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Sample records for plasma retinol-binding protein

  1. Plasma levels of osteocalcin and retinol binding protein-4 in patients with medullary thyroid carcinoma

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    Jabar Lotfi

    2014-04-01

    Conclusion: According to difference between plasma levels of osteocalcin and retinol binding protein-4 in patients suffered of medullary thyroid carcinoma comparison with normal subjects, it can be said that, probably medullary thyroid carcinoma has effect on bone and adipose tissue metabolism, so osteocalcin and retinol binding protein-4 hormones have potential to be used for confirmation of diagnosis or following treatment of medullary thyroid carcinoma.

  2. Increased plasma retinol binding protein 4 levels in patients with inflammatory cardiomyopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobbert, Peter; Weithäuser, Alice; Andres, Janin; Bobbert, Thomas; Kühl, Uwe; Schultheiss, Heinz Peter; Rauch, Ursula; Skurk, Carsten

    2009-12-01

    Chronic heart failure (CHF) is associated with a higher risk for diabetes mellitus. Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP 4) is an adipose tissue-derived protein with pro-diabetogenic effects. A complete understanding of the association of CHF and insulin resistance remains elusive. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between CHF and diabetes mellitus. Plasma levels of RBP 4, insulin, and interleukins (IL) 2, 8, and 10, were assessed in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM, n = 53), dilated inflammatory cardiomyopathy (DCMi, n = 54), and controls (n = 20). In addition, a possible mechanism of RBP 4 regulation was examined in adipocytes in vitro. Plasma levels of RBP 4 and insulin were measured by a specific ELISA. Interleukin concentrations were obtained by multiplex ELISA. Cell culture with 3T3-L1 adipocytes was performed to measure RBP 4 mRNA expression after stimulation with IL-8. RBP 4 levels were significantly increased in patients with DCMi (52.95 +/- 20.42 microg/mL) compared with DCM (35.54 +/- 23.08 microg/mL) and the control group (27.3 +/- 18.51 microg/mL). RBP 4 was positively correlated with IL-8 (r=0.416, P < 0.05) in human plasma in patients with DCMi. Moreover, increased insulin resistance was observed in patients with DCMi compared with the control and DCM groups. In vitro, IL-8 induced a significant upregulation of RBP 4 mRNA expression in adipocytes. Elevated RBP 4 plasma concentrations, induced by IL-8, might be one mechanism leading to a higher incidence of diabetes in patients with DCMi.

  3. Maternal Plasma Retinol Binding Protein 4 in Acute Pyelonephritis during Pregnancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaisbuch, Edi; Romero, Roberto; Mazaki-Tovi, Shali; Kusanovic, Juan Pedro; Chaiworapongsa, Tinnakorn; Dong, Zhong; Kim, Sun Kwon; Ogge, Giovanna; Gervasi, Maria Teresa; Hassan, Sonia S.

    2010-01-01

    Objective Adipokines have been implicated in metabolic regulation and the immune response thus providing a molecular mechanism for the interaction between these two systems. Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) is a novel adipokine that plays a role in the pathophysiology of obesity-induced insulin resistance, as well as in the modulation of inflammation. The aim of this study was to determine whether there are changes in maternal plasma concentrations of RBP4 in pregnant women with acute pyelonephritis. Study design This cross-sectional study included pregnant women in the following groups: 1) normal pregnancy (n=80); 2) pyelonephritis (n=39). Maternal plasma RBP4 concentrations were determined by enzyme-linked immunoassays. Non-parametric statistics were used for analyses. Results 1) The median maternal plasma RBP4 concentration was lower in patients with acute pyelonephritis than in those with a normal pregnancy (3709.6 ng/mL, IQR 2917.7-5484.2 vs. 9167.6 ng/mL, IQR 7496.1-10384.1, ppyelonephritis who had a positive blood culture and those with a negative culture (3285.3 ng/mL, IQR 2274.1-4741.1 vs. 3922.6 ng/mL, IQR 3126.8-5547.1, respectively, p=0.2); and 3) lower maternal plasma RBP4 concentrations were independently associated with pyelonephritis after adjustment for confounding factors. Conclusions In contrast to what has been reported in preeclampsia, acute pyelonephritis during pregnancy is associated with lower maternal plasma RBP4 concentrations than in normal pregnancy. This finding suggests that the acute maternal inflammatory process associated with pyelonephritis is fundamentally different from that of the chronic systemic inflammatory process suggested in preeclampsia, in which RBP4 concentrations were found to be elevated. PMID:20163326

  4. Effect of rosiglitazone on visfatin and retinol-binding protein-4 plasma concentrations in HIV-positive patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haider, D G; Schindler, K; Mittermayer, F; Müller, M; Nowotny, P; Rieger, A; Luger, A; Ludvik, B; Wolzt, M

    2007-04-01

    Thiazolidinediones (TZD) may improve insulin resistance in patients with diabetes and HIV. The novel adipocytokines visfatin and retinol-binding protein-4 (RBP-4) have been proposed to influence the development of impaired glucose tolerance. The impact of TZD on these cytokines is yet unknown. In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel group study, 37 lean HIV-positive subjects aged 19-50 years were treated with 8 mg/day rosiglitazone (n=20) or placebo (n=17) for 6 months. Insulin sensitivity was estimated from the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index. Fasting visfatin, RBP-4, leptin, and adiponectin plasma concentrations were analyzed by immunoassays. Rosiglitazone had no effect on impaired insulin sensitivity, but increased median plasma visfatin from 6.2 ng/ml (95% CI: 5.9; 6.5) to 13.7 ng/ml (12.6; 19.1) (P<0.001) and adiponectin from 3.2 ng/ml (2.2; 4.0) to 4.0 ng/ml (3.3; 8.5; P<0.001). RBP-4 was lowered from 21.0 ng/ml (19.6; 23.1) to 16.3 ng/ml (15.2; 17.0; P<0.001), and leptin concentrations were unchanged. Adipocytokine concentrations were stable in subjects receiving placebo, where a deterioration in insulin sensitivity was detectable (P<0.05). Changes in visfatin and RBP-4 were correlated in subjects receiving rosiglitazone (r=-0.64, P<0.01) but not placebo (r=0.12, P=0.15). TZD treatment affects circulating adipocytokine concentrations in subjects with HIV. Reductions in RBP-4 and increases in visfatin may contribute to the pharmacodynamic action of TZD on glucose homeostasis. Quantification of adipocytokines might be useful to assess TZD treatment effectiveness in insulin-resistant subjects with HIV.

  5. 21 CFR 866.5765 - Retinol-binding protein immunological test system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Retinol-binding protein immunological test system....5765 Retinol-binding protein immunological test system. (a) Identification. A retinol-binding protein... the retinol-binding protein that binds and transports vitamin A in serum and urine. Measurement...

  6. Plasma Levels of Fatty Acid-Binding Protein 4, Retinol-Binding Protein 4, High-Molecular-Weight Adiponectin, and Cardiovascular Mortality Among Men With Type 2 Diabetes: A 22-Year Prospective Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Gang; Ding, Ming; Chiuve, Stephanie E; Rimm, Eric B; Franks, Paul W; Meigs, James B; Hu, Frank B; Sun, Qi

    2016-11-01

    To examine select adipokines, including fatty acid-binding protein 4, retinol-binding protein 4, and high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin in relation to cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Plasma levels of fatty acid-binding protein 4, retinol-binding protein 4, and HMW adiponectin were measured in 950 men with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study. After an average of 22 years of follow-up (1993-2015), 580 deaths occurred, of whom 220 died of CVD. After multivariate adjustment for covariates, higher levels of fatty acid-binding protein 4 were significantly associated with a higher CVD mortality: comparing extreme tertiles, the hazard ratio and 95% confidence interval of CVD mortality was 1.78 (1.22-2.59; P trend=0.001). A positive association was also observed for HMW adiponectin: the hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) was 2.07 (1.42-3.06; P trend=0.0002), comparing extreme tertiles, whereas higher retinol-binding protein 4 levels were nonsignificantly associated with a decreased CVD mortality with an hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) of 0.73 (0.50-1.07; P trend=0.09). A Mendelian randomization analysis suggested that the causal relationships of HMW adiponectin and retinol-binding protein 4 would be directionally opposite to those observed based on the biomarkers, although none of the Mendelian randomization associations achieved statistical significance. These data suggest that higher levels of fatty acid-binding protein 4 and HMW adiponectin are associated with elevated CVD mortality among men with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Biological mechanisms underlying these observations deserve elucidation, but the associations of HMW adiponectin may partially reflect altered adipose tissue functionality among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.

  7. Retinol binding protein 4, obesity, and insulin resistance in adolescents

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    Ronaldi Noor

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Background Obesity is a global problem. Even in poor and developing countries, obesity has reached alarming levels. In childhood, obesity may lead to insulin resistance. Retinol binding protein (RBP4, secreted primarily by liver and adipose tissues, was recently proposed as a link between obesity and insulin resistance. The role of RBP4 in pediatric obesity and its relationship with insulin resistance have not been well elucidated. Objective To compare RBP4 levels in obese and lean adolescents and to assess for a relationship between RBP4 levels and insulin resistance. Method This cross-sectional study was conducted in three senior high schools in Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia. Subjects were adolescents aged 14-18 years, who were obese or normal weight (n=56. We measured subjects’ body mass index (BMI and serum RBP4 concentrations. Insulin resistance was assessed using the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR index. Results Similar RBP4 levels were found in the obese and normoweight groups (P>0.05. Higher RBP4 levels were found in the insulin resistant compared to the non-insulin resistant group, but the difference was not significant (P > 0.05. Conclusion There is no significant difference in mean RBP4 levels in obese adolescents compared to normoweight adolescents. Nor are mean RBP4 levels significantly different between obese adolescents with and without insulin resistance.

  8. Retinol-Binding Protein 4 in Young Men With Low Versus Normal Birth Weight

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ribel-Madsen, Rasmus; Brøns, Charlotte; Friedrichsen, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) is a plasma protein which is elevated in obesity and type 2 diabetes. We aimed to investigate whether RBP4 represents a mechanism underlying the associations between low birth weight (LBW), high-fat diet, and insulin resistance. Forty-six young, lean men with low (n...... = 20) or normal (n = 26) birth weight underwent a 5-day high-fat high-calorie (HFHC) dietary intervention. In vivo glucose metabolism was assessed by euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp, glucose tracer and intravenous glucose tolerance test techniques. Body composition was measured by a dual-energy x......, but is not determined by birth weight and seems not to be involved in short-term high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance....

  9. Essential dynamics of the cellular retinol-binding protein - Evidence for ligand-induced conformational changes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Aalten, D.M.F.; Findlay, J.B.C.; Amadei, A; Berendsen, H.J.C.

    1995-01-01

    The cellular retinol-binding protein (CRBP) is an intracellular retinol carrier protein belonging to a family of hydrophobic ligand-binding proteins, It transports retinol to specific locations in the cell where, for instance, it is esterified for storage, Recently solved crystallographic structures

  10. Effect of renal replacement therapy on retinol-binding protein 4 isoforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frey, Simone K; Henze, Andrea; Nagl, Britta;

    2009-01-01

    Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) levels are elevated in the serum of patients with kidney dysfunction. We recently showed that RBP4 isoforms including apo-RBP4 (RBP4 not bound to retinol) and RBP4 truncated at the C-terminus (RBP4-L, RBP4-LL) are increased in the serum of patients with kidney dis...

  11. Micro-ELISA for the quantitation of human urinary and serum retinol-binding protein

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, T; Deckert, M; Dawnay, A;

    1989-01-01

    ) and dilution of urine was linear. The within-assay coefficient of variation ranged from 1.2-3.1% and the day-to-day coefficient of variation from 9.2-10.5% depending on concentration. The correlation with urinary retinol-binding protein determined by radioimmunoassay was good (n = 90, r = 0.95). In vitro...

  12. Impaired retinal function and vitamin A availability in mice lacking retinol-binding protein.

    OpenAIRE

    Quadro, L; Blaner, W S; Salchow, D J; Vogel, S.; Piantedosi, R; Gouras, P; Freeman, S; Cosma, M P; Colantuoni, V; Gottesman, M E

    1999-01-01

    Retinol-binding protein (RBP) is the sole specific transport protein for retinol (vitamin A) in the circulation, and its single known function is to deliver retinol to tissues. Within tissues, retinol is activated to retinoic acid, which binds to nuclear receptors to regulate transcription of >300 diverse target genes. In the eye, retinol is also activated to 11-cis-retinal, the visual chromophore. We generated RBP knockout mice (RBP(-/-)) by gene targeting. These mice have several phenotypes...

  13. The new platinum-based anticancer agent LA-12 induces retinol binding protein 4 in vivo

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    Bouchal Pavel

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The initial pharmacokinetic study of a new anticancer agent (OC-6-43-bis(acetato(1-adamantylamineamminedichloroplatinum (IV (LA-12 was complemented by proteomic screening of rat plasma. The objective of the study was to identify new LA-12 target proteins that serve as markers of LA-12 treatment, response and therapy monitoring. Methods Proteomic profiles were measured by surface-enhanced laser desorption-ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF MS in 72 samples of rat plasma randomized according to LA-12 dose and time from administration. Correlation of 92 peak clusters with platinum concentration was evaluated using Spearman correlation analysis. Results We identified Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4 whose level correlated with LA-12 level in treated rats. Similar results were observed in randomly selected patients involved in Phase I clinical trials. Conclusions RBP4 induction is in agreement with known RBP4 regulation by amantadine and cisplatin. Since retinol metabolism is disrupted in many cancers and inversely associates with malignancy, these data identify a potential novel mechanism for the action of LA-12 and other similar anti-cancer drugs.

  14. Retinol-Binding Protein 4 and Its Relation to Insulin Resistance in Obese Children before and after Weight Loss

    OpenAIRE

    Reinehr, Thomas; Stoffel-Wagner, Birgit; Roth, Christian L.

    2008-01-01

    Context: There are limited and controversial data concerning the relationships between retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4), weight status, and insulin resistance in obese humans and especially in children.

  15. The retinol esterifying enzyme LRAT supports cell signaling by retinol-binding protein and its receptor STRA6

    OpenAIRE

    Marwarha, Gurdeep; Berry, Daniel C.; Croniger, Colleen M.; Noy, Noa

    2014-01-01

    Vitamin A, retinol, circulates in blood bound to retinol-binding protein (RBP). At some tissues, holo-RBP is recognized by a plasma membrane receptor termed STRA6, which serves a dual role: it mediates transport of retinol from RBP into cells, and it functions as a cytokine receptor that, on binding holo-RBP, activates JAK2/STAT5 signaling. As STAT target genes include SOCS3, an inhibitor of insulin receptor, holo-RBP suppresses insulin responses in STRA6-expressing cells. We have shown previ...

  16. Saturation of retinol-binding protein correlates closely to the severity of alcohol-induced liver disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wagnerberger, S.; Schäfer, C.; Bode, C.;

    2006-01-01

    Impaired metabolism of retinol has been shown to occur in alcohol-induced liver disease (ALD). The purpose of the present study was to investigate the saturation of retinol-binding protein (RBP) in 6 patients with different stages of ALD. Hospitalized alcohol consumers (n=118) with different stages......: 43.5+/-6.2%; ALD3: 29.0+/-5.1%). The present study indicates that plasma concentrations of retinol and RBP per se do not correlate to severity of ALD, but rather that the retinol/RBP ratio links to the severity of alcohol-induced liver damage. From these results, a reduced availability of retinol...

  17. Reproducibility of Retinol Binding Protein 4 and Omentin-1 Measurements over a Four Months Period: A Reliability Study in a Cohort of 207 Apparently Healthy Participants.

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    Clemens Wittenbecher

    Full Text Available The reliability of single time point measurements of the novel adipokines retinol-binding protein 4 and omentin-1 in the blood has not been evaluated in large samples yet. The present study aimed to assess the amount of biological variation of these two adipokines within individuals. The study sample comprised 207 participants (124 women and 83 men from Potsdam (Germany and surrounding areas, with an average age of 56.5 years (SD 4.2. Blood samples were collected from each participant twice, approximately four months apart. Using enzyme linked immunosorbent assays, the concentrations of retinol-binding protein 4 and omentin-1 were determined in EDTA plasma. As indicators of reliability, intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs were calculated from the repeated biomarker measurements. The ICCs for repeated retinol-binding protein 4 and omentin-1 measurements were 0.77 (95% CI 0.71, 0.82 and 0.83 (95% CI 0.78, 0.87, respectively, indicating for both adipokines excellent reliability. ICCs were stable across strata according to sex, age, BMI, and blood pressure. Thus, for epidemiological studies it seems reasonable to rely on concentrations of retinol-binding protein 4 and omentin-1 in samples from a single time point if repeated measurements are not available.

  18. Identification of SNPs in Cellular Retinol Binding Protein 1 and Cellular Retinol Binding Protein 3 Genes and Their Associations with Laying Performance Traits in Erlang Mountainous Chicken

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    Yan Wang

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available CRBP1 (cellular retinol binding protein 1 and CRBP3 (cellular retinol binding protein 3, are important components of the retinoid signaling pathway and take part in vitamin A absorption, transport and metabolism. Based on the role of vitamin A in chicken laying performance, we investigated the polymorphism of CRBP1 and CRBP3 genes in 349 chickens using single strand conformation polymorphism and DNA sequencing methods. Only one polymorphism was identified in the third intron of CRBP1, two polymorphisms were detected in CRBP3; they were located in the second intron and the third intron respectively. The association studies between these three SNPs and laying performance traits were performed in Erlang mountainous chicken. Notably, the SNP g.14604G>T of CRBP1 was shown to be significantly associated with body weight at first egg (BWFE, age at first egg (AFE, weight at first egg (WFE and total number of eggs with 300 age (EN. The CRBP3 polymorphism g.934C>G was associated with AFE, and the g.1324A>G was associated with AFE and BWFE, but none of these polymorphisms were associated with egg quality traits. Haplotype combinations constructed on these two SNPs of CRBP3 gene were associated with BWFE and AFE. In particular, diplotype H2H2 had positive effect on AFE, BWFE, EN, and average egg-laying interval. We herein describe for the first time basic research on the polymorphism of chicken CRBP1 and CRBP3 genes that is predictive of genetic potential for laying performance in chicken.

  19. Retinol binding protein 4 concentrations are influenced by renal function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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    Masaki, Takayuki; Anan, Futoshi; Tsubone, Tetsuo; Gotoh, Koro; Chiba, Seiichi; Katsuragi, Isao; Nawata, Tomoko; Kakuma, Tetsuya; Yoshimatsu, Hironobu

    2008-10-01

    Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP-4), a newly discovered adipocytokine, has been involved in glucose and lipid metabolism. We assess the impacts of renal function on plasma RBP-4 levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with a wide range of nephropathy. Plasma RBP-4 levels were measured using the enzyme immunoassay method in 38 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with nephropathy and were compared with those in 20 patients with normoalbuminuria. The levels of plasma RBP-4 were increased by 1.4- and 3.3-fold in patients with renal disease with macroalbuminuria (P = .04) and end-stage renal disease (plasma creatinine level >2.0 mg/dL) (P diabetes mellitus patients. In addition, RBP-4 levels were correlated with HOMA-r and TGL in diabetic subjects without end-stage renal disease.

  20. Quantitative mass spectrometry evaluation of human retinol binding protein 4 and related variants.

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    Urban A Kiernan

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Retinol Binding Protein 4 (RBP4 is an exciting new biomarker for the determination of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. It is known that circulating RBP4 resides in multiple variants which may provide enhanced clinical utility, but conventional immunoassay methods are blind to such differences. A Mass Spectrometric immunoassay (MSIA technology that can quantitate total RBP4 as well as individual isoforms may provide an enhanced analysis for this biomarker. METHODS: RBP4 was isolated and detected from 0.5 uL of human plasma using MSIA technology, for the simultaneous quantification and differentiation of endogenous human RBP4 and its variants. RESULTS: The linear range of the assay was 7.81-500 ug/mL, and the limit of detection and limit of quantification were 3.36 ug/mL and 6.52 ug/mL, respectively. The intra-assay CVs were determined to be 5.1% and the inter-assay CVs were 9.6%. The percent recovery of the RBP4-MSIA ranged from 95 - 105%. Method comparison of the RBP4 MSIA vs the Immun Diagnostik ELISA yielded a Passing & Bablok fit of MSIA  = 1.05× ELISA - 3.09, while the Cusum linearity p-value was >0.1 and the mean bias determined by the Altman Bland test was 1.2%. CONCLUSION: The novel RBP4 MSIA provided a fast, accurate and precise quantitative protein measurement as compared to the standard commercially available ELISA. Moreover, this method also allowed for the detection of RBP4 variants that are present in each sample, which may in the future provide a new dimension in the clinical utility of this biomarker.

  1. Retinol-binding protein, acute phase reactants and Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with gastric adenocarcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nicolas Tsavaris; Christos Koufos; Athanasios Archimandritis; Christos Kosmas; Petros Kopterides; Dimitrios Tsikalakis; Hlias Skopelitis; Fotini Sakelaridi; Nikitas Papadoniou; Michalis Tzivras; Vasilios Balatsos

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To determine the serum levels of c-reactive protein (CRP), transferrin (TRF), a2-macroglobulin (A2M),ceruloplasmin (CER), a1-acid glycoprotein (AAG), prealbumin (P-ALB) and retinol-binding protein (RBP) in gastric carcinoma patients and to explore their possible correlation with underlying Helicobacter pylori (H pylon)infection.METHODS: We measured the serum levels of CRP, TRF,A2M, CER, AAG, P-ALB, and RBP in 153 preoperative patients (93 males; mean age: 63.1±11.3 years) with non-cardia gastric adenocarcinoma and 19 healthy subjects.RESULTS: The levels of CRP, CER, RBP, andAAG in cancer patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls (P<0.0001), while no difference was found regarding the TRF, P-ALB, and A2M levels. Cancer patients with H pylori infection had significantly lower RBP values compared to non-infected ones (P<0.0001)and also higher values of CRP and AAG (P = 0.09 and P = 0.08, respectively).CONCLUSION: High serum levels of CRP, CER and AAG in cancer patients do not seem to be related to H pylori infection. Retinol-binding protein seems to discriminate between infected and non-infected patients with gastric carcinoma. Further studies are needed to explore if it is directly involved in the pathogenesis of the disease or is merely an epiphenomenon.

  2. Expression Profiles of Cellular Retinol-binding Protein, Type II (CRBP II in Erlang Mountainous Chickens

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    H. D. Yin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Cellular retinol-binding protein II (CRBP II belongs to the family of cellular retinol-binding proteins and plays a major role in absorption, transport, and metabolism of vitamin A. In addition, because vitamin A is correlated with reproductive performance, we measured CRBP II mRNA abundance in erlang mountainous chickens by real-time PCR using the relative quantification method. The expression of CRBP II showed a tissue-specific pattern and egg production rate-dependent changes. The expression was very high (p<0.05 in jejunum and liver, intermediate in kidney, ovary, and oviduct, and lowest (p<0.05 in heart, hypothalamus, and pituitary. In the hypothalamus, oviduct, ovary, and pituitary, CRBP II mRNA abundance were correlated to egg production rate, which increased from 12 wk to 32 wk, peaked at 32 wk relative to the other time points, and then decreased from 32 wk to 45 wk. In contrast, the expression of CRBP II mRNA in heart, jejunum, kidney, and liver was not different at any of the ages evaluated in this study. These data may help to understand the genetic basis of vitamin A metabolism, and suggest that CRBP II may be a candidate gene to affect egg production traits in chickens.

  3. The aging changes of the plasma retinol-binding protein 4 levels in elderly essential hypertension patients%老年高血压患者血浆视黄醇结合蛋白的增龄变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹萍; 李睿; 沈丹; 钟亚

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the aging changes of the plasma retinol-binding protein 4(RBP4)levels in elderly essential hypertension patients and to evaluate the influential factors. Methods 275 essential hypertension patients were divided into two groups according to whether complicated by type 2 diabetes mellitus. Fifty healthy persons served as normal control group. Plasma RBP4 levels were determined in the three groups. The relationships of plasma RBP4 levels with the blood pressure,the plasma lipids levels and body mass index were analyzed. The effect of aging in the 275 patients on the plasma RBP4 levels was explored. Results The plasma RBP4 levels were significantly increased both in the pure hypertension group and in the hypertension complicated by type 2 diabetes mellitus group compared with the control group (P<0.01), but there was no statistical difference between the pure hypertension group and the hypertension complicated by type 2 diabetes mellitus group. The level of plasma RBP4 was positively correlated with plasma triglyceride and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (r = 0. 347, r = 0. 229, P < 0.01). However, the level of plasma RBP4 gradually decreased with age in all essential hypertension patients. The age was negatively correlated with the level of plasma RBP4, buttock circumference, body weight, body mass index, diastolic pressure,average arterial pressure, triglyceride and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (P < 0.01). Conclusion There is a phenomenon of insulin resistance which correlates with plasma RBP4 increase in the patients with essential hypertension. The level of plasma RBP4 gradually decreases with age in all essential hypertension patients. It is inferred that the insulin resistance plays a more important part in essential hypertension in young patients than in elderly patients.%目的 探讨老年高血压患者血浆视黄醇结合蛋白(retionl binding protein 4,RBP4)水平的增龄变化及其影响因素.方法 将275例高

  4. Fusion protein of retinol-binding protein and albumin domain III reduces liver fibrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hongsik; Jeong, Hyeyeun; Park, Sangeun; Yoo, Wonbaek; Choi, Soyoung; Choi, Kyungmin; Lee, Min-Goo; Lee, Mihwa; Cha, DaeRyong; Kim, Young-Sik; Han, Jeeyoung; Kim, Wonkon; Park, Sun-Hwa; Oh, Junseo

    2015-06-01

    Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a key role in liver fibrosis, and inactivating HSCs has been considered a promising therapeutic approach. We previously showed that albumin and its derivative designed for stellate cell-targeting, retinol-binding protein-albumin domain III fusion protein (referred to as R-III), inactivate cultured HSCs. Here, we investigated the mechanism of action of albumin/R-III in HSCs and examined the anti-fibrotic potential of R-III in vivo. R-III treatment and albumin expression downregulated retinoic acid (RA) signaling which was involved in HSC activation. RA receptor agonist and retinaldehyde dehydrogenase overexpression abolished the anti-fibrotic effect of R-III and albumin, respectively. R-III uptake into cultured HSCs was significantly decreased by siRNA-STRA6, and injected R-III was localized predominantly in HSCs in liver. Importantly, R-III administration reduced CCl4- and bile duct ligation-induced liver fibrosis. R-III also exhibited a preventive effect against CCl4-inducd liver fibrosis. These findings suggest that the anti-fibrotic effect of albumin/R-III is, at least in part, mediated by downregulation of RA signaling and that R-III is a good candidate as a novel anti-fibrotic drug. © 2015 The Authors. Published under the terms of the CC BY 4.0 license.

  5. Evidence that kidney function but not type 2 diabetes determines retinol-binding protein 4 serum levels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henze, Andrea; Frey, Simone K; Raila, Jens

    2008-01-01

    It has been suggested that retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) links adiposity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. However, circulating RBP4 levels are also affected by kidney function. Therefore, the aim of this study was to test whether RBP4 serum levels are primarily associated with kidney...

  6. Cigarette smoking increases levels of retinol-binding protein-4 in healthy men with normal glucose tolerance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Shan; WANG Yong-hui; LI Ming

    2012-01-01

    Background Smoking is related with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus.Retinol-binding protein-4 is a new adipocytokine associated with insulin resistance.We investigated the serum levels of a series of adipocytokines including retinol-binding protein-4 in smokers and non-smokers to explore the possible roles of adipocytokines on smoking induced insulin resistance.Methods A total of 136 healthy male subjects (92 smokers and 44 non-smokers) with normal glucose tolerance were enrolled in the study.Adipocytokines including retinol-binding protein-4,visfatin,leptin,resistin,adiponectin were measured for the comparison between the two groups.Serum lipid profile,glucose,true insulin and proinsulin levels were measured as well in both groups.Food intake spectrum was also investigated.Results Both groups had similar profile of food consumption; visfatin,leptin,resistin and adiponectin,low-density lipoprotein cholesterol,high-density lipoprotein cholesterol,alanine aminotransferase,aspartate aminotransferase,as well as blood pressure and body mass index,were similar in both groups.Triglycerides,retinol-binding protein-4 and homeostatic model assessment index for insulin resistance were higher in smoker group ((2.58±2.53) vs.(1.60±0.94)mmol/L,(26.05±8.50) vs.(21.83±8.40) μg/ml,and 2.25±2.08 vs.1.58±1.15,respectively).Conclusion Smoking may have effect on insulin sensitivity,which is correlated with retinol-binding protein-4.

  7. Função renal de pacientes de unidade de terapia intensiva: creatinina plasmática e proteína carreadora do retinol urinário Renal function of intensive care unit patients: plasma creatinine and urinary retinol-binding protein

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    Cristina Satoko Mizoi

    2008-12-01

    ário. CONCLUSÃO: A proteina carreadora do retinol urinário, na prática clínica, pode ser considerada um marcador mais apropriado para o diagnóstico em pacientes com risco de desenvolver uma insuficiência renal aguda, quando comparada com outros marcadores usados rotineiramente. Ademais, a proteina carreadora do retinol urinário apresenta outros aspectos de um bom teste diagnóstico - é um método prático e não-invasivo.OBJECTIVES: The early assessment of renal dysfunction using common markers does not provide either a sensitive or specific indication of renal dysfunction in critically ill patients. More specific and sensitive markers are desirable for the early detection of an initial renal pathophysiological process. Urinary retinol-binding protein could be an alternative method to early evaluation of renal function in these patients. METHODS: This study followed-up 100 critical care patients and assessed their clinical and laboratory variables, including plasma creatinine and urinary retinol-binding ratio, and demographic variables. RESULTS: The sample was characterized by geriatric (63.4±15.6 years, male (68%, being 53% surgical patients. Statistical analysis showed association between plasma creatinine and the following variables: gender (p-0.026, age (p-0.038, use of vasoactive drugs (p-0.003, proteinuria (p-0.025, Acute Physiological Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II score (p-0.000, urea (p-0.000, potassium (p-0.003 and estimated creatinine clearance (p-0.000. Urinary retinol-binding protein was correlated with more variables: weight, use of invasive ventilation (p-0.000, use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (p-0.018, use of vasoactive drugs (p-0.021, high temperature (>37.5ºC (p-0.005, proteinuria (p-0.000, bilirubinuria (p-0.004, urinary flow (p-0.019, minimal diastolic pressure (p-0.032, minimal systolic pressure (p-0.029, APACHE II (p-0.000, creatinine (p-0.001, urea (p-0.001, estimated creatinine clearance (p-0.000. Urinary retinol-binding protein

  8. Recombinant fusion protein of albumin-retinol binding protein inactivates stellate cells

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    Choi, Soyoung; Park, Sangeun; Kim, Suhyun [Laboratory of Cellular Oncology, Korea University Graduate School of Medicine, Ansan, Gyeonggi do 425-707 (Korea, Republic of); Lim, Chaeseung [Department of Laboratory Medicine, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul 152-703 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Jungho [Department of Life Science, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742 (Korea, Republic of); Cha, Dae Ryong [Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan, Gyeonggi do 425-020 (Korea, Republic of); Oh, Junseo, E-mail: ohjs@korea.ac.kr [Laboratory of Cellular Oncology, Korea University Graduate School of Medicine, Ansan, Gyeonggi do 425-707 (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-02-03

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We designed novel recombinant albumin-RBP fusion proteins. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Expression of fusion proteins inactivates pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Fusion proteins are successfully internalized into and inactivate PSCs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer RBP moiety mediates cell specific uptake of fusion protein. -- Abstract: Quiescent pancreatic- (PSCs) and hepatic- (HSCs) stellate cells store vitamin A (retinol) in lipid droplets via retinol binding protein (RBP) receptor and, when activated by profibrogenic stimuli, they transform into myofibroblast-like cells which play a key role in the fibrogenesis. Despite extensive investigations, there is, however, currently no appropriate therapy available for tissue fibrosis. We previously showed that the expression of albumin, composed of three homologous domains (I-III), inhibits stellate cell activation, which requires its high-affinity fatty acid-binding sites asymmetrically distributed in domain I and III. To attain stellate cell-specific uptake, albumin (domain I/III) was coupled to RBP; RBP-albumin{sup domain} {sup III} (R-III) and albumin{sup domain} {sup I}-RBP-albumin{sup III} (I-R-III). To assess the biological activity of fusion proteins, cultured PSCs were used. Like wild type albumin, expression of R-III or I-R-III in PSCs after passage 2 (activated PSCs) induced phenotypic reversal from activated to fat-storing cells. On the other hand, R-III and I-R-III, but not albumin, secreted from transfected 293 cells were successfully internalized into and inactivated PSCs. FPLC-purified R-III was found to be internalized into PSCs via caveolae-mediated endocytosis, and its efficient cellular uptake was also observed in HSCs and podocytes among several cell lines tested. Moreover, tissue distribution of intravenously injected R-III was closely similar to that of RBP. Therefore, our data suggest that albumin-RBP fusion protein comprises

  9. Quantitation of the Noncovalent Cellular Retinol-Binding Protein, Type 1 Complex Through Native Mass Spectrometry

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    Li, Wenjing; Yu, Jianshi; Kane, Maureen A.

    2017-01-01

    Native mass spectrometry (MS) has become a valuable tool in probing noncovalent protein-ligand interactions in a sample-efficient way, yet the quantitative application potential of native MS has not been fully explored. Cellular retinol binding protein, type I (CrbpI) chaperones retinol and retinal in the cell, protecting them from nonspecific oxidation and delivering them to biosynthesis enzymes where the bound (holo-) and unbound (apo-) forms of CrbpI exert distinct biological functions. Using nanoelectrospray, we developed a native MS assay for probing apo- and holo-CrbpI abundance to facilitate exploring their biological functions in retinoid metabolism and signaling. The methods were developed on two platforms, an Orbitrap-based Thermo Exactive and a Q-IMS-TOF-based Waters Synapt G2S, where similar ion behaviors under optimized conditions were observed. Overall, our results suggested that within the working range ( 1-10 μM), gas-phase ions in the native state linearly correspond to solution concentration and relative ion intensities of the apo- and holo-protein ions can linearly respond to the solution ratios, suggesting native MS is a viable tool for relative quantitation in this system.

  10. HIV and schistosomiasis in rural Zimbabwe: the association of Retinol-binding protein with disease progression, inflammation and mortality

    OpenAIRE

    Sebastian Ranzi Kotzé; Rutendo Zinyama-Gutsire; Per Kallestrup; Christine Stabell Benn; Exnevia Gomo; Jan Gerstoft; Govert van Dam; Ole Hartvig Mortensen; Henrik Ullum; Christian Erikstrup

    2015-01-01

    Background: Vitamin A has widespread effects on immune function and is therefore interesting in HIV-infection. Retinol-binding protein (RBP or RBP4) is a negative acute-phase protein and a marker of vitamin A status. Our aim was to investigate the association of RBP with HIV progression, infection with schistosomiasis, inflammatory cytokines, and mortality. Methods: The study included 192 HIV-infected and 177 HIV-uninfected individuals from Mupfure in rural Zimbabwe. Of these, 208 were inf...

  11. Lower fetuin-A, retinol binding protein 4 and several metabolites after gastric bypass compared to sleeve gastrectomy in patients with type 2 diabetes.

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    Mia Jüllig

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Bypass of foregut secreted factors promoting insulin resistance is hypothesized to be one of the mechanisms by which resolution of type 2 diabetes (T2D follows roux-en-y gastric bypass (GBP surgery. AIM: To identify insulin resistance-associated proteins and metabolites which decrease more after GBP than after sleeve gastrectomy (SG prior to diabetes remission. METHODS: Fasting plasma from 15 subjects with T2D undergoing GBP or SG was analyzed by proteomic and metabolomic methods 3 days before and 3 days after surgery. Subjects were matched for age, BMI, metformin therapy and glycemic control. Insulin resistance was calculated using homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR. For proteomics, samples were depleted of abundant plasma proteins, digested with trypsin and labeled with iTRAQ isobaric tags prior to liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis. Metabolomic analysis was performed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The effect of the respective bariatric surgery on identified proteins and metabolites was evaluated using two-way analysis of variance and appropriate post-hoc tests. RESULTS: HOMA-IR improved, albeit not significantly, in both groups after surgery. Proteomic analysis yielded seven proteins which decreased significantly after GBP only, including Fetuin-A and Retinol binding protein 4, both previously linked to insulin resistance. Significant decrease in Fetuin-A and Retinol binding protein 4 after GBP was confirmed using ELISA and immunoassay. Metabolomic analysis identified significant decrease of citrate, proline, histidine and decanoic acid specifically after GBP. CONCLUSION: Greater early decrease was seen for Fetuin-A, Retinol binding protein 4, and several metabolites after GBP compared to SG, preceding significant weight loss. This may contribute to enhanced T2D remission observed following foregut bypass procedures.

  12. Urinary retinol binding protein is a marker of the extent of interstitial kidney fibrosis.

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    Nicolas Pallet

    Full Text Available Currently, a non-invasive method to estimate the degree of interstitial fibrosis (IF in chronic kidney disease is not available in routine. The aim of our study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the measurement of urinary low molecular weight (LMW protein concentrations as a method to determine the extent of IF. The urines specimen from 162 consecutive patients who underwent renal biopsy were used in the analysis. Numerical quantification software based on the colorimetric analysis of fibrous areas was used to assess the percentage IF. Total proteinuria, albuminuria, and the urinary levels of retinol binding protein (RBP, alpha1-microglobulin (α1MG, beta 2-microglobulin (β2MG, transferrin, and IgG immunoglobulins were measured. There was a significant correlation between the degree of IF and the RBP/creatinine (creat ratio (R2: 0.11, p25% of the parenchyma was 95% when using a threshold of 20 mg/g creat. In conclusion, RBP appears to be a quantitative and non-invasive marker for the independent prediction of the extent of kidney IF. Because methods for the measurement of urinary RBP are available in most clinical chemistry departments, RBP measurement is appealing for implementation in the routine care of patients with chronic kidney disease.

  13. Epigenetic Silencing of Cellular Retinol-Binding Proteins in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

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    Joseph Kwong

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Aberrant retinoid signaling in human cancers is extending from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Recently, we have demonstrated frequent epigenetic inactivation of a retinoic acid receptor (RAR, RARβ2, in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC. To further explore targets contributing to aberrant retinoid signaling in NPC, the expression of cellular retinol-binding proteins (CRBPs, cellular retinoic acid-binding proteins (CRABPs, RARs, and retinoid X receptors (RXRs was examined. Apart from RARβ2, transcriptional silencing of two CRBPs, CRBPI and CRBPIV, was observed in NPC cell lines and xenografts. Hypermethylation of CRBPI and CRBPIV CpG islands was found to be closely correlated with the loss of expression. Treatment with the DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, 5-aza2'-deoxycytidine, resulted in reexpression of CRBPI and CRBPIV gene expression in NPC cell lines. Both CRBPI and CRBPIV hypermethylations were also observed in 43/48 (87.8% and 26/48 (54.2% primary NPC tumors, respectively. Here, we reported for the first time that CRBPIV was transcriptionally inactivated by promoter hypermethylation in human cancer. Simultaneous methylation of CRBPI, CRBPIV, and RARβ2 was commonly found in NPC primary tumors. Our findings implied that epigenetic disruption of the CRBPs, CRBPI and CRBPIV, is important in NPC tumorigenesis and may contribute to the loss of retinoic acid responsiveness in cancer.

  14. Retinol-binding protein-4 and hs-CRP levels in patients with migraine.

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    Tanik, Nermin; Celikbilek, Asuman; Metin, Aslı; Gocmen, Ayse Yesim; Inan, Levent Ertugrul

    2015-10-01

    Retinol-binding protein-4 (RBP4) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels are associated with inflammation in patients with migraine. The release of proinflammatory cytokines during migraine results in recurrent sterile neurogenic inflammation. This study aimed to determine the correlation between RBP4 and hs-CRP levels, and migraine, which is considered an inflammatory disease. The study included 48 migraine patients and 40 age- and gender-matched controls. Migraine was diagnosed according to International Classification of Headache Disorders-II. The serum RBP4 level was measured using a commercial ELISA kit and hs-CRP was measured using an enzyme immunoassay test kit. The serum RBP4 level was significantly lower in the migraine patients than in the controls (P hs-CRP level was significantly higher in the migraine patients (P hs-CRP levels did not differ between the migraine patients with and without aura (P > 0.05). Migraine headache severity, frequency and duration were not correlated with serum RBP or hs-CRP levels (P > 0.05). The observed high hs-CRP level and low RBP4 level in migraine patients suggest that vitamin A might play a major role in the pathogenesis of migraine. It is known that inflammation is a key factor in many diseases. Additional research might result in a better understanding of the anti-inflammatory effects of vitamin A.

  15. Circulating Retinol-Binding Protein-4 Concentration Might Reflect Insulin Resistance–Associated Iron Overload

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    Fernández-Real, José Manuel; Moreno, José María; Ricart, Wifredo

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVES—The mechanisms behind the association between retinol-binding protein-4 (RBP4) and insulin resistance are not well understood. An interaction between iron and vitamin A status, of which RBP4 is a surrogate, has long been recognized. We hypothesized that iron-associated insulin resistance could be behind the impaired insulin action caused by RBP4. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—Serum ferritin and RBP4 concentration and insulin resistance were evaluated in a sample of middle-aged men (n = 132) and in a replication independent study. Serum RBP4 was also studied before and after iron depletion in patients with type 2 diabetes. Finally, the effect of iron on RBP4 release was evaluated in vitro in adipose tissue. RESULTS—A positive correlation between circulating RBP4 and log serum ferritin (r = 0.35 and r = 0.61, respectively; P diabetic patients (percent mean difference −13.7 [95% CI −25.4 to −2.04]; P = 0.024). The iron donor lactoferrin led to increased dose-dependent adipose tissue release of RBP4 (2.4-fold, P = 0.005) and increased RBP4 expression, while apotransferrin and deferoxamine led to decreased RBP4 release. CONCLUSIONS—The relationship between circulating RBP4 and iron stores, both cross-sectional and after iron depletion, and in vitro findings suggest that iron could play a role in the RBP4–insulin resistance relationship. PMID:18426863

  16. Retinol-binding protein 4 and new adipocytokines in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

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    Tönjes, Anke; Blüher, Matthias; Stumvoll, Michael

    2010-06-01

    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most prevalent causes of hepatic dysfunction and is highly correlated with components of the metabolic syndrome such as obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Among others, nutritional factors, physical inactivity, genetic variants and visceral obesity have been identified as risk parameters for NAFLD. The complex pathophysiology of fatty liver degeneration, however, and especially the interaction between hepatocytes and adipose tissue has not been completely elucidated. Furthermore, it is not entirely understood whether insulin resistance generates fatty liver disease or vice versa. Nevertheless, adipocytokines are likely to be involved in the pathogenesis of NAFLD since they are secreted not only from adipose tissue but also from the liver. For several adipocytokines such as leptin, adiponectin, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) or fetuin-A a crucial role in the development and progression of fatty liver disease has been suggested. It has been accepted that obesity is an independent risk factor for NAFLD. Dysregulation of adipocytokines may represent an important mechanism linking increased fat mass in obesity with the development of fatty liver disease. Here, we discuss the association of RBP4 and other recently discovered adipocytokines and their relation with NAFLD.

  17. Relation between retinol, retinol-binding protein 4, transthyretin and carotid intima media thickness.

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    Bobbert, Thomas; Raila, Jens; Schwarz, Franziska; Mai, Knut; Henze, Andrea; Pfeiffer, Andreas F H; Schweigert, Florian J; Spranger, Joachim

    2010-12-01

    Retinol is transported in a complex with retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) and transthyretin (TTR) in the circulation. While retinol is associated with various cardiovascular risk factors, the relation between retinol, RBP4, TTR and carotid intima media thickness (IMT) has not been analysed yet. Retinol, RBP4 and TTR were measured in 96 individuals and their relation to mean and maximal IMT was determined. Mean IMT correlated with RBP4 (r=0.335, p<0.001), retinol (r=-0.241, p=0.043), RBP/TTR ratio (r=0.254, p=0.025) and retinol/RBP4 ratio (r=-0.549, p<0.001). Adjustment for age, sex, BMI, blood pressure, HDL/total cholesterol ratio, triglyceride, diabetes and smoking revealed that the retinol/RBP4 ratio was strongly and independently associated with mean IMT. Similar results were found for maximal IMT, which included the measurement of plaques. The data support that the transport complex of vitamin A is associated with the IMT, an established parameter of atherosclerosis. Changes in RBP4 saturation with retinol may link renal dysfunction and insulin resistance to atherosclerosis. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Metabolic manifestations of polycystic ovary syndrome in nonobese adolescents: retinol-binding protein 4 and ectopic fat deposition

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    Sopher, Aviva B.; Gerken, Adrienne T.; Blaner, William S.; Root, Jeremy M.; McMahon, Donald J.; Oberfield, Sharon E.

    2013-01-01

    Objective To determine whether nonobese adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have higher levels of retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) and ectopic fat than controls and whether RBP4 and ectopic fat correlate with comorbidities of metabolic disease. Design Cross-sectional case-control study. Setting Pediatric clinical research center based in a quaternary care medical center. Patient(s) Twenty-four nonobese adolescents between the ages of 13 and 21 years, 13 with PCOS and 11 controls. Intervention(s) Measurement of RBP4, insulin resistance, lipids, and body composition. Main Outcome Measure(s) Retinol-binding protein 4, reproductive and adrenal hormones, insulin resistance, intrahepatic and intramyocellular lipid levels, and visceral adipose tissue. Result(s) Adolescents with PCOS had higher intrahepatic lipid content and a statistical trend for higher RBP4 compared with controls. Retinol-binding protein 4 correlated with body fat, triglycerides, insulin resistance, and androgens but not intrahepatic lipid content; however, when adjusted for body fat, the correlation between RBP4 and triglycerides weakened to a statistical trend and was no longer statistically significant for the other measures. Conclusion(s) This small preliminary study of nonobese adolescent girls suggests that RBP4 may be involved in the dyslipidemia associated with PCOS and that there may be an independent relationship between RBP4 and triglycerides but not between RBP4 and insulin resistance. Although intrahepatic lipid content was higher in PCOS, it did not correlate with RBP4, triglycerides, or insulin resistance. PMID:22341881

  19. Expression of Serum Retinol Binding Protein and Transthyretin within Mouse Gastric Ghrelin Cells.

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    Angela K Walker

    Full Text Available Ghrelin is an orexigenic peptide hormone produced mainly by a distinct group of dispersed endocrine cells located within the gastric oxyntic mucosa. Besides secreted gene products derived from the preproghrelin gene, which include acyl-ghrelin, desacyl-ghrelin and obestatin, ghrelin cells also synthesize the secreted protein nesfatin-1. The main goal of the current study was to identify other proteins secreted from ghrelin cells. An initial gene chip screen using mRNAs derived from highly enriched pools of mouse gastric ghrelin cells demonstrated high levels of serum retinol-binding protein (RBP4 and transthyretin (TTR, both of which are known to circulate in the bloodstream bound to each other. This high expression was confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR using as template mRNA derived from the enriched gastric ghrelin cell pools and from two ghrelin-producing cell lines (SG-1 and PG-1. RBP4 protein also was shown to be secreted into the culture medium of ghrelin cell lines. Neither acute nor chronic caloric restriction had a significant effect on RBP4 mRNA levels within stomachs of C57BL/6J mice, although both manipulations significantly decreased stomach TTR mRNA levels. In vitro studies using PG-1 cells showed no effect on RBP4 release of octanoic acid, epinephrine or norepinephrine, all of which are known to act directly on ghrelin cells to stimulate ghrelin secretion. These data provide new insights into ghrelin cell physiology, and given the known functions of RBP4 and TTR, support an emerging role for the ghrelin cell in blood glucose handling and metabolism.

  20. The retinol esterifying enzyme LRAT supports cell signaling by retinol-binding protein and its receptor STRA6.

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    Marwarha, Gurdeep; Berry, Daniel C; Croniger, Colleen M; Noy, Noa

    2014-01-01

    Vitamin A, retinol, circulates in blood bound to retinol-binding protein (RBP). At some tissues, holo-RBP is recognized by a plasma membrane receptor termed STRA6, which serves a dual role: it mediates transport of retinol from RBP into cells, and it functions as a cytokine receptor that, on binding holo-RBP, activates JAK2/STAT5 signaling. As STAT target genes include SOCS3, an inhibitor of insulin receptor, holo-RBP suppresses insulin responses in STRA6-expressing cells. We have shown previously that the two functions of STRA6 are interdependent. These observations suggest factors that regulate STRA6-mediated retinol transport may also control STRA6-mediated cell signaling. One such factor is retinol metabolism, which enables cellular uptake of retinol by maintaining an inward-directed concentration gradient. We show here that lecithin:retinol acyl transferase (LRAT), which catalyzes esterification of retinol to its storage species retinyl esters, is necessary for activation of the STRA6/JAK2/STAT5 cascade by holo-RBP. In accordance, LRAT-null mice are protected from holo-RBP-induced suppression of insulin responses. Hence, STRA6 signaling, which requires STRA6-mediated retinol transport, is supported by LRAT-catalyzed retinol metabolism. The observations demonstrate that STRA6 regulates key cellular processes by coupling circulating holo-RBP levels and intracellular retinol metabolism to cell signaling.

  1. Cellular retinol binding protein 1 could be a tumor suppressor gene in cervical cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendoza-Rodriguez, Mónica; Arreola, Hugo; Valdivia, Alejandra; Peralta, Raúl; Serna, Humberto; Villegas, Vanessa; Romero, Pablo; Alvarado-Hernández, Beatriz; Paniagua, Lucero; Marrero-Rodríguez, Daniel; Meraz, Marco A; Salcedo, Mauricio

    2013-01-01

    Aims: Cervical Cancer (CC) is one of the most important health problems in women. It frequently presents genetic changes at chromosome region 3q21. This region contains the Cellular Retinol Binding Protein 1 gene (CRBP1) which has been implicated as an important element in the development of other types of cancer. The main goal of the present work was to determine the molecular alterations of CRBP1 and its relationship to CC. Methods: To determine the molecular alterations of CRBP1 gene in CC; twenty-six CC and twenty-six healthy cervix samples were evaluated for: 1) Copy number gain by real-time PCR analysis, 2) expression levels by an immunohistochemistry assay on tissue microarray, and 3) the methylation status of the CRBP1 promoter region. Results: The increase in CRBP1 copy number was observed in 10 out of the 26 CC samples analyzed, while healthy cervices samples showed no changes in the copy number. In addition, there was a lack of expression of the CRBP1 gene in an important number of the CC samples (17/26), and the CRBP1 gene promoter was methylated in 15/26 of the CC samples. Interestingly, there was a significant association between the lack of expression of the CRBP1 gene and its methylation status. Conclusions: The data indicates that, both activating and inactivating changes in the CRBP1 gene could be significant events in the development and progression of CC, and the lack of expression of the CRBP1 protein could be related with to the development of CC. We believe that there is enough evidence to consider to CRBP1 gene as a tumor suppressor gene for CC. PMID:24040446

  2. Retinol binding protein 4 concentrations relate to enhanced atherosclerosis in obese patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

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    Patrick H Dessein

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP enhances metabolic risk and atherogenesis. Whether RBP4 contributes to cardiovascular risk in rheumatoid arthritis (RA is unknown. METHODS: We assessed RBP4 concentrations and those of endothelial activation molecules including E-selectin, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 by ELISA, and the common carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT and carotid artery plaque by ultrasound in 217 (112 black and 105 white patients with RA. Relationships were identified in potential confounder and mediator adjusted mixed regression models. RESULTS: RBP4 concentrations were associated with systolic and mean blood pressure, and those of glucose and E-selectin (partial R = -0.207 (p = 0.003, -0.195 (p = 0.006, -0.155 (p = 0.03 and -0.191 (p = 0.007, respectively in all patients; these RBP4-cardiovascular risk relations were mostly reproduced in patients with but not without adverse traditional or non-traditional cardiovascular risk profiles. RBP4 concentrations were not associated with atherosclerosis in all patients, but related independently to cIMT (partial R = 0.297, p = 0.03 and plaque (OR (95%CI = 2.95 (1.31-6.68, p = 0.008 in those with generalized obesity, as well as with plaque in those with abdominal obesity (OR (95%CI  = 1.95 (1.12-3.42, p = 0.01. CONCLUSION: In the present study, RBP4 concentrations were inversely associated with metabolic risk and endothelial activation in RA. This requires further investigation. RBP4 concentrations were related to enhanced atherosclerosis in patients with generalized or/and abdominal obesity.

  3. Waist Circumference was Positively Correlated with Chemerin, Retinol-Binding Protein 4 and hsCRP

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    Lucia Herminawati

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Central obesity is associated with various chronic metabolic disorders characterized by abnormal cytokine production, increased acute phase reactants, and activation of inflammatory signaling pathways. This study was aimed to investigate the association of waist circumference, chemerin, and retinol binding protein (RBP-4 with inflammation in men with central obesity. METHODS: The research was conducted with a crosssectional design involving 68 centrally obese male subjects aged 30 to 60 years old, with waist circumference (WC >90 cm. All subjects fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Anthropometric parameters, fasting glucose, creatinine, SGOT, SGPT, and hsCRP were measured. Serum concentrations of chemerin and RBP4 were measured by ELISA. RESULTS: The trend lines showed that chemerin, RBP4 and hsCRP increased with WC. Pearson correlation test showed a positively significant correlation between WC and hsCRP (r=0.242, p<0.05; and also between chemerin and hsCRP (r=0.244, p<0.05 and RBP4 (r=0.321, p<0.01. Subjects were stratified into four groups based on their chemerin and RBP4 levels (high chemerin/high RBP4, high chemerin/low RBP4, low chemerin/high RBP4, or low chemerin/low RBP4. Subjects who were in the high chemerin/low RBP4 group were more likely to have high level of inflammation (47.6%, but subjects with high chemerin/high RBP4 showed low level of inflammation (42.9% as compared with the other three groups. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that increased WC was correlated with elevated levels of chemerin, RBP4 and hsCRP. High chemerin was correlated with increased level of RBP4 as well as with high level of inflammation. KEYWORDS: waist circumference, chemerin, RBP4, hsCRP, inflammation.

  4. Relationship between Plasma Retinol-binding Protein 4 and Intima-media Thickness of Common Iliac Artery in Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetics%新诊T2DM患者血浆RBP4与髂动脉内中膜厚度的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟慧; 漆辉洲; 游咏; 陈雯; 冯聚玲; 谢娟; 李熠

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the relationship between the concentration of plasma retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) and intima-media thickness of common iliac artery (CIA-IMT) in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic (T2DM) patients. Methods There were 180 newly diagnosed T2DM patients in study. Their plasma retinol-binding protein 4 level and other clinic index were tested. The patients were divided into three groups based on the concentrations of RBP4 to compare their CIA-IMT. The relevance of RBP4 and other parameters were analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis. Results CIA-IMT of RBP4 high tertile group was significantly thicker than other groups ( P<0.05). It is showed by Pearson correlation analysis that the concentration of RBP4 in T2DM patients is positively correlated with BMI, FBS, PBS, FINS and HOMA-IR.Conclusion CIA-IMT in newly diagnosed T2DM patients is closely correlated with plasma RBP4 levels.%目的:探讨新诊2型糖尿病(T2DM)患者血浆视黄醇结合蛋白4(RBP4)与髂动脉内中膜厚度(CIA-IMT)的关系。方法180例新诊T2DM患者测定血浆RBP4浓度、血糖、糖化血红蛋白(HbA1c)、血脂、胰岛素(FINS)及CIA-IMT,根据RBP4浓度由低到高按三分位法将180例患者分为三组,比较其CIA-IMT;用Pearson相关分析分析RBP4与其他指标的相关性。结果T2DM患者RBP4上三分位组CIA-IMT比其余两组增厚,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);Pearson相关分析显示T2DM患者血浆RBP4与BMI、FBS、PBS、FINS及HOMA-IR呈正相关。结论新诊T2DM患者的血浆RBP4水平与CIA-IMT密切相关。

  5. 短期膳食赖氨酸摄入量对健康青年男性血浆PA、RBP水平的影响及意义%Effect of different dietary lysine intakes on the plasma prealbumin and retinol-binding protein levels of healthy male youths in short period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田颖; 彭景; 陈玉; 李哲光; 龚君俊; 丰晔; 陈俊

    2012-01-01

    Objective To provide evidence to establish the lysine reference intakes for different population. Methods Seven healthy young men were selected as subjects. Five dietary lysine intakes of 25 , 35 , 45, 55 , 65 mg/( kg · d) were given to subjects from high to low every week by turns. From the 1st day to the 6th day of each experiment week were adaptation days, and the 7 th day was blood sample collection day. Plasma prealbumin and retinol-binding protein levels were detected by ELISA method. Results The actual dietary lysine intakes were 26, 41, 49, 63, 77 mg/( kg · d). There were no significant differences between the five experimental results and the results before the experiment. Conclusion There is no effect of dietary lysine intakes between 26 to 77 mg/ ( kg · d ) on the plasma prealbumin and retinol-binding protein levels of healthy young male subjects in seven days.%目的 为确定健康人群赖氨酸需要量提供理论依据.方法 选取7例健康青年男性作为研究对象,设定25、35、45、55、65mg/(kg·d)5个膳食赖氨酸水平,由高到低依次给予,每周1个剂量,共5周;每周的第1~6天为适应期,第7天采集受试者静脉血,采用ELISA法检测血浆前白蛋白(PA)、视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP)水平.结果 膳食赖氨酸的实际摄入量为26、41、49、63、77 mg/(kg·d),与实验前相比,摄入5个膳食赖氨酸水平者PA、RBP变化无统计学意义.结论 健康青年男性7天膳食赖氨酸摄入量为26 ~77 mg/(kg·d)不会对血浆PA、RBP水平造成影响.

  6. Retinol-binding protein 4 in twins: regulatory mechanisms and impact of circulating and tissue expression levels on insulin secretion and action

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ribel-Madsen, Rasmus; Friedrichsen, Martin; Vaag, Allan

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Retinol-binding protein (RBP) 4 is an adipokine of which plasma levels are elevated in obesity and type 2 diabetes. The aims of the study were to identify determinants of plasma RBP4 and RBP4 mRNA expression in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and skeletal muscle and to investigate...... expression was not associated with circulatory RBP4. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, our data indicate that RBP4 levels in plasma, skeletal muscle, and fat may be linked to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes in a secondary and noncausal manner....... the association between RBP4 and in vivo measures of glucose metabolism. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The study population included 298 elderly twins (aged 62-83 years), with glucose tolerance ranging from normal to overt type 2 diabetes, and 178 young (aged 25-32 years) and elderly (aged 58-66 years) nondiabetic...

  7. Relation of Absolute or Relative Adiposity to Insulin Resistance, Retinol Binding Protein-4, Leptin, and Adiponectin in Type 2 Diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    You Lim Kim

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundCentral fat mass (CFM correlates with insulin resistance and increases the risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular complications; however, peripheral fat mass (PFM is associated with insulin sensitivity. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation of absolute and relative regional adiposity to insulin resistance index and adipokines in type 2 diabetes.MethodsTotal of 83 overweighted-Korean women with type 2 diabetes were enrolled, and rate constants for plasma glucose disappearance (KITT and serum adipokines, such as retinol binding protein-4 (RBP4, leptin, and adiponectin, were measured. Using dual X-ray absorptiometry, trunk fat mass (in kilograms was defined as CFM, sum of fat mass on the lower extremities (in kilograms as PFM, and sum of CFM and PFM as total fat mass (TFM. PFM/TFM ratio, CFM/TFM ratio, and PFM/CFM ratio were defined as relative adiposity.ResultsMedian age was 55.9 years, mean body mass index 27.2 kg/m2, and mean HbA1c level 7.12±0.84%. KITT was positively associated with PMF/TFM ratio, PMF/CFM ratio, and negatively with CFM/TFM ratio, but was not associated with TFM, PFM, or CFM. RBP4 levels also had a significant relationship with PMF/TFM ratio and PMF/CFM ratio. Adiponectin, leptin, and apolipoprotein A levels were related to absolute adiposity, while only adiponectin to relative adiposity. In correlation analysis, KITT in type 2 diabetes was positively related with HbA1c, fasting glucose, RBP4, and free fatty acid.ConclusionThese results suggest that increased relative amount of peripheral fat mass may aggravate insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes.

  8. Effect of antihypertensive drugs on plasma adiponection and retinol binding protein 4 in elderly patients with essential hypertension%降压药物对老年高血压患者血浆脂联素和视黄醛结合蛋白4含量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹萍; 沈丹; 钟亚; 李睿

    2013-01-01

    目的 观察老年高血压患者应用氨氯地平、培哚普利、缬沙坦3种药物降压治疗前后的血浆脂联素和血浆视黄醛结合蛋白含量的变化. 方法 选择2007年3月至2010年7月年在我院住院的老年高血压患者238例,完成研究1 93例,数字抽签随机分为3组,分别用氨氯地平、培哚普利、缬沙坦治疗,1 2周后观察血压、心率、身高、体质量、腹围、腰围、血脂、血浆脂联素及视黄醛结合蛋白水平等改变. 结果 氨氯地平组、培哚普利组、缬沙坦组治疗后血压均较治疗前下降(均P<0.01);治疗后3组血压比较,差异无统计学意义(均P>0.05).治疗前、后血浆脂联素水平培哚普利组(7.4±1.8)μg/L与(8.3±1.8)μg/L、缬沙坦组(7.5±1.7)μg/L与(8.4±1.9)μg/L较治疗前升高(均P<0.01);治疗后培哚普利组、缬沙坦组血浆脂联素水平高于氨氯地平组(7.6±1.8)μg/L(均P<0.05).治疗后培哚普利组、缬沙坦组血浆视黄醛结合蛋白水平较治疗前降低(P<0.01).氨氯地平组较治疗前血浆视黄醛结合蛋白水平降低,但差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).血浆视黄醛结合蛋白水平治疗后培哚普利组(36.6±14.2) mg/L、缬沙坦组(36.3±14.1)mg/L低于氨氯地平组(42.7±13.8)mg/L,差异有统计学意义(均P<0.01). 结论 培哚普利、缬沙坦能提高老年高血压病患者血浆脂联素水平,降低血浆视黄醛结合蛋白水平,从而起到降压作用以外的心血管保护作用.%Objective To explore the effects of amlodipine,perindopril and valsartan on plasma adiponectin and retinol binding protein 4 in elderly patients with essential hypertension.Methods From March 2007 to July 2010,238 elderly patients with essential hypertension were selected and 193 cases completed this study.Patients were randomly divided into 3 groups:amlodipine group (n=68),perindoprilgroup (n=60) and valsartan group (n=65).Patients in each group were treated with amlodipine

  9. Isoforms of retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) are increased in chronic diseases of the kidney but not of the liver

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frey, Simone K; Nagl, Britta; Henze, Andrea

    2008-01-01

    The levels of retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) - the carrier protein for Vitamin A in plasma - are tightly regulated under healthy circumstances. The kidney, the main site of RBP4 catabolism, contributes to an elevation of RBP4 levels during chronic kidney disease (CKD) whereas during chronic liver...... disease (CLD) RBP4 levels decrease. Little is known about RBP4 isoforms including apo-RBP4, holo-RBP4 as well as RBP4 truncated at the C-terminus (RBP4-L and RBP4-LL) except that RBP4 isoforms have been reported to be increased in hemodialysis patients. Since it is not known whether CLD influence RBP4...

  10. Rescue of retinal morphology and function in a humanized mouse at the mouse retinol-binding protein locus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Li; Suzuki, Tomohiro; Shen, Jingling; Wakana, Shigeharu; Araki, Kimi; Yamamura, Ken-Ichi; Lei, Lei; Li, Zhenghua

    2017-01-30

    Retinol-binding protein RBP4 is the specific carrier for retinol in the blood. We previously produced a Rbp4-deficient (Rbp4(-/-)) mouse that showed electroretinogram (ERG) abnormalities, accompanied by histological and electron-microscopic changes such as fewer synapses in the inner plexiform layer in the central retina. To address whether human RBP4 gene expression can rescue the phenotypes observed in Rbp4(-/-) mice, we produced a humanized (Rbp4(hRBP4orf/ hRBP4orf)) mouse with a human RBP4 open reading frame in the mouse Rbp4 locus using a Cre-mutant lox recombination system. In Rbp4(hRBP4orf/hRBP4orf) mice, the tissue-specific expression pattern of hRBP4orf was roughly the same as that of mouse Rbp4. ERG and morphological abnormalities observed in Rbp4(-/-) mice were rescued in Rbp4(hRBP4orf/hRBP4orf) mice as early as 7 weeks of age. The temporal expression pattern of hRBP4orf in the liver of Rbp4(hRBP4orf/hRBP4orf) mice was similar to that of mouse Rbp4 in Rbp4(+/+)mice. In contrast, hRBP4orf expression levels in eyes were significantly lower at 6 and 12 weeks of age compared with mouse Rbp4 but were restored to the control levels at 24 weeks. The serum hRBP4 levels in Rbp4(hRBP4orf/hRBP4orf) mice were approximately 30% of those in Rbp4(+/+) at all ages examined. In accordance with this finding, the plasma retinol levels remained low in Rbp4(hRBP4orf/hRBP4orf) mice. Retinol accumulation in the liver occurred in control and Rbp4(hRBP4orf/hRBP4orf) mice but was higher in Rbp4(hRBP4orf/hRBP4orf) mice at 30 weeks of age. Mouse transthyretin expression was not altered in Rbp4(-/-) or Rbp4(hRBP4orf/hRBP4orf) mice. Taken together, 30% of the serum RBP4 level was sufficient to correct the abnormal phenotypes observed in Rbp4(-/-) mice.Laboratory Investigation advance online publication, 30 January 2017; doi:10.1038/labinvest.2016.156.

  11. Pioglitazone Lowers Serum Retinol Binding Protein 4 by Suppressing its Expression in Adipose Tissue of Obese Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaoyu Zhu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aims: Pioglitazone, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ activator, is clinically used to treat insulin resistance. However, the underlying mechanism of pioglitazone's action remains unclear. We investigated whether, and how, pioglitazone modulates serum level of retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4, an adipocytokine associated with obesity and insulin resistance. Methods: Insulin sensitivity was determined by oral glucose tolerance test, and RBP4 expression was detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting. Results: Pioglitazone treatment significantly decreased serum RBP4 levels in obese rats, which was correlated with reduced body weight and increased insulin sensitivity. Moreover, pioglitazone greatly decreased RBP4 mRNA and protein levels in adipose tissue but not in the liver. Consistently, pioglitazone treatment significantly reduced RBP4 protein expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes but not in HepG2 cells. Conclusion: These results demonstrate that pioglitazone inhibits the level of serum RPB4 by suppressing RBP4 expression in adipose tissue of obese rats, suggesting that inhibiting RBP4 expression in adipocytes may provide a mechanism by which pioglitazone improves insulin sensitivity in insulin-resistant subjects.

  12. Retinol Binding Protein 4 in children with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: a negative correlation with the disease activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roma, E; Krini, M; Hantzi, E; Sakka, S; Panayiotou, I; Margeli, A; Papassotiriou, I; Kanaka-Gantenbein, C

    2012-10-01

    Retinol Binding Protein-4 (RBP-4), the action of which was initially thought to be only the transport of vitamin A, is a major circulating adipocytokine involved in the inflammation. We evaluated the serum RBP-4 levels in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and correlated them with transthyretin (TTR), inflammation markers, disease activity, and body mass index (BMI). In 41 children of mean age 11.9 ± 3.6 years (range 5-17.7 y) with IBD (19 with Crohn's disease (CD) and 22 with Ulcerative colitis (UC) serum RBP-4, TTR, Amyloid A (SAA), C-Reactive Protein (CRP), Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), disease activity and BMI were prospectively determined and compared with those of 42 matched controls. No difference in the RBP-4 and TTR serum levels, between patients and controls as well as between active and remission state of the disease was noticed. A negative correlation of serum RBP-4 with the disease activity, SAA and ESR and a positive correlation with TTR was found, but no significant correlation with CRP or BMI was found. Inflammation markers were significantly increased in patients compared to controls and had a positive correlation with the disease activity. RBP-4 negatively correlated with disease activity of children with IBD probably indicating a protective anti-inflammatory mechanism of action in addition to transport of vitamin A.

  13. Signaling by vitamin A and retinol-binding protein in regulation of insulin responses and lipid homeostasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Daniel C; Noy, Noa

    2012-01-01

    Vitamin A, retinol, circulates in blood bound to serum retinol binding protein (RBP) and is transported into cells by a membrane protein termed stimulated by retinoic acid 6 (STRA6). It was reported that serum levels of RBP are elevated in obese rodents and humans, and that increased level of RBP in blood causes insulin resistance. A molecular mechanism by which RBP can exert such an effect is suggested by the recent discovery that STRA6 is not only a vitamin A transporter but also functions as a surface signaling receptor. Binding of RBP-ROH to STRA6 induces the phosphorylation of a tyrosine residue in the receptor C-terminus, thereby activating a JAK/STAT signaling cascade. Consequently, in STRA6-expressing cells such as adipocytes, RBP-ROH induces the expression of STAT target genes, including SOCS3, which suppresses insulin signaling, and PPARγ, which enhances lipid accumulation. RBP-retinol thus joins the myriad of cytokines, growth factors and hormones which regulate gene transcription by activating cell surface receptors that signal through activation of Janus kinases and their associated transcription factors STATs. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Retinoid and Lipid Metabolism.

  14. A Comparison of the Effects of Aerobic and Intense Exercise on the Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Risk Marker Adipokines, Adiponectin and Retinol Binding Protein-4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amy Phillips

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available With a more sedentary population comes growing rates of obesity and increased type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM risk. Exercise generally induces positive changes in traditional T2DM risk markers such as lipids, glucose tolerance, and insulin sensitivity; however alterations in concentrations of many circulating cytokines and their respective receptors are also becoming apparent. These cytokines may be early-response health risk factors otherwise overlooked in traditional T2DM risk marker analysis. Plasma levels of two adipocyte-originating cytokines, adiponectin and retinol binding protein 4 (RBP-4, alter following exercise. Adiponectin has anti-inflammatory, anti-atherosclerotic, and anti-insulin resistance roles and its secretion increases with physical activity, whilst elevated RBP-4 leads to increased insulin resistance, and secretion decreases with increasing physical activity; thus these plasma adipokine levels alter favourably following exercise. Although current data are limited, they do suggest that the more intense the exercise, the greater the positive effect on plasma RBP-4 levels, whilst lower intensity aerobic exercise may positively improve adiponectin concentrations. Therefore short-duration, high intensity training may provide a time-efficient alternative to the recommended 150 min moderate aerobic exercise per week in providing positive changes in RBP-4 and other traditional T2DM risk markers and due to increased compliance give greater health benefits over the longer term.

  15. Peroxidation stimulated by lipid hydroperoxides on bovine retinal pigment epithelium mitochondria: effect of cellular retinol-binding protein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terrasa, Ana M; Guajardo, Margarita H; Catalá, Angel

    2003-07-01

    This study analyzes the effect of cellular retinol-binding protein (CRBP), partially purified from retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cytosol, on the non-enzymatic lipid peroxidation induced by fatty acid hydroperoxides of mitochondrial membranes isolated from bovine RPE. The effect of different amounts (50, 75 and 100 nmol) of linoleic acid hydroperoxide (LHP), arachidonic acid hydroperoxide (AHP) and docosahexaenoic acid hydroperoxide (DHP) on the lipid peroxidation of RPE mitochondria was studied; RPE mitochondria deprived of exogenously added hydroperoxide was utilized as control. The process was measured simultaneously by determining chemiluminescence as well as polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) degradation of total lipids isolated from RPE mitochondria. The addition of hydroperoxides to RPE mitochondria produces a marked increase in light emission that was hydroperoxide concentration dependent. The highest value of activation was produced by LHP. The major difference in the fatty acid composition of total lipids isolated from native and peroxidized RPE mitochondria incubated with and without hydroperoxides was found in the docosahexaenoic acid content, this decreased 40.90+/-3.01% in the peroxidized group compared to native RPE mitochondria. The decrease was significantly high: 86.32+/-2.57% when the lipid peroxidation was stimulated by 100 nmol of LHP. Inhibition of lipid peroxidation (decrease of chemiluminescence) was observed with the addition of increasing amounts (100-600 microg) of CRBP to RPE mitochondria. The inhibitory effect reaches the highest values in the presence of LHP.

  16. Lecithin:retinol acyltransferase is critical for cellular uptake of vitamin A from serum retinol-binding protein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amengual, Jaume; Golczak, Marcin; Palczewski, Krzysztof; von Lintig, Johannes

    2012-07-13

    Vitamin A (all-trans-retinol) must be adequately distributed within the mammalian body to produce visual chromophore in the eyes and all-trans-retinoic acid in other tissues. Vitamin A is transported in the blood bound to retinol-binding protein (holo-RBP), and its target cells express an RBP receptor encoded by the Stra6 (stimulated by retinoic acid 6) gene. Here we show in mice that cellular uptake of vitamin A from holo-RBP depends on functional coupling of STRA6 with intracellular lecithin:retinol acyltransferase (LRAT). Thus, vitamin A uptake from recombinant holo-RBP exhibited by wild type mice was impaired in Lrat(-/-) mice. We further provide evidence that vitamin A uptake is regulated by all-trans-retinoic acid in non-ocular tissues of mice. When in excess, vitamin A was rapidly taken up and converted to its inert ester form in peripheral tissues, such as lung, whereas in vitamin A deficiency, ocular retinoid uptake was favored. Finally, we show that the drug fenretinide, used clinically to presumably lower blood RBP levels and thus decrease circulating retinol, targets the functional coupling of STRA6 and LRAT to increase cellular vitamin A uptake in peripheral tissues. These studies provide mechanistic insights into how vitamin A is distributed to peripheral tissues in a regulated manner and identify LRAT as a critical component of this process.

