product testing program will be conducted to demonstrate the suitability of the methanol product as a transportation fuel and as a fuel for stationary applications for small modular electric power generators for distributed power.

  17. PVMaT improvements in the manufacturing of the PVI Powergrid{trademark}: Final technical report, 27 October 1997--31 October 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaminar, N.R.; Alexander, T.; Amaya, J.; Bottenberg, W.R.; Carrie, P.; Chen, K.; Hobden, P.; Lawyer, G.; Zimmermann, J.; Sherring, C.

    1999-10-20

    Photovoltaics International, LLC (PVI), is improving the manufacturing of the Powergrid{trademark} under the Photovoltaic Manufacturing Technology (PVMaT) program in five basic areas: development of an advanced, state-of-the-art lens extrusion system; development of an advanced, state-of-the-art module side extrusion system; development of a second generation automated receiver assembly station; development of low-cost roll-formed steel panel frame members; and development of an automated module assembly process with low usage of volatile organic compounds and hazardous materials. The results of the program were as follows: (1) Manufacturing improvements have led to dramatic improvements in performance, quality, durability and cost. (2) The first ever ethylene vinyl acetate encapsulation system for photovoltaic concentrators was developed, thereby eliminating volatile organic compounds and hazardous materials in the encapsulation process. (3) An in-house extrusion system was developed that produces the highest quality cell assemblies at low labor cost. (4) An advanced automated cell assembly station was developed that produces quality cell assemblies at low labor cost. (5) Solvents have been eliminated in the module assembly eliminating volatile organic compounds and hazardous materials. (6) Roll formed steel panel frame members have been introduced to production that have dramatically reduced cost. (7) A snap-together module assembly has been developed that provides low-cost field assembly of components and thereby also greatly reduced shipping cost. The Powergrid has the potential to be very low cost in the short term. The PVI PVMaT program should allow PVI to reach the cost goals set by the company. This, in turn, will allow PVI to become a substantial player in the PV market and will allow the DOE goals of increased application of PV to become a reality.

  18. Application specific Tester-On-a-Resident-Chip (TORCH{trademark}) - innovation in the area of semiconductor testing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bowles, M. [L& M Technologies, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Peterson, T. [New Mexico Highlands Univ., Las Vegas, NM (United States); Savignon, D.; Campbell, D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1997-12-01

    Manufacturers widely recognize testing as a major factor in the cost, producability, and delivery of product in the $100 billion integrated circuit business: {open_quotes}The rapid development of VLSI using sub-micron CMOS technology has suddenly exposed traditional test techniques as a major cost factor that could restrict the development of VLSI devices exceeding 512 pins an operating frequencies above 200 MHz.{close_quotes} -- 1994 Semiconductor Industry Association Roadmap, Design and Test, Summary, pg. 43. This problem increases dramatically for stockpile electronics, where small production quantities make it difficult to amortize the cost of increasingly expensive testers. Application of multiple ICs in Multi-Chip Modules (MCM) greatly multiplies testing problems for commercial and defense users alike. By traditional test methods, each new design requires custom test hardware and software and often dedicated testing equipment costing millions of dollars. Also, physical properties of traditional test systems often dedicated testing equipment costing millions of dollars. Also, physical properties of traditional test systems limit capabilities in testing at-speed (>200 MHz), high-impedance, and high-accuracy analog signals. This project proposed a revolutionary approach to these problems: replace the multi-million dollar external test system with an inexpensive test system integrated onto the product wafer. Such a methodology enables testing functions otherwise unachievable by conventional means, particularly in the areas of high-frequency, at-speed testing, high impedance analog circuits, and known good die assessment. The techniques apply specifically to low volume applications, typical of Defense Programs, where testing costs represent an unusually high proportional of product costs, not easily amortized.

  19. An Evaluation of the NIDS (registered trademark) ACE (trademark) Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-30

    70 kg person, 15 L/day) d OP – Organophosphate Table 2: Interference Chemicals Test Chemicals Concentration (mg/L) Chlorine (total residual... chlorine ) 10 Chloramines 10 Geosmin 0.0001 Methyl-isoborneol (MIB) 0.0001 Humic / Fulvic Acids (50%/50%) 5 (2.5/2.5) Blank – Hard Water 250...of 1) Yes, 52 mg/L Yes 25 mg/L (3 of 3) Cyanide (sodium) 14 Yes (1 of 3) ND Yes, 3.5 mg/L ND Ethylene glycol 3157 ND ND ND --- h Fenamiphos 0.56

  20. Analysis of the Conflicts between Sound Trademark Right and Music Work Copyright:speaking from Protectable Subject stipulated in 15(1) of TRIPS%声音商标权和音乐作品著作权冲突探析--从TRIPS第15条第1款“可保护的客体”规定说起

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱文娟

    2014-01-01

    从TRIPS协议第15条第1款“可保护的客体”之规定起,国际社会对于知识产权法律体系逐步细化,声音商标跃入人们的视野。声音商标的出现,不仅为声音商标权人带来了新的利润,也带来了新的利益纠纷。对于声音商标权与音乐作品著作权的冲突,虽有充分保护在先权利模式与多种知识产权的兼容模式珠玉在前,但在我国新出台的《商标法》将声音商标列入保护客体后,我国仍应积极思考如何应对二者冲突,并为日后定纷止争作好未雨绸缪的准备。%Ever since protectable subject was stipulated in 15 (1) of the TRIPS, the international community has gradually refined intellectual property legal system, and sound trademarks have leaped into people's view. The emergence of sound trademarks not only brings new profits to sound trademark owner, but also triggers new interest disputes. Although there are fully protected prior right mode which is compatible with a variety of intellectual property right to settle the conflicts between sound trademark right and music work copyright, especially after the sound trademark is included in China's newly issued Trademark Law, we should ponder upon how to address the conflicts so as to take precautions against possible deputes in the future.

  1. The Study of System of Assignment and Licensing of Registered Trademark by Comparision between Intellectual Property and Real Right%我国注册商标转让与使用许可制度研究--以知识产权与物权之比较为切入点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵析蔓

    2016-01-01

    The focus of registered trademark disputes is the relationship between reason of assignment contracts and approval process with result of trademark transferring .Based on principles and rules in real right in civil law we can draw a conclusion that assignment contracts produce effect of obligation and approval process produces the result of trademark transferring .Confirmation the standard of approval , cancellation regulation that series of trademark must be transferred together and distribution obligation of putting licensing of registered trademark on records to licensee , we can establish more perfect system of assignment and licensing of registered trademark .%注册商标转让纠纷的焦点集中于转让合同、核准公告与商标移转的关系等问题上。本文引入民法中的物权,对商标转让和使用许可制度进行分析,得出转让合同产生债权效力,核准公告产生商标移转效果之结论,并提出通过明确核准申请所依据的标准,取消强制系列商标同时转让的规定,将备案使用许可义务归由被许可人承担等措施,完善和健全商标转让和使用许可制度。

  2. A Probe to Internet Key Words Search and Online Advertising Trademark Infringement From the Perspective of American Judicial Practice%互联网关键词检索和网络广告商标侵权探微——以美国司法实践为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡晓东

    2012-01-01

    The magnitude of the impact of search engine marketing on trademark law has started contested issues involving infringement of search engine company~s using key words to search advertising trade- marks. Advertisers buy words or phrases including trademarks from search engine companies for the users to search and sometimes bounces out the ads of their own products and services, which causes the protec- tion of trademark rights and the trade mark infringement of search engine companies. Most American courts hold that buying trade-marks as key words search purpose in fact forms the use of commercial usage of the trademarks. And this was going on without the knowledge of the consumers. When the consumers search these key words trade marks, they will misunderstand it as authorized by the trademark owner or think that search results have vital interest relationships with the trademark owners. But till now, the courts haven~t judged this behavior as trademarks confusion.%互联网搜索引擎业务的发展对商标法产生了巨大的冲击,其中带来的一个热点问题就是搜索引擎公司涉嫌关键词检索广告商标侵权。广告发布者从搜索引擎商那里购买包括商标名称在内的词语供网络用户检索,并弹出自己产品或者服务的广告,这就引发了商标权的保护问题及搜索引擎商的商标侵权责任问题。大多数美国法院认为购买商标作为检索的关键词构成商标的商业使用,这种行为也是在消费者不知情的情况下进行的,消费者在网络上检索这些商标关键词时,有可能认为是获得了商标权人的授权或者是搜索的结果与商标权人有利害关系。尽管如此,美国法院迄今为止还没有判决此种行为构成商标混淆。

  3. 77 FR 10482 - Trademark Petitions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-22

    ... before April 23, 2012. ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by any of the following methods: Email... certification marks. Individuals and businesses that use or intend to use such marks in commerce may file an... inquiry letters, petitions to make special, requests to restore a filing date, and requests...

  4. An Integer Programming Approach to Solving Tantrix on Fixed Boards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yushi Uno

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Tantrix (Tantrix R ⃝ is a registered trademark of Colour of Strategy Ltd. in New Zealand, and of TANTRIX JAPAN in Japan, respectively, under the license of M. McManaway, the inventor. is a puzzle to make a loop by connecting lines drawn on hexagonal tiles, and the objective of this research is to solve it by a computer. For this purpose, we first give a problem setting of solving Tantrix as making a loop on a given fixed board. We then formulate it as an integer program by describing the rules of Tantrix as its constraints, and solve it by a mathematical programming solver to have a solution. As a result, we establish a formulation that can solve Tantrix of moderate size, and even when the solutions are invalid only by elementary constraints, we achieved it by introducing additional constraints and re-solve it. By this approach we succeeded to solve Tantrix of size up to 60.

  5. Origen y evolución de las patentes y marcas en biomecánica deportiva. (Origin and evolution of patents and trademarks in sports biomechanics.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José L. González-Montesinos

    2012-10-01

    and analysis of data related to the movement and its causes. The Spanish Patent and Trademark Office (O.E.P.M. is the agency responsible for registering and patenting inventions in Spain. This patent submitted must meet requirements and pass a technical examination. Today we can find various patents for kinematic and kinetic analysis of the movement, formed by laser transmitters and receivers, high speed cameras or pressure sensors. Most research related to sports biomechanics using these devices for more accurate data, improve the quality of the research and therefore the physical performance. The purpose of this review article is to show the evolution of biomechanics in general and sports in particular, a number of patents registered in the O.E.P.M. and an explanation of how and where to register inventions. We have used the digital platform Esp@cenet, Invesnes for the revision of spanish patents origin and Google Patent for patents registered offices outside Spain.

  6. Global approaches to regulating electronic cigarettes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Ryan David; Awopegba, Ayodeji; De León, Elaine; Cohen, Joanna E

    2017-07-01

    Classify and describe the policy approaches used by countries to regulate e-cigarettes. National policies regulating e-cigarettes were identified by (1) conducting web searches on Ministry of Health websites, and (2) broad web searches. The mechanisms used to regulate e-cigarettes were classified as new/amended laws, or existing laws. The policy domains identified include restrictions or prohibitions on product: sale, manufacturing, importation, distribution, use, product design including e-liquid ingredients, advertising/promotion/sponsorship, trademarks, and regulation requiring: taxation, health warning labels and child-safety standards. The classification of the policy was reviewed by a country expert. The search identified 68 countries that regulate e-cigarettes: 22 countries regulate e-cigarettes using existing regulations; 25 countries enacted new policies to regulate e-cigarettes; 7 countries made amendments to existing legislation; 14 countries use a combination of new/amended and existing regulation. Common policies include a minimum-age-of-purchase, indoor-use (vape-free public places) bans and marketing restrictions. Few countries are applying a tax to e-cigarettes. A range of regulatory approaches are being applied to e-cigarettes globally; many countries regulate e-cigarettes using legislation not written for e-cigarettes. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  7. 《反假冒贸易协定》对我国企业商标的影响及对策研究%The Research of Influence and Measures on Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement to the Enterprise Trademark of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭振

    2012-01-01

    2011年,由欧、美、日等知识产权强权国家发起的《反假冒贸易协定》(AC-TA)生效,其矛头直指中国。ACTA的生效对中国的商标制度及涉及商标的进出口贸易都会产生巨大影响,中国在国际商标保护方面将面临更大的压力。研究ACTA对我国企业商标制度的影响并分析应对之策,意义重大。%In 2011,the Europe,the U.S.,Japan and other intellectual property rights great-power launched the anti-counterfeiting trade agreement(ACTA) take effect.The spear points to China.The effective of ACTA to China’s trademark system and involves the import and export of trademark will have great influence.China in international trademark protection will face more pressure.ACTA research to our country enterprise trademark system and the influence of the analysis of policy measures,is of great significance.

  8. A Genetic-Algorithms-Based Approach for Programming Linear and Quadratic Optimization Problems with Uncertainty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weihua Jin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a genetic-algorithms-based approach as an all-purpose problem-solving method for operation programming problems under uncertainty. The proposed method was applied for management of a municipal solid waste treatment system. Compared to the traditional interactive binary analysis, this approach has fewer limitations and is able to reduce the complexity in solving the inexact linear programming problems and inexact quadratic programming problems. The implementation of this approach was performed using the Genetic Algorithm Solver of MATLAB (trademark of MathWorks. The paper explains the genetic-algorithms-based method and presents details on the computation procedures for each type of inexact operation programming problems. A comparison of the results generated by the proposed method based on genetic algorithms with those produced by the traditional interactive binary analysis method is also presented.

  9. On the Treatment of Trademark License Contract in the Bankruptcy Procedure: Administrator as the Main Angle of View%论破产程序中商标使用许可合同的处理——以管理人为主要视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王华

    2012-01-01

    商标使用许可合同往往存在一定的风险,尤其是当许可使用合同的一方当事人面临破产时,将导致许可合同的法律效力不稳定,影响合同的履行。破产程序中商标使用许可合同的处理是否得当,不仅关乎破产程序能否顺利进行,而且关乎商标使用许可合同双方当事人的权益保护。必须充分考虑商标作为知识产权的特殊性。强调对管理人选择权的限制,在破产法相关规定的基础之上作出合理的变通,既注重各方当事人的利益平衡.又注重商标知识产权价值的发现与保持。%There is a certain risk in the trademark license, especially when a party of the contract is facing bankruptcy, which will cause legal effect of the license contract instable. Whether the treatment of a trademark license contract is proper in the process of bankruptcy, not only concerns the bankrupt procedure to proceed smoothly, but also concerns the protection of the parties' rights of the trademark license contract. We must consider the particularity of the trademark as the intellectual property, emphasize the limit on the administrator's right of choice on the basis of making reasonable accommodation in bankruptcy law, paying attention to the balance of interests of the parties, and discovering and maintain the value of trademarks as the intellectual property.

  10. A Structure Analysis of the Global Intellectual Property Rights Network based on Patent Data and Trademark Data%全球知识产权网络的结构分析:基于专利和商标

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜昱; 陈烨

    2013-01-01

    Intellectual property network structure can reflect the distribution and exchange activities of global intellectual property which has great guiding effect on national innovative capacity.This paper adopts the social network analysis which combines patent and trademark application data between 2000-2010 to analyze the network structure.The result showed that the intellectual property networks structure is relatively dispersive.The developed countries have higher out-degree and occupy absolute advantage while the developing countries have higher in-degree.The intellectual property networks have stable core-periphery structure.The status and control of China in patent and trademark application is gradually enhanced.%本文利用社会网络分析方法对2000-2010年全球专利申请网络和商标申请网络进行结构分析,研究结果表明:全球专利申请和商标申请的网络密度较小,网络结构较为分散;发达国家具有较高的出度,而发展中国家具有较高的入度,发达国家在专利、商标申请中占据绝对优势;知识产权网络存在稳定的核心—边缘结构,中国在全球的专利和商标申请地位和控制力逐渐增强.

  11. Alternative Dispute Resolution to Solve the Conflict between Trademark and Domain Name%论商标和域名权利冲突的非诉讼纠纷解决模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙那

    2013-01-01

    商标与域名的冲突问题随着互联网的不断发展而日渐凸显。一方面,在经济利益的驱动下,权利人希望通过他人在先建立起来的商誉为自己谋取经济利益,另一方面,商标与域名不同的注册登记体系也导致了两种权利可能发生冲突。在解决两种权利冲突的问题上,除了传统的诉讼解决方式之外,我们要积极寻求非诉讼模式来解决此类纠纷,以便分流案件,从而更加高效地解决此类纠纷。这对于当事人利益的维护和司法资源的节约都是有益的探索和尝试。%With the development of the Internet , the conflict between trade-mark and domain name become increasingly prominent .On one hand driven by eco-nomic interests , the righter hope that the goodwill built up by others can reap eco-nomic benefits for themselves; on the other hand , trademark and domain name have different registration system whichleads to the conflict .To solve the conflict between the two rights , besides to the traditional litigation solution , we should ac- tively seek non-litigation mode to resolve such disputes in order to divert cases . This is beneficial for the maintenance of the interests of the righter or relevant par -ties and saving judicial resources .

  12. Optimization of significant insolation distribution parameters - A new approach towards BIPV system design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paul, D. [SSBB and Senior Member-ASQ, Kolkata (India); Mandal, S.N. [Kalyani Govt Engg College, Kalyani (India); Mukherjee, D.; Bhadra Chaudhuri, S.R. [Dept of E. and T. C. Engg, B.E.S.U., Shibpur (India)

    2010-10-15

    System efficiency and payback time are yet to attain a commercially viable level for solar photovoltaic energy projects. Despite huge development in prediction of solar radiation data, there is a gap in extraction of pertinent information from such data. Hence the available data cannot be effectively utilized for engineering application. This is acting as a barrier for the emerging technology. For making accurate engineering and financial calculations regarding any solar energy project, it is crucial to identify and optimize the most significant statistic(s) representing insolation availability by the Photovoltaic setup at the installation site. Quality Function Deployment (QFD) technique has been applied for identifying the statistic(s), which are of high significance from a project designer's point of view. A MATLAB trademark program has been used to build the annual frequency distribution of hourly insolation over any module plane at a given location. Descriptive statistical analysis of such distributions is done through MINITAB trademark. For Building Integrated Photo Voltaic (BIPV) installation, similar statistical analysis has been carried out for the composite frequency distribution, which is formed by weighted summation of insolation distributions for different module planes used in the installation. Vital most influential statistic(s) of the composite distribution have been optimized through Artificial Neural Network computation. This approach is expected to open up a new horizon in BIPV system design. (author)

  13. Alternative approach for fire suppression of class A, B and C fires in gloveboxes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosenberger, Mark S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tsiagkouris, James A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-02-10

    Department of Energy (DOE) Orders and National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Codes and Standards require fire suppression in gloveboxes. Several potential solutions have been and are currently being considered at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The objective is to provide reliable, minimally invasive, and seismically robust fire suppression capable of extinguishing Class A, B, and C fires; achieve compliance with DOE and NFPA requirements; and provide value-added improvements to fire safety in gloveboxes. This report provides a brief summary of current approaches and also documents the successful fire tests conducted to prove that one approach, specifically Fire Foe{trademark} tubes, is capable of achieving the requirement to provide reliable fire protection in gloveboxes in a cost-effective manner.

  14. 公平与效率何以兼顾——美国《兰哈姆法》商标权取得制度对中国的启示%How to Balance Fairness and Efficiency ---U.S. Lanham Act Trademark Acquisition System Implications to China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏喆; 秦顺华

    2012-01-01

    我国《商标法》较多地借鉴了大陆法系商标法,并且具有浓厚的商标行政管理法特色,在商标权取得制度上偏重于商标注册和管理的效率性,较少体现公平,客观上使得商标抢注成风、不公平竞争泛滥、垃圾商标成灾,最终导致了效率的丧失。美国《兰哈姆法》坚持公平优先,兼顾效率,使两者有机结合、相辅相成,其商标权取得制度建立在使用主义的基础上,并科学地引入了在先申请主义的内容,使其制度设计不断优化,为我国商标法的修改和完善提供了可资借鉴的范本。%Our Trademark Law is based on the continental legal system and characteristics the administrative management law that in the terms of the trademark right obtaining system, it has a bias towards the efficiency of trademark registration and administration and embodies but pay less attention in the equity resulting in preemptive registration, unfair competition and waste trademarks, which lead to low efficiency. The Lanham Act of USA insists on equal priority and efficiency consideration. By combining the two aspects they can complement each other. The trademark right obtaining system of Lanham Act scientifically introduces the principle of prior application on the basis of the principle of prior use, and it is optimized over time. Therefore, the Lanham Act has set a good example to the Trademark Law of our country on amending and improving.

