WorldWideScience

Sample records for platforms offshore requires

  1. Advanced offshore oil platforms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ellers, F.S.

    1982-04-01

    Four innovative offshore platforms that are designed to withstand 100-foot waves in waters 600-feet deep are described. These platforms are: (1) Stratfjord B Concrete Gravity-Base Platform; (2) Magnus Steel-Template-Jacket Platform; (3) Hutton Tension-Leg Platform; and (4) Block 280 Guyed Tower. The Statfjord B platform, designed in Norway, rests on four massive concrete columns with storage tanks at the base. It depends solely on its own mass for stability. The Magnus platform, designed by the British, is the heaviest offshore platform yet fabricated, weighing 41,000 tons. Two of the platform's four legs will incorporate flotation chambers so that the structure can be floated to its site in the North Sea. The Hutton structure, also designed in England, will consist of a buoyant hull tethered to the sea floor by slender steel tubes at its four corners. The first platform of its type, the Hutton structure is also destined for the North Sea. The US designed Block 280 guyed tower is designed for service in the Gulf of Mexico in water 1000 feet deep. It will be pinned to the sea floor by a spokelike array of 20 steel cables, each one more than 3000 feet long. The tower and its guys will weigh 43,000 tons, slightly more than the Magnus steel-template jacket and more than four time as much as the Eiffel Tower. At a cost of approximately $2.6 billion, the Magnus is the most expensive offshore platform to date. The Statfjord B was put into production in 1982. The Magnus is scheduled for oil production in 1983. The Hutton and the Block 280 will both be producing in 1984. (JMT)

  2. Analysis of offshore jacket platform

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Harish, N.; Mandal, S.; Shanthala, B.; Rao, S.

    -Rohman, M., ‘Multi-loop feedback control of offshore steel jacket platforms’, Computers & Structures 70, 1999, 185–202. 11.Yamamoto, I., Terada, Y., and Yokokura, K., ‘An application of a position keeping control system to floating offshore platform...

  3. New offshore platform in the Mexican Gulf

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beisel, T.

    1982-04-01

    After a construction period of only 10 months, the second steel Offshore platform was recently completed in the Mexican Gulf. The pattern for this structure was the Cognac platform. The erection of the new platform, called the 'Cerveza' platform, is described in the article.

  4. DESIGN OF OFFSHORE CONCRETE GRAVITY PLATFORMS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    loads from earth-quake for (earth-quake prone zones) are deployed to archive the design and ... Keywords: concrete gravity platform, offshore, foundation design, manufacturing, construction .... resistance to wind offered by such ice accumu-.

  5. INTERNAL CORROSION MONITORING IN OFFSHORE PLATFORMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Benedicto Mainier

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Corrosion is one of the main causes of failures in equipment and pipes in off-shore oil production. These failures harm the process, slow the production operational chronogram, and generate high costs of maintenance, beyond generation risks to health and environment. Due to the fact that most of the equipment, tubing and pipes of production platforms are made of steel, in general, carbon steel, the industry of petroleum exploration will always coexist with the corrosive process. The use of a Corrosion Monitoring Plan to diagnostic, to control and to manage the evolution of corrosives process in off-shore oil platforms is the strategy proposed in this work to prevent problems as described above. The Internal Corrosion Monitoring Plan (ICMP, is based on lab analysis of the corrosively of fluids and residues showed periodically in off-shore operational platform; in the corrosion rate determined by the periodic use of test bodies installed inside off-shore oil platforms tubing systems, as mass loss coupons and electric resistance probes; and finally, in periodic operational data collect obtained during the off-shore oil platform systems operation. The ICMP will direct and manage the actions to be taken in case of aggravation of a corrosive process, quickly identifying to the corrosive mechanisms and its localization in the various systems of the platforms. The optimized use of the corrosion inhibitor and other chemical products are one of the main advantages of the ICMP.

  6. Model refinement for offshore platforms: Experimental study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Min; Chen, Zongli; Wu, Yanjian

    2017-08-01

    Offshore jacket platforms are widely used in offshore oil and gas exploitation. Finite element models of such structures need to have many degrees of freedom (DOFs) to represent the geometrical detail of complex structures, thereby leading to incompatibility in the number of DOFs of experimental models. To bring them both to the same order while ensuring that the essential eigen- properties of the refined model match those of experimental models, an extended model refinement procedure is presented in this paper. Vibration testing of an offshore jacket platform model is performed to validate the applicability of the proposed approach. A full-order finite element model of the platform is established and then tuned to meet the measured modal properties identified from the acceleration signals. Both model reduction and modal expansion methods are investigated, as well as various scenarios of sensor arrangements. Upon completion of the refinement, the updated jacket platform model matches the natural frequencies of the measured model well.

  7. Dynamic Analysis of Offshore Spar Platforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. K. Jain

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Offshore spar platform is a compliant offshore floating structure used for deep water applications for drilling, production, processing, storage and offloading of ocean deposits. The offshore spar platform is modelled as a rigid body with six degrees-of-freedom (DOFs, connected to the sea bed by multicomponent catenary cables which consist of a mooring line, a clump weight, and an anchor line attached to the fairlcads. The response-dependent stiffness matrix consists of three parts: (i the restoring hydrostatic force, and the stiffness due to cables. (ii nonlinear horizontal springs, and (iii nonlinear vertical springs. A unidirectional regular wave model is used for computing the incident wave kinematics by Airy's wave theory and  hydrodynamic force by Morison's equation. The response analysis is performed in timc domain using the iterative incremental Newmark's method. Numerical studies have been conducted for sea state conditions with and without coupling of DOFs.

  8. Modal Parameter Identification of Offshore Platforms under Ambient Excitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Hezhen(杨和振); Li Huajun

    2004-01-01

    This paper intends to identify the modal parameters of an offshore platform under ambient excitation, and to compare the identified results with theoretical solutions. Using ambient sources of excitation to determine the modal characteristics of large civil engineering structures is desirable for several reasons. The forced vibration testing of such structures generally requires a large amount of specialized equipment and makes the tests quite expensive. Also, an automated health monitoring system for a large civil structure will most likely use ambient excitation. The Eigensystem Realization Algorithm (ERA) is applied in conjunctied acceleration information. Finally, offshore platform numerical model gets output response data under ambient excitation. Simulated data from numerical model of an offshore platform under ambient excitation is used for the identification of the system. According to the comparison results, the proposed method is shown to be effective for modal parameter identification under ambient excitation.

  9. An Experimental Study of an Offshore Platform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brincker, Rune; Asmussen, John Christian; Andersen, Palle

    This report describes the results of an analysis of the ambient response data collected from a Venezuelan near-shore offshore platform constructed in 1992. Recording of the data have been constantly done during the period from May 1993 to July 1994. Using these data the structural integrity...... of the multi-pile offshore platform is investigated by using a vibration based damage detection scheme. Changes in structural integrity are assumed to be reflected in the modal parameters estimated from only output data using an Auto-Regressive Moving Average (ARMA) model. Before the calibration of the ARMA...... model the quality of the measured data have been investigated. The estimated modal parameters and their corresponding variances are used as input to a probability based damage indicator. This indicator indicates, that since the construction of the platform, minor structural changes have taken place....

  10. Offshore Wind Park Connection to an HVDC Platform, without using an AC Collector Platform

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad, Haseeb

    2012-01-01

    This thesis investigates the comparison between two different alternating current topologies of an offshore wind farms connection to an offshore high voltage direct current (HVDC) converter platform. The offshore high voltage direct current converter platform converts alternating current into direct current. Two different topologies will be investigated. In the first topology, the offshore wind farms are connected to an HVDC converter platform through offshore AC collector platform. An offsho...

  11. Offshore platform integration and floatover technology

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Gengshen

    2017-01-01

    This book discusses offshore platform integration technology, focusing on the floatover methodology and its applications. It also addresses topics related to safety and cost-effectiveness, as well as ensuring the success of a project through careful planning and established detailed operation procedure/working manuals, which are rarely found in the published literature. Unlike other publications in this area, the book not only includes details of technology development, but also presents real project cases in the discussion to make it more comprehensible. Each topic is illustrated with carefully created sketches to show the complex operation procedures. .

  12. Standardization of Meteorological Data from FINO Offshore Platforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leiding, Tina; Bastigkeit, Ilona; Bégué, Friederike; Gates, Lydia; Herklotz, Kai; Müller, Stefan; Neumann, Thomas; Schwenk, Patrick; Senet, Christian; Tinz, Birger; Wilts, Friedrich

    2015-04-01

    In order to investigate conditions for offshore wind power generation in the German coastal waters, three research platforms were constructed in the North Sea (FINO1 and 3) and the Baltic Sea (FINO2). Measurement masts at each offshore platform are equipped with a range of meteorological sensors at heights of 30 to 100 m above sea level. Standardized analysis and interpretation of the data is necessary to compare the results of the different platforms and will improve the knowledge of the marine ambient conditions at the three locations. International Electrotechnical Commission Standards (IEC) cannot always be applied as some requirements are not applicable to offshore masts e.g. due to the wake of the structure. In the FINO-Wind project, therefore, a standardization method is developed. Recorded measurement data are checked automatically on the basis of a comprehensive quality control. The routine starts with a formal check, followed by climatological, temporal, repetition, and consistency checks. After successful completion of each sequence, the data are assigned standardized quality flags. By default, 10-minute data are processed. A special focus is on mast effects on the wind data of the three masts due to the different shapes of the construction (square or triangular shapes and different boom structures). These effects are investigated in comparison with wind tunnel measurements, LiDAR, Computational Fluid Dynamics calculations, and a 'uniform ambient flow mast correction' method. An adjustment for such effects will be applied to all wind data. The comparison of sensor equipment, its installation and orientation as well as of the mast constructions will lead to suggestions on how wind measurements at offshore platforms mast can be improved. The research project FINO-Wind is funded under the 'Wind Energy' initiative of the German Federal Ministry for the Economic Affairs and Energy for the period 2013 to 2015. For further information see www.dwd.de/fino-wind.

  13. Wireless sensing experiments for structural vibration monitoring of offshore platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan YU; Jinping OU

    2008-01-01

    In order to validate the feasibility of applying wireless sensing technique to structural monitoring of offshore platform,the experiment of wireless sensor network on offshore platform is presented in this paper.First,wireless sensor network and its topology structure is put forward,and the design of sensor nodes,base station,communication protocol is discussed according to selfdeveloped wireless sensor network.Second,true offshore platform and its experimental model are introduced.Finally,wireless sensing experiment for offshore platform structure is completed and the analysis of the experimental result is given.The research shows that wireless sensor network applied to offshore platform can reflect the vibration of the structure;the sensor nodes are fixed and removed expediently,which saves the cost of signal line as well as installation time.

  14. Fuzzy Control of Structural Vibration for Offshore Platforms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOUYa-jun; ZHAODe-you

    2004-01-01

    During the past three decades, fuzzy logic feedback control systems have been utilized for the suppression of structural vibration in numerous studies. With the main advantages of the fuzzy controller, the inherent robustness and ability to handle nonlinearity, uncertainty and imprecision of the structure, active structural control of offshore platforms is accomplished. The robustness of the controller has been demonstrated through the uncertainty in damping ratios of the platforms. The study suggests that the proposed fuzzy control algorithm of structural vibration for offshore platforms is effective and feasible,thus improving both serviceability and survival. This present method undoubtedly provides an efficient way of the active control for offshore platforms.

  15. Design of Access Platforms for Offshore Windturbines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Thomas Lykke; Frigaard, Peter

    2007-01-01

    A large number of offshore windmill farms have been constructed, more are currently under construction and much more are planned. Therefore, a lot of research is going on within the design of offshore windmills and their foundation....

  16. Component Reliability Assessment of Offshore Jacket Platforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.J. Kurian

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Oil and gas industry is one of the most important industries contributing to the Malaysian economy. To extract hydrocarbons, various types of production platforms have been developed. Fixed jacket platform is the earliest type of production structure, widely installed in Malaysia’s shallow and intermediate waters. To date, more than 60% of these jacket platforms have operated exceeding their initial design life, thus making the re-evaluation and reassessment necessary for these platforms to continue to be put in service. In normal engineering practice, system reliability of a structure is evaluated as its safety parameter. This method is however, much complicated and time consuming. Assessing component's reliability can be an alternative approach to provide assurance about a structure’s condition in an early stage. Design codes such as the Working Stress Design (WSD and the Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD are well established for the component-level assessment. In reliability analysis, failure function, which consists of strength and load, is used to define the failure event. If the load acting exceeds the capacity of a structure, the structure will fail. Calculation of stress utilization ratio as given in the design codes is able to predict the reliability of a member and to estimate the extent to which a member is being utilised. The basic idea of this ratio is that if it is more than one, the member has failed and vice versa. Stress utilization ratio is a ratio of applied stress, which is the output reaction of environmental loadings acting on the structural member, to the design strength that comes from the member’s geometric and material properties. Adopting this ratio as the failure event, the reliability of each component is found. This study reviews and discusses the reliability for selected members of three Malaysian offshore jacket platforms. First Order Reliability Method (FORM was used to generate reliability index and

  17. Load Identification of Offshore Platform for Fatigue Life Estimation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perisic, Nevena; Kirkegaard, Poul Henning; Tygesen, Ulf T.

    2014-01-01

    -assessment of offshore platforms. Structural monitoring systems (SMSs) on offshore structures typically consist of a set of sensors such as strain gauges, accelerometers, wave radars and GPSs, however direct measuring of the actual loading is usually not feasible. One approach is to measure the loads indirectly...

  18. Thermo-economic assessment of the integration of steam cycles on offshore platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nguyen, Tuong-Van; Tock, Laurence; Breuhaus, Peter

    2014-01-01

    The integration of steam bottoming cycles on oil platforms is often seen as a possible route to mitigate the CO2-emissions offshore. In this paper, a North Sea platform and its energy requirements are systematically analysed. The site-scale integration of steam networks is assessed by using therm...

  19. Methodology for development of risk indicators for offshore platforms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oeien, K.; Sklet, S. [SINTEF Industrial Management Safety and Reliability (Norway)

    1999-09-01

    This paper presents a generic methodology for development of risk indicators for petroleum installations and a specific set of risk indicators established for one offshore platform. The risk indicators should be used to control the risk during operation of platforms. The methodology is purely risk-based and the basis for development of risk indicators is the platform specific quantitative risk analysis (QRA). In order to identify high risk contributing factors, platform personnel are asked to assess whether and how much the risk influencing factors will change. A brief comparison of probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) for nuclear power plants and quantitative risk analysis (QRA) for petroleum platforms is also given. (au)

  20. Modeling and analysis of offshore jacket platform

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Mohan, P.; Sidhaarth, K.R.A.; SanilKumar, V.

    This paper details the results obtained from static analysis, considering both operational and ultimate limit state performance characteristics of a jacket platform, designed at Mumbai high basin. The existing platforms at Mumbai high region...

  1. Feedback and Feedforward Optimal Control for Offshore Jacket Platforms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王薇; 唐功友

    2004-01-01

    The optimal control is investigated for linear systems affected by external harmonic disturbance and applied to vibration control systems of offshore steel jacket platforms. The wave-induced force is the dominant load that offshore structures are subjected to, and it can be taken as harmonic excitation for the system. The linearized Morison equation is employed to estimate the wave loading. The main result concerns the existence and design of a realizable optimal regulator, which is proposed to damp the forced oscillation in an optimal fashion. For demonstration of the effectiveness of the control scheme, the platform performance is investigated for different wave states. The simulations are based on the tuned mass damper (TMD) and the active mass damper (AMD) control devices. It is demonstrated that the control scheme is useful in reducing the displacement response of jacket-type offshore platforms.

  2. Modelling, analysis and optimisation of energy systems on offshore platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nguyen, Tuong-Van

    Nowadays, the offshore production of oil and gas requires on-site processing, which includes operations such as separation, compression and purification. The offshore system undergoes variations of the petroleum production rates over the field life – it is therefore operated far from its nominal ...

  3. Nonlinear ultimate strength analysis of fixed offshore platforms for earthquake environments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chang, S.S. [Hudson Engineering Corp., Houston, TX (United States)

    1995-12-01

    The design of an offshore platform usually requires the use of ASME B31.3 and API (American Petroleum Institute) RP 2A design codes. ASME B31.3 addresses the design of pressure piping systems for offshore facilities while API RP 2A ``Recommended Practice for Planning, Designing and Constructing Fixed Offshore Platforms`` (WSD or LRFD) addresses the structural design. This paper first identifies the difference between the ASME B31.3 and API RP 2A on the earthquake load requirements. Second, the paper presents a nonlinear static pushover analysis of a typical fixed offshore platform subject to a ductility level earthquake in 394 ft (120 m) of water depth. The analysis uses a three-dimensional structural model consisting of STRUT, BEAM-COLUMN and LINEAR BEAM elements to determine the structural response while properly accounting for structure-pile-soil interaction effort. Finally, the status of current on-going efforts to implement the API RP 2A code (LRFD version) to the ISO code (International Organization for Standardization), particularly on the earthquake resistant design aspect of fixed offshore the platforms, is briefly reported.

  4. Issues in offshore platform research - Part 1: Semi-submersibles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, R.; Kim, Tae-Wan; Sha, O. P.; Misra, S. C.

    2010-09-01

    Availability of economic and efficient energy resources is crucial to a nation's development. Because of their low cost and advancement in drilling and exploration technologies, oil and gas based energy systems are the most widely used energy source throughout the world. The inexpensive oil and gas based energy systems are used for everything, i.e., from transportation of goods and people to the harvesting of crops for food. As the energy demand continues to rise, there is strong need for inexpensive energy solutions. An offshore platform is a large structure that is used to house workers and machinery needed to drill wells in the ocean bed, extract oil and/or natural gas, process the produced fluids, and ship or pipe them to shore. Depending on the circumstances, the offshore platform can be fixed (to the ocean floor) or can consist of an artificial island or can float. Semi-submersibles are used for various purposes in offshore and marine engineering, e.g. crane vessels, drilling vessels, tourist vessels, production platforms and accommodation facilities, etc. The challenges of deepwater drilling have further motivated the researchers to design optimum choices for semi-submersibles for a chosen operating depth. In our series of eight papers, we discuss the design and production aspects of all the types of offshore platforms. In the present part I, we present an introduction and critical analysis of semi-submersibles.

  5. Offshore Platform Hydrocarbon Risk Assessment – OPHRA: Feasibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duijm, Nijs Jan; Kozine, Igor; Markert, Frank

    This report describes the feasibility demonstration of a new method to perform risk assessments for offshore platforms. This method simulates the following phenomena as concurrent sequences of events using the Arena® Discrete Event Simulation (DES) software (version 14.50.00): • Release, ignition...

  6. Issues in offshore platform research - Part 1: Semi-submersibles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Sharma

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Availability of economic and efficient energy resources is crucial to a nation's development. Because of their low cost and advancement in drilling and exploration technologies, oil and gas based energy systems are the most widely used energy source throughout the world. The inexpensive oil and gas based energy systems are used for everything, i.e., from transportation of goods and people to the harvesting of crops for food. As the energy demand continues to rise, there is strong need for inexpensive energy solutions. An offshore platform is a large structure that is used to house workers and machinery needed to drill wells in the ocean bed, extract oil and/or natural gas, process the produced fluids, and ship or pipe them to shore. Depending on the circumstances, the offshore platform can be fixed (to the ocean floor or can consist of an artificial island or can float. Semi-submersibles are used for various purposes in offshore and marine engineering, e.g. crane vessels, drilling vessels, tourist vessels, production platforms and accommodation facilities, etc. The challenges of deepwater drilling have further motivated the researchers to design optimum choices for semi-submersibles for a chosen operating depth. In our series of eight papers, we discuss the design and production aspects of all the types of offshore platforms. In the present part I, we present an introduction and critical analysis of semi-submersibles.

  7. OVERVIEW AND CLASSIFICATION OF PERMANENT OFFSHORE PLATFORMS FOR WORKING IN ICE CONDITIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Mr. Nikolay A. Taranukha; Mr Andrey S. Mironov

    2016-01-01

    This article is dedicated to permanent offshore platforms for working in ice conditions. The authors focus on creating constructions for working in ice conditions. The article presents drawings of ice-resistant permanent offshore platforms according to their attachment to the seabed. The article also describes the scheme of the general arrangement of the ice-resistant tetrahedral permanent offshore platforms.

  8. The macrofouling on offshore platforms at Ravenna

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Relini, G.; Tixi, F.; Relini, M.; Torchia, G. [Universita degli Studi di Genova-Istituto di Zoologia (Italy). Lab. di Biologia Marina e Ecologia Animale

    1998-12-31

    The fouling which settles on gas platform piles was studied using samples taken in 1993 from the PCWA and ANTARES platforms positioned, at 7 and 10.5 km from the shore respectively and on bottoms at 12 m and 14 m in the Adriatic Sea. For each platform a pile was chosen as representative of the macrofouling found on the whole platform. In March and September 1993 samples were obtained by scraping an area of 600 cm{sup 2} from three or four different aspects (North, East, South, West), at the same depth. Samples were taken at depths of 0.5, 5.5 and 12 m on PCWA and 0.5, 7 and 12 m on ANTARES. Photographs and video recordings taken over the whole length of the chosen pile were used for an additional description of the settlement. On both platforms the macrofouling was characterized by a dominance of mussels from sea surface to a depth of about 10m. Near the bottom of the bivalve Crassostrea gigas, barnacles, hydroids and serpulids were more important. The presence of the bryozoan Schizoporella errata (present only at ANTARES) and the zoanthid Epizoanthus arenaceus (present only at PCWA) were the main differences at this depth. The fouling, or mussel weights, of the two platforms were similar for the two seasons, even though the highest values were registered in September on PCWA (1m) with 1561.3 g/dm{sup 2}, of which 1553 g/dm{sup 2} comprised mussels. A comparison is drawn with a previous fouling experiment (which used one-year panels) carried out in 1975-76. (Author)

  9. Optimum Design of Structure Shape for Offshore Jacket Platforms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FENG Sheng; SONG Yupu; ZHANG Rixiang

    2000-01-01

    With the introduction of the design variables of nodal coordinates, which reflect the embedded depth of the pile and the jacket bed height, a shape optimum design model for offshore jacket platforms is established. A sequential two-level optimum algorithm is developed based on the design variable gradation. On the basis of the finite element method, the sensitivity of the objective function and nodal displacement is analyzed. As an example, the BZ281 oil storage offshore platform, which lies in the Bohai oil field, is designed with the shape optimum model The results are compared with the cross-section optimum design. The tendency of design variables and its reasons in the two methods are analyzed. In the shape optimum design, the value of objective function is obviously smaller than that of the initial design and the cross-section optimum design. Therefore, the advantage of structure shape optimum design for jacket platforms is remarkable.

  10. Hybrid Analysis Approach for Stochastic Response of Offshore Jacket Platforms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金伟良; 郑忠双; 李海波; 张立

    2000-01-01

    The dynamic response of offshore platforms is more serious in hostile sea environment than in shallow sea. In this paper, a hybrid solution combined with analytical and numerical method is proposed to compute the stochastic response of fixed offshore platforms to random waves, considering wave-structure interaction and non-linear drag force. The simulation program includes two steps: the first step is the eigenanalysis aspects associated the structure and the second step is response estimation based on spectral equations. The eigenanalysis could be done through conventional finite element method conveniently and its natural frequency and mode shapes obtained. In the second part of the process, the solution of the offshore structural response is obtained by iteration of a series of coupled spectral equations. Considering the third-order term in the drag force, the evaluation of the three-fold convolution should be demanded for nonlinear stochastic response analysis. To demonstrate this method, a numerical analysis is carried out for both linear and non-linear platform motions. The final response spectra have the typical two peaks in agreement with reality, indicating that the hybrid method is effective and can be applied to offshore engineering.

  11. Offshore Minerals Management Platforms for the Gulf of Mexico (GOM), Geographic NAD83, MMS (2006) [platforms_mms_2006

    Data.gov (United States)

    Louisiana Geographic Information Center — Offshore Minerals Management Platforms for the Gulf of Mexico (GOM). Identifies the location of platforms in GOM. All platforms existing in the database are included.

  12. An Improved CHC Algorithm for Damage Diagnosis of Offshore Platforms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Weiping; WANG Xiaoyan

    2007-01-01

    An improved CHC algorithm is proposed in the paper and it could be used for the damage diagnosis of structures. It breaks the bottle neck of genetic algorithm in the damage diagnosis of large structures and takes a shorter time than the SGA (Standard Genetic Algorithm) in diagnosing structural damage with the same level of error. The case studies show that the algorithm is rapid in convergence and produces satisfactory results in diagnosing both fixed-end beams and jacket offshore platforms.

  13. Torsional Response of the Offshore Platform with TMD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江宜城; 唐家祥

    2001-01-01

    It is pointed out in this paper that the offshore platform could be controlled by means of the Tuned Mass Damper(TMD) if there is torsional vibration in the system. The effectiveness of the location of TMD is quantified with the helpof the response ratio between the peak responses of the system in the presence and in the absence of TMD. In addition,the parameters of frequency and damping ratio of TMD are optimized.

  14. Access Platforms for Offshore Wind Turbines Using Gratings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Thomas Lykke; Rasmussen, Michael R.

    2008-01-01

    The paper deals with forces generated by a stationary jet on different types of gratings and a solid plate. The force reduction factors for the different gratings compared to the solid plate mainly depend on the porosity of the gratings, but the geometry of the grating is also of some importance........ The derived reduction factors are expected to be applicable to design of offshore wind turbine access platforms with gratings where slamming also is an important factor....

  15. Damage Localization of Offshore Platforms Under Ambient Excitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨和振; 李华军; 王树青

    2003-01-01

    In this paper Nondestructive Damage Detection (NDD) for offshore platforms is investigated under operational conditions. As is known, there is no easy way to measure ambient excitation, so damage detection methods based on ambient excitation have become very vital for the Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) of offshore platforms. The modal parameters (natural frequencies, damping ratios and mode shapes) are identified from structural response data with the Natural Excitation Technique (NExT) in conjunction with the Eigensystem Realization Algorithm (ERA). A new method of damage detection is presented, which utilizes the invariance property of element modal strain energy. This method is to assign element modal strain energy to two parts, and defines two damage detection indicators. One is compression modal strain energy change ratio (CMSECR); the other is flexural modal strain energy change ratio (FMSECR). The present modal strain energy is obtained by incomplete modal shape and structural stiffness matrix. Structural health monitoring is thus accomplished via monitoring the elemental CMSECR and FMSECR. Several damage cases are simulated by an offshore platform numerical model, and presented to illustrate the utility of the proposed method. According to the damage localization results, the proposed method is shown to be effective and precise for complex structural damage detection.

  16. Vibration Characteristics of An Offshore Platform and Its Vibration Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李华军; 王树青; 杨永春; 王燕

    2002-01-01

    A template offshore platform, located in the Bohai Bay of China, has exhibited excessive, unexpected vibration un-der mildly hostile sea conditions, which has affected the normal operation of the platform. Since the structure was de-signed to sustain more severe wave climate, the cause of the excessive vibration has been suspected to originate from othersources. The main objectives of this study are to investigate the causes of the excessive vibration, and to explore possibleremedies to solve the problem. In this paper, the vibration behavior of the offshore platform is analyzed by means of finiteelement (FE) modeling, field measurements and laboratory test. Results of analysis suggest that relative movement andimpact between the piles and the jacket legs exist, i.e. the piles and the jacket are not perfectly connected. The discon-nection of the piles and jacket weakens the overall stiffness of the platform, and therefore produces unexpected excessivevibration. In this study, measures for reducing the excessive vibration are proposed to control the response of the platform .

  17. Evaluation of Global Positioning System Data for Offshore Platform Deformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul N. Matori

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Reservoir compaction and shallow gas migration phenomena may cause offshore platform to experience deformation which if happens excessively will affect their structural integrity. Approach: Hence it is crucial to monitor and quantify the magnitude of the deformation especially if they are not uniform throughout the platform structure. However since mostly the offshore platforms are few hundreds kilometers away from shore, the precise monitoring of their deformation is limited to very few sophisticated instruments, in which GPS technology is one of them albeit using very special GPS data processing technique such as Long Baseline Relative Positioning. Results: Using this technique and employing GPS data observed on one of PETRONAS own platform, Pulai, its deformation magnitude will be determined with various options such as number of reference stations used, configuration and their geographic location. This study presents initial deformation processing result using scientific software GAMIT/GLOBK and their analysis utilizing postfit nrms and chi-squared statistics. The result indicated that for the period of two months there was displacement as big as 0.0094 m with standard deviation of 0.0106 m. However following congruency statistical test using t-student distribution with 95% confidence level, indicated that this displacement is insignificance. Analysis of the output result with postfit nrms also indicated that the data were of good quality, the processing procedure was correct and the output for each processing epoch is internally and externally consistent. Conclusion/Recommendations: It could be concluded with correct data processing strategy GPS data could be used to determine deformation magnitude which consequently could be utilized as input to assess structural integrity of an offshore platform.

  18. The seuring of offshore platforms with respect to the German law and US law under special consideration of the applicable right of offshore installations in areas beyond territorial sovereignty; Die Besicherung von Offshore-Windkraftanlagen nach deutschem und US-amerikanischem Recht - unter besonderer Beruecksichtigung des anwendbaren Rechts auf Offshore-Installationen in hoheitsfreien Gebieten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gottschall, Anna Catharina

    2011-07-01

    The power generation from renewable energy resources becomes more and more important. In Germany, the amount of renewable energy resources shall be increased up to 30% in 2020. Wind power has to contribute to this target significantly. This requires the exploitation of offshore platforms for the wind power generation. In Germany as well as in the USA, the exploitation of offshore platforms is still in the early stages. Under this aspect, the author of the contribution under consideration reports on the securing of offshore wind power platforms according to the German law and to the law of the USA under special consideration of the applicable law of offshore platforms in areas beyond territorial sovereignty. The main chapters of this contribution are: (1) State of the art and development of offshore platforms; (2) Financing of wind power plant; (3) Consideration of sea areas in the public international law; (4) The applicable law of property of offshore installations according to the law of the Federal Republic of Germany; (5) The securing of offshore platforms according to the law of the Federal Republic of Germany; (6) The applicable law of property of offshore installations according to the law of the United States of America; (7) The securing of offshore platforms according to the law of the United States of America - under consideration of the law of the Federal State California; (8) Regulations de lege ferenda in the German law; (9) International uniform law - Regulations de lege ferenda.

  19. Application of Risk Probability Evaluation Method to Offshore Platform Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Jianxing; TAN Zhendong

    2005-01-01

    Offshore project risk concerns many influence factors with complex relationship, and traditional methods cannot be used for the evaluation on risk probability. To deal with this problem, a new method was developed by the combination of improved technique for order preference by similarity ideal solution method, analytical hierarchy process method and the network response surface method. The risk probability was calculated by adopting network response surface analysis based on the state variable of a known event and its degree of membership.This quantification method was applied to an offshore platform project, Bonan oil and gas field project in Bohai Bay in June 2004.There were 7 sub-projects and each includes 4 risk factors.The values of 28 risk factors, ranging from 10-6 to 10-4, were achieved. This precision conforms to the international principle of as low as reasonably practically.The evaluation indicates that the values of comprehensive level of construction group and ability of technical personnel on the spot are relatively high among all risk factors, so these two factors should be paid more attention to in offshore platform construction.

  20. Case Study of Integrating an Offshore Wind Farm with Offshore Oil and Gas Platforms and with an Onshore Electrical Grid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei He

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This research project explored the technical feasibility of utilizing an offshore wind farm as a supplementary power source to several electrical grids of offshore oil and gas platforms and providing surplus power to an onshore grid. Three case studies comprising wind farms rated at 20 MW, 100 MW, and 1000 MW have been studied with the focus on (i the operation benefits of CO2/NOx emission reduction, (ii the electrical grid stability, and (iii the technical implementation feasibility. The proposed 20 MW, 100 MW, and 1000 MW wind farm cases are theoretically feasible in terms of the selected technical criteria, although further detailed design operational studies, and economical analysis are required.

  1. Composite support column assembly for offshore drilling and production platforms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pierce, R.H.

    1989-04-18

    This patent describes a support column assembly for an offshore drilling and/or production comprising: means for anchoring the column assembly on the seabed; an elongated cylindrical support column including at least one generally cylindrical column member having a cylindrical wall formed of a composite of elongated filaments of at least one of carbon and boron bonded in a resin matrix, the support column including a plurality of the column members coupled end to end by coupling means at opposite ends of the column members, the coupling means including a plurality of radially project pins for coupling the composite wall to a coupling member interposed between the column members, respectively; and means for connecting the column to a platform for transmitting platform loads between the platform and the anchor means.

  2. Damage Localization of an Offshore Platform considering Temperature Variations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuqing Wang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Modal parameters are sensitive indicators of structural damages. However, these modal parameters are sensitive not only to damage, but also to the environmental variations. Development of vibration based damage detection methodology which is robust to environmental variation is essentially important for the structural safety. The present paper utilizes a recently developed modal strain energy decomposition (MSED method to localize the damage of an offshore structure. A progress of the present paper is to take the temperature variation into consideration and Monte Carlo simulation is introduced to investigate the effect of temperature variation on the robustness of damage localization. Numerical study is conducted on an offshore platform structure considering the temperature variation. Several damage cases, including single and double damage scenarios, are included to investigate the damage localization algorithm. Results indicate that the MSED algorithm is able to detect the damage despite the temperature variations.

  3. Neural Network-Based Active Control for Offshore Platforms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周亚军; 赵德有

    2003-01-01

    A new active control scheme, based on neural network, for the suppression of oscillation in multiple-degree-of-freedom (MDOF) offshore platforms, is studied in this paper. With the main advantages of neural network, i.e. the inherent robustness, fault tolerance, and generalized capability of its parallel massive interconnection structure, the active structural control of offshore platforms under random waves is accomplished by use of the BP neural network model. The neural network is trained offline with the data generated from numerical analysis, and it simulates the process of Classical Linear Quadratic Regular Control for the platform under random waves. After the learning phase, the trained network has learned about the nonlinear dynamic behavior of the active control system, and is capable of predicting the active control forces of the next time steps. The results obtained show that the active control is feasible and effective, and it finally overcomes time delay owing to the robustness, fault tolerance, and generalized capability of artificial neural network.

  4. Nonlinear Behavior of Single Piles in Jacket Type Offshore Platforms Using Incremental Dynamic Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad A. Assareh; Behrouz Asgarian

    2008-01-01

    The operation for offshore oil has become an important issue in the recent years. Offshore platforms are some of those structures which are built to withstand environmental and accidental loads during oil exploitation operation. One of the most usual types of these platforms is the Jacket Type Offshore Platform (JTOP) which can be divided into three important parts, which are Deck, Jacket and piles. In order to increase the safety, particular attention should be paid to ea...

  5. Modelling, analysis and optimisation of energy systems on offshore platforms

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Produktionen af olie og gas på offshore platforme involverer processer såsom separation, behandling og kompression. Indvindingen udviser markante variationer fra år til år, hvilket resulterer i højere energiintensitet, lavere effektivitet og muligvis større energiforbrug. Formålet med dette projekt er at bidrage til en bedre forståelse af hvordan offshoreanlæg skal modelleres, analyseres og optimeres fra et energiperspektiv. Forskningsmæssige udfordringer knytter sig til (i) simulering og eva...

  6. Minimising life cycle costs of automated valves in offshore platforms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yli-Petays, Juha [Metso Automation do Brasil Ltda., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Niemela, Ismo [Metso Automation, Imatra (Finland)

    2012-07-01

    Automated process valves play an essential role in offshore platforms operation. If you are able to optimize their operation and maintenance activities you can receive extensive operational savings with minimal investment. Valves used in offshore platforms doesn't differentiate that much from the valves used in downstream but there are certain specialties, which makes the operations more challenging in offshore: Process valves are more difficult to access and maintain because of space limitations. Also spare part inventories and deliveries are challenging because of offshore platform's remote location. To overcome these challenges usage of digital positioners with diagnostic features has become more common because predictive maintenance capabilities enable possibilities to plan the maintenance activities and this way optimise the spare part orders regarding to valves. There are intelligent controllers available for control valves, automated on/off valves as well as ESD-valves and whole network of automated valves on platforms can be controlled by intelligent valve controllers. This creates many new opportunities in regards of optimized process performance or predictive maintenance point-of-view. By means of intelligent valve controllers and predictive diagnostics, condition monitoring and maintenance planning can also be performed remotely from an onshore location. Thus, intelligent valve controllers provide good way to minimize spending related to total cost of ownership of automated process valves. When purchase value of control valve represent 20% of TCO, intelligent positioner and predictive maintenance methods can enable as high as 30% savings over the life cycle of asset so basically it benefit savings higher than whole investment of monitored asset over its life cycle. This is mainly achieved through the optimized maintenance activities since real life examples has shown that with time based maintenance (preventive maintenance) approach 70% of

  7. Bird interactions with offshore oil and gas platforms: review of impacts and monitoring techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ronconi, Robert A; Allard, Karel A; Taylor, Philip D

    2015-01-01

    Thousands of oil and gas platforms are currently operating in offshore waters globally, and this industry is expected to expand in coming decades. Although the potential environmental impacts of offshore oil and gas activities are widely recognized, there is limited understanding of their impacts on migratory and resident birds. A literature review identified 24 studies and reports of bird-platform interactions, most being qualitative and half having been peer-reviewed. The most frequently observed effect, for seabirds and landbirds, is attraction and sometimes collisions associated with lights and flares; episodic events have caused the deaths of hundreds or even thousands of birds. Though typically unpredictable, anecdotally, it is known that poor weather, such as fog, precipitation and low cloud cover, can exacerbate the effect of nocturnal attraction to lights, especially when coincidental with bird migrations. Other effects include provision of foraging and roosting opportunities, increased exposure to oil and hazardous environments, increased exposure to predators, or repulsion from feeding sites. Current approaches to monitoring birds at offshore platforms have focused on observer-based methods which can offer species-level bird identification, quantify seasonal patterns of relative abundance and distribution, and document avian mortality events and underlying factors. Observer-based monitoring is time-intensive, limited in spatial and temporal coverage, and suffers without clear protocols and when not conducted by trained, independent observers. These difficulties are exacerbated because deleterious bird-platform interaction is episodic and likely requires the coincidence of multiple factors (e.g., darkness, cloud, fog, rain conditions, occurrence of birds in vicinity). Collectively, these considerations suggest a need to implement supplemental systems for monitoring bird activities around offshore platforms. Instrument-based approaches, such as radar

  8. Marine fouling assemblages on offshore gas platforms in the southern North Sea

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stap, van der Tim; Coolen, J.W.P.; Lindeboom, H.J.

    2016-01-01

    Offshore platforms are known to act as artificial reefs, though there is on-going debate on whether this effect is beneficial or harmful for the life in the surrounding marine environment. Knowing what species exist on and around the offshore platforms and what environmental variables influence this

  9. 47 CFR 22.1037 - Application requirements for offshore stations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CARRIER SERVICES PUBLIC MOBILE SERVICES Offshore Radiotelephone Service § 22.1037 Application requirements... 30 days before filing the application: (1) The name, business address, channel coordinator, and... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Application requirements for offshore...

  10. Experiments on an offshore platform model by FBG sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Dongsheng; Li, Hongnan; Ren, Liang; Sun, Li; Zhou, Jing

    2004-07-01

    Optical fiber sensors show superior potential for structural health monitoring of civil structures to ensure their structural integrity, durability and reliability. Apparent advantages of applying fiber optic sensors to a marine structure include fiber optic sensors" immunity of electromagnetic interference and electrical hazard when used near metallic elements over a long distance. The strains and accelerations of the newly proposed model of a single post jacket offshore platform were monitored by fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors. These FBG sensors were attached to the legs and the top of the platform model in parallel with electric strain gauges or traditional piezoelectric accelerometers, respectively. Experiments were conducted under a variety of loading conditions, including underwater base earthquake simulation dynamic tests and static loading tests. Underwater seismic shaking table was utilized to provide the appropriate excitations. The natural frequencies measured by the FBG accelerometer agree well with those measured by piezo-electrical accelerometers. The monitoring network shows the availability of applying different fiber optic sensors in long-distance structural health monitoring with frequency multiplexing technology. Finally, the existing problems of packaging, strain transferring ratio between the bare fiber and the host structure on which the fiber embedded, and installation and protection of fiber optic sensors are emphasized.

  11. Calibration of LRFD Format for Steel Jacket Offshore Platforms in China Offshore Area (1):Statistical Parameters of Loads and Resistances

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The statistical characteristics and parameters of loads and resistances are systematically studied for the development of probabilistic limit state design method for steel jacket offshore platforms in the China offshore area. The mean value, standard variance and distribution pattern of resistances and loads in different base periods are presented. The statistical parameters of structural member resistance, self-weight, deck live load, and environmental loads such as wind, wave, current and ice, which are drawn on a large amount of observation data of offshore environmental factors, and the design data of platforms in China Bohai Sea form the data set, providing a necessary basis for the calibration of load and resistance factors to realize the reliability-based design of jacket platform structures.

  12. Experimental study of tsunami-type waves impact on soil at foundations of offshore gravity platforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.D. Belyaev

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Scouring, caused by waves, currents and races of ship propellers, has been a subject of theoretical investigations, physical modeling in hydraulic laboratories and full-scale experiments in several countries. The results reported on these tests usually recommend formulas and diagrams to determine water velocities that can be used to estimate the risk of scouring and design the required protection measures. The results of the physical modeling of interaction of long tsunami-type waves with an offshore gravity platform are presented in this article. The reaction of seabed soil to wave impact at the platform foundation has been studied and the obtained results have been analyzed. Conclusions about changes in the seabed profile, density of the top layers of the seabed soil and their influence on the platform stability have been made.

  13. PRA-1 offshore platform start-up within seven days; Operacionalizacao da plataforma offshore PRA-1 em sete dias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barbosa, Fernando; Mitidieri, Jorge; Faria, Jose Luis Coutinho de; Ribeiro, Juan Carlos; Moura, Mario Arthur [Construtora Norberto Oderbrecht S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The technologic innovations are very hard features with regards to Offshore Engineering and Construction over the worldwide. The innovations only make sense since they are focus on the high productivity, safe job and cost reduction compared with the current technologies. Inside the scenario mentioned above is Construtora Norberto Odebrecht S.A. concept for the PRA-1 platform Engineering and Construction. Through a very advanced and innovation concept, it was defined as the Main Strategic Planning of the undertaking not use a temporary platform support (named in Brazil as 'Flotel') during the 'Hook-up', commissioning and star-up offshore phase. The success of the strategic made possible through the implementation of new engineering tools, and, besides this, through a very careful offshore planning focused on minimizing and make easier as much as possible the offshore activities. The planning can be basically spitted on the following parts: A- Onshore preparations (Assembly, Integration and Commissioning of the Utilities and Accommodation Modules) B- Offshore detailed planning of the critical activities concerning the start-up of the systems responsible for leaving the platform ready for 'live'. This operation was defined as 'seven days of platform live support' (main target of this paper). (author)

  14. Modeling and Simulation of Offshore Wind Power Platform for 5 MW Baseline NREL Turbine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roni Sahroni, Taufik

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents the modeling and simulation of offshore wind power platform for oil and gas companies. Wind energy has become the fastest growing renewable energy in the world and major gains in terms of energy generation are achievable when turbines are moved offshore. The objective of this project is to propose new design of an offshore wind power platform. Offshore wind turbine (OWT) is composed of three main structures comprising the rotor/blades, the tower nacelle, and the supporting structure. The modeling analysis was focused on the nacelle and supporting structure. The completed final design was analyzed using finite element modeling tool ANSYS to obtain the structure's response towards loading conditions and to ensure it complies with guidelines laid out by classification authority Det Norske Veritas. As a result, a new model of the offshore wind power platform for 5 MW Baseline NREL turbine was proposed.

  15. Modeling and Simulation of Offshore Wind Power Platform for 5 MW Baseline NREL Turbine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roni Sahroni, Taufik

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents the modeling and simulation of offshore wind power platform for oil and gas companies. Wind energy has become the fastest growing renewable energy in the world and major gains in terms of energy generation are achievable when turbines are moved offshore. The objective of this project is to propose new design of an offshore wind power platform. Offshore wind turbine (OWT) is composed of three main structures comprising the rotor/blades, the tower nacelle, and the supporting structure. The modeling analysis was focused on the nacelle and supporting structure. The completed final design was analyzed using finite element modeling tool ANSYS to obtain the structure's response towards loading conditions and to ensure it complies with guidelines laid out by classification authority Det Norske Veritas. As a result, a new model of the offshore wind power platform for 5 MW Baseline NREL turbine was proposed. PMID:26550605

  16. Ultimate Strength of Fixed Offshore Platforms Subjected to Near-Fault Earthquake Ground Vibration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hesam Sharifian

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The pile foundation nonlinearity and its influence on the ultimate capacity of fixed platforms have not comprehensively been covered by previous researchers. In this study, the seismic behavior and capacity of a newly designed and installed Jacket Type Offshore Platform (JTOP located in the Persian Gulf is investigated by conducting Incremental Dynamic Analysis (IDA using a suit of near-fault ground motions. Additionally, two modified models of the original platform are created by slightly increasing the diameter of the pile foundation and also softening the jacket part for evaluating the importance of the pile foundation and seismic soil-pile structure interaction on the dynamic characteristics of the JTOPs. Valuable discussions are provided to explore various aspects of the dynamic behavior of JTOPs by presenting individual and multirecords IDA curves using effective Engineering Demand Parameters (EDPs. Comparing the results of the three platform collapse fragility curves, it is concluded that the pile foundation plays a very important role in the dynamic response of offshore platforms and can drastically alter the ultimate strength of the platform together with its collapse capacity. It is observed that the proportional distribution of nonlinear behavior in the pile foundation and jacket part is the key factor in the enhancement of the ultimate strength of JTOPs. On the basis of the results derived from this paper, it is recommended that some basic requirements should be developed in order to ensure that the coupling ductility of pile foundation and jacket part is optimized during the design process. Furthermore, according to the findings from this study, some practice recommendations are presented to be devised within the design step.

  17. Calibration of LRFD Format for Steel Jacket Offshore Platform in China Offshore Area (2): Load, Resistance and Load Combination Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Dao-cheng; DUAN Zhong-dong; OU Jin-ping

    2006-01-01

    Adopting the load and resistance factor design format, the design method for steel jacket platform structures is developed. Firstly, the limit state equations and design format for steel jacket platform structures are introduced. Then, the ratio of live load effect to dead load effect is estimated. The target reliabilities for design of offshore structures in China offshore area are calibrated by past practice in API RP2A-WSD code. The load and resistance factors are optimized by minimizing the difference within the target reliability and the resulting reliability over the range of load effect ratios. Considering the concurrence of different loads, load combination factors are obtained through an optimization process, and the relation between the load combination factor and load correlation coefficient is established. Finally, the design formulae for steel jacket structures in China offshore area are recommended.

  18. Evaluation of stress resultant of offshore jacket platform using neural network

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Mandal, S.; Hegde, G.; Gupta, K.G.

    The safety of an offshore platform depends on the predicting environmental phenomena such as wind, current, wave, seismic loadings and accurate calculation of responses of the structure to these loads and determining the strength of the structure...

  19. Seismic Response Control of Offshore Platform Structures with Shape Memory Alloy Dampers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Hong-nan; HE Xiao-yu; HUO Lin-sheng

    2005-01-01

    In this study, the seismic response control of offshore platform structures with Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) dampers is investigated. A new SMA damper and its restoring force model are introduced for the calculation of seismic response reduction. Based on an actual platform structure and its mechanical model, the parameters which may affect the rate of shock absorption are analyzed, such as the number, position and characteristics of the SMA dampers andthe condition of the site where the platform is located. The results show that the SMA damper is an effective control device for offshore platforms and satisfactory control can be achieved by proper selection of the parameters.

  20. Efficient Approximate Method of Global Reliability Analysis for Offshore Platforms in the Ice Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Ice load is the dominative load in the design of offshore platforms in the ice zone, and the extreme ice load is the key factor that affects the safety of platforms. The present paper studies the statistical properties of the global resistance and the extreme responses of the jacket platforms in Bohai Bay, considering the randomness of ice load, dead load, steel elastic modulus, yield strength and structural member dimensions. Then, based on the above results, an efficient approximate method of the global reliability analysis for the offshore platforms is proposed, which converts the implicit nonlinear performance function in the conventional reliability analysis to linear explicit one. Finally, numerical examples of JZ20-2 MSW, JZ20-2NW and JZ20-2 MUQ offshore jacket platforms in the Bohai Bay demonstrate the satisfying efficiency, accuracy and applicability of the proposed method.

  1. Detecting damage to offshore platform structures using the time-domain data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG Yuan-sheng; WANG Zhen

    2008-01-01

    A new method that uses time-domain response data under random loading is proposed for detecting damage to the structural elements of offshore platforms. In our study, a time series model with a fitting order was first constructed using the time-domain of noise data. A sensitivity matrix consisting of the first differential of the autoregressive coefficients of the time series models with respect to the stiffness of structural elements was then obtained based on time-domain response data. Locations and severity of damage may then be estimated by solving the damage vector whose components express the degrees of damage to the structural elements. A unique aspect of this detection method is that it requires acceleration history data from only one or a few sensors. This makes it feasible for a limited array of sensors to obtain sufficient data. The efficiency and reliability of the proposed method was demonstrated by applying it to a simplified offshore platform with damage to one element. Numerical simulations show that the use of a few sensors' acceleration history data, when compared with recorded levels of noise, is capable of detecting damage efficiently. An increase in the number of sensors helps improve the diagnosis success rate.

  2. Environmental load factors and system strength evaluation of offshore jacket platforms

    CERN Document Server

    Nizamani, Zafarullah

    2015-01-01

    This book presents a study for the determination of environmental load factors for Jacket Platforms in Malaysia and a methodology to determine the life extension of aging platforms. The simplified methods described here could be used for determining not only structural reliability but also safety factors. Its content is particularly interesting to design and maintenance engineers who are working in offshore or onshore industry.

  3. Load out and offshore lifting of the PRA-1 platform modules; Embarque e icamento offshore dos modulos de PRA-1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barbosa, Fernando; Raigorodsky, Jacques; Mitidieri, Jorge L.U.; Ricardi, Paulo S. [Construtora Norberto Odebrecht S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The technology innovations are characteristics of offshore Engineering around the world. These technologies just make sense when they aim the productivity, security and costs gains compared to ordinary methods. It is in this context that the proposal of the Consorcio PRA-1 (Odebrecht e UTC) team makes sense, in the definition of basic methodology for the PRA-1 platform construction and installation. Through the innovative concept, It was defined (still in the proposal phase) the basic premise that the modules construction and assembly were onshore ending up that just few hours after the offshore installation the modules should be operational in minimal habitability conditions. This innovative method allowed the lack of Flotel, that is a platform which provide support to the offshore construction and assembly (Flotel represents a high costs to the project) and, as consequence, the contract signature by CONSORCIO PRA-1. This work aims to describe the method used for the LOUD-OUT of the PRA-1 modules and the installation of them on the jacket through a vessel provide with cranes the has performed the lifting. Theses operations became unique in Brazil due its challengers characteristics: Module 12 weight = 7203 tf and Module 35 = 5725 tf. For the accomplishment of the Load-out and offshore lifting, was performed a detailed planning and a high level of subcontract interface management. The operations mentioned above were filmed/photographed and published in the specialized media. (author)

  4. Design of self-contained sensor for monitoring of deep-sea offshore platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Yang; Yu, Yan; Zhang, Chunwei; Dong, Weijie; Ou, Jinping

    2013-04-01

    Offshore platform, which is the base of the production and living in the sea, is the most important infrastructure for developing oil and gas resources. At present, there are almost 6500 offshore platforms servicing in the 53 countries' sea areas around the world, creating great wealth for the world. In general, offshore platforms may work for 20 years, however, offshore platforms are expensive, complex, bulky, and so many of them are on extended active duty. Because of offshore platforms servicing in the harsh marine environment for a long time, the marine environment have a great impact on the offshore platforms. Besides, with the impact and erosion of seawater, and material aging, the offshore platform is possible to be in unexpected situations when a badly sudden situation happens. Therefore, it is of great significance to monitor the marine environment and offshore platforms. The self-contained sensor for deep-sea offshore platform with its unique design, can not only effectively extend the working time of the sensor with the capability of converting vibration energy to electrical energy, but also simultaneously collect the data of acceleration, inclination, temperature and humidity of the deep sea, so that we can achieve the purpose of monitoring offshore platforms through analyzing the collected data. The self-contained sensor for monitoring of deep-sea offshore platform includes sensing unit, data collecting and storage unit, the energy supply unit. The sensing unit with multi-variables, consists of an accelerometer LIS344ALH, an inclinometer SCA103T and a temperature and humidity sensor SHT11; the data collecting and storage unit includes the MSP430 low-power MCU, large capacity memory, clock circuit and the communication interface, the communication interface includes USB interface, serial ports and wireless interface; in addition, the energy supply unit, converting vibration to electrical energy to power the overall system, includes the electromagnetic

  5. Finite Element Simplified Fatigue Analysis Method for a Non-tubular Joint of an Offshore Jacket Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qinghua Bao; Heng Feng

    2011-01-01

    This paper proposes the finite element simplified fatigue analysis method for fatigue evaluation of the composite non-tubular joint structure of an offshore jacket subjected to wave loads.The skirt pile sleeve of the offshore jacket,which had been in service,was taken as an example of the non-tubular joint structure.SACS software was used for global analysis of multi-directional wave loads for the jacket platform,and ALGOR software was used to build a finite element model,perform finite element analysis,post-process stress results for acquiring the stress range,and perform fatigue evaluation.The analysis results indicate that the extreme stress range is within the allowable stress range and meets the requirements of DNV code.That means the simplified fatigue analysis method is effective and can be used in fatigue design for the non-tubular joint structure of an offshore jacket.

  6. Adaptive Predictive Inverse Control of Offshore Jacket Platform Based on Rough Neural Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CUI Hong-yu; ZHAO De-you; ZHOU Ping

    2009-01-01

    The offshore jacket platform is a complex and time-varying nonlinear system,which can be excited of harmful vibration by external loads.It is difficult to obtain an ideal control performance for passive control methods or traditional active control methods based on accurate mathematic model.In this paper,an adaptive inverse control method is proposed on the basis of novel rough neural networks (RNN) to control the harmful vibration of the offshore jacket platform,and the offshore jacket platform model is established by dynamic stiffness matrix (DSM) method.Benefited from the nonlinear processing ability of the neural networks and data interpretation ability of the rough set theory,RNN is utilized to identify the predictive inverse model of the offshore jacket platform system.Then the identified model is used as the adaptive predictive inverse controller to control the harmful vibration caused by wave and wind loads,and to deal with the delay problem caused by signal transmission in the control process.The numerical results show that the constructed novel RNN has advantages such as clear structure,fast training speed and strong error-tolerance ability,and the proposed method based on RNN can effectively control the harmfid vibration of the offshore jacket platform.

