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Sample records for open-wedge high-tibial osteotomies

  1. Modified retro-tubercle opening-wedge versus conventional high tibial osteotomy.

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    Keyhani, Sohrab; Abbasian, Mohammad Reza; Kazemi, Seyed Morteza; Esmailiejah, Ali Akbar; Seyed Hosseinzadeh, Hamid Reza; Shahi, Alisina; Shahi, Ali Sina; Firouzi, Farzad

    2011-01-01

    Despite the fact that common surgical techniques for the treatment of genu varum usually correct the malalignment in the affected knee, these methods have significant complications and cause problems in the long term. Retro-tubercle opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy is among the newer techniques for the treatment of genu varum. The goal of this study was to compare the results of retro-tubercle opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy with those of medial opening-wedge osteotomy. In a randomized, controlled trial, 72 patients with varus knees who were scheduled for surgery were assigned into either the retro-tubercle opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (n=34) or medial opening-wedge osteotomy groups (n=38). Groups were matched for age and sex. The position of the patella was compared with respect to the tuberosity and the upper tibial slope pre- and postoperatively. Patients were followed for an average of 13 months (range, 10-21 months). In the retro-tubercle opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy group, the length of the patellar tendon did not significantly differ pre- and postoperatively (P≥.5); however, in the medial opening-wedge osteotomy group, a statistically significant shortening was noted in patellar tendon postoperatively (P≤.05). Similarly, the tibial plateau inclination showed a statistically significant difference postoperatively in the medial opening-wedge osteotomy group, while the difference in the retro-tubercle opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy group did not reach statistical significance.

  2. Sagittal osteotomy inclination in medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy.

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    Lee, Seung-Yup; Lim, Hong-Chul; Bae, Ji Hoon; Kim, Jae Gyoon; Yun, Se-Hyeok; Yang, Jae-Hyuk; Yoon, Jung-Ro

    2017-03-01

    Unlike postoperative changes in posterior tibial slope after medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy, sagittal osteotomy inclination has not been examined. It has been recommended that the osteotomy line in the sagittal plane be parallel to the medial posterior tibial slope. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of parallel osteotomy in medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy. To determine the sagittal osteotomy inclination, the angle between the medial joint line and the osteotomy line was measured in the lateral radiograph. A positive angle value indicates that the osteotomy is anteriorly inclined relative to the medial posterior tibial slope. Correlation between the sagittal osteotomy inclination and posterior tibial slope was also evaluated. The mean sagittal osteotomy inclination was 15.1 ± 7.5°. The majority 87.1 % of knees showed an anterior-inclined osteotomy. There was a significantly positive correlation between the postoperative posterior tibial slope and the sagittal osteotomy inclination (r, 0.33; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.19-0.46; P osteotomy inclination (r, 0.35; 95 % CI 0.21-0.47; P osteotomy in the sagittal plane relative to the medial joint line was planned, only 12.9 % of cases achieved osteotomy parallel to the medial posterior tibial slope in the sagittal plane. Because of high rate of the anterior-inclined osteotomy and their correlations with posterior tibial slope, surgeons should make all efforts to perform parallel osteotomy relative to medial posterior tibial slope. IV.

  3. Measurement of tibial slope angle after medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy: case series

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    Ricardo Hideki Yanasse

    Full Text Available CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: In the past, changes in tibial slope were not considered when planning or evaluating osteotomies, and success in high tibial osteotomy was related to the alignment and amount of femorotibial angular correction. The aim here was to measure changes in tibial slope after medial opening wedge tibial osteotomy and investigate the effect of tibial slope angle on the clinical results. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective review study on a series of cases, at the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculdade de Medicina de Marília (Famema, Marília, Brazil. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients were studied, and a total of thirty-one knees. Lateral roentgenograms of the tibia were used pre and postoperatively to measure the tibial slope based on the proximal tibial anatomical axis. The clinical results were measured using the Lysholm knee score. RESULTS: There was an average increase in tibial slope angle after surgery of 2.38° (95% confidence interval: ± 0.73°. There was no correlation (r = -0.28 between the postoperative Lysholm knee score and the difference in tibial slope angle from before to after surgery (P = 0.13. CONCLUSION: Medial opening wedge tibial osteotomy led to a small increase in tibial slope. No significant correlation was found between increased tibial slope and short-term clinical results after high tibial osteotomy. Other clinical studies are needed in order to establish whether extension or flexion osteotomy could benefit patients with medial compartment gonarthrosis.

  4. Open Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy and Combined Arthroscopic Surgery in Severe Medial Osteoarthritis and Varus Malalignment: Minimum 5-Year Results

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    Yoo, Moon-Jib; Shin, Yong-Eun

    2016-01-01

    Purpose To evaluate the radiologic and functional outcomes of medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) combined with arthroscopic procedure in patients with medial osteoarthritis. Materials and Methods From June 1996 to March 2010, 26 patients (32 knees) who underwent medial open wedge osteotomy and arthroscopic operation for medial osteoarthritis were retrospectively reviewed. Measurements included hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle, femorotibial angle, medial proximal tibial angle, posterior t...

  5. Open-wedge high tibial osteotomy: incidence of lateral cortex fractures and influence of fixation device on osteotomy healing.

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    Dexel, Julian; Fritzsche, Hagen; Beyer, Franziska; Harman, Melinda K; Lützner, Jörg

    2017-03-01

    Open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) is an established treatment for young and middle-aged patients with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis and varus malalignment. Although not intended, a lateral cortex fracture might occur during this procedure. Different fixation devices are available to repair such fractures. This study was performed to evaluate osteotomy healing after fixation with two different locking plates. Sixty-nine medial open-wedge HTO without bone grafting were followed until osteotomy healing. In patients with an intact lateral hinge, no problems were noted with either locking plate. A fracture of the lateral cortex occurred in 21 patients (30.4 %). In ten patients, the fracture was not recognized during surgery but was visible on the radiographs at the 6-week follow-up. Lateral cortex fracture resulted in non-union with the need for surgical treatment in three out of eight (37.5 %) patients using the newly introduced locking plate (Position HTO Maxi Plate), while this did not occur with a well-established locking plate (TomoFix) (0 out of 13, p = 0.023). With regard to other adverse events, no differences between both implants were observed. In cases of lateral cortex fracture, fixation with a smaller locking plate resulted in a relevant number of non-unions. Therefore, it is recommended that bone grafting, another fixation system, or an additional lateral fixation should be used in cases with lateral cortex fracture. III.

  6. Medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy alters knee moments in multiple planes during walking and stair ascent.

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    Leitch, Kristyn M; Birmingham, Trevor B; Dunning, Cynthia E; Giffin, J Robert

    2015-07-01

    Medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy is a surgical procedure intended to redistribute loads on the knee in patients with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis (OA). The surgery may affect moments in multiple planes during ambulation, with potential beneficial or detrimental effects on joint loads. The objective of this study was to investigate three-dimensional external knee moments before and after medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy during level walking and during stair ascent. Fourteen patients with varus alignment and osteoarthritis primarily affecting the medial compartment of the tibiofemoral joint were assessed. Three-dimensional motion analyses during level walking and stair ascent was evaluated using inverse dynamics before, 6 and 12 months after surgery. Mean changes at 12 months suggested decreases in the peak knee adduction, flexion and internal rotation moments, with standardized response means ranging from 0.15 to 2.54. These decreases were observed despite increases in speed. Changes in alignment were associated with changes in the adduction and internal rotation moments, but not the flexion moment. Both pre- and postoperatively, the peak knee adduction moment was significantly lower (p=0.001) during stair ascent than during level walking, while the flexion and internal rotation moments were significantly higher (pplanes of motion during ambulation, suggesting substantial alterations of the loads on the knee during ambulation.

  7. Intraoperative adjustment of alignment under valgus stress reduces outliers in patients undergoing medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy.

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    Kim, Man Soo; Son, Jong Min; Koh, In Jun; Bahk, Ji Hoon; In, Yong

    2017-08-01

    A considerable percentage of outliers with under- or over-correction continue to be reported despite precise preoperative planning and cautious intraoperative correction of lower limb alignment in medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO). The purpose of this study was to determine whether our novel technique for the intraoperative adjustment of alignment under valgus stress reduces the number of outliers in patients undergoing MOWHTO compared to the conventional technique, which corrects alignment according to the cable method only. One hundred seventeen consecutive knees were enrolled in this case-control study. The first 52 knees (51 patients) were corrected in accordance with preoperative plans using the Dugdale method with modification with an intraoperative cable (group 1). In the other 65 knees (60 patients), the angle was corrected using the Dugdale method and limb alignment was adjusted using the intraoperative cable technique by applying valgus stress to the knee joint (group 2). The postoperative weight bearing line ratios and mechanical axis of the lower limb were compared at postoperative one year. Each knee was evaluated according to the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score preoperatively and at postoperative one year. A significant reduction in the number of outliers was seen in group 2 compared to group 1 (group 1 = 48.1%, group 2 = 9.2%, p outliers compared to a technique that corrected alignment using the cable method in patients undergoing MOWHTO. Level III, retrospective comparative study.

  8. Stress analysis of the tibial plateau according to the difference of blade path entry in opening wedge high tibial osteotomy

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    Lee, Jun Woo; Xin, YuanZhu; Yang, Seok Jo [Chungnam National University, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Ji, Jong Hun; Panchal, Karnav; Kwon, Oh Soo [The Catholic University of Korea, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-03-15

    High tibial osteotomy (HTO) has been used to successfully treat patients with genu varus deformities that can improve mechanical function and condition in the knee joint. Clinical studies have reported that bow legs often occur with a concentrated load on the varus of the tibia. This study aimed to analyze and verify the clinical test data result by utilizing the three-dimensional (3D) static finite element method (FEM). The 3D model of lower extremities, which include the femur, tibia, meniscus, and knee articular cartilage, was created using the images from a computer tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging. In this report, we compared changes in stress distribution and force reaction on the tibial plateau because of critical problems caused by unexpected changes in the tibial posterior-slope angle because of HTO. The results showed that the 5 .deg. wedge-angle virtual opening wedge HTO without and with the posterior-slope angle shows has a load concentration of approximately 60% and 45% in the medial region, respectively.

  9. The prevention of a lateral hinge fracture as a complication of a medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy: a case control study.

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    Ogawa, H; Matsumoto, K; Akiyama, H

    2017-07-01

    We aimed to investigate factors related to the technique of medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy which might predispose to the development of a lateral hinge fracture. A total of 71 patients with 82 osteotomies were included in the study. Their mean age was 62.9 years (37 to 80). The classification of the type of osteotomy was based on whether it extended beyond the fibular head. The level of the osteotomy was classified according to the height of its endpoint. At a mean follow-up of 20 months (6 to 52), a total of 15 lateral hinge fractures (18.3%) were identified. A sufficient osteotomy, in which both anterior and posterior tibial cortices were involved with extension into the lateral aspect of the plateau in relation to an anteroposterior line tangential to the medial edge of the fibular head in the CT axial plane, was seen in 48 knees (71.6%) in those without a lateral hinge fracture and in seven (46.7%) in those with a lateral hinge fracture. An osteotomy which ended above the level of the fibular head was seen in nine (13.4%) of the knees without a lateral hinge fracture and seven (46.7%) of the those with a lateral hinge fracture. There was a significant relationship between the absence of a lateral hinge fracture and both a sufficient osteotomy and one whose endpoint was at the level of the fibular head (p = 0.0451 and p = 0.0214, respectively). A sufficient osteotomy involving both the anterior and posterior cortices, whose endpoint is at the level of the fibular head, should be performed when undertaking a medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy if a lateral hinge fracture is to be avoided as a complication. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2017;99-B:887-93. ©2017 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

  10. Comparison of clinical and radiological outcomes between opening-wedge and closing-wedge high tibial osteotomy: A comprehensive meta-analysis

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    Wu, Lingfeng; Lin, Jun; Jin, Zhicheng; Cai, Xiaobin; Gao, Weiyang

    2017-01-01

    High tibial osteotomy (HTO) has been widely used for clinical treatment of osteoarthritis of the medial compartment of the knee, and both opening-wedge and closing-wedge HTO are the most commonly used methods. However, it remains unclear which technique has better clinical and radiological outcomes in practice. To systematically evaluate this issue, we conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis by pooling all available data for the opening-wedge HTO and closing-wedge HTO techniques from the electronic databases including PubMed, Embase, Wed of Science and Cochrane Library. A total of 22 studies encompassing 2582 cases were finally enrolled in the meta-analysis. There was no significant difference regarding surgery time, duration of hospitalization, knee pain VAS, Lysholm score and HSS knee score (clinical outcomes) between the opening-wedge and closing-wedge HTO groups (P > 0.05). However, the opening-wedge HTO group showed wider range of motion than the closing-wedge HTO group (P = 0.003). Moreover, as for Hip-Knee-Ankle angle and mean angle of correction, no significant difference was observed between the opening-wedge and closing-wedge HTO groups (P > 0.05), while the opening-wedge HTO group showed greater posterior tibial slope angle (P < 0.001) and lesser patellar height than the closing-wedge HTO group (P < 0.001). On light of the above analysis, we believe that individualized surgical approach should be introduced based on the clinical characteristics of each patient. PMID:28182736

  11. ACL injury while jumping rope in a patient with an unintended increase in the tibial slope after an opening wedge high tibial osteotomy.

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    Jung, Kwang Am; Lee, Su Chan; Hwang, Seung Hyun; Song, Moon Bok

    2009-08-01

    High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is an accepted surgical technique for the treatment of medial compartmental arthrosis of the knee in younger patients. Compared to total knee arthroplasty, HTO may be a good choice in patients who wish to continue with heavy labor and/or impact sports. Based on the rehabilitation protocol after HTO, impact sports, such as running, jumping rope, and full sports activities, are generally permitted 6 months postoperatively. Jumping rope is an excellent form of aerobic exercise, and when done properly, jumping rope can lead to a dramatic improvement in rehabilitation and full sports activities. However, an adequate evaluation should be performed prior to initiating impact sports. We present the case of a ruptured anterior cruciate ligament that occurred in a patient with an unintended increase in the tibial slope after an opening wedge HTO who was jumping rope.

  12. Comparison between two angular stable locking plates for medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy: Decisive wedge locking plate versus TomoFix™.

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    Shin, Young-Soo; Kim, Keong-Ho; Sim, Hyun-Bo; Yoon, Jung-Ro

    2016-11-01

    An adequate stable fixation implant should be used for medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) to promote rapid bone healing without complications. This study compared the radiographic and clinical outcomes as well as plate-specific complications between two angular stable locking plates in patients following MOWHTO. This prospective study involved 97 patients (50 with DWL(®), group I; 47 with TomoFix™, group II) undergoing MOWHTO for primary medial compartment osteoarthritis between 2010 and 2013. Clinical and radiographic evaluations were performed by using the HSS and WOMAC scores, and calculating mechanical femorotibial angle (mFTA), medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA), joint line convergence angle (JLCA), and posterior tibial slope (PTS) on radiographs both preoperatively and after 3 years. A statistically significant difference was observed for the MPTA at the last follow-up between the two groups (P = 0.033). Additionally, the last follow-up MPTA of group I was associated with the osteotomy technique (P = 0.004) and preoperative JLCA (P = 0.034) whereas the last follow-up MPTA of group II was associated with gender (P = 0.001) and BMI (P = 0.008). Furthermore, the results showed that group I had a higher rate of non-union (4%) compared to that in group II (0%). Both locking plates are useful tools in the treatment of medial compartment knee osteoarthritis with varus deformity in young, active patients. However, under special consideration of the complication we found in present study, the TomoFix™ seems to be a better alternative in using the MOWHTO for highly demanding patients. Copyright © 2016 The Japanese Orthopaedic Association. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Comparison of Lateral Closing-Wedge Versus Medial Opening-Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy on Knee Joint Alignment and Kinematics in the ACL-Deficient Knee.

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    Ranawat, Anil S; Nwachukwu, Benedict U; Pearle, Andrew D; Zuiderbaan, Hendrik A; Weeks, Kenneth D; Khamaisy, Saker

    2016-12-01

    Lateral closing-wedge (LCW) and medial opening-wedge (MOW) high tibial osteotomies (HTOs) correct varus knee alignment and stabilize the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-deficient knee. Tibiofemoral and patellofemoral alignment and kinematics after HTO are not well quantified. To compare the effect of LCW and MOW HTO on tibiofemoral and patellofemoral alignment in the ACL-deficient knee. Controlled laboratory study. Anterior drawer, Lachman, and pivot-shift tests were performed on cadaveric specimens (N = 16), and anterior tibial translation and tibial rotation were measured for the native and ACL-sectioned knee. The right and left knee of each cadaveric specimen underwent an LCW and MOW HTO, respectively, and stability testing was repeated. All cadavers underwent pre- and postosteotomy computerized tomography with 3-dimensional computer modeling to determine the effect of HTO on posterior tibial slope, as well as tibial and patellofemoral axial plane alignment (tibial axial rotation and patellar axial tilt). Correction to neutral coronal alignment was obtained with both osteotomy techniques; however, larger posterior tibial slope neutralization was achieved with LCW compared with MOW (mean ± SD, 11° ± 3.8° vs 5° ± 5°). LCW demonstrated a greater decrease in anterior tibial translation (P rotation with pivot shift. Relative to MOW, LCW resulted in greater tibial axial rotation and patellar axial tilt (7.7° ± 4° and 5.6° ± 3.9° [LCW], 2.8° ± 2.3° and 2.4° ± 0.9° [MOW], respectively; P rotation and lateral patellar tilt, which may adversely affect the patellofemoral joint. More work is needed to understand the clinical and functional outcome of these biomechanical findings in the ACL-deficient knee. © 2016 The Author(s).

  14. Patellofemoral Osteoarthritis Progression and Alignment Changes after Open-Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy Do Not Affect Clinical Outcomes at Mid-term Follow-up.

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    Goshima, Kenichi; Sawaguchi, Takeshi; Shigemoto, Kenji; Iwai, Shintaro; Nakanishi, Akira; Ueoka, Ken

    2017-10-01

    To evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) with respect to the patellofemoral joint and to assess whether patellofemoral osteoarthritis (OA) progression and alignment changes after OWHTO affect clinical outcomes. Inclusion criteria were consecutive patients who underwent OWHTO from March 2005 to September 2013. Exclusion criteria were loss to follow-up within 2 years and absence of second-look arthroscopy findings at the time of plate removal. The clinical parameters, including anterior knee pain while climbing stairs, Japanese Orthopedic Association score, and Oxford Knee Score, were evaluated. Radiological outcomes, including weight-bearing line ratio, modified Blackburne-Peel ratio, posterior tibial slope, tilting angle, lateral shift ratio, and patellofemoral OA (Kellgren-Lawrence grade), were evaluated preoperatively and at the final follow-up. Cartilage status (International Cartilage Repair Society grade) was evaluated at the initial HTO and at plate removal. Fifty-three patients (60 knees) were included in this study. The mean follow-up was 58.2 ± 22.4 months. Two knees (3%) presented with mild anterior knee pain after OWHTO. The mean Japanese Orthopedic Association score (66.9 ± 11.2 to 91.2 ± 9.7) significantly improved (P < .001), and the mean Oxford Knee Score at the final follow-up was 42.0 ± 5.3. The mean modified Blackburne-Peel ratio (0.9 ± 0.1 to 0.7 ± 0.1, P < .001) and tilting angle (6.8 ± 3.7 to 5.6 ± 3.4, P = .033) significantly decreased after OWHTO, whereas no significant changes in posterior tibial slope (P = .511) and lateral shift ratio (P = .522) were observed. Radiologically, patellofemoral OA had progressed in 15 knees (27%), and arthroscopically patellofemoral cartilage degeneration had progressed in 27 knees (45%). However, there was no significant correlation between changes in patellofemoral alignment and clinical outcomes. Changes in patellofemoral alignment and

  15. Osteotomy configuration of the proximal wedge and analysis of the affecting factors in the medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy.

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    Lee, Yong Seuk; Kang, Jong Yeal; Lee, Myung Chul; Elazab, Ashraf; Choi, Uk Hyun; Kang, Seo Goo; Lee, Kyoung Jae; Lee, Sahnghoon

    2017-03-01

    The purposes of this study were (1) to confirm the disparity of the measured thickness at the lateral hinge between anterior-posterior (AP) radiograph and 3D CT image, (2) to evaluate the affecting factors, and (3) to evaluate the differences between uniplanar and biplanar osteotomies. From 2012 to 2014, a prospective comparative study was performed with 30 patients who received uniplanar osteotomy (group I) and 35 patients who received biplanar osteotomy (group II). For measurement of the proximal wedge, postoperative AP radiograph and 3D CT images were used. In the AP radiograph, medial and lateral bony bridge thicknesses were measured. In the 3D CT, the anterior and posterior images parallel to the coronal plane were selected for the evaluation. Coronal osteotomy slope was measured with the anterior image of the 3D CT scan. Sagittal osteotomy slope was measured with the sagittal section of the CT scan. Differences between the lateral bony bridge thicknesses measured in AP radiograph and the posterolateral posterolateral bony bridge thicknesses measured in 3D CT were statistically significant in both groups. Negative correlation was observed in the biplanar osteotomy group. Differences of the sagittal osteotomy slope from the native tibial slope showed negative correlation in the biplanar osteotomy group. Thickness of the posterolateral bony bridge was smaller compared to the observed thickness on the AP radiograph image that is routinely used for the follow-up. The thickness would be getting smaller if osteotomy is performed with an abrupt angle on the coronal plane and reverse slope on the sagittal plane. Therefore, osteotomy with abrupt angle on the coronal plane and reverse slope on the sagittal plane should be avoided for the proper thickness of the posterolateral bony bridge. III.

  16. Relaxation of the MCL after an Open-Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy results in decreasing contact pressures of the knee over time.

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    van Egmond, N; Hannink, G; Janssen, D; Vrancken, A C; Verdonschot, N; van Kampen, A

    2017-03-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of a medial open-wedge osteotomy (OWO) and the release of the superficial medial collateral ligament (MCL) on the tibiofemoral cartilage pressure, the MCL tension and the valgus laxity of the knee. Seven fresh-frozen, human cadaveric knees were used. Medial and lateral mean contact pressure (CP), peak contact pressure (peakCP), and contact area (CA) were measured using a pressure-sensitive film (I-Scan; Tekscan, Boston, MA). The MCL tension was measured using a custom-made device. These measurements were continuously recorded for 5 min after an OWO of 10°. After the osteotomy, the valgus laxity was measured with a handheld Newtonmeter. For one knee, the measurements were continued for 24 h. At the end, a complete release of the superficial MCL was performed and the measurements were repeated at 10°. There was relaxation of the MCL after the osteotomy; the tension dropped in 5 min with 10.7% (mean difference 20.5 N (95% CI 16.1-24.9)), and in 24 h, the tension decreased by 24.2% (absolute difference 38.8 N) (one knee). After the osteotomy, the mean CP, peakCP and CA increased in the medial compartment (absolute difference 0.17 MPa (95% CI 0.14-0.20), 0.27 MPa (95% CI 0.24-0.30), 132.9mm(2) (95% CI 67.7-198.2), respectively), and decreased in the lateral compartment (absolute difference 0.02 MPa (95% CI 0.03 -0.01), 0.08 MPa (95% CI 0.11 - 0.04), 47.0 mm(2) (95% CI -105.8 to 11.8), respectively). Only after a release of the superficial MCL, the mean CP, peak CP and CA significantly decreased in the medial compartment (absolute difference 0.17, 0.27 MPa, 119.8 mm(2), respectively), and increased in the lateral compartment (absolute difference 0.02, 0.11 MPa, 52.4 mm(2), respectively). After the release of the superficial MCL, a mean increase of 7.9° [mean difference - 0.1° (95% CI -1.9 to 1.6)] of the valgus laxity was found. A release of the superficial MCL helps achieve the goal of

  17. Medial opening wedge distal femoral osteotomy for post-traumatic secondary knee osteoarthritis.

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    Matsui, Gen; Akiyama, Takenori; Ikemura, Satoshi; Mawatari, Taro

    2014-04-30

    Osteoarthritis of the knee secondary to femoral fracture is difficult to treat. There are some surgical options, such as total knee arthroplasty or correction osteotomy. Opening wedge high tibial osteotomy is an established treatment of gonarthrosis. However, few reports are available on the effectiveness of a medial opening wedge distal femoral osteotomy. We present a case of a medial opening wedge distal femoral osteotomy on gonarthrosis secondary to a malunited femoral fracture with varus deformity and leg length discrepancy. This osteotomy was performed at the deformed femur, with locking plate fixation and autologous bone graft. Six months after the surgery, the osteotomy site was filled with bridging callus. Two years later, the Knee Society Score improved from 45 to 90 points. Medial opening wedge distal femoral osteotomy can be a useful method to treat knee osteoarthritis associated with distal femoral deformity.

  18. Mechanism of bone incorporation of beta-TCP bone substitute in open wedge tibial osteotomy in patients.

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    Gaasbeek, R.D.A.; Toonen, H.G.; Heerwaarden, R.J. van; Buma, P.

    2005-01-01

    A histological study was performed of bone biopsies from 16 patients (17 biopsies) treated with open wedge high tibial osteotomies for medial knee osteoarthritis. The open wedge osteotomies were filled with a wedge of osteoconductive beta tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP) ceramic bone replacement. At

  19. The efficacy of open-wedge high tibial osteotomy for varus knee%开放胫骨高位楔形截骨术治疗膝关节内翻畸形

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海宁; 冷萍; 王英振; 吕成昱; 王湘达; 王昌耀

    2010-01-01

    sixteen weeks after operation. No complications such as plate broken or injury of nerve or blood vessel had occurred. The mean correct angle was 9. 5°. No degenerative changes had developed in other compartments of the knee. The mechanical axis of the lower extremities was maintained during the follow-up. The overall satisfactory rate was 83.3%.Statistically significant changes exist in the Lysholm score and varus degree. Conclusion The open-wedge high tibial osteotomy is suitable for the symptomatic genu varum in younger patients with good short-term and mid-term results.

  20. Personalized implant for high tibial opening wedge: combination of solid freeform fabrication with combustion synthesis process.

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    Zhim, Fouad; Ayers, Reed A; Moore, John J; Moufarrège, Richard; Yahia, L'Hocine

    2012-09-01

    In this work a new generation of bioceramic personalized implants were developed. This technique combines the processes of solid freeform fabrication (SFF) and combustion synthesis (CS) to create personalized bioceramic implants with tricalcium phosphate (TCP) and hydroxyapatite (HA). These porous bioceramics will be used to fill the tibial bone gap created by the opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO). A freeform fabrication with three-dimensional printing (3DP) technique was used to fabricate a metallic mold with the same shape required to fill the gap in the opening wedge osteotomy. The mold was subsequently used in a CS process to fabricate the personalized ceramic implants with TCP and HA compositions. The mold geometry was designed on commercial 3D CAD software. The final personalized bioceramic implant was produced using a CS process. This technique was chosen because it exploits the exothermic reaction between P₂O₅ and CaO. Also, chemical composition and distribution of pores in the implant could be controlled. To determine the chemical composition, the microstructure, and the mechanical properties of the implant, cylindrical shapes were also fabricated using different fabrication parameters. Chemical composition was performed by X-ray diffraction. Pore size and pore interconnectivity was measured and analyzed using an electronic microscope system. Mechanical properties were determined by a mechanical testing system. The porous TCP and HA obtained have an open porous structure with an average 400 µm channel size. The mechanical behavior shows great stiffness and higher load to failure for both ceramics. Finally, this personalized ceramic implant facilitated the regeneration of new bone in the gap created by OWHTO and provides additional strength to allow accelerated rehabilitation.

  1. Effect of the Osteotomy Length on the Change of the Posterior Tibial Slope With a Simple Distraction of the Posterior Gap in the Uni- and Biplanar Open-Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy.

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    Lee, Yong Seuk; Kang, Jong Yeal; Lee, Myung Chul; Oh, Won Seok; Elazab, Ashraf; Song, Min Kyu

    2016-02-01

    To (1) determine the length of the osteotomy at the anterior and posterior cortex, (2) compare between uni- and biplanar osteotomy, and (3) evaluate the relationship between the extent of the osteotomy and change of the posterior tibial slope. A prospective comparative study of 24 uniplanar and 30 biplanar osteotomies was performed. To evaluate the length of osteotomy, osteotomy lines of the anterior and posterior cortex were analyzed in the 3-dimensional surface models. For slope measurement, the intramedullary axis of the proximal tibia (slope P), posterior cortical line of the proximal tibia (slope C), and anterior cortical line of the proximal fibula (slope F) were used. An analysis of the changes in the posterior tibial slope was performed independently using a pre- and postoperative lateral plane radiograph. In the uniplanar osteotomy, ratios of the osteotomized length to the total cortical length aligned with the osteotomized plane were larger in the anterior cortex (0.91 in uniplanar v 0.46 in biplanar; P = 0) and posterior cortex (0.97 in uniplanar v 0.79 ratio in biplanar; P = 0). Furthermore, the posterior tibial slope was maintained in both groups and the ratios between the anterior and posterior gap in both groups were 0.57 and 0.63, respectively. The maintenance of the slope was not related to any specific variables. Additionally, these phenomena did not differ between those patients who underwent uni- and those who underwent biplanar osteotomy. Increase in the posterior tibial slope was prevented with appropriate uni- or biplanar osteotomy with a simple distraction at the most posterior gap. However, in the uniplanar osteotomy, the ratio of the osteotomized length to the total cortical length was larger in both the anterior and posterior cortex. Copyright © 2016 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. High tibial osteotomy in varus knees: indications and limits

    Science.gov (United States)

    LOIA, MARCO CORGIAT; VANNI, STEFANIA; ROSSO, FEDERICA; BONASIA, DAVIDE EDOARDO; BRUZZONE, MATTEO; DETTONI, FEDERICO; ROSSI, ROBERTO

    2016-01-01

    Opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) is a surgical procedure that aims to correct the weight-bearing axis of the knee, moving the loads laterally from the medial compartment. Conventional indications for OWHTO are medial compartment osteoarthritis and varus malalignment of the knee; recently OWHTO has been used successfully in the treatment of double and triple varus. OWHTO, in contrast to closing wedge high tibial osteotomy, does not require fibular osteotomy or peroneal nerve dissection, or lead to disruption of the proximal tibiofibular joint and bone stock loss. For these reasons, interest in this procedure has grown in recent years. The aim of this study is to review the literature on OWHTO, considering indications and prognostic factors (body mass index, grade of osteoarthritis, instability, range of movement and age), outcomes at mid-term follow-up, and limits of the procedure (slope modifications, patellar height changes and difficulties in conversion to a total knee arthroplasty). PMID:27602350

  3. Patella height changes post high tibial osteotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siew Ghim Gooi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO is a well-described treatment in early medial compartmental osteoarthritis of the knee. However, two undesirable sequelae may follow –patella baja and changes in the posterior tibial slope (TS. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective study in patients who underwent HTO in our center between September 2009 and February 2017. Preoperative and 6-week postoperative long-leg weight bearing films and lateral knee radiographs were assessed. Pre- and postoperative radiological measurements include the Caton-Deschamps Index (CDI, the mechanical axis deviation (MAD, and the posterior TS. Independant t-test and Pearson correlation test were performed. Results: A total of 106 knees were recruited. The mean age was 48.8 ± 10.8 years. 66 (62.3% and 40 (37.7% knees were from males and females, respectively. The mean pre- and postoperative measurements was (−9.70° ± 3.67° to 0.08° ± 2.80° (−varus; +valgus for the MAD, (7.14° ± 1.78° to 8.72° ± 3.11° for posterior TS, and (0.93° ± 0.084° to 0.82° ± 0.13° for CDI (P ≤ 0.001 for all. The association between patella height change and the level of osteotomy (supra-tubercle vs. infra-tubercle was statistically significant (P < 0.001. A supra-tubercle osteotomy cut significantly lowering patella height (P = 0.011. There was otherwise no statistically significant correlations between patella height changes and the correction angle (P = 0.187 or posterior TS change (P = 0.744. Conclusions: A medial opening wedge HTO above the tibial tubercle was significantly associated with lowering patella height or reducing CDI postoperatively. Based on our results, we would recommend the use of an infra-tubercle osteotomy during the corrective surgery to prevent the complication of patella baja.

  4. Arthroscopic and computer-assisted high tibial osteotomy using standard total knee arthroplasty navigation software.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Stephen R; Zabtia, Nazar; Weening, Bradley; Zalzal, Paul

    2013-05-01

    Opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy is an increasingly performed procedure for treatment of varus gonarthrosis and correction of malalignment during meniscal transplantation or cartilage restoration. Precise preoperative planning and meticulous surgical technique are required to achieve an appropriate mechanical axis correction. We describe our technique of arthroscopic and computer-assisted high tibial osteotomy using commonly available total knee arthroplasty navigation software as an intraoperative goniometer. We believe that our technique, by providing intraoperative real-time guidance of the degree of correction that is accurate and reliable, represents a useful tool for the surgeon who uncommonly performs high tibial osteotomy.

  5. Open-wedge osteotomy using an internal plate fixator in patients with medial-compartment gonarthritis and varus malalignment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Niemeyer, Philipp; Schmal, Hagen; Hauschild, Oliver

    2010-01-01

    PURPOSE: Our purpose was to evaluate the 3-year clinical results of patients with medial-compartment osteoarthritis of the knee and varus malalignment who underwent open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) with an internal plate fixator (TomoFix; Synthes, Solothurn, Switzerland). Clinical results...... of patients reported discomfort related to the implant at some point during the follow-up period (40.6%). CONCLUSIONS: Open-wedge osteotomy by use of the TomoFix system leads to reliable 3-year results. Results do not depend on the severity of medial cartilage defects, whereas partial-thickness defects...

  6. Open wedge metatarsal osteotomy versus crescentic osteotomy to correct severe hallux valgus deformity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wester, Jens Ulrik; Hamborg-Petersen, Ellen; Herold, Niels

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Different techniques of proximal osteotomies have been introduced to correct severe hallux valgus. The open wedge osteotomy is a newly introduced method for proximal osteotomy. The aim of this prospective randomized study was to compare the radiological and clinical results after...... operation for severe hallux valgus, comparing the open wedge osteotomy to the crescentic osteotomy which is our traditional treatment. METHODS: Forty-five patients with severe hallux valgus (hallux valgus angle >35̊, and intermetatarsal angle >15̊) were included in this study. The treatment was proximal...... open wedge osteotomy and fixation with plate (Hemax), group 1, or operation with proximal crescentic osteotomy and fixation with a 3mm cannulated screw, group 2. The mean age was 52 years (19-71). Forty-one females and four males were included. Clinical and radiological follow-ups were performed 4...

  7. Effect of a biplanar osteotomy on primary stability following high tibial osteotomy: a biomechanical cadaver study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pape, Dietrich; Lorbach, Olaf; Schmitz, Christian; Busch, Lüder C; Van Giffen, Nicolien; Seil, Romain; Kohn, Dieter M

    2010-02-01

    Open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) is becoming increasingly popular for the treatment of varus gonarthrosis in the active patient. The various implants used in HTO differ with regard to its design, the fixation stability and osteotomy technique. It is assumed that the combination of a plate fixator with a biplanar, v-shaped osteotomy supports bone healing. So far, there are no biomechanical studies that quantify the stabilizing effect of a biplanar versus uniplanar osteotomy. We hypothesized that a significant increase in primary stability of bone-implant constructs is achieved when using a biplanar as opposed to a uniplanar osteotomy. Twenty-four fresh-frozen human tibiae were mounted in a metal cylinder, and open-wedge osteotomy (12 mm wedge size) was performed in a standardized fashion. Proximal and distal tibial segments were marked with tantalum markers of 0.8 mm diameter. Two different plates with locking screws were used for fixation: a short spacer plate (group 1, n = 12) and a plate fixator (group 2, n = 12). In six specimens of each group, a biplanar V-shaped osteotomy with a 110 degrees angulated anterior cut behind the tuberosity parallel to the ventral tibial shaft axis was performed. In the remaining six specimens of each group, a simple uniplanar osteotomy was performed in an oblique fashion. Axial compression of the tibiae was performed using a material testing machine under standardized alignment of the loading axis. Load-controlled cyclical staircase loading tests were performed. The specimens were radiographed simultaneously in two planes together with a biplanar calibration cage in front of a film plane with and without load after each subcycle. Radiostereometry allowed for serial quantification of plastic and elastic micromotion at the osteotomy site reflecting the stability provided by the combination of implant and osteotomy technique. No significant additional stabilizing effect of a biplanar osteotomy in craniocaudal and mediolateral

  8. The fate of fibular osteotomies performed during high tibial osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bicer, Elcil Kaya; Basa, Can Doruk; Gunay, Huseyin; Aydogdu, Semih; Sur, Hakki

    2016-08-01

    High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is an important treatment alternative in isolated single compartment knee osteoarthritis. To achieve adequate mechanical axis corrections in the lower extremity fibula is also osteotomized concomitantly. The aim of this study was to compare the union rates of proximal and diaphyseal fibular osteotomies accompanying high tibial osteotomies. Sixty-seven knees of sixty-three patients who had undergone HTO were retrospectively evaluated. The patients were grouped according to the level of the fibular osteotomy (FO). In group I, the level of FO was proximal, and in group II, it was at the level of junction of middle and distal third of diaphysis. The union rates of FOs at two different levels were compared. The influence of the presence of displacement at the osteotomy site and apposition between bone ends on union was also evaluated. Fifty-nine of sixty-seven FOs (88.06 %) were united. The union rate of proximal FOs was significantly greater than diaphyseal osteotomies (p < 0.0001); 97.9 % of proximal FOs were united, whereas this ratio was 65 % for the diaphyseal FOs. The presence of displacement at the FO and apposition between bone ends significantly influenced the bony union rate (p values 0.035 and <0.0001, respectively). Union rates and nonunion characteristics of FO might differ according to its level, apposition of bone ends, and contact area. The fate of FO might also affect the union of HTO.

  9. Total knee arthroplasty after high tibial osteotomy. A systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T.M. van Raaij (Tom); M. Reijman (Max); A. Furlan (Alessandro); J.A.N. Verhaar (Jan)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Previous osteotomy may compromise subsequent knee replacement, but no guidelines considering knee arthroplasty after prior osteotomy have been developed. We describe a systematic review of non-randomized studies to analyze the effect of high tibial osteotomy on total knee art

  10. Proximal first metatarsal opening wedge osteotomy: geometric analysis on saw bone models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kugan, R; Currall, V A; Johal, P; Clark, C I C

    2015-03-01

    For hallux valgus correction, distal first metatarsal osteotomy is generally used for minor to moderate deformities, diaphyseal osteotomy for moderate deformities and basal osteotomy or arthrodesis for severe deformities. With the advent of locking plates, there has been renewed interest in opening wedge basal osteotomy. We undertook this study in order to understand the power and limitations of this osteotomy. Proximal opening wedge osteotomies were performed on saw bone models in four orientations, with three different wedge sizes: (1) perpendicular to the ground (PG); (2) perpendicular to the shaft (PS); (3) perpendicular to shaft with 30° declination (DEC); (4) 30° oblique (OB). Pre- and post-osteotomy measurements were made of axial and plantar translation and inter-metatarsal angle. Plantar translation and intermetatarsal angle correction increased with increasing wedge size. The DEC osteotomy produced the greatest increase in length of metatarsal shaft, while the PS osteotomy gave the least. The most plantar translation was achieved with the DEC osteotomy. Overall, the PS osteotomy gave the largest correction of the intermetatarsal angle. Although there are several published clinical case series of the proximal opening wedge osteotomy, this is the first study to fully evaluate its geometry. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Distal femoral varus osteotomy: problems associated with the lateral open-wedge technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobi, Matthias; Wahl, Peter; Bouaicha, Samy; Jakob, Roland P; Gautier, Emanuel

    2011-06-01

    Varisation osteotomies on the distal femur are an established treatment method for valgus osteoarthritis of the knee in younger patients. Osteotomy can be done in a lateral open-wedge or medial closed-wedge manner. We retrospectively studied 14 patients treated by the lateral open-wedge technique, fixed with the Tomofix plate, with a mean duration of follow-up of 45 ± 3.4 months. We observed often delayed osteotomy healing after 3, 6 and 12 months, no secondary dislocations, and frequent troublesome irritation due to the plate being on the iliotibial band. However, outcome was satisfactory once the osteotomy healed and the plate was removed. Based on the often slow healing of the osteotomy and frequent irritation due to the plate, this procedure has been abandoned by the authors, and the medial closing-wedge osteotomy adopted as the alternative treatment.

  12. Analysis of Knee Joint Line Obliquity after High Tibial Osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Kwang-Jun; Ko, Young Bong; Bae, Ji Hoon; Yoon, Suk Tae; Kim, Jae Gyoon

    2016-11-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate which lower extremity alignment (knee and ankle joint) parameters affect knee joint line obliquity (KJLO) in the coronal plane after open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO). Overall, 69 knees of patients that underwent OWHTO were evaluated using radiographs obtained preoperatively and from 6 weeks to 3 months postoperatively. We measured multiple parameters of knee and ankle joint alignment (hip-knee-ankle angle [HKA], joint line height [JLH], posterior tibial slope [PS], femoral condyle-tibial plateau angle [FCTP], medial proximal tibial angle [MPTA], mechanical lateral distal femoral angle [mLDFA], KJLO, talar tilt angle [TTA], ankle joint obliquity [AJO], and the lateral distal tibial ground surface angle [LDTGA]; preoperative [-pre], postoperative [-post], and the difference between -pre and -post values [-Δ]). We categorized patients into two groups according to the KJLO-post value (the normal group [within ± 4 degrees, 56 knees] and the abnormal group [greater than ± 4 degrees, 13 knees]), and compared their -pre parameters. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to examine the contribution of the -pre parameters to abnormal KJLO-post. The mean HKA-Δ (-9.4 ± 4.7 degrees) was larger than the mean KJLO-Δ (-2.1 ± 3.2 degrees). The knee joint alignment parameters (the HKA-pre, FCTP-pre) differed significantly between the two groups (p knee joint alignment and knee joint convergence angle evaluated by HKA-pre and FCTP-pre angle, respectively, were significant predictors of abnormal KJLO after OWHTO. However, -pre ankle joint parameters were not significantly associated with abnormal KJLO after OWHTO.

  13. Total knee arthroplasty after failed high tibial osteotomy: a systematic review of open versus closed wedge osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Jae Hwi; Yang, Jae-Hyuk; Bhandare, Nikhl N; Suh, Dong Won; Lee, Jong Seong; Chang, Yong Suk; Yeom, Ji Woong; Nha, Kyung Wook

    2016-08-01

    Medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) has become increasingly popular as an alternative to lateral closing wedge osteotomy for the treatment of medial compartment knee osteoarthritis with varus deformity. The present systematic review was conducted to provide an objective analysis of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) outcomes following previous knee osteotomy (medial opening wedge vs. lateral closing wedge). A literature search of online databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library database) was made, in addition to manual search of major orthopaedic journals. The methodological quality of each of the studies was assessed on the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale and Effective Practice and Organization of Care. A total of ten studies were included in the review. There were eight studies with Level IV and two studies with Level III evidence. Eight studies reported clinical and radiologic scores. Comparative studies between TKA following medial opening and lateral closing wedge HTO did not demonstrate statistically significant clinical and radiologic differences. The revision rates were similar. However, more technical issues during TKA surgery after lateral closing wedge HTO were mentioned than the medial open wedge group. The quadriceps snip, tibial tubercle osteotomy, and lateral soft tissue release were more frequently needed in the lateral closing wedge HTO group. In addition, because of loss of proximal tibia bone geometry in the lateral closing wedge HTO group, concerns such as tibia stem impingement in the lateral tibial cortex was noted. The present systematic review suggests that TKA after medial opening and lateral closing wedge HTO showed similar performance. Clinical and radiologic outcome including revision rates did not statistically differ from included studies. However, there are more surgical technical concerns in TKA conversion from lateral closing wedge HTO than from the medial opening wedge HTO group. IV.

  14. First metatarsal proximal opening wedge osteotomy for correction of hallux valgus deformity: comparison of straight versus oblique osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Seung Hwan; Park, Eui Hyun; Jo, Joon; Koh, Yong Gon; Lee, Jin Woo; Choi, Woo Jin; Kim, Yong Sang

    2015-05-01

    The aim of this study was to compare clinical and radiographic outcomes of proximal opening wedge osteotomy using a straight versus oblique osteotomy. We retrospectively reviewed 104 consecutive first metatarsal proximal opening wedge osteotomies performed in 95 patients with hallux valgus deformity. Twenty-six feet were treated using straight metatarsal osteotomy (group A), whereas 78 feet were treated using oblique metatarsal osteotomy (group B). The hallux valgus angle (HVA), intermetatarsal angle (IMA), distal metatarsal articular angle, and distance from the first to the second metatarsal (distance) were measured for radiographic evaluation, whereas the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) forefoot score was used for clinical evaluation. Significant corrections in the HVA, IMA, and distance from the first to the second metatarsal were obtained in both groups at the last follow-up (posteotomy, an oblique first metatarsal osteotomy yielded better clinical and radiological outcomes.

  15. High tibial osteotomy in Sweden, 1998-2007

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    W-Dahl, Annette; Robertsson, Otto; Lohmander, Stefan

    2012-01-01

    Most studies on high tibial osteotomies (HTOs) have been hospital-based and have included a limited number of patients. We evaluated the use and outcome-expressed as rate of revision to knee arthroplasty-of HTO performed in Sweden with 9 million inhabitants, 1998-2007.......Most studies on high tibial osteotomies (HTOs) have been hospital-based and have included a limited number of patients. We evaluated the use and outcome-expressed as rate of revision to knee arthroplasty-of HTO performed in Sweden with 9 million inhabitants, 1998-2007....

  16. Vertebral Osteotomies in Ankylosing Spondylitis-Comparison of Outcomes Following Closing Wedge Osteotomy versus Opening Wedge Osteotomy: A Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravinsky, Robert A; Ouellet, Jean-Albert; Brodt, Erika D; Dettori, Joseph R

    2013-04-01

    Study Design Systematic review. Study Rationale To seek out and assess the best quality evidence available comparing opening wedge osteotomy (OWO) and closing wedge osteotomy (CWO) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis to determine whether their results differ with regard to several different subjective and objective outcome measures. Objective The aim of this study is to determine whether there is a difference in subjective and objective outcomes when comparing CWO and OWO in patients with ankylosing spondylitis suffering from clinically significant thoracolumbar kyphosis with respect to quality-of-life assessments, complication risks, and the amount of correction of the spine achieved at follow-up. Methods A systematic review was undertaken of articles published up to July 2012. Electronic databases and reference lists of key articles were searched to identify studies comparing effectiveness and safety outcomes between adult patients with ankylosing spondylitis who received closing wedge versus opening wedge osteotomies. Studies that included pediatric patients, polysegmental osteotomies, or revision procedures were excluded. Two independent reviewers assessed the strength of evidence using the GRADE criteria and disagreements were resolved by consensus. Results From a total of 67 possible citations, 4 retrospective cohorts (class of evidence III) met our inclusion criteria and form the basis for this report. No differences in Oswestry Disability Index, visual analog scale for pain, Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-24 score, SRS-22 score, and patient satisfaction were reported between the closing and opening wedge groups across two studies. Regarding radiological outcomes following closing versus opening osteotomies, mean change in sagittal vertical axis ranged from 8.9 to 10.8 cm and 8.0 to 10.9 cm, respectively, across three studies; mean change in lumbar lordosis ranged from 36 to 47 degrees and 19 to 41 degrees across four studies; and mean change

  17. Open wedge metatarsal osteotomy versus crescentic osteotomy to correct severe hallux valgus deformity - A prospective comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wester, Jens Ulrik; Hamborg-Petersen, Ellen; Herold, Niels; Hansen, Palle Bo; Froekjaer, Johnny

    2016-03-01

    Different techniques of proximal osteotomies have been introduced to correct severe hallux valgus. The open wedge osteotomy is a newly introduced method for proximal osteotomy. The aim of this prospective randomized study was to compare the radiological and clinical results after operation for severe hallux valgus, comparing the open wedge osteotomy to the crescentic osteotomy which is our traditional treatment. Forty-five patients with severe hallux valgus (hallux valgus angle >35̊, and intermetatarsal angle >15̊) were included in this study. The treatment was proximal open wedge osteotomy and fixation with plate (Hemax), group 1, or operation with proximal crescentic osteotomy and fixation with a 3mm cannulated screw, group 2. The mean age was 52 years (19-71). Forty-one females and four males were included. Clinical and radiological follow-ups were performed 4 and 12 months after the operation. In group 1 the hallux valgus angle decreased from 39.0̊ to 24.1̊ after 4 months and 27.9̊ after 12 months. In group 2 the angle decreased from 38.3̊ to 21.4̊ after 4 months and 27.0̊ after 12 months. The intermetatarsal angle in group 1 was 19.0̊ preoperatively, 11.6̊ after 4 months and 12.6̊ after 12 months. In group 2 the mean intermetatarsal angle was 18.9̊ preoperatively, 12.0̊ after 4 months and 12.6̊ after 12 months. The AOFAS score improved from 59.3 to 81.5 in group 1 and from 61.8 to 84.8 in group 2 respectively measured 12 months postoperatively. The relative length of the 1 metatarsal compared to 2 metatarsal bone was 0.88 and 0.87 preoperatively and 0.88 and 0.86 for group 1 and 2 respectively measured after 12 months. Crescentic osteotomy and open wedge osteotomy improve AOFAS score and VAS scores on patients operated with severe hallux valgus. No significant difference was found in the two groups looking at the postoperative improvement of HVA and IMA measured 4 and 12 months postoperatively. The postoperative VAS score and AOFAS score were

  18. Digital planning of high tibial osteotomy. Interrater reliability by using two different software.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schröter, Steffen; Ihle, Christoph; Mueller, Johannes; Lobenhoffer, Philipp; Stöckle, Ulrich; van Heerwaarden, Ronald

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the interrater reliability as well as the correlation of mediCAD(®) and PreOPlan(®) in deformity analysis and digital planning of osteotomies. Digital radiographs were obtained from 81 patients planned to undergo an open wedge high tibial osteotomy. The JPEG files of the radiographs were imported to landmark-based software. Deformity analysis and planning of correction were performed by 1 experienced and 2 unexperienced observers. Osteotomy planning was aimed at correction to the predefined mechanical tibiofemoral angle of 3° valgus leg alignment. The interrater reliability of measurements was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and the confidence interval. The ICC of PreOPlan(®) was from 0.841 (mechanical lateral distal femur angle) to 0.993 (wedge-angle) and from 0.896 (joint line convergence angle) to 0.995 (mechanical tibiofemoral angle) of mediCAD(®). The ICC of height of wedge-base was 0.979 with PreOPlan(®) and 0.969 with mediCAD(®). Comparing PreOPlan(®) and mediCAD(®), the ICC of the height of wedge-base of the observers was 0.966, 0.956 and 0.969, respectively. The results show a high interrater reliability of digital planning software. Experience of the observer had no influence on results. Furthermore, a high interrater reliability and correlation of digital planning specific parameters was found. Surgeons need to master limb geometry measurements and osteotomy planning on digital radiographs as digital planning reports are used for intercolleagual correspondence, teaching purposes and as medicolegal documents. The digital planning software tested agrees with the actual demands and could be recommended for deformity analysis and planning of osteotomies. Diagnostic studies, Level I.

  19. Roentgen stereogrammetry in high tibial osteotomy for gonarthrosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tjoernstrand, B.; Selvik, G.; Egund, N.; Lingstrand, A.

    1981-01-01

    In three cases operated with high tibial osteotomy for medial gonarthrosis the exact method of roentgen stereophotogrammetry with tantalum balls as bone markers was used to study angular and translational movements in three dimensions at the operation and during the healing period. Tibial osteotomy caused angular and translational movements even in planes where correction was not intended, and the stereo technique revealed that stability was not present when knee mobilisation started. Correlation between the stereo values and conventional radiographic measurements were best in the frontal plane (root mean square value of discrepancies 1.3/sup 0/). Roentgen stereophotogrammetry gives superior information compared with the conventional radiographic technique, but it is concluded that the latter has sufficient accuracy for the clinical assessment of corrections in the frontal plane.

  20. Distal femoral opening-wedge osteotomy for lateral compartment osteoarthritis of the knee

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dirk HPW Das

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Dirk HPW Das1, Thea Sijbesma2, Henk J Hoekstra2, Willem M van Leeuwen21Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Máxima Medisch Centrum Veldhoven, The Netherlands; 2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The St Anna Hospital, Geldrop, The NetherlandsAbstract: We retrospectively evaluated 12 patients with lateral gonarthritis after a distal femoral lateral opening osteotomy using a Puddu-plate. Thirteen patients with lateral gonarthritis and genu valgum were operated upon. One patient died during follow-up. We used the Lysholm score and the adapted Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS clinical and functional score. At 34 months follow up, all patients had a functional and clinical evaluation. All patients responded to a questionnaire over the telephone regarding the survival, Lysholm, and functional HSS score at 74 months follow-up. The average age at operation was 52 years. The average correction angle was 11° (16° to 5°. At 34 months follow up, the functional HSS score improved from 58 to 72 points. At 74 months follow up, the Lysholm score improved from 64 to 77 points. The clinical horizon scanning system score improved from 42 points presurgery to 64 postsurgery. Two knees were converted to total knee arthroplasty due to persisting postoperative pain. Lateral supracondylar opening-wedge osteotomy is a satisfying treatment for lateral osteoarthritis of the knee with genu valgum in younger patients.Keywords: lateral gonarthritis, femoral osteotomy, Lysholm score, knee

  1. Surgical accuracy in high tibial osteotomy: coronal equivalence of computer navigation and gap measurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schröter, S; Ihle, C; Elson, D W; Döbele, S; Stöckle, U; Ateschrang, A

    2016-11-01

    Medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOW HTO) is now a successful operation with a range of indications, requiring an individualised approach to the choice of intended correction. This manuscript introduces the concept of surgical accuracy as the absolute deviation of the achieved correction from the intended correction, where small values represent greater accuracy. Surgical accuracy is compared in a randomised controlled trial (RCT) between gap measurement and computer navigation groups. This was a prospective RCT conducted over 3 years of 120 consecutive patients with varus malalignment and medial compartment osteoarthritis, who underwent MOW HTO. All procedures were planned with digital software. Patients were randomly assigned into gap measurement or computer navigation groups. Coronal plane alignment was judged using the mechanical tibiofemoral angle (mTFA), before and after surgery. Absolute (positive) values were calculated for surgical accuracy in each individual case. There was no significant difference in the mean intended correction between groups. The achieved mTFA revealed a small under-correction in both groups. This was attributed to a failure to account for saw blade thickness (gap measurement) and over-compensation for weight bearing (computer navigation). Surgical accuracy was 1.7° ± 1.2° (gap measurement) compared to 2.1° ± 1.4° (computer navigation) without statistical significance. The difference in tibial slope increases of 2.7° ± 3.9° (gap measurement) and 2.1° ± 3.9° (computer navigation) had statistical significance (P osteotomy for individual cases. This work is clinically relevant because coronal surgical accuracy was not superior in either group. Therefore, the increased expense and surgical time associated with navigated MOW HTO is not supported, because meticulously conducted gap measurement yields equivalent surgical accuracy. I.

  2. Modified closing-opening wedge osteotomy for the treatment of sagittal malalignment in thoracolumbar fractures malunion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourghli, Anouar; Boissière, Louis; Vital, Jean-Marc; Bourghli, Mohamed Aiman; Almusrea, Khaled; Khoury, Ghassan; Obeid, Ibrahim

    2015-12-01

    Many techniques have been described for the surgical treatment of rigid posttraumatic thoracolumbar kyphosis, but none is well adapted to the modified shape of the wedged vertebra. The study aimed to describe the modified closing-opening wedge osteotomy (MCOWO), a new osteotomy technique that adapts to the triangular shape of the wedged apical vertebra of the deformity. A retrospective assessment of the degree of correction before and after the MCOWO was carried out. Ten patients presenting rigid posttraumatic thoracolumbar kyphosis were enrolled in this study. We used preoperative and postoperative whole spine radiographs to assess the sagittal plane parameters, and computed tomography scan for measurement of the vertebral segment height at the osteotomy level, spinal cord length, aorta length, and fusion rate. Ten patients underwent the MCOWO at T12 or L1. The procedure involves removing the postero-superior triangular corner of the wedged vertebra and transforming it to a shape similar to a trapezoid. The patients' mean age was 36.6±7.5 years, the mean time between the fracture and the surgery was 12.2±5.6 months, and the mean follow-up was 30.6±5 months. In all patients, statistically significant improvement was observed in the sagittal plane after surgery. The thoracolumbar angle improved from 52±6° preoperatively to 7.1±5.7° at the last follow-up. Mean osteotomy angle was 38.1±2.6°, mean spinal cord shortening was 1.2±0.2 cm, and mean aorta lengthening was 2.3±0.4 cm. All the patients showed complete fusion at 2 years, and none required revision surgery. Two patients presented a temporary unilateral weakness that recovered completely within 3 months after the surgery. The MCOWO is an interesting procedure for patients with posttraumatic thoracolumbar kyphosis. The modified osteotomy is adapted to the modified shape of the compressed vertebra. Spinal cord shortening and aorta lengthening were well tolerated in all patients. Copyright © 2015

  3. First Metatarsophalangeal Contact Properties Following Proximal Opening Wedge and Scarf Osteotomies for Hallux Valgus Correction: A Biomechanical Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kia, Cameron; Yoshida, Ryu; Cote, Mark; DiVenere, Jessica; Geaney, Lauren E

    2017-04-01

    Proximal opening wedge osteotomy (POWO) is an established procedure for moderate to severe hallux valgus. A common concern of this procedure is that it results in lengthening of the first metatarsal, which could cause increased intra-articular pressure of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP) and may ultimately lead to arthritis because of these altered mechanics. The purpose of this study was to use a cadaveric model to compare intra-articular pressures and articulating contact properties of the MTP joint following either scarf osteotomy or POWO. Fresh-frozen cadaveric below-knee specimens with pre-existing hallux valgus (n = 12) and specimens without hallux valgus (n = 6, control group) were used. The hallux valgus specimens were stratified into 2 groups (n = 6 each): POWO or scarf osteotomy. The groups were matched based on the degree of deformity. Peak intra-articular pressure, force, and area were measured in all normal, preoperative, and postoperative specimens with a simulated weightbearing model. These measurements were made with a pressure transducer placed within the first MTP joint. Postoperatively POWO group had slightly higher contact forces and pressures compared to the scarf group and lower contact forces and pressures than those of the normal group but were not statistically significant ( P > .05). Normal specimens had higher intra-articular force, pressure, and area than postoperative specimens but the difference was not found to be significant. First metatarsal lengthening was found in both the scarf and POWO specimens; however, neither increase was found to be significant ( P > .05). The results from this study show that after operative correction, contact properties of the fist MTP joint among normal, POWO, and scarf osteotomy groups revealed no significant differences. First MTP joints in those with hallux valgus had significantly lower contact force and pressure compared to those without hallux valgus. With little long-term outcomes of

  4. High Tibial Osteotomy: A Systematic Review and Current Concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabzevari, Soheil; Ebrahimpour, Adel; Roudi, Mostafa Khalilipour; Kachooei, Amir R.

    2016-01-01

    High tibia osteotomy is a common procedure in orthopedic surgery. A precise overview on indications, patients selection, pre-operative planning, surgical technique, methods of fixation, and complications have been presented. This paper focused on the points that should be considered to achieve good long-term outcomes. PMID:27517063

  5. Long-term results and comparison of the three different high tibial osteotomy and fixation techniques in medial compartment arthrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polat, Gökhan; Balcı, Halil İbrahim; Çakmak, Mehmet Fevzi; Demirel, Mehmet; Şen, Cengiz; Aşık, Mehmet

    2017-03-16

    The purpose of this study is to report and analyze the long-term outcomes of the patients who underwent high tibial osteotomy (HTO) with three different techniques for the treatment of medial compartment arthrosis. A total of 187 patients (195 knees) who underwent HTO between 1990 and 2010 were retrospectively evaluated. Eighty-eight knees, opening-wedge osteotomy with Puddu plate (group A); 51 knees, transverse osteotomy below the tubercle with external fixator (group B); and 29 knees, closing-wedge osteotomy with staple fixation (group C) were included in the study. The patients (mean age 44.9 ± 10.6 years, mean follow-up of 12.4 ± 3.2 years) were called for final controls and survival rates of the knees, and functional evaluations of the patients were performed using Knee Society Score (KSS) and Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee score assessments. In the comparison of the three groups, there were no differences regarding the mean age, preoperative arthrosis levels, or preoperative deformity analyses (n.s.). The main finding of these comparisons showed that the closing-wedge osteotomy has the greatest lateralization effect on mechanical axis deviation (MAD) (p = 0.024), the greatest valgization effect on medial proximal tibial angles (MPTA) (p = 0.026), and the lowest posterior tibial slope (PTS) angles (p = 0.032) in comparison to the other groups. There were no functional differences between the three groups in the long-term assessment of patients with KSS and HSS knee scores. According to the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, the probability of the survival of the native knee joint after HTO was 93.4% in 5 years and 71.2% in 10 years in our study group. During the follow-up of the 168 knees, revision surgery with total knee replacement was needed in 27 knees (16%). The mean time from HTO to total knee replacement was 8.9 years in these patients. HTO has acceptable long-term clinical and functional results that should not be

  6. High tibial closing wedge osteotomy for medial compartment osteoarthrosis of knee

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuli S

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Most patients of symptomatic osteoarthrosis of knee are associated with varus malalignment that is causative or contributory to painful arthrosis. It is rational to correct the malalignment to transfer the functional load to the unaffected or less affected compartment of the knee to relieve symptoms. We report the outcome of a simple technique of high tibial osteotomy in the medial compartment of osteoarthrosis of the knee. Materials and Methods: Between 1996 and 2004 we performed closing wedge osteotomy in 78 knees in 65 patients. The patients selected for osteotomy were symptomatic essentially due to medial compartment osteoarthrosis associated with moderate genu varum. Of the 19 patients who had bilateral symptomatic disease 11 opted for high tibial osteotomy of their second knee 1-3 years after the first operation. Preoperative grading of osteoarthrosis and postoperative function was assessed using Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA rating scale. Results: At a minimum follow-up of 2 years (range 2-9 years 6-10° of valgus correction at the site of osteotomy was maintained, there was significant relief of pain while walking, negotiating stairs, squatting and sitting cross-legged. Walking distance in all patients improved by two to four times their preoperative distance of 200-400 m. No patient lost any preoperative knee function. The mean JOA scoring improved from preoperative 54 (40-65 to 77 (55-85 at final follow-up. Conclusion: Closing wedge high tibial osteotomy performed by our technique can be undertaken in any setup with moderate facilities. Operation related complications are minimal and avoidable. Kirschner wire fixation is least likely to interfere with replacement surgery if it becomes necessary.

  7. Ten-year results of physical activity after high tibial osteotomy in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    W-Dahl, Annette; Toksvig-Larsen, Sören; Lindstrand, Anders

    2017-03-01

    The purpose was to describe physical activity with respect to leisure and working activity in patients operated on by high tibial osteotomy using the hemicallotasis technique for knee osteoarthritis (OA), preoperatively and 10 years postoperatively. Seventy-nine patients, median age 55 (range 35-66), operated on by high tibial osteotomy using the hemicallotasis technique for knee OA 2001-2003 were included. Questionnaires for evaluation of physical and working activity, satisfaction as well as the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) were filled in preoperatively and 2 and 10 years postoperatively. Conversion to knee arthroplasty was obtained through the Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register. Changes between two postoperative measurements were assessed by Wilcoxon's rank test. Twenty-five patients were converted to a total knee arthroplasty, and nine patients were lost to follow-up during the 10 years, resulted in 45 patients available for follow-up. Preoperatively, 33/45 patients were physically active mainly in heavy yard/household work, and 43/45 patients were working active. Ten years after the HCO, 23/45 patients were still active with golf, dancing, hiking, etc., and 23/45 were retired. At 10 years postoperatively compared to 2 years postoperatively, the patients experienced more problems with pain (89 compared to 69, p = <0.0001). Of 45 patients, 36 were satisfied with the high tibial osteotomy surgery in general 10 years postoperatively, while 13/45 were satisfied with their sport and recreational function. The 10-year results indicate that high tibial osteotomy using the hemicallotasis technique for knee OA is an option for selected patients that improves the level of physical activity, with mild deterioration over time, and gives the majority of the patients the possibility to be working active until retirement. Level IV.

  8. Avaliação radiográfica da osteotomia proximal de abertura gradual da tíbia Radiographic assessment of the opening wedge proximal tibial osteotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Francisco Bittencourt Silva

    2010-01-01

    significant differences between the pre- and post-operative indices of tibial slope and patellar height in the patients were found. CONCLUSION: Opening wedge proximal tibial osteotomy is a technique that avoids the problems presented by high tibial osteotomy, as it is done without promoting changes in the extensor mechanism, ligament imbalance or deformities in the proximal tibia.

  9. Accuracy and initial stability of open- and closed-wedge high tibial osteotomy: a cadaveric RSA study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gaasbeek, R.D.A.; Welsing, R.T.C.; Verdonschot, N.J.J.; Rijnberg, W.J.; Loon, C.J.M. van; Kampen, A. van

    2005-01-01

    We analyzed the difference in angle-correction accuracy and initial stability between open-wedge (OWO) and closed-wedge tibial valgus osteotomy (CWO). Five fresh-frozen pairs of human cadaver lower limbs were used; their bone mineral density (BMD) was measured with DEXA and a planned 7 degrees valgu

  10. Change in the locus of dynamic loading axis on the knee joint after high tibial osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawakami, Hideo; Sugano, Nobuhiko; Yonenobu, Kazuo; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Ochi, Takahiro; Nakata, Ken; Toritsuka, Yukiyoshi; Hattori, Asaki; Suzuki, Naoki

    2005-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to visualise the locus of the dynamic loading axis on the knee joint, and to evaluate changes in this locus during gait after high tibial osteotomy (HTO) in three patients who underwent HTO for medial compartment osteoarthritis (OA) of a varus knee. The bone structure of the lower limb and the relative position of skin markers were acquired from CT images. Motion capture data was acquired using spherical skin markers. Skeletal model movement during gait was calculated based on the movement of the markers. The locus of the dynamic loading axis on the knee joint was defined as the point on the proximal tibia joint surface that intersected with the loading axis of the lower limb, which passed through the centre of the femoral head and the centroid of multiple points surrounded by the distal tibia joint surface contour. This system was able to visualise the locus of the dynamic loading axis on the knee joint and not only lateral but also anterior-posterior direction movement. After HTO, the locus shifted from a medial and posterior area of the medial joint edge of the knee to a central area of the knee joint surface. This indicates that HTO shifted the dynamic loading axis. Lateral movement of the dynamic loading axis in the early stance phase of gait was reduced within a year after HTO.

  11. A long-term follow-up study of high tibial osteotomy for medial compartment osteoarthrosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Li-dong 吴立东; Hans J Hahne; Toachim Hassenpflug

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To observe the long-term outcome of high tibial osteotomy (HTO) in treating medial compartment osteoarthrosis of knees. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out on 194 patients (215 knees) treated with HTO for medial compartment osteoarthritis at the Orthopaedic Hospital of Kiel University between 1985 and 1996. Results: One hundred and sixty-one knees (144 patients) were followed up for 1.5-12 years with an average of 7.5 years and their data were reviewed. The proportion of excellent outcome were 97.3%, 93.6% and 78.2% two, five and over five years after HTO, respectively. The revision rate of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was 11.8% (19 knees retreated with TKA for HTO failure). The survivorship analysis of the 19 knees retreated with TKA showed an expected survival rate of 98.7%, 95.0% and 84.1% 2, 5 and 10 years after HTO, respectively. There were 5.6% complications (12 /161), including five superficial wound infections, one deep infection, five delayed bone healing, and one peroneal nerve palsy. Fifty patients (54 knees) missed follow-up, among them 10 patients (11 knees) died.Conclusions: HTO is an effective method in treating medial compartment osteoarthritis with a varus knee. Appropriate overcorrection of femorotibial alignment is the key for the success of the operation. But as the long-term effect is concerned, there is a trend of deterioration and some of the patients may have a second operation of revision with TKA.

  12. Improvements in spinal alignment after high tibial osteotomy in patients with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Yoon Hyuk; Dorj, Ariunzaya; Han, Ahreum; Kim, Kyungsoo; Nha, Kyung Wook

    2016-07-01

    Since the correlation between spinal and lower extremity alignments is high, high tibial osteotomy (HTO) surgery may also affect spinal alignment, where the spinal alignment parameters are the most important parameters for the evaluation of spinal disorders. In this study, the effect of HTO surgery on spinal alignment during gait was investigated by comparing spinal alignment parameters between patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and healthy young controls. Eight patients (age, 55.0±5.1years; height, 160.3±7.0cm; weight, 71.3±14.1kg) with a medial compartment knee OA participated in the gait experiment two times approximately one week before and one year after HTO surgery and eight healthy young controls (age, 26.7±1.7years; height, 163.4±6.5cm; weight, 58.4±11.3kg) participated only once. Cervical curvature angle, thoracic curvature angle, lumbar curvature angle, coronal vertical axis, and coronal pelvic tilt in the coronal plane and cervical lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis, sagittal vertical axis, and sagittal pelvic tilt in the sagittal plane were estimated using motion analysis system with skin markers. All spinal alignment parameters after HTO surgery were significantly closer to those of healthy young subjects than those before HTO, especially in the coronal plane. These findings suggest that the HTO had a positive effect on spinal alignment, as well as lower extremity alignment, and moreover, reduced the abnormality that may result in spinal problems such as degeneration or pain.

  13. The use of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 for the treatment of a delayed union following femoral neck open-wedge osteotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Axel W.A. Baltzer

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Although the clinical potential of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs has been known for decades, their use in humans has only been approved for a limited number of orthopaedic conditions. Promising results in animals demonstrate the utility of BMP-2 in regional bone repair without using osteoconductors. To our knowledge, no comparable human case has been described. We report the case of a 50- year-old who suffered a femoral neck fracture. After 9 months of extensive treatment, he was still not pain-free. The following open-wedge osteotomy resulted in a therapy-resistant delayed union. We therefore conducted 4 computer tomography-guided injections of recombinant human (rh BMP-2 into the bone gap. No osteoconductor was employed. Six weeks later, there was a 55-60% defect filling. Followup examination showed a complete union of the bone defect. Our case report shows that in a complicated delayed union rhBMP-2 can be successfully used to induce bone formation without any osteoconductor.

  14. Trends in High Tibial Osteotomy and Knee Arthroplasty Utilizations and Demographics in Korea From 2009 to 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koh, In Jun; Kim, Min Woo; Kim, Ju Hwan; Han, Sang Yup; In, Yong

    2015-06-01

    We analyzed the records of 29,895 high tibial osteotomies (HTOs), 12,589 unicompartmental knee arthroplasties (UKAs) and 363,386 total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) performed from 2009 to 2013 in Korea. They were compared with the latest nationwide registry reports of seven Western countries. Over the last 5 years, in Korea, the number of HTO, UKA and TKA increased by 210%, 138%, and 18%, respectively. The largest increase was observed in 55-64 year olds in HTO and UKA, while the largest increase in TKA was in ≥75 year olds. Females commonly had a three- to seven-fold higher rate in all procedures. Worldwide, the use of HTO and UKA decreased or remained stable, whereas that of TKA increased steadily, even in younger patients. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Progression of medial compartmental osteoarthritis 2-8 years after lateral closing-wedge high tibial osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huizinga, M R; Gorter, J; Demmer, A; Bierma-Zeinstra, S M A; Brouwer, R W

    2016-07-07

    The primary purpose of this study is to investigate the progression of medial osteoarthritis (OA) following lateral closing-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO). Secondary outcomes included functional and pain scores. This prospective cohort study analysed 298 patients treated with lateral closing-wedge HTO surgery for medial compartmental OA. OA progression was measured by comparing the minimum joint space width (mJSW) and Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) score on radiographs preoperatively and postoperatively. The WOMAC score and NRS score for pain were obtained preoperatively and postoperatively to assess secondary outcomes. Failure was defined as revision surgery; survival was estimated. Mean follow-up was 5.2 ± 1.8 years (range 2-8.5). Mean preoperative mJSW was 3.4 ± 1.6 mm, which changed nonsignificantly (p = 0.51) to 3.4 ± 1.7 mm postoperatively. Mean annual joint space narrowing was 0.02 ± 0.34 mm/year. Progression to 1 KL grade or more was seen in 132 (44 %) patients, and annual risk of KL progression was 8.6 %. No KL progression was seen in 56 % of patients. Mean NRS decreased from 7.3 ± 1.5 to 3.5 ± 2.5 (p < 0.001). WOMAC scores decreased from 48.0 ± 17.2 to 23.6 ± 19.7 (p < 0.001). Failure was seen in 21 patients. Compared to demographic data in the literature, valgus high tibial osteotomy seems to reduce the progression of OA, reduces pain and improves knee function in patients with medial compartment OA and a varus alignment. III.