  15. Use of G-CSF (Neupogen {sup cirledR}) in combined modalities treatment in radiotherapy; Einsatz von G-CSF (Neupogen {sup trademark}) bei multimodalen Therapiekonzepten in der Strahlentherapie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bartzsch, O.; Molls, M. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Strahlentherapie und Radiologische Onkologie der TU Muenchen (Germany); Riepl, M.; Sauer, R. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Strahlentherapie der Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg (Germany); Busch, M.; Duehmke, E. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Strahlentherapie und Radioonkologie der LMU Muenchen (Germany); Michael, G.; Gademann, G. [Klinik fuer Strahlentherapie der Universitaet Magdeburg (Germany); Allgaeuer, M. [Abteilung fuer Strahlentherapie des Krankenhauses Barmherzige Brueder Regensburg (Germany); Voss, A.-C. [Strahlenklinik des Zentralklinikums Augsburg (Germany)

    1998-11-01

    Background: Therapy-induced leucopenias with corresponding consequences repeatedly occur in radiotherapy using combined modalities treatment. In radiotherapy, where G-CSF (granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor) is not licensed, G-CSF has been used successfully under individual circumstances. These results were confirmed in several studies with small patient groups. The aim of this study was to check former results in a larger patient group, to verify postulated side effects and specially to define a cost-effective schedule in the treatment with G-CSF (Neupogen {sup trademark}). Patients and methods: In this surveillance trial 50, partially previously treated patients with different malignant tumors were treated with G-CSF. According to the probability of a leucocytosis lower than 1000/mm{sup 3}, G-CSF (Neupogen {sup trademark}) was already given at leucocyte values lower than 2500/mm{sup 3} (500/mm{sup 3} bis 2450/mm{sup 3}). It was administered subcutaneously, every other day, based on body weight until reaching normal leucocyte levels. Results: In 92% of the patients the increase of leucocytes occurred in the first 24 hours. On average G-CSF was given 4.9 times per patient. Patients without prior therapies or less complex therapies needed less G-CSF applications (3.5 to 5.8 applications). Due to individually varying leucocyte courses the G-CSF therapy was started with leucocyte values between 500/mm{sup 3} and 2450/mm{sup 3}. Patients who were treated with up to 3 G-CSF applications had higher leucocyte levels than those with 4 or more applications (1620/mm{sup 3} to 1250/mm{sup 3}). Leucopenia related infections, therapy interruptions or break-offs did not occur. Besides light `flu like` symptoms in 14% of the patients, no side effects were observed. Conclusions: When a decrease of leucocyte values lower than 1000/mm{sup 3} is expected, the most cost-effective treatment is given when starting the interventional G-CSF administration already at leucocyte values

  16. Improvement Disign of Trademark's Glue Device in GDX2 Packaging Machine%GDX2包装机商标纸上胶装置的改进设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    商超

    2013-01-01

    为解决GDX2包装机上胶装置引起小盒商标纸折叠不良、维修耗时长等问题,结合GDX2包装机上胶装置的涂胶原理,对缺陷问题进行了深入地分析,对问题的成因进行了详尽地剖析,对上胶压轮、上胶压轮轴等进行了针对性地改进设计,并将整体式上胶压轮改造成3个独立的上胶压轮。通过对上胶装置的技术改进,提高了商标纸的上胶均匀性,解决了GDX2包装机商标纸因上胶不良而引起的商标纸折叠不良的一系列质量问题,节省了维修时间和维护费用,达到了提高设备的有效作业率及产品质量的目的。%In order to solve problems such as trademark-folding problems , time-consuming repair problem caused by the glue device of GDX 2 packing machine , some pertinent improvements are done on the glue roll-er, rubber pressure wheel etc ., and the integral gluing pressure wheel is reformed into three separate gluing pressure wheel after analyzing the principle of glue device of GDX 2 packing machine and the causes of the problems .The improved technology of the GDX 2 packing machine makes the homogeneity of trademark gluing obviously improved ,and a series of quality problems solved which is caused by the inhomogeneity of the trade -mark gluing .In this way , repairing time and maintenance costs is saved also equipment efficiency&product quality is highly advanced at the same time .

  17. Analysis of the Hot Spring Culture Trademark with the Characteristics of Chaohu Lake%试析打造有巢湖特色的温泉文化品牌

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏明珠

    2011-01-01

    中国温泉文化历史源远流长,然而博大精深的温泉文化在巢湖市温泉旅游中没能得到很好的利用。巢湖市应通过发掘温泉文化遗迹,开展温泉动态的系统监测,充分利用温泉文化资源,形成差异化的温泉开发模式,打造中国"温泉之乡"的温泉文化品牌,促进温泉旅游的发展。%he history of hot spring culture in China is extensive and profound.However,this well established hot spring culture resource is less developed or utilized in the hot spring tourism in Chaohu,Anhui.The City of Chaohu is supposed to create her cultural trademark with the name of the land of hot spring in China for the development of hot spring tourism by excavating the relics of its hot spring culture,monitoring dynamically and systematically all the hot springs,making full use of the hot spring cultural resources,and establishing the diversified hot spring developemnt mode.

  18. 公平与效率结合的典范——《兰哈姆法》商标权取得制度管窥%The Model of Combining Equity with Efficiency ---On Glancing at the Acquisition System of Trademark Right of Lanham Act

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦顺华; 苏喆

    2012-01-01

    America is one of the few counties implementing the using principle on the acquisition system of trademark fight.However,the Lanham Act which America issues in 1946 introduces the registering principle on the basis of the using principle.Due to the defect of practical use in procedure for registration,the Lanham Act results in investment risk,differential treatment,disunity between theory and practice and so on.To make up the deficiency of practical use,America revises the Lanham Act in 1988 and adds intent to use to the procedure for registration.For our country,the registering principle of the Trademark Law is absolute and overly lacks the content of using principle,so it causes a lot of problems.Now this is the third times that the Trademark Law is amended,we should rebuild the acquisition system of trademark fight again,so as to achieve such a effect that the Trademark Law gives consideration to both equity and efficiency.%在商标权取得制度上,美国是实施使用原则的少数国家之一。1946年美国颁布的《兰哈姆法》在使用原则的基础上引入了注册原则内容。但由于《兰哈姆法》规定的"实际使用"注册程序存在不足,导致了商标投资风险、注册申请时内外有别以及理论和实践的不统一等一系列问题。对此,美国在1988年对《兰哈姆法》进行了修正,并在注册程序上增加了"意图使用"内容,从而弥补了"实际使用"的不足。对我国而言,《商标法》中实施的注册原则近乎绝对,过于缺乏使用原则的内容,因此,我国应重新构建商标权取得制度,以期达到公平与效率兼顾的效果。

  19. Using Commercial Practices in DoD Acquisition: A Page from Industry’s Playbook

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-01

    and implemented duction area: from the late-1970s to mid-1980s, were investi- -Isolated from vibrations of corridors and gated. They were efforts by...Beautyrest mattress ) of elettronic test and measurement equipment and -With overpressure atmosphere which, with communications systems. Corporate strategy

  20. Into the Cuckoo's Nest: "Silver Linings Playbook" and Movies about Odd People

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Bernard

    2013-01-01

    Odd people have always been identified and often treated differently in human societies. In modern times, they have been described as being afflicted with a psychological condition to be treated by specialists and assigned to a "crazy" category by general society. Movies about such odd people have a long history. A recent movie,…

  1. Playbook wNv Nuke内场进攻分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OGC

    2006-01-01

    今年wNv.gm在nuke保持的骄人战绩,主要源于他们在nuke上的惊人进攻表演,而其中最让人印象深刻的自然是wNv.gm恐怖的A点内场进攻,甚至有人称之为“无敌战术”。当然,没有CS战术可以达到无敌的境界,但这个称谓从侧面反映出wNv内场进攻的威力。战术的立足点始终是具体的人,所以在解析这个战术体系以前,我们先要分析一下wNv战术的几个关键点。

  2. The Academic Advisor's Playbook: Seeking Compliance from College Student-Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Jason; Gilchrist, Eletra

    2011-01-01

    We explored the effectiveness of compliance-gaining strategies on college student-athletes (N = 228) in three request situations (i.e., seeking a tutor, attending a weekly academic appointment, and faithfully attending class). The study revealed several key findings: a) Student-athletes perceive the compliance-gaining strategy of negative…

  3. PLAYBOOK 从实战看wNv.gm新阵

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    开局小胜这场比赛,双方的出场阵容相信不需要笔者多做介绍.而部分读者可能会感到陌生的Star.Ex.关于他们的资料也可以在我们《电子竞技》以往的国内战报中找到。在这场关系到谁能出现在意大利赛场的比赛里.wNv先抽到了局势不利的进攻方。在本次WCG中.wNv.gm出人意料地保持了较高的手枪局胜率.这与以往他们表现出的战术习惯简直判若两队.也算是意

  4. Summer of Champions. The Coach's Playbook. 1980 Alabama Summer Reading Program Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alabama Public Library Service, Montgomery.

    This handbook provides ideas and guidelines for the management and development of a children's summer reading program that uses the resources provided by the Alabama Public Library Service. Chapters offer suggestions in the areas of program planning, reading requirements and records, publicity, program activities, and program evaluation. Samples…

  5. Game Plan: Colleges Share a Page from Their Playbooks That Addresses the Looming Leadership Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boerner, Heather

    2015-01-01

    The graying of community college leadership is an issue across the country. More than half of all community college presidents expect to retire in five years, according to data from the American Association of Community Colleges (AACC). Succession planning is yet another opportunity for colleges already navigating a variety of reforms to innovate.…

  6. The Transfer Playbook: Essential Practices for Two- and Four-Year Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyner, Joshua; Deane, K. C.; Jenkins, Davis; Fink, John

    2016-01-01

    With their "open door" admissions policies and lower tuition, community colleges offer a gateway to higher education for millions of American students. Indeed, students who enter higher education through community colleges are much more likely than those who start at four-year institutions to be low-income or the first in their family to…

  7. Bioequivalence study of four different trademarks of enalapril maleate in spontaneously hypertensive rats Estudo da bioequivalência de quatro diferentes marcas comerciais de maleato de enalapril em ratos espontaneamente hipertensos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilo César do Vale Baracho

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: High blood pressure is a systemic disease which has major clinical and psycho-social repercussions, involves a high morbidity-mortality rate and generates high costs for the health system. Its treatment involves the use of antihypertensive drugs, which are commercialized as trademark, generic or similar drugs. PURPOSE: To verify the antihypertensive effect produced by a similar dose of different trademarks of enalapril maleate in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR. METHODS: Fifteen mg/kg of enalapril maleate were administered by gavage in 50 SHR rats and their blood pressure was verified through tail plethysmography every three days in a period of 16 days. RESULTS: The group treated with reference drug has shown a significant reduction on blood pressure levels when compared to the control group. Thus, treatments with enalapril maleate of generic, similar-A and similar-B brands have also shown significant reduction on animals' blood pressure. CONCLUSION: The use of generic drug and similars (A and B drugs in the same doses and for the same period of time has not shown significant difference regarding the reference drug, which suggests that the brands tested are bioequivalent.INTRODUÇÃO: A hipertensão arterial é uma doença sistêmica que traz grandes repercussões clínicas e psico-sociais, cursa com uma elevada morbi-mortalidade e gera elevados gastos para o sistema de saúde. Seu tratamento envolve a utilização de fármacos anti-hipertensivos, os quais são comercializados como remédios de marca, genéricos ou similares. PURPOSE: Verificar o efeito anti-hipertensivo produzido por dose igualitária de diferentes marcas de maleato de enalapril, em ratos naturalmente hipertensos. MÉTODOS: Foram administrados, por meio de gavagem, 15 mg/kg de maleato de enalapril em 50 ratos naturalmente hipertensos e verificada a pressão arterial, através de pletismografia de cauda, a cada três dias, em um período de 16 dias. RESULTADOS

  8. CalTOX (registered trademark), A multimedia total exposure model spreadsheet user's guide. Version 4.0(Beta)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McKone, T.E.; Enoch, K.G.

    2002-08-01

    CalTOX has been developed as a set of spreadsheet models and spreadsheet data sets to assist in assessing human exposures from continuous releases to multiple environmental media, i.e. air, soil, and water. It has also been used for waste classification and for setting soil clean-up levels at uncontrolled hazardous wastes sites. The modeling components of CalTOX include a multimedia transport and transformation model, multi-pathway exposure scenario models, and add-ins to quantify and evaluate uncertainty and variability. All parameter values used as inputs to CalTOX are distributions, described in terms of mean values and a coefficient of variation, rather than as point estimates or plausible upper values such as most other models employ. This probabilistic approach allows both sensitivity and uncertainty analyses to be directly incorporated into the model operation. This manual provides CalTOX users with a brief overview of the CalTOX spreadsheet model and provides instructions for using the spreadsheet to make deterministic and probabilistic calculations of source-dose-risk relationships.

  9. Silicon-Film{trademark} Solar Cells by a Flexible Manufacturing System: PVMaT Phase II Annual Report, 1 February 1999 - 31 January 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Culik, J.S.; Rand, J.A.; Bower, J.R.; Bisaillon, J.C.; Cummings, J.R.; Allison, K.W.; Goncharovsky, I.; Jonczyk, R.; Ressler, S.D.; Sims, P.E.; Hall, R.B.; Barnett, A.M. (AstroPower, Inc.; Newark, Delaware)

    2000-08-24

    AstroPower is developing a manufacturing process for Silicon-Film solar cell production under an NREL-administered Photovoltaic Manufacturing Technology (PVMaT) cost-share program. This document reports on results from the second phase of a three-phase effort. Progress is reported on the development of new procedures and equipment for in-line wet chemical processes, sheet fabrication, solar cell processing, and module assembly. Future concepts and goals for the Silicon-Film process are also discussed. A major technical goal of this effort is the elimination of batch production processes in AstroPower's solar cell process. New processes are being developed that can accommodate large-area Silicon-Film planks in an in-line, continuous manner. During Phase II of this program, an in-line chemical etching system for removing diffusion oxides was specified, procured, and installed. Operation of this system during Phase III of this program is expected to validate the in-line approach and will provide valuable information for use in the design of a second, and more challenging, in-line etch system. Significant progress was made during this reporting period in the development of new screenprinting ink formulations for both the front and back metallization of Silicon-Film solar cells. Cost reductions and efficiency improvements were achieved as a result of these efforts. Progress was made in the design of a new Silicon-Film plank machine, as well as in improved processes to fabricate this material into cost-effective and efficient solar cells. Additionally, a new large-area module concept was developed and prototyped during this phase of the PVMaT program.

  10. 关于完善我国地理标志法律保护的研究--以《商标法》第十条第二款为例%Research on Improving the Protection of Geographical Indications:Taking Article 10, Paragraph 2 of the“Trademark Act” as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯寿波

    2014-01-01

    In China's protection of geographical indications , there exist tendencies of copying the laws of the “new world” coun-tries such as USA , and partial understanding of the meanings and roles of relevant provisions of the TRIPS agreement .At the same time, China hasn't paid necessary attention to the latest advancement in the field of international intellectual property rights , e.g., the USA, France and other countries signed bilateral and regional agreements to realize their own interests concerning geo -graphical indications .There are some defects in the provisions of the trademark registration exceptions related to the trademarks of place names in China's trademark law , which is not conducive to the legal protection and cultivation of geographical indications below the county level .The understanding of “other meanings” is still ambiguous and the word of “goodwill” is not defined . There are conflicts in the use of place names as collective trademarks and the registered exceptions of certified trademarks .The future Geographical Indications Act should be based on national conditions and use the relevant legislative experience of India , France, etc.for reference.Until then, the relevant provisions of the trademark law should be modified .%我国地理标志法律保护中存在照搬美国等国家法律、片面理解TRIPS协议相关条款含义和作用的倾向,同时,我国也没有对美国、法国等国在TRIPS协议之外,通过签订双边协定、区域性协定方式来实现各自地理标志利益诉求这一国际知识产权领域最新发展趋势予以必要的关注。我国《商标法》中地名商标注册例外的规定存在诸多缺陷,不利于县级以下地名地理标志的法律保护和培育;“其他含义”内涵理解存在歧义;没有界定“善意”一词;地名作为集体商标、证明商标注册的例外存在弊端,“已注册地名商标继续使用的例外”没有能够较好解

  11. Narrative approaches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stelter, Reinhard

    2012-01-01

    as a narrative-collaborative practice, an approach that is based on phenomenology, social constructionism and narrative theory. Seeing narrative coaching as a collaborative practice also leads to reflecting on the relationship between coach and coachee(s) in a new way, where both parts contribute to the dialogue......Narrative coaching is representative of the new wave – or third generation – of coaching practice . The theory and practice of narrative coaching takes into account the social and cultural conditions of late modern society, and must be seen as intertwined with them. Some initial conceptualizations...... and coachee. The conceptual framework will be tested by presenting central results of a research project. The ideas discussed in this chapter expand upon earlier concepts of the narrative approach (mainly formulated by White in 2007) by integrating ideas from phenomenology and experiential approaches...

  12. Capability approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Rosendal; Kjeldsen, Christian Christrup

    Lærebogen er den første samlede danske præsentation af den af Amartya Sen og Martha Nussbaum udviklede Capability Approach. Bogen indeholder en præsentation og diskussion af Sen og Nussbaums teoretiske platform. I bogen indgår eksempler fra såvel uddannelse/uddannelsespolitik, pædagogik og omsorg....

  13. 77 FR 47528 - International Trademark Classification Changes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-09

    ... media;'' after ``discs;'' and to insert ``computer software;'' after ``computers.'' ``Automatic vending... on-line access to the rulemaking docket; (7) attempted to promote coordination, simplification, and... processing equipment, computers; computer software; fire-extinguishing apparatus. 10. Surgical, medical...

  14. Microfluidic Pumps Containing Teflon [Trademark] AF Diaphragms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willis, Peter; White, Victor; Grunthaner, Frank; Ikeda, Mike; Mathies, Richard A.

    2009-01-01

    Microfluidic pumps and valves based on pneumatically actuated diaphragms made of Teflon AF polymers are being developed for incorporation into laboratory-on-a-chip devices that must perform well over temperature ranges wider than those of prior diaphragm-based microfluidic pumps and valves. Other potential applications include implanted biomedical microfluidic devices, wherein the biocompatability of Teflon AF polymers would be highly advantageous. These pumps and valves have been demonstrated to function stably after cycling through temperatures from -125 to 120 C. These pumps and valves are intended to be successors to similar prior pumps and valves containing diaphragms made of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) [commonly known as silicone rubber]. The PDMS-containing valves ae designed to function stably only within the temperature range from 5 to 80 C. Undesirably, PDMS membranes are somwehat porous and retain water. PDMS is especially unsuitable for use at temperatures below 0 C because the formation of ice crystals increases porosity and introduces microshear.

  15. TNX GeoSiphon{trademark} Summary Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Phifer, M.A.

    2001-07-10

    This report provides a summary of the TNX GeoSiphon Program results. The D-Area hydraulic results are utilized in conjunction with the TNX hydraulic results to provide a more complete interpretation of GeoSiphon hydraulics.