  7. Nonlinear Behavior of Single Piles in Jacket Type Offshore Platforms Using Incremental Dynamic Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad A. Assareh

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The operation for offshore oil has become an important issue in the recent years. Offshore platforms are some of those structures which are built to withstand environmental and accidental loads during oil exploitation operation. One of the most usual types of these platforms is the Jacket Type Offshore Platform (JTOP which can be divided into three important parts, which are Deck, Jacket and piles. In order to increase the safety, particular attention should be paid to earthquake excitations which are directly applied to the piles of these structures. Nonlinearity in piles and buckling of the struts are important issues which have to be considered by the designers of offshore platforms. The case of nonlinearity in piles and failure capture in these members has not effectively been covered by researchers. Incremental Dynamic Analysis (IDA is a powerful tool to assess the capacity of a structure upon seismic loads. In this paper incremental dynamic analysis has been implemented on single piles considering soil-pile interactions and free field site response. The use of nonlinear materials and lateral load resisting elements in the incremental dynamic analysis done in this paper has made it possible to get promising insights for incorporation of appropriate limit states and applications of performance based engineering. Special Engineering Demand Parameters (EDP and Intensity Measures (IM have been introduced for the single pile dynamic analysis in jacket type offshore platforms.

  8. Ultimate Strength of Fixed Offshore Platforms Subjected to Near-Fault Earthquake Ground Vibration

    OpenAIRE

    Hesam Sharifian; Khosro Bargi; Mohamad Zarrin

    2015-01-01

    The pile foundation nonlinearity and its influence on the ultimate capacity of fixed platforms have not comprehensively been covered by previous researchers. In this study, the seismic behavior and capacity of a newly designed and installed Jacket Type Offshore Platform (JTOP) located in the Persian Gulf is investigated by conducting Incremental Dynamic Analysis (IDA) using a suit of near-fault ground motions. Additionally, two modified models of the original platform are created by slightly ...

  9. 33 CFR 149.535 - What are the requirements for rotating beacons on platforms?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... rotating beacons on platforms? 149.535 Section 149.535 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... EQUIPMENT Aids to Navigation Lights on Platforms § 149.535 What are the requirements for rotating beacons on... rotating beacon that distinguishes the deepwater port from other surrounding offshore structures....

  10. Offshore energy structures for wind power, wave energy and hybrid marine platforms

    CERN Document Server

    Karimirad, Madjid

    2014-01-01

    This book provides all the key information needed to design offshore structures for renewable energy applications successfully. Suitable for practicing engineers and students, the author conveys design principles and best practices in a clear, concise manner, focusing on underlying physics while eschewing complicated mathematical detail. The text connects underlying scientific theory with industry standards and practical implementation issues for offshore wind turbines, wave energy converters and current turbines. Combined concepts such as wave-wind energy platforms are discussed, as well. Cov

  11. Multi-Objective Fuzzy Optimum Design Based on Reliability for Offshore Jacket Platforms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康海贵; 刘未; 翟钢军; 徐发淙; 封盛

    2001-01-01

    In consideration of the fuzzy constraint boundary and through analysis of structural reliability, a model of structural fuzzy optimum design is established based on reliability for offshore jacket platforms. According to the characteristics of offshore jacket platforms, the tolerance coefficient of the constraint boundary is determined with the fuzzy optimization method. The optimum level cut set λ *, which is the intersection of the fuzzy constraint set and fuzzy objective set, is determined with the bound search method, and then the fuzzy optimum solution to the fuzzy optimization problem is obtained. The central offshore platform SZ36-1 is designed with the fuzzy optimum model based on reliability; the results are compared with those from deterministic optimum design and fuzzy optimum design. The tendency of design variables in the above three methods and its reasons are analyzed. The results of an example show that the fuzzy optimum design based on reliability is stable and reliable.

  12. Voltage margin control for offshore multi-use platform integration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mier, V.; Casielles, P.G.; Koto, J.

    terminal VSC-MTDC which includes offshore generation, storage, loads and ac connection, was modeled and simulated in DigSILENT Power Factory software. Voltage margin method has been used for reliable operation of the MTDC system without the need of fast communication. Simulation results show...

  13. Carbonate platform growth and demise offshore Central Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fyhn, Michael B.W.; Boldreel, Lars Ole; Nielsen, Lars H.;

    2013-01-01

    Fault Zone, the Tuy Hoa Carbonate Platform fringes the continental margin between Da Nang and Nha Trang. Here, platform growth initiated during the Early Miocene and continued until Middle Miocene time when regional uplift led to subaerial exposure, termination of platform growth and karstification...... is interpreted as a consequence of regional uplift and denudation of central and south Indochina starting during Middle Miocene time when the Tuy Hoa Carbonate Platform became subaerially exposed. Stressed carbonate growth conditions on the Triton Carbonate Platform probably resulted from increased inorganic...

  14. P-D Effects on the Reliability of Oil Offshore Jacket Platforms in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De León-Escobedo D.

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Given the important economic consequences of an oil platform failure, all the aspects of its structural behavior and safety issues need to be carefully considered. In particular, P-Δ effects on the deck legs of marine offshore jacket platforms may be relevant when the deck height and the vertical load are significant. In this paper, the impact of the moment amplification, due to slenderness of the deck legs, on the platform safety is examined and appraised from the viewpoint of the structural reliability. The formulation is applied to a typical tall deck marine platform under the environmental loading at the Bay of Campeche, Mexico, and its reliability index is calculated with and without the P-Δeffect. The results presented herein may be used to improve the current practice in the design and assessment of offshore marine platforms in Mexico and to update the current version of the code.

  15. Dynamic analysis of the reciprocating compressor package on the offshore platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Y.; Wang, W.; Zhou, Q.; Feng, J.; Jia, X.; Peng, X.

    2017-08-01

    Reciprocating compressor packages are key equipment for the offshore platforms which are used for the pressurization and transportation of natural gas. Dynamic analyses of high-speed and flexible supported offshore compressor packages are more complex than that of compressors on land. The dynamic analysis techniques of the offshore reciprocating compressor package were studied including numerical modelling, excitation forces calculation, support boundary determination of the compressor package and load transmission between the compressor package and the offshore platform. The finite element model of the compressor package with multiple types of elements such as the pipe, beam and shell elements were established. Excitation forces mainly including gas forces inside cylinders, crosshead forces, acoustic shaking forces and unbalanced inertia forces were calculated. In order to investigate the influence of the flexibility of the platform on dynamic characteristics of the compressor package and set reasonable boundaries for the support structure, three kinds of support boundaries were compared. The support points of columns and vertical beams on the layer of deck where the compressor package is installed were determined to be the most suitable ones. Super-element method was applied to implement the load transmission from the compressor package to the platform. The analysis techniques herein were successfully applied to the dynamic analysis of an offshore reciprocating compressor package in an engineering project.

  16. Vertical Wave Impacts on Offshore Wind Turbine Inspection Platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bredmose, Henrik; Jacobsen, Niels Gjøl

    2011-01-01

    on a horizontal inspection platform is computed for five different platform levels. The computational results show details of monopile impact such as slamming pressures from the overturning wave front and the formation of run-up flow. The results show that vertical platform impacts can occur at 20 m water depth....... The dependence of the vertical platform load to the platform level is discussed. Attention is given to the significant downward force that occur after the upward force associated with the vertical impact. The effect of the numerical resolution on the results is assessed. The position of wave overturning is found...... to be influenced by the grid resolution. For the lowest platform levels, the vertical impact is found to contribute to the peak values of in-line force and overturning moment....

  17. A Global Refiability Assessment Method on Aging Offshore Platforms with Corrosion and Cracks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JI Chun-yan; LI Shan-shan; CHEN Ming-lu

    2009-01-01

    Corrosion and fatigue cracks are major threats to the structural integrity of aging offshore platforms.For the rational estimation of the safety levels of aging platforms,a global reliability assessment approach for aging offshore platforms with corrosion and fatigue cracks is presented in this paper.The base shear capacity is taken as the global ultimate strength of the offshore plaffoms,it is modeled as a random process that decreases with time in the presence of corrosion and fatigue crack propagation.And the corrosion and fatigue crack growth rates in the main members and key joints are modeled as random variables.A simulation method of the extreme wave loads which are applied to the structures of offshore platforms is proposed too.Furthermore,the statistics of global base shear capacity and extreme wave loads are obtained by Monte Carlo simulation method.On the basis of the limit state equation of global failure mode,the instantaneous reliability and time dependent reliability assessment methods are both presented in this paper.Finally the instantaueous reliability index and time dependent failure probability of a jacket platform are estimated with different ages in the demonstration example.

  18. Investigation of the effects of platform motion on the aerodynamics of a floating offshore wind turbine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万德成

    2016-01-01

    Along with the flourishing of the wind energy industry, floating offshore wind turbines have aroused much interest among the academia as well as enterprises. In this paper, the effects of the supporting platform motion on the aerodynamics of a floating wind turbine are studied using the open source CFD framework OpenFOAM. The platform motion responses, including surge, heave and pitch, are superimposed onto the rotation of the wind turbine. Thrust and torque on the wind turbine are compared and analysed for the cases of different platform motion patterns together with the flow field. It is shown that the movement of the supporting platform can have large influences on a floating offshore wind turbine and thus needs to be considered carefully during the design process.

  19. Modal Analysis of an Offshore Platform using Two Different ARMA Approaches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brincker, Rune; Andersen, P.; Martinez, M. E.

    1996-01-01

    In the present investigation, multi-channel response measurements on an offshore platform subjected to wave loads is analysed using Auto Regressive Moving Average (ARMA) models. Two different estimation schemes are used and the results are compared. In the first approach, a scalar ARMA model...

  20. Modal Analysis of an Offshore Platform Using Two Different ARMA Approaches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brincker, Rune; Andersen, P.; Martinez, M. E.;

    In the present investigation, multi-channel response measurements on an offshore platform subjected to wave loads is analysed using Auto regressive Moving Average(ARMA) models. two different estimation schemes are used and the results are compared. In the first approach, a scalar ARMA model is us...

  1. Satellite data lift the veil on offshore platforms in the South China Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yongxue; Sun, Chao; Sun, Jiaqi; Li, Hongyi; Zhan, Wenfeng; Yang, Yuhao; Zhang, Siyu

    2016-09-01

    Oil and gas exploration in the South China Sea (SCS) has garnered global attention recently; however, uncertainty regarding the accurate number of offshore platforms in the SCS, let alone their detailed spatial distribution and dynamic change, may lead to significant misjudgment of the true status of offshore hydrocarbon production in the region. Using both fresh and archived space-borne images with multiple resolutions, we enumerated the number, distribution, and annual rate of increase of offshore platforms across the SCS. Our results show that: (1) a total of 1082 platforms are present in the SCS, mainly located in shallow-water; and (2) offshore oil/gas exploitation in the SCS is increasing in intensity and advancing from shallow to deep water, and even to ultra-deep-water. Nevertheless, our findings suggest that oil and gas exploration in the SCS may have been over-estimated by one-third in previous reports. However, this overestimation does not imply any amelioration of the potential for future maritime disputes, since the rate of increase of platforms in disputed waters is twice that in undisputed waters.

  2. Investigation on the Cause of Excessive Vibration of an Offshore Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    An offshore platform of jacket type in Bohai Bay vibrated excessively under design environmental conditions, which had affected the normal operation of the platform. In order to mitigate the vibration of the platform, it is essentially important to explore the cause of the vibration. So the objective of this study is to investigate the cause of the excessive vibration. In this paper, dynamic characteristics of the offshore platform is analyzed by numerical simulation using finite element (FE) modeling. For further verifying the numerical results, model experiment is conducted. Numerical and experimental results demonstrate that there is relative movement and impact between the piles and the jacket, i.e. the piles and the jacket didnt connect well to an entity. It is this cause that the stiffness of the platform decreases and the impact between piles and the jacket legs induces excessive vibration. And also the grouting measure is advised to reduce the vibration of the offshore platform according to the analysis results.

  3. Vertical Wave Impacts on Offshore Wind Turbine Inspection Platforms

    OpenAIRE

    Bredmose, Henrik; Jacobsen, Niels Gjøl

    2011-01-01

    Breaking wave impacts on a monopile at 20 m depth are computed with a VOF (Volume Of Fluid) method. The impacting waves are generated by the second-order focused wave group technique, to obtain waves that break at the position of the monopile. The subsequent impact from the vertical run-up flow on a horizontal inspection platform is computed for five different platform levels. The computational results show details of monopile impact such as slamming pressures from the overturning wave front ...

  4. Finite Element Analysis of Deformed Legs of Offshore Platform Structures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳春图; 秦太验; 段梦兰

    2002-01-01

    The element stiffness matrix of the equivalent beam or pipe element of the deformed leg of the platform is derived bythe finite element method. The stresses and displacements of some damaged components are calculated, and the numeri-cal solutions agree well with those obtained by the fine mesh finite element method. Finally, as an application of thismethod, the stresses of some platform structures are calculated and analyzed.

  5. Design of Structure of Tension Leg Platform for 6 MW Offshore Wind Turbine Based On Fem Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Żywicki Jędrzej

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the calculation and design stages of the TLP platform serving as a supporting construction of a 6 MW offshore wind turbine. This platform is designed to anchor at sea at a depth of 60 m. The authors presented the method of parameterization and optimization of the hull geometry. For the two selected geometry variants, the load and motion calculations of the platform subjected to wind, wave and current under 50-year storm conditions were performed. The maximum load on the structure was determined in these extreme storm conditions. For these loads, the MES calculation of the designed platform was performed for the selected variant. Authors have presented a method for calculating maximum wind, wave and current stresses on the structure during the worst storm in the past 50 years. For these loads the MES endurance calculations of the designed platform were made. Based on the results of these calculations, the required structural changes and recalculations have been made in succession to the structural design of the platform, which meets the design requirements and has the required ad hoc strength. The article contains stress analysis in „difficult“ nodes of constructions and discusses ways of solving their problems. The work is part of the WIND-TU-PLA project from the NCBR Research Agreement (Agreement No. MARTECII / 1/2014.

  6. Energetic aspects and opportunities for reusing water on offshore platforms in Campos Basin, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Magalhães Duarte

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available In the drilling and production of oil at sea, a large quantity of potable water used is most commonly transported to oil platforms using offshore supply vessels (OSVs. Sea water desalination is used as well, but only in a few oil platforms. To minimize energy consumption, water supply options were studied. The desalination of seawater and the reusing of streams of grey water and black water were evaluated and compared with the characteristics of the current supply via OSVs. In both desalination and OSV water supply options an electrolytic wastewater treatment plant is used. The objective of this study was to analyze the current situation regarding water supply on offshore platforms located in the Campos Basin, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and to propose measures to take advantage of opportunities to reuse water and reduce energy expenditure. Two alternative scenarios were developed that involved the reuse of water that comes from the effluent of a biological wastewater treatment plant (WWTP. Information on the logistics of supplying water to platforms was obtained through direct consultation with companies and sources in the literature. The results show that annual energy consumption (uptake, treatment, transportation, use and waste water treatment of water on offshore platforms is currently 1.89 GWh, and that a reduction of 1.8 GWh of the energy consumed can be achieved using advanced reuse treatments. Energy consumption in the water reuse treatment is more competitive than those of transport by OSVs or seawater desalination.

  7. Crack detection in offshore platform structure based on structural intensity approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Xiaojie; Liu, Guijie; Gao, Zhiming; Chen, Pengfei; Mu, Weilei

    2017-02-01

    Structural intensity approach is introduced to study the crack detection for offshore platform in the paper. The Line Spring Model (LSM) of surface crack is proposed based on plate crack structure, and thus the relationship between the additional angle, displacement and crack relative depth is achieved. Besides, the concept of appended structure-borne sound intensity is introduced. The expression of appended structural intensity for crack damage is derived. By observing the input energy, distribution, transmission and vibration performance of structure intensity, evidence is provided for detection of crack location. Vibration analysis is conducted on the whole platform under multi environment load. Using the structural intensity approach, the crack is detected on the key point easily. Moreover, the K-shape welded pipe point is detected using structural intensity approach, and the crack can be detected accurately. Therefore, development structural intensity approach would be extremely useful to spread out technologies that can be applied for offshore platform crack detection accurately.

  8. Development of Jacket Platform Tsunami Risk Rating System in Waters Offshore North Borneo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Lee; MS Liew; NH Mardi; KL Na; Iraj Toloue; SK Wong

    2016-01-01

    This work details the simulation of tsunami waves generated by seaquakes in the Manila Trench and their effect on fixed oil and gas jacket platforms in waters offshore North Borneo. For this study, a four-leg living quarter jacket platform located in a water depth of 63m is modelled in SACS v5.3. Malaysia has traditionally been perceived to be safe from the hazards of earthquakes and tsunamis. Local design practices tend to neglect tsunami waves and include no such provisions. In 2004, a 9.3Mw seaquake occurred off the northwest coast of Aceh, which generated tsunami waves that caused destruction in Malaysia totalling US$25 million and 68 deaths. This event prompted an awareness of the need to study the reliability of fixed offshore platforms scattered throughout Malaysian waters. In this paper, we present a review of research on the seismicity of the Manila Trench, which is perceived to be high risk for Southeast Asia. From the tsunami numerical model TUNA-M2, we extract computer-simulated tsunami waves at prescribed grid points in the vicinity of the platforms in the region. Using wave heights as input, we simulate the tsunami using SACS v5.3 structural analysis software of offshore platforms, which is widely accepted by the industry. We employ the nonlinear solitary wave theory in our tsunami loading calculations for the platforms, and formulate a platform-specific risk quantification system. We then perform an intensive structural sensitivity analysis and derive a corresponding platform-specific risk rating model.

  9. Development of jacket platform tsunami risk rating system in waters offshore North Borneo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, H. E.; Liew, M. S.; Mardi, N. H.; Na, K. L.; Toloue, Iraj; Wong, S. K.

    2016-09-01

    This work details the simulation of tsunami waves generated by seaquakes in the Manila Trench and their effect on fixed oil and gas jacket platforms in waters offshore North Borneo. For this study, a four-leg living quarter jacket platform located in a water depth of 63m is modelled in SACS v5.3. Malaysia has traditionally been perceived to be safe from the hazards of earthquakes and tsunamis. Local design practices tend to neglect tsunami waves and include no such provisions. In 2004, a 9.3 M w seaquake occurred off the northwest coast of Aceh, which generated tsunami waves that caused destruction in Malaysia totalling US 25 million and 68 deaths. This event prompted an awareness of the need to study the reliability of fixed offshore platforms scattered throughout Malaysian waters. In this paper, we present a review of research on the seismicity of the Manila Trench, which is perceived to be high risk for Southeast Asia. From the tsunami numerical model TUNA-M2, we extract computer-simulated tsunami waves at prescribed grid points in the vicinity of the platforms in the region. Using wave heights as input, we simulate the tsunami using SACS v5.3 structural analysis software of offshore platforms, which is widely accepted by the industry. We employ the nonlinear solitary wave theory in our tsunami loading calculations for the platforms, and formulate a platform-specific risk quantification system. We then perform an intensive structural sensitivity analysis and derive a corresponding platform-specific risk rating model.

  10. Loads on Entrance Platforms for Offshore Wind Turbines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frigaard, Peter; Andersen, Thomas Lykke; Ramirez, Jorge Robert Rodriguez

    2010-01-01

    The present paper gives an overview of the performed large scale tests in GWK, Hannover for studying wave run-up generated forces on wind turbine entrance platforms. The run-up height and velocity was measured by use of high speed video recordings supplemented by some wave gauges mounted....... The purpose of all the tests was to study scale effects related to the above items by comparison with small scale tests and also to present new guidelines for design....

  11. Requalification of offshore structures. Reliability analysis of platform

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bloch, A.; Dalsgaard Soerensen, J. [Aalborg Univ. (Denmark)

    1999-03-01

    A preliminary reliability analysis has been performed for an example platform. In order to model the structural response such that it is possible to calculate reliability indices, approximate quadratic response surfaces have been determined for cross-sectional forces. Based on a deterministic, code-based analysis the elements and joints which can be expected to be the most critical are selected and response surfaces are established for the cross-sectional forces in those. A stochastic model is established for the uncertain variables. The reliability analysis shows that with this stochastic model the smallest reliability indices for elements are about 3.9. The reliability index for collapse (pushover) is estimated to 6.7 and the reliability index for fatigue failure using a crude model is for the expected most critical detail estimated to 3.2, corresponding to the accumulated damage during the design lifetime of the platform. These reliability indices are considered to be reasonable compared with values recommended by e.g. ISO. The most important stochastic variables are found to be the wave height and the drag coefficient (including the model uncertainty related to estimation of wave forces on the platform). (au)

  12. Cetacean occurrence near an offshore oil platform in southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Jussara Cremer

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Information about cetaceans in offshore Brazilian waters is scarce, and oil-rigs could provide an important opportunity to obtain new data. The present work was conducted on the P-XIV oil-rig (Petrobrás (26o46’02.2”S; 46o47’02.15”W, located on the border of the continental slope, in an area of 200m depth. In the period between July 2000 and August 2002, 75 sightings of cetaceans were recorded during 38 days of effort. Among the species identified, Tursiops truncatus was the most common, corresponding to 53.3% of the records. Among the misticets, only Balaenoptera acutorostrata was identified with accuracy, with 4 records (5.3%. These were the only species that approached and stayed close to the oil-rig. Many records were made at night, when the gas burner illuminated the area around the oil-rig. We recorded an aggressive interaction involving T. truncatus and B. acutorostrata.

  13. Grid Simulator for Testing a Wind Turbine on Offshore Floating Platform

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gevorgian, V.

    2012-02-01

    An important aspect of such offshore testing of a wind turbine floating platform is electrical loading of the wind turbine generator. An option of interconnecting the floating wind turbine with the onshore grid via submarine power cable is limited by many factors such as costs and associated environmental aspects (i.e., an expensive and lengthy sea floor study is needed for cable routing, burial, etc). It appears to be a more cost effective solution to implement a standalone grid simulator on a floating platform itself for electrical loading of the test wind turbine. Such a grid simulator must create a stable fault-resilient voltage and frequency bus (a micro grid) for continuous operation of the test wind turbine. In this report, several electrical topologies for an offshore grid simulator were analyzed and modeled.

  14. Damage Detection Methods for Offshore Platforms Based on Wavelet Packet Transform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Dong-sheng; ZHANG Zhao-de; WANG De-yu

    2005-01-01

    The wavelet packet transform is used for the damage detection of offshore platforms. When some damage occurs, the dynamic response parameters of the structure will shift subtly. However, in some cases, the dynamic parameters, such as dynamic response, are not sensitive, and it is very difficult to predict the existence of damage. The present paper aims to describe how to find small damage by the use of wavelet packet transform. As the wavelet packet transform can be used to quickly find the singularity of the response signal on different scales, the acceleration signal of a damaged offshore platform in the time domain is transformed through the wavelet packet. Experimental results show that the Daubechies 4 wavelet transform can be used to detect damage.

  15. Dynamic performance of power generation systems for off-shore oil and gas platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pierobon, Leonardo; Breuhaus, Peter; Haglind, Fredrik

    2014-01-01

    On off-shore oil and gas platforms two or more gas turbines typically support the electrical demand on site by operating as a stand-alone (island) power system. As reliability and availability are major concerns during operation, the dynamic performance of the power generation system becomes...... a crucial aspect for stable operation and prevention of unwanted shut down in case of disturbances in the local grid. This paper aims at developing and validating a dynamic model of the gas turbine-based power generation system installed on the Draugen off-shore oil and gas platform (located in the North...... Sea, Norway). The dynamic model of the SGT-500 gas turbine includes dynamic equations for the combustion chamber and for the high pressure, low pressure and turbine shafts. The low and high pressure compressors are modeled by using quasi steady-state conditions by scaling the maps of axial compressors...

  16. Energy efficiency measures for offshore oil and gas platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nguyen, Tuong-Van; Voldsund, Mari; Breuhaus, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Oil and gas platforms are energy-intensive systems { each facility uses from a few to several hundredsMW of energy, depending on the petroleum properties, export specifcations and feld lifetime. Several technologies for increasing the energy effciency of these plants are investigated in this work....... They include: (i) the installation of multiple pressure levels in production manifolds, (ii) the implementation of multiphaseexpanders, (iii) the promotion of energy and process integration, (iv) the limitation of gas recirculation around the compressors, (v) the exploitation of low-temperature heat from...... the gas cooling steps, (vi) the downsizing or replacement of the existing gas turbines, and (vii) the use of the waste heat from the powerplant. The present study builds on four actual cases located in the North and Norwegian Seas, which differ by the type of oil processed, operating conditions...

  17. Reliability-Based Load and Resistance Factors Design for Offshore Jacket Platforms in the Bohai Bay: Calibration on Design Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN Wei-liang; HU Qi-zhong; SHEN Zhao-wei; SHI Zhong-min

    2009-01-01

    For the fulfillment of the probability-based structural design for the offshore jacket platforms in the Bohai Bay, the design factors of loads, resistance and load combinations are much necessary to be calibrated according to the proposed target reliability index. Firstly, the limit states function for the offshore jacket platforms is introduced. Then, four ap-proaches to calibrate the factors of load and resistance are presented and compared. Afterwards, the methods to calibrate the load combination factors are developed. Finally, the factors of load, resistance and load combination for the offshore jacket platforms in the Bohai Bay are calibrated and the corresponding design formulae are recommended. The results are proved to be rational in practice, and also illustrate that the proposed target reliability index for offshore jacket platforms in the Bohai Bay is also appropriate.

  18. Dynamic Analysis of Tension Leg Platform for Offshore Wind Turbine Support as Fluid-Structure Interaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Hu; ZHANG She-rong

    2011-01-01

    Tension leg platform(TLP)for offshore wind turbine support is a new type structure in wind energy utilization.The strong-interaction method is used in analyzing the coupled model,and the dynamic characteristics of the TLP for offshore wind turbine support are recognized.As shown by the calculated results:for the lower modes,the shapes are water's vibration,and the vibration of water induces the structure's swing;the mode shapes of the structure are complex,and can largely change among different members;the mode shapes of the platform are related to the tower's.The frequencies of the structure do not change much after adjusting the length of the tension cables and the depth of the platform;the TLP has good adaptability for the water depths and the environment loads.The change of the size and parameters of TLP can improve the dynamic characteristics,which can reduce the vibration of the TLP caused by the loads.Through the vibration analysis,the natural vibration frequencies of TLP can be distinguished from the frequencies of condition loads,and thus the resonance vibration can be avoided,therefore the offshore wind turbine can work normally in the complex conditions.

  19. Modal Strain Energy Based Structural Damage Localization for Offshore Platform using Simulated and Measured Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Shuqing; LIU Fushun; ZHANG Min

    2014-01-01

    Modal strain energy based methods for damage detection have received much attention. However, most of published articles use numerical methods and some studies conduct modal tests with simple 1D or 2D structures to verify the damage detection algorithms. Only a few studies utilize modal testing data from 3D frame structures. Few studies conduct performance comparisons between two different modal strain energy based methods. The objective of this paper is to investigate and compare the effectiveness of a traditional modal strain energy method (Stubbs index) and a recently developed modal strain energy decomposition (MSED) method for damage localization, for such a purpose both simulated and measured data from an offshore platform model being used. Particularly, the mode shapes used in the damage localization are identified and synthesized from only two measurements of one damage scenario because of the limited number of sensors. The two methods were first briefly reviewed. Next, using a 3D offshore platform model, the damage detection algorithms were implemented with different levels of damage severities for both single damage and multiple damage cases. Finally, a physical model of an offshore steel platform was constructed for modal testing and for validat-ing the applicability. Results indicate that the MSED method outperforms the Stubbs index method for structural damage detection.

  20. Fuzzy Optimum Model of Semi-Structural Decision for Lectotype Optimization of Offshore Platforms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈守煜; 伏广涛; 王建明; 刘刚

    2001-01-01

    In the process of concept design of offshore platforms, it is necessary to select the best from feasible alternatives through comparison and filter. The criterion set, used to evaluate and select the satisfying alternative, consists of many qualitative and quantitative factors. Therefore, the selection is a problem of multicriteria and semi-structural decision-making. Different from traditional methods in semi-structural decision-making, a new framework and methodology is presented in this paper for evaluation of offshore platform alternatives. First, the criterion set is established for the evaluation of alternatives. Next, the approach is studied to construct the relative membership degree matrix, in which both qualitative and quantitative factors are consistent with the uniform calculating standard. And then a new weight-assessing method is developed for calculation of the weights based on the relative membership degree matrix.Finally, a multi-hierarchy fuzzy optimum model is adopted to select the satisfying offshore platform alternative. A case study shows that the new framework and methodology are scientific, reasonable and easy to use in practice.

  1. [Relationship between occupational stress and mental health in offshore oil platform workers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Hongtao; Xiao, Taiqin; Zou, Jianfang; Shan, Yongle; Li, Zijian

    2014-02-01

    To investigate the relationship between occupational stress and mental health in offshore oil platform workers and to provide a scientific basis for protection of their mental health. A total of 768 workers on offshore oil platform were surveyed with the Occupational Stress Inventory Revised Edition and Symptom Check List-90 (SCL-90). The total score of Occupational Role Questionnaire (ORQ) for the workers (160.27±24.63) was significantly lower than the national norm (166.52±27.01) (P 0.05), but the items of recreation, social support, and rational/cognitive found significant difference (P < 0.05). The total score of SCL-90 was positively correlated with all items of ORQ and PSQ (P < 0.01) and negatively correlated with all items of PRQ (P < 0.01). The multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that current work seniority, education background, drinking, role overload, role insufficiency, role ambiguity, responsibility, physical environment, and rational/cognitive conduct impacted the score of SCL-90 (P < 0.05). The mental health of workers on offshore oil platform is related to occupational stress, and role overload, role ambiguity, physical environment, and rational/cognitive conduct, etc, are closely associated with the workers' mental health.

  2. Computational Fluid Dynamic Analysis of a Floating Offshore Wind Turbine Experiencing Platform Pitching Motion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thanhtoan Tran

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to illustrate the unsteady aerodynamic effects of a floating offshore wind turbine experiencing the prescribed pitching motion of a supporting floating platform as a sine function. The three-dimensional, unsteady Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes equations with the shear-stress transport (SST k-ω turbulence model were applied. Moreover, an overset grid approach was used to model the rigid body motion of a wind turbine blade. The current simulation results are compared to various approaches from previous studies. The unsteady aerodynamic loads of the blade were demonstrated to change drastically with respect to the frequency and amplitude of platform motion.

  3. Reliability-Based Full-Life Cycle Optimum Design of Offshore Jacket Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立成; 宋玉普

    2004-01-01

    Based on the consideration of operation environment and structural property, an optimum design model of offshore jacket platform is developed in this paper, namely, the reliability-based full-life cycle optimum design model. In this model, the time-dependent reliability assessment method for structural members is established by combination of the decrease of sectional size and performance deterioration of material. The initial investment, maintenance cost and failure loss cost are assembled into the model. The total cost of the platform structure system in its full service period is chosen as the objective function, and the initial reliabilities of the layer elements partitioned in advance are taken as the design variables. Different models are obtained, depending on whether the system reliability constraint is considered or not. This optimum design model can result in the lowest full-life cost and the optimal initial layer reliability of an offshore jacket platform in the design of marine structures. The feasibility of this model is illustrated with an actual jacket platform in the Liaodong Gulf as an example.

  4. Design features of offshore oil production platforms influence their susceptibility to biocorrosion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncan, Kathleen E; Davidova, Irene A; Nunn, Heather S; Stamps, Blake W; Stevenson, Bradley S; Souquet, Pierre J; Suflita, Joseph M

    2017-08-01

    Offshore oil-producing platforms are designed for efficient and cost-effective separation of oil from water. However, design features and operating practices may create conditions that promote the proliferation and spread of biocorrosive microorganisms. The microbial communities and their potential for metal corrosion were characterized for three oil production platforms that varied in their oil-water separation processes, fluid recycling practices, and history of microbially influenced corrosion (MIC). Microbial diversity was evaluated by 16S rRNA gene sequencing, and numbers of total bacteria, archaea, and sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) were estimated by qPCR. The rates of (35)S sulfate reduction assay (SRA) were measured as a proxy for metal biocorrosion potential. A variety of microorganisms common to oil production facilities were found, but distinct communities were associated with the design of the platform and varied with different locations in the processing stream. Stagnant, lower temperature (oil separation train, thus promoting distribution of biocorrosive microorganisms. These findings tell us that tracking microbial sulfate-reducing activity and community composition on off-shore oil production platforms can be used to identify operational practices that inadvertently promote the proliferation, distribution, and activity of biocorrosive microorganisms.

  5. Computationally inexpensive approach for pitch control of offshore wind turbine on barge floating platform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuo, Shan; Song, Y D; Wang, Lei; Song, Qing-wang

    2013-01-01

    Offshore floating wind turbine (OFWT) has gained increasing attention during the past decade because of the offshore high-quality wind power and complex load environment. The control system is a tradeoff between power tracking and fatigue load reduction in the above-rated wind speed area. In allusion to the external disturbances and uncertain system parameters of OFWT due to the proximity to load centers and strong wave coupling, this paper proposes a computationally inexpensive robust adaptive control approach with memory-based compensation for blade pitch control. The method is tested and compared with a baseline controller and a conventional individual blade pitch controller with the "NREL offshore 5 MW baseline wind turbine" being mounted on a barge platform run on FAST and Matlab/Simulink, operating in the above-rated condition. It is shown that the advanced control approach is not only robust to complex wind and wave disturbances but adaptive to varying and uncertain system parameters as well. The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed method performs better in reducing power fluctuations, fatigue loads and platform vibration as compared to the conventional individual blade pitch control.

  6. Variable Torque Control of Offshore Wind Turbine on Spar Floating Platform Using Advanced RBF Neural Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Offshore floating wind turbine (OFWT has been a challenging research spot because of the high-quality wind power and complex load environment. This paper focuses on the research of variable torque control of offshore wind turbine on Spar floating platform. The control objective in below-rated wind speed region is to optimize the output power by tracking the optimal tip-speed ratio and ideal power curve. Aiming at the external disturbances and nonlinear uncertain dynamic systems of OFWT because of the proximity to load centers and strong wave coupling, this paper proposes an advanced radial basis function (RBF neural network approach for torque control of OFWT system at speeds lower than rated wind speed. The robust RBF neural network weight adaptive rules are acquired based on the Lyapunov stability analysis. The proposed control approach is tested and compared with the NREL baseline controller using the “NREL offshore 5 MW wind turbine” model mounted on a Spar floating platform run on FAST and Matlab/Simulink, operating in the below-rated wind speed condition. The simulation results show a better performance in tracking the optimal output power curve, therefore, completing the maximum wind energy utilization.

  7. Computationally Inexpensive Approach for Pitch Control of Offshore Wind Turbine on Barge Floating Platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shan Zuo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Offshore floating wind turbine (OFWT has gained increasing attention during the past decade because of the offshore high-quality wind power and complex load environment. The control system is a tradeoff between power tracking and fatigue load reduction in the above-rated wind speed area. In allusion to the external disturbances and uncertain system parameters of OFWT due to the proximity to load centers and strong wave coupling, this paper proposes a computationally inexpensive robust adaptive control approach with memory-based compensation for blade pitch control. The method is tested and compared with a baseline controller and a conventional individual blade pitch controller with the “NREL offshore 5 MW baseline wind turbine” being mounted on a barge platform run on FAST and Matlab/Simulink, operating in the above-rated condition. It is shown that the advanced control approach is not only robust to complex wind and wave disturbances but adaptive to varying and uncertain system parameters as well. The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed method performs better in reducing power fluctuations, fatigue loads and platform vibration as compared to the conventional individual blade pitch control.

  8. Infrared inspection applied to offshore platforms: Petrobras experience at Campos Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verdini, Edson A.; Veratti, Attilio B.

    2002-03-01

    Bacia de Campos (Rio de Janeiro - Brazil) is one of the biggest offshore petroleum fields in the world today. In June 2001, Bacia de Campos, having more than 490 oil wells, 34 offshore platforms and 7 modified ships in operation, reached 1,3 million barrels/day. If compared to OPEP countries only nine of them got an average production higher than 1 million barrels/day in 2000, which means it can be placed on the 10th position in the rank of oil producers. In this context this work aims not only to show the results achieved within the introduction of thermographic inspections in offshore oil production (platforms and ships), but also the financial results (ROI - Return of Investment) considering the use of this particular technique. Bacia de Campos got a ROI around 7 million dollars in the last 4 years, which means a hundred times higher than the total cost of thermographic services in the same period. As far as we know this is one of the best results already reported in the world. We also present the methodology applied to analyze thermal anomalies in electrical components and data management software, including advanced Digital Reports sent via Internet.

  9. Experimental Modeling of Pile-Leg Interaction in Jacket Type Offshore Platforms Cyclic Inelastic Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. R. Honarvar

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Offshore platforms in seismically active areas should be designed to survive in the event of severe ground excitations with no global structural failure. The annulus between the pile and leg in jacket-type offshore platforms can be filled with cement grout as a means of reducing horizontal deflections, inhibiting corrosion and preventing local damages. This paper discusses an experimental approach which can be used to demonstrate the effect of grouting on enhanced structural performance of jackets. In this regard, the lateral load bearing behavior of grouted and un-grouted jackets are investigated experimentally with special attention to effect of grout on pile-leg interaction. Results are presented on the cyclic inelastic behavior of two scaled frame models of a representative platform which was recently installed in the Persian gulf. The objective of this effort was to improve the understanding of the behavior of jackets subjected to lateral motions and specially the effects of exact real pile-leg interaction. it should be noted that this paper addresses the exact and realistic pile-leg interaction. It is concluded that grouting can not be considered as a definite method of improving strength and structural nonlinear dynamic behavior. Although it generally increases the lateral stiffness, but some side effects and points are to be considered. In this paper, the two separate lateral load bearing mechanisms -namely portal (braced mechanism and frame bending mechanism- are distinguished and the effect of grout on each one is shown.

  10. Vertical Structure of the Wind Speed Profile at the North Sea Offshore Measurement Platform FINO1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kettle, A. J.

    2013-12-01

    The vertical wind speed profile in the lowest 100m of the marine atmospheric boundary layer has been characterized from data collected at the FINO1 offshore research platform in the German North Sea sector for 2005. Located in 30m of water, the platform has a dense vertical array of meteorological instrumentation to measure wind speed, air temperature, relative humidity, and atmospheric turbulence characteristics. Along measurements of the ocean temperature and surface waves, the platform is well-equipped to characterize wind properties in the near-surface boundary layer. Preliminary analysis reveals a high incidence of vertical wind speed profiles that deviate significantly from Monin-Obukhov similarity theory with wind speed inflections that suggest decoupled layers near the surface. The presentation shows how the properties of the vertical wind speed profile change mainly depending on the wind speed, wind direction, and time of year. The results are significant because there are few reports of inflections in the vertical wind speed profile over the ocean and there is an a priori assumption that the vertical wind speed profile varies smoothly according to similarity theory. There are possible consequences for the wind energy development in terms of understanding the forces acting on offshore wind turbines whose rotors sweep across heights 150-200m above the sea surface.

  11. P-{Delta} effects on the reliability of oil offshore jacket platforms in Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Leon-Escobedo, D. [Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico, Toluca, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)]. E-mail: daviddeleonescobedo@yahoo.com.mx; Campos, D. [Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo (Mexico)]. E-mail: dcampos@imp.mx

    2012-07-15

    Given the important economic consequences of an oil platform failure, all the aspects of its structural behavior and safety issues need to be carefully considered. In particular, P-{Delta} effects on the deck legs of marine offshore jacket platforms may be relevant when the deck height and the vertical load are significant. In this paper, the impact of the moment amplification, due to slenderness of the deck legs, on the platform safety is examined and appraised from the viewpoint of the structural reliability. The formulation is applied to a typical tall deck marine platform under the environmental loading at the Bay of Campeche, Mexico, and its reliability index is calculated with and without the P-{Delta} effect. The results presented herein may be used to improve the current practice in the design and assessment of offshore marine platforms in Mexico and to update the current version of the code. [Spanish] Dadas las importantes consecuencias economicas de la falla de una plataforma petrolera, todos los aspectos de su comportamiento estructural y aspectos de seguridad necesitan considerarse cuidadosamente. En particular, los efectos P-{Delta} en las piernas de la cubierta de plataformas marinas costa fuera petroleras tipo jacket pueden ser relevantes cuando la altura de la cubierta y la intensidad de cargas verticales son significativas. En este articulo se examina el impacto que sobre la seguridad de la plataforma tiene la amplificacion de momentos, debido a la esbeltez de las piernas de la cubierta, y se evalua este impacto desde el punto de vista de confiabilidad estructural. La formulacion se aplica a una plataforma marina tipica, con cubierta alta, bajo la carga ambiental de la Bahia de Campeche, Mexico y se calcula su indice de confiabilidad con y sin el efecto P-{Delta}. Los resultados presentados aqui pueden usarse para mejorar las practicas actuales de diseno y evaluacion de plataformas marinas costa fuera en Mexico y para actualizar la version actual

  12. Offshore Resource Assessment and Design Conditions: A Data Requirements and Gaps Analysis for Offshore Renewable Energy Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elliott, Dennis [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Frame, Caitlin [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Washington, DC (United States); Gill, Carrie [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Washington, DC (United States); Hanson, Howard [Florida Atlantic Univ., Boca Raton, FL (United States); Moriarty, Patrick [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Powell, Mark [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Washington, DC (United States); Shaw, William J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Wilczak, Jim [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Washington, DC (United States); Wynne, Jason [Energetics, Columbia, MD (United States)

    2012-03-01

    The offshore renewable energy industry requires accurate meteorological and oceanographic (“metocean”) data for evaluating the energy potential, economic viability, and engineering requirements of offshore renewable energy projects. It is generally recognized that currently available metocean data, instrumentation, and models are not adequate to meet all of the stakeholder needs on a national scale. Conducting wind and wave resource assessments and establishing load design conditions requires both interagency collaboration as well as valuable input from experts in industry and academia. Under the Department of Energy and Department of Interior Memorandum of Understanding, the Resource Assessment and Design Condition initiative supports collaborative national efforts by adding to core atmospheric and marine science knowledge relevant to offshore energy development. Such efforts include a more thorough understanding and data collection of key metocean phenomena such as wind velocity and shear; low-level jets; ocean, tidal, and current velocities; wave characteristics; geotechnical data relating to surface and subsurface characteristics; seasonal and diurnal variations; and the interaction among these conditions. Figure 1 presents a graphical representation of some metocean phenomena that can impact offshore energy systems. This document outlines the metocean observations currently available; those that are not available; and those that require additional temporal-spatial coverage, resolution, or processing for offshore energy in an effort to gather agreed-upon, needed observations.

  13. Long-Term Effect of TMD on Vibration Control of An MDOF Offshore Fixed Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHI Xiang(石湘); Tetsuya MATSUI; WU Minger

    2003-01-01

    A three-dimensional fixed offshore platform in deep water modeled by the finite element method is studied in this paper. Analysis of the dynamic response of the MDOF structure is realized taking the non-linearity of the wave drag force and the wave-structure interaction into account. The structural response statistics, which have Gaussian distributions, are used to evaluate the vibration effect of the structure without TMD and with TMD. And an optimal method to design TMD controlling the first mode of the multi-mode structure is proposed. Moreover, the probabilities of occurrence of sea states at the platform site are considered for prediction of the long-term effect of a TMD. Simulation results demonstrate that the long-term effect of a well-designed TMD is good and the practical use is possible due to the good stability of its optimal parameters under different sea states.

  14. Modal Identification of Offshore Platforms Using Statistical Method Based on ERA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Shu-qing; LI Hua-jun; T.Takayama

    2005-01-01

    Identification of modal parameters of a linear structure with output-only measurements has received much attention over the past decades. In the paper, the Natural Excitation Technique (NExT) is used for acquisition of the impulse signals from the structural responses. Then Eigensystem Realization Algorithm (ERA) is utilized for modal identification.(SAMFM), is developed to distinguish the true modes from noise modes, and to improve the precision of the identified modal frequencies of the structure. An offshore platform is modeled with the finite element method. The theoretical modal parameters are obtained for a comparison with the identified values. The dynamic responses of the platform under random wave loading are computed for providing the output signals used for identification with ERA. Results of simulation demonstrate that the proposed method can determine the system modal frequency with high precision.

  15. Vibration Control of Multi-Tuned Mass Dampers for An Offshore Oil Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆建辉; 梅宁; 李宇生; 石湘

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of multi-tuned mass dampers (MTMD) on mitigating vi-bration of an offshore oil platform subjected to ocean wave loading. An optimal design method is used to determine the op-timal damper parameters under ocean wave loading. The force on the structure is determined by use of the linearizedMorison equation. Investigation on the deck motion with and without MTMD on the structure is made under design condi-tions. The results show that MTMD with the optimized parameters suppress the response of each structural mode. Thesensitivity of optimum values of MTMD to characteristic wave parameters is also analyzed. It is indicated that a singleTMD on the deck of a platform can have the best performance, and the small the damping value of TMD, the better thevibration control.

  16. Mitigation of Ice-Induced Vibrations for Offshore Platforms Using Tuned Mass Damper

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Li; YUE Qian-jin; ZHANG Wen-shou

    2008-01-01

    The problems of ice-induced vibration have been noticed and concerned since the 1960s, but it has not been well resolved. One reason is that the dynamic interaction between ice and structure is so complicated that practical ice force model has not been developed. The recent full-scale tests conducted on jacket platforms in the Bohai Sea presented that ice could cause intense vibrations which endanger the facilities on the deck and make discomfort for the crew. In this paper, the strategy of mitigation of ice-induced offshore structure vibration is discussed. Based on field observations and understanding of the interaction between ice and structure, the absorption mitigation method to suppress ice-induced vibration is presented. The numerical simulations were conducted for a simplified model of platform attached with a Tuned Mass Damper (TMD) under ice force function and ice force time history. The simulation results show that TMD can favorably reduce ice-induced vibrations, therefore, it can be considered to be an alternative approach to utilize. Finally, the application possibilities of utilizing TMDs on other miniature offshore structures in ice-covered areas of marginal oil fields are discussed.

  17. Exergy destruction and losses on four North Sea offshore platforms: A comparative study of the oil and gas processing plants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Voldsund, Mari; Nguyen, Tuong-Van; Elmegaard, Brian

    2014-01-01

    differs across offshore platforms. However, the results indicate that the largest rooms for improvement lie in (i) gas compression systems where large amounts of gas may be compressed and recycled to prevent surge, (ii) production manifolds where well-streams are depressurised and mixed, and (iii......The oil and gas processing plants of four North Sea offshore platforms are analysed and compared, based on the exergy analysis method. Sources of exergy destruction and losses are identified and the findings for the different platforms are compared. Different platforms have different working...... conditions, which implies that some platforms need less heat and power than others. Reservoir properties and composition vary over the lifetime of an oil field, and therefore maintaining a high efficiency of the processing plant is challenging. The results of the analysis show that 27%-57% of the exergy...

  18. Reliability-Based Earthquake Design of Jacket-Type Offshore Platforms Considering Pile-Soil-Structure Interaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behrouz Asgarian

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available There are plenty of uncertainties in environmental condition of ocean and also in platform element capacities. Reliability-based method could consider these uncertainties. A reliability-based earthquake design method was used to determine the earthquake LRFD parameters for two conventional, steel, pile-supported (template-type offshore platforms located in the Persian Gulf. The pile-soil-structure interaction, the buckling and postbuckling behavior of the braces were considered. Two steel platforms were simulated accurately by the finite element program Opensees. Field data were assumed based on past studies. Sensitiveness of reliability-based method was studied. It was found that the geometry of jacket and different types of braces was important in the capacity and the behavior of offshore platforms. Finally the calculated LRFD elements resistance factors for these two platforms were compared with API recommended factors and it was observed that API recommended element resistance factors were more appropriate for SSL 3.

  19. A Single Mooring System with Sag-Extensibility and Flexural Rigidity Applied to Offshore Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    M.-C.Tsai; Hsien Hua Lee; Jun-Yen Lee; S.-S.Hsiao

    2013-01-01

    Floating platform system has been extensively used in ocean exploitation,particularly for a tension-leg platform (TLP) system in deep water.Most of the TLPs are multi-mooring systems,where multi-joints are connected to the tension-legs so that the platform is not allowed to twist freely and may subject to enormous force induced by large incident waves in the weak-direction of the structure.This study aims to exploit a single moored offshore platform system that may attract less force and can be operated with less effort.In our analysis,in addition to mechanical properties of the tether,two important properties are also taken into consideration for the single mooring tether with expanded cross sectional dimension and utilization of stronger material,namely,the sag-extensibility and the flexural rigidity.Finally,the dynamic structural behavior produced by the mechanical effects on the new system is investigated and compared with that of traditional design while the wave-structure interactions of large body are also accounted for.Our study finds that the neglect of sag-extensibility or the flexural rigidity of large,strong mooring cable may result in a conservative but not necessarily safe design.

  20. Application of the SPH method to solitary wave impact on an offshore platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, K.; IJzermans, R. H. A.; Jones, B. D.; Thyagarajan, A.; van Beest, B. W. H.; Williams, J. R.

    2016-04-01

    This paper investigates the interaction between large waves and floating offshore structures. Here, the fluid-structure interaction is considered using the weakly compressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method. To ensure the applicability of this method, we validate its prediction for fluid forces and rigid-body motion against two sets of experimental data. These are impact due to dam break, and wave induced motion of a floating cube. For the dam break problem, the SPH method is used to predict impact forces on a rectangular column located downstream. In the second case of a floating cube, the SPH method simulates the motion of a buoyant cube under the action of induced waves, where a wall placed upstream of the cube is displaced sinusoidally to induce waves. In both cases, the SPH framework implemented is able to accurately reproduce the experimental results. Following validation, we apply this framework to simulation of a toy model of a tension-leg platform upon impact of a large solitary wave. This analysis shows that the platform may be pulled into the water by stretched tension legs, where the extension of the tension legs also governs the rotational behavior of the platform. The result also indicates that a tension-leg platform is very unlikely to topple over during the arrival of an extreme wave.

  1. Structural steels for fixed offshore platforms: technical challenges at the Brazilian national supply chain; Acos estruturais para plataformas fixas offshore: desafios tecnicos junto a cadeia de suprimentos nacional brasileira

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro, Fabio Modesti Orsini de [Promon Engenharia Ltda., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2012-07-01

    This paper presents the main technical requirements for structural steel applied to the construction of bottom fixed offshore platforms, based on the most widely adopted and recognized actual standards. The mechanical properties and lab tests necessary to fulfill the Risk Management and E and P companies requirements are presented aiming to build the theoretical bases necessary for the engineering design of projects of this kind. The main types of steel available in the national market are presented at the end, giving an overall look at the Brazilian steel supply chain. (author)

  2. Design and optimization of air bottoming cycles for waste heat recovery in off-shore platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pierobon, Leonardo; Haglind, Fredrik

    2014-01-01

    -objective optimization approach is employed to maximize the economic revenue, the compactness and the power production of the air bottoming cycle. The system compactness is assessed by introducing a detailed model of the shell and tube recuperator and including geometric quantities in the set of optimization variables......This paper aims at comparing two methodologies to design an air bottoming cycle recovering the waste heat from the power generation system on the Draugen off-shore oil and gas platform. Firstly, the design is determined using the theory of the power maximization. Subsequently, the multi....... Findings indicate that using the power production, the volume of the recuperator and the net present value as objective functions the optimal pressure ratio (2.52) and the exhaust gas temperature (178.8 °C) differ from the values (2.80 and 145.5 °C) calculated using the theory of the power maximization...

  3. Modelling and analysis of offshore energy systems on North Sea oil and gas platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nguyen, Tuong-Van; Elmegaard, Brian; Pierobon, Leonardo

    2012-01-01

    export, and power generation. In this paper, a generic model of a North Sea oil and gas platform is described and the most thermodynamically inefficient processes are identified by performing an exergy analysis. Models and simulations are built and run with the tools Aspen Plus R, DNA and Aspen HYSYS R......Offshore processes are associated with significant energy consumption and large CO2 emissions. Conventional North Sea oil and gas facilities include the following operations: crude oil separation, gas compression and purification, wastewater treatment, gas lifting, seawater injection, oil and gas...... and gas processing system, consuming 4-6 MW and 3-7 MW respectively, while the power generation system alone is responsible for 54-63 MW....

  4. Investigation on tempering of granular bainite in an offshore platform steel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, Yanlei; Jia, Tao; Zhang, Xiangjun [The State Key Laboratory of Rolling and Automation, Northeastern University, P.O. Box 105, No. 11, Lane 3, Wenhua Road, HePing District, Shenyang 110819 (China); Liu, Zhenyu, E-mail: zyliu@mail.neu.edu.cn [The State Key Laboratory of Rolling and Automation, Northeastern University, P.O. Box 105, No. 11, Lane 3, Wenhua Road, HePing District, Shenyang 110819 (China); Misra, R.D.K. [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, University of Texas at El Paso, 500 W. University Avenue, El Paso, TX 79968-0521 (United States)

    2015-02-25

    Granular bainite, where M-A constituents dispersed in bainitic ferrite matrix usually presents at the half thickness region in thermo-mechanically processed heavy gauge offshore platform steel. In the present work, the decomposition of M-A constituents during tempering at 600 °C was firstly revealed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis, which primarily involves the precipitation of cementite, recovery and recrystallization of highly dislocated ferrite matrix. Then, the effect of tempering on mechanical properties was investigated by tempering at different temperature for 60 min. Results indicated that, at tempering temperature of 500–600 °C, large quantity of micro-alloying carbides precipitated and partially compensated the loss of strength mainly due to the decomposition of M-A constituents. Compared with the as-rolled state, the decomposition of M-A constituents and softening of bainitic ferrite matrix after tempering have resulted in higher density of microvoids and substantial plastic deformation before impact failure.

  5. Absorption refrigeration cycle applied to offshore platforms; Refrigeracao por absorcao aplicada a plataformas de petroleo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, Maximino Joaquim Pina [KROMAV Engenharia, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Pinto, Luiz Antonio Vaz; Belchior, Carlos Rodrigues Pereira [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia (COPPE)

    2004-07-01

    To produce cold from the heat seems a task unlikely or even impossible. However, absorption systems produce cooling from heat sources and it exist since the century XIX. In industrial places is very important to improve the energy use, even more in places where the activities involve great costs and incomes. Traditionally the alternatives conflict in the aspects of initial and operational costs. This paper describes the absorption systems operation and its main advantages and disadvantages, when compared to the traditional systems with compressor. The known fact that a vapor compressor system presents larger efficiency is not enough to validate it for all of the applications. In this sense, the initial and operational analysis of the costs of the absorption systems becomes interesting. In spite of, double effect absorption systems are demonstrating the evolution of the absorption cycle in order to obtain better performance. Turbo-generators and Turbo-compressors of the offshore platforms are thermal machines that reject great amount of heat in the exhaust gases. This heat is used for heating of water used in the Process Plant. The processes of separation of the mixture water-oil-gas from the well, for instance, use that heat. Even after the passage of the water in the Plant of Process, the residual heat is still enough for the use in absorption systems. A simulation is done using real data of an offshore platform. Two possible alternatives are compared under technical and economical aspects. Sensibility analysis is also performed in order to verify possible impacts of variations of electric power cost. (author)

  6. Design Loads on Platforms on Offshore wind Turbine Foundations with Respect to Vertical Wave Run-up

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damsgaard, Mathilde L.; Gravesen, Helge; Andersen, Thomas Lykke

    2007-01-01

    Experiences have shown that the vertical run-up generated by waves meeting the offshore wind turbine foundations, can result in rather vigorous loads on appurtenances and platform structures. This study aims to provide a qualitative method of determining run-up height and the following loads...