  16. Association between knee alignment and knee pain in patients surgically treated for medial knee osteoarthritis by high tibial osteotomy. A one year follow-up study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    W-Dahl, Annette; Toksvig-Larsen, Sören; Roos, Ewa

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The association between knee alignment and knee pain in knee osteoarthritis (OA) is unclear. High tibial osteotomy, a treatment option in knee OA, alters load from the affected to the unaffected compartment of the knee by correcting malalignment. This surgical procedure thus offers...... the possibility to study the cross-sectional and longitudinal association of alignment to pain. The aims were to study 1) the preoperative association of knee alignment to preoperative knee pain and 2) the association of change in knee alignment with surgery to change in knee pain over time in patients operated...... on for knee OA by high tibial osteotomy. METHODS: 182 patients (68% men) mean age 53 years (34 - 69) with varus alignment having tibial osteotomy by the hemicallotasis technique for medial knee OA were consecutively included. Knee alignment was assessed by the Hip-Knee-Ankle (HKA) angle from radiographs...

  17. Experience with a new technique for managing severely overcorrected valgus high tibial osteotomy at total knee arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krackow, K A; Holtgrewe, J L

    1990-09-01

    Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after valgus proximal tibial osteotomy poses no major difficulties in most cases. There is, however, a small subgroup of severely overcorrected patients in whom TKA is particularly difficult. These patients require special considerations. A complex ligament reconstruction has been developed to allow simultaneous implantation of a minimally constrained total knee prosthesis for patients with failed, severely overcorrected valgus high tibial osteotomies. The technique is described in five patients. The mean age of the group was 57 years and the average follow-up period was 34 months (range, 12-72 months). A 100-point knee-evaluation scale was used to rate the knees before and after TKA. The average pre- and postoperative scores were 50 and 94, respectively. None of the patients was noted to have any more than mild instability in any direction postoperatively. Despite this extensive reconstruction, the group functioned as well as most recipients of more standard primary TKAs and demonstrated it is possible to avoid highly constrained implants, custom prostheses, or major bone grafts.

  18. Osteotomia alta da tíbia com cunha de abertura medial: relevância biomecânica da cortical oposta Open wedge tibial osteotomy: biomechanical relevance of the opposite cortex for the fixation method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Lara de Freitas

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar o impacto da integridade da cortical lateral osteo-tomia alta de tíbia (OAT com cunha de abertura. MÉTODOS: Modelos experimentais artificiais em poliuretano foram fixados com placa DCP® 4,5mm. Cunhas de abertura foram confeccionadas para simular a distração da osteotomia alta da tíbia. Realizadas falhas na cortical lateral para simular fraturas e fixadas com diferentes tipos de parafusos. Ensaios de torção e compressão axial foram realizados. 04 diferentes grupos foram constituídos. RESULTADOS: As medidas de torção registradas no grupo com cortical íntegra foram superiores àquelas obtidas no grupo com cortical rompida (p0,05. As medidas de compressão obtidas no grupo com cortical íntegra foram superiores aos demais grupos (p0,05. CONCLUSÃO: A cortical lateral íntegra agrega estabilidade às osteotomias com cunha de abertura medial. Modelo com cortical íntegra evidenciou superioridade biomecânica em rigidez nos ensaios de torção e compressão. Nos ensaios torcionais, os modelos com falha de continuidade cortical com parafusos de estabilização lateral de compressão ou de posição apresentaram equivalência aos modelos com cortical íntegra.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of lateral tibial cortex integrity in open wedge tibial osteotomy (OWTO. METHODS: Experimental models of polyurethane fibers, simulating tibial models and modified with open wedge osteotomies were fixed with DCP® straight 4.5 mm plates. Four groups were constituted: two with cortical integrity and two with a gap in the lateral tibial cortex. Biomechanical analysis of torsion and axial compression were performed. RESULTS: The measures of twist recorded in the group with cortical integrity were higher than those obtained in the group with noncontinuous cortices (p 0.05. CONCLUSION: Integrity of lateral tibial cortex adds stability to open wedge tibial osteotomies. Models with lateral cortical integrity demonstrated superiority in

  19. Osteotomy of the knee

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proximal tibial osteotomy; Lateral closing wedge osteotomy; High tibial osteotomy; Distal femoral osteotomy ... There are two types of surgery: Tibial osteotomy is surgery done on ... osteotomy is surgery done on the thigh bone above the knee ...

  20. Combined intra-articular and varus opening wedge osteotomy for lateral depression and valgus malunion of the proximal part of the tibia. Surgical technique

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kerkhoffs, G.M.M.J.; Rademakers, M.V.; Altena, M.; Marti, R.K.

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Reconstructive surgical measures for treatment of posttraumatic deformities of the lateral tibial plateau are seldom reported on in the literature. We report the long-term follow-up results of a consecutive series of reconstructive osteotomies performed to treat depression and valgus mal

  1. Analysis of long-term effect of high tibial osteotomy%胫骨结节高位截骨术远期疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭振华; 郭瑞; 杨志波; 李向东

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the long-term effect of high tibial osteotomy.Methods, 58 cases of knee osteoarthritis with varus knee patients from 1999 to 2015 received were selected.All patients were treated with high tibial osteotomy.Results the excellent and good rate was 89% in 1-5 years after surgery.The excellent and good rate of over 5 years is 73%. 3cases complications occurred in 58 patients.Complications were ifbular nerve damage,deep vein thrombosis,wound infection,and then have been effectively improved.No nonunion or delayed union occurred in all patients.Conclusion knee osteoarthritis with varus knee patients were early treated by high tibial osteotomy. It can make the patient get the ideal treatment effect, can relieve the patient's joint pain, delay the patient's condition development, it is worth in clinical application and promotion.%目的:探讨胫骨结节高位截骨术的远期疗效。方法选择1999年到2015年收治的58例膝关节骨性关节炎合并膝关节内翻患者,均接受胫骨高位截骨术治疗。结果术后随访1-5年优良率达89%,5年以上优良率73%。58例患者中3例发生并发症,并发症分别为腓总神经损伤、深静脉血栓形成、伤口感染,之后均得到有效改善。所有患者中无1例发生无骨不连或延迟愈合的情况。结论采用胫骨高位截骨术对早期膝关节骨性关节炎合并膝关节内翻患者进行治疗,可以使患者获得理想的治疗效果,可以解除患者的关节疼痛,延缓患者的病情发展,值得在临床中应用和推广。

  2. A non-randomized controlled clinical trial on autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) in cartilage defects of the medial femoral condyle with or without high tibial osteotomy in patients with varus deformity of less than 5°

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bode, Gerrit; Schmal, Hagen; Pestka, Jan M

    2013-01-01

    PURPOSE: High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a recommended concomitant surgery when treating cartilage lesions of the medial femoral condyle (MFC). Varus deformities of 5° and more were considered an indication for HTO in patients with cartilage defects. This study compares clinical outcome in patients...

  3. Genu Recurvatum Deformity in a Child due to Salter Harris Type V Fracture of the Proximal Tibial Physis Treated with High Tibial Dome Osteotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theodoros Beslikas

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Salter-Harris type V fracture is a very rare injury in the immature skeleton. In most cases, it remains undiagnosed and untreated. We report a case of genu recurvatum deformity in a 15-year-old boy caused by a Salter-Harris type V fracture of the proximal tibial physis. The initial X-ray did not reveal fracture. One year after injury, genu recurvatum deformity was detected associated with significant restriction of knee flexion and limp length discrepancy (2 cm as well as medial and posterior instability of the joint. Further imaging studies revealed anterior bone bridge of the proximal tibial physis. The deformity was treated with a high tibial dome osteotomy combined with a tibial tubercle osteotomy stabilized with malleolar screws and a cast. Two years after surgery, the patient gained functional knee mobility without clinical instability. Firstly, this case highlights the importance of early identification of this rare lesion (Salter-Harris type V fracture and, secondly, provides an alternative method of treatment for genu recurvatum deformity.

  4. Genu Recurvatum Deformity in a Child due to Salter Harris Type V Fracture of the Proximal Tibial Physis Treated with High Tibial Dome Osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beslikas, Theodoros; Christodoulou, Andreas; Chytas, Anastasios; Gigis, Ioannis; Christoforidis, John

    2012-01-01

    Salter-Harris type V fracture is a very rare injury in the immature skeleton. In most cases, it remains undiagnosed and untreated. We report a case of genu recurvatum deformity in a 15-year-old boy caused by a Salter-Harris type V fracture of the proximal tibial physis. The initial X-ray did not reveal fracture. One year after injury, genu recurvatum deformity was detected associated with significant restriction of knee flexion and limp length discrepancy (2 cm) as well as medial and posterior instability of the joint. Further imaging studies revealed anterior bone bridge of the proximal tibial physis. The deformity was treated with a high tibial dome osteotomy combined with a tibial tubercle osteotomy stabilized with malleolar screws and a cast. Two years after surgery, the patient gained functional knee mobility without clinical instability. Firstly, this case highlights the importance of early identification of this rare lesion (Salter-Harris type V fracture) and, secondly, provides an alternative method of treatment for genu recurvatum deformity.

  5. Osteotomia tibial alta em pacientes com artrose do joelho High tibial osteotomy in patients with knee arthrosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger Avakian

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar o tratamento da gonartrose medial com osteotomia tibial tipo cunha de fechamento lateral associado à liberação da articulação tibiofibular proximal. MÉTODOS: Realizamos esta técnica associado com liberação da articulação tibiofibular proximal no tratamento da gonartrose medial em 36 pacientes (41 joelhos de janeiro de 1995 a abril de 2003, com idade de 53,4 anos (média, seguidos por 51,6 meses (média. RESULTADOS: Na avaliação notamos que as osteotomias tibiais com cunha de fechamento lateral permitem correção satisfatória da deformidade fêmorotibial, com angulação femorotibial final em torno de 7º de valgo; o eixo mecânico foi desviado da região tibial medial (posição 1,2% para o centro do joelho (posição 50,5%; a inclinação tibial na incidência perfil pré-operatória de 9,8º foi corrigida para 6,5º (média; a mobilidade articular apresentou perda de 2,3º na extensão (média. CONCLUSÃO: A técnica permite correção satisfatória da deformidade em varo fêmorotibial, porém não é isenta de complicações (14,6%. O grau de satisfação (Lysholm dos pacientes teve incremento de 27,3 para 89. Assim, constitui uma parte essencial no arsenal de tratamento da gonartrose.PURPOSE: To assess medial gonarthrosis treatment with wedge-like side-closed tibial osteotomy combined with proximal tibial-fibular joint release. METHODS: we employed this technique combined with proximal tibial-fibular joint release in the treatment of medial gonarthrosis in 36 patients (41 knees, from January 1995 to April 2003, with mean age of 53.4 years, followed-up for 51.6 months (in average. RESULTS: In the assessment, we noticed that wedge-like side-closed tibial osteotomies allow for a satisfactory repair of the femorotibial deformity, with end femorotibial angle of about 7° valgus; the mechanical axis was dislocated from the medial region of the tibia (position: 1.2% to knee center (position: 50.5%; the 9.8° tibial

  6. Results of total knee arthroplasty after high tibial osteotomy%胫骨高位截骨术后全膝关节置换的疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    印度新德里利物浦骨科医院

    2008-01-01

    [目的]目前采用胫骨高位截骨术治疗膝关节内侧间室骨性关节炎已在临床广泛开展,对于其中预后不佳者可采用全膝关节置换,本文对其临床效果进行分析.[方法]对38例胫骨高位截骨术后接受全膝关节置换术患者进行回顾分析.术后随访时间平均8年,对其中期疗效进行评估.[结果]特种外科住院评分由术前平均39分提高到术后平均86.5分.优良率达87%.[结论]与未接受过胫骨高位截骨术患者相比,胫骨高位截骨术后接受全膝关节置换的中期疗效令人满意.%[Objective] High tibial osteotomy is a well accepted procedure for medial compartment osteoarthritis of knees.Over time its results deteriorate and some patients were reoperated with a total knee arthroplasty.To evaluate the results of total knee arthroplasty after a high tibial osteotomy.[Method] Thirty-eight knees were evaluated retrospectively for the results of a total knee arthroplasty after a high tibial osteotomy.They were followed up for an average of 8 years and the mid terra results assessed.[Result] The average Hospital for special surgery score increased to 86.5 points from 39 points pre-operatively.There were 87% excellent and good results.[Conclusion] Mid term results of total knee arthroplasty after hish tibial osteotomy are excellent and are comparable to those without a tibial osteotomy.

  7. Consolidação da osteotomia valgizante proximal da tíbia com cunha de abertura fixada com placa "calço" de Anthony® Proximal tibial valgusing open-wedge osteotomy union fixated with Anthony® "support" plate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiano Hossri Ribeiro

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Este estudo tem por finalidade verificar a consolidação da osteotomia valgizante da tíbia com cunha de abertura fixada com placa tipo calço de Anthony® (OVT, no tratamento da osteoartrose medial do joelho varo, a correção da deformidade e a resposta clínica ao tratamento cirúrgico. MÉTODOS: Vinte pacientes (vinte joelhos com osteoartrose do compartimento medial do joelho, com idade média de 48,4 ± 9,9, foram avaliados por um período mínimo de um ano. Os pacientes foram submetidos a avaliação radiográfica da consolidação e do eixo mecânico no pré e pós operatório, além da avaliação dos critérios de LYSHOLM. RESULTADOS: A consolidação da osteotomia ocorreu após 12 semanas em 100% dos casos sem complicações. A avaliação do LYSHOLM no pós operatório apresentou 80% de excelentes e bons resultados. A correção final média do eixo mecânico foi de 3,4 ± 3,3 graus de valgo. CONCLUSÃO: Concluímos que a consolidação da osteotomia supra-tuberositária da tíbia com cunha de abertura fixada com placa calço de Anthony® e com enxertia óssea tricortical ocorre num intervalo de três meses. A cirurgia é eficaz para a correção da deformidade em varo do joelho, e propicia melhora clínica significante para o paciente.OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to check the proximal tibial valgusing open-wedge osteotomy union with Anthony® plate for the treatment of bowleg with medial osteoarthrosis, final correction of the deformity and clinical improvement. METHODS: Twenty patients (twenty knees with medial osteoarthrosis of the knee, with mean age of 48.4 years, were evaluated for one year. The patients were submitted to the Lysholm's score, and also to X-ray studies before and after surgery. RESULTS: The osteotomy union occurred after 12 weeks in all cases without complications. The Lysholm's score was regarded as excellent or good in 80% of the cases. The postoperative mechanical alignment was 3.4 ± 3.3 valgus

  8. 胫骨高位截骨治疗膝内侧间室严重骨性关节炎%High Tibial Osteotomy for Medial Compartment Serious Osteoarthritis of the Knee

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛东生; 马宁; 杨景科

    2001-01-01

    目的:应用胫骨高位截骨术治疗膝内侧间室严重性关节炎并膝内翻畸形以缓解或消除关节疼痛,矫正畸形,恢复关节正常的生物力线排列。方法:自1992年5月~1998年2月应用胫骨高位截骨共施行手术18例(21膝),要求术前按适应证严格筛选病人,计算截骨角度。结果:本组病人平均随访3.2年,按Coventry疗效评定,优10例,良7例,可3例,差1例。结论:此手术可恢复内侧间室关节间隙及下肢正常生物力线,有利于退变软骨的恢复,疗效满意。%Objective: High tibial osteotomy treated medial compartment serious osteoarthritis of the knee with varus deformity,and relieving arthritic pain,correcting deformity and normal femoraltibial axial alignment.Methods:From May 1992 to February 1998,18 cases(21 knees) were operated on,We chose fit patients and planed osteotomy angle.Results:All cases were followed up for an average 3.2 years,according to Coventry's rating system,81% of the whole series had a good or excellent results.Conclusion:It increases the medial joint space width and corrects femoraltibial axial alignment,allows for healing of the articular cartilage.Satisfactory results were obtained.

  9. An inexpensive and innovative correction of medial compartmental osteoarthritis knee joint by high tibial lateral closed wedge osteotomy in a rural set up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasad DV, Arun AA, Tushar Chaudhari, Sagar Jawale, Shakthi Panda, Abhinav Jadhav, Deepak Dathrange

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Osteoarthritis of Knee joint with Varus deformity causes considerable disability. Operative treatment aims at shifting the mechanical load bearing axis to the less affected compartment of the knee to relieve the symptoms. Exclusion Criteria: Non-walkers due to generalized arthropathies / medical comorbidities, Flexion deformity > 10 degrees, Range of motion 1cm lateral subluxation in standing A-P X rays of both knees. Methodology: 32 (12 Males and 20 Females cases of Medial compartment osteoarthritis presenting in our OPD between 2008-2012 were treated by HTOand cortical screw and SS wire fixation (TBW Technique. Results: Evaluation of results was done based on knee rating scale by Japanese orthopaedic association. 22 cases were Excellent, 8 cases were good. One case of failure, an iatrogenic intracondylar fracture of Tibia, and another secondary haematoma under the suture line, aspirated and complete healing was achieved. Patients had good range of motion, were able to squat and sit cross legged comfortably. Conclusion: HTO by Closed Medial wedge osteotomy and fixation with cortical screw and SS wire provides a good alternative to unicompartmental knee Arthroplasty and even Total knee Arthroplasty (may be up to 10-15 years in patients with Medial compartmental osteoarthritis. It is a cost effective technique with the use of minimum hardware and early postoperative mobilization in patients who cannot afford Knee Arthroplasty in a Rural set up.

  10. Dual-plane high tibial osteotomy to treat posterolateral corner injuries combined with varus deformity of knee joint%双平面胫骨高位截骨治疗伴下肢力线不良的膝关节后外复合体损伤

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张辉; 冯华; 洪雷; 王雪松; 张晋; 刘心; 宋关阳

    2016-01-01

    necessary. Conclusion The dual⁃plane medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy can improve the alignment of lower extremity and the stability of knee joint, and 67%patients do not need a staged PLC and posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.%目的:探讨双平面胫骨高位截骨在伴下肢力线不良的膝关节后外复合体损伤修复中的作用。方法2008年10月至2014年3月采用双平面胫骨高位截骨治疗的伴下肢力线不良的膝关节后外复合体损伤并随访2年以上的患者12例,男10例,女2例;年龄20~44岁,平均29.8岁;单膝11例,双膝1例。所有患者均有后十字韧带损伤,伴有膝关节过伸5膝,不伴膝关节过伸8膝。双平面胫骨高位截骨,在冠状面调整下肢力线通过胫骨平台62%的位置,在矢状面矫正膝关节过伸至膝关节完全伸直。术前和术后2年摄下肢负重位全长X线片,测量下肢机械轴通过胫骨平台的相对位置、股胫角和胫骨平台后倾角;摄膝关节应力位X线片,评估膝关节后向稳定性(胫骨后移距离)和内翻稳定性(外侧间隙张开程度);通过Opti_knee步态分析测量负重期膝关节内翻角,评估截骨对内翻步态矫正的效果。结果下肢机械轴通过胫骨平台的相对位置由术前19.6%±19.1%改善至42.6%±17.9%,股胫角由术前172.8°±4.2°改善至178.1°±4.2°,胫骨平台后倾角由术前10.2°±5.3°改善至18.4°±6.3°,手术前后差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。9例患者行膝关节应力位X线检查,胫骨后移距离由术前(11.4±5.3)mm改善至(8.1±6.9)mm,外侧间隙张开程度由术前(16.3±6.5)mm改善至(14.2±4.9)mm,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。7例患者行步态分析,负重期膝关节内翻角由术前3.0°±2.6°改善至-2.7°±2.5°,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。8例患者主观认为不再需要二期韧带重建。结论双平面胫

  11. Planejamento pré-operatório e técnica cirúrgica da osteotomia supracondiliana varizante de adição do fêmur para correção do geno valgo e fixação com implante de ângulo fixo Pre-operative planning and surgical technique of the open wedge supracondylar osteotomy for correction of valgus knee and fixation with a fixed-angle implant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleber Antonio Jansen Paccola

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available É apresentado o planejamento pré-operatório passo a passo da osteotomia de abertura supracondiliana do fêmur para a correção precisa do eixo de carga do membro inferior usando um implante de ângulo fixo (placa lâmina AO 95º. Também é apresentada a técnica cirúrgica e a utilização de enxerto ósseo do próprio local para o preenchimento da falha.The pre-operative planning is presented in a step by step fashion and the surgical technique of the lateral open wedge supracondylar femoral osteotomy for correction of the valgus knee using a fixed angle implant (95º AO angled blade plate. A surgical method for filling in the defect using an autologous bone graft is also presented.

  12. Observation of long-term results of total knee arthroplasty after failed high tibial osteotomy%胫骨高位截骨术失败后行全膝关节假体置换术的长期疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭林; 杨柳; Jean Louis Briard; 段小军; 陈光兴; 张颖

    2009-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the long-term clinical result and operating techniques of total knee arthroplasty(TKA) after failed high tibial osteetomy (HTO). Methods There were 18 patients (19 knees) undergone TKA from March 1990 to June 1992 after failed HTO in Center Medico-Chirurgical du Cedre. All patients had severe medial and lateral compartmental degeneration, and four patients had moderate degree of bone loss of lateral plateau. All patients were evaluated with postoperative roentgeno-gram and Knee Society Scoring System (KSS). X-ray was used to measure hip knee ankle angle (HKA), α angle, β angle, index of patella AP/AT and pente de tibial (PDT). Results Tibal tubercle osteoto-my and medial translation were done in 11 knees because of severe valgus and lateral subluxation of patel-la during TKA. Partial restrained knee prosthesises were put into five knees because of poor soft tissue condition or unbalance of collateral ligaments. Of all, two patients died and the other 16 patients were successfully followed up, which showed severe polyethylene wear in seven knees at follow-up, with no re-vision for mild symptom. The average KSS score was 147.2 points, with excellence rate of 82%. Con-dusions TKA after HTO has good therapeutic results. Patellofemoral malalignment and severe valgus deformity are commonly seen, when tibial tubercle osteotomy combined with medial translation may be needed. Severe valgus deformity of knee causes difficulties to ligament balance and tibial osteotomy, so,implantation of knee prosthesises with higher restriction is needed.%目的 针对胫骨高位截骨术(high tibial osteotomy,HTO)失败后行全膝人工关节置换术(total knee arthmplasty,TKA)进行长期疗效观察,分析其远期临床疗效及术中注意事项.方法 选择法国Medico-Chirurgical du Cedre中心1990年3月-1992年6月18例(19膝)HTO术后失败的患者并行TKA治疗.所有关节均有内外侧间室退变,4例伴有外侧胫骨平台中度骨缺损.采

  13. Tibial condylar valgus osteotomy (TCVO) for osteoarthritis of the knee: 5-year clinical and radiological results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiba, Ko; Yonekura, Akihiko; Miyamoto, Takashi; Osaki, Makoto; Chiba, Goji

    2017-03-01

    Tibial condylar valgus osteotomy (TCVO) is a type of opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy for advanced medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) with subluxated lateral joint. We report the concept, the current surgical technique with a locking plate, and the short-term clinical and radiological results of this procedure. 11 knees with medial OA and a widened lateral joint were treated by TCVO (KL stage III: 6, IV: 5). In this procedure, by the L-shaped osteotomy from the medial side of the proximal tibia to the intercondylar eminence and the valgus correction, lateralization of the mechanical axis and reduction of the subluxated lateral joint are obtained with early postoperative weight-bearing. Before, 6 months, 1, and 5 years after the operation, a visual analog scale (VAS), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC), alignment of the lower extremity, and congruency and stability of the femorotibial joint were investigated. The VAS improved from an average of 73 mm to 13 mm, and the total WOMAC score from 52 to 14 before to 5 years after the operation, respectively. The mechanical axis changed from 1 to 60%, and the FTA changed from 186° to 171°. The joint line convergence angle (JLCA) changed from 6° to 1°, and the angle difference of JLCA between varus and valgus stress improved from 8° to 4° after the procedure. Improvements in pain and activities of daily living were observed by TCVO along with valgus correction of the lower extremity and stabilization of the femorotibial joint.

  14. Clinical results of reversed V-shaped high tibial corticotomy with minimally invasive surgery without internal fixation devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madadi, Firooz; Eajazi, Alireza; Madadi, Firoozeh; Daftari Besheli, Laleh; Rokni, Reza; Abbasian, Mohammad Reza; Bigdeli, Mohammad Reza

    2010-06-09

    High tibial osteotomy is a method of treating knee osteoarthritis due to genu varum in advanced stages. High tibial osteotomy-associated problems continue to be reported. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical results of a new, innovative method of high tibial osteotomy with 3- to 13-year follow-up. Between 1996 and 2006, our new surgical method was performed on 293 patients with medial compartment osteoarthritis and genu varum. All patients were examined preoperatively, 6 months postoperatively, and at final follow-up. The Hospital for Special Surgery Knee Scoring System (HSS) was used at final follow-up, and limb alignment and patient satisfaction were reassessed. Immediate postoperative complications included varus recurrence, knee instability, and peroneal nerve palsy, and no signs of tibial nonunion or infection were observed. At final follow-up, 3 cases of genu recurvatum, 2 cases of peroneal nerve palsy, and 25 cases of loss of correction were observed. Average postoperative HSS score was 85 (range, 47-97), and 97.8% of the patients were satisfied. This new method is a good alternative for the correction of genu varum because it requires a small incision, is soft tissue friendly, is a corticotomy instead of an osteotomy, requires no internal or external fixation devices, has a shorter duration and an acceptable complication and recurrence rate, and results in satisfactory HSS scores and higher patient satisfaction rates.

  15. Radial head dislocation during proximal radial shaft osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hazel, Antony; Bindra, Randy R

    2014-03-01

    The following case report describes a 48-year-old female patient with a longstanding both-bone forearm malunion, who underwent osteotomies of both the radius and ulna to improve symptoms of pain and lack of rotation at the wrist. The osteotomies were templated preoperatively. During surgery, after performing the planned radial shaft osteotomy, the authors recognized that the radial head was subluxated. The osteotomy was then revised from an opening wedge to a closing wedge with improvement of alignment and rotation. The case report discusses the details of the operation, as well as ways in which to avoid similar shortcomings in the future.

  16. A Simple 3-Dimensional Printed Aid for a Corrective Palmar Opening Wedge Osteotomy of the Distal Radius.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honigmann, Philipp; Thieringer, Florian; Steiger, Regula; Haefeli, Mathias; Schumacher, Ralf; Henning, Julia

    2016-03-01

    The reconstruction of malunited distal radius fractures is often challenging. Virtual planning techniques and guides for drilling and resection have been used for several years to achieve anatomic reconstruction. These guides have the advantage of leading to better operative results and faster surgery. Here, we describe a technique using a simple implant independent 3-dimensional printed drill guide and template to simplify the surgical reconstruction of a malunited distal radius fracture. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Effect of Combined Fibular Osteotomy on the Pressure of the Tibiotalar and Talofibular Joints in Supramalleolar Osteotomy of the Ankle: A Cadaveric Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Gi Won; Lee, Soon Hyuck; Nha, Kyung Wook; Lee, Sung Jae; Kim, Won Hyeon; Uhm, Chang-Sub

    We investigated the effect of combined fibular osteotomy on the pressure of the tibiotalar and talofibular joints in medial opening-wedge supramalleolar osteotomy. Three different tibial osteotomy gaps (6, 8, and 10 mm) were created in 10 cadaveric models, and the pressure in the tibiotalar and talofibular joints was measured under axial load before and after fibular osteotomy. The heel alignment angle and talar translation ratio were evaluated radiographically. An increase in osteotomy gap led to increases in hindfoot valgus (p = .001) and the contact and peak pressures in the talofibular joint (p = .03 and p = .004). In contrast, the contact and peak pressures in the tibiotalar joint were unchanged with an increasing osteotomy gap (p = .52 and p = .76). Fibular osteotomy reduced the contact and peak pressures in the talofibular joint (p osteotomy might be necessary in supramalleolar osteotomy for medial ankle arthritis to minimize the increase in pressure in the talofibular joint, especially when the osteotomy gap is large. Copyright © 2016 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Does the high tibial osteotomy directly affect the progression of the gonarthrosis?

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Die HTO o.w. ist ein bewährtes Verfahren bei medialer Gonarthrose. Das Ziel der Studie war es dessen Einfluss auf die Progression der Arthrose zu visualisieren. Anhand klinischer Scores zeigte sich, dass die Beschwerden postoperativ signifikant zurückgingen. Die Magnetresonanztomographie stellte dar, dass trotz isolierter Schmerzen bereits der Knorpel des gesamten Kniegelenks arthrotische Veränderungen aufwies. Schlussfolgernd lässt sich sagen, dass durch die HTO o.w. eine Progredienz ...

  19. Dome-shaped High Tibial Osteotomy: A Long-term Follow-up Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongsen Chiang

    2006-01-01

    Conclusion: Dome-shaped HTO is a durable time-buying procedure for patients with unicompartmental medial gonarthrosis, and can avoid subsequent development of patella baja that may complicate further prosthetic arthroplasty.

  20. Does proximal tibial osteotomy with a novel osteotomy system obtain coronal plane correction without affecting tibial slope and patellar height?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackman, Andrew J; Krych, Aaron J; Engasser, William M; Levy, Bruce A; Stuart, Michael J

    2015-12-01

    To determine changes in tibial slope, patellar height, and coronal plane alignment after medial opening wedge proximal tibial osteotomy (PTO) using a modern osteotomy system. Patients undergoing medial opening wedge PTO for any indication with follow-up until radiographic union were identified. Pre- and post-operative tibial slope (referenced off the anterior tibial cortex, proximal tibial anatomic axis, and posterior tibial cortex), patellar height (Caton-Deschamps, Blackburne-Peel, and Insall-Salvati indices), and coronal plane [mechanical axis and weight-bearing line (WBL) ratio] measurements were taken by two observers and compared. Review of 27 patients demonstrated unchanged tibial slope and slightly decreased patellar height post-operatively (Caton-Deschamps: -0.10 ± 0.09; Blackburne-Peel: -0.11 ± 0.10). Coronal plane measurements showed 6.4° ± 1.8° mean change in mechanical axis. Mean post-operative WBL ratio was significantly lower (51.6 ± 11.5 %) than mean goal WBL ratio (62.2 ± 2.5 %). Preoperative mechanical axis >6° varus and osteoarthritis alone as the surgical indication were risk factors for undercorrection >10 %. Medial opening wedge PTO using a recently developed instrumentation system was found to have no effect on tibial slope. Patellar height was decreased after osteotomy using this system, although clinical significance of these findings is unknown. Coronal plane undercorrection of 10.6 % of the target WBL ratio was seen in the group as a whole, although secondary analysis of these results indicated that patients with medial compartment osteoarthritis and/or preoperative mechanical axis of >6° varus accounted for the majority of the cases of undercorrection. Retrospective case series, Level IV.

  1. Patellar instability treated with distal femoral osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swarup, Ishaan; Elattar, Osama; Rozbruch, S Robert

    2017-06-01

    Patellar instability can cause significant disability in both pediatric and adult patients, and it is associated with several factors including genu valgum. In this study, we describe the role of a lateral opening wedge distal femoral osteotomy (DFO) combined with lateral retinacular release in addressing genu valgum with associated patellar instability. The rationale for this approach is to medialize the patellar tendon insertion and decrease the Q angle with DFO. A consecutive series of patients were studied, and our outcomes of interest included improvements in radiographic measures and patient outcomes. Radiographic improvement was assessed using patella congruency angle (PCA), mechanical axis deviation (MAD), and lateral distal femoral angle (LDFA). Patient outcomes were assessed using Oxford Knee scores, KOOS-PS scores, VAS pain scores, and Kujala scores. We studied eight patients (10 knees) that underwent a lateral opening wedge DFO for genu valgum and patellar instability. Mean follow-up duration was 27 months. PCA improved from 30.4° lateral preoperatively to 5.7° lateral postoperatively (p=0.016). Similarly, MAD improved from 33.1mm lateral to 6.5mm medial, and LDFA improved from 82.4° to 92.7° after surgery (p=0.002). There were significant improvements in VAS pain and Kujala scores after surgery (pgenu valgum. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Medial Closing-Wedge Distal Femoral Osteotomy for Genu Valgum With Lateral Compartment Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wylie, James D; Maak, Travis G

    2016-12-01

    Lateral compartment disease combined with valgus alignment can lead to progressive knee joint degeneration. In the symptomatic patient with isolated lateral compartment disease, a varus-producing distal femoral osteotomy can unload the diseased lateral compartment. This osteotomy may be combined with other cartilage or meniscal restorative techniques to optimize knee joint preservation and pain relief. The osteotomy can be performed with a medial closing-wedge or lateral opening-wedge technique. Both techniques have been reported to improve knee-related quality of life in patients with lateral compartment disease. Advantages of the medial closing-wedge technique are direct bone apposition leading to inherent stability of the construct, as well as reliable bony healing, and less hardware irritation. Advantages of the lateral opening-wedge technique are a single bony cut and therefore more of an ability to adjust correction intraoperatively. However, this technique requires bone grafting and has a high rate of hardware irritation or removal. We present a surgical technique for the medial closing-wedge distal femoral osteotomy using an anteromedial-distal femoral locking plate.

  3. [Reorientation osteotomy of the trapezial saddle].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapandji, Adalbert I; Heim, Urs F A

    2002-03-01

    At its early stage, the thumb TM osteo-arthritis is occasionally painful during some activities and there are mainly radiological signs, only visible on specific views and with maximum amplitudes. They are the first metacarpal base imperfect reintegration in the trapezium saddle in ante-position and an increased slope angle of 140 degrees. So, the "slippery saddle" of the trapezium induces a metacarpal base subluxation. The goal of the proposed technique is to correct the orientation of the trapezial saddle. The slope angle must return to its normal value of about 125 degrees, thanks to an opening wedge osteotomy into the trapezium, completed with a bony wedge insertion. Proposed for the first time in 1983, and used only once by Dr. Heim, this technique was "rediscovered" recently and used on five patients in ten years. It is easy to do, the only complication being two post-operative radial nerve sensitive branch neuromas. In six cases on seven, the pain disappeared, even if the osteo-arthritis was evolving for the two former cases. The functional recovery was total and the patients were satisfied in most of the cases. In spite of this short series, this technique is worth being used for the early stage of thumb osteo-arthritis, eventually combined with others techniques like tenotomy of the Abductor pollicis longus accessories or different types of ligamentoplasties. It is, in any case, more logical than the first metacarpal osteotomy.

  4. Double First Metatarsal and Akin Osteotomy for Severe Hallux Valgus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Nammari, Shafic Said; Christofi, Theodoros; Clark, Callum

    2015-10-01

    The technique of double first metatarsal osteotomies was first developed in response to the high frequency of recurrence noted in the treatment of severe adolescent congruent hallux valgus deformities. The concept behind the use of this technique is that it allows the individual correction of each component of the deformity. We have modified the technique for use in adult hallux valgus where the majority of deformities are incongruent deformities and the distal chevron osteotomy is used primarily for its additional translational properties rather than purely to correct the distal metatarsal articular angle (DMAA). We report on a series of double first metatarsal osteotomies (basal opening wedge and distal chevron osteotomy) with Akin osteotomy in the treatment of moderate to severe adult hallux valgus deformity. All patients presenting to our institution with a hallux valgus deformity and treated with this procedure between 2008 and 2013 with a minimum of 1 year of follow-up were identified. Data were obtained through review of case notes, electronic charts, and digital imaging. A total of 50 feet in 48 patients underwent double first metatarsal osteotomy with Akin osteotomy. Three patients were excluded due to loss to follow-up, leaving 47 feet in 45 patients with a mean follow-up of 45 months (range, 14-60 months). Of these 43 (96%) were female and the mean age was 56 years (range, 35-70 years). The mean preoperative hallux valgus angle (HVA), intermetatarsal angle (IMA), DMAA, sesamoid position, and lateral first metatarsotalar angle were 42 degrees (range, 32-52 degrees), 18 degrees (range, 6-26 degrees), 12 degrees (range, 4-26 degrees), stage 6 (range, 4-7), and 2 degrees of dorsiflexion (range, 20 degrees of dorsiflexion to 4 degrees of plantar flexion), respectively. The mean postoperative HVA, IMA, DMAA, sesamoid position, and lateral first metatarsotalar angle were 7 degrees (range, 2 to 24 degrees), 4 degrees (range, 4-14 degrees), 6 degrees (range, 10

  5. Periacetabular osteotomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klit, Jakob; Hartig-Andreasen, Charlotte; Jacobsen, Steffen;

    2014-01-01

    Hip joint survivorship and functional outcome are traditional outcome measures applied after periacetabular osteotomy (PAO). Younger adults however have greater demands and expectations on the function of their hip joints and these demands are not expressed using traditional outcome assessment...... tools. The main purpose of this study was to explore alternative functional and quality of life measure after PAO. A cross sectional survey of preserved hip joints following PAO was performed. Fifty-two patients (68 hips), mean age 41 years (range 24-67), returned a questionnaire examining satisfaction...

  6. Role of computer-assisted surgery in osteotomies around the knee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saragaglia, D; Chedal-Bornu, B; Rouchy, R C; Rubens-Duval, B; Mader, R; Pailhé, R

    2016-11-01

    The goal of this article is to present our experience on navigation for osteotomies around the knee and especially osteotomies for coronal deformities. The first computer-assisted osteotomy was performed in March 2001 and since that time more than 1000 osteotomies have been performed in our department. All the osteotomies were performed with the Orthopilot(®) device (B-Braun-Aesculap, Tuttlingen, Germany). The main indication was for genu varum deformities but several cases were operated for genu valgum. The surgical procedure as well as the indications and the rationale for each osteotomy (high tibial osteotomy-HTO, double-level osteotomy-DLO, femoral osteotomy-FO) are addressed in the article. The results are focused on several papers published by the authors since more than 10 years. Regarding HTO for genu varum, the preoperative goal (HKA angle: 184° ± 2°) was reached in 96 % of cases and the difference was statistically significant compared to the non-navigated series (71 %: p genu varum, the preoperative goal was reached in 92.7 % for the HKA angle and in 88.1 % for the medial proximal tibial mechanical angle (MPTMA). Regarding genu valgum deformity, the preoperative goal was achieved in 86.2 % of cases for the HKA angle and 100 % of cases for the MPTMA. According to these results, one can say that, regardless the type of osteotomy, the procedure is reliable, reproducible and accurate. Since 15 years, all the osteotomies around the knee are navigated in our department. Provided that one uses a reproducible radiograph protocol, navigation allows to perform double-level osteotomies, both for genu varum and genu valgum, with optimal accuracy in order to avoid oblique joint line, which will be difficult to revise to TKA. IV.

  7. [Sports activities after osteotomies around the knee].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paul, J; Heitner, A H; Mauch, M; Imhoff, A B

    2017-07-01

    In the current literature, the rate of return to sports following high tibial osteotomy is high. Patients are largely able to carry out the type of exercise done before the onset of symptoms and are satisfied with the clinical outcome. In general, however, a differentiated view of the sporting ability should be made, and the different requirements of the sport should be considered. A classification according to functional and biomechanical movement analysis seems to advisable. In addition, the recommendations of the treating physician seem to have a high impact on the postoperative level of the sports activities of the patients. A realistic assessment (by both the patient and the treating physician) that considers the sport, its requirements and the level of performance is necessary.

  8. Comparison of osteotomy technique and jig type in completion of distal femoral osteotomies for correction of medial patellar luxation. An in vitro study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olimpo, Matteo; Piras, Lisa A; Peirone, Bruno; Fox, Derek B

    2017-01-16

    Femoral osteotomies are frequently completed to correct malalignment associated with patellar luxation. The objectives of this study were to compare the use of: 1) two different types of jig; and 2) different types of osteotomy in the realignment of canine femoral bone models which possessed various iterations of angular deformity. Models of canine femora possessing distal varus, external torsion and a combination of varus and torsion underwent correction utilizing two alignment jigs (Slocum jig and Deformity Reduction Device) and either a closing wedge ostectomy (CWO) or an opening wedge osteotomy (OWO). Post-correctional alignment was evaluated by radiographic assessment and compared between groups. The use of the Slocum jig resulted in frontal plane overcorrection when used with CWO in models of femoral varus, and when used with OWO in models of femoral varus and external torsion when compared to other techniques. The Deformity Reduction Device tended to realign the frontal plane closer to the post-correction target value in all angulation types. The use of both jigs resulted in undercorrection in the transverse plane in models with varus and torsion. Jig selection and osteotomy type may lead to different post-correctional alignment results when performing distal femoral osteotomies. Whereas OWO allows accurate correction when used with either jig to address frontal plane deformities, the Deformity Reduction Device can be utilized with both CWO and OWO to correct torsion-angulation femoral deformities to optimize frontal plane alignment.

  9. Comparative evaluation of single-level closing-wedge vertebral osteotomies for the correction of fixed kyphotic deformity of the lumbar spine: a cadaveric study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, F; Sagi, H C; Liu, B; Yuan, H A

    2001-11-01

    Anatomic study. To compare spinal osteotomies with respect to obtainable correction and change in anterior height and distance of the spinal column and to describe a modification of the decancellation closing-wedge osteotomy to obtain further correction. Fixed kyphotic deformity of the lumbar spine can cause difficulty with sitting, lying flat, and pain and can pose a risk to adjacent spinal cord and nerves as well as impair respiratory and abdominal function. Various corrective osteotomies have been described. Osteotomies involving decancellation and a closing wedge of the apical vertebra theoretically decrease the risk to anterior vascular structures. Single-level vertebral osteotomies were performed on three groups of fresh-frozen human cadaveric lumbar spines. Group 1 underwent a conventional anterior opening-wedge/posterior closing-wedge osteotomy, Group 2 underwent a conventional decancellation posterior closing-wedge osteotomy, and Group 3 underwent our modified decancellation posterior closing-wedge osteotomy. Sagittal plane angulation as well as anterior height and distance of the spinal column were measured before and after osteotomy. The mean correction was 38 degrees for Group 1, 36 degrees for Group 2, and 49 degrees for Group 3. The mean change in anterior height and distance was 20 and 30 mm, respectively, for Group 1. For Groups 2 and 3 it was only 2-4 mm. The authors recommend single-level posterior decancellation procedures for correction of fixed kyphotic deformities of the thoracolumbar spine to decrease the risk to anterior neurovascular structures. An additional 10-13 degrees of correction can be obtained with the authors' modification.

  10. Simultaneous proximal femoral rotational and distal femoral varus osteotomies for femoral retroversion and genu valgum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Russell; Barcak, Eric A

    2012-04-01

    Whereas excess femoral anteversion and its related symptoms have been described many times, excess femoral retroversion is less well documented. We report the case of a 30-year-old woman who had a history of chronic bilateral hip and knee pain and evidence of excess femoral retroversion, genu valgum, early-onset lateral and patellofemoral compartment osteoarthritis of both knees, and hip arthritis. She experienced symptomatic relief after undergoing staged bilateral simultaneous proximal femoral rotational and distal femoral lateral opening wedge osteotomies. Although this combination of alignment problems is not an infrequent clinical occurrence, we have found no literature on this condition or treatment. The patient provided written informed consent for print and electronic publication of this case report.

  11. Failure of knee osteotomy in a case of neuropathic arthropathy of the knee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Traina, Francesco; De Fine, Marcello; Abati, Caterina Novella; Frakulli, Ideal; Toni, Aldo

    2011-06-01

    Neuropathic arthropathy (Charcot's joint) is a degenerative process that affects peripheral or vertebral joints as a consequence of a disturbance in proprioception and pain perception. The knee is one of the most frequently affected joints, but even when the diagnosis is made at an early stage there is no consensus on the best treatment options. An early diagnosis of neurosyphilis was made in a 55-year-old woman presenting a delayed union of an asymptomatic Schatzker type IV fracture of the proximal tibia. A medial opening wedge tibial osteotomy was performed to achieve fracture healing, to correct the medial depression of the articular surface, and possibly to avoid an early arthritis typical of the disease. To our knowledge, a knee osteotomy has never been reported at an early stage of neuropathic arthropathy. Even though the clinical and radiographic evaluation performed at 4 months follow-up showed a good stage of healing of the osteotomy and no typical features of neuropathic joint degeneration, at 8 months follow-up the knee was markedly deranged.

  12. Opening- and Closing-Wedge Distal Femoral Osteotomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chahla, Jorge; Mitchell, Justin J.; Liechti, Daniel J.; Moatshe, Gilbert; Menge, Travis J.; Dean, Chase S.; LaPrade, Robert F.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Lateral compartment osteoarthritis of the knee can be a challenging pathology in the younger, active population due to limited treatment options and high patient expectations. Distal femoral osteotomy (DFO) has been reported to be a potential treatment option. Purpose: To perform a systematic review on the survival, outcomes, and complications of DFO for treatment of genu valgum with concomitant lateral compartment osteoarthritis of the knee. Study Design: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: A systematic review of the literature was performed using the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled Trials, PubMed, and MEDLINE from 1980 to present. Inclusion criteria were as follows: outcomes of opening- and closing-wedge DFOs performed for treatment of genu valgum with concomitant lateral compartment osteoarthritis of the knee, English language, minimum 2-year follow-up, and human studies. Data abstracted from the selected studies included type of osteotomy (opening vs closing), survival rate, patient-reported and radiographic outcomes, and complications. Results: Fourteen studies met the inclusion criteria and were considered for the review. A total of 9 closing-wedge and 5 opening-wedge DFO studies were included. All were retrospective studies and reported good to excellent patient-reported outcomes after DFO. Survival decreased with increasing time from surgery, with 1 study reporting a 100% survival rate at 6.5 years, compared with 21.5% at 20 years in another study. A low rate of complications was reported throughout the review. Conclusion: Highly heterogeneous literature exists for both opening- and closing-wedge DFOs for the treatment of isolated lateral compartment osteoarthritis with valgus malalignment. A mean survival rate of 80% at 10-year follow-up was reported, supporting that this procedure can be a viable treatment option to delay or reduce the need for joint arthroplasty. A low

  13. PLATEAU-PATELLA ANGLE: AN OPTION FOR ASSESSING PATELLAR HEIGHT ON PROXIMAL TIBIA OSTEOTOMY

    Science.gov (United States)

    BONADIO, MARCELO BATISTA; TORRES, JÚLIO AUGUSTO DO PRADO; MAZZARO, VICENTE; HELITO, CAMILO PARTEZANI; GOBBI, RICCARDO GOMES; DEMANGE, MARCO KAWAMURA

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the plateau-patella angle method to the methods already established for patellar height measurement in patients undergoing high tibial osteotomy. Methods: This is a retrospective study of 13 patients undergoing medial opening tibial osteotomy. The patellar height was measured in pre and post-operative radiographs by the methods from Insall-Salvati, Caton-Deschamps, Blackburne-Peel and patella-plateau angle, as well as the tibial slope and length of the patellar tendon. Measurements were performed by two knee surgeons at two different times. Results: The mean age was 41.33 ± 01.09 years old. The average rates of Caton-Deschamps, Blackburne-Peel, Insall-Salvati and plateau-patella angle were, respectively, 1.00; 0.89; 1.10; and 23.15° preoperatively, and 0.89; 0.78; 1.11; and 20.46°, postoperatively. The correlation of Caton-Deschamps, Blackburne-Pell, and Insall-Salvati indexes and plateau-patellar angle interobserver was 0.72 (p <0.001), 0:54 (p <0.001), 0.65 (p <0.001), and 0.67 (w <0.001), respectively. Conclusion: The plateau-patella angle method undergoes changes that are correlated with changes in tibial slope after osteotomy, unlike the classical methods. This fact may lead to overestimate the reduction of patellar height after osteotomy. Level of evidence IV. Case Series. PMID:27217812

  14. Maquet Osteotomy, Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz, Jorge Luis; Vega, Marcelo; Matesevach, Ivan

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: The objectives are to assess the results and to discuss the indications for Maquet osteotomy in patients with patellofemoral osteoarthritis. Methods: Retrospective study of a series of 32 patients (4 bilateral, that is to say, 36 knees) operated between March 1999 and October 2013 in " Arthroscopy Private Center ", 12 male and 20 female, average age 59 years with an average postoperative surgery outcomes of 53 months. The technique consists of an arthroscopic procedure to treat joint lesions and a tibial tuberosity osteotomy of 5 cm long, by embedding a 1cm subsequent graft taken from the same metaphysis and fixed with 2 screws. Results: All patients had significant improvement, evaluated with Kujala’s score (54 points preop to 86 points postop) and Guillamon Ferguson’s criteria (27.2 very good and 60.7 good). The complication rate was acceptable. Conclusion: The available technics are surgeries on proximal soft structures, osteotomies of tibial tuberosity and patellofemoral arthroplasty. Maquet osteotomy is an excellent procedure when the patient’s selection is right. Obtaining the graft from the same metaphysis simplified the procedure.

  15. A 2-year prospective study of patient-relevant outcomes in patients operated on for knee osteoarthritis with tibial osteotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toksvig-Larsen Sören

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Tibial osteotomy is a treatment for younger and/or physically active patients suffering from uni-compartmental knee osteoarthritis. The open wedge osteotomy by the hemicallotasis technique includes the use of external fixation. The use of external fixation has several advantages, as early mobilization and the opportunity for optimal correction. However, the hemicallotasis technique has also been described as a cumbersome procedure for the patient. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate patient-relevant outcomes during the first 2 post-operative years. Especially the treatment period, during which external fixation was used, was closely monitored. Methods In an uncontrolled study, fifty-eight consecutive patients, 30 men and 28 women (mean age 54 years were operated on by the hemicallotasis technique were evaluated with the patient-relevant outcome measure Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS preoperatively, during the treatment with external fixation, one week after removal of the external fixation, at 6 months, and at one and two years postoperatively. Results At the 2-year postoperative follow-up, all subscales of the KOOS were improved (p Conclusion Tibial osteotomy by the hemicallotasis technique yields large improvement in self-rated pain, function and quality of life, which persists over two years. Surprisingly, large improvements occurred already during the immediate post-operative period when the external fixation was still used.

  16. High tibial slope correlates with increased posterior tibial translation in healthy knees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schatka, Imke; Weiler, Andreas; Jung, Tobias M; Walter, Thula C; Gwinner, Clemens

    2017-09-09

    Notwithstanding the importance of the tibial slope (TS) for anterior tibial translation, little information is available regarding the implications on posterior laxity, particularly in healthy subjects. It was hypothesized that increased TS is associated with decreased posterior tibial translation (PTT) in healthy knees. A total of 124 stress radiographs of healthy knees were enrolled in this study. Tibial slope and the posterior tibial translation were evaluated using a Telos device with a 150-N force at 90° of knee flexion. Two blinded observers reviewed independently on two different occasions. One hundred and twenty-four patients [35 females and 89 males; 41 (range 18-75) years] were enrolled in this study, with a mean PTT of 2.8 mm (±1.9 mm; range 0-8 mm) and a mean TS of 8.6° (±2.6°; range 1°-14°). Pearson correlation showed a significant correlation between the PTT and TS in the overall patient cohort (P < 0.0001) with r = 0.76 and R (2) = 0.58. There was no statistical difference between female and male patients regarding the PTT or the TS. Subgrouping of the patient cohort (four groups with n = 31) according to their TS (groups I < 7°; II = 7°-8.5°; III = 9°-10.5°; IV ≥ 11°) revealed significant differences between each subgroup, respectively. Furthermore, there was a weak but significant correlation between age and PTT (P = 0.004, r = 0.26). In addition to the substantial variance in tibial slope and posterior laxity among healthy knees, high tibial slope significantly correlates with increased posterior tibial translation. Increasing age is further associated with a greater magnitude of posterior tibial translation. Consequently, knowledge of the tibial slope facilitates simple estimation of posterior knee laxity, which is mandatory for PCL reconstruction and knee arthroplasty.

  17. Computer-assisted navigation for the intraoperative assessment of lower limb alignment in high tibial osteotomy can avoid outliers compared with the conventional technique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reising, Kilian; Strohm, Peter C; Hauschild, Oliver

    2013-01-01

    the postoperative weight-bearing radiographs showed a mechanical line that intersected with the knee base line at the desired value of 62% (Fujisawa point) in 58.8% (SD ± 6.1) in Group 1 and in 58.6% (SD ± 8.1) in Group 2. Despite similar mean values a significantly higher number of corrections were outside...

  18. Genu Recurvatum Deformity in a Child due to Salter Harris Type V Fracture of the Proximal Tibial Physis Treated with High Tibial Dome Osteotomy

    OpenAIRE

    Theodoros Beslikas; Andreas Christodoulou; Anastasios Chytas; Ioannis Gigis; John Christoforidis

    2012-01-01

    Salter-Harris type V fracture is a very rare injury in the immature skeleton. In most cases, it remains undiagnosed and untreated. We report a case of genu recurvatum deformity in a 15-year-old boy caused by a Salter-Harris type V fracture of the proximal tibial physis. The initial X-ray did not reveal fracture. One year after injury, genu recurvatum deformity was detected associated with significant restriction of knee flexion and limp length discrepancy (2 cm) as well as medial and posterio...

  19. Total hip arthroplasty with femoral subtrochanteric osteotomy after Schanz osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonohata, Motoki; Kitajima, Masaru; Kawano, Shunsuke; Tanaka, Riki; Mawatari, Masaaki

    2016-07-01

    Schanz osteotomy is one of the options for the management of hip instability caused by congenital or septic arthritis. Following Schanz osteotomy, there is risk of hip pain secondary to hip arthritis. It may be necessary to perform subtrochanteric femoral osteotomy in conjunction with total hip arthroplasty (THA). This study evaluates the outcomes and complications associated with THA. We performed 36 THA after Schanz osteotomy. Patients were divided into three groups: (1) successful Schanz osteotomy, (2) highly dislocated hip with contact between the femoral head and pelvis, and (3) completely dislocated hip without contact between the femur and pelvis. Clinical and radiological evaluations were completed for each group. In all three groups, hip function improved significantly (p osteotomy after Schanz osteotomy. However, this procedure is a technically demanding treatment option, and there were characteristic complications intra and after surgery. Therefore, surgeons should treat hip osteoarthritis after Schanz operation with utmost care, especially completely dislocated hip. Copyright © 2016 The Japanese Orthopaedic Association. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Complications of minimally invasive calcaneal osteotomy versus open osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kendal, Adrian R; Khalid, Ali; Ball, Tom; Rogers, Mark; Cooke, Paul; Sharp, Robert

    2015-06-01

    Calcaneal osteotomy is an established technique for correcting hindfoot deformity. Patients traditionally receive an osteotomy through the open lateral approach to the calcaneus. To reduce the rate of wound complications associated with a direct open lateral approach, a minimally invasive surgical (MIS) technique has been adopted. This uses a low-speed, high-torque burr to perform the same osteotomy under radiographic guidance. We hypothesized that the new MIS calcaneal osteotomy would be a safe alternative to open calcaneal osteotomy while obtaining the same displacement. The safety of the new MIS technique was investigated with a case controlled study on all patients who underwent displacement calcaneal osteotomy at the Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre from 2008 to 2014. The primary outcome measure was 30 day postoperative complication rate. Secondary outcome measures included operating time, duration of stay, fusion rates, and calcaneal displacement. Eighty-one patients underwent calcaneal osteotomy as part of their corrective surgery, 50 in the Open approach group and 31 in MIS group. The average age was 47.7 years (range 16-77) for the Open group and 50.1 (range 21-77) in the MIS group. A mean calcaneal displacement of 9.4 mm (SD = 1.16, 8 to 11 mm) and 10.2 mm (SD = 1.06, 8 to 13 mm) was achieved through the MIS and Open approaches, respectively. There were significantly fewer wound complications in the MIS group (6.45%) compared to the Open group (28%, P = .022). The MIS group was associated with significantly lower rate of wound infection (3% versus 20%, P = .044). Three patients in the Open group experienced sural peripheral neuropathy. The average length of stay was 3.8 days following MIS and 4.3 days following open calcaneal osteotomy. Nonunion occurred in only 1 patient in the MIS group and none in the open group. MIS calcaneal osteotomy was found to be a safe technique. It was technically as effective as calcaneal osteotomy performed through an open lateral

  1. Percutaneous triplanar femoral osteotomy correction for developmental coxa vara: a new technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabharwal, Sanjeev; Mittal, Rahul; Cox, Garrick

    2005-01-01

    Developmental coxa vara (DCV) is a well-known pediatric hip disorder that is associated with triplanar deformity of the proximal femur. Several techniques of proximal femur osteotomies have being cited in the literature, with variable outcomes. Recently, the authors have used a percutaneous technique with application of a low-profile Ilizarov external fixator for acute opening wedge correction of the femoral deformity associated with DCV. Five children (six affected hips) underwent the above procedure at an average age of 8 + 4 years. The average improvement in Hilgenreiner's epiphyseal angle was from 74 degrees before surgery to 33 degrees after surgery, the neck-shaft angle improved from 86 degrees to 137 degrees, and the articulo-trochanteric distance improved from -6 mm to +11 mm. Latest follow-up at a mean of 2.1 years after surgery showed satisfactory healing with no significant loss of correction in any case. This percutaneous technique offers several advantages over currently available methods for surgical correction of DCV.

  2. Biplanar chevron osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nery, Caio; Barroco, Rui; Réssio, Cibele

    2002-09-01

    Results of biplanar chevron osteotomy performed on patients with mild-to-moderate hallux valgus deformity with an increased distal metatarsal articular angle (DMAA) are shown. The study included clinical data of 32 patients (54 feet) who had completed a 2-year follow-up, and radiological data of these 32 and other 29 patients (50 feet) for a total of 61 patients (104 feet, 53 right and 51 left). There were 59 females and two males with ages varying from 11 to 66 years. According to the AOFAS Hallux Rating, the preoperative average score (50) improved to 90 (average score after the surgery). The hallux valgus angle was improved from an average of 25 degrees to 14 degrees, the first intermetatarsal angle from 12 degrees to 8 degrees and the DMAA from 15 degrees to 5 degrees. At the end of treatment, 94% of patients were classified as having grade 0 or 1 sesamoid lateral sub-luxation. Given improvement in angles and 90% of patients satisfied with an average AOFAS postoperative score of 90, the technique seems indicated for treatment of symptomatic hallux valgus deformity with increased DMAA.

  3. Hallux varus following scarf osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akhtar, Shahid; Malek, Sabur; Hariharan, Kartik

    2016-12-01

    Hallux varus is an uncommon condition and majority of the cases are iatrogenic. It can occur as a result of any type of hallux valgus correction surgery and in our cases scarf osteotomy is not an exception. Treatment of this complication can be challenging and it is important to understand the factors that cause this deformity before embarking on surgical correction. Four cases of hallux varus following Scarf osteotomy (1% of our total Scarf osteotomy cases) and discuss the salient features of these patients. The authors ascertained the factors that caused iatrogenic hallux varus and formulated a classification of the nature of the deformity. The management of iatrogenic hallux varus based on our experience and proposed classification system has also been outlined and discussed. Crown Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Corrective osteotomy for malunion of the distal radius - The effect of concomitant ulnar shortening osteotomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oskam, J; Bongers, KM; Karthaus, AJM; Frima, AJ; Klasen, HJ

    1996-01-01

    Positive ulnar variance due to inadequate correction of radial length is a common disorder after radial corrective osteotomy. To avoid this complication we performed a combination of ulnar-shortening osteotomy and radial corrective osteotomy in 6 of 22 radial corrections. The indication for the comb

  5. Is McMurray′s osteotomy obsolete?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phaltankar P

    1995-10-01

    Full Text Available A review of the method of performing, advantages, disadvantages of McMurray′s displacement osteotomy with regard to treatment of nonunion of transcervical fracture neck femur with viable femoral head was carried out in this study of ten cases, in view of the abandonment of the procedure in favour of angulation osteotomy. Good results obtained in the series attest to the usefulness of McMurray′s osteotomy in the difficult problem of nonunion of transcervical fracture neck femur in well selected cases with certain advantages over the angulation osteotomy due to the ′Armchair effect′.

  6. Computer assisted SCFE osteotomy planning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drapikowski, Pawel [Poznan University of Technology, Institute of Control and Information Engineering, Poznan (Poland); Tyrakowski, Marcin; Czubak, Jaroslaw; Czwojdzinski, Adam [Postgraduate Medical Education Center, Department of Orthopaedics, Warsaw (Poland)

    2008-11-15

    Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a common pediatric orthopedic disorder that requires surgical correction. Preoperative planning of a proximal femoral osteotomy is essential in cases of SCFE. This planning is usually done using 2D radiographs, but 3D data can be acquired with CT and analyzed with 3D visualization software. SCFEanalyzer is a computer program developed for preoperative planning of proximal femoral osteotomy to correct SCFE. Computed tomography scans were performed on human bone specimens: one pelvis and two femoral bones (right and left) and volume data of a patient. The CT data were used to test the abilities of the SCFEanalyzer software, which utilizes 3D virtual models of anatomic structures constructed from CT image data. Separation of anatomical bone structures is done by means of ''cutting'' 3D surface model of the pelvis. The software enables qualitative and quantitative spatial analysis of chosen parameters analogous to those done on the basis of plain radiographs. SCFEanalyzer makes it possible to evaluate the function of the hip joint by calculating the range of motion depending on the shape of bone structures based on oriented bounding box object representation. Pelvic and hip CT scans from a patient with SCFE were subjected to femoral geometry analysis and hip joint function assessment. These were done to plan and simulate osteotomy of the proximal femur. Analogous qualitative and quantitative evaluation after performing the virtual surgery were evaluated to determine the potential treatment effects. The use of computer assistance in preoperative planning enable us to increase objectivity and repeatability, and to compare the results of different types of osteotomy on the proximal femur, and thus to choose the optimal operation in each individual case. (orig.)

  7. Complications of intertrochanteric rotational osteotomy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Braunstein, E.M.; Weissman, B.N.; Sosman, J.L.; Drew, M.

    1983-11-01

    Intertrochanteric anterior rotational osteotomy is a recently developed surgical procedure to treat osteonecrosis of the femoral head. We reviewed the radiographic findings in four cases to acquaint radiologists with the usual appearance of the procedure and to assess surgical complications. In all cases, immediate postoperative radiographs showed rotation of the necrotic portion of the femoral head anteriorly so that it was no longer weight-bearing. Clinical and radiologic follow-up ranged from 12 to 30 months. In this time, three patients developed complications, including nonunion of the osteotomy, further osteonecrosis with collapse of the femoral head, and worsening pain in the absence of progressive radiologic change. Radiology provides an important means of assessing rotational osteotomy, particularly in demonstrating sufficient rotation of the femoral head to assure nonweight-bearing by diseased bone. Also, surgical complications such as nonunion and hardware loosening may be identified. Nevertheless, the patient may deteriorate clinically even in the absence of radiologic demonstration of disease pregression, and the absence of radiographic change does not assure a successful surgical outcome.

  8. HIGH TIBIA OSTEOTOMY WITH KOSHINO TECHNIQUE FOR MEDIAL PATELLOFEMORAL OSTEOARTHRITIS OF THE KNEE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋垚; 钱不凡; 杨庆铭; 何国础; 王毅

    1993-01-01

    From March 1988 to March 1992, a total of 40 high tibial osteotomies(HTO) were performed according to Koshino technique in 35 patients, suffering fromosteoarthritis of knee joints. There were 9 male and 26 female patients. The right kneeand left knee were involved in 15 cases each and both knees involved in 5 cases. The ageof the patients ranged from 33 to 75 years with an average of 58. 6 years. Allosteoarthritis of knee joint were primary except 4 patients with secondary disease due toupper tibiai fracture in the past. According to the classification of knee osteoarthritis ofthe Yokohama City University in Japan, all our patients suffered from medialpatellofemoral type of knee osteoarthritis. On the basis of the pre-operative evaluation ofknee function with the Yokohama City University criteria, the patients had from 40 pointsto 65 points with an average of 53 points. The femoro-tibial angles (FTA) before opera-tion wcre from 178°to 192°with an average of 185.1°±4.7°. The size of bone wedgeto be removed was accurately calculated so as to produce a femoro-tibial angle of 170°after operation, giving 10°of valgus. In severe cases the exposed bone and cartilage ero-sion were found during the operation. In knees with deformity adequately corrected,marked relief of pain was obtained and walking resumed by 4-6 months after operation.The post-operative follow-up ranged from 6 months to 2 years and 3 months with an av-erage of 14.2 months. Out of the 40 patients 17 had their implant removed over a year.Early complications, such as wound infection, hematoma, joint adhesion, deep-veinthrombosis or non-union of bone, did not occur. The post-operative FTA ranged from166°to 177°with an average of 170.3°±3.7°. Post-operative evaluating showed kneefunction from 75 points to 95 points with an average of 88 points, implying good func-tional results. We consider that the Koshino technique of high tibial osteotomy has manyadvantages. It is suited to medial and medial

  9. Complications after intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy: relationship to the shape of the osteotomy line.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawase-Koga, Y; Mori, Y; Fujii, Y; Kanno, Y; Chikazu, D; Susami, T; Takato, T

    2016-02-01

    Intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO) is used widely to correct mandibular prognathism. However, several disadvantages of this procedure have been reported, such as condylar luxation and bony interference at the osteotomy site. The aim of this study was to survey the incidence of complications (condylar luxation and bony interference) based on the shape of the osteotomy line. One hundred and eighty-five rami in 118 patients with jaw deformities, which were treated with IVRO, were examined retrospectively. The shape of the osteotomy line and the postoperative complications were examined on panoramic radiographs. Osteotomy lines were classified into three types: vertical, C-shaped, and oblique. Of the 185 osteotomy sites, 98 were vertical, 37 C-shaped, and 50 oblique. Condylar luxation was found in six rami (3.2%); four had undergone vertical osteotomy and two had undergone C-shaped osteotomy. Bony interference occurred in seven rami (3.8%), all with vertical type osteotomy lines. Most complications occurred in the vertical type cases and no complications were found in oblique type cases. Condylar luxation was found mainly in unilateral IVRO cases and bony interference was found in bilateral IVRO cases. These results suggest that the oblique type of osteotomy line has the advantage of avoiding complications. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  10. LeFort I Osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchanan, Edward P; Hyman, Charles H

    2013-08-01

    The LeFort I osteotomy is one of the most commonly used procedures to correct midface deformities. It allows for correction in three dimensions including advancement, retrusion, elongation, and shortening. It is indicated, often in conjunction with mandibular surgery, for class II and III malocclusion, facial asymmetry, obstructive sleep apnea, and maxillary atrophy. Before surgery, proper orthodontics and surgical planning should be undertaken to ensure adequate outcomes. Overall, the surgery is widely used due to its low complication profile and reliable long-term results.

  11. Severe gummy smile with class II malocclusion treated with LeFort I osteotomy combined with horseshoe osteotomy and intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Shimo, Tsuyoshi; Nishiyama, Akiyoshi; Jinno, Tokiari; Sasaki, Akira

    2013-01-01

    .... The patient had an 11-mm gingival exposure during full smile and a convex profile. A LeFort I osteotomy combined with a horseshoe osteotomy was used for the superior repositioning of the maxilla...

  12. Effects on the Tarsal Tunnel Following Malerba Z-type Osteotomy Compared to Standard Lateralizing Calcaneal Osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cody, Elizabeth A; Greditzer, Harry G; MacMahon, Aoife; Burket, Jayme C; Sofka, Carolyn M; Ellis, Scott J

    2016-09-01

    Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a known complication of lateralizing calcaneal osteotomy. A Malerba Z-type osteotomy may preserve more tarsal tunnel volume (TTV) and decrease risk of neurovascular injury. We investigated 2 effects on the tarsal tunnel of the Malerba osteotomy compared to a standard lateralizing osteotomy using a cadaveric model: (1) the effect on TTV as measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and (2) the proximity of the osteotomy saw cuts to the tibial nerve. Ten above-knee paired cadaveric specimens underwent MRI of the ankle to obtain a baseline measurement of TTV. One foot in each pair received a standard lateralizing calcaneal osteotomy, with the other foot receiving a Malerba osteotomy. MRIs were performed after each of 3 increasing amounts of lateral displacement, which were accompanied by increasing amounts of wedge resection in the Malerba osteotomy group. TTV was measured on MRI using previously described and validated parameters. Differences in TTV with osteotomy type, displacement, and their interaction were assessed with generalized estimating equations. After all MRIs were completed, each specimen was dissected and the nearest distance of tibial nerve branches to the osteotomy site was measured. Baseline TTV averaged 13 229 ± 2354 mm(3) and did not differ between groups (P = .386). TTV decreased on average by 7% after the first translation, 14% after the second, and 27% after the third (P osteotomies versus those with Malerba osteotomies (P = .578). At least one of the major branches of the tibial nerve crossed the osteotomy site in 5 of 5 specimens that received the Malerba osteotomy versus 2 of 5 that received a standard osteotomy. Regardless of osteotomy type, lateralizing calcaneal osteotomy decreased TTV. In all specimens, the osteotomy was at the level of branches of the tibial nerve. Our results demonstrate that lateralizing calcaneal osteotomies must be performed with care to avoid excessive lateral translation as well as

  13. Minimally Invasive Osteotomies of the Calcaneus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guyton, Gregory P

    2016-09-01

    Osteotomies of the calcaneus are powerful surgical tools, representing a critical component of the surgical reconstruction of pes planus and pes cavus deformity. Modern minimally invasive calcaneal osteotomies can be performed safely with a burr through a lateral incision. Although greater kerf is generated with the burr, the effect is modest, can be minimized, and is compatible with many fixation techniques. A hinged jig renders the procedure more reproducible and accessible. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Total Hip Arthroplasty after Previous Acetabular Osteotomy: Comparison of Three Types of Acetabular Osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamaki, Tatsuya; Oinuma, Kazuhiro; Miura, Yoko; Shiratsuchi, Hideaki

    2016-01-01

    To compare surgical results of total hip arthroplasty (THA) following acetabular osteotomy, operative records of 13 hips following Chiari osteotomy (Chiari group), 22 hips following rotational periacetabular osteotomy (RAO; RAO group), 16 hips following shelf acetabuloplasty (Shelf group), and 2475 hips without previous osteotomy (Control group) were retrospectively reviewed. The operative time was significantly longer in the RAO group than in the Control group. Bulk bone augmentation was required more often in the Chiari and RAO groups than in the Control group. An early migration of the acetabular cup occurred in 2 hips in the RAO group. RAO made conversion to THA more complicated than did the Chiari osteotomy or the shelf acetabuloplasty. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Tibial Tubercle Osteotomy: Indication and Techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grawe, Brian; Stein, Beth Shubin

    2015-08-01

    Osteotomy of the tibial tubercle is a versatile procedure that can be utilized for several common pathologies about the patellofemoral joint. Most commonly, tuberosity transfer is employed for the treatment of patellar instability or symptomatic overload of the patella. The osteotomy can be combined with soft tissue realignment procedures or cartilage reconstructive techniques. A precise understanding of the surgical anatomy and the biomechanics of the patellofemoral articulation is essential for producing a successful outcome during surgery. Tailoring the direction of transfer to the pathoanatomy of each patient is critical for producing a durable and lasting result following a tibial tubercle osteotomy. When evaluating a patient for a possible transfer, a thorough history and physical evaluation must be undertaken, along with imaging to the patellofemoral joint. Several useful advanced imaging techniques can also be used to guide the surgeon toward the most appropriated osteotomy for the patient. The purpose of this article is to review the indications for performing a tibial tubercle osteotomy, and highlighting the various techniques for transfer.