  16. Should the National Museum Hold Trademark Shows?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The French luxury brand Louis Vuitton is unveiling its special summer exhibit Voyages.The exhibition will be held in the National Museum of China from May 31 toAugust 30 this year.The exhibition displays almost 200 exhibits designed throughout the brand’s 157 years’history,covering luggage and other items such as clothing.

  17. Industrial Partnership Prosperity Game{trademark}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boyak, K.; Berman, M.; Beck, D.

    1998-02-01

    Prosperity Games TM are an outgrowth and adaptation move/countermove and seminar War Games. Prosperity Games TM are simulations that explore complex issues in a variety of areas including economics, politics, sociology, environment, education, and research. These issues can be examined from a variety of perspectives ranging from a global, macroeconomic and geopolitical viewpoint down to the details of customer/supplier/market interactions in specific industries. All Prosperity Games TM are unique in that both the game format and the player contributions vary from game to game. This report documents the Industry Partnership Prosperity Game sponsored by the Technology Partnerships and Commercialization Center at Sandia National Laboratories. Players came from the Sandia line organizations, the Sandia business development and technology partnerships organizations, the US Department of Energy, academia, and industry The primary objectives of this game were to: explore ways to increase industry partnerships to meet long-term Sandia goals; improve Sandia business development and marketing strategies and tactics; improve the process by which Sandia develops long-term strategic alliances. The game actions and recommendations of these players provided valuable insights as to what Sandia can do to meet these objectives.

  18. Risk Metrics for Android (trademark) Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-01

    Security & Privacy 5(2):17–25. 6. Monika Choudhary, Pavol Zavarsky, and Dale Lindskog. 2016. “Experimental Analysis of Ransomware on Windows and...Bilge, and Engin Kirda. 2015. “Cutting the Gordian Knot: A Look under the Hood of Ransomware Attacks.” Proceedingsof EURCOM. International

  19. Experiences with Ada (Trademark) Code Generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-12-05

    and dynamic objects. In this case, the integer length, and the descriptors for the variables dyn arrl and dyn.arr2 are static objects. Descriptors are...v.o. of dyn.arrl 0 te I" virtual I,.- O__Ign _> dyn.arr2 descriptor3,n- arrl i-" offset 4 v.o. of dyn.arr.2 stack data for dyn arrl grows this way 4...11/780 Architecture Handbook , Digital Equipment Corporation, 1981. [Cor8l] J. R. Cortopassi, "RX, A RIGEL Interpreter", Master’s Thesis, Computer

  20. 78 FR 49260 - Trademark Public Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-13

    ... Code. The following additional information includes several, but not all, of the ethics rules that.... Administration policy discourages the appointment of federally registered lobbyists to agency advisory boards and... lobbyists appointed by agency or department heads, it sets forth the Administration's general policy...

  1. A new MCNP{trademark} test set

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brockhoff, R.C.; Hendricks, J.S.

    1994-09-01

    The MCNP test set is used to test the MCNP code after installation on various computer platforms. For MCNP4 and MCNP4A this test set included 25 test problems designed to test as many features of the MCNP code as possible. A new and better test set has been devised to increase coverage of the code from 85% to 97% with 28 problems. The new test set is as fast as and shorter than the MCNP4A test set. The authors describe the methodology for devising the new test set, the features that were not covered in the MCNP4A test set, and the changes in the MCNP4A test set that have been made for MCNP4B and its developmental versions. Finally, new bugs uncovered by the new test set and a compilation of all known MCNP4A bugs are presented.

  2. 37 CFR 2.6 - Trademark fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... business day of receipt and delivery to an Office Box or by electronic means (e.g., facsimile, electronic... registered mark, copy only. Service includes preparation of copies by the Office within two to three...

  3. Recent experience with the CQE{trademark}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harrison, C.D.; Kehoe, D.B.; O`Connor, D.C.; Stallard, G.S.

    1997-12-31

    CQE (the Coal Quality Expert) is a software tool that brings a new level of sophistication to fuel decisions by seamlessly integrating the system-wide effects of fuel purchase decisions on power plant performance, emissions, and power generation costs. The CQE technology, which addresses fuel quality from the coal mine to the busbar and the stack, is an integration and improvement of predecessor software tools including: EPRI`s Coal Quality Information System, EPRI`s Coal Cleaning Cost Model, EPRI`s Coal Quality Impact Model, and EPRI and DOE models to predict slagging and fouling. CQE can be used as a stand-alone workstation or as a network application for utilities, coal producers, and equipment manufacturers to perform detailed analyses of the impacts of coal quality, capital improvements, operational changes, and/or environmental compliance alternatives on power plant emissions, performance and production costs. It can be used as a comprehensive, precise and organized methodology for systematically evaluating all such impacts or it may be used in pieces with some default data to perform more strategic or comparative studies.

  4. MCNP{trademark} Software Quality Assurance plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abhold, H.M.; Hendricks, J.S.

    1996-04-01

    MCNP is a computer code that models the interaction of radiation with matter. MCNP is developed and maintained by the Transport Methods Group (XTM) of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). This plan describes the Software Quality Assurance (SQA) program applied to the code. The SQA program is consistent with the requirements of IEEE-730.1 and the guiding principles of ISO 900.

  5. Characterization of Reillex{trademark} HPQ Polymer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Walker, D.D.

    1998-12-17

    This work examined the thermal stability of Reillex(tm) HPQ resin as part of a comprehensive plan to qualify that material for use in HB-line. No low temperature exothermic reactions or volatile organic compounds occurred in various lots of as-received, chloride form Reillex(tm) HPQ polymer or the nitrate form polymer. The studies do not suggest any restrictions on purchase criteria for the resin nor any changes in planned use. Previously observed low temperature exotherms resulted from reaction of nitric acid with the aluminum sample holders used in the Differential Scanning Calorimetry analysis.

  6. O mundo de Ronald McDonald: sobre a marca publicitária e a socialidade midiática The world of Ronald McDonald: on the trademark and the mediatic sociality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isleide Arruda Fontenelle

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available O palhaço Ronald McDonald -- uma das imagens de marca da Corporação McDonald's -- é tomado como paradigma para pensarmos as relações entre mercado, mídia e entretenimento, as quais tem uma ligação direta com o que estamos conceituando como "socialidade midiática". Enquanto uma metáfora ideal de uma propaganda que parece não querer mais fazer sentido, a história do palhaço nos permite desvendar os sentidos contidos em duas das principais práticas do marketing moderno, a propaganda e a publicidade, revelando-nos como, entre o nonsense da propaganda contemporânea e uma publicidade que fundiu realidade e ilusão, há uma relação visceral entre mídia e publicidade, que estabelece uma nova forma de comunicação, na qual o sujeito torna-se apenas um meio para fins que ele sabe quais são, mas, paradoxalmente, age como se não soubesse. Tal paradoxo é revelador de uma forma de subjetividade profundamente marcada pela mídia enquanto agente socializador, na medida em que a atuação da mídia como mediador da socialidade contemporânea acabou por alterar o nosso universo perceptivo, saturando o nosso imaginário de uma forma radicalmente nova. Some-se a isso o fato de que a "socialidade midiática" implica uma nova forma de representação do sujeito no registro do "espetáculo", no sentido de que "estar na imagem é existir". Desnecessário dizer o quanto essas questões precisam ser contempladas pelos estudos contemporâneos sobre os processos de socialização e o quanto são desafiadoras para aqueles que atuam no universo da educação.The clown Ronald McDonald -- one of the trademarks of the McDonald's Corporation -- is taken as a paradigm to reflect upon the relations between market, media, and entertainment, which have a direct link with what we define as "mediatic sociality". As an ideal metaphor of an advertising that no longer seems to attempt to make sense, the story of the clown allows us to unveil the meanings contained

  7. Pedagogical approaches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund Larsen, Lea

    and their particular needs, which teachers must be aware of and deal with. Secondly, I propose a combination of adult learners’ characteristics with ‘teaching orientations’, as a basis for further research on teachers of adults’ professional development. Some of the competencies that teachers need can be taught...... in formal settings, but in most teaching settings, the teachers act alone and develop their pedagogical approaches/- teaching strategies with no synchronous sparring from a colleague. Adult learners have particular needs and characteristics that their teachers must be able to address (cf. Knowles......This paper is a part of an on-going qualitative empirical research project: “Teachers of adults as learners. A study on teachers’ experiences in practice”. Data is collected at a Danish Adult Education Centre. The aim of the study is to understand teachers’ learning experiences. The research...

  8. 网络市场商标权侵权问题研究--基于一个两期动态交易模型%Study on Trademark Right Infringement in Network Market---Based on a Two-stage Dynamic Trading Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩沈超; 吴雯

    2014-01-01

    构建一个两期动态交易模型,分析在销售与不销售商标权侵权商品的情形下,网络市场三方主体网商平台、消费者和卖家如何权衡效用最大化,并结合“1号店”案例深入研究网络市场商标权侵权问题。结论表明:当网商平台的监管力度、惩罚成本控制在一定范围内,有助于抑制侵权行为发生;商标的品牌价值越高,侵权发生的可能性也相应增加;卖家商业道德的提升对于侵权活动发生亦有抑制作用。据此,提出了如何构建和谐网络市场、开展诚信交易活动的政策建议。%A two-stage dynamic trading model is built in this paper, to analyze how the three sides of main bodies in network mar-ket environment -online business platforms, consumers and sellers maximize their utilities in two different scenarios ( whether to sell goods that infringes the trademark right or not). Besides, a case study concerned with“the 1st Shop” is also adopted to do some dee-per analyses about trademark right infringement in network market. The result reflects that:in network market, the online platform will contribute to restrain infringing activities by controlling regulations as well as penalty cost to a certain level;the higher the trademark of the brand value is, the more chances that infringing activities occur;the improvement of business morality also helps the decreasing of infringing activities. On the basis, the paper puts forward some policy suggestions which are concerned with how to build a harmonious network market and to do honest trading online.

  9. On the Legislation to Protect the Trademark in the Travel Intellectual Property——A Case of Hainan International Tourism Island%论旅游知识产权中商标权的立法保护——以海南国际旅游岛为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文杰

    2012-01-01

    旅游知识产权的保护因受其地域性等特点局限而一直被国内学界所忽视,但对于因旅游著名并~现已成为国际旅游岛的海南来说却有着举足轻重的意义,其中海南旅游商标权应该如何立法维护的问题更是早已引起了国内外各界的广泛关注。%Travel intellectual property rights has been neglected by domestic scholars for its regional characteristics, but Hainan is a famous tourist island and the international tourism island, so protection of intellectual property rights for its building has great significance. Especially, how to maintain travel trademark of Hainan has long attracted wide attention from home and abroad.

  10. TRIPs公約、NAFTA、我國「商標法」有關「仿品進口」邊境管制措施之比較研究 Border Measures Provisions of Counterfeiting: A Comparision Study of TRIPs, NAFTA and Taiwan Trademark Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    易建明 Jiann-Ming Yih

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available 仿品進口「邊境管制措施」為 TRIPs 協定(Agreement on Trade — Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights 簡稱TRIPs)第4 篇(第51 條至第60 條)所規範之範圍,另明文規範相關民事救濟。而我國2003 年「商標法」配合TRIPs 之修改等,主管機關已於2004 年9 月15 日訂定「海關查扣侵害商標權物品實施辦法」。本文就TRIPs、NAFTA、我國商標法有關「仿品」邊境管制措施之比較(區分為權利人的申請和海關依職權主動調查兩類),以作為我國未來與美國洽簽自由貿易協定是否採NAFTA 模式之參考。 (1有關「權利人的申請」邊境管制措施,我國若與美國洽簽自由貿易協定,若採NAFTA 模式,在「海關暫緩放行」的申請等,因大致相同,故無須修改我國「商標法」;至於有關「表面證據」以及表面證據之要件,係英美法之概念,在TRIPs、NAFTA「邊境管制措施」相關規定均強調「表面證據」;而我國2003 年「商標法」第65 條第2 項前段規定:「申請,應以書面為之,並釋明侵害之事實。」 (2另有關「海關依職權主動採取邊境管制措施」部分,我國2003 年「商標法」並未參照TRIPs 第58 條制定相關規範。由於TRIPs 第58 條並非強制性規範,我國未違反TRIPs 之規範。但TRIPs 與NAFTA 均明文規定「海關依職權主動採取邊境管制措施」,我國未來若與美國洽簽FTA 時,若採NAFTA 模式時應修改商標法,參照TRIPs 協定第58 條與NAFTA 第1718 條第11 項,增訂相關條文。 This Article tries to compare the regulations of border measures among TRIPs Agreement, NAFTA and Taiwan Trademark Law. The TRIPs Agreement distinguishes between infringement, for which civil judicial procedures and remedies must be available, and counterfeiting and piracy. In the case of counterfeiting, additional procedures and remedies, including border

  11. Researches in a sistemic approach of intangible assets accounting

    OpenAIRE

    Popesc, Eleodor

    2011-01-01

    Entities frequently spend resources or attire debts to purchase, develop, maintain or extend intangible resources like scientific or technical knowledge, design and implementation of new processes and systems, licenses, intellectual property, knowledge on market and brands (including trademarks and advertising titles). Commune samples of incorporated elements in these vast directions are software, patents, authors right, cinematography movies, consumer lists, rights concerning mortgage servic...

  12. Staying in the game: the 10-step approach to sustaining geriatrics education in hospitalists and subspecialty providers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillespie, Suzanne M; Brandt, Lynsey E; Chang, Anna; Chao, Serena H; Corcoran, Amy M; Miller, Rachel; Harper, G Michael; Levine, Sharon A; Medina-Walpole, Annette

    2014-08-01

    Geriatrics as a field has been fortunate to have the support of several philanthropic organizations to advance geriatrics education and training in the past two decades. Awardees of such grants were presented with unparalleled opportunities to develop new and innovative educational initiatives affecting learners at multiple levels and in multiple disciplines and specialties. The lessons learned from the Donald W. Reynolds Foundation initiatives about effect and sustainability are invaluable to the ongoing strategic development of geriatrics nationally. This article highlights successful educational initiatives developed at four institutions with past and current Donald W. Reynolds Foundation funding. Following an ice hockey playbook, this article identifies 10 strategies and initiatives to "stay in the geriatrics game" by training hospitalists and subspecialty providers. The authors' collective experience suggests that geriatrics educational initiatives can not only influence provider education, but also improve the care of older adults in multiple settings. © 2014, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2014, The American Geriatrics Society.

  13. Learning new lines. New 'playbook' advises hospitals how to win bigger reimbursement for medical procedures that use expensive advanced technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Mark

    2003-07-28

    If hospitals' tough negotiating tactics with managed care often seem to be taken from an instruction manual, then that perception would be correct. Profiting From Innovation is a research group's latest report to its hospital clients, telling them just how to get managed-care plans to pay for pricey medical technology.

  14. Fifty Educational Markets: A Playbook of State Laws and Regulations Governing Private Schools. School Choice Issues in Depth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammons, Christopher

    2008-01-01

    There is a widespread misperception that private schools avoid government oversight or are "unregulated." In fact, private schools are subject to a wide variety of laws and regulations that run the gamut from reasonable rules to ensure health and safety to unreasonable rules that interfere with school curricula, preventing schools from pursuing…

  15. Refrigeration Playbook: Natural Refrigerants; Selecting and Designing Energy-Efficient Commercial Refrigeration Systems That Use Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nelson, Caleb [CTA Architects Engineers, Boise, ID (United States); Reis, Chuck [CTA Architects Engineers, Boise, ID (United States); Nelson, Eric [CTA Architects Engineers, Boise, ID (United States); Armer, James [CTA Architects Engineers, Boise, ID (United States); Arthur, Rob [CTA Architects Engineers, Boise, ID (United States); Heath, Richard [CTA Architects Engineers, Boise, ID (United States); Rono, James [CTA Architects Engineers, Boise, ID (United States); Hirsch, Adam [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Doebber, Ian [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2015-03-01

    This report provides guidance for selecting and designing energy efficient commercial refrigeration systems using low global warming potential refrigerants. Refrigeration systems are generally the largest energy end use in a supermarket type building, often accounting for more than half of a building's energy consumption.

  16. Theoretical exploration into interests sharing in trademark licensing:Implications of and responses to the Wang-Laoji case%商标许可中利益分享理论探析--王老吉案之启示与回应

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳贤文; 曹新明

    2015-01-01

    商标许可有利于许可人利益最大化,也有利于被许可人借助他人品牌打开市场。利益分享虽然建立在利益平衡的基础之上,但与利益平衡又有所区别,利益分享不仅存在于双方合作的过程中,还延伸至合作结束之后的合理期限内,且不能损害消费者的合法利益。%Trademark licensing is conducive to maximize the interests of the licensor, and the licensee can use another brand to open markets. Although the benefit-sharing is established on the basis of the interests balancing, there are differences between benefit-sharing and the interests balancing. Benefit-sharing not only exits in the process of cooperation between both parties, but also extends to a reasonable period after expiry of cooperation and exerts no harm to the legitimate interests of consumers.

  17. Adaptive Sampling approach to environmental site characterization at Joliet Army Ammunition Plant: Phase 2 demonstration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bujewski, G.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Environmental Restoration Technologies Dept.; Johnson, R.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

    1996-04-01

    Adaptive sampling programs provide real opportunities to save considerable time and money when characterizing hazardous waste sites. This Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) project demonstrated two decision-support technologies, SitePlanner{trademark} and Plume{trademark}, that can facilitate the design and deployment of an adaptive sampling program. A demonstration took place at Joliet Army Ammunition Plant (JAAP), and was unique in that it was tightly coupled with ongoing Army characterization work at the facility, with close scrutiny by both state and federal regulators. The demonstration was conducted in partnership with the Army Environmental Center`s (AEC) Installation Restoration Program and AEC`s Technology Development Program. AEC supported researchers from Tufts University who demonstrated innovative field analytical techniques for the analysis of TNT and DNT. SitePlanner{trademark} is an object-oriented database specifically designed for site characterization that provides an effective way to compile, integrate, manage and display site characterization data as it is being generated. Plume{trademark} uses a combination of Bayesian analysis and geostatistics to provide technical staff with the ability to quantitatively merge soft and hard information for an estimate of the extent of contamination. Plume{trademark} provides an estimate of contamination extent, measures the uncertainty associated with the estimate, determines the value of additional sampling, and locates additional samples so that their value is maximized.

  18. Complementary Health Approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... on some complementary approaches, such as acupuncture and yoga, but there have been fewer studies on other approaches, so much less is known about them. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is sponsoring research to learn more about ...

  19. Airframe Noise Prediction of a Full Aircraft in Model and Full Scale Using a Lattice Boltzmann Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fares, Ehab; Duda, Benjamin; Khorrami, Mehdi R.

    2016-01-01

    Unsteady flow computations are presented for a Gulfstream aircraft model in landing configuration, i.e., flap deflected 39deg and main landing gear deployed. The simulations employ the lattice Boltzmann solver PowerFLOW(Trademark) to simultaneously capture the flow physics and acoustics in the near field. Sound propagation to the far field is obtained using a Ffowcs Williams and Hawkings acoustic analogy approach. Two geometry representations of the same aircraft are analyzed: an 18% scale, high-fidelity, semi-span model at wind tunnel Reynolds number and a full-scale, full-span model at half-flight Reynolds number. Previously published and newly generated model-scale results are presented; all full-scale data are disclosed here for the first time. Reynolds number and geometrical fidelity effects are carefully examined to discern aerodynamic and aeroacoustic trends with a special focus on the scaling of surface pressure fluctuations and farfield noise. An additional study of the effects of geometrical detail on farfield noise is also documented. The present investigation reveals that, overall, the model-scale and full-scale aeroacoustic results compare rather well. Nevertheless, the study also highlights that finer geometrical details that are typically not captured at model scales can have a non-negligible contribution to the farfield noise signature.