  7. Comparison of API & IEC Standards for Offshore Wind Turbine Applications in the U.S. Atlantic Ocean: Phase II; March 9, 2009 - September 9, 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jha, A.; Dolan, D.; Gur, T.; Soyoz, S.; Alpdogan, C.

    2013-01-01

    This report compares two design guidelines for offshore wind turbines: Recommended Practice for Planning, Designing, and Constructing Fixed Offshore Platform Structures and the International Electrotechnical Commission 61400-3 Design Requirements for Offshore Wind Turbines.

  8. A study of wave forces on an offshore platform by direct CFD and Morison equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang D.

    2015-01-01

    The next step is the presentation of 3D multiphase RANS simulation of the wind-turbine platform in single-harmonic regular waves. Simulation results from full 3D simulation will be compared to the results from Morison’s equation. We are motivated by the challenges of a floating platform which has complex underwater geometry (e.g. tethered semi-submersible. In cases like this, our hypothesis is that Morison’s equation will result in inaccurate prediction of forces, due to the limitations of 2D coefficients of simple geometries, and that 3D multiphase RANS CFD will be required to generate reliable predictions of platform loads and motions.

  9. Molecular Analysis of the Bacterial Communities in Crude Oil Samples from Two Brazilian Offshore Petroleum Platforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Korenblum

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Crude oil samples with high- and low-water content from two offshore platforms (PA and PB in Campos Basin, Brazil, were assessed for bacterial communities by 16S rRNA gene-based clone libraries. RDP Classifier was used to analyze a total of 156 clones within four libraries obtained from two platforms. The clone sequences were mainly affiliated with Gammaproteobacteria (78.2% of the total clones; however, clones associated with Betaproteobacteria (10.9%, Alphaproteobacteria (9%, and Firmicutes (1.9% were also identified. Pseudomonadaceae was the most common family affiliated with these clone sequences. The sequences were further analyzed by MOTHUR, yielding 81 operational taxonomic units (OTUs grouped at 97% stringency. Richness estimators also calculated by MOTHUR indicated that oil samples with high-water content were the most diverse. Comparison of bacterial communities present in these four samples using LIBSHUFF and Principal Component Analysis (PCA indicated that the water content significantly influenced the community structure only of crude oil obtained from PA. Differences between PA and PB libraries were observed, suggesting the importance of the oil field as a driver of community composition in this habitat.

  10. The Feasibility of Wind and Solar Energy Application for Oil and Gas Offshore Platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiong, Y. K.; Zahari, M. A.; Wong, S. F.; Dol, S. S.

    2015-04-01

    Renewable energy is an energy which is freely available in nature such as winds and solar energy. It plays a critical role in greening the energy sector as these sources of energy produce little or no pollution to environment. This paper will focus on capability of renewable energy (wind and solar) in generating power for offshore application. Data of wind speeds and solar irradiation that are available around SHELL Sabah Water Platform for every 10 minutes, 24 hours a day, for a period of one year are provided by SHELL Sarawak Sdn. Bhd. The suitable wind turbine and photovoltaic panel that are able to give a high output and higher reliability during operation period are selected by using the tabulated data. The highest power output generated using single wind energy application is equal to 492 kW while for solar energy application is equal to 20 kW. Using the calculated data, the feasibility of renewable energy is then determined based on the platform energy demand.

  11. A study on the seismic fortification level of offshore platform in Bohai Sea of China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Y.

    2010-12-01

    The Chinese sea areas are important places of offshore petroleum resources, and at the same time they are also seismically active regions. Fixed offshore platforms (OPs) are the fundamental facilities for marine resource exploitation, and usually situated in a complex and severe environment as having to endure many environmental loads in their life span, therefore, the damage to their structures may result in serious disasters. Among these environmental loads the seismic load has tremendous destructive effect and is not predictable. In case of not overly severe wind, wave and current, seismic resistance dominates the strength design of platforms. Furthermore, strong earthquakes have occurred recently or in the history of all the sea areas of oil/gas exploitation in China. Therefore, seismic design of fixed OPs is a very important issue. With the development of marine exploration and earthquake researches in the sea area, extensive studies on the seismotectonic environment and seismicity characteristics of the sea areas of China have been performed, meanwhile, more and more experience and data have been accumulated from OP design practice, which laid a foundation for studying and establishing the seismic design standard of OPs. This paper first gives an overall understanding of the seismic environment of the sea areas of China, then taking the Bohai Sea seismic risk study as an example, introducing a so-called shape factor K to characterize the seismic risk distribution in sub-regions of the Bohai Sea. Based on the seismic design ground motions for 46 platforms in Bohai Sea, a statistic analysis was performed for different peak ground acceleration (PGA) ratios at two different probability levels. In accordance with the two-stage design method, a scheme of two seismic design levels is proposed, and two seismic design objectives are established respectively for the strength level earthquake and ductility level earthquake. By analogy with and comparison to the Chinese

  12. Development of a computer model to predict platform station keeping requirements in the Gulf of Mexico using remote sensing data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barber, Bryan; Kahn, Laura; Wong, David

    1990-01-01

    Offshore operations such as oil drilling and radar monitoring require semisubmersible platforms to remain stationary at specific locations in the Gulf of Mexico. Ocean currents, wind, and waves in the Gulf of Mexico tend to move platforms away from their desired locations. A computer model was created to predict the station keeping requirements of a platform. The computer simulation uses remote sensing data from satellites and buoys as input. A background of the project, alternate approaches to the project, and the details of the simulation are presented.

  13. Semi-Active Control of Wave-Induced Vibration for Offshore Platforms by Use of MR Damper

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李华军; 王树青; 嵇春艳

    2002-01-01

    The objective of the present research is to examine the effectiveness of the lateral vibration control of wave-excited re-sponse of offshore platforms with magneto-rheological (MR) damper. In this study, the offshore platform is simplified to bewave force is determined with a white noise via a designed filter. A semi-active control method based on optimal control the-ory is proposed considering that the yield stress of the MR damper can be varied continuously within a certain range. The dy-namics of SDOF structure coupled with the MR damper is investigated. Numerical simulation demonstrates that the MRdamper with this control strategy can significantly reduce the maximum responses and the root-mean-square (RMS) values.

  14. A Robust Damage Detection Method Developed for Offshore Jacket Platforms Using Modified Artificial Immune System Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mojtahedi,A.; Lotfollahi Yaghin,M.A.; Hassanzadeh,Y.; Abbasidoust,F.; Ettefagh,M.M.; Aminfar,M.H.

    2012-01-01

    Steel jacket-type platforms are the common kind of the offshore structures and health monitoring is an important issue in their safety assessment.In the present study,a new damage detection method is adopted for this kind of structures and inspected experimentally by use of a laboratory model.The method is investigated for developing the robust damage detection technique which is less sensitive to both measurement and analytical model uncertainties.For this purpose,incorporation of the artificial immune system with weighted attributes (AISWA) method into finite element (FE) model updating is proposed and compared with other methods for exploring its effectiveness in damage identification.Based on mimicking immune recognition,noise simulation and attributes weighting,the method offers important advantages and has high success rates.Therefore,it is proposed as a suitable method for the detection of the failures in the large civil engineering structures with complicated structural geometry,such as the considered case study.

  15. [Relationship of job stress with job burnout and quality of work life in workers for offshore oil platforms].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Y; Liu, X L; Wei, T D; Lan, Y J

    2017-03-20

    Objective: To evaluate the current status of job burnout and qual ity of work life (QWL) in workers for offshore oil platforms, and to analyze the relationship of job stress with job burnout and QWL and the direct and indirect effects of job stress on QWL. Methods: Cluster random sampling was used to select 382 work-ers for 8 oil platforms of China National Offshore Oil Corporation in October 2015. A self-designed questionnaire was used to collect the individual characteristics of subjects. The Quality of Work Life Scale (QWL7-32) , Occupa-tional Stress Inventory-Revised Edition (OSI-R) , and Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) were used to investigate the QWL, job stress, and job burnout of subjects. Results: Among all the workers for offshore oil platforms, 87.2% had mild job burnout. The total QWL score was 116.01 ± 16.73; 8.3% of the workers had poor QWL, and 68.5% had moderate QWL. QWL was reduced with heavier task, vaguer task, and increasing mental stress and physical stress (P<0.05) , and increased with more social support (P<0.05) . Job stress had di-rect and indirect effects on QWL; stress reaction had the most effect on QWL (total effect size -0.509) , followed by social support (total effect size 0.444) . Conclusion: Most workers for offshore oil platforms have mild job burn-out and moderate QWL. Job stress is associated with job burnout and QWL, and stress reaction and social support have relatively high influence on QWL.

  16. AFSC/NMML/CCEP: Characterizing and quantifying California sea lion and Pacific harbor seal use of offshore oil and gas platforms in California, 2013-2015

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) and Pacific harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) use offshore oil and gas platforms as resting and foraging areas. Both...

  17. The Research and Development of a Cavitating Water Jet Cleaning System for Removing Marine Growth and Fouling from Offshore Platform Structures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-12-01

    AO-AO85 730 DAEOALEAN ASSOCIATES INC WOODBINE MD F/0 13/9 THE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF A CAVITATING WATER JET CLEANING--TC(U) DEC 79 J T PARKER, W...REPORT THE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF A CAVITATING WATER JET CLEANING SYSTEM FOR REMOVING MARINE GROWTH AND FOULING FROM OFFSHORE PLATFORM STRUCTURES...DEVELOPMENT OF A CAVITATING WATER JET CLEANING SYSTEM FOR REMOVING MARINE GROWTH AND FOULING FROM OFFSHORE PLATFORM STRUCTURES 1.0 INTRODUCTION Inspection of

  18. Whole-body concentrations of elements in three fish species from offshore oil platforms and natural areas in the Southern California Bight, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Love, Milton S.; Saiki, Michael K.; May, Thomas W.; Yee, Julie L.

    2013-01-01

    There is concern that offshore oil platforms off Southern California may be contributing to environmental contaminants accumulated by marine fishes. To examine this possibility, 18 kelp bass (Paralabrax clathratus Girard, 1854), 80 kelp rockfish (Sebastes atrovirens Jordan and Gilbert, 1880), and 98 Pacific sanddab (Citharichthys sordidus Girard, 1854) were collected from five offshore oil platforms and 10 natural areas during 2005–2006 for whole-body analysis of 63

  19. Soil non-linearity and its effect on the dynamic behaviour of offshore platform foundations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Madshus, Christian

    1997-07-01

    This thesis focuses on non-linear soil response to the type of cyclic loading experienced under offshore gravity base platform foundations. These loads are dominated by a cyclic component around the main wave frequency, which may well mobilize soil non-linearity under severe sea-states. Superimposed on this main component are lower level higher frequency loads caused by resonant oscillations of the platform. The thesis presents results of specially designed triaxial tests to simulate this loading condition. The tests simultaneously applied two cyclic load components at different frequencies and amplitudes. The measured soil response to each component has been isolated through a frequency domain separation. It was found that the soil responds to the superimposed high frequency low level component as if the soil had a cyclically time-varying stiffness. If the superimposed component does not lead to load reversals, this stiffness variation is controlled by the frequency and amplitude of the main load component and by the hysteretic non-linearity of the soil. If the superimposed component causes reversals, the influence of the hysteretic non-linearity on the stiffness variation is reduced. The higher the degree of reversal, the more this influence it taken over by the variation in the instantaneous unloading-reloading stiffness of the soil. It was also found that this type of two-frequency cyclic soil testing is generally superior over conventional single-frequency testing in the way it enforces the soil to reveal several of its inherent properties not deducible from ordinary tests. Benefits of analyzing non-linear response in the frequency domain is demonstrated throughout this thesis. The ability of various theoretical soil models to simulate the observed soil behaviour under two-frequency cyclic loading has, been investigated through numerical analyses. It was found that only those models that are based on kinematic hardening are able to reproduce what was observed

  20. Offshore platform sourced pollution monitoring using space-borne fully polarimetric C and X band synthetic aperture radar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singha, Suman; Ressel, Rudolf

    2016-11-15

    Use of polarimetric SAR data for offshore pollution monitoring is relatively new and shows great potential for operational offshore platform monitoring. This paper describes the development of an automated oil spill detection chain for operational purposes based on C-band (RADARSAT-2) and X-band (TerraSAR-X) fully polarimetric images, wherein we use polarimetric features to characterize oil spills and look-alikes. Numbers of near coincident TerraSAR-X and RADARSAT-2 images have been acquired over offshore platforms. Ten polarimetric feature parameters were extracted from different types of oil and 'look-alike' spots and divided into training and validation dataset. Extracted features were then used to develop a pixel based Artificial Neural Network classifier. Mutual information contents among extracted features were assessed and feature parameters were ranked according to their ability to discriminate between oil spill and look-alike spots. Polarimetric features such as Scattering Diversity, Surface Scattering Fraction and Span proved to be most suitable for operational services. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. High-resolution onshore-offshore morpho-bathymetric records of modern chalk and granitic shore platforms in NW France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duperret, Anne; Raimbault, Céline; Le Gall, Bernard; Authemayou, Christine; van Vliet-Lanoë, Brigitte; Regard, Vincent; Dromelet, Elsa; Vandycke, Sara

    2016-07-01

    Modern shore platforms developed on rocky coasts are key areas for understanding coastal erosion processes during the Holocene. This contribution offers a detailed picture of two contrasted shore-platform systems, based on new high-resolution shallow-water bathymetry, further coupled with aerial LiDAR topography. Merged land-sea digital elevation models were achieved on two distinct types of rocky coasts along the eastern English Channel in France (Picardy and Upper-Normandy: PUN) and in a NE Atlantic area (SW Brittany: SWB) in NW France. About the PUN case, submarine steps, identified as paleo-shorelines, parallel the actual coastline. Coastal erosive processes appear to be continuous and regular through time, since mid-Holocene at least. In SWB, there is a discrepancy between contemporary coastline orientation and a continuous step extending from inland to offshore, identified as a paleo-shoreline. This illustrates a polyphased and inherited shore platform edification, mainly controlled by tectonic processes.

  2. Measurement of naphthenic acids in the receiving waters around an offshore oil platform by passive sampling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harman, Christopher; Langford, Katherine; Sundt, Rolf C; Brooks, Steven

    2014-09-01

    Polar organic chemical integrative samplers (POCIS) were deployed in the vicinity of an offshore oil installation and analyzed for naphthenic acids (NAs). The POCIS accumulated a range of mono- to tetracyclic NAs, with different degrees of alkylation, with monocyclic acids being the most abundant. Currently, POCIS or similar polar samplers may be the only way to measure exposure to NAs from offshore discharges in situ. In addition, they may be a valuable tool for monitoring similar organic acids in general. © 2014 SETAC.

  3. Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Wave Impact underneath Decks of Offshore Platforms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baarholm, Rolf Jarle

    2001-07-01

    The main objective of this thesis has been to study the phenomenon of water impact underneath the decks of offshore platforms due to propagating waves. The emphasis has been on the impact loads. Two theoretical methods based on two-dimensional potential theory have been developed, a Wagner based method (WBM) and a nonlinear boundary element method (BEM). A procedure to account for three-dimensional effects is suggested. The deck is assumed to be rigid. Initial studies of the importance of hydroelasticity for wave loads on an existing deck structure have been performed. For a given design wave, the local structural responses were found to behave quasi-static. Global structural response has not been studied. In the Wagner based method gravity is neglected and a linear spatial distribution of the relative impact velocity along the deck is assumed. The resulting boundary value problem is solved analytically for each time step. A numerical scheme for stepping the wetted deck area in time is presented. The nonlinear boundary element method includes gravity, and the exact impact velocity is considered. The incident wave velocity potential is given a priori, and a boundary value problem for the perturbation velocity potential associated with the impact is defined. The boundary value problem is solved for each time step by applying Green's second identity. The exact boundary conditions are imposed on the exact boundaries. A Kutta condition is introduced as the fluid flow reaches the downstream end of the deck. At present, the BEM is only applicable for fixed platform decks. To validate the theories, experiments have been carried out in a wave flume. The experiments were performed in two-dimensional flow condition with a fixed horizontal deck at different vertical levels above the mean free surface. The vertical force on the deck and the wetting of the deck were the primary parameters measured. Only regular propagating waves were applied. When a wave hits the deck, the

  4. Reliability-Based Load and Resistance Factors Design for Offshore Jacket Platforms in the Bohai Bay:Calibration on Target Reliability Index

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN Wei-liang; HU Qi-zhong; SHEN Zhao-wei; SHI Zhong-min

    2009-01-01

    The target reliability index has been effectively used as the best solution to deal with the relationship between the structural safety and the optimal economy in any structural design.However,the target reliability index for offshore jacket platforms based on different sea areas in China has never been calibrated.This paper presents an approach for its calibration,and suggests many kinds of associated load cases.The uncertainties of loads and structural resistance are mainly investigated.The target reliability index for structural components,tubular joints and piles of offshore jacket platforms are discussed respectively in detail.Finally,through the calibrated results from the offshore jacket platforms of QK18-1,JZ20-2,SZ36-1 and BZ28-1 in the Bohai Bay,it is proposed to adopt 2.8 as the target reliability index of offshore jacket platforms in the Bohai Bay for a 25-year design period.The results provide significant reference for the design of offshore jacket platforms.

  5. Marine Fouling Assemblages on Offshore Gas Platforms in the Southern North Sea: Effects of Depth and Distance from Shore on Biodiversity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Stap, Tim; Coolen, Joop W P; Lindeboom, Han J

    2016-01-01

    Offshore platforms are known to act as artificial reefs, though there is on-going debate on whether this effect is beneficial or harmful for the life in the surrounding marine environment. Knowing what species exist on and around the offshore platforms and what environmental variables influence this species assemblage is crucial for a better understanding of the impact of offshore platforms on marine life. Information on this is limited for offshore platforms in the southern North Sea. This study aims to fill this gap in our knowledge and to determine how the composition and the abundance of species assemblages changes with depth and along a distance-from-shore gradient. The species assemblages on five offshore gas platforms in the southern North Sea have been inventoried using Remotely Operated Vehicles inspection footage. A total of 30 taxa were identified. A Generalised Additive Model of the species richness showed a significant non-linear relation with water depth (p = 0.001): from a low richness in shallow waters it increases with depth until 15-20 m, after which richness decreases again. Using PERMANOVA, water depth (p≤0.001), community age (p≤0.001) and the interaction between distance from shore and community age (p≤0.001) showed a significant effect on the species assemblages. Future research should focus on the effect additional environmental variables have on the species assemblages.

  6. Marine Fouling Assemblages on Offshore Gas Platforms in the Southern North Sea: Effects of Depth and Distance from Shore on Biodiversity.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim van der Stap

    Full Text Available Offshore platforms are known to act as artificial reefs, though there is on-going debate on whether this effect is beneficial or harmful for the life in the surrounding marine environment. Knowing what species exist on and around the offshore platforms and what environmental variables influence this species assemblage is crucial for a better understanding of the impact of offshore platforms on marine life. Information on this is limited for offshore platforms in the southern North Sea. This study aims to fill this gap in our knowledge and to determine how the composition and the abundance of species assemblages changes with depth and along a distance-from-shore gradient. The species assemblages on five offshore gas platforms in the southern North Sea have been inventoried using Remotely Operated Vehicles inspection footage. A total of 30 taxa were identified. A Generalised Additive Model of the species richness showed a significant non-linear relation with water depth (p = 0.001: from a low richness in shallow waters it increases with depth until 15-20 m, after which richness decreases again. Using PERMANOVA, water depth (p≤0.001, community age (p≤0.001 and the interaction between distance from shore and community age (p≤0.001 showed a significant effect on the species assemblages. Future research should focus on the effect additional environmental variables have on the species assemblages.

  7. Fuzzy Fatigue Reliability Analysis of Offshore Platforms in Ice-Infested Waters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方华灿; 段梦兰; 贾星兰; 谢彬

    2003-01-01

    The calculation of fatigue stress ranges due to random waves and ice loads on offshore structures is discussed, and the corresponding accumulative fatigue damages of the structural members are evaluated. To evaluate the fatigue damage to the structures more accurately, the Miner rule is modified considering the fuzziness of the concerned parameters, and a new model for fuzzy fatigue reliability analysis of offshore structures members is developed. Furthermore, an assessment method for predicting the dynamics of the fuzzy fatigue reliability of structural members is provided.

  8. Parametric study on the effects of pile inclination angle on the response of batter piles in offshore jacket platforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aminfar, Ali; Ahmadi, Hamid; Aminfar, Mohammad Hossein

    2016-06-01

    Offshore jacket-type platforms are attached to the seabed by long batter piles. In this paper, results from a finite element analysis, verified against experimental data, are used to study the effect of the pile's inclination angle, and its interaction with the geometrical properties of the pile and the geotechnical characteristics of the surrounding soil on the behavior of the inclined piles supporting the jacket platforms. Results show that the inclination angle is one of the main parameters affecting the behavior of an offshore pile. We investigated the effect of the inclination angle on the maximum von Mises stress, maximum von Mises elastic strain, maximum displacement vector sum, maximum displacement in the horizontal direction, and maximum displacement in the vertical direction. The pile seems to have an operationally optimal degree of inclination of approximately 5°. By exceeding this value, the instability in the surrounding soil under applied loads grows extensively in all the geotechnical properties considered. Cohesive soils tend to display poorer results compared to grained soils.

  9. Oxygen consumption and ventilation during simulated escape from an offshore oil platform

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ross, J.A.S.; Henderson, G.D. [Institute of Occupational Medicine, Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Howie, R.M. [Institute of Occupational Medicine, Edinburgh (United Kingdom)

    1997-07-01

    Twenty-six male workers from the North Sea offshore oil industry took part in a simulated escape exercise at the Offshore Fire Training Centre. The course was 370 m long and had 19.4 m of vertical ascent and descent using the stairs on simulated offshore structures. Inspired ventilation and oxygen consumption were measured using the P. K. Morgan `Oxylog` and subjects breathed through the apparatus by mouthpiece and one-way valve assembly while wearing a nose clip. Oxygen consumption and ventilation were related to body weight and the maximum figures for ventilation and oxygen consumption were seen in individuals of over the 95th centile for weight who completed the exercise more quickly than other subjects. Draft standards for respiratory protective equipment for use during escape from fire do not specify the breathing volumes identified in this study, and which are considerably higher than those being currently considered. Additionally, the atmospheric conditions near a fire are likely to stimulate ventilation to considerably higher levels than those identified here. Accordingly, such equipment is likely to limit physical performance if a similar intensity of exercise is necessary during an escape. The architecture of offshore installations and protocols for escape from them should be structured to minimize exercise, and stair climbing should be avoided if emergency respirators are to be used. Workers should be trained in the use of escape breathing equipment and instruction should include information regarding its limitations and the need to limit exercise to an appropriate level. (Author)

  10. Determination and environmental estimation of NORMs in marine sediment environment of offshore platforms; Determinacao e avaliacao ambiental de NORMs em sedimento marinho entorno de plataformas offshore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vegueria, Sergio F. Jerez, E-mail: sfjerez@vm.uff.br [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Departamento de Quimica Analitica; Godoy, Jose M., E-mail: rccampos@puc-rio.br, E-mail: jmgodoy@puc-rio.br [Instituto de Radioprotecao e Dosimetria (IRD/CNEN-RJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    The natural radioactive materials (NORM known as) are found in the earth's crust, and during the process of production of oil and gas are concentrated in the produced water and the fouling (scale) pipes used for extraction. The production of oil and gas from produced water comes, comprising: forming water (water naturally present in the well ); injection water , usually sea water previously injected into the well to maintaining the pressure while the oil is removed; and water condensed in some cases of gas production. A high radioactivity of {sup 226}Ra (natural grade of {sup 238}U) and {sup 228}Ra (from the natural series of {sup 232}Th) is detected in produced water due to the high solubility of radio in formation water as uranium and thorium, which are insoluble in this medium, remain the rock matrix. The study was conducted in the area of offshore oil production in the state of Rio de January and included the determination of uranium, {sup 226}Ra, {sup 210}Pb and {sup 228}Ra in marine sediment near the points of discharge of produced water from oil platforms. After the pre-treatment and digestion of samples, the determination of the natural uranium was performed on a mass spectrometer with inductively coupled plasma (ICP -MS). The activities of {sup 226}Ra and {sup 228}Ra were determined by high resolution gamma spectrometry through {sup 214}Bi and {sup 228}Ac , respectively. And in the case of {sup 210}Pb, a correction was made for self-absorption employing an external source of this radionuclide. The results showed that there is no impact in sediments in the vicinity of the studied platforms.

  11. Implementing a mentoring program : an application to the production platforms offshore Campeche

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez-Garcia, G.; Cataneda-Roldan, M.A. [Pemex Exploration and Production, Mexico City (Mexico)

    2001-06-01

    A mentoring program was implemented at the Pemex Exploration and Production facilities offshore Campeche to focus on the higher level in a core group of engineers in charge of offshore oil production facilities. This mentoring program consisted of a well organized plan to enroll people into learning courses to broaden their scope of knowledge and to improve their performances. The scope of the mentoring program included seven main managerial areas including planning, exploration, industrial safety, finance, administration, production and maintenance. This effort has resulted in the implementation of business-oriented behaviour between the professionals and has improved the safety of the working environment. All participants expressed satisfaction with the program. 4 refs., 1 fig.

  12. A Comparison of Platform Options for Deep-water Floating Offshore Vertical Axis Wind Turbines: An Initial Study.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bull, Diana L; Fowler, Matthew; Goupee, Andrew

    2014-08-01

    This analysis utilizes a 5 - MW VAWT topside design envelope created by Sandia National Laborator ies to compare floating platform options fo r each turbine in the design space. The platform designs are based on two existing designs, the OC3 Hywind spar - buoy and Principal Power's WindFloat semi - submersible. These designs are scaled using Froude - scaling relationships to determine an appropriately sized spar - buoy and semi - submersible design for each topside. Both the physical size of the required platform as well as mooring configurations are considered. Results are compared with a comparable 5 - MW HAWT in order to identify potential differences in the platform and mooring sizing between the VAWT and HAWT . The study shows that there is potential for cost savings due to reduced platform size requirements for the VAWT.

  13. Oxygen consumption and ventilation during simulated escape from an offshore oil platform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, J A; Henderson, G D; Howie, R M

    1997-03-01

    Twenty-six male workers from the North Sea offshore oil industry took part in a simulated escape exercise at the Offshore Fire Training Centre. The course was 370 m long and had 19.4 m of vertical ascent and descent using the stairs on simulated offshore structures. Inspired ventilation and oxygen consumption were measured using the P. K. Morgan "Oxylog' and subjects breathed through the apparatus by mouthpiece and one-way valve assembly while wearing a nose clip. On comparison with anthropometric data from larger studies, this sample of the offshore work-force was thought to be representative. The mean duration of the exercise period was 371 s (SD = 24 s, range = 325-424 s). Mean oxygen consumption standing still at the start of the trial was 0.421 min-1 (SD = 0.101 min-1, max. = 0.611 min-1) and mean ventilation 12.351 min-1 (SD = 4.251 min-1, max. = 22.271 min-1). During exercise, the mean oxygen consumption rose to 2.711 min-1 (SD = 0.641 min-1, max = 4.051 min-1) and mean ventilation reached 46.341 min-1 (SD = 15.831 min-1, max = 87.361 min-1) during the fifth minute of exercise. At the end of the exercise period, oxygen consumption returned to resting values after 2 min and ventilation after 3 min. There was no indication of an oxygen debt. Oxygen consumption and ventilation were related to body weight and the maximum figures for ventilation and oxygen consumption were seen in individuals of over the 95th centile for weight who completed the exercise more quickly than other subjects. Draft standards for respiratory protective equipment for use during escape from fire do not specify the breathing volumes identified in this study, and which are considerably higher than those being currently considered. Additionally, the atmospheric conditions near a fire are likely to stimulate ventilation to considerably higher levels than those identified here. Accordingly, such equipment is likely to limit physical performance if a similar intensity of exercise is necessary

  14. Application of the Flexible Ceramic Internal Coating Technology of Offshore Platform Fire Water Pipeline%海洋平台消防水管线柔性陶瓷内涂技术的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文若; 陈珣

    2014-01-01

    In order to improve the corrosion resistance of offshore platform fire water pipeline , and extend the life of the pipeline, a new type of flexible ceramic (CeRam-Kote 54) internal coating technology is used for the corrosion construction of the fire water pipelines on an offshore platform .The technology requirements for the construction , inspection control difficulties and key points are summarized .The result showed that the internal coating technology has obvious advantages than conventional tech -nology , and the construction is simple , it can be widely applied in fire water pipeline on offshore platform .%为了提高海洋平台消防水管线的内防腐性能,延长管线的使用寿命,采用一种新型柔性陶瓷涂料( CeRam-Kote 54)内涂技术,对某海洋平台消防水管线进行内防腐施工,并对该施工技术的要求和检验控制难点、要点进行总结,结果表明,柔性陶瓷内涂技术较传统的管线防腐技术有明显的优势,且施工简便,可广泛应用于海洋平台消防水管线。

  15. 'Narwhal', a new-generation (self-propelled) semisubmersible platform for the Netherlands Offshore Co. (NOC) group

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-10-21

    ''Narwhal'', a new-generation self-propelled semisubmersible platform for the Netherlands Offshore Co. (NOC) Group, will be delivered in 1978. It is designed as a work platform and can be used virtually at all times (88% availability), is equipped with a 2000 ton crane, measures 145 x 52 x 36 m, and has a draft of 7.50 m in transit and 23.5 m in the working position. The displacement in the working position is 94,000 tons, and it can carry a 5000 ton load distributed over its 4000 sq m area. Propulsion is effected by two electrically driven screws with 160 rpm speed and variable pitch, developing 10,000 hp to give a 9 knot cruising speed. A 250 man crew can live aboard the platform. Conventional anchoring facilities include ten electrically driven Skagit-type drum winches and ten Delta Flipper anchors weighing 15 tons each. The ballast tanks hold about 62,000 tons of liquids; the vessel also carries 900 tons of potable water and 2000 tons of diesel fuel. The main crane is an IHC/Gusto/Sumitomo Heavy Industries model 2000 H DB-B. There is also an American Hoist 9299 crane lifting 165 tons to 20 m, and various sizes of steam and hydraulic pile drivers can be provided.

  16. PROVANN: Model System for Chronic Exposure of Larval and Adult Fish to Releases from Offshore Petroleum Platforms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reed, M.; Rye, H. [IKU Petroleumsforskning A/S, Trondheim (Norway); Melbye, A.; Johnsen, S.

    1996-12-31

    Produced water from offshore oil and gas production platforms contains a variety of hydrocarbons, heavy metals, and production chemicals. Vertical and horizontal mixing generally brings concentrations in discharge plumes below level associated with acute effects within 500 or 1000 m of the source. Chronic effects outside this region remain a potential problem. The purpose of PROVANN, the system of models described in this paper, is to assess the potential for chronic effects from produced water. The preliminary focus is on potential bioaccumulation and boimagnification of produced water constituents in the marine food web. Other possible types of chronic effects, such as reduced fecundity, or pheromone response interference, can also be assessed to the extent that such effects may be correlated with exposure. PROVANN simulates 3-dimensional transport, dilution, and degradation of chemicals released into the water, from one or more simultaneous sources. 8 refs., 10 figs., 3 tabs.

  17. Exergy analysis of offshore processes on North Sea oil and gas platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nguyen, Tuong-Van; Pierobon, Leonardo; Elmegaard, Brian

    2012-01-01

    Offshore processes are associated with significant energy consumption and large CO2 emissions. Conventional North Sea oil and gas facilities include the following operations: crude oil separation, gas compression and purification, wastewater treatment, gas lifting, seawater injection and power...... exergy losses amount to 22.3 MW. The gas lifting train and the production-separation module are the most exergy-destructive operations of the oil and gas processing system, consuming 8.83 MW and 8.17 MW respectively, while the power generation system alone is responsible for 46.7 MW. The exergetic...

  18. An integrated approach for gas dispersion, gas explosion and structural impact analysis for an offshore production platform on the Dutch continental shelf

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Korndörffer, W.; Schaap, D.; Heijden, A.M.A. van der; Versloot, N.H.A.

    2004-01-01

    The design of an offshore gas production platform has been subjected to an extensive quantitative risk analysis in particular with regard to its resistance to gas explosions loads. It was demonstrated that integration of the physical and structural effects of a gas explosion in an early stage of the

  19. Data from: Marine fouling assemblages on offshore gas platforms in the southern North Sea: effects of depth and distance from shore on biodiversity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stap, van der Tim; Coolen, J.W.P.; Lindeboom, H.J.

    2016-01-01

    This data was collected to determine whether the composition and the abundance of species assemblages changes with depth and along a distance from shore gradient. The species assemblage on offshore gas platforms in the Dutch part of the North Sea was inventoried using ROV inspection footage. The

  20. 海洋平台结构振动控制研究综述%Review on the Study of Structure Vibration Control for Offshore Platforms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖宇维; 孙树民

    2012-01-01

    The vibration of offshore platforms will harm staff's physical and mental health, cause fatigue and destruction of the structure, reduce practicality, survivability and maneuverability of offshore platforms and bring a series of threat to oil mining. This paper mainly introduces the study and application status of structure vibration control of offshore platforms and focuses on the passive control, active control and semi-active control technology. Finally some problems on structure vibration control offshore platforms are puts forward.%海洋平台结构的振动将会影响工作人员的身心健康,导致结构疲劳和破坏,降低平台的实用性、生存性以及可操作性,给海上油气顺利开采带来一系列的威胁。本文主要对海洋平台结构振动控制的研究和应用现状做了简要的介绍,并重点介绍了被动控制、主动控制以及半主动控制技术。最后提出了海洋平台结构振动控制存在的一些问题。

  1. Architectural Requirements for Building Context-Aware Services Platforms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Halasz, E.; Dockhorn Costa, P.; Pereira Filho, J.G.; Lukovszki, C.; Marosits, T.; van Sinderen, Marten J.

    Context-aware platforms aim at providing support to application designers to conceive their context-aware applications using services, mechanisms and interfaces that shield them from the complexity introduced by handling contextual information. This paper explores the essential requirements to be

  2. Architectural Requirements for Building Context-Aware Services Platforms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dockhorn Costa, P.; Pereira Filho, J.G.; Sinderen, van M.J.; Halasz, E.; Lukovszki, C.; Marosits, T.

    2003-01-01

    Context-aware platforms aim at providing support to application designers to conceive their context-aware applications using services, mechanisms and interfaces that shield them from the complexity introduced by handling contextual information. This paper explores the essential requirements to be sa

  3. A bilevel decomposition technique for the optimal planning of offshore platforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.C.A. Carvalho

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available There is a great incentive for developing systematic approaches that effectively identify strategies for planning oilfield complexes. This paper proposes an MILP that relies on a reformulation of the model developed by Tsarbopoulou (UCL M.S. Dissertation, London, 2000. Moreover, a bilevel decomposition technique is applied to the MILP. A master problem determines the assignment of platforms to wells and a planning subproblem calculates the timing for fixed assignments. Furthermore, a heuristic search procedure that relies on the distance between platforms and wells is applied in order to reduce the search region. Results show that the decomposition approach using heuristic generates optimal solutions for instances of up to 500 wells and 25 platforms in 10 discrete time periods that otherwise could not be solved with a full-scale approach. One important feature regarding these instances is that they correspond to problems of real-world dimension.

  4. Risk perceptions of offshore workers on UK oil and gas platforms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, M; Flin, R; Mearns, K; Gordon, R

    1998-02-01

    Knowledge of the workforce's risk perceptions and attitudes to safety is necessary for the development of a safety culture, where each person accepts responsibility for working safely. The ACSNI Human Factors report stresses the importance of assessing workforce perceptions of risk to achieve a proper safety culture. Risk perception research has been criticized for insufficient analysis of the causal relationships between risk factors and perceived risk. The present study reports some of the factors which predicted risk perception in a sample of 622 employees from six UKCS offshore oil installations who completed a 15-section questionnaire. This paper focuses on the accuracy of workers' risk perceptions and what underlying factors predict the perception of personal risk from both major and minor hazards.

  5. Seismic Performance and Ice-Induced Vibration Control of Offshore Platform Structures Based on the ISO-PFD-SMA Brace System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jigang Zhang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Pall-typed frictional damper (PFD has higher capacity of energy dissipation, whereas shape memory alloy (SMA has excellent superelastic performance. Therefore, combining PFD and SMA together as a brace system has a great prospect in vibration control of structures. This paper investigates the performance of offshore platform with three structural configurations including the SMA brace system, the ISO-SMA (where ISO stands for isolation brace system, and the ISO-PFD-SMA brace system, which are subjected to seismic and ice-induced excitations. In this study, PFD-SMA brace system is installed on the isolation layer of jacket platform, which is under earthquake excitations and ice loading. Then, the reduction of vibration is evaluated by using ANSYS program. The results show that the PFD-SMA brace system is useful in reducing the seismic response and ice-induced response of offshore platform structures; meanwhile, it also demonstrates excellent energy dissipation and hysteretic behavior.

  6. Offshore platform construction for sea areas where there is danger of iceberg collisions. Fralands plattformkonstruksjon for havomraader hvor Det er fare for kollisjon med isfjell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kure, G.; Jenssen, D.; Naesje, K.

    1984-11-19

    The patent concerns an offshore platform designed to be secured on the sea bed particularly in areas where there is danger of iceberg collisions. The platform construction comprises a foundation with a carrier section which normally supports a platform deck. The foundation has considerably larger diameter than the supporting section and is circular or polygonal. The basis has a protection section with an outer and an inner wall which is connected with each other by a number of vertical and horizontal partition walls that divide the protection section in a number of cells and chambers. The protection section is separated from the supporting section. 6 drawings.

  7. Numerical Prediction of Experimentally Observed Behavior of a Scale Model of an Offshore Wind Turbine Supported by a Tension-Leg Platform: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prowell, I.; Robertson, A.; Jonkman, J.; Stewart, G. M.; Goupee, A. J.

    2013-01-01

    Realizing the critical importance the role physical experimental tests play in understanding the dynamics of floating offshore wind turbines, the DeepCwind consortium conducted a one-fiftieth-scale model test program where several floating wind platforms were subjected to a variety of wind and wave loading condition at the Maritime Research Institute Netherlands wave basin. This paper describes the observed behavior of a tension-leg platform, one of three platforms tested, and the systematic effort to predict the measured response with the FAST simulation tool using a model primarily based on consensus geometric and mass properties of the test specimen.

  8. Reliability Analysis for the Fatigue Limit State of the ASTRID Offshore Platform

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vrouwenvelder, A.C.W.M.; Gostelie, E.M.

    1986-01-01

    A reliability analysis with respect to fatigue failure was performed for a concrete gravity platform designed for the Troll field. The reliability analysis was incorporated in the practical design-loop to gain more insight into the complex fatigue problem. In the analysis several parameters relating

  9. Comparative immune responses of corals to stressors associated with offshore reef-based tourist platforms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van de Water, Jeroen A J M; Lamb, Joleah B; van Oppen, Madeleine J H; Willis, Bette L; Bourne, David G

    2015-01-01

    Unravelling the contributions of local anthropogenic and seasonal environmental factors in suppressing the coral immune system is important for prioritizing management actions at reefs exposed to high levels of human activities. Here, we monitor health of the model coral Acropora millepora adjacent to a high-use and an unused reef-based tourist platform, plus a nearby control site without a platform, over 7 months spanning a typical austral summer. Comparisons of temporal patterns in a range of biochemical and genetic immune parameters (Toll-like receptor signalling pathway, lectin-complement system, prophenoloxidase-activating system and green fluorescent protein-like proteins) among healthy, injured and diseased corals revealed that corals exhibit a diverse array of immune responses to environmental and anthropogenic stressors. In healthy corals at the control site, expression of genes involved in the Toll-like receptor signalling pathway (MAPK p38, MEKK1, cFos and ATF4/5) and complement system (C3 and Bf) was modulated by seasonal environmental factors in summer months. Corals at reef platform sites experienced additional stressors over the summer, as evidenced by increased expression of various immune genes, including MAPK p38 and MEKK1. Despite increased expression of immune genes, signs of white syndromes were detected in 31% of study corals near tourist platforms in the warmest summer month. Evidence that colonies developing disease showed reduced expression of genes involved in the complement pathway prior to disease onset suggests that their immune systems may have been compromised. Responses to disease and physical damage primarily involved the melanization cascade and GFP-like proteins, and appeared to be sufficient for recovery when summer heat stress subsided. Overall, seasonal and anthropogenic factors may have interacted synergistically to overwhelm the immune systems of corals near reef platforms, leading to increased disease prevalence in summer at

  10. Study on Rescyling of Flaring Gas from Offshore Platforms%海上平台火炬放空天然气回收利用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡徐彦

    2015-01-01

    The idle 12" oil pipeline was checked, and transformation process was studied to transform it to natural gas. Conditions, strength, corrosion and structure of the oil pipeline were studied. The result showed that it can be safety working under the pressure 1.0 MPa and under the temperature 40 ℃. After appropriate process modification, the oil pipeline can transport 286 thousand cubic meters as maximum peer day, and fully met the requirements for transport of natural gas to completely recycle associated gas of the offshore platforms, the goal of zero emissions can be achieved. It will be a good reference for the development and transformation of offshore oilfield.%对现有闲置的12"输油海管线进行了分析校核,并通过工艺改造将其用于天然气的输送。工艺、强度、防腐、结构等方面的校核结果表明,该海管在最大操作压力不超过1.0 MPa,最大操作温度不超过40℃时,符合规范要求,具备安全使用条件。经适当的工艺改造后该12"海管最大输气量为28.6万方/天,完全满足天然气的输送要求,实现该海上平台伴生气全部回收利用,达到零排放的目标,对海洋油气田的开发生产、改造具有良好的参考价值。

  11. 海上石油平台噪声危害现状调查%A survey of current status of noise hazard on offshore oil platforms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁宇

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the noise distribution characteristics,workers' exposure to noise,and protective measures against noise on offshore oil platforms.Methods Six offshore oil platforms with a similar scale of production from China National Offshore Oil Corporation were selected from June to October,2015 to conduct a field investigation of occupational health and detection of risk factors for occupational diseases and to know the current status of noise hazard on offshore oil platforms.Results Among the 373 sites for noise measurement,69.7% had a noise level of ≥80 dB (A);among the 196 sites for noise measurement in the area with noisy equipment,86.7% had a noise level of ≥80 dB (A);among the 177 sites for noise measurement in the area without noisy equipment,50.8% had a noise level of ≥80 dB (A).The actual sound attenuation of earplugs used on platforms was 18.6 dB (A),and if they were worn correctly,they had a maximum value of noise protection of 103.6 dB (A).The workers engaged in indoor operation were exposed to noise for 0.5~1.0 hour per day,and the 40 h/week equivalent sound level (weekly noise exposure,LEX,W) met the requirements in GBZ 2.2-2007 Occupational exposure limits for hazardous agents in the workplace Part 2:Physical agents [85 dB (A)].The workers engaged in outdoor operation were exposed to noise for 6.0~8.0 hours per day,and the over-standard rate of LEX,W was 53.7%.The noise exposure level showed a significant difference between the two groups,and indoor operation workers had a significantly lower noise exposure level than outdoor operation workers [(69.8±3.4) dB (A) vs (85.5±3.5) dB (A),P<0.05].Conclusion Noise sources on offshore oil platforms show the characteristic of centralized distribution,and noisy equipment have a great impact on the area without noisy equipment.The noise exposure level differs significantly between workers engaged in indoor and outdoor operation,and noise protection mainly relies on personal

  12. Seismic Performance Evaluation of the Jacket Type Offshore Platforms through Incremental Dynamic Analysis considering Soil-Pile-Structure Interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asgarian, Behrouz; Shokrgozar, Hamed R.; Talarposhti, Ali Shakeri

    2008-07-01

    Of great interest in Performance-Based Earthquake Engineering (PBEE) is the accurate estimation of the seismic performance of structures. A performance prediction and evaluation procedure is based on nonlinear dynamics and reliability theory. In this method, a full integration over the three key stochastic models is as follow: ground motion hazard curve, nonlinear dynamic displacement demand, and displacement capacity. Further, both epistemic and aleatory uncertainties are evaluated and carried through the analysis. In this paper, jacket and soil-pile system have been modeled using Finite Element program (OpenSees) and the incremental dynamic analysis (IDA) are performed to investigate nonlinear behavior of offshore platforms. The system demand is determined by performing time history response analyses of the jacket under a suite of FEMA/SAC uniform hazard ground motions. The system capacity in terms of the drift ratio against incipient collapse is generally difficult to predict since the structural response goes into nonlinear range before collapse. All the analyses are performed in two directions and the results are compared with each others. The confidence level of a jacket in each direction for a given hazard level is calculated using the procedure described.

  13. Generation and application of a standardized load-time history to tubular T-joints in offshore platforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shan-shan; Cui, Wei-cheng

    2015-10-01

    Marine structures are mostly made of metals and always experience complex random loading during their service periods. The fatigue crack growth behaviors of metal materials have been proved from laboratory tests to be sensitive to the loading sequence encountered. In order to take account of the loading sequence effect, fatigue life prediction should be based on fatigue crack propagation (FCP) theory rather than the currently used cumulative fatigue damage (CFD) theory. A unified fatigue life prediction (UFLP) method for marine structures has been proposed by the authors' group. In order to apply the UFLP method for newly designed structures, authorities such as the classification societies should provide a standardized load-time history (SLH) such as the TWIST and FALSTAFF sequences for transport and fighter aircraft. This paper mainly aims at proposing a procedure to generate the SLHs for marine structures based on a short-term loading sample and to provide an illustration on how to use the presented SLH to a typical tubular T-joint in an offshore platform based on the UFLP method.

  14. Characterizing pinniped use of offshore oil and gas platforms as haulouts and foraging areas in waters off southern California from 2013-01-01 to 2015-01-31 (NCEI Accession 0138984)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) and Pacific harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) use offshore oil and gas platforms as resting and foraging areas. Both...

  15. Application of an elastic 2D tube-waveform tomography to estimate the shear modulus in the vicinity of the FINO3 offshore platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Köhn, D.; Wilken, D.; Rabbel, W.

    2012-04-01

    The FINO3 project is aimed at the construction of an offshore research platform in the north-sea, hosting research projects dealing with offshore wind energy topics. As part of FINO3 our sub-project deals with the development of new seismic acquisition and inversion concepts for offshore-building foundation soil analysis. We are focussed on the determination of seismic parameters and structural information of the building plot of the platform. Possible changes of the shear modulus of the sediments in the vicinity of the FINO3 monopile due to mechanic loads on the platform are estimated by a tube-waveform tomography. The tube-waves are excited by a hammer blow at the internal wall of the FINO3 monopile above the water line. The tube-waves are propagating through the water column and the sediments and are measured in situ by hydrophones at the external wall of the monopile. Homogenous long wavelength starting models for the waveform tomography are estimated using simple 2D finite difference models. Possible shear-wave velocity starting models range from 150-300 m/s. The resolution of the tube-waveform tomography is estimated by simple chequerboard and random media models. Additionally first results of the data application in the vicinity of the monopile are presented.

  16. 海洋平台舱室舾装布置及舾装板隔声%Outfitting Arrangement and Sound Insulation of Offshore Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    By analyzing the structural characteristic and the sound insulation property of the outfitting panel, the sound insulation empirical values of several types of outfitting panels of offshore platform were obtained. The results from the mea-surement in laboratory and the measurement in real offshore platform were compared mutually. It was found that the noise insulation property can be improved by increasing the thickness of the internal cavity of the double-layer outfitting panel. Re-sults of this work provide a reference for design and installation of outfitting panels on offshore platform.%  通过讨论舾装板结构特点及其隔声性能,得到海洋平台常用舾装板结构的隔声经验值,为海洋平台整体噪声预测分析提供一定的参考。比较大量的实验室测量数据和实船测试数据,可通过加厚双层舾装板的空腔夹层以提高其低频隔声性能,大大节约生产成本。可为舾装设计安装提供参考。

  17. An Integrated Approach to Fatigue Life Prediction of Whole System for Offshore Platforms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方华灿; 段梦兰; 许发彦; 吴永宁; 樊晓东

    2001-01-01

    The failure of one or even more components usually does not lead to the collapse of the whole structure. Most of theanalysis of fatigue is centered on only a single component which the researchers are interested in or much attentionshould be paid to. However, the collapse of a structure is the result of failure of a series of components in a specific orderor path. This paper proposes an integrated approach to fatigue life prediction of whole structural system for offshoreplatforms, mainly describing the basic principles and prediction method. A method is presented for determining the fail-ure path of the whole structure system and calculating the fatigue life in the determined failure path. The correspondingfinal collapse criteria for the whole structure system are discussed. A simple method of equivalent fatigue stress range cal-culation and a mathematical model of structural component fatigue life estimation in consideration of sea wave and seaice loads are provided. As an application of the proposed approach, a fixed production platform Bohai No. 8 is chosenfor the predication of fatigue life of the whole structure system by means of the software OSFAC developed based on thepresent methods.

  18. Geriatric infrastructure, BRAC, and ecosystem service markets? End-of-life decisions for dams, roads, and offshore platforms (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, M. W.

    2010-12-01

    US infrastructure expanded dramatically in the mid-20th century, and now includes more than 79,000 dams, 15,000 miles of levees, 3.7 million miles of roads, 600,000 miles of sewer pipe, 500,000 onshore oil wells, and over 4,000 offshore oil platforms. Many structures have been in place for 50 years or more, and an increasing portion of national infrastructure is approaching or exceeding its originally intended design life. Bringing national infrastructure to acceptable levels would cost nearly 10% of the US annual GDP. Decommissioning infrastructure can decrease public spending and increase public safety while facilitating economic expansion and ecological restoration. While most infrastructure remains critical to the national economy, a substantial amount is obsolete or declining in importance. Over 11,000 dams are abandoned, and of nearly 400,000 miles of road on its lands, the U.S. Forest Service considers one-fourth non-essential and often non-functional. Removing obsolete infrastructure allows greater focus and funding on maintaining or improving infrastructure most critical to society. Moreover, a concerted program of infrastructure decommissioning promises significant long-term cost savings, and is a necessary step before more substantial, systematic changes are possible, like those needed to address the new energy sources and shifting climate. One key challenge for infrastructure reform is how to prioritize and implement such a widespread and politically-charged series of decisions. Two approaches are proposed for different scales. For small, private infrastructure, emerging state and federal ecosystem service markets can provide an economic impetus to push infrastructure removal. Ecosystem market mechanisms may also be most effective at identifying those projects with the greatest ecological bang for the buck. Examples where this approach has proved successful include dam removal for stream mitigation under the Clean Water Act, and levee decommissioning on

  19. Measurement and Analysis of Extreme Wave and Ice Actions in the Great Lakes for Offshore Wind Platform Design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    England, Tony [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). College of Engineering; van Nieuwstadt, Lin [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). College of Engineering; De Roo, Roger [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). College of Engineering; Karr, Dale [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). College of Engineering; Lozenge, David [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). College of Engineering; Meadows, Guy [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). College of Engineering

    2016-05-30

    This project, funded by the Department of Energy as DE-EE0005376, successfully measured wind-driven lake ice forces on an offshore structure in Lake Superior through one of the coldest winters in recent history. While offshore regions of the Great Lakes offer promising opportunities for harvesting wind energy, these massive bodies of freshwater also offer extreme and unique challenges. Among these challenges is the need to anticipate forces exerted on offshore structures by lake ice. The parameters of interest include the frequency, extent, and movement of lake ice, parameters that are routinely monitored via satellite, and ice thickness, a parameter that has been monitored at discrete locations over many years and is routinely modeled. Essential relationships for these data to be of use in the design of offshore structures and the primary objective of this project are measurements of maximum forces that lake ice of known thicknesses might exert on an offshore structure.

  20. Utilisation of the GMES Sentinel satellites for off-shore platform oil spills and gas flaring monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Erasmo, Daniele; Casadio, Stefano; Cardaci, Massimo; Del Frate, Fabio

    2013-04-01

    Oil spills and gas flaring are serious issues for ecosystem, economy and people working on the extraction sites. Oil spill is known. Gas Flaring is the disposal of poison waste gases generated in the oil extraction process. High volumes (every year gas flaring burns worldwide the equivalent of 25% of the overall gas burned in Europe), significantly contributing to the global carbon emission budget (0.5% of total, 2008). European and worldwide legislation pays an increasing attention to it. Our Sentinel1 and 3 SAR and SLSTR usage for this objective won the GMES Masters 2012 IDEAS Challenge. In this study, we use SAR and infrared/thermal (SLSTR) data to identify unexpected misbehaviours of oil platforms, like switch on of the flare and oil spill in the ocean. On one side, the detection and characterization of gas flaring is achieved by analysing the infrared/thermal radiances measured by the SLSTR instrument on-board SENTINEL-3. This technique has been developed and tested using the ENVISAT Along Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) dataset and proved to be adequate for long term monitoring of oil extraction for both off-shore and in-shore drilling stations. The spatial/temporal coverage provided by SENTINEL-3 will allow an unprecedented daily monitoring of the oil extraction platforms. On the other side, the detection of oil spills and ships can be performed using Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR). Both for oil spills and ships, many techniques have been published in the dedicated literature and validated to make the process of detection from SAR automatic. The extension of these techniques to the future SENTINEL-1 data is feasible. The service is mainly addressed to governments (in charge of controlling respect of the rules), civil protection authorities (to promote prevention of pollution damages), oil companies (that want to prove their respect of rules and attention to the environment), and ONGs (involved in the monitoring of the environment). The methodology applied

  1. Reliability assessment of offshore platforms exposed to wave-in-deck loading. Appendix F: Reliability analysis of offshore jacket structures with wave load on deck using the model correction factor method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dalsgaard Soerensen, J. [Aalborg Univ., Aalborg (Denmark); Friis-Hansen, P. [Technical Univ. Denmark, Lyngby (Denmark); Bloch, A.; Svejgaard Nielsen, J. [Ramboell, Esbjerg (Denmark)

    2004-08-01

    Different simple stochastic models for failure related to pushover collapse are investigated. Next, a method is proposed to estimate the reliability of real offshore jacket structures. The method is based on the Model Correction Factor Method and can be used to very efficiently to estimate the reliability for total failure/collapse of jacket type platforms with wave in deck loads. A realistic example is evaluated and it is seen that it is possible to perform probabilistic reliability analysis for collapse of a jacket type platform using the model correction factor method. The total number of deterministic, complicated, non-linear (RONJA) analysis is typically as low as 10. Such reliability analyses are recommended to be used in practical applications, especially for cases with wave in deck load, where the traditional RSR analyses give poor measures of the structural reliability. (au)

  2. 近海小平台风光互补电源系统研制%Research on the application of solar-wind complementary power supply system for small offshore platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴晓; 林航毅; 周江南

    2016-01-01

    Solar-wind complementary power supply system has been widely used in various ifelds. If the green and environmental protection energy supply is applied to offshore platform, the problem of the energy supply of the offshore platform is solved. The project uses a variety of new materials and cutting-edge technology, such as maximum power tracking technology and lithium iron phosphate battery, the solar power system can meet the requirements of the earthquake unattended station.%风光互补电源系统已经在各领域得到广泛应用,将该绿色、环保的能源供给方式用于近海小平台,将解决海洋平台能源供给难题。采用最大功率跟踪技术和磷酸铁锂电池等新型材料和前沿技术,研制风光互补电源系统,可满足地震无人值守台站的工作要求。

  3. Model Development and Loads Analysis of an Offshore Wind Turbine on a Tension Leg Platform with a Comparison to Other Floating Turbine Concepts: April 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matha, D.