  16. Supramalleolar Osteotomy With or Without Fibular Osteotomy for Varus Ankle Arthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hongmou, Zhao; Xiaojun, Liang; Yi, Li; Hongliang, Liu; Junhu, Wang; Cheng, Liu

    2016-09-01

    Supramalleolar osteotomy (SMOT) is an alternative operative procedure for the management of early and midstage varus ankle arthritis. However, whether fibular osteotomy is needed is controversial. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the functional and radiologic outcomes of pre- and postoperative SMOT, and to compare the outcomes between patients with and without fibular osteotomy. Forty-one Takakura stage 2 and 3 varus ankle osteoarthritis patients treated with SMOT were included. Fourteen males and 27 females with a mean age of 50.7 (range, 32-71) years were followed with a mean of 36.6 (range, 17-61) months. There were 22 cases with fibular osteotomy and 19 without. The American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, Maryland foot score, and Ankle Osteoarthritis Score (AOS) were used for pre- and postoperative functional evaluation. The tibial articular surface angle (TAS), talar tilt (TT), tibiocrural angle (TC), and tibial lateral surface angle (TLS) were evaluated pre- and postoperatively. At the last follow-up, the mean AOFAS score (from 50.8 to 83.1 points) and Maryland score (from 58.3 to 81.6 points) in overall were improved (P osteotomy. However, in the fibular osteotomy group, TT was decreased (P osteotomy may be necessary in cases with large TT and small TC angles. Level III, retrospective comparative study. © The Author(s) 2016.

  17. 胫骨高位截骨合并骨膜移植治疗膝关节骨性关节炎%HIGH TIBIAL OSTEOTOMY COMBINED WITH AUTOGENOUS PERIOSTEAL GRAFT FOR OSTEOARTHRITIS OF KNEE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安挺秀; 马长有; 李进法; 吴仁志; 倪振中

    1998-01-01

    膝关节骨性关节炎十分常见,治疗较为困难.为了提高膝关节骨性关节炎的治疗效果,于1988年7月~1992年10月,采用胫骨高位外翻截骨植骨矫正膝关节骨性关节炎膝内翻畸形的同时,用自体骨膜移植治疗髌骨软骨软化症.手术治疗32例(51个膝).经平均5.1年随访,优良率为90.2%,明显优于各式单纯胫骨高位截骨术.认为,该手术是治疗膝关节骨性关节炎膝内翻畸形伴髌骨软骨软化症的有效方法之一.

  18. A Long-Term Follow-up Study of High Tibial Osteotomy in Medial Compartment Osteoarthrosis%胫骨高位截骨术治疗膝关节骨关节炎的长期随访

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周青; 张辉

    2000-01-01

    目的:为了观察胫骨高位截骨术治疗膝关节骨关节炎的远期治疗效果.方法:作者随访了1988~1997年10年间在新加坡中央医院行胫骨高位截骨术的438名(486膝)膝关节骨关节炎的患者.结果:手术后5年内的优良率为88.5%,手术后5~10年的优良率为61.9%.但在手术后仍有18.9%的患者因治疗效果的下降须再次手术置换人工膝关节.结论:我们认为胫骨高位截骨术虽然是治疗膝关节骨关节炎的一种有效手段,但远期仍有一部分患者因治疗效果下降须再次手术.

  19. O uso do plasma rico em plaquetas associado ao aspirado de medular óssea na osteotomia tibial tipo puddu The use of platelet rich plasma enriched with bone marrow aspirate in puddu tibial osteotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caio Oliveira D'Elia

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O presente estudo procurou avaliar a aplicação do plasma rico em plaquetas associado ao aspirado de medular óssea como substituto ósseo ao enxerto autólogo do ilíaco nas osteotomias tibiais proximais de cunha de adição medial (OTCAM. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 25 pacientes submetidos a OTCAM divididos de forma randomizada em dois grupos, grupo ilíaco, 14 pacientes submetidos a OTCAM nos quais se utilizou o enxerto autólogo do ilíaco para preencher o sitio da osteotomia, grupo PRP, 11 pacientes submetidos a OTCAM nos quais se utilizou um composto formado por plasma rico em plaquetas associado ao aspirado de medular ósseo para preencher o sitio da osteotomia. Foram avaliados o sangramento (variação dos níveis de hemoglobina e hematócrito e a dor (escala visual analógica -EVA, comparando os grupos em relação a essas variáveis. RESULTADOS: Não foram observadas diferenças entre os grupos no que se refere à variação dos níveis de hemoglobina (p = 0,820 e hematócrito (p = 0,323. Os grupos não foram diferentes em relação à intensidade da dor segundo a EVA (p = 0,538. CONCLUSÃO: O uso do PRP associado ao aspirado de medular óssea nas OTCAM não demonstrou vantagem sobre a utilização do enxerto autólogo do ilíaco no que se refere a dor e sangramento.OBJECTIVE: The present study was performed in order to evaluate the use of platelet rich plasma associated to bone marrow aspirate, substituting autologous iliac bone graft in medial opening wedge osteotomy (OWHTO. METHODS: Twenty-five patients were submitted to tibial opening wedge osteotomy, being divided into two groups. Iliac group: 14 patients submitted to OWHTO, using autologous iliac bone graft to fill the gap. PRP group: 11 patients using platelet rich plasma associated to bone marrow aspirate to fill the gap. We evaluated bleeding (hemoglobin and hematocrit levels and pain (visual analogic scale-VAS, then we compared the groups regarding these variables

  20. Distal femoral osteotomy using a novel deformity reduction device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panichi, Enrico; Cappellari, Fulvio; Olimpo, Matteo; Piras, Lisa A; Radasch, Robert; Ferretti, Antonio; Peirone, Bruno

    2016-09-20

    Distal femoral osteotomy is a surgical procedure used to correct patellar luxation, secondary to a femoral deformity. A distal femoral osteotomy using the tibial plateau levelling osteotomy-jig to temporarily provide stability of the distal femoral osteotomy, maintaining limb alignment in the frontal and axial planes prior to internal plate fixation of the osteotomy, has been described. This report describes a novel jig named Deformity Reduction Device (DRD). This device was developed with the specific aim of increasing precision and predictability during corrective osteotomy execution in order to be consistent with the preoperative planning. The distal femoral osteotomy DRD-assisted procedure is described in detail, discussing the theoretical and practical principles of the application.

  1. The distal radial decompression osteotomy for ulnar impingement syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krimmer, Hermann; Unglaub, Frank; Langer, Martin F; Spies, Christian K

    2016-01-01

    The decompression of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) is performed by ulnar translation of the radial shaft proximal to the sigmoid notch, i.e. detensioning of the distal part of the interosseous membrane (DIOM) while containment of the DRUJ is achieved by closed wedge osteotomy of the radius. The osteotomy shortens the radius which entails detensioning of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC). Facilitating the modified Henry approach to the distal palmar radius a radial based wedge osteotomy is applied. The proximal osteotomy is proximal to the ulnar head and distal osteotomy is proximal to the sigmoid notch to prevent iatrogenic impingement. Ulnar translation of the radial shaft is performed to loosen the DIOM. The closed wedge osteotomy reduces radial inclination which will foster containment of the DRUJ. Distal radial decompression osteotomy of the DRUJ preserves DRUJ function while relieving painful impingement. Further surgical interventions are not compromised in case of failure.

  2. Triple pelvic osteotomy in the treatment of hip dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vukasinović, Zoran; Spasovski, Dusko; Zivković, Zorica; Slavković, Nemanja; Cerović, Sofija

    2009-01-01

    Insufficient femoral head coverage is found in a variety of diseases, with acetabular dysplasia as the most frequent disorder and triple pelvic osteotomy as the most recently introduced surgical treatment. This study analyses pre- and postoperative pathoanatomic characteristics of triple in comparison to Salter and Chiari osteotomies, with a logistic regression analysis of outcome predictor and effect explanator factors in relation to the chosen type of operation. The study involved 136 adolescents treated with Salter and Chiari osteotomies or a triple pelvic osteotomy at the Institute of Orthopaedic Surgery "Banjica" in Belgrade. The patients were between 10-20 years old at the time of operation. We collected and analyzed data from all the patients: illness history, operative parameters, preoperative and postoperative pathoanatomic data. The data was statistically processed using the statistical software SPSS, defining standard descriptive values, and by using the appropriate tests of analytic statistics: t-test for dependent and independent variables, chi2-test, Fisher's exact test, Wilcoxon's test, parameter correlation, one-way ANOVA, multi-factorial ANOVA and logistic regression, according to the type of the analyzed data and the conditions under which the statistical methods were applied. The average CE angle after triple pelvic osteotomy was 43.5 degrees, more improved than after the Salter osteotomy (33.0 degrees) and Chiari osteotomy (31.4 degrees) (F = 16.822; p triple osteotomy than after the other two types of operations, and with a high significance. Preoperative painful discomfort was found to be a valid predictor of indications for the triple osteotomy over both Chiari and Salter osteotomies. The valid explanators of effect for the triple osteotomy are: postoperative joint congruence (compared to the Chiari osteotomy) and increase in joint coverage (compared to Salter osteotomy). Triple pelvic osteotomy is the method of choice in the management of

  3. Clinical and radiological outcome after periacetabular osteotomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Line B; Dengsø, Kristine; Bang-Christiansen, Karl

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: Few papers have described results after periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) and risk factors for conversion to total hip arthroplasty (THA). The aim of the present paper was to analyse clinical and radiographic outcome, survival of the hip joint and risk factors of early conversion to THA in ...

  4. Periacetabulaer osteotomi og hoftedysplasi hos yngre voksne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Troelsen, Anders; Søballe, Kjeld

    2009-01-01

    The periacetabular osteotomy is recognized as the surgical treatment of choice in young adults with symptomatic hip dysplasia. The procedure is performed to delay or prevent the development of osteoarthritis. The procedure has the ability to improve function and preserve hip joints in > 80% of ca...

  5. Rod strain after pedicle subtraction osteotomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gehrchen, Poul Martin; Hallager, Dennis Winge; Dahl, Benny

    2016-01-01

    Pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) can provide major sagittal correction for adult spinal deformity, sometimes achieving correction greater than 308. Surgeons have reported failure rates up to 30% within 2 years, increasing to 46% after 4 to 5 years (SDC Figure 1, http://links.lww.com/BRS/B87). ...

  6. Southwick Osteotomy Stabilised with External Fixator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grubor, Predrag; Mitkovic, Milorad; Grubor, Milan

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT Introduction: Epiphysiolysis of the femoral head is the most common accident occurring towards the end of pre-puberty and puberty growth. Case report: The author describes the experience in the treatment of chronic epiphysiolysis in two patients treated by Southwick osteotomy. The site is accessed by way of a 15-cm long lateral skin incision and the trochanteric region is reached through the layers. The osteotomy angles prepared beforehand on a thin aluminium model are used to mark the Southwick osteotomy site on the anterior and lateral sides at the level of the lesser trochanter. Before performing the trochanteric osteotomy, two Mitković convergent pins type M20 are applied distally and proximally, above the planned osteotomy site. A tenotomy of the iliopsas muscle is performed, and then the previously marked bone triangle is redissected up to three quarters of the width of the femur. The distal part of the femur is rotated inwards, so that the patella is turned towards the ceiling. The osteotomised fragments of the femur are adapted, repositioned and fixated by installing an external fixator on the previously placed pins. Two more pins are placed, one proximally and one distally, with a view to adequately stabilising the femur. The patient was mobile from day two after the surgery. If, after the surgery, the lead surgeon realises that there is a requirement to make a correction of 5, 10 and 15 degrees of the valgus, varus, anteversion or retroversion deformity, the correction shall be performed without surgically opening the patient, using the fixator pins. Conclusion: After performing a Southwick osteotomy it is easier to adapt, reposition and fixate the osteotomised fragments of the femur using a fixator type M20. Adequate stability allows regaining mobility quickly, which in turn is the best prevention of chondrolysis of the hip. It is possible to make post-operative valgus, varus, anteversion and retroversion corrections of 5, 10 and 15 degrees

  7. Spinal pedicle subtraction osteotomy for fixed sagittal imbalance patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyun, Seung-Jae; Kim, Yongjung J; Rhim, Seung-Chul

    2013-11-16

    In addressing spinal sagittal imbalance through a posterior approach, the surgeon now may choose from among a variety of osteotomy techniques. Posterior column osteotomies such as the facetectomy or Ponte or Smith-Petersen osteotomy provide the least correction, but can be used at multiple levels with minimal blood loss and a lower operative risk. Pedicle subtraction osteotomies provide nearly 3 times the per-level correction of Ponte/Smith-Petersen osteotomies; however, they carry increased technical demands, longer operative time, and greater blood loss and associated significant morbidity, including neurological injury. The literature focusing on pedicle subtraction osteotomy for fixed sagittal imbalance patients is reviewed. The long-term overall outcomes, surgical tips to reduce the complications and suggestions for their proper application are also provided.

  8. Severe gummy smile with class II malocclusion treated with LeFort I osteotomy combined with horseshoe osteotomy and intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimo, Tsuyoshi; Nishiyama, Akiyoshi; Jinno, Tokiari; Sasaki, Akira

    2013-01-01

    In this article, we report the successful surgical treatment of a patient, 34 years of age, who had a severe gummy smile and a class II malocclusion. The patient had an 11-mm gingival exposure during full smile and a convex profile. A LeFort I osteotomy combined with a horseshoe osteotomy was used for the superior repositioning of the maxilla;then, an intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO) and genioplasty were performed for mandibular advancement. The maxilla was acceptably impacted 8mm at the first incisor and 5mm at the first molar. Both the occlusion and facial appearance were significantly improved by this surgical-orthodontic treatment. Our results suggest that the combination of a horseshoe osteotomy with a LeFort I osteotomy is a useful technique for reliable superior repositioning of the maxilla.

  9. The pelvic support osteotomy: indications and preoperative planning

    OpenAIRE

    Pafilas, Dimitrios; Nayagam, Selvadurai

    2008-01-01

    The pelvic support osteotomy is a double level femoral osteotomy with the objective of eliminating a Trendelenburg and short limb gait in young patients with severe hip joint destruction as a consequence of neonatal septic arthritis. The osteotomy has seen several changes and a brief historical overview is provided to set the evolution of the modifications of the procedure in context. We present an analysis of the preoperative assessment that will assist the surgeon to plan out the procedure....

  10. Polygonal triple (Kotz) osteotomy (over 10 years experience)

    OpenAIRE

    Sen, Cengiz; Gunes, Taner; Erdem, Mehmet; Ozger, Harzem; Tozun, I. Remzi

    2006-01-01

    We evaluated the results of polygonal triple (Kotz) osteotomy for the treatment of acetabular dysplasia over 10 years. This study included 31 hips of 27 patients who had the Kotz osteotomy for acetabular dysplasia. The mean age was 21.5 years. We performed the original Kotz osteotomy for the first 22 hips (group I), while the modified Kotz osteotomy through an intra-pelvic approach without damage to the abductor muscle was applied for the last 9 hips (group II). Patients were evaluated by cli...

  11. Dimensions of Velopharyngeal Space following Maxillary Advancement with Le Fort I Osteotomy Compared to Zisser Segmental Osteotomy: A Cephalometric Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Furkan Erol Karabekmez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study are to assess the velopharyngeal dimensions using cephalometric variables of the nasopharynx and oropharynx as well as to compare the Le Fort I osteotomy technique to Zisser’s anterior maxillary osteotomy technique based on patients’ outcomes within early and late postoperative follow-ups. 15 patients with severe maxillary deficiency treated with Le Fort I osteotomy and maxillary segmental osteotomy were assessed. Preoperative, early postoperative, and late postoperative follow-up lateral cephalograms, patient histories, and operative reports are reviewed with a focus on defined cephalometric landmarks for assessing velopharyngeal space dimension and maxillary movement (measured for three different tracing points. A significant change was found between preoperative and postoperative lateral cephalometric measurements regarding the distance between the posterior nasal spine and the posterior pharyngeal wall in Le Fort I osteotomy cases. However, no significant difference was found between preoperative and postoperative measurements in maxillary segmental osteotomy cases regarding the same measurements. The velopharyngeal area calculated for the Le Fort I osteotomy group showed a significant difference between the preoperative and postoperative measurements. Le Fort I osteotomy for advancement of upper jaw increases velopharyngeal space. On the other hand, Zisser’s anterior maxillary segmental osteotomy does not alter the dimension of the velopharyngeal space significantly.

  12. Newborn exstrophy closure without osteotomy: Is there a role?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inouye, Brian M; Lue, Kathy; Abdelwahab, Mahmoud; Di Carlo, Heather N; Young, Ezekiel E; Tourchi, Ali; Grewal, Mehnaj; Hesh, Christopher; Sponseller, Paul D; Gearhart, John P

    2016-02-01

    Recent articles document successful classic bladder exstrophy (CBE) closure without osteotomy. Still, many patients require osteotomy if they have a large bladder template and pubic diastasis, or non-malleable pelvis. To understand the indications and outcomes of bladder closure with and without pelvic osteotomy in patients younger than 1 month of age. An institutional database of 1217 exstrophy-epispadias patients was reviewed for CBE patients closed at the authors' institution within the first month of life. Patient demographics, closure history, pubic diastasis distance, bladder capacity, and outcomes were recorded and compared using chi-square tests between osteotomy and non-osteotomy patients. Failure was defined as bladder dehiscence, prolapse, vesicocutaneous fistula, or bladder outlet obstruction requiring reoperation. Bladder capacity >100 mL was deemed sufficient for bladder neck reconstruction (BNR). One hundred CBE patients were included for analysis: 38 closed with osteotomy (26 male, 12 female), and 62 closed without osteotomy (42 male, 20 female). There were four failed closures in the osteotomy group (2 dehiscence, 2 prolapse) and four failed closures in the non-osteotomy group (2 dehiscence, 2 prolapse). This corresponded to statistically equivalent rates of failure between the osteotomy and non-osteotomy groups (10.5% vs. 6.5%, p = 0.466). There was no statistically significant difference between the groups' ability to achieve bladder capacity sufficient for BNR (82% vs. 71%, p = 0.234). A successful primary bladder closure, regardless of the use of osteotomy, has been shown to be the single most important predictor of eventual continence. Because of the complexity of exstrophy manifestations, a multidisciplinary team approach is of the utmost importance. Based on our institutional experience, closure without osteotomy is considered when patients are osteotomy in patients considered suitable for closure by both the pediatric urologist and

  13. 3D imaging in corrective osteotomy of the distal radius

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vroemen, Joy

    2013-01-01

    The research described in this thesis is on the development, design, implementation and testing of new techniques for corrective osteotomy of the distal radius. The goal of this thesis is threefold. At first, possible pitfalls of conventional corrective osteotomy surgery were determined and quantifi

  14. Triple pelvic osteotomy in the treatment of hip dysplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vukašinović Zoran

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Insufficient femoral head coverage is found in a variety of diseases, with acetabular dysplasia as the most frequent disorder and triple pelvic osteotomy as the most recently introduced surgical treatment. Objective. This study analyses pre- and postoperative pathoanatomic characteristics of triple in comparison to Salter and Chiari osteotomies, with a logistic regression analysis of outcome predictor and effect explanator factors in relation to the chosen type of operation. Methods. The study involved 136 adolescents treated with Salter and Chiari osteotomies or a triple pelvic osteotomy at the Institute of Orthopaedic Surgery 'Banjica' in Belgrade. The patients were between 10-20 years old at the time of operation. We collected and analyzed data from all the patients: illness history, operative parameters, preoperative and postoperative pathoanatomic data. The data was statistically processed using the statistical software SPSS, defining standard descriptive values, and by using the appropriate tests of analytic statistics: t-test for dependent and independent variables, χ2-test, Fisher's exact test, Wilcoxon's test, parameter correlation, one-way ANOVA, multi-factorial ANOVA and logistic regression, according to the type of the analyzed data and the conditions under which the statistical methods were applied. Results. The average CE angle after triple pelvic osteotomy was 43.5°, more improved than after the Salter osteotomy (33.0° and Chiari osteotomy (31.4° (F=16.822; p<0.01. Postoperative spherical congruence was also more frequent after the triple osteotomy than after the other two types of operations, and with a high significance. Preoperative painful discomfort was found to be a valid predictor of indications for the triple osteotomy over both Chiari and Salter osteotomies. The valid explanators of effect for the triple osteotomy are: postoperative joint congruence (compared to the Chiari osteotomy and increase in joint

  15. Polygonal triple (Kotz) osteotomy (over 10 years experience).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sen, Cengiz; Gunes, Taner; Erdem, Mehmet; Ozger, Harzem; Tozun, I Remzi

    2007-06-01

    We evaluated the results of polygonal triple (Kotz) osteotomy for the treatment of acetabular dysplasia over 10 years. This study included 31 hips of 27 patients who had the Kotz osteotomy for acetabular dysplasia. The mean age was 21.5 years. We performed the original Kotz osteotomy for the first 22 hips (group I), while the modified Kotz osteotomy through an intra-pelvic approach without damage to the abductor muscle was applied for the last 9 hips (group II). Patients were evaluated by clinically and radiologically. The average follow-up was 106 months in group I, and 18 months in group II. The Trendelenburg gait was unchanged for four patients in group I and for one patient in group II. The Harris Hip Score improved in all patients postoperatively. Radiographic assesment showed improvement in both groups in terms of the angle of CE, VCE, and Sharp postoperatively(PTrendelenburg gait compared to the original Kotz osteotomy.

  16. The pelvic support osteotomy: indications and preoperative planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pafilas, Dimitrios; Nayagam, Selvadurai

    2008-09-01

    The pelvic support osteotomy is a double level femoral osteotomy with the objective of eliminating a Trendelenburg and short limb gait in young patients with severe hip joint destruction as a consequence of neonatal septic arthritis. The osteotomy has seen several changes and a brief historical overview is provided to set the evolution of the modifications of the procedure in context. We present an analysis of the preoperative assessment that will assist the surgeon to plan out the procedure. Specifically, we set out to answer the following questions: (a) Where should the first osteotomy be performed and what is the magnitude of valgus and extension correction desired at this level? (b) Where should the second osteotomy be performed and what is the magnitude of varus and derotation desired at this level?

  17. Surgical site infection after osteotomy of the adult spine: does type of osteotomy matter?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pull ter Gunne, A.F.; Laarhoven, C.J.H.M. van; Cohen, D.B.

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Surgical site infection after spinal surgery is frequently seen. It occurs between 0.7% and 12% of patients, leading to higher morbidity, mortality, and health-care costs. Osteotomy procedures are known to have increased blood losses and surgical times when compared with other sp

  18. Surgical site infection after osteotomy of the adult spine: does type of osteotomy matter?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pull ter Gunne, A.F.; Laarhoven, C.J.H.M. van; Cohen, D.B.

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Surgical site infection after spinal surgery is frequently seen. It occurs between 0.7% and 12% of patients, leading to higher morbidity, mortality, and health-care costs. Osteotomy procedures are known to have increased blood losses and surgical times when compared with other

  19. Surgical site infection after osteotomy of the adult spine: does type of osteotomy matter?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pull ter Gunne, A.F.; Laarhoven, C.J.H.M. van; Cohen, D.B.

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Surgical site infection after spinal surgery is frequently seen. It occurs between 0.7% and 12% of patients, leading to higher morbidity, mortality, and health-care costs. Osteotomy procedures are known to have increased blood losses and surgical times when compared with other sp

  20. Intraosseous heat generation during sonic, ultrasonic and conventional osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rashad, Ashkan; Sadr-Eshkevari, Pooyan; Heiland, Max; Smeets, Ralf; Hanken, Henning; Gröbe, Alexander; Assaf, Alexandre T; Köhnke, Robert H; Mehryar, Pouyan; Riecke, Björn; Wikner, Johannes

    2015-09-01

    To assess heat generation in osteotomies during application of sonic and ultrasonic saws compared to conventional bur. Two glass-fiber isolated nickel-chromium thermocouples, connected to a recording device, were inserted into fresh bovine rib bone blocks and kept in 20 ± 0.5 °C water at determined depths of 1.5 mm (cortical layer) and 7 mm (cancellous layer) and 1.0 mm away from the planned osteotomy site. Handpieces, angulated 24-32°, were mounted in a vertical drill stand, and standardized weights were attached to their tops to exert loads of 5, 8, 15 and 20 N. Irrigation volumes of 20, 50 and 80 ml/min were used for each load. Ten repetitions were conducted using new tips each time for each test condition. The Mann-Whitney-U test was used for statistical analysis (p osteotomies were associated with significantly lower heat generation than conventional osteotomy (p osteotomy showed non-significantly lower heat generation than ultrasonic osteotomy. Generated heat never exceeded the critical limit of 47 °C in any system. Variation of load had no effect on heat generation in both bone layers for all tested systems. An increased irrigation volume resulted in lower temperatures in both cortical and cancellous bone layers during all tested osteotomies. Although none of the systems under the conditions of the present study resulted in critical heat generation, the application of ultrasonic and sonic osteotomy systems was associated with lower heat generation compared to the conventional saw osteotomy. Copious irrigation seems to play a critical role in preventing heat generation in the osteotomy site. Copyright © 2015 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. [Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (Ganz procedure). First experience].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chládek, Petr; Trc, T; Schejbalová, A; Rehácek, V

    2009-08-01

    Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), treated either conservatively or surgically, may result in a dysplastic acetabulum. To treat this after bone maturation is completed, Bernese periacetabular osteotomy, also known as the Ganz procedure, has recently been used as the method of choice at our department. The evaluation of the first results is presented here. The group evaluated comprised 25 hips (21 female and 4 male) in 22 patients. Nineteen hips were treated for residual dysplasia of the acetabulum due to DDH, and six for a spastic hip. The average age was 26 years (range, 12 to 44) and 14 right and 11 left hips were involved On pre- and post-operative radiographs the AC index, Wiberg lateral CE angle, Wagner index, improvement in Shenton's line, and lateralisation and anteversion of the acetabulum were compared. Bernese periacetabular osteotomy is an extensive surgical procedure requiring special instrumentation. It may be associated with serious complications and has a relatively long learning curve. The average follow-up was 18 months (range, 2 to 36). The average duration of surgery was 2 hours and 44 min (range, 2 to 31/ 2 h). The average values improved in the AC index by 24 degrees, lateral CE angle by 29 degrees and Wagner index by 18 %. Shenton's line was corrected by surgery in 20 hips and lateral migration in 16 hips. In two hips lateralisation did not changed. Two serious complications were recorded: para-articular ossification requiring excision and concomitant acetabular trimming, and great intra-operative blood loss. Various mechanisms of damage to the hip are discussed and the methods of treatment outlined, together with prerequisites for successful surgery. Potential complications and their treatment are mentioned. Bernese periacetabular osteotomy makes the range of roofing procedures for hip joint treatment wider. These, as well as hip joint reduction techniques, should be performed in major specialized centres.

  2. Complex osteotomies vertebral column resection and decancellation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obeid, Ibrahim; Bourghli, Anouar; Boissière, Louis; Vital, Jean-Marc; Barrey, Cédric

    2014-07-01

    Pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) is nowadays widely used to treat sagittal imbalance. Some complex malalignment cases cannot be treated by a PSO, whereas the imbalance is coronal or mixed or the sagittal imbalance is major and cannot be treated by a single PSO. The aim of this article was to review these complex situations--coronal imbalance, mixed imbalance, two-level PSO, vertebral column resection, and vertebral column decancellation, and to focus on their specificities. It wills also to evoke the utility of navigation in these complex cases.

  3. Medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy using minimally invasive technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kheir, Ehab; Borse, Vishal; Sharpe, Jon; Lavalette, David; Farndon, Mark

    2015-03-01

    Medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy is a common procedure often used as part of pes planovalgus deformity correction. Traditionally the osteotomy is performed using a direct lateral or extended lateral approach, which may carry the risk of wound problems, infection and neurovascular injury. The authors describe a minimally invasive technique to perform the osteotomy and achieve the desired correction. The article illustrates our experience and learning curve with the use of this technique as an option for calcaneal osteotomy. We retrospectively reviewed the records of a sequential series of patients since 2011 whose calcaneal osteotomies were performed by 2 surgeons, after cadaveric training using a minimally invasive operative approach. Prior to 2011, similar surgeries, performed by the senior authors, were undertaken using a direct lateral approach. Thirty cases were identified; 29 had tibialis posterior reconstruction coupled with calcaneal osteotomy for acquired flexible planovalgus deformity and 1 patient had surgery for a malunited calcaneal fracture. Radiological and clinical union occurred in all 30 cases (100%). The radiographs of all cases were reviewed by a specialist musculoskeletal radiologist. There were no neurovascular or wound complications. All patients had restoration of neutral hindfoot alignment. One patient required screw removal after union, resolving all symptoms. This series suggests that minimally invasive calcaneal osteotomy surgery can achieve excellent union rates aiding correction of deformity with no observed neurovascular or soft tissue complications. For surgeons experienced in open surgery, there is a short learning curve after appropriate training. © The Author(s) 2014.

  4. Intraoral Zygoma Reduction Using L-shaped Osteotomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Seung Eup; Liu, Si You; Kim, Jeong Tae; Lee, Jong Hun

    2014-01-01

    Background Because of the various defects of malarplasty, including a large incision, much bleeding, visible scars after the operation, and so on, caused by the conventional coronal incision or the temporal incision with the intraoral incision approach, the malarplasty by simple intraoral approach is an innovative development. Methods Through the intraoral approach and subperiosteal dissection, we can reach the osteotomy point on the zygomatic body directly and arrive at the osteotomy point at the zygomatic arch end along the medial side of the zygoma. A new L osteotomy is applied with the reciprocating saw. In addition, the osteotomy was performed on the zygomatic arch from the inside out with an angle of 20 degrees horizontally. Results From 1997 to 2010, we were satisfied with the results of 114 cases of malarplasty with the intraoral approach and L osteotomy as the observed objects. There are 103 cases for women and 11 for men. Ages ranged from 16 to 48 years. The mean operation time is approximately 1 hour. We just had a few complications: 3 nonunion at the osteotomy line and needed a second surgery to repair as well as 2 slight cheek drooping during the initial period and required face lifting. Conclusions The method of intraoral approach and L-shaped osteotomy for zygoma reduction can reduce prominent zygoma while maintaining the natural curves of the zygomatic body and arch. Because of the simple procedures, fewer complications, and excellent results, this method will be considered a relatively desirable way. Level of Evidence Therapeutic, III. PMID:24657982

  5. A dual anteroposterior approach to the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, H T; Woo, S H; Lee, J S; Cheon, S J

    2009-07-01

    When the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy is performed through an anterior approach, the ischial and retroacetabular osteotomies and manual fracture of the incompletely osteotomized ischium are conducted with an incomplete view resulting in increased risk and morbidity. We have assessed the dual anteroposterior approach which appears to address this deficiency. We compared the results of the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy performed in 11 patients (13 osteotomies) through a single anterior approach with those in 12 patients (13 osteotomies) in whom the procedure was carried out through a dual anteroposterior approach. The estimated blood loss, the length of anaesthesia, duration of surgery and radiological parameters were measured. The mean operative time and length of anaesthesia were not significantly different in the two groups (p = 0.781 and p = 0.698, respectively). The radiological parameters improved to a similar extent in both groups after the operation but there was significantly less blood loss in the dual osteotomy group (p = 0.034). The dual anteroposterior approach provides a direct view of the retroacetabular and ischial parts of the osteotomy, within a reasonable operating time and with minimal blood loss and gives a satisfactory outcome.

  6. Supramalleolar Osteotomies for Posttraumatic Malalignment of the Distal Tibia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krause, Fabian; Veljkovic, Andrea; Schmid, Timo

    2016-03-01

    Supramalleolar osteotomies of the tibia (SMOT) for posttraumatic distal tibial malalignment has shown to reduce pain, improve function and radiographic signs of osteoarthritis, and delay ankle arthrodesis or total joint replacement. The procedure also protects the articular cartilage from further degenerative processes by shifting and redistributing loads in the ankle joint. It is technically demanding and requires extensive preoperative planning. The type of osteotomy (opening vs closing wedge) does not influence the final outcome. However, based on the limited evidence, a grade I treatment recommendation has been given for supramalleolar osteotomies of the tibia to treat mild to moderate ankle arthritis in the presence of distal tibial malalignment.

  7. The biomechanical differences of rotational acetabular osteotomy, Chiari osteotomy and shelf procedure in developmental dysplasia of hip

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background Rotational acetabular osteotomy (RAO), Chiari osteotomy and shelf procedure are important treatments to delay the progression of osteoarthritis in developmental dysplasia of hip (DDH) patients, but their biomechanical differences are still unknown. This study was to evaluate the different biomechanical changes of hip joint after these three surgeries. Methods Sixteen DDH models of 8 human cadaver specimens were reconstructed, and treated by different surgeries, and then strain around femoral head was evaluated by strain gauges. Results Hip strain value of DDH model was decreased after treated by shelf procedure (Pleft = 0.016 and Pright = 0.021) and rotational acetabular osteotomy (P = 0.004), but not in Chiari osteotomy (P = 0.856). Moreover, the improved ratio of RAO treatment was better than shelf procedure (P = 0.015) and Chiari osteotomy (P = 0.0007), and the descendent range of shelf procedure was greater than Chiari osteotomy (P = 0.018). Conclusions From biomechanics points, RAO was more effective in relieving hip joint stress compared with shelf procedure and Chiari osteotomy. PMID:24555880

  8. Osteochondritis dissecans after rotational acetabular osteotomy for dysplastic hip

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nozawa, Masahiko; Maezawa, Katsuhiko; Yuasa, Takahito; Morimoto, Kouichi; Asakura, Taro; Kurosawa, Hisashi [Juntendo University School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tokyo (Japan)

    2005-12-01

    We encountered a rare case of osteochondritis dissecans of the femoral head after rotational acetabular osteotomy that recovered with conservative treatment 4 years after the detection of characteristic radiological findings. (orig.)

  9. Evolution of technique and indications for the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leunig, Michael; Ganz, Reinhold

    2011-01-01

    Acetabular dysplasia is among the most frequent causes of secondary osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. While hip arthrolasty is a valid option in elderly patients, young and active patients are likely to outlive their implants and therefore may require a different approach. During the last 20 years, the emphasis of these osteotomies shifted from the femoral to the acetabular side, with the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy being one of the most frequently and successfully used techniques today. The procedure combines a polygonal juxta-articular osteotomy using a modified Smith-Peterson approach. During refinement of the technique, the principle osteotomy steps remained unchanged, while the soft-tissue dissection has been modified, in that the abductors are not detached from the iliac wing. Due to a better appreciation of hip deformities, other indications for this technique have continuously evolved over time.

  10. Tibial tubercle osteotomy for patello-femoral joint disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Matthew J; Mandalia, Vipul I

    2016-03-01

    Tibial tubercle osteotomy has a long history in the management of patella instability and patello-femoral arthritis. This review aims to provide a comprehensive review of the literature describing the biomechanics of the patello-femoral joint and the rationale behind the use of the tibial tubercle osteotomy in modern day practice. Several different tibial tubercle osteotomies are available and we aim to detail the concepts behind their use and the subsequent clinical results. With continued developments of chondrocyte implantation techniques, the potential to fill defects on the chondral surface of either the patella or trochlea in conjunction with a tibial tubercle osteotomy may well become more commonplace in a group that is commonly young and difficult to manage. Level of evidence III.

  11. Salter osteotomy in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, George H

    2011-09-01

    Femoral head containment in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) can be either surgical or nonsurgical. The Salter or innominate osteotomy is a common method of surgical containment. This is a review of the technique and results of this osteotomy in LCPD. The operative technique is relatively simple but requires considerable experience to perform correctly. It can be used alone or in combination with a proximal femoral varus osteotomy. The indications for a Salter osteotomy are essentially the same as in any form of containment treatment in LCPD. This includes: age at clinical onset of 6 to 10 years (perhaps, 5 y in female), more than one-half capital femoral epiphyseal involvement (Catterall groups III or IV, Salter-Thompson group B, and lateral pillar groups B, B/C, and C), and a good range of hip motion before surgery. The osteotomy alone is usually indicated for younger children with recent clinical onset and no femoral head deformity or subluxation. The combined procedure is better suited for older children and those with subluxation or a deformed femoral head. Currently, the results of treatment are best determined at skeletal maturity using the Stulberg et al classification. When used alone, approximately 90% to 95% of the involved hips will have achieved a Stulberg et al class I, II, or III result. When combined with a proximal femoral varus osteotomy, the results are somewhat less because of the older age at onset and/or the presence of a deformed hip. The Salter osteotomy in LCPD is an effective method of surgical treatment that can alter the natural history of the disease process. The main advantage of this osteotomy is its effect on femoral head remodeling during remaining growth.

  12. Supramalleolar osteotomy for realignment of the ankle joint.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siddiqui, Noman A; Herzenberg, John E; Lamm, Bradley M

    2012-10-01

    Ankle replacement systems have not been as reliable as hip replacements in providing long-term relief of pain, increased motion, and return to full activity. Supramalleolar Osteotomy is an extraarticular procedure that realigns the mechanical axis, thereby restoring ankle function. The literature discussing knee arthritis has shown that realignment osteotomies of the tibia improve function and prolong total knee replacement surgery. The success of the procedure is predicated on understanding the patient's clinical and radiographic presentation and proper preoperative assessment and planning.

  13. Blood flow in rabbit osteotomies studied with radioactive microspheres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aalto, K. (Department of Surgery, Aurora Hospital, Nordenskioeldinkatu, Helsinki, Finland); Slaetis, P. (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Surgical Hospital, University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland)

    1984-01-01

    Arterial embolisation with radioactive microspheres was used to measure the proportion of cardiac output to the skeleton and the tibiofibular bone both in unoperated rabbits and in rabbits after tibial osteotomy and subsequent external fixation. The mean uptake of the intact tibiofibula was 0.11 per cent of the cardiac output and, correspondingly, 0.21 per cent after the osteotomy. Maximal uptake occurred 18 days after the operation which was accompanied by a slight decrease in overall skeletal circulation.

  14. Femoral neck non-union treatment by valgus intertrochanteric osteotomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartsmann, Carlos Roberto; Spinelli, Leandro de Freitas; Yépez, Anthony Kerbes; Boschin, Leonardo Carbonera; Silva, Marcelo Faria

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of valgus intertrochanteric osteotomy in femoral neck non-union. METHODS : Forty-two patients with femoral neck fractures with non-union treated using Pauwels' intertrochanteric osteotomy were reviewed. Demographics, time elapsed between fracture and surgery, follow--up, osteosynthesis used, Garden's classification, limb shortening, and x-rays were evaluated. RESULTS : Twenty-two men and 20 women were reviewed. The youngest patient was 18 years old and the oldest 65 years old, with a mean age of 42.4 years (±11.2). The minimum follow-up was 2 years, with a mean of 10.2 years. The average time elapsed between initial fracture and osteotomy was 6.5 months. Twel-ve cases were neglected femoral neck fractures. Nineteen patients were classified as Garden III, and 23 patients as Garden IV. After valgus osteotomy, non-union healing was observed in 38 patients (38/42; 90.4%). Healing of thirty-seven cases of pseudoarthrosis were obtained after the first-attempt osteotomy, and one case required two operations for healing. The osteotomy failed in four cases. Conside-ring the healed osteotomies, good to excellent functional results were achieved in 80.9% (34/42) of the patients. Total hip replacement was subsequently performed in 14.2% (6/42) of the patients for unfavoura-ble outcomes (two for cutting out, two for osteonecrosis, and two for osteoarthritis). CONCLUSIONS : Valgus intertrochanteric osteotomy has a high success rate in archiving healing in femoral neck non-union with good functional results. It is a biological and effective method. Level of Evidence IV, Therapeutic Study. PMID:27057146

  15. Lateral closed wedge osteotomy for cubitus varus deformity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srivastava Amit

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Lateral closed wedge (LCW osteotomy is a commonly accepted method for the correction of the cubitus varus deformity. The fixation of osteotomy is required to prevent loss of correction achieved. The fixation of the osteotomy by the two screw and figure of eight wire is not stable enough to maintain the correction achieved during surgery. In this prospective study we supplemented the fixation by Kirschner′s (K- wires for stable fixation and evaluated the results. Materials and Methods: Twenty-one cases of the cubitus varus deformity following supracondylar fractures of the humerus were operated by LCW osteotomy during February 2001 to June 2006. The mean age of the patients at the time of corrective surgery was 8.5 years (range 6.6-14 years. The osteotomy was fixed by two screws with figure of eight tension band wire between them and the fixation was supplemented by passing two to three K-wires from the lateral condyle engaging the proximal medial cortex through the osteotomy site. Result: The mean follow-up period was 2.5 years (range seven months to 3.4 years. The results were assessed as per Morrey criteria. Eighteen cases showed excellent results and three cases showed good results. Two cases had superficial pin tract infection. Conclusion: The additional fixation by K wires controls rotational forces effectively besides angulation and translation forces and maintains the correction achieved peroperatively.

  16. Bernese periacetabular osteotomy for hip dysplasia: Surgical technique and indications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamath, Atul F

    2016-05-18

    For young, active patients with healthy hip cartilage, pelvic osteotomy is a surgical option in to address hip pain and to improve mechanical loading conditions related to dysplasia. Hip dysplasia may lead to arthrosis at an early age due to poor coverage of the femoral head and abnormal loading of the joint articulation. In patients with symptomatic dysplasia and closed triradiate cartilage (generally over age 10), including adolescents and young adults (generally up to around age 40), the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is a durable technique for addressing underlying structural deformity. The PAO involves a modified Smith-Petersen approach. Advantages of the Bernese osteotomy include preservation of the weight-bearing posterior column of the hemi-pelvis, preservation of the acetabular blood supply, maintenance of the hip abductor musculature, and the ability to effect powerful deformity correction about an ideal center of rotation. There is an increasing body of evidence that preservation of the native hip can be improved through pelvic osteotomy. In contrast to hip osteotomy and joint preservation, the role of total hip arthroplasty in young, active patients with correctable hip deformity remains controversial. Moreover, the durability of hip replacement in young patients is inherently limited. Pelvic osteotomy should be considered the preferred method to address correctable structural deformity of the hip in the young, active patient with developmental dysplasia. The Bernese PAO is technically demanding, yet offers reproducible results with good long-term survivorship in carefully selected patients with preserved cartilage and the ability to meet the demands of rehabilitation.

  17. Vascular lesions secondary to osteotomy by corticotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spinelli, Francesco; Spinelli, Renato; Stilo, Francesco; De Caridi, Giovanni; Mirenda, Francesco

    2007-01-01

    Management of vascular traumas is frequently delayed. Vascular injuries after elective operation for bone lengthening or correction of a deformity are very'rare situations. We describe 3 cases. Case 1: male, aged 22, undergoing corticotomy for bone lengthening; immediately presented acute limb ischaemia due to a partial lesion of the popliteal artery, documented by U.S. After 7 h, direct reconstruction of the artery and fasciotomies were performed. Case 2: male, aged 27, undergoing directional osteotomy for genu varus correction. For 30 days, constant increase in leg volume and decrease in function. US showed an important haematoma at the popliteal level; arteriography documented a partial lesion of the infra-genicular popliteal artery and a voluminous false aneurysm. Direct correction of the artery and fasciotomies were performed. Case 3: male, aged 22, undergoing corticotomy for leg lengthening; immediately presented leg pain with decreased distal pulses. After 4h, there was an increase in leg volume, and arteriography showed a total lesion of the infra-genicular popliteal artery and an arteriovenous fistula. Popliteo-tibial bypass with the contralateral greater saphenous vein and fasciotomies were performed. After 1 month endovascular closure of the fistula was obtained. All patients had recovered after two months with only minor leg insufficiency. Patency of the bypass and absence of infections or delayed false aneurysms were achieved. Vascular injuries after elective orthopaedic procedures are very rare situations. Such lesions are caused by an osteotomy via corticotomy performed percutaneously. The variety of clinical presentations accounts for the difficulty in diagnosing such lesions and for the delays in implementing treatment. It is very important to obtain an early diagnosis complete with an arteriography.

  18. Walking pattern in 9 women with hip dysplasia 18 months after periacetabular osteotomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Eva N G; Alkjaer, Tine; Søballe, Kjeld

    2006-01-01

    BaCKGROUND: Periacetabular osteotomy improves radiographic predictors of osteoarthrosis and diminishes pain and functional impairment. No changes in function quantified by gait analysis have yet been documented. We evaluated the functional outcome of periacetabular osteotomy in relation to gait...

  19. Safety and Efficacy of Derotational Osteotomy for Congenital Radioulnar Synostosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simcock, Xavier; Shah, Apurva S; Waters, Peter M; Bae, Donald S

    2015-12-01

    Congenital radioulnar synostosis (CRUS) refers to an abnormal connection between the radius and ulna due to embryological failure of separation. Derotational osteotomy has been advocated for children with functional limitations, although historically this procedure has been associated with a 36% complication rate including compartment syndrome and loss of correction. A retrospective evaluation of consecutive patients who underwent derotational osteotomy for CRUS at a single institution was performed. Children with functional limitations secondary to excessive pronation were indicated for surgery with a goal of correction to 10 to 20 degrees of pronation. All patients were treated with a standardized surgical technique including careful subperiosteal elevation, rotational osteotomy at the level of the synostosis, control of the osteotomy fragments, appropriate pinning techniques, and prophylactic forearm fasciotomies. Electronic medical records, preoperative radiographs, and postoperative radiographs were reviewed. Derotational osteotomy was performed in 31 forearms in 26 children (13 bilateral, 13 unilateral) with a mean age of 6.8 years (range, 3.0 to 18.8 y). The mean clinical follow-up was 46 months (range, 6 to 148 mo). The mean preoperative pronation deformity was 85 degrees (range, 60 to 100 degrees). The mean correction achieved was 77 degrees (range, 40 to 95 degrees), resulting in a mean final position of 8 degrees of pronation (range, 0 to 30 degrees). All patients successfully achieved union by 8 weeks postoperatively. There were no cases of compartment syndrome, vascular compromise, or loss of fixation. The overall complication rate was 12% (2 transient anterior interosseous nerve palsies, 1 transient radial nerve palsy, 1 symptomatic muscle herniation). Both transient anterior interosseous nerve palsies occurred in patients with rotational corrections exceeding 80 degrees. Derotational osteotomy can be safely and effectively performed in children with

  20. A Comparison between External versus Internal Lateral Osteotomy in Rhinoplasty

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    M Hashemi

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Lateral osteotomy is a major part of rhinoplasty for remodeling external facet of the nose and narrowing of nasal base and dorsum after removal of the hump. There are two techniques for lateral osteotomy known as external and internal. Each of these provide advantages and impose limitations. The purpose of our study was to compare the severity of postoperative edema and ecchymosis between internal and external osteotomy techniques. Methods: This study was designed as a clinical trial on 30 cases. With randomization, one side of the nasal bone was selected for internal approach, and the other side, for external approach. Then, on the 1st and 7th days after surgery, the patients were scored for the severity of edema and ecchymosis. Results: On the first day after surgery, not only edema, but also ecchymosis was lower with the external osteotomy than with the internal approach (P = 0.037, P = 0.002, respectively. The severity of ecchymosis, on the 7th postoperative day, was lower with the external approach, and the difference was significant (P = 0.011. The severity of both edema and ecchymosis on the first postoperative day was evaluated higher in females, with statistically significant differences (P = 0.05 for edema and P = 0.003 for ecchymosis. The extension of ecchymosis on the 7th postoperative day was higher in women (P = 0.05. There were no significant differences between the two approaches in medialization of the involved bones and no apparent asymmetries either. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, external osteotomy seems to be the approach of choice, provided that the surgeon has enough experience in doing it. Keywords: Rhinoplasty, Internal osteotomy, External osteotomy, Ecchymosis, Edema

  1. Patterns of healing: a comparison of two proximal tibial osteotomy techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Peek, Anna C.; Timms, Anna; Chin, Kuen F.; Calder, Peter; Goodier, David

    2016-01-01

    Several low-energy osteotomy techniques are described in the literature, but there is limited evidence comparing them. Our study evaluates the patterns of regenerate formation using two different osteotomy techniques. Two cohorts of patients underwent osteotomy of the tibia using a Gigli saw (n = 15) or De Bastiani corticotomy (n = 12) technique. The patient radiographs were assessed by the two senior authors who were blinded to the osteotomy type. Regenerate quality was assessed along the an...

  2. Inicial nasal mucosa detachment using piezoelectric device in the Le Fort I osteotomy: A technical note

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    Elio Hitoshi Shinohara

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In maxillary Le Fort I type osteotomy the detachment of the nasal mucosa should be done carefully. Piezoelectric surgery contributed much to increase the safety of osteotomies, despite the initial advantage of minimizing the risk of injury in nervous tissue, mainly in bilateral sagittal split osteotomy; we use the piezoelectric device for the initial detachment of the nasal mucosa in the maxillary osteotomy.

  3. Modified Mitchell osteotomy alone does not have higher rate of residual metatarsalgia than combined first and lesser metatarsal osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Shu-Jung; Cheng, Yuh-Min; Lin, Sung-Yen; Chen, Chung-Hwan; Huang, Hsuan-Ti; Huang, Peng-Ju

    2015-04-01

    Transfer metatarsalgia (TM) is a common forefoot disorder secondary to hallux valgus (HV). Some authors suggest that a combined lesser metatarsal osteotomy while undergoing HV surgery improves metatarsalgia, whereas others concluded that isolated HV corrective osteotomy can improve symptomatic metatarsalgia. The main purpose of this retrospective study was to compare clinical outcomes in patients with and without combined lesser metatarsal osteotomy while receiving HV correction surgery. We retrospectively reviewed the patients who underwent osteotomy for HV correction between January 2000 and December 2010. All patients underwent HV correction with modified Mitchell osteotomy. Clinical evaluations including the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society score and residual metatarsalgia were assessed, and radiographic measurements were carried out. Sixty-five patients (83 feet) meeting the selection criteria were enrolled. Thirty feet receiving a combined lesser metatarsal osteotomy were classified as the combined surgery (CS) group, and the others were classified as the control (CN) group (53 feet). The overall rate of persistent symptomatic metatarsalgia was 19.28% after operative treatment. There were six feet with residual metatarsalgia in the CS group, and 10 feet in the CN group. There was no significant difference in the rate of persistent symptoms between the two groups (p = 0.9). According to this result, modified Mitchell osteotomy alone did not have a higher rate of residual metatarsalgia than CS. We also found that the average recovery rate of TM was about 80.7% and those patients whose preoperative HV angle was > 30° had the higher risk of residual metatarsalgia after surgery. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Taiwan.

  4. Modified Mitchell osteotomy alone does not have higher rate of residual metatarsalgia than combined first and lesser metatarsal osteotomy

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    Shu-Jung Chen

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Transfer metatarsalgia (TM is a common forefoot disorder secondary to hallux valgus (HV. Some authors suggest that a combined lesser metatarsal osteotomy while undergoing HV surgery improves metatarsalgia, whereas others concluded that isolated HV corrective osteotomy can improve symptomatic metatarsalgia. The main purpose of this retrospective study was to compare clinical outcomes in patients with and without combined lesser metatarsal osteotomy while receiving HV correction surgery. We retrospectively reviewed the patients who underwent osteotomy for HV correction between January 2000 and December 2010. All patients underwent HV correction with modified Mitchell osteotomy. Clinical evaluations including the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society score and residual metatarsalgia were assessed, and radiographic measurements were carried out. Sixty-five patients (83 feet meeting the selection criteria were enrolled. Thirty feet receiving a combined lesser metatarsal osteotomy were classified as the combined surgery (CS group, and the others were classified as the control (CN group (53 feet. The overall rate of persistent symptomatic metatarsalgia was 19.28% after operative treatment. There were six feet with residual metatarsalgia in the CS group, and 10 feet in the CN group. There was no significant difference in the rate of persistent symptoms between the two groups (p = 0.9. According to this result, modified Mitchell osteotomy alone did not have a higher rate of residual metatarsalgia than CS. We also found that the average recovery rate of TM was about 80.7% and those patients whose preoperative HV angle was > 30° had the higher risk of residual metatarsalgia after surgery.

  5. Trochanteric osteotomy versus posterolateral approach: Function the first year post surgery. A pilot study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. van der Grinten (Margot); M. Reijman (Max); F.C. van Biezen (Frans); J.A.N. Verhaar (Jan)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Although no prospective studies have compared functional results of trochanteric osteotomy and a non-trochanteric approach, most surgeons feel that trochanteric osteotomy is outdated in simple hip arthroplasty. Reasons not to perform an osteotomy include the fear of longer re

  6. Poly(L-lactide) bone plates and screws for internal fixation of mandibular swing osteotomies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tams, J; Rozema, FR; Bos, RRM; Roodenburg, JLN; Nikkels, PGJ; Vermey, A

    1996-01-01

    This study evaluated bone healing after mandibular swing osteotomies fixed with biodegradable poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) bone plates in four patients. A step osteotomy treated with two PLLA bone plates (n=3), and a straight osteotomy treated with one PLLA bone plate (n=1) were performed. Bone healing wa

  7. Comparison of the surgical approaches for a Chiari pelvic osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, H; Matsuno, T; Minami, A

    2003-03-01

    We present the mid- to long-term results of the Chiari pelvic osteotomy for dysplastic hips. We followed 135 hips in 129 patients, with a mean age at the time of surgery of 24 years, for a mean of 16.2 years We used the anterior iliofemoral approach without trochanteric osteotomy in the initial 31 hips. Thereafter, we used transtrochanteric approaches in an attempt to ensure that the osteotomy was at the most appropriate level, and to advance the high-riding greater trochanter distally. The next 79 hips therefore underwent a posterolateral approach and the most recent 25 hips an Ollier lateral U approach. The clinical result was excellent or good in 103 hips (77%). The outcome in 104 hips in which we used a transtrochanteric approach was superior, the osteotomy level was more appropriate and a Trendelenburg gait less common than in 31 hips in which we used an anterior approach. We therefore recommend the use of a transtrochanteric approach in order to ensure that the osteotomy is at an appropriate level and in order to achieve effective distal advancement of the high-riding greater trochanter.

  8. One-stage rotational osteotomy for congenital radioulnar synostosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, J H; Kim, H W; Lee, D H; Chung, J H; Park, H

    2015-10-01

    We report the results of a one-stage rotational osteotomy of the proximal third of the ulna and distal third of the radius with segmental bone resection for treating congenital radioulnar synostosis. We retrospectively reviewed 25 patients (28 forearms) treated by operation. Patients were divided into two groups according to the method of internal fixation at the osteotomy sites. In Group 1 the ulnar osteotomy was stabilized with an intramedullary pin and in Group 2 no fixation was used. The average forearm position improved from 47° pronation before surgery, to 27° supination after surgery. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in surgical outcomes. One-stage rotational osteotomy of the proximal third of the ulna and distal third of the radius with segmental bone resection is a simple and safe treatment for patients with congenital radioulnar synostosis. Internal fixation at the osteotomy site seems to be unnecessary. Level of evidence: Level 4. © The Author(s) 2015.

  9. Non-union following bilateral simultaneos Ganz trochanteric osteotomy

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    Sean M. Dixon

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Between January 2003 and December 2004, 13 patients underwent bilateral resurfacing arthroplasty via a Ganz trochanteric osteotomy. This bilateral group was mobilised fully weight-bearing with crutches. During the same period 139 Ganz trochanteric osteoto-mies were performed for unilateral hip resurfacing. These patients were mobilised with crutches, weight-bearing up to 10 kg on the operated leg. Nine osteotomies (32% in the bilateral group subsequently developed a symptomatic non-union requiring revision of fixation. This compares with 10 patients (7% in the unilateral group. Applying the Fisher’s exact test, the difference reached significance (P=0.0004. In two patients a second revision was required to achieve union. In one patient, revision of trochanteric fixation precipitated a deep infection. Protected weight-bearing following a Ganz trochanteric osteotomy is important to the success of the procedure. Simultaneous bilateral hip arthroplasty through a Ganz approach should be avoided. If it is undertaken, we recommend that patients should be non weight-bearing for 6 weeks following surgery. Non-union following a Ganz trochanteric osteotomy for arthroplasty carries a significant morbidity.

  10. Equivalent correction in scarf and chevron osteotomy in moderate and severe hallux valgus: a randomized controlled trial.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deenik, A.; Mameren, H van; Visser, E. de; Waal Malefijt, M.C. de; Draijer, F.; Bie, R. de

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Chevron osteotomy is a widely accepted osteotomy for correction of hallux valgus.(18) Algorithms were developed to overcome the limitations of distal osteotomies. Scarf osteotomy has become popular as a versatile procedure that should be able to correct most cases of acquired hallux valg

  11. Severe unilateral scissor bite and bimaxillary protrusion treated by horseshoe Le Fort I osteotomy combined with mid-alveolar osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimazaki, Kazuo; Otsubo, Kunihiko; Yonemitsu, Ikuo; Kimizuka, Sachiko; Omura, Susumu; Ono, Takashi

    2014-03-01

    This report describes an orthognathic surgical case employing horseshoe Le Fort I osteotomy (HLFO) combined with mid-alveolar osteotomy and bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO) for a patient with severe unilateral scissor bite and bimaxillary protrusion. A female patient (aged 26 years, 2 months) presented with a chief complaint of dysmasesis caused by scissor bite on the right side. The clinical examination revealed difficulty in lip closure and a convex profile. Overerupted right maxillary premolars and molars and lingual tipping of the right mandibular premolars and molars were indicated before treatment. After 3 months of presurgical orthodontic treatment, two-jaw surgery involving a combination of HLFO with mid-alveolar osteotomy and BSSRO was performed. A good interdigitation in the right side was established by superior-posterior-medial movement of the dento-alveolar segment of the maxilla. Next, both the maxilla and mandible were moved superiorly and posteriorly to correct the improper lip protrusion, thereby improving the patient's profile. Our results suggest that this new orthognathic surgery technique-achieved by combining HLFO with mid-alveolar osteotomy and BSSRO-is effective for adult patients exhibiting severe unilateral scissor bite and bimaxillary protrusion.

  12. Comparison of two approaches to lateral osteotomy in Saudi patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirza, Ahmad A; Marglani, Osama A; Farooq, Mian U; Al-Khatib, Talal A; Jameel, Waed S; Sultan, Noran A; Aly, Mohammed S

    2017-01-01

    Nasal deformity is an abnormality in the appearance of the nose due to either congenital defect or trauma. In traumatic cases, patients often present with combined functional and cosmetic complaints. Therefore, otolaryngologists take into account both breathing and aesthetic nasal issues. To evaluate the changes in the nasal dorsum and base; compare breathing and aesthetic satisfaction scores between two approaches to lateral nasal osteotomy: low-to-low and low-to-high. Comparative observational; data gathered retrospectively and prospectively. Head and Neck and Skull Base Center, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Patients who received hump reduction rhinoplasty from 2013 to 2016 met the inclusion criteria. Patients with a low satisfaction level for aesthetic sensibility (neutral and dissatisfied) underwent low-to-high osteotomy. The differences in dorsal (DW) and ventral (VW) widths with a fixed interpupillary distance (IPD). Satisfaction scores for both cosmetic perspective and breathing functionality. We included 46 patients; 28 patients underwent low-to-low osteotomy and 18 patients underwent low-to-high osteotomy. With both approaches, there were statistically decreases from preoperative to postoperative ratios of VW/IPD and DW/IPD. However, differences in DW/IPD ratio and VW/IPD ratio (pre- versus post-op) were significantly higher in the low-to-low group (P osteotomy showed a satisfactory outcome in both objective and subjective measures. However, low-to-low osteotomy was superior in pre- to post-operative differences in DW/IPD and VW/IPD ratios. Sampling was by convenience. The study was conducted in a single tertiary center and was a small sample.

  13. Intra-Articular Osteotomy for Distal Humerus Malunion

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    René K. Marti

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Intra-articular osteotomy is considered in the rare case of malunion after a fracture of the distal humerus to restore humeral alignment and gain a functional arc of elbow motion. Traumatic and iatrogenic disruption of the limited blood flow to the distal end of the humerus resulting in avascular necrosis of capitellum or trochlea is a major pitfall of the this technically challenging procedure. Two cases are presented which illustrate the potential problems of intra-articular osteotomy for malunion of the distal humerus.

  14. Dome-shaped osteotomy for distal radius fracture malunions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunelli, Giorgio A

    2003-06-01

    After having hinted to the various component of the malformity caused by malunions of the distal radius fracture, the various possibilities of correcting this deformity are described. The difficulty to correct all the components of the deformity are considered. Then a Dome-shaped osteotomy of the distal radius is described that allows to correct all the deformities in all the directions as the gliding plane of the osteotomy is spherical. The ulnar plus and the DRUJ alterations are corrected by means of an added Sauvé-Kapandji procedure that guarantees against any painful movement of the DRUJ preserving effective prono-supination.

  15. Advanced containment methods for the treatment of Perthes disease: Salter plus varus osteotomy and triple pelvic osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wenger, Dennis R; Pandya, Nirav K

    2011-09-01

    The goal of intervention in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease has been to prevent femoral head deformation by containing the head within the acetabulum, using it as a mold for guiding femoral head development. With appropriate proximal femoral morphology, premature arthritis can hopefully be avoided. Both nonsurgical and surgical methods of treatment have evolved over time, from abduction casts and braces to advanced surgical containment methods, which are now the mainstay of treatment. The purpose of this study is to briefly review the evolution of surgical treatment of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease, and to concentrate on 2 advanced surgical containment methods: combined Salter innominate osteotomy with femoral varus osteotomy and triple pelvic osteotomy.

  16. Correction of Hallux Valgus Interphalangeus With an Osteotomy of the Distal End of the Proximal Phalanx (Distal Akin Osteotomy).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vander Griend, Robert

    2017-02-01

    Operative correction of a symptomatic hallux valgus interphalangeus (HVI) deformity is often achieved with an osteotomy at the proximal end of the proximal phalanx (Akin osteotomy). However, the apex of the typical HVI deformity (center of rotation angle) is at the interphalangeal joint of the hallux. This study was done to evaluate the results of performing a medial closing wedge osteotomy at the distal end of the proximal phalanx. Thirty-three patients (33 feet) underwent an osteotomy at the distal end of the proximal phalanx for correction of HVI. All of the patients had other forefoot deformities which were corrected at the same time. Eight of these were revision procedures of prior forefoot operations. The length of follow-up was determined by the associated procedures with a minimum follow-up of 4 months. The preoperative hallux valgus interphalangeus angle averaged 16 degrees of valgus (range 7-32 degrees) and was corrected to an average of 2 degrees of valgus (range 5 degrees valgus to 5 degrees varus). All of the patients were satisfied with the postoperative appearance and function of the first toe. Because of simultaneous correction of numerous other forefoot problems, it was not possible to specifically isolate or evaluate the effects and benefits of this osteotomy using outcomes measures. There was one intraoperative complication resulting in a fracture extending into the adjacent IP joint. Correction of an HVI deformity can be achieved with an osteotomy at the distal end of the proximal phalanx. This was a safe technique with few complications and with good results in terms of both correction and patient satisfaction. Level IV, retrospective case series.

  17. [The bare area of the proximal ulna : An anatomical study on optimizing olecranon osteotomy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hackl, M; Lappen, S; Neiss, W F; Scaal, M; Müller, L P; Wegmann, K

    2016-10-01

    Olecranon osteotomy is an established approach for the treatment of distal humerus fractures. It should be performed through the bare area of the proximal ulna to avoid iatrogenic cartilage lesions. The goal of this study was to analyze the anatomy of the proximal ulna with regard to the bare area and, thereby, to optimize the hitting area of the bare area when performing olecranon osteotomy. The bare areas of 30 embalmed forearm specimens were marked with a radiopaque wire and visualized three-dimensionally with a mobile C‑arm. By means of 3D reconstructions of the data sets, the following measurements were obtained: height of the bare area; span of the bare area-hitting area in transverse osteotomy; ideal angle for olecranon osteotomy to maximize the hitting area of the bare area; distance of the posterior olecranon tip to the entry point of the transverse osteotomy and the ideal osteotomy. The height of the bare area was 4.92 ± 0.81 mm. The hitting area of the transverse osteotomy averaged 3.73 ± 0.89 mm. The "ideal" angle for olecranon osteotomy was 30.7° ± 4.19°. The distance of the posterior olecranon tip to the entry point was 14.08 ± 2.75 mm for the transverse osteotomy and 24.21 ± 3.15 mm for the ideal osteotomy. The hitting area of the bare area in the ideal osteotomy was enhanced significantly when compared to the transverse osteotomy (p osteotomy of the olecranon. Moreover, a 30° angulation of the osteotomy can significantly increase the hitting area of the bare area.

  18. A guiding oblique osteotomy cut to prevent bad split in sagittal split ramus osteotomy: a technical note

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    Gururaj Arakeri

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To present a simple technical modification of a medial osteotomy cut which prevents its misdirection and overcomes various anatomical variations as well as technical problems. Methods: The medial osteotomy cut is modified in the posterior half at an angle of 15°-20° following novel landmarks. Results: The proposed cut exclusively directs the splitting forces downwards to create a favorable lingual fracture, preventing the possibility of an upwards split which would cause a coronoid or condylar fracture. Conclusion: This modification has proven to be successful to date without encountering the complications of a bad split or nerve damage.

  19. Short lingual osteotomy without fixation: a new strategy for mandibular osteotomy known as "physiological positioning".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohba, Seigo; Yoshida, Masashi; Kohara, Haruka; Kawasaki, Takako; Minamizato, Tokutarou; Koga, Takamitsu; Nakatani, Yuya; Wanatabe, Etsuko; Nakao, Noriko; Yoshida, Noriaki; Asahina, Izumi

    2014-02-01

    We describe the strategy of physiological positioning, which we regard as a new alternative treatment to conventional orthognathic operations, and treated 18 patients with skeletal mandibular prognathism using it. The positions of SNB, FMA, and Me were measured postoperatively to assess skeletal stability, changes in the angle and perpendicular length of the upper and lower central incisors were measured to assess dental stability, and we confirmed that both skeletal and dental stability were excellent. The width to which the jaw could be opened recovered early, and we saw only one case of disorder of the temporomandibular joint. Short lingual osteotomy with physiological positioning is an effective new approach to the treatment of deformities of the mandible.

  20. First bite syndrome after bimaxillary osteotomy: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scholey, April Louise; Suida, Mohamed Imran

    2015-07-01

    We present what is to the best of our knowledge the first reported case of first bite syndrome as a delayed complication of bimaxillary osteotomy. Copyright © 2015 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Postoperative contamination of mandibular osteotomy sites with saliva

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koole, Ronald; Egyedi, P.

    1987-01-01

    Postoperative salivary contamination of surgical wounds around the mandible was found in several types of osteotomy and bone grafting procedure. This problem was investigated by determining the amylase content of wound secretions in redon bottles every 24h. The implications for antibiotic

  2. [Bernese periacetabular osteotomy for the treatment of severe hip dysplasia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Ye; Zhang, Hong; Liu, Qing; Jiang, Zeng-hui; Dou, Yong

    2010-02-15

    To analyze the mid-term clinical and radiographic results obtained with the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy for the treatment of severe hip dysplasia. From October 1997 to December 2002 20 hips of 18 patients were classified as having severe acetabular dysplasia (Severin classification Grade IVb). Preoperatively, all patients had hip pain, and sufficient hip joint congruency on functional radiographs. All 20 hips underwent Bernese periacetabular osteotomy. Postoperatively, the hips were assessed radiographically on center edge angle (CE), acetabular roof obliquity and the progression of osteoarthritis. Clinical results and hip function were measured with the Harris hip score at an average of 6.2 years follow-up. Comparison of preoperative and follow-up radiographs demonstrated significant improvements in the lateral CE angle, the anterior CE angle, and roof obliquity. The average Harris hip score improved from 78.5 points preoperatively to 91.1 points at the time of the latest follow-up. Fourteen of 18 patients were satisfied with the result of the surgery, and 16 of 20 hips had a good or excellent clinical result. Under-correction occurred in 5 hips. The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy is an effective procedure for surgical correction of the severe dysplastic hip. This osteotomy can predictably obtain major reorientation of the acetabulum in all planes. The clinical results in the mid-term follow-up are encouraging.

  3. Comparison of three approaches of Bernese periacetabular osteotomy

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    Luo DZ

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Dianzhong Luo, Hong Zhang, Weijia Zhang Division of Joint Surgery and Sport Medicine, Department of Orthopaedics, First Affiliated Hospital of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Background: Developmental dysplasia of the hip is a common disease and treated with various surgical approaches. Improved ilioinguinal (I-I approach, two-incision Smith-Peterson (TSP approach, and modified Smith-Peterson (MSP approach are three main approaches; however, they are rarely compared. The present study compared the operative time, blood loss, intraoperative and postoperative allogeneic blood transfusion, and postoperative complications of these three different approaches. Hypothesis: Surgical approach does not influence the operation time, blood loss, and complications of periacetabular osteotomy. Level of evidence: Level III. Case–control study. Patients and methods: In a total of 101 hips of 95 cases, from February 2010 to July 2011, three different approaches of Bernese periacetabular osteotomy, I-I, TSP, and MSP, were conducted. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, allogeneic blood transfusion, and early complications in different operation approaches were compared by a retrospective study when there were similar ages, genders, and lesions. Results: Among the three approaches, I-I had less operation time and more blood loss (P<0.05, TSP had less blood loss (P<0.05 but more complications, and MSP had less blood loss (P<0.05 and less complications. Discussion: The MSP approach is superior to the other two approaches in doing periacetabular osteotomy. Keywords: periacetabular osteotomy, operation approaches, complications

  4. Corrective Osteotomy for Ipsilateral Distal Clavicular and Coracoid Malunions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Atsushi

    2015-08-01

    Malunion after double disruption injuries of the superior shoulder suspensory complex accompanied by shoulder pain and dysfunction has been reported infrequently. A 37-year-old man had a double disruption injury (fractures of the distal clavicle and the base of the coracoid process). Conservative treatment resulted in malunion. Twelve months after the injury, pain continued in the coracoclavicular interval, and there was only 125° forward shoulder elevation. Radiographs showed 50° inferior angulation of the distal clavicle and elongated base of the coracoid process. Corrective osteotomy was required; however, the concomitant malunion of the coracoid prevented correction of the deformity with osteotomy of the distal clavicle alone. Therefore, osteotomy of the coracoid was performed. Twelve months postoperatively, successful bone union resulted in loss of pain. Forward elevation had recovered to 160°. Distal clavicular fractures with concomitant coracoid fractures are often significantly displaced, which disrupts physiologic coupling of clavicular and scapular motion and limits forward elevation. In the case of such malunions, excessive movement at the clavicle-scapula junction during mobilization causes pain in the coracoclavicular interval. Correction of this deformity requires osteotomy of both the clavicular and coracoid malunions.

  5. Postoperative contamination of mandibular osteotomy sites with saliva

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koole, Ronald; Egyedi, P.