  20. Analyze Communications and Transport Translation Skills in Russian Trade-mark Brand Name from the Perspective of the Translator Cultural Outlook%从译者文化观的角度来分析俄语商标品牌名中通信及交通工具的翻译技巧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    努丽亚·阿布都热合曼

    2014-01-01

    Trademark and brand name merchandise plays in the modern information age pivotal role, along with the incre-asingly fierce business competition and the globalization of the world economy and international brands increasingly obvious characteristics. And the influx of foreign brands continues to the domestic market, a greater demand for translation. However, the beginning of the brand since its birth in the cultural invasion, hence the translator must be intellectuals on the true mean-ing. This paper will start with the concept of the brand, through a lot of examples, analysis of the impact of cultural differences on translation of the brand. Explore and summarize the Russian brand communication and transport translation skills, in order to supplement and enrich the study of Russian translation.%商标品牌名在现代商品信息时代中起着举足轻重的作用,随着商业竞争的日趋激烈化和世界经济的全球化,品牌的国际化特征日趋明显。而且国外品牌不断地涌入国内市场,对翻译的需求较大。但是,品牌自诞生开始就浸润在文化之中,因此翻译者必须是真正意上的文化人。本文将从品牌的概念入手,通过大量的实例,分析出文化差异对品牌翻译的影响。探讨并总结出俄语品牌中通信及交通工具的翻译技巧,以期对俄语翻译的研究加以补充和丰富。

  1. Evaluating six soft approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lene Sørensen

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper introduces and evaluates six soft approaches used in strategy development and planning. We take a planner’s perspective on discussing the concepts of strategy development and planning. This means that we see strategy development and planning as learning processes based on Ackoff’s interactive planning principles to be supported by soft approaches in carrying out the principles in action. These six soft approaches are suitable for supporting various steps of the strategy development and planning process. These are the SWOT analysis, the Future Workshop, the Scenario methodology, Strategic Option Development and Analysis, Strategic Choice Approach and Soft Systems Methodology. Evaluations of each methodology are carried out using a conceptual framework in which the organisation, the result, the process and the technology of the specific approach are taken into consideration. Using such a conceptual framework for evaluations of soft approaches increases the understanding of them, their transparency, and their usability in practice.

  2. The sustainable livelihoods approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oelofse, Myles; Jensen, Henning Høgh

    2008-01-01

    food chain has on producers and their families, an analysis was conducted of the use of the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA). The SLA provides a holistic and integrative approach which researchers can use as the overriding frame for their research. The application of the approach is recommended...... as it enables us to maintain important elements of the sustainability vision, yet emphasises that a number of assets influence farmers' livelihoods and it maintains the focus on salience, legitimacy, and credibility in the research....

  3. Evaluating six soft approaches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Lene Tolstrup; Vidal, Rene Victor Valqui

    2008-01-01

    's interactive planning principles to be supported by soft approaches in carrying out the principles in action. These six soft approaches are suitable forsupporting various steps of the strategy development and planning process. These are the SWOT analysis, the Future Workshop, the Scenario methodology......, Strategic Option Development and Analysis, Strategic Choice Approach and Soft Systems Methodology. Evaluations of each methodology are carried out using a conceptual framework in which the organisation, the result, the process and the technology of the specific approach are taken into consideration. Using...

  4. Evaluating Six Soft Approaches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Lene Tolstrup; Valqui Vidal, René Victor

    2008-01-01

    's interactive planning principles to be supported by soft approaches in carrying out the principles in action. These six soft approaches are suitable forsupporting various steps of the strategy development and planning process. These are the SWOT analysis, the Future Workshop, the Scenario methodology......, Strategic Option Development and Analysis, Strategic Choice Approach and Soft Systems Methodology. Evaluations of each methodology are carried out using a conceptual framework in which the organisation, the result, the process and the technology of the specific approach are taken into consideration. Using...

  5. Intradural anterior transpetrosal approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ichimura, Shinya; Hori, Satoshi; Hecht, Nils; Czabanka, Marcus; Vajkoczy, Peter

    2016-10-01

    The standard anterior transpetrosal approach (ATPA) for petroclival lesions is fundamentally an epidural approach and has been practiced for many decades quite successfully. However, this approach has some disadvantages, such as epidural venous bleeding around foramen ovale. We describe here our experience with a modified technique for anterior petrosectomy via an intradural approach that overcomes these disadvantages. Five patients with petroclival lesions underwent surgery via the intradural ATPA. The intraoperative hallmarks are detailed, and surgical results are reported. Total removal of the lesions was achieved in two patients with petroclival meningioma and two patients with pontine cavernoma, whereas subtotal removal was achieved in one patient with petroclival meningioma without significant morbidity. No patient experienced cerebrospinal fluid leakage. The intradural approach is allowed to tailor the extent of anterior petrosectomy to the individually required exposure, and the surgical procedure appeared to be more straightforward than via the epidural route. Caveats encountered with the approach were the temporal basal veins that could be spared as well as identification of the petrous apex due to the lack of familial epidural landmarks. The risk of injury to the temporal bridging veins is higher in this approach than in the epidural approach. Intradural approach is recommended in patients with a large epidural venous route, such as sphenobasal and sphenopetrosal vein. Navigation via bone-window computed tomography is useful to identify the petrous apex.

  6. Alternative Auditing Approaches

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kandt, Alicen J [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2017-09-15

    This presentation for the 2017 Energy Exchange in Tampa, Florida, offers information about advanced auditing technologies and techniques including alternative auditing approaches and considerations and caveats.

  7. Evaluating six soft approaches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Lene Tolstrup; Vidal, Rene Victor Valqui

    2008-01-01

    's interactive planning principles to be supported by soft approaches in carrying out the principles in action. These six soft approaches are suitable forsupporting various steps of the strategy development and planning process. These are the SWOT analysis, the Future Workshop, the Scenario methodology......, Strategic Option Development and Analysis, Strategic Choice Approach and Soft Systems Methodology. Evaluations of each methodology are carried out using a conceptual framework in which the organisation, the result, the process and the technology of the specific approach are taken into consideration. Using...

  8. A Comparison on the Audiolingual Approach and the Communicative Approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代海娜

    2015-01-01

    Audiolingual approach and communicative approach are two important approaches in language teaching.In this paper,some differences and both advantages and diadvantages will be discussed.Thus,to conduct the important usage of approachs in language teaching.

  9. The TLC Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welker, William A.

    2002-01-01

    Notes how the author has developed the Teaching and Learning Cues (TLC) approach, an offspring of textbook organizational patterns instruction that stresses the significance of certain words and phrases in reading. Concludes that with the TLC approach, students learn to appreciate the important role cue words and phrases play in understanding…

  10. Articulating Design Approaches?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kensing, Finn; Bødker, Keld; Simonsen, Jesper

    We are working on an approach for designing CSCW systems since we advocate the importance of generalizing from own work practice as designers and from studies of designers working under industrial conditions. We use the term approach as something in between commodified methods and isolated techni...

  11. Stuttering-Psycholinguistic Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hategan, Carolina Bodea; Anca, Maria; Prihoi, Lacramioara

    2012-01-01

    This research promotes psycholinguistic paradigm, it focusing in delimitating several specific particularities in stuttering pathology. Structural approach, on language sides proves both the recurrent aspects found within specialized national and international literature and the psycholinguistic approaches dependence on the features of the…

  12. Ten practice redesign approaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slayton, Val

    2013-01-01

    As healthcare delivery continues to evolve at a rapid pace, practices need to consider redesign approaches to stay ahead of the pack. From national policy and private payer initiatives to societal macro trends and the growing use of mobile technologies, delivering value, understanding customer needs, and assessing satisfaction are important elements to achieve and maintain success. This article discusses 10 practice redesign approaches.

  13. Modular Approach for Ethics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyne, Mudasser F.

    2010-01-01

    It is hard to define a single set of ethics that will cover an entire computer users community. In this paper, the issue is addressed in reference to code of ethics implemented by various professionals, institutes and organizations. The paper presents a higher level model using hierarchical approach. The code developed using this approach could be…

  14. Approaches to understand culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Lauge Baungaard; Rauner, Felix

    1996-01-01

    Different approaches to understand the concept ofculture are presented and evaluated. The author'sconcept of culture is defined. Different aspectsof the concept are discussed.......Different approaches to understand the concept ofculture are presented and evaluated. The author'sconcept of culture is defined. Different aspectsof the concept are discussed....

  15. The TLC Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welker, William A.

    2002-01-01

    Notes how the author has developed the Teaching and Learning Cues (TLC) approach, an offspring of textbook organizational patterns instruction that stresses the significance of certain words and phrases in reading. Concludes that with the TLC approach, students learn to appreciate the important role cue words and phrases play in understanding…

  16. Life Span Developmental Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Eryilmaz

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The Life Span Developmental Approach examines development of individuals which occurs from birth to death. Life span developmental approach is a multi-disciplinary approach related with disciplines like psychology, psychiatry, sociology, anthropology and geriatrics that indicates the fact that development is not completed in adulthood, it continues during the life course. Development is a complex process that consists of dying and death. This approach carefully investigates the development of individuals with respect to developmental stages. This developmental approach suggests that scientific disciplines should not explain developmental facts only with age changes. Along with aging, cognitive, biological, and socioemotional development throughout life should also be considered to provide a reasonable and acceptable context, guideposts, and reasonable expectations for the person. There are three important subjects whom life span developmental approach deals with. These are nature vs nurture, continuity vs discontinuity, and change vs stability. Researchers using life span developmental approach gather and produce knowledge on these three most important domains of individual development with their unique scientific methodology.

  17. Otoplasty: A graduated approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foda, H M

    1999-01-01

    Numerous otoplastic techniques have been described for the correction of protruding ears. Technique selection in otoplasty should be done only after careful analysis of the abnormal anatomy responsible for the protruding ear deformity. A graduated surgical approach is presented which is designed to address all contributing factors to the presenting auricular deformity. The approach starts with the more conservative cartilage-sparing suturing techniques, then proceeds to incorporate other more aggressive cartilage weakening maneuvers. Applying this approach resulted in better long-term results with less postoperative lateralization than that encountered on using the cartilage-sparing techniques alone.

  18. Introducing Systems Approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Martin; Holwell, Sue

    Systems Approaches to Managing Change brings together five systems approaches to managing complex issues, each having a proven track record of over 25 years. The five approaches are: System Dynamics (SD) developed originally in the late 1950s by Jay Forrester Viable Systems Model (VSM) developed originally in the late 1960s by Stafford Beer Strategic Options Development and Analysis (SODA: with cognitive mapping) developed originally in the 1970s by Colin Eden Soft Systems Methodology (SSM) developed originally in the 1970s by Peter Checkland Critical Systems Heuristics (CSH) developed originally in the late 1970s by Werner Ulrich

  19. Flipped Classroom Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fezile Ozdamli

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Flipped classroom is an active, student-centered approach that was formed to increase the quality of period within class. Generally this approach whose applications are done mostly in Physical Sciences, also attracts the attention of educators and researchers in different disciplines recently. Flipped classroom learning which wide-spreads rapidly in the world, is not well recognized in our country. That is why the aim of study is to attract attention to its potential in education field and provide to make it recognize more by educators and researchers. With this aim, in the study what flipped classroom approach is, flipped classroom technology models, its advantages and limitations were explained.

  20. Revitalizing the setting approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bloch, Paul; Toft, Ulla; Reinbach, Helene Christine

    2014-01-01

    ¿s everyday life. The supersetting approach argues for optimised effectiveness of health promotion action through integrated efforts and long-lasting partnerships involving a diverse range of actors in public institutions, private enterprises, non-governmental organisations and civil society......BackgroundThe concept of health promotion rests on aspirations aiming at enabling people to increase control over and improve their health. Health promotion action is facilitated in settings such as schools, homes and work places. As a contribution to the promotion of healthy lifestyles, we have.......DiscussionThe supersetting approach is a further development of the setting approach in which the significance of integrated and coordinated actions together with a participatory approach are emphasised and important principles are specified, all of which contribute to the attainment of synergistic effects and sustainable...

  1. The transformativity approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Isak Winkel; Lauta, Kristian Cedervall

    2017-01-01

    During the last five to ten years, a considerable body of research has begun to explore how disasters, real and imagined, trigger social transformations. Even if the contributions to this this research stems from a multitude of academic disciplines, we argue in the article, they constitute...... an identifiable and promising approach for future disaster research. We suggest naming it the transformativity approach. Whereas the vulnerability approach explores the social causation of disasters, the transformativity approach reverses the direction of the gaze and investigates the social transformation...... brought about by disasters. Put simply, the concept of vulnerability is about the upstream causes of disaster and the concept of transformativity about the downstream effects. By discussing three recent contributions (by the historian Greg Bankoff, the legal sociologist Michelle Dauber...

  2. Revitalizing the setting approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bloch, Paul; Toft, Ulla; Reinbach, Helene Christine

    2014-01-01

    BackgroundThe concept of health promotion rests on aspirations aiming at enabling people to increase control over and improve their health. Health promotion action is facilitated in settings such as schools, homes and work places. As a contribution to the promotion of healthy lifestyles, we have.......DiscussionThe supersetting approach is a further development of the setting approach in which the significance of integrated and coordinated actions together with a participatory approach are emphasised and important principles are specified, all of which contribute to the attainment of synergistic effects and sustainable.......SummaryThe supersetting approach is a relevant and useful conceptual framework for developing intervention-based initiatives for sustainable impact in community health promotion. It strives to attain synergistic effects from activities that are carried out in multiple settings in a coordinated manner. The supersetting...

  3. Hormonal approach in Hirsutism

    OpenAIRE

    Abdullah, Nusratuddin

    2015-01-01

    Hinsutism is a clinical sign that primarily indicate androgen excess and open caused hy relatively benign junctional conditions. Hirsutism requires a careful and systematic clinical evaluation coztoleal with a rational approach to treatment. Initiate therapy only in patients who give informed consent after a complete explanation of the potential benejits and risks of a particular treatment and alternative approaches. The goals ofthe correct management of hirsutism are to ame...

  4. Sustainable fashion: New approaches

    OpenAIRE

    Niinimäki, Kirsi

    2013-01-01

    This publication is intended to be used as a source of inspiration for designers and companies, and all stakeholders whose interest lies in the area of sustainable fashion. While the strategies for sustainability are complex and approaches are many, this publication presents only a few ways to approach sustainable fashion. I hope the publication offers inspiration on how to make positive change in current practices and how to effect new mindsets, creating transformative fashion. Theoretica...

  5. The electronic approach VSCF

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hladky, Mark

    The advantages of the high-power electronic approach to variable speed constant frequency (VSCF) systems are examined. It is shown, in particular, how the inherent flexibility of the VSCF approach allows it to be configured for different applications, contributing to the evolution towards the more electric aircraft. The discussion covers criteria for selection, aircraft electric power system architectures, power level, performance, reliability, and maintainability. The future trends of the VSCF converter technology are also briefly discussed.

  6. Theoretical Approaches to Coping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofia Zyga

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Dealing with stress requires conscious effort, it cannot be perceived as equal to individual's spontaneous reactions. The intentional management of stress must not be confused withdefense mechanisms. Coping differs from adjustment in that the latter is more general, has a broader meaning and includes diverse ways of facing a difficulty.Aim: An exploration of the definition of the term "coping", the function of the coping process as well as its differentiation from other similar meanings through a literature review.Methodology: Three theoretical approaches of coping are introduced; the psychoanalytic approach; approaching by characteristics; and the Lazarus and Folkman interactive model.Results: The strategic methods of the coping approaches are described and the article ends with a review of the approaches including the functioning of the stress-coping process , the classificationtypes of coping strategies in stress-inducing situations and with a criticism of coping approaches.Conclusions: The comparison of coping in different situations is difficult, if not impossible. The coping process is a slow process, so an individual may select one method of coping under one set ofcircumstances and a different strategy at some other time. Such selection of strategies takes place as the situation changes.

  7. Entropy and gravity concepts as new methodological indexes to investigate technological convergence: patent network-based approach.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongrae Cho

    Full Text Available The volatility and uncertainty in the process of technological developments are growing faster than ever due to rapid technological innovations. Such phenomena result in integration among disparate technology fields. At this point, it is a critical research issue to understand the different roles and the propensity of each element technology for technological convergence. In particular, the network-based approach provides a holistic view in terms of technological linkage structures. Furthermore, the development of new indicators based on network visualization can reveal the dynamic patterns among disparate technologies in the process of technological convergence and provide insights for future technological developments. This research attempts to analyze and discover the patterns of the international patent classification codes of the United States Patent and Trademark Office's patent data in printed electronics, which is a representative technology in the technological convergence process. To this end, we apply the physical idea as a new methodological approach to interpret technological convergence. More specifically, the concepts of entropy and gravity are applied to measure the activities among patent citations and the binding forces among heterogeneous technologies during technological convergence. By applying the entropy and gravity indexes, we could distinguish the characteristic role of each technology in printed electronics. At the technological convergence stage, each technology exhibits idiosyncratic dynamics which tend to decrease technological differences and heterogeneity. Furthermore, through nonlinear regression analysis, we have found the decreasing patterns of disparity over a given total period in the evolution of technological convergence. This research has discovered the specific role of each element technology field and has consequently identified the co-evolutionary patterns of technological convergence. These new findings

  8. Testing of DentStat (trademark) and Competing Dental Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-13

    15 3 Executive Summary Background: Glass ionomers (GI) were developed for use as...acid). Glass ionomers were later modified with the addition of a light-polymerized liquid resin component that allows the provider to photocure the...cement. Recently the US Navy developed a new resin modified glass ionomer (RMGI), DentStat™, to be utilized in emergency situations to temporarily

  9. Commercialization of LARC (TradeMark) -SI Polyimide Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, Robert G.

    2011-01-01

    LARC(TradeMark)-SI, Langley Research Center- Soluble Imide, was developed in 1992, with the first patent issuing in 1997, and then subsequent patents issued in 1998 and 2000. Currently, this polymer has been successfully licensed by NASA, and has generated revenues, at the time of this reporting, in excess of $1.4 million. The success of this particular polymer has been due to many factors and many lessons learned to the point that the invention, while important, is the least significant part in the commercialization of this material. Commercial LARC(TradeMark)-SI is a polyimide composed of two molar equivalents of dianhydrides: 4,4 -oxydiphthalic anhydride (ODPA), and 3,3 ,4,4 -biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride (BPDA) and 3,4 -oxydianiline (3,4 -ODA) as the diamine. The unique feature of this aromatic polyimide is that it remains soluble after solution imidization in high-boiling, polar aprotic solvents, even at solids contents of 50-percent by weight. However, once isolated and heated above its T(sub g) of 240 C, it becomes insoluble and exhibits high-temperature thermoplastic melt-flow behavior. With these unique structure property characteristics, it was thought this would be an advantage to have an aromatic polyimide that is both solution and melt processable in the imide form. This could potentially lead to lower cost production as it was not as equipment- or labor-intensive as other high-performance polyimide materials that either precipitate or are intractable. This unique combination of properties allowed patents with broad claim coverage and potential commercialization. After the U.S. Patent applications were filed, a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract was awarded to Imtec, Inc. to develop and supply the polyimide to NASA and the general public. Some examples of demonstration parts made with LARC(TradeMark)-SI ranged from aircraft wire and multilayer printed-circuit boards, to gears, composite panels, supported adhesive tape, composite coatings, cookware, and polyimide foam. Even with its unique processing characteristics, the thermal and mechanical properties were not drastically different from other solution or meltprocessable polyimides developed by NASA. LARC(TradeMark)-SI risked becoming another interesting, but costly, high-performance material.