  17. Structure and cell-specific expression of a cloned human retinol binding protein gene: the 5'-flanking region contains hepatoma specific transcriptional signals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Onofrio, C; Colantuoni, V; Cortese, R

    1985-08-01

    Human plasma retinol binding protein (RBP) is coded by a single gene and is specifically synthesized in the liver. We have characterized a lambda clone, from a human DNA library, carrying the gene coding for plasma RBP. Southern blot analysis and DNA sequencing show that the gene is composed of six exons and five introns. Primer elongation and S1 mapping experiments allowed the definition of the initiation of transcription and the identification of the putative promoter. The 5'-flanking region of the RBP gene was fused upstream to the coding sequence of the bacterial enzyme chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT): the chimeric gene was introduced, by calcium phosphate precipitation, into the human hepatoma cell line Hep G2 and into HeLa cells. Efficient expression of CAT was obtained only in Hep G2. Primer elongation analysis of the RNA extracted from transfected Hep G2 showed that initiation of transcription of the transfected chimeric gene occurs at a position identical to that of the natural gene. Transcriptional analysis of Bal31 deletions from the 3' end of the RBP 5'-flanking DNA allowed the identification of the RBP gene promoter.

  18. Research Progress in Function of Retinol Binding Protein4 on Insulin Resistance Formation and Effects of Exercise on Retinol Binding Protein4%视黄醇结合蛋白4在胰岛素抵抗形成中的作用及其与运动关系的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明军

    2012-01-01

    This paper summarizes the function of retinol binding protein 4 on insulin resistance formation and effects of exercise on retinol binding protein 4. RBP4 is an adipocyte - derived ' signal' that may contribute to the relationship between insulin resistance and obesity,type 2 diabetes. Retinol binding protein4 genetic polymorphism is relevant to insulin resistance formation too. Retinol binding protein4 could induce insulin resistance by suppression insulin signal protein. Exercise decreases retinol binding protein 4 level of normal subjects, obesity, and type 2 diabetes to improve insulin resistance.%对视黄醇结合蛋白4在胰岛素抵抗形成中的作用及其与运动关系的研究进展进行了综述研究。视黄醇结合蛋白4是将肥胖、2型糖尿病胰岛素抵抗联系起来的脂肪因子,视黄醇结合蛋白4遗传多态性亦与胰岛素抵抗的发生关系密切。视黄醇结合蛋白4能够通过抑制胰岛素信号蛋白诱导胰岛素抵抗。运动能够降低正常体重、肥胖、2型糖尿病对象的视黄醇结合蛋白4,改善胰岛素抵抗。

  19. The STRA6 receptor is essential for retinol-binding protein-induced insulin resistance but not for maintaining vitamin A homeostasis in tissues other than the eye.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Daniel C; Jacobs, Hugues; Marwarha, Gurdeep; Gely-Pernot, Aurore; O'Byrne, Sheila M; DeSantis, David; Klopfenstein, Muriel; Feret, Betty; Dennefeld, Christine; Blaner, William S; Croniger, Colleen M; Mark, Manuel; Noy, Noa; Ghyselinck, Norbert B

    2013-08-23

    The plasma membrane protein STRA6 is thought to mediate uptake of retinol from its blood carrier retinol-binding protein (RBP) into cells and to function as a surface receptor that, upon binding of holo-RBP, activates a JAK/STAT cascade. It was suggested that STRA6 signaling underlies insulin resistance induced by elevated serum levels of RBP in obese animals. To investigate these activities in vivo, we generated and analyzed Stra6-null mice. We show that the contribution of STRA6 to retinol uptake by tissues in vivo is small and that, with the exception of the eye, ablation of Stra6 has only a modest effect on retinoid homeostasis and does not impair physiological functions that critically depend on retinoic acid in the embryo or in the adult. However, ablation of Stra6 effectively protects mice from RBP-induced suppression of insulin signaling. Thus one biological function of STRA6 in tissues other than the eye appears to be the coupling of circulating holo-RBP levels to cell signaling, in turn regulating key processes such as insulin response.

  20. Design, synthesis, and evaluation of nonretinoid retinol binding protein 4 antagonists for the potential treatment of atrophic age-related macular degeneration and Stargardt disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cioffi, Christopher L; Dobri, Nicoleta; Freeman, Emily E; Conlon, Michael P; Chen, Ping; Stafford, Douglas G; Schwarz, Daniel M C; Golden, Kathy C; Zhu, Lei; Kitchen, Douglas B; Barnes, Keith D; Racz, Boglarka; Qin, Qiong; Michelotti, Enrique; Cywin, Charles L; Martin, William H; Pearson, Paul G; Johnson, Graham; Petrukhin, Konstantin

    2014-09-25

    Accumulation of lipofuscin in the retina is associated with pathogenesis of atrophic age-related macular degeneration and Stargardt disease. Lipofuscin bisretinoids (exemplified by N-retinylidene-N-retinylethanolamine) seem to mediate lipofuscin toxicity. Synthesis of lipofuscin bisretinoids depends on the influx of retinol from serum to the retina. Compounds antagonizing the retinol-dependent interaction of retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) with transthyretin in the serum would reduce serum RBP4 and retinol and inhibit bisretinoid formation. We recently showed that A1120 (3), a potent carboxylic acid based RBP4 antagonist, can significantly reduce lipofuscin bisretinoid formation in the retinas of Abca4(-/-) mice. As part of the NIH Blueprint Neurotherapeutics Network project we undertook the in vitro exploration to identify novel conformationally flexible and constrained RBP4 antagonists with improved potency and metabolic stability. We also demonstrate that upon acute and chronic dosing in rats, 43, a potent cyclopentyl fused pyrrolidine antagonist, reduced circulating plasma RBP4 protein levels by approximately 60%.

  1. Deletion of the Androgen Receptor in Adipose Tissue in Male Mice Elevates Retinol Binding Protein 4 and Reveals Independent Effects on Visceral Fat Mass and on Glucose Homeostasis

    Science.gov (United States)

    McInnes, Kerry J.; Smith, Lee B.; Hunger, Nicole I.; Saunders, Philippa T.K.; Andrew, Ruth; Walker, Brian R.

    2012-01-01

    Testosterone deficiency is epidemic in obese ageing males with type 2 diabetes, but the direction of causality remains unclear. Testosterone-deficient males and global androgen receptor (AR) knockout mice are insulin resistant with increased fat, but it is unclear whether AR signaling in adipose tissue mediates body fat redistribution and alters glucose homoeostasis. To investigate this, mice with selective knockdown of AR in adipocytes (fARKO) were generated. Male fARKO mice on normal diet had reduced perigonadal fat but were hyperinsulinemic and by age 12 months, were insulin deficient in the absence of obesity. On high-fat diet, fARKO mice had impaired compensatory insulin secretion and hyperglycemia, with increased susceptibility to visceral obesity. Adipokine screening in fARKO mice revealed a selective increase in plasma and intra-adipose retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) that preceded obesity. AR activation in murine 3T3 adipocytes downregulated RBP4 mRNA. We conclude that AR signaling in adipocytes not only protects against high-fat diet–induced visceral obesity but also regulates insulin action and glucose homeostasis, independently of adiposity. Androgen deficiency in adipocytes in mice resembles human type 2 diabetes, with early insulin resistance and evolving insulin deficiency. PMID:22415878

  2. Adjusting retinol-binding protein concentrations for inflammation: Biomarkers Reflecting Inflammation and Nutritional Determinants of Anemia (BRINDA) project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, Leila M; Namaste, Sorrel Ml; Williams, Anne M; Engle-Stone, Reina; Addo, O Yaw; Suchdev, Parminder S; Wirth, James P; Temple, Victor; Serdula, Mary; Northrop-Clewes, Christine A

    2017-07-01

    Background: The accurate estimation of the prevalence of vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is important in planning and implementing interventions. Retinol-binding protein (RBP) is often used in population surveys to measure vitamin A status, but its interpretation is challenging in settings where inflammation is common because RBP concentrations decrease during the acute-phase response.Objectives: We aimed to assess the relation between RBP concentrations and inflammation and malaria in preschool children (PSC) (age range: 6-59 mo) and women of reproductive age (WRA) (age range: 15-49 y) and to investigate adjustment algorithms to account for these effects.Design: Cross-sectional data from 8 surveys for PSC (n = 8803) and 4 surveys for WRA (n = 4191) from the Biomarkers Reflecting Inflammation and Nutritional Determinants of Anemia (BRINDA) project were analyzed individually and combined with the use of a meta-analysis. Several approaches were explored to adjust RBP concentrations in PSC in inflammation and malaria settings as follows: 1) the exclusion of subjects with C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations >5 mg/L or α-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) concentrations >1 g/L, 2) the application of arithmetic correction factors, and 3) the use of a regression correction approach. The impact of adjustment on the estimated prevalence of VAD (defined as inflammation. Depending on the approach used to adjust for inflammation (CRP+AGP), the estimated prevalence of VAD decreased by a median of 11-18 percentage points in PSC compared with unadjusted values. There was no added effect of adjusting for malaria on the estimated VAD after adjusting for CRP and AGP.Conclusions: The use of regression correction (derived from internal data), which accounts for the severity of inflammation, to estimate the prevalence of VAD in PSC in regions with inflammation and malaria is supported by the analysis of the BRINDA data. These findings contribute to the evidence on adjusting for inflammation

  3. Elevated serum triglyceride and retinol-binding protein 4 levels associated with fructose-sweetened beverages in adolescents.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Te-Fu Chan

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The metabolic effect of fructose in sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB has been linked to de novo lipogenesis and uric acid (UA production. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the biological effects of SSB consumption on serum lipid profiles and retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4 among Taiwanese adolescents. METHODS: We evaluated the anthropometric parameters and biochemical outcomes of 200 representative adolescents (98 boys and 102 girls who were randomly selected from a large-scale cross-sectional study. Data were analyzed using multiple regression models adjusted for covariates. RESULTS: Increased SSB consumption was associated with increased waist and hip circumferences, body mass index (BMI values and serum UA, triglyceride (TG and RBP4 levels. Adolescents who consumed >500 ml/day of beverages half-to-heavily sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS exhibited TG and RBP4 levels 22.7 mg/dl and 13.92 ng/ml higher than non-drinkers, respectively. HFCS drinkers with hyperuricemia had higher TG levels than HFCS drinkers with normal UA levels (98.6 vs. 81.6 mg/dl. The intake of HFCS-rich SSBs and high value of BMI (≥24 interactively reinforced RBP4 levels among overweight/obese adolescents. Circulating RBP4 levels were significantly correlated with weight-related outcomes and TG and UA concentration among HFCS drinkers (r = 0.253 to 0.404, but not among non-drinkers. CONCLUSIONS: High-quantity HFCS-rich beverage consumption is associated with higher TG and RBP4 levels. Hyperuricemia is likely to intensify the influence of HFCS-rich SSB intake on elevated TG levels, and in overweight and obese adolescents, high BMI may modify the action of fructose on higher circulating levels of RBP4.

  4. Protein-ligand interaction studies of retinol-binding protein 3 with herbal molecules using AutoDock for the management of Eales' disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiwari, Anshul; Saxena, Sandeep; Pant, A B; Srivastava, Prachi

    2012-01-01

    Eales' disease is an idiopathic retinal vasculitis of the eye. The disease is predominantly characterized by recurrent vitreous hemorrhage. Interphotoreceptor retinol-binding protein 3 plays a significant role in the etiopathogenesis of this condition. It transports retinoids between the retinal pigment epithelium and the photoreceptors; hence, this protein is a potential target for docking studies. In silico data reveal that herbal molecules interact with regulatory domains of interphotoreceptor retinol-binding protein 3 (IRBP-3), resulting into significant docking score and also forms H-bond and several hydrophobic interactions between active residues of IRBP-3. These interactions between the active residues may lead to significant conformational change in that particular portion of the protein. This efficacy and suitability of ligand was determined on the basis of binding energy calculations. Ginkgolide showed minimum binding energy calculations among selected 10 other natural ligands. This fact of virtual screening for potential ligand can give new insights toward the therapeutic intonations and alterations toward the advances in treatment for Eales' disease.

  5. Anti-diabetic effects of cinnamaldehyde and berberine and their impacts on retinol-binding protein 4 expression in rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Wei; XU Ya-cheng; GUO Fang-jian; MENG Ye; LI Ming-li

    2008-01-01

    Background Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4),as an adipocyte secreted cytokine,was recently found to be inversely correlated with expression of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) in insulin resistance (IR) state and to have an intimate relationship with IR and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).The present study aimed to evaluate the anti-diabetic efficacy of cinnamaldehyde (tin),berberine (Bet),and metformin (Met) as well as their impacts on the RBP4-GLUT4 system.Methods Rat models of T2DM were established by combination of intraperitoneal injection of low-dose streptozotocin and high fat diet induction.Rats were divided into five groups:the control group,the diabetes group,the diabetes+Ber group,the diabetes+Cin group,and the diabetes+Met group.Western blotting was used to detect the serum or tissue RBP4 and GLUT4 protein levels.Results After treatment for four weeks,both Cin and Ber displayed significant hypolipidemic,hypoglycemic,and insulin sensitizing functions (P<0.01) compared with the control group.Their effects on lowering fasting plasma glucose (FPG),low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) seem even better than that of Met.Cin and Bet markedly lowered serum RBP4 levels and up-regulated the expression of tissue GLUT4 protein,and Cin seemed more notable in affecting these two proteins.Conclusions Both Cin and Ber display an exciting anti-diabetic efficacy in this study and may be of great value for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.Their mechanisms involve the RBP4-GLUT4 system,during which the serum RBP4 levels are lowered and the expression of tissue GLUT4 protein is up-regulated.

  6. Decreased circulating 25-(OH) Vitamin D concentrations in obese female children and adolescents: positive associations with Retinol Binding Protein-4 and Neutrophil Gelatinase-associated Lipocalin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metheniti, Dimitra; Sakka, Sophia; Dracopoulou, Maria; Margeli, Alexandra; Papassotiriou, Ioannis; Kanaka-Gantenbein, Christina; Chrousos, George P; Pervanidou, Panagiota

    2013-01-01

    Hypovitaminosis D has been associated with adult as well as childhood obesity. Retinol-binding-protein-4 (RBP-4) and Neutrophil Gelatinase-associated Lipocalin (NGAL) are altered in obese individuals. The aim of this study was to examine circulating 25-(OH) Vitamin D (25-(OH) D) concentrations according to BMI and its associations with RBP-4 and NGAL in female children and adolescents. Seventy-nine (79) children, aged 8-16 years, were studied and divided into four groups: 19 control (BMI z-score range -2.15 - 1.24), 20 overweight (1.34 - 2.49), 20 obese (2.50 - 2.87) and 20 ultra-obese (3 - 4.37). Patients were derived from a Pediatric Obesity Clinic. Plasma 25-(OH) D, RBP-4 and NGAL concentrations were measured with specific assays. Plasma 25-(OH) D concentrations were decreased significantly in the ultra-obese (p=0.005) and marginally in the obese group (p=0.05) compared to the control group. In the entire BMI range, Spearman correlations revealed strong positive associations between 25-(OH) D and RBP-4 (r=0.349, p=0.002) and between 25-(OH) D and NGAL (r=0.338, p=0.003). 25-(OH) D is deficient in a clinical population of obese female children and adolescents, whereas in the entire BMI range 25-(OH) D is associated with RBP4 and NGAL concentrations. Longitudinal studies are needed to reveal the role of these associations in metabolic alterations related to childhood and adolescent obesity and associated metabolic morbidities.

  7. Serum level and polymorphisms of retinol-binding protein-4 and risk for gestational diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Shimin; Liu, Qian; Huang, Xin; Tan, Hongzhuan

    2016-03-14

    Retinol-binding protein-4 (RBP4) has been reported to be potentially involved in the pathogenesis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM); however, the findings are inconsistent. Our aims were to review the studies that investigated the association of serum levels and polymorphisms of RBP4 with GDM risk, and to provide recommendations for future research. The databases PubMed, EBSCO, ScienceDirect, and Web of Knowledge were searched up to October 2015 to find out studies evaluating the relationship between serum RBP4 level/ RBP4 polymorphisms and GDM risk. In the meta-analysis of serum RBP4 levels the key inclusion was that studies were designed as BMI-matched studies or had observed non-significant differences in BMI between cases and controls. Fourteen case-control studies (647 cases and 620 controls) reporting the association between serum RBP4 level and GDM risk, and three studies (1012 cases and 1605 controls) investigating the association between RBP4 polymorphisms and GDM risk were involved. Our results showed that high serum RBP4 levels represent a risk factor for GDM (pooled standardized mean difference =0.758, 95% confidence interval [0.387, 1.128]). The results of subgroup analyses based on "gestational age at blood sampling" or "diagnostic criteria" are consistent with the overall results. However, the postpartum subgroup and "before 24 weeks" subgroup both only include one article and indicate no association between serum RBP4 level and GDM risk. The meta-analysis on the association between rs3758539 polymorphism and GDM risk shows that RBP4 rs3758539 polymorphism is not associated with the development of GDM. The results of this meta-analysis support the hypothesis that RBP4 is a modest independent risk factor for GDM (i.e., nonobese patients with GDM might express RBP4 at abnormal levels). The serum RBP4 level is associated with the risk of GDM. However, the association in the first-trimester and postpartum period should be validated by further

  8. Alterations of retinol-binding protein 4 species in patients with different stages of chronic kidney disease and their relation to lipid parameters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henze, Andrea; Frey, Simone K; Raila, Jens;

    2010-01-01

    Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) is elevated in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and has been discussed as marker of kidney function. In addition to an elevated concentration, the existence of truncated RBP4 species, RBP4-L (truncated at last C-terminal leucine) and RBP4-LL (truncated......) was assessed in serum of 45 healthy controls and 52 patients with stage 2-5 of CKD using ELISA and RBP4 immunoprecipitation with subsequent MALDI-TOF-MS analysis. A reduction of glomerular filtration rate was accompanied by a gradual elevation of RBP4 serum levels and relative amounts of RBP4-LL. Correlation...

  9. Inverse association between intelligence quotient and urinary retinol binding protein in Chinese school-age children with low blood lead levels: results from a cross-sectional investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Hong; Chen, Wen; Wang, Dongyue; Jin, Yinlong; Chen, Xiaodong; Xu, Yan; Huang, Lei

    2015-06-01

    Examine the relationship between blood lead concentration and children's intelligence quotient (IQ) in Chinese children 8-12 years old. This is a cross-sectional study, and participants included 446 children from three primary schools in Jiangsu, China. We collected environmental and genetic information from questionnaires. Blood lead (Pb), manganese (Mn), cadmium (Cd) and selenium (Se) concentrations were measured using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). IQ was assessed using the Combined Raven's Test and then converted to a standard IQ score according to Chinese children's norm. Morning urine samples were collected to measure retinol binding protein (RBP). The average blood lead concentration was 33.13 μg L(-1) (geometric mean), and the blood lead concentration (BoxCox transform) was inversely and significantly associated with IQ (r=-0.11, p=0.02). The geometric mean of blood Mn, Cd and Se was 7.02 μg L(-1), 0.18 μg L(-1) and 94.77 μg L(-1), respectively. Blood Mn, Cd and Se showed no association with IQ, but all of them associated with urinary RBP. Urinary RBP was identified as a new factor associated with IQ (β=-6.49, p=0.011). Urinary RBP was recognized as a new indicated factor associated with children's IQ. Mn, Cd and Se exposure might affect urinary RBP concentration and further IQ. Findings also support that blood lead concentrations in 8-12 years old children, even <44 μg L(-1), have a negative association with IQ. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Interaction between estrogen receptor and retinol-binding protein-4 polymorphisms as a tool for the selection of prolific pigs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iara Denise Vasconcellos Gonçalves

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of the estrogen receptor (ER-PvuII and retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4-MspI gene polymorphisms and their interactions with prolificacy in a commercial synthetic pig line reared in Brazil. A total of 10,374 piglet records from 218 sows and 817 litters were used for litter size analysis. Only females with three or four farrowings were included in the analysis. The mean litter size ranged from 5.0 to 19.5 piglets. DNA was extracted from leukocytes by a standard method, and ER-PvuII and RBP4-MspI polymorphisms were characterized by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP technique. The association between alleles or genotypes and reproductive performance was analyzed using a general linear model including the interaction between the ER-PvuII and RBP4-MspI genotypes. For the ER-PvuII gene, the allele frequencies of allele A and allele B were 0.56 and 0.44, respectively. For the RBP4-MspI gene, the frequencies of alleles A1 and A2 were 0.29 and 0.71, respectively. The total number of piglets born (TNB, born alive (NBA, or number of mummies and stillborn piglets (NMUM and NSB per litter did not differ between the various ER-PvuII and RBP4-MspI genotypes. However, when the ER-PvuII and RBP4-MspI genotypes were considered together in each sow, TNB and NBA were 1.4 (p = 0.0026 and 0.9 (p = 0.019 higher in AA/A1 and AB/A1 animals, respectively, than in AA/A2 and BB/A1 animals. Likewise, TNB and NBA were 0.9 (p = 0.0258 and 0.8 (p = 0.0168 higher in BB/A2 and AB/A2 sows, respectively, than in AA/A2 and BB/A1 animals, but no difference was observed compared to AA/A1 and AB/A1 animals. The results showed larger litter sizes (TNB and NBA for sows carrying the ER-PvuII allele A and the RBP4-MspI genotype A1, and for animals carrying the ER-PvuII allele B and the RBP4-MspI genotype A2. In conclusion, the interaction between genotypes ER-PvuII and RBP4-MspI is

  11. 人视黄醇结合蛋白4水平升高与冠心病及其预后相关%Elevated plasma levels of retinol-binding protein-4 are associated coronary artery disease and one-year prognosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢芳艺; 陈忠; 丁震; 范沛英; 王鑫; 冯毅; 马根山

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To examine whether plasma levels of retinol-binding protein-4 (RBP4) are associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) and one-year prognosis. Methods: RBP4 levels were determined by ELISA kit (IBL. Germany) in 140 patients without type 2 diabetes undergoing coronary angiography for the concern of CAD. Patients were divided into controls (normal coronary arteries, n =46) and CAD (≥50% diameter stenosis, n = 94). CAD patients were followed up for average 12 months. Major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) including recurrent anginal, recurrent infarction, deteriorated heart failure and cardiac death were analyzed. Multivariate analysis was done to determine the association between RBP4 and composite MACEs during one- year follow up. Results: Compared to the controls, patients with CAD were older, had higher prevalence of hypertension and smokers (all P <0. 05). Meanwhile, patients suffering from MACEs (n = 8) had higher levels of RBP4 than those without [ (76. 12 ± 42. 89) μg·ml-1 vs (46. 24 ± 17. 66) μg·ml-1 , P <0. 01 ] ; these patients suffering from MACEs had higher ratio of RBP4 levels 3=70 μg · ml-1 than those without (37.50% vs 9.30%, P =0.018). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that RBP4 was an independent predictor of composite MACEs during one-year follow up ( OR: 1. 091 , 95% CI:1.015-1. 172, P =0. 018) . Conclusion-. RBP-4 levels are associated with CAD and one-year prognosis. Patients with higher RBP-4 levels are at higher risk of MACEs.%目的:研究人视黄醇结合蛋白4 (RBP4)水平与冠心病及1年预后关系.方法:选择因疑诊冠心病而行冠状动脉造影的140例非糖尿病患者,其中确诊冠心病患者94例,非冠心病患者46例(作为对照).采用ELISA试剂盒(德国IBL公司)检测140例患者血浆RBP4水平.冠心病患者出院后完成1年随访,记录主要不良心脏事件(MACEs),即再发心绞痛、再发心肌梗死、心力衰竭恶化和心源性死亡.多变量回归分析RBP4与1年随

  12. Níveis plasmáticos de vitamina A, carotenóides e proteína ligadora de retinol em crianças com infecções respiratórias agudas e doenças diarréicas Plasma levels of vitamin A, carotenoids and retinol binding protein in children with acute respiratory infections and diarrhoeal diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez

    1994-10-01

    Full Text Available Planejou-se um estudo com o objetivo de se avaliar os níveis plasmáticos de vitamina A, carotenóides e proteína ligadora de retinol (RBP em 311 crianças, de 7 meses a onze anos de idade, com história de infecções das vias aéreas superiores (IVAS, pneumonia e diarréia, residentes na área urbana da Cidade de São Paulo, Brasil, e atendidas no serviço de pediatria de um hospital-escola. As dosagens de vitamina A e carotenóides realizaram-se pelo método de Neeld-Pearson e o RBP pelo método de Mancini. Os níveis plasmáticos de vitamina A (µg/dl e RBP (mg/dl foram mais baixos (pThe present study was carried out in order to assess the plasma levels of vitamin A, carotenoids and retinol binding protein (RBP of three-hundred and eleven children aged from seven months to eleven years, who had a history of upper respiratory infection (URI, pneumonia and diarrhoea. The children were resident in the urban area of the Municipality of S. Paulo, Brazil, and were seen at the pediatric service of the one school-hospital. The data show that plasma vitamin A (µg/dl and RBP (mg/ dl levels in the diarrhoea (15.2 µg/dl; 1.7 mg/dl and pneumonia (15.2 µg/dl; 0.7 mg/dl groups were lower (p<0.05 than those observed in the control (18.8 µg/dl; 2.6 mg/dl and URI (19.0 µg/dl; 2.4 mg/dl groups. The plasma carotenoid levels were lower in all groups than in the control group (p<0.05. These findings corroborate the results that show low levels of vitamin A in circulation during period of infection.

  13. Photoperiodic regulation of cellular retinol binding protein, CRBP1 [corrected] and nestin in tanycytes of the third ventricle ependymal layer of the Siberian hamster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, Perry; Ivanova, Elena; Graham, E Scott; Ross, Alexander W; Wilson, Dana; Plé, Helene; Mercer, Julian G; Ebling, Francis J; Schuhler, Sandrine; Dupré, Sandrine M; Loudon, Andrew; Morgan, Peter J

    2006-12-01

    Tanycytes in the ependymal layer of the third ventricle act both as a barrier and a communication gateway between the cerebrospinal fluid, brain and portal blood supply to the pituitary gland. However, the range, importance and mechanisms involved in the function of tanycytes remain to be explored. In this study, we have utilized a photoperiodic animal to examine the expression of three unrelated gene sequences in relation to photoperiod-induced changes in seasonal physiology and behaviour. We demonstrate that cellular retinol binding protein [corrected] (CRBP1), a retinoic acid transport protein, GPR50, an orphan G-protein-coupled receptor and nestin, an intermediate filament protein, are down-regulated in short-day photoperiods. The distribution of the three sequences is very similar, with expression located in cells with tanycyte morphology in the region of the ependymal layer where tanycytes are located. Furthermore, CRBP1 expression in the ependymal layer is shown to be independent of a circadian clock and altered testosterone levels associated with testicular regression in short photo-period. Pinealectomy of Siberian hamsters demonstrates CRBP1 expression is likely to be dependent on melatonin output from the pineal gland. This provides evidence that tanycytes are seasonally responsive cells and are likely to be an important part of the mechanism to facilitate seasonal physiology and behaviour in the Siberian hamster.

  14. Sitagliptin downregulates retinol-binding protein 4 and upregulates glucose transporter type 4 expression in a type 2 diabetes mellitus rat model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Honglin; Xu, Min; Qi, Renjuan; Wang, Youmin; Wang, Changjiang; Liu, Jiongjiong; Luo, Li; Xia, Li; Fang, Zhaohui

    2015-01-01

    The present study was designed to investigate the effects of sitagliptin on metabolic parameters as well as the expression levels of retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) and glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT4) in a rat model of type 2 diabetes mellitus. A rat model of type 2 diabetes mellitus was established by a combination of a high-fat diet and intraperitoneal injection of low-dose streptozotocin. Rats were divided into three groups: normal control group, diabetes group, and diabetes + sitagliptin group. Body weight, glycemic parameters, lipid profiles, fasting insulin (FINS) and serum RBP4 levels were assessed at baseline and after 6 weeks of therapy. Western blotting was used to detect the tissue RBP4 and GLUT4 expression levels. After treatment for 6 weeks, the diabetes + sitagliptin group displayed significantly improve levels of blood sugar, blood grease, and insulin sensitizing functions (P diabetes group. Sitagliptin markedly down regulated RBP4 expression levels and up-regulated GLUT4 expression levels in adipose tissue and skeletal muscle. The results indicate that sitagliptin can modulate the RBP4-GLUT4 system in adipose tissue and skeletal muscle. Modulation of the RBP4-GLUT4 system may be one of the mechanisms by which sitagliptin ameliorates the symptoms of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

  15. The association of carotid intima media thickness with retinol binding protein-4 and total and high molecular weight adiponectin in type 2 diabetic patients

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    Mansouri Masoumeh

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this study was to investigate whether carotid intima media thickness (CIMT is associated with serum level of retinol- binding protein-4 (RBP4 and total and high molecular weight (HMW adiponectin in type 2 diabetes (T2DM without clinical symptom of atherosclerotic disease. Method 101 type 2 diabetic patients (mean age, 53.63 ± 8.42 years and 42 body mass index (BMI matched control (mean age 50.1 ± 8.4 were recruited. The CIMT was assessed by using B-mode ultrasonography, while serum levels of RBP4 and total and HMW adiponectin were measured by using enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA. Linear regression analysis was performed with CIMT as dependent variable and adipokines and cardio metabolic risk factors as independent variables. Result The CIMT was higher in diabetic group compared to control group (p Age (B = 0.44 P Conclusion In conclusion, the present study showed that serum levels of RBP4 or total and HMW adiponectin were not potential predictors of CIMT in type 2 diabetic patients who exposed to this risk factor at least for nine years.

  16. [Serum retinol and retinol binding protein-4 levels in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and their relationship to nutritional status.].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mai, Hong-Zhen; Wang, Qiu-Yue; Han, Li-Ping; Kang, Jian; Yu, Run-Jiang

    2009-12-01

    To explore the serum retinol and retinol binding protein-4 (RBP(4)) levels in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to investigate their relationship with the nutritional status. The serum retinol level was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in 110 outpatients with stable COPD during Sept. 2006 to Sept. 2007, and 90 healthy volunteers served as the controls. The serum RBP(4) level in 62 stable COPD outpatients and 20 healthy controls was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Associated factors with the serum retinol and RBP(4) levels were analyzed. t-test and one-way ANOVA were used for the statistic analysis. The serum retinol and RBP(4) levels in COPD patients [(275 +/- 11) microg/L and (7.4 +/- 2.6) mg/L respectively] were significantly lower than those in the healthy controls [(338 +/- 13) microg/L and (11.4 +/- 4.1) mg/L respectively, t = 3.650, t = 4.155 and all P nutritional status.

  17. Impact of Serum Retinol-Binding Protein 4 Levels on Regulation of Remnant-Like Particles Triglyceride in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

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    Naoto Yamaaki

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Although retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4 associates with insulin resistance and remnant-like particles triglyceride (RLP-TG elevated in the insulin resistant state, few data exist regarding the relationship between RBP4 and RLP-TG. Subjects and Methods. The study included 92 Japanese type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM male patients (age years, body mass index (BMI  kg/m2, waist circumference (WC  cm, and HbA1c (NGSP %. Patients on medications affecting insulin sensitivity, including fibrates, biguanides, and thiazolidinedione, were excluded. Visceral fat area (VFA and subcutaneous fat area (SFA were measured by computed tomography. Results. RBP4 levels showed a significant positive correlation with RLP-TG ( and , TG ( and , RLP-TG/TG ( and , and age ( and , although there was no significant correlation with VFA, SFA, adiponectin levels, or homeostasis model of assessment insulin resistance (HOMA-R. Multiple regression analysis revealed that RBP4 was an independent determinant of RLP-TG ( but was not a determinant of TG. Conclusions. RBP4 correlates positively with serum RLP-TG independent of fat accumulation in T2DM. RBP4 may regulate remnant metabolism independent of glycemic control in T2DM.

  18. Retinol-binding protein 4 and its membrane receptor STRA6 control adipogenesis by regulating cellular retinoid homeostasis and retinoic acid receptor α activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muenzner, Matthias; Tuvia, Neta; Deutschmann, Claudia; Witte, Nicole; Tolkachov, Alexander; Valai, Atijeh; Henze, Andrea; Sander, Leif E; Raila, Jens; Schupp, Michael

    2013-10-01

    Retinoids are vitamin A (retinol) derivatives and complex regulators of adipogenesis by activating specific nuclear receptors, including the retinoic acid receptor (RAR) and retinoid X receptor (RXR). Circulating retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) and its membrane receptor STRA6 coordinate cellular retinol uptake. It is unknown whether retinol levels and the activity of RAR and RXR in adipocyte precursors are linked via RBP4/STRA6. Here, we show that STRA6 is expressed in precursor cells and, dictated by the apo- and holo-RBP4 isoforms, mediates bidirectional retinol transport that controls RARα activity and subsequent adipocyte differentiation. Mobilization of retinoid stores in mice by inducing RBP4 secretion from the liver activated RARα signaling in the precursor cell containing the stromal-vascular fraction of adipose tissue. Retinol-loaded holo-RBP4 blocked adipocyte differentiation of cultured precursors by activating RARα. Remarkably, retinol-free apo-RBP4 triggered retinol efflux that reduced cellular retinoids, RARα activity, and target gene expression and enhanced adipogenesis synergistically with ectopic STRA6. Thus, STRA6 in adipocyte precursor cells links nuclear RARα activity to the circulating RBP4 isoforms, whose ratio in obese mice was shifted toward limiting the adipogenic potential of their precursors. This novel cross talk identifies a retinol-dependent metabolic function of RBP4 that may have important implications for the treatment of obesity.

  19. High fat diet induced insulin resistance and elevated retinol binding protein 4 in female rats; treatment and protection with Berberis vulgaris extract and vitamin A.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Sayed, Mohamed Mohammed; Ghareeb, Doaa Ahmad; Talat, Heba Allah; Sarhan, Eman Mohammed

    2013-11-01

    This research was conducted to investigate two main aims; the first aim was to find if there is a relationship between insulin resistance (IR) and retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4). The second aim was to use berberis vulgaris extract and vitamin A as protective and/or curative agents against insulin resistance. IR was developed by feeding the female rats a high fat diet (HFD) for six weeks then treating or protecting them with b. vulgaris extract (0.2 g/Kg body weight) or vitamin A (12.8μg/Kg/day) for two weeks. HFD intake elevated insulin level and RBP4 expression that associated with hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia. Co-administration of vitamin A and B. vulgaris extracts reduced blood glucose level, insulin, body weight and RBP4 expression before, during and after HFD. Furthermore, vitamin A reduced the blood glucose, triglycerides (TG) and cholesterol levels. IR syndrome associated with the RBP 4 alteration that gives high indication about the role of RBP4 expression in the IR progression and development. Furthermore, the treatment with vitamin A and/or b. vulgaris alleviated the IR syndrome through the action on RBP4 and Insulin secretion. On the other hand, vitamin A must be avoided for the predisposed IR and prediabetic patients.

  20. Evaluation of serum retinol-binding protein on the early diagnosis of renal injury%血清视黄醇结合蛋白对评价早期肾损伤的诊断价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪明东; 孙立山; 郑慧雅; 陆柳; 范列英

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨血清视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP)对早期肾损伤的诊断价值.方法 采用免疫比浊法检测343例肾病患者及200例健康人血清RBP的变化.用酶法检测其血清肌酐(Cr) 的变化,并由简化MDRD公式计算出估计的肾小球滤过率(GFR).结果 肾功正常组RBP的结果与对照组比较,差异有统计学意义(P0.05).结论 RBP可作为诊断肾病早期损害的敏感性指标,同时检测血清Cr有助于提高其阳性率,但血RBP的敏感性优于血清Cr.%Objective To explore the evaluation of retinol-binding protein(RBP) on the early diagnosis of renal injury. Methods The changes of serum RBP were determined in 200 healthy subjects and 343 patients with nephropathy by immune transmission nephelometry. And the changes of serum creatinine (Cr) by enzyme,Kstimate GFR (eGFR) was estimated with Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equations. Results The levels of serum retinol-binding protein in the normal renal function group were higher than those in the control group(P0. 05). Conclusion The serum retinol-binding protein can be used as a sensitive indicator for the diagnosis of early renal damage in nephropathy. It contributes to improving the positive rate to measure serum creatinine at the same time,and the sensitiveness of serum retinol-binding protein is superior to serum creatinine.

  1. Male mice are susceptible to high fat diet-induced hyperglycaemia and display increased circulatory retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) levels and its expression in visceral adipose depots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asha, G V; Raja Gopal Reddy, M; Mahesh, M; Vajreswari, A; Jeyakumar, S M

    2016-01-01

    Vitamin A and its metabolites are known to modulate adipose tissue development and its associated complications. Here, we assessed the vitamin A status and its metabolic pathway gene expression in relation to sexual dimorphism by employing 35 days old C57BL/6J male and female mice, which were fed either stock or high fat (HF) diet for 26 weeks. HF diet feeding increased body weight/weight gain and white adipose tissue (WAT) of visceral and subcutaneous regions, however, increase in vitamin A levels observed only in subcutaneous WAT. Further, the expression of most of the vitamin A metabolic pathway genes showed no sexual dimorphism. The observed HF diet-induced hyperglycaemia in male corroborates with increased retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) levels in plasma and its expression in visceral adipose depots. In conclusion, the male mice are susceptible to high fat diet-induced hyperglycaemia and display higher plasma RBP4 levels, possibly due to its over-expression in visceral adipose depots.

  2. Diversity in the structures and ligand-binding sites of nematode fatty acid and retinol-binding proteins revealed by Na-FAR-1 from Necator americanus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rey-Burusco, M Florencia; Ibáñez-Shimabukuro, Marina; Gabrielsen, Mads; Franchini, Gisela R; Roe, Andrew J; Griffiths, Kate; Zhan, Bin; Cooper, Alan; Kennedy, Malcolm W; Córsico, Betina; Smith, Brian O

    2015-11-01

    Fatty acid and retinol-binding proteins (FARs) comprise a family of unusual α-helix rich lipid-binding proteins found exclusively in nematodes. They are secreted into host tissues by parasites of plants, animals and humans. The structure of a FAR protein from the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is available, but this protein [C. elegans FAR-7 (Ce-FAR-7)] is from a subfamily of FARs that does not appear to be important at the host/parasite interface. We have therefore examined [Necator americanus FAR-1 (Na-FAR-1)] from the blood-feeding intestinal parasite of humans, N. americanus. The 3D structure of Na-FAR-1 in its ligand-free and ligand-bound forms, determined by NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography respectively, reveals an α-helical fold similar to Ce-FAR-7, but Na-FAR-1 possesses a larger and more complex internal ligand-binding cavity and an additional C-terminal α-helix. Titration of apo-Na-FAR-1 with oleic acid, analysed by NMR chemical shift perturbation, reveals that at least four distinct protein-ligand complexes can be formed. Na-FAR-1 and possibly other FARs may have a wider repertoire for hydrophobic ligand binding, as confirmed in the present study by our finding that a range of neutral and polar lipids co-purify with the bacterially expressed recombinant protein. Finally, we show by immunohistochemistry that Na-FAR-1 is present in adult worms with a tissue distribution indicative of possible roles in nutrient acquisition by the parasite and in reproduction in the male.

  3. Diversity in the structures and ligand-binding sites of nematode fatty acid and retinol-binding proteins revealed by Na-FAR-1 from Necator americanus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rey-Burusco, M. Florencia; Ibáñez-Shimabukuro, Marina; Gabrielsen, Mads; Franchini, Gisela R.; Roe, Andrew J.; Griffiths, Kate; Zhan, Bin; Cooper, Alan; Kennedy, Malcolm W.; Córsico, Betina; Smith, Brian O.

    2015-01-01

    Fatty acid and retinol-binding proteins (FARs) comprise a family of unusual α-helix rich lipid-binding proteins found exclusively in nematodes. They are secreted into host tissues by parasites of plants, animals and humans. The structure of a FAR protein from the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is available, but this protein [C. elegans FAR-7 (Ce-FAR-7)] is from a subfamily of FARs that does not appear to be important at the host/parasite interface. We have therefore examined [Necator americanus FAR-1 (Na-FAR-1)] from the blood-feeding intestinal parasite of humans, N. americanus. The 3D structure of Na-FAR-1 in its ligand-free and ligand-bound forms, determined by NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography respectively, reveals an α-helical fold similar to Ce-FAR-7, but Na-FAR-1 possesses a larger and more complex internal ligand-binding cavity and an additional C-terminal α-helix. Titration of apo-Na-FAR-1 with oleic acid, analysed by NMR chemical shift perturbation, reveals that at least four distinct protein–ligand complexes can be formed. Na-FAR-1 and possibly other FARs may have a wider repertoire for hydrophobic ligand binding, as confirmed in the present study by our finding that a range of neutral and polar lipids co-purify with the bacterially expressed recombinant protein. Finally, we show by immunohistochemistry that Na-FAR-1 is present in adult worms with a tissue distribution indicative of possible roles in nutrient acquisition by the parasite and in reproduction in the male. PMID:26318523

  4. Circulating lipocalin-2 and retinol-binding protein 4 are associated with intima-media thickness and subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes.

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    Yang Xiao

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The lipocalin family proteins, including lipocalin-2 and retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4, are adipokines closely associated with obesity-related metabolic disorders. In this study, we evaluated the association of serum lipocalin-2 and RBP4 with intima-media thickness (IMT and subclinical atherosclerosis in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Serum levels of lipocalin-2 and RBP4 were measured in 284 type 2 diabetic patients. Subclinical atherosclerosis was assessed by IMT at carotid, femoral and iliac arteries with ultrasound. Patients with subclinical atherosclerosis showed significantly higher circulating concentrations of lipocalin-2 and RBP4 when compared to those without [112.9 (86.4 to 202.1 µg/L versus 77.2(55.0-150.4 µg/L, 37.1(32.3-40.8 mg/L versus 23.2(20.1-29.2 mg/L, respectively; P = 0.002, P<0.001, respectively]. Moreover, positive correlations were observed between carotid IMT and lipocalin-2 (r = 0.170, P = 0.018 or RBP4 (r = 0.132, P = 0.040, femoral IMT and lipocalin-2 (r = 0.160, P = 0.027, as well as between iliac IMT and RBP4 (r = 0.241, P<0.001. Multiple logistic regression analysis further demonstrated that these two adipokines were independent risk factors for subclinical atherosclerosis in type 2 diabetes. CONCLUSION: Circulating levels of lipocalin-2 and RBP4 are positively correlated with carotid IMT and subclinical atherosclerosis in type 2 diabetes, which suggests a potential role of these two lipid-binding chaperones in the pathogenesis of vascular complications of diabetes.

  5. Retinol-Binding Protein 4 and Lipids Prospectively Measured During Early to Mid-Pregnancy in Relation to Preeclampsia and Preterm Birth Risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendola, Pauline; Ghassabian, Akhgar; Mills, James L; Zhang, Cuilin; Tsai, Michael Y; Liu, Aiyi; Yeung, Edwina H

    2017-06-01

    Maternal retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) and lipids may relate to preeclampsia and preterm birth risk but longitudinal data are lacking. This study examines these biomarkers longitudinally during pregnancy in relation to preeclampsia and preterm birth risk. Maternal serum samples from the Calcium for Preeclampsia Prevention (CPEP) trial were analyzed at baseline: average 15 gestational weeks; mid-pregnancy: average 27 weeks; and at >34 weeks. We measured RBP4, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, triglycerides and lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)). Cross-sectional logistic regression analyses estimated the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for preterm preeclampsia (n = 63), term preeclampsia (n = 104), and preterm delivery (n = 160) associated with RBP4 and lipids at baseline and mid-pregnancy compared with controls (n = 136). Longitudinal trajectories across pregnancy were assessed using mixed linear models with fixed effects. Adjusted models included clinical and demographic factors. RBP4 concentrations at baseline and mid-pregnancy were associated with a 4- to 8-fold increase in preterm preeclampsia risk but were not associated with term preeclampsia. RBP4 measured mid-pregnancy was also associated with preterm birth (OR = 6.67, 95% CI: 1.65, 26.84). Higher triglyceride concentrations in mid-pregnancy were associated with a 2- to 4-fold increased risk for both preeclampsia and preterm birth. Longitudinal models demonstrate that both preterm preeclampsia and preterm birth cases had elevated RBP4 throughout gestation. Elevated RBP4 is detectable early in pregnancy and its strong relation with preterm preeclampsia merits further investigation and confirmation to evaluate its potential use as a predictor, particularly among high-risk women.

  6. Retinol binding protein 4 and retinol in steatotic and nonsteatotic rat livers in the setting of partial hepatectomy under ischemia/reperfusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elias-Miró, Maria; Massip-Salcedo, Marta; Raila, Jens; Schweigert, Florian; Mendes-Braz, Mariana; Ramalho, Fernando; Jiménez-Castro, Mónica B; Casillas-Ramírez, Araní; Bermudo, Raquel; Rimola, Antoni; Rodes, Juan; Peralta, Carmen

    2012-10-01

    Steatotic livers show increased hepatic damage and impaired regeneration after partial hepatectomy (PH) under ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), which is commonly applied in clinical practice to reduce bleeding. The known function of retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) is to transport retinol in the circulation. We examined whether modulating RBP4 and/or retinol could protect steatotic and nonsteatotic livers in the setting of PH under I/R. Steatotic and nonsteatotic livers from Zucker rats were subjected to PH (70%) with 60 minutes of ischemia. RBP4 and retinol levels were measured and altered pharmacologically, and their effects on hepatic damage and regeneration were studied after reperfusion. Decreased RBP4 levels were observed in both liver types, whereas retinol levels were reduced only in steatotic livers. RBP4 administration exacerbated the negative consequences of liver surgery with respect to damage and liver regeneration in both liver types. RBP4 affected the mobilization of retinol from steatotic livers, and this revealed actions of RBP4 independent of simple retinol transport. The injurious effects of RBP4 were not due to changes in retinol levels. Treatment with retinol was effective only for steatotic livers. Indeed, retinol increased hepatic injury and impaired liver regeneration in nonsteatotic livers. In steatotic livers, retinol reduced damage and improved regeneration after surgery. These benefits of retinol were associated with a reduced accumulation of hepatocellular fat. Thus, strategies based on modulating RBP4 could be ineffective and possibly even harmful in both liver types in the setting of PH under I/R. In terms of clinical applications, a retinol pretreatment might open new avenues for liver surgery that specifically benefit the steatotic liver.

  7. Fatty acid-and retinol-binding protein, Mj-FAR-1 induces tomato host susceptibility to root-knot nematodes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ionit Iberkleid

    Full Text Available Plant-parasitic nematodes produce at least one structurally unique class of small helix-rich retinol- and fatty-acid-binding proteins that have no counterparts in their plant hosts. Herein we describe a protein of the plant-parasitic root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica, which is a member of the nematode-specific fatty-acid- and retinol-binding (Mj-FAR-1 family of proteins. The mj-far-1 mRNA was detected through M. javanica pre-parasitic J2s, migratory and sedentary parasitic stages by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR. Immunolocalization assays demonstrate that the FAR protein of Meloidogyne is secreted during sedentary stages, as evidenced by the accumulation of FAR at the nematode cuticle surface and along the adjacent host root tissues. Tomato roots constitutively expressing mj-far-1 demonstrated an increased susceptibility to root-knot nematodes infection as observed by accelerated gall induction and expansion, accompanied by a higher percentage of nematodes developing into mature females compared to control roots. RNA interference assays that expressed double-stranded RNA complementary to mj-far-1 in transgenic tomato lines specifically reduced nematode infection levels. Histological analysis of nematode-infested roots indicated that in roots overexpressing mj-far-1, galls contained larger feeding cells and might support a faster nematode development and maturation. Roots overexpressing mj-far-1 suppressed jasmonic acid responsive genes such as the proteinase inhibitor (Pin2 and γ-thionin, illustrating the possible role of Mj-FAR-1 in manipulating the lipid based signaling in planta. This data, suggests that Meloidogyne FAR might have a strategic function during the interaction of the nematode with its plant host. Our study present the first demonstration of an in planta functional characterization and localization of FAR proteins secreted by plant-parasitic nematodes. It provides evidence that Mj

  8. Associations between retinol-binding protein 4 and cardiometabolic risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis in recently postmenopausal women: cross-sectional analyses from the KEEPS study

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    Huang Gary

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The published literature regarding the relationships between retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4 and cardiometabolic risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis is conflicting, likely due, in part, to limitations of frequently used RBP4 assays. Prior large studies have not utilized the gold-standard western blot analysis of RBP4 levels. Methods Full-length serum RBP4 levels were measured by western blot in 709 postmenopausal women screened for the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study. Cross-sectional analyses related RBP4 levels to cardiometabolic risk factors, carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT, and coronary artery calcification (CAC. Results The mean age of women was 52.9 (± 2.6 years, and the median RBP4 level was 49.0 (interquartile range 36.9-61.5 μg/mL. Higher RBP4 levels were weakly associated with higher triglycerides (age, race, and smoking-adjusted partial Spearman correlation coefficient = 0.10; P = 0.01, but were unrelated to blood pressure, cholesterol, C-reactive protein, glucose, insulin, and CIMT levels (all partial Spearman correlation coefficients ≤0.06, P > 0.05. Results suggested a curvilinear association between RBP4 levels and CAC, with women in the bottom and upper quartiles of RBP4 having higher odds of CAC (odds ratio [95% confidence interval] 2.10 [1.07-4.09], 2.00 [1.02-3.92], 1.64 [0.82-3.27] for the 1st, 3rd, and 4th RBP4 quartiles vs. the 2nd quartile. However, a squared RBP4 term in regression modeling was non-significant (P = 0.10. Conclusions In these healthy, recently postmenopausal women, higher RBP4 levels were weakly associated with elevations in triglycerides and with CAC, but not with other risk factors or CIMT. These data using the gold standard of RBP4 methodology only weakly support the possibility that perturbations in RBP4 homeostasis may be an additional risk factor for subclinical coronary atherosclerosis. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT

  9. Associations between retinol-binding protein 4 and cardiometabolic risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis in recently postmenopausal women: cross-sectional analyses from the KEEPS study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Gary; Wang, Dan; Khan, Unab I; Zeb, Irfan; Manson, JoAnn E; Miller, Virginia; Hodis, Howard N; Budoff, Matthew J; Merriam, George R; Harman, Mitchell S; Brinton, Eliot A; Cedars, Marcelle I; Su, Yali; Lobo, Rogerio A; Naftolin, Frederick; Santoro, Nanette; Taylor, Hugh S; Wildman, Rachel P

    2012-05-15

    The published literature regarding the relationships between retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) and cardiometabolic risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis is conflicting, likely due, in part, to limitations of frequently used RBP4 assays. Prior large studies have not utilized the gold-standard western blot analysis of RBP4 levels. Full-length serum RBP4 levels were measured by western blot in 709 postmenopausal women screened for the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study. Cross-sectional analyses related RBP4 levels to cardiometabolic risk factors, carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT), and coronary artery calcification (CAC). The mean age of women was 52.9 (± 2.6) years, and the median RBP4 level was 49.0 (interquartile range 36.9-61.5) μg/mL. Higher RBP4 levels were weakly associated with higher triglycerides (age, race, and smoking-adjusted partial Spearman correlation coefficient = 0.10; P = 0.01), but were unrelated to blood pressure, cholesterol, C-reactive protein, glucose, insulin, and CIMT levels (all partial Spearman correlation coefficients ≤0.06, P > 0.05). Results suggested a curvilinear association between RBP4 levels and CAC, with women in the bottom and upper quartiles of RBP4 having higher odds of CAC (odds ratio [95% confidence interval] 2.10 [1.07-4.09], 2.00 [1.02-3.92], 1.64 [0.82-3.27] for the 1st, 3rd, and 4th RBP4 quartiles vs. the 2nd quartile). However, a squared RBP4 term in regression modeling was non-significant (P = 0.10). In these healthy, recently postmenopausal women, higher RBP4 levels were weakly associated with elevations in triglycerides and with CAC, but not with other risk factors or CIMT. These data using the gold standard of RBP4 methodology only weakly support the possibility that perturbations in RBP4 homeostasis may be an additional risk factor for subclinical coronary atherosclerosis. ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT00154180.

  10. Investigation of the relationship between retinol binding protein 4 and polycystic ovary syndrome metabolic disorder%视黄醇结合蛋白4与多囊卵巢综合征代谢紊乱的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阴红; 覃秀

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨多囊卵巢综合征(PCOS)患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4水平及与代谢紊乱的关系。方法:选择PCOS患者76例及同期就诊的40例健康志愿者及输卵管性不孕患者。根据体重指数(BMI)和年龄分为28例育龄期肥胖PCOS患者(年龄>19岁,BMI≥25 kg/m2),22例青春期肥胖PCOS患者(年龄≤19岁,BMI≥25 kg/m2),14例育龄期非肥胖PCOS患者(年龄>19岁,BMI<25 kg/m2),12例青春期非肥胖PCOS患者(年龄≤19岁,BMI<25 kg/m2),28例育龄期对照组,12例青春期对照组。检测血脂、葡萄糖耐量及胰岛素释放试验。视黄醇结合蛋白4水平采用酶联免疫吸附法测定。结果:育龄期PCOS肥胖患者视黄醇结合蛋白4血清水平高于对照组,差异有统计学意义。相关性分析显示,视黄醇结合蛋白4血清水平与甘油三酯呈正相关。结论:视黄醇结合蛋白4与PCOS脂代谢紊乱相关,但与胰岛素抵抗无相关性。%Objective:To explore the relationship between retinol binding protein 4 and metabolic disorder in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome.Methods:76 PCOS cases were selected.40 healthy volunteers and patients with tubal infertility were selected over the same period.According to BMI and age,they were divided into 28 cases of reproductive period obese PCOS patients(age>19 years old, BMI≥25 kg/m2),22 cases of adolescent obesity PCOS patients(BMI≥25 kg/m2,age≤19 years),14 cases of childbearing age non obese PCOS patients(age>19 years, BMI<25 kg/m2),12 adolescent with non obese PCOS patients(age<19 years,BMI<25 kg/m2),28 cases of childbearing age in control group,12 cases of adolescent control group.We detected blood lipid,glucose tolerance test and insulin release test.The retinol binding protein 4 level was measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay retinol binding protein.Results:In the retinol binding protein 4 level,PCOS obese patients of reproductive ages was higher than that in the

  11. 视黄醇结合蛋白在肾脏疾病中的诊断意义%Serum retinol binding protein levels in renal diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高婵; 王鸣; 费晓; 徐群红; 赵宁

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate serum retinol binding protein (RBP) levels in renal diseases. Methods Serum RBP, creatinine,urea,albumin, parathyroid hormone(PTH),β2 microglobulin were determined in 167 patients with renal disease. Results The serum creatinine, urea, PTH, RBP and β2 microglobulin levels were increased with the decreasing glomerular filtration rate (GFR). When GFR was lower than 60 ml/ (min·1.73m2), there were significant differences in serum RBP, creatinine and β2 mi-croglobulin levels between patients and controls. RBP levels were positively correlated with creatinine, urea, PTH and β2 mi-croglobulin(P<0.05);negatively correlated with endogenous creatinine clearance rate (Ccr) (P<0.05). Conclusion Serum RBP levels are increased in renal diseases, which may indicate the degree of severity of renal impairment in patients with nephropathy.%目的:探讨视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP)检测在肾脏疾病中的诊断意义。方法检测167例肾病患者和57例健康体检者的血清RBP、尿素氮、肌酐、血白蛋白、甲状旁腺素(PTH)、β2微球蛋白,计算肌酐清除率,探讨RBP与传统肾功能指标的关系以及其在诊断肾脏疾病中的临床意义。结果随肾小球滤过率(GFR)降低,尿素氮、肌酐、RBP、PTH、β2微球蛋白水平逐渐增高,当GFR<60ml/(min·1.73m2)时,肌酐、RBP、β2微球蛋白水平较对照组明显增高(P<0.05);RBP与肌酐、尿素氮、PTH、β2微球蛋白呈正相关(P<0.05),与内生肌酐清除率呈负相关(P<0.05)。随着肾功能逐渐下降,血RBP检测阳性率逐渐增高。结论 RBP是可作为早期诊断肾脏疾病的重要指标。

  12. Effect of 7-Hydroxy-2-(4-Hydroxy-3-Methoxy-Phenyl-Chroman-4-One (Swietenia Macrophylla King Seed on Retinol Binding Protein-4 and Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase Gene Expression in Type 2 Diabetic Rats

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    Prasetyastuti

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia due to a defect of insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. There are increasing evidence that active compounds of medicinal plants may be used to treat diabetes. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of a 7-hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-phenyl-chroman-4-one flavonoid compound of the Swietenia macrophylla King seed on homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK and retinol binding protein-4 (RBP4 gene expression in diabetic rats.

  13. The threshold level of urinary cadmium associated with increased urinary excretion of retinol-binding protein and β2-microglobulin: a re-assessment in a large cohort of nickel-cadmium battery workers

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the threshold value of urinary cadmium (CdU) for renal dysfunction on the basis of relationships unconfounded by protein degradation, diuresis and the renal effects associated with chronic smoking. Methods We studied 599 workers (451 men, mean age 45.4 years) who were employed in four nickel-cadmium battery plants for 18.8 years on average. After adjustment for covariates by multiple regression, the CdU threshold values for increased concentrations of retinol-binding pr...

  14. 尿β2MG、RBP水平与重金属中毒分析%Analysis of Urinary β2-microglobulin,Retinol Binding Protein Levels and Heavy Metal Poisoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁华敏; 李毅刚; 丁献山

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨重金属中毒病人尿中β2微球蛋白(β2MG)、视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP)之间相关性.方法 回顾分析本院收治73例重金属中毒病例的尿β2MG、RBP同时升高的资料,用SPSS17.0对其进行了直线相关性分析.结果 73例中毒病例,尿镉高者占76.7%,镉中毒者占6.8%,镉观察对象占2.7%,铅中毒者占9.7%,砷中毒者占4.1%;尿β2MG与RBP之间r=-0.018(P>0.05);RBP女性高于男性(P<0.05).结论 尿β2MG、RBP在镉超标中常见,但不具有直线相关性.%Objective To explore the correlation between β2 microglobulin and retinoid binding protein in heavy metal poisoning patient's urine. Methods The data about simultaneously elevated levels of β2 microglobulin and retinoid binding protein of 73 heavy metal poisoning patients were retrospectively analyzed, and SPSS17.0 software was used to conduct linear correlation analysis. Results Among 73 patients, there were 76.7% of higher urinary cadmium, 6.8 % of cadmium poisoning, 2.7% of cadmium observed objects, 9.7% of lead poisoning, and 4.1% of arsenic poisoning. The coefficient r of linear correlation between β2 microglobulin and retinol binding protein was -0.018 (P>0.05). Retinol binding protein in women was higher than that of men (P < 0.05). Conclusions Elevated levels of urinary β2 - microglobulin and retinol binding protein are common in patients with excessive cadmium, but there is no linear correlation between them.

  15. 视黄醇结合蛋白4与2型糖尿病微血管病变的研究进展%Relationship between Retinol Binding Protein 4 and Microvascular Complication of Type2 Diabetes Mellitus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程灿; 赵芳芳; 王季猛

    2011-01-01

    视黄醇结合蛋白4(Retinol binding protein 4,RBP4)是一种分泌型视黄醇结合蛋白,主要由肝脏合成,在协助视黄醇发挥生理功能中起着重要的作用.近年研究发现,RBP4是一种新的循环性脂肪因子,亦能由脂肪组织特异性分泌,它不仅能够抑制肌肉组织中的胰岛素信号通路,而且能够促进糖异生,增加肝糖输出,从而导致胰岛素抵抗的发生,增加糖尿病的发病风险.目前RBP4与2型糖尿病(Type 2 diabetes mellitus,T2DM)关系逐渐受到人们的重视,本文就RBP4的生理功能、RBP4与T2DM微血管病变的研究进展作一综述.%Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) is a kind of secretion of retinol binding protein,mainly synthesized by the liver. It plays an important role in assisting the physiological function of retinol. In recent years, the studies have found RBP4 is a new kind of circulating adipocytokine, and can be specific secreted by the adipose tissues. It can not only inhibit the insulin signaling pathway of muscle tissue, but also promote gluconeogenesis and increase the glycogen output of liver, thus lead to insulin resistance, increases the morbidity of diabetes. Currently, the relationship between RBP4 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)has been paid gradually attention by many scholars. This article describes the function of RBP4, review the relationship between RBP4 and micro-vascular complication with T2DM.

  16. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RETINOL BINDING PROTEIN 4 AND INSULIN RESISTANCE IN GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS%血清RBP4与妊娠期糖尿病胰岛素抵抗关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙蕾芳; 叶元华

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨血清视黄醇结合蛋白4(RBP4)水平与妊娠期糖尿病(GDM)胰岛素抵抗的关系.方法 采用酶联免疫吸附法测定了30例GDM病人(GDM组)及30例糖耐量正常孕妇(对照组)血清RBP4水平,葡萄糖氧化酶法检测空腹血糖(FPG),放射免疫法检测空腹胰岛素(FIN),计算胰岛素抵抗指数(HOMA-IR).结果 GDM组血清RBP4水平显著高于对照组(t=8.298,P<0.05).GDM组FPG、FIN及HOMA-IR水平明显高于对照组(t=7.259~16.409,P<0.05).GDM组血清RBP4水平与HOMA-IR呈明显正相关(r=0.744,P<0.05).结论 GDM病人血清RBP4水平升高,可能参与了糖尿病胰岛素抵抗的发生.%Objective To investigate the relationship between retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) and insulin resistance in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).Methods The serum RBP4 levels were determined in 30 patients with GDM (GDM group) and 30 pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance (control group) by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and fasting insulin levels (FIN) were measured by glucose oxidaseand and radio immunity assay.Insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) was calculated.Results The serum levels of RBP4 (t=8.298, P<0.05) and FPG, FIN and HOMA-IR were significantly higher in GDM group than the control (t= 7.259-16.409, P<0.05).There was a positive correlation between the levels of serum RBP4 and HOMA-IR (r=0.744,P<0.05).Conclusion The elevation of the levels of serum RBP4 in GDM patients is likely involved in the cause of insulin resistance in GDM.

  17. 血清视黄醇结合蛋白4在危重患者急性肾功能障碍监测中的应用%Application of serum retinol binding protein 4 in the monitoring critically ill patients with acute renal dysfunction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻红波; 刘阳; 张强; 李刚

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To investigate the clinical value of serum retinol binding protein 4 in the monitoring acute renal dysfunction critically ill patients. [Methods] Serum retinol binding protein 4, creatinine and renal creatinine clearance level were determined in 72 critically ill patients, and their difference was analyzed. [Results] The levels of serum retinol binding protein 4 and creatinine clearance rate was negatively correlated, and serum retinol binding protein-4 correlated better with GFR than creatinine. The detection rate of acute renal dysfunction by serum retinol binding protein 4 (28/38) was higher than that of serum creatinine (8/38), the difference was statistically significant. [Conclusion] Retinol binding protein 4 is an accurate marker of subtle changes in GFR, and may be superior to creatinine when assessing this parameter in clinical practice in critically ill patients. The analysis of serum retinol binding protein 4 in critically ill patients may be helpful for the monitoring of acute renal dysfunction.%[目的]探讨视黄醇结合蛋白4在危重患者急性肾功能障碍监测中的应用.[方法]测定72例危重患者视黄醇结合蛋白4,肌酐及肾脏内生肌酐清除率水平,并分析其差异.[结果]危重患者视黄醇结合蛋白4水平与肾脏内生肌酐清除率水平明显负相关,且高于血清肌酐.在急性肾功能障碍检出率上,视黄醇结合蛋白4(28/38)高于血清肌酐(8/38),差异有统计学意义.[结论]视黄醇结合蛋白4是较精准的肾小球滤过率监测指标,可用于危重患者急性肾功能障碍的监测.

  18. Retinol binding protein detecing level analysis in diabetic nephropathy patients%糖尿病肾病患者视黄醇结合蛋白检测水平分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何霞

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To analysis the of retinol binding protein (Retinol Binding Protein RBP) level in patients with diabetic nephropathy (Diabetic nephropathy, DN)) for the value of early diagnosis of kidney injury. Methods:In the Hitachi 7180 automatic biochemical analyzer (divided into DM group, DN group, DN group, early clinical) in patients with DN (experimental group) 87 cases were detected and 80 healthy subjects (control group) and serum RBP (SRBP) and urine RBP (URBP) level, while the conventional detection of serum indexes of microalbuminuria (mAlb), urea (UREA) and creatinine (CREA) levels were detected, and the detection results were compared statistically analysis.Results:The experimental group SRBP, URBP, mAlb, UREA and CREA levels were higher than those in the control group (P0.05);the early DN group:SRBP and URBP were significantly higher than those in the control group (p 0.05); clinical stage DN group: SRBP, URBP and mAlb were significantly higher than those in the control group (p<0.01), UREA and CREA higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). Conclusions:RBP testing can be used as a sensitive index of early renal damage in DN, monitoring of RBP levels with DN patients than hematuria, monitoring of mAlb, UREA and CREA levels can reflect the condition of earlier renal tubular injury, in order to achieve the goal of early diagnosis.%目的:分析视黄醇结合蛋白(Retinol Binding Protein RBP)水平在糖尿病肾病(Diabetic nephropathy, DN))早期肾损伤诊断中的应用价值。方法:在日立7180全自动生化分析仪上检测87例(分为单纯DM组、早期DN组、临床DN组)DN患者(实验组)及80例健康者(对照组)血清RBP(SRBP)和尿液RBP(URBP)水平,同时对常规检测指标血清尿微量白蛋白(mAlb)、尿素(UREA)和肌酐(CREA)的水平检测,并对其检测结果进行比较统计学分析。结果:实验组SRBP、URBP、mAlb、UREA和CREA水平均高于对照组(P<0.05或P<0.01

  19. The Evaluation of Early Diagnosis on Diabetic Nephropathies with Cystatin C and Retinol Binding Protein%血清CysC和RBP联检对糖尿病患者肾损害早期诊断的价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄璇; 周红英

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨血清半胱氨酸蛋白酶抑制剂C(cystatin C,Cys C)和视黄醇结合蛋白(retinol binding protein,RBP)联检对诊断2型糖尿病(DM2)患者肾损害早期的临床价值.方法:选择91例DM2患者,采用乳胶颗粒增强免疫比浊法检测血清Cys C,免疫透射比浊法检测血清RBP,酶法检测血清BUN、SCr的含量,与44例健康体检者(健康对照组)进行对照比较.结果:患者血清Cys C、RBP、BUN和SCr水平均高于对照组,联检Cys C、RBP的阳性率明显高于单项.结论:血清Cys C和RBP是DM2患者早期肾损害的良好指标,联检可提供较新的概念,有助于对患者肾脏损伤的早期诊断和疗效观察.%Objective To observe the clinical significance of detaimination of serum cystain C ( Cys C) and retinol binding protein(RBP) levels in diagnosis of early renal damage in patients with type 2 diabetes . Methods Serum Cys C and RBP levels were detected in 91 patients with type 2 diabetes and 44 normal controls; BUN and SCr were measured simultaneously. Cys C and RBP were determined with immunoturbidimetric assay; Besides; BUN and SCr with enzyme method. Results Serum Cys C; RBP; BUN and SCr levels in patients with type 2 diabetes group were increased significantly compared with those in control group ( Cys C; RBP P < 0. 015 BUN; SCr P < 0.05) . The combined examination of Cys C and RBP showed that the sensitivity was 62. 6%; it's evidently higher than one of them. Conclusion Cys C and RBP are good diagnostic marker of early renal damage in patients with type 2 diabetes. The combined examination of Cys C and RBP may provide new ideas and can be more helpful for the diagnosis of early renal damage in patients with type 2 diabetes and observing curative effect.

  20. High dietary fat-induced obesity in Wistar rats and type 2 diabetes in nonobese Goto-Kakizaki rats differentially affect retinol binding protein 4 expression and vitamin A metabolism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirai, Tomomi; Shichi, Yuta; Sato, Miyuki; Tanioka, Yuri; Furusho, Tadasu; Ota, Toru; Tadokoro, Tadahiro; Suzuki, Tsukasa; Kobayashi, Ken-Ichi; Yamamoto, Yuji

    2016-03-01

    Obesity is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes, which is caused mainly by insulin resistance. Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) is the only specific transport protein for retinol in the serum. RBP4 level is increased in the diabetic state and high-fat condition, indicating that retinol metabolism may be affected under these conditions. However, the precise effect of diabetes and high fat-induced obesity on retinol metabolism is unknown. In this study, we examined differences in retinol metabolite levels in rat models of diet-induced obesity and type 2 diabetes (Goto-Kakizaki [GK] rat). Four-week-old male Wistar and GK rats were given either a control diet (AIN-93G) or a high-fat diet (HFD, 40% fat kJ). After 15 weeks of feeding, the RBP4 levels increased by 2-fold in the serum of GK rats but not HFD-fed rats. The hepatic retinol concentration of HFD-fed rats was approximately 50% that of the controls (P retinol concentrations of GK rats increased by 70% (P retinol metabolism differently, and the effects were different in different peripheral tissues. The impact of HFD may be limited to the storage of hepatic vitamin A as retinyl palmitate. In particular, our data indicate that renal retinoic acid production might represent an important target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

  1. Value of retinol binding protein and prealbumin in the evaluation of preterm infant nutrition%视黄醇结合蛋白和前白蛋白评价早产儿营养状况的价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢金水; 徐燕珊; 黄妙霞

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the value of retinol binding protein and prealbumin in the evaluation of preterm infant nutrition. Methods Ninety-eight premature infants were selected in our hospital as the observation group, and at the same time, 98 full-term infants were selected in our hospital as the control group. According to gesta-tional age difference, the 98 premature infants were divided into group A (53 neonates with gestational age<34 weeks) and group B (45 neonates with gestational age≥34 weeks). The level of prealbumin and retinol binding protein, se-rum albumin of all newborns were detected and compared. Results The level of serum albumin, prealbumin, retinol binding protein in the observation group was (30.13±3.84) g/L, (23.91±3.93) mg/L, (122.83±24.47) mg/L, respective-ly, which were all significantly lower than the corresponding index in the control group (P<0.05). The level of the three proteins in group A was (29.06±5.28) g/L, (19.89±5.91) mg/L, (110.08±21.14) mg/L, respectively, significantly lower than the corresponding index of group B (P<0.05). Conclusion The detection of prealbumin and retinol bind-ing protein can more accurately, sensitively reflect the nutritional status in premature infants, which can provide basis for clinical nutrition support therapy.%目的:探讨视黄醇结合蛋白和前白蛋白评价早产儿营养状况的价值。方法选取在我院分娩的早产儿98例为观察组,同时选取同期在我院分娩的足月儿98例为对照组,并根据观察组新生儿胎龄的不同将胎龄<34周的53例新生儿分为A组,胎龄≥34周的45例新生儿分为B组。所有新生儿均检测血清白蛋白、前白蛋白和视黄醇结合蛋白的水平,对比观察组和对照组,A组和B组新生儿的血清白蛋白、前白蛋白和视黄醇结合蛋白的水平。结果观察组的血清白蛋白水平为(30.13±3.84) g/L,前白蛋白水平为(23.91±3.93) mg/L,视黄醇结合蛋白水平为(122

  2. Massive bowel resection upregulates the intestinal mRNA expression levels of cellular retinol-binding protein II and apolipoprotein A-IV and alters the intestinal vitamin A status in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hebiguchi, Taku; Mezaki, Yoshihiro; Morii, Mayako; Watanabe, Ryo; Yoshikawa, Kiwamu; Miura, Mitsutaka; Imai, Katsuyuki; Senoo, Haruki; Yoshino, Hiroaki

    2015-03-01

    Short bowel (SB) syndrome causes the malabsorption of various nutrients. Among these, vitamin A is important for a number of physiological activities. Vitamin A is absorbed by epithelial cells of the small intestine and is discharged into the lymphatic vessels as a component of chylomicrons and is delivered to the liver. In the present study, we used a rat model of SB syndrome in order to assess its effects on the expression of genes associated with the absorption, transport and metabolism of vitamin A. In the rats with SB, the intestinal mRNA expression levels of cellular retinol-binding protein II (CRBP II, gene symbol Rbp2) and apolipoprotein A-IV (gene symbol Apoa4) were higher than those in the sham-operated rats, as shown by RT-qPCR. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that absorptive epithelial cells stained positive for both CRBP II and lecithin retinol acyltransferase, which are both required for the effective esterification of vitamin A. In the rats with SB, the retinol content in the ileum and the retinyl ester content in the jejunum were lower than those in the sham-operated rats, as shown by quantitative analysis of retinol and retinyl esters by high performance liquid chromatography. These results suggest that the elevated mRNA expression levels of Rbp2 and Apoa4 in the rats with SB contribute to the effective esterification and transport of vitamin A.

  3. 血清胱抑素c与视黄醇结合蛋白检测在糖尿病肾病早期诊断中的应用价值%Value of Serum Cystatin C and retinol-binding protein in early diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵靓

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨血清胱抑素C(CysC)与血清视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP)检测在糖尿病肾病早期诊断中的意义.方法 采用免疫速率散射比浊法,检测50例2型糖尿病肾病患者的血清胱抑素C与血清视黄醇结合蛋白.同时,用酶法检测血清尿素(Urea)、血清肌酐(Cr).结果 糖尿病肾病组血清胱抑素C、血清视黄醇结合蛋白均显著高于正常对照组(P<0.01).结论 胱抑素C与视黄醇结合蛋白可作为诊断糖尿病早期肾损害的血清学指标.%Objective To explore the serum cystatin C (CysC)and serum retinol-binding protein (RBP) test in early diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy in significance.Methods Immunization rate nephelometry to detect 50 cases of type 2 diabetic nephropathy in patients with serum cystatin C and serum retinol-binding protein.At the same time,with enzymatic detection of serum urea(Urea),serum creatinine (Ct).Results The diabetic nephropathy serum cystatin C,serum retinol-binding protein,significantly higher than the normal control group (P < 0.01).Conclusion Cystatin C and retinol-binding protein can be used as an early diagnosis of diabetes,serum indicators of renal damage.