    1987-01-01

    Postoperative salivary contamination of surgical wounds around the mandible was found in several types of osteotomy and bone grafting procedure. This problem was investigated by determining the amylase content of wound secretions in redon bottles every 24h. The implications for antibiotic prophylaxi

  6. Isolated lunotriquetral ligament tears treated with ulnar shortening osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirza, Ather; Mirza, Justin B; Shin, Alexander Y; Lorenzana, Daniel J; Lee, Brian K; Izzo, Brett

    2013-08-01

    To evaluate outcomes in a single-surgeon series of ulnar shortening osteotomy for the treatment of traumatic isolated tears to the lunotriquetral interosseous ligament (LTIL). This study includes 53 consecutive cases of posttraumatic isolated LTIL tears treated with ulnar shortening osteotomy with minimum 1-year follow-up (range, 1.0-10.6 y). We confirmed all LTIL tears via arthroscopy before performing a precision 2.5-mm oblique osteotomy using a modified Rayhack technique. We assessed outcomes using grip strength measurements and Chun and Palmer's modified Gartland Werley wrist scoring system, which includes subjective and objective outcome measures. Preoperatively, 45 cases were graded as fair (28%; n = 15) or poor (57%; n = 30) on the modified Gartland Werley score. There were insufficient data to calculate grades in 8 cases (15%). At final follow-up, most patients exhibited excellent (51%; n = 27) or good (32%; n = 17) scores, some scored fair (17%; n = 9), and none scored as poor. All subjective and objective variables significantly improved over a mean follow-up of 36 months (range, 12-127 mo). Mean grip strength increased from a value of 23 kg before surgery to 33 kg over the same period, a 41% increase. All patients achieved clinical and radiographic union by 10 months. Osteotomy plates were removed routinely in most cases (89%; n = 47) at a mean of 17 months. Ulnar shortening osteotomy reduced symptoms of posttraumatic isolated LTIL tears in this single-surgeon series. Therapeutic IV. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Avaliação do ângulo de inclinação tibial e altura patelar após osteotomia tibial de abertura medial Assessment of tibial slope angle and patellar height after medial-opening tibial osteotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan de Paula Mozella

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Mensurar a variação do ângulo de inclinação tibial posterior e da altura patelar em pacientes submetidos à osteotomia valgizante tibial proximal com técnica de cunha de abertura medial. MÉTODOS: Foram analisadas radiografias panorâmicas de membros inferiores em anteroposterior e perfil do joelho pré e pós-operatórias de 46 pacientes com artrose unicompartimental do joelho, em que se realizou osteotomia tibial. RESULTADOS: Em 23 casos, utilizou-se fixador externo para confecção de cunha de abertura medial gradual e nos outros 23, foi utilizada placa bloqueada com batente como método de fixação. Foram excluídos deste estudo aqueles pacientes com doença tricompartimental do joelho e aqueles submetidos à osteotomias para tratamento de sequelas de fraturas. Após a cirurgia, a inclinação tibial proximal aumentou, em média, 1,7 graus (p OBJECTIVE: To measure the variation in posterior tibial slope angle and patellar height in patients who underwent proximal tibial valgus-producing osteotomy using the medial-opening wedge technique. METHODS: Anteroposterior panoramic radiographs of the lower limbs and lateral radiographs of the knee obtained before and after tibial valgus-producing osteotomy on 46 patients with unicompartmental arthrosis of the knee were analyzed. RESULTS: In 23 patients, an external fixator was used to gradually apply a medial-opening wedge; and in the other 23, a blocked plate with a stop bar was applied as a fixation method. Patients with tricompartmental knee disease and those who underwent osteotomy to treat fracture sequelae were excluded from this study. After surgery, the mean increase in the tibial slope was 1.7 degrees (p < 0.01 in the group in which the blocked plate with a stop bar was used; and 2.7 degrees (p < 0.05 in the group in which the external fixator was used. There was no statistical difference between the groups regarding the increase in the posterior tibial slope. CONCLUSION: The

  8. Novel TPLO Alignment Jig/Saw Guide Reproduces Freehand and Ideal Osteotomy Positions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mariano, Abigail D; Kowaleski, Michael P; Boudrieau, Randy J

    2016-01-01

    To evaluate the ability of an alignment jig/saw guide to reproduce appropriate osteotomy positions in the tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) in the dog. Lateral radiographs of 65 clinical TPLO procedures using an alignment jig and freehand osteotomy performed by experienced TPLO surgeons using a 24 mm radial saw blade between Dec 2005-Dec 2007 and Nov 2013-Nov 2015 were reviewed. The freehand osteotomy position was compared to potential osteotomy positions using the alignment jig/saw guide. The proximal and distal jig pin holes on postoperative radiographs were used to align the jig to the bone; saw guide position was selected to most closely match the osteotomy performed. The guide-to-osteotomy fit was categorized by the distance between the actual osteotomy and proposed saw guide osteotomy at its greatest offset (≤1 mm = excellent; ≤2 mm = good; ≤3 mm = satisfactory; >3 mm = poor). Sixty-four of 65 TPLO osteotomies could be matched satisfactorily by the saw guide. Proximal jig pin placement 3-4 mm from the joint surface and pin location in a craniocaudal plane on the proximal tibia were significantly associated with the guide-to-osteotomy fit (P = 0.021 and P = 0.047, respectively). The alignment jig/saw guide can be used to reproduce appropriate freehand osteotomy position for TPLO. Furthermore, an ideal osteotomy position centered on the tibial intercondylar tubercles also is possible. Accurate placement of the proximal jig pin is a crucial step for correct positioning of the saw guide in either instance.

  9. Osteotomia proximal da tíbia: estabilização da abertura medial com enxerto tricortical de ilíaco Proximal tibial osteotomy: stabilization of the medial opening with atricortical iliac bone graft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto da Cunha Luciano

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliação radiográfica do alinhamento do membro inferior, nos planos frontal e sagital, após osteotomia alta da tíbia. Para estabilização da osteotomia foi utilizado enxerto tricortical de ilíaco e parafuso de posicionamento. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo envolvendo 46 pacientes com idade entre 17 e 61 anos, sendo 42 portadores de geno varo secundário à osteoartrose e quatro por outras causas. A telerradiografia foi realizada para planejamento cirúrgico, utilizando o método de Frank Noyes modificado por Fugizawa. Foi realizado acesso cirúrgico convencional de 3cm para retirada do enxerto tricortical de ilíaco. A osteotomia foi realizada sob controle de radioscopia, por incisão anteromedial de 3cm com liberação da porção superficial do ligamento colateral medial. O enxerto foi colocado na porção posterior da osteotomia, para manter inalterado o slope tibial. O parafuso cruzou a osteotomia ortogonalmente para proteger a cortical lateral. Foram estabelecidos critérios radiográficos pré e pós-operatórios para avaliação dos resultados. RESULTADOS: Houve consolidação em 100% dos casos e manutenção do eixo mecânico, obtido no intraoperatório, em 94%. A inclinação posterior do platô tibial, no plano sagital, variou entre 7º e 12º. A mobilidade articular foi restabelecida em todos os pacientes operados. Onze pacientes apresentaram dor temporária no local da retirada do enxerto; no entanto, nenhum apresentou parestesia. A incidência de complicações foi de 8% (infecção, perda da correção, fratura articular. CONCLUSÃO: A técnica mostrou-se reprodutível, simples, biológica, precisa e com baixos custos, podendo ser uma alternativa às técnicas já existentes.OBJECTIVE: Roentgenographic assessment of lower limb alignment, in the frontal and sagittal planes, after a high tibial osteotomy. To stabilize the osteotomy, a tricortical iliac graft was used along with a positioning screw. METHODS

  10. Curved Periacetabular Osteotomy for the Treatment of Dysplastic Hips

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Yoshinari

    2014-01-01

    Curved periacetabular osteotomy (CPO) was developed for the treatment of dysplastic hips in 1995. In CPO, the exposure of osteotomy sites and osteotomy of the ischium are made in the same manner as Bernese periacetabular osteotomy, and iliac and pubic osteotomies are performed in the same manner as rotational acetabular osteotomy. We studied the dynamic instabilities of 25 dysplastic hips before and after CPO using triaxial accelerometry. Overall magnitude of acceleration was significantly decreased from 2.30 ± 0.57 m/sec2 preoperatively to 1.55 ± 0.31 m/sec2 postoperatively. Pain relief and improvement of acetabular coverage resulting from acetabular reorientation seem to be related with reduction of dynamic instabilities of dysplastic hips. Isokinetic muscle strengths of 24 hips in 22 patients were measured preoperatively and after CPO. At 12 months postoperatively, the mean muscle strength exceeded the preoperative values. These results seem to be obtained due to no dissection of abductor muscles in CPO. The preoperative presence of acetabular cysts did not influence the results of CPO. An adequate rotation of the acetabular fragment induced cyst remodeling. Satisfactory results were obtained clinically and radiographically after CPO in patients aged 50 years or older. CPO alone for the treatment of severe dysplastic hips classified as subluxated hips of Severin group IV-b with preoperative CE angles of up to -20° could restore the acetabular coverage, weight-bearing area and medialization of the hip joint. CPO without any other combined procedure, as a treatment for 17 hips in 16 patients with Perthes-like deformities, produced good mid-term clinical and radiographic results. We have been performing CPO in conjunction with osteochondroplasty for the treatment of acatabular dysplasia associated with femoroacetabular impingement since 2006. The combined procedure has been providing effective correction of both acetabular dysplasia and associated femoral head

  11. Safety of modified Stoppa approach for Ganz periacetabular osteotomy: A preliminary cadaveric study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elmadağ, Mehmet; Uzer, Gökçer; Yıldız, Fatih; Ceylan, Hasan H; Acar, Mehmet A

    2016-08-01

    The aim of this cadaveric study was to investigate the efficacy of the modified Stoppa approach in Ganz periacetabular osteotomy (PAO). The Ganz PAO was performed on 10 hemipelvises with normal hips, from 5 cadavers using the modified Stoppa approach through the Pfannenstiel incision. All of the osteotomies were performed under fluoroscopic control and direct visualizing the osteotomy site from the same incision. After the osteotomy, the acetabulum was medialized and redirected anterolaterally, and fixed with 2 screws. The neurovascular structures and the joints were examined by dissecting the soft tissues after fixation of the osteotomies. Outcome parameters were center-edge (CE) angle, the distances between the osteotomy and anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS), and between the osteotomy and the sciatic notch, neurovascular and joint penetrations. After the osteotomy, the mean CE angle was improved from 19.8° to 25.2°, mean distance between the osteotomy and ASIS was 3.1 cm, and the mean distance between the osteotomy and the sciatic notch was 10.2 mm. The neurovascular structures and the joints were examined by dissecting the soft tissues after fixation of the osteotomies. No damage to the joint, surrounding arteries, veins or nerves was detected in any of the cadavers. Bilateral dysplastic hips can be treated with a 10 cm, cosmetically more acceptable incision in the same session using this approach. Quadrilateral surface of the acetabulum can be directly seen using this approach and the osteotomy can be safely performed. Copyright © 2016 Turkish Association of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. PELVIC OSTEOTOMY IN THE COMPLEX TREATMENT OF CHILDREN WITH LEGG-CALVE-PERTHES DISEASE

    OpenAIRE

    Дмитрий Борисович Барсуков; Михаил Михайлович Камоско

    2014-01-01

    At the Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics n. a. G. I. Turner we analyzed survey data of 120 patients aged from 6 to 14 years old with Legg-Calve-Perthes disease with severe epiphysis deformation, in order to improve the outcomes. All patients underwent reconstructive (remodeling) surgery - a corrective hip osteotomy, a pelvic osteotomy by Salter, a combination of these techniques and a triple pelvic osteotomy. Postoperative follow-up period averaged 10 years. It is s...

  13. Trochanteric osteotomy in total hip replacement for congenital hip disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartofilakidis, G; Babis, G C; Georgiades, G; Kourlaba, G

    2011-05-01

    We studied the effect of trochanteric osteotomy in 192 total hip replacements in 140 patients with congenital hip disease. There was bony union in 158 hips (82%), fibrous union in 29 (15%) and nonunion in five (3%). The rate of union had a statistically significant relationship with the position of reattachment of the trochanter, which depended greatly on the pre-operative diagnosis. The pre-operative Trendelenburg gait substantially improved in all three disease types (dysplasia, low and high dislocation) and all four categories of reattachment position. A persistent Trendelenburg gait post-operatively was noticed mostly in patients with defective union (fibrous or nonunion). Acetabular and femoral loosening had a statistically significant relationship with defective union and the position of reattachment of the trochanter. These results suggest that the complications of trochanteric osteotomy in total hip replacement for patients with congenital hip disease are less important than the benefits of this surgical approach.

  14. Extended trochanteric osteotomy: planning, surgical technique, and pitfalls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meek, R M; Greidanus, Nelson V; Garbuz, Donald S; Masri, Bassam A; Duncan, Clive P

    2004-01-01

    The extended trochanteric osteotomy is appropriate for a number of surgical indications. It facilitates removal of well-fixed cement mantles with a loose or well-fixed stem and of extensively porous-coated or tapered cementless stems. This exposure is particularly valuable in the presence of varus remodeling of the proximal femur, permitting correction of proximal femoral deformity and reducing the risk of fracture of the greater trochanter. It is also indicated in the removal of a well-fixed cemented stem that is complicated by infection, where it is vital to extract all foreign material for successful eradication of the infection. In addition, when the osteotomy is required for femoral exposure, it enhances acetabular exposure to allow even the most complex reconstruction. Also, as the soft-tissue attachments to the bone fragment are preserved in this approach, abductor muscle tension can be adjusted.

  15. Varus distal femoral osteotomy in young adults with valgus knee

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omidi-Kashani, Farzad; Hasankhani, Ibrahim G; Mazlumi, Mahdi; Ebrahimzadeh, Mohamad H

    2009-01-01

    Background Musculoskeletal disorders specially knee osteoarthritis are the most common causes of morbidity in old patients. Disturbance of the mechanical axis of the lower extremity is one of the most important causes in progression of knee osteoarthritis. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the surgical results of distal femoral varus osteotomy in patients with genu valgum. Methods In this study, after recording history and physical examination, appropriate radiographs were taken. We did varus distal femoral osteotomy by standard medial subvastus approach and 90-angle blade plate fixation then followed the patients clinically and radiographically. Results This study was done on 23 knees (16 patients) age 23.3 years (range, 17 to 41 years). The mean duration of following up was 16.3 months (range, 8 to 25 months). Based on paired T test, there were statistically significant difference between pre- and postoperative tibiofemoral and congruence angles (p genu valgum correction, the patella should be stabilized simultaneously. PMID:19435527

  16. Piezosurgical osteotomy for harvesting intraoral block bone graft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahalingam Lakshmiganthan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of ultrasonic vibrations for the cutting of bone was first introduced two decades ago. Piezoelectric surgery is a minimally invasive technique that lessens the risk of damage to surrounding soft tissues and important structures such as nerves, vessels, and mucosa. It also reduces damage to osteocytes and permits good survival of bony cells during harvesting of bone. Grafting with intraoral bone blocks is a good way to reconstruct severe horizontal and vertical bone resorption in future implants sites. The piezosurgery system creates an effective osteotomy with minimal or no trauma to soft tissue in contrast to conventional surgical burs or saws and minimizes a patient′s psychological stress and fear during osteotomy under local anesthesia. The purpose of this article is to describe the harvesting of intraoral bone blocks using the piezoelectric surgery device.

  17. Effect of osteotomies during rhinoplasty on intraocular pressure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amr N. Rabie

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To investigate whether rhinoplasty with osteotomies for the treatment of deformed nose induces changes in intraocular pressure (IOP. Design: Prospective, nonrandomized study. Setting: University-affiliated medical center. Patients: Thirty patients who underwent rhinoplasty with osteotomies for the nose were prospectively enrolled in this study. Fifteen patients had lateral osteotomies with the external perforating technique, and fifteen with an internal continuous technique with periosteal elevation. We excluded patients with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, glaucoma, previous ocular trauma, history of ocular surgery, and previous use of topical corticosteroid eye drops. Main outcome measures: The intraocular pressure (IOP in each patient was measured by Goldmann tonometry preoperatively and postoperatively on days 1, 2, and 7. Results: 23 women and 7 men with a mean age of 27 years were enrolled in the study. The mean ± SD IOP of the eye was 15.69 ± 2.37 mmHg preoperatively. Postoperatively, the mean ± SD IOPs were 15.96 ± 1.92 mmHg on day 1, 15.45 ± 2.55 mmHg on day 2, and 15.72 ± 2.86 mmHg on day 7 (P = .863. Conclusions: Although osteotomes during rhinoplasty caused variations in the IOP compartment, the changes in IOP were not statistically significant. Therefore, rhinoplasty should be a safe surgical procedure with respect to ocular physiological function, however monitoring IOP peri-operatively is advised. To our best knowledge, this is the first clinical trial to determine the effect of rhinoplasty with osteotomy on intraocular pressure.

  18. Successful Return to Sport Following Distal Femoral Varus Osteotomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voleti, Pramod Babu; Degen, Ryan; Tetreault, Danielle; Krych, Aaron John; Williams, Riley J.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: Distal femoral varus osteotomy is an effective treatment for unloading valgus knee malalignment; however, there is limited evidence on the ability for patients to return to athletics following this procedure. The purpose of this study is to report the functional outcomes and return to sport for athletic patients that underwent distal femoral varus osteotomy. Methods: A consecutive series of athletic patients that had undergone distal femoral varus osteotomy for symptomatic lateral compartment overload and valgus knee malalignment were prospectively reviewed. All patients had a minimum of 2-year follow-up. Radiographs were assessed to determine pre-operative and post-operative alignment. Details regarding sport of interest, ability to return to sport, and timing of return were obtained from the patients. Prospective institutional registries were utilized to collect pre-operative and post-operative Marx Activity Scale and International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Evaluation Form (IKDC) scores; these values were compared using paired t-tests with p allografts, 2 partial lateral meniscectomies, 1 lateral meniscus allograft transplantation, and 1 revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. All patients were able to successfully return to their sport of choice (4 soccer, 2 softball, 2 running, 1 football, 1 basketball, 1 ice hockey, 1 volleyball, 1 rowing) at a mean of 11 months (range: 9-13). Furthermore, all 13 patients demonstrated an improvement in both Marx Activity Scale and IKDC scores after surgery. The mean improvement in Marx Activity Scale was 7 (mean pre-op: 4, mean post-op: 11, p ligamentous pathology is addressed. Therefore, distal femoral varus osteotomy should be considered in the athletic population for correction of symptomatic valgus knee malalignment.

  19. Surgical Outcome of Acetabular Fracture Using Trochanteric Flip Osteotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Espandar R

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: One of the difficulties in acetabulum surgery is appropriate exposure of the site of surgery. Trochanteric flip osteotomy is one of the surgical methods for superoposterior and posterior acetabulum exposure. However, due to possible complications some surgeons prefer to avoid this procedure. This study was undertaken to determine the outcome of surgical treatment of acetabular fracture using trochanteric flip osteotomy. Methods : In this prospective cohort study, 14 patients with acetabular fracture who had been admitted in Imam Khomeini Hospital in Tehran, Iran, during 2003-2006 underwent trochanteric flip osteotomy. The patients were followed for at least one year post-surgically. Demographics, radiologic findings, intensity of pain using visual analogue scale (VAS, Harris hip score (HHS, force of hip abductors and complications were noted. Data analysis was performed using SPSS ver. 13.Results : The mean HHS was 82.5 (55-95. Heterotopic ossification was observed in three patients. There were no cases of postoperative infection or nonunion. Only two patients showed displacement of osteotomized fragments. Reduction was anatomic in 10 patients. In one patient, the force of hip abductors was three-fifth. The mean hip pain was 3.4 based on VAS. There were no cases of femoral head osteonecrosis. With respect to HHS, the final hip status was excellent and good in four and six patients, respectively. Three patients had fair and only one patient had poor condition.Conclusion: It seems that trochanteric flip osteotomy has much fewer complications in comparison to other methods justifying its use in such cases.

  20. Bone changes after bilateral sagittal split osteotomy for mandibular prognathism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Hyun Jung; Jung, Yun Hoa; Cho, Bong Hae [Pusan National Univ. Collefe of Dentistry, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-12-15

    The purpose of this research was to study bone changes after bilateral sagittal split osteotomy through fractal analysis and measurement of mandibular cortical thickness. This study included twenty-two prognathic patients who underwent bilateral sagittal split osteotomy. Panoramic radiographs of these patients were taken immediately before operation and at 1 month, 6 months, and 12 months postoperatively. The fractal dimension was measured by the box-counting method in the region of interest centered on both the basal and interdental bones between the first and second mandibular molars. Measurements of mandibular cortical thickness were taken both in the area between the first and second mandibular molars and at the osteotomy site. Changes of fractal dimension and cortical thickness over four stages were statistically analyzed. The fractal dimension of the mandibular basal bone before surgery and after 1 month, 6 months and 12 months were 1.4099{+-}0.0657, 1.382{+-}0.0595, 1.2995{+-}0.0949, and 1.4166{+-}0.0676. respectively (Repeated-measures ANOVA, P<0.001). However, no statistically significant differences were noted in interdental fractal dimensions among the four stages. Mandibular cortical thickness between the first and second mandibular molars before operation and after 1 month, 6 months and 12 months was 3.74{+-}0.48 mm. 3.63{+-}0.47 mm. 3.41{+-}0.61 mm and 3.55{+-}0.66 mm (P<0.01), respectively. Mandibular cortical thickness at the osteotomy site at each of the four stages was 3.22{+-}0.44 mm, 2.87{+-}0.59 mm, 2.37{+-}0.61 mm and 2.64{+-}0.62 mm, respectively (P<0.001). This study suggests that the mandibular tissue continued decreasing for 6 months postoperatively and then increased over the subsequent 6 months.

  1. Factors That Predict Blood Loss After Bernese Periacetabular Osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novais, Eduardo N; Carry, Patrick M; Kestel, Lauryn A; Koerner, Jason; Tan, Gee Mei

    2016-11-01

    Although strategies to reduce bleeding and avoid allogeneic transfusion have been described, there is controversy about the factors associated with blood loss after Bernese periacetabular osteotomy. This study was conducted to determine risk factors for postoperative blood loss. After institutional review board approval was obtained, a retrospective review was conducted of 41 young patients who underwent periacetabular osteotomy for symptomatic acetabular dysplasia over a 3-year period. Of these patients, two-thirds donated blood before surgery. A Cell Saver Elite autotransfusion system (Haemonetics, Braintree, Massachusetts) was used intraoperatively in all cases. Hemoglobin and hematocrit were obtained before surgery and during the hospital stay. The primary outcome variable was the percentage of total blood volume lost during surgery. Univariate analysis was performed to test the association between potential predictors of blood volume loss. Candidate variables that were significant at alpha=0.15 were tested with multivariate analysis. The average percentage of blood volume lost during surgery was 30.3% (95% confidence interval, 25.1%-35.5%). Univariate analysis showed that operative time, arthrotomy, femoral head-neck osteochondroplasty, labral procedure, male sex, and age were prognostic factors associated with increased blood volume loss. However, operative time (average, 294.6 minutes; range, 204-444 minutes) was the only independent predictor of increased blood loss in the final model. Additional procedures, such as femoral head-neck osteochondroplasty and labral repair or debridement performed through an anterior hip arthrotomy at the time of periacetabular osteotomy, were associated with increased operative time. The findings suggest that all patients undergoing periacetabular osteotomy, including those having concomitant procedures, may benefit from pre- and intraoperative strategies to conserve blood and avoid allogeneic transfusion. [Orthopedics. 2016

  2. Risk factors affecting somatosensory function after sagittal split osteotomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thygesen, Torben Henrik; Jensen, Allan Bardow; Helleberg, M;

    2008-01-01

    Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate potential individual and intraoperative risk factors associated with bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) and to correlate the findings with postoperative changes in somatosensory function. Patients and Methods A total of 18 men and 29 women (mean...... and free dissection of the inferior alveolar nerve during BSSO increased self-reported changes in lower lip sensation and lower lip tactile threshold after BSSO (P discrimination (P

  3. 足中跗骨联合截骨治疗儿童蚕豆足畸形%Combined midfoot osteotomy for the "Bean-Shaped" foot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅海波; 赫荣国; 唐进; 刘昆; 伍江雁; 易银芝

    2009-01-01

    目的 介绍足中跗骨联合截骨(外侧骰骨闭合性楔形截骨和内侧楔状骨开放性楔形截骨)治疗儿童复发性马蹄内翻足之蚕豆足畸形的手术方法,并初步评价其临床疗效.方法 自2004年至今,采用该方法治疗儿童复发性马蹄内翻足之蚕豆足畸形共24例28足,具体操作方法:足中跗骨联合截骨分别在足内、外侧作两个手术切口,Ⅰ期进行骰骨的闭合性楔形截骨(基底位于背外侧)与内侧楔状骨冠状面开放性楔形截骨(截骨点位于其中点).在骰骨截除楔形骨块后,将该楔形骨块嵌入内侧楔状骨截骨间隙内,产生前足外展、中足内旋和骰骨截骨间隙闭合的作用,并使用自制门形钉固定两处截骨.并对随访两年以上的14例16足从临床外观和放射学的角度测量评价该手术的临床疗效.结果 随访超过2年者总计为14例16足,其临床外观和放射学改变均有明显改善,跟骨-第四跖骨角从术前平均-32°改善到术后平均-16°,距骨-第一跖骨角从术前平均-18°改善到术后平均-4°,但有1足发生内侧楔状骨移植骨块移位,导致矫形丢失.结论 足中跗骨联合截骨是治疗儿童复发性马蹄内翻足(或称之为先天性马蹄内翻足治疗后的遗留畸形)之"蚕豆足"畸形的有效方法,其操作简单、安全,疗效肯定,且不需要更多的软组织松解,适用于4岁以上或内侧楔状骨已经良好骨化的患儿.%Objective To describe a new procedure of combined midfoot osteotomy for the "Bean-Shaped" foot in children. Methods The combined midfoot osteotomy included a closing wedge osteotomy of the cuboid and an opening wedge of the medial cuneiform. Through a lateral longitudinal incision over the cuboid, a bony wedge based dorsolaterally was removed from the cuboid and inserted through a medial incision into an osteotomy of the medial cuneiform with its base medially, and then the incisions were closed with two or three small

  4. Mean 20-year followup of Bernese periacetabular osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steppacher, Simon D; Tannast, Moritz; Ganz, Reinhold; Siebenrock, Klaus A

    2008-07-01

    The goal of the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy is to correct the deficient acetabular coverage in hips with developmental dysplasia to prevent secondary osteoarthrosis. We determined the 20-year survivorship of symptomatic patients treated with this procedure, determined the clinical and radiographic outcomes of the surviving hips, and identified factors predicting poor outcome. We retrospectively evaluated the first 63 patients (75 hips) who underwent periacetabular osteotomy at the institution where this technique was developed. The mean age of the patients at surgery was 29 years (range, 13-56 years), and preoperatively 24% presented with advanced grades of osteoarthritis. Four patients (five hips) were lost to followup and one patient (two hips) died. The remaining 58 patients (68 hips) were followed for a minimum of 19 years (mean, 20.4 years; range, 19-23 years) and 41 hips (60%) were preserved at last followup. The overall mean Merle d'Aubigné and Postel score decreased in comparison to the 10-year value and was similar to the preoperative score. We observed no major changes in any of the radiographic parameters during the 20-year postoperative period except the osteoarthritis score. We identified six factors predicting poor outcome: age at surgery, preoperative Merle d'Aubigné and Postel score, positive anterior impingement test, limp, osteoarthrosis grade, and the postoperative extrusion index. Periacetabular osteotomy is an effective technique for treating symptomatic developmental dysplasia of the hip and can maintain the natural hip at least 19 years in selected patients. Level III, prognostic study.

  5. Comparison of three approaches of Bernese periacetabular osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Dianzhong; Zhang, Hong; Zhang, Weijia

    2016-01-01

    Developmental dysplasia of the hip is a common disease and treated with various surgical approaches. Improved ilioinguinal (I-I) approach, two-incision Smith-Peterson (TSP) approach, and modified Smith-Peterson (MSP) approach are three main approaches; however, they are rarely compared. The present study compared the operative time, blood loss, intraoperative and postoperative allogeneic blood transfusion, and postoperative complications of these three different approaches. Surgical approach does not influence the operation time, blood loss, and complications of periacetabular osteotomy. Level III. Case-control study. In a total of 101 hips of 95 cases, from February 2010 to July 2011, three different approaches of Bernese periacetabular osteotomy, I-I, TSP, and MSP, were conducted. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, allogeneic blood transfusion, and early complications in different operation approaches were compared by a retrospective study when there were similar ages, genders, and lesions. Among the three approaches, I-I had less operation time and more blood loss (P<0.05), TSP had less blood loss (P<0.05) but more complications, and MSP had less blood loss (P<0.05) and less complications. The MSP approach is superior to the other two approaches in doing periacetabular osteotomy.

  6. [Recovery of maxillary tooth sensibility after Le Fort I osteotomy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnot, P; Salles, F; Cheynet, F; Blanc, J L; Ricbourg, B; Meyer, C

    2014-11-01

    Upper alveolar nerves, when injured during Le Fort I osteotomies, alter maxillary tooth sensitivity. We had for aim to analyze post-operative maxillary tooth sensitivity recovery. We conducted a prospective study in a series of patients having undergone Le Fort I osteotomy, with, or without mandibular osteotomy or intermaxillary disjunction (IMD). The direction and range of displacement of the maxillary bone were recorded. One tooth in each alveolar sector (incisivocanine, premolar, molar) was tested with an electric stimulator for each patient. The tests were performed before (D-1), and after surgery (D2 or day+2, D+15, M2 (or month +2), M3, and M6). Twenty-two patients were included. Among the tested teeth, 91.9 % were sensitive at D-1. At D2, only 12.7 % of teeth were sensitive. At D15, M2, M3, and M6, the sensitivity was respectively 33.3 %, 43.1 %, 50 %, and 61.8 %. The recovery of sensitivity was faster in young patients (under 35 years of age) and for upper middle and superior alveolar nerves. There was no difference regarding the direction of maxillary movement. Among the teeth that were sensitive before surgery, 87.3 % had not regained sensitivity at D2. The recovery of sensitivity increased at D15. A great displacement of the maxillary bone was an aggravating factor for loss of tooth sensitivity. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  7. Varus distal femoral osteotomy in young adults with valgus knee

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    Mazlumi Mahdi

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Musculoskeletal disorders specially knee osteoarthritis are the most common causes of morbidity in old patients. Disturbance of the mechanical axis of the lower extremity is one of the most important causes in progression of knee osteoarthritis. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the surgical results of distal femoral varus osteotomy in patients with genu valgum. Methods In this study, after recording history and physical examination, appropriate radiographs were taken. We did varus distal femoral osteotomy by standard medial subvastus approach and 90-angle blade plate fixation then followed the patients clinically and radiographically. Results This study was done on 23 knees (16 patients age 23.3 years (range, 17 to 41 years. The mean duration of following up was 16.3 months (range, 8 to 25 months. Based on paired T test, there were statistically significant difference between pre- and postoperative tibiofemoral and congruence angles (p Conclusion Distal femoral varus osteotomy with blade plate fixation can be a reliable procedure for the treatment of valgus knee deformity. In this procedure, with more tibiofemoral angle correction, more congruence angle correction can be achieved. Therefore, along with genu valgum correction, the patella should be stabilized simultaneously.

  8. The influence of foot geometry on the calcaneal osteotomy angle based on two-dimensional static force analyses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reilingh, M.L.; Tuijthof, G.J.M.; Van Dijk, C.N.; Blankevoort, L.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Malalignment of the hindfoot can be corrected with a calcaneal osteotomy (CO). A well-selected osteotomy angle in the sagittal plane will reduce the shear force in the osteotomy plane while walking. The purpose was to determine the presence of a relationship between the foot geometry and

  9. Effect of the high femoral osteotomy upon the vascularity and blood supply of the hip joint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Day, B.; Shim, S.S.; Leung, G.

    1984-05-01

    This investigation was done to study the effects of high femoral osteotomy upon the vascularity and blood supply of the hip and to further our knowledge of its physiologic basis. We have used established methods of study, including bone scans, microangiography, isotope clearance and perosseous venography, and based upon the results of these studies, we have reached certain conclusions. First, high femoral osteotomy increases the blood flow and vascularity in the hip joint, the femoral head and neck and the great trochanter. Second, bone scanning techniques using /sup 99m/Tc labeled diphosphonate have shown increased uptake in the femoral head and neck after high femoral osteotomy. The localization was done using a Digital Gamma III computer, and the activity on the osteotomy side at two weeks was 3.5 times as great as on the control side. By 16 weeks postoperatively, there was still two times as much activity on the osteotomy side. Third, microangiography showed increased vascularity both at the osteotomy site and in the femoral head and neck and the greater trochanter on that side. Such an increase in vascularity first became evident two weeks after osteotomy and persisted during the four month period studied. Fourth, the results of the /sup 99m/Tc diphosphonate clearance study showed a 25 per cent increase in femoral head blood flow on the operative side. Fifth, perosseous venography of the femoral head and neck showed a marked increase in venous drainage through the osteotomy site in the immediate postosteotomy stage.

  10. Reducing the risk of nerve injury during Bernese periacetabular osteotomy: a cadaveric study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalhor, M; Gharehdaghi, J; Schoeniger, R; Ganz, R

    2015-05-01

    The modified Smith-Petersen and Kocher-Langenbeck approaches were used to expose the lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh and the femoral, obturator and sciatic nerves in order to study the risk of injury to these structures during the dissection, osteotomy, and acetabular reorientation stages of a Bernese peri-acetabular osteotomy. Injury of the lateral cutaneous nerve of thigh was less likely to occur if an osteotomy of the anterior superior iliac spine had been carried out before exposing the hip. The obturator nerve was likely to be injured during unprotected osteotomy of the pubis if the far cortex was penetrated by > 5 mm. This could be avoided by inclining the osteotome 45° medially and performing the osteotomy at least 2 cm medial to the iliopectineal eminence. The sciatic nerve could be injured during the first and last stages of the osteotomy if the osteotome perforated the lateral cortex of ischium and the ilio-ischial junction by > 10 mm. The femoral nerve could be stretched or entrapped during osteotomy of the pubis if there was significant rotational or linear displacement of the acetabulum. Anterior or medial displacement of Bernese peri-acetabular osteotomy. ©2015 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

  11. The Bernese peri-acetabular osteotomy through a modified approach. A technical note.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whittingham-Jones, Paul; Kirit Patel, Nirav; Hashemi-Nejad, Aresh

    2013-03-01

    A modification of the technique for performing the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy is described. A medial approach to the Ischium and a subtle re-orientation of the pubic osteotomy are detailed. Surgical morbidity is likely decreased with a concurrent cosmetic advantage without compromise to surgical correction or patient safety.

  12. Trochanteric osteotomies in revision total hip arthroplasty: contemporary techniques and results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jando, Victor T; Greidanus, Nelson V; Masri, Bassam A; Garbuz, Donald S; Duncan, Clive P

    2005-01-01

    Revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) presents several challenges to the orthopaedic surgeon and typically requires the use of a more extensile surgical approach. Osteotomy of the greater trochanter can be considered as the ultimate extensile exposure in revision THA. The methods of trochanteric osteotomy can be categorized into three types: the standard trochanteric osteotomy, the trochanteric slide, and the extended trochanteric osteotomy. Although the standard osteotomy and trochanteric slide osteotomy provide excellent acetabular exposure, in the revision setting they are frequently associated with an unacceptably high rate of nonunion and proximal migration of the trochanteric fragment. The extended trochanteric osteotomy (ETO) has increased in popularity as the number and complexity of revision THAs continue to increase. Two commonly used techniques are the ETO via a posterolateral approach or via a modified direct lateral approach. Both techniques provide wide exposure of the acetabulum, facilitate femoral component exposure and removal, aid in canal preparation and femoral reconstruction, and allow for correction of proximal femoral deformity. The osteotomy fragment is easily secured and may be advanced distally to achieve proper tensioning of the abductors. Recent literature demonstrates that the ETO has a relatively low rate of nonunion and is associated with fewer intraoperative femoral fractures or cortical perforations, as well as decreased surgical time.

  13. Asymmetric osteotomy of the spine for coronal imbalance: a technical report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thambiraj, Sathya; Boszczyk, Bronek M

    2012-05-01

    Technical report on the surgical technique of asymmetric osteotomy of the spine for coronal imbalance. To describe a successful method of performing asymmetrical pedicle subtraction osteotomy (APSO) through a posterior only approach. Rigid coronal deformity of the spine can be sharply angulated and can create significant coronal imbalance. Surgical correction is the only definitive treatment of restoring the balance as bracing is unhelpful. Corrective surgery can be anterior or posterior. The literature on the methods of surgical correction of rigid coronal deformities of the spine is limited. Unlike osteotomies for sagittal imbalance, blunt dissection of the anterior cortex is necessary in asymmetrical osteotomy to allow resection of the anterior cortex for closure of the wedge. We describe a method by which we performed this in the thoracic and lumbar spine with case examples. After insertion of pedicle screws, laminectomy and unilateral facetectomy of the proposed level of osteotomy is performed. Next, dissection lateral to the pedicle and vertebral body is performed bluntly with mastoids to reach the front of the anterior cortex and confirmed with fluoroscopy. An oblique osteotomy including the lateral and posterior cortex is performed above and below the pedicle under imaging. The osteotomy site is closed through unilateral compression. Satisfactory correction of coronal deformity can be achieved with APSO from an isolated posterior approach. In contrast to sagittal osteotomies, blunt dissection along the anterior cortex is necessary to allow safe resection of anterior cortical bone for closure of the wedge.

  14. PELVIC OSTEOTOMY IN THE COMPLEX TREATMENT OF CHILDREN WITH LEGG-CALVE-PERTHES DISEASE

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    Дмитрий Борисович Барсуков

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available At the Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics n. a. G. I. Turner we analyzed survey data of 120 patients aged from 6 to 14 years old with Legg-Calve-Perthes disease with severe epiphysis deformation, in order to improve the outcomes. All patients underwent reconstructive (remodeling surgery - a corrective hip osteotomy, a pelvic osteotomy by Salter, a combination of these techniques and a triple pelvic osteotomy. Postoperative follow-up period averaged 10 years. It is shown that pelvic osteotomy is an operation of choice for Legg-Calve- Perthes disease along with corrective hip osteotomy, and remodeling of the femoral head is only possible when the degree of bone coverage is equal to one or more. We highlighted radioanatomical structure of the affected hip joint, allowing to precise indications for surgical remodeling type of femoral head.

  15. Trochanteric osteotomy versus posterolateral approach: function the first year post surgery. A pilot study

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    van Biezen Frans C

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although no prospective studies have compared functional results of trochanteric osteotomy and a non-trochanteric approach, most surgeons feel that trochanteric osteotomy is outdated in simple hip arthroplasty. Reasons not to perform an osteotomy include the fear of longer rehabilitation and worse (final functional outcome. Method This prospective study examines differences in rehabilitation between posterolateral and trochanteric approach one year post-surgery using questionnaires (WOMAC, SF-36, HHS and functional tests (walking, climbing stairs, rising from sitting, and strength tests. Of the 109 patients 24 had a trochanteric osteotomy: the selected approach was based on the surgeon's preference. The trochanteric osteotomy group included more patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip. Before the start of the study no power analysis was performed. Results Data from the questionnaires showed no significant differences between the two groups at 3, 6 and 12-months follow-up. At 3-months follow-up patients in the trochanteric osteotomy group scored lower on the functional tests. This difference had disappeared at 6 and 12-months follow-up, except for abduction force which remained lower in the trochanteric osteotomy group in patients with a non union of the TO. Conclusion For simple hip arthroplasty an approach without osteotomy seems a logical choice. Although the power of this study is low, in experienced hands trochanteric osteotomy seems to give good functional results at 6-12 months post surgery if trochanteric union is obtained. Therefore, one should not hesitate to perform an osteotomy in difficult cases.

  16. The use of sternal wedge osteotomy in pectus surgery: when is it necessary?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kara, Murat; Gundogdu, Ahmet Gokhan; Kadioglu, Salih Zeki; Cayirci, Ertug Can; Taskin, Necati

    2016-09-01

    The Ravitch procedure is a well-established surgical procedure for correction of chest wall deformities. Sternal wedge osteotomy is an important part of this procedure. We studied the incidence of wedge osteotomy with respect to the type of chest wall deformity in patients undergoing surgical correction with the use of a recently developed chest wall stabilization system. A total of 47 patients, 39 (83%) male and 8 (17%) female with a mean age of 14.9 ± 2.1 years, underwent the Ravitch procedure. Twenty-four (51.1%) had pectus carinatum, 19 (40.4%) had pectus excavatum, and 4 (8.5%) had pectus arcuatum. A conventional or oblique sternal wedge osteotomy was performed as indicated, followed by chest wall stabilization using the MedXpert system. Of the 47 patients, 27 (57.4%) had a sternal wedge osteotomy. All cases of pectus arcuatum and redo cases underwent sternal wedge osteotomy. Pectus excavatum cases tended to have a greater incidence of wedge osteotomy compared to pectus carinatum cases (68.4% vs. 41.7%, p = 0.052). Patients with more resected ribs had a greater rate of wedge osteotomy (63.4%) compared to those with fewer resected ribs (16.7%, p = 0.043). A sternal wedge osteotomy is more commonly performed in patients with pectus excavatum compared to those with pectus carinatum. All redo and pectus arcuatum cases need a wedge osteotomy for proper correction. Wedge osteotomy is very likely in more aggressive corrections with more rib resections. © The Author(s) 2016.

  17. Moberg Osteotomy Shifts Contact Pressure Plantarly in the First Metatarsophalangeal Joint in a Biomechanical Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Paul Hyon-Uk; Chen, Xiang; Hillstrom, Howard; Ellis, Scott J; Baxter, Josh R; Deland, Jonathan T

    2016-01-01

    A proximal phalangeal dorsiflexion osteotomy (Moberg osteotomy) is commonly used to treat hallux rigidus, but the mechanical explanation for its effectiveness is unclear. The purpose of our study was to test the effect of a Moberg osteotomy on first metatarsophalangeal joint contact mechanics. Ten cadaveric first ray specimens were dissected, with the medial band of the plantar aponeurosis preserved at its origin, and placed in a custom testing apparatus. Forefoot loads during mid-stance with the first metatarsal positioned at 10 degrees were simulated using a custom-made loading jig while contact mechanics were acquired with a thin pressure-sensitive sensor. A Moberg osteotomy was performed starting 9 mm distal to the proximal phalanx with excision of a 3-mm wedge of bone and fixated with a 2-mm Kirschner wire. The effect of the Moberg osteotomy was tested by reapplying the forefoot loads and acquiring the joint pressures. The center of pressure, peak pressure, and contact area were calculated. Paired t tests were performed to determine if the Moberg osteotomy affected joint contact mechanics. The Moberg osteotomy shifted the center of contact pressure on the proximal phalanx surface more plantarly (P osteotomy did not affect the peak pressure (P = .62) or the joint contact area (P = .96). There were no differences in peak pressure or first MTPJ contact area, but a plantar shift in the center of pressure occurred after the Moberg osteotomy. The plantar cartilage, which is often spared from arthritic changes, may be preferentially loaded and the potential edge loading following cheilectomy may be avoided with the Moberg osteotomy secondary to the plantar shift of center of pressure. © The Author(s) 2015.

  18. Experimental fixation of femoral osteotomies by cerclage with nylon straps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhinelander, F W; Stewart, C L

    1983-10-01

    Following the successful experience of Partridge in the fixation of human femoral fractures by nylon-strap cerclage, this research in 23 mature dogs was performed to compare nylon-strap with wire-loop cerclage for healing periods of up to 12 weeks. Supplemented by intramedullary fixation with Steinmann pins, long oblique femoral osteotomies were fixed in one femur of each dog by nylon straps and in the other femur by wire loops, at separate operations. The nylon straps were all secured at the same tension by a special "gun." The wire loops were all secured at the same tension by the Rhinelander tightener-twister. Half of the nylon straps had "bumps" along the inner surface, which were added by Partridge in an effort to circumvent the microvascular disturbance reported with Parham bands. On examination by microangiography and correlated histology, all of the osteotomies, regardless of the type of fixation, showed good progress toward osseous union. After fixation by wire cerclage no loss of position or disturbance of blood supply was noted. After fixation by nylon straps slight (clinically insignificant) longitudinal displacement, attributed to slight lengthening of the straps, with consequent loosening was noted in all cases. This loosening was considered advantageous because it appeared to be responsible for the unexpected lack of impairment of the vascularization of the underlying cortical bone by any of the straps. The bumps on the undersurface of some of the straps were, thus, of no vascular advantage, and their presence made accurate fixation of the ostectomy fragments more difficult on the small bones. These studies support the value of fixation by plain nylon straps and show their advantage over straps with bumps for fixation of long oblique single osteotomies of bones the size of the canine femur.

  19. Guidelines for reconstructing the metatarsal parabola with the shortening osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valley, B A; Reese, H W

    1991-08-01

    Lesser metatarsal pathology is difficult to treat surgically. The shortening osteotomy has shown promise as a useful technique. The following objectives are addressed in this study: 1) to discuss present techniques and two new radiographic measurement systems; 2) to establish mean, standard deviation, and normal range values for these measurement systems; 3) to determine if these measurements vary with foot size; and 4) to use the results to establish general guidelines for metatarsal parabola reconstruction. Means and normal ranges for the various radiographic measurements are identified to help the surgeon with preoperative evaluation and planning. The measurements vary mildly with foot size.

  20. Functional outcome in adult patients following Bernese periacetabular osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badra, Mohammad I; Anand, Ashish; Straight, Joseph J; Sala, Debra A; Ruchelsman, David E; Feldman, David S

    2008-01-01

    This study evaluated functional outcome following Bernese periacetabular osteotomy. In 24 patients with mean follow-up of 3.5 years, mean dysfunction score was 15.23 on the Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment. Eighteen patients (75%) scored = or <20, indicating a high functional level. Irrespective of preoperative Shenton line continuity, most patients demonstrated a high functional level. However, a trend toward a poorer outcome was observed in patients with preoperative noncongruent joints and Tonnis osteoarthritis grade 3. These results suggest patients with less than optimal presentation may still benefit from this surgery, delaying or eliminating the need for total hip arthroplasty.

  1. Approaches and perioperative management in periacetabular osteotomy surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søballe, Kjeld; Troelsen, Anders

    2012-01-01

    In the early days of periacetabular osteotomy (PAO), surgical approaches were characterized by extensive soft-tissue dissection. The Smith-Petersen approach (and iliofemoral modifications) and the ilioinguinal approach have traditionally been used for PAO. The optimal surgical approach for PAO.......9 to 8.1 years) of 209 PAOs performed using this approach have shown Kaplan-Meier survivorship rates of 94.7% at 5 years and 88.6% at 8.1 years, with conversion to total hip arthroplasty as the end point. Perioperative management includes a patient education program, optimized pain treatment strategies...

  2. Comparison of Surgical Parameters and Results between Curved Varus Osteotomy and Rotational Osteotomy for Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Young-Kyun; Park, Chan Ho; Ha, Yong-Chan; Kim, Do-Yeon; Lyu, Sung-Hwa; Koo, Kyung-Hoi

    2017-06-01

    Various osteotomies have been introduced to treat osteonecrosis of the femoral head. The purpose of this study was to compare surgical parameters, postoperative limb length discrepancy, and minimum 5-year clinical and radiological results between transtrochanteric curved varus osteotomy (TCVO) and transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy (TRO) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head. From 2004 to 2009, 103 consecutive TROs (97 patients) followed by 72 consecutive TCVOs (64 patients) were performed for the treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Of these, 85 patients (91 hips) in the TRO group and 58 patients (65 hips) in the TCVO group completed minimum 5-year clinical and radiological follow-up. The Kaplan-Meier product-limit method was used to estimate survival. The TCVO group had shorter operation time (p TRO group and 7 hips (10.8%) in the TCVO group (p = 0.007). Osteophyte formation was observed in 34 hips (37.4%) in the TRO group and 13 hips (20%) in the TCVO group (p = 0.020). Fifteen hips (16.5%) in the TRO group and 7 hips (10.8%) in the TCVO group underwent conversion total hip arthroplasty (THA). The survival rate at 9 years with radiographic collapse as the endpoint was 68.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 58.1% to 79.3%) in the TRO group, and 84.7% (95% CI, 71.5% to 97.9%) in the TCVO group. With conversion to THA as the endpoint, the survival rate was 82.2% (95% CI, 73.1% to 91.3%) in the TRO group and 89.2% (95% CI, 81.7% to 96.7%) in the TCVO group. The comparison indicates that TCVO was better than TRO in terms of surgical parameters including operation time and estimated blood loss while the 9-year survival rates were similar.

  3. Desenvolvimento de um novo implante para osteotomia alta da tíbia: comparação "in vitro" com o método de Brunner & Weber de fixação Development of a new implant for high tibial osteotomy: comparison "in vitro" with the Brunner & Weber fixation method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantino Jorge Calapodopulos

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Os autores desenvolveram um novo implante para osteotomia proximal de tíbia como alternativa para tratamento da osteoartrose do joelho com deformidade em varo . O objetivo do trabalho foi desenvolver uma placa para fixação simples, de fácil manejo, e menor custo, propiciando baixa morbidade em relação aos métodos existentes, e compará-la com o método idealizado por BRUNNER e WEBER (1982² que utilizaram a placa semitubular. Os testes mecânicos foram realizados em máquina universal de ensaios do Laboratório de Bioengenharia da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Campus Universitário, Universidade de São Paulo. Nos parâmetros analisados como limite de proporcionalidade, módulo de elasticidade observaram-se valores diferentes entre as duas placas mostrando que o novo implante apresentou resistência e estabilidade superior à placa semitubular quando submetidos a testes de flexão.The author compares this new plate with other type of fixation described by Weber that employed a semitubular plate based on tension band principle. The mecanical tests were perfomed in a universal test machine of the "Laboratório de Bioengenharia da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Campus Universitário, Universidade de São Paulo". A three-point-flexion test established was employed dislocation.The weak point in the semitubular plate model ocurred mainly where it was bent at is external hole, displaying hole enlargement at loads of less than 30 N.m. The author choosed the 3-points flexion test, which provides a qualitative indication of the material resistivity. The conclusion was that the new implant showed stability and resistance superior to the semitubular plate when submitted to flexion tests.

  4. Arthroscopic evaluation of persistent pain following supramalleolar osteotomy for varus ankle osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Yong Sang; Youn, Hyun Kook; Kim, Bom Soo; Choi, Yun Jin; Koh, Yong Gon

    2016-06-01

    The purposes of this study were to investigate pain experienced by patients after supramalleolar osteotomy for varus ankle osteoarthritis and to analyse correlations between this pain and arthroscopic findings. Twenty-nine patients (31 ankles) who underwent arthroscopic evaluation after supramalleolar osteotomy were reviewed retrospectively. The visual analog scale (VAS) was used to assess pain, and the patients were instructed to record the time point, location, and character of the pain. The tibial-ankle surface angle, talar tilt, and tibial-lateral surface angle were measured on radiographs. The location, time point, and character of the pain experienced by the patients changed after supramalleolar osteotomy. The mean VAS score was significantly improved after supramalleolar osteotomy at the time of the arthroscopic evaluation (P osteotomy was found to be associated with adhesions, synovitis, and soft-tissue impingement in medial and lateral gutters of the ankle. Arthroscopy can be helpful in identifying and treating painful lesions commonly seen after supramalleolar osteotomy. An understanding of these painful lesions will help patients have more realistic expectations regarding the supramalleolar osteotomy. Case series study, Level IV.

  5. Outcome of peri-acetabular osteotomy for hip dysplasia in teenagers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakamoto, Tetsuya; Naito, Masatoshi; Nakamura, Yoshinari

    2015-11-01

    Peri-acetabular osteotomy, especially curved peri-acetabular osteotomy, is an effective surgical procedure for re-orientating the acetabulum. However, there have been few reports on this procedure in teenagers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the treatment outcomes of curved peri-acetabular osteotomy in teenagers. We retrospectively reviewed 33 hips in 27 teenage patients with acetabular dysplasia who underwent curved peri-acetabular osteotomy between 1995 and 2012. The mean age was 17.0 years (range, 14-19 years). The mean follow-up duration at the most recent physical examination was 33.3 months (range, 24-96 months). All hips were evaluated in terms of the Harris hip score, radiographic measurements, and complications. The mean Harris hip score improved from 80.1 points pre-operatively to 95.4 points post-operatively (p osteotomy (four hips), superficial stitch abscess (two hips), and transient lateral femoral cutaneous nerve palsy (three hips). Satisfactory results can be obtained clinically and radiographically after curved peri-acetabular osteotomy in adolescents. Osteotomy for acetabular dysplasia is effective in teenagers.

  6. Radiographic Correction Following Reconstruction of Adult Acquired Flat Foot Deformity Using the Cotton Medial Cuneiform Osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aiyer, Amiethab; Dall, Graham F; Shub, Jeffrey; Myerson, Mark S

    2016-05-01

    The Cotton osteotomy has been used to correct residual forefoot supination in flexible flatfoot deformity reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to delineate the radiographic effects of the Cotton osteotomy by controlling for concomitant procedures used for deformity correction. We retrospectively analyzed 67 patients who underwent a Cotton osteotomy as part of a flatfoot reconstructive procedure. We evaluated 12 radiographic parameters including the articular surface angles of the foot, Meary angle, and a newly defined medial arch sag angle (MASA). Twenty-eight of these patients were matched to a cohort that did not undergo a Cotton osteotomy. In all patients who underwent a Cotton osteotomy, there were statistically significant changes in the articular surface angles and medial arch height (P osteotomy did not improve Meary angle but provided an additional 6.5 degrees correction of the MASA (P = .002). After reliability testing, the intraclass correlation coefficient was found to be substantial for the MASA compared to Meary angle. The data suggest that the MASA was a useful radiographic tool for assessing midfoot collapse in the setting of pes planovalgus. The current study demonstrated the corrective capacity of the Cotton osteotomy on the MASA; at final follow-up, there was no evidence of radiographic instability. This is suggestive that a naviculocuneiform arthrodesis may not be warranted for medial column stabilization in the setting of flatfoot reconstruction. Level III, case control study. © The Author(s) 2015.

  7. Ulnar Shortening Osteotomy After Distal Radius Fracture Malunion: Review of Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbaric, Katarina; Rujevcan, Gordan; Labas, Marko; Delimar, Domagoj; Bicanic, Goran

    2015-01-01

    Malunion of distal radius fracture is often complicated with shortening of the radius with disturbed radio- ulnar variance, frequently associated with lesions of triangular fibrocartilage complex and instability of the distal radioulnar joint. Positive ulnar variance may result in wrist pain located in ulnar part of the joint, limited ulnar deviation and forearm rotation with development of degenerative changes due to the overloading that occurs between the ulnar head and corresponding carpus. Ulnar shortening osteotomy (USO) is the standard procedure for correcting positive ulnar variance. Goal of this procedure is to minimize the symptoms by restoring the neutral radio - ulnar variance. In this paper we present a variety of surgical techniques available for ulnar shorthening osteotomy, their advantages and drawbacks. Methods of ulnar shortening osteotomies are divided into intraarticular and extraarticular. Intraarticular method of ulnar shortening can be performed arthroscopically or through open approach. Extraarticular methods include subcapital osteotomy and osteotomy of ulnar diaphysis, which depending on shape can be transverse, oblique, and step cut. All of those osteotomies can be performed along wrist arthroscopy in order to dispose and treat possibly existing triangular fibrocartilage complex injuries. At the end we described surgical procedures that can be done in case of ulnar shorthening osteotomy failure. PMID:26157524

  8. Transposition of the acetabulum after iliac ischial osteotomy in the treatment of hip dysplasia in infants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Владимир Евгеньевич Басков

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background. Transposition of the acetabulum after pelvic osteotomy is the most effective surgical method to treat dysplastic hip joint disorders in patients of different ages. According to Salter, iliac osteotomy of the pelvis is the main surgical method used to correct dysplastic acetabulum in 7- and 8-year-old children. In older patients, the pubic symphysis and pelvic ligaments become more rigid, which significantly limits the degree of rotation of the acetabulum. In these cases, a triple pelvic osteotomy is performed to enhance the mobility of the acetabular fragment. This pubic bone osteotomy is performed near the femoral neurovascular bundle, which may be damaged during the procedure.Aim. To describe a technique for transposition of the acetabulum after iliac and ischial osteotomy of the pelvis, which was developed to reduce trauma, prevent vascular complications, and increase postoperative stability of the pelvic ring.Materials and methods. A method developed by the authors for transposition of the acetabulum after iliac and sciatic pelvic osteotomy is described in detail. The surgical method was performed 99 times on 89 children with dysplastic hip joint disorders, and the results are presented.Conclusion. Transposition of the acetabulum after iliac and ischial pelvic osteotomy is an effective treatment for dysplastic instability of the acetabulum in children aged 9–16 years. The procedure is indicated when it is necessary to rotate the acetabular fragment by more than 25°, and there is no need for hip medialization.

  9. Biomechanical optimization of different fixation modes for a proximal femoral L-osteotomy

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    Chen Hsih-Hao

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Numerous proposed surgical techniques have had minimal success in managing greater trochanter overgrowth secondary to retarded growth of the femoral capital epiphysis. For reconstruction of residual hip deformities, a novel type of proximal femur L-osteotomy was performed with satisfactory results. Although the clinical outcome was good, the biomechanical characteristics of the femur after such an osteotomy have not been clearly elucidated. Therefore, this study presents a three dimensional finite element analysis designed to understand the mechanical characteristics of the femur after the L-osteotomy. Methods A patient with left hip dysplasia was recruited as the study model for L-osteotomy. The normal right hip was used as a reference for performing the corrective surgery. Four FEA models were constructed using different numbers of fixation screws but the same osteotomy lengths together with four FEA models with the same number of fixation screws but different osteotomy lengths. The von Mises stress distributions and femoral head displacements were analyzed and compared. Results The results revealed the following: 1. The fixation devices (plate and screws sustained most of the external loading, and the peak value of von Mises stress on the fixation screws decreased with an increasing number of screws. 2. Additional screws are more beneficial on the proximal segment than on the distal segment for improving the stability of the postoperative femur. 3. The extent of osteotomy should be limited because local stress might be concentrated in the femoral neck region with increasing length of the L-osteotomy. Conclusion Additional screw placement on the proximal segment improves stability in the postoperative femur. The cobra-type plate with additional screw holes in the proximal area might improve the effectiveness of L-osteotomies.

  10. Humeral head osteotomy in shoulder arthroplasty: a comparison between anterosuperior and inferoanterior resection techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suter, Thomas; Kolz, Christopher W; Tashjian, Robert Z; Henninger, Heath B; Gerber Popp, Ariane

    2017-02-01

    The best chance that a shoulder arthroplasty will restore motion and muscle balance across the glenohumeral joint is by closely replicating natural articular morphology. Defining the humeral osteotomy plane along clear landmarks at the anatomic neck is critical. We hypothesized that a new osteotomy, based on alternative landmarks on the anatomic neck, would restore 3-dimensional humeral head morphology more reliably than the traditional osteotomy. The anatomic neck was digitized in 30 human cadaver shoulders and compared with its 3-dimensional computed tomography reconstruction. Two different osteotomy techniques were virtually performed: the traditional, following the anterosuperior anatomic neck; and a new technique, defined by the inferoanterior anatomic neck. The length-width difference and orientation (retroversion, inclination) of the resection area were compared between the techniques and with native anatomy. Length-width difference of the anterosuperior resection area was higher than in the inferoanterior osteotomy (6 ± 2 mm vs. 3 ± 1 mm; P osteotomy (32° ± 12°) did not differ from native (P = .057). Inclination differed after the anterosuperior osteotomy (129° ± 5°) and the inferoanterior osteotomy (127° ± 4°) compared with the native head (134° ± 4°; P ≤ .001). The inferoanterior referenced osteotomy generated a more circular resection area, matching the native humeral head retroversion more closely than in the anterosuperior technique. This study suggests that in shoulder arthroplasty, the humeral resection level should be referenced at the inferoanterior rather than the anterosuperior anatomic neck. Further studies should investigate the biomechanical effects of this alternative resection plane. Copyright © 2017 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Refinements in osteotomy design to improve structural integrity: a finite element analysis study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bujtar, P; Simonovics, János; Váradi, Károly; Sándor, George K B; Pan, Jingzhe; Avery, C M E

    2013-09-01

    Osteotomy cuts are typically made using a saw, and the meeting point acts as a focus for the concentration of stress and failure. We have studied the impact of different designs of osteotomy cut. Cadaver sheep tibias were scanned by computed tomography (CT) and transformed into a computer-aided design (CAD) model. A standard marginal resection defect was created and then modified, and a finite element analysis made. The relative stress concentrations at the intersection of osteotomy cuts were recorded using principal stresses S1, S3, and von Mises stress, von Mises under both 4-point bending and torsion testing. The osteotomy designs studied were: right-angled and bevelled osteotomy end cuts, overcutting, and a stop drill hole. Peak stress values for 4-point bending and torsion were 24-30% greater at the right-angled osteotomy than the bevelled end cut. Overcutting dramatically increased peak stress values caused by bending and torsion by 48% and 71%, respectively. Substantially lower concentrations of stress were noted with a stop hole using both a 90° (bending 38% and torsion 56%), and a tangential (bending 58% and torsion 60%) cut. A bevelled osteotomy has substantially lower concentrations of stress than a right-angled osteotomy. It is important to avoid creating an overcut as this causes an appreciable increase in the concentration of stress, while a stop drill hole substantially reduces the stress. The creation of a stop hole and the use of judicious bevelling techniques are modifications in the design of an osteotomy that are readily applicable to surgical practice. Copyright © 2012 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Valgus osteotomy for nonunion and neglected neck of femur fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varghese, Viju Daniel; Livingston, Abel; Boopalan, P R; Jepegnanam, Thilak S

    2016-05-18

    Nonunion neck of femur can be a difficult problem to treat, particularly in the young, and is associated with high complication rates of avascular necrosis due to the precarious blood supply and poor biomechanics. The various treatment options that have been described can be broadly divided according to the aim of improving either biology or biomechanics. Surgeries aimed at improving the biology, such as vascularized fibula grafting, have good success rates but require high levels of expertise and substantial resources. A popular surgical treatment aimed at improving the biomechanics-valgus intertrochanteric osteotomy-optimizes conditions for fracture healing by converting shear forces across the fracture site into compressive forces. Numerous variations of this surgical procedure have been developed and successfully applied in clinical practice. As a result, the proximal femoral orientation for obtaining a good functional outcome has evolved over the years, and the present concept of altering the proximal femoral anatomy as little as possible has arisen. This technical objective supports attaining union as well as a good functional outcome, since excessive valgus can lead to increased joint reaction forces. This review summarizes the historical and current literature on valgus intertrochanteric osteotomy treatment of nonunion neck of femur, with a focus on factors predictive of good functional outcome and potential pitfalls to be avoided as well as controversies surrounding this procedure.

  13. Lateral epicondylar osteotomy for severe varus deformity during total knee arthroplasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong Chen; Wei Huang; Xi Liang; Ning Hu; Wei Xu; Dianming Jiang

    2015-01-01

    In most cases of arthritic varus knees, stepwise osteophytes removal and medial soft tissue release could achieve satisfactory soft tissue balance during total knee arthroplasty.However, in some severe cases, conventional balancing techniques are not enough, necessitating other procedures like epicondylar osteotomy.To the best of our knowledge, no published article has reported the application of lateral epicondylar osteotomy in a severe varus knee.Here we reported a case of successful correction of a severe varus knee following lateral epicondylar osteotomy, and described its underlying rationale.

  14. A Modified Triple Pelvic Osteotomy for the Treatment of Hip Hypoplasia

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    Hassan Rahimi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of hip dysplasia is 1 in 1000. Several pelvic osteotomy methods have been developed to prevent early osteoarthritis, such as triple osteotomy. In this study we are going to introduce our new technique that was done on 4 patients with favorable short-term results.   Methods: Four patients underwent triple osteotomy and fixation using a reconstruction plate and early weight bearing was started. Results: The Harris Hip Score, limb length, center-edge angle, and acetabular inclination showed improvement. Conclusion: This modified technique is suggested for corrective surgery on adult dysplastic hips.

  15. A Modified Triple Pelvic Osteotomy for the Treatment of Hip Hypoplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Rahimi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available   Background: The prevalence of hip dysplasia is 1 in 1000. Several pelvic osteotomy methods have been developed to prevent early osteoarthritis, such as triple osteotomy. In this study we are going to introduce our new technique that was done on 4 patients with favorable short-term results.   Methods: Four patients underwent triple osteotomy and fixation using a reconstruction plate and early weight bearing was started. Results: The Harris Hip Score, limb length, center-edge angle, and acetabular inclination showed improvement. Conclusion: This modified technique is suggested for corrective surgery on adult dysplastic hips.

  16. Osteotomy does not improve early outcome after slipped capital femoral epiphysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diab, Mohammad; Daluvoy, Sanjay; Snyder, Brian D; Kasser, James R

    2006-03-01

    We performed a retrospective, nonrandomized cohort study of unilateral, chronic, severe, stable slipped capital femoral epiphysis comparing five girls and five boys who underwent in-situ screw fixation alone with five girls and five boys who underwent in-situ screw fixation combined with staged flexion intertrochanteric femoral osteotomy to restore proximal femoral alignment. Functional outcome was measured by the Harris hip score, with 20% selected as a goal for improvement in functional outcome after corrective osteotomy. While flexion intertrochanteric femoral osteotomy improved hip range of motion, we found no significant difference in functional outcome between the two groups at early follow-up. This is a level 3 evidence study.

  17. Bernese periacetabular osteotomy in males: is there an increased risk of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) after Bernese periacetabular osteotomy?

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    Ziebarth, K; Balakumar, J; Domayer, S; Kim, Y J; Millis, M B

    2011-02-01

    The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is a popular option for treating symptomatic acetabular dysplasia. We noted symptomatic impingement after PAO in several male patients. We therefore determined (1) the incidence of clinical signs of FAI after PAO in the male population; and (2) whether any factors were associated with the positive impingement signs after PAO in males. We retrospectively reviewed 38 males who underwent 46 periacetabular osteotomies (PAO) between 2000 and 2007. Clinical and radiographic data were analyzed with the focus on pre- and postoperative incidence of femoroacetabular impingement. Minimum followup was 12 months (average, 43 months; range, 12-90 months). We found a positive impingement sign in 19 of the 46 hips during the preoperative examination compared to 22 (47.8%) hips postoperatively. The ROM (flexion and internal rotation) decreased postoperatively compared to preoperatively. Radiographic parameters of coverage LCE-, ACE- and Tönnis angle improved into the normal range. Twenty hips had postoperative heterotopic ossification to varying degrees, mostly minor. WOMAC scores improved in the function and pain domains postoperatively. Despite normalization of coverage we found a high postoperative rate of clinical signs of FAI after PAO in males. Level IV, therapeutic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

  18. Severe Class II malocclusion with facial asymmetry treated with intraoral vertico-sagittal ramus osteotomy and LeFort I osteotomy.

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    Kuroda, Shingo; Murakami, Kaoru; Morishige, Yasuko; Takano-Yamamoto, Teruko

    2009-06-01

    In this article, we report the successful treatment of a patient, aged 19 years 11 months, who had a severe Class II malocclusion and facial asymmetry. A combination of intraoral vertical-sagittal ramus osteotomy (IVSRO), intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO), and LeFort I osteotomy was used for mandibular advancement and maxillary impaction. The patient had a convex profile because of a retrognathic mandible. She also had severe mandibular deviation and vertical maxillary excess with a canted occlusal plane. A deep overbite of 8.0 mm and an excessive overjet of 10.0 mm were observed. After 16 months of presurgical orthodontic treatment, IVRO in the left ramus and IVSRO in the right ramus were performed with maxillary impaction by LeFort I osteotomy. The mandible was advanced 6.0 mm on the right side, and the maxilla was impacted 4.0 mm at ANS, 2.0 mm at the right first molar, and 5.0 mm at the left first molar. The total active treatment time was 35 months. Both occlusion and facial appearance were significantly improved by the surgical-orthodontic treatment. Occlusion was stable after a year of retention. There were no functional problems during or after treatment. Our results suggest that IVSRO and IVRO combined with LeFort I osteotomy in a patient with severe mandibular retrusion with facial asymmetry might be useful to improve occlusion and facial esthetics.

  19. Minimally Invasive Calcaneal Displacement Osteotomy Site Using a Reference Kirschner Wire: A Technique Tip.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Moses; Guyton, Gregory P; Zahoor, Talal; Schon, Lew C

    2016-01-01

    As a standard open approach, the lateral oblique incision has been widely used for calcaneal displacement osteotomy. However, just as with other orthopedic procedures that use an open approach, complications, including wound healing problems and neurovascular injury in the heel, have been reported. To help avoid these limitations, a percutaneous technique using a Shannon burr for calcaneal displacement osteotomy was introduced. However, relying on a free-hand technique without direct visualization at the osteotomy site has been a major obstacle for this technique. To address this problem, we developed a technical tip using a reference Kirschner wire. A reference Kirschner wire technique provides a reliable and accurate guide for minimally invasive calcaneal displacement osteotomy. Also, the technique should be easy to learn for surgeons new to the procedure. Copyright © 2016 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Bone grafting with granular biomaterial in segmental maxillary osteotomy: A case report

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    Orion Luiz Haas Junior

    2016-01-01

    Conclusion: This is the first report of bone grafting with a granular biomaterial in segmental maxillary osteotomy. Successful formation of new bone with density greater than that of the surrounding tissue was achieved, preventing pseudarthrosis and postoperative instability.

  1. Shortening Scarf osteotomy for correction of severe hallux valgus. Does shortening affect the outcome?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karpe, Prasad; Killen, Marie C; Pollock, Raymond D; Limaye, Rajiv

    2016-12-01

    Translation and shortening of Scarf osteotomy allows correction of severe hallux valgus deformity. Shortening may result in transfer metatarsalgia. To evaluate outcome of patients undergoing shortening Scarf osteotomy for severe hallux valgus deformities. Fifteen patients (20feet, mean age 58 years) underwent shortening Scarf osteotomy for severe hallux valgus deformities. Outcomes were pre and postoperative AOFAS scores, IM and HV angles, patient satisfaction. Mean follow-up was 25 months (range 22-30). The IM angle improved from a median of 18.60 (range 13.4-26.20) preoperatively to 9.70 (range 8.0-13.70) postoperatively (8.9; 95% CI=7.6-10.3; posteotomies united. Shortening Scarf osteotomy is a viable option for treating severe hallux valgus deformities with no transfer metatarsalgia. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Modified versus classic alar base sutures after LeFort I osteotomy: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xianwen; Zhu, Songsong; Hu, Jing

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate the efficacy of a new modified alar base cinch suture by comparing it with the commonly used classic alar base suture after LeFort I osteotomy. A comprehensive search strategy was performed to include interventional studies involving the comparisons of alar base suturing methods after LeFort I osteotomy. Data analyses were conducted using the random-effects model. Three studies with 146 participants undergoing LeFort I maxillary osteotomy were included in this review. The results showed that, compared with the classic method, both modified transseptal alar base suture and modified reinsertion sutures significantly decreased postoperative alar and alar base widening. The modified alar base cinch suture was more effective than the classic alar base suture in maintaining preoperative alar and alar base width after LeFort I osteotomy. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. [Medial closing wedge osteotomy for correction of genu valgum and torsional malalignment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petersen, W; Forkel, P

    2013-12-01

    Femoral medial closing wedge osteotomy for the correction of valgus malalignment to unload the cartilage in the lateral compartment and/or correction of symptomatic torsional malalignment. Lateral unicompartmental osteoarthritis of the knee with genu valgum in young patients. Symptomatic torsional malalignement of > 30° and genu valgum with medial closing osteotomy of the distal femur (6 men and 17 women). After 3.5-years follow-up, the KOOS increased from 48.4 points to 84.9 points. In one case, there was an early loss of correction, with subsequent revision with bone grafting and lateral osteosynthesis. No peri-or postoperative complications such as infection, thrombosis, and embolism occurred. In 5 cases a torsional osteotomy was performed. The torsional osteotomy was performed 4 times due to chronic patellofemoral instability, and once due to a medial tibiofemoral instability. Healing complications were not observed in this population. Recurrent instability was not observed.

  4. The role of AO external fixation in proximal femoral osteotomies in the pediatric neuromuscular population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handelsman, John E; Weinberg, Jacob; Razi, Afshin; Mulley, Debra A

    2004-09-01

    Internal fixation in proximal femoral osteotomies using traditional devices may be sub-optimal in children with neuromuscular disorders who have small or osteopenic bone. In this population, between 1988 and 2000, we performed 36 proximal femoral varus osteotomies in 28 patients. These were controlled by the AO external fixator. The average age at surgery was 7 years (range, 2-13 years). A mean varus correction of 34 degrees (range, 15-90 degrees) was obtained. Complications consisted of one superficial pin tract infection, one skin breakdown, and one non-union. Other than the non-union, all osteotomies were stable at the time of the fixator removal. The AO external fixator is an effective alternative in maintaining corrective proximal femoral osteotomies in children with fragile bones.

  5. Premaxillary osteotomy fixation in bilateral cleft lip/palate: Introducing a new technique

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    Amin Rahpeyma

    2016-04-01

    Conclusion: In protruding premaxilla, osteotomy and fixation of premaxilla with miniplate to the vomer bone during alveolar bone grafting through a lip-split approach yielded satisfactory results in patients requiring secondary functional cheilorhinoplasty.