  10. CMMI (Trademark) for Acquisition, Version 1.2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-01

    2005 IT Governance Institute. CobiT 4.0. Rolling Meadows, IL: IT Governance Institute, 2005. http://www.isaca.org/Content/NavigationMenu/Members_an...ISO 20000-1 [ISO 2005] • IEEE [IEEE 1991] • CobiT v. 4.0 [IT Governance 2005] • SW-CMM v1.1 • EIA 632 [EIA 2003] • SA-CMM [SEI 2002] • P-CMM

  11. Energy Surety Microgrids (trademark) Supporting Renewable Technologies and Energy Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-30

    Small combustion and µ-turbines Fuel cells IC engines Small hydro and wind Solar electric and solar thermal Energy storage (batteries, flywheels ... energy generation, such as photovoltaic, wind, plug-in-hybrids, waste-toenergy systems, microturbines, and energy storage systems into one or more... energy storage systems into one or more microgrids to improve base energy supply reliability and enhance critical mission assurance. This

  12. Survey of Ada (Trademark)-Based PDLs (Program Design Language).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    Jane Stoughton Tel: 602-721-0500 PDL Identification: Byron Organization: Intermetrics, Inc. 733 Concord Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138 Contact: Barbara...827-9519 Organization: BTO Technical Operations 6365 East Tanque Verde Suite 200 Tucson, AZ 85717 PDL Identification: Bell Ada PDL Contact: Mary Jane ...a Related Syntax for an Ada POL," Mayda Software Engineering. iii) Nancy May Linden, "CASPOMAT - an Automated Teller System," and tool input and

  13. 78 FR 61185 - Patent and Trademark Office Acquisition Guidelines (PTAG)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-03

    ... brevity of content, streamlined procedures, innovation in process, flexibility, and discretion to the... schedule 2.2 Acquisition Forecasting As a result of exemptions described in Part 1 above, the USPTO is...

  14. Runtime Execution Considerations for Ada (Trademark) Software Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-03-27

    requirements have been es tablish,d. This is a preferable app--oach because the software dpsign need not account for any hardware limitations. However...optimization will be included in their Version 3 reliase , due in fourth quarter of 1987. dh’ -t l nguagce itself provides some problims for vendnrs int-njing... value ’ scheme for parameter passing in procedures and functions, a significant speed overhead can be imposed when passing large data objects. Rather than

  15. Modeling Firing Range Best Management Practices with TREECS (trademark)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    Davis, Deputy Director, EL; Dr. Warren Lorentz , Chief, EPED; and Dr. Dorothy Tillman, acting Chief, WQCMB. Dr. Elizabeth Ferguson was Technical Director...constraint of Equation 8 is not violated . If violation occurs, the user is warned and must change values in the input table until the constraint is

  16. ReOpt[trademark] V2.0 user guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    White, M K; Bryant, J L

    1992-10-01

    Cleaning up the large number of contaminated waste sites at Department of Energy (DOE) facilities in the US presents a large and complex problem. Each waste site poses a singular set of circumstances (different contaminants, environmental concerns, and regulations) that affect selection of an appropriate response. Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) developed ReOpt to provide information about the remedial action technologies that are currently available. It is an easy-to-use personal computer program and database that contains data about these remedial technologies and auxiliary data about contaminants and regulations. ReOpt will enable engineers and planners involved in environmental restoration efforts to quickly identify potentially applicable environmental restoration technologies and access corresponding information required to select cleanup activities for DOE sites.

  17. CMMI (registered trademark) for Services, Version 1.2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-01

    ITIL )  ISO/IEC 20000: Information Technology—Service Management  Control Objects for Information and related Technology (CobiT)  Information...html. Office of Government Commerce 2007a Office of Government Commerce. ITIL : Continual Service Improvement. London, UK: Office of Government...Commerce, 2007. Office of Government Commerce 2007b Office of Government Commerce. ITIL : Service Design. London, UK: Office of Government

  18. The Disaster (trademark) Scheduling System: A Review and Case Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    Theory of Constraints and DISASTER". Dr. Eliyahu Goldratt first gained widespread recognition after the publication of his best-selling book, The Goal...decision to base DMMIS on MRP II logic, a new manufacturing philosophy based on Dr. Eliyahu Goldratt’s General Theory of Constraints (TOC) has gained...widespread popularity. Goldratt recently released a microcomputer-based scheduling system, called DISASTERTM , that is based on TOC principles. AFLC

  19. Brand & Trademark%品牌与商标

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安青虎

    2006-01-01

    品牌一词现今在社会生活中被广泛使用,在诸多情况下与商标的概念混同.本文详细阐解了品牌与商标的相关概念及历史发展,指出了二者间的区别.但同时认为由于长期的混同使用与发展,如今品牌与商标已基本为同一语.

  20. Geothermal depth power plant; Geothermie Tiefenkraftwerk trademark (GTKW)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haemmerle, Hubert [Ehoch 10 Projektentwicklungs GmbH, Wien (Austria); Pilgerstorfer, Thomas; Schubert, Wulf [Technische Univ. Graz (Austria). Inst. fuer Felsmechanik und Tunnelbau; Radoncic, Nedim

    2012-11-01

    The authors of the contribution under consideration report on a new concept for the utilization of geothermal energy. This concept provides itself due to the size of the usable reservoir, its performance in the area of conventional caloric power plants and its pronounced availability as a base load substitution for nuclear power plants as well as conventional gas and coal-fired power plants. A basic feasibility study was concluded. In addition to basic research, a variety of development work is required.

  1. Change the Equation (trademark): Solving America’s Innovation Problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    Merck 64. Microsoft 65. MITRE 66. Motorola 67. Nature Publishing Group 68. The Nielsen Company 69. Northrop Grumman 70. Ogilvy Public Relations 71...SMART Tech 89. Sony Pictures 90. Space Systems / Loral Contact Information Linda Rosen lrosen@changetheequation.org 202.626.5740 www.changetheequation.org Facebook.com/changetheequation Twitter.com/changeequation 18

  2. CMMI (registered trademark) or Agile: Why Not Embrace Both!

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-11-01

    that the SEI acknowledges that “level mania ” and imposing processes is misuse. Agile experts are encouraged to learn more about CMMI, to seek out and...Glazer 2001] Hillel Glazer. “Dispelling the Process Myth: Having a Process Does Not Mean Sacrificing Agility or Creativity .” CrossTalk: The

  3. Tumor-stroma interactions a trademark for metastasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morales, Monica; Planet, Evarist; Arnal-Estape, Anna; Pavlovic, Milica; Tarragona, Maria; Gomis, Roger R

    2011-10-01

    We aimed to unravel genes that are significantly associated with metastasis in order to identify functions that support disseminated disease. We identify genes associated with metastasis and verify its clinical correlations using publicly available primary tumor expression profile data sets. We used facilities in R and Bioconductor (GSEA). Specific data structures and functions were imported. Our results show that genes associated with metastasis in primary tumor enriched for pathways associated with immune infiltration or cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction. As an example, we focus on the enrichment of TGFBR2 and TGF|X A set of communication tools capital for tumor-stroma interactions that define metastasis to the lung and support bone colonization. We showed that tumor-stroma communication through cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction pathway is selected in primary tumors with high risk of relapse. High levels of these factors support systemic instigation of the far metastatic nest as well as local metastatic-specific functions that provide solid ground for metastatic development. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. CORIS[sup (TM)]: Corrosion data base. CORIS trademark : Korrosionsdatenbank

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gervens, T. (AV-IM Angewandte Mathematik, Leverkusen - Bayerwerk (Germany)); Krohn-Huppertz, R. (AV-IM Angewandte Mathematik, Leverkusen - Bayerwerk (Germany)); Schlagner, W. (IN-ATUE Werkstofftechnik, Leverkusen - Bayerwerk (Germany))

    1993-10-01

    In this paper the main component of the CORIS system, the corrosion database, is presented. The database contains corrosion facts for metallic materials with respect to all important corrosion parameters. E/R-Models (Entity-Relationship-models) were used for structuring the corrosion knowledge, and the functionality of the system is described in detail from the conceptual and the practical point of view. The system offers the possibility to enter own corrosion data as well as to evaluate stored data. The graphical interactive user interface was designed for simple use. (orig.)

  5. Recycling of mixed wastes using Quantum-CEP{trademark}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sameski, B.

    1997-02-01

    The author describes the process that M4 Environmental Management, Inc., is commercializing for the treatment of mixed wastes. He summarizes the types of wastes which the process can be applied to, the products which come out of the process, and examples of various waste streams which have been processed. The process is presently licensed to treat mixed wastes and the company has in place contracts for such services. The process uses a molten metal bath to catalyze reactions which break the incoming products down to an atomic level, and allow different process steams to be tapped at the output end.

  6. Using Lean Six Sigma to Accelerate CMMI (registered trademark) Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-02

    Using Lean Six Sigma to Accelerate CMMI® Implementation Briefers: Diane A. Glaser Michael D. Barnett US Army CECOM LCMC SEC CMMI Coordinator...Objectives • Overview of Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI), Lean, and Six Sigma and how they combine in practice • Why the Army is adopting...Lean Six Sigma (LSS) • How the CECOM Software Engineering Center (SEC) intends to leverage LSS to accelerate CMMI implementation to support the

  7. 76 FR 69132 - Trademark Technical and Conforming Amendments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-08

    ... comment requirements of the APA apply)), and Fressola v. Manbeck, 36 USPQ2d 1211, 1215 (D.D.C. 1995) (`` t... CASES 0 1. The authority citation for 37 CFR Part 2 continues to read as follows: Authority: 15 U.S.C... REGISTRATION OF MARKS 0 4. The authority citation for 37 CFR Part 7 continues to read as follows: Authority:...

  8. Criticality calculations with MCNP{trademark}: A primer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harmon, C.D. II; Busch, R.D.; Briesmeister, J.F.; Forster, R.A. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1994-06-06

    With the closure of many experimental facilities, the nuclear criticality safety analyst increasingly is required to rely on computer calculations to identify safe limits for the handling and storage of fissile materials. However, in many cases, the analyst has little experience with the specific codes available at his/her facility. This primer will help you, the analyst, understand and use the MCNP Monte Carlo code for nuclear criticality safety analyses. It assumes that you have a college education in a technical field. There is no assumption of familiarity with Monte Carlo codes in general or with MCNP in particular. Appendix A gives an introduction to Monte Carlo techniques. The primer is designed to teach by example, with each example illustrating two or three features of MCNP that are useful in criticality analyses. Beginning with a Quickstart chapter, the primer gives an overview of the basic requirements for MCNP input and allows you to run a simple criticality problem with MCNP. This chapter is not designed to explain either the input or the MCNP options in detail; but rather it introduces basic concepts that are further explained in following chapters. Each chapter begins with a list of basic objectives that identify the goal of the chapter, and a list of the individual MCNP features that are covered in detail in the unique chapter example problems. It is expected that on completion of the primer you will be comfortable using MCNP in criticality calculations and will be capable of handling 80 to 90 percent of the situations that normally arise in a facility. The primer provides a set of basic input files that you can selectively modify to fit the particular problem at hand.

  9. High temperature Hexoloy{trademark} SX silicon carbide. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Srinivasan, G.V.; Lau, S.K.; Storm, R.S. [Carborundum Co., Niagara Falls, NY (United States)

    1994-09-01

    HEXOLOY{reg_sign} SX-SiC, fabricated with Y and Al containing compounds as sintering aids, has been shown to possess significantly improved strength and toughness over HEXOLOY{reg_sign}SA-SiC. This study was undertaken to establish and benchmark the complete mechanical property database of a first generation material, followed by a process optimization task to further improve the properties. Mechanical characterization on the first generation material indicated that silicon-rich pools, presumably formed as a reaction product during sintering, controlled the strength from room temperature to 1,232 C. At 1,370 C in air, the material was failing due to a glass-phase formation at the surface. This glass-phase formation was attributed to the reaction of yttrium aluminates, which exist as a second phase in the material, with the ambient. This process was determined to be a time-dependent one that leads to slow crack growth. Fatigue experiments clearly indicated that the slow crack growth driven by the reaction occurred only at temperatures >1,300 C, above the melting point of the glass phase. Process optimization tasks conducted included the selection of the best SiC powder source, studies on mixing/milling conditions for SiC powder with the sintering aids, and a designed experiment involving a range of sintering and post-treatment conditions. The optimization study conducted on the densification variables indicated that lower sintering temperatures and higher post-treatment pressures reduce the Si-rich pool formation, thereby improving the room-temperature strength. In addition, it was also determined that furnacing configuration and atmosphere were critical in controlling the Si-rich formation.

  10. Overlay performance with advanced ATHENA trademark alignment strategies

    CERN Document Server

    Huijbregtse, Jeroen; Jeunink, Andre; Megens, Henry; Navarro, Ramon; Simons, Geert; Swinnen, Bart; Tolsma, Hoite; Van Bilsen, Frank; Van Haren, Richard

    2003-01-01

    The introduction of the ATHENA**T**M alignment sensor has made advanced applications of the sensor data increasingly important to meet the tightening overlay specifications for future technology nodes. As part of the total overlay budget, the effects of different alignment strategies on overlay performance need to be investigated. Keeping in mind that such strategies are simple and easy to use, two developments are addressed: advanced alignment recipes and advanced mark designs. (Edited abstract) 8 Refs.

  11. CMMI (Trademark) for Acquisition, Version 1.2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-01

    or established technologies to be applied, such as robotics, composite materials, or artificial intelligence ; and breadth of the functionality...you to align the way you do busines They allow you to address scalability and provide a way to incorpora knowledge of how to do things better. Processes...part by the selections made by the organization to meet its busine objectives. Tying It All Together 38 CMMI for Acquisition Version 1.2 4

  12. Addressing an IDW Nightmare in a Snap (registered trademark)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-12

    Addressing an IDW Nightmare in a Snap® Presenters: Larry Jordan (ARCADIS/Malcolm Pirnie) Jennifer Wilbur (Headquarters Marine Corps) May 12, 2011...MAY 2011 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2011 to 00-00-2011 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Addressing an IDW Nightmare in a Snap? 5a. CONTRACT...circumference • Team developed costs for various scenarios to deal with large volumes of purge water 12 Miles IDW Holding Area Boring Location

  13. Exer-Genie(Registered Trademark) Exercise Device Hardware Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaffner, Grant; Sharp,Carwyn; Stroud, Leah

    2008-01-01

    An engineering evaluation was performed on the ExerGenie(r) exercise device to quantify its capabilities and limitations to address questions from the Constellation Program. Three subjects performed rowing and circuit training sessions to assess the suitability of the device for aerobic exercise. Three subjects performed a resistive exercise session to assess the suitability of the device for resistive exercise. Since 1 subject performed both aerobic and resistive exercise sessions, a total of 5 subjects participated.

  14. Ada (Trademark) Tasking and Exceptions: A Formal Definition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    handlerjist exception- bandler -jead sequence...of-statements E14) exceptionjiandlerjlist -. exceptionji andler..head sequence..of..statements E15...Weatherly, Richard M., A Messale-Based Kernel to Support Ada Tasking, Proceedings of the IEEE Computer 06; Society 1984 Conference on Ada

  15. MCNP4B{sup {trademark}} verification and validation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hendricks, J.S.; Court, J.D.

    1996-08-01

    Several new features and bug fixes have been incorporated into the new release of MCNP. As required by the MCNP Software Quality Assurance Plan, these changes to the code and the test set are documented here for user reference. This document summarizes the new MCNP4B features and corrections, separated into major and minor groupings. Also included are a code cleanup section and a section delineating problems identified in LA-12839 which have not been corrected. Finally, we document the MCNP4B test set modifications and explain how test set coverage has been improved.

  16. Implementation of Geometric Algebra in MATLAB (registered trademark) with Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    UNCLASSIFIED Implementation of Geometric Algebra in MATLAB R© with Applications Leonid K. Antanovskii Weapons and Combat Systems Division Defence...Geometric Algebra followed by its implementation in MATLAB . The developed fully vectorized code is thoroughly tested. Several applications are presented in...

  17. Origin and evolution of patents and trademarks in sports biomechanics

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    ResumenLa Biomecánica es una disciplina científica cuyo origen se remonta varios siglos atrás, cuando distintos precursores utilizaron diferentes ciencias para analizar el movimiento humano y animal. El desarrollo tecnológico ha propiciado la invención de distintos dispositivos los cuales han sido utilizados en estudios biomecánicos. Dichos dispositivos han facilitado la toma y análisis de datos relacionados con el movimiento y sus causas. La Oficina Española de Patentes y Marcas (O.E.P.M.) ...

  18. ASCR{trademark}: lower NOx removal costs without sacrificing performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bible, S.; Rummenhohl, V.; Siebeking, M.; Thomas, R.; Triece, C. [Fuel Tech (United States)

    2011-05-15

    With recent regulatory initiatives, the new Industrial Emissions Directive in Europe, and new rules being proposed by EPA in the USA, the question for power plants is now whether they will be required to reduce NOx emissions in the future to stay in operation, but when. What is needed is a low-capital-cost but high-performance NOx removal technology. 7 figs.

  19. 37 CFR 2.193 - Trademark correspondence and signature requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... who has an actual written or verbal power of attorney or an implied power of attorney from the owner... questions the authority of a person who signs a communication that merely transmits paper documents. (f... advocating) of any document by any person, whether a practitioner or non-practitioner, constitutes...

  20. A Revised STONEMAN for Distributed Ada (Trademark) Support Environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    MA 02154 San Diego, CA 92152 Chuck Waltrip Philip Myers Johns Hopkins University Dave Pasterchik Applied Physics Lab NRVELEX Johns Hopkins Road FLEX...Georgia Tech Atlanta, GA 30332 Reed Kotler Lockheed Missiles & Space Dick Drake 1111 Lockheed Way IBM Sunnyvale, CA 94086 Federal Systems Division 102/075

  1. Environmental information volume: Liquid Phase Methanol (LPMEOH{trademark}) project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-05-01

    The purpose of this project is to demonstrate the commercial viability of the Liquid Phase Methanol Process using coal-derived synthesis gas, a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. This report describes the proposed actions, alternative to the proposed action, the existing environment at the coal gasification plant at Kingsport, Tennessee, environmental impacts, regulatory requirements, offsite fuel testing, and DME addition to methanol production. Appendices include the air permit application, solid waste permits, water permit, existing air permits, agency correspondence, and Eastman and Air Products literature.

  2. Insights Through Performative Approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Battisti

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available This script aims to explore how performative approaches can be used to enhance the understanding of social situations by going beyond the presenting or outermost layer of a problem. The script evolves in six acts and focuses on a group of academics and consultants who meet to develop a theoretical understanding of performative approaches, to experiment with performative approaches by applying them to a consulting case, and finally to reflect on the learning experiences and the understanding of social situations implicit in the case. We found that with traditional scientific methods it may be difficult to understand the underlying—often unconscious—dynamics, emotions and resistances within social situations. Using performative approaches opens up the possibility to gain an understanding of the social situation beyond the rational and cognitive level. In particular, the use of creative approaches like painting, role-plays or fairy tales may allow new and alternative perspectives and interpretations of a social situation to emerge. The script concludes with practical implications for action research in the context of organizational consulting and development. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0802444

  3. Personal Approaches to Career Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeMont, Billie; DeMont, Roger

    1983-01-01

    Identifies four approaches to career planning based on situational leadership theory: the network approach, self-help approach, engineering approach, and mentor approach. Guidelines for the selection of a planning method based on the nature of the work environment and personal preference are discussed. (JAC)

  4. Personal Approaches to Career Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeMont, Billie; DeMont, Roger

    1983-01-01

    Identifies four approaches to career planning based on situational leadership theory: the network approach, self-help approach, engineering approach, and mentor approach. Guidelines for the selection of a planning method based on the nature of the work environment and personal preference are discussed. (JAC)

  5. Approaching a Postcolonial Arctic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lars

    2016-01-01

    This article explores different postcolonially configured approaches to the Arctic. It begins by considering the Arctic as a region, an entity, and how the customary political science informed approaches are delimited by their focus on understanding the Arctic as a region at the service...... of the contemporary neoliberal order. It moves on to explore how different parts of the Arctic are inscribed in a number of sub-Arctic nation-state binds, focusing mainly on Canada and Denmark. The article argues that the postcolonial can be understood as a prism or a methodology that asks pivotal questions to all...... approaches to the Arctic. Yet the postcolonial itself is characterised by limitations, not least in this context its lack of interest in the Arctic, and its bias towards conventional forms of representation in art. The article points to the need to develop a more integrated critique of colonial and neo...