  4. Urinary {alpha}{sub 1}-microglobulin, {beta}{sub 2}-microglobulin, and retinol-binding protein levels in general populations in Japan with references to cadmium in urine, blood, and 24-hour food duplicates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ikeda, Masayuki; Moon, Chan-Seok; Zhang, Zuo-Wen [Kyoto Univ. (Japan)] [and others

    1995-07-01

    Possible cadmium (Cd) exposure-associated changes in urinary levels of low-molecular-weight proteins were studied in nonsmoking and nondrinking female members of the general Japanese population (378 subjects with no known occupational heavy metal exposure) who lived at 19 study sites (all without any known environmental heavy metal pollution) in 13 prefectures throughout Japan. The external Cd dose was evaluated in terms of daily Cd intake via food (Cd-F), whereas Cd levels in blood (Cd-B) and urine (Cd-U) were taken as internal dose indicators. When the subjects were classified according to Cd-F into three groups with {open_quotes}low{close_quotes} (20.4 {mu}g/day as a geometric mean of 97 women), {open_quotes}middle{close_quotes} (35.0 {mu}g/day, 120 women) and {open_quotes}high{close_quotes} (67.0 {mu}g/day, 66 women) exposure, both Cd-B and Cd-U increased in parallel with the changes in Cd-F. However, there were no dose-dependent changes in {beta}{sub 2}-microglobulin or retinol-binding protein levels in urine. {alpha}{sub 1}-Microglobulin levels appeared to increase, but the distribution of the cases above the two cutoff levels of 9.6 and 15.8 {mu}g/mg creatinine among the three Cd-F groups did not show any bias. Overall, it was concluded that there was no apparent Cd exposure-associated elevation in urinary low-molecular-weight protein levels in the study population. 41 refs., 2 figs., 7 tabs.

  5. Research of relationship between retinol binding protein 4 and cardiovascular disease%视黄醇结合蛋白4与心血管疾病关系的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄瑄; 郑刚

    2016-01-01

    Retinol binding protein 4(RBP4)is a kind of lipophilic carrier protein ,and also a kind of small hydrophobic molecules-binding protein.Its function is transferring all kinds of active metabolite (retinol)from Vitamin A. Thus help the Vitamin A to play its chief physiological function. Many Clinical researches show that the RBP4 is related to many risk factors of cardiovascular disease such as the arteriosclerosis ,Insulin resistance ,disorders of lipid metabolism and obesity and is also some correlated to the cardiovascular disease including Hypertension and heart failure.So this article will summarize the structure and function of RBP4 and its related research in the field of cardiovascular disease.%视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP4)是一种亲脂载体蛋白,也是一种疏水小分子结合蛋白,在体内负责结合并转运维生素 A 的各种活性代谢物(视黄醇类),从而协助维生素 A 发挥其主要生理功能。临床多项研究显示 RBP4与动脉硬化、胰岛素抵抗、脂质代谢紊乱、肥胖等心血管危险因素密切相关,并且与心血管疾病如冠心病、高血压和心力衰竭的病理生理有一定相关性。本文将对 RBP4的结构功能及其在心血管疾病中的相关研究进展做一综述。

  6. The Relationship of Fetuin-A, Adiponectin, Retinol Binding Protein-4 (RBP-4 and High Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein (hsCRP with Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR in Obese Non Diabetic Men

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imelda Novianti

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Central obesity is the accumulation of visceral (intra-abdominal fat and is strongly known to be associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM. Obesity can cause adipocyte hypertrophy that results in dysregulation of adipokine expression. The abnormal function of adipocytes may play an important role in the development of a chronic low-grade proinflammatory state associated with obesity. Adiponectin, retinol binding protein (RBP-4 and fetuin-A play a role in the pathophysiology of insulin resistance. Expression of fetuin-A is increased due to fat accumulation in the liver. Elevated concentration of fetuin-A in the circulation can impair insulin signaling in muscle and liver as well as suppress adiponectin secretion, although its molecular mechanism is still unclear. The aim of this study was to identify the relationship of fetuin-A, adiponectin, RBP-4 and hsCRP with insulin resistance in obese non diabetic men. METHODS: This was an observational study with a cross-sectional design. The study subjects were 64 men with non diabetic abdominal obesity, characterized by waist circumference of 98.47±5.88 cm and fasting blood glucose of 85.75±8.36 mg/dL. RESULTS: This study showed that fetuin-A was positively correlated with HOMA-IR in obese non diabetic men with insulin resistance (r=0.128; p=0.570, although not significant. Fetuin-A was found to be correlated with adiponectin, RBP-4 and hsCRP (r=0.150; p=0.233; r=0.050; p=0.711; r=-0.04; p=0.445, although not significant. CONCLUSIONS: The concentration of fetuin-A showed a tendency to be positively correlated with HOMA-IR and with RBP-4 in obese non diabetic men, although statistically not significant. The concentration of fetuin-A showed a tendency to be negatively correlated with adiponectin and hsCRP although statistically not significant. There was no interrelationship between fetuin-A, adiponectin, RBP-4, hsCRP and HOMA-IR. Elevated concentrations of fetuin

  7. Progress in Research of the Relationship between Retinol-binding Protein 4 and Pathological Pregnancy%视黄醇结合蛋白4在病理妊娠中的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董金华; 刘俊; 徐先明

    2011-01-01

    Retinol binding protein (RBP)4 is a newly discovered adipocytokine. It has been found that RBP4 level is closely linked to insulin resistance,glucose and lipid metabolism in both animal and human studies. With the development of insulin resistance and the disorder of glucose and lipid metabolism, RBP4 level rises. During pregnancy, maternal fet mass increase with varying degrees of insulin resistance, to physiological pregnancy, blood RBP4 level increases with the progress of pregnancy. Compared with normal pregnancy, RBP4 increased more significantly in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) patients. The elevated levels of RBP4 may be involved in GDM prognosis. Study found that early elevated RBP4 could predict the occurrence of GDM, and controlling the development of RBP4 levels may interfere with GDM. RBP4 level is increased in pregnancy induced hypertension. RBP4 level in cord blood is closely related to fetal growth, the level declines in small for gestational age children and increases in large for gestational age children. The relationship between RBP4 and preterm delivery is not clear. Study the mechanism of RBP4, may provide a new direction for the development and prevention of pathological pregnancy.%视黄醇结合蛋白4 (Retinol binding protein4,RBP4)是近年来新发现的一种脂肪细胞因子,在动物与人类的研究中均发现其与胰岛素抵抗的发生及糖、脂代谢的调节密切相关,随着机体胰岛素抵抗及糖脂代谢异常程度的增加,RBP4水平上升.在妊娠期,母体脂肪量增加并伴有不同程度的胰岛素抵抗.在正常妊娠时,RBP4随着妊娠的进展而升高,且与胰岛素抵抗程度增加相一致.与正常妊娠相比,妊娠期糖尿病(gestational diabetes mellitus,GDM)患者的RBP4升高更明显,且RBP4的升高水平与GDM预后相关.研究发现早期RBP4的升高可以预测GDM的发生,此外控制RBP4水平可能干预GDM发展.RBP4在妊娠期高血压疾病中升高;RBP4

  8. A evaluation and comparison of two different kinds of biochemical reagents of serum retinol-binding protein%两种血清视黄醇结合蛋白生化试剂的比较和评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳芳; 刘玉梅; 李光迪; 尤崇革

    2010-01-01

    Objective The evaluation and comparison of two different kinds of serum retinol-binding protein(RBP)reagents in the same biochemical analyzer.Methods Use the reagents of Shanghai Beijia biochemical reagents company and Beijing Jiuqiang biochemical limited company for serum retinol-binding protein determination.Their accuracy,repeatability,sensitivity,linear range and interference are compared.Results The results of Gcell reagents and Beijia reagents were evaluated,which regression equation wasY=1.011X,r~2=0.9604 in the normal group and y=1.043 8X,r~2=0.9657 in the patient group;The CV%of high-level and low-level controls were 0.9%and 2.3 0A respectively.The CV% of patients was 1.3%,The results range in 0.35~25 mg/dL,the linear error was less than 10%.Conclusion The results of Gcell reagents and Shanghai Beijia reagents are comparable and Gcell reagents can be safely used in clinical analysis.%目的 观察两种不同的血清视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP)试剂在同一台生化分析仪上的检测结果是否具有可比性.方法 用两种试剂进行血清视黄醇结合蛋白测定,并对两种试剂的准确性、重复性、线性范围等结果进行了评价比较.结果 金斯尔试剂与北加试剂比较,两种试剂间健康对照组回归方程Y=1.011X、r~2=0.960 4,患者组回归方程Y=1.043 8X、r~2=0.965 7,r~2>0.95,测定高、低值质控品的相对偏差分别为-2.32%和-4.64%,其准确性偏差小于10%;高、低值质控品测定值的CV分别为0.9%和2.3%,患者标本测定值CV为1.3%,其重复性CV小于10%;在0.35~25 mg/Dl范围内,线性误差不超过10%.结论 北京九强公司的金斯尔血清视黄醇结合蛋白检测试剂与上海北加试剂其检测结果具有可比性,可用于临床血清视黄醇结合蛋白的测定.

  9. 随机尿、晨尿视黄醇结合蛋白对早期肾功能损伤的诊断价值%Random Urine, Urinary Retinol-binding Protein in Early Diagnosis of Renal Injury

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁育林; 覃桂芳; 农生洲; 杜武杰; 阳文辉; 赵红英

    2013-01-01

    目的:探究随机尿、晨尿视黄醇结合蛋白对早期肾功能损伤的诊断价值.方法:选取我院2011年8月-2012年9月收治的48例Ⅱ型糖尿病患者,按照随机数字表进行平均分组,随机尿组24例,选取任意时段尿液标本,晨尿组24例,选取清晨时段尿液标本.对两组患者尿液标本进行尿视黄醇结合蛋白(Urinary Retinol-binding Protein,U-RBP)、尿微量白蛋白(Urinary Microalbum, U-mAlb)及尿N-乙酰-β-D氨基葡萄糖苷酶(Urinary N-acetyl beta-D-Glucosaminidase,NAG)水平测定,进行相关性分析并观察两组诊断阳性率.结果:随机尿组U-RBP、U-mAlb及NAG分别为(1.7± 0.9) mg/L、(76.2± 41.5) mg/L及(41.2± 30.0) U/L;晨尿组U-RBP、U-mAlb及NAG分别为(3.6±1.2)mgL、(118.5±71.)mg/L及(116.5±71.9) U/L.两组患者尿液检测指标均高于正常值,且晨尿组指标较随机尿组更高,两组数据对比存在统计学差异;随机尿组U-RBP、U-mAlb及NAG阳性例数分别为12例、6例及4例,晨尿组U-RBP、U-mAlb及NAG阳性例数分别为17例、13例及11例,晨尿组U-RBP、U-mAlb及NAG阳性率均高于随机尿组,两组数据对比存在统计学差异;随机尿组U-RBP与肾损伤相关性r=0.532,P >0.05,无明显相关性;晨尿组U-RBP与肾损伤相关性r=0.867,P<0.01,呈高度正相关.结论:随机尿及晨尿均可指示患者肾损伤出现,但随机尿蛋白指标无法有效指示肾损伤程度,对早期肾功能损害确诊准确率有限,而晨尿尿蛋白正常排泄率更高,且能够有效指示肾损伤程度,适用于糖尿病早期肾功能损伤的诊断及监测.%Objective:To explore the random urine,urinary retinol binding protein for early diagnosis of renal injury.Methods:48 patients with type Ⅱ diabetes patients in our hospital from August 2011 to August 2012 were selected and divided into two groups on the basis of random table.Random urine group:24 cases,selected urine of any time; Urinary group:24 cases,selected urine in the

  10. 视黄醇结合蛋白4与非酒精性脂肪肝病的相关研究%Relationship between serum retinol-binding protein 4 and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘滨菘; 李强; 王薇; 郭琳; 王晶; 刘姝; 张巾超

    2013-01-01

    ,blood lipid,liver function,kidney function,and serum retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) levels were determined.The risk of various indicators for NAFLD was determined by correlation analysis and logistic regression analysis.The results showed that fasting glucose levels in diabetics with or without NAFLD were significantly higher than those in NC and NAFLD groups(P<0.01).Triglyceride (TG) level in DMN group was significantly higher than those in other three groups(all P<0.01),while high density lipoprotein-cholesterol level was lower than those in other three groups(all P<0.01).Systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure in DMN group were higher than those in NC and T2DM groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01).Serum RBP4 level in patients with NAFLD was significantly higher compared with the subjects without NAFLD [45.00 (38.75,51.00) mg/L vs 51.00 (43.00,62.00) mg/L,P <0.01],and was rising with the progress of NAFLD [NAFLD-L group 44.00 (37.00,51.00) mg/L,NAFLD-M group 52.00(46.00,63.00) mg/L,and NAFLD-S group 78.5 (72.75,83.00) mg/L,all P<0.01].Logistic regression analysis showed that the RBP4 level was an independent factor associated with NAFLD (P =0.029).In addition,serum RBP4 level was correlated with body mass index,waist-to-hip ratio,serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase,total cholesterol,TG,aspartate aminotransferase,alanine aminotransferase,prealbumin,creatinine,blood urea nitrogen,and uric acid.These resuhs suggest that serum RBP4 is an independent risk factor of NAFLD.

  11. 血清视黄醇结合蛋白4与2型糖尿病视网膜病变的相关性%Association of serum retinol binding protein 4 with diabetic retinopathy in type 2 diabetes mellitus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵丽君; 王薇

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the association of retinol binding protein 4 ( RBP4) with type 2 diabetic retinopathy. Methods; Retrospective analysis on clinical parameter and biochemical indicators of 192 cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus and 59 cases of controls in physics examination center from September 2011 to June 2012. Results: Patients with retinopathy ( DR group ) and without retinopathy ( NDR group) were significantly higher in age, duration of diabetic , body mass index , waist hip ratio , systolic blood pressure , diastolic blood pressure , glycosylated hemoglobin A1c, fasting blood sugar , fasting insulin , HOMA-IR, total cholesterol, triglyceride , retinol binding protein 4, microalbuminuria and microalbuminuria/creatinine compared with object of controls (N group) ( P 0. 05 ) . The level of age , duration of diabetic , retinol binding protein 4 , microalbuminuria , microalbuminuria/creatinine ,HOMA-IR in DR group were significantly higher than those in NDR group ( P < 0. 05 ). Logistic regression analysis showed that age , duration of diabetes , retinol binding protein 4 , microalbuminuria/creatinine , HOMA-IR were independent risk factors , and diastolic blood pressure was a protective agent. Conclusion; The level of retinol binding protein 4, microalbuminuria , microalbuminuria/ creatinine ,HOMA-IR were remarkably increased in type 2 diabetes with retinopathy. retinol binding protein 4, microalbuminuria/creatinine, HOMA-IR in type 2 diabetic patients with retinopathy were independent risk factors .%目的:探讨血清视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP4)与2型糖尿病(T2DM)视网膜病变发生的相关性.方法:回顾性分析2011年9月至2012年6月间收治的192例T2DM患者(分为合并视网膜病变的DR组和未合并的NDR组)和体检中心59例正常糖调节者(N组)的临床资料和生化指标.结果:N组与NDR组及DR组相比,在年龄、病程、BMI、WHR、SBP、DBP、HbA1c、FBS、FINS、HOMA-IR、T-CH、TG、HDL-C、RBP4、mALB和尿A/C

  12. 妊高症早期肾损伤检测视黄醇结合蛋白浓度水平的意义%Significance of testing the retinol binding protein in the early kidney injury of the pregnancy-induced hypertenision syn-drome diagnosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹登成

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨妊高症早期肾损伤检测视黄醇结合蛋白浓度水平的意义,为临床诊治提供依据。方法选择2011年2月-2013年10月确诊为妊高症的孕妇100例设为试验组,选择同期健康孕检妊娠者100例设为对照组,分别检测视黄醇结合蛋白和胱抑素 C 的浓度水平,对结果进行分析。结果试验组孕妇的视黄醇结合蛋白和胱抑素 C浓度水平明显高于对照组,差异显著(P <0.05),且随着患者病情的加重呈现递增的趋势;试验各组患者孕妇的视黄醇结合蛋白和胱抑素 C 的阳性检出率分别两两比较均无明显差异(P >0.05),且患者的视黄醇结合蛋白阳性检出率均超过85.0%;临床确诊结果与视黄醇结合蛋白检测结果的 Kappa 一致性分析得出 Kappa 值等于0.86。结论视黄醇结合蛋白是一种同胱抑素 C 一样对妊高症早期肾损伤具有诊断价值的有效指标,具有较高的灵敏度和临床符合性。%Objective To explore the application meaning of the early kidney injury of the Pregnancy-induced hyper-tension syndrome diagnosis by the retinol binding protein testing,and providing the basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods Choosing 100 cases of the Pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome patients for the experimental group and 100 cases healthy check-upes for the control group,testing the retinol binding protein and Cystatin C,analy-zing the results.Results Compared with the control group,there were significantly increased of retinol binding protein and Cystatin Cof the experimental group (P 0.05),and the positive rate of the retinol binding protein of the experimental group was more than 85.00%.The Kappa of the retinol binding protein results and the clinical diagnosis was 0.86.Conclusion There is a good indicators of the retinol binding protein whcih as the Cystatin C for the early kidney injury of the Preg-nancy-induced hypertension syndrome

  13. Clinical value of detection of urinary retinol-binding protein for renal disease%尿视黄醇结合蛋白在肾脏病中的检测及评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖子飞

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨尿液视黄醇结合蛋白(UrRBP)作为肾脏疾病患者肾小管功能损害的筛选指标及其在肾脏病诊断中的价值.方法 应用免疫透射比浊法对对照组和不同肾脏病组进行UrRBP测定.结果 不同肾脏病组的UrRBP值:肾病综合征组为(11.12±7.198) mg/L,肾小球肾炎组为(3.394+2.806) mg/L,糖尿病肾病组为(6.440±4.928) mg/L,狼疮性肾炎组为(9.982±6.818) mg/L,与对照组的(0.2915±0.061) mg/L比较,各肾脏病组与对照组差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 UrRBP测定能放映出肾小管的损害程度,是检测肾小管功能损害的敏感指标.%Objective To investigate urinary retinol-binding protein (UrRBP) as the filter indicators for tubular function in patients with renal disease and its value in the diagnosis of renal disease. Methods Applying immunoturbidimetric assay, levels of UrRBP were detected in the control group and four groups of patients with different kinds of renal disease (nephritic syndrome group, glomerular nephritis group, diabetic nephropathy group, and lupus nephritis group). Results Levels of UrRBP for patients with nephritic syn drome, glomerular nephritis, diabetic nephopathy and lupus nephritis were (11.12±7.198) mg/L, (3.394± 2.806) mg/L, (6.440±4.928) mg/L and (9.982±6.818) mg/L, which showed statistically significant difference with that in the control group [(0.2915±0.061) mg/L]. Conclusion Level of UrRBP can reflect the degree of tu bular damage, serving as a sensitive index for evaluating renal disease.

  14. A study on correlation between retinol-binding protein 4 and atherosclerosis%视黄醇结合蛋白4与动脉粥样硬化关系的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高璐; 秦明照; 陈晓燕; 常志文

    2014-01-01

    目的探讨血浆视黄醇结合蛋白-4(RPB4)与动脉粥样硬化(AS)的关系。方法90例研究对象行颈动脉超声测量颈动脉内膜中层厚度(IMT),根据IMT<1.0mm与≥1.0mm分为IMT正常组和IMT增厚组,测定血浆RPB4水平。结果 IMT增厚组的总胆固醇( TC)、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇( LDL-C)、糖化血红蛋白(HbA1c)、空腹胰岛素(FINS)、胰岛素抵抗指数(HOMA-IR)、高敏C反应蛋白(hsCRP)、RBP4及冠心病、2型糖尿病、脑动脉硬化患病率均显著高于IMT正常组,差异有显著性。相关分析显示血浆RBP4与腰围、体重指数、甘油三酯、TC、LDL-C、HbA1c、HOMA-IR、hsCRP、IMT呈正相关。结论血浆RBP4在AS的发生、发展过程中起到一定作用。%Objective To investigate the correlation between plasmal retinol-binding protein 4 ( RBP4 ) levels and atherosclerosis (AS). Method According to carotid intima-media thickness(IMT), 90 subjects were divided into two groups:the normal IMT group and the thickened IMT group. Plasmal RBP4 levels were measured by ELISA. Result Plasmal TC, LDL, HbA1c, FINS, HOMA-IR, hsCRP, RBP4 levels and the morbidity rate of coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cerebral arteriosclerosis in the thickened IMT group was significantly higher than those in the normal IMT group, Plasmal RBP4 level was positively correlated with Waist, BMI, TC, TG, LDL, HbA1c, HOMA-IR, hsCRP, IMT. Conclusion Elevated RBP4 levels might affect the delevopment of AS.

  15. Detection and analysis of serum retinol binding protein in patients with different liver diseases%血清视黄醇结合蛋白在肝损伤中的意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵珺; 李平; 于乐成; 何长伦; 汪茂荣

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP)在不同临床类型肝损伤患者血清中的水平及临床意义。方法对370例肝病患者及50例健康对照者采用日立7600全自动生化分析仪分别测定 TBil、ALT、Alb 和 RBP,并进行统计分析。结果除脂肪肝组外,急性肝炎组、慢性肝炎组、药物性肝炎组、肝硬化组、自身免疫性肝炎组、肝癌组中 TBil、ALT 水平较对照组显著升高(P <0.05),Alb、RBP 水平较对照组显著降低(P <0.05)。RBP、Alb 降低具有一致性,在急性肝炎组、慢性肝炎组、药物性肝炎组、肝硬化组、肝癌组中的 RBP 异常率更高于 Alb 异常率(P <0.05)。结论RBP 检测可早期灵敏反映肝功能损伤情况,值得临床广泛使用。%Objective To investigate the levels and clinical significance of retinol binding protein (RBP)in patients with different clinical types of liver injury.Methods RBP,Total bilirubin (TB),alanine aminotransferase (ALT)and albumin (ALB)were detected and analyzed in 370 liver disease patients and 50 healthy person by Hitachi 7600 automatic biochemical analyzer.Results The TB,ALT levels were significantly higher,while the ALB and RBP levels in acute hepatitis,chronic hepatitis,drug-induced hepatitis,cirrhosis,autoimmune hepatitis,liver cancer group were significantly lower than those in control group (P <0.05),respectively.RBP declined consistently with ALB level.The abnormal rates of RBP were higher than those of ALB in acute hepatitis,chronic hepatitis,drug-induced hepatitis,cirrhosis and liver cancer groups (P <0.05),respectively.Conclusion RBP is a sensitive reflector of liver damage;it is helpful in the clinical application.

  16. Meta-analysis of Relationship Between Serum Levels of Retinol-binding Protein 4 and Diabetic Nephropathy%视黄醇结合蛋白4与糖尿病肾病关系的Meta分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪雅楠; 李强

    2015-01-01

    目的 为综合性地进一步探讨血清视黄醇结合蛋白4(retinol-binding protein 4,RBP4)水平与糖尿病肾病的相关性.方法 检索了所有RBP4与糖尿病肾病相关的已发表文献.文献来源PubMed、EMBASE、CINAHL、中国期刊全文数据库(CNKI)、中国生物医学文献数据库(CBM)和维普中文科技期刊数据库(VIP)等,共获得文献23篇,阅读文题和摘要排除文献5篇:其中非病例对照研究3篇、综述1篇、Meta分析1篇.阅读全文评估后,排除不满足纳入条件文献9篇:其中不可靠性发表4篇、分组不详文章1篇、RBP4与非糖尿病肾病相关性文章4篇,最终共纳入9项相关性研究.每一项研究均对每个变量,汇总相关系数(RS),使用随机效应荟萃分析估计.使用视黄醇结合蛋白4、2型糖尿病与糖尿病肾病作为关键词.提取相关数据并应用RevMan 5.0软件进行Meta分析.结果 共纳入725例研究对象,Meta分析结果显示2型糖尿病合并肾病组血清RBP4水平明显高于对照组,其差异有统计学意义[WMD =20.47 95%CI(11.90 29.04)P<0.00001].结论 视黄醇结合蛋白4水平与糖尿病肾病呈明显相关性.

  17. Effects of telmisartan on insulin resistance and serum retinol-binding protein 4 in patients with essential hypertension%替米沙坦对肥胖高血压患者胰岛素抵抗和血清视黄醇结合蛋白4水平的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄高忠; 张蓓; 胡挺军; 张莉; 王蓓芸; 章晓燕; 钟远

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the effects of telmisartan on insulin resistance and serum retinol-binding protein 4 in patients with essential hypertension. METHODS: Forty-five subjects with essential hypertension were treated with telmisartan (80 mg/day) or losartan (100 mg/day) combined with long-acting calcium antagonist, if necessary, for 16 weeks. Waist and hip circumference, body mass index, blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), insulin (FPI), lipid and retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4)were measured before and after the treatment. Insulin sensitivity was estimated by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR). RESULTS: Compared with baseline levels, systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreased significantly in both groups. But the levels of HOMA-IR and RBP4 decreased significantly only in telmisartan group. CONCLUSION: Telmisartan improves insulin resistance and decreases serum RBP4 level in patients with essential hypertension.%目的:观察替米沙坦对伴超重或肥胖的高血压患者血压、精脂代谢指标和血清视黄醇结合蛋白4(RBP4)水平的影响.方法:将45例门诊超重或肥胖的原发性高血压患者随机分为替米沙坦组(n=23)和氯沙坦组(n=22),分别给予替米沙坦80 mg(qd)或氯沙坦100 mg(qd),必要时加用长效钙拮抗剂,治疗16周.观察用药前后腰围、腰臀比、体质量指数、血压、空腹血糖、胰岛素、血脂和血清RBP4含量的变化.采用稳态模式法计算胰岛素抵抗指数(HOMA-IR).结果:两组治疗后,收缩压及舒张压与治疗前比较均明显下降,替米沙坦组分别降低20.5 mmHg和14.8mmHg,氧沙坦组分别降低18.3 mmH和14.2 mmHg,下降幅度组间比较无差异;替米沙坦组HOMA-IR和血清RBP4的含量明显下降,分别由7.24±1.82下降至6.02±2.16(P<0.05)和(46.9±15.0)mg/L下降至(39.8±14.8)mg/L(P<0.05).结论:替米沙坦可改善肥胖伴高血压患者的胰岛素敏感性、降低血清RBP4的水平.

  18. 对比分析视黄醇结合蛋白在高血压肾病早期检测的临床价值%To compare and analyse the clinical significance of the early diagnosis of the Hypertensive Renal Disease by the Retinol binding protein testing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁峰

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyse the clinical significance of the early diagnosis of the Hypertensive Renal Disease by the Retinol binding protein testing, in order to provide reference for clinic.Methods Choosing 113 samples of patients with Hypertensive Renal Disease for the experimental group, according to the course of hypertension can be divided into the first group of 40 patients, the second group of 36 patients and the third group of 37 patients, and choosing 40 samples of healthy for the control group,then all of them were testing the Retinol binding protein and the Cystatin C, and statistical analysis of data.Results Compared to the control group, there was obviously increased of the concentration level of the Retinol binding protein and the Cystatin C(P0.05) . The detection rate of the one phase group can be significantly improved than the single detection(P<0.05).Conclusions There is a certain clinical value of the Retinol binding protein detection for the patient monitoring, it can be effectively reduce the rate of missed diagnosis by jointing detection of the Retinol binding protein and the Cystatin C.%目的:探讨分析高血压肾病早期检测视黄醇结合蛋白的临床价值,为临床提供参考依据。方法:选择113例确诊为高血压肾病的患者设为试验组,根据高血压病程可分为一期组40人,二期组36人和三期组37人,选择同期体检健康者40人设为对照组,同时检测患者和对照者的血清视黄醇结合蛋白浓度水平和胱抑素C浓度水平,统计分析结果。结果:试验三个小组的患者视黄醇结合蛋白和胱抑素C浓度水平均明显高于对照组,差异有显著性(p<0.05),随着患者病程的增长,试验三个小组间的患者视黄醇结合蛋白和胱抑素C浓度水平呈现正相关升高(r=0.9997和r=0.9947);各组患者的视黄醇结合蛋白阳性检出率分别与对应组患者的胱抑素C阳性检出率两两比

  19. 血清视黄醇结合蛋白-4水平与胎儿宫内生长发育的关系%Relationship between serum retinol binding protein 4 level and fetal intrauterine growth and development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘鹏; 张小莉

    2011-01-01

    目的:检测新生儿血清视黄醇结合蛋白-4(RBP-4)的水平,探讨其与胰岛素水平及胎儿宫内生长发育的关系,并对相关因素进行分析.方法:用酶联免疫法检测89例新生儿血清中RBP-4和胰岛素水平,其中小于胎龄组(SGA)30例、适于胎龄组(AGA)30例、大于胎龄组(LGA)29例,并按出生体重评估新生儿宫内的营养状态.结果:①3组间RBP-4及胰岛素水平的差异有统计学意义(P均<0.05).②血清RBP-4水平与新生儿出生体重呈明显正相关(r=0.943,P<0.01);③胰岛素水平与新生儿出生体重呈明显正相关(r=0.975,P<0.01);④RBP-4水平与胰岛素水平呈明显正相关(r=0.979,P<0.01).结论:新生儿体内RBP-4水平在一定程度上反映宫内牛长发育状态,可能和胰岛素共同参与调节新生儿的生长发育.%Objective: To detect the serum retinol binding protein 4 ( RBP -4) level in neonates, explore its relationship with insulin level and fetal intrauterine growth and development, and analyze the related factors.Methods: ELISA was used to detect the serum levels of RBP-4 and insulin in 89 neonates, 89 neonates included 30 neonates in small for gestational age (SGA) group, 30 neonates in appropriate for gestational age (AGA) group and 29 neonates in large for gestational age (LGA) group, then the intrauterine nutritional conditions of the neonates were assessed according to birth weight.Results: There was significant difference in serum levels of RBP -4 and insulin among the three groups ( P < 0.05 ).There was a significant positive correlation between serum RBP - 4 level and neonatal birth weight ( γ = 0.943, P < 0.05 ); there was a significant positive correlation between serum insulin level and neonatal birth weight ( γ = 0.975, P <0.05); there was a significant positive correlation between serum RBP - 4 level and serum insulin level ( γ = 0.979, P < 0.0l ).Conclusion: Neonatal RBP-4 level reflect the state of intrauterine growth and

  20. 视黄醇结合蛋白-4与冠心病及其危险因素的关系%The Relationship between Retinol Binding Protein - 4 and Coronary Heart Disease as well as Its Risk Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂晨; 万月红; 丁进叶; 干学东; 龚斐; 任江华

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨血清视黄醇结合蛋白-4(RBP -4)水平与冠心病及其危险因素的关系。方法收集2010~2011年在我院行冠脉造影术的患者400名,其中证实冠心病301例,正常组99例。运用酶联免疫吸附法检测所有患者的血清 RBP -4 水平,应用 SPSS 18.0进行数据分析。结果冠心病组血清 RBP -4 水平较正常组高(P ﹤0.01),TC 及 TG 水平与正常组差异无统计学意义。相关分析显示冠心病患者血清 RBP -4 水平与血清总胆固醇(TC)、甘油三酯(TG)、载脂蛋白 A1(ApoA1)、尿素氮(BUN)、尿酸(UA)呈正相关(相关系数分别为0.128、0.156、0.151、0.128、0.130,P 值均小于0.05)。与总胆红素(TBILI)和间接胆红素(IBI)呈负相关(相关系数分别为-0.117、-0.131,P 值均小于0.05)。结论血清 RBP -4 水平可能为独立于高脂血症的冠心病危险因素,有望成为预测冠心病的指标。%Objective To investigate the relationship between serum retinol binding protein - 4(RBP - 4)and coronary heart disease as well as its risk factors. Methods 400 patients underwent coronary angiography were in-volved in this study from 2010 to 2011,in whom 301 subjects were diagnosed as coronary heart disease(CHD)and 99 were normal. Serum RBP - 4 levels were measured by ELISA. SPSS18. 0 statistical software was used for data analy-sis. Results Serum RBP - 4 levels in patients with CHD were significantly higher than those in normal people(P ﹤0. 01). There was no significant difference in TC and TG between the two groups. RBP - 4 level was positively correla-ted with TC,TG,ApoA1,BUN and UA( Pearson coefficient of association were 0. 128,0. 156,0. 151,0. 128 and 0. 130,P ﹤ 0. 05),while negatively correlated with TBILI and IBI(Pearson coefficient of association were - 0. 117 and - 0. 131,P ﹤ 0. 05). Conclusion RBP - 4 level may be an independent risk factor to hyperlipidemia,and hope-fully become a new

  1. 血清视黄醇结合蛋白4与慢性乙肝的相关性分析%Relationship between Serum Retinol-Binding Protein4 and Chronic Hepatitis B

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨秋红; 刘海亮; 崔景利; 燕二相; 杨凤云

    2011-01-01

    目的:观察慢性乙肝患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4(RBP4)、前白蛋白(PA)、血氨水平,分析RBP4与慢性乙肝的相关性.方法:采集90例慢性乙肝患者分为轻度组26例,中度组34例,重度组30例,另选择30例健康对照组.采用酶联免疫吸附法(ELISA)测定血清RBP4水平,采用免疫透射比浊法测定血清PA水平,用全自动生化分析仪测定血氨水平.结果:血清RBP4、PA在病例组中低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),血氨水平在病例组中高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).血清RBP4、PA、血氨水平在轻度、中度、重度组内比较P<0.05,有统计学意义.经Pearson's相关分析,血清RBP4与PA浓度呈显著正相关相关(r=0.896,P<0.01),与血氨浓度呈显著负相关(r=-0.781,P<0.01).结论:RBP4与慢性乙肝存在一定的相关性,与肝脏的损伤程度有关,可作为预测肝脏损伤的血清标志物.%Objective: To evaluate the correlation of Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) and the Chronic Hepatitis B by test the serum level of the RBP4, the prealbumin (PA) and the blood ammonia (BA).Methods: Ninety patients with Chronic Hepatitis B were divided into the mild group(n=26), the moderate group (n =34) and the severe group (n=30), 30 normal subjects without the Hepatitis B diagnosed by the laboratory examination served as the control group.The serum level of RBP4 is measured by enzyme linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA), while the PA is measured by turbidmetric immunoassay and the serum level of the BA is measured by the automatic biochemistry analyzer.Results: The serum level of RBP4 and PA were lower in the research group than the control group (P<0.05),but the blood ammonia is higher in the research group than the control group (P<0.05).The mean levels of RBP4、PA and BA among the mild, moderate and the severe group were significantly different (P<0.05).The serum level of RBP4 was significantly positive correlation with the PA (r=0

  2. Expression and the roles of serum retinol-binding protein 4 in acute stroke patients and the discussion on retinol-binding protein 4 and low density lipoprotein relationship%急性脑卒中患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4的表达及其与低密度脂蛋白关系的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王珊; 姚娟; 高小平

    2013-01-01

    Objective This study was performed to analysis the expression of serum retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) in acute stroke patients and discuss the relationship between serum RBP4 and low density lipoprotein level.Methods 81 patients of acute intracerebral hemorrhage(ICH) and 191 acute cerebral infarction(CI) patients who were in the Neurology department of Hunan Provincial People's Hospital were observed between June 2011 to June 2012.The control group includes 100 normal subjects in the mean time. All the Patients were tested their RBP4 and LDL. Compared the RBP4 level and LDL level of these three groups ,analysising the relationship be-tween these two indexes of each group. Results Compared with the control group, the levels of RBP4 and LDL of the acute Cerebral infarction (CI) group was significantly higher (P<0.001).The acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) group was higher than control group too.(P<0.01).The linear correlation analysis revealed that the level of RBP4 in CI group with the level of LDL were positive correlated. (r=0.456,P<0.001).Conclusion Serum RBP4 is probably associated with the occurrence and the development of acute stroke. The level of RBP4 has a correlation with LDL in cerebral infarction group. It may become one of the important marks of the acute cerebral infarction, it also be helpful for the prediction and early diagnosis.%  目的:探讨急性症状性脑卒中患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4(RBP4)的表达水平及其与低密度脂蛋白之间有无相关关系。方法:从本院选取2011年6月至2012年6月间住院的191例急性脑梗死患者,81例急性脑出血患者为观察组。以同期体检健康者100例为对照组。比较急性脑梗死组、急性脑出血组与对照组血清RBP4水平,低密度脂蛋白水平。分析视黄醇结合蛋白4与低密度脂蛋白的相关性。结果:与对照组相比,脑梗死组平均RBP4水平、LDL水平明显升高(P<0.001),脑出血组平均RBP4水

  3. Assessment of Retinol Binding Protein 4 in Nutritional Diseases and Liver or Kidney Diseases%视黄醇结合蛋白4检测在营养性疾病及肝肾损害检测中的临床应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟俊; 顾志冬; 陈呢喃; 张冬青

    2015-01-01

    视黄醇结合蛋白(retinol binding protein,RBP)是一种分泌型视黄醇结合蛋白,主要合成于肝脏,广泛分布于人体血液、尿液等体液中的视黄醇(VitA)运载蛋白,在协助 VitA发挥生理功能中起到关键作用[1]。最新研究表明:RBP4是一种新的脂肪细胞因子,参与胰岛素抵抗和2型糖尿病的发生,与糖尿病肾病、营养性疾病等的发展存在着一定的相关性。这一发现使得 RBP4更加受到人们的重视。该文就 RBP4的生理功能,在肝肾疾病、糖尿病等各类疾病方面的应用以及新型临床检测方法作一综述。%Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4)was a class of secreting protein,mainly synthesized by the liver,widely distribu-ted in the human body blood,urine and other body fluids.It plays an important role in assisting the physiological function of vitamin A[1].Recent research shows that RBP4 was a new kind of adipocytokine,participated in insulin resistance and occur-rence of type 2 diabetes,and had a closed relationship with diabetic nephropathy,nutritional disease.This article describes the function of RBP4,review the relationship between RBP4 and nutritional or other type of diseases,and new clinical detec-tion method with RBP4.

  4. 非酒精性脂肪性肝病模型大鼠饮食或二甲双胍干预后肝视黄醇结合蛋白4表达%Effects of dietary interventionversus metformin treatment on retinol binding protein 4 expressions in rats with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马红; 郭春花; 杨香玖; 鲁华东; 陈立刚; 黄延玲; 张文强

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Conflicting data have been reported regarding the expression of retinol-binding protein 4 in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the impact of dietary interventionversus metformin treatment on expression of retinol-binding protein 4 in rats with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. METHODS: Fifty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized to six groups, including two normal control groups (rats were kiled after 8 and 16 weeks of normal diet), two HFD groups (rats were kiled after 8 and 16 weeks of high-fat diet), one dietary intervention group (rats were kiled after 8 weeks of high-fat diet and 8 weeks of normal diet) and one metformin treatment group (rats were kiled after 8 weeks of high-fat diet and 8 weeks of high-fat diet and metformin treatment). The levels of retinol-binding protein 4 in serum and biochemical indexes were detected through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expression of retinol-binding protein 4 mRNA in liver tissues was measuredvia western blot analysis, immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease models were successfuly established by high-fat diet. Liver tissues of high-fat diet fed rats showed progressing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease histology, from non-alcoholic fatty liver to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Dietary intervention increased retinol-binding protein 4 expression in liver tissue as wel as improving liver enzyme, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance, and aleviated impaired liver histology. Metformin treatment only aleviated hepatic steatosis caused by high-fat diet. The results indicated that retinol-binding protein 4 expression might play a role in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Metformin treatment can aleviate non-alcoholic fatty liver disease histology,dietary intervention should be the fundamental treatment.%背景:目前关于血清视黄醇结合蛋白4在非酒精性脂肪性肝病中的表达水平仍存在争

  5. 2型糖尿病及糖尿病肾病患者视黄醇结合蛋白4检测的意义%Significance of retinol binding protein 4 in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and diabetic nephropathy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁艳平

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the changes and clinical significance of retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) level in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and diabetic nephropathy (DN) .Methods According to uri-nary albumin excretion rate (UAER) ,118 T2DM cases were divided into simple diabetic mellitus group (SDM group ,47 cases) ,early DN group (EDN group ,40 cases) and clinical DN group (CDN group ,31 cases) .30 health-y subjects were enrolled as controls group (NC group) .Plasma level of RBP4 was examined by using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay with double antibody sandwich method .Results Compared with NC group ,plasma levels of RBP4 and high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in SDM ,EDN and CDN group were significantly increased (P<0 .05) ,which was more obvious as pathogenetic condition aggravated .Plasma RBP4 level was positively corre-lated with hs-CRP (r=0 .77 ,P<0 .01) .RBP4 level increased as urine level of microalbumin increased in T 2DM pa-tients .Conclusion Plasma level of RBP4 could be increased in patients with T2DM ,which might be taken as an early sensitive diagnostic marker for DN .%目的探讨2型糖尿病(T2DM)及其合并肾病(DN)患者血视黄醇结合蛋白4(RBP4)浓度变化及临床意义。方法根据尿清蛋白排泄率(UAER)将118例 T2DM 患者分为单纯糖尿病(SDM )组47例、早期糖尿病肾病(EDN )组40例和临床糖尿病肾病(CDN )组31例;另选30例健康体检者作为对照(NC )组。采用酶联免疫吸附试验双抗体夹心法检测RBP4。结果 SDM 、EDN、CDN组RBP4、超敏C-反应蛋白(hs-CRP)较NC组升高(P<0.05),随病情加重,升高更为明显。RBP4与hs-CRP高度相关(r=0.77,P<0.01)。T2DM 患者血浆 RBP4水平随着尿清蛋白的增加而升高。结论 T2DM 患者血浆RBP4水平明显升高,可作为DN早期的敏感的诊断指标。

  6. Relationship between serum retinol-binding protein 4 and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in schizophrenia%精神分裂症患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4与非酒精性脂肪肝的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张书友; 孙剑; 余海鹰; 陈方斌; 张理义

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the serum retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) level in olanzapinetreated schizophrenia with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) via a case-control study and to explore its relationship with NAFLD.Methods Schizophrenia receiving olanzapine treatment,with or without NAFLD were enrolled as cases (n=60) or controls (n=60).The serum retinol-binding protein 4,metabolic syndrome component including body mass index (BMI),waist-to-hip ratio (WHR),fasting plasma glucose (FPG),total cholesterol (TG),total glycerin (TC) and blood pressure were assayed.TyG index,CT value ratio of liver and spleen were used for insulin resistance or NAFLD diagnosis and severity assessment respectively.Results The serum level of RBP4 was significantly higher in cases than that in controls ((70± 13)mg/L vs (52±12)mg/L ; t =4.943,P<0.01) and the same result was showed after influencing factor adjustment thru covariance analysis (F=16.797,P<0.01).Moreover,cases had significantly higher TyG index,BMI,WHR,FPG,TG and systolic pressure (t=2.383-4.300,P<0.05-0.01).Cases with severe or moderate NAFLD had significantly elevated serum RBP4 level compared with mild cases((79± 16) mg/L,(72±8) mg/L vs (63t9) mg/L,d =16.2,9.9 ; P<0.01,0.05).A significantly negative correlation between RBP4 level and the CT value ratio of liver and spleen (r=-0.244,P<0.05),and a significantly positive correlation between RBP4 level and TyG index,BMI,WHR,TG(r=0.197-0.244,all P<0.05) were observed.The partial coefficient between RBP4 level and CT value of liver and spleen was significant with influence adjusted(r=-0.453,P<0.01).Logistic regression showed that serum RBP4 level(β3=0.105,P<0.01)and TyG index,hyperlipidemia,obesity,central obesity or high blood pressure (β =1.288-9.711,P< 0.05-0.01) were closely associated with NAFLD.Conclusion A heighten serum RBP4 level may be one of NAFLD risk factors in schizophrenia treated with olanzapine.%目的 对精神分裂症伴发非酒

  7. 大鼠肝脏组织视黄醇结合蛋白4在衰老过程中表达及与胰岛素抵抗的关系%The increased expression of retinol binding protein 4 during aging in rat liver and the relation to insulin resistance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兆君; 张秀锦; 何疆春; 杨晔; 叶平

    2012-01-01

    Objective;To investigate difference expression of retinol binding protein 4( RBP4) during aging in liver tissue of rat and explore the molecular mechanism of insulin resistance(IR). Methods: We used the minimal model technique of Bergman to estimate the insulin sensitivity of young(8 - 12 weeks) and aged (24months) rat. The levels of RBP4 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptora ( PPARα) mRNA were measured by reverse transcription-polymerse chain reaction ( RT-PCR) and the proteins of RBP4 and PPARα were determined by western blotting,respectively. Results;The degree of IR in the aged group was significantly increased compared with that in the young group. The RBP4mRNA and protein of the aged group were significantly increased. The PPARα mRNA and protein of the aged group were significantly decreased. Conclusion: The mechanism of IR during aging is probably associated with the increased expression of RBP4 in rat liver.%目的:观察大鼠肝脏组织视黄醇结合蛋白4( retinol binding protein4,RBP4)在衰老过程中表达差异,在分子水平上探讨衰老过程中出现胰岛素抵抗(insulin resistance,IR)的可能机制.方法:用Bergman创立的微小模型技术评价年轻鼠(8~12周龄)和老年鼠(24个月龄)的胰岛素敏感性,取大鼠肝脏组织提取总RNA,采用半定量RT-PCR法检测RBP4和过氧化体增殖物激活型受体α(peroxisome proliferator-activated receptorα,PPARα)mRNA水平,用Western blot法检测RBP4和PPARα蛋白表达情况.结果:与年轻鼠组比较,老年鼠组存在明显的胰岛素抵抗,而老年鼠组的RBP4mRNA及蛋白表达明显升高,PPARαmRNA及蛋白表达明显减少.结论:衰老过程中大鼠肝脏组织RBP4表达升高可能与胰岛素抵抗有关.

  8. Relationship between the Level of Serum Retinol-Binding Protein 4 and the Extent of Coronary Lesions in Coronary Heart Disease Accompanied with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus%冠心病合并2型糖尿病血清视黄醇结合蛋白4水平与冠状动脉病变程度的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敏; 唐荣珍; 曹晓红; 张维; 辜晓惠; 董巍

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between the level of serum retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) and the extent of coronary lesions in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients accompanied with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods A total of 120 patients with CHD diagnosed by coronary arteriongraphy between October 2008 and April 2010 were enrolled. The patients were divided into two groups: CHD group (60 patients); CHD accompanied with T2DM group (60 patients). The levels of serum insulin, adiponectin and RBP4 were measured. All the patients underwent coronary angiography and the extent of coronary lesions was assessed quantitatively based on the Gensini's scoring system. Results The levels of serum insulin, plasma RBP4 and the extent of coronary artery stenosis in CHD accompanied with T2DM group were significantly higher than those in CHD group (P<0. 05). Correlation analysis showed that the level of RBP4 was positively correlated with LDL-C, insulin resistance index and the coronary artery narrow degree(r=0. 312, 0. 322, 0. 314; P<0. 05); and negatively correlated with adiponectin (r=-0. 362, P<0. 01). Conclusion The significant elevated plasma RBP4 in CHD patients accompanied with T2DM is positively correlated with the extent of coronary artery lesion.%目的 研究合并2型糖尿病的冠心病患者冠状动脉病变程度与血清视黄醇结合蛋白4( retinol-binding protein 4,RBP4)水平的相关性.方法 2008年10月- 2010年4月选择性冠状动脉造影确诊的冠心病患者共120例,分为单纯冠心病组(A组)60例和冠心病合并糖尿病组(B组)60例,检测血糖、血脂、胰岛素以及脂联素、RBP4水平;根据冠状动脉造影结果,以Gensini评分评判冠状动脉病变程度.结果 B组空腹血糖、胰岛素、RBP4均显著高于A组(P<0.05);冠状动脉病变程度更重(P<0.05).相关性分析显示RBP4水平与低密度脂蛋白胆固醇、胰岛素抵抗和冠状动脉病变积分呈正相关(r=0.312、0.322

  9. Influência da resposta inflamatória de fase aguda nos níveis séricos de retinol e da proteína de ligação do retinol em pacientes com AIDS Influence of acute-phase inflammatory response on serum levels of retinol and retinol binding protein in HIV/AIDS patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Fernandes Neves

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: a hiporretinolemia constitui fator prognóstico independente em pacientes com AIDS, e a atividade inflamatória causa redução dos níveis séricos deste nutriente na população em geral. Entretanto, faltam estudos que avaliem o impacto da atividade inflamatória sobre o nível sérico do retinol em pacientes com AIDS. MÉTODOS: foram avaliados transversalmente 41 pacientes internados por complicações da AIDS, que tiveram quantificados alguns marcadores de inflamação (proteína C reativa e fator de necrose tumoral alfa e concentrações séricas de retinol e da proteína de ligação do retinol. RESULTADOS: apesar da baixa (14,6% prevalência de hiporretinolemia evidenciou-se correlação negativa dos marcadores de inflamação com os níveis séricos de retinol e de sua proteína de ligação nos pacientes com AIDS. CONCLUSÕES: a atividade inflamatória de fase aguda está associada a baixos níveis séricos de retinol em indivíduos com AIDS.INTRODUCTION: Hyporetinolemia is an independent prognostic factor in AIDS patients. Inflammatory activity causes a reduction in the serum levels of this nutrient in the general population. However, there are no studies assessing the impact of inflammatory activity on the serum retinol level in AIDS patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional assessment was conducted on 41 patients hospitalized due to AIDS complications. Inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein and tumor necrosis factor-alpha and serum retinol and retinol binding protein concentrations were quantified. RESULTS: Despite the low (14.6% prevalence of hyporetinolemia, a significant negative correlation was observed between the inflammatory markers and the serum retinol and retinol binding protein levels in AIDS patients. CONCLUSIONS: Acute-phase inflammatory activity is associated with low serum retinol levels in individuals with AIDS.

  10. Levels of Retinol-Binding Protein 4 in Neonates Umbilical Blood and Serum of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Patients and Normal Pregnant Women during Different Gestational Weeks%妊娠期糖尿病患者和正常孕妇在不同孕周中血清及新生儿脐血中视黄醇结合蛋白4的含量变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙霞; 韩淑娟; 纪向虹; 王茜

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To study the expression of retinol-binding protein 4 in neonates umbilical blood and serum of gestational diabetics and normal pregnant women during different gestational weeks in order to provide basis for the estimation and treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM).Method:Among the pregnant women who received antenatal care in our hospital from January 2013 to December 2013,50 pregnant women with GDM were selected as the experimental group,50 normal pregnant women were selected as the control group.The retinol-binding protein 4 levels in serum of neonates umbilical cord and pregnancy of 31 to 33 weeks and 37 to 41 weeks were detected through ELISA method.Result:The retinol-binding protein 4 was increased according with the increase of gestational weeks, the differences of it in different times were statistically significant(P<0.001). The retinol-binding protein 4 of the experimental group in different times was higher than that of the control group,the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001).The difference values in retinol-binding protein 4 of the two groups were increased with the time, the differences were statistically significant(P<0.001).The ranges of retinol-binding protein 4 in the experimental group were greater than those in the control group, the differences were statistically significant(P<0.001).The retinol-binding protein 4 of the experimental group had positive correlations with FBG,FINS and HOMA-IR(P<0.001). Conclusion:Retinol-binding protein 4 levels may use as the basis for the prediction and assessment of GDM and as the guidelines for the treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus.%目的:研究视黄醇结合蛋白4在妊娠期糖尿病患者和正常孕妇的不同孕周的血清及新生儿脐血中的表达,为妊娠期糖尿病的预测及治疗提供依据。方法:选择2013年1-12月在本院产科产检的妊娠期糖尿病孕妇50例作为试验组,正常孕妇50例作

  11. Relationship between serum retinol binding protein 4 and the heart rate variability in hypertension patients with acute cerebral infarction%高血压病合并急性脑梗死患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4与心率变异性的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘涛生; 张爱军; 周志鸿; 郑凤霞

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between serum retinol binding protein 4 ( RBP4 ) and heart rate variability HRV )in hypertension patients with acute cerebral infarction. Methods 78 cases of hypertension patients with a-cute cerebral infarction were enrolled in the observation group, 50 cases of simple hypertension patients were enrolled in the control group. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay of serum RBP4 levels of the subjects were measured, ambulatory blood pressure were used to monitor heart rate variability time domain parameters, included SDNN, SDANN, SDNN index, rMSSD and PNN50. Results The serum retinol binding protein 4 levels in control group and observation group were( 15. 5 ± 5.4 )mg/ L and( 24. 2 ±7. 6 )mg/L respectively, the difference between them was statistically significant( P <0. 01 ). The time domain HRV parameters in control group and observation group were as follows, SDNN ( 112. 3 ±21. 9 vs. 79. 7 ± 19. 1 )ms, SDANN (36.1 ±9.3 vs. 25. 8±7.2)ms,SDNN index(96.7±26. 8 vs. 81.3 ±25.0 )ms,rMSSD ( 23.2 ±7.9 vs. 19.4 ±5.7 )ms, PNN50 ( 8. 9 ±4. 1 vs. 5. 7 ±3. 2 )% ,these data in the observation group were lwoer than in the control group,the differences were statistically significant P <0.05 ). Pearson linear correlation analysis showed that serum RBP4 and SDNN( r = - 0. 483, P <0.01 ), SDANN( r = -0.452, P <0.01 ), SDNN index( r = -0.414, P <0.01 ),rMSSD( r = -0.293, P < 0. 05 ), PNN50( r = -0.286, P <0. 05 ) were negative correlated. Conclusion The serum retinol binding protein 4 was negative correlated with heart rate variability parameters. Serum retinol binding protein 4 might be part of autonomic imbalance in hypertension patients with acute cerebral infarction.%目的 探讨高血压病合并急性脑梗死患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4(RBP4)与心率变异性(HRV)之间的关系.方法 选择78例高血压病合并急性脑梗死患者为观察组,以50例单纯高血压病为对照组.采用酶联免疫吸

  12. 血清视黄醇结合蛋白4水平与2型糖尿病并发急性脑梗死的相关性研究%The study of the correlation of serum retinol binding protein 4 in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients combined with acute cerebral Infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹灵; 张真稳; 朱妍

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨血清视黄醇结合蛋白4(retinol-binding protein,RBP4)水平与2型糖尿病并发急性脑梗死的相关性。方法选取2014年6月-2015年1月在扬州大学医学院附属医院住院的30例2型糖尿病并发急性脑梗死患者、30例2型糖尿病并发陈旧性脑梗死患者、30例2型糖尿病不合并脑梗死患者、30例非糖尿病脑梗死患者及30例同期体检健康者。比较各组受检者的总胆固醇(TC)、甘油三酯(TG)、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(LDL-C)、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDL-C)、脂蛋白(a)[LP (a)]、胱抑素C(Cyc-C)、空腹血糖(FPG)、糖化血红蛋白(HbA1c)、RBP4水平。采用Spearman相关分析RBP4的相关因素,采用二分类Logistic回归分析2型糖尿病并发急性脑梗死的影响因素。结果①5组受检者收缩压( SBP)、FPG、TG、HDL-C、Cyc-C、HbA1c、RBP4水平差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);其中2型糖尿病并发急性脑梗死组患者血清RBP4水平均高于对照组、2型糖尿病并发陈旧性脑梗死患者组、2型糖尿病患者组、脑梗死患者组。②Spearman相关分析显示,血清TG、Cyc-C水平均与RBP4呈正相关(r值分别为0.309和0.176,P值均<0.05),血清HDL-C水平与RBP4呈负相关(r值为-0.249,P<0.01)。③二分类Logistic回归分析显示,RBP4与2型糖尿病并发急性脑梗死存在回归关系(OR=1.188,P<0.05),收缩压(SBP)和舒张压(DBP)与2型糖尿病并发陈旧性脑梗死存在回归关系(分别为OR=1.133,P<0.01;OR=0.879,P<0.05)。结论高血清RBP4水平可能是2型糖尿病并发急性脑梗死的危险因子之一,血清RBP4升高与血脂偏高有关。%Objective To explore the relation between serum retinol binding protein 4 ( RBP4 ) level and type 2 diabetes mellitus patients combined with acute cerebral infarction.Methods The patients who were admitted to the Affiliated

  13. Effects of retinol binding protein 4 knockdown on the PI3K/Akt pathways in porcine adipocytes%干扰视黄醇结合蛋白4对猪脂肪细胞PI3K/Akt信号通路的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒲蕾; 程佳; 吴国芳; 杨浩; 仇杨; 张振宇; 杨公社; 孙世铎

    2013-01-01

    视黄醇结合蛋白4 (Retinol binding protein 4,RBP4)是一种脂肪细胞分泌因子,其表达水平的升高与胰岛素抵抗及Ⅱ型糖尿病等疾病密切相关,但具体作用机制尚不清楚.为明确此机制,通过包装RBP4干扰慢病毒并侵染猪前体脂肪细胞.运用胰岛素激活及诱导胰岛素抵抗模型,利用QRT-PCR及Western blotting方法检测RBP4的干扰效率及处理组PI3K/Akt信号通路相关基因的表达.结果显示RBP4的基因及蛋白的干扰效率达到60%(P<0.01)以上.进一步研究发现在胰岛素诱导及胰岛素抵抗的情况下,LH1-shRBP4干扰后可显著提高胰岛素信号通路AKT2、PI3K.GLUT4和IRS1基因mRNA的表达;明显促进AKT2、PI3K和IRS1蛋白的磷酸化;提高AKT2、PI3K和GLUT4基因的总蛋白水平.总之,RBP4干扰通过上调PI3K/Akt胰岛素信号通路相关因子的表达及其磷酸化水平,提高了胰岛素敏感性.此研究将为胰岛素抵抗相关疾病的治疗提供新思路.%Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) is adipocyte-derived secreted adipokines and elevated RBP4 expression level was closely related to insulin resistance and type Ⅱ diabetes mellitus. However, the exact mechanisms are unknown. To clarify the mechanism, RBP4 lentivirus particles were packaged to infect porcine preadipocytes. Then porcine preadipocytes were activated by insulin or induced model of insulin resistance. RBP4 interference efficiency and the gene expression of each treatment groups in PBK/Akt pathways were examined by QRT-PCR and Western blotting. The result shows that RBP4 mRNA and protein expressions were suppressed more than 60% (P<0.01). Furthermore, no matter under insulin stimulation or insulin resistance, RBP4 knockdown significantly increased the mRNA expressions of AKT2, PI3K, GLUT4 and IRS1 compared with the control. The protein phosphorylate levels of AKT2, PI3K, IRS1 arised, meanwhile enhanced the AKT2, PI3K, GLUT4 total protein expressions. Collectively

  14. SIGNIFICANCE OF URINARY RETINOL BINDING PROTEIN IN DIAGNOSIS OF EARLY RENAL TUBULAR INJURY%尿视黄醇结合蛋白检测在糖尿病早期肾小管损伤诊断中的意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊淑珍; 刘云彪; 张彩虹

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To determine the content of Urinary Retinol Binding Protein( RBP)in urine and further,and explore the effects and significance of RBP in the diagnosis of early renal tubular injury in patients with hypertention and diabetes. Methods; 106 patients with diabetes and hypertention were divided into 6 groups,which were the group of the patients with single hypertention,hypertention complicated with kidney diseases, diabetes without kidney diseases, diabetes complicated with kidney diseases, diabetes complicated with hypertension and the patients complicated with diabetes, hypertention and kidney diseases. Meanwhile,55 healthy patients were setted as normal control group. OLYMPUS AU2700 fully automatic biochemistry analyzer was used to assay RBP in each group. Results: The RBP Value was 0.45 ±0. 16 in normal group,the RBP value were between 0. 57 ±0. 18 and 17. 22 ± 3. 11 in experience group, which implies the RBP in the hypertention patients complicated with diabetes is significantly different from group. Conclusions: Assay of RBP is important to make a diagnosis of early renal tubular injury in patients with hypertention and diabetes, which can be termed as a reference index in diagnosing early renal tubular injury in patients with hypertention and diabetes.%目的:检测尿液中视黄醇结合蛋白( Retinol - binding protein,RBP)含量水平,探讨尿液中RBP在高血压、糖尿病早期肾小管损伤中的作用及意义.方法:选取106例糖尿病及高血压病人,分为高血压无肾病组、高血压合并肾病组、糖尿病无肾病组、糖尿病合并肾病组、糖尿病高血压无肾病组和糖尿病高血压合并肾病组等6个组,同时选择55例正常体检病人做对照组.采用OLYMPUS AU2700全自动生化分析仪对各组尿液RBP进行检测,并经统计学分析处理.结果:正常对照组尿液RBP值0.45±0.16;实验组尿液RBP在0.57±0.18~17.22±3.11之间.即高血压和糖尿病病人尿液

  15. Association of serum lipoprotein (a) level,retinol-binding protein 4 with diabetic retinopathy in type 2 diabetes%血清脂蛋白(a)和视黄醇结合蛋白4与2型糖尿病视网膜病变的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田婷; 马向华; 沈捷

    2011-01-01

    Objective; To investigate the independent risk factors related to the development of diabetic retinopathy (DR) for type 2 diabetic patients. Methods; A case-control study containing 82 DR patients and 86 diabetics patients without DR (NDR) was per-formed from January,2009 to December,2010. The clinical parameter and biochemical indicators were compared between the two groups. Conditional Logistic regression analysis was further performed to assess variables independently associated with the DR de-veloping. Results; In the univariate analysis,duration of diabetes,HbA1c,diastolic blood pressure and retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) were significant between DR and NDR. Logistic regression analysis showed that duration of diabetes(OR=2.41 ;95%CI; 1.12-5.18),lipoprotein (a) (OR=2.22;95% CI: 1.15~4.31) and RBP4 (OR=2.95;95% CI:1.54~5.65) were significant and independent predictors of the DR developing. Conclusion; These data suggest that duration of diabetes,lipoprotein(a) and RBP4 level are inde-pendent risk factors for the development of DR in type 2 diabetics.%目的:探讨2型糖尿病视网膜病变发生的独立危险因素.方法:选取南京医科大学第一附属医院内分泌科2009年1月~2010年12月82例糖尿病视网膜病变患者和86例不伴有视网膜病变的2型糖尿病患者进行病例-对照研究.比较两组临床参数及生化指标,对于有意义的指标进一步行Logistic回归分析,寻找糖尿病视网膜病变的独立预后指标.结果:单变量分析结果显示,两组间糖尿病病程、糖化血红蛋白、舒张压及视黄醇结合蛋白4(retinol-binding protein 4,RBP4)有统计学差异.Logistic回归分析显示:糖尿病病程(OR=2.41;95% CI:1.12~5.18)、脂蛋白(a) (OR=2.22;95% CI:1.15~4.31)和RBP4 (OR=2.95;95% CI:1.54~5.65)是糖尿病视网膜病变发生的独立预测指标.结论:脂蛋白(a)和RBP4是糖尿病视网膜病变发生的危险因素,且为独立的预测因子.

  16. 飞行员血液视黄醇结合蛋白4与冠心病危险因素的相关性%Research on correlation between blood retinol binding protein4 and coronary heart disease risk factors in pilots

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芳芳; 罗惠兰; 蒋晓旋; 那美晶; 代传芬

    2015-01-01

    目的:研究飞行员血液视黄醇结合蛋白4(retinol binding protein 4,RBP4)水平变化及其与冠心病危险因素的相关性。方法选取军事飞行员477例,冠心病患者44例,普通地面工作健康体检者202例,采用酶联免疫吸附法测定受试者RBP4水平,测量身高、体重、血压等,并采集记录相应生化数据:总胆固醇(TC)、三酰甘油(TG)、空腹血糖(FBG)、尿酸(UA),应用统计软件进行统计检验。结果冠心病组血液RBP4水平明显高于普通健康人群组(t=5.986,P<0.01);飞行员组血液RBP4水平明显高于普通健康人群组(t=4.822,P<0.01)。在相同年龄组中,飞行员组血液RBP4水平均高于普通健康人群组(t=2.091、3.048、3.424,P<0.05),但飞行员各年龄组间血液RBP4水平差异无统计学意义;飞行员组不同飞行时间组间血液RBP4水平差异无统计学意义。结论飞行因素可能导致飞行员血液RBP4水平升高,而RBP4水平升高可能是飞行员冠心病的危险因素。%ObjectiveTo study the change of blood retinol binding protein 4(RBP4) concentration in pilots and investigate the correlation between RBP4 and coronary heart disease(CHD) risk factors for the pilots.MethodsSerum sample were taken from 477 military pilots,44 patients with coronary heart disease and 202 healthy ground service personnel. The serum level of RBP4 was measured by enzyme linked immune sorbent assay(ELISA), the body height, weight, blood Pressure were measured, and the appropriate biochemical data: total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), fasting blood glucose (FBG), uric acid (UA) were collected and recorded, and statistical software was adopted for the statistical testing.ResultsThe serum level of RBP4 in CHD was significantly higher thannormal healthy population group (t=5.986,P<0.01); the serum level of RBP4 in pilot was significantly higher than normal healthy population group (t=4

  17. 急性心肌梗死患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4的变化及意义%Changes of serum retinol binding proteins 4 (RBP4) of acute myocardial infarction patients and its significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王治中

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To observe the changes of serum retinol binding proteins 4 (RBP4) of acute myocardial infarction patients , and to discuss the significance of detecting serum RBP4 in acute myocardial infarction. METHODS 59 patients with a-cute myocardial infarction (AMI) and coronary intervention after surgery, 31 cases of patients without AMI, 40 patients in control group, all used enzyme-linked immunosorbent adsorption method (ELISA) to determinate RBP4 serum level. RESULTS Serum RBP4 in patients with acute myocardial infarction was higher than other group (P < 0.01), serum RBP4 level before and after coronary intervention surgery was obviously different (P< 0.01). CONCLUSION RBP4 could be as early diagnosis and clinical observation index for acute myocardial infarction.%目的 观察急性心肌梗死患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4 (RBP4)的变化,探讨检测血清RBP4在急性心肌梗死中的意义.方法 59例急性心肌梗死(AMI)患者及冠脉介入手术后,31例非AMI患者,40例对照组,均采用酶联免疫吸附法(ELISA)测定血清RBP4水平.结果 急性心肌梗死患者血清RBP4高于其他对照组(P<0.01),冠脉介入手术前后血清RBP4水平有明显变化(P<0.01).结论 RBP4可作为急性心肌梗死早期诊断和疗效观察指标.

  18. The correlation between retinol binding protein 4 and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus%视黄醇结合蛋白4与新诊断2型糖尿病合并非酒精性脂肪肝的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桑谊荃; 马向华; 倪娟; 谢媛; 李晓娜; 俞岭

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the metabolic characteristics of newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and the correlation between retinol binding protein 4 in newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.Methods:A total of 216 patients with newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes were enrolled in this study.They were divided into two groups according to with or without NAFLD.We compared the blood pressure,body mass index (BMI),blood lipids [TC,TG,HDL,LDL,Lp (a)],fasting glucose,fasting insulin,HbA1c,uric acid,liver function and retinol binding protein 4(RBP4).Logistic regression and Pearson correlation were performed to analyze the related factors.Results:The levels of BMI,systolic blood pressure,diastolic blood pressure were much higher in T2DM with NAFLD group than T2DM without NAFLD group.After adjustment of age,sex and BMI,the levels of triglyceride,total cholesterol,fasting insulin,insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR),ALT,γ-GGT,uric acid,RBP4 were significant higher in newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes with NAFLD disease (P < 0.05).In logistic regression analysis,BMI,ALT and RBP4 were significant and independent predictors of newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes with NAFLD (P < 0.05).RBP4 was significantly correlated with HOMA-IR,HbA 1 c,FINS,γ-GGT,UA (P < 0.05).Conclusion:The results suggest that newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes with NAFLD displayed with the components of metabolic syndrome RBP4 may be an important indicator of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes.%目的:探讨新诊断的2型糖尿病(type 2 diabetes mellitus,T2DM)合并非酒精性脂肪肝(nonalcoholic fatty liver disease,NAFLD)的代谢特征及与视黄醇结合蛋白4(retinol binding protein 4,RBP4)的关系.方法:收集新诊断的T2DM住院患者216例,根据是否合并NAFLD分为T2DM伴有NAFLD组144例和T2DM不伴NAFLD组72例.测量两组患者血压、体质指数(body mass index

  19. Investigation of urine β2-microglobulin, retinol binding protein and mAlb determination in the diagnosis of chronic cadmium poisoning%尿液β2-微球蛋白、视黄醇结合蛋白和微量白蛋白测定对慢性镉中毒诊断价值的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周妮; 伍细言; 彭艳华; 易海燕

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To explore the changes and the clinical significance of its value of urine p2-microglobulin ((β2-mi-croglobulin, β2-MG) , retinol binding protein (retinol binding protein, RBP) and mAlb (Microalbuminuria, mAlb) in the diagnosis of chronic cadmium poisoning. METHODS Urinary β2-MG, RBP and mAlb were detected in 86 inpatients whose twice cadmium exceeded (cadmium > 5μg/g.Cr) and normal medical groups (102 people) by latex enhanced immunoturbidi-metric assay, which was adjusted with urine creatinine, then the results of two populations were compared. RESULTS β2-MG, RBP and mAlb by creatinine correction had different levels increasing in the group with urinary cadmium exceeding compared with the normal population. In urinary β2-MG (β2-MG > 1 000.0μg/g.cr) , RBP (RBP > 1 000.0μg/g.cr) , mAlb (mAlb > 30.0mg/g.cr), the positive rates of β2-MG, RBP, mAlb were 40.7%, 37.2%, 46.5%; Positive rates of β2-MG + RBP, β2-MG + mAlb, RBP + mAlb were 51.2%, 58.2%, 54.7%, which was combination with at least one of positive; The positive rate of three combined (β2-MG + RBP + mAlb) was 59.3%, the positive rates of latter three combinations was greater than only urinary β2-MG or RBP and urinary cadmium exceeded twice as the standard diagnosis of chronic cadmium poisoning in GBZ17-2002 "occupational cadmium poisoning diagnostic criteria" . CONCLUSION The urinary β2-MG, RBP, and mAlb of early kidney damage indicators increase in varying degrees in occupational cadmium exceeded the population, and joint detection in combination with clinical symptoms contribute to overall diagnosis of chronic cadmium poisoning patients in cadmium exceeded population.%目的 探讨尿β2-微球蛋白(β2-microglobulin,β2-MG)、视黄醇结合蛋白(retinol binding protein,RBP)和微量白蛋白(Microalbuminuria,mAlb)的改变在慢性镉中毒诊断中的临床意义及其价值.方法 分别应用胶乳增强免疫比浊法、免疫透射比浊法、免疫速率比浊法对某

  20. The clinical application of cystatin C, retinol binding protein and D-dimer in preeclampsia diagnosis%子痫前期患者胱抑素C、视黄醇结合蛋白、D-二聚体检测的临床应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳春; 雒雪

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨胱抑素C(cystatin C, CysC)、视黄醇结合蛋白(retinol binding protein, RBP)、D-二聚体(D-dimer, D-D)在子痫前期患者诊断中的临床应用价值。方法选取我院220例晚期妊娠住院的子痫前期患者为研究对象,分为轻度子痫前期组120例,重度子痫前期组100例,选择同期正常孕妇100例为对照组,检测所有受试者CysC、RBP及D-D的水平,对检测结果进行统计学分析。结果轻度子痫前期组、重度子痫前期组及对照组间CysC、RBP及D-D差异均有统计学意义(P均<0.05);轻度子痫前期组、重度子痫前期组CysC、RBP及D-D检测结果均高于对照组,且差异均具有统计学意义(P均<0.05);轻度子痫前期组CysC、RBP及D-D的检测结果均高于对照组,且差异均有统计学意义(P均<0.05)。结论 CysC、RBP及D-D在子痫前期病情严重程度评估方面有重要的临床参考意义。%Objective To study the clinical application value of cystatin C (CysC), retinol binding protein(RBP) and D-dimer(D-D) in preeclampsia diagnosis. Methods 220 cases patients with preeclamp-sia in our hospital from May 2015 to February 2016 were collected , and were divided into mild preeclampsia group(120 cases), severe preeclampsia group(100 cases). 100 cases normal pregnant women at the same pe-riod were collected as control group. The CysC, RBP and D-D levels of all the subjects were all detected, and the results were analyzed statistically. Results There were statistical significance in the differences of serum CysC, RBP and D-D levels among mild preeclampsia group, severe preeclampsia group and control group (Pall<0.05). The CysC, RBP and D-D levels in mild preeclampsia group and severe preeclampsia group were all higher than that of control group, and the differences all had statistical significance(Pall<0.05). The CysC, RBP and D-D levels in severe preeclampsia group were all

  1. 尿液视黄醇结合蛋白-4水平变化在慢性心力衰竭患者中的临床价值%The Changes and Clinical Significance of Urinary Retinol-binding Protein-4 Protein Level in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴海浪

    2013-01-01

    目的探讨尿液蛋白视黄醇结合蛋白-4(RBP-4)在临床应用中的价值。方法运用酶联免疫吸附法对60例正常对照组和108例慢性心力衰竭患者的尿液样本进行RBP-4蛋白浓度检测,结合临床资料进行统计分析。结果尿液RBP-4蛋白在慢性心力衰竭患者中含量显著高于正常对照组(1.66±0.82 mg/ml vs.0.28±0.11 mg/ml,P<0.0001),且其含量在慢性心力衰竭患者合并有肾功能损害时显著升高,差异有显著性意义(P=0.0015)。结论检测尿液视黄醇结合蛋白-4(RBP-4)的水平对于诊断和监测慢性心力衰竭进展有一定应用价值。%Objective To study the significance of urinary Retinol-binding protein-4 (RBP-4) in the urine form patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Methods We applied enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to measure the expression level of RBP-4 in the urine from 60 normal controls and 108 patients with CHF validation, then the statistical analysis was done with the ELISA results coupled with clinical data. Results The level of RBP-4 was significantly elevated in urine form CHF patients versus normal controls (1.66±0.82 mg/ml vs. 0.28±0.11 mg/ml,P <0.0001). Moreover, RBP-4 was markedly increased in CHF patients with impaired renal function than normal renal function(P=0.0015.)Conclusion The urinary RBP-4 level may have an important value in detection and surveil ance of chronic heart failure.