  6. Effect of prior Salter or Chiari osteotomy on THA with developmental hip dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokunaga, Kenji; Aslam, Nadim; Zdero, Rad; Schemitsch, Emil H; Waddell, James P

    2011-01-01

    Controversy exists regarding the outcome of THA after prior pelvic osteotomy. We conducted a retrospective chart and radiographic review to obtain outcome measures for perioperative complications, acetabular and femoral component revisions, Harris hip score, and survivorship and compared these outcomes for patients presenting with developmental dysplasia of the hip treated surgically using THA with and without prior pelvic osteotomy. We performed 103 primary THAs in 87 patients with osteoarthritis secondary to developmental dysplasia of the hip with a minimum 3-year followup. Previous pelvic osteotomy was performed in 52 hips (Salter, 40; Chiari, nine; Salter and Chiari, three), and 51 hips had no previous surgery (control group). The pelvic osteotomy group did not have higher rates of femoral or acetabular intraoperative fracture or dislocation compared with the control group. The overall revision rate was 28.8% in the pelvic osteotomy group compared with 19.6% in the control group. The revision rate for aseptic loosening was 23.1% in the pelvic osteotomy group compared with 17.6% in the control group. Harris hip scores (range, 20-87) were not compromised, and overall survivorship rates 8 years postoperatively were not different at any time between the pelvic osteotomy (83.3%) and control (88.4%) groups. Prior pelvic osteotomy did not lead to a higher perioperative complication rate, higher revision rate, compromised Harris hip score, or shortened survivorship in eventual THA in developmental dysplasia of the hip. Level III, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

  7. Subtrochanteric osteotomy for femoral mal-torsion through a surgical dislocation approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamath, Atul F.; Ganz, Reinhold; Zhang, Hong; Grappiolo, Guido; Leunig, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Missed torsional femur deformities may contribute to reasons for failure after open and more likely arthroscopic hip preservation surgery. A number of surgical approaches have been described for addressing torsion abnormalities. This report describes a subtrochanteric osteotomy technique in a consecutive series of patients with complex hip pathologies, for which intertrochanteric osteotomy is not suitable and precise derotation is required. Subtrochanteric derotation was performed, always in combination with a surgical hip dislocation, in accordance with the authors’ preferred technique. Before osteotomy, a localized decortication was executed. Application of a 4.5-mm broad or narrow plate was undertaken with dynamic compression of the osteotomy. Twenty-eight consecutive subtrochanteric derotational osteotomies were performed in 26 patients. Twenty-one females and five males were treated at an average age of 21.4 years (range, 12–43). Underlying diagnoses included dysplasia, arthrogryposis, cerebral palsy, Down’s syndrome, instability and impingement. The decision to perform derotation was for antetorsion over 20° or less than 0° (retrotorsion). Patients were followed clinically and radiographically till final follow-up. All patients went on to successful osteotomy union. There were two initial failures: one delayed union prompting revision fixation in a chronic smoker and one plate failure due to self-accelerated weight-bearing in a patient status post successful contralateral derotational osteotomy. Rotational deformity of the femur must be considered in the patient undergoing hip preservation surgery. This technique of subtrochanteric derotational osteotomy, with adjunctive surgical hip dislocation, is applicable and reproducible in the setting of complex hip pathologies. Level of evidence: IV, case series. PMID:27011816

  8. Effects of rotation on measurement of lower limb alignment for knee osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawakami, Hideo; Sugano, Nobuhiko; Yonenobu, Kazuo; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Ochi, Takahiro; Hattori, Asaki; Suzuki, Naoki

    2004-11-01

    The purposes of this study were to clarify the effects of rotation on two-dimensional measurement of lower limb alignment for knee osteotomy using a three-dimensional method and to determine whether this 3-D simulation method could help with planning of knee osteotomy. We developed computer software to calculate femorotibial angle (FTA) and hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA) and simulate knee osteotomy from a CT-based 3-D bone model of the lower limb. Lower limb rotation on anteroposterior long-standing radiographs was measured by superimposing the 3-D bone models. Changes in alignment with limb rotation were calculated using the software. FTA after virtual closed-wedged osteotomy was measured for a hypothetical case of a rotation error of the osteotomy plane in reattaching the proximal cutting surface to the distal cutting surface. For 31 varus knees in 20 patients with medial compartment arthritis, the mean rotation angle, relative to the epicondylar axis, with variable limb position was 7.4 +/- 3.9 degrees of internal rotation (mean +/- SD), ranging from 8 degrees of external rotation to 14 degrees of internal rotation; the mean changes in FTA and HKA were 3.5 +/- 2.2 degrees (range, 0.4-8.6) and 1.6 +/- 1.3 degrees (range, 0.2-4.9), respectively. The FTA "flexion angle" (lateral view alignment from neutral AP) and the absolute HKA "flexion angle" correlated with the change in FTA and HKA with limb rotation, respectively (FTA, R = 0.999; HKA, R = 0.993). The mean change in FTA after virtual closed-wedged osteotomy was 3.2 degrees for internal and external 10 degrees rotation errors in reattaching the osteotomy plane. Rotation may affect measurement of lower limb alignment for knee osteotomy, and 3-D methods are preferable for surgical planning.

  9. Determination of muscle effort at the proximal femur rotation osteotomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachenkov, O.; Hasanov, R.; Andreev, P.; Konoplev, Yu

    2016-11-01

    The paper formulates the problem of biomechanics of a new method for treatment of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. Numerical calculations of the rotational flexion osteotomy have been carried out for a constructed mathematical model of the hip joint, taking into account the main set of muscles. The work presents the results of the calculations and their analysis. The results have been compared with the clinical data. The calculations of the reactive forces arising in the acetabulum and the proximal part of the femur allowed us to reveal that this reactive force changes both in value and direction. These data may be useful for assessing the stiffness of an external fixation device used in orthopedic intervention and for evaluating the compression in the joint.

  10. Computer and robotic assisted osteotomy around the knee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, R; Hafez, M A; Mohsen, A M; Sherman, K P; Hewitt, J R; Browbank, I; Bouazza-Marouf, K

    2000-01-01

    The outcome variability and failures of conventional osteotomy have been attributed to lack of preoperative planning and inaccuracy in performing the correction. We present a computer and robotic assisted surgery system that can aid in accurate surgical planning for realignment, and in precisely implementing the plan in theatre. The approach seeks to avoid the cost and risks associated with the use of CT, and the insertion of fiducial markers, which are characteristic of existing computer assisted surgical systems. The paper details the architecture of the system as a whole, placing particular emphasis on planning technique. It is anticipated that the increased accuracy possible with the system will prove particularly useful for correcting multi-plane deformities, which are more problematic with conventional techniques.

  11. Removal of Deeply Impacted Mandibular Molars by Sagittal Split Osteotomy

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    Erol Cansiz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Mandibular third molars are the most common impacted teeth. Mandibular first and second molars do not share the same frequency of occurrence. In rare cases the occlusal surfaces of impacted molars are united by the same follicular space and the roots pointing in opposite direction; these are called kissing molars. In some cases, a supernumerary fourth molar can be seen as unerupted and, in this case, such a supernumerary, deeply impacted fourth molar is seen neighboring kissing molars. The extraction of deeply impacted wisdom molars from the mandible may necessitate excessive bone removal and it causes complications such as damage to the inferior alveolar nerve and iatrogenic fractures of the mandible. This case report describes the use of the sagittal split osteotomy technique to avoid extensive bone removal and protect the inferior alveolar nerve during surgical extruction of multiple impacted teeth.

  12. [Imaging and preoperative planning for osteotomies around the knee].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pape, D; Hoffmann, A; Seil, R

    2017-08-01

    Physiologic alignment of the human lower leg is well defined. The etiology for malalignment comprises constitutional, degenerative and posttraumatic conditions. Osteotomies around the knee can correct the malalignment, provided that the origin of deviation is in proximity of the knee center. Crucial factors for the evaluation of axis deviation are the weight-bearing line, the mechanical axes of femur and tibia, the joint line angles and the center of the hip, knee and upper ankle joint. Careful preoperative planning is mandatory for reproducible clinical results. For the treatment of varus osteoarthritis of the knee, a slight overcorrection to the 62% width of the lateral tibial plateau is frequently advocated. In valgus knees, a correction of the postoperative weight-bearing line to physiologic conditions (44% of the lateral tibial width) is regarded to be sufficient. Recently, individualized planning of the correction angle is advocated to better address the underlying pathology of each patient.

  13. Mandibular nerve schwannoma resection using sagittal split ramus osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmood, Laith; Demian, Nagi; Weinstock, Yitzchak E; Weissferdt, Annikka

    2013-11-01

    A case is presented of a unique presentation and treatment of a mandibular nerve schwannoma. Its uniqueness stems from the fact that it consisted of 2 distinct tumors along the same nerve: one within the body of the mandible and the other within the ipsilateral pterygomandibular space. Rather than the standard approach of lip split and hemimandibulectomy, a unique approach of a sagittal split ramus osteotomy was used that allowed access to the 2 lesions and avoided the added morbidity of the former approach. The 2 portions of the lesion were successfully removed and the patient was satisfied with the result. Recurrence has not been detected after 6 months. Copyright © 2013 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Distal humeral Salter Harris (Type II) fracture repair by an ulnar osteotomy approach in a horse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahern, Benjamin J; Richardson, Dean W

    2010-08-01

    To report repair of a comminuted distal humeral type II Salter-Harris fracture using an ulnar osteotomy approach and locking compression plates (LCP). Case report. A 3-month-old Standardbred filly with a type II Salter-Harris fracture of the distal humerus. Radiographic and computed tomography examinations were performed to assist surgical planning. The distal humeral fracture was approached by an ulnar osteotomy and repaired using a 7-hole broad LCP and screws inserted in lag fashion. The osteotomy was subsequently repaired using a 7-hole narrow LCP. The distal humeral fracture was successfully approached and stabilized by an ulnar osteotomy approach. At 6-month follow-up, the filly was ambulating comfortably with a normal cosmetic appearance. An ulnar osteotomy approach was readily performed and allowed for repair of a type II Salter-Harris fracture of the distal humerus. The equine distal humerus can be accessed readily using an ulnar osteotomy approach. LCPs allow for repair of complicated fractures that have previously been associated with a grave prognosis.

  15. Effect of Osteoporosis on Bone Density of Orthognathic Osteotomy Sites in Maxillofacial Region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    On, Sung Woon; Kim, Hyun Jun; Kim, Jayoun; Choi, Jin Wook; Jung, Young Wook; Song, Seung Il

    2016-10-01

    The aims of this study were to investigate the availability of Hounsfield unit (HU) measurement of computed tomography (CT) in evaluating the bone density of certain sites by comparing bone density between CT and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), and to evaluate the effects of osteoporosis on osteotomy sites in orthognathic surgery. This retrospective study included 80 patients who had undergone both facial CT and DEXA at our hospital. We selected 7 regions of interest from among the osteotomy sites in bimaxillary orthognathic surgery. The patients were assigned to either the normal (control) group (n = 40) or the abnormal group (n = 40), and HU values were measured in each region of interest. There were statistically significant differences in the mean HU values between 2 groups at all the osteotomy sites in the maxilla and mandible, with the normal group showing higher values than the abnormal group (P osteotomy sites (P osteotomy sites except for 1 maxillary area, as compared with the normal group. Measurement of HU values on CT can be valuable in assessing bone density of the maxilla and mandible. It is suggested that osteoporosis may affect bone density at the osteotomy sites in orthognathic surgery, and the preoperative measurement of HU values might be useful in predicting unfavorable fracture or the risks involved in such surgery.

  16. Laser-Assisted Osteotomy for Implant Site Preparation: A Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moslemi, Neda; Shahnaz, Aysan; Masoumi, Samane; Torabi, Sepehr; Akbari, Solmaz

    2017-02-01

    The aim of this study was to review the scientific evidence about the laser osteotomy in implant bed preparation. An electronic search was performed on relevant English articles up to April 2016 in the PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar databases. Twenty-two articles (1 clinical, 13 animal, and 8 ex vivo studies) were included. Implant sites prepared by erbium family lasers and drill showed comparable results regarding the percentage of bone-to-implant contact, values of biomechanical tests, and healing process. Selection of proper laser wavelength and parameters was of paramount importance to minimize the risk of thermal bone damage. Lack of depth control and long time needed for implant site osteotomy with laser were the most challenging concerns for its clinical applicability. Computer-guided laser osteotomy showed promise for future use of laser osteotomy in clinical settings. Evidence from animal studies shows promising results regarding laser osteotomy in implant site preparation. However, because of the lack of clinical studies, it is not possible to make a conclusive result whether there is superiority of laser osteotomy in clinical practice.

  17. The comparison of edema and ecchymosis after piezoelectric and conventional osteotomy in rhinoplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taşkın, Ümit; Batmaz, Timur; Erdil, Mehmet; Aydın, Salih; Yücebaş, Kadir

    2017-02-01

    The basic aim of our study is to compare the results of the conventional and piezoelectric osteotomy in rhinoplasty by complete subperiosteal degloving of nasal bone to minimize soft-tissue injury. The study was designed as a prospective, double-blind, randomized, and controlled study. Setting is a tertiary referral hospital in Turkey. Ninety patients who underwent primary open rhinoplasty with osteotomy, performed by either the conventional instruments or the piezoelectric device. The complete subperiosteal degloving of the entire nasal bone was done up to the nasal maxillary sulcus, medial canthus, and nasion in all patients, independent of the type of osteotomy device used. Patients subsequently underwent median-oblique and lateral osteotomy, either with an ultrasonic device or a conventional 2-mm guarded, straight osteotome. The postoperative edema and ecchymosis were evaluated by another surgeon who was blinded to the osteotomy procedure on postoperative days 2 and 7. The edema scores were significantly increased on the second day compared with the seventh day in both groups 1 and 2. However, there was no significant difference between groups. The ecchymosis scores were slightly higher in postoperative day 2, compared with day 7, in both groups 1 and 2, but statistically not significant. This study showed that the main reason edema and ecchymosis are seen post-rhinoplasty is related to soft-tissue injury during osteotomy.

  18. How to Calculate the Exact Angle for Two-level Osteotomy in Ankylosing Spondylitis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Guoquan; Song, Kai; Yao, Ziming; Zhang, Yonggang; Tang, Xiangyu; Wang, Zheng; Zhang, Xuesong; Mao, Keya; Cui, Geng; Wang, Yan

    2016-09-01

    A prospective case series study. To describe and assess a two-level osteotomy method for the management of severe thoracolumbar kyphosis (TLK) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). To achieve better postoperative outcomes in these patients, a sophisticated preoperative surgical plan is required. Most deformities are managed using a one-level osteotomy and a two-level osteotomy is seldomly reported. Till date, no study has described a two-level osteotomy for these cases. From January 2011 to December 2012, 10 consecutive patients with ankylosing spondylitis who underwent two-level spinal osteotomy were studied. Pre- and postoperative full-length free-standing radiographs, including the whole spine and pelvis, were available for all patients. Pre- and postoperative radiological parameters, including T5-S1 Cobb angles, TLK, lumbar lordosis, pelvic incidence, pelvic tilt, sacral slope, and sagittal vertical axis were measured. Health related quality of life , including Oswestry Disability Index and Scoliosis Research Society-22 surveys were administered before surgery and at 1-year follow up. The preoperative and postoperative T5-S1 Cobb angles was 51.3° and -7.1°, respectively (P osteotomy provides an accurate and reproducible method for ankylosing spondylitis correction. By which, we can obtain satisfactory radiological parameters and clinical outcomes. 4.

  19. A reciprocating ledge technique in closing wedge osteotomy for genu valgum in adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhar, Shabir Ahmed; Butt, Mohammed Farooq; Mir, Mohammed Ramzan; Dar, Tahir Ahmed; Sultan, Asif

    2009-12-01

    To describe a technique that preserves anterior and posterior alternate ledges in a closing wedge osteotomy. Five patients aged 14 to 19 years underwent a closing wedge osteotomy for genu valgum in 8 limbs using a reciprocating ledge technique. A unicortical wedge of bone was removed, with the anterior and posterior cortices spared. The anterior cortex at the proximal level and the posterior cortex at the distal level were cut through. With a wobbling action, the osteotomy site was rotated, and the distal fragment externally rotated. Manual force was applied to close the osteotomy site ensuring overlapping of the reciprocal ledges. The distal fragment was translated laterally to prevent club deformity. The osteotomy site was held with one or 2 staples. Stability was tested by flexion and extension of knee. All 8 limbs attained bone union within 12 weeks, and full range of motion within a mean of 13 (range, 12-15) weeks. The mean correction of the tibiofemoral angle was 13 degrees. At a mean follow-up of 12 months, all patients were pain-free and none developed club deformity. Sparing reciprocal ledges in a closing wedge osteotomy for genu valgum may increase stability in the flexion-extension axis, enable early range-of-motion exercises, and facilitate early bone union.

  20. The role of fibular for supramalleolar osteotomy in treatment of varus ankle arthritis: a biomechanical and clinical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Hongmou; Liang, Xiaojun; Li, Yi; Yu, Guangrong; Niu, Wenxin; Zhang, Yan

    2016-10-24

    Supramalleolar osteotomy (SMOT) is a well-accepted treatment method for mid-stage varus ankle osteoarthritis (OA). However, few studies have examined the role of fibular osteotomy in SMOT. The objective of the current study was to compare the biomechanical and clinical outcomes of SMOT with and without fibular osteotomy. Eight cadaveric lower legs with 10° varus/valgus SMOT models were tested using a Tekscan ankle sensor. Tibiotalar joint contact with and without fibular osteotomy conditions were compared. Forty-one varus ankle OA patients treated with SMOT were included; 22 underwent fibular osteotomy, and 19 did not. The Maryland foot score and radiological angles were used for clinical evaluation. The mean contact area and pressure did not differ significantly between normal and varus/valgus conditions with the fibula preserved. After fibular osteotomy, the mean contact area decreased and the mean contact pressure increased significantly in varus and valgus conditions (P osteotomy in varus/valgus conditions. After a mean follow-up of 36.6 months (range 17-61), there was no significant difference in the Maryland scores of the two groups. However, in the fibular osteotomy group, the talar tilt angle decreased (P osteotomy facilitates the translation of tibiotalar contact pressure and is helpful for varus ankle realignment in patients with large talar tilts and small tibiocrural angles.

  1. An investigation on the incidence of neurosensory disturbances of inferior alveolar nerve and condylardisplacement with Choung (IVSRO osteotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shirani Gh

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available The choung osteotomy (Intraoral Vertico- Sagittal Ramus Osteotomy has developed"nsince 1992 in the treatment of mandibular prognathism. In IVSRO, osteotomy plane is theoretically parallel to"nthe original sagittal plane and thereby attempting to decrease the incidence of condylar dispacement. This"nosteotomy designed additionally to decrease neurosensory disturbances."nPurpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of neurosensory deficit and condylar"ndisplacement with IVSRO and Sagittal Split Ramus Osteotomy (SSRO."nMaterials and Methods: In this study, mandibular set back surgery was accomplished upon 7 patients by"nchoung osteotomy. In addition to choung osteotomy, in 2 patients Lefort 1 osteomy was performed for"nmaxillary protrusion and for 2 other patients, chain surgery was performed. Variables such as the"nneurosensory disturbances of inferior alveolar nerve and condylar displacement following choung osteotomy"nwere investigated. All the patients were followed up one year after osteotomy. OPG, Lateral Cephalogram and"nSubmentovertex radiographies were take pre and postoperatively for all patients."nResults: No statistically significant differences were found in condylar displacement (P>0.5. However, Mc"nNemar analysis showed significant difference of neurosensory deficit between IVSRO and SSRO (P=0.001."nConclusion: It is suggested that choung osteotomy is a safe procedure for mandibular surgery.

  2. Long-Term Outcome of Step-Cut Ulnar Shortening Osteotomy for Ulnar Impaction Syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papatheodorou, Loukia K; Baratz, Mark E; Bougioukli, Sofia; Ruby, Tyler; Weiser, Robert W; Sotereanos, Dean G

    2016-11-02

    Extra-articular ulnar shortening osteotomy is a common procedure for the surgical treatment of ulnar impaction syndrome. Several techniques for this osteotomy have been developed to avoid the morbidity associated with a standard transverse osteotomy. However, these techniques require special instrumentation and are expensive. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of step-cut ulnar shortening osteotomy without special jigs for ulnar impaction syndrome. A retrospective study of 164 consecutive patients who underwent step-cut ulnar shortening osteotomy between 2000 and 2010 was performed. The long arm of the step-cut osteotomy was oriented in the coronal plane parallel to the long axis of the ulna. The short arms of the osteotomy were perpendicular to the long axis in the axial plane. Fixation was performed with a palmar 3.5-mm standard neutralization plate and a lag screw. The goal of the osteotomy was to reduce ulnar variance, which was assessed in all patients with pronated grip-view radiographs preoperatively and postoperatively. Preoperative ulnar variance ranged from +1 to +6 mm. All patients were followed for at least 24 months. Union of the osteotomy site was achieved at a mean of 8.2 weeks. The union rate was 98.8%. There were 2 cases of nonunion, which required additional surgery. The mean postoperative ulnar variance was +0.2 mm (range, -1 to +1.5 mm) after a mean overall ulnar shortening of 2.5 mm. All patients returned to their previous work, in a mean of 4 months. The plate was removed from 12 patients because of plate-related symptoms. No other complications were encountered. The step-cut ulnar shortening osteotomy provides ample bone-to-bone contact and simplifies control of rotation. Stable internal fixation with standard techniques allowed an early return to functional activities. Palmar placement of the plate diminishes the need for plate removal. This is a simple and less expensive technique for ulnar shortening that does not

  3. Acetabular Remodeling and Role of Osteotomy After Closed Reduction of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Chang Ho; Yoo, Won Joon; Park, Moon Seok; Kim, Jun Ho; Choi, In Ho; Cho, Tae-Joon

    2016-06-01

    The purposes of this study were to evaluate acetabular remodeling after closed reduction of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and to delineate the role of osteotomy. Eighty-four hips with DDH treated with closed reduction and followed until the patient was 8 years of age or older were included in this study. The mean age at closed reduction was 14.0 months (range, 3 to 30 months) and that at the latest follow-up visit was 12.7 years (range, 8.0 to 24.7 years). Osteotomy was performed in 26 hips (31%) during the follow-up period, at an average age of 2.8 years (range, 2.0 to 5.8 years). The acetabular index (AI) and center-edge angle (CEA) were measured, and osteonecrosis was graded. The treatment outcome was evaluated as satisfactory (Severin grade I or II) or unsatisfactory (III or IV). We retrospectively analyzed the associations among radiographic parameters, performance of osteotomy, grade of osteonecrosis, and final outcome. A satisfactory outcome was observed in 67 (80%) of the 84 hips. An osteotomy was not performed in 30 of 34 hips with an AI of 14° at the age of 3 years, and 28 (93%) of these 30 hips showed a satisfactory outcome. Of the 33 hips with an AI of ≥32° and a CEA of ≤14° at the age of 3 years, the 20 that had undergone an osteotomy showed a higher proportion of satisfactory outcomes than the 13 hips that had not (p = 0.01). Three of the 4 hips that showed an unsatisfactory outcome following an osteotomy had an AI of ≥34° at 1 year post-osteotomy. Grade-II, III, or IV osteonecrosis, according to the Bucholz-Ogden classification, developed in 10 of the 84 hips, and these 10 hips had a higher proportion of unsatisfactory outcomes than did those that developed no or grade-I osteonecrosis (p = 0.004). Hips with DDH showing poor acetabular remodeling after closed reduction may benefit from osteotomy. The AI and CEA at the age of 3 years can serve as one of the guidelines for osteotomy. Continued surveillance for acetabular remodeling

  4. Safe Zone for Neural Structures in Medial Displacement Calcaneal Osteotomy: A Cadaveric and Radiographic Investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talusan, Paul G; Cata, Ezequiel; Tan, Eric W; Parks, Brent G; Guyton, Gregory P

    2015-12-01

    We aimed to define reference lines on standard lateral ankle radiographs that could be used intraoperatively to minimize iatrogenic nerve injury risk in medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy. Forty cadaveric specimens were used. In 20 specimens, the sural, medial plantar (MP), and lateral plantar (LP) nerves were sutured to radiopaque wire, and a lateral ankle radiograph was obtained. On the radiograph, a line was drawn from the posterior superior apex of the calcaneal tuberosity to the origin of the plantar fascia and labeled as the "landmark line." A parallel line was drawn 2 mm posterior to the most posterior nerve, and the area between these lines was defined as the safe zone. In 20 additional specimens, an osteotomy was performed 1 cm anterior to the landmark line using a percutaneous or open technique. Dissection was performed to assess for laceration of the sural, MP, LP, medial calcaneal (MC), or lateral calcaneal (LC) nerves. The safe zone was determined to be within the area 11.2 ± 2.7 mm anterior to the landmark line. After open osteotomy, lacerations were found in 3 of 10 MC nerves and 3 of 10 LC nerves. After percutaneous osteotomy, lacerations were found in 2 of 10 MC nerves and 1 of 10 LC nerves. No lacerations of the sural, MP, or LP nerves were found with either osteotomy. The safe zone extended 11.2 ± 2.7 mm anterior to the described landmark line. The MC and LC nerves were always at risk during medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy. Nerve injury to both major and minor sensory nerves is likely underrecognized as a source of morbidity after calcaneal osteotomy. The current study provides a ready intraoperative guideline for minimizing this risk. © The Author(s) 2015.

  5. Neurologic Deficit Associated With Lateralizing Calcaneal Osteotomy for Cavovarus Foot Correction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanValkenburg, Scott; Hsu, Raymond Y; Palmer, Daniel S; Blankenhorn, Brad; Den Hartog, Bryan D; DiGiovanni, Christopher W

    2016-10-01

    Lateralizing calcaneal osteotomy (LCO) is a frequently used technique to correct hindfoot varus deformity. Tibial nerve palsy following this osteotomy has been described in case reports but the incidence has not been quantified. Eighty feet in 72 patients with cavovarus foot deformity were treated over a 6-year span by 2 surgeons at their respective institutions. Variations of the LCO were employed for correction per surgeon choice. A retrospective chart review analyzed osteotomy type, osteotomy location, amount of translation, and addition of a tarsal tunnel release in relation to the presence of any postoperative tibial nerve palsy. Tibial nerve branches affected and the time to resolution of any deficits was also noted. The incidence of neurologic deficit following LCO was 34%. With an average follow-up of 19 months, a majority (59%) resolved fully at an average of 3 months. There was a correlation between the development of neurologic deficit and the location of the osteotomy in the middle third as compared to the posterior third of the calcaneal tuber. We found no relationship between the osteotomy type, amount of correction, or addition of a tarsal tunnel release and the incidence of neurologic injury. Tibial nerve palsy was not uncommon following LCO. Despite the fact that deficits were found to be transient, physicians should be more aware of this potential problem and counsel patients accordingly. To decrease the risk of this complication, we advocate extra caution when performing the osteotomy in the middle one-third of the calcaneal tuberosity. Although intuitively the addition of a tarsal tunnel release may protect against injury, no protective effect was demonstrated in this retrospective study. Level III, retrospective cohort study. © The Author(s) 2016.

  6. Fixation of Intertrochanteric Valgus Osteotomy with T Plate in Treatment of Developmental Coxa Vara.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elzohairy, Mohamed Mansour; Khairy, Hosam Mohamed

    2016-09-01

    Although the valgus subtrochanteric osteotomy is considered as a standard surgical treatment for coxa vara, there is no consensus on the optimal method of fixation and osteotomy technique. Fixation of the osteotomy has been achieved by various methods including external fixation and internal fixation with pins and cerclage and a variety of plates. The aim of this study is the evaluation of the results of developmental coxa treated by Y intertrochanteric valgus osteotomy fixed with a T-buttress plate compared with other methods of fixation in the literature. Eighteen corrective valgus intertrochanteric femoral osteotomies were performed in 18 patients (18 hips) for treatment of unilateral developmental coxa vara deformity and fixed with a T plate. There were 12 males and 6 females. The right hip was affected in 10 patients and the left hip in 8 patients. Clinically, patients were evaluated by Larson hip score. Radiographically, anteroposterior view of the pelvis and frog leg lateral views of the affected hip were taken preoperatively and compared with the findings at the final follow-up. The average follow-up was 29 months (range, 24 to 36 months). Clinical results showed improvement of the mean Larson hip score from 57.8 to 97.0 (p osteotomies were completely united in 2.4 months (range, 2 to 3 months) with the achievement of the planned correction angle. The average correction of Hilgenreiner's epiphyseal angle improved from 78.2° to 27.8° (p osteotomy of the proximal femur fixed with a T plate may be efficient for treatment of developmental coxa vara. With careful planning, it can result in a low complication rate and insignificant or minimal recurrence rate.

  7. Rate of Malunion Following Bi-plane Chevron Medial Malleolar Osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bull, Patrick E; Berlet, Gregory C; Canini, Cameron; Hyer, Christopher F

    2016-06-01

    Access to the medial half of the talus can be challenging even with an osteotomy. Although several techniques are presented in the literature, critical evaluation of fixation, union, and alignment is lacking. The chevron medial malleolar osteotomy provides advantages of perpendicular instrumentation access and wide exposure to the medial talus. Postoperative displacement resulting in malunion, and possibly provoking ankle osteoarthritis, is a known complication. The present study describes our experience with the osteotomy. A consecutive series cohort of 50 bi-plane chevron osteotomies performed from 2004 to 2013 were evaluated. Forty-six were secured using 2 lag screws, and 4 were secured using 2 lag screws and a medial buttress plate. Radiographic studies performed at 2, 6, and 12 weeks and at final follow-up were analyzed for postoperative displacement, malunion, non-union, and hardware-related complications. At initial postoperative follow-up, 47 of 50 had adequate radiographs for review, and 18 of 47 (38.3%) showed some displacement when compared to the initial osteotomy fixation position. By final follow-up, 15 of 50 (30.0%) had measurable incongruence. Hardware removal was performed in 13 (26.0%) cases at an average of 2.4 years postoperation. Bi-plane medial malleolar chevron osteotomy fixed with 2 lag screws showed a 30.0% malunion rate with an average of 2 mm of incongruence on final follow-up radiographs, which is higher than what has been reported in the literature. In our practice, we now use a buttress plate and more recently have eliminated postoperative osteotomy displacement. Level IV, retrospective case series. © The Author(s) 2016.

  8. The dawn of computer-assisted robotic osteotomy with ytterbium-doped fiber laser.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sotsuka, Yohei; Nishimoto, Soh; Tsumano, Tomoko; Kawai, Kenichiro; Ishise, Hisako; Kakibuchi, Masao; Shimokita, Ryo; Yamauchi, Taisuke; Okihara, Shin-ichiro

    2014-05-01

    Currently, laser radiation is used routinely in medical applications. For infrared lasers, bone ablation and the healing process have been reported, but no laser systems are established and applied in clinical bone surgery. Furthermore, industrial laser applications utilize computer and robot assistance; medical laser radiations are still mostly conducted manually nowadays. The purpose of this study was to compare the histological appearance of bone ablation and healing response in rabbit radial bone osteotomy created by surgical saw and ytterbium-doped fiber laser controlled by a computer with use of nitrogen surface cooling spray. An Ytterbium (Yb)-doped fiber laser at a wavelength of 1,070 nm was guided by a computer-aided robotic system, with a spot size of 100 μm at a distance of approximately 80 mm from the surface. The output power of the laser was 60 W at the scanning speed of 20 mm/s scan using continuous wave system with nitrogen spray level 0.5 MPa (energy density, 3.8 × 10(4) W/cm(2)). Rabbits radial bone osteotomy was performed by an Yb-doped fiber laser and a surgical saw. Additionally, histological analyses of the osteotomy site were performed on day 0 and day 21. Yb-doped fiber laser osteotomy revealed a remarkable cutting efficiency. There were little signs of tissue damage to the muscle. Lased specimens have shown no delayed healing compared with the saw osteotomies. Computer-assisted robotic osteotomy with Yb-doped fiber laser was able to perform. In rabbit model, laser-induced osteotomy defects, compared to those by surgical saw, exhibited no delayed healing response.

  9. Double pelvic osteotomy for the treatment of hip dysplasia in young dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vezzoni, A; Boiocchi, S; Vezzoni, L; Vanelli, A B; Bronzo, V

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of the double pelvic osteotomy (DPO) (osteotomy of the ilium and pubis) to treat clinical cases of hip dyplasia in young dogs instead of performing a triple pelvic osteotomy (TPO) (osteotomy of the ilium, pubis, and ischium). Candidates for DPO were 4.5- to nine-month-old dogs with coxofemoral joint subluxation and laxity, indicative of susceptibility to future development of severe hip dysplasia. The angle of reduction (AR) and angle of subluxation (AS) with Ortolani's sign, Norberg angle (NA), percentage of femoral head (PC) covered by the acetabulum, and the pelvic diameters and their relationships were measured clinically and radiographically before and after surgery. The surgical technique was similar to the TPO technique, but excluded ischiatic osteotomy. A DPO was carried out in 53 joints of 34 dogs; AR and AS values immediately postoperatively and at the one- and two-month follow-up examinations were significantly lower than the preoperative values (p table (7.5%). Changes in PC and NA values obtained immediately after surgery and at the first and second follow-up examinations were significantly greater (p surgery. Sufficient acetabular ventroversion was achieved to counteract joint subluxation and the modifications of AR and AS. The NA and PC direct postoperative values reflected a significant improvement in the dorsal acetabular coverage. Restoration of normal joint congruity (PC from 50 to 72%) and maintenance of the pelvic geometry without pelvic narrowing were the most intriguing features of DPO. The complications observed were greatly reduced when using dedicated DPO plates. Based on our experience, the morbidity after unilateral and bilateral DPO was lower than after TPO because elimination of the ischiatic osteotomy allowed for increased stability of the pelvis. The surgical technique of DPO was a little more demanding than TPO because of the difficulty in handling and rotating the acetabular

  10. Biomechanical consequences of adding plantar fascia release to metatarsal osteotomies: Changes in forefoot plantar pressures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydogan, Umur; Roush, Evan P; Moore, Blake E; Andrews, Seth H; Lewis, Gregory S

    2017-04-01

    Destruction of the normal metatarsal arch by a long metatarsal is often a cause for metatarsalgia. When surgery is warranted, distal oblique, or proximal dorsiflexion osteotomies of the long metatarsal bones are commonly used. The plantar fascia has anatomical connection to all metatarsal heads. There is controversial scientific evidence on the effect of plantar fascia release on forefoot biomechanics. In this cadaveric biomechanical study, we hypothesized that plantar fascia release would augment the plantar metatarsal pressure decreasing effects of two common second metatarsal osteotomy techniques. Six matched pairs of foot and ankle specimens were mounted on a pressure mat loading platform. Two randomly assigned surgery groups, which had received either distal oblique, or proximal dorsiflexion osteotomy of the second metatarsal, were evaluated before and after plantar fasciectomy. Specimens were loaded up to a ground reaction force of 400 N at varying Achilles tendon forces. Average pressures, peak pressures, and contact areas were analyzed. Supporting our hypothesis, average pressures under the second metatarsal during 600 N Achilles load were decreased by plantar fascia release following proximal osteotomy (p fascia release following modified distal osteotomy, under multiple Achilles loading conditions (p < 0.05). Plantar fasciotomy should not be added to distal metatarsal osteotomy in the treatment of metatarsalgia. If proximal dorsiflexion osteotomy would be preferred, plantar fasciotomy should be approached cautiously not to disturb the forefoot biomechanics. © 2016 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 35:800-804, 2017. © 2016 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  11. Sagittal accuracy of tibial osteotomy position during in vivo tibial plateau levelling osteotomy performed without an alignment jig and cutting guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, Andrew; Witte, Philip Georg; Scott, Harry William

    2017-01-16

    To assess the accuracy of tibial osteotomy location for tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) in the sagittal plane and its effect on the postoperative tibial plateau angle (TPA), when performed without an alignment jig and saw guide. Also, to document the improvement gained with experience. Medical records and stifle radiographs of dogs undergoing TPLO, without the use of an alignment jig and saw guide, by one surgeon were reviewed (2010-2014). Postoperative radiographs were reviewed to record the distance and direction of eccentricity. Postoperative TPA was also recorded. In a series of 401 TPLO procedures, 231 met the inclusion criteria. The absolute distance of eccentricity (DOE) for all dogs was 3.0 ± 1.6 mm. When evaluating surgical experience, the DOE for the final 77 cases (2.72 ± 1.43 mm), the middle 77 cases (3.18 ± 1.49 mm), and the first 77 cases (3.24 ± 1.7 mm) were not significantly different (p = 0.07157). There was a very weak correlation between DOE and postoperative TPA (R = 0.029). The location of the tibial osteotomy when performing TPLO without an alignment jig and saw guide compared favourably with previously documented use of an alignment jig and saw guide. Whilst the location of the tibial osteotomy has a theoretical impact on the postoperative TPA, other factors appear to be of greater importance. Surgeon experience did not result in significant improvement in accuracy up to 231 procedures.

  12. Trans trochanteric approach with coronal osteotomy of the great trochanter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steffann Francois

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Several surgical approaches could be used in hip arthroplasty or trauma surgery: anterior, anterolateral, lateral, posterior (with or without trochanterotomy, using or not an orthopedic reduction table. Subtrochanteric and extra-capsular trochanteric fractures (ECTF are usually treated by internal fixation with mandatory restrictions on weight bearing. Specific complications have been widely described. Mechanical failures are particularly high in unstable fractures. Hip fractures are a major public health issue with a mortality rate of 12%–23% at 1 year. An alternative option is to treat ECTF by total hip arthroplasty (THA to prevent decubitus complications, to help rapid recovery, and to permit immediate weight bearing as well as quick rehabilitation. However, specific risks of THA have to be considered such as dislocation or cardiovascular failure. The classical approach (anterior or posterior requires the opening of the joint and capsule, weakening hip stability and the repair of the great trochanter is sometimes hazardous. For 15 years, we have been treating unstable ECTF by THA with cementless stem, dual mobility cup (DMC, greater trochanter (GT reattachment, and a new surgical approach preserving capsule, going through the fracture and avoiding joint dislocation. Bombaci first described a similar approach in 2008; our trans fractural digastric approach (medial gluteus and lateral vastus is different. A coronal GT osteotomy is performed when there is no coronal fracture line. It allows easy access to the femoral neck and acetabulum. The THA is implanted without femoral internal rotation to avoid extra bone fragment displacement. With pre-operative planning, cup implantation is easy and stem positioning is adjusted referring to the top of the GT after trial reduction and preoperative planning. The longitudinal osteotomy and trochanteric fracture are repaired with wires and the digastric incision is closed. This variant of Bombaci

  13. Precise and feasible measurements of lateral calcaneal lengthening osteotomies by radiostereometric analysis in cadaver feet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinkevich, P.; Rahbek, O.; Møller-Madsen, B.; Søballe, K.; Stilling, M.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives Lengthening osteotomies of the calcaneus in children are in general grafted with bone from the iliac crest. Artificial bone grafts have been introduced, however, their structural and clinical durability has not been documented. Radiostereometric analysis (RSA) is a very accurate and precise method for measurements of rigid body movements including the evaluation of joint implant and fracture stability, however, RSA has not previously been used in clinical studies of calcaneal osteotomies. We assessed the precision of RSA as a measurement tool in a lateral calcaneal lengthening osteotomy (LCLO). Methods LCLO was performed in six fixed adult cadaver feet. Tantalum markers were inserted on each side of the osteotomy and in the cuboideum. Lengthening was done with a plexiglas wedge. A total of 24 radiological double examinations were obtained. Two feet were excluded due to loose and poorly dispersed markers. Precision was assessed as systematic bias and 95% repeatability limits. Results Systematic bias was generally below 0.10 mm for translations. Precision of migration measurements was below 0.2 mm for translations in the osteotomy. Conclusion RSA is a precise tool for the evaluation of stability in LCLO. Cite this article: Bone Joint Res 2015;4:78–83. PMID:25957380

  14. The skeletal stability after maxillo-mandibular osteotomy with a "physiological positioning strategy".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohba, Seigo; Nakao, Noriko; Nakatani, Yuya; Kawasaki, Takako; Minamizato, Tokutarou; Koga, Takamitsu; Kohara, Haruka; Yoshida, Noriaki; Asahina, Izumi

    2014-12-01

    The aim of this study was to estimate skeletal and dental stability after maxillomandibular osteotomy with physiological positioning. Ten patients (7 men and 3 women) with skeletal mandibular prognathism were treated by conventional Le Fort I osteotomy for the maxilla and unfixed short lingual osteotomy for the mandible together with physiological positioning. We used cephalometric analysis to evaluate the skeletal and dental stability preoperatively, immediately after maxillomandibular osteotomy, and more than 1 year later. The immediately postoperative measurements for the SNA and the SN-palatal planes were 0.15° (p=0.67) and 1.0° (p=0.17), respectively. The positions of the anterior nasal spine, posterior nasal spine, and A point showed minimal changes 1 year postoperatively. The postoperative difference for SNB was 0.76° (p=0.04). Dental stability was apparent postoperatively. We conclude that reliable stability of both the maxilla and the mandible was achieved after maxillomandibular osteotomy with physiological positioning in patients with mandibular prognathism.

  15. L5 pedicle subtraction osteotomy for high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radcliff, Kristen E; Jakoi, Andre M

    2015-04-01

    To the authors' knowledge, this is the first article to present a pedicle subtraction osteotomy in the lumbar spine to correct and stabilize a high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis, which poses many challenges with regard to treatment options and outcomes. The optimal surgical treatment for high-grade spondylolisthesis is controversial, but the goals of treatment are to stabilize the affected spinal levels and to decompress the neural elements. A pedicle subtraction osteotomy is a reconstructive procedure that addresses fixed sagittal imbalance by increasing lumbar lordosis through posterior spinal column shortening. The authors report a 46-year-old patient with chronic, progressively worsening back and leg radiculopathy accompanied by sagittal plane malalignment and for which a pedicle subtraction osteotomy was performed. The procedure yielded stabilization of the patient's lumbar spondylolisthesis and sagittal plane alignment was restoration. At 3 months postoperatively, the patient's pain had fully resolved and her motor and neurologic examination exhibited no deficits. At 24 months postoperatively, she was still symptom-free and ambulating without assistance. This report is the first documented successful pedicle subtraction osteotomy in the treatment of high-grade spondylolisthesis. This report indicates that certain patient populations may be amenable to pedicle subtraction osteotomy as a treatment option for pathology involving high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis.

  16. An Anatomic Study of the Percutaneous Endoscopically Assisted Calcaneal Osteotomy Technique to Correct Hindfoot Malalignment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veljkovic, Andrea; Tennant, Joshua; Rungprai, Chamnanni; Abbas, Kaniza Zahra; Phisitkul, Phinit

    2017-02-01

    Open calcaneal osteotomy using traditional methods is associated with complications such as sural nerve injury and potential wound healing problems. We hypothesized that by using novel minimally invasive techniques, these potential risks could be mitigated. This anatomic cadaveric study serves to assess the safety of percutaneous endoscopically assisted calcaneal osteotomy (PECO) compared to a traditional open osteotomy technique. Anatomic safety of PECO was assessed using 8 fresh-frozen cadaver below-knee specimens. Lateral calcaneal nerve (LCN) damage was primarily noted and then secondly compared to a potential open surgical incision approach. Only 1 of 11 LCN branches (n = 8 limbs) was transected using PECO, compared to up to 8 of 10 LCN branches (n = 6 limbs) that potentially would have been injured during open surgery. Percutaneous endoscopically assisted calcaneal osteotomy is a minimally invasive technique that had fewer nerve injuries in this cadaveric model than traditional open surgery. Percutaneous endoscopically assisted calcaneal osteotomy due to its less invasive nature may result in fewer neurovascular injuries relative to an open procedure.

  17. Virtual Bernese osteotomy using three-dimensional computed tomography in hip dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suh, Dong Hun; Lee, Dae Hee; Jeong, Woong Kyo; Park, Sang Won; Kang, Chang Ho; Lee, Soon Hyuck

    2012-04-01

    Accurate assessment of acetabular morphology and its relationship to the femoral head is essential for planning a periacetabular osteotomy. We observed the acetabular coverage after virtual Bernese osteotomy using computer-aided technique. Three-dimensional computed tomography of 18 normal hips and 3 symptomatic dysplastic hips were analyzed. Through the center of the femoral head, vertical images were obtained at 10° intervals from 0° to 180° of rotation, using multiplanar reformation technique. Subsequently we measured 19 center-edge angles (CEAs) from each acetabulum. Four types of virtual osteotomy were performed on the three dysplastic hips. The adequacy of acetabular coverage after osteotomy was determined by comparing CEAs after correction with normal CEAs. Pearson correlation coefficients between the CEAs measured from normal cases and postoperative cases after lateral rotation of osteotomized fragments were 0.906 in case 1, 0.975 in case 2, 0.976 in case 3. Additional anterior rotation increased anterior acetabular coverage and simultaneously decreased posterior coverage in all three cases. Computer-aided virtual surgery technique based on three-dimensional computed tomography information enabled acetabular coverage to be quantified preoperatively in Bernese osteotomy. Lateral rotation of osteotomized acetabular fragments improved anterior and posterior coverage as well as lateral coverage.

  18. Complications associated with the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy for hip dysplasia in adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thawrani, Dinesh; Sucato, Daniel J; Podeszwa, David A; DeLaRocha, Adriana

    2010-07-21

    The Bernese (Ganz) periacetabular osteotomy is an effective surgical procedure to reorient the acetabulum, allowing restoration of anatomic femoral head coverage and medial translation of the hip in adults with hip dysplasia. However, it is a challenging surgical procedure, and we know of no study that has specifically analyzed the complications and associated factors seen with this procedure in adolescent patients. A retrospective clinical and radiographic review of a consecutive series of adolescent patients who underwent a Bernese periacetabular osteotomy for hip dysplasia was conducted. Eighty-three osteotomies were performed in seventy-six patients with an average age (and standard deviation) of 15.6 +/- 2.4 years. Significant improvement from the preoperative to the two-year follow-up evaluation was seen radiographically with regard to the lateral center-edge angle (-0.14 degrees to 35.5 degrees), the ventral center-edge angle (-5.13 degrees to 31.3 degrees), and the femoral head extrusion index (38.4% to 7.7%) (p Bernese periacetabular osteotomy is a joint-preserving procedure that very effectively corrects acetabular dysplasia in adolescent patients, providing improved radiographic results and a low rate of complications. Although the rate of minor complications is increased when there is an underlying diagnosis other than developmental dysplasia, no other predictors were identified. However, a major complication is more likely with a longer duration of surgery and with a concomitant femoral varus osteotomy.

  19. Midterm results following medial closed wedge distal femoral osteotomy stabilized with a locking internal fixation device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forkel, Philipp; Achtnich, Andrea; Metzlaff, Sebastian; Zantop, Thore; Petersen, Wolf

    2015-07-01

    Aim of this study was to evaluate the subjective and radiological outcome and to evaluate the complications of a medial closing wedge osteotomy at the femur for lateral osteoarthritis with genu valgum. Twenty-three patients with grade III to IV cartilage damage and valgus knee alignment were treated with medial closing wedge osteotomy at the distal femur. The osteotomy was stabilized with an internal plate fixator. Age varied between 25 and 55 years (mean 47 years). One patient was lost to final follow-up. After 3.5 years, all Knee Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) subitems increased significantly. There was no significant difference in the subgroup analysis of KOOS subitems for patients with and without microfracture or age (>50 vs. <50 years). There were no perioperative complications. One patient had an overcorrection. All, but one osteotomy, showed stable bone healing. There was a loss of correction due to delayed bone healing in one case. Possible explanations for this complication were injury of the lateral cortex or smoking. This case required revision with bone graft and an additional lateral plate. In no case, a conversion to an endoprosthesis was necessary. The femoral medial closing wedge osteotomy is a surgical method for improving symptoms of lateral osteoarthritis in the valgus knee. IV.

  20. Piezoelectric osteotomy in hand surgery: first experiences with a new technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaenel Oliver Von

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In hand and spinal surgery nerve lesions are feared complications with the use of standard oscillating saws. Oral surgeons have started using a newly developed ultrasound bone scalpel when performing precise osteotomies. By using a frequency of 25–29 kHz only mineralized tissue is cut, sparing the soft tissue. This reduces the risk of nerve lesions. As there is a lack of experience with this technique in the field of orthopaedic bone surgery, we performed the first ultrasound osteotomy in hand surgery. Method While performing a correctional osteotomy of the 5th metacarpal bone we used the Piezosurgery® Device from Mectron [Italy] instead of the usual oscillating saw. We will report on our experience with one case, with a follow up time of one year. Results The cut was highly precise and there were no vibrations of the bone. The time needed for the operation was slightly longer than the time needed while using the usual saw. Bone healing was good and at no point were there any neurovascular disturbances. Conclusion The Piezosurgery® Device is useful for small long bone osteotomies. Using the fine tip enables curved cutting and provides an opportunity for new osteotomy techniques. As the device selectively cuts bone we feel that this device has great potential in the field of hand- and spinal surgery.

  1. Valgus osteotomy of the tibia with a Puddu plate combined with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

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    Albuquerque Roberto Freire da Mota e

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Anterior knee instability associated with a varus deformity is a complex condition with several treatment possibilities. Among these, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL associated to a simultaneous valgus tibial osteotomy is a increasing indication. This simultaneous procedure adds technical issues to those related to the isolated surgeries. Thus, the osteotomy plane and location of fixation hardware shouldn?t conflict with tibial tunnel and ACL graft fixation. Authors analyze the relations between a opening tibial valgus osteotomy stabilized with a Puddu plate and ACL reconstruction with a patellar tendon graft fixated with interference screws in 10 human cadaver knees. A straight oblique tibial osteotomy starting on the medial tibial cortex and oriented laterally and proximally was performed on all knees with a 10mm opening medially and stabilized with a Puddu plate on the most posterior aspect of the medial tibia, and a tibial tunnel drilled 50° to tibial plateau. With this technique there was no intersection between tibial tunnel or interference screw and the osteotomy or the plate fixation screws.

  2. Splintless surgery : does patient-specific CAD-CAM osteosynthesis improve accuracy of Le Fort I osteotomy?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kraeima, J.; Jansma, J.; Schepers, R. H.

    2016-01-01

    To analyse the accuracy of maxillary positioning after Le Fort I osteotomy, we retrospectively assessed the outcome in three patients (mean (range) age 40 (21 60) years) who had been treated with patient-specific CAD-CAM osteosynthesis plates as part of a bimaxillary osteotomy. Virtual surgical

  3. Comparison of Postoperative Height Changes of the Second Metatarsal Among 3 Osteotomy Methods for Hallux Valgus Deformity Correction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Jun Young; Suh, Yu Min; Yeom, Ji Woong; Suh, Jin Soo

    2017-01-01

    We aimed to compare the postoperative height of the second metatarsal head relative to the first metatarsal head using axial radiographs among 3 different commonly used osteotomy techniques: proximal chevron metatarsal osteotomy (PCMO), scarf osteotomy, and distal chevron metatarsal osteotomy (DCMO). We retrospectively reviewed the radiographs and clinical findings of the patients with painful callosities under the second metatarsal head, complicated by hallux valgus, who underwent isolated PCMO, scarf osteotomy, or DCMO from February 2005 to January 2015. Each osteotomy was performed with 20 degrees of plantar ward obliquity. Along with lateral translation and rotation of the distal fragment to correct the deformity, lowering of the first metatarsal head was made by virtue of the oblique metatarsal osteotomy. Significant postoperative change in the second metatarsal height was observed on axial radiographs in all groups; this value was greatest in the PCMO group (vs scarf: P = .013; vs DCMO: P = .008) but did not significantly differ between the scarf and DCMO groups ( P = .785). The power for second metatarsal height correction was significantly greater in the PCMO group (vs scarf: P = .0005; vs DCMO: P = .0005) but did not significantly differ between the scarf and DCMO groups ( P = .832). Among the 3 osteotomy techniques commonly used to correct hallux valgus deformity, we observed that PCMO yielded the most effective height change of the second metatarsal head. Level III, retrospective comparative series.

  4. Delayed gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of cartilage to predict early failure of Bernese periacetabular osteotomy for hip dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham, Torin; Jessel, Rebecca; Zurakowski, David; Millis, Michael B; Kim, Young-Jo

    2006-07-01

    Hip dysplasia leads to abnormal loading of articular cartilage, which results in osteoarthritis. Pelvic osteotomies such as the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy can improve the mechanics of the joint, but the results are variable and appear to depend on the amount of preexisting arthritis. Delayed gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of cartilage (dGEMRIC) is a technique designed to measure early arthritis, and it potentially could be used to select hips with too severe arthritis to benefit from a joint-preserving reconstructive procedure. The purpose of our study was to identify radiographic, clinical, and magnetic resonance imaging measurements that predict failure after pelvic osteotomy. We performed a cohort study of forty-seven patients undergoing a Bernese periacetabular osteotomy for the treatment of hip dysplasia. Our goal was to identify preoperative radiographic factors, such as the grade of arthritis, joint congruency, and the dGEMRIC index, that are associated with a poor outcome after osteotomy. Hips in which the osteotomy did not fail had a significant decrease in pain compared with their status preoperatively (p Bernese periacetabular osteotomy for the treatment of hip dysplasia can decrease pain and improve function in symptomatic dysplastic hips. The dGEMRIC index, as an early measure of osteoarthritis, appears to be useful for identifying poor candidates for a pelvic osteotomy. Prognostic Level II. See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

  5. Postoperative volume increase of facial soft tissue after percutaneous versus endonasal osteotomy technique in rhinoplasty using 3D stereophotogrammetry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Loon, B. van; Heerbeek, N. van; Maal, T.J.J.; Borstlap, W.A.; Ingels, K.J.A.O.; Schols, J.G.J.H.; Berge, S.J.

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: When lateral osteotomies are performed as part of a rhinoplasty, the nose and paranasal region invariably change in three dimensions. The PURPOSE of this study is to compare the effect of the percutaneous perforating and endonasal continuous osteotomy techniques concerning the degree of

  6. Inflammatory Neuropathy of the Lumbosacral Plexus following Periacetabular Osteotomy

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    Stijn Ghijselings

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. During periacetabular osteotomy (PAO, the sciatic, femoral, and obturator nerves are at risk. Most frequently nerve lesions can be attributed to a mechanical cause; however, in the absence of a clear mechanical cause surgeons are faced with a diagnostic problem and in many cases no diagnosis will be established. We report a case of inflammatory neuropathy of the lumbosacral plexus following a PAO. Case Presentation. A 31-year-old female developed weakness of ankle and knee flexion and extension 6 months after a PAO. Electrophysiological studies revealed damage to the obturator, femoral, and sciatic nerve consistent with an inflammatory lumbosacral plexopathy. MRI of the lumbosacral plexus was normal. The patient was treated with multimodal pain therapy and prolonged physiotherapy; nevertheless, symptoms worsened over time. At 2-year follow-up, there were no signs of recovery. Discussion. Inflammatory neuropathy of the lumbosacral plexus is a potential cause of pain and weakness after ipsilateral orthopaedic procedures. It should be distinguished from more frequently encountered mechanical causes of postsurgical neuropathy based on clinical suspicion, electrophysiological studies, MRI, and nerve biopsy. It is important that the orthopaedic community is aware of this complication since there is some evidence that early recognition and initiation of immunosuppressive therapy can lead to improved clinical outcome.

  7. Ulnar or radial shortening osteotomy with a single saw cut.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sraj, Shafic A; Budoff, Jeffrey E

    2009-09-01

    To determine which currently commercially available saw blades could be held at 45 degrees to the bone to reproducibly provide 2.0, 2.5, and 3.0 mm of ulna or radius shortening. Commercially available saw blades were tested for their ability to achieve the osseous shortening at a 45 degrees angle cut. When held at a 45 degrees angle to the bone, 2 Stryker 0.64-mm-thick blades achieved a mean shortening of 2.0 mm. A single Linvatec 1.2-mm-thick blade achieved a mean osseous shortening of 2.1 mm. Two Dyonics 0.65-mm-thick blades achieved a mean osseous shortening of 2.7 mm. Two Dyonics 0.89-mm-thick saw blades achieved a mean osseous shortening of 3.1 mm. Three Stryker 0.38-mm-thick saw blades mounted with the middle blade "upside down" with regard to the 2 outer blades achieved a mean osseous shortening of 3.2 mm. Two Linvatec 0.8-mm-thick saw blades achieved a mean osseous shortening of 3.1 mm. The findings of this study can help guide surgeons who desire to reproducibly shorten the ulna or radius by 2.0, 2.7, or 3.2 mm using a single saw cut to ensure a parallel osteotomy gap.

  8. Osteotomies through a fusion mass in the lumbar spine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vital, Jean-Marc; Boissière, Louis; Bourghli, Anouar; Castelain, Jean-Etienne; Challier, Vincent; Obeid, Ibrahim

    2015-01-01

    Flat-back syndrome is one of the main causes of surgical failure after lumbar fusion and can lead to a revision surgery to correct it. Three-column pedicle subtraction osteotomy is an efficient technique to restore lumbar lordosis (LL) for fixed sagittal malalignment. The fusion mass stemming from the past surgeries makes the procedure demanding as most anatomical landmarks are missing. This review article will focus on the correction of this lack of LL through the fusion mass. We will successively review the preoperative management, the surgical specificities, and various types of clinical cases that can be encountered in flat-back syndromes. PSO in the fixed fusion mass is technically demanding. Preoperative CT-scan and preoperative navigation allow us to push the limits when anatomical landmarks disappear. Bleeding and neurologic are the two major complications feared by the surgeon. The best way to avoid these revision surgeries is to restore a proper lumbar lordosis at the time of initial surgery by considering lumbo-pelvic indexes.

  9. Bone scintigraphy and magnetic resonance imaging after transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy

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    Iwasada, Seiki; Hasegawa, Yukiharu; Iwase, Tosiki; Kitamura, Shinji; Iwata, Hisashi [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya University School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, 466 (Japan)

    1999-05-01

    Objective. To assess the ability of bone scintigraphy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to predict the outcome of transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy (TRO) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). Design. This study was a prospective evaluation of imaging techniques. Patients and methods. MRI and bone scintigraphy were performed on 20 hips in 18 patients at 3 months after TRO. The radiographic findings at 3 months after TRO, and the MRI and bone scintigraphic findings, were compared with the radiographic findings at final follow-up (mean 39 months). Results and conclusions. On MRI a low-intensity area or a low-intensity band in the new weight-bearing area extending over the acetabular edge on T1-weighted images was related to the presence of collapse on the radiographs at final follow-up. In hips with an area of absent activity in the new weight-bearing surface on bone scintigraphy, collapse was seen more frequently on radiographs at final follow-up than in hips without this feature. Bone scintigraphy was no more specific than radiography in predicting the outcome after TRO. We consider MRI to be superior to bone scintigraphy in predicting the occurrence of collapse, which is one of the major short-term problems after TRO. (orig.) With 8 figs., 4 tabs., 15 refs.

  10. Prediction of neurosensory alterations after sagittal split ramus osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuroyanagi, N; Miyachi, H; Ochiai, S; Kamiya, N; Kanazawa, T; Nagao, T; Shimozato, K

    2013-07-01

    Prediction of neurosensory deficit in the lower lip and chin after sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) is challenging. This study aimed to elucidate factors related to the development and improvement of neurosensory disturbance (NSD) after SSRO with respect to surgical procedure and the anatomical and structural characteristics of the craniomaxillofacial skeleton. Subjects comprised 50 patients treated by a single experienced surgeon. Anatomical data and landmarks were obtained by computed tomography (CT) imaging. There was a significant difference between patients with or without NSD for the surgical space on the medial side of mandibular ramus 1 week after SSRO (P=0.006). Less than 15.0mm between the lingula and mandibular notch (relative risk, 6.7; 95% CI, 1.7-33.8) and 195.0mm(2) or more space on the medial side of the mandibular ramus (relative risk, 17.2; 95% CI, 3.9-100.4) indicated a significant risk of NSD development at 6 months postoperatively. These results suggested that the development of NSD is related to the surgical space on the medial side of the mandibular ramus and subsequent manipulation of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) in that region. Limited periosteal degloving prevents excessive stretching of the IAN during SSRO, thus lowering NSD incidence.

  11. Cholesteatoma after lateral bulla osteotomy in two brachycephalic dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuenemann, Riccarda Martina; Oechtering, Gerhard

    2012-01-01

    This report describes a French bulldog and a pug that presented to the authors' hospital following total ear canal ablation (TECA) and lateral bulla osteotomy (LBO), with signs of recurring otitis media and difficulty opening their mouths. The bulldog also had unilateral facial paralysis and sensory deficits of the trigeminal nerve on the ipsilateral side. Computed tomography and MRI scans suggested cholesteatoma in the bulldog, but showed only slight enlargement of the bulla in the pug. Histopathologic examination of samples yielded cholesteatoma in both cases. The authors suspect that development of the cholesteatomas was linked to the TECA/LBO surgery in both cases. Cholesteatomas may occur more frequently than currently thought. Even if only slight changes of the bulla wall are detected on CT, early-stage cholesteatoma should be considered. The narrow anatomic conditions in brachycephalic dogs possibly predispose such breeds to develop cholesteatoma after middle ear surgery because complete removal of all inflammatory and epithelial tissue can be more difficult than in other breeds. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of an aural cholesteatoma causing sensory deficits of the trigeminal nerve.

  12. Segmental Maxillary Osteotomies in Conjunction With Bimaxillary Orthognathic Surgery: Indications - Safety - Outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Posnick, Jeffrey C; Adachie, Anayo; Choi, Elbert

    2016-07-01

    The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the indications, safety, and treating orthodontists' assessment of outcomes after bimaxillary orthognathic surgery that included segmental osteotomies. We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients treated by a single surgeon from 2004 to 2013. The index group consisted of a consecutive series of subjects with a bimaxillary dentofacial deformity (DFD) involving the chin and symptomatic chronic obstructive nasal breathing. All the subjects underwent Le Fort I osteotomy, bilateral sagittal ramus osteotomy, septoplasty, inferior turbinate reduction, and osseous genioplasty. The predictor variables included age, gender, pattern of presenting DFD, type of maxillary osteotomy, and maxillary premolar extractions. The outcome variables included orthodontist assessment of the results achieved and the occurrence of maxillary complications. The orthodontist assessment was documented through a survey questionnaire completed 1 to 11 years after surgery. The maxillary complications studied included gingival recession, pulpal injury, oronasal fistula, and the need for hardware removal. During the study period, 262 subjects met the inclusion criteria. Their age at surgery averaged 25 years (range 13 to 63), and 134 were female (51%). The major patterns of the presenting DFD included long face (30%) and maxillary deficiency (25%). Of the 262 subjects, 66 (25%) underwent maxillary premolar extractions to relieve dental compensations. Also, 30% of the subjects presented for preoperative reassessment with a posterior arch form of skeletal anomaly. They underwent 2-segment Le Fort I osteotomy, and 34% presented with both posterior arch form and curve of Spee skeletal anomalies. They underwent 3-segment Le Fort I osteotomy. The subjects who had not undergone preoperative maxillary premolar extractions were more likely to have undergone 3-segment Le Fort I osteotomy (P = .008). No direct surgical injury occurred to a dental root

  13. New Technique: A Novel Femoral Derotation Osteotomy for Malrotation following Intramedullary Nailing

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    S. Jagernauth

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A 19-year-old female patient sustained a closed spiral midshaft femoral fracture and subsequently underwent femoral intramedullary nail insertion. At followup she complained of difficulty in walking and was found to have a unilateral in-toeing gait. CT imaging revealed 30 degrees of internal rotation at the fracture site, which had healed. A circumferential osteotomy was performed distal to the united fracture site using a Gigli saw with the intramedullary femoral nail in situ. The static distal interlocking screws were removed and the malrotation was corrected. Two further static distal interlocking screws were inserted to secure the intramedullary nail in position. The osteotomy went on to union and her symptoms of pain, walking difficulty, and in-toeing resolved. Our paper is the first to describe a technique for derotation osteotomy following intramedullary malreduction that leaves the intramedullary nail in situ.

  14. Triple pelvic osteotomy: Report of our mid-term results and review of literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mimura, Tomohiro; Mori, Kanji; Kawasaki, Taku; Imai, Shinji; Matsusue, Yoshitaka

    2014-01-01

    A wide variety of pelvic osteotomies have been developed for the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). In the present paper, we present a detailed review of previous studies of triple osteotomy as an alternative treatment for DDH. We also report our experience treating 6 adult cases of DDH by triple osteotomy in order to highlight the various aspects of this procedure.The mean age of our patients was 31.2 years with a mean follow-up period of 6 years. We assessed range of motion, center-edge angle, acetabular index angle, Sharp angle, acetabulum head index, head lateralization index, Japanese Orthopedic Association score, Harris hip score, patient satisfaction, and the difference between lower limb lengths before and after the procedure. At final follow-up, clinical scores were significantly improved and radiographic parameters also showed good correction of acetabulum. PMID:24649410

  15. Bone repair inhibited by indomethacin. Effects on bone metabolism and strength of rabbit osteotomies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keller, J.; Buenger, C.; Andreassen, T.T.; Bak, B.; Lucht, U.

    1987-01-01

    We measured mineral content, maximum bending strength, and regional blood flow after tibial osteotomy fixed with a small metal plate in 38 rabbits. Half of the animals were treated with indomethacin (10 mg/kg/day) while the other half served as controls. After 2 and 6 weeks, the bone mineral content and maximum bending strength were lower in the indomethacin group when compared with the controls. Compared with the controls, the blood flow at the osteotomy site was decreased after 2 weeks and increased after 6 weeks in the indomethacintreated animals. Inhibition of blood flow increase by indomethacin medication in the early period following osteotomy, as well as retarded bone healing, are probably caused by inhibition of the inflammatory reaction.

  16. Reconstruction of neglected developmental dysplasia by total hip arthroplasty with subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atilla, Bülent

    2016-03-01

    Patients with neglected developmental dysplasia (DDH) face with early osteoarthritis of the hip, limb length inequality and marked disability while total hip reconstruction is the only available choice.DDH has severe morphologic consequences, with distorted bony anatomy and soft tissue contractures around the hip. It is critical to evaluate patients thoroughly before surgery.Anatomic reconstruction at the level of true acetabulum with uncemented implant is the mainstay of treatment. This requires a subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy, which can be realised using different osteotomy and fixation options.Although a demanding technique with a high rate of related complications, once anatomic reconstruction of the hip is achieved, patients have a remarkably good functional capacity and implant survival during long follow-up periods. Cite this article: Atilla B. Reconstruction of neglected developmental dysplasia by total hip arthroplasty with subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy. EFORT Open Rev 2016;1:65-71. DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.1.000026.

  17. Single-Tooth Osteotomy Using Piezoelectric Devices to Treat an Ankylosed Maxillary Molar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    You, Tae Min; Kang, Joon Hyun; Kim, Kee-Deog; Park, Wonse

    2016-01-01

    Single-tooth osteotomy is a surgical technique in which the tooth and adjacent bone with sufficient soft tissue are repositioned in a single step or moved orthodontically. It is not used in the maxillary posterior region because of poor accessibility, bleeding complications, and anatomical limitations such as the maxillary sinus. However, the development of piezoelectric surgical devices and the popularization of the sinus floor elevation procedure have simplified the approach to the posterior maxillary area. This article reports two cases of single-tooth osteotomy of ankylosed teeth that were performed safely in the posterior maxilla with the use of a piezoelectric device and a sinus membrane elevation. In addition, several merits of this approach as compared with conventional osteotomy are described.

  18. One-Stage Computer-Assisted Total Knee Arthroplasty and Tibial Osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denjean, S; Chatain, F; Tayot, O

    2017-03-02

    Same-stage tibial osteotomy may deserve consideration in candidates to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) who have severe bone deformities, particularly at extra-articular sites. This strategy obviates the need for either a major and technically difficult ligament release procedure, which may compromise ligament balancing, or the use of a semi-constrained prosthesis. This technical note describes a one-stage, computer-assisted technique consisting in TKA followed by corrective tibial osteotomy to obtain an overall mechanical axis close to 180° without extensive ligament balancing. This technique provided satisfactory outcomes in 8 patients followed-up for at least 3 years, with no specific complications or ligament instability and with a hip-knee-ankle angle close to 180°. After planning, intra-operative computer assistance ensures accurate determination of both implant position and the degree of correction achieved by the osteotomy.

  19. High Le Fort I osteotomy for correction of mid-face deformity in Crouzon syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakajima, Yasumichi; Nakano, Hiroyuki; Sumida, Tomoki; Yamada, Tomohiro; Inoue, Kazuya; Sugiyama, Goro; Mishima, Katsuaki; Mori, Yoshihide

    2016-09-01

    An 18-year-old woman with mild Crouzon syndrome was referred with malocclusion and mandibular protrusion. Examination revealed Class III canine and molar relationships, hypoplastic maxilla, 1-mm overbite, and -2-mm overjet. Analysis showed 69° sella-nasion-A, 73.6° sella-nasion-B, and -4.6° A point-nasion-B point angles. Polysomnography revealed respiratory disturbance and 6.3% oxygen desaturation indices of 5.4/h and 9.0/h. We performed double-jaw surgery using high Le Fort I osteotomy and bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy for midfacial deformity correction. Twelve months post-surgery, her measures were 70.8°, 72°, -1.2°, 3.0/h, and 6.1/h, respectively. Esthetics were satisfactory. High Le Fort I osteotomy is effective for midfacial deformity correction in patients with Crouzon syndrome. © 2016 Japanese Teratology Society.

  20. The horizontal and stepped osteotomy technique for mandibular reconstruction using fibular free flap.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleid, Wesam; Jones, Keith; Laugharne, David

    2011-09-01

    The mandible is an important component of the orofacial skeleton, and resection of part of the mandible as part of head and neck oncological procedures can have dramatic impact on both function and cosmesis. In this article, we describe a new technique in the resection osteotomy and flap fixation that improves the stability and aesthetic outcome of the reconstruction. The mandibular resection is performed utilizing a horizontal osteotomy above the mandibular angle on one side and a stepped body or angle osteotomy on the other side. Our technique is unique as it allows flexibility in adjusting the chin point projection to give the best possible aesthetic outcome; it allows more bone-to-bone contact, which increases the stability; it reduces rotation; and it allows for use of miniplate fixation, facilitating future rehabilitation with implants. We have been using this technique with great success in our hospital, and we recommend its use for its improved flexibility, stability, and aesthetic outcome.

  1. Pseudoarthrosis of the ilium after periacetabular osteotomy that was treated by cemented total hip arthroplasty: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanaji, Arihiko; Nishiwaki, Toru; Oya, Akihito; Maehara, Kazuyuki; Maehara, Hideki; Oishi, Teruyo; Yamada, Harumoto; Suda, Yasunori; Nakamura, Masaya; Matsumoto, Morio

    2016-05-06

    Preserving the hip joint to delay arthroplasty for patients with acetabular dysplasia-associated early-stage osteoarthritis has become more common, and several surgical procedures have demonstrated pain relief and improved hip joint function. Periacetabular osteotomy, one of the joint-preserving surgical procedures of the hip, provides favorable outcomes, although there are no reports of total hip arthroplasty being used to treat pseudoarthrosis of the periacetabular osteotomy segment. Therefore, we report a case of pseudoarthrosis in the osteotomy segment after periacetabular osteotomy. The patient was treated using modified total hip arthroplasty and achieved a favorable short-term outcome. A 62-year-old Japanese woman was diagnosed with bilateral acetabular dysplasia at the age of 50 years, and underwent right and left periacetabular osteotomy at the ages of 52 and 55 years, respectively. When she was 61-years old, she experienced repeated episodes of left coxalgia during walking, with increasing pain at rest, and subsequently visited our department. Plain radiography and computed tomography of her left hip joint confirmed pseudoarthrosis of the periacetabular osteotomy segment. In addition, narrowing of her left hip joint space was observed, which indicated advanced osteoarthritis of the hip. Therefore, she underwent left total hip arthroplasty when she was 62-years old. During the surgery, fibrous fusion of the periacetabular osteotomy segment was confirmed via fluoroscopy, although no abnormal mobility was observed. Thus, the osteotomy segment was fixed with one absorbable screw and two bone pegs (which were prepared using allogeneic bone), and the acetabular cup was fixed using cement. Her postoperative course was generally favorable and bone fusion of the periacetabular osteotomy segment was confirmed at 3 years and 6 months after surgery. Her modified Harris hip score was 43 before the surgery and had improved to 90 at the final follow-up. Modified total

  2. The effect of femoral neck osteotomy on femoral component position of a primary cementless total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimitriou, Dimitris; Tsai, Tsung-Yuan; Kwon, Young-Min

    2015-12-01

    The aim of this study was to quantify the femoral canal diameter and version at different femoral neck osteotomy locations, and to investigate the effect of the osteotomy plane on femoral component position in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Preoperative and postoperative three-dimensional models were reconstructed in 15 patients (19 hips) who underwent primary cementless THA with tapered non-anatomical femoral stem. On the pre-operative models, the osteotomy plane was simulated at different levels (-5, 0, 5, and 10 mm from the femoral saddle [piriformis fossa]) and angles (30, 40, 50, and 60° from the femoral anatomical axis). Medullary canal version and mediolateral diameter were measured on the osteotomy surfaces. On the postoperative models, the femoral neck osteotomy plane, stem anteversion and alignment were measured. The average canal diameter ranged from 22.8 to 26.3 mm at different osteotomy levels and from 20.8 to 29.0 mm at different osteotomy angles. The average canal version ranged from 11.4 to 23.2° at different resection levels and from 12.8 to 21° at different resection angles. The femoral stem anteversion was correlated with neck osteotomy angle (R = 0.72), whereas stem alignment in frontal plane (varus/valgus) was correlated with neck osteotomy level (R = 0.87). The femoral neck osteotomy plane in THA affects the postoperative stem position due to the complex morphology of the proximal femoral medullary canal, suggesting that both femoral neck resection level and angle should be considered in optimizing femoral component alignment in THA patients.