    2010-02-01

    This report presents results of the analysis of a 5-MW wind turbine located on a floating offshore tension leg platform (TLP) that was conducted using the fully coupled time-domain aero-hydro-servo-elastic design code FAST with AeroDyn and HydroDyn. The report also provides a description of the development process of the TLP model. The model has been verified via comparisons to frequency-domain calculations. Important differences have been identified between the frequency-domain and time-domain simulations, and have generated implications for the conceptual design process. An extensive loads and stability analysis for ultimate and fatigue loads according to the procedure of the IEC 61400-3 offshore wind turbine design standard was performed with the verified TLP model. This report compares the loads for the wind turbine on the TLP to those of an equivalent land-based turbine. Major instabilities for the TLP are identified and described.

  4. 近海捕贝作业平台技术经济论证模型及应用%Technical and economical evaluation model of offshore scallops capture operation platform and its application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张光发; 张斌; 许家帅; 吕健

    2016-01-01

    为了辅助一种近海捕贝作业平台的方案决策,使其达到较佳经济效果,以解决近海扇贝养殖捕捞生产中的能耗大、劳动强度高、捕捞效率低以及捕捞效果差的问题,该文根据给定的营运条件、捕捞能力和贝类资源情况,对其进行了技术经济论证研究。选取捕贝平台的拖网主机功率、平台跨距、平台锚次横移时间、平台总建造成本、平台拖网速度作为论证的参数,以单位面积捕捞油耗、单位捕捞成本、捕捞效率为经济评价指标,建立了近海捕贝作业平台技术经济论证模型。基于该模型利用比较论证方法对渔船捕捞方式与捕贝作业平台捕捞方式进行了经济性计算,然后对选取的技术经济参数进行了敏感性分析。结果表明:当平台拖网主机功率400~470 kW、平台跨距0.5~3.0 km、平台锚次横移时间2.0 h以下、平台捕捞拖网速度1.4 kn以上、平台总建造成本低于2750万元时,平台捕捞方案比渔船捕捞方案具有明显的优势。实例计算证明,利用该文提出的技术经济论证模型,通过比较分析论证方法,可得到捕捞作业平台的技术参数范围,为新型近海捕贝作业平台的技术参数设计与实施提供参考。%At present, trawl fishing as a traditional method is widely used in shellfish harvesting at home and abroad. However, using this method to catch the scallops has many disadvantages, such as huge energy consumption, high labor intensity, and poor fishing efficiency, which have become the key questions to restrict the sustainable development of marine fishing industry. Therefore, it’s very worth researching alternative scallop fishing equipment to meet the requirements of green development. The offshore scallop capture equipment is made up of platform deck, floating body and mooring, which is a kind of floating offshore engineering structure. This equipment occupies multiple

  5. Atmospheric metallic and arsenic pollution at an offshore drilling platform in the Bo Sea: A health risk assessment for the workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Hong; Han, Suqin; Bi, Xiaohui; Zhao, Zhijing; Zhang, Lei; Yang, Wenjie; Zhang, Min; Chen, Jing; Wu, Jianhui; Zhang, Yufen; Feng, Yinchang

    2016-03-05

    To investigate the ambient metal pollution at the offshore drilling platform in the Bo Sea, which few studies have focused on, PM2.5 samples were collected and ten heavy metals, as well as As, were analyzed. High concentration levels of metals were observed, and the heavy metal pollution was quite serious compared to air quality standards and other marine areas. Back trajectories and wind dependent and PCA analyses showed that the marine sources included ship traffic emissions and corrosive stainless steels from the equipment at the platform as well as industrial emissions from stainless steel production and coal combustion sources, which were transported from the surrounding mainland. Both contributed greatly to the ambient metallic particles at the offshore platform. The Hazard Index values of the metals, which were much less than 1, the Carcinogenic Risk data, which were lower than the EPA's acceptable range, and the fact that the metal concentrations did not the exceed the permissible exposure limits of OSHA, indicated that the health risks from the ambient metallic particles for the oil-drilling workers were not significant.

  6. Telecommunications in connection with the offshore petroleum activity. Telekommunikasjon i forbindelse med petroleumsvirksomhet til havs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1984-01-01

    The conference proceedings contain 19 papers. The topics covered are: Telecommunications in the North Sea; Who has the telecommunications engineering capacity. Concession obligation, obligatory equipment and technical requirements - the regulations of the Norwegian Telecommunications Administration; Loudspeaker and alarm installations on offshore platforms; Telephone systems and networks for offshore platforms; Satelitte communications to platforms - present day and in the future; The use of offshore microwave communications; Power supply plants for communications systems; Radio/TV entertainment installations; Telecommunication cables for offshore applications; Electric installations in areas with a danger of explosion; Fiber optics applications and possibilities offshore; Telecommunications net for STATPIPE; Data communications; New communications systems offshore. Separate abstracts were prepared for none of the papers of the proceedings.

  7. 海洋石油平台压力仪表应用分析%Ananlysis of pressure instrument Applied in offshore oil platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林锋

    2015-01-01

    The author studied the pressure instruments appied in offshore oil platform and its design,which could be as reference to subsequent design.%文章分析了海洋石油平台压力仪表的应用情况,针对海洋石油平台压力仪表使用的现状,进行了海洋石油平台压力仪表的设计和应用分析,为后续的设计奠定基础.

  8. ESTIMATION OF AGING EFFECTS OF PILES IN MALAYSIAN OFFSHORE LOCATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JERIN M. GEORGE

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available An increasing demand for extending life and subsequently higher loading requirements of offshore jacket platforms are among the key problems faced by the offshore industry. The Aging effect has been proved to increase the axial capacity of piles, but proper methods to estimate and quantify these effects have not been developed. Borehole data from ten different Malaysian offshore locations have been analysed and they were employed to estimate the setup factor for different locations using AAU method. The setup factors found were used in the Skov and Denver equation to calculate capacity ratios of the offshore piles. The study showed that there will be an average improvement in the axial capacity of offshore piles by 42.2% and 34.9% for clayey and mixed soils respectively after a time equal to the normal design life (25 years of a jacket platform.

  9. Management of offshore wastes in the United States.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Veil, J. A.

    1998-10-22

    During the process of finding and producing oil and gas in the offshore environment operators generate a variety of liquid and solid wastes. Some of these wastes are directly related to exploration and production activities (e.g., drilling wastes, produced water, treatment workover, and completion fluids) while other types of wastes are associated with human occupation of the offshore platforms (e.g., sanitary and domestic wastes, trash). Still other types of wastes can be considered generic industrial wastes (e.g., scrap metal and wood, wastes paints and chemicals, sand blasting residues). Finally, the offshore platforms themselves can be considered waste materials when their useful life span has been reached. Generally, offshore wastes are managed in one of three ways--onsite discharge, injection, or transportation to shore. This paper describes the regulatory requirements imposed by the government and the approaches used by offshore operators to manage and dispose of wastes in the US.

  10. 浮式液化天然气用印刷板路换热器研究和应用进展%Progress of Research and Application of Printed Circuit Heat Exchanger for Offshore LNG Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王康硕; 任滔; 丁国良; 马南

    2016-01-01

    Printed circuit heat exchanger with its compact, efficient, reliable characteristics can meet the requirements of the main cryo⁃genic heat exchanger in the offshore floating natural gas liquefaction. In recent years, it has gradually become the first priority of main cry⁃ogenic heat exchangers of offshore floating natural gas liquefaction. In this paper, the progress of research and application of printed circuit heat exchanger in recent years, including the basic principle, manufacturing process based on diffusion welding, heat transfer and pres⁃sure drop characteristics, and mechanical behaviors, is reviewed;the application status of printed circuit heat exchanger in offshore LNG platform is summarized;and the key technologies that requires to be overcome in future applications in offshore LNG platform is proposed, including thermal design, manufacturing process, detection technology.%印刷板路式换热器凭借其紧凑、高效、可靠的特点能够满足海上浮式天然气液化的主低温换热器的需求,近几年逐渐成为海上浮式天然气液化的主低温换热器的首选。本文对近几年印刷板路式换热器的研究进展进行了综述,包括印刷板路式换热器的基本原理、基于扩散焊接的制造工艺、传热和流动特性、换热器机械特性等;总结了印刷板路式换热器在海上浮式液化天然气中的应用现状以及亟需攻克的关键技术,包括热力设计、制造工艺、检测技术。

  11. Hydraulic Unfreezing Jack for Offshore Production Platform%海洋油气生产平台液压解卡千斤顶

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏一凡; 吴修德; 汪永寿

    2012-01-01

    鉴于海洋油气生产平台修井机提升能力不足的问题,研制了海洋油气生产平台液压解卡千斤顶。该液压解卡千斤顶主要由同步顶升装置、液压站和控制系统3大部分组成。同步顶升装置采用4个液压缸同步运动来实现顶升解卡,液压站采用美国DYNEX多出口、超高压、大流量柱塞泵及变频控制电机。采用位移、压力传感器和西门子可编程控制器构成位置检测与控制系统,可实现精确的顶升位移和顶升力控制。现场试验情况表明,该液压解卡千斤顶投资成本低,安装周期短,操作简单,可靠性高,适应性广,能够满足海洋油气生产平台上复杂解卡工艺的要求。%Due to the insufficient lifting-up capacity of workover rig of offshore production platform, the hydrau- lic unfreezing jack was developed. The jack mainly consists of synchronous jacking-up device, hydraulic station and control system. The device adopts the synchronous motion of four hydraulic cylinders to achieve jacking-up and un- freezing. The station adopts the American DYNEX pump with multiple outlets, superhigh pressure and large dis- placement as well as variable frequency control motor. Displacement sensor, pressure sensor and Siemens program- mable controller are adopted to form the position testing and control system. The precise jacking-up displacement and jacking-up force control can be achieved. The field application shows that the jack is low in the cost of invest- ment, short in installment cycle, high in reliability and extensive in applicability. It can satisfy the requirement of the complex unfreezing technology for the platform.

  12. Prediction of offshore risks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro, J.A.A.

    1979-09-01

    Topographic and geophysical surveys of offshore drilling sites taken prior to platform installation or the commencement of drilling operations can warn operators of the presence of hazardous subsea structures or soil conditions. As illustrated by operations in Campeche Bay, the use of sonar, sidescanners, and shallow and deep profiling systems can produce reliable marine surveys that greatly reduce the risks related to offshore operations.

  13. Optimization of Organic Rankine Cycles for Off-Shore Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pierobon, Leonardo; Larsen, Ulrik; Nguyen, Tuong-Van

    2013-01-01

    In off-shore oil and gas platform efficiency, the reliability and fuel flexibility are the major concerns when selecting the gas turbine to support the electrical and mechanical demand on the platform. In order to fulfill these requirements, turbine inlet temperature and pressure ratio are not in......In off-shore oil and gas platform efficiency, the reliability and fuel flexibility are the major concerns when selecting the gas turbine to support the electrical and mechanical demand on the platform. In order to fulfill these requirements, turbine inlet temperature and pressure ratio...... and the thermal efficiency of the cycle can be maximized. This paper is aimed at finding the most optimal ORC tailored for off-shore applications using an optimization procedure based on the genetic algorithm. Numerous working fluids are screened through, considering mainly thermal efficiency, but also other...

  14. Quality Risk of Offshore Platform and Management%海工平台建造中的质量风险及应对

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑振豪; 徐世康; 吴迪军

    2016-01-01

    Quality risk is an important risk in the process of offshore platform construction. During the offshore platform construction phase: contract stage,technical design stage, equipment procurement stage, production construction stage and final stage of quality inspection, through timely analysis and con-trol the quality risk, and find out the appropriate measures, we can effectively reduce the construction cost, shorten the construction period, reduce the project delivery quality complaints and claims.%海工平台建造周期主要分为经营接单、技术设计、设备采购、生产建造和最终的质量检验等五个阶段。质量风险是海工平台建造过程中的一项重要风险,分布在海工平台的整个建造周期中。及时对质量风险进行分析控制,找出应对措施,可以有效降低建造成本,缩短建造周期,减少项目交付后的质量投诉和索赔。

  15. Comparison of concentrations and profiles of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon metabolites in bile of fishes from offshore oil platforms and natural reefs along the California coast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gale, Robert W.; Tanner, Michael J.; Love, Milton S.; Nishimoto, Mary M.; Schroeder, Donna M.

    2012-01-01

    To determine the environmental consequences of decommissioning offshore oil platforms on local and regional fish populations, contaminant loads in reproducing adults were investigated at seven platform sites and adjacent, natural sites. Specimens of three species (Pacific sanddab, Citharichthys sordidus; kelp rockfish, Sebastes atrovirens; and kelp bass, Paralabrax clathratus) residing at platforms and representing the regional background within the Santa Barbara Channel and within the San Pedro Basin were collected. Some of the most important contaminant classes related to oil operations are polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) because of their potential toxicity and carcinogenicity. However, acute exposure cannot be related directly to PAH tissue concentrations because of rapid metabolism of the parent chemicals in fish; therefore, PAH metabolites in bile were measured, targeting free hydroxylated PAHs (OH-PAHs) liberated by enzymatic hydrolysis of the bound PAH glucuronides and sulfates. An ion-pairing method was developed for confirmatory analysis that targeted PAH glucuronides and sulfates. Concentrations of hydroxylated PAHs in all samples (76 fish from platforms and 64 fish from natural sites) were low, ranging from less than the limits of detection (5 to 120 nanograms per milliliter bile; 0.03 to 42 nanograms per milligram protein) to a maximum of 320 nanograms per milliliter bile (32 nanograms per milligram protein). A previously proposed dosimeter of PAH exposure in fish, 1-hydroxypyrene, was not detected at any platform site. Low concentrations of 1-hydroxypyrene were detected in 3 of 12 kelp rockfish collected from a natural reef site off Santa Barbara. The most prevalent OH-PAH, 2-hydroxyfluorene, was detected at low concentrations in seven fish of various species; of these, four were from two of the seven platform sites. The greatest concentrations of 2-hydroxyfluorene were found in three fish of various species from Platform Holly and were only

  16. A simplified method in comparison with comprehensive interaction incremental dynamic analysis to assess seismic performance of jacket-type offshore platforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zolfaghari, M. R.; Ajamy, A.; Asgarian, B.

    2015-12-01

    The primary goal of seismic reassessment procedures in oil platform codes is to determine the reliability of a platform under extreme earthquake loading. Therefore, in this paper, a simplified method is proposed to assess seismic performance of existing jacket-type offshore platforms (JTOP) in regions ranging from near-elastic to global collapse. The simplified method curve exploits well agreement between static pushover (SPO) curve and the entire summarized interaction incremental dynamic analysis (CI-IDA) curve of the platform. Although the CI-IDA method offers better understanding and better modelling of the phenomenon, it is a time-consuming and challenging task. To overcome the challenges, the simplified procedure, a fast and accurate approach, is introduced based on SPO analysis. Then, an existing JTOP in the Persian Gulf is presented to illustrate the procedure, and finally a comparison is made between the simplified method and CI-IDA results. The simplified method is very informative and practical for current engineering purposes. It is able to predict seismic performance elasticity to global dynamic instability with reasonable accuracy and little computational effort.

  17. Mechanical professionals competency in off-shore platforms of petroleum production; Competencias dos profissionais de mecanica em plataformas off-shore de producao de petroleo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomes, Marcio do Evangelho [PETROBRAS, Macae, RJ (Brazil)]. E-mail: marc@petrobras.com.br

    2003-07-01

    The present study approaches subjects relative to the industrial work and productive restructuring. The worker's role demanded in the flexible productive process was enlarged in other domains and abilities, as the relative ones to the cognition and the personality, in opposition to the model of the worker's training for execution of restricted tasks, conceptualized by the previous paradigm. This conjunction of domains, of technique and cognition is delineated by the term competence. The objective of the work is to describe present competencies of the mechanics medium level industrial technicians at their duties in petroleum production platforms. (author)

  18. 自升式海上风机安装平台桩腿升降系统设计%Design of Leg Jacking for Offshore Wind Turbine Installation Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐蔚平; 裘继承; 薛雷刚

    2014-01-01

    本文主要介绍自升式平台桩腿升降系统形式,分析海上风机安装平台的特点,优先选择和设计一种适用风电安装平台使用的升降系统。%This paper introduces the design of leg jacking for offshore wind turbine installation platform by analyzing the characteristic of offshore wind power installation platform.

  19. The U.S. Department of Energy's Reference Facility for Offshore Renewable Energy (RFORE): A New Platform for Research and Development (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, W. J.

    2013-12-01

    Offshore renewable energy represents a significant but essentially untapped electricity resource for the U.S. Offshore wind energy is attractive for a number of reasons, including the feasibility of using much larger and more efficient wind turbines than is possible on land. In many offshore regions near large population centers, the diurnal maximum in wind energy production is also closely matched to the diurnal maximum in electricity demand, easing the balancing of generation and load. Currently, however, the cost of offshore wind energy is not competitive with other energy sources, including terrestrial wind. Two significant contributing reasons for this are the cost of offshore wind resource assessment and fundamental gaps in knowledge of the behavior of winds and turbulence in the layer of the atmosphere spanned by the sweep of the turbine rotor. Resource assessment, a necessary step in securing financing for a wind project, is conventionally carried out on land using meteorological towers erected for a year or more. Comparable towers offshore are an order of magnitude more expensive to install. New technologies that promise to reduce these costs, such as Doppler lidars mounted on buoys, are being developed, but these need to be validated in the environment in which they will be used. There is currently no facility in the U.S. that can carry out such validations offshore. Research needs include evaluation and improvement of hub-height wind forecasts from regional forecast models in the marine boundary layer, understanding of turbulence characteristics that affect turbine loads and wind plant efficiency, and development of accurate representations of sea surface roughness and atmospheric thermodynamic stability on hub height winds. In response to these needs for validation and research, the U.S. Department of Energy is developing the Reference Facility for Offshore Renewable Energy (RFORE). The RFORE will feature a meteorological tower with wind, temperature

  20. Studies of the Noise Risk Assessment and Management of Offshore Platform%海洋平台噪声风险评估与管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙刚; 余建星; 景海泳

    2013-01-01

    Studies concerning the analysis and control of the noise risk of offshore platform in our country are still at an initial stage.To study the impact on the offshore worker brought by the noise risks,a specific noise risk assessment system are of great significance should be established.Firstly,the sources of the noise of offshore platform should be classified and a noise function mechanism model was developed.On the basis of the model, the analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method were applied to the analysis of noise risk,which made the combinations of qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis, fuzzy mathematics and survey, workers' and experts' opinions,thus the noise management strategy were determined.According to the analysis result,the management recommendations were given which can minimize the noise risk and make sure that offshore oil is produced efficiently.%海洋平台噪声风险分析与管理研究在我国尚处于起步阶段,研究噪声风险对工作人员的影响并建立噪声风险评估体系具有重要意义.对海洋平台噪声风险源进行分类,提出噪声作用机制模型,在此基础上将层次分析法和模糊综合评判法引入噪声风险分析中,将定量分析和定性分析、模糊数学和调查统计、员工意见和专家意见相结合,从而制定海洋平台噪声风险管理策略.针对噪声风险分析结果,给出噪声管理建议,从而使海洋平台噪声风险降到最低,保证海洋石油生产活动高效进行.

  1. Transaction-based building controls framework, Volume 2: Platform descriptive model and requirements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akyol, Bora A. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Haack, Jereme N. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Carpenter, Brandon J. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Katipamula, Srinivas [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Lutes, Robert G. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Hernandez, George [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2015-07-31

    Transaction-based Building Controls (TBC) offer a control systems platform that provides an agent execution environment that meets the growing requirements for security, resource utilization, and reliability. This report outlines the requirements for a platform to meet these needs and describes an illustrative/exemplary implementation.

  2. Anti-corrosion Technology for Offshore Drilling Platform Fasteners%海洋平台紧固件防腐工艺探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄建勋; 徐红九; 刘宏亮; 王明磊

    2013-01-01

    To achieve long and effective anti-corrosion of fasteners and standard parts of offshore drilling platforms and to solve the problem of corrosion caused by severe environment, the anti-corrosion technology of the KK1 # composite coating was proposed. The technology adopts the composite coating of " electrolytic zinc and Xylan paint" . It makes use of the self-lubricating property of the Xylan 1424 water paint dry film and the characteristic of frictional factor between 0. 05 and 0. 10. It has the advanced anti-salt spray corrosion performance and very strong anti-acid rain performance and anti-chemical corrosion performance. Compared with galvanized coating, KK1# composite coating improves anti-corrosion capacity remarkably. As for black oxide fasteners, the torsion has been reduced by 70% . It has anti-seizure and anti-deformation functions. The test findings of the anti-corrosion coating show that after 2 500 hours of salt spray resistance test, the component with KK1# composite coating has 33% of white rust area and less than 1 % of red rust area. The latter goes far beyond and thus desirably satisfies the requirement that red rust area should be less than 15% of the total.%为了实现海洋平台紧固件和标准件的长效防腐,解决恶劣环境带来的腐蚀问题,提出了KK1#复合涂层防腐工艺.该工艺采用“电镀锌+Xylan狮隆涂料”复合涂层,利用了Xylan 1424水性涂料的干膜自润滑性能和摩擦因数在0.05 ~0.10之间的特性,具有优越的防盐雾腐蚀性能,极强的抗酸雨性能以及防化学腐蚀性能.相比镀锌涂层,KK1#复合涂层能大幅提高防腐蚀能力,相对于发黑紧固件,减小扭矩高达70%,具有防咬死、防变形功能.防腐涂层测试结果表明,涂有KK1#复合涂层的构件耐盐雾试验2 500 h后,白锈面积33%,红锈面积小于1%,远超出红锈面积不大于15%的要求.

  3. Research on systematization and advancement of shipbuilding production management for flexible and agile response for high value offshore platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Young-Joo; Woo, Jong-Hun; Shin, Jong-Gye

    2011-09-01

    Recently, the speed of change related with enterprise management is getting faster than ever owing to the competition among companies, technique diffusion, shortening of product lifecycle, excessive supply of market. For the example, the compliance condition (such as delivery date, product quality, etc.) from the ship owner is getting complicated and the needs for the new product such as FPSO, FSRU are coming to fore. This paradigm shift emphasize the rapid response rather than the competitive price, flexibility and agility rather than effective and optimal perspective for the domestic shipbuilding company. So, domestic shipbuilding companies have to secure agile and flexible ship production environment that could respond change of market and requirements of customers in order to continue a competitive edge in the world market. In this paper, I'm going to define a standard shipbuilding production management system by investigating the environment of domestic major shipbuilding companies. Also, I'm going to propose a unified ship production management and system for the operation of unified management through detail analysis of the activities and the data flow of ship production management. And, the system functions for the strategic approach of ship production management are investigated through the business administration tools such as performance pyramid, VDT and BSC. Lastly, the research of applying strategic KPI to the digital shipyard as virtual execution platform is conducted.

  4. The Design and Application of Submersible Hydrostatic Level Transmitter for Offshore Platform%投入式液位变送器在海上平台的设计与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张羽臣

    2015-01-01

    本文从海上平台桩腿内MEG液位测量的需求出发,结合各类变送器的原理、能力和特点,针对具体工况进行设计选型,说明了投入式液位变送器在海洋平台上特殊工况下的适用性。同时,结合生产实际,对投入式液位变送器特殊的安装方式进行研究,给出具体的解决方案,从而满足现场需求。%This paper proposed MEG level measurement requirement from offshore platform pile legs, combined with the principle, capability and characteristics of all kinds of transmitters, to design according to the specific conditions, to illustrate the applicability of submersible hydrostatic level transmitter under special working condition on platform. Combined with the actual production, produce the research to the installation of the level transmitter, the specific solution is given, so as to meet the requirement of site.

  5. Offshore Space Center (offshore launch site)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvey, D. G.

    1980-07-01

    Any activity requiring the development of the HLLV can benefit by operations from an offshore space center (OSC) since operating near the equator provides a twenty percent increase in payload in an ecliptic plan orbit. Some OSC concepts considered include a moored floating (semisubmersible) design, a stationary design supported by fixed piles, and a combination of these two. The facility supports: a 15,000 foot long, 300 foot wide runway, designed to accommodate a two staged winged launch vehicle, with a one million pound payload capacity to low earth orbit; an industrial area for HLLV maintenance; an airport terminal, control and operation center, and observation tower; liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen production and storage, and fuel storage platforms; a power generation station, docks with an unloading area; two separate launch sites; and living accommodations for 10,000 people. Potential sites include the Paramount Seamount in the Pacific Ocean off the north coast of South America. Cost estimates are considered.

  6. Integrated TLWP-FPSO (Tension Leg Wellhead Platform-Floating Production, Storage and Offloading Vessel) solution for deep water field development offshore Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Williams, Neil; Heidari, Homayoun; Large, Sean [SBM Atlantia, Houston, TX (United States)

    2008-07-01

    A development strategy for some deep water fields offshore Brazil consists of a TLWP (Tension-Leg Wellhead Platform) connected by a fluid transfer line to a nearby FPSO. The TLWP provides dry tree riser support, drilling capability, manifolding, test separation, and multiphase pumping, while all other functions including full processing, accommodations, gas compression, power generation, water and chemical injection, storage and offloading, and gas export are provided by the FPSO. In one such scenario, the TLWP and FPSO could be connected using SBM's GAP mid-water fluid transfer line technology, with SBM Atlantia's FourStar{sup TM} hull concept for the TLWP. The FourStar{sup TM} is designed to be quayside- or float over-integrable, thus eliminating the need for a heavy lift installation vessel; while being structurally and hydrodynamically superior to other TLP alternatives. This paper presents a description of the technical development of the FourStar{sup TM} TLP and an overview of the GAP technology, and discusses the characteristics of an integrated TLWP-GAP-FPSO field development solution for a typical application offshore Brazil (author)

  7. 海洋平台立管防腐维修技术及实践%Offshore Platform Riser Coating Repair Technical and Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶永彪; 高磊; 马国强; 汪智峰

    2014-01-01

    The paper descript a kind of methods for repairing subsea riser anti-corrosion material, this method is raised from a project of repairing the subsea riser anti-corrosion material of an offshore platform, it give an option for repairing subsea anti-corrosion material after this project is executed successfully.%本文通过介绍一个海洋平台立管水下防腐损伤修复的成功实施,总结了一种新的水下防腐修复方法,为今后海洋石油水下防腐修复案例提供了借鉴方法。

  8. Ice-Induced Fatigue Analysis by Spectral Approach for Offshore Jacket Platforms with Ice-Breaking Cones

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUE Qian-jin; LIU Yuan; ZHANG Ri-xiang; QU Yan; WANG Rui-xue

    2007-01-01

    The spectral methods and ice-induced fatigue analysis are discussed based on Miner's linear cumulative fatigue hypothesis and S-N curve data.According to the long-term data of full-scale tests on the platforms in the Bohai Sea,the ice force spectrum of conical structures and the fatigue environmental model are established.Moreover,the finite element model of JZ20-2MSW platform,an example of ice-induced fatigue analysis,is built with ANSYS software.The mode analysis and dynamic analysis in frequency domain under all kinds of ice fatigue work conditions are carried on,and the fatigue life of the structure is estimated in detail.The methods in this paper can be helpful in ice-induced fatigue analysis of ice-resistant platforms.

  9. THERMODYNAMICS ANALYSIS FOR CO2 CAPTURE AND REINJECTION FROM GAS PROCESSING IN AN OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION PLATFORM

    OpenAIRE

    CAMILA CAMPOS MARIN ROCHA

    2015-01-01

    O presente trabalho apresenta uma análise termodinâmica dos processos de captura e reinjeção de CO2, que se tornaram indispensáveis à produção de óleo e gás nas instalações de petróleo offshore no Brasil desde o início do desenvolvimento dos campos do pré-sal. O petróleo dos reservatórios da camada pré-sal da Bacia de Santos apresenta uma particularidade importante, quando comparado com o petróleo dos campos pós-sal do Brasil. A composição do gás natural do pré-sal apresenta grande teor de CO...

  10. P ushover analysis on a jacket offshore platform in the South China Sea%南海某导管架海洋平台倒塌分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐友刚; 朱龙欢; 李焱; 刘成义; 张少洋

    2016-01-01

    Pushover analyses were performed for an aging jacket-type platform to obtain the ultimate capacity and then to evaluate the safety margin. A three-dimensional finite element model of the jacket platform was established using SACS software. Based on the step-by-step loading method, the nonlinear collapse analysis for the jacket offshore platform in the South China Sea was performed, considering the loads of wave and current and the nonlinear interaction between soil and piles. The analysis results show that the ultimate strength of this jacket platform is at a high level, with a large margin of safety. The collapse of the platform is the result of gradual damages. Firstly, the brace begins to yield, causing damages of partial structure. Secondly, the piles start to yield, reducing the capacity. Finally, some joints fail, resulting in the collapse of the whole structure. Overall, the mechanism of the failure and collapse of the jacket platform is revealed, and the feasible analysis method and procedures of collapse analysis are put forward.%针对在役老龄导管架平台进行倒塌计算分析,确定极限承载力进而评估老龄导管架的安全裕度。采用非线性有限元方法,考虑平台的波流载荷及桩-土的非线性相互作用,利用SACS软件建立导管架整体三维有限元计算分析模型,并用逐步加载的方式,对南海某导管架平台进行了全过程非线性倒塌分析。计算分析表明,该导管架平台极限强度很高,具有较大的安全裕度;导管架倒塌过程呈逐步破坏形式,先是撑杆屈服,造成局部结构破坏,然后是钢桩发生屈服,降低结构承载力,最后节点逐步失效,造成结构倒塌。揭示了导管架平台结构失效倒塌的机理,给出了倒塌分析的可行方法和步骤。

  11. Putting it all together: Requirements for a CSCW platform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, K.; Rodden, T.

    1996-01-01

    This chapter examines the requirements for a computer-supported cooperative work (CSCW). CSCW systems have generally failed to meet the requirements of users in actual cooperative work settings. They do not adequately support fluent transitions between formal and informal interaction and the inex...

  12. Comparison of Simulations and Offshore Measurement Data of a Combined Floating Wind and Wave Energy Demonstration Platform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yde, Anders; Larsen, Torben J.; Hansen, Anders Melchior

    2015-01-01

    external system that reads the output generated directly by the wave analysis software WAMIT. The main focus of the comparison is on the statistical trends of the platform motion, mooring loads, and turbine loads in measurements and simulations during different operational conditions. Finally, challenges...

  13. "Nonlinear coupled dynamic response of offshore spar platforms under regular sea waves" by A.K. Agarwal and A.K. Jain. Ocean Engineering 30; 2003; 517-555

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Mandal, S.

    31 (2004) 791–793 www.elsevier.com/locate/oceaneng Letter to the editor “Nonlinear coupled dynamic response of offshore spar platforms under regular sea waves” By Agarwal, AK and Jain, AK. Ocean Engineering, 2003, 30, 517-555 The authors have shown... the analysis of dynamic response of offshore spar plat- form under regular waves. They have rightly highlighted the features of present generation Spar. They also reviewed in detail (about three-and-half pages) on Spar for which itself could have been a review...

  14. Bridging operation and design. The encounter between practical and discipline-based knowledge in offshore platform design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Husemoen, Mette Suzanne

    1997-12-31

    This thesis investigates the relationship between operations and design and the design process, taking as case studies the two new platforms of Phillips Petroleum Company Norway on Ekofisk II, the Ekofisk 2/4 X drilling and wellhead platform and the Ekofisk 2/4 J processing and transportation platform. The emphasis has been on how to take into account operational experience in design. The two research questions are: (1) Are operations and design two communities-of-practice based on different kinds of knowledge?, and (2) What are the conditions for bridging knowledge in operations and design? From the theory reviewed and the field data presented the study concludes that physical closeness and integration of operations and design personnel, experience from the other community-of-practice, and mutual sympathy, trust, and respect, are important factors in bridging knowledge of the operations and design communities-of-practice and creating innovative solutions in design which transcend the existing knowledge in operations and design. 66 refs., 28 figs., 8 tabs.

  15. Optimum geometry of tuned liquid column-gas damper for control of offshore jacket platform vibrations under seismic excitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mousavi, Seyed Amin; Zahrai, Seyed Mehdi; Bargi, Khosrow

    2012-12-01

    In this study, the effectiveness of a tuned liquid column-gas damper, TLCGD, on the suppression of seismicinduced vibrations of steel jacket platforms is evaluated. TLCGD is an interesting choice in the case of jacket platforms because it is possible to use the structural elements as the horizontal column of the TLCGD. The objective here is to find the optimum geometric parameters, namely orientation and configuration of vertical columns, length ratio, and area ratio of the TLCGD, considering nonlinear damping of the TLCGD and water-structure interaction between the jacket platform and sea water. The effects of different characteristics of ground motion such as PGA and frequency content on the optimum geometry are also investigated and it is observed that these features have some influence on the optimum area ratio. Finally it is observed that pulse arrangement of ground acceleration is one of the most important parameters affecting the efficiency of a TLCGD. In other words, it is found that the TLCGD's capability to reduce the RMS responses depends only on the frequency content of the ground acceleration, but its capability to reduce the maximum responses depends on both the frequency content and the pulse arrangement of the ground acceleration.

  16. Solutions developed to meet very stringent requirements for an offshore application of a reciprocating compressor system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elferink, H.; Eijk, A.

    2005-01-01

    During the lifetime of an existing gas well, located in the D15FA/FB field in the North Sea, the pressure has dropped and consequently production is reduced. A depletion compressor must be added therefore to this existing platform to increase the production. This sounds easy but has been very

  17. Solutions developed to meet very stringent requirements for an offshore application of a reciprocating compressor system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elferink, H.; Eijk, A.

    2005-01-01

    During the lifetime of an existing gas well, located in the D15FA/FB field in the North Sea, the pressure has dropped and consequently production is reduced. A depletion compressor must be added therefore to this existing platform to increase the production. This sounds easy but has been very challe

  18. Smarter offshoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Diana

    2006-06-01

    During the past 15 years, companies have flocked to a handful of cities in India and Eastern Europe for offshore service functions. As a result, the most popular sites are now overheating: Demand for young professionals is outstripping supply, wages and turnover are soaring, and overburdened infrastructure systems are struggling to serve the explosive growth. The happy news is that the tight labor markets in the well-known hot spots are the exceptions, not the rule. Many attractive alternatives are emerging around the world. According to a McKinsey Global Institute study, more than 90% of the vast and rapidly growing pool of university-educated people suitable for work in multinationals are located outside the current hot spot cities. For instance, Morocco is now home to offshore centers for French and Spanish companies requiring fluent speakers of their home languages. Neighboring Tunisia has used its modern infrastructure, business-friendly regulations, and stable, low-cost workforce to attract companies such as Siemens and Wanadoo. Vietnam offers university graduates who have strong mathematics skills; speak French, English, German, or Russian; and do not demand high wages. The problems facing the hot spots, coupled with the emergence of many more countries able and willing to provide offshore services, mean that picking a site has become more complicated. In choosing a location, companies will have to focus less on low wages and much more on other ways that candidate cities can fulfill their business needs. They will have to be much more rigorous in articulating precisely what they require from an offshore location. That means evaluating their unique needs on a range of dimensions and understanding how alternative locations can meet those needs for the foreseeable future.

  19. Research on systematization and advancement of shipbuilding production management for flexible and agile response for high value offshore platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Young-Joo Song

    2011-09-01

    In this paper, I'm going to define a standard shipbuilding production management system by investigating the environment of domestic major shipbuilding companies. Also, I'm going to propose a unified ship production management and system for the operation of unified management through detail analysis of the activities and the data flow of ship production management. And, the system functions for the strategic approach of ship production management are investigated through the business administration tools such as performance pyramid, VDT and BSC. Lastly, the research of applying strategic KPI to the digital shipyard as virtual execution platform is conducted.

  20. Deep Panuke offshore gas development comprehensive study report : Executive summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-10-01

    A project was proposed by EnCana Corporation (EnCana) for the development of the Deep Panuke Offshore Gas Development Project. Located offshore the Scotian Shelf, approximately 175 kilometres southeast of Goldboro, Nova Scotia and 250 kilometres southeast of Halifax, the development of this natural gas reservoir would allow EnCana to derive economic benefit from licences issued under the Canada-Nova Scotia Offshore Petroleum Resources Accord Implementation Act and the Canada-Nova Scotia Offshore Petroleum Resources Accord Implementation (Nova Scotia) Act. The Canadian Environmental Assessment Act required that a comprehensive study report be prepared, and the results were presented in this document. Consisting of three bottom-founded platforms in a water depth of approximately 40 metres, the wellhead platform would be used for dry wellheads, wellhead control system, and production manifolds. All power generation and processing equipment would be located on the production platform, and the accommodations platform would consist of the utilities, helicopter landing pad, refueling station and crew accommodations. It was determined that the Deep Panuke project was unlikely to result in adverse environmental effects. The offshore oil and gas industry in Atlantic Canada would benefit from this development as a result of the establishment of a viable facility and operation.

  1. Screening Criteria and Considerations of Offshore Enhanced Oil Recovery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pan-Sang Kang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The application of enhanced oil recovery (EOR in offshore oil fields has received significant attention due to the potentially enormous amount of recoverable oil. However, EOR application offshore is in its very early stage due to conditions that are more complex than onshore oil fields, owing to the unique parameters present offshore. Therefore, successful EOR applications in offshore oil fields require different screening criteria than those for conventional onshore applications. A comprehensive database for onshore applications of EOR processes together with a limited offshore EOR application database are analyzed in this paper, and the important parameters for successful offshore application are incorporated into the new EOR screening criteria. In this paper, screening criteria to determine acceptable EOR processes for offshore fields, including hydrocarbon gas miscible, CO2 miscible, and polymer processes, are presented. Suggested screening criteria for these EOR processes comprise quantitative boundaries and qualitative considerations. Quantitative screening criteria are predominantly based on quantifiable data, such as oil and reservoir properties. Qualitative screening considerations mainly focus on the operational issues present offshore, including platform space constraints, limited disposal options, injectant availability, and flow assurance matters (including hydrate formation and difficulties in emulsion separation.

  2. Offshore system maintenance; Kurs Offshore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jensen, D.

    2003-12-01

    Offshore wind parks require maintenance and servicing as other wind parks do. Various wharves are currently attempting to cope with this challenge. One example is the SWATH technology (Small Waterplane Area Twin Hull). Ships of this type are commonly used as pilot boats. They have very small bearing surfaces. [German] Offshore-Parks brauchen schwimmende Teams fuer Wartungs- und Servicearbeiten. Und je oefter die Anlagen trotz Wind und Wetter erreichbar sind, desto besser. Verschiedene Werften bereiten sich auf die Herausforderung vor. So z.B. das mit der SWATH-Technik (Small Waterplane Area Twin Hull) konstruierte Tenderschiffe haben sich als wetterfester Zubringer fuer Lotsen bewaehrt SWATH-Schiffe haben kaum noch Auflageflaechen. (orig.)

  3. Offshore waste treatment guidelines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-12-15

    These guidelines were prepared to aid offshore oil and gas operators in the management of waste materials related to petroleum drilling and production operations in offshore areas regulated by the Canada-Newfoundland and Labrador Offshore Petroleum Board (CNLOPB) and the Canada-Nova Scotia Offshore Petroleum Board (CNSOPB). A description of the relevant sections of the regulatory regime applicable to Canada's offshore oil and gas operations was included. Offshore operators are expected to take all reasonable measures to minimize the volumes of waste materials generated by their operations. The guidelines included recommendations for identifying, monitoring, and reporting discharges; performance expectations for specific discharges; requirements for greenhouse gas (GHG) and other air emissions; methods of characterizing and monitoring produced water, drilling muds, and desalination brine. Operational discharges associated with the installation and maintenance of subsea systems were also reviewed, and qualifications of analytical laboratories were presented. 24 refs., 2 appendices.

  4. Effect of Heat Input on Cleavage Crack Initiation of Simulated Coarse Grain Heat-affected Zone in Microalloyed Offshore Platform Steel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Feng LU; Guang-ping CHENG; Feng CHAI; Tao PAN; Zhong-ran SHI; Hang SU; Cai-fu YANG

    2016-01-01

    The combined effects of martensite-austenite (MA)constituent and pearlite colony on cleavage crack initia-tion in the simulated coarse-grained heat-affected zone (CGHAZ)of V-N-Ti microalloyed offshore platform steel un-der different heat inputs were investigated.The results of welding simulation,instrumented impact test,and quanti-tative analysis indicated that the size of the MA constituent decreased with the increase in cooling time,and by con-trast,the size of the pearlite colony increased.According to Griffith theory,the critical sizes of cleavage microcracks were calculated.With the increase of cooling time,the calculated microcrack size could be characterized by the size of the MA constituent first,and then fitted with the size of the pearlite colony.Moreover,the calculated microcrack size variation was opposite to the microcrack initiation energy.This phenomenon is probably due to the combined effects of the MA constituent and pearlite colony with increasing the cooling time of the specimen′s temperature from 800 to 500 ℃.

  5. 77 FR 33739 - Announcement of Requirements and Registration for “Health Data Platform Metadata Challenge”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Announcement of Requirements and Registration for ``Health Data Platform Metadata... Coordinator for Health Information Technology. (2) Shall have complied with all the requirements under this...

  6. Analysis of Microstructures and Property of Welded Joint of EH36 Thick Steel Plate for Offshore Platform%海洋平台用EH36厚钢板焊接接头的组织性能分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敏

    2013-01-01

    In accordance with the requirements of EN 10225-2009 appendix E Standard, the EH36 thick steel plate with 100 mm thickness for offshore platforms was welded by submerge-arc welding technology with 50 kJ/cm high heat input. The microstructure and properties of the weld joint were analyzed. The results showed that either welded or heat treated after welding, the hardness HV10 of the weld joint of EH36 thick steel plate ≤ 280, tensile strength ≥ 510 MPa, the mean value of absorbed-in-fracture energy at-40℃≥50 J, the surface microstructure mainly are coarse lath bainite+a small amount of granular bainite and the core structure is fine ferrite+pearlite. This showed that the EH36 thick steel plates developed by Jinan Steel meet the welding needs of offshore platforms. The differences of the fusion line shape and heat transfer status between the surface and center of weld joint are main reasons to lead to surface HAZ grain coarser than those of center HAZ, so surface toughness is lower than that of center.%按照EN 10225-2009附录E标准要求,采用50 kJ/cm大热输入埋弧焊工艺焊接厚为100 mm海洋平台用EH36钢板,测试分析了焊态及焊后热处理态焊接接头的组织与性能。结果表明,无论焊态还是焊后热处理态,EH36厚钢板焊接接头的硬度HV10≤280,抗拉强度≥510 MPa,-40℃冲击功均值≥50 J,表面组织以粗大的板条状贝氏体+少量粒状贝氏体为主,心部组织以细小的铁素体+珠光体为主,表明济钢开发的EH36厚钢板满足海洋平台的焊接生产要求。焊接接头表面与心部熔合线形状及传热状态的差异,是导致表面HAZ晶粒比心部粗大、因而表面韧性低于心部的主要原因。

  7. 基于状态反馈的海洋平台TMD振动控制技术研究%The Study on Vibration Control of Offshore Platform with TMD Based on States Feedback

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宁; 王树青

    2011-01-01

    The structural vibration control of offshore platform under random wave loading by using Tuned Mass Damper (TMD) is investigated. The model of offshore platform -TMD is established. Tuned Mass Damper (TMD) is installed on the offshore platform for sharing the energy of main structure* so that vibration of the main structure can be controlled. Optimal TMD parameters can be determined by analyzing the energy dissipation and transmission of the structure-TMD. Meanwhile, states feedback is introduced in the structure -TMD. Optimal controlling force is determined based on feedback from structural responses. By use of pole assignment method, feedback gain is selected suitably. The vibration could be reduced further.%研究了随机波浪载荷作用下海洋平台的TMD振动控制,建立了TMD-海洋平台振动模型,从TMD能量分析的角度对TMD参数进行了优化设计;同时将状态反馈引入系统,依据结构响应的反馈信息确定控制力,运用极点配置法,选取适当的反馈增益K,从而进一步达到控制结构振动的目的.

  8. Data Collection for Mental Health Studies Through Digital Platforms: Requirements and Design of a Prototype.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aledavood, Talayeh; Triana Hoyos, Ana Maria; Alakörkkö, Tuomas; Kaski, Kimmo; Saramäki, Jari; Isometsä, Erkki; Darst, Richard K

    2017-06-09

    described why each of these features are important for digital data collection for psychiatry, gave examples of projects where Niima was used or is going to be used in the future, and demonstrated how incorporating these design principles opens new possibilities for studies. The new methods of digital psychiatry are still immature and need further research. The design features we suggested are a first step to design platforms which can adapt to the upcoming requirements of digital psychiatry.

  9. Lightweight Efficient Offshore Fenders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Banke, Lars; Simonsen, Bo Cerup

    1996-01-01

    At offshore platforms the purpose of fenders is to protect the oil-risers against minor accidental collisions from supply vessels.Normally the fender is designed by use of thin-walled tubes. However, the tube itself is not normally capable of resisting the impact load from of the boat. Therefore...

  10. Microfluidic lab-on-a-chip platforms: requirements, characteristics and applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mark, Daniel; Haeberle, Stefan; Roth, Günter; von Stetten, Felix; Zengerle, Roland

    2010-03-01

    This critical review summarizes developments in microfluidic platforms that enable the miniaturization, integration, automation and parallelization of (bio-)chemical assays (see S. Haeberle and R. Zengerle, Lab Chip, 2007, 7, 1094-1110, for an earlier review). In contrast to isolated application-specific solutions, a microfluidic platform provides a set of fluidic unit operations, which are designed for easy combination within a well-defined fabrication technology. This allows the easy, fast, and cost-efficient implementation of different application-specific (bio-)chemical processes. In our review we focus on recent developments from the last decade (2000s). We start with a brief introduction into technical advances, major market segments and promising applications. We continue with a detailed characterization of different microfluidic platforms, comprising a short definition, the functional principle, microfluidic unit operations, application examples as well as strengths and limitations of every platform. The microfluidic platforms in focus are lateral flow tests, linear actuated devices, pressure driven laminar flow, microfluidic large scale integration, segmented flow microfluidics, centrifugal microfluidics, electrokinetics, electrowetting, surface acoustic waves, and dedicated systems for massively parallel analysis. This review concludes with the attempt to provide a selection scheme for microfluidic platforms which is based on their characteristics according to key requirements of different applications and market segments. Applied selection criteria comprise portability, costs of instrument and disposability, sample throughput, number of parameters per sample, reagent consumption, precision, diversity of microfluidic unit operations and the flexibility in programming different liquid handling protocols (295 references).

  11. Study on continuous cooling transformation of offshore platform steel FAO%海洋平台用钢E40的连续冷却转变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李鑫磊; 狄国标; 杨春卫

    2012-01-01

    The thermal dilation method was used to test CCT curves on both undeformed and deformed offshore platform steel E40, and the metallographic analysis and hardness detection are carried out. The influences of cooling rate and deforming degree on phase transformation and structure of the steel were obtained. The influences of deform processing parameter on ferrite and bainite transformation were also studied. The results show that the bainite increases and ferrite decreases with increasing cooling rate, meanwhile, the ferrite grain is fined; and with the increasing of deformation extent both the ferrite and bainite grain are fined.%采用热膨胀法测定了未变形和不同变形条件下海洋平台用钢E40的连续冷却转变曲线,对E40钢的显微组织与硬度进行观察。通过分析不同变形量及冷却速度对试验钢相变及组织的影响规律,研究了变形工艺参数对铁素体相变和贝氏体相变的影响。结果表明,随着冷却速度的增加,贝氏体量增多,铁素体量减少,铁素体的晶粒变细;随着变形量增加,铁素体与贝氏体晶粒均能得到细化。

  12. Application of MEG regeneration and reclamation technology on offshore platform%乙二醇再生回收技术在海上平台的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘飞龙; 倪浩; 曾树兵; 姜振晖

    2014-01-01

    乙二醇(MEG)再生回收装置首次应用于海上平台,其流程包括预处理、再生和脱盐3部分。预处理通过闪蒸脱除MEG富液中的轻烃并加入NaOH,利用化学反应脱除能生成沉淀物的二价盐。再生过程是在低压下利用精馏原理将轻组分(水)与重组分(MEG)分离,获取质量分数高于80%的MEG贫液。MEG贫液脱盐采用负压闪蒸的方法使可溶性一价盐(Na+等)和MEG分离,最终获得合格的MEG贫液。装置性能稳定可靠,MEG损失量少,具有广阔的应用前景。%The MEG regeneration and reclamation technology is successfully applied to off-shore platform .The process includes MEG pre-treatment ,regeneration and desalination .The pre-treatment section is designed to remove hydrocarbon from the rich MEG and divalent metal salts ,which can generate precipitation by reacting with sodium hydroxide .Adopting distillation column ,the MEG regeneration section operates at a pressure slightly above the atmospheric pres-sure ,and the mass concentration of lean MEG solubility should be more than 80% .The key technology of the process is desalination ,w hich uses a vacuum flash separator to crystallize and remove the high soluble one valence salts ,and primarily sodium salts from the lean MEG .The MEG regeneration and reclamation package has good performance and less MEG loss .Therefore , it has a variety of applications in prospect .

  13. 海洋平台往复压缩机振动特征研究%Study of vibration characteristics of the reciprocating compressor for offshore platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄业华; 戴国华

    2013-01-01

    为研究海洋平台往复压缩机的振动特征,应用谐波小波包变换对往复压缩机的振动进行分析,探讨不同频率下振动信号的能量分布特征.结果表明,在水平方向和垂直方向,往复压缩机振动能量主要集中在25 Hz和50 Hz的低频处,其他频率振动能量小,变化平稳;在轴向,往复压缩机振动能量向中高频扩展,在225 Hz处出现较大值.因此,谐波小波包变换可用于往复压缩机振动特征研究.%In order to investigate the vibration characteristics of the reciprocating compressors for the offshore platform,the vibration from the reciprocating compressor is analyzed by applying the harmonic wavelet packet transform.The energy distribution characteristics of vibration signal under the different frequencies are discussed.Results show that the vibration energy of the reciprocating compressor is mainly concentrated in the low frequencies of 25 Hz and 50Hz in the horizontal and vertical directions,and the vibration energy in other frequencies is small and smooth.In the axial direction,the vibration energy of the reciprocating compressors extends to the medium-high frequency,and the large energy appears in the 225 Hz.Therefore,the harmonic wavelet packet transform can be used to research the vibration characteristics of the reciprocating compressor.

  14. Management of Human Performance in Offshore Platform Maintenance Based on Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation%海洋钻井平台维修中的人因管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余建星; 张贵珍; 柴松; 马维林

    2012-01-01

    Shengli oilfield;horizontal well;screen;long life;intelligentWith higher reliability of the offshore production equipment, human reliability becomes more and more important in determining safety in the gas and oil production industry. As a matter of fact,management of human factor in platform maintenance is a significant aspect of human reliability management. Current methods that are aimed at controlling human error in maintenance have two vital disadvantages. On the one hand, they tend to be reactive rather proactive; on the other hand they are qualitative description rather than quantitative assessment. However, a successful plan to manage human factor should not only be able to find out causes of the past accidents and damages but also be able to detect which issue is most likely to lead to future incidents. Therefore, Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation, which is semi-qualitative and semi-quantitative, is used in this article. Through a fuzzy assessment of factors that affect maintenance performance, weaknesses and problems of the organization can be recognized, thus helping preventing human error from happening.%人员可靠性越来越成为制约海样钻井平台生产安全的重要因素,海洋平台维修中的人为因素管理是人因可靠性的一个重要方面.目前国内外控制维修中人为差错方法,一方面趋向于被动反应式而不是主动前瞻式的管理;另一方面属于定性评价而非定量分析.选用定性与定量结合的模糊综合评价法,对维修组织各因素的安全性进行评价,找出弱项,以预防维修中人为差错的产生.

  15. Investigation on Requirements of Robotic Platforms to Teach Social Skills to Individuals with Autism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikolopoulos, Chris; Kuester, Deitra; Sheehan, Mark; Dhanya, Sneha

    This paper reports on some of the robotic platforms used in the project AUROSO which investigates the use of robots as educationally useful interventions to improve social interactions for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Our approach to treatment uses an educational intervention based on Socially Assistive Robotics (SAR), the DIR/Floortime intervention model and social script/stories. Requirements are established and a variety of robotic models/platforms were investigated as to the feasibility of an economical, practical and efficient means of helping teach social skills to individuals with ASD for use by teachers, families, service providers and other community organizations.

  16. Modeling regulatory policies associated with offshore structure removal requirements in the Gulf of Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaiser, Mark J. [Center for Energy Studies, Louisiana State University, Energy Coast and Environment Building, Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

    2008-07-15

    Federal regulations require that a lease in the Outer Continental Shelf of the Gulf of Mexico be cleared of all structures within one year after production on the lease ceases, but in recent years, the Minerals Management Service has begun to encourage operators to remove idle (non-producing) structures on producing leases that are no longer ''economically viable''. At the end of 2003, there were 2175 producing structures, 898 idle (non-producing) structures, and 440 auxiliary (never-producing) structures on 1356 active leases; and 329 idle structures and 65 auxiliary structures on 273 inactive leases. The purpose of this paper is to model the impact of alternative regulatory policies on the removal trends of structures and the inventory of idle iron, and to provide first-order estimates of the cost of each regulatory option. A description of the modeling framework and implementation results is presented. (author)

  17. On Technology Convergence and Platforms: Requirements Challenges from New Technologies and System Architectures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarke, Matthias

    In this chapter, we investigate some opportunities and challenges for requirements engineering resulting from major changes in the technical context in which ICT systems operate, in particular from the continuous trend towards information and communication technology convergence. We illustrate these challenges with two major examples, one concerning requirements monitoring as a self-governance mechanism in Internet-based social networks, the other concerning the role of requirements modeling as a mediator between different cultures in embedded systems engineering for the automotive industry. Starting from a brief re-iteration of Thomas Friedman’s argument on standards evolution, we finally discuss platform strategies as an important emerging challenge for organizational RE.