  2. Consumption of fructose- but not glucose-sweetened beverages for 10 weeks increases circulating concentrations of uric acid, retinol binding protein-4, and gamma-glutamyl transferase activity in overweight/obese humans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cox Chad L

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Prospective studies in humans examining the effects of fructose consumption on biological markers associated with the development of metabolic syndrome are lacking. Therefore we investigated the relative effects of 10 wks of fructose or glucose consumption on plasma uric acid and RBP-4 concentrations, as well as liver enzyme (AST, ALT, and GGT activities in men and women. Methods As part of a parallel arm study, older (age 40–72, overweight and obese male and female subjects (BMI 25–35 kg/m2 consumed glucose- or fructose-sweetened beverages providing 25% of energy requirements for 10 wks. Fasting and 24-h blood collections were performed at baseline and following 10 wks of intervention and plasma concentrations of uric acid, RBP-4 and liver enzyme activities were measured. Results Consumption of fructose, but not glucose, led to significant increases of 24-h uric acid profiles (P P = 0.012, as well as plasma GGT activity (P = 0.04. Fasting plasma uric acid concentrations increased in both groups; however, the response was significantly greater in subjects consuming fructose (P = 0.002 for effect of sugar. Within the fructose group male subjects exhibited larger increases of RBP-4 levels than women (P = 0.024. Conclusions These findings suggest that consumption of fructose at 25% of energy requirements for 10 wks, compared with isocaloric consumption of glucose, may contribute to the development of components of the metabolic syndrome by increasing circulating uric acid, GGT activity, suggesting alteration of hepatic function, and the production of RBP-4.

  3. 视黄醇结合蛋白RBP4可与多种核受体相互作用%Retinol Binding Protein Could Interacts with Many Nuclear Receptors

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    陈健; 陈敏; 陈彬; 李渝萍; 李强; 周度金

    2004-01-01

    In order to explore the tunctions ot retinol bining protein (RBP4)in regulation of gene expression, yeast two hybrid assay and transient co-transforming were used to detect the interactions between RBP4 and nuclear receptors and the effects of over-expressed RBP4 on trans-activation functions of human estrogen receptor related receptor 1 (hERR1) and human estrogen (hER). The requirement of activation function domain-2 (AF-2) for hER to interact with RBP4 was also detected by the yeast two hybrid assay. The results show that RBP4 could interact with many nuclear receptors including mouse estrogen receptor related receptor 3 (mERR3), retinoid X receptor (RXR), glucocorticoid receptor (GR), progestin receptor (PR),and androgen receptor (AR) in yeast cells. Over-expressed RBP4 could strongly enhance the trans-activation functions of hERR1 and hER in a dose-dependent manner, respectively. RBP4 could also interact with hER in an AF-2-dependent manner.

  4. The Correlation Research between Retinol Binding Protein 4 and Inflammatory Cytokines of Patients with Coronary Heart Disease%冠心病患者炎性因子的变化及其与血清视黄醇结合蛋白4水平的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴桂平; 付鑫; 张彦红; 邹慕蔚; 万多

    2014-01-01

    Objective To discuss the relationship between the high sensitivity C-reactive protein(hs-CRP),interleukin-6,monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and Retinol binding protein 4 of patients with coronary heart disease. Methods The healthy group, AS group and CHD group were collected. The serum level of RBP4, hs-CRP, IL-6, MCP-1 was measured.Results Compared with the healthy group, The serum level of RBP4 and hs-CRP, IL-6. MCP-1 were higher in AS and CHD group that in healthy group (P<0.05 or P<0.01).Correlation analysis showed that The serum level of RBP4 and hs-CRP,IL-6.MCP-1 were signiifeantly positive correlation in AS and CHD group. Conclusion RBP4 involve the Inlfammatory reaction process of Atherosclerosis, which could partake the the occurrence of coronary heart disease development through many ways directly or indirectly.%目的:探讨冠心病患者血清高敏C反应蛋白(hs-CRP)、白细胞介素-6(IL-6)、MCP-1与视黄醇结合蛋白4(RBP4)的相关性。方法分别收集健康组、动脉粥样硬化组、CHD组患者,检测其空腹血清RBP4、hs-CRP、IL-6、MCP-1水平。结果与健康组相比,AS组、CHD组患者血清RBP4、hs-CRP、IL-6、MCP-1含量明显升高(P<0.05或P<0.01);相关性分析显示AS组、CHD组患者血清RBP4与炎性因子hs-CRP、IL-6、MCP-1呈正相关。结论 RBP4参与了动脉粥样硬化的炎性反应过程,其可能通过多种途径直接或间接地参与冠心病的发生发展。

  5. Significance of combined determination of serum retinol-binding protein,cystatin C and urine mi-cro-albumin for early diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy%血清视黄醇结合蛋白和胱抑素 C 及尿微量蛋白联合检测对糖尿病肾病早期诊断的意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨芳; 郭春霞

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨血清视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP)、血清胱抑素 C(Cys C)和尿微量白蛋白(Um ALB)联合检测在糖尿病早期诊断中的意义。方法采用透射比浊法测定血清 RBP 和 Cys C,免疫比浊法检测 Um ALB,并与健康对照组进行比较。结果糖尿病(DM)组与健康对照组比较,血清 RBP、Cys C 和 Um ALB 的含量差异未见统计学意义(P >0.05);糖尿病肾病1组与健康对照组比较差异有统计学意义(P <0.05);糖尿病肾病2组与糖尿病肾病1组比较,血清 RBP、Cys C 和 Um ALB 差异均有统计学意义(P <0.01)。结论联合检测血 RBP、Cys C 和 Um ALB对 DN 的早期诊断有重要意义。%Objective To investigate the significance of combined determination of serum reti-nol-binding protein,cystatin C and urine micro-albumin for early diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy. Methods Quantitative determination of serum retinol-binding protein and cystatin C applied transmission turbidimetry and of urine micro-albumin through immunity turbidimetry,the results were compared with normal control group. Results The contents of serum RBP,Cys C,Um ALB in DM group were similiar with the normal control group(P > 0. 05),but the difference was significant in DN1 group compared with normal group(P <0. 05). The contents of serum RBP,Cys C,Um ALB in DN2 group had significant differ-ence compared with DN1 group(P < 0. 01). Conclusions It is important for early diagnostic in diabetic nephropathy using combined determinations of serum RBP,Cys C and Um ALB.

  6. 急慢性肾衰的指甲肌酐测定与尿视黄醇结合蛋白检测的比较%THE VALUE OF COMPARING MENSTRUATING NAIL CREATININE AND URINE RETINOL-BINDING PROTEIN IN CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE AND ACUTE RENAL FAILURE.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    符克英; 钟路; 占锋

    2001-01-01

    目的:探讨指甲肌酐在鉴别急慢性肾衰的临床意义。方法 指甲肌酐(NCr)应用碱性苦味酸法,尿视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP)应用ELISA法及其与尿肌酐比值。结果 慢性肾衰组(NCr)及健康对照组(NCr)及急性肾衰组(NCr)比较有显著差异(P<0.01)健康对照组(NCr)及急性肾衰组(NCr)比较无显著差异(P>0.05),慢性肾衰组(RBP,RBP/Cr)及急性肾衰组(RBP,RBP/Cr)与健康对照组(RBP,RBP/Cr)比较有显著差异(P<0.01),慢性肾衰组(RBP,RBP/Cr)与急性肾衰组(RBP,RBP/Cr)比较无显著差异(P>0.05)。结论 指甲肌酐含量的测定在鉴别急慢性肾衰中有着重要的临床价值。%Objective:To discuss the clinic significance about nailcreatinine in pa tients of acute renal failure and chronic renal failure.Methods: To use the alkal escent picrate methodology menstruates the nail creatinine(NCr),and to use the E LISA methodology menstruates the retinol-binding protein(RBP),and to use routine methodology menstruates the proportionality between RBP and urine creatinine(RB P/Ucr).Results:In creatinine(NCr),there is a remarkable signific ance between chr onic renal failure group and normal control group ,acute renal failure group(P< 0.01),there is no significance between normal control group and acute renal fail ure(P>0.05),but in RBP,RBP/Ucr,there is a remarkable significance between signi ficance,acute renal failure group and normal control group(P<0.01),there is no significance between in chronic renal failure group and acute renal failure grou p.Conclusions:There is significant value for differentiating chronic renal failure and acute renal failure.

  7. Serum level of retinol binding protein 4 and related factors in human subjects with impaired glucose regulation and type 2 diabetes%糖尿病患者和糖耐量异常个体血清视黄醇结合蛋白4水平及影响因素的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘静婧; 任伟; 李素芳; 吴丹东; 李金超; 郑晓雅

    2010-01-01

    目的:探讨初发2型糖尿病(Type 2 diabetes,T2DM)和葡萄糖耐量异常(Impaired glncose regulation,IGR)人群血清视黄醇结合蛋白4(Retinol binding protein 4,RBP4)水平及其影响因素.方法:采用酶联免疫吸附(Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay,ELISA)法测定27例初发2型糖尿病(T2DM组)、27例糖耐量异常(IGR组)个体的空腹血清RBP4浓度,并用26例糖耐量正常个体(Normal glucose tolerance,NGT)做对照,同时测定血糖、血脂、血压、身高、体重、腰腹围和胰岛素水平,分析各指标与血清RBP4的相关性.结果:初发T2DM和IGR人群血清RBP4水平明显高于正常人群,但是两组人群之间RBP4水平没有差异.多元相关与回归分析显示空腹胰岛素(Fasting insulin,FINS)、胰岛素抵抗(Insulin resistance,IR)和收缩压(Systolic blood pressure,SBP)与RBP4呈正相关,但没有指标是影响血清RBP4水平的主要因素.结论:初发T2DM和IGR人群外周血RBP4蛋白高表达,并与T2DM及其相关临床指标相关,这提示了RBP4可能在T2DM发生发展中起作用.

  8. Detection and clinical significance of retinol binding protein in patients with chronic hepatitis B combined with acute hepatitis E%慢性乙型肝炎重叠急性戊型肝炎患者视黄醇结合蛋白检测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷艳天; 王立蓉; 黄菁; 谢劲松

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨慢性乙型肝炎(慢乙肝)重叠急性戊型肝炎(戊肝)患者视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP)水平变化及临床意义.方法 慢乙肝患者81例分为单纯乙肝(A组,41例)和重叠戊肝(B组,40例)两组,同时随机选择同期健康体检者42例为对照(C组),比较各组RBP水平.结果 A、B组的RBP水平在发作期和恢复期均明显低于C组(P<0.05或P<0.01),B组的RBP水平在发作期和恢复期均明显低于A组(P<0.05或P<0.01).各组RBP与前白蛋白(PA)和白蛋白呈正相关,与ALT和AST呈负相关(P<0.01).结论 RBP水平可以作为慢乙肝患者,尤其在重叠感染时,肝损伤的评估指标.%Objective To study the detection and clinical significance of retinol binding protein (RBP) in the patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB)combined with acute hepatitis E.Methods Serum levels of RBP were detected in 41 patients with CHB (group A),40 patients with CHB combined with acute hepatitis E(group B) and 42 healthy people(group C).Results Serum levels of RBP in the period of attack and recovery were lower in groups of A and B than those in group C (P<0.05 or P<0.01),which were lower in group B than those in group A(P<0.05 or P<0.01).Serum level of RBP was positively correlated to that of prealbumin(PA) and albumin,but negatively correlated to ALT and AST(P<0.01).Conclusion Serum RBP may be taken as an indicator for evaluating liver damage in the patients with CHB,especially combined with acute hepatitis E.

  9. Expression and Roles of Retinol-Binding Protein 4 in Patients with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: a Prospective Study%视黄醇结合蛋白4在妊娠期糖尿病患者中的表达及其临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丹丹; 周洁; 杨玲; 周圆; 张炜; 周琳; 陈菊萍; 戴海燕; 赵一鸣; 罗晓红; 刘玲; 朱泰来; 羊伟瑾

    2011-01-01

    Objective:This study was performed to analysis the expression of retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) in serum of patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and healthy pregnant woman? and the relationship between RBP4 and clinicopathological features of GDM patients. Methods: We prospectively collected and measured the serum RBP4 levels by enzymelinked immunosorbentassay (ELISA) of 18 patients with GDM and 212 healthy pregnant women at gestational weeks 18, 20,28, and postpartum weeks 8. The extent of insulin resistant was evaluated by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR).Results: The serum RBP4 level presented a time-dependent increase in all pregnant women. The serum RBP4 level of GDM was higher than that of healthy pregnant women at gestational weeks 20 and 28. The serum RBP4 level had positive relations with HOMA-IR and fasting blood-glucose (FPG) at gestational weeks 20. Conclusions: The serum RBP4 level at gestational weeks 20 is potential to be an early diagnostic marker for GDM.%目的:分析视黄醇结合蛋白4(retinol-binding protein 4,RBP4)在妊娠期糖尿病患者和健康孕妇血清中的浓度差异及其与临床、病理特征的关系.方法:检测18例妊娠期糖尿病(GDM)和212例健康孕妇血清中RBP4的表达,分别于孕18周、孕20周、孕28周及产后8周空腹收集血清.利用酶联免疫吸附实验(ELISA)检测血清RBP4的表达.用HOMA-IR(homeostasis model assessment)模型评价胰岛素抵抗程度.结果:所有孕妇血清RBP4水平在产前各时间点呈时间依赖性升高.产后8周 (中位数,15.35 μg/mL;四分位数,11.32~27.85 μg/mL)孕妇血清RBP4水平均下降.孕20周(中位数,45.72 μg/mL;四分位数,33.34~58.69 μg/mL) 、孕28周(中位数,52.34 μg/mL;四分位数,42.65~73.54 μg/mL )时,GDM患者血清RBP4水平高于健康孕妇 (孕20周:中位数,19.13 μg/mL;四分位数,15.23~22.65 μg/mL;孕28周:中位数,42.54 μg/mL;四分位数,24.56~55.21 μg/mL).孕18周(中位数,16

  10. 血清视黄醇结合蛋白4对非糖尿病孕妇分娩巨大儿的预测价值%The Predictive Value of Serumal Retinol-Binding Protein 4 for Fetal Macrosomia of Non-Diabetic Pregnant Women

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    张保华; 冯晓丹; 沈卫; 余凤萍; 季静; 徐文怡; 王琴; 李岚; 郭洁

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the predictive value of serumal retinol-binding protein 4(RBP4) level fro fetal macrosomia of non-diabetic pregnant women .Methods :The serumal levels of RBP4 of 500 non-diabetic pregnant women at 12 week ,20 week and 24 week of pregnancy were measured by immune projection turbidimetric method .Fetal macrosomia was defined as birth weight≥4000 g .The cut-off value ,sensitivity and specificity were calculated with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve .Results:Of the 500 non-diabetic pregnant women ,30 cases(6% ) got fetal macrosomia .The ROC curve showed that the predictive cut-off values of RBP4 at 12 week ,20 week and 24 week of pregnancy were 61 .0 mg/L ,50 .5 mg/L and 52 .5 mg/L , respectively ;the predictive sensitivity and specificity at 12 week ,20 week and 24 week of pregnancy were 42 .9% and 94 .5% , 70 .0% and 69 .5% ,76 .9% and 73 .2% ,respectively .The predictive cut-off value of RBP4 no later than 24 week of pregnancy was 51 .5 mg/L ;the predictive sensitivity and specificity were 61 .8% and 69 .5% .There was significant difference(P<0 .05) between the serumal level of RBP4 at 24 week of pregnancy in group fetal macrosomia and that in group nonfetal macrosomia . Conclusions :The predictive sensitivity of RBP4 increases in accordance with the increase of serumal level of RBP 4 .The serumal level of RBP4 of non-diabetic pregnant women at 24 week of pregnancy may have higher sensitivity and specificity in the predic-tion of fetal macrosomia .If the serumal level of RBP4 no later than 24 week of pregnancy is beyond 50 mg/L ,then the risk of fetal macrosomia will be higher .%目的:探讨非糖尿病孕妇血清中视黄醇结合蛋白4(retinol-binding protein 4,RBP4)水平对巨大儿的预测价值。方法:采用免疫投射比浊法检测500例非糖尿病孕妇在不同孕周(孕12、20、24周)的血清RBP4水平,以出生体质量≥4000 g者为巨大儿。采

  11. 视黄醇结合蛋白和血清胱抑素C以及同型半胱氨酸在糖尿病肾损伤患者中的检测意义%Value for detection of Retinol-binding protein,serum cystatin C and ho-mocysteine in patients with diabetic renal injury

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付小国; 卢爱国; 唐艳兰; 秦加巍

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the value for detection of retinol binding protein (RBP),serum cystatin C (CysC) and homocysteine (Hcy) in patients with diabetic renal injury. Methods 117 patients with type 2 diabetes in our hospital from March 2013 to December 2014 were randomly selected,according to the quantity of urinary protein,the patients were divided into group A (urine protein was less than 150 mg/24 h) and group B (urine protein was 150-300 mg/24 h). 56 normal physical examination human during the same period were selected as control group.The level change of RBP, CysC and Hcy among three groups was compared. Results The level of RBP,CysC and Hcy in group A and group B was higher than that in control group(P<0.05).With the progress of the disease,the level of RBP,CysC and Hcy in group A was higher than that in group B (P<0.05).There was significant difference about RBP,CysC,Hcy combination detection in group A or group B compared with RBP,CysC,Hcy detection separately in group A or group B (P<0.05). Conclusion Regular monitoring of RBP,CysC and Hcy for diabetic patients has important significance in early diagnosis of glomeru-lar filtration function damage in type 2 diabetic patients and reducing the occurrence of the disease.%目的:探讨视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP)和血清胱抑素C(CysC)以及同型半胱氨酸(Hcy)在糖尿病肾损伤患者中的检测意义。方法随机选取2013年3月~2014年12月117例2型糖尿病患者,根据尿蛋白定量分为A组(尿蛋白<150 mg/24 h)和B组(尿蛋白为150~300 mg/24 h)。选择同期正常体检者56例作为对照组。比较3组患者的RBP、CysC、Hcy水平变化。结果 A、B组患者的RBP、CysC、Hcy水平显著高于对照组(均P<0.05),随着病情进展,A组患者的RBP、CysC、Hcy水平显著高于B组(均P<0.05)。 A、B组RBP、CysC、Hcy联合检测与RBP、CysC、Hcy各项单独检测比较,差异有统计学意义(均P<0.05)。结论糖尿病患

  12. 非酒精性脂肪性肝病合并早发冠心病患者视黄醇结合蛋白4的检测及其意义%The detection and clinical significance of retinol-binding protein 4 in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases and premature coronary artery diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤涌; 张晓峰; 郭忠玉; 李朝凤; 马根山

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To assess the correlation of retinol-binding protein 4 ( RBP4 ) and premature coronary artery disease in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases( NAFLD) .Methods:79 patients with NAFLD were selected for the study.With the help of coronary angiography, they were divided into two groups: premature coronary artery disease group with 49 patients and control group with 30 patients.Based on results of ultrasound examinations, they were further divided into three groups: mild fatty liver group, moderate fatty liver group and severe fatty liver group.Biochemical indexes, serum levels of RBP4 and C reactive protein were measured for correlation analysis in peripheral venous blood of the 79 patients.Results:Compared to the control group, serum levels of RBP4;C reactive protein,and LDL-C in premature coronary artery disease group had significantly larger increase( P<0.05 ) .The number of patients with coronary artery disease in severe fatty liver group, and serum levels of RBP4 in severe and moderate fatty liver groups increased significantly more than in themild fatty liver group( P<0.05 ) .Conclusion: For NAFLD patients, RBP4, which increases in premature coronary artery, is closely associated with the severity of fatty liver disease.%目的:观察非酒精性脂肪性肝病( NAFLD)患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4( RBP4)水平与早发冠心病的相关性。方法:选择79例NAFLD患者,经冠状动脉造影分为早发冠心病组49例和对照组30例。患者再根据肝脏B超检查结果分为轻、中、重度脂肪肝组。所有患者均抽外周静脉血检测生化指标、RBP4和超敏C反应蛋白( hs-CRP)水平,并行组间比较。结果:与对照组比较,早发冠心病组血清RBP4、hs-CRP、LDL-C水平均明显增加,差异有统计学意义( P<0.05)。与轻度脂肪肝组比较,重度脂肪肝组合并冠心病人数增加,中度和重度脂肪肝组RBP4水平增加

  13. Study on levels of serum retinol and retinol-binding protein-4 in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis%肺结核患者血清视黄醇和视黄醇结合蛋白4水平变化的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    麦洪珍; 杨智; 宋晓东; 蔡春葵; 路希维

    2015-01-01

    目的 检测耐药肺结核、非耐药肺结核患者和健康对照者血清维生素A(视黄醇)和视黄醇结合蛋白4(retinol-binding protein-4,RBP4)水平,并分析它们的影响因素.方法 收集2011年7月至2013年8月大连市结核病医院门诊随访及住院治疗的耐药肺结核患者128例(耐药组)、非耐药肺结核患者152例(非耐药组),匹配选取我院同期健康体检者120名作为对照组.采用高效液相色谱法(HPLC)测定上述受试者血清视黄醇水平,同时采用酶联免疫吸附测定法(ELISA)检测血清RBP4水平.结果以(-±s)表示,所有数据采用SPSS 15.0统计软件进行统计学分析.多组间比较采用单因素方差分析及SNK-q检验,以P<0.05为差异有统计学意义.影响因素分析采用直线相关和多元逐步回归分析.结果 耐药组、非耐药组患者血清视黄醇、RBP4水平分别为(206.10±10.35)μg/L、(6.22±1.64)μg/ml和(249.61±12.06)μg/L、(8.23±2.31)μg/ml,均显著低于对照组血清视黄醇、RBP4水平(326.57±11.52)μg/L、(11.52±2.60)μg/ml,差异均有统计学意义(q=12.35和10.66,P值均<0.01;q=3.86和3.36,P值均<0.05);而耐药组较非耐药组,患者血清视黄醇、RBP4水平均显著降低,差异均有统计学意义(q=3.25和3.12,P值均<0.05).多元逐步回归分析表明,体质量指数(BMI)是血清视黄醇和RBP4的独立影响因素(t=2.154和5.211,P值均<0.05).结论 肺结核患者血清视黄醇和RBP4水平均显著降低,耐药肺结核患者降低更明显.

  14. The study of serum retinol-binding protein 4 and related factors in chronic hepatitis C%慢性丙型肝炎患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4水平及相关影响因素的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴萍; 陈红; 李秋贞; 闫淑花; 范琦丽

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨慢性丙型肝炎患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4(RBP4)的水平及相关影响因素.方法 选择56例慢性丙型肝炎患者(观察组)及35例健康体检者(对照组),采用ELISA法测定空腹血清RBP4水平,并测定空腹血糖(FBG)、三酰甘油(TG)、总胆固醇(TC)、丙氨酸氨基转移酶(ALT)、γ谷氨酰转移酶(γ-GT),PCR法测定丙型肝炎病毒(HCV)-RNA水平.结果 两组FBG、TC、TG、γ-GT水平比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),观察组血清RBP4水平为(33.38±6.43)mg/L,明显高于对照组的(26.11±3.35)mg/L(P<0.01).ALT正常的观察组26例患者血清RBP4水平为(38.96±4.09)mg/L,明显高于ALT异常的观察组30例患者的(28.53±3.43)mg/L(P<0.01).观察组患者的ALT水平与RBP4水平呈负相关(r=-0.6368,P<0.05).结论 血清RBP4水平与慢性丙型肝炎有显著相关性,且与ALT呈负相关,与FBG、TC、TG、γ-GT及HCV-RNA无关.%Objective To investigate the level of serum retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) and related factors in chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Methods Fifty-six patients with CHC (CHC group) and 35 healthy volunteers (control group) were selected. Serum RBP4 level was measured by ELISA method.Fasting blood glucose ( FBG ), triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol ( TC ), alanine aminotransferase (ALT),γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (γ-GT) were measured, HCV-RNA level was tested by qualitative polymerase chain reaction(q-PCR). Results There were no significant difference in FBG, TC,TG, γ-GT between two groups (P > 0.05 ). Serum RBP4 level in CHC group [(33.38 ± 6.43 ) mg/L] was higher than that in control group [(26.11 ± 3.35) mg/L](P< 0.01),the CHC patients with ALT normal (26 cases) had significantly higher RBP4 level [( 38.96 ± 4.09) mg/L] compared with ALT abnormal [30 cases, ( 28.53 ± 3.43 ) mg/L](P < 0.01 ). ALT level was negative with RBP4 in CHC group (r = -0.6368, P < 0.05 ). Conclusion Serum RBP4 level is significantly associated with CHC and negatively

  15. 子宫内膜异位症患者RBP4与ENA-78的含量变化%Changes of Levels of Prostaglandin Retinol Binding Protein 4(RBP4)and Epithelial Neutrophil-Activing Peptide-78 (ENA-78)in Peritoneal Fluid and Serum of Patients with Endometriosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文敏; 赵艳丽; 班开斌; 黄友敏

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨子宫内膜异位症(EMS)患者腹腔液及血清中视黄醇结合蛋白4(RBP4)和中性粒细胞激活肽-78(ENA-78)的含量变化及其与EMS发病的关系.方法 采用酶联免疫吸附法(EHSA)检测86例EMS患者和36例因卵巢囊肿或浆膜下子宫肌瘤手术患者腹腔液及血清RBP4和ENA-78含量并进行分析.结果 EMS组患者腹腔液中RBP4、ENA-78的含量明显高于对照组,两组比较差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01).Ⅲ、Ⅳ期EMS患者腹腔液及血清中RBP4的含量较Ⅰ、Ⅱ期患者明显升高,差异也有统计学意义(P<0.01);Ⅲ、Ⅳ期EMS患者腹腔液及血清中ENA-78的含量较Ⅰ、Ⅱ期患者升高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).同时EMS组患者RBP4与ENA-78的含量之间存在正相关(r=0.72,P<0.01).结论 EMS患者腹腔中高含量的RBP4与ENA-78,可能对EMS发病有影响;EMS患者腹腔液与血清中RBP4和ENA-78含量变化且与EMS关系密切.%Objective To investigate the concentrations of prostagland in retinol binding protein 4(RBP4) and epithelial neutrophil-activing peptide-78 (ENA-78) in serum and peritoneal fluid of women with endometriosis. Methods The study group included 86 samples of peritoneal fluid and serum respectively from patients with endometriosis, and control group included 36 samples of peritoneal fluid and serum respectively from patients without endometriosis(either ovary cyst or uterine myoma). The peritoneal fluids were collected at the time of laparoscopic operation, and the sera were collected before surgery. Concentrations of RBP4 and ENA-78 were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay ( ELISA). Results The peritoneal fluid concentrations of RBP4 and ENA-78 in study group were significantly higher than those of control group(P <0.01 )>;and the RBP4 levels of stage HI , IV in endometriosis group were significantly higher than those of stage I , II in endometriosis group in serum and peritoneal fluid(P <0.01) ;and the ENA-78

  16. Relationship between the Serum Retinol Binding Protein 4 and Insulin Resistance in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease%非酒精性脂肪肝患者血清RBP4水平与胰岛素抵抗等相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洪梅; 许华强; 张建武; 丁俊蓉; 陈艳

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the level of serum retinol binding protein 4(RBP4) in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD) and its relationship with obesity, insulin sensitivity, blood glucose, and blood lipid.Methods 64 patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease( NAFLD group) and 35 normal subjects( normal control group) were selected.The level of serum RBP4 was measured by ELISA.Height, weight, waist circumstance, hip girth, fasting blood glucose( FBG), blood lipid( TC,TG, HDL-C, LDL-C ), liver function ( AST, ALT), and fasting insulin (FINS) were measured.Body mass index ( BMI ), waist to hip ratio( WHR), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance(HOMA-IR) were calculated as well.Results Serum levels of FBG,TC,TG,LDL-C,FINS,RBP4 and HOMA-IR,BMI,WHR were higher in NAFLD patients as compared to normal controls ( P <0.01 ).And the moderate NAFLD group had higher FBG,TC,TG,LDL-C,FINS,RBP4 and HOMA-IR,BMI,WHR as compared with the mild NAFLD group( P < 0.01 ).Serum RBP4 were positively correlated with BMI, WHR, FBG, TC, TG, LDL-C,FINS and HOMA-IR(r=0.379,0.341,0.367,0.359,0.366,0.342,0.338,0.447,P <0.01 ).Conclusion Serum RBP4 was involved in the insulin resistance during the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.%目的 探讨非酒精性脂肪肝患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4(RBP4)及其与肥胖、胰岛素抵抗、血糖、血脂的关系.方法 选择非酒精性脂肪肝患者64例,正常对照35例,采用ELISA方法 测定空腹血清RBP4,同时检测其身高、体重、腰围、臀围、血糖、血脂、肝功能及胰岛素水平,并计算体重指数(BMI)、腰臀比(WHR)和胰岛素抵抗指数(HOMA-IR).结果 与正常对照组比较,轻、中度非酒精性脂肪肝患者的BMI、WHR、FBG、TC、TG、LDL-C、FINS、HOMA-IR和RBP4显著增高(P<0.01).相关分析显示,血清RBP4与BMI、WHR、FBG、TC、TG、LDL-C、FINS、HOMA-IR呈正相关.结论 在非酒精性脂肪肝的发病过程中,RBP4可能参与了胰岛素抵抗.

  17. 冠心病患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4与高敏C反应蛋白的相关性分析%Study of the relationship between serum retinol binding protein 4 and high sensitive C-reactive protein in oatients with coronary heart disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海亮; 李国庆

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the correlation of Retinol binding protein 4 ( RBP4), the high sensitivity C-reactive protein(hs-CRP) and coronary heart disease(CHD) by test the serum level of them.Methods Ninety patients with CHD were divided into the acute myocardial infarction(AMI) group( n =30), the unstable angina pectoris (UAP) group ( n = 30) and the stable angina pectoris(SAP) group ( n =30) ,30 normal subjects without CHD diagnosed by coronary arteriography(CAG) served as the control group. The serum level of RBP4 is measured by enzyme linked immune sorbent assay(ELISA) and the serum level of hs-CRP is measured by turbidmetricimmunoassay. Results The serum level of RBP4 and hsCRP were higher in AMI and UAP group that in SAP group and control group( P <0.05 ). The mean level of hs-CBP in SAP group was differently significantly,compared with that in control( P > 0.05 ). While the RBP4 is the opposite. The mean level of RBP4 or hs-CRP in single, double and three vessel lesion group were higher than that in control group( P < 0.05 ) ,but the serum levels of RBP4 or hs-CRP among single,double and three were not significant different( P > 0.05). The serum level of RBP4 and hs-CRP were significantly positive correlation in Spearman correlation coefficients ( r = 0. 469, P < 0.01 ). Conclusions RBP4 and hs-CRP may act as one of vulnerable plaques,and be correlated with CHD. However,may not reflect the severity of artery stenosiso%目的 测定冠心病患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4(RBP4)和高敏C反应蛋白(hs-CRP)水平,分析两者与冠心病的相关性.方法 将90例冠心病患者分为急性心肌梗死组30例,不稳定性心绞痛组30例,稳定性心绞痛组30例,另选择30例冠状动脉造影结果正常者为对照组.采用酶联免疫吸附法测定受试者血清RBP4水平,采用增强免疫透射比浊法测定血清hs-CRP水平.结果 急性心肌梗死和不稳定性心绞痛组患者血清RBP4、hs-CRP水平高于稳定性心绞痛组

  18. Clinical significance of retinol-binding protein detection for diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome in children%视黄醇结合蛋白检测在肾病综合征患儿诊断中的临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李浩军; 孟秀荣; 董晓妮

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical significance of retinol‐binding protein detection for diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome in children .Methods A total of 60 cases of children with nephrotic syndrome were enrolled in the experimental group and divided into two groups (33 cases for the simple type nephrotic syndrome group and 27 cases for the nephritic type nephrotic syndrome group) .And other 30 cases of healthy children were selected as the healthy control group .The levels of retinol‐binding protein ,urea and creatinine were detected and analyzed .Results The levels of serum retinol‐binding protein ,urea and creatinine were higher in two experimental groups than those in healthy control group ,and in the two experimental groups the positive detectable rate of serum retinol‐binding protein was higher than that of urea and creatinine ,all with significant difference(P< 0 .05) .The levels of serum retinol‐binding protein detected after treatment were evidently higher than those detected before treatment(P<0 .05) ,and a certain correlation was found between levels of serum retinol‐binding protein and the clinical feature (r=0 .799 3 ,P<0 .05) .The diagnostic efficiency of retinol‐binding protein was the highest ,followed by urea and creatinine .Conclu‐sion The retinol binding protein detection could be with positive clinical value for the clinical diagnosis and thera‐peutic morniteration of children with nephrotic syndrome .%目的:探讨视黄醇结合蛋白检测在肾病综合征患儿诊断中的临床意义。方法选择2013年1~12月在涿州市中医院确诊为肾病综合征的患儿60例为试验组(单纯型肾病综合征组33例,肾炎型肾病综合征组27例),另选择30名健康儿童设为健康对照组,分别测定其血清视黄醇结合蛋白、尿素和肌酐水平并进行比较分析。结果试验组两组患儿的血清视黄醇结合蛋白、尿素和肌酐浓度水平均高于健康对照组,且试验组

  19. 慢性心力衰竭患者血浆视黄醇结合蛋白、胱抑素、NT-proBNP 浓度与体质量指数的关系%Relationship among plamsa retinol binding protein, cystatin C, N-teminal pro-brain natriuretic peptides levels with body mass index in patients with chronic heart failure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    古忆; 卢新政; 周建松; 夏思良; 黄红娟; 郑宏健; 秦晓毅; 曹克将; 黄峻

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨慢性心力衰竭患者血浆视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP)、胱抑素(Cys-C)、NT-proB-NP 浓度与体质量指数(BMI)的关系,及其对慢性心力衰竭患者心功能、预后评估的价值.方法 135例慢性心力衰竭患者(男70 例,女65 例,左心室射血分数28 kg/m2 ),测定慢性心力衰竭患者血浆RBP、Cys-C、NT-proBNP 浓度,探讨其与BMI 的相关性及其对慢性心力衰竭患者心功能、预后的影响.结果 (1)肥胖组患者血浆RBP 水平[(70.45 ±8.74)mg/L]明显高于BMI 正常组[(56.45 ±7.15)mg/L]及超重组[(64.61 ±7.24)mg/L],胱抑素水平[(2.78 ±0.38)mg/L]明显高于BMI 正常组[(1.90 ±0.48)mg/L]及超重组[(2.39 ±0.41)mg/L],血浆NT-proBNP 水平[(1536 ±69)ng/L]明显低于BMI 正常组[(1857 ±145)ng/L]及超重组[(1726 ±115)ng/L](P 均<0.01);(2)慢性心力衰竭患者血浆RBP、Cys-C 与BMI 之间存在显著正相关(r =0.621,P <0.01;r =0.680,P <0.01),且随肥胖程度加重而逐渐增高;NT-proBNP 与BMI 之间存在显著负相关(r =-0.865,P <0.01).结论 慢性心力衰竭患者血浆RBP、Cys-C 水平均随BMI 增加而增加,而NT-proBNP 随BMI 增加而降低,联合检测血浆NT-proBNP靇_氋;_岪、Cys-C、RBP 水平有利于肥胖合并慢性心力衰竭的诊断及预后评估.%Objective To explore the relationship among levels of plasma retinol binding protein , cystatin C,N-teminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide(NT-proBNP) with body mass index(BMI) ,and to identify whether the simultaneous determination of the three markers is valuable to evaluate the cardiac function and prognosis for patients with chronic heart failure. Methods 135 patients with chronic heart failure were enrolled in this study (70 males ,65 females and LVEF <50% ) ,and height and weight of each patient were measured and BMI were calculated with these parameter. The patients were divided into 3 groups according to BMI; normal group (BMI <24 kg/m2) , overweight group (BMI 24-27. 9 kg/m2) and obese group

  20. Discuss the significance of serum retinol binding protein in nutritional status monitoring different during pregnancy%探讨血清视黄醇结合蛋白在不同孕期中营养状况监测的意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓修利

    2015-01-01

    Objective Discuss of serum retinol binding protein (RBP)level in pregnancy in the process of change, scientific guidance in different periods of pregnancy pregnant women nutritional level control to provide laboratory ba-sis.Methods Selection of 182 cases hospitalized in our hospital obstetrics and gynecology clinic for prenatal examina-tion and cards delivery of pregnant women,according to the gestation week number for early pregnancy,women in the late group RBP and traditional nutritional status evaluation index of Prealbumin (PA),albumin (ALB)and hemoglobin (HGB)water level test,and the control group (healthy women)testing results were statistically analyzed,and RBP in different pregnancy in testing of abnormal results were analyzed.Results Pregnancy early,middle and late group of RBP levels higher than the control group,the difference is statistically significant or highly significant (P 0.05);pregnancy,late group PA,ALB,HGB level of detection is lower than that of the control group,the difference has statistical significance (P < 0.05).When pregnant women body obvious changes in blood volume.Conclusion Serum RBP are good indicators of monitoring in different periods of pregnancy pregnant women nutritional status,serum levels of RBP level can provide valuable laboratory basis for the pregnancy period preg-nant women to evaluate the nutritional status of the body.The level of serum RBP trends are consistent with pregrant women to nutrition.%目的:探讨血清视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP)水平在妊娠过程中变化,为科学指导不同孕期的孕妇控制营养水平提供实验室依据。方法选择182例在本院妇产科门诊行孕期体检和建卡分娩住院的孕妇,对按妊娠周数分为妊娠早、中、晚期组的孕妇进行 RBP 和传统营养状况评价指标前白蛋白(PA)、白蛋白(ALB)和血红蛋白(HGB)水平检测,与对照组(健康体检妇女)检测结果进行统计学分析,并对 RBP 在不同

  1. Determination of serum visfatin and retinol binding protein 4 ( RBP4 ) in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss and its clinical significance%突发性耳聋患者内脂素和RBP4含量变化的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛善利; 黄友敏; 周永勤

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the role and clinical significance of serum visfatin and retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) in idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss by measuring the change of their levels in the patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss.Methods The levels of visfatin and RBP4 were determined by ELISA method in the 102 idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss patients who were observed at two different time points ( before and after treatment),and thirty-five patients with other neurologic diseases (20 with sciatica,16 with trigeminal neuralgia) and thirty healthy people were used as control.Results The levels of visfatin and RBP4 in the serum of patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss after treatment [Visfatin (24.26 ± 2.17 ) μg/L; RBP4 (46.65 ± 5.26 ) mg/L]were markedly higher than the group with other neurologic diseases [Visfatin ( 20.67 ± 2.14 ) μ g/L; RBP4(34.37 ±5.73)mg/L] and the healthy control group[Visfatin(17.61 ±2.45) μg/L; RBP4 (24.82 ±5.24)mg/L] ( t =10.38,10.41,12.16,15.06,P <0.01),and it was significantly less than that before treatment [Visfatin(32.24 ± 2.37) μ /L; RBP4 ( 57.43 ± 6.19 ) mg/L] ( t =17.25,15.12,P < 0.01 ).The levels visfatin and RBP4 in serum of severe group with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss [Visfatin ( 36.52 ± 2.46 ) μg/L; RBP4 (67.17 ± 5.92 ) mg/L] were markedly higher than those in the moderate group[Visfatin(28.92 ±2.26)μg/L; RBP4 (55.34±5.95)mg/L]( t =11.21,11.17,P <0.01).The levels visfatin and RBP4 in serum of moderate group were markedly higher than those in the mild group [Visfatin ( 25.31 ± 2.32 ) μg/L; RBP4 ( 47.48 ± 5.82 ) mg/L],all these differences were statistically significant( t =10.43,10.49,P <0.01 ).There was a positive correlation between visfatin and RBP4 in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss ( r =0.68,P < 0.01 ).Conclusions The levels of serum visfatin and RBP4 have instructive significance in

  2. 妊娠肥胖、妊娠期糖尿病患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4水平的变化及其相关影响因素%Change of Serum Retinol-binding Protein-4 Level in Pregnancy Obese Subjects and GDM and Related Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈震宇; 杜鹃

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨妊娠肥胖、妊娠期糖尿病(GDM)患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4(RBP-4)水平变化及其相关影响因素.方法 采用酶联免疫吸附法检测24例孕前BMI≥28 kg/m,孕期体质量增加<20 kg的GDM孕妇(孕前肥胖GDM组,A组);28例孕前BMI 18.5~23.9 kg/m2,孕期体质量增加<20 kg的GDM孕妇(孕前非肥胖GDM组,B组);23例孕前BMI≥28 kg/m2,孕期体质量增加<20kg,无任何妊娠并发症的孕妇(单纯肥胖孕妇组,C组);23例孕前BMI 18.5~23.9 kg/m2,孕期体质量增加<20 kg的正常健康孕妇(正常对照组,D组)血清RBP-4、肿瘤坏死因子α(TNF-α)、脂联素(APN)水平;同时测定所有受试者的糖、脂生化指标,并计算胰岛素抵抗指数(HOMA-IR).结果 (1)A组孕妇FINS、HOMA-IR明显高于其他3组(P<0.01),B组孕妇FINS、HOMA-IR高于C组及D组(P<0.05),C组孕妇血清FINS、HOMA-IR高于D组(P<0.01);(2)A组孕妇血清RBP-4水平明显高于其他3组孕妇(P<0.05),C组孕妇血清RBP-4水平高于B组及D组(P<0.05);(3)血清RBP-4与舒张压、孕前BMI、FINS、HOMA-IR、TNF-α正相关,与APN负相关(r值分别为0.274,0.667,0.500,0.435,0.528,-0.386,P均<0.05);(4)多元逐步回归分析显示孕前BMI、TNF-α是血清RBP-4的独立相关因素(P<0.05).结论 GDM孕妇存在胰岛素抵抗,孕前肥胖的孕妇无论是否合并有GDM,其血清RBP-4水平均明显升高,血清RBP-4水平与肥胖密切相关,脂肪细胞因子之间相互抑制或相互促进,参与肥胖或GDM的发生.%Objective To investigate the change of serum retinol binding protein 4 (RBP-4) levels in obesity pregnant women and pregnant women with GDM and to investigate it's impact factors.Methods Serum RBP-4 levels,TNF-ot,APN,were measured by EnzymeLinked Immuno Sorbent Assay(ELISA) in 24 cases of GDM with obesity,28 cases of GDM with normal weight,23 cases of obesity pregnant women without pregnancy complications and 23 cases of normal weight pregnant women

  3. 慢性阻塞性肺疾病患者血清维生素A和视黄醇结合蛋白-4水平及其与营养状况的关系%Serum retinol and retinol binding protein-4 levels in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and their relationship to nutritional status

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    麦洪珍; 王秋月; 韩丽萍; 康健; 于润江

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨COPD患者血清维生素A和视黄醇结合蛋白-4(RBP_4)水平及其与营养状况的关系.方法 2006年9月至2007年9月在中国医科大学附属第一医院门诊随访的110例COPD稳定期患者为COPD组,同期90例健康体检者为对照组,采用高效液相色谱法测定所有研究对象的血清维生素A水平,采用酶联免疫吸附试验检测COPD组中62例和对照组中20例的血清RBP_4水平.计数资料采用X~2检验,两组间均数比较采用t检验,多组间比较采用单因素方差分析及SNK-q检验,影响因素分析采用直线相关和多元逐步回归分析.结果 COPD组血清维生素A和RBP_4水平分别为(275±11)μg/L和(7.4±2.6)mg/L,明显低于对照组的(338±13)μg/L和(11.4±4.1)mg/L;COPD营养不良组血清维生素A和RBP_4水平分别为(246±18)μg/L和(6.4±1.0)mg/L,明显低于COPD营养正常组的(290±14)μg/L和(8.2±3.2)mg/L.COPD患者血清维生素A和RBP_4水平均与体重指数和上臂围呈显著正相关(r值为0.210~0.469,均P<0.05和P<0.01).体重指数和上臂围是COPD)患者血清维生素A的独立影响因素.结论 COPD稳定期患者血清维生素A和RBP_4水平均明显降低,营养状况是其主要影响因素.%Objective To explore the serum retinol and retinol binding protein-4 (RBP_4) levels in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to investigate their relationship with the nutritional status. Methods The serum retinol level was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in 110 outpatients with stable COPD during Sept 2006 to Sept. 2007, and 90 healthy volunteers served as the controls. The serum RBP_4 level in 62 stable COPD outpatients and 20 healthy controls was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ( ELISA ). Associated factors with the serum retinol and RBP_4 levels were analyzed, t-test and one-way ANOVA were used for the statistic analysis. Results The serum retinol and RBP_4 levels in COPD patients

  4. 血清中β2微球蛋白、视黄醇结合蛋白、胱抑素C在替诺福韦或恩替卡韦单药治疗慢性乙型肝炎早期肾功能变化中的意义%Changes in serum β2-microglobulin, retinol-binding protein, and cystatin C and their value in identifying early renal dysfunction in patients with chronic hepatitis B undergoing tenofovir or entecavir monotherapy: a comparative analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何佳; 宁会彬; 曾艳丽; 李威; 李宽; 尚佳

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the dynamic changes in serum β2-microglobulin,retinolbinding protein,and cystatin C in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients treated with tenofovir or entecavir alone as the anti-HBV therapy,as well as their value in identifying early renal dysfunction.Methods A total of 61 previously untreated CHB patients who were diagnosed and treated in the Department of Infectious Diseases in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from June 2013 to August 2015 were enrolled and divided into tenofovir group and entecavir group.The serum levels of β2-microglobulin,retinol-binding protein,cystatin C,and creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were compared between the two groups at baseline and 4,8,39,52,78,and 104 weeks after antiviral therapy.The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of continuous data,and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data.P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.Results A total of 61 CHB patients were enrolled,with 31 in the tenofovir group and 30 in the entecavir group.The two groups had comparable serum levels of β2-microglobulin,retinol-binding protein,and cystatin C at baseline,but there were significant differences in β2-microglobulin and retinol-binding protein over time (both P < 0.05).There was a significant difference in cystatin C at 78 weeks (t =-2.062,P =0.044),but there was no significant difference at 104 weeks (t =-1.544,P=0.128).There were no significant differences in serum creatinine or eGFR at any time point between the two groups (P > 0.05).At 104 weeks,there were no significant differences in HBV-DNA clearance rate or the level of virologic breakthrough between the two groups (P > 0.05).Conclusion Serum β2-microglobulin,retinol binding protein,and cystatin C are more sensitive than eGFR in the monitoring of early renal dysfunction during the anti-HBV therapy with tenofovir or entecavir alone.%目的 比较单用替诺福韦或恩替卡韦

  5. 新诊断2型糖尿病患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4和游离脂肪酸水平变化及其与胰岛素敏感性的关系研究%Changes of Serum Retinol Binding Protein 4 and Free Fatty Acids Levels among Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetic Patients and the Correlations with Insulin-sensitivity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘佳秋; 王慧慧; 张超; 于学静; 姜飞飞

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the levels of serum retinol binding protein 4 ( RBP4 ) and free fatty acids ( FFA ), as well as the relationships between RBP4 level, FFA level and insulin - resistance index ( ISI ) in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients.Methods Both Newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients ( T2DM, n = 76 ) and healthy subjects ( NC, n = 30 ) were enrolled grouping this study, with their serum levels of RBP4 and FFA measured.Also, insulin resistance index ( HOMA -IR ) and insulin sensitivity ( ISI) were calculated in both groups.Results ( 1 ) Serum levels of RBP4 and FFA in the T2DM group were significantly higher than in the control group ( P <0.01 ).(2) Single - factor correlation analysis showed that serum RBP4 was positively correlated with BMI, triglyceride ( TG ), cholesterol ( TC ), HOMA - IR and FFA and negatively correlated with ISI and HOMA - 尾 ( P < 0.05 ).(3) Multielement stepwise regression analysis discoveryed that HOMA - 尾 and FFA were independent risk factors of elevated RBP4 levels.Conclusion Serum RBP4 and FFA levels are significantly elevated among T2DM patients.The high expression level of serum RBP4 is associated with glucose and lipid metabolism which in turn leads to the development of IR and contributes to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes.RBP4 and FFA might be synergistic factors in emergence the insulin resistance.%目的 探讨新诊断2型糖尿病(T2DM)患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4(RBP4)和游离脂肪酸(FFA)的表达水平以及二者与胰岛素敏感性的关系.方法 选取新诊断T2DM患者76例(T2DM组)及健康体检者30例(对照组).观察各组空腹血清RBP4和FFA水平,并计算胰岛素抵抗指数(HOMA-IR)、胰岛素敏感性指数(ISI)用以评价各组胰岛素敏感性.结果 (1)T2DM组患者血清RBP4和FFA水平显著高于对照组(P<0.01).(2)单因素相关分析显示,血清RBP4与体质指数(BMI)、三酰甘油(TG)、总胆固醇(TC)、HOMA-IR、FFA呈正相

  6. 视黄醇结合蛋白4和脂蛋白相关磷脂酶A2水平与冠心病及冠状动脉病变特征的相关性分析%The relationships between the levels of retinol binding protein 4 and lipoprotein associated phospholipase A2,and coronary heart disease and coronary artery lesion characteristics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛玲; 程训民; 杨松; 唐杨章; 谢义民

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the relationships between the levels of retinol binding protein 4 ( RBP4 ) and lipoprotein associated phospholipase A2 ( Lp-PLA2 ) , and stability of deterioration of coronary heart disease and selective coronary angiography results. Methods:Eighty-nine patients with coronary heart disease were divided into the control group( without vessel lesion) ,1 vessel lesion group,2 branches lesion group and 3 branches lesion group according to the results of coronary angiography. The levels of Lp-PLA2 and RBP4 in 4 groups before angiography were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results:The levels of Lp-PLA2 and RBP4 in 3 branches lesion group were significantly higher than those in control group,1 vessel lesion group and 2 branches lesion group(P0. 05). The difference of the RBP4 levels between 1 branch lesion group,2 branches lesion group 2 and control group were not statistically significant(P >0. 05). Conclusions:The levels of serum Lp-PLA2 and RBP4 in patients with coronary heart disease are related to the number of coronary artery lesion,which can predict the stenosis degree of coronary artery in a certain extent.%目的::探讨血清视黄醇结合蛋白4(RBP4)、脂蛋白相关磷脂酶A2(Lp-PLA2)水平与冠心病的稳定性、恶化及选择性冠状动脉(冠脉)造影结果的关系。方法:将89例冠心病患者根据冠脉造影结果分为4组,造影结果正常者14例为对照组,异常者根据冠脉病变支数,分为单支病变组22例,2支病变组21例和3支病变组32例。于造影前采集血标本,酶联免疫吸附法分别定量测定4组患者Lp-PLA2、RBP4水平。结果:3支病变组患者血清RBP4和Lp-PLA2水平均明显高于对照组、单支和2支病变组(P0.05),单支和2支病变组及对照组血清RBP4水平差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论:冠心病患者血清Lp-PLA2、RBP4水平与冠脉病变支数有关,可以在一定程度上反映冠脉的狭窄程度。

  7. 尿β2-微球蛋白与视黄醇结合蛋白及N-乙酰-β-D-氨基葡萄糖苷酶诊断成人心脏术后早期急性肾损伤的价值%Value of urine β2-microglobulin, urine retinol binding protein and N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase to the diagnosis of early acute kidney injury after heart surgery in adult patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘红; 尹传妍; 刘颖; 陆晨; 岳华; 陶建双

    2016-01-01

    目的 探讨尿β2-微球蛋白(β2-microglobulin, β2-MG)、尿视黄醇结合蛋白(retinol-binding protein, RBP)、尿N-乙酰-β-D-氨基葡萄糖苷酶(N-acetyl-β-D-glucosa minidase, NAG)在成人心脏手术后急性肾损伤(acute kidney injury, AKI)早期诊断中的价值.方法 行心脏手术患者60例,分别于术前及术后24、48、72 h采用ELISA法检测尿β2-MG、 RBP水平,采用对硝基苯酚比色法检测尿NAG水平,采用酶法检测血清肌酐(serum creatinine, SCr).以术后48 h血清SCr较基础值增加≥50%为AKI判定标准,将60例患者分为AKI组41例,非AKI组19例,比较2组手术前、后尿β2-MG、RBP、 NAG水平变化;绘制ROC曲线,以AUC评价各标志物诊断AKI的效能.结果 2组术前尿β2-MG、 RBP、 NAG水平比较差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05), AKI组术后24、48、72 h尿β2-MG[(1.010±0.137)、(1.803±0.278)、(0.783±0.619)mg/L]、RBP[(0.384±0.336)、(0.468±0.418)、(0.383±0.359)mg/L]、 NAG[(29.276±23.406)、(33.275±26.175)、 (36.404±22.903)u/L]及血清SCr[(71.529±18.666)、 (91.930±32.017)、 (89.135±44.988)μmol/L]较非AKI组[β2-MG(0.168±0.150)、(0.227±0.155)、(0.160±0.124)mg/L,RBP(0.228±0.165)、(0.150±0.147)、(0.138±0.118)mg/L,NAG(10.441±5.535)、(13.900±8.243)、(11.940±6.307)u/L,SCr(64.517±17.392)、(68.761±20.176)、(64.268±19.119)μmol/L]明显增高,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01);术后48 h尿β2-MG的AUC最大为0.822,95%CI:0.765~0.890,尿RBP的AUC为0.778,95%CI:0.701~0.878;术后72 h尿NAG的AUC最大为0.850,95%CI:0.774~0.927.结论 成人心脏手术后发生AKI者尿β2-MG、 RBP及NAG水平明显增高;尿β2-MG、RBP诊断心脏手术后AKI的最佳时间点为术后48 h,尿NAG为术后72 h.

  8. The difference of urinary N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase and retinol binding protein before and after coronary angingraphy and their predictive values in contrast induced nephropaty%尿N-乙酰-β-D氨基葡萄糖酐酶和视黄醇结合蛋白在冠状动脉介入术后的变化及早期预测造影剂肾病的价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玲; 倪兆慧; 何奔; 刘建平; 杜勇平; 宋玮; 卜军; 戴惠莉; 吴青伟

    2009-01-01

    Objective To prospectively study the difference of urinary N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase( UN-AG) and retinol binding protein(URBP) in contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). Methods The clinical data of 150 patients undergoing coronary angiography were documented. The urine and blood samples before,24 hours after and 48~72 hours after the procedure were collected;Serum creatinine (SCr) and urinary ereatinine (UCr)were tested by enzymic method. UNAG and URBP were tested by ELISA in CIN and control group. CIN was defined as an increase in SCr of ≥44 μmol/L or >25% from baseline 48 ~72 h after the procedure. 27 age- , sex- , results of coro-nary angiography-matched cases were taken as control group. Results CIN was diagnosed in 13 of 150 patients (8.7%). In CIN group, UNAG/UCr were significantly higher than that in control group[ 1.97 (1.06,2.64) U/mmol vs 1.07 (0, 68,1.88 ) U/mmol, Z = 2.076, P = 0.039 ] before ;24 hours after the procedure, UNAG/UCr was signifi-cantly up-regulated in CIN group from baseline level [ 2.82 ( 1.88 ,4.26) U/mmol vs 1.97 (1.06,2.64) U/mmol, Z =2.607,P =0. 009]. ROC curve analysis showed that baseline UNAG could be used as an early predictor for CIN, the AUC =0. 776 ,P =0.023 ;when cut off value = 8.08 U/L,the sensitivity and specificity of UNAG were 0. 771 and 0. 713 respectively. The percentage of patients of UNAG over 8.08 U/L in CIN group was significantly higher than that in control group[77.1% (10/13) vs 29.6% (8/27) ,Z =2. 564,P =0. 011 ] ,the related risk factor is 5.58,95% CI was 1.24 ~ 25.08. Conclusion UNAG could be used as a predictor of CIN before the procedure and its postprocedure 24 h level maybe useful in early diagnosis after the procedure.%目的 前瞻性研究冠状动脉介入诊疗术后,尿N-乙酰-β-D氨基葡萄糖酐酶(UNAG)和尿视黄醇结合蛋白(URBP)在造影剂所致急性肾损伤发生前后的差异.方法 收集150例接受冠状动脉造影及介入治疗患者的临床资

  9. Correlation between cystatin C,retinol-binding protein and pulmonary infection of patients with diabetes mellitus%糖尿病患者胱抑素C和视黄醇结合蛋白与肺部感染相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周玉森; 方朝晖; 李新杰; 武玮; 孔艳华; 张允

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To study the correlation between cystatin C ,retinol‐binding protein and pulmonary infection of patients with diabetes mellitus ,in order to provide evidence for the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes mellitus complicated with pulmonary infection .METHODS A total of 50 patients with diabetes mellitus complicated with pulmonary infection in hospital from Sep .2013 to Sep .2015 were selected as the group A ,and another 50 patients in the same period with diabetes mellitus were selected as the group B ,another 50 patients with pulmonary infec‐tion as the group C .Then the clinical indexes in three groups were compared and the relation to diabetes mellitus complicated with pulmonary infection were analyzed .RESULTS The serum cystatin C ,serum and urine retinol‐binding protein levels of group A were respectively (2 .75 ± 0 .42)mg/L ,(80 .33 ± 6 .74)mg/L and (0 .31 ± 0 .06) mg/L ,and they were all higher than those of group B and group C .The detection results of group A and group B with different glycosylated hemoglobin levels ,group A and group C with different infection degree of pulmonary in‐fection both had significant differences(P<0 .05) .The logistic analysis showed that those serum and urine indexes all had close relationship to the diabetes mellitus complicated with pulmonary infection (P<0 .05) .CONCLUSION The cystatin C and retinol‐binding protein both have close relationship to the diabetes mellitus complicated with pulmonary infection ,so it has active clinical detection value for the disease .%目的:研究胱抑素C、视黄醇结合蛋白与糖尿病患者肺部感染的关系,为糖尿病患者肺部感染的诊断与治疗提供参考依据。方法选取2013年9月-2015年9月医院收治的50例糖尿病并发肺部感染患者为A组,选取同期的50例糖尿病无肺部感染患者为B组,50例单纯肺部感染患者为C组,比较3组患者临床指标,分析与糖尿病并发肺部感染的关系。结果 A

  10. Discussion on the clinical diagnostic value of joint detection with serum cystatin c (cysc) and retinol binding protein (RBP)in nephropathy%探讨血清视黄醇结合蛋白和胱抑素C在肾脏疾病中的诊断价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅园园; 罗厚龙; 农妍; 刘行超

    2016-01-01

    Objective Discussion on the clinical diagnostic value of joint detection with serum cystatin C (cysC)and retinol bind‐ing protin(RBP)in nephropathy .Methods CysC and RBP were detected in 173 nephropathy patinents and 50 controls with Beck‐man auto chemistry analyzer .Urea Cr and UA were detected at the same time with related statistical analysis .Results ⑴RBP level was significantly higher in 173 nephropathy patients than the healthy controls [(70 .86 ± 14 .41)mg/L and(41 .36 ± 5 .68)mg/L re‐spectively ,P<0 .05] .CysC level was significantly higher in 173 nephropathy patients than the healthy controls [(3 .41 ± 0 .65)mg/L and(0 .98 ± 0 .20)mg/L respectively ,P<0 .05] .(2)The positivity rate of CysC was highest ,followed by RBP .And the positivity rate of joint detection serum CysC and RBP was higher ,significantly higher than that of the traditional renal function indexes (inclu‐ding Urea ,Cr ,UA) .Conclusion Either RBP or CysC can be used as a sensitive index for diagnosis of renal disease .The combined detection of RBP and CysC can be more helpful for the diagnostic yield .%目的:探讨血清视黄醇结合蛋白(retinol blinding protein ,RBP)和胱抑素C(Cystatin C ,CysC)联合检测在肾脏疾病中的临床诊断价值。方法采用Beckman‐Coulter全自动生化仪分别检测173例肾病患者和50例健康体检者的血清尿素氮(U‐rea)、肌酐(Cr)、尿酸(UA)、视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP)、胱抑素C(CysC)的含量,并进行相关的统计学分析。结果173例肾病患者的RBP浓度为(70.86±14.41)mg/L ,CysC浓度为(3.41 ± 0.65)mg/L ,对照组RBP浓度为(41.36±5.68)mg/L ,CysC浓度为(0.98 ± 0.20)mg/L ,肾病组明显高于对照组(P<0.05)。各疾病组 Cysc的检出阳性率最高,RBP次之,二者联合检测阳性率更高,明显高于传统肾功能指标Urea、Cr、UA。结论血清视黄醇结合蛋白和胱抑素C

  11. Plasma proteins as indices of response to nutritional therapy in cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ota, D M; Frasier, P; Guevara, J; Foulkes, M

    1985-07-01

    The use of plasma albumin (ALB), transferrin (TFN), prealbumin (TBPA), retinol-binding protein (RBP), triceps skin fold (TSF), and midarm muscle circumference (MAMC) as determinants of response to nutritional therapy (TPN) was investigated in 40 cancer patients during preoperative TPN. Thirty-one patients received 90% or more of their anabolic caloric requirement (Harris-Benedict equation) by means of TPN. During this study period (average 11.1 +/- 4.7 days) nutritional assessments were completed before TPN and on the last day of TPN before surgery. Average weight loss based on usual body wt (UBW) and ideal body wt (IBW) was 19 +/- 11% and 9 +/- 15%, respectively (not significant, NS). Weight loss (UBW) correlated with ALB (P less than 0.001), TBPA (P less than 0.005) and RBP (P less than 0.02) but did not correlate with TFN (P less than 0.06), TSF, and MAMC. Weight loss (IBW) correlated with TSF (P less than 0.01) and MAMC (P less than 0.03) but did not correlate with plasma protein (PP). During TPN the average percent increases for PP were 0.1% (ALB, NS), 20% (TFN, NS), 60% (TBPA, P less than 0.02), and 116% (RBP, P less than 0.005). These results suggest that plasma TBPA and RBP are significant parameters of response to short-term nutritional therapy in cancer patients.

  12. Decreased Retinol Binding Protein 4 Concentrations are Associated With Cholesterol Gallstone Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shen-Nien Wang

    2010-06-01

    Conclusion: Circulating RBP4 decreases in cholesterol gallstone disease independent of renal function. Further studies are needed to investigate the relationship between liver function and RBP4 levels in these patients.

  13. Retinoid-binding proteins: similar protein architectures bind similar ligands via completely different ways.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Ru Zhang

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Retinoids are a class of compounds that are chemically related to vitamin A, which is an essential nutrient that plays a key role in vision, cell growth and differentiation. In vivo, retinoids must bind with specific proteins to perform their necessary functions. Plasma retinol-binding protein (RBP and epididymal retinoic acid binding protein (ERABP carry retinoids in bodily fluids, while cellular retinol-binding proteins (CRBPs and cellular retinoic acid-binding proteins (CRABPs carry retinoids within cells. Interestingly, although all of these transport proteins possess similar structures, the modes of binding for the different retinoid ligands with their carrier proteins are different. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In this work, we analyzed the various retinoid transport mechanisms using structure and sequence comparisons, binding site analyses and molecular dynamics simulations. Our results show that in the same family of proteins and subcellular location, the orientation of a retinoid molecule within a binding protein is same, whereas when different families of proteins are considered, the orientation of the bound retinoid is completely different. In addition, none of the amino acid residues involved in ligand binding is conserved between the transport proteins. However, for each specific binding protein, the amino acids involved in the ligand binding are conserved. The results of this study allow us to propose a possible transport model for retinoids. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our results reveal the differences in the binding modes between the different retinoid-binding proteins.

  14. ِAssessment of lupus nephritis by measuring urinary retinol binding ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ehab

    urinary RBP, total protein and albumin in urine were 82%, 59% and 77% respectively. So, RBP ... 1- History taking: laying stress on age, duration of the disease, urinary ..... classified as having no renal disease, stable renal disease, probably ...

  15. HIV and schistosomiasis in rural Zimbabwe: the association of Retinol-binding protein with disease progression, inflammation and mortality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastian Ranzi Kotzé

    2015-04-01

    Conclusions: In HIV-infected individuals, RBP was negatively associated with levels of inflammatory markers, markers of HIV progression, infection with schistosomiasis and markers of schistosomal intensity.

  16. The Relationship Between Retinol/Retinol Binding Protein 4 ratio, resistin and inflammation in non diabetic obese Indonesian men

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Meiliana

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Aim To verify the correlation between Retinol/RBP4 Ratio, and resistin with inflammation (represented by hsCRP in non-diabetic obese Indonesian menMethods This was a cross sectional study using 125 subjects. Measured parameters were retinol, RBP4, resistin, and hsCRP. Correlation between retinol, RBP4, resistin, hsCRP and Retinol/RBP4 Ratio was calculated. Cut off point of hsCRP were classiied as follows: <1 mg/l for low risk of inflammation, 1-3 mg/l for moderate risk, and 3-10 mg/l for high risk (according to CVD risk. The Retinol/RBP4 ratio was dichotomized into high (>0.9 and low ratio (≤0.9. The cross tabulation test was performed to predict the inflammation trends described by Retinol/RBP4 Ratio and resistin.Results Retinol was found strongly correlated with RBP4 and resistin (r=0.53; p<0.01. A positive but not significant correlation was found between resistin and Retinol/RBP4 Ratio with hsCRP. In high ratio group, 17.6% subjects were found with low risk inflammation, 26.4% with moderate risk, and 20.8% with high risk, in low ratio group, 8% subjects were low risk inflammation, 20% moderate risk, and 7.2% high risk. Combination between ratio and resistin showed that in “high ratio and low resistin” group, 12% subjects have low risk of inflammation and 8% have high risk. Meanwhile in “low ratio and high resistin” group, 3.2% subjects were found having low risk and 13.6% high risk of inflammation.Conclusions Combination between Retinol/RBP4 Ratio and resistin showed better description about the inflammation risk in non-diabetic obese subjects compare to the ratio itself. (Med J Indones 2010; 19:57-63Keywords: Retinol, RBP4, resistin, hsCRP, obesity, inflammation

  17. Delineation of concentration ranges and longitudinal changes of human plasma protein variants.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olgica Trenchevska

    Full Text Available Human protein diversity arises as a result of alternative splicing, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs and posttranslational modifications. Because of these processes, each protein can exists as multiple variants in vivo. Tailored strategies are needed to study these protein variants and understand their role in health and disease. In this work we utilized quantitative mass spectrometric immunoassays to determine the protein variants concentration of beta-2-microglobulin, cystatin C, retinol binding protein, and transthyretin, in a population of 500 healthy individuals. Additionally, we determined the longitudinal concentration changes for the protein variants from four individuals over a 6 month period. Along with the native forms of the four proteins, 13 posttranslationally modified variants and 7 SNP-derived variants were detected and their concentration determined. Correlations of the variants concentration with geographical origin, gender, and age of the individuals were also examined. This work represents an important step toward building a catalog of protein variants concentrations and examining their longitudinal changes.

  18. CORRELATION OF RETINOL-BINDING PROTEIN 4 AND RETINOL BINDING TYPE 2 DIA-BETIC NEPHROPATHY%2型糖尿病肾病与视黄醇结合蛋白4的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚新华; 胡远明; 刘培忠; 黄月玲; 王治伟

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨视黄醇结合蛋白4对于2型糖尿病肾病的临床检测意义。方法随机选择2013年11月~2014年3月来医院诊治的2型糖尿病合并肾病患者68例为研究组,同时随机抽取同期体检健康者68例为对照A组,随机抽取68例2型糖尿病无肾病者为对照B组。测量研究组与对照组的体质指数、血尿视黄醇结合蛋白4以及胰岛素水平。结果研究组的视黄醇结合蛋白4高于对照组,而且视黄醇结合蛋白4与患者体质指数、胰岛素水平呈现相关性。结论视黄醇结合蛋白4检测对于糖尿病肾病早期检测具有重要的意义,可以为早期糖尿病肾病的诊断提供参考依据。%Objective To explore the clinical significance of RBP 4 for type 2 diabetic nephropathy.Methods Ran-domly selected 68 cases of Type 2 diabetic nephropathy that visited our hospital between November 2013 and February 2014 were selected as research group;68 cases that received health examination during the same period were selected as control group A; and 68 cases of Type 2 diabetes without kidney disease were selected as control group B.BMI, RBP 4 and fasting insulin level were measured and compared in different groups.Results The level of BP4 in research group was higher than that in the control group, and BMI and fasting insulin level in research group were associated with the level of BP4.Conclu-sion RBP4 could be used for assistant diagnosis of type 2 diabetic nephropathy , and it has clinical significance for early de-tection of diabetic nephropathy.

  19. Photoaffinity Labeling of Plasma Proteins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masaki Otagiri

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Photoaffinity labeling is a powerful technique for identifying a target protein. A high degree of labeling specificity can be achieved with this method in comparison to chemical labeling. Human serum albumin (HSA and α1-acid glycoprotein (AGP are two plasma proteins that bind a variety of endogenous and exogenous substances. The ligand binding mechanism of these two proteins is complex. Fatty acids, which are known to be transported in plasma by HSA, cause conformational changes and participate in allosteric ligand binding to HSA. HSA undergoes an N-B transition, a conformational change at alkaline pH, that has been reported to result in increased ligand binding. Attempts have been made to investigate the impact of fatty acids and the N-B transition on ligand binding in HSA using ketoprofen and flunitrazepam as photolabeling agents. Meanwhile, plasma AGP is a mixture of genetic variants of the protein. The photolabeling of AGP with flunitrazepam has been utilized to shed light on the topology of the protein ligand binding site. Furthermore, a review of photoaffinity labeling performed on other major plasma proteins will also be discussed. Using a photoreactive natural ligand as a photolabeling agent to identify target protein in the plasma would reduce non-specific labeling.

  20. Plasma proteomic alterations in non-human primates and humans after chronic alcohol self-administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, Willard M; Vanguilder, Heather D; Guidone, Elizabeth; Krystal, John H; Grant, Kathleen A; Vrana, Kent E

    2011-08-01

    Objective diagnostics of excessive alcohol use are valuable tools in the identification and monitoring of subjects with alcohol use disorders. A number of potential biomarkers of alcohol intake have been proposed, but none have reached widespread clinical usage, often due to limited diagnostic sensitivity and specificity. In order to identify novel potential biomarkers, we performed proteomic biomarker target discovery in plasma samples from non-human primates that chronically self-administer high levels of ethanol. Two-dimensional difference in-gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) was used to quantify plasma proteins from within-subject samples collected before exposure to ethanol and after 3 months of excessive ethanol self-administration. Highly abundant plasma proteins were depleted from plasma samples to increase proteomic coverage. Altered plasma levels of serum amyloid A4 (SAA4), retinol-binding protein, inter-alpha inhibitor H4, clusterin, and fibronectin, identified by 2D-DIGE analysis, were confirmed in unmanipulated, whole plasma from these animals by immunoblotting. Examination of these target plasma proteins in human subjects with excessive alcohol consumption (and control subjects) revealed increased levels of SAA4 and clusterin and decreased levels of fibronectin compared to controls. These proteins not only serve as targets for further development as biomarker candidates or components of biomarker panels, but also add to the growing understanding of dysregulated immune function and lipoprotein metabolism with chronic, excessive alcohol consumption.

  1. Recovery of protein from urine specimens collected in cotton wool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, G C; Taylor, C M

    1992-01-01

    Cotton wool balls have been used to aid the collection of urine from infants. Concentrations of two urinary proteins, albumin and retinol binding protein, decreased by 40 and 80% respectively within 15 minutes of contact with the cotton wool. Cotton wool balls should not be used when investigating proteinuria. PMID:1489230

  2. Redox regulation of protein damage in plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffiths, Helen R; Dias, Irundika H K; Willetts, Rachel S; Devitt, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    The presence and concentrations of modified proteins circulating in plasma depend on rates of protein synthesis, modification and clearance. In early studies, the proteins most frequently analysed for damage were those which were more abundant in plasma (e.g. albumin and immunoglobulins) which exist at up to 10 orders of magnitude higher concentrations than other plasma proteins e.g. cytokines. However, advances in analytical techniques using mass spectrometry and immuno-affinity purification methods, have facilitated analysis of less abundant, modified proteins and the nature of modifications at specific sites is now being characterised. The damaging reactive species that cause protein modifications in plasma principally arise from reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by NADPH oxidases (NOX), nitric oxide synthases (NOS) and oxygenase activities; reactive nitrogen species (RNS) from myeloperoxidase (MPO) and NOS activities; and hypochlorous acid from MPO. Secondary damage to proteins may be caused by oxidized lipids and glucose autooxidation. In this review, we focus on redox regulatory control of those enzymes and processes which control protein maturation during synthesis, produce reactive species, repair and remove damaged plasma proteins. We have highlighted the potential for alterations in the extracellular redox compartment to regulate intracellular redox state and, conversely, for intracellular oxidative stress to alter the cellular secretome and composition of extracellular vesicles. Through secreted, redox-active regulatory molecules, changes in redox state may be transmitted to distant sites.

  3. Retinol Binding Protein-4 Is Associated with TNF-α and Not Insulin Resistance in Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Coronary Heart Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasser M. Al-Daghri

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We studied the association between RBP4 and various markers related to insulin resistance and diabetic complications as well as inflammatory markers in Saudi population suffering from type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease. Patients with type 2 diabetes were divided into 3 groups according to the type of treatment and involvement of coronary artery disease. Serum RBP4, TNF-α, insulin, CRP, resistin, leptin and adiponectin were analysed in all samples. RBP4 levels increased significantly in the group of diabetic subjects treated with oral hypoglycemic agents and diabetic patients with coronary heart disease (30.2 ± 11.8; 33.4 ± 13.6 respectively, while there was no significant change in the other group for diabetic subjects on low-carbohydrate diet (25.1 ± 10.9 compared to control group (22.6 ± 9.5. RPB4 levels were positively correlated with TNF-α in the group of diabetic subjects on oral hypoglycemic agents and diabetic patients with coronary heart disease (r = 0.52, P < 0.05; r = 0.58, P < 0.05 respectively. No correlations were found between RBP4 levels and insulin resistance in all studied groups. Our findings suggest that serum RBP4 levels is associated with pro-inflammatory cytokine (TNF-α and is not associated with insulin resistance among patients with type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease.