  3. Results of Corrective Osteotomy and Treatment Strategy for Ankylosing Spondylitis with Kyphotic Deformity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Ki-Tack; Park, Dae-Hyun; Lee, Sang-Hun; Lee, Jung-Hee

    2015-09-01

    To report the radiological and clinical results after corrective osteotomy in ankylosing spondylitis patients. Furthermore, this study intended to classify the types of deformity and to suggest appropriate surgical treatment options. We retrospectively analyzed ankylosing spondylitis patients who underwent corrective osteotomy between 1996 and 2009. The radiographic assessments included the sagittal vertical axis (SVA), spinopelvic alignment parameters, correction angle, correction loss, type of deformity related to the location of the apex, and the craniocervical range of motion (CCROM). The clinical outcomes were assessed by the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores. A total of 292 corrective osteotomies were performed in 248 patients with a mean follow-up of 40.1 months (range, 24 to 78 months). There were 183 cases of single pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO), 19 cases of multiple Smith-Petersen osteotomy (SPO), 17 cases of PSO + SPO, 14 cases of single SPO, six cases of posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR), five cases of PSO + partial pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PPSO), and four cases of PPSO. The mean correction angles were 31.9° ± 11.7° with PSO, 14.3° ± 8.4° with SPO, 38.3° ± 12.7° with PVCR, and 19.3° ± 7.1° with PPSO. The thoracolumbar type was the most common. The outcome analysis showed a significant improvement in the ODI score (p ankylosing spondylitis, resulting in satisfactory outcomes with acceptable complications. The CCROM and postoperative SVA were important factors in determining the outcome.

  4. Mini-Invasive floating metatarsal osteotomy for resistant or recurrent neuropathic plantar metatarsal head ulcers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamir, Eran; Finestone, Aharon S; Avisar, Erez; Agar, Gabriel

    2016-07-11

    Patients with peripheral neuropathy and pressure under a relatively plantar deviated metatarsal head frequently develop plantar foot ulcers. When conservative management with orthotics and shoes does not cure the ulcer, surgical metatarsal osteotomy may be indicated to relieve the pressure and enable the ulcer to heal. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of a mini-invasive floating metatarsal osteotomy in treating recalcitrant ulcers or recurrent ulcers plantar to the metatarsal heads in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) related neuropathy. Computerized medical files of patients with diabetic neuropathy treated with an osteotomy during 2013 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. There were 20 osteotomies performed on 17 patients (mean age 58 years). The patients had a diagnosis of DM for a mean of 17 years. All ulcers were University of Texas grade 1A; mean ulcer age was 19 months. After 17/20 operations, the ulcer completely resolved after 6 weeks and did not recur after a mean follow-up of 11.5 months. One patient developed an early post-operative infection with osteomyelitis at the osteotomy site (proximal shaft of the fifth metatarsal) that needed debridement and IV antibiotics. In the other 19 cases, the surgical wound healed within 1 week. Asymptomatic radiological non-union developed in six cases (30 %). Mini-invasive floating metatarsal osteotomy can cure resistant and recurrent University of Texas grade 1A ulcerations plantar to the metatarsal heads in neuropathic patients.

  5. Variables Prognostic for Delayed Union and Nonunion Following Ulnar Shortening Fixed With a Dedicated Osteotomy Plate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaspar, Michael P; Kane, Patrick M; Zohn, Ralph C; Buckley, Taylor; Jacoby, Sidney M; Shin, Eon K

    2016-02-01

    To examine potential risk factors for the development of delayed or nonunion following elective ulnar shortening osteotomy using a dedicated osteotomy plating system. We performed a retrospective review of all patients who underwent elective ulnar shortening using the TriMed single osteotomy dynamic compression plating system by 1 of 2 fellowship-trained hand surgeons over a 5-year period. Demographic data and medical, surgical, and social histories were reviewed. Time to bony union was determined radiographically by a blinded reviewer. Bivariate statistical analysis was performed to examine the effect of explanatory variables on the time to union and the incidence of delayed or nonunion. Those variables associated with the development of delayed or nonunion were used in a multivariate logistic regression model. Complications, including the need for additional surgery, were also recorded. Seventy-two ulnar shortening osteotomy procedures were performed in 69 patients. Delayed union, defined as ≥ 6 months to union, occurred in 8 of 72 cases (11%). Of 72 surgeries, 4 (6%) resulted in nonunions, all of which required additional surgery. Hardware removal was performed in 13 of 72 (18%) of the cases. Time to union was significantly increased in smokers (6 ± 3 months) versus nonsmokers (3 ± 1 months). On multivariable analysis, diabetics and active smokers demonstrated a significantly higher risk of developing delayed union or nonunion. Patient age, sex, body mass index, thyroid disease, worker's compensation status, alcohol use, and amount smoked daily did not have an effect on the time to union or the incidence of delayed or nonunion. Despite the use of an osteotomy-specific plating system, smokers and diabetics were at significantly higher risk for both delayed union and nonunion following elective ulnar shortening osteotomy. Other known risk factors for suboptimal bony healing were not found to have a deleterious effect. Copyright © 2016 American Society for

  6. Surgical Reconstruction of Metatarsal Type Preaxial Polydactyly Using an Amalgamating Osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyle, Matthew J; Hogue, Grant D; Kasser, James R

    2016-09-01

    Polydactyly of the foot is a relatively common condition. Approximately 15% of cases are preaxial, with one third of these cases involving duplication of the metatarsal [metatarsal type preaxial polydactyly (MTPP)].Surgical reconstruction of polydactyly is indicated to improve shoe tolerance. Reconstruction of MTPP has traditionally involved resection of the hypoplastic lateral ray in addition to soft tissue reconstruction to correct hallux varus. Poor postoperative results have frequently been reported, primarily due to residual hallux varus. We present a novel surgical technique for the treatment of children with MTPP presenting with a cosmetic lateral hallux, involving an amalgamating osteotomy that permits retention of the stable medial metatarsotarsal joint while avoiding the complication of residual hallux varus. This was a retrospective case series describing the surgical technique of an amalgamating osteotomy in the treatment of patients with MTPP and a cosmetic lateral hallux. The surgical technique involves corresponding metatarsal osteotomies of the medial and lateral halluces, with amalgamation of the metatarsals and ablation of the residual medial hallux, without the need for extensive soft tissue reconstruction. Clinical and radiologic outcomes were evaluated at a minimum of 2 years postoperatively in 2 patients who underwent this technique. Two children, 1 female and 1 male, underwent an amalgamating osteotomy at the age of 31 and 18 months, respectively. At latest follow-up, 7.3 and 2.8 years after osteotomy, respectively, both patients displayed an excellent functional result according to the Phelps and Grogan clinical outcome scale. Plain radiographs in both cases demonstrated a well-aligned first ray with no growth abnormality and no hallux varus. We have presented a novel surgical technique for the reconstruction of MTPP presenting with a cosmetic lateral hallux, involving an amalgamating osteotomy without extensive soft tissue reconstruction

  7. Calcaneal "Z" osteotomy effect on hindfoot varus after triple arthrodesis in a cadaver model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanolli, Diego H; Glisson, Richard R; Utturkar, Gangadhar M; Eckel, Tobin T; DeOrio, James K

    2014-12-01

    Triple arthrodesis involves subtalar, talonavicular, and calcaneocuboid joint fusion and is performed to relieve pain and correct deformity. Complications include malunion resulting in equinovarus and lateral column overload, which can lead to painful callosities and stress fractures. This study quantified the effectiveness of a closing-wedge calcaneal "Z" osteotomy for correction of the varus condition and reduction of abnormal loading of the lateral border of the foot. Ten fresh-frozen feet were used. Angle meters were attached to the calcaneus and second cuneiform to measure hindfoot and midfoot varus, and pressure sensors were placed under the first and fifth metatarsal heads to document loading of the borders of the foot. Tensile loads were applied to ten extrinsic tendons and the Achilles tendon while an 1187 N axial foot load was applied. Calcaneus and second cuneiform coronal plane angles and medial and lateral plantar pressures were measured initially, after triple fusion-induced varus, and after "Z" osteotomy. The calcaneal "Z" osteotomy had no significant corrective effect, with hindfoot alignment virtually identical before and after the procedure under the described foot loading conditions. Similarly, second cuneiform inclination, representative of midfoot alignment, showed no change from the osteotomy. Medial and lateral peak plantar pressures after calcaneal "Z" osteotomy did not differ from those measured after varus triple fusion. In this cadaver model of varus malunited triple arthrodesis, the closing-wedge calcaneal "Z" osteotomy was ineffective for correction of bone alignment and lateral forefoot overloading under the tested conditions. The results provide additional information on which to base treatment after triple arthrodesis with varus malunion. © The Author(s) 2014.

  8. Custom-made prefabricated titanium miniplates in Le Fort I osteotomies: principles, procedure and clinical insights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philippe, B

    2013-08-01

    This paper describes a new type of miniplate system that is designed and custom made during virtual surgery planning based on an individual patient's osteotomy. These miniplates are prefabricated with commercially pure porous titanium using direct metal laser sintering. The principles that guide the conception and production of this new miniplate are presented. The surgical procedure from the stage of virtual surgery planning until the final Le Fort I osteotomy and bone fixation are described using a case example. Copyright © 2013 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Partial Necrosis of the Mandibular Proximal Segment Following Transoral Vertical Ramus Osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Somi; Kim, Sang Yoon; Kim, Gi-Jung; Jung, Hwi-Dong; Jung, Young-Soo

    2014-05-01

    Transoral vertical ramus osteotomy (TOVRO) procedure can result in a variety of complications. Complications commonly reported include extensive bleeding due to major blood vessel injury, unpredictable fracture, postoperative infection, neurosensory deficit related Inferior alveolar nerve, insufficient osteosynthesis, and temporomandibular joint problem. The authors describe a case of partial necrosis of the mandibular proximal segment following TOVRO, a rarely reported complication. A 37-year-old otherwise healthy woman underwent Lefort l osteotomy and TOVRO to correct mandibular prognathism. Postoperatively, she developed pain and swelling in the right submandibular region and was found to have a partial necrosis of proximal segment.

  10. Brachymetatarsia of the fourth metatarsal, lengthening scarf osteotomy with bone graft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ankit Desai

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A 16-year-old girl presented with left fourth metatarsal shortening causing significant psychological distress. She underwent lengthening scarf osteotomy held with an Omnitech® screw (Biotech International, France with the addition of two 1 cm cancellous cubes (RTI Biologics, United States. A lengthening z-plasty of the extensor tendons and skin were also performed. At 6 weeks the patient was fully weight bearing and at one-year follow up, the patient was satisfied and discharged. A modified technique of lengthening scarf osteotomy is described for congenital brachymatatarsia. This technique allows one stage lengthening through a single incision with graft incorporation by 6 weeks.

  11. Single-Tooth Osteotomy Combined Wide Linear Corticotomy Under Local Anesthesia for Correcting Anterior Protrusion With Ectopically Erupted Canine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iskenderoglu, Nur Serife; Choi, Byung-Joon; Seo, Kyung Won; Lee, Yeon-Ji; Lee, Baek-Soo; Kim, Seong-Hun

    2017-01-01

    This article presents the alternative surgical treatments of both anterior protrusion by carrying out retraction on mandibular anterior fragment, meanwhile applying retraction force on maxilla anterior teeth and ectopically erupted canine with using platelet-rich fibrin (PRF). Anterior segmental osteotomy was combined with linear corticotomy under local anesthesia. The correction of right ectopic canine was achieved through 2 stages. First, dento-osseous osteotomy on palatal side was performed. Then second osteotomy with immediate manual repositioning of the canine with concomitant first premolar extraction was enhanced with PRF, which was prepared by centrifuging patient's blood, applied into buccal side of high canine during osteotomy. Mandibular retraction was accomplished by anterior segmental osteotomy. Single-tooth osteotomy is a more effective surgical method for ankylosed or ectopically erupted tooth in orthodontic treatment. It can reduce the total orthodontic treatment time and root resorption, 1 common complication. Significant improved bone formation was seen with the addition of PRF on noncritical size defects in the animal model. It is reasonable to think that PRF can promote bone regeneration. So early bone formation also can reduce the complication such as postoperative infection. As an alternative to anterior protrusion and ectopically erupted canine treatment, segmental osteotomy and corticotomy combined platelet-rich plasma can enhance orthodontic treatment outcome.

  12. In vitro comparison of tibial plateau leveling osteotomy with and without use of a tibial plateau leveling jig.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmerbach, Kay Ingo; Boeltzig, Christian Konrad Matthias; Reif, Ullrich; Wieser, Jan Carsten; Keller, Thomas; Grevel, Vera

    2007-02-01

    To evaluate the influence of a tibial plateau leveling jig on osteotomy orientation, fragment reduction, and postoperative tibial plateau angle (TPA) during tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO). In vitro experimental study. Large-breed canine cadavers (n=20). TPLO was performed on 40 hindlimbs using 4 methods. Group 1: Jig; dogs in dorsal recumbency with the osteotomy parallel to the distal jig pin. Groups 2-4: No jig; dogs in lateral recumbency with the osteotomy in a vertical orientation (group 2: tibia parallel to the table top; group 3: controlled superimposition of the femoral condyles; group 4: internal rotation of the tibia). Postoperative TPA, fragment reduction, and osteotomy orientation relative to the tibial plateau were compared. Positive or negative values denoted deviation from parallel relative to the tibial plateau. Postoperative TPA, fragment reduction, and proximodistal osteotomy orientation were not significantly different between groups. Craniocaudal osteotomy orientation was significantly different (Ptable surface. TPLO without use of a jig reduces surgical trauma, is less time consuming, and reduces cost.

  13. Percutaneous pelvic osteotomy and intertrochanteric varus shortening osteotomy in nonambulatory GMFCS level IV and V cerebral palsy patients: preliminary report on 30 operated hips.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canavese, Federico; Gomez, Horacio; Kaelin, André; Ceroni, Dimitri; de Coulon, Geraldo

    2013-01-01

    This study evaluated the outcome of severe cerebral palsy patients (Gross Motor Function Classification System level IV and V) treated by simultaneous percutaneous pelvic osteotomy and intertrochanteric varus shortening osteotomy for hip subluxation or dislocation between 2002 and 2011. Twenty-four patients (30 hips) with an average age of 9.4 years (5-16.5) were reviewed at a mean follow-up of 35.9 months (6-96). Percutaneous pelvic osteotomy lasted on average 30 min/patient per side (25-40) and was always performed through a skin incision of 2-3 cm. The migration percentage and acetabular angle were assessed on plain radiographs. The mean Reimers' migration percentage improved from 67.1% (42-100) preoperatively to 7.7% (0-70) at the last follow-up and the mean acetabular angle improved from 31.8° (22-48) to 15.7° (5-27). Five patients presented complications: one redislocation, one bone graft dislodgement, and three with avascular necrosis of the femoral head. This study should be considered as a pilot study. These results indicate that this combined approach is an effective, reliable, and minimally invasive alternative method for the treatment of spastic dislocated hips in severe cerebral palsy patients with an outcome similar to standard techniques reported in the literature.

  14. Three-dimensional virtual simulation of alar width changes following bimaxillary osteotomies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liebregts, J.; Xi, T.; Schreurs, R; Loon, B. van; Berge, S.; Maal, T.

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of three-dimensional (3D) soft tissue simulation of nose width changes following bimaxillary osteotomies and to identify patient- and surgery-related factors that may affect the accuracy of simulation. Sixty patients (mean age 26 years) who

  15. Accuracy of three-dimensional soft tissue simulation in bimaxillary osteotomies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liebregts, J.; Xi, T.; Timmermans, M.; Koning, M.J.J. de; Berge, S.J.; Hoppenreijs, T.J.M.; Maal, T.J.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of an algorithm based on the mass tensor model (MTM) for computerized 3D simulation of soft-tissue changes following bimaxillary osteotomy, and to identify patient and surgery-related factors that may affect the accuracy of the simulation. Sixty

  16. 3D analysis of condylar remodelling and skeletal relapse following bilateral sagittal split advancement osteotomies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Xi, T.; Schreurs, R.; Loon, B. van; Koning, M.J. de; Berge, S.J.; Hoppenreijs, T.J.; Maal, T.J.J.

    2015-01-01

    A major concern in mandibular advancement surgery using bilateral sagittal split osteotomies (BSSO) is potential postoperative relapse. Although the role of postoperative changes in condylar morphology on skeletal relapse was reported in previous studies, no study so far has objectified the precise

  17. Cubitus varus in adults correction with lateral closing wedge osteotomy and fixation with posterior plating

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Pandey

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available To share the result of lateral closing wedge osteotomy and fixation with posterior reconstruction plate in correction of cubitus varus in adults. It is a retrospective case analysis of 8 cases of cubitus varus in adult treated with lateral closing wedge osteotomy through posterior triceps retracting approach. Internal fixation was done with two posterior reconstruction plates. All cases were from 15 to 29 years of age (mean 22.3 with 3 female and 5 male. All had cubitus varus ranging from 15- 28 deg (mean 20.16 deg due to childhood malunited supracondylar fracture of humerus. Indication for operation was cosmetic reason only. Follow up duration was 4-22 months (mean 12.5 months. All the osteotomy united clinically in mean duration of 9 weeks ( range 8-12 weeks with mean carrying angle 8.33 degree in postoperative phase. There was no loss of motion, no loss of fixation, no surgical site infection, nonunion or neurovascular deficit. Lateral closing wedge corrective osteotomy and fixation with posterior reconstruction plate is easy technique with satisfactory result in correction of cubitus varus in adults. Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal,2012,Vol-8,No-2, 49-53 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jcmsn.v8i2.6839

  18. Case report - curved femoral osteotomy for management of medial patellar luxation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Allpass, Maja; Miles, James Edward

    2015-01-01

    Medial patellaluxation kan forårsages af femoral varus hos hund. Førhen har patienter med excessiv femoralvarus været korrigeret ved en lateralt placeret femoral kile-ostektomi. Her præsenteres en case, hvor en buet osteotomi blev anvendt til behandling af medial patellaluxation....

  19. Effect of Maxillary Osteotomy on Speech in Cleft Lip and Palate: Perceptual Outcomes of Velopharyngeal Function

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Valerie J.; Sell, Debbie; Tuomainen, Jyrki

    2013-01-01

    Background: Abnormal facial growth is a well-known sequelae of cleft lip and palate (CLP) resulting in maxillary retrusion and a class III malocclusion. In 10-50% of cases, surgical correction involving advancement of the maxilla typically by osteotomy methods is required and normally undertaken in adolescence when facial growth is complete.…

  20. An extensive posterior approach of the elbow with osteotomy of the medial epicondyle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vos, de M.J.; Wagener, M.L.; Verdonschot, N.J.J.; Eygendaal, D.

    2014-01-01

    Background This study describes a posterior approach to the elbow for placement of a total elbow prosthesis. Methods Release of the medial collateral ligament is achieved by performing an osteotomy of the medial epicondyle. This allows anatomic refixation of the origin of the medial collateral liga

  1. An extensive posterior approach of the elbow with osteotomy of the medial epicondyle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vos, M.J. de; Wagener, M.L.; Verdonschot, N.J.J.; Eygendaal, D.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: This study describes a posterior approach to the elbow for placement of a total elbow prosthesis. METHODS: Release of the medial collateral ligament is achieved by performing an osteotomy of the medial epicondyle. This allows anatomic refixation of the origin of the medial collateral lig

  2. Heat generation by two different saw blades used for tibial plateau leveling osteotomies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachelez, Andreas; Martinez, Steven A

    2012-01-01

    During tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) the saw blade produces frictional heat. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare heat generated by two TPLO blade designs (Slocum Enterprises [SE] and New Generation Devices [NDG]), with or without irrigation, on cadaveric canine tibias. Thirty-six paired tibias were used to continuously measure bone temperatures during osteotomy through both cortices (i.e., the cis and trans cortices). Each pair was assigned to either an irrigation or nonirrigation group during osteotomy, and each tibia within a pair was osteotomized using a different saw blade design. Saw blade temperatures were recorded and temperatures were compared for all combinations of blade type, cortex, and irrigation. In the cis cortex group, the SE blade generated more bone heat than the NGD blade (P=0.0258). Significant differences in temperature generation between saw blade types were seen only when the osteotomy site was not irrigated (P=0.0156). For all variables measured, bone and saw blade temperature generation was lower with irrigation (Psaw blade produced a critical duration of damaging temperature ranges in this study. Although saw blade design and irrigation influence heat generation during the TPLO, the potential for bone thermal damage during TPLO is low. The use of the NGD blade with irrigation is recommended.

  3. Endovaskulaer embolisering af svaer blødning i forbindelse med periacetabulaer osteotomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brenøe, Anne-Sofie; Andersen, Poul Erik; Overgaard, Søren

    2006-01-01

    Embolisation is a well-known procedure for trauma patients with pelvic injuries and bleeding complications. We report a case in which haemostasis was successfully achieved by angiographic embolisation in a patient with bleeding complications due to periacetabular osteotomy. This case illustrates ...

  4. Arthroscopic subcapital realignment osteotomy in chronic and stable slipped capital femoral epiphysis: early results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Dutra Roos

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes, as well as the complications of arthroscopic subcapital realignment osteotomy in chronic and stable slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE. As indicated by the literature review, this is the first time this type of arthroscopic osteotomy was described. METHODS: Between June 2012 and December 2014, seven patients were submitted to arthroscopic subcapital realignment osteotomy in chronic and stable SCFE. The mean age was 11 years and 4 months, and the mean follow-up period was 16.5 months (6-36. Clinical results were evaluated using the Modified Harris Hip Score (MHHS, which was measured pre- and postoperatively. Radiographs were evaluated using the Southwick quantitative classification and the epiphysis-diaphysis angle (pre- and postoperatively. Complications were assessed. RESULTS: The mean preoperative MHHS was 35.8 points, and 97.5 points post-operatively (p < 0.05. Radiographically, five patients were classified as Southwick classification grade II and two as grade III. The mean correction of the epiphysis-diaphysis angle was 40°. No immediate postoperatively complications were observed. One patient presented femoral head avascular necrosis, without collapse or chondrolysis at the most recent follow-up (22 months. CONCLUSION: The arthroscopic technique presented for subcapital realignment osteotomy in chronic and stable SCFE showed satisfactory clinical and radiographic outcomes in a 16.5 months follow-up period.

  5. Stability and migration across femoral varus derotation osteotomies in children with neuromuscular disorders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buxbom, Peter; Sonne-Holm, Stig; Ellitsgaard, Niels

    2017-01-01

    Background and purpose - Studies have indicated that one-third of children with cerebral palsy (CP) develop dislocation of the hip that needs surgical intervention. When hip dislocation occurs during childhood surgical treatment consists of tenotomies, femoral varus derotation osteotomy (VDRO...

  6. What factors predict failure 4 to 12 years after periacetabular osteotomy?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartig-Andreasen, Charlotte; Troelsen, Anders; Thillemann, Theis Muncholm

    2012-01-01

    The goal of periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is to delay or prevent osteoarthritic development in dysplastic hips. However, it is unclear whether the surgical goals are achieved and if so in which patients. This information is essential to select appropriate patients for a durable PAO that achieves...

  7. Endovaskulaer embolisering af svaer blødning i forbindelse med periacetabulaer osteotomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brenøe, Anne-Sofie; Andersen, Poul Erik; Overgaard, Søren

    2006-01-01

    Embolisation is a well-known procedure for trauma patients with pelvic injuries and bleeding complications. We report a case in which haemostasis was successfully achieved by angiographic embolisation in a patient with bleeding complications due to periacetabular osteotomy. This case illustrates...... that the technique is an alternative to vascular surgery when bleeding complications occur during surgery....

  8. Bernese periacetabular osteotomy for hip dysplasia. A modification to original technique and South American perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lara, Joaquín; Tobar, Carlos; Besomi, Javier

    2014-12-01

    Bernese periacetabular osteotomy has become a secure and reproducible technique for treatment of hip dysplasia. It allows an adequate reorientation of the acetabulum and coverage of the femoral head improving biomechanical conditions of the hip joint. We present a review of literature and a modification of original technique that includes a smaller incision and preservation of the abductor muscles and rectus femoris tendon insertion.

  9. Early results of the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy: the learning curve at an academic medical center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Christopher L; Erickson, Jill A; Hines, Jerod L

    2006-09-01

    Most reports on the results of the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy for the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip have been by the originators of the procedure. In 1997, we began to use this osteotomy without direct training from the originators of the procedure. Seventy-three patients (eighty-three hips) underwent a Bernese periacetabular osteotomy between 1997 and 2003 and were followed prospectively with use of the Harris hip score to assess clinical results and with use of anteroposterior pelvic and false-profile lateral plain radiographs to assess radiographic results. The three-dimensional position of the acetabulum was recorded preoperatively and postoperatively. The mean duration of follow-up was forty-six months. The average Harris hip score improved from 54 to 87 points (p Bernese periacetabular osteotomy have been encouraging, with a 92% survival rate at thirty-six months. The occurrence of complications demonstrates a substantial learning curve. Recognition of the true preoperative acetabular version and reorientation of the acetabulum into an appropriately anteverted position have become important factors in surgical decision-making. Therapeutic Level IV.

  10. Is Cup Positioning Challenged in Hips Previously Treated With Periacetabular Osteotomy?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartig-Andreasen, Charlotte; Stilling, Maiken; Søballe, Kjeld;

    2014-01-01

    After periacetabular osteotomy (PAO), some patients develop osteoarthritis with need of a total hip arthroplasty (THA). We evaluated the outcome of THA following PAO and explored factors associated with inferior cup position and increased polyethylene wear. Follow-up were performed 4 to 10years a...

  11. W/M serrated osteotomy for infantile Blount's disease in Ghana ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-10-30

    Oct 30, 2015 ... inhibition, can be reduced by transferring the pressure to the lateral compartment of the ... drawing a line from the lateral edge of the metaphysis to the ... when the osteotomy itself was not stable, a Kirschner wire was added for ...

  12. Three-dimensional virtual simulation of alar width changes following bimaxillary osteotomies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liebregts, J.; Xi, T.; Schreurs, R; Loon, B. van; Berge, S.; Maal, T.

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of three-dimensional (3D) soft tissue simulation of nose width changes following bimaxillary osteotomies and to identify patient- and surgery-related factors that may affect the accuracy of simulation. Sixty patients (mean age 26 years) who underwen

  13. Delayed progressive haematoma after Le Fort I osteotomy: A possible severe complication in orthognatic surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dario Bertossi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Although the Le Fort I osteotomy is a safe surgical technique, many complications have been reported. We present a case of an extended cervico-facial haematoma due to delayed bleeding from the terminal branches of the maxillary artery after orthognatic surgery. A 23-year-old man was referred to our observation for the surgical correction of a class III asymmetric malocclusion. The patient underwent a Le Fort I osteotomy, with impaction of the maxilla, associated with an Epker mandibular bilateral sagittal split osteotomy, with maxillary advancement and rigid internal fixation of the mandible with four miniplates and another four for the upper maxilla as well. The first post-surgery day, the patient developed a gradual dispnea together with neck swelling. By second postoperative day, the patient′s general condition improved with a progressive normalization of laboratory tests values. The Computerised Axial Tomography (CAT scan confirmed a decrease in the parapharyngeal thickening. Total recovery was achieved within two months, the final clinical check showed a healthy appearance with good occlusion. An increased knowledge of the basic biology of the Le Fort I osteotomy, the development of instruments specially designed for the Le Fort I procedure and the use of hypotensive anaesthesia could reduce the morbidity and duration of this procedure.

  14. Long term stability of mandibular advancement procedures : bilateral sagittal split osteotomy versus distraction osteogenesis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baas, E. M.; Pijpe, J.; de Lange, J.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative stability of the mandible after a bilateral lengthening procedure, either by bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) or distraction osteogenesis (DO). All patients who underwent mandibular advancement surgery between March 2001 and June 2004 w

  15. Stability of mandibular advancement procedures : Bilateral sagittal split osteotomy versus distraction osteogenesis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vos, M. D.; Baas, E. M.; de lange, J.; Bierenbroodspot, F.

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative stability of the mandible after a bilateral lengthening procedure, either by bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) or distraction osteogenesis (DOG). All patients who underwent mandibular advancement surgery between March 2001 and June 2004

  16. [Comparative studies on the vestibular and lingual osteotomy in the removal of lower wisdom teeth].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strukmeier, A; Pape, H D

    1980-01-01

    Retained third molars and/or buds in the left and right mandible were removed unilaterally via a vestibular and lingual osteotomy in 50 patients at the department for oral surgery. Postoperative edema in addition to the operative course was registered with a measurement technique developed by the authors: wound healing and general subjective complaints were also compared.

  17. A prospective study of Japas′ osteotomy in paralytic pes cavus deformity in adolescent feet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chatterjee Protyush

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pes cavus is a progressive and ugly deformity of the foot. Although initially the deformity is painless, with time, painful callosities develop under metatarsal heads and arthritis supervenes later in feet. Mild deformities can be treated with corrective shoes, or foot exercises. However, in others, operative treatment is imperative. Soft tissue operations are largely unsatisfactory and temporary. Bony operations give permanent correction. We present our series of 18 patients of pes cavus in the adolescent age group, treated by Japas′ V-osteotomy of the tarsus. Materials and Methods: 18 patients of paralytic pes cavus deformity were treated by Japas osteotomy, between March 1995 and 2005, at our institute. The age of the patients ranged from 8.6 to 15 years (mean 11.3; 10 were boys and 8 girls. All cases had unilateral involvement, and all, but one, were post-polio cases. Result: The mean follow-up is 5.4 years. Of the 18 patients, 14 had excellent or good corrections; 4 had poor correction/complications. However, those patients could be salvaged by triple arthordesis or Dwyer′s calcaneal osteotomy. Conclusion: Japas′ osteotomy is a satisfactory option for correction of pes cavus deformity in adolescents. In patients who have rigid hind foot equinus or varus, however, the results are compromised.

  18. Genu valgum in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease treated with femoral varus osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glard, Yann; Katchburian, Marcos V; Jacquemier, Michel; Guillaume, Jean-Marc; Bollini, Gérard

    2009-06-01

    Femoral varus osteotomy is one of the most common treatments for patients with symptomatic Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease with more severe deformities. We hypothesized knee valgus alignment at maturity in patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease is an effect of the disease and not an effect of femoral varus osteotomy. We retrospectively compared matched groups of 28 patients with and without femoral varus osteotomy. The two groups were similar with respect to age at onset and classification of Herring et al. The distribution of valgus alignment among patients who had surgery and patients who did not have surgery was assessed at maturity and was similar between the operative and nonoperative groups. The data suggest valgus malalignment (genu valgum) is not a side effect of femoral varus osteotomy in patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease, but rather an effect of the disease. Level III, prognostic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

  19. Accuracy of three-dimensional soft tissue simulation in bimaxillary osteotomies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liebregts, J.; Xi, T.; Timmermans, M.; Koning, M.J.J. de; Berge, S.J.; Hoppenreijs, T.J.M.; Maal, T.J.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of an algorithm based on the mass tensor model (MTM) for computerized 3D simulation of soft-tissue changes following bimaxillary osteotomy, and to identify patient and surgery-related factors that may affect the accuracy of the simulation. Sixty

  20. Gait and lower limb muscle strength in women after triple innominate osteotomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolk, S.; Fluit, R.; Luijten, J.; Heesterbeek, P.J.; Geurts, A.C.; Verdonschot, N.J.J.; Weerdesteyn, V.

    2015-01-01

    Background: In adult patients with developmental hip dysplasia, a surgical procedure (triple innominate osteotomy) of the pelvic bone can be performed to rotate the acetabulum in the frontal plane, establishing better acetabular coverage. Although common clinical hip scores demonstrate significant i

  1. Gait and lower limb muscle strength in women after triple innominate osteotomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolk, S.; Fluit, R.; Luijten, J.; Heesterbeek, P.J.; Geurts, A.C.H.; Verdonschot, N.J.; Weerdesteijn, V.G.M.

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In adult patients with developmental hip dysplasia, a surgical procedure (triple innominate osteotomy) of the pelvic bone can be performed to rotate the acetabulum in the frontal plane, establishing better acetabular coverage. Although common clinical hip scores demonstrate significant i

  2. An Innovative Intra-articular Osteotomy in the Treatment of Posterolateral Tibial Plateau Fracture Malunion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yukai; Luo, Congfeng; Hu, Chengfang; Sun, Hui; Zhan, Yu

    2016-07-13

    Posterolateral tibial plateau fractures are not uncommon and the diagnosis can be easily missed. The treatment is technically demanding, which can easily lead to malunion of the posterolateral tibial plateau fracture. Here, we describe an innovative intra-articular osteotomy for the treatment of posterolateral tibial plateau fracture malunion. From 2010 through 2012, 13 patients with a posterolateral tibial plateau fracture malunion were treated in our trauma center. The patients were referred because of instability or knee pain. The instability was confirmed by physical examinations preoperatively. The depression malunion and lower limb alignment were evaluated on X-rays and computed tomography scans. All posterolateral tibial plateau fracture malunions were treated with an innovative intra-articular osteotomy via an extended anterolateral approach. The mean follow-up was 19.6 months (range, 14-28 months). The posterolateral osteotomy healed at an average of 15.1 weeks. The depression malunion was corrected in all patients, which was from 15.4 mm preoperatively to 3.3 mm at 12 months postoperatively. The average Lysholm, Knee Society Score, and visual analog scale scores were 91.7, 92.5, and 0.5, respectively. No loss of reduction, nonunion, or wound infection was observed. An innovative intra-articular osteotomy via an extended anterolateral approach is an effective treatment for posterolateral tibial plateau fracture malunion. The treatment achieved satisfactory functional results and knee stability restoration.

  3. Visible Perforating Lateral Osteotomy: Internal Perforating Technique with Wide Periosteal Dissection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bong Il Rho

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available There are two general categories of lateral osteotomy techniques—the external perforating method and the internal continuous method. Regardless of which technique is used, procedural effectiveness is hampered by limited visualization in the surgical field. Considering this point, we devised a new technique that involves using a wide subperiosteal dissection and internal perforation under direct visualization. Using an intranasal approach, whereby the visibility of the intended fracture line was maintained, enabled a greater degree of control, and in turn, results that were more precise, and thus predictable and reproducible. Traditionally, it has been taken as dogma that the periosteum must be preserved, considering the potential for dead space and bony instability; however, under sufficient visualization of the surgical field with an internal perforating method, complete osteotomy with fully preserved intranasal mucosa could be conducted exactly as intended. This intact mucosal lining compensates for the elevated periosteum. Compressive dressing and drainage through a Silastic angio-needle catheter enabled the elimination of dead space. Therefore, precise, reproducible, and predictable osteotomy minimizing the potential for associated complications such as ecchymosis, that is, bruising owing to hemorrhage, could be performed. In this article, we introduce a novel technique for lateral osteotomy with improved visualization.

  4. Effect of Maxillary Osteotomy on Speech in Cleft Lip and Palate: Perceptual Outcomes of Velopharyngeal Function

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Valerie J.; Sell, Debbie; Tuomainen, Jyrki

    2013-01-01

    Background: Abnormal facial growth is a well-known sequelae of cleft lip and palate (CLP) resulting in maxillary retrusion and a class III malocclusion. In 10-50% of cases, surgical correction involving advancement of the maxilla typically by osteotomy methods is required and normally undertaken in adolescence when facial growth is complete.…

  5. Soft tissue changes after a mandibular osteotomy for symmetric skeletal class III malocclusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohba, Seigo; Kohara, Haruka; Koga, Takamitsu; Kawasaki, Takako; Miura, Kei-Ichirou; Yoshida, Noriaki; Asahina, Izumi

    2016-10-31

    The soft tissue profile is crucial to esthetics after orthognathic surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the soft tissue changes of the subnasal and submental regions more than 1 year after a sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) in patients with skeletal class III malocclusion. A total of 22 patients with mandibular prognathism were included in this study. Patients had lateral cephalograms before and more than 1 year after they underwent an isolated SSRO. Soft and hard tissue changes were assessed using the lateral cephalograms. The lower lip, labiomenton, and soft tissue menton moved posteriorly by 85, 89, and 88% compared with the corresponding hard tissue, and the movement of the soft tissue B point and the top of the chin nearly reflected the displacement of the hard tissues, at 96 and 99%, respectively. The labiomenton, stomions, and naso-labial angles were changed after the mandibular set-back and the changes in these angles correlated with either the width of the soft tissue or skeletal displacement. The naso-labial angle could be altered even if an isolated mandibular osteotomy is performed. Changes to the stomions and naso-labial angles were affected by hard tissue movement, while changes to the labiomental angle were affected by the width of the soft tissue after the mandibular osteotomy. It is important to create an accurate preoperative prediction of the esthetic outcomes after a mandibular osteotomy by considering the interrelations between the hard and soft tissues.

  6. Early outcomes of one-stage combined osteotomy in Legg-Calve´-Perthes disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basant Kumar Bhuyan

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: The surgical treatment of LCPD with the best expected outcome is still a challenge. Advanced containment methods by one-stage combined osteotomy can be considered as an alternative treatment where femoral head subluxation or deformity which makes containment difficult or impossible by more conventional methods.

  7. Fixation of Intertrochanteric Valgus Osteotomy with T Plate in Treatment of Developmental Coxa Vara

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khairy, Hosam Mohamed

    2016-01-01

    Background Although the valgus subtrochanteric osteotomy is considered as a standard surgical treatment for coxa vara, there is no consensus on the optimal method of fixation and osteotomy technique. Fixation of the osteotomy has been achieved by various methods including external fixation and internal fixation with pins and cerclage and a variety of plates. The aim of this study is the evaluation of the results of developmental coxa treated by Y intertrochanteric valgus osteotomy fixed with a T-buttress plate compared with other methods of fixation in the literature. Methods Eighteen corrective valgus intertrochanteric femoral osteotomies were performed in 18 patients (18 hips) for treatment of unilateral developmental coxa vara deformity and fixed with a T plate. There were 12 males and 6 females. The right hip was affected in 10 patients and the left hip in 8 patients. Clinically, patients were evaluated by Larson hip score. Radiographically, anteroposterior view of the pelvis and frog leg lateral views of the affected hip were taken preoperatively and compared with the findings at the final follow-up. Results The average follow-up was 29 months (range, 24 to 36 months). Clinical results showed improvement of the mean Larson hip score from 57.8 to 97.0 (p < 0.001). Radiological results showed that all osteotomies were completely united in 2.4 months (range, 2 to 3 months) with the achievement of the planned correction angle. The average correction of Hilgenreiner's epiphyseal angle improved from 78.2° to 27.8° (p < 0.001) at the final follow-up. The femoral neck shaft angle was improved from 93.7° to 129.9° (p < 0.001) at the final follow-up. Shortening of the affected limb was corrected from 2.8 cm to 1.3 cm (p < 0.001) at the last follow-up. No major serious complications were recorded in the present study. Conclusions Intertrochanteric valgus osteotomy of the proximal femur fixed with a T plate may be efficient for treatment of developmental coxa vara

  8. How Often Does Femoroacetabular Impingement Occur After an Innominate Osteotomy for Acetabular Dysplasia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castañeda, Pablo; Vidal-Ruiz, Carlos; Méndez, Alfonso; Salazar, Diego Pérez; Torres, Armando

    2016-05-01

    Femoroacetabular impingement is increasingly recognized as a cause of hip pain but its incidence after an innominate osteotomy for the correction of acetabular dysplasia has not been determined. This information would be essential for the orthopaedic surgeon because it has the potential to produce a poor outcome in the long term when trying to balance acetabular instability and overcorrection. The purposes of our study were (1) to determine the frequency with which clinically relevant femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) occurs after an innominate osteotomy for the treatment of acetabular dysplasia; (2) to determine risk factors for the development of FAI; and (3) to compare postoperative radiographic and clinical outcomes in patients having undergone an innominate osteotomy for the correction of acetabular dysplasia both with and without FAI. This was a retrospective review of 154 hips (132 patients) that had undergone an innominate osteotomy for acetabular dysplasia and were evaluated at a minimum followup of 10 years (mean = 12 years). Mean age at the time of surgery was 3 years, 114 hips had a concomitant open reduction, and 54 hips also had femoral shortening. One hundred eight hips had a Salter osteotomy and 46 had a Pemberton osteotomy. Radiographs were analyzed to determine the lateral center-edge angle (CE angle) and the presence of a crossover sign. The diagnosis of FAI was established when the CE angle was greater than 40°, there was a positive crossover sign, and the patient had groin pain when flexing the hip less than 90°. Comparisons between nonparametric variables were performed with a Mann-Whitney's U test. Categorical variables were compared with a chi-square test. Change in acetabular index (correction) was dichotomized considering 20° of correction as the cutoff point. Association is presented as odds ratio (95% confidence interval), and logistic regression was performed. According to our criteria, 18 of 154 hips had FAI (12%). Of the 18

  9. Treatment of moderate hallux valgus by percutaneous, extra-articular reverse-L Chevron (PERC) osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucas y Hernandez, J; Golanó, P; Roshan-Zamir, S; Darcel, V; Chauveaux, D; Laffenêtre, O

    2016-03-01

    The aim of this study was to report a single surgeon series of consecutive patients with moderate hallux valgus managed with a percutaneous extra-articular reverse-L chevron (PERC) osteotomy. A total of 38 patients underwent 45 procedures. There were 35 women and three men. The mean age of the patients was 48 years (17 to 69). An additional percutaneous Akin osteotomy was performed in 37 feet and percutaneous lateral capsular release was performed in 22 feet. Clinical and radiological assessments included the type of forefoot, range of movement, the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle (AOFAS) score, a subjective rating and radiological parameters. The mean follow-up was 59.1 months (45.9 to 75.2). No patients were lost to follow-up. The mean AOFAS score increased from 62.5 (30 to 80) pre-operatively to 97.1 (75 to 100) post-operatively. A total of 37 patients (97%) were satisfied. At the last follow up there was a statistically significant decrease in the hallux valgus angle, the intermetatarsal angle and the proximal articular set angle. The range of movement of the first metatarsophalangeal joint improved significantly.. There was more improvement in the range of movement in patients who had fixation of the osteotomy of the proximal phalanx. Preliminary results of this percutaneous approach are promising. This technique is reliable and reproducible. Its main asset is that it maintains an excellent range of movement. The PERC osteotomy procedure is an effective approach for surgical management of moderate hallux valgus which combines the benefits of percutaneous surgery with the versatility of the chevron osteotomy whilst maintaining excellent first MTPJ range of motion. ©2016 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

  10. V-Y vertebral body osteotomy for the treatment of fixed sagittal plane spinal deformity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehdian, Hossein; Arun, Ranganathan; Aresti, Nick A

    2015-04-01

    Fixed sagittal plane imbalance (FSI) has traditionally been corrected by either opening or closing wedge osteotomies or vertebral column resections. These methods involve multiple vertebrae and have been associated with limited degrees of correction and/or neurovascular compromise. We describe a new V-Y vertebral osteotomy (VYO) that involves a single vertebra, allowing for correction of all three columns in a safer fashion. A prospective assessment of the degree of correction pre- and post-VYO in a tertiary spinal center. Ten consecutive patients presenting with sagittal plane imbalance were enrolled in this study. Outcomes were assessed with pre- (preop) and postoperative (postop) outcome questionnaires (Oswestry Disability Index [ODI] and Scoliosis Research Society-24) and radiography. Ten patients underwent VYO at L3 with varying levels of instrumentation. The procedure involves a V-shaped osteotomy in the sagittal plane, sparing the anterior 50% of the body, the apex of which is then converted to a Y shape, and the osteotomy closed. Patients were followed for a mean of 36 months (24-48 months). The procedure led to significant improvements in sagittal balance, lumbar lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, coronal balance, sacral inclination, and pelvic incidence. The average degree of correction achieved was 44.58°±6.19° (mean±standard deviation). The mean blood loss was 1,287±350 mL and the operative time was 220±24 minutes. The mean preop ODI was 72% (range 58%-85%) and postop ODI averaged 22% (range 10%-30%). The mean preop SRS-24 score was 30.1 and postop was 101. The VYO provides a safe correction of up to 45° at a single osteotomy site in FSI patients. It involves an isolated posterior approach and is recommended for corrections below the region of the conus. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Modified Dunn osteotomy using an anterior approach used to treat 26 cases of SCFE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niane, M M; Kinkpé, C V A; Daffé, M; Sarr, L; Gueye, A B; Sané, A D; Séye, S I L

    2016-02-01

    Osteotomy performed below the femoral neck plays a leading role in the treatment of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). It results in anatomical reduction. Several modifications have been made to Dunn's original osteotomy technique. We have developed another modification to this technique that uses an anterior surgical approach on a traction table with fluoroscopy control. Will this technique help to reduce the number of complications? Will its results be superior to those achieved with the standard Dunn osteotomy procedure? This was a retrospective single-center study of 26 cases in 24 patients (2 bilateral cases). Patients were positioned supine on a traction table with fluoroscopy control. An anterior surgical approach was used. A trapezoid-shaped osteotomy was performed below the femoral head. The head's reduction was checked on the fluoroscope and the fixation confirmed. The Postel Merle d'Aubigné (PMA) score was used for the clinical assessment. The radiographic assessment was based on Southwick's angle. The mean slip angle of the femoral head was 57°. A mean correction of 47° was achieved. Based on the PMA score, good and excellent results were achieved in 20 cases (77%) and poor results occurred in 6 cases (23%). The surgical treatment had a significant effect on the PMA score (P=0.0008). In terms of complications, there were five cases of chondrolysis and one case of necrosis associated with chondrolysis. The anterior approach provides direct access to the femoral neck, and thereby a cautious osteotomy at the site of the slip itself. Use of a traction table makes the external manipulations, reduction and fixation procedures easier to carry out. The results of this study were comparable to published results. IV, retrospective treatment study. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  12. [Evaluation of potential risks of abrasive water jet osteotomy in-vivo].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhlmann, C; Pude, F; Bishup, C; Krömer, S; Kirsch, L; Andreae, A; Wacker, K; Schmolke, S

    2005-10-01

    Since the 80's the water jet scalpel is an established tool in some surgical fields. It is used in particular in visceral surgery for preparation of parenchymatous organs. By the addition of biocompatible abrasives, this technique is able to effectively machine hard biological tissues. Free defined cutting geometries can be realised in a non contact process. Therewith this method has crucial advantages compared to conventional osteotomy techniques and gives new impulses to the development in endoprosthetics and correction osteotomies of hollow bones. In the presented work the new developed abrasive water injection jet (AWIJ) was used the first time for in-vivo osteotomies. Aim of this study was the detection of potential thrombembolic effects and wash in effects of the cutting fluid. Hollow bones of the fore and hind leg of 20 house pigs were treated with the new cutting technique. Intraoperative documentation of relevant vital parameters was performed by a multi monitoring system. Thrombembolic effects during the osteotomy were detected by transthoracic Doppler ultrasonography and transesophagale echocardiography. The hollow bones were prepared in consideration of the vascularisation's protection especially in respect to the venous flow. Thrombembolic effects with temporary haemodynamic respectively respiratory consequences could be detected exclusively by using the so called "3-component jet", which consists of 90 vol % of air. The usage of an abrasive suspension enables the airfree dosing of dry soluable abrasives. Thrombembolic effects could not be monitored in this case. Intramedullary fluid in-wash effects as well as resulting electrolytic disorders could not be proven. For abrasive waterjet osteotomies with 3 component jet a relevant risk of thrombembolic effects could be shown. This knowledge has also to be considered for abdominal and neurosurgical applications in the future. Due to the usage of an abrasive suspension this risk can fully be avoided.

  13. CHRONIC RADIAL HEAD DISLOCATION IN CHILDREN. TREATMENT BY OPEN REDUCTION AND ULNAR OSTEOTOMY.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pencho Kosev

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To present the results of open reduction and angulating-distraction ulnar osteotomy in children with chronic radial head dislocation. Material and Methods: This is a retrospective review of 4 children (3 girls, one boy with chronic radial head dislocation treated in our hospital between 2009 and 2012. The average age at the time of surgery was 6.6 (4.2 – 9.1 years.The interval between initial trauma and surgery was from 2 to 25 months. Three of the patients had a plastic deformation of the ulna with a positive “ulnar bow sign” and one was with missed radial head dislocation after an equivalent injury. The surgical strategy in all patients included proximal ulnar osteotomy with angulation and distraction and open reduction of the dislocated radial head without annular ligament reconstruction or pinning. Osteotomy was fixed with a prebent one-third tubular plate and a tricortical bone graft. Results: The mean follow-up was 4 years (range 2.5 - 5.5. Radial head remained reduced and stable in all cases. All ulnar osteotomies healed without any complications. The postoperative range of motion was improved in all of the patients. Functional outcomes assessed by Elbow Performance Score were excellent in three and good in one of the patients. Conclusions:The treatment of an unrecognized radial head dislocation in children continues to pose a therapeutic challenge. The osteotomy of the proximal ulna with both angulation and elongation allows stable radial head reduction without necessity of annular ligament reconstruction in most of the cases.

  14. Photometric Evaluation of Soft Tissue Changes in CLP Patients: Le Fort I Advancement Osteotomy (ALO) Versus Anterior Maxillary Distraction (AMD)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Paulose, Joby; Markose, Eldho

    2014-01-01

    ...) and anterior maxillary distraction (AMD).Twenty patients with maxillary hypoplasia associated with cleft lip and palate who had undergone either LeFort I osteotomy or distraction osteogenesis with maxillary advancement were included in this study...

  15. Total hip arthroplasty (S-ROM stem and subtrochanteric osteotomy for Crowe type IV developmental dysplasia of the hip

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liangtao Li

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: In the primary THA for the treatment of irreducible DDH, subtrochanteric oblique osteotomy combined with the freely-rotatable S-ROM stem provided favorable short term outcomes by affording both morphological and functional advantages.

  16. Y Shape Osteotomy in Ankylosing Spondylitis, a Prospective Case Series with Minimum 2 Year Follow-Up

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Huawei; Zhang, Xuesong; Wang, Yan

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of a spinal osteotomy technique, Y shape osteotomy, for correcting kyphosis in AS patients planned preoperatively with computer software-assistance. 36 consecutive AS patients with thoracolumbar kyphosis were treated with one-stage posterior Y shape osteotomy and preoperative surgical planning was done with the aid of the Surgimap Spine. Radiological parameters of simulation and immediate postoperation were documented. Clinical and radiological results were evaluated in the preoperative, the early postoperative periods and during the last follow-up. The lumbar lordosis was found as 40.7 ± 4.1 degrees in the surgical planning and 49.7 ± 3.9 degrees postoperatively (pScoliosis Research Society scores improved largely. In conclusion, Y shape osteotomy is a safe and effective treatment option for AS patients with kyphosis deformity. PMID:27936020

  17. CT study on bony interface after Le Fort I osteotomy; Examination of bony interface in maxillary advancement and impaction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goto, Satoshi; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Motegi, Katsutoshi (Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan). School of Dentistry)

    1994-04-01

    Bony contact after the maxilla had been mobilized by Le Fort I osteotomy was evaluated by computed tomographic examination of 52 Japanese dry skulls. The lateral piriform wall and the base of the zygomatic process of the maxilla which consist of thick bone are important areas to achieve good stability. Some cases of maxillary advancement and/or impaction lacked an osseous interface at the posterior wall. Preoperative CT along the osteotomy-line is recommended to achieve better postoperative stability. (author).

  18. Risk factors for rod fracture after posterior correction of adult spinal deformity with osteotomy: a retrospective case-series

    OpenAIRE

    Barton, Cameron; Noshchenko, Andriy; Patel, Vikas; Cain, Christopher; Kleck, Christopher; Burger, Evalina

    2015-01-01

    Background Osteotomies including pedicle subtraction (PSO) and/or Smith-Peterson (SPO) are used to facilitate surgical correction of adult spinal deformity (ASD), but are associated with complications including instrumentation failure and rod fracture (RF). The purpose of this study was to determine incidence and risk factors for RF, including a clinically significant subset (CSRF), after osteotomy for ASD. Methods A retrospective review of clinical records was conducted on consecutive ASD pa...

  19. Histopathological comparison of bone healing effects of endonasal and percutaneous lateral osteotomy methods in rabbit rhinoplasty model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Öğreden, Şahin; Rüzgar, Sedat; Tansuker, Hasan Deniz; Taşkın, Ümit; Alimoğlu, Yalçın; Aydın, Salih; Oktay, Mehmet Faruk; İzol, Uğur

    2017-07-17

    Lateral osteotomy is mainly performed either endonasally or percutaneously in rhinoplasty which is a frequently performed operation for the correction of nasal deformities. Both techniques have both advantages and disadvantages relative to each other. The aim of this study was to compare the histopathological effects of endonasal and percutaneous osteotomy techniques performed in rhinoplasty on bone healing and nasal stability in an experimental animal model. Eight one year-old New Zealand white rabbits were included. Xylazine hydrocloride and intramuscular ketamine anesthesia were administered to the rabbits. Endonasal osteotomy (8 bones) was performed in Group 1 (n=4), and percutaneous osteotomy (8 bones) in Group 2 (n=4). One month later the rabbits were sacrificed. Bone healing of the rabbits was staged according to the bone healing score of Huddleston et al. In both groups, nasal bone integrity was assessed subjectively. In the percutaneous osteotomy group, Grade 1 bone healing was observed in two samples (25%), Grade 2 bone healing in two samples (25%), Grade 3 bone healing in four samples (50%). In the endonasal osteotomy group, Grade 1 bone healing was observed in 6 samples (75%) and Grade 2 bone healing was observed in 2 samples (25%). In the percutaneous group, fibrous tissue was observed in 2, predominantly fibrous tissue and a lesser amount of cartilage was observed in 2 and an equal amount of fibrous tissue and cartilage was observed in 4 samples. In the endonasal group, fibrous tissue was observed in 6 samples, and predominantly fibrous tissue with a lesser amount of cartilage was observed in 2 samples. In both groups, when manual force was applied to the nasal bones, subjectively the same resistance was observed. Percutaneous lateral osteotomy technique was found to result in less bone and periost trauma and better bone healing compared to the endonasal osteotomy technique. Copyright © 2017 Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia

  20. A Modified Technique of Fixation for Proximal Femoral Valgus Osteotomy in Abnormal Bone: A Report of Two Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Logheswaren S

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The ideal size of intramedullary device to fix corrective osteotomy of proximal femur in abnormal bone in children and small patients may not be easily available. We report the successful use of Rush rod in combination with multiple Kirschner wires to fix the corrective osteotomy of coxa vara and shepherd crook deformity in two patients with osteogenesis imperfecta and fibrous dysplasia. The union was achieved on time, neck shaft angle and rotation were maintained.

  1. Surgical treatment of the congenital dislocation of the hip after walking age: open reduction and Salter's osteotomy

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho Filho, Guaracy; Chueire, Alceu Gomes; Ignácio,Helencar; Carneiro,Márcio de Oliveira; Francese Neto,João; Canesin,Augusto César

    2003-01-01

    The congenital dislocation of the hip, after the function of weight bearing begins or walking phase requires surgical treatment, and one of the options is the open reduction combined to innominate osteotomy (Salter). In this study, the results of 18 patients, 22 surgically treated hips with congenital dislocation, were evaluated from 1989 and 1995, using innominate osteotomy, by Salter's technique after open reduction. The age of the patients at the time of surgery ranged from 12 to 30 months...

  2. Outcome of pelvic support osteotomy with the Ilizarov method in the treatment of the unstable hip joint.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Mowafi, Hani

    2005-12-01

    Instability of the hip joint in the young adult is a difficult problem. Patients with an unstable hip secondary to any aetiology usually have loss of bone from the proximal femur or shortening of the limb or both. In this study we report our results in the treatment of the unstable hip joint in young adults by pelvic support osteotomy using the Ilizarov method. From 1997 to 2004, 25 patients (17 females and 8 males) with an unstable hip joint were treated in the Orthopaedic department of Mansoura University Hospital, Egypt. Their mean age was 22.4 years (range: 19 to 35). The main complaints were pain, leg length discrepancy, limping, and limited abduction of the hip. All patients underwent valgus extension osteotomy in the proximal femur and distal femoral osteotomy for lengthening. The average follow-up ranged from 2 to 7 years. All hips were pain free at follow-up. The Trendelenburg sign became negative in 20 patients. There was no limb length discrepancy and alignments of the extremity were re-established. Five patients had a lurch gait. Valgus extension osteotomy has provided stability of the hip joint and maintained some motion of the hip joint. By using the Ilizarov technique, we could prevent the valgus effects created by the valgus extension osteotomy while achieving lengthening of the femur through the distal osteotomy in the femur.

  3. Correction of anteversion in skeletally immature patients: percutaneous osteotomy and transtrochanteric intramedullary rod.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevens, Peter M; Anderson, Dustin

    2008-01-01

    There has been reluctance by some surgeons to accept antegrade femoral nailing in children and adolescents due to concerns about producing iatrogenic osteonecrosis or growth disturbance of the femoral neck. Others believe that with the recent advent of pediatric transtrochanteric intramedullary nails, femoral fracture and osteotomy fixation may now safely be accomplished using these devices. Extrapolating from experience treating mature patients, the senior author (P.S.) has adopted the technique of percutaneous femoral osteotomy and transtrochanteric intramedullary fixation in skeletally immature patients as a standard approach for the correction of anteversion, combining this with concomitant surgery as indicated. With the institutional review board approval, we reviewed our experience using the Phillips intramedullary rod (EBI/Biomet, Inc, Warsaw, Ind), to secure femoral osteotomies in a series of 30 patients with 40 femoral osteotomies (10 bilateral). The etiologies of anteversion included idiopathic and neuromuscular. There were 10 boys and 20 girls, ranging in age from 8 to 16 years and in weight from 32 to 60 kg. Additional surgical bony and soft tissue procedures were combined as indicated. These included supramalleolar osteotomy, hindfoot stabilization, tendon lengthening or transfers, and hemiepiphysiodesis in select patients. Two of the femoral rotational corrections were combined with shortening. Despite early mobilization without casts, each osteotomy healed primarily in an average of 3 months, and the complication rate was exceedingly low. One patient had removal of a loose distal interlocking screw at 6 weeks postinsertion. By that time, he had formed good callus and had rotational stability; thus, the outcome was not compromised. Importantly, we have not observed osteonecrosis, growth disturbance of the femoral neck, or limb length discrepancy resulting from this treatment method. In the skeletally immature patient, femoral anteversion can safely be

  4. Distal femoral extension osteotomy and patellar tendon advancement to treat persistent crouch gait in cerebral palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stout, Jean L; Gage, James R; Schwartz, Michael H; Novacheck, Tom F

    2008-11-01

    Hallmarks of a persistent crouched walking pattern exhibited by individuals with cerebral palsy usually include loss of an adequate plantar flexion/knee extension couple, hamstring and/or psoas tightness, or contracture in conjunction with quadriceps insufficiency. Traditional treatment addresses the muscle-tightness component, but not the contracture or the muscle insufficiency. This study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of distal femoral extension osteotomy and/or patellar tendon advancement in the treatment of crouch gait in patients with cerebral palsy. A retrospective, nonrandomized, repeated-measures design was used. Individuals with a diagnosis of cerebral palsy were included if they had had (1) a distal femoral extension osteotomy in combination with a distal patellar tendon advancement (thirty-three patients), (2) a distal femoral extension osteotomy without patellar tendon advancement (sixteen), or (3) a distal patellar tendon advancement only (twenty-four). All subjects were evaluated with preoperative and postoperative gait analysis. Gait, radiographic, strength, and functional measures were included in the analysis to assess changes in knee function. Seventy-three individuals met the criteria for inclusion. A single side was chosen for the analysis of each subject. Ninety percent of the subjects had additional, concurrent surgery. Improvements were noted in the index assessing the level of gait pathology and in functional variables across all groups, and pain was consistently decreased. All preoperative stress fractures healed. Strength levels were maintained across all groups. The Koshino index of patellar height improved from 1.4 to -2.3 in the group treated with patellar tendon advancement only and from 1.5 to -2.9 in the group treated with both osteotomy and tendon advancement. The range of knee flexion improved an average of 15 degrees to 20 degrees, and stance-phase knee flexion was restored to the typical range (9 degrees to 10

  5. Thoracolumbar imbalance analysis for osteotomy planification using a new method: FBI technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Huec, J C; Leijssen, P; Duarte, M; Aunoble, S

    2011-09-01

    Treatment of spine imbalance by posterior osteotomy is a valuable technique. Several surgical techniques have been developed and proposed to redress the vertebral column in harmonious kyphosis in order to recreate correct sagittal alignment. Although surgical techniques proved to be adequate, preoperative planning still is mediocre. Multiple suggestions have been proposed, from cutting tracing paper to ingenious mathematical formulas and computerised models. The analysis of the pelvic parameters to try to recover the initial shape of the spine before the spine imbalance occurred is very important to avoid mistakes during the osteotomy planification. The authors proposed their method for the osteotomy planning paying attention to the pelvic, and spine parameters and in accordance with Roussouly's classification. The pre operative planning is based on a full-body X-ray including the spine from C1 to the femoral head and the first 10 cm of the femur shaft. Using all the balance parameters provided, a formula name FBI is proposed. Calculation of the osteotomy is basic goniometry, the midpoint of the C7 inferior plateau (point a) is transposed horizontally on the projected future C7 plumb line (point b) crossing posterior S1 plateau on a sagittal X-ray. These are the first two reference points. A third reference point is made on the anterior wall of the selected vertebra for osteotomy at mid height of the pedicle (point c) mainly L4 vertebra. These three points form a triangle with the tip being the third reference point. The angle represented by this triangle is the theoretical angle of the osteotomy. Two more angles should be measured and eventually added. The femur angulation measured as the inclination of the femoral axis to the vertical. And a third angle named the compensatory pelvic tilt to integrate the type of pelvis. If the pelvic tilt is between 15 and 25° or is higher than 25° you must add 5 or 10°, respectively. This compensatory tilt is based on a

  6. Comparison of Clinical and Radiological Improvement Between the Modified Trephine and High-speed Drill as Main Osteotomy Instrument in Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hui; Ma, Lei; Yang, Dalong; Zhang, Di; Shen, Yong; Ding, Wenyuan

    2015-01-01

    Abstract High-speed drill is the main osteotomy instrument in pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) currently. Considering the long duration of surgery, the large amount of blood loss, and the high incidence of neurovascular injury, the osteotomy procedure is challenging. Use of trephine for the osteotomy displays high efficiency by shortening surgery time and reducing blood loss in anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion. However, the potential risk of neurological injury is high. We modified the trephine by adding locking instrument, when the serrated top of the trephine reaches the tip of the probe; the locking instrument on the probe restricts the trephine and improves security during the osteotomy procedure. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological improvement between the modified trephine and high-speed drill as main osteotomy instrument in PSO. From February 2009 to 2013, 50 patients with severe thoracolumbar kyphotic deformity caused by old compressive vertebrae were prospectively reviewed. All patients were randomly assigned to the experimental group (27 patients received PSO with modified trephine) and the control group (23 patients received PSO with high-speed drill). The clinical records were reviewed and compared for surgical time, operative blood loss, functional improvement (Oswestry Disability Index), and pain relief (visual analog scale). The radiological records were reviewed and compared for correction of kyphotic deformity postoperatively and correction loss at 2-year follow-up. All patients successfully finished the PSO procedure, and got satisfactory kyphotic deformity correction and overall function improvement. The surgery time was shorter in the experimental group than that in the control group (132.7 ± 12.6 vs 141.7 ± 16.7 min; P = 0.03). No significant difference was found in blood loss (882.9 ± 98.9 mL vs 902.2 ± 84.9 mL; P = 0.47) or correction of the kyphotic angle (33.4

  7. Double calcaneal osteotomy with percutaneous Steinmann pin fixation as part of treatment for flexible flatfoot deformity: a review of consecutive cases highlighting our experience with pin fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boffeli, Troy J; Abben, Kyle W

    2015-01-01

    Surgical correction of flexible flatfoot deformity and posterior tibial tendon dysfunction has been extensively reported in published studies. When appropriate, calcaneal osteotomies for flatfoot correction have been a favorite of foot and ankle surgeons because of the corrective power achieved without the need to fuse any rearfoot joints. The medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy and Evans calcaneal osteotomy, together termed the double calcaneal osteotomy, have been reported several times by various investigators with a wide variety of fixation options. We undertook an institutional review board-approved retrospective review of 9 consecutive patients (11 feet), who had undergone double calcaneal osteotomy with 2 percutaneous Steinmann pin fixation for the correction of flexible flatfoot deformity, with or without posterior tibial tendon dysfunction. All patients had radiographic evidence of bone healing of the posterior calcaneal osteotomy and incorporation of the Evans osteotomy bone graft at 6 weeks and demonstrated clinical healing at 6 weeks. All patients had 2 percutaneous Steinmann pins placed through both osteotomies, and these were removed an average of 6 weeks postoperatively. No patient developed pin site complications. The only complication noted was sural neuritis, which was likely incision related. No patients had delayed union or nonunion, and we did not identify any graft shifting postoperatively. The present retrospective series highlights our experience with 2 percutaneous Steinmann pin fixation, demonstrating equal or better results than many previous published fixation methods for double calcaneal osteotomy. It is cost-effective and minimizes the potential risk of iatrogenic Achilles pathologic features associated with screw fixation.

  8. Prognostic radiographic factors in developmental dysplasia of the hip following Salter osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chia-Hsieh; Yang, Wen-E; Kao, Hsuan-Kai; Lee, Wei-Chun; Shih, Chun-Hsiung; Kuo, Ken N

    2015-01-01

    Radiographic parameters for evaluating hip development are altered by Salter osteotomy, and their prognostic value require further validation. A total of 63 patients who underwent open reduction and Salter osteotomy for unilateral hip dysplasia were evaluated with Severin classification 10.8 years later. The initial first-year postoperative acetabular index, c/b ratio, head-teardrop distance, and head coverage were compared with the final outcome of Severin classification. Greater c/b ratio was significantly associated with later Severin class III hip. Using receiver operating characteristics curve, a c/b ratio greater than 0.72 at 6 months and 1 year postoperatively can predict the possibility of a class III hip in 30 and 60% of patients, respectively.

  9. Acute Reciprocal Changes Distant from the Site of Spinal Osteotomies Affect Global Postoperative Alignment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Klineberg

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Three-column vertebral resections are frequently applied to correct sagittal malalignment; their effects on distant unfused levels need to be understood. Methods. 134 consecutive adult PSO patients were included (29 thoracic, 105 lumbar. Radiographic analysis included pre- and postoperative regional curvatures and pelvic parameters, with paired independent t-tests to evaluate changes. Results. A thoracic osteotomy with limited fusion leads to a correction of the kyphosis and to a spontaneous decrease of the unfused lumbar lordosis (−8°. When the fusion was extended, the lumbar lordosis increased (+8°. A lumbar osteotomy with limited fusion leads to a correction of the lumbar lordosis and to a spontaneous increase of the unfused thoracic kyphosis (+13°. When the fusion was extended, the thoracic kyphosis increased by 6°. Conclusion. Data from this study suggest that lumbar and thoracic resection leads to reciprocal changes in unfused segments and requires consideration beyond focal corrections.

  10. Mid-Face Degloving: An Alternate Approach to Extended Osteotomies of the Midface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parameswaran, Anantanarayanan; Jayakumar, Naveen Kumar; Ramanathan, Manikandhan; Sailer, Hermann F

    2017-01-01

    Extended osteotomies for mid-face advancement require generous exposure of the anterior maxilla, nasal bones, infraorbital rims, orbital floor, zygoma, and the anterior third of the zygomatic arches. This cannot be obtained with an exclusive transoral approach. Hence, the surgeon is usually compelled to utilize supplemental cutaneous incisions that are a compromise on the purpose behind a cosmetic surgery. In order to alleviate the need for such compromise, the authors advocate the mid face degloving approach for extended osteotomies at Lefort II and Lefort III levels. Mid face degloving involves a combination of circumvestibular incision, with inter cartilaginous and transfixation components from a nasal incision. The authors have utilized this technique for 9 patients and documented favorable results. The purpose of this paper is to focus the utility of this approach in orthognathic surgery and promote this as a viable alternative to traditional approaches in surgery of the mid face because of the absence of external scars.

  11. What Is the Role for Patelloplasty With Gullwing Osteotomy in Revision TKA?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gililland, Jeremy M; Swann, Presley; Pelt, Christopher E; Erickson, Jill; Hamad, Nadia; Peters, Christopher L

    2016-01-01

    Management of the patella in revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is challenging as a result of the deficient or unusable bone stock for patellar resurfacing that is frequently encountered. Options proposed in this setting include various patelloplasty procedures, patellectomy, and special patellar components. We sought to better define the role and results of one patelloplasty procedure, the gullwing osteotomy, used in revision TKA. (1) How much improvement in the outcome measures of range of motion and Knee Society scores was seen after revision TKA with a gullwing osteotomy? (2) What are the radiographic results of this osteotomy as judged by patellar healing and patellar tracking? (3) What complications are associated with the gullwing osteotomy in revision TKA? Between December 2003 and July 2012, we used a gullwing osteotomy on patients undergoing revision TKA (n = 238) in which the patellar remnant was avascular or less than 12 mm thick. This uncommon procedure was used in 17 of 115 (15%) of the patellae revised during this time. We performed manual chart reviews on all patients to collect preoperative and postoperative range of motion and Knee Society scores as well as radiographic review at last followup to assess patellar healing and tracking. In patients with at least 2 years of followup, the preoperative range of motion was a median -7.5° of extension (interquartile range [IQR], -15°-0°) and 90° of flexion (IQR, 90°-100°). Postoperative extension improved to 0° (IQR, 0°-0°; p = 0.015). With the numbers available, median flexion arc did not change at last followup (110°; IQR, 95°-120°; p = 0.674). The Knee Society score improved from a combined (clinical + functional) mean of 86 (95% confidence interval [CI], 56-116) preoperatively to 142 (95% CI, 121-163; p osteotomy with osseous union and one patient healed with a fibrous union. Nine of the 10 patients with at least 2 years of followup had a centrally tracking gullwing osteotomized

  12. Intermediate to long-term results following the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy and predictors of clinical outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matheney, Travis; Kim, Young-Jo; Zurakowski, David; Matero, Catherine; Millis, Michael

    2009-09-01

    The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy is a commonly used non-arthroplasty option to treat developmental hip dysplasia in symptomatic younger patients. Predicting which hips will remain preserved and which hips will go on to require arthroplasty following periacetabular osteotomy is a major challenge. In the present study, we assessed the intermediate to long-term results following periacetabular osteotomy to demonstrate the clinical outcomes for patients with varying amounts of dysplasia and arthritis. From these results, a probability-of-failure analysis was conducted to predict the likelihood of hip preservation and to improve surgical decision-making. Of the 189 hips (in 157 patients) that were treated with periacetabular osteotomy by a single surgeon from May 1991 to September 1998, thirty-one had diagnoses other than developmental hip dysplasia and twenty-three were lost to follow-up. The remaining 135 hips (in 109 patients) were retrospectively reviewed at an average of nine years. Hips were evaluated with use of the pain subscale of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index postoperatively as well as with radiographs that were made preoperatively and at one and more than five years postoperatively. Osteotomy failure was defined as a pain score of >or=10 or the need for total hip arthroplasty. One hundred and two hips (76%) remained preserved at an average of nine years, with an average Western Ontario and McMaster Universities pain score of 2.4 of 20. Thirty-three hips (24%) met the failure criteria: seventeen underwent arthroplasty at an average of 6.1 years after the osteotomy, and sixteen had a postoperative pain score of >or=10. Kaplan-Meier analysis with arthroplasty as the end point revealed a survival rate of 96% (95% confidence interval, 93% to 99%) at five years and 84% (95% confidence interval, 77% to 90%) at ten years. Complications occurred in twenty hips. Fifteen hips (11%) were treated with a subsequent arthroscopy

  13. Dentoalveolar Segmental Osteotomy Combined with Orthodontic Treatment for an Impacted and Ankylosed Upper Canine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aludden, Hanna Cecilia; Jensen, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    for the management of ankylosed teeth involving extraction, surgical luxation, and osteotomy followed by dentoalveolar distraction or conventional orthodontic treatment. This case report describes a 55-year-old female who was referred by her orthodontist due to an impacted and ankylosed maxillary upper left canine......Ankylosis is the abnormal adhesion of alveolar bone to dentin or cementum and commonly seen after traumatic dental injuries. Treatment of impacted and ankylosed teeth solely by orthodontics alignment may be challenging. Consequently, several treatment alternatives have been proposed....... A dentoalveolar segmental osteotomy with immediate repositioning of an upper canine was performed. One year after final orthodontic treatment a satisfying occlusal and esthetic treatment outcome was obtained....