  18. 油气泄漏灾害下海洋平台风险影响因素研究%Study on influencing factors of risk of offshore platforms under fire and gas explosion disaster

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李良碧; 王自力; 尹群; 孙彦杰

    2011-01-01

    There are many risk sources existing in offshore platforms, and it is easy to cause fire and gas explosion disaster.These disasters not only decrease the load bearing capacity of structures, but also result in many htanan fatalities, serious loss of property and terrible environment pollution.Quantitative risk analysis is applied in this paper.According to event probability and consequences, the risk influencing factors of offshore platforms under fire and gas explosion disaster are studied, meanwhile the measures for decreasing the risk are analyzed.These influencing factors include oil and gas leakage probability, different leakage ways and the distance between people's position and risk sources.Hence, the conclusion provides a theoretical basis of reducing risk of offshore platform.%海洋平台上存在着大量的风险源,稍有不慎就会引发火灾、爆炸等事故.火灾、爆炸事故不仅会破坏海洋平台的结构承载能力,而且还会造成大量的人员伤亡、严重的财产损失和恶劣的环境污染.采用海洋平台定量风险分析方法,通过DNV风险评估软件,以事件发生的概率、造成的后果两方面为依据,利用事件树方法对影响海洋平台火灾、爆炸风险的因素(油气泄漏概率、不同泄漏方式和人员位置与风险源距离)进行了研究,所得结果对如何降低风险提供了参考依据.

  19. 探究海油陆采丛式井组优快钻井技术%Optimized fast drilling of cluster wells at onshore-platform for offshore oil recovery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱博; 陈茜

    2015-01-01

    本文首先简单介绍了垦东12区海油陆采钻井施工中存在的难点,然后提出了相应的解决措施,旨在为后期滩浅海油区的发展提供一定的参考.%The difficulties in drilling and construction at onshore-platform for offshore oil recovery in Kendong-12 area are introduced in this paper to provide solutions for later development of shallow oil zone.

  20. THE ANALYSIS OF OFFSHORE JACKET PLATFORM UNDER THE TWO DIRECTION SEISMIC WAVES%两向地震波作用下导管架平台的受力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵志龙; 周树军

    2013-01-01

    Offshore jacket platform are full steel frame structures,they support a variety of load in the complex ocean environment in which the threat of the earthquake load is particularly prominent.This paper coupled the offshore jacket platform with seawater by fluid-solid iteraction theory,and extracted displacement acceleration and stress under seismic load,then compared with uncoupled condition.Numerical simulation shows that:① the maximum displacement and acceleration of the platform under two directions seismic waves occurred at the top; ② comparing with the platform coupling with seawater and uncoupling it shows vibration displacement increase,but acceleration and stress reduce of coupling platform,and explains seawater can reduce damping of offshore jacket platform.%导管架海洋平台多为全钢制框架结构,处于海洋的复杂环境中要承受多种荷载的作用,其中地震荷载对于这些框架式的结构的威胁是尤为突出的.本文利用流-固耦合理论将导管架平台与海水进行耦合,并且在地震荷载作用下提取平台的位移、加速度和应力,与非耦合工况进行对比.数值仿真表明:①在两向地震波作用下平台的最大位移和加速度均发生在顶部;②经过和海水耦合的平台与非耦合结构相比振动位移有所增加,但加速度与应力却减少,说明海水对导管架海洋平台是有一定的减振和保护作用的.

  1. Offshoring Process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Slepniov, Dmitrij; Sørensen, Brian Vejrum; Katayama, Hiroshi

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this chapter is to contribute to the knowledge on how production offshoring and international operations management vary across cultural contexts. The chapter attempts to shed light on how companies approach the process of offshoring in different cultural contexts. In order...... of globalisation. Yet there are clear differences in how offshoring is conducted in Denmark and Japan. The main differences are outlined in a framework and explained employing cultural variables. The findings lead to a number of propositions suggesting that the process of offshoring is not simply a uniform...

  2. Offshoring Process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Slepniov, Dmitrij; Sørensen, Brian Vejrum; Katayama, Hiroshi

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this chapter is to contribute to the knowledge on how production offshoring and international operations management vary across cultural contexts. The chapter attempts to shed light on how companies approach the process of offshoring in different cultural contexts. In order...... of globalisation. Yet there are clear differences in how offshoring is conducted in Denmark and Japan. The main differences are outlined in a framework and explained employing cultural variables. The findings lead to a number of propositions suggesting that the process of offshoring is not simply a uniform...

  3. Evaluating an Online Cognitive Training Platform for Older Adults: User Experience and Implementation Requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haesner, Marten; Steinert, Anika; O'Sullivan, Julie Lorraine; Weichenberger, Markus

    2015-08-01

    Decline of cognitive function is a part of aging. However, intensive cognitive training can improve important cognitive functions, such as attention and working memory. Because existing systems are not older adult-friendly and are usually not based on scientific evidence, an online platform was developed for cognitive training with information and communication features and evaluated in an 8-week field test. In a randomized clinical trial with 80 older adults, findings from log data analysis and questionnaires revealed a good use of the online platform. Communication or assistive features were not used often. Good usability ratings were given to the cognitive exercises. Subjective improvements of cognitive functions due to the training were reported. The current article presents concrete requirements and recommendations for deploying cognitive training software in older adult residential homes.

  4. Site selection for offshore wind farms along the Indian coast

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    ManiMurali, R.; Vidya, P.J.; Modi, P.; JayaKumar, S.

    This study deals with locating the potential sites for offshore wind farms and also deals with feasibility of installing offshore wind farms through scientific examination of the requirements along the coast of India Offshore wind energy is almost...

  5. Servicing the Arctic. Report 1: Design requirements and operational profile of an Arctic Offshore Support Vessel: Literature Survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos, R.W.; Huisman, T.J.; Obers, M.P.W.; Schaap, T.; Van der Zalm, M.

    2013-01-01

    Background The Dutch maritime industry has only limited knowledge about Arctic engineering, in spite of a growing market and interest by the oil and gas industry. This literature survey is the first in a series of three reports to develop a concept design of an Arctic Offshore Support Vessel

  6. Servicing the Arctic. Report 1: Design requirements and operational profile of an Arctic Offshore Support Vessel: Literature Survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos, R.W.; Huisman, T.J.; Obers, M.P.W.; Schaap, T.; Van der Zalm, M.

    2013-01-01

    Background The Dutch maritime industry has only limited knowledge about Arctic engineering, in spite of a growing market and interest by the oil and gas industry. This literature survey is the first in a series of three reports to develop a concept design of an Arctic Offshore Support Vessel (AOSV)

  7. Servicing the Arctic. Report 1: Design requirements and operational profile of an Arctic Offshore Support Vessel: Literature Survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos, R.W.; Huisman, T.J.; Obers, M.P.W.; Schaap, T.; Van der Zalm, M.

    2013-01-01

    Background The Dutch maritime industry has only limited knowledge about Arctic engineering, in spite of a growing market and interest by the oil and gas industry. This literature survey is the first in a series of three reports to develop a concept design of an Arctic Offshore Support Vessel (AOSV)

  8. Ultimate strength performance of offshore structural framing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This review of the use of nonlinear ultimate strength (pushover) analyses in determining performance measures of tubular framed structures has been prepared for the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) by BOMEL Limited. An in-house state-of-the-art package (SAFJAC), developed over the last decade in parallel with experimental investigations, was used to analyse a variety of frames representative of platforms in the UK Sector of the North Sea. Ultimate strength analysis of offshore structures has increasingly become used to assess the integrity of various design configurations against extreme and accidental loading. It has also been used to determine the safety of existing offshore structures in view of updated environmental and structural data or changing operational requirements. It is now also being adopted to determine the criticality of members within the structural system and to assess various inspection and repair schemes. (author)

  9. Task 1: Whole-body concentrations of elements in kelp bass (Paralabrax clathratus), kelp rockfish (Sebastes atrovirens), and Pacific sanddab (Citharichthys sordidus) from offshore oil platforms and natural areas in the Southern California Bight

    Science.gov (United States)

    Love, Milton S.

    2009-01-01

    Resource managers are concerned that offshore oil platforms in the Southern California Bight may be contributing to environmental contaminants accumulated by marine fishes. To examine this possibility, 18 kelp bass (Paralabrax clathratus), 80 kelp rockfish (Sebastes atrovirens), and 98 Pacific sanddab (Citharichthys sordidus) were collected from five offshore oil platforms and 10 natural areas during 2005-2006 for whole-body analysis of 63 elements. The natural areas, which served as reference sites, were assumed to be relatively uninfluenced by contaminants originating from platforms. Forty-two elements were excluded from statistical comparisons for one of three reasons: they consisted of major cations that were unlikely to accumulate to potentially toxic concentrations under ambient exposure conditions; they were not detected by the analytical procedures; or they were detected at concentrations too low to yield reliable quantitative measurements. The remaining 21 elements consisted of aluminum, arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, cobalt, copper, gallium, iron, lead, lithium, manganese, mercury, nickel, rubidium, selenium, strontium, tin, titanium, vanadium, and zinc. Statistical comparisons of these 21 elements indicated that none consistently exhibited higher concentrations at oil platforms than at natural areas. Eight comparisons yielded significant interaction effects between total length (TL) of the fish and the two habitat types (oil platforms and natural areas). This indicated that relations between certain elemental concentrations (i.e., copper, rubidium, selenium, tin, titanium, and vanadium) and habitat type varied by TL of affected fish species. To better understand these interactions, we examined elemental concentrations in very small and very large individuals of affected species. Although significant interactions were detected for rubidium, tin, and selenium in kelp rockfish, the concentrations of these elements did not differ significantly between

  10. Offshore Wind Farms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundtang Petersen, Erik; Hasager, Charlotte Bay; Courtney, Michael

    2015-01-01

    The technology behind constructing wind farms offshore began to develop in 1991 when the Vindeby wind farm was installed off the Danish coast (11 Bonus 450 kW turbines). Resource assessment, grid connection, and wind farm operation are significant challenges for offshore wind power just...... as it is for the more traditional onshore wind power, which has been under development since the 1970s. However, offshore projects face extra technical challenges some of which requires in-depth scientific investigations. This article deals with some of the most outstanding challenges concerning the turbine structure...... concern are the problems associated with locating the turbines close together in a wind farm and the problems of placing several large wind farms in a confined area. The environmental impacts of offshore wind farms are also treated, but not the supply chain, that is, the harbors, the installation vessels...

  11. Offshore Wind Power Data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cutululis, Nicolaos Antonio; Litong-Palima, Marisciel; Zeni, Lorenzo

    2012-01-01

    – Storm management at national and European level. For that, detailed scenarios for offshore wind power development by 2020 and 2030 were required. The aggregation level that is suitable for the analysis to be done is at wind farm level. Therefore, the scenarios for offshore wind power development offer...... details about the wind farms such as: capacity and coordinates. Since the focus is on the impact of storm fronts passage in Northen Europe, the offshore wind power scenarios were estimated only for the countries at North and Baltic Sea. The sources used are public sources, mentioned in the reference list...... was to create a dataset containing forecast and realised wind power time series with hourly resolution. The database should cover all Europe, i.e. onshore and offshore and it will be further used in the project for the economic assessment impact, Tasks 16.2.2 and 16.2.3. For the onshore wind power development...

  12. Offshore Supply Industry Dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Roslyng Olesen, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    This report is part of the research project “The competitive challenges and strategic development possibilities for The Blue Denmark”, which was launched in 2014. The project is funded by the Danish Maritime Fund and carried out by researchers at CBS Maritime which is a Business in Society Platform at Copenhagen Business School with a focus on value creation in the maritime industries. The project embraces various maritime segments from shipping and offshore to ports and suppliers. The res...

  13. Application of wireless sensor network technology in offshore platform structure safety detection%无线传感器网络技术在海洋平台结构安全检测领域的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋海涛; 陈祥余; 廖立斌; 唐坤; 韩齐森

    2013-01-01

      无线传感器网络能够很好地解决海洋平台结构检测中遇到的很多问题。对无线传感器网络这一无线通信中的热点领域在无线传感器网络体系构架、大规模组网技术及网络管理、环境感知技术、数据采集技术以及信息处理技术等方面进行了应用研究,以期能将该项技术应用于我国海洋平台结构的安全检测中。%The wireless sensor network has some advantages to handle the problems in offshore platform structure safety detection. Focusing on the wireless sensor network, the hot points in wireless communication are researched in the aspects of network architecture, large-scale networking technologies and network management, environment sensing, data acquisition, and information processing technologies to benefit the structure safety detection of offshore platform in China.

  14. 基于热管技术对海上平台燃气透平烟气回收利用的研究%Recovery of Turbine Exhaust for Offshore Platforms based on Heat Pipe Exchanger Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖峰超

    2014-01-01

    The paper introduced a design method of turbine fuel gas recovery system for offshore platforms,which includes the using of a heat pipe exchanger for the turbine fuel gas. After heat exchanging,saturated vapor was gen-erated and then used to heat the crude oil. This method is able to solve real technical problems of low heat-transfer coefficient and jamming for the shell type heat exchangers and may provide a reference for waste heat recovery in offshore platforms.%介绍了海上平台燃气透平烟气回收系统的设计方法,主要包括利用热管换热器进行烟气换热,使换热后的水变成高温的饱和蒸汽,利用饱和蒸汽对原油加热的一种方法。该方法可以解决现有模式中海上管壳式原油换热器存在的换热系数低、易堵塞等实际技术问题,为海上平台余热回收方案的选择提供参考。

  15. 海洋钻井平台泥浆防喷盒的发展概述和现状分析%Development Review and Status Analysis on Mud Bucket of the Offshore Drilling Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊雪燕; 赵世刚; 豆乔

    2015-01-01

    泥浆防喷盒是海洋钻井平台钻机自动化管具处理系统必配设备之一. 介绍了海洋钻井平台泥浆防喷盒从人工操作到自动化操作的发展过程,通过对目前国内外自动化泥浆防喷盒产品的对比分析,阐述了泥浆防喷盒的发展现状,并讨论了泥浆防喷盒的发展方向.%Mud bucket is one of the necessary devices which equipped in the automated pipe handling system of the offshore drilling platform. This article mainly describes the development process of the mud bucket that is used on the offshore drilling platform from manual to automatic operation, describes the development situation of the mud bucket, and discusses the devel-opment direction by comparing and analyzing the current domestic and international mud bucket products.

  16. Offshore Wind Turbines - Estimated Noise from Offshore Wind Turbine, Monhegan Island, Maine: Environmental Effects of Offshore Wind Energy Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aker, Pamela M.; Jones, Anthony M.; Copping, Andrea E.

    2010-11-23

    Deep C Wind, a consortium headed by the University of Maine will test the first U.S. offshore wind platforms in 2012. In advance of final siting and permitting of the test turbines off Monhegan Island, residents of the island off Maine require reassurance that the noise levels from the test turbines will not disturb them. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, at the request of the University of Maine, and with the support of the U.S. Department of Energy Wind Program, modeled the acoustic output of the planned test turbines.

  17. 基于动态风险平衡的海洋平台事故连锁风险研究%On the risk chain of the offshore oil-drilling platform accidents based on the dynamic risk balance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭恒; 陈国明; 朱渊

    2012-01-01

    The present paper is aimed at introducing a dynamic model for the offshore oil-drilling platform accidents proposed by the authors based on the two concepts, that is, the accident impetus and accident obstruction. As is well known, due to its own restricted conditions, offshore platforms, on the event of fire or explosion, are likely to suffer tragic casualties and material losses, letting alone the environmental contamination. Based on investigating and analyzing plenty of offshore platform accidents both at home and abroad, we have brought forward a new approach to dealing with such tragic accidents, that is, to finding the accident dynamic model characterized as dynamic nature and transient stability. As a matter of fact, a regular oil-drilling platform tends to present a dynamic equilibrium state between the accident impetus and the accident obstruction, while the accident dynamic state indicates a kind of energy that tends to lead to the happening of an accident whereas there exists some kind of transmitting impetus that passes on the energy that may obstruct or prevent the accident from occurring. In view of the dynamic risk balance, we have come up with the accident dynamic model consisting of four steps: first of all, the offshore platform likely to lead to grave accidents are chosen as an object of study, and next, the corresponding factors likely to cause the accidents are analyzed from the points of view of accident-incidence process, and, last of all, the countermeasures were taken in engineering, technology and management. What's more, the risk statistical data and information concerning the accident chains are to be built up when the elementary accident impetus has been determined. And, by this moment, it would be necessary to work out the probability distribution of all transmitting impetus and obstruction factors in the circumstance that the elementary accident-incidence dynamic has been calculated. Furthermore, the analysis results should be made

  18. Requirements of older adults for a daily use of an internet-based cognitive training platform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haesner, Marten; O'Sullivan, Julie L; Gövercin, Mehmet; Steinhagen-Thiessen, Elisabeth

    2015-03-01

    A decline of cognitive abilities is a part of normal human ageing. However, recent research has demonstrated that an enriched environment can have a beneficial impact on cognitive function in old age. Accordingly, mentally and socially active lifestyles are associated with less cognitive decline in old age. Specific interventions such as computerized cognitive training programs for older adults are also known to have a positive effect on the level of cognitive functioning. Therefore, online platforms combining cognitive training with web 2.0 features may yield multiple benefits for older users. However, to date only little research exists on technological acceptance and media use in this age-group especially for cognitively-impaired seniors. Therefore, in order to assess specific preferences and potential barriers of older adults regarding a web-based platform for cognitive training, we conducted qualitative interviews with 12 older adults. Half of the participants were diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Most importantly, our results show that cognitive exercises should incorporate themes and topics older adults are interested in. Additional communication features could serve as ideal methods for increasing user motivation. Furthermore, we derived eight critical requirements of older adults concerning daily use of a web-based cognitive training platform. Implications for future research and development are discussed.

  19. Methodology for evaluation of the stability of electric systems of offshore oil platforms in interconnected operations; Metodologia para a avaliacao dos sistemas eletricos das plataformas de petroleo offshore em operacao interligada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ribeiro, Dalmo Junior; Mendes, Pedro Paulo de Carvalho [Universidade Federal de Itajuba (UNIFEI), MG (Brazil)

    2004-07-01

    The electric system of the platforms usually operates in an isolated way, requesting therefore a redundancy in the generating units so that a can have a reliable and uninterrupted system of their loads. A way to improve the quality in operation in terms of safety, reliability and economy can be the connection of the platforms of petroleum that are close, since it is viable. The objective of this work is to show the methodology for the stability study of the electric system in interlinked operation in way to detail the data of the equipment that are necessary, as: One line Diagram; Transmission lines; Transformers; Power system compensator; Generating; Speed regulators; Voltage regulators; Turbines and other. Another focus of the work is to show some control models and regulation of the electric system to maintain it stable and to show models for the interconnection of two or more platforms. (author)

  20. Application of Modular Construction Technology in Offshore Oil Platform Fabrication%模块化建造技术在海洋平台建造中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国中; 高指林; 孙瑜; 韩小康; 郑晓娟

    2014-01-01

    Traditional ways of offshore oil platform construction often feature long construction period, large human resource inputs, lots of temporary construction facilities, greater impact on surrounding environment, numerous cross-operations and great difficulty in safety management and project management. In the paper, the idea of modular design and construction was applied in the construction process of oil platforms. Through simultaneous construction of these modules in different locations, assembling and debugging on slides, the whole platform was finished. In the end, the modular construction process, application of modularization in design and construction of platforms and relative noti-fications were proposed and advantages of modular construction were summarized to provide references for the con-struction of offshore platforms and similar structures.%针对传统的海洋石油平台建造工期长,人力、建造资源投入量大,需要建设大量的临时施工设施,对周边环境影响较大,在同一时间、同一地点存在大量的交叉作业,安全管理和项目管理难度较大等特点,将模块化设计、建造技术的建造思路应用于石油平台的建造过程中,在不同的地点并行建造模块,尽可能多地完成模块上工作,然后在滑道上进行总装和调试,进而完成整平台的建造。提出模块化建造流程、模块化在平台设计与建造中的应用及注意事项,总结了模块化建造的优势,为海洋平台及类似结构物的建造提供借鉴。

  1. Dossier Super Ships. Special on Offshore; Dossier Superschepen. Special Offshore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Velzen, T.; Biesboer, F.; Akkermans, J.

    2010-02-26

    In 5 articles attention is paid to the offshore industry focusing on the use of ships (1) capacity of cargo carriers; (2) problems with regard to the Nord Stream pipeline for the transport of natural gas; (3) energy efficient ships; (4) foundations for offshore wind turbines; and (5) on the platform Perdido, the offshoreproject in the Gulf of Mexico. [Dutch] In 5 artikelen wordt aandacht besteed aan de offshore industrie met de nadruk op het gebruik van schepen: (1) capaciteit van containerschepen voor transport; (2) problemen met de aanleg van de Nord Stream aardgaspijpleiding; (3) energie efficiente vaartuigen; (4) funderingspalen voor windturbines op zee; en (5) over het platform Perdido, het offshoreproject in de Golf van Mexico.

  2. Epidemiological investigation of gastroesophageal reflux disease in offshore oil platform workers%海上石油平台作业人员胃食管反流病流行病学调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    长蒙; 温冰

    2016-01-01

    目的 调查海上石油平台作业人员胃食管反流病(gastroesophageal reflux disease,GERD)的发病率,分析与之相关的危险因素.方法 应用随机整群分层抽样的方法,对518名海上石油平台作业人员(均为男性)进行反流性疾病问卷(reflux disease questionnaire,RDQ)及相关危险因素调查,RDQ评分≥12分提示GRED诊断.调查方式均为面访试.调查资料均输入电脑并建立数据库,采用SPSS13.0软件行卡方检验、Logistic回归分析等.结果 海上石油平台作业人员GERD发病率为5.98%,与北京、上海两地普通人群的5.8%相近,高于广东的2.3%;低于海军官兵的27.1%.常食甜食、常饮浓茶、晕船、精神压力大、噪声环境、高脂饮食、常食辛辣食物、睡眠差可能为GERD的危险因素.结论 海上石油平台作业人员GERD的发病率与国内普通人群相近,但低于海军官兵人群,危险因素较多.%Objective To investigate the incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease among offshore oil platform workers and analyze related risk factors of the disorder.Methods Reflux disease questionnaire (RDQ) and related risk factor survey were conducted among 518 offshore oil platform male workers by using random stratified cluster sampling method.The questionnaire survey was tarried out by personal interviews,and RDQ scores higher than 12 points indicated GERD diagnosis.SPSS 13.0 software chi-square test and Logistic regression analysis were used in the end results of the study.Results The incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease among offshore oil platform workers was 5.98%,while that of the general population in Beijing and Shanghai was 5.77%,and it was obviously higher than that of the Guangdong general population (2.3%),but much lower than that of naval officers and enlisted (27.1%).Sweet diet,strong tea,seasickness,mental strain,noise,high-fat diet,spicy food and poor sleep might possibly the risk factors of the

  3. 提高海上平台油田伴生气利用效益的探讨%Improving the Efficiency of Oilfield Associated Gas in the Offshore Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜佳

    2013-01-01

      When the oilfield associated gas in the offshore platform is serving as fuel gas, according to the project specific conditions, it needs technical and economic argumentation. Combining with the specific case, the article analyzes and discusses every influencing factors of improving the comprehensive benefit of associated gas utilization.%  海上平台的油田伴生气作为燃料气时,需要针对项目具体条件,进行技术、经济上的研究论证。结合具体案例,对提高伴生气利用的综合效益的各方面影响因素做了深入分析探讨。

  4. 海上平台超长火炬臂结构设计及风激振动分析%The structural design and wind-induced vibration analysis for ultralong flare boom on offshore platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伊才颖; 宋晓秋; 王晓蕾; 尹汉军; 梅华东

    2012-01-01

    The oil and gas processing amount on platform becomes greater along with the development of offshore oil exploitation, so that it is necessary to use the bigger flare boom exceeding the normal size. The weight and member cross-section of flare boom increases when flare boom length extends, which will lead to the new design issues, such as wind-induced vibration and wind spectrum fatigue issues. Based on one 90 meters ultralong flare boom structural design of a huge offshore platform in South China Sea, the structural type was studied and optimized, and the strength and fatigue was assessed in this paper, -which can provide a reference for similar structural design in the coming days.%随着海洋油气资源开发的发展,海洋平台工艺处理量越来越大,需要设置的释放火炬臂尺度也更大,超出了常规尺度范围.火炬臂长度增加必然导致结构重量增加和杆件尺寸发生变化,进而带来新的设计问题,如风激振动、风谱疲劳等.文中以南海某大型海上平台90 m超长火炬臂结构设计为例,探讨超长火炬臂结构形式的特点并进行了合理化的结构设计,对结构强度和疲劳损伤进行了评估,可为今后类似的结构设计提供参考.

  5. 可燃气体爆炸压力下海洋平台防爆墙数值仿真研究%Numerical Simulation of the Blast Wall in the Offshore Platform under Explosion Pressure of Flammable Gases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王珂; 尹群; 嵇春艳; 苏艳艳

    2011-01-01

    采用等效TNT方法计算了海洋平台复杂结构在油气爆炸冲击波作用下的动态响应,采用多欧拉一拉格朗日耦合方法对三种不同防爆墙结构进行数值模拟研究.模拟结果显示:在油气爆炸冲击波的作用下,平台舱室变形、失效后破裂,冲击波通过破口传入平台其它舱室;对海洋平台爆炸舱室的围壁采用原结构、梯形结构和半椭圆三种防爆墙结构进行数值对比研究,考虑防爆墙的能量吸收和甲板能量吸收这两个方面,半椭圆防爆墙结构具有更好的防爆效果.%In this paper the equivalent TNT method is used in computing the dynamical responses of offshore platform under explosion pressure of flammable gases and an explicit coupled multiple Euler-Largrange method in the commercial FEM codes MSC/Dytran are used to simulate the three different blast walls. The result shows that, by the impact of shock wave, the cabin of offshore platform deforms, fails and gas blast flow into the other cabins. The paper studies the original plate structure, the trapezoidal blast wall and the half elliptic blast wall. Based on the energy absorbing of the decks and blast walls, the half ellipsed blast wall has the most effective for anti-blast.

  6. Current meter components and other data from FIXED PLATFORMS in support of the Physical Oceanography Field Program Offshore North Carolina from 19 February 1992 (NODC Accession 9400063)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Current meter components data were collected from FIXED PLATFORMS in the NW Atlantic (limit-40 W) from 19 February 1992. Data were collected by the Science...

  7. Offshore Wind Turbine Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frandsen, Sten; Hansen, Erik Asp; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    2006-01-01

    Current offshore wind turbine design methods have matured to a 1st generation state, manifested in the draft of a possible standard, IEC 61400-3 (2005). It is now time to investigate the possibilities of improving existing methods. To do so in an efficient manner a clear identification of the most...... important uncertainty drivers specific for offshore wind turbine design loads is required. Describing the initial efforts in a Danish research project, the paper points to focal points for research and development. These are mainly: soil-structure interaction, improved modelling of wave loads from deep...

  8. The fatigue and corrosion fatigue behavior of welded Inconel 625 alloy employed in off-shore platforms; Avaliacao do comportamento a fadiga e a corrosao-fadiga de juntas soldadas da liga Inconel 625 testada para uso em plaaformas off-shore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pfingstag, M.E.; Schroeder, R.M.; Mueller, I.L. [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (LAPEC/UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil). Dept. de Metalurgia. Lab. de Pesquisa em Corrosao], e-mail: maiquel10@walla.com

    2006-07-01

    The fatigue and corrosion fatigue behavior of welded Inconel 625 employed live like risers in off-shore platforms was studied. These risers may be employed integrally of this alloy, or combined with API 52 X60 steel in the form of 'Clads'. One of the most susceptible points in .these structures is the circumferential weld that joint the pipes together. In these regions, stresses and defects are generated by the welding process, and these material remind in contact with aggressive species like, chlorides and Co{sub 2} . Polarization curves, slow strain rate fatigue and corrosion fatigue tests were used to characterize the Inconel alloy behavior. In the welded deposit condition, this alloy shows an excellent resistance corrosion and a good fatigue and corrosion-fatigue behavior.(author)

  9. Optimization of surface network and platform location using a next generation reservoir simulator coupled with an integrated asset optimizer application to an offshore deep water oil field in Brazil; Otimizacao de redes de superficie e locacao da plataforma atraves do acoplamento de um simulador de reservatorios de nova geracao e um otmizador global de ativo: aplicacao em um campo offshore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campozana, Fernando P.; Almeida, Renato L. [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Madeira, Marcelo G.; Sousa, Sergio H.G. de; Spinola, Marcio [Halliburton Servicos Ltda., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    To design, modify, and expand surface facilities is a multidisciplinary task which involves substantial financial resources. It can take months or years to complete, depending on the size and level of detail of the project. Nowadays, the use of Next Generation Reservoir Simulators (NGRS) is the most sophisticated and reliable way of obtaining field performance evaluation since they can couple surface and subsurface equations, thus eliminating the need of lengthy multiphase flow tables. Furthermore, coupling a NGRS with an optimizer is the best way to accomplish a large number of simulation runs on the search for optimized solutions when facilities are being modified and/or expanded. The suggested workflow is applied to a synthetic field which reproduces typical Brazilian offshore deep water scenarios. Hundreds of coupled simulation runs were performed and the results show that it is possible to find optimal diameters for the production lines as well as the ideal location for the production / injection platform. (author)

  10. Corrosion protection of Arctic offshore structures: Final report. [Effects of temperature and salinity on required cathodic protection current

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sackinger, W.M.; Rogers, J.C.; Feyk, C.; Theuveny, B.

    1985-10-01

    Results are presented for a research program on corrosion prevention for Arctic offshore structures which are in contact with sea ice for a significant portion of the year. The electrical method most adaptable for structure protection involves the injection of impressed current from several remote anodes buried just beneath the sea floor. The electrical resistivity of annual sea ice as a function of temperature and salinity is presented. Details of the interface layers formed between sea ice and steel in the presence of current injection are shown. A computer program was developed to enable the calculation of protective current density into the structure, in the presence of ice rubble and ridges around the structure. The program and the results of an example calculation are given for a caisson- retained island structure. 81 refs., 103 figs., 3 tabs.

  11. Robust 2DOF controller applied to station keeping of offshore platform in deep-water environment; Controlador 2DOF robusto aplicado ao posicionamento de plataformas offshore em aguas profundas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borges Filho, Alvaro M. [PETROBRAS, Macae, RJ (Brazil); Costa, Ramon R.; Gomes, Afonso C.D.N. [Universidade Federal, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia

    1996-12-31

    In this paper an Automatic Station Keeping System is developed for a thruster assisted moored drilling semi-submersible platform operating in deep water environment. A single-input-single-output two degree of freedom controller (2DOF) is designed using a polynomial approach and its performance is compared with the classic PID solution. The controller parameters are tuned through frequency techniques in order to obtain a robust performance. Computational simulations are presented to illustrate the results. (author) 10 refs., 9 figs., 2 tabs.; e-mail: alvaro at vishnu.coep.ufrj.br

  12. Offshoring White-Collar Work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Slepniov, Dmitrij; Wæhrens, Brian Vejrum; Johansen, John

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this chapter is twofold: to explain why white-collar service work in manufacturing firms is increasingly subject to offshoring and to understand the effects of this process on work integration mechanisms. The empirical part of the study is based on two case studies of Danish...... manufacturers. First, the chapter finds that drivers of white-collar work offshoring in many respects are parallel to those of the earlier wave of blue-collar work offshoring, that is, cost minimisation and resource seeking. Second, due to the interdependence of white-collar tasks with the rest...... of the organisation, our results suggest that white-collar offshoring in manufacturing firms poses higher requirements to the organisational configuration and capabilities compared with blue-collar work. We conceptualise the effects of white-collar work offshoring in a framework relating white-collar work...

  13. Offshoring White-Collar Work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Slepniov, Dmitrij; Wæhrens, Brian Vejrum; Johansen, John

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this chapter is twofold: to explain why white-collar service work in manufacturing firms is increasingly subject to offshoring and to understand the effects of this process on work integration mechanisms. The empirical part of the study is based on two case studies of Danish...... manufacturers. First, the chapter finds that drivers of white-collar work offshoring in many respects are parallel to those of the earlier wave of blue-collar work offshoring, that is, cost minimisation and resource seeking. Second, due to the interdependence of white-collar tasks with the rest...... of the organisation, our results suggest that white-collar offshoring in manufacturing firms poses higher requirements to the organisational configuration and capabilities compared with blue-collar work. We conceptualise the effects of white-collar work offshoring in a framework relating white-collar work...

  14. Offshore Outsourcing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Bent; Benito, Gabriel R. G.; Dovgan, Olesya

    While the extant literature on offshore outsourcing deals with this operation mode in isolation, and typically with a focus on cost effects, we address the broader question of how companies choose and use outsourcing as part of foreign operation mode development and as a contributor...... that outsourcing can be used proactively to promote expanded international operations....

  15. Offshore Outsourcing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Bent; Benito, Gabriel R. G.; Dovgan, Olesya

    While the extant literature on offshore outsourcing deals with this operation mode in isolation, and typically with a focus on cost effects, we address the broader question of how companies choose and use outsourcing as part of foreign operation mode development and as a contributor...... that outsourcing can be used proactively to promote expanded international operations....

  16. Contingency Contractor Optimization Phase 3 Sustainment Platform Requirements - Contingency Contractor Optimization Tool - Prototype

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durfee, Justin David [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Frazier, Christopher Rawls [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Bandlow, Alisa [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Gearhart, Jared Lee [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Jones, Katherine A. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2016-06-01

    Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) is in Phase 3 Sustainment of development of a prototype tool, currently referred to as the Contingency Contractor Optimization Tool - Prototype (CCOTP), under the direction of OSD Program Support. CCOT-P is intended to help provide senior Department of Defense (DoD) leaders with comprehensive insight into the global availability, readiness and capabilities of the Total Force Mix. The CCOT-P will allow senior decision makers to quickly and accurately assess the impacts, risks and mitigating strategies for proposed changes to force/capabilities assignments, apportionments and allocations options, focusing specifically on contingency contractor planning. During Phase 2 of the program, conducted during fiscal year 2012, Sandia developed an electronic storyboard prototype of the Contingency Contractor Optimization Tool that can be used for communication with senior decision makers and other Operational Contract Support (OCS) stakeholders. Phase 3 used feedback from demonstrations of the electronic storyboard prototype to develop an engineering prototype for planners to evaluate. Sandia worked with the DoD and Joint Chiefs of Staff strategic planning community to get feedback and input to ensure that the engineering prototype was developed to closely align with future planning needs. The intended deployment environment was also a key consideration as this prototype was developed. Initial release of the engineering prototype was done on servers at Sandia in the middle of Phase 3. In 2013, the tool was installed on a production pilot server managed by the OUSD(AT&L) eBusiness Center. The purpose of this document is to specify the CCOT-P engineering prototype platform requirements as of May 2016. Sandia developed the CCOT-P engineering prototype using common technologies to minimize the likelihood of deployment issues. CCOT-P engineering prototype was architected and designed to be as independent as possible of the major deployment

  17. Offshoring and Firm Overlap

    OpenAIRE

    Schmerer, Hans-Jörg; Capuano, Stella; Egger, Hartmut; Koch, Michael

    2015-01-01

    We set up a model of offshoring with heterogeneous producers that captures two empirical regularities on offshoring firms: larger, more productive firms are more likely to make use of the offshoring opportunity; the fraction of firms that engages in offshoring is positive and smaller than one in any size or revenue category. These patterns generate an overlap of offshoring and non-offshoring firms, which is non-monotonic in the costs of offshoring. In an empirical exercise, we employ firm-lev...

  18. 46 CFR 15.520 - Mobile offshore drilling units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Mobile offshore drilling units. 15.520 Section 15.520... REQUIREMENTS Manning Requirements; Inspected Vessels § 15.520 Mobile offshore drilling units. (a) The requirements in this section for mobile offshore drilling units (MODUs) supplement other requirements in...

  19. Offshore system for integration of the wind energy; Sistema offshore para integracao de energia eolica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Decker, Jan de [3E, Brussels (Belgium); Tambke, Jens [Universidade de Oldemburg (Germany). ForWind; Voelker, J. [Dena - Agencia Alema de Energia (Germany); Michalowska-Knap, Katarzyna [Instituto de Energia Renovavel (Poland)

    2010-09-15

    The Offshore Grid project aims to analyze the conditions required for the development of an offshore transmission network to integrate renewable energy (wind) to the national electrical systems, securely and efficiently. Regulatory aspects, technical, economic and political are considered, that will help the various players in the industry to have a common view on the offshore power grids in Europe.

  20. Application of the Aero-Hydro-Elastic Model, HAWC2-WAMIT, to Offshore Data from Floating Power Plants Hybrid Wind- and Wave-Energy Test Platform, P37

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bellew, Sarah; Yde, Anders; Verelst, David Robert

    2014-01-01

    numerical models, which can combine the aerodynamic, hydrodynamic, structural exibility and mooring components. Very little oshore data exists, however, in order to validate these numerical models. Floating Power Plant are the developers of a oating, hybrid wind- and wave-energy device. The device uses...... full-scale prototype, the P80, which has a width of 80 m. As part of the development, Floating Power Plant have completed 4 oshore test-phases (totalling over 2 years oshore operation) on a 37 m wide scaled test device, the P37. This paper focuses on the comparison of one of the leading numerical...... the pitching wave energy devices, not only to increase and smooth the power output from the platform, but also to take the energy from the waves in a controlled manner, resulting in a stable platform for the wind turbine and a safe harbour for O&M. They are currently developing the nal design for their rst...

  1. 77 FR 33740 - Announcement of Requirements and Registration for “Health Data Platform Simple Sign-On Challenge”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Announcement of Requirements and Registration for ``Health Data Platform Simple Sign-On Challenge'' AGENCY: Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION...

  2. The Organizational Design of Offshoring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Marcus M.

    2014-01-01

    The general research question guiding this thesis is: What are the organizational consequences of offshoring? Increasingly firms are becoming caught up by the “harsh realities of offshoring” (Aron and Singh, 2005: 135). Many firms have begun to realize that managing an increasingly globally....... Accordingly, the overall purpose of this thesis is to investigate why some firms fail when offshoring and others do not. To accomplish this, offshoring is conceptualized as an organizational reconfiguration which requires firms to coordinate and integrate geographically dispersed activities across distances......-location to international dispersion? How do firms accumulate architectural knowledge so that efficient design decisions can be taken when relocating certain activities to foreign locations?...

  3. Assessment of the occupational hazards control in a offshore oil production platform%某海洋石油生产平台职业病危害控制效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁宇; 侯旭剑

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To understand occupational hazards and its control effect in a offshore oil production platform and put forward the key control points of occupational hazard and further betterment measures. [Methods]Occupational investigation was carried out on this project, detection and analysis were made on the occupational hazards in the workplace. [Results] main occupational hazards in this production were methane, non-methane hydrocarbons, benzene, toluene, xylene, hydrogen sulfide, metha-nol, isopropyl alcohol, acetic acid, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, noise, heat, microwave radiation, power frequency electric field, etc. The above-mentioned hazards might existed in each operation post in production. The inspection results showed the concentrations of methane, pentane, hexane, heptane, benzene, toluene, xylene, hydrogen sulfide, methanol, isopropyl alcohol and acetic acid all matched the request of national occupational standards. Two individual noise measurement results (mechanician and electrician) had exceeded the request of national occupation standards, the noise when the emergency generator is on had exceeded the request of nationa standards, the measurement results of microwave radiation and work frequency electric field all met the request of national standards. [ Conclusion]The protective measures, rules and regulations aiming at the generated occupational hazards of this project are effective and feasible, their occupational disease protective facilities can satisfy the requirements of occupational health acceptance.%目的 通过了解海洋石油生产平台存在的职业病危害因素及其控制效果,提出职业病危害的关键控制点和防护的进一步改进措施.方法 对项目进行职业卫生调查,对作业场所中的职业病危害因素进行检测并分析.结果 该项目在正常生产过程中存在的职业病危害因素主要有甲烷、非甲烷总烃、苯、甲苯、二甲苯、硫化氢、甲醇、异丙醇、

  4. 33 CFR 151.73 - Operating requirements: Discharge of garbage from fixed or floating platforms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... seabed mineral resources; or (2) Any ship within 500 meters (1650 feet) of such platforms. (b) Victual... Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty as it Pertains to Pollution from Ships...

  5. Offshore Platform Modular Drilling Rig Driller Control Room Layout Based on Humanized Design%基于人性化设计的海洋钻井平台司钻控制房布局

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏继锋

    2013-01-01

    Based on the survey of driller control room layout of the domestic and international offshore platform modular drilling rig (hereinafter referred to as modular drilling rig).The modular drilling rig driller control room layout problems in our country are pointed out,and the "people-oriented" design concept in industrial design are introduced into the design of offshore platform device.This paper puts forward the specific humanized design method,that is determine the users' cognition for driller operation by full investigation,and establish Chinese digital human model as the design basis to meet the need of human body physiology.And then according to the ergonomics theory and considering the human psychological cognition,determine the humanized operation space by means of computer-aided ergonomics design.This research lays the foundation for establishing the design specification of China-made modular drilling rig driller control room layout.%在对国内外海洋平台模块钻机(以下简称模块钻机)司钻控制房的布局调查基础上,指出我国模块钻机司钻控制房布置存在的问题,将工业设计中“以人为本”的设计理念引入海洋平台设备设计中.本文提出了具体的人性化设计方法,即对用户进行充分的调查以寻找用户对司钻操作的认知,建立中国数字人体模型作为满足人体生理需要的设计依据,根据人机工程学理论并考虑人的心理认知,通过计算机辅助人机设计确定人性化操作空间,为建立国产模块钻机司钻控制房布局设计规范奠定基础.

  6. Optimal offshore supply vessel planning: a case study of a Chinese offshore oil and gas production area

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng, Zeng

    2014-01-01

    In the offshore oil and gas industry, the drilling or production installations scattered in the offshore oilfields require supplies from onshore depots. These supply services are performed specially by the offshore supply vessel fleets shuttling between offshore installations and onshore depots. In practice, the offshore supply vessels owned by a service company are normally under time charter and their operations are arranged by their charterer, the oil company. The planning of the supply se...

  7. OTEC Cold Water Pipe-Platform Subsystem Dynamic Interaction Validation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Varley, Robert [Lockheed Martin Corporation, Manassas, VA (United States); Halkyard, John [John Halkyard and Associates, Houston, TX (United States); Johnson, Peter [BMT Scientific Marine Services, Inc., Houston, TX (United States); Shi, Shan [Houston Offshore Engineering, Houston, TX (United States); Marinho, Thiago [Federal Univ. of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). LabOceano

    2014-05-09

    A commercial floating 100-megawatt (MW) ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) power plant will require a cold water pipe (CWP) with a diameter of 10-meter (m) and length of up to 1,000 m. The mass of the cold water pipe, including entrained water, can exceed the mass of the platform supporting it. The offshore industry uses software-modeling tools to develop platform and riser (pipe) designs to survive the offshore environment. These tools are typically validated by scale model tests in facilities able to replicate real at-sea meteorological and ocean (metocean) conditions to provide the understanding and confidence to proceed to final design and full-scale fabrication. However, today’s offshore platforms (similar to and usually larger than those needed for OTEC applications) incorporate risers (or pipes) with diameters well under one meter. Secondly, the preferred construction method for large diameter OTEC CWPs is the use of composite materials, primarily a form of fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP). The use of these material results in relatively low pipe stiffness and large strains compared to steel construction. These factors suggest the need for further validation of offshore industry software tools. The purpose of this project was to validate the ability to model numerically the dynamic interaction between a large cold water-filled fiberglass pipe and a floating OTEC platform excited by metocean weather conditions using measurements from a scale model tested in an ocean basin test facility.

  8. WRF Model Methodology for Offshore Wind Energy Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evangelia-Maria Giannakopoulou

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Among the parameters that must be considered for an offshore wind farm development, the stability conditions of the marine atmospheric boundary layer (MABL are of significant importance. Atmospheric stability is a vital parameter in wind resource assessment (WRA due to its direct relation to wind and turbulence profiles. A better understanding of the stability conditions occurring offshore and of the interaction between MABL and wind turbines is needed. Accurate simulations of the offshore wind and stability conditions using mesoscale modelling techniques can lead to a more precise WRA. However, the use of any mesoscale model for wind energy applications requires a proper validation process to understand the accuracy and limitations of the model. For this validation process, the weather research and forecasting (WRF model has been applied over the North Sea during March 2005. The sensitivity of the WRF model performance to the use of different horizontal resolutions, input datasets, PBL parameterisations, and nesting options was examined. Comparison of the model results with other modelling studies and with high quality observations recorded at the offshore measurement platform FINO1 showed that the ERA-Interim reanalysis data in combination with the 2.5-level MYNN PBL scheme satisfactorily simulate the MABL over the North Sea.

  9. Limitation and buffering performance analysis of swaying fender in float-over installation for offshore platform%海洋平台浮托安装中横荡护舷限位和缓冲性能分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘利壮; 王树青; 潘沈浩

    2016-01-01

    浮托安装法,是相对于传统吊装法的一种新型海洋平台安装方法,具有起重能力大、作业周期短、安装费用低、适用范围广、操作安全方便等优点,解决了海上大型平台组块的安装问题。为了研究横荡护舷对浮托安装的影响,首先对海洋平台浮托安装中的护舷装置进行了介绍,然后针对某工程实例应用AQWA软件进行了数值模拟,并进行了模型验证。从时域方面对就位状态下的浮托模型进行了耦合动力分析,研究了横荡护舷参数对驳船运动和撞击力的影响规律。研究表明,横荡护舷可以有效地减小驳船运动和撞击力,其限位和缓冲作用与护舷尺寸及护舷刚度均有关。研究结果可为实际浮托安装工程提供重要的参考。%Float-over is a new offshore installation method compared with traditional lifting methods, with the advantages of large lifting capacity, short operation time, low installation cost, wide application, safe and convenient operation, etc. It solves the problem of installation of large offshore platform. In order to study the influence of the swaying fender on the float-over, the fender devices of float-over installation for offshore platform are first introduced. Then, a float-over installation numerical simulation is demonstrated using AQWA based on a practical engineering installation, and the model test results are used to verify the numerical results. The coupled dynamic analysis of float-over model is performed in the time domain under docking situation. Particular attention is paid to the impact of different swaying fenders parameters on the motion and impact force of barge. The results show that the swaying fender can reduce the motion and impact force of barge effectively, and its limitation and buffering performance are related to its size and stiffness. The research results can provide an important reference value for practical float-over projects.

  10. Study on Static-recrystallization and Phase Transition under Continuous Cooling of Offshore Platform Steel F550%F550再结晶和连续冷却相变行为研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王焕洋

    2013-01-01

    Double-pass compression tests were carried out on the MMS-200 thennomechanical simulator to obtain static-recrystalization curves of offshore platform steel F550.By using a combined method of dilatometry and metallography,dilatometric curves of continuous cooling of F550 were measured,and dynamic CCT curves were obtained.Transformation process of austenite during continuous cooling and microstructure of the transformed products were studied.These tests could provide references for the on-site rolling process of F550.%在MMS-200热模拟试验机上进行双道次压缩试验,测定了F550级海洋平台用钢的静态再结晶曲线;利用膨胀法、结合金相法,测定了F550连续冷却转变的膨胀曲线,获得了动态CCT曲线;研究了F550连续冷却过程的奥氏体转变及转变产物的显微组织,为现场轧制工艺的制定提供了依据.

  11. 核子剖面仪在海洋石油分离器中的研究及应用%Research and Application of Nuclear Proifler Used in Oil-water Seperator on Offshore Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王飞; 吴朝晖; 张伟娜

    2015-01-01

    The oil-water seperator has foam, oil, emulsion, water, sand etc, the interface is not clear. It is difficult to measure each interface which has great influence to the seperation result. This paper is based on the nuclear profile used in oil-water seperator on offshore oil platform in recent years and introduces application methods and result, and proposes the improvement measures, field use well.%海上平台石油分离器中存在泡沫、油、乳化层、水、砂等多层介质,界面不清晰且实时变化,测量困难,测量结果对于分离器的分离效果影响很大。本文以近年来海上采油平台分离器采用的核子剖面仪为基础,介绍了核子剖面仪用于石油分离器界面测量的应用方案和使用效果,并提出了改进措施,现场使用情况良好。

  12. The technical standard IBAMA (NT01/11) and its applications in waste water treatment in offshore platforms; A NT/ 01/11 do IBAMA e suas aplicacoes no tratamento de efluentes nas plataformas offshore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paravidino, Thadeu Crespo; Miocque, Andre; Oliveira, Cristiane Lopes de [Vicel Comercio e Industria e Servico Ltda., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2012-07-01

    This paper aims to present the technical standard IBAMA (NT01/11) as it applies to wastewater treatment projects in maritime exploration and production of oil and gas, and the solutions proposed by the company VICEL to meet with this standard and the other existing laws in force in Brazil. To meet these objectives, the paper covers the following topics: environmental legislation applicable to maritime enterprises of exploration and production of oil and gas operating in Brazil: concepts and definitions of MARPOL and CONAMA Resolution 357 (amended by CONAMA 430), Law 9966/2000 and NT01/11; PCP - Pollution Control Project required by IBAMA; the solutions proposed by VICEL - Gray Water Policy Management and Treatment System (GWTS). Throughout its development, this paper presents in detail the analysis of the gray water effluents generated on board of a drilling rig, and the results obtained with the installation of a prototype system for treating gray water (GWTS). Finally, this paper demonstrates that IBAMA NT01/11 regulation is intended to guide and create means for monitoring all maritime enterprises of exploration and production of oil and gas operating in Brazil, in order to promote the reduction of the pollution caused by their operation (ecological footprint), concludes as compulsory the treatment for the gray water generated on board, and presents VICEL solutions for the implementation of a waste management policy and the installation of a Gray Water Treatment System (GWTS). (author)

  13. Main requirements of a health and wellbeing platform: Findings from four focus group discussions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broers, W.J.W.; Nikayin, F.A.; De Reuver, G.A.

    2014-01-01

    Supporting the ageing population is a worldwide challenge as it causes a huge tension on societies, regarding to healthcare budgets, resources, pensions and social security systems. To support people ‘age in place’ we propose a digital matchmaking platform for health and wellbeing. Nevertheless, wha

  14. Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) platform configuration and integration. Final report. Volume I. Systems requirements and evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1978-06-01

    Studies leading to the development of two 400 MW Offshore Thermal Energy Conversion Commercial Plants are presented. This volume includes a summary of three tasks: task IIA--systems evaluation and requirements; task IIB--evaluation plan; task III--technology review; and task IV--systems integration evaluation. Task IIA includes the definition of top level requirements and an assessment of factors critical to the selection of hull configuration and size, quantification of payload requirements and characteristics, and sensitivity of system characteristics to site selection. Task IIB includes development of a methodology for systematically evaluating the candidate hullforms, based on interrelationships and priorities developed during task IIA. Task III includes the assessment of current technology and identification of deficiencies in relation to OTEC requirements and the development of plans to correct such deficiencies. Task IV involves the formal evaluation of the six candidate hullforms in relation to sit and plant capacity to quantify cost/size/capability relationships, leading to selection of an optimum commercial plant. (WHK)

  15. Decommissioning of offshore installations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oeen, Sigrun; Iversen, Per Erik; Stokke, Reidunn; Nielsen, Frantz; Henriksen, Thor; Natvig, Henning; Dretvik, Oeystein; Martinsen, Finn; Bakke, Gunnstein

    2010-07-01

    New legislation on the handling and storage of radioactive substances came into force 1 January 2011. This version of the report is updated to reflect this new regulation and will therefore in some chapters differ from the Norwegian version (see NEI-NO--1660). The Ministry of the Environment commissioned the Climate and Pollution Agency to examine the environmental impacts associated with the decommissioning of offshore installations (demolition and recycling). This has involved an assessment of the volumes and types of waste material and of decommissioning capacity in Norway now and in the future. This report also presents proposals for measures and instruments to address environmental and other concerns that arise in connection with the decommissioning of offshore installations. At present, Norway has four decommissioning facilities for offshore installations, three of which are currently involved in decommissioning projects. Waste treatment plants of this kind are required to hold permits under the Pollution Control Act. The permit system allows the pollution control authority to tailor the requirements in a specific permit by evaluating conditions and limits for releases of pollutants on a case-to-case basis, and the Act also provides for requirements to be tightened up in line with the development of best available techniques (BAT). The environmental risks posed by decommissioning facilities are much the same as those from process industries and other waste treatment plants that are regulated by means of individual permits. Strict requirements are intended to ensure that environmental and health concerns are taken into account. The review of the four Norwegian decommissioning facilities in connection with this report shows that the degree to which requirements need to be tightened up varies from one facility to another. The permit for the Vats yard is newest and contains the strictest conditions. The Climate and Pollution Agency recommends a number of measures

  16. Failure Mechanism of Suction Foundation of Offshore Platform Based on Centrifuge Modeling and Limit Analysis%海洋平台地基基础变形破坏离心模拟和极限分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建红; 林小静; 熊中生; 鲁晓兵

    2012-01-01

    The paper presents the results of centrifuge model tests performed to study the failure mechanism of suction bucket foundation of offshore platform under cyclic lateral vibration loads. Electromagnetic actuator with wide frequency range and heavy load used in the tests was developed in light of China's offshore geological conditions and ocean environments. Two failure modes might happen; liquefaction in the early excitation and settlement-induced problem after long-term excitation. However, with increased stiffness of the large diameter cylinders, the pore pressures and the induced settlement decrease. A three dimensional limit analysis method by which the joint effect of lateral load, horizontal load and bending moment could be considered was proposed based on upper boundary theorem of plastic mechanics to simulate the soil-foundation system. The results of numerical analysis were basically in agreement with the centrifuge modeling results.%吸力式基础是海洋平台的一种新型基础形式,具有承载力高、成本低、可重复使用和适应各种复杂的海洋荷载环境等优点,在近海滩涂和深海石油开发中有广泛的应用.针对中国近海地质条件和海洋环境开展吸力式基础承载特性的研究,研制了离心机上电磁式、长历时、大负载、宽频率范围激振器,实现了对结构施加循环水平动荷载.进行了一系列海洋平台吸力式基础离心模型试验,揭示了结构振动荷载作用下基础变形失稳机理,得到了荷载强度和结构刚度对基础稳定性的影响.提出了能够考虑竖向荷载、水平荷载和弯矩联合作用、基于塑性力学上限定理的桶基-地基的三维极限分析方法.

  17. Wind/Wave Misalignment in the Loads Analysis of a Floating Offshore Wind Turbine: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barj, L.; Stewart, S.; Stewart, G.; Lackner, M.; Jonkman, J.; Robertson, A.