  4. Serum Retinol-Binding Protein 4 Concentration and Its Ratio to Serum Retinol Are Associated with Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome Components in Children

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aeberli, I.; Molinari, L.; Spinas, G.; Lehmann, R.; Allemand, l' D.; Zimmermann, M.B.

    2007-01-01

    Objective: The objective of the study was to measure serum RBP4, serum retinol (SR), the RBP4-to-SR molar ratio, and dietary VA intakes in normal-weight and overweight children and investigate the relationship of these variables to IR, subclinical inflammation, and the metabolic syndrome in this age

  5. Redox regulation of protein damage in plasma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen R. Griffiths

    2014-01-01

    In this review, we focus on redox regulatory control of those enzymes and processes which control protein maturation during synthesis, produce reactive species, repair and remove damaged plasma proteins. We have highlighted the potential for alterations in the extracellular redox compartment to regulate intracellular redox state and, conversely, for intracellular oxidative stress to alter the cellular secretome and composition of extracellular vesicles. Through secreted, redox-active regulatory molecules, changes in redox state may be transmitted to distant sites.

  6. Plasma protein haptoglobin modulates renal iron loading

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fagoonee, Sharmila; Gburek, Jakub; Hirsch, Emilio

    2005-01-01

    Haptoglobin is the plasma protein with the highest binding affinity for hemoglobin. The strength of hemoglobin binding and the existence of a specific receptor for the haptoglobin-hemoglobin complex in the monocyte/macrophage system clearly suggest that haptoglobin may have a crucial role in heme...

  7. Mapping the interactions of dengue virus NS1 protein with human liver proteins using a yeast two-hybrid system: identification of C1q as an interacting partner.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emiliana M Silva

    Full Text Available Dengue constitutes a global health concern. The clinical manifestation of this disease varies from mild febrile illness to severe hemorrhage and/or fatal hypovolemic shock. Flavivirus nonstructural protein 1 (NS1 is a secreted glycoprotein that is displayed on the surface of infected cells but is absent in viral particles. NS1 accumulates at high levels in the plasma of dengue virus (DENV-infected patients, and previous reports highlight its involvement in immune evasion, dengue severity, liver dysfunction and pathogenesis. In the present study, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screen to search for DENV2 NS1-interacting partners using a human liver cDNA library. We identified fifty genes, including human complement component 1 (C1q, which was confirmed by coimmunoprecipitation, ELISA and immunofluorescence assays, revealing for the first time the direct binding of this protein to NS1. Furthermore, the majority of the identified genes encode proteins that are secreted into the plasma of patients, and most of these proteins are classified as acute-phase proteins (APPs, such as plasminogen, haptoglobin, hemopexin, α-2-HS-glycoprotein, retinol binding protein 4, transferrin, and C4. The results presented here confirm the direct interaction of DENV NS1 with a key protein of the complement system and suggest a role for this complement protein in the pathogenesis of DENV infection.

  8. Age-related differences in plasma proteins: how plasma proteins change from neonates to adults.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Ignjatovic

    Full Text Available The incidence of major diseases such as cardiovascular disease, thrombosis and cancer increases with age and is the major cause of mortality world-wide, with neonates and children somehow protected from such diseases of ageing. We hypothesized that there are major developmental differences in plasma proteins and that these contribute to age-related changes in the incidence of major diseases. We evaluated the human plasma proteome in healthy neonates, children and adults using the 2D-DIGE approach. We demonstrate significant changes in number and abundance of up to 100 protein spots that have marked differences in during the transition of the plasma proteome from neonate and child through to adult. These proteins are known to be involved in numerous physiological processes such as iron transport and homeostasis, immune response, haemostasis and apoptosis, amongst others. Importantly, we determined that the proteins that are differentially expressed with age are not the same proteins that are differentially expressed with gender and that the degree of phosphorylation of plasma proteins also changes with age. Given the multi-functionality of these proteins in human physiology, understanding the differences in the plasma proteome in neonates and children compared to adults will make a major contribution to our understanding of developmental biology in humans.

  9. Proteins of the canine seminal plasma

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    Annice Aquino-Cortez

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Studies have been performed to identify the proteins present in canine seminal plasma (SP and relate them to sperm quality as well as to discover molecular markers of reproductive tract diseases. There is evidence that heparin-binding proteins, zinc-binding proteins, and lactoferrin as well as the matrix metalloproteinase, superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase enzymes are associated with canine sperm quality. Other studies indicate that prolactin and enzymes like arginine esterase, acid phosphatase, and alkaline phosphatase could be successfully used as biomarkers of reproductive disorders. Thus, the present literature review aims to address aspects related to proteins of the canine SP, their influence on fertility, and their importance as biomarkers of reproductive disorders.

  10. Nutritional support of the hospitalized patIent

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1983-04-16

    Apr 16, 1983 ... weight at admission < 80% of that expected for the patient's height. ... protein synthesis.n Pre-albumin and retinol-binding protein concentrations have ... Plasma globulins are synthesized extrahepatically, but levels may be ...

  11. Retinol status and expression of retinol-related proteins in methionine-choline deficient rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyazaki, Hiroshi; Takitani, Kimitaka; Koh, Maki; Inoue, Akiko; Kishi, Kanta; Tamai, Hiroshi

    2014-01-01

    Retinol and its derivative, retinoic acid, have pleiotropic functions including vision, immunity, hematopoiesis, reproduction, cell differentiation/growth, and development. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common diseases in developed countries and encompasses a broad spectrum of forms, ranging from steatosis to steatohepatitis, which develops further to cirrhosis. Retinol status has an important role in liver homeostasis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the retinol status and expression of retinol-related proteins, including enzymes and binding proteins, in methionine-choline deficient (MCD) rats as a model of NAFLD. We examined retinol levels in the plasma and liver and gene expression for β-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase (BCMO), lecithIn: retinol acyltransferase (LRAT), aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1 (ALDH1A1), ALDH1A2, and cellular retinol binding protein (CRBP)-I in MCD rats. The plasma retinol levels in MCD rats were lower than those in the controls, whereas hepatic retinol levels in MCD rats were higher. BCMO expression in the intestine and liver in MCD rats was lower, whereas that in the testes and the kidneys was higher than in control rats. Expression of LRAT, CRBP-I, ALDH1A1, and ALDH1A2 in the liver of MCD rats was also higher. Altered expression of retinol-related proteins may affect retinol status in NAFLD.

  12. High protein pre-term infant formula: effect on nutrient balance, metabolic status and growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooke, Richard; Embleton, Nick; Rigo, Jacques; Carrie, Annelise; Haschke, Ferdinand; Ziegler, Ekhard

    2006-02-01

    Several lines of evidence suggest that formula with protein content of 3.0 g/100 kcal does not fully meet the protein needs of very-low-birth weight infants. Our purpose was to compare nitrogen balance, metabolic status and growth in infants fed a standard (3.0 g/100 kcal; RegPro) and high (3.6 g/100 kcal; HiPro) protein infant formula. Infants were fed both formulas, each formula for one week in balanced cross-over design. Metabolic status was monitored throughout. Nutrient balance and plasma amino acids were determined at the end of each week. Data were analysed using a linear mixed model. Eighteen infants were studied. Nine infants received the RegPro and nine received HiPro formula first. Nitrogen intake, absorption and retention were greater with the HiPro formula. None of the infants developed uremia or metabolic acidosis but retinol-binding-protein and weight gain were greater with the HiPro formula. Increased protein accretion paralleled by better weight gain without evidence of metabolic stress indicates that a formula with a protein content of 3.6 g/100 kcal better meets protein needs in these rapidly-growing infants. Further studies are needed to determine whether these short-term outcomes will be translated into long-term benefits.

  13. Identification of fibrin clot-bound plasma proteins

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Talens (Simone); F.W.G. Leebeek (Frank); J.A.A. Demmers (Jeroen); D.C. Rijken (Dingeman)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractSeveral proteins are known to bind to a fibrin network and to change clot properties or function. In this study we aimed to get an overview of fibrin clot-bound plasma proteins. A plasma clot was formed by adding thrombin, CaCl2 and aprotinin to citrated platelet-poor plasma and unbound

  14. Zeolite Nanoparticles for Selective Sorption of Plasma Proteins

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rahimi, Mehran; Ng, E. -P.; Bakhtiari, K.; Vinciguerra, M.; Ahmad, H. Ali; Awala, H.; Mintova, S.; Daghighi, M.; Rostami, F. Bakhshandeh; de Vries, Marcel; Motazacker, M. M.; Peppelenbosch, M. P.; Mahmoudi, M.; Rezaee, F.

    2015-01-01

    The affinity of zeolite nanoparticles (diameter of 8-12 nm) possessing high surface area and high pore volume towards human plasma proteins has been investigated. The protein composition (corona) of zeolite nanoparticles has been shown to be more dependent on the plasma protein concentrations and

  15. Zeolite Nanoparticles for Selective Sorption of Plasma Proteins

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rahimi, Mehran; Ng, E. -P.; Bakhtiari, K.; Vinciguerra, M.; Ahmad, H. Ali; Awala, H.; Mintova, S.; Daghighi, M.; Rostami, F. Bakhshandeh; de Vries, Marcel; Motazacker, M. M.; Peppelenbosch, M. P.; Mahmoudi, M.; Rezaee, F.

    2015-01-01

    The affinity of zeolite nanoparticles (diameter of 8-12 nm) possessing high surface area and high pore volume towards human plasma proteins has been investigated. The protein composition (corona) of zeolite nanoparticles has been shown to be more dependent on the plasma protein concentrations and th

  16. Zeolite Nanoparticles for Selective Sorption of Plasma Proteins

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Rahimi (Mehran); E.-P. Ng; K. Bakhtiari (Kamran); M. Vinciguerra (Manlio); H.A. Ahmad (H. Ali); H. Awala; S. Mintova; M. Daghighi (Mojtaba); F. Bakhshandeh Rostami; M. de Vries (Marieke); M.M. Motazacker (Mohammad); M.P. Peppelenbosch (Maikel); M. Mahmoudi; F. Rezaee (Farhad)

    2015-01-01

    textabstractThe affinity of zeolite nanoparticles (diameter of 8-12 nm) possessing high surface area and high pore volume towards human plasma proteins has been investigated. The protein composition (corona) of zeolite nanoparticles has been shown to be more dependent on the plasma protein concentra

  17. Advanced Developments of Electron Spin Labeling as High-Resolution Sensors of Protein Structure and Conformational Switching

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Myoglobin (Myb) and Cellular Retinol Binding Protein (CRBP) were prepared, and the corresponding EPR spectra analyzed by simulation techniques. In...unprecedented level of sophistication in interpretation of the EPR spectra of labeled proteins, and establish the feasibility of separating structural and...protein as well as local structure, but to date the level of interpretation has been largely qualitative and it has not been possible to separate the

  18. Effects of a polyelectrolyte additive on the selective dialysis membrane permeability for low-molecular-weight proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krieter, Detlef H; Morgenroth, Andreas; Barasinski, Artur; Lemke, Horst-Dieter; Schuster, Oliver; von Harten, Bodo; Wanner, Christoph

    2007-02-01

    Improving the sieving characteristics of dialysis membranes enhances the clearance of low-molecular-weight (LMW) proteins and may have an impact on outcome in patients receiving haemodialysis. To approach this goal, a novel polyelectrolyte additive process was applied to a polyethersulphone (PES) membrane. Polyelectrolyte-modified PES was characterized in vitro by measuring complement activation and sieving coefficients of cytochrome c and serum albumin. In a prospective, randomized, cross-over study, instantaneous plasma water clearances and reduction rates of LMW proteins [beta(2)-microglobulin (b2m), cystatin c, myoglobin, retinol binding protein] were determined in eight patients receiving dialysis treatment with PES in comparison with polysulphone (PSU). Biocompatibility was assessed by determination of transient leucopenia, plasma levels of complement C5a, thrombin-antithrombin III (TAT), myeloperoxidase (MPO) and elastase (ELT). PES showed a steeper sieving profile and lower complement activation in vitro compared with PSU. Instantaneous clearance (69 +/- 8 vs. 58 +/- 3 ml/min; P dialysis). MPO, ELT and TAT did not differ between the two membranes. In contrast, leucopenia was less pronounced and C5a generation was significantly lower during dialysis with PES. Polyelectrolyte modification of PES results in a higher LMW protein removal and in optimized biocompatibility. Whether these findings translate into better outcome of patients receiving haemodialysis requires further studies.

  19. The 82-plex plasma protein signature that predicts increasing inflammation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tepel, Martin; Beck, Hans C; Tan, Qihua;

    2015-01-01

    transplant recipients and quantified 359 plasma proteins simultaneously using nano-Liquid-Chromatography-Tandem Mass-Spectrometry in individual samples and plasma C-reactive protein on the index day and the next day. Next-day C-reactive protein increased in 59 patients whereas it decreased in 32 patients......The objective of the study was to define the specific plasma protein signature that predicts the increase of the inflammation marker C-reactive protein from index day to next-day using proteome analysis and novel bioinformatics tools. We performed a prospective study of 91 incident kidney....... The prediction model selected and validated 82 plasma proteins which determined increased next-day C-reactive protein (area under receiver-operator-characteristics curve, 0.772; 95% confidence interval, 0.669 to 0.876; P protein signature (P 

  20. Plasma and Plasma Protein Product Transfusion: A Canadian Blood Services Centre for Innovation Symposium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeller, Michelle P; Al-Habsi, Khalid S; Golder, Mia; Walsh, Geraldine M; Sheffield, William P

    2015-07-01

    Plasma obtained via whole blood donation processing or via apheresis technology can either be transfused directly to patients or pooled and fractionated into plasma protein products that are concentrates of 1 or more purified plasma protein. The evidence base supporting clinical efficacy in most of the indications for which plasma is transfused is weak, whereas high-quality evidence supports the efficacy of plasma protein products in at least some of the clinical settings in which they are used. Transfusable plasma utilization remains composed in part of applications that fall outside of clinical practice guidelines. Plasma contains all of the soluble coagulation factors and is frequently transfused in efforts to restore or reinforce patient hemostasis. The biochemical complexities of coagulation have in recent years been rationalized in newer cell-based models that supplement the cascade hypothesis. Efforts to normalize widely used clinical hemostasis screening test values by plasma transfusion are thought to be misplaced, but superior rapid tests have been slow to emerge. The advent of non-vitamin K-dependent oral anticoagulants has brought new challenges to clinical laboratories in plasma testing and to clinicians needing to reverse non-vitamin K-dependent oral anticoagulants urgently. Current plasma-related controversies include prophylactic plasma transfusion before invasive procedures, plasma vs prothrombin complex concentrates for urgent warfarin reversal, and the utility of increased ratios of plasma to red blood cell units transfused in massive transfusion protocols. The first recombinant plasma protein products to reach the clinic were recombinant hemophilia treatment products, and these donor-free equivalents to factors VIII and IX are now being supplemented with novel products whose circulatory half-lives have been increased by chemical modification or genetic fusion. Achieving optimal plasma utilization is an ongoing challenge in the interconnected

  1. Identification of fibrin clot-bound plasma proteins.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Talens

    Full Text Available Several proteins are known to bind to a fibrin network and to change clot properties or function. In this study we aimed to get an overview of fibrin clot-bound plasma proteins. A plasma clot was formed by adding thrombin, CaCl(2 and aprotinin to citrated platelet-poor plasma and unbound proteins were washed away with Tris-buffered saline. Non-covalently bound proteins were extracted, separated with 2D gel electrophoresis and visualized with Sypro Ruby. Excised protein spots were analyzed with mass spectrometry. The identity of the proteins was verified by checking the mass of the protein, and, if necessary, by Western blot analysis. Next to established fibrin-binding proteins we identified several novel fibrin clot-bound plasma proteins, including α(2-macroglobulin, carboxypeptidase N, α(1-antitrypsin, haptoglobin, serum amyloid P, and the apolipoproteins A-I, E, J, and A-IV. The latter six proteins are associated with high-density lipoprotein particles. In addition we showed that high-density lipoprotein associated proteins were also present in fibrinogen preparations purified from plasma. Most plasma proteins in a fibrin clot can be classified into three groups according to either blood coagulation, protease inhibition or high-density lipoprotein metabolism. The presence of high-density lipoprotein in clots might point to a role in hemostasis.

  2. Relationship between Proinflammatory and Antioxidant Proteins with the Severity of Cardiovascular Disease in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz García-Fontana

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients are at significant risk of cardiovascular disease, however, the pathophysiology of these complications is complex and incompletely known in this population. The aim of this study was to compare the serum proteome of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus presenting or not presenting cardiovascular disease with non-diabetic subjects to find essential proteins related to these cardiovascular complications. This cross-sectional study compares the serum proteome by a combination of protein depletion with 2D-DIGE (2-dimension Difference Gel Electrophoresis methodology. The proteins differentially expressed were identified by MALDI TOF/TOF (Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization and Time-Of-Flight ion detector or LC-MS/MS (Liquid Chromatography coupled to Mass-Mass Spectrometry. Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with cardiovascular disease showed higher expression of plasma retinol binding protein and glutathione peroxidase-3 compared to those without cardiovascular disease and non-diabetic controls. These results show that proteins related to the inflammatory and redox state appear to play an important role in the pathogenesis of the cardiovascular disease in the type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.

  3. Plasma PIVKA proteins in rabbits given warfarin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zivelin, A; Rao, L V; Rapaport, S I

    1996-06-01

    The presence of partially carboxylated forms of the vitamin K dependent coagulation factors (PIVKA) was evaluated in the plasma of rabbits treated with warfarin. Excess antigen over activity as measured in rabbit specific assays was taken as evidence for PIVKA. Our data confirm a previous report of the absence of plasma PIVKA prothrombin. In contrast, plasma PIVKA factors VII, IX, and X were demonstrable. A striking excess of plasma factor IX antigen over activity was measured and a large fraction of the factor IX antigen persisted in the plasma after its adsorption with barium citrate.

  4. Clinical significance of serum cystatin C and retinol binding proteinin in patients with primary hypertension nephropathy%原发性高血压肾病患者血清胱抑素C和视黄醇结合蛋白检测的临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方宗信; 黄瑞茹; 夏昕; 李金南; 李秀义; 汪平

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical significance of serum cystatin C (CYSC) and retinol binding proteinin (RBP) in patients with primary hypertension nephropathy. Methods Serum CYSC, RBP and urine micro-protein levels (MALB, IgG, TRFU, α-MG, β2~MG) were detected with immunoturbidimetry in 184 patieents (57 cases in the normal albuminuria group, 59 cases in the microalbuminuria group and 68 cases in the macroalbumin-uria group) with primary hypertension nephropathy, and compared with those of 72 healthy voluntes (the control group). Results The levels of CYSC, RBP, MALB, IgG, TRFU, α1-MG and β-MG in the microalbuminuria group and 68 macroalbuminuria group were significantly higher than those in the control group and the normal albuminuria group (P< 0.05). Serum CYSC had positive correlation with RBP, MALB, IgG, TRFU,a,-MG andβ2-MG 0=0.92, 0.85, 0.76, 0.67, 0.58, 0.63, P<0.05) in the patients. Conclusion The levels of CYSC, RBP, M ALB, IgG, TRFU, a1-MG and β2-MG increase gradually with the primary hypertension nephropathy getting more severe. It could be used as a sensitive marker for early monitoring the development and progress of primary hypertension nephropathy.%目的 探讨原发性高血压肾病患者血清胱抑素C (Cysc)和血清视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP)水平检测的临床意义.方法 应用免疫比浊法对184 例原发性高血压患者(正常蛋白尿组57 例,微量蛋白尿组59 例,大量蛋白尿组68 例)血清Cysc、RBP 以及尿液微量蛋白(MALB、IgG、TRFU、α1-MG、β2-MG)的水平进行检测,并与72 例健康体检者(正常对照组)进行对比分析.结果 微量蛋白尿组和大量蛋白尿组患者血清Cysc、RBP尿MALB、IgG、TRFU、α1-MG、β2-MG 等各项微量蛋白水平显著高于正常对照组和正常蛋白尿组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).原发性高血压肾病患者血清Cysc 与血清RBP及各项尿MALB、IgG、TRFU、α1-MG、β2-MG等微量蛋白指标水平呈正相关(r=0.92、0.85、0.76、0

  5. POLY(N-VINYLPYRROLIDONE)-MODIFIED SURFACES REPEL PLASMA PROTEIN ADSORPTION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-li Liu; Zhao-qiang Wu; Dan Li; Hong Chen

    2012-01-01

    The present work aimed to study the interaction between plasma proteins and PVP-modified surfaces under more complex protein conditions.In the competitive adsorption of fibrinogen (Fg) and human serum albumin (HSA),the modified surfaces showed preferential adsorption of HSA.In 100% plasma,the amount of Fg adsorbed onto PVP-modified surfaces was as low as 10 ng/cm2,suggesting the excellent protein resistance properties of the modified surfaces.In addition,immunoblots of proteins eluted from the modified surfaces after plasma contact confirmed that PVP-modified surfaces can repel most plasma proteins,especially proteins that play important roles in the process of blood coagulation.

  6. Comparative changes in plasma protein concentration, hematocrit and plasma volume during exercise, bedrest and + Gz acceleration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Beaumont, W.; Greenleaf, J. E.

    1972-01-01

    Discussion of experiments which indicate that under conditions of a constant red cell volume the proportional changes in hematocrit and plasma volume during exercise are never equal. On the basis of direct measurements and calculated changes of plasma volume it is concluded that during maximal exercise there is a small loss of protein from the plasma. It is clear that changes in content of blood constituents can only be evaluated correctly after determination of changes in plasma volume.

  7. Cold Atmospheric Plasma Manipulation of Proteins in Food Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tolouie, Haniye; Hashemi, Maryam; Mohammadifar, Mohammad Amin

    2017-01-01

    Plasma processing has been getting a lot of attention in recent applications as a novel, eco-friendly, and highly efficient approach. Cold plasma has mostly been used to reduce microbial counts in foodstuff and biological materials, as well as in different levels of packaging, particularly in cases...... where there is thermal sensitivity. As it is a very recent application, the impact of cold plasma treatment has been studied on the protein structures of food and pharmaceutical systems, as well as in the packaging industry. Proteins, as a food constituent, play a remarkable role in the techno...... of plasma on the conformation and function of proteins with food origin, especially enzymes and allergens, as well as protein-made packaging films. In enzyme manipulation with plasma, deactivation has been reported to be either partial or complete. In addition, an activity increase has been observed in some...

  8. Glycosylation of hemoglobin and plasma proteins in petrochemical plant workers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Unrug, A.; Tomaszewski, L.

    1985-01-01

    The concentration of glycosylated hemoglobin and (plasma) proteins has been measured in 111 workers of 6 MZRiP departments in Plock and in 54 healthy people. In all subjects the mean concentrations of glycosylated hemoglobin and glycosylated plasma proteins have been in so called wide range of normal values. Significant shifts of glycosylated Hb concentrations have been found in two departments--those of ethylenederivatives and distillation. The concentration of glycosylated plasma proteins has been elevated only in workers of the Catalytic Processes Department.

  9. Energy status, lipid-soluble vitamins, and acute phase proteins in periparturient Holstein and Jersey dairy cows with or without subclinical mastitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezamand, P; Hoagland, T A; Moyes, K M; Silbart, L K; Andrew, S M

    2007-11-01

    In a retrospective, case-controlled, observational study, associations among indices of negative energy balance, plasma lipid and lipid-soluble vitamin concentrations, plasma acute phase protein status, and occurrence of a new subclinical intramammary infection (IMI) during the periparturient period were determined. Cows were paired based on breed and expected parturition date (EPD) and monitored from the cessation of lactation through wk 8 of the subsequent lactation. A cow was identified as developing a new IMI if the intramammary pathogen isolated postpartum differed from that isolated in wk -9 (relative to EPD). Mean body condition score (BCS) of cows at wk -9 was 3.71 +/- 0.12. Fifteen Holstein and 15 Jersey dairy cows met the study selection criteria. Cows with a new IMI had greater body condition score, body weight, and body weight loss compared with cows that did not develop a new IMI. Prepartum plasma concentrations of beta-carotene were greater for Jersey cows with a new IMI compared with Jersey cows without a new IMI and Holstein cows, regardless of IMI status. However, there was a significant delay in recovery of plasma concentrations of beta-carotene postpartum for Jersey cows with a new IMI compared with Jersey cows without a new IMI. Plasma alpha-tocopherol, albumin, and retinol binding protein concentrations were greater during the periparturient period for cows without a new IMI. Plasma haptoglobin was increased at wk 1 postpartum for cows without a new IMI. Milk protein and lactose percentages and milk urea N were decreased and somatic cell counts were increased in cows identified with a new IMI compared with cows that did not develop a new IMI. Dairy cows with greater tissue energy stores prepartum and reduced plasma proteins, beta-carotene, and alpha-tocopherol had a greater risk for developing a new IMI during the periparturient period.

  10. Relative quantification of several plasma proteins during liver transplantation surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parviainen, Ville; Joenväärä, Sakari; Tukiainen, Eija; Ilmakunnas, Minna; Isoniemi, Helena; Renkonen, Risto

    2011-01-01

    Plasma proteome is widely used in studying changes occurring in human body during disease or other disturbances. Immunological methods are commonly used in such studies. In recent years, mass spectrometry has gained popularity in high-throughput analysis of plasma proteins. In this study, we tested whether mass spectrometry and iTRAQ-based protein quantification might be used in proteomic analysis of human plasma during liver transplantation surgery to characterize changes in protein abundances occurring during early graft reperfusion. We sampled blood from systemic circulation as well as blood entering and exiting the liver. After immunodepletion of six high-abundant plasma proteins, trypsin digestion, iTRAQ labeling, and cation-exchange fractionation, the peptides were analyzed by reverse phase nano-LC-MS/MS. In total, 72 proteins were identified of which 31 could be quantified in all patient specimens collected. Of these 31 proteins, ten, mostly medium-to-high abundance plasma proteins with a concentration range of 50-2000 mg/L, displayed relative abundance change of more than 10%. The changes in protein abundance observed in this study allow further research on the role of several proteins in ischemia-reperfusion injury during liver transplantation and possibly in other surgery.

  11. Relative Quantification of Several Plasma Proteins during Liver Transplantation Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ville Parviainen

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Plasma proteome is widely used in studying changes occurring in human body during disease or other disturbances. Immunological methods are commonly used in such studies. In recent years, mass spectrometry has gained popularity in high-throughput analysis of plasma proteins. In this study, we tested whether mass spectrometry and iTRAQ-based protein quantification might be used in proteomic analysis of human plasma during liver transplantation surgery to characterize changes in protein abundances occurring during early graft reperfusion. We sampled blood from systemic circulation as well as blood entering and exiting the liver. After immunodepletion of six high-abundant plasma proteins, trypsin digestion, iTRAQ labeling, and cation-exchange fractionation, the peptides were analyzed by reverse phase nano-LC-MS/MS. In total, 72 proteins were identified of which 31 could be quantified in all patient specimens collected. Of these 31 proteins, ten, mostly medium-to-high abundance plasma proteins with a concentration range of 50–2000 mg/L, displayed relative abundance change of more than 10%. The changes in protein abundance observed in this study allow further research on the role of several proteins in ischemia-reperfusion injury during liver transplantation and possibly in other surgery.

  12. Microdomains of SNARE proteins in the plasma membrane

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bogaart, G. van den; Lang, T.; Jahn, R.

    2013-01-01

    Exocytosis is catalyzed by the engagement of SNARE proteins embedded in the plasma membrane with complementary SNAREs in the membrane of trafficking vesicles undergoing exocytosis. In most cells studied so far, SNAREs are not randomly distributed across the plasma membrane but are clustered and

  13. QSARs for Plasma Protein Binding: Source Data and Predictions

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The dataset has all of the information used to create and evaluate 3 independent QSAR models for the fraction of a chemical unbound by plasma protein (Fub) for...

  14. Transport proteins of the plant plasma membrane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Assmann, S. M.; Haubrick, L. L.; Evans, M. L. (Principal Investigator)

    1996-01-01

    Recently developed molecular and genetic approaches have enabled the identification and functional characterization of novel genes encoding ion channels, ion carriers, and water channels of the plant plasma membrane.

  15. Zeolite Nanoparticles for Selective Sorption of Plasma Proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahimi, M; Ng, E-P; Bakhtiari, K; Vinciguerra, M; Ali Ahmad, H; Awala, H; Mintova, S; Daghighi, M; Bakhshandeh Rostami, F; de Vries, M; Motazacker, M M; Peppelenbosch, M P; Mahmoudi, M; Rezaee, F

    2015-11-30

    The affinity of zeolite nanoparticles (diameter of 8-12 nm) possessing high surface area and high pore volume towards human plasma proteins has been investigated. The protein composition (corona) of zeolite nanoparticles has been shown to be more dependent on the plasma protein concentrations and the type of zeolites than zeolite nanoparticles concentration. The number of proteins present in the corona of zeolite nanoparticles at 100% plasma (in vivo state) is less than with 10% plasma exposure. This could be due to a competition between the proteins to occupy the corona of the zeolite nanoparticles. Moreover, a high selective adsorption for apolipoprotein C-III (APOC-III) and fibrinogen on the zeolite nanoparticles at high plasma concentration (100%) was observed. While the zeolite nanoparticles exposed to low plasma concentration (10%) exhibited a high selective adsorption for immunoglobulin gamma (i.e. IGHG1, IGHG2 and IGHG4) proteins. The zeolite nanoparticles can potentially be used for selectively capture of APOC-III in order to reduce the activation of lipoprotein lipase inhibition during hypertriglyceridemia treatment. The zeolite nanoparticles can be adapted to hemophilic patients (hemophilia A (F-VIII deficient) and hemophilia B (F-IX deficient)) with a risk of bleeding, and thus might be potentially used in combination with the existing therapy.

  16. Zeolite Nanoparticles for Selective Sorption of Plasma Proteins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahimi, M.; Ng, E.-P.; Bakhtiari, K.; Vinciguerra, M.; Ahmad, H. Ali; Awala, H.; Mintova, S.; Daghighi, M.; Bakhshandeh Rostami, F.; de Vries, M.; Motazacker, M. M.; Peppelenbosch, M. P.; Mahmoudi, M.; Rezaee, F.

    2015-11-01

    The affinity of zeolite nanoparticles (diameter of 8-12 nm) possessing high surface area and high pore volume towards human plasma proteins has been investigated. The protein composition (corona) of zeolite nanoparticles has been shown to be more dependent on the plasma protein concentrations and the type of zeolites than zeolite nanoparticles concentration. The number of proteins present in the corona of zeolite nanoparticles at 100% plasma (in vivo state) is less than with 10% plasma exposure. This could be due to a competition between the proteins to occupy the corona of the zeolite nanoparticles. Moreover, a high selective adsorption for apolipoprotein C-III (APOC-III) and fibrinogen on the zeolite nanoparticles at high plasma concentration (100%) was observed. While the zeolite nanoparticles exposed to low plasma concentration (10%) exhibited a high selective adsorption for immunoglobulin gamma (i.e. IGHG1, IGHG2 and IGHG4) proteins. The zeolite nanoparticles can potentially be used for selectively capture of APOC-III in order to reduce the activation of lipoprotein lipase inhibition during hypertriglyceridemia treatment. The zeolite nanoparticles can be adapted to hemophilic patients (hemophilia A (F-VIII deficient) and hemophilia B (F-IX deficient)) with a risk of bleeding, and thus might be potentially used in combination with the existing therapy.

  17. Differential plasma protein binding to metal oxide nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deng, Zhou J; Mortimer, Gysell; Minchin, Rodney F [School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072 (Australia); Schiller, Tara; Musumeci, Anthony; Martin, Darren, E-mail: r.minchin@uq.edu.a [Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072 (Australia)

    2009-11-11

    Nanoparticles rapidly interact with the proteins present in biological fluids, such as blood. The proteins that are adsorbed onto the surface potentially dictate the biokinetics of the nanomaterials and their fate in vivo. Using nanoparticles with different sizes and surface characteristics, studies have reported the effects of physicochemical properties on the composition of adsorbed plasma proteins. However, to date, few studies have been conducted focusing on the nanoparticles that are commonly exposed to the general public, such as the metal oxides. Using previously established ultracentrifugation approaches, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry, the current study investigated the binding of human plasma proteins to commercially available titanium dioxide, silicon dioxide and zinc oxide nanoparticles. We found that, despite these particles having similar surface charges in buffer, they bound different plasma proteins. For TiO{sub 2}, the shape of the nanoparticles was also an important determinant of protein binding. Agglomeration in water was observed for all of the nanoparticles and both TiO{sub 2} and ZnO further agglomerated in biological media. This led to an increase in the amount and number of different proteins bound to these nanoparticles. Proteins with important biological functions were identified, including immunoglobulins, lipoproteins, acute-phase proteins and proteins involved in complement pathways and coagulation. These results provide important insights into which human plasma proteins bind to particular metal oxide nanoparticles. Because protein absorption to nanoparticles may determine their interaction with cells and tissues in vivo, understanding how and why plasma proteins are adsorbed to these particles may be important for understanding their biological responses.

  18. Interaction of plasma proteins with commercial protein repellent polyvinyl chloride (PVC): a word of caution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Somer, F; Van Landschoot, A; Van Nooten, G; Delanghe, J

    2008-07-01

    Protein adsorption onto polymers remains a problem. In recent years, several protein-repellent PVC tubings have been developed. Although several studies report the interaction between plasma coagulation proteins and PVC, few address the interaction with other plasma proteins. Two commercial brands of untreated medical grade PVC tubing, phosphorylcholine-coated PVC tubing, triblock-copolymer (polycaprolactone-polydimethylsiloxane-polycaprolactone)-treated PVC tubing and poly-2-methoxyethylacrylate (PMEA)-coated tubing were exposed for 60 minutes to human plasma. A broad spectrum of plasma proteins was found on all tubing. The adsorbed albumin to total protein ratio is lower than the similar ratio in plasma while alpha1 and alpha2 globulins are over-represented in the protein spectrum. On PMEA tubing, not only alpha globulins, but also beta and gamma globulins, are found in high concentrations in the adsorbed protein. PMEA tubing and uncoated PVC tubing of brand B had a higher amount of protein adsorbed compared against all other tubing (p < 0.05). There were no statistical differences in protein adsorption between the triblock-copolymer-treated tubing, the phosphorylcholine-coated tubing and the uncoated PVC tubing of brand A. The average thickness of the protein layer was 23 nm. Plasma protein adsorption still exists on uncoated and protein-repellent tubing and can initiate a systemic inflammatory reaction.

  19. Protein Adsorption on Various Plasma-Treated Polyethylene Terephthalate Substrates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Stana-Kleinschek

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Protein adhesion and cell response to plasma-treated polymer surfaces were studied. The polymer polyethylene terephthalate (PET was treated in either an oxygen plasma to make the surface hydrophilic, or a tetrafluoromethane CF4 plasma to make the surface hydrophobic. The plasma source was radiofrequency (RF discharge. The adsorption of albumin and other proteins from a cell-culture medium onto these surfaces was studied using a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS and atomic force microscopy (AFM. The cellular response to plasma-treated surfaces was studied as well using an MTT assay and scanning electron microscopy (SEM. The fastest adsorption rate was found on the hydrophilic oxygen plasma-treated sample, and the lowest was found on the pristine untreated sample. Additionally, the amount of adsorbed proteins was higher for the oxygen-plasma-treated surface, and the adsorbed layer was more viscoelastic. In addition, cell adhesion studies support this finding because the best cell adhesion was observed on oxygen-plasma-treated substrates.

  20. The dynamics of plant plasma membrane proteins: PINs and beyond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luschnig, Christian; Vert, Grégory

    2014-08-01

    Plants are permanently situated in a fixed location and thus are well adapted to sense and respond to environmental stimuli and developmental cues. At the cellular level, several of these responses require delicate adjustments that affect the activity and steady-state levels of plasma membrane proteins. These adjustments involve both vesicular transport to the plasma membrane and protein internalization via endocytic sorting. A substantial part of our current knowledge of plant plasma membrane protein sorting is based on studies of PIN-FORMED (PIN) auxin transport proteins, which are found at distinct plasma membrane domains and have been implicated in directional efflux of the plant hormone auxin. Here, we discuss the mechanisms involved in establishing such polar protein distributions, focusing on PINs and other key plant plasma membrane proteins, and we highlight the pathways that allow for dynamic adjustments in protein distribution and turnover, which together constitute a versatile framework that underlies the remarkable capabilities of plants to adjust growth and development in their ever-changing environment.

  1. Comparative Plasma Protein Profiling of Hemoglobin H Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamonlak Leecharoenkiat

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available HbH and HbH-constant spring (HbH-CS are the most common forms of α-thalassemia detected in the Thai population. The accumulation of excess β globin chains in these diseases results in increased red cell hemolysis, and patients with HbH-CS normally have a more severe clinical presentation than patients with HbH disease. This study aimed to detect alterations in the expression of plasma proteins of HbH and HbH-CS patients as compared to normal plasma. Platelet poor plasma was separated from HbH and HbH-CS and normal subjects and differential plasma proteins were detected using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and identified using LC/MS/MS. A total of 14 differentially expressed proteins were detected of which 5 proteins were upregulated and 9 were downregulated. Most of the differentially expressed proteins are liver secreted proteins involved in hemolysis, oxidative stress response, and hemoglobin degradation. Seven proteins were found to be differentially expressed between HbH and HbH-CS. Levels of haptoglobin, a hemoglobin scavenging protein, were significantly increased in HbH patients as compared to HbH-CS patients. The identification of differentially expressed proteins may lead to a better understanding of the biological events underlying the clinical presentation of HbH and HbH-CS patients and can have application as hemolytic markers or severity predictors.

  2. Organization and Dynamics of Receptor Proteins in a Plasma Membrane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koldsø, Heidi; Sansom, Mark S P

    2015-11-25

    The interactions of membrane proteins are influenced by their lipid environment, with key lipid species able to regulate membrane protein function. Advances in high-resolution microscopy can reveal the organization and dynamics of proteins and lipids within living cells at resolutions membranes of in vivo-like complexity. We explore the dynamics of proteins and lipids in crowded and complex plasma membrane models, thereby closing the gap in length and complexity between computations and experiments. Our simulations provide insights into the mutual interplay between lipids and proteins in determining mesoscale (20-100 nm) fluctuations of the bilayer, and in enabling oligomerization and clustering of membrane proteins.

  3. Regulation of IGF binding protein proteolysis by pregnancy-associated plasma protein-ARegulation of IGF binding protein proteolysis by pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gaidamauskas, Ervinas

    During his PhD studies, Ervinas Gaidamauskas researched the proteins pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and its homologue PAPP-A2 in vitro. As suggested by its name, PAPP-A plays an important role in pregnancy and fetal development. Additionally, recent studies indicate a newly...

  4. Regulation of IGF binding protein proteolysis by pregnancy-associated plasma protein-ARegulation of IGF binding protein proteolysis by pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gaidamauskas, Ervinas

    During his PhD studies, Ervinas Gaidamauskas researched the proteins pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and its homologue PAPP-A2 in vitro. As suggested by its name, PAPP-A plays an important role in pregnancy and fetal development. Additionally, recent studies indicate a newly...

  5. Hypochlorite-induced oxidation of proteins in plasma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hawkins, C L; Davies, Michael Jonathan

    1999-01-01

    Activated phagocyte cells generate hypochlorite (HOCl) via the release of H2O2 and the enzyme myeloperoxidase. Plasma proteins are major targets for HOCl, although little information is available about the mechanism(s) of oxidation. In this study the reaction of HOCl (at least 50 microM) with dil......Activated phagocyte cells generate hypochlorite (HOCl) via the release of H2O2 and the enzyme myeloperoxidase. Plasma proteins are major targets for HOCl, although little information is available about the mechanism(s) of oxidation. In this study the reaction of HOCl (at least 50 micro......M) with diluted fresh human plasma has been shown to generate material that oxidizes 5-thio-2-nitrobenzoic acid; these oxidants are believed to be chloramines formed from the reaction of HOCl with protein amine groups. Chloramines have also been detected with isolated plasma proteins treated with HOCl. In both....... These results are consistent with protein-derived chloramines, and the radicals derived from them, as contributing agents in HOCl-induced plasma protein oxidation....

  6. Lowering of plasma phospholipid transfer protein activity by acute hyperglycaemia-induced hyperinsulinaemia in healthy men

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    vanTol, A; Ligtenberg, JJM; Riemens, SC; vanHaeften, TW; Dullaart, RPF

    1997-01-01

    Human plasma contains two lipid transfer proteins involved in the remodelling of plasma lipoproteins: cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) and phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP). CETP mediates the transfer/exchange of cholesterylesters, triglycerides and phospholipids between high-density lip

  7. 免疫比浊法测定血清视黄醇结合蛋白方法学评价%Turbidimetric immunoassay for detection of retinol-binding protein in serum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宁

    2010-01-01

    目的 对免疫透射比浊法测定血清视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP)进行方法学评价.方法 采用免疫比浊测定法,根据美国临床实验室标准化委员会(NCCLS)相关文件,对该方法进行精密度、线性、准确性等评价及临床初步应用.结果 批内CV%<4.0%,批间CV%<5.0%.抗干扰性强,Hb≤4.0 g/L、胆红素小于或等于420 μmol/L、三酰甘油小于或等于10 mmol/L对测定无影响;与进口试剂对比,Y=1.007 5X+0.002 9,r=0.999 5,两者相关性良好,试剂开瓶稳定性良好.结论 免疫比浊测定血清视黄醇结合蛋白,方法简便、快速、灵敏,结果准确,可用自动分析仪测试,适合临床检验科应用.

  8. Plasma concentrations of four pregnancy proteins in complications of pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, T M; Halbert, S P; Spellacy, W N; Berne, B H

    1977-08-01

    Toxemia of pregnancy was associated with an elevation of the pregnancy-associated plasma protein (PAPP)-A concentration, as compared to the level in normal pregnancy in the last month of gestation. The other pregnancy proteins measured were not altered in toxemia. In twin pregnancies, the PAPP-A, PAPP-C, and human placental lactogen levels were all increased, particularly PAPP-A. On the other hand, pregnancy zone protein was not affected by twinning. Pregnancy with diabetes showed normal levels of these proteins.

  9. Spectrophotometric and Refractometric Determination of Total Protein in Avian Plasma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodica Căpriță

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to compare the total protein values obtained in heparin plasma of chickens by a spectrophotometric technique (biuret method, and the values obtained on the same day in the same samples by refractometry. The results obtained by refractometry (average value 2.638±0.153g% were higher than those obtained by the spectrophotometric method (average value 2.441±0.181g%. There was a low correlation (r = 0.6709 between the total protein values, determined with both methods. Protein is the major determinant of plasma refractive index, but glucose contributes too. The refractometric method is not recommended in chickens for the determination of total protein, because avian blood glucose concentration averages about twice than in mammalian blood.

  10. Stereoselective binding of chiral drugs to plasma proteins

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qi SHEN; Lu WANG; Hui ZHOU; Hui-di JIANG; Lu-shan YU; Su ZENG

    2013-01-01

    Chiral drugs show distinct biochemical and pharmacological behaviors in the human body.The binding of chiral drugs to plasma proteins usually exhibits stereoselectivity,which has a far-reaching influence on their pharmacological activities and pharmacokinetic profiles.In this review,the stereoselective binding of chiral drugs to human serum albumin (HSA),α1-acid glycoprotein (AGP)and lipoprotein,three most important proteins in human plasma,are detailed.Furthermore,the application of AGP variants and recombinant fragments of HSA for studying enantiomer binding properties is also discussed.Apart from the stereoselectivity of enantiomer-protein binding,enantiomer-enantiomer interactions that may induce allosteric effects are also described.Additionally,the techniques and methods used to determine drug-protein binding parameters are briefly reviewed.

  11. [Determination of plasma protein binding rate of arctiin and arctigenin with ultrafiltration].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Xue-Ying; Wang, Wei; Tan, Ri-Qiu; Dou, De-Qiang

    2013-02-01

    To determine the plasma protein binding rate of arctiin and arctigenin. The ultrafiltration combined with HPLC was employed to determine the plasma protein binding rate of arctiin and arctigenin as well as rat plasma and healthy human plasma proteins. The plasma protein binding rate of arctiin with rat plasma at the concentrations of 64. 29, 32.14, 16.07 mg x L(-1) were (71.2 +/- 2.0)%, (73.4 +/- 0.61)%, (78.2 +/- 1.9)%, respectively; while the plasma protein binding rate of arctiin with healthy human plasma at the above concentrations were (64.8 +/- 3.1)%, (64.5 +/- 2.5)%, (77.5 +/- 1.7)%, respectively. The plasma protein binding rate of arctigenin with rat plasma at the concentrations of 77.42, 38.71, 19.36 mg x L(-1) were (96.7 +/- 0.41)%, (96.8 +/- 1.6)%, (97.3 +/- 0.46)%, respectively; while the plasma protein binding rate of arctigenin with normal human plasma at the above concentrations were (94.7 +/- 3.1)%, (96.8 +/- 1.6)%, (97.9 +/- 1.3)%, respectively. The binding rate of arctiin with rat plasma protein was moderate, which is slightly higher than the binding rate of arctiin with healthy human plasma protein. The plasma protein binding rates of arctigenin with both rat plasma and healthy human plasma are very high.

  12. Plasma protein carbonyl levels and breast cancer risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossner, Pavel; Terry, Mary Beth; Gammon, Marilie D; Agrawal, Meenakshi; Zhang, Fang Fang; Ferris, Jennifer S; Teitelbaum, Susan L; Eng, Sybil M; Gaudet, Mia M; Neugut, Alfred I; Santella, Regina M

    2007-01-01

    To study the role of oxidative stress in breast cancer risk, we analysed plasma levels of protein carbonyls in 1050 cases and 1107 controls. We found a statistically significant trend in breast cancer risk in relation to increasing quartiles of plasma protein carbonyl levels (OR = 1.2, 95% CI = 0.9-1.5; OR = 1.5, 95% CI = 1.2-2.0; OR = 1.6, 95% CI = 1.2-2.1, for the 2(nd), 3(rd) and 4(th) quartile relative to the lowest quartile, respectively, P for trend = 0.0001). The increase in risk was similar for younger ( or = 15 grams/day for 4(th) quartile versus lowest quartile OR = 2.3, 95% CI = 1.1-4.7), and hormone replacement therapy use (HRT, OR = 2.6, 95% CI = 1.6-4.4 for 4(th) quartile versus lowest quartile). The multiplicative interaction terms were statistically significant only for physical activity and HRT. The positive association between plasma protein carbonyl levels and breast cancer risk was also observed when the analysis was restricted to women who had not received chemotherapy or radiation therapy prior to blood collection. Among controls, oxidized protein levels significantly increased with cigarette smoking and higher fruit and vegetable consumption, and decreased with alcohol consumption >30 grams per day. Women with higher levels of plasma protein carbonyl and urinary 15F(2t)-isoprostane had an 80% increase in breast cancer risk (OR = 1.8, 95% CI = 1.2-2.6) compared to women with levels below the median for both markers of oxidative stress. In summary, our results suggest that increased plasma protein carbonyl levels may be associated with breast cancer risk.

  13. Use of refractometry for determination of psittacine plasma protein concentration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cray, Carolyn; Rodriguez, Marilyn; Arheart, Kristopher L

    2008-12-01

    Previous studies have demonstrated both poor and good correlation of total protein concentrations in various avian species using refractometry and biuret methodologies. The purpose of the current study was to compare these 2 techniques of total protein determination using plasma samples from several psittacine species and to determine the effect of cholesterol and other solutes on refractometry results. Total protein concentration in heparinized plasma samples without visible lipemia was analyzed by refractometry and an automated biuret method on a dry reagent analyzer (Ortho 250). Cholesterol, glucose, and uric acid concentrations were measured using the same analyzer. Results were compared using Deming regression analysis, Bland-Altman bias plots, and Spearman's rank correlation. Correlation coefficients (r) for total protein results by refractometry and biuret methods were 0.49 in African grey parrots (n=28), 0.77 in Amazon parrots (20), 0.57 in cockatiels (20), 0.73 in cockatoos (36), 0.86 in conures (20), and 0.93 in macaws (38) (Prefractometry in Amazon parrots, conures, and macaws (n=25 each, PRefractometry can be used to accurately measure total protein concentration in nonlipemic plasma samples from some psittacine species. Method and species-specific reference intervals should be used in the interpretation of total protein values.

  14. NMR Studies of Some Plasma Proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Mark P.

    Available from UMI in association with The British Library. Requires signed TDF. The work reported in this thesis consists of a study of the solution structure of a domain of protein structure found in some of the enzymes involved in blood coagulation. These domains, known as kringles, are of between 78 and 82 residues and contain three conserved disulphide bridges in their primary sequence. The study attempts to elucidate the nature of the lysine-binding site of the fourth kringle of human plasminogen to probe its physiological action, and a theory is developed to explain the overall fold of the protein in terms of its physiological role. The protein structure is found to contain only one small region of secondary structure, an antiparallel beta-sheet of about 8 residues, which provides the support for the binding site. The binding site itself consists of a hydrophobic channel provided by the aromatic residues at positions 61, 63, 71 and 73 in the beta-sheet and a negatively charged site at one end of this channel provided by the aspartic acid residues at positions 54 and 56. The beta-sheet appears to become more tightly defined on binding the kringle with alpha,omega -amino acids which are analogues of lysine and exhibit known anti-fibrinolytic properties. The rest of the solution structure appears to be less clearly defined and relies mainly on the three disulphide bridges and some rather isolated hydrogen bonding for maintenance of the fold. An explanation for this structure with a rigid binding site and a more flexible region for the remainder of the domain is proposed. Shorter studies are reported on the second kringle of bovine prothrombin and the first of human plasminogen which suggest strongly that the kringle fold is conserved.

  15. Plasma protein characteristics of long-term hemodialysis survivors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yao-Ping Lin

    Full Text Available Hemodialysis (HD patients are under recurrent circulatory stress, and hemodialysis has a high mortality rate. The characteristics of plasma proteomes in patients surviving long-term HD remain obscure, as well as the potential biomarkers in predicting prognoses. This study reports the proteome analyses of patient plasma from non-diabetic long-term HD (LHD, dialysis vintage 14.9±4.1 years, n = 6 and the age/sex/uremic etiology-comparable short-term HD (SHD, dialysis vintage 5.3±2.9 years, n = 6 using 2-DE and mass spectrometry. In addition, a 4-year longitudinal follow-up of 60 non-diabetic HD patients was subsequently conducted to analyze the baseline plasma proteins by ELISA in predicting prognosis. Compared to the SHD, the LHD survivors had increased plasma vitamin D binding proteins (DBP and decreased clusterin, apolipoprotein A-IV, haptoglobin, hemopexin, complement factors B and H, and altered isoforms of α1-antitrypsin and fibrinogen gamma. During the 45.7±15 months for follow-up of the 60 HD patient cases, 16 patients died. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that HD patients with the lowest tertile of the baseline plasma DBP level have a significantly higher mortality rate. Multivariate Cox regression analysis further indicated that DBP is an independent predictor of mortality. In summary, the altered plasma proteins in LHD implicated accelerated atherosclerosis, defective antioxidative activity, increased inflammation/infection, and organ dysfunction. Furthermore, lower baseline plasma DBP in HD patients is related to mortality. The results suggest that the proteomic approach could help discover the potential biomarker in HD prognoses.

  16. Plasma protein oxidation and total antioxidant power in premenstrual syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Eans Tara Tuladhar; Anjali Rao

    2010-01-01

    Objective:To explore whether oxidative stress has any role inpremenstrual syndrome (PMS). Methods: Female volunteers suffering from PMS , in the age group of 20-24 years were compared to their asymptomatic normomennorhoeic counterparts in follicular phase and late luteal phase for ferric reducing antioxidant power of plasma(FRAP), plasma protein thiols(PPT) and protein carbonyls(PPC) levels.Results:There was no significant change in FRAP and PPC levels in controls andPMS groups but PPT decreased significantly in luteal phase ofPMS (P< 0.05) when compared to follicular phase.Conclusions:Estrogen and progesterone, might be responsible for a healthy antioxidant profile inPMS. However, a marked decrease inPPT in luteal phase of PMS group may be due to pro-oxidant nature of estrogen-active in this phase of PMS leading to consumption of the sacrificial antioxidant-protein thiol.

  17. Adsorption of proteins from plasma at polyester non-wovens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klomp, A J; Engbers, G H; Mol, J; Terlingen, J G; Feijen, J

    1999-07-01

    Polyester non-wovens in filters for the removal of leukocytes from platelet concentrates (PCs) must be platelet compatible. In PC filtration, the adsorption of proteins at the plasma-non-woven interface can be of great importance with respect to the yield of platelets. Unmodified and radio frequency glow discharge (RFGD) treated poly(ethylene terephthalate) non-woven (NW-PET) and two commercial surface-modified non-wovens were contacted with human plasma. Protein desorption by sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) was evaluated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The desorbed proteins were characterized by gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting. Compared to the commercial surface-modified non-wovens, unmodified and RFGD-treated NW-PETs adsorbed a relatively high amount of protein. Significantly more protein was removed from the hydrophobic NW-PET by SDS than from the hydrophilic RFGD-treated non-wovens. RFGD treatment of NW-PET reduces the reversibility of protein adsorption. Less albumin and fibrinogen were removed from the RFGD-treated non-wovens than from NW-PET. In addition, a large amount of histidine-rich glycoprotein was removed from RFGD-treated non-wovens, but not from NW-PET. The different behaviour of RFGFD-treated non-wovens towards protein adsorption is probably caused by differences in the chemical reactivity of the non-woven surfaces.

  18. Disproportional changes in hematocrit, plasma volume, and proteins during exercise and bed rest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Beaumont, W.; Greenleaf, J. E.; Juhos, L.

    1972-01-01

    The interrelationships between the changes in plasma volume, hematocrit, and plasma proteins during muscular exercise and bed rest were investigated. Proportionally, the changes in hematocrit are always smaller than the changes in plasma volume. For this reason changes in the concentration of blood constituents can only be quantitated on the basis of plasma volume changes. During short periods of intensive exercise, there was a small loss of plasma proteins. With prolonged submaximal exercise there was a net gain in plasma protein, which contributes to stabilization of the vascular volume. Prolonged bed rest induced hypoproteinemia; this loss of plasma protein probably plays an important role in recumbency hypovolemia.

  19. Radioimmunoassay for pregnancy-associated plasma protein A

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sinosich, M.J. (Royal North Shore Hospital, Sidney, New South Wales, Australia); Teisner, B.; Folkerson, J.; Saunders, D.M.; Grudzinskas, J.G.

    1982-01-01

    A specific and highly sensitive radioimmunoassay for determination of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A in human serum is described. The minimum detection limit for this protein was 2.9 ..mu..g/L. The within- and between-assay coefficients of variation were 4.0 and 4.5%, respectively. The circulating protein was detected within 32 days of conception in eight normal pregnancies and within 21 days in a twin pregnancy. Circulating concentrations in the mother at term were consistently higher (10-fold) than in matched amniotic fluid; none was detected in the umbilical circulation. This protein was also detected in the circulation of patients with hydatidiform mole. This assay will permit investigations into the clinical evaluation of measurements of the protein during early pregnancy and trophoblastic disease.

  20. Haptoglobin-related protein is a high-affinity hemoglobin-binding plasma protein

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Marianne Jensby; Petersen, Steen Vang; Jacobsen, Christian

    2006-01-01

    Haptoglobin-related protein (Hpr) is a primate-specific plasma protein associated with apolipoprotein L-I (apoL-I)-containing high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles shown to be a part of the innate immune defense. Despite the assumption hitherto that Hpr does not bind to hemoglobin, the present...

  1. Plasma membrane microdomains regulate turnover of transport proteins in yeast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossmann, Guido; Malinsky, Jan; Stahlschmidt, Wiebke; Loibl, Martin; Weig-Meckl, Ina; Frommer, Wolf B.; Opekarová, Miroslava; Tanner, Widmar

    2008-01-01

    In this study, we investigate whether the stable segregation of proteins and lipids within the yeast plasma membrane serves a particular biological function. We show that 21 proteins cluster within or associate with the ergosterol-rich membrane compartment of Can1 (MCC). However, proteins of the endocytic machinery are excluded from MCC. In a screen, we identified 28 genes affecting MCC appearance and found that genes involved in lipid biosynthesis and vesicle transport are significantly overrepresented. Deletion of Pil1, a component of eisosomes, or of Nce102, an integral membrane protein of MCC, results in the dissipation of all MCC markers. These deletion mutants also show accelerated endocytosis of MCC-resident permeases Can1 and Fur4. Our data suggest that release from MCC makes these proteins accessible to the endocytic machinery. Addition of arginine to wild-type cells leads to a similar redistribution and increased turnover of Can1. Thus, MCC represents a protective area within the plasma membrane to control turnover of transport proteins. PMID:19064668

  2. Do plasma proteins distinguish between liposomes of varying charge density?

    KAUST Repository

    Capriotti, Anna Laura

    2012-03-01

    Cationic liposomes (CLs) are one of the most employed nonviral nanovector systems in gene therapy. However, their transfection efficiency is strongly affected by interactions with plasma components, that lead to the formation of a "protein corona" onto CL surface. The interactions between nanoparticles entering the body and biomolecules have an essential role for their biodistribution. Because the knowledge of proteins adsorbed onto vector surface could be useful in the screening of new, more efficient and more biocompatible liposomal formulations, the behavior of three CLs with different membrane charge densities was investigated. The proteins of the three coronas were identified by nano-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, and quantified with label-free spectral counting strategy. Fibrinogen displayed higher association with CLs with high membrane charge density, while apolipoproteins and C4b-binding protein with CLs with low membrane charge density. These results are discussed in terms of the different lipid compositions of CLs and may have a deep biological impact for in vivo applications. Surface charge of nanoparticles is emerging as a relevant factor determining the corona composition after interaction with plasma proteins. Remarkably, it is also shown that the charge of the protein corona formed around CLs is strongly related to their membrane charge density. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

  3. Dietary zinc depletion and repletion affects plasma proteins: an analysis of the plasma proteome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grider, Arthur; Wickwire, Kathie; Ho, Emily; Chung, Carolyn S; King, Janet

    2013-02-01

    Zinc (Zn) deficiency is a problem world-wide. Current methods for assessing Zn status are limited to measuring plasma or serum Zn within populations suspected of deficiency. Despite the high prevalence of Zn deficiency in the human population there are no methods currently available for sensitively assessing Zn status among individuals. The purpose of this research was to utilize a proteomic approach using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) and mass spectrometry to identify protein biomarkers that were sensitive to changes in dietary Zn levels in humans. Proteomic analysis was performed in human plasma samples (n = 6) obtained from healthy adult male subjects that completed a dietary Zn depletion/repletion protocol, current dietary zinc intake has a greater effect on fractional zinc absorption than does longer term zinc consumption in healthy adult men. Chung et al. (Am J Clin Nutr 87 (5):1224-1229, 2008). After a 13 day Zn acclimatization period where subjects consumed a Zn-adequate diet, the male subjects consumed a marginal Zn-depleted diet for 42 days followed by consumption of a Zn-repleted diet for 28 days. The samples at baseline, end of depletion and end of repletion were pre-fractionated through immuno-affinity columns to remove 14 highly abundant proteins, and each fraction separated by 2DE. Following staining by colloidal Coomassie blue and densitometric analysis, three proteins were identified by mass spectrometry as affected by changes in dietary Zn. Fibrin β and chain E, fragment double D were observed in the plasma protein fraction that remained bound to the immunoaffinity column. An unnamed protein that was related to immunoglobulins was observed in the immunodepleted plasma fraction. Fibrin β increased two-fold following the Zn depletion period and decreased to baseline values following the Zn repletion period; this protein may serve as a viable biomarker for Zn status in the future.

  4. Increased capillary permeability for plasma proteins in oral contraceptive users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tollan, A; Kvenild, K; Strand, H; Oian, P; Maltau, J M

    1992-05-01

    The transcapillary fluid balance was examined in eleven women before administration of a monophasic oral contraceptive (desogestrel 0.15 mg, ethinylestradiol 0.03 mg), and after three and six months of use. The interstitial colloid osmotic pressure was measured by the "wick" method, and the interstitial hydrostatic pressure by the "wick-in-needle" method in subcutaneous tissue on thorax and leg. During the six-month observation period, the following changes were observed: Plasma colloid osmotic pressure decreased (mean 1.8 mmHg, p = 0.047), as well as serum albumin (mean 5.1 g/l, p = 0.0006), total protein concentration (mean 2.8 g/l, p = 0.0006), hemoglobin (mean 0.5 g/dl, p = 0.014) and hematocrit (mean 1.8%, p = 0.047). Blood pressure and body weight remained unchanged, but foot volume showed a significant increase. The colloid osmotic pressure gradient (plasma-interstitium) was significantly reduced. The results indicate an increase in plasma volume in addition to an increased capillary permeability to plasma proteins during oral contraceptive use. We suggest that the observed changes in transcapillary fluid balance is caused by the estrogen component of the oral contraceptive pill.

  5. A Protein Extract from Chicken Reduces Plasma Homocysteine in Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vegard Lysne

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to evaluate effects of a water-soluble protein fraction of chicken (CP, with a low methionine/glycine ratio, on plasma homocysteine and metabolites related to homocysteine metabolism. Male Wistar rats were fed either a control diet with 20% w/w casein as the protein source, or an experimental diet where 6, 14 or 20% w/w of the casein was replaced with the same amount of CP for four weeks. Rats fed CP had reduced plasma total homocysteine level and markedly increased levels of the choline pathway metabolites betaine, dimethylglycine, sarcosine, glycine and serine, as well as the transsulfuration pathway metabolites cystathionine and cysteine. Hepatic mRNA level of enzymes involved in homocysteine remethylation, methionine synthase and betaine-homocysteine S-methyltransferase, were unchanged, whereas cystathionine gamma-lyase of the transsulfuration pathway was increased in the CP treated rats. Plasma concentrations of vitamin B2, folate, cobalamin, and the B-6 catabolite pyridoxic acid were increased in the 20% CP-treated rats. In conclusion, the CP diet was associated with lower plasma homocysteine concentration and higher levels of serine, choline oxidation and transsulfuration metabolites compared to a casein diet. The status of related B-vitamins was also affected by CP.

  6. Expression of Recombinant Pregnancy-associated Plasma Protein-A

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG; Bin-yan; LI; Zi-ying; ZHANG; Xue-feng; LIU; Yi-bing

    2013-01-01

    Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A(PAPP-A)is producted by the syntrophoblast tissue of the placenta and decidual cells.It belongs to macromolecular glycoprotein.PAPP-A is a sensitive serum marker of Down’s syndrome and has clinical valuable in the early identification of acute coronary syndrome(ACS).According to the structure of PAPP-A,PAPP-A DNA is divided into five segments(S1-S5)for

  7. Spectrophotometric and Refractometric Determination of Total Protein in Avian Plasma

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the total protein values obtained in heparin plasma of chickens by a spectrophotometric technique (biuret method), and the values obtained on the same day in the same samples by refractometry. The results obtained by refractometry (average value 2.638±0.153g%) were higher than those obtained by the spectrophotometric method (average value 2.441±0.181g%). There was a low correlation (r = 0.6709) between the total protein values, determined with both methods...

  8. Effects of experimentally increased protein supply to postpartum dairy cows on plasma protein synthesis, rumen tissue proliferation, and immune homeostasis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Mogens; Røntved, Christine Maria; Theil, Peter Kappel

    2017-01-01

    enrichment in arterial plasma free Phe, total plasma proteins, and albumin after 3, 5, and 7 h of jugular ring[13C]Phe infusion. Plasma volume was determined at +4 and +29 DRTC by dilution of a [125I]BSA dose. Synthesis rate of tissue protein in biopsied rumen papillae was determined by measuring [13C...

  9. Cancer associated proteins in blood plasma: Determining normal variation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stenemo, Markus; Teleman, Johan; Sjöström, Martin; Grubb, Gabriel; Malmström, Erik; Malmström, Johan; Niméus, Emma

    2016-07-01

    Protein biomarkers have the potential to improve diagnosis, stratification of patients into treatment cohorts, follow disease progression and treatment response. One distinct group of potential biomarkers comprises proteins which have been linked to cancer, known as cancer associated proteins (CAPs). We determined the normal variation of 86 CAPs in 72 individual plasma samples collected from ten individuals using SRM mass spectrometry. Samples were collected weekly during 5 weeks from ten volunteers and over one day at nine fixed time points from three volunteers. We determined the degree of the normal variation depending on interpersonal variation, variation due to time of day, and variation over weeks and observed that the variation dependent on the time of day appeared to be the most important. Subdivision of the proteins resulted in two predominant protein groups containing 21 proteins with relatively high variation in all three factors (day, week and individual), and 22 proteins with relatively low variation in all factors. We present a strategy for prioritizing biomarker candidates for future studies based on stratification over their normal variation and have made all data publicly available. Our findings can be used to improve selection of biomarker candidates in future studies and to determine which proteins are most suitable depending on study design.

  10. Prevalence of protein calorie malnutrition in general surgical patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Y S; Nambiar, R; Yo, S L

    1992-05-01

    The prevalence of protein calorie malnutrition (PCM) based on ten nutritional parameters was studied in 307 patients undergoing major elective surgical operations. These parameters included anthropometric measurements (weight/height, triceps skin fold thickness, arm muscle circumference) and biochemical (serum total proteins, albumin, transferrin, prealbumin, retinol binding protein) and immunological tests (total lymphocyte count and delayed hypersensitivity test). Using these criteria, the prevalence of PCM was high. Eighty-six percent of patients had at least one abnormal parameter. The prevalence of PCM as judged by weight/height and arm muscle circumference was 49% and 62% respectively. The incidence was higher in cancer than non cancer patients (63% vs 43%). Although serum albumin and total protein levels were normal in 93.5% of patients, acute serum protein markers such as transferrin, prealbumin and retinol binding protein were low in 20-30%. Lymphopenia of 1500 cells/cu mm or less was found in 18% and abnormal delayed hypersensitivity test in 60%. We found that only weight/height, serum protein, transferrin and lymphopenia had predictive values in postoperative morbidity and mortality. By identifying PCM patients early, adequate nutritional support can be given in order to reduce the risk of major surgical complications.

  11. QSAR Models for the Prediction of Plasma Protein Binding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeshan Amin

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The prediction of plasma protein binding (ppb is of paramount importance in the pharmacokinetics characterization of drugs, as it causes significant changes in volume of distribution, clearance and drug half life. This study utilized Quantitative Structure – Activity Relationships (QSAR for the prediction of plasma protein binding. Methods: Protein binding values for 794 compounds were collated from literature. The data was partitioned into a training set of 662 compounds and an external validation set of 132 compounds. Physicochemical and molecular descriptors were calculated for each compound using ACD labs/logD, MOE (Chemical Computing Group and Symyx QSAR software packages. Several data mining tools were employed for the construction of models. These included stepwise regression analysis, Classification and Regression Trees (CART, Boosted trees and Random Forest. Results: Several predictive models were identified; however, one model in particular produced significantly superior prediction accuracy for the external validation set as measured using mean absolute error and correlation coefficient. The selected model was a boosted regression tree model which had the mean absolute error for training set of 13.25 and for validation set of 14.96. Conclusion: Plasma protein binding can be modeled using simple regression trees or multiple linear regressions with reasonable model accuracies. These interpretable models were able to identify the governing molecular factors for a high ppb that included hydrophobicity, van der Waals surface area parameters, and aromaticity. On the other hand, the more complicated ensemble method of boosted regression trees produced the most accurate ppb estimations for the external validation set.

  12. Interactions between plasma proteins and naturally occurring polyphenols.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Min; Hagerman, Ann E

    2013-05-01

    The plant natural products known as polyphenols are found at micronutrient levels in fruits, vegetables, and plant-based beverages such as wine, tea, coffee and cocoa. Consumption of a fruit- and vegetable-rich diet, the "Mediterranean diet", has been epidemiologically related to health benefits especially for chronic diseases including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and Alzheimer's disease. The abundance of polyphenols in plant-rich diets, and the potent bioactivities of polyphenols, provide indirect evidence for a role for polyphenols in maintaining good health. However, molecular mechanisms for therapeutic or preventative activity have not been demonstrated in vivo. We summarize the chemical classes of natural polyphenols, their bioactivities and bioavailability and metabolism. Because many polyphenols bind protein, we focus on the potential of protein binding to mediate the health-related effects of polyphenols. We discuss interactions with plasma proteins as the first target organ past the digestive tract for these orally-ingested compounds.

  13. Changes in total plasma content of electrolytes and proteins with maximal exercise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Beaumont, W.; Strand, J. C.; Petrofsky, J. S.; Hipskind, S. G.; Greenleaf, J. E.

    1973-01-01

    To determine to what extent the increases in concentration of plasma proteins and electrolytes with short maximal work were a result of hemoconcentration, the changes in plasma volume and total content of the plasma constituents were simultaneously evaluated. The results obtained from six human subjects indicated that in comparison to preexercise values there was a net decrease in total content of plasma protein, sodium, and chloride in the first 2 min of the postexercise period, due primarily to a significant loss (13-15%) of plasma fluid. The total plasma potassium content was increased immediately after exercise but was significantly below the preexercise plasma content after 2 min of recovery.

  14. Serum Copper and Plasma Protein Status in Normal Pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nushrat Noor, Nasim Jahan, Nayma Sultana

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstractBackground: Gradual alteration of serum copper and some plasma protein levels may occur with advancement of pregnancy, which is associated with increased maternal and infant morbidity and mortality.Objective: To observe serum copper and plasma protein levels in normal pregnant women of different trimesters in order to find out their nutritional status.Methods: This cross sectional study was carried out in the Department of Physiology, Sir Salimullah Medical College (SSMC, Dhaka, between 1st January 2010 and December 2010. Ninety normal pregnant women of different trimesters with age 20-30 years were included in the study group. They were selected from Out Patient Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, SSMC. Age matched 30 non-pregnant women were taken as control. Serum copper level was measured by Spectrophotometric method, serum total protein and albumin levels were estimated by standard method. Statistical analysis was done by one way ANOVA, Bonferroni and Pearson’s correlation coefficient test as applicable.Results: Serum Cu levels were significantly higher in all trimesters of pregnant women compared to control. Again, this value was significantly higher in 3rd trimester than that of in 1st and 2nd trimester and also in 2nd trimester than that of in 1st trimester. In addition, mean serum total protein level was significantly lower in 3rd trimester than control but no statistically significant difference was observed among different trimesters. Again, mean serum albumin level was significantly lower in 2nd and 3rd trimester than 1st trimester and control. In addition, serum Cu concentration showed significant positive correlation with different trimesters of gestation.Conclusion: This study reveals that hypercupremia along with hypoproteinemia occur in pregnant women from 1st to 3rd trimester of gestation. This gradual alteration of micro and macronutrients become more profound with advancement of pregnancy.

  15. Differentiation-dependent expression of retinoid-binding proteins in BFC-1 beta adipocytes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zovich, D C; Orologa, A; Okuno, M; Kong, L W; Talmage, D A; Piantedosi, R; Goodman, D S; Blaner, W S

    1992-07-15

    Recently, we demonstrated that adipose tissue plays an important role in retinol storage and retinol-binding protein (RBP) synthesis. Our data suggested that RBP expression in adipose tissue is dependent on the state of adipocyte differentiation. To examine this possibility, we explored the differentiation-dependent expression of RBP using BFC-1 beta preadipocytes, which can be stimulated to undergo adipose differentiation. Total RNA was isolated from undifferentiated (preadipocytes) and differentiated (adipocytes) BFC-1 beta cells and analyzed by Northern blotting. RBP mRNA was not detected in the preadipocytes, but considerable RBP mRNA was present in differentiated BFC-1 beta cells. In BFC-1 beta cells, induced to differentiate with insulin and thyroid hormone, RBP mRNA was first detected after 4 days, reached a maximum level by day 10, and remained at this maximum level for at least 2 more days. Cellular retinol-binding protein was expressed at low levels in the BFC-1 beta preadipocytes and the level of expression increased for 6 days after induction to differentiate and slowly declined on later days. Neither the maximum level of RBP expression nor the day on which this level was reached was influenced by the level of retinol provided in the BFC-1 beta culture medium. BFC-1 beta cells secreted newly synthesized RBP into the culture medium at a rate of 43 +/- 14 ng RBP/24 h/10(6) adipocytes. When the BFC-1 beta adipocytes were provided 1.0 microM retinol in the medium, they accumulated the retinol and synthesized retinyl esters. These studies with BFC-1 beta cells confirm that RBP synthesis and secretion and retinol accumulation are intrinsic properties of differentiated adipocytes. Furthermore, they suggest that RBP and cellular retinol-binding protein gene expression are regulated as part of a package of genes which are modulated during adipocyte differentiation.

  16. Shuttling of G protein subunits between the plasma membrane and intracellular membranes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chisari, Mariangela; Saini, Deepak Kumar; Kalyanaraman, Vani; Gautam, Narasimhan

    2007-08-17

    Heterotrimeric G proteins (alphabetagamma) mediate the majority of signaling pathways in mammalian cells. It is long held that G protein function is localized to the plasma membrane. Here we examined the spatiotemporal dynamics of G protein localization using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching, fluorescence loss in photobleaching, and a photoswitchable fluorescent protein, Dronpa. Unexpectedly, G protein subunits shuttle rapidly (t1/2 bromopalmitate. Thus, contrary to present thought, G proteins do not reside permanently on the plasma membrane but are constantly testing the cytoplasmic surfaces of the plasma membrane and endomembranes to maintain G protein pools in intracellular membranes to establish direct communication between receptors and endomembranes.