  14. Bad splits in bilateral sagittal split osteotomy: systematic review of fracture patterns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steenen, S A; Becking, A G

    2016-07-01

    An unfavourable and unanticipated pattern of the mandibular sagittal split osteotomy is generally referred to as a 'bad split'. Few restorative techniques to manage the situation have been described. In this article, a classification of reported bad split pattern types is proposed and appropriate salvage procedures to manage the different types of undesired fracture are presented. A systematic review was undertaken, yielding a total of 33 studies published between 1971 and 2015. These reported a total of 458 cases of bad splits among 19,527 sagittal ramus osteotomies in 10,271 patients. The total reported incidence of bad split was 2.3% of sagittal splits. The most frequently encountered were buccal plate fractures of the proximal segment (types 1A-F) and lingual fractures of the distal segment (types 2A and 2B). Coronoid fractures (type 3) and condylar neck fractures (type 4) have seldom been reported. The various types of bad split may require different salvage approaches.

  15. Primary and revision total hip replacement without cement and with associated femoral osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holtgrewe, J L; Hungerford, D S

    1989-12-01

    Nine porous-coated total hip prostheses were implanted without cement in nine patients who had a major proximal femoral deformity. Six patients had revision and three, primary total hip replacement. In all nine patients, as well placed corrective osteotomy was needed to successfully perform the arthroplasty. The average time until union of the proximal femoral osteotomy was fifteen weeks for the patients who had a primary arthroplasty and twenty-seven weeks for the patients who had a revision arthroplasty. The average Harris hip-rating score was 94 points for the patients who had a primary arthroplasty and 84 points (range, 60 to 93 points) for those who had a revision arthroplasty. The length of follow-up averaged forty-seven months.

  16. Salter%u2019s Innominate Osteotomy in the Treatment of Congenital Hip Dislocation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eyup Cagatay Zengin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Developmental displazy of hip is much seenillness which interest orthopaedic surgery in Turkey and around the world. In early times of illness conservative treatment is succesful but late times of illness surgery is necessary. Salter’s innominate osteotomy, since its initial description in 1961, has become a well-established surgical procedure in the treatment of congenital dislocation of the hip.Material and Method: We reviewed 59 patients with 74 congenitally dislocated hips, all managed by open reduction and Salter’s innominate osteotomy. Mean follow-up period was 4,2 years (range, 2 to 7 years; %82,4 of the hips had a excellent clinical result, and %75,7 were excellent radiologically. The patients who underwent Salter’s innominate osteotomy before the age of 3 had beter clinical and radiological results (%90,4 and %82,5, respectively. The radiographs of the unilateral normal hips were compared to the surgically treated hips according to their acetabular index angles, center-edge angles of Wiberg and femoral neck-shaft angles. No statistical differences were found between these two groups. The Kalamchi-McEwen classification of avascular necrosis. The late radiographic signs of types 2, 3 and 4 avasculer necrosis were seen in %10,8 of this series. Discussion: The results show that Salter’s innominate osteotomy provides good lateral coverage of the femoral head. The results are beter if the operation is performed between the ages 18 months and 3 years.

  17. Ischemia of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve during periacetabular osteotomy using Smith-Petersen approach

    OpenAIRE

    Kiyama, Takahiko; Naito, Masatoshi; Shiramizu, Kei; Shinoda, Tuyoshi; Maeyama, Akira

    2009-01-01

    Background Lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) injury is a common complication in the Smith-Petersen approach to the hip. This complication may be induced by neural ischemia or direct trauma during the procedure. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the neural ischemia of LFCN and postoperative sensory disturbance. Materials and methods Nineteen patients who underwent periacetabular osteotomy through the Smith-Petersen approach were investigated. To evaluat...

  18. Lordosis restoration after Smith-Petersen osteotomies and interbody strut placement: a radiographic study in cadavers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Michael J; Wiater, Brett; Bransford, Richard J; Bellabarba, Carlo; Chapman, Jens R

    2010-12-01

    Six human lumbar cadaveric specimens evaluated after sequential steps in restoration of lumbar lordosis. To determine the effect of Smith-Petersen osteotomies (SPO) with concurrent interbody strut placement on lordosis in the lumbar spine. The importance of restoration of lumbar lordosis is well recognized. SPO have been suggested to yield roughly 10° of lordosis per level, whereas pedicle subtraction osteotomies have been shown to result in over 30° of lordosis restoration. Though the pedicle subtraction osteotomy can achieve greater degrees of lordosis, there is considerable surgical morbidity associated. We hypothesize that SPO with an interbody strut placed within the disc space will result significantly greater lordosis than SPO alone. Lateral radiographs of 6 human lumbar specimens were obtained after 3 interventions as follows: (1) lumbar spine without osteotomy in maximal extension, (2) after SPO at L2, L3, and L4 and held in maximal extension with pedicle screw fixation, and (3) after SPO at L2, L3, and L4 with interbody cage placement in L2-L3, L3-L4, and L4-L5 held in maximal extension with pedicle screw fixation. The mean lordosis in the intact specimens was 7.03° (standard deviation [SD], 2.21°). The mean lordosis after SPO was 11.05° (SD, 1.05°). The mean lordosis after SPO and interbody strut placement was 15.72° (SD, 3.19°). The difference in lordosis in the osteotomized specimens with and without interbody strut was significantly (P lordosis, significantly greater than that of SPO alone.

  19. Piezoelectric Trapezoidal Osteotomy for the Retrieval of a Displaced Dental Implant in the Osteoporotic Mandibular Body.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Yong-Dae; Pae, Ahran

    2016-10-01

    A female patient in her mid-seventies was referred to our department for the removal of a displaced implant within the right posterior mandible. A trapezoidal window was made using a piezoelectric device. The implant was extracted, and the osteotomized window was replaced without fixation. Caution should be exercised during implant placement in patients with osteoporosis because of the risk of implant displacement. Displaced implants can be easily retrieved by piezoelectric trapezoidal osteotomy.

  20. Stability of simultaneous modified LeFort III/LeFort I osteotomies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitz, J P; Tiner, B D; Van Sickels, J E

    1995-10-01

    The objective of this study was to examine maxillary skeletal stability after simultaneous modified LeFort III/LeFort I osteotomy in patients who presented for the simultaneous correction of midface and maxillary hypoplasia. Eleven patients underwent simultaneous modified LeFort III/LeFort I osteotomies using transoral and transconjunctival surgical approaches. The mean net surgical movement at A point (A pt) was 5.2 mm anteriorly and 2 mm inferiorly. Titanium mini-plates were used to stabilize both the midface component and the LeFort I segment; iliac crest or calvarial bone grafts as well as freeze-dried cancellous blocks were used at the zygoma and lateral orbital rim regions. All patients had lateral cephalometric radiographs taken immediately postoperatively, and at their sixth week, sixth month, and one year follow-up visits. Five maxillary landmarks (CI, A pt, ANS, PNS, and 2M) were used to examine the horizontal and vertical changes occurring at each time period. The central incisor relapsed vertically 2.8 mm at six months, A pt relapsed vertically 2.3 mm at six months, ANS relapsed posteriorly 1.6 mm at 6 weeks, PNS relapsed 1.5 mm anteriorly at one year. This study demonstrated that the maxilla moved anteriorly 1.5 mm and superiorly 2.8 mm in simultaneous modified LeFort III/LeFort I osteotomies performed with mini-plate fixation and bone grafts. This movement should be considered when planning and performing simultaneous surgical movement of the maxilla and midface using modified LeFort II/LeFort I osteotomies. Appropriate occlusal overcorrection at the time of surgery is necessary.

  1. Treatment of Long-standing Condylar Dislocation with Vertical Ramus Osteotomy: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeed Nezafati

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Condylar dislocation is not an uncommon condition and occurs when the condyles are displaced anterior to the articular eminence and are unable to reduce back into the glenoid fossa. Long-standing dislocations are difficult to treat with the con-servative methods and usually need surgical intervention. In this paper, a long-standing dislocation treated by bilateral ex-tra-oral ramus osteotomy is described and the literature is reviewed.

  2. [Bernese periacetabular osteotomy. : Indications, technique and results 30 years after the first description].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lerch, T D; Steppacher, S D; Liechti, E F; Siebenrock, K A; Tannast, M

    2016-08-01

    The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is a surgical technique for the treatment of (1) hip dysplasia and (2) femoroacetabular impingement due to acetabular retroversion. The aim of the surgery is to prevent secondary osteoarthritis by improvement of the hip biomechanics. In contrast to other pelvic osteotomies, the posterior column remains intact with this technique. This improves the inherent stability of the acetabular fragment and thereby facilitates postoperative rehabilitation. The birth canal remains unchanged. Through a shortened ilioinguinal incision, four osteotomies and one controlled fracture around the acetabulum are performed. The direction of acetabular reorientation differs for both indications while the sequence of the osteotomies remains the same. This surgical approach allows for a concomitant osteochondroplasty in the case of an aspherical femoral head-neck junction. The complication rate is relatively low despite the complexity of the procedure. The key point for a successful long term outcome is an optimal reorientation of the acetabulum for both indications. With an optimal reorientation and a spherical femoral head, the cumulative survivorship of the hip after 10 years is 80-90 %. For the very first 75 patients, the cumulative 20-year survivorship was 60 %. The preliminary evaluation of the same series at a 30-year follow-up still showed a survivorship of approximately 30 %. The PAO has become the standard procedure for the surgical therapy of hip dysplasia in adolescents and adults.

  3. Medial Translation of the Hip Joint Center Associated with the Bernese Periacetabular Osteotomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clohisy, John C; Barrett, Susan E; Gordon, J Eric; Delgado, Eliana D; Schoenecker, Perry L

    2004-01-01

    This study assessed medial translation of the hip joint achieved by the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) in correcting residual acetabular dysplasia deformities. 86 hips in 75 patients with an average age of 25 years (range, 12-50) were treated for symptomatic acetabular dysplasia with a periacetabular osteotomy. Radiographic analysis was performed to assess correction of the acetabular deformity with specific attention to the horizontal position of the hip joint center. All hips were followed until bony union of the iliac osteotomy and the average follow-up was 28 months. The lateral center edge angle improved an average 31.6° (-0.4° preoperative, 31.2° at follow-up). Anterior center edge angle improved 39.3° (-4.5° to 34.8°). The acetabular roof obliquity improved an average 21.8° (25.1° to 3.3°). Preoperatively, the average distance from the medial aspect of the femoral head to the ilioischial line was 17.6 mm. This distance was decreased to an average 7.8 mm postoperatively. This change resulted in an average medial translation of the hip joint center of 9.8 mm, (range -6 to 31mm). Overall, some degree of medial translation of the hip joint center was obtained in 79 (92%) of the hips. 4 (5%) were maintained in the same horizontal position, and 3 (3%) had slight lateral repositioning. For the hips translated medially, the average change was 10.0 mm, and 72% of all hips had an optimal correction with the distance between the medial aspect of the femoral head and the ilioischial line being between 0 and 10 mm. This study demonstrates that in addition to optimizing femoral head coverage, a major and distinct advantage of the periacetabular osteotomy is reproducible and consistent medial translation of the hip joint center. PMID:15296205

  4. Pre-operative simulation of periacetabular osteotomy via a three-dimensional model constructed from salt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fukushima Kensuke

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO is an effective joint-preserving procedure for young adults with developmental dysplasia of the hip. Although PAO provides excellent radiographic and clinical results, it is a technically demanding procedure with a distinct learning curve that requires careful 3D planning and, above all, has a number of potential complications. We therefore developed a pre-operative simulation method for PAO via creation of a new full-scale model. Methods: The model was prepared from the patient’s Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM formatted data from computed tomography (CT, for construction and assembly using 3D printing technology. A major feature of our model is that it is constructed from salt. In contrast to conventional models, our model provides a more accurate representation, at a lower manufacturing cost, and requires a shorter production time. Furthermore, our model realized simulated operation normally with using a chisel and drill without easy breakage or fissure. We were able to easily simulate the line of osteotomy and confirm acetabular version and coverage after moving to the osteotomized fragment. Additionally, this model allowed a dynamic assessment that avoided anterior impingement following the osteotomy. Results: Our models clearly reflected the anatomical shape of the patient’s hip. Our models allowed for surgical simulation, making realistic use of the chisel and drill. Our method of pre-operative simulation for PAO allowed for the assessment of accurate osteotomy line, determination of the position of the osteotomized fragment, and prevented anterior impingement after the operation. Conclusion: Our method of pre-operative simulation might improve the safety, accuracy, and results of PAO.

  5. The Oblique Metaphyseal Shortening Osteotomy of the Distal Ulna: Surgical Technique and Results of Ten Patients.

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    Benis, Szabolcs; Goubau, Jean F; Mermuys, Koen; Van Hoonacker, Petrus; Berghs, Bart; Kerckhove, Diederick; Vanmierlo, Bert

    2017-02-01

    Background Ulnocarpal abutment is a common condition following distal radius fractures. There are different surgical methods of treatment for this pathology: open and arthroscopic wafer procedure or an ulnar shortening osteotomy. We describe an oblique metaphyseal shortening osteotomy of the distal ulna using two cannulated headless compression screws. We report the results of 10 patients treated with this method. Materials and Methods Out of 17 patients, 10 could be reviewed retrospectively for this study. Patient-rated outcomes were measured using the VAS (visual analogue scale) for pain, PRWHE (patient-rated wrist and hand evaluation) survey, and Quick-DASH (disability of arm, shoulder and hand) survey for functional outcomes. At the review we measured the range of motion (ROM) of the wrist (extension and flexion, ulnar and radial deviation, pronation and supination). Grip strength, pronation, and supination strength of the forearm was measured using a calibrated hydraulic dynamometer. ROM and strength of the affected wrist was compared with ROM and strength of the unaffected wrist. Surgical Procedure Oblique long metaphyseal osteotomy of the distal ulna (from proximal-ulnar to distal-radial), fixed with two cannulated headless compression screws. Results The average postoperative VAS score for pain was 23.71 (standard deviation [SD] of 30.41). The average postoperative PRWHE score was 32.55 (SD of 26.28). The average postoperative Quick-DASH score was 28.65 (SD of 27.21). The majority of patients had a comparable ROM and strength between the operated side and the non-operated side. Conclusion This surgical technique has the advantage of reducing the amount of hardware and to decrease the potential hinder caused by it on medium term. Moreover, the incision remains smaller, and the anatomic metaphyseal localization of the osteotomy potentially allows a better and rapid healing.

  6. Pre-operative simulation of periacetabular osteotomy via a three-dimensional model constructed from salt

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    Fukushima, Kensuke; Takahira, Naonobu; Uchiyama, Katsufumi; Moriya, Mitsutoshi; Takaso, Masashi

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an effective joint-preserving procedure for young adults with developmental dysplasia of the hip. Although PAO provides excellent radiographic and clinical results, it is a technically demanding procedure with a distinct learning curve that requires careful 3D planning and, above all, has a number of potential complications. We therefore developed a pre-operative simulation method for PAO via creation of a new full-scale model. Methods: The model was prepared from the patient’s Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) formatted data from computed tomography (CT), for construction and assembly using 3D printing technology. A major feature of our model is that it is constructed from salt. In contrast to conventional models, our model provides a more accurate representation, at a lower manufacturing cost, and requires a shorter production time. Furthermore, our model realized simulated operation normally with using a chisel and drill without easy breakage or fissure. We were able to easily simulate the line of osteotomy and confirm acetabular version and coverage after moving to the osteotomized fragment. Additionally, this model allowed a dynamic assessment that avoided anterior impingement following the osteotomy. Results: Our models clearly reflected the anatomical shape of the patient’s hip. Our models allowed for surgical simulation, making realistic use of the chisel and drill. Our method of pre-operative simulation for PAO allowed for the assessment of accurate osteotomy line, determination of the position of the osteotomized fragment, and prevented anterior impingement after the operation. Conclusion: Our method of pre-operative simulation might improve the safety, accuracy, and results of PAO. PMID:28186873

  7. Efficacy of tranexamic acid on blood loss during bimaxilary osteotomy: A randomized double blind clinical trial

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    Abbas Karimi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Tranexamic acid has been used to reduce bleeding and the subsequent need for blood transfusion in many surgeries. Because orthognathic surgery can be associated with significant bleeding, this study evaluated the efficacy of prophylactic intravenous (IV tranexamic acid on blood loss during bimaxillary osteotomy. Methods: Thirty-two consecutive patients, scheduled for elective bimaxillary osteotomy, were included in the study and 16 were randomly assigned to each group. They received tranexamic acid (20 mg/kg or equal volume of placebo (normal saline intravenously just before induction of anesthesia. Intraoperative blood loss, pre and post operative hemoglobin (Hb and hematocrit (Hct concentration, duration of surgery, hospital stay time, and rate of blood transfusion were recorded for each patient. Results: Intraoperative blood loss in the tranexamic group and control group were 585.9 and 790 mL respectively (P=0.008. Postoperative Hb concentration at the 6 th hour was greater in the tranexamic group (P=0.008. There was no significant difference in the Hct concentration between the study groups. There was no significant difference in blood transfusion rate, hospital stay time and duration of surgery between the study groups. Conclusion: Preoperative IV administration of tranexamic acid reduces the amount of blood loss during bimaxillary osteotomy.

  8. Hip Reconstruction Osteotomy by Ilizarov Method as a Salvage Option for Abnormal Hip Joints

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    Masood Umer

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Hip joint instability can be secondary to congenital hip pathologies like developmental dysplasia (DDH or acquired such as sequel of infective or neoplastic process. An unstable hip is usually associated with loss of bone from the proximal femur, proximal migration of the femur, lower-extremity length discrepancy, abnormal gait, and pain. In this case series of 37 patients coming to our institution between May 2005 and December 2011, we report our results in treatment of unstable hip joint by hip reconstruction osteotomy using the Ilizarov method and apparatus. This includes an acute valgus and extension osteotomy of the proximal femur combined with gradual varus and distraction (if required for realignment and lengthening at a second, more distal, femoral osteotomy. 18 males and 19 females participated in the study. There were 17 patients with DDH, 12 with sequelae of septic arthritis, 2 with tuberculous arthritis, 4 with posttraumatic arthritis, and 2 with focal proximal femoral deficiency. Outcomes were evaluated by using Harris Hip Scoring system. At the mean follow-up of 37 months, Harris Hip Score had significantly improved in all patients. To conclude, illizarov hip reconstruction can successfully improve Trendelenburg’s gait. It supports the pelvis and simultaneously restores knee alignment and corrects lower-extremity length discrepancy (LLD.

  9. Salter innominate osteotomy in the treatment of late presentation Perthes disease.

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    Yavuz, Umut; Demir, Bilal; Yildirim, Timur; Beng, Kubilay; Karakas, Eyup Salahattin

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological results of patients presenting older than eight years and treated with Salter osteotomy for Perthes disease. Seventeen patients (18 hips) with late presentation of Perthes disease treated with Salter osteotomy. Sixteen males were identified. The average age of patients was 8.8 years (range 8-12). Preoperation radiographs were analysed for lateral pillar staging, centre-periphery (CP) angle, Sharp acetabular index, acetabular depth index, acetabular covering percentage and Cross-over sign. Final follow-up radiograph were classified using modified Stulberg grade. The average follow-up of the patients was 78 months (range 40-104). During the surgery, seven hips were found to be lateral pillar grade B, three hips grade B/C and 8 hips grade C. In the final examination, 10 hips were evaluated as good (Stulberg 1 or 2), seven as medium (Stulberg 3) and one as bad (Stulberg 4). There was shortening in four patients who were all either Stulberg stage 3 or 4. A meaningful difference was detected between the pre-operation and post-operation radiographic values, regardless of the surgical staging. However, no statistical difference was found between the patients in Stulberg stage 3 or 4 and stage 1 or 2 for radiographic variables. Salter osteotomy can be used to treat older patients with lateral pillar stage B, B/C and C at presentation.

  10. Correction of gait after derotation osteotomies in cerebral palsy: Are the effects predictable?

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    Böhm, Harald; Hösl, Matthias; Dussa, Chacravarthy U; Döderlein, Leonhard

    2015-10-01

    Derotation osteotomies of the femur and tibia are established procedures to improve transverse plane deformities during walking with inwardly pointing knees and in- and out toeing gait. However, effects of femoral derotation osteotomies on gait were reported to be small, and those for the tibia are not known. Therefore, the aim of the study was to show the relation between the amount of intraoperative rotation and the changes during gait for osteotomies at femur and tibia levels, and predict those for the femur from preoperative clinical and gait data. Forty-four patients with spastic cerebral palsy between 6 and 19 years were included, 33 limbs received rotation only at the femur, 8 only at the tibia and 12 limbs at both levels. Gait analysis and clinical testing was performed pre- and 21.4 (SD=1.8) months postoperatively. The amount of intraoperative derotation of the femur showed no significant correlation with the change in hip rotation during walking (R=-0.17, p=0.25), whereas the rotation of the tibia showed an excellent relationship (R=0.84, pgait. Strength and passive range of motion in hip extension and abduction as well as hip extension or abduction or foot progression during walking did not show any predictive significance. In conclusion changes of knee rotation during gait is directly predictable from the amount of tibial corrections, contrary the change in hip rotation was not related to the amount of femoral derotation, and prediction was only fair.

  11. Arthrodesis of the Trapeziometacarpal Joint Using a Chevron Osteotomy and Plate Fixation

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    G. Shyamalan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Trapeziometacarpal (TM osteoarthritis is common. Despite the availability of numerous surgical options, none has been definitively proven to be superior. This study aims to determine the union rate and key strength following arthrodesis using a chevron osteotomy and plate fixation. Methods. 32 consecutive cases of TM joint arthrodesis performed between 2001 and 2006 were retrospectively identified. A chevron osteotomy was used to resect joint surfaces and fixation obtained using an AO mini T-plate. The patients were followed up for a mean of 65 months. Outcomes included visual analogue pain score, patient satisfaction, pinch strength, radiographic union, radiographic signs of scaphotrapezial arthritis, and complications. Results. The 32 cases included 16 females and 8 males with an average age of 56 years. Overall there was a 90% patient satisfaction rate. Average key pinch strength was 8.4 kg and pain score was 2.5. The union rate was 94%, and the two patients with nonunion underwent successful revision surgery. Only one case of radiographic progression of scaphotrapezoid arthritis was identified during followup. Conclusion. TM joint arthrodesis using a chevron osteotomy and plate fixation has high patient satisfaction and low nonunion rates. The authors endorse this technique in the management of TM joint osteoarthritis.

  12. Guided Modern Endodontic Surgery: A Novel Approach for Guided Osteotomy and Root Resection.

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    Strbac, Georg D; Schnappauf, Albrecht; Giannis, Katharina; Moritz, Andreas; Ulm, Christian

    2017-03-01

    Continuous improvements in techniques, instruments, and materials have established modern endodontic microsurgery as a state-of-the-art treatment method. The purpose of this approach was to introduce a new surgical endodontic technique by using a three-dimensional printed template for guided osteotomy and root resection. A 38-year-old patient was diagnosed with periapical lesions of teeth #3 and #4 and extruded gutta-percha material. Three-dimensional radiographic and optical scan files were imported into surgical planning software designed for guided implant surgery. Within the adapted software program the periapical lesions and the extruded gutta-percha were visualized and marked. With the aid of virtually positioned surgical pins and piezoelectric instruments, the osteotomy size, the apical resection level, and the bevel angle were defined before treatment. Three-dimensional surgical templates for each tooth were designed within the software program for a guided treatment approach. This approach comprised the treatment of periapical lesions of teeth #3 and #4 with root-end fillings and the detection and complete removal of the extruded gutta-percha material without perforation of sinus membrane. There were no postoperative complications, and clinical and radiologic assessments verified complete healing of the teeth. The guided microsurgical endodontic treatment presented appears to be a viable technique that allows for predefined osteotomies and root resections. Copyright © 2016 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Change in condylar position in posterior bending osteotomy minimizing condylar torque in BSSRO for facial asymmetry.

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    Yang, Hoon Joo; Hwang, Soon Jung

    2014-06-01

    During the correction of an asymmetric mandible with sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO), bony interference between the proximal and distal segments inevitably occurs. This results in positional change of the condyle. In order to avoid this, a posterior bending osteotomy (PBO) has been introduced. This is an additional vertical osteotomy posterior to the second molar after SSRO. To investigate the change in condylar position after SSRO with PBO, 22 patients with facial asymmetry were enrolled and divided into two groups based on the surgical method used to remove the bony interference after SSRO: PBO (n = 13) and the grinding method (n = 9). Each group was subdivided into large and small bony interference groups by estimating the volume of bony interference with simulation surgery. Condylar displacement was evaluated by three-dimensional superimposition and the amount of condylar displacement was calculated. The positional changes of the condyles were variable in each patient. When comparing patients with large bony interference in the PBO and grinding groups, the condyles were significantly inwardly rotated in the grinding group (p condylar torque. However, PBO would be beneficial in correcting large bony interferences while minimizing condylar torque.

  14. Analysis of bone formation after cranial osteotomies with a high-speed drill.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barone, C M; Jimenez, D F; Yule, G J; Strauch, B

    1997-11-01

    Ten New Zealand white 22-week-old rabbits were divided into two groups of five each. The Midas Rex drill with a C-1 drill bit was used to make a full-thickness sagittal osteotomy 2 cm in length. A B-5 bit and footplate attachment were used to make a 2-cm linear osteotomy parallel to the first. Four drill holes 1 mm in diameter were made over the nasal bones on the ipsilateral side. In Group A animals, half of the skull had no irrigation; the other half of the skull was irrigated with room temperature saline. In Group B animals half of the skull was irrigated with iced saline irrigation; the other half of the skull was irrigated with room temperature irrigation fluid, and the osteotomy sites were filled with bone wax. Specimens were harvested at 8 weeks and evaluated grossly and histologically. The results showed that all the drill holes closed in the nasal bones regardless of the type of irrigation used or whether bone wax was used. Iced saline irrigation and room temperature irrigation had similar positive effects on bone formation in contrast to the no-irrigation group, which had inferior bone formation. Bone wax appeared also to have a detrimental effect on bone formation.

  15. Results of Chiari pelvic osteotomy for acetabular dysplasia in adults; Association with bone scintigraphic findings

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    Nakamura, Nobuo; Ozono, Kenji; Sugano, Nobuhiko; Takaoka, Kunio; Ono, Hiroo (Osaka Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Medicine)

    1993-02-01

    In an attempt to determine indications of Chiari pelvic osteotomy in acetabular dysplasia, postoperative outcome of hip joint (64 joints) was examined on the basis of findings of bone scintigraphy. The subjects were 61 patients with osteoarthrosis of hip joint who underwent preoperative bone scintigraphy. The follow-up period ranged from 2 years to 9 years and 7 months with a mean of 4 years and 9 months. According to X-ray findings, 37 osteoarthrosis joints were staged as early and 27 as progressive. Preoperative bone scintigraphic findings fell into three: (I) normal or slight hot type (33 joints), (II) hot type at the weighting part (16 joints), and (III) double hot type in the weighting part and inside part (15 joints). None of the patients had severe surgical complications such as deep-seated infection, neuroparalysis and pseudojoint. According to the clinical staging for hip joint function, 7 (47%) of 64 joints were judged as poor after osteotomy, belonging to type III. Deterioration of osteoarthrosis was seen in 11 joints (41%) on X-ray films. Of these, 9 had type III. In conclusion, Chiari pelvic osteotomy should not be indicated when type III is shown on bone scintigrams. (N.K.).

  16. Secondary Subacromial Impingement after Valgus Closing-Wedge Osteotomy for Proximal Humerus Varus

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    Hirotaka Sano

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A 31-year-old construction worker had been suffering from both the motion pain and the restriction of elevation in his right shoulder due to severe varus deformity of humeral neck, which occurred after proximal humeral fracture. The angle for shoulder flexion and abduction was restricted to 50 and 80 degrees, respectively. Valgus closing-wedge osteotomy followed by the internal fixation using a locking plate was carried out at 12 months after injury. Postoperatively, the head-shaft angle of the humerus improved from 65 to 138 degrees. Active flexion and abduction angles improved from 80 to 135 degrees and from 50 to 135 degrees, respectively. However, the patient complained from a sharp pain with a clicking sound during shoulder abduction even after removal of the locking plate. Since subacromial steroid injection temporarily relieved his shoulder pain, we assumed that the secondary subacromial impingement was provoked after osteotomy. Thus, arthroscopic subacromial decompression was carried out at 27 months after the initial operation, which finally relieved his symptoms. In the valgus closing-wedge osteotomy, surgeons should pay attention to the condition of subacromial space to avoid causing the secondary subacromial impingement.

  17. Planning for corrective osteotomy of the femoral bone using 3D-modeling. Part I

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    Alexey G Baindurashvili

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. In standard planning for corrective hip osteotomy, a surgical intervention scheme is created on a uniplanar paper medium on the basis of X-ray images. However, uniplanar skiagrams are unable to render real spatial configuration of the femoral bone. When combining three-dimensional and uniplanar models of bone, human errors inevitably occur, causing the distortion of preset parameters, which may lead to glaring errors and, as a result, to repeated operations. Aims. To develop a new three-dimensional method for planning and performing corrective osteotomy of the femoral bone, using visualizing computer technologies. Materials and methods. A new method of planning for corrective hip osteotomy in children with various hip joint pathologies was developed. We examined the method using 27 patients [aged 5–18 years (32 hip joints] with congenital and acquired femoral bone deformation. The efficiency of the proposed method was assessed in comparison with uniplanar planning using roentgenograms. Conclusions. Computerized operation planning using three-dimensional modeling improves treatment results by minimizing the likelihood of human errors and increasing planning and surgical intervention  accuracy.

  18. Histomorphometric evaluation of bone healing in rabbit fibular osteotomy model without fixation

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    Paixão Fabio B

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Animal models of fracture consolidation are fundamental for the understanding of the biological process of bone repair in humans, but histological studies are rare and provide only qualitative results. The objective of this article is to present the histomorphometric study of the bone healing process using an experimental model of osteotomy in rabbit fibula without interference of synthesis material. Methods Fifteen rabbits were submitted to fibular osteotomy without any fixation device. Groups of five animals were submitted to pharmacological euthanasia during a period of one (group A, two (group B and four weeks (group C after osteotomy. Histomorphometric evaluation was performed in the histological sections. Results During week one there was intense cellularity (67/field, a large amount of woven bone (75.7% and a small amount of lamellar bone (7.65%. At two weeks there was a decrease in woven bone (41.59% and an increase in lamellar bone (15.16%. At four weeks there was a decrease of cellularity (19.17/field and lamellar bone (55.56% exceeded the quantity of woven bone (31.68%. Conclusion Histomorphometric (quantitative evaluation of the present study was shown to be compatible with bone healing achieved in qualitative experimental models that have been commended in the literature.

  19. Corrective distal radius osteotomy: including bilateral differences in 3-D planning.

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    Dobbe, J G G; Vroemen, J C; Strackee, S D; Streekstra, G J

    2013-07-01

    After a fracture of the distal radius, the bone segments may heal in a suboptimal position. This condition may lead to a reduced hand function, pain and finally osteoarthritis, sometimes requiring corrective surgery. Recent studies report computer-assisted 3-D planning techniques in which the mirrored contralateral unaffected radius serves as reference for planning the position of the distal radius before corrective osteotomy surgery. Bilateral asymmetry, however, may introduce length errors into this type of preoperative planning that can be compensated for by taking into account the concomitant ulnae asymmetry. This article investigates a method for planning a correction osteotomy of the distal radius, while compensating for bilateral length differences using a linear regression model that describes the relationship between radii and ulnae asymmetry. The method is evaluated quantitatively using CT scans of 20 healthy individuals, and qualitatively using CT scans of patients suffering from a malunion of the distal radius. The improved planning method reduces absolute length deviations by a factor of two and markedly reduces positioning variation, from 2.9 ± 2.1 to 1.5 ± 0.6 mm. We expect the method to be of great value for future 3-D planning of a corrective distal radius osteotomy.

  20. [Femoral varus osteotomy combined with interlocking nailing for treatment of genu valgum].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Huimin; Tan, Mingsheng; Li, Zirong; Yang, Feng; Liang, Li; Zhang, Guangbo

    2005-03-15

    To assess the effect of medial distal femoral osteotomy combined with interlocking nailing on the treatment of knee osteoarthritis with valgus deformity. From May 1996 to August 2000, 16 patients with knee osteoarthritis accompanied by valgus deformity were treated by medial wedged distal femoral osteotomy combined with interlocking nailing. Full-length radiographs were taken before operation and 8 weeks and 2 years after operation. The parameters, including the femorotibial angle, the tibial angle, the femoral angle, the femoral condyle-tibial plateau angle, and the lateral joint space, were measured by these radiographs. The function of knee was evaluated by the 100-point rating scale standard of knee. The mean postoperative score was significantly improved from 50.4 +/- 15.9 points to 78.5 +/- 12.9 points 2 years after the surgery. The lateral joint space was increased from 2.1 +/- 1.8 mm to 4.7 +/- 1.7 mm and the femoral condyle-tibial angle decreased from 5.6 +/- 2.9 degrees to 1.6 +/- 3.4 degrees. There were complications in 2 cases: 1 case of delayed union and 1 case of superficial wound infection. Medial distal femoral osteotomy combined with interlocking nailing proves to be an effective approach to treat knee osteoarthritis with valgus deformity.

  1. Minimally invasive selective osteotomy of the knee: A new surgical technique.

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    Leon, H O; Blanco, C E; Guthrie, T B

    2001-05-01

    We present a simple surgical technique created by the authors to address degenerative chondral lesions of the knee and its application in a limited prospective case series. The technique assumes the concept of beneficial epiphyseal changes caused by disruption of the subchondral bone in improving symptoms, as with drilling, microfracture, periarticular osteotomy, and other invasive procedures. Minimally invasive selective osteotomy (MISO) is an expansion of the arthroscopic treatment of the knee, specifically targeting symptomatic lesions with minimal additional trauma and cost, while avoiding disruption of the articular surface of the subchondral bone. The technique involves a mimimal access approach with selective saw cuts placed with a 1-cm oscillating blade parallel to the joint surface 1 to 1.5 cm deep to identified lesions. The technique does not address malalignment but can address lesions not addressed by classic osteotomies and, as such, may be combined with other corrective alignment procedures as necessary. We present the results of MISO of the knee in a case series of 62 outpatients carried out at the Orthopaedic Division of the Clinical and Surgical Hermanos Ameijeiras Hospital in Havana, Cuba. At 2-year follow-up, there was improvement of symptoms without significant complications.

  2. Long-term results of valgus osteotomy for terminal-stage osteoarthritis of the hip.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohsawa, Suguru

    2017-01-01

    Pauwels' femoral osteotomy is a classical and joint-preserving method for osteoarthritis of the hip caused by acetabular dysplasia and/or subluxation. However, its application for terminal-stage osteoarthritis of the hip, and the long-term results, have not yet been reported. We herein aim to investigate the long-term results of valgus osteotomy for terminal-stage osteoarthritis of the hip. Eighty-two hips of 75 patients (74 women and 1 man, mean age: 48.1 years) classified as having terminal-stage osteoarthritis by Kellgren and Laurence were indicated for valgus osteotomy from 1984 to 1993. Sixty-three hips of 57 patients were followed for more than 20 years (mean: 298 months). Follow-up rate was 77%. Preoperative mean hip score (Harris Hip Score) was 46.4 points. Thirty-two hips were later converted to total hip arthroplasty (THA) (mean: 185 months after surgery). Of the hips without conversion to THA, 31 hips scored 72.8 points on average, and 21 hips scored 70 or more points at the final follow-up. Kaplan-Meier survivorship analysis revealed that 40% of the hips, classified as non-atrophic type (according to Bombelli's classification) at the time of operation, maintained their joint space width for 20 years (endpoint: less than 1 mm at the weight-bearing segment, i.e., recurrence of osteoarthritis) and also revealed that 60% of the hips were not converted for 20 years after the initial operation (endpoint: conversion to THA). Cox's proportional hazard model revealed that those with the atrophic type had a hazard risk 24 times greater than those with the non-atrophic type of osteoarthritis. This is the first report of the long-term results of osteotomy for terminal-stage osteoarthritis of the hip showing satisfactory results with a lengthy follow-up period. Pauwels' valgus femoral osteotomy for terminal-stage osteoarthritis, excluding atrophic type, could be an acceptable alternative to THA.

  3. Transiliac Osteotomy in Surgical Management of Pelvic Post-Traumatic Malunions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Shun; Wu, Junwei; Fu, Baisheng; Dong, Jinlei; Yang, Yongliang; Xin, Maoyuan; Wang, Guodong; He, Tong-Chuan; Zhou, Dongsheng

    2016-01-01

    Abstract While uncommon, post-traumatic pelvic malunions present reconstructive challenges and are associated with significant disability and financial burden. A transiliac osteotomy is a surgical technique useful to correct certain types of pelvic fracture malunions, and is only used when the correction of a limb-length discrepancy is the primary goal. This study aims to present our experience with this technique in the treatment of post-traumatic pelvic malunions. Eight patients who underwent transiliac osteotomies for post-traumatic pelvic malunions at our department from 2006 to 2011 were included in this study. We reviewed the clinical and radiographic results of these patients. By the time of their last follow-up, all osteotomy sites and iliac bone graft had healed with no evidence of internal fixation failure. Of the 3 patients who complained of preoperative posterior pain, 2 reported an improvement. All 8 patients noted the resolution of their lower back pain. At the time of their final follow-up, 4 patients could walk normally, 2 had a slight limp without a cane, 1 patient used a cane to help with standing and walking, and the final felt limited during ambulation with a cane. Limb-lengthening relative to preoperative measurements was 2.86 cm (2.2–3.0 cm) at the time of the last follow-up. Two patients were able to return to their previous jobs, 4 patients changed their jobs or engaged in light manual labor while the final 2 were able to perform activities of daily living but were unable to participate in work or labor. Three patients reported being “extremely satisfied” with their outcomes, 3 were “satisfied,” and 2 were “unsatisfied.” A transiliac osteotomy can be used to manage selected cases of post-traumatic pelvic malunions that are unable to be corrected with a traditional release and osteotomy. However, in these cases the correction of limb-length discrepancies should be the primary reconstructive goal. PMID:27043674

  4. Segmental sandwich osteotomy and tunnel technique for three-dimensional reconstruction of the jaw atrophy: a case report.

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    Santagata, Mario; Sgaramella, Nicola; Ferrieri, Ivo; Corvo, Giovanni; Tartaro, Gianpaolo; D'Amato, Salvatore

    2017-12-01

    A three-dimensionally favourable mandibular bone crest is desirable to be able to successfully implant placement to meet the aesthetic and functional criteria in the implant-prosthetic rehabilitation. Several surgical procedures have been advocated for bone augmentation of the atrophic mandible, and the sandwich osteotomy is one of these techniques. The aim of the present case report was to assess the suitability of segmental mandibular sandwich osteotomy combined with a tunnel technique of soft tissue. Based on our knowledge, nobody described before the sandwich osteotomy with tunnel technique to improve the healing of the wound and meet the dimensional requirements of preimplant bone augmentation in cases of a severely atrophic mandible. A 59-year-old woman with a severely atrophied right mandible was treated with the sandwich osteotomy technique filled with autologous bone graft harvested by a cortical bone collector from the ramus. Clinical examination revealed that the mandible was edentulous bilaterally from the first molar to the second molar region. Radiographically, atrophy of the mandibular alveolar ridge in the same teeth site was observed. We began to treat the right side. A horizontal osteotomy of the edentulous mandibular bone was then made with a piezoelectric device after tunnel technique of the soft tissue. The segmental mandibular sandwich osteotomy (SMSO) was finished by two (mesial and distal) slightly divergent vertical osteotomies. The entire bone fragment was displaced cranially, and the desirable position was obtained. The gap was filled completely with autologous bone chips harvested from the mandibular ramus through a cortical bone collector. No barrier membranes were used to protect the grafts. The vertical incisions were closing with interruptive suturing of the flaps with a resorbable material. In this way, the suture will not fall on the osteotomy line of the jaw; the result will be a better predictability of soft and hard tissue

  5. Modified basal osteotomy combined with osteogenic distraction (Hemi-Wing distraction) for correction of facial asymmetry: A new technique

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    Muñoz, Ruben; Diaz, Alvaro; Golaszewski, Jose

    2014-01-01

    Complete restoration of facial asymmetry is always difficult to achieve. Facial asymmetry due to growth disturbances of the jaws almost requires orthognathic surgical correction, followed, in many cases, by soft tissue corrections. Mandibular hypoplasia is the earliest skeletal manifestation of Hemifacial microsomy and the clinical defect becomes worse with the time, due to asymmetric growth and secondary midface deformity accompanying. Despite correction of the occlusal plane, facial asymmetry can persist if the mandibular body differs in height. We designed a new technique for skeletal correction of the mandibular basal plane combined with orthognatic surgery that avoided the disadvantages and limitations of other techniques. A 20-year-old male patient with facial asymmetry due to Hemifacial microsomy Type I also requires preoperative orthodontic treatment to align and level their teeth. He showed a 2mm midline shift to the left in combination with a cross bite of the left side. We decide to do a vertical enlargement of the mandibular left border by mandibular Hemiwing osteotomy and unilateral split ramus osteotomy for dental lines alignment with 8 mm of advancement of the hemi - wing genioplasty. Modificated basal osteotomy combined with osteogenic distraction works better than the classic total basal osteotomy with autologous bone graft, if used for the correct indications. We advocate this technique for its efficacy, simplicity, and safety. This technique can be apply for correction of vertical and transverse discrepancies of the mandibular border and combined with sagittal ramus osteotomies for correction of asymmetrical dental lines and oclusal plane. PMID:25593870

  6. Healing of osteotomy sites applying either piezosurgery or two conventional saw blades: a pilot study in rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Li; Stübinger, Stefan; Liu, Xi Ling; Schneider, Urs A; Lang, Niklaus P

    2013-08-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare bone healing of experimental osteotomies applying either piezosurgery or two different oscillating saw blades in a rabbit model. The 16 rabbits were randomly assigned into four groups to comply with observation periods of one, two, three and five weeks. In all animals, four osteotomy lines were performed on the left and right nasal bone using a conventional saw blade, a novel saw blade and piezosurgery. All three osteotomy techniques revealed an advanced gap healing starting after one week. The most pronounced new bone formation took place between two and three weeks, whereby piezoelectric surgery revealed a tendency to faster bone formation and remodelling. Yet, there were no significant differences between the three modalities. The use of a novel as well as the piezoelectric bone-cutting instrument revealed advanced bone healing with a favourable surgical performance compared to a traditional saw.

  7. Accelerated Degenerative Joint Disease After Staged Hip Arthroscopy and Periacetabular Osteotomy in a Patient with Hip Dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guss, Michael; Youm, Thomas

    2017-05-01

    Hip dysplasia, when significant, is effectively treated with periacetabular osteotomy. There have been good results reported with hip arthroscopy when dysplasia is mild. However, when dysplasia is significant, hip arthroscopy with labral repair alone has led to poor results and even rapid decline to end stage arthritis. Staged hip arthroscopy and periacetabular osteotomy would potentially treat the labral lesion and correct the underlying bony abnormality that resulted in the labral pathology. Such a staged treatment plan should help prevent progression to degenerative joint disease. We report a case of a 33-year-old woman who presented with left hip pain and was diagnosed with mild hip dysplasia and a labral tear. She underwent staged hip arthroscopy and labral repair followed by periacetabular osteotomy 2 weeks later. Three and a half months after surgery she developed constant pain and began limping at 5 months. Radiographs showed progression to severe degenerative joint disease. The patient was indicated for total hip arthroplasty.

  8. Supracondylar corrective osteotomy for cubitus varus--the internal rotation component and its importance. An unique bone experiment.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jimulia T

    1994-10-01

    Full Text Available In 20 patients with cubitus varus, a clinical test suggested by Yamamoto et al (1985 was carried out to measure the internal rotation. Average internal rotation was found to be 37.5 +/- 9.390. A correction for internal rotation was carried out for all the patients having angle more than 20 degrees. Following osteotomy, post-operative Yamamoto′s angle was measured and was found to be 8.85 +/- 6.5. An experiment was carried out on postmortem human humerus with cubitus varus. The internal rotation was measured with Kirschner wires and was found to be 30 degrees. Osteotomy was carried out to eliminate varus and correct internal rotation. Radiographs taken before and after the osteotomy confirmed the correction. We conclude that this derotation has to be corrected and Yamamoto′s test should be used to assess the correction.

  9. Subtrochanteric femoral shortening osteotomy combined with cementless total hip replacement for Crowe type IV developmental dysplasia: a retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rollo, Giuseppe; Solarino, Giuseppe; Vicenti, Giovanni; Picca, Girolamo; Carrozzo, Massimiliano; Moretti, Biagio

    2017-07-24

    Total hip replacement for high dislocation of the hip presents some difficulties, considering patients' young ages, the abnormal hip anatomy and the high rate of complications. In this study, we present our experience in terms of clinical and radiological results in the treatment of Crowe type IV hips with subtrochanteric femoral shortening osteotomy and cementless total hip replacement. We retrospectively reviewed 15 patients with Crowe type IV hip dysplasia (two bilateral cases for a total of 17 hips) treated with cementless total hip replacement associated with shortening subtrochanteric osteotomies (nine transversal and eight Z-shape osteotomies) between March 2000 to February 2006. The mean follow-up was 88 months (range 63-133). Harris hip score, leg length discrepancy, neurological status, union status of the osteotomy and the component stability were the criteria of the evaluation. All complications were noted. The mean HHS improved from 38.3 (range 32-52) to 85.6 (range 69-90). The mean preoperative leg length discrepancy was of 45 mm (range 38-70) and reduced to a mean of 12 mm (range 9-1.6) postoperatively. All osteotomies resulted healed at an average of 12.3 weeks (range 10-15). No cases of delayed union or nonunion were detected. Two patients (11%) showed early symptoms of sciatic nerve palsy which resolved uneventfully in 6 months. There was no migrations and none of the implants required revision. Cementless THA with shortening subtrochanteric osteotomy is an effective method in the treatment of patients with Crowe type IV development dysplasia of the hip. IV.

  10. Safety and efficacy of osteotomies in adult spinal deformity: what happens in the first year?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayhan, Selim; Aykac, Bilal; Yuksel, Selcen; Guler, Umit Ozgur; Pellise, Ferran; Alanay, Ahmet; Perez-Grueso, Francisco Javier Sanchez; Acaroglu, Emre

    2016-08-01

    Spinal surgery for adult spinal deformity (ASD) may require the use of osteotomies, which may have high complication rates (up to 80 %). These may be expected to affect health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in the early postoperative phase but little is known about the clinical course of these patients in the first year following surgery. The aim of the study is to evaluate the radiological results and HRQOL in patients undergoing a spinal osteotomy for ASD within the first year following surgery with special reference to the effect of complications. From a prospective multicenter ASD database, patients who had undergone a Smith-Petersen osteotomy (SPO), pedicle substraction osteotomy (PSO), vertebral column resection (VCR) or any combination of these were reviewed for radiological sagittal alignment parameters [sagittal vertical axis (SVA), global tilt, lumbar lordosis, T2-sagittal tilt (ST)] as well as HRQOL [Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), short form-36 items (SF-36) Physical Component Score (PCS), SF-36 mental CS (MCS), Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22 questionnaire (SRS-22) subtotal] preoperatively and at the 6th- and 12th-month follow-ups with special reference to complications classified as major (life threatening or requiring additional surgery) and minor and their effects on HRQOL. 121 patients (85 F, 36 M) with a total of 71 SPOs, 45 PSOs and 13 VCRs were evaluated. Osteotomy resulted in correction of the major coronal Cobb angle from 43.0 ± 3.7° to 24.8 ± 2.8° (p < 0.001) and the SVA from 69.0 ± 10.3 to 52.4 ± 6.6 mm (p = 0.001). Other radiological parameters showed no significant changes. Remarkable improvements in HRQOL scores with a strong age effect (p ≤ 0.01), for all instruments except SF-36 MCS, were found. Most of these HRQOL improvements have been achieved within the first 6 months. A total of 114 complications (59 major, 55 minor) that had a lesser effect on the age-adjusted HRQOL scores (p < 0.05) (except for

  11. Triple pelvic osteotomy in Legg-Calve-Perthes disease using a single anterolateral incision: a 4-year review.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Conroy, Eimear

    2010-07-01

    Femoral head incongruency at skeletal maturity is associated with the development of osteoarthritis in early adulthood. Containment of the femoral head provides a larger surface area for remodelling of the collapsed femoral head and the development of spherical congruency. Triple pelvic osteotomy has a role to play in Legg-Calve-Perthes\\' disease by improving femoral head containment and preventing subluxation. This is traditionally a two-incision approach with significant associated morbidity. In our unit we perform triple osteotomies through a single anterolateral incision. To retrospectively review the clinical and radiographic outcome of children who had triple osteotomies performed through a single incision over a 4-year period. In our unit from 2003 to 2006 we performed eight triple osteotomies through a single incision in children aged between 6 and 12 years with Legg-Calve-Perthes\\' disease. The procedure was performed through a single anterolateral incision made beneath the middle of the iliac crest and carried forward according to Salter\\'s osteotomy. Image intensification was used to confirm iliac, pubic and ischial cuts. After performing a standard Salter\\'s osteotomy the acetabular fragment was free to rotate anteriorly and laterally. None of the children were casted and all were allowed immediate mobilization nonweight bearing with crutches for 6 weeks. Clinical results and hip function were measured preoperatively and postoperatively using the modified Harris hip score. The average length of hospital stay was 4.7 days. None of the children had a nonunion. The centre edge angle of Wiberg was measured on all preoperative and postoperative anteroposterior pelvic radiographs. In all our patients there was an improvement in the centre edge angle of Wiberg and in the modified Harris hip score. The preoperative modified Harris hip scores ranged from 38 to 60 and postoperatively ranged from 77 to 92. The preoperative centre edge angle of Wiberg ranged

  12. Scarf and Weil metatarsal osteotomies of the lateral rays for correction of rheumatoid forefoot deformities: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roukis, Thomas S

    2010-01-01

    Scarf osteotomy of the first ray combined with Weil distal oblique shortening osteotomies of the lateral rays has recently been proposed for the treatment of global rheumatoid forefoot deformities because of the perceived benefit of sparing the metatarsal-phalangeal joints. Furthermore, it has been proposed that undergoing this form of global forefoot reconstruction is reliable based on specific preoperative and intraoperative techniques used to realign the individual rays. Finally, it has been proposed that performing global forefoot reconstruction in the rheumatoid patient population can be safely performed and does not prevent the ability to perform revision surgery. The author undertook a systematic review of electronic databases and other relevant sources to identify material relating to Scarf osteotomy of the first ray combined with Weil distal oblique shortening osteotomies of the lateral rays for the treatment of global rheumatoid forefoot deformities. Information from peer-reviewed journals, as well as from non-peer-reviewed publications, abstracts and posters, textbooks, and unpublished works, was also considered. In an effort to procure the highest quality studies available, studies were eligible for inclusion only if they involved patients undergoing Scarf osteotomy of the first ray combined with Weil distal oblique shortening osteotomies of the lateral rays, evaluated patients at mean follow-up of 12-months or longer duration, commented on the reliability of metatarsal realignment, and included details of complications, as well as the incidence and severity of wound-healing complications. Two studies were identified that met the inclusion criteria involving only 8 patients (8 feet) with 1 patient undergoing surgical revision in the form of arthrodesis secondary to development of a septic first metatarsal-phalangeal joint. Partial incision dehiscence developed in 2 patients, 1 healed with local wound care and the other led to the septic first metatarsal

  13. A computed tomography study in the location of greater palatine artery in South Indian population for maxillary osteotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Packiaraj

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The greater palatine artery is one of the important feeding vessel to the maxilla. The surgeon should know the surgical anatomy of greater palatine artery to avoid trauma in maxilla which leads to ischemic problems. Aim: The CT evaluation of the distance between Pyriform aperture and the greater palatine foramen in various ages of both sexes. Result: The distance varies according to sex and age which are measured by CT and standardised. Discussion: The lateral nasal osteotomy can be done upto 25 mm depth, instead of 20 mm. Conclusion: By this study it shows that the lateral nasal wall osteotomy can be performed without injury to greater palatine artery.

  14. The effectiveness of posterior knee capsulotomies and knee extension osteotomies in crouched gait in children with cerebral palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Daveda; Connor, Justin; Church, Chris; Lennon, Nancy; Henley, John; Niiler, Tim; Miller, Freeman

    2016-11-01

    Crouched gait is common in children with cerebral palsy (CP), and there are various treatment options. This study evaluated the effectiveness of single-event multilevel surgery including posterior knee capsulotomy or distal femoral extension osteotomy to correct knee flexion contracture in children with CP. Gait analyses were carried out to evaluate gait preoperatively and postoperatively. Significant improvements were found in physical examination and kinematic measures, which showed that children with CP and crouched gait who develop knee flexion contractures can be treated effectively using single-event multilevel surgery including a posterior knee capsulotomy or distal femoral extension osteotomy.

  15. [Metatarsus primus double osteotomy, a logical and non-disabling surgical technique for treatment of hallux valgus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osterwalder, A; Maestretti, G

    1993-09-01

    The procedure known as the Metatarsus Primus Double Osteotomy ("L'ostéotomie métatarsienne bipolaire" of Schnepp-Carret) for the treatment of the hallux valgus is a logical, efficient and non-mutilating procedure. The technique consists in reducing the hallux valgus deformity by a subcapital bone wedge resection of the metatarsus primus. The bone wedge is then pinched into a second proximal osteotomy of the metatarsus primus, correcting the varus deformity in a valgus direction. This procedure is little known and is not even mentioned in the classic orthopedic literature of German and English language.

  16. The inverted Z bunionectomy: quantitative analysis of the scarf and inverted scarf bunionectomy osteotomies in fresh cadaveric matched pair specimens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, J M; Stuck, R; Sartori, M; Patwardhan, A; Cane, R; Vrbos, L

    1994-01-01

    Quantitative analyses of the Scarf/Z and inverted Scarf/Z bunionectomy osteotomy procedures utilizing two-screw fixation were performed in fresh cadaveric specimens. Eighteen trials (nine matched pair feet) were used for direct comparison. Ultimate strength and failure areas were examined. Trial results revealed a strong statistically significant positive effect. The inverted Z approach was found, on average, 1.6 times stronger in resisting simulated weightbearing forces on the capital fragment to failure than that of the traditional Z bunionectomy osteotomy.

  17. Deep Venous Thrombosis in Teen With Crouzon Syndrome Post-Le Fort III Osteotomy With Rigid External Distraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roussel, Lauren O; Myers, Rene P; Girotto, John A

    2015-11-01

    Venous thromboembolic events are rare in pediatric patients. Risk factors associated with the development of venous thromboembolic events in pediatric patients include the use of central venous catheters, hospitalization, cancer, sepsis, trauma, surgery, and congenital prothrombotic disorders.The authors present the case of a 14-year-old man with Crouzon syndrome who required Le Fort III osteotomy with rigid external distraction for significant midface hypoplasia who presented postoperatively with an extensive deep venous thrombosis. This is the first reported case of symptomatic venous thrombosis post-Le Fort III osteotomy and rigid external distraction. Although rare, surgeons should be aware of this potential complication.

  18. [Imaging evaluations of Salter innominate osteotomy for developmental dysplasia of the hip].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Yongjian; Zhao, Li; Yu, Bin; Hu, Yanjun; Hu, Yifen; Chang, Siling

    2014-04-15

    To evaluate the imaging efficacies after Salter innominate osteotomy for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). A total of 51 DDH patients with 70 hips were recruited between March 2011 to August 2012. All of them underwent Salter innominate osteotomy. Preoperative radiographs including acetabular index (AI), sharp angle (SA), obturator angle and obturator height were measured. And postoperative radiographs were taken at 2 days, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year to measure the parameters of AI, sharp acetabular angle, obturator angle, obturator height, shifting index and descending angle of distal iliac end. Paired t test was used for statistical analyses. The average correction of AI was 35.5° ± 2.3° preoperatively versus 14.6° ± 1.6° postoperatively ( P = 0.000) . The average correction of Sharp angle was 50.6° ± 3.7° preoperatively versus 33.1° ± 3.2° postoperatively (P = 0.000) . The average correction of obturator angle was 58.3° ± 3.9° preoperatively versus 39.5° ± 2.8° postoperatively (P = 0.000) . The average correction of obturator height was (1.65 ± 0.26) cm preoperatively versus (1.10 ± 0.14) cm postoperatively (P = 0.000) . At 3 months, 6 months and 1 year post-operation, the average values of AI, SA, obturator angle and obturator height continued to fall. Both of them showed statistical improvement. Shifting index and descending angle of distal iliac end were 30.1% ± 3.6% and 31.3° ± 4.1° on average. Six (8.57%) Shenton lines were bad. The imaging evaluations of acetabulum and pelvis show marked improvements until 1 year in DDH patients after Salter innominate osteotomy. It provides data reference for operative evaluations through measuring the imaging parameters of truncation bone.

  19. Mitchell′s osteotomy in the management of hallux valgus: An Indian perspective

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    Baba Asif

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hallux valgus is a common condition that affects the forefoot. A large number of procedures are described for managing this condition. Mitchell′s osteotomy and its modifications are being widely used for treating hallux valgus. However, most of the studies describe the results from the developed world. We present results of the classic Mitchell′s osteotomy in hallux valgus in Indian subcontinent. Materials and Methods: Forty eight adult patients (including 12 bilateral ones in the age range of 18-60 years with hallux valgus were managed with the classic Mitchell′s osteotomy. Pain over the bunion was the reason for surgery in 53 of 60 feet and cosmesis in the remaining 7 feet. Patients with hallux valgus angle more than 20° degrees and not responding to a trial of conservative treatment were included. Patients having metatarsophalangeal (MTP joint osteoarthritis (Grade II and higher, hallux rigidus, rheumatoid arthritis, and with subluxation of MTP joint were excluded from the study. Further, patients with first metatarsal more than 3 mm shorter than second metatarsal were also excluded. Results: The average follow-up period is 3 yrs (range 18months - 6yrs. About 55 feet (83% were painless after surgery. Forty-two (70% patients were happy with the cosmetic results of the surgery. Metatarsalgia was the reason for dissatisfaction with the procedure in five patients. The average correction of hallux valgus and the intermetatarsal angles achieved was 19.7° and 6.9°, respectively. Using the Broughton and Winson scoring system, 37 (61.7% feet had excellent results, 18 (30% had good, and five (8.3% feet had a poor results. Conclusion: The classic Mitchell′s procedure is a simple procedure and gives good cosmetic and radiological results.

  20. Anteromedialisation tibial tubercle osteotomy for recurrent patellar instability in young active patients: A retrospective case series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, David Y; Kanevsky, Raymond; Strauss, Eric J; Jazrawi, Laith M

    2016-03-01

    Recurrent patellar instability can be a source of continued pain and functional limitation in the young, active patient population. Instability in the setting of an elevated tibial tubercle-trochlear groove (TT-TG) distance can be effectively managed with a tibial tubercle osteotomy. At the present time, clinical outcome data are limited with respect to this surgical approach to patellar instability. A retrospective chart review was performed to identify all cases of tibial tubercle osteotomy for the management of patellar instability performed at our institution with at least 1 year of post-operative follow-up. Patient demographic information was collected along with relevant operative data. Each patient was evaluated post-operatively with their outcomes assessed utilising a visual analogue score of pain, patient satisfaction, Tegner Activity Scale and Kujala score. 31 patients (23 females and 8 males) with mean age of 27 years (17-43 years) and a mean BMI of 26.3kg/m(2) (19.6-35.8) at time of surgery who underwent a tibial tubercle osteotomy as treatment for recurrent patellar instability were identified. The cohort had a mean follow up of 4.4 years (1.5-11.8 years). The mean pre-operative TT-TG distance was 18mm (10-22mm). The mean VAS pain score demonstrated a significant improvement from 6.8 (95% CI 6.1-7.5) at baseline to 2.8 (95% CI 1.9-3.7) post-operatively (posteotomy is an effective treatment modality to reliably prevent patellar instability while reducing pain and improving function in this cohort of young, active patients. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  1. Hemi-wedge osteotomy in the management of large angular deformities around the knee joint.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Alfy, Barakat Sayed

    2016-08-01

    Angular deformity around the knee joint is a common orthopedic problem. Many options are available for the management of such problem with varying degrees of success and failure. The aim of the present study was to assess the results of hemi-wedge osteotomy in the management of big angular deformities about the knee joint. Twenty-eight limbs in 21 patients with large angular deformities around the knee joint were treated by the hemi-wedge osteotomy technique. The ages ranged from 12 to 43 years with an average of 19.8 years. The deformity ranged from 20° to 40° with a mean of 30.39° ± 5.99°. The deformities were genu varum in 12 cases and genu valgum in 9 cases. Seven cases had bilateral deformities. Small wedge was removed from the convex side of the bone and put in the gap created in the other side after correction of the deformity. At the final follow-up, the deformity was corrected in all cases except two. Full range of knee movement was regained in all cases. The complications included superficial wound infection in two cases, overcorrection in one case, pain along the lateral aspect of the knee in one case and recurrence of the deformity in one case. No cases were complicated by nerve injury or vascular injury. Hemi-wedge osteotomy is a good method for treatment of deformities around the knee joint. It can correct large angular deformities without major complications.

  2. Application of a 3-dimensional printed navigation template in Bernese periacetabular osteotomies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, You; Kang, Xiaopeng; Li, Chuan; Xu, Xiaoshan; Li, Rong; Wang, Jun; Li, Wei; Luo, Haotian; Lu, Sheng

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The aim of the present study was to describe the application of 3D printed templates for intraoperative navigation and simulation of periacetabular osteotomies (PAOs) in a cadaveric model. Five cadaveric specimens (10 sides) underwent thin-slice computed tomographic scans of the ala of ilium downwards to the proximal end of femoral shaft. Bernese PAO was performed. Using Mimics v10.1 software (Materialise, Leuven, Belgium), 3D computed tomographic reconstructions were created and the 4 standard PAO bone cuts—ischial, pubic, anterior, and posterior aspects of the ilium—as well as rotation of the dislocated acetabular bone blocks were simulated for each specimen. Using these data, custom 3D printed bone-drilling templates of the pelvis were manufactured, to guide surgical placement of the PAO bone cuts. An angle fix wedge was designed and printed, to help accurately achieve the predetermined rotation angle of the acetabular bone block. Each specimen underwent a conventional PAO. Preoperative, postsimulation, and postoperative lateral center-edge angles, acetabular indices, extrusion indices, and femoral head coverage were measured and compared; P and t values were calculated for above-mentioned measurements while comparing preoperative and postoperative data, and also in postsimulation and postoperative data comparison. All 10 PAO osteotomies were successfully completed using the 3D printed bone-drilling template and angle fix wedge. No osteotomy entered the hip joint and a single posterior column fracture was observed. Comparison of preoperative and postoperative measurements of the 10 sides showed statistically significant changes, whereas no statistically significant differences between postsimulation and postoperative values were noted, demonstrating the accuracy and utility of the 3D printed templates. The application of patient-specific 3D printed bone-drilling and rotation templates in PAO is feasible and may facilitate improved clinical outcomes

  3. Application of a 3-dimensional printed navigation template in Bernese periacetabular osteotomies: A cadaveric study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, You; Kang, Xiaopeng; Li, Chuan; Xu, Xiaoshan; Li, Rong; Wang, Jun; Li, Wei; Luo, Haotian; Lu, Sheng

    2016-12-01

    The aim of the present study was to describe the application of 3D printed templates for intraoperative navigation and simulation of periacetabular osteotomies (PAOs) in a cadaveric model.Five cadaveric specimens (10 sides) underwent thin-slice computed tomographic scans of the ala of ilium downwards to the proximal end of femoral shaft. Bernese PAO was performed. Using Mimics v10.1 software (Materialise, Leuven, Belgium), 3D computed tomographic reconstructions were created and the 4 standard PAO bone cuts-ischial, pubic, anterior, and posterior aspects of the ilium-as well as rotation of the dislocated acetabular bone blocks were simulated for each specimen. Using these data, custom 3D printed bone-drilling templates of the pelvis were manufactured, to guide surgical placement of the PAO bone cuts. An angle fix wedge was designed and printed, to help accurately achieve the predetermined rotation angle of the acetabular bone block. Each specimen underwent a conventional PAO. Preoperative, postsimulation, and postoperative lateral center-edge angles, acetabular indices, extrusion indices, and femoral head coverage were measured and compared; P and t values were calculated for above-mentioned measurements while comparing preoperative and postoperative data, and also in postsimulation and postoperative data comparison.All 10 PAO osteotomies were successfully completed using the 3D printed bone-drilling template and angle fix wedge. No osteotomy entered the hip joint and a single posterior column fracture was observed. Comparison of preoperative and postoperative measurements of the 10 sides showed statistically significant changes, whereas no statistically significant differences between postsimulation and postoperative values were noted, demonstrating the accuracy and utility of the 3D printed templates.The application of patient-specific 3D printed bone-drilling and rotation templates in PAO is feasible and may facilitate improved clinical outcomes, through the use

  4. Local application of ibandronate/gelatin sponge improves osteotomy healing in rabbits.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zongyou Yang

    Full Text Available Delayed healing or non-union of skeletal fractures are common clinical complications. Ibandronate is a highly potent anti-catabolic reagent used for treatment of osteopenia and fracture prevention. We hypothesized that local application of ibandronate after fracture fixation may improve and sustain callus formation and therefore prevent delayed healing or non-union. This study tested the effect of local application of an ibandronate/gelatin sponge composite on osteotomy healing. A right-side distal-femoral osteotomy was created surgically, with fixation using a k-wire, in forty adult male rabbits. The animals were divided into four groups of ten animals and treated by: (i intravenous injection of normal saline (Control; (ii local implantation of absorbable gelatin sponge (GS; (iii local implantation of absorbable GS containing ibandronate (IB+GS, and (iv intravenous injection of ibandronate (IB i.v.. At two and four weeks the affected femora were harvested for X-ray photography, computed tomography (CT, biomechanical testing and histopathology. At both time-points the results showed that the calluses in both the ibandronate-treated groups, but especially in the IB+GS group, were significantly larger than in the control and GS groups. At four weeks the cross sectional area (CSA and mechanical test results of ultimate load and energy in the IB+GS group were significantly higher than in other groups. Histological procedures showed a significant reduction in osteoclast numbers in the IB+GS and IB i.v. groups at day 14. The results indicate that local application of an ibandronate/gelatin sponge biomaterial improved early osteotomy healing after surgical fixation and suggest that such treatment may be a valuable local therapy to enhance fracture repair and potentially prevent delayed or non-union.

  5. Segmental sandwich osteotomy of the posterior mandible in pre-implant surgery - A systematic review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zografos, Ioannis; Tzermpos, Fotios; Iatrou, Ioannis

    2017-01-01

    Background The rehabilitation of the atrophic posterior mandible with dental implants often requires bone augmentation procedures. The aim of the present study is the systematic review of the literature concerning the success rate of Segmental Sandwich Osteotomy (SSO) of the posterior mandible in pre-implant surgery. Material and Methods Systematic review of all clinical cases and clinical studies of SSO of the posterior mandible in pre-implant surgery with a minimum follow-up of 6 months after implant loading was performed, based on specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. The search strategy involved searching the electronic databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE, COCHRANE LIBRARY, Clinical Trials (www.clinicaltrials.gov) and National Research Register (www.controlled-trials.com), supplemented by a manual search, in August 2015. In every study, the intervention characteristics and the outcome were recorded. Results Out of the 756 initial results, only 17 articles fulfilled the predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. They consisted of 9 retrospective case reports or series and 8 prospective randomized clinical trials. Overall, the studies included 174 patients. In these patients, 214 SSO augmentation procedures were performed in the posterior mandible and 444 implants were placed. The follow-up period after implant loading ranged between 8 months and 5.5 years. The success rate of SSO ranged between 90% and 100%. The implant survival during the follow-up period ranged between 90.9% and 100%. Conclusions Segmental Sandwich Osteotomy should be considered as a well documented technique for the rehabilitation of the atrophic posterior mandible, with long-term postsurgical follow-up. The success rates are very high, as well as the survival of the dental implants placed in the augmented area. Key words:Segmental osteotomy, dental implant, mandible, inlay graft. PMID:27918747

  6. Femtosecond plasma mediated laser ablation has advantages over mechanical osteotomy of cranial bone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, David D; Mackanos, Mark A; Chung, Michael T; Hyun, Jeong S; Montoro, Daniel T; Grova, Monica; Liu, Chunjun; Wang, Jenny; Palanker, Daniel; Connolly, Andrew J; Longaker, Michael T; Contag, Christopher H; Wan, Derrick C

    2012-12-01

    Although mechanical osteotomies are frequently made on the craniofacial skeleton, collateral thermal, and mechanical trauma to adjacent bone tissue causes cell death and may delay healing. The present study evaluated the use of plasma-mediated laser ablation using a femtosecond laser to circumvent thermal damage and improve bone regeneration. Critical-size circular calvarial defects were created with a trephine drill bit or with a Ti:Sapphire femtosecond pulsed laser. Healing was followed using micro-CT scans for 8 weeks. Calvaria were also harvested at various time points for histological analysis. Finally, scanning electron microscopy was used to analyze the microstructure of bone tissue treated with the Ti:Sapphire laser, and compared to that treated with the trephine bur. Laser-created defects healed significantly faster than those created mechanically at 2, 4, and 6 weeks post-surgery. However, at 8 weeks post-surgery, there was no significant difference. In the drill osteotomy treatment group, empty osteocyte lacunae were seen to extend 699 ± 27 µm away from the edge of the defect. In marked contrast, empty osteocyte lacunae were seen to extend only 182 ± 22 µm away from the edge of the laser-created craters. Significantly less ossification and formation of irregular woven bone was noted on histological analysis for drill defects. We demonstrate accelerated bone healing after femtosecond laser ablation in a calvarial defect model compared to traditional mechanical drilling techniques. Improved rates of early regeneration make plasma-mediated ablation of the craniofacial skeleton advantageous for applications to osteotomy. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  7. 数字化截骨导板在下颌角截骨术中的应用研究%Application of the digital osteotomy template in the mandibular angle osteotomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张超; 滕利; 靳小雷; 徐家杰; 卢建建; 解芳; 吴欢欢; 杨莉亚; 徐冉

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the application of the digital osteotomy template in the mandibular angle osteotomy,so as to increase the precision and symmetry of the osteotomy.Methods 8 cases were included in our study (female,average age 25.5).The CT data (DICOM format) were reformatted into 3D images using 3D imaging software (ProPlan).The osteotomy lines were designed on digital 3D theoretical model with ProPlan.Then the statistics of the ostectomy were imported into GeoMagic in the form of STL file to design the 3D osteotomy template.The osteotomy template was fabricated with FDA certificated PLA through RP machine.During operation,the template was inserted into operation area to guide the osteotomy.A line was drawn along the edge of ostectomy plate with a grinding ball and osteotomy was done along the curvilinear line using a goose saw.Results The removed bone proved to be highly matched with the template.All the post-operative results were satisfactory.There were no complications such as fracture,life-threatening hemorrhage and infection.The post-operative measurement showed good symmetry.Conclusions With the guidance of osteotomy templates,the surgeon can perform the osteotomy in an accurate way.The precision and symmetry of the osteotomy are greatly improved.%目的 通过计算机软件三维设计、3D打印等数字化技术,术前在计算机三维模型上精确设计截骨线,制作数字化截骨导板,并通过3D打印机打印出实体导板,术中置入术区指导截骨,从而提高下颌角截骨术的精确性和对称性.方法 选取8例下颌角肥大患者,均为女性,平均年龄25.5岁.首先将患者的CT资料转入ProPlan软件中,在计算机中重建下颌骨三维模型,在虚拟三维模型上设计截骨线,再将截骨数据以STL文件形式导入GeoMagic软件,设计数字化截骨导板,最后以通过FDA认证的聚乳酸材料打印截骨导板,将导板置入术区与术区骨质紧密贴合,以小磨球沿导板上缘打

  8. [Computer-assisted navigation in orthognathic surgery. Application to Le Fort I osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benassarou, M; Benassarou, A; Meyer, C

    2013-08-05

    Computer-assisted navigation is a tool that allows the surgeon to reach intraoperatively a previously defined target. This technique can be applied to the positioning of bone fragments in orthognathic surgery. It is not used routinely yet because there are no specifically dedicated systems available on the market for this kind of surgery. The goal of our study was to describe the various systems that could be used in orthognathic surgery and to report our experience of computer-assisted surgery in the positioning of the maxilla during maxillomandibular osteotomies.