    2014-02-01

    Wind resources far from the shore and in deeper seas have encouraged the offshore wind industry to look into floating platforms. The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is developing a new technical specification for the design of floating offshore wind turbines that extends existing design standards for land-based and fixed-bottom offshore wind turbines. The work summarized in this paper supports the development of best practices and simulation requirements in the loads analysis of floating offshore wind turbines by examining the impact of wind/wave misalignment on the system loads under normal operation. Simulations of the OC3-Hywind floating offshore wind turbine system under a wide range of wind speeds, significant wave heights, peak-spectral periods and wind/wave misalignments have been carried out with the aero-servo-hydro-elastic tool FAST [4]. The extreme and fatigue loads have been calculated for all the simulations. The extreme and fatigue loading as a function of wind/wave misalignment have been represented as load roses and a directional binning sensitivity study has been carried out. This study focused on identifying the number and type of wind/wave misalignment simulations needed to accurately capture the extreme and fatigue loads of the system in all possible metocean conditions considered, and for a down-selected set identified as the generic US East Coast site. For this axisymmetric platform, perpendicular wind and waves play an important role in the support structure and including these cases in the design loads analysis can improve the estimation of extreme and fatigue loads. However, most structural locations see their highest extreme and fatigue loads with aligned wind and waves. These results are specific to the spar type platform, but it is expected that the results presented here will be similar to other floating platforms.

  18. Offshore Outsourcing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Benito, Gabriel; Dovgan, Olesya; Petersen, Bent

    2013-01-01

    Based on a case study of the Danish company SimCorp and the development of its operations in Kiev, Ukraine, we analyze offshore outsourcing in a broader, longitudinal foreign operation mode context, and how it may contribute to mode change in the host country over a certain span of time. Sim......Corp had outsourced part of its software development work to two Ukrainian companies. The case study approach allowed us to explore the dynamic processes in depth. The study shows that involvement in the foreign market generates learning in various forms that provide a foundation for eventual mode...... development or change—beyond outsourcing specific learning. At the same time, restrictions on 3rd parties’, that is, independent vendors’ access to confidential client data, as well as protection of specific investments in human assets, may eventually become a driver for mode change, as in the SimCorp case...

  19. Preliminary Design of a Multi-Column TLP Foundation for a 5-MW Offshore Wind Turbine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanping He

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Currently, floating wind turbines (FWTs may be the more economical and suitable systems with which to exploit offshore wind energy in deep waters. Among the various types of floating foundations for offshore wind farms, a tension leg platform (TLP foundation can provide a relatively stable platform for currently available offshore wind turbines without requiring major modifications. In this study, a new multi-column TLP foundation (WindStar TLP was developed for the NREL 5-MW offshore wind turbine according to site-specific environmental conditions, which are the same as the OC3-Hywind (NREL conditions. The general arrangement, main structure and mooring system were also designed and investigated through hydrodynamic and natural frequency analyses. The complete system avoids resonance through the rotor excitations. An aero-hydro-servo-elastic coupled analysis was carried out in the time domain with the numerical tool FAST. Statistics of the key parameters were obtained and analysed and comparisons to MIT/NREL TLP are made. As a result, the design requirements were shown to be satisfied, and the proposed WindStar TLP was shown to have favourable motion characteristics under extreme wind and wave conditions with a lighter and smaller structure. The new concept holds great potential for further development.

  20. Offshore concrete structures; Estructuras Offshore (mar adentro) de Hormigon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lamas Pardo, M.; Carral Couce, L. M.

    2011-07-01

    In the offshore industry there are two possible materials for the construction of the hull of a structure; the steel and concrete, with the first one widely used until now, as in the rest of the shipbuilding industry of merchant ships, warships, etc. Materials such as aluminum, GRP or timber areused in small units with lengths lower than 100 m, and in less adverse conditions than in the offshore industry. Nevertheless, some ships/barges have been built of concrete in the past, but have been rather isolated cases which have not changed the practice in the industry. In the First and Second World War were built by the scarcity of materials, while the series of barges by Alfred A. Yee was a rare exception. Other units were also made in concrete, but almost anecdotal. Still, the behaviour of these concrete structures, especially in terms of maintenance, has been excellent. Therefore, the fact that the concrete has not had an adequate reception so far in shipbuilding, does not mean that in will not be the material best suited for the offshore industry in the future. The extra displacement and associated fuel costs in concrete ships have been found prohibitive in the past. But the loss of mobility of a concrete hull in relation to a steel hull can be perfectly offset by the advantages offered by the concrete, as the shipping and offshore industry have very different priorities. One of the main differences in these priorities is in terms of maintenance and resistance to fatigue, precisely where the concrete performs better. ships can easily be dry docked for maintenance and repair, while in the offshore platforms these works have to be done in situ so maintenance and fatigue are crucial to them. Besides these, the concrete has other advantages according to findings of several studies. And although they are interested in the conclusions that the makes as they came from people in the concrete industry, the fact that in recent years concrete offshore unit shave been built

  1. Wave run-up on offshore wind turbine foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baden, Elisabeth; Skourup, Jesper; Andersen, Thomas Lykke

    2012-01-01

    Wave run-up on appurtenances like boat landings, ladders, platforms and J-tubes of Offshore Wind Turbine foundations have in some cases caused severe and costly damage to these installations. A well-known example of large run-up was registered at the foundations of Horns Reef Offshore Wind Farm...

  2. 海洋石油平台用E40钢板的高温变形行为%High Temperature Deformation Behavior for E40 Steel Plate Used for Offshore Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    狄国标; 刘美艳; 麻庆申; 司良英; 刘振宇

    2013-01-01

    在MMS-200型热模拟试验机上通过单道次压缩试验研究了海洋平台用E40钢板的高温变形行为及动态再结晶行为;确定了该钢理想的加热温度.结果表明:随着变形温度的升高,该钢的动态再结晶临界切应力呈减小的趋势;动态再结晶的开始温度在900~950℃范围内;850℃时真应力-真应变曲线下降的主要原因是应变诱导铁素体相变;900℃以上时真应力-真应变曲线的下降是动态再结晶所致;其理想的变形加热温度为1 200℃.%High temperature deformation behavior and dynamic recrystalization behavior of an E40 steel plate used for offshore platform were studied by single-pass compressive testing on MMS-200 hot simulation tester. A perfect austenization temperature for the tested steel was determined. The results show that critical shear stree for dynamic recrystalization decreased with the increase of deformation temperature. The start temperature for dynamic recrystalization varied in the range of 900-950℃. The true stress-true strain curve declined at 850℃, which could be explained by strain-induced ferrite transformation, and when deformation temperature was above 900 ℃,dynamic recrystalization led to true stress-true strain curve declining. Ideal deformation temperature of the steel was 1 200℃.

  3. Application of central air conditioner system on modular drilling rig of offshore ifxed platform%集中空调系统在海洋固定平台模块钻机上的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗立臣; 许瑞杰; 马冬辉

    2014-01-01

    Based on the air conditioner selection of Lu Feng7-2 oil ifeld modular drilling rig project, this paper determines two sets of selection of air conditioner by preliminary study, which are central and separation air conditioner systems, respectively. With comparison between the central air conditioner and the split air conditioner in cost, effciency, comfort, space, etc., it concludes that the central air conditioner system has the advantages of lower operation cost, higher energy effciency ratio, better comfort capability, smaller space occupation and so on. It also analyzes its superiority and prospect of application on the modular drilling rig of offshore ifxed platform, which can provide a certain reference for the room cooling design and the equipment selection.%结合陆丰7-2油田模块钻机项目空调选型,通过前期调查研究制定了两套空调选型方案:集中空调系统方案和分体空调系统方案。通过对比两者在费用、工作效率、舒适性、占用空间等方面的特点,得出集中空调系统具有初始投入及运行成本低、能效比高、舒适性好、占地面积小等方面的优点,并分析了集中空调在海洋固定平台模块钻机上使用的优越性以及应用前景,对海洋固定平台模块钻机的房间制冷设计及设备选型提供了一定的参考。

  4. Relationship between occupational stress and mental health in offshore oil platform workers%海上平台员工职业应激与心理健康的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴洪涛; 肖太钦; 邹建芳; 单永乐; 李子建

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between occupational stress and mental health in offshore oil platform workers and to provide a scientific basis for protection of their mental health.Methods A total of 768 workers on offshore oil platform were surveyed with the Occupational Stress Inventory Revised Edition and Symptom Check List-90 (SCL-90).Results The total score of Occupational Role Questionnaire (ORQ) for the workers (160.27±24.63) was significantly lower than the national norm (166.52±27.01) (P< 0.01); the total score of Personal Strain Questionnaire (PSQ) (101.96±19.8) was significantly higher than the national norm (92.45±17.33) (P<0.01).The total score of Personal Resource Questionnaire (PRQ) for the workers was not significantly different from the national norm (P>0.05),but the items of recreation,social support,and rational/cognitive fonnd significant difference (P<0.05).The total score of SCL-90 was positively correlated with all items of ORQ and PSQ (P<0.0l) and negatively correlated with all items of PRQ (P<0.01).The multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that current work seniority,education background,drinking,role overload,role insufficiency,role ambiguity,responsibility,physical environment,and rational/cognitive conduct impacted the score of SCL-90 (P<0.05).Conclusion The mental health of workers on offshore oil platform is related to occupational stress,and role overload,role ambiguity,physical environment,and rational/ cognitive conduct,etc,are closely associated with the workers' mental health.%目的 探讨某油田海上平台员工职业应激、心理健康状况以及两者之间的关系,为提高其心理健康水平提供科学依据.方法 采用职业紧张量表(OSI-R)与症状自评量表(SCL-90)对768名海上平台员工进行问卷调查.结果 海上平台员工的职业任务总分(160.27±24.63)低于常模值(166.52±27.01)、个体紧张反应总分(101.96±19.8)高于常模值(92.45±17

  5. 海洋废弃平台桩基拆除切割方法的研究和发展%Research and development of cutting methods for removing piles of offshore discarded platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海波; 张岚; 孟庆鑫; 王喆

    2011-01-01

    桩基切割是海洋废弃平台拆除作业中的一项比较困难的工作.综述了可用于平台桩基切割的潜水员水下火焰切割、聚能爆破切割、旋转式内部机械切割、磨料高压射流切割和金刚石绳锯机切割五种方法.详细叙述了金刚石绳锯机切割海洋结构物的发展历程,对用于废弃平台桩基切割的绳锯机进行了结构及功能的上的全面介绍,并且分析了国外此方面的最新成果,展示了一些典型的绳锯机切割桩基工程实例.通过对比分析可知金刚石绳锯机切割桩基是一种比较安全可靠、先进环保的方法.%Piles cutting is a more difficult work in removal operations on offshore discarded platform.Five cutting ways are described in it which include divers underwater flarne cutting,shaped blasting cut ting,rotary internal mechanical cutting, high pressure abrasive jet cutting and diamond wire saw cutting. The development course of diamond wire saw cutting marine structures is expounded in it,the structure and function of the wire saw for cutting discarded platform piles is comprehensively introduced as well. then the latest foreign achievements in this area are analyzed as well as some typical engineering cases of wire saw cutting piles are showed.It is known that diamond wire saw cutting is a more safer, reliable, advanced as well as environmentally-friendly cutting method by contrast analyzing.

  6. Detection of offshore ship and well platform based on optical remote sensing images%基于可见光的海上船舶油井平台遥感检测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟若琳; 邢前国

    2013-01-01

    针对目前海上船舶油井提取多是使用已有的非实时陆地岸线提取海域,并且提取算法缺少在大尺度影像上搜索和查找可能存在目标能力的问题,提出一种基于可见光遥感数据的船舶油井检测策略.该策略主要包括综合形态学运算提取海域、目标有无判定算法、迭代最优阈值分割(TS)滑动窗口(SW)目标提取三个部分.探讨了目标有无判定算法中的参数设置和滑动窗口的大小设置,并将提取结果与人工目视解译结果进行了交叉对比验证.结果表明,该策略通过设置合理的参数,可使目标提取的真实精度达到0.981,相对精度达到0.954,表现出较高的实用性.%To improve situations as follows: in the strategies of offshore ship and well platform detection, most masks of sea zones use non-real time shoreline database;targets seeking algorithms lack capability of searching targets in large scale images, a strategy of ship and well platform detection based on optical remote sensing images was proposed. The strategy included building masks of sea zones using morphological operations, determining decision algorithms of targets' existence, and extracting targets' locations based on iterative optimal Threshold Segmentation (TS) in Sliding Windows (SW). Parameters in the decision algorithm and the size of sliding window were analyzed, and the corresponding results were cross validated with that of artificial visual interpretation. The experimental results prove that the absolute accuracy of targets extraction arrives 0.981 while relative accuracy of targets extraction arrives 0. 954 with proper parameters set. This strategy shows practical value.

  7. Application of the Cuttings Treatment Device in the DSJ300-1 Offshore Drilling Platform%岩屑处理装置在DSJ300-1海洋钻井平台上的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯利杰; 张福; 马永新; 杜渊; 蔡胜利

    2013-01-01

    采用油基钻井液钻井产生的岩屑不但会造成钻井液的损失,而且随着井深的加大,大量岩屑若不加处理而直接排放,会破坏海洋生态环境,若直接收集又会给平台的岩屑清理造成很大的工作量.针对该问题,DSJ300-1海洋钻井平台采用了一套岩屑处理装置来处理钻井岩屑.该装置主要由岩屑甩干机、螺旋输送机、钻井液驳运泵、液体收集罐和液位自控控制装置等组成,它与振动筛、一体机、离心机等其他钻井液净化设备相比较,能减小岩屑的含油质量分数约10%,使其不大于5%.该装置具有液位自控控制功能,能有效减少现场操作人员的工作量,延长钻井液驳运泵的使用寿命.%The cuttings produced in the process of drilling which adopts oil-based drilling fluid will cause loss of drilling fluid. Moreover, with the increase in well depth large amounts of cuttings produced in drilling will do harm to the marine ecological environment if they are not treated but discharged directly. The workload of cuttings removal from the platform will increase remarkably if they are gathered directly. In light of the problem the DSJ300 - 1 offshore drilling platform adopted a set of cuttings treatment device to handle drilling cuttings. The device mainly consists of cuttings drying machine, spiral conveyor, drilling fluid transfer pump, liquid gathering tank and liquid level self-control device. Compared with other drilling fluid purification equipments such as shale shaker, all-in-one machine and centrifuge, it can reduce oil content in cuttings by about 10% and make it no more than 5%. It can effectively reduce the workload of field operators and lengthen the service life of drilling fluid transfer pump.

  8. Requirements for future gasoline DI systems and respective platform solutions; Anforderungen an zukuenftige Otto DI-Einspritzsysteme und entsprechende Plattformloesungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schoeppe, Detlev; Greff, Andreas; Zhang, Hong; Frenzel, Holger; Roesel, Gerd; Achleitner, Erwin; Kapphan, Friedrich [Continental Automotive GmbH, Regensburg (Germany)

    2011-07-01

    The spark-ignition engine is the world's most common type of engine. Its outstanding cost / benefit ratio and high performance mean it will continue to be developed and improved to meet future more stringent requirements on aspects such as ''fun to drive'' qualities, low fuel consumption and particle number emissions limits. Meeting these future requirements demands measures in the area of the air-fuel system and the ignition system. To meet these objectives, Continental can supply a range of tailored platform solutions for the different markets. A basic enabling technology for reducing fuel consumption is the turbocharged direct-injection gasoline engine, for which Continental has developed injection system technology and an innovative turbocharger which improves the dynamic behavior of the engine. In combination with variable valve train functionality, this technology opens up new scope for reducing fuel consumption by downsizing and downspeeding. A key part in meeting future emission requirements is played by the injection system. In particular, the improvements here are focused on two parameters: accurate fuel metering, particularly for very small injection quantities, and spray preparation. Innovative injection systems incorporating these features are part of the Continental portfolio. A mechatronic approach allows the performance of injection components to be improved in order to meet future requirements on accurate fuel metering and mixture formation at the injection valves. A mechatronic approach can also reduce the noise emissions of the highpressure pump. Turbocharged direct-injection engines require more ignition energy than naturally aspirated engines. These requirements are met by an innovative ignition system. The open-architecture, scalable EMS 3 engine management platform presented at last year's Vienna Engine Symposium provides a convenient way of integrating the various new functionalities for different markets and

  9. Offshoring and International Competitiveness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørberg Jensen, Peter D.; Pedersen, Torben

    2012-01-01

    During the past decade, offshoring has become an established business practice. Yet it is still more common to offshore less advanced tasks compared with offshoring more advanced tasks, i.e., tasks closer to the core activities of the firm. The latter is a new phenomenon which raises many new...... of advanced offshoring, exploring what causes firms to offshore some of their more advanced tasks. Our findings indicate that while the lower cost of unskilled, labor-intensive processes is the main driver for firms that offshore less advanced tasks, the offshoring of advanced tasks is part of firms’ strategy...... to achieve international competitiveness through access to cross-border knowledge flows and foreign knowledge resources. Furthermore, offshoring of advanced manufacturing tasks seems to be more widespread and experience-based than the offshoring of advanced service tasks....

  10. Nova Scotia offshore renewal plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-10-15

    Increase in global exploration and production have caused a reduction in offshore exploration licences. This paper outlined the government of Nova Scotia's offshore renewal plan. The plan was designed to clarify the role of the government and the Canada-Nova Scotia Offshore Petroleum Board (CNSOPB) and federal government. The plan was comprised of 4 different sections, including (1) geoscience, (2) new policy, (3) regulation, and (4) investment abstraction. Requests for proposals are now being designed to develop a better understanding of the geology of offshore Nova Scotia, including the shelf slope and deep water areas in the vicinity of Sable Island. A code of practice is currently being developed to minimize the impact of resource development on the marine environment while supporting the economic development of smaller oil and gas discoveries. Resource and analysis packages are currently being developed to help investors compute the risks associated with developing offshore sites. It was concluded that early action is required to address challenges and knowledge gaps related to geological data, regulatory efficiency, policy, and marketing strategies. Success of the plan will require the continued cooperation, and support of various governmental agencies. Details of regulatory renewal initiative projects were included. 1 fig.

  11. Reliability-Analysis of Offshore Structures using Directional Loads

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, John Dalsgaard; Bloch, Allan; Sterndorff, M. J.

    2000-01-01

    Reliability analyses of offshore structures such as steel jacket platforms are usually performed using stochastic models for the wave loads based on the omnidirectional wave height. However, reliability analyses with respect to structural failure modes such as total collapse of a structure...... heights from the central part of the North Sea. It is described how the stochastic model for the directional wave heights can be used in a reliability analysis where total collapse of offshore steel jacket platforms is considered....

  12. Dynamic analysis and design of offshore structures

    CERN Document Server

    Chandrasekaran, Srinivasan

    2015-01-01

    This book  attempts to provide readers with an overall idea of various types of offshore platform geometries. It covers the various environmental loads encountered by these structures, a detailed description of the fundamentals of structural dynamics in a class-room style, estimate of damping in offshore structures and their applications in the preliminary analysis and design. Basic concepts of structural dynamics are emphasized through simple illustrative examples and exercises. Design methodologies and guidelines, which are FORM based concepts are explained through a few applied example structures. Each chapter also has tutorials and exercises for self-learning. A dedicated chapter on stochastic dynamics will help the students to extend the basic concepts of structural dynamics to this advanced domain of research. Hydrodynamic response of offshore structures with perforated members is one of the recent research applications, which is found to be one of the effective manner of retrofitting offshore structur...

  13. 46 CFR 111.105-33 - Mobile offshore drilling units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Mobile offshore drilling units. 111.105-33 Section 111... ELECTRIC SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Hazardous Locations § 111.105-33 Mobile offshore drilling units. (a) Applicability. This section applies to each mobile offshore drilling unit. (b) Definitions. As used in...

  14. Damage Detection in an Offshore Structure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brincker, Rune; Kirkegaard, Poul Henning; Andersen, Palle

    1995-01-01

    The structural integrity of a multi-pile offshore platform is investigated by using a vibration based damage detection scheme. Changes in structural integrity are assumed to be reflected in the modal parameters estimated from only output data using an Auto-Regressive Moving Average (ARMA) model....... By use of the estimates of the modal parameters and their corresponding variances a probability based damage indicator is formulated. This approach indicates, that since the construction of the platform, minor structural changes have taken place....

  15. Damage Detection in an Offshore Structure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brincker, Rune; Kirkegaard, Poul Henning; Andersen, P.

    The structural integrity of a multi-pile offshore platform is investigated by using a vibration based damage detection scheme. Changes in structural integrity are assumed to be reflected in the modal parameters estimated from only output data using an Auto-Regressive Moving Average (ARMA) model....... By use of the estimates of the modal parameters and their corresponding variances a probability based damage indicator is formulated. This approach indicates, that since the construction of the platform, minor structural changes have taken place....

  16. Integration of offshore wind farms through high voltage direct current networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Livermore, Luke

    The integration of offshore wind farms through Multi Terminal DC (MTDC) networks into the GB network was investigated. The ability of Voltage Source Converter (VSC) High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) to damp Subsynchronous Resonance (SSR) and ride through onshore AC faults was studied. Due to increased levels of wind generation in Scotland, substantial onshore and offshore reinforcements to the GB transmission network are proposed. Possible inland reinforcements include the use of series compensation through fixed capacitors. This potentially can lead to SSR. Offshore reinforcements are proposed by two HVDC links. In addition to its primary functions of bulk power transmission, a HVDC link can be used to provide damping against SSR, and this function has been modelled. Simulation studies have been carried out in PSCAD. In addition, a real-time hardware-in-the-loop HVDC test rig has been used to implement and validate the proposed damping scheme on an experimental platform. When faults occur within AC onshore networks, offshore MTDC networks are vulnerable to DC overvoltages, potentially damaging the DC plant and cables. Power reduction and power dissipation control systems were investigated to ride through onshore AC faults. These methods do not require dedicated fast communication systems. Simulations and laboratory experiments are carried out to evaluate the control systems, with the results from the two platforms compared..

  17. Lower oil prices, safety influence offshore design trends

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dino, G.M. (Fluor Daniel Inc., Sugar Land, TX (US))

    1989-08-07

    Current international design trends offshore are towards bigger topsides facilities, deeper water gravity support structures, cheaper facility and structure construction technology, and safer platform equipment/module layouts and process design. There are international examples that typify these four design trends. Offshore oil and gas development has grown steadily in size, water depth, cost, complexity, and technology since the first offshore field out of sight of land was found in 1947 in the Gulf of Mexico. Design trends in the offshore industry have also evolved to meet the technological challenges of the day.

  18. Optimization of Organic Rankine Cycles for Off-Shore Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pierobon, Leonardo; Larsen, Ulrik; Nguyen, Tuong-Van

    2013-01-01

    In off-shore oil and gas platform efficiency, the reliability and fuel flexibility are the major concerns when selecting the gas turbine to support the electrical and mechanical demand on the platform. In order to fulfill these requirements, turbine inlet temperature and pressure ratio are not in......, cyclohexane at 55.5 bar is the preferable working fluid with a combined thermal efficiency of 44.3%. The supercritical CO2 cycle with a maximum pressure of 192.9 bar is found to be the best alternative if an extremely low hazard is required....... are not increased up to the optimal values and one or more redundant gas turbines may be employed. With increasing incentives for reducing the CO2 emissions off-shore, improving the thermal efficiency has become a focus area. Due to the peculiar low turbine outlet temperature and due to space and weight constraints...... characteristics of the fluids, e.g. stability, environmental and human health impacts, and safety issues. Both supercritical and subcritical ORCs are included in the analysis. The optimization procedure is first applied to a conservative ORC where the maximum pressure is limited to 20 bar. Subsequently...

  19. Wave Run-Up on Offshore Windturbine Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frigaard, Peter; De Vos, Leen

    2005-01-01

    In the last decade, several offshore wind-farms are built and offshore wind energy promises to be a suitable alternative to provide green energy. However, there still are some engineering challenges in placing the wind turbine foundations offshore. For example, unexpected damage to boat landing...... facilities and platforms has been caused by wave run-up and wave impacts on the platforms. To be able to assess the forces caused by the wave run-up, it is necessary to know the maximum run-up height and the destribution of the run-up along the pile. This article describes a physical model study...

  20. Accessing offshoring advantages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mykhaylenko, Alona; Motika, Agnes; Wæhrens, Brian Vejrum

    2015-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to advance the understanding of factors that affect offshoring performance results. To do so, this paper focuses on the access to location-specific advantages, rather than solely on the properties of the offshoring company, its strategy or environment....... Assuming that different levels of synergy may exist between particular offshoring strategic decisions (choosing offshore outsourcing or captive offshoring and the type of function) and different offshoring advantages, this work advocates that the actual fact of realization of certain offshoring advantages...... (getting or not getting access to them) is a more reliable predictor of offshoring success. Design/methodology/approach – Aset of hypotheses derived from the extant literature is tested on the data from a quantitative survey of 1,143 Scandinavian firms. Findings – The paper demonstrates that different...

  1. Geosynchronous platform definition study. Volume 4, Part 1: Traffic analysis and system requirements for the baseline traffic model

    Science.gov (United States)

    1973-01-01

    The traffic analyses and system requirements data generated in the study resulted in the development of two traffic models; the baseline traffic model and the new traffic model. The baseline traffic model provides traceability between the numbers and types of geosynchronous missions considered in the study and the entire spectrum of missions foreseen in the total national space program. The information presented pertaining to the baseline traffic model includes: (1) definition of the baseline traffic model, including identification of specific geosynchronous missions and their payload delivery schedules through 1990; (2) Satellite location criteria, including the resulting distribution of the satellite population; (3) Geosynchronous orbit saturation analyses, including the effects of satellite physical proximity and potential electromagnetic interference; and (4) Platform system requirements analyses, including satellite and mission equipment descriptions, the options and limitations in grouping satellites, and on-orbit servicing criteria (both remotely controlled and man-attended).

  2. Offshore Wind Energy in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Möller, Bernd; Hong, Lixuan; Hvelplund, Frede

    Offshore wind energy has developed in terms of turbine and project size, and currently undergoes a significant up-scaling to turbines and parks at greater distance to shore and deeper waters. Expectations to the positive effect of economies of scale on power production costs, however, have...... can be explained by deeper water, higher distance to shore, bottlenecks in supply or higher raw material costs. This paper will attempt to explain the paradox of increasing costs of offshore wind energy despite larger scales and technological development by looking at other factors: The limited...... availability of locations, driven by accelerating requirements of environmental concern, park size and public acceptance, is one important driver. Mounting risk of mega-projects and the infinite demand for renewable energy is another likely cause. The present paper addresses the scale of offshore wind parks...

  3. Competition and Offshoring

    OpenAIRE

    Jose Antonio Rodriguez-Lopez

    2012-01-01

    I present a model of offshoring decisions with heterogeneous firms, random adjustment costs, and endogenous markups. The model shows an inverted-U relationship between firm-level productivity and the probability of offshoring; hence, the most productive firms are less likely to offshore than some lower-productivity firms. A tougher competitive environment has two opposing effects on firm-level offshoring likelihood: a Schumpeterian effect--accounting for the negative effect of competition on ...

  4. Waste heat recovery technologies for offshore platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pierobon, Leonardo; Benato, Alberto; Scolari, E.

    2014-01-01

    and of the primary heat exchanger, organic Rankine cycle turbogenerators appear thus to be the preferred solution to abate CO2 emissions and pollutants on oil and gas facilities. As a practical consequence, this paper provides guidelines for the design of high-efficiency, cost-competitive and low-weight power...

  5. Decommissioning of offshore installations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oeen, Sigrun; Iversen, Per Erik; Stokke, Reidunn; Nielsen, Frantz; Henriksen, Thor; Natvig, Henning; Dretvik, Oeystein; Martinsen, Finn; Bakke, Gunnstein

    2010-07-01

    New legislation on the handling and storage of radioactive substances came into force 1 January 2011. This version of the report is updated to reflect this new regulation and will therefore in some chapters differ from the Norwegian version (see NEI-NO--1660). The Ministry of the Environment commissioned the Climate and Pollution Agency to examine the environmental impacts associated with the decommissioning of offshore installations (demolition and recycling). This has involved an assessment of the volumes and types of waste material and of decommissioning capacity in Norway now and in the future. This report also presents proposals for measures and instruments to address environmental and other concerns that arise in connection with the decommissioning of offshore installations. At present, Norway has four decommissioning facilities for offshore installations, three of which are currently involved in decommissioning projects. Waste treatment plants of this kind are required to hold permits under the Pollution Control Act. The permit system allows the pollution control authority to tailor the requirements in a specific permit by evaluating conditions and limits for releases of pollutants on a case-to-case basis, and the Act also provides for requirements to be tightened up in line with the development of best available techniques (BAT). The environmental risks posed by decommissioning facilities are much the same as those from process industries and other waste treatment plants that are regulated by means of individual permits. Strict requirements are intended to ensure that environmental and health concerns are taken into account. The review of the four Norwegian decommissioning facilities in connection with this report shows that the degree to which requirements need to be tightened up varies from one facility to another. The permit for the Vats yard is newest and contains the strictest conditions. The Climate and Pollution Agency recommends a number of measures

  6. Offshore wind energy developments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stolpe, Mathias; Buhl, Thomas; Sumer, B. Mutlu

    2014-01-01

    This chapter will give a brief overview of a few of the activities within offshore wind energy research, specifically 1) Support structure optimization, 2) Blade coatings for wind turbines; 3) Scour protection of foundations, 4) Offshore HVDC and 5) Offshore wind services....

  7. Offshore wind energy developments

    OpenAIRE

    Stolpe, Mathias; Buhl, Thomas; Sumer, B. Mutlu; Kiil, Søren; Holbøll, Joachim; Piirainen, Kalle

    2014-01-01

    This chapter will give a brief overview of a few of the activities within offshore wind energy research, specifically 1) Support structure optimization, 2) Blade coatings for wind turbines; 3) Scour protection of foundations, 4) Offshore HVDC and 5) Offshore wind services.

  8. Motion Performance and Mooring System of a Floating Offshore Wind Turbine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing Zhao; Liang Zhang; Haitao Wu

    2012-01-01

    The development of offshore wind farms was originally carried out in shallow water areas with fixed (seabed mounted) structures.However,countries with limited shallow water areas require innovative floating platforms to deploy wind turbines offshore in order to harness wind energy to generate electricity in deep seas.The performances of motion and mooring system dynamics are vital to designing a cost effective and durable floating platform.This paper describes a numerical model to simulate dynamic behavior of a new semi-submersible type floating offshore wind turbine (FOWT) system.The wind turbine was modeled as a wind block with a certain thrust coefficient,and the hydrodynamics and mooring system dynamics of the platform were calculated by SESAM software.The effect of change in environmental conditions on the dynamic response of the system under wave and wind loading was examined.The results indicate that the semi-submersible concept has excellent performance and SESAM could be an effective tool for floating wind turbine design and analysis.

  9. 海上采油平台人员心理健康状况及影响因素%Mental health and related factors in workers on offshore oil recovery platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢士军; 蒋与刚; 庞伟; 杨红澎; 卢豪; 李静; 彭守文

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status of mental health and its influence factors among the workers on offshore oil recovery platform. Methods Totally 196 works were recruited. Symptom Checklist-90 ( SCL-90), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale ( SAS), Self-Rating Depression Scale ( SDS ), Knowledge, Attitude, Practice (KAP) Scale, Stress Questionnaire, International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) Short Forms and the essential information questionnaire were applied to evaluate the status of mental henalth of the workers. Physical examination and biochemical evaluation were conducted simultaneously. Results The results of SCL-90 test showed that the total score,depression score,anxiety score,and psychosis score of the workers were 130. 72 ±37. 37,1.63 ±0. 50,1.53 ±0. 57,and 1.45 ±0. 49,respectirely,and were significantly higher than those in Chinese adult norm( P < 0. 05 ). The number of workers with anxiety and depression were 76 and 57,with the prevalences of 38. 8 % and 29. 1%, respectively. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the influence factors of mental health were occupational stress, adaption of special condition and life plumpness. Adaption of special conditions,nutritional and healthy awareness,physical acticities and life plumpness were main influence factors of anxiety scales. While the main influence factors of depression scales included physical activity, life plumpness ,nutrition-related chronic disease, and shift of life rhythm. Conclusion The workers on offshore oil recovery platform have some mental health problems and the comprehensive intervention including psychology ,nutrition and exercise should be developed.%目的 了解中国近海采油平台人员心理健康状况及相关影响因素.方法 以中海油某采油平台员工196人为研究对象,采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)、营养知识-态度-行为量表(KAP)、应激量表、体力活动

  10. From Offshoring to Backshoring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Slepniov, Dmitrij; Madsen, Erik Skov

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the evolution of offshoring over time. The paper employs qualitative methodology and on the basis of two case studies of Danish companies, it develops a framework conceptualizing the stages of offshoring and highlights the factors driving the transition...... between these stages. The framework challenges the linear nature of offshoring and proposes the existence of ‘the pendulum effect’. The pendulum effect suggests that the modes of offshoring (i.e. captive and non-captive) and geographies of offshoring (i.e. home and abroad) are not static; rather......, they change in the course of the life cycle of offshored tasks. The findings of the paper advance our understanding about how and why geography and mode of offshored tasks may change over time. The main emphasis is given to the concepts of backshoring and repatriation of activities that increasingly attract...

  11. Inspector shortage in the offshore oil industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Varcoe, David

    2002-07-01

    According to an article published by the Scotsman Online, a critical shortage of offshore safety inspectors is placing the lives of thousands of North Sea oil men at risk. Key improvements in the offshore safety regime, which followed the Piper Alpha disaster, are being compromised by the inability of front-line inspectors from the UK government's Health and Safety Executive to police platforms in the UK sector of the North Sea. The present article discusses the safety situation in the petroleum industry of the North Sea.

  12. Using coral disease prevalence to assess the effects of concentrating tourism activities on offshore reefs in a tropical marine park.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamb, Joleah B; Willis, Bette L

    2011-10-01

    Concentrating tourism activities can be an effective way to closely manage high-use parks and minimize the extent of the effects of visitors on plants and animals, although considerable investment in permanent tourism facilities may be required. On coral reefs, a variety of human-related disturbances have been associated with elevated levels of coral disease, but the effects of reef-based tourist facilities (e.g., permanent offshore visitor platforms) on coral health have not been assessed. In partnership with reef managers and the tourism industry, we tested the effectiveness of concentrating tourism activities as a strategy for managing tourism on coral reefs. We compared prevalence of brown band disease, white syndromes, black band disease, skeletal eroding band, and growth anomalies among reefs with and without permanent tourism platforms within the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. Coral diseases were 15 times more prevalent at reefs with offshore tourism platforms than at nearby reefs without platforms. The maximum prevalence and maximum number of cases of each disease type were recorded at reefs with permanently moored tourism platforms. Diseases affected 10 coral genera from 7 families at reefs with platforms and 4 coral genera from 3 families at reefs without platforms. The greatest number of disease cases occurred within the spatially dominant acroporid corals, which exhibited 18-fold greater disease prevalence at reefs with platforms than at reefs without platforms. Neither the percent cover of acroporids nor overall coral cover differed significantly between reefs with and without platforms, which suggests that neither factor was responsible for the elevated levels of disease. Identifying how tourism activities and platforms facilitate coral disease in marine parks will help ensure ongoing conservation of coral assemblages and tourism.

  13. A Review of Engine Seal Performance and Requirements for Current and Future Army Engine Platforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado, Irebert R.; Proctor, Margaret P.

    2008-01-01

    Sand ingestion continues to impact combat ground and air vehicles in military operations in the Middle East. The T-700 engine used in Apache and Blackhawk helicopters has been subjected to increased overhauls due to sand and dust ingestion during desert operations. Engine component wear includes compressor and turbine blades/vanes resulting in decreased engine power and efficiency. Engine labyrinth seals have also been subjected to sand and dust erosion resulting in tooth tip wear, increased clearances, and loss in efficiency. For the current investigation, a brief overview is given of the history of the T-700 engine development with respect to sand and dust ingestion requirements. The operational condition of labyrinth seals taken out of service from 4 different locations of the T-700 engine during engine overhauls are examined. Collaborative efforts between the Army and NASA to improve turbine engine seal leakage and life capability are currently focused on noncontacting, low leakage, compliant designs. These new concepts should be evaluated for their tolerance to sand laden air. Future R&D efforts to improve seal erosion resistance and operation in desert environments are recommended

  14. Routing helicopters for crew exchanges on off-shore locations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sierksma, G.; Tijssen, G.A.

    1998-01-01

    This paper deals with a vehicle routing problem with split demands, namely the problem of determining a flight schedule for helicopters to off-shore platform locations for exchanging crew people employed on these platforms. The problem is formulated as an LP model and solved by means of a column-gen

  15. NREL Offshore Balance-of-System Model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maness, Michael [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Maples, Benjamin [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Smith, Aaron [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2017-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has investigated the potential for 20% of nationwide electricity demand to be generated from wind by 2030 and, more recently, 35% by 2050. Achieving this level of wind power generation may require the development and deployment of offshore wind technologies. DOE (2008) has indicated that reaching these 2030 and 2050 scenarios could result in approximately 10% and 20%, respectively, of wind energy generation to come from offshore resources. By the end of 2013, 6.5 gigawatts of offshore wind were installed globally. The first U.S. project, the Block Island Wind Farm off the coast of Rhode Island, has recently begun operations. One of the major reasons that offshore wind development in the United States is lagging behind global trends is the high capital expenditures required. An understanding of the costs and associated drivers of building a commercial-scale offshore wind plant in the United States will inform future research and help U.S. investors feel more confident in offshore wind development. In an effort to explain these costs, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory has developed the Offshore Balance-of-System model.

  16. Baltic 2 offshore wind farm. Challenges and solutions during design and erection of a 288 MW offshore wind power plant; Baltic 2 Offshore Windpark. Herausforderungen und Loesungen waehrend der Design- und Errichtungsphase eines 288 MW Offshore-Windkraftwerks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stamatelopoulos, Georg-Nikolaus; Kansy, Stefan [EnBW Energie Baden-Wuerttemberg AG, Stuttgart (Germany); Hannibal, John Michael [Siemens AG, Hamburg (Germany). Wind Power and Renewables Div.; Frettloehr, Bjoern [EnBW Energie Baden-Wuerttemberg AG, Hamburg (Germany). Wind und Maritime Technik

    2015-05-01

    Offshore wind offers a great potential for reliable power supply with markedly less future costs. However, offshore also means special requirements related to transport and installation at sea. Even if these requirements alone are very stringent, they are not the only ones that apply. Meeting these challenges requires project organisation comparable to other major projects.

  17. 海上风机吊装与运输专用工作船设计%Design of special workship for lifting and transporting offshore wind turbine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚震球; 马义猛; 韩强; 严周广; 李顺年; 李岳洋

    2011-01-01

    Offshore wind turbine installation vessel is key equipment for building offshore wind power station. In order to meet the developing demand of offshore wind power operations in Jiangsu province, and to satisfy the requirements of coastal intertidal and coastal areas offshore wind power station, offshore wind turbine installation vessel for lifting and transporting offshore wind turbine is designed. The length of self-propelled and self-elevating special workship for offshore wind turbine lifting and transport is 86.7 m, belonging to the third generation of lifting work platform for offshore wind power station construction. It can fulfill transportation, installation, maintenance of offshore wind turbine and other operations tasks below the water depth of 25 m wind power station.%海上风机吊装作业船是建设海上风电场的关键设备.为适应江苏地区海上风电场建设的需要,针对江苏沿海潮间带及沿海区域海上风电场风电机组安装作业要求,进行了海上风机吊装与运输专用作业船设计.所完成的86.7 m自航自升式海上风机吊装与运输专用作业船属海上风电场建设第3代吊装工作平台,具备自航、自升、运输、起重等复合功能,可完成水深25 m以下的海上风机运输、安装和海上风电场维护等作业任务.

  18. Offshore Wind Energy Cost Modeling Installation and Decommissioning

    CERN Document Server

    Kaiser, Mark J

    2012-01-01

    Offshore wind energy is one of the most promising and fastest growing alternative energy sources in the world. Offshore Wind Energy Cost Modeling provides a methodological framework to assess installation and decommissioning costs, and using examples from the European experience, provides a broad review of existing processes and systems used in the offshore wind industry. Offshore Wind Energy Cost Modeling provides a step-by-step guide to modeling costs over four sections. These sections cover: ·Background and introductory material, ·Installation processes and vessel requirements, ·Installation cost estimation, and ·Decommissioning methods and cost estimation.  This self-contained and detailed treatment of the key principles in offshore wind development is supported throughout by visual aids and data tables. Offshore Wind Energy Cost Modeling is a key resource for anyone interested in the offshore wind industry, particularly those interested in the technical and economic aspects of installation and decom...

  19. New perspectives in offshore wind energy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Failla, Giuseppe; Arena, Felice

    2015-02-28

    The design of offshore wind turbines is one of the most fascinating challenges in renewable energy. Meeting the objective of increasing power production with reduced installation and maintenance costs requires a multi-disciplinary approach, bringing together expertise in different fields of engineering. The purpose of this theme issue is to offer a broad perspective on some crucial aspects of offshore wind turbines design, discussing the state of the art and presenting recent theoretical and experimental studies.

  20. Exploration in western offshore of Libya

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1983-01-01

    After establishing the offshore boundary between Libya and Tunisia, exploratory work was activated on the western offshore sections of Libya. According to recent information, in the beginning of 1983 the company Esso at block NC87 from a semisubmersible drilling platform drilled well A-1. In order to implement the program of exploratory drilling, it is planned to switch the semisubmersible drilling platform Sedco belonging to the company Elf here also. The boundary offshore sections between Libya and Tunisia have been acknowledged as very promising and are of great importance to oil companies. This was greatly promoted by the successful results of the previous prospecting drilling on the territorial water area of Tunisia. In the beginning of 1976, headed by the company Aquitaine, a consortium discovered an oil field roughly 100 km from the Libyan coast. In 1977 on this same concession section, a second oil field was discovered. The Agip company on the western offshore sections of Libya also discovered two oil fields. One of them, the Bouri field which is located in block NC41, will soon be put into operation. The initial level of oil recovery at this field should be 12,000 m/sup 3//day.

  1. Whether and What to Offshore?

    OpenAIRE

    Ørberg Jensen, Peter D.; Pedersen, Torben

    2007-01-01

    In this article, we explore the idea that offshoring of services and technical work should be regarded as a dynamic process that evolves over time. Firms gradually move from offshoring of simple, standardized activities towards offshoring of advanced activities when they accumulate experience with offshoring, and this type of offshoring comes with an entirely different set of characteristics compared to traditional, cost-seeking offshoring. Based on a unique survey among the total population ...

  2. Waste heat recovery for offshore applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pierobon, Leonardo; Kandepu, Rambabu; Haglind, Fredrik

    2012-01-01

    energy in the gas turbine off-gas using heat exchangers, and the recovered thermal energy acts as heat source for some of the heat loads on the platform. The amount of the recovered thermal energy depends on the heat loads and thus the full potential of waste heat recovery units may not be utilized...... vary in the range 20-30%. There are several technologies available for onshore gas turbines (and low/medium heat sources) to convert the waste heat into electricity. For offshore applications it is not economical and practical to have a steam bottoming cycle to increase the efficiency of electricity...... production, due to low gas turbine outlet temperature, space and weight restrictions and the need for make-up water. A more promising option for use offshore is organic Rankine cycles (ORC). Moreover, several oil and gas platforms are equipped with waste heat recovery units to recover a part of the thermal...

  3. Simulating offshore sandwaves

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nemeth, A.A.; Hulscher, S.J.M.H.; Damme, van R.M.J.

    2006-01-01

    Sand waves form a prominent regular pattern in the offshore seabeds of sandy shallow seas and pose a threat to a range of offshore activities. A two-dimensional vertical (2DV) flow and morphological simulation model describing the behaviour of these sand waves has been developed. The simulation mode

  4. Offshoring research directions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Velthuijsen, Hugo

    2012-01-01

    Outsourcing and offshoring provide companies with ways to achieve their business objectives better or more cost effectively or despite a shortage of specific resources. From a research point of view, outsourcing and offshoring have mostly been studied as something that large companies do, not small

  5. Offshore risk assessment

    CERN Document Server

    Vinnem, Jan-Erik

    2014-01-01

      Offshore Risk Assessment was the first book to deal with quantified risk assessment (QRA) as applied specifically to offshore installations and operations. Risk assessment techniques have been used for more than three decades in the offshore oil and gas industry, and their use is set to expand increasingly as the industry moves into new areas and faces new challenges in older regions.   This updated and expanded third edition has been informed by a major R&D program on offshore risk assessment in Norway and summarizes research from 2006 to the present day. Rooted with a thorough discussion of risk metrics and risk analysis methodology,  subsequent chapters are devoted to analytical approaches to escalation, escape, evacuation and rescue analysis of safety and emergency systems.   Separate chapters analyze the main hazards of offshore structures: fire, explosion, collision, and falling objects as well as structural and marine hazards. Risk mitigation and control are discussed, as well as an illustrat...

  6. China's urgent need for localization of offshore engineering ships and structures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Jun

    2004-01-01

    @@ Since 1970 and particularly in the last three years, China′s offshore oil industry has been developing by leaps and bounds. Offshore oil output has increased from 86900 tons in 1971to the present 30 million tons of oil equivalent while survey and exploration equipment started from scratch over thirty years ago.China has designed and constructed by its own efforts 12 mobile drilling platforms (24including the 12 imported platforms), 65 fixed(jacket) platforms, 11 FPSO ships, over 2000kilometers of undersea pipelines, 3 shallow water (less than 5 meters) bottom-supported drilling platforms and over 10 production platforms. These outstanding achievements are very encouraging. However, in order to catch up with the world advanced offshore technology, attention should also be directed to our weak points while hailing our achievements because such an attitude will help develop further our offshore oil industry.

  7. Strategic Trajectories in the Offshoring and Offshore Outsourcing Process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Slepniov, Dmitrij; Sørensen, Brian Vejrum

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we examine the offshoring and offshore outsourcing process and the strategic trajectories underlying it, including both the internal venturing and the external outsourcing process. We define and present various perspectives on the offshoring and offshore outsourcing process. We...

  8. Environmental issues of offshore wind farms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    evaluation of data; 4. Procedures ElA (Environmental Impact Assessment) and other assessments. The meeting agreed to propose the COD project to handle these questions. After the meeting it was decided to develop a preliminary questionnaire (form) which can be used by the COD-project. No less than five presentations were given on the interaction between birds and wind energy. Tracking bird movement is a time consuming task. Methods incorporate surveying by aeroplane, radar, thermography and visual observations from platforms. The effect on the birds was summarised as: physical change of the habitat (i.e. resting areas); disturbance/avoidance effect (effects on foraging of sea birds); collision risk. In the ElA studies of Rodsand/Nysted and Horns Rev the behaviour of harbour porpoise and seal was also investigated. By tracking the migration movements of seal, their main routes could be studied. Grey seals travels larger distances, one went to Sweden while the Harbour seals stayed in the local area. In a project (MINOS) Harbour porpoise distribution in the North Sea and Baltic Sea (EEZ) will be studied. Detailed studies will be carried out locally like behaviour, habituation, curiosity and avoidance. A presentation was given on the expected changes of sediment structure by turbine foundations. The effects of wind farms can be: changes in the hydrodynamic system; changes of the sediment characteristics; changes of the benthos composition (increase of epibenthos); changes of the fish fauna with possible implication to fisheries. It was discussed, what relevance the changes in sedimentation will have in decision making processes. Changes leading to an increase of species (diversity), are judged differently. Due to the European Directive on EIA, which had to be transformed into national law of every European country, the building offshore requires an EIA study as a part of the licensing process. The levels of investigation and applied methods of assessments are apparently different

  9. 石油平台水下部分阴/阳极监测系统%Monitoring System for Cathode and Anode of Under-water Structures of One Offshore Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王在峰

    2016-01-01

    Objective]The study aimed to evaluate the effect of cathodic protection system and carry out long-term monitoring for cathodic protection system of an oil platform.[Methods]The monitoring probes of potential and current were selected through laboratory experiments and were installed in this platform.Long-term monitoring experiments were carried out to obtain the data of potential and current.[Results]The values of potential on 1 0 monitoring points for cathodes were between -1 031 mV and -1 009 mV.The values of potential on 6 monitoring points for anodes were in the range of working potential of anodes.The values of current of anodes were between 1.30 A and 1.55 A.[Conclusion]The probes were not dam-aged during piling and obtained accurate data.The protective potential of 1 0 monitoring points for the cathodes could reach the requirements and the 6 anodes of monitoring worked very well.%【目的】对石油平台水下部分的阴极保护状况进行长期监测评价,以保证平台安全。【方法】通过实验室实验筛选电位及电流探头,然后在现场布设阴/阳极电位监测探头、阳极电流监测探头,并开展长期监测实验。【结果】10个阴极监测点的电位数据均为-1031~1009 mV,6个阳极监测点的电位数据在阳极的正常工作电位范围内,阳极的发生电流为1.30~1.55 A。【结论】打桩中探头未出现损坏情况,均获取了准确的数据,10个阴极监测点的电位达到保护要求,6个受监测阳极工作正常。

  10. China Offshore Oil Logging Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Duan Kang

    1996-01-01

    @@ China offshore oil logging business entered a faster developing stage sin-ce 1982 with the beginning of international cooperation in its offshore oil exploration. Nearly 90% of the logging expertises of China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC)are in China Offshore Oil Logging Company (COOLC), headquartered in Yanjiao, Hebei Province.

  11. 基于声发射信号模糊函数综合相关系数的海洋平台各类损伤识别方法%Damage Identification Method of Offshore Platforms by Ambiguity Function Integrated Correlation Coefficient of the Acoustic Emission Signals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李潇; 杨国安; 吴贞焕; 张杨; 马斓擎

    2014-01-01

    As the critical working environment and the diversity of the background noises, traditional non-destructive testing (NDT) methods don’t work well for the monitoring of offshore platforms. A damage identification method for offshore platforms with an ambiguity function integrated correlation coefficient of the acoustic emission(AE) signals is proposed. Some tests are taken to get the AE signals that are produced by the cracks, corrosion, impact and friction what may happen on offshore platforms frequently, then the templates of the ambiguity function images are built, and an expression to calculate the correlation coefficient of these images is created. Analyzing the testing samples with the templates, the faults are identified correctly, and the validity of this method is proved. Providing the reliable theoretical basis and method to build the identification system based on the correlation coefficient of the ambiguity function images template library of AE signals. Meanwhile, the cross-component is restrained effectively in ambiguity function domain, and improving the treatment efficiency of offshore platforms for real-time monitoring and big data analysis.%海洋平台工作环境恶劣且背景噪声多样,传统的无损检测方法对海洋平台结构监测效果并不理想。针对海洋平台损伤识别现状,提出一种基于声发射信号模糊函数综合相关系数的海洋平台损伤识别方法。通过试验测取海洋平台服役过程中可能会出现的裂纹、腐蚀、撞击和摩擦四类故障或海况所产生的声发射信号,建立起声发射源信号模糊函数图像模板,构造出基于模糊函数图像的归一化相关系数表达式。将测试样本与模糊函数图像模板进行相关分析,准确有效地识别出各类损伤,验证了该方法的有效性,为建立基于声发射源信号模糊函数图像模板库的相关系数自动识别系统提供可靠的理论依据和方法。同时,该方

  12. Whether and What to Offshore?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Peter Ørberg; Pedersen, Torben

    with offshoring, and this type of offshoring comes with an entirely different set of characteristics compared to traditional, cost-seeking offshoring. Based on a unique survey among the total population of firms in the eastern region of Denmark, we analyze some of the dynamics of this process through a model...... process of offshoring, as we analyze the determinants of the offshoring of advanced, highend technical, and service activities. The findings are consistent with the notion of offshoring as a dynamic process as they show how some (cost-related) determinants play a role when firms first engage in offshoring...

  13. Dynamic Modeling and Simulation of Jacking System in Jack-up Offshore Platform Based on Virtual Prototyping%基于数字样机技术的自升式海洋平台升降系统动力学建模及仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈刚; 何斌

    2012-01-01

    在分析了自升式海洋平台升降系统结构与原理的基础上,利用三维建模软件对升降系统进行三维建模和虚拟装配,然后将其导入动力学分析软件形成数字样机.通过引入齿轮与齿条接触力对整套升降系统力学性能的影响分析,并参照实际的几何参数、物理特性、约束等信息完成动力学分析,最后以曲线图反映升降系统在给定条件下的动力学特性.结果表明考虑齿轮与齿条接触力使得仿真结果更加准确,验证了海洋平台升降系统设计的合理性.%Based on the analysis of the structure and principle of the jacking system in jack-up offshore platform, the 3D modeling and virtual prototyping of the system are done by 3D modeling software, which are then imported into the dynamic analysis software to form the numeral prototype. With reference to the actual geometric parameters, physical characteristics, constraints and other information, on the research of the gear and rack contact force on the mechanical properties of the full set of lifting system, the dynamics analysis is present with the simulation results, which demonstrates that the method is obviously helpful to get more accurate simulation results considering gear and rack contact force and verify the rationality of jacking system in jack-up offshore platform.

  14. Current meter components and other data from FIXED PLATFORMS in support of the Physical Oceanography Field Program Offshore North Carolina from 22 February 1992 to 18 February 1993 (NODC Accession 9300089)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Current meter components data were collected from FIXED PLATFORMS from 22 February 1992 to 18 February 1993. Data were collected by the Science Applications, Inc....

  15. Offshore Wind Power

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Negra, Nicola Barberis

    The aim of the project is to investigate the influence of wind farms on the reliability of power systems. This task is particularly important for large offshore wind farms, because failure of a large wind farm might have significant influence on the balance of the power system, and because offshore...... wind farms are normally more difficult to access than onshore installations. Reliability and generation of a wind farm depends on wind speed conditions, the wind turbines themselves, the system layout and the grid connection; besides, the offshore environment poses new challenges to face...... for the installers, such as the dimension of the wind farm and the difficulty of reaching failed components in case of harsh weather. Each component that affects the assessment must be included and proper models for them are investigated in this thesis. The project provides a survey of available offshore wind farm...

  16. Import, Offshoring and Wages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fosse, Henrik Barslund; Maitra, Madhura

    exports - as positive exogenous shocks to the incentive to offshore to China. Both skill composition and rent sharing effects are found to be important in explaining the resultant gain in wages. We also show that the firm’s timing in the offshoring process determines the relative importance of a channel...... of skill composition and rent sharing available in typical firm level datasets - like ratio of educated to uneducated workers and sales per employee.......Offshoring firms are found to pay higher average wages than purely domestic firms. We provide a unifying empirical approach by capturing the different channels through which offshoring may explain this wage difference: (i) due to change in the composition of workers (skill composition effect) (ii...

  17. Offshore Supply Industry Dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roslyng Olesen, Thomas

    with companies in the maritime sector. This report “Offshore Supply Industry Dynamics – Business strategies in the offshore supply industry” is the second report in mapping project D. It examines the markets and business strategies of various suppliers and furthermore presents an analysis of the challenges...... at Copenhagen Business School with a focus on value creation in the maritime industries. The project embraces various maritime segments from shipping and offshore to ports and suppliers. The research questions for the individual projects have been formulated by researchers at CBS Maritime in cooperation...... and opportunities for the companies engaged in the different parts of the sector. The report is developed from interviews with top management of key players in the Danish supply industry combined with studies on management literature. The macro- and meso levels of the offshore sector are examined in the CBS...