  17. Effect of Addition of Concentrated Proteins and Seminal Plasma Low Molecular Weight Proteins in Freezing and Thawing of Equine Semen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Fagundes

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Difficulties in obtaining equine frozen semen with potential fertility are recognized. This study was designed to investigate the effect of seminal plasma on frozen/thawing of eight stallion semen from different breed using the following treatments: Seminal plasma with ten-fold concentrated proteins with molecular weight above 10 kDa on frozen extender; Part of seminal plasma with proteins under 10 kDa on frozen extender; Conventional freezing, using whole seminal plasma on frozen extender. Using the parameter of 30% of seminal motility post-thawing as index of good freezability, it was verified an increased percentage of stallions that presented good freezability when semen was frozen with seminal plasma containing ten-fold concentrated proteins with molecular weight above 10 kDa on frozen extender. These results, suggested the use of seminal plasma concentrated proteins from own stallion to freezing/thawing semen.

  18. Short-Term Preoperative Calorie and Protein Restriction Is Feasible in Healthy Kidney Donors and Morbidly Obese Patients Scheduled for Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jongbloed, Franny; de Bruin, Ron W. F.; Klaassen, René A.; Beekhof, Piet; van Steeg, Harry; Dor, Frank J. M. F.; van der Harst, Erwin; Dollé, Martijn E. T.; IJzermans, Jan N. M.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction. Surgery-induced oxidative stress increases the risk of perioperative complications and delay in postoperative recovery. In mice, short-term preoperative dietary and protein restriction protect against oxidative stress. We investigated the feasibility of a calorie- and protein-restricted diet in two patient populations. Methods. In this pilot study, 30 live kidney donors and 38 morbidly obese patients awaiting surgery were randomized into three groups: a restricted diet group, who received a synthetic liquid diet with 30% fewer calories and 80% less protein for five consecutive days; a group who received a synthetic diet containing the daily energy requirements (DER); and a control group. Feasibility was assessed using self-reported discomfort, body weight changes, and metabolic parameters in blood samples. Results. Twenty patients (71%) complied with the restricted and 13 (65%) with the DER-diet. In total, 68% of the patients reported minor discomfort that resolved after normal eating resumed. The mean weight loss on the restricted diet was significantly greater (2.4 kg) than in the control group (0 kg, p = 0.002), but not in the DER-diet (1.5 kg). The restricted diet significantly reduced levels of serum urea and plasma prealbumin (PAB) and retinol binding protein (RBP). Conclusions. A short-term preoperative calorie- and protein-restricted diet is feasible in kidney donors and morbidly obese patients. Compliance is high and can be objectively measured via changes in urea, PAB, and RBP levels. These results demonstrate that this diet can be used to study the effects of dietary restriction on surgery-induced oxidative stress in a clinical setting. PMID:27213441

  19. Short-Term Preoperative Calorie and Protein Restriction Is Feasible in Healthy Kidney Donors and Morbidly Obese Patients Scheduled for Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franny Jongbloed

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Surgery-induced oxidative stress increases the risk of perioperative complications and delay in postoperative recovery. In mice, short-term preoperative dietary and protein restriction protect against oxidative stress. We investigated the feasibility of a calorie- and protein-restricted diet in two patient populations. Methods. In this pilot study, 30 live kidney donors and 38 morbidly obese patients awaiting surgery were randomized into three groups: a restricted diet group, who received a synthetic liquid diet with 30% fewer calories and 80% less protein for five consecutive days; a group who received a synthetic diet containing the daily energy requirements (DER; and a control group. Feasibility was assessed using self-reported discomfort, body weight changes, and metabolic parameters in blood samples. Results. Twenty patients (71% complied with the restricted and 13 (65% with the DER-diet. In total, 68% of the patients reported minor discomfort that resolved after normal eating resumed. The mean weight loss on the restricted diet was significantly greater (2.4 kg than in the control group (0 kg, p = 0.002, but not in the DER-diet (1.5 kg. The restricted diet significantly reduced levels of serum urea and plasma prealbumin (PAB and retinol binding protein (RBP. Conclusions. A short-term preoperative calorie- and protein-restricted diet is feasible in kidney donors and morbidly obese patients. Compliance is high and can be objectively measured via changes in urea, PAB, and RBP levels. These results demonstrate that this diet can be used to study the effects of dietary restriction on surgery-induced oxidative stress in a clinical setting.

  20. Ionic protein-lipid interaction at the plasma membrane: what can the charge do?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Lunyi; Shi, Xiaoshan; Guo, Xingdong; Li, Hua; Xu, Chenqi

    2014-03-01

    Phospholipids are the major components of cell membranes, but they have functional roles beyond forming lipid bilayers. In particular, acidic phospholipids form microdomains in the plasma membrane and can ionically interact with proteins via polybasic sequences, which can have functional consequences for the protein. The list of proteins regulated by ionic protein-lipid interaction has been quickly expanding, and now includes membrane proteins, cytoplasmic soluble proteins, and viral proteins. Here we review how acidic phospholipids in the plasma membrane regulate protein structure and function via ionic interactions, and how Ca(2+) regulates ionic protein-lipid interactions via direct and indirect mechanisms.

  1. Identification of calcium-binding proteins associated with the human sperm plasma membrane

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Naaby-Hansen, Soren; Diekman, Alan; Shetty, Jagathpala; Flickinger, Charles J; Westbrook, Anne; Herr, John C

    2010-01-01

    The precise composition of the human sperm plasma membrane, the molecular interactions that define domain specific functions, and the regulation of membrane associated proteins during the capacitation...

  2. Aberrant Glycosylation of Plasma Proteins in Severe Preeclampsia Promotes Monocyte Adhesion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazanjian, Avedis A.; Tinnemore, Deborah; Gafken, Philip R.; Ogata, Yuko; Napolitano, Peter G.; Stallings, Jonathan D.; Ippolito, Danielle L.

    2014-01-01

    Glycosylation of plasma proteins increases during pregnancy. Our objectives were to investigate an anti-inflammatory role of these proteins in normal pregnancies and determine whether aberrant protein glycosylation promotes monocyte adhesion in preeclampsia. Plasma was prospectively collected from nonpregnant controls and nulliparous patients in all 3 trimesters. Patients were divided into cohorts based on the applicable postpartum diagnosis. U937 monocytes were preconditioned with enzymatically deglycosylated plasma, and monocyte adhesion to endothelial cell monolayers was quantified by spectrophotometry. Plasma from nonpregnant controls, first trimester normotensives, and first trimester patients with mild preeclampsia inhibited monocyte–endothelial cell adhesion (P < .05), but plasma from first trimester patients with severe preeclampsia and second and third trimester normotensives did not. Deglycosylating plasma proteins significantly increased adhesion in all the cohorts. These results support a role of plasma glycoprotein interaction in monocyte–endothelial cell adhesion and could suggest a novel therapeutic target for severe preeclampsia. PMID:23757314

  3. Quantitative analysis of plasma proteins in whole blood-derived fresh frozen plasma prepared with three pathogen reduction technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larrea, Luis; Ortiz-de-Salazar, María-Isabel; Martínez, Patricia; Roig, Roberto

    2015-06-01

    Several plasma pathogen reduction technologies (PRT) are currently available. We evaluated three plasma PRT processes: Cerus Amotosalen (AM), Terumo BCT riboflavin (RB) and Macopharma methylene blue (MB). RB treatment resulted in the shortest overall processing time and in the smallest volume loss (1%) and MB treatment in the largest volume loss (8%). MB treatment retained the highest concentrations of factors II, VII, X, IX, Protein C, and Antithrombin and the AM products of factor V and XI. Each PRT process evaluated offered distinct advantages such as procedural simplicity and volume retention (RB) and overall plasma protein retention (MB).

  4. Binding patterns of seminal plasma plasma proteins on bovine epididymal and ejaculated sperm membrane

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.E.A. Souza

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The present study was designed to investigate the topographical distribution of seminal plasma (SP proteins on epididymal and ejaculated bovine sperm. Using immunocytochemistry and confocal microscopy the binding patterns of bovine SP proteins BSP-A3, albumin, transferrin, prostaglandin D-synthase (PGDS and nucleobindin in ejaculated and cauda epididymal sperm from adult bulls were evaluated. Experiments were performed using sperm from 5 males. Data showed a positive signal, only detected for anti-PGDS, in the acrosomal cap of epididymal and ejaculated sperm. In ejaculated sperm, a very weak signal for nucleobindin 2 in the midpiece and equatorial regions was detected, using the anti-rat nucleobindin. BSP-A3 was detected on all sperm regions studied, with a more evidenced signal in acrosome and midpiece. However, no binding was detected for albumin or transferrin in neither epididymal nor ejaculated sperm. In conclusion, PGDS, BSP-A3 and nucleobindin interact directly with bovine sperm, with specific topographic distribution. These findings may add to the knowledge of how these proteins modulate sperm functions, thus providing fundamental support for studies designed to evaluate how they influence sperm functions.

  5. Characterization of auxin-binding proteins from zucchini plasma membrane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hicks, G. R.; Rice, M. S.; Lomax, T. L.

    1993-01-01

    We have previously identified two auxin-binding polypeptides in plasma membrane (PM) preparations from zucchini (Cucurbita pepo L.) (Hicks et al. 1989, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86, 4948-4952). These polypeptides have molecular weights of 40 kDa and 42 kDa and label specifically with the photoaffinity auxin analog 5-N3-7-3H-IAA (azido-IAA). Azido-IAA permits both the covalent and radioactive tagging of auxin-binding proteins and has allowed us to characterize further the 40-kDa and 42-kDa polypeptides, including the nature of their attachment to the PM, their relationship to each other, and their potential function. The azido-IAA-labeled polypeptides remain in the pelleted membrane fraction following high-salt and detergent washes, which indicates a tight and possibly integral association with the PM. Two-dimensional electrophoresis of partially purified azido-IAA-labeled protein demonstrates that, in addition to the major isoforms of the 40-kDa and 42-kDa polypeptides, which possess isoelectric points (pIs) of 8.2 and 7.2, respectively, several less abundant isoforms that display unique pIs are apparent at both molecular masses. Tryptic and chymotryptic digestion of the auxin-binding proteins indicates that the 40-kDa and 42-kDa polypeptides are closely related or are modifications of the same polypeptide. Phase extraction with the nonionic detergent Triton X-114 results in partitioning of the azido-IAA-labeled polypeptides into the aqueous (hydrophilic) phase. This apparently paradoxical behavior is also exhibited by certain integral membrane proteins that aggregate to form channels. The results of gel filtration indicate that the auxin-binding proteins do indeed aggregate strongly and that the polypeptides associate to form a dimer or multimeric complex in vivo. These characteristics are consistent with the hypothesis that the 40-kDa and 42-kDa polypeptides are subunits of a multimeric integral membrane protein which has an auxin-binding site, and which may

  6. Identification of frog photoreceptor plasma and disk membrane proteins by radioiodination

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Witt, P.L.; Bownds, M.D.

    1987-03-24

    Several functions have been identified for the plasma membrane of the rod outer segment, including control of light-dependent changes in sodium conductance and a sodium-calcium exchange mechanism. However, little is known about its constituent proteins. Intact rod outer segments substantially free of contaminants were prepared in the dark and purified on a density gradient of Percoll. Surface proteins were then labeled by lactoperoxidase-catalyzed radioiodination, and intact rod outer segments were reisolated. Membrane proteins were identified by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and autoradiography. The surface proteins labeled included rhodopsin, the major membrane protein, and 12 other proteins. To compare the protein composition of plasma membrane with that of the internal disk membrane, purified rod outer segments were lysed by hypotonic disruption or freeze-thawing, and plasma plus disk membranes were radioiodinated. In these membrane preparations, rhodopsin was the major iodinated constituent, with 12 other proteins also labeled. Autoradiographic evidence indicated some differences in protein composition between disk and plasma membranes. A quantitative comparison of the two samples showed that labeling of two proteins, 24 kilodaltons (kDa) and 13 kDa, was enriched in the plasma membrane, while labeling of a 220-kDa protein was enriched in the disk membrane. These plasma membrane proteins may be associated with important functions such as the light-sensitive conductance and the sodium-calcium exchanger.

  7. Inhibition of platelet (/sup 3/H)- imipramine binding by human plasma protein fractions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strijewski, A.; Chudzik, J.; Tang, S.W.

    1988-01-01

    Inhibition of high-affinity (/sup 3/H)-imipramine binding to platelet membranes by human plasma fractions and isolated plasma proteins was investigated. Several plasma proteins were found to contribute to the observed apparent inhibition and this contribution was assessed in terms of inhibitor units. Alpha/sub 1/ acid glycoprotein, high density and low density lipoprotein, IgG and ..cap alpha../sub 1/-antitrypsin were identified as effective non-specific inhibitors. Alpha-1-acid glycoprotein was confirmed to be the most potent plasma protein inhibitor. Cohn fractions were evaluated for the presence of the postulated endocoid of (/sup 3/H)-imipramine binding site.

  8. Blood plasma proteins and protein fractions in roe deer Capreolus capreolus L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorota CYGAN-SZCZEGIELNIAK

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research was to investigate some selected biochemical blood parameters in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus L.. The experiment covered 15 from 2 to 3-year-old bucks from Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship. The animals were shot by individual hunters on the shooting grounds during the hunting season of 2008/2009 (in the accordance with the Journal of Laws No 48. The material for the research was blood plasma obtained after centrifuging full, nonhemolyzed blood. The blood was collected from the zygomatic vein directly to the test tubes with EDTA and transported in cooling conditions to the laboratory. After transporting the samples of blood to a certified analytical laboratory, the following elements of the obtained blood plasma were examined: ceruloplasmin . using turbidimetric method; transferrin . using immunoturbimetric method; troponin- using a third generation assay on an Elecsys; total protein, albumin, globulin . using spectrophotometric method and total iron . using colorimetric method. The results were statistically analyzed, i.e. the correlation between the parameters was measured by means of Pearsonfs correlation coefficient. The analysis of the results revealed a number of statistically significant relations between the parameters under the investigation, especially among the compounds directly responsible for metabolism of iron and copper. A statistically important positive correlation was observed between ceruloplasmin and ferritin (r = 0.563; P.0.05 and a negative one between transferrin and troponin (r = -0.609; P.0.05. Moreover, the content of transferrin . an iron-binding protein . was 0.17 g/l, while the concentration of iron was 58 ƒĘmol/l. The content of ceruloplasmin . a protein responsible for metabolism of copper . was very low (0.036 g/l. The level of proteins in the blood plasma of the animals under the research was approximately 72 g/l, with the share of albumins about 46%. The albumin-globulin ratio was 0.86.

  9. Plasma levels of soluble endothelial cell protein C receptor in patients with Wegener's granulomatosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boomsma, MM; Stearns-Kurosawa, DJ; Stegeman, CA; Raschi, E; Meroni, PL; Kurosawa, S; Tervaert, JWC

    Elevated soluble thrombomodulin (sTM) levels are an accepted marker of endothelial damage. The physiological significance of plasma endothelial protein C receptor (sEPCR) levels is not known. To assess the relevance of this plasma protein in Wegener's granulomatosis (WG), sEPCR levels were measured

  10. Interaction between La(III) and proteins on the plasma membrane of horseradish

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Guang-Mei; Chu, Yun-Xia; Lv, Xiao-Fen; Zhou, Qing; Huang, Xiao-Hua

    2012-06-01

    Lanthanum (La) is an important rare earth element in the ecological environment of plant. The proteins on the plasma membrane control the transport of molecules into and out of cell. It is very important to investigate the effect of La(III) on the proteins on the plasma membrane in the plant cell. In the present work, the interaction between La(III) and proteins on the plasma membrane of horseradish was investigated using optimization of the fluorescence microscopy and fluorescence spectroscopy. It is found that the fluorescence of the complex system of protoplasts and 1-aniline Kenai-8-sulfonic acid in horseradish treated with the low concentration of La(III) is increased compared with that of the control horseradish. The opposite effect is observed in horseradish treated with the high concentration of La(III). These results indicated that the low concentration of La(III) can interact with the proteins on the plasma membrane of horseradish, causing the improvement in the structure of proteins on the plasma membrane. The high concentration of La(III) can also interact with the proteins on the plasma membrane of horseradish, leading to the destruction of the structure of proteins on the plasma membrane. We demonstrate that the proteins on the plasma membrane are the targets of La(III) action on plant cell.

  11. Estimation of protein content in the plasma of young chickens by a refractometric method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, G W; Thaxton, P; Edens, F W

    1975-07-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate a refractometric method for determination of protein content of chicken plasma. Comparison of the results obtained with the refractometric and the Lowry methods indicated that refractometry, when used with due caution in a typical laboratory situation, provided a simple, fast, inexpensive and valid method for determining the protein content of plasma from young chickens.

  12. Validation of a prefractionation method followed by two-dimensional electrophoresis – Applied to cerebrospinal fluid proteins from frontotemporal dementia patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sjögren Magnus

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this study was firstly, to improve and validate a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF prefractionation method followed by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE and secondly, using this strategy to investigate differences between the CSF proteome of frontotemporal dementia (FTD patients and controls. From each subject three ml of CSF was prefractionated using liquid phase isoelectric focusing prior to 2-DE. Results With respect to protein recovery and purification potential, ethanol precipitation of the prefractionated CSF sample was found superior, after testing several sample preparation methods. The reproducibility of prefractionated CSF analyzed on 2-D gels was comparable to direct 2-DE analysis of CSF. The protein spots on the prefractionated 2-D gels had an increased intensity, indicating a higher protein concentration, compared to direct 2-D gels. Prefractionated 2-DE analysis of FTD and control CSF showed that 26 protein spots were changed at least two fold. Using mass spectrometry, 13 of these protein spots were identified, including retinol-binding protein, Zn-α-2-glycoprotein, proapolipoproteinA1, β-2-microglobulin, transthyretin, albumin and alloalbumin. Conclusion The results suggest that the prefractionated 2-DE method can be useful for enrichment of CSF proteins and may provide a new tool to investigate the pathology of neurodegenerative diseases. This study confirmed reduced levels of retinol-binding protein and revealed some new biomarker candidates for FTD.

  13. Multiplexed LC-MS/MS analysis of horse plasma proteins to study doping in sport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Chris; Beck, Paul; Kay, Richard; Teale, Phil; Roberts, Jane

    2009-06-01

    The development of protein biomarkers for the indirect detection of doping in horse is a potential solution to doping threats such as gene and protein doping. A method for biomarker candidate discovery in horse plasma is presented using targeted analysis of proteotypic peptides from horse proteins. These peptides were first identified in a novel list of the abundant proteins in horse plasma. To monitor these peptides, an LC-MS/MS method using multiple reaction monitoring was developed to study the quantity of 49 proteins in horse plasma in a single run. The method was optimised and validated, and then applied to a population of race-horses to study protein variance within a population. The method was finally applied to longitudinal time courses of horse plasma collected after administration of an anabolic steroid to demonstrate utility for hypothesis-driven discovery of doping biomarker candidates.

  14. Separation of proteins from human plasma by sample displacement chromatography in hydrophobic interaction mode

    OpenAIRE

    Josic, Djuro; Breen, Lucas; Clifton, James; Gajdosik, Martina Srajer; Gaso-Sokac, Dajana; Rucevic, Marijana; Müller, Egbert

    2012-01-01

    Sample displacement chromatography (SDC) in reversed-phase and ion-exchange modes was introduced approximately twenty years ago. This method was first used for the preparative purification of peptides and proteins. Recently, SDC in ion-exchange mode was also successfully used for enrichment of low abundance proteins from human plasma. In this paper, the use of SDC for the separation of plasma proteins in hydrophobic interaction mode is demonstrated. By use of two or more columns coupled in se...

  15. Biofield-effect protein-sensor: Plasma functionalization of polyaniline, protein immobilization, and sensing mechanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Chae-Ryong; Lee, Hyun-Uk; Ahn, Kyun; Jeong, Se-Young; Choi, Jun-Hee; Kim, Jinwoo; Cho, Jiung

    2014-06-01

    We report the fabrication of a biofield-effect protein-sensor (BioFEP) based on atmospheric-pressure plasma (AP) treatment of a conducting polyaniline (PANI) film. Successive H2 and O2 AP (OHAP) treatment generated dominant hydrophilic -OH and O=CO- functional groups on the PANI film surface, which served as strong binding sites to immobilize bovine serum albumin (BSA) protein molecules. The output current changes of the BioFEP as a function of BSA concentration were obtained. The resistance of the OHAP surface could be sensitively increased from 2.5 × 108 Ω to 2.0 × 1012 Ω with increasing BSA concentrations in the range of 0.025-4 μg/ml. The results suggest that the method is a simple and cost-effective tool to determine the concentration of BSA by measuring electrical resistance.

  16. Effect of anticoagulants and glucose on refractometric estimation of protein in canine and rabbit plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubin, S; Hunt, P

    1978-10-01

    The effect of ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA) compounds on the refractometric estimation of plasma protein concentration was attributed largely to osmotic fluid shifts, as reflected in changes in hematocrit, and to addition of total solids to the plasma. With H4EDTA, these two mechanisms were additive and caused increased plasma protein readings of significant magnitude even at recommended (1--2 mg/ml) anticoagulant concentrations. For the potassium and sodium salts, the two mechanisms were partly compensatory, which ameliorated the effect at 1--2 mg/ml concentration. At higher concentrations, such as might occur if a blood collecting tube were incompletely filled, all of the EDTA compounds caused technically significant over-estimation of plasma protein. When dextrose (d-glucose) was added in-vitro to canine blood, in amounts analogous to clinical hyperglycemia, the effect upon plasma protein estimation was minimal.

  17. A high confidence, manually validated human blood plasma protein reference set

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schenk, Susann; Schoenhals, Gary J; de Souza, Gustavo

    2008-01-01

    sources, including the HUPO PPP dataset. CONCLUSION: Superior instrumentation combined with rigorous validation criteria gave rise to a set of 697 plasma proteins in which we have very high confidence, demonstrated by an exceptionally low false peptide identification rate of 0.29%.......BACKGROUND: The immense diagnostic potential of human plasma has prompted great interest and effort in cataloging its contents, exemplified by the Human Proteome Organization (HUPO) Plasma Proteome Project (PPP) pilot project. Due to challenges in obtaining a reliable blood plasma protein list...

  18. Soluble Proteins Form Film by the Treatment of Low Temperature Plasma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikehara, Sanae; Sakakita, Hajime; Ishikawa, Kenji; Akimoto, Yoshihiro; Nakanishi, Hayao; Shimizu, Nobuyuki; Hori, Masaru; Ikehara, Yuzuru

    2015-09-01

    It has been pointed out that low temperature plasma in atmosphere was feasible to use for hemostasis without heat injury. Indeed, earlier studies demonstrated that low temperature plasma played an important role to stimulate platelets to aggregate and turned on the proteolytic activities of coagulation factors, resulting in the acceleration of the natural blood coagulation process. On the other hands, our developed equips could immediately form clots upon the contact with plasma flair, while the histological appearance was different from natural coagulation. Based on these findings in formed clots, we sought to determine if plasma flair supplied by our devices was capable of forming film using a series of soluble proteins Following plasma treatment, films were formed from bovine serum albumin, and the other plasma proteins at physiological concentration. Analysis of trans-electron microscope demonstrated that plasma treatment generated small protein particles and made them fuse to be larger aggregations The combined results demonstrated that plasma are capable of aggregating soluble proteins and that platelets and coagulation factors are not necessary for plasma induced blood coagulation. Supported in part by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Priority Area (21590454, 24590498, and 24108006 to Y. I.).

  19. Hypochlorite-induced damage to plasma and proteins: formation of nitrogen-centred radicals and their role in protein oxidation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hawkins, C.L.; Davies, M.J. [Heart Research Institute, Camperdown, NSW (Australia)

    1998-12-31

    The respiratory burst of activated phagocyte cells results in the generation of hypochlorite (HOCl) via the release of the hydrogen peroxide and the enzyme myeloperoxidase. Little information is available about the mechanisms and intermediates involved in these reactions. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy with spin trapping has been employed to identify radicals formed in fresh human plasma and isolated proteins and peptides on treatment with HOCI. Reaction of plasma with HOCI in the presence of a spin trap gives broad, anisotropic radical adducts consistent with the formation of large, slowly-tumbling, protein-derived radicals. The identity of the plasma-derived radical adducts was investigated further by the incubation of the pre-formed adducts with the non-specific proteolytic enzyme pronase. This treatment gave sharper, signals consistent with the release of more mobile, low-molecular-weight spin adducts from the initial protein-derived adducts. The hyperfine couplings of these sharper signals are characteristic of the formation of nitrogen-centred radical adducts. Similar or identical species are observed on treatment with isolated human serum albumin, suggesting that this is a major site of HOCI-induced oxidation. Reaction of HOCI-treated plasma or isolated proteins/peptides with excess methionine eliminates radical formation, consistent with lysine-derived chloramines (via homolysis or heterolysis of N-CI bonds) being the radical source. The effect of HOCI on the structural integrity of the plasma proteins was investigated by SDS-PAGE. It was demonstrated that incubation of HOCI-treated plasma or proteins, after removal of excess oxidant, resulted in a time- and HOCI-dependent fragmentation of the proteins. No evidence was obtained for the presence of either discrete fragments or aggregated material. This suggests that the reaction of HOCI with plasma proteins results in the formation of a large number of random fragments. Treatment with

  20. Meal composition and plasma amino acid ratios: Effect of various proteins or carbohydrates, and of various protein concentrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yokogoshi, Hidehiko; Wurtman, Richard J.

    1986-01-01

    The effects of meals containing various proteins and carbohydrates, and of those containing various proportions of protein (0 percent to 20 percent of a meal, by weight) or of carbohydrate (0 percent to 75 percent), on plasma levels of certain large neutral amino acids (LNAA) in rats previously fasted for 19 hours were examined. Also the plasma tryptophan ratios (the ratio of the plasma trytophan concentration to the summed concentrations of the other large neutral amino acids) and other plasma amino acid ratios were calculated. (The plasma tryptophan ratio has been shown to determine brain tryptophan levels and, thereby, to affect the synthesis and release of the neurotransmitter serotonin). A meal containing 70 percent to 75 percent of an insulin-secreting carbohydrate (dextrose or dextrin) increased plasma insulin levels and the tryptophan ratio; those containing 0 percent or 25 percent carbohydrate failed to do so. Addition of as little as 5 percent casein to a 70 percent carbohydrate meal fully blocked the increase in the plasma tryptophan ratio without affecting the secretion of insulin - probably by contributing much larger quantities of the other LNAA than of tryptophan to the blood. Dietary proteins differed in their ability to suppress the carbohydrate-induced rise in the plasma tryptophan ratio. Addition of 10 percent casein, peanut meal, or gelatin fully blocked this increase, but lactalbumin failed to do so, and egg white did so only partially. (Consumption of the 10 percent gelatin meal also produced a major reduction in the plasma tyrosine ratio, and may thereby have affected brain tyrosine levels and catecholamine synthesis.) These observations suggest that serotonin-releasing neurons in brains of fasted rats are capable of distinguishing (by their metabolic effects) between meals poor in protein but rich in carbohydrates that elicit insulin secretion, and all other meals. The changes in brain serotonin caused by carbohydrate-rich, protein

  1. Meal composition and plasma amino acid ratios: Effect of various proteins or carbohydrates, and of various protein concentrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yokogoshi, Hidehiko; Wurtman, Richard J.

    1986-01-01

    The effects of meals containing various proteins and carbohydrates, and of those containing various proportions of protein (0 percent to 20 percent of a meal, by weight) or of carbohydrate (0 percent to 75 percent), on plasma levels of certain large neutral amino acids (LNAA) in rats previously fasted for 19 hours were examined. Also the plasma tryptophan ratios (the ratio of the plasma trytophan concentration to the summed concentrations of the other large neutral amino acids) and other plasma amino acid ratios were calculated. (The plasma tryptophan ratio has been shown to determine brain tryptophan levels and, thereby, to affect the synthesis and release of the neurotransmitter serotonin). A meal containing 70 percent to 75 percent of an insulin-secreting carbohydrate (dextrose or dextrin) increased plasma insulin levels and the tryptophan ratio; those containing 0 percent or 25 percent carbohydrate failed to do so. Addition of as little as 5 percent casein to a 70 percent carbohydrate meal fully blocked the increase in the plasma tryptophan ratio without affecting the secretion of insulin - probably by contributing much larger quantities of the other LNAA than of tryptophan to the blood. Dietary proteins differed in their ability to suppress the carbohydrate-induced rise in the plasma tryptophan ratio. Addition of 10 percent casein, peanut meal, or gelatin fully blocked this increase, but lactalbumin failed to do so, and egg white did so only partially. (Consumption of the 10 percent gelatin meal also produced a major reduction in the plasma tyrosine ratio, and may thereby have affected brain tyrosine levels and catecholamine synthesis.) These observations suggest that serotonin-releasing neurons in brains of fasted rats are capable of distinguishing (by their metabolic effects) between meals poor in protein but rich in carbohydrates that elicit insulin secretion, and all other meals. The changes in brain serotonin caused by carbohydrate-rich, protein

  2. Effects of recombinant human growth hormone therapy on carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolisms of children with Turner syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Weibin; Li, Shuxian; Shen, Qiong; Guo, Xiuxia; Rong, Huijuan

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To study the effect of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) therapy on carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolisms of Turner syndrome (TS). Metho d s: Total 45 patients with TS admitted between Jul. 2008 and Jun. 2011 were involved in this study. All patients received the clinical evaluation of body fat, plasma lipids, proteins and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) before and after rhGH therapy. Results : Our results indicated a significant decrease of body fat (FAT%) from 23.56±4.21 to 18.71±2.23 but no obvious change on the level of fat mass (FM) (p>0.05) was observed after rhGH therapy. We also detected significant changes on plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) from (1.65±0.58 mmol/L) to (2.20±0.65 mmol/L) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDH-C) from (2.55±0.55 mmol/L) to (2.10±0.54 mmol/L) after rhGH exposure. However, no statistical significance was detected on the level of plasma triglyceride (TG), cholesterol (CHO). Interestingly, the levels of plasma retinol binding protein (RbP) (32.55±4.28mg/L), transferrin (TRF) (2.95±0.40 mg/L), serum albumin (PRE) (250.00±45.50 mg/L) and albumin (propagated) (33.58±4.25 mg/L) were significantly increased. When it goes to the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) test, there were 10 impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) cases among all patients before and after rhGH therapy. No significant change was observed on homeostasis model assessment- insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) level during rhGH intervention. Conclusion : Abnormal lipid and protein metabolisms of the children with TS can be improved with rhGH therapy for 6 months. PMID:25097506

  3. Depletion of abundant plasma proteins by poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-acrylic acid) hydrogel particles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Such-Sanmartín, Gerard; Ventura-Espejo, Estela; Jensen, Ole N

    2014-01-01

    at higher efficiency than low abundance proteins, which are enriched in the supernatants, whereas (2) hydrogel particles incubated with high concentrations of plasma capture and irreversibly trap abundant proteins. During the elution step, irreversibly trapped proteins remain captured while low abundance...... (SRM) liquid chromatography (LC)-MS/MS. This novel use of hydrogel particles opens new perspectives for biomarker analysis based on mass spectrometry....

  4. Seldi-tof MS Profiling of Plasma Proteins in Ovarian Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shao-Pai Wu

    2006-03-01

    Conclusion: This study clearly demonstrates that the combined technology of SELDI-TOF MS and artificial intelligence is effective in distinguishing protein expression between normal and ovarian cancer plasma. The identified protein peaks may be candidate proteins for early detection of ovarian cancer or evaluation of therapeutic response.

  5. HIP2: An online database of human plasma proteins from healthy individuals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shen Changyu

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background With the introduction of increasingly powerful mass spectrometry (MS techniques for clinical research, several recent large-scale MS proteomics studies have sought to characterize the entire human plasma proteome with a general objective for identifying thousands of proteins leaked from tissues in the circulating blood. Understanding the basic constituents, diversity, and variability of the human plasma proteome is essential to the development of sensitive molecular diagnosis and treatment monitoring solutions for future biomedical applications. Biomedical researchers today, however, do not have an integrated online resource in which they can search for plasma proteins collected from different mass spectrometry platforms, experimental protocols, and search software for healthy individuals. The lack of such a resource for comparisons has made it difficult to interpret proteomics profile changes in patients' plasma and to design protein biomarker discovery experiments. Description To aid future protein biomarker studies of disease and health from human plasma, we developed an online database, HIP2 (Healthy Human Individual's Integrated Plasma Proteome. The current version contains 12,787 protein entries linked to 86,831 peptide entries identified using different MS platforms. Conclusion This web-based database will be useful to biomedical researchers involved in biomarker discovery research. This database has been developed to be the comprehensive collection of healthy human plasma proteins, and has protein data captured in a relational database schema built to contain mappings of supporting peptide evidence from several high-quality and high-throughput mass-spectrometry (MS experimental data sets. Users can search for plasma protein/peptide annotations, peptide/protein alignments, and experimental/sample conditions with options for filter-based retrieval to achieve greater analytical power for discovery and validation.

  6. Purification of Pregnancy-associated Plasma Protein-A and Preparation of Its Antibodies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG; Bin-yan; LI; Zi-ying; YUAN; Zhi-gang; ZHANG; Xue-feng; LIU; Yi-bing

    2013-01-01

    Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A(PAPP-A)is isolated from the plasma of pregnant women.It is producted by the syntrophoblast tissue of the placenta and decidual cells.PAPP-A belongs to macromolecular glycoprotein.As a sensitive serum marker,the decreased PAPP-A levels during the first

  7. Detection of boar sperm plasma membrane protein using Rhodamine 640; implications for cryobiology and physiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhodamine 640 (R640) was used to detect changes in boar sperm plasma membrane protein (PMP) during cryopreservation; a poorly understood phenomenon. The protocol was adapted for boar sperm so that semen samples (n = 17) could be analyzed for PMP (R640 positive) and plasma membrane integrity (PMI; Y...

  8. Monitoring the native phosphorylation state of plasma membrane proteins from a single mouse cerebellum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schindler, J.; Ye, J. Y.; Jensen, Ole Nørregaard

    2013-01-01

    Neuronal processing in the cerebellum involves the phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of various plasma membrane proteins such as AMPA or NMDA receptors. Despite the importance of changes in phosphorylation pattern, no global phospho-proteome analysis has yet been performed. As plasma membrane...

  9. Early Diagnosis of Intestinal Ischemia Using Urinary and Plasma Fatty Acid Binding Proteins

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Thuijls, Geertje; van Wijck, Kim; Grootjans, Joep; Derikx, Joep P. M.; van Bijnen, Annemarie A.; Heineman, Erik; Dejong, Cornelis H. C.; Buurman, Wim A.; Poeze, Martijn

    2011-01-01

    Objective: This study aims at improving diagnosis of intestinal ischemia, by measuring plasma and urinary fatty acid binding protein (FABP) levels. Methods: Fifty consecutive patients suspected of intestinal ischemia were included and blood and urine were sampled at time of suspicion. Plasma and uri

  10. One-step isolation of plasma membrane proteins using magnetic beads with immobilized concanavalin A

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lee, Yu-Chen; Block, Gregory; Chen, Huiwen;

    2008-01-01

    We have developed a simple method for isolating and purifying plasma membrane proteins from various cell types. This one-step affinity-chromatography method uses the property of the lectin concanavalin A (ConA) and the technique of magnetic bead separation to obtain highly purified plasma membran...

  11. Automation of plasma protein binding assay using rapid equilibrium dialysis device and Tecan workstation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Zhengqi; Zetterberg, Craig; Gao, Hong

    2017-03-14

    Binding of drug molecules to plasma proteins is an important parameter in assessing drug ADME properties. Plasma protein binding (PPB) assays are routinely performed during drug discovery and development. A fully automated PPB assay was developed using rapid equilibrium dialysis (RED) device and Tecan workstation coupled to an automated incubator. The PPB assay was carried out in unsealed RED plates which allowed the assay to be fully automated. The plasma pH was maintained at 7.4 during the 6-h dialysis under 2% CO2 condition. The samples were extracted with acetonitrile and analyzed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. The percent bound results of 10 commercial drugs in plasma protein binding were very similar between the automated and manual assays, and were comparable to literature values. The automated assay increases laboratory productivity and is applicable to high-throughput screening of drug protein binding in drug discovery.

  12. Proteomic profiling of human plasma exosomes identifies PPARgamma as an exosome-associated protein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Looze, Christopher; Yui, David; Leung, Lester; Ingham, Matthew; Kaler, Maryann; Yao, Xianglan; Wu, Wells W; Shen, Rong-Fong; Daniels, Mathew P; Levine, Stewart J

    2009-01-16

    Exosomes are nanovesicles that are released from cells as a mechanism of cell-free intercellular communication. Only a limited number of proteins have been identified from the plasma exosome proteome. Here, we developed a multi-step fractionation scheme incorporating gel exclusion chromatography, rate zonal centrifugation through continuous sucrose gradients, and high-speed centrifugation to purify exosomes from human plasma. Exosome-associated proteins were separated by SDS-PAGE and 66 proteins were identified by LC-MS/MS, which included both cellular and extracellular proteins. Furthermore, we identified and characterized peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma), a nuclear receptor that regulates adipocyte differentiation and proliferation, as well as immune and inflammatory cell functions, as a novel component of plasma-derived exosomes. Given the important role of exosomes as intercellular messengers, the discovery of PPARgamma as a component of human plasma exosomes identifies a potential new pathway for the paracrine transfer of nuclear receptors.

  13. Plasma proteins production and excretion in diabetic nephropathy in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal of African Association of Physiological Sciences ... Subjects, materials, and methods: Plasma albumin, and fibrinogen ... Results: A direct relationship was found between albuminuria and albumin concentration (r=0.59, p<0.05).

  14. Biochemical and cytogenetic studies of Poecilia from eastern México. I. Comparative microelectrophoresis of plasma proteins of seven species

    OpenAIRE

    Balsano, J. S.; Rasch, Ellen M.

    2016-01-01

    Over 2000 fisch plasmas from six species of Poecilia were collected from 33 populations in eastern Mexico and one from western Mexico. These plasmas were electrophoretically separated in 7.5% polyacrylamide gel which was stained for specific enzymes or total protein. Identiflcations of albumin band mobilities were verified by mixing isoaliquots of test plasmas with plasmas of known standards and by comparing test plasmas with plasmas from F1 hybrid progreny of known parentage.In the latipinna...

  15. Spectrophotometric determination of total proteins in blood plasma: a comparative study among dye-binding methods

    OpenAIRE

    Dimas Augusto Morozin Zaia; Fábio Rangel Marques; Cássia Thaïs Bussamra Vieira Zaia

    2005-01-01

    A comparative study between the biuret method (standard method for total proteins) and spectrophotometric methods using dyes (Bradford, 3',3",5',5"-tetrabromophenolphthalein ethyl ester-TBPEE, and erythrosin-B) was carried out for the determination of total proteins in blood plasma from rats. Bradford method showed the highest sensitivity for proteins and biuret method showed the lowest. For all the methods, the absorbance for different proteins (BSA, casein, and egg albumin) was measured and...

  16. Nanoparticle size matters in the formation of plasma protein coronas on Fe3O4 nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Zhengyan; Zhang, Hongyan; Zhang, Yi; Wu, Ren'an; Zou, Hanfa

    2014-09-01

    When nanoparticles (NPs) enter into biological systems, proteins would interact with NPs to form the protein corona that can critically impact the biological identity of the nanomaterial. Owing to their fundamental scientific interest and potential applications, Fe3O4 NPs of different sizes have been developed for applications in cell separation and protein separation and as contrast agents in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), etc. Here, we investigated whether nanoparticle size affects the formation of protein coronas around Fe3O4 NPs. Both the identification and quantification results demonstrated that particle size does play an important role in the formation of plasma protein coronas on Fe3O4 NPs; it not only influenced the protein composition of the formed plasma protein corona but also affected the abundances of the plasma proteins within the coronas. Understanding the different binding profiles of human plasma proteins on Fe3O4 NPs of different sizes would facilitate the exploration of the bio-distributions and biological fates of Fe3O4 NPs in biological systems.

  17. The role of cholesteryl ester transfer protein and phospholipid transfer protein in the remodeling of plasma high-density lipoproteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagrost, L

    1997-08-01

    Recent studies demonstrated that alterations in the size distribution of high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) constitute reliable markers for the risk of coronary artery disease. These observations suggested that the determination of the size distribution of HDL subpopulations by using polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis might constitute an effective tool in clinical practice for the detection of patients with elevated risk. During the last decade, concordant observations revealed that all the HDL subpopulations are metabolically interrelated, and their relative abundances are dependent on the activity of several plasma factors, among them the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) and the phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP). As reviewed in the present article, although both CETP and PLTP can promote the size redistribution or conversion of HDL, the two plasma lipid transfer proteins can alter differently the plasma HDL distribution profile through distinct mechanisms. (Trends Cardiovasc Med 1997;7:218-224). © 1997, Elsevier Science Inc.

  18. Platelet adhesion onto wettability gradient surfaces in the absence and presence of plasma proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, J H; Lee, H B

    1998-08-01

    A wettability gradient was prepared on lowdensity polyethylene (PE) sheets by treating them in air with a corona from a knife-type electrode the power of which increased gradually along the sample length. The PE surfaces oxidized gradually with the increasing corona power and a wettability gradient was created on the surfaces, as evidenced by the measurement of water contact angles, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in the attenuated total reflectance mode, and electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis. The wettability gradient surfaces prepared were used to investigate the adhesion behavior of platelets in the absence and presence of plasma proteins in terms of the surface hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity of polymeric materials. The platelets adhered to the wettability gradient surfaces along the sample length were counted and examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It was observed that the platelet adhesion in the absence of plasma proteins increased gradually as the surface wettability increased along the sample length. The platelets adhered to the hydrophilic positions of the gradient surface also were more activated (possessed more pseudo pods as examined by SEM) than on the more hydrophobic ones. However, platelet adhesion in the presence of plasma proteins decreased gradually with the increasing surface wettability; the platelets adhered to the surface also were more activated on the hydrophobic positions of the gradient surface. This result is closely related to plasma protein adsorption on the surface. Plasma protein adsorption on the wettability gradient surface increased with the increasing surface wettability. More plasma protein adsorption on the hydrophilic positions of the gradient surface caused less platelet adhesion, probably due to platelet adhesion inhibiting proteins, such as high-molecular-weight kininogen, which preferably adsorbs onto the surface by the so-called Vroman effect. It seems that both the presence of plasma proteins

  19. Temperature-Induced Protein Conformational Changes in Barley Root Plasma Membrane-Enriched Microsomes: II. Intrinsic Protein Fluorescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldwell, C R

    1987-07-01

    The membrane-bound proteins of barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv Conquest) root plasma membrane-enriched microsomes displayed fluorescence typical of protein-associated trytophan residues. The protein fluorescence intensity was sensitive to variations in sample temperature. The temperature-induced decline in protein fluorescence intensity was nonlinear with slope discontinuities at about 12 and 32 degrees C. Detergents at levels above their critical micelle concentration enhanced protein fluorescence. Glutaraldehyde reduced protein fluorescence. Protein fluorescence polarization increased at temperatures above 30 degrees C. Both the rate of tryptophan photoionization and the fluorescence intensity of the photoionization products suggested alterations in membrane protein conformation between 12 and 32 degrees C. The quenching of the intrinsic protein fluorescence by acrylamide and potassium iodide indicated changes in accessibility of the extrinsic agents to the protein tryptophan residues beginning at about 14 degrees C. The results indicate thermally induced changes in the dynamics of the membrane proteins over the temperature range of 12 to 32 degrees C which could account for the complex temperature dependence of the barley root plasma membrane ATPase.

  20. Direct protein introduction into plant cells using a multi-gas plasma jet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanagawa, Yuki; Kawano, Hiroaki; Kobayashi, Tomohiro; Miyahara, Hidekazu; Okino, Akitoshi; Mitsuhara, Ichiro

    2017-01-01

    Protein introduction into cells is more difficult in plants than in mammalian cells, although it was reported that protein introduction was successful in shoot apical meristem and leaves only together with a cell-penetrating peptide. In this study, we tried to introduce superfolder green fluorescent protein (sGFP)-fused to adenylate cyclase as a reporter protein without a cell-penetrating peptide into the cells of tobacco leaves by treatment with atmospheric non-thermal plasmas. For this purpose, CO2 or N2 plasma was generated using a multi-gas plasma jet. Confocal microscopy indicated that sGFP signals were observed inside of leaf cells after treatment with CO2 or N2 plasma without substantial damage. In addition, the amount of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) formed by the catalytic enzyme adenylate cyclase, which requires cellular calmodulin for its activity, was significantly increased in leaves treated with CO2 or N2 plasma, also indicating the introduction of sGFP-fused adenylate cyclase into the cells. These results suggested that treatment with CO2 or N2 plasma could be a useful technique for protein introduction into plant tissues.

  1. A biotin enrichment strategy identifies novel carbonylated amino acids in proteins from human plasma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Havelund, Jesper F.; Wojdyla, Katarzyna; Davies, Michael J.

    2017-01-01

    Protein carbonylation is an irreversible protein oxidation correlated with oxidative stress, various diseases and ageing. Here we describe a peptide-centric approach for identification and characterisation of up to 14 different types of carbonylated amino acids in proteins. The modified residues...... in vitro metal ion-catalysed oxidation. Furthermore, we assigned 133 carbonylated sites in 36 proteins in native human plasma protein samples. The optimised workflow enabled detection of 10 hitherto undetected types of carbonylated amino acids in proteins: aldehyde and ketone modifications of leucine...

  2. A method for studies on interactions between a gold-based drug and plasma proteins based on capillary electrophoresis with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry detection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nguyen, Tam T T N; Østergaard, Jesper; Gammelgaard, Bente

    2015-01-01

    An analytical method based on capillary electrophoresis (CE) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) detection was developed for studies on the interaction of gold-containing drugs and plasma proteins using auranofin as example. A detection limit of 18 ng/mL of auranofin...... was the major auranofin-interacting protein in plasma. The CE-ICP-MS method is proposed as a novel approach for kinetic studies of the interactions between gold-based drugs and plasma proteins. Graphical Abstract Development of a CE-ICP-MS based method allows for studies on interaction of the gold containing...

  3. A comprehensive analysis of the Streptococcus pyogenes and human plasma protein interaction network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sjöholm, Kristoffer; Karlsson, Christofer; Linder, Adam; Malmström, Johan

    2014-07-01

    Streptococcus pyogenes is a major human bacterial pathogen responsible for severe and invasive disease associated with high mortality rates. The bacterium interacts with several human blood plasma proteins and clarifying these interactions and their biological consequences will help to explain the progression from mild to severe infections. In this study, we used a combination of mass spectrometry (MS) based techniques to comprehensively quantify the components of the S. pyogenes-plasma protein interaction network. From an initial list of 181 interacting human plasma proteins defined using liquid chromatography (LC)-MS/MS analysis we further subdivided the interacting protein list using selected reaction monitoring (SRM) depending on the level of enrichment and protein concentration on the bacterial surface. The combination of MS methods revealed several previously characterized interactions between the S. pyogenes surface and human plasma along with many more, so far uncharacterised, possible plasma protein interactions with S. pyogenes. In follow-up experiments, the combination of MS techniques was applied to study differences in protein binding to a S. pyogenes wild type strain and an isogenic mutant lacking several important virulence factors, and a unique pair of invasive and non-invasive S. pyogenes isolates from the same patient. Comparing the plasma protein-binding properties of the wild type and the mutant and the invasive and non-invasive S. pyogenes bacteria revealed considerable differences, underlining the significance of these protein interactions. The results also demonstrate the power of the developed mass spectrometry method to investigate host-microbial relationships with a large proteomics depth and high quantitative accuracy.

  4. Isolation and characterization of gelatin-binding proteins from goat seminal plasma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lazure Claude

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A family of proteins designated BSP-A1, BSP-A2, BSP-A3 and BSP-30 kDa (collectively called BSP proteins for Bovine Seminal Plasma proteins constitute the major protein fraction in the bull seminal plasma. These proteins interact with choline phospholipids on the sperm surface and play a role in the membrane stabilization (decapacitation and destabilization (capacitation process. Homologous proteins have been isolated from boar and stallion seminal plasma. In the current study we report the isolation and preliminary characterization of homologous proteins from goat seminal plasma. Frozen semen (-80°C was thawed and centrifuged to remove sperm. The proteins in the supernatant were precipitated by the addition of cold ethanol. The precipitates were dissolved in ammonium bicarbonate and lyophilised. The lyophilised proteins were dissolved in phosphate buffer and loaded onto a gelatin-agarose column, which was previously equilibrated with the same buffer. The column was successively washed with phosphate buffer, with phosphate buffer saline and with 0.5 M urea in phosphate buffer saline to remove unadsorbed proteins, and the adsorbed proteins were eluted with 5 M urea in phosphate buffer saline. Analysis of pooled, dialysed and lyophilised gelatin-agarose adsorbed protein fraction by SDS-PAGE indicated the presence of four protein bands that were designated GSP-14 kDa, GSP-15 kDa, GSP-20 kDa and GSP-22 kDa (GSP, Goat Seminal Plasma proteins. Heparin-affinity chromatography was then used for the separation of GSP-20 and -22 kDa from GSP-14 and -15 kDa. Finally, HPLC separation permitted further isolation of each one from the other. Amino acid sequence analysis of these proteins indicated that they are homologous to BSP proteins. In addition, these BSP homologs bind to hen's egg-yolk low-density lipoproteins. These results together with our previous data indicate that BSP family proteins are ubiquitous in mammalian seminal plasma, exist in

  5. Function of plasma membrane microdomain-associated proteins during legume nodulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiao, Zhenzhen; Libault, Marc

    2017-08-17

    Plasma membrane microdomains are plasma membrane sub-compartments enriched in sphingolipids and sterols, and composed by a specific set of proteins. They are involved in recognizing signal molecules, transducing these signals, and controlling endocytosis and exocytosis processes. In a recent study, applying biochemical and microscopic methods, we characterized the soybean GmFWL1 protein, a major regulator of soybean nodulation, as a new membrane microdomain-associated protein. Interestingly, upon rhizobia inoculation of the soybean root system, GmFWL1 and one of its interacting partners, GmFLOT2/4, both translocate to the root hair cell tip, the primary site of interaction and infection between soybean and Rhizobium. The role of GmFWL1 as a plasma membrane microdomain-associated protein is also supported by immunoprecipitation assays performed on soybean nodules, which revealed 178 GmFWL1 protein partners including a large number of microdomain-associated proteins such as GmFLOT2/4. In this addendum, we provide additional information about the identity of the soybean proteins repetitively identified as GmFWL1 protein partners. Their function is discussed especially in regard to plant-microbe interactions and microbial symbiosis. This addendum will provide new insights in the role of plasma membrane microdomains in regulating legume nodulation.

  6. Evaluation of the refractometric method for the determination of total protein in avian plasma or serum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lumeij, J T; de Bruijne, J J

    1985-07-01

    Serum total protein concentrations in pigeon blood determined with the biuret method (TPB-se) were compared with total protein concentrations in plasma (TPR-pl) and serum (TPR-se) obtained by estimation from refractive index. The refractometric method consistently yielded higher values (Prefractometric method for determination of TP in pigeon blood is not recommended.

  7. Changes in serum adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein in women with gestational diabetes mellitus and normal pregnant women during mid- and late pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ying; Zhang, Hao-Hang; Lu, Jia-Hui; Zheng, Si-Yuan; Long, Tao; Li, Ying-Tao; Wu, Wei-Zhen; Wang, Fang

    2016-09-01

    To observe the longitudinal changes in serum adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (AFABP), carbohydrate, and lipid metabolism parameters in women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during mid- and late pregnancy periods, as well as to identify whether there is any association between AFABP and development of GDM. A total of 40 GDM and 240 normal glucose tolerance participants were enrolled at 24-28 weeks and completed the study. The clinical features, serum AFABP, other adipocytokines (leptin, adiponectin, retinol-binding protein 4), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, and lipid profiles were measured in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. Compared with the normal glucose tolerance group, the GDM group showed greater levels of AFABP, leptin and retinol-binding protein 4; and a decreased level of adiponectin (P body mass index was the independent factor impacting serum AFABP levels in the second (β = 0.567, P = 0.004) and third trimesters (β = 0.619, P = 0.001). Furthermore, GDM was independently associated with AFABP concentrations in multiple regression analysis in the second and third trimester (all P body mass index and GDM were the independent factors with respect to serum AFABP. AFABP might be closely related to obesity, insulin resistance and leptin resistance in pregnancy, and is a major risk factor for GDM. © 2016 The Authors. Journal of Diabetes Investigation published by Asian Association for the Study of Diabetes (AASD) and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  8. Interaction between a plasma membrane-localized ankyrin-repeat protein ITN1 and a nuclear protein RTV1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakamoto, Hikaru [Department of Bioproduction, Faculty of Bioindustry, Tokyo University of Agriculture, 196 Yasaka, Abashiri-shi, Hokkaido 093-2422 (Japan); Sakata, Keiko; Kusumi, Kensuke [Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan); Kojima, Mikiko; Sakakibara, Hitoshi [RIKEN Plant Science Center, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-0045 (Japan); Iba, Koh, E-mail: koibascb@kyushu-u.org [Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan)

    2012-06-29

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer ITN1, a plasma membrane ankyrin protein, interacts with a nuclear DNA-binding protein RTV1. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The nuclear transport of RTV1 is partially inhibited by interaction with ITN1. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer RTV1 can promote the nuclear localization of ITN1. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Both overexpression of RTV1 and the lack of ITN1 increase salicylic acids sensitivity in plants. -- Abstract: The increased tolerance to NaCl 1 (ITN1) protein is a plasma membrane (PM)-localized protein involved in responses to NaCl stress in Arabidopsis. The predicted structure of ITN1 is composed of multiple transmembrane regions and an ankyrin-repeat domain that is known to mediate protein-protein interactions. To elucidate the molecular functions of ITN1, we searched for interacting partners using a yeast two-hybrid assay, and a nuclear-localized DNA-binding protein, RTV1, was identified as a candidate. Bimolecular fluorescence complementation analysis revealed that RTV1 interacted with ITN1 at the PM and nuclei in vivo. RTV1 tagged with red fluorescent protein localized to nuclei and ITN1 tagged with green fluorescent protein localized to PM; however, both proteins localized to both nuclei and the PM when co-expressed. These findings suggest that RTV1 and ITN1 regulate the subcellular localization of each other.

  9. 肾移植后早期监测外周血视黄醇结合蛋白4的临床意义%Continuous monitoring of peripheral blood retinol blinding protein-4 in the early stage after renal transplantation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周宇; 郑鳕洋; 陆瀚澜; 陈瑜; 傅尚希; 王立明

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Retinol binding protein-4 is a most sensitive biomarker for loss of function of the human proximal renal tubule, which is applied in the early detection of acute kidney injury. It is speculated that retinol binding protein-4 may be associated with acute rejection and delayed graft function after renal transplantation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of peripheral blood retinol binding protein-4 and renal alograft function in the early stage after renal transplantation. METHODS:The venous blood samples of renal transplantation recipients were continuously colected for detection. As a retrospective nested case-control study, 20 cases of clinical diagnosed acute rejection were selected as acute rejection group. Another 20 cases of delayed graft function and 20 cases with normal graft function were randomly selected according to the ratio of 1:1:1 and taken as delayed graft function group and control group, respectively. Retinol binding protein-4 level was detected by the immune turbidimetric method, and meanwhile, the serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen levels were dynamicaly examined by the sarcosine oxidase method. Then, al the data were comparatively analyzed at vertical and horizontal levels. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Compared with the control group, retinol binding protein-4 and serum creatinine levels in the acute rejection group and the delayed graft function group were significantly higher (P < 0.05). Retinol binding protein-4 and serum creatinine levels in the acute rejection group were significantly different between the rejection and non-rejection periods (P < 0.01). Similarly, these two indicators in the delayed graft function group were significantly different between the normal and abnormal renal function periods (P < 0.05). Retinol binding protein-4 levels were positively correlated with serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen levels. Both in the acute rejection group and delayed graft function group, retinol binding protein-4

  10. Differential protein expression in seminal plasma from fertile and infertile males

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadavid J, Angela P.; Alvarez, Angela; Markert, Udo R.; Maya, Walter Cardona

    2014-01-01

    AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze human seminal plasma proteins in association with male fertility status using the proteomic mass spectrometry technology Surface-Enhanced Laser Desorption Ionization Time-of-Flight (SELDI-TOF-MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semen analysis was performed using conventional methods. Protein profiles of the seminal plasma were obtained by SELDI-TOF mass spectrometry over a strong anion exchanger, ProteinChip® Q10 array. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: We found statistically significant differences in motility and sperm count between fertile and infertile men. In addition, we observed ten seminal proteins that are significantly up-regulated in the infertile group. In conclusion, comparison of seminal plasma proteome in fertile and infertile men provides new aspects in the physiology of male fertility and might help in identifying novel markers of male infertility. PMID:25395747

  11. Pathogen inactivation in fresh frozen plasma using riboflavin and ultraviolet light: Effects on plasma proteins and coagulation factor VIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanojković Zoran

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Riboflavin (vitamin B2 activated by ultraviolet (UV light, produces active oxygen which damages cell membrane and prevents replication of the carrier of diseases (viruses, bacteria, protozoa in all blood products. The aim of this study was to establish the influence of the process of photo inactivation in pathogens using riboflavin and UV rays on the concentration of coagulation factor VIII:C (FVIII:C and proteins in plasma that were treated before freezing. Methods. The examination included 20 units of plasma, separated from whole blood donated by voluntary blood donors around 6 hours from the moment of collection. The units were pooled and separated in to two groups: one consisted of 10 control units and the other of 10 experimental units. Experimental units of the plasma were treated by riboflavin (35 mL and UV rays (6.24 J/mL, 265-370 nm on Mirasol aparature (Caridian BCT Biotechnologies, USA in approximate duration of 6 minutes. Furthermore, 35 mL of saline solution was added to the control plasma. One sample for examining was taken from the control plasma (KG and two residual were taken from experimental plasma after the addition of riboflavin either before (EG1 or post illumination (EG2. Results. Comparing the mean values of FVIII:C (% we noticed statistically significantly higher level in the EG1 group than in the EG2 group (65.00 ± 4.52 vs 63.20 ± 4.73; t = 4.323, p = 0.002, while between the KG and experimental groups (EG1 and EG2 there was no statistically significant difference in the concentration of FVIII:C. There was a statistically significant decrease of albumin concentration (g/L in the EG2 group comparing to the KG (33.35 ± 0.94 vs 31.94 ± 0.84; t = 3.534, p = 0.002, but there was no mentioned difference in albumin concentration between the KG and the EG1, so as between the EG1 and the EG2. Conclusion. Plasma inactivated by riboflavin and UV rays (Mirasol PRT sistem, Caridian BCT, USA keeps all the

  12. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with differential effects on plasma cholesteryl ester transfer protein and phospholipid transfer protein activities and concentrations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dullaart, RPF; De Vries, R; Scheek, L; Borggreve, SE; Van Gent, T; Dallinga-Thie, GM; Ito, M; Nagano, M; Sluiter, WJ; Hattori, H; Van Tol, A

    2004-01-01

    Background: Human plasma contains two lipid transfer proteins, cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) and phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP), which are crucial in reverse cholesterol transport. Methods: Plasma CETP and PLTP activity levels and concentrations in 16 type 2 diabetic patients and 1

  13. RNAi-mediated downregulation of poplar plasma membrane intrinsic proteins (PIPs) changes plasma membrane proteome composition and affects leaf physiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bi, Zhen; Merl-Pham, Juliane; Uehlein, Norbert; Zimmer, Ina; Mühlhans, Stefanie; Aichler, Michaela; Walch, Axel Karl; Kaldenhoff, Ralf; Palme, Klaus; Schnitzler, Jörg-Peter; Block, Katja

    2015-10-14

    Plasma membrane intrinsic proteins (PIPs) are one subfamily of aquaporins that mediate the transmembrane transport of water. To reveal their function in poplar, we generated transgenic poplar plants in which the translation of PIP genes was downregulated by RNA interference investigated these plants with a comprehensive leaf plasma membrane proteome and physiome analysis. First, inhibition of PIP synthesis strongly altered the leaf plasma membrane protein composition. Strikingly, several signaling components and transporters involved in the regulation of stomatal movement were differentially regulated in transgenic poplars. Furthermore, hormonal crosstalk related to abscisic acid, auxin and brassinosteroids was altered, in addition to cell wall biosynthesis/cutinization, the organization of cellular structures and membrane trafficking. A physiological analysis confirmed the proteomic results. The leaves had wider opened stomata and higher net CO2 assimilation and transpiration rates as well as greater mesophyll conductance for CO2 (gm) and leaf hydraulic conductance (Kleaf). Based on these results, we conclude that PIP proteins not only play essential roles in whole leaf water and CO2 flux but have important roles in the regulation of stomatal movement.

  14. One-step isolation of plasma membrane proteins using magnetic beads with immobilized concanavalin A1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yu-Chen; Block, Gregory; Chen, Huiwen; Folch-Puy, Emma; Foronjy, Robert; Jalili, Roxana; Jendresen, Christian Bille; Kimura, Masashi; Kraft, Edward; Lindemose, Søren; Lu, Jin; McLain, Teri; Nutt, Leta; Ramon-Garcia, Santiago; Smith, Joseph; Spivak, Aaron; Wang, Michael L.; Zanic, Marija; Lin, Sue-Hwa

    2008-01-01

    We have developed a simple method for isolating and purifying plasma membrane proteins from various cell types. This one-step affinity-chromatography method uses the property of the lectin concanavalin A (ConA) and the technique of magnetic-bead separation to obtain highly purified plasma membrane proteins from crude membrane preparations or cell lines. ConA is immobilized onto magnetic beads by binding biotinylated ConA to streptavidin magnetic beads. When these ConA magnetic beads were used to enrich plasma membranes from a crude membrane preparation, this procedure resulted in 3.7-fold enrichment of plasma membrane marker 5′-nucleotidase activity with 70% recovery of the activity in the crude membrane fraction of rat liver. In agreement with the results of 5′-nucleotidase activity, immunoblotting with antibodies specific for a rat liver plasma membrane protein, CEACAM1, indicated that CEACAM1 was enriched about threefold relative to that of the original membranes. In similar experiments, this method produced 13-fold enrichment of 5′-nucleotidase activity with 45% recovery of the activity from a total cell lysate of PC-3 cells and 7.1-fold enrichment of 5′-nucleotidase activity with 33% recovery of the activity from a total cell lysate of HeLa cells. These results suggest that this one-step purification method can be used to isolate total plasma membrane proteins from tissue or cells for the identification of membrane biomarkers. PMID:18765283

  15. A highly stable nonbiofouling surface with well-packed grafted zwitterionic polysulfobetaine for plasma protein repulsion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Yung; Liao, Shih-Chieh; Higuchi, Akon; Ruaan, Ruoh-Chyu; Chu, Chih-Wei; Chen, Wen-Yih

    2008-05-20

    An ideal nonbiofouling surface for biomedical applications requires both high-efficient antifouling characteristics in relation to biological components and long-term material stability from biological systems. In this study we demonstrate the performance and stability of an antifouling surface with grafted zwitterionic sulfobetaine methacrylate (SBMA). The SBMA was grafted from a bromide-covered gold surface via surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization to form well-packed polymer brushes. Plasma protein adsorption on poly(sulfobetaine methacrylate) (polySBMA) grafted surfaces was measured with a surface plasmon resonance sensor. It is revealed that an excellent stable nonbiofouling surface with grafted polySBMA can be performed with a cycling test of the adsorption of three model proteins in a wide range of various salt types, buffer compositions, solution pH levels, and temperatures. This work also demonstrates the adsorption of plasma proteins and the adhesion of platelets from human blood plasma on the polySBMA grafted surface. It was found that the polySBMA grafted surface effectively reduces the plasma protein adsorption from platelet-poor plasma solution to a level superior to that of adsorption on a surface terminated with tetra(ethylene glycol). The adhesion and activation of platelets from platelet-rich plasma solution were not observed on the polySBMA grafted surface. This work further concludes that a surface with good hemocompatibility can be achieved by the well-packed surface-grafted polySBMA brushes.

  16. Proteomic identification of novel differentiation plasma protein markers in hypobaric hypoxia-induced rat model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasmin Ahmad

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Hypobaric hypoxia causes complex changes in the expression of genes, including stress related genes and corresponding proteins that are necessary to maintain homeostasis. Whereas most prior studies focused on single proteins, newer methods allowing the simultaneous study of many proteins could lead to a better understanding of complex and dynamic changes that occur during the hypobaric hypoxia. METHODS: In this study we investigated the temporal plasma protein alterations of rat induced by hypobaric hypoxia at a simulated altitude of 7620 m (25,000 ft, 282 mm Hg in a hypobaric chamber. Total plasma proteins collected at different time points (0, 6, 12 and 24 h, separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE and identified using matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight (MALDI-TOF/TOF. Biological processes that were enriched in the plasma proteins during hypobaric hypoxia were identified using Gene Ontology (GO analysis. According to their properties and obvious alterations during hypobaric hypoxia, changes of plasma concentrations of Ttr, Prdx-2, Gpx -3, Apo A-I, Hp, Apo-E, Fetub and Nme were selected to be validated by Western blot analysis. RESULTS: Bioinformatics analysis of 25 differentially expressed proteins showed that 23 had corresponding candidates in the database. The expression patterns of the eight selected proteins observed by Western blot were in agreement with 2-DE results, thus confirming the reliability of the proteomic analysis. Most of the proteins identified are related to cellular defense mechanisms involving anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity. Their presence reflects the consequence of serial cascades initiated by hypobaric hypoxia. CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: This study provides information about the plasma proteome changes induced in response to hypobaric hypoxia and thus identification of the candidate proteins which can act as novel biomarkers.

  17. Proteomic Profiling of Nonenzymatically Glycated Proteins in Human Plasma and Erythrocyte Membrane

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Qibin; Tang, Ning; Schepmoes, Athena A.; Phillips, Lawrence S.; Smith, Richard D.; Metz, Thomas O.

    2008-05-01

    Non-enzymatic glycation of peptides and proteins by D-glucose has important implications in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus, particularly in the development of diabetic complications. In this report, a thorough proteomic profiling of glycated proteins was attempted by using phenylboronate affinity chromatography to enrich glycated proteins and glycated, tryptic peptides from human plasma and erythrocyte membranes. Enriched peptides were subsequently analyzed by liquid chromatography coupled with electron transfer dissociation tandem mass spectrometry, and 76 and 31 proteins were confidently identified as glycated from human plasma and erythrocyte membrane, respectively. It was observed that most of the glycated proteins can be identified in samples from individuals with normal glucose tolerance, although samples from individuals with impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus have slightly higher numbers of glycated proteins and more glycation sites identified.

  18. Direct Capture of Functional Proteins from Mammalian Plasma Membranes into Nanodiscs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Jahnabi; Pondenis, Holly; Fan, Timothy M; Das, Aditi

    2015-10-20

    Mammalian plasma membrane proteins make up the largest class of drug targets yet are difficult to study in a cell free system because of their intransigent nature. Herein, we perform direct encapsulation of plasma membrane proteins derived from mammalian cells into a functional nanodisc library. Peptide fingerprinting was used to analyze the proteome of the incorporated proteins in nanodiscs and to further demonstrate that the lipid composition of the nanodiscs directly affects the class of protein that is incorporated. Furthermore, the functionality of the incorporated membrane proteome was evaluated by measuring the activity of membrane proteins: Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase and receptor tyrosine kinases. This work is the first report of the successful establishment and characterization of a cell free functional library of mammalian membrane proteins into nanodiscs.

  19. Semen quality and concentration of soluble proteins in the seminal plasma of Alpine bucks Semen quality and concentration of soluble proteins in the seminal plasma of Alpine bucks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Eliza Facione Guimarães

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available It was aimed to study the in vitro seminal quality analyzed by complementary tests and to compare them with physical, morphological and biochemical aspects of male goat semen of the Alpine breed. This experiment took place at the Federal University of Viçosa, situated at 20º45’ S latitude and 42º51’ W longitude, Southwest of Brazil. It was done during the summer months of January and February, and three adult male goats of the Alpine breed were used in intensive conditions. The semen was collected by artificial vagina method. In all semen samples (45 ejaculates, after the physical and morphological analysis, the hiposmotic test was done. In 24 ejaculates, it were done thermo-resistance test, and in 21 ejaculates it were determined the concentration of total soluble proteins in seminal plasma. The male goats presented difference in the semen physical and morphological aspects, in the hiposmotic test and thermo-resistance test, but they did not presented difference in total soluble proteins concentration in seminal plasma. Results of the slow thermo-resistance test and hiposmotic test were positively correlated (r = 0.60. It was concluded, according to our results, that the concentration of total soluble proteins in seminal plasma can not be used as a parameter to predict the seminal quality of Alpine bucks.It was aimed to study the in vitro seminal quality analyzed by complementary tests and to compare them with physical, morphological and biochemical aspects of male goat semen of the Alpine breed. This experiment took place at the Federal University of Viçosa, situated at 20º45’ S latitude and 42º51’ W longitude, Southwest of Brazil. It was done during the summer months of January and February, and three adult male goats of the Alpine breed were used in intensive conditions. The semen was collected by artificial vagina method. In all semen samples (45 ejaculates, after the physical and morphological analysis, the hiposmotic test

  20. Effect of whey protein on plasma amino acids in diabetic mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Ting; Cai, Donglian; Geng, Shanshan; Wang, Ying; Zhen, Hui; Wu, Peiying

    2013-12-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of whey protein on plasma amino acid levels in a mouse model of type II diabetes, using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The composition and content of amino acids in the whey proteins were analyzed using HPLC. Type I and type II diabetic mouse models were prepared using streptozotocin (STZ) and normal mice were used as a control. The ICR mice in each group were then randomly divided into four subgroups, to which 0, 10, 20 and 40% whey protein, respectively, was administered for four weeks. Changes in the plasma amino acid levels were observed in each group. The proportions of leucine, isoleucine and valine in the whey proteins were 14.40, 5.93 and 5.32% of the total amino acids, respectively, that is, the branched-chain amino acid content was 25.65%. The levels of branched-chain amino acids increased in the plasma of the normal and model mice following the administration of whey proteins by gavage and the amino acid levels increased as the concentration of the administered protein increased. In addition, the branched-chain amino acid levels in the blood of the model mice were higher than those in the normal mice. The levels of plasma amino acids in diabetic mice increased following gavage with whey protein, which is rich in branched-chain amino acids.

  1. A rapid and simple assay for growth hormone-binding protein activity in human plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumann, G; Shaw, M A; Amburn, K

    1988-12-01

    The newly discovered circulating growth hormone binding proteins dictate a re-evaluation of the state of GH in plasma in health and disease as the binding proteins are known to affect GH metabolism and action. We describe a rapid and simple GH-binding assay that allows determination of free and complexed plasma GH, as well as GH-binding protein activity as an index of GH-binding protein levels, with relative ease. The method is based on incubation of plasma with 125I-GH and separation of bound from free GH on small DEAE-cellulose columns; it can be used on a large scale for routine determinations. The results obtained by this method are comparable to those obtained with the previously used slow and more cumbersome gel filtration technique. Initial data obtained in normal subjects and certain disease states show that the bound fraction of plasma GH is similar in men, women and children, is unaffected by pregnancy or acute infection, but is marginally decreased in liver cirrhosis. In acromegaly, binding protein activity also appears normal when allowance is made for partial saturation of the binding proteins by the high prevailing GH levels. The technique we describe should facilitate investigations of normal and abnormal regulation of the GH binding proteins.

  2. A pilot study of muscle plasma protein changes after exercise

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahlqvist, Julia R; Voss, Line G; Lauridsen, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Creatine kinase (CK) and myoglobin (Mb) do not possess all good qualities as biomarkers of skeletal muscle damage. We investigated the utility of troponin I (TnI) and telethonin (Tcap) as markers and examined their temporal profiles after skeletal muscle damage. METHODS: Plasma...... profiles were measured before and after exercise in 3 groups: subjects affected by either Becker muscular dystrophy or McArdle disease, and healthy subjects. RESULTS: Mb and TnI appeared early in the blood, and the increase of TnI was only observed in patients with muscle disease. The CK increase was more...... delayed in plasma. Tcap was not detectable at any time. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that TnI is a marker of more severe damage signifying sarcomeric damage, and it could therefore be an important supplement to CK and Mb in clinical practice. Tcap is not useful as a marker for skeletal muscle damage....

  3. New functional assays to selectively quantify the activated protein C- and tissue factor pathway inhibitor-cofactor activities of protein S in plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alshaikh, N A; Rosing, J; Thomassen, M C L G D; Castoldi, E; Simioni, P; Hackeng, T M

    2017-02-17

    Essentials Protein S is a cofactor of activated protein C (APC) and tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI). There are no assays to quantify separate APC and TFPI cofactor activities of protein S in plasma. We developed assays to measure the APC- and TFPI-cofactor activities of protein S in plasma. The assays were sensitive to protein S deficiency, and not affected by the Factor V Leiden mutation.

  4. Plasma proteins as biomarkers of the aging process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vranckx, R; Savu, L; Lambert, N; de Conchard, G V; Grosse, R; Mourey, M S; Corman, B

    1995-02-01

    This study was designed to characterize the rat serum proteins as biomarkers of the normal aging process. Crossed immunoelectrophoresis or electroimmunodiffusion quantitation of proteins was performed in rats aged 6, 12, 24, and 30 mo. Selection of healthy animals was based on confrontation of crossed immunoelectrophoresis patterns with those of experimentally inflamed young adults and with individual anatomopathological data. Convergence of inflammatory patterns and severe histological lesions was the exclusion criterion. Senescence-induced decrease was demonstrated for eight proteins [negative senescence reactants (SRs-)] and increase for six proteins [positive SRs (SRs+)]. Most SRs belonged to the class of proteins responsive to acute inflammation [acute phase reactants (APRs)]. One SR+, the thyroxine-binding globulin, a high-affinity thyroid hormone binder, emerged as a particularly reliable senescence biomarker, showing the highest aging-related variation (8-fold increase from 6 to 30 mo) and not belonging to the APR class. Chronic treatment with perindopril, an angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitor used in heart and renal disease therapy, significantly enhanced thyroxine-binding capacity, possibly by preventing age-related alterations of serum lipids. Serum protein patterns prove valuable both as indexes for selecting aging animals free from superimposed pathologies and as parameters of senescence-induced changes in protein biosynthesis.