  6. Life History Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Henning Salling

    2015-01-01

    as in everyday life. Life histories represent lived lives past, present and anticipated future. As such they are interpretations of individuals’ experiences of the way in which societal dynamics take place in the individual body and mind, either by the individual him/herself or by another biographer. The Life...... History approach was developing from interpreting autobiographical and later certain other forms of language interactive material as moments of life history, i.e. it is basically a hermeneutic approach. Talking about a psycho-societal approach indicates the ambition of attacking the dichotomy...... of the social and the psychic, both in the interpretation procedure and in some main theoretical understandings of language, body and mind. My article will present the reflections on the use of life history based methodology in learning and education research as a kind of learning story of research work....

  7. Approaches to Methadone Treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Järvinen, Margaretha

    2008-01-01

    The paper analyses methadone treatment in Copenhagen – as it is described by methadone users and staff at different outpatient centres. The starting point is a theoretical model distinguishing between two different approaches to methadone treatment: ‘palliative’ and ‘curative’. Included...... in the model are three dimensions (1) treatment goals at the methadone centres (abstinence vs. stabilisation) (2) treatment focus (focus on addiction vs. focus on the consequences of addiction) and (3) conceptualisation of methadone (methadone as similar to or different from heroin). The paper shows...... that there is a discrepancy between the attitudes of the staff and those of the users. While the staff favour an almost clear-cut palliative approach to methadone treatment, defining curative goals as both unrealistic and as belonging to the past, the users prefer an approach that does not exclude the goal of abstinence...

  8. Life History Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Henning Salling

    2015-01-01

    as in everyday life. Life histories represent lived lives past, present and anticipated future. As such they are interpretations of individuals’ experiences of the way in which societal dynamics take place in the individual body and mind, either by the individual him/herself or by another biographer. The Life...... History approach was developing from interpreting autobiographical and later certain other forms of language interactive material as moments of life history, i.e. it is basically a hermeneutic approach. Talking about a psycho-societal approach indicates the ambition of attacking the dichotomy...... of the social and the psychic, both in the interpretation procedure and in some main theoretical understandings of language, body and mind. My article will present the reflections on the use of life history based methodology in learning and education research as a kind of learning story of research work....

  9. Technical approach document

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-12-01

    The Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) of 1978, Public Law 95-604 (PL95-604), grants the Secretary of Energy the authority and responsibility to perform such actions as are necessary to minimize radiation health hazards and other environmental hazards caused by inactive uranium mill sites. This Technical Approach Document (TAD) describes the general technical approaches and design criteria adopted by the US Department of Energy (DOE) in order to implement remedial action plans (RAPS) and final designs that comply with EPA standards. It does not address the technical approaches necessary for aquifer restoration at processing sites; a guidance document, currently in preparation, will describe aquifer restoration concerns and technical protocols. This document is a second revision to the original document issued in May 1986; the revision has been made in response to changes to the groundwater standards of 40 CFR 192, Subparts A--C, proposed by EPA as draft standards. New sections were added to define the design approaches and designs necessary to comply with the groundwater standards. These new sections are in addition to changes made throughout the document to reflect current procedures, especially in cover design, water resources protection, and alternate site selection; only minor revisions were made to some of the sections. Sections 3.0 is a new section defining the approach taken in the design of disposal cells; Section 4.0 has been revised to include design of vegetated covers; Section 8.0 discusses design approaches necessary for compliance with the groundwater standards; and Section 9.0 is a new section dealing with nonradiological hazardous constituents. 203 refs., 18 figs., 26 tabs.

  10. Radiolab - three different approaches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lønstrup, Ansa

    2012-01-01

    different scholarly approaches to sound studies. The object was selected by Torben Sangild, who was familiar with the chosen context: the signature of the US radio programme and podcast Radiolab. The two other participants did not know the context and chose to analyse the sound object without further...... object with a global audience, taken from one of the most popular podcasts worldwide, accessible on the internet. Finally, it is a piece of functional sound design, rather than a work of art, which raises the question of context more clearly. The result is three rather different approaches: 1) a process...

  11. Full-Scale Evaluation of DuraDeck (registered trademark) and MegaDeck (trademark) Matting Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-01

    tightened using a cordless drill with a socket designed to fit the nuts. During installation, the manpower was divided as follows: two men carried the...at io n (in .) Passes DURADECK® DEFORMATION MEASURED ON MAT SURFACE F-15 LANE 1 F-15 LANE 2 25 KIP FORKLIFT ERDC/GSL TR-13-27 21 F-15E Lane 1...than initially expected. Inspection of the panels 0.0 0.4 0.8 1.2 1.6 2.0 2.4 2.8 3.2 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 A ve ra ge D ef or m at io n

  12. Interpreting Capability Maturity Model (Trademark) Integration (CMMI (Trademark)) for Business Development Organizations in the Government and Industrial Business Sectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Business development functions include the following: • understanding customer needs • responding to RFPs • preparing proposals • pricing • managing...purchased. Meeting customer needs and requirements makes the difference between a successful product and one that fails. Organizations that grow and... customer needs in an environment of uncertainty. This uncertainty relates to the customer environment, customer needs , and the customer’s buying

  13. Facility Composer (Trademark) and PACES (Trademark) Integration: Development of an XML Interface Based on Industry Foundation Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-01

    Density Parameters. ...............................111 Figure C5. PACES Facilities Values editing screen, Shell Quantity Parameters...112 Figure C6. PACES Facilities Values editing screen, Shell Descriptive Parameters...........................113 Figure C7. PACES import... COCOA B1 12008 FL COCOA B2 12009 FL COCOA OC 12010 FL FT PIERCE 12011 FL JONATHAN 12012 FL MALABAR 12013 FL MELBOURN 12014 FL STUART 12015 FL

  14. Financial Management: An Organic Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laux, Judy

    2013-01-01

    Although textbooks present corporate finance using a topical approach, good financial management requires an organic approach that integrates the various assignments financial managers confront every day. Breaking the tasks into meaningful subcategories, the current article offers one approach.

  15. Approaches to acceptable risk

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Whipple, C.

    1997-04-30

    Several alternative approaches to address the question {open_quotes}How safe is safe enough?{close_quotes} are reviewed and an attempt is made to apply the reasoning behind these approaches to the issue of acceptability of radiation exposures received in space. The approaches to the issue of the acceptability of technological risk described here are primarily analytical, and are drawn from examples in the management of environmental health risks. These include risk-based approaches, in which specific quantitative risk targets determine the acceptability of an activity, and cost-benefit and decision analysis, which generally focus on the estimation and evaluation of risks, benefits and costs, in a framework that balances these factors against each other. These analytical methods tend by their quantitative nature to emphasize the magnitude of risks, costs and alternatives, and to downplay other factors, especially those that are not easily expressed in quantitative terms, that affect acceptance or rejection of risk. Such other factors include the issues of risk perceptions and how and by whom risk decisions are made.

  16. Orion Emergency Mask Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuan, George C.; Graf, John C.

    2009-01-01

    Emergency mask approach on Orion poses a challenge to the traditional Shuttle or Station approaches. Currently, in the case of a fire or toxic spill event, the crew utilizes open loop oxygen masks that provide the crew with oxygen to breath, but also dumps the exhaled oxygen into the cabin. For Orion, with a small cabin volume, the extra oxygen will exceed the flammability limit within a short period of time, unless a nitrogen purge is also provided. Another approach to a fire or toxic spill event is the use of a filtering emergency masks. These masks utilize some form of chemical beds to scrub the air clean of toxic providing the crew safe breathing air for a period without elevating the oxygen level in the cabin. Using the masks and a form of smoke-eater filter, it may be possible to clean the cabin completely or to a level for safe transition to a space suit to perform a cabin purge. Issues with filters in the past have been the reaction time, breakthroughs, and high breathing resistance. Development in a new form of chemical filters has shown promise to make the filtering approach feasible.

  17. The Knowledge Governance Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Nicolai

    2005-01-01

    An attempt is made to characterize a `knowledge governance approach' as a distinctive, emerging field that cuts across the fields of knowledge management, organisation studies, strategy and human resource management. Knowledge governance is taken up with how the deployment of administrative...... represents various challenges to more `closed' social science disciplines, notably economics....

  18. Evaluating six soft approaches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Lene; Vidal, Rene Victor Valqui

    2006-01-01

    The paper introduces and evaluates six soft approaches used in strategy development and planning. We take a planner’s perspective on discussing the concepts of strategy development and planning. This means that we see strategy development and planning as learning processes based on Ackoff’s inter...

  19. Islamic approach in counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanin Hamjah, Salasiah; Mat Akhir, Noor Shakirah

    2014-02-01

    A religious approach is one of the matters emphasized in counseling today. Many researchers find that there is a need to apply the religious element in counseling because religion is important in a client's life. The purpose of this research is to identify aspects of the Islamic approach applied in counseling clients by counselors at Pusat Kaunseling Majlis Agama Islam Negeri Sembilan (PKMAINS). In addition, this research also analyses the Islamic approach applied in counseling at PKMAINS with reference to al-Quran and al-Sunnah. This is a qualitative research in the form of case study at PKMAINS. The main method used in this research is interview. The research instrument used is interview protocol. The respondents in this study include 9 counselors who serve in one of the counseling centers in Malaysia. This study also uses questionnaire as an additional instrument, distributed to 36 clients who receive counseling service at the center. The findings of the study show that the Islamic approach applied in counseling at PKMAINS may be categorized into three main aspects: aqidah (faith), ibadah (worship/ultimate devotion and love for God) and akhlaq (moral conduct). Findings also show that the counseling in these aspects is in line with Islamic teachings as contained in al-Quran and al-Sunnah.

  20. Adopting a Pluricentric Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Kerckvoorde, Colette

    2012-01-01

    This article argues for a "D-A-CH" approach, which stands for Germany (D), Austria (A), and Switzerland (CH), in language classes from the introductory level on. I begin by tracing the emergence and development of distinct Standard Swiss and Austrian German varieties. I then discuss marketing efforts for Swiss and Austrian German, and…

  1. Marxian Approaches to Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnoy, Martin

    Traditional Marxist approaches to the state relegate superstructural institutions like the school to a minor role in the process of social change. More recent theories like those of Gramsci, Althusser, and Poulantzas raise the state and the class struggle in the state apparatuses to a much more prominent position: superstructure, including the…

  2. Implementation of Communicative Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jabeen, Shazi Shah

    2014-01-01

    In the contemporary age of high professional requirements such as excellent communicative skills, the need for successful learning of communicative skills of English language suggests communicative ability to be the goal of language teaching. In other words, to teach English language using communicative approach becomes essential. Studies to…

  3. Comparing Information Access Approaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chalmers, Matthew

    1999-01-01

    Presents a broad view of information access, drawing from philosophy and semiology in constructing a framework for comparative discussion that is used to examine the information representations that underlie four approaches to information access--information retrieval, workflow, collaborative filtering, and the path model. Contains 32 references.…

  4. The Capability Approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I.A.M. Robeyns (Ingrid)

    2011-01-01

    textabstract In its most general description, the capability approach is a flexible and multi-purpose normative framework, rather than a precise theory of well-being, freedom or justice. At its core are two normative claims: first, the claim that the freedom to achieve well-being is of primary mora

  5. Ecosystem approach in education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nabiullin, Iskander

    2017-04-01

    Environmental education is a base for sustainable development. Therefore, in our school we pay great attention to environmental education. Environmental education in our school is based on ecosystem approach. What is an ecosystem approach? Ecosystem is a fundamental concept of ecology. Living organisms and their non-living environments interact with each other as a system, and the biosphere planet functions as a global ecosystem. Therefore, it is necessary for children to understand relationships in ecosystems, and we have to develop systems thinking in our students. Ecosystem approach and systems thinking should help us to solve global environmental problems. How do we implement the ecosystem approach? Students must understand that our biosphere functions as a single ecosystem and even small changes can lead to environmental disasters. Even the disappearance of one plant or animal species can lead to irreversible consequences. So in the classroom we learn the importance of each living organism for the nature. We pay special attention to endangered species, which are listed in the Red Data List. Kids are doing projects about these organisms, make videos, print brochures and newspapers. Fieldwork also plays an important role for ecosystem approach. Every summer, we go out for expeditions to study species of plants and animals listed in the Red Data List of Tatarstan. In class, students often write essays on behalf of any endangered species of plants or animals, this also helps them to understand the importance of each living organism in nature. Each spring we organise a festival of environmental projects among students. Groups of 4-5 students work on a solution of environmental problems, such as water, air or soil pollution, waste recycling, the loss of biodiversity, etc. Participants shoot a clip about their project, print brochures. Furthermore, some of the students participate in national and international scientific Olympiads with their projects. In addition to

  6. Domain Approach: An Alternative Approach in Moral Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vengadasalam, Chander; Mamat, Wan Hasmah Wan; Mail, Fauziah; Sudramanian, Munimah

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses the use of the domain approach in moral education in an upper secondary school in Malaysia. Moral Education needs a creative and an innovative approach. Therefore, a few forms of approaches are used in the teaching-learning of Moral Education. This research describes the use of domain approach which comprises the moral domain…

  7. 商標侵權案件定暫時狀態處分審酌因素之釋明──以eBay案後美國法發展與我國判決實務為中心 The Preliminary Showing on the Factors of Preliminary Injunction in Trademark Infringement Cases─Focusing on American Law after the eBay Case and Taiwan Court Decisions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    范智達 Jr-Da Fan

    2015-12-01

    要求原告花費額外資源去釋明本案勝訴可能性以外之其他因素事實。 In eBay v. MercExchange (2006, the U.S. Supreme Court held that courts must apply the traditional four-factor test for injunctive relief in every case. These “principles of equity” required courts to employ the traditional four-factor test under which the plaintiff must demonstrate (1 a likelihood of success of the merits; (2 the existence of irreparable harm; (3 that the balance of hardships tilts in favor of injunctive relief; and (4 that granting an injunction would not harm the public interest. But when assessing whether a particular instance of trademark infringement resulted in “irreparable harm” U.S. federal courts almost uniformly presumed such irreparable harm upon a finding of likelihood of confusion. In fact, the eBay rules should not be used to eviscerate the normal presumption of irreparable harm that attaches upon a showing of liability in trademark cases. In our country when granting or denying preliminary injunction of trademark infringement cases, the plaintiff often provides a preliminary showing with regard to the existence of legal relation and trademark infringement documentary evidence, not actively providing the existence of irreparable harm, that the balance of hardships tilts in favor of injunctive relief and that an injunction is in the public interest. The court reviewing an application for preliminary injunction deliberates on the likelihood of success on the merits as the most important consideration. Compared with patent and copyright cases of the discretion of the preliminary injunction, the court mainly deliberates on the likelihood of success and the existence of irreparable harm as the most important factor. It is clear intellectual property cases, especially trademark cases on the set of preliminary injunction claim, do not require the plaintiff to take the burden of all factors of trial discretion in Taiwan. Because these harms to

  8. Sociocultural approach to textbook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pešić Jelena M.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present an overview of textbook research at the Institute of psychology, intended to postulate socio-cultural approach to textbook. Shifting the textbook from classical pedagogical-psychological context into the broader and more inspiring cultural context, has led to the conceptualization of textbook as a cultural-supportive system of individual development. We consider firstly, the theoretical background of this conception, founded in Vygotskian idea of cultural mediation of development and then, its operationalization through the concept of cultural-supportive tools. The transfer from theory to practice is presented through the most important practical implications, such as defining the genre specificities of textbook and principles of educational design of textbooks. As a distinctive issue, we also consider the way this approach to textbook (theoretical articulation, analytical concepts, and practical implications contributes to development of socio-cultural paradigm in psychology.

  9. A Personal Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kellyn Weir

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study explored the process of taking a personal approach to my son’s problems with computer games. As a psychology student, I should have been in a good position to explore the paradoxical emotions and this situation of conflict. Yet I was also aware that relating closely to the people we are studying has long been a taboo even in qualitative research. I nevertheless adopted a collaborative methodology in which I balanced a dual role of parent and researcher. Taking a personal approach, allowing intimate, reciprocal negotiation, I was not only able to put this taboo to the rare empirical test but also achieved an insight that would otherwise have not been available to me. By engaging in dialogue and encouraging the ability to object, a first-person plural (We, position was achieved in which an understanding of this situation developed and has transferred to our everyday lives.

  10. Rail transport systems approach

    CERN Document Server

    2017-01-01

    This book shows how the systems approach is employed by scientists in various countries to solve specific problems concerning railway transport. In particular, the book describes the experiences of scientists from Romania, Germany, the Czech Republic, the UK, Russia, Ukraine, Lithuania and Poland. For many of these countries there is a problem with the historical differences between the railways. In particular, there are railways with different rail gauges, with different signaling and communication systems, with different energy supplies and, finally, with different political systems, which are reflected in the different approaches to the management of railway economies. The book’s content is divided into two main parts, the first of which provides a systematic analysis of individual means of providing and maintaining rail transport. In turn, the second part addresses infrastructure and management development, with particular attention to security issues. Though primarily written for professionals involved...

  11. Thermodynamics an engineering approach

    CERN Document Server

    Cengel, Yunus A

    2014-01-01

    Thermodynamics, An Engineering Approach, eighth edition, covers the basic principles of thermodynamics while presenting a wealth of real-world engineering examples so students get a feel for how thermodynamics is applied in engineering practice. This text helps students develop an intuitive understanding by emphasizing the physics and physical arguments. Cengel and Boles explore the various facets of thermodynamics through careful explanations of concepts and use of numerous practical examples and figures, having students develop necessary skills to bridge the gap between knowledge and the confidence to properly apply their knowledge. McGraw-Hill is proud to offer Connect with the eighth edition of Cengel/Boles, Thermodynamics, An Engineering Approach. This innovative and powerful new system helps your students learn more efficiently and gives you the ability to assign homework problems simply and easily. Problems are graded automatically, and the results are recorded immediately. Track individual stude...

  12. The Knowledge Governance Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Nicolai

    2005-01-01

    An attempt is made to characterize a `knowledge governance approach' as a distinctive, emerging field that cuts across the fields of knowledge management, organisation studies, strategy and human resource management. Knowledge governance is taken up with how the deployment of administrative...... apparatus influences knowledge processes, such as sharing, retaining and creating knowledge. It insists on clear behavioural foundations, adopts an economizing perspective and examines efficient alignment between knowledge transactions with diverse characteristics and governance structures and mechanisms...... with diverse capabilities of handling these transactions. Various open research issues that a knowledge governance approach may illuminate are sketched. Although knowledge governance draws clear inspiration from organizational economics and `rational' organization theory, it recognizes that knowledge...

  13. Transaction based approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunka, Frantisek; Matula, Jiri

    2017-07-01

    Transaction based approach is utilized in some methodologies in business process modeling. Essential parts of these transactions are human beings. The notion of agent or actor role is usually used for them. The paper on a particular example describes possibilities of Design Engineering Methodology for Organizations (DEMO) and Resource-Event-Agent (REA) methodology. Whereas the DEMO methodology can be regarded as a generic methodology having its foundation in the theory of Enterprise Ontology the REA methodology is regarded as the domain specific methodology and has its origin in accountancy systems. The results of these approaches is that the DEMO methodology captures everything that happens in the reality with a good empirical evidence whereas the REA methodology captures only changes connected with economic events. Economic events represent either change of the property rights to economic resource or consumption or production of economic resources. This results from the essence of economic events and their connection to economic resources.