  18. Organizational Adaptation in Offshoring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geisler Asmussen, Christian; Møller Larsen, Marcus; Pedersen, Torben

    2016-01-01

    Offshoring offers managers the promise of substantial economic benefits, but also comes with the risk of increased complexity and coordination challenges. We argue that offshoring firms must accumulate architectural knowledge to keep the cost of coordination of the geographically separated...... activities at bay. Based on a simulation model that examines the performance implications of firms’ learning strategies when offshoring, we show that such knowledge accumulation can be achieved through either a home-based or a host-based learning strategy. Our analysis suggests that the relative performance...... of these two strategies depends on nontrivial interactions among the costs of communication, the distance to the offshoring location, and the level of noise in the firm’s performance function. In particular, the difficulties of interpreting performance signals in noisy situations suggest...

  19. Offshoring R&D

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Zaza Nadja Lee; Rasmussen, Lauge Baungaard

    2010-01-01

    Companies are increasingly offshoring R&D activities. Many firms, however, experience difficulties related to virtual teamwork across cultures and time zones. The research question is: How does increasing R&D offshoring impact transparency of communication structures and knowledge sharing? Using...... case studies from Danish multinational corporations with R&D activities in China, India or Eastern Europe this paper analyses the impact observed in these companies in regard to communication structures and knowledge sharing in management of offshored R&D activities. The findings show that companies...... to the complexity of the R&D activity. This paper shows that management of offshored R&D activities touches upon many key management dilemmas like trust, control and knowledge sharing....

  20. Offshore Supply Industry Dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roslyng Olesen, Thomas

    at Copenhagen Business School with a focus on value creation in the maritime industries. The project embraces various maritime segments from shipping and offshore to ports and suppliers. The research questions for the individual projects have been formulated by researchers at CBS Maritime in cooperation...... with companies in the maritime sector. This report “Offshore Supply Industry Dynamics – Business strategies in the offshore supply industry” is the second report in mapping project D. It examines the markets and business strategies of various suppliers and furthermore presents an analysis of the challenges...... and opportunities for the companies engaged in the different parts of the sector. The report is developed from interviews with top management of key players in the Danish supply industry combined with studies on management literature. The macro- and meso levels of the offshore sector are examined in the CBS...

  1. Offshore Q & A

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    AmberStohr

    2003-01-01

    Equity International, Asia, is a leading financial service provider in China, offering planning expertise for expatriates on investing their income and savings. I recently sat down with four senior wealth managers in Shanghai to discuss Equity's approach to offshore investing.

  2. Import, Offshoring and Wages

    OpenAIRE

    Fosse, Henrik Barslund; Maitra, Madhura

    2012-01-01

    Offshoring firms are found to pay higher average wages than purely domestic firms. We provide a unifying empirical approach by capturing the different channels through which offshoring may explain this wage difference: (i) due to change in the composition of workers (skill composition effect) (ii) because all existing workers get higher pay (rent sharing effect). Using Danish worker-firm data we explain how much each channel contributes to higher wages. To estimate the causal effect of offsho...

  3. Model Predictive Control of Offshore Power Stations With Waste Heat Recovery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pierobon, Leonardo; Chan, Richard; Li, Xiangan;

    2016-01-01

    The implementation of waste heat recovery units on oil and gas offshore platforms demands advances in both design methods and control systems. Model-based control algorithms can play an important role in the operation of offshore power stations. A novel regulator based on a linear model predictive...

  4. Offshore Wind Energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strach-Sonsalla, Mareike; Stammler, Matthias; Wenske, Jan; Jonkman, Jason; Vorpahl, Fabian

    2016-07-27

    In 1991, the Vindeby Offshore Wind Farm, the first offshore wind farm in the world, started feeding electricity to the grid off the coast of Lolland, Denmark. Since then, offshore wind energy has developed from this early experiment to a multibillion dollar market and an important pillar of worldwide renewable energy production. Unit sizes grew from 450 kW at Vindeby to the 7.5 MW-class offshore wind turbines (OWT ) that are currently (by October 2014) in the prototyping phase. This chapter gives an overview of the state of the art in offshore wind turbine (OWT) technology and introduces the principles of modeling and simulating an OWT. The OWT components -- including the rotor, nacelle, support structure, control system, and power electronics -- are introduced, and current technological challenges are presented. The OWT system dynamics and the environment (wind and ocean waves) are described from the perspective of OWT modelers and designers. Finally, an outlook on future technology is provided. The descriptions in this chapter are focused on a single OWT -- more precisely, a horizontal-axis wind turbine -- as a dynamic system. Offshore wind farms and wind farm effects are not described in detail in this chapter, but an introduction and further references are given.

  5. The EU Offshore Safety Directive and its potential effects. Opportunity or handicap?; Die EU Offshore Safety Directive und ihre moeglichen Auswirkungen. Chance oder Handicap?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schwiederowski, Claudia [RWE Dea AG, Hamburg (Germany)

    2014-07-01

    The purpose of the EU Offshore Safety Directive, which took effect on 18 July 2013, is to define minimum requirements for the prevention of severe accidents in connection with offshore crude oil or natural gas activities of any kind and the containment of the follow-on effects of such accidents. This is without question a logical consequence of the offshore incidents seen around the globe over the past decades. An interesting question in this context is for whom the EU Offshore Safety Directive has become an opportunity and for whom a handicap. [German] Ziel der am 18. Juli 2013 in Kraft getretenen EU Offshore Safety Direktive ist die Festlegung von Mindestanforderungen fuer die Verhinderung schwerer Unfaelle bei Offshore-Erdoel- bzw. - Erdgasaktivitaeten und die Begrenzung etwaiger Unfallfolgen. Nach den weltweiten Offshore- Ereignissen der vergangenen Jahrzehnte ist dies ohne Zweifel eine logische Entwicklung. Nun stellt sich die Frage: Fuer wen entwickelt sich die EU Offshore Safety Directive zur Chance, fuer wen zum Handicap?.

  6. Offshore production flares: a PETROBRAS review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pagot, Paulo R.; Burmann, Clovis P.; Araujo, Paulo Bento de; Motomura, Tsukasa [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The purpose of the present work is to briefly present the offshore flare system technological evolution and the main design criteria for flare and its supporting structure. In order to perform the aimed task, this work was divided into two parts: the first part presents the technological evolution of the offshore production flares and the second one discusses the flare system designing criteria. The evolution of the technology associated to the offshore production flares is organized by the authors just dividing the history in four chronological phases. Each phase is defined by the predominant use of the, by the time, most up-to-date technological alternative and it will be described with the help of sketches, drawings, photographs, data and information about the platforms where such technologies were applied. The second part of the present work discusses the dimensional criteria, interesting aspects and flaws of the offshore flare systems in two different fields, which are: definition of the flare system capacity; and flow and thermal design of the flare system. (author)

  7. Challenges in Simulation of Aerodynamics, Hydrodynamics, and Mooring-Line Dynamics of Floating Offshore Wind Turbines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matha, D.; Schlipf, M.; Cordle, A.; Pereira, R.; Jonkman, J.

    2011-10-01

    This paper presents the current major modeling challenges for floating offshore wind turbine design tools and describes aerodynamic and hydrodynamic effects due to rotor and platform motions and usage of non-slender support structures.

  8. Loads Analysis of a Floating Offshore Wind Turbine Using Fully Coupled Simulation: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jonkman, J. M.; Buhl, M. L., Jr.

    2007-06-01

    This paper presents the use of fully coupled aero-hydro-servo-elastic simulation tools to perform a loads analysis of a 5-MW offshore wind turbine supported by a barge with moorings, one of many promising floating platform concepts.

  9. Safety aspects of offshore composites using; Aspectos de seguranca do uso de compositos offshore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cid, Jose [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)]. E-mail josecid@petrobras.com.br

    2003-07-01

    After the introduction of composite materials, offshore platform safety aspects is still a major concern. The use of Risk Analysis tools, together with elevated temperature material performance data, to help address the issues of personal safety during a fire accident, is proposed in this work. The typical test result for fiberglass reinforced polyester resin subjected to elevated ambient temperature is shown. In conclusion, a five-step, performance driven, design methodology is suggested. (author)

  10. Getting offshoring right.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aron, Ravi; Singh, Jitendra V

    2005-12-01

    The prospect of offshoring and outsourcing business processes has captured the imagination of CEOs everywhere. In the past five years, a rising number of companies in North America and Europe have experimented with this strategy, hoping to reduce costs and gain strategic advantage. But many businesses have had mixed results. According to several studies, half the organizations that have shifted processes offshore have failed to generate the expected financial benefits. What's more, many of them have faced employee resistance and consumer dissatisfaction. Clearly, companies have to rethink how they formulate their offshoring strategies. A three-part methodology can help. First, companies need to prioritize their processes, ranking each based on two criteria: the value it creates for customers and the degree to which the company can capture some of that value. Companies will want to keep their core (highest-priority) processes in-house and consider outsourcing their commodity (low-priority) processes; critical (moderate-priority) processes are up for debate and must be considered carefully. Second, businesses should analyze all the risks that accompany offshoring and look systematically at their critical and commodity processes in terms of operational risk (the risk that processes won't operate smoothly after being offshored) and structural risk (the risk that relationships with service providers may not work as expected). Finally, companies should determine possible locations for their offshore efforts, as well as the organizational forms--such as captive centers and joint ventures--that those efforts might take. They can do so by examining each process's operational and structural risks side by side. This article outlines the tools that will help companies choose the right processes to offshore. It also describes a new organizational structure called the extended organization, in which companies specify the quality of services they want and work alongside providers

  11. Active Control Strategy for Offshore Structures Accounting for AMD Constraints

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Chunyan(嵇春艳); Li Huajun; Meng Qingmin

    2004-01-01

    Most of active mass damper systems are designed or installed for the onshore structural response reduction to quite small earthquake or strong wind excitation. When they are applied to offshore structures, they will stop their operations during severe sea state (including strong wind, wave and fluid). For controlling the excessive vibration of offshore structure excited by wave loading, this paper presents a methodology keeping AMD operations even in severe sea state. And the controller was designed by LQG control algorithm accounting for the limits of AMD stroke and control input force. In order to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method, a numerical example applied to an offshore platform is presented in this paper. The numerical results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm is effective in reducing the vibration of offshore structure by choosing appropriate feedback gain among several gain candidates based on the AMD limits.

  12. Modern earthquake engineering offshore and land-based structures

    CERN Document Server

    Jia, Junbo

    2017-01-01

    This book addresses applications of earthquake engineering for both offshore and land-based structures. It is self-contained as a reference work and covers a wide range of topics, including topics related to engineering seismology, geotechnical earthquake engineering, structural engineering, as well as special contents dedicated to design philosophy, determination of ground motions, shock waves, tsunamis, earthquake damage, seismic response of offshore and arctic structures, spatial varied ground motions, simplified and advanced seismic analysis methods, sudden subsidence of offshore platforms, tank liquid impacts during earthquakes, seismic resistance of non-structural elements, and various types of mitigation measures, etc. The target readership includes professionals in offshore and civil engineering, officials and regulators, as well as researchers and students in this field.

  13. 75 FR 29569 - Certificate of Alternative Compliance for the Offshore Supply Vessel JANSON R. GRAHAM

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-26

    ... of Alternative Compliance for the Offshore Supply Vessel JANSON R. GRAHAM AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS... issued for the offshore supply vessel JANSON R. GRAHAM as required by 33 U.S.C. 1605(c) and 33 CFR 81.18... Regulation, Parts 81 and 89, has been issued for the offshore supply vessel JANSON R. GRAHAM, O.N....

  14. 75 FR 17755 - Certificate of Alternative Compliance for the Offshore Supply Vessel C-ATLAS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-07

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Certificate of Alternative Compliance for the Offshore Supply Vessel C-ATLAS AGENCY... Compliance was issued for the offshore supply vessel C-ATLAS as required by 33 U.S.C. 1605(c) and 33 CFR 81... Regulations, Parts 81 and 89, has been issued for the offshore supply vessel C-ATLAS. Full compliance with...

  15. 75 FR 32802 - Certificate of Alternative Compliance for the Offshore Supply Vessel ROSS CANDIES

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-09

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Certificate of Alternative Compliance for the Offshore Supply Vessel ROSS CANDIES... Alternative Compliance was issued for the offshore supply vessel ROSS CANDIES as required by 33 U.S.C. 1605(c... Title 33, Code of Federal Regulation, part 81, has been issued for the offshore supply vessel...

  16. Energy Usage of Residents on Offshore Islands in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szu-Cheng Lu

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A field study was conducted through interviews on offshore islands in Taiwan to investigate the energy usage of local residents. A comparison of household appliance usage in mainland Taiwan with that on the offshore islands revealed that, overall, the most commonly used household appliances are steam cookers/rice cookers, water dispensers, and washing machines. For other household appliances, Levels 2 and 3 offshore isles have lower use penetration rates compared with those in mainland Taiwan and on Level 1 offshore isles, particularly for the use of computers. By contrast, the use penetration rate for chest freezers on Levels 2 and 3 offshore isles is high, and each household has one or more freezers on average. This appliance is not a commonly observed household product in mainland Taiwan or on Level 1 offshore isles. Furthermore, because of the government policy, every household on parts of Level 2 offshore isles and on all Level 3 offshore isles has a fixed monthly charge of electricity. The transportation of liquefied petroleum gas is also inconvenient, and the gas price is slightly higher, leading to the tendency of residents to consume excessive amounts of electrical energy, which does not correspond with the aim of the government to conserve energy and reduce carbon emissions; thus, the relevant authorities’ review and improvement on energy consumption on Levels 2 and 3 offshore isles are required.

  17. Comparison of aliphatic hydrocarbons, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenylethers, and organochlorine pesticides in Pacific sanddab (Citharichthys sordidus) from offshore oil platforms and natural reefs along the California coast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gale, Robert W.; Tanner, Michael J.; Love, Milton S.; Nishimoto, Mary M.; Schroeder, Donna M.

    2013-01-01

    Recently, the relative exposure of Pacific sanddab (Citharichthys sordidus) to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) at oil-production platforms was reported, indicating negligible exposure to PAHs and no discernible differences between exposures at platforms and nearby natural areas sites. In this report, the potential for chronic PAH exposure in fish is reported, by measurement of recalcitrant, higher molecular weight PAHs in tissues of fish previously investigated for PAH metabolites in bile. A total of 34 PAHs (20 PAHs, 11 alkylated PAHs, and 3 polycyclic aromatic thiophenes) were targeted. In addition, legacy contaminants—polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs),—and current contaminants, polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs) linked to endocrine disruption, were measured by gas chromatography with electron-capture or mass spectrometric detection, to form a more complete picture of the contaminant-related status of fishes at oil production platforms in the Southern California Bight. No hydrocarbon profiles or unresolved complex hydrocarbon background were found in fish from platforms and from natural areas, and concentrations of aliphatics were low less than 100 nanograms per gram (ng/g) per component]. Total-PAH concentrations in fish ranged from 15 to 37 ng/g at natural areas and from 8.7 to 22 ng/g at platforms. Profiles of PAHs were similar at all natural and platform sites, consisting mainly of naphthalene and methylnaphthalenes, phenanthrene, fluoranthene, and pyrene. Total-PCB concentrations (excluding non-ortho-chloro-substituted congeners) in fish were low, ranging from 7 to 22 ng/g at natural areas and from 10 to 35 ng/g at platforms. About 50 percent of the total-PCBs at all sites consisted of 11 congeners: 153 > 138/163/164 > 110 > 118 > 15 > 99 > 187 > 149 > 180. Most OCPs, except dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT)-related compounds, were not detectable or were at concentrations of less than 1 ng/g in fish. p

  18. Technologies for waste heat recovery in off-shore applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pierobon, Leonardo; Haglind, Fredrik; Kandepu, Rambabu;

    2013-01-01

    In off-shore oil and gas platforms the selection of the gas turbine to support the electrical and mechanical demand on site is often a compromise between reliability, efficiency, compactness, low weight and fuel flexibility. Therefore, recovering the waste heat in off-shore platforms presents both...... technological and economic challenges that need to be overcome. However, onshore established technologies such as the steam Rankine cycle, the air bottoming cycle and the organic Rankine cycle can be tailored to recover the exhaust heat off-shore. In the present paper, benefits and challenges of these three...... pressure level steam Rankine cycle employing the once-through heat recovery steam generator without bypass stack. We compare the three technologies considering the combined cycle thermal efficiency, the weight, the net present value, the profitability index and payback time. Both incomes related to CO2...

  19. Performance indicators for evaluation of North Sea oil and gas platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Voldsund, Mari; Nguyen, Tuong-Van; Elmegaard, Brian

    2013-01-01

    Well-defined performance indicators can motivate optimal operation of offshore oil and gas platforms. This paper aims to develop such parameters, indicating possibilities for reducing power consumption and emissions of pollutants. Different platforms have different oilfield conditions and process...

  20. The Offshoring Phenomenon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mery Patricia Tamayo Plata

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper explains some definitions which are necessary in order to understand the offshoring concept, going through the most relevant works about the development of the offshoring phenomenon and its impact on the demand for labor and on the most skilled workers' income. It is evidenced that the offshoring processes not only deal with the purchase and sale of goods anymore, but that the service sector has an increasingly important role, and that the lower cost is not the only aspect that matters when offshoring, but aspects such as the language and culture are also considered. It is also found that technology and research related services flow not only from the parent companies towards its subsidiaries, but from firms in less developed countries to other companies in advanced countries. It concludes with a review of the works that explores the relationship between offshoring, employment and wages, from both, a macro and microeconomic outlook. In the latter case, special consideration is given to the work carried out by Amity and Wei (2006, Crinó (2010, and Geishecker and Görg (2013.

  1. Reliability Analysis of Tubular Joints in Offshore Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thoft-Christensen, Palle; Sørensen, John Dalsgaard

    1987-01-01

    Reliability analysis of single tubular joints and offshore platforms with tubular joints is" presented. The failure modes considered are yielding, punching, buckling and fatigue failure. Element reliability as well as systems reliability approaches are used and illustrated by several examples....... Finally, optimal design of tubular.joints with reliability constraints is discussed and illustrated by an example....

  2. Active Vibration Control of a Monopile Offshore Structure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Søren R. K.; Kirkegaard, Poul Henning

    In the Danish part of the North Sea it has been found that marginal fields can be exploited using monopile offshore platforms which present significant advantages with respect to the costs involved in fabrication and installation and can therefore tip the economic balance favourably. Monopile pla...

  3. Offshore Supply Industry Dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roslyng Olesen, Thomas

    The value chains for offshore oil and gas and offshore wind are both basically driven by the demand for energy. This is heavily dependent on a number of factors including the price of various energy sources and the policy making of the states which influence legislation, indirect subsidies...... and direct investments. At the center of both value chains are the energy companies. The energy companies have a number of suppliers and sub suppliers which provide a range of equipment and services to the offshore operations. The supply industry is characterized by horizontal cooperation (between suppliers...... of services including includes legal advice, financing, insurance etc. The two value chains have a number of activities in common. Both include (1) a tender and concession phase where the energy company obtains the right to explore and produce energy from the authorities. (2) An exploration phase where...

  4. On outsourcing and offshoring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Zaza Nadja Lee

    This study investigates the challenges engineering companies face when globalising the product development process through offshoring and outsourcing. Furthermore, to investigate the solutions the companies took to address these and the impact these had on the organisation, the engineering...... models like the stage gate model and outsourcing/offshoring literature concerning how to conduct the globalisation process had not been followed, in particular in the early phases as these called for extensive preparation. iii Knowledge management showed a lack of knowledge sharing initiatives within...... of engineering projects when engineering companies offshore or outsource product development process activities.  Analysing these challenges and impacts using different theoretical tools from organisational studies and operations research.  Demonstrating the disconnection between operational and strategic...

  5. Offshoring practices of Danish and Swedish SMEs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wæhrens, Brian Vejrum; Slepniov, Dmitrij; Johansen, John

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines how small and medium enterprises (SMEs) configure their operations on the global scale and how this affects their home bases in terms of operations requirements and priorities. In order to relate SMEs’ offshoring initiatives with their operations configuration attributes, we...... draw on the operations networks literature and survey responses from 675 Danish and 410 Swedish companies. On the basis of the survey results, we find that although the SMEs are less experienced and less advanced in their offshoring ventures than large companies, they are building dispersed operations...

  6. Energy from Offshore Wind: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Musial, W.; Butterfield, S.; Ram, B.

    2006-02-01

    This paper provides an overview of the nascent offshore wind energy industry including a status of the commercial offshore industry and the technologies that will be needed for full market development.

  7. Scour around Offshore Windturbine Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Brian Juul; De Vos, Leen; Frigaard, Peter

    For the present report a testprogramme has been performed to determine the scour around offshore windturbine foundations.......For the present report a testprogramme has been performed to determine the scour around offshore windturbine foundations....

  8. Performance indicators for evaluation of North Sea oil and gas platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Voldsund, Mari; Nguyen, Tuong-Van; Elmegaard, Brian

    2013-01-01

    specifications. Such conditions determine the theoretical minimum work required to operate the platforms, and can have a high impact on the power consumption. We introduce performance indicators based on energy and exergy. The specific energy use and specific exergy consumption evaluate the resources spent...... energy use and exergy consumption did not necessarily have the highest best-available-technology or exergetic efficiencies. This illustrates the importance of considering different types of indicators when evaluating the performance of oil and gas platforms.......Well-defined performance indicators can motivate optimal operation of offshore oil and gas platforms. This paper aims to develop such parameters, indicating possibilities for reducing power consumption and emissions of pollutants. Different platforms have different oilfield conditions and process...

  9. Floating Offshore Wind in Hawaii: Potential for Jobs and Economic Impacts from Three Future Scenarios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jimenez, Tony; Keyser, David; Tegen, Suzanne

    2016-04-18

    Construction of the first offshore wind power plant in the United States began in 2015, off the coast of Rhode Island, using fixed platform structures that are appropriate for shallow seafloors, like those located off the East Coast and mid-Atlantic. However, floating platforms, which have yet to be deployed commercially, will likely need to be anchored to the deeper seafloor if deployed in Hawaiian waters. To analyze the employment and economic potential for floating offshore wind off Hawaii's coasts, the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management commissioned the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to analyze two hypothetical deployment scenarios for Hawaii: 400 MW of offshore wind by 2050 and 800 MW of offshore wind by 2050. The results of this analysis can be used to better understand the general scale of economic opportunities that could result from offshore wind development.

  10. Offshoring and financial markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianfranco Battisti

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the nature and extent of the offshore world, a grey area that is playing a major role in present-day economy. The main institutions moulding this peculiar environment are discussed: preferential tax regimes, tax havens and offshore financial centers. Their role in the globalised world is outlined after a scrutiny of the specialized literature, reports by non-governmental bodies and companies’ advertisings. Finally, we present a tentative reconstruction of its geographical organization, inclusive of cartographic representations of the main international networks.

  11. Stress state reassessment of Romanian offshore structures taking into account corrosion influence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joavină, R.; Zăgan, S.; Zăgan, R.; Popa, M.

    2017-08-01

    Progressive degradation analysis for extraction or exploration offshore structure, with appraisal of failure potential and the causes that can be correlated with the service age, depends on the various sources of uncertainty that require particular attention in design, construction and exploitation phases. Romanian self erecting platforms are spatial lattice structures consist of tubular steel joints, forming a continuous system with an infinite number of dynamic degrees of freedom. Reassessment of a structure at fixed intervals of time, recorrelation of initial design elements with the actual situation encountered in location and with structural behaviour represents a major asset in lowering vulnerabilities of offshore structure. This paper proposes a comparative reassessment of the stress state for an offshore structure Gloria type, when leaving the shipyard and at the end of that interval corresponding to capital revision, taking into account sectional changes due to marine environment corrosion. The calculation was done using Newmark integration method on a 3D model, asses of the dynamic loads was made through probabilistic spectral method.

  12. Gis-Based Wind Farm Site Selection Model Offshore Abu Dhabi Emirate, Uae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saleous, N.; Issa, S.; Mazrouei, J. Al

    2016-06-01

    The United Arab Emirates (UAE) government has declared the increased use of alternative energy a strategic goal and has invested in identifying and developing various sources of such energy. This study aimed at assessing the viability of establishing wind farms offshore the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, UAE and to identify favourable sites for such farms using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) procedures and algorithms. Based on previous studies and on local requirements, a set of suitability criteria was developed including ocean currents, reserved areas, seabed topography, and wind speed. GIS layers were created and a weighted overlay GIS model based on the above mentioned criteria was built to identify suitable sites for hosting a new offshore wind energy farm. Results showed that most of Abu Dhabi offshore areas were unsuitable, largely due to the presence of restricted zones (marine protected areas, oil extraction platforms and oil pipelines in particular). However, some suitable sites could be identified, especially around Delma Island and North of Jabal Barakah in the Western Region. The environmental impact of potential wind farm locations and associated cables on the marine ecology was examined to ensure minimal disturbance to marine life. Further research is needed to specify wind mills characteristics that suit the study area especially with the presence of heavy traffic due to many oil production and shipping activities in the Arabian Gulf most of the year.

  13. Caracterização de tubo e adesivo utilizados em tubulações de plástico reforçado com fibras de vidro aplicados em plataformas marítimas Characterization of pipes and adhesives of glassfiber reinforced plastics used in offshore platforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maikon C. R. Pessanha

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Na indústria de exploração e produção de petróleo, principalmente no setor offshore, os plásticos reforçados por fibras de vidro (PRFV têm apresentado grande destaque. Isso se deve à intrínseca capacidade destes de resistir à corrosão em ambientes salinos, bem como serem materiais que apresentam elevada resistência mecânica específica. O presente trabalho buscou caracterizar tubo e adesivo utilizados em plataformas marítimas. Para tanto, as técnicas utilizadas foram: espectroscopia na região do infravermelho com transformada de Fourier (FTIR, análise termogravimétrica (TGA, análise termodinâmico-mecânica (DMTA e temperatura de amolecimento de Vicat. Amostras do tubo de PRFV e dos componentes do adesivo (denominados de A e B foram estudadas individualmente. Além disso, foram confeccionadas misturas, em massa, nas seguintes proporções: 40%A-60%B, 50%A-50%B e 60%A-40%B. Foi possível determinar a composição e a estrutura química dos materiais, além do comportamento mecânico à degradação térmica. Foi verificado que adesivo e tubo apresentaram desempenho satisfatório à temperatura ambiente quanto à degradação e à rigidez. Por outro lado, quando submetido ao calor, principalmente os adesivos, apresentaram queda brusca de desempenho.Glassfiber reinforced plastics (GFRP have been applied in the offshore industry owing to their high resistance to corrosion and high specific mechanical strength. The present work aimed at characterizing pipes and adhesives used in offshore platforms in order to evaluate the thermo-mechanical performance of these materials. The techniques used were: Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR, thermogravimetry analysis (TGA, dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA and Vicat softening temperature. Specimens of GFRP pipe and adhesive components (referred to as A and B were evaluated individually. The adhesive samples were made in the following ratios (% weight: 40%A-60%B, 50%A-50

  14. 海洋平台用D36钢焊接构件振动时效后的组织与性能%Microstructures and properties for D36 steel offshore platform welded structure after vibration stess relief treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐玉强; 李书齐; 马洪伟; 耿建成

    2013-01-01

    海洋平台的焊接结构具有尺寸大、质量大、材料强度高的特点,其残余应力消除是一项十分重要但也十分困难的工作.振动时效技术可以用于海洋平台焊接结构的残余应力消除,但目前关于振动时效对海洋平台焊接结构、焊缝内部组织和疲劳性能等方面影响的研究还很少.本文选取了D36低合金高强钢的焊接构件作为研究对象,对比研究了在振动时效前后焊接构件的内应力、疲劳性能和微观组织的变化.试验结果表明,振动时效可以显著降低焊接构件的内部残余应力,同时并不会降低其疲劳性能,甚至能提高构件疲劳性能的稳定性.焊接构件的金相组织在振动前后不会发生变化,但在透射电镜下观察可以发现,构件内部的位错增多.这些研究成果为振动时效技术在海洋平台焊接结构的应用提供了新的理论基础.%The welded structure of offshore platform is featured of large-sized, heavy and high strength steels. The relief of welding residue stress contained in the structure is particular important but to certain extent very difficult. The vibration stress relief technique can be used for relieving the residue stress of offshore platform welded structure. However, the studies on the effects to the micro-structures and fatigue properties induced by VSR are seldom seen on the articles at this moment. In the paper it is taken that D36 grade low alloy high strength steel as example, has beenstudied and compared the contained residue stresses, the fatigue properties and the change of micro-structures before and after VSR treatment. The experiments show that the VSR treatment can significantly reduce the residue stress, at the same time do not negatively affect the fatigue property and even enhance the stability of the anti-fatigue property of the structure. The micro-structure will keep as the same but under the TEM the micro dislocations become more. The research results

  15. Monitoring Technology of Installation of Offshore Platform Steel Catenary Riser%海洋平台钢悬链线立管安装监测技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽玮; 何宁; 王辉

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of complex natural environment,this paper researchs vessel motion,heave compensation of ship location and riser shape while laying and lifting. With the main ponit-ROV sonar monitoring system, study around touch down point of pipeline, steel catenary riser shapes and seabed topography were made. And then these paraments to guide analysis of riser installation process was used. Finally complete monitoring technologies for steel catenary riser installation was formed,to provide technical support for the development of offshore oil and innovation of monitoring technology for riser installation in China.%为在深海复杂工况下把平台立管安装到位,需对安装过程进行监测.综合考虑船舶位移、升沉补偿、立管吊装变形,以声纳和远程操作潜水器(ROV)监测系统为技术支撑,监测管线着陆区位置、悬链线形态、以及海底地形等参数,指导立管的安装过程.形成一套完善的钢悬链线立管安装监测技术,促进我国深海石油的发展.

  16. MMSReefish Study Databases from 1993-1999 field collections (SEC7-95-11 Fish Mortalities From Explosive Removal of Petroleum Platforms)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Impacts of the Explosive Removal of Offshore Oil and Gas Structureson Fish Stocks in the Gulf of MexicoOffshore oil and gas platforms in the Gulf of Mexico (GOM)...

  17. Study on the occupational stress and job satisfaction of oil workers on offshore drilling platforms%某海上石油钻井平台作业工人职业紧张反应与工作满意度调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱陶; 李健; 薄其波; 孙立臣; 兰亚佳

    2013-01-01

    目的 初步探讨海上石油钻井平台作业工人职业紧张反应和工作满意度现况.方法 应用职业紧张量表(OSI-R)的分量表——个体紧张反应问卷(PSQ)和工作满意度问卷进行紧张反应和工作满意度水平的评价.结果 (1)心理紧张反应得分研究组显著高于技术工人常模(P<0.01); (2)25岁~年龄段的紧张水平与< 25岁年龄段及≥35岁年龄段比较,得分有增高的趋势; (3)除躯体紧张反应外,有职业紧张反应组工作满意度评分均显著低于无职业紧张反应组(P<0.05); (4)总紧张反应及各子项与工作满意度间均呈负相关关系(P<0.01).结论 海上石油钻井平台作业工人的心理紧张反应突出,紧张反应越高,其工作满意度越低.%OBJECTIVE To investigate occupational stress and job satisfaction of oil workers on offshore drilling platforms.METHODS According to personal strain questionnaire (PSQ),a sub-scale in OSI-R and job satisfaction survey,the evaluation of the occupational stress and job satisfaction were carried out.RESULTS (1) The scores of psychological strain (PSY) in oil workers were obviously higher than those in norms of technical workers (P < 0.01) ; (2) The scores of occupational stress in 25-age group showed an increasing tendency among various age groups; (3) Except physical strain (PHS),the scores of job satisfaction in strain group were obviously lower than those in non-strain group (P < 0.05); (4)There was a negative correlation between strain and job satisfaction (P< 0.01).CONCLUSION Psychological strain (PSY) of oil workers on offshore drilling platforms is obvious; the higher scores of strain,the lower scores of job satisfaction.

  18. Offshore Wind Energy Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musgrove, P.

    1978-01-01

    Explores the possibility of installing offshore windmills to provide electricity and to save fuel for the United Kingdom. Favors their deployment in clusters to facilitate supervision and minimize cost. Discusses the power output and the cost involved and urges their quick development. (GA)

  19. Offshore environmental aspects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lindeboom, H.J.; Degraer, S.

    2016-01-01

    The number of offshore wind farms (OWFs) is increasing rapidly, leading to questions about the cumulative environmental impact of such farms. The major impacts are caused by the noise produced in the building phase, the new hard substratum, the moving rotor blades, possible underwater noise in th

  20. Outsourcing/Offshoring Insights

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tate, Wendy; Bals, Lydia

    2017-01-01

    Findings: Both the geographical and governance dimensions are part of the rightshoring decision which is an important conceptual foundation for this special issue, as it invited insightful pieces on all of these phenomena (e.g. outsourcing, insourcing, offshoring, reshoring), acknowledging that t...

  1. Nearshore versus Offshore

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klinge Jacobsen, Henrik; Hevia Koch, Pablo Alejandro; Wolter, Christoph

    Currently there exist high expectations for the development of wind energy, particularly in Europe, out of whichoffshore wind turbine developments will be central as tools to achieve current energy targets. The question betweennearshore and (far)-offshore is particularly relevant, both because of...

  2. Offshore but on track?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Helene Pristed

    2016-01-01

    In the spring 2011, and again during summer 2012, the small coastal town of Hirtshals (approx. 6000 inhabitants) on the north-western shore of Denmark was home to two spectacular symbols of the success of an emergent offshore sector in the region, namely the upgrading and overhauling of two gigan...

  3. The Hidden Costs of Offshoring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller Larsen, Marcus; Manning, Stephan; Pedersen, Torben

    2011-01-01

    experience moderate the relationship between complexity and hidden costs negatively i.e. reduces the cost generating impact of complexity. We develop three hypotheses and test them on comprehensive data from the Offshoring Research Network (ORN). In general, we find support for our hypotheses. A key result...... of offshoring. Specifically, we propose that hidden costs can be explained by the combination of increasing structural, operational and social complexity of offshoring activities. In addition, we suggest that firm orientation towards organizational design as part of an offshoring strategy and offshoring...

  4. 基于FDS的海洋平台油气处理系统火灾危险分析%Fire hazard analysis on oil & gas processing system on the offshore platform based on FDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭杰; 朱渊; 陈国明

    2011-01-01

    以某海洋平台下层甲板油气处理系统为研究对象,针对油气处理系统原油泄漏引发的火灾事故,以计算流体力学为理论基础,采用FDS软件建立油气处理系统火灾动力学模型,选取温度、热辐射强度、烟气层高度(厚度)和能见度等4个火灾危险性评价指标,对火灾影响后果进行了评价.油气处理系统一旦发生火灾将导致严重后果,人员需立即疏散并采取控制措施;通过对比不同脱险梯道受火灾影响程度,确定出了最有利于人员疏散的路径;设备泄漏孔径越大,火灾危险性越大,不利于人员疏散.%To study the fire accidents happened in the oil & gas processing system of offshore plat form due to oil discharge, a fire dynamic model is built by using FDS software, which is based on computational fluid dynamics. Four criteria including temperature, radiation intensity, smoke layer height (thickness) and visibility are used to assess the consequences of the fire. It is shown that the fire resulting from the oil &. gas processing system is so dangerous that people should be evacuated and control measured should he taken immediately. The prime escape route is determined by comparing the damages to the escape routs caused by the fire. And with the growth of the lesk aperture, the fire is more danger ous and people's evacuation is more difficult.

  5. Offshore 2010. Final report; Offshore 2010. Sluttrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    An overview of the accomplishments of the various projects that have received support from the Norwegian Research Council's program 'Offshore 2010'. The following projects are presented, some have English and some Norwegian project names: 'Critical parameters influencing inhibitor performance in multiphase flow', 'Development of the drilling optimization simulator (DDS) and a totally integrated drilling optimization system', 'Produksjonsoptimalisering og automatisk styring av broenner og roerledninger (PETRONICS)', 'Termisk isolerte undervannsroer for sikring av broenntransport over store avstander', 'Utvikling av magnetisk frekvensformer for styring av store subsea pumper paa havdyp ned mot 4000 meter', 'Flerfase stroemningsmaaler for permanent nedihulls installasjon', 'Hastighetsmaaling i flerfase stroemning ved passiv akustikk', 'Oil/water seperation offshore: optimized flow- and seperation behavior', 'Stroemningshastighet', 'A rock mechanics based reservoir simulation', 'MultiTool fase 2 - et flerbruksverktoey for nedihulls applikasjoner', 'Utvikling av undervanns olje-i-vann monitor for kontinuerlig maaling av lave oljekonsentrasjoner basert paa TR-LIFS', 'Subsea multipath ultrasonic liquid flow meter', 'Fluid characterization at elevated pressures and temperatures (Flucha II)'. The two main goals for the research program are 1. The development of new technology and competency in the field of downhole- and subsea processing and multiphase transportation, and 2. Innovation and commercialisation in small and medium sized companies (less than 100 employees). Some details on the financing and results are included (ml)

  6. Subsea prizes : companies pushing the envelope offshore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macedo, R.

    2009-06-15

    In order to make projects economic, companies are going farther offshore and deeper to find oil and gas or to use existing offshore platforms and longer horizontals. Companies such as StatoilHydro are reworking strategies on how to approach future oil finds. This article discussed examples of ultra deep and long horizontal oil finds such as Statoil's complicated but highly successful Gulltopp project. Although drilling ultra-deep wells or long horizontal wells is risky, they can also be very lucrative. The article also discussed McMoRan Exploration Company of New Orleans' high-risk deeper targets in the Gulf of Mexico and its exploration strategy. The longest well in the world, drilled by Maersk Oil Qatar AS was also described. The article noted that the Danish company reported that the entire horizontal section of the well was placed within a reservoir target which was only 20 feet thick. Schlumberger helped Maersk Oil Qatar break several records with extended reach drilling (ERD) offshore well. This well set 10 records, including the longest well ever drilled; longest along-hole departure; longest 8 and a half inch section; highest ERD ratio; highest directional drilling difficulty index; deepest directional control; deepest downlink, MWD transmission and LWD geosteering; deepest battery-less operation; longest reservoir contact; and longest open hole. Last, the article discussed an unsuccessful well drilled by Murphy Oil Corporation known as the Manhattan well. 8 figs.

  7. Overall Optimization for Offshore Wind Farm Electrical System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hou, Peng; Hu, Weihao; Chen, Cong

    2017-01-01

    system is optimized in accordance with initial investment by considering three aspects: the number and siting of offshore substations (OS), the cable connection layout of both collection system (CS) and transmission system (TS) as well as the selection of electrical components in terms of voltage level...... in each sub region as well as the connection scheme between offshore substations are optimized by an adaptive PSO-minimum spanning tree algorithm (APSO-MST) which has been proposed in a previous work. The simulation results show that the proposed optimization platform can find an optimized layout...

  8. Specificity of Geotechnical Measurements and Practice of Polish Offshore Operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogumil Laczynski

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available As offshore market in Europe grows faster and faster, new sea areas are being managed and new ideas on how to use the sea potential are being developed. In North Sea, where offshore industry conducts intensive expansion since late 1960s, numerous wind farms, oil and gas platforms and pipelines have been put into operation following extensive research, including geotechnical measurement. Recently, a great number of similar projects is under development in Baltic Sea, inter alia in Polish EEZ, natural conditions of which vary from the North Sea significantly. In this paper, those differences are described together with some solutions to problems thereby arising.

  9. Geosynchronous platform definition study. Volume 4, Part 2: Traffic analysis and system requirements for the new traffic model

    Science.gov (United States)

    1973-01-01

    A condensed summary of the traffic analyses and systems requirements for the new traffic model is presented. The results of each study activity are explained, key analyses are described, and important results are highlighted.

  10. Reconstruction of burial history, temperature, source rock maturity and hydrocarbon generation in the northwestern Dutch offshore

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abdul Fattah, R.; Verweij, J.M.; Witmans, N.; Veen, J.H. ten

    2012-01-01

    3D basin modelling is used to investigate the history of maturation and hydrocarbon generation on the main platforms in the northwestern part of the offshore area of the Netherlands. The study area covers the Cleaverbank and Elbow Spit Platforms. Recently compiled maps and data are used to build the

  11. Reconstruction of burial history, temperature, source rock maturity and hydrocarbon generation in the northwestern Dutch offshore

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abdul Fattah, R.; Verweij, J.M.; Witmans, N.; Veen, J.H. ten

    2012-01-01

    3D basin modelling is used to investigate the history of maturation and hydrocarbon generation on the main platforms in the northwestern part of the offshore area of the Netherlands. The study area covers the Cleaverbank and Elbow Spit Platforms. Recently compiled maps and data are used to build the

  12. Submarine landslides offshore Vancouver Island along the northern Cascadia margin, British Columbia: why preconditioning is likely required to trigger slope failure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scholz, Nastasja A.; Riedel, Michael; Urlaub, Morelia; Spence, George D.; Hyndman, Roy D.

    2016-10-01

    Bathymetric data reveal abundant submarine landslides along the deformation front of the northern Cascadia margin that might have significant tsunami potential. Radiocarbon age dating showed that slope failures are early to mid-Holocene. The aim of this study is the analysis of slope stability to investigate possible trigger mechanisms using the factor of safety analysis technique on two prominent frontal ridges. First-order values for the earthquake shaking required to generate instability are derived. These are compared to estimated ground accelerations for large ( M=5 to 8) crustal earthquakes to giant ( M=8 to 9) megathrust events. The results suggest that estimated earthquake accelerations are insufficient to destabilize the slopes, unless the normal sediment frictional resistance is significantly reduced by, for example, excess pore pressure. Elevated pore pressure (overpressure ratio of 0.4) should significantly lower the threshold for earthquake shaking, so that a medium-sized M=5 earthquake at 10 km distance may trigger submarine landslides. Preconditioning of the slopes must be limited primarily to the mid- to early Holocene as slope failures are constrained to this period. The most likely causes for excess pore pressures include rapid sedimentation at the time of glacial retreat, sediment tectonic deformation, and gas hydrate dissociation as result of ocean warming and sea level rise. No slope failures comparable in size and volume have occurred since that time. Megathrust earthquakes have occurred frequently since the most recent failures in the mid-Holocene, which emphasizes the importance of preconditioning for submarine slope stability.

  13. Offshore Rankine Cycles

    OpenAIRE

    Brandsar, Jo

    2012-01-01

    The title of the thesis - "Offshore Rankine Cycles" - is very general and cover a large range of engineering fields, e.g. thermodynamic cycles (Rankine, ORC, Brayton, Kalina, etc.), mechanical equipment (gas/steam turbine, heat exchangers and additional equipment) and safety concerns (flammable and/or toxic fluids, high temperature and pressures), to name the most important.The thesis try to give a brief overview of all critical points and alternatives, concerning employment of a wa...

  14. Wind Energy: Offshore Permitting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-01

    Technological advancements and tax incentives have driven a global expansion in the development of renewable energy resources. Wind energy , in...particular, is now often cited as the fastest growing commercial energy source in the world. Currently, all U.S. wind energy facilities are based on land...authority to permit and regulate offshore wind energy development within the zones of the oceans under its jurisdiction. The federal government and coastal

  15. Weathering the Storm: Developing a Spatial Data Infrastructure and Online Research Platform for Oil Spill Preparedness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauer, J. R.; Rose, K.; Romeo, L.; Barkhurst, A.; Nelson, J.; Duran-Sesin, R.; Vielma, J.

    2016-12-01

    Efforts to prepare for and reduce the risk of hazards, from both natural and anthropogenic sources, which threaten our oceans and coasts requires an understanding of the dynamics and interactions between the physical, ecological, and socio-economic systems. Understanding these coupled dynamics are essential as offshore oil & gas exploration and production continues to push into harsher, more extreme environments where risks and uncertainty increase. However, working with these large, complex data from various sources and scales to assess risks and potential impacts associated with offshore energy exploration and production poses several challenges to research. In order to address these challenges, an integrated assessment model (IAM) was developed at the Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) that combines spatial data infrastructure and an online research platform to manage, process, analyze, and share these large, multidimensional datasets, research products, and the tools and models used to evaluate risk and reduce uncertainty for the entire offshore system, from the subsurface, through the water column, to coastal ecosystems and communities. Here, we will discuss the spatial data infrastructure and online research platform, NETL's Energy Data eXchange (EDX), that underpin the offshore IAM, providing information on how the framework combines multidimensional spatial data and spatio-temporal tools to evaluate risks to the complex matrix of potential environmental, social, and economic impacts stemming from modeled offshore hazard scenarios, such as oil spills or hurricanes. In addition, we will discuss the online analytics, tools, and visualization methods integrated into this framework that support availability and access to data, as well as allow for the rapid analysis and effective communication of analytical results to aid a range of decision-making needs.

  16. Assessment of Offshore Wind System Design, Safety, and Operation Standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sirnivas, S.; Musial, W.; Bailey, B.; Filippelli, M.

    2014-01-01

    This report is a deliverable for a project sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) entitled National Offshore Wind Energy Resource and Design Data Campaign -- Analysis and Collaboration (contract number DE-EE0005372; prime contractor -- AWS Truepower). The project objective is to supplement, facilitate, and enhance ongoing multiagency efforts to develop an integrated national offshore wind energy data network. The results of this initiative are intended to 1) produce a comprehensive definition of relevant met-ocean resource assets and needs and design standards, and 2) provide a basis for recommendations for meeting offshore wind energy industry data and design certification requirements.

  17. Outsourcing software development offshore making IT work

    CERN Document Server

    Gold, Tandy

    2004-01-01

    THE OFFSHORE IMPERATIVECrunching the Offshore Numbers: What the Financials PortendWelcome to the Definitive Guide on Offshore OutsourcingSetting the Stage: The Compelling Offshore StoryOffshore Outsourcing versus Traditional IT OutsourcingChallenges of Offshore OutsourcingChapter SummaryGetting Started in OffshoreExecutive Support and Communications: The Key to SuccessA Look at an Example of Enlightened Leadership: Handling Employee Impact at a Northeast Utilities CompanyWell-Planned and Executed Communications: A Critical Success Factor for Offshore Program InitiationEstablishing the Offshore

  18. Offshoring in the transaction costs theory

    OpenAIRE

    Jakub Kraciuk

    2014-01-01

    The paper presents an idea of offshoring, a concept assuming movement and realization of production and service processes abroad. It displays different kinds of offshoring as well as presents the transaction cost theory, which considerably influences in explanation of offshoring activities. There were also presented attractiveness of particular countries for running offshoring activities as well as the global and Polish offshoring markets.

  19. PEaCH4 v.2.0: A modelling platform to predict early diagenetic processes in marine sediments with a focus on biogenic methane - Case study: Offshore Namibia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arning, Esther T.; Häußler, Steffen; van Berk, Wolfgang; Schulz, Hans-Martin

    2016-07-01

    The modelling of early diagenetic processes in marine sediments is of interest in marine science, and in the oil and gas industry, here, especially with respect to methane occurrence and gas hydrate formation as resources. Early diagenesis in marine sediments evolves from a complex web of intertwining (bio)geochemical reactions. It comprises microbially catalysed reactions and inorganic mineral-water-gas interactions. A model that will describe and consider all of these reactions has to be complex. However, it should be user-friendly, as well as to be applicable for a broad community and not only for experts in the field of marine chemistry. The presented modelling platform PeaCH4 v.2.0 combines both aspects, and is Microsoft Excel©-based. The modelling tool is PHREEQC (version 2), a computer programme for speciation, batch-reaction, one-dimensional transport, and inverse geochemical calculations. The conceptual PEaCH4 model is based on the conversion of sediment-bound degradable organic matter. PEaCH4 v.2.0 was developed to quantify and predict early diagenetic processes in marine sediments with the focus on biogenic methane formation and its phase behaviour, and allows carbon mass balancing. In regard to the irreversible degradation of organic matter, it comprises a "reaction model" and a "kinetic model" to predict methane formation. Both approaches differ in their calculations and outputs as the "kinetic model" considers the modelling time to integrate temperature dependent biogenic methane formation in its calculations, whereas the "reaction model" simply relies on default organic matter degradation. With regard to the inorganic mineral-water-gas interactions, which are triggered by irreversible degradation of organic matter, PEaCH4 v.2.0 is based on chemical equilibrium thermodynamics, appropriate mass-action laws, and their temperature dependent equilibrium constants. The programme is exemplarily presented with the example of upwelling sediments off Namibia

  20. Wind energy in offshore grids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schröder, Sascha Thorsten

    and investment implications under different regulatory frameworks are a hitherto underrepresented research field. They are addressed by this thesis. Offshore grids between several countries combine the absorption of wind energy with international power trading. However, the inclusion into an offshore grid......This cumulative PhD thesis deals with wind integration in offshore grids from an economic point of view. It is composed of a generic part and eight papers. As the topic has mostly been analysed with a focus on topology and technical issues until now, market-operational questions in offshore grids...... affects the economics of an offshore wind park. It is shown that the spot market income is lower if an offshore wind farm is placed in an interconnector and subject to nodal pricing instead of having a national affiliation. Moreover, congestion in the interconnector can prevent the wind farm from...

  1. EU-NORSEWIND - Delivering Offshore Wind Speed Data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oldroyd, Andy; Hasager, Charlotte Bay; Stickland, M.T.

    Offshore wind is the major growth area in the wind industry sector today, with a host of large projects being announced and innovative approaches being proposed. However, with all this investment and innovation there remains a key, fundamental missing element - a thorough understanding...... of the offshore wind climatology and likely wind resource. As the wind industry starts to look in detail at the wind regime offshore, the need for more physical data becomes apparent. As well as the normal AEP requirements for project finance, baseline data is required in order to better understand the local...... conditions with respect to shear and hence loading implications, and of equal concern directionality which can feed into important research areas such as offshore wake propagation. Indeed, a good baseline understanding of the wind flow regime is essential in being able to determine the accumulative impact...

  2. The Numerical Simulation on Diffusion of Flammable Gas from Offshore Platform Vent System%海上平台冷放空可燃气体扩散的数值模拟研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明; 王春升; 衣华磊; 陈绍凯; 钱惠增

    2011-01-01

    为研究烃类物质大气排放所引起的潜在危险,针对某海上平台建立模型,并应用FLUENT软件对平台冷放空泄放气体扩散过程进行了数值模拟研究.研究了可燃气体扩散的基本规律,分析了不同风向、风速、泄放量、冷放空管径、以及泄放口朝向对可燃气体扩散的影响,并将数值模拟结果与规范中的推荐值作了比较,并依据计算结果对冷放空管的设计提出了建议.%To study the potential hazards of flammable mixtures that result from atmospheric discharge of hydrocarbons, the numerical simulation on diffusion of flammable mixtures is carried out using FLUENT software. According to the dimensions of platform, the model is founded. The effect of wind direction, wind speed, discharge capacity, diameter of vent pipe and orientation of vent nozzle to the diffusion of flammable mixtures are analyzed in this paper. At last some proposals about the design of discharge system are made in this paper.

  3. On the instability of offshore foundations: theory and mechanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, FuPing; Li, JinHui; Qi, WenGang; Hu, Cun

    2015-12-01

    As the offshore engineering moving from shallow to deep waters, the foundation types for fixed and floating platforms have been gradually evolving to minimize engineering costs and structural risks in the harsh offshore environments. Particular focus of this paper is on the foundation instability and its failure mechanisms as well as the relevant theory advances for the prevailing foundation types in both shallow and deep water depths. Piles, spudcans, gravity bases, suction caissons, and plate anchors are detailed in this paper. The failure phenomena and mechanisms for each type of foundations are identified and summarized, respectively. The theoretical approaches along with sophisticated empirical solutions for the bearing capacity problems are then presented. The major challenges are from flow-structure-soil coupling processes, rigorous constitutive modeling of cyclic behaviors of marine sediments, and the spatial variability of soil properties for large-spreading structures. Further researches are suggested to reveal the instability mechanisms for underpinning the evolution of offshore foundations.

  4. The offshoring challenge strategic design and innovation for tomorrow’s organization

    CERN Document Server

    Bals, Lydia; Jensen, Peter; Larsen, Marcus

    2013-01-01

    The continuous search for efficiency gains and the goal of attaining a sustainable competitive advantage have steadily increased the volume of goods and services procured globally from third party vendors. In this context, named as “the next wave of globalization”, the offshoring phenomenon has stimulated research and political debates. With the rise of services offshoring, international value chain disaggregation for services has reached a formerly unknown scale. Also, it is increasingly complex transactions, requiring a higher degree of qualification, which are becoming subject to offshoring as well. The Offshoring Challenge: Strategic Design and Innovation for Tomorrow’s Organization features selected chapters by an international research community on the topic of offshoring. All potential business models from offshore outsourcing to third party providers are covered, from cooperative arrangements to internal organizational set-ups including captive offshore centers. Contributions have significant in...

  5. The Hidden Costs of Offshoring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller Larsen, Marcus; Manning, Stephan; Pedersen, Torben

    2011-01-01

    This study seeks to explain hidden costs of offshoring, i.e. unexpected costs resulting from the relocation of business tasks and activities outside the home country. We develop a model that highlights the role of complexity, design orientation and experience in explaining hidden costs of offshor...... of our study is to suggest how hidden costs of offshoring can be mitigated through an explicit orientation towards improving organizational processes and structures as well as experience with offshoring.......This study seeks to explain hidden costs of offshoring, i.e. unexpected costs resulting from the relocation of business tasks and activities outside the home country. We develop a model that highlights the role of complexity, design orientation and experience in explaining hidden costs...... of offshoring. Specifically, we propose that hidden costs can be explained by the combination of increasing structural, operational and social complexity of offshoring activities. In addition, we suggest that firm orientation towards organizational design as part of an offshoring strategy and offshoring...

  6. Geomechanical Performance of Hydrate-Bearing Sediment in Offshore Environments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stephen Holditch; Tad Patzek; Jonny Rutqvist; George Moridis; Richard Plumb

    2008-03-31

    The objective of this multi-year, multi-institutional research project was to develop the knowledge base and quantitative predictive capability for the description of geomechanical performance of hydrate-bearing sediments (hereafter referred to as HBS) in oceanic environments. The focus was on the determination of the envelope of hydrate stability under conditions typical of those related to the construction and operation of offshore platforms. We have developed a robust numerical simulator of hydrate behavior in geologic media by coupling a reservoir model with a commercial geomechanical code. We also investigated the geomechanical behavior of oceanic HBS using pore-scale models (conceptual and mathematical) of fluid flow, stress analysis, and damage propagation. The objective of the UC Berkeley work was to develop a grain-scale model of hydrate-bearing sediments. Hydrate dissociation alters the strength of HBS. In particular, transformation of hydrate clusters into gas and liquid water weakens the skeleton and, simultaneously, reduces the effective stress by increasing the pore pressure. The large-scale objective of the study is evaluation of geomechanical stability of offshore oil and gas production infrastructure. At Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), we have developed the numerical model TOUGH + Hydrate + FLAC3D to evaluate how the formation and disassociation of hydrates in seafloor sediments affects seafloor stability. Several technical papers were published using results from this model. LBNL also developed laboratory equipment and methods to produce realistic laboratory samples of sediments containing gas hydrates so that mechanical properties could be measured in the laboratory. These properties are required to run TOUGH + Hydrate + FLAC3D to evaluate seafloor stability issues. At Texas A&M University we performed a detailed literature review to determine what gas hydrate formation properties had been measured and reported in the literature. We

  7. Quantifying the hurricane catastrophe risk to offshore wind power.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Stephen; Jaramillo, Paulina; Small, Mitchell J; Apt, Jay

    2013-12-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy has estimated that over 50 GW of offshore wind power will be required for the United States to generate 20% of its electricity from wind. Developers are actively planning offshore wind farms along the U.S. Atlantic and Gulf coasts and several leases have been signed for offshore sites. These planned projects are in areas that are sometimes struck by hurricanes. We present a method to estimate the catastrophe risk to offshore wind power using simulated hurricanes. Using this method, we estimate the fraction of offshore wind power simultaneously offline and the cumulative damage in a region. In Texas, the most vulnerable region we studied, 10% of offshore wind power could be offline simultaneously because of hurricane damage with a 100-year return period and 6% could be destroyed in any 10-year period. We also estimate the risks to single wind farms in four representative locations; we find the risks are significant but lower than those estimated in previously published results. Much of the hurricane risk to offshore wind turbines can be mitigated by designing turbines for higher maximum wind speeds, ensuring that turbine nacelles can turn quickly to track the wind direction even when grid power is lost, and building in areas with lower risk.