  5. Whey Protein Delays Gastric Emptying and Suppresses Plasma Fatty Acids and Their Metabolites Compared to Casein, Gluten, and Fish Protein

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stanstrup, Jan; Schou, Simon S; Holmer-Jensen, Jens

    2014-01-01

    Whey protein has been demonstrated to improve fasting lipid and insulin response in overweight and obese individuals. To establish new hypotheses for this effect and to investigate the impact of stomach emptying, we compared plasma profiles after intake of whey isolate (WI), casein, gluten (GLU...

  6. Protein retention on plasma-treated hierarchical nanoscale gold-silver platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Jinghua; Levchenko, Igor; Mai-Prochnow, Anne; Keidar, Michael; Cvelbar, Uros; Filipic, Gregor; Han, Zhao Jun; Ostrikov, Kostya (Ken)

    2015-08-01

    Dense arrays of gold-supported silver nanowires of about 100 nm in diameter grown directly in the channels of nanoporous aluminium oxide membrane were fabricated and tested as a novel platform for the immobilization and retention of BSA proteins in the microbial-protective environments. Additional treatment of the silver nanowires using low-temperature plasmas in the inductively-coupled plasma reactor and an atmospheric-pressure plasma jet have demonstrated that the morphology of the nanowire array can be controlled and the amount of the retained protein may be increased due to the plasma effect. A combination of the neutral gold sublayer with the antimicrobial properties of silver nanowires could significantly enhance the efficiency of the platforms used in various biotechnological processes.

  7. Rational use of plasma protein and tissue binding data in drug design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xingrong; Wright, Matthew; Hop, Cornelis E C A

    2014-10-23

    It is a commonly accepted assumption that only unbound drug molecules are available to interact with their targets. Therefore, one of the objectives in drug design is to optimize the compound structure to increase in vivo unbound drug concentration. In this review, theoretical analyses and experimental observations are presented to illustrate that low plasma protein binding does not necessarily lead to high in vivo unbound plasma concentration. Similarly, low brain tissue binding does not lead to high in vivo unbound brain tissue concentration. Instead, low intrinsic clearance leads to high in vivo unbound plasma concentration, and low efflux transport activity at the blood-brain barrier leads to high unbound brain concentration. Plasma protein and brain tissue binding are very important parameters in understanding pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and toxicities of drugs, but these parameters should not be targeted for optimization in drug design.

  8. Protein retention on plasma-treated hierarchical nanoscale gold-silver platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Jinghua; Levchenko, Igor; Mai-Prochnow, Anne; Keidar, Michael; Cvelbar, Uros; Filipic, Gregor; Han, Zhao Jun; Ostrikov, Kostya (Ken)

    2015-01-01

    Dense arrays of gold-supported silver nanowires of about 100 nm in diameter grown directly in the channels of nanoporous aluminium oxide membrane were fabricated and tested as a novel platform for the immobilization and retention of BSA proteins in the microbial-protective environments. Additional treatment of the silver nanowires using low-temperature plasmas in the inductively-coupled plasma reactor and an atmospheric-pressure plasma jet have demonstrated that the morphology of the nanowire array can be controlled and the amount of the retained protein may be increased due to the plasma effect. A combination of the neutral gold sublayer with the antimicrobial properties of silver nanowires could significantly enhance the efficiency of the platforms used in various biotechnological processes. PMID:26307515

  9. Large-scale inference of protein tissue origin in gram-positive sepsis plasma using quantitative targeted proteomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malmström, Erik; Kilsgård, Ola; Hauri, Simon; Smeds, Emanuel; Herwald, Heiko; Malmström, Lars; Malmström, Johan

    2016-01-06

    The plasma proteome is highly dynamic and variable, composed of proteins derived from surrounding tissues and cells. To investigate the complex processes that control the composition of the plasma proteome, we developed a mass spectrometry-based proteomics strategy to infer the origin of proteins detected in murine plasma. The strategy relies on the construction of a comprehensive protein tissue atlas from cells and highly vascularized organs using shotgun mass spectrometry. The protein tissue atlas was transformed to a spectral library for highly reproducible quantification of tissue-specific proteins directly in plasma using SWATH-like data-independent mass spectrometry analysis. We show that the method can determine drastic changes of tissue-specific protein profiles in blood plasma from mouse animal models with sepsis. The strategy can be extended to several other species advancing our understanding of the complex processes that contribute to the plasma proteome dynamics.

  10. Characterization of Plasma Membrane Proteins from Ovarian Cancer Cells Using Mass Spectrometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David L. Springer

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available To determine how the repertoire of plasma membrane proteins change with disease state, specifically related to cancer, several methods for preparation of plasma membrane proteins were evaluated. Cultured cells derived from stage IV ovarian tumors were grown to 90% confluence and harvested in buffer containing CHAPS detergent. This preparation was centrifuged at low speed to remove insoluble cellular debris resulting in a crude homogenate. Glycosylated proteins in the crude homogenate were selectively enriched using lectin affinity chromatography. The crude homogenate and the lectin purified sample were prepared for mass spectrometric evaluation. The general procedure for protein identification began with trypsin digestion of protein fractions followed by separation by reversed phase liquid chromatography that was coupled directly to a conventional tandem mass spectrometer (i.e. LCQ ion trap. Mass and fragmentation data for the peptides were searched against a human proteome data base using the informatics program SEQUEST. Using this procedure 398 proteins were identified with high confidence, including receptors, membrane-associated ligands, proteases, phosphatases, as well as structural and adhesion proteins. Results indicate that lectin chromatography provides a select subset of proteins and that the number and quality of the identifications improve as does the confidence of the protein identifications for this subset. These results represent the first step in development of methods to separate and successfully identify plasma membrane proteins from advanced ovarian cancer cells. Further characterization of plasma membrane proteins will contribute to our understanding of the mechanisms underlying progression of this deadly disease and may lead to new targeted interventions as well as new biomarkers for diagnosis.

  11. Prognostic value of plasma C-reactive protein in the evaluation of paraquat poisoning patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zong NingΔ; Yu-Long BaiΔ; Hua Lu; Kang-Lin Mo

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the prognostic value of plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) level in patients with paraquat poisoning. Methods: This study included 162 patients with paraquat poisoning. The data of plasma paraquat,CRP level and arterial blood gas were analyzed. Cox regression analysis was applied to evaluate the risk factors of prognosis. Receiver operating characteristics curve analysis and area under curve were used to calculate the predictive power of significant variable. Differences in patient survival were determined using the Kaplan-Meier method and a log-rank test. Results:PlasmaCRP level was significantly increased in non-survival patients compared with survival patients (P Conclusions: These results suggest that plasmaCRP level is distinct increased in patients with paraquat poisoning, and the plasmaCRP level may be useful for the prediction of prognosis in paraquat poisoning.

  12. Lectin receptor kinases participate in protein-protein interactions to mediate plasma membrane-cell wall adhesions in Arabidopsis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouget, Anne; Senchou, Virginie; Govers, Francine; Sanson, Arnaud; Barre, Annick; Rougé, Pierre; Pont-Lezica, Rafael; Canut, Hervé

    2006-01-01

    Interactions between plant cell walls and plasma membranes are essential for cells to function properly, but the molecules that mediate the structural continuity between wall and membrane are unknown. Some of these interactions, which are visualized upon tissue plasmolysis in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), are disrupted by the RGD (arginine-glycine-aspartic acid) tripeptide sequence, a characteristic cell adhesion motif in mammals. In planta induced-O (IPI-O) is an RGD-containing protein from the plant pathogen Phytophthora infestans that can disrupt cell wall-plasma membrane adhesions through its RGD motif. To identify peptide sequences that specifically bind the RGD motif of the IPI-O protein and potentially play a role in receptor recognition, we screened a heptamer peptide library displayed in a filamentous phage and selected two peptides acting as inhibitors of the plasma membrane RGD-binding activity of Arabidopsis. Moreover, the two peptides also disrupted cell wall-plasma membrane adhesions. Sequence comparison of the RGD-binding peptides with the Arabidopsis proteome revealed 12 proteins containing amino acid sequences in their extracellular domains common with the two RGD-binding peptides. Eight belong to the receptor-like kinase family, four of which have a lectin-like extracellular domain. The lectin domain of one of these, At5g60300, recognized the RGD motif both in peptides and proteins. These results imply that lectin receptor kinases are involved in protein-protein interactions with RGD-containing proteins as potential ligands, and play a structural and signaling role at the plant cell surfaces.

  13. Lectin Receptor Kinases Participate in Protein-Protein Interactions to Mediate Plasma Membrane-Cell Wall Adhesions in Arabidopsis1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouget, Anne; Senchou, Virginie; Govers, Francine; Sanson, Arnaud; Barre, Annick; Rougé, Pierre; Pont-Lezica, Rafael; Canut, Hervé

    2006-01-01

    Interactions between plant cell walls and plasma membranes are essential for cells to function properly, but the molecules that mediate the structural continuity between wall and membrane are unknown. Some of these interactions, which are visualized upon tissue plasmolysis in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), are disrupted by the RGD (arginine-glycine-aspartic acid) tripeptide sequence, a characteristic cell adhesion motif in mammals. In planta induced-O (IPI-O) is an RGD-containing protein from the plant pathogen Phytophthora infestans that can disrupt cell wall-plasma membrane adhesions through its RGD motif. To identify peptide sequences that specifically bind the RGD motif of the IPI-O protein and potentially play a role in receptor recognition, we screened a heptamer peptide library displayed in a filamentous phage and selected two peptides acting as inhibitors of the plasma membrane RGD-binding activity of Arabidopsis. Moreover, the two peptides also disrupted cell wall-plasma membrane adhesions. Sequence comparison of the RGD-binding peptides with the Arabidopsis proteome revealed 12 proteins containing amino acid sequences in their extracellular domains common with the two RGD-binding peptides. Eight belong to the receptor-like kinase family, four of which have a lectin-like extracellular domain. The lectin domain of one of these, At5g60300, recognized the RGD motif both in peptides and proteins. These results imply that lectin receptor kinases are involved in protein-protein interactions with RGD-containing proteins as potential ligands, and play a structural and signaling role at the plant cell surfaces. PMID:16361528

  14. Age-related variations of protein carbonyls in human saliva and plasma: is saliva protein carbonyls an alternative biomarker of aging?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhihui; Wang, Yanyi; Liu, Hongchen; Che, Yuwei; Xu, Yingying; E, Lingling

    2015-06-01

    Free radical hypothesis which is one of the most acknowledged aging theories was developed into oxidative stress hypothesis. Protein carbonylation is by far one of the most widely used markers of protein oxidation. We studied the role of age and gender in protein carbonyl content of saliva and plasma among 273 Chinese healthy subjects (137 females and 136 males aged between 20 and 79) and discussed the correlation between protein carbonyl content of saliva and plasma. Protein carbonyl content of saliva and plasma were, respectively, 2.391 ± 0.639 and 0.838 ± 0.274 nmol/mg. Variations of saliva and plasma different age groups all reached significant differences in both male and female (all p saliva and plasma protein carbonyls were found to be significantly correlated with age (r = 0.6582 and r = 0.5176, all p saliva and plasma protein carbonyl levels (all p > 0.05). Saliva and plasma protein carbonyls were positively related (r = 0.4405, p saliva and plasma protein carbonyls/ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) ratios were proved to be significantly correlated with age (r = 0.7796 and r = 0.6938, all p saliva protein carbonyls/FRAP ratio and plasma protein carbonyls/FRAP ratio were also correlated (r = 0.5573, p saliva protein carbonyls seem to be an alternative biomarker of aging while the mechanisms of protein carbonylation and oxidative stress and the relationship between saliva protein carbonyls and diseases need to be further investigated.

  15. Relationship between the plasma levels of neurodegenerative proteins and motor subtypes of Parkinson's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Jian; Zhang, Jiejin; Wang, Xixi; Zhang, Li; Jiang, Siming; Yuan, Yongsheng; Li, Junyi; Zhu, Lin; Zhang, Kezhong

    2017-03-01

    The aim of our study is to examine the plasma levels of the four kinds of neurodegenerative proteins in plasma: α-syn, T-tau, P-tau181, and Aβ-42 in Parkinson's disease (PD) and to evaluate the relationship between their plasma levels and PD motor subtypes. 84 patients with PD were enrolled in our study, and finally, 73 of them were classified into the tremor-dominant subtype (TD) and the postural instability gait difficulty subtype (PIGD). Their motor performance was evaluated by a series of clinical assessments: Freezing of Gait Questionnaire (FOGQ), Timed Up and Go (TUGs), Tinetti balance, and Tinetti gait. Plasma levels of these proteins were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The plasma level of α-syn was significantly higher in PD patients when compared to controls (p = 0.004), and significantly higher in the PIGD group when compared to the TD group (p = 0.03). While the plasma level of Aβ-42 was significantly lower in PD patients than in controls (p = 0.002), and significantly lower in the PIGD group than in the TD group (p = 0.05). In PD patients, the plasma level of α-syn (r = -0.355, p score, even after performing multiple linear regression (p = 0.002). While the plasma level of Aβ-42 (r = -0.261, p score and remained correlate when performed multiple linear regression (p = 0.005). The patients with PIGD subtype are characterized with a lower level of plasma Aβ-42 and a higher plasma level of α-syn, which may be used as biomarkers for diagnosis and progression of the subtypes of PD.

  16. Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A and the vulnerable plaque

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Camilla H B; Vestergaard, Kirstine R; Schou, Morten

    2014-01-01

    For more than a decade, pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) has been examined for its relation to acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and the vulnerable plaque. This review summarizes the current knowledge of plasma PAPP-A in relation to nonpregnant individuals focusing on patients with ACS,......, discusses its use as a possible biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis in ACS, briefly describes the challenges in different assay technologies and describes the effect of heparin administration on PAPP-A concentrations in plasma....

  17. Micro patterning of cell and protein non-adhesive plasma polymerized coatings for biochip applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bouaidat, Salim; Berendsen, C.; Thomsen, P.;

    2004-01-01

    Micro scale patterning of bioactive surfaces is desirable for numerous biochip applications. Polyethyleneoxide-like (PEO-like) coating with non-fouling functionality has been deposited using low frequency AC plasma polymerization. The non-fouling properties of the coating were tested with human...... cells ( HeLa) and fluorescence labeled proteins (isothiocyanate-labeled bovine serum albumin, i.e. FITC-BSA). The PEO-like coatings were fabricated by plasma polymerization of 12-crown-4 (ppCrown) with plasma polymerized hexene (ppHexene) as adhesion layer. The coatings were micro patterned using...

  18. Renal pathology and urinary protein excretion in a 14-month-old Bernese mountain dog with chronic renal failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raila, J; Aupperle, H; Raila, G; Schoon, H-A; Schweigert, F J

    2007-04-01

    The renal pathology and urinary protein pattern of a 14-month-old female Bernese mountain dog with chronic renal failure was investigated. Sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamid gel electrophoresis and subsequent Western blot analysis of urine showed the presence of heavy and light chains of immunoglobulin, transferrin, albumin, vitamin D-binding protein, transthyretin and retinol-binding protein (RBP), but no excretion of Tamm-Horsfall protein (THP). Histopathological examinations of the kidneys revealed severe membranous glomerulonephritis accompanied by tubular dilatation, tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis. The renal expression of megalin, the main endocytic receptor for the re-uptake of proteins in proximal tubules, RBP and THP was reduced or completely absent, indicating severe tubular dysfunction. The identified urinary proteins may be of interest as additional markers for the diagnosis of juvenile nephropathy in Bernese mountain dogs.

  19. Valproic acid: in vitro plasma protein binding and interaction with phenytoin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cramer, J A; Mattson, R H

    1979-01-01

    Because valproic acid (VPA) is highly bound to plasma protein, several variables affecting binding will significantly alter the quantity of free drug which is pharmacologically active. Therefore, total VPA plasma concentrations do not reflect the therapeutic strength of the drug in tissue. We have performed equilibrium dialysis and ultrafiltration studies of VPA binding to plasma protein. The converging data in these in vitro studies indicate a clinically significant alteration in the percent of free VPA when total drug concentration exceeds 80 micrograms/ml. Saturation of drug binding sites probably occurs in this range. At 20--60 micrograms/ml VPA there is 5% free drug, with a significant increase to 8% free at 80 micrograms/ml; free drug increases to over 20% at 145 micrograms/ml total VPA. Human plasma, which is low in albumin, has twice the quantity of free VPA as normal plasma (10 versus 5% free). The clinical evidence of interaction between VPA and phenytoin is confirmed in vitro by the increase in the free fraction of both drugs. VPA binding decreases by 3--6%, while phenytoin binding decreases 5--6% as both drugs reach high plasma concentrations. When appropriate, laboratory reports should be available defining concentration of free drug in plasma for optimal interpretation of drug concetrations relative to clinical effects.

  20. Effects of plant proteins on postprandial, free plasma amino acid concentrations in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Bodil Katrine; Dalsgaard, Anne Johanne Tang; Pedersen, Per Bovbjerg

    2012-01-01

    proteins from wheat, peas, field beans, sunflower and soybean. Blood samples were obtained from the caudal vein of 7 fish in each dietary treatment group prior to feeding, as well as: 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h after feeding (sampling 7 new fish at each time point), and plasma amino acid......Postprandial patterns in plasma free amino acid concentrations were investigated in juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed either a fish meal based diet (FM) or a diet (VEG) where 59% of fish meal protein (corresponding to 46% of total dietary protein) was replaced by a matrix of plant...... concentrations were subsequently measured by HPLC. Nutrient digestibility and ammonia excretion of the two experimental diets were measured in a parallel experiment using a modified Guelph setup. Results showed that the appearance of most amino acids (essential and non-essential) in the plasma was delayed...

  1. Temperature-Induced Protein Conformational Changes in Barley Root Plasma Membrane-Enriched Microsomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldwell, Charles R.

    1987-01-01

    The membrane-bound proteins of barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv Conquest) root plasma membrane-enriched microsomes displayed fluorescence typical of protein-associated trytophan residues. The protein fluorescence intensity was sensitive to variations in sample temperature. The temperature-induced decline in protein fluorescence intensity was nonlinear with slope discontinuities at about 12 and 32°C. Detergents at levels above their critical micelle concentration enhanced protein fluorescence. Glutaraldehyde reduced protein fluorescence. Protein fluorescence polarization increased at temperatures above 30°C. Both the rate of tryptophan photoionization and the fluorescence intensity of the photoionization products suggested alterations in membrane protein conformation between 12 and 32°C. The quenching of the intrinsic protein fluorescence by acrylamide and potassium iodide indicated changes in accessibility of the extrinsic agents to the protein tryptophan residues beginning at about 14°C. The results indicate thermally induced changes in the dynamics of the membrane proteins over the temperature range of 12 to 32°C which could account for the complex temperature dependence of the barley root plasma membrane ATPase. PMID:16665545

  2. Localization of porcine seminal plasma (PSP) proteins in the boar reproductive tract and spermatozoa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manásková, P; Jonáková, V

    2008-06-01

    Spermadhesins are proteins containing a characteristic CUB domain, originally isolated from seminal plasma and ejaculated spermatozoa in domestic animals. Boar spermadhesins are multifunctional proteins exhibiting ligand-binding abilities with various endogenous ligands present in the male and female reproductive tracts and may play a role in the reproduction process. Porcine spermadhesins (AQN, AWN, PSP protein families) are secreted mainly by the seminal vesicles, but their mRNAs have been found also in the cauda epididymis and prostate. Unlike AQN and AWN spermadhesins, localization of porcine seminal plasma (PSP) proteins in the boar reproductive tract has not been completely resolved. This work has focused on PSP protein expression and localization in the boar reproductive organs and on spermatozoa. Using specific rabbit polyclonal antibodies (anti-PSP I and anti-PSP II), PSP I and PSP II proteins were immunodetected in tissue extracts and in secretory tissues of cauda epididymis, prostate, seminal vesicles and Cowper's glands on the blots and by an indirect immunofluorescence technique, respectively. Moreover, the ability of PSP proteins to bind to epididymal spermatozoa indicated their presence on cauda epididymal and ejaculated spermatozoa. Porcine seminal plasma proteins bind to the sperm surface at ejaculation and may modulate several aspects of sperm activity during reproduction. PSP proteins are produced not only by seminal vesicles and prostate, but also by epididymis. However, their prospective role in sperm epididymal maturation is not clear. Further characterization of seminal plasma protein forms expressed in the individual reproductive organs will help to understand their subsequent role in the reproduction process.

  3. Influence of dietary fish proteins on plasma and liver cholesterol concentrations in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, X; Beynen, A C

    1993-05-01

    The effects of amount and type of dietary fish proteins on plasma and liver cholesterol concentrations were evaluated in female rats. The isonitrogenous diets used contained 10 g cholesterol/kg and were carefully balanced for residual fat, cholesterol, Ca, Mg and P in the protein preparations. Cod meal, soya-bean protein or casein was incorporated into the diets as the only source of dietary protein at three levels: either 24, 48 or 72 g N/kg diet. Extra protein was added to the diet at the expense of the glucose component. In a second experiment soya-bean protein, casein, cod meal, whiting meal or plaice meal was added to the diet at a level of 24 g N/kg. When compared with casein, cod meal and soya-bean protein decreased plasma and liver cholesterol concentrations. A further cholesterol-lowering effect was achieved by increasing the proportion of either soya-bean protein or cod meal in the diet. Substitution of casein for glucose did not influence plasma and liver cholesterol concentrations. Plaice meal in the diet produced lower group mean plasma cholesterol concentrations than did whiting meal. In rats fed on the diet containing plaice meal, liver cholesterol concentrations were significantly lower than those in their counterparts fed on either cod meal or whiting meal. The present study demonstrates that different fish proteins in the diet have different effects on cholesterol metabolism and that the cholesterol-influencing properties of cod meal can be enhanced by the incorporation of higher proportions of this protein in the diet.

  4. Products of DNA, protein and lipid oxidative damage in relation to vitamin C plasma concentration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krajcovicová-Kudlácková, M; Dusinská, M; Valachovicová, M; Blazícek, P; Pauková, V

    2006-01-01

    Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of numerous chronic age-related free radical-induced diseases. Improved antioxidant status minimizes oxidative damage to DNA, proteins, lipids and other biomolecules. Diet-derived antioxidants such as vitamin C, vitamin E, carotenoids and related plant pigments are important in antioxidative defense and maintaining health. The results of long-term epidemiological and clinical studies suggest that protective vitamin C plasma concentration for minimum risk of free radical disease is higher than 50 micromol/l. Products of oxidative damage to DNA (DNA strand breaks with oxidized purines and pyrimidines), proteins (carbonyls) and lipids (conjugated dienes of fatty acids, malondialdehyde) were estimated in a group of apparently healthy adult non-smoking population in dependence on different vitamin C plasma concentrations. Under conditions of protective plasma vitamin C concentrations (>50 micromol/l) significantly lower values of DNA, protein and lipid oxidative damage were found in comparison with the vitamin C-deficient group (fruit and vegetable consumption (leading to higher vitamin C intake and higher vitamin C plasma concentrations) on oxidation of DNA, proteins and lipids is also expressed by an inverse significant correlation between plasma vitamin C and products of oxidative damage. The results suggest an important role of higher and frequent consumption of protective food (fruit, vegetables, vegetable oils, nuts, seeds and cereal grains) in prevention of free radical disease.

  5. Tuning the Electronic Absorption of Protein-Embedded All-trans-Retinal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Wenjing [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States); Nossoni, Zahra [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States); Berbasova, Tetyana [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States); Watson, Camille T. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States); Yapici, Ipek [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States); Lee, Kin Sing Stephen [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States); Vasileiou, Chrysoula [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States); Geiger, James H. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States); Borhan, Babak [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)

    2014-10-02

    Protein-chromophore interactions are a central component of a wide variety of critical biological processes such as color vision and photosynthesis. To understand the fundamental elements that contribute to spectral tuning of a chromophore inside the protein cavity, we redesigned human cellular retinol binding protein II (hCRBPII) to fully encapsulate all-trans-retinal and form a covalent bond as a protonated Schiff base. The system, using rational mutagenesis designed to alter the electrostatic environment within the binding pocket of the host protein, enabled regulation of the absorption maximum of the pigment in the range of 425 to 644 nanometers. Moreover, with only nine point mutations, the hCRBPII mutants induced a systematic shift in the absorption profile of all-trans-retinal of more than 200 nanometers across the visible spectrum.

  6. Total plasma protein in very preterm babies: prognostic value and comparison with illness severity scores.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Iacobelli

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the predictive value for severe adverse outcome of plasma protein measurements on day one of life in very preterm infants and to compare total plasma protein levels with the validated illness severity scores CRIB, CRIB-II, SNAP-II and SNAPPE-II, regarding their predictive ability for severe adverse outcome. METHODS: We analyzed a cohort of infants born at 24-31 weeks gestation, admitted to the tertiary intensive care unit of a university hospital over 10.5 years. The outcome measure was "severe adverse outcome" defined as death before discharge or severe neurological injury on cranial ultrasound. The adjusted odd ratio (aOR and 95% confidence interval (95% CI of severe adverse outcome for hypoproteinemia (total plasma protein level <40 g/L was calculated by univariate and multivariate analyses. Calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit was performed and the predictive ability for severe adverse outcome was assessed for total plasma protein and compared with CRIB, CRIB-II, SNAP-II and SNAPPE-II, by calculating receiver operating characteristic (ROC curves and their associated area under the curve (AUC. RESULTS: 761 infants were studied: 14.4% died and 4.1% survived with severe cerebral ultrasound findings. The aOR of severe adverse outcome for hypoproteinemia was 6.1 (95% CI 3.8-9.9. The rank order for variables, as assessed by AUCs and 95% CIs, in predicting outcome was: total plasma protein [0.849 (0.821-0.873], SNAPPE-II [0.822 (0.792-0.848], CRIB [0.821 (0.792-0.848], SNAP-II [0.810 (0.780-0.837] and CRIB-II [0.803 (0.772-0.830]. Total plasma protein predicted severe adverse outcome significantly better than CRIB-II and SNAP-II (both p<0.05. Calibration for total plasma protein was very good. CONCLUSIONS: Early hypoproteinemia has prognostic value for severe adverse outcome in very preterm, sick infants. Total plasma protein has a predictive performance comparable with CRIB and SNAPPE-II and greater than

  7. Prognostic value of plasma C-reactive protein in the evaluation of paraquat poisoning patients简

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zong; Ning; Yu-Long; Bai; Hua; Lu; Kang-Lin; Mo

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the prognostic value of plasma C-reactive protein(CRP) level in patients with paraquat poisoning.Methods: This study included 162 patients with paraquat poisoning. The data of plasma paraquat, CRP level and arterial blood gas were analyzed. Cox regression analysis was applied to evaluate the risk factors of prognosis. Receiver operating characteristics curve analysis and area under curve were used to calculate the predictive power of significant variable. Differences in patient survival were determined using the Kaplan–Meier method and a log-rank test.Results: Plasma CRP level was significantly increased in non-survival patients compared with survival patients(P < 0.05), and positively correlated with plasma paraquat level(P < 0.05). Cox regression analysis revealed that plasma CRP level was an independent prognostic marker of mortality within 30 days. The receiver operating characteristics curve analysis indicated that area under curve of plasma CRP level was0.867(95% CI: 0.81–0.93), and the cut-off value was 18 mg/L, and patients with CRP level over this value had a poor survival time compared with those with less than this value.Conclusions: These results suggest that plasma CRP level is distinct increased in patients with paraquat poisoning, and the plasma CRP level may be useful for the prediction of prognosis in paraquat poisoning.

  8. Arabidopsis protein kinase PKS5 inhibits the plasma membrane H+ -ATPase by preventing interaction with 14-3-3 protein

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fuglsang, Anja Thoe; Guo, Yan; Cuin, Tracey A.

    2007-01-01

    that an Arabidopsis thaliana Ser/Thr protein kinase, PKS5, is a negative regulator of the plasma membrane proton pump (PM Hþ-ATPase). Loss-of-function pks5 mutant plants are more tolerant of high external pH due to extrusion of protons to the extracellular space. PKS5 phosphorylates the PM Hþ-ATPase AHA2 at a novel......Regulation of the trans-plasma membrane pH gradient is an important part of plant responses to several hormonal and environmental cues, including auxin, blue light, and fungal elicitors. However, little is known about the signaling components that mediate this regulation. Here, we report...

  9. Adsorption of proteins from plasma at polyester non-wovens

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klomp, A.J.A.; Engbers, G.H.M.; Mol, J.; Terlingen, J.G.A.; Feijen, J.

    1999-01-01

    Polyester non-wovens in filters for the removal of leukocytes from platelet concentrates (PCs) must be platelet compatible. In PC filtration, the adsorption of proteins at the plasma–non-woven interface can be of great importance with respect to the yield of platelets. Unmodified and radio frequency

  10. Plasma Membrane Protein Ubiquitylation and Degradation as Determinants of Positional Growth in Plants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Barbara Korbei; Christian Luschnig

    2013-01-01

    Being sessile organisms, plants evolved an unparalleled plasticity in their post-embryonic development, allowing them to adapt and fine-tune their vital parameters to an ever-changing environment. Cross-talk between plants and their environment requires tight regulation of information exchange at the plasma membrane (PM). Plasma membrane proteins mediate such communication, by sensing variations in nutrient availability, external cues as well as by controlled solute transport across the membrane border. Localiza-tion and steady-state levels are essential for PM protein function and ongoing research identified cis- and trans-acting determinants, involved in control of plant PM protein localization and turnover. In this overview, we summarize recent progress in our understanding of plant PM protein sorting and degradation via ubiquitylation, a post-translational and reversible modification of proteins. We highlight characterized components of the machinery involved in sorting of ubiquitylated PM proteins and discuss consequences of protein ubiquitylation on fate of selected PM proteins. Specifically, we focus on the role of ubiquitylation and PM protein degradation in the regulation of polar auxin transport (PAT). We combine this regulatory circuit with further aspects of PM protein sorting control, to address the interplay of events that might control PAT and polarized growth in higher plants.

  11. Improved detection specificity for plasma proteins by targeting cysteine-containing peptides with photo-SRM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enjalbert, Quentin; Girod, Marion; Simon, Romain; Jeudy, Jérémy; Chirot, Fabien; Salvador, Arnaud; Antoine, Rodolphe; Dugourd, Philippe; Lemoine, Jérôme

    2013-03-01

    Targeted mass spectrometry using selected reaction monitoring (SRM) has emerged as an alternative to immunoassays for protein quantification owing to faster development time and higher multiplexing capability. However, the SRM strategy is faced with the high complexity of peptide mixtures after trypsin digestion of whole plasma or the cellular proteome that most of the time causes contamination, irremediably, by interfering compounds in the transition channels monitored. This problem becomes increasingly acute when the targeted protein is present at a low concentration. In this work, the merit of laser-induced photo-dissociation in the visible region at 473 nm implemented in an hybrid quadrupole linear ion-trap mass spectrometer (photo-SRM) was evaluated for detection specificity of cysteine-containing peptides in a group of plasma proteins after tagging with a dabcyl chromophore. Compared with conventional SRM, photo-SRM chromatograms have improved detection specificity for most of peptides monitored. Comparison of the signals obtained for the best proteotypic peptides in SRM mode and those recorded by photo-SRM of cysteine-containing peptides for the same proteins reveals either increased (up to 10-fold) or similar signal to photo-SRM detection. Finally, photo-SRM has extended response linearity across a calibration plot obtained by diluting human plasma in rat plasma, down to the lowest concentrations. Hence, photo-SRM may advantageously complement conventional SRM in assay of proteins in complex biological matrices.

  12. Plasma protein fractions in healthy blood donors quantitated by an automated multicapillary electrophoresis system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsson, Anders; Hansson, Lars-Olof

    2006-09-01

    During the last decade, capillary electrophoresis (CE) has emerged as an important alternative to traditional analysis of serum and plasma proteins by agarose or celluloseacetate electrophoresis. CE analysis of plasma proteins can now be fully automated and also includes bar-code identification of samples, preseparation steps, and direct post-separation quantitation of individual peaks, which permits short assay times and high throughput. For laboratory work, it is important to have reference values from healthy individuals. Therefore, plasma samples from 156 healthy blood donors (79 females and 77 males) have been analyzed with the Capillarys instrument and the new high resolution buffer, which yields higher resolution than the beta1-beta2+ buffer. Albumin concentrations in samples are measured using nephelometry in order to assign protein concentrations to each peak. The 2.5 and 97.5 percentiles for both the percentages of different peaks and the protein concentrations in the peaks are calculated according to the recommendations of the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry on the statistical treatment of reference values. The Capillarys instrument is a reliable system for plasma protein analysis, combining advantages of full automation with high analytical performances and throughput.

  13. Atmospheric pressure plasma polymers for tuned QCM detection of protein adhesion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusu, G B; Asandulesa, M; Topala, I; Pohoata, V; Dumitrascu, N; Barboiu, M

    2014-03-15

    Our efforts have been concentrated in preparing plasma polymeric thin layers at atmospheric pressure grown on Quartz Crystal Microbalance-QCM electrodes for which the non-specific absorption of proteins can be efficiently modulated, tuned and used for QCM biosensing and quantification. Plasma polymerization reaction at atmospheric pressure has been used as a simple and viable method for the preparation of QCM bioactive surfaces, featuring variable protein binding properties. Polyethyleneglycol (ppEG), polystyrene (ppST) and poly(ethyleneglycol-styrene) (ppST-EG) thin-layers have been grown on QCM electrodes. These layers were characterized by Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), Contact angle measurements, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The plasma ppST QCM electrodes present a higher adsorption of Concanavalin A (ConA) and Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) proteins when compared with the commercial coated polystyrene (ppST) ones. The minimum adsorption was found for ppEG, surface, known by their protein anti-fouling properties. The amount of adsorbed proteins can be tuned by the introduction of PEG precursors in the plasma discharge during the preparation of ppST polymers. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Study of Plasma Malondialdehyde, Troponin I and C - Reactive protein in Acute Coronary Syndromes Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Shams

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Ischemic injury of endothelium is associated with prostaglandin synthesis and platelet adhesion and aggregation, which may be associated with the release of aldehydes such as malondialdehyde (MDA. C-reactive protein and cardiac troponin I have been proposed as diagnostic markers of acute coronary syndromes. In this study, we compared the usefulness of plasma MDA as a marker of acute coronary syndromes with that of C-reactive protein and troponin I.Material & Methods: The study population contained 50 patients with unstable angina and 50 patients with acute myocardial infarction admitted to the hearth department of the Ekbatan Hospital of Hamadan. The subjects were matched according to age and sex. Total cholesterol, LDL and HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, plasma MDA, troponin I and C-reactive protein levels were determined in all patients. Results: Results showed that the plasma MDA levels were significantly higher in patients with acute myocardial infarction than in individuals with unstable angina (P<0.001 and were associated with increased levels of troponin I and C-reactive protein (P<0.001.Conclusion: The combination of the plasma MDA levels, which reflect endothelial injury, and troponin I and C-reactive protein levels may allow better discrimination in acute coronary syndromes patients.

  15. Protein profile of the seminal plasma of collared peccaries (Pecari tajacu Linnaeus, 1758).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, E A A; Sousa, P C; Martins, J A M; Moreira, R A; Monteiro-Moreira, A C O; Moreno, F B M B; Oliveira, M F; Moura, A A; Silva, A R

    2014-06-01

    This study was conducted to characterize the major proteins of the peccary seminal plasma, based on the semen samples collected from nine adult and reproductively sound animals. Our approach included the use of two-dimensional electrophoresis followed by Coomassie blue staining and analysis of polypeptide maps with PDQuest Software (Bio-Rad). Proteins were identified by tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). We detected 179 protein spots per gel and 98 spots were identified by mass spectrometry, corresponding to 23 different proteins. The combined intensity of those spots accounted for 56.2±6% of the intensities of all spots and 60.9% of the intensities of spots presented in every protein map. Protein spots identified as clusterin represented 19.7±8.3% of the integrated optical densities of all spots detected in the seminal plasma maps. There was a negative association (r=-0.87; P<0.05) between the intensity of a clusterin spot and the percentage of sperm with functional membrane. Spermadhesin porcine seminal plasma protein 1 and bodhesin 2 comprised 5.4±1.9 and 8.8±3.9% of the total intensity of all spots respectively. Many proteins appeared in a polymorphic pattern, such as clusterin (27 spots), epididymal secretory glutathione peroxidase (ten spots), inter-α-trypsin inhibitor (12 spots), and IgG-binding protein (ten spots), among others. In conclusion, we presently describe the major seminal plasma proteome of the peccary, which exhibits a distinct high expression of clusterin isoforms. Knowledge of wild species reproductive biology is crucial for an understanding of their survival strategies and adaptation in a changing environment.

  16. Maternal Low Quality Protein Diet Alters Plasma Amino Acid Concentrations of Weaning Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arzu Kabasakal Cetin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Several studies have indicated the influence of a maternal low protein diet on the fetus. However, the effect of a maternal low quality protein diet on fetal growth and development is largely unknown. Wistar rats (11 weeks old were mated and maintained on either a chow diet with 20% casein (n = 6 as the control group (C, or a low quality protein diet with 20% wheat gluten (n = 7 as the experimental group (WG through gestation and lactation. Maternal body weights were similar in both groups throughout the study. Birth weights were not influenced by maternal diet and offspring body weights during lactation were similar between the groups. Offspring’s plasma amino acid profiles showed that plasma methionine, glutamine and lysine were significantly lower and aspartic acid, ornithine and glycine-proline were significantly higher in the WG. Plant based protein comprises an important part of protein intake in developing countries. It is well-known that these diets can be inadequate in terms of essential amino acids. The current study shows differential effects of a maternal low quality protein diet on the offspring’s plasma amino acids. Future studies will examine further aspects of the influence of maternal low quality protein diets on fetal growth and development.

  17. Resolving mixed mechanisms of protein subdiffusion at the T cell plasma membrane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golan, Yonatan; Sherman, Eilon

    2017-06-01

    The plasma membrane is a complex medium where transmembrane proteins diffuse and interact to facilitate cell function. Membrane protein mobility is affected by multiple mechanisms, including crowding, trapping, medium elasticity and structure, thus limiting our ability to distinguish them in intact cells. Here we characterize the mobility and organization of a short transmembrane protein at the plasma membrane of live T cells, using single particle tracking and photoactivated-localization microscopy. Protein mobility is highly heterogeneous, subdiffusive and ergodic-like. Using mobility characteristics, we segment individual trajectories into subpopulations with distinct Gaussian step-size distributions. Particles of low-to-medium mobility consist of clusters, diffusing in a viscoelastic and fractal-like medium and are enriched at the centre of the cell footprint. Particles of high mobility undergo weak confinement and are more evenly distributed. This study presents a methodological approach to resolve simultaneous mixed subdiffusion mechanisms acting on polydispersed samples and complex media such as cell membranes.

  18. Interaction of Globular Plasma Proteins with Water-Soluble CdSe Quantum Dots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pathak, Jyotsana; Rawat, Kamla; Sanwlani, Shilpa; Bohidar, H B

    2015-06-08

    The interactions between water-soluble semiconductor quantum dots [hydrophilic 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA)-coated CdSe] and three globular plasma proteins, namely, bovine serum albumin (BSA), β-lactoglobulin (β-Lg) and human serum albumin (HSA), are investigated. Acidic residues of protein molecules form electrostatic interactions with these quantum dots (QDs). To determine the stoichiometry of proteins bound to QDs, we used dynamic light scattering (DLS) and zeta potential techniques. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) experiments revealed energy transfer from tryptophan residues in the proteins to the QD particles. Quenching of the intrinsic fluorescence of protein molecules was noticed during this binding process (hierarchy HSA<β-Lg protein molecules). Upon binding with QD particles, the protein molecules underwent substantial conformational changes at the secondary-structure level (50 % helicity lost), due to loss in hydration.

  19. Elevation of plasma phospholipid transfer protein increases the risk of atherosclerosis despite lower apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Lie (Jessica); M.P.G. de Crom (Rini); T. van Gent (Teus); M.J. van Haperen (Rien); L. Scheek (Leo); F. Sadeghi-Niaraki (Farah); A. van Tol (Arie)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractPlasma phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) transfers phospholipids between lipoproteins and mediates HDL conversion. PLTP-overexpressing mice have increased atherosclerosis. However, mice do not express cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP), which is involved in

  20. Membrane potential governs lateral segregation of plasma membrane proteins and lipids in yeast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossmann, Guido; Opekarová, Miroslava; Malinsky, Jan; Weig-Meckl, Ina; Tanner, Widmar

    2007-01-10

    The plasma membrane potential is mainly considered as the driving force for ion and nutrient translocation. Using the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a model organism, we have discovered a novel role of the membrane potential in the organization of the plasma membrane. Within the yeast plasma membrane, two non-overlapping sub-compartments can be visualized. The first one, represented by a network-like structure, is occupied by the proton ATPase, Pma1, and the second one, forming 300-nm patches, houses a number of proton symporters (Can1, Fur4, Tat2 and HUP1) and Sur7, a component of the recently described eisosomes. Evidence is presented that sterols, the main lipid constituent of the plasma membrane, also accumulate within the patchy compartment. It is documented that this compartmentation is highly dependent on the energization of the membrane. Plasma membrane depolarization causes reversible dispersion of the H(+)-symporters, not however of the Sur7 protein. Mitochondrial mutants, affected in plasma membrane energization, show a significantly lower degree of membrane protein segregation. In accordance with these observations, depolarized membranes also considerably change their physical properties (detergent sensitivity).

  1. Reticulomics: Protein-Protein Interaction Studies with Two Plasmodesmata-Localized Reticulon Family Proteins Identify Binding Partners Enriched at Plasmodesmata, Endoplasmic Reticulum, and the Plasma Membrane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kriechbaumer, Verena; Botchway, Stanley W; Slade, Susan E; Knox, Kirsten; Frigerio, Lorenzo; Oparka, Karl; Hawes, Chris

    2015-11-01

    The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a ubiquitous organelle that plays roles in secretory protein production, folding, quality control, and lipid biosynthesis. The cortical ER in plants is pleomorphic and structured as a tubular network capable of morphing into flat cisternae, mainly at three-way junctions, and back to tubules. Plant reticulon family proteins (RTNLB) tubulate the ER by dimerization and oligomerization, creating localized ER membrane tensions that result in membrane curvature. Some RTNLB ER-shaping proteins are present in the plasmodesmata (PD) proteome and may contribute to the formation of the desmotubule, the axial ER-derived structure that traverses primary PD. Here, we investigate the binding partners of two PD-resident reticulon proteins, RTNLB3 and RTNLB6, that are located in primary PD at cytokinesis in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum). Coimmunoprecipitation of green fluorescent protein-tagged RTNLB3 and RTNLB6 followed by mass spectrometry detected a high percentage of known PD-localized proteins as well as plasma membrane proteins with putative membrane-anchoring roles. Förster resonance energy transfer by fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy assays revealed a highly significant interaction of the detected PD proteins with the bait RTNLB proteins. Our data suggest that RTNLB proteins, in addition to a role in ER modeling, may play important roles in linking the cortical ER to the plasma membrane.

  2. Decreased Bacterial Attachment and Protein Adsorption to Coatings Produced by Low Enegy Plasma Polymerization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, T.E.; Kingshott, Peter; Benter, M.

    with a surface less prone to the adsorption of biological matter. In the current study two different hydrophilic nanoscale coatings were produced by low energy plasma polymerization [3] and investigated· f()rl()w ... pr()tein adsorption and bacterial attachment properties. Methods were setup to enable...... and Methods: Coatings: Plasma polymerized poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PP-PVP), poly(2-methoxyethyl methacrylate) (PPPMEA) or an inorganic oxide (10) coating were applied onto medical grade silicon rubber sheets (Silopren LSR 2050, Momentive Performance Materials Inc.). Plasma polymerization chamber......-coated crystals were then treated with one of the plasma polymerized coatings. Adsorption of fibrinogen, human serum albumin or immunoglobulin G was measured using a QCM-D instrument [5] (model E4, Q-Sense AB, Vastra Frolunda, Sweden) using a solution of 50llg/1 protein in PBS buffer. Results and Discussion: Our...

  3. Adsorbed plasma proteins modulate the effects of single-walled carbon nanotubes on neutrophils in blood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vlasova, Irina I; Mikhalchik, Elena V; Barinov, Nikolay A; Kostevich, Valeria A; Smolina, Natalia V; Klinov, Dmitry V; Sokolov, Alexey V

    2016-08-01

    Proteins adsorbed on a surface may affect the interaction of this surface with cells. Here, we studied the binding of human serum albumin (HSA), fibrinogen (FBG) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) to PEGylated single-walled carbon nanotubes (PEG-SWCNTs) and evaluated the impact of PEG-SWCNT treated by these proteins on neutrophils in whole blood samples. Measurements of adsorption parameters revealed tight binding of proteins to PEG-SWCNTs. AFM was employed to directly observe protein binding to sidewalls of PEG-SWCNTs. Fluorescein-labeled IgG was used to ascertain the stability of PEG-SWCNT-IgG complexes in plasma. In blood samples, all plasma proteins mitigated damage of neutrophils observed just after blood exposure to PEG-SWCNTs, while only treatment of PEG-SWCNTs with IgG resulted in dose- and time-dependent enhancement of CNT-induced neutrophil activation and in potentiation of oxidative stress. Our study demonstrates the ability of adsorbed plasma proteins to influence neutrophil response caused by PEG-SWCNTs in whole blood.

  4. Differential proteomics of human seminal plasma: A potential target for searching male infertility marker proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomar, Anil Kumar; Sooch, Balwinder Singh; Singh, Sarman; Yadav, Savita

    2012-04-01

    The clinical fertility tests, available in the market, fail to define the exact cause of male infertility in almost half of the cases and point toward a crucial need of developing better ways of infertility investigations. The protein biomarkers may help us toward better understanding of unknown cases of male infertility that, in turn, can guide us to find better therapeutic solutions. Many clinical attempts have been made to identify biomarkers of male infertility in sperm proteome but only few studies have targeted seminal plasma. Human seminal plasma is a rich source of proteins that are essentially required for development of sperm and successful fertilization. This viewpoint article highlights the importance of human seminal plasma proteome in reproductive physiology and suggests that differential proteomics integrated with functional analysis may help us in searching potential biomarkers of male infertility.

  5. A cell-free assay to determine the stoichiometry of plasma membrane proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trigo, Cesar; Vivar, Juan P; Gonzalez, Carlos B; Brauchi, Sebastian

    2013-04-01

    Plasma membrane receptors, transporters, and ion channel molecules are often found as oligomeric structures that participate in signaling cascades essential for cell survival. Different states of protein oligomerization may play a role in functional control and allosteric regulation. Stochastic GFP-photobleaching (SGP) has emerged as an affordable and simple method to determine the stoichiometry of proteins at the plasma membrane. This non-invasive optical approach can be useful for total internal reflection of fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM), where signal-to-noise ratio is very high at the plasma membrane. Here, we report an alternative methodology implemented on a standard laser scanning confocal microscope (LSCM). The simplicity of our method will allow for its implementation in any epifluorescence microscope of choice.

  6. METHODS OF DETECTING PREGNANCY-ASSOCIATED PLASMA PROTEIN-A2 (PAPP-A2)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    The present invention provides pregnancy associated plasma protein A2 (PAPP-A2), its nucleotide and amino acid sequences, antisense molecules to the nucleotide sequences which encode PAPP-A2, expression vectors for the production of purified PAPP-A2, antibodies capable of binding specifically...

  7. PREGNANCY-ASSOCIATED PLASMA PROTEIN-A2 (PAPP-A2) POLYNUCLEOTIDES

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    The present invention provides pregnancy associated plasma protein A2 (PAPP-A2), its nucleotide and amino acid sequences antisense molecules to the nucleotide sequences which encode PAPP-A2, expression vectors for the production of purified PAPP-A2, antibodies capable of binding specifically...

  8. Differential dissociation micromethod for the investigation of binding of metandrostenolone (Nerobol) to plasma proteins

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bojadzsieva, M.; Kocsar, L. (Orszagos Frederic Joliot-Curie Sugarbiologiai es Sugaregeszseguegyi Kutato Intezet, Budapest (Hungary)); Kremmer, T. (Orszagos Onkologiai Intezet, Budapest (Hungary))

    1985-01-01

    A micromethod was developed to determine the binding of anabolic steroids to plasma proteins. The new procedure combines precipitation with ammonium sulphate and differential dissociation. The binding parameters (association constant, specific binding capacity) are calculated on the basis of dissociation curves of sup(3)H-metandrostenolone from the precipitated sexual binding globuline.

  9. METHODS OF DETECTING PREGNANCY-ASSOCIATED PLASMA PROTEIN-A2 (PAPP-A2)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    The present invention provides pregnancy associated plasma protein A2 (PAPP-A2), its nucleotide and amino acid sequences, antisense molecules to the nucleotide sequences which encode PAPP-A2, expression vectors for the production of purified PAPP-A2, antibodies capable of binding specifically...

  10. PLASMA PROTEIN PROFILING AS A HIGH THROUGHPUT TOOL FOR CHEMICAL SCREENING USING A SMALL FISH MODEL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hudson, R. Tod, Michael J. Hemmer, Kimberly A. Salinas, Sherry S. Wilkinson, James Watts, James T. Winstead, Peggy S. Harris, Amy Kirkpatrick and Calvin C. Walker. In press. Plasma Protein Profiling as a High Throughput Tool for Chemical Screening Using a Small Fish Model (Abstra...

  11. Binding of von Willebrand factor and plasma proteins to the eggshell of Schistosoma mansoni

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dewalick, Saskia; Hensbergen, Paul J; Bexkens, Michiel L; Grosserichter-Wagener, Christina; Hokke, Cornelis H; Deelder, André M; de Groot, Philip G; Tielens, Aloysius G M; van Hellemond, Jaap J

    2014-01-01

    Schistosoma mansoni eggs have to cross the endothelium and intestinal wall to leave the host and continue the life cycle. Mechanisms involved in this essential step are largely unknown. Here we describe direct binding to the S. mansoni eggshell of von Willebrand factor and other plasma proteins invo

  12. Binding of von Willebrand factor and plasma proteins to the eggshell of Schistosoma mansoni

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dewalick, Saskia; Hensbergen, Paul J; Bexkens, Michiel L; Grosserichter-Wagener, Christina; Hokke, Cornelis H; Deelder, André M; de Groot, Philip G; Tielens, Aloysius G M; van Hellemond, Jaap J

    Schistosoma mansoni eggs have to cross the endothelium and intestinal wall to leave the host and continue the life cycle. Mechanisms involved in this essential step are largely unknown. Here we describe direct binding to the S. mansoni eggshell of von Willebrand factor and other plasma proteins

  13. Heterogeneity of Arabinogalactan-Proteins on the Plasma Membrane of Rose Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serpe, M. D.; Nothnagel, E. A.

    1996-11-01

    Arabinogalactan-proteins (AGPs) have been purified from the plasma membrane of suspension-cultured Paul's Scarlet rose (Rosa sp.) cells. The two most abundant and homogeneous plasma membrane AGP fractions were named plasma membrane AGP1 (PM-AGP1) and plasma membrane AGP2 (PM-AGP2) and had apparent molecular masses of 140 and 217 kD, respectively. Both PM-AGP1 and PM-AGP2 had [beta]-(1-3)-, [beta]-(1,6)-, and [beta]-(1,3,6)-galactopyranosyl residues, predominantly terminal [alpha]-arabinofuranosyl residues, and (1,4)- and terminal glucuronopyranosyl residues. The protein moieties of PM-AGP1 and PM-AGP2 were both rich in hydroxyproline, alanine, and serine, but differed in the abundance of hydroxyproline, which was 1.6 times higher in PM-AGP2 than in PM-AGP1. Another difference was the overall protein content, which was 3.7% (w/w) in PM-AGP1 and 15% in PM-AGP2. As judged by their behavior on reverse-phase chromatography, PM-AGP1 and PM-AGP2 were not more hydrophobic than AGPs from the cell wall or culture medium. In contrast, a minor plasma membrane AGP fraction eluted later on reverse-phase chromatography and was more negatively charged at pH 5 than either PM-AGP1 or PM-AGP2. The more negatively charged fraction contained molecules with a glycosyl composition characteristic of AGPs and included at least two different macromolecules. The results of this investigation indicate that Rosa plasma membrane contains at least four distinct AGPs or AGP-like molecules. These molecules differed from each other in size, charge, hydrophobicity, amino-acyl composition, and/or protein content.

  14. Determination of plasma protein synthesis index in liver diseases by means of /sup 75/Se-selenomethionine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pirwitz, B. (Centrum Medyczne Ksztalcenia Podyplomowego, Warsaw (Poland))

    1979-01-01

    The investigations were carried out in 96 patients with chronic liver diseases and 44 controls. After intravenous administration of /sup 75/Se-selenomethionine plasma and plasma-protein radioactivity was measured at intervals of 2 hours. On the basis of these measurements the index of plasma protein synthesis rate was determined. It was found that the index of plasma protein synthesis in liver cirrhosis was significantly decreased in an overwhelming number of cases in relation to controls. On the other hand, in liver neoplasms this index was statistically significantly increased. It is possible that this fact will be used in future for differential diagnosis.

  15. Easy measurement of diffusion coefficients of EGFP-tagged plasma membrane proteins using k-space Image Correlation Spectroscopy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Eva Arnspang; Koffman, Jennifer Skaarup; Marlar, Saw

    2014-01-01

    Lateral diffusion and compartmentalization of plasma membrane proteins are tightly regulated in cells and thus, studying these processes will reveal new insights to plasma membrane protein function and regulation. Recently, k-Space Image Correlation Spectroscopy (kICS)1 was developed to enable ro...

  16. Pregnancy associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) is not a marker of the vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iversen, Kasper; Teisner, Ane; Dalager, Soren

    2011-01-01

    To investigate if pregnancy associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) was present in the vulnerable plaque, and if not, to find alternative hypothesis for the release of PAPP-A.......To investigate if pregnancy associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) was present in the vulnerable plaque, and if not, to find alternative hypothesis for the release of PAPP-A....

  17. Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A, a marker for outcome in patients suspected for acute coronary syndrome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iversen, Kasper; Dalsgaard, Morten; Teisner, Ane S

    2010-01-01

    To examine if pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) in patients with chest pain, could identify patients at risk for death or myocardial infarction.......To examine if pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) in patients with chest pain, could identify patients at risk for death or myocardial infarction....

  18. Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A, a marker for outcome in patients suspected for acute coronary syndrome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iversen, Kasper K; Dalsgaard, Morten; Teisner, Ane S;

    2010-01-01

    To examine if pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) in patients with chest pain, could identify patients at risk for death or myocardial infarction.......To examine if pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) in patients with chest pain, could identify patients at risk for death or myocardial infarction....

  19. Coarse-grained model of adsorption of blood plasma proteins onto nanoparticles

    CERN Document Server

    Lopez, Hender

    2016-01-01

    We present a coarse-grained model for evaluation of interactions of globular proteins with nanoparticles. The protein molecules are represented by one bead per aminoacid and the nanoparticle by a homogeneous sphere that interacts with the aminoacids via a central force that depends on the nanoparticle size. The proposed methodology is used to predict the adsorption energies for six common human blood plasma proteins on hydrophobic charged or neutral nanoparticles of different sizes as well as the preferred orientation of the molecules upon adsorption. Our approach allows one to rank the proteins by their binding affinity to the nanoparticle, which can be used for predicting the composition of the NP-protein corona. The predicted ranking is in good agreement with known experimental data for protein adsorption on surfaces.

  20. Plasma membrane domains enriched in cortical endoplasmic reticulum function as membrane protein trafficking hubs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Philip D; Haberkorn, Christopher J; Weigel, Aubrey V; Higgins, Jenny L; Akin, Elizabeth J; Kennedy, Matthew J; Krapf, Diego; Tamkun, Michael M

    2013-09-01

    In mammalian cells, the cortical endoplasmic reticulum (cER) is a network of tubules and cisterns that lie in close apposition to the plasma membrane (PM). We provide evidence that PM domains enriched in underlying cER function as trafficking hubs for insertion and removal of PM proteins in HEK 293 cells. By simultaneously visualizing cER and various transmembrane protein cargoes with total internal reflectance fluorescence microscopy, we demonstrate that the majority of exocytotic delivery events for a recycled membrane protein or for a membrane protein being delivered to the PM for the first time occur at regions enriched in cER. Likewise, we observed recurring clathrin clusters and functional endocytosis of PM proteins preferentially at the cER-enriched regions. Thus the cER network serves to organize the molecular machinery for both insertion and removal of cell surface proteins, highlighting a novel role for these unique cellular microdomains in membrane trafficking.

  1. Protein receptor-independent plasma membrane remodeling by HAMLET

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nadeem, Aftab; Sanborn, Jeremy; Gettel, Douglas L.

    2015-01-01

    in signal transduction. Here, we propose that membrane perturbation may serve as an alternative mechanism to activate a conserved cell-death program in cancer cells. This view emerges from the extraordinary manner in which HAMLET (Human Alpha-lactalbumin Made LEthal to Tumor cells) kills a wide range...... of tumor cells in vitro and demonstrates therapeutic efficacy and selectivity in cancer models and clinical studies. We identify a "receptor independent" transformation of vesicular motifs in model membranes, which is paralleled by gross remodeling of tumor cell membranes. Furthermore, we find that HAMLET...... accumulates within these de novo membrane conformations and define membrane blebs as cellular compartments for direct interactions of HAMLET with essential target proteins such as the Ras family of GTPases. Finally, we demonstrate lower sensitivity of healthy cell membranes to HAMLET challenge. These features...

  2. Protein receptor-independent plasma membrane remodeling by HAMLET

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nadeem, Aftab; Sanborn, Jeremy; Gettel, Douglas L.;

    2015-01-01

    A central tenet of signal transduction in eukaryotic cells is that extra-cellular ligands activate specific cell surface receptors, which orchestrate downstream responses. This "protein-centric" view is increasingly challenged by evidence for the involvement of specialized membrane domains...... in signal transduction. Here, we propose that membrane perturbation may serve as an alternative mechanism to activate a conserved cell-death program in cancer cells. This view emerges from the extraordinary manner in which HAMLET (Human Alpha-lactalbumin Made LEthal to Tumor cells) kills a wide range...... of tumor cells in vitro and demonstrates therapeutic efficacy and selectivity in cancer models and clinical studies. We identify a "receptor independent" transformation of vesicular motifs in model membranes, which is paralleled by gross remodeling of tumor cell membranes. Furthermore, we find that HAMLET...

  3. Heterogeneous interactome between Litopenaeus vannamei plasma proteins and Vibrio parahaemolyticus outer membrane proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiang; She, Xin-Tao; Zhu, Qing-Feng; Li, Hui; Peng, Xuan-Xian

    2013-01-01

    A great loss has been suffered by microbial infectious diseases under intensive shrimp farming in recent years. In this background, the understanding of shrimp innate immunity becomes an importantly scientific issue, but little is known about the heterogeneous protein-protein interaction between pathogenic cells and hosts, which is a key step for the invading microbes to infect internet organs through bloodstream. In the present study, bacterial outer membrane (OM) protein array and pull-down approaches are used to isolate both Vibrio parahaemolyticus OM proteins that bind to shrimp serum proteins and the shrimp serum proteins that interact with bacterial cells, respectively. Three interacting shrimp serum proteins, hemocyanin, β-1,3-glucan binding protein and LV_HP_RA36F08r and thirty interacting OM proteins were determined. They form 63 heterogeneous protein-protein interactions. Nine out of the 30 OM proteins were randomly demonstrated to be up-regulated or down-regulated when bacterial cells were cultured with shrimp sera, indicating the biological significance of the network. The interesting findings uncover the complexity of struggle between host immunity and bacterial infection. Compared with our previous report on heterogeneous interactome between fish grill and bacterial OM proteins, the present study further extends the investigation from lower vertebrates to invertebrates and develops a bacterial OM protein array to identify the OM proteins bound with shrimp serum proteins, which elevates the frequencies of the bound OM proteins. Our results highlight the way to determine and understand the heterogeneous interaction between hosts and microbes.

  4. Capillary high-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometric analysis of proteins from affinity-purified plasma membrane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yingxin; Zhang, Wei; White, Michael A; Zhao, Yingming

    2003-08-01

    Proteomics analysis of plasma membranes is a potentially powerful strategy for the discovery of proteins involved in membrane remodeling under diverse cellular environments and identification of disease-specific membrane markers. A key factor for successful analysis is the preparation of plasma membrane fractions with low contamination from subcellular organelles. Here we report the characterization of plasma membrane prepared by an affinity-purification method, which involves biotinylation of cell-surface proteins and subsequent affinity enrichment with strepavidin beads. Western blotting analysis showed this method was able to achieve a 1600-fold relative enrichment of plasma membrane versus mitochondria and a 400-fold relative enrichment versus endoplasmic reticulum, two major contaminants in plasma membrane fractions prepared by conventional ultracentrifugation methods. Capillary-HPLC/MS analysis of 30 microg of affinity-purified plasma membrane proteins led to the identification of 918 unique proteins, which include 16.4% integral plasma membrane proteins and 45.5% cytosol proteins (including 8.6% membrane-associated proteins). Notable among the identified membrane proteins include 30 members of ras superfamily, receptors (e.g., EGF receptor, integrins), and signaling molecules. The low number of endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria proteins (approximately 3.3% of the total) suggests the plasma membrane preparation has minimum contamination from these organelles. Given the importance of integral membrane proteins for drug design and membrane-associated proteins in the regulation cellular behaviors, the described approach will help expedite the characterization of plasma membrane subproteomes, identify signaling molecules, and discover therapeutic membrane-protein targets in diseases.

  5. GPI-anchored proteins do not reside in ordered domains in the live cell plasma membrane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sevcsik, Eva; Brameshuber, Mario; Fölser, Martin; Weghuber, Julian; Honigmann, Alf; Schütz, Gerhard J.

    2015-04-01

    The organization of proteins and lipids in the plasma membrane has been the subject of a long-lasting debate. Membrane rafts of higher lipid chain order were proposed to mediate protein interactions, but have thus far not been directly observed. Here we use protein micropatterning combined with single-molecule tracking to put current models to the test: we rearranged lipid-anchored raft proteins (glycosylphosphatidylinositol(GPI)-anchored-mGFP) directly in the live cell plasma membrane and measured the effect on the local membrane environment. Intriguingly, this treatment does neither nucleate the formation of an ordered membrane phase nor result in any enrichment of nanoscopic-ordered domains within the micropatterned regions. In contrast, we find that immobilized mGFP-GPIs behave as inert obstacles to the diffusion of other membrane constituents without influencing their membrane environment over distances beyond their physical size. Our results indicate that phase partitioning is not a fundamental element of protein organization in the plasma membrane.

  6. Prolonging the plasma circulation of proteins by nano-encapsulation with phosphorylcholine-based polymer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Linlin Zhang; Yang Liu; Gan Liu; Duo Xu; Sheng Liang; Xinyuan Zhu; Yunfeng Lu

    2016-01-01

    Short in vivo circulation is a major hindrance to the widespread adoption of protein therapeutics.Protein nanocapsules generated by encapsulating proteins with a thin layer of phosphorylcholine-based polymer via a two-step encapsulation process exhibited significantly prolonged plasma half-life.Furthermore,by constructing nanocapsules with similar sizes but different surface charges and chemistry,we demonstrated a generic strategy for prolonging the plasma half-life of therapeutic proteins.In an in vitro experiment,four types of bovine serum albumin (BSA) nanocapsules were incubated with fetal bovine serum (FBS) in phosphate buffer saline (PBS);the cell uptake by HeLa cells was monitored to systematically evaluate the characteristics of the surface chemistry during drculation.Single positron emission tomography-computed tomography (SPECT)was employed to allow real-time observation of the BSA nanoparticle distribution in vivo,as well as quantification of the plasma concentration after intravenous administration.This study offers a practical method for translating a broad range of proteins for clinical use.

  7. An early nodulin-like protein accumulates in the sieve element plasma membrane of Arabidopsis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Khan, Junaid A.; Wang, Qi; Sjölund, Richard D.

    2007-01-01

    Membrane proteins within the sieve element-companion cell complex have essential roles in the physiological functioning of the phloem. The monoclonal antibody line RS6, selected from hybridomas raised against sieve elements isolated from California shield leaf (Streptanthus tortuosus; Brassicaceae......) tissue cultures, recognizes an antigen in the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) ecotype Columbia that is associated specifically with the plasma membrane of sieve elements, but not companion cells, and accumulates at the earliest stages of sieve element differentiation. The identity of the RS6 antigen...... from the precursor protein, resulting in a mature peptide of approximately 15 kD that is attached to the sieve element plasma membrane via a carboxy-terminal glycosylphosphatidylinositol membrane anchor. Many of the Arabidopsis ENOD-like proteins accumulate in gametophytic tissues, whereas in both...

  8. Prion removal capacity of plasma protein manufacturing processes: a data collection from PPTA member companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Kang; Gröner, Albrecht; Dichtelmüller, Herbert O; Fabbrizzi, Fabrizio; Flechsig, Eckhard; Gajardo, Rodrigo; von Hoegen, Ilka; Jorquera, Juan I; Kempf, Christoph; Kreil, Thomas R; Lee, Douglas C; Moscardini, Mila; Pölsler, Gerhard; Roth, Nathan J

    2013-09-01

    The variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease incidence peaked a decade ago and has since declined. Based on epidemiologic evidence, the causative agent, pathogenic prion, has not constituted a tangible contamination threat to large-scale manufacturing of human plasma-derived proteins. Nonetheless, manufacturers have studied the prion removal capabilities of various manufacturing steps to better understand product safety. Collectively analyzing the results could reveal experimental reproducibility and detect trends and mechanisms driving prion removal. Plasma Protein Therapeutics Association member companies collected more than 200 prion removal studies on plasma protein manufacturing steps, including precipitation, adsorption, chromatography, and filtration, as well as combined steps. The studies used a range of model spiking agents and bench-scale process replicas. The results were grouped based on key manufacturing variables to identify factors impacting removal. The log reduction values of a group are presented for comparison. Overall prion removal capacities evaluated by independent groups were in good agreement. The removal capacity evaluated using biochemical assays was consistent with prion infectivity removal measured by animal bioassays. Similar reduction values were observed for a given step using various spiking agents, except highly purified prion protein in some circumstances. Comparison between combined and single-step studies revealed complementary or overlapping removal mechanisms. Steps with high removal capacities represent the conditions where the physiochemical differences between prions and therapeutic proteins are most significant. The results support the intrinsic ability of certain plasma protein manufacturing steps to remove prions in case of an unlikely contamination, providing a safeguard to products. © 2012 American Association of Blood Banks.

  9. Whey protein supplementation increases methionine intake but not homocysteine plasma concentration in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deminice, Rafael; Comparotto, Hugo; Jordao, Alceu Afonso

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of whey protein supplementation on homocysteine (Hcy) metabolism and liver oxidative stress in rats. Twenty-four rats were divided into 3 groups (n = 8) to receive one of the following diets for 4 weeks: control diet (C), whey protein-composed diet (WP), and whey protein-supplemented diet (WPS). The C and WP diets consisted of AIN-93 with 20% casein and 20% whey protein as protein source, respectively. WPS was AIN-93 (20% casein) supplemented by the addition of 20% (w/w) whey protein. Four weeks of ingesting a WPS diet resulted in a significantly higher (P protein and methionine intakes. Although a significant increase (P protein products, known liver oxidative stress markers, were increased in the WPS group compared with the C group. In addition, no change in glutathione liver concentration was observed in any of the groups studied. In conclusion, whey protein supplementation increases methionine intake substantially; however, it does not change plasma Hcy concentrations. On the other hand, increased hepatic oxidative stress markers were observed in whey protein supplemented rats were probably due to high protein intake.

  10. Plasma urea nitrogen and progesterone concentrations and follicular dynamics in ewes fed proteins of different degradability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Bianchi Lazarin

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The effects of overfeeding with protein of different degradability on body condition, plasma urea nitrogen and progesterone concentrations, ovulation number and follicular dynamics were assessed in Santa Ines ewes. Twelve ewes were assigned to a randomized block design according to body weight and received overfeeding with soybean meal or with corn gluten meal or maintenance diet for 28 days before ovulation and during the next estrous cycle. Blood samples were taken on days 7, 14, 21, and 28 after the beginning of treatments for analysis of plasma urea nitrogen and on days 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15 into the estrous cycle for analysis of plasma urea nitrogen and progesterone. Follicular dynamics was monitored daily by ultrasound during one estrous cycle. Dry matter and crude protein intake, weight gain, plasma urea nitrogen concentration before ovulation, number of ovulations, diameter of the largest follicle of the 1st and of the 2nd waves and the growth rate of the largest follicle of the 1st wave were higher in the ewes that received overfeeding. The growth rate of the largest follicle of the 3rd wave was higher in the ewes fed maintenance diet. The back fat thickness, plasma urea nitrogen before ovulation and progesterone concentrations, diameter of the largest follicle of the 2nd wave and growth rate of the largest follicle of the 3rd wave were higher in ewes that received overfeeding with soybean meal. The growth rate of the largest follicle of the 1st wave was higher in ewes that received overfeeding with corn gluten meal. Overfeeding with protein-rich feeds may increase the ovulation number and with soybean meal, it may be effective in increasing plasma progesterone concentration in ewes.

  11. Application of plasma-polymerized films for isoelectric focusing of proteins in a capillary electrophoresis chip.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Shuo-Wen; Loughran, Michael; Hiratsuka, Atsunori; Yano, Kazuyoshi; Karube, Isao

    2003-03-01

    The first use of plasma polymerization technique to modify the surface of a glass chip for capillary isoelectric focusing (cIEF) of different proteins is reported. The electrophoresis separation channel was machined in Tempax glass chips with length 70 mm, 300 microm width and 100 microm depth. Acetonitrile and hexamethyldisiloxane monomers were used for plasma polymerization. In each case 100 nm plasma polymer films were coated onto the chip surface to reduce protein wall adsorption and minimize the electroosmotic flow. Applied voltages of 1000 V, 2000 V and 3000 V were used to separate mixtures of cytochrome c (pI 9.6), hemoglobin (pI 7.0) and phycocyanin (pI 4.65). Reproducible isoelectric focusing of each pI marker protein was observed in different coated capillaries at increasing concentration 2.22-5 microg microL(-1). Modification of the glass capillary with hydrophobic HMDS plasma polymerized films enabled rapid cIEF within 3 min. The separation efficiency of cytochrome c and phycocyanin in both acrylamide and HMDS coated capillaries corresponded to a plate number of 19600 which compares favourably with capillary electrophoresis of neurotransmitters with amperometric detection.

  12. Plasma Protein Profiles Differ Between Women Diagnosed with Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN 1 and 3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward E. Partridge

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Early detection of precancerous cells in the cervix and their clinical management is the main purpose of cervical cancer prevention and treatment programs. Cytological findings or testing for high risk (HR-human papillomavirus (HPV are inadequately sensitive for use in triage of women at high risk for cervical cancer. The current study is an exploratory study to identify candidate surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization (SELDI time of flight (TOF mass spectrometry (MS protein profiles in plasma that may distinguish cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 3 from CIN 1 among women infected with HR-HPV. We evaluated the SELDI-TOF-MS plasma protein profiles of HR-HPV positive 32 women with CIN 3 (cases and 28 women with CIN1 (controls. Case-control status was kept blinded and triplicates of each sample and quality control plasma samples were randomized and after robotic sample preparations were run on WCX2 chips. After alignment of mass/charge (m-z values, an iterative method was used to develop a classifier on a training data set that had 28 cases and 22 controls. The classifier developed was used to classify the subjects in a test data set that has six cases and six controls. The classifier separated the cases from controls in the test set with 100% sensitivity and 100% specificity suggesting the possibility of using plasma SELDI protein profiles to identify women who are likely to have CIN 3 lesions.

  13. A Comparison of Blood Factor XII Autoactivation in Buffer, Protein Cocktail, Serum, and Plasma Solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golas, Avantika; Yeh, Chyi-Huey Josh; Pitakjakpipop, Harit; Siedlecki, Christopher A.; Vogler, Erwin A.

    2012-01-01

    Activation of blood plasma coagulation in vitro by contact with material surfaces is demonstrably dependent on plasma-volume-to-activator-surface-area ratio. The only plausible explanation consistent with current understanding of coagulation-cascade biochemistry is that procoagulant stimulus arising from the activation complex of the intrinsic pathway is dependent on activator surface area. And yet, it is herein shown that activation of the blood zymogen factor XII (Hageman factor, FXII) dissolved in buffer, protein cocktail, heat-denatured serum, and FXI deficient plasma does not exhibit activator surface-area dependence. Instead, a highly-variable burst of procoagulant-enzyme yield is measured that exhibits no measurable kinetics, sensitivity to mixing, or solution-temperature dependence. Thus, FXII activation in both buffer and protein-containing solutions does not exhibit characteristics of a biochemical reaction but rather appears to be a “mechanochemical” reaction induced by FXII molecule interactions with hydrophilic activator particles that do not formally adsorb blood proteins from solution. Results of this study strongly suggest that activator surface-area dependence observed in contact activation of plasma coagulation does not solely arise at the FXII activation step of the intrinsic pathway. PMID:23117212

  14. May modifications of human plasma proteins stimulated by homocysteine and its thiolactone induce changes of hemostatic function of plasma in vitro?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olas, Beata; Kołodziejczyk, Joanna; Malinowska, Joanna

    2010-06-01

    Homocysteine (Hcys) may be implicated in different diseases, especially in cardiovascular illnesses. The most reactive form of Hcys is its cyclic thioester-homocysteine thiolactone (HTL), which is formed in plasma and represents up to 0.29% of plasma total Hcys. Recently, it has been observed that Hcys and HTL may modify plasma proteins, including albumin, hemoglobin or fibrinogen, but the role of this process is not yet well known. The aim of our study in vitro was to investigate the modifications of human plasma total proteins after incubation with the reduced form of Hcys in concentrations 10-100 micromol/l, and HTL in concentrations 1-0.1 micromol/l, which correspond to levels found in human plasma during hyperhomocysteinemia in vivo. The aim of our study was also to explain the effects of Hcys and HTL on coagulation activity of human plasma. We showed that in model system in vitro Hcys and HTL change the level of thiol, amino and carbonyl groups in plasma total proteins. Moreover, our studies reported that not only Hcys (10-100 micromol/l), but also HTL (at lower concentrations than Hcys) modulates the coagulation properties of human plasma.