  14. Breakfast: a multidisciplinary approach

    OpenAIRE

    Affinita, Antonio; Catalani, Loredana; Cecchetto, Giovanna; De Lorenzo, Gianfranco; Dilillo, Dario; Donegani, Giorgio; Fransos, Lucia; Lucidi, Fabio; Mameli, Chiara; Manna, Elisa; Marconi, Paolo; Mele, Giuseppe; Minestroni, Laura; Montanari, Massimo; Morcellini, Mario

    2013-01-01

    Background The role of breakfast as an essential part of an healthy diet has been only recently promoted even if breakfast practices were known since the Middle Age. The growing scientific evidences on this topic are extremely sector-based nevertheless breakfast could be regarded from different point of views and from different expertises. This approach, that take into account history, sociology, anthropology, medicine, psychology and pedagogy, is useful to better understand the value of this...

  15. Towards a Tectonic Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvejsel, Marie Frier; Kirkegaard, Poul Henning; Mortensen, Sophie Bondgaard

    2015-01-01

    Given the increasing environmental and legislative demands to reduce energy consumption, not only new constructions but also the existing urban fabric is about to change radically in the coming decades. Existing buildings cannot simply be restored but must undergo a transformation to comply with ...... the building envelope as an aesthetic ‘gesture’, this paper discusses the architectural challenges related to energy renovation in a Danish context and tectonic design method as an approach to these challenges in everyday practice....

  16. The Branding Management Approaches

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAKOUBI; Mohamed Lamine

    2014-01-01

    [Abstract]We wil try to present,through the display of the various branding concepts and theories, the different branding management approaches.This wil present the different visions of the discipline depending on the author to try and demonstrate their differences,at first, and their complementarities at last to help the different branding management practitioners (brand managers,marketing managers,advertisers,media-planners……) apprehend the right brand positioning strategy to engage.

  17. Approaching Service Innovation Patterns

    OpenAIRE

    Nagy, Andrea

    2013-01-01

    The present paper aims at analyzing the types of innovation in the field of services. First, the concept of innovation is defined and second, field literature is reviewed from the perspective of service innovation. The main types of innovation are identified based on several attempts at defining innovation, the most notable being Schumpeter’s. Thus, it is possible to approach concepts such as product and process innovation, incremental and radical innovation. Another aim has been to regard se...

  18. APPROACHES FOR SUSTAINABLE MANUFACTURING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    G(U)NTHER Seliger; SEBASTIAN Kernbaum; MARCO Zettl

    2007-01-01

    Sustainable development is a holistic approach harmonizing ecological, economical and socio-political needs with respect to the superior objective of enhancing human living standards. Thereby the availability of natural resources and the conservation of the ecosystems have to be considered that future generations have the possibility to meet their own needs. A long-term economical development demands the transition from a source-sink economy to a cycle economy as a result of limited resources, limited environmental capacities to absorb waste and emissions as well as increasing needs of a growing population. A reference model for sustainability in manufacturing is presented and used to illustrate sustainable approaches with respect to management, technology, process and product. Adaptation of products and components is a vital element for supporting efficient reuse of products and components. Consequently adaptation contributes to the ambitious goals of sustainability. Technological enablers for adaptation as modularity, information and communication technology are exemplarily introduced. Moreover, approaches for disseminating knowledge in sustainability are given.

  19. Evaluation of chiller modeling approaches and their usability for fault detection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sreedharan, Priya [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2001-05-01

    Selecting the model is an important and essential step in model based fault detection and diagnosis (FDD). Several factors must be considered in model evaluation, including accuracy, training data requirements, calibration effort, generality, and computational requirements. All modeling approaches fall somewhere between pure first-principles models, and empirical models. The objective of this study was to evaluate different modeling approaches for their applicability to model based FDD of vapor compression air conditioning units, which are commonly known as chillers. Three different models were studied: two are based on first-principles and the third is empirical in nature. The first-principles models are the Gordon and Ng Universal Chiller model (2nd generation), and a modified version of the ASHRAE Primary Toolkit model, which are both based on first principles. The DOE-2 chiller model as implemented in CoolTools{trademark} was selected for the empirical category. The models were compared in terms of their ability to reproduce the observed performance of an older chiller operating in a commercial building, and a newer chiller in a laboratory. The DOE-2 and Gordon-Ng models were calibrated by linear regression, while a direct-search method was used to calibrate the Toolkit model. The ''CoolTools'' package contains a library of calibrated DOE-2 curves for a variety of different chillers, and was used to calibrate the building chiller to the DOE-2 model. All three models displayed similar levels of accuracy. Of the first principles models, the Gordon-Ng model has the advantage of being linear in the parameters, which allows more robust parameter estimation methods to be used and facilitates estimation of the uncertainty in the parameter values. The ASHRAE Toolkit Model may have advantages when refrigerant temperature measurements are also available. The DOE-2 model can be expected to have advantages when very limited data are available to

  20. Multivariate Bioclimatic Ecosystem Change Approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-06

    conclude that an analogous patch did not exist. It must exist somewhere, but some of the other MVA techniques were restricted by the mathematical ...found that the Primarily Analogous Multivariate approach developed during this research clearly distinguished itself from the other five approaches in...Principally Analogous Multivariate (PAM) approach ............................................... 29 4.6.1 Introduction to the PAM approach

  1. [Approaches to radial shaft].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartoníček, J; Naňka, O; Tuček, M

    2015-10-01

    In the clinical practice, radial shaft may be exposed via two approaches, namely the posterolateral Thompson and volar (anterior) Henry approaches. A feared complication of both of them is the injury to the deep branch of the radial nerve. No consensus has been reached, yet, as to which of the two approaches is more beneficial for the proximal half of radius. According to our anatomical studies and clinical experience, Thompson approach is safe only in fractures of the middle and distal thirds of the radial shaft, but highly risky in fractures of its proximal third. Henry approach may be used in any fracture of the radial shaft and provides a safe exposure of the entire lateral and anterior surfaces of the radius.The Henry approach has three phases. In the first phase, incision is made along the line connecting the biceps brachii tendon and the styloid process of radius. Care must be taken not to damage the lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm.In the second phase, fascia is incised and the brachioradialis identified by the typical transition from the muscle belly to tendon and the shape of the tendon. On the lateral side, the brachioradialis lines the space with the radial artery and veins and the superficial branch of the radial nerve running at its bottom. On the medial side, the space is defined by the pronator teres in the proximal part and the flexor carpi radialis in the distal part. The superficial branch of the radial nerve is retracted together with the brachioradialis laterally, and the radial artery medially.In the third phase, the attachment of the pronator teres is identified by its typical tendon in the middle of convexity of the lateral surface of the radial shaft. The proximal half of the radius must be exposed very carefully in order not to damage the deep branch of the radial nerve. Dissection starts at the insertion of the pronator teres and proceeds proximally along its lateral border in interval between this muscle and insertion of the supinator

  2. Mitochondrial diseases: therapeutic approaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiMauro, Salvatore; Mancuso, Michelangelo

    2007-06-01

    Therapy of mitochondrial encephalomyopathies (defined restrictively as defects of the mitochondrial respiratory chain) is woefully inadequate, despite great progress in our understanding of the molecular bases of these disorders. In this review, we consider sequentially several different therapeutic approaches. Palliative therapy is dictated by good medical practice and includes anticonvulsant medication, control of endocrine dysfunction, and surgical procedures. Removal of noxious metabolites is centered on combating lactic acidosis, but extends to other metabolites. Attempts to bypass blocks in the respiratory chain by administration of electron acceptors have not been successful, but this may be amenable to genetic engineering. Administration of metabolites and cofactors is the mainstay of real-life therapy and is especially important in disorders due to primary deficiencies of specific compounds, such as carnitine or coenzyme Q10. There is increasing interest in the administration of reactive oxygen species scavengers both in primary mitochondrial diseases and in neurodegenerative diseases directly or indirectly related to mitochondrial dysfunction. Aerobic exercise and physical therapy prevent or correct deconditioning and improve exercise tolerance in patients with mitochondrial myopathies due to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations. Gene therapy is a challenge because of polyplasmy and heteroplasmy, but interesting experimental approaches are being pursued and include, for example, decreasing the ratio of mutant to wild-type mitochondrial genomes (gene shifting), converting mutated mtDNA genes into normal nuclear DNA genes (allotopic expression), importing cognate genes from other species, or correcting mtDNA mutations with specific restriction endonucleases. Germline therapy raises ethical problems but is being considered for prevention of maternal transmission of mtDNA mutations. Preventive therapy through genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis is

  3. Peritonitis: laparoscopic approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agresta Ferdinando

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Laparoscopy has became as the preferred surgical approach to a number of different diseases because it allows a correct diagnosis and treatment at the same time. In abdominal emergencies, both components of treatment – exploration to identify the causative pathology and performance of an appropriate operation – can often be accomplished via laparoscopy. There is still a debate of peritonitis as a contraindication to this kind of approach. Aim of the present work is to illustrate retrospectively the results of a case-control experience of laparoscopic vs. open surgery for abdominal peritonitis emergencies carried out at our institution. Methods From January 1992 and January 2002 a total of 935 patients (mean age 42.3 ± 17.2 years underwent emergent and/or urgent surgery. Among them, 602 (64.3% were operated on laparoscopically (of whom 112 -18.7% – with peritonitis, according to the presence of a surgical team trained in laparoscopy. Patients with a history of malignancy, more than two previous major abdominal surgeries or massive bowel distension were not treated Laparoscopically. Peritonitis was not considered contraindication to Laparoscopy. Results The conversion rate was 23.2% in patients with peritonitis and was mainly due to the presence of dense intra-abdominal adhesions. Major complications ranged as high as 5.3% with a postoperative mortality of 1.7%. A definitive diagnosis was accomplished in 85.7% (96 pat. of cases, and 90.6% (87 of these patients were treated successfully by Laparoscopy. Conclusion Even if limited by its retrospective feature, the present experience let us to consider the Laparoscopic approach to abdominal peritonitis emergencies a safe and effective as conventional surgery, with a higher diagnostic yield and allows for lesser trauma and a more rapid postoperative recovery. Such features make Laparoscopy a challenging alternative to open surgery in the management algorithm for abdominal

  4. URBAN POLITICS: KEY APPROACHES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ledyaeva Ol'ga Mikhaylovna

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Several approaches that underlie urban politics are discussed in the paper. They include neo-liberalism, political economy discourse, elitist/pluralist debates, and postmodernism. The neoliberal approach focuses on the limited role of the state and individual responsibility. The legal framework protects both the rights and responsibilities of individuals and regulates the operation of the market. It is the market that fosters individual choices and provides goods and services by virtue of the processes which are flexible, efficient and transparent. The political economy approaches (regulation theory, public choice theory, neo-Marxism explain urban politics via the analysis of national and international economic processes and changes in contemporary capitalism. Changes in national and international economies determine what solutions are possible. The discourse has been influenced by the debate on globalization of capital and labour markets. Modern elitism and neopluralism are represented by theories of "growth machines" and "urban regimes". The former focuses on bargaining alliances between political and business leaders in order to manage the urban system and to promote its growth. The latter develops neopluralist explanations of power within local communities with an emphasis on the fragmented nature of the government where local authorities lack comprehensive governing powers. Postmodernism views the city as the site of the crisis of late capitalism which leads to segregation of neighbourhoods onto prosperous areas and ghettoes. In contrast to the modern city, the postmodern city is not defined by its industrial base; rather, it is determined by its consumerist environment of malls and museums, characterized by revivalist architecture. At the same time, the suburban shopping mall and a motorway network make nonsense of the idea of the city as a unique and well-defined space. These and other approaches encompass a wide spectrum of possibilities

  5. Approaching Service Innovation Patterns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea NAGY

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The present paper aims at analyzing the types of innovation in the field of services. First, the concept of innovation is defined and second, field literature is reviewed from the perspective of service innovation. The main types of innovation are identified based on several attempts at defining innovation, the most notable being Schumpeter’s. Thus, it is possible to approach concepts such as product and process innovation, incremental and radical innovation. Another aim has been to regard service innovation as a standout type of innovation.

  6. [Regenerative approach for COPD].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubo, Hiroshi

    2011-10-01

    No treatment to cure of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is available. Regenerative medicine is one of promising areas for this intractable disease. Several reagents and growth factors are known to promote lung regeneration in small animal models. However, regenerative medicines for human lungs are not achieved yet. Recent advances in stem cell biology and tissue engineering have expanded our understanding of lung endogenous stem cells, and this new knowledge provides us with new ideas for future regenerative therapy for lung diseases. Although lungs are the most challenging organ for regenerative medicine, our cumulative knowledge of lung regeneration and of endogenous progenitor cells makes clear the possibilities for regenerative approach to COPD.

  7. Papilledema. An updated approach.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaney González Yglesias

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The term papilledema refers to the edema that appears in the optic papilla after intracranial hypertension. Some of its most frequent causes are intracranial lesions, hydrocephaly, thrombosis venous sinus and meningitis. The increase of intracranial tension is related with the results of the eye´s fundus examination, which are classified differently: incipient, established, chronic, and atrophic, depending on its severity or development. It is indispensable to carry out imaging tests before performing lumbar puncture. This article is an approach to the diagnosis and treatment of this gnoseological entity.

  8. [Cystic pyeloureteritis. Our approach].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castillo Jimeno, J M; González de Garibay, A S; Ruiz Rubio, J L; Sebastián Borruel, J L

    1992-05-01

    We report a case of massive cystic pyeloureteritis that had been diagnosed by ureterorenoscopy in a patient with recurrent urinary infection and episodes of nephritic colic. The reports published in the literature indicate there is no specific treatment for this disease whose etiology is unknown. Its pathogenesis has not been well-established and it is difficult to distinguish from other urothelial filling defects. Although it has also been reported that it may progress to malignancy, we believe that the therapeutic approach should be conservative.

  9. Experimental approaches and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Crasemann, Bernd

    1975-01-01

    Atomic Inner-Shell Processes, Volume II: Experimental Approaches and Applications focuses on the physics of atomic inner shells, with emphasis on experimental aspects including the use of radioactive atoms for studies of atomic transition probabilities. Surveys of modern techniques of electron and photon spectrometry are also presented, and selected practical applications of inner-shell processes are outlined. Comprised of six chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the general principles underlying the experimental techniques that make use of radioactive isotopes for inner-sh

  10. Towards a Dual Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holli, Anne Maria; Harder, Mette Marie Stæhr

    2016-01-01

    countries acknowledged as forerunners in gender equality, which also have ‘fairly strong’ parliamentary standing committees. The results show that both committees on gender equality can be regarded as ‘feminist’ in character and both interact with relevant civil society organisations. Their impact......Drawing on insights from state feminism and legislative studies on parliamentary committees, this article develops a dual approach for the comparative analysis of committees on gender equality. Empirically, it compares the standing committees on gender equality in Denmark and Finland, two Nordic...

  11. The collaboratory approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peskin, A.M.

    1997-04-01

    A {open_quotes}collaboratory{close_quotes} has been defined as a center without walls, in which researchers can perform their work without regard to geographical location. To an increasing degree, engineering design and development is also taking the form of far-flung collaborations among divisions of a plant, subcontractors, university consultants and customers. It has long been recognized that quality engineering education presents the student with an environment that duplicates as much as possible that which the graduate will encounter in industry. To that end, it is important that engineering schools begin to introduce the collaboratory approach in its preparation, and even use it in delivery of subject matter to students.

  12. An evolutionary approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healy, Thomas J.

    1993-04-01

    The paper describes an evolutionary approach to the development of aerospace systems, represented by the introduction of integrated product teams (IPTs), which are now used at Rockwell's Space Systems Division on all new programs and are introduced into existing projects after demonstrations of increases in quality and reductions in cost and schedule due to IPTs. Each IPT is unique and reflects its own program and lasts for the life of the program. An IPT includes customers, suppliers, subcontractors, and associate contractors, and have a charter, mission, scope of authority, budget, and schedule. Functional management is responsible for the staffing, training, method development, and generic technology development.

  13. Interstage Flammability Analysis Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, Jeffrey K.; Eppard, William M.

    2011-01-01

    The Interstage of the Ares I launch platform houses several key components which are on standby during First Stage operation: the Reaction Control System (ReCS), the Upper Stage (US) Thrust Vector Control (TVC) and the J-2X with the Main Propulsion System (MPS) propellant feed system. Therefore potentially dangerous leaks of propellants could develop. The Interstage leaks analysis addresses the concerns of localized mixing of hydrogen and oxygen gases to produce deflagration zones in the Interstage of the Ares I launch vehicle during First Stage operation. This report details the approach taken to accomplish the analysis. Specified leakage profiles and actual flammability results are not presented due to proprietary and security restrictions. The interior volume formed by the Interstage walls, bounding interfaces with the Upper and First Stages, and surrounding the J2-X engine was modeled using Loci-CHEM to assess the potential for flammable gas mixtures to develop during First Stage operations. The transient analysis included a derived flammability indicator based on mixture ratios to maintain achievable simulation times. Validation of results was based on a comparison to Interstage pressure profiles outlined in prior NASA studies. The approach proved useful in the bounding of flammability risk in supporting program hazard reviews.

  14. Approaches for Stereo Matching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takouhi Ozanian

    1995-04-01

    Full Text Available This review focuses on the last decade's development of the computational stereopsis for recovering three-dimensional information. The main components of the stereo analysis are exposed: image acquisition and camera modeling, feature selection, feature matching and disparity interpretation. A brief survey is given of the well known feature selection approaches and the estimation parameters for this selection are mentioned. The difficulties in identifying correspondent locations in the two images are explained. Methods as to how effectively to constrain the search for correct solution of the correspondence problem are discussed, as are strategies for the whole matching process. Reasons for the occurrence of matching errors are considered. Some recently proposed approaches, employing new ideas in the modeling of stereo matching in terms of energy minimization, are described. Acknowledging the importance of computation time for real-time applications, special attention is paid to parallelism as a way to achieve the required level of performance. The development of trinocular stereo analysis as an alternative to the conventional binocular one, is described. Finally a classification based on the test images for verification of the stereo matching algorithms, is supplied.

  15. Diagnostic approaches for cholangiocarcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Cholangiocarcinomas arise from the epithelial cells of the bile ducts and are associated with poor prognosis. Despite new diagnostic approaches, the definite diagnosis of this malignancy continues to be challenging. Cholangiocarcinomas often grow longitudinally along the bile duct rather than in a radial direction. Thus, large tumor masses are frequently absent and imaging techniques, including ultrasound, CT, and MRI have only limited sensitivity. Tissue collection during endoscopic (ERCP) and/or percutaneous transhepatic (PTC) procedures are usually used to confirm a definitive diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma. However, forceps biopsy and brush cytology provide positive results for malignancy in about only 50% of patients. Percutaneous and peroral cholangioscopy using fiber-optic techniques were therefore developed for direct visualization of the biliary tree, yielding additional information about endoscopic appearance and tumor extension, as well as a guided biopsy acquistion. Finally, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) complements endoscopic and percutaneous approaches and may provide a tissue diagnosis of tumors in the biliary region through fine- needle aspiration. In the future, new techniques allowing for early detection, including molecular markers, should be developed to improve the diagnostic sensitivity in this increasing tumor entity.

  16. Modular Approach to Spintronics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camsari, Kerem Yunus; Ganguly, Samiran; Datta, Supriyo

    2015-06-11

    There has been enormous progress in the last two decades, effectively combining spintronics and magnetics into a powerful force that is shaping the field of memory devices. New materials and phenomena continue to be discovered at an impressive rate, providing an ever-increasing set of building blocks that could be exploited in designing transistor-like functional devices of the future. The objective of this paper is to provide a quantitative foundation for this building block approach, so that new discoveries can be integrated into functional device concepts, quickly analyzed and critically evaluated. Through careful benchmarking against available theory and experiment we establish a set of elemental modules representing diverse materials and phenomena. These elemental modules can be integrated seamlessly to model composite devices involving both spintronic and nanomagnetic phenomena. We envision the library of modules to evolve both by incorporating new modules and by improving existing modules as the field progresses. The primary contribution of this paper is to establish the ground rules or protocols for a modular approach that can build a lasting bridge between materials scientists and circuit designers in the field of spintronics and nanomagnetics.