  9. Effect of triple tibial osteotomy on femorotibial stability in canine cranial cruciate ligament deficient stifles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, S.; Vedel, T.; Jensen, B. R.

    leveling osteotomy (TPLO), have been biomechanically evaluated (Kipfer et al. (2008), Apelt et al. (2007), Butler et al. (2011), Pozzi et al. (2006) and Rey et al. (2014)), experimental studies on TTO are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of TTO on cadaveric stifle stability....... Limbs were mounted on a custom-made frame, which permitted controlled movement of the tibia relative to the femur, and extended from full flexion whilst recording the stifle region fluoroscopically. Metal markers placed at the CrCL attachment sites were used to monitor cranial tibial subluxation (CTS...

  10. Three-dimensional Effect of the Single Plane Proximal Femur Osteotomy

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Sung Soo

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Three-dimensional (3D) effects of the single plane osteotomies of the proximal femur are compared and analyzed by the trigonometric method. Materials and Methods The shape of proximal femur was simplified as a bent line. The bent line is the continuation of the three points-the center of the femoral head, the center of femoral neck at the base, and the center of the femoral shaft. Then rotated the proximal femur at the junction of the neck and shaft with the each rotation axis of X, Y...

  11. [EFFECTIVENESS OF Bernese OSTEOTOMY FOR TREATMENT OF DEVELOPMENTAL DYSPLASIA OF THE HIP IN ADULTS].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Linyang; Shang, Xifu; He, Rui; Hu, Fei

    2015-07-01

    To investigate the effectiveness of Bernese osteotomy for the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in adults. Between August 2012 and April 2014, 16 patients with DDH were treated with Bernese osteotomy by S-P approach, and the clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. There were 4 males and 12 females with an average age of 27.8 years (range, 18-35 years). The left side was involved in 6 cases and the right side in 10 cases. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score was 4.8 ± 0.5, and the Harris hip score was 81.2 ± 5.4. The lateral center edge (CE) angle (the angle between the vertical center of the femoral head and the lateral edge of the acetabulum) was (6.5 ± 8.7); the horizontal tilt angle was (25.6 ± 5.9); and the femoral head extrusion index was 36.5% ± 6.5%. According to the Tonnis osteoarthritis classification, 12 hips were rated as Grade 0, 3 hips as Grade I, and 1 hip as Grade II. The operation time was 90-135 minutes; the intraoperative blood loss was 400-800 mL; 10 cases accepted blood transfusion and the amount of blood transfusion was 200-600 mL; the postoperative drainage volume was 100- 300 mL; and the hospitalization time was 7-12 days. All the cases achieved primary healing of incision with no early complications. Two cases had numb in the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve innervating area. All patients were followed up 12-26 months (mean, 20 months). The X-ray examination showed osseous healing at osteotomy site, and the healing time was 12-16 weeks (mean, 13.5 weeks). No acetabulum fracture, heterotopic ossification, osteonecrosis, and internal fixation loosening occurred during follow-up. No progression of osteoarthritis or acetabular cystic change was observed. At last follow-up, the lateral CE angle was (27.7 ± 6.8); the horizontal tilt angle was (16.2 ± 4.8)°; the femoral head extrusion index was 19.7% ± 5.3%; VAS score was 0.8 ± 0.3; the Harris hip score was 96.8 ± 6.7; and all showed significant differences when

  12. Computer-assisted three-dimensional surgical planning and simulation: 3D virtual osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, J; Ip, H H; Samman, N; Wang, D; Kot, C S; Yeung, R W; Tideman, H

    2000-02-01

    A computer-assisted three-dimensional virtual osteotomy system for orthognathic surgery (CAVOS) is presented. The virtual reality workbench is used for surgical planning. The surgeon immerses in a virtual reality environment with stereo eyewear, holds a virtual "scalpel" (3D Mouse) and operates on a "real" patient (3D visualization) to obtain pre-surgical prediction (3D bony segment movements). Virtual surgery on a computer-generated 3D head model is simulated and can be visualized from any arbitrary viewing point in a personal computer system.

  13. [Humerus varus: correction by proximal valgus osteotomy with precontourned plate fixation in children].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tallón-López, J; Domínguez-Amador, J J; Andrés-García, J A

    2014-01-01

    Varus deformity of the proximal humerus in children is a little known pathology due to its low incidence of presentation. Progress has been made in recent years in understanding the possible etiology and pathophysiological causes. Radiological criteria for diagnosis and functional impairment that occurs have also been defined. However, there are few reports in the literature about the surgical treatment of this deformity in children. In this paper we present a case of surgical treatment of this deformity by corrective osteotomy fixed with precontoured external maleolar plate osteosynthesis. Copyright © 2013 SECOT. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  14. Surgical advances in periacetabular osteotomy for treatment of hip dysplasia in adults

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Troelsen, Anders

    2009-01-01

    adults with symptomatic hip dysplasia. The surgical aim of this extensive procedure is to reorient the acetabulum to improve coverage and eliminate the pathological hip joint mechanics. Intraoperative assessment of the achieved acetabular reorientation is therefore crucial. The "classic" surgical......Hip dysplasia is characterized by an excessively oblique and shallow acetabulum with insufficient coverage of the femoral head. It is a known cause of pain and the development of early osteoarthritis in young adults. The periacetabular osteotomy is the joint-preserving treatment of choice in young...

  15. Three-column osteotomies of the lower cervical and upper thoracic spine: comparison of early outcomes, radiographic parameters, and peri-operative complications in 48 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theologis, Alexander A; Tabaraee, Ehsan; Funao, Haruki; Smith, Justin S; Burch, Shane; Tay, Bobby; Kebaish, Khaled; Deviren, Vedat; Ames, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    To evaluate and compare early radiographic and clinical outcomes of lower cervical and upper thoracic three-column osteotomies (3CO) for cervicothoracic kyphosis correction. Patients who underwent 3CO at the cervicothoracic junction at two institutions were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups: lower cervical osteotomy (LCO) and upper thoracic osteotomy (UTO: T1-T5). Operative data, radiographic alignment, peri-operative complications, and clinical outcomes were compared between the groups. Forty-eight patients [male: 24; female: 24; average age 61 years (range 18-92 years); mean follow-up: 22 months] met inclusion criteria. A total of 24 pedicle subtraction osteotomies and 24 vertebral column resections were performed. Compared to UTO, LCO operative time was significantly shorter, average ICU and hospital stays were significantly longer, and the average pre-operative cervical sagittal vertical axis (SVA) and kyphosis were significantly greater (p column posterior osteotomies at the cervicothoracic junction restored regional sagittal alignment and improved quality of life in this series of patients with rigid cervicothoracic deformity, albeit with high complication rates. Lower cervical osteotomies provided greater cervical SVA correction and were shorter operations, although they were associated with more complications and longer hospital and ICU stays compared to upper thoracic osteotomies.

  16. Achievability of 3D planned bimaxillary osteotomies: maxilla-first versus mandible-first surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liebregts, Jeroen; Baan, Frank; de Koning, Martien; Ongkosuwito, Edwin; Bergé, Stefaan; Maal, Thomas; Xi, Tong

    2017-08-24

    The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of sequencing a two-component surgical procedure for correcting malpositioned jaws (bimaxillary osteotomies); specifically, surgical repositioning of the upper jaw-maxilla, and the lower jaw-mandible. Within a population of 116 patients requiring bimaxillary osteotomies, the investigators analyzed whether there were statistically significant differences in postoperative outcome as measured by concordance with a preoperative digital 3D virtual treatment plan. In one group of subjects (n = 58), the maxillary surgical procedure preceded the mandibular surgery. In the second group (n = 58), the mandibular procedure preceded the maxillary surgical procedure. A semi-automated analysis tool (OrthoGnathicAnalyser) was applied to assess the concordance of the postoperative maxillary and mandibular position with the cone beam CT-based 3D virtual treatment planning in an effort to minimize observer variability. The results demonstrated that in most instances, the maxilla-first surgical approach yielded closer concordance with the 3D virtual treatment plan than a mandibular-first procedure. In selected circumstances, such as a planned counterclockwise rotation of both jaws, the mandible-first sequence resulted in more predictable displacements of the jaws.

  17. Accuracy of three-dimensional soft tissue simulation in bimaxillary osteotomies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liebregts, Jeroen; Xi, Tong; Timmermans, Maarten; de Koning, Martien; Bergé, Stefaan; Hoppenreijs, Theo; Maal, Thomas

    2015-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of an algorithm based on the mass tensor model (MTM) for computerized 3D simulation of soft-tissue changes following bimaxillary osteotomy, and to identify patient and surgery-related factors that may affect the accuracy of the simulation. Sixty patients (mean age 26.0 years) who had undergone bimaxillary osteotomy, participated in this study. Cone beam CT scans were acquired pre- and one year postoperatively. The 3D rendered pre- and postoperative scans were matched. The maxilla and mandible were segmented and aligned to the postoperative position. 3D distance maps and cephalometric analyses were used to quantify the simulation error. The mean absolute error between the 3D simulation and the actual postoperative facial profile was 0.81 ± 0.22 mm for the face as a whole. The accuracy of the simulation (average absolute error ≤2 mm) for the whole face and for the upper lip, lower lip and chin subregions were 100%, 93%, 90% and 95%, respectively. The predictability was correlated with the magnitude of the maxillary and mandibular advancement, age and V-Y closure. It was concluded that the MTM-based soft tissue simulation for bimaxillary surgery was accurate for clinical use, though patients should be informed of possible variation in the predicted lip position. Copyright © 2014 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Three-dimensional virtual simulation of alar width changes following bimaxillary osteotomies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liebregts, J; Xi, T; Schreurs, R; van Loon, B; Bergé, S; Maal, T

    2016-10-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of three-dimensional (3D) soft tissue simulation of nose width changes following bimaxillary osteotomies and to identify patient- and surgery-related factors that may affect the accuracy of simulation. Sixty patients (mean age 26 years) who underwent bimaxillary osteotomies participated in this study. Cone beam computed tomography scans were acquired preoperatively and at 1-year postoperative. The 3D hard and soft tissue rendered preoperative and postoperative virtual head models were superimposed, after which the maxilla and mandible were segmented and aligned to the postoperative position. The postoperative changes in alar width were simulated using a mass tensor model (MTM)-based algorithm and compared with the postoperative outcome. 3D cephalometric analyses were used to quantify the simulation error. The postoperative alar width was increased by 1.6±1.1mm and the mean error between the 3D simulation and the actual postoperative alar width was 1.0±0.9mm. The predictability was not correlated to factors such as age, sex, alar cinch suture, VY closure, maxillary advancement, or a history of surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion. The MTM-based simulation model of postoperative alar width change was found to be reasonably accurate, although there is room for further improvement.

  19. Computer assistance in femoral derotation osteotomy: a bottom-up approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Auer Christoph

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Severe gait abnormalities in patients with cerebral palsy are often treated by correction osteotomy. The established procedure of femoral derotation osteotomy (FDO has proven effective to realign femur anteversion. Nevertheless, studies have revealed that therapy outcome is subject to substantial inter-patient variability and systematic loss of correction. Our previous work suggests that practical limitations in FDO may significantly contribute to this effect. In this work, we propose a novel computer assisted measurement system to support FDO with objective measurement (desired accuracy: ∼ ± 3° and continuous monitoring of derotation. A prototype system based on the clinically emerging electromagnetic tracking technology is demonstrated which incorporates technical and operational considerations to enable continuous measurement in OR conditions while preserving the conventional workflow without disruptions. In phantom studies, the achieved measurement accuracy (standard error ≅±1.6∘$\\cong\\pm 1.6{}^{\\circ}$ proved high potential and may hugely benefit the quality of surgical execution. Currently, the prototype system is assessed under OR conditions in an in-vivo study with CP patients. Early experience shows high appreciation among surgeons and good potential for future application.

  20. Precise osteotomies for mandibular distraction in infants with Robin sequence using virtual surgical planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Resnick, C M

    2017-08-16

    Mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO) has become the first-line operation in many centers for the management of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in infants with (Pierre) Robin sequence (RS) not relieved by non-surgical approaches. Preoperative virtual surgical planning (VSP) may improve precision and decrease complications for this operation. This article reports a retrospective study of RS infants who underwent MDO for OSA using preoperative VSP and three-dimensionally printed cutting guides performed by one surgeon. Seventeen subjects who had MDO at a mean age of 87±96days were included. Maxillofacial computed tomography scans were obtained 15±7days prior to MDO. Osteotomy designs included linear (n=4, 23.5%), inverted-L (n=11, 64.7%), and multi-angular (n=2, 11.8%). Cutting guides were used successfully and osteotomies were created as planned in all cases. Devices were removed 67±15.6days after placement. Bone formation in the distraction gap was seen in all cases at device removal. All patients had successful airway outcomes. There were no major and four minor complications during the follow-up period of 458±267 days. In conclusion, MDO is a successful procedure for the management of OSA associated with RS in infants, and VSP facilitates its precise design and execution. Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  1. Distal Femoral Osteotomy in Genovalgum: Internal Fixation with Blade Plate Versus Casting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadi Makhmalbaf

    2014-10-01

    Methods:   In a non-randomized prospective study, after distal femoral osteotomy with the zigzag method, patients were divided into two groups: long leg casting, and internal fixation with blade plate. For all patients, questionnaires    were filled to obtain data. Information such as range of motion, tibiofemoral anatomical angle and complications were recorded.     Results:   38 knees with valgus deformity underwent distal femoral supracondylar osteotomy. (8 with plaster cast and  30 with internal fixation using a blade plate. Preoperative range of motion was 129±6° and six months later it was  120±14°. The preoperative tibiofemoral angle was 32±6°; postoperative tibiofemoral angles were 3±3°, 6±2°, and 7±3° just after operation, six months, and two years later, respectively. Although this angle was greater among the group stabilized with a cast, this difference was not statistically significant. In postoperative complications, over-correction  was found in five, recorvatom deformity in one, knee stiffness in three and superficial wound infection was recorded in three knees.     Conclusions:   There is no prominent difference in final range of motion and alignment whether fixation is done with casting or internal fixation. However, the complication rate seems higher in the casting method.    

  2. [Posterior osteotomy and decompression for spinal deformity in patients with achondroplasia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Wu; Zhang, Jian-Guo; Qiu, Gui-Xing; Li, Shu-Gang

    2010-11-23

    to evaluate the outcome of surgical treatment for spinal deformity in patients with achondroplasia. six consecutive cases of 3 males and 3 females were recruited. The average age at surgery was 18.5 years old with a range of 12 to 36 years old. All patients suffered thoracolumbar kyphosis and lumbar stenosis. Four patients had neurological deficits due to severe spinal deformity. Posterior osteotomy and decompression were performed in all cases. Long cassette supine radiographs were taken before and after surgery and at the final follow-up. Correction of kyphosis, neurological outcomes (JOA (Japanese Orthopedic Association) scores) and operative complications were recorded and analyzed. the average follow-up was 10.2 months with a range of 5 to 24 months. The average operative duration was 320 min with a mean 1300 ml of blood loss. The average number of fusion segments was 8 with a range of 5 to 10 segments. Kyphosis was corrected from 53.3° to 13.3° with a 75.0% correction rate. The average preoperative JOA score was 4.5 points and improved to 8.5 points at the final follow-up. posterior osteotomy and decompression is a preferred surgical regiment for thoracolumbar kyphosis and lumbar stenosis in patients with achondroplasia.

  3. Pertrochanteric osteotomy and distraction femoral neck lengthening for treatment of proximal hip ischemic deformities in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teplenky, Mikhail; Mekki, Waleed

    2016-02-01

    Proximal femoral ischemic deformities in the pediatric population is a challenging pathological situation. Many surgical techniques have been proposed to treat this problem, with variable reported results. We believe that a C-shaped pertrochanteric osteotomy plus neck lengthening utilizing distraction osteogenesis principles would restore the femoral anatomical ratios between neck, shaft, and the head, and redress the biomechanics of the proximal femur with resultant sufficient containment of the femoral head within the acetabulum. We reviewed the results of 19 patients divided into two groups with proximal femoral ischemic deformities. Between 2002 and 2009, preoperative and postoperative clinical examination and radiographs were assessed measuring the neck-shaft angle (NSA), neck-epiphyseal angle (NEA), articulo-trochanteric distance (ATD), lateralization of the greater trochanter (LT), the angle of Wiberg (CEA), index of lateral head displacement by Reimers (IM), and lateral angle of displacement (LDA). All patients were followed prospectively. Clinical outcome was assessed using Colton's criteria, which showed average good improvement in function (58.9 %). Radiological indicators were assessed using Kruczynski's criteria. For group I, the postoperative NSA, NEA, and CEA showed significant change (p < 0.01, p < 0.001, and p < 0.001, respectively). For group II, the postoperative NSA, NEA, and CEA showed significant change (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, and p < 0.001, respectively). The midterm functional results are favorable for the implementation of pertrochanteric osteotomy and distraction osteogenesis to treat proximal femoral ischemic deformities in the pediatric population.

  4. Segmental distraction osteogenesis with modified LeFort II osteotomy for a patient with craniosynostosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Keiichiro; Kuroda, Shingo; Takahashi, Takumi; Kijima, Takeshi; Torikai, Katsuyuki; Moriyama, Keiji; Tanaka, Eiji

    2012-11-01

    In this article, we report successful orthodontic treatment combined with segmental distraction osteogenesis after a modified LeFort II osteotomy in a patient with craniosynostosis. An 8-year-old boy diagnosed with craniosynostosis had a dished-in face, an anterior crossbite, and a skeletal Class III jaw relationship because of midfacial hypoplasia. At the age of 13 years 6 months, the maxillary second and mandibular first premolars were extracted, and leveling and alignment of both arches was started with preadjusted edgewise appliances. At age 14 years 11 months, the patient had a modified LeFort II osteotomy, and the maxillary segment was advanced 7 mm and fixed to the zygomatic bone. At the same time, segmental distraction osteogenesis was started with a rigid external distraction system, and the nasal segment was advanced for 20 days at a rate of 1.0 mm per day. The total active treatment period was 40 months. As a result of the modified segmental distraction osteogenesis, significant improvement of his severe midfacial hypoplasia was achieved without excessive advancement of the maxillary dentition. Both the facial profile and the occlusion were stable after 1 year of retention. However, the nasal segment relapsed 1.4 mm during the 1.5 years after the segmental distraction osteogenesis. Evaluation of the stability and retention suggests that some overcorrection in midfacial advancement is recommended. Copyright © 2012 American Association of Orthodontists. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Biomechanical changes of spinous process osteotomy with different amounts of facetectomy using finite element model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, K.-T.; Kim, K.-Y.; Jung, H.-J.; Lee, H.-Y.; Chun, H.-J.; Lee, H.-M.; Moon, S.-H.; Kim, H.-J.

    2010-03-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the biomechanical changes after Spinous Process Osteotomy (SPO) with different amounts of facetectomy of the lumbar spine and to compare the models with SPO and intact models using finite element models. Intact spine models and one decompression models (L3-4) with SPO were developed. SPO models included three different amounts of facetectomy (25%, 50%, and 75%). After validation of the models, finite element analyses were performed to investigate the ranges of motion and disc stresses at each corresponding level among three SPO models and intact lumbar spine models. The ranges of motion in the SPO models were increased more than the intact models. According to increase of amounts of facetectomy, ranges of motion were also increased. Similar to range of motion, the von Mises stress of disc in the SPO models was higher than that of intact models. Moreover, with the increase of amount of facetectomy, the disc stress increased at each segments under various moments. The decompression procedures using spinous process osteotomy has been reported to provide better postoperative stability compared to the conventional laminectomy. However, facetectomy over 50 % is likely to attenuate this advantage.

  6. Three-phase bone scintigraphic analysis of radial osteotomy for Kienboeck`s disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakao, Etsuhiro; Nakamura, Ryogo; Imaeda, Toshihiko [Branch Hospital of Nagoya Univ. (Japan); Tsunoda, Kenji; Makino, Naoki

    1996-02-01

    Three-phase bone scintigraphy was performed before and after radial wedge osteotomy on 11 joints. All 11 patients were suffering from Kienboeck`s disease. We analized the relations between the change of those images and the clinical courses. On blood pool images that were performed before radial wedge osteotomy, we observed decreased accumulation in the lunate bone in 4 of 9 patients in Lichtman`s stage II or IIIA. Intensive accumulation in the carpal area that seemed to represent the activity of Kienboeck`s disease were seen in all patients. Delayed image showed accumulation demonstrating osteoarthritic changes. Accumulation in the lunte bone on blood pool images was confirmed in all patients 6 to 12 months after operation. This appeared to suggest the increase of blood flow into the lunate bone. Compared with preoperative blood pool images, accumulation in the carpal area decreased in 8 patients who followed good postoperative course and their clinical symptoms improved relatively quickly. In the other 3 patients no decrease in this accumulation was confirmed by the initial postoperative scintigraphy. The improvement in their symptoms was delayed. The postoperative change of delayed images was visualized less sensitively than that of blood pool images. The decreased accumulation in the carpal area on blood pool images allows prediction of the subsequent clinical course prior to improvement in clinical symptoms. We consider this finding to be useful clinically. (author).

  7. Factors predicting the failure of Bernese periacetabular osteotomy: a meta-regression analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sambandam, Senthil Nathan; Hull, Jason; Jiranek, William A

    2009-12-01

    There is no clear evidence regarding the outcome of Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) in different patient populations. We performed systematic meta-regression analysis of 23 eligible studies. There were 1,113 patients of which 61 patients had total hip arthroplasty (THA) (endpoint) as a result of failed Bernese PAO. Univariate analysis revealed significant correlation between THA and presence of grade 2/grade 3 arthritis, Merle de'Aubigne score (MDS), Harris hip score and Tonnis angle, change in lateral centre edge (LCE) angle, late proximal femoral osteotomies, and heterotrophic ossification (HO) resection. Multivariate analysis showed that the odds of having THA increases with grade 2/grade 3 osteoarthritis (3.36 times), joint penetration (3.12 times), low preoperative MDS (1.59 times), late PFO (1.59 times), presence of preoperative subluxation (1.22 times), previous hip operations (1.14 times), and concomitant PFO (1.09 times). In the absence of randomised controlled studies, the findings of this analysis can help the surgeon to make treatment decisions.

  8. Is the Pyriform Ligament Important for Alar Width Maintenance After Le Fort I Osteotomy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peacock, Zachary S; Susarla, Srinivas M

    2015-12-01

    To determine whether identification and incorporation of the pyriform ligament in the alar cinch results in decreased alar base widening compared with standard alar cinch techniques. This was a retrospective case series and the sample was composed of patients undergoing Le Fort I osteotomy. Intraoperatively, the pyriform ligament was identified and incorporated in the alar cinch suture. Greatest alar width (GAW) measured immediately after closure was compared with GAW measured at least 5 months postoperatively. The change in alar base width was compared with that reported in the literature using other alar cinch techniques. Two case examples are reported. The sample was composed of 15 patients (mean age, 27.1 yr; 27% female). The mean postoperative change in GAW was 1.0 ± 0.6 mm (2.59 ± 1.59%). Postoperative change in alar base width reported in the literature ranged from 0.5 to 10.8%. The pyriform ligament is easily identified during exposure of the maxilla and pyriform aperture and can be used to control widening of the alar base after Le Fort I osteotomy. Copyright © 2015 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Tibial tubercle osteotomy in patello-femoral instability and in patellar height abnormality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caton, Jacques H; Dejour, David

    2010-02-01

    The aim of this study was to present the different surgical procedures of tibial tubercle osteotomies for patellar instability or patellar mispositioning such as patella alta or patella infera. This study analysed the Caton-Deschamps index used for assessment of vertical patella height in order to make a precise plan for tibial tuberosity osteotomies. This study included 61 knees (50 patients) treated for patellar instability with patella alta and 24 patients treated for patella infera of mechanical origin. The results of medial transfer of the tibial tuberosity, with or without distal transfer in cases of patellar instability with patella alta, gives excellent results for stability in 76.8% of the cases. The results of the proximal transfer of the tibial tuberosity in cases of patella infera were excellent or good in 80% of the cases in our series of 24 patients. A precise preoperative plan is needed with determination of the vertical patellar height using the Caton-Deschamps index and the situation of the tibial tuberosity and the Tibial Tubercle to Trochlear Groove distance (TT-TG) of the knee on CT scan in order to obtain satisfactory results.

  10. Obturator nerve impingement as a severe late complication of bilateral triple pelvic osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tong, K; Hayashi, K

    2012-01-01

    A four-year-old female spayed Labrador Retriever, which had undergone bilateral triple pelvic osteotomy (TPO) at the age of eight months, was presented with severe progressive shifting pelvic limb lameness for a duration of three months prior to presentation. The dog had multiple episodes of showing signs of excruciating pain, as well as an inability to rise or ambulate, inappetance, and lethargy. Orthopaedic examination revealed severe bilateral pelvic limb muscular atrophy, and signs of severe pain on abduction of the pelvic limbs, on rectal palpation ventrally, and on palpation of the region of the iliopsoas and pectineus muscles bilaterally. Surgery was indicated to explore the region and to release the pectineus and iliopsoas muscles. During surgery, callus tissue and the free section of pubic bone were found to be impinging on the obturator nerve at the previous TPO pubic osteotomy site bilaterally. On both sides, a 1 to 2 cm segment of pubis and fibrous callus tissue were excised and the obturator nerves were freed from the impingement. Immediately after the surgery, the patient's stance and gait were dramatically improved. The dog could maintain a much broader based stance and make longer strides with the pelvic limbs. At the two month follow-up examination, there were not any signs of lameness noted. Obturator nerve impingement can be a serious potential complication of TPO and may manifest clinically as marked pelvic limb lameness years after surgery.

  11. Influence of the design in sagittal split ramus osteotomy on the mechanical behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pozzer, Leandro; Olate, Sergio; Cavalieri-Pereira, Lucas; de Moraes, Márcio; Albergaría-Barbosa, José Ricardo

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the influence of the design of the sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) on the mechanical resistance to vertical forces. An in vitro study was designed for 30 test specimens. Two osteotomy models were made on two polyurethane hemimandibles, where group I presented a SSRO with an angle at vestibular level between both molars and group II presented a linear SSRO towards the basilar border. In both groups a standard osteosynthesis was performed with a 2.0 system plate and four monocortical screws, establishing sub-groups according to the degree of mandibular advancement: group A without advancement, group B with an advancement of 3 mm, and group C with advancement of 7 mm. Hemimandibles were subjected to a vertical load in the Instron machine until reaching peak load with failure, recording the value of the load and displacement. The data were analyzed with a t-test to establish statistical significance, considering pdesign influences mechanical resistance and that the linear SSRO offers the best mechanical resistance.

  12. Tibial plateau levelling osteotomy in eleven cats with cranial cruciate ligament rupture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mindner, Julia K; Bielecki, Malgorzata J; Scharvogel, Stefan; Meiler, Diane

    2016-11-23

    To report the surgical procedure, intra- and postoperative complications, and short-term follow-up of tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) in feline patients with cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) rupture using a 2.0 or 2.4 mm Synthes(®) TPLO plate. Prospective study. Eleven cats with a CrCL rupture were included in the study. Inspection of intra-articular structures was carried out via arthroscopy or arthrotomy. Each patient was re-examined one and 10 days after surgery. Orthopaedic examination and follow-up radiographs were obtained four to 12 weeks postoperatively. Two meniscopathies and one partial CrCL rupture were detected. Minor intra-operative complications occurred in five cats (suboptimal positioning of the plate [n = 3], proximal fibular fracture [n = 1], a visible osteotomy gap [n = 1]). Postoperatively, minor complications were detected in three cats (mild patellar desmitis [n = 2], superficial wound infection [n = 1]). No additional surgical reintervention, graded as major complication, was necessary. Four to eight weeks postoperatively, all cats showed no to mild intermittent lameness. Complete bone union was apparent within four to 12 weeks. Owners reported a high level of comfort and mobility during the last follow-up. The preliminary results of this study support the use of TPLO in cats, but larger case numbers are needed to evaluate its practicability, as well as long-term outcome (>1 year), especially evaluating the development and the clinical relevance of osteoarthritis.

  13. The effects of guided tissue regeneration (GTR) on modified Le Fort I osteotomy healing in rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verschueren, D S; Gassner, R; Mitchell, R; Mooney, M P

    2005-09-01

    Osteogenesis following surgery depends on the osteoblasts at the wound site. Fibrous nonunions may be the result of differential and rapid migration of fibroblasts compared to osteoblasts into the wound. The present study was designed to test this hypothesis through the use of guided tissue regeneration (GTR) in a rabbit model. Bilateral, Le Fort I osteotomies (n=20) were produced in the maxillae of 10 New Zealand White rabbits. The segments were advanced 6mm and rigidly fixed using microplates and screws. One side was covered with a resorbable collagen membrane or left uncovered. Rabbits were followed for four weeks with radiographs and the maxillae were harvested for histology. Cephalometry revealed that membrane-covered defects had significantly (Ptissue than uncovered defects. Histomorphometry revealed that membrane covered defects had significantly (P<0.05) reduced defect areas (by approximately 20%) compared to uncovered defects. While findings suggest that GTR can facilitate osseous wound healing in Le Fort I osteotomies, results also caution against relying exclusively on two-dimensional radiography to assess bony wound healing in lieu of three-dimensional imaging and evaluations.

  14. Does Salter innominate osteotomy predispose the patient to acetabular retroversion in adulthood?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobayashi, Daisuke; Satsuma, Shinichi; Kinugasa, Maki; Kuroda, Ryosuke; Kurosaka, Masahiro

    2015-05-01

    Salter innominate osteotomy has been identified as an effective additional surgery for the dysplastic hip. However, because in this procedure, the distal segment of the pelvis is displaced laterally and anteriorly, it may predispose the patient to acetabular retroversion. The degree to which this may be the case, however, remains incompletely characterized. We asked, in a group of pediatric patients with acetabular dysplasia who underwent Salter osteotomy, whether the operated hip developed (1) acetabular retroversion compared with contralateral unaffected hips; (2) radiographic evidence of osteoarthritis; or (3) worse functional scores. (4) In addition, we asked whether femoral head deformity resulting from aseptic necrosis was a risk factor for acetabular retroversion. Between 1971 and 2001, we performed 213 Salter innominate osteotomies for unilateral pediatric dysplasia, of which 99 hips (47%) in 99 patients were available for review at a mean of 16 years after surgery (range, 12-25 years). Average patient age at surgery was 4 years (range, 2-9 years) and the average age at the most recent followup was 21 years (range, 18-29 years). Acetabular retroversion was diagnosed based on the presence of a positive crossover sign and prominence of the ischial spine sign at the final visit. The center-edge angle, acetabular angle of Sharp, and acetabular index were measured at preoperative and final visits. Contralateral unaffected hips were used as controls, and statistical comparison was made in each patient. Clinical findings, including Harris hip score (HHS) and the anterior impingement sign, were recorded at the final visit. Patients were no more likely to have a positive crossover sign in the surgically treated hips (20 of 99 hips [20%]) than in the contralateral control hips (17 of 99 hips [17%]; p = 0584). In addition, the percentage of positive prominence of the ischial spine sign was not different between treated hips (22 of 99 hips [22%]) and contralateral hips

  15. Distraction osteogenesis versus bilateral sagittal split osteotomy for advancement of the retrognathic mandible : a review of the literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreuder, W. H.; Jansma, J.; Bierman, M. W. J.; Vissink, A.

    2007-01-01

    Bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) and distraction osteogenesis (DO) are the most common techniques currently applied to surgically correct mandibular retrognathia. It is the responsibility of the maxillofacial surgeon to determine the optimal treatment option in each individual case. The aim

  16. Is structural hydroxyapatite tricalcium-phosphate graft or tricortical iliac crest autograft better for calcaneal lengthening osteotomy in childhood?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martinkevich, P; Rahbek, Ole; Stilling, M

    2016-01-01

    AIMS: To compare the structural durability of hydroxyapatite-tricalcium phosphate (HATCP) to autologous iliac crest bone graft in calcaneal lengthening osteotomy (CLO) for pes planovalgus in childhood. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We present the interim results of ten patients (HATCP, n = 6 and autograft...

  17. Do changes in torsional magnetic resonance imaging reflect improvement in gait after femoral derotation osteotomy in patients with cerebral palsy?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Braatz, Frank; Wolf, Sebastian I.; Gerber, Annette; Klotz, Matthias C.; Dreher, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Femoral derotation osteotomy (FDO) is commonly used to correct internal rotation gait (IRG) in spastic diplegia. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the extent of intraoperative derotation is reflected in changes in static (clinical ROM and anteversion angle measured on tors

  18. Method and effect of total knee arthroplasty osteotomy and soft tissue release for serious knee joint space narrowing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulou Si

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available To discuss the method and effect of total knee arthroplasty osteotomy and soft tissue release for serious knee joint space narrowing. Clinical data of 80 patients from October 2013 to December 2014 was selected with a retrospective method. All patients have undergone total knee arthroplasty. Then the X-rays plain film in weight loading was measured before and after operation and osteotomy was performed accurately according to the knee joint scores and the conditions of lower limb alignments. The average angle of tibial plateau osteotomy of postoperative patients was 4.3°, and the corrective angle of soft tissue balancing was 10.7°; the postoperative patients’ indicies including range of joint motion, knee joint HSS score, angle between articular surfaces, tibial angle, femoral-tibial angle and flexion contracture were distinctly better than the preoperative indicies (p<0.05 and the differences were statistically significant; the postoperative patients’ flexion contracture and range of joint motion were distinctly better than the preoperative indicies (p<0.05 and the differences were statistically significant. The effective release of the soft tissue of the posterior joint capsule under direct vision can avoid excess osteotomy and get satisfactory knee replacement space without influencing the patients’ joint recovery.

  19. Proximal fibular osteotomy: a new surgery for pain relief and improvement of joint function in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiaohu; Wei, Lei; Lv, Zhi; Zhao, Bin; Duan, Zhiqing; Wu, Wenjin; Zhang, Bin; Wei, Xiaochun

    2017-02-01

    Objective To explore the effects of proximal fibular osteotomy as a new surgery for pain relief and improvement of medial joint space and function in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Methods From January 2015 to May 2015, 47 patients who underwent proximal fibular osteotomy for medial compartment osteoarthritis were retrospectively followed up. Preoperative and postoperative weight-bearing and whole lower extremity radiographs were obtained to analyse the alignment of the lower extremity and ratio of the knee joint space (medial/lateral compartment). Knee pain was assessed using a visual analogue scale, and knee ambulation activities were evaluated using the American Knee Society score preoperatively and postoperatively. Results Medial pain relief was observed in almost all patients after proximal fibular osteotomy. Most patients exhibited improved walking postoperatively. Weight-bearing lower extremity radiographs showed an average increase in the postoperative medial knee joint space. Additionally, obvious correction of alignment was observed in the whole lower extremity radiographs in 8 of 47 patients. Conclusions The present study demonstrates that proximal fibular osteotomy effectively relieves pain and improves joint function in patients with medial compartment osteoarthritis at a mean of 13.38 months postoperatively.

  20. The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy: clinical, radiographic and mechanical 7-15-year follow-up of 26 hips.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kralj, Marko; Mavcic, Blaz; Antolic, Vane; Iglic, Ales; Kralj-Iglic, Veronika

    2005-12-01

    The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy is used in dysplastic hips to increase the load-bearing area of the hip and to prevent osteoarthritis. The aim of our work was to determine the contact hip stress before and after the osteotomy and to compare the relief of stress with the long-term radiographic and clinical outcome. We followed 26 dysplastic hips (26 patients) for 7-15 years after the index operation. Clinical evaluation was based on the WOMAC score, osteoarthrosis was evaluated with the Tönnis classification, the angles of lateral (CE) and anterior (VCA) femoral coverage were measured, and biomechanical parameters were studied. Periacetabular osteotomy increased the mean CE from 15 degrees to 37 degrees , and the mean VCA from 22 degrees to 38 degrees . The mean normalized peak contact stress was reduced from 5.2 to 3.0 kPa/N. Four hips required total hip arthroplasty after an average of 4.5 years, 8 hips showed considerable arthrosis progression, and 14 hips had no or mild arthrosis at follow-up. Preoperative WOMAC score, preoperative Tönnis grade and postoperative normalized peak contact stress were the most important predictors of outcome. The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy improves the mechanical status of the hip. Long-term success depends on the grade of arthrosis preoperatively and on the magnitude of operative correction of the contact hip stress.

  1. Computer-assisted oblique single-cut rotation osteotomy to reduce a multidirectional tibia deformity: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobbe, J G G; du Pré, K J; Blankevoort, L; Streekstra, G J; Kloen, P

    2017-03-01

    The correction of multiplanar deformity is challenging. We describe preoperative 3-D planning and treatment of a complex tibia malunion using an oblique single-cut rotation osteotomy to correct deformity parameters in the sagittal, coronal and transverse plane. At 5 years postoperatively, the patient ambulates without pain with a well-aligned leg.

  2. The effect of osteotomy dimension on osseointegration to resorbable media-treated implants: a study in the sheep.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galli, Silvia; Jimbo, Ryo; Tovar, Nick; Yoo, Daniel Y; Anchieta, Rodolfo B; Yamaguchi, Satoshi; Coelho, Paulo G

    2015-03-01

    The drilling technique and the surface characteristics are known to influence the healing times of oral implants. The influence of osteotomy dimension on osseointegration of microroughned implant surfaces treated with resorbable blasting media was tested in an in vivo model. Ninety-six implants (ø4.5 mm, 8 mm in length) with resorbable blasting media-treated surfaces were placed in the ileum of six sheep. The final osteotomy diameters were 4.6 mm (reamer), 4.1 mm (loose), 3.7 mm (medium), and 3.2 mm (tight). After three and six weeks of healing, the implants were biomechanically tested and histologically evaluated. Statistical analysis was performed using Page L trend test for ordered and paired sample and linear regression, with significance level at p < 0.05. An overall increase in all dependent variables was observed with the reduction of osteotomy diameter. In addition, all osseointegration scores increased over time. At three weeks, the retention was significantly higher for smaller osteotomies. The histological sections depicted intimate contact of bone with all the implant surfaces and osteoblast lines were visible in all sections. The resorbable blasting media microroughed surfaces achieved successful osseointegration for all the instrumentation procedures tested, with higher osseointegration scores for the high insertion torque group.

  3. Long-lasting neurosensory disturbance following advancement of the retrognathic mandible : distraction osteogenesis versus bilateral sagittal split osteotomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijbenga, J. G.; Verlinden, C. R. A.; Jansma, J.; Becking, A. G.; Stegenga, B.

    2009-01-01

    Neurosensory disturbance (NSD) of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) is the most common complication after bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) and distraction osteogenesis (DO) of the retrognathic mandible. It is suggested that the risk is lower after DO than after BSSO. This retrospective stud

  4. A Novel Shape Memory Plate Osteosynthesis for Noninvasive Modulation of Fixation Stiffness in a Rabbit Tibia Osteotomy Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian W. Müller

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Nickel-titanium shape memory alloy (NiTi-SMA implants might allow modulating fracture healing, changing their stiffness through alteration of both elastic modulus and cross-sectional shape by employing the shape memory effect (SME. Hypotheses: a novel NiTi-SMA plate stabilizes tibia osteotomies in rabbits. After noninvasive electromagnetic induction heating the alloy exhibits the SME and the plate changes towards higher stiffness (inverse dynamization resulting in increased fixation stiffness and equal or better bony healing. In 14 rabbits, 1.0 mm tibia osteotomies were fixed with our experimental plate. Animals were randomised for control or induction heating at three weeks postoperatively. Repetitive X-ray imaging and in vivo measurements of bending stiffness were performed. After sacrifice at 8 weeks, macroscopic evaluation, µCT, and post mortem bending tests of the tibiae were carried out. One death and one early implant dislocation occurred. Following electromagnetic induction heating, radiographic and macroscopic changes of the implant proved successful SME activation. All osteotomies healed. In the treatment group, bending stiffness increased over time. Differences between groups were not significant. In conclusion, we demonstrated successful healing of rabbit tibia osteotomies using our novel NiTi-SMA plate. We demonstrated shape-changing SME in-vivo through transcutaneous electromagnetic induction heating. Thus, future orthopaedic implants could be modified without additional surgery.

  5. The Clinical and Radiological Evaluation of Canine Cranial Cruciate Ligament Rupture Treatment with Tibial Plateau Leveling Osteotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didar AYDIN KAYA

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO is one of the tibial osteotomy techniques for canine cranial cruciate ligament rupture. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinically and radiologically findings of the patients with cranial cruciate ligament rupture treated by tibial plateau leveling osteotomy. In our clinical study, treatment of cranial cruciate ligament rupture in 18 dogs with a total of 20 stifles was performed. Cases were diagnosed with cranial cruciate ligament rupture, technical measurements for the operations are determined and the cases were prepared for the operation during the preoperative period of the clinical and radiological examinations. Following the operation, postoperative clinical and radiological evaluations were performed on the 10th, 30th, 60th, 90th and 120th days. At the end of the study, it was observed that the dogs retained stifle joint motion ability, early healing of the osteotomy side in the postoperative period, all stifle joint functions were retained after a period. It was determined that this method of operation can securely (in regards to joint stabilization be performed on especially in large breed dogs.

  6. Vertebral subluxation during three-column osteotomy in surgical correction of adult spine deformity: incidence, risk factors, and complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiao, Jun; Xiao, Lingyan; Sun, Xu; Shi, Benlong; Liu, Zhen; Xu, Leilei; Zhu, Zezhang; Qian, Bangping; Qiu, Yong

    2017-08-24

    To investigate incidence, risk factors, and complications of vertebral subluxation (VS) during three-column osteotomy in surgical correction of adult spine deformity. Adult spine deformity patients who underwent three-column osteotomies including VCR, PSO, and other modified types from March 2000 to December 2014 in our center were retrospectively reviewed. The following parameters were measured pre- and postoperatively: Cobb angle of main curve, global kyphosis, sagittal vertical axis, and kyphosis flexibility. Radiographic parameters between groups (VCR vs. PSO and subluxation vs. non-subluxation) were compared. 171 ASD patients were recruited, 18 of which (10.5%) developed sagittal vertebral subluxation at the osteotomy site. 5 of 18 patients (27.8%) developed neurological complications after surgery. For these five patients, two patients got partial recovery, and three got complete recovery at 2-year follow-up. 116 patients underwent PSO, 12 of which (10.3%) developed sagittal vertebral subluxation. In 55 patients receiving VCR, 6 (10.9%) developed sagittal vertebral subluxation. No significant difference was noted between the two groups (P > 0.05). The mean age of VS group was larger than that of non-VS group (46.2 vs. 34.2, P column osteotomies, one-fourth of which would develop neurological deficits. Older age, rigid kyphosis, and the pre-existence of VS were risk factors for developing VS.

  7. Value of the ``Nissen effect`` after minimal osteotomy around the knee. An animal experiment; Ocena wartosci ``fenomenu Nissena`` w osteotomii minimalnej stawow kolanowych w eksperymencie na zwierzetach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wieczorek, M.; Pizio, Z. [Szpital MSW, Opole (Poland)]|[Wojewodzki Szpital Zespolony, Opole (Poland)

    1993-12-31

    An attempt to asses duration of the biological stimulation after osteotomy known as the ``Nissen effect`` has been made. An experiment has been performed on 5 adult rabbits injected with 100 {mu}Ci strontium 85. Biological stimulation of the osteotomy was measured by the incorporation of the isotope into the bone which has been increasing to reach the maximum 3 months after the operation. At 5 months postoperatively the incorporation ceased what indicated termination of the stimulating effect of the osteotomy. (author). 30 refs, 5 figs.

  8. Stability of the anterior maxillary segment and teeth after segmental le fort I osteotomy and postoperative skeletal elastic fixation with or without occlusal splint

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blæhr, Tue Lindberg; Jensen, Thomas; Due, Karen Margrethe

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To assess the short term dental and skeletal stability of the anterior maxillary segment after segmental Le Fort I osteotomy with postoperative skeletal elastic fixation with or without occlusal splint. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 29 consecutive patients underwent segmental Le Fort I...... osteotomy and elastic skeletal fixation was applied. Patients were divided into two groups according to whether a fixed occlusal splint was used for six weeks (group A) or dismounted perioperatively (group B). Changes in landmarks and reference planes between the two timepoints were estimated on lateral...... in segmental Le Fort I osteotomy....

  9. Combined autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI with supra-condylar femoral varus osteotomy, following lateral growth-plate damage in an adolescent knee: 8-year follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijayan Sridhar

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract We report the 8-year clinical and radiographic outcome of an adolescent patient with a large osteochondral defect of the lateral femoral condyle, and ipsilateral genu valgum secondary to an epiphyseal injury, managed with autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI and supracondylar re-alignment femoral osteotomy. Long-term clinical success was achieved using this method, illustrating the effective use of re-alignment osteotomy in correcting mal-alignment of the knee, protecting the ACI graft site and providing the optimum environment for cartilage repair and regeneration. This is the first report of the combined use of ACI and femoral osteotomy for such a case.

  10. Outcome of oscillating saw open osteotomy in two-stage lower extremity bone transport with monolateral frame.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corona, Pablo S; Ramirez-Nuñez, Luis J; Amat, Carles; Carrera, Luis

    2017-07-25

    Bone transport techniques have been widely used to solve massive bone defects due to trauma, osteomyelitis or bone tumors. The technique of bone interruption to achieve better new bone formation is a subject of debate. Low-energy osteotomy (LEO) techniques have been proposed as the gold standard. Some authors reject open osteotomy with an oscillating saw (OOS osteotomy), based on the danger of bone tissue thermal necrosis and periosteal damage. To date, however, there is no strong clinical evidence to discourage this high-energy (HEO) bone interruption technique. The aim of this study was to determine outcomes in using OOS osteotomy in a series of patients, where monolateral-frame bone transport has been used to resolve segmental bone defects of the lower extremity. The minimum accepted follow-up was 1 year. The primary endpoints were radiographic evidence of regenerated bone quality (Li classification) and final outcome (Cattaneo clinical system assessment). Further, we analyzed associated complications, and compared results with other published series. We hypothesized that OOS osteotomy produces results no less favorable than those achieved with other, low-energy techniques. A total of 54 patients, with an average bone defect of 8.58cm (CI95% 7.01-10.16), were enrolled in the study. In terms of regeneration quality, 84% of the regenerated segment shapes were associated with good outcomes; only 16% exhibited a shape (hypotrophic) predictive of a poor outcome. Regarding functional assessment, following the Cattaneo system, we found a total of 90% good or excellent results. Finally, the Bone Healing Index (BHI) in our series averaged 21.09 days per cm. The main complication observed was pin-track infection, occurring in 45% of the cases. According our data, the superiority of an LEO technique over HEO techniques is yet to be confirmed; it appears that any open osteotomy is effective, performed well and in a proper clinical setting, and that many factors other than

  11. Lateral closing isosceles triangular osteotomy for the treatment of a post-traumatic cubitus varus deformity in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Y; Nan, G

    2016-11-01

    Cubitus varus is the most common late complication of a supracondylar fracture of the humerus in children. Correction can be performed using one of a number of techniques of osteotomy but each has disadvantages. We describe a new technique for correcting post-traumatic cubitus varus using a lateral closing wedge isosceles triangular osteotomy. A lateral closing wedge isosceles triangular osteotomy was performed in 25 patients (15 male and ten female with a mean age of 9.5 years (6 to 12)) between May 2010 and April 2013. All patients had cubitus varus secondary to malunion of a supracondylar fracture, with good function of the elbow and a full range of movement. The osteotomy lines were marked on the bone with an isosceles triangular template made before surgery, after which the osteotomy was performed leaving the medial cortex intact. Fixation was performed using two lateral 2 mm Kirschner (K)-wires and patients were immobilised in an above-elbow plaster. By six to eight weeks callus was present and the wires and cast were removed. Patients were reviewed at four and six weeks, three, six and 12 months and then every two years until skeletal maturity. Clinical and radiographic outcomes were categorised as excellent, good or poor. A total of 23 patients had an excellent and two had a good outcome at a mean final follow-up of 3.4 years (two to four). The mean post-operative carrying angle in the corrected elbow was 11.7° (7° to 18°). One patient fell, displacing the osteotomy, and needed revision of the fixation. No patient had a nerve injury. A lateral isosceles triangular osteotomy and with K-wire fixation is a practical, effective, reliable, safe and simple method of correcting post-traumatic cubitus varus in children. It has inherent stability and excellent cosmesis without prominence of the lateral condyle. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2016;98-B:1521-5. ©2016 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

  12. The comparative, long-term effect of the Salter osteotomy and Pemberton acetabuloplasty on pelvic height, scoliosis and functional outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, C-W; Wang, T-M; Wu, K-W; Huang, S-C; Kuo, K N

    2016-08-01

    This study compared the long-term results following Salter osteotomy and Pemberton acetabuloplasty in children with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). We assessed if there was a greater increase in pelvic height following the Salter osteotomy, and if this had a continued effect on pelvic tilt, lumbar curvature or functional outcomes. We reviewed 42 children at more than ten years post-operatively following a unilateral Salter osteotomy or Pemberton acetabuloplasty. We measured the increase in pelvic height and the iliac crest tilt and sacral tilt at the most recent review and at an earlier review point in the first decade of follow-up. We measured the lumbar Cobb angle and the Short Form-36 (SF-36) and Harris hip scores were collected at the most recent review. During the first decade of follow-up, there was a greater increase in pelvic height in the children who had a Salter osteotomy (Salter, 10.1%; Pemberton, 4.3%, p Salter, 4.4%; Pemberton, 3.1%, p = 0.249). There was no significant difference between the two groups for the lumbar Cobb angle, (Salter, 3.1°; Pemberton, 3.3°, p = 0.906). A coronal lumbar curve was seen in 41 children (97%), 30 of these had a compensatory curve. Sacral tilt was the radiographic parameter for pelvic imbalance that correlated most with the lumbar Cobb angle (Pearson correlation co-efficient 0.59). The Harris hip score and SF-36 were good and showed no differences between the two groups. In the long-term, we found no difference in the functional results or pelvic imbalance between Salter osteotomy and Pemberton acetabuloplasty in the management of children with DDH. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2016;98-B:1145-50. ©2016 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

  13. Corrective osteotomy assisted by computer simulation for a malunited intra-articular fracture of the distal humerus: two case reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oura, Keiichiro; Kunihiro, Oka; Okada, Kiyoshi; Tanaka, Hiroyuki; Murase, Tsuyoshi

    2016-11-01

    Intra-articular malunion after fractures of the distal humerus can cause pain, stiffness and, consequently, osteoarthritis in the long run. Although corrective osteotomy for intra-articular malunion has been reported, it is still technically challenging and needs careful preoperative evaluation and planning. Here, we present two cases of corrective osteotomy assisted by preoperative three-dimensional (3-D) computer simulation. We present two cases of malunited intra-articular fracture of the distal humerus, which was treated by corrective osteotomy with the aid of 3-D computer simulation. One case was initially treated with closed reduction and pinning, and the other was initially treated with open reduction and internal fixation. Both of them had pain and severely limited range of motion in the elbow due to intra-articular malunion. 3-D models of the bilateral humeri were created on a computer using computed tomography (CT) data. The deformity was analyzed by superimposing the model of the affected humerus on the mirrored model of the contralateral normal humerus. Osteotomy, reduction and fixation were simulated preoperatively on the computer. The actual surgery was performed exactly according to the preoperative 3-D computer simulation. The operative procedures were performed successfully according to the computer simulation. Range-of-motion exercises started 3 days and immediately after the surgery in cases 1 and 2, respectively. Two years after surgery, there were no complaints of pain or instability. The range of elbow motion was 5°-140° and 15°-125° in cases 1 and 2, respectively. Plain radiographs and CT scans showed good reconstruction of the articular surface. 3-D computer simulations can be useful in preoperative planning for intra-articular corrective osteotomy for complex malunion of the distal humerus.

  14. Can Double Osteotomy Be a Solution for Adult Hallux Valgus Deformity With an Increased Distal Metatarsal Articular Angle?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Chul Hyun; Cho, Jae Ho; Moon, Jeong Jae; Lee, Woo Chun

    2016-01-01

    No previous study has reported the results of double metatarsal osteotomy for adult hallux valgus deformity with an increased distal metatarsal articular angle (DMAA). The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the results after double metatarsal osteotomy in adult patients with incongruent hallux valgus deformity. We retrospectively reviewed 16 cases of consecutive first metatarsal double metatarsal osteotomy without lateral soft tissue release in 14 patients with symptomatic hallux valgus associated with an increased DMAA (≥15° after proximal chevron osteotomy on intraoperative radiographs). Clinical results were assessed using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society scale and the visual analog scale. The radiographic results were assessed over time, and changes in the DMAA and the relative length of the first metatarsal were assessed by measuring each value preoperatively and at the last follow-up visit. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society and visual analog scale scores were significantly improved after surgery. The hallux valgus angle and intermetatarsal angle were stabilized >3 months after surgery. The sesamoid position did not increase significantly beyond the immediate postoperative period. The mean DMAA was corrected from 21.6° (range 15° to 29°) preoperatively to 11.1° (range -2° to 17°) at the last follow-up visit. The mean amount of shortening of the first metatarsal after surgery was 5.5 (range 4 to 7) mm. In conclusion, double metatarsal osteotomy without lateral soft tissue release in adult hallux valgus deformity results in high postoperative recurrence and complication rates. Copyright © 2016 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Comparison of two Methods of Lateral Osteotomies withwithout Subperiosteal Tunnel creation on Edema and Ecchymosis after Rhinoplasty.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MR As’habyamin

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Postoperative periorbital edema and ecchymosis is one of the main complication of rhinoplasty. This complication is mostly due to lateral osteotomy. During performing the endonasal lateral osteotomy, with the goal of reducing injury to surrounding tissues and reducing the postoperative edema and ecchymosis. The aim of this study goal was to determine whether creating a subperiosteal tunnel before lateral osteotomy had an effect on postoperative periorbital edema and ecchymosis. Methods: 102 patients were included in the study. They were underwent rhinoplasty. In each patients lateral osteotomies were carried out bilaterally, after creating a subperiosteal tunnel with periosteum elevator on a randomly chosen side and without creating a subperiosteal tunnel on the other side. The rest of the procedure was similar bilaterally. The patients were examined on the 2nd and 7th days after surgery. The levels of edema and periorbital ecchymosis were score by a different surgery who was unaware of the side with the periosteal tunnel, and the results were compared together. Results: According to the data analysis, there was no statistically significant difference between the severity of periorbital edema at the side with subperiosteal tunnel and the side without it on the 2nd and 7th days after surgery (P value=0/096 and Pvalue=0/252, respectively. There was not found any statistical significant between periorbital ecchymosis at the side with subperiosteal tunnel and the side without it on the 2nd and 7th days after surgery (P value=0/783 and Pvalue=0/094, respectively. Conclusions: Creating a subperiostal tunnel before lateral osteotomy in rhinoplasty does not influence on the severity of postoperative edema and ecchymosis.

  16. Evaluation of Bernese periacetabular osteotomy: prospective studies examining projected load-bearing area, bone density, cartilage thickness and migration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mechlenburg, Inger

    2008-06-01

    The typical dysplastic hip joint is characterised by maldirection of the acetabulum and femoral neck, insufficient coverage of the femoral head focally and globally and erosions of the limbus acetabuli (1). An unknown number of persons with hip dysplasia will suffer from pain in hip or groin, decreased hip function and development of osteoarthritis at a young age. The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy is performed to prevent osteoarthritis in patients with hip dysplasia and has been carried out at Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark since 1996 with more than 500 osteotomies performed. Throughout the years, research and quality improvement of the treatment has taken place and this PhD thesis is part of that process. The aims of this PhD thesis were to evaluate outcome aspects after periacetabular osteotomy in terms of I) estimating the projected loadbearing surface before and after periacetabular osteotomy, II) estimating bone density changes in the acetabulum after periacetabular osteotomy, III) developing a technique to precisely and efficiently estimate the thickness of the articular cartilage in the hip joint and IV) examining the stability of the re-orientated acetabulum after periacetabular osteotomy. In study I, we applied a stereologic method based on 3D computed tomography (CT) to estimate the projected loadbearing surface in six normal hip joints and in six dysplastic hips. The dysplastic hips were CT scanned before and after periacetabular osteotomy. We found that the average area of the projected loadbearing surface of the femoral head preoperatively was 7.4 (range 6.5-8.4) cm2 and postoperatively 11 (9.8-14.3) cm2. The area of the projected loadbearing surface was increased significantly with a mean of 49% (34-70%) postoperatively and thus comparable with the load-bearing surface in the normal control group. Double measurements were performed and the error variance of the mean was estimated to be 1.6%. The effect of overprojection, on the projected

  17. Posterior wedge osteotomy and debridement for Andersson lesion with severe kyphosis in ankylosing spondylitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Yan; Tang, Xiangyu; Zhao, Yongfei; Wang, Zheng

    2017-03-31

    Andersson lesion is a well-known complication in ankylosing spondylitis. Recently, owing to the worry about the healing of fracture, some scholars advocated additional anterior surgery or other procedures were necessary, which increase the risk of the nerve injury. The purpose of this study is to introduce our experience and to explore the efficacy and feasibility of posterior wedge osteotomy and debridement through Andersson Lesion for surgical treatment of severe kyphosis in ankylosing spondylitis. From January 2012 to January 2014, a retrospective study of 14 Andersson lesion patients with severe kyphosis in ankylosing spondylitis treated with surgery was completed with an at least 2-year follow-up. The debridement procedure, before posterior wedge osteotomy in posterior approach, must scrape all sclerosis bone until healthy cancellous bone appears. Radiographic and clinical results and complications were assessed with an average follow-up of 24 months. The CT scan was obtained preoperatively and at the final follow-up to assess the displacement of the fracture preoperatively, the safety of screw insertion, the healing of the fracture at the final follow-up. The Bridwell interbody fusion grading system was used to assess the healing of the fracture. Local kyphosis was substantially corrected from 51.7 ± 15.6 to 7.1 ± 19.5, with a mean correction of 44°. The global kyphosis (GK) changed from 60.6 ± 28.3 to 20.3 ± 10.3 (P = 0.000). The mean VAS back pain scores decreased from 6.7 ± 0.8 preoperatively to 0.75 ± 0.6 after a 2-year follow-up (P = 0.000). The ODI score improved from 60.56 ± 15.1% preoperatively to 23.46 ± 8.2% after a 2-year follow-up (P = 0.000). The CT scan showed solid fusion at the level of the AL, and no internal fixation loose. All patients achieved grade 1 fusion. No major complication occurred. The posterior wedge osteotomy and debridement through AL can be used to correct the severe

  18. What factors predict improvements in outcomes scores and reoperations after the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaulé, Paul E; Dowding, Chris; Parker, Gillian; Ryu, Jae-Jin

    2015-02-01

    The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) has entered its fourth decade and is frequently used for corrective osteotomy in patients with acetabular dysplasia. Although our capacity to preserve the joint after corrective osteotomy is excellent, gaining a better understanding on how well patients function after this surgery is important as well. (1) What changes in patient-reported outcomes scores occur in patients treated with PAO for hip dysplasia in the setting of a single-surgeon practice? (2) What are the predictors of clinical function and survivorship? All 67 patients presenting to a single surgeon's clinic with hip dysplasia treated with PAO between October 2005 and January 2013 were prospectively followed. Baseline demographic data as well as pre- and postoperative radiographic and functional measurements were obtained with a minimum of 1-year followup. Radiographic criteria included Tönnis grade, Tönnis angle, minimum joint space width, center-edge angle, presence of crossover sign, medial translation of the hip center, and alpha angle. We also used validated outcome measures including the WOMAC, the UCLA Activity Scale, and the SF-12. Multiple regression analysis was used to determine predictors of functional outcome scores. There were increases in WOMAC, UCLA, and SF-12 Physical scores. Higher preoperative alpha angle was associated with a lower postoperative WOMAC score (β=-0.47; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.92 to -0.02; R2=0.08; p=0.04). The 5-year Kaplan-Meier survivorship was 94.1% (95% CI, 90.7-97.5) with reoperation (ie, hip arthroscopy and/or total hip arthroplasty) used as the endpoint for failure. With the limited numbers available, we could not identify any demographic or radiographic factors associated with reoperation. Overall survivorship for the PAO at our center at 5 years is comparable to other clinical series with overall functional scores improving. A greater alpha angle preoperatively was associated with poorer patient

  19. Bipolar hemiarthroplasty with a two-step osteotomy technique for unstable intertrochanteric fracture in senile patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GU Gui-shan; LI Ying-hua; YANG Chen

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To introduce bipolar hemiarthroplasty with a two-step osteotomy technique and observe its clinical result for unstable intertrochanteric fractures in senile patients.Methods:Fifteen consecutive patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures aged from 81 to 92 years with a mean of 85 years were treated in our hospital from August 2006 to October 2011 (Evans type Ⅲ in 4 cases,Evans type Ⅳ in 11 cases),who received bipolar hemiarthroplasty with a two-step osteotomy technique performed by a senior orthopedic surgeon through posterior approach under general anesthesia.All cases were evaluated by Zuckerman functional recovery score (FRS) and operative risk assessment software 1,based on the patients' physical and laboratory examinations preoperatively.The duration and blood loss have been recorded.There were 4 male cases (4 hips) and 11 female cases (11 hips).All prostheses consisted of Link SP Ⅱ femoral stem and bipolar femoral head.All patients were followed up for more than 1 year.Results:The average preoperative FRS,predictive value of operative morbidity and mortality were 83.7 (81.7-85.9),9.3% (7.3%-15.0%) and 3.5% (2.3%-4.2%),respectively.The average operation time was 50 minutes with a mean intraoperative blood loss of 310 ml.There were no operative or anesthetic complications or deaths within 30 days after operation.Sitting up was permitted 3 to 4 days,and partial weight bearing was allowed 5 to 7 days after operation.The average FRS was 79.3 at 30 days and 84.9 at 1 year postoperatively.Three patients died of unrelated causes (one due to myocardial infarction and the others due to cerebral hemorrhage during at least one-year follow-up).Conclusion:Bipolar hemiarthroplasty with a two-step osteotomy technique for unstable intertrochanteric fractures in the senile patients is a good choice for early ambulation and good hip function.

  20. A review about the modern clinical application of Salter innominate osteotomy%Salter 骨盆截骨术的现代临床应用观点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    师东良; 齐燕; 王予彬; 沈品泉

    2014-01-01

    Salter innominate osteotomy ( SIO ) has been performed in the treatment of developmental displasia of the hip ( DDH ) and Perthes disease for many years. It can restore the normal anatomy of the hip, adjust the biomechanical properties of the whole joint and promote the development of the hip by improving the geometrical relationship of the hip head. In order to better improve the hip function, some technical changes have been made in the angle of osteotomy, method of osteotomy and ifxation materials. SIO combined with proximal femoral osteotomy is a better choice for DDH and Perthes disease in the patients with different indications. The postoperative rehabilitation is a key problem. In order to achieve good long-term curative effects, much attention should be paid to the restoration of the joint range of motion, joint stress, neuromuscular control and control of the posture and gait. A review about SIO is presented as following.

  1. Malpositioned Osseointegrated Implants Relocated with Segmental Osteotomies : A Retrospective Analysis of a Multicenter Case Series with a 1-to 15-Year Follow-Up

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stacchi, Claudio; Chen, Stephen T.; Raghoebar, Gerry M.; Rosen, Daren; Poggio, Carlo E.; Ronda, Marco; Bacchini, Marco; Di Lenarda, Roberto

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: This multicenter case series evaluates retrospectively the clinical outcomes of malpositioned implants surgically relocated in a more convenient position by segmental osteotomies. Materials and Methods: Authors who published, on indexed journals or books, works about malpositioned implant

  2. Stability of the anterior maxillary segment and teeth after segmental Le Fort I osteotomy and postoperative skeletal elastic fixation with or without occlusal splint

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objectives To assess the short term dental and skeletal stability of the anterior maxillary segment after segmental Le Fort I osteotomy with postoperative skeletal elastic fixation with or without occlusal splint. Material and Methods 29 consecutive patients underwent segmental Le Fort I osteotomy and elastic skeletal fixation was applied. Patients were divided into two groups according to whether a fixed occlusal splint was used for six weeks (group A) or dismounted perioperatively ...

  3. Superior functional outcome after femoral derotation osteotomy according to gait analysis in cerebral palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niklasch, M; Dreher, T; Döderlein, L; Wolf, S I; Ziegler, K; Brunner, R; Rutz, E

    2015-01-01

    The femoral derotation osteotomy (FDO) is seen as the golden standard treatment in children with cerebral palsy and internal rotation gait. Variable outcomes with cases of over- and undercorrection mainly in the less involved patients have been reported. The determination of the amount of derotation is still inconsistent. 138 patients (age: 11 (± 3.3) years) with cerebral palsy and internal rotation gait were examined pre- and 1 year postoperatively after distal or proximal FDO, using standardized clinical examination and 3D gait analysis. Three groups were defined retrospectively depending on the amount of derotation in relation to the mean hip rotation in stance (MHR) during gait analysis: Group A (derotation angle > MHR + 10°), Group B (derotation angle = MHR ± 10°), Group C (derotation angle gait analysis compared with clinical examination.

  4. Segmental LeFort I osteotomy for treatment of a class III malocclusion with temporomandibular disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Janson

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available This article reports the case of a 19-year-old young man with Class III malocclusion and posterior crossbite with concerns about temporomandibular disorder (TMD, esthetics and functional problems. Surgical-orthodontic treatment was carried out by decompensation of the mandibular incisors and segmentation of the maxilla in 4 pieces, which allowed expansion and advancement. Remission of the signs and symptoms occurred after surgical-orthodontic intervention. The maxillary dental arch presented normal transverse dimension. Satisfactory static and functional occlusion and esthetic results were achieved and remained stable. Three years after the surgical-orthodontic treatment, no TMD sign or symptom was observed and the occlusal results had not changed. When vertical or horizontal movements of the maxilla in the presence of moderate maxillary constriction are necessary, segmental LeFort I osteotomy can be an important part of treatment planning.

  5. SEGMENTAL LEFORT I OSTEOTOMY FOR TREATMENT OF A CLASS III MALOCCLUSION WITH TEMPOROMANDIBULAR DISORDER

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janson, Marcos; Janson, Guilherme; Sant'Ana, Eduardo; Nakamura, Alexandre; de Freitas, Marcos Roberto

    2008-01-01

    This article reports the case of a 19-year-old young man with Class III malocclusion and posterior crossbite with concerns about temporomandibular disorder (TMD), esthetics and functional problems. Surgical-orthodontic treatment was carried out by decompensation of the mandibular incisors and segmentation of the maxilla in 4 pieces, which allowed expansion and advancement. Remission of the signs and symptoms occurred after surgical-orthodontic intervention. The maxillary dental arch presented normal transverse dimension. Satisfactory static and functional occlusion and esthetic results were achieved and remained stable. Three years after the surgical-orthodontic treatment, no TMD sign or symptom was observed and the occlusal results had not changed. When vertical or horizontal movements of the maxilla in the presence of moderate maxillary constriction are necessary, segmental LeFort I osteotomy can be an important part of treatment planning. PMID:19089265

  6. Osseous healing after sagittal splitting ramus osteotomy in mandibular prognathism. Three-dimensional CT measurement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nemoto, Toshiyuki; Akizuki, Hiromichi; Michi, Ken-ichi [Showa Univ., Tokyo (Japan). School of Dentistry

    2001-07-01

    The purpose of the present study was to clarify the relationship between the cleavage and fixation of bone fragments and the osseous healing after sagittal splitting ramus osteotomy. Subjects consisted of 12 patients with mandibular prognathism, on which we performed sagittal splitting ramus osteotomy on both sides. Thus, we performed this osteotomy on 24 rami. These rami were studied immediately after, and 1 year after, surgery by Three-dimensional CT. With regard to the morphology of the anterior and posterior borders of the mandibular ramus, the majority (70.8%) showed the smooth type (smooth type: proximal and distal bone fragments are not discernible, and there is a smooth transition between them) in the lower plane. In the upper plane, the smooth type was less frequent (39.6%), and the stairway type (stairway type: either the proximal bone fragment or the distal bone fragment is protruded, thus showing a stairway form) was more frequent (43.8%). The concave type (concave type: there is a gap, i.e. an opened bone fragment, between two bone fragments, thus showing a concave form) was more frequently observed at the anterior border than at the posterior border, in both planes. With regard to the relationship between the morphology of the posterior border of the mandibular ramus and the cleavage of proximal and distal fragments, the stairway type was more frequent if both fragments were completely split through the posterior border, but the smooth type was more frequent if the cleavage spared the posterior border. With regard to the relationship between the morphology of the anterior and posterior borders of the mandibular ramus and the distance between proximal and distal bone fragments, the distance was greatest in the concave type, followed by the stairway type and the smooth type, in this order. The concave type was observed in cases in which the mean distance was more than 6.1 mm. As for the relationship between the posterior protrusion of the distal bone

  7. ACETABULAR ROTATION OSTEOTOMY IN THE TREATMENT OF ACETABULAR DYSPLASIA IN ADULTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨庆铭; 蒋垚; 孙争鸣; 钱不凡

    1993-01-01

    Acetabular dysplasia is one of the most important reasons for development ofsecondary osteoarthrosis of the hip joint. This paper introduced a method of modifiedWagner’s procedure, called acetabular rotation osteotomy for the treatment of severeacetabular dysplasia in ten adults patients. These were followed up for 1-4 years. Fivecriteria including pain, gait, range of motion, measurement of roentgenographic changees,and CT scan were evaluated. From the limited information of this paper, it showed thatin all cases pain improved and range of motion did not reduced significantly. Comparingthe pre- and post-operative x-ray films, CE angle increased and exceeded the normal val-ue. Tonnis hip value decreased and approached the normal value, anteversion of theacetabulum improved, and the percentage of acetabular coverage increased as well.

  8. MRI after operative reduction with femoral osteotomy in developmental dysplasia of the hip

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ranawat, Vijai [Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, Orthopaedic Department, London (United Kingdom); London (United Kingdom); Rosendahl, Karen [Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, Radiology Department, London (United Kingdom); Jones, David [Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, Orthopaedic Department, London (United Kingdom)

    2009-02-15

    The use of MRI scanning has been described after open reduction of the hip in developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) to check hip position, but has not previously been reported after open reduction with femoral osteotomy and the use of metalwork. We report a prospective study to determine whether MRI scanning can be used to confirm satisfactory reduction of the hip following surgery for DDH, even in the presence of metalwork in the proximal femur. MRI scans were performed in 12 consecutive children, and all gave diagnostic information indicating satisfactory reduction. Sedation was not required and the mean scanning time was 3 min 45 s. Satisfactory images, the lack of need for sedation, comparable time and cost to CT scanning and most importantly the lack of exposure of the child to ionizing radiation make MRI a most appealing method for imaging. We therefore recommend it as the investigation of choice in this patient group. (orig.)

  9. Periacetabular Osteotomy in patients with Hip Dysplasia investigated with Imaging Modalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mechlenburg, Inger

    2016-01-01

    The minimal invasive periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is a joint-preserving procedure that effectively corrects hip dysplasia, provides pain relief, improved radiographic results and a low rate of complications. The aim of this doctoral dissertation was to examine biological changes in bone......, cartilage and blood perfusion after PAO in patients with hip dysplasia. Furthermore, to investigate the relationship between the acetabular angles and health-related quality of life (QoL) after PAO. And finally, to study the level of radiation to the surgeon during PAO. Chapters 3 to 7 investigate the first...... is applied on 26 patients scheduled for PAO. In chapter 4, a cohort of patients with hip dysplasia are followed with Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) prior to and 1 and 2½ years after PAO to investigate changes in acetabular bone mineral density after PAO. Moreover, to examine whether bone mineral...

  10. Risk factors for the need of hip arthroscopy following periacetabular osteotomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartig-Andreasen, Charlo