  15. Protein composition in human plasma after long-term orbital missions and in rodent plasma after spaceflights on biosatellites "Cosmos-1887" and "Cosmos-2044".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larina, O N

    1991-02-01

    The two-dimensional plasma protein map of crewmembers of long-duration "Mir" expeditions obtained the day after the recovery shows a manifold increase in the content of several proteins normally seen in trace amounts. The emergence of several unusual protein spots occurs as well, some of them probably due to charge shifts provided by the events influencing posttranslational modification processes. By the 8 postflight day these phenomena were disappeared. In the "Cosmos-1887" biosatellite experiment, the plasma samples obtained two days after the landing as well as plasma of synchronous animals exhibited the higher fibrinogen levels when compared to those of vivarium animals. The protein consisting of a number of fractions with molecular weight of 50 to 60 kD and pI 5 to 6 had protein spots of similar size in flight and synchronous animals while in vivarium rats one of the spots was larger in size as opposed to the others. The plasma protein spectrum of flight and synchronous groups of animals in "Cosmos-1887" experiment where plasma samples were prepared in the period of time from 5 to 10 hours after spaceflight coincided with the pattern of vivarium animals. The data suggest that the protein changes described above develop during postflight period and accelerations, vibrations, readaptation to 1 G gravity, emotional stress could be the cause of these alterations.

  16. Ovulation-inducing factor: a protein component of llama seminal plasma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huanca Wilfredo

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Previously, we documented the presence of ovulation-inducing factor (OIF in the seminal plasma of llamas and alpacas. The purpose of the study was to define the biochemical characteristics of the molecule(s in seminal plasma responsible for inducing ovulation. Methods In Experiment 1, llama seminal plasma was centrifuged using filtration devices with nominal molecular mass cut-offs of 30, 10 and 5 kDa. Female llamas (n = 9 per group were treated i.m. with whole seminal plasma (positive control, phosphate-buffered saline (negative control, or the fraction of seminal plasma equal or higher than 30 kDa, 10 to 30 kDa, 5 to 10 kDa, or Results In Experiment 1, all llamas in the equal or higher than 30 kDa and positive control groups ovulated (9/9 in each, but none ovulated in the other groups (P Conclusions We conclude that ovulation-inducing factor (OIF in llama seminal plasma is a protein molecule that is resistant to heat and enzymatic digestion with proteinase K, and has a molecular mass of approximately equal or higher than 30 kDa.

  17. Triton X-114 cloud point extraction to subfractionate blood plasma proteins for two-dimensional gel electrophoresis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jessen, Flemming; Wulff, Tune

    2015-09-15

    A simple and reproducible procedure for enrichment of a plasma protein subfraction suitable for two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2DE) was developed, using a Triton X-114-based cloud point extraction (CPE). Appropriate conditions for such a CPE procedure were found by SDS-PAGE to be a plasma protein concentration of about 10mg/ml in 3% (w/v) Triton X-114. 2DE of proteins obtained by CPE of 400 μl of human plasma revealed about 200 spots constituting a spot pattern very different from the pattern of total plasma. The CPE procedure only had a limited contribution to the technical variation. Identification of about 60 spots, representing only 22 proteins, revealed that several proteins in the obtained subfraction were present in more isoforms or modifications. Among these were apolipoproteins (A-1, D, E, L1, and M), haptoglobin-related protein, phosphatidylcholine-sterol acyltransferase, serum amyloid A, and serum paraoxonase/arylesterase 1, which are proteins of a hydrophobic nature, as in plasma they relate to lipoprotein particles. Thus, Triton X-114-based CPE is a simple plasma prefractionation tool, attractive for detailed 2DE studies of hydrophobic plasma proteins and their isoforms or modifications.

  18. Determination of protein carbonyls in plasma, cell extracts, tissue homogenates, isolated proteins: Focus on sample preparation and derivatization conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Daniela; Davies, Michael J; Grune, Tilman

    2015-08-01

    Protein oxidation is involved in regulatory physiological events as well as in damage to tissues and is thought to play a key role in the pathophysiology of diseases and in the aging process. Protein-bound carbonyls represent a marker of global protein oxidation, as they are generated by multiple different reactive oxygen species in blood, tissues and cells. Sample preparation and stabilization are key steps in the accurate quantification of oxidation-related products and examination of physiological/pathological processes. This review therefore focuses on the sample preparation processes used in the most relevant methods to detect protein carbonyls after derivatization with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine with an emphasis on measurement in plasma, cells, organ homogenates, isolated proteins and organelles. Sample preparation, derivatization conditions and protein handling are presented for the spectrophotometric and HPLC method as well as for immunoblotting and ELISA. An extensive overview covering these methods in previously published articles is given for researchers who plan to measure protein carbonyls in different samples.

  19. Plasma membrane protein trafficking in plant-microbe interactions: a plant cell point of view

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie eLeborgne-Castel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to ensure their physiological and cellular functions, plasma membrane (PM proteins must be properly conveyed from their site of synthesis, i.e. the endoplasmic reticulum, to their final destination, the PM, through the secretory pathway. PM protein homeostasis also relies on recycling and/or degradation, two processes that are initiated by endocytosis. Vesicular membrane trafficking events to and from the PM have been shown to be altered when plant cells are exposed to mutualistic or pathogenic microbes. In this review, we will describe the fine-tune regulation of such alterations, and their consequence in PM protein activity. We will consider the formation of intracellular perimicrobial compartments, the PM protein trafficking machinery of the host, and the delivery or retrieval of signaling and transport proteins such as pattern-recognition receptors, producers of reactive oxygen species, and sugar transporters.

  20. Proteomic analysis identifies interleukin 11 regulated plasma membrane proteins in human endometrial epithelial cells in vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanton Peter G

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background During the peri-implantation period, the embryo adheres to an adequately prepared or receptive endometrial surface epithelium. Abnormal embryo adhesion to the endometrium results in embryo implantation failure and infertility. Endometrial epithelial cell plasma membrane proteins critical in regulating adhesion may potentially be infertility biomarkers or targets for treating infertility. Interleukin (IL 11 regulates human endometrial epithelial cells (hEEC adhesion. Its production is abnormal in women with infertility. The objective of the study was to identify IL11 regulated plasma membrane proteins in hEEC in vitro using a proteomic approach. Methods Using a 2D-differential in-gel electrophoresis (DIGE electrophoresis combined with LCMS/MS mass spectrometry approach, we identified 20 unique plasma membrane proteins differentially regulated by IL11 in ECC-1 cells, a hEEC derived cell line. Two IL11 regulated proteins with known roles in cell adhesion, annexin A2 (ANXA2 and flotillin-1 (FLOT1, were validated by Western blot and immunocytochemistry in hEEC lines (ECC-1 and an additional cell line, Ishikawa and primary hEEC. Flotilin-1 was further validated by immunohistochemistry in human endometrium throughout the menstrual cycle (n = 6-8/cycle. Results 2D-DIGE analysis identified 4 spots that were significantly different between control and IL11 treated group. Of these 4 spots, there were 20 proteins that were identified with LCMS/MS. Two proteins; ANXA2 and FLOT1 were chosen for further analyses and have found to be significantly up-regulated following IL11 treatment. Western blot analysis showed a 2-fold and a 2.5-fold increase of ANXA2 in hEEC membrane fraction of ECC-1 and Ishikawa cells respectively. Similarly, a 1.8-fold and a 2.3/2.4-fold increase was also observed for FLOT1 in hEEC membrane fraction of ECC-1 and Ishikawa cells respectively. In vitro, IL11 induced stronger ANXA2 expression on cell surface of primary h

  1. Longitudinal changes in C-reactive protein, proform of eosinophil major basic protein, and pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A during weight changes in obese children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lausten-Thomsen, Ulrik; Gamborg, Michael; Bøjsøe, Christine

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is associated with several complications, including cardiovascular comorbidity. Several biomarkers, such as high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), proform of eosinophil major basic protein (Pro-MBP) and pregnancy associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), have equally...... been linked to increased cardiovascular susceptibility. This study investigates these biomarkers during weight loss and regain in obese children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A longitudinal study during a 12-week weight loss program with a 28 months follow-up was conducted. Anthropometrics and plasma......), and 2.70 (girls) were included. Ninety children completed the weight loss program and 68 children entered the follow-up program. Pro-MBP and PAPP-A, but not hs-CRP, exhibited individual-specific levels (tracking) during weight loss and regain. The PAPP-A/Pro-MBP correlation was strong, whereas the hs...

  2. Proteomic Analysis of Rice Plasma Membrane-associated Proteins in Response to Chitooligosaccharide Elicitors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fang Chen; Qun Li; Zuhua He

    2007-01-01

    Chitooligomers or chitooligosaccharides (COS) are elicitors that bind to the plasma membrane (PM) and elicit various defense responses. However, the PM-bound proteins involved in elicitor-mediated plant defense responses still remain widely unknown. In order to get more information about PM proteins involved in rice defense responses, we conducted PM proteomic analysis of the rice suspension cells elicited by COS. A total of 14 up- or down-regulated protein spots were observed on 2-D gels of PM fractions at 12 h and 24 h after COS incubation. Of them, eight protein spots were successfully identified by MS (mass spectrography) and predicted to be associated to the PM and function in plant defense, including a putative PKN/PRK1 protein kinase, a putative pyruvate kinase isozyme G, a putative zinc finger protein, a putative MAR-binding protein MFP1, and a putative calcium-dependent protein kinase. Interestingly, a COS-induced pM5-like protein was identified for the first time in plants, which is a trans-membrane nodal modulator in transforming growth factor-β(TGFβ) signaling in vertebrates. We also identified two members of a rice polyprotein family, which were up-regulated by COS. Our study would provide a starting point for functionality of PM proteins in the rice basal defense.

  3. Systematic study of plasma and serum proteins in the pig; Etude systematique des proteines plasmatiques et seriques du porc

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daburon, F.; Nizza, P.; Hatchikian, C.; Schmidt, J.-P. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique (France)

    1966-07-01

    This work has been carried out in the framework of the determination of the physiological constants of a normal pig. The aim was to study the serum and plasma proteins of this animal species, the ultimate object being to discover whether the qualitative and quantitative changes in these proteins can make a significant contribution to the establishment of a biological dosimetry for irradiated pigs. The serum and plasma from a normal pig were analyzed first by various simple electrophoretic methods and then by immuno-electrophoresis. As a result of the particular characteristics of pig serum we have gradually been led to make numerous modifications to the techniques used for human serums or for those of small laboratory animals. Much careful work and patience were required in order to obtain reproducible results. (authors) [French] Ce travail se situe dans le cadre de la determination des constantes physiologiques du porc normal. il s'agissait de proceder a l'etude des proteines seriques et plasmatiques de cette espece animale, le but ulterieur etant de savoir si les modifications qualitatives et quantitatives de ces proteines pourront representer une contribution valable a l'etablissement d'une dosimetrie biologique chez le porc irradie. Le serum et le plasma du porc normal ont ete analyses d'abord par diverses methodes electrophoretiques simples puis par immunoelectrophorese. Les caracteristiques particulieres du serum de porc nous ont conduits a apporter progressivement de nombreuses modifications aux techniques utilisees pour des serums humains ou de petits animaux de laboratoire. L'obtention de resultats reproductible a exige beaucoup de patience et de minutie. (auteurs)

  4. Seminal plasma protein profiles of ejaculates obtained by internal artificial vagina and electroejaculation in Brahman bulls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rego, J P A; Moura, A A; Nouwens, A S; McGowan, M R; Boe-Hansen, G B

    2015-09-01

    The present study was conducted to investigate if differences exist in the seminal plasma protein profile from mature Brahman bulls using two methods of semen collection: internal artificial vagina (IAV) and electroejaculation (EEJ). Semen was collected four times from three bulls on the same day and parameters were assessed immediately post-collection. Seminal plasma proteins were evaluated by 2-D fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis and identified by mass spectrometry. Semen volume was greater (P < 0.05) for EEJ (4.6 ± 0.35 mL) than for IAV (1.86 ± 0.24 mL) but sperm concentration was greater in IAV (1505 ± 189 × 10(6) sperm/mL) than in EEJ samples (344 ± 87 × 10(6) sperm/mL). Sperm motility and the percentage of normal sperm were not different between treatments. Total concentration of seminal plasma proteins was greater for samples collected by IAV as compared to EEJ (19.3 ± 0.9 compared with 13.0 ± 1.8 mg/mL, P < 0.05; respectively). Based on 2-D gels, 22 spots had a greater volume (P < 0.05) in gels derived from IAV samples, corresponding to 21 proteins identified as transferrin, albumin, epididymal secretory glutathione peroxidase, among others. Thirty-three spots, corresponding to 26 proteins, had a greater volume (P < 0.05) in gels derived from EEJ samples. These proteins were identified as spermadhesin-1, Bovine Sperm Protin 1, 3 and 5 isoforms, angiogenin-1, alpha-1B-glycoprotein, clusterin, nucleobindin-1, cathepsins, spermadhesin Z13, annexins, among others. Thus, proteins in greater amounts in samples obtained by IAV and EEJ were mainly of epididymal origin and accessory sex glands, respectively. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Effect of Bovine Plasma Protein on Autolysis and Gelation of Protein Extracted from Giant Squid (Dosidicus gigas Mantle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Raquel Marquez-Alvarez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The effect of bovine plasma protein (BPP on the inhibition of autolytic activity and its effect on the gelling properties of a protein concentrate (PC obtained from jumbo squid (Dosidicus gigas mantle were investigated. Sols and gels were prepared from the PC by adding different amounts of BPP (0, 1, and 2%. Dynamic oscillatory measurements indicated that systems with 1% BPP had a higher elastic modulus (G′, in which hydrophobic interactions were favored. Concerning the technological and textural quality of the gels, BPP caused a greater water holding capacity (WHC, force, cohesiveness, and elasticity, probably due to improvement of the electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions during gel formation. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM allowed visualization of the formation of more rigid and ordered gels with less porosity when BPP was added. Therefore, the addition of BPP improved the gelling capacity of proteins extracted from giant squid.

  6. Joint associations of blood plasma proteins with overwinter survival of a large mammal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garnier, Romain; Cheung, Christopher K; Watt, Kathryn A; Pilkington, Jill G; Pemberton, Josephine M; Graham, Andrea L

    2017-02-01

    In many wild animal populations, hosts are at risk of parasites and malnutrition and resource costs of defence may be difficult to afford. We postulate that proteins, important in homeostasis and immunity, play a complex but central role in condition dependence and resource costs of mammalian immune defence. To test this, we measured plasma concentrations of albumin, total proteins. Self-reactive antibodies and parasite-specific IgG in female Soay sheep. Using a principal component analysis, we found a new metric of condition reflecting individual variation in acquisition, assimilation and/or recycling of plasma proteins that predicted overwinter survival. Controlling for this metric, an age-dependent trade-off between antibody titres and protein reserves emerged, indicating costs of mounting an antibody response: younger individuals survived best when prioritising immunity while older individuals fared better when maintaining high-protein nutritional plane. These findings suggest fascinating roles for protein acquisition and allocation in influencing survival in wild animal populations.

  7. Fetuin-B, a liver-derived plasma protein is essential for fertilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dietzel, Eileen; Wessling, Jennifer; Floehr, Julia; Schäfer, Cora; Ensslen, Silke; Denecke, Bernd; Rösing, Benjamin; Neulen, Joseph; Veitinger, Thomas; Spehr, Marc; Tropartz, Tanja; Tolba, René; Renné, Thomas; Egert, Angela; Schorle, Hubert; Gottenbusch, Yuliya; Hildebrand, André; Yiallouros, Irene; Stöcker, Walter; Weiskirchen, Ralf; Jahnen-Dechent, Willi

    2013-04-15

    The zona pellucida (ZP) is a glycoprotein matrix surrounding mammalian oocytes. Upon fertilization, ZP hardening prevents sperm from binding to and penetrating the ZP. Here, we report that targeted gene deletion of the liver-derived plasma protein fetuin-B causes premature ZP hardening and, consequently, female infertility. Transplanting fetuin-B-deficient ovaries into wild-type recipients restores fertility, indicating that plasma fetuin-B is necessary and sufficient for fertilization. In vitro fertilization of oocytes from fetuin-B-deficient mice only worked after rendering the ZP penetrable by laser perforation. Mechanistically, fetuin-B sustains fertility by inhibiting ovastacin, a cortical granula protease known to trigger ZP hardening. Thus, plasma fetuin-B is necessary to restrain protease activity and thereby maintain ZP permeability until after gamete fusion. These results also show that premature ZP hardening can cause infertility in mice.

  8. Simulated gastrointestinal digestion, intestinal permeation and plasma protein interaction of white, green, and black tea polyphenols.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tenore, Gian Carlo; Campiglia, Pietro; Giannetti, Daniela; Novellino, Ettore

    2015-02-15

    The gastrointestinal digestion, intestinal permeation, and plasma protein interaction of polyphenols from a single tea cultivar at different stages of processing (white, green, and black teas) were simulated. The salivary phase contained 74.8-99.5% of native polyphenols, suggesting potential bioavailability of significant amounts of antioxidants through the oral mucosal epithelium that might be gastric sensitive and/or poorly absorbed in the intestine. White tea had the highest content and provided the best intestinal bioaccessibility and bioavailability for catechins. Since most of native catechins were not absorbed, they were expected to accumulate in the intestinal lumen where a potential inhibition capacity of cellular glucose and cholesterol uptake was assumed. The permeated catechins (approximately, 2-15% of intestinal levels) significantly bound (about 37%) to plasma HDLs, suggesting a major role in cholesterol metabolism. White tea and its potential nutraceuticals could be effective in the regulation of plasma glucose and cholesterol levels.

  9. Increased fasting plasma acylation-stimulating protein concentrations in nephrotic syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozata, Metin; Oktenli, Cagatay; Gulec, Mustafa; Ozgurtas, Taner; Bulucu, Fatih; Caglar, Kayser; Bingol, Necati; Vural, Abdulgaffar; Ozdemir, I Caglayan

    2002-02-01

    Acylation-stimulating protein (ASP) is an adipocyte-derived protein that has recently been suggested to play an important role in the regulation of lipoprotein metabolism and triglyceride (TG) storage. ASP also appears to have a role in the regulation of energy balance. In addition to its role as a hormonal regulator of body weight and energy expenditure, leptin is now implicated as a regulatory molecule in lipid metabolism. However, little is known about the alterations in fasting plasma ASP and leptin concentrations in the nephrotic syndrome. As hyperlipidemia is one of the most striking manifestations of the nephrotic syndrome, we have investigated fasting plasma ASP and leptin levels and their relation to lipid levels in this syndrome. Twenty-five patients with untreated nephrotic syndrome and 25 age-, sex-, and body mass index-matched healthy controls were included in the study. Fasting plasma lipoproteins, TG, total cholesterol, lipoprotein(a), apolipoprotein AI (apoAI), apoB, urinary protein, plasma albumin, third component of complement (C3), ASP, and leptin levels were measured in both groups. Total cholesterol, TG, low and very low density lipoproteins, lipoprotein(a), apoB, and urinary protein levels were increased in the patient group, whereas plasma albumin, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, and apoAI levels were decreased compared with those in the control group (P Fasting ASP concentrations showed no correlation with body mass index, proteinuria, plasma albumin, leptin, or any lipid parameter in either group, but C3 levels (in patient group: r(s) = 0.92; P < 0.001; in control group: r(s) = 0.68; P < 0.001). Our findings showed that plasma ASP levels were significantly elevated, whereas leptin levels were normal in the nephrotic syndrome. Increased ASP levels in the setting of dyslipidemia in the nephrotic syndrome raise the possibility of an ASP receptor defect in adipocytes, which also suggests the existence of so-called ASP resistance. Moreover

  10. Diclofenac plasma protein binding: PK-PD modelling in cardiac patients submitted to cardiopulmonary bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Auler Jr. J.O.

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Twenty-four surgical patients of both sexes without cardiac, hepatic, renal or endocrine dysfunctions were divided into two groups: 10 cardiac surgical patients submitted to myocardial revascularization and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB, 3 females and 7 males aged 65 ± 11 years, 74 ± 16 kg body weight, 166 ± 9 cm height and 1.80 ± 0.21 m2 body surface area (BSA, and control, 14 surgical patients not submitted to CPB, 11 female and 3 males aged 41 ± 14 years, 66 ± 14 kg body weight, 159 ± 9 cm height and 1.65 ± 0.16 m2 BSA (mean ± SD. Sodium diclofenac (1 mg/kg, im Voltaren 75® twice a day was administered to patients in the Recovery Unit 48 h after surgery. Venous blood samples were collected during a period of 0-12 h and analgesia was measured by the visual analogue scale (VAS during the same period. Plasma diclofenac levels were measured by high performance liquid chromatography. A two-compartment open model was applied to obtain the plasma decay curve and to estimate kinetic parameters. Plasma diclofenac protein binding decreased whereas free plasma diclofenac levels were increased five-fold in CPB patients. Data obtained for analgesia reported as the maximum effect (EMAX were: 25% VAS (CPB vs 10% VAS (control, P<0.05, median measured by the visual analogue scale where 100% is equivalent to the highest level of pain. To correlate the effect versus plasma diclofenac levels, the EMAX sigmoid model was applied. A prolongation of the mean residence time for maximum effect (MRTEMAX was observed without any change in lag-time in CPB in spite of the reduced analgesia reported for these patients, during the time-dose interval. In conclusion, the extent of plasma diclofenac protein binding was influenced by CPB with clinically relevant kinetic-dynamic consequences

  11. Phosphorylation-dependent Trafficking of Plasma Membrane Proteins in Animal and Plant Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Remko Offringa; and Fang Huang

    2013-01-01

    In both unicellular and multicellular organisms, transmembrane (TM) proteins are sorted to and retained at specific membrane domains by endomembrane trafficking mechanisms that recognize sorting signals in the these proteins. The trafficking and distribution of plasma membrane (PM)-localized TM proteins (PM proteins), especially of those PM proteins that show an asymmetric distribution over the PM, has received much attention, as their proper PM localization is crucial for elementary signaling and transport processes, and defects in their localization often lead to severe disease symptoms or developmental defects. The subcellular localization of PM proteins is dynamically regulated by post-translational modifications, such as phosphorylation and ubiquitination. These modificaitons mostly occur on sorting signals that are located in the larger cytosolic domains of the cargo proteins. Here we review the effects of phosphorylation of PM proteins on their trafficking, and present the key examples from the animal field that have been subject to studies for already several decades, such as that of aquaporin 2 and the epidermal growth factor receptor. Our knowledge on cargo trafficking in plants is largely based on studies of the family of PIN FORMED (PIN) carriers that mediate the efflux of the plant hormone auxin. We will review what is known on the subcellular distribution and trafficking of PIN proteins, with a focus on how this is modulated by phosphorylation, and identify and discuss analogies and differences in trafficking with the well-studied animal examples.

  12. Phosphorylation-dependent trafficking of plasma membrane proteins in animal and plant cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Offringa, Remko; Huang, Fang

    2013-09-01

    In both unicellular and multicellular organisms, transmembrane (TM) proteins are sorted to and retained at specific membrane domains by endomembrane trafficking mechanisms that recognize sorting signals in the these proteins. The trafficking and distribution of plasma membrane (PM)-localized TM proteins (PM proteins), especially of those PM proteins that show an asymmetric distribution over the PM, has received much attention, as their proper PM localization is crucial for elementary signaling and transport processes, and defects in their localization often lead to severe disease symptoms or developmental defects. The subcellular localization of PM proteins is dynamically regulated by post-translational modifications, such as phosphorylation and ubiquitination. These modificaitons mostly occur on sorting signals that are located in the larger cytosolic domains of the cargo proteins. Here we review the effects of phosphorylation of PM proteins on their trafficking, and present the key examples from the animal field that have been subject to studies for already several decades, such as that of aquaporin 2 and the epidermal growth factor receptor. Our knowledge on cargo trafficking in plants is largely based on studies of the family of PIN FORMED (PIN) carriers that mediate the efflux of the plant hormone auxin. We will review what is known on the subcellular distribution and trafficking of PIN proteins, with a focus on how this is modulated by phosphorylation, and identify and discuss analogies and differences in trafficking with the well-studied animal examples.

  13. Ion-exchange chromatography used to isolate a spermadhesin-related protein from domestic goat (Capra hircus) seminal plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira, Dárcio Italo Alves; Melo, Luciana Magalhães; Gadelha, Carlos Alberto de Almeida; Cunha, Rodrigo Maranguape Silva da; Bloch, Carlos; Rádis-Baptista, Gandhi; Cavada, Benildo Sousa; Freitas, Vicente José de Figueirêdo

    2006-03-31

    Mammalian seminal plasma contains among others, proteins called spermadhesins, which are the major proteins of boar and stallion seminal plasma. These proteins appear to be involved in capacitation and sperm-egg interaction. Previously, we reported the presence of a protein related to spermadhesins in goat seminal plasma. In the present study, we have further characterized this protein, and we propose ion-exchange chromatography to isolate this seminal protein. Semen was obtained from four adult Saanen bucks. Seminal plasma was pooled, dialyzed against distilled water and freeze-dried. Lyophilized proteins were loaded onto an ion-exchange chromatography column. Dialyzed-lyophilized proteins from the main peak of DEAE-Sephacel were applied to a C2/C18 column coupled to an RP-HPLC system, and the eluted proteins were lyophilized for electrophoresis. The N-terminal was sequenced and amino acid sequence similarity was determined using CLUSTAL W. Additionally, proteins from DEAE-Sephacel chromatography step were dialyzed and submitted to a heparin-Sepharose high-performance liquid chromatography. Goat seminal plasma after ion-exchange chromatography yielded 6.47 +/- 0.63 mg (mean +/- SEM) of the major retained fraction. The protein was designated BSFP (buck seminal fluid protein). BSFP exhibited N-terminal sequence homology to boar, stallion and bull spermadhesins. BSFP showed no heparin-binding capabilities. These results together with our previous data indicate that goat seminal plasma contains a protein that is structurally related to proteins of the spermadhesin family. Finally, this protein can be efficiently isolated by ion-exchange and reverse-phase chromatography.

  14. Plasma treatment of paper for protein immobilization on paper-based chemiluminescence immunodevice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Mei; Li, Huifang; Liu, Wei; Guo, Yumei; Chu, Weiru

    2016-05-15

    A novel protein immobilization method based on plasma treatment of paper on the low-cost paper-based immunodevice was established in this work. By using a benchtop plasma cleaner, the paper microzone was treated by oxygen plasma treatment for 4 min and then the antibody can be directly immobilized on the paper surface. Aldehyde group was produced after the plasma treatment, which can be verified from the fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) spectra and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) spectra. By linked to aldehyde group, the antibody can be immobilized on the paper surface without any other pretreatment. A paper-based immunodevice was introduced here through this antibody immobilization method. With sandwich chemiluminescence (CL) immunoassay method, the paper-based immunodevice was successfully performed for carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) detection in human serum with a linear range of 0.1-80.0 ng/mL. The detection limit was 0.03 ng/mL, which was 30 times lower than the clinical CEA level. Comparing to the other protein immobilization methods on paper-based device, this strategy was faster and simpler and had potential applications in point-of-care testing, public health and environmental monitoring.

  15. Fibrinogen γ' increases the sensitivity to activated protein C in normal and factor V Leiden plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omarova, Farida; Uitte de Willige, Shirley; Simioni, Paolo; Ariëns, Robert A S; Bertina, Rogier M; Rosing, Jan; Castoldi, Elisabetta

    2014-08-28

    Activated protein C (APC) resistance, often associated with the factor V (FV) Leiden mutation, is the most common risk factor for venous thrombosis. We observed increased APC resistance in carriers of fibrinogen γ gene (FGG) haplotype 2, which is associated with reduced levels of the alternatively spliced fibrinogen γ' chain. This finding prompted us to study the effects of fibrinogen and its γ' chain on APC resistance. Fibrinogen, and particularly the γA/γ' isoform, improved the response of plasma to added APC in the thrombin generation-based assay. Similarly, a synthetic peptide mimicking the C-terminus of the fibrinogen γ' chain, which binds thrombin and inhibits its activities, greatly increased the APC sensitivity of normal and FV Leiden plasma, likely due to its ability to inhibit thrombin-mediated activation of FV and FVIII. Although the fibrinogen γ' peptide also inhibited protein C activation by the thrombin/thrombomodulin complex, it still increased the sensitivity of plasma to endogenously formed APC when thrombin generation was measured in the presence of soluble thrombomodulin. We conclude that fibrinogen, and particularly fibrinogen γ', increases plasma APC sensitivity. The fibrinogen γ' peptide might form the basis for pharmacologic interventions to counteract APC resistance. © 2014 by The American Society of Hematology.

  16. Isolation and characterization of the plasma hyaluronan-binding protein (PHBP) gene (HABP2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumiya, J; Asakawa, S; Tobe, T; Hashimoto, K; Saguchi, K; Choi-Miura, N H; Shimizu, Y; Minoshima, S; Shimizu, N; Tomita, M

    1997-11-01

    PHBP is a novel human plasma hyaluronan-binding protein that shows significant homology in amino acid sequence to hepatocyte growth factor activator. Two overlapping clones that encode the human plasma hyaluronan-binding protein (PHBP) gene (HABP2) were isolated and characterized. The PHBP gene spans 35 kb and is composed of 13 exons from 37 to 1,394 bp in size with consensus splice sites. The gene's regulatory sequences contain putative promoter elements, but no typical TATA box. Some exons of this gene showed significant similarities to those of coagulation factor XII, tissue-type plasminogen activator, and urokinase genes in nucleotide length and in intron phasing. We also report the chromosome mapping of this gene by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using a genomic DNA fragment as a probe. The PHBP gene (HABP2) was located on chromosome 10q25-q26.

  17. Cysteine-rich secretory protein 3 is a ligand of alpha1B-glycoprotein in human plasma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Udby, Lene; Sørensen, Ole E; Pass, Jesper

    2004-01-01

    Human cysteine-rich secretory protein 3 (CRISP-3; also known as SGP28) belongs to a family of closely related proteins found in mammals and reptiles. Some mammalian CRISPs are known to be involved in the process of reproduction, whereas some of the CRISPs from reptiles are neurotoxin......-like substances found in lizard saliva or snake venom. Human CRISP-3 is present in exocrine secretions and in secretory granules of neutrophilic granulocytes and is believed to play a role in innate immunity. On the basis of the relatively high content of CRISP-3 in human plasma and the small size of the protein...... (28 kDa), we hypothesized that CRISP-3 in plasma was bound to another component. This was supported by size-exclusion chromatography and immunoprecipitation of plasma proteins. The binding partner was identified by mass spectrometry as alpha(1)B-glycoprotein (A1BG), which is a known plasma protein...

  18. Cargo proteins of plasma astrocyte-derived exosomes in Alzheimer's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goetzl, Edward J; Mustapic, Maja; Kapogiannis, Dimitrios; Eitan, Erez; Lobach, Irina V; Goetzl, Laura; Schwartz, Janice B; Miller, Bruce L

    2016-11-01

    Efficient intercellular transfer of RNAs, proteins, and lipids as protected exosomal cargo has been demonstrated in the CNS, but distinct physiologic and pathologic roles have not been well defined for this pathway. The capacity to isolate immunochemically human plasma neuron-derived exosomes (NDEs), containing neuron-specific cargo, has permitted characterization of CNS-derived exosomes in living humans. Constituents of the amyloid β-peptide (Aβ)42-generating system now are examined in 2 distinct sets of human neural cells by quantification in astrocyte-derived exosomes (ADEs) and NDEs, enriched separately from plasmas of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) or frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and matched cognitively normal controls. ADE levels of β-site amyloid precursor protein-cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE-1), γ-secretase, soluble Aβ42, soluble amyloid precursor protein (sAPP)β, sAPPα, glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), P-T181-tau, and P-S396-tau were significantly (3- to 20-fold) higher than levels in NDEs for patients and controls. BACE-1 levels also were a mean of 7-fold higher in ADEs than in NDEs from cultured rat type-specific neural cells. Levels of BACE-1 and sAPPβ were significantly higher and of GDNF significantly lower in ADEs of patients with AD than in those of controls, but not significantly different in patients with FTD than in controls. Abundant proteins of the Aβ42 peptide-generating system in ADEs may sustain levels in neurons. ADE cargo proteins may be useful for studies of mechanisms of cellular interactions and effects of BACE-1 inhibitors in AD.-Goetzl, E. J., Mustapic, M., Kapogiannis, D., Eitan, E., Lobach, I. V., Goetzl, L., Schwartz, J. B., Miller, B. L. Cargo proteins of plasma astrocyte-derived exosomes in Alzheimer's disease.

  19. Hypochlorite-induced oxidation of proteins in plasma: formation of chloramines and nitrogen-centred radicals and their role in protein fragmentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, C L; Davies, M J

    1999-06-01

    Activated phagocyte cells generate hypochlorite (HOCl) via the release of H2O2 and the enzyme myeloperoxidase. Plasma proteins are major targets for HOCl, although little information is available about the mechanism(s) of oxidation. In this study the reaction of HOCl (at least 50 microM) with diluted fresh human plasma has been shown to generate material that oxidizes 5-thio-2-nitrobenzoic acid; these oxidants are believed to be chloramines formed from the reaction of HOCl with protein amine groups. Chloramines have also been detected with isolated plasma proteins treated with HOCl. In both cases chloramine formation accounts for approx. 20-30% of the added HOCl. These chloramines decompose in a time-dependent manner when incubated at 20 or 37 degrees C but not at 4 degrees C. Ascorbate and urate remove these chloramines in a time- and concentration-dependent manner, with the former being more efficient. The reaction of fresh diluted plasma with HOCl also gives rise to protein-derived nitrogen-centred radicals in a time- and HOCl-concentration-dependent manner; these have been detected by EPR spin trapping. Identical radicals have been detected with isolated HOCl-treated plasma proteins. Radical formation was inhibited by excess methionine, implicating protein-derived chloramines (probably from lysine side chains) as the radical source. Plasma protein fragmentation occurs in a time- and HOCl-concentration-dependent manner, as evidenced by the increased mobility of the EPR spin adducts, the detection of further radical species believed to be intermediates in protein degradation and the loss of the parent protein bands on SDS/PAGE. Fragmentation can be inhibited by methionine and other agents (ascorbate, urate, Trolox C or GSH) capable of removing chloramines and reactive radicals. These results are consistent with protein-derived chloramines, and the radicals derived from them, as contributing agents in HOCl-induced plasma protein oxidation.

  20. Plasma bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein concentrations in critically ill children with the sepsis syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, H R; Doughty, L A; Wedel, N; White, M; Nelson, B J; Havrilla, N; Carcillo, J A

    1995-12-01

    Bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI) is a neutrophil azurophilic granule component that is bactericidal towards Gram-negative bacteria and inhibits lipopolysaccharide-mediated inflammatory responses. We conducted a prospective study to measure plasma BPI concentrations in 36 critically ill children with and without the sepsis syndrome. Plasma BPI concentrations ranged from 0.5 to 452 ng/ml. Patients with the sepsis syndrome had higher median plasma BPI concentrations than critically ill controls (5.1 vs. 1.8 ng/ml, P = 0.006). Patients with organ system failure had higher median plasma BPI concentrations than those with no organ system failure (4.5 vs. 1.3 ng/ml, P = 0.001). Plasma BPI concentrations were positively associated with pediatric risk of mortality score (P = 0.03, rs = 0.4). These data provide the first clinical insights regarding the role of endogenous BPI production in critically ill children and suggest that BPI may play an important role in host defenses.

  1. DCCD inhibits protein translocation into plasma membrane vesicles from Escherichia coli at two different steps.

    OpenAIRE

    1987-01-01

    In vitro translocation of periplasmic and outer membrane proteins into inverted plasma membrane vesicles from Escherichia coli was completely prevented by the H+-ATPase inhibitor N,N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCCD). DCCD was inhibitory to both co- and post-translational translocations, suggesting an involvement of the H+-translocating F1F0-ATPase in either mode of transport. This was verified by (i) the dependence of efficient co-translational translocation upon a low salt, i.e. F1-containin...

  2. Altered Plasma Profile of Antioxidant Proteins as an Early Correlate of Pancreatic β Cell Dysfunction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Taiyi; Kim-Muller, Ja Young; McGraw, Timothy E; Accili, Domenico

    2016-04-29

    Insulin resistance and β cell dysfunction contribute to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. Unlike insulin resistance, β cell dysfunction remains difficult to predict and monitor, because of the inaccessibility of the endocrine pancreas, the integrated relationship with insulin sensitivity, and the paracrine effects of incretins. The goal of our study was to survey the plasma response to a metabolic challenge in order to identify factors predictive of β cell dysfunction. To this end, we combined (i) the power of unbiased iTRAQ (isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification) mass spectrometry with (ii) direct sampling of the portal vein following an intravenous glucose/arginine challenge (IVGATT) in (iii) mice with a genetic β cell defect. By so doing, we excluded the effects of peripheral insulin sensitivity as well as those of incretins on β cells, and focused on the first phase of insulin secretion to capture the early pathophysiology of β cell dysfunction. We compared plasma protein profiles with ex vivo islet secretome and transcriptome analyses. We detected changes to 418 plasma proteins in vivo, and detected changes to 262 proteins ex vivo The impairment of insulin secretion was associated with greater overall changes in the plasma response to IVGATT, possibly reflecting metabolic instability. Reduced levels of proteins regulating redox state and neuronal stress markers, as well as increased levels of coagulation factors, antedated the loss of insulin secretion in diabetic mice. These results suggest that a reduced complement of antioxidants in response to a mixed secretagogue challenge is an early correlate of future β cell failure.

  3. A Preliminary Study of Trace Elements in Plasma Protein by Gel Chromatography Combined with SXRF

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    NIANQINGLIU; DEFUCHEN; 等

    1999-01-01

    Fractions of plasma protein of male Kunming mice (body weight 24.2±0.3g),treated with Cisplatin i.p.injection in dose of 10mg/kg,were obtained by separation on Sephadex-G-50 columns,buffered with ammonium acetate to pH5.7,The XSRF experiments were performed at the BEPC(Beijing Electron Positron Collider)synchrotron radiation facility.The elements(Pt,S,Ca,Fe,Ni,Cu,Zn,Se,Br and Sr)in the fraction of the plasma proteins(>22KD) were assayed using highly sensitive SXRF.The relative concentrations of elements were calculated by a normalization of COmpton scattering intensity around 22 KeV,after the normalization for collecting time of X-ray spectrum and the counting of the ion chamber,and subracting the contribution of the polycarbonate film used for supporting the samples.The determination could prove that the element Pt in plasma was bound with macro-molecularprotein.Cu and S were present in the fraction of the protein in mice treated with Cisplatin and exhibited an increase,the ration of treated/control were 1.66±0.06 and 1.78±0.33 repectively,whereas Zn decreased to a ratio of 0.78±0.09,Our results are in agreement with others which showed that Cisplatin exposure leads to a marked loss of kidney copper,and a moderate rise in didney zinc.However,this work mainly focussed on the implementation of this analytical procedure,but not on the results of the investigations of the effect of Cisplatin on trace elements in plasma protein.

  4. Sex steroid binding proteins in the plasma of hatchling Chelonia mydas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikonomopoulou, M P; Ibrahim, K; Bradley, A J

    2008-09-01

    Sex steroid binding proteins were identified in hatchling female and male Chelonia mydas by dialysis and steady-state gel electrophoresis when examined at 4 degrees C. A testosterone binding protein with high binding affinity (K (a) = 0.98 +/- 0.5 x 10(8) M(-1)) and low to moderate binding capacity (B (max) = 7.58 +/- 4.2 x 10(-5) M) was observed in male hatchlings. An oestradiol binding protein with high affinity (K (a) = 0.35 +/- 1.8 x 10(8) M(-1)) and low to moderate binding capacity (B (max) = 0.16 +/- 0.5 x 10(-4) M) was identified in female hatchlings. This study confirmed that sex steroid binding proteins (SSBPs) become inactivate in both sexes at 36 degrees C, the maximum body temperature of sea turtle hatchlings at emergence. The inactivation of SSBPs at this temperature indicates that sex steroid hormones circulate freely in the body of the green turtles and are biologically available in the blood plasma. This observation is consistent with female and male hatchling C. mydas having different physiological (hormonal) and developmental requirements around the time of emergence. Moreover, concurrently conducted competition studies showed that sex steroids including testosterone and oestradiol do compete for binding sites in both male and female C. mydas hatchling plasma. Competition also occurred between testosterone and dihydrotestosterone for binding sites in the male C. mydas plasma. However, competition studies in the plasma of female hatchling C. mydas demonstrate that oestrone does not compete with oestradiol for binding sites.

  5. Fluorescence Enhancement of Fluorescein Isothiocyanate-Labeled Protein A Caused by Affinity Binding with Immunoglobulin G in Bovine Plasma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiyotaka Sakai

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Fluorescence enhancement of fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled protein A (FITC-protein A caused by the binding with immunoglobulin G (IgG in bovine plasma was studied. FITC-protein A was immobilized onto a glass surface by covalent bonds. An increase in fluorescence intensity was dependent on IgG concentration ranging from 20 to 78 μg/mL in both phosphate buffer saline and bovine plasma. This method requires no separation procedure, and the reaction time is less than 15 min. A fluorescence enhancement assay by the affinity binding of fluorescence-labeled reagent is thus available for the rapid determination of biomolecules in plasma.

  6. Interaction of gold and silver nanoparticles with human plasma: Analysis of protein corona reveals specific binding patterns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Wenjia; Wang, Qingsong; Li, Lumeng; Hu, Zhiyuan; Chen, Jiankui; Fang, Qiaojun

    2017-04-01

    Determining how nanomaterials interact with plasma will assist in understanding their effects on the biological system. This work presents a systematic study of the protein corona formed from human plasma on 20nm silver and gold nanoparticles with three different surface modifications, including positive and negative surface charges. The results show that all nanoparticles, even those with positive surface modifications, acquire negative charges after interacting with plasma. Approximately 300 proteins are identified on the coronas, while 99 are commonly found on each nanomaterial. The 20 most abundant proteins account for over 80% of the total proteins abundance. Remarkably, the surface charge and core of the nanoparticles, as well as the isoelectric point of the plasma proteins, are found to play significant roles in determining the nanoparticle coronas. Albumin and globulins are present at levels of less than 2% on these nanoparticle coronas. Fibrinogen, which presents in the plasma but not in the serum, preferably binds to negatively charged gold nanoparticles. These observations demonstrate the specific plasma protein binding pattern of silver and gold nanoparticles, as well as the importance of the surface charge and core in determining the protein corona compositions. The potential downstream biological impacts of the corona proteins were also investigated.

  7. Fish protein hydrolysate elevates plasma bile acids and reduces visceral adipose tissue mass in rats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liaset, Bjørn; Madsen, Lise; Hao, Qin

    2009-01-01

    Conjugation of bile acids (BAs) to the amino acids taurine or glycine increases their solubility and promotes liver BA secretion. Supplementing diets with taurine or glycine modulates BA metabolism and enhances fecal BA excretion in rats. However, it is still unclear whether dietary proteins...... varying in taurine and glycine contents alter BA metabolism, and thereby modulate the recently discovered systemic effects of BAs. Here we show that rats fed a diet containing saithe fish protein hydrolysate (saithe FPH), rich in taurine and glycine, for 26 days had markedly elevated fasting plasma BA...

  8. [Aspergillus ochraceus myxomycetes produce extracellular proteinases--protein C activators of blood plasma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osmolovskiĭ, A A; Kreĭer, V G; Kurakov, A V; Baranova, N A; Egorov, N S

    2012-01-01

    Natural isolates of Aspergillus ochraceus myxomycetes from soil and plant remains from various regions have been screened. The isolated strains were characterized by similar cultural and morphological features and an identical nucleotide sequence in the ITS1-5,8S-ITS2 region of rDNA. The ability of the extracellular proteinases of A. ochraceus myxomycetes to activate protein C of blood plasma has been established. Differences are revealed in the accumulation of proteinases activating protein C and proteinases with thrombin- and plasmin-like activities in the growth dynamics of producers.

  9. Comparison of two different plasma surface-modification techniques for the covalent immobilization of protein monolayers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cifuentes, Anna; Borrós, Salvador

    2013-06-04

    The immobilization of biologically active species is crucial for the fabrication of smart bioactive surfaces. For this purpose, plasma polymerization is frequently used to modify the surface nature without affecting the bulk properties of the material. Thus, it is possible to create materials with surface functional groups that can promote the anchoring of all kinds of biomolecules. Different methodologies in protein immobilization have been developed in recent years, although some drawbacks are still not solved, such as the difficulties that some procedures involve and/or the denaturalization of the protein due to the immobilization process. In this work, two different strategies to covalently attach bovine serum albumin (BSA) protein are developed. Both techniques are compared in order to understand how the nature of the surface modification affects the conformation of the protein upon immobilization.

  10. [Mechanisms of human plasma proteins adsorption on the surface of perfluorocarbon emulsion stabilized with proxanol 268].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhalimov, V K; Sklifas, A N; Kukushkin, N I

    2012-01-01

    It has been shown that sorption of most proteins with the molecular weight lower than 200 kDa from human blood plasma on the surface of perfluorocarbon emulsion, stabilized with proxanol 268, is mainly based on hydrophobic interaction, whereas sorption of immunoglobulin G is mainly the result of electrostatic interaction. The removal of lipidic components from plasma leads to the increase of a total amount of adsorbed proteins by 35%. Particularly, when lipidic components are removed, sorption of apolipoprotein AI and immunoglobulin G is considerably bettered as well as sorption of other proteins with the molecular weight of about 50 and 60 kDa occurs. It has been out that apolipoprotein AI in the adsorbed condition loses its capability of tryptophan fluorescence, which might be probably determined by the quenching influence of the perfluorocarbon core of nanoparticle. We think that the findings obtained also indicates considerable conformational rearrangements of this protein during adsorption. It was shown, that the fluorescence of proteins with sorption on nanoparticles in emulsion based on the hydrophobic interaction, is completely or partially quenched.

  11. A direct, automated, immuno-turbidimetric assay of free protein S antigen in plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deffert, C; Esteve, F; Grimaux, M; Gouault-Heilmann, M

    2001-03-01

    A new, fully automated, one-step, immuno-turbidimetric assay of free protein S (fPS) in plasma (STA Liatest Free Protein S; Diagnostica Stago, Asnières, France) has been developed for STA analysers. This technique combines the advantages of a direct assay of fPS using two monoclonal antibodies, which specifically recognize fPS but not protein S (PS)-C4b-binding protein complexes, and the advantages of automation. The assay has good analytical performances, with intra- and inter-assay variation coefficients below 5% for normal values, and slightly higher for abnormal values. In a comparison study with a one-step enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for fPS (Asserachrom Free Protein S; Diagnostica Stago), a correlation coefficient of 0.93 with a regression line close to 1 was found between the two techniques (n = 166 normal or PS-deficient plasma samples collected from healthy subjects and individuals with a personal or family history of thrombosis). This new technique is specific, reproducible, easy to perform, and provides a useful tool in the diagnosis of PS deficiency.

  12. Forward transport of proteins in the plasma membrane of migrating cerebellar granule cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Dong; She, Liang; Sui, Ya-nan; Yuan, Xiao-bing; Wen, Yunqing; Poo, Mu-ming

    2012-12-18

    Directional flow of membrane components has been detected at the leading front of fibroblasts and the growth cone of neuronal processes, but whether there exists global directional flow of plasma membrane components over the entire migrating neuron remains largely unknown. By analyzing the trajectories of antibody-coated single quantum dots (QDs) bound to two membrane proteins, overexpressed myc-tagged synaptic vesicle-associated membrane protein VAMP2 and endogenous neurotrophin receptor TrkB, we found that these two proteins exhibited net forward transport, which is superimposed upon Brownian motion, in both leading and trailing processes of migrating cerebellar granule cells in culture. Furthermore, no net directional transport of membrane proteins was observed in nonmigrating cells with either growing or stalling leading processes. Analysis of the correlation of motion direction between two QDs on the same process in migrating neurons also showed a higher frequency of correlated forward than rearward movements. Such correlated QD movements were markedly reduced in the presence of myosin II inhibitor blebbistatin,suggesting the involvement of myosin II-dependent active transport processes. Thus, a net forward transport of plasma membrane proteins exists in the leading and trailing processes of migrating neurons, in line with the translocation of the soma.

  13. Development of reduced fat minced meats using inulin and bovine plasma proteins as fat replacers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez Furlán, Laura T; Padilla, Antonio Pérez; Campderrós, Mercedes E

    2014-02-01

    This work deals with the effect of the addition of inulin and bovine plasma proteins as fat replacers, on the quality of minced meat. The proteins are obtained by ultrafiltration and freeze-drying. The following determinations were carried out: chemical composition, sensorial analysis (color, flavor, taste and consistency), emulsion stability and instrumental texture analysis of samples. The resulting formulations were compared with full-fat minced meat, as control. The results showed an increase of protein contents after fat replacement, while a fat reduction of 20-35% produced light products enriched with proteins and inulin as the functional ingredient. No change was observed in color, flavor, or taste among the samples. However, the sensory analysis showed that the combination of plasma protein (2.5%w/w) and inulin (2%w/w) had the best acceptability with respect to consistency, and had a lower fat drain from the emulsion. Texture profile analysis revealed that this formulation assimilated the control texture properties, being that this result is required for adequate consumer acceptance.

  14. The importance of selecting a proper biological milieu for protein corona analysis in vitro: Human plasma versus human serum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirshafiee, Vahid; Kim, Raehyun; Mahmoudi, Morteza; Kraft, Mary L

    2016-06-01

    Nanoparticle (NP) exposure to biological fluids in the body results in protein binding to the NP surface, which forms a protein coating that is called the "protein corona". To simplify studies of protein-NP interactions and protein corona formation, NPs are incubated with biological solutions, such as human serum or human plasma, and the effects of this exposure are characterized in vitro. Yet, how NP exposure to these two different biological milieus affects protein corona composition and cell response has not been investigated. Here, we explore the differences between the protein coronas that form when NPs are incubated in human serum versus human plasma. NP characterization indicated that NPs that were exposed to human plasma had higher amounts of proteins bound to their surfaces, and were slightly larger in size than those exposed to human serum. In addition, significant differences in corona composition were also detected with gel electrophoresis and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry, where a higher fraction of coagulation proteins and complement factors were found on the plasma-exposed NPs. Flow cytometry and confocal microscopy showed that the uptake of plasma-exposed NPs was higher than that of serum-exposed NPs by RAW 264.7 macrophage immune cells, but not by NIH 3T3 fibroblast cells. This difference is likely due to the elevated amounts of opsonins, such as fibrinogen, on the surfaces of the NPs exposed to plasma, but not serum, because these components trigger NP internalization by immune cells. As the human plasma better mimics the composition of the in vivo environment, namely blood, in vitro protein corona studies should employ human plasma, and not human serum, so the biological phenomena that is observed is more similar to that occurring in vivo.

  15. The effect of polycarboxylate shell of magnetite nanoparticles on protein corona formation in blood plasma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szekeres, Márta; Tóth, Ildikó Y.; Turcu, R.; Tombácz, Etelka

    2017-04-01

    The development of protein corona around nanoparticles upon administration to the human body is responsible in a large part for their biodistribution, cell-internalization and toxicity or biocompatibility. We studied the influence of the chemical composition of polyelectrolyte shells (citric acid (CA) and poly(acrylic-co-maleic acid) (PAM)) of core-shell magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) on the evolution of protein corona in human plasma (HP). The aggregation state and zeta potential of the particles were measured in the range of HP concentration between 1 and 80 (v/v)% 3 min and 20 h after dispersing the particles in HP diluted with Tris buffered saline. Naked MNPs aggregated in HP solution, but the carboxylated MNPs became stabilized colloidally at higher plasma concentrations. Significant differences were observed at low plasma concentration. CA@MNPs aggregated instantly while the hydrodynamic diameter of PAM@MNP increased only slightly at 1-3 v/v % HP concentrations. The observed differences in protein corona formation can be explained by the differences in the steric effects of the polycarboxylate shells. It is interesting that relatively small but systematic changes in zeta potential alter the aggregation state significantly.

  16. Remodeling of the plasma membrane in preparation for sperm-egg recognition: roles of acrosomal proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanphaichitr, Nongnuj; Kongmanas, Kessiri; Kruevaisayawan, Hathairat; Saewu, Arpornrad; Sugeng, Clarissa; Fernandes, Jason; Souda, Puneet; Angel, Jonathan B; Faull, Kym F; Aitken, R John; Whitelegge, Julian; Hardy, Daniel; Berger, Trish; Baker, Mark

    2015-01-01

    The interaction of sperm with the egg's extracellular matrix, the zona pellucida (ZP) is the first step of the union between male and female gametes. The molecular mechanisms of this process have been studied for the past six decades with the results obtained being both interesting and confusing. In this article, we describe our recent work, which attempts to address two lines of questions from previous studies. First, because there are numerous ZP binding proteins reported by various researchers, how do these proteins act together in sperm-ZP interaction? Second, why do a number of acrosomal proteins have ZP affinity? Are they involved mainly in the initial sperm-ZP binding or rather in anchoring acrosome reacting/reacted spermatozoa to the ZP? Our studies reveal that a number of ZP binding proteins and chaperones, extracted from the anterior sperm head plasma membrane, coexist as high molecular weight (HMW) complexes, and that these complexes in capacitated spermatozoa have preferential ability to bind to the ZP. Zonadhesin (ZAN), known as an acrosomal protein with ZP affinity, is one of these proteins in the HMW complexes. Immunoprecipitation indicates that ZAN interacts with other acrosomal proteins, proacrosin/acrosin and sp32 (ACRBP), also present in the HMW complexes. Immunodetection of ZAN and proacrosin/acrosin on spermatozoa further indicates that both proteins traffic to the sperm head surface during capacitation where the sperm acrosomal matrix is still intact, and therefore they are likely involved in the initial sperm-ZP binding step.

  17. Spectrophotometric determination of total proteins in blood plasma: a comparative study among dye-binding methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimas Augusto Morozin Zaia

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available A comparative study between the biuret method (standard method for total proteins and spectrophotometric methods using dyes (Bradford, 3',3",5',5"-tetrabromophenolphthalein ethyl ester-TBPEE, and erythrosin-B was carried out for the determination of total proteins in blood plasma from rats. Bradford method showed the highest sensitivity for proteins and biuret method showed the lowest. For all the methods, the absorbance for different proteins (BSA, casein, and egg albumin was measured and Bradford method showed the lowest variation of absorbance. The concentration of total protein obtained by using Bradford method was not statistically different (p>0.05 from concentration of total protein obtained by the biuret method. But in regard to erythrosin-B and TBPEE methods the concentrations of total protein were statistically different (pA determinação de proteínas totais em plasma sangüíneo é importante em diversas áreas de pesquisa. Um estudo comparativo entre o método de biureto (método padrão para proteínas totais e diversos métodos que utilizam corantes (Bradford, tetrabromofenolftaleína etil éster-TBPEE, e eritrosina-B foi realizado para a determinação de proteínas totais em plasma sangüíneo de ratos. O método de Bradford mostrou a maior sensibilidade para proteínas e o de biureto a menor. Para todos os métodos, as absorbâncias para diferentes proteínas (BSA, caseína, e ovoalbumina foram medidas e o método de Bradford mostrou a menor variação da absorbância. Utilizando o método de Bradford a concentração de proteínas totais obtida não foi estatisticamente diferente (p>0.05 daquela obtida pelo método do biureto. Porém, para os métodos da eritrosina-B e TBPEE as concentrações de proteínas totais foram estatisticamente diferentes (p<0.05 da obtida pelo método de biureto. Portanto o método de Bradford pode ser utilizado no lugar do método de biureto para a determinação de proteínas totais em plasma sangüíneo.

  18. In silicio identification of glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-anchored plasma-membrane and cell wall proteins of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caro, L H; Tettelin, H; Vossen, J H; Ram, A F; van den Ende, H; Klis, F M

    1997-12-01

    Use of the Von Heijne algorithm allowed the identification of 686 open reading frames (ORFs) in the genome of Saccharomyces cerevisiae that encode proteins with a potential N-terminal signal sequence for entering the secretory pathway. On further analysis, 51 of these proteins contain a potential glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-attachment signal. Seven additional ORFs were found to belong to this group. Upon examination of the possible GPI-attachment sites, it was found that in yeast the most probable amino acids for GPI-attachment as asparagine and glycine. In yeast, GPI-proteins are found at the cell surface, either attached to the plasma-membrane or as an intrinsic part of the cell wall. It was noted that plasma-membrane GPI-proteins possess a dibasic residue motif just before their predicted GPI-attachment site. Based on this, and on homologies between proteins, families of plasma-membrane and cell wall proteins were assigned, revealing 20 potential plasma-membrane and 38 potential cell wall proteins. For members of three plasma-membrane protein families, a function has been described. On the other hand, most of the cell wall proteins seem to be structural components of the wall, responsive to different growth conditions. The GPI-attachment site of yeast slightly differs from mammalian cells. This might be of use in the development of anti-fungal drugs.

  19. Evaluation of renal function with urinary retinol binding protein and N-acetyl-β-glucosaminidase in preterm neonate%尿视黄醇结合蛋白和N-乙酰-β葡萄糖苷酶对早产儿肾功能的评价意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴峤微; 唐震; 沈南平

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析尿视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP)、尿N-乙酰-β葡萄糖苷酶(NAG)对评价早产儿肾功能的临床意义.方法 受选新生儿89例,分为早产儿窒息组(18例)、早产儿非窒息组(25例)和足月儿对照组(46例).观察所选对象生后48h内晨尿的RBP和NAG水平,分别与尿肌酐(Cr)相比(以RBP/Cr和NAG/Cr表示);观察血肌酐和血尿素氮,以及非窒息早产儿在生后0~48h,~96h,~168h的RBP/Cr、NAG/Cr变化情况.结果 早产儿窒息组的尿RBP/Cr水平[(0.951±0.629)g/mol]高于非窒息组[(0.389±0.281)g/mol]和足月儿对照组[(0.119±0.081)g/mol],3组间比较差异有统计学意义(P0.05).3组间的血肌酐和尿素氮比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).早产儿非窒息组尿RBP/Cr与胎龄和日龄均无线性相关(P>0.05),而NAG/Cr与胎龄呈线性负相关(r=-0.625,P0.05).The levels of serum Cr and BUN were no significant difference in the three groups(P>0.05).The urinary RBP/Cr level had non-linear correlation with either postnatal or gestational age in no-asphyxial preterm group.While the urinary NAG/Cr levels negative correlated with the gestational age(r=-0.625,P<0.05).And the correlation between the urinary NAG/Cr and postnatal age was postive(P<0.05).Conclusion The determination of urinary NAG/Cr and RBP/Cr provides a sensitive and reliable method to evaluate the renal function of neonates,especially in preterm infants.The RBP/Cr is affected by asphyxia more than NAG/Cr,which is rather correlated with gestational age.

  20. 肥胖及2型糖尿病患者脂肪组织视黄醇结合蛋白4 mRNA的表达及调控%Expression and regulation of retinol binding protein 4 mRNA in human adipose tissue in obese and type 2 diabetics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓华; 魏丽; 王玲艳; 祝超瑜; 包玉倩; 贾伟平

    2010-01-01

    Objective To study the RBP4 mRNA expression between subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue in obese and type 2 diabetic patients and to investigate the factors that influence RBP4 mRNA expression in Human visceral adipose tissue. Methods 9 individuals with normal weight normal glucose regulation subjects, 9 obesity subjects and 9 type 2 diabetes subjects were enrolled. All of the subjects were prepared to undergone an operation because of nondiabetes disease. Subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue were taken out as soon as cultured. RT-PCR and Real-time PCR were used to assay the relative expression of RBP4 mRNA. Results RBP4 mRNA level in visceral adipose tissue of obesity group was (2. 10 ± 1.84),and that of type 2 diabetes group was ( 1.54 ± 0. 46 ), both were significantly higher than that in normal weight normal glucose group ( 0. 75 ± 0. 28, P < 0. 01 , P < 0. 05 ). RBP4 mRNA level in subcutaneous adipose tissue of the three groups were ( 1.05 ±0. 15 vs 0. 99 ±0. 14 vs 1.13 ±0. 07), no difference among them(P > 0. 05 ). Insulin, dexamethasone, pioglitazone, free fatty acids can significantly increase RBP4 mRNA expression, compared with the control group, respectively, have an increase of 2. 13 times, 0. 84times, 2. 04 times, 4. 88 times; however, tumor necrosis factor-αt can significantly lower RBP4 mRNA level, compared with the control group decreased by 38%. Conclusion RBP4 mRNA expression in visceral adipose tissue were significantly higher in obesity and type 2 diabetes subjects. In vitro system, RBP4 gene expression in visceral adipose tissue of normal weight normal glucose subjects was regulated by insulin,dexamethasone, pioglitazone, palmitic acid and TNF-α, such factors were also participated in the pathophysiological process of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.%目的 研究肥胖及2型糖尿病患者皮下和腹内脂肪组织视黄醇结合蛋白4(RBP4)mRNA的表达差异,并探讨影响其表达调控的因素.方法 选取2007年1-6月因非代谢性疾病而接受腹部择期手术的正常体重正常糖调节、单纯肥胖、2型糖尿病患者各9例,取皮下和腹内脂肪组织,用RT-PCR法检测RBP4 mRNA的表达,并在体外对正常体重正常糖调节者腹内脂肪组织分别与一定浓度的胰岛素、地塞米松、棕榈酸、肿瘤坏死因子-α、吡咯列酮共培养,用RT-PCR法检测药物对腹内脂肪组织RBP4 mRNA表达的变化.结果 肥胖和2型糖尿病患者腹内脂肪RBP4 mRNA的表达均显著高于正常体重正常糖调节者(分别为2.10±1.84和1.54±0.46比0.75±0.28,P<0.01和P<0.05),并明显高于相应的皮下脂肪组织;3组人群间皮下脂肪组织RBP4 mRNA的表达差异无统计学意义(1.05±0.15比0.99±0.14比1.13±0.07,P>0.05);药物胰岛素、地塞米松、吡咯列酮、棕榈酸能显著上调RBP4 mRNA的表达,与对照组相比,分别上升了2.13、0.84、2.04、4.88倍;肿瘤坏死因子-α显著下调RBP4 mRNA的表达,较对照组下降了38%.结论 肥胖和2型糖尿病患者腹内脂肪组织RBP4 mRNA的表达显著上升,正常体重正常糖调节者腹内脂肪组织RBP4 mRNA的表达受胰岛素、地塞米松等多种参与糖脂代谢及胰岛素抵抗因素的调控.

  1. 肺癌化疗患者早期肾损伤时血清CysC、RBP浓度的变化*%Measurement of Serum Cystatin C and Retinol-binding Protein as Renal Function Evaluation Indicators in Lung Cancer Patients during the Induction Phase of Chemotherapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖憬; 詹翔; 桑圣刚

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate the value of serum CysC and RBP to detect chemotherapy-induced early renal dysfunction in patients with lung cancer.Method:The concentration of surme CysC or RBP were detected in 32 cases of lung cancer chemotherapy by immune turbidimetry at first and second cycle in first course of treatment,simultaneously,the serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen were determined and 100 healthy subjects were enrolled as control group.Result:After two cycles of chemotherapy,the concentrations of CysC were obviously higher than before chemotherapy and control group(P0.05).The levels of BUN and Crea were only slightly higher after the second cycle of chemotherapy,the difference between before chemotherapy and control group were significant difference(P0.05).BUN、Crea水平仅在化疗后第二周期略有升高,与化疗前和对照组相比差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);与第一周期同期相比差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).经直线相关性分析显示:CysC和RBP含量变化与eGFR呈负相关(P<0.05).结论:与正常对照相比,化疗诱发早期肾损伤的患者其血清CysC和RBP浓度明显升高,检测血清CysC和RBP浓度有助于化疗诱发早期肾损伤的诊断,具有较高的临床应用价值.

  2. Influência da resposta inflamatória de fase aguda nos níveis séricos de retinol e da proteína de ligação do retinol em pacientes com AIDS Influence of acute-phase inflammatory response on serum levels of retinol and retinol binding protein in HIV/AIDS patients

    OpenAIRE

    Fábio Fernandes Neves; José Fernando de Castro Figueiredo; Alceu Afonso Jordão Júnior; Hélio Vannucchi

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUÇÃO: a hiporretinolemia constitui fator prognóstico independente em pacientes com AIDS, e a atividade inflamatória causa redução dos níveis séricos deste nutriente na população em geral. Entretanto, faltam estudos que avaliem o impacto da atividade inflamatória sobre o nível sérico do retinol em pacientes com AIDS. MÉTODOS: foram avaliados transversalmente 41 pacientes internados por complicações da AIDS, que tiveram quantificados alguns marcadores de inflamação (proteína C reativa e f...

  3. Change and clinical significance of serum retinol-binding protein 4 level in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease%非酒精性脂肪肝患者血清视黄醇结合蛋白4的变化及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洪梅; 许华强; 丁俊蓉; 杨燕燕; 董红旗

    2009-01-01

    7、0.361、0.387、0.259、0.366、0.342、0.338、0.379,P<0.01).结论 非酒精性脂肪肝患者血清RBP4水平升高,且与HOMA-IR呈正相关,提示RBP4在IR的发展中可能起一定的作用.%levels are elevated in patients with NAFL and correlated with HOMA-IR, suggesting RBP4 may participate in the development of IR and NAFL.

  4. The Roles of Serum Visfatin and Retinol Binding Protein 4 in Patients with Type2 Diabetes Mellitus Complicated with Coronary Heart Disease%2型糖尿病合并冠心病患者血清内脂素和视黄醇结合蛋白4的临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张高健; 邱蔚

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨血清内脂素(visfatin)和视黄醇结合蛋白4(RBP4)水平与2 型糖尿病(T2DM)合并冠心病(CHD)的临床意义.方法 选取单纯T2DM(T2DM 组)患者61 例、T2DM 合并CHD(T2DM + CHD 组)患者58 例、单纯CHD(CHD 组)患者60 例、门诊健康体检者(对照组)60 例,检测各组血清内脂素、RBP4 水平、空腹血糖(FBG) 、总胆固醇(TC) 、三酰甘油(TG) 、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(LDL-C) 、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDL-C)水平,HbA1c 和空腹血清胰岛素(FINS),计算胰岛素抵抗指数(HOMA-IR) 、体重指数(BMI)及腰臀比(WHR),并作相关性分析.结果 T2DM + CHD 组血清内脂素和RBP4 水平均明显高于T2DM 组、CHD 组和对照组,差异均有统计学意义(q = 2.56 ~ 3.13,均P < 0.05).T2DM + CHD 组内脂素水平与WHR 、RBP4 、TG 和HOMA-IR 呈正相关( r = 0.27 ~ 0.52,均P < 0.05);T2DM 与RBP4 和HbA1c密切相关(OR= 2.09 ~ 3.67,P = 0.05),T2DM 合并CHD 与内脂素、RBP4 和TG 密切相关(OR = 2.13 ~ 3.81,P =0.05).结论 血清内脂素和RBP4 与T2DM 合并CHD 的发病有一定联系.

  5. Expression of Bovine Leukemia Virus Genome is Blocked by a Nonimmunoglobulin Protein in Plasma from Infected Cattle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, P.; Ferrer, J. F.

    1982-01-01

    Plasma of cattle infected with bovine leukemia virus contains a soluble factor that blocks the expression of the viral genome in cultured lymphocytes. The blocking factor is not present in plasma of bovine leukemia virus-free cattle or of cattle infected with common bovine viruses. Blocking of bovine leukemia virus expression by the plasma factor is reversible, and seems to be mediated by a nonimmunoglobulin protein molecule.

  6. ENO1 Protein Levels in the Tumor Tissues and Circulating Plasma Samples of Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying ZHANG

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Proper tumor markers are useful to diagnosis, prognosis and treatment for lung cancer. The aim of this study is to examine the levels of alpha-enolase (ENO1 protein in the tumor tissues and peripheral plasma samples obtained from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC patients, and evaluate its potential clinical significance. Methods The ENO1 protein levels in the tumor tissues and corresponding normal tissues from 16 cases of lung squamous cell carcinoma were analyzed by Western blot. The ENO1 protein levels in the plasma samples from 42 healthy individuals, 34 patients with lung benign disease and 84 patients with NSCLC were measured by double antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results For 87.5% (14/16 of the patients with lung squamous cell carcinoma, the ENO1 protein level in the tumor tissues was higher than that in the corresponding normal lung tissues. The ENO1 protein level in the plasma of NSCLC patients was significantly higher than that in the plasma of healthy individuals (P=0.031 and patients with lung benign disease (P=0.019. Furthermore, the ENO1 protein level was significantly higher in the plasma of patients with lung adenocarcinoma than that of patients with lung squamous cell carcinoma. Conclusion The elevated levels of ENO1 protein in the tumor tissues and the plasma samples from NSCLC patients indicate ENO1 may be a candidate biomarker of lung cancer.

  7. Krill protein hydrolysate reduces plasma triacylglycerol level with concurrent increase in plasma bile acid level and hepatic fatty acid catabolism in high-fat fed mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie S. Ramsvik

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Krill powder, consisting of both lipids and proteins, has been reported to modulate hepatic lipid catabolism in animals. Fish protein hydrolysate diets have also been reported to affect lipid metabolism and to elevate bile acid (BA level in plasma. BA interacts with a number of nuclear receptors and thus affects a variety of signaling pathways, including very low density lipoprotein (VLDL secretion. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether a krill protein hydrolysate (KPH could affect lipid and BA metabolism in mice. Method: C57BL/6 mice were fed a high-fat (21%, w/w diet containing 20% crude protein (w/w as casein (control group or KPH for 6 weeks. Lipids and fatty acid composition were measured from plasma, enzyme activity and gene expression were analyzed from liver samples, and BA was measured from plasma. Results: The effect of dietary treatment with KPH resulted in reduced levels of plasma triacylglycerols (TAG and non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs. The KPH treated mice had also a marked increased plasma BA concentration. The increased plasma BA level was associated with induction of genes related to membrane canalicular exporter proteins (Abcc2, Abcb4 and to BA exporters to blood (Abcc3 and Abcc4. Of note, we observed a 2-fold increased nuclear farnesoid X receptor (Fxr mRNA levels in the liver of mice fed KPH. We also observed increased activity of the nuclear peroxiosme proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα target gene carnitine plamitoyltransferase 2 (CPT-2. Conclusion: The KPH diet showed to influence lipid and BA metabolism in high-fat fed mice. Moreover, increased mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation and elevation of BA concentration may regulate the plasma level of TAGs and NEFAs.

  8. Differential regulation of plasma proteins between members of a family with homozygous HbE and HbEβ-thalassemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suchismita Halder

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In this report we’ve compared the plasma protein profiles of 4 individuals in a family. Father and the younger son both are hemoglobin (Hb Eβ-thalassemic {Cod 26 (G-A/IVS 1- 5 (G-C}, but the father never requires transfusion, whereas the younger son requires monthly blood transfusion. Mother and the elder son are HbEE {Cod 26 (G-A/Cod 26 (GA} without any history of transfusion. Proteomic study was done on the plasma fraction of the blood following ammonium sulphate precipitation. Proteins were separated by 2D-gel electrophoresis, expression of proteins compared by densitometry and proteins identified by tandem MALDI mass spectrometry. Proteins responsible in hemolysis, hypercoagulation and hemoglobin scavenging have shown differential regulation, establishing the relation between the differences in the levels of plasma proteins with the progression of the disease phenotype, manifested in the extent of transfusion dependence of the patient.

  9. Seminal plasma proteins interacting with sperm surface revert capacitation indicators in frozen-thawed ram sperm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ledesma, Alba; Fernández-Alegre, Estela; Cano, Adriana; Hozbor, Federico; Martínez-Pastor, Felipe; Cesari, Andreína

    2016-10-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of interacting seminal plasma proteins (iSPP) obtained by AV or EE on frozen-thawed ram sperm in order to test the hypothesis whether this fraction could be sufficient to emulate the effect of complete seminal plasma (SP). Additionally, we evaluated whether these proteins have a differential effect between spermatozoa from high and low fertility rams and between breeding and non-breeding seasons. We assessed sperm motility, quality parameters (intracellular reactive oxygen species, membrane fluidity, plasma membrane permeability and mitochondrial activity) and capacitation status. The main findings from this work were: i) iSPP had no effect on sperm motility, whereas SP (AV or EE) addition produced the highest values of total motility (74.13±2.99 and 72.27±2.99 for AV and EE, respectively) and progressive motility (64.97±2.64 and 63.73±2.64 for AV and EE, respectively); ii) iSPP had no effect on sperm quality parameters (p>0.05), but whole SP improved all parameters evaluated. Moreover, SP collected by AV yielded significantly higher viability (44.60±2.87) and sperm with stable plasma membrane (44.56±2.49) comparing with the addition of SP collected by EE (35.80±2.47 and 36.67±1.71, respectively); iii) iSPP and SP collected by EE, but not by AV, reverted molecular signals of capacitation as protein tyrosine phosphorylation caused by freezing temperatures; iv) there were no effects of fertility or season in sperm quality parameters evaluated. This study demonstrated that, although the iSPP have a clear decapacitating effect, including the ability to revert cryo-capacitation indicators, they are not sufficient to emulate the effects of complete SP regarding sperm functional parameters.

  10. Specific alterations in plasma proteins during depressed, manic, and euthymic states of bipolar disorder

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, Y.R. [Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing (China); Chongqing Key Laboratory of Neurobiology, Chongqing (China); Institute of Neuroscience and the Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain Science, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing (China); Wu, B. [Chongqing Key Laboratory of Neurobiology, Chongqing (China); Institute of Neuroscience and the Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain Science, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing (China); Yang, Y.T.; Chen, J. [Department of Neurolo