  8. Hurricane damaged fixed platforms and wellhead structures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shuttleworth, E.P.; Frieze, P.A.

    1998-03-01

    The objective of this study was to review data on damages to offshore platforms with a view to determining their suitability for further exploitation and analysis through a preliminary assessment of trends in the data when viewed from a risk standpoint. To realise this objective, a database on hurricane and other storm related damages was generated and past design practice, particularly concerning environmental load levels, was established. Information was gathered on extreme wave heights, damages, platform details, pushover analyses and structural frame load tests. The information was obtained through: a literature survey of journals, conference proceedings, design codes and guidelines; approaches to organisations in the offshore industry with significant experience of hurricanes, storm-damaged structures and pushover analyses; and interrogation of three major databases on offshore storm and other damages - PMB, MMS and WOAD. (author)

  9. Experimental Study on a Tuned-Mass Damper of Offshore for Vibration Reduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Qiong; Zhao, Xilu; Zheng, Rencheng

    2016-09-01

    With the development of industry, oceanic oil production is one of the most important energy resources. Normally, offshore platform, located in the hostile environment, is easily subjected to unstable environmental loading, such as wind, wave, ice, and earthquake, and it becomes a critical problem to ensure the stability of offshore platform for safely engineering operations. In recent years, tuned-mass damper (TMD) technology has been adopted to reduce vibrations from wind and earthquake influences. Due to the complexity of earthquake excitations, most of researchers were focused on controlling response of structures under wind loads; however, less attention has been put on controlling earthquake response. Therefore, this study concentrates on the seismic reduction of offshore platform by application of a TMD system, and a comprehensively experimental study was processed to validate its effectiveness exposed to different earthquake. A 4-column offshore platform was built according to the actual size of approximately 1:200 ratios, and a TMD system was prepared for the experiment. By the different performance analyses, experimental results indicated that the proposed TMD system can effectively suppress the earthquake stimulus and keep the stability of offshore platform.

  10. Floating offshore turbines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tande, John Olav Giæver; Merz, Karl; Schmidt Paulsen, Uwe

    2014-01-01

    phase applying (mostly) well-known technology, albeit in a new setting. DeepWind is a European research project based mostly on new technology. The concepts are described in some detail with emphasis on control and operation. Prospects are discussed including technical challenges and a performance...... metric of energy production per unit steel mass. Floating offshore wind turbines represent a promising technology. The successful operation of HyWind and WindFloat in full scale demonstrates a well advanced technology readiness level, where further development will go into refining the concepts, cost...

  11. Pemex increasing offshore activity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beachy, D.

    1985-05-01

    Although austere by boom-year standards, Mexico's National Energy Program for 1984-1988 calls for forty wildcats and 90 to 144 development wells off the coast, primarily in the prolific Campeche Bay area. Platform additions will include nine drilling platforms, each for twelve wells, and eight eight platforms to drill injection wells. Additionally, 7 production, 6 accomodation, 6 linkage and 8 compression platforms and 13 tetrapods will be installed. The main objectives of the plan are energy self-sufficiency through the turn of the century, and energy diversification, savings and productivity. The most controversial portion of Mexico's energy program is that calling for nuclear energy development. The energy program lists three basic goals in hydrocarbon production: continuing research on better techniques of secondary recovery; increasing capacity for refining primary and secondary crude products and improving production of heavy crudes; and increasing storage capacity and installing pipelines capable of carrying a greater volume of crude.

  12. Investigation of a FAST-OrcaFlex Coupling Module for Integrating Turbine and Mooring Dynamics of Offshore Floating Wind Turbines: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Masciola, M.; Robertson, A.; Jonkman, J.; Driscoll, F.

    2011-10-01

    To enable offshore floating wind turbine design, the following are required: accurate modeling of the wind turbine structural dynamics, aerodynamics, platform hydrodynamics, a mooring system, and control algorithms. Mooring and anchor design can appreciably affect the dynamic response of offshore wind platforms that are subject to environmental loads. From an engineering perspective, system behavior and line loads must be studied well to ensure the overall design is fit for the intended purpose. FAST (Fatigue, Aerodynamics, Structures and Turbulence) is a comprehensive simulation tool used for modeling land-based and offshore wind turbines. In the case of a floating turbine, continuous cable theory is used to emulate mooring line dynamics. Higher modeling fidelity can be gained through the use of finite element mooring theory. This can be achieved through the FASTlink coupling module, which couples FAST with OrcaFlex, a commercial simulation tool used for modeling mooring line dynamics. In this application, FAST is responsible for capturing the aerodynamic loads and flexure of the wind turbine and its tower, and OrcaFlex models the mooring line and hydrodynamic effects below the water surface. This paper investigates the accuracy and stability of the FAST/OrcaFlex coupling operation.

  13. Test of Gravel to South Leg - Siri Platform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Kristina; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    A grout connection between one of the legs of the offshore platform, Siri, and a water caisson at the seabed is failed. The failure leaves a gap in the grout connection meaning that the stiffness of the connection is disappeared resulting in movements of the platform. These movements cause cracks...

  14. NCEL (Naval Civil Engineering Lab.) Ocean Platforms Seminar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-11-01

    type platforms. Both Cerveza and the Cerveza Ligera platforms[ 7] were launched in one piece and installed in 935 ft and 925 ft of water respectively...6. Magnus Jacket Takes Heavy Honors, Offshore V 42, No. 5, pp 189, 191- 193, May 1982. 7. Tannahill, C. A, W. M. Isenhower, D. D. Engle, Cerveza - A

  15. The Effects of Anthropogenic Structures on Habitat Connectivity and the Potential Spread of Non-Native Invertebrate Species in the Offshore Environment.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel D Simons

    Full Text Available Offshore structures provide habitat that could facilitate species range expansions and the introduction of non-native species into new geographic areas. Surveys of assemblages of seven offshore oil and gas platforms in the Santa Barbara Channel revealed a change in distribution of the non-native sessile invertebrate Watersipora subtorquata, a bryozoan with a planktonic larval duration (PLD of 24 hours or less, from one platform in 2001 to four platforms in 2013. We use a three-dimensional biophysical model to assess whether larval dispersal via currents from harbors to platforms and among platforms is a plausible mechanism to explain the change in distribution of Watersipora and to predict potential spread to other platforms in the future. Hull fouling is another possible mechanism to explain the change in distribution of Watersipora. We find that larval dispersal via currents could account for the increase in distribution of Watersipora from one to four platforms and that Watersipora is unlikely to spread from these four platforms to additional platforms through larval dispersal. Our results also suggest that larvae with PLDs of 24 hours or less released from offshore platforms can attain much greater dispersal distances than larvae with PLDs of 24 hours or less released from nearshore habitat. We hypothesize that the enhanced dispersal distance of larvae released from offshore platforms is driven by a combination of the offshore hydrodynamic environment, larval behavior, and larval release above the seafloor.

  16. The Effects of Anthropogenic Structures on Habitat Connectivity and the Potential Spread of Non-Native Invertebrate Species in the Offshore Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simons, Rachel D; Page, Henry M; Zaleski, Susan; Miller, Robert; Dugan, Jenifer E; Schroeder, Donna M; Doheny, Brandon

    2016-01-01

    Offshore structures provide habitat that could facilitate species range expansions and the introduction of non-native species into new geographic areas. Surveys of assemblages of seven offshore oil and gas platforms in the Santa Barbara Channel revealed a change in distribution of the non-native sessile invertebrate Watersipora subtorquata, a bryozoan with a planktonic larval duration (PLD) of 24 hours or less, from one platform in 2001 to four platforms in 2013. We use a three-dimensional biophysical model to assess whether larval dispersal via currents from harbors to platforms and among platforms is a plausible mechanism to explain the change in distribution of Watersipora and to predict potential spread to other platforms in the future. Hull fouling is another possible mechanism to explain the change in distribution of Watersipora. We find that larval dispersal via currents could account for the increase in distribution of Watersipora from one to four platforms and that Watersipora is unlikely to spread from these four platforms to additional platforms through larval dispersal. Our results also suggest that larvae with PLDs of 24 hours or less released from offshore platforms can attain much greater dispersal distances than larvae with PLDs of 24 hours or less released from nearshore habitat. We hypothesize that the enhanced dispersal distance of larvae released from offshore platforms is driven by a combination of the offshore hydrodynamic environment, larval behavior, and larval release above the seafloor.

  17. Offshore Fish Community: Ecological Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    The offshore (>80 m) fish community of Lake Superior is made up of predominately native species. The most prominent species are deepwater sculpin, kiyi, cisco, siscowet lake trout, burbot, and the exotic sea lamprey. Bloater and shortjaw cisco are also found in the offshore zone...

  18. Product Implications of Design Offshoring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herbert-Hansen, Zaza Nadja Lee; Ahmed-Kristensen, Saeema

    2011-01-01

    This paper investigates the impact offshoring of product development has on the product and suggest possible ways the negative impacts can be avoided.......This paper investigates the impact offshoring of product development has on the product and suggest possible ways the negative impacts can be avoided....

  19. Observations of offshore bar decay

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aagaard, Troels; Kroon, Aart; Greenwood, Brian

    2010-01-01

    Long-term, net offshore bar migration is a common occurrence on many multiple-barred beaches. The first stage of the process involves the generation of a longshore bar close to the shoreline that oscillates about a mean position for some time, followed by a stage of net offshore migration across...

  20. Platform Constellations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Staykova, Kalina Stefanova; Damsgaard, Jan

    2016-01-01

    This research paper presents an initial attempt to introduce and explain the emergence of new phenomenon, which we refer to as platform constellations. Functioning as highly modular systems, the platform constellations are collections of highly connected platforms which co-exist in parallel...... and as such allow us to study platforms not only as separate entities, but also to investigate the relationship between several platforms offered and governed by one and the same platform provider. By investigating two case studies of indigenous platform constellations formed around the hugely popular instant...... messaging apps KakaoTalk and LINE, we are able to gain valuable insights about the nature of these new constructions and to capture and synthesize their main characteristics in a framework. Our results show that platform constellations possess unique innovative capabilities, which can improve users...

  1. Modular OTEC platforms, SKSS designs. Volume I. Executive summary. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-02-29

    One of the possible options for generating electrical energy from ocean thermal gradients requires the use of a floating offshore platform. The platform would contain all OTEC (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion) systems and power cycle components and consist of the hull, seawater, station-keeping, platform service, and mission support subsystems. It would be stationed at one of the designated OTEC sites, and would transmit the generated electricity to the shore power networks by means of an electrical transmission cable. The objective of the present study is to investigate the station-keeping subsystem (SKSS) requirements and develop preliminary SKSS designs for the two Modular Experiment Plant (MEP) candidates of 10/40 MW/sub e/ capacity for deployment at a specific site. The two MEP hull candidates are a Barge type platform and a Spar shaped hull with external heat exchangers. The specific site assigned for this study is Puerto Rico. The preliminary SKSS designs are developed for both platforms as follows: (1) an 8-leg spread catenary mooring system for the Spar, and (2) a 12-leg spread catenary mooring system for the Barge. Applicability of these designs to larger capacity commercial OTEC platforms is also investigated.

  2. Effect of Second-Order Hydrodynamics on a Floating Offshore Wind Turbine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roald, L.; Jonkman, J.; Robertson, A.

    2014-05-01

    The design of offshore floating wind turbines uses design codes that can simulate the entire coupled system behavior. At the present, most codes include only first-order hydrodynamics, which induce forces and motions varying with the same frequency as the incident waves. Effects due to second- and higher-order hydrodynamics are often ignored in the offshore industry, because the forces induced typically are smaller than the first-order forces. In this report, first- and second-order hydrodynamic analysis used in the offshore oil and gas industry is applied to two different wind turbine concepts--a spar and a tension leg platform.

  3. A wind chart to characterize potential offshore wind energy sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    del Jesus, F.; Menéndez, M.; Guanche, R.; Losada, I. J.

    2014-10-01

    Offshore wind industry needs to improve wind assessment in order to decrease the uncertainty associated to wind resource and its influence on financial requirements. Here, several features related to offshore wind resource assessment are discussed, such as input wind data, estimation of long-term and extreme wind statistics, the wind profile and climate variations. This work proposes an analytical method to characterize wind resource. Final product is a wind chart containing useful wind information that can be applied to any offshore sites. Using long-term time series of meteorological variables (e.g. wind speed and direction at different heights), the methodology is applied to five pilot sites in different countries along European Atlantic corridor and it is used to describe and compare offshore wind behavior.

  4. APPLICATION OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGIES IN THE AUSTRALIAN OFFSHORE SECTOR

    OpenAIRE

    M. F. HJ. MOHD AMIN; C. K. H. CHIN; V. GARANIYA

    2016-01-01

    Fossil fuel is not practically renewable and therefore the world is at risk of fossil fuel depletion. This gives urgency to investigate alternative energies, especially for industries that rely entirely on energies for operations, such as offshore industry. The use of alternative energies in this industry has been in place for a while now. This paper discusses the application of various alternative energy sources to assist powering the Goodwyn Alpha (A) Platform, located on the North West ...

  5. Offshore composites - safety aspects; Compositos off shore - aspectos de seguranca

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cid, Jose de Albuquerque [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Centro de Pesquisas; Araujo, Marcia Sousa [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    1999-07-01

    Offshore platform safety aspects, after the introduction of composite materials, is still a major concern. The use of Risk Analysis tools, together with elevated temperature material performance data, to help address the issues of personal safety during a fire accident, is proposed in this work. The typical test result for glass fiber resin subjected to elevated ambient temperature is shown. In conclusion, a five-step, performance driven, design methodology is suggested. (author)

  6. OFFSHORING FOR SUSTAINABLE VALUE MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thaddeus Oforegbunam Ebiringa

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper evaluates offshoring as a strategic value management initiative using Cadbury Nigeria Plc as a case study. Through offshoring risks associated with inventory holding are hedged. A comparative analysis of in-house and offshored cost profiles as well as critical risk factors that affect firm value are evaluated. The result shows that offshoring led to immediate costs saving, freeing of funds previously held in inventory for other working capital investments as well as profitability for vendors. However, aside financial benefits to partners, it leads to increased stakeholders awareness, shared values, partnerships, teamwork and risk mitigation. It therefore follows that for sustainability of financial benefits of offshoring, concerted effort must be made by partners to ensure that critical drivers of value management are not compromised.

  7. APPLICATION OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGIES IN THE AUSTRALIAN OFFSHORE SECTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. F. HJ. MOHD AMIN

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Fossil fuel is not practically renewable and therefore the world is at risk of fossil fuel depletion. This gives urgency to investigate alternative energies, especially for industries that rely entirely on energies for operations, such as offshore industry. The use of alternative energies in this industry has been in place for a while now. This paper discusses the application of various alternative energy sources to assist powering the Goodwyn Alpha (A Platform, located on the North West Shelf (NWS of Australia. The three alternative energy sources under discussion are: wind, wave and solar. The extraction devices used are the Horizontal and Vertical-Axis Wind Turbines - for wind; Pelamis, PowerBuoy and Wave Dragon - for wave; and the solar parabolic dish of SunBeam and Photovoltaic (PV cells of SunPower - for solar. These types of devices are installed within the same offshore platform area. Technical, environmental and economic aspects are taken into consideration before the best selection is made. The results showed that PowerBuoy used for wave energy, is the best device to be used on offshore platforms where operators could save up to 9% of power; $603,083 of natural gas; and 10,848 tonnes of CO2 per year.

  8. Wakes in large offshore wind farms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berthelmie, Rebecca J.; Frandsen, Sten Tronæs; Rathmann, Ole

    2008-01-01

    Power losses due to wind turbine wakes are of the order of 10 and 20% of total power output in large wind farms. The focus of this research carried out within the EC funded UPWIND project is wind speed and turbulence modelling for large wind farms/wind turbines in complex terrain and offshore...... is for five turbines in flat terrain. Finally a complex terrain wind farm will be modelled and compared with observations. For offshore wind farms, the focus is on cases at the Horns Rev wind farm which indicate wind farm models require modification to reduce under-prediction of wake losses while CFD models...... in order to optimise wind farm layouts to reduce wake losses and loads. For complex terrain, a set of three evaluations is underway. The first is a model comparison for a Gaussian Hill where CFD models and wind farm models are being compared for the case of one hilltop wind turbine. The next case...

  9. Dynamic analysis of offshore structures with non-zero initial conditions in the frequency domain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Fushun; Lu, Hongchao; Li, Huajun

    2016-03-01

    The state of non-zero conditions is typically treated as fact when considering the dynamic analysis of offshore structures. This article extends a newly proposed method [1] to manage the non-zero initial conditions of offshore structures in the frequency domain, including new studies on original environmental loads reconstruction, response comparisons with the commercial software ANSYS, and a demonstration using an experimental cantilever beam. The original environmental loads, such as waves, currents, and winds, that act on a structure are decomposed into multiple complex exponential components are represented by a series of poles and corresponding residues. Counter to the traditional frequency-domain method, the non-zero initial conditions of offshore structures could be solved in the frequency domain. Compared with reference [1], an improvement reported in this article is that practical issues, including the choice of model order and central-processing-unit (CPU) time consumption, are further studied when applying this new method to offshore structures. To investigate the feasibility of the representation of initial environmental loads by their poles and corresponding residues, a measured random wave force collected from a column experiment at the Lab of Ocean University of China is used, decomposed, reconstructed and then compared with the original wave force; then, a numerical offshore platform is used to study the performance of the proposed method in detail. The numerical results of this study indicate that (1) a short duration of environmental loads are required to obtain their constitutive poles and residues, which implies good computational efficiency; and (2) the proposed method has a similar computational efficiency to traditional methods due to the use of the inverse Fourier transform technique. To better understand the performance, of time consumption and accuracy of the proposed method, the commercial software ANSYS is used to determine responses

  10. New switching pattern for AC/AC converters with RB-IGBTs for offshore wind parks

    OpenAIRE

    Mogstad, Anne Berit

    2008-01-01

    Offshore wind power has an increasing interest in the research community and among the politicians. Therefore it is important to find the right solutions to meet the environmental and commercial requirements to give offshore wind power a promising future. This thesis are proposing a new converter topology for offshore wind parks. Since the topology is based on DC transmission in stead of AC transmission it is better suited for use in this type of parks. All the converters are located in the w...

  11. Prospects for generating electricity by large onshore and offshore wind farms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Volker, Patrick; Hahmann, Andrea N.; Badger, Jake

    2017-01-01

    The decarbonisation of energy sources requires additional investments in renewable technologies, including the installation of onshore and offshore wind farms. For wind energy to remain competitive, wind farms must continue to provide low-cost power even when covering larger areas. Inside very la...... regions with moderate winds offer potential locations for very large wind farms. In offshore regions, clusters of smaller wind farms are generally preferable; under very strong winds also very large offshore wind farms become efficient....

  12. U.S. Offshore Wind Manufacturing and Supply Chain Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamilton, Bruce Duncan [Navigant Consulting, Inc.

    2013-02-22

    The objective of the report is to provide an assessment of the domestic supply chain and manufacturing infrastructure supporting the U.S. offshore wind market. The report provides baseline information and develops a strategy for future development of the supply chain required to support projected offshore wind deployment levels. A brief description of each of the key chapters includes: » Chapter 1: Offshore Wind Plant Costs and Anticipated Technology Advancements. Determines the cost breakdown of offshore wind plants and identifies technical trends and anticipated advancements in offshore wind manufacturing and construction. » Chapter 2: Potential Supply Chain Requirements and Opportunities. Provides an organized, analytical approach to identifying and bounding the uncertainties associated with a future U.S. offshore wind market. It projects potential component-level supply chain needs under three demand scenarios and identifies key supply chain challenges and opportunities facing the future U.S. market as well as current suppliers of the nation’s land-based wind market. » Chapter 3: Strategy for Future Development. Evaluates the gap or competitive advantage of adding manufacturing capacity in the U.S. vs. overseas, and evaluates examples of policies that have been successful . » Chapter 4: Pathways for Market Entry. Identifies technical and business pathways for market entry by potential suppliers of large-scale offshore turbine components and technical services. The report is intended for use by the following industry stakeholder groups: (a) Industry participants who seek baseline cost and supplier information for key component segments and the overall U.S. offshore wind market (Chapters 1 and 2). The component-level requirements and opportunities presented in Section 2.3 will be particularly useful in identifying market sizes, competition, and risks for the various component segments. (b) Federal, state, and local policymakers and economic development

  13. Offshore Supply Industry Dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roslyng Olesen, Thomas

    and direct investments. At the center of both value chains are the energy companies. The energy companies have a number of suppliers and sub suppliers which provide a range of equipment and services to the offshore operations. The supply industry is characterized by horizontal cooperation (between suppliers....... Traditional manufacturers are often 2nd or 3rd tier suppliers in the installation phase. But by providing after sales services these companies also become direct suppliers to the energy company in the operations phase. Finally a supplier can have different positions in different geographical markets....... A supplier can thus be a direct (1st tier) supplier in one market but needs to go through a local contractor (as a 2nd tier supplier) in another market – even if the provided service is exactly the same in both cases....

  14. Stratifying the Develoment of Product Platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sköld, Martin; Karlsson, Christer

    2013-01-01

    companies develop platforms for different aims, purposes, and product scopes. Following on from this, the requirements for platform development resources, the ways of organizing platform development, and the implications for management styles have not been explored and are presumably varying. To start...... influencing the project length, requirements for platform development resources, principles for organizing, and implications for management styles....

  15. Integration of Wave and Offshore Wind Energy in a European Offshore Grid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chozas, Julia Fernandez; Sørensen, H. C.; Korpås, M.

    2010-01-01

    of offshore renewable energy sources. According to this, the paper covers i) public and private initiatives for offshore transmission networks, ii) the synergies between the wave and the offshore wind energy sector within an offshore grid, iii) power transmission options for offshore generation and iv...

  16. Strategic Trajectories in the Offshoring and Offshore Outsourcing Process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Slepniov, Dmitrij; Sørensen, Brian Vejrum

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we examine the offshoring and offshore outsourcing process and the strategic trajectories underlying it, including both the internal venturing and the external outsourcing process. We define and present various perspectives on the offshoring and offshore outsourcing process. We...... shape organisational outcomes. It illustrates how standardised and/or non-core operations may gradually change their strategic scope through the actions of local decision makers, producing a self-reinforcing decision cycle. We conclude that the process, and particularly the agency exercised by middle...... management throughout the company, deserves a more significant space in future investigations of strategic trajectories, if the activities in the distributed network is to bring strategic advantages over and beyond short-term cost reductions....

  17. Offshore wind power in Finland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holttinen, H. [VTT Energy, Espoo (Finland)

    1998-12-31

    The objectives of the project were to estimate the technical offshore wind power potential of the Gulf of Bothnia, with cost assessments, to study icing conditions and ice loads, and to design a foundation suitable for the environmental conditions. The technical offshore potential from Vaasa to Tornio is huge, more than 40 TWh/a, although the cost of offshore wind power is still higher than on land. Wind turbines have not previously been designed for the icing conditions found in Gulf of Bothnia and the recommendations for load cases and siting of megawatt-class turbines are an important result of the project. (orig.)

  18. Managing Hidden Costs of Offshoring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Marcus M.; Pedersen, Torben

    2014-01-01

    This chapter investigates the concept of the ‘hidden costs’ of offshoring, i.e. unexpected offshoring costs exceeding the initially expected costs. Due to the highly undefined nature of these costs, we position our analysis towards the strategic responses of firms’ realisation of hidden costs....... In this regard, we argue that a major response to the hidden costs of offshoring is the identification and utilisation of strategic mechanisms in the organisational design to eventually achieving system integration in a globally dispersed and disaggregated organisation. This is heavily moderated by a learning...

  19. Risks to offshore installations in Europe due to natural hazards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Necci, Amos; Krausmann, Elisabeth

    2017-04-01

    Natural hazards, such as storms, earthquakes, or lightning are a major threat to industry. In particular, chemical plants, storage facilities, pipelines, and offshore oil and gas facilities are vulnerable to natural events which can cause hazardous materials releases and thereby endanger workers, the population and the environment. These technological accidents are commonly referred to as Natech accidents. Recent events have increased concerns about safety in the offshore oil and gas sector, and the need for improving knowledge on the matter has become evident. With those premises, we analyzed accidents, near misses and accident precursors at offshore facilities in Europe caused by natural events using both a statistical and a qualitative approach. For this purpose, we screened the World Offshore Accident Database (WOAD) to identify all incidents that featured natural events as causes or aggravating factors. A dataset of 1,085 global Natech events was built for the statistical analysis. Among those, a subset composed of 303 European records was selected. The results of the analysis showed that offshore Natech events in Europe are frequent; they resulted, however, in low consequences. The main threat to offshore facilities resulted from bad weather, such as strong winds and heavy seas. Storms can put intense loads on the structural parts of offshore installations, eventually exceeding design resistance specifications. Several incidents triggered by lightning strikes and earthquakes were also recorded. Substantial differences in terms of vulnerability, damage modality and consequences emerged between fixed and floating offshore structures. The main damage mode for floating structures was the failure of station keeping systems due to the rupture of mooring or anchors, mainly caused by adverse meteorological conditions. Most of the incidents at fixed offshore structures in Europe involved falling loads for both metal jacket and concrete base platforms due to storms. In

  20. System Reliability Assessment of Existing Jacket Platforms in Malaysian Waters

    OpenAIRE

    V.J. Kurian; M.C. Voon; M.M.A. Wahab; M.S. Liew

    2014-01-01

    Reliability of offshore platforms has become a very important issue in the Malaysian Oil and Gas Industry as, majority of the jacket platforms in Malaysian waters to date, have exceeded their design life. Reliability of a jacket platform can be assessed through reliability index and probability of failure. Conventional metocean consideration uses 100 year return period wave height associated with 100 year return period current velocity and wind speed. However, recent study shows that for Mala...

  1. Estimation of Wave Forces on Large Compliant Platforms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mirzaie Sefat S; Ketabdari M. J

    2009-01-01

    Compliant offshore structures such as spars, tension leg platforms (TLPs) and semi-submersibles have been dramatically improved in recent years due to their capability for deep water operation. Waves are the most important environmental phenomenon affecting these offshore structures. Estimation of wave forces is vital in offshore structure design. For large compliant offshore plat-forms, Morrison's equation is not valid anymore and usually diffraction theory is used. In this research, by using the finite difference method, a detailed analysis of the first-order diffraction of monochromatic waves on a large cylinder as a structural element is per-formed to solve the radiation and diffraction potentials. The results showed that the developed model is a reliable tool to estimate the wave forces and hydrodynamic coefficients on large structure elements when wave diffraction and radiation are considered.

  2. Fatigue reliability analysis of fixed offshore structures:A first passage problem approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MADHAVAN PILLAI T.M.; VEENA G.

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes a methodology for computation of reliability of members of fixed offshore platform structures,with respect to fatigue. Failure criteria were formulated using fracture mechanics principle. The problem is coined as a "first passage problem". The method was illustrated through application to a typical plane frame structure. The fatigue reliability degradation curve established can be used for planning in-service inspection of offshore platforms. A very limited parametric study was carried out to obtain insight into the effect of important variables on the fatigue reliability.

  3. Challenges and solutions for installing an intelligent completion in offshore deepwater Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reyes, Alfonso R. [WellDynamics, Spring, TX (United States); Arias, Jose Luiz [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2004-07-01

    This paper describes an atypical and challenging Intelligent Well Completion (IWC) installed in ultra deep water (1500-2000 m), offshore Brazil. The well is a water injector designed to selectively control the injection flow rate in to two stacked gravel pack zones. The field is Roncador, approximately 150 kilometers offshore the North-Eastern coast of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This application is an atypical IWC due to the long distance ({approx}15 Km) from the production platform to the well. Intelligent wells have been installed at such distances previously but never with a direct control umbilical. Previous completions used a Subsea Control Module (SCM) or pod located in the wellhead. Reduced intervention costs are the typical driver for IWC in deep water applications, but water management is becoming an increasingly common application. The Roncador field development team has taken a novel approach by using IWC to manage water injection in an ultra deep water development. The challenge for the project team was to design an IWC system, which would accommodate the field infrastructure constraint, require minimal modification to the existing subsea hardware and ensure the necessary flexibility to locate surface equipment without the need for modification to the production facilities. The solution adopted for Roncador 35 is mainly based on an emerging ISO standard for the integration of IWC into Subsea Production Systems. The modular and expandable approach will enable extension of this solution to other wells in the Roncador field. (author)

  4. Review of technology for Arctic offshore oil and gas recovery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sackinger, W. M.

    1980-08-01

    The technical background briefing report is the first step in the preparation of a plan for engineering research oriented toward Arctic offshore oil and gas recovery. A five-year leasing schedule for the ice-prone waters of the Arctic offshore is presented, which also shows the projected dates of the lease sale for each area. The estimated peak production rates for these areas are given. There is considerable uncertainty for all these production estimates, since no exploratory drilling has yet taken place. A flow chart is presented which relates the special Arctic factors, such as ice and permafrost, to the normal petroleum production sequence. Some highlights from the chart and from the technical review are: (1) in many Arctic offshore locations the movement of sea ice causes major lateral forces on offshore structures, which are much greater than wave forces; (2) spray ice buildup on structures, ships and aircraft will be considerable, and must be prevented or accommodated with special designs; (3) the time available for summer exploratory drilling, and for deployment of permanent production structures, is limited by the return of the pack ice. This time may be extended by ice-breaking vessels in some cases; (4) during production, icebreaking workboats will service the offshore platforms in most areas throughout the year; (5) transportation of petroleum by icebreaking tankers from offshore tanker loading points is a highly probable situation, except in the Alaskan Beaufort; and (6) Arctic pipelines must contend with permafrost, making instrumentation necessary to detect subtle changes of the pipe before rupture occurs.

  5. Payment Platform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjelholt, Morten; Damsgaard, Jan

    2012-01-01

    Payment transactions through the use of physical coins, bank notes or credit cards have for centuries been the standard formats of exchanging money. Recently online and mobile digital payment platforms has entered the stage as contenders to this position and possibly could penetrate societies...... thoroughly and substitute current payment standards in the decades to come. This paper portrays how digital payment platforms evolve in socio-technical niches and how various technological platforms aim for institutional attention in their attempt to challenge earlier platforms and standards. The paper...... applies a co-evolutionary multilevel perspective to model the interplay and processes between technology and society wherein digital payment platforms potentially will substitute other payment platforms just like the credit card negated the check. On this basis this paper formulate a multilevel conceptual...

  6. Offshore regulators focus on incentives for safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reid, W.

    2000-11-27

    Strict safety regulations in effect at offshore drilling sites are discussed. The guiding principle in all existing regulation is that while economic or industrial considerations are important, the value and the concern for human life is paramount. Should some tragic event occur at an offshore drilling site that is shown to have been caused by negligence of an operator, there is no question at all that the regulatory authority, in this case the Canada-Newfoundland Offshore Petroleum Board (CNOPB), would take the negligent operator to court. Nevertheless, Canadian authorities remain confident that encouragement of maintaining a safe working environment is likely to be more successful in ensuring workplace safety than threats of punishment. Indeed, Canadian regulators have, in recent times, shown a tendency to move towards performance-based systems, as opposed to the more usual prescriptive or rule-bound regulatory regime. This new approach involves setting targets and giving companies the responsibility to implement measures to reach the targets rather than relying on government instructions. Still, performance-based regulation in Canada is relatively new and some regulations remain prescriptive. Examples are the requirement for two immersion suits and two lifeboat seats for every worker on a drilling unit.

  7. Offshore Wind Turbine Foundation Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Passon, Patrik

    Offshore wind energy has greatly matured during the last decade with an annually installed energy capacity exceeding 1 GW. A key factor for further large-scale development of offshore wind energy is a cost of energy reduction. Given for example the drop in oil price since summer 2014, which has...... continued into 2015 it is even more important to drive down the costs of energy for renewable energy sources such as offshore wind energy in order to arrive at a sustainable future on a global level.Cost of energy reductions for offshore wind turbines (OWTs) can be achieved by optimizations on different...... and approaches.In design practice, the modelling of the structure as well as of the environment is often based on simplifications. For the environmental conditions, this is e.g. due to the fact that the combined, directional wind and wave climate consists of an impractically large amount of combinations of met...

  8. Bathymetry--Offshore Bolinas, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetry and shaded-relief maps of the Offshore of Bolinas, California (raster data file is included in...

  9. Bathymetry--Offshore Pacifica, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetry and shaded-relief maps of Offshore Pacifica, California. The raster data file is included in...

  10. Habitat--Offshore Monterey, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the habitat map of the seafloor of the Offshore of Monterey map area, California. The vector data file is included in...

  11. Offshore wind farms: Danish experiences

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gravesen, H.; Taylor, D.; Petersen, A. [Carl Bro Group, Edinburgh (United Kingdom)

    2000-07-01

    Denmark has extensive plans for offshore wind farms, and by 2030 parks to generate some 5,500 MW of power will be constructed. Out of this 4,000 MW will be offshore and to date 15 sites have been identified. Carl Bro Group are currently involved in the programme carrying out basic and detailed design, including EIA for 5 sites where construction is planned to take place before 2005. The first phase consists of the installation of 150MW wind farms. In Middelgrunden, off shore from Copenhagen, a scheme is well advanced to install 20 windmills generating approximately 40MW of power. This project is the largest offshore wind farm in the world and illustrates Denmark's commitment to sustainability. The paper gives an overview of the plans for offshore wind farms in Denmark and includes a detailed description of the farm at Middelgrunden, with emphasis on environmental, aesthetic, safety, design, construction and installation aspects. (Author)

  12. Bathymetry--Offshore Pacifica, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetry and shaded-relief maps of Offshore Pacifica, California. The raster data file is included in...

  13. Some characteristics of offshore operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popov Đorđe

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Offshore operations are not on the margins of the world economy. They are an integral part of modern business practice. They have become one of the most important instruments in the contemporary globalized financial system. Offshore operations and tax havens are not only conduits for tax avoidance and evasion but belong more broadly to the world of finance, for the business of managing the monetary resources of an organization, country or individuals. Offshore business operating in tax havens is at the heart of a particular type of globalization that is characterized by a growing gap between the very rich and everyone else. Tax havens are financial conduits that, in exchange for a fee, use their one principal asset- their sovereignty to serve a nonresident constituency of accountants and lawyers, bankers and financiers, who bring a demand for offshore operations.

  14. Contours--Offshore Aptos, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetric contours for several seafloor maps of the Offshore of Aptos map area, California. The vector data file is...

  15. Habitat--Offshore Monterey, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the habitat map of the seafloor of the Offshore of Monterey map area, California. The vector data file is included in...

  16. Contours--Offshore Aptos, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetric contours for several seafloor maps of the Offshore of Aptos map area, California. The vector data file is...

  17. Cajun Maritime expands gas production platform with help from Liebherr crane

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2009-09-15

    The South Marsh Island (SMI) Block 217 platform is a productive offshore natural gas handling hub in the Gulf of Mexico's Flatrock multiple reservoir deep-gas discovery. This one platform alone could increase natural gas production in the United States by 13 per cent. Louisiana-based Cajun Maritime LLC is the specialized marine subsidiary of the civil and mechanical contracting group Cajun Industries. The company focuses on maintaining a safe working environment at all times. The company purchased a new Liebherr LR 1300 lattice boom crawler crane for the Flatrock project because of its quality, lifting capacity and price. This article described the features of the crane that make it particularly suitable for offshore drilling, such as sealed bearings, big engine, high line pull, and the unique ability to move the main boom and luffing jib simultaneously while under load. The LR 1300 was used for several major installations, including pipelines, a new service crane and a water treatment deck platform. The safety features of the LR 1300 include a reeving winch which is used to install the lifting cables; the small diameter reeving winch cable is much easier to handle than the old method of hand pulling; and riggers are not required to walk the boom of the crane. The cab computer is useful in low overhead clearance work and completely removes the human error factor. The electronic hydraulic controls eliminate the risk of accidental load loss often associated with old-style friction cranes. 3 figs.

  18. The Limits of Offshore Balancing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    humanitarian intervention, or the use of force to promote or restore democracy overseas. It also means refraining from preemptive or preventive wars to...Likewise, Cato In­ stitute scholar Christopher Preble estimates that this type of strategy would enable major reductions in the number of carrier strike ...benefits of offshore balancing seem con ­ siderably less striking . One scholar has projected that a strategy approximating offshore balancing could be

  19. The Organizational Design of Offshoring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørberg Jensen, Peter D.; Larsen, Marcus M.; Pedersen, Torben

    2013-01-01

    Offshoring can be defined as the relocation of organizational tasks and services to foreign locations. At the same time as the scale and scope of offshoring have reached unprecedented levels in recent years, firms have increasingly been exposed to the challenges relating to managing an organizati...... implies an organizational reconfiguration consisting of three stages: disintegration, relocation and reintegration. We discuss the implications of this perspective and outline a research agenda....

  20. Offshore northern Europe, the challenges

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergseth, S. [Statoil, Stavenger (Norway)

    1996-12-31

    This paper relates to challenges of the offshore activity in the North Sea. It is appropriate to address these challenges in the context of generating values through efficient management of resources, markets, safety and technology, as the challenges lie therein. The petroleum industry is built to turn natural resources into market value, assuring broad benefits to stake holders and shareholders. In the following, the challenges facing the industry the industry offshore Northern Europe is examined on this background

  1. Burgeoning China Offshore Oil Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Luo Ming; Hou Xiaoying; Xiao Yang

    1996-01-01

    @@ Despite its late inception, China's offshore oil industry has been growing rapidly over the past ten years and has become a new division of the energy sector boasting constant, swift and highly-effective development. Before foreign cooperation was introduced, offshore crude production was only about 100 000 tons per year. In 1996,the total production will surpass 10 million tons, indicating promising prospects for further progress in the future.

  2. The Latest Trend of Offshore Engineering Vessel Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qi Bin

    2011-01-01

    When we mention offshore engineering vessel,we have to refer to Ur stern company of Norway. Its "S" series offshore engineering vessels can be given targeted reconstruction according to customers' requirements and have high degree of specialization. The earthquake vessel , M/V "Oceanic Vega", has been selected by So/utions as 2010 classical ship type. With energy exploration moving towards deeper sea, the requirements for drilling units are becoming higher and higher, such as possessing the capability to operate in the polar region or certain special areas. In reply to this, the drilling unit, "XDS3600", which was developed by this company provides a new standard for the drilling sector.

  3. Biofouling of an offshore oil platform: faunal composition and biomass

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Venugopalan, V.P.; Wagh, A.B.

    stream_size 4 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Indian_J_Mar_Sci_19_53.pdf.txt stream_source_info Indian_J_Mar_Sci_19_53.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  4. Salvage and Demolition of Two Navy Offshore Platforms,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-10-01

    SES-100B Trials SESTF JEFF Craft Tests AALC-ETU LACV-30 Army Coast Guard Sled USCG n Sea/Air Rescue USCG Data Buoy NORDA Voyageur Ops Army/Bell HADAPS...for Lighted Buoys Issued F. .. . . . 4 Date Event 2 Jan. 1984 Florida, Dept. of Natural Resources Approval 9 Feb. 1984 Commerce Business Daily

  5. 75 FR 11899 - Certificate of Alternative Compliance for the Offshore Supply Vessel JOE GRIFFIN

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-12

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Certificate of Alternative Compliance for the Offshore Supply Vessel JOE GRIFFIN... Alternative Compliance was issued for the offshore supply vessel JOE GRIFFIN as required by 33 U.S.C. 1605(c... GRIFFIN. Full compliance with 72 COLREGS and the Inland Rules Act would hinder the vessel's ability...

  6. 75 FR 39955 - Certificate of Alternative Compliance for the Offshore Supply Vessel MONICA W CALLAIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-13

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Certificate of Alternative Compliance for the Offshore Supply Vessel MONICA W CALLAIS... Alternative Compliance was issued for the offshore supply vessel MONICA W CALLAIS as required by 33 U.S.C... MONICA W CALLAIS, O.N. 1226851. The horizontal distance between the forward and aft masthead lights...

  7. 75 FR 17755 - Certificate of Alternative Compliance for the Offshore Supply Vessel GULF TIGER

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-07

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Certificate of Alternative Compliance for the Offshore Supply Vessel GULF TIGER AGENCY... Compliance was issued for the offshore supply vessel GULF TIGER as required by 33 U.S.C. 1605(c) and 33 CFR... TIGER. Full compliance with 72 COLREGS and the Inland Rules Act would hinder the vessel's ability...

  8. Influence of Nonlinear Irregular Waves on the Fatigue Loads of an Offshore Wind Turbine

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Meulen, M.B.; Ashuri, T.; Van Bussel, G.J.W.; Molenaar, D.P.

    2012-01-01

    In order to make offshore wind power a cost effective solution that can compete with the traditional fossil energy sources, cost reductions on the expensive offshore support structures are required. One way to achieve this, is to reduce the uncertainty in wave load calculations by using a more advan

  9. Comparative study of the sources of exergy destruction on four North Sea oil and gas platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Voldsund, Mari; Nguyen, Tuong-Van; Elmegaard, Brian

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, the oil and gas processing systems on four North Sea offshore platforms are reported and discussed. Sources of exergy destruction are identified and the findings for the different platforms are compared. Different platforms have different working conditions, such as reservoir...... the lifetime of an oil field, and to maintain the efficiency of an offshore platform is therefore challenging. In practice, variations in the process feed result in the use of control strategies such as anti-surge recycling, which cause additional power consumption and exergy destruction. For all four...... platforms, more than 27% of the total exergy destruction takes place in the gas treatment section while at least 16% occurs in the production manifold systems. The exact potential for energy savings and for enhancing system performances differ across offshore platforms. However, the results indicate...

  10. Floating Offshore Wind in Oregon: Potential for Jobs and Economic Impacts from Two Future Scenarios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jimenez, Tony [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Keyser, David [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Tegen, Suzanne [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Speer, Bethany [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2016-05-01

    Construction of the first offshore wind power plant in the United States began in 2015, off the coast of Rhode Island, using fixed platform structures that are appropriate for shallow seafloors, like those located off of the East Coast and mid-Atlantic. However, floating platforms, which have yet to be deployed commercially, will likely need to anchor to the deeper seafloor if deployed off of the West Coast. To analyze the employment and economic potential for floating offshore wind along the West Coast, the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) commissioned the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to analyze two hypothetical, large-scale deployment scenarios for Oregon: 5,500 megawatts (MW) of offshore wind deployment in Oregon by 2050 (Scenario A), and 2,900 MW of offshore wind by 2050 (Scenario B). These levels of deployment could power approximately 1,600,000 homes (Scenario A) or 870,000 homes (Scenario B). Offshore wind would contribute to economic development in Oregon in the near future, and more substantially in the long term, especially if equipment and labor are sourced from within the state. According to the analysis, over the 2020-2050 period, Oregon floating offshore wind facilities could support 65,000-97,000 job-years and add $6.8 billion-$9.9 billion to the state GDP (Scenario A).

  11. Offshore marine constructions as propagators of moon jellyfish dispersal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vodopivec, Martin; Peliz, Álvaro J.; Malej, Alenka

    2017-08-01

    We have studied the influence of offshore marine constructions on the moon jellyfish population in the Adriatic sea, where the newly set up substrates enable the formation of a new population based in the formerly unpopulated open waters. Our five-year long computer simulation uses a high resolution coupled bio-physical individual-based model to track the dispersal of the offspring from subpopulations originating from offshore and shore-based sources. According to our study, the platforms enhance connectivity between subpopulations of jellyfish polyps, help sustain existing shore-based subpopulations, contribute to jellyfish blooms in some areas, and play an important role in establishing connection with the rest of the Mediterranean, in addition to representing substantial amounts of available substrate. This is an aspect that is usually overlooked when evaluating the ecological impact of existing and future wind farms, oil and gas platforms, etc. Our approach could serve as a role model in future studies of ecological impacts of planned offshore constructions.

  12. Project of a Near-Real-Time Sismo-acoustic Submarine Station for offshore monitoring (NRTSSS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Anna, G.; Calore, D.; Mangano, G.; D'Alessandro, A.; Favali, P.

    2011-12-01

    The INGV seismic network ensures reliable and continuous monitoring of the Italian territory. However, the peculiarity of the Italian peninsula, characterised by an intense offshore geodynamic and seismic activity, requires the extension of the seismic monitoring to the sea. The aim of this project is: - to identify bottleneck is related to the construction, installation and use of underwater seismic station; - to define the most appropriate and low-cost architecture to guarantee the minimum functionality required for a seismic station. In order to obtain reliable seafloor seismic signals integrated to land-based network, the requirements to be fulfill are: - an acceptable coupling with the seabed; - the orientation of the components with respect to the magnetic North and to the verticality; - the correct time stamp of the data; - the data transfer to the land for the integration. Currently, the optimal solution for offshore seismic station is a cable connection to power and real-time data transfer, like the case of Western Ionian Sea cabled observatory, one of the operative node of the EMSO research infrastructure (European Multidisciplinary Seafloor and water column Observatory, http://emso-eu.org). But in the Mediterranean many seismic areas are located a few tens-hundreds of miles from the coast and cabled solutions are not feasible essentially for economic reasons. For this kind of installations EMSO research infrastructure foresees no-cabled solution, that requires a surface buoy deployed in the vicinity seafloor modules.This project plans to develop a surface buoy equipped with autonomous power supply system to power also the seafloor platforms and two-way communication system enabling the data transfer through latest generation of broadband radio communication or satellite link (Fig. 1). All the components of the prototype system are described.

  13. IS OFFSHORING AN INTERNATIONAL PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Roberto Gião

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes to analyze the applicability of transaction cost economics - TCE (Coase, 1937; Williamson, 1975, 1979 through its characteristic make-or-buy expression, considering the offshoring pace and emerging economy firms. The make-or-buy decision must be flexible enough to explain offshoring characteristics and developed and emerging economy firms scenarios. As secondary objectives, and to show the trail to the main purpose, two research questions were identified and discussed during the paper: Is offshoring process an international movement only from developed countries to emerging economies? Is the main reason of offshoring the looking for low-cost work / activities? To achieve the proposed objectives, the structure of this paper begins with a reasonable or acceptable definition of offshoring. Some reasons (or “the reason” for the process are also another important starting point. The majority of articles referee the idea that low-cost is the main reason for offshoring, and if it is correct, transaction cost economics seems to be a good basis for our analysis purpose and integrative intention. Also some literature connections between offshoring and TCE are presented and, naturally TCE is presented in highlights for understanding these connections. Ending this section, some different arguments based on newer researches are presented by some authors presenting another perspective as the main reason. After this theoretical approach, a scenario analysis and some discussions are presented based on all possible interactions among firm from developed (DC and emerging economies (EE and examples of international corporations are presented to clarify and improve the understanding of our research questions and to build new contributions to international business theory.

  14. Frequency-domain characteristics of aerodynamic loads of offshore floating vertical axis wind turbines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borg, Michael; Collu, M.

    2015-01-01

    The re-emerging interest in vertical axis wind turbines for floating offshore applications has led to a need to investigate the relatively complex dynamics of such floating offshore structures. Through the use of a coupled model of dynamics this article investigates the frequency-domain character......The re-emerging interest in vertical axis wind turbines for floating offshore applications has led to a need to investigate the relatively complex dynamics of such floating offshore structures. Through the use of a coupled model of dynamics this article investigates the frequency-domain...... characteristics of floating vertical axis wind turbine aerodynamic loads. The impact of platform induced motion on aerodynamic loads is discussed in detail, with results indicating an increase in aerodynamic loads of several orders of magnitude over the range of frequencies usually containing significant wave...

  15. Wave Run-Up on Cylindrical and Cone Shaped Foundations for Offshore Wind Turbines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Vos, Leen; Frigaard, Peter; De Rouck, Julien

    2007-01-01

    During the last decade, several offshore wind-farms were built and offshore wind energy promises to be a suitable alternative to provide green energy. However, there are still some engineering challenges in placing the foundations of offshore wind turbines. For example, wave run-up and wave impacts...... of foundations for offshore wind turbines, including both regular and irregular waves. The influence of wave steepness, wave height and water depth on run-up is investigated. The measured run-up values are compared with applicable theories and previous experimental studies predicting run-up on a circular pile...... cause unexpected damage to boat landing facilities and platforms. To assess the forces due to wave run-up, the distribution of run-up around the pile and the maximum run-up height need to be known. This article describes a physical model study of the run-up heights and run-up distribution on two shapes...

  16. Programmatic implications of implementing the relational algebraic capacitated location (RACL) algorithm outcomes on the allocation of laboratory sites, test volumes, platform distribution and space requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassim, Naseem; Smith, Honora; Coetzee, Lindi M; Glencross, Deborah K

    2017-01-01

    CD4 testing in South Africa is based on an integrated tiered service delivery model that matches testing demand with capacity. The National Health Laboratory Service has predominantly implemented laboratory-based CD4 testing. Coverage gaps, over-/under-capacitation and optimal placement of point-of-care (POC) testing sites need investigation. We assessed the impact of relational algebraic capacitated location (RACL) algorithm outcomes on the allocation of laboratory and POC testing sites. The RACL algorithm was developed to allocate laboratories and POC sites to ensure coverage using a set coverage approach for a defined travel time (T). The algorithm was repeated for three scenarios (A: T = 4; B: T = 3; C: T = 2 hours). Drive times for a representative sample of health facility clusters were used to approximate T. Outcomes included allocation of testing sites, Euclidian distances and test volumes. Additional analysis included platform distribution and space requirement assessment. Scenarios were reported as fusion table maps. Scenario A would offer a fully-centralised approach with 15 CD4 laboratories without any POC testing. A significant increase in volumes would result in a four-fold increase at busier laboratories. CD4 laboratories would increase to 41 in scenario B and 61 in scenario C. POC testing would be offered at two sites in scenario B and 20 sites in scenario C. The RACL algorithm provides an objective methodology to address coverage gaps through the allocation of CD4 laboratories and POC sites for a given T. The algorithm outcomes need to be assessed in the context of local conditions.

  17. Programmatic implications of implementing the relational algebraic capacitated location (RACL algorithm outcomes on the allocation of laboratory sites, test volumes, platform distribution and space requirements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naseem Cassim

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: CD4 testing in South Africa is based on an integrated tiered service delivery model that matches testing demand with capacity. The National Health Laboratory Service has predominantly implemented laboratory-based CD4 testing. Coverage gaps, over-/under-capacitation and optimal placement of point-of-care (POC testing sites need investigation.Objectives: We assessed the impact of relational algebraic capacitated location (RACL algorithm outcomes on the allocation of laboratory and POC testing sites.Methods: The RACL algorithm was developed to allocate laboratories and POC sites to ensure coverage using a set coverage approach for a defined travel time (T. The algorithm was repeated for three scenarios (A: T = 4; B: T = 3; C: T = 2 hours. Drive times for a representative sample of health facility clusters were used to approximate T. Outcomes included allocation of testing sites, Euclidian distances and test volumes. Additional analysis included platform distribution and space requirement assessment. Scenarios were reported as fusion table maps.Results: Scenario A would offer a fully-centralised approach with 15 CD4 laboratories without any POC testing. A significant increase in volumes would result in a four-fold increase at busier laboratories. CD4 laboratories would increase to 41 in scenario B and 61 in scenario C. POC testing would be offered at two sites in scenario B and 20 sites in scenario C.Conclusion: The RACL algorithm provides an objective methodology to address coverage gaps through the allocation of CD4 laboratories and POC sites for a given T. The algorithm outcomes need to be assessed in the context of local conditions.

  18. Offshore Wind Payload Transfer Using Flexible Mobile Crane

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magnus B. Kjelland

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents an offshore-simulated loading and unloading of a payload from a floating platform to a fixed structure. The experiments are performed in a dry-lab, where a Stewart platform is used to simulate the motion of the vessel. A hydraulically actuated vehicle loader crane is used to perform the tasks of payload transfer. The crane includes a hydraulic winch where the wire force is measured by a load cell. A mathematical model of the winch is derived and is experimentally verified. The control strategies include a heave compensation and a constant tension mode. A motion reference unit is used to generate the reference motion of the moving platform. Experimental results show the wire force while performing the load cases. This paper shows the advantage of using a reference motion as a feed forward control reference, instead of only relying on the constant tension.

  19. Offshore Wind Energy Market Overview (Presentation)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baring-Gould, I.

    2013-07-01

    This presentation describes the current international market conditions regarding offshore wind, including the breakdown of installation costs, how to reduce costs, and the physical siting considerations considered when planning offshore wind construction. The presentation offers several examples of international existing and planned offshore wind farm sites and compares existing international offshore resources with U.S. resources. The presentation covers future offshore wind trends and cites some challenges that the United States must overcome before it will be able to fully develop offshore wind sites.

  20. Efficient preliminary floating offshore wind turbine design and testing methodologies and application to a concrete spar design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matha, Denis; Sandner, Frank; Molins, Climent; Campos, Alexis; Cheng, Po Wen

    2015-02-28

    The current key challenge in the floating offshore wind turbine industry and research is on designing economic floating systems that can compete with fixed-bottom offshore turbines in terms of levelized cost of energy. The preliminary platform design, as well as early experimental design assessments, are critical elements in the overall design process. In this contribution, a brief review of current floating offshore wind turbine platform pre-design and scaled testing methodologies is provided, with a focus on their ability to accommodate the coupled dynamic behaviour of floating offshore wind systems. The exemplary design and testing methodology for a monolithic concrete spar platform as performed within the European KIC AFOSP project is presented. Results from the experimental tests compared to numerical simulations are presented and analysed and show very good agreement for relevant basic dynamic platform properties. Extreme and fatigue loads and cost analysis of the AFOSP system confirm the viability of the presented design process. In summary, the exemplary application of the reduced design and testing methodology for AFOSP confirms that it represents a viable procedure during pre-design of floating offshore wind turbine platforms.