  17. Advanced intelligence and mechanism approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHONG Yixin

    2007-01-01

    Advanced intelligence will feature the intelligence research in next 50 years.An understanding of the concept of advanced intelligence as well as its importance will be provided first,and detailed analysis on an approach,the mechanism approach.suitable to the advanced intelligence research will then be flolowed.And the mutual relationship among mechanism approach,traditional approaches existed in artificial intelligence research,and the cognitive informatics will be discussed.It is interesting to discover that mechanism approach is a good one to the Advanced Intelligence research and a tmified form of the existed approaches to artificial intelligence.

  18. The Point Approach and the Phrase Approach to Vocabulary Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘梦媛

    2013-01-01

      As is known to all, vocabulary acquisition plays an essential role in English learning. However, it was supposed very dif⁃ficult to many Chinese learners. For the reason that so many kinds of approaches exists in the real life, English learners are always do not know which one is suitable and more effective. To solve this problem, the paper will analyze two approaches (point approach and phrase approach) for you.

  19. A multivariate approach in measuring innovation performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elżbieta Roszko-Wójtowicz

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this research is to propose a procedure of innovativeness measurement, taking Summary Innovation Index methodology as a starting point. In contemporary world, innovative activity is perceived as a source of competitiveness and economic growth. New products, utility models, trademarks and creative projects are an important element of present socio-economic reality. In particular, authors focus on selection and application of multivariable statistical analysis to distinguish factors influencing innovativeness of EU economies to the highest degree. The result of quantitative analyses is linear ordering of EU countries by the level of their innovativeness based on the reduced set of diagnostic variables. The rating was compared with the outcome presented in Innovation Union Scoreboard (IUS with Summary Innovation Index (SII. Conducted analysis proves a convergence between authors’ results and existing ratings of innovativeness. Nevertheless, the main conclusion is that the methodology of innovativeness assessment remains an open issue and requires further research. Especially, it should first and foremost concentrate on deeper verification of a small set of variables that have the strongest impact on innovativeness. It is both, in economic and social interest, to get a clear picture of innovativeness driving forces.

  20. Bioengineering a conceptual approach

    CERN Document Server

    Pavlovic, Mirjana

    2015-01-01

    This book explores critical principles and new concepts in bioengineering, integrating the biological, physical and chemical laws and principles that provide a foundation for the field. Both biological and engineering perspectives are included, with key topics such as the physical-chemical properties of cells, tissues and organs; principles of molecules; composition and interplay in physiological scenarios; and the complex physiological functions of heart, neuronal cells, muscle cells and tissues. Chapters evaluate the emerging fields of nanotechnology, drug delivery concepts, biomaterials, and regenerative therapy. The leading individuals and events are introduced along with their critical research. Bioengineering: A Conceptual Approach is a valuable resource for professionals or researchers interested in understanding the central elements of bioengineering. Advanced-level students in biomedical engineering and computer science will also find this book valuable as a secondary textbook or reference.

  1. Microscopic approach to polaritons

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skettrup, Torben

    1981-01-01

    contrary to experimental experience. In order to remove this absurdity the semiclassical approach must be abandoned and the electromagnetic field quantized. A simple microscopic polariton model is then derived. From this the wave function for the interacting exciton-photon complex is obtained...... of light of the crystal. The introduction of damping smears out the excitonic spectra. The wave function of the polariton, however, turns out to be very independent of damping up to large damping values. Finally, this simplified microscopic polariton model is compared with the exact solutions obtained...... for the macroscopic polariton model by Hopfield. It is seen that standing photon and exciton waves must be included in an exact microscopic polariton model. However, it is concluded that for practical purposes, only the propagating waves are of importance and the simple microscopic polariton wave function derived...

  2. Integration a functional approach

    CERN Document Server

    Bichteler, Klaus

    1998-01-01

    This book covers Lebesgue integration and its generalizations from Daniell's point of view, modified by the use of seminorms. Integrating functions rather than measuring sets is posited as the main purpose of measure theory. From this point of view Lebesgue's integral can be had as a rather straightforward, even simplistic, extension of Riemann's integral; and its aims, definitions, and procedures can be motivated at an elementary level. The notion of measurability, for example, is suggested by Littlewood's observations rather than being conveyed authoritatively through definitions of (sigma)-algebras and good-cut-conditions, the latter of which are hard to justify and thus appear mysterious, even nettlesome, to the beginner. The approach taken provides the additional benefit of cutting the labor in half. The use of seminorms, ubiquitous in modern analysis, speeds things up even further. The book is intended for the reader who has some experience with proofs, a beginning graduate student for example. It might...

  3. Radiolab - three different approaches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lønstrup, Ansa

    2012-01-01

    Radiolab – three different approaches The three papers in this ‘suite’ have a special background and context. At the 2010 conference SoundActs in Aarhus the three panellists were each given the task to provide a paper with an analysis of the same sound object, thus exhibiting and contrasting...... contextual investigation. This object was chosen for several reasons. First of all, it is brief (less than 17 seconds), which meant that it was possible to make a detailed analysis; at the same time, though, it is relatively complex, which means that it can accommodate three different analyses. It is a sound......, who methodologically operates within tree levels of investigation: 1) the syntax, 2) the semantic and 3) the ontology level. Accordingly, this analysis is conducted, as if the sound object was performed by a vocal ensemble oscillating ‘between a musical and a speech act’. Torben Sangild’s paper...

  4. Cognitive approaches to emotions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oatley, Keith; Johnson-Laird, P N

    2014-03-01

    Cognitive approaches offer clear links between how emotions are thought about in everyday life and how they are investigated psychologically. Cognitive researchers have focused on how emotions are caused when events or other people affect concerns and on how emotions influence processes such as reasoning, memory, and attention. Three representative cognitive theories of emotion continue to develop productively: the action-readiness theory, the core-affect theory, and the communicative theory. Some principles are common to them and divergences can be resolved by future research. Recent explanations have included how emotions structure social relationships, how they function in psychological illnesses, and how they are central to music and fiction. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Therapeutic approaches for shankopathies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiaoming; Bey, Alexandra L; Chung, Leeyup; Krystal, Andrew D; Jiang, Yong-Hui

    2014-02-01

    Despite recent advances in understanding the molecular mechanisms of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), the current treatments for these disorders are mostly focused on behavioral and educational approaches. The considerable clinical and molecular heterogeneity of ASD present a significant challenge to the development of an effective treatment targeting underlying molecular defects. Deficiency of SHANK family genes causing ASD represent an exciting opportunity for developing molecular therapies because of strong genetic evidence for SHANK as causative genes in ASD and the availability of a panel of Shank mutant mouse models. In this article, we review the literature suggesting the potential for developing therapies based on molecular characteristics and discuss several exciting themes that are emerging from studying Shank mutant mice at the molecular level and in terms of synaptic function.

  6. The Indirect Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geir H Moshuus

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available How do we do good guesswork at meaning if our informant lives in a secret world? Doing research often includes awkward moments, unforeseen events, and incidents. Here we name some of these “happenstances.” We suggest that happenstances may offer a solution to the problem of meaning discrepancies: The happenstance is one of those moments that allow the researcher to temporarily bridge into the meanings of his or her informant. We have carried out research on marginal youth. In both of our studies, happenstances have turned interview situations upside down. Here we identify how these unforeseen events provided us with valuable insights into our informants’ contexts. We conclude by addressing how these happenstances, though they appear to be a product of pure accident, may become part of a systematic approach in discovering contextual knowledge.

  7. Editorial: Approaching 125.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Sherryl

    2012-02-01

    With this issue, beginning Volume 121, the editorial team shifts from the strong leadership of David Watson to a team under my direction. Approaching 125 years of publication, the Journal of Abnormal Psychology has earned its place as the preeminent outlet for research in psychopathology. With gratitude to the newly assembled team of associate editors (AEs), consulting editors, and ad hoc reviewers, I look forward to guiding the journal through this next term. Nine well-respected scholars have agreed to serve as AEs: Timothy Brown, Laurie Chassin, Jeff Epstein, Jutta Joormann, Pamela Keel, Kate Keenan, Scott Lilienfeld, Angus MacDonald, and Michael Young. The new team is dedicated to working tirelessly to maintain and enhance the journal's esteemed tradition of excellence. Given the well-established strengths of the journal, I will not suggest any fundamental changes.

  8. Laparoscopic approach to hysterectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Nazik

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Modern laparoscopic surgery is widely used throughout the world as it offers greater advantages than open procedures. The laparoscopic approach to hysterectomy has evolved over the last 20 years. Hysterectomies are performed abdominally, vaginally, laparoscopically or, more recently, with robotic assistance. Indications for a total laparoscopic hysterectomy are similar to those for total abdominal hysterectomy, and most commonly include uterine leiomyomata, pelvic organ prolapse, and abnormal uterine bleeding. When hysterectomy is going to be performed, the surgeon should decide which method is safer and more cost-effective. This paper aims to make a review of the indications, techniques and advantages of laparoscopic hysterectomy as well as the criteria to be used for appropriate patient selection.

  9. [Orthopedic approach to asymmetry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bardinet, Etienne; Duhart, Anne-Marie

    2002-06-01

    Asymmetry being a clinical manifestation of various pathologies, the orthopedic attitude greatly varies from one practitioner to another. Thanks to a better knowledge of the etiopathogenesis, the orthopedic approach in some particular cases reveals very effective, either alone or together with other therapeutics. In mandibular laterodeviations most often consecutive to a maxillary contraction, the best treatment is to expand maxilla which will allow a mandibular centric repositioning. This therapy is often achieved early to limit the asymmetric expression of growth and normalize the dental eruption. In unilateral condylar hypoplasias of variable extension, from a simple defect in condylar growth to a hemifacial microsomia, the therapeutic attitude has mostly evolved. A surgical orthodontic protocol can integrate an increasingly significant orthopedic phase in the course of time. Some authors show that a surgical case may be treated originally only with the help of orthopedics. The devices used are of activator or hyperpropulsor type. In unilateral condylar hyperplasias, orthopedic therapy must be considered with reservations.

  10. Slurry pipeline design approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Betinol, Roy; Navarro R, Luis [Brass Chile S.A., Santiago (Chile)

    2009-12-19

    Compared to other engineering technologies, the design of a commercial long distance Slurry Pipeline design is a relatively new engineering concept which gained more recognition in the mid 1960 's. Slurry pipeline was first introduced to reduce cost in transporting coal to power generating units. Since then this technology has caught-up worldwide to transport other minerals such as limestone, copper, zinc and iron. In South America, the use of pipeline is commonly practiced in the transport of Copper (Chile, Peru and Argentina), Iron (Chile and Brazil), Zinc (Peru) and Bauxite (Brazil). As more mining operations expand and new mine facilities are opened, the design of the long distance slurry pipeline will continuously present a commercially viable option. The intent of this paper is to present the design process and discuss any new techniques and approach used today to ensure a better, safer and economical slurry pipeline. (author)

  11. Management practice: phenomenological approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myriam Siqueira da Cunha

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This work has the aim of understanding the lived experiences by managers in relation to organizational changes in an enterprise in the food area, located in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The role of managers has been constantly evaluated and their capacity of continuous learning and also the ability of transforming the learning in good organizational results is reacquired every instant. In this work, my intention is to show, using an interpretative analysis, real and practical situations, from lived experiences. The methodological way followed was the hermeneutic phenomenological approach, trying to give a global and a contextual treatment to the theme. The results achieved offer subsides for a new look over the management practice and point out the importance of the study of what is lived, as an inspiration source for the strategic decisions in the enterprises.

  12. Chemical Weapons Improved Response Program (CWIRP) Playbook. Guidelines for Responding to and Managing a Chemical Weapons of Mass Destruction Terrorist Event

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-12-01

    deadly to responders. This danger is magnified in the presence of an invisible , super-toxic, chemical warfare agent. This section outlines key issues...Celsius/Centigrade CAD Computer-Aided Dispatch CAM Chemical Agent Monitor CANA Convulsant Antidote for Nerve Agent (diazepam) C/B Chemical and/or

  13. Approaching attometer laser vibrometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rembe, Christian; Kadner, Lisa; Giesen, Moritz [Research and Development, Polytec GmbH, Polytec Platz 1-7, 76337 Waldbronn (Germany)

    2014-05-27

    The heterodyne two-beam interferometer has been proven to be the optimal solution for laser-Doppler vibrometry regarding accuracy and signal robustness. The theoretical resolution limit for a two-beam interferometer of laser class 3R (up to 5 mW visible measurement-light) is in the regime of a few femtometer per square-root Hertz and well suited to study vibrations in microstructures. However, some new applications of RF-MEM resonators, nanostructures, and surface-nano-defect detection require resolutions beyond that limit. The resolution depends only on the noise and the sensor sensitivity to specimen displacements. The noise is already defined in nowadays systems by the quantum nature of light for a properly designed optical sensor and more light would lead to an inacceptable influence like heating of a very tiny structure. Thus, noise can only be improved by squeezed-light techniques which require a negligible loss of measurement light which is impossible for almost all technical measurement tasks. Thus, improving the sensitivity is the only possible path which could make attometer laser vibrometry possible. Decreasing the measurement wavelength would increase the sensitivity but would also increase the photon shot noise. In this paper, we discuss an approach to increase the sensitivity by assembling an additional mirror between interferometer and specimen to form an optical cavity. A detailed theoretical analysis of this setup is presented and we derive the resolution limit, discuss the main contributions to the uncertainty budget, and show a first experiment proving the sensitivity amplification of our approach.

  14. Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Approaches for Drug Addiction Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction Email Facebook Twitter Revised July 2016 NOTE: This ... treatment options in your state. What is drug addiction? Drug addiction is a chronic disease characterized by ...

  15. SOME REFLECTIONS ON STRUCTURAL APPROACH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GuiQingyang

    1997-01-01

    The present paper is intended to expound the advantages and disadvantages of the trathtional Structural Approach in the Chinese context and discuss the necessity and feasibility of implementing the Communicative Approach and the Self--service Approach,both of which evaluate highly the position of subjective activity in learning and bring the obligation of professional development back to learners themselves,KEY WORD approach structural communicative self service critique adaptadopt

  16. Pragmatic approaches to genetic screening.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mallia, P.; Have, H.A.M.J. ten

    2005-01-01

    Pragmatic approaches to genetic testing are discussed and appraised. Whilst there are various schools of pragmatism, the Deweyan approach seems to be the most appreciated in bioethics as it allows a historical approach indebted to Hegel. This in turn allows the pragmatist to specify and balance prin

  17. A Narrative Approach to Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Anne

    2003-01-01

    In this paper I present a narrative approach to environmental education research. This approach evolved through a dynamic interplay between research questions, theory, experience, conversation, and reflection. I situate the approach with respect to narrative inquiry and clarify the key conceptual metaphors underpinning my study, including…

  18. Part 1: Participatory Ergonomics Approach to Waste Container Handling Utilizing a Multidisciplinary Team

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zalk, D.M.; Tittiranonda, P.; Burastero, S.; Biggs, T.W.; Perry, C.M.; Tageson, R.; Barsnick, L.

    2000-02-07

    This multidisciplinary team approach to waste container handling, developed within the Grassroots Ergonomics process, presents participatory ergonomic interpretations of quantitative and qualitative aspects of this process resulting in a peer developed training. The lower back, shoulders, and wrists were identified as frequently injured areas, so these working postures were a primary focus for the creation of the workers' training. Handling procedures were analyzed by the team to identify common cycles involving one 5 gallon (60 pounds), two 5 gallons (60 and 54 pounds), 30 gallon (216 pounds), and 55 gallon (482 pounds) containers: lowering from transporting to/from transport vehicles, loading/unloading on transport vehicles, and loading onto pallet. Eleven experienced waste container handlers participated in this field analysis. Ergonomic exposure assessment tools measuring these field activities included posture analysis, posture targeting, Lumbar Motion Monitor{trademark} (LMM), and surface electromyography (sEMG) for the erector spinae, infraspinatus, and upper trapezius muscles. Posture analysis indicates that waste container handlers maintained non-neutral lower back postures (flexion, lateral bending, and rotation) for a mean of 51.7% of the time across all activities. The right wrist was in non-neutral postures (radial, ulnar, extension, and flexion) a mean of 30.5% of the time and the left wrist 31.4%. Non-neutral shoulder postures (elevation) were the least common, occurring 17.6% and 14.0% of the time in the right and left shoulders respectively. For training applications, each cycle had its own synchronized posture analysis and posture target diagram. Visual interpretations relating to the peak force modifications of the posture target diagrams proved to be invaluable for the workers' understanding of LMM and sEMG results (refer to Part II). Results were reviewed by the team's field technicians and their interpretations were developed

  19. APPROACH TO ORGANIC ACIDEMIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholamreza ZAMANI

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Organic acidemias, also known as organic acidurias, are a group of disorders characterized by increased excretion of organic acids in urine. They result primarily from deficiencies of specific enzymes in the breakdown pathways of amino acids or from enzyme deficiencies in beta oxidation of fatty acids or carbohydrate metabolism. Organic acids also are found in the urine of some patients with mitochondrial disease.Most organic acidemias become clinically apparent during the newborn period or early infancy. After an initial period of well-being, affected children develop a life-threatening episode of metabolic acidosis characterized by an increased anion gap. This presenting episode may be mistaken for sepsis, and if unrecognized, is associated with significant mortality.Children with an organic acidemia are susceptible to metabolic decompensation during episodes of increased catabolism, such as intercurrent illness, trauma, or surgery. Parents and clinicians must be well informed about the initial signs of decompensation and trained in applying an emergency regimen . Surgeons and anesthesiologists should be aware of potential complications and their prevention during anesthesia and surgery.Diagnosis has been facilitated through the use of gas chromatograph-mass spectrometry (GC-MS and tandem mass spectrometry .Prenatal diagnosis is available for most disorders by detection of diagnostic compounds in amniotic fluid; by analysis of enzyme activities in amniocytes or chorionic villi; by molecular analysis; or by a combination of the three . Diagnosis also may be made through newborn screening by tandem mass spectrometry .Laboratory findings are an essential part of the diagnostic approach to organic acidemias. In most organic acidemias, metabolism of glucose, ketone bodies, and ammonia is deranged primarily or secondarily, in addition to derangement of the acid-base balance. Hypoglycemia, lactic and/or ketoacidosis, and hyperammonemia of varying

  20. Approach focused on people

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roa Ruben

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Family and community medicine assumes a new epistemological landmark that also provides the use of instruments and tools related to it. This care model permits carrying out a visit where all categories which the health-disease process is expressed are present. Family Medicine intends to combine both visions and, for such, it gifts elements to incorporate disease as an essential part of our patient's approach systematic being the main focus the approach by problems, which is nothing but that which concerns the individual, his family or the physician, or all of them, and at times there will be nuisances while at other times, there will be diseases, and mil in other instances, all of them will co-exist. It is known that the impact of a health problem on an individual affects not only himself, but also his surroundings. In turn, the environment around this individual can act as the origin or perpetuator of the crisis, or else serve to help in solving the conflict. Distinct tools serve the purpose of knowing the context in which health crisis is developed, such as: genogram, individual and family vital cycle. Every time two people communicate, the agreement or disagreement generate possible variables. In the physician-patient relationship, this is no exception. Values, beliefs, feelings, and information of each individual different and physicians not necessarily in agreement in several issues during a visit. The objective is the need to achieve a minimum of agreements so that this visit has therapeutic effectiveness, thus being if/rpm -taw to find a common territory. Relations in general involve power; care, feelings, trust and goals. The objective in this type of relationship must be obviously shared ly both and cannot be any other than that of achieving, the highest level of health to our patient. So, our specialty, considered of low complexity, becomes a highly cognitive complexity, special and there is no doubt that it is a lot easier